Skip to main content

Full text of "Guide to the Winterthur Library : the Joseph Downs Collection and the Winterthur Archives"

See other formats





The Joseph Downs 


and the 






Guide to the Winterthur Library 

The Joseph Downs Collection 
and the Winterthur Archives 


E. Richard McKinstry 

Winterthur Museum, Garden & Library 
Winterthur, Delaware 


2003 by The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, Inc. 
All rights reserved. 

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts & Printed Ephemera. 

Guide to the Winterthur Library : the Joseph Downs Collection and the 
Winterthur Archives / compiled by E. Richard McKinstry. 

p. cm. 
Includes index. 

ISBN 0-912724-61-7 
1. Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts & Printed 
Ephemera — Catalogs. 2. Winterthur Archives — Catalogs. 3. Winterthur 
Library. — Catalogs. 4. Manuscripts, American — Catalogs. 5. American 
diaries — Bibliography — Catalogs. 6. United 

States — History — Sources — Bibliography — Catalogs. 7. Decorative 
arts — United States — History — Sources — Bibliography — Catalogs. 8. Du 
Pont family — Archives — Catalogs. 1. McKinstry, E. Richard. II. 
Winterthur Archives. III. Winterthur Library. IV. Title. 
Z733.W785 J67 2003 


Manufactured in the United States of America 


This volume is dedicated to the five former Downs Collection librarians who were 
so instrumental in developing the collection over a period of nearly thirty-five years: 

M. Elinor Betts, 1956-60 

Elizabeth Ingerman Wood, 1960-66 

Mary Norton Holt, 1967-69 

Elizabeth Hamlin Hill, 1969-77 

Beatrice K. Taylor, 1977-88 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 


Foreword y| 

Acknowledgments yji 

Introduction I 

How to Use This Guide 5 

Entries 7 




Winterthur is a unique national treasure. A du Pont family country estate in Dela- 
ware's scenic Brandywine Valley, Winterthur offers a rare combination of beauty, 
history, art, and learning. Winterthur's historic identity — as a great American country 
estate — is defined by five key cultural attractions of a great country house: its history, 
landscape and gardens, architecture, art collections, and library. The history of the 
library was explained by Frank H. Sommer, former Head of the Library Division at 
Winterthur, in 1964: "The collection of papers, drawings, photographs, books, and 
periodicals which today constitute the Winterthur libraries began to grow in 1839 as 
the private library of the creators of the estate. During the lifetime of Colonel Henry 
Algernon du Pont (1838-1926), substantial additions were made in the realms of ge- 
nealogy, horticulture, and materials dealing with the history of the War between the 
States. It was, however, his son, Mr. Henry Francis du Pont (1880-1969), who was 
responsible for the creation of the present collection of Americana and for shifting 
the emphasis of the libraries to the fields of American art and its European back- 
ground." The extraordinary library at Winterthur is today open to the public and 
renowned as a national research center for the study and appreciation of America's 
artistic, cultural, social, and intellectual history. 

This guide to the Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera 
and the Winterthur Archives has been published to make available to scholars an 
incredibly rich resource of original manuscript records assembled over more than 
forty years. In concert with our commitment to making the library's holdings available 
to a wide, international audience, this guide is Winterthur's first foray into the tech- 
nology of online publishing. The text may be accessed along with other library and 
research resources, by visiting We hope that this new accessi- 
bility will be a welcome convenience to our readers and will benefit students, pro- 
fessors, and practitioners of the study of American cultural history. 

Leslie Greene Bowman 


' Winterthur, Ait American Country Estate 


This volume is the fourth in a Une of bibliographies published to describe the hold- 
ings of the Winterthur Library. In 1984 Winterthur issued Trade Catalogues at Winter- 
thur: A Guide to the Literature of Merchandising, 1750 to 1980; accompanying this book 
was a microfiche edition of the contents of the trade catalogue collection. Some years 
later both the book and fiche were updated with a supplement. In 1987 The Edward 
Deming Andrei.L'^ Memorial Shaker Collection was published. This volume outlined the 
contents of an important Shaker library given to Winterthur by members of the An- 
drews family in memory of Edward Deming Andrews, America's pioneering scholar 
of the Shaker religious sect. In 1997 Winterthur published Personal Accounts ofEivnts, 
Traivls, and Everyday Life in America: An Annotated Bibliography, a listing of manuscript 
diaries and printed travel accounts held by the Winterthur Library. Unlike these ear- 
lier publications, this volume focuses on a broader range of materials, an incredibly 
rich resource of original manuscript records assembled over more than forty years in 
the Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera. 

As thecompilerof this volume, I must acknowledge the fine assistance of colleagues 
in the Downs Collection. The entries herein are based on records created over the 
course of ten years by Heather A. Clewell, Kurt A. Bodling, Mary-Elise Haug, and 
Karen Rege. Their painstaking work in ferreting out information on the contents of 
the Downs Collection and Winterthur Archives has made it possible for me to proceed 
with this work. In addition, thanks are due to Katharine Martinez, former library 
division head, and Gary Kulik, deputy director for Library, Collections Management, 
and Academic Programs, for approving and encouraging the compilation of this vol- 

Finally, words of appreciation are due to Winterthur's Publications Department, 
whose expertise 1 again acknowledge with thanks. Without the critical eyes and ed- 
itorial skills of Jennifer Schaaf, Mary Ellen Wilson, and Stephen Deusner, this guide 
would not have been as good as the collections it represents. 

Thank you one and all. 


The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum opened to the public in 1951. 
Located near Wilmington, Delaware, Winterthur evolved from a comparatively mod- 
est family dwelling constructed in 1839 on an estate of 450 acres into a large mansion 
on an expanse of some 2,400 acres. From the 1920s until his death in 1969, Henry 
Francis du Pont, the museum's founder and namesake, devoted considerable effort 
and dollars to the task of furnishing his ever-growing home — and then museum — 
which ultimately contained 175 period rooms decorated with household goods made 
and used in America from 1640 to 1860. With equal pride and fervor, he planned and 
nurtured a sixty-acre naturalistic garden to surround it. 

To complement Winterthur's museum and garden, a library for the study of Amer- 
ican decorative arts and (to a lesser degree) horticulture was established in 1952. 
Initially it served Winterthur staff and students in the Winterthur Program in Early 
American Culture (WPEAC) — a graduate-level course jointly sponsored by Winter- 
thur and the University of Delaware. Today the library is open to the public and 
renowned as a national research center for the study and appreciation of America's 
artistic, cultural, social, and intellectual history. Recognizing the interdependence of 
its three important components, the institution is now known as Winterthur Museum, 
Garden & Library. 

The library consists of five departments: imprints and periodicals, photographs, 
slides, manuscripts, and archives. Books and periodicals provide researchers with 
secondary sources necessary for their work; photographs and slides offer the kind of 
visual resources necessary for the study of our artistic heritage; and manuscripts and 
archives include primary and unique source materials that support advanced re- 
search. In much the same way that Winterthur's museum, garden, and library relate 
to one another, the contents of Winterthur's library departments are complementary. 
They give researchers opportunities to pursue their studies in a variety of formats 
(such as printed ephemera, manufacturers' and distributors' trade catalogues, and 
visual imagery) that are not usually collected in such depth by other research libraries. 
This publication describes the contents of two of the library's five departments: the 
manuscript and archival collections. 

The manuscript collection was established in 1955, principally to obtain micro- 
film of early American documents held in other libraries and to acquire original 


Guide to the Wiuterthur Libraty 

manuscript material for students in the WPEAC program. The collection was named 
to honor Winterthur's first curator, Joseph Downs, who died the year before its in- 
ception. Born in Shutesbury, Massachusetts, in 1895, Downs graduated from the Bos- 
ton Museum School in 1921 and then worked as an assistant at the Museum of Fine 
Arts, Boston. In 1922 and 1923 he traveled and studied in Europe. After returning to 
America, Downs designed furniture for two years in New York. From 1925 to 1932 
he worked as a curator at the Pennsylvania Museum of Art, now the Philadelphia 
Museum of Art. Downs then returned to New York, where he became curator of the 
American Wing of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In January 1949 he joined the 
staff at Winterthur. At that point in his career, Downs had written more than 150 
publications, and four years into his tenure at Winterthur, his book American Furniture: 
Queen Anne and Chippendale Periods was published by the Macmillan Company. 
Downs enjoyed a reputation as a distinguished scholar, in part because he was inter- 
ested in consulting as many primary resources as he could for his writings. This 
approach to research — remarkable during the early twentieth century but common- 
place today — prompted Winterthur's board of trustees, at the urging of WPEAC 
graduate and longtime Winterthur staff member John Sweeney, to name the collection 
after Downs. Known initially as the Joseph Downs Manuscript and Microfilm Col- 
lection, the name was changed in 1989 to the Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts 
and Printed Ephemera to reflect the ways in which the collection had developed. 

The Downs Collection acquires materials that document American lifestyles, con- 
centrating on the domestic scene and activities within the household. It includes such 
items as diaries, business accounts of craftsmen whose products decorated dwelling 
houses, swatchbooks that contain centuries-old fabric samples, architectural drawings 
used in the construction of homes, and artists' sketchbooks. Items from individuals 
famous in American history rest alongside materials from people who led routine 
lives, yet still contributed to the development of the country. 

The Downs Collection grew modestly during its first few years. It was initially 
operated out of the office of Winterthur's first director, Charles F. Montgomery, by M. 
Elinor Betts, whose chief responsibility at Winterthur was editorial in nature. (Betts 
had earlier served as Downs's secretary.) Acquisitions at this time included gifts of 
original manuscript material that du Pont had collected and microfilm of research 
holdings located at other institutions and in private hands. Although early acquisition 
records are sketchy, the first original item associated with the Downs Collection is a 
broadside, "Amicable Society," covering rules for a ball in 1791 at Mr. Grant's New 
Assembly-Room in Baltimore. The first microfilm records came from the New-York 
Historical Society, which in 1954 had filmed inventories of estates in New York City 
and vicinity dated from 1717 to 1844. 

As time passed and as the research value of its holdings grew, responsibility of the 
Downs Collection was transferred to the Library Division, and Winterthur hired a 
full-time librarian, Elizabeth A. Ingerman, to manage it. By 1961 Ingerman had in- 
vestigated a number of ways to index the expanding collection, finally settling upon 
an optical-coincidence or coordinate indexing system, known informally as Termatrex 
after the maker of the equipment needed to make the system work. At that time such 
a system was noteworthy as an advancement in organizing and retrieving informa- 

Downs Collection and Archives 

tion. In 1963 Winterthur and Drexel Institute of Technology (as Drexel University was 
then known) received a grant from the Copeland-Andelot Foundation of Wilmington, 
Delaware, to undertake a study that culminated in the publication of Project History 
Retriei'al, a book that focused on the use of the optical-coincidence approach to infor- 
mation retrieval. Today the staff of the Downs Collection use computers for the cat- 
aloging and description of collection holdings. 

The Downs Collection encompasses four kinds of materials: collections, documents, 
folios, and microforms. Collections are made up of many items, including original 
handwritten and typed manuscripts, pieces of ephemera, photographic images, draw- 
ings, bound and unbound volumes, artifacts, and even printed books and periodicals. 
Typically, collections are not broken up by format but are kept together in order to 
provide the researcher with context. Documents are primarily single volumes that can 
be comfortably housed in a standard or legal-size document box. All documents have 
their own bibliographic entries. Although substantially identical in content, /o/Zos are 
bigger than documents, but they are too large to fit into document boxes. Microforms 
include microfilms and microfiche. 

The Winterthur Archives is the corporate memory of the institution. It is divided 
into two sections, noncurrent office records and historical archives. The establishment 
of the noncurrent office records — then identified as the museum archives — began in 
1951, coinciding with the opening of Winterthur as a museum. Noncurrent office 
records pertain to the history, organization, and function of Wintferthur as a public 
institution. An active records management program for the transfer, processing, and 
selected microfilming of noncurrent office records is in place. 

The historical archives was established shortly after the death of du Pont in 1969 
and was designated as the repository for some of his family's papers and Winterthur 
estate records. Its holdings consist of the du Pont family's personal papers and busi- 
ness records relating to the estate, the majority of which are twentieth-century doc- 
uments. Noncurrent office records are added to the historical archives at designated 

The Winterthur Archives, through both of its sections, provides researchers with 
opportunities to study the development of a single family's association with the 
dwellings and grounds of an extraordinary private estate and the creation and evo- 
lution of a museum holding approximately 85,000 art objects. Materials in the Win- 
terthur Archives document not only a period of collecting and patronage but also 
attitudes toward period room settings and tastes in landscape design. This guide 
describes materials in the historical archives. 

Researchers interested in other du Pont family materials should contact the Hagley 
Museum and Library, situated on the grounds of Eleutherian Mills, the ancestral home 
of the du Ponts. There, a manuscript record group identified as the Winterthur Man- 
uscripts contains materials dating from 1588 to 1955 pertaining to various members 
of the family, chiefly ancestors of Henry Francis du Pont. 

Over the years the Downs Collection and the Winterthur Archives have attracted 
thousands of researchers interested in a variety of topics. Most recently, long-term 
fellowships, supported by monies from the National Endowment for the Humanities, 
and short-term fellowships, funded by Winterthur, have attracted an international 

Guuie to the Winterlhur Library 

group of scholars associated with prominent academic institutions and working in- 
dependently. It has been most gratifying to see the Downs Collection and the Win- 
terthur Archives cited in their writings and acknowledged in their talks. 1 hope that 
readers of this volume will find many items of interest and that they will be drawn 
to Winterthur to begin or further their own research objectives. 

How to Use This Guide 

This volume is a guide to the holdings of the Joseph Downs Collection of Manu- 
scripts and Printed Ephemera and the Winterthur Archives. It covers acquisitions 
through 1996 that have had cataloguing records prepared for them. Bibliographic 
entries have been arranged alphabetically by cataloguing main entries, and they are 
numbered sequentially from 1 to 2,281 (from A. Merrill & Sons to Zukowsky, John). 

Each entry follows the prescribed cataloguing outline, featuring the record of a 
personal name or corporate entity, title, inclusive dates, bulk dates when appropriate, 
an indication of the item's or collection's physical size, whether there is illustrative 
material, a biographical or historical sketch of the person or organization represented, 
scope and content information, miscellaneous notes, and the call number. 

Following the main body of the guide is a comprehensive index of names, places, 
and subjects. All numbers in the index refer to the sequentially assigned entry num- 
bers. For convenience, the index contains both the direct and indirect names of cor- 
porate entities. For example, both F. M. Holmes & Co. and Holmes, F. M., & Co. are 

Downs Collection mid Archives 

1. A. Merrill & Sons. 
Account book. 1838-53. 
452 p.; 34 cm. 

A. Merrill & Sons made headwear, including cloth caps, fur caps, moleskin 
hats, palm hats, tarpaulin hats, velvet caps, etc., in Exeter, New Hampshire. 
Volume contains accounts between the firm and its customers in New 
Hampshire and Massachusetts who usually made payment with other 
Document HS. 

2. A. H. Davenport Co. 
Drawings. Ca. 1890. 

12 items: ill. (some col.) 

A. H. Davenport operated a furnitu remaking firm in Boston and had a 
showroom in New York City. The company eventually merged with Irving 
& Casson, also of Boston. 

Consists of twelve pen-and-ink and pencil drawings of various furniture 
forms, including a bed, sideboards, tables, and chairs. Drawings show En- 
glish and ecclesiastical influences. 
Collection 154. 

3. Abbot, Elsie Sargeant. 
Scrapbook. 1893-99. 
84 p.: ill.; 23 x 28 cm. 

Daughter of George M. Abbot, young Elsie resided in the Germantown sec- 
tion of Philadelphia when she created her scrapbook. 

Volume includes many kinds of items that document Abbof s social life, in- 
cluding letters from her friends, invitations to social events, programs from 
concerts, playbills, pencil sketches, pressed flowers, tickets to football 
games, etc. Early pages cover her trip to the World's Columbian Exposi- 
tion. There are photographs and other remembrances of trips to Mount 
Vernon, Virginia; Atlantic City, New Jersey; Jamestown, Rhode Island; and 
Kennebunkport, Maine. 
Document 156. 

4. Abbott, Abiel, 1741-? 
Account books. 1759-1802. 
2 vols.; 32 cm. 

Abiel Abbott worked as a cooper and part-time farmer in Wilton, New 
Hampshire. He also served as the town's constable beginning in 1767 and 
trained soldiers for duty in the Revolutionary War. Abbott and his wife, 
Doreas, married in 1764 and had six children. 

Manuscript volumes document the products Abbott made, including sap 
barrels, meat barrels, butter churns, beer barrels, hooped tubs and churns, 
etc. In addition, Abbott's agricultural pursuits are noted. 

Guide to the Wintertltur Lilmni/ 

An index of names appears at the front of each volume. 
Document 1037; Microfilm M711. 

Abbott, Jackson J. 
Account book. 1872-75, 1886. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Jackson J. Abbott was a civil engineer. He probably lived in Englew^ood, 
New Jersey, and may have moved to Denver, Colorado. By 1886 he resided 
in Lake City, Colorado. 

Volume records a full range of domestic products that Abbott purchased 
during a four-year period in the 1870s on his salary of $125 per month. In 
addition, he noted trips to New York City, paying for leisure activities, en- 
gaging a woman to do his wash, etc. A letter that he wrote to his mother in 
1886 is laid in. 
Document 459. 

Abbott, John. 

John Abbott, his booke. 1662-65. 
1 microfilm reel. 

John Abbott was probably from Langtree, England. 
Manuscript includes sketches, architectural drawings, and patterns for 
plasterwork as well as recipes for making paints and comments on gilding. 
Original manuscript belonged to the Devon County Council, Exeter, En- 
gland, at the time of filming. 
Microfilm M265. 

Abraham Bell and Co. 
Records. 1821-93. 
3 boxes. 

Abraham Bell and Co. — later Abraham Bell and Sons — was a mercantile 
firm headquartered in New York City and established at least by 1804. 
Most of the material in this collection relates to the Abraham Bell who was 
born in 1813 and who took charge of the family business around 1835. Al- 
though the firm imported and exported a number of commodities, cotton 
seems to have been its mainstay. During the Irish potato famine of the 
1840s, Bell transported thousands of immigrants from Ireland to the United 

Items in the collection (account books, letterpress books, correspondence, 
bills, etc.) provide records of sailing vessels, customers, cargoes, shipments 
of goods, and costs of doing business. Eighteen diaries kept by Abraham 
Bell between 1867 and 1892 document his activities in retirement. In addi- 
tion, there are other Bell family manuscripts. 

Organized into four series: Diaries, Correspondence, Financial Documents, 
and Miscellaneous Family Material. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 194. 

Dozens Collection and Archives 

8. Abstracts of Jamaica wills. 1625-1792. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Abstracted by Vernon I. C. Smith in 1888, the documents in this collection 

summarize the wills of English colonists, all property holders in Jamaica. 

Most individuals were either big planters or successful merchants. 

Contains an introduction, contents summary, and index. 

Original manuscripts located in the British Museum and as part of a series 

entitled British Records Relating to America in Microform. 

Microfilm 1892. 

9. Account and recipe book. 1837-94, bulk 1837-44. 
138 p.; 21 cm. 

Volume is a manuscript account book later used as a scrapbook for recipes. 
Account book records sales and purchases by a cabinet-, coffin-, and basket- 
maker in Nunda, New York, perhaps T. Atwood & Company. First half of 
book contains recipes, both handwritten and clipped from newspapers, 
mostly for cakes and desserts. Other instructions are for household clean- 
Document 142. 

10. Account book. 1694-96. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

The person who kept this volume was a carpenter and windmill builder 
from Scotland. 

Manuscript records framing activities, work on houses and barns, the con- 
struction of enclosures, and the building of windmills. Farm products are 
mentioned, and there are directions for making ink and for preparing me- 
dicinal remedies, including ointment, a cure for scurvy, a preparation to re- 
duce swelling, etc. 
Document 563. 

11. Account book. 1713-28. 
21 p.; 18 cm. 

The keeper of this manuscript was a tailor whose initials were W. M. He 
probably resided in New York or in New England. 

Accounts reflect the work of a tailor, with references to types of clothing 
repaired and cloth and ribbon purchased. Personal accounts are also in- 
Document 271. 

12. Account book. 1717-40. 
46 leaves; 1 1 cm. 

Manuscript kept by the owner of a sawmill at Bartlet's Brook, near Dux- 
bury, Massachusetts. 

10 Gtiiiif lo the Wintertliiir Library 

Entries note the amount of oak, cedar, and spruce timber that was sawed 
into planks and boards and sold to various customers. Mention is also 
made of renovations and other work performed on the mill. 
Document 1077. 

13. Account book. 1739-77, bulk 1739^1. 
6 leaves; 16 cm. 

This brief account book, kept by an unidentified person from an unnamed 
location, records the kinds of fabrics a weaver produced: plaid, wool, tick- 
ing, linings, etc. Entries indicate that the weaver made cloth for both com- 
mercial and household use. 
Document 1045. 

14. Account book. 1752-55. 
27 leaves; 17 cm. 

The unidentified keeper of this manuscript recorded sales at a general store 
in the vicinity of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. A variety of products, in- 
cluding dry goods, food and drink, building materials, etc., is mentioned. 
The shopkeeper occasionally bartered for large quantities of sugar and 
Document 1031. 

15. Account book. 1759-60, 1828-29. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

Volume was kept by a merchant in Bridgewater, Massachusetts, to record 
the sale of a wide variety of products: food, textiles, tea, sugar, nails, spices, 
etc. It was later used to record genealogical data pertaining to Hugh Orr 
and his family. 
Document 758. 

16. Account book. 1765-67. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

This volume appears to have been kept by a blacksmith who was associ- 
ated with an iron forge in Pottstown, Pennsylvania, that was owned by 
Thomas Potts or a member of the Rutter family. 

Manuscript notes blacksmithing activities and sales of iron products. En- 
tries mention shoes, nails, links, hinges, hooks, chains, collars, etc. Agricul- 
tural products and services are also mentioned. 
Document 884. 

17. Account book. 1767-77. 
1 vol.: ill.; 15 cm. 

Manuscript was kept by an unidentified furnituremaker (perhaps Thomas 
Miller or James Allen) who worked in Fredericksburg and Falmouth, Vir- 
ginia, until 1773 and then moved to Orange County. 

Downs Collectioti and Archives 11 

Volume includes mentions of a full range of furniture products: chairs, 
beds, tables, chests, cradles, bookcases, etc. Customers included prominent 
Virginians, such as James Madison. Volume features a sketch of a clock 
case with dimensions. 
Name index available. 
Document 533; Microfilm M933. 

18. Account book. 1784-89. 
1 microfilm reel. 

The keeper of this account book was an unidentified merchant from Wil- 
liamsburg, Virginia. 

Included are accounts related to the sale of a variety of goods: textiles, sew- 
ing supplies, bowls, sugar, saddles, books, knives and forks, brushes, blan- 
kets, etc. 

Original manuscript in private hands at time of filming. 
Microfilm M1401. 

19. Account book. 1789-90. 
186 p.; 14 cm. 

Volume includes references to purchases, remarks on weather and wind 

conditions during a trip to Nantucket in January 1790, and a recipe "for the 

Rumatics." Dartmouth and South Dartmouth, Massachusetts, are both 

mentioned once. 

Writing appears on pages interleaved in Fleet's Pocket Almanack for the Year 

of Our Lord 1789 ... , published in Boston by T. & J. Fleet. 

Document 31. 

20. Account book. 1790-1810. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

An unidentified student from Boston noted his various purchases, includ- 
ing books, paper, sleeve buttons, meals, a ticket to Hingham, etc. In addi- 
tion, he included a record of cash that he received from his father and 
other individuals. 
Document 772. 

21. Account book. 1791-94. 
1 vol.; 42 cm. 

The keeper of this account book was an apothecary who supplied drugs 

and other remedial goods to physicians and individuals aUke. 

In addition to supplying information on the kinds of medicines purchased 

during the last decade of the eighteenth century, this manuscript notes that 

the druggist also inoculated children and bled people. 

Partial name index at front of volume. 

Folio 75. 

22. Account book. 1792-95. 
1 microfilm reel. 

12 Guide to the Wiiiterlluir Lihrciiy 

This manuscript, kept by an unidentified furnituremaker and upholsterer, 
perhaps from London, includes references to furniture, upholstery, carpet- 
ing, and other household furnishings that he supplied to his various cus- 

Original account book located at the Public Record Office in London. 
Microfilm M1415. 

23. Account book. 1803-13. 
1 microfilm reel. 

The unidentified compiler of this account book may have been John Hew- 
itt, a furnituremaker from Savannah, Georgia. 

Accounts relate to furnituremaking and carpentry. There are drawings of 
furniture, including a bookcase and table. 
Name index available. 

Original manuscript located at the New Jersey Historical Society. 
Microfilm M491. 

24. Account book. 1802. 
48 leaves; 20 cm. 

This account book was kept by an anonymous watchmaker and repairer, 
probably from Newburyport, Massachusetts. 

Manuscript contains extensive notes regarding business transactions, 
watches bought, and daily income as well as records of a personal nature. 
Manuscript appears on pages interleaved in Isaiah Vwiiias's Massacliusetts, 
Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire & Vermont Ahnanack . . . 1802, pub- 
lished in 1801 by Thomas in Worcester, Massachusetts. 
Document 6. 

25. Account book. 1804-17. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Ezekiel Whitman, Dexter Beane & Co., and Beane & Chandler were general 
merchants in West Yarmouth, Massachusetts. 

Volume kept in three parts: the first by Ezekiel Whitman, 1804-5; the sec- 
ond by Dexter Beane & Co., 1805-15; and the third by Beane & Chandler, 
1815-17. All parts document a wide range of household products — textiles, 
kitchenwares, cleaning supplies, dressmaking material, etc. — traded by 
these merchants. 
Document 935. 

26. Account book. 1806-22. 
89 leaves; ill.; 33 cm. 

Accounts not only cover farm work and agricultural commodities but also 
include such entries as "to repairing an old spinning wheel," "to a washing 
machine," and "to making one Coffee Mill box." In addition, newspaper 
clippings have been pasted onto thirty-nine of the volume's leaves. Though 

Downs Collectian and Archives 13 

usually of a general nature, some clippings illustrate women's and girls' 
clothing and depict World War I scenes. 
Document 91. 

27. Account book. 1812-16. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

Manuscript was used by a woolenmaker somewhere in New Hampshire. 
Account book records the activities of a wool factory: making cloth, dyeing, 
spinning, dressing cloth, weaving, and carding wool. Frequently men- 
tioned products include broadcloth, flannel, and cotton yarn. 
Document 579. 

28. Account book. 1816-43. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Account book records the debits and credits of a blacksmith from the Bos- 
ton area. Clients included local artisans, most notably William C. Hunne- 
man, a coppersmith. 

Bound with a ledger from Box & Austin, proprietors of a rope yard and 
warehouse in Boston during the 1740s. 
See entry 270. 
Folio 79. 

29. Account book. 1816-46. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

The keeper of this account book operated a brewery, probably in or close to 

Worcester County, Massachusetts. 

Manuscript records the transactions associated with brewing and include 

mention of the raw materials used in the brewing process. 

Document 444. 

30. Account book. 1817-22. 
138 p.; 20 cm. 

Volume contains the accounts of an unidentified cabinetmaker from Stock- 
bridge, Massachusetts, with more than sixty-five of his customers. Entries 
include: "to trundle Bedstid," "to one Beauro," "to Six Citchin Chairs," "to 
one Candle Stand." 

Index to persons and objects named available. 
Document 78. 

31. Account book. 1818-23, 1842-61. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Manuscript records transactions in a hardware store located in Pittsburgh 
and later New Lisbon, Pennsylvania, from 1818 to 1823. Entries made from 
1842 to 1861 are in a different hand and note expenses associated with a 
farm and purchases of household goods. 
Folio 161. 

14 Guide to the Wiiiterthiir Library 

32. Account book. 1820-28. 
1 1 leaves; 34 cm. 

Manuscript documents the activities of an unnamed furnituremaker from 

Strasburg, Virginia. Provenance suggests that the worker may have been 

Peter Smith. 

Items the craftsman made include dining tables, coffins, cradles, pine 

chests, button boxes, beds, brick molds, candle stands, bureaus, etc. He 

made many pieces from walnut. 

Document 1052. 

33. Account book. 1821-28. 
14 leaves; 17 cm. 

This short book includes the personal and business accounts of an un- 
named Massachusetts furnituremaker during much of the 1820s. He made 
tables, work stands, beds, etc., and repaired various items. The maker used 
maple, pine, and birch in much of his work. He supplemented his income 
by taking in boarders, including several African American children, and by 
maintaining a school for the Central School District. 
Document 1047. 

34. Account book. 1825-30. 
148 p.; 42 cm. 

The unidentified keeper of this volume was a saddler, probably from Mas- 

Manuscript volume records working with such products as bridles, whips, 
harnesses, saddles, and trunks in exchange for payment in supplies for his 
business and in cash. 
Folio 96. 

35. Account book. 1826-28. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Book includes an account of goods purchased from the cargo of the brig 
Hercules. Products included cashmere, silk, shawls, hats, shoes, gloves, etc. 
Other entries relate to sales of flour, cheese, peas, beans, and other food 
Document 888. 

36. Account book. 1826-28. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Account book records the activities of a firm of metal molders. Caleb 
Wright was very active in the business and may have been the proprietor. 
Molders made such items as griddles, kettles, pots, ladles, plates, etc. Much 
of the molding was done for Ellis Murdoch & Co. 
Document 288. 

37. Account book. 1827-29, 1864. 
1 vol.; 30 cm. 

Downs Collecliou and Archives 15 

Volume was kept by a carpenter who lived in Plymouth, Vermont. Either L. 
Swain or Abraham Harding may have been the keeper. Whoever he was, 
he probably died in 1829. 

Manuscript records carpentry, wagon work, painting and varnishing, and 
furnituremaking and repair performed by the artisan. References are made 
to purchases of supplies. An executor settled many accounts after Septem- 
ber 1829. In 1864 Thomas F. Hammond used the volume to document his 
auction sales in West Windsor, Vermont. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 726. 

38. Account book. 1829-34. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Manuscript lists millworkers' names, days worked, and the total value of 
each week's work, January 11 -June 8, 1829. There are a few entries for later 
years. Information is recorded in The Workmeu's Account Book on an Easy 
and Economical Plan, published and sold by Theodore Abbot in Boston. 
Document 792. 

39. Account book. 1830-31. 
220 leaves; 39 cm. 

Manuscript contains the accounts of an anonymous hardware merchant in 
or near Boston who dealt in fishing supplies. In addition, leaves 73 through 
139 contain drafts of seven stories or essays on such topics as the havoc 
wreaked by an escaped merino lamb, voting and buying votes, a fishing 
trip taken by two boys, revivals and religion, and women's rights. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Folio 33. 

40. Account book. 1831-32. 
9 p.; 15 cm. 

Brief manuscript records clocks and watches cleaned and repaired by an 
unidentified watchmaker who may have lived in Newburyport, Rhode Is- 
Document 839. 

41. Account book. 1831-35. 
547 p.; 33 cm. 

A general merchant kept this volume, possibly in Ontario, Canada. 
Entries document the sale of a variety of goods: textiles, spices, groceries, 
combs, clothing, pocketknives, bedsteads, etc. Discounts are noted. 
Document 578. 

42. Account book. 1833-34. 
12 leaves; 17 cm. 

16 Guitic to the Wintcrtliur Library 

This unidentified cabinetmaker's account book is from the Manchester, 
New Hampshire, area. The craftsperson who kept it made beds, window 
blinds, chairs, chests, tables, wardrobes, coffins, and clock cases. 
Entries record hours worked for other people as well as time spent on indi- 
vidual furniture pieces. 
Document 1014. 

43. Account book. 1834-37. 
320 p.; 38 cm. 

An unnamed shoemaker and tanner from Canton, New York, kept this ac- 
count book. 

Manuscript records tanning and shoemaking activities and lists supplies of 
the trade. Also mentioned are whips and harnesses, suggesting that the 
keeper engaged in other forms of leatherwork. Volume was later used as a 
Folio 123. 

44. Account book. 1834-46. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Volume contains accounts kept by an unidentified tinsmith and copper- 
smith from either Shenandoah County or Rockingham County, Virginia. 
Most entries supply the date and the customer's amount of indebtedness. 
A few entries mention specific items, such as stew kettles, pipes, cake cut- 
ters, and house gutters. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 164. 

45. Account book. 1840-44. 
70 leaves; 40 cm. 

Volume contains records of an anonymous metalworker that worked in 
Warwick, New York. Book records many of his transactions, including the 
repair of teakettles and stoves, the fabrication of tin pails, and the creation 
of a door for the stove at a school. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Folio 17. 

46. Account book. 1846-48. 
1 vol.; 31 cm. 

Records debits and credits of a Keene, New Hampshire, dealer of stoves, 
kitchenware, general household goods, and metalware. 
Document 252. 

47. Account book. 1847-65. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Includes accounts related to the construction, furnishing, and repair of four 
buildings in Nashua, New Hampshire: the Pearl Street House; a dwelling 

Doiims Collection and Archives 17 

on Olive Street; a new house on Main Street; and a house owned by I. Spal- 
ding. Also included is a menu for the Pearl Street House dated December 
24, 1865. 

Name index available. 
Document 848. 

48. Account book. 1850-58. 
62 p.; 20 cm. 

Whoever kept this volume resided in Foxborough, Massachusetts. 
Manuscript records miscellaneous accounts. Many entries refer to work 
done on a dwelling, including carpentry, masonry, pipe installation, etc. 
Manuscript also notes purchases of supplies for this work. 
Document 589. 

49. Account book. 1852-58. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Records personal financial transactions of an unidentified person living in 

the vicinity of Hanover, Pennsylvania. 

Entries list accrued interest, cash spent, travel expenses, family expenses, 

and bills receivable. No detail accompanies the entries. 

Original manuscript located at the public library in Hanover, Pennsylvania. 

Microfilm M2988. 

50. Account book. 1856. 
1 vol.; 17 cm. 

Volume, kept by an unidentified woman, records expenses for food, coal, 
wood, house repairs, clothing, taxes, travel, and other miscellaneous items. 
Document 901. 

51. Account book. 1857-60. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Book was maintained by an unidentified tinsmith from New Bedford, Mas- 

Manuscript records work identified with tinsmithing as well as transac- 
tions and products associated with a general store. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 644. 

52. Account book. 1859-65. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

An unnamed seamstress maintained this volume. 

Book records such work as making, mending, and finishing skirts, collars, 

frocks, drawers, dresses, and skirts. Includes references to embroidery and 

the making of curtains. 

Document 892. 

18 Gtiiile to the Wiiiterthur Library 

53. Account book. 1861-65. 
16 leaves; 15 cm. 

Manuscript records the activities of a coachmaker. It is unclear where he 


Entries contain the dates of transactions, descriptions of work done, and 

costs. Many different styles of coaches are mentioned. 

Document 994. 

54. Account book. 1866-67. 
67 p.; 34 cm. 

Although the name of the account-book keeper is not known, evidence 
suggests that he was a blacksmith working in either New Haven, Connecti- 
cut, or southern Vermont. 

Book includes the names of customers, work done for them, the date, and 
cost. The smith made shoes, fixed wagons, repaired harnesses, and mended 

Name index at front of volume. 
Bound with a diary. 
See entry 616. 
Document 235. 

55. Account book. 1870-71. 
54 p.; 33 cm. 

The anonymous keeper of this account book operated a sawmill in Lewis- 
town, Pennsylvania. His writings reflect the work of a sawyer. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 618. 

56. Account book. 1872-82. 
1 vol.; 23 cm. 

Consists of personal and household expenses for a New England family. A 
wide range of products and services is documented, including magazine 
subscriptions, life insurance, medicine, articles of clothing, fabrics, clothes 
washing, mending jewelry, etc. 
Document 876. 

57. Account book. 1881-88. 
25 p.; 34 cm. 

Consists of sparse entries in an unidentified hand recording lumber- and 
millwork. Two small pieces of paper are laid in, one of which contains a 
rough sketch for a piece of machinery. 
Document 199. 

58. Account book. 1895-1906. 
139 p.; 32 cm. 

Doivus CoUeclion and Archives 19 

Contains accounts of an unidentified harnessmaker who sold and repaired 
harnesses, bridles, halters, and collars. References made to other books not 
contained within this collection. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 181. 

59. Account books. 1829-33, 1844-50. 
2 vols.; 32 cm. 

These volumes were kept by an unidentified blacksmith in or near Lancas- 
ter County, Pennsylvania. 

The debits and credits recorded in this volume note such work as making 
and repairing farm tools, wheels, and horseshoes. Text is in Pennsylvania 
German dialect. 
Document 666. 

60. Account ledger. 1812. 
20 p.; 20 cm. 

The keeper of these pages was a furnituremaker or dealer from New En- 

Ledger contains lists of pieces of furniture (candle stands, bureaus, book- 
cases, chairs, washstands, etc.), woods, veneers, and varnishes. One page 
contains entries with names of customers and details of their accounts. 
Ledger represents only a fragment of a larger manuscript. 
Document 259. 

61. Account of cloth wove, yarn spun, and cost of labor. 1856-58. 
96 p.; 17 cm. 

Record keeper and place of origin unknown. 

Contains weekly labor costs for preparing, spinning, dressing, and weaving 
cloth. A typical week's labor would cost around $1,950. There are also fig- 
ures for yards spun, boxes spooled, beams warped, and cuts dressed. 
Document 229. 

62. Accounts and receipts. 1759-79. 
27 items. 

Accounts and receipts of several Newbury and Newburyport, Massachu- 
setts, joiners, including Joseph Rolfe and William and Paul Gerrish. 
Manuscripts record carpentry done on ships: building and repairing rails, 
planks, window frames, doors, etc. Mention is also made of finishing 
rooms and making coffins and clock cases. 
Document 292. 

63. Acme White Lead & Color Works. 
Trade cards. Ca. 1890. 

41 items: ill.; 8x6 cm. 

20 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Lihrnry 

The Acme White Lead & Color Works, maker of Neal's enamels, was lo- 
cated in Detroit, Michigan. 

Cards in collection depict different kinds of furniture and other domestic 
objects that could be decorated with the firm's paints, including tables, a 
refrigerator, chairs, beds, embroidering frames, etc. 
Collection 312. 

64. Adam, Robert, 1728-92. 
Architectural drawings. Ca. 1775-90. 
12 microfilm reels. 

Robert Adam was from a family of architects. He studied at Edinburgh 
University, traveled to Rome during the 1750s, and made his reputation as 
a classical architect. Active almost until his death, Adam designed thirty- 
three buildings in 1791. Adam was also a landscape painter. 
Drawings are for both private and public buildings and their furnishings. 
Most were located in Great Britain, although a few were in Rome. 
Finding aid available. 

Original drawings located at Sir John Soane's Museum, London. 
Microfilm M210-M218, M222-M224. 

65. Adams, Charles E., 1856-? 
Diary. 1886-91. 

4 vols.: ill.; 21 cm. 

Charles E. Adams was a woodcarver who worked throughout New En- 
gland. His home base appears to have been Boston. 
In his diary Adams recorded his work on the Loring-Emmerton House in 
Salem, Massachusetts; business dealings in Providence, Rhode Island; in- 
volvement in his union; and educational activities. As a student of art, 
Adams studied drawing under George Hartnell Bartlett, modeled clay, cast 
figures in plaster, and helped an uncle design a dwelling and public build- 
ings. He wrote of his admiration for the work of Luigi Frullini, an Italian 
known for his carvings in the Renaissance style. 
Document 258. 

66. Adams, Charlotte. 

Berlin woolwork patterns, 18—. 

12 patterns, mounted; 60 cm. 

Consists of floral patterns of four German printers — Louis Gliier Konigl. 

Hofmaler u. akademischer Kiinstler, Griinthals Verlag, Hertz & Wegener, 

and A. Todt — for Berlin woolwork embroidery. The patterns are hand 

painted in opaque watercolor on printed card stock. 

Collection 3. 

67. Adams, Josiah. 

The game of kings. 1845. 
1 deck of cards: ill.; 10 cm. 

Dozviis CoUectiou and Archives 21 

Josiah Adams ran a publishing business at Brick Church Chapel opposite 
City Hall in New York City. He engaged William Van Norden to print this 

Consisting of thirty-eight cards plus an instruction booklet, this is an edu- 
cational game of cards that "comprise a brief history of the English mon- 
archs, from the Conquest to the present time, with an engraved figure of 
Document 62. 

68. Adams, Josiah. 

The new world: a game of American history from discovery to James K. 

Polk. 1845. 

1 deck of cards: ill.; 10 cm. 

Josiah Adams ran a publishing business at Brick Church Chapel opposite 

City Hall in New York City 

Half of the forty cards in this game feature depictions of famous people in 

American history and the other half feature questions and answers relating 

to the individuals. The object of the game is to match a text card with its 

illustrative companion. 

Collection 220. 

69. Adams, Julia. 

Letter book. 1819-35, bulk 1819-25. 
112 p.; 20 cm. 

Julia Adams taught school in Dedham and Medfield in her native state of 
Massachusetts and later in New York City. 

Consists of copies of about forty letters, many to Sarah Ellis, describing 
Adams's experiences teaching school, religious and social conditions in 
New York City, temperance activities, the Peale Museum, her reading inter- 
ests, an encounter she had wath missionaries about to leave for Jerusalem, 
and an 1819 meeting with some Hawaiian natives who were about to re- 
turn home accompanied by religious missionaries. 
Document 131. 

70. Adee & Schell. 

Daybook. 1835-39, bulk 1836. 
99 leaves; 33 cm. 

Adee & Schell sold textiles from a store at 242 Pearl Street, New York City. 
Contains daily entries for sales of textiles. Because most purchases were for 
large quantities of material and were made by companies, Adee & Schell 
was probably a wholesaler. Records end abruptly on August 24, 1836, with 
a note saying, "Transferred to Rich. Schell's Book." Remaining entries refer 
to his financial affairs. 
Document 93. 

22 Guide to the Wiuterlhur Library 

71. Advertisements. 1740-1900. 
7 boxes: ill. (some col.) 

This artificial and open collection contains printed broadsides, brochures, 
posters, and other advertising material, the majority of which was pro- 
duced during the nineteenth century in New England and the Middle At- 
lantic states. The most numerous advertisements are for furniture, clothing 
and dress, pottery and glassware, and booksellers/stationers. The many il- 
lustrations depict products, mechanical designs, costumes, ethnic groups, 
commercial architecture, and domestic scenes. 

Finding aid available listing the advertiser's name, address, date, subject, 
items advertised, and a brief description of the document. 
Collection 214. 

72. Advertisements for hair and hair supplies. 1859-79. 
26 items: ill. 

Collection features price lists, letters, bills, and advertising matter on the 
importation and sale of hair and grooming supplies. Included are items on 
wigs, hand mirrors, curling irons, brass combs, the making of human hair 
goods, etc. Also present is a German periodical containing five articles on 
hair. Material included from firms operated by Leon Pelleray of Paris and 
C. E. Hartung of New York City. 

Finding aid available containing translations of French and German lan- 
guage material. 
Collection 190. 

73. Akin, Bartholomew. 

Account books. 1771-75, bulk 1775-1800. 

2 vols.; 40 cm. or smaller. 

Bartholomew Akin was a furnituremaker and joiner. In 1771 he lived in 

Dartmouth, Massachusetts; by 1790 he had moved to nearby New Bedford. 

Volumes document Akin's activities as a furnituremaker, mentioning such 

products as beds, chests, tables, chairs, cupboards, and sinks. To make a 

living, he also framed houses, laid shingles, built looms, did ship carpentry, 

and performed other woodworking tasks. 

Partial name index in one of the volumes. 

Folio 118. 

74. Albany County Agricultural Society. 
Papers. 1793-1819. 

11 items. 

Collection consists chiefly of bills addressed to the Albany County Agricul- 
tural Society for beer, pipes, tobacco, candles, doorkeeping services, the 
publication of notices, the engraving of certificates, and the making of 
plows. A certificate of membership addressed to John Lamb includes an 
engraving of farm animals and various agricultural implements. 
Collection 490. 

Downs Collection and Archives 23 

75. Albright, Henry Janes, 1887-1951. 

Photographs and ephemera. 1914-50. 

38 items: ill. 

Henry Janes Albright was a sculptor, painter, designer, and educator who 

worked chiefly in Albany, New York. He attended the Art Students League 

in New York City and the Emma Willard Art School in Troy, New York. 

Albright became an instructor and later directed the Art Institute in Troy, 

New York. He exhibited widely. 

Collection consists of twenty-seven photographs of items that Albright 

crafted, principally plates and vases. The ephemera relate to his career and 

include a clipping about the sale of his work and a copy of a catalogue 

from the Emma Willard Art School. 

Collection 128. 

76. Albro, Lydia A. 

Family papers. 1842-1905. 
350 items. 

Collection relates to the Albro and Allen families of Basking Ridge, New 
Jersey. Family member Lydia A. Albro generated most of the manuscripts. 
Members of the Albro family established Albro & Bros., an importing firm 
located in New York City that dealt in teas, coffees, wines, spices, and 
other fancy goods. 

Included in these papers are records of household expenses and local taxes, 
letters, photographs, and envelopes. Most of the collection consists of re- 
ceipted bills, mainly on invoices with printed vignettes, that record Lydia 
A. Albro's household expenditures from the 1870s into the twentieth cen- 
tury. Some came from the family business, although most are from local 
merchants and New York City stores. The earliest manuscript in the collec- 
tion is a bill for Lydia's schooling. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 236. 

77. Albu, Solomon. 

Improvements in the manufacture of mouldings and frames for decorative 
purposes. 1884. 
2 leaves: ill.; 30 cm. 

Solomon Albu was a carpenter who worked in Goodman's Fields, Middle- 
sex County, England. 

Item is a copy of English patent 4098, given in 1884 to Albu for a new type 
of molding that featured a covering of fabric. Several illustrations accom- 
pany the text, and there is a letter from Albu concerning one of the draw- 
Document 1084. 

24 Guide to the Winterthur Libran/ 

78. Album. Ca. 1810-65. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 20 cm. 

Contains twenty engravings and hand-colored lithographs of buildings and 

other structures located in and around New York City, including Tammany 

Hall, Harlem Bridge, and a lighthouse on Sand's Point. In addition there 

are a few landscapes, marine views, and a street scene depicting a brewery 

and grocery store. 

Document 473. 

79. Album. After 1825. 
1 vol.; 25 cm. 

This volume was kept by someone who resided in or near Wilmington, 

Includes poems that often address themes of friendship, religion, and hu- 
man emotions. 
Document 584. 

80. Album. Ca. 1840s. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 20 cm. 

Volume, on the cover of which is printed "Flower Tokens," contains six 

hand-colored flower prints; twenty-two paintings of flowers; and pencil 

sketches that depict buildings, trees, and sailboats. One sketch bears the 

date 1847. 

Document 369. 

81. Album. Ca. 1845-55. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 30 cm. 

Album contains 198 images on 129 sheets of French candy wrappers that 
depict a wide variety of subjects, including transportation, scenery, ani- 
mals, and historical and fictional people. Sheets are probably printer's 
proofs. French-language captions appear on some of the items. 
Familiarly known as French candy-wrappers collection. 
Document 18. 

82. Album. 1887-93. 
1 vol.; 35 cm. 

An eight-paneled salesman's sample album into which have been pasted 
twenty-seven cards, mostly illustrated with bird portraits. Fourteen are 
copyrighted by G. E. Marsh & Co. Also included are a valentine from L. 
Prang & Co. and two cards from Church & Co. 
Document 176. 

83. Album. 1894. 

15 leaves: col. ill.; 36 cm. 

Volume was originally designed for valentine and other greeting cards 

published by the L. Prang Company of Boston. More than fifty cards are 

Doums CoUeclioit ami Archives 25 

included from various publishers, including the American Valentine Co., 
Raphael Tuck & Sons, Charles Magnus, and Mansell. The album also con- 
tains a copy of "The Valentine," an article that appeared in Harper's Weekly 
on February 17, 1872. 
Folio 29. 

84. Album. 18957-1929? 
50 p.: ill.; 26 x 35 cm. 

Volume contains photographs and pictures of French, German, and Italian 
lighting fixtures and lamp shades. Some are numbered and priced as in 
Folio 11. 

85. Album of knitting, crocheting, and tatting instructions. 1832-88. 
118 p.; 9 cm. 

Volume includes instructions for making stockings, socks, shawls, baby 
clothes and shoes, bags, sofa cushions, a bed rest, etc. Album features 
twenty-two worked samples and a page depicting various stitches. Some of 
the instructions have women's names next to them. The name Rosa Mary 
is written lightly on the first leaf, but her last name is not decipherable. 
Document 219. 

86. Aldrich, Thomas. 
Daybook. 1826-27. 
358 p.; 32 cm. 

Thomas Aldrich was an accountant for the wholesale grocers Arnold & 

Davenport, Providence, Rhode Island. 

Manuscript records the daily transactions of the Arnold & Davenport store. 

Each entry notes a customer name, descriptions of items and the prices at 

which they were purchased, debits and credits, and a corresponding ledger 


Folio 303. 

87. Alger, G. 
Drawings. 1938. 
7 items: col. ill. 

G. Alger seems to have been a member of an art league. 
Drawings show different depictions of a female saint, perhaps to be used 
as guides for decorating church windows. One drawing is fully colored, 
and the other drawings provide color samples to guide artists' work 
Collection 353. 

88. Allabach family. 
Scrapbook. Ca. 1870s. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 22 cm. 

26 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Libraiy 

The Allabach children, compilers of this scrapbook, lived in Lancaster, 
Pennsylvania. Their father served as a soldier during the Civil War. 
Scrapbook includes chromolithographed scraps, calling cards, cigar labels, 
and the trade cards of painter Edwin Bookmyer and Thomae's millinery es- 
tablishment in Lancaster. 
Document 957. 

89. Allen, Amos Denison, 1774-1855. 
Memorandum (order) book. 1796-1803. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Amos Denison Allen was a furnituremaker from Windham, Connecticut. 

Manuscript provides information concerning the painting of Windsor 

chairs and the upholstering of seats as well as general information about 


Original book located at the Connecticut Historical Society. 

Microfilm M2834.1. 

90. Allen, George M. 
Diary. 1884. 

120 p.; 15 cm. 

George M. Allen worked as a typesetter and lived in Fort Plain, New York. 
He set type for two local papers. The Fairfield Herald and The Argtis. He ac- 
cepted additional typesetting assignments as well. 
Diary includes references to Allen's printing endeavors, social life, 
thoughts on local affairs, the presidential election of 1884, etc. There are 
also records of Allen's personal expenses. 
Document 229. 

91. Allgaier, John. 

Business records. Ca. 1870- 89. 
282 items: ill. (some col.) 

John Allgaier was a carriagemaker in Philadelphia. 
Collection includes hand-colored drawings, pencil sketches, and photo- 
graphs of various carriages as well as other materials related to Allgaier's 
business. Some of the illustrations bear numbers, suggesting some unifor- 
mity among carriagemakers. 
Collection 225. 

92. Allgates (estate). 
Photographs. Ca. 1929-36. 

49 photographs + 1 map; 8' x 10' or smaller. 

Horatio Gates Lloyd and his wife, Mary Helen Wingate Lloyd, called their 
Haverford, Pennsylvania, estate Allgates. Lloyd (1867-1937) held two law 
degrees from the University of Pennsylvania and worked for the Philadel- 
phia Trust Co., Philadelphia Electric Co., and Bell Telephone. He was also a 
partner at J. P. Morgan Associates. 

Dmvus Collection and Archives 27 

Collection includes forty-nine black and white photos of the AUgates man- 
sion and its grounds and outbuildings, portraits of Mrs. Lloyd, botanical 
illustrations, a photo of Mrs. Lloyd's bookplate, etc. Mattie Edwards and 
Samuel H. Gottscho took some photos. Lester H. Sellers drew the map of 
the estate. 
Collection 222. 

93. Ailing, David, 1773-1855. 
Account books. Ca. 1803-56. 
2 microfilm reels. 

David Ailing was a chairmaker in Newark, New Jersey. He probably 
learned the trade from his father, who had established his own shop dur- 
ing the 1790s. Ailing produced chairs in large quantities, satisfying local as 
well as regional, southern, and Latin American clienteles. 
Manuscripts include receipt and account books for most of Alling's work- 
ing life and records related to the settlement of his estate. 
Originals at the New Jersey Historical Society. 
Microfilm M3n-M31 2. 

94. Allston, Washington, 1779-1843. 
Papers. 1818-^3. 

1 folder + 2 microfilm reels. 

Washington Allston was an American painter of portraits and historical, re- 
ligious, and allegorical subjects. He graduated from Harvard College in 
1800 and then studied art in Europe. Although Allston produced few 
works in the last twenty-five years of his life, he influenced several fellow 

Microfilm material in this collection includes letters to and from artists 
James McMurtrie and Horatio Greenough along with notes on philosophi- 
cal subjects, a poem, and a fable. Folder includes two more letters from All- 
ston to McMurtrie and scrapbook pages with an obituary of Allston and an 
article on Allston by a Mrs. Jameson. In addition, there is a book by Allston 
called Mouohii, which McMurtrie owned and in which Allston did two 

Microfilmed originals located at the Massachusetts Historical Society. 
Collection 438; Microfilm M313, M366. 

95. Althin, Olof, 1859-1920. 
Papers. 1866-1920. 

10 cu. ft.: ill. (some col.) 

Olof Althin was a Swedish-born furnituremaken He hailed from Nobbelov 
in the Skane region of southern Sweden and received early training in his 
craft in Sinrishamn. Althin immigrated to the United States in 1881 and 
settled in Boston. He worked for several furnituremaking firms before 
starting his own business around 1886. Althin worked out of several loca- 
tions in Boston before retiring in 1920. 

28 Guide to the Wiiitertlitir Library 

Papers include Olof Althin's business records. Included are about 700 bills, 

1,000 canceled checks, more than 50 glass-plate negatives, approximately 

150 large- and 60 small-scale drawings, 80 photographs, a manuscript 

about designing furniture written by Althin, miscellaneous letters, account 

books, etc. 

Finding aid available. 

Collection 426. 

96. Ambrose, Nathaniel. 
Daybook. 1811. 

86 p.; 20 cm. 

Nathaniel Ambrose owned a general store in Concord, New Hampshire. 

Daybook records daily transactions, including many references to ceramics. 

Other goods mentioned are food, cloth, tobacco, tea, etc. Many customers 

received credit for butter that they brought to Ambrose. 

Document 560. 

97. American Art Works. 

Cut-out of a Dead wood coach. 1896. 

1 sheet (uncut): col. ill. 

Sheet includes the different parts of a Deadwood stagecoach that, when cut 

out and assembled, form the three-dimensional vehicle. A small picture 

shows the completed coach. The sheet was printed to accompany the June 

7, 1896, edition of the Philndelphia Press. 

Collection 220. 

98. American Ceramic Arts Society. 
Records. 1983-91. 

4 boxes. 

The American Ceramic Arts Society was established on January 11, 1983, 
by a number of American art pottery enthusiasts to broaden their knowl- 
edge of ceramics. Members included collectors, dealers, and museums. The 
society organized lectures and exhibitions and issued catalogues. 
Collection consists of the archives of the society and includes manuscript 
and typed and printed materials relating to its eight-year existence. 
Reference books and catalogues maintained by the society transferred to 
Winterthur Printed Book and Periodical Collection. 
Collection 255. 

99. American Institute of the City of New York. 
Membership applications. 1842-43. 

73 items. 

The American Institute promoted industrial education and sponsored an 
annual exhibition to display technological innovations. The institute also 
maintained a library for its members and eventually published a catalogue 
of its holdings. 

Daums Collection ami Archives 29 

Applications were generally made by filling out a standard form that in- 
cluded the name of the applicant and his sponsor as well as the applicant's 
address, occupation, and signature. Members represented a wide range of 
occupations, including accountants, attorneys, clerks, craftsmen, tavern- 
keepers, shipbuilders, etc. 
Index of appUcants available. 
Document 306. 

100. American lottery tickets collection. 1758-1821. 
41 items. 

Tickets show a number of typefaces and printed borders. One was signed 
in 1765 by John Hancock, another in 1768 by George Washington. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 79. 

101. American Philosophical Society. 
Communications. 1786-1809. 

1 microfilm reel. 

The American Philosophical Society was established in Philadelphia in 
1743. Today it is an institution that encourages scholarship related to the 
history of science and American life through 1840. Noted American colo- 
nists led the society in its earliest years. 

The records on this microfilm reel contain writings, sketches, and technical 
drawings of household goods and mechanical devices, such as implements 
for chimney cleaning, street lamps, chairs, and boat paddles. 
Summary of contents available. 

Further discussed in Guide to the Archives and Manuscript Collections of the 
American Philosophical Society, written by Whitfield J. Bell and Murphy D. 
Smith, published by the society in 1966. 
Microfilm M839. 

102. American silver teaspoons in the George Cutten Collection. Ca. 1948-68. 
15 p.; 28 cm. 

George B. Cutten, president of Colgate University during the 1930s and 

1940s, was an avid collector and scholar of American silver, especially 


Pages contain an inventory of more than eleven hundred American-made 

silver teaspoons in Cutten's collection dating from 1699 to 1810. Inventory 

includes makers' names, dates of activity, places of business, and markings. 

Variations in patterns, such as drop leaf, rat tail, and feather edge are 


Document 1016. 

103. American Thread Co. 
Embroidery threads. Ca. 1920s. 
100 items. 

30 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Library 

Consists of examples of cotton embroidery threads manufactured for the 
Star Brands Products Hne by the American Thread Co. of Fall River, Massa- 
chusetts. Included are a variety of colored threads in original paper wrap- 
pers and contained within a box that features the firm's advertising. 
Collection 342. 

104. Ames, Kenneth L. 
Postcard collection. 1907-15. 
49 cards: col. ill. 

Consists of color postcards, both used and unused, printed in the United 
States, Germany, and England. Included are ten birthday, eleven Christmas, 
eleven Easter, and nine New Year's greeting cards. Some cards feature em- 
bossed designs. 
Document 87. 

105. Ames, Thomas. 
Account book. 1887-90. 
110 p.; 35 cm. 

Thomas Ames operated a music and stationery store in Norristown, Penn- 

The volume records a variety of goods sold by Ames, including music and 
stationery, books, cards, school supplies, inkstands, gold pens, albums, 
ledgers, and slate boards. 
Document 943. 

106. Anderson, James. 
Ledgers. 1778-98. 
1 microfilm reel. 

James Anderson worked as a blacksmith in Williamsburg and Richmond, 
Virginia. He also served as a public armorer and captain of the Company 
of Artifices. Anderson's son, Robert, was also a blacksmith. 
Ledgers record the blacksmithing activities of both James and Robert An- 
derson. Customers included prominent Virginians, such as Thomas Jeffer- 
son and Edmund Randolph. 
Name indexes available. 

Original volumes located at the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Library. 
Microfilm M2997. 

107. Anderson, Marion French. 

Scrapbook of wallpaper samples. Ca. 1840-1910. 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Volume includes wallpaper samples (both rolls and remnants) taken from 

the home of Samuel Russell of Penfield Hill, Connecticut. Volume notes the 

names of some makers of wallpaper. 

Folio 70. 

Dmvns Collection and Archives 31 

108. Andrew Clow & Co. 
Records. 1784-95. 
40 items. 

The Philadelphia mercantile firm of Andrew Clow & Co. was most active 
in the years immediately following the Revolutionary War. It conducted 
trade in European countries, the West Indies, and in American coastal 
ports. Clow exported flour, grain, sugar, tobacco, and other commodities 
and imported textiles and cutlery from Great Britain; wine and brandy 
from France; and wine, raisins, and almonds from Spain. Both Andrew 
Clow and his partner, David Cay, died of yellow fever in 1793. 
Collection consists of letters, invoices, bills, and other materials related to 
the importation of goods from Great Britain. Additional material includes 
information about textiles and consumer demand. 

Related material is located in five other repositories: Hagley Museum and 
Library, the Special Collections Department of the Eisenhower Library at 
Johns Hopkins University, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Baker 
Library of Harvard Business School, and the New- York Historical Society. 
See entry 2080. 
Collection 363. 

109. Andrews, Joseph, 1806-73. 
Papers. 1835-68. 

2 vols. 

Joseph Andrews was a native of Hingham, Massachusetts, and an engraver 
by trade. He served his apprenticeship under Abel Brower of Boston and 
then worked for William Hoogland. He studied in Europe and eventually 
became a portrait engraver. Andrews left the profession in the 1850s to es- 
cape what he perceived to be increased commercialization; instead, he em- 
braced the Swedenborgian sect and devoted himself to religious writing. 
One volume is a journal that Andrews kept during a trip to London and 
Paris. He made frequent comments about the manners and customs of the 
English, wrote about the training he received from engraver Joseph Good- 
year, and recorded his involvement in London's community of artists. An- 
drews also recorded his experiences in Paris. The other volume is an auto- 
biographical sketch detailing Andrews's conversion to the Swedenborgian 

Journal used for Joseph Andrezos: Engraver and Szoedenborgian Spokesman, by 
Nancy Carlson Schrock (Master's thesis. University of Delaware, 1977). 
Typescripts available. 
Collection 273. 

110. Andrews, Julia B. 
Weaving book. Ca. 1900. 
19 p.; 22 cm. 

Julia B. Andrews was affiliated with the Kindergarten Training School, 
whose location is unknown. 

32 Guide to the Wiiiterthiir Libn 


Volume contains nineteen accordion boards, each with a different paper 
pattern for weaving. 
Document 205. 

111. Andrus, George. 
Daybook. 1810-13, 1817-27. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

George Andrus lived in Ellisburg and then Adams, New York. He ran a 
store in which he sold fabric and textile products, and he farmed. In 1819 
Andrus served as commissioner of deeds for Jefferson County, New York. 
Daybook consists of two parts. The first part, dating from 1810 to 1813, 
records Andrus's sales of fabrics and textile products and other activities 
associated with his store. The second part, dating from 1817 to 1827, is a 
record of his agricultural work and legal services as well as the sale of fab- 
Folio 239. 

112. Angell, J. H. 
Daybook. 1840-54. 
240 p.; 21 cm. 

J. H. Angell sold stoves, probably in Providence, Rhode Island. 
Daybook includes names of customers, their addresses, and the types and 
costs of stoves they purchased. A few returns are noted. The variety of 
stoves sold includes New Era, Gothic Air Tight, McGregor, Fancy Franklin, 
and Albany. 
Document 204. 

113. Angevine, George. 
Copybook. 1855. 
18 p.; 19 cm. 

Consists of handwriting exercises done by George Angevine of New York. 
The front cover is illustrated with a ship, and the back cover is illustrated 
with a building. 
Document 825. 

114. Annin, William B., 17917-1839. 
Engravings. 1817-19. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 26 cm. 

William B. Annin was an engraver from Boston best known for portraits, 
views, and maps. His career began around 1813. By 1820 he was a partner 
in the firm of Annin & Smith. 

Volume contains thirty-two proofs of engravings of a variety of plants for 
American Medical Botani/, a three-volume work compiled by Jacob Bigelow. 
Forty plates were eventually produced. In 1819 Annin presented this vol- 
ume to John R. Penniman, an ornamental furniture painter. 
Document 431. 

Downs Collection and Archives 33 

115. Appraisal Affiliates, Inc. 

Appraisal of property of Mr. and Mrs. Edgar A. Eyre, 760 Park Ave., New 
York City, 1952. 
2 vols.; 29 cm. 

Volumes contain room-by-room inventories of the contents of the Eyres' 
primary residence in New York City and their second home in Southamp- 
ton, Long Island. Many pieces of antique furniture, porcelain, silver, and 
art objects are listed. Inventories include appraisals of replacement and de- 
preciated values for each item listed. 
Volumes contain "Index" and "Summary" sections. 
Document 56. 

116. Appraisal of the estate of Daniel Webster. 1852. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Daniel Webster's (1782-1852) long and distinguished political career in- 
cluded service as an attorney, member of Congress, presidential contender, 
and Secretary of State. 

Dated December 14, 1852, this apparently complete appraisal relates to 
Webster's Green Harbor Farm in Marshfield, Massachusetts. 
Original document in private hands at time of filming. 
Microfilm Ml 85. 

117. Arbuckle Bros. 
Trade cards. 1889-93. 

88 items: col. ill.; 8x13 cm. 

Arbuckle Bros., based in New York City, sold coffee beans for home con- 

Trade cards circulated in packages of coffee were to be collected as sets. 
Cards featured themes, such as a trip around the world, sports and 
pastimes of various nations, industrial activities and scenery from different 
countries, the history of the United States, and maps of American states. 
The lithographer's name and date of publication often appear on the cards. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 124. 

118. Arcadia Cut Glass Co. 
Records. 1902. 

44 items. 

The Arcadia Cut Glass Co. of Newark, New Jersey, manufactured and sup- 
plied plain and decorative glassware to retail outlets. Evidence suggests 
that the firm was established in 1901. 

Collection includes thirty-five letters written by the company manager, 
C. L. B. Tylee, to one of the company's salesmen, O. B. Greene, that detail 
the firm's business difficulties. Associated manuscripts and ephemera are 
also available. 
Collection 173. 

34 Guide to the Wiutertlutr Library 

119. Architectural drawings. Ca. 1830s. 
1 vol.: ill.; 28 cm. 

Includes elevations and floor plans for three two-story dwellings, a roofing 
plan, and a page illustrating four garden buildings. Drawings were discov- 
ered in M. C. Ewing's copy of Practical Masowy, Bricklaying, and Plastering 
. . . , written by Thomas Kelly and published in London in 1834. 
Document 914. 

120. Architectural drawings and prints. 1748-1901. 
8 boxes + 1 drawer: ill. (some col.) 

This artificial (and still open) collection consists of hand-drawn, painted, 
engraved, and lithographed illustrations of architectural structures, such as 
public, commercial, and farm buildings; private homes; churches; schools; 
factories; and prisons. Scale drawings, building facades, room layouts, ele- 
vations, engineering plans, and buildings in landscape settings are all pres- 
ent. Almost all of the structures represented are located on the East Coast 
of the United States, primarily in the New York, Boston, and Philadelphia 
areas. The majority are from the mid nineteenth century. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 210. 

121. Arthur family. 

The Arthur diary: the history of a farm on the Hudson River near Fishkill, 
N. York. 1804-5. 
218 p.; 20 cm. 

Volume was kept by an unnamed member of the Arthur family of farmers 
from Dutchess County, New York. John Arthur, whose name is in the 1800 
Federal census and who was a church warden and member of the Franklin 
Union Society, may have been the diarist. 

Diary records the routine activities of a family engaged in agriculture: hay- 
ing, boarding stock, selling farm goods, maintaining equipment, etc. Also 
mentioned are what appear to be sales of slaves. 
Document 340. 

122, Ashbridge, George, 1850-? 
Account book. 1864-71. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

George Ashbridge was born in West Whiteland, Pennsylvania, and gradu- 
ated from Haverford College. From 1871 to 1872, he studied in Germany at 
the University of Berlin and attended law school at the University of Penn- 
sylvania from 1880 to 1882. As an adult, he wrote articles on stock breed- 
ing, cricket, and public issues. He was a fellow of the American Geographi- 
cal Association and a member of a cricket club in Merion, Pennsylvania. 

Dazims Collection and Archives 35 

Manuscript records Ashbridge's personal expenses while a student at Hav- 
erford. He received money from his father and other family members and 
spent his allowance on such things as books, billiards, skating, a cricket 
bat, and tickets to events at the Academy of Music in Philadelphia. 
Document 870. 

123. Ashhurst family. 

Bills and receipts. 1806-60. 

142 items. 

Members of the Ashhurst family were merchants in Philadelphia. 

Includes bills and receipts relating to personal and business purchases 

made by members of the Ashhurst family, including Richard (1784-1861), 

John (1809-92), William, and representatives of Richard Ashhurst & Sons. 

Collection 290. 

124. Ashton, H. S. 
Account book. 1810-11. 
1 vol.; 17 cm. 

H. S. Ashton was a furnituremaker in Philadelphia. 

Manuscript lists pieces of furniture that Ashton made and repaired and in- 
cludes names of his customers and the prices they paid. He worked on 
beds, tables, chairs, coffins, etc. 
Document 509. 

125. Ashton family. 

Papers. 1708-1860, bulk 1790-1804. 
400 items. 

This collection contains information about Isaac and Elizabeth Ashton of 
Philadelphia and their descendants. Two of their sons, Isaac and Samuel, 
were furnituremakers whose business seems to have peaked during the 
1790s. Another son, John, was a tailor. 

Collection includes a variety of manuscript materials recording business 
transactions and includes account books, bills, miscellaneous accounts, re- 
ceipts, and orders. These items provide insight into furniture production, 
relationships between journeymen and masters, local buyers, sources of 
supplies, and related matters. Other papers relate to family affairs and in- 
clude real-estate records, bankruptcy proceedings, purchases for the house- 
hold, lawsuits, and promissory payments. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 263. 

126. Aspril family. 
Records. 1842-1927. 
12 vols.; 40 cm 

36 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Libmnf 

The Leonard V. Aspril family lived in Odessa (earlier called Cantwell's 
Bridge), Delaware. Leonard Aspril Sr. and Leonard Aspril Jr. operated a 
blacksmithing business. 

Records consist of accounts related to blacksmithing. Most of the twelve 
volumes are account ledgers, though two are daybooks, and one, called the 
"Bought Ledger," records purchases made for the business and pay 
Collection 38. 

127. Association of the watch-makers, silversmiths, and jewelers of Nashville. 
Price book. 1836. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Manuscript includes the minutes of the association's meetings and lists 

prices established by the group for the various kinds of work its members 

performed. The price book may have belonged to Nashville silversmith 

John Campbell, born 1803. 

Microfilm M2709. 

128. Atlantic Card Co. 

Sample book showing 30 latest visiting cards. Ca. 1880s. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 13 cm. 

Includes thirty designs for hidden name cards. Each card contained a flap 

ornamented with a floral design under which a person's name was printed. 

On the back cover is a description of how to use the sample book to sell 


Document 807. 

129. Atwood, Zaccheus. 
Account book. 1791-1827. 
318 p.; 31 cm. 

Zaccheus Atwood was a weaver in Barre, Massachusetts. 

The activities that Atwood recorded in his account book include trimming 

clothes; dressing cloth; and making blankets, fabric, and gloves. Farm work 

is also mentioned. 

Name index at front of volume. 

Document 526. 

130. Auction record book. 1831-36. 
27 leaves; 30 cm. 

Manuscript contains records of auctions of property belonging to twenty- 
five individuals in Lancaster and Royalston, Massachusetts, between March 
7, 1831, and January 2, 1836. Clothing, household goods, farm implements, 
animals, books, and other items were sold. Buyer, item, and price are cus- 
tomarily mentioned. 

List of people whose property was sold is available. 
Document 26. 

Downs Collection and Archives 37 

131. Audubon, John James, 1785-1851. 
Letters. 1821, 1836, 1840. 

3 items. 

John James Audubon was a painter and ornithologist. Early in his career, 
he tried to earn a living as a portrait painter and art teacher in New Or- 
leans, Louisiana. After 1820 he shifted his focus, painting and writing 
about birds and animals. From 1832 until his death, Audubon was assisted 
in his work by his two sons, Victor Gifford and John Woodhouse Audubon. 
He is best known for his Birds of America, Quadrupeds of America, and Orni- 
thological Biographies. 

In an 1821 letter, Audubon describes his life in New Orleans and his keen 
interest in moving ahead with his bird drawings. His 1836 letter relates to a 
volume Audubon calls Fauna Italico .... In 1840 Audubon wrote to his son 
Victor while visiting John Bachman in Charleston, South Carolina, record- 
ing fifty-eight subscribers to his Birds of America, noting family matters, and 
giving details of his forthcoming itinerary. Bachman also wrote some of 
this letter, discussing Mrs. John Woodhouse Audubon, his grandchildren, 
and John Woodhouse's painting. 
Collection 170. 

132. Audubon, Mary Eliza Bachman, 1818-41. 

The friendly repository and keepsake of Mary Eliza Bachman. 1831-39. 
277 p.: ill. (some col.) ; 21 cm. 

Mary Eliza Bachman's father, the Rev. John Bachman, collaborated with 
American artist John James Audubon to produce his Birds of America. Au- 
dubon lived with the Bachman family during research trips in 1831 and 
1833. Mary Eliza married one of Audubon's sons, Victor Gifford Audubon. 
Her sister, Maria, married Audubon's other son, John Woodhouse Audu- 

Volume contains poetry copied by Mary Eliza as well as writings and 
drawings done by friends. George Lehman and Edward A. Leitner, assis- 
tants of John James Audubon, contributed drawings. There is a watercolor 
of a Carolina wren, dated October 15, 1833, once attributed to John James 
Audubon but now credited to his son, John Woodhouse Audubon. 
Document 722. 

133. Augenbaugh, Carrie. 
Postcards. Ca. 1910-20. 
58 items: col. ill. 

Carrie Augenbaugh and her sister, Margie, lived in York, Pennsylvania, 
and received the Christmas postcards in this collection from family friends. 
Cards show many depictions of Santa Claus, Christmas trees, children, 
toys, animals, and religious scenes. The majority are embossed, and many 
record their makers. Nine cards contain the word "postcard" written in 
several languages, suggesting that they were used internationally. 
Collection 119. 


Guide to lite Winterlltiir Library 

Entry 132. Mary Eliza Bachman Audubon's album, "Friendly Repository and Keep- 
sake," from the 1830s, contains drawings by John Woodhouse Audubon, her 
brother-in-law, and two of John James Audubon's assistants, George Lehman and 
Edward A. Leitner. Lehman's watercolor depiction of Castle Pinckney in Charles- 
ton, South Carolina, later appeared in Audubon's Birds of America as background 
for his portrait of the long-billed curlew. 

134. Austin, David. 

Account book. 1858-61. 

52 p.; 34 cm. 

David Austin was a jeweler from New York City. 

Book records Austin's activities during the years immediately preceding 

the Civil War. Most of his entries were for repairs and sales on behalf of 

such well-known jewelry firms as Tiffany & Co.; Ball, Black, & Co.; and 

Baldwin & Co. 

Document 624. 

135. Austin, John. 

Account book. 1766-1834, bulk 1775-99. 

90 p.; 39 cm. 

John Austin worked as a laborer in northeastern Massachusetts and New 


Downs Collection and Archives 39 

Entries indicate that Austin was skilled as a joiner, furnituremaker, and car- 
penter. He mentions such products as tables, chairs, bedsteads, cupboards, 
etc., and notes that he repaired small objects and helped to construct 
houses, barns, meetinghouses, and fishing wharves. Evidence suggests that 
Austin worked or owned a sawmill. The manuscript contains genealogical 
records of the Austin family. 
Folio 266. 

136. Austin,John, d. 1790. 
Bills and receipts. 1783-93. 
19 items. 

John Austin, a resident of Charlestown, Massachusetts, was a leather 
dresser. His son, John Jr., was a merchant and inspector of potash and pearl 

Collection consists of manuscripts recording the purchase of food and pay- 
ments for schooling, wood, and mending. Some record the purchase of pot- 
ash from John Jr. 
Document 302. 

137. Autograph album. 1862-64. 
50 p.: ill.; 20 cm. 

Album contains autographs of more than one hundred residents of the 
Boston area, five small tintypes of young women, and a detailed drawing 
of flowers. The only indication of ownership is with the first autograph of 
the book, inscribed "To Maria." 
Document 175. 

138. Autograph coUecHon. 1837-1960, bulk 1890-1920. 
1 box. 

Collection contains autographs of more than twenty American artists. The 
signatures are on letters, sketches, drawings, watercolors, business cards, 
and postcards. Many of the letters are addressed to members of the Pratt 
family of Brooklyn, New York. 
Name index available. 
Collection 425. 

139. Avery family. 
Papers. 1788-1839. 
15 items. 

Members of the Avery family lived near Norwich, Connecticut. Oliver 
Avery was a furnituremaker, and Stephen Avery was a ship captain. 
Collection contains miscellaneous bills, letters, and account books. The bills 
are primarily for groceries, and the account books chronicle Oliver Avery's 

40 Guide to the Wiuterthnr Library 

furniturcmaking activities, including his production of chairs, beds, tables, 
desks, clock cases, and looms. 
Collection 415; Microfilm M102. 

140. Ayres, Jonas. 

Account book. 1799-1828. 
1 vol.; 42 cm. 

Jonas Ayres was a housebuilder in Brookfield, Massachusetts. 
Manuscript relates to a housewright's activities, including specifications for 
construction, room dimensions and details, framing, and orders for build- 
ing supplies. 
Folio 218; Microfilm M2853. 

141. B. & W. Hudson 
Letter book. 1852-57. 

Brothers Barzillai (1794-1871) and William (1803-79) of Hartford, Connecti- 
cut, owned the firm of B. & W. Hudson. Barzillai later became president of 
the Phoenix Life Insurance Co., and William pursued a career in printing. 
They sold furniture, mattresses, carpets, and other household items. 
Most letters are addressed to dealers and manufacturers in New England 
and New York, inquiring about purchases for the business. 
Folio 297. 

142. Babbitt, Jacob. 
Waste book. 1814-16. 
100 p.; 17 cm. 

Jacob Babbitt was a shipping merchant in Bristol, Rhode Island. 
Manuscript includes records of receipts and disbursements related to Bab- 
bitt's career as a shipper. Other records document products he acquired for 
personal use. 

Index of names, ships, and objects available. 
Document 430. 

143. Bachelder, John Badger, 1825-94. 
Plan of Hyde Park house. 1880. 

1 vol.: ill.; 17 cm. 

John Bachelder was a portrait and landscape painter, focusing on views of 
New England towns. He was born in Gilmantown, New Hampshire, and 
died in Hyde Park, Massachusetts. 

Volume includes four floor plans for houses and related notes. Room di- 
mensions are given, and room names or functions are sometimes provided. 
Volume bears inscription: "Aunt Elizabeth's House, drawn by our Uncle 
John Bachelder, 1880." 
Document 950. 

144. Bachman, Jacob. 
Daybook. 1822-61. 

Doums CollectUm and Archives 41 

1 microfilm reel. 

Jacob Bachman was a woodworker and furnituremaker, possibly from Lan- 
caster County, Pennsylvania. 

Manuscript records Bachman's daily activities as a woodworker and pro- 
vides some household accounts. 
See entry 145 for related document. 
Microfilm M935. 

145. Bachman, Johannes. 
Daybook. 1769-1828. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Johannes Bachman was a woodworker, furnituremaker, and chairmaker, 

probably from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. 

Much like Jacob Bachman's manuscript (see entry 144), this item records 

the daily activities and household accounts of its keeper. It is written in 

German, suggesting that Bachman was part of the Pennsylvania German 

community of Lancaster County. 

Microfilm M935. 

146. Bachman & Forry. 
Account book. 1880-81. 
551 p.; 36 cm. 

Bachman & Forry ran a sash and door manufactory in Columbia, Pennsyl- 
vania. John B. Bachman was born in 1820 in Bart Township, and when he 
was eighteen he became a carpenter's apprentice. In 1852 he moved to Co- 
lumbia, where he worked at a planing and lumbering business that also 
supplied house carpentry and made floorboards. By 1880 Bachman was in 
charge of the business, operating it with John Forry. 
Entries describe the goods Bachman & Forry produced, the names of cus- 
tomers, and prices. Volume also includes labor and supply accounts. 
Folio 220. 

147. Bacon, John H. 
Papers. 1865-66. 
231 items. 

John H. Bacon's business card proclaimed that he was a "manufacturer of 
feltings, cotton and wool waddings" in Winchester, Massachusetts. 
Papers consist almost exclusively of business letters, including orders, com- 
plaints, bills, payments, inquiries, etc. A few pieces of legal and personal 
correspondence appear as well. 
Collection 8. 

148. Baeck Wall Paper Co. 
Muralia. 1918. 

1 vol.: ill.; 26 x 34 cm. 

The Baeck Wall Paper Co. was located in Brooklyn, New York. 

42 Guide to the Winterthiir Library 

Contains wallpaper samples featuring solid colors and bands of designs for 
the 1918-19 decorating season. 
Folio 176. 

149. Bailey, Ezekiel. 
Account book. 1836-45. 
1 vol.; 41 cm. 

Ezekiel Bailey operated an inn and then a general store in Centreville, 
Delaware. In 1837 he moved his store to Red Lion, Pennsylvania. 
Book includes financial records pertaining to the general store that Bailey 
ran. It was used later as a scrapbook for clippings of stories. 
Folio 196. 

150. Bair, Jesse William. 

Patterns of early American furniture and business records. 1922-62. 
3 cu. ft.: ill. 

Jesse W. Bair was a cabinetmaker in Hanover, Pennsylvania. He worked in 
several early styles: William and Mary, Queen Anne, Chippendale, Hepple- 
white, etc. Although Bair made many pieces of furniture, most of his work 
centered on furniture repair and restoration. Two of his important clients 
were Joe Kendig and Robert S. Stuart. 

Collection contains 1,515 drawings and patterns of furniture, a drawing 
book showing hardware designs and ball-and-claw-foot chairs, and Bair's 
business records. These records include ledgers and receipt books, corre- 
spondence, lists of customers and suppliers, notes on hours worked for 
various clients, lists of income and expenses, etc. 
Bair's letters to Robert S. Stuart in the Stuart papers 
Finding aid describing furniture patterns available; patterns arranged by 
form and style. 
Collection 162. 

151. Bair's Cabinet Shop. 
Records. 1933-64. 

9 vols.: ill. 

Founded by John M. Bair, this business was located in Abbottstown, Penn- 
sylvania. Evidence suggests that at one time it may have been located in 
nearby Hanover. According to one of its catalogues, the shop was "devoted 
entirely to the reproduction of antique and quaint furniture." It was espe- 
cially known for its colonial revival furnishings. 

Collection includes binders of numbered photographs of furniture and 
business records, including three daybooks, a ledger, records of social secu- 
rity payments, and several miscellaneous items. Photos record a number of 
furniture forms and their dimensions. 

Firm's trade catalogues in the Printed Book and Periodical Collection. 
Collection 163. 

Dozv)is Collection and Archives 43 

152. Baker, Annie W., 1834-? 
Papers. 1850-73. 

18 items. 

Annie W. Baker was born and raised at Allegheny Furnace, Altoona, Penn- 
sylvania. When she was fourteen, she left Altoona for school in Lawrence- 
ville. New Jersey. She eventually married and raised three children. 
Papers consist primarily of letters to Baker regarding such social activities 
as parties, sleigh rides, and horseback riding. There is a short story about a 
failed romance that Baker had with someone named Arthur Grahm. The 
papers also include an autograph book, an essay on insects, and a few 
Document 559. 

153. Baker, Edmund, 1770-1846. 
Account book. 1792-1822. 

1 vol.; 40 cm. 

A native of Dorchester, Massachusetts, Edmund Baker trained as a physi- 
cian but made his living as a maker of chocolate at Dorchester Lower Mills. 
His oldest son, Walter, graduated from Harvard, studied law, and then 
started a woolen manufactory. He later followed his father into the choco- 
late business. Under Walter's guidance the chocolate business thrived, op- 
erating under the name Walter Baker & Co. It was purchased in 1927 by 
General Foods. 

Account book records transactions relating to costs and income associated 
with the making of chocolate. 
Folio 166. 

154. Baker, Emily Anne. 
Notebook. 1842-92. 
85 p.; 20 cm. 

Emily Anne Baker lived in or near Chelmsford, Essex County, England. 
Volume includes two sections. The first volume features poetry, much of it 
focusing on death and the untimely passing of young people. The second 
volume records knitting and crocheting instructions. The instructions are 
accompanied by a few samples of work pinned to the volume. 
Document 194. 

155. Baker, Mrs. Forrest. 

The Wanamaker diary. 1922. 
495 p.; 19 cm. 

Mrs. Forrest Baker lived in Rising Sun, Maryland. 

Diary records Mrs. Baker's daily life. Volume also contains advertisements, 
many for goods sold at Wanamaker's and other Philadelphia and New 
York City stores. An almanac, lists of churches and post offices in Philadel- 
phia, and layouts for Philadelphia theaters are also included. 

44 Guide to the Winterthur Library 

Finding aid to advertisements available. 
Index to business cards at back of the volume. 
Document 567. 

156. Baker, John, fl. 1671-1746. 
Ledger. 1743-75. 

119 leaves; 19 cm. 

John Baker and his son, James (1713-76), were shoemakers and farmers in 
Dorchester, Massachusetts. James's son, James Jr., pursued a number of ca- 
reers, though he is best known for establishing a chocolate company that 
operated for more than two centuries. 

Ledger primarily records the sales and repairs of footwear and the sale of 
twine and rope. Local craftsmen, including a clockmaker named Newman 
and silversmiths John Edwards and Jacob Hurd, did business with the 
Bakers. There are references to sales of shoes to African American custom- 
ers. Some entries list payment in dollars and some in "old tenor." The last 
page contains "A list of men who had their guns taken for bayonets on the 
31st of March 1758." 
Document 991. 

157. Baker, Louis A. 

Inventory and account book. 1881-99. 

97 p.; 21 cm. 

Louis A. Baker owned a general store in Ashford, Connecticut. 

The first part of this manuscript contains an inventory of Baker's general 

store dated 1881. The second part contains a ledger recording business 

transactions. Loose bills are laid in. 

Document 1022. 

158. Baldwin, Jabez C, 1777-1819. 
Account books. 1808-19. 

1 vol.; 40 cm. + 3 microfilm reels. 

Jabez C. Baldwin, a native of Norwich, Connecticut, was a jeweler and silver- 
smith in Salem, Massachusetts. In 1813 he established the firm of Baldwin 
& Jones in Boston while continuing to work in Salem. In 1817 he entered 
into partnership with Thomas Baker. When Baker moved to Concord, New 
Hampshire, in 1819, the partnership ended. 

Includes an account book kept by Baldwin from 1808 to 1819, two day- 
books recording the transactions of Baldwin and Thomas Baker, and a sales 
book dating from 1817 to 1819. The account book documents Baldwin's 
evolution from silversmith to merchant of silver goods. 
Photographs of Baldwin's silver in the Decorative Arts Photographic Col- 

Original materials on microfilm located at the Essex Institute. 
Folio 195; Microfilm M1527, M1529-M1530. 

Doums Collectio)! and Archives 45 

159. Baldwin family. 

Papers. 1784-1904, bulk 1820-34. 
14 vols. + 36 loose items: ill. (some col.) 

The Baldwins were civil engineers from Woburn, Massachusetts. Loammi 
Baldwin began his career during the late eighteenth century and in 1804 
oversaw the construction of the Middlesex Canal in Massachusetts. Three 
of his sons — Loammi Jr., James Fowle, and George Rumford — followed his 
chosen career. Loammi Jr. graduated from Harvard and began his profes- 
sional life as an attorney. Finding the law distasteful, he turned to civil en- 
gineering. James Fowle pursued a career as a merchant before he became 
an engineer. He would eventually work for railroads and undertake a 
study of the quality of the water supply in Boston. George Rumford de- 
signed and built the Boston Marine Railway and consulted on the construc- 
tion of waterworks in Charleston, Massachusetts, and Quebec, Canada. 
Collection materials reflect the professional lives of the Baldwins as civil 
engineers. Projects mentioned in the papers include the Middlesex Canal, 
the Charles River Bridge, the Charlestown Naval Dry Docks, the upgrading 
of Boston's water supply, coal mining, canal construction in general, and 
soundings in Boston harbor. Illustrative material is chiefly in the hand of 
George Rumford Baldwin. Working in pen, watercolor, pencil, and wash, 
George Rumford's sketchbooks depict railroads, dams, canals, locks, water- 
works, bridges, and buildings. Of particular importance are his drawings 
of wooden framing patterns. 
Finding aid is available. 
Collection 204. 

160. Ball, Joseph. 
Pattern book. 1820-50. 
197 p.: col. ill.; 25 cm. 

Joseph Ball was a potter in Longton, England, and seems to have been affil- 
iated with Bagguley & Ball, a firm active from 1822 to 1835. 
Book contains hundreds of designs, both transfer-printed and hand-drawn, 
for the decoration of pottery. Floral and geometric patterns predominate. 
Many are on paper watermarked 1841, though some bear dates in the 
1820s. Recipes for various cements and pottery types are also included. 
Document 64. 

161. Ball, William, 1729-1810. 
Account book. 1759-62. 

1 microfilm reel. 

William Ball was a silversmith in Philadelphia. 

In addition to silver pieces, records in this account book mention such 

items as clothing, guns, food, brass, iron, textiles, tools, toys, and writing 


Manuscript in private hands at the time of filming. 

Microfilm M2822. 

46 Giiitie lo Ihe Winlerthur Libraty 

162. Ballad of the Oysterman. Ca. 1890. 
n p.: ill.; 30 cm. 

An unnamed writer hand-copied this version of the text to "Ballad of the 
Oysterman," by Oliver Wendell Holmes. The pen-and-ink illustrations de- 
pict the oysterman, his daughter, a house, and surrounding area. 
Document 693. 

163. Ballantine, James. 
Accounts. 1835-49. 
15 items. 

James Ballantine lived in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. 

Collection includes two small manuscripts and thirteen loose accounts that 

primarily document the construction of a store. Details include information 

on wages, materials needed for building, and such construction activities as 

setting glass, painting, and framing. A few miscellaneous accounts for food 

and clothing round out the collection. 

Document 899. 

164. Ballora, Edmond. 

Drawings and tracings. Ca. 1915-28. 
125 items: ill. 

Edmond Ballora was an interior decorator doing business at Decoration 
Artistique, New York City. 

Drawings and tracings, most in pencil and colored pencil, are of room inte- 
riors and furniture. A variety of styles is featured, and there are many de- 
pictions of decorative detail, some appearing full-scale. In many instances 
clients are identified. Notations in French. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 270. 

165. Ballou, Benjamin. 
Account book. 1792-93. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Benjamin Ballou was a blacksmith from Wrentham, Massachusetts. 
Book records Ballou's work on wagons and carts, his shoeing of horses and 
oxen, and the production and repair of agricultural implements and house- 
hold objects. 
Document 846. 

166. Bance, George. 

Order book. 1807-35, bulk 1828-35. 

544 p.: ill.; 38 cm. 

George Bance worked in London as a furnituremaker and upholsterer. 

Contains records of orders for furniture with descriptions, dimensions, cus- 

Downs Collection and Archives 47 

tomers' names, and itemized costs of labor and materials. Some furniture 
sketches dating from 1807 and 1808 are included. The bulk of the volume 
features references to repair work, installations, alterations, and general 
Document 102. 

167. Bancker, Christopher, ca. 1699-1763. 
Appraisals. 1750-62. 

48 leaves; 33 cm. 

Christopher Bancker and Brandt Schuyler, New York City merchants, 
served as publicly sworn appraisers for the province of New York in 1750. 
Joris Brinckerhoff, also a merchant, replaced Schuyler in 1750. 
Volume records the appraised inventories of various estates and ships, not- 
ing the quantity and value of items in English pounds. The majority of the 
valued items are household goods and personal belongings. 
Document 1011. 

168. Bancker family. 
Papers. Ca. 1760-1854. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Members of the Bancker family were prominent in Philadelphia social cir- 
cles. Charles N. Bancker was a successful businessman. 
Includes business and personal papers of the Banckers, especially Charles. 
There are letters, bills, and inventories of household goods. One correspon- 
dent was Thomas Sully, who wrote Charles N. Bancker to ask if he could 
copy a picture that he owned "by Leslie from West." 
Original manuscripts located at the American Philosophical Society. 
Microfilm MlOl. 

169. Bangor Stone Ware Company. 
Papers. 1893-1903. 

500 items. 

The firm, operated by Andrew Persson in Bangor, Maine, identified itself as 
a "manufacturer of stone & fancy pressed ware of every description." 
Collection consists of bills, orders, receipts, and letters relating to the com- 
pany's activities. Material reveals how the company obtained raw materi- 
als, marketed its wares, and supplied its customers with finished products. 
Name index available. 
Collection 30. 

170. Bangs, Nathaniel, 1760-? 
Account book. 1788-1827, 1858-66. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Nathaniel Bangs was a furnituremaker from Amherst, Massachusetts, who 
later relocated to Salem, Massachusetts. 

48 G///(/(' /() the Wintcrthur Library 

Manuscript records the furniture that Bangs made during a forty-year pe- 
riod beginning in 1788. Bangs's shop produced a variety of furniture forms. 
He also painted sleighs, mended rakes, fixed wagons, etc. Joel Bangs used 
the volume later to record his activities as a laborer, the construction of a 
house in Athol, Massachusetts, and personal finances. Volume also contains 
genealogical information on the Bangs family. 
Document 436. 

171. Banks, Solomon. 
Account book. 1787-1811. 
1 vol.; 42 cm. 

Solomon Banks was a furnituremaker from Greenfield, Connecticut. 
Volume includes references to the pieces of furniture that Banks made and 
repaired and notes his carpentry work. Manuscript contains many refer- 
ences to agricultural pursuits and indicates that he bartered to settle some 

Partial name index in front of volume. 
Folio 156. 

172. Bannister family. 
Family records. 1695-1771. 
4 microfilm reels. 

Members of the Bannister family were general merchants in Newport, 
Rhode Island. They were in business under their own names as well as in a 
partnership. Bannister & Minot. 

Records include daybooks, letter books, cash books, ledgers, and a memo- 
randum book, all of which chronicle nearly eighty years of business activ- 

Brief index available. 

Original materials located at the Newport Historical Society. 
Microfilm M191-M194. 

173. Barker, William. 
Account books. 1750-99. 
1 microfilm reel. 

William Barker was a chairmaker from Providence, Rhode Island. 
The account books document a half-century of chairmaking. 
Original manuscripts are in the library of the Rhode Island Historical Soci- 
Microfilm M2858.3-.7. 

174. Barnes, Elizur, 1781-1825. 
Account book. 1821-25. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Elizur Barnes was a cabinetmaker from Middletown, Connecticut. 

Dozims Collection and Archives 49 

Accounts relate to making furniture and chairs, employing workmen, ex- 
changing services, and purchasing supplies for the cabinetmaking trade. 
Original manuscript at the Middletown, Connecticut Historical Society; an- 
other microfilm copy located at the Connecticut Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2832. 

175. Barnes, Ford. 
Account book. 1827-29. 
4 p.: ill.; 21 cm. 

Ford Barnes was a furnituremaker from the Baltimore area. 
Manuscript chiefly documents amounts of money owed to Barnes for fur- 
niture he made, including tables, beds, cradles, candle stands, bookcases, 
coffins, chests, and bureaus. Some entries include a description of the piece. 
Barnes worked with cherry, poplar, pine, and walnut. 
Document 1043. 

176. Barnett, Isaac. 
Receipt book. 1793-1861. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Isaac Barnett was a furnituremaker in Philadelphia. 
Manuscript contains records of payments made by Isaac, Abraham, and 
Thomas Barnett for such personal expenses as taxes, schooling, and medi- 
cal care as well as business expenditures for turning, lumber, sawing, etc. 
Original manuscript at the Baker Library, Harvard University. 
Microfilm M1966.1. 

177. Barrel!, Charles. 

The miscellaneous works of Charles Barrell . . . performed at Mr. Wymans 
boarding school in Medford. 1797. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 50 cm. 

Volume includes a student's exercises in geometry, anatomy, drawing, etc. 
Illustrations feature a mariner's compass, a map of the world, a church, 
houses, fruit, and flowers. Barrell used calligraphy to head the different 
sections of his book. 
Folio 256. 

178. Barrell, Joseph, 1739-1800. 
Letters and letter books. 1776-1800. 

2 microfilm reels. 

Joseph Barrell was a successful merchant from Boston and nearby Wal- 
tham, Massachusetts; his father and brother were also merchants. He was 
included in a list of members of the Sons of Liberty, and he ran unsuccess- 
fully for governor of Massachusetts. In the 1790s Barrell acquired more 
than two hundred acres of land overlooking the Charles River at Cobble 
Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts. Noted American architect 

50 Guide to the Winterthiir Library 

Charles Bulfinch designed the house that Barrell built there, called "Pleas- 
ant Hill." Barrell was married four times. 

Consists chiefly of letters dealing with the building and furnishing of Bar- 
ren's house in the 1790s. Writings also discuss Barrell's efforts to create a 
garden and greenhouse. 

Original manuscripts located at the Massachusetts Historical Society. 
Microfilm M181-M182. 

179. Barrett, H. B., 1836-? 
Diary. 1859. 

141 p.: ill.; 23 cm. 

H. B. Barrett was a native of Worthing, England, who lived with his father 
in Jamaica in the 1850s. 

Diary records Barrett's travels in England. By 1859 he had been away from 
his native country for nine years. In England Barrett met with family and 
friends, went shopping, and took art lessons from Prince Albert's art in- 
structor. He visited London, Gosport, Farnham, Southampton, Portsmouth, 
and Worthing. Barrett was fascinated by British naval shipyards as a result 
of his military service. Interspersed among the pages of this manuscript are 
forty-five engravings of English landmarks. 
Includes index of names of Barrett's friends. 
Document 1003. 

180. Barritt, Charles L. 
Lecture and letter. 1844^5. 
15 p.; 32 cm. 

Charles L. Barritt was a photographer. 

Includes the text of a lecture that Barritt gave on January 20, 1845, before 
the New York Scientific Association and a letter that he wrote to its secre- 
tary apologizing for missing a meeting of the association. 
Document 788. 

181. Barrows, David, II. 
Correspondence. 1841-51. 
15 items. 

David Barrows was a maker of frames, a knitter, and a manufacturer of ho- 
siery. He lived in Nicetown and then Germantown, present-day neighbor- 
hoods of Philadelphia. 

Ten of the letters were written to David Barrows and five were from him. 
They all relate to business and family matters. Professional concerns relate 
to the quantity of mitts and hose knitted, the buying and dyeing yarn, the 
marketing of products, fluctuations in prices, the selling of frames, etc. 
Most letters circulated among family members expressed financial con- 
Collection 191. 

Dmms Collection and Archives 51 

182. Barrows, George, d. 1819. 
Account book. 1810-20. 

2 vols.; 42 cm. or smaller. 

George Barrows worked as a blacksmith in Harrison, Maine. 

Records the activities of a busy blacksmith. Book also includes accounts 

kept by Eleanor Barrows relating to the settlement of Barrows's estate. 

Folio 184. 

183. Barrows, George W. 
Account book. 1835-52. 
220 p.; 42 cm. 

George W. Barrows was a tanner in Harrison, Maine. He may have pur- 
chased a tannery at Bolster Mills, Maine, from Isaac Thayer. 
Records leather-working projects and the buying and selling of such items 
as sole leather, sheepskin, hide, and hair. Barrows also made and repaired 

Includes name index. 
Folio 185. 

184. Barstow, Rogers L. 

Bills and receipts. 1876-89. 
409 items: ill. 

Rogers L. Barstow lived in Boston and was a partner in the brokerage firm 
of Chase & Barstow. 

Collection includes invoices relating to the purchases by Barstow and 
members of his family of a wide variety of household goods. Most pur- 
chases were made from Boston area stores; foreign merchandise came from 
England and France. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 224. 

185. Bartlett,Josiah, 1729-95. 
Papers. 1743-95. 

7 microfilm reels. 

Josiah Bartlett was a physician and political figure from Kingston, New 
Hampshire. He was a member of the Continental Congress, signer of the 
Declarafion of Independence, chief justice of the New Hampshire Superior 
Court, and governor of his state. 

Papers include account books and daybooks, correspondence, and other 
manuscript material that document Bartlett's personal life, medical prac- 
tice, and public service. 

Published finding aid available: Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Papers of 
Josiah Bartlett (1729-1795), edited by Frank C. Mevers (Concord, New 
Hampshire: New Hampshire Historical Society, 1976). 
Original manuscripts at the New Hampshire Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2462-M2468. 

52 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Library 

186. Bartolozzi, Francesco, 1727-1815. 
Scrapbook. 1773-1809. 

1 vol.: ill.; 32 cm. 

Francesco Bartolozzi, an engraver, was born in Florence, Italy. He studied 
at the Accademia del Disegno and learned engraving from Joseph Wagner. 
In 1764 he traveled to England, where he won an appointment as engraver 
to King George III. He became a Royal Academician in 1768, and in 1802 
he accepted the post of director of the National Academy of Lisbon. Barto- 
lozzi is known to have engraved many paintings by Giovanni Battista. He 
popularized the stipple process. 

Scrapbook contains a few invitations engraved by Bartolozzi and others. 
Most engravings depict classical scenes. 
Folio 192. 

187. Bartsch, I. G. 

Sample book of silk weaving. Ca. 1820-50. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 28 x 42 cm. 

Includes one hundred swatches of woven silk, lithographed plates depict- 
ing looms, weaving patterns, diagrams, etc. Weavers drafts in the volume 
are both lithographed and sketched in pen and pencil. Floral and geometric 
patterns predominate, and there are a few crests. The lithographs all bear 
the names 1. G. Bartsch and Al. Leykum. Captions and manuscript nota- 
tions in German. 
Collection 50. 

188. Bass, F W. 

F W. Bass's arithmetic book: made in the year of our Lord and Savior Jesus 
Christ, 1819. 
100 p.: ill.; 51 cm. 

Contains mathematical computations, calligraphy, and examples of student 
exercises in the calculation of fractions, proportions, troy weight, money, 
liquid measures, etc. Some of the volume pertains to maintaining financial 
account books. 
Folio 82. 

189. Bastian, Friedrich. 
Account books. 1802-37. 

2 vols.; 21 cm. 

Friedrich Bastian was a Pennsylvania German dyer. In 1804 he moved from 
Jonestown, Pennsylvania, to nearby Middletown. After Bastian stopped us- 
ing these volumes, Jacob Strouss, a carpenter and coffinmaker, kept his 
records in them. 

Entries in the account books document Bastian's endeavors as a dyer and 
Strouss's general woodworking activities. Some domestic accounts are also 

D(ra>«s Collection and Archives 53 

included. The writing of Bastian's accounts reflects his Pennsylvania Ger- 
man heritage. 
Document 585. 
Microfilm M2729. 

190. Bawden, Isaac. 
Exercise book. 1765. 
1 vol.: ill.; 25 cm. 

Book contains mathematical problems and tables of basic arithmetic mea- 
surements. Headings done in decorative calligraphy, shov^ing scrolls and 
other ornamentation. Bawden included pen-and-ink drawings of birds. 
Document 743. 

191. Bayer, Philipp Peter. 
Pattern book. 1770-1829. 
58 leaves: col. ill.; 34 cm. 

Bayer was a weaver in Framersheim, Germany, during the late eighteenth 


Manuscript contains German coverlet design patterns. Its cover is a 

Fraktur-style page that includes the inscription "Philipp Peter Bayer, Zu 

Framersheim, werde ich genandt, Jesus Name ist mir auch bekandt. Anno 

1770" as well as pictures of angels holding tools of the weaving trade. 

Folio 22. 

192. Bayly, Stella P 
Workbook. 1897-98. 
1 vol.; 24 cm. 

Stella P. Bayly recorded directions for sixteen projects that she undertook as 
part of a sewing course. Her lessons included exercises in basting, weaving, 
hemming, making button holes, preparing seams, and making patches. In 
her workbook she wrote directions on the left side of a page opening, and 
on the right side she sewed in what she called models of completed pro- 
jects. Bayly used such fabrics as muslin, cotton, damask, flannel, and per- 
Document 457. 

193. Baynton, Peter. 

Ledger and letter book. 1721-27. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Peter Baynton was a general merchant from Philadelphia. 

Manuscripts document payment of duties on cargoes that included rum, 

textiles, sugar, glass, buckles, looking glasses, earthenware, etc. 

Original manuscripts at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Microfilm M2646. 

194. Beach, Laura, 1778-? 
Exercise book. 1791-1808. 

54 Giiiile to the Wiiiterthur Librnty 

1 vol.; 22 cm. 

Consists of exercises in elementary arithmetic, weights and measures, frac- 
tions, decimals, calculations for determining the cost of a product, and the 
computation of annuities. 
Document 607. 

195. Beakley, Christopher. 
Receipt book. 1819-38. 
1 vol.; 18 cm. 

Christopher Beakley, a resident of New York City, was a member of the 

Dutch Reformed Church. 

Entries record money paid by Beakley for a number of items: church pew 

rent, taxes, street paving, painting a house and its shutters, chairs, medical, 

bills, the burial of an infant, etc. 

Document 955. 

196. Beal, Joseph. 
Account book. 1773-79. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Joseph Beal was a blacksmith in Abington, Massachusetts. 

Beal shoed horses and oxen; mended guns, chains, and plow irons; made 

axes, spikes, hinges, and nails; altered chisels; hooped barrels; and crafted 

plow parts. Like many of his contemporaries, he sometimes accepted goods 

for payment. 

Name index in front of volume. 

Document 523. 

197. Beal, Thomas Prince. 
Papers. 1814-61. 

1 folder. 

Thomas Prince Beal lived in Kingston, Massachusetts. He may have been a 

Collection includes bills for such goods and services as clothes, yarn, black- 
smithing, painting, and window repair; letters that document personal en- 
gagements and the payment of accounts; and papers of a legal nature that 
focus on the case Jnrves vs. Freeman, in which Jarves was accused of slander. 
Collection 518. 

198. Beaman, Gamaliel. 
Copybook. 1833. 

2 vols.; 19 cm. 

Includes handwriting exercises by Beaman while he was a student. Covers 
of the two volumes are illustrated with engravings of children engaged in 
various activities and a stone dwelling situated among large trees. Back 
covers contain multiplication tables. 
Document 811. 

Dawns CoUectiou and Archives 55 

199. Beardsley family. 

Account book. 1821-77, bulk 1821-25. 

170 leaves; 32 cm. 

The Beardsleys lived in Otsego County, New York. Levi and especially Ja- 

bez Beardsley are well represented in the volume. 

The accounts in this manuscript record dyeing, fulling, pressing, carding, 

and dressing fabrics from 1821 to 1825. Most of the handful of post-1830 

entries refer to the milling of grains. 

Partial name index bound in. 

Document 108. 

200. Beatty, George. 
Account book. 1811-23. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

George Beatty was a watchmaker in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 
Manuscript documents Beatty's work, cleaning, repairing, oiling, and sell- 
ing timepieces. Entries record the names of customers, work performed or 
objects sold, and amounts paid or owed. 
Document 711. 

201. Beaver, John D. 
Exercise book. 1829. 
1 vol.: ill.; 33 cm. 

John D. Beaver was a resident of Millerstown, Pennsylvania. 
Book consists of mathematical and writing exercises, including prayers, po- 
ems, sayings, and sample pages from an account book. The front and back 
covers have illustrations of birds identified by German captions. Drawings 
of flowers appear throughout the volume. 
Document 886. 

202. Beckel, Charles Frederick. 

Account and day book. 1823-61, bulk 1826-40. 
125 p.; 33 cm. 

Charles Frederick Beckel cleaned and repaired watches; sold silver spoons, 
musical instruments, and everpointed pencils; and mended chairs and um- 
brellas in Doylestown and Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. 

Manuscripts record Beckel's activities in Doylestown from 1823 to 1824 and 
in Bethlehem from 1826 to 1861. Pages toward the end of the volume re- 
cord expenses for building and expanding a foundry. The Doylestown por- 
tion includes an account with the town band. 
Some of the foundry accounts and a few other pages in German. 
Document 123. 

203. Becker, John. 
Records. 1774-92. 

3 vols.; 40 cm. or smaller. 

56 Guide to the Wiiileiiluir Library 

John Becker operated a general store in Lititz, Pennsylvania, which seems 
to have been connected to the Moravian Church. 

Records include a ledger from the 1780s and two other volumes with store 
inventories. A wide variety of goods is documented along with tools used 
by craftsmen, including masons' trowels and shoemakers' knives. Accounts 
for building the store and a new hall are also featured. 
Name index available on microfilm. 
Folio 209; Microfilm M2830. 

204. Beckman, Thomas. 

Convertible furniture trade cards. Ca. 1875-95. 
16 items: ill. (some col.) 

Cards depict convertible furniture (or items that could be turned into 
beds). Such pieces as the "Celebrated Windsor Folding Bed," "Albee's Na- 
tional Upright Parlor Bed," and "Boyington's Automatic Folding Bed" are 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 109. 

205. Beckman, Thomas. 

Japanesque trade cards. Ca. 1875-95. 
160 items: ill. (some col.) 

Collection consists of cards inspired by Japanese design. Works of major 
and minor American lithographers are represented. A few cards are Japa- 
nese woodcuts that were overprinted in the United States. There is a full 
range of products advertised, including clothing, tea, dyes, and carpets. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 108. 

206. Beckwith, Z. 
Bills. 1851-64. 
20 items. 

Z. Beckwith lived in Middlebury, Vermont. He may have owned a dry- 
goods or general store. 

Bills document Beckwith's purchase of such fabrics as wool, silk, satin, and 
taffeta. Other products mentioned include gloves, parasols, ribbons, 
scarves, collars, knives and forks, etc. Many of the firms he did business 
with were based in either New York City or Boston. 
Collection 479. 

207. Beech, James Eaton. 
Account books. 1785-1847. 
6 vols.; 41 cm. or smaller. 

James Eaton Beech was a druggist in Fairfield County, Connecticut. In 1810 
he formed a partnership with Sherman and Isaac Sterling called Sterling & 

Doums Collection and Archives 57 

Consists of four daybooks and two ledgers that record financial transac- 
tions of Beech's drugstore as well as some accounts relating to the opera- 
tion of his household. Scattered throughout the volumes are recipes for 
paints, dyes, etc. 
Collection 299. 

208. Beede, Carl Greenleaf. 
Papers. 1927-49. 

5 boxes: ill. 

Carl Greenleaf Beede wrote about topics in the decorative arts, especially 
furniture, for the Christian Science Monitor during the 1920s and 1930s. He 
resided in West Hartford, Connecticut, and then in Boston. 
Collection contains many of Beede's research notes, correspondence, biblio- 
graphic work, photographs, and typed research manuscripts relating to his 
publications in the Christian Science Monitor. An outline and notes for a 
book on American furniture are also included. The book, which was never 
published, was to contain a chapter on the history of American furniture 
collecting, collectors, and collections. Beede gathered some of his informa- 
tion by writing to museums and inquiring about their collection develop- 
ment policies. 
Collection 458. 

209. Beidler, Nathan. 
Records. 1832-35, 1865. 

4 vols.: ill.; 19 cm. or smaller. 

Nathan Beidler made furniture in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. 
Collection includes two sketchbooks of drawings of many kinds of furni- 
ture done from 1832 to 1833; an account book with painting instructions 
and work records dating from 1833 to 1835; and a deed for land in Bed- 
minster Township, Bucks County, from 1865. 
Document 298. 

210. Belknap, Waldron Phoenix Jr., 1899-1949. 
Papers. 1861-1960. 

13.5 cu. ft.: ill.; 1 microfilm reel. 

Waldron Phoenix Belknap Jr. graduated from St. Paul's School, Concord, 
New Hampshire, and Harvard. He became an investment banker in New 
York City. But an abiding interest in architecture inspired him to return to 
Harvard for a graduate degree in architecture, whereupon he opened his 
own practice in Boston. He also conducted genealogical research, studied 
American portrait painting, and established the thesis that English mezzo- 
tints served as prototypes for American paintings. Belknap belonged to a 
number of professional associations and hereditary societies. 
Collection includes genealogical research about Belknap's ancestors, photo- 
graphs of European cities, and Belknap's notes on the history of American 

58 Guide to the Wiitlerllitir Library 

painting. About half of the collection was actually generated by Belknap's 

mother, Rey Hutchings Belknap, who continued her son's research after his 

death and worked to establish a memorial in his name. 

Microfilm reel contains typescripts of wills, estate inventories, and other 

documents relating to the many families that Belknap researched. 

Finding aid available. 

Collection 130; Microfilm M2453. 

211. Bell, John G., 1812-89. 
Diary 1849-50. 

71 p.; 13 cm. 

John G. Bell was a taxidermist in New York City. In 1843 he accompanied 
John James Audubon on his Missouri River expedition. A bird species, 
Bell's Vireo, is named after him. 

Diary records a trip that Bell took from New York to Panama and then to 
California to search for different specimens of birds. He wrote of his expe- 
riences in Panama, his travels by boat, and the Gold Rush. 
Document 592. 

212. Bell, William, 1760-1843. 

Account books and miscellaneous papers. 1783-1816. 
1 microfilm reel. 

William Bell was a merchant and trader from New York City and an owner 
of lands in Jefferson and Franklin counties. New York. 
Includes account books of various ships on which Bell served as super- 
cargo to China, India, and the Isle de France. Papers include shipping doc- 
uments, such as reports on trade, bills of lading, and invoices as well as 
accounts of New York merchants and their Chinese counterparts. 
Original materials at the New- York Public Library. 
Microfilm Ml 07. 

213. Belser, Gottfried Ferdinand. 
Pattern book. 1794-1835. 
63 p.: ill.; 18 cm. 

Gottfried Ferdinand Belser was born in Germany, and he emigrated to Bos- 
ton during the early nineteenth century. Belser's name first appears in 
United States census records in 1820. A Boston city directory lists a God- 
frey F. Belser as a lace weaver in its 1816 edition. 

Volume contains thirty-five pages of patterns for weaving what appear to 
be bed coverlets. It also contains twenty-five pages of German text dating 
from 1794 to 1805 in which Belser describes his apprenticeship, masters, 
places of work, and methods of weaving. Other pages contain directions 
for dyeing cloth, formulas for removing stains from cloth, etc. 
Document 483. 

Downs Callection and Archives 59 

214. Belter, John Henry, 1804-63. 
Papers. Ca. 1856-1904. 

1 box: ill. 

John Henry Belter was born in Germany and apprenticed in furniture- 
making in Ulm. In the early 1840s, he emigrated to New York, where he 
operated a furnituremaking business. Belter is known for developing the 
laminated, carved rococo revival style of furniture that bears his name. He 
patented a construction technique for pressed-work furniture. Belter's rela- 
tives maintained his business for many years after his death. 
Collection contains photographs and photocopies of manuscripts in private 
hands and owned by public institutions as well as Belter's original estate 
inventory. Included is correspondence relating to Belter's patent, a chair 
design, specifications for the construction of Belter's factory at Third Ave- 
nue and Seventy-sixth Street in New York City, and material on Belter's 
business and estate. 
Collection 307. 

215. Benjamin, Miles, d. 1853. 
Ledger. 1821-28. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Miles Benjamin was a furnituremaker and furniture repairer from Coopers- 
town, New York. 

Ledger records Benjamin's activities working on such items as bureaus, ta- 
bles, bedsteads, and cabinetwork. Domestic matters are also covered within 
the manuscript. 
Name index available. 

Original manuscript located at the New York State Historical Association. 
Microfilm M665. 

216. Bennet, Edward. 
Daybook. 1829-30. 
12 leaves; 36 cm. 

Edward Bennet was a shoemaker from Tiverton, Rhode Island. He and his 
wife, Abigail, had several children. 

Manuscript chronicles Bennet's business activities: making and repairing 
boots and shoes, selling leather and calf hide, repairing harnesses, etc. In 
addition some personal expenses appear. There are references to Bennef s 
purchases of large quantities of tobacco, which he apparently resold as 
snuff. The last leaf of the manuscript relates to the settlement of his estate. 
Document 1069. 

217. Bennet, Orpha Orinda. 
Music book. Ca. 1817. 
26 leaves; 1 1 cm. 

Orpha Orinda Bennet may have been a member of a choir and probably 
lived in New England. 

60 Guulc to the Wiiitcrlluir Library 

Manuscript contains the alto part to about fifty psalm tunes. Each is titled, 
and the meter of the text is indicated. Bound in are two leaves of a pub- 
lished work. Of Tuning and Forming the Voice. 
Document 169. 

218. Bennett, Benjamin. 

Account and inventory book. 1836-44. 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Benjamin Bennett worked as a tailor in New York City. 

Volume contains annual inventories for merchandise and supplies on hand 

and a record of customers' sizes and clothing made for them. Bennett did 

work for both men and boys. 

Document 383. 

219. Bennett, Ezekiel. 
Daybook. 1784-1821. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Ezekiel Bennett was a carpenter and furnituremaker from Weston, Con- 
necticut, and West Laurens, New York. 

Manuscript deals with Bennett's woodworking projects. He records work- 
ing on bobsleds, seats, coffins, cupboards, and sashes. His activities in 
farming, weaving, and recording his family's genealogy are also included. 
The volume also includes a record of land Bennett purchased from Ebene- 
zer Hill in Fairfield, Connecticut. 
Name index available. 

Original daybook located at the New York Historical Association. 
Document 383. 

220. Benson, Stuttson, d. 1820. 
Account book. 1807-48, bulk 1807-20. 
90 p.; 40 cm. 

Stuttson Benson lived in Pompey, New York, earning his income from agri- 
cultural pursuits and weaving cloth. 

Manuscript contains Benson's accounts and records relating to his estate 
and its settlement during the 1820s. In addition there are miscellaneous ac- 
counts in another hand relating to activities in Fabius, New York, a town 
some six miles from Pompey. 
Folio 53. 

221. Bentley, David. 

Receipt and rent books. 1822-77. 

2 microfilm reels. 

Daviti Bentley worked as a coppersmith in Philadelphia. 
The receipt book, kept from 1822 to 1857, mentions such items as clothing, 
food, copper, iron, textiles, etc. The rent book, kept from 1857 to 1877, per- 
tains to Bentley's estate. 

Dozens Collection mid Archives 61 

Original manuscripts located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Microfilm M2817-M2818. 

222. Bentley, William. 
Account book. 1812-27. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

William Bentley was a furnituremaker from Westford, New York, who 
worked from about 1812 to 1844. 

In addition to making and repairing many types of furniture, Bentley made 
coffins, fixed wagons and sleds, did some sawing, and drew bricks. He re- 
corded recipes for staining wood and referred to his tools, hardware, and 
farm produce. 
Document 724; Microfilm M665. 

223. Berdan family. 
Papers. 1831-52. 
62 items: ill. 

John Henry Berdan operated a general store in New York City and lived in 
Bergen County, New Jersey. David J. Berdan, probably John's brother, at- 
tended Rutgers College in the 1840s and later settled in Paterson, New Jer- 

Includes the daybook maintained by John Henry Berdan to record the ac- 
tivities of his store from January to February 1831; a draft of his will from 
1832; notebooks, lists of expenses, and miscellaneous writings kept by Da- 
vid J. Berdan while at Rutgers from 1844 to 1847; and family letters. Some 
of the manuscripts have colorful decorative headings reminiscent of Penn- 
sylvania German Fraktur. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 237. 

224. Berkshire Furnace. 
Account books. 1765-94. 
4 vols.; 40 cm. 

William Bird built the Berkshire Furnace along a branch of Spring Creek in 

Lower Heidelberg Township, Pennsylvania. It was part of his estate in 

1762. From 1764 to 1790, Bird's widow owned it, and George Ege managed 

the operation. In 1790 Ege purchased the furnace. 

These four manuscript volumes record financial transactions relating to the 

Berkshire Furnace. Items mentioned include plate stoves, Franklin stoves, 

kettles, pots, skillets, sash weights, etc. Volumes also provide information 

about furnace employees, including information about their accounts with 

the company store. 

Name index in one of the volumes. 

Collection 329. 

62 Guide to the Wmterlhiir Library 

225. Besson, John M. 
Notebooks. 1813-57. 

5 vols.: ill.; 33 cm. or smaller. 

John M. Besson was a dry-goods merchant in Philadelphia and a member 
of the Resolution Hose Company of firefighters. 

Collection consists of five of at least nine volumes of clippings, drawings, 
and excerpts assembled by Besson. Topics mentioned are far ranging and 
include historical anecdotes, references to Philadelphia's mayors from 1701 
to 1820, recipes for medical cures, information about the census, and de- 
signs for fire-hose wagons. 
Some of the text is in French. 
Collection 27. 

226. Beuttner, Carl. 
Box. 1952. 

1 item; 3x2x11 cm. 

This box, fashioned by Carl Beuttner, a goldsmith from Winterthur, Swit- 
zerland, at one time contained jewelry. 
Document 196. 

227. Bicksler, J. M. 
Account book. 1846-63. 
150 p.; 39 cm. 

J. M. Bicksler was a shoemaker, probably from southeastern Pennsylvania. 
Book documents Bicksler's making and repairing of shoes. 
Includes index. 
Folio 203. 

228. Biddle, George. 1885-1973. 
Business and personal papers. 1929^3. 

2 microfilm reels. 

George Biddle was an author and widely exhibited artist. 
Collection includes personal and business correspondence with other art- 
ists, a listing of Biddle's own works, and correspondence dealing with gov- 
ernment art projects and murals. 
Contents list on first reel of microfilm. 

Original materials located at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. 
Microfilm M742-M743. 

229. Bidermann family. 
Letters. 1828-90. 

2 microfilm reels. 

The Bidermann family was from Winterthur, Switzerland. Jacques Antoine 
Bidermann came to the United States in 1813 to audit the books of the E. I. 
du Pont de Nemours Company in which his father had invested consider- 
able money. He joined the firm in 1815. In 1816 he married Evelina du 

Dmims Colkctiivi and Archii>es 63 

Pont. Their only child, James Irenee, was born the next year. Jacques An- 
toine inherited his father's stock in the Du Pont Company, and he later 
purchased more shares. During the mid 1830s, he assumed temporary lead- 
ership of the company. James Antoine and Evelina settled in Delaware on 
an estate they named "Winterthur." James Irenee lived in France and 
worked as a civil engineer; he had married Gabrielle Camille Begue. 
Letters are from various family members. There are letters to James Irenee 
and his wife that provide information about crops, the weather, family 
matters, and events in Delaware. Also included is a letter book belonging 
to James Antoine Bidermann. 
Microfilm M30-M31. 

230. Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902. 
Collection. 1855-1927. 

172 items. 

Albert Bierstadt was a landscape and animal painter. A native of Germany, 
he came to America with his parents as an infant and grew up in New 
Bedford, Massachusetts. When he was twenty-three, he returned to Europe 
to study painting. In the United States, Bierstadt maintained a studio at 
Irvington-on-Hudson, New York, and after 1882 he lived permanently in 
New York City. 

Collection includes letters from Bierstadt's sister Eliza, watercolors, photo- 
graphs, and a pencil sketch. The letters mention the buying and selling of 
Bierstadt's paintings, social matters, real-estate ventures, descriptions of 
trips, and exhibitions. The artwork features watercolors of butterflies and a 
sketch of a mill. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 276. 

231. Bigelow, Laura H. 
Cookbook. Ca. 1850-70. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

In her cookbook Laura H. Bigelow, a resident of Waterville, New York, 
wrote recipes for cakes, cookies, tarts, puddings, pies, and jellies. Many ref- 
erences indicate the name of the recipe's creator. Also included are instruc- 
tions for making yellow, green, and blue dyes. 
Document 889. 

232. Bikle, Christian Friedrich. 

Liederbuch von Christian Friedrich Bikle aus Stuttgard. 1826-49. 

77 leaves; 17 cm. 

C. F. Bikle was a cabinetmaker from Stuttgart, Germany, who may also 

have composed music. 

The first twenty-nine leaves of the manuscript contain lyrics for songs and 

the remaining leaves record Bikle's professional activities. He included a 

64 Guide to the Wiiiterthiir Library 

record of furniture he made, apprentices he trained, a receipt for ornament- 
ing chairs, and a recipe for copal varnish. 

Lyrics appear in German script. Furniture records are in German, English, 
and phonetic English. 
Document 33. 

233. Bills. 1734-1906. 
9 boxes. 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains handwritten bills for a va- 
riety of household products and personal goods. Most of the bills are from 
New England and the Middle Atlantic states. Of the 200 or so bills in the 
collection, 60 percent are from the nineteenth century while 40 percent are 
from the eighteenth century. 

Finding aid available, listing the item or items purchased, the buyer and 
seller, location, and date. 
Collection 145. 

234. Bills for renovations. 1869-1918, bulk 1895-1905. 
4 boxes. 

Collection consists of hundreds of bills, many representing businesses 
based in New York City. Most of the firms performed renovation work on 
houses and apartments. Work included carpentry, paper hanging, painting, 
roofing, wiring and lighting installation, decorating, and plumbing. 
Collection 341. 

235. Birch, Thomas, 1779-1851. 
Drawings and papers. 1810^0. 
2 microfilm reels. 

Thomas Birch was a marine, landscape, portrait, and miniature painter. A 
native of England, he came to the United States in 1794 with his father, an- 
other artist who was his eventual partner in business. Birch exhibited 
widely and is perhaps best known for his marine scenes and paintings of 
War of 1812 naval battles. 

Collection includes drawings by Birch, engravings of his work, and busi- 
ness papers. 

Original materials located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Microfilm M189-M190. 

236. Bird, William. 
Account book. 1760-61. 
19 leaves; 11 x 34 cm. 

William Bird was a rum merchant. 

Account book documents Bird's rum selling and features names of his cus- 
tomers, quantities of rum sold, prices, and dates of purchases. 
Cover title: Rum Book B. 
Document 982. 

Dmms Collection and Archives 65 

237. Bissell, Abel S. 

Account book. 1828-32, 1852-53. 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Abel S. Bissell operated a general store in Hebron, Connecticut. He may 

have served as his town's registrar of births, deaths, and marriages in the 


Manuscript records items that Bissell purchased at wholesale prices for 

later retail sale. His entries include the seller's name, address, and the date 

of the purchase. He bought locally as well as in New York City. In 1852 

and 1853, Bissell or someone else used the volume to record Hebron's vital 


Document 441. 

238. Bissell, Emily Perkins, 1861-1948. 
Collection. 1695-1945, bulk 1900-1945. 
1 box. 

Emily Perkins Bissell, a social welfare worker, generous benefactor of vari- 
ous charities, and antisuffragist, is best remembered for introducing Christ- 
mas Seals to the United States in 1907 to raise funds for a tuberculosis san- 
atorium in Delaware. 

Collection contains personal and family memorabilia, including a set of 
Christmas Seals dating from 1907 to 1934, colonial deeds for Delaware 
lands, and a copy of a story written for The Youth's Companior^ by Bissell 
under her pen name, Priscilla Leonard. Collection was originally in a 
wallpaper-lined box, perhaps of Chinese origin, that has been dated to the 
Collection 29. 

239. Bixby, Daniel, 1791-1870. 
Account book. 1839-49. 

1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Daniel Bixby was a furniture- and chairmaker in Francestown, New Hamp- 
shire. As a young man he built a sawmill on Brennan Brook and later con- 
structed a device for cutting and putting heads on nails. In 1821 he oper- 
ated the Bixby Box Shop, first used for cabinetwork and later for making 
fancy boxes. When he died in 1870, Bixby's son continued to run the manu- 

Manuscript entries include the date, furniture form or repair work re- 
quested, and the price. Customer names are not given. Toward the end of 
the volume is a list of store expenses featuring costs of supplies. There is 
also an inventory of goods on hand on January 1, 1847. 
Document 747; Microfilm M711. 

240. Bixby, Sarah. 

Journal. 1845 or 1851 or 1862. 
121 p.; 13 cm. 

66 Guide to the Wiiilertluir Library 

When Sarah Bixby kept this volume, she was a teacher in a one-room 
schoolhouse near Mayville, New York. 

Entries record Bixby's activities from April 28 to September 24 in an unspe- 
cified year, though a perpetual calendar indicates that it would have been 
either 1845, 1851, or 1862. Bixby wrote about teaching, her young scholars, 
social activities, churchgoing, and fancywork. 
Document 569. 

241. Black, Samuel. 

Bills and receipts. 1823-78. 

15 items. 

Evidence suggests that Samuel and William Black were tobacco merchants 

working in various parts of Fairfield County, Ohio. 

Collection documents purchases made by the Blacks. Things they bought 

include tobacco, magazine subscriptions, real estate, food and beverages, 

hardware, and dry goods. 

Collection 494. 

242. Blackwell, Robert, 1748-1831. 
Business papers. 1779-1817. 
14 items. 

Robert Blackwell was the minister of St. Peter's Church and Christ Church, 
both located in Philadelphia. He had been ordained by the Bishop of Lon- 
don and had earlier served as a missionary in Gloucester County, New Jer- 
sey. During the Revolutionary War, Blackwell served as a chaplain for the 
military, and he worked as a surgeon at Valley Forge. 
Collection includes Blackwell family personal and business papers, includ- 
ing receipts, a will, promissory notes, descriptions of real estate properties, 
and a notebook detailing investments. 
Finding aid and name index available. 

Other Blackwell family papers located at the Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
Collection 385. 

243. Blair, Anna S. 
Sketchbook. 1885-86. 

34 p.: ill. (some col.); 13 x 20 cm. 

Nothing is known about Anna Blair beyond what her sketchbook reveals. 
Most of her drawings depict landscapes or views of historic buildings. Two 
drawings, both dated 1885, portray Egg Harbor and Beach Harbor, New 
Jersey. The remaining sketches document a trip Anna apparently took in 
1886 to the Middle East and Europe, where she visited the Holy Land, Cy- 
prus, a small island near Crete, Italy, Switzerland, and Germany. Artwork 
is in pencil or watercolor. 
Document 1026. 

Dmmis CoUectum and Archives 67 

244. Blair, Gertie. 
Workbook. Ca. 1880-1900. 
47 p.: ill.; 22 cm. 

Gertie Blair was learning to sew when she kept this volume. The number 
"18" is written near her name and may indicate her age. 
Includes seventeen sets of directions for specific sewing projects, including 
hemming, making folds at corners, preparing seams, making button holes, 
darning stockings, etc. Blair wrote her directions on the left page and in- 
cluded a finished product on the right. 
Document 548. 

245. Blaisot, editor. Ca. 1852-70. 

Grande revue passee par S. M. I'Empereur Napoleon III. 
31 p.: col. ill.; 23 cm. 

Consists of a hand-colored lithographic panorama depicting what appears 
to be a parade of French soldiers during the government of Napoleon III. A 
full range of soldiers is present: infantry, cavalry, lancers, military engi- 
neers, music regiment, officers, etc. Captioned in French. 
Document 351. 

246. Blake, Joshua A. 
Letter book. 1828-29. 
130 leaves; 33 cm. 

Joshua A. Blake lived at Winthrop Place, Boston, and was a merchant 
working out of 19 Central Wharf. 

Contains copies of Blake's business correspondence on his shipping and 
importing activities. Most of his ventures seem to have been in the Medi- 
terranean, Italy, and Greece in particular. The letters include orders to cap- 
tains, inquiries concerning insurance, directions for cargo shipment, and in- 
structions regarding financial arrangements and quarantines. 
Document 111. 

247. Blake, Philip. 

Account book. 1786-1800. 
470 p.; 39 cm. 

Philip Blake was a blacksmith in Wrentham, Massachusetts. 
Such activities as mending chaise bodies; shoeing horses and oxen; fixing 
wheels, plates, teapots, and chains; rimming kettles and buckets; and craft- 
ing horse collars, hooks, hoes, nails, and andirons are all recorded in this 
Folio 180. 

248. Blakslee, Ziba, 1 768-1 834. 
Account books. 1789-1822. 
2 vols.; 40 cm. 

68 Guide to the Winlertliur Library 

Ziba or Zeba Blakslee was a silversmith, goldsmith, and jeweler in New- 
town, Connecticut. 

One volume is a ledger kept from 1789 to 1822, and the other volume is a 
daybook used between 1790 and 1794. The manuscripts describe the full 
range of activities of a rural silversmith and jeweler, including crafting and 
mending items, silvering coffins, and working on harness buckles. 
Name index available. 
Folio 157. 

249. Blanchard, Elnora. 
Cookbook. Ca. 1870-90. 
48 p.; 34 cm. 

Elnora Blanchard, a resident of Cincinnati, included both handwritten 
recipes and clippings of recipes in this book. Most were for confections and 
sweets. She also included clippings about historical figures and poems. 
Document 662. 

250. Bloch, Mathias S. 

The self-taught penman; or, everyman his own writing master, improved 
by M. S. Blocher, author, proprietor, and publisher. 1834. 
23 leaves: ill.; 26 cm. 

This penmanship workbook, once owned by Robert May, a resident of Leb- 
anon, Pennsylvania, contains instructions in typeface as well as manuscript 
examples of handwriting. Examples to be copied include strokes, letters, 
words, sentences, brief letters, and financial documents. 
Document 1075. 

251. Block, Camille. 

Album souvenir. 1875-87. 
35 leaves: ill.; 22 cm. 

Volume, published in New York City, by John Ghegan, contains twenty- 
eight inscriptions of friendship, some done calligraphically, and seven lith- 
ographs. Most inscriptions are from Clarksburg, West Virginia, although 
New York, Philadelphia, and Atlanta also appear. 
Document 35. 

252. Blodget & Gilman. 
Account book. 1787-1807. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Blodget & Gilman were Boston merchants who apparently specialized in 


Entries state the customer's name and note item or items purchased and 

the cost. In addition to various textiles, a wide range of domestic products 

is represented. Blodget & Gilman did much business with merchants in 

Boston, New York, Philadelphia, London, and other cities. After page 148, 

Dmcns Collection and Archives 69 

the style of the entries changes. Transactions with spinners, weavers, 
tailors, painters, and blacksmiths are recorded. 
Document 556. 

253. Blood, Edmund N. 
Copybooks. Ca. 1850. 
4 vols. 21 cm. 

Edmund N. Blood was a student in Pepperell, Massachusetts, when these 
volumes were kept. 

Copybooks contain writing exercises by Blood when he was a student. All 
four have covers with engraved illustrations, advertisements, or multiplica- 
tion tables on them. 
Document 81 0. 

254. Bloomfield, Bernard M. 
Papers. 1751-1963. 
Approx. 300 items. 

Bernard M. Bloomfield lived in Philadelphia. 

Papers consist of legal documents, marriage and birth certificates, bills, and 
letters from Philadelphia, England, and France. Many refer to Philadelphia 
merchant Joseph Donath; correspondence and research materials collected 
by Maurice Brix on American silversmithing; and clippings, photographs, 
and research notes on American silver objects. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 293. 

255. Blossom, Elisha, Jr. 
Account book. 1811-18. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Elisha Blossom Jr. was a merchant and furnituremaker in New York City 
and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 

Account book contains debit and credit accounts for Blossom's business as 
well as references to his personal affairs. In addition to making and repair- 
ing furniture, he sold hardware. 

Original manuscript at the New-York Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2050.2. 

256. Boardman and Hart. 
Records. 1833-71. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Sherman Boardman, Thomas Danforth Boardman, and Lucius Hart were 

pewterers working in New York City. 

Records include letters and accounts kept by the Boardmans and Lucius 

Hart's account book. 

Original manuscripts located at the Connecticut State Library. 

Microfilm M740. 

70 Guiilc to the Wintertlnir Librniy 

257. Bock, Andrew. 
Daybook. 1815-40. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Andrew Bock ran a general store in McKeansburg, Pennsylvania. 
In addition to twenty-five years of business records, this manuscript con- 
tains a list of items in his general store under the heading "Account of 
sales of goods at auction, Andrew Bock and Jonathan Yost, assignees." 
Much of the manuscript is in German, suggesting a connection to the 
Pennsylvania German community. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 649. 

258. Bond, William Keys. 
Notebook. 1812, 1828-34. 
67 p.; 21 cm. 

William Keys Bond resided in Litchfield, Connecticut, and was associated 
with the Litchfield Law School. 

Notebook contains a list of students at Litchfield Law School from March 
17, 1811, to June 6, 1812, the text of "Of admitting parole-evidence to ex- 
plain devises, synopses of the subject prepared by Judge Reeve for his stu- 
dents," and sermons copied into the book by Lucy Bond. 
Document 676. 

259. Book illustrations. 1779-99. 
129 items: ill. 

Illustrations in this collection were torn from various novels published 
from 1779 to 1799, including Robinson Crusoe, Gtilliver's Travels, Don Quixote, 
and Arabian Nights. Most illustrations were issued by Harrison & Co., a 
London firm. The illustrations show late eighteenth-century English cos- 
tume and room interiors. 
Collection 461. 

260. Bookplate collection. 1750-1850. 
1 box. 

Includes many American and some English bookplates. Mottoes printed on 
the plates are generally written in Latin, though a few are in English. En- 
gravers and artists represented include Nathaniel Hurd, Henry Dawkins, 
Peter Rushton Maverick, Joseph Callender, Amos Doolittle, Paul Revere, 

List of owners, artists, styles, and approximate dates available. 
Collection 51. 

261. Borden, E. S. 
Cookbook. Ca. 1873. 
1 vol.; 22 cm. 

Dowm Collection and Archives 




Entry 260. Bookplates identify the owners of books and fre- 
quently feature vignettes. Francis Hopkinson's bookplate shows 
a design inspired by heraldry, having been engraved by H. 
Dawkins, ca. 1770. 

Contains recipes for a variety of foods and for medical and household 
mixtures. Recipes are written in a printed blank book called The Manuscript 
Receipt Book and Household Treasury, third edition, published by Claxton, 
Remsen & Haffelfinger in Philadelphia in 1870. Volume includes running 
chapter heads and engraved headpieces for each chapter 
Document 191. 

72 Guide to the Wintertlnir Library 

262. Boston Glass Manufactory. 
Receipt book. 1787-94. 

1 microfilm reel. 

This Boston manufactory engaged in the production of glassware. 

Contains receipts relating to glass production generated during the first 

years of the company's existence. 

Original manuscript located at the Boston Athenaeum. 

Microfilm M297. 

263. Boughman, Jacob. 
Cyphering book. Ca. 1800. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

In this volume Jacob Boughman, a resident of Wilmington, Delaware, re- 
corded exercises in geometry, trigonometry, and navigation. The section on 
navigation features an illustration of a mariner's compass; a diagram 
showing geographic terms, circles, and zones; and a section on Mercator's 
Document 690. 

264. Bourne, Richard A. 

Photographs and drawings of furniture. Ca. 1869-1900. 
230 items: ill. 

Consists of photographs, books of photos, illustrated cards, trade cards, ad- 
vertisements, and drawings depicting many kinds of furniture made dur- 
ing the later decades of the nineteenth century. Prices and ordering infor- 
mation are often present. Most firms represented were from the Midwest. 
The drawings both complement and duplicate the photos and feature fur- 
niture decoration. 
Name index available. 

Printed material transferred to the Printed Books and Periodicals Collec- 
Collection 250. 

265. Bowen, Nathan. 
Account book. 1775-79. 
12 p.; 19 cm. 

Nathan Bowen was a furnituremaker from Marblehead, Massachusetts. His 
father was Edward Bowen. 

Entries record Bowen's business and personal expenses. He made such 
items as cases of drawers, coffins, bookcases, and candle stands. Bowen 
also crafted desks and cases of drawers with "swelled" fronts. 
Document 1079. 

266. Bowman, George. 
Daybooks. 1828-54. 
8 vols.; 40 cm. 

Doums Collection and Archives 73 

George Bowman was a blacksmith working in Fairfield, Caldwell, and 
other locales in Essex County, New Jersey. 

Volumes include records of such work as making and repairing chains, 
wagon parts, hinges, barrel hoops, horseshoes, coffee mills, and plows. 
Another daybook kept by George Bowman from 1854 to 1879 is located in 
the Special Collections Department of Rutgers University Library. 
Collection 80. 

267. Bowen, John G. 
Diary. 1860-62. 
188 p.; 22 cm. 

John G. Bowen lived in Bangor, Maine, sold insurance, served as post- 
master, and worked in a theater. He was probably in his sixties or seventies 
when he wrote this diary. 

Manuscript reflects Bowen's domestic and social life, recording some pur- 
chases for and work on his home, church activities, holiday celebrations, 
attendance at special local events, and political occurrences from Lincoln's 
election to the beginnings of the Civil War. Bowen writes little about his 
wife and takes credit for performing many domestic tasks customarily re- 
garded as women's work. 
Document 427. 

268. Bowen, John T., ca. 1801-56. 
Views about Philadelphia. 1840. 
20 p.: col. ill.; 30 cm. 

John T. Bowen was an artist and lithographer. He relocated to New York 
City from London in 1834. He then moved to Philadelphia in 1839. 
Bowen's wife, Lavinia, was a colorist, and she carried on his business after 
his death. 

Volume includes twenty hand-colored lithographs showing scenes in Phila- 
delphia and the vicinity, including such sites as the Merchants Exchange, 
Fairmount, Moyamensing Prison, the Alms House, Laurel Hill Cemetery, 
Document 61 1 . 

269. Bowman, Richard Holme. 
Manuscript work book. Ca. 1835-38. 
70 leaves: ill.; 33 cm. 

Richard Holme Bowman was a furnituremaker, probably from Edinburgh, 

Manuscript consists primarily of pencil, ink, and wash drawings of furni- 
ture parts and ornamental engravings, featuring floral decorations, finials, 
a mechanism for opening the leaves of a table, details of an escutcheon, etc. 
Pin holes in some drawings suggest that they were copied. Also included 
are a set of notes on the construction of a table and a two-page account of a 
period during which Bowman worked for a Joseph Dales in 1837 and 1838. 
Document 183. 

74 Guide to Ihc Wiiilcrtliur Libraty 

270. Box & Austin. 
Ledger. 1746-47. 
54 p.; 37 cm. 

John Box and Benjamin Austin were the proprietors of a rope yard and 
warehouse on Long Wharf, Boston. Following a devastating fire that de- 
stroyed the concern, Jonathan and Benjamin Austin Jr. took over the busi- 
ness. Listings for the firm in Boston city directories disappear after 1803. 
Ledger records business activities relating to a thriving colonial maritime 
trade. In addition to entries for such products as cordage, cable, spun yarn, 
and deep sea lines, there are others that reveal that Box & Austin held fi- 
nancial interests in shipping ventures. Seemingly complete cargoes of sev- 
eral ships are listed. 
See also entry number 28. 
Folio 79. 

271. Boynton, Thomas, 1786-1849. 
Records. 1811-47. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Thomas Boynton was a furnituremaker and ornamental painter in Boston 
in 1811 and then in Windsor, Vermont, from 1811 to 1847. 
Included in these records are ledgers, a daybook, an invoice book, and a 
purchase and sales book. Entries are for japanning, varnishing, making, re- 
pairing, and painting various pieces of furniture. 
Original manuscripts in Baker Memorial Library, Dartmouth College. 
Microfilm M2647. 

272. Bradbury, Gotham, 1790-? 
Diary 1881-83. 

190 p.; 27 cm. 

Gotham Bradbury was born in Chesterville, Maine, and later resided in 
nearby Farmington. He worked as a farmer for most of his life, though in 
1811 he worked as a shipbuilder in Bath, Maine. People called him Captain 
Bradbury, presumably because of his military service. 
Diary entries document the active life of a nonagenarian. Bradbury 
mended fences, made wooden spoons for cooking, split wood for his heat- 
ing stove, gardened, and made household repairs. He was an inveterate 
reader and enjoyed writing letters. Bradbury offered comments about 
changes he witnessed in society, politics, and medicine and described his 
first experience with the telephone. 
Document 481. 

273. Bradford, Rufus B. 
Bills. 1827-44. 

90 items. 

Daxviis Collection and Archives 75 

Rufus B. Bradford lived in Kingston, Massachusetts, and was probably a 
general merchant. 

Bills in the collection are for such items as pots and pans, hat boxes, trunks 
and trunk locks, and rocking chairs. Most notable, however, are the numer- 
ous dry goods mentioned, including gingham, cambric, damask, muslin, 
flannel, and satin, among others. 
Collection 519. 

274. Bradley, A. W. 
Account book. 1857-64. 
38 p.; 16 cm. 

A.W. Bradley was a coachbuilder, probably from Middletown, Connecticut. 
Volume includes information about the coaches that Bradley built, the 
prices he charged, and personal financial transactions. Bradley sometimes 
worked with E. Ward and T. Batterson. 
Document 274. 

275. Bradley, Amos. 
Account book. 1802-15. 
135 p.; 37 cm. 

Amos Bradley was an East Haven, Connecticut, furnituremaker. He served 

as a selectman and was a state representative. One of his sons, Elijah, 

worked as a furnituremaker in Georgia. 

Consists of a great number of accounts for the making of chests, looking 

glass frames, coffins, desks, tables, chairs, side boards, bedsteads, bureaus, 

etc. Specific information includes the wood used for each individual piece; 

for example, "one Mahogany pembroak table." Bradley also repaired and 

painted furniture. 

Index to customers named available. 

Folio 2. 

276. Bradwell, John. 

The practise of painting. Ca. 1794-1830. 
112 p.; 26 cm. 

John Bradwell was probably a painter from England. The dedication of the 
volume indicates that the Earl of Rochford was his patron. 
Manuscript contains descriptions of painting techniques with special em- 
phasis on color. Topics include first painting or dead coloring, second 
painting, third or last painting, painting backgrounds, copying, painting 
drapery, and painting landscapes. 
Document 705. 

277. Brandon & Dolbeare. 
Journal. 1739-48. 
157 p.; 44 cm. 

76 Guide to the Wiitlerthiir Libran/ 

Joseph Brandon and Benjamin Dolbeare were dry-goods merchants from 

Manuscript records a decade of dry goods retaiUng, including sales of look- 
ing glasses, lace, ribbon, necklaces, and shears. The partners imported 
goods from other countries, including furniture from John Stallwood, a 
London cabinetmaker. 
Partial name index available. 
Folio 146. 

278. Branson, Benjamin William. 
Account book and inventory. 1831-35. 
14 leaves; 34 cm. 

With a shop at 240 Hudson Street, Benjamin William Branson worked as a 
chair- and furnituremaker and repairer in New York City. 
Account book records Branson's furnituremaking activities, and the inven- 
tory, dated August 29, 1835, indicates what he was working on that clay, as 
well as lists of tools in the shop, hardware on hand, gilding supplies, var- 
nishes, etc. Because of the large number of supplies on hand (66 sets of ta- 
ble legs and 284 chair seats, for example), Branson may have produced fur- 
niture in an assembly-line fashion. 
Name index available. 
Document 1035. 

279. Breck family 
Daybooks. 1794-95, 1803-8. 
3 vols.; 40 cm. 

Robert Breck and his son. Col. John B. Breck, kept these daybooks to record 
the activities of their general store in Northampton, Massachusetts. The 
building in which the Brecks conducted business was originally Northamp- 
ton's town hall and courthouse. John was the town's first postmaster, serv- 
ing from 1792 to 1797. 

Volumes record the daily sales of the store, the entries containing names of 
customers, items they bought, and prices they paid. The Brecks sold much 
hardware, dry goods, and cutlery. 
Name index for volume 3 available. 
Folio 69. 

280. Breese, John M. 

Journal of a voyage from Newport to the East Indies in the Mount Hope. 
147 p.; 32 cm. 

John M. Breese was probably the captain of the Mount Hope. 
Journal records the voyage that Breese made between Newport, Rhode Is- 
land, and the Isle of France, now Mauritius, transporting coffee, saltpeter, 
and flour. He noted information on the details of navigation, encounters 

Dounts Collection and Archives 77 

with other vessels, repairs to his ship, and progress loading and unloading. 
Breese also recorded personal thoughts, quotes from authors, essays, po- 
ems, and anecdotes. 
Document 689. 

281. Brett, Zebas Franklin, 1 822-? 
Papers. 1852-1900. 

15 vols. 

Zebas Franklin Brett, a resident of Brookline, Massachusetts, was a clothier 
who worked independently, in a family business, and with Whitten, Bur- 
dett & Young (a large Boston clothing wholesaler). 

Collection includes thirteen diaries and two volumes containing about 170 
letters and more than 650 receipts, bills, and other miscellaneous items. Di- 
ary entries are brief, typically including a note about the weather and a few 
sentences about Brett family activities. As Brett aged, he wrote more about 
his failing health and time with his family. The letters are of a personal na- 
ture; a few describe business concerns. 
Collection 280. 

282. Bridgman, Sarah E. 
Commonplace book. 1830-35. 
61 leaves; 23 cm. 

When she started keeping this volume, Sarah E. Bridgman lived at 105 
Hudson Street, New York City. Entries in the book suggest that she also 
may have lived in or around Philadelphia and Wilmington, Delaware, or 
knew people who did. 

Volume contains copies of poetry and prose on a variety of topics, includ- 
ing writings of Lord Byron, Robert Burns, Sir Walter Scott, and Harriet Bee- 
cher Stowe. Pressed flowers were inserted toward the end. 
Document 10. 

283. Briggs, Josiah. 
Account book. 1823-32. 
193 p.; 20 cm. 

Josiah Briggs was a turner, furnituremaker, and handyman from the vicin- 
ity of Colrain, Massachusetts. 

Briggs did such work as shingling, laying floors, mending barrels, making 
spit boxes, setting glass, hanging gates, turning bed posts and table legs for 
Colrain furnituremakers, etc. He often received lumber and other products 
for his labors. 
Name index available. 
Document 721. 

284. Briggs & Company. 
Pattern book. Ca. 1870s. 
1 vol.: ill.; 34 cm. 

78 Guide to the Winlerlhur Libinry 

Based in Manchester, England, Briggs & Company claimed to be the inven- 
tor of decorative patterns that could be transferred from paper to fabric us- 
ing a warm iron. 

Volume contains patent transfer papers with designs for embroidery, man- 
tel borders, doilies, a village scene designed by Kate Greenaway, etc. Num- 
bers assigned to the papers correspond to numbers in the firm's trade cata- 
logues, two of which are in the Printed Books and Periodicals Collection. 
Folio 109. 

285. Brinckle, Gertrude. 
Album of engravings. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 23 x 29 cm. 

Volume has engravings of the Centennial Exhibition and views of United 
States cities. Views of the Centennial are all exteriors and were executed by 
L. Aubrun. Handwritten text at the beginning of the album records the 
Brinckle family's visit to the exhibition. 
Document 912. 

286. Bringhurst, Joseph, 1767-1834. 
Household accounts. 1818-33. 

2 vols.; 40 cm. 

Joseph Bringhurst lived in Wilmington, Delaware. He owned a drug store 
and served as a local postmaster. 

In addition to listing household purchases made over a fifteen-year period, 
these volumes document maintenance and repair to the Bringhurst family 
house, including chimney repair and the mending of a garden fence. 
Folio 261. 

287. Brinley, George P. 

Bills and receipts. 1857-85. 

10 items. 

George P. Brinley Sr. and George P. Brinley Jr. both lived on Asylum Street 

in Hartford, Connecticut. It is unclear which one assembled this collection. 

Bills and receipts document purchases and repairs made by Brinley. He 

bought such goods as books, a washstand, and candy and had repairs done 

to his boots, watch, clock, etc. An outstanding bill from a dentist is also 


Collection 498. 

288. Brinsmade, Orpha S. 

Estate inventory and account book. 1885-86. 

16 p.; 15 cm. 

Orpha S. Brinsmade appears to have lived in Connecticut. 

Consists of Brinsmade's estate inventory taken on December 7, 1885, and a 

record of financial transactions relating to its settlement through August 


Document 227. 

Doiims Collection ami Archives 79 

289. Brinton, Mary C. 
Commonplace book. 1826-29. 
90 leaves; 20 cm. 

"Mary C. Brinton was mother of Clement Stocker Phillips — her youngest 
son — my father — P. P. P. May 12, 1960. She married Clement Stocker Phil- 
lips & their son, my father, was named after him. She must have been ro- 

Contains copies of poetry and prose on a variety of themes. 
Document 9. 

290. British Museum. 

Prints from the Cheylesmore collection. 
5 microfilm reels. 

This collection was assembled by William Meriton Eaton, second Baron of 
Cheylesmore (1843-1902). Educated at Eaton, he succeeded to peerage in 
1891. Eaton bequeathed 10,000 prints to the British Museum. 
Items in this collection include mezzotints by British and foreign engravers, 
portraits of English royalty up to and including Queen Victoria, and his- 
torical scenes. 

Index to collection on first reel. 
Microfilm M2442-M2446. 

291. Brobson, James. 
Lading book. 1790-1805. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

James Brobson, a resident of Wilmington, Delaware, was a merchant. 
Consists of printed bills of lading forms completed by Brobson for goods 
shipped to the West Indies from Wilmington. Names of ships and their 
captains are noted in each entry. 
Document 484. 

292. Bronson, Zelotes A. 
Ledger. 1837-41, 1846-65. 
80 p.; 20 cm. 

Zelotes A. Bronson was a woodworker and handyman from Scio, New 

Manuscript records the kinds of objects Bronson worked on, including fur- 
niture, fiddles, brooms, spinning wheels, wheelbarrows, coffins, bobsleds, 
churns, etc. He also installed doors and window sashes and worked on a 
number of different conveyances. 
Document 318. 

293. Brooke, Robert, 1770-1821. 
Accounts of surveys. 1805-6. 
92 p.: ill.; 21 x 14 cm. 

80 Guide lo the Whtterlliiir Library 

Robert Brooke was a surveyor in Philadelphia who worked with William 
Strickland and Charles Souder. 

Volume records Philadelphia-area surveying activities, including textual 
descriptions and sketches of plot layouts for most of the jobs. 
Document 546. 

294. Brooks, Mollie J. 
Drawing book. 1861. 
1 vol.: ill.; 18 cm. 

Mollie J. Brooks lived in Highland Mills, New York. 

Drawing book features six sketches. Three show castles, the fourth depicts 

a colonial house, the fifth shows an outdoor scene, and the sixth shows an 

African American woman. 

Document 1017. 

295. Brouwer, Pieter Hendrik. 

Teeken boek voor Pieter Hendrik Brouwer begonnen 12 February anno 
1787. 1787-92. 
48 leaves: ill.; 27 cm. 

Contains pencil and crayon drawings of head studies, body parts, human 
figures, animals, flowers, and landscapes. Volume also includes directions 
in German for obtaining correct proportions when drawing the human 
head. Brouwer's drawings bear a strong resemblance to those done by stu- 
dents at Nazareth Hall, Nazareth, Pennsylvania. 
Document 44. 

296. Brown, A. Page. 

Sketchbook and scrapbook. 1880-93. 

160 p.: ill.; 45 cm. 

A. Page Brown was an architect and furniture designer. He hailed from El- 

lisbury. New York; graduated from Cornell University; worked as a student 

draftsman for McKim, Mead & White; and studied in Europe from 1884 to 

1885. Brown opened his first office in New York City in 1885 and later 

opened a second one in San Francisco. Brown developed a regional style of 

architecture based on California's Franciscan missions and other Hispanic 


Volume includes 160 drawings, most in pencil with a few watercoiors, and 

more than 150 halftone illustrations of furniture and rooms. Many of the 

halftones are from French sources. Items depicted include desks, benches, 

chairs, beds, pianos, chandeliers, etc. The bulk of the furniture shown was 

to be made from oak or mahogany. Some customers are identified. 

Folio 67. 

297. Brown, Edith Blake, 1874-? 
Papers. 1877-1907, bulk 1897-99. 

Downs Collection and Archives 81 

1 box: ill. (some col.) 

Edith Blake Brown was an artist, interior decorator, and art teacher. A na- 
tive of Nova Scotia, she attended Acadia Seminary and in 1895 graduated 
from the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Brown taught clay 
modeling, headed the North Bennet Industrial School of Boston, and be- 
came director and designer of the S. E. G. Bowl Shops. Her illustrations ap- 
peared in popular magazines of the day. 

This collection of approximately 230 items documents the part Brown took 
in decorating a New York City dwelling. The house, located at 11 East 
Sixty-first Street and built in 1876, had been purchased by Sir Almeric 
Hugh Paget and his wife, Pauline Whitney Paget, who engaged McKim, 
Mead & White to perform the renovation. The firm in turn employed 
Brown. Nearly one hundred items in these papers document Brown's con- 
tacts with architects and contractors concerning the refurbishment. Other 
pieces in the collection relate to Brown's additional artistic endeavors, in- 
cluding a sketchbook that she compiled with her sister, Ethel Isadora 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 218. 

298. Brown, Francis. 
Papers. 1753-64. 
9 items. 

Francis Brown was a ship captain from New York City. 
Papers consist of a small account book, kept from 1753 to 1758, and miscel- 
laneous accounts that document food and other supplies that Brown pur- 
chased for his crews and the operation of the sailing vessels under his com- 

Index of personal and ship names available. 
Document 947. 

299. Brown, Hugh A. 

Account book. 1845-47, 1876-83. 
106 p.; 17 cm. 

Hugh A. Brown was a Presbyterian missionary in China. An 1840 graduate 
of Brown University, he received a Doctorate of Divinity from Harvard 
College Seminary in 1889. 

Book records Reverend Brown's expenses in China from 1845 to 1847, with 
occasional references to those of his companions. His costs included pay- 
ment for Chinese prints and books, furniture, food, printing and binding, 
and boat trips. Later pages show financial accounts maintained by Brown, 
his wife, and one of his children some thirty-five years after Brown's return 
to the United States. 
Document 744. 

82 Guide to tlie Winlertliiir Library 

300. Brown, J. Willcox. 
Letter books. 1864-67. 
1 microfilm reel. 

J. Willcox Brown was a resident of Richmond, Virginia. 

The two manuscripts in this collection contain letters written by Brown to 

Miss Turner MacFarland and her letters to him. They concern courtship, 

travel, and daily activities. 

Original letter books in private hands at time of filming. 

Microfilm M2708. 

301. Brown, John. 
Account book. 1772-75. 
1 vol.; 17 cm. 

John Brown was a captain of the schooner Hmudeu. 

Contains accounts for supplies purchased for the Hamden, including ham- 
mers, deck nails, buckets, twine, yarn, brooms, and rum. There is also a list 
of names and amounts paid to each individual. 
Document 799. 

302. Brown, John, fl. 1790-1830. 

Account book. 1783-1862, bulk 1786-1849. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

John Brown was a farmer and handyman in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, 
and then Tioga and Berkshire, New York. 

Volume includes accounts that document how Brown made his living sell- 
ing and carting wood, trimming apple trees, plowing, haying, lending his 
wagon, butchering, framing a barn, making shoes, mending a sleigh, sell- 
ing various foods, etc. Other accounts record Anna Bond's weaving activi- 
ties during the 1780s and 1790s. 
Includes partial name index. 
Folio 12. 

303. Brown, Joseph. 
Account book. 1725-86. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Joseph Brown was a furnituremaker from Newberry, Massachusetts. 
Accounts record Brown's business transactions as a maker of furniture. 
Original manuscript located at the Essex Institute. 
Microfilm Ml 527. 

304. Brown, Samuel. 
Account book. 1707-56. 
76 p.; 15 cm. 

Samuel Brown was a weaver from Essex County, Massachusetts. 
Volume records Brown's weaving and dressing of flax. Activities of other 
area craftsmen are noted; they received credit from Brown for work they 

Doiims Collection ami Archii>es 83 

performed for him. There are frequent references to agricultural work and 


Document 497. 

305. Brown, Samuel, d. 1817. 
Account book. 1793-1838. 
110 p.; 40 cm. 

Samuel Brown worked as a tailor and farmer in Rehoboth, Rhode Island. 
Articles of clothing that Brown made included silk gowns, breeches, coats, 
jackets, and trousers. In addition to his tailoring and farming. Brown 
boarded several people, including the local school dame. The volume also 
contains several references to his possessions and chronicles the settlement 
of Brown's estate. After Brown died, Peter H. Brown used the manuscript 
to record his farming activities. 
Folio 101. 

306. Brown, William. 

Store records. 179S-1805, bulk 1795-98. 
2 vols.; 34 cm. or smaller. 

William Brown ran a general store in East Nantmeal, Pennsylvania. 
Records document Brown's sale of alcohol as well as domestic products 
and personal goods, including textiles, boots, awls, spurs, scissors, alma- 
nacs, and cups and saucers. 
Collection 73. 

307. Browne, Francis. 
Account book. 1706-16. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Francis Browne was the captain of a ship that sailed most frequently out of 
New Haven, Connecticut. 

Many kinds of home furnishings, supplies, and personal goods are in- 
cluded in Browne's records: food, furniture, clothing, lighting equipment, 
metal ware, etc. Credit given and monies paid are also recorded. 
Original account book in the Beinecke Library, Yale University. 
Microfilm M916. 

308. Brownell, George A. 
Account book. 1854-67. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

George A. Brownell worked with George H. Brownell as a carpenter in 
New Bedford, Massachusetts. 

Entries in the account book record the names of customers, the number of 
hours worked, the nature of the work, and the cost of needed materials. 
The Brownells performed such activities as building closets, installing win- 
dows, framing, laying floors, and making tables and cupboards. 
Document 373. 

84 Guide to the Wiiitcrthiir Librniy 

309. Brownlee, William. 
Exercise books. 1840, 1844-46. 
2 vols.; 36 cm. 

William Brownlee and James Brownlee, undoubtedly a relative, lived in 

Hemming ford, Quebec. 

These two volumes, created by the Brownlees, contain school exercises. 

Word problems, calculations of weights and measures, simple arithmetic, 

and handwriting exercises are recorded. 

Document 452. 

310. Brumbaugh, G. Edwin, 1890-1983. 
Papers. 1915-83. 

237 feet: ill. 

G. Edwin Brumbaugh was best known as a restoration architect. He was 
born in Huntington, Pennsylvania, the son of a one-time state governor, 
Martin Grove Brumbaugh. He received a B.S. in architecture from the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania in 1913 and worked as a draftsman for Mellor and 
Meigs and then for architect Charles Barton Keen. Upon establishing his 
own firm, Brumbaugh turned from construction to restoration. He took 
commissions for projects at such well-known Philadelphia-area sites as Val- 
ley Forge, Lafayette's headquarters at Chadds Ford, Independence Hall, 
Ephrata Cloister, and Carpenter's Hall. He also did considerable work on 
private residences. Among the recognitions Brumbaugh received was the 
National Trust for Historic Preservation Award in 1980. 
Papers, organized into eleven series, consist of survey and working draw- 
ings, correspondence, photographs, notes for lectures, renderings and 
mounted sketches, and general office records. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 34. 

311. Bryce, E G. S. 
Drawings. 1887-93. 

6 items: ill. (some col.) 

F. G. S. Bryce was an architect and illustrator. He contributed to the Art 

Amateur and the Amateur Artist in the 1890s. 

Four of the drawings are pen-and-ink room interiors that Bryce did for the 

Art Aittateur; one of the items is entitled "Study of a Country House," and 

the other drawing is a watercolor view of a seaside cottage. 

Collection 150. 

312. Bucher, John Jacob, 1764-1827. 
Ledger. 1794-1824. 

1 vol.; 40 cm. 

After serving an apprenticeship with Michael Krebs that he began at the 

age of fourteen, John Jacob Bucher worked as a hatter in Harrisburg, Penn- 

Downs Collection and Archives 'SS 

sylvania. He also served as a coroner, justice of the peace, a member of the 
Pennsylvania House of Representatives, and a judge. 
Volume records Bucher's hat sales and mentions various kinds of head- 
wear: wool, felt, castor, rowcum, etc. Some household accounts are also in- 

Name index available. 
Folio 134. 

313. Bucher, Julius. 

Account books. 1888-1904. 
2 vols.; 36 cm. and smaller. 

Julius Bucher was a masonry contractor in and around Harrisburg, Penn- 
sylvania. Because most of his entries are in phonetic English or German, 
Bucher was probably either part of the local Pennsylvania German commu- 
nity or an immigrant from Germany. 

Accounts record work done constructing, remodeling, and repairing count- 
less residences, schoolhouses, businesses, factories, churches, etc. A meticu- 
lous recordkeeper, Bucher kept track of street addresses where he worked, 
specific types and amounts of work completed, materials used, and costs of 
labor and supplies. Reuben Morret engaged him for a considerable amount 
of work. 
Document 154. 

314. Buck, Charles N. 

Excerpts from memoirs. 1791-1841. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Charles N. Buck was a merchant from Philadelphia. 

These excerpts contain records of commercial life in Philadelphia and doc- 
ument the trading of cotton, linen, tobacco, sugar, rice, and other commod- 
ities between the United States and Germany. Excerpts also relate the po- 
litical and commercial conditions of the period. 
Finding aid available. 

Original manuscript in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Microfilm M2579. 

315. Bugbee & Tirrell. 
Daybook. 1853-61. 
258 p.; 41 cm. 

Bugbee & Tirrell made paper in Bonds Village, Massachusetts. 
Records the making of paper for a variety of uses, ranging from home dec- 
oration to wrapping. One of the manuscript's pages contains an inventory 
of stock, listing different types of paper available. 
Folio 173. 

316. Buhler, Kathryn C. 
Letters. 1959-80. 
10 items. 

86 Guide to the Wmtertluir Library 

Kathryn C. Buhler was a curator in the Department of Decorative Arts of 
Europe and America, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, who wrote extensively 
about American silver and silver marks. 

Letters concern the study of American and English silver and include infor- 
mation on Hester Bateman, Henry Brown Guest, and Nathanael Greene. 
Collection 178. 

317. Bulkeley, Joseph. 
Account books. 1800-1817. 
2 vols.; 32 cm. 

Joseph Bulkeley worked as a shoemaker in Littleton, Massachusetts. 

In addition to recording shoemaking activities, books mention a number of 

agricultural activities and products from a cider mill. 

Name index at front of volume. 

Name index in typescript form also available. 

Document 948. 

318. BuUard, A. C. 
Account book. 1841-60. 
1 vol.; 38 cm. 

A. C. Bullard was a watchmaker in Pomfret, Vermont. 
Volume records Bullard's work cleaning, repairing, and mending watches. 
At the end of the manuscript are verses of poetry, perhaps written by Bul- 
lard's children, and designs for embroidery. 
Folio 100. 

319. Bunker, Mary Hawthorne. 
Notebook. 1898. 

I vol.; 11 cm. 

Mary Hawthorne Bunker resided in Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts. 
Contains helpful household recipes and instructions. Activities mentioned 
include caning chairs, preserving leather, caring for upholstery, gilding 
frames, etc. There are directions for making inks, shoe and boot polishes, 
leather cement, etc. 
Document 963. 

320. Bunsperger, Isaac. 
Illuminated music book. 1823. 

II leaves: ill. (some col.); 9x17 cm. 

Isaac Bunsperger was a Mennonite student and probably a resident of 


Manuscript contains music to sixty-nine hymns. The title page features an 

illumination depicting flowering plants with a decorative border. Several 

hymns indicate the psalm or text of origin. 

Text in German. 

Document 1062. 

Downs Collection and Archives 87 

321. Burch, Lovel. 

Account book. 1827-64, bulk 1827-39. 
176 leaves; 41 cm. 

Lovel Burch operated a textile finishing business in Schuyler, New York. 
Manuscript contains accounts for Burch's activities, including carding, oil- 
ing, dressing, and dyeing cloth. It also contains accounts for accommodat- 
ing boarders, for pasturing animals, for examining teachers for Schuyler, 
and for foodstuffs. 
Name index at front. 
Folio 25. 

322. Burdick, Horace R., 1844-1942. 
Papers. Ca. 1860-1942. 
7 vols.: ill.; 33 cm. or smaller. 

Horace R. Burdick was a portrait painter, teacher, art conservator, and 
writer. He was born in East Killingly, Connecticut, and studied at the Low- 
ell Institute and the school of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. He exhib- 
ited his work at the Mechanics Institute and Fanueil Hall and did work for 
many public buildings in the Boston area. He is best known for portraits in 
crayon and oil. 

Papers include a daybook, kept from 1869 to 1885; diaries covering a num- 
ber of years between 1914 and 1934; an artisf s notebook containing paint- 
ing instructions; two original sketches; and photographs of some of Bur- 
dick's work. The diaries reveal much activity as a conservator of paintings. 
Collection 157. 

323. Burges, Elizabeth A. 

Drawing book. Ca. 1840. 
1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 23 cm. 
Elizabeth A. Burges was from England. 

Volume includes pencil sketches, primarily of buildings and the surround- 
ing landscapes. Featured are barns, cottages, pastures, bridges, castles, 
shops, and churches. 
Document 900. 

324. Burgess, Frances, 1844-? 
Diary. 1864-65. 
2 vols.; 13 cm. 

Frances Burgess lived in Cortland County, New York, and was studying to 
be a teacher when she began her diary. 

Entries document Burgess's daily routine of domestic work, church atten- 
dance, leisure pursuits, and educational activities. She regularly wrote 
about the Civil War and noted her correspondence and relationship with 

Guide to l}ie Wiiitertlttir Library 

Albert F. Smith, a soldier who was wounded in the Battle of the Wilderness 
in May 1864. 
Document 480. 

325. Burgess, Seth S. 
Daybook. 183S-45. 
55 leaves; 20 cm. 

Record of expenses for the schooner Pntriot incurred between 1835 and 
1837, for the sloop Meteor incurred between 1839 and 1845, and for the brig 
Massachusetts incurred in 1845, as they were used for trade between New 
Bedford, Massachusetts, and New Orleans. Among the commodities traded 
were molasses, sweet potatoes, shingles, and corn. Expenses recorded in- 
clude wharfage fees, customs fees, pilotage costs, and ship repairs. 
Document 66. 

326. Burns, Christian. 
Account book. 1826-32. 
77 leaves; 32 cm. 

Burns was a boot- and shoemaker, probably working in or near Bristol 

Township, Pennsylvania. 

Contains brief accounts with people for whom Burns made or repaired 

footwear. He recorded many names of family members in addition to the 

heads of the households for whom he worked. 

Document 116. 

327. Buschor, Charles. 
Drawings. Ca. 1863-76. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Charles Buschor was a carver whose name first appears in Philadelphia 

city directories in 1876. 

Drawings include depictions of furniture, buildings, and landscapes. There 

are also newspaper clippings that relate to the Centennial Exhibition, held 

in Philadelphia in 1876. 

Original manuscripts located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Microfilm M249. 

328. Bush, Samuel. 

Cyphering book. 1795-1823, bulk 1795-98. 
66 p.; 36 cm. 

Samuel Bush probably resided in Wilmington, Delaware. 
Book contains mathematical exercises, axioms, rules, and problems; notes 
for what was probably an exercise book in bookkeeping; scrapbook pages 
showing poetry and a New Year's address; and the label of stationer J. Wil- 
son, Wilmington, Delaware. 
Document 153. 

Downs CoUectiou and Archives 89 

329. Bushnell, Nathaniel, d. 1807. 
Account book. 1782-1837. 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Nathaniel Bushnell was a farmer and storekeeper in Saybrook, Connecticut. 

Manuscript records farm and store records kept by Nathaniel Bushnell 

from 1782 until his death in 1807 and then by his son Elisha until 1836. 

Also included are records of the settlement of Elisha's estate in 1837. 

Includes partial name index. 

Document 762. 

330. Butler, Anthony 
Receipt book. 1788-99. 
1 vol.; 10 X 19 cm. 

Anthony Butler was an agent for John Penn in Philadelphia. 

Volume records amounts paid by Butler to various individuals — often on 

behalf of John Penn — for real estate transactions, legal expenses, printing, 

taxes, and the upkeep of dwellings. 

Document 958. 

331. Butler, William Colflesh, 1859-? 
Diary. 1880-1916, bulk 1880-81. 
180 p.; 20 cm. 

William C. Butler was an aspiring ornamental sign painter and resident of 
Philadelphia. Because he received only occasional work at his chosen pro- 
fession, he worked at his father's wheelwright shop and much later in fur- 
niture factories. His uncle was Thomas Meehan, a noted botanist, horticul- 
turist, and author. 

Diary includes Butler's activities and personal expenses for 1880 and 1881 
as he was trying to pursue a career as an ornamental painter. In addition 
he wrote about a stay in Atlantic City, New Jersey, during the summer of 
1881 and of his renowned uncle. Manuscript contains a biographical sketch 
of both of Butler's parents. 
Document 5. 

332. Buzzard family. 
Scrapbook. Ca. 1840-1900. 
1 vol.: ill. 

The Buzzard family owned a home in Standish, Maine. 

Scrapbook includes scraps of wallpaper taken from the Buzzard's home 

and some family memorabilia. 

Folio 199. 

333. Byington, Isaac. 
Journal. 1786-99. 
67 p.; 21 cm. 

90 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Librniy 

Isaac Byington was a farmer originally from Bristol, Connecticut. Because 
he was expelled from his home as a consequence of unacceptable behavior, 
he fled from the region and worked for a time in Columbia, South Caro- 
lina. He later relocated to Bedford Hills, Virginia. 

Manuscript contains a variety of writings, including records of Byington's 
personal financial transactions, recipes for varnish and color mixing, copies 
of letters written to Byington's father, references to agricultural pursuits, 
etc. Of particular note are several lists, one of which is an inventory of 
Byington's house furnishings. 
Document 531. 

334. Byles, Elizabeth. 
Cookery book. 1759. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Elizabeth Byles was the daughter of Philadelphia pewterer Thomas Byles 
and later became the wife of Philadelphia silversmith William Ball. 
Book contains directions for preparing various foods and medicines. 
Original manuscript in private hands at time of filming. 
Microfilm M2823. 

335. Byrdcliffe Art Colony. 

Records. 1869-1998, bulk 1895-1930. 
Approx. 3,500 items: ill. 

Inspired by the teachings of John Ruskin, Ralph Radcliffe-Whitehead 
founded the Byrdcliffe Arts and Crafts Colony in Woodstock, New York, in 
1901. The colony attracted a number of individuals interested in handcraft- 
ing such objects as furniture, rugs, fabric, metalwork, pottery, and paint- 
ings. Bolton Brown taught art, Zulma Steele and Edna Walker designed 
much of the furniture decoration, and Jesse Tarbox Beals photographed ac- 
tivities at Byrdcliffe. By 1909 the site had become a private estate on which 
Whitehead and his wife, Jane Byrd McCall, raised their two sons, Ralph 
and Peter. By the late 1920s, before Whitehead and his eldest son died, the 
Whiteheads talked about selling Byrdcliffe and moving full-time to Califor- 
nia, where the family maintained a separate residence. Mrs. Whitehead 
lived at Byrdcliffe until her death in the 1950s, and Peter remained there 
until he died in the 1970s. After his passing, Byrdcliffe was owned by one 
of Mrs. Whitehead's nephews. 

Collection includes letters, records of what was produced at Byrdcliffe, 
photographs, study prints, drawings, depictions of decorative motifs, the 
colony's guest register, arts and crafts periodicals, trade catalogues, books 
on handicraft, and the card catalogue of Byrdcliffe's library. Though most 
of the photographs show Byrdcliffe and its main residence. White Pines, 
some depict Arcady, the Whitehead's California residence. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 209; Microfilm M3002, M3015. 

Doums Collection and Archives 


Entry 335. Ralph Radcliffe Whitehead, along with his wife, Jane 
Byrd McCall, established the Byrdcliffe Arts & Crafts Colony in 
Woodstock, New York, in 1901. 

336. C. Dodge Furniture Company. 

Records. 1841-1965, bulk 1900-1960. 

11 boxes + 8 vols.: ill. 

Cyrus Dodge, the founder of the company that bore his name, was born in 

1814 in Manchester, Massachusetts. He went into the furniture business in 

92 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Library 

Manchester in 1841 after having served his apprenticeship with John Perry 
Allen. Early in the history of the firm. Dodge specialized in making ma- 
hogany parlor chairs. The firm later concentrated on colonial revival pieces. 
The business remained in family hands into the 1960s. 
Includes photographs and drawings of furniture, account books, memo- 
randa books, financial records, furniture templates, photographs of the 
company's workshop, and advertisements produced to promote the sale of 
the firm's furniture. 

Indexes to five of eight account books available. 
Finding aid available. 

Photographs of Dodge Company-made furniture in the Decorative Arts 
Photographic Collection; Dodge's wooden furniture templates in the Cura- 
torial Division. 
Collection 258. 

337. C. Schrack & Co. 
Business records. 1827-88. 
156 items. 

C. Schrack & Co. was a major manufacturer and distributor of paint, putty, 
and varnish in Philadelphia. It was established in 1815 by Christian 
Schrack, a carriage painter and merchant. In 1830 Joseph Stulb, a former 
apprentice, joined the firm as a partner. By 1850 C. Schrack & Co. offered 
art supplies as well as colored and plate glass. Christian Schrack died in 
1854, and members of the Stulb family maintained the business into the 
twentieth century. By that time its customer base reached into New En- 
gland, the Midwest, and the South. 

Collection includes bills, orders received, trade cards, price lists, and adver- 
tising circulars from competing firms; records of sales and purchases; and 
an account book. 

Name index to account book available. 

Other C. Schrack & Co. material located at the Hagley Museum and Li- 
brary and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Collection 90. 

338. C. G. Sloan and Company. 
Records. 1895-1971, bulk 1895-1913. 
62 vols. 

Sloan & Company was a general auction house in Washington, D.C. The 
firm auctioned private estates, real and personal property, surplus and out- 
dated government equipment, the contents of libraries, and the contents of 
public buildings (such as stores and hotels) and ran estate auctions known 
as dead men's chests sales. Sloan attracted and served many clients from 
Washington society, including United States senators, authors, diplomats, 
and businessmen. 

Forty-seven of the volumes detail auction sales. Entries include the names 
of consignors, the items sold, the names of the successful bidders, and the 

Dou'HS CoUectiou and Archives 93 

amounts paid. Also included is a scrapbook of clippings and advertise- 
ments dating from 1907 to 1912 that show how the firm promoted itself 
and what was written about it in the local press. Two volumes record the 
activities of the storage facilities called the Army and Navy Storage Rooms; 
the remainder deal with office expenses and daily operations. 
Collection 92. 

339. C. W. & J. F. Hodges. 
Daybook A. 1857-62. 
264 p.; 34 cm. 

The C. W. and J. F. Hodges store began as a grocery and furniture business 
in April 1857 in Foxboro, Massachusetts. The business eventually expanded 
to include the sale of hardware. 

Manuscript contains a complete and daily record of the business. 
Document 96. 

340. Cadmus, Lizzie. 
Autograph album. 1877-82. 
1 vol.: ill.; 20 x 13 cm. 

Lizzie Cadmus was probably a New Jersey resident when she kept this al- 

Manuscript includes the signatures of Lizzie's friends and examples of 
their artwork. Especially noteworthy is a pencil sketch of a man astride a 
white horse in front of a castle whose flag bears Lizzie's initials. Friends 
also drew flowers, birds, and geometric shapes. 
Document 447. 

341. Cadwalader, John, 1742-86. 
Bankbook. 1785-86. 

John Cadwalader was a land agent for the Penn family and a soldier dur- 
ing the Revolutionary War who participated in engagements at Princeton 
and Trenton, New Jersey, and at the battles of Brandywine and German- 
town. He also organized militia forces on the eastern shore of Maryland. 
Bank book records credits to Cadwalader's account with the Bank of North 
Document 303. 

342. Cahoone, John, ca. 1725-92. 
Ledger. 1749-60. 

1 microfilm reel. 

John Cahoone was a furnituremaker and repairer from Newport, Rhode Is- 

Manuscript records the activities of Cahoone as a furnituremaker and notes 
the different methods of payment he accepted. 

Original manuscript located at the Newport, Rhode Island, Historical Soci- 
Microfilm M26. 

94 Guide to the WiiUerthur Library 

343. Cain, Jewett P. 
Recipe book. 1862-72. 

1 vol.; 21 cm. 

This volume was used by Jewett P. Cain of Rutland, Vermont, and later by 
Mrs. John Cain of Elizabethtown, Kentucky. The two women recorded 
recipes for making such foods as hash, cakes, puddings, fruit cake, pies, 
grape juice, and sauces. 
Document 856. 

344. Calder, William, 1792-1856. 
Account books. 1823-47. 

2 vols.; 42 cm. or smaller. 

William Calder was a pewterer from Rhode Island. He apprenticed with 
Samuel E. Hamlin and then worked in Philadelphia for about a year. By 
1817 Calder had returned to Rhode Island, settled in Providence, and 
opened his own shop. His career as a pewterer spanned forty years. Calder 
was a founder of the First Universalist Church of Providence and served as 
a captain of a local fire company. 

Collection includes a ledger and daybook recording Calder's transactions 
with customers. Volumes document the kinds of products that Calder 
made as well as changing consumer tastes in pewterware. He made plates, 
basins, porringers, pots, tumblers, spoons, ladles, and syringes. 
Name index at front of ledger. 
Folio 222; Microfilm M848.3. 

345. Caldwell, E. Mary. 
Sketchbook. Ca. 1920s. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 15 x 23 cm. 

E. Mary Caldwell lived in San Diego. Her name is written inside the front 
cover of the book, suggesting that she owned the volume and perhaps 
drew the sketches herself. 

Includes drawings of birds, ducks, swans, cranes, and water dragons. 
There are three color scenes of Santa Monica, California, and pencil draw- 
ings of Santa Monica villas. There are two illustrations of Guatemalan pot- 
Document 850. 

346. California Furniture Mfg. Co. 
Trade catalogue. Ca. 1873-81. 
30 leaves: ill.; 23 x 17 cm 

The California Furniture Mfg. Co. operated from 1873 to 1881 on Bust 
Street, San Francisco. 

Catalogue contains photographs of 173 pieces of contemporary furniture 
that the firm stocked for sale, including hat racks, bookcases, desks, side- 

Dort'Hs CoUection and Archives 95 

boards, tables, bureaus, parlor and bedroom sets, shaving stands, etc. 
Document 407. 

347. Callender, Eunice, 1786-? 
Diary. 1808-11. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Eunice Callender was a resident of Boston. Her brother, George, was a lit- 
erary critic and transcendentalist organizer of Brook Farm. 
Diary describes the activities of a young woman of means, including her 
observations of local and world events and the social affairs of Boston. 
An extract describing Callender's visit to the Shirley, Massachusetts, Shaker 
village was published in The Shaker Messenger, vol. 15, no. 1 (May 1, 1993). 
Original manuscript at the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe College. 
Microfilm Ml 420. 

348. Calligraphy Ca. 1770-1840. 
1 box. 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains examples of decorative 
hand lettering, including Pennsylvania German work in Fraktur style. De- 
pictions feature flowers, birds, and a swan. Among the manuscripts is a 
handwritten copy of the Declaration of Independence, hymns, a birth rec- 
ord, a copy of the Lord's Prayer, and bookmarks. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 320. 

349. Calwell, Thomas. 
Exercise book. Ca. 1750. 
1 vol.: ill.; 31 cm. 

Contains mathematical problems and instructions for solving them. Head- 
ings of each of the sections were done in bold black lettering with sur- 
rounding ornamentation. Decorative pen work appears throughout the vol- 

Includes index. 
Document 784. 

350. Campbell, Benjamin, 1749-1843. 
Ledger. 1782-1804. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Benjamin Campbell was a silversmith and watchmaker from Unionville, 


Manuscript records the fabrication and repair of silver and watches. A 

Campbell family history appears at the beginning of the book. 

Volume in private hands at time of microfilming. 

Microfilm M246. 

96 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Library 

351. Campbell, John, 1803-? 
Inventories of stock. 1843^5. 
1 microfilm reel. 

John Campbell worked as a silversmith in Nashville, Tennessee. 
Inventories include silver articles that were sold by Campbell. 
Microfilm M2709. 

352. Canby, A. T. 

Book of poetry. Ca. 1840s. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Miss A. T. Canby lived in Wilmington, Delaware. 
Poetry was written both by and for Canby and copied from published 
sources. Many poems refer to death, funerals, and mourning customs. One 
series of poems refers to the death of Canby's mother and her father's re- 
Document 325. 

353. Canton Iron Foundry. 
Account book. 1837-46. 
310 p.; 33 cm. 

The foundry was located in Canton, Massachusetts, and produced such 
goods as chain pulleys, steam pipes, stove castings, and furnace doors. 
Manuscript documents nine years of the foundry's activities. Old iron, coal, 
lumber, and bricks sometimes appear as payments for products. Accounts 
with Lyman Kinsey, who took in boarders, and Alfred Kinsey, who worked 
for the foundry, are also contained within the volume. 
Folio 105. 

354. Capovilla, Giuseppe. 

Trade catalogue manuscript. 1848-52. 
56 leaves: col. ill.; 20 x 25 cm. 

Includes brightly colored ink and watercolor designs for Roman Catholic 
ecclesiastical furnishings, including baldachins, monstrances, sanctuary 
lamps, candelabra, canopies, garlands, vases, finials, holy water fonts, or- 
gan cases, and processional lanterns. Each item is numbered, suggesting 
that the manuscript is either a collection of original drawings for a pro- 
jected printed catalogue or a collection of designs of or for a craftsman. 
Many notations jotted in the margins and on the endpapers of the manu- 
script are written in Italian. The paper is dated 1832 and watermarked 
Document 72. 

355. Card of fabric samples. 
12 items. 

Dminis Collection and Archives 97 

Swatchbook contains twelve samples featuring floral-designed woven fab- 
rics of English origin. Each swatch is numbered. The name Henry Lee is 
written on the card. 
Collection 50. 

356. Carleton, David. 
Account book. 1816-26. 
176 p.; 38 cm. 

David Carleton was a shoemaker from Goshen, New Hampshire. 
Manuscript records Carleton's shoe- and bootmaking activities as well as 
the odd jobs that he performed. In addition to his main work, he made 
gloves, straw hats, saddlebags, harnesses, etc., and did farmwork. 
Folio 124. 

357. Carne, Richard L. 
Invoice book. 1821-31. 
166 p.; 32 cm. 

Richard L. Carne sold hardware and metal goods, such as candlesticks, 
pots and skillets, Dutch ovens, coffee mills, cow bells, gun screws, and but- 
tons, in Alexandria, Virginia. 

Book includes orders placed by Came for various goods. Though Carne in- 
teracted with vendors in Liverpool, England, most of his suppliers were 
from the United States. His most frequently contacted associates were Rich- 
ard Norris in Baltimore; the Isabella Furnace in Chester County, Pennsylva- 
nia; and Rodger & Brothers in Philadelphia. 
Document 867. 

358. Carnell family. 
Scrapbooks. 1870-1902. 

4 vols.: ill. (some col.); 38 cm. 

The Carnell family lived in north Philadelphia. Members of the family ran 
an iron foundry and machine shop and were wholesale grocers. Laura Car- 
nell was a benefactor of Temple University. 

Collection includes three volumes of scrapbooks containing clippings. Most 
articles are religious in nature. The fourth volume contains colorful prints 
produced during the late nineteenth century. Nineteen images were pur- 
chased from the shop of Currier & Ives. 
Collection 389. 

359. Cams, Joseph. 
Exercise book. Ca. 1890s. 
84 p.: col. ill.; 20 cm. 

Joseph Cams may have lived near Philadelphia. 

Manuscript contains exercises in trigonometry and geometry illustrated 
with hand-colored drawings. At the end are five pages of recipes for des- 
serts and a salad dressing. 
Document 173. 

Guide to the WiiUerthur Library 

360. Carpenter, Frank Chandler, 1879-? 
Diaries. 1893, 1899-1900. 

3 vols.; 17 cm. or smaller. 

Frank Chandler Carpenter was an electrician from Foxboro, Massachusetts. 
He attended local schools through the twelfth grade. He worked for the 
Foxboro Electric Company, for which he traveled through New England 
and some southern states. He was a Mason and attended the local Congre- 
gational church. 

The first diary in the collection concerns Carpenter's school-related activi- 
ties and provides an account of his social life and hobbies. The other two 
diaries document his social life and domestic chores and include his obser- 
vations on his work as an electrician. Each volume includes a summary of 
personal expenses, including those associated with travel. 
Document 582. 

361. Carpenter, Thomas. 

Pass-book with William Garrigues, Jun'r.: tea dealer & grocer. 1832-34. 
1 vol.; 15 cm. 

Thomas Carpenter lived in Philadelphia. 

Volume includes details of Carpenter's purchases from William Garrigues's 
store in 1832, including oil, sugar, tea, soap, and other products. In addi- 
tion Carpenter recorded his personal accounts receivable records for 1833 
and 1834 in the manuscript. 
Document 393. 

362. Carr, Andrew Henry. 
Accounts and inventory. 1815-40. 
1 vol.: ill.; 20 cm. 

Andrew Henry Carr was a furnituremaker and upholsterer in Southamp- 
ton, England, from 1811 to 1836. George Carr continued the business after 
Carr's departure. 

The bulk of this manuscript consists of an inventory of stock taken in No- 
vember 1839 as well as a room-by-room record of Carr's home furnishings 
(he lived above his shop). Accounts relate information relevant to equip- 
ping the business, and the illustrations depict plans of Carr's shop and liv- 
ing quarters. 
Document 643. 

363. Carr, James, d. 1904. 
Account book. 1881-1904. 
1 vol.; 35 cm. 

James Carr worked as a potter in New York and New Jersey and was asso- 
ciated with the American Pottery Co. from 1844 to 1852, the Swan Hill Pot- 
tery from 1852 to 1853, and Morrison & Carr from 1853 to 1888. 

Doxviis Collection aud Archives 99 

Volume contains a daily record of income and expenses for Carr's business. 
Most notable are expenses for Carr's new building at Washington and West 
Thirteenth Street, New York City. 
Folio 63. 

364. Carr, James F. 
Scrapbooks. Ca. 1900-1929. 
5 vols.; 26 x 36 cm. 

Scrapbooks contain photographs and clippings of descriptions of furniture 
and decorative objects, including paintings, drawings, frames, needlework, 
bookends, tapestry, etc. The two volumes of clippings are titled "American 
and English Furniture" and "French and Viennese Eighteenth Century Fur- 
niture and Decorations." 
Collection 346. 

365. Carroll, Charles, 1737-1832. 
Accounts. 1829-34. 

5 items; 33 cm. 

Charles Carroll was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and a sen- 
ator from Maryland. He received his early education locally, attended a col- 
lege in France, and studied law in Paris. When he returned to America he 
managed his father's estate in Frederick County, Maryland. In retirement 
Carroll served on the board of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co. He was 
among the wealthiest men in the United States at the time of his death. 
Accounts record business dealings, chiefly purchases, by Carroll from three 
different concerns. Work performed on Carroll's coach, purchases of leather 
products, and purchases of food and household goods are noted. Some ac- 
counts were settled after Carroll's death. 
Document 1008. 

366. Carroll, Lucius W. 
Invoice book. 1838-41. 
435 p.; 31 cm. 

Lucius W. Carroll operated a general store in Webster, Massachusetts. Early 
entries in the manuscript were maintained by Stockwell & Carroll, which 
had just bought out Wiswall & Carroll. On March 3, 1841, Lucius W. Car- 
roll became the store's sole proprietor. 

Manuscript contains stock inventories and copies of invoices. The annual 
inventories, customarily taken in February, list a wide variety of goods in 
stock: textile fabrics, furniture, food, books, hardware, clothing, and patent 
Document 184. 

367. Carroll & Crosby. 
Invoice book. 1843-45. 
116 leaves; 32 cm. 

100 Guiile ta Ihe Wiiiterthur Library 

The firm of Carroll & Crosby, located in Norwich, Connecticut, sold paint 
and art supplies as well as toiletries and drugs. 

Manuscript records items purchased wholesale by Carroll & Crosby for 
later retail sale. Each entry records a date, description and price of goods 
purchased, and name of the wholesaler. Art supplies include paints, pig- 
ments, paper, glass, brushes, palette knives, etc. 
Folio 285. 

368. Carson, Joseph E. 
Drawings. Ca. 1900-1940. 
13 items: ill. (some col.) 

Joseph E. Carson was probably a student when he made these drawings. 
He Uved in Great Falls, New Hampshire. 

Consists of pencil, colored pencil, ink, and watercolor drawings of 
nineteenth-century book illustrations. Depicted are school scenes, a snow- 
ball fight, ships, a Texas Ranger, etc. 
Document 820. 

369. Carson, Mrs. Joseph. 

Autograph collection. 1785-1945, bulk 1814-90. 
256 items. 

Mrs. Carson was a resident of Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, during the period 
in which she collected these autographs of artists. 

Collection includes autographs of American and a few European artists, 
painters, and architects. Among the most notable signatures included are 
those of Victor Audubon, Albert Bierstadt, Frederic Church, Thomas Cole, 
John Singleton Copley, Horatio Greenough, Henry Inman, John Lewis 
Krimmel, Thomas Sully, and Benjamin West. Some materials included in 
the collection contain substantive information, including twelve letters de- 
tailing Frederic Church's trip to South America in 1853 and several manu- 
scripts related to Christ Healing the Sick in the Tcmpile, a painting by Benja- 
min West. 

Name index available. 
Collection 66. 

370. Carter, J. T. 

Account book. 1904-19. 
383 p.: ill.; 28 cm. 

J. T. Carter was a furnituremaker and dealer from Blackpool, England. He 
bought and sold second-hand furniture and other household goods, re- 
paired objects, and made new furniture. Sometime between 1913 and 1917, 
Carter left his profession, moved to Connecticut, and became a minister. 
Volume is a daybook and ledger in which Carter described the goods in his 
inventory. Rough drafts of three of his sermons appear in the middle of the 
Folio 292. 

Doums CoUectUm mid Archwes 101 

371. Carter, Rice and Company. 

Card sample collection. Ca. 1880-99. 

1 cu. ft. (3 boxes). 

James R. Carter and Frederick W. Rice formed their partnership during the 
early 1870s in Boston. 

Collection contains several hundred numbered sample invitation cards, 
tickets, dance programs, menus, note cards, etc. Materials are mounted on 
the pages of three sample books. 

In addition, there are about 500 samples of different card stocks, each con- 
taining its trade name, number of plies or weight, colors available, and 
sizes obtainable. 
Collection 11. 

372. Cash book. 1862-63. 
127 p.; 34 cm. 

This volume contains a daily record of transactions for an unnamed corset- 
maker and includes names of customers, employees, and suppliers as well 
as information on work performed and items sold. The location of the shop 
is not known, though a reference to "expenses to New York" eliminates 
that city. 
Document 98. 

373. Castle, Edwin C. 
Account books. 1879-83. 

2 vols.; 32 cm. 

Edwin C. Castle seems to have been a general merchant who worked in 
Brooklyn, Ava, and Whitestown, New York. 

Manuscripts document the variety of products that Castle sold: silk 
handkerchiefs, hoop skirts, soap, flour, mahogany furniture, "Jenny Lind 
gaiters," etc. An accounting of Castle's investments is also included. 
Document 450. 

374. The Castle of Edinburgh. Ca. 1840. 

1 item: col. ill. 

Peep show of the castle of Edinburgh, depicting building facades, people 
inside the buildings engaged in social activities, people walking in the 
streets, a regiment of soldiers, carriages, etc. 
Collection 220. 

375. Catalogues containing watercolor drawings of Japanese porcelain. Ca. 

2 vols.: col. ill.; 27 cm. or smaller. 

Includes drawings that were probably produced shortly after the Japanese 
began to trade with western nations in the 1850s. The first volume includes 

102 Guide to the Wiiitertltiir Librniy 

depictions of enameled and gilded porcelains, such as teawares, table- 
wares, and reticulated flowerpots as well as screens, fans, and furniture 
with lacquered panels. The second volume features "satsuma" wares, 
mostly vases and decorative bowls. Decorations reflect Western taste. 
Document 543. 

376. Catalogue of pamphlets in my library. Ca. 1835. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Lists pamphlets owned by an unnamed person, who may have resided in 
Philadelphia or one of its surrounding communities. Many works refer to 
the Quakers, suggesting that the owner may have been a member of the 
Society of Friends. Dates of the publications range from the 1720s to 1835. 
Writings are listed alphabetically by title. 
Document 923. 

377. A Catalogue of the household furniture, husbandry stock, and other valu- 
able effects of Lady Fagg, deceased, at her late mansion house at Wood- 
End near Thirsk which by orders of her executors will be sold by auction 
on the premises by Mr. William Sturdy. 1792. 

1 vol.; 23 cm. 

Contains a list of items to be sold at auction from Lady Fagg's estate. Items 

are grouped by the room or outbuilding in which they were housed. Prices 

realized are noted, and a few names of bidders and amounts owed are 

sometimes recorded. 

Document 802. 

378. Cate, John, 1800-? 
Daybook. 1833-42. 
171 p.; 41 cm. 

John Cate lived in Wolfborough, New Hampshire, when he began keeping 
this daybook. 

Volume includes a wide variety of transactions documented as either debits 
or credits. Services mentioned include clock repair, building appraisal, 
joinery, framing, plastering, painting, dressmaking, spinning, weaving, 
hauling, repairing boots and shoes, etc. Other noteworthy items mentioned 
include carrying someone to a temperance meeting, writing a lease, grind- 
ing bark, and auditing town accounts. 
Folio 54. 

379. Catlin. 

Chess set. 1889. 

1 game board -I- 51 pieces. 

Catlin was a manufacturer that patented this chess set, which apparently 

was designed for use while traveling. The leather board folds in half; one 

side serves as the game board, and the remaining area serves as a storage 


Collection 220. 

Dmims Collection mid Archiz'es 103 

380. Catlin, Mary L. 
Photograph album. 1876. 
1 vol.: ill.; 32 x 27 cm. 

Mary L. Catlin, the former owner of this album and the daughter of Ed- 
ward Lansing and Mary jane Satterlee, was a resident of Ondaona, New 
York. She married Capt. Robert Catlin. 

Album consists of twenty-five albumen prints depicting the Satterlee 
house, members of the Satterlee and Catlin families, a mansion belonging 
to the Yates family, a view of the Hudson River, and a chair made in 1565 
by Hugo de Groot. 
Includes an index. 
Document 575. 

381. Caxton Co. 

Caxton school series. 1892. 
50 p.: ill. (some col.); 97 cm. 

This item consists of a wooden cabinet with two doors that contains charts 
and other teaching materials. A full array of subjects is represented, includ- 
ing reading, anatomy, arithmetic, American government, telling time, 
weights and measures, penmanship, elementary bookkeeping, art, map 
reading, and letter writing. Many charts are illustrated with images of chil- 
dren and animals. One chart focuses particularly on West Virginia, suggest- 
ing that this cabinet may have been customized for that state. 
Collection 355. 

382. Caxton Printing Co. 
Sample book. Ca. 1880s. 
44 p.: col. ill.; 16 cm. 

The Caxton Printing Co. was located in Northford, Connecticut. 
Book contains samples of various kinds of cards produced by Caxton, in- 
cluding calling, friendship, remembrance, reward of merit, and business 
cards. Most cards include a price, and many include illustrations of 
flowers, outstretched hands, and birds. 
Document 403. 

383. Centennial Exhibition collection. 1874-76. 
Approx. 90 items: ill. 

The Centennial Exhibition was held in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, from 
May 10 to November 10, 1876, to celebrate the centennial of American in- 
dependence. Although the event was not a financial success, it nevertheless 
provided ample evidence of American progress in such areas as education, 
science, agriculture, industry, and the arts. 

Collection includes photographs, stereo cards, lithographs, advertising ma- 
terials, maps, and other memorabilia of the Centennial Exhibition. Some 

104 Guide to the Wiuterlhiir Library 

collection items relate to pre-fair publicity. Collection also includes a set of 

jigsaw puzzles that, when assembled, show five buildings on the fair 


Finding aid available. 

Collection 259. 

384. Certificates. 1768-1900. 
57 items: ill. (some col.) 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains printed certificates, includ- 
ing examples of birth and death, membership, commission, and school 
graduation certificates. Most are fairly large, and many are in color. Of par- 
ticular note are birth and baptismal certificates from the Pennsylvania Ger- 
man area of south central Pennsylvania. 
Includes index. 
Collection 301. 

385. Chadbourn, Joseph. 
Memo book. 1800-1809. 
42 p.; 15 cm. 

Joseph Chadbourn was a scrivener. 

The first half of the manuscript contains accounts for letters and docu- 
ments written by Chadbourn for others from 1800 to 1804. The second half 
contains entries relating to purchases of household and personal commodi- 
Document 3. 

386. Chambers, David. 
Daybook. 1827-30. 
424 p.; 41 cm. 

David Chambers operated a general store in Newlin, Pennsylvania. 
Chambers sold a vast array of merchandise but seems to have specialized 
in ceramics, fabrics, and sewing supplies. 
Folio 136. 

387. Chambers, Eunice. 
Papers. 1930-67. 
Approx. 160 items: ill. 

Eunice Chambers was a dealer and collector of American art who lived in 
Hartsville, South Carolina, from the 1930s to the 1960s. She considered her- 
self a specialist in the works of S. F. B. Morse. 

Prominent among this collection of papers is correspondence relating to 
early American portraits that Chambers acquired and sold. She often ap- 
proached private collectors, asking if they would be willing to sell what 
they owned. Chambers thoroughly researched the provenances of paint- 
ings and the lives of the sitters, and she managed to attribute several un- 
identified works. 

Dottms Collection and Archives 105 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 451 . 

388. Chambers, Robert William, 1865-1933. 
Sketchbook. Ca. 1880s. 

37 leaves: ill.; 25 x 38 cm. 

Robert William Chambers was an illustrator and novelist. He attended the 

Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and then studied at the Art Students 

League, where Charles Dana Gibson befriended him. Chambers traveled to 

Paris in 1886 and attended the Academie Julian. He returned to America in 

1893, settled in New York, and opened his own studio. He soon became 

known for his illustrations in Life, Vogue, and other magazines. Chambers 

also wrote novels. Over the course of his career, he produced seventy-two 

books, numerous short stories, a drama, and two librettos. 

Sketchbook contains portraits and drawings of sailing vessels, river scenes, 

butterflies, a train, some soldiers, etc. Most are in pencil; two are in black 


Cover title: Original drawings by Robert W. Chambers. 

Folio 242. 

389. Chandler, Elizabeth M. 
Memorabilia. 1793-1855. 
1 box. 

Elizabeth M. Chandler lived in Philadelphia. 

Chandler's box contains poetry, bills for drawing instruction, reward of 
merit cards, calling cards, pencil sketches of rural scenes, silhouettes, let- 
ters, a tintype, jewelry, sewing equipment, etc. 
Collection 168. 

390. Chandler, Francis Ward, 1844-1926. 
Sketchbooks. 1868-69. 

3 vols.: ill. 

Francis Ward Chandler was an architect trained at the Ecole des beaux-arts 
in Paris. He worked in Boston with Edward Clark Cabot and later earned 
an academic appointment to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
where he eventually became head of the Department of Architecture. 
Chandler was a member of the Boston Society of Architects and served as 
the architectural advisor to Boston's mayor from 1896 to 1900. 
Sketchbooks contain 120 pencil drawings of buildings and architectural or- 
nament done while Chandler studied in Paris. Many Gothic-style struc- 
tures are represented, and several dwellings were under construction when 
Chandler drew them. Depictions of ornament include wrought-iron finials, 
stone and wood carvings, inlay, moldings, pilasters, and columns. 
Collection 208. 

106 Guide to the WiiUerthur Library 

391. Chandler, Joseph. 

Business records. 1827-28, 1843-67. 
4 vols. 

Joseph Chandler operated a tavern and general store in Belgrade, Maine. 
Includes two daybooks, covering the periods 1827-28 and 1855-60, and 
two ledgers dating from 1843 to 1867. The earlier volumes record activities 
associated with the management of both a tavern and store. The later vol- 
umes reveal that Chandler eventually stopped selling licpor and, instead, 
carried a wider variety of domestic products. Chandler was sometimes 
paid in goods that he then sold. 
Collection 180. 

392. Chandler, Lewis, Jr. 
Account book. 1814-26. 
164 p.; 16 cm. 

Lewis Chandler Jr. lived in Bernardston, Massachusetts. 

Manuscript records Chandler's personal expenses and his service as a day 


Name index available. 

Document 542. 

393. Chapin, Phineas, 17477-1821. 
Account book. 1782-1812. 

1 vol.; 41 cm. 

Phineas Chapin of Springfield, Massachusetts, was the proprietor of a lum- 
ber and saw mill and a partner in the firm of Chapin, Day & Ely. 
Account book refers to transactions associated with the maintenance of a 
sawmill as well as information regarding the sale of gin, rum, and other 
beverages, suggesting that Chapin may have operated a tavern or still. The 
last page of the manuscript records the births of Chapin's children. 
Name index available. 
Folio 128. 

394. Chapin, Samuel. 
Account book. 1817-30. 
156 p.; 33 cm. 

Samuel Chapin was a furnituremaker from Marlboro, Massachusetts. 
Book records Chapin's activities making and repairing a wide variety of 
furniture: writing desks, kitchen tables, washstands, beds, stands, etc. 
Name index available. 
Document 757. 

395. Chapin family. 
Letters. 1790-1855. 
31 items; 34 cm. 

Dmons Collection and Archwes 107 

Bethesda Chapin, a widow, lived in West Springfield, Massachusetts. She 

had three sons and five daughters. 

Letters, both to and from family members, contain personal information, 

religious sentiments, news of family illnesses, etc. 

Collection 457. 

396. Chapman, John. 
Illuminated manuscript. 1808. 
4 leaves; 17 cm. 

Includes four drawings and poems associated with each. The first depicts 
Adam and Eve with a mermaid; the second shows a lion, a bird, and a 
creature that is half beast and half fowl; and the third and fourth tell the 
story of a man in search of gold. Drawings were executed in pen and ink 
with some yellow coloring. They are probably of Pennsylvania German ori- 
Document 765. 

397. Chapman, Samuel, 1860-1928. 
Papers. 1875-1921. 

6 cu. ft. 

Samuel Chapman was a native of Manchester, England. He immigrated to 
America in 1865 with his family and later found work in local shipyards 
and as a furnituremaker and woodworker. Chapman eventually united 
with financier C. M. Tyler to form the Tyler-Chapman Company, an interior 
woodworking concern that would become known for its designs of eleva- 
tor cabs and ornamental interior woodwork. 

Papers consist of watercolor and ink drawings of mantels, furniture forms, 
wood panels of elevator cabs; photographs of interiors; and various art de- 
sign periodicals. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 98; Microfilm M3016. 

398. Chase, Darius. 

Registry of Chase's picture gallery. 1857-58. 
44 p.; 20 cm. 

Darius Chase was an artist and restorer of oil paintings. A native of Massa- 
chusetts, he worked in Boston as a restorer from 1844 to 1848. In 1851 he 
was living in Philadelphia. Some time during the 1850s, he moved to 
Charleston, South Carolina, where he ran a gallery and worked as a re- 

Volume includes a list of people who visited Chase's gallery and a Hst of 
artists whose works he presumably exhibited. Also included are remarks 
that Chase made on the techniques of painting restoration. 
Document 364. 

108 Guide to llie Wiiilerthiir Lihraiy 

399. Chase, Erastus B. 
Letter book. 1874-78. 
221 leaves; 28 cm. 

Erastus B. Chase of Brooklyn, New York, was a ship's captain; a general 
agent of the Ellis Patent Gas Burner, Regulator, & Shade Combined; an as- 
sociate with an interest in a mirror and picture frame business; and a no- 
tary public. 

Book includes copies of Chase's letters from various ports of call from his 
service as a general agent for the gas-lighting firm as well as others of a 
personal nature. 
Name index available. 
Document 76. 

400. Chase, Hattie N. 
Recipe book. Ca. 1880s. 
73 p.; 15 cm. 

Hattie N. Chase lived in Exeter, New Hampshire. 

Volume includes handwritten cooking recipes and newspaper clippings 

discussing household hints. 

Document 358. 

401. Cheesbrough, Nicholas. H. 
Diary. 1836-38. 

78 p.; 21 cm. 

Nicholas Cheesbrough was a native of Stonington, Connecticut, who 
worked as a clerk at two different New Haven dry-goods stores. 
The first nine pages of this volume contain records of a debating society 
called Clerk's Lyceum. Cheesbrough obtained the volume after members 
voted it out of existence. Cheesbrough's entries refer to his clerking activi- 
ties, his customers, politics, debate topics, churches attended, and a report 
on a major fire in New Haven in August 1837. 
Document 143. 

402. Cheney, Silas Ellis, 1776-1821. 
Ledger and daybooks. 1799-1846. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Silas Ellis Cheney was principally a furnituremaker from Litchfield, Con- 

Manuscripts document Cheney's activities as a furniture- and carriage- 
maker, ornamental painter, and house builder. Store accounts regarding 
purchases of dry goods, groceries, etc., are also part of the collection. 
Original manuscripts at the Litchfield Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2638. 

403. Chestertown House Corporation. 
Records. 1930-51. 

Downs Collection and Archives 109 

2 boxes. 

The Chestertown House Corporation was a nonprofit organization estab- 
lished in New York on March 12, 1930, to further benevolent causes; to 
promote science, literature, art, history, and other areas of knowledge; and 
to maintain and administer real and personal property for museums. Ad- 
ministrative offices were in New York City, and meetings took place at the 
law offices of Milbank, Hope, and Webb in Manhattan. 
Records consist of the certificate of incorporation, bylaws, minute books, 
and annual meeting notices. The 1930 incorporation papers document 
Henry Francis du Font's intention to establish Chestertown House (his resi- 
dence in Southampton, New York) as a museum. 
Finding aid available. 
Archives 7. 

404. Chickering, Almira. 
Album. 1824-34. 
28 p.; 20 cm. 

Almira Chickering attended Framingham Academy and probably com- 
pleted her studies there in 1824. By the end of the 1820s, she was married 
to a man by the name of Scott. 

Album contains twenty-five verses written to Almira by her fellow stu- 
dents and friends about friendship, religion, and fond memories. 
Document 279. 

405. Chinese drawings. Ca. 1790-1860. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 52 x 42 cm. 

Volume contains eighty-two detailed watercolors drawn by various anony- 
mous artists in a number of Canton, China, workshops. The drawings were 
part of the trade in Chinese export watercolors for the British market. De- 
pictions include fruit and flowers, fish, birds, Chinese officials and their 
wives, and scenes of daily life. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 111. 

406. Chintz samples. 1840. 

5 leaves: col. ill.; 29 cm. 

Consists of five pieces of chintz cut for use as fabric samples. Each leaf is 

labeled with what may have been its price. 

Collection 50. 

407. A choice selection of receipts for an earthenware and china manufacturer. 
Ca. 1802^0. 

178 p.; 24 cm. 

Manuscript was created by an anonymous individual or company from 
North Staffordshire, England, engaged in the manufacture and decoration 
of earthenware and china. 

110 Guide to the Wititerthur Library 

Contains a compilation of hundreds of recipes used by such businesses as 
Spode, Coalporl, New Hall, Meigh, Wedgwood, and Caughley. There are a 
number of other miscellaneous formulas and a letter to John Maddock, 
later an important figure in the Trenton, New Jersey, pottery industry, laid 
in. Recipes are for "Greenwood's Blue Enamel," "Beautiful Devonshire 
Brown," "Egyptian Blk.," and "Steel Lustre." 
Document 129. 

408. Christiansen, W. 

Tattoo pattern book. Ca. 1897. 
28 leaves: col. ill.; 12 x 18 cm. 

Contains fifty-two drawings in red and blue of standard tattoo motifs: ship 
anchors, nudes, dancing girls, and Danish and American national em- 
blems. Each also carries a price. 
Document 119. 

409. Christmas and New Years cards. Ca. 1878-83. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 28 cm. 

Scrapbook consists of holiday greeting cards. Although the volume was 
created by Marcus Ward & Co., cards from other firms, including Louis 
Prang & Co. and Raphael Tuck & Sons, are included. 
Title from cover. 
Document 586. 

410. Church, Arthur Herbert, 1834-1915. 
Book review. 1905. 

2 items. 

Sir Arthur Herbert Church was a professor of chemistry who was inter- 
ested in English porcelain. 

Consists of Church's six-page handwritten critique of R. L. Hobson's Cata- 
logue of English Porcelain in the British Miiseiiw along with a letter from Hob- 
son to Church thanking him for his positive review. 
Document 918. 

411. Church, Frederick Shjart, 1842-1924. 
Scrapbook and letters. 1895-1916. 

1 vol. + 1 folder: ill. (some col.) 

Artist F. S. Church was known for his depictions of animals and women in 
sketches, illustrations, and paintings. A native of Grand Rapids, Michigan, 
he received his early art training from a local painter named Hartung. In 
addition to his artistic endeavors. Church worked for the American Ex- 
press Co. and served as a private in the Union forces during the Civil War. 
After the war. Church went to New York and studied art with Walter Shir- 
law and L. M. Wilmarth. He was active in the National Academy of Design 
and was a founding member of the Art Students League. 

DmLJiis CoUectio)! and Archives 111 

Scrapbook contains magazine articles on Church's accomplishments, an ex- 
hibit program, letters, prints of his works, and original sketches. Letters 
contain miscellaneous information on Church's career; two feature original 
Collection 437. 

412. Church, James. 
Account book. 1815-26. 
176 p.; 20 cm. 

James Church made and repaired footwear in Haddam, Massachusetts. 
Volume includes accounts relating to Church's occupation. 
Document 203. 

413. Church meeting minutes. 1719. 
50 p.; 20 cm. 

Manuscript contains by-laws formed at an annual meeting of the Pennsyl- 
vania and New Jersey Society of Friends in Philadelphia. Included are dis- 
cussions of meeting frequency, attendance, and minute-taking; policies on 
the appointment of overseers, offenses against the church, and excommuni- 
cation; and rules of behavior. 
Document 1049. 

414. Cigar box labels. 1896-1905. 
1 box: ill. (some col.) 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains printed cigar box labels, 
printer's proofs, and color separations for cigar labels. Brand competition 
and the falling price of color printing led to the production of ornately de- 
signed cigar labels. Bold colors, the use of gold and embossing, and odd 
juxtapositions of images attracted attention to the product. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 234. 

415. Ciuffo & Ciuffo. 

Drawings of furniture. Ca. 1915-30. 
36 leaves: ill. (some col.) 

Ciuffo & Ciuffo was a custom furnituremaking firm, located on Thirty- 
fourth Street, New York City. 

Collection includes drawings of various furniture forms. The images depict 
chests, beds, mirrors, chairs, sofas, desks, etc. Styles vary from Louis XV to 
early twentieth century. In addition, there is a color chart showing the 
kinds of finishes offered by the firm. Four customer names and addresses 
are recorded. 
Collection 127; Microfilm M3009. 

416. Clair Munson. 

Photographs of furniture. Ca. 1920. 

112 Guide to the Wmterthur Library 

17 items: ill. 

Clair Munson made furniture in Clinton, Iowa. 

Photographs show round-top tables, a few of which are identified as lamp 
stands, and upholstered footstools. On the back of each photo are dimen- 
sions and information about how the furniture was made. The photo- 
graphs are credited to Gilbert Temple. 
Collection 160. 

417. Clap, David. 
Copybook. 1818. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Twelve-year-old David Clap practiced his writing exercises (letters of the 
alphabet, phrases, and verses) in this copybook. 
Document 831. 

418. Clapp, David, 1806-93. 
Travel diaries. 1831, 1841, 1843. 
4 vols.; 17 cm. 

David Clapp was a successful Boston printer. He was born in nearby Dor- 
chester and began to work as a tanner in 1813. Beginning in 1822, he ap- 
prenticed in John Cotton's print shop in Boston and in 1831 began his own 
printing business. Clapp enjoyed memberships in the Massachusetts Chari- 
table Mechanic Association, the New England Historic Genealogical Soci- 
ety, Saint Matthew's Church, and the Boston Old School Boys Association. 
Manuscript travel accounts recount Clapp's journeys to New York City, 
Washington, D.C., and Niagara Falls. 
Document 597. 

419. Clapp, Nathaniel, d. ca. 1830. 
Account book. 1809-30. 

104 p.; 44 cm. 

Nathaniel Clapp was a shoemaker from Rochester, Massachusetts. 

Manuscript documents Clapp's activities as a shoemaker and repairer and 

reveals that many of his customers paid for his services with produce. 

Clapp's executor settled a few of his accounts in 1830. 

Includes index of customer names. 

Bound with the account book of Micah Haskell; see entry 955. 

FoHo 107. 

420. Clapp, William. 
Store inventory. 1854. 
110 p.; 31 cm. 

William Clapp operated a dry-goods store in Boston. 
Inventory of goods on hand as of February 1, 1854, includes such products 
as braids, brushes, mittens, buttons, bonnets, mosquito nets, umbrellas, 
socks, and ribbon. 

Downs Collection and Archives 113 

Alphabetical index of merchandise appears at front of volume. 
Document 290. 

421. Clark, Benjamin, d. 1810. 

Account book. 1802-23, bulk 1802-11. 

1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Benjamin Clark worked as a joiner in Sandisfield, Massachusetts, and was 

also involved in farming activities. 

Volume records payments Clark received for day labor, including carting, 

mending tools, framing, plastering, etc. Volume also notes products that he 

purchased. The last portion of the manuscript relates to the settlement of 

Clark's estate by James Clark and, finally, the settlement of James's estate 

in the 1820s. 

Document 353. 

422. Clark, Daniel A. 
Account book. 1826-53. 
144 p.; 19 cm. 

Daniel A. Clark was a day laborer in Easton, Massachusetts, who worked 
as a carpenter. He also worked in a store run by Oliver Ames. 
Manuscript records money and goods Clark received for his day-laboring 
activities. Work that he performed for Oliver Ames is recorded only by the 
day employed and wage paid. 
Document 338. 

423. Clark, David, 1820-60. 

Account book. 1815-66, bulk 1820-55. 
380 p.; 34 cm. 

David Clark worked in Franklin, New Hampshire, shoeing horses and 
making and repairing a variety of metal goods, including axes, sleighs, 
wagons, plows, drills, etc. 

Accounts are extensive, and most note method of payment through ex- 
change of goods and labor. There are nearly 150 names of local residents. 
Name index available for names beginning with the letters C-T only. 
Document 12. 

424. Clark, Hannah H. 

Diary 1854, 1877, 1880-81, 1886, 1890. 

1 vol.; 26 cm. 

Hannah Clark split her residency between Baltimore and the countryside. 

In 1854 she had been a widow for seven years and may have been residing 

with her husband's family. 

Diary entries describe Clark's daily activities and family life, including her 

attendance at camp meetings, church services, and public lectures; her 

reading habits; the marriage of a family member; her trips to the country; 

observations on a fire that damaged a local church; etc. 

Document 434. 

114 Guide to the WinterlUiir Libraiy 

425. Clark, Horace. 

Daybooks. 1822-24. 

2 vols.; 20 cm. 

Horace Clark and his associate Erastus Holcomb were blacksmiths in 

Granby, Connecticut. 

Volumes note Clark's and Holcomb's blacksmithing activities, including 

horseshoeing, mending wagon parts, and making metal objects, such as 

knives, chains, hooks, hinges, bolts, etc. 

Document 671. 

426. Clark, James. 

Account book. 1846-47, 1876. 

12 p.; 16x20 cm. 

James Clark made furniture in Wilmington, Delaware. 

Book contains an account between Clark and Samuel Crittenden. Clark 

made mahogany and cherry furniture (dressing bureaus, trundle beds, low 

post bedsteads, breakfast tables, bookcases, and dining tables) and coffins 

for Crittenden. 

Document 929. 

427. Clark, John Innes. 

Invoice book. 1801-8. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

John Innes Clark was a merchant in Providence, Rhode Island. 
Book consists of invoices of merchandise imported and exported by Clark 
to ports around the world. Entries list the names of ships, captains, desti- 
nations, consignors, and merchandise shipped. Such products as nankeen, 
telescopes, watches, wine, earthenware, tea, hide, cotton hose, and printed 
textiles are mentioned. 
Document 714; Microfilm M1532. 

428. Clark, Joseph. 

Receipt book. 1812-16. 
1 vol.; 10 x 17 cm. 

Joseph Clark lived in Philadelphia and was involved in printing and /or 
the sale of printed matter. 

Volume contains receipts for purchases that Clark made from various ven- 
dors. Most of the entries note dollars paid without further explanation; in- 
terspersed are some references to such things as rent, taxes, and expendi- 
tures for clothing. Clark's volume notes purchases of paper by the ream 
and type from a Lancaster, Pennsylvania, supplier and an order for thirteen 
hundred pamphlets. 
Document 908. 

Dmviis Collection and Archives 115 

429. Clark, Samuel. 

Student notebooks. 1873-77. 
3 vols.; 26 cm. 

Samuel Clark was a member of Dartmouth College's class of 1877 and 
compiled these notebooks in the school's Chandler Scientific Department. 
Volumes contain drawings done as student exercises. The first volume con- 
sists of free drawing. The second volume relates to surveying. The third 
contains isometric drawings. 
Document 81. 

430. Clarke, Anna. 
Schoolbooks. Ca. 1870. 
2 vols.; 18 X 22 cm. 

Anna Clarke was a student when she used these volumes. 

Both volumes, Ellsiuorth's Syslematically Arranged Copy Books and Spencerian 

System of Practical Penmanship, were designed to teach handwriting. The 

books also contain illustrations of such things as school supplies, a sewing 

machine, and a schoolroom. 

Document 959; Document 961. 

431. Clarke, Benjamin, 1730-1811. 
Account book. 1769-1812. 

1 vol.; 42 cm. 

Benjamin Clarke was a merchant and brazier from Boston. He graduated 
from Harvard in 1750 and served in various public capacities. In 1764 he 
was a member of the Society for Encouraging Trade and Commerce, and in 
1768 he signed the merchants nonimportation agreement. At the outbreak 
of the Revolutionary War, Clarke retired to nearby Nantucket and then 
moved to Norwich, Connecticut; he remained loyal to the Crown. After the 
war Clarke returned to Boston, where he became Justice of the Peace in 
1784 and carried on his business until he died. 

Account book notes debits and credits associated with Clarke's work. He 
sold a wide variety of merchandise, from sheep shears to sail cloth, but is 
best known for his brass and metal wares. His business included contacts 
as far away as Baltimore, and he invested in several venture cargoes. Many 
of the entries include the occupation of customers. 
Folio 247. 

432. Clarke, George H. 

Spencerian system of practical penmanship in 12 numbers, four distinct se- 
ries. 1864. 

1 vol.: ill.; 22 x 18 cm. 
George H. Clarke was a student in 1870. 

Includes Clarke's handwriting exercises. The front and back covers feature 
illustrations of school supplies and other items. 
Document 962. 

116 Guide to the WiiUerthur Library 

433. Clarke, Thomas B., 1849-1931. 
Scrapbook and register. 1872-79, 1921-22. 
2 vols.: ill.; 26 cm. or smaller. 

Thomas B. Clarke resided in New York City. He collected American paint- 
ings and Chinese porcelain, served as president of the New York School of 
Applied Design for six years, and participated in the Union League Club. 
Volume one, with a caption title of "A memorandum book, description of a 
collection of oil paintings," describes paintings owned by Clarke, paintings 
he purchased for other collections, trades and sales from his own collec- 
tion, loans Clarke made to galleries, and Clarke's porcelain collection. Vol- 
ume two is a scrapbook relating to exhibitions of early American portraits 
at the Union League Club. 
Collection 315. 

434. Clearwater, Alphonso Trumphour, 1848-1933. 
Papers. 1901-33. 

14 boxes. 

Alphonso T. Clearwater was a native of West Point, New York. Educated 
locally, he received an honorary degree from Rutgers College in 1903 for 
distinction in public service. Clearwater was admitted to the bar in 1871; 
served as the District Attorney of Ulster County, New York; and was a 
judge on the New York Supreme Court and Court of Appeals. He was an 
avid collector of American silver. 

Papers relate to Clearwater's silver-collecting. Most of the papers are corre- 
spondence with dealers, other collectors, and museums, particularly the 
Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. Also included are cata- 
logue cards listing items in Clearwater's collection and some photographs, 
articles, and pamphlets. 
Folder title listing available. 
Collection 65. 

435. Clemens, E. J. 

Clemens' silent teacher: dissected map of the United States and of each 
state in counties. 1829. 
1 game box: col. ill. 

E. J. Clemens, a clergyman, manufactured his game in Clajrville, New York. 
The game was designed to teach geography of the United States to chil- 
dren. The cover shows a map of the country and depicts children dressed 
in costume to reflect traditional clothing of various ethnic groups. 
Collection 220. 

436. Clements, John. 
Daybook. 1836-46. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

John Clements made carriages in West Amesbury, Massachusetts. 
Includes the daily work of a carriage shop for a decade. Clements repaired 

Downs Collection and Archives 117 

carriage bodies and wheels, made seats and other parts for sleds, worked 
on spokes and harnesses, and sold new carriages. 
Document 522. 

437. Cleveland, Lyman W. 
Papers. Ca. 1940-50. 

1 vol.: ill; 30 cm. 

Lyman W. Cleveland was an architect and interior designer in Philadelphia 

specializing in commercial and hotel interiors. 

Includes a binder with photographs of building interiors that Cleveland 

designed, a drawing of a neo-Georgian facade, and clippings relating to 

Cleveland's work for hotels. 

Document 312. 

438. Clinton, Louisa M. 
Drawings. 1824-40. 
26 items: col. ill. 

An envelope that accompanies these drawings carries the inscription: 
"Louisa M. Clinton library, granddaughter of Gen. Clinton; her teacher was 
the art teacher Victoria." Five of the drawings are signed "by MMM." Clin- 
ton is credited as the artist of these works. 

Includes drawings in pen-and-ink and sepia, miniature watercolor por- 
traits, and a miniature landscape. The drawings show details of furniture 
and furnishings in addition to architectural detail. Scenes reflect an image 
of a country house in Scotland. 
Collection 286. 

439. Cloth sample book. 1836. 
50 leaves: ill.; 31 x 19 cm. 

Item was given to Catherine Hillegas in 1836 by J. W. Gibbs, a Philadelphia 
merchant. Parke Edwards, a metalsmith who worked in the Philadelphia 
area during the twentieth century, later acquired it for his {personal library. 
Consists of fifty pieces of calico fabric, perhaps available through J. W. 
Gibb's store. 
Collection 50. 

440. Cloyd, Samuel. 
Daybook. 1859-70. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Samuel Cloyd was a woodworker in Orbisonia, Pennsylvania. 
Daybook documents Cloyd's woodworking activities, including construct- 
ing, painting, and repairing furniture; lettering and painting signs; framing 
pictures; staining and varnishing; making coffins; fixing handles; etc. Cloyd 
purchased most of his supplies from M. Starr & Co. 
Document 410. 

118 Guide to the Winterthur Library 

441. Coady, Frederick. 

Account book. 1841-84, bulk 1841-45. 
324 p.; 42 cm. 

Frederick Coady, a painter who lived in Ogdensburg, New York, main- 
tained at least part of this volume. John Newman and the partnership of 
Coady & Newman also maintained parts of this book at different times. 
Consists of entries relating to the painting of various products: washstands, 
buggies, wagons, boxes, doors, a "chequer board," etc. 
The volume was used in the 1880s as a scrapbook and recipe book. 
Folio 1. 

442. Coates, E. Clive. 
Scrapbook. Ca. 1856. 

68 leaves: ill. (some col.); 37 cm. 

Inscription at the beginning of the scrapbook reads "E. Clive Coates, Dub- 
lin Castle." 

Volume includes pencil drawings (some of which have been watercolored), 
tracings, and a few printed plates depicting Victorian furniture. Some of 
the drawings have the embossed seal of "W. C. Marks, Cabinet, Upholstery 
and Looking Glass Rooms, Dublin." A drawing of a sofa is signed by 
James Lindsay and dated March 1856. Printed plates include one published 
by C. R. Carter of London; another is headed "International Exhibition. Ex- 
hibited in Class 30 By." 
Document 16. 

443. Coates, George Morrison, 1779-1868. 
Account book. 1824-35. 

1 vol.; 42 cm. 

George Morrison Coates was a Quaker merchant from Philadelphia. He at- 
tended Friends Grammar School in Philadelphia and learned the hardware 
business from Benjamin Horner. Coates married his mentor's daughter and 
then joined his brother-in-law, Joseph P. Horner, in selling hardware. By 
1824 he was working as a jobber in the pottery business. 
Volume records various kinds of ceramics and glassware purchased and 
sold by Coates. He acquired most of his merchandise in Philadelphia and 
New York City, and a few glassworks and potteries are noted as suppliers. 
The bulk of his sales were to country merchants. 

Account book used in preparation of George L. Miller, "George M. Coates: 
Pottery Merchant of Philadelphia, 1817-31" Wintertfmr Portfolio, vol. 19, no. 
1 (Spring 1984): 37-50. 

Coates letter books located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Folio 175. 

444. Coates family. 

Silhouette collection. 18007-1825? 

Danms Collection ami Archwes 119 

50 leaves: ill.; 18 x 23 cm. 

Members of the Coates family — merchants, importers, and doctors — were 
prominent residents of Philadelphia. 

Manuscript volume contains seventy-seven silhouettes mounted on black 
backgrounds. In addition, there are Scherenschnitten pictures and un- 
mounted silhouettes. Members of the Coates family are depicted. Other de- 
pictions include the Hornor, Morrison, Evans, Redman, Randolph, Picker- 
ing, Snowden, and Yarnall families. Many of the silhouettes are embossed 
with the seal of the Peale Museum. 

Volume is accompanied by mounted photographs of fifty-five of the silhou- 
Document 139. 

445. Cobb, Reuben H. 
Account book. 1849-50. 
7 p.; 42 cm. 

Reuben Cobb was a shopkeeper in Lebanon, Maine. 

Small volume includes entries for the sale of such items as brass cupboard 

catches, rosewood knobs, cook stoves, door handles, nails, linseed oil, etc. 

Covers January through May 1849 and April through May 1850. 

Folio 56. 

446. Cocheco Manufacturing Company. 
Fabric samples. Ca. 1880s. 

4 items. 

The Cocheco Manufacturing Company produced printed textiles in Dover, 
New Hampshire. It evolved from the Dover Cotton Factory, a business that 
was established in 1812. In 1909 Cocheco became part of the Pacific Mills of 
Lawrence, Massachusetts. The Dover mill was finally closed in the 1840s. 
Another firm, Lawrence & Co., was Cocheco's marketing agent beginning 
in the 1840s and lasting until 1929, when it was liquidated. 
Collection includes four accordion folders that feature twenty-two fabric 
samples. Three folders have examples of printed cottons, and one has ex- 
amples of extra-heavy twilled cretonne. Information about the amount of 
fabric produced and shipping dates is written on the folders. Geometric 
and floral patterns predominate. 

Records of the Cocheco Manufacturing Company located at the Museum of 
American Textile History, North Andover, Massachusetts. 
Collection 50. 

447. Coddington, J. W. 

A course of instruction in the laboratory and repository exercises, together 
with observations on military law, brigading, casting, ordnance, etc. Ca. 

120 Guide to the Wiuterlhur Library 

304 p.: ill. (some col.); 21 cm. 

J. W. Coddington was probably a student in Woolwich, formerly a naval 

port located in Kent, England. 

Volume includes notes and illustrations in watercolor and pen-and-ink kept 

for a course in military engineering. 

Index of topics and tables in front of volume. 

Document 367. 

448. Coddington, Moses. 

Account book. 1824-27, 1832-34, 1848-50. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Moses Coddington sold bricks in New York City. 

Book lists sales of bricks, who bought them, buildings and sites where the 
bricks were delivered, and the names of the cart drivers who made the de- 
liveries. At the back of the volume are accounts associated with the estates 
of Coddington and Jacob Schatzel. 

Name index at the front of the volume. Index also available in typescript. 
Document 665. 

449. Codecasa, Benedict. 

Muster karte von iermesiit, scalli, cettari, und scalagia nach Ostindischer 

1 vol.; 42 cm. 

Benedict Codecasa was an authorized silk manufacturer from Vienna, Aus- 

Consists of twelve panels, each containing twenty-two numbered swatches 
of colored woven silk and cotton. Includes two of Codecasa's trade labels 
that summarize his business and note his address. 
Collection 50. 

450. Coes, Charles M. 
Daybook. 1843-47. 
21 p.; 43 cm. 

Charles M. Coes was a tailor originally from Kennebunkport, Maine. He 
was related by marriage to Cyrus Dodge, founder of the C. Dodge Furni- 
ture Company. 

Volume records the many facets of Coes's tailoring work. Later entries re- 
veal that Coes had moved his business to Newton Corner, perhaps in Mas- 
Folio 147. 

451. Coffin, Marian Cruger, 1876-1957. 
Papers. 1876-1957. 

5 boxes + 37 folios -I- 309 photographs: ill. (some col.) 

Marian Cruger Coffin was a landscape architect. She graduated from the 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1904 with a degree in fine arts 

Downs CoUectioii and Archives 


Entry 451. Marian Coffin was a landscape architect who was en- 
gaged by H. F. du Pont to design much of his garden at Winter- 

122 Guide to the Wiutertluir Library 

and landscape design. She also studied privately with Guy Lowell, a Bos- 
ton architect who designed the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. In 1904 Cof- 
fin opened her own landscape practice in New York City. Following World 
War I, architect James Scheiner joined her firm. Coffin received many hon- 
ors, including election to the American Society of Landscape Architects. 
She moved her practice to New Haven in the early 1930s and in 1940 wrote 
Trees and Shrubs for Landscape Effects (New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1940). 
Papers consist of correspondence, corporate records, planting lists, specifi- 
cations, drawings, and photos that reflect Coffin's career and her work, 
chiefly on the East Coast, for various individuals and organizations. 
Among her clients were Henry Francis du Pont, New York Botanical Gar- 
den, Marshall Field, Frederick Frelinghuysen, and E. F. Hutton. There is 
also information about Coffin's own property, Wendover, in Watch Hill, 
Rhode Island. 
Finding aid available. 
Archives 5. 

452. Cogdell, John Stevens, 1778-1847. 
Diaries and letter books. 1808-41. 
6 vols.: ill.; 22 cm. 

John Stevens Cogdell, a native of Charleston, South Carolina, was admitted 
to his state's bar in 1799. One year later, he traveled to Italy, which fueled 
his interest in drawing and painting. Though Cogdell was unable to subsist 
on the proceeds of his art, he continued to paint as often as possible. His 
work was exhibited at the Boston Athenaeum, the National Academy of 
Design, the Charleston Library Society, and the Pennsylvania Academy of 
the Fine Arts. Cogdell was also an active member of his community who 
served in the South Carolina House of Representatives and as comptroller 
general of South Carolina. He also served as president of the Bank of South 
Carolina from 1832 to 1847. 

In these manuscripts Cogdell wrote about his experiences in Italy and 
about artists that he knew or critiqued, including Washington AUston, Gil- 
bert Stuart, Benjamin West, Rembrandt Peale, Jonathan Mason, and 
Thomas Sully. He frequently went to Philadelphia, New York City, and 
Boston, where he visited museums and met with fellow artists. Cogdell il- 
lustrated scenes that he saw on his trips. Two of the volumes concern Cog- 
dell's methods of modeling, sculpting, and painting. 
Collection 252. 

453. Colburn, Arthur R. 
Photograph album. Ca. 1895-1925. 
1 vol.; 30 X 18 cm. 

Arthur R. Colburn worked as an attorney in Washington, D.C., and lived in 
nearby Takoma Park, Maryland. 

Album contains photographs of both the exterior and interior of the Col- 
burn family dwelling. Interior depictions show room decorations, including 

Downs CoUection and Archives 123 

two paintings by local artist Helen F. Colburn, perhaps one of Arthur's sis- 
Document 445. 

454. Cole, Elizabeth C. 
Copybook. 1837. 

1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Elizabeth C. Cole, a student, used this volume as her first copybook of 

Consists of rules and examples for the use of words and phrases. The front 
cover features charts on the conversion of English and American money 
and a multiplication table, all within a decorative border. The back cover 
contains advertising for Menzies Rayner, the seller of this book, and an il- 
lustration showing the earth's temperature zones. 
Document 817. 

455. Cole, R. H. 
Letter book. 1871. 
90 p.; 21 cm. 

Manuscript contains copies of letters that both R. H. Cole and his wife 
wrote to their children during a trip to Europe. They cover the Coles' At- 
lantic crossing and the time they spent in Ireland, England, Germany, Swit- 
zerland, and Italy. They seem to have been accompanied by another cou- 
ple. The Coles visited museums, archaeological sites, and churches, and 
they wrote about their dining experiences. Of particular note is their visit 
to the studio of artist Hiram Powers in Florence and a photograph of him 
in his work clothes. 
Document 854. 

456. Cole, Thomas, 1801-48. 
Papers. 1820-48. 

4 microfilm reels. 

Thomas Cole, a native of England, was a landscape, portrait, and religious 
painter. A pioneer of the Hudson River School, Cole was a founder of the 
National Academy. After spending time in Philadelphia, New York City, 
and Europe, he settled in Catskill, New York. 

Papers include notes, sketches, diary notations, poetry, letters, catalogues, 
and miscellaneous ephemera. 

Originals are at the Detroit Institute of Arts and the New York State Li- 

Includes a summary of contents. 
Microfilm M314, M437-M439. 

457. Coleman, Robert, 1748-1825. 
Account book. 1810-26, 1836^8. 
97 p.; 21 cm. 

124 Guide to the Winterthur Lihrniy 

Robert Coleman was an ironmaster in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. A 
native of Ireland, he came to America in 1764 and settled in Reading, Penn- 
sylvania. He learned ironmaking from Curtis and Peter Grubb and married 
the daughter of another ironmaker, James Old. Coleman ran the Elizabeth 
Furnace, which was a chief supplier of cannon and shot to American forces 
during the Revolutionary War. Coleman was a Federalist and a local office- 

Manuscript records miscellaneous accounts kept by Coleman, including 
wages earned by his domestics, amounts expended for furniture, and what 
he paid for grain, wood, and bricks for construction work. Separate por- 
tions of the manuscript document wages paid to bricklayers for building a 
house and fees paid to a coachman named James Firman. 
Name index available. 
Document 572. 

458. Coleman-Smith, Richard 
British slip ware. 1962. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 44 cm. 

Richard Coleman-Smith was a lecturer in art education at the University of 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, and a student of medieval potterymaking 


Text, describing the history of British potterymaking, is accompanied by 

watercolor illustrations that depict items uncovered during excavations, 

kilns, and the process of crafting pottery. Coleman-Smith describes various 

pottery forms, how handles were made, decoration of pottery, ecclesiastical 

influences on potterymaking, and mechanization. 

Includes bibliography. 

Folio 112. 

459. Collage album. Ca. 1870s. 
17 p.: ill.; 42 cm. 

The volume was originally used to record "persons keeping liquor and 
beer saloons, 1871-72." It was created by pasting wallpaper samples and 
clippings of house furnishings onto pages and arranging them to represent 
seventeen room interiors. 
Folio 144. 

460. Collage album. Ca. 1870s. 
29 leaves: ill.; 36 cm. 

An unnamed person maintained this Victorian album of collage interiors 
featuring period engravings of furnishings and patterned wallpaper. Laid 
in the front are unused clippings of furnishings and individuals. The last 
few pages contain pencil drawings of building exteriors. 
Folio 36. 

DoiLms Collection and Archives 


461. Collage album. Ca. 1880s. 

1 vol.: ill (some col.); 39 cm. 

Scrapbook contains original drawings, engravings, woodcuts, photographs, 
cutouts from period publications, wallpaper scraps, and fabric swatches ar- 
ranged in room layouts. Rooms created include three parlors, four cham- 
bers, and a picture gallery, dance hall, sewing room, nursery, kitchen, china 
closet, music room, etc. A stationer's label from Salem, Massachusetts, sug- 
gests that the album's compiler was from that town or area. 
Folio 288. 

462. Collage album. Ca. 1880-1900. 
31 leaves: ill.; 35 cm. 

Includes thirty -one depictions of household scenes that were assembled by 
arranging clippings from contemporary publications. Women are shown 
engaged in activities in several parlors and in a kitchen. 
Folio 252. 

Entry 461. A collage album, or scrapbook, containing images of what a room 
looked like in the mind of a late nineteenth-century young adult interior de- 
signer. Ca. 1880s. 

126 Guiile to the Winlcrlliur Librnnj 

463. Collage album. Ca. 1883-90. 
20 leaves: ill.; 32 cm. 

A bookseller's label notes that the album came from Salem, Massachusetts. 
Another label records its patent date. May 22, 1883. 
Volume is a Victorian album containing collage interiors featuring period 
engravings of American furnishings. Compiler re-created fourteen rooms 
including parlors, living rooms, a dining room, a music room, and a 
woman's workroom. Engravings are embellished with patterned wallpaper, 
gilt doily strips, tissue paper, and silver foil. 
Document 13. 

464. Collages. Ca. 1870s. 
6 items: ill. 

Consists of six loose pages depicting scenes in a Victorian home embel- 
lished with wallpaper samples and clippings of house furnishings and peo- 
ple. Most rooms look like parlors and show women and children attired 
Folio 145. 

465. Collection of Chinese export watercolors. Ca. 1790-1860. 
8 vols.: col. ill. 

Chinese export watercolors were painted in the port cities of China for sale 
to Western customers. Until the mid nineteenth century, merchants usually 
brought them to the West as souvenirs. Later, the paintings were sold on 
the popular market. The paintings were done in workshops by batteries of 
artists using techniques of mass production. The paper that they used was 
often European, especially from the English firm of]. Whatman. Artists 
also used Chinese pith paper. 

This artificial (and still open) collection includes seven albums of Chinese 
watercolors on pith paper and one volume on paper produced in part by 
the Whatman mill. Illustrations show Chinese figures, insects, flowers, 
birds, fish, etc. 
Collection 111. 

466. Collingwood, Cuthbert, 1810-? 
Autobiographical letter. 1880. 

6 p.; 35 cm. 

Cuthbert Collingwood was a native of Salem, New Hampshire. With his 
family, he moved to Boston and attended schools there. He later worked as 
a merchant. 

In this letter, Collingwood reminisces about his childhood in Salem and 
Boston, describes the trip he took from one town to the other when his 
family moved, and comments about the impact of the War of 1812 on Bos- 
Document 313. 

Downs Collection and Archives 127 

467. Collinson, C. 

Drawings, furniture, etc. Ca. 1820s. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 34 cm. 

C. Collinson's business was located in London. 

Consists of pencil sketches, wash drawings, watercolors, and hand-colored 

lithographs showing window treatments, furnished dining rooms, room 

layouts, and individual pieces of furniture. Such items as draperies, bed 

curtains, upholstered sofas and chairs, hall chairs, screens, and tables are 


Document 602. 

468. Collson, William. 
Account book. 1763-1816. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

William Collson was a furnituremaker and housebuilder who worked first 
in Boston and nearby Cambridge and later relocated to Northampton, Mas- 

Book records Collson's woodworking activities: improving the study rooms 
of several professors, attaching barn doors, mending and framing win- 
dows, installing locks, repairing flooring, and building furniture. He made 
beds, tables, chests, and chairs. 
Folio 263; Microfilm M1896. 

469. Colored plates. Ca. 1850-90. 
17 items: col. ill. 

Collection consists of plates from miscellaneous toy catalogues from Ger- 
many. Chalets, castles, tool chests, sabres, fire trucks, candlesticks, tank- 
ards, brass articles, and firearms are illustrated. Some lithographers are re- 
corded, including J. Leopold, Julius Stahlhuth, and Anton Kolb. 
Collection 356. 

470. Colt, William. 
Ledger. 1859-88. 
1 microfilm reel. 

William Colt made and repaired furniture in Newberry, Pennsylvania. 
In addition to recording Coifs work on furniture, manuscript includes do- 
mestic accounts and references to agricultural products. 
Original ledger in private hands at time of filming. 
Microfilm M1407. 

471. Columbus Card Company. 
Agent's sample book. Ca. 1870-90. 
24 p.: col. ill.; 18 cm. 

Contains forty-two samples of cards: business, calling, greeting, and 
"joker." Flowers, birds, and outstretched hands are often incorporated into 
the designs. Stock numbers and prices are included. 
Document 356. 

128 Guide to the Whitertluir Library 

472. Comings, Joseph S. 

Account book. 1829-65. 

1 vol.; 27 cm. 

Joseph S. Comings was a sawyer from Cornish, New Hampshire. 

Account book records Comings's sawing activities, noting kinds of wood 

and the purpose for sawing. Wood products, nails, plows, lamp oil, and 

domestic goods are all mentioned. 

Document 545. 

473. Comstock, Helen. 
Papers. 1959-65. 
4 boxes. 

Helen Comstock was born in Kansas City, Missouri, and educated at Wash- 
ington University, St. Louis, and at the University of California. She began 
her editorial work on the staff of the Jnlernaiional Studio and later worked 
for Antiques magazine. Comstock wrote numerous articles and books on 
American art and decoration. She married watercolorist Helmut Siber. 
Collection consists mainly of correspondence generated during the course 
of her research for two books: Americati Furniture, published in 1962, and 
The Looking Glass in America, 1700-1825, published in 1968. There are also 
accompanying photographs of furniture, period rooms, and artwork. Many 
photographs indicate the name of the institution that provided Comstock 
with the image. 
Collection 44. 

474. Coney, Jabez. 
Diary. 1867-68. 
73 p.: ill.; 20 cm. 

Jabez Coney was a resident of Boston. He was affiliated with the Globe 
Works Foundry, worked as a consulting engineer, and considered himself 
an inventor. 

Volume includes Coney's ideas for inventions, including improvements for 
a barrel, elevator, circular saw, steam boiler, railroad tank car, and wagon 
Document 894. 

475. Connecticut. Register of Probate Records. 

Probate records for the town of Fairfield, Connecticut. 1648-1783. 
8 microfilm reels. 

Probate inventories listing possessions of Fairfield's recently deceased resi- 

Index available. 
Microfilm M2553-M2560. 

Downs Collection and Archives 129 

476. Connecticut. Register of Probate Records. 

Probate records for the town of New Haven, Connecticut. 1647-1830. 

16 microfilm reels. 

Collection includes microfilm of volumes 1-6 of probate inventories listing 

possessions of recently deceased residents of New Haven. 

Index available. 

Microfilm M2561-M2576. 

477. Connecticut grand lists. 1802-44. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Volume includes tax information for the state of Connecticut covering the 
period from 1802 to 1821 and for the town of New London, Connecticut, 
fori 821. 

Original materials located at the Connecticut Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2984. 

478. Conrad, Sarah Ann. 
Copybook. 1852. 

32 p.; 20 cm. 

Sarah (or Sallie) Ann Conrad was a student in Chester County, Pennsylva- 
nia, when she kept this volume. 

Contains lecture notes on meteorology, physiology, magnetism, chemistry, 
and other school subjects. The back cover shows a printed multiplication 
Document 771. 

479. Constable, William, 1752-1803. 
Accounts. 1794-98. 

1 microfilm reel. 

William Constable was a wealthy merchant from New York City who lived 
in London for a time. 

Among other records, accounts include a room-by-room inventory of Con- 
stable's residence in London. 

List of names and occupations mentioned in accounts available. 
Original accounts located in the New York Public Library and noted on 
page 186 of the library's Dictionary Catalog of the Manuscript Division, pub- 
lished in 1967 by G. K. Hall. 
Microfilm M936. 

480. Constitutions of the journeymen's and workingmen's associations, Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania. 1812-56. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Records include constitutions of various working societies and associations 
in Philadelphia, including coach painters, brickmakers, shipwrights, sad- 
dlers, carpenters, bookbinders, etc. They were selected for filming from a 
larger group of similar records. 

130 Gitiiie to the Wiiilertliur Lihrniy 

Summary of contents available. 

Original materials located at the Pennsylvania State Archives. 

Microfilm M1901. 

481. Conway, Louise Schoenberger. 
Wedding present list. 1908. 

1 vol.; 22 cm. 

Louise Schoenberger of Chicago married Barret Conway on June 1, 1908. 
Volume lists presents given to Louise and Barret Conway when they mar- 
ried. Most gifts were domestic items, such as dinnerware, silver, trays, fur- 
niture, etc. 
Document 493. 

482. Cook, Nathan Topping. 
Account book. 1792-1861. 
1 vol.; 42 cm. 

Nathan Topping Cook was a furnituremaker from Bridgehampton, New 

Book records Cook's furnituremaking activities and includes miscellaneous 
accounts by other family members. Among the furniture Cook made were 
chairs and beds. He supplemented his income by working on shafts for 
wagons, bread trays, rolling pins, and rakes. Many of the manuscript's 
later entries refer to making and washing shirts. 
Folio 245. 

483. Cooper, Samuel, 1772-98. 
Estate records. 1798-1806. 
75 p.; 33 cm. 

Samuel Cooper was born in Talbot County, Maryland. He studied medicine 
in Philadelphia and then settled in Easton, Pennsylvania. Cooper eventu- 
ally returned to Philadelphia, where he practiced medicine until he suc- 
cumbed to yellow fever in the epidemic of 1798. 

Volume includes a full account of the settlement of Cooper's estate. It also 
contains remembrances of and orations on Cooper's life from his fellow 
physicians, copies of letters and official documents about Cooper, and 
some of Cooper's original poetry. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 468. 

484. Cooper, W. A. 
Album. Ca. 1880-1920. 
1 vol.: ill.; 45 x 53 cm. 

W. A. Cooper, a resident of New York City, may have been the photogra- 
pher of the pictures in this album. 

Album contains thirty black-and-white photographs of the exterior and in- 
terior of a large mansion decorated in ornate Victorian style. The mansion 

Downs Collect imi and Archives 131 

pictured is believed to be Lynnewood Hall, a home in Elkins Park, Penn- 
Folio 44. 

485. Cooper-Austin House. 
Photograph album. Ca. 1902^0. 
1 vol.: ill.; 21 x 26 cm. 

The Cooper-Austin House is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It was 

originally built in 1657 for John Cooper. Today it is owned and maintained 

by the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities. 

Album contains interior and exterior photographs of the house as well as a 

brief history of its occupants. Photographs are credited to Halliday Historic 

Photo Co. Interior shots depict the house in period settings. 

Document 916. 

486. Copybook. Ca. 1830. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Book contains handwriting exercises in a volume sold by Wm. J. Reynolds 
& Co., a schoolbook and stationery dealer in Boston. The front cover fea- 
tures an illustration of the Erie Canal, and the back cover features a multi- 
plication table. 
Document 818. 

487. Copybook. Ca. 1830. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Includes handwriting exercises on the letters of the alphabet, words, 
phrases, etc. Pictures of children and farm animals illustrate the front 
cover, and a multiplication table is printed on the back cover. 
Document 813. 

488. Corbit family 

Account books. 1795-1830. 
1 vol. -I- 1 microfilm reel. 

Several members of the Corbit family were involved in the operation of a 
tannery in Cantwell's Bridge (now Odessa), Delaware. Established by Wil- 
liam in 1767, the tannery was subsequently operated by his son, Pennell, 
from 1794 to 1820 and then by Pennell's half-brother, Daniel, a former mer- 
chant, from 1820 to 1854. 

Collection consists of seven account books — one an original manuscript, 
the others on microfilm — documenting the Corbit family's tannery and the 
estate of Pennell Corbit. Included is an inventory of the tannery. Additional 
accounts seem to be for a general store run by John Starr and Samuel 

Name indexes appear in three of the volumes. 
Collection 297; Microfilm M321. 

132 Gidde to the WiiitertUur Library 

489. Cortlandt, Billings & Co. 
Account book. 1784-86. 
76 p.; 49 cm. 

Cortlandt, Billings & Co. was a firm of New York City merchants. 
Volume records products purchased and sold by the firm from 1784 
through 1785. In 1786 the volume was used as a daybook and kept by a 
different hand. Most entries refer to household goods, including a writing 
desk, a backgammon table, closet locks, silver services, cutlery, children's 
books, etc. Clients included members of the Stuyvesant, Ten Broeck, and 
Schuyler families as well as Alexander Hamilton. Customers who were 
craftsmen are sometimes identified by trade. 
Folio 169. 

490. Coultas, Elizabeth. 
Recipe book. 1749-50. 
19 leaves; 20 cm. 

Elizabeth Coultas probably lived in Pennsylvania. 

Most of the recipes in this volume are for food or medicine. Included are 
recipes for making puddings, meatballs, meat dishes, pies, cakes, etc. 
Coultas also includes directions for fashioning salves, cold syrups, oint- 
ments, tooth powder, etc. 
Document 1044. 

491. Coultras, James, d. 1768. 
Ledgers. 1760-70. 

2 vols. 

James Coultras, a resident of Blockley Township, Pennsylvania, was a 

Coultras called his first volume "Daybook and ledger regarding my own 
concerns begin Jan. 1, 1760." The second volume contains accounts related 
to the settlement of his estate. Both consist primarily of accounts related to 
agricultural pursuits and day laborers that Coultras hired. Volume two was 
subsequently used by E. W. Thomas, another farmer from Blockley Town- 
ship, from 1815 to 1822. 
Name index at the front of the volume. 
Folio 235. 

492. Cousins, Frank, 1851-1925. 
Photographs. Ca. 1890-1920. 
17 items: ill. 

Frank Cousins, an author and publisher, wrote about historic architecture. 
Collection includes an album of photographs of historic buildings in Salem, 
Massachusetts. Both interior and exterior views are shown. They bear the 
series title Frank Cousins Bee Hive and were mounted by the Moulton- 
Erickson Photo Co. Some of the buildings featured include the Beckett 

Dmvns Collection and Archives 133 

house, the Essex Institute, the Old Sun Tavern, the Salem Athenaeum, and 

the Clifford Crowninshield House. 

Photographs were published in The Colonial Architecture of Saletn, by 

Cousins and Phil M. Riley (Boston: Little, Brown, 1919). 

Collection 352. 

493. Coventry Glass Factory Company. 
Papers. 1813-16. 

5 items. 

The Coventry Glass Factory Company made blown-glass products, espe- 
cially bottle glass and hollowware. Located in Coventry, Connecticut, it 
was established in 1813 by members of the Root family and four other in- 
dividuals. The firm remained in existence until at least 1848. 
Includes the company's constitution, an agreement to build and operate a 
glass manufactory, a deed, a document associated with the appointment of 
Nathaniel Root Jr. as agent, and a receipt to Root Jr. for five shares in the 

Account books of the firm located at the Connecticut State Library. 
Document 738. 

494. Cowdrey, J. Gabriel. 
Lectures. 1821. 

2 vols.; 23 cm. 

Cowdrey's lectures "On Botany" and "Beauties of Creation" were delivered 
before the Portsmouth and Portseas Philosophical Society in 1821. The bot- 
any talk concentrated on leaves, thorns, seeds, flowers, etc., whereas the 
creation lecture focused on the planets, the seasons, the atmosphere, birds, 
and insects. 
Document 772. 

495. Cowles, Florence Ashmore, 1846-? 
Diary. 1866-68. 

211 p.; 20 cm. 

Florence Ashmore was a native of New Orleans. Around 1866 she married 
Capt. William Cowles, a Confederate soldier and graduate of Randolph 
Macon College. At the time Cowles kept this diary, she lived with her hus- 
band and his relatives in Petersburg, Virginia. 

Diary entries primarily describe Cowles's family life. Newly married, she 
declared her love for her husband but wrote negatively about her mother- 
in-law, describing her as ill-humored and highly critical. Cowles chronicled 
the development of her son. Will Jr., born in 1867, and remarked about 
other family members. There are, however, no comments about the recently 
ended Civil War. 
Document 432. 

134 Guide to the Wiuterthur Lihrnty 

496. Cowperthwait & Bros. 
Bills. 1854-56. 

60 items. 

Cowperthwait & Bros, was a general store in Bordentown, New Jersey. 

Collection of bills documents the purchase of goods and their transport to 

the Cowperthwait's store. Items mentioned include embroidered products, 

ribbons, brushes, brooms, knives, hammers, hats, soap, stationery, etc. Most 

shipments originated in Philadelphia or New York City. 

Collection 478. 

497. Cranch, John, 1807-91. 
Sketchbook. 1833-36. 
20 p.: ill.; 22 x 29 cm. 

John Cranch was a portrait painter. A native of Washington, D.C., he was 
in Italy from 1830 to 1834 and later worked in New York, Cincinnati, and 
Washington, D.C. 

Volume contains portrait studies of men and women in both ink and pen- 
cil. Cranch began his book in 1833 in Florence and continued to work on it 
after returning to the United States. 
Document 166. 

498. Crane, Robert, 1739-1820. 
Account book. 1763-97. 

1 vol.; 16 cm. 

Robert Crane was a farmer and sawyer in southern Connecticut. 
Book includes details associated with sawing planks, boards, and posts as 
well as drawing logs. Many of the entries have been crossed out, suggest- 
ing that accounts had been settled. 
Photocopy of original held in private hands. 
Document 895. 

499. Crate book. 1855-62, 1880-83. 
155 p.; 34 cm. 

Kept by an unidentified chinaware merchant in Portland, Maine, this 
manuscript lists names of sailing vessels, types of items shipped, crate 
numbers, firms from which chinaware was purchased, and locations where 
merchandise was stored prior to sale. Mention is made of many kinds of 
ceramics: graniteware, painted tea sets, lusterware, soup tureens, mugs, 
jugs, chamber pots, etc. The book was later used as a catalogue of plants 
and insects "caught and raised" in Portland, Maine. 
Document 677. 

500. Crawford, George. 
Papers. 1815-90. 

8 boxes. 

Doums Collection ami Archives 135 

George Crawford was a merchant in Hudson, New York, who sold textiles, 
ready-made apparel, foodstuffs, and common household and farm necessi- 

Collection consists of account books and business papers documenting 
Crawford's purchases of goods from other merchants in advance of his 
own retailing efforts. Included are many tow boat bills, orders, and promis- 
sory notes. 

Folder title list and indexes of occupations available. 
Collection 47. 

501. Crease, Orlanda. 
Bills. 1868. 

11 items. 

Orlanda Crease was the head of a committee formed to acquire an organ 
for St. David's Church, Philadelphia. 

Collection contains material relating to the design and building of St. Da- 
vid's church organ, an invitation to hear its first performance, and a final 
report on the installation of the organ. 
Document 276. 

502. Cresson, Mary. 
Receipt book. 1832-62. 
118 p.; 16 X 10 cm. 

Mary Cresson lived in Philadelphia, probably at 30 Sansom Street. 
Volume records Mary Cresson's household expenses in sporadic entries 
over a thirty-year period. The majority of entries detail repairs and other 
work on her house; other entries record purchases of food, wood, news- 
papers, etc. 
Document 485. 

503. CrisHp, J. B. 
Diary. 1883-1903. 
2 vols.; 29 cm. 

]. B. Crislip was a resident of West Virginia, probably of Braxton or Lewis 
County. He worked on a farm and from time to time on the railroad. 
Consists of brief entries relating to Crislip's daily activities, especially farm 
and outdoor work. He also mentions raising his house, repairing a variety 
of domestic objects, his day trips, and clerking at elections. From 1889 to 
1903, Crislip laid and maintained track for the railroad. 
Document 158. 

504. Crocker, Jeremiah. 
Exercise book. 1858. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Jeremiah Crocker lived in Hartford, Connecticut. 

136 Guide la the WhUerthur Librnry 

Crocker's book includes writing exercises and sample letters as well as po- 
ems written in fancy script and embellished with decorative scrollwork 
Document 672. 

505. Crocker, William. 
Account book. 1835-45. 
1 vol.; 22 cm. 

William Crocker worked as a painter and paperhanger in Worcester, Mas- 

Volume documents Crocker's work whitewashing, painting, hanging wall- 
paper, cleaning windows, cutting glass, etc. At the beginning of the manu- 
script, Crocker lists places he lived and the amount of rent he paid. 
Document 674. 

506. Crooke, John. 
Daybook. 1763-71. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

John Crooke was a baker in New York City. 

Entries in this daybook record the quantities and types of bread sold by 
Crooke, including white bread, butter bread, ship's bread, and hollow 
bread. He sold in quantities measured in barrels and kegs. 
Document 630. 

507. Crowell, Thompson. 
Account book. 1814-21. 
92 p.; 34 cm. 

Thompson Crowell was a hatmaker and owned a general store in Rahway, 
New Jersey. 

Entries in the account book record hatmaking activities and document the 
transactions between Crowell and his customers, who in many instances 
paid Crowell with goods rather than money. Crowell often exchanged 
items with Adam Lee, who seems to have operated a store as well. 
Document 343. 

508. Crowninshield, Francis Boardman, 1869-1950. 
Papers. 1907-48. 

1 box. 

Francis Boardman Crowninshield attended St. Paul's School in Concord, 
New Hampshire, and graduated from Harvard in 1891. In 1898 he joined 
Troop K of Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders and took part in the Cuban 
campaign of the Spanish-American War. Crowninshield was interested in 
painting, architecture, design, and boating. He was a leading yachtsman 
and took part in America's effort at winning the King of Spain cup in 1910. 
Crowninshield married Louise Evelina du Pont. 

Downs CoUection and Archives 137 

Papers consist of correspondence and other records that document Crown- 
inshield's activities in Boca Grande, Florida, and Marblehead, Massachu- 

Finding aid available. 
Archives 6. 

509. Cumings, Samuel. 
Account book. 1793-95. 
1 vol.; 18 cm. 

Samuel Cumings worked as a merchant in Boston, Massachusetts. He 
seems to have been involved with a stagecoach line in nearby Leominster 
as well. 

Includes receipts for books sold by David West and E. Larkin to Samuel 
Cumings and entries related to passengers and fares on a stage line be- 
tween Leominster and Boston. 
Document 661. 

510. Cuningham, Charles. 
Account book. 1826. 
24 p.; 20 cm. 

Charles Cuningham — in business with Andrew Cuningham Jr. at 13 

Rowe's Wharf, Boston — was a general merchant. 

Account book includes an inventory of goods, ready money, and debts 

owed to and by Cuningham, dated January 1, 1826, as well as a record of 

ongoing business activity through November 20. 

Document 277. 

511. Cunningham, Charles R. 
Account book. 1848-67. 

1 vol.: ill.; 20 cm. 

Charles R. Cunningham lived in Edgecomb, Maine. 
Manuscript records Cunningham's personal and household expenses for 
twenty years, though 1848, 1859, and 1861 are best represented. Also in- 
cludes two pencil sketches of a house and its surrounding landscape. 
Document 460. 

512. Cunningham, John. 
Architectural drawings. 1863. 
8 leaves: col. ill.; 34 cm. 

Cunningham worked as an architect in Chelsea, Massachusetts. 
Cunningham's thirteen detailed drawings were probably inspired by An- 
drew Jackson Downing's work. The drawings show a dwelling, a stable, 
and a plan for stonework for a block of three houses at the corner of Bel- 
lingham and Shurtleff Streets in an unidentified city. 
Folio 99. 

138 Guide lo the Winlertluir Library 

513. Currency collection. \746-\877. 
2 boxes. 

This collection contains early paper currency issued by Massachusetts, 
Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, South Carolina, Delaware, 
Georgia, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Vermont, Virginia, and the Conti- 
nental Congress. 

Index to objects named available. 
Collection 67. 

514. Currier, Daniel H., d. 1892. 
Account book. 1846-94. 

2 vols.; 39 cm. 

Daniel H. Currier made gloves and resided on a farm in Plymouth, New 

The first volume documents Currier's glovemaking activities from 1846 to 
1858. He seems to have engaged several individuals to make parts of or 
entire gloves for him. Though the second volume contains entries related 
to glovemaking, it focuses on farmwork and produce. A few personal fi- 
nancial accounts and records relating to the settlement of Currier's estate 
complete the manuscript. 
Name index to volume 2 available. 
Folio 114. 

515. Currier, Ernest S., 1867-1936. 
Papers. Ca. 1900-1938. 

7 boxes. 

Ernest S. Currier was a silversmith and collector of silver marks. In 1900, in 
New York City, he established the silversmithing firm of Currier & Roby, 
which specialized in reproductions of antique silver. At the time of his 
death, he was working on a book on American silversmiths, Marks of Early 
American Silversmiths with Notes on Siher, Spoon Ti/pes & List of New York Silver- 
smiths, 1815~184h that his wife would publish in 1938. 
Includes more than 250 glass-plate negatives of silver marks; about 125 de- 
pictions of silver hollowware; notes used for the compilation of Marks of 
Early American Silversmiths . . . , New York city directory listings for silver- 
smiths, goldsmiths, and jewelers; and a scrapbook containing obituaries of 
Currier and reviews of his book. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 302. 

516. Currier, Micajah. 
Daybook. 1808-10. 
554 p.; 40 cm. 

Micajah Currier ran a general store in Berwick, Maine. 

Manuscript notes sales and payments made in Currier's store, sometimes 

with mention of the occupation of the customer. There is a series of entries 

Dozms Collection and Archives 139 

relating to the sale of lottery tickets to support the construction of a canal. 
Volume was later used as a scrapbook. 
Folio 152. 

517. Currier, True, 1795-? 
Account book. 1817^6. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

True Currier was a furnituremaker, house carpenter, and farmer from Deer- 
field, New Hampshire. He learned to make furniture from James Prcscott. 
Volume records a number of Currier's woodworking activities: crafting 
chimney boards, framing doors, setting glass, and making a variety of fur- 
niture, including beds, chairs, stools, looking glasses, etc. There are refer- 
ences to agricultural pursuits and products. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Folio 226. 

518. Currier, W. A. 
Account book. 1865-66. 
178 p.; 41 cm. 

W. A. Currier operated a home furnishings store at 14 and 16 Main Street, 
Haverhill, Massachusetts. 

Account book records the activities of a busy retail business for a ten- 
month period at the end of the Civil War. Currier sold a wide variety of 
products, ranging from wagons to tin plates, from ice cutters to rope, and 
from zinc washboards to shoe polish. He also repaired what he sold and 
noted the occupations of some of his customers. 
Folio 111. 

519. Curtiss, G. G. 

Diary and account book. 1857-99. 
166 p.; 35 cm. 

G. G. Curtiss relocated to Sheffield, Massachusetts, from Wisconsin, where 
he seems to have been a miller. 

Diary covers his time in Wisconsin from May to July of 1857 and his subse- 
quent life in Sheffield. In addition to being involved in milling activities, 
Curtiss was a bird-watcher, taught Latin, fixed clocks, hunted, and ob- 
served geological, natural, and floral phenomena. The account-book part of 
the volume features accounts of grist, plaster, saw, and lath mills in Har- 
ford County, Maryland. 
Includes name index. 
Document 843. 

520. Gushing, John Dean, 1795-1866. 
Account book. 1852-58. 

293 p.; 32 cm. 

140 Guide to the Winterthur Library 

John Dean Gushing was a printer from Salem, Massachusetts. He pub- 
Hshed a newspaper in his home town and another in Lenox, Massachu- 
setts, before founding the Berkshire Courier, a Whig Party organ, in Great 
Barrington, Massachusetts, in 1834. Gushing's business burned in the 
spring of 1839, interrupting his work for a month. During the 1840s, Gush- 
ing formed two partnerships and saw the name of his paper change with 
each. He sold his newspaper to Marcus H. Rogers in 1865. 
Book records advertisements in Gushing's paper along with his other print- 
ing activities. He mentions printing meeting announcements, business 
cards, notices, petitions, handbills, circulars, and the like. 
Document 844. 

521. Gushing, Nathaniel, 1762-1827. 
Papers. 1787-1828. 

1 box. 

Nathaniel Gushing operated an ironworks in Pembroke, Massachusetts, 
that specialized in making anchors. He was from a fairly large family. 
Papers consist of business letters, orders, invoices, bills, receipts, and a few 
personal letters. The business letters focus on his anchormaking and invest- 
ments in overseas commerce, trading such products as iron, cotton, yarn, 
flour, and tobacco. 

Gushing's account books are located in the Manuscript Division of Baker 
Library, Harvard Business School. 
Gollection 19. 

522. Gushman, Salmon. 
Account book. 1840-46. 
1 vol.; 16 cm. 

Salmon Gushman lived in Ghittenden Gounty, Vermont. 
The bulk of the volume contains a detailed enumeration of the costs associ- 
ated with building a meetinghouse, including specifications for construc- 
tion and a list of needed supplies. Also included are a few pages of house- 
hold accounts spanning from 1841 to 1846. 
Document 510. 

523. Gutter, Gershom. 

Personal account book. Ga. 1725. 
15 p.; 15 cm. 

Gershom Gutter appears to have been a farmer in eighteenth-century Mas- 

Book includes references to Gutter's father and his estate along with other 
brief miscellaneous accounts. 
Document 128. 

524. Gutting, Gharles A. 

Family account book. 1848-58. 

Dozens CoUeclion ami Archives 141 

152 p.; 27 cm. 

Charles A. Cutting, a resident of Boston, worked for Thomas Groom & Co., 
a local stationer. 

Consists of daily entries of income and expenses that give a detailed pic- 
ture of Cutting's life during the last two and one-half years of his bachelor- 
hood and the early years of his married life. From mundane expenses to 
such things as his business agreement with Thomas Groom, this book gives 
an almost diary like look at the life of a middle-class Bostonian in the years 
before the Civil War. 
Document 144. 

525. Cutting & Holmes. 
Building specifications. 1873. 
37 leaves; 25 cm. 

Cutting & Holmes was an architectural firm in Worcester, Massachusetts. 
Specifications are for building a church for the First Congregational Society 
in West Meriden, Connecticut. Construction materials, dimensions relating 
to the structure, and many other specifics are included. Contractual agree- 
ments are also featured. 
Document 464. 

526. Cuvillier, Aylwin & Harkness. 
Daybook. 1805-6. 

57 p.; 44 cm. 

The partnership was a merchant shipping firm in Quebec, Canada, dealing 
in a variety of goods, chiefly food. Records include lists of purchases made 
to outfit the brig Recovery. 

Volume records debits and credits that were to be transferred to the com- 
pany's account books. Paper in volume was made by L. Munn, Kent, En- 
gland, in 1801, and the manuscript was acquired in London. 
Folio 20. 

527. D. Eggert & Son. 
Account book. 1854-56. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

The firm of D. Eggert & Son made nautical instruments in New York City. 
Records items sold and repaired, including barometers, compasses, spy- 
glasses, telescopes, quadrants, etc. Names of ships and captains are fea- 
tured along with charges for work performed. 
Document 502. 

528. D. T. Lanman and Company. 
Bills. 1853-80. 

49 items. 

D. T. Lanman & Company, later D. T. Lanman & Kemp, and then Lanman 

& Kemp, was a wholesale drugstore in New York City. 

142 Guide to the Winterthiir Library 

Most of the bills are from various printers and engravers for wrappers and 
labels. A few stationers and other druggists are also represented. 
List of names on bills available. 
Collection 89. 

529. D. T. Sanders and Company. 
Business papers. 1862-89. 

1 envelope. 

D. T. Sanders and Company appears to have been a general store in Green- 
ville, Maine, near Moosehead Lake, judging from the orders received, the 
store served area logging camps and trappers. 

Bills were both sent to and issued by the firm. Commodities mentioned in- 
clude flour, molasses, corn, tobacco, tea, clothing, hardware, snowshoes, 
hides, footwear, meat, lanterns, and wicks. 
Collection 87. 

530. D. & J. Anderson. 

Pattern book of cottons. 1887-1909. 
54 p.; 21 cm. 

D. & J. Anderson manufactured a wide variety of cotton fabrics in Glas- 
gow, Scotland. 

Pattern book consists of hundreds of small swatches of colored cotton fab- 
rics, most measuring about 1x5 cm. Identification numbers, weaving in- 
formation, and dates are written next to the swatches. 
Collection 50. 

531. Daily, Miss. 
Album. 1869. 

1 vol.: ill.; 25 x 16 cm. 

This album was kept by an 1869 visitor to Rome who identified herself as 
Miss Daily. It includes photographs and autographs of American and Euro- 
pean sculptors and painters and their work. 
Document 536. 

532. Dallett, Francis J. 
Research notes. 1954-78. 
1 box: ill. 

Francis J. Dallett was a librarian at the Athenaeum, Philadelphia, when he 
compiled these notes. He later worked at the University of Pennsylvania 

Dallett researched Philadelphia craftsmen, artists, and ship furniture. In 
particular, Dallett was interested in locating paintings by F. S. G. Melbye 
and Jacob Pissarro and in researching the cabin of Charlotte Bonaparte on 
the ship Ruth ami Mary. 
Collection 181. 

Downs Collection and Archives 143 

533. Dampman, Richard. 

Bills and accounts. 1841^3, 1856-60. 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Richard Dampman was a merchant in Chester County, Pennsylvania. 
Manuscripts are glued into a volume that was once used by a tailor from 
1841 to 1843. Dampman seems to have purchased goods in quantity from 
many Philadelphia merchants to resell in nearby rural Chester County. 
Noted are such items as tubs, pocketknives, coffee and tea, clothing, alco- 
hol, and groceries. 
Document 604. 

534. Dance step manuscript. Ca. 1700s. 
12 p.; 11 cm. 

Consists of descriptions of the steps for two square dances that were prob- 
ably of English origin. 
Document 323. 

535. Danforth, Job, 1 745-1 838. 
Account book. 1788-1818. 

2 microfilm reels. 

Job Danforth worked as a furnituremaker in Providence, Rhode Island. 
Manuscript records the furniture that Danforth made and sold, repairs he 
made, etc. 

Original manuscripts located at the Rhode Island Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2855, M2857.1. 

536. Danforth family. 

Papers. 1739-1856, bulk 1809-34. 
1 box. 

Members of the Danforth family were engaged in the making of pewter 
and britannia wares from the 1730s to the 1840s. A native of England, 
Nicholas Danforth (born in 1589) relocated the family to America. His 
grandson, Thomas (1703-86), became the first Danforth pewterer. Most 
members of successive generations worked and lived in New England and 

Collection includes two account books kept by Thomas Danforth III (1756- 
1840) regarding the production of pewter and tin from 1809 to 1835. Also 
included are family deeds, financial records, and letters. 
Photographs of Danforth's pewter located in the Decorative Arts Photo- 
graphic Collection at Winterthur. Photocopies of Danforth family estate in- 
ventories in the papers of Ledlie I. Laughlin (Collection 58). 
See entry 1199. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 287. 

144 Guide to the Winterthur Library 

537. Daniel Rea & Son. 
Account books. 1764-1802. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Daniel Rea & Son was a Boston firm. 

Accounts deal with painting that Rea & Son did, featuring work on houses, 
signs, buckets, floor coverings, boats, etc. 
Name and object lists available. 

Manuscripts included in Manuscripts in Baker Library: A Guide to Sources for 
Business, Economic, and Social History, published in 1978. 
See entry 473. 

Original account books located at Baker Library, Harvard University. Col- 
lection includes eight of the ten volumes there. 
Microfilm M254. 

538. Darby, Peter. 
Account book. 1808-30. 
1 vol.; 39 cm. 

Peter Darby was a native of Concord, Massachusetts. He eventually moved 
to Reading, Vermont, where he operated a sawmill on the Darby River, a 
body of water named for him. 

Manuscript records the activities associated with a sawmill; it documents 
that Darby often received payment in farm produce. One of the pages, 
from 1920, provides information about Darby and tells how this volume 
was passed down through several generations of his family. 
Folio 130. 

539. Dare, Robert. 

Account book. 1800-1819. 
33 leaves: ill.; 33 cm. 

Robert Dare was a weaver, and William Thompson was an agricultural la- 

Dare used this manuscript from 1800 to 1804 to record the names of his 
customers and money due. From 1816 to 1819, Thompson recorded his 
work: reaping, mowing, cutting wood, hauling, opening a creek, etc. 
Document 1012; Microfilm M97. 

540. Darley, Felix Octavius Carr, 1822-88. 
Collection. 1849-87. 

13 items: ill. 

Many observers regard F. O. C. Darley as America's foremost book and 
magazine illustrator of the mid nineteenth century. Darley, a native of 
Philadelphia, was a self-taught artist strongly influenced by French and En- 
glish artists of his era. During his career, he worked with John Sartain, 
Thomas Sully, and Edgar Allen Poe, among others. In addition to illustrat- 
ing stories, Darley displayed his work in many art exhibitions. 

Downs CoUectioii ami Archives 145 

Collection includes letters written by Darley regarding his work; sketches, 
including one for a bank note; an engraving; and a copy of Illustrations of 
the Legend of Sleepy Holtoxv, illustrated by Darley for members of the Ameri- 
can Art Union in 1849. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 242. 

541. Darlington, Benedict, 1786-1864. 
Daybook. 1826-33. 

272 p.; 33 cm. 

Benedict Darlington was a dry-goods merchant from West Chester, Penn- 

Book records sales of ready-to-wear women's clothing, textiles, and no- 
tions. Entries include names of customers, addresses, articles purchased, 
and prices. Some shoppers were members of prominent local families, in- 
cluding the du Fonts, Mendenhalls, and Pyles. 
Document 623. 

542. Davenport family. 
Papers. 1707-1869. 
83 items. 

Collection relates to the descendants of Ebenezer Davenport (1661-1852), 
residents of Dorchester, Massachusetts. The family trade seems to have 
been weaving, though some Davenports were shoemakers, and James 
(1796-1852) was a furnituremaker. 

The majority of these papers are legal documents — wills, deeds, powers of 
attorney, contracts, etc. — and estate inventories. One item is a family gene- 
alogy that records James (1759-1824) and Esther (dates unavailable). 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 294. 

543. David Ott & Co. 
Account book. 1811-13. 
432 p.; 42 cm. 

David Ott & Co. was a pharmacy in Washington, D.C. 
Manuscript documents sales of drugs and related items as well as a wide 
range of domestic products, including spectacles, lamp oil, glasses, clothes 
brushes, packs of cards, artists supplies, etc. Among the firm's prominent 
customers were James Madison, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, and Albert Gal- 

Name index at front of volume. 
Folio 181. 

544. Davids, Eliza P 
Account book. 1877-89. 
130 p.; 22 cm. 

146 Guide to the Wiiitertliiir Libmn/ 

Eliza P. Davids, the widow of Richard W. Davids, was a resident of Phila- 
delphia and a member of the Episcopalian church. An avid reader, Davids 
belonged to the Merion Cricket Club and also enjoyed traveling to Europe 
and Cape May, New Jersey. One of her sons was an engineering student at 
the University of Pennsylvania. 

Manuscript includes a complete record of Eliza David's household ac- 
counts for a period of twelve years. She purchased a number of household 
commodities and listed the names of people with whom she traded. 
Document 206. 

545. Davidson, John. 
Daybook. 1781-83. 
1 microfilm reel. 

John Davidson was a merchant in Annapolis, Maryland. 

Manuscript contains accounts for such items as building and construction 

materials, animals, clothing, firearms, food, gambling debts, metals, sewing 

equipment, textiles, tools, etc. 

Name and occupation lists available. 

Original daybook located at the Baker Library, Harvard University. 

Microfilm M1962. 

546. Davis, Alexander Jackson, 1803-92. 
Papers. 1826-77, bulk 1826-54. 
150 items: ill.; 1 microfilm reel. 

A. J. Davis worked first as a lithographer and then as an architect. He and 
Ithiel Town designed both public buildings and private dwellings. In 1843 
Davis embarked upon a solo career that lasted thirty years. He is best 
known for his work in the Gothic revival. 

Papers include drawings, lithographs, watercolors, photographs, scrap- 
books, notebooks, and letters that chart the development of Davis's career. 
A microfilm reel lists the books in his library. A significant part of the col- 
lection relates to a house that Davis designed for William J. Rotch in New 
Bedford, Massachusetts. Information is also included on such New York 
City public buildings as the Merchant's Exchange, Masonic Hall, Trinity 
Church, Bowery Theater, etc. Papers also contain floor plans drawn by Bela 
Hubbard, a Detroit, Michigan, resident. 
Collection inventory available. 
Collection 114; Microfilm M717. 

547. Davis, Outten. 
Records. 1802-13. 

5 vols.; 4 microfilm reels. 

Outten Davis ran a general store in Cantwell's Bridge (now Odessa), Dela- 
ware, taking over from Gibson & Co., a firm that had been in business 
since at least November 1802. 

Dowm Collection ami Archives 147 

Volumes include daily records of purchases made at Davis's store and the 

settlement of various estates. Beginning in volume 4, there are references to 

Middletown, Delaware. 

Volumes 1, 3-5 also available on microfilm. 

Collection 23; Microfilm M749-M752. 

548. Davi'es, Mehetable May, 1796-1882. 
Diary. 1811-18. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Mehetable May Dawes lived in Boston while she kept her diary. 

Manuscript records the activities of a well-to-do Boston household during 

the second decade of the nineteenth century. 

Original diary located in the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe College. 

Microfilm Ml 421. 

549. Dawkins, Walter Ireland, 1858-1936. 
Diary. 1899-1900. 

1 vol.; 18 cm. 

Walter Dawkins, a graduate of St. John's College, Annapolis, Maryland, 
was a lawyer and judge in Baltimore. 

Diary documents Dawkins's activities in 1899 and includes a few reflec- 
tions penned in 1900. He recorded weather observations, wrote about his 
activities as an attorney, noted leisure pursuits, and commented on local 
and national political events. 

Other Walter Ireland Dawkins papers located at the Baltimore City Ar- 
Document 550. 

550. Day, Noah. 

Account book. 1815-24. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Noah Day was a blacksmith in Granville, New York. 
Day's book records his activities mending scythes, shoeing horses, repair- 
ing plows, and making such products as nails, axes, staples, links, and 
other metal objects. There are references to his agricultural pursuits as well. 
Document 934. 

551. Daybook. 1800-1802. 
529 p.; 33 cm. 

The keeper of this manuscript was a tailor in New York City. 
Manuscript indicates that this busy tailor (apparently of a prominent clien- 
tele) made coats, pantaloons, breeches, and other garments and repaired 
clothing. He recorded purchases of supplies and reported the extra costs 
associated with orders for special buttons, collars, and stylistic details. 
Document 554. 

148 Gtiiile to the Wiiitcvtlmr IJbrnn/ 

552. Daybook. 1801-2. 
380 p.; 31 cm. 

The keeper of this manuscript was probably from Tolland County, Con- 
necticut. Many of his clients and associates Hved in Hebron, Connecticut. 
Contains daily entries of debits and credits related to the maintenance of a 
general store. There are more entries recording the purchase of paper than 
is usual. One transaction, for example, notes the purchase of twenty-one 
reams by Steman, Willard & Co. 
Name index and object list available. 
Document 122. 

553. Daybook. 1803-32, bulk 1828-32. 
70 p.: ill.; 35 cm. 

This daybook came from a town in Northampton County, Pennsylvania, 

perhaps Bethlehem. 

Volume contains the records of an unnamed milliner who also sold frocks 

and capes. There are four pages written in German and headed "Ausgeben 

zu einem Hausbau" that refer to foodstuffs. Two crude pencil sketches of 

ships are also contained within the volume. 

Document 124. 

554. Daybook. 1807-20. 
171 leaves; 33 cm. 

Contains daily receipts and expenditures of an unnamed New Yorker. 
Many entries mention the Brinckerhoff and Van Wagenen families, dis- 
bursements for missionary work by the Protestant Episcopal Church, and 
shipping. Early pages record sales of metal and metal products, such as 
iron, nails, pewter, brass, scissors, and knives. 
Document 101. 

555. Daybook. 1810-12. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Manuscript records the activities of a general store in St. George's, Dela- 
ware, from 1810 to 1811 and in Pigeon Run from 1811 to 1812. The store 
may have been operated by someone in the Polk family. 
Volume records the daily transactions of the store, in which a wide variety 
of products were sold. Some customers are identified as being "Negro." 
Document 382. 

556. Daybook. 1822-28. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

An unnamed shoemaker, probably from Rhode Island, used this volume to 
record his work on shoes and boots. He mentioned such activities as at- 
taching heels, repairing soles, and taping. 
Document 885. 

Dmons Collect ion and Archives 149 

557. Daybook. 1826. 
143 p.; 44 cm. 

This daybook was maintained at an unidentified lumberyard and sawmill 
located in Philadelphia. 

Entries in daybook relate to business activity for only the second half of 
1826. There were contacts with the University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylva- 
nia Hospital, the city commissioners, and James R. Greeves, who paid for 
lumber delivered on the accounts of the houses on Arch and Chestnut 
Streets. An extensive list of supplies enumerates the materials needed to 
construct homes at these two sites. 
Folio 23. 

558. Daybook. 1828. 
21 p.; 34 cm. 

The unknown keeper of this daybook operated a general store in Green- 
wich, New Jersey. 

Contains approximately 275 entries that document purchases at the Green- 
wich general store from September 23 to November 18, 1828. Food, liquors, 
fabrics, shoes, and earthenware are mentioned. 
Document 453. 

559. Daybook. 1829-30. 
424 p.; 40 cm. 

The general store documented in these pages was probably located in Ver- 

Entries record a wide variety of items sold over a two-year period. The 
writer often recorded the colors of the ceramics and fabrics that he sold. 
Folio 131. 

560. Daybook. 1830-36. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

The keeper of this manuscript operated a general store in Fairfield, Ver- 
mont. The unnamed merchant recorded the products that he sold, includ- 
ing snuff, bed cords, nails, wooden clocks, and spinning wheels. 
Document 565. 

561. Daybook. 1831-35. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

Book records the sale of goods at a general store in Richmond, Rhode Is- 
land, over a four-and-a-half-year period. 
Folio 138. 

562. Daybook. 183:^-38. 
267 p.; 39 cm. 

150 Giiiilc lo the Wiittertlnir Libran/ 

Book records the activities of a blacksmith in the vicinity of Gardiner and 
Hallowell, Maine, who made or repaired such items as hoes, chains, wagon 
tires, horseshoes, knives, and staples. He also sawed and hauled lumber. 
Folio 243. 

563. Daybook. 1841-44. 
1 vol.; 16 cm. 

The keeper of this volume was a joiner and turner in Dorset, Vermont. 
In addition to entries recording joining and turning activities, this volume 
documents such activities as framing, casing windows, making doors and 
sashes, mending plows, making beds, etc. Household purchases are also 
Document 541. 

564. Daybook. 1843-46. 
1 vol.; 17 X 21 cm. 

Volume records items sold in a general store in Chatham, New Hampshire. 
A wide range of products are mentioned, including candles, combs, rib- 
bons, textiles, molasses, cheese, and dishes. 
Document 904. 

565. Daybook. 1854-55. 
482 p.; 42 cm. 

Contains records of daily transactions at a Hampton County, Massachu- 
setts, general store. Items sold include food, footwear, dry goods, nails, 
medicines, clothing, and hats. 
Folio 3. 

566. Daybook. 1854-68. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

The unidentified keeper of this manuscript recorded the shipment of goods 
between Newburyport, Massachusetts, and other Massachusetts communi- 
ties, both over land and by water. Many items appear to have been pro- 
duced by local farmers and artisans. On occasion, raw materials, such as 
lumber and nails, were shipped to craftsmen, who in turn sent back doors, 
finished furniture, and table frames. Entries include dates, items shipped, 
the weight of the items, destinations, customer names, and fees charged. 
Folio 299. 

567. Daybook. 1858-59. 
400 p.; 40 cm. 

Manuscript contains the daily records of a Slateford, Pennsylvania, com- 
pany store. Entries show purchases of consumer goods by employees of the 
company. Consumers purchased food, school slates, and the firm's prod- 
ucts. Workers' monthly wages are also recorded. 
Name index available. 
Folio 35. 

Doums Collectiaii and Archives 151 

568. Daybook. 1859-61. 
15 p.; 35 cm. 

The individual who kept this volume was a carpenter and housebuilder in 
Rockingham County, New Hampshire. 

Carpentry activities, such as building frames, making doors, installing win- 
dow springs, and drilling, are noted. Brackets, timber, nails, brick, and 
pieces of hardware are mentioned in the volume's entries. 
Document 573. 

569. Daybook. 1862. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

An unidentified general store merchant from Martinsburg, Pennsylvania, 
kept this book. 

Manuscript notes the daily transactions of a shopkeeper who sold a variety 
of consumer products, including food, cups and saucers, dry goods, car- 
pets, lace, pen holders, etc. 
Folio 210. 

570. Daybook. 1863-65. 
114 p.; 20 cm. 

Contains daily records of work done by a Philadelphia clock- and watch- 
repairer Entries include date, name of customer, type of timepiece re- 
paired, the nature of the repair, and the maker of the piece and his place of 
work. Serial numbers are included as well. Many timepieces mentioned 
had been made in Europe. 
Document 132. 

571. Daybook. 1871. 
292 p.; 36 cm. 

Manuscript was kept by an unidentified general store owner from Wells 
River, Vermont. Entries typically include the name of the customer, what 
he or she purchased, and the price. 
Document 998. 

572. Daybook. 1878-81. 
720 p.; 17x41 cm. 

The unnamed keeper of this manuscript documented the daily transactions 
of a hardware store in Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania. The majority of items 
sold at the store were hand tools, household supplies, and kitchen utensils. 
A wide variety of varnishes, paints, and finishing supplies for decorative 
work on wood were also sold. The last page of the book contains a list of 
customers with outstanding bills. 
Folio 275. 

152 Guide lo the WiiUcrtluir Library 

573. Daybooks. 1860-66. 

2 vols.; 41 cm. or smaller. 

Volumes record the activities of an unidentified store in Bath, Maine, that 
sold a variety of furniture and accessories. Included are entries for thou- 
sands of sales and purchases, often including information on items pur- 
chased, buyers' names, and prices. Manuscript also lists names of whole- 
sale suppliers and records the firm's furniture repair activities. 
Folio 238. 

574. Daybooks. 1867-73. 
2 vols.; 32 cm. 

The unidentified keeper of these volumes was a jeweler and watch-repairer 
in Central City, Colorado, where gold had been discovered in 1859. 
One volume is about jewelry, and the other is about watch repair. The first 
volume includes an inventory of gold on hand as of June 30, 1867. 
Document 595. 

575. De Brissac, P. A. 
Account book. 1760-62. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

P. A. de Brissac was a textile designer and textile blockmaker of Huguenot 

descent who lived in London. He was related to several London silk 


Entries record a variety of fabric designs. Once designs were approved by 

the weavers who would produce the finished products, De Brissac cut 

wood blocks to print them. Occasionally he noted the need to alter patterns 

and make revisions. 

Partial name index available. 

Document 759. 

576. De Key, Themis. 
Account book. 1680-88. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Themis De Key was a shopkeeper in New York City. 
Manuscript includes records for a general or dry goods store. Entries in- 
clude the name of the customer, items purchased, unit cost, and total cost. 
Each entry has a number that may have been used as a customer identifica- 
tion number. The book is in Dutch. 
Microfilm M88. 

577. De La Warr, Lady Mary Wynyard, d. 1784. 
Account book. 1777-78. 

68 leaves; 21 cm. 

Lady De La Warr was the daughter of Lt.-Cen. John Wynyard. She married 

John, second earl De La Warr, on August 8, 1756. 

Dozcds Collection ami Archives 153 

Account book records daily household expenses incurred between Decem- 
ber 1777 and May 1778. Recurring costs were for meat, shellfish, poultry, 
fish, vegetables, bread, writing paper, butchering, chimney sweeping, 
washing, etc. The names of domestic servants are recorded. 
Document 67. 

578. De Turk family. 
Account book. 1875-87. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

Members of the De Turk family were involved in the cattle trade, possibly 
in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. 

Book records the sale of cattle as well as lumber, coal, grain, flour, feed, etc. 
Document 612. 

579. Deacon, C. L. 
Memorandum book. 1859-68. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Volume was kept by C. L. Deacon, who served as foreman of a woolen mill 
owned by S. W. Nichols. The mill was located near Philadelphia. 
Deacon noted mill activities as they occurred, such as the movement of ma- 
chinery, the arrival of wool for dyeing, the distribution of orders, and the 
work patterns of employees. The last portion of the manuscript includes 
recipes for dyeing and samples of dyed wool. 
Document 400. 

580. Dean, John, d. 1854. 
Memorandum book. 1832-1906. 
1 vol.: ill.; 31 cm. 

John Dean owned and operated a farm in Dutchess County, New York. 
Book records genealogical information about Dutchess County families, 
remedies for various illnesses, records of Dean's farming activities, recipes 
for dyeing, and embroidery patterns. These patterns probably date from 
the 1870s. 
Document 233. 

581. Dean, Theodore, 1809-85. 
Account books. 1835-84. 
4 vols.; 22 cm. 

A native of Raynham, Massachusetts, Theodore Dean was a farmer and an 
assistant at his father's iron manufacturing business. He was also a teacher. 
In 1851 the Bristol County Bank chose him as a director; two years later, he 
became the bank's president. In 1866, when he was a resident of Taunton, 
Massachusetts, and a landowner. Dean was elected to the state legislature. 
Volumes document Dean's business transactions and personal expenses. 
Volume 4, dating from 1850 to 1884, records personal expenses, including 
repairs to various properties and purchases of furniture, household goods. 

154 Guide to the Wiiilerlhur Libran/ 

clothing, etc. Of special interest are appraised inventories of several dwell- 
ings that Dean owned. 
Collection 379. 

582. Dearborn, Jacob. 
Account book. 1805-8. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Jacob Dearborn was a blacksmith from Parsonfield, Maine. 
Volume records the activities of a rural blacksmith. Occasionally there are 
notes regarding the settlement of accounts. Agricultural products are rou- 
tinely mentioned. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 471. 

583. Deininger Bakery. 
Paper dolls. Ca. 1930. 
20 items: col. ill. 

The Deininger Bakery was located in Rochester, New York. 

Consists of five paper dolls — four girls and one boy — each with three 

sheets of clothing and hats that were to be given away with the purchase 

of the bakery's bread. The doll's costumes are uncut. Printing done by the 

American Colortype Co. 

Collection 220. 

584. Delanoy, John. 
Receipt book. 1796-1848. 
1 vol.; 17 X 10 cm. 

John Delanoy lived in New York City. 

Volume contains receipts for money paid by Delanoy to his landlords and 
creditors. He purchased several spinning wheels along with food products, 
clothing, and other items necessary for daily life. The volume seems to 
have been used by a John Mildeberger in the 1830s to record rent receipts 
and by Benjamin Lewin in the 1840s as a general receipt book. 
Document 479. 

585. Delaplaine family. 
Papers. Ca. 1720-1810. 

1 folder + 1 microfilm reel. 

Joshua Delaplaine worked as a carpenter, joiner, and merchant in New 
York City. Three of his sons also became merchants. They exported and im- 
ported such products as furniture, indigo, sugar, and various foodstuffs. 
Delaplaine also sold wood and hardware to local furnituremakers, some of 
whom were his former apprentices. 

Papers include ephemeral items from Delaplaine's business, including a 
contract of indenture, records of consignment, a receipt, and an advertise- 

Doiims CoUectiou and Archiz'es 155 

ment for a runaway. In addition, papers feature microfilm copies of Dela- 
plaine's account books that document his furnituremaking. 
Original manuscripts located at the New York Historical Society. 
Name index available. 
Collection 387; Microfilm M666. 

586. Delaware, Lackawanna, & Western Railroad Company. 
Receipt book. 1853-62, 1875-88. 

1 vol.; 39 cm. 

The D. L. & W.'s headquarters was located at 49 Wall Street, New York 

City. The company operated many local railway stations throughout New 

York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. 

Receipt book records shipments received at the New Milford station from 

1875 to 1878 and includes loose papers that relate to the railroad business 

for the years 1853 to 1888. Receipt book notes items shipped, individuals 

and businesses receiving goods, and delivery dates. 

Folio 120. 

587. Demerritt and Leavitt. 
Daybook. 1830. 

340 p.; 38 cm. 

Demerritt and Leavitt operated a general store, tavern, stagecoach stop, 
and post office in Northwood, New Hampshire. 

Includes income and expenditures from May to December for a variety of 
goods sold and items accepted in trade, especially produce and watches 
sold to pay for liquor. Mention is made of Shaker brooms and pails, hard- 
ware, textiles, umbrellas, stoneware, books, tobacco, candles, etc. 
Folio 257. 

588. Demming, Chauncey. 
Bills. 1791-1823. 

16 items. 

Chauncey Demming lived near New York City. 

This modest collection of bills documents a wide variety of domestic 

household goods purchased by Demming, including pepper, vitriol oil, 

chocolate, hats, whip lashes, velvet ribbon, furniture, pins, and shovels. He 

bought everything from New York City-based firms. 

Collection 475. 

589. Denison, Arad, 1807-76. 
Account book. 1830-75. 
260 p.; 32 cm. 

Arad Denison of Leyden, Massachusetts, was a textile dyer, handyman, 
and storekeeper. It is said that he patented a mousetrap. In 1827 Denison 
married Pru Barrows; they had nine children. 

156 Guide Ic the Winterthur Library 

The manuscript, used as both a daybook and a ledger, documents Deni- 
son's dyeing activities and refers to dressing colored cloth, especially flan- 
nel, cotton, and worsted wool. Dye recipes are also included. As a handy- 
man, Denison repaired brass kettles, filed saws, sharpened knives, cleaned 
and repaired time pieces, wallpapered and painted clients' residences, and 
made coffins, cradles, and bedsteads. 
Document 1002. 

590. Dennett, Edmund P. 
Account book. 1821-41. 
179 p.; 32 cm. 

Edmund P. Dennett was a cooper and farmer in Buxton, Maine. 
Manuscript records the acdvities of a cooper, including hooping, making 
pails, mending barrels, and crafting tubs. Agricultural pursuits are also 
mentioned. References to footwear suggest that Dennett may have made 
and repaired shoes as well. 
Document 503. 

591. Dennis, Walter E. 

Private account of stock invested. 1890-94. 
102 p.; 22 cm. 

Walter E. Dennis was a printer in Central Falls, Rhode Island. In 1892 he 
insured his equipment for $1,500.00. 

Volume contains eighty bills for printing supplies, including type fonts, 
cuts, ink, rollers, and leading that Dennis purchased from suppliers in Bos- 
ton, Philadelphia, and South Windham, Connecticut. Also contains four of 
Dennis's trade cards. 
Document 42. 

592. Denny-O'Hara Company. 
Records. 1779-1889. 

7 microfilm reels. 

The Denny-O'Hara Company made glass in Pittsburgh. 
Collection includes account books, business letters, receipts, miscellaneous 
accounts, and newspapers related to the firm's glassmaking activities. 
Finding aid available. 

Original materials located at the Historical Society of Western Pennsylva- 
Microfilm M2716-M2722. 

593. Derleth, Charles, 1874-1956. 
Scrapbook. 1865-1931. 

304 p.: ill.; 66 cm. 

Charles Derleth compiled this scrapbook. An engineer, he taught at the 
University of Colorado from 1901 to 1903 and then at the University of 
California, Berkeley, from 1903 to 1942, where he later served as a dean. He 

Dawns Callectiou and Archives 157 

did consulting work as well. Around 1870 his grandfather, Michael Joseph 
Derleth, established the cabinetmaking form of M. J. Derleth & Sons in 
New York City and operated it with his three sons, including Charles's fa- 

Scrapbook includes drawings, clippings, blueprints, and photographs of 
furniture, buildings, facial features, dwellings, geometric figures, and tool 
charts helpful to the practice of engineering. Original work was done by 
various members of the Derleth family. 

Scrapbook was presented to Charles Derleth's daughter on Christmas Day, 
Folio 81. 

594. Derr, D. 

Account books. 1861-1906. 

2 vols.; 40 cm. 

D. Derr worked as a furnituremaker in Straustown, Pennsylvania. 

A daybook and ledger record the furniture that Derr made and repaired, 

including tables, beds, cribs, sewing stands, bureaus, and chairs. Numbers 

next to entries in the daybook refer to ledger accounts. 

Name index at front of ledger. 

Folio 233. 

595. Descriptions of carriages. 1884-86. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

The carriagemaker or -makers who maintained this volume were from 
Merrimac, Massachusetts, a town known for its carriage manufacturing 
during the 1870s and 1880s. 

About 250 entries describe different carriages and include their features, 
such as the shape and color of the body, the kind of cloth used for the seat, 
the maker of the axle, etc. Each entry has a number that corresponds to a 
carriage model and initials, perhaps of the purchaser, alongside most of the 
Document 295. 

596. Design book. Ca. 1800-1849. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 46 cm. 

Book contains 117 painted designs for either wallpaper or textiles that were 
probably French in origin. Many are abstract floral patterns, some appear 
to be border designs, and a few are numbered. 
Folio 188. 

597. Design book. 1902-11. 

130 p.: ill. (some col.); 40 cm. 

Consists of hundreds of pencil sketches of English silver objects. The 
sketches, arranged and numbered as if for a catalogue, depict a variety of 
objects, including toilet sets and accessories, tableware and flatware, frames 

158 Guide to the Whilerthur Lihrnn/ 

for photographs, tea sets, desk furnishings, baby articles, candlestick hold- 
ers, vessels, and other items. Some drawings were sketched directly onto 
the pages of the volume while others were pasted in. 
Folio 37. 

598. Design book for textiles. Ca. 1840s. 

1 portfolio of 210 items: col. ill.; 35 cm. 

A stationer's label from Rouen and French writing contained within this 

book indicate that its unnamed owner must have been French. 

Includes 210 designs for textiles. Geometric shapes predominate, and most 

designs are brightly colored. 

Collection 410. 

599. Designs. Ca. 1900-1930. 
60 items: ill. 

Consists of commercial and hand-drawn decorative designs, many on tis- 
sue paper, for needlework, japanning, china painting, etc. Illustrations fea- 
ture insects, flowers, and geometric shapes. Included are designs and sug- 
gestions for use of color from the D. M. Campana Co., advertised as "De 
Luxe China Painting Designs" and distributed by Thayer & Chandler, a 
Chicago firm that specialized in handicraft materials. 
Collection 365. 

600. Dettman, Johannes. 
Account book. 1811-23. 
18 leaves; 34 cm. 

Johannes Dettman was a weaver and probably a resident of Pennsylvania. 
Manuscript records Dettman's business transactions. Most entries reveal 
that he sold linen and cotton cloth. 
Text is in German. 
Document 1064. 

601. Detweiler, Joseph. 
Illuminated music book. 1821. 

8 leaves: ill. (some col.); 9x17 cm. 

Joseph Detweiler was a Mennonite and probably lived in Pennsylvania. 

Book contains music to twenty-eight hymns. First lines were used as titles, 

and several indicate the psalm or text of origin. The title page features an 

illumination depicting flowering plants within a decorative border. 

Text is in German. 

Document 1063. 

602. Devitt, Mrs. Charles W. 
Recipe book. Ca. 1871. 

1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Dcmms CollectUm and Archives 159 

Mrs. Charles W. Devitt and Mrs. M. Lex, both Philadelphia residents, con- 
tributed recipes to this volume. 

Manuscript includes instructions for making cakes, puddings, wines, and 
popovers and includes a remedy for dyspepsia. 
Document 324. 

603. Dewey, H. F. 

Account book. 1839-1864. 

1 microfilm reel. 

H. F. Dewey was a chairmaker from Bennington, Vermont. 
Accounts in this manuscript record Dewey's chairmaking activities. 
Original item located at the Shelburne Museum. 
Microfilm M2431. 

604. Dexter, Henry, 1806-76. 
Papers. 1841-91. 

2 boxes: ill. 

Portraitist Henry Dexter studied painting in Boston with Francis Alexan- 
der. He became a well-known sculptor, though he had never been formally 
instructed in the medium. Charles Dickens, James Buchanan, and many 
American governors sat for him. After his death his daughter, Anna Doug- 
las, donated many of his works to the Smithsonian Institution. 
Collection contains business letters and invoices, correspondence between 
Dexter and members of his family, exhibit advertisements, publicity for his 
sculpture, and a paper related to the patent of a bust. Particularly note- 
worthy are a manuscript entitled "History of Sculpture in America," a cata- 
logue of items in Dexter's studio, and an autobiographical sketch. In addi- 
tion this collection encompasses some of Anna Dexter's papers, including a 
travel diary of a trip to Florida. 
Collection 405. 

605. Diamond, Hugh W. 

Scraps on balloons. 1783-1866. 
1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 26 cm. 
Hugh W. Diamond lived in Surrey, England. 

Includes newspaper clippings, handwritten comments, and pen-and-ink 
and watercolor illustrations that pertain to ballooning. It is likely that Dia- 
mond began assembling this volume in 1848. 
Document 433. 

606. Diaries. 1771-1829. 
19 vols.; 11 cm. 

Includes annotated volumes of Poor Will's Almanack kept by three different 
people. An unidentified individual who noted that he courted the daughter 
of Joseph Saunders maintained the earliest of the volumes. He also re- 
corded the furniture that the British confiscated from his Philadelphia 

160 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Librniy 

residence in 1778. Diaries dating from 1780 to 1782 were kept by David 
Stewart; he may have kept them for 1784, 1787, and 1788 as well. Stewart 
had a farm near the Delaware River, and he recorded entries regarding his 
agricultural pursuits and the raising of livestock. Another series of diaries 
kept by a third hand records financial dealings, lists wind directions, and 
charts ships leaving a harbor, probably Philadelphia. The 1829 almanac is 
not annotated. 
Collection 176. 

607. Diaries of a Boston artist. 1851-54, 1857-64. 
2 vols.: ill. (some col.); 29 x 36 cm. 

Although the keeper of these volumes is unknown, it is clear that he was 
an artist living in Boston and that he was probably from a well-to-do fam- 

Volumes contain handwritten descriptions and original drawings and water- 
colors that describe the keeper's travels during a period of about fifteen 
years. He visited Key West, Florida; Saint Augustine, Cuba; Charleston, 
South Carolina; Annapolis; Philadelphia; New York City; and places 
throughout New England and Canada. Drawings show seascapes, slave 
quarters, city views, plantations, public buildings, and local landmarks. 
The keeper recorded his frank opinions of the things he saw on his travels. 
Typescript of text available. 
Folio 143. 

608. Diary 1804-5. 

1 microfilm reel. 

An unidentified seaman wrote this manuscript. It describes sea and 

weather conditions on a trip to Macao. 

Original diary located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Microfilm M106. 

609. Diary 1821. 
100 p.; 16 cm. 

The unnamed keeper of this diary was a widow from Utica, New York. 
Manuscript describes a journey through central and western New York 
State, roughly following the route of the unfinished Erie Canal, from June 
21 to July 27, 1821. There are frequent references to work on the waterway 
and descriptions of the landscape, towns, houses, roads, and taverns along 
the way. In addition, the writer discusses Auburn Prison, the Oneida In- 
dian Reservation, and Niagara Falls. 
Document 214. 

610. Diary. 1852-53. 
238 p.; 21 cm. 

The diarist was an unidentified American young man who was traveling in 

Downs Colkclion and Archii'es 161 

Manuscript begins with an account of an ocean passage to Southampton, 
England. The writer recorded his experiences in England, France, and Italy, 
commenting on many famous sites, such as the Tower of London, the Brit- 
ish Museum, the Louvre, Versailles, the Vatican, and the Baths of Diocle- 
tian. During his trip he visited the studios of several artists. 
Document 552. 

611. Diary. 1853. 
Ill p.; 16 cm. 

An unnamed American kept this diary while he journeyed in Europe. He 
spent time in Venice, Vienna, Dresden, Berlin, and London. He took a 
cruise on the Rhine and compared it with the Hudson River in the United 
States. The writer stopped at historic sites, museums, and churches in the 
cities through which he traveled. 
Document 776. 

612. Diary. 1857. 
12 p.; 20 cm. 

The unidentified keeper of this diary, an apparently well-to-do young 
woman originally from Jersey City, New Jersey, resided on Twenty-third 
Street in New York City. 

Writings relate to the author's impressions of hotels and of the appearances 
and characteristics of their lodgers. In addition she describes the furnish- 
ings of hotels in France and Italy that she saw during a trip to Europe. 
Document 731. 

613. Diary. 1859. 
128 p.; 10 cm. 

The keeper of this diary was a trader, repairman, handyman, and farmer in 
the vicinity of Richmond, Maine. His last name may have been Curtis, and 
his wife's maiden name may have been Brooks. 

Manuscript principally records the diarist's trading activities as he went 
door-to-door with such items as Britannia ware, spikes, and barrels that he 
made in his own shop. He noted the streets on which he traded and the 
names of people in Richmond with whom he boarded. The diarist indi- 
cated that he was a devout Baptist and sympathetic to the temperance 
Document 800. 

614. Diary. 1888-91. 
192 p.; 35 cm. 

While this farmer's diary is unsigned, the cover bears the initials C.A.C. 
Internal evidence suggests that the surname of the keeper was either 
Clough or Church. Further evidence suggests that he was a Quaker, a resi- 
dent of Maine, and a member of the A. O. U|nited|. Wlorkman's]. union. 

162 Guide to the Wiutertluir Librnn/ 

Diary summarizes the activities of a farmer, including descriptions of the 
weather, daily work undertaken (haying, gardening, preparing the soil, 
butchering, repairing fences, etc.), travel, and attendance at union gather- 
ings. Of particular interest are entries made each January giving a detailed 
inventory of the diarist's farm and its value. 
Folio 284. 

615. Diary 1889. 
110 p.; 26 cm. 

The unidentified keeper of this diary of a trip to Europe seems to have 
been well educated and may have been a minister from Oakland, Maine. 
His traveling companion was a Mr. Roy. 

The travel account describes the keeper's trip from Oakland, Maine, to 
New York City, where he had secured passage on a ship for an Atlantic 
crossing to Ireland. From there, he went to Scotland and then to England, 
where he focused his time on the sights of London. The traveler then 
crossed the English Channel into France and took a train from Calais to 
Paris. In Paris, he saw such places as the Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame, Ver- 
sailles, an exhibit at Machinery Hall on Thomas Edison's exploits, the Arc 
de Triomphe, etc. The writer's views are clearly expressed through very de- 
scriptive narrative. 
Document 983. 

616. Diary 1897-1900. 
268 p.; 34 cm. 

The unnamed diarist seems to have been an elderly widow with two chil- 
dren who lived close to Rutland, Vermont. 

Manuscript records the sedentary Ufe of the diarist. Her son, Joseph, and 
her daughter, Lucy, customarily brought groceries and mail to her and 
helped to clean her home. The diarist recorded visits by others; observed 
events through her front window; and recorded when household chores, 
such as rug cleaning and window screen installation, needed to be done. 
Bound with an account book of a blacksmith, 1866-67; see entry 54. 
Document 236. 

617. Diary no. 4. 1810. 
1 vol.; 43 cm. 

Manuscript was used by someone associated with an ironworks near Hav- 

erstraw. New York. 

Book notes the daily output and activities of the ironworks from January to 

August 1810. References are made to an anchor shop, a smith shop, and a 

grist mill. 

Folio 205. 

618. Diary of a New Castle County, Delaware, cabinetmaker. 1785-86. 
52 p.; 21 cm. 

Dawns Callectiau and Archms 163 

William Johnston, a cabinetmaker and joiner in Mill Creek Hundred, Dela- 
ware, may have been the keeper of this diary. 

Manuscript documents the work of a cabinetmaker who also helped with 
barn raisings, constructed window sashes, put up fences, and made coffins. 
He often made furniture. 
Name and object index available. 
Document 739. 

619. Dibble, Mary H. 

Personal account books. 1888-1900. 

2 vols.; 20 cm. 

Mary H. and E. H. Dibble were residents of New Lisbon, Ohio. They may 

have been unmarried sisters who shared a house. 

Books contain a very detailed listing of income and expenses made for the 

household over a twelve-year period at the end of the nineteenth century. 

The second volume records expenditures for food. 

Document 147. 

620. Dickinson, Abner. 
Papers. 1815-84. 

1 vol. + 1 file folder. 

Abner Dickinson was a farmer in Glastonbury, Connecticut, during the first 
half of the nineteenth century. 

Collection contains accounts recording the use of Dickinson's cattle, wag- 
ons, plows, and horses and sales of cider, grain, and produce. Loose manu- 
scripts relate to his service in the Mexican War from 1845 to 1848 and in- 
clude deeds for property in New Britain, Connecticut. 
Collection 16. 

621. Dickinson, Obadiah, 1812-50. 
Remarks on painting. Ca. 1835-46. 
1 vol.; 26 cm. 

Obadiah Dickinson was a portrait and genre painter. Born in Haddam, 
Connecticut, he worked in New York City and Hartford, Connecticut, and 
exhibited his works at the National Academy from 1839 to 1844. 
Includes remarks about various painters and painting techniques. Dickin- 
son wrote about Gilbert Stuart's methods of painting portraits and in- 
cluded extracts from John Burnef s works, observations on painting drap- 
ery, notes on cleaning paintings, etc. 
Index of artists mentioned available. 
Document 704. 

622. Die cuts. Ca. 1860-1900. 
25 items: col. ill. 

Collection consists of twenty-five Victorian-era die cuts — sometimes re- 
ferred to as scraps and chromos — depicting a number of activities and 

164 Guide to the Wintcrtlwr Library 

subjects. Children in costume, a couple in a boat, a woman kneeling before 
a cross, carriage riders, and a huntsman are among the images depicted. 
There are also animals, flowers, and views of houses. 
Collection 122. 

623. Dimmick, Amasa. 
Ledger. 1815-34. 
86 leaves; 19 cm. 

Amasa Dimmick was a merchant from Orwell, Pennsylvania. 
Various types of produce, meats, grains, liquor, and household goods 
passed through Dimmick's store. Goods and labor were often used for pay- 
ment instead of currency. A list of materials used for building a school- 
house is included as well. 
Includes name index. 
Document 972. 

624. Directory of commission merchants. Ca. 1845-60. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Manuscript directory lists commission merchants in New Orleans and Mo- 
bile, Alabama, and includes the names of firms, agents, and types of mer- 
chandise handled. 
Document 517. 

625. Dixon and Smith. 
Letter book. Ca. 1813-26. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Dixon and Smith, more recently James Dixon & Sons of Sheffield, England, 

engaged in the retail trade and sold silver-plated wares. 

Letters in this collection concern orders and payments for goods. They 

were written over an undated illustrated catalogue of the firm. Also on this 

reel of film is another undated, illustrated, priced catalogue for James 

Dixon & Sons. 

Microfilm M852. 

626. Documents related to pottery. 1838-76. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Documents include bills of exchange and import-export records of goods 
shipped to the United States from England as well as records of shipping 
charges. Pottery goods are frequently included. 

Original manuscripts located at the Hanley Museum, Stoke-on-Trent, En- 
Microfilm M934. 

627. Dodd Bros. 
Papers. 1860-76. 
.5 cu. ft. 

Doivns CoUectinii and Archives 165 

William H. C. Dodd and S. Walter Dodd were engravers from Newark, 
New Jersey. They succeeded S. Dodd & Son, and their shop was located at 
306 Broad Street. William H. C. Dodd apparently sold coal as well. Much 
of their work involved engraving on rings, silverware, dishes, watches, 
door plates, coffin plates, and so forth. 

Collection consists of an account book, a design book, and more than 550 
receipts. The account book contains daily sales records between November 
1868 and March 1870 and monthly debits for a coal operation from 1874 to 
1876. The design book features thousands of engraved images used in the 
Dodd's engraving business. The receipts document purchases made by the 
business, including envelopes, stencil tools, and die cuts. 
Collection 504. 

628. Dodds, Eliza. 
Account book. 1813-23. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Eliza Dodds was a milliner and seamstress in Georgetown and Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

Manuscript comprises more than 400 pages of accounts that document 
Dodds's occupation, including the kinds of fabrics she chose to work with, 
the types of sewing she performed, her customers' names, and prices she 

Original manuscript located at the Historical Society of Washington, D.C. 
Microfilm M2746. 

629. Dodge, Joseph, 1776-1849. 
Records. 1776-1851. 

1 box. 

Joseph Dodge was a potter in Exeter and Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 

His father, Jabez, established the Exeter Pottery Works. Dodge's brothers, 

sons, and maternal relations were also potters. 

Records consist of an account book kept by Dodge from 1832 to 1842, 

deeds for property, and estate papers. The account book features a record 

of pottery production, especially redware. 

Originals of legal papers located at the Office of the Register of Probates 

and Deeds, Rockingham County, New Hampshire. 

Collection 306. 

630. Dodge Art Publishing Company 
Illustrated Florida. Ca. 1882. 

16 plates: col. ill.; 13 x 19 cm. 

The Dodge Art Publishing Company was based in Buffalo, New York. 
These chromolithographed cards are part of a larger series, Illustrated Re- 
sorts, that Dodge published in the 1880s. They show various places in Flor- 
ida, including St. John's River, St. Augustine, Jacksonville, and Palatka. 
Also portrayed are riverboats, plantations, produce, and home life. 
Document 1083. 

166 Guitlf to the Winlerthur Librnry 

631. Doggett, John, 1780-1857. 
Records. 1802-48. 

12 items. 

John Doggett was a furnituremaker, carver, and gilder working principally 
in Roxbury, Massachusetts, and Boston. A son, John Jr., and a brother, Sam- 
uel, worked with him in his business. By 1822 Doggett had begun buying, 
selling, and framing prints and portraits, and he later became involved in 
importing and making carpets. He opened another store in Philadelphia 
under the name of Doggett, Fransworth & Co. and another in New York 
City with his son. Doggett retired sometime during the late 1840s, leaving 
business affairs under the direction of his brother, Samuel, and Samuel S. 

Collection includes a daybook, kept from 1802 to 1809; a letter book, kept 
from 1825 to 1829; and ten bills, three of which are photocopies. The day- 
book documents what Doggett and his associates did each day, while the 
letter book relates to what he imported. The bills refer to carpets and 
painted floor cloths. 
Name index available. 
Collection 330; Microfilm M2812-M2813. 

632. Dolbeare, John. 

Bill of lading book. 1718-40. 
1 microfilm reel. 

John Dolbeare worked as a merchant in Boston. 

Manuscript records Dolbeare's shipments of metalware (pewter, brass, and 
iron) and other commodities (furs, apples, oil, gun powder, whale bone, sil- 
ver, gold, etc.) to other ports, both domestic and foreign. 
Original manuscript located at the Massachusetts Historical Society. 
Microfilm Ml 91 2. 

633. Dominy family. 
Papers. 1764-1905. 
3 boxes. 

Members of the Dominy family settled in East Hampton, Long Island, New 
York, during the 1600s. The papers of several members of the Dominy fam- 
ily are contained within this collection, including Nathaniel IV (1737-1812), 
Nathaniel V (1770-1852), Felix (1800-1868), and Nathaniel VII (1827-1910). 
The family was best known for its watch- and clockmaking and furniture 

Collection includes account books, letters, weather diaries, bills, receipts, 
notes, exercise books, and watch papers. Of special note are the account 
books that document the variety of activities performed by the Dominys as 
well as the tools they needed for their work. Watch registers record the 
names of original makers and owners, watch numbers, and types of re- 

Dounis CoUectioii and Archives 167 

Finding aid available. 

Related material located at the East Hampton, New York, Public Library; 
photographs of Dominy-made hjrniture in the Decorative Arts Photo- 
graphic Collection of the Winterthur Library; Dominy family artifacts on 
display at Winterthur Museum. 

Collection used for With Hammer in Hand: The Dominy Craftsmen of East 
Hampton, N.Y., by Charles F. Hummel, published by the University Press of 
Virginia, Charlottesville, 1968. 
Collection 265; Microfilm M219, M245. 

634. Donnel, Amelia. 
Account book. 1850-54. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

Amelia Donnel and her family lived in Sunbury, Pennsylvania, probably on 
a farm. She had five children and employed domestic servants and other 
help, suggesting that the Donnels were prosperous. 
Volume contains a list of individuals who were paid by the Donnels for 
shoemaking, sewing, and supplying the family's icehouse as well as a list 
of purchases of household commodities. The manuscript also contains 
summaries of household expenses, money spent on travel, and wages paid 
to domestic help. 
Folio 58. 

635. Doolittle, John. 
Account book. 1816-43. 

1 vol.; 20 cm. 

John Doolittle was a furniture- and chairmaker from New Haven and later 

Wallingford, Connecticut. 

In addition to his furnituremaking activities, Doolittle built fences, painted, 

cleaned clocks, decorated furniture, made wagon chairs, etc. Agricultural 

labor is also noted. 

Document 511. 

636. Doolittle, Joseph. 
Account books. 1833-38. 

2 vols.; 17 cm. 

Sawyer Joseph Doolittle, probably a resident of New England, used these 
volumes to record his sawing, primarily making planks out of logs. The 
number of logs and subsequent feet of boards are both noted. Doolittle also 
made broom handles. 
Document 898. 

637. Dorman, Charles G. 
Research notes. 1954-60. 
1 box. 

168 Giiitle to the Winterthtir Librnn/ 

Charles G. Dorman was a museum curator. He served as manager of 
Danby Galleries of Wilmington, Delaware, then as assistant curator in the 
Division of PoHtical History, Smithsonian Institution, and then worked at 
Independence National Historical Park in Philadelphia. He collected 
Delaware-specific artifacts. 

Includes notes for and a typescript of what Dorman called "A Survey of 
Delaware Cabinetmakers, 1700-1830." With additions, this work was later 
issued as Delazvnre Cabinetmakers and Allied Artisans, 1655-1855 (Wilming- 
ton: Historical Society of Delaware, 1960). 
Collection 261. 

638. Dorr, Sullivan, 1778-1858. 
Account books and diary. 1801-58. 
2 microfilm reels. 

Sullivan Dorr resided in Canton, China, from 1800 to 1804 and then re- 
turned to Providence, Rhode Island, to live. 

Collection includes a memorandum book dated 1801 that offers details of 
conducting business with the Chinese; an account book of family expenses; 
and a diary detailing the construction of Dorr's house at 109 Benefit Street, 
Providence, from 1809 to 1812. 

At the time of filming, materials were "owned by Providence Preservation 
Society at the Rhode Island Historical Society." 
Microfilm M227-M228. 

639. Dorsey family. 
Papers. 1728-1845. 
349 items. 

The Dorsey family of merchants, landowners, and sugar refiners lived in 
various places in Harford County, Maryland, and eastern Pennsylvania, in- 
cluding Philadelphia. 

Collection contains bills, receipts, indentures, deeds, legal documents, sur- 
veys, and letters compiled by or referring to members of the Dorsey family. 
The bills and receipts mention personal expenses, and the legal documents 
often relate to land and disputes over estates and mortgages. 
Collection 421. 

640. Dotterer, John. 
Illuminated music book. 1800. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 10 x 17 cm. 

A resident of Upper Saucon Township, Pennsylvania, John Dotterer wrote 
the musical notes and accompanying lyrics for songs in this manuscript. 
There are decorative illustrations, including one in the Fraktur style, and 
calligraphic flourishes. 
Text is in German. 
Document 770. 

Dmims Collection and Archwes 169 

641. Doughty, May Might, 1876-? 
Diary. 1894-96. 

143 p.; 21 cm. 

May Hight Doughty Hved in Augusta, Maine. After she graduated from 
high school, she taught grammar school. 

Diary entries relate to Doughty's final semester in high school and her 
early teaching experiences. Many of her social activities are recorded, in- 
cluding sleigh riding, taffy pulls, dances, and visits to the Queer Old Cat 
Club. At the end of the volume Doughty mentions books she read and re- 
cords quotations, songs, and a list of parties she attended. 
Document 872. 

642. Dow, George Francis, 1868-1936. 
Notes. Ca. 1900-1930. 

2 folders. 

George Francis Dow was a historian who published several works on the 

history of New England, including Everyday Life in the Massachusetts Bay 

Colony in 1935, Shipping and Trade in Early Neio England in 1932, and The 

Pirates of the Neiv England Coast in 1923. 

Collection includes notes on the construction of buildings in Massachusetts, 

most of them pre-1700. Included are texts of contracts from Essex County 

court files, rough diagrams, and information about initial construction 

dates of dwellings. 

Document 910. 

643. Downs, Joseph. 
Accounts. 1801-37. 
21 items. 

Joseph Downs was a weaver in Fairfield, Connecticut. In 1814 he worked 
for Merchant Co. 

One portion of this collection includes an account book, orders, receipts, 
and accounts concerning Downs's weaving activities. Such woven items as 
flannel, blankets, linen, bed ticking, and carpeting are mentioned. A second 
portion features lists of fabrics with colors and yardages. A third has mis- 
cellaneous material relating to agricultural activities and Downs's pension 
from the United States War Department. 
Name index to account book available. 
Collection 304. 

644. Downs, Joseph, 1895-1954. 
Papers. 1949-54. 

15 cu. ft. 

Joseph Downs was an authority on American decorative arts. Following his 
graduation from the Boston Museum School in 1921, he served succes- 
sively as a staff member at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, as curator 

170 Guide to the Winterthur Librniy 

of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, as curator of the American Wing of the 
Metropolitan Museum of Art, and finally as the first curator of the Henry 
Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum. A prolific author. Downs was com- 
pleting the second volume of a proposed three-volume history of American 
furniture at the time of his death. 

Papers consist of Downs's working files and include correspondence, two 
sketchbooks of furniture compiled in the early 1920s, research notes, lec- 
tures, book reviews, photographs of furniture, lantern slides, and material 
relating to the publications he produced. A few folders contain obituary 
notices and memorial materials issued after he died. 
Collection 76. 

645. Doyle, Staughton S. 
Notebook. 1847-65. 
71 leaves: ill.; 34 cm. 

Staughton Doyle taught piano and organ lessons at churches in Philadel- 

Volume contains student notes for geometry, algebra, and civil engineering; 
autographs; accounts for piano instruction and organ playing; and Doyle's 
personal expenses. 
Document 117. 

646. Drawing book. Ca. 1780-1820. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 20 cm. 

Contains more than forty-five pages of flowers, fruits, and ornamental 
drawings in watercolor that seem to have been copied from Pierre Ran- 
son's etchings. Watermarked paper suggests that the volume originated in 
Document 741. 

647. Drawing book. 1818-22. 
1 vol.: ill.; 21 x 18 cm. 

Volume was kept by an unidentified artist, probably from France. 
Includes about 100 pencil drawings and pen sketches showing people, 
buildings, and cities. Cities shown are New York; Philadelphia; Baltimore; 
Norfolk, Virginia; New Orleans; and several places along the Mississippi 
River and in Ohio. 
Document 699; Microfilm M661 . 

648. Drawing book. Ca. 1850-1920. 
1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 20 cm. 

The unidentified artist who used this book drew a secretary desk, the exte- 
rior of a school building, a dwelling, a meetinghouse, and a barn. The artist 
was probably part of a Pennsylvania German community. 
Document 1076. 

Dozims Collection and Archives 171 

649. Drawings. Ca. 1880-1910. 
37 p.: ill.; 42 cm. 

The unnamed creator of this volume was a French curtain designer. 
Contains twenty drawings of curtains that also show the room settings in 
which they were hung; interior architectural detail and pieces of furniture 
complete the pictures. Costs of curtains are also included. 
Folio 83. 

650. Drawings. Ca. 1890. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 19 x 15 cm. 

Consists of seven wash drawings and one pencil sketch depicting spoon 


Document 609. 

651. Drawyers Presbyterian Church. 
Records. 1870-1940. 

3 boxes. 

Drawyers Presbyterian Church was organized in St. George's Hundred, 
Delaware, in the early 1700s. In 1773 the congregation constructed a new 
building just north of Odessa. After it moved to a different site in 1861, the 
church fell into disrepair. More than thirty years later, an organization 
called Friends of Old Drawyers was established to preserve and restore the 
building and its surrounding cemetery. 

Collection consists of the church treasurer's book, kept from 1870 to 1900, 
and records of the Friends of Old Drawyers. The latter includes constitu- 
tions, letters, clippings, and financial information on the organization's 
preservation work. 
Collection 39. 

652. Drayton, Grace Gebbie. 
Dolly Dingle's travels. 1921. 

2 sheets: ill. (some col.); 40 cm. 

Grace Gebbie Drayton designed a paper doll series named Dolly Dingle. 
John H. Eggers published her work in New York. 

These two sheets are each folded into four pages with an extra sheet glued 
in. Each page of dolls shows costumes from different European countries: 
Ireland, Scotland, England, Belgium, Holland, Spain, Italy, and Switzer- 
land. Young girls were supposed to craft books that corresponded to the 
paper doll themes. 
Collection 220. 

653. Dreer, Henry A., 1818-73. 
Letters. 1847-48, 1868-69. 
16 items. 

172 Guide to tlw Wiitterlhur Libran/ 

Henry A. Dreer ran a seedhouse in Philadelphia. It began operation in 1838 
and grew substantially over the years. Dreer's son, William E, entered the 
business in 1868 and, upon his father's death five years later, took over. 
William managed the business into the mid-1920s. 

Consists primarily of two sets of letters. The first — five in number — were 
written by Henry to his future wife, Mary Leavenworth, a resident of 
Reading, Pennsylvania. William F. Dreer wrote the second group of letters 
while in Germany and in addition to describing his life there discussed his 
studies with an individual named Senary, whom he identified as the lead- 
ing seedsman in Erfurt, if not in all of Germany. 
Finding aid available. 
Document 334. 

654. Drisco, Joshua H. 

Papers. 1814-1902, bulk 1814-53. 
1 box. 

Joshua H. Drisco was a merchant from Portsmouth, New Hampshire, who 
apparently owned several ships that carried cargo up and down the east- 
ern seaboard. 

Collection consists of more than 125 bills and receipts that record personal 
expenses, including outlays for house repairs, food, clothing, wood, stoves, 
etc.; a book of freight records detailing items shipped for customers; two 
notebooks documenting personal expenses and weather observations; a 
scrapbook containing loose clippings of poetry and obituaries; and a his- 
tory of the Boston waterworks. 
Collection 430. 

655. Drummer's sample book. 18407-59? 
50 items on 3 panels; 31 cm. 

Includes samples of fifty brass and iron fitments, picture hooks, escutch- 
eons, etc., each bearing a number. The manufacturer and seller are not 
Document 104. 

656. Drury, Luke, d. 1811. 
Papers. 1785-1811. 

1 folder. 

Col. Luke Drury lived in Marlborough, Massachusetts. 
This small collection contains papers relating to Luke Drury and his estate. 
An account book kept by Moses Ames, executor, documents expenses relat- 
ing to the estate. 
Collection 524. 

657. du Pont, Evelina, 1840-1938. 
Papers. 1794-1824, 1856-1938. 
3 boxes. 

Dpitms Collection and Archives 


Evelina du Pont was the daughter of Henry du Pont and Louisa Gerhard 
and the aunt of Henry Francis du Pont, founder of Winterthur Museum. 
She attended Miss Bayard's School in Philadelphia. Her interests were in 
civic and community affairs, and she belonged to Christ Church, Christiana 
Hundred, Delaware. 

Papers consist of correspondence, postcards, and invitations that reflect du 
Pont family relationships. Much of the correspondence describes a world- 
wide cruise that Evelina's niece, Mrs. H. F. du Pont, and two grandchildren 
took in 1938. There are also early letters written by Evelina's great- 
grandfather, Jechonias Wood, and other family members. In addition, the 
papers include several imprints inscribed to Evelina, discussing such topics 
as religion, medicine, and travel. 
Finding aid available. 
Archives 8. 

658. du Pont, Henry Algernon, 1838-1926. 
Papers. 1848-1926. 
53 boxes + 22 objects. 

Henry Algernon du Pont, son of Henry and Louisa Gerhard du Pont, was 
bom at Eleutherian Mills, Delaware. He first attended the University of 

Entry 658. Winterthur, a family home of members of the du Pont family in 
Delaware, as it appeared when Col. H. A. du Pont lived there in the 1920s. 

174 Gtihic to the Wintcrllitir Libran/ 

Pennsylvania and then the United States Military Academy at West Point. 
After graduating at the head of his class at West Point in 1861, du Pont 
embarked on a distinguished military career during the Civil War, winning 
a Congressional Medal of Honor for heroic efforts at the Battle of Cedar 
Creek in Virginia. From 1906 to 1917, du Pont served as a United Slates 
Senator. He was the author of several military reminiscences and served as 
his family's historian. Du Pont resided on an estate named Winterthur, lo- 
cated near Wilmington, Delaware, that had been settled in 1839. Du Pont 
married Mary Pauline Foster in 1874. Their children were Henry Francis du 
Pont and Louise du Pont Crowninshield. 

Collection includes correspondence, bills, cartographic and pictorial items, 
and materials of a social nature relating to politics, society, corporations, 
and the Winterthur estate. Much of the correspondence concerns du Font's 
financial interests. 

Arranged in eleven series. Folder title listing available. 
Archives 12. 

659. du Pont, Henry Francis, 1880-1969. 
Papers. 1890-1969. 

1,212 boxes + 48 lin. ft. of books + 324 objects. 

Henry Francis du Pont, son of Col. Henry Algernon and Mary Pauline Fos- 
ter du Pont, was born at Winterthur, Delaware. He was educated at Groton 
and Harvard. In 1914 he assumed the management of Winterthur Farms 
and started a breeding program that resulted in a world-renowned Hol- 
stein herd. Du Pont studied horticulture, served on many civic and busi- 
ness boards of trustees, and served as the chairman of the Fine Arts Com- 
mittee of the White House during John F. Kennedy's administration. He 
established the Winterthur Museum at the site of his birth and owned 
other residences on Long Island; in Chestertown, Maryland; Boca Grande, 
Florida; and New York City. Du Pont married Ruth Wales of Hyde Park, 
New York, in 1916. They had two daughters. 

Collection — divided into eleven series — includes correspondence with an- 
tiques dealers related to the development of Winterthur Museum's collec- 
tion of historic artifacts, letters of a social nature, Walpole Society commu- 
nications, horticultural items, material on room installations at Winterthur, 
architectural drawings, pictorial files illustrating Winterthur, and publica- 
tions either inscribed to du Pont or signed by him. 
Finding aids for some series available. 
Archives 11. 

660. du Pont, Ruth Wales, 1889-1967. 
Papers. Ca. 1900-1951. 

99 boxes -I- 55 objects. 

Ruth Wales du Pont, daughter of Edward H. and Ruth Hawks Wales, was 

born in New York City. She attended Miss Spencer's School in New York 

Downs Collectioti and Archives 175 

and the Peabody Institute in Baltimore. She was interested in music and 
historic preservation and served as a trustee of Tryon Palace, New Bern, 
South Carolina. On June 24, 1916, she married Henry Francis du Pont, 
founder of Winterthur Museum. The couple had two daughters. 
Collection includes correspondence, bills, manuscripts, publications, and 
much information on du Pont's social life. Of particular note are her origi- 
nal musical compositions and sheet music for songs that were initially pop- 
ular during the early twentieth century. Objects include many mono- 
grammed artifacts used by du Pont, including traveling gear, saddles, etc. 
Folder title listing available. 
Archives 10. 

661. Duhamel, Josias, II, 1657-1721. 
Diary. 19-. 

92 p.; 28 cm. 

Born in Dieppe, France, Josias Duhamel was named after his father; his 
mother was Elizabeth Languillet-Duhamel. Josias managed the timber busi- 
ness that his father had started and later began trading laces. He then 
moved to Amsterdam, where he was successively a textile merchant, 
money broker, and insurance agent. Josias married Anne Leplastier, and 
they had four children. 

Duhamel's diary — a twentieth-century handwritten copy of an early 
eighteenth-century original — records much family genealogy and mentions 
unusual events of family life. Josias Duhamel III maintained it. 
Document 202. 

662. Dumaresq, Philip, 1804-64. 
Letter book. 1831-40. 

1 vol.; 26 cm. 

Philip Dumaresq was the captain of a ship at the time he kept this manu- 

Letters concern Dumaresq's ship and its cargoes. He sailed the ship Martha 
on a route that took him from Boston to Chinese ports. Tea seems to have 
been the product most transported. 
Document 753. 

663. Dumas, Josephine. 
Commonplace book. 1884-85. 
1 vol.: ill.; 21 cm. 

Josephine Dumas attended St. Cyprien, a private boarding school in Na- 

pierville, Quebec, Canada, when she kept this volume. 

Book includes stories, poems, song lyrics, prayers, horoscopes, and letters 

to family members and friends. There is a list of students and sisters at the 

school for 1885. 

Text is almost entirely in French. 

Document 849. 

176 Guide to the Winterthur Librnry 

664. Dummer, George, Jr. 
Ledger. 1847-48. 

1 vol.; 46 cm. 

George Dummer Jr. was a glass manufacturer from Jersey City, New Jersey. 
His father founded the business around 1826, and though it operated un- 
der different names during the next forty years, a Dummer family member 
was always associated with the firm until 1862. It produced blown glass, 
pressed glass, and cut glass and obtained patents for pressed glassware. 
Manuscript records money owed to and paid by Dummer. Glassware is not 
Folio 201. 

665. Dumont, B. B. 

Account book. 1865-72, 1879, 1886-95. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

The Dumont family lived in Seneca County, New York. Members of the 
family were farmers. B. B. Dumont, later a resident of Seneca, Kansas, was 
also involved in the building trades. 

Volume includes information relating to the settlement of estates of various 
members of the Dumont family and B. B. Dumont's personal and house- 
hold expenses and records of his carpentry business. 
Name index available. 
Document 455. 

666. Dunklee & Freeman. 

Souvenir of the coaching parade: Greenfield. 1897. 
1 vol.; 14 X 20 cm. 

Dunklee & Freeman was a photography firm. 

Includes albumen prints of entries in a parade held in Greenfield, Massa- 
chusetts. Depicted are horses and carriages, a Roman chariot, bicycles, 
floats, etc. Captions identify each picture. 
Document 386. 

667. Dupuy, T. 

La poupee modele. Ca. 1870. 

1 sheet: col. ill. 

T. Dupuy was an importer from Paris, France. 

Uncut sheet of a female paper doll (front and back) with three dresses and 

a wig. 

Text is in French. 

Collection 220. 

668. Durand, John. 
Account book. 1760-83. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Downs Collection and Archives 177 

John Durand worked as a turner in Milford, Connecticut. 
Accounts are recorded for furniture, clothing, food, hardware, wood, and 
many kinds of household furnishings. 
Index to objects named available. 

Original manuscript located at the Milford Historical Society in Connecti- 
Microfilm M1761. 

669. Durand, Samuel. 
Account book. 1806-36. 

Samuel Durand worked as a turner in Milford, Connecticut. 
Accounts are recorded for many types of house furnishings, furniture, 
building materials, clothing, etc. 
Index to objects named available. 

Original manuscript located at the Milford Historical Society in Connecti- 
Microfilm Ml 761. 

670. Dutilh, Etienne, 1748-1810. 
Account book. 1804. 

1 vol.; 33 cm. 

Etienne Dutilh was a Philadelphia merchant who had worked in the Neth- 
erlands and England before immigrating to the United States. He began his 
career in the United States in 1783 and was active until his death. Over the 
course of his career, he formed at least two partnerships, one with ]. G. 
Wachsmuth and another with Soulrer. Much of Dutilh's trade was con- 
ducted with firms based in the West Indies. 

Manuscript contains entries relating to the import-export business, chiefly 
insurance on goods shipped to and from Jamaica. In addition, duties, notes 
receivable and payable, and portage and pilotage payments are recorded. 
Name and occupation indexes available. 
Document 424. 

671. Dye sample book. 1858. 
79 p.; 16 cm. 

Volume contains 292 swatches of printed cotton textiles, most in shades of 
pink, purple, maroon, or brick red. Recipes for dyeing are included. A pre- 
vious holder of the book noted that he believed many of the swatches were 
Collection 50. 

672. Dyer, Rufus, 1764-1815. 
Account book. 1792-1802. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Rufus Dyer was a chairmaker and turner in Cranston, Rhode Island. 

178 Guide to the Wiiitertliiir Libraty 

Manuscript documents Dyer's chairmaking and turning. Farm accounts 

and some family records are also included. 

Original at the library of the Rhode Island Historical Society, which retains 

publication rights. 

Microfilm M2858.2. 

673. E. Butterick and Company. 
Fashion illustrations. 1870-75. 
11 items: ill. (some col.) 

Founded by Ebenezer Butterick in 1867, the firm that bears his name pro- 
duced standardized paper patterns for clothing. The company grew to in- 
clude several outposts in Europe by the mid-1870s. It reorganized in 1881 
and was then called the Butterick Publishing Company. 
Collection includes fashion plates showing men, women, and children 
wearing clothing presumably made from Butterick's patterns. Summer and 
winter attire are both featured. Also included is a thirty-five-page sketch- 
book containing pencil drawings of garments for which Butterick made 

Trade catalogues for the firm are located in the Printed Book and Periodical 
Collection, Winterthur Library. 
Collection 172. 

674. E. Kahn & Co., Ltd. 

Classical designs of English furniture. 1913. 
82 leaves: ill.; 29 cm. 

E. Kahn & Co., Ltd. had offices in London and addressed an eight-page 
price list accompanying these depictions to Messrs. Joseph G. Darlington & 
Co., Philadelphia. 

Volume contains seventy-four photographs of tables, chairs, and case furni- 
ture. Styles featured are Queen Anne, Jacobean, Chippendale, Tudor, and 
William and Mary. Descriptive text and dimensions of furniture are printed 
on the backs of the photos. 
Document 25. 

675. Eagle Lace Paper Collar Co. 
Paper collars. Ca. 1866. 

1 item. 

The Eagle Lace Paper Collar Co. manufactured paper collars during the 

1860s. It received a patent for ladies collars in 1866. 

Item includes three ladies lace paper collars, each with a different pattern, 

that were sold with others as a set of ten. 

Document 694. 

676. Fames, Francis Joseph. 
Daybook. 1840-46, 1857. 
156 p.; 20 cm. 

Downs Collection and Archives 179 

Francis Joseph Eames, probably from New England, repaired and made 
parts for carriages. 

Manuscript records Eames's activities working on carriages, notes his pur- 
chases of domestic goods, and mentions family births and marriages. 
Document 329. 

677. Earl, Thomas, 1704-51. 
Exercise book. Ca. 1727. 

183 p.: ill. (some col.); 34 cm. 

Thomas Earl was born in Little Compton, Rhode Island. By 1727 he had 
become a schoolmaster in southwestern New Jersey. He married Judith 
Bostido in Freehold, New Jersey, in 1736. 

Manuscript is a schoolmaster's book for the study of algebra, geometry, 
trigonometry, navigation, mapping, and astronomy. The mathematical exer- 
cises draw upon standard published works of the early eighteenth century. 
Much of the text is done in calligraphy, with headings in a decorative 
scroll. There are six watercolors in the book. 
Document 735. 

678. Eastabrook, Calvin. 
Exercise book. 1764-66. 
1 vol.: ill.; 33 cm. 

Includes drills in mathematics along with a few writing exercises. There are 
three amateurish drawings of ships. 
Document 887. 

679. Easton and Thompson. 
Daybook. 1847-54. 
252 p.; 33 cm. 

Edward F. Easton and James Thompson were carpenters in Nantucket, 
Massachusetts. Easton died in 1875. Thompson died in 1870. 
Entries in the daybook reflect such building activities as constructing 
fences, installing locks, building houses, setting windows, etc. The partners 
did work for individuals as well as for public institutions, including the lo- 
cal Athenaeum, the Unitarian Church, the Nantucket Fire Department, and 
the United States government. Individual entries often record needed 
quantities of nails, planking, carting, and labor. 
Name, object, and occupation indexes available. 
Folio 39. 

680. Eckman, John. 
Exercise book. 1804. 
200 p.: col. ill.; 31 cm. 

John Eckman lived in Lampeter, Pennsylvania, and was a student when he 
compiled this volume. 


Guitic Ici the Winterlhur Library 

Entry 680. John Eckman, a resident of Lampeter, Pennsylvania, was a student when 
he kept his "Exercise Book." He added kister to its pages by including colorful 
Fraktur-like drawings. 1804. (2 illustrations) 

Downs Collectio)! and Archives 


Entry 680. Continued. 

182 Guide to the Wiiitcrtluir Library 

Exercise book includes mathematical problems and features three full-page 
drawings and other smaller watercolor sketches. Drawings depict flowers, 
birds, decorative letters, ornamental designs, and a man seated with smoke 
billowing from his pipe. Artwork resembles the kind associated with Penn- 
sylvania German Fraktur. 
Document 425. 

681. Edgar, William. 
Ledger. 1765-79. 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

William Edgar appears to have been a merchant in northern New Jersey, 
possibly from Rahway. 

Edgar sold a variety of products, including food and drink, paper, tobacco, 
and so forth. In return, he received cash and such goods as shingles, 
leather britches, nut wood, etc. Mention is made of schooling his children, 
paying people for their labor, and paying freight charges. 
Name index in front of volume. 
Document 945. 

682. Edward J. Boyle & Co. 
Catalogue. Ca. 1870s. 

Edward J. Boyle & Co. was located in Wenham and then South George- 
town, Massachusetts. 

Consists of photographs of pages showing paintings on glass, apparently 
for clock faces. Ships, patriotic scenes, buildings, and people are all de- 
Document 968. 

683. Edwards, Emma H. 
Scrapbooks. Ca. 1820-80. 

2 vols.: ill.; 42 cm. 

Emma H. Edwards, a Philadelphian, compiled these scrapbooks in which 
she often commemorated sites within her hometown. She included views 
of buildings, houses, and churches; portraits and biographical sketches of 
famous Americans; articles on the Society of Friends and Martin Luther; 
poetry by John Greenleaf Whittier; and manuscripts from the Morris fam- 
ily, presumably collected for their autographs. 
Folio 255. 

684. Edwards, John. 

Flowers drawn after nature and disposed in an ornamental and pictur- 
esque fashion. Ca. 1787. 
1 microfilm reel. 

John Edwards, an Englishman, was a little-known painter of flowers who 
seems to have been most active from 1768 to 1795. 
Manuscript includes depictions of ornamental flowers. 

Doivus Collection and Anliives 183 

Index to illustrations available. 

Original item owned by the Pierpont Morgan Library. 

Microfilm M927. 

685. Edwards, Joseph. 
Account book. 1786-97. 
186 p.; 32 cm. 

Joseph Edwards was a clothier and dyer from Sturbridge, Massachusetts. 
Manuscript refers to Edwards's professional concerns, including pressing 
cloth, dyeing fabric, stretching cloth, fulling blankets, etc. The volume 
notes the geographical area of Edwards's customers, and because some of 
their payments were in the form of goods and services, their occupations 
are identified. 
Document 500. 

686. Edwards, Parke, 1892-1975. 
Collection. 1906-65. 

18 boxes: ill. (some col.) 

Parke Edwards was an artist who trained at the Pennsylvania Museum 
School of Industrial Art. He had earlier enrolled in a mail-order course in 
show-card writing and sign painting with the International Correspon- 
dence School. Edwards interrupted his education to serve in the Army Sig- 
nal Corps during World War I. After the war, he returned to the Pennsylva- 
nia Museum School and eventually set up its metalwork shop. Edwards's 
major work was at the Swedenborgian Cathedral in Bryn Athyn, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he made and installed the church's metalwork. 
Collection consists of artwork on paper in pencil, ink, wash, watercolor, 
and colored pencil. Most are arts and crafts designs of metal objects and 
architectural elements, including doors, windows, grills, furniture hard- 
ware, switchplates, latches, locks, and lighting devices. Some were 
sketched during field trips in the United States and Europe. Other works 
include figure studies that Edwards executed as a student. Collection also 
includes a few metal artifacts, a ceramic vase, clippings, and a few letters. 
Folder title listing available. 
Collection 99; Microfilm M3010-M3012. 

687. Eights, James, 1798-1882. 

Photoprints of views of Albany, N.Y., ca. 1805-14. Ca. 1920-40. 

7 photoprints: ill.; 28 x 36 cm. 

James Eights was a topographical and scientific draftsman from Albany, 

New York. He is best known for his watercolor depictions of his hometown 

as it looked during the first decade of the nineteenth century. Many of his 

watercolors were published as lithographs at midcentury. 

Photos are of Albany and include Fort Fredrick, the west side of Pearl 

Street, the west side of North Pearl Street, and the Jacob Vanderheyden 


Collection 407. 

184 Gtiitle to the Wiiitertbtir Library 

688. Eldredge, Elijah. 

Elijah Eldredge's book of receipts for painting & staining wood: also re- 
ceipts for disease and minutes of work, etc. Ca. 1820s. 
40 p.; 17 cm. 

A resident of Willington, probably in Connecticut, Elijah Eldredge recorded 
directions for mixing paint, staining wood, preparing oil for painting, and 
varnishing. There are also specifications for making a wagon and a bureau. 
Document 766. 

689. Elfreth's Alley Association. 
Scrapbook. 1932-65. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Members of Elfreth's Alley Association lived on that street in Philadelphia. 
They banded together to preserve the architectural heritage and integrity of 
their area. 

Scrapbook contains many items about the alley and includes newspaper 
clippings, photographs, articles, advertisements, and some genealogical in- 
formation pertaining to the residents of the alley. 
Original scrapbook belonged to the association at time of filming. 
Microfilm 883. 

690. Elkins, J. Lou. 

Notebook. 1858, 1863. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

J. Lou Elkins attended medical lectures in Hanover, Massachusetts, and 
some time later served as superintendent of schools in New Market, New 

Manuscript contains notes that Elkins kept of lectures on medicine deliv- 
ered by professors Crosby and Phelps, formulas for various medicines, and 
a letter regarding the hiring of an elementary school teacher. 
Document 409. 

691. Elkins, Joseph. 

Account book. 1828-58. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Joseph Elkins lived in New Market, New Hampshire. A bricklayer, he also 
performed maintenance work on houses and shops and in later years in- 
stalled stoves. 

Manuscript records the activities of a bricklayer who built and repaired 
chimneys, laid walkways, helped in the construction of buildings, etc. Elk- 
ins also listed the supplies he needed to do his work. Interspersed are 
farming accounts. 
Document 408. 

Doums Collection and Archives 185 

692. Elliot family. 
Bills. 1871-75. 
125 items: ill. 

William H. Elliot had three children: Julian, Rebecca, and Richard. The 
family was somehow associated with the Morristown, New Jersey, area. 
Collection includes bills associated with Elliot's three children. Items pur- 
chased included a variety of clothing from New York City stores and 
school supplies. Elliot also paid their tuition, room, and board while they 
were away at school. 
Collection 253. 

693. Ellis, Blanche M. 
Diary 1890-91. 

1 vol.; 13 cm. 

Blanche Ellis taught school, probably in Ohio. 

Manuscript records the daily activities in Ellis's life: visiting friends, writ- 
ing letters, sewing, washing, attending church services, reading, baking, 
and having dresses fitted. Some mention is made of her teaching. There is 
just one entry for 1891. 
Document 620. 

694. Ellsworth lamp collection. Ca. 1930. 

2 vols.; 23 cm. 

Lamp collection was created during the early years of the twentieth cen- 
tury and exhibited in four cases in an unnamed location at an unrecorded 

Volumes, consisting of a total of nineteen pages, provide an overview of 
developments in artificial lighting from the 1700s to 1850 (excerpted from 
Colonial Lighting, by Arthur H. Hayward [Boston: Little, Brown, 1927]) and 
describe the lamps as they were originally displayed within cases. 
Document 243. 

695. Ely, Joseph. 
Designs. 1817. 

1 vol.: ill.; 20 x 25 cm. 
Joseph Ely lived in Bristol, Connecticut. 

Small volume contains poetry, an acrostic, and epitaphs within decorative 
circular borders drawn in pen and ink. The covers feature pen-and-ink de- 
Document 804. 

696. Elzea, Betty 
Research notes. 1957-71. 

3 cu. ft. 

186 Guide to the Wintertltur Librnry 

Betty Elzea was a research assistant at the Victoria and Albert Museum in 
London. She worked with Hugh Wakefield, keeper of the Circulation De- 
partment, as he conducted research on Victorian glass. 
Collection includes offprints, handwritten notes, clippings, photocopies, 
and photographs relating to glassware, ceramics, and other decorative arts 
objects from several European countries and the United States, dating from 
the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries. Especially noteworthy are two 
scrapbooks covering the production of glassware from 1800 to 1930 in 
Great Britain, France, Czechoslovakia, and Germany. 
Collection 364. 

697. Embroidery designs. Ca. 1820-50. 
2 sheets. 

Consists of fourteen patterns, probably for white work (white embroidery 
on white fabric). Embroidery was to be done on shirts and sleeves, a child's 
skirt, a robe, an infant's blanket, a collar, etc. Floral patterns and geometri- 
cal shapes predominate. 
Document 695. 

698. Embroidery designs. Ca. 1820-70. 
12 items: ill. 

Consists of twelve original designs for white work (white embroidery on 
white fabric) that could have been executed on handkerchiefs, dresses, 
vests, slippers, etc. Most designs appear to be English in origin. One design 
appears to be French. 
Collection 144. 

699. Embroidery designs. Ca. 1825-29. 

I vol.: ill.; 28 x 22 cm. 

This volume contains approximately 150 hand-drawn ink and pencil pat- 
terns for white work (white embroidery on white fabric). Included is a va- 
riety of floral and geometric designs, sometimes used in the same drawing. 
The sizes and shapes of the patterns indicate how they would have been 
used: for pouches, handkerchiefs, collars, slippers, etc. Also included are 
two pieces of fabric on which white work was printed. 
Paper bears the watermark of a Kent, England, papermaking firm, J. Green 
& Son, and is dated 1825. 
Document 287. 

700. Embroidery pattern book. Ca. 1800-1850. 

II leaves: ill.; 23 cm. 

Manuscript contains patterns for Ayreshire white work (white embroidery 
on white fabric) embroidery used primarily for decorating infants' clothing 
and caps. The patterns feature leaves, flowers, acorns, and berries. A pat- 
tern for a cap is laid in. 
Document 1006. 

DozL'iis Cnllectioii and Archwes 187 

701. Embroidery pattern book. Ca. 1821-68. 
55 leaves; 23 cm. 

Includes more than one hundred embroidery designs in ink and wash. 
Many were to be used as borders for fabrics. A few of the designs are la- 
beled as lace, veil, and done. Paper is watermarked 1821. Book contains a 
clipping from an 1868 Wedmore, England, newspaper, suggesting its ori- 
Document 435. 

702. Embroidery patterns. After 1819. 
60 p.: ill.; 41 x 33 cm. 

Patterns for decorating collars, cuffs, sleeves, underwear, dress borders, 
bonnets, lapels, slippers, and baby clothes. Many are for white work (white 
embroidery on white fabric) on cotton mull and were done in pen, pencil, 
and gray wash. Paper is watermarked 1819. 
Folio 162. 

703. Emerson, Solomon. 

Account books. 180S-20, bulk 1836-40. 
3 vols.; 21 cm. or smaller. 

Solomon Emerson made and repaired shoes in Barnstead, New Hampshire, 
and helped to operate the family farm. 

Records both debits and credits related to Emerson's activities as a shoe- 
maker, bootmender, leathersmith, and farmer. 
Document 284. 

704. Emery, Nettie Maria. 
Pricking patterns. Ca. 1900-1920. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

A bookplate of Nettie Maria Emery is pasted into the volume. 

Patterns were most likely created to mark fabric for embroidery work. The 

majority of the patterns are geometric shapes, and three feature scenes with 

children playing. 

Document 529. 

705. English artists' autographs. 1802-96. 
65 items: ill. 

Collection includes signatures of lesser-known English artists. Most of the 
items in the collection are letters, but there are also envelopes, scraps, car- 
tes de visite, sketches, and engravings. Items were apparently mounted in 
a scrapbook at one time. 
Collection 492. 

706. English lottery advertisements. 1803-26. 
40 items. 

188 Guide to the Wiittertlitir Library 

Collection includes handbills and slip-ballads of London lottery-ticket sell- 
ers. Most contain numerous woodcut illustrations and/or verse. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 100. 

707. Engraver's plates. Ca. 1880-1900. 
11 items. 

Consists of eight copper plates used for printing calling cards and three 
cards printed from the plates. The engravers — ^John H. Kirk, Jacob Hyatt, 
Hyatt & Cornell, and Macys — were all based in New York City. 
Document 332. 

708. Engravings. Ca. 1830s. 
1 vol.; 28 cm. 

Among the engravings in this volume are proof impressions for TIte Token: 
A Oiristiuas and New Year's Present, published by Carter & Hendee of Bos- 
ton in 1830. Children and young adults are depicted in a number of activi- 
ties. The original artists and painting titles are written on the backs of the 
engravings. Other engravings seem to be European in origin and depict in- 
teriors of churches, castles, and other buildings. 
Document 911. 

709. Engravings of British and French fashions. Ca. 1740-95. 
177 items. 

Collection contains scrapbook pages of engravings of late eighteenth- 
century British and French fashions. Clothing worn by maids, footmen, 
peddlers, sailors, prisoners, and clerics are depicted. Also shown are acces- 
sories, such as hats, gloves, and parasols. There are illustrations of hair- 
styles and wigs as well. Also included are advertisements and newspaper 
articles on fashion, head gear, trials, and executions. Watch papers and 
original sketches are also included. 
Collection 463. 

710. Ensminger, Samuel, Jr. 
ABC book. 1824. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 21 cm. 

Samuel Ensminger Jr. of Pennsylvania wrote letters of the alphabet in vari- 
ous styles in his ABC book. The volume features illuminated upper- and 
lowercase letters, one to a page. Ensminger used gold and red shading. The 
final page contains a paragraph on the importance of handwriting to gen- 
tlemen and ladies. 
Document 706. 

711. Envelopes. Ca. 1860-1900. 
1 box: ill. (some col.) 

Doiims Collection and Archives 189 

This miscellaneous (and still open) collection consists of approximately 
four hundred illustrated envelopes, most from the Civil War era. Many of 
the illustrations are cartoons and caricatures conveying an anti-Confederate 
point of view. Others show flags, seals of various states, and allegorical fig- 
ures representing patriotic ideas of liberty and union. A few depict women 
or African Americans. Among the lithographic firms represented are Ma- 
gee, S. C. Upham, D. Murphy's Son, and Brown & Ryan. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 333. 

712. Ephrata Cloister. 
Hymnals. Ca. 1747-1850. 

8 vols.: ill. (some col.); 34 cm. or smaller. 

The Ephrata Cloister, located near Lancaster, Pennsylvania, was a religious 
community of German Seventh-Day Baptists founded by Johann Conrad 
Beissel in 1728. Under his guidance Ephrata became known for its mystical 
music and manuscript illuminations. Sisters Anastasia and Iphigenia were 
the cloister's most prolific writers. The artists who produced the illumina- 
tions are not known. Three major collections of hymns were produced at 
Ephrata: Zionitischer Weyrauch's Hiigel, Turtel Taube, and Paradisisches 

Hymnals in the collection include manuscript notations of melodies and 
examples of Fraktur art. Texts are in German. 

Four of the volumes include printed registers; two include handwritten 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 318. 

713. Erwin, Samuel. 
Daybook. 1831. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

Samuel Erwin was the proprietor of a general store in Erwin, New York, 

that stocked dry goods, housewares, and hardware. 

Manuscript offers a look at Erwin's daily business dealings from July to 

October 1831. 

Folio 119. 

714. Essay. Ca. 1850s. 
30 p.; 32 cm. 

This manuscript, compiled by an unidentified gentleman, records many as- 
pects of nineteenth-century middle- and upper-class manners and customs. 
The writer compares what he calls the New England style of life with 
southern customs, describes philosophies of education, comments on fash- 
ion, writes about religion and worship, reviews such professions as law 
and medicine, and criticizes literary figures for their poor writing skills. 
Document 1009. 

190 Giiiiii' to the Wintrrtliiir library 

715. Estate inventories of New York City and New York State. Ca. 1620-1790. 
4 microfilm reels. 

Reels include estate records and an index to Chancery Court records. 

Summary of contents available. 

Original records located at Queens College. 

Microfilm M1580-M1583. 

716. Esterbrook Steel Pen Mfg. Co. 
Sample book. Ca. 1900-1930. 

The Esterbrook Steel Pen Mfg. Co. located its headquarters in New York 

City and its works in Camden, New Jersey. 

Consists of thirty steel pen points that are representative examples of the 

firm's products. A stock number appears on each one. 

Document 653. 

717. Esty, Joseph. 

Personal account book. 1864-73. 

238 p.; 15 cm. 

Joseph Esty lived in Ithaca, New York. 

Consists of nearly daily notes of money spent over a ten-year period. Each 

year's expenses are totaled. Expenditures included money paid for food, 

house repairs, church contributions, painting supplies, reading materials, 

travel expenses, taxes, insurance, clock repair, medicine, coal, haircuts, etc. 

Folio 119. 

718. Evans, David. 
Account book. 1774-1812. 

1 microfilm reel. 

David Evans was apparently engaged in retailing in Philadelphia. 
Accounts mention furniture, coffins, Venetian blinds, and hardware. James 
Gillingham (1731-81) was a frequent customer. 
Original material located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Microfilm M305. 

719. Evans, Jonathan. 

Financial documents. 1872-91. 

2 boxes. 

Jonathan Evans lived in Germantown, Pennsylvania, now a part of Phila- 
delphia. He seems to have worked for a plumbing supply company called 
Cooper, Jones & Cadbury. He was active in the Friends Library in German- 

Collection contains bills and receipts, primarily for work done on houses 
owned by Evans; tax and water bills; check stubs; and bank books. House 
work included making interior repairs, glazing, washing ceilings and walls. 

Doiviis Collection and Archives 191 

installing a tin roof, hanging wallpaper, installing a new boiler, etc. Other 
collection pieces record personal expenses. 
Collection 339. 

720. Evans, Philip. 
Recipe book. 1 793. 
1 vol.; 17 cm. 

Consists of both handwritten and clipped recipes for breads, puddings, bis- 
cuits, and cakes as well as remedies for such maladies as gout, coughs, 
rheumatism, and burns. 
Document 245. 

721. Evers, John, 1797-1884. 
Notebook. 1848-53. 

1 vol.; 13 cm. 

John Evers was a miniature, landscape, and theatrical scene painter. Born 
on Long Island, New York, he began his career around 1816, when he first 
exhibited architectural drawings at the American Academy. By 1819 he was 
studying scene painting with John J. Holland at the Park Theater in New 
York City, a house that he would be associated with until 1839. During the 
1840s and 1850s, Evers was an active panorama painter in New York. He 
was a founder of and exhibitor at the National Academy. 
Evers used this notebook to record instructions, recipes, and artistic tech- 
niques as well as costs for painting murals and other scenes. He noted the 
people he worked for as well as what he charged them. 
Collection 331 . 

722. Everts, Charles. 
Recipe book. 1870-82. 
120 p.; 19 cm. 

This book may have been maintained by Charles Everts of Erie, Pennsylva- 

Contains instructions for such things as maintaining metals, preparing 
cleaning compounds and inks, treating fabrics, and concocting herbal rem- 
edies. Recipes are in both manuscript and printed form. 
Document 964. 

723. Ewan, N. R. 

Early houses of Burlington County, New Jersey. 1932-39. 
221 p.: ill.; 17x26 cm. 

N. R. Ewan was from Moorestown, New Jersey. 

Volume contains 110 black and white mounted photographs. In 1939 Ewan 
wrote that "these photos taken in 1932 and 1933 are illustrations of build- 
ings erected before 1800; with one or two exceptions they are concerned 
with dwelling houses." Textual information includes construction dates of 

192 Guide to the Winlcrlhtir Library 

the buildings, names of original owners, notes on stories associated with 
the homes, and condition of the houses at the time of photography. 
Document 127. 

724. Exchequer port books for Bristol. 1740-58. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Entries record cargoes exported from Bristol, England, to various ports. 
Lists include many kinds of home furnishings as well as other commodi- 

Summary of contents available. 
Original records at the Public Record Office, London. 
Microfilm M266. 

725. Exercise book. Ca. 1800-1809. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Contains poetry, "On Humanity," and an essay, "Tis Education that Forms 
the Female Mind." Cover illustration is called "Watering Place." Paper 
bears a watermark dated to the first decade of the nineteenth century. 
Document 404. 

726. Exercise book. 1818. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Consists of notes, examples, and problems regarding various mathematical 
processes. Two watercolor drawings of Orange County, New York, proper- 
ties and a list of people enrolled in the class for which the book was used 
are also included. 
Document 37. 

727. Exercise book. Ca. 1823. 
21 leaves; 34 cm. 

Elijah Burbank, the stationer whose name appears on this item, was from 
Worcester, Massachusetts, suggesting that the unnamed compiler of the ex- 
ercise book may have resided in the vicinity of that city. 
Book contains notes, examples, and exercises for addition, multiplication, 
and division. The section marked "Compound Addition" includes word 
problems to teach calculations for weights and measures, time, dates, and 
Document 1053. 

728. Exercise book. 1824. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

The Jonestown, Pennsylvania, resident who kept this volume recorded 
rules for computations with decimals, square roots, cube roots, and arith- 
metical progression as well as some word problems. 
Document 614. 

Dmviis CoUectioti and Archives 193 

729. Exercise book. 1839-60. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

This fragment of an exercise book contains math problems, handwriting 
exercises, and exercises for conjugating German verbs. Also featured are 
pinpricked designs that may have been used as templates for embroidery. 
Document 696. 

730. F. Heppenheimer's Sons. 

Sample book of cigar box labels. Ca. 1880-1900. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 23 cm. 

Frederick Heppenheimer was a lithographer active in New York City from 
1851 to 1876. From 1872 to 1876, he and Louis Maurer were the proprietors 
of the firm of Heppenheimer & Maurer. After Frederick's death, his sons 
continued the business. It was located on the comer of Pearl and William 

This volume, which contains about two hundred pages and 271 prints, was 
a salesman's sample book of chromolithographed cigar box labels and cigar 
bands. Each carries a stock number, and illustrations depict women, men in 
military costume, railway stations, ships, barrooms, etc. The sample book is 
contained within a wooden cigar box with a metal handle. Embossed on it 
is "No. 411." 
Folio 302. 

731. F & L. C. Learned. 
Invoice book. 1823-32. 
134 p.; 31 cm. 

F. & L. C. Learned operated a textile store in New London, Connecticut, 
and purchased their merchandise from wholesalers in New York City. 
Manuscript contains long invoices that list a wide array of products pur- 
chased by the Learneds for retail sale. They attempted to keep up with the 
latest fashions and often remarked that they bought "new patterns." 
Document 311. 

732. F. A. Richter & Co. 

Richter's anchor blocks of stone in three colors: known as "stone building 
blocks." Ca. 1900. 

2 boxes of blocks: col. ill. + 3 books of models and 4 sheets of figures. 
F. A. Richter & Co. were importers from New York City. 

Blocks were advertised as "a great educational toy and pastime" and could 
be used to build such structures as castles, churches, bridges, forts, etc. Pa- 
per dolls printed on uncut sheets of paper are included in the set of blocks. 
Text on box and accompanying material written in English, German, Span- 
ish, and Italian. 
Collection 220. 

194 Guidi' to the Winterthur Library 

733. F. M. Holmes & Co. 

Catalog and scrapbook. Ca. 1870-90. 
94 p.: ill. (some col.); 33 cm. 

Boston-based F. M. Holmes & Co. manufactured furniture. 
Originally a catalogue from the Holmes company containing albumen 
prints, this volume was later used as a scrapbook. Depicted are various 
kinds of seating furniture, tables, beds, and bureaus. Scrapbook items in- 
clude colorful advertising ephemera, chromolithographs, calling cards, etc. 
Document 394. 

734. Failing family. 
Papers. 1808-77. 
65 items. 

Henry, Josiah, Mary, Polly, and Simeon Failing lived in Fort Plains and Co- 
najoharie. New York. Simeon served as the "admeasurer" of firewood, tim- 
ber, and lumber, as well as the pound keeper and tax collector of the two 

Collection contains various papers relating to the family: bills, receipts, ar- 
ticles of agreement, promissory notes, bonds, deeds, and letters. Articles of 
agreement concerned subcontract work for the Erie Canal. A patent assign- 
ment for a water elevator, granted to Simeon in 1867, is also included. 
Collection 486. 

735. Fairbanks, Noah. 
Papers. 1830-48. 
1 folder. 

Noah Fairbanks lived near Gardner, Massachusetts. 

Collection contains bills and receipts addressed to Fairbanks. Most relate to 
house construction and maintenance. One item, headed "Account of build- 
ing a house, 1837," notes expenses for constructing a chimney and a well, a 
door and windows, and for painting and plastering. Also included is an 
auction record for an unnamed estate. The majority of items sold from the 
estate were farm implements and hand tools. 
Collection 470. 

736. Fall River Foundry. 
Daybook. 1857-61. 
249 p.; 36 cm. 

Volume contains the daily record of expenses and receipts for a Fall River, 
Massachusetts, foundry. Items sold include stoves, ovens, parts, and acces- 
sories. Styles were Venetian, Vesta, Grecian, Freestone, Granite State, and 
Invincible. Methods of shipment and employee wages are mentioned. 
Document 161. 

737. Farber, Daniel, 1906-98. 
Photograph album. 1982. 

Dowtts Colk'clwn and Archives 195 

1 vol.: ill.; 58 cm. 

Daniel Farber was a professional photographer. 

Album contains eighty photos of an exhibition entitled "New England Be- 
gins: The Seventeenth Century," held at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 
in 1982. The exhibit was installed to survey New England culture and was 
divided into three sections: Migration and Settlement, Mentality and Envi- 
ronment, and Style. 
Folio 78. 

738. Farm advertising. 190? 
20 items: ill. 

Consists of seven coupons from the Pratt Food Company, offering books, 
charts, and a course on poultry-keeping through the mail; eleven enve- 
lopes, handbills, etc. advertising the Wilbur Stock Food Company and its 
promotional offer of a gold watch; and two items advertising a veterinary 
cabinet from the Wilbur company. 
Collection 126. 

739. Farm record book. 1802-22. 
41 p.; 21 cm. 

Manuscript contains records kept by an unidentified farmer from Kennett 
Square, Pennsylvania. Entries relate to livestock, the planting and harvest- 
ing of various crops, the sizes of local fields, and the cultivation of cherry, 
pear, and apple trees. Some varieties of the farmer's apples no longer exist. 
Document 1060. 

740. Farmers & Mechanics Company. 
Inventory of goods on hand. 1841-44. 
124 p.; 20 cm. 

The company was probably located in or near Boston. 
Contains an inventory of products on hand as of April 20, 1841, and debts 
owed as of July 1, 1844. Goods on hand included "English goods," hard- 
ware, medicines, iron and steel, crockery, glassware, and stoneware. Debts 
owed were mainly to individuals in Boston and Haverhill, Massachusetts. 
Document 51. 

741. Farmington, J. D. 
Sales book. 1871-72. 
360 p.; 33 cm. 

J. D. Farmington was a glass and pottery merchant in Hancock, Maine. 
Book includes 270 pages recording sales of glassware, pottery, and some 
metalware to local residents and other merchants. The remaining ninety 
pages record orders for books. It is unclear whether the books were ac- 
quired for later resale or were obtained to form the basis of a private li- 
brary. Inlaid items pertain to members of the Austin family. 
Folio 258. 

196 Guide to the Wiiilerllitn Library 

742. Farr, Willoughby. 
Papers. Ca. 1910-50. 

1 box: ill. (some col.); 26 cm. 

Willoughby Farr was an antiques dealer who specialized in American and 
European silver. He lived in Edgewater, New Jersey. 

Central to this group of papers are four volumes containing information on 
American silversmiths. Willoughby's father maintained the volume until 
1916, when he turned it over to his son. It and two other volumes contain 
the names of silversmiths along with their working locations, dates, and 
silver marks. The fourth volume is entitled "Some Information: Being a 
Short Account of Some American Silversmiths Not Mentioned in Any Pre- 
viously Published Work on the Subject." 
Index of names for fourth volume available. 
Collection 392. 

743. Farwell, Asa J. 
Letters. 1903-4. 
4 items: ill. 

Evidence suggests that Asa Farwell lived in Boston. 

These four letters, totaling 106 pages, together form a travel diary recount- 
ing Farwell's overland journey between Boston and Los Angeles. The let- 
ters are written on stationery that features pictures of noted sites along the 
way. Highlights of the trip included a visit to the Bronx Zoo, an excursion 
to Salt Beach near Salt Lake City, a festival in San Francisco's China Town, 
a trip to Catalina Island, a visit to an ostrich farm and orange grove near 
Pasadena, and a stop at the Mormon Tabernacle in Salt Lake City. On the 
way west, Farwell's train derailed due to a faulty trestle. 
Document 1087. 

744. Fashion cards. Ca. 1800-1820. 
60 items: col. ill. 

Includes hand-colored illustrations showing women's hairstyles and cloth- 
ing as well as jewelry and other accessories. The cards are probably En- 
glish. Each card is numbered. 
Collection 231. 

745. Fay, Ethan A. 
Ledger. 1834-49. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

Ethan Fay was a carriagemaker near Freehold, New Jersey. 

Fay records that he made and repaired carriages and sleighs, mended 

rakes, made coffins, worked metal, and painted signs. 

Name index at front of volume. 

Document 605. 

DoH'iis CoUectkvi and Archives 197 

746. Fay, S. C. 
Papers. 1866-71. 

1 lin. ft. 

S. C. Fay worked as an agent for A. L. Elliott & Co., J. Elliott & Son, and 
the Bay State Collar Co., all of which manufactured paper collars and cuffs. 
Includes bills, advertising ephemera, notices, business cards, correspon- 
dence, and other items related to the manufacture and distribution of pa- 
per collars and cuffs. Several sample collars and cuffs are included as well. 
Several items pertain to attempts by the Union Paper Collar Company to 
monopolize trade and the efforts of the Paper Collar Manufacturers Associ- 
ation to prevent this monopolization. 
Collection 269. 

747. Fearing, John. 

Account books. 1692-1737. 

2 vols.; 18 cm. or smaller. 

John Fearing was a weaver from Hingham, Massachusetts, whose family 

members were among the first settlers of the town. 

Fearing recorded that he wove "ozenbrigs," "crinceled stuff," "striped," 

"coverlids," "pilion cloths," and "checkkered" cloths. He often accepted 

goods as payment in lieu of currency. 

Name index at front of second volume. 

Document 654. 

748. Fearing, John. 
Account book. 1756-1803. 
1 vol.; 42 cm. 

John Fearing lived in Wareham, Massachusetts, where he may have been a 
justice of the peace. Town records show that a John Fearing was a select- 
man and member of the Committee of Correspondence, Inspection, and 
Safety during the American Revolution. 

Manuscript records a variety of activities and includes references to ship- 
building, carpentry, tailoring, plowing, hauling, and farming. 
Folio 216. 

749. Fellows, Lothrop. 
Music book. Ca. 1840-59. 
62 p.; 20 X 12 cm. 

Lothrop Fellows lived in Lockport, New York. 

Book contains thirty-two tunes with suggestions on how they should be 

played. Some are labeled as Welsh, Scottish, English, or Italian. 

Includes index of song titles. 

Document 401. 

750. Fentons Hall & Co. 
Daybook. 1846^7, 1859. 

198 Guide to the Wiiilertliin Libraiy 

1 vol.; 42 cm. 

Fentons Hall & Co. was a brickmaking firm from Bennington, Vermont. 
Daybook contains references to clay, bricks, plaster, earthenware, etc. The 
business seems to have been organized into a brick department and an 
earthenware department. The last two pages of the manuscript, dated 1859, 
record the sales of textiles and other dry goods by Henry F. Dewey. 
Folio 150. 

751. Ferguson, Hiram. 
Album. Ca. 1860-79. 
101 p.: ill.; 32 cm. 

Hiram Ferguson worked as a wood engraver beginning in 1855 in Albany, 
New York. 

Album contains approximately 375 proofs of wood engravings created by 
Ferguson. Among the items illustrated are buildings, both residential and 
commercial; agricultural implements, including reapers and mowers; a 
bookplate for the Schuyler family; Civil War battle scenes; named pleasure 
boats; stoves; scientific and natural history scenes; and the masthead of the 
Scmi-Weekli/ Saratoga. 
Document 200. 

752. Ferranti. 
Sketchbook. Ca. 1810-18. 

25 leaves: ill. (some col.); 49 x 33 cm. 
Ferranti was a designer. 

Volume includes twenty-six drawings and watercolors of ornate tables, me- 
dallions, designs for painted ceilings, and other decorative patterns, all in 
the rococo style. Some are numbered and dated. 
Folio 92. 

753. Ferris, Benjamin, 1780-1867. 

Exercise book and drawings. 1792-1845. 
14 items: ill. 

Benjamin Ferris was a watchmaker from Wilmington, Delaware. In addi- 
tion to his professional responsibilities, he pursued literary endeavors and 
participated in activities sponsored by the Society of Friends. Ferris was in- 
terested in the welfare of Indians and served in 1839 on a Quaker commis- 
sion to investigate the rights of the Senecas to lands in New York State. 
When Ferris was seventy-six, he was disabled by disease. 
Collection includes Ferris's workbook on business mathematics and thir- 
teen of his drawings. The majority of the drawings are of Delaware build- 
ings and were later published in Ferris's book. History of the Original Settle- 
ments on the Delaware, issued in 1846. 

Several silhouettes by Ferris are displayed at Winterthur Museum. Some of 
his writings are in the Printed Books and Periodicals Collection, Winterthur 

Dmims Collectum ami Archives 199 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 350. 

754. Person, John. 
Account book. 1848-50. 

1 vol.; 19 cm. 

John Person appears to have been a farmer, perhaps from the Bennington, 
New Hampshire, area. 

Book records accounts between Person and other individuals, referring to 
such agricultural products as chickens, pigs, eggs, milk, corn, and wheat. 
Blacksmithing is also mentioned. Originally the volume may have been in- 
tended for use as a school exercise book. 
Document 814. 

755. Pielding, Mantle, 1865-1941. 
Papers. 1902-38. 

6 boxes: ill. 

Mantle Pielding was an architect and expert in colonial painting. Pielding 

graduated from Germantown Academy, just outside of Philadelphia, and 

then studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He established 

his own firm in Philadelphia around 1886. Pielding began publishing in the 

field of art history in 1904. His best-known book. Dictionary of American 

Painters, SculpHors, and Engravers, was published in 1926. 

Collection consists primarily of Pielding's study notes on the works of 

Thomas Sully and the portraits of George Washington, letters from fellow 

art historian Lawrence Park on Gilbert Stuart paintings, letters from 

Thomas B. Clarke on Stuart's portraits of Washington, notes on American 

painting in general, and an annotated copy of one of Pielding's own works, 

Catalogue of Engraved YJork of David Edwin. 

Item-level finding aid and name index available. 

Collection 207. 

756. Pife, Jeremiah. 
Account books. 1810-70. 

2 vols.; 21 cm. 

Jeremiah Pife lived in Pembroke, New Hampshire. 
Manuscripts contain Jeremiah's accounts for making coffins, window 
frames, rakes, chairs, tables, etc. Accounts kept by William Pife are also in- 
cluded. Pife set windows, performed much day labor, and at one point 
"had worked 20 days for John Tenant on George Pochs Shop." 
Index of objects mentioned in volumes available. 
Document 80. 

757. Pifield, Maria M., 1835-? 
Diary 1857-62. 

2 vols.; 23 cm. 

200 Guide to the Wiulerthur Librnn/ 

Maria Fifield lived in Salisbury, New Hampshire. In 1854 she married John 
Fifield, and in 1860 they had a daughter. 

The diary records Maria's domestic and social activities as well as her pro- 
duction of hats for sale at a local store. Some entries, written in a hand 
other than Maria's, may have been recorded by her husband. 
Document 389. 

758. Filbert family. 
Diary. 1871. 

1 vol.; 13 cm. 

The Filbert family was from Pinegrove, Pennsylvania. Evidence suggests 
that they sold linen. 

Includes pages listing household expenses. Coal, corn, and linen are men- 
tioned frequently. Many pages contain mathematical calculations. 
Document 230. 

759. Filer, Philip. 

Account book. 1798-1838. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

Philip Filer was a furnituremaker in Rome, New York. 
Manuscript records the various kinds of furniture that Filer produced, in- 
cluding bookcases, chairs, clothes presses, desks, chests, beds, and cradles. 
He served as a carpenter and made small wooden products as well. Filer 
also included references to agricultural pursuits. 
Folio 167. 

760. Filley, Oliver. 
Exercise book. 1 772-74. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Volume includes arithmetic exercises involving money, measurements, and 
time. There are word problems illustrating the use of fractions, reduction, 
the rule of three, and square roots. 
Document 627. 

761. Finkle, Harrison. 
Account book. 1876-80. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Harrison Finkle worked as a stonecutter in Reidsville, New York. 
Account book includes both Finkle's business and household expenses. He 
recorded working on such things as chimney caps, steps, curbing, and 
crosswalks. He also noted agricultural pursuits as well. 
Document 864. 

762. Fin ley, Anthony. 

New American atlas. 1826. 

14 folded leaves: col. maps; 16 cm. 

Dounis Cnlh'Ction and Archives 201 

Anthony Finley was a publisher from Philadelphia. 

Includes fifteen hand-colored maps in their original red leather case. They 
were drawn by D. H. Vance and engraved by J. H. Young. Each map fea- 
tures a statistical profile of the area it depicts. 
Document 539. 

763. Finley, Frances A. 
Memorabilia. 1860-1961. 

8 items + 2 microfilm reels. 

Frances A. Finley was a resident of Odessa, Delaware, and the wife of 
James Archie Finley Sr. 

Includes a diary in which Finley kept a record of a trip from Pennsylvania 
to Iowa to visit relatives and friends; genealogical information on the Fin- 
leys and allied families; four scrapbooks containing photographs, invita- 
tions, newspaper clippings, advertisements, postcards, letters, maps, report 
cards, and other items relating to life in Odessa; and various pieces of 
ephemera associated with the Finley family. 
Original scrapbooks in private hands at time of filming. 
Collection 298; Microfilm M2652, M2697. 

764. Firebaugh, John. 
Account book. 1848-62. 
132 p.; 32 cm. 

John Firebaugh was a miller in Waynesborough, Virginia. 
Book records Firebaugh's accounts with his fellow Waynesborough resi- 
dents and includes references to such activities as plowing, blacksmithing, 
hauling, building fences, and thrashing. It also mentions such products as 
bushels of corn, textiles, scantling, shingles, and butter. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 395. 

765. Fisher, Daniel. 

Account book and journal. 1795-1805. 
2 vols.; 20 cm. or smaller. 

Daniel Fisher seems to have begun his working life as a bleacher in Coler- 
aine, Ireland (then a fabric-bleaching center). He came to the United States 
in 1797 for political reasons, settling first in Philadelphia and then in New 
York City. In New York he worked as a merchant until 1812, when his busi- 
ness failed. He then moved to Newburgh, New York. Fisher was an officer 
in the New York "Republican Greens" Rifle Battalion, a member of the 
Tammany Society, a book collector, and the author of A System of Military 
Tactics, published in 1805. 

Volumes relate to Fisher's mercantile career. Some pages record amounts 
owed to him; others record invoices for commodities that he shipped, in- 
cluding cocoa, potash, thread, and linens. In addition, there are accounts 

202 Guide to the Winlerlhur Library 

for what seem to be purchases made for the Fisher household. There is a 
short diary of a trip that Fisher took to Georgia and South CaroHna as well. 
Document 733. 

766. Fisher, Samuel Rowland. 
Travel journals. Ca. 1767-93. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Samuel Rowland Fisher was a Quaker and a resident of Pennsylvania. In 
1793 he traveled to Newport, Rhode Island, to marry Hannah Rodman. 
Manuscripts record Fisher's travels to England; to Charleston, South Caro- 
lina; through Pennsylvania to Winchester, Virginia; and to Newport, Rhode 
Island. He attended meetings of the Society of Friends in many of the 
places through which he traveled. Fisher also included notes on English 
manufacturers of textiles, glassware, and ceramics from whom he made 

Name index available. 

Original journals located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Microfilm M296. 

767. Fiske, Joseph Winn, ca. 1832-? 
Order books. 1870, 1872. 

2 vols.: ill.; 32 cm. 

Joseph Winn Fiske, a native of Chelmsford, Massachusetts, went to Austra- 
lia in 1853 to make and sell hardware and tools. After a stay of five years, 
he returned to America and started a business making metal products, 
eventually including umbrella stands, garden fixtures, settees, stable fit- 
tings, hitching posts, weathervanes, brackets, etc. In 1900 Fiske incorpo- 
rated his business into J. W. Fiske Iron Works. The firm remained in busi- 
ness into the late 1980s. 

Volumes record orders placed with Fiske between October and December 
of 1870 and May and August of 1872. The name of the customer, his or her 
address, and the product ordered were all noted. In some instances, prices 
and a sketch were added. 

Trade catalogues located in Printed Book and Periodical Collection, Winter- 
thur Library. 
Folio 90. 

768. Fiske family. 
Cookbook. Ca. 1810-90. 
1 vol.; 20 X 11 cm. 

This manuscript volume was used by several generations of people. The 
names of Abrahm and George Fiske appear, implying ownership by mem- 
bers of the Fiske family. They lived in Beverly, Massachusetts. 
Contains recipes for cakes, breads, puddings, pies, meat, fish, and pre- 
serves. Several pages feature rules for setting a table and for seating guests. 

Downs Collection ami Archives 203 

There are instructions for cleaning eating utensils, removing splinters, re- 
moving a tight ring from a finger, etc. 
Document 723; Microfilm M662. 

769. Fitch, Florence L. Hopper, 1876-1941. 
Papers. Ca. 1880s-1935. 

2 boxes + 1 vol.: ill. (some col.) 

Florence L. Hopper was born in 1876 and raised near Unionville, Ohio, on 
her family's farm, Elmwood. In 1897 she married Winchester Fitch and 
shortly thereafter moved to New York City. In 1915 the couple purchased 
and moved to a home called Hillbrook in Greenwich, Connecticut. They 
sold the property in 1933. 

Collection includes primarily historic photographs of Elmwood and Hill- 
brook. In addition, there are obituaries of family members, magazine clip- 
pings on Hillbrook, trade cards collected by Mrs. Fitch when she was a 
young girl, and material relating to her wedding reception. 
Collection 393. 

770. Fitch, Thomas. 

Letter books. 1702-11, 1723-33. 

2 microfilm reels. 

Thomas Fitch seems to have been an upholsterer in Boston. 

Letter books include business accounts, orders for goods, lists of priced 

merchandise, credit records, and other documentation of Fitch's work. 

Original of earlier letter book at the American Antiquarian Society; more 

recent manuscript at the Massachusetts Historical Society. 

Microfilm M1422-M1423. 

771. Fitzgerald, Katie. 
Autograph album. 1876-81. 
1 voL:col. ill.; 11 x 18 cm. 

Consists of signatures accompanied by poems and sayings by friends of 
Katie Fitzgerald, a Boston resident. One of the pages features a watercolor 
drawing of a hummingbird, and four chromolithographed scraps are glued 
into the album. 
Document 823. 

772. Fleischer, Friederick. 

Scraps in black and white for cutting out: series 1. Ca. 1870s. 

7 leaves: ill.; 23 cm. 

Friederick Fleischer was a publisher of black and white scraps during the 

1870s. He was from Leipzig, Germany. Joseph Myers & Co. of London 

marketed his products. 

Consists of forty-four silhouette cutouts, many of which are vignettes of 

people engaged in discussions and other activities. Among the scenes 

204 Guide to the \Nmiertlmr Library 

featured are children playing, men on horseback dueUng, boys on a seesaw, 
and a couple dancing. 
Collection 220. 

773. Fletcher, James H. 

Bills and receipts. 1827-59. 
83 items. 

James H. Fletcher was a tailor and clothier from Baltimore. 
Collection primarily documents Fletcher's personal expenditures for such 
household goods as brushes, buckets, brooms, hinges, parlor chairs, etc. He 
also noted purchases of hairpins, "Negro combs," "Negro kersey," whale- 
bone, ivory, fabric, and umbrellas. Several entries listing grain prices are in- 
cluded as well. 
Collection 487. 

774. Fletcher, Thomas, 1787-1866. 
Papers. 1815-67. 

62 items. 

Thomas Fletcher was born in Alstead, New Hampshire. By 1806 he was an 
apprentice to shopkeeper Joseph C. Dyer. His name first appears in a Bos- 
ton directory in 1809 as a jeweler working with silversmith Sidney Gardi- 
ner. In 1811 they moved their business to Philadelphia, where it flourished 
for some years. Gardiner died in 1827 while abroad. Fletcher then worked 
in partnership with Calvin W. Bennett until that business failed and they 
were forced to auction it in 1842. Fletcher continued to live in Philadelphia 
until 1850, when he moved to Delanco, New Jersey, where he spent the re- 
mainder of his life. 

Collection includes three letter books, loose letters, a ledger, eight drawings 
attributed to Fletcher & Bennett, and miscellaneous materials. Most of the 
manuscripts deal with the silversmithing business. The drawings depict 
lighting fixtures, and one of the volumes was used by Martha Fletcher, 
Thomas Fletcher's daughter, as a diary from January 1864 to June 1867. 
Finding aid and name index for the letter books available. 
Collection 278. 

775. Floral drawings. Ca. 1800s. 
61 items: ill. 

Includes pen-and-ink drawings (with some pencil shading) illustrating 
flowers and leaves. The drawings were probably used for designing textiles 
or wallpaper sometime during the nineteenth century. Some of the designs 
appear to have been used for borders. 
Folio 215. 

776. Folliot, George. 
Diary. 1765-66. 

1 microfilm reel. 

DoH'ns Collection and Archives 205 

George Folliot was a general merchant in New York City. 
Diary records Folliot's activities during a visit to England. He spoke with 
Lord Rockingham about British colonial politics, especially the tax on mo- 
lasses. He visited the Victualling Office to arrange for the shipment of hogs 
and oxen from London to New York and for the shipment of beer, bread, 
pork, and other goods from New York to London. Folliot also recorded 
personal expenses associated with travel, books purchased, and references 
to trips to Chester and Bristol. 

Original manuscript located at the Wigan Record Office, Manchester, En- 

Further discussed on page 180 in A Guide to Manuscripts Relating to America 
in Great Britain and Ireland, written by John Raimo and published in 1979. 
Microfilm M735. 

777. Foord, Elisha. 

Accounts and account book. 1758-74. 

18 items. 

Elisha Foord was a merchant in Marshfield, Massachusetts. He may have 

been involved in the shipping industry as well. 

The account book, dating from 1758 to 1766, and miscellaneous receipts, 

bills, and accounts document Foord's purchases and sales of such goods as 

textiles, sewing supplies, earthenware, handkerchiefs, and lace. 

Document 525. 

778. Foote, Lucinda, 1799-? 

A Common place book containing variety: written in haste without pre- 
meditation. 1832-35, 1846, 1876. 
112 p.; 20 cm. 

Foote was a native of Cornwall, Vermont. She was a matron at the Auburn 
Prison, Auburn, New York, for more than three years. Foote married Judge 
Henry Day of Indiana in 1846. 

In this diary, Foote describes her experiences as a matron at the Auburn 
Prison. She wrote about her wish to "save them [the prisoners] from ruin," 
visits of foreign dignitaries, and the efforts of state officials to solicit her 
views regarding prison conditions. Also included are some Foote family 
genealogy and Lucinda's thoughts on her impending marriage. 
Document 246. 

779. Forbes, Harriette Merrifield, 1856-1951. 

Glass plate negatives of New England gravestones. 1925-39. 

10 items: ill. 

Harriette Merrifield Forbes was an author, historian, and photographer. 

She wrote Gravestones of Early Neiv England and the Men Wlio Made Them, 

published in 1927. 

The ten negatives show Massachusetts and Vermont gravestones dating 

from 1689 to 1784. 

206 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Library 

Negatives of Forbes's entire collection of gravestones are at the American 
Antiquarian Society in Worcester, Massachusetts. 
Collection 183. 

780. Forbrush, Coolidge, d. 1832? 
Account book. 1808-20. 

1 vol.; 22 X 18 cm. 

Coolidge Forbrush resided in Westborough, Massachusetts. His estate was 
auctioned in March 1832. 

Manuscript relates to Forbrush's agricultural pursuits, including plowing, 
carting, haying, transporting logs to a sawmill, mending rakes, slaughter- 
ing hogs, etc. Many transactions were conducted with Ebenezer Maynard. 
See entry 780. 
Document 561. 

781. Forbrush, Joel. 
Account book. 1832-56. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Joel Forbrush resided in Westborough, Massachusetts. 
Volume opens with a list of goods auctioned from the estate of Coolidge 
Forbrush and accounts relating to the auction. The remainder of the manu- 
script details Forbrush's agricultural work. 
Document 562. 

782. Forman, Benno, 1930-82. 
Papers. 1970-82. 

52 boxes. 

Benno Forman was a scholar of the American decorative arts who special- 
ized in furniture of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. He 
served as a research fellow and teaching associate for the Winterthur Pro- 
gram in Early American Culture and was an adjunct assistant professor in 
the Art History Department at the University of Delaware. Among his 
many publications was American Seating Furniture, 1630-1730, issued post- 
humously in 1988. 

Papers consist of office correspondence and files relating to Forman's re- 
search projects. A large number of slides and photographs are included, 
many depicting items in the collection of Winterthur Museum. 
Folder title list available. 
Collection 72. 

783. Forney, David P 
Docket. 1893. 

1 microfilm reel. 

David P. Forney was a justice of the peace in Conewago Township, Penn- 

Dmi'us Calkctkm and Archwes 207 

Most of the volume concerns cases heard by Forney. He mentions issuing 
such documents as summonses, warrants, marriage licenses, and promis- 
sory notes. Volume also includes floor plans and elevations of the offices of 
the Board of Hanover. 
Index to names in the docket available. 

Original manuscript located at the Hanover, Pennsylvania, Public Library. 
Microfilm M2988. 

784. Forney, Peter, d. 1881. 
Papers. 1847-62. 

4 vols. + loose items: ill.; 15 cm. or smaller. 

Peter Forney was a cabinetmaker and furniture dealer in Annville, Penn- 
sylvania. In addition, he took part in community and church activities, 
married twice, and fathered eleven children. 

Collection materials— dating from 1847, 1858, 1861, and 1862— record For- 
ney's business activities and feature some sketches of the furniture he pre- 
sumably made. Also included are diaries that relate to Forney's business 
and personal life, his trade card, a broadside advertisement for the furni- 
ture he sold, and several other miscellaneous civic and family documents. 
Collection 199. 

785. Fortner, Franz Xaver, 1798-1877. 
Rococo mobel. 1837. 

Franz Xaver Fortner, a native of Munich, was a furnituremaker known for 
his insets of mother of pearl, precious metals, and ivory. From 1833 to 1844, 
Fortner supplied Duke Eugen Max von Leuchtenberg with furniture for his 
palace in St. Petersburg. 

Contains twenty-eight drawings of furniture in pencil, wash, and water- 
color. There are lithographs depicting Fortner's furniture, including chairs, 
tables, bureaus, couches, and a desk. Captions are in German. 
Document 428. 

786. Fosdick, James William, 1858-? 
Letters. 1899-1935. 

35 items. 

James William Fosdick was a mural painter. He was born in Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, in 1858 and studied art at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts 
School and the Julian Academy in Paris. His murals chiefly appear in 
churches. Fosdick is credited with introducing the practice of fire etching to 
America, and he served as secretary of the National Society of Mural 
Painters. He died sometime after 1934. 

Collection contains letters to Fosdick about painting techniques, exhibi- 
tions, and personal matters. Among the writers were John LaFarge, Frank 
W. Benson, Edwin Blashfield, and Chester Loomis. 
Collection 529. 

208 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Library 

787. Foss, Mary Ann. 
Music book. Ca. 1805-30. 
35 leaves; 24 cm. 

Mary Ann and Sarah Ann Foss lived in Cincinnati and /or Baltimore. They 
may have taken private music lessons. 

Volume primarily contains keyboard arrangements of common dance tunes 
of the period, including "Irish Washerwoman," "Fisher's Hornpipe," and 
"Hail to the Chief." In addition, there are waltzes, quick steps, rondos, and 
other generically titled pieces. The names Catherine Foss and Rosanah Foss 
also appear in the manuscript. 
Document 90. 

788. Fowler, Alice. 
Silhouettes. 1800s. 

1 item; 14 x 12 mm. 

Alice Fowler is said to have been a Quaker active in both abolition and 
missionary work. 

Two figures appearing on a single sheet are titled "Ann Shipley, My 
Mother's Aunt" and "H. Lythall, My Mother's Sister, My Aunt Hannah." 
The Shipley silhouette was cut in the middle of the sheet and has black pa- 
per pasted behind it. The Lythall silhouette was cut from white paper and 
sewn onto the same black paper, thereby obscuring part of Shipley's image. 
Document 59. 

789. Fox, George. 

The reward of merit: a new, moral, and entertaining game. 1801. 

1 sheet in slipcase: ill.; 38 x 69 cm. 

A game of thirty-seven spaces, each illustrated and labeled with a rhyming 

moral, such as "A Gardener: Plant what is good, root out what is bad, then 

you'll become a charming lad." 

Described and illustrated on pages 48 and 52 in the second edition of Table 

Games of Georgian ami Victorian Days, by F. R. B. Whitehouse, published by 

Priory Press in Hertfordshire, England, 1971. 

Document 60. 

790. Fox, George Townsend, 1810-86. 
American journals. 1831-68. 

1 microfilm reel. 

George Townsend Fox worked for the firm of G. Sands & Hodgson, gen- 
eral merchants of Liverpool, England. 

Journals describe four trips that Fox made to America in 1831-32, 1834, 
1841, and 1868. Fox recorded many of his social experiences and his obser- 
vations on American politics, slavery, poverty in Georgia, and society in 
Charleston, South Carolina, as well as a handful of entries related to his 
business dealings. 

Doums Collection and Archives 209 

Original manuscripts located in the South Tyneside Libraries, England. 
Further discussed on page 224 in A Guide to Manuscripts Relating to America 
in Great Britain and Ireland, written by John Raimo and published in 1979. 
Microfilm M736. 

791. Fox & Bristol. 
Account book. 1868-69. 
1 vol.; 36 cm. 

Walter Fox and John H. Bristol were merchants and operators of a saloon, 
most likely in Hartford, New York. 

Book notes transactions involving such items as cider, whiskey, wine, ci- 
gars, medicines, toiletries, etc. Also included are accounts for setting up a 
Document 882. 

792. Foyer, Rachel Darling. 

Sewing exercise book. Ca. 1880-1910. 
47 p.; 26 cm. 

Rachel Darling Foyer lived in Lakewood, Ohio. 

Volume contains twenty-three graded exercises in sewing and mending un- 
dertaken over the course of four grade levels of study. Each includes typed 
instructions, with the finished work attached to the facing page. Some exer- 
cises may have been for doll's clothes. 
Document 1081. 

793. Franc-Masons. Ca. 1830. 
1 item: col. ill. 

Peep show depicting scenes of French Freemasons meeting and interacting. 
Collection 220. 

794. Francis, John Wakefield, 1 789-1 861 . 

Old New York: or, reminiscences of the past sixty years . . . with a memoir 
of the author by Henry T. Tuckerman. 1865. 
6 vols.: ill. (some col.); 26 cm. 

John Wakefield Francis was a physician who co-founded the New York 
Academy of Medicine and served as its second president. He taught at 
Bellevue Hospital, wrote medical texts, edited professional journals, and 
engaged in civic affairs. 

Volumes constitute an extra-illustrated version of Wakefield's publication, 
extended to six volumes with the addition of manuscript letters and en- 
gravings. It was initially published as Neiv York during the Last Half Century: 
A Discourse in Cotmnemoration of the Fifty-third Anniversary of the Neiv York 
Historical Society. Added letters are from luminaries of the day, and engrav- 
ings show views of New York, local worthies, and historic American 
Folio 264. 

210 Guide to the Wiulertluir Librnry 

795. Francis and Relfe. 
Invoice book. 1759-61. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Tench Francis and John Relfe were merchants working in partnership in 

Manuscript includes references to food, clothing, copper objects, and tex- 
tiles. There are records referring to trade with firms in London and the 
West Indies. 

Original invoice book located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Microfilm M304. 

796. Frank M. Whiting & Co. 
Records. Ca. 1880-1920. 
5 boxes. 

The company manufactured silver objects in North Attleboro, Massachu- 

Includes about five hundred photographs in binders of items produced by 
Whiting, including bowls, goblets, plates, trophies, napkin rings, tea strain- 
ers, inkstands, and corkscrews. Some of the photos are printed and num- 
bered in catalogue format. Records also include pencil drawings of spoons 
and other silverware. 
Typed tables of contents available. 

Catalogues from Frank M. Whiting & Co. available in trade catalogue col- 
Collection 43. 

797. Franklin Mill. 
Daybook. 1893-1900, 1904. 
300 p.; 32 cm. 

The Franklin Mill produced paper in Chester County, Pennsylvania. 
Manuscript records types and quantities of paper purchased from the 
Franklin Mill by other companies, especially Garrett-Buchanan & Co. The 
volume also contains lists of the weights of stock paper and inventory lists 
kept from 1893 to 1900. 
Document 371. 

798. Free, Karl R., 1903-47. 
Sketchbooks. Ca. 1920-40. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Karl R. Free was one of many American artists who worked for the W.P.A. 

He also served as curator of prints at the Whitney Museum of American 


Sketches depict people, animals, and buildings. Most, if not all, were 

drawn while Free traveled in Europe. 

Original sketchbooks located at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. 

Microfilm M741. 

Dmims Collection and Archives 211 

799. Free, Lewis. 
Exercise book. 1841-60. 
48 p.; 32 cm. 

It is not known who Lewis Free was or where he lived. 
Manuscript contains mathematical exercises and word problems. Each sec- 
tion bears a title, and most are signed by Free. 
Document 289. 

800. Freeman, John Crosby. 
Papers. 1967-87. 

1 box. 

John Crosby Freeman served as executive director of the American Life 
Foundation, edited Victorian Homes, and published articles on various top- 
ics related to American furniture, Victoriana, and quilts. He graduated 
from the Winterthur Program in Early American Culture in 1964. 
Papers include letters written to Freeman relating to publishing and re- 
search activities. Many are from John Maass, an author and architectural 
historian, who wrote about his work for the American Life Foundation. 
Collection 152. 

801. Freeman, Wilberforce. 

United States common school writing book. 1850. 

1 vol.; 21 cm. 

A student from Massachusetts, Wilberforce Freeman used this book for his 
writing exercises. The front wrapper features an engraving of an eagle, and 
the back cover features an illustration of several farm buildings. 
Document 702. 

802. French, Gideon. 
Account books. 1784-1819. 
6 vols.; 40 cm. 

Gideon French was a tallow chandler in Boston and one of the youngest 
men who participated in the Boston Tea Party. 

Collection includes four daybooks and two ledgers that record French's 
production and sale of soap, candles, and rush and watch lights. One 
ledger contains an inventory of stock on hand from November 1784. The 
presence of different handwriting in the volumes suggests that French em- 
ployed several people. 
Collection 328. 

803. French peddler's catalogue. Ca. 1806-13. 

2 vols.: col. ill.; 41 cm. 

Includes watercolor drawings of more than 1,565 personal, household, 
and hardware items sold in France during the first two decades of the 
nineteenth century. The range of products is vast: gloves, tobacco boxes. 

212 ' Guide to the Winterthur Library 

watch fobs, scent bottles, pistols, spurs, footwear, lamps, brushes, minia- 
ture furniture, and both practical and sentimental garters. The volumes 
show something of the nature of decorative art objects associated with the 
middle class during the Napoleonic period. Both volumes are labeled "Le- 
beuf," a Parisian stationer, and bear the spine title "Echantillon." 
Folio 89. 

804. French stationery. 18407-60? 

1 box: ill.; 32 cm. 

Consists of a decorated note box containing French "papier velin" of very 
fine quality. Included are notepapers, various sizes of envelopes, paper 
seals, sealing wax, and a pen wiper. Paper includes samples in floral pat- 
terns (one translucent), polychromed, Florentine, and silver-and-gilt coated. 
Envelopes are gilt-ornamented or edged in deep blue along their flaps. 
Seals, in various colors, bear days of the week, floral designs, or initials. 
Document 83. 

805. Frescheville, Lady. 
Recipe book. 1669. 
177 p.; 36 cm. 

Includes recipes for cakes, sweetmeats, and other delicacies as well as 

recipes for perfumes, waters, salves, plasters, and "other excellent things." 

Several of the recipes bear names, suggesting that these people gave their 

recipes to Lady Frescheville. 

Index to recipes at front of manuscript. 

Folio 164. 

806. Freyer, George. 
Papers. 1879-90. 

2 folders. 

George Freyer was an antiques dealer from Philadelphia. 
Papers contain letters, bills, and auction catalogues. Most of the letters are 
Freyer's correspondence with other dealers. Items mentioned include 
silver-plated candelabras, trays, medals, cabinets, a Gilbert Stuart portrait 
of George Washington, a corner chair, and intaglio rings with stones. 
Collection 502. 

807. Friendship Fire Company. 

The Friendship Fire Company's book. 1763-68, 1791-1816. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

The Friendship Fire Company was established in 1763 in Lancaster, Penn- 
sylvania. It limited its membership to thirty individuals, each of whom had 
to furnish his own bucket, basket, and bag. The company's only elected of- 
ficial, a treasurer, was chosen each year. In 1791 the company reorganized 
and allowed itself thirty-five members. The Friendship Fire Company re- 

Dmctis Collection and Archives 213 

mained in existence until the 1880s, when Lancaster organized its own city 
fire department. 

Book includes articles of agreement, meeting minutes, lists of members, de- 
tails of duties, arrangements of stations, financial statements, etc. 
Document 692. 

808. Friz, Georg Friedrich. 
Architectural drawings. 1843-81. 
105 items: ill. (some col.) 

Georg Friedrich Friz was a German-born architect. Sometime between 1867 
and 1871, he immigrated to Reading, Pennsylvania, where he adopted the 
surname Fritz. 

Includes pen-and-ink and watercolor drawings of elevations, floor plans, 
and architectural details of a variety of private dwellings and public build- 
ings in rural Germany. There are several illustrations of structures located 
in Reading. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 247. 

809. Froelich, Jacob. 
Account book. 1816-21. 
1 vol.; 15 cm. 

Jacob Froelich was a whitewasher and plasterer from southeastern Pennsyl- 

Manuscript documents Froelich's whitewashing and plastering activities 
and notes costs associated with the materials needed to perform the labor. 
There are references to joinery. It is unclear whether the joinery was for 
Froelich's home or if he subcontracted the work for another purpose. There 
are a few records for the purchase of food as well. 
Document 305. 

810. Frost, Mary F 
Notebooks. 1833-34. 
3 vols.; 26 cm. 

Mary F. Frost attended the Brooklyn Collegiate Institute at the time she 

kept these volumes. 

Manuscripts contain poetry and essays on a number of subjects, including 

life, writing, botany, languages, and learning. 

Document 305. 

811. Fruitlands Museums Shaker manuscripts. 1770-1955, bulk 1791-1911. 
21 microfilm reels. 

Fruitlands Museums is located in Harvard, Massachusetts. Its collections 
focus on paintings, local history. Transcendentalism, and Shakerism. 
Collection contains Shaker covenants, laws, legal and land records, finan- 
cial records, essays, sermons, spiritual writings, and music. Manuscripts 

214 Guide to the Wiiitcrtltur Libraty 

are chiefly from the Harvard and Shirley, Massachusetts, Shaker communi- 

Finding aid available. 
ASC M174-M194. 

812. Fry & Gross. 
Bills. 1831-34. 
95 items. 

Fry & Gross probably ran a general store in Trappe, Pennsylvania. 
Bills document purchases made by the firm of Fry & Gross as well as by 
Jacob, Daniel, and Samuel Fry and Thomas Gross as individuals. Most bills 
are from businesses located in Trappe, Philadelphia, or Limerick, Pennsyl- 
vania. Items mentioned include tinware, liquor, candy, food, hardware, 
cowhide, and paints. 
Collection 482. 

813. Frye, Timothy H. 
Copybook. Ca. 1830. 
1 vol.; 17 X 21 cm. 

Consists of student handwriting exercises by Timothy H. Frye in a volume 
made by William Griswold, a stationer from Bennington, New Hampshire. 
The front cover shows an American eagle and an advertisement for Gris- 
wold's store. The back cover features several small advertisements, includ- 
ing one for a pen, and a multiplication table. 
Document 815. 

814. Fuller, Hezekiah. 
Account book. 1693-1803. 
1 vol.; 15 cm. 

Hezekiah Fuller was a weaver from Dedham, Massachusetts. 
Manuscript records Fuller's professional activities, including his spinning 
and weaving. The volume also documents his and others' agricultural pur- 
suits and mentions a variety of food products. 
Partial name index available. 
Document 547. 

815. Furbush, Julia. 

Pattern book of designs. 1800s. 
113 p.: ill.; 40 cm. 

Julia Furbush probably resided in upstate New York or Massachusetts dur- 
ing the mid nineteenth century. 

Volume includes manuscript patterns in pencil and ink used for embroider- 
ing purses as well as infant bibs, garments, shoes, and collars. Other larger 
patterns may have been for quilts. 
Spine title: Patterns, Julia Furbush. 
Folio 55. 

Dozens Collection and Archives 215 

816. Furniture designs. Ca. 1800-1820. 
28 items: col. ill. 

Collection of German watercolors and one pencil sketch of such household 
furnishings as looking glasses, cupboards, upholstered sofas, beds, chests 
of drawers, desks, and cradles. Some feature both side and front views and 
include dimensions. 
Document 740. 

817. Furniture designs. Ca. 1880. 

22 p.: ill. (some col.); 37 x 27 cm. 

Consists of pencil sketches and watercolor drawings of furniture available 

from an English source, including card tables, writing desks, various kinds 

of chairs, cheval screens, and couches. Each is numbered with annotations 

describing the wood used for the frame and fabrics for finishing. 

Folio 88. 

818. Furniture stencil collection. 18607-90? 
1 box: col. ill. 

Includes sketches, preliminary and working stencils, and finished full-color 
drawings for furniture decoration, probably by a Pennsylvania German ar- 
tisan from the York, Pennsylvania, area. 

Depictions clearly show steps from design through production and include 
flowers, fruit, birds, and other stylized motifs. J. F. W. Sleeder signed two 
of the finished drawings. 
Collection 5. 

819. Fussell, Solomon, d. 1762. 
Account book. 1738^9. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Solomon Fussell was a chairmaker from Philadelphia. At least one of his 

apprentices, William Savery, became a noted chairmaker and joiner in his 

own right. Sometime after 1750, Fussell left the chair business and became 

a merchant. 

Volume contains accounts arising from Fussell's chairmaking activities and 

also includes records of some property that he rented to tenants. 

Name index available. 

Original account book in the Stephen Collins Papers, Library of Congress. 

Microfilm M65. 

820. G. Bishop & Co. 

The engineer's shop and horizontal engine working model. 1870. 

1 sheet (uncut): ill. 

G. Bishop & Co. was located at 101 Houndsditch in London. 

This uncut and uncolored sheet contains the parts necessary to assemble 

an engineer's workplace. When cut out and put together, a chimney. 

216 Guide to the Wiiitertluir Library 

sandwheel, and two workmen are shown. The wheel was supposed to 
work with the addition of a half-pint of sand. 
Collection 220. 

821. G. G. Fendler & Co. 

German toy catalogue. Ca. 1818-40. 
135 folio plates: col. ill. 

G. G. Fendler & Co. was a manufacturing firm based in Nuremberg, Ger- 
many, and established by Georg Gottfried Fendler around 1773. After he 
died in or about 1798, his widow sold the business to Johann Christian 
Hertel and Carl Gottfried Reidner. G. G. Fender & Co. is known to have 
been in operation until 1887. The reason for the demise of the firm is un- 

Catalogue contains 135 color plates containing 604 images of a wide range 
of German-made playthings, including mechanical and other toys, dolls, 
board games, magic lanterns, miniature furniture, and panoramas of Paris 
and China. The paper's watermarks range in date from 1818 to 1839. 
German-language index to plates and an English translation available. 
Collection 311. 

822. Gaffield, Thomas. 
Catalogue of engravings. 1863. 
106 p.; 26 cm. 

Thomas Gaffield was a partner in a profitable window glass retailing firm, 
called Tuttle, Gaffield & Co., in Boston. He collected engravings and 
showed a keen interest in art history. He was a founding member of the 
Boston Art Club, established in 1862. 

Volume records Gaffield's collection of engravings, his thoughts on his col- 
lection, criticisms and remarks made by others on the engravings, and a list 
of members of the Boston Art Club. 
Document 231. 

823. Gaines, John, 1677-ca. 1750. 
Papers. 1707-1850. 

43 items: ill. 

John Gaines 11 and Thomas Gaines were father-and-son chairmakers and 
turners from Ipswich, Massachusetts. They were also father and brother to 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, chairmaker John Gaines III. 
Collection contains Gaines family letters, poems, tax notices, and deeds. 
Some letters pertain to legal matters and estate settlement, and others refer 
to personal topics. In addition, the collection contains an account book kept 
by John and Thomas Gaines from 1707 to 1762. The two made great chairs 
and low chairs as well as banister back, slat back, crown back, carved back, 
and children's table chairs. In addition, they repaired chairs, built bottom- 
ing, fixed hand tools and spinning wheels, farmed, sold produce, and 
transported people. Volume contains some family genealogy. 
Collection 409. 

Doums Collection ami Archwes 


824. Gallimore, William, 18077-91. 
Transfer prints. Ca. 1820-40, 1892. 
68 items; ill. 

William Gallimore was a designer and engraver. He mostly did work for 
Josiah Wedgwood, Enoch Wood, John Alcock, John Ridgeway, and other 
English (most Staffordshire-based) potters. Eventually Gallimore immi- 
grated to the United States and spent his last days in Trenton, New Jersey, 
at the home of his son. 

Collection consists of transfer prints and proofs from copper plates and 
original drawings from which the transfer print engravings were executed. 
Most of the engravings show pastoral scenes, floral and geometric designs, 
elaborate architecture, and exotic landscapes. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 216. 

825. Gandy, S. 

Notes on a voyage to China. 1839, 1850. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Consists of a buying guide for merchants dealing in the Far East export 

trade, including information on exchange rates. The volume was annotated 

Entry 824. A transfer print for decorating pottery from designer and en- 
graver William Gallimore. Ca. 1820-40. 

218 Guide lo the Wiitterlliur Library 

by William B. Williams, who served on the ship the Channing in 1850. 
Original manuscript located at the Rhode Island Historical Society. 
Microfilm M183. 

826. Gardner, Eugene D., 1861-1937. 
Engravings. Ca. 1880s. 
1 vol.: ill.; 21 xl3cm. 

Eugene D. Gardner was an engraver and block printer. A native of Troy, 
New York, he moved to New York City sometime around 1881. Gardner 
produced portraits of famous individuals of the day for various magazines. 
He was considered by some to be the dean of American wood engravers. 
Volume contains 180 miscellaneous engravings of various sizes showing 
depictions of animals, stoves, knives, drawing instruments, horse equipage, 
and landscape scenes. 
Document 412. 

827. Gardner, Hugh. 
Orders. 1769-73. 
25 items. 

Hugh Gardner was a merchant. 

Collection contains orders placed by Gardner for such goods as hardware, 
dry goods, buttons, a seal skin trunk, shoes, tea, salt, writing paper, and 
linseed oil. 
Collection 503. 

828. Garretson, Israel. 

Account book. 1835-77. 
181 p.; 31 cm. 

Israel Garretson was a farmer in Newbury Township, Pennsylvania. 
Manuscript includes notations of work and products associated with a 
farmer's life: mowing, haying, reaping, splitting rails and stakes, husking 
corn, threshing wheat, and churning butter. There are references to pur- 
chases made for the household. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 581. 

829. Garrett, Samuel, 1775-1820. 
Ledger. 1807-17. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Samuel Garrett was a native of Willistown, Pennsylvania, where he lived 
with his wife, Sarah Worrall Garrett. The couple appear to have lived in 
Philadelphia and Upper Providence, Pennsylvania, at various times as 
well. He appears to have been a tanner and leatherworker. 

Dozens Collection and Archives 219 

Manuscript records Garretf s activities as a tanner and notes his shoe- 
making, currying, and other leatherworking activities. 
Name index available. 
Document 514. 

830. Garrett, William Evans, 1798-1885. 
Mill and farm accounts. 1833-45. 
196 p.: ill.; 27 cm. 

William Evans Garrett operated a prosperous snuff mill in Yorklyn, Dela- 
ware, about forty miles south of Philadelphia. It had been bequeathed to 
him and his brother by their father, Levi, who had earlier inherited it from 
his father, John. In the early 1880s, William took his two sons into partner- 
ship. When William died in 1885, the family relinquished the business. 
Manuscript contains a history of the Garrett family, records the develop- 
ment of the mill property and the structures on it, describes how Red Clay 
Creek was diverted to create a new channel, and includes financial ac- 
counts relating to the mill's operation and personnel. 
Other Garrett account books located at the Historical Society of Pennsylva- 
Document 262. 

831. Garrett & Alvord. 

Daybook and scrapbook. 1850-80, bulk 1850-51. 
1 vol.: ill.; 40 cm. 

The first portion of this volume was used as a daybook by workers of Gar- 
rett & Alvord, a Montville, Ohio, general store. Flora Lavern Garrett came 
to possess the volume and began the scrapbook portion on March 1, 1880. 
More than four hundred pages recording general store activities note that 
dry goods, hardware, books, ceramics, tools, metalware, dyes, and other 
items were sold. About sixty pages of this volume contain clippings from a 
variety of sources. 
Folio 52. 

832. Garwood, Robert. 
Account book. 1846-50, 1925. 
10 p.; 30 cm. 

Robert Garwood was a dry-goods merchant from Philadelphia. 
Includes an account of goods purchased by James Daveraux from Gar- 
wood, including a variety of textiles, hose, gloves, and handkerchiefs. The 
last two pages of text record wages and expenses in 1925 for what appears 
to be a retail shop. 
Document 622. 

833. Gaskell, G. A. 

Gaskell's complete compendium of elegant writing. 1879. 
13 items. 

220 Guide to the \Ninterlhur library 

Professor G. A. Gaskell operated a business college in Manchester, New 


Includes an engraved envelope that contains what Gaskell called "a new 

series of beautiful copy-slips for self-instruction in the counting room, the 

office, and at the home fireside," for which he charged $1.00. 

Document 321 . 

834. Gatter, Carl. L. 

Photographs of Odd Fellows' Hall. 1975. 

27 p.: ill.; 28 cm. 

Volume contains thirty-eight photographs that depict the Odd Fellows' 

Hall at Third and Brown streets, Philadelphia, shortly before the structure 

was demolished. Both interior and exterior photographs feature Egyptian 

revival architecture associated with the building. 

Document 359. 

835. Gault, William. 

Account book. 1818-26, 1842-43, 1861. 
1 vol.; 30 cm. 

William Gault was a merchant in Boston, Massachusetts. 
Volume first includes a series of invoices for a variety of dry-goods prod- 
ucts purchased by Gault from other merchants. From 1842 to 1843, the 
manuscript was used as a daybook, recording sales and payments to Gault. 
In 1861 another individual, who appears to have been a doctor, used the 
volume to note visits to patients and the medications he prescribed. At the 
end of the book, an unnamed person recorded his plastering, brickwork, 
and painting in 1843. 
Document 532. 

836. Gavitt, Harry E. 

Gavitt's stock exchange. 1904. 
1 game (33 cards): ill. 

This card game, published by W. W. Gavitt Printing and Publishing Co. of 
Topeka, Kansas, was to be played by three or four participants. The object 
of the game was to amass a full complement of one set of four cards — each 
representing the stock of a single company — in order to fully own the com- 
pany. An instructional booklet and promotional literature were also in- 
Collection 220. 

837. Gebelein, George Christian, 1878-1945. 
Drawings. 1903-ca. 1930. 

Approx. 900 items: ill. (chiefly col.); 56 x 41 cm. or smaller. 
George Christian Gebelein has been described as "the modern Paul Re- 
vere." He began his career as a silversmith with Goodnow & Jenks of Bos- 
ton in 1893, and in 1909 he opened his own studio in Boston. His wares 

Doxms Collectioit and Arcliives 221 

were displayed at many museums, and he won many awards for his work. 
His wares are held by private individuals, the College of William and 
Mary, the chapel at West Point, and the National Cathedral. Gebelein was 
also known for making fine jewelry. 

Collection consists of designs for a wide variety of silverwork and jewelry 
that betrays the influence of the arts and crafts movement and colonial re- 
vival style. Many of the drawings for silver goods depict tea and coffee ser- 
vices. A few of the leaves are annotated, and some mention who commis- 
sioned the items represented. 
Collection 21; Microfilm M3017. 

838. Geissinger, David. 
Vorschrift. Ca. 1800-1810. 
1 leaf; 34 cm. 

This Pennsylvania German vorschrift contains the rhyming religious poem 
"Ein Wunder Grosses Fisch." This familiar German legend tells of a fish 
with a human head that was caught in 1740 near Geneva. The legend ap- 
pears on several other pieces of illuminated Fraktur in several museums 
and libraries, including Winterthur and the Free Library of Philadelphia. 
Finding aid with translation available. 
Document 1066. 

839. Geist family 

Account books. 1874-75, 1888, 1898-1910. 
3 vols.; 38 cm. or smaller. 

The Geist family operated a general store in Blue Ball, Pennsylvania. 
Two daybooks listing daily store sales and one cashbook listing business 
and operating expenses illuminate the activities of a store operated by Ev- 
erett S. and Adam Geist. 
Collection 317. 

840. Gel wicks, Jcirg Carl. 

Manuale, or handbook of active and continued debts, mine. 1760-84. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Jorg Gelwicks was a shoemaker from Little Conewago, Pennsylvania. 
Volume includes records of a shoemaker who both made and repaired foot- 
wear. Accounts relating to the settlement of the estate of Frederick Gel- 
wicks are also included. Much of the text is in German, though the estate 
records are in English. 
Name index available. 

Original manuscript located in the public library in Hanover, Pennsylvania. 
Microfilm M2988. 

841. The Gem library blocks. 1882? 
24 blocks: col. ill. 

222 Guide lo the Winlcrtlmr Librnry 

Consists of blocks shaped like books contained in a wooden box made to 
resemble bookshelves. Each block (except that for XYZ) represents a single 
letter of the alphabet. Mock book titles and accompanying illustrations 
highlight the letter represented. 
Collection 220. 

842. Genet, Charles Edmund. 
Accounts. 1794-1803. 

1 folder. 

Charles Edmund Genet lived near Jamaica, New York. His occupation is 


This small collection includes bills, receipts, and promissory notes. Goods 

and services mentioned include oxen, horses, thread, cloth, pails, ale, and a 

load of hay. 

Collection 507. 

843. George C. Whitney & Co. 
Valentine sample book. 1886-87. 
12 leaves: col. ill.; 26 cm. 

George C. Whitney & Co. began in Worcester, Massachusetts, in 1858 and 
eventually became the largest maker of valentine cards in the United 
States. Whitney bought out a competitor, Esther Howland's firm, and then 
hired her for her innovative design work. The company operated until Feb- 
ruary 1942, when it was forced to liquidate. 

Sample book contains thirty-six sample valentines, six embossed envelopes, 
and a partial valentine catalogue for 1886-87. 
Document 24. 

844. Georgian Lighting Shops. 
Drawings. 1921-50. 

525 items; ill. 

The Georgian Lighting Shops operated in Philadelphia from at least 1921 
until the 1950s and produced revival-style products. Few advertisements 
from the firm are known. A letterhead in the collection includes the names 
John G. Lisberger and Carroll G. Stewart. 

Drawings and tracings in the collection are of lighting devices, decorative 
scrollwork, railings, fireplace equipment, etc. All are finely detailed and 
hand-colored, generally to one-quarter scale. Also included are full-scale 
renderings and mounted photographs of lighting fixtures embossed with 
the name "Sterling Bronze Company, New York City." 

These 525 items are also on microfilm along with 1,927 other drawings pro- 
duced by the firm. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 103; Microfilm M2926-M2929. 

Dmims CoUectioii and Archives 223 

845. Gerrish, Benjamin, 1683-? 

Logbook and notebook of Benjamin Gerrish. 1716-25. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Manuscript records weather conditions and other particulars during days 

at sea between Salem, Massachusetts, and points in the Caribbean. 

Original manuscript located at the American Antiquarian Society. 

Microfilm M288. 

846. Gerwin & Co. 

Hardware sample box. Ca. 1887-1931. 
1 item; 47 x 33 x 6 cm. 

Gerwin & Co. was an exporting firm in Birmingham, England. It was es- 
tablished in 1897 by William Gerwin, who died in 1931. The firm was lo- 
cated at three different sites in Birmingham throughout its existence. In 
1975 its name became Gerwin Kunnreuther Ltd. 

This salesman's sample box contains twenty-three examples of metalware, 
many of them drawer pulls and hooks. Each item is labeled with a stock 
number and size. The metal used for the pieces appears to be iron that has 
been electroplated with brass and then lacquered. 
Folio 186. 

847. Geser, Albert. 

Thread sample book. 1862-63. 
78 leaves; 18 cm. 

Albert Geser's name appears on the inside front cover of this volume with 
an address in the Swiss canton of Saint Gallen. He is presumed to have 
been the owner of this manuscript and a cloth manufacturer. 
Consists of a large number of thread samples with accompanying notes in 
German indicating the kinds of fabric woven from it and color names. Also 
contains a price index, a table of weaver's salaries, and a list of names (per- 
haps customers) from Great Britain. 
Collection 50. 

848. Geyer, William B. 
Receipt book. 1834-55. 
238 p.; 13 x 20 cm. 

William B. Geyer operated a leather store in Philadelphia and owned prop- 
erty elsewhere in the city. 

Contains signed receipts for taxes, rents, brickwork, plumbing, painting, 
paper hanging, privy cleaning, etc. 

Index of names, occupations, and objects mentioned available. 
Document 82. 

849. Gibson, Samuel. 

Sales book. 1850-72, bulk 1850-52, 1862. 
1 vol.; 24 X 12 cm. 

224 Guide to Ihc Wiitterthiir Libran/ 

Samuel Gibson was a comb wholesaler in Middlesex County, Massachu- 

Manuscript contains records of sales of combs to various merchants in the 
Boston area. An extensive inventory is mentioned: Siamese pocket combs, 
vine top back combs, feather top combs, chain combs, etc. The volume also 
contains apparently unrelated accounts of sales of apples and cider and ag- 
ricultural notes that were recorded later. 
Document 249. 

850. Gibson and Company. 
Journals. 1802-7. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Gibson and Company operated a general store in Cantwell's Bridge (now 
Odessa), Delaware. 

The two journals, overlapping from 1805 to 1807, record the various trans- 
actions of the business. 

Original manuscripts in private hands at time of filming. 
Microfilm M749. 

851. Gien et Cie. 

Photograph album. Ca. 1920-40. 
23 leaves: ill.; 21 cm. 

Gien was a maker of faience established in 1822 at a former convent in 
Gien, France. It is noted for producing cream-colored earthenware and 
large vases. From 1834 to 1840, de Boulen et Cie. were proprietors. Geof- 
frey, de Boulen et Cie., as the firm was then known, won a medal at a Paris 
exposition in 1844. In 1856, under the name of Geoffrey Guerin et Cie., the 
company began to produce highly ornamental ceramic wares. 
Album includes such twentieth-century views of Gien's faience manufac- 
tory as the entrance, streets within the complex, laboratory, retail store, 
molding and drying shops, and ovens. Also included are depictions of 
such activities as the drying of plates, the sorting and packing of wares, 
painting and decorating, and the making of square tiles. 
Partial index available. 
Document 168. 

852. Giffin, A. 

Account book. 1854-56, 1917-37. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

A. Giffin was a house painter from West Brookfield, Massachusetts. 
Volume records Giffin's activities during the 1850s: painting, varnishing, 
paper hanging, and graining. During twenty years of the twentieth century, 
Frank A. Giffin, presumably a descendant, used the book to make notes on 
seeds that he ordered. 
Document 384. 

Doimis Collection and Archwes 225 

853. Gilbert, A. 
Ledger. 1806^1. 

3 vols.; 42 cm. or smaller. 

A. Gilbert was a general merchant from Ridgefield, Connecticut. Some of 
his business, conducted in New York City, appears to have been managed 
by Richard Randall. 

Manuscripts — totaling in excess of one thousand pages and covering more 
than thirty-five years — record Gilbert's activities as a merchant. Gilbert sold 
both to individuals and to businesses. He handled a variety of goods, in- 
cluding furniture, dry goods, food, clothing, and hardware. 
Collection 262. 

854. Gildersleeve, W. C. 
Account book. 1826-42. 
558 p.; 39 cm. 

W. C. Gildersleeve lived in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, and seems to have 
operated a general store. He helped to manage the financial affairs of a lo- 
cal Presbyterian Church. 

Manuscript notes the activities of Gildersleeve's store and includes some 
family information as well as a record of the expenses of the Presbyterian 
Church's building committee. 
Folio 133. 

855. Gillett family 

Account books. 1783-1878. 
3 vols.; 40 cm. or smaller. 

Jonathan Gillett and his son, Jonathan Jr., were furnituremakers in Canaan, 
Connecticut. Members of the Gillett family also farmed and may have op- 
erated a general store. 

Jonathan Gillett Sr. kept the first volume of the collection from 1783 to 1789 
to record furnituremaking. From 1798 tol834, both Gillett Sr. and Gillett Jr. 
used the second volume to note furnituremaking and, after 1828, to chroni- 
cle activities associated with the operation of a general store. Various fam- 
ily members wrote in the third volume, a ledger, to record woodworking 
and family genealogy. 
Collection 340. 

856. Gillow and Co. 

Business papers. Ca. 1731-1905. 
127 leaves: ill. (some col.); 103 microfilm reels 

Gillow and Co. was a provincial English furnituremaking firm based in 
Lancaster until at least 1931. The firm maintained an outlet in London as 
well. It engaged in architectural joinery, repair work, and upholstery ser- 
vices. It exported goods to the West Indies and northern Europe. 
Leaves contain 206 watercolors and forty-three pencil and wash drawings 
of furniture, chandeliers, upholstery, and draperies in styles ranging from 


Guide to the Wintertluir Library 


Entry 856. A watercolor drawing of a desk and globe from the 
British furniture making firm Gillow and Co., Lancaster, En- 
gland. Ca. 1845. 

Dou'ns Collection and Archives 227 

Chippendale to regency. Watermarks suggest they were done after 1845. 
Microfilm reels include Gillow financial records, drawings, sketchbooks, 
and letters. Gillow's archive is the most complete to have survived from 
any leading English furniture manufacturer. 
Finding aid for contents of microfilm available. 
Microfilmed originals at Westminster City Libraries, London. 
Papers used for The Gillow Company of Lancaster, England: An Eighteenth- 
Century Business History, by Sarah C. Nichols (Master's thesis. University of 
Delaware, 1982). 
Document 257; Microfilm M1424-M1525, M2728. 

857. Gilman, Rufus King, 1804-28. 
Diary. 1824. 

20 p.; 16 cm. 

Rufus King Gilman was a supercargo at the time that he kept this diary. He 
was the eighth child of Benjamin C. Gilman, a merchant from Exeter, New 
Hampshire. Gilman probably attended Exeter Academy and lived with his 
brother, William, a merchant, in Norwich, Connecticut. 
Diary documents Gilman's sea voyage from New London, Connecticut, to 
Ireland and England and his subsequent travels in those countries. He 
commented about the conditions that he saw and wrote at some length 
about porcelain- and crockerymaking at the Herculaneum Pottery in Liver- 
pool. Gilman also wrote about the production of silk, cotton, and calico 
goods in Manchester. 
Typescript available. 
Document 909. 

858. Gilpin, Thomas, 1776-1853. 
Inventories and deeds. 1745-1849. 
13 items. 

Philadelphian Thomas Gilpin and his brother Joshua established the first 
paper mill in the vicinity of Wilmington, Delaware. In 1817 Thomas in- 
vented and patented the first continuous papermaking machine in the 
United States. The Gilpins were forced to sell their mill in 1837 after finan- 
cial setbacks. Their father, Thomas Gilpin Sr., was a Quaker merchant from 

The family inventories include a list of Thomas Gilpin's possessions main- 
tained from 1839 to 1850. Deeds record lot and house purchases in Wil- 
mington by Thomas Gilpin Sr. from 1748 to 1771. 
Collection 246. 

859. Gingrich-Hershey-Hochstetter families estate papers. 1785-1826. 
16 items. 

The Gingrich, Hershcy, and Hochstetter families all lived in Warwick 
Township, Pennsylvania. Christian Hershey served as a guardian and exec- 
utor to both the Gingrich and Hochstetter families. 

228 Guide to the Whiterthur Library 

Consists of notes, receipts, accounts, inventories, and bonds relating to the 
transfer of property and estates of members of the three families. 
Eight of the items are in German; eight are in English. 
Finding aid available. 
Document 594. 

860. Ginkinger, Lillie. 
Scrapbook. Ca. 1879-1900. 

1 vol.: ill (some col.); 35 cm. 

Lillie Ginkinger lived in the vicinity of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, at the 
time that she assembled this scrapbook. 

On January 1, 1883, Allen Shreadley gave this volume to his friend, Lillie. 
In it, Lillie pasted a wide variety of trade cards, holiday greetings, and il- 
lustrated scraps that she had been collecting since 1879. Most trade cards 
refer to Harrisburg businesses. Prominent American and European pub- 
lishers and printers, such as Raphael Tuck, produced the cards. 
Folio 60. 

861. Glass-plate negatives of furniture. Ca. 1875-1900. 
34 items: ill.; 17 x 22 cm. 

These thirty-four photographs record furniture that was probably made by 
a Reading, Pennsylvania, firm. Most of the items depicted are forms of 
seating furniture: rocking chairs, cane seated chairs, high chairs, armchairs, 
and upholstered piano benches. A round table and a baby's crib are also 
illustrated. Each negative has a number at the bottom, suggesting that the 
images were used to illustrate a trade catalogue. 
Collection 484. 

862. Glen-Sanders family papers. 1674-1957. 
18 microfilm reels. 

Members of the Sanders family were general merchants from Albany, New 
York, and New York City. The Glen family, many of whom served in the 
military, were customers. 

These records, both personal and professional, contain correspondence, ac- 
count books, bills, receipts, and other papers dealing chiefly with the sell- 
ing of such products as clothing, fabric, food, metalware, etc. 
Summary of contents of each reel available. 
Original manuscripts at the New York Historical Society. 
Microfilm M1967-M1984. 

863. Glentworth, George. 
Papers. 1812-13. 

2 folders: ill.; 34 cm. 

George Glentworth lived and worked in Philadelphia. 

Collection contains bills and receipts relating to the construction of a house 

and store located on the northeast corner of Chester and Race streets in 

Dozens CoUeclinn and Archives 229 

Philadelphia. They are for such products as hardware, lumber, window 
glass, and doors and reflect such building activities as plastering, painting, 
bricklaying, and cellar digging. Photographs taken sometime later record 
the exterior of the building. 
Collection 456. 

864. Godard, Miles. 
Account book. 1814-50. 
1 vol.; 42 cm. 

Miles and Owen Godard were sawyers in Granby, Connecticut. 
Volume begins as a daybook for 1814. The remainder of the volume con- 
sists of running accounts for sawing boards, logs, planks, shafts, and rail- 
Folio 194. 

865. Goddard, Nichols, 1773-1823. 
Diary 1795. 

1 vol.; 12 cm. 

Nichols Goddard was a clock- and watchmaker and a silversmith. Born in 
Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, he served his apprenticeship with Luther God- 
dard, a cousin. In 1797 he and Benjamin Lord began a partnership making 
gold and silver wares in Rutland, Vermont, that lasted until 1807. Goddard 
and his wife. Charity White Goddard, were members of the East Parish 
Congregational Church in Rutland. During the first decade of the nine- 
teenth century, Goddard served as Rutland's town clerk and town trea- 
surer. He was a Mason. 

Brief diary entries record memoranda, miscellaneous observations, and 
money spent for household goods and boarding, as well as Goddard's 
clockmaking activities. 

Photographs of clocks made by Goddard are located in the Decorative Arts 
Photographic Collection, Winterthur Museum. 
Document 827. 

866. Goetting, Karl. 

Drawings of furniture. Ca. 1906. 

18 items: ill. (some col.) 

Karl Goetting lived in Medina, New York; he may have been a furniture 

design student. 

Collection contains twenty-seven drawings on eighteen sheets of paper. 

Furniture depicted includes bureaus, desks, storage and china cabinets, and 

rocking chairs. Two drawings have watercolor and wash highlights, and 

some drawings include comments, possibly by an instructor. 

Collection 411. 

867. Goldsmith & Tuthill. 
Bills. 1873-1906. 

230 Guide to the Wiiilcrtliiir Lilmity 

95 items: ill. 

Goldsmith & Tuthill appear to have been Cutchogue, Long Island, New 
York, wholesalers. 

The bills in this collection record the types of merchandise purchased by 
Goldsmith & Tuthill for resale, including agricultural implements, art sup- 
plies, dry goods, hardware, stoves, woodenware, hollowware, tobacco, and 
stationery. Many bills include illustrations reflective of the firm's product 
Collection 153. 

868. Goodwin family. 
Papers. 1889-93. 
Approx. 360 items. 

Members of the Goodwin family were early settlers of Hartford, Connecti- 
cut. By the end of the nineteenth century, descendants of these settlers had 
become quite wealthy and owned considerable land in the city. James Jun- 
ius (1835-1915) and Rev Francis (1839-1923) are the two Goodwins most 
frequently mentioned in this collection. James served on boards of insur- 
ance companies and banks, worked with J. Pierpont Morgan, and was in- 
fluential in Hartford's civic and cultural circles. Although he studied for 
the ministry, Francis eventually left the pulpit to manage the family for- 

Collection records the building and land development activities of the 
Goodwin brothers in Hartford over a four-year period. Papers relate to the 
construction or renovation of Goodwin family dwellings, the Wadsworth 
Atheneuni, Trinity Church, the Putnam Phalanx Armory, various other res- 
idences, and the Goodwin Building, a structure that anchored an important 
commercial block in downtown Hartford. The work of local construction 
firms is documented through specifications, contracts, monthly reports, 
scale drawings, and other records. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 239. 

869. Goold, William. 
Daybooks. 1833-35. 
84 leaves; 41 cm. 

William Goold worked as a tailor in Portland, Maine. 

Manuscript contains records of daily sales of pantaloons, surtouts, vests, 

jackets, coats, dickeys, suspenders, and other items. There are references to 

repairing clothing, cutting cloth, and selling fabric and patterns. 

Folio 14. 

870. Gordon, Nathan B. 
Copybook. 1806. 

22 leaves: ill.; 22 cm. 

Downs CoUectkm ami Archives 231 

Nathan B. Gordon was a student from Exeter, New Hampshire. 
Manuscript contains the handwriting exercises practiced by young Nathan 
when he was in school. The cover features an engraving by James Akin, 
called "Sailor's Glee," that portrays sailors drinking, dancing, and socializ- 
ing with women. The copybook was sold in Newburyport, Massachusetts, 
by Akin, Thomas & Whittle, stationers. 
Document 1056. 

871. Gottscho, Samuel Henry, 1874-1971. 

Qviarry Farm, Greenwich, Connecticut: residence of Mr. and Mrs. Henry 
Walker Bagley. 1939. 
29 leaves: ill.; 26 cm. 

Samuel Henry Gottscho was an architectural photographer also known for 
his photos of flowers and gardens. He and his son-in-law, William H. 
Schleisner, established the firm of Gottscho-Schleisner in New York City. 
Volume consists of interior and exterior photographs of the Bagleys coun- 
try estate. 
Document 41. 

872. Gracie, Archibald, 1755-1829. 
Diary. 1815. 

152 p.; 20 cm. 

Archibald Gracie was born in Scotland. He immigrated to Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia, and later settled in New York City. His New York City home, which 
he built in 1799, is now the home of the city's mayor. He was a successful 
shipping and banking magnate until the embargoes of the War of 1812 pre- 
cipitated his financial ruin. 

The bulk of this volume is Grade's account of a trip he took to his native 
Scotland. He wrote about the historic sites he visited, commented on the 
Scottish people's character and contrasted it with that of New Yorkers, re- 
corded his observations on factory production of household objects, and 
wrote about his fascination with steam power. In 1888 Gracie's son, Peter, 
retraced his father's footsteps and made comments on a handful of pages 
in his father's diary. 
Document 209. 

873. Graded sewing exercises. Ca. 1890s. 
60 leaves; 26 cm. 

This scrapbook contains samples of sewing and knotting stitches. Those 
shown include basting, overcasting, hemming, and chain stitching as well 
as the military knot, looping chain, square knot, and reef or ambulance 
knot. Other related instructions include making napkins, pen wipers, and 
aprons; affixing buttons; and creating weaving patterns. 
Document 1025. 

232 Guide to the Wiutertlittr Library 

874. Graff, Charles. 
Receipt book. 1799-1806. 

12 p.; 10 X 16 cm. 

Charles Graff was a merchant in Philadelphia. 

Includes twenty-nine signed receipts for a variety of goods and lists com- 
modities shipped to Havana, Cuba. 
Document 65. 

875. Graff, Frederick, 1774-1847. 
Papers. 1798-1829. 

13 items: ill. (some col.) 

Frederick Graff was an engineer and architect based in Philadelphia. In 
1797 he began his apprenticeship as a draftsman for the Philadelphia Water- 
works, also known as the Fairmount Waterworks. Graff spent his working 
life associated with the works and developed its efficient hydraulic system. 
In addition to designing the machinery at the waterworks, he planned its 
distinctive neoclassical buildings. Graff's son succeeded him. 
Papers include Graff's sketchbook, drawings of a building, and newspaper 
clippings related to the Philadelphia waterworks. The sketchbook includes 
drawings for wheeled vehicles, a garden, and neoclassical buildings. Rules 
for proportioning balustrades are recorded. Building plans, perhaps for the 
Branch Bank, Norfolk, Virginia, depict various views of a three-story struc- 

Reports on the activities of the Philadelphia Waterworks from 1799 to 1824 
in the Printed Book and Periodical Collection, Winterthur Library. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 358. 

876. Graff & Beck. 

Inventory of the stock of goods bought of Graff and Beck. 1854. 

69 p.; 23 cm. 

Graff & Beck seems to have been the name of a general store. 

Inventory of the contents of a general store, including a wide variety of 

goods, such as "du Pont powder," chalk, earthen jars, pitchers, bonnets, 

soap, and penknives. 

Document 368. 

877. Graff family. 
Papers. 1760-1788. 
1 folder. 

Jacob Graff, the forebear of this line of Graffs, was born in 1727 in Ger- 
many. He eventually settled in Philadelphia, married Catherine Able, and 
fathered ten children, six of whom survived. Although his profession is not 
known, Graff may have been a furnituremaker or carpenter. One of his 
sons, also named Jacob, was a mason. 

Dowus Collection and Archives 233 

Papers of Jacob Graff Sr. and Jacob Graff Jr. include bills and receipts, fam- 
ily genealogical records, and Jacob Jr.'s account book. A record of the mate- 
rials used for construction of the Minicks Building and a signed contract 
related to the building are also included. 
Collection 388. 

878. Grafly, Charles, 1862-1929. 
Photographs. 1888-ca. 1901. 
22 items: ill. 

Charles Grafly, a native of Philadelphia, was a sculptor and teacher who 
began working as a stone carver at the age of seventeen. He attended the 
Spring Garden Institute and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 
where he studied with Thomas Eakins. He then went to Paris and studied 
at the Academic Julian and the Ecole des beaux-arts. He then returned to 
Philadelphia and taught at Drexel Institute and at the Pennsylvania Acad- 
emy. Grafly was a member of several professional groups and is best 
known for his work on the Meade Memorial, Washington, D.C. 
Photographs of Grafly and his classmates, home, studio, and family are in- 
cluded. There are two photos of Grafly's sculptures as well. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 198. 

879. Graham, M. W. 

Account book. 1830-49, 1877, bulk 1844-49. 
28 p.; 16 cm. 

M. W. Graham, a resident of North Canton, Connecticut, was a wood- 
worker who specialized in making wagons and furniture. 
The majority of this manuscript consists of records of Graham's work for 
Milo Lee, including such activities as turning bedposts, making beds, alter- 
ing a cart body, framing, working on gun boxes, making a sleigh, and mak- 
ing washstands. 
Document 840. 

880. Grant, Samuel. 
Account books. 1728-66. 
2 microfilm reels. 

Samuel Grant was an upholsterer in Boston. 

Account books document Grant's business dealings, including products 
made and customers served as well as lists of priced merchandise and ref- 
erences to the shipment of goods. 

Account book, located at the Massachusetts Historical Society, covers the 
years from 1728 to 1737. Volume at the American Antiquarian Society cov- 
ers the years from 1 737 to 1 766. 
Microfilm M1526, M1419. 

234 Guide to llw Wiiiterlhur Library 

881. Graves, H. 

Architectural drawings. Ca. 1850-99. 
11 items: ill. 

H. Graves worked as an architect in Boston for much of the second half of 
the nineteenth century. Early in his career, he was associated with Thomas 
W. Silloway, a Unitarian clergyman who combined his ecclesiastical duties 
with designing churches throughout New England. 
Drawings document an unnamed church in the Roman revival style. In- 
cluded are elevations, floor plans, timber structure plans, and designs for 
ornamentation. Sketches show details of the spire, bell section, and base of 
the clock. 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 106. 

882. Gray, William. 
Ledger. 1774-1814. 
1 microfilm reel. 

William Gray worked as a painter in Salem, Massachusetts, and Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire. 

Accounts in Gray's ledger pertain to painting schooners and other sailing 
vessels, whitewashing, painting rooms, and setting glass in doors. 
Original manuscript at the Essex Institute. 
Microfilm M2642. 

883. Great Britain. Board of Customs and Excise. 
Ledgers of imports and exports. 1697-1773. 
52 microfilm reels. 

Ledgers feature lists of goods imported and exported from London and 

other ports, many of which were located in the American colonies. The lists 

refer to house furnishings and products for domestic use. 

Contents are further described in volume 2 of the Guide to the Contents of 

the Public Record Office, published in 1963. 

Original manuscripts located in London at the Public Record Office. 

Microfilm M886, M1765-M1815. 

884. Great Britain. Colonial Office. 
Original correspondence, etc. 1739-76. 
1 microfilm reel. 

The Colonial Office managed a wide range of issues that unfolded in the 
British colonies. 

The two main correspondents represented in this collection are John Single- 
ton Copley, an American portrait painter, and Henry Pelham, an English 
painter, engraver, and mapmaker who was also Copley's half brother. A 
Loyalist, Pelham left Boston for London in 1776. The Copley-Pelham letters 
are about everyday matters, money, portraits, exhibitions, etc. 

Downs Collection and Archives 235 

Indexes are available. 

Collection forms two volumes of a much larger, 1,450-volume collection of 
papers relating to America and the West Indies located in the Public Rec- 
ord Office. 

Correspondence further described in Guide of the Public Records Office, pub- 
lished in 1963. Many of the letters are also available in volume 71 of the 
Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, entitled Letters and Papers of 
John Singleton Copley and Henry Pelham, 1739-1776, published in 1914. 
Microfifm M1763. 

885. Great Britain. Custom House (Liverpool, Eng.). 
Liverpool plantation registers. 1744-73, 1779-84. 
2 microfilm reels. 

These manuscripts contain information on ships registered at Liverpool, 

England, that were used to conduct trade with the English colonies. 

Includes an introduction by Maurice M. Schofield and David J. Pope with 

indexes and lists of contents. 

Original records in the Liverpool, England, Custom House. 

Microfilm M2640-M2641. 

886. The Great River archive: inventories, house surveys, manuscript files, 
photo files, cultural histories. 1645-1825. 

7 microfilm reels. 

The collection of material on these reels was assembled by the Wadsworth 
Atheneum. It chronicles the cultural and artistic heritage of the Connecticut 
River Valley by identifying objects and documents associated with the re- 
gion. Included are files on craftspeople, estate inventories, and town and 
object files. 

Summary of contents available. 
Microfilm M2917-M2923. 

887. Greble, Edwin, 1806-83. 
Letters. 1877-83. 

11 items. 

Edwin Greble was a monumentmaker, stonecutter, and proprietor of a mar- 
ble yard in Philadelphia. He owned a number of houses that he rented to 

Letters are from Greble to his son, Edwin Greble Jr., who was in Europe. 
Apart from discussing family matters and social activities, these letters doc- 
ument Greble's construction projects and rental activities. He wrote exten- 
sively about the construction of several houses on Sansom Street, Philadel- 
phia, in which he used green-colored limestone. He also made tombs, 
statues, mantels, and cemetery ornaments. Greble asked his son to photo- 
graph certain buildings while in Europe. 
Collection 196. 

236 Giihie ta the Wiiiterlhur Libran/ 

888. Greeley, Samuel. 

Account books. 1832-39, 1861-81. 
2 vols.; 32 cm. 

Samuel Greeley was a sailor. After making many voyages to Europe, he 
settled on a farm in Readfield, Maine. 

Most of these volumes document the making and selling of butter by Gree- 
ley from 1862 to 1881. Beginning in 1874, there are brief diary entries re- 
cording the weather, daily activities, and travels and activities of family 
Document 421. 

889. Green, John. 

Account book. 1790-1803. 
51 leaves: ill.; 23 cm. 

John Green was a craftsman from Southampton Town, New York, who 
worked in several media. 

Manuscript contains accounts for work completed, records of crops 
planted, and personal reflections on family matters. Green mended a spin- 
ning wheel and rimmed a cart wheel. Toward the end of the manuscript, 
he sketched Windsor chairs, a chair saddle, and a swift. He mentions hav- 
ing done work for silversmith Elias Pelletreau. 
Document 84. 

890. Green, John, 1736-? 

Manifest of cargo and abstracts from invoice book of the ship Empress of 

China. 1784-85. 

1 microfilm reel. 

John Green was master of the Emftress of China. During the Revolutionary 

War he served as a captain in the navy. 

Includes a log, diary accounts, and a manifest for the Empress of China, the 

first sailing vessel to travel from America to China. On board were food, 

furniture, textiles, wall coverings, costumes, and decorative objects. 

Original manuscript located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Microfilm M105. 

891. Green, Jonas, d. 1819. 

Account book, 1803-65, bulk 1804-12. 
76 p.; 32 cm. 

Jonas Green was a weaver in Queensbury, New York. 
Volume records Green's weaving activities between 1803 and 1819. He 
made such items as coverlets, blankets, flannel, and bedtick. After his 
death, his son, Benjamin Green, used the book to record transactions re- 
garding livestock, produce, and the rental of real estate and his father's 
weaving equipment. A Hst of family births and deaths is also included. 
Document 375. 

Dozons Collection and Archives 237 

892. Greene, Benjamin, 1713-76. 
Account books. 1755-99. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Benjamin Greene was a merchant in Boston. 

Microfilm reel contains two daybooks used by Greene. Entries record his 

business transactions with local merchants and his overseas trade activities. 

In addition to business matters, the second volume includes records of the 

Greene family estate. Accounts after 1767 include records of Benjamin 

Greene & Son. 

Original manuscripts located at the Massachusetts Historical Society. 

Microfilm M2996. 

893. Greene, Horatio Nelson. 
Scrapbook. Ca. 1851-1904. 
1 vol.: ill.; 35 cm. 

Born in New Bedford, Massachusetts, Horatio Nelson Greene eventually 
settled in Vineland, New Jersey, where he became active in community af- 
fairs and local politics. He was president of the Vineland National Bank 
and the Red Deer Consolidated Silver Mining Company. He and his wife 
traveled extensively, and he wrote a column for a local newspaper about 
his trips. 

Manuscript contains a travel narrative of a trip Greene took from New 
Bedford to the Azores. The remainder of the volume contains clippings of 
newspaper articles that Greene wrote or that were written about him; illus- 
trations of hotels where he stayed along his travels; and handwritten notes 
on such topics as temperance and the development of American railroads. 
Document 344. 

894. Greene, Rufus, 1707-77. 
Account books. 1728-74. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Rufus Greene was a silversmith and goldsmith from Boston. Evidence sug- 
gests that he also served as a partner in a family-owned shipping company. 
Manuscripts consist of two personal account books. Greene, who was quite 
wealthy, recorded purchases of such items as clothing, china, liquor, food, 
wood, stationery, and a silk bed quilt. Also included are annual evaluations 
of his personal assets. A few entries relate to his craft and record the pro- 
duction of chains, a spout cup, spoons, and other items. 
Original manuscripts located at the Massachusetts Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2995. 

895. Greene family. 

Business and personal papers. 1667-ca. 1699. 

1 microfilm reel. 

The Greene family traded glassware in seventeenth-century London. 

238 Guide to the Winterthiir Library 

Includes references to orders of glassware from Venice along with patterns 
of items requested. Papers from the Glass Seller's Company and a list of its 
members are also included. A letter from Edward Greene regarding a ship- 
ment of glassware to Antigua and miscellaneous family documents survive 
as well. 

Included in Astone Gasparetto, lutomo Ai Rapporti Vciicto-htglesi nel Cainpo 
Vetrario, published in 1958, volume XI, pages 231-233. 
Original materials located at the British Museum. 
Microfilm M253. 

896. Greene family. 
Invoices. 1784-1834. 
4 folders. 

Members of the Greene family lived in New York City. They included Dr. 
John Greene; Mrs. E. Greene; and Mrs. Mary Greene, the wife of Timothy 
Greene, as well as their children, Joseph, Mary, and Caroline. The younger 
Mary may have operated a boarding school for girls as an adult. 
Collection of bills documents purchases and repairs of household objects 
and personal goods. Items represented in the invoices include chairs, 
frames, watches, and jewelry. Expenses associated with a journey to Penn- 
sylvania and Tennessee and the operation of a boarding school are also re- 
Collection 424. 

897. Greenough, William. 
Daybook. 1820-21. 
180 p.; 34 cm. 

William Greenough, a Bostonian, was a wholesale dealer of furniture hard- 

Greenough sold a variety of hardware, including casters, desk hinges, cut 
nails, brass knobs, latches, screws, locks, and iron wire to furnituremakers. 
Among his customers were Simon Blanchard, Cornelius and Seth Briggs, 
Nathaniel Bryant, Ebenezer Vose, Elijah Leonard, and Levi Ruggles. 
Name index available. 
Document 678; Microfilm M2426. 

898. Greeting cards. Ca. 1840-1990, bulk 1850-1900. 
Approx. 230 items: ill. (some col.) 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains printed greeting cards, 
valentines, birthday cards, holiday greeting cards, friendship cards, reli- 
gious cards, visiting cards, and a few printed scraps. Some cards feature 
hand-colored ornamentation. A few of the cards are publisher's samples 
that include prices for complete sets. Many of the greeting and holiday 
cards are ornately decorated with embossing, lace, silk fringe, glitter, and 
bright colors. 

Downs Collection and Archives 239 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 267. 

899. Gregory, Jennie. 
Diary. 1895. 

1 vol.; 15 cm. 

Jennie Gregory resided in Geneva, Ohio. Her husband, Bert, owned a shop, 
where she sometimes worked. 

Gregory's life revolved around domestic activities, including cleaning, bak- 
ing, washing, sewing, ironing, etc. She specifically mentions making several 
household products, taking painting lessons, maintaining a garden, deco- 
rating china, and attending a dancing school. The Gregorys may have ac- 
commodated boarders in a cottage on their property. They vacationed on 
the Great Lakes in August and September. 
Document 319. 

900. Griffin, Eliphalit. 
Account book. 1753-60. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Eliphalit Griffin was a shipwright from Newbury, Massachusetts. Collec- 
tion also includes the account book of his brother, Jonathan, a general mer- 
chant from Londonderry, New Hampshire. 

Consists of the first part of a small account book recording work on 
schooners in the Cross and Cottle shipyards. Other accounts relate to sugar, 
rum, and clothing. 

Name index and occupation lists available. 

Original manuscript located at the Baker Library, Harvard University. 
Microfihn M 1963.2. 

901. Griffin, James. 
Account book. 1828-43. 
336 p.; 34 cm. 

James Griffin worked as a blacksmith in Alfred, Maine. He apparently 
worked with a relative named Ivory Griffin for a time. The two were listed 
as a pair in the Mai}te Register ami Business Directory in 1856. 
Contains credits and debits for blacksmithing. Work included horse- 
shoeing, repairing wagons, mending tools, repairing handcuffs, making 
cranks, and sharpening drills. Payments were rarely made in cash but 
rather with foodstuffs, coal, bushels of wood, labor, cloth, and other goods. 
Document 126. 

902. Griffin, Jonathan. 
Account book. 1760-73. 
1 microfilm reel. 

240 Guide to the Wintertltttr Library 

Jonathan Griffin was a general store merchant in Londonderry, New 

Hampshire. Collection also includes the account book of his brother, Eli- 

phalit, a shipwright from Newbury, Massachusetts. 

Accounts in this manuscript relate to the operation of a general store. 

Name index and occupation lists available. 

Original manuscript located at the Baker Library, Harvard University. 

Microfilm M1963.2. 

903. Griffith, Samuel. 
Ledger. 1834-37. 
1 vol.; 31 cm. 

Samuel Griffith worked a blacksmith in southeastern Pennsylvania. 
Includes references to standard blacksmithing and metalworking activities: 
horseshoeing; making nails, bolts, and other items; sharpening shears and 
scissors; repairing plows, tools, and other implements; and making and re- 
pairing wagon parts. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 946. 

904. Griswold, Ashbil, 1784-1853. 
Daybook. 1807-52, bulk 1825-52. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Ashbil Griswold was a pewterer and maker of Britanniaware who worked 
in both Meriden, Connecticut, and Baltimore. 
Records refer to Griswold's work. 

Original materials belong to the International Silver Co. of Meriden, Con- 
Microfilm M744. 

905. Griswold, Joseph, 1 777-1 843. 
Account books. 1798-1851. 

5 vols. 

Joseph Griswold worked as a furnituremaker, carpenter, storekeeper, and 
builder in Buckland, Massachusetts. 

Consists of three account books, a daybook, and an index to the account 
books kept between 1804 and 1813 and bound separately. Of the five vol- 
umes, two are original manuscripts, and three are recorded on microfilm. 
Griswold recorded activities associated with woodworking and mentioned 
specific tasks and products. At times, entries record household purchases. 
An unnamed person kept one of the account books from 1843 to 1851. 
Name index for three account books available. 
Collection 284; Microfilm M1617, M1956.1. 

906. Griswold, Josiah W., 1823-1903. 
Account book. 1844-52. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Downs CoUectio)) and Archives 241 

Josiah W. Griswold was a farmer and fumituremaker from Buckland, Mas- 

Accounts record the production and sale of doors, sashes, sleighs, and vari- 
ous food products, such as butter, milk, apples, and potatoes. 
Original manuscript in private hands at time of filming. 
Microfilm M1956. 

907. Griswold, Lorenzo, 1810-35. 
Account and day books. 1829-36. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Lorenzo Griswold was a fumituremaker from Buckland, Massachusetts. 
Accounts record woodworking activities, such as the making of doors and 
sleds, mending chairs, working on houses, and crafting such items as look- 
ing glasses, coffins, and bedsteads. 

Original manuscripts in private hands at time of filming. 
Microfilm M1956. 

908. Griswold, Worthington Franklin, 1842-1912. 
Memorandum books. 1886-88, 1898-1902. 

2 vols.; 18 cm. 

Worthington Franklin Griswold lived in Worthington, Ohio. He was an en- 
gineer, surveyor, justice of the peace, and mayor of his town. 
Manuscripts contain almost daily notes recording weather conditions, ex- 
penses, income, travel, and legal affairs. 

Other Griswold papers located at the Ohio Historical Society. 
Document 145, 146. 

909. Grover, Thomas D. 

532 items: ill. (some col.); 27 cm. 

Thomas D. Grover lived in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania. Evidence suggests 
that he owned a general contracting business and employed several hands 
to do carpentry and masonry work. He may have painted and repaired 
carriages as well. Grover appears to have been well educated and finan- 
cially secure. He was a member of the Men's Literary Union and other 

Items in the collection include receipts that indicate Grover purchased such 
items as stationery, dishes and glasses, paint and varnish, hardware, fabric, 
lumber, iron, and carriage parts. 
Collection 362. 

910. Gruver, William Henry. 
Exercise book. 1838. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 33 cm. 

William Henry Gruver, a resident of Springfield, Pennsylvania, used this 

book to calculate mathematical problems. He used fancy and colorful script 

242 Gtiiiie to the Wintcrthur Library 

to write headings for some sections of the book. There are hexagonal de- 
signs and small illustrations of houses sketched into the volume as well. 
Document 687. 

911. Guerin-Miiller et Cie. 

Theatre miniature. Vol. II: la kermesse villageoise grand fete foraine en 

quatre parties. Ca. 1875. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 34 cm. 

Bound volume features four pop-up scenes with accompanying text of a 

zoo, a circus, a circus sideshow, and a playground. Text is in French. 

Collection 220. 

912. Guess, Harvey W. 
Account book. 1827-40. 
31 leaves; 20 cm. 

Harvey W. Guess was a carriage and wagon repairman and was listed in 
the census of 1830 as a resident of Southington, Connecticut. 
Manuscript contains accounts of debts owed to Guess for his work. 
Document 115. 

913. Guile, Lebbeus B. 
Mechanic's ledger. 1832-60. 
46 leaves; 40 cm. 

Lebbeus B. Guile resided in Dryden, New York, and later relocated to Milo, 
New York. He appears to have been a farmhand and wagon repairman. 
Manuscript contains a record of work performed, including making a shoe- 
box, making a frame "to set tire," making sashes, installing glass, and other 

Title from spine. 
Document 92. 

914. Gullager, Christian, 1759-1826. 
Collection. 1948-50. 

21 items. 

Christian Gullager was a native of Denmark who immigrated to America 
sometime between 1782 and 1786. He earned his living as a portrait painter 
in Boston and New England and settled in that city in 1789. His best- 
known work is a painting of George Washington done in 1789. 
Collection consists of notes on several of Gullager's works, probably pre- 
pared by Susan Sawitzky; a catalogue of an exhibit of his paintings held at 
the Worcester Art Museum in 1949; and letters written by R. W. G. Vail, 
Louisa Dresser, and Sawitzky concerning the attribution of a painting enti- 
tled Mrs. ]Nest. Dresser acknowledges Sawitzky for her help in writing an 
article on Gullager in Art in America, 1949. 
Collection 125. 

Dmvtis CoUection and Archives 243 

915. Gummere, Amelia. 

Collection. 1896-1940, bulk 1902-18. 
2 boxes: ill. 

Amelia Gummere (Mrs. Francis B.) lived in Haverford, Pennsylvania. She 
was a member of the Pennsylvania Society of the Colonial Dames of Amer- 
ica and worked at Independence Hall. Gummere studied early American 
church silver. In 1902 she was actively involved in a special exhibition on 
church silver sponsored by the Colonial Dames at the Museum of Fine Arts 
in Philadelphia (now the Philadelphia Museum of Art). 
Collection contains material gathered by Gummere on early Pennsylvania 
ecclesiastical silver and its makers, including photographs, magazine and 
newspaper articles, correspondence, and genealogical information about 
silversmiths. Silver historian E. Alfred Jones's own book. The Old Silver of 
American Churches (Letchworth, Eng.: Arden Press, 1913), includes much of 
what Gummere had compiled. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 436. 

916. Gunkle, Michael. 
Bills. 1793-1826. 
31 items; 26 cm. 

This collection of bills, addressed to Michael and William Gunkle, docu- 
ments personal expenses for such things as clothing, food and drink, ma- 
sonry work, periodical subscriptions, veterinary services, and children's 
schooling. Several bills refer to Philadelphia businesses, though the Gun- 
kles do not appear in Philadelphia city directories. 
Collection 416. 

917. Gurney, Anna. 

The American offering. 1838. 
136 leaves: ill. (some col.); 24 cm. 

Anna Gurney was the daughter of Joseph John Gurney, a Quaker minister, 
writer, and philanthropist. From 1837 to 1840, she traveled with her father 
from her native England to the United States and visited Canada and the 
West Indies as well. Her father's antislavery sentiments and the Caribbean 
leg of this trip are discussed in his A Winter in the West Indies, Described in 
Familiar Letters to Henry Clay of Kentucky, first published in 1840. 
Volume is a keepsake book prepared in Philadelphia for Anna and given to 
her during a visit to that city. It contains verse and prose, both original and 
selected from published works of various writers. Interspersed are twenty- 
two original watercolors and drawings of such places as Saratoga Lake, the 
Westtown School, Niagara Falls, William Penn's cottage, and birds and 
Document 23. 

244 Guide to the [Vmtcrlhur Ubranj 

918. Giirtler, F. 

Sales book. 1889-92. 

251 p.; 33 cm. 

F. Giirtler ran a seasonal business in Saratoga Springs, New York, where he 

sold and engraved glassware. 

Volume contains a daily record of seasonal sales from the late spring to the 

early autumn of each year from 1889 to 1892. Items sold include tumblers, 

mugs, goblets, medicine glasses, pitchers, and paperweights. 

Document 155. 

919. Gushart, Detrich. 

Account book and estate records. 1805-16. 
41 leaves; 34 cm. 

Detrich Gushart was probably a Pennsylvania German weaver. 
Manuscript documents Gushart's business transactions, farming activities, 
some personal expenses, and estate information. He sold cotton, wool, 
linen, and half-linen. Two manuscripts in another person's hand summa- 
rize the settlement of Gushart's estate. 
Document 1065. 

920. H. & G. Vail. 

Daybook and invoice book. 1810-12, 1814-24. 
2 vols.; 51 cm. or smaller. 

H. & G. Vail — perhaps Henry and George — ran a dry-goods store in Troy, 
New York. 

The daybook, dating from 1810 to 1812, records transactions with custom- 
ers; the invoice book, dating from 1814 to 1824, records what the Vails pur- 
chased, chiefly from New York City wholesalers, to stock the shelves of 
their store. The exchange of textiles and a variety of other products — 
artificial flowers, carpeting, and candles — are recorded in both volumes. 
Folio 93. 

921. H. M. Crawford & Co. 
Blotter. 1853-55. 

622 p.; 41 cm. 

H. M. Crawford & Co. was a Philadelphia-based firm that tanned and mer- 
chandised leather. 

Manuscript contains daily entries documenting the purchase and sale of 
skins and leather products. While most customers were from the Philadel- 
phia area, Crawford also served clients in Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, 
Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee. 
Folio 6. 

922. Hagen, Ernest, 1830-1913. 
Papers. 1881-1913, 1988. 

5 items + 1 microfilm reel. 

Doims Collection ami Archives 245 

Ernest Hagen, a native of Germany, was a furnituremaker from New York 
City. He worked for others until 1858, when he formed a partnership with 
J. Matthew Meier that lasted until about 1870. The focus of Hagen's busi- 
ness eventually changed from furnituremaking to selling antiques. His 
sons, Frederick and Henry, took over their father's business around 1905. 
Hagen studied the work of furnituremaker Duncan Phyfe. 
Papers include a draft of Hagen's semiautobiographical manuscript enti- 
tled "Personal Experience of an Old New York Cabinetmaker," notes on 
Duncan Phyfe, a photocopy of an article on Hagen that appeared in 1988, 
and microfilm copies of three of Hagen's order books. In addition to or- 
ders, the books include small sketches of furniture. 
Original order books located at the New York Historical Society. 
Collection 32. 

923. Hagenbuch, Christian, d. 1812. 
Building contract. 1783. 

2 sheets: ill.; 28 cm. 

Christian Hagenbuch was originally from Albany Township, Pennsylvania. 

In 1790 he and his wife, Susan, moved to Allen Township, Pennsylvania. 

He served in the French and Indian War and possibly in the Revolutionary 


Manuscript is a contract between Hagenbuch and Jacob Kratzer, specifying 

renovation work Kratzer was to do on Hagenbuch's house. The document 

includes precise written instructions as well as illustrations. 

Written in German. English translation available. 

Document 250. 

924. Haguenthal. 

La revue imperiale: grand defile des troupes de la garde et de la garnison 

de Paris devant I'empereur Napoleon III sur la place du carrousel. Ca. 


14 leaves: col. ill.; 19 cm. 

A hand-colored lithograph panorama showing a parade of French soldiers 

in the era of the reign of Napoleon III. Illustrations fold out in sequence. 

Written in French. 

Document 439. 

925. Hale, Samuel. 
Account book. 1764-72. 
12 leaves: ill.; 17 cm. 

Samuel Hale may have been a merchant working in and around Boston. 
Manuscript records Samuel Hale's purchases of such items as dry goods, 
japanned snuff boxes, ink, and "delph ware." Because he acquired items in 
such large quantities. Hale probably was a wholesaler who furnished prod- 
ucts to retail outlets. 
Document 1030. 

246 Guide to the Wiiiterthiir Library 

926. Hall, David, 1714-1872. 
Correspondence and business papers. 1745-72. 
2 microfilm reels. 

David Hall was a printer from Philadelphia and the father of David Hall 
(1755-1821), a printer and publisher who worked in Philadelphia and New 

Collection includes letter books, kept from 1750 to 1767, and ledgers, ac- 
count, and receipt books kept from 1745 to 1772, regarding Hall's printing 

Original manuscripts located at the American Philosophical Society. 
Microfilm M239-M240. 

927. Hall, Edwin. 
Account books. 1814-22. 
2 vols.; 40 cm. or smaller. 

Edwin Hall was a sawyer in Croyden, New Hampshire. 
Volume records Halls's business and financial transactions over a nine-year 
period. Tax records for 1815 are noted as well as travel to other New En- 
gland towns. 

Partial name index available in volume two. 
FoHo 127. 

928. Hall, Jeremiah A. 

Personal accounts manuscript. 1768-85. 
104 p.; 33 cm. 

Jeremiah A. Hall, whose signature appears twice in the volume, lived in or 
near Wallingford, Connecticut, and was a farmer. 
Manuscript contains debit and credit entries for accounts with a great 
number of people, many named Hall. Most of the entries describe agricul- 
tural work. 
Document 185. 

929. Hall, John. 

Account book. 1806-53. 
124 leaves; 42 cm. 

Four different series of financial records appear in these volumes. The first, 
dating from 1806 to 1810, is a daybook kept while in New Haven, Con- 
necticut. In it. Hall records the sale of paint and paint supplies, brandy, 
gold and silver leaf, and a variety of other products. In the second (also 
from New Haven), he records sales of a variety of alcoholic beverages and 
other items in 1813. The third, which begins "Old Book Beaught of Chester 
Mix, New Haven in the year 1819; Benjamin R. Hall, his Book Began 
Here," records the sale of agricultural commodities from 1819 to 1826. In 
the fourth volume, kept from 1841 to 1853, John Hall of Cheshire, Con- 

Dozens Collection and Archives 247 

necticut, records butchering, using a bull for stud services, and the births of 


Folio 19. 

930. Hall, Madclyn. 
Notebooks. 1920-21. 
7 vols.: ill.; cm. 

Madelyn Hall attended Miss lUman's School in eastern Pennsylvania. 
Books in the collection describe various handicrafts. There are volumes 
specifically dedicated to the arts of "Paper-Folding," "Paper Cutting," 
"Marquetry," "Sewing," and "Weaving." The other two volumes contain 
clippings, pressed flowers, sketches, and loose papers used for weaving. 
Collection 351. 

931. Hall, Pancoast & Craven. 
Letters. 1876. 

163 items. 

Hall, Pancoast & Craven was a glass bottle- and glass-mold manufacturing 

company located in Salem, New Jersey. 

This collection of business letters addressed to Hall, Pancoast & Craven 

documents customer business orders. The firm filled orders for bottles for 

bitters, varnish, soda, beer, oil, wine, pickles, ketchup, and other products. 

Most customers were retail firms based in Boston and New York. Hall, 

Pancoast & Craven owned a patent for imprinting letters into glass bottles 

and flasks. 

Collection 472. 

932. Hall, Samuel. 
Ledger. 1855-66. 
469 p.; 35 cm. 

Samuel Hall was a printer and the publisher of the Exeter Neivslelter in Exe- 
ter, New Hampshire. 

Ledger documents Hall's professional activities, including printing hand- 
bills, labels, catalogues, cards, and his newspaper. In addition. Hall did a 
substantial amount of printing work relating to the settlement of estates 
and sold books and stationery. 

Index of nearly two thousand customers and their places of residence ap- 
pears at front of ledger. 
Folio 121. 

933. Halsey, Henry. 

Debit ledger 1823-^1, bulk 1823-34. 

144 p.; 40 cm. 

Henry Halsey was a wagonmaker and carpenter, probably in Minisink, 

New York. 

Contains a list of debits for Halsey's work that were presumably later 

transferred to a ledger. His work included making wagons, wagon parts. 

248 Guide to the Winlcrtluir Librnty 

coffins, flour boxes, and tool handles; installing parts in wagons; and re- 
pairing tools and wagons. 
Folio 8. 

934. Halsey, Richard Townley Haines, 1865-1942. 
Research papers. 1901-42. 

21 boxes. 

R. T. H. Halsey graduated from Princeton College in 1886. He worked on 
the New York Stock Exchange from 1899 to 1923 and then retired. In retire- 
ment, he devoted much time to the development and improvement of the 
American Wing of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, of 
which he was a trustee. He was an avid collector of Americana and the 
author of many articles about American decorative arts. 
Papers consist of research material used in Halsey's addresses and articles, 
including photographs, notecards, pamphlets, and some correspondence. 
Halsey recorded his thoughts on a broad range of topics, from various as- 
pects of decorative arts and architecture to political and social history. Also 
included are the recollections of Ernest Hagen, a New York City furniture- 

Papers used in: "R. T. H. Halsey: An Ideology of Collecting American Dec- 
orative Arts," by Wendy Kaplan (Master's thesis. University of Delaware, 

Folder title listing available. 
Collection 56. 

935. Hamilton, James, 1710-83. 

Servants and apprentices bound and assigned before James Hamilton, 
mayor of Philadelphia. 1745-46. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Over the course of his career, Hamilton served as the mayor of Philadel- 
phia and later as the lieutenant governor of Pennsylvania. 
Includes records of the certification of indentures of servants and appren- 
tices in Philadelphia for a two-year period. 
Index of names, trades, and professions available on the reel. 
Microfilm M95. 

936. Hamilton, Lucy. d. 1843. 

Accounts with the estate of Lucy Hamilton. 1840-44. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Lucy Hamilton lived in New England. A widow at the time of her death, 
she may have once been married to a Col. Amos Hamilton. 
Volume was originally kept to record family purchases from 1840 tol843 
and was later used to note the division of Hamilton's estate. The manu- 
script provides an inventory of her dwelling and personal possessions. 
Document 437. 

Dmims Collection and Archives 249 

937. Hamilton & Hood. 

Financial documents. 1812-32. 
41 items. 

Hamilton & Hood was a Philadelphia-based firm of merchants. 
Collection includes a variety of financial documents recording purchases 
made by Hamilton & Hood for later resale or shipment. Products include 
soap, bed cords, brushes, nails, and bottles. Many of the orders in the col- 
lection were placed by Samuel G. Osborn for food and drink. The packet 
Smyrna was often used for shipments to Delaware and Maryland. 
Document 315. 

938. Hammer, Frederick, 1753-1818. 
Letter book. 1801-6. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Frederick Hammer was a merchant who traded goods between Baltimore 
and Germany. 

Letters, many written in German, relate to the importation of glassware 
and other items as well as the collection of debts. 
Original materials located at the Maryland Historical Society. 
Microfilm M952. 

939. Hammett, George W. 
Bills. 1873-76. 
31 items: ill.; 26 cm. 

George W. Hammett lived at 24 Arrow Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 
This collection of bills is for such household goods as mattresses, pillows, 
bolsters, tablecloths, napkins, doilies, tableware, coffeepots, jelly molds, 
and a washing machine. Records of services procured, including upholster- 
ing chairs and sofas and making blue Holland shades, lace curtains, car- 
pets, and oil cloths, are also included. Some bills show vignettes of stoves, 
crockery, and furniture. 
Collection 434. 

940. Hamtramck, John F. 
Papers. 1799-1800. 
1 microfilm reel. 

John Hamtramck was a glassmaker from Pittsburgh. 
Includes letters and claims of indebtedness having to do with glassware as 
well as other business papers. 
Name index available. 

Original materials located at the Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Pub- 
lic Library. 
Microfilm M301.1. 

250 Guide to the Winterlhur Library 

941. Handkerchief. 1952 

1 item: ill.; 32 x 31 cm. 

This printed souvenir handkerchief from Winterthur, Switzerland, depicts 

various scenes specific to the city, including the technical school, a garden 

hotel, and a church. 

Folio 47. 

942. Hann, Jonathan J., d. 1826. 
Vendue book. 1826. 

24 p.; 19 cm. 

Jonathan J. Hann was a resident of Bridgeton, New Jersey, at the time of 

his death. 

Manuscript contains the record of an auction held when Hann's estate was 

sold and includes a list of articles sold, the names of buyers, and prices 

paid for the goods. 

Document 328. 

943. Hanna, Jas. 
Composition book. 1853-4. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 19 cm. 

Jas. Hanna, a student, lived in Galveston, Indiana. 

Book contains compositions, mostly written by Hanna, along with songs, 

poetry, and watercolor drawings. Many writings are of a sentimental and 

religious nature. A few make reference to temperance. 

Inscription reads: "Cornelia Osborn's Book, presented as a present by Jas. 


Document 398. 

944. Hanover Debating Club. 
Minutes. 1856-60. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Contains membership rosters, organizing documents, the club's preamble 

and constitution, and meeting minutes for a debating club from Hanover, 


Original manuscript located at the Hanover, Pennsylvania, public library. 

Microfilm M2988. 

945. Hanson, James B. 
Account book. 1847-59. 
1 vol.; 39 cm. 

James B. Hanson worked as a joiner in Belfast, Maine. 
Included in this account book are records related to joinery and carpentry 
performed by Hanson. He built houses, painted, set window glass, made 
frames for windows and doors, and repaired shelves. A few household rec- 
ipes for health remedies and such things as making cement for mending 
broken earthenware are included. 
Folio 168. 

Downs Collection and Archives 251 

946. Hardy, Edwin Noah, 1861-1950. 
Papers. 1883-1915. 

2 vols. 

Edwin Noah Hardy was a clergyman and historian. He graduated from 
Amherst College in 1887, the Hartford Theological Seminary in 1890, and 
received a Ph.D. from Harvard in 1906. Hardy served Congregational pas- 
torates in Massachusetts and Illinois and was an officer in the Anti-Saloon 
League. He then held various posts with the American Tract Society. 
Papers consist of two diaries, letters, and ephemera. The diaries document 
Hardy's year at Keene High School in 1883 and a trip that he took in 1915 
from La Grange, Illinois, to several western states. On this trip Hardy vis- 
ited the Panama Pacific Exposition in San Francisco and the Panama Cali- 
fornia Exposition in San Diego. Before setting out for home through Can- 
ada, he sailed northward along the Pacific coast. Letters relate to his career. 
Document 619. 

947. Harper, E. B., 1824-? 
Diary. 1845. 

79 p.; 27 cm. 

E. B. Harper was born in Maine, graduated from Dartmouth College, and 

then resided in New York City. He also spent considerable time in Albany, 

New York, and perhaps maintained a residence there. 

While the bulk of this diary contains original poetry and quotations copied 

from other authors. Harper devoted some pages to observations of New 

York street life, especially on Broadway, and ruminations on life. 

Document 558. 

948. Harris, Jonathan. 
Family expenses. 1808-12. 
4 vols. 

Jonathan Harris was a merchant in Boston. He may have owned commer- 
cial property that he rented to local craftsmen as well. 

Volumes list household expenses for the Harris family. In addition there are 
remarks about whitewashing a bakery, building a cooper's shop, advertis- 
ing, paying domestic help, and collecting rents. Harris also listed dividends 
he received from various bridge companies. 
Document 381. 

949. Harris, Kate S. 

Fabric scrapbooks. Ca. 1880-90. 

4 vols.; 57 cm. or smaller. 

Each of the four volumes contains large fabric swatches sewn onto their 

pages. The origin and approximate ages of many swatches are given in 

handwritten notations: "Painted Muslin from Mary Griscom about 75 years 

252 Guide to tlw Wititcrthur Library 

old," "Homemade Linen check belonged to Lydia Harris who died in 
1843," "Bought at auction 40 years ago by Susan Denn for 7 cents a yard," 
Anna Powell's wedding dress, married Waddington B. Ridgway 2nd 
month 8th 1859," etc. One volume contains several ribbons from the 
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition, held in New Orleans, 
Louisiana, in 1884-85. 
Collection 50. 

950. Harris & Brown. 
Correspondence. 1840-51. 
3 folders. 

Harris & Brown were hardware and iron merchants from New London, 

Correspondence is between Harris & Brown and various New York City 
importers, dealers, and manufacturers regarding the firm's orders for hard- 
ware products and hand tools. 
Collection 511. 

951. Harrison, Alfred Craven, 1910-73. 
Papers. 1938-73. 

2 boxes. 

Alfred Craven Harrison was an attorney in New York City. He attended St. 
Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire, and graduated from Harvard 
in 1936. Harrison served as a lieutenant commander in the United States 
Navy during World War II. In 1938 he married PauHne Louise du Pont, 
daughter of Henry Francis du Pont, the founder of Winterthur Museum. 
Harrison was a trustee of Winterthur from 1949 to 1973, and he became its 
vice president in 1951. 

Consists of correspondence, corporate records, and private papers of a so- 
cial nature that reflect Harrison's personal activities, his involvement in the 
Winterthur Corporation, the estates of his in-laws, and rental matters re- 
garding a Park Avenue apartment in New York City. 
Finding aid available. 
Archives 1. 

952. Hartford tax lists. 1792-1817. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Reel includes tax lists for Hartford, Connecticut, and records for nearby 
Wethersfield, East Hartford, and West Hartford. 
Original records located at the Connecticut Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2983. 

953. Harwood, Diadama. 
Account book. 1823-25. 
14 p.; 22 cm. 

Diadama Harwood was a dressmaker. 

Doiviis Collection and Archives 253 

Contains records of Harwood's sewing activities. She produced hoods, 
frocks, coats, and other garments and recorded details associated with pro- 
ducing garments, such as basting and cutting. Manuscript also notes the 
fabrics that she purchased to make clothing. 
Document 568. 

954. Haskell, John, 1786-1827. 
Papers. 1818-25. 

1 box: col. ill. 

John Haskell was a native of Gloucester, Massachusetts, and a sea captain 
engaged in commerce with China and the East Indies. Haskell died at sea 
while returning to America from a voyage to India. 
Papers include bound volumes and individual manuscripts describing 
some of Haskell's trips and include financial accounts and records of cargo. 
Also included are details of voyages of the schooner Betsey in 1811, the 
ship Canton from 1816 to 1822, the ship Opiielia from 1823 to 1824, and the 
brig Diixhxiry from 1824 to 1825. Papers feature paintings of Chinese sailing 
vessels and a journal of a round trip voyage by W. Gilbert to Liverpool, 
England, from Boston in 1799 and 1800. 
Collection 7. 

955. Haskell, Micah. 
Account book. 1781-97. 
58 p.; 44 cm. 

Micah Haskell worked as a tailor in Rochester, Massachusetts. 

Manuscript records Haskell's tailoring activities and mentions the many 

types of clothing he worked on, including jackets, cloaks, waistcoats, 

breeches, and great coats. 

Bound with Nathaniel Clapp's account book; see entry 419. 

Index of customer's names at front of account book. 

Folio 107. 

956. Haskell & Chapin. 

Account book. 1860-62, 1911-12. 

149 p., 34 cm. 

H. G. Haskell and a man named Chapin operated a sawmill in Grafton, 


The partners sawed items such as saltbox rims, hemlock boards, bedstead 

slats, and scantling. During the twentieth century, the volume was used to 

document accounts that refer to eggs and poultry. 

Document 576. 

957. Hastings, Jonathan, 1751-1831. 
Receipt book. 1766, 1775-87. 
106 leaves; 21 cm. 

254 Guide to the Wiiiterlliur Library 

Jonathan Hastings was the first son of Jonathan and Elizabeth Cotton Has- 
tings of Cambridge, Massachusetts. He graduated from Harvard in 1768 
and was appointed postmaster of Boston upon the resignation of James 
Winthrop in 1775. He served in this post until 1808. Hastings married 
Christina Wainwright in 1780, and they had six children. 
Receipt book contains references to furniture sold to Hastings by Nehe- 
miah Munroe, boots, glass bottles, shingles, paper hangings, books, and 
other commodities. Also included are payments to post riders, accounts of 
post office business, and exercises in arithmetic and geometry. 
Document 11. 

958. Hat manufacturing notes. Ca. 1900. 
12 leaves; 33 cm. 

This unattributed manuscript describes the technical processes of making 
felt, wool, and silk hats. There is some discussion of the types of furs avail- 
able to hatters and the methods used for repairing hats. Included is a chart 
of the "action of various solvents on various stiffening agents" and a list of 
those agents. 
Document 1010. 

959. Hatch, John Davis, 1907-? 
Collection. 1801-<a. 1950. 
1 box + 4 vols. 

John Davis Hatch of Lenox, Massachusetts, was an art historian, collector, 
and art consultant. Among the posts he held during his working years was 
the directorship of the Norfolk Museum in Virginia. 

Collection includes letters, sketches, research notes, and miscellaneous doc- 
uments by and about American artists. Most of the letters were written by 
artists, discussing their own work and the work of others. Sketches by such 
luminaries as Thomas Nast are included in the collection. Research notes 
contain information about William S. Mount; miscellaneous items feature a 
receipt to John Trumbull. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 331. 

960. Hathaway, J. T. 

Account book. 1855-61, 1889-93. 

314 p.; 22 cm. 

J. T. Hathaway was a book and job printer in Fair Haven, Connecticut, 

where he published the Fair Haven Tribune. He later moved to nearby New 

Haven, Connecticut. 

Manuscript contains records of the transactions relating to Hathaway's 

business, including a summary of his job printing, notes on advertising 

(presumably to be printed in his newspaper), and a record of products that 

he purchased to operate his business. Examples of Hathaway's work are 

laid in. 

Document 472. 

Downs Collection and Archh>es 255 

961. Haun, Reuben. 
Account book. 1843-54. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

Reuben Haun was a shoemaker in Northampton County, Pennsylvania. 
Book records Haun's activities making and repairing footwear over a 
twelve-year period. 
Includes name index. 
Folio 202. 

962. Hautmann, Heinrich. 
CalculaHonsbuch. 1 8007-1849? 
71 p.: ill.; 33 cm. 

This manuscript, written in German Fraktur script, contains directions for 
preparing looms to weave thirty-three textile patterns. Small swatches of 
each of the patterns and additional, larger samples are included. Calcula- 
tions of costs involved are noted. 
Collection 50. 

963. Haven, David. 
Account book. 1786-1825. 
1 vol.; 23 X 17 cm. 

David and Abner Haven were furnituremakers in Framingham, Massachu- 

The first part of the account book records David Haven's work making and 
repairing furniture and working for other craftsmen. Some entries, which 
apparently refer to the work of Abner Haven, pertain to weaving and spin- 

Name indexes available. 
Document 600; Microfilm M2426. 

964. Hawks, Archie McLean, ca. 1866-1947. 
Papers. 1892, 1943-47. 

1 box. 

Archie McLean Hawks was the uncle of Ruth Wales du Pont, who married 
Winterthur founder Henry Francis du Pont. 

Papers contain personal correspondence, postcards, notecards, and tele- 
grams. Hawks's original manuscript, titled "Enchantment," describes a 
train trip that he took in 1870 from St. Louis to Bristol, Rhode Island. 
Finding aid available. 
Archives 2. 

965. Hawks, Gertrude Holmes, 1829-1918. 
Papers. 1850-1919. 

2 boxes. 

256 Guide to the Winterthur Lihrniy 

Gertrude Holmes Hawks married Francis L. Hawks. Her granddaughter 

was Ruth Wales du Pont, wife of Winterthur founder Henry Francis du 


Includes correspondence, a will, photographs, and personal papers. 

Finding aid available. 

Archives 3. 

966. Hawthorn & Kerr. 
Accounts. 1796-1803. 
11 items. 

Hawthorn & Kerr, which most often worked with the Dublin-based firm of 
Lang & Hawthorn, were cotton brokers and general merchants in Philadel- 
phia. Although the partnership dissolved in 1797, the business continued 
under the guidance of Thomas Hawthorn until 1811. 
Accounts relate to dry goods marketed by the partnership: Irish linen, 
thread, lamp muslin aprons, silk, ribbons, Norwich shawls, gloves, etc. 
Document 314. 

967. Hayward, Ambrose. 
Account book. 1733-52. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Ambrose Hayward was a joiner and carpenter from England. 

Hayward joined and turned, built shelves, sawed, mended plows, made 

gates, fixed stairs, and made house repairs. Agricultural work is mentioned 

as well. 

Document 505; Microfilm M2707. 

968. Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817. 
Journal. 1777-78. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Ebenezer Hazard, a native of Philadelphia, was an editor of historical 

records and an early United States postmaster general. 

Hazard's manuscript describes a trip that he took through the Carolinas, 

mentioning textiles, modes of transportation, tools, machinery, agriculture, 

and buildings. Hazard passed through Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, 

and Virginia on his journey. 

Alphabetical name index available. 

Original journal at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Microfilm M252. 

969. Heald, Jacob. 
Exercise book. Ca. 1820s. 
1 vol.; 26 cm. 

Jacob Heald taught at the Friend's School in Wilmington, Delaware, and at 
one time was a member of a local school board. 

Doums CoUectioii mid Archives 257 

Exercise book contains examples of mathematical problems. The paper 
used for the manuscript was made in Wilmington in 1819, suggesting that 
Heald may have used the volume during the 1820s. 
Document 414. 

970. Heath, A. J. 
Daybook. 1837-51. 
1 vol.; 45 cm. 

A. J. Heath was a carpenter and house builder from Essex County, Massa- 

In addition to building houses. Heath made window frames and sashes, 
doors and door frames, sinks, and hog pens. He recorded his purchases of 
lumber and other supplies. 
Folio 232. 

971. Heath, Nathaniel, 1745-1829. 
Memorandum and account books. 1767-ca. 1821. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Nathaniel Heath was from Barrington, Rhode Island, and worked as a car- 
penter and furnituremaker. 

Memorandum book contains information on the Heath family. Account 
book documents both carpentry and furnituremaking and provides infor- 
mation on Heath's general domestic purchases. 

Original manuscripts located at the library of the Rhode Island Historical 
Society, which retains publication rights. 
Microfilm M2858.8-.9. 

972. Hedges, Dennis. 
Account book. 1822-32. 
364 p.; 33 cm. 

Dennis and Joseph Hedges were blacksmiths, wheelwrights, and wagon- 
makers in Westfield, Massachusetts. 

Manuscript summarizes the Hedgeses' work mending andirons and wagon 
wheels, making a variety of metalware and tools, crafting brass kettles, and 
constructing iron sleighs. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 557. 

973. Heely, Emma A. 

Paintings copied from engraving. Ca. 1847. 
45 leaves: ill.; 30 cm. 

Emma A. Heely was a watercolorist and teacher at the Orphan Asylum in 
Albany, New York. In 1846 she received a diploma from the American In- 
stitute for her watercolor paintings of flowers. The following year she ex- 
hibited a book of paintings at the Institute. 

258 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Library 

Consists of two title pages and forty-three monochrome paintings that de- 
pict a variety of subjects, including homes of American presidents, children 
with animals, women in distress, and river scenes. This may have been the 
volume Heely exhibited in 1847 at the American Institute. 
Document 140. 

974. Helm, James C 
Price book. 1838. 
117 p.; 20 cm. 

James C. Helm was a furnituremaker, possibly from Philadelphia. Evidence 
suggests that he was a member of a guild or journeyman's association and 
may have been in business with Frank Helm, probably a relative. 
Book records the prices charged by Helm in accordance with an agreement 
made with a journeyman's association. Prices were designated for a variety 
of types of furniture including chairs, settees, tables, bureaus, beds, cup- 
boards, sofas, sideboards, washstands, and bookcases. Extra fees were 
charged for veneering and carving and for using glass, fancy moldings and 
feet, and expensive woods. 
Document 1041. 

975. Henchman, Daniel. 
Account book. 1712-29. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Daniel Henchman was involved in retail trade in Boston. Although the 
book has been attributed to him, evidence suggests that it was maintained 
by Thomas Henchman. 

Accounts are for such items as quills, almanacs, books, food, clothing, and 
writing materials. 

Name index and occupation list available. 

Original manuscript located at the New England Historic and Genealogical 
Society after having been transferred from the Hancock Papers, Baker Li- 
brary, Harvard University. 
Microfilm M1966.2. 

976. Henderson, W. P 
Daybook. 1872-73. 
375 p.; 35 cm. 

W. P. Henderson was a carpenter who manufactured sashes, blinds, win- 
dow frames, doors, and moldings in Philadelphia. 
Entries in this daybook describe the architectural woodwork created by 
Henderson, including the sizes of pieces, the types of wood used, and 
prices charged. The names of customers are recorded as well. 
Folio 273. 

977. Henderson-Pownall family papers. 1788-1894. 
1 box. 

Doivm Collection and Archives 259 

The Hendersons and Pownalls were interconnected Quaker families in 
Lancaster and Chester counties, Pennsylvania. 

Most of this collection consists of invitations to dine and visiting cards re- 
ceived, primarily by sisters Eliza and Hannah Henderson. Family letters 
and documents settling the estate of Hannah E. Henderson are also in- 
Collection 48. 

978. Hennekin, Simon. 

Upwards of four hundred different coats of arms. 1766. 

1 vol.: ill.; 23 cm. 

Simon Hennekin was a carver and gilder from London who studied coats 

of arms as an avocation. 

Consists of more than four hundred ink drawings of coats of arms, each 

bearing a family name and their place of residence in England. 

Includes name index. 

Document 631. 

979. Henning, James G. 
Invoices. 1877-1909. 
31 items. 

James G. Henning lived on West Cary Street in Richmond, Virginia. 
Invoices document expenses associated with various kinds of renovations 
performed on properties at 2, 6, 11, and 12 West Cary Street, Richmond. 
Work included interior and exterior painting, tinning and slating roofs, 
plumbing, repairing furnaces, brickworking, wallpapering, making struc- 
tural repairs, and replacing decorative woodwork. 
Collection 377. 

980. Henry W. Green & Co. 
Sample book. 1912. 

71 p.; 11 x 18 cm. 

Henry W. Green & Co. made window shades in Philadelphia. 

Book contains samples of "the wide awake best heavy cambric shade 

cloth" shades in a variety of colors made by Green. 

Document 365. 

981. Henshaw, Philip T. 
Account book. 1817-29. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Philip T. Henshaw and his family lived in Jefferson County, Kentucky. 
Manuscript chronicles more than a decade's worth of domestic purchases 
of Philip T., James, and Sarah Ann Henshaw. Included among the records 
is a list of furniture that was to be made by Ezra Barrick. 
Document 417. 

260 Guide to the Wiiitertlittr Library 

982. Herbst, Mary E. T. 

Needlepoint patterns and instructions. Ca. 1870-1940. 

I box: ill. (some col.) 

Consists of hand-painted floral woolwork patterns and published material 
relating to needle and other fancywork, including cross-stitch designs, in- 
structions for edging, directions for making knots and braids, and manuals 
for fancywork and stitching. 
Collection 147. 

983. Herman N. Hull & Co. 
Account book. 1836-46. 
10 p.; 42 cm. 

Herman N. and Philander Hull were turners in Clinton, Connecticut. 
Book records both domestic and business accounts for the Hulls, from 
turning tool handles to buying food, and from sawing shingles to purchas- 
ing slippers. 
Folio 183. 

984. Herter Brothers. 

Records. 1891-1907, bulk 1901-8. 

II cu. ft. 

This company, founded in 1865 by brothers Gustave and Christian Herter, 
quickly became one of New York City's leading interior design houses and 
furnituremakers. Herter Brothers decorated many of New York's finest 
homes and businesses as well as other places throughout the United States. 
In 1870 Christian bought out Gustave, who then returned to his native Ger- 
many. In 1881 Christian retired from the business and moved to Paris. The 
company they had established operated into the twentieth century. Its cli- 
ents included the Armour, Guggenheim, McCormack, and Vanderbilt fami- 
lies. The firm also worked on Minnesota's state capitol and the White 

Collection of business papers was created when William Gilman Nichols 
served as president of Herter Brothers. Included are general accounts, pur- 
chase and sales records, letters, bills, time books, and foreign and domestic 

Folder title list available. 
Collection 93. 

985. Hess, Hilda Haines, 1846-1921. 
Postcards. Ca. 1912-15. 

305 items: ill. 

Hilda Bryant Haines was born in Cambridge, Maryland, and died in Ard- 
more, Pennsylvania. In 1875 she married Joseph Hoffman Hess. 
Collection consists of postcards sent to Hilda Hess from the British Isles, 
Canada, and throughout the United States. Views of steamships, cities and 
towns, architecture, monuments, and railroads are featured. 

Downs Collection and Archives 261 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 274. 

986. Hewitt, John, 1777-1857. 
Business papers. 1801-13. 
1 box + 1 microfilm reel. 

John Hewitt was a furnituremaker and merchant. He was born in Stafford- 
shire, England. After he came to the United States in 1796, Hewitt found 
employment as a drafter and patternmaker at the Schuyler Foundry, Sec- 
ond River, New Jersey. By 1800 he had turned to furnituremaking, estab- 
lishing his own business in New York City. He worked with Benjamin An- 
sley for a time and was also in a firm called Hewitt & Mandeville. Much of 
his business consisted of making or acquiring furniture in New Jersey and 
New York and selling it in Savannah, Georgia. He consciously imitated the 
style of furnituremaker Duncan Phyfe. Hewitt supplemented his income by 
jobbing lumber and making wheels and parts for cotton gins. 
Collection includes seven letters written by Hewitt to Matt Bruen, a fellow 
furnituremaker and merchant, regarding furniture he had ordered, and 
Hewitt's account book. The microfilmed account book features invoices, 
shipping records, sketches of furniture, and other information about Hew- 
itt's work. 

Photographs of furniture made by Hewitt in the Decorative Arts Photo- 
graphic Collection, Winterthur Library. 

Manuscript account book located at the New Jersey Historical Society. 
Other John Hewitt papers located at the Cooper Union Library. 
Collection 354; Microfilm M491. 

987. Hewlett, Oliver. 

Account and exercise book. 1803-5. 

23 p.; 35 cm. 

Oliver Hewlett lived in Hempstead, New York. 

Manuscript includes eleven pages of accounts for what appears to have 

been a general store and twelve pages of mathematical exercises involving 

weights and measures, currency, and interest. 

Document 868. 

988. Hewlett, Richard. 
Copybook. 1767. 
58 leaves; 16 cm. 

Richard Hewlett was a student when he compiled this manuscript. He may 

have lived in Queens County, New York. 

In this manuscript, which served as a copybook or commonplace book, 

Hewlett copied poetry, riddles, bonds, indentures, hymn texts, promissory 

notes, scriptures, medicinal recipes, and prayers. 

Document 1071. 

262 Guide to the Wiiitertluir Library 

989. Hews, Abraham. 
Account book. 1780-1813. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Abraham Hews was a potter in Weston, Massachusetts. 
Manuscript combines Hews's craft activities with his personal records. Ac- 
counts for such items as animals, building materials, food, plants, lighting 
equipment, and pottery are noted. 

Original manuscript located at Baker Library, Harvard University. 
Microfilm M1964.3. 

990. Hewson family. 
Papers. 1767-1839. 
1 folder. 

John Hewson, his first wife, Mary, and their four oldest children emigrated 
from England to Philadelphia in 1773 or 1774. Hewson was a calico printer 
in Kensington, a section of Philadelphia. 

Papers include two leaves from the Hewson family Bible, John Hewson's 
will and estate papers, and other family records. Hewson's will includes a 
list of materials used in calico printing as well as notes regarding many 
household possessions. 
Collection 203. 

991. Heywood Bros. & Co. 
Records. 1851-53, 1881. 
12 items: ill. 

Brothers Walter, Levi, and Benjamin Heywood were furnituremakers and 
sellers who began their careers in Gardner, Massachusetts, around 1830. 
Eventually the brothers formalized a partnership under Levi's direction 
and opened a store in Boston. Taking advantage of railroad transportation, 
the business flourished over the next decades, allowing them to open ware- 
houses in Chicago, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and San Francisco. In the mid- 
1870s the firm started to make rattan furniture. In 1897 Heywood Bros. & 
Co. merged with its chief rival to form the Heywood & Morrill Rattan Co. 
By 1921 the business was called the Hey wood- Wakefield Co. 
Records include documents relating to the shipping of chairs by Levi Hey- 
wood, specifications for making a chair, and three proof plates for one of 
the firm's trade catalogues. 
Collection 238. 

992. Hiester, Joseph, 1752-1832. 
Daybook. 1796. 

45 leaves; 42 cm. 

Joseph Hiester was a merchant, soldier, and politician from Pennsylvania. 
His parents were German immigrants, and as a youth he worked as a clerk 
in a general store in Reading. Hiester served in the Revolutionary War and 

Dmms CoUection ami Archwes 263 

was a member of Pennsylvania's state legislature and the U.S. House of 
Representatives. From 1820 to 1823, he served as his state's governor. Hies- 
ter operated a general store at intervals throughout his career. 
Daybook documents Hiester's business transactions in his general store in 
Catawissa, Pennsylvania. He sold the kinds of goods found in a country 
general store: food, liquor, hardware, household supplies, fabric, clothing, 
cups and saucers, and tobacco. 
Folio 64. 

993. Higgins, Thomas. 
Account books. 1855-77. 

2 vols.; 20 cm. 

Thomas Higgins, a New Castle County, Delaware, resident, kept these vol- 
umes to maintain a record of his personal finances and to make notes 
about his agricultural pursuits. He recorded such activities as selling farm 
produce and poultry products, harvesting hay, shearing sheep, planting 
clover seed, reaping, and hauling. 
Document 730. 

994. High, Martin R. 
Cyphering book. 1832-33. 
1 vol.; 37 cm. 

Martin R. High attended the Trapp School in Upper Providence Township, 


Book contains mathematical rules and exercises for roots, fractions, and 

trigonometry. An insert that provides a sample of how to keep a ledger is 

also included. 

Document 685. 

995. Hill, Amelia Leavitt, d. 1962. 
Papers, 1761-1959. 

3 boxes: ill. (some col.); 26 cm. 

Amelia Leavitt Hill was a decorative arts scholar who was interested in 
French craft traditions and French cabinetmakers living in North America. 
She studied French furnituremakers in Canada and French influences on 
the work of Louisiana cabinetmakers. 

Papers consist of primary sources referring to nineteenth-century shipping 
in Portsmouth, New Hampshire; research notes; typescripts; and photo- 
Collection 399. 

996. Hill, Hiram. 
Account book. 1845-55. 
266 p.; 34 cm. 

264 Guide to lite Wiiitertliiir Library 

Hiram Hill resided in Williamsburg, Massachusetts, and ran a sawmill. He 

made boards, slab wood, scantling, and shingles. Hill seems to have used 

hemlock for many of his products. 

Entries record Hill's activities as a sawyer for a decade; however, most of 

the entries were made before 1850. The manuscript also notes insurance 

payments and employee pay records. 

Document 159. 

997. Hill, Jonathan. 
Account book. 1706-9. 
1 vol.; 15 cm. 

Jonathan Hill was a sawyer perhaps from Middlesex County, Massachu- 

Volume includes accounts for boards, timber, and planks sawn by Hill for 
various customers. Bound in the volume are the first eight leaves of Samuel 
Clough's Kalendnriu7n Nov-Atiglicmui;or, An Ahmimck for 1706. 
Document 851 . 

998. Himes & Gillett. 
Daybook. 1847. 

1 vol.; 43 cm. 

Himes & Gillett operated a woodworking shop in Oswego, New York. The 
partnership was dissolved by mutual consent on August 17, 1847. 
Manuscript notes the activities of woodworkers and furnituremakers. 
Among the furniture forms represented are beds, tables, stands, bureaus, 
and wardrobes. Himes & Gillett also made coffins, turned wood, fixed 
gates, and repaired various wooden objects. 
Index of names, objects, and occupations available. 
Folio 250. 

999. Hirst, R. M. 

A short account of the founding of the silver & plate establishments in 
Sheffield. 1832. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Describes the silver-plating industry in Sheffield, England, with histories of 
the firms producing silverplated goods. Illustrations accompany text. 
Reel also contains a diary of William Elmsall of Thornhill, an attorney, 
maintained from 1708 to 1740; a book of South Yorkshire parish maps; and 
an account book for Staveley ironworks, maintained from 1784 to 1806. 
Original material located at the Sheffield, England, Archives. 
Microfilm M2950. 

1000. Hogarth, William, 1697-1764. 
Scrapbook. Ca. 1750-1820. 
92 p.; 28 cm. 

Doums Collection and Archives 265 

William Hogarth is reputed to be the first great English-born painter and 
engraver. He is especially famous for his moral and satirical works. 
Scrapbook includes clippings and engravings by Hogarth and other En- 
glish artists depicting political caricatures, portraits, and places. The vol- 
ume bears the bookplate of someone named Robert Browning who, if not 
the compiler, was at least a former owner of the volume. 
Finding aid available. 
Folio 155. 

1001. Holcomb, George D. 
Ledger. 1814^7. 

43 leaves; 33 cm. 

George D. Holcomb worked in and around Stephentown, New York, as a 

farmer and general laborer. 

Entries indicate that Holcomb worked as a handyman and farm worker in 

exchange for goods and services, such as tailoring or shoe repair. 

Document 1038. 

1002. Holden, Frederick Augustus. 
Account book. 1833-34, 1840^1. 
1 vol.: ill.; 33 cm. 

Frederick Augustus Holden was a merchant dealing in buttons and other 
clothing accessories in New York City. 

Manuscript details what Holden sold in his store: various kinds of buttons, 
finger rings, ribbons, chains, beads, and medals. He sold to other mercan- 
tile firms, retailers, dressmakers, and tailors. He often offered discounts to 
those who purchased in bulk. In later years, the volume was used as a 
scrapbook, and items were pasted over some of Holden's original entries. 
Document 426. 

1003. Holdren, Jonathan. 
Letter book. 1870-72. 
71 p.; 25 cm. 

Jonathan Holdren taught school in Padua, Illinois. 

Manuscript records the correspondence between Holdren and Delia Mott, a 
teenage student from Bloomington, Illinois, during their courtship and en- 
gagement. The letters discuss family and friends, school and church events, 
and picnics. Also included are a number of short poems written by Hol- 
dren to Delia. 
Document 996. 

1004. Holland, Henry, 1745-1806. 
Architectural drawings. 

1 microfilm reel. 

266 Guide In the Wintcrlltiir Library 

Henry Holland was a British architect who was recognized for his work in 

the Greco-Roman style. He was active from 1763 until his death more than 

forty years later. 

Drawings were taken from Holland's office and are attributed to him. 

Sketches feature buildings, furnishings, pilasters, mantels, and ornament, 

much of which is identified. 

Original drawings located at the University of Delaware. 

Microfilm M663. 

1005. Hollis, Samuel. 
Account book. 1769-72. 
14 p.; 16 cm. 

Samuel Hollis was a shoemaker, probably from Massachusetts. 

Book includes records of transactions associated with making and repairing 

shoes. Agricultural pursuits are also recorded. 

Document 915. 

1006. Hollond, Charles, d. 1831. 
Receipt book. 1831-44. 

1 vol.: 17 X 11 cm. 

Charles Hollond lived in Philadelphia. 

Records particulars associated with the settlement of Hollond's estate. 

Many of the receipt book's entries document household belongings and 

wages paid to domestic help. 

Document 535. 

1007. Holmes, Alexander. 
Estate records. 1840-43. 
5 vols.; 32 cm. 

Alexander Holmes was an assignee, responsible for overseeing the sales of 
insolvent debtor's estates and for paying creditors. He worked in Kingston, 

Manuscripts record the settlement of estates of Timothy and Osmond A. 
French and of Elisha Brewster. Inventories of both estates were compiled 
and their contents sold. Names of individuals who made purchases and 
prices paid for all items are included. 
Document 309. 

1008. Holmes, J. R. 
Papers. 1852-86. 
56 items: ill. 

J. R. Holmes was a carriagemaker who worked in MacGrawville, New 

Collection of papers relates to Holmes's carriagemaking activities. Items in- 
clude bills, letters, advertisements, a transfer of patent, and a contract for 

Downs Collection and Archhfes 267 

the construction of a carriage. Holmes seems to have manufactured car- 
riages according to the specifications of his clients. 
Collection 508. 

1009. Holmes, Jonathan. 
Ledger. 1749-54. 
242 p.; 40 cm. 

Jonathan Holmes was a merchant from New York City. 
Holmes sold a variety of products, including textiles, glassware, furniture, 
kitchen utensils, hardware, metalware, and prints. Holmes did considerable 
business with Providence and Newport, Rhode Island, merchants and par- 
ticipated in venture trading in the West Indies and Virginia. He frequently 
listed the occupations of his customers. 
Folio 158. 

1010. Holmes, Joseph. 
Account books. 1728-66. 
4 vols.; 31 cm. 

Joseph Holmes operated an iron forge in Kingston, Massachusetts, where 
he was also instrumental in founding a school. Another forge operated by 
the Holmes family during the early nineteenth century specialized in mak- 
ing anchors. 

Volume documents the finances of the ironworks. It was common for indi- 
viduals to receive credit for coal, oak, and pine brought to the furnace. 
Document 342. 

1011. Holmes, Nathaniel. 
Account book. 1805^1. 
160 p.; 33 cm. 

Nathaniel Holmes was a painter in Barnstable, Massachusetts. 

Contains accounts for a wide variety of items and activities, including 

painting, paint grinding, papering, puttying, cutting and setting windows, 

carting, painting and lettering ships and signs, and making and setting 


Indexes of names and objects mentioned available. 

Document 188. 

1012. Holmes, Nathaniel, fl. 1794-1813. 
Account books. 1794-97, 1801-13. 
2 vols.; 31 cm. 

Nathaniel Holmes built houses in Kingston, Massachusetts. 
Volumes document Holmes's work building houses and engaging in other 
woodworking activities, including framing windows and making window 
sashes, fixing sleighs, working on wharves, installing glass, and making 
furniture. Holmes noted the supplies that he needed for his work. Refer- 
ences to agricultural activities are also included. 
Document 932. 

268 Guide to the Wiiitcrtlittr Library 

1013. Holt John, 1743-1801. 

American material from the Holt-Gregson papers. Ca. 1770-1824. 
1 microfilm reel. 

John Holt wrote school textbooks, history books, agricultural surveys, and 
articles for monthly publications. He had an interest in science and litera- 
ture and collected material on Liverpool, England. Although an antiquary, 
Holt made his living as an upholsterer. 

Papers consist of selections from a larger collection. Each item references 
one of four categories of Holt's research: British trade with the Americas; 
the slave trade; privateering during the American Revolution; and statistics 
and accounts regarding late eighteenth-century America. 
Introduction and summary of contents available. 

Original manuscripts located at the Liverpool, England, Central Library. 
Microfilm Ml 764. 

1014. Holyoke, Florence. 

Scrapbook and scraps. Ca. 1880-1922. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 30 cm. 

Volume includes valentine cards, Christmas and New Year's greeting cards, 

birthday cards, and friendship cards. Illustrations of children, animals, 

flowers, fruits, and cupid predominate. 

Document 357. 

1015. Homer, George. 
Memorandum books. 1790-1803. 
1 microfilm reel. 

George Homer was a wharfinger at 61 Long Wharf, Boston. 

The five books that make up this collection contain accounts for Homer's 

residence on Temple Street, Boston, as well as his business accounts. 

Brief name index available. 

Original manuscripts located at Baker Library, Harvard University. 

Microfilm M1965.2. 

1016. Hood, Jacob. 
Account book. 1843-52. 
1 vol.; 17 cm. 

Jacob Hood worked on piano fortes in Salem, Massachusetts. 
Book lists piano fortes tuned and repaired by Hood. A typical entry lists 
the customer's name, address, the amount paid to Hood, and a brief de- 
scription of the repair. 
Document 926. 

1017. Hood, Washington, 1808-40. 
Drawings. 1829-39. 

137 items: col. ill. 

Dmms Collect inn ami Archives 269 

Philadelphian Washington Hood graduated from the United States Military 
Academy in 1827. As a topographical engineer, he worked with Robert E. 
Lee determining the boundary line of Ohio and Michigan; he later mapped 
the Oregon Territory. Hood also worked as a civil engineer in Cuba, served 
as a portrait copyist in Washington, D.C., and designed buildings. Hood 
contracted a fatal disease while doing survey work and died in Bedford 
Springs, Pennsylvania. 

Collection is organized into four series: drawings; plans and sketches; land- 
scapes; and papers. The first contains study pieces and sketches, a large 
portion of which reflects design influences from Greek sources and allegor- 
ical representations of historical events. The second includes drawings for 
bridges, canals, railroads, forts, and large public buildings. The third series 
features Hood's sketches of people. The fourth series consists of miscellane- 
ous papers and financial accounts. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 101. 

1018. Hoopes, Edward. 

Bills and receipts. 1842-53. 

9 folders. 

Edward Hoopes was a retail merchant who sold dry goods, hardware, and 

fancy goods. He lived in West Chester, Pennsylvania, until 1846, when he 

moved to Baltimore. 

Collection contains bills and receipts for goods that Hoopes purchased at 

wholesale prices in Philadelphia to stock his store. In addition, there are 

several bills from the Red Lion Hotel, presumably where Hoopes stayed 

when he was in Philadelphia. 

Collection 464. 

1019. Horlor, William. 
Cash book. 1855-61. 
151 p.; 34 cm. 

William Horlor ran a furniture business in Great Falls, New Hampshire, 
under a series of names: William Horlor & Co., Horlor & Smith, T. J. & R. 
Smith, Smith & Hoyt, and Hoyt & Andrews. 

Cash accounts refer to many furniture forms, including nurse rockers, 
washstands, sinks, a small glass, dressing tables, bureaus, cradles, and 
towel stands. Entries refer to furniture, railway freight postage associated 
with shipping his goods, and invoice payments. 
Document 201. 

1020. Horn, Abraham R. 
Exercise books. 1846, 1850. 
2 vols. 

270 Guide to the Winlertluir Library 

Abraham R. Horn lived in Springfield, Pennsylvania. In 1850 he attended 
the Line Lexington Boarding School. 

Volume 1 contains problems relating to the calculation of interest, measure- 
ments for paving and plastering, and accounting problems. Volume 2 is de- 
voted to plane geometry. 
Document 616. 

1021. Hort, Margaret Janvier, 1899-1980. 
Papers. 1701-1981. 

8 boxes. 

Margaret Janvier Hort was the Janvier family genealogist during the 1960s 
and 1970s. She was born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and graduated from 
the University of Pennsylvania in 1921. She received a second undergradu- 
ate degree in library science from Syracuse University in 1934 and a mas- 
ter's degree in libriarianship from Columbia University in 1948. She 
worked as a librarian at various places before retiring to pursue genealogi- 
cal research. 

Collection contains material on the Janvier family, which descended from 
French immigrant Thomas Janvier, an early settler of present-day Odessa, 
Delaware. In addition to genealogical notes, papers contain many original 
manuscripts documenting the lives of Janvier family members, particularly 
Levi Janvier, a Presbyterian missionary in India, his father, George Wash- 
ington Janvier, and other near relatives. 
Folder title listing available. 
Collection 33. 

1022. Hosmer, Harriet, 1830-1908. 
Letters. Ca. 1845-1908. 

15 items: ill.; 26 cm. 

Sculptor Harriet Hosmer was born in Watertown, Massachusetts. She stud- 
ied art in Boston and anatomy at an otherwise all-male school in Missouri. 
In 1852 she went to Rome to study with English sculptor John Gibson. 
Hosmer remained in Europe for the rest of her life, living in Rome most of 
the year and spending her summers in England. She is best known for her 
sculpture in the neoclassical style. 

Collection contains letters by Hosmer to her friends in which she discusses 
personal news, social activities, and travel. Some photographs are included. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 413. 

1023. Hotchkiss, Dora. 
Scrapbook. Ca. 1928. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 34 cm. 

Dora Hotchkiss attended the New York School of Interior Decoration in 

Rye, New York. 

Dmcm Collection and Archives 271 

Includes clippings showing a house and its furnishings along with descrip- 
tions and explanatory notes compiled by Hotchkiss while studying interior 
decoration. Complete room layouts featuring furniture placement, fabric 
swatches for upholstery, paint and wallpaper samples, and pictures of 
hardware are all included. The scrapbook also contains examples of work 
representing various schools of painting. 
Folio 165. 

1024. Hotel advertisements. 1850-1920. 
35 items: ill. 

Collection contains printed advertisements for hotels. The majority of them 
were located in New England and New York; however, several were from 
as far away as Savannah, Georgia, Minneapolis, and Washington, D.C. 
Nearly all of the advertisements include an engraving or lithograph of the 
hotel featured. 
Collection 483. 

1025. Houck, Lyman S. 
Copybook. Ca. 1880s. 
1 vol.; 23 cm. 

Lyman S. Houck was a student in Boyerstown, Pennsylvania. The school 

principal was J. B. Hanley. 

Copybook contains Houck's writing exercises. It bears a label identifying it 

as the seventh in a series of Adler's Progressive Copybooks, published in 

Hamburg, Pennsylvania. 

Document 402. 

1026. Houghton, Israel. 
Account book. 1817^7. 
1 vol.; 37 cm. 

Israel Houghton was a furniture- and carriagemaker in Petersham, Massa- 

Manuscript documents the details associated with the production of furni- 
ture and carriages. Houghton also worked as a carpenter. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Folio 171. 

1027. Houghton, Nathaniel. 
Account book. 1809-41. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Nathaniel Houghton and his brother, Luke, worked as furnituremakers in 
Barre, Massachusetts. 

The three volumes of this collection record the Houghtons' furniture- 
making activities. 

Original manuscript material located at the Barre Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2052. 

272 Guide to the Winterthur Lilmiry 

1028. Hovey, William. 
Account book. 1809-30. 
87 leaves; 32 cm. 

William Hovey worked in Attleboro, Massachusetts; Whitestown, New 
York; and Trenton, New York, during the period in which he maintained 
this manuscript. Some accounts suggest that a business partnership of 
some kind may have existed between Hovey and a William Stuart. 
Accounts indicate that Hovey sold and repaired furniture and engaged in 
trading woven textiles and lumber. Typical entries: "to Repairing a desk," 
"Carding & Oiling 16 3/4 fine Merino," "5000 feet Hemlock Board." 
Document 188. 

1029. How, Isaac. 
Account book. 1823-31. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Isaac How made hats in Haverhill, Massachusetts. 

Lists merchants and others who received hats on consignment from How, 

whose business extended to New York; Richmond, Virginia; and Baltimore. 

How made fine wool hats, boy's and men's hats, men's course hats, and 

many other types of headgear. 

Document 837. 

1030. Howard, Bessie. 
Recipe book. 1888. 
1 vol.; 16 X 24 cm. 

Bessie Howard was a resident of Wilmington, Delaware. 
Entries record recipes for many varieties of candy. 
Document 928. 

1031. Howard, J. C. 
Record book. 1854-55. 
41 leaves: ill.; 19 cm. 

Volume contains a record of materials and payments, agreements with sub- 
contractors, drawings of floor plans, elevations, and site plans for houses 
built in Brooklyn, New York. 
Document 7. 

1032. Howard, Nathan, Jr. 
Account book. 1791-1833. 
1 vol.; 41 cm. 

Nathan Howard Jr. lived in rural Bridgewater, New Hampshire. 
Accounts include references to pulling flax, hoeing, cutting wood, sawing 
shingles, pasturing cows, making nails, and mending shoes. Agricultural 
products, such as produce, meat, and butter, are mentioned as well. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Folio 151. 

Downs Collection and Archives 273 

1033. Howe, Sarah L. 
Letters. 1833-59. 
15 items. 

Sarah L. Howe lived in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Collection includes fourteen letters written by Sarah Howe to her daughter, 
Mary E. Howe, while Mary visited with relatives in Cincinnati, Ohio. Most 
comments relate to social activities, family affairs, funerals, travel, and lec- 
tures given by Ralph Waldo Emerson and William Makepeace Thackeray. 
Another letter written by Howe for her sister is included in this collection 
as well. 
Document 333. 

1034. Howland, E. A. 

The Japanese puzzle for home amusement and instruction: with a set of 
blocks. 1872. 

1 puzzle + rules booklet. 

E. A. Howland produced this game in Worcester, Massachusetts. 
Consists of five identically truncated squares. The resulting trapezoids and 
five triangles were to be arranged in patterns suggested by the rules book- 
let or by the imagination of the user. 
Document 86. 

1035. Howland, Nathaniel. 
Account book. 1766-1805. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Nathaniel Howland worked as a sawyer and farmer in Dartmouth, Massa- 

Book records the business transactions of a sawyer over a forty-year pe- 
riod. Additional references to farm products, such as pork, veal, turkey, 
butter, cheese, and milk, are mentioned as well. 
Document 933. 

1036. Hubbard, James. 
Daybook. 1844-48. 
145 p.; 42 cm. 

James Hubbard was a painter and paperhanger who lived on a farm in 
Kennebunk, Maine. 

Daybook records Hubbard's decorating jobs, often mentioning required 
supplies, rooms of houses that he worked on, time spent on certain tasks, 
and his charges. Hubbard's farmwork is also documented. The final few 
pages of this manuscript note details on the construction of an addition to 
Hubbard's barn, decorating supplies that he purchased in Boston, and the 
number of farm hands he employed in 1854. 
Folio 125. 

274 Guide to the Wintertlwr Ubrary 

1037. Hughes, Elisha. 
Account book. 1751-65. 
1 vol.; 42 cm. 

Elisha Hughes operated a public house and what seems to have been a 
general store in East Nottingham Township, Pennsylvania. He was listed 
on the tax rolls for 1753, was granted a tavern license in 1758, and served 
as a local tax assessor in 1762 and 1763. 

Manuscript records the activities associated with the operation of a public 
house and store. Hughes refers to "putting people up," though it does not 
appear that operating an inn was of paramount importance to him. Al- 
though the focus of the volume is on business transactions, other endeav- 
ors (weaving, acquiring dinnerware, and horseshoeing) are also recorded. 
Folio 68. 

1038. Huhn, Grace. 

Payson, Dunton, and Scribner's national system of penmanship in 12 num- 
bers, revised and improved. 1870. 
1 vol.: ill.; 18 x 22 cm. 

Grace Huhn was a student when she used this book. 
Volume includes handwriting exercises following Payson, Dunton & Scrib- 
ner's method of penmanship. It was published by Potter, Ainsworth & Co. 
of New York City. 
Document 960. 

1039. Hull & Bowne. 
Receipt book. 1800-1811. 
356 p.; 13x20 cm. 

Hull and Bowne were druggists who operated a store at 146 Pearl Street, 

New York City. 

Consists of hundreds of handwritten receipts for money received from a 

wide variety of suppliers in New York in exchange for raw materials and 

processed goods needed by Hull & Bowne for their business. 

Name and material index available. 

Document 32. 

1040. Hunter, James, 1729-96. 
Architectural plans. 1776-ca. 1807. 
8 items: ill. 

Of Scottish descent and a native of County Antrim, Ireland, James Hunter 
was a merchant on Strawberry Alley, Philadelphia. He invested in real es- 
tate and purchased a 141-acre tract of land in Radnor, Pennsylvania, not far 
from Philadelphia. There, Hunter built a house named Woodstock, which 
he used first as a summer residence and, beginning in 1778, as a retirement 

Dozons Collection ami Archives 275 

Collection consists of plans for Woodstock, designed by Humphrey Wayne, 
and another house, perhaps Chuckwood, built by Maskell Ewing in 1807, 
also in Radnor, Pennsylvania. 
Folio 72. 

1041. Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906. 

Lecture on Christian art read at the National Academy of Design. 1851. 
52 p.; 26 cm. 

Daniel Huntington was a portrait, historical, and landscape painter. A na- 
tive of New York City, he attended Hamilton College in upstate New York 
and studied art under S. F. B. Morse. He later resumed his training in Eu- 
rope. Huntington twice served as the president of the National Academy of 

Manuscript consists of notes for a lecture on Christian art, in which Hunt- 
ington traced its development and forms. In addition to this lecture, there 
are twelve letters by Huntington to various individuals associated with the 
John Davis Hatch Collection. Huntington recorded remarks about his reli- 
gious beliefs, comments on exhibitions and artistic works by others, and in- 
formation about activities at the National Academy. 
See entry number 959. 
Document 519. 

1042. Huntington, Isaac. 
Ledger. 1732-^3. 
28 leaves; 31 cm. 

Isaac Huntington was a weaver from Norwich, Connecticut. He served as 
the local justice of the peace and married Rebekah Lothrup, a widow. 
Entries indicate that Huntington primarily wove cotton, linen, and wool 
and dyed fabric. Evidence suggests that he used the wool of his own sheep 
to produce some of his cloth. To supplement his income, Huntington 
rented rooms, mended footwear, and drafted documents in his capacity as 
justice of the peace. 
Document 1036. 

1043. Huth, Hans. 
Research notes. 1936-65. 
8 folders: ill.; 26 cm. 

Hans Huth was curator of decorative arts at the Art Institute of Chicago 
from the late 1940s to the mid-1960s. 

Notes reflect Huth's research on Moravian painter John Valentine Haidt, 
whose paintings are among the earliest examples of religious art produced 
in America. Included are miscellaneous bibliographic citations, biographi- 
cal notes, lists of paintings, newspaper and magazine clippings, manu- 
scripts of lectures, and photographs of Haidt's work. 
Collection 446. 

276 Guide to the Whiterthur Library 

1044. Huthwaite, Hannah. 
Recipe book. Ca. 1720. 
89 p.; 21 cm. 

Hannah Huthwaite was probably from England. She signed the book in 
two places, though as many as six people wrote recipes in the volume. 
Contains recipes for a wide variety of foods and a few household prepara- 
tions, such as medicines and cleaning powders. 
Partial index available. 
Document 193. 

1045. Huxley, Kate. 

Crochet work. 1848-ca. 1940. 
Approx. 150 items. 

Kate Huxley was a resident of Wilmington, Delaware. 
Consists of an album with eleven detailed pen-and-ink drawings of crochet 
patterns created by Huxley in 1848 and nearly 150 samples of finished 
work. Apparently a later owner printed patterns and crocheting instruc- 
tions, many written in French and dating from the 1930s, that complete the 
Collection 133. 

1046. 1. & J. Pratt Co. 
Records. 1813-37. 
6 cu. ft. 

Isaac and Jared Pratt of Wareham, Massachusetts, operated a cotton factory, 
iron foundry, and general store. Isaac left the business first. Jared then relo- 
cated to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, where he started the Fairview Iron 

Collection includes eleven bound volumes and eleven boxes of other 
manuscript materials. Chiefly documenting the Pratt's iron business and 
store, these papers also contain shipping accounts that reflect the Pratt's in- 
terests in several vessels and provide insight into the state of the economy 
during the 1820s and 1830s. 
Folder title listing available. 

Records of the Fairview Iron Works located at the Hagley Museum and Li- 
brary, Wilmington, Delaware. 
Collection 97. 

1047. Illustrations of beds. Ca. 1920. 
29 items: ill. 

Illustrations, probably at one time part of a printed book, are of highly or- 
namental beds dating from ancient Egypt through the nineteenth century. 
Included are depictions of the outdoor sleeping place used by Cleopatra, a 
bed from Pompeii, a four-poster from sixteenth-century Italy, an ancient 
imperial Japanese bed, Shakespeare's bed, and a bed used by a member of 
the Washington family. 
Collection 197. 

Downs Collection and Archives 277 

1048. Ilsley, Elisha, fl. 1670-90. 

Account book. 1672-1879, bulk 1672-1740. 

187 leaves: ill.; 16 cm. 

Weaver Elisha Ilsley lived in Newbury, Massachusetts. He married Hannah 

Poor in 1688, and they raised eleven children. Their son Joseph became a 

weaver, like his father. 

Volume contains accounts for customers, listing amounts of weaving and 

costs in pounds, shillings, and pence. It also includes a historical sketch of 

the Ilsley family signed and dated by Benjamin Chase on March 11, 1879. 

Illustrations show weaving patterns and geometric puzzles. 

For information on this manuscript, see "The Ilsley-Chase Account Books," 

by Ronald D. Sawyer, in Essex Institute Historical Quarterly, vol. 86 (April 

1950): 17S-82. 

Document 1. 

1049. Imlay, William. 
Letter book. 1834^0. 

1 vol.; 22 cm. 

William Imlay was the postmaster of Allentowm, New Jersey. 
Letters document Imlay's activities as postmaster, including handling 
newspaper subscriptions for many local residents and corresponding with 
his counterparts elsewhere about misdirected mail. A few letters refer to 
his responsibilities as an agent of the Silk Growers Journal. Imlay raised silk 
worms and mulberry trees. 
Document 798. 

1050. Indentures. 1710-1857. 

2 boxes. 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains printed and handwritten 
indentures for apprentices and servants. They primarily represent agree- 
ments made in New England and the Mid-Atlantic states. Many date from 
the last two decades of the eighteenth century. Among the trades repre- 
sented are carpentry, cabinetmaking, watchmaking, blacksmithing, and tan- 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 288. 

1051. Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
Membership book. 1846-66. 

1 vol.; 35 cm. 

Manuscript was kept by members of the fraternal Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows of Charlestown, Massachusetts. It includes questionnaires that 
prospective members of the group were required to complete. Each person 
recorded his name, place of residence, occupation, age, membership in 

278 Guhle to the Wintcrlluir Library 

other orders, health, and whether he beHeved in the existence of a "Su- 
preme Being." 
Document 449. 

1052. Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
Membership book. 1872-92. 

1 vol.; 34 cm. 

This volume was kept by the fraternal Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
of Wakefield, Massachusetts. It consists of forms containing questions 
posed to incoming members, eliciting such information as the respondent's 
name, occupation, residence, age, and whether he believed in "a Supreme 
Intelligent Being, the Creator and Preserver of the Universe." Many trades- 
men, including iron molders, chairmakers, carpenters, and shoemakers, are 
Document 866. 

1053. Ineson, Stanley Bailey, 1882-? 
Papers. 1931-60, bulk 1935-42. 

Stanley Bailey Ineson collected many types of early American silver but 
concentrated on spoons. He amassed more than seventeen hundred pieces 
over the course of fifteen years of collecting. His collection is now at Win- 
terthur Museum. 

Collection consists of papers related to Ineson's collecting. It includes corre- 
spondence, subject files, clippings, lists of silversmiths, nibbings of touch- 
marks, photographs, and wax impressions of touchmarks from the backs of 

Folder title list and name index available. 
Collection 1. 

1054. Inman, S. L. 

Exercise book. Ca. 1799-1809. 
1 vol.; 24 cm. 

S. L. Inman was a student at the time that he kept this exercise book. 
Book contains Inman's notes pertaining to a variety of topics, such as air, 
clouds, light, solstices, astronomy, mythology, early scientists, and forms of 
government and empires of the world. Illustrations accompany many of 
his notes. Text is written in red, black, green, and blue ink. 
Document 415. 

1055. Interior decorator's folder. Ca. 1930s. 
1 folder: ill. (some col.); 37 cm. 

Folder contains fifty-four items, including trade catalogues, price lists, pho- 
tographs, newspaper clippings, samples, and sketches of scenic wallpaper 
reproductions from the 1930s. 
Folio 286. 

Dowm CoUectiou and Archives 279 

1056. Interior design drawings. Ca. 1880-89. 
46 items: ill. (some col.) 

Collection includes color paintings and pencil sketches of interior ceilings 
and walls. The designs are highly ornate geometric, floral, and abstract 
borders that surround a central rectangular expanse, many of which fea- 
ture center medallions. A few of the drawings reflect an oriental influence. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 158; Microfilm M3001. 

1057. Inventories. 1850-52. 
89 p.; 40 cm. 

Manuscript contains three inventories of stock taken by a dry goods mer- 
chant whose location is unknown. Entries include the number of items on 
hand, a brief description of the items, their unit value, and total value. A 
wide range of everyday products is represented. 
Folio 94. 

1058. Inventories of English royalty. 1517-1650, 1660-ca. 1740. 
13 microfilm reels. 

Records of the Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household during a number 
of reigns from Henry VIII through George II. Records include information 
about home furnishings and clothing. Some entries are in Latin. 
Contents list available. 

Original materials located at the Public Record Office, London. 
Microfilm M270-M282. 

1059. Inventories of estates: Baltimore County, Maryland. 1772-1840. 
18 microfilm reels. 

Consists of inventories of recently deceased individuals from Baltimore and 

the surrounding region. 

Alphabetical list of names available. 

Original documents located at the Maryland Hall of Records. 

Microfilm MS, M8-M24. 

1060. Inventories of estates: New York City and vicinity. 1717-89. 
2 microfilm reels. 

Consists of inventories of recently deceased individuals who had lived in 

or around New York City. 

Alphabetical name listing available. 

Original documents located at the New- York Historical Society. 

Microfilm M1-M2. 

1061. Inventory. 1808. 
1 1 leaves; 36 cm. 

Inventory documents the contents of a general store, probably located in 
Ridgefield, Connecticut. The store stocked medicines, pottery, glassware. 

280 Guide to the Winlertlmr iibrnry 

dry goods, and groceries. The words "George Rockwell, Ridgcfield, Con- 
necticut" appear on the last page. 
Document 1039. 

1062. Inventory of hardware. Ca. 1840s. 
50 leaves; 31 cm. 

Inventory is divided into long columns listing names of suppliers, numbers 
of items received, numbers of items sold, numbers of items that should be 
on hand, numbers of items actually on hand, and the number of items by 
which they were either over or short. Goods included various kinds of 
hardware, such as moulding planes, black augers, plated keyhole escutch- 
eon drops, tumblers, kettles, coach wrenches, and mahogany knobs. 
Document 57. 

1063. Inventory of the contents of Holkham. 1774. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Holkham was the ancestral home of the earls of Leicester, located in Nor- 
folk, England. 

Inventory records the vast range of furnishings at Holkham. 
Original manuscript at the Bodleian Library, Oxford University. 
Microfilm M854. 

1064. Invitations and tickets. 1769-1900. 
3 boxes: ill. (some col.) 

This artificial (and still open) collection consists of invitations, dance cards, 
and tickets for dances, social events, dramatic performances, and lectures. 
While some are from the late eighteenth century, the majority date from the 
mid nineteenth century. Most are from either New England or the Mid- 
Atlantic states. Illustrations include allegorical figures or symbols of socie- 
ties or organizations. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 289. 

1065. Iremonger, Penelope, d. 1827. 

Estate papers and photographs. 1827-29, 1993. 

15 items: ill. 

Penelope Iremonger, a widow at the time of her death, lived at 12 Bolton 

Row, London. 

Consists of an inventory of Iremonger's estate and modern contact prints 

illustrating the site of Iremonger's home. 

Document 549. 

1066. Irving and Casson. 
Scrapbook. 1912-18. 
1 vol.: ill.; 34 cm. 

Downs Collection and Archives 281 

Irving and Casson was a Boston-based firm of furnituremakers, woodwork 
and mantel designers, and interior decorators. In 1916 the firm merged 
with A. H. Davenporf s business. After the merger, the business specialized 
in the furnishing of Gothic revival churches. 

Scrapbook contains sketches and photographs of furniture, designs for 
chairs, and clippings as well as records of furniture orders and labor 
needed to satisfy customer requests. 
Partial index of contents in front of volume. 
Document 362. 

1067. Irvins, John. 
Notes. 1921. 

1 vol.; 14 cm. 

John Irvins was a carpenter and handyman in the Gettysburg, Pennsylva- 
nia, area. 

Manuscript includes notes on Irvins's carpentry, painting, work on case- 
ment windows, chair-rail installation, and stairway construction. 
Document 852. 

1068. Isaac Hobhouse and Company. 
The Hobhouse letters. 1722-55. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Isaac Hobhouse was a merchant in Bristol, England. 

Collection consists of letters written to Isaac Hobhouse from ship captains 
and agents in the American colonies and the West Indies, describing trade 
between western Africa and the southern colonies and showing trade rela- 
tionships between New England and the West Indies. Commodities carried 
and shipping difficulties are noted. In addition, there are some letters about 
shipbuilding in Boston and Philadelphia. 

Original materials at the Bristol, England, Central Library and the Bristol 
Record Office. 
Microfilm M733. 

1069. Ives, Florence C. 
Diary. 1892-94. 
75 p.; 22 cm. 

Florence C. Ives was the chief clerk in the Capitol Office, Albany, New 
York, of the Board of Women Managers of the World's Columbian Exposi- 

Ives recorded the experiences of her work with the Columbian Exposition 
in her diary. She wrote about the people she worked with, including Mrs. 
Russell Sage, and commented on difficulties in her office's decisionmaking 
process. Toward the end of the manuscript, Ives writes about dismantling 
the fair and summarizes her progress in Report of the Board of Women Man- 
agers for the State of Neio York at the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893, pub- 
lished by J. J. Little & Co., New York. 
Document 1028. 

282 Guide to the Wiutertliur Library 

1070. J. & J. F. Head 
Business records. 1809-35. 

2 vols.; 39 cm. 

In 1810 brothers Joseph and John Frazier Head founded a mercantile busi- 
ness in Boston. John died in 1813 while on a business trip to Cadiz, Spain. 
His brother continued to run the business until at least 1835. The firm con- 
ducted business in China, the West Indies, and Europe and traded a wide 
variety of goods. 

Records consist of a letter book kept from 1809 to 1835 and a cashbook 
kept from 1810 to 1819. Much in the letter book was written during the 
War of 1812 and refers to difficulties securing insurance, the likelihood of 
cargoes being captured, increased prices, and shortages of commodities. 
The cashbook notes the stock on hand when the Head's partnership began. 
Entries record finance charges, invoices, and notes receivable and payable. 
Folio 110. 

1071. J. & J. N. Harman. 
Daybook. 1855-67. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Jacob and Joseph N. Harman were furnituremakers at 84 King Street, Wil- 
mington, Delaware. 

The Harmans made and repaired furniture, constructed replacement parts, 
upholstered, installed blinds with pulleys, painted and finished objects, 
and gilded. References are made to selling furniture hardware. 
Folio 237. 

1072. J. & P. Coats, Ltd. 
Specimen case. Ca. 1880. 
1 case; 32 cm. 

J. & P. Coats, Ltd. manufactured thread in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. 
Specimen case contains fifty samples of cotton, yarn, thread, and forms of 
wooden spools. 
Folio 77. 

1073. J. & S. Davidson. 
Records. 1812-30. 

3 vols. 

J. & S. Davidson operated a general store in Argyle, New York. 
Records contain a daybook recording sales from 1812 to 1814, a ledger of 
personal accounts owed to the store from 1813 to 1815, and an invoice 
ledger for items purchased by a Sam Donaldson from 1820 to 1830. 
Collection 15. 

1074. J. Barton Benson, Inc. 
Accounts and scrapbook. 1942-52. 

DoiL'its Collection and Archives 283 

3 vols.: ill (some col.) 

J. Barton Benson, Inc. was a Philadelphia-based metalsmithing firm. It was 
incorporated in 1928. The firm welded, forged, and produced ornamental 
metalwork, some in the Pennsylvania German style. Customers included 
churches, various businesses, cabinetmakers, and private individuals. 
Collection includes two volumes of financial accounts and a scrapbook 
containing clippings of ornamental metalwork. Financial accounts include 
receipts and records of expenditures, cash disbursements, and accounts re- 
ceivable. The scrapbook features illustrations of iron fencing, lighting de- 
vices, weather vanes, and knockers. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 105. 

1075. J. F Browne & Co. 

Records. 1849-1919, bulk 1849-56. 
1 vol.; 31 cm. 

J. F Browne & Co. of New York City was a leading American harpmaking 
firm during the mid nineteenth century. The firm also repaired harps and 
sold music accessories, such as music stools, music desks, and harp boxes. 
It operated under several names over the course of its existence. 
Volume contains information on the manufacture and sale of harps, com- 
pany profits and expenses, and the publication of sheet music for harpists. 
Supplies for the making of harps are documented along with expenses for 
loans, office supplies, advertisements, and other company business. 
Company ephemera, including photographs, an order form, and a printed 
price list, are included in the collection. 
Document 268. 

1076. J. Hunfington & Son. 
Account book. 1808-14. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

J. Huntington & Son operated a general store in New London, Connecticut. 
Many of the entries in this volume provide the dates of transactions and 
amounts paid. Goods are only mentioned when they were used as meth- 
ods of payment. Sometimes services, such as the making of a bureau by 
Thomas Gibbs, were accepted to satisfy debts. 
Document 240. 

1077. J. O. Ellsworth & Co. 
Daybook. 1857-59. 
350 p.; 34 cm. 

Josiah Ellsworth was the proprietor of J. O. Ellsworth & Co., a Windsor, 
Connecticut, metalworking firm that specialized in tinware. The company 
also repaired, blackened, and installed stoves and sold metal toys. 
Volume records daily debit and credit accounts. Objects sold include fluid 
lamps, spoons, goblets, griddle turners, water dippers, breast pins, mustard 

284 Guide to the Wintertltur Library 

pots, eggcups, and toys (such as cups and pails, rattles, whistles, and ele- 
phants on wheels). 
Document 241. 

1078. Jabez Peck & Co. 
Account book. 1815-37. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Jabez Peck, William Augustus Phelps, and Jabez Oliver operated a tin shop 
in Lenox, Massachusetts. 

Records of sales and invoices indicate the kinds of tinwares available from 
Peck: beakers, teakettles, water pots, skimmers, and lanterns. 
Document 537. 

1079. Jackson, Samuel, 1765-1824. 
Account books. 1792-1805. 
3 vols.; 33 cm. 

Samuel Jackson operated a general store in Northumberland County, Penn- 
sylvania, and later resided in York (present-day Toronto), Canada, where 
he invested in real estate. 

Collection includes two daybooks dating from 1792 to 1805 and a ledger 
kept from 1795 to 1804 that document the customers served and goods 
sold in Jackson's Northumberland County store. In addition to recording 
retail transactions taking place in the store, Jackson noted when he ordered 
from various manufacturers on behalf of his customers. 
Name index in ledger. 
Document 406. 

1080. Jacoby, William A. 
Hardware store price book. 1858. 
85 p.; 16 cm. 

Evidence suggests that William Jacoby was the proprietor of a hardware 
store in Rancocas, New Jersey. 

Volume includes prices for various pieces of hardware and domestic items, 
including oval boilers, sleigh bells, curry combs, chisels, coffee mills, can- 
dlesticks, assorted files, hinges, plated ware, and kettles. Names of Jacoby's 
suppliers are also included. 
Document 215. 

1081. Jacot, Julius O. 

Business papers. 1865-1902. 
6 vols. + 420 items. 

Julius O. Jacot worked as a watchmaker and jeweler in Stockbridge, Massa- 

Collection includes six business account books, kept from 1865 to 1891, and 
420 letters, invoices, bills, and circulars, dating from 1893 to 1902. The 
account books document Jacot's watch- and jewelrymaking activities. 

Dmoiis Collection ami Archives 285 

Records indicate that Jacot sometimes acquired objects from other busi- 
nesses and then resold them in his shop. 
Collection 367. 

1082. Jacques, George, 1816-72. 

Diary and memoranda. 1840^6, 1852-56. 
2 vols.: ill. (col. plan); 25 cm. or smaller. 

George Jacques was a horticulturist. A native of Brooklyn, Connecticut, he 
attended Leicester Academy, Drury's School in Pawtuxet, Rhode Island, 
and graduated from Brown University in 1836. After teaching school for a 
time, he settled in Worcester, Massachusetts, where he established a nurs- 
ery specializing in fruit and ornamental trees. Jacques contributed to horti- 
cultural journals and took an active part in the civic affairs of Worcester. At 
his death, he bequeathed his estate to Worcester City Hospital. He never 

Writings record Jacques's activities and thoughts. He wrote about his edu- 
cation, horticultural interests, reading habits, phrenology, and an 1856 trip 
to Europe. 

Index of names and subjects and references to articles by Jacques at back of 
volume 2. 
Document 372. 

1083. James Dixon & Sons. 
Letter book. 1835-39. 
1 microfilm reel. 

James Dixon & Sons, makers of silver-plated wares, was based in Sheffield, 


Letter book consists of orders for Britanniawares and German silver and 

silver-plated wares placed by James W. Dixon of New York City on behalf 

of businesses located in New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. 

Name list available. 

Original manuscript owned by James Dixon & Sons. 

Microfilm M876. 

1084. James F. Wood & Co. 
Daybooks. 1870-77, 1887-99. 
8 vols. 

James F. Wood & Co. was a Wilmington, Delaware, firm that succeeded 
Wilson, Wood & Co. It installed roofs and metalwork until 1940, when the 
firm disbanded. 

Daybooks record jobs performed, including the installation of roofs, gut- 
ters, pipes, heaters, boilers, and stoves, in both homes and commercial 
properties in the Wilmington area. The company also sold such metal ob- 
jects as nuts and bolts, pipes, and stove parts, and soldered metalwares. 
Other manuscripts relating to the company, dating from 1880 to 1887, lo- 
cated at the Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, Delaware. 
Collection 213. 

286 Guide to the Wintertlitir Library 

1085. James Powell & Sons. 

Cartoon patterns. 1890-1923. 
25 items: col. ill. 

James Powell & Sons was a fashionable London glasshouse. Early in its ex- 
istence, the firm purchased Whitefriars Glass Works, a business that had 
been established around 1600 and that produced flint table glass and do- 
mestic wares. During the mid-1 800s, Powell experimented with colors and 
techniques that allowed him to produce stained-glass windows using me- 
dieval methods. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, 
the company's stained glass reflected the style associated with William 
Morris & Co., a firm known to have been a pioneer in the development of 
the arts and crafts style. 

Collection is composed of twenty full-size drawings in pencil and gouache 
and four smaller watercolor designs for stained-glass windows as well as a 
printed billhead. Many of the larger drawings include the names of build- 
ings, usually churches, including Bacton Church, Brecon Priory, Cainscross 
Church, and Canythorpe Church. The watercolors depict saints Sidan, Ed- 
mund, Augustine, and Elizabeth. 
Collection 371. 

1086. Janker, J. H. 

Pattern book, Capitol City Woolen Mills. 1883. 

118 p.; 17 cm. 

J. H. Janker was a textile worker employed by the Capitol City Woolen 

Mills of Des Moines, Iowa. 

Book records numbered weaving patterns for wool and flannel cloths. Also 

included are twenty-seven wool swatches, a record of the time Janker 

worked, and a note on his wages for 1883. 

Document 995. 

1087. Janvier family. 

Papers. 1705-1913, bulk 1790-1823. 
189 items. 

The Janvier family descended from Thomas Janvier (1664-ca. 1729), an 
early French immigrant to New Castle County, Delaware. His youngest 
son, Philip, a bricklayer, was the founder of the branch of the family to 
which most of this collection pertains. Many of Philip's children were mer- 
chants who settled in the New Castle County area. 

Papers contain seven different series: correspondence, family histories, reli- 
gious materials, poetry, miscellaneous family items, financial documents, 
and legal documents. In addition to illuminating the history of the Janviers, 
this collection contains information on the Marley and McWilliams fami- 
lies. An important component of the papers is a photocopy of John 

Doums Collection and Archh'es 287 

Janvier's account book, chronicling the life of this cabinetmaker from 
Odessa, Delaware. 
Finding aid available 
Collection 155. 

1088. Japanese textile sample book. 1840-1900. 
16 p.; 43 cm. 

Book opens with Japanese calligraphy that reads: "Collection of samples of 
thick striped Ome-jima." It includes approximately 350 textile samples. 
Collection 50. 

1089. Jardin, Louis Henry, Jr., 1730-59. 

Die perspectiv-kunst: so wie sie auf der koniglichen danischen schilderer 
bildhauer und Bau-Academie in Copenhagen von den Herrn Herrn [sic] 
Professor Louis Henry Jardin, jun. koniglichen baumeister in einer lexion 
alle Sonnabend ist gelehrt worden. 1758-59. 
134 p.: ill.; 33 cm. 

Louis Henry Jardin Jr. was a French-born architect and the brother of fel- 
low architect Nicholas Henri Jardin. 

Consists of manuscript transcriptions by H. L. Tako Sr. of a series of fifty- 
one lessons that had been given by Jardin. Transcriptions are accompanied 
by illustrations, some of which are on large sheets and tipped into the 

Written in German Fraktur script. 
Document 187. 

1090. Jarves, James Jackson, 1818-88. 
Papers. 1859-81. 

1 box: ill.; 26 cm. 

James Jackson Jarves was born to Deming and Anna Jarves in Boston in 
1818. Unable to attend college because of illness and impaired eyesight, 
Jarves instead traveled through Mexico and California. For a time, he set- 
tled in Hawaii, where he established a weekly newspaper. Later in his ca- 
reer, he negotiated several commercial treaties for the United States and 
countries in Europe. During the 1850s, Jarves lived in Florence, Italy, where 
he collected paintings and Venetian glass and published more than twenty 
volumes of research on Italian art. Jarves was a patron of the Metropolitan 
Museum of Art and was honored by King Humbert I of Italy for his ac- 
complishments in the study of Italian art. 

Collection includes a photo album compiled in Florence in 1859 that in- 
cludes portraits of local worthies; the text of a lecture by Jarves entitled 
"Thoughts on the Esthetics of Liveries, Uniforms, and Distinctive Decora- 
tions in a Republic"; and a letter addressed to Herbert S. Rentrie of the 
Hawthorne Literacy Union. 
Collection 428. 

288 Guide to the Winlerthiir Library 

1091. Jarvis, Lydia Grofton. 
Recipe book. Ca. 1840. 
1 vol.; 17 cm. 

Most of the recipes in this volume are for food, though there are also in- 
structions for making soap and cologne water. Jarvis writes that they were 
"copied for me by my brother." Also in Jarvis's volume is a "list of dishev- 
eled books — in barn — self education." 
Document 828. 

1092. Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. 
Drawings and account books. 1751-1826. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States, was a statesman 
and revolutionary, founder of the University of Virginia, architect, and phi- 

Collection includes architectural drawings, land surveys, and household 
account books that record what Jefferson spent on entertainment, house 
furnishings, food, the care of horses, etc. Only the first reel in the series of 
ten reels has been acquired. 

Described in the Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Jeffcrsoti Papers of the 
Universiti/ of Virginia, 1732-1828, compiled by Douglas W. Tanner and pub- 
lished by the university. 

Original materials located at the Alderman Library, University of Virginia. 
Microfilm M2523. 

1093. Jelliffe, Cornelius. 
Sketchbook. Ca. 1874. 

88 p.: ill. (some col.); 31 cm. 

Cornelius Jelliffe appears to have been a young boy from Westport, Con- 
necticut, at the time that he maintained this sketchbook. 
Subjects of sketches include sailing ships, railroad and fire engines, the Bat- 
tle of Bunker Hill, Columbus, American Indians, animals, plants, and his- 
toric houses and birthplaces of famous people. 
Document 177. 

1094. Jenkins, Paul. 
Daybook. 1836-^1. 
262 p.; 44 cm. 

Paul Jenkins was a furnituremaker, carpenter, and framer from Maine. 
Manuscript records Jenkins's output of furniture, including bureaus, pic- 
ture frames, and tables, and his many carpentry projects. Because the 
manuscript's caption title is "Daybook No. 3," Jenkins was probably active 
many years before he began to keep these particular records. 
FoHo 154. 

Dmvus Collection ami Archives 289 

1095. Jenkins, Robert. 
Account book. 1747-53. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Robert Jenkins was a merchant who operated in Newport, Rhode Island, 
and Boston. 

Manuscript includes records of the products that Jenkins traded. 
Original manuscript located at the Rhode Island Historical Society 
Microfilm M2857.2. 

1096. Jenkins, Robert, 1 767-1 848. 
Account book. 1823-45. 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Robert Jenkins owned Windsor Forge in Caernarvon Township, Pennsylva- 
nia. His grandfather established the business in the early 1700s, and after it 
passed out of the family, Robert's father bought it back. At Robert's death, 
his son, David, took over. In addition to operating Windsor Forge, Robert 
served in the Pennsylvania state legislature and the U.S. Congress. 
Manuscript served as a daybook and letter book, recording the activities of 
the forge. Agricultural writings reveal details about local harvests and re- 
cord the cost of building a house in 1843. 

Robert Jenkins's cashbook located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Document 862. 

1097. Jenkins family. 
Journal. 1747-52. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Members of the Jenkins family appear to have been merchants. 
Entries in this journal include information on accounts, home furnishings, 
and the shipment of goods, both domestically and internationally. Entries 
dated 1747 and 1748 were kept while in Boston, whereas others for the six- 
year period were kept while in Newport, Rhode Island. 
Brief name index available. 

Original manuscript located at the Rhode Island Historical Society. 
Microfilm M753. 

1098. Jenks, Henry Gold. 

Account books. 1792, 1799-1801, 1834. 
4 vols.; 21 cm. or smaller. 

Henry Gold Jenks was a blacksmith in Boston and later in Cambridge, 

Three books, maintained from 1792 to 1801, record Jenks's blacksmithing 
work. The other book, compiled by Alonzo Lewis, contains genealogical in- 
formation about members of the Jenks family of Essex County, Massachu- 
setts, and includes records of land purchases and legal matters. 
Collection 296. 

290 Guide to the Winterthur Librnry 

1099. jenks, John. 

Business and estate records. 1783-1817. 
3 items. 

John Jenks was raised by Cotton Tufts after his father's early death. Jenks 
became a merchant in Salem, Massachusetts, and specialized in the impor- 
tation of goods from Britain. 

Collection includes an invoice book kept from 1783 to 1816, a letter book 
kept from 1797 to 1817, and probate records relating to Jenks's death in 
1817. In some instances, orders copied into the letter book correspond to 
bills in the invoice book. Estate papers show that Jenks died intestate and 
include an inventory of household possessions. 
Collection 295. 

1100. Jewett, Abraham, 1633 or 1634-94. 
Account book. 1661-90. 

142 p.; 14 cm. 

Abraham Jewett was a farmer, tanner, and weaver in Rowley, Massachu- 
setts. Family members settled Rowley when it was established in 1640. 
Jewett married Ann Allen in 1661. 

Books record Jewett's agricultural work and tanning activities. He helped 
people from his native Rowley and surrounding towns (Salem, Haverhill, 
and Ipswich) with plowing, planting, harvesting, and mowing and sup- 
plied shoemakers with leather. Other entries record the spinning, weaving, 
and exchange of cotton cloth. A list of clothing, perhaps Jewett's, is in- 
cluded as well. 
Document 640. 

1101. Jocelyn, Robert, viscount of, ca. 1688-1756. 
Dinner book. 1740-51, bulk 1740-^1. 

220 p.; 39 cm. 

Robert, viscount of Jocelyn, served as Lord Chancellor of Ireland. Evidence 

suggests that this volume came from his household. 

Book contains detailed dinner records in the form of diagrams of tables 

that note where various dishes were placed. A customary dinner involved 

two courses and thus two table plans. Several plans for more elaborate 

meals are also included. Guest names are mentioned. 

Folio 219. 

1102. John A. Lowell & Co. 
Book of engraving. 1878-80. 
158 p.: ill.; 40 x 29 cm. 

John A. Lowell & Co. was a firm of engravers based in Boston. 
Book includes 311 engravings from the Lowell company and a few exam- 
ples from other firms. Engravings show landscapes, ships, waterfalls, vases, 
animals, and a woman churning butter. There are some greeting cards as 

Doiims Collection ami Archives 291 

Index available. 
Folio 190. 

1103. John Beach & Co. 
Daybooks. 1850-52, 1857-61. 
2 vols.; 35 cm. 

John Beach & Co. manufactured wire and carding equipment in Hartford, 

Daybooks document the day-to-day operation of a firm that produced a 
wide variety of wire products, including sewing wires, sieves, corn pop- 
pers, clock wire, piano wire, sheep roller skins, comb plates, and card 
Folio 108. 

1104. John Bunce Co. 
Account books. 1848-61. 
2 vols.; 32 cm. 

John Bunce ran a hardware and general store in Brooklyn, New York. 
These manuscripts record goods, including hardware, kitchenware, step- 
ladders, buttons, soap, and brooms, available from Bunce's store. Entries 
provide information on items sold, prices paid, and names of purchasers. 
Document 234. 

1105. John Glassford & Company. 
Records. 1758-1817. 

20 microfilm reels. 

John Glassford & Company was a mercantile firm based in Glasgow, Scot- 
land, that traded extensively with businesses based in Maryland and Vir- 
ginia. The firm operated under a number of names over the course of its 

Collection includes ledgers, journals, records of cash sales, lists of debts, 
and other accounts relating to Glassford and its successors. Prominent 
names mentioned include George Mason, members of the Lee family, Ed- 
ward Washington, and George William Fairfax. 
Summary of contents available. 

Original manuscripts located at the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 
Microfilm M2677-M2696. 

1106. John Greene & Co. 
Daybook. 1841^5. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

John Greene & Co. were hardware merchants and metalsmiths based in 
Freetown, Massachusetts. 

Manuscript records the daily transactions of a firm that sold axes, knives, 
hoes, chisels, hammers, hinges, and nails; shoed horses; repaired tool 

292 Guide to the Wiiilertlmr Library 

handles and metal objects; and engaged in a variety of other metalsmithing 


Document 515. 

1107. John J. Staples & Son. 
Daybook. 1792-95. 

1 vol.; 42 cm. 

John J. Staples & Son was a New York City firm established in 1793 that 
sold hardware and other goods. Staples's son John Jr. appears in New York 
city directories as a clock- and watchmaker as well. 

Manuscript records the repair and sale of jewelry, the operation of a watch 
shop, and the sale of large quantities of hardware, presumably for later re- 
tail resale. 

Name index available. 
Folio 206. 

1108. John Ragatz & Son. 

Furniture drawings. Ca. 1880-1900. 
64 items: ill. (some col.) 

John H. Ragatz headed the firm of John Ragatz & Son, located at 212 Pear 
Street, Philadelphia. 

Drawings depict a wide variety of furniture that Ragatz apparently assem- 
bled as custom work, including chairs, screens, benches, couches, side- 
boards, bureaus, tables, and wall cabinets. Some drawings feature descrip- 
tive text that provides information about the kinds of woods available, 
how ornamentation might appear, and what finishing details could be in- 
corporated into the designs. Holes in the corners of the pages suggest that 
the drawings may have been hung in the shop or were at one time part of 
a larger portfolio. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 334. 

1109. John T. Ropes & Co. 

Bills and receipts. 1838-69. 

90 items. 

The firm of John T. Ropes & Co. was a wholesale and retail dealer in 

stoves, stovepipes, and tinware. It was operated by John T. and William 

Ropes of Salem, Massachusetts. 

Collection includes bills and receipts for stoves and stove accessories, such 

as oven doors, grates, soapstone backings, and copper boilers, that the 

Ropes company bought and then resold to its customers. Plumbing fixtures 

were also purchased. Illustrative vignettes decorate some bills. 

Collection 533. 

1110. John W. Trull & Co. 
Wastebook. 1825-27. 

Downs Collection ami Archives 293 

269 p.; 35 cm. 

John W. Trull was a Boston-based distiller. A number of other Boston-based 
distillers shared the surname Trull (namely Ezra Trull and John Trull) and 
may have been relatives of John. 

Wastebook contains records of the firm's daily transactions selling rum, 
brandy, and gin to people in and around Boston and throughout New En- 
Folio 4. 

1111. Johnson, Benjamin, 1766-1822? 
Diary. 1797-97. 

512 p.; 23 X 29 cm. 

Benjamin Johnson enjoyed a successful career as a printer and bookseller 
first in Reading, Pennsylvania, and later in Philadelphia. He was an active 
member of the Society of Friends. 

Diary records the activities of Johnson and his companions on a European 
trip through England, Germany, the Netherlands, and France. They under- 
took their journey to reestablish contact with Quakers in Europe, to hold 
meetings, and to heal a rift in the Quaker community at Congenies, France. 
Johnson's observations offer marvelous documentation on late eighteenth- 
century European society and living conditions. His encounters with lumi- 
naries of the era, including John Quincy Adams, James Monroe, Benjamin 
West, and Thomas Paine, are described. 
Fourteen-page outline of trip available. 
Document 260; Microfilm M3000. 

1112. Johnson, Isaac. 
Copybook. 1827-28, 1839^1. 
1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 33 cm. 

Isaac Johnson, a resident of Colebrookdale, Pennsylvania, used this book 
from 1827 to 1828 to record word problems that illustrate mathematical 
concepts. Volume also contains three pages of farm accounts, dated from 
1839 to 1841. Hand-colored engravings with captions in German depict 
people engaged in various occupations and endeavors. 
Document 686. 

1113. Johnson, John. 

Bills and receipts. 1811-18. 

26 items. 

John Johnson was a ship carpenter in Baltimore. He probably owned a 

schooner called the Governor McKean. 

Items mentioned in these bills and receipts include shirts, coats, and boots; 

food and liquor; book and magazine subscriptions; and cordage, spikes, 

and stone ballast. 

Collection 528. 

294 Guide to the Wmtertlmr Libiaty 

1114. Johnson, Ralph Cross. 
Daybooks. 1815-16, 1820. 

2 vols.; 40 cm. 

Ralph Cross Johnson operated a general store in Belfast, Maine. 
Volume documents the activities of a general merchant and the products 
that he sold. If Johnson did not have a requested item on hand, he regu- 
larly placed special orders to satisfy his customers. 
Folio 137. 

1115. Johnson, William Woolsey. 
Account book. 1870-72. 

1 vol.; 15 cm. 

Volume consists of William Woolsey Johnson's account with A. G. Scott for 

household supplies and dry goods, including a washboard, clothesline, 

dishes, fabrics, ribbons, baskets, and thread. 

Document 881 . 

1116. Jones, Asa. 

Account book. 1790-1840. 
420 p.; 32 cm. 

Asa Jones was a furnituremaker and housebuilder from Bridgewater, Mas- 

Book records Jones's work as a woodworker as well as his agricultural ac- 
tivities. He also wrote about making cider at his mill and "carrying you to 
town meeting." 
Document 596. 

1117. Jones, Barbara. 

Research notes on Deborah Logan. 

3 boxes. 

Barbara Jones earned her M.A. from the University of Delaware in 1964. 

She wrote her thesis on Deborah Logan, a prominent Philadelphian of the 

late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. 

Collection consists of Jones's transcriptions of Deborah Logan's diaries as 

well as draft versions of Jones's thesis, a Logan family genealogy, and work 

done on a name index of the diaries. 

Diary originals located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Microfilm 

copies located at Winterthur. 

See entry 1254 for a description of Deborah Logan's diary. 

Collection 359. 

1118. Jones, D. F. 

Exercise book. Ca. 1840-60. 
15 p.: ill.; 52 x 41 cm. 

Downs CoUectiofi and Archwes 295 

D. F. Jones was probably a student at a military school at the time that he 
maintained this exercise book. Evidence suggests that he was Floyd Jones, 
a prominent Civil War general. 

Book consists of fifteen orthographic and perspective drawings of geomet- 
ric shapes. All are signed by Jones and W. B. Blair, 1st lieut., 2nd Infantry. 
Folio 227. 

1119. Jones, Edward P., d. 1953. 

Congregational meetinghouses in Connecticut: 190 white Connecticut 
meeting houses and 54 brick or stone edifices erected by Congregational 
churches organized between one hundred and three hundred and eighteen 
years ago. 1948. 
151 p.: ill.; 24 cm. 

Edward P. Jones lived in Winsted, Connecticut. 

In his introduction Jones wrote: "The intent of this treatise is to trace Con- 
gregationalism from little parishes in England between 1620 and 1630 to 
the modern church of today." Jones includes descriptions of 244 churches, 
often with illustrations of the church exteriors. A list within the volume in- 
cludes the names of churches, dates when they were organized, and the 
names of their ministers. 
Document 518. 

1120. Jones, George H. 

Inlay samples. Ca. 1900-1925. 
1 sheet; 70 x 10 cm. 

George H. Jones worked in New York City. It is unclear if he made furni- 
ture inlays or simply sold them. 

There are fifty-seven samples of inlay affixed to this single sheet. Various 
woods were used to make their geometric patterns and desigi\s. Each sam- 
ple is numbered and priced per yard. 
Folio 293. 

1121. Jordan, Marsh & Co. 
Swatchbook. Ca. 1865. 
35 leaves; 19 x 23 cm. 

The company was located at 450^56 Washington Street, Boston, when it 
issued this sample book. 

Contains 198 small swatches of black cloth grouped six to a page. The in- 
troductory notice states: "the very latest Foreign Fabrics in the newest de- 
signs and colorings . . . each style is designated by its own number, and the 
width and price plainly marked." 
Collection 50. 

1122. Joseph Breck & Sons. 

Records. 1829-1906, bulk 1830-40. 
Approx. 135 items. 

296 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Library 

Joseph Breck & Sons was a Boston-based seed and agricultural implements 
wholesaler and retailer. Its founder, horticulturist and botanist Joseph 
Breck, was a lifelong Massachusetts resident, prominent author and editor, 
and president of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. In addition to 
maintaining the store, Joseph Breck & Sons also published periodicals, 
most prominently The Nexo England Farmer, and eventually issued cata- 
logues for seeds and agricultural implements. 

Collection documents Breck's business and publishing activities in letters, 
orders for various fruit trees, records of shipments, and bills and receipts 
for a variety of products. 
Collection 517. 

1123. Joshua Fisher & Sons. 
Account books. 1784-88, 1792-97. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Joshua Fisher & Sons was a family of merchants who operated a firm in 

The two account books in this collection include import-export records. 
Though the volumes indicate that the Fishers bought and sold a wide vari- 
ety of goods, it is clear that they specialized in textiles. The firm established 
strong connections to a number of London-based traders. 
Original manuscripts in private hands at the time of microfilming. 
Microfilm M664. 

1124. Journal of sawing. 1849-50. 
20 leaves; 19 cm. 

The unidentified keeper of this manuscript lived in Sussex County, Dela- 

Entries record the wood products sawed, including scantling, lathe, planks, 
and boards. Records indicate the number of lots sold and sizes of orders in 
terms of feet. Names of customers and the prices paid are recorded as well. 
Document 254. 

1125. Journey from England through Sweden, Denmark, Russia, Prussia, Ger- 
many. 1817-18. 

2 vols.; 19 cm. or smaller. 

The unknown writer of this travel account may have lived in London. 
The traveler wrote about the people he encountered and the landmarks he 
visited, including the Hermitage, the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg, and 
the Czar's warships. He also traveled to Paris and visited the Louvre, No- 
tre Dame, and the Palace of Luxembourg. 
Document 593. 

1126. Joy, George S. 

Music manuscript. Ca. 1795-1820. 
35 leaves; 11 x 21 cm. 

Dmtms Collection and Archives 297 

Manuscript includes music for seventy-one named pieces, including jigs, 
polkas, hornpipes, cotillions, and marches. Joy's signature appears on three 
separate leaves toward the back of the volume, and one is dated 1820. Pa- 
per watermarked 1790, 1793, and 1795. 
Document 167. 

1127. Judd, Asa. 
Notebook. 1801-2. 
11 leaves; 16 cm. 

Asa Judd may have lived in Boston. 

Manuscript documents what Judd owned and purchased over a two-year 
period. Items mentioned include food, clothes, dry goods, household fur- 
nishings, and kitchen utensils. 
Document 1073. 

1128. Jullien, editor. 

Les Anamorphoses. Ca. 1870. 
1 game (24 cards): col. ill. 

An example of anamorphic art, this game consists of hand-painted cards 
and a metal cylinder that is used by viewers to clarify the distorted images 
on the cards. Images on the cards include a king and queen, robber, men 
and women engaged in various activities, and animals in costume. It came 
from France and bears the inscription: "Merry Christmas Seymour from 
Aunt Susan, 1871." 
Collection 220. 

1129. Jutau, John. 

Receipt book. 1784-1835, bulk 1784. 

68 p.; 10x17 cm. 

John Jutau was an auctioneer in Boston. The last time he was included in a 

city directory was 1820. Thereafter his widow, Mary, was listed. 

Manuscript contains receipts signed by customers who bought items at Ju- 

tau's auctions. Jutau sold a wide variety of goods, including products for 

the household, clothing, produce, and other "sundries." 

At the back of Jutau's manuscript are ten pages of unrelated material for a 

J. Conant of Greenwich, Connecticut, and later Monson, Massachusetts. 

Name index available. 

Document 172. 

1130. Kane, Granville. 
Account book. 1884-86. 
1 vol.; 31 cm. 

Granville Kane probably resided with his family in Tuxedo Park, New 

298 Guide lo the Wiiiterthur Librniy 

Volume records Kane's household expenses over a three-year period. En- 
tries are arranged by category: housekeeping, gas and fuel, amusements, 
travel, etc. The names of some vendors are listed. 
Document 490. 

1131. Kane, jane D. L. 
Recipe book. Ca. 1850. 
17 leaves; 21 cm. 

Manuscript contains recipes for foods and medicines as well as household 
receipts. Food recipes include directions for making puddings, beer, cakes, 
pickles, pickled oysters, vinegars, syrups, and mustards. Instructions for 
curing meats are also included. Medicinal cures include directions for re- 
lieving sprains and coughs, and there are recipes for cold cream and "yel- 
low wash," or paint. 
Partial index available. 
Document 984. 

1132. Kearney, Robert L. 
Journal. 1831-34. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Robert L. Kearney was a pictureframer from Albany, New York. 

Account book was used to record domestic items that Kearney purchased, 

including floor coverings, furniture, hardware, metals, wood, textiles, and 


Original manuscript located at Baker Library, Harvard University. 

Microfilm M1964.4. 

1133. Kelley, Micajah. 
Account book. 1783-1811. 
76 p.; 33 cm. 

Micajah Kelley was a furnituremaker (specializing in chairs) and a weaver 
from Gilmantown, New Hampshire. 

Many of the entries in this account book record orders for chairs and chair 
frames and for mending and bottoming chairs. Kelley also built and re- 
paired beds, tables, and a variety of other kinds of furniture. He also wove 
cloth for blankets, towels, and handkerchiefs. He mentions some agricul- 
tural pursuits as well. 
Name index available. 
Document 423. 

1134. Kelly, Amasa. 
Bookplate. 1786. 

1 item; 8x10 cm. 

"The Property of Amasa Kelly 1786" is printed in the center of a hand- 
drawn, elliptical border of red, black, and green inks. 

Dozens Collect ioti ami Archives 299 

The plate is pasted in the sixth edition of A Dictiouari/, English-Latin, Latin- 
English . . . , by EHsha Coles (London: Printed by J. Richardson for Pater 
Parker, 1677). 
Document 58. 

1135. Kendrick, Samuel. 
Account book. 1816^3. 
2 vols.; 38 cm. 

Samuel Kendrick was a manufacturer of carding machines, a liveryman, 
and a carpenter who worked in Amesbury, Massachusetts. 
Volumes document Kendrick's work making carding machines. He sold his 
machines to local textile manufacturers and to businesses abroad. Included 
are several premanufacturing agreements with customers. Kendrick sup- 
plemented his income by transporting goods for other people, making rope 
and hatboxes, performing light carpentry work, and turning wood. 
Folio 295. 

1136. Kennedy, Robert. 
Account book. 1847-53. 
1 vol.; 13 cm. 

Robert Kennedy lived in New London, Connecticut. 
Manuscript records Kennedy's expenses for domestic items over a seven- 
year period. 
Document 476. 

1137. Kennedy, Robert. 
Daybook. 1797-99. 
28 leaves; 34 cm. 

Robert and John Kennedy operated a sawmill near Killingly, Connecticut. 
Daybook documents the Kennedys' sawmilling activities. To supplement 
their income, they farmed oats, corn, and rye and repaired wagons and 
such wooden farm implements as plows and harrows. 
Document 1051. 

1138. Kensington Mfg. Co. 
Scrapbook. 1912-17. 
1 vol.: ill.; 40 cm. 

The Kensington Mfg. Co. made English-style reproduction furniture and 
imported art objects. The company was created when the John Somma Co. 
reorganized in 1913. John Somma was the president of the Kensington Mfg. 
Co. at the time this volume was kept. 

Scrapbook contains clippings of advertisements from The Decorative Fur- 
nisher and Upholsterer as well as circulars promoting the furniture offered 
by the Kensington Mfg. Co. Advertisements depict furniture in room set- 
tings. Text describes the firm and its intention to adhere to period designs. 
Folio 214. 

300 Guide lo the Wiiiterlluir Library 

1139. Kent, Daniel H. 
Daybooks. 1832-39. 
2 vols.; 20 cm. 

Daniel H. Kent was a hatter in Westport, New York. 

Manuscript volumes record the production and sale of hats. In 1835 Kent 

listed the number of hats that he made each month. 

Document 392. 

1140. Kent, Ellen. 
Album. 1833-60. 
1 vol.: ill.; 21 cm. 

Ellen Kent lived in northern Delaware. 

Album consists of signatures and accompanying poems and sayings re- 
corded by Kent's friends and relatives. Several engravings were inserted as 
well. Volume was a present from a W. Shortledge. 
Finding aid available. 
Document 520. 

1141. Kent, William. 

Drawings of Holkham Hall. Ca. 1725. 

1 microfilm reel. 

William Kent served an apprenticeship to a coachmaker in Yorkshire, En- 
gland. In 1703 he moved to London to study painting and, in 1710, trav- 
eled to Rome to further his studies. In Italy he met Thomas Coke, first earl 
of Leicester, who became his patron. 

Kent's drawings document the earl's country dwelling, Holkham Hall. 
They include illustrations of interiors, exteriors, and some of the landscape. 
Drawings owned by the current Earl of Leicester at the time of filming. 
Microfilm M845. 

1142. Kent, William Winthrop. 
Sketchbook and trade catalogue. 1927-34. 

2 vols.: ill. (some col.) 

William Winthrop Kent was an architect and designer who also wrote 
books on hooked rugs, handicrafts, and architecture. 

Sketchbook entitled "Sketches and Notes Made in Rome and Other Parts of 
Italy and North Africa, etc. Mostly in 1927" includes eleven hundred draw- 
ings, many of which are of mosaics. The trade catalogue is from the Firth 
Carpet Company and contains loose sheets of rugs that Kent designed. 
Document 621. 

1143. Kermit family. 
Bills. 1796-1823. 
10 folders; 26 cm. 

Doums Collection and Archives 301 

Henry Kermit was a sea captain from New York City. He lived at 19 Wall 
Street until he constructed a home at 84-85 Greenwich Street around 1801 
or 1802. He may have had a son named Robert Kermit. 
Collection of bills documents the Kent family's household expenses. Many 
relate to the construction of their house on Greenwich Street, which fea- 
tured Italian brass, marble, wallpaper, carpeting, ornamental carvings, and 
draperies. Also included are bills for the purchase and/or repair of har- 
nesses, carriages, clocks, watches, guns, and bayonets. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 427. 

1144. Kerr, Letitia Louisa. 

Book of patterns for work of different kinds. 1826. 
53 leaves: ill.; 21 cm. 

Hand-drawn designs of leaves, flowers, animals, and geometric figures to 
be used as patterns for needlework. Notations indicate intended uses of de- 
signs, such as corners of pocket handkerchiefs, ribbon work, collarettes, 
and cut velvet for curtains. 

Though the paper features an English watermark (Fincher & Sons and 
dated 1825), the brand was used in America as well as Britain and thus 
leaves the origin of the book uncertain. 
Document 36. 

1145. Kershner family. 

Papers. 1750-1908, bulk 1750-1848. 
1 box. 

Members of the Kershner family were early settlers of Berks County, Penn- 

Collection contains deeds, maps, and legal documents relating to the 
Collection 40. 

1146. Keyworth, Mrs. T. 
Cookbook. 1820?-70? 
140 p.; 20 cm. 

Because Mrs. Keyworth is mentioned several times in the volume, she is 
assumed to be its original owner. She may have lived in Nottingham, En- 

Book consists of recipes for food preparation written in a number of hands. 
Thirty-six pages contain recipes for medicines and such household prepa- 
rations as glue, ink, and furniture oil. 
Document 74. 

1147. Kidder family. 
Papers. 1799-1864. 
1 box. 

302 Guide to the Wiiilerthtir Library 

Members of the Kidder family originally lived in Massachusetts and later 
moved to upstate New York. John Kidder was involved in community poli- 
tics in Batavia, New York. 

Collection contains business, estate, and personal papers of the Kidder 
family. Minutes from a political meeting, a letter reflecting Kidder's politi- 
cal sentiments, two letters referring to the Civil War, and two pieces of 
Confederate currency round out the collection. 
Collection 527. 

1148. Killgore, George. 
Music book. 1780-1820. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 26 x 16 cm. 

George Killgore, a Pennsylvanian, contributed the artwork to this volume 

of Robert Killgore's sheet music. 

Volume opens with folk art illustrations of two horses, the sun, and the 

moon. Killgore's Fraktur-style decorative motifs include birds, flowers, 

leaves, and hexagons. 

Document 707. 

1149. Killiam, Joseph W. 
Account book. 1861-64. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Joseph Killiam was a furnituremaker from Walton, New Hampshire. 
Entries document the types and dimensions of furniture that Killiam made, 
including bureaus, commodes, tables, sinks, and beds. He seems to have 
shipped furniture parts to New York City and Boston for assembly in those 
cities. Killiam recorded dimensions of shipping crates as well as some ship- 
ping charges. 
Document 719. 

1150. Kimball, Kennedy & Co. 
Account book. 1831-41. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Kimball, Kennedy & Co. was a firm of weavers based in Plainfield and 

Windham, Connecticut. 

Book records income and expenses associated with weaving. Mentioned 

throughout the volume are such items as red flannel, stocking yarn, wool, 

and calico. Accounts for the purchase of wool, leather products, and cow 

hide are also recorded. 

Name index at front of volume. 

Document 754. 

1151. Kimball & Gould. 
Bills. 1847-49. 

25 items. 

Downs Collectum iiiiii Archives 303 

William Kimball and Andrew Gould were the proprietors of Kimball & 
Gould, a general store in eastern Massachusetts. 

Most of this collection contains bills recording the purchases of Kimball 
and Gould, presumably for resale in their store. Items mentioned include 
glassware, lamps, cigar stands, lumber, buttons, and dry goods. A bill for 
dyeing a shawl and for the purchase of a linen dress and a pair of socks is 
also included. Other bills note repairs to harnesses, a carriage, and a 
Collection 477. 

1152. King Card Co. 

Agent's sample book. 1870-90. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 18 cm. 

Includes thirty-two samples of calling and greeting cards in a variety of 

colors and designs. Illustrations with flowers and birds predominate. Most 

samples bear a number and price. 

Document 282. 

1153. Kingsley, Sam W. 

Account book. 1824^14, bulk 1824-25. 
12 leaves; 17 cm. 

Includes accounts with G. M. Company, which suggest that Kingsley bar- 
tered weaving services for room and board, food, and other domestic 
Document 4. 

1154. Kinsey, John W. 
Diary. 1850. 

40 p.; 21 cm. 

John W. Kinsey was born into a Quaker household in Philadelphia. By 1850 
he was working for the Lowell Machine Shop in Lowell, Massachusetts. 
Diary records a trip that Kinsey and a friend named Bemans took as far 
west as Chicago, Illinois, during the summer of 1850. Their itinerary led 
them from Lowell to Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C., and 
then into the Midwest. On their return trip they traveled eastward along 
the Great Lakes into New York and, finally, through New England. 
Document 269. 

1155. Kippin, William. 
Receipt book. 1771-1812. 
1 vol.; 16x11 cm. 

William Kippin of New York City included receipts for purchases of 
leather, beef, pine logs, and a bedstead, although most of his entries relate 
to shop rent, house rent, and property taxes. 
Document 658. 

304 Guide to the Wiiiterthtir Library 

1156. Kirkbride, William. 
Diary. 1868-69, bulk 1868. 
130 p.; 33 cm. 

William Kirkbride was a clerk who lived with his parents in the Spring 
Garden section of Philadelphia. 

Diary consists mostly of entries that relate to Kirkbride's social life. He 
courted Mame Churchman, worked in a store, regularly attended church 
and political meetings, joined a group called "The Invinsibles" (perhaps a 
forerunner to a Mummers association), and traveled to such places as New 
York City; Cape May, New Jersey; West Point, New York; and Poughkeep- 
sie, New York. 
Document 152. 

1157. Kite, Nathan, d. 1867. 
Estate records. 1844-83. 
2 vols.; 15 cm. 

Nathan Kite lived in Philadelphia, where he died on January 4, 1867. 
Includes a receipt book kept by Nathan Kite from 1844 to 1867 as a trustee 
of several estates of Philadelphia residents as well as a memorandum book 
kept from 1867 to 1883 relating to the settlement of his own estate. 
Document 628. 

1158. Klauder family. 
Scrapbook. 1908. 
1 vol.; 18 cm. 

Marie and Anna Klauder resided in Philadelphia with their mother. 
Scrapbook contains twenty-seven letters written to Marie and Anna by 
other children or their mothers, responding to an invitation to a leap-year 
party. There is also a five-page description of the party. 
Document 951. 

1159. Klemer, Catharina. 
Illuminated music book. 1808. 
1 vol.: ill.; 20 X 11 cm. 

Catharina Klemer resided in Lower Milford Township, Pennsylvania, when 

she received this volume as a gift. 

Includes music and lyrics to 172 tunes. Some decorative lettering appears 

in the volume, and the first page features a Fraktur-style flower illustration 

within a decorative border Text is in German. 

Document 768. 

1160. Kline, Jacob. 

Account book. 1790-1811. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Jacob Kline worked as a tanner in the vicinity of Hanover, Pennsylvania. 

Dmms Collection ami Archives 305 

Book documents the activities, tools, and materials of the tanning trade. In- 
cludes information about such items as leather for soles and uppers, sheep 
and calf skins, and quarts of oil. 

Original account book located at the Hanover Public Library in Hanover, 
Microfilm M2988. 

1161. Kline, Jonas. 
Account book. 1856-78. 
400 p.; 31 cm. 

Jonas Kline (sometimes referred to as John) worked as a blacksmith in Liv- 
erpool Township, Pennsylvania. 

Manuscript contains a record of accounts with area residents for making, 
repairing, and sharpening metal products. 
Original name index bound in at front. 
Document 133. 

1162. Knight, Erastus. 
Inventory of goods. 1839-46. 
65 leaves; 40 cm. 

According to the 1840 census, Erastus Knight lived in Thompson, Connecti- 

Manuscript records the inventory in Knighf s store, taken each January 
over the course of seven years. The first four leaves have been used as a 
Folio 26. 

1163. Knodle's Antique Store. 

Sales book and photographs. 1919-23. 
1 vol.: ill.; 38 cm. 

Knodle's Antique Store was located in Hagerstown, Maryland. Its proprie- 
tor was Edward Knodle, a collector and dealer of early American antiques 
and an authority on Chippendale, Hepplewhite, Sheraton, Duncan Phyfe, 
and Pennsylvania German furniture. 

Volume features more than three hundred photographs of American deco- 
rative art objects, most likely purchased by Knodle for resale. Many are ac- 
companied by handwritten notations. In addition, there are some records 
documenting sales of other antiques. 
Document 883. 

1164. Knowlton, Moses F. 

Cash, invoice, sales & bill book. 1837, 1839. 

17 p.; 19x21 cm. 

Records items purchased and sold at Moses F. Knowlton's general store in 

Wendell, New Hampshire. Such items as food, fabric, crockery, and tools 

are mentioned. 

Document 855. 

306 Guide to llw Wiiilcrthur Librnry 

1165. Knox, Thomas P. 
Certificates. 1855-61. 
3 items: col. ill. 

Thomas P. Knox resided in eastern Pennsylvania and probably owned a 
farm on which he raised horses and cattle. 

Knox was awarded a certificate as a lifetime member of the Pennsylvania 
State Agricultural Society, a diploma from the Montgomery County Agri- 
cultural Society for his cows, and a diploma from the East Pennsylvania 
Agricultural and Mechanical Society for one of his mares. The certificates 
feature hand-colored illustrations of country scenes and ornate decorative 
Folio 80. 

1166. Krimmel, John Lewis, 1789-1821. 
Sketchbooks. 1809-21. 

7 vols.: ill. (some col.) 

John Lewis Krimmel was a genre and portrait painter. Born in Ebingen, 
Wiirttemberg, he immigrated to the United States in 1810 and settled in 
Philadelphia. He returned to Germany in 1817 but moved back to Philadel- 
phia two years later. In 1821 members of the Association of American Art- 
ists elected him president. Several months later he accidentally drowned 
near Germantown, Pennsylvania. 

Consists of seven sketchbooks in watercolor, pencil, and pen-and-ink. 
Sketches are of country and village scenes, harbors and ports, river views, 
children, women engaged in various domestic activities, anatomical depic- 
tions, and streetscapes. One volume contains studies for three of Krimmel's 
paintings: A Counhy Wedding, Neios of Pence, and Retiini fnvti Market. Cap- 
tions to sketches are written in both English and German. 
Photographs of all sketches as well as microfilm available. 
Collection 308; Microfilm M186. 

1167. Kroeger, Katie C. 
Sketches and drawings. 1883. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 21 x 30 cm. 

Katie C. Kroeger attended the Maryland State Normal School in Baltimore 
at the time that she maintained this volume. 

Includes twenty-one painted drawings and numerous pencil sketches. Most 
illustrations feature plants, flowers, geometric designs, or ornamental mo- 
Document 656. 

1168. Kunkel, Christian, 1757-1823. 
Ledgers. 1792-1824. 

2 vols.; 44 cm. or smaller. 

Downs Collection ami Archives 307 

Christian Kunkel was a native of Germany. He immigrated to Pennsylvania 
in 1766 and, twenty years later, established a mercantile partnership with 
his brother-in-law, George Hoyer, in Harrisburg. Kunkel's son, George, was 
also a merchant. Kunkel was active in Harrisburg's religious and civic af- 

Manuscripts contain financial records relating to Kunkel's business. 
Though Kunkel seldom mentioned commodities that he sold, he often re- 
corded that he was paid in products or services. First portion of text is in 
German. Later entries are in English. 
See entry 1169. 

Name index included in second volume. 
Folio 140. 

1169. Kunkel, George. 
Ledger. 1810-16. 
288 p.; 43 cm. 

George Kunkel was the eldest son of Christian and Anna Hoyer Kunkel. 

He became a merchant, like his father. 

Volume documents financial transactions for Kunkel's store. Goods are 

mentioned only when they came to Kunkel as payments for commodities 

that he sold. 

See entry 1168. 

Name index available. 

Folio 141. 

1170. Kunze, John Christopher, 1744-1807. 
Notebook. 1785-93. 

154 p.; 19 cm. 

John Christopher Kunze, a Lutheran minister, was born in Saxony and 
graduated from the University of Leipzig in 1763. He came to America in 
1770 to assume a pastorate in Philadelphia under Henry Melchoir Muhlen- 
berg, the patriarch of the Lutheran Church in America. In 1784 Kunze 
moved to New York City, where he served as cleric to Christ Church. He 
taught Asian languages at Columbia College, wrote many books, partici- 
pated in New York society, and married the daughter of his mentor. 
Much of what Kunze included in his volume appears in the form of lists: 
memorable dates in American history, the counties of New York, the popu- 
lation of the United States by state, and salaries of government officials. He 
also describes a Chinese worship service and records the recipes for medic- 
inal remedies. 
Document 571. 

1171. Kurtz family 
Papers. 1828-84. 
1 envelope. 

308 Guide to the Wiiilerthur Librniy 

The Kurtz family consisted of a long line of furnituremakers from Jarretts- 
ville, Maryland. Martin and Edmund G. Kurtz built a wide variety of fur- 
niture forms and coffins. 

Papers relate to the production of furniture by the Kurtz family and in- 
clude materials on coffinmaking and local funerals; Martin Kurtz's estate; a 
daybook containing accounts of a Philadelphia shipping partnership that 
could have been a sample ledger used to illustrate bookkeeping; recipes for 
treating and dyeing wood; and daybook entries for making and repairing 
various forms of furniture. 

Catalogues and broadsides received by the Kurtz furnituremakers are in 
the Printed Books and Periodicals Collection, Winterthur Library. 
Collection 10. 

1172. L. Prang & Co. 
Collection. 1864-1900. 
13 items: col. ill. 

Louis Prang was a lithographer, wood engraver, and educator. Born in 1824 
in Bresslau, Germany, from age thirteen through eighteen he served as an 
apprentice in his father's calico printing and dyeing factory. He then 
moved to Westphalia to study the techniques of printing and dyeing. Prang 
fled Germany in 1848 and settled in Boston by 1850. He entered a litho- 
graphic partnership with Julius Mayer before establishing his own firm in 
1860. He initially produced trade cards, announcements, and various kinds 
of advertisements but soon became known for excellence in chromolithog- 
raphy In 1882 Prang established the Prang Educational Company. He re- 
tired from active business in 1899, and his company was sold to the Ameri- 
can Crayon Company in 1918. 

Collection includes proof books showing the color progression of chromo- 
lithographic images, greeting cards, albums and album cards, a map of 
Boston, teaching aids, canceled checks signed by Prang, and a letter from 
Edwin Austin Abbey, an American illustrator and muralist. 
Collection 201. 

1173. Labels. 1840-60. 
16 items: ill. 

Labels were intended for use in identifying bolts of cloth. They were made 
from silver paper on which a design or illustration was embossed. 
Collection 273. 

1174. Labor account book. 1869-72. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Manuscript records the hours worked by several employees of an un- 
named Newark, New Jersey, manufacturer of school furnishings and scien- 
tific apparatus. The name William Griffin appears on the inside of the back 
cover, though it is uncertain if he was associated with the manufacturing 

Doums Collection ami Archives 309 

firm. Particulars about the type of work done and amount of time ex- 
pended are quite detailed; these reveal that the company manufactured 
desks and "settees" of various sizes and styles, chairs, blackboard frames, 
inkwells, tellurians, condensers, bell chimes, and gyroscopes. 
Document 1033. 

1175. Lace samples. 1830-70. 
24 p.; 58 cm. 

Consists of around five hundred variously sized and patterned samples of 
machine-made lace. Each bears a small paper label on which is printed 
"A. L. L." Item numbers and prices are listed. The volume may have origi- 
nated in the shop of a Nottingham, England, lace producer. 
Collection 50. 

1176. Lackawanna Leather Co. 

Genuine upholstery leather: official upholstery leather colors. Ca. 1969. 

1 item. 

The Lackawanna Leather Co. of Hackettstown, New Jersey, made and sold 


Consists of samples of the colors and types of leather sold by the firm. 

Each sample bears a stock number and the name of its color. 

Collection 107. 

1177. Ladd, Fred. 

Record of personal expenditures. 1888-89. 
32 p.; 17 cm. 

Fred Ladd lived in or near Concord, New Hampshire. 
Volume includes a six-month record of Ladd's personal expenditures from 
June 1888 to January 1889. Ladd purchased food, clothing, and domestic 
goods, such as a lamp shade, lamp, curtain stick, door spring, and carpet- 
ing. He also had a footrest mended, a piano tuned, and a lantern repaired. 
Document 224. 

1178. LaFarge, John, 1835-1910. 
Collection. 1862-1940. 

1 folder -I- 1 vol.: ill. 

New York artist John LaFarge was a preeminent muralist, stained-glass de- 
signer, and chronicler of life in the South Seas. He graduated from Mount 
St. Mary's College in Maryland and, before becoming an artist, briefly read 
law. He studied art in Europe from 1856 to 1858 and then with William 
Morris Hunt in Newport, Rhode Island. LaFarge painted landscapes and 
flower studies until about 1876, when he began working on murals and 
stained glass. 

Collection includes a sketchbook containing pencil sketches of human fig- 
ures that appear to be studies for paintings. Biographical material includes 
tearsheets of magazine articles on LaFarge and a 1936 manuscript by 

310 Guide to the Wiutertlmr Lihrari/ 

Charles Cunningham comparing the work of LaFarge with that of Winslow 


List of drawings in sketchbook and the paintings to which they relate is 


Collection 443. 

1179. LaFond, Edward F. 

Research notes. 1964-90, bulk 1988-89. 
21 boxes: ill. 

Edward F. LaFond graduated from the Winterthur Program in Early Amer- 
ican Culture in 1964. He worked as a consultant in antiques, furniture, and 
architecture at the time that he compiled these research notes. 
Notes document the clocks owned by the Henry Francis du Pont Winter- 
thur Museum. Material includes biographies of clockmakers, information 
about clock construction, and photographs of the clock collection. Essays 
on tall clocks, wall and shelf clocks, and bracket clocks; a glossary of terms; 
and a clock bibliography are included as well. 
Finding aid available. 
Archives 16. 

1180. Laidacker, Samuel H., 1902-94. 
Papers. 1880-1987. 

79 boxes. 

Samuel H. Laidacker was an antiques dealer, collector, author, editor, pub- 
lisher, and lecturer. He specialized in early American glassware and Anglo- 
American historical ceramics. He also dealt in furniture, prints, firearms, 
stamps, and coins. 

Consists of Laidacker's business papers, correspondence, card files, notes, 
sales lists, photographs, and printed material from antiques shows and 
auctions. One box of his father's (John Gideon Laidacker) papers are in- 
cluded as well. 
Folder title list available. 
Collection 64. 

1181. Lakin, Josephine Clara, 1844-? 
Diary 1859-97, bulk 1859-67. 
81 p.; 20 cm. 

Josephine (or Josie) Lakin attended the State Normal School in Framing- 
ham, Massachusetts, and graduated in 1862. She worked as a schoolteacher 
in Massachusetts during the Civil War. Her work took her to Paxton and 
Shrewsbury, both in Worcester County, Massachusetts. Evidence suggests 
that she married someone named Sanborn and lived in the Jamaica Plain 
section of Boston in the 1890s. 

Josie maintained the diary from age fifteen through twenty. She recorded 
her feelings about her mother's death, her lack of friends, and her doubts 

Doums Collection and Archives 311 

about her religious faith. She also recorded her social activities and roman- 
tic attachments. Thirty years after she kept the diary, Josie recorded her re- 
flections on the things she had written many years before. 
Document 130. 

1182. Lambert, John. 

Account book. 1808-15, 1854-57. 

1 vol.; 33 cm. 

John Lambert was a ship joiner in Philadelphia. In 1808 and 1809, he 

worked in partnership with someone named Davis. In 1812 he moved to 

nearby Chester. 

Included are joiner's records, kept from 1808 to 1809; Lambert's minutes of 

employment with a Dr. Strong, kept in 1810; a daily record of Lambert's 

work — chiefly carpentry — for various individuals, kept from 1810 to 1814; 

miscellaneous accounts dating from 1815; and a contract between Harwell 

Carper and Lambert along with other documents relating to the sale of 

property in Pittsford, New York, kept from 1854 to 1857. 

Name index available. 

Document 763. 

1183. Lambert, John, d. 1823. 
Account book. 1823-25. 
1 vol.; 17 cm. 

John Lambert was from Lambertville, New Jersey. 

Lists items sold when Lambert's estate was liquidated, who bought each 

item, and how much the items cost. 

Document 498. 

1184. Landes, Jacob R, 1791-1856. 
Account book. 1819-59. 

1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Jacob F. Landes was a furnituremaker and a Mennonite from Bedminster 
Township, Pennsylvania. He married Susanah Yoder in 1820. 
Manuscript is a forty-year record of Landes's furnituremaking and repair 
work. In 1837 he noted that his new apprentice was George Wismer. To- 
ward the back of the volume are recipes for producing varnish and various 
paint colors, including polished black, olive, gold, flesh, and fine brown. 
There are also drawings for embroidery. Accompanying the account book 
is a family genealogy for the Landes-Landis family. 
Document 845. 

1185. Landesin, Maria. 
Illuminated music book. 1813. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 9x17 cm. 

Maria Landesin, a Mennonite, was a student when she compiled this book. 

312 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Library 

Volume contains the Fraktur-style title page of a tune book given to Maria 
in 1813. It features an inscription in German and an illustration of an angel 
and two plants surrounded by a decorative border. The pages containing 
the music have been removed. Oliver Landes owned the book by 1863. 
Document 1061. 

1186. Landon, E. H. 

New Haven engines. 1908-12. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 20 x 15 cm. 

Volume contains more than forty drawings of various engines of the New 
Haven Railroad. A few are identified with labels, such as Hearty trustimrthi/ 
engine, shore line, reindeer, and freight. 
Document 796. 

1187. Landon, George. 
Account book. 1813-31. 
220 p.; 33 cm. 

George Landon was a furniture- and chairmaker from Erie, Pennsylvania. 
From August 1817 to 1819, Landon used this manuscript as a daybook. He 
consistently recorded accounts of his work. Landon turned table feet, 
mended wheels, painted furniture, fixed chairs, and made a variety of fur- 
niture using primarily cherry, curly maple, and pine woods. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 580; Microfilm M2998. 

1188. Lane, E. A. 
Daybook. 1879-81. 

2 vols.; 34 cm. or smaller. 

E. A. Lane was a japanner, house painter, and wallpaper hanger from Man- 
chester, Massachusetts. 

Daybook records Lane's work and the supplies that he used, including 
paint, rolls of wallpaper, putty, and varnish. 
Document 491. 

1189. Lane & Asher. 
Daybooks. 1834-61. 

3 vols.; 44 cm. 

Stephen P. Lane and Abijah Asher Jr. were merchants in Hollis, Massachu- 

In these daybooks Lane and Asher recorded sales of food, spices, linens, 
copper, lead, seeds, combs, and shoes. They also record that they rented 
houses to tenants and required the services of various craftsmen. 
Collection 281. 

1190. Lang, Mary V. H. 

The tragedy of Jack & Jill: old nursery rhyme. Ca. 1900. 

Downs Collection and Archives 313 

8 p.: col. ill.; 20 cm. 

Mary V. H. Lang was an illustrator. 

Consists of nine watercolor illustrations to accompany the text of the Jack 

and Jill story. 

Document 212. 

1191. Langton. 
Pattern book. 1798. 

23 leaves: col. ill.; 23 cm. 

The name "Langton" appears on the title page. No other clues to owner- 
ship are present. 

Volume contains watercolor designs of stylized flowers, leaves, butterflies, 
feathers, and other subjects, apparently for use in the decoration of porce- 
Document 40. 

1192. Lank, David, collector 
Milk bottle caps. 1940-59. 
1,700 items: ill. (some col.) 

David Lank collected most of these bottle caps by writing to American 

dairies asking for samples that they had available. 

Collection consists of both large, fold-over caps and smaller, inner caps. 

Most caps feature advertisements and /or designs. 

A companion collection of Canadian milk bottle caps is located at the Mc- 

Cord Museum, Montreal, Canada. 

Collection 113. 

1193. Lantern slides. 1880-1900. 
200 items: ill. 

Lantern slides of hand-painted romantic views and comic scenes. The art- 
ists illustrated works by Dickens, episodes in the lives of firefighters, Bible 
stories, and a western adventure. Some slides bear descriptive labels. Sets 
of slides that portray stories are numbered in the sequence in which they 
were to be shown. 
Collection 229. 

1194. Latimer family. 

Papers. 1801-60, bulk 181S-33. 
2 boxes. 

James Latimer founded his family's mercantile business in Delaware and 
participated in local politics. The papers of two of his sons, George (born in 
1750), who followed his father into business, and Henry (born in 1752), a 
doctor and member of both houses of the United States Congress, are in- 
cluded in the collection. Subsequent generations of Latimers, whose papers 
are maintained within the collection, engaged in the China trade, pursued 

314 Guiiie to the Winlertlutr Libran/ 

agricultural activities, and participated in the civic affairs of northern Dela- 

Collection includes two distinct sections, one dealing with Latimer house- 
hold expenses during the early decades of the nineteenth century, the other 
chronicling the China trade. China commerce is documented through bills; 
two letter books dating from 1815 to 1820; a record book kept from 1828 to 
1834 that details ship arrivals and departures from Canton, China, along 
with what they carried; a price and order book from 1833; and other docu- 

Finding aid available. 

Collection used in "A Delawarean in the Celestial Empire: John Richardson 
Latimer and the China Trade," by Joan Kerr Farley Thill (Master's thesis. 
University of Delaware, 1973). 

Other Latimer family papers at the University of Delaware. 
Collection 235; Microfilm M367. 

1195. Latrobe, Benjamin Henry, 1764-182 

The papers of Benjamin Henry Latrobe: the microtext edition. 1976. 
315 microfiche. 

English-born and German-educated Benjamin Henry Latrobe was an archi- 
tect and landscape and topographical painter. He served as chief architect 
of public buildings in Washington, D.C., and his designs were incorporated 
into the construction of the United States Capitol. 

The papers in this collection, gathered from a number of repositories, docu- 
ment Latrobe's professional career and include journals, letter books, pub- 
lished works, sketchbooks, and drawings. Latrobe's thoughts on politics, 
society, and science and letters to and from many notable figures of his day 
are recorded. 

Includes a published finding aid: The Cttiiie and Index to the Microfiche Edi- 
tion of the Papers of Benjawin Henri/ Latrobe, issued to accompany the micro- 

Edward C. Carter 11 served as editor-in-chief of the project, and Thomas E. 
Jeffrey served as microtext editor. 
Microfilm M2639. 

1196. Latta, Kalherine, 1889-1980. 
Paper doll. 1897. 

11 items. 

Katherinc Latta lived in the Chestnut Hill section of Philadelphia. She 

named her doll Barbara Lewis Latta. 

Collection consists of a paper doll and several costumes, headwear, and a 

bird. It may be of German origin. 

Collection 220. 

1197. Latta family. 
Papers. 1880-1930. 

Doums Collection and Archives 315 

1.3 cu. ft. 

Collection of papers relating to the family of William J. Latta (1852-1938), 
agent of the Pennsylvania Railroad and avid collector of Napoleonic ob- 
jects. Latta married Kitty Nigh Bingham, and they had five children. They 
lived in the Chestnut Hill section of Philadelphia in a house called Grey 
Arches, which remained in the family until it was torn down in 1958. The 
Lattas also owned a summer home. White Cedars, in Rockport, Maine. 
Collection includes household and personal bills, various types of railroad 
passes, visiting and reward-of-merit cards, family letters, diaries kept by 
daughter Rachel Latta, catalogues of sales of William J. Latta's collection of 
Napoleonic objects, and architectural drawings and other materials related 
to Grey Arches. 
Finding aid available. 

Papers of Rachel Latta Franck located at the Harlan Hatcher Graduate Li- 
brary of the University of Michigan. 
Collection 104. 

1198. Lauder, James. 
Account books. 1850-61. 
5 vols.; 42 cm or smaller. 

James Lauder operated a general store in Houlton, Maine. 
Collection includes ledgers, order books, daybooks, and records of ship- 
ments of goods to Lauder's store. Within these manuscripts are records of 
his wholesale purchases and retailing activities, an inventory of stock, and 
information on shipping costs. 
Index available. 
Collection 104. 

1199. Laughlin, Ledlie Irwin, 1890-1977. 
Research papers. 1926-73. 

25 boxes. 

In 1928 Ledlie I. Laughlin became assistant dean of freshmen at Princeton 

University and eventually the associate director of admissions. He retired 

from Princeton in 1953. Laughlin was a pewter collector and a member of 

the Pewter Collectors Club of America. 

Collection contains research notebooks and notecards about pewter and its 

makers, correspondence, records of touches of pewterers, and photographs. 

Most of this material was used for Laughlin's three-volume study. Pewter in 

America: Its Makers and Marks. 

Folder title listing available. 

Collection 58. 

1200. Law, William. 

Account book and correspondence. 1815-16. 
1 microfilm reel. 

316 Guide to the Wintertlmr Library 

William Law was the supercargo for the ship Lion. 

Includes accounts of New York merchants with their Chinese counterparts, 
ship manifests, lists of chinaware, and other miscellaneous papers. 
Original manuscripts located at the New York Public Library. 
Microfilm Ml 07. 

1201. Lawrence, Lucy W. 

Household account books. 1873-79. 
4 vols.; 17 cm. 

In 1873 Lucy W. Lawrence lived in Bangor, Maine, and, by 1877, had 
moved to Portland, Maine. Evidence suggests that she was married with 

Volumes include entries detailing daily expenses for the household. In ad- 
dition, there are monthly and annual summaries of income and expendi- 
tures for clothing, groceries, house rent, fuel, taxes, girl's wages, a pew fee, 
and magazine subscriptions. 
Document 221. 

1202. Lawrence Manufacturing Company. 
Business papers. 1862-1907. 

1 box. 

The Lawrence Manufacturing Company ran a cotton mill along the banks 
of the Merrimac River in Lowell, Massachusetts. It was incorporated in 
1830 and remained in business until about 1907. 

Collection contains bills that record the purchase of supplies needed to op- 
erate the mill and repairs to its textile machinery. There are invoices for 
bales of cloth and hosiery that the firm consigned to shippers. 
Collection 82. 

1203. Lazell, Perkins & Co. 
Papers. 1829-61. 
200 items. 

Lazell, Perkins & Co. was a machinist firm located in Bridgewater, Massa- 

Most of these papers are orders for large machined and cast-metal items, 
such as ship anchors, rolls for mills, pipes, shafts, iron hoops, coupling 
boxes, and wheels. Some papers record the purchase of scrap iron and pig 
Collection 530. 

1204. Le Gueult & Dulongraix. 
Letters. Ca. 1800. 

12 p.; 26 cm. 

The four letters in this volume are addressed to Le Gueult & Dulongraix 
from Cattres & Martin regarding purchases of fabric. Swatches of material 
sent with the letters show the types of material the two firms marketed. 
Collection 50. 

DoM'HS Collection and Archives 317 

1205. Leach, H. 
Photocards. 1865-70. 
13 items: ill. 

H. Leach, a resident of Boston, was a folk art carver and wood sculptor. He 

was particularly respected for ship carving. 

Collection is made up of albumen print cards made by T. R. Burnham to 

promote Leach's work. Animal heads, men and women on horses, and a 

family seal are depicted. 

Document 327. 

1206. Leader (brig). 
Account book. 1815-20. 
29 p.; 34 cm. 

Contains records of port charges, pilotage fees, provision bills, cash ad- 
vances to crew members, sundry disbursements, freight, and cost of cargo 
relating to voyages up and down the East Coast and to various European 
Document 189. 

1207. Leather, William H. 
Copybook. Ca. 1830. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Includes student handwriting exercises done in a volume sold by J. Grout 
of Worcester, Massachusetts. The front cover features a picture of a Native 
American aiming an arrow at a large antlered deer or elk. There is a multi- 
plication table on the back cover. 
Document 816. 

1208. Le Conte, John Eatton, 1784-1860. 

Extracts from portfolio of original figures of entomological and other sub- 
jects. Ca. 1820s. 
1 microfilm reel. 

John Eatton Le Conte was a naturalist and engineer who lived in New York 
City and, later, Philadelphia. The American Philosophical Society elected 
him to its membership in 1851. 

Drawings in this volume depict beetles, flies, spiders, butterflies, bees, and 
other flying insects. 
Summary of contents available. 

Further described on pages 76 and 77 of Guide to the Archives and Manu- 
script Collections of the American Philosophical Societi/, compiled by Whitfield 
J. Bell and Murphy D. Smith and published by the society in 1966. 
Original located at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia. 
Microfilm M838. 

1209. Leaming, Aaron, 1715-80. 
Account book. 1764-85. 

318 Guide to the Wintertliur Library 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Aaron Learning was a landowner, public officer, farmer, merchant, and 

state legislator. He lived in Cape May, New Jersey. 

Book records financial and other miscellaneous information relating to 

Leaming's business ventures and personal purchases. There are numerous 

references to agricultural activities, the training of apprentices, inoculations 

for smallpox, the purchase of a sawmill and its subsequent rental, and the 

making of clothing. 

Document 944. 

1210. Ledger. 1764-65. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

An unidentified Newport, Rhode Island, merchant maintained this ledger. 
Such items as rigging, thread, sugar, rum, ribbon, assorted textiles, pewter 
teaspoons, nails, and twine are mentioned. Taxes and wharfage fees are 
noted. Many references are made to women purchasing products. 
Name index in front of volume. 
Document 603. 

1211. Ledger. 1768. 
10 p.; 31 cm. 

The unidentified keeper of this ledger seems to have been a New York City 


Manuscript records a variety of products sold by the merchant, such as 

snuff, combs, indigo, tea, buttons, and chintz. The merchant often extended 

credit to customers for the purchase of goods. 

Name index available. 

Document 326. 

1212. Ledger. 1824-44. 
36 leaves; 20 cm. 

This manuscript belonged to a tailor who worked near New London, Con- 
necticut. He made vests, coats, and pants, specifically mole jackets, great 
coats, pea jackets, surtouts, roundabouts, and other items. 
Document 1001. 

1213. Ledger. 1836-50. 
186 p.; 20 cm. 

An unidentified hatter working in Danbury, Connecticut, kept this ledger. 
Manuscript records the various styles of hats made by an anonymous Con- 
necticut hatter, including drab, youths, silk, fine, plain, and muskrat. He 
sold to both individuals and businesses and seemed to swap his goods for 
those made by a local tailor. 
Name index available. 
Document 486. 

Downs Collection and Archives 319 

1214. Ledger. 1839-41. 
149 p.; 39 cm. 

This unidentified business was based in eastern Pennsylvania along the 

Susquehanna River. 

Volume contains references to mining; maintaining two furnaces; operating 

an iron refinery, a smith's shop, and brick kilns; paying tolls, and boarding 


Original name index at front. Original one-page index to accounts at the 


Document 136. 

1215. Ledger. 1872-79. 
80 p.; 35 cm. 

This manuscript was kept by an unidentified firm located in Boston. 
Entries in the ledger record a diversity of financial pursuits, including deal- 
ings in real estate, operating a factory, maintaining an account with a Bos- 
ton fire company, and handling a variety of monetary transactions. 
Index of company names available. 
Folio 104. 

1216. Ledger and sample book. 1876. 
22 p.; 54 cm. 

A scarfmaker kept this volume. She typically purchased machine-made 

lace and other fabric to piece together in making her scarves. 

Volume includes twenty-seven entries providing a description of scarves 

made in February 1876. Each entry records the size of the finished product 

and the cost of the lace or fabric from which it was made. 

Folio 85. 

1217. Lee, Phiilie. 
Album. 1853. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 17 x 14 cm. 

This volume, inscribed "Christmas present for Phiilie Lee, 1853," contains a 

poem recorded on the occasion of Lee's death, prints of outdoor scenes, 

and floral greeting cards produced by Marcus Ward & Co. 

Document 608. 

1218. Legal documents. 1699-1924. 
Approx. 325 items. 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains a variety of documents re- 
lating to legal and financial affairs, both private and governmental. Among 
the private papers are agreements, contracts, and promissory notes. Busi- 
ness papers include stock certificates, bankruptcy documents, and powers 
of attorney. Among the many governmental papers are court decisions and 
proceedings, tax records, patents, and proclamations. The majority of the 
material dates from the last quarter of the eighteenth century or the first 

320 Guide to the Wiiitertliur Library 

quarter of the nineteenth. Most documents are from New England and the 
Mid-Atlantic region. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 268. 

1219. Leisure activities puzzle. Ca. 1862. 

1 puzzle (24 pieces): ill. (some col.) 

Puzzle consists of six sections, each depicting young couples engaged in an 
activity: reading, dancing, acting, playing with puppets, picking flowers, or 
riding in a carriage. There are four pieces to each section, and each piece is 
rectangular, measuring 2 Vz by 3'. One piece is missing. On the lid of the 
puzzle's box is an illustration of a castle. On the bottom is written: "Net- 
ting box, Ann Hume." 
Collection 220. 

1220. Lengard, J. C. 
Daybooks. 1860-66. 

2 vols.; 41 cm. or smaller. 

J. C. Lengard operated a furniture store in Bath, Maine. 

Volumes record the activities of J. C. Lengard's store. He sold a variety of 

furniture forms and accessories. Included are accounts of thousands of 

sales that customarily note items purchased, buyers' names, and prices 

paid. Manuscript also lists names of wholesale suppliers and records the 

firm's furniture repair activities. 

Folio 238. 

1221. Lenox Iron Works. 
Inventories. 1843-69. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

The Lenox Iron Works appears to have been a complex that included a fur- 
nace, smith shop, grist mill, saw mill, boarding house, and general store. 
Later, it became the Lenox Plate Class Company. During the years that 
these volumes were maintained, the company operated in either Lenox, 
Massachusetts, or Troy, New York. 

Inventories include lists of merchandise stocked in the general store and 
the value of equipment and supplies in the furnace, smith shop, and two 
mills. Real-estate values, including the boarding house, are also featured. 
An accounting of wages paid in 1857 appears at the back of the volume. 
Document 507. 

1222. Leonard & Crocker. 
Petty ledger A. 1804-12. 
510 p.; 34 cm. 

Leonard & Crocker operated a nail manufactory in Taunton, Massachu- 

Dounis Collection and Archives 321 

Manuscript records transactions with customers and employees. It appears 
that the firm maintained a company store. Products mentioned include 
nails, rods, white lead, bar iron, wood, and saws. 
Name index available. 
Document 760. 

1223. Leontine, G. E. 

Watermark collection, Ca. 1671-1830. 
3 boxes. 

Collection includes both manuscript materials and miscellaneous papers 
and pages that contain various examples of watermarks. Most papers are 
of European manufacture, but a handful of American-made papers is in- 

List of watermarks and descriptions of collection items (including names, 
dates, and locations) available. 
Collection 70. 

1224. Leseur, Charles Alexandre, 1778-1846. 
Sketchbooks and letters. 1816-36. 

5 microfilm reels. 

Charles Alexandre Leseur was born in Le Havre, France. He was a natural- 
ist, a watercolor painter, engraver, and lithographer. He specialized in pro- 
ducing illustrations for scientific publications. 

Collection contains drawings of various locations in the Delaware Valley as 
well as other places along America's east coast. Also included are letters 
written in French that were exchanged between Leseur and French-born 
naturalist A. Demarest. 

Original materials at the Museum of Natural History in Le Havre, France. 
Microfilm M840-M844. 

1225. Leslie, Miss. 

History of Philadelphia: a game for children. 1872. 

1 game: ill. 

Includes sixty cards, each contairung information about a person or place 

associated with Philadelphia. This educational game was first issued in 


Collection 220. 

1226. Lesson book. 1822-24. 
22 p.; 32 cm. 

This is a short lesson book in mathematics kept by an unidentified student, 
perhaps from New York. Problems relate to mercantile exchange and the 
reduction of foreign monies in America. 
Document 728. 

1227. Letter book. 1829-35. 
99 leaves; 33 cm. 

322 Guide to the Wiitterthiir Lihrnry 

The unnamed keeper of this book served as a supercargo for the Boston- 
based firm Perkins & Co. 

Volumes include copies of letters that document the trade of Chinese tex- 
tiles. South American copper, hats, handkerchiefs, tea, spices, ivory chess- 
men, and opium. 
Document 85. 

1228. Letter to Citizen Vitte from Siguiere of Nimes. 1801. 
1 item; 29 cm. 

Letter conveys information about the ordering and pricing of textiles. In- 
cluded are samples of velour, striped twill, cashmere, and Siberian kal- 
muck felt. Text in French. 
Collection 50. 

1229. Letters. 1642-1919. 
5 boxes. 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains nearly six hundred per- 
sonal and business letters. It is especially strong in material relating to 
nineteenth-century American artists and sculptors. The personal letters of- 
fer interesting views of nineteenth-century domestic life and often refer to 
current events, religion, health, and family issues. Business letters fre- 
quently mention the work of craftspeople and orders for supplies and fin- 
ished products. 

Brief letters on company stationery are generally housed with the billhead 
collection unless the contents of the letter are significant. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 361. 

1230. Leuch, John L. 
Sales book. 1836. 
1 vol.; 31 cm. 

Records the sales of general merchant John L. Leuch, listing names of buy- 
ers, articles sold, and prices paid for such merchandise as bed cords, pad- 
locks, buttons, sheep shears, handkerchiefs, textiles, and razors. 
Document 869. 

1231. Lewis, R M. 
Account book. 1844-49. 
1 vol.; 16 cm. 

F. M. Lewis may have been a teacher. 

Records personal expenses incurred by Lewis. She spent a great deal of 

money on material for making dresses, usually buying nine to twelve yards 

of fabric at a time. Manuscript also notes expenses for board, travel, and 

the purchase of personal items. 

Document 304. 

Dmi'iis Collection and Archives 323 

1232. Lewis, Leon E., Jr. 
Papers. 1734-1978. 
14 microfilm reels. 

Collection, assembled by Leon E. Lewis Jr., contains the business papers of 
Samuel and Abraham Rex, Alexander and Henry Schaeffer, Peter Zimmer- 
man, and other general merchants from Schaefferstown, Pennsylvania, or 
the vicinity. There are four series: account books and accounts; papers of 
Abraham and Samuel Rex; genealogy and other papers; and general pa- 

Finding aid available. 
Microfilm M2655-M2668. 

1233. Lewis, Thomas. 
Exercise book. 1801. 
45 leaves: ill.; 34 cm. 

Thomas Lewis was a student in Christiana Bridge, Delaware, at the time 
that he maintained this volume. 

Manuscript contains mathematical exercises, including word problems, 
notes, and arithmetic calculations. Topics include single and compound in- 
terest, rebate and discount, equation, trigonometry, and mensuration. 
Document 1068. 

1234. Lewis family. 
Papers. 1768-1876. 
30 items. 

The Lewis family lived in the Stratford, Connecticut, area. Family members 
included Daniel, Benjamin, Agur, Elizabeth, Lorintha, Freemund (or Free- 
man), and Alanson. 

Papers contain land deeds and receipts for the purchase of a gravestone, 
snuff, shingles, rent, and school supplies and books for Lorintha as well as 
for breeding a cow. Several other documents are associated with the execu- 
tion of wills and the appraisal and settlement of estates. 
Collection 491. 

1235. Lewis Walpole Library. 

Prints and drawings from the Lewis Walpole Collection. 
37 microfilm reels. 

Wilmarth Sheldon Lewis, the editor of Horace Walpole's correspondence, 
created the Lewis Walpole Library. The library includes a variety of materi- 
als that relate to Walpole and nineteenth-century England. 
The prints and drawings in this collection are mostly English and show 
eighteenth-century historical scenes, political cartoons, landscapes, carica- 
tures, various occupations, and dinner parties. 
Original materials in the Lewis Walpole Library at time of filming. 
Microfilm M2756-M2792. 

324 Guide to the [Viiiterthur Library 

1236. Libbey, Levi. 

Account book. 1845-1858. 
1 vol.; 38 cm. 

Levi Libbey was a boot- and shoemaker somewhere along the Sebasticook 
River in Maine. He also served as a tax assessor in the 1840s. 
Manuscript records Libbey's boot- and shoemaking endeavors as well as 
his farming work and some domestic activities. Entries regarding footwear 
are fairly detailed and describe the types of items that he made and re- 
Document 442. 

1237. The Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.: its principal architectural and 
decorative features. 1901. 

24 plates: ill.; 22 cm. 

These photogravures show the Jefferson Building of the Library of Con- 
gress. Interior views feature the reading room, upper stairway, the main 
hall, and various frescoes, wall paintings, and mosaics. 
Document 1024. 

1238. Lichtenberger, Estella M., 1881-? 
Sewing exercise book. 1890-1910. 
53 p.; 24 cm. 

Estella M. Lichtenberger lived in Decatur, Illinois. 

Consists of a series of twenty-five exercises in sewing and mending. Each 
includes handwritten instructions with the corresponding finished work at- 
tached to the facing page. Work is done in muslin and other textiles. 
Document 100. 

1239. Lightner, George. 
Account book. 1808-23. 
1 microfilm reel. 

George Lightner worked as a tinsmith in Baltimore. 
Manuscript records Lightner's craft activities over a fifteen-year period. 
Original account book located at the Maryland Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2436.1. 

1240. Lincoln, Rachel. 
Embroidery patterns. 1790-1810. 
26 items: ill. 

These twenty-six patterns may have been used to decorate such things as 
aprons, handkerchiefs, dresses, collars, or bibs. One pattern is printed; the 
others are hand drawn. Two of the papers bear watermarks dated 1794. 
Pinpricks on several of the designs suggest that they were used. 
Document 787. 

1241. Lincrusta Walton Co. 
Sample book. Ca. 1920. 

Downs Collection and Archiivs 325 

1 vol.: ill.; 25 x 38 cm. 

The Lincrusta Walton Co. headquarters were located in Hackensack, New 

Jersey. Branches were maintained in New York City, Chicago, Philadelphia, 

and Boston. 

Book contains samples of wall covers that are coarser and thicker than 


Folio 177. 

1242. Lindley, Levi. 
Ledger. 1778-9L 
57 leaves; 21 cm. 

Levi Lindley was a carpenter and furnituremaker, possibly from the Boston 
area. It appears that he did some weaving as well. 

Ledger includes references to building, repairing, framing, weaving, plant- 
ing and harvesting produce; chopping wood; and hewing timber. Lindley 
worked on such objects as carriage brakes, wagons, sleighs, carts, coffins, 
cradles, doors, window casings, cupboards, looms, pine and maple chests, 
beds, and bookcases. 
Document 974. 

1243. Lindsey, Joseph J., 1714-65. 
Ledger. 1739-73. 

24 p.; 34 cm. 

Joseph J. Lindsey worked as a joiner in Marblehead, Massachusetts. His 

parents were Ralph and Mary Lindsey. He married Rebecca Hendley; they 

had five children. 

Lindsey compiled the first part of this manuscript; the second part is in a 

different, unidentified hand. Both compilers were joiners. They built chests, 

cradles, window frames, doors, coffins, tea tables, and chairs. Both workers 

found employment repairing and constructing the interiors of ships. 

Document 1054; Microfilm M295. 

1244. Linen labels. 1860-1910. 

22 labels: ill. (some col.); 30 x 25 cm. 

These labels, housed in an album, were used to seal bolts of linen. Several 
have been silvered on one side and then embossed; others have lithographs 
in their centers. Illustrations include floral arrangements, a woman spin- 
ning, birds, and women on horseback. Two have been hand colored. 
Document 691. 

1245. Linen scrapbook. 1879. 

18 leaves: ill. (some col.); 46 cm. 

Scrapbook, with leaves of linen rather than paper, contains several hun- 
dred examples of chromolithographic and engraved cutouts; some are em- 
bossed. The creator of the album arranged the depictions thematically: 

326 Guide to the Wiiiterlhur Lihraiy 

flowers, fruits, vegetables, United States presidents, African Americans, fa- 
mous people, and butterflies. 
Folio 278. 

1246. Linen scrapbook. 1885-95. 

17 leaves: ill. (some col.); 36 cm. 

Scrapbook, with leave of linen rather than paper, contains hundreds of 
chromolithographic cutouts, greeting cards, and trade cards; some are em- 
bossed. Items depicted include birds, women and children, musical instru- 
ments, African Americans, women's bathing suits, and flowers. Trade cards 
from the St. Louis area predominate, suggesting that the scrapbook may 
have been compiled there. 
Folio 280. 

1247. Lingle, R. D. 

Recipe and account book. 1871. 
1 vol.; 29 cm. 

R. D. Lingle was a druggist who operated a store in Reading, Pennsylva- 

The first half of the manuscript features recipes for lotions, ointments, and 
compounds and contains cures for scarlet fever, smallpox, asthma, and 
other ailments. There are also directions for making such household sup- 
plies as ink and furniture polish. The second half of the volume contains 
accounts for the purchase of drugs. 
Document 613. 

1248. Linnell, John. 

A miscellaneous collection of original designs made and for the most part 
executed during an extensive practice of many years in the first line of his 
profession, by John Linnell, upholsterer, carver, and cabinetmaker: selected 
from his portfolio at his decease, by C. H. Tatham, architect. 1800. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Includes drawings of furniture executed by Englishman John Linnell from 
1760 to 1796. 

The initials VAM are printed in the corner of each drawing, suggesting that 
the original drawings are located at the Victoria and Albert Museum, Lon- 
Microfilm M283. 

1249. Livingston, Robert L., 1775-1843. 
Account book. 1832-42. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Robert L. Livingston was a landowner and president of the North River 

Steamboat Company. 

Doiviis CoUectum and Archives 327 

This personal account book records the household accounts of Livingston's 
family dwelling, Arryl House, in Clermont, New York. Included are lists of 
silver, glassware, ceramics, linens, and kitchenware. 
Original manuscript located at the New York Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2050.1. 

1250. Lloyd, Col. Edward. 
Will and inventory. 1796. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Col. Edward Lloyd was a resident of Talbot County, Maryland. 
The inventory lists a quantity if silver, furniture and other house furnish- 
ings, livestock, reading materials, and slaves. 
Original document at the Maryland Hall of Records. 
Microfilm M763. 

1251. Lloyd, Richard Bennett. 

Will, codicil, administration accounts, and personal inventory. 1787. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Richard Bennett Lloyd had extensive land holdings in three Maryland 


The will was made out in the county of Middlesex, England, but probated 

in Maryland. There are various codicils, a list of debts owed to Lloyd, and 

an inventory of possessions. 

Microfilm M721. 

1252. Lockwood, Louise Vincent. 

Illustrations of early American churches. 1900-1914. 
51 items: ill. (some col.); 26 cm. 

Collection contains photographs, postcards, and loose pages depicting inte- 
rior and exterior views of early churches located in the eastern United 
States. It was originally compiled to illustrate Early American Churches by 
Aymar Embury (published in 1914). 
Index of captions included. 
Collection 444. 

1253. Lodge family 

Papers. 1822-86, bulk 1844-45, 1852. 

35 items. 

The Lodge family came from Boston. Giles Henry Lodge, who is prominent 

in this collection, was born in 1805, graduated from Harvard, and was 

trained in medicine. He spent considerable time writing and lecturing and 

served as an overseer of Harvard. He enjoyed membership in scientific and 

historical societies and also became a noted translator. 

Most of these papers relate to the impending marriage of Giles Henry 

Lodge and Mary Williams and the settlement of the estate of Giles Henry's 

328 Giiitic to the Wintertluir Library 

father, also named Giles. Manuscripts relating to the marriage document 
clothing and food arrangements. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 169. 

1254. Logan, Deborah Norris, 1761-1839. 
Diary. 1815-39. 

I microfilm reel. 

Deborah Norris Logan was a resident of Stenton, a house located in Ger- 
mantown, Pennsylvania. Her husband, George Logan, was a physician, 
and her uncle Isaac Norris once served as Speaker of the Pennsylvania As- 

Logan's writings record cultural, political, and religious events in Philadel- 
phia. Included are biographical notes on George Washington, William 
Penn, Benjamin Franklin, Joseph and Napoleon Bonaparte, and many other 
luminaries. She also wrote about slavery, financial matters, epidemics, 
household activities, and astronomical events. 
Typescript (with some omissions) available. 
Original manuscript at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Microfilm M2925. 

1255. Logan, James, 1 674-1 751 . 
Papers. 1681-1751. 

II microfilm reels. 

James Logan was a jurist and William Penn's secretary. 
Papers include Logan's letter books and meditations; a travel narrative of 
his trip to Great Britain and Spain from 1709 to 1711; and copies of corre- 
spondence featuring communications with members of the Penn family; a 
letter book kept by someone named James Steel; and miscellaneous mate- 

Name index available. 

Original manuscripts at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania and Har- 
vard University. 
Microfilm M322-M332. 

1256. Logan, John Dickinson. 
Account book. 1863-67. 
390 p.; 27 cm. 

John Dickinson Logan and his family lived in the Philadelphia area. Logan 
was the administrator of a number of decedents' estates. 
Manuscript consists of entries recording the financial dealings of the Lo- 
gans. The accounts are broad ranging and carefully entered. Expenses for 
wages, taxes, photographs, travel, books, and insurance are recorded. 
Index of occupations and objects mentioned in text available. 
Document 151. 

Downs Collection ami Archives 329 

1257. Logan family. 
Papers. 1700-1822. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Members of the Logan family resided in Philadelphia. 
Collection includes real estate records, maps, letters, financial accounts, in- 
ventories, wills, and original manuscripts describing the activities of the 
Logan family and recording life in Philadelphia. 
Summary of contents available. 

Original materials owned by the Pennsylvania Society of Colonial Dames. 
Microfilm M956. 

1258. London Cabinet Makers Job Settling Committee. 
Record book. 1833-1846. 

333 p.: ill.; 23 cm. 

The London Cabinet Makers Job Settling Committee began around 1760 as 
part of the Cabinet Makers Society. Masters, journeymen, and customers 
formed the committee to assess grievances over pricing and payment re- 
sulting from strikes in the 1760s. 

Manuscript records the by-laws of the committee, lists of associates, and 
members of cabinetmaking firms whose advice was solicited in resolving 
disputes. The illustrations are measured drawings of products and their 

Partial index by furniture form appears at the back of the volume. 
Document 742. 

1259. Long, Robert Cary, 1810-49. 
Architectural drawings. 1839^6. 
19 items: ill. (some col.); 68 cm. 

Robert Cary Long was an architect working in Baltimore and New York 
City. He learned the profession from his father, was influenced by architect 
A. J. Davis, and studied with Martin E. Thompson and Ithiel Town. Long 
was known for his designs of churches and was a prolific writer. 
Collection includes drawings of a private home, a Gothic-style house, and 
a school. Most of the collection consists of plans for the Institute for the 
Deaf, Dumb, and Blind in Staunton, Virginia, drawn in 1840^1, including 
a watercolor elevation, floor plans, and some detailed drawings. 
Collection 422. 

1260. Loomis, Jonathan Colton, 1785-1864. 
Account book. 1808-22. 

1 vol.; 39 cm. 

Jonathan Colton Loomis was a carpenter, weaver, and furnituremaker. He 
was a native of Whately, Massachusetts, and served in the War of 1812. 
Volume records activities associated with woodworking. Loomis repaired 
looms, built sleighs, made and mended furniture, chopped wood, and 

330 Guide to the Wiiitertluir Library 

planed and varnished. Additional entries pertain to weaving cloth and ex- 
changing yarn. Furniture forms mentioned include cradles, clock cases, 
candlestands, tables, and beds. 
Folio 179; Microfilm M1896. 

1261. Loomis, Phineas. 
Account book. 1771-72. 
10 p.; 15 cm. 

In this brief manuscript, Phineas Loomis, a shoemaker from Cornwall, 
Connecticut, kept a record of his shoemaking activities, mentioning 
women's "pumps" and "mocs." 
Document 774. 

1262. Lord, Nathaniel, d. ca. 1828. 
Bills. 1805-44. 

38 items. 

Captain Nathaniel Lord owned a mansion in Kennebunkport, Maine. Dan- 
iel Lord apparently served as executor of Nathaniel's estate. 
Collection contains bills for repairs to Lord's house in Kennebunkport, 
mentioning such products as lumber, shingles, clapboards, and glass. 
Collection 513. 

1263. Lord, O. B. 

Household inventory. 1860-84, bulk 1884. 

26 p.; 20 cm. 

O. B. Lord lived in Cortland, New York. 

Volume includes an eighteen-page, room-by-room list of goods in Lord's 

house, dated September 1, 1884. Furniture and items in closets and pantries 

are listed. There are also three pages of accounts (dated 1864) relating to 

the settlement of Joseph Eggleton's estate, and four pages of miscellaneous 

accounts kept froml860 to 1865. 

Document 216. 

1264. Lossing, Benson J., 1813-91. 
Correspondence. 1841-90. 
12 items: ill.; 26 cm. 

Benson ]. Lossing was a wood engraver, editor, and historian. In his twen- 
ties, he served as editor of the Potighkeepsie Telegraph and its literary maga- 
zine, the Potighkeepsie Casket. In 1838 he moved to New York City, where he 
spent most of his career He was editor and illustrator of Family Magaziite 
and published biographies and works on the history of the American Rev- 
olution, the War of 1812, and the Civil War. 

Letters relate to business concerns, private matters, and social commit- 
ments. Correspondents include sculptor John Rogers and Lucy Peale, of the 
Peale family of painters. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 397. 

Doums Colkctkvi and Archives 331 

1265. Louis E. Neuman & Co. 
Cigar box labels. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 15 x 20 cm. 

Louis E. Neuman & Co. was a lithographic and printing firm located in 
New York City. 

Volume includes eight samples of cigar box labels. Designs feature flowers, 
Romanesque-looking women among flowers and angels, two men in sol- 
dier's uniforms, and busts of a man and a woman. Cigars mentioned in- 
clude Red Duchess, Reinada, Plucky Riders, Majestas, Rip Van Dam, and 
Miss Swell. 
Collection 860. 

1266. Loveland, Ira. 

Account book. 1832-41. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Ira Loveland lived in Southampton, Connecticut, on property owned by a 
Mr. Kellegs. 

Manuscript records Loveland's income and expenses (chiefly related to ag- 
riculture) over a ten-year period. 
Document 477. 

1267. Low, Alexander, 1741-1836. 
Account Book. 1790-1826. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Alexander Low was a cabinetmaker, undertaker, and surveyor from Free- 
hold, Monmouth County, New Jersey. 

Accounts in this manuscript refer to wood, furniture, coffins, and other ma- 
terials related to Low's profession. 

Original account book located at the Monmouth County Historical Associa- 
Microfilm M2436.2. 

1268. Low, James W. 
Papers. 1826-44. 
2 vols.; 32 cm. 

James W. Low lived in New York City and was a shipowner and captain. 
The first volume, kept from 1826 to 1832, contains freight lists for the brig 
Concordia, the ship Cabot, and the steamboat Phenix as well as agreements 
for shipping arrangements. The second volume details six trips by the Phe- 
nix, including a record of expenses for the crew's wages, canal tolls, cus- 
toms fees, provisions, and fuel. A partnership agreement between Low and 
Francis Dow, made in 1844, is laid in. 
Document 179. 

332 Guide to the Wiiilertliur Ubrary 

1269. Luce, Stephen. 
Account book. 1785-1804. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

Stephen Luce was a ship chandler in Rochester, Massachusetts. 
Manuscript contains entries relating to the outfitting and provisioning of 
sailing vessels, sailmaking, painting, and repairing marine hardware and 
compasses. In addition, accounts mention earthenware, stoneware, cloth- 
ing, lumber, thread, fabrics, hardware, and other domestic supplies. 
Name index available. 
Folio 106. 

1270. Lund family. 
Inventories. 1864-67. 
160 p.; 34 cm. 

Volume appears to have been kept by either J. P. Lund or P. M. & E. P. 
Lund. The keeper operated a general store and factory complex of some 

Includes four inventories taken in four separate years. References are to 
china, glass, hardware, crockery, pewter, and baskets. The amounts on 
hand and dollar values are included. Inventories are organized by rooms, 
including a store cellar, stove room, carriage house, wood shed, counting 
room, store and office, and barn. 
Document 939. 

1271. Lunt, Joshua. 
Account book. 1736-72. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Joshua Lunt worked as a furnituremaker in Newberry, Massachusetts. 

Manuscript records the activities of a busy artisan engaged in the furniture 


Original account book located at the Essex Institute. 

Microfilm M1527. 

1272. Lyceum of the town of Winchester. 
Records. 1849-52. 

Approx. 160 items: ill. 

The Winchester, Massachusetts, lyceum was erected between 1850 and 
1852, supported by private enterprise. Stores occupied the lower part of the 
building. The local Young Men's Literary Association maintained offices in 
the building and sponsored lectures, debates, and entertainment on the up- 
per floors. Concerts and religious services also took place at the lyceum. 
The bulk of this collection features material relating to constructing and 
furnishing the Winchester lyceum, including items describing the purchase 
of lumber, windows, hardware, furniture, gas fixtures, and chandeliers. 
Painting, plastering, cellar digging, and masonry work are also docu- 

Dmms Callectinii ami Archives 333 

merited. A stock certificate, lithographed by J. H. Bufford, illustrates the 


Finding aid available. 

Collection 439. 

1273. Lyell,Fenwick, 1767-1822. 
Account book. 1800. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Fenwick Lyell was a furniture- and chairmaker in Middletown, Monmouth 
County, New Jersey, and New York City. 

Manuscript documents Lyell's production during the course of a year. 
Original manuscript located at the Monmouth County Historical Associa- 
Microfilm M2436.3. 

1274. Lyman, Andrew. 
Account book. 1821-28. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Internal evidence suggests that Andrew Lyman was a builder from Meri- 

den, Connecticut. He is the supposed compiler of this manuscript. 

Account book records agricultural activities and the purchase of household 

goods and a large amount of building supplies. 

Original account book located, at the time of filming, at the International 

Silver Co. 

Microfilm M744. 

1275. Lynds, Flam. 
Account book. 1825-29. 
230 leaves; 34 cm. 

Elam Lynds was a prison administrator who oversaw the construction of 
Mount Pleasant Prison at Sing Sing, New York. In addition to serving as 
warden at Sing Sing, Lynds was also in charge of the Auburn, New York, 
State Prison. He served as an officer in the War of 1812 and, at one time, 
was a hatmaker. 

Manuscript contains lists of supplies, costs, and vendors for building the 
prison. Information is included on prison furniture; tools for tailors, shoe- 
makers, blacksmiths, stoneworkers, and carpenters; Bibles for the prison li- 
brary; clothing, food, and medicine. There are some references to the con- 
victs at the prison. 
Index to accounts available. 
Document 17; Microfilm 2864. 

1276. Lyon family. 
Papers. 1879-1941. 
14 boxes. 

334 Guide to the Wiitterllmr Library 

Irving Whitall Lyon (1840-96) was a doctor in Hartford, Connecticut. A 
heart and lung specialist, he was chief metlical examiner for the Hartford 
Life and Annuity Insurance Company. He collected and researched an- 
tiques. His main interest was seventeenth-century oak furniture, particu- 
larly from Ipswich, Massachusetts, and Guilford, Connecticut. Irving Phil- 
lips Lyon, one of his three children, followed in the elder Lyon's footsteps 
as a doctor, collector, and researcher. The younger Lyon also favored the 
work of wood carver Thomas Dennis. 

Papers consist of research notes on furniture, ceramics, cabinetmakers, 
carvers, and genealogy; drafts of published articles; letters discussing de- 
tails of furniture construction; and photographs. 
Folder title listing available. 
Collection 62. 

1277. Lyons, Gilbert M., 1811-36. 
Account book. 1830-35. 

1 vol.; 17 cm. 

Gilbert M. Lyons lived in Greenfield, Massachusetts. He seems to have 
worked as a furnituremaker. 

Manuscript records work that Lyons performed and some personal ex- 
penses he incurred. He made pine stands, rockers, tables, secretaries, book 
cases, and beds, and he spent money on board, tools, gloves, slippers, and 
other personal items. 
Document 877. 

1278. M. Heminway & Sons Silk Co. 
Silk samples. Ca. 1880s. 

1 vol.: ill.; 24 cm. 

Booklet with linen embroidered covers that features samples of washable 

silks advertised by the Heminway firm. 

Document 879. 

1279. Mabie, Charles A., 1846-? 
Diary. 1866. 

1 vol.; 16 cm. 

Charles A. Mabie was a soldier in the Union Army during the Civil War. 
He later repaired watches for S. Chapin & Son, a jewelry concern in 
Oneida, New York. 

Entries refer to Mabie's activities and thoughts from January 1 to April 24, 
1866. His initial writings record his inner struggles, depression, and de- 
spondency stemming from his military service and the death of his mother. 
He later focused on discussing his work and commented on repairing 
glasses, rings, pins, clocks, and earrings while working in Oneida. 
Document 859. 

Downs Collecthvi and Archives 335 

1280. McAllester, Mary. 
Invoice. 1764. 

2 leaves; 28 cm. 

Mary McAllester operated a ladies' boarding school beginning in 1767 near 
Sixth and Market streets in Philadelphia. 

Manuscript invoice for materials and instructional services for waxing and 
shell work provided by McAllester for Sarah Morrice. In addition to the in- 
voice, there is an explanation of wax and shell work as well as an article 
written in 1868 about McAllester. 
Document 980. 

1281. McAllister, George Washington. 
Account book. 1848-83, bulk 1848-66. 
280 p.; 32 cm. 

George Washington McAllister lived in McAlHsterville, Pennsylvania. 
Manuscript contains accounts with many different people and records the 
purchase of agricultural goods, often in exchange for farm work. Many of 
the debits are for cash and relate to specific items such as tobacco, grist, 
and travel. 
Document 137. 

1282. McAllister, John. 
Daybook. 1803-5. 
118 leaves; 21 cm. 

John McAllister began business as a whipmaker in 1796 in Philadelphia. 
He eventually expanded and, by 1803, advertised "Spectacles, Hardware in 
general, also Whips and Canes, of every Description, made and Sold." 
Consists of a daily record of sales, including daily, weekly, monthly, and 
annual totals. Also includes a list of 'The Profits of the Whips from 1st July 
1805 — Germantown Manufacture" and "Family Expenses 1805." 
Document 70. 

1283. McAllister family. 

Papers. 1803-1935, bulk 1830-90. 
90 items: ill. 

Members of the McAllister family operated a business in Philadelphia that 
produced whips, eyeglasses, optical devices, and mathematical instru- 
ments. John McAllister (1753-1830), a native of Scotland, was the founder 
of the business. His son, John (1786-1878), and grandson, William, inher- 
ited the firm. 

Collection contains both personal and business papers. Included is a day- 
book used by John Sr.; undated photographs of family members and one of 
the family store; pencil sketches of a McAllister residence; bills from vari- 
ous firms; trade cards and catalogues; and postcards. 
Collection 534. 

336 Guide to the Wiiilerthur Librnn/ 

1284. McBurney family. 
Photographs. 1873-1913. 
85 photographs: ill. 

The McBurney family probably lived near Barnstable, Massachusetts. 
Photographs depict family members, architecture, automobiles, a baseball 
game, beach scenes, and gravestones of the Percival family (perhaps a 
branch of the family). Included are photo postcards, cartes de visite, and 
Collection 531. 

1285. MacCarty, Thaddeus, 1690-1729. 
Thad. MacCarty's book. 1718-29. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Book contains records of voyages that MacCarty took between Boston and 
points in the Caribbean on the brigantine Success. He mentions the weather 
and the courses taken. 

Original manuscript located at the American Antiquarian Society. 
Microfilm M288.1. 

1286. McComb, John, 1 763-1 853. 

Architectural drawings and account book. 1794-1849, bulk 1820s. 
1 microfilm reel. 

John McComb was an architect and a native of New York City. In 1783 he 
became an assistant in his father's architectural business. After traveling in 
Europe, he opened his own practice in 1790. McComb is known for his 
work designing public buildings, lighthouses, and churches. He built New 
York's City Hall, Alexander Hall at Princeton Theological Seminary, and St. 
John's Chapel on Varick Street, New York City. McComb was a New York 
City street commissioner from 1813 to 1821 as well as a prominent member 
of the American Academy. 

Collection includes drawings of New York's City Hall, churches, private 
homes, a building for the American Tract Society, and buildings at Prince- 
ton Seminary. 

Original materials located at the New York Historical Society. 
Microfilm M90. 

1287. McCurdy, Aldrich & Co. 
Order book. 1835-39. 
136 p.; 33 cm. 

McCurdy, Aldrich & Co. imported printed textiles from its headquarters in 
New York City. 

Records spring and autumn orders for cloth sent to English and French 
suppliers. The majority of orders bound for England went to Samuel D. 
Casey and the majority bound for France went to Low & Berry. The orders 
are detailed, noting the kind of cloth wanted, patterns, colors, weight. 

Downs Collection ami Archives 337 

amounts needed, and expected prices. There are some remarks about the 
fabrics Americans deemed fashionable and the success of some materials in 
the marketplace. 
Document 387. 

1288. McDonald, E. H. 
Bills. 1866-75. 

1 folder 

Mrs. E. H. McDonald lived in Flushing, New York. 

Collection contains bills addressed to Mrs. McDonald for the purchase and 
repair of household items. There are references to furniture, textiles, table- 
ware, wallpaper, and other domestic goods. 
Collection 476. 

1289. McElwee, Henry. 
Account book. 1827^3. 
148 p.; 42 cm. 

Henry McElwee owned a cider mill in Bath, New York. 
Book includes financial transactions relating to McElwee's cider mill and 
his agricultural pursuits. It also contains references to the building of a 
house, including amounts owed for framing, walling the cellar, building a 
chimney, and plastering. A piece of paper glued to the front cover reads: 
"Our house (Charles H. Robie and Marion S. Robie) was built in 1831 — it 
was begun on June 28 by E. McCoy .... The last date entered is November 
13 when Earl Stone was credited with five days plastering." 
Folio 182. 

1290. McFadien, James. 
Papers. 1860-69. 
3 folders. 

James McFadien was a millwright and migrant worker originally from 
Lewisville, Pennsylvania. Between 1866 and 1868 he moved to another, un- 
named location. 

Collection contains letters from Emmeline Lutton of Christiana, Delaware, 
noting her affection for McFadien; a contract between Thomas Eweng and 
McFadien for building a house; and letters to McFadien from family mem- 
Collection 467. 

1291. McKearin, Helen. 
Research notes. 1930-65. 
6 folders. 

Helen McKearin, daughter of George Skinner McKearin, was a collector of 
American glassware. 

Collection of research notes chiefly includes bibliographic citations of arti- 
cles published on decorative arts in newspapers and magazines, many 

338 Guide to the Wiiiterthtir Library 

from the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Topics include pot- 
tery, painting, furniture, wallpaper, and pewter. Bandboxes, bags, beads, 
and tortoise shells are also mentioned. 
Collection 445. 

1292. McKie, Edwin J. 
Account book. 1835-44. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

Edwin J. McKie was a wool buyer from Easton, Massachusetts. 
Manuscript consists of invoices and receipts for wool that McKie bought 
from importers and other sources as well as references to wool that he 
Folio 102. 

1293. McKie, George. 
Account book. 1841-63. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

George McKie operated a general store in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 
Manuscript begins with an inventory of goods on hand in McKie's store as 
of April 5, 1841, including books, clothing supplies, wallets and pocket- 
books, tools, plates, and mugs. Much of the rest of the volume is devoted 
to descriptions of agricultural pursuits, though not necessarily on a farm 
operated by McKie. 
Document 577. 

1294. McKoon, M. Mary. 
Expense book. 1875-1903. 
1 vol.; 23 cm. 

M. Mary McKoon lived in Long Eddy, New York, appears to have been 
married around 1875, and had at least one child. 

Manuscript documents the personal expenses of the McKoons during the 
first two years of marriage. It includes a list of furnishings and other goods 
that they acquired, including furniture, bedding, carpets, window shades, a 
parlor stove, glassware, and cooking utensils. In subsequent years, the 
McKoons hired servants and purchased recreational items. They supported 
a young girl named Daisy who attended a boarding school in Portland, 
Document 1032. 

1295. McLane, David. 
Scrapbook. 1956-60. 

1 vol.: ill.; 34 x 26 cm. 

David McLane was a photographer who worked for the New York Daily 


Scrapbook contains clippings of cityscapes of New York taken from a series 

in the Daily News called "New York's Changing Scene." Two representa- 

Downs Collection and Archives 339 

tions of the same views and buildings are shown. The first set of images 
was photographed in 1919 or 1920 by A. N. Hoshing. The second set was 
done by McLane from 1956 to 1960. Captions describe changes over time. 
Document 374. 

1296. MacLaughlin, Roger. 
Photograph album. 1940-60. 
116 p.: ill.; 30 cm. 

Roger MacLaughlin was an antiques dealer in New York City. 
Album contains black and white mounted photos of antiques. Most images 
feature porcelains and lamps, though silverware, paintings, brackets, mir- 
rors, and chairs are illustrated as well. Captions include coded inventory 
numbers, item descriptions, and prices. 
Document 125. 

1297. McLoughlin Bros. 

The judge's game cards. 1889. 
1 game (52 cards): col. ill. 

McLoughlin Bros, developed out of a printing company started in New 
York in 1828. After an 1840 merger with John Elton, John McLoughlin Jr. 
and his brother, Edmund, took over the business and gave it the name by 
which it is identified here. The firm came to be known as a premier pub- 
lisher of children's books and games. Milton Bradley bought it in 1920 and 
maintained it as one of its divisions until 1944. 

Game consists of four sets of cards. Instruction booklet explains that "three 
distinct games can be played with these cards, directions for which are 
given below, and the ingenuity of players will, in a short time, suggest 
many other methods of playing here not given. In fact, any game of cards 
can be readily played with this pack." 
Document 88. 

1298. McLoughlin Bros. 

The little post card painter. 1904. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 18 x 29 cm. 

McLoughlin Bros, developed out of a printing company started in New 
York in 1828. After an 1840 merger with John Elton, John McLoughlin Jr. 
and his brother, Edmund, took over the business and gave it the name by 
which it is identified here. The firm came to be known as a premier pub- 
Usher of children's books and games. Milton Bradley bought it in 1920 and 
maintained it as one of its divisions until 1944. 

This children's book contains sixteen postcards, perforated at the edges, 
that were meant to have been painted before being mailed. The publisher 
furnished full-color samples. A house, children, animals, flowers, and 
pieces of furniture are illustrated. 
Document 239. 

340 Guide to llw Wintcrlluir Lihrnry 

1299. McLoughlin Bros. 

The new folding doll house. 1894. 
1 game (8 hinged panels in box); 33 cm. 

McLoughlin Bros, developed out of a printing company started in New 
York in 1828. After an 1840 merger with John Elton, John McLoughlin jr. 
and his brother, Edmund, took over the business and gave it the name by 
which it is identified here. The firm came to be known as a premier pub- 
lisher of children's books and games. Milton Bradley bought it in 1920 and 
maintained it as one of its divisions until 1944. 

Patented on January 30, 1894, this game unfolded to reveal four rooms of a 
house: a parlor, dining room, bedroom, and kitchen. Inside the box lid is a 
large color lithograph showing two girls playing with the doll house. 
Folio 42. 

1300. McLoughlin Bros. 
Paper soldiers. 1870-84. 
6 items: col. ill. 

McLoughlin Bros, developed out of a printing company started in New 
York in 1828. After an 1840 merger with John Elton, John McLoughlin Jr. 
and his brother, Edmund, took over the business and gave it the name by 
which it is identified here. The firm came to be known as a premier pub- 
lisher of children's books and games. Milton Bradley bought it in 1920 and 
maintained it as one of its divisions until 1944. 

Consists of six paper soldiers sometimes referred to as Type lis. Each is 
wearing a different uniform. 
Collection 220. 

1301. McNary family. 
Papers. 1791-1910. 
1 box. 

Members of the McNary family lived and had contacts in several New En- 
gland states. New York, and Pennsylvania. A focus of their activities seems 
to have been Springfield, Massachusetts. 

Includes a variety of material (chiefly poems) by Margarette McNary Spen- 
cer and Martha A. McNary as well as letters that relate to family members. 
Collection also includes two copies of The Springfield Musket dating from 
December 1864, apparently an ephemeral newspaper printed for distribu- 
tion at a local fair. 
Collection 28. 

1302. McNulty, Patrick. 
Daybook. 1817. 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Patrick McNulty ran a general store in New Holland, Pennsylvania. 
Manuscript records daily transactions at McNulty's store. 
Document 647. 

Downs Collectkm and Archives 341 

1303. Macomb, Alexander, 1 782-1 841 . 
Letter. 1825. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Alexander Macomb gained fame as a general during the War of 1812. 
Macomb wrote this letter to his sister, Jane Kennedy, on November 6, 1825. 
In it, he gives a good description of the President's residence and discusses 
the making of furniture in Philadelphia and New York. 
Original letter at the Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library, at 
the time of filming. 
Microfilm M301.5. 

1304. Macon, Thomas. 
Papers. 1786-1815. 
130 items. 

Colonel Thomas Macon lived in Hanover County and later Orange County, 
both in Virginia. He seems to have owned a large amount of land, but, 
apart from activities associated with his real estate and military title, his oc- 
cupation is not known. 

Collection includes bills, receipts, letters, promissory notes, and other mate- 
rials referring to household and personal goods. Among the documents in 
this collection are a property tax bill that mentions furniture owned by Ma- 
con and another tax bill for thirteen slaves. There is also a bill of sale for 
Collection 501. 

1305. McPheeters, J. A. 

Essay on the nature of the medical sciences: read before the medical society 

of Natchez. 1825. 

23 p.; 32 cm. 

J. A. McPheeters was, presumably, a physician. 

On May 4, 1825, McPheeters spoke on the state of medical knowledge in 

the early nineteenth century. 

Document 466. 

1306. McPheeters, W. A. 
Diary. 1856-58. 
153 p.; 23 cm. 

W. A. McPheeters was a doctor. He was in Paris observing French medical 
practices at the time that he maintained this diary. McPheeters was a mem- 
ber of the American Medical Society in Paris. 

Diary entries contain detailed descriptions of observations of French soci- 
ety, history, and the state of medical education. He frequently mentioned 
other Americans whom he met in Paris and other locations. Before 

342 Gtiitie to the Winlerthur Library 

returning to the United States, McPheeters traveled through England and 


Typescript also available. 

Document 465. 

1307. Maerklein, Hermann A. W., 1826-1921. 
Designs and photographs. 1870-90. 

2 boxes: ill. (some col.) 

Hermann A. W. Maerklein was a native of Stettin, Pomerania, where he 
served his apprenticeship and began his career as an upholsterer. In 1848 
Maerklein immigrated to America. He settled in Hartford, Connecticut, 
where he worked as an upholsterer and decorator from 1853 until 1911. 
Maerklein operated shops for cabinetry, upholstery, and drapery, all in the 
same building. 

Includes pencil sketches for window treatments and furniture, presumably 
drawn by Maerklein; photographs of furniture and furniture frames; cartes 
de visite showing Maerkiein's couches and sofa beds; and plates from De- 
sire Guilmard's journal, Le Carde-Meiible, and other periodicals. 
Finding aid available. 

Other Maerklein papers located at the Connecticut Historical Society. 
Collection 305. 

1308. Magnus, Charles, 1826-1900. 
Collection. 1850-90. 

Approx. 150 items: ill. (some col.) 

Charles Magnus was a publisher, map dealer, bookseller, and stationer 
working in Washington, D.C., and New York City. He issued more than 
one thousand different letter sheets, maps, song sheets, patriotic envelopes, 
games, and prints during his career. Magnus was born in Germany and im- 
migrated to the United States with his family around 1850. He learned the 
printing business from his brother, Emil. 

Collection consists of a variety of lithographed letter sheets, envelopes, 
song sheets, prints, and games ("Running the Blockade," "New Game of 
Snake," and "Comical Game of Pigs and Kittens"). Images depict a number 
of American cities and patriotic scenes. Several of the pieces indicate that 
Magnus used the same image in different printing projects. 
Finding aid available. 

Other items by Charles Magnus located in the Print Study Collection. 
Collection 123. 

1309. Mailly family. 
Papers. 1818-1918. 

3 boxes. 

Augustine Mailly immigrated to America from Lyon, France. He married 
Mary Ann Thomas in 1831, and they settled in her hometown, Cantwell's 
Bridge (now Odessa), Delaware. 

Doums Collection and Archives 343 

Most papers refer to Augustine Mailly and include letters he received and 

financial documents to which he was a party. Three of his most frequent 

correspondents were Daniel Corbit, N. Chauncey, and William McCauley. 

Papers also include letters to Mary Ann Thomas from her father while she 

attended boarding school in the 1820s. 

A few letters to Augustine Mailly are in French. 

Collection 37. 

1310. Malbone, Edward Greene, 1777-1807. 

Account book and register of portraits. 1794-1807. 

1 vol.; 18 cm. 

Edward Greene Malbone was a miniature painter. A native of Newport, 
Rhode Island, he began his career in nearby Providence in 1794. In addi- 
tion to working in Rhode Island, Malbone was active in Boston, New York, 
and Philadelphia as well as Charleston, South Carolina, and Savannah, 
Georgia. He traveled to Jamaica for health reasons in 1806 and, shortly af- 
ter his return to America, died in Savannah. 

Book records Malbone's expenditures for a variety of activities and money 
he received. He lists portraits that he painted, including the names of his 
subjects and amounts they paid for his work. 
Name index available. 
Collection 331 . 

1311. Malbone, Godfrey. 
Account book. 1728-39. 

2 microfilm reels. 

Godfrey Malbone was a merchant in Newport, Rhode Island. 

Account book records that goods were exchanged between Newport, 

Rhode Island, and ports in the West Indies, Europe, America's southern 

colonies, and Massachusetts (Boston). Malbone shipped a wide variety of 

goods, including coal, pottery, and pewter. 

Original manuscripts located at the library of the Rhode Island Historical 


Microfilm M2857.3, M2858.1. 

1312. Manchester, George E. 
Account book. 1893-1900. 
488 p.; 32 cm. 

George E. Manchester was a dairyman in Winsted, Connecticut, who 
worked in partnership with his father, Edward, and brother, Harry G., un- 
der the names E. Manchester & Sons and G. E. & H. G. Manchester. In 1896 
all three joined the Connecticut Dairyman's Association as life members. 
Entries in the account book list sales of ice cream, milk, eggs, cream, ice, 
potatoes, grain, and hay. On July 5, 1897, more than one hundred dollars 
worth of ice cream was sold, provoking the comment: "the largest day in 
the Ice Cream business." 

344 Guide to the Winterthur Library 

Partial index of accounts available. 
Document 135. 

1313. Manchester pattern book. 1775-1815. 
12 p.; 21 cm. 

Inscriptions indicate that this swatch book came from Nathaniel and 
Joshua Gould of Manchester, England. It originally consisted of twelve 
panels of twelve numbered swatches each. A few that are missing have re- 
duced the total count to 141 swatches. 
Collection 50. 

1314. Manchester pattern book. 1775-1815. 
30 p.; 23 cm. 

Consists of thirty panels of numbered swatches. The swatches are of vari- 
ous cottons from Manchester, England. The panels unfold outward from 
the center so that the source's 402 swatches can be viewed at once. 
Collection 50. 

1315. Manchester pattern book. 1783. 
16 p.; 26 cm. 

Consists of sixteen panels containing 432 swatches of printed cottons, vel- 
vets, dimities, quiltings, cords, and diapers. On the reverse side of one of 
the panels is the inscription "Thomas Smith, Manchester, 23 August 1783." 
Collection 50. 

1316. Manchester pattern book. 1783. 
16 p.; 25 cm. 

Consists of sixteen panels; onto each were originally pasted twenty-seven 
swatches of colored, patterned textiles, many identified as corduroys. Three 
swatches are now missing. Bears inscription: "Manchester, 2nd Oct. 1783." 
In Textiles in America, 1650-1870, author Florence Montgomery notes that 
this item is identical to a book at Colonial Williamsburg. 
Collection 50. 

1317. Mander, Carel van, 1548-1606. 
Biographies. 1705^9. 

226 leaves; 32 cm. 

Carel van Mander was a Flemish painter, poet, and artists' biographer. He 
was born in Meulebeke, West Flanders, Belgium, traveled to Rome and Vi- 
enna, and eventually settled in Haarlem, where he founded an academy. 
Giovanni Pietro Bellori (16157-96), an Italian librarian, antiquarian, collec- 
tor, and biographer, also contributed to this volume. 
Consists of anonymously translated writings by van Mander and Bellori 
about European artists. 

Translated from Dutch and Italian into English. 
Document 121. 

Daivm Collection and Archwes 345 

1318. Manley, Nathaniel. 
Invoice book. 1862-63. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Nathaniel Manley was a storekeeper from Haywardville, Connecticut. 
Manuscript begins with an inventory of the goods in Manley's store on 
January 20, 1862, and records the items he subsequently acquired from 
wholesalers to stock his store. 
Document 238. 

1319. Mann, Jonas. 
Account book. 1820-22. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Jonas Mann, a general, was probably a resident of Philadelphia. 
Volume records domestic and personal purchases made by Mann for him- 
self, his wife, and son. If a product was intended for Mann's spouse or 
child, a note so indicated. Mann also documents sending money to individ- 
uals upon request and to fulfill obligations. 
Document 418. 

1320. Mann, Vail & Co. 

Bill of lading book. 1853-54. 

282 p.; 42 cm. 

Mann, Vail & Co. were forwarding agents for merchandise and produce 

sent via the Erie Canal to Buffalo, New York, for subsequent transport to 

America's western cities. 

Includes 282 bills of lading documenting the varied cargo shipped by the 

company. Each bill features an engraving showing a lake or harbor scene. 

Folio 126. 

1321. Manz, Gustav, 1865-1946. 
Papers. 1909-65. 

12 vols. 4^ 1 microfilm reel. 

Gustav Manz was a German-born jeweler and goldsmith who worked in 
New York City. He specialized in creating animal sculptures. Manz created 
pieces for many well-known firms of the day, including Tiffany; Cartier; 
A. A. Vantine; and Baily, Banks & Biddle. 

Collection includes three manuscript volumes, nine printed volumes, and a 
reel of microfilm. The manuscripts are illustrated sources that record 
Manz's work up to about 1925; the printed volumes are books on jewelry 
and gemstones; and the microfilm contains a scrapbook and notes com- 
piled by Manz's daughter documenting her father's work. 
Collection 53; Microfilm 2430. 

1322. Marble, Albert C. 
Photographs of cup plates. 1930-48. 
143 items: ill. 

346 Guide to the Winterthur LUnnty 

Albert C. Marble, a resident of Worcester, Massachusetts, was an avid col- 
lector of glass cup plates. 

Most of the photographs in this collection feature several plates within a 
single photo. Their dimensions, patterns, and colors are often described on 
the back. Many include prices, perhaps those paid by Marble for the glass- 
ware. Most historical cup plates feature depictions of important people and 
places. Others feature decorative designs. 
Collection 161. 

1323. Markley, J. E. 
Memorandum book. 1850-52. 
36 p.; 20 cm. 

J. E. Markley, a resident of South Carolina, taught reading, sewed for a so- 
cial club, and attended church regularly. 

Manuscript is a diary of Markley's activities. She noted traveling to 
Charleston, South Carolina, where she remained for two months, and 
charted her movements in the city. Back home, she wrote about sewing, 
teaching young boys, visiting neighbors, keeping house for her ill mother, 
and doing needlework. 
Document 322. 

1324. Marks and monograms on china. Ca. 1850. 
26 leaves: ill.; 28 cm. 

Records pottery and porcelain marks of English and continental European 
makers. Volume is organized by the type of pottery or porcelain, then by 
where the product was made. The majority of the volume relates to Sevres 
porcelain, including explanations and chronologies of marks and designs. 
Text is in French. 
Document 263. 

1325. Marsh, Charles H. 
Architectural drawings. 1876-79. 
20 items: ill. 

Charles Marsh was an architect who lived at 88 Griswold Street, Detroit, 


Collection consists of eleven designs for the Washtenaw County, Michigan, 

courthouse; six designs for a Fireman's Monument at Elmwood in Detroit; 

a design for the Detroit Grape Sugar Co.; a drawing of a house for the 

Honorable Philo Parsons; and a ground-floor plan for an unidentified 


Finding aid available. 

Collection 129. 

1326. Marsh, E. S. 

Memoir of the centennial exhibition of 1876. 1876-77. 
35 leaves: col. ill.; 25 cm. 

Doiviis CoUectkm and Archives 347 

E. S. Marsh lived in Brandon, Vermont. 

Volume records Marsh's impressions of his three-week visit to the Centen- 
nial Exhibition, held in Philadelphia. He wrote his thoughts into a blank 
volume issued for that purpose by J. H. Coates & Company. The volume 
contains eight color lithographs drawn by L. Aubrun (and published by 
Thomas Hunter) that depict buildings that had been featured at the Fair. 
Document 113. 

1327. Marshall, Christopher, 1709-97. 
Account book. 1765-72. 

1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Christopher Marshall was a druggist and merchant from Philadelphia. He 
was in business as Christopher Marshall & Son and, later, as Christopher & 
Charles Marshall. 

Volume includes an inventory of drugs and other stock on hand as of 
March 1, 1765, when Christopher & Charles Marshall began business. In 
addition to drugs, they carried such products as teas, pepper, paints, lin- 
seed oil, newspapers, and magazines. Manuscript also includes invoices 
and miscellaneous accounts. 

Diaries kept by Christopher Marshall located at the Historical Society of 
Document 668. 

1328. Martin, Nathaniel F. 
Account book. 1790-1810. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Nathaniel F. Martin was a chairmaker from Hampton, Connecticut. 
Accounts in the manuscript relate to chairmaking and Martin's employ- 
ment of workmen. 

Original manuscript located at the Connecticut Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2834.2. 

1329. Mascarene family. 
Papers. 1687-1839. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Members of the Mascarene family worked as merchants in Boston. 

Collection contains business papers relating to merchandising, including 

orders of goods for the import-export trade and such personal materials as 

letters and poetry. 

Name index available. 

Original manuscripts located at the Massachusetts Historical Society. 

Microfilm M1411. 

1330. Masey, Philip Edward. 

The comical-tragical history of a little pig written for the amusement of a 
little duck by her pa. 1870? 

348 Guide to the W/mtertluir Library 

5 p.: col. ill.; 36 cm. 

Original child's story written in rhyme about a pig that runs away from 
home and is punished by having his throat slit upon his return. 
Document 256. 

1331. Masey, Philip Edward. 

Random rhymes, by Pa, Christmas 1870. 1870. 

8 p.: ill.; 36 cm. 

Manuscript contains children's poems featuring such subjects as animals, 

pets, and play. Each selection is accompanied by an illustration. 

Document 255. 

1332. Mason, Hannah Rogers, 1806-? 

Diary or an account of the events of everyday life. 1825-27, 1830-34, 1836. 
92 p.; 21 cm. 

Hannah Rogers Mason was a resident of Boston. Her husband was attor- 
ney William P. Mason. 

Many entries focus on sickness and death and reflect a contemplative, 
thoughtful nature. Rogers mentions a trip that she took to Niagara Falls 
and another to the Catskill Mountains. In 1826 she discussed how domestic 
and literary lives were incompatible for women. 
Document 361. 

1333. Mason, Jonathan, 1795-1884. 
Recollections of a septuagenarian. 1866?-81. 
3 vols.: ill.; 20 cm. 

Jonathan Mason was a portrait and figure painter, a student of Gilbert Stu- 
art, and a friend or acquaintance of many major nineteenth-century Ameri- 
can artists. 

Mason's memoir begins with his parents' recollections of the American 
Revolution and his own remembrances of his childhood in Boston. He con- 
tinues with accounts of his friendships with artists and other luminaries, 
including Gilbert Stuart, Washington AUston, Horatio Greenough, Thomas 
Sully, Charles Robert Leslie, Washington Irving, Andrew Jackson, and the 
Marquis de Lafayette. Volume includes copies of unpublished letters from 
Allston, Greenough, and others as well as an account of Mason's extensive 
European travels. 

Volume was commissioned by the author and, except for a few comments, 
is written in another's hand. 
Document 30. 

1334. Massachusetts. Probate Court (Bristol County). 

Bristol County probate court records. 1687-1881, bulk 1758-1821. 

25 microfilm reels. 

Bristol County is located in southeastern Massachusetts and spans about 

520 square miles. Its county seat is Taunton. 

Doums Callectkm and Archives 349 

Includes two reels of indexes and twenty-three reels of probate records. 
Original volume indexes available. 

Typescript listing volumes, the years they cover, and reel numbers avail- 

Records housed at the Bristol County Registry of Probate in Taunton. 
Microfilm M2892-M2916. 

1335. Massachusetts Probate Court (Plymouth County). 

Plymouth County Probate Court records. 1686-1827, bulk 1758-1827. 
19 microfilm reels. 

Plymouth County is in southeastern Massachusetts, bounded on the east 
by the Atlantic Ocean. Its county seat is Plymouth. 

Includes one reel containing an index and eighteen reels containing probate 

Original volume indexes available. 

Typescript listing volumes, the years they cover, and reel numbers avail- 

Records located at the Plymouth County Registry of Probate in Plymouth. 
Microfilm M2873-M2891. 

1336. Massachusetts Registry of Probate (Hampshire County). 
Probate records for Hampshire County, Massachusetts. 1660-1820. 
12 microfilm reels. 

Hampshire County is located in western Massachusetts in the Connecticut 
River Valley just east of the Berkshire Mountains. Its county seat is North- 

Includes wills and inventories of Hampshire County residents. In 1812 
Hampden County was carved out of Hampshire County territory. Thus, 
these records cover pre-1812 Hampden County inhabitants. 
Microfilm M939-M950. 

1337. Massachusetts Supreme Court. 
Register. 1809-25. 

1 vol.; 33 cm. 

Columns on each page list the date, memoranda, taxable cost, and amounts 
paid. The memoranda column provides a place to summarize the case in 
question, to list witnesses, and to record action taken by the court. The 
taxable-cost column includes amounts paid for copies, pleas, notaries, and 
transcripts of trials. 
Name index laid in. 
Document 716. 

1338. Massachusetts local tax lists. 1648-1820. 
25 microfilm reels. 

Records include daybooks of selectmen, petitions, indentures, and lists of 
people who owed taxes. Twenty-one communities, most from the Boston 

350 Guide to the Winlertlwr Lihrnry 

area (though not including Boston), are represented. Records are not com- 

Finding aid available. 

Original items located at the Charles Warren Center, Harvard University 
Microfilm M1375-M1399. 

1339. Massachusetts State Capitol. 
Lithographs. 1853-54. 

16 items: ill. 

Lithographs by J. H. Bufford depict plans for the enlargement of the three- 
story Massachusetts state capitol. Longitudinal and transverse sections, 
plans for the cellar, and floor plans are featured. Gridley J. F. Bryant was 
the architect. 
Collection 357. 

1340. Masser, Susan Anne. 
Commonplace book. 1830-36. 
1 vol.; 26 cm. 

Susan Anne Masser lived in Reading, Pennsylvania. 

Manuscript contains poetry and personal sentiments written to Masser by 

her friends. 

Document 419. 

1341. Masson, M. 
Cookbook. 1893-95. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

M. Masson attended Mrs. A. B. Marshall's cooking school in London. 
Contains recipes taught at Marshall's cooking school, including directions 
for the preparation of continental cuisine, garnishes, sauces, and jellies. 
Document 659. 

1342. Material relating to the public works of art project and WPA projects in 
Pennsylvania. Ca. 1940. 

4 microfilm reels. 

Records include reports, pamphlets, correspondence, and lists of artists re- 
lated to various government-sponsored art projects. There are many letters 
to and from Fiske Kimball, one-time director of the Philadelphia Museum 
of Art. 

Original material located at the National Archives and Records Adminis- 
tration and at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. 
Microfilm M2867-M2870. 

1343. Matthews, Hannah. 
Account book. 1790-1813. 

• 41 p.; 20 cm. 

Dciums Collection and Archives 351 

Hannah Matthews lived in Yarmouth, Maine. She contributed to the house- 
hold economy by combing and weaving textiles. 

Manuscript records Matthews's work weaving, spinning, and carding in 
exchange for such needed commodities as lime, corn, rye, mutton, hog 
lard, candles, mowing, etc. 
Alphabetical name index in front of volume. 
Document 301. 

1344. Maurepas, Jean Frederic Phelypeaux, Comte de, 1701-81. 
Papers. 1731^3. 

11 items. 

The Comte de Maurepas was a nobleman in the court of Louis XV and at 

one time served as his secretary of the navy. He also served as secretary of 

both the king's and the queen's households. 

Includes two groups of items: reports on English cloth manufacture and 

the Levant trade and reports analyzing the feasibility of selling cloth from 

Rouen in Spain and the West Indies. Included in the reports are discussions 

of wool produced in England, how French woolens competed successfully 

with those made in England, marketing cloth in Turkey, and unethical 

practices in the trade. Sixty-four swatches of French-made fabric are also 


French-language text on details of woolen cloth manufacture translated 

into English and in the Florence Montgomery Papers (Collection 107). 

Collection 300; Microfilm M850. 

1345. Maurer, Louis, 1832-1932. 
Letters. 1925-32. 

17 items. 

Louis Maurer was a German-born lithographer and painter who spent 
much of his life in New York City. He studied art in Mentz, Germany, came 
to the United States with his family in 1851, and found early employment 
with the publishing firm of T. W. Strong. Maurer also worked for Currier & 
Ives and then Major & Knapp before establishing his own firm, Maurer & 
Hcppenheimer. He died shortly after his one hundredth birthday. 
Most letters are from Louis Maurer to Harry T. Peters, author of Currier & 
Ives, Printmakers to the American People, issued in two volumes, the first 
published in 1929 and the second in 1931. Many of the letters contain per- 
sonal greetings, invitations to social events, and acknowledgements for fa- 
vors. A few letters relate to lithographers and lithography. 
Collection 450. 

1346. Maverick, P R. 

Perpetual almanack: dedicated to the citizens of the United States. 1804-11. 

1 leaf: ill.; 20 x 24 cm. 

P. R. Maverick was an engraver from New York City. 

352 Guide to the Wiiiterthtir Library 

Almanack is a perpetual calendar consisting of moveable parts that can be 
adjusted to display days, months, and years. 
Folio 59. 

1347. Maxwell, James Riddle, 1836-1912. 
Letter books. 1884-1912. 

2 vols.; 31 cm. 

James R. Maxwell was a civil engineer from Newark, Delaware, who spent 
most of his career working for railroad companies. His career took him to 
the American West, Peru, and Central America. In his capacity as chief en- 
gineer of explorations for the Isthmian Canal Commission, he scouted pos- 
sible routes for what would eventually become the Panama Canal. 
Letter books include copies of personal and official correspondence. Max- 
well comments on western topography, real estate he owned near Puget 
Sound, work for the Union Pacific Railway and the Colorado Southern 
Railway, the development of the railroad in Peru and Colombia, his time in 
the Isthmus, and contacts that he and his coworkers maintained with South 
American natives. Some letters are addressed to Charles Francis Adams. 
Other James Riddle Maxwell papers located in the Special Collections De- 
partment of the University of Delaware library. 
Document 180. 

1348. May, Robert, 1750-1812. 
Papers. 1765-1809. 

7 vols. 

Robert May worked in the iron industry. He was born in Philadelphia 
County, Pennsylvania; after marrying into the Potts family, he became a 
partner in its business, the Joanna Furnace. Robert's brother, Thomas, was 
a merchant from Wilmington, Delaware, who also worked in the iron in- 
dustry at a furnace named Elk Forge in Cecil County, Maryland. In 1794 
Robert formed a partnership with John and Stephen Hayes and Joshua Seal 
to operate the furnace at Elk Forge under the name Robert May & Com- 

Collection consists of three exercise books: two contain mathematical exer- 
cises, and one is a copybook containing writings of a religious nature. In 
addition, there are two account books relating to the estate of Thomas May 
and two volumes recording the activities of the Elk Forge. 
Collection 291. 

1349. Mechanic (sloop). 

Bills of the Mechanic, Benjamin Hallet, master. 1821. 

41 items. 

Benjamin Hallet, a captain, commanded the sloop Mechanic, and Stephen 

Herrick, a New York City grocer, was a part owner of the vessel. 

Dinms CoUectiim ami Archives 353 

Collection of bills documents repairs made to the Mechanic and supplies 
needed for its crew, including mattresses, blankets, compasses, cutlery, ta- 
bleware, and cabin curtains. 
Collection 514. 

1350. Mehargue, John. 
Account book. 1825^8. 
74 p.; 33 cm. 

John Mehargue was a furnituremaker from either Lebanon or Lancaster 

County, Pennsylvania. 

Mehargue recorded his activities making, mending, and painting furniture. 

He also worked on wagons, turned wood, repaired signs, and chopped 

wood. The last page of the volume lists remedies for healing ailing horses. 

Name index available. 

Document 682. 

1351. Meigs, Henry, 1 782-1 86L 
Diary. 1827-36, 1850-55. 

188 p.: ill.; 21 cm. + 1 microfilm reel. 

Henry Meigs was a lawyer, judge, and congressman from New York City. 
A native of New Haven, Connecticut, he graduated from Yale in 1799 and 
then studied and practiced law. Apart from his life as an attorney and con- 
gressman, Meigs served as the recording secretary of the American Insti- 
tute and secretary of a group called the Farmers Club. 
Consists of three diaries. Entries include information about Meigs's daily 
routine and social activities, running his household, gardening, health, as- 
tronomy, balloon ascensions, weather, and his family. 
Document 590; Microfilm M2852. 

1352. Meigs, Montgomery Cunningham, 1816-92. 
Papers. 1856-1892, bulk 1856-60. 

1 vol. -I- inclusions: ill.; 40 cm. 

Montgomery Meigs was an army officer and engineer. He graduated from 
the United States Military Academy in 1836. Between 1852 and 1860, he 
served as supervising engineer for the Washington Aqueduct and for the 
wings and dome of the Capitol. After serving in the Civil War, he super- 
vised planning of the Department of War building. Meigs also submitted 
plans for buildings for the Smithsonian, National Museum, and Pension 
Department. Meigs was a regent of the Smithsonian and belonged to the 
American Philosophical Society and the National Academy of Science. 
The volume that constitutes the bulk of these papers contains 166 salted 
paper prints of floor plans, elevations, views, and diagrams of the United 
States Capitol, Washington Aqueduct, the General Post Office, the Patent 
Office, and buildings at the University of Virginia. Newspaper clippings in- 
clude Meigs's obituary. 

354 Guide to Ihc Winterllmr Libran/ 

List of contents at front of volume. 
Folio 61. 

1353. Melcher, Gershom F. 
Papers. 1865-75. 

1 envelope: ill. 

Gershom F. Melcher was a watchmaker and jewelry salesman in Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire. 

Collection includes more than one hundred loose bills and receipts and a 
bound invoice book. Materials document charges for glass, cutlery, and ce- 
ramics as well as Melcher's wide-ranging contacts with other businesses in 
New England and New York. 
Name index available. 
Collection 4. 

1354. Memoranda book. 1800-1810. 
1 vol.; 15 cm. 

Contains just a few pages with information on rental properties that were 
probably located in Virginia. Also included are records of miscellaneous 
births and deaths in 1803. 
Document 880. 

1355. Mendinhall, Eslelle M. 
Diaries and letters. 1905-6. 
26 items. 

Estelle M. Mendinhall was married to William Mendinhall. She resided at 
1401 Pennsylvania Avenue, Wilmington, Delaware. 

Consists of three diary volumes, twenty-two letters, and one page contain- 
ing miscellaneous notes written while the Mendinhalls toured Europe and 
northern Africa. The manuscripts offer a nicely detailed record of the Men- 
dinhall's itinerary, social life, and activities. The couple traveled in En- 
gland, Scotland, Ireland, Switzerland, Italy, France, Germany, France, the 
Netherlands, and Egypt. Many of the sights they visited were either associ- 
ated with literary figures or important for art historical or antiquarian rea- 
Collection 271. 

1356. Mendinhall, Sarah. 
Scrapbook. 1877-83. 

39 leaves: ill (some col.); 39 cm. 

Sarah and Sallie Mendinhall compiled this album. It contains primarily 
chromolithographed Christmas and New Years cards. Illustrations depict 
children, flowers, winter scenes, fairies, angels, and animals. Some cards 
fold out, and some have fringe decoration. The work of Marcus Ward, L. 
Prang, Raphael Tuck, and Hildescheimer & Faulkner are represented. 
Folio 287. 

Dawns Collection ami Archives 355 

1357. Menus. 1854-1930. 

1 box: ill (some col.) 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains menus primarily from ho- 
tel restaurants. A few are from railroads and ships. Most have illustrations 
showing the hotel that housed the restaurant. Many menus contain wine 
lists. Menus do not include food prices. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 326. 

1358. Menus. 19107-19? 
47 leaves; 22 cm. 

Volume includes menus for breakfast, tea, and dinner. All have been writ- 
ten in pencil, and some contain ink corrections. Most are in French, though 
there are occasional examples in English. 
Document 68. 

1359. Mercer, John, 1791-1866. 
Letter. 1844. 

1 item. 

John Mercer was a calico printer and chemist. He was born in the parish of 
Great Harwood, England, and was the son of a weaver and farmer. After 
his father's death, Mercer became a bobbin winder and then, like his father, 
a weaver. In 1807 he began to learn the techniques of dyeing cloth. Over 
the years, Mercer studied mathematics and chemistry, entered into business 
partnerships, and developed a process called Mercerizing that thickened 
and shortened cotton strands to make them stronger. 
Letter was written on September 24, 1844, by Mercer to his son. He com- 
mented on the kind of fabric that shoppers were buying in London at the 
time and included twelve samples. Mercer critiqued the appearance of the 
samples and expressed displeasure with unnecessary blotches and spotting. 
Collection 50. 

1360. Meredith, Jonathan. 
Bills. 1787-1804. 

50 items. 

Jonathan Meredith was a tanner from Philadelphia. Evidence suggests that 
he owned property, including four houses that he rented to tenants, a store, 
and a tanning yard. City directories list Meredith as a "Gentleman," sug- 
gesting that he was a wealthy and prominent member of the community. 
Collection contains bills for renovations to several of the properties that 
Meredith owned. Bills refer to glazing; constructing stair mouldings, col- 
umns, cypress shingles, cellar doors, windows, marble chimney pieces; and 
purchasing bricks and stone. 
Collection 489. 

356 Guide to the Wiiiterlhur Library 

1361. Merrick, Thomas T. 
Exercise book. Ca. 1810. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 34 cm. 

Thomas T. Merrick resided in Balston Spa, New York. 

Consists of mathematical exercises related to weights and measures, money 

conversions, decimals, barter, interest, and insurance. Of particular note are 

money conversion problems comparing pounds to federal money as well 

as various state currencies to federal money. 

Document 615. 

1362. Merrifield, George. 
Account book. 1831-43. 
1 vol.; 41 cm. 

George Merrifield was a furnituremaker in Albany, New York, who worked 
in at least two partnerships before striking out on his own. 
Manuscript reveals the different kinds of furniture that Merrifield made: 
cabinets, beds, case furniture, tables, desks, and stools. He also installed 
and trimmed blinds, made and installed cornices, repaired furniture, and 
performed various carpentry services. The book was later used by a family 
member to record farming activities. 
Folio 159. 

1363. Merrill, Freedom. 
Account book. 1808-54. 
192 p.; 39 cm. 

Freedom Merrill of Vernon, New York, appears to have been the first per- 
son to record accounts in this manuscript. A second, unidentified individ- 
ual maintained the book from 1851 to 1854. Entries refer to blacksmithing, 
building and framing, carpentry, carriage and wagon work, furniture work, 
weaving, agriculture, and day labor. 
Name indexes available. 
Folio 31. 

1364. Merrill & Rowell Company. 
Bill book. 1845-46. 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Merrill & Rowell Company appears to have operated a general store in 
Franklin, Massachusetts. 

Records of goods purchased by Merrill & Rowell from other merchants, 
presumably to stock the shelves of their store. Such items as glass, earthen- 
ware, tea sets, dishes, mugs, hats, barrels of fish, and combs are mentioned. 
Document 267. 

1365. Merriman, Charles B. 
Bills. 1850-76. 

1 envelope. 

Dmvits Collection ami Archives 357 

Charles B. Merriman lived in Waterbury, Connecticut. 
Collection consists primarily of bills for harness, carriage, and jewelry re- 
pairs as well as horse and saddle supplies. There are a few bills for table 
flatware and furniture. 
Collection 86. 

1366. Merritt, Benjamin H. 

Diary. 1858-59, 1863, 1895, 1900-1902. 
7 vols.; 15 cm. or smaller. 

Benjamin H. Merritt worked in a sawmill owned by J. Ruxer in Somers 
Center, New York. He was later involved in a business venture at Sing Sing 
Prison, near Ossining, New York. To supplement his income, Merritt rented 
properties that he owned. 

Diary records Merritt's activities as a young man getting started in his ca- 
reer and as an elderly man who seemed quite ill. In addition to writing 
about sawing, he wrote about the construction of his house, a training pro- 
gram at Sing Sing Prison that occupied some of his time, leisure pursuits, 
and his rental properties. 
Collection 336. 

1367. Merwin family. 

Account book. 1825-54, bulk 1825-^1. 
62 p.; 20 cm. 

Elias Merwin was a cobbler and tailor from Warren, Connecticut. His wife, 
Annes, and son, Alonzo, continued using the book after Elias's death in 
1830. The names RoUa Merwin and Esther Minerva Merwin also appear. 
Contains accounts of work done by the family, including weaving a blan- 
ket, fixing shoes, work on the highway, haying, chopping wood, and 
boarding people. Also includes a list from November 1837 of goods that 
Annes let her son have when he set up his own home as well as undated 
instructions for making a "briUiant whitewash." 
Document 79. 

1368. Messinger, Lyman B. 
Notebook. 1873. 

1 vol.: ill.; 24 cm. 

Lyman B. Messinger was born and raised in Massachusetts. He entered the 
United States Military Academy in 1872 but resigned his commission after 
completing only three years. 

Messinger kept this notebook aboard the USS Constellution, sister ship of 
the USS Constitution, during a practice mission in 1873. His remarks pro- 
vide detailed descriptions of the vessel's rigging, sails, Hnes, and general 
equipment. Twenty-one hand-drawn illustrations of the Constellation are 
also included. Caption title: "L. B. Messinger, U.S.S. Constellation practice 
cruise of '73." 
Document 413. 

358 Guide to lite Wiiilertlmr Library 

1369. Meyer, Conrad, 1793-1881. 
Papers. 1814-81. 

26 items: ill. 

A native of Marburg, Germany, Conrad Meyer was a cabinetmaker and, 
later, a piano manufacturer. After serving in the army, he apprenticed with 
a cabinetmaker in his hometown. In America, Meyer built pianos, first in 
Baltimore and then in Philadelphia. His sons eventually joined the busi- 
ness. Meyer is credited with advancing the methods of pianomaking and 
won many awards at public exhibitions between 1833 and 1879. 
Most documents refer to Meyer's career as a pianomaker. His earlier ac- 
tives are preserved, however, though his "Wunderbuch," in which he re- 
corded information about his apprenticeship in Marburg and other mate- 
rial concerning his life. Letters from business associates, printed ephemera, 
photographs, an obituary, and other items complete the collection. 
Finding aid to collection available. 
Collection 171. 

1370. Michel, Rieman William, 1896-? 
Papers. 1910-70. 

10 boxes: ill. 

Rieman William Michel was a silversmith. He began his career in 1909 with 

the firm of Jenkins & Jenkins. In 1913 he left to join Samuel Kirk & Son, 

where he remained until 1952. He collected silversmithing and chasing 


Papers include drawings and photographs of silver objects, photos of tools, 

nine small ledgers, and a few pieces of correspondence. Objects depicted 

include candlesticks, tankards, mace, loving cups, platters, baskets, goblets, 

tea sets, and trays. 

Finding aid available. 

Books from Michel's library in Collection of Printed Books and Periodicals. 

Collection 277; Microfilm M3003-3008. 

1371. Miekle, S. 

Account book. 1873-82. 

330 p.; 35 cm. 

S. Miekle was a blacksmith in Chatham, New York. 

Manuscript contains entries for blacksmithing work, including making 

horseshoes, repairing wagons, mending forks, repairing or replacing 

whiffletrees and neck yokes, and making bolts. 

Document 198. 

1372. Millar, Richard Chaytor. 
Design book. 1865-90. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 57 cm. 

Dozens Collection ami Archives 359 

Richard Chaytor Millar was an architect in Dublin, Ireland. He studied un- 
der E. H. Carson from 1860 to 1864 and then went to London to work for 
Frederick William Porter and John Newton for two years. Millar traveled in 
Europe for six months in 1867. He then returned to Dublin and started his 
own architectural firm. He was an architect for the Bank of Ireland and by 
1883 worked in partnership with Sand ham Symes. Millar was a member of 
the Royal Institute of British Architects. 

Manuscript contains designs for ceramic tiles, floor coverings, architectural 
details, rooms in houses, alterations to buildings, furniture, and embroi- 
dery. Drawings are sketched in pencil and many have been colored. Most 
are signed and dated. 
Folio 253. 

1373. Miller, Charles H. 
Financial accounts. 1908-26. 
227 p.; 23 cm. 

Charles Miller resided in Scranton, Pennsylvania. He owned several rental 
properties and, according to a newspaper article that is laid in, popularized 
a local hotel. A hobby was fishing. 

Accounts consist of records of rent receipts, dividends, bills, taxes, and sal- 
aries for domestic help. Also featured are newspaper clippings of local in- 
terest, handwritten comments on employees, and a twenty-page record of 
the estate of Peter Miller for which Charles H. Miller was executor. 
Name index of people and subjects at front of volume. 
Document 220. 

1374. Miller, David C. 
Daybook. 1854-92. 
760 p.; 40 cm. 

David C. Miller was a marble worker who operated the Newburgh Monu- 
ment and Grave Stone Manufactory, also known as Miller's Marble and 
Granite Works and the Miller Monument Works. It was located in New- 
burgh, New York. 

Dated entries list names of customers, products purchased, and prices 
paid. Among the products Miller sold were grave markers, sills for doors 
and windows, black marble for mantels, bases for piers, stone for door 
jambs, tops for wash stands, and chimney caps. 
Folio 5. 

1375. Miller, George. 

Illuminated music book. 1809, 1839-54. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 17 cm. 

George Miller attended Vincent School in Chester County, Pennsylvania, at 

the time that he compiled this volume. 

360 GiiUe to tlie Wiiilertliur Lihranj 

Manuscript includes music and accompanying lyrics. The first page fea- 
tures a Fraktur-style illustration. Genealogical information and recipes for 
salves and home remedies are recorded toward the back of the book. 
Document 769. 

1376. Miller, Godfrey 
Exercise book. 1800. 

45 leaves: ill. (some col); 33 cm. 

Godfrey Miller was a math student at the time that he compiled this manu- 

Book contains notes, word problems, and arithmetic calculations for nu- 
merous mathematical exercises. In studying mensuration, young Godfrey 
noted techniques for measuring and calculating surface area and volume 
with examples taken from such work as glazing, painting, joining, sawing, 
bricklaying, carpentry, and surveying. 
Document 1067. 

1377. Miller, James. 
Letter. 1811. 

1 microfilm reel. 

James Miller wrote this letter on July 19, 1811, from Pittsburgh. In it, he 
described the glass trade in that city. He addressed it to someone named 
Catherine, presumably his sister, Catherine Miller, a resident of Philadel- 

Original letter located at the Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Li- 
brary, at time of filming. 
Microfilm M301. 2. 

1378. Miller, Johannes, 1777-1858. 
Copybook. 1789. 

4 p.: ill.; 21 cm. 

Johannes Miller was the son of Nicholas and Dinah Miller. He attended the 

Vincent School in Chester County, Pennsylvania. 

Manuscript includes copies of the letters of the alphabet. Its cover bears a 

Fraktur-style illumination featuring four stars joined by decorative bands 

and leafy vines. There is an illustration of a boy in a long coat carrying an 

arrow as well. Text is in German. 

Document 906. 

1379. Miller, Mrs. Edgar Grim. 
Galt-Motter-Bowman-Sitgreaves-Vail-Miller papers. 1806-1970. 
28 boxes. 

Mrs. Edgar Grim Miller was a genealogist who compiled information 
about her ancestors. She researched family members who lived in Balti- 
more; Emmitsburg, Maryland; Washington, D.C.; Lancaster, Pennsylvania; 
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; and Kansas. 

D(7zw;s Collection and Archives 361 

Consists of correspondence referring to the social lives and customs of 
Miller's forebears. Several ministers, military figures, and medical practi- 
tioners are mentioned, including Episcopalian bishops Samuel Bowman 
and Thomas Hubbard Vail; Civil War participants Alexander Hamilton 
Bowman and I. Everett Vail; and physicians James Taylor Motter and Mur- 
ray Gait Motter. Some material has been organized into genealogical charts. 
Folder title listing and summary of some genealogical information avail- 
Collection 45. 

1380. Miller family 

Bills and receipts. 1805-43. 
Approx. 230 items. 

The Miller family lived in Worcester, Massachusetts. According to an 1829 
city directory, Henry W. Miller worked as a chairmaker and fire engine 
manufacturer. By 1842 he owned a hardware business, sold window glass, 
and made cooking stoves. Lucy A. Miller was a tailor. 

Most bills record the expenses of Henry W. Miller, who bought a wide vari- 
ety of household and personal goods, including furnishings, fabric, reading 
material, and hardware. Another set of bills have to do with settling John 
Miller's estate. They document household repairs, paper hanging, and the 
acquisition of household furnishings. 
Collection 462. 

1381. Mills, Cecil R. 
Letters. 1899-1900. 
29 items: ill. 

Cecil R. Mills lived in Chicago. He may have been a traveling salesman 
and appears to have been an amateur singer. 

Mills sent these letters to family members while traveling on business in 
Montana, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, California, and Utah. He often wrote 
on hotel stationery. Though many of the letters are about family matters. 
Mills also discusses his experiences during travel and the sights he saw. He 
recounts being robbed at gunpoint. 
Collection 378. 

1382. Mills, Coleman. 

Data on the Peale family 1790-1829. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Coleman and Charles Mills collected miscellaneous information on the 
Peale family of artists and created a scrapbook containing what they as- 
sembled, including newspaper clippings, genealogical information, corre- 
spondence, and pamphlets. 
Separate list of pamphlets available. 
Original scrapbook in private hands at time of filming. 
Microfilm M884. 

362 Guide to the Winterllttir Librnry 

1383. Mills, Robert, 1781-1855. 
Papers. 1808-53. 

17 microfiche. 

Robert Mills was an architect, engineer, and watercolor painter. It is said 
that he was America's first native-born professional architect. From 1836 to 
1851, he was Architect of Public Buildings. Mills submitted the winning 
drawing for the design of the Washington Monument. 
Records contain correspondence, an autobiographical sketch, lists of pro- 
jects, drawings and specifications, family portraits, and other miscellaneous 
Microfilm M2726. 

1384. Milton Bradley & Co. 

American fire department: a sectional picture toy. 1882. 
1 game (54 cards in wooden box): col. ill. 

After having worked as a lithographer for about four years, Milton Bradley 
(1836-1911) established the firm that carries his name in Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1864. The company made games, puzzles, and scientific toys; 
published books and magazines; and popularized the game of croquet. In 
1920 it purchased McLoughlin Brothers, a competing firm. 
Toy consists of fifty-four cards on which are pictured "a complete modern 
American Fire Department, consisting of Steamer, Horse Carriage, Chemi- 
cal Engine, Insurance Patrol Team, and Hook and Ladder Truck, on the run 
to a fire." 
Document 55. 

1385. Milton Bradley & Co. 

The contraband gymnast. 1872. 
1 toy: col. ill. 

After having worked as a lithographer for about four years, Milton Bradley 
(1836-1911) established the firm that carries his name in Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1864. The company made games, puzzles, and scientific toys; 
published books and magazines; and popularized the game of croquet. In 
1920 it purchased McLoughlin Brothers, a competing firm. 
Movable toy in a decorative envelope showing possible positions of a black 
gymnast who is dressed in a suit colored red, white, and blue. Item is ac- 
companied by a horizontal bar. 
Collection 220. 

1386. Milton Bradley & Co. 

The game of Rip Van Winkle: a modern version of an old tale. 1909. 

1 game (40 cards) -I- booklet. 

After having worked as a lithographer for about four years, Milton Bradley 

(1836-1911) established the firm that carries his name in Springfield, Mas- 

Doums Collection ami Archives 363 

sachusetts, in 1864. The company made games, puzzles, and scientific toys; 
published books and magazines; and popularized the game of croquet. In 
1920 it purchased McLoughlin Brothers, a competing firm. 
Booklet and cardgame based on the story of Rip van Winkle. 
Collection 220. 

1387. Milton Bradley & Co. 

Myriopticon: a historical panorama of the rebellion. 1866-1868. 
1 box: col. ill.; 13 x 21 x 5 cm. 

After having worked as a lithographer for about four years, Milton Bradley 
(1836-1911) established the firm that carried his name in Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1864. The company made games, puzzles, and scientific toys; 
published books and magazines; and popularized the game of croquet. In 
1920 it purchased McLoughlin Brothers, a competing firm. 
Object provides a visual history of the Civil War from the battle at Fort 
Sumter to the evacuation of Confederate forces from Richmond, Virginia. 
Accompanied by a lecture, showbill, and sheet of admission tickets. Milton 
Bradley is reputed to have drawn the pictures and written the script him- 
Collection 220. 

1388. Minnich, Michale. 
Exercise book. 1833. 
20 leaves; 32 cm. 

Michale Minnich was a student of accounting, perhaps from the Boston 


Minnich used this manuscript to learn the standard accounting practices of 

maintaining a daybook and corresponding ledger. Inconsistent spellings, 

mock names (such as John Teacher), and made-up prices indicate that the 

volume was used solely for educational purposes. 

Document 986. 

1389. Minot, George. 

Account book. 1732-35, 1767-85. 
1 vol.; 36 cm. 

George Minot lived in Boston. 

Volume records personal expenses of the Minot family, ranging from gro- 
ceries to tuition for a student. There is a section called "sundrys laid out 
for daughter Sarah, in order for marriage, 1767." 
Folio 259. 

1390. Minton, Hollins & Co. 
Patterns. Ca. 1870. 

3 items: col. ill. 

364 Guide to the Winterthiir Library 

Minton, Hollins & Co., a tilemaking firm, was established by Michael Dain- 

try Hollins in 1868. It continued to operate at Stoke-upon-Trent, England, 

into the 1950s. 

Patterns used to decorate enameled tiles included in the firm's landscape 

series. Illustrations included here feature a swan and bird in a pond, a ship 

at sea, and a church situated in a field. 

Document 698. 

1391. Minutes of the western Virginia land excursion. 1839. 
24 leaves; 16 cm. 

Manuscript is a travel narrative written by unidentified individuals who 
traveled from Sacketts Harbor, New York, to present-day West Virginia. 
They seem to have been scouting the area for possible settlement. There are 
many descriptions of landscape, climate, and vegetation. They traveled by 
wagon, boat, foot, and horseback. 
Document 192. 

1392. Miscellaneous accounts. 1667-1894. 
4 boxes. 

This artificial (and still open) collection consists of accounts, invoices, or- 
ders, and promissory notes. They have been gathered together to document 
goods and services associated with domestic and personal products. Such 
things as house furnishings, food and drink, clothing, clocks and watches, 
pottery, books, plumbing, and sewing are highlighted. Of the more than 
four hundred items in the collection, sixty percent date from the nineteenth 
century, and forty percent date from the eighteenth century. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 156. 

1393. Miscellaneous drawings. 1750-1940. 
Approx. 50 items. 

This artificial (and still open) collection consists of scale drawings and 
paintings of furniture and decorative objects. Drawings depict carriages, 
boats, fire engines, locomotives, and other subjects. Media used include 
watercolor, pen-and-ink, pencil, and chalk. The bulk of the collection dates 
from the nineteenth century. Some (though not many) of the artists are 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 200. 

1394. Miscellaneous prints. 1700-1900, bulk 1840-70. 
100 items: ill. (some col.) 

This artificial (and still open) collection consists of a variety of etchings, en- 
gravings, and lithographs. Approximately twenty percent are views of 
American cities, and several are in the form of folding paper souvenirs. 

Downs Collectinit and Archives 365 

Also featured are fashion illustrations, political cartoons, and engravings of 


Finding aid available. 

Collection 211. 

1395. Mitchell, Edward E. 
Letters. 1830-31. 

4 items. 

Edward E. Mitchell grew up at 32 Ouane Street, New York City, and was 

the son of a clergyman. 

Consists of four letters written by Mitchell to his family while he traveled 

from New York City to Charleston, South Carolina, on a vessel called the 

Empress. Though he did not favor sea travel, he wrote that he would not 

return by stagecoach because of the expense and poor road conditions. 

Document 291. 

1396. Moale, Randall H. 

Bills and receipts. 1816-57. 

16 items. 

Randall H. Moale was a lawyer from Baltimore. 

Collection consists of printed and nonprinted bills recording items that 

Moale purchased, including clothing, candles, floor coverings, fabric, 

drugs, gloves, and hats. 

Collection 493. 

1397. Mobley, William Frost. 

Funeral and mourning ephemera collection. 1809-1963, bulk 1855-1909. 
1 box + 1 framed picture: ill. 

Consists of a wide variety of mostly late nineteenth-century printed mate- 
rial about American funerary and mourning practice. Included are bills for 
gravestones, printed eulogies, invitations to funerals, illustrative billheads 
for funeral-related businesses, memorial cards, death announcements, cem- 
etery deeds, mourning card sample books, a mourning badge honoring 
President McKinley, and photographs. 
Name index available. 
Collection 6. 

1398. Monograms. 1892-1902. 

117 items: ill. (some col.); 26 cm. 

Collection contains printed or embossed monograms clipped from enve- 
lopes and letterheads. Most are from colleges or universities. Others come 
from hotels, clubs, churches, and public offices. Collection also includes a 
sample sheet of embossed designs and other associated papers. 
Collection 401. 

1399. Montgomery, Charles Franklin, 1910-78. 
Papers. 1947-74. 

366 Guide to the Wiitterthur Library 

153 boxes + 1 map case drawer: ill. 

Charles F. Montgomery was an antiques dealer, collector, and museum cu- 
rator. He began his museum career in 1949 when he joined the staff of Win- 
terthur Museum. He played a major role in establishing the Winterthur 
Program in Early American Culture, a graduate program offered with the 
University of Delaware. From 1954 to 1961 Montgomery served as director 
of Winterthur. He remained at Winterthur until 1970 as a research fellow 
and instructor and then joined Yale University as curator and professor of 
art history. He remained at Yale until his death. 

Papers consist of correspondence, lectures, class notes, research notes on 
pewter and furniture, notes for a second volume of American Fiiniiture, and 
material about Walpole Society activities and history. 
Finding aid available. 
Archives 14. 

1400. Moore, Emeline. 
Diary 1826-28. 
28 p.; 22 cm. 

Emeline Moore was a seminary student, perhaps near Cornwall, Connecti- 
cut, when she kept her diary. 

Much of young Emeline's diary reflects her ambitions to learn and apply 
her knowledge, wisdom, and virtues to everyday life. Many entries are reli- 
gious in nature, and there is a section entitled "Extracts from different Au- 
thors on several useful subjects particularly on the various Sciences." Eme- 
line also wrote definitions of words she wanted to remember. 
Document 1046. 

1401. Moore, George H. 

Daybook. 1853-67, bulk 1853-61. 
93 p.; 21 cm. 

George H. Moore was a jeweler and silversmith from Hopkinton, New 

Manuscript includes more than 650 entries relating to its keeper's profes- 
sion. Moore engraved a coffin plate, installed curtain fixtures, repaired tin- 
ware, and repaired the hands of the town clock. 
Document 21. 

1402. Morgan, Esther. 

Linen scrapbook. 1885-95. 
13 leaves: ill. (some col.); 33 cm. 
Esther Morgan lived in St. Louis. 

Volume contains several hundred examples of chromolithographic cutouts, 
greeting cards, and trade cards. Some are embossed. Morgan did not ar- 
range the depictions in her album in any particular way. There are illustra- 

Dozviis Collection and Archives 367 

tions of animals, women and children, African Americans, and women's 
fashions. Trade cards are from St. Louis businesses. 
Folio 279. 

1403. Morison, Daniel, d. 1825. 
Estate records. 1825-33. 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Daniel Morison made nails in New York City. 

Volume relates to the settlement of Morison's estate and includes an inven- 
tory of his possessions. Expenses associated with the construction of a 
building in the Bowery for Morison's heirs and its furnishings are docu- 
Document 635. 

1404. Morris, Anthony, 1766-1860. 
Account books. 1794-97, 1802-6. 

2 vols.; 33 cm. 

Anthony Morris was a lawyer and merchant from Philadelphia. As a 
youth, he studied with private tutors; in 1783 he graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. Morris gained admittance to the bar in 1787, but 
instead he became a merchant. He was particularly focused on trade with 
his East Indian contacts. Morris served as Speaker of the Pennsylvania Sen- 
ate, unofficial American envoy to Spain, director of the Bank of North 
America, and a trustee of his alma mater. He and his wife, Mary Smith 
Pemberton, raised four children, including a son, James Pemberton Morris. 
Volumes include a daybook and cashbook documenting personal and 
household expenses incurred by the Morris family. Most entries refer to the 
construction and furnishing of The Highlands, the Morris's residence out- 
side of Philadelphia. 

Ledgers that correspond to these account books located at the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania. 
See entry 1405. 
Document 737. 

1405. Morris, James Pemberton, 1790-1834. 
Diary 1823-25. 

55 p.; 32 cm. 

James Pemberton Morris owned a farm near Bristol in Bucks County, Penn- 
sylvania. He served as president of the county agricultural society, vestry- 
man at St. James Church, and promoter of the local library. He was the fa- 
ther of four daughters. His father was Anthony Morris. 
Diary entries record daily weather and agricultural activities. Morris docu- 
mented his planting schedules, kept records of what his orchards pro- 
duced, noted a barn raising, and recorded trips to Philadelphia. 
See entry 1404. 
Document 516. 

368 Guide ta the Wmlcrthur Library 

1406. Morris, Samuel C. 
Receipt book. 1769-81. 
1 vol.; 21 X 17 cm. 

Snmuel C. Morris was a Philadelphia-based merchant who appears to have 
been in business with Cadwalader Morris and later Thomas Morris. 
Many of the entries record the amounts paid by Morris for various goods 
and services. Such things as payments for carting tons of iron from the 
Carlisle Works, hauling hay, renting a store, dyeing velvet, and repairing 
shoes are noted. The purchase of such products as bushels of food, hats, 
books, and chests of tea are recorded. 
Document 734. 

1407. Morrison, John. 
Account book. 1839-53. 
180 p.; 43 cm. 

John Morrison was a wheelwright in Tolland County, Connecticut. 
Manuscript records Morrison's work. He repaired wagon seats, tool han- 
dles, and agricultural equipment; painted wagons; and hung wallpaper. He 
often received products and services in return for his labor. 
Folio 221. 

1408. Morse, Asa P. 
Bills. 1860-81. 
1 envelope. 

Asa P. Morse manufactured shooks in Boston. 

These bills refer to a wide range of items dealing with the upkeep of a 

house. Many refer to plumbing, carpentry, and repairs, while others are for 

such supplies as paint, lumber, hardware, window glass, and woodwork. 

Also included are bills for such furnishings as lighting devices, furniture, 

carpets, wallpaper, fabrics, and marble mantels. 

Collection 84. 

1409. Morse, James W., 1798-? 
Diary. 1876-81, bulk 1876-77. 
3 vols.; 20 cm. 

James W. Morse appears to have been a successful businessman, perhaps a 
merchant. He owned properties in Philadelphia, San Francisco, and New 
York City. He was a good friend of Ambrose C. Kingsland, a fellow mer- 
chant and New York City mayor during the 1850s. At one point early in his 
life, Morse resided in Lyons, France. He claims to have been a '49er. 
Volumes document Morse's travels. He took an extended trip south with 
Ambrose C. Kingsland during the winter of 1876; visited the Centennial 
Exhibition in Philadelphia; traveled to Sharon Springs and Saratoga, New 
York; and enjoyed a six-month vacation with Kingsland in Europe in 1877. 
Document 222. 

Downs Collection ami Archives 369 

1410. Moser, Amos D. 
Account book. 1848-57. 
146 p.; 33 cm. 

Amos D. Moser was a farmer in Pottsgrove Township, Pennsylvania. 
Contains financial accounts for plowing, harrowing, hauling, and mowing. 
Includes a number of agreements whereby fathers arranged for their sons 
to work for Moser for set periods of time. Also records numerous tax pay- 

Name index available. 
Document 138. 

1411. Moses, Sarah Gratz. 
Copybooks. 1832. 

2 vols.; 19 cm. or smaller. 

Consists of lecture notes, compositions, and writings about general knowl- 
edge and criticism kept by Sarah Gratz Moses when she was a student in 
Philadelphia. Covers of volumes include depictions of "flying artillery" 
and buildings. 
Document 821. 

1412. Mott, Mary Ellen. 
Account book. 1867-72. 
152 p.; 20 cm. 

Mary Ellen Mott lived in Saratoga Springs, New York, with her husband, 
William, and daughter, Mella. 

Volume includes a record of household expenses and purchases of food in 
addition to an account of income earned by taking boarders. There is also 
an inventory of "memorandum of table linen and bedding." 
Document 157. 

1413. Mount Vernon (ship). 
Disbursements. 1802-3. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Lists disbursements made at Canton, China. Also includes invoices and 
lists of Philadelphia merchants whose cargo was on board the Moimt Ver- 

Original material located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Microfilm Ml 06. 

1414. Mount Vernon Glass Company. 
Records. 1810-27. 

5 items. 

The Mount Vernon Glass Works was established in 1810 in Mount Vernon, 
New York, by a number of partners. It was known for making bottles, vi- 
als, and several varieties of historical flasks. The works closed in 1844 be- 
cause a shortage of timber, necessary for making the fires needed for the 

370 Guide to the Wiutertlnir Librnnj 

glassmaking process, impeded the firm's growth. Its proprietor, Oscar 
Granger, then moved the business to Mount Pleasant, New York. 
Consists of a manuscript copy of the act incorporating the business; min- 
utes of an 1818 company meeting; and deeds relating to the works and a 
burial ground in Mount Vernon. 
Collection 159. 

1415. Mourning cards. 1880-1900. 
37 items: ill. 

Consists of embossed mourning cards, possibly used as samples by a card 
salesman. One card is stamped with the initials "S & H." Another card 
bears the name and location "Haddon & Co., London." Twenty-one cards 
bear the name "Wood." The cards depict angels, cherubs, flowers, willows, 
women, arches, and other typical mourning iconography. 
Collection 343. 

1416. Mowitz, Alberta. 
Lecture notes. 1922-23. 
2 vols. 

Alberta Mowitz was a student at the Pennsylvania Museum and School of 
Industrial Art in Philadelphia. 

Volumes include class notes and drawings of architectural details, motifs, 
and historic ornaments. Mowitz created the first volume during a class on 
design taught by Huger Elliot. She created the second volume for a class 
on interior decoration taught by a Mr. Warwick. Included are numerous 
drawings of furniture in various styles. 
Collection 372. 

1417. Mowry, Mrs. C. D. 

Album of knitting, crocheting, and lacemaking instructions. Ca. 1891. 
20 p.; 19 cm. 

Mrs. C. D. Mowry lived in Mount Vernon, New York, and either compiled 
these instructions herself or received them from someone else. 
Album includes instructions are for making lace, decorative edging, a dia- 
mond insertion, infant's shirts and socks, baby shoes, and a knitted cape. 
Album contains four finished samples and occasional comments on the 
patterns, such as, "I don't like this one." 
Document 300. 

1418. Moyers & Rich. 
Account book. 1834-40. 
70 p.; 40 cm. 

Thomas J. Moyers and Fleming K. Rich were furnituremakers in Wythe 
Court House, Virginia. 

Downs Collection and Archives 371 

Lists prices charged for a variety of furniture, coffins, lumber, glazing, and 
related items and activities. The firm produced tables, desks, sideboards, 
bureaus, clock cases, beds, and card tables. 
Folio 262. 

1419. Mumbower, Philip. 
Illuminated music book. 1812. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 21 cm. 

Philip Mumbower was a schoolmaster in Lower Milford Township, Penn- 
sylvania. He eventually gave this book to Joseph Miller, perhaps one of his 

Manuscript contains eight pages of music and accompanying lyrics. The 
first page bears an inscription and illustrations of potted plants within a 
decorative border. 
Document 767. 

1420. Munson, Moses. 
Account book. 1805-25. 
198 p.; 37 cm. 

Moses Munson ran a mill in Whately, Massachusetts, and later in Green- 
field, Massachusetts. 

Records the activities of Munson's mill, listing the costs associated with 
sawing, grinding, and carting. He also indicated that he accommodated 
Document 506. 

1421. Murad cigarette cards. Ca. 1940s. 
50 items: col. ill. 

Cards are from the "College Series," numbers twenty-six to seventy-five. 
Each card features an athlete in uniform or playing a sport. Pennants or 
seals of athletes' colleges are also featured. 
Folio 86. 

1422. Music manuscript. 18237-50? 
74 p.; 29 cm. 

Notation on front endpaper indicates that the manuscript was kept by 

someone from the Windham, Connecticut, area. Watermarks reveal that the 

paper came from England and had been made in 1823. 

Contains manuscript scores for thirty-five songs, possibly scored for a lute 

or guitar. Of the songs with lyrics, twenty-four are written in English, four 

in French, and four in Italian. 

Document 73. 

1423. Music manuscript. 1850-99. 
47 leaves; 34 cm. 

372 Guide to the WUilerthur Library 

Contains twenty-six songs and voice exercises scored for the voice and the 
piano. Lyrics to a few of the songs are in Italian. The composer's name is 
frequently mentioned. Three of the songs are "The Mansion of Love," " I'll 
Never Do So Anymore," and "How Happy Could I Pass My Days." 
Document HO. 

1424. Musser & Bowman. 
Account book. 1868-75. 
1 vol.; 30 cm. 

Musser & Bowman worked as watchmakers in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. 
Manuscript records such activities as cleaning clocks and watches; repair- 
ing clocks; and supplying clock cords, watch dials, and watch glass. Some 
entries mention the name or type of watch to be repaired or made. 
Name index available. 
Document 729. 

1425. Myers, Jacob. 

Exercise book. 1789, 1801-6. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 34 cm. 
Jacob Myers lived in Virginia. 

Contains mathematical exercises. The volume is profusely illustrated with 
watercolor images. Floral decorations predominate. Jacob Mayer's illumi- 
nated birth record, dated 1789, is laid in. 
Document 782. 

1426. Nash, Samuel. 
Account book. 1781-1852. 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Samuel Nash was a wheelwright in Hanover, Massachusetts, and Holden, 

Nash made and mended cart wheels, fixed yokes and rakes, repaired 
plows, carted, and engaged in other labor. He was often paid in molasses, 
sugar, coffee, or other commodities. Beginning in 1840, Cornelius Nash, 
presumably one of Samuel's relatives, used the volume to record money he 
was owed for day labor. 
Document 397. 

1427. Nast, Thomas, 1840-1902. 
Scrapbooks. 1889-97. 

2 vols.: ill. 

Thomas Nast was a cartoonist and illustrator A native of Germany, he 
went to New York City at age six. Nast studied under Theodore Kaufman 
and Alfred Fredericks and attended the National Academy. Over the 
course of his career, he worked for Frank Leslie, served on the staff of the 
Nao York Illustrated News, worked as an artist for Harper's Weekly, and con- 
tributed to a number of other periodicals. In 1892 and 1893, he published 

Dmims Collection and Anitii>es 373 

Nast's Weekly. He died in Ecuador just as he was about to assume a diplo- 
matic post. 

Scrapbooks feature newspaper and magazine clippings about Nast and re- 
views of his work. A few letters, invitations, and an announcement for his 
daughter's wedding are laid in. A clipping service probably compiled the 
material for these volumes. 
Folio 231. 

1428. Nathan, L. F. 
Photograph album. Ca. 1924. 
68 leaves; 29 x 36 cm. 

L. F. Nathan lived at 101 West Forty-second Street in New York City. His 
name and address are embossed into the first and last leaves of the album. 
Consists of formal photographic portraits of public rooms and some guest 
rooms in the Hotel Roosevelt, New York City. Several N. C. Wyeth paint- 
ings, including Half Moon in the Hudson (done specifically for the Roose- 
velt's Hendrick Hudson Dining Room), are featured. 
Folio 49. 

1429. Nathan Margolis Shop. 
Records. 1919-76. 

26 cu. ft. 

Nathan Margolis established his furnituremaking firm, the Nathan Margo- 
lis Shop, in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1894. He employed hand-skilled 
craftsmen who both made and restored furniture. Nathan's son, Harold, in- 
herited the firm upon his father's death and began reproducing antique 
furniture and selling high-fidelity audio systems. Harold eventually 
changed the name of the firm to the Margolis Shop. 

Documents record all facets of the firm's activities and include correspon- 
dence; personnel records; photographs and clippings of antique furniture, 
room interiors, and views of the shop; price lists; and trade catalogues. 
Approximately twenty-one hundred templates as well as plaster casts, ex- 
amples of inlay, and sample boards of drawer pulls are stored off-site. 
Folder title listing available. 
Collection 95. 

1430. National Audubon Society. 
Lantern slides. Ca. 1910. 

45 items: ill. (some col.); 11 cm. 

Headquartered in New York City, the National Audubon Society is dedi- 
cated to the study of birds and other forms of wildlife and to the mainte- 
nance and protection of their natural habitats. 

Collection includes photographic and hand-painted lantern slides, each de- 
picting a different species of North American birds. Some of the hand- 
painted slides are signed by R. Bruce Horsfall. 
Collection 390. 

374 Guide to the Wiuterthur Uhrary 

1431. National Society Colonial Dames XVII Century, Pennsylvania Society. 

Record of historical pieces shown at Jamestown exposition: April 26 to No- 
vember 30, 1907. 
1 vol.; 24 cm. 

The National Society Colonial Dames XVII Century, Pennsylvania Society, 
was a patriotic organization engaged in educating and preserving informa- 
tion associated with early British settlement of North America. Other chap- 
ters existed throughout the country. The Jamestown Tercentennial Exposi- 
tion was scheduled in observance of the three hundredth anniversary of 
the European settlement of Jamestown, Virginia. 

Record lists pieces of pewter and silver lent to the society for exhibition. 
Entries include the type of object, its owner, and the maker and prove- 
nance, if known. The exhibit never took place because the tercentennial ex- 
position managers could not guarantee adequate security. The society kept 
this record for future reference. 
Document 920. 

1432. Nazareth Hall. 

Collection. 1793-1828. 
2 vols. -I- 188 drawings: ill. (some col.) 

Nazareth Hall, the first American drawing school, was established in 1759 
by Moravians. Because of fluctuating enrollments early in its operation, the 
school was forced to close between 1779 and 1785. It was reopened in 1785 
by the Rev. Charles G. Reichel, who redesigned the curriculum. By the time 
the school closed in 1929, it was regarded as a military academy. 
Collection includes drawings and architectural renderings in pencil, pen- 
and-ink, and watercolor. Some are crude sketches; others are finished 
paintings. Most are signed and dated. A scrapbook of student illustrations 
compiled by an unidentified teacher and a test book for the 1793 autumnal 
examination are also included. 
Finding aid available. 

Other records for Nazareth Hall located at the Historical Society of Penn- 
Collection 212. 

1433. Needlework patterns. 18107-69? 
Approx. 350 items. 

Collection of patterns, both manuscript and printed, for domestic needle- 
work, including white work, furniture embroidery, cushion embroidery, 
costume embroidery, and dress accessories. Some bear notations for colors 
to be used. Items are of English, Irish, and French origin. Some of the 
printed patterns bear the names of Paris-based patternmakers. 
Collection 26. 

Downs Collectinii and Archives 375 

1434. Needlework sample album. 16007-1899? 
1 vol.; 30 cm. 

Volume contains twenty-six individual pieces of needlework samples in a 
wide variety of styles and fabrics dating from the seventeenth to the nine- 
teenth centuries. Most are English in origin, and some are French or Italian. 
Collection 50. 

1435. Nestell, Christian M., 1793-1880. 
Sketchbook. 1811-12. 

80 leaves: col. ill.; 39 cm. 

Nestell was a native of New York City and the son of Christian I. Nestell. 
By 1820 he was living in Providence, Rhode Island, where he rented shop 
space from cabinetmakers Daniel and Samuel Proud. Identified as an orna- 
mental signpainter and gilder in Rugg's History of Freemasonry in Rhode Is- 
land, Nestell also advertised during the 1820s that he sold chairs. From 
1837 to 1844, city directories list him as a bank clerk and after 1850 they do 
not list an occupation by his name. A Christian B. Nestell later appears in 
Providence directories as a cabinetmaker. 

Nestell began this sketchbook on June 1, 1811, and completed it on March 
9, 1812, following what he termed his second quarter of drawing instruc- 
tion. The sketchbook contains watercolor renderings that were completed 
for a number of uses, including wall decoration, painted furniture, and 
signs. He also designed motifs for chair backs. 
Folio 24. 

1436. New Jersey. Office of the Secretary of State. 

Wills, inventories, and administration papers. 1679-1801. 

22 microfilm reels. 

Consists of original records relating to the settlement of estates in Salem 

County, New Jersey, from its founding until 1801. This represents a portion 

of a larger microfilm series. 

Microfilm M2734-M2755. 

1437. Newbold family. 

Bills and receipts. 1821^9. 
90 items. 

Thomas Newbold was born in 1760 in Springfield Township, New Jersey. 
He worked as a farmer and also served in the New Jersey state legislature 
and the United States House of Representatives. When Newbold died in 
1823, William Black Jr. became the guardian of his daughter, Mary, and his 
son, Thomas J. Newbold, took over management of the family farm. 
Collection consists primarily of bills and receipts directed to Thomas New- 
bold's estate for Mary's purchases of personal and household products. 
Sometimes purchases were made through her guardian. Other records re- 
late to Mary's schooling and the settlement of Newbold's estate. 
Collection 226. 

376 Guide to the Winterlltiir Libraiy 

1438. Newcomb, Josiah. 

Account book. 1812-30. 

1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Josiah Newcomb was a sawyer in Norton Township, Massachusetts. He 

may have worked for a time with his son, Josiah L., whose account book is 

also housed in the Downs Collection. 

Includes records of sawing and chopping wood, farming, and carting coal 

and himber. The cover of the volume is a large sheet that contains un- 

colored wood-block prints of playing cards. 

Document 282. 

1439. Newcomb, Josiah L. 

Account book. 1839-45. 
46 p.; 16 cm. 

Josiah L. Newcomb was a building contractor in Norton Township, Massa- 
chusetts. He may have worked with his father, Josiah, whose account book 
is also housed in the Downs Collection. 

Volume records such work as painting, carting bricks, building sheds, mak- 
ing doors and window sashes, framing, wallpapering, and laying floors. 
Document 279. 

1440. Newman, W. J. 

Architectural plans. Ca. 1880-1900. 
6 items: ill. 

W. J. Newman was an architect who lived in Olean) New York. 
Drawings for a late nineteenth-century dwelling, one of which is signed by 
Newman, feature plans for the south and east elevations, two floors of liv- 
ing space, a cellar, and the framing of the structure. 
Folio 65. 

1441. Nichols, Barack T. 

Account book. 1849-52. 
166 p.; 29 cm. 

Barack T. Nichols lived in Bridgeport, Connecticut, from 1833 to 1836; Au- 
gusta, Georgia, from 1836 to 1851; and Newark, New Jersey, beginning in 
1851. At the time he maintained this account book, he worked with Smith, 
Wright & Company, a saddle- and harnessmaker in Newark. 
Volume records expenses paid by Nichols when he moved into his house at 
17 Park Place, Newark. He paid for such things as painting, carpets, light- 
ing fixtures, a piano, kitchenware, furniture, linens, and magazine subscrip- 
tions. Also includes records relating to St. Matthew's Congregation and 
Christ Episcopal Church, both in Newark, New Jersey. 
Document 39. 

Doums Collection and Archives 377 

1442. Nichols, Francis. 

A journal of a cruise on board the United States frigate Chesapeake. 1812-13. 
96 p.; 33 cm. 

Francis Nichols served under Samuel Evans on the frigate Chesapeake. 
From December 12, 1812, to March 20, 1813, the Chesapeake sailed the At- 
lantic to harass and capture British warships. Nichols's entries document 
the details of sailing and indicate the importance of wind direction, air and 
water temperatures, and changes to the sails and mast. He noted when 
other vessels, especially British ships, were encountered. 
Document 781; Microfilm M2829. 

1443. Nichols, Hatch & Company. 

Daybook. 1831-60, bulk 1831-33 and 1844-60. 
86 leaves; 39 cm. 

The firm of weavers was probably located in Roxbury, Connecticut. 
Manuscript includes accounts for weaving and dyeing, such as "Cash payd 
for Dye Stuff," "By Weaving 33 1/4/yds of Hair Cloth," and "To 15 1/4 
yds of Satinett." Also included are minutes of meetings of the fifth School 
District of Roxbury, Connecticut, kept from 1841 to 1843. 
Document 15. 

1444. Nichols, Phineas. 
Account book. 1782-1835. 
342 p.; 31 cm. 

Phineas Nichols was a blacksmith from Haverhill, Massachusetts. In 1799 
his son, Benjamin, became his business partner. 

References are made to mending pitchforks and shoeing horses and craft- 
ing iron into gates, tools, butcher knives, and plane irons. 
Document 617. 

1445. Nichols, Susan W. 

Diary and book of watercolor paintings. 1816. 

20 p.: col. ill.; 21 cm. 

Susan W. Nichols resided in Fairfield, Coimecticut, and later Greenfield 

Hill, Connecticut. 

Volume contains twelve watercolors of fruit trees, wild flower blossoms, 

and a butterfly, and one pencil sketch of a flower. In two diary entries, 

Nichols discusses sermons and her lessons in Virgil, Cicero, and surveying. 

A few miscellaneous items are laid in. 

Document 675. 

1446. Nicholson, John, 1757-1800. 
Papers. Ca. 1778-1800. 

5 microfilm reels. 

378 Guide to the Winterthiir Library 

John Nicholson was a financier, land speculator, and politician. He served 
as comptroller general of Pennsylvania. In that capacity, he was impeached 
for, but found not guilty of, mismanaging state funds for personal gain. 
Collection includes both business and personal papers, including bank rec- 
ords, land records, vouchers, receipts, and correspondence. 
Finding aid available. 

Original manuscripts located at the Pennsylvania State Archives. 
Microfilm M2710-M2714. 

1447. Niles, Bertha Olmsted, 1834-1926. 
Diary 1857-68. 

125 p.; 14 cm. 

Bertha Olmsted Niles, the youngest half-sister of author and landscape ar- 
chitect Frederick Law Olmsted, was a native of Hartford, Connecticut. Af- 
ter attending local schools, she spent six months in 1852 learning French 
and music at a female seminary in Middlebury, Vermont. She then traveled 
to Europe with the widow of the school's late headmaster and pursued fur- 
ther studies in France, Italy, and Germany. Bertha married William Wood- 
ruff Niles, an Episcopal priest, in 1862. Niles eventually became bishop of 
the Episcopal Church of New Hampshire. 

Diary records a portion of Niles's time in Europe, her pursuits upon her 
return to America, some personal expenses, and sermons that her husband 
preached. She mentioned visits to New York's Central Park, which her 
half-brother was designing at the time. She helped him with office work 
and copied his writings. 
Document 871 . 

1448. Nilis, J. 

Letter book. 1859-61. 
261 p.; 29 cm. 

J. Nilis was a wine and tea importer who worked in New York City and 
lived in Hudson City, New Jersey. 

Letters document NiHs's professional life and personal activities. Much of 
his business correspondence was written in French and concerns the order- 
ing and shipping of goods. Toward the end of his letter book, Nilis wrote 
that he wished to give up his business in favor of settling in the country to 
be a farmer. He discussed some of the political events that led to the Civil 
Document 495. 

1449. Nixon, Robert L. 
Account book. 1869-73. 
175 p.; 31 cm. 

Robert L. Nixon was a house and sign painter, grainer, and paperhanger 
from Mount Holly, New Jersey. 

Downs Collection and Archives 379 

Manuscript records Nixon's work in and around Mount Holly. He worked 

for both individuals and organizations (mostly churches). 

Other Robert L. Nixon papers located in the special collections department 

of Rutgers University, the Library of Congress, and the Burlington County 

Library in New Jersey. 

Document 148. 

1450. Nixon, Warren. 
Weaving patterns. Ca. 1808. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 12 x 22 cm. 
Warren Nixon may have Hved in Massachusetts. 

Manuscript contains five weaving drafts for "Counter Panes" drawn by 
Nixon. He also recorded patterns called double diamond, compass work, 
small rose work, love knots, and small diamond. Volume contains a heart- 
shaped, hand-drawn bookplate that has the inscription "Warren Nixon's 
Book 1808." A picture of him as an elderly man is laid in. 
Document 1086. 

1451. Nobart, Amelia Smith. 

Embroidery patterns and designs. Ca. 1804-20. 
26 items: ill. 

Amelia Smith Nobart lived in Pottsville, Pennsylvania. 
Includes patterns for embroidery that may have been executed on handker- 
chiefs, dresses, collars, and bibs. Several patterns show evidence of use. 
Some of the paper is watermarked "W. Young, 1804." 
Collection 215. 

1452. Norman- Wilcox, Gregor, 1905-69. 
Papers. Ca. 1930-64. 

9 boxes: ill. 

Gregor Norman-Wilcox was curator of decorative arts at the Los Angeles 
County Museum of Art from 1931 to 1969. A graduate of the Cleveland 
School of Art, he wrote extensively on the decorative arts and published a 
syndicated newspaper column. He married Grace A. Stern in 1934. 
Collection includes research notes, correspondence, typed drafts of writ- 
ings, photographs, reports on silver pieces considered for acquisition by 
the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, drawings of gallery installations, 
and copies of articles on the decorative arts. 

Collection also includes 144 keepsake books that Norman- Wilcox made for 
his wife during the late 1930s. Each book is typed, hand illustrated, and 
bound. Topics addressed often refer to incidents in his early married life. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 115. 

1453. Norris, Albert Lane, 1839-1919. 

A journal of Albert L. Norris: Epping, New Hamps. from April 1st 1858. 


380 Guide la the Wiiiterthtir Library 

1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Albert L. Norris, a native of Epping, New Hampshire, received his early 
education at Phillips Exeter and Wilbraham Academies. At various times in 
his academic and postgraduate life, Norris served as a clerk in several dry- 
goods stores. He then served in the military as an assistant surgeon during 
the Peninsular Campaign of 1862 and received a medical degree from Har- 
vard in 1865. Norris then studied in Europe and returned to the United 
States, where he established a successful medical practice in Cambridge, 

Includes a diary that Norris kept from 1858 to 1860 and drafts of diary en- 
tries and letters written between 1857 and 1862. In his diary, especially, 
Norris discusses the dry-goods trade, his business activities, and his reli- 
gious convictions. The letters reveal his opinions about the Civil War. 
Document 339. 

1454. Norris family. 
Scrapbook. 1761-1860. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 39 cm. 

Members of the Norris family were prominent Philadelphians. 
This scrapbook, evidently compiled by a member of the Norris family, con- 
sists of views of Philadelphia sites, historic events, buildings, and people 
chiefly from the nineteenth century. Some of the illustrations include hand- 
written captions. 
Folio 241. 

1455. North family. 
Papers. 1814-79 

3 boxes + 2 microfilm reels. 

Jedediah North (1789-1855) was a native of Worthington, Massachusetts. 
His father and grandfather were both blacksmiths. Jedediah pursued the 
family trade before becoming a toolmaker. He eventually made tinner's 
hand tools and sold them to customers in almost every state east of the 
Mississippi River. In 1825 Jedediah's younger brother, Edmund (1797- 
1874), became his partner. They formed the J. & E. North Manufacturing 
Company in East Berlin, Connecticut. After jedediah died, Edmund re- 
named the company after himself. In 1857 he merged the business with its 
chief competitor, Roys & Wilcox Co. 

Collection contains more than eight hundred original items that document 
the business and personal life of the North family. Business materials in- 
clude a daybook, lists of tools sold, bills and receipts, legal documents, cor- 
respondence and orders, and an inventory of tools and objects kept in the 
forging shop. Personal papers feature several hundred letters regarding 
family members, an inventory of Jedediah's house, and school composi- 
tions and poems. 
Finding aid available. 

Downs Collection ami Archives 381 

Includes microfilm of an account book and letter book, kept from 1814 to 
1868, the originals of which are located at the Connecticut Historical Soci- 
ety and Yale University. 
Collection 380; Microfilm M1555-M1556. 

1456. Northeastern silversmith's records. 1778-1901, bulk 1814-90. 
2 boxes. 

Collection consists of loose advertisements, trade cards, bills, drafts, and re- 
ceipts that document the silver, jewelry, and watchmaking trades in New 
England, New York, and Pennsylvania. Also included are six bound vol- 
umes that record the activities of nine New York City businesses through 
their account books, daybooks, invoice books, and inventories. 
Detailed contents listing available. 
Collection 20. 

1457. North ford, Connecticut, Card Mills. 
Agent sample book. Ca. 1878. 

1 vol.: ill.; 16 cm. 

Includes seventy-nine samples of calling cards and a few trade cards. 
While the outside of the volume shows the name Card Mills, inside the 
name Wemple & Kronheim is prominent. Floral patterns are most com- 
monly featured. 
Document 218. 

1458. Norton, William Edward, 1843-1916. 

Letters from W. E. Norton to Frank T. Robinson. 1875-80. 

38 items. 

William Edward Norton was a marine painter who lived in Europe for a 


These letters chronicle Norton's life in Paris and his travels to London and 

elsewhere over a five-year period. While many are social in nature, they 

also describe painting and drawing, art exhibits, and studies for painting. 

Collection 331 . 

1459. Norwich worsted pattern book. Ca. 1785. 
89 p.; 18x27 cm. 

Consists of about fifteen hundred small numbered swatches of variously 
colored worsteds from Norwich, England. A few pages include hand- 
written notes about the kind of textile shown. 
Collection 50. 

1460. Norwich worsted pattern book. Ca. 1785-1831. 
Ill p.; 23 cm. 

Includes about five hundred small, numbered swatches of various fabrics, 
such as "camelots," "sattins," "tabourets," "callemandres," and "camelot- 
tines." Although the names of the fabrics are written in French, an 1831 

382 Guide to the WiiiWiiliiir Lihrnn/ 

inscription relating to the coronation of King William IV suggests an En- 
glish origin for this book. In Textiles in America, 1650-1870, author Florence 
Montgomery dates the volume to 1785. 
Collection 50. 

1461. Norwich worsted pattern book. 1778. 
94 p.; 33 cm. 

Contains about forty-three hundred small swatches of variously colored 
and patterned worsteds. Manuscript notes within the volume, such as "or- 
der DF sent Jany. 1788," suggest that the book was kept to record fabric 
ordered by customers. 
Cover title: Counter 1788. 
Collection 50. 

1462. Norwich worsted pattern book. Ca. 1790-1810. 
46 p.; 24 cm. 

Consists of some 850 small, numbered swatches of variously colored 
worsteds. The inside cover bears the name "Booth & Theobald, Norwich." 
A corresponding volume may be maintained in the Castle Museum, Nor- 
wich, England. 
Collection 50. 

1463. Norwich worsted pattern book. Ca. 1794. 
91 p.; 21 X 29 cm. 

Book includes approximately two thousand numbered swatches of colorful 
and patterned worsteds. A few titles to swatches are in German script. A 
torn paper label reads: "Copy of a Pattn. Book Sent to C O & . . . ." The 
letters "ICH" are also stamped in the volume. 
Collection 50. 

1464. Norwich worsted pattern book. 1794-97. 

51 p.; 27 cm. 

Consists of 685 small, numbered swatches of variously colored worsteds. 
Includes two sheets giving prices and noting that material was sent to D. 
Callaghan, a Mr. Collins, Messrs. William Fox and Sons, and Nethrop & 
Harris, all between 1794 and 1797. 
Collection 50. 

1465. Notebook. Ca. 1830s. 
1 vol.: ill.; 19 cm. 

Contains instructions for making 104 types of fireworks, many of which are 
described as rockets. Illustrations depict some of the fireworks. 
Document 732. 

1466. Notebook. Ca. 1850-1900. 

52 leaves: ill. (some col.); 52 cm. 

Dmms Colkclhm ami Archives 383 

This anonymously kept notebook contains drawings, measurements, and 
calculations. Of special note are the architectural drawings for a house and 
shop, possibly a coachmaker's shop. A few mechanical drawings are in- 
cluded, and a lengthy description of the workings of a "perambulator," a 
type of odometer attached to a wheel, accompanies a corresponding me- 
chanical drawing. There are some pencil silhouettes and two lectures, one 
on dynamics and equilibrium and the other entitled "On the Best Method 
of Elevating the Common Mind — Sketches Preparatory to a Lecture." 
Folio 294. 

1467. Notebook. 1855. 
13 p.; 21 cm. 

Includes notes taken in twenty-one art lessons as well as comments on 
travel. The art lessons, given by a Mr. Wood, instructed the unidentified 
student how to draw landscapes and to represent such things as trees, wa- 
ter, the sky, shadows, mountains, and moonlight. Notes on travel refer to a 
tour of Europe. 
Document 905. 

1468. Notebook. Ca. 1860s. 
1 vol.: ill.; 19 cm. 

This manuscript, probably of English origin, contains a number of writings 
that relate to the textile industry. Notations include a description of the me- 
chanics of the carding machine and calculations detailing the best way to 
manage the finances of a spinning factory. Writings may have been ex- 
cerpted from The Theory and Practice of Cotton Spinning, written by James 
Montgomery and published in several editions during the 1830s. 
Document 749. 

1469. Notebook of an American trader. 1798-Ca. 1809. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Consists of descriptions of various port cities, including their trade regula- 
tions, prices of locally available products, goods that were expected to sell, 
and products available for purchase. There is information on American- 
made furniture sold in Rio de Janeiro and descriptions of life in Canton, 
China, as well as references to current prices for Chinese porcelain and 
French textiles. 

Original manuscript located at the Rhode Island Historical Society. 
Microfilm M6. 

1470. Notman, W. 

An index key to the union book. 1788-Ca. 1812. 

47 p.; 28 cm. 

W. Notman was probably a journeyman cabinetmaker from London. An A. 

Notman, cabinetmaker, is listed at 20 Queen's Row, Hoxton, in an 1811 

384 Guide to the Whiterlliur Library 

London city directory. In the 1809-10 issue, there is someone called 
Notbone at this address. It is possible that all three — W. Notman, A. Not- 
man, and Notbone — were the same person. 

Volume includes forty-seven engraved steel plates depicting furniture. 
Thirty-three include manuscript notations relating to repairs. Numbers as- 
sociated with index entries correspond to pages in the 1811 edition of the 
London Cabinet-Maker's Union Book of Prices. Also included is a list entitled 
"bedstead prices agreed to April 11, 1812." Plates were done by Thomas 
Shearer and Thomas Sheraton. 
Document 727. 

1471. Novelty Cutlery Co. 

Trade catalog and photocards. Ca. 1900. 
6 items; ill. 

The Novelty Cutlery Co. was located in Canton, Ohio, and employed 
agents throughout the United States. It specialized in making customized 
knives, the handles of which were transparent for bearing messages or dis- 
playing illustrations. By 1900 the company offered customers more than 
three thousand designs. 

Catalogue includes an overview of the firm's manufacturing process and 
descriptions of its products. The photocards feature various illustrations, 
such as famous people, flags, and statues, available on the cutlery. 
Document 297. 

1472. Novelty Wood Turning Works. 
Records. 1903-31. 

156 items: ill. 

The Novelty Wood Turning Works of Jamestown, New York, made and 
sold turned walnut and mahogany candlestands, lamps, and other house- 
hold furnishings. Much of its business was conducted by retailers. Mem- 
bers of the Hallstrom family operated it, and the business maintained close 
ties to the Eagle Furniture Company, also located in Jamestown. 
Collection consists of a wide variety of business records, including letters 
(some in Swedish), bills, receipts, orders, and price lists along with photo- 
graphs, blueprints, and drawings of objects produced by the firm. In addi- 
tion to illustrating its furniture, the papers show how the firm sought sup- 
pliers for components of its products, how it delivered its goods, how it 
responded to customers, and how expenses changed over three decades. 
Collection 75. 

1473. Noyes, George W. 
Ledger 1823-24. 
79 p.; 33 cm. 

This manuscript was kept by the proprietor of a general store in Connecti- 
cut. It is unclear if the storeowner was George W. Noyes or Minard & 

Downs Collection and Archives 385 

Volume records amounts owed to the general store and contains descrip- 
tions of purchases, chiefly food and textiles, and the dates they were 
bought. Peter Maverick engraved the stationer's label in the volume; it 
bears the name of Thomas A. Ronalds of New York City. 
Name index in front of volume. 
Document 681. 

1474. Nutter, Joshua M. 
Exercise book. 1838. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

Joshua M. Nutter was a student who may have lived in New Hampshire at 

the time that he maintained this book. 

Nutter used his book to practice mathematical problems. He also copied 

recipes for making ink and paste. 

Document 764. 

1475. O' Br ion, Thomas W. 
Invoice book. 1842-57. 
1 vol.; 34 cm. 

Thomas W. O'Brion was the proprietor of a store in Portland, Maine. 
Volume includes information on what O'Brion bought for later resale in his 
store. O'Brion maintained contacts with firms in Boston and New York City 
as well as with local merchants. 
Folio 139. 

1476. O'Donovan, Timothy G. 
Papers. 1875-85. 

36 items. 

Timothy G. O'Donovan was a ticket agent and telegraph operator. He 
worked for a time at the Walkers Mills, Pennsylvania, station of the Pitts- 
burgh, Cincinnati & St. Louis Railway and then in New England. 
O'Donovan lost one of his legs in 1879. 

Collection consists of a diary and expense book and thirty-five letters. In 
his diary, O'Donovan discussed labor problems and the Brotherhood of 
Telegraphers, travels from the Pittsburgh area to New England, his efforts 
to secure a patent for a car coupler, and people that he boarded with. In 
addition to money paid out, O'Donovan also records his salary. The letters, 
many of which are addressed to a maker of artificial legs, detail problems 
with his own prosthesis. 
Collection 368. 

1477. Oak Lawn (estate). 

Catalogue of books at Oak Lawn. 1841. 

1 vol.; 28 cm. 

Catalogue is arranged by bookcase; titles are recorded in alphabetical order 

by case. History, literature, government, and philosophy predominate. 

386 Guide to the Winterthiir Librnn/ 

There are periodicals, works in French, and a number of books about Ire- 
land. The sizes of the volumes are noted, and there is a record of multi- 
volume works. 
Document 938. 

1478. Oakley, Thornton. 

Abbey scrapbook. 1878-1912. 

1 vol.: ill.; 26 cm. 

Thornton Oakley compiled this scrapbook about Edwin A. Abbey, a painter 
and illustrator for Harper's and other publications. Much of the book fea- 
tures clippings of illustrations from Harper's that were either signed by Ab- 
bey or were engraved after his work. Most show scenes of ordinary Ameri- 
can life. Articles from Scrilvier's detail Abbey's work as a muralist. 
Document 684. 

1479. Observations sur les moeurs des habitants de Nouvelle Angleterre ecrit a 
New Gloucester. 1797. 

24 leaves; 16 cm. 

Diary was kept by an unidentified visitor to Maine. The writer commented 
on the lifestyle of residents, their political leanings, religion, the lumber in- 
dustry, shipbuilding, and the economics of the area. There is a fairly 
lengthy discussion about the Shaker religious sect. 
Document 1004. 

1480. Oddie, Walter Mason, Ca. 1808-65. 
Papers. 1827-1905, bulk 1827-28. 

2 vols.: ill.; 21 cm. + 2 microfilm reels. 

Walter Mason Oddie was a landscape painter who illustrated scenes of 
New England, the Hudson Valley, and Long Island. An associate member 
of the American Academy, he exhibited his work at the Boston Athenaeum, 
National Academy, Apollo Association, and American Art Union. Oddie 
was an early teacher of artist Edward Lamson Henry. He also worked as a 
merchant and stockbroker. Oddie married Julia Meigs, the daughter of 
Henry Meigs, a New York City jurist and congressman. 
Papers include two diaries for 1828 and 1829, a sketchbook dated 1828, and 
family papers. In his diary, Oddie discussed his family, health, financial dif- 
ficulties, the art work of his contemporaries, politics, and lessons taken 
from Anthony Lewis De Rose. Sketches include land- and seascapes. Two 
watercolors by Julia Oddie are also included. 

Microfilm used for "The 'Mysterious Mr. O.': Walter Mason Oddie (1808- 
1865)," by Annette Blaugrund, published in the America)! Art Journal, 
Spring 1980, pp. 60-77. 
Document 591; Microfilm M2852-M2853. 

1481. The offices of most charges appertaining unto a camp. Ca. 1789. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Downs Collection and Archives 387 

Drawings and information about methods of setting up an armed military 
camp with cavalry. 

Original manuscript owned by the Earl of Leicester, Holkham Hall, Nor- 
folk, England. It presumably descended through his family. 
Microfilm M846. 

1482. Ogden, Aaron. 
Account book. 1804-23. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Aaron Ogden worked as a furnituremaker in Newark, New Jersey. 

Accounts recorded in this manuscript relate to Ogden's furnituremaking 

and repairing business as well as his domestic life. 

Index of personal names, furniture forms, and raw materials available. 

Manuscript in private hands at time of filming. 

Microfilm M848. 

1483. Ohio Card Co. 

Agent's sample book. Ca. 1870-80. 
24 p.: ill. (some col.); 18 cm. 

Volume contains thirty-two samples of calling cards, greeting cards, post- 
cards, and "joke" cards along with instructions for ordering them. Each 
card has a stock number, title, and price. Mostly showing floral patterns 
and birds, other illustrations feature summer scenes, springtime subjects, 
and lovers' poses. 
Document 286. 

1484. Ohio Card Co. 

Sample album. Ca. 1870-90. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 18 cm. 

Consists of ten samples of calling cards. Each one includes a stock number 
and price. All feature floral patterns and fancy borders and contain say- 
Document 355. 

1485. Ohio Card Co. 
Sample cards. Ca. 1870s. 
20 p.: col. ill.; 18 cm. 

Includes thirty-six samples of friendship and greeting cards, including their 
stock numbers and prices. Designs illustrate pastoral scenes, flowers, birds, 
and outstretched hands that signify friendship. 
Document 354. 

1486. Old Colony & Fall River Railroad Company. 
Record book. 1852-54. 

1 vol.; 35 cm. 

388 Guide to the Wnilerlluir LHnnry 

The Old Colony & Fall River Railroad Company was formed in 1854 when 

the Old Colony Railroad, established in 1844, merged with the Fall River 

Railroad Company. 

Contains records of railway accidents in Boston, a printed notice of the first 

meeting of the company in 1854, manuscript minutes of the meeting, and 

the bylaws of the railroad. 

Document 785. 

1487. Old houses of New England. 1898? 

50 leaves: ill.; 15 x 21 cm. 

Album contains ninety-two photographs of historic buildings in Boston 
and other locations in Massachusetts. Includes structures from Cambridge, 
Dorchester, Revere, Quincy, Sudbury, Lexington, Concord, and the Shaker 
village at Shirley. 
Document 53. 

1488. Old Manse House. 
Photographs. Ca. 1920-35. 
8 items: ill; 10 x 12 in. 

Reverend William Emerson, grandfather of Ralph Waldo Emerson, built the 
Old Manse House in Concord, Massachusetts, in 1769. Nathaniel Haw- 
thorne rented it from 1842 to 1846 and gave it its name. 
Collection consists of photographs of the exterior of Old Manse House and 
a pamphlet about its history that was written in 1934. Evidence suggests 
that A. W. Hosmer, a local photographer, may have taken some or all of the 
Collection 512. 

1489. Old Ship Meeting House. 
Photographs. 1931. 

21 items: ill. 

Old Ship Meeting House, built in Hingham, Massachusetts, in 1681, is the 
oldest meetinghouse in continuous use in the United States. 
Photographs show both the exterior and interior of the church. 
Collection 460. 

1490. Old Southampton odds and ends. After 1898. 

51 p.: ill.; 29 cm. 

The bulk of the volume consists of large fabric swatches pasted onto card 
stock with notes relating the origin or use of the fabric. Swatches featured 
include "Pillow case linen, Eliza Halsey," "Merrimac calico. Civil War," and 
"Linens from Long Springs Farm, now Hampton Park, ancestral home of 
Mrs. Henry A. Herrick." In addition, the volume contains ten pages of 
typed extracts from Alice Morse Earle's Home Life in Colonial Days, origi- 
nally published in 1898. 
Collection 50. 

Doums Collection and Archives 389 

1491. Olde, Herman. 
Diary. 1900. 

18 p.; 28 cm. 

Herman Olde was single and traveling aboard a steamer when he wrote 
this diary. 

Manuscript records a trip by sea that Olde took for three weeks from 
Buenos Aires to Southampton, England. He described shipboard events, 
traveling companions, and stops in the Cape Verde Islands and on Ma- 
Document 461. 

1492. The oldest houses in New England. 1870-1900? 
58 p.: ill.; 19 x 27 cm. 

Contains fifty-eight photographs of houses and other buildings built in 
New England, chiefly Massachusetts, between 1628 and 1780. The birth- 
places and residences of many well-known individuals are featured. 
Document 54. 

1493. Olds family. 
Invoices. 1864-94. 
62 items. 

Albert H. Olds, a clerk, and Alfred A. Olds, a bookkeeper, residents of 9 
Wadsworth Street, Hartford, Connecticut, were possibly father and son. 
This collection of printed invoices reflects the Oldses' relationships with 
Hartford business people. Included are references to grocers, clothiers, doc- 
tors, dentists, and hardware and lumber merchants. There are invoices for 
gas, water, street sprinkling, pew rent, and stove supplies. Also featured 
are exercises in bookkeeping methods and rental agreements. 
Collection 383. 

1494. Order book. 1 835-41. 
424 p.; 33 cm. 

This is an anonymous milliner's order book probably kept in either Green- 
ville or Centreville, Rhode Island. It records descriptions of bonnets and 
capes ordered and the names of the women who ordered them. Prices are 
not consistently noted. The last forty-four pages consist of notices of births, 
marriages, deaths, and burials. 
Document 163. 

1495. Osborn family. 
Account books. 1783-1834. 
8 vols.; 42 cm. or smaller. 

Members of the Osborn family (including Shadrack, Erastus, and Benja- 
min) and Nathan Preston operated a general store in Southbury, Connecti- 

390 Guide to the Wmterthur Librnry 

Collection includes daybooks, ledgers, and an order book as well as a vol- 
ume used by Erastus to record his work as a sheriff's deputy. Business 
records focus on the variety of goods sold in the Osborn's store and trade 
with firms in New Haven and New York City. The sheriff's records are for 
New Haven County, Connecticut. Names, dates, writs, plaintiffs and defen- 
dants, and fees are customarily mentioned in each entry. 
Name indexes available. 

Daybooks F and G also available on microfilm. 
Collection 237; Microfilm M2824-M2825. 

1496. Osborne, Charles. 

Papers and drawings. Ca. 1870-1920. 
3 lin. ft.: ill. (some col.) 

Charles Osborne designed silver objects for the Whiting Manufacturing 
Co., where he eventually became a vice president, and for Tiffany and Co. 
Osborne was a member of the Art Students League in New York City and 
was active in New York's community of artists, although for part of his ca- 
reer he worked in North Attleboro, Massachusetts. 

Collection is of Osborne's professional and personal papers. Included are 
photographs of silver objects that he designed, pencil sketches of silver pat- 
terns, and colored drawings depicting such objects as spoons, pitchers, 
vases, trophies, kettles, pots, sugar containers, and trays. Most of the draw- 
ings show spoons, ranging from conceptual designs to illustrations of fin- 
ished products. Items of a personal nature feature Osborne's marriage cer- 
tificate, family pictures, and receipts for medical treatment. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 137; Microfilm M3014. 

1497. Osgood, Oliver. 
Writing book. Ca. 1860. 
22 p.; 21 cm. 

Oliver Osgood probably grew up in Worcester County, Massachusetts. 
Manuscript contains Oliver's handwriting exercises from school. Volume 
made by H. R. Phelps & Co. of Fitchburg, Massachusetts. 
Document 278. 

1498. Osgood, Stella Morris. 
Scrapbook. 1894-1909. 

143 p.: ill. (some col.); 27 cm. 

Stella Morris Osgood was a schoolteacher and may have been a graduate 

of Wellesley College. She taught at Pittsfield High School in Pittsfield, New 

Hampshire, and at Lyman Boys School in Westboro, Massachusetts. 

Many of the items in this volume relate to Osgood's profession and include 

her teaching certificate, programs from teacher conventions and meetings. 

Dozens CaUectioit ami Archives 391 

and graduation invitations and programs. There are wedding invitations, 
photos, pressed flowers, student drawings, and invitations to social func- 
tions as well. 
Folio 91. 

1499. Osmond, William. 
Drawings. 1835-69. 

3 vols.: ill (some col.); 43 cm. or smaller. 

William Osmond was a sculptor and mason from Salisbury, England. He 
created monuments, tablets, tombs, headstones, and chimney pieces. Os- 
mond was interested in medieval architecture and became a professional 
acquaintance of A. W. N. Pugin. 

Volumes consist of depictions of architectural details, ornaments, stained 
glass, illuminated lettering, and coats of arms and other heraldic devices. 
Many of the drawings relate to specific, identified churches and cathedrals. 
Five sketches of St. Marie's Grange attributed to Pugin are included, as are 
drawings thought to have been done by John Britton. 
Folio 189. 

1500. Oswald, Adrian. 

Notes on clay pipes. 1947-77. 
2 boxes: ill. 

Adrian Oswald was an English archaeologist who pioneered the study of 
clay pipes to help document and date archaeological sites. 
Includes typescript and manuscript notes along with illustrations that re- 
late to clay pipes and their marks. Oswald compiled the names and work- 
ing dates of clay pipemakers, maker's marks, and motifs used to decorate 
Collection 347. 

1501. Ott and Brewer Company. 

Patterns for pottery. Ca. 1870-90. 
64 items: ill. (some col.) 

Joseph Ott and John Hart Brewer established their pottery firm in Trenton, 
New Jersey, in 1871. Between 1871 and 1876, the company primarily pro- 
duced ironstone and queensware. In addition, the pottery made cream- 
colored earthenware, white graniteware, and porcelain busts. In 1876 Ott 
and Brewer perfected what they called ivory porcelain, designed to simu- 
late Irish Belleek. In 1892 the proprietors sold their firm to Cook Pottery 

Collection includes a daybook, dated from November 1877 to July 1878, 
that details what the firm produced; patterns used for decoration; and 


Guide to the Wiiiterthttr Libniiy 

Entry 1501. Ott and Brewer Co., of Trenton, New Jersey, produced 
pottery from 1871 to 1892, chiefly ironstone and queensware. This 
pitcher is representative of the firm's work. 

hand-colored drawings illustrating decorated wares. Numbers on the 
drawings correspond to numbers in the daybook. 
Collection 185. 

1502. Owens, Richard. 

Account book. 1845-56. 
1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Dozens Collection ami Archives 393 

Richard Owens was a building contractor in Pottsville, Pennsylvania. 
Owens plastered, whitewashed, drilled, performed stonework, and built 
chimneys and furnaces. In his account book, he mentioned loads of lime, 
bricks, and sand and recorded tools that he purchased. 
Index at front of volume. 
Document 680. 

1503. Oxnard, Thomas, d. 1754. 
Account book. 1751-53. 

Thomas Oxnard was a Boston-based shipper who specialized in textiles 
and brassware. 

Manuscript describes Oxnard's activities as an importer, opening with a 
record of ready money, goods, and debts owed to him. Volume entries note 
goods transported (kettles, muslin, velvet, damask, and gloves); the names 
of the ships in which they were sent; and the names of the ships' captains. 
Retailers and craftsmen frequently bought from Oxnard. 
Folio 76. 

1504. Oyler, Philip. 
Account book. 1866-71. 
1 vol.; 30 cm. 

Philip Oyler worked as a tanner in Quincy, Pennsylvania, and Fayetteville, 
Pennsylvania. In 1866 he was in partnership with someone named Minick. 
The book begins with accounts for Minick & Oyler for 1866. Other entries 
relate to Oyler's personal accounts. Such things as hides and skins, leather, 
and leather products are mentioned. 
Document 670. 

1505. Page, Jeremiah. 
Account book. 1761-62. 
10 p.; 32 cm. 

Jeremiah Page worked as a brickmaker in Danvers, Massachusetts. 

Book documents bricks made and sold by Page to residents of Essex 

County, Massachusetts. He sold hard bricks, pale bricks, well bricks, and 


Name index available. 

Document 789. 

1506. Page, Lewis. 

Letter book. 1829-33. 
1 vol.; 23 cm. 

Lewis Page was a toy merchant in New York City. 

Volume includes copies of letters that Page wrote to order toys and related 
wares from France, England, and Germany. Other, unrelated letters seem to 
have accompanied invoices. There are also references to miniature furni- 

394 Guide to lite Wiiiterthur Library 

Name index available. 
Document 610; Microfilm Ml 895. 

1507. Pahlmann, William Carroll, 1906-87. 
Papers. 1930-77. 

725 cu. ft. 

William Carroll Pahlmann was a prominent interior decorator known for 
promoting the "eclectic look." Pahlmann received his education at the Par- 
sons School of Design in New York. He worked for Lord & Taylor, an up- 
scale clothing, home furnishings, and personal goods store during the 
1930s and eventually became the head of its decorating department. After 
serving in the armed forces during World War II, he established his own 
firm, William Pahlmann Associates, Inc. Pahlmann installed interiors in a 
wide variety of public buildings and private dwellings in the United State 
and abroad. He wrote a newspaper column, published a book on home 
decorating, and won many awards for his work. 

Papers consist of Pahlmann's personal files and the office files of William 
Pahlmann Associates, which are divided into a number of series: blue- 
prints, drawings, correspondence, scrapbooks, vendor catalogues and sam- 
ple books, client records, and photographs. Also includes the transcript of 
an interview with Jack Connor, one of Pahlmann's longtime colleagues. 
Finding aids available. 
Collection 77. 

1508. Palmer, Erastus Dow, 1817-1904. 
Letters. 1856-81. 

5 folders. 

Erastus Dow Palmer was a sculptor from New York. Early in life, he 
worked as a carpenter, woodcarver, cabinetmaker, and cameo portraitist. In 
1846 he began his career as a sculptor, specializing in reliefs and busts. No- 
table sitters were Washington Irving, Moses Taylor, Erastus Corning, Rob- 
ert R. Livingston, and Governor Edwin D. Morgan. He died in Albany, 
New York, in 1904. 

Most of the letters in this collection are addressed to Colonel Edwin Barker 
Morgan of Aurora, New York. They document Palmer's personal life, pro- 
fessional work, and political sentiments. 

Other Palmer material located at the Oneida Historical Society in Utica, 
New York; the Albany Institute of History and Art in Albany, New York; 
and Wells College, Long Library in Aurora, New York. 
Collection 522. 

1509. Pan American Exposition (1901: Buffalo, New York) 
Poster. 1901. 

1 item: col. ill. 

The Pan-American Exposition was held in Buffalo, New York, from May to 

November 1901. It turned out to be a financial failure and may be best re- 

Downs Collection ami Archives 395 

membered as the site where President William McKinley was assassinated. 
This poster, designed by a man named Helmer, was an advertisement for 
the fair and featured illustrations of the electric tower, the electric building, 
the machinery building, and the temple of music. 
Folio 116. 

1510. Panama Pacific International Exposition (1915: San Francisco, Cal.). 
Pennsylvania at the Panama Pacific International Exposition: scrapbook. 

24 leaves; 33 x 26 cm. 

The exposition was held to commemorate the completion of the Panama 
Canal in 1914. 

Scrapbook contains twenty-five photographs of the building representing 
the state of Pennsylvania at the exposition, including both interior and ex- 
terior views. 
Document 454. 

1511. Paper doll. Ca. 1855-57. 
3 items: ill. 

Consists of a paper doll dated 1857 and a newspaper clipping from around 
1855 that features an illustration of a similar doll. 
Collection 220. 

1512. Paper dolls. Ca. 1920. 
13 items: col. ill. 

Consists of one six-inch-tall paper doll and twelve clothing changes, all 
hand drawn and colored. Clothing includes various dresses, pajamas, a 
coat, and play and school clothes. Dolls, teddy bears, and other accessories 
for the doll are included. 
Collection 220. 

1513. Paper soldiers and horses. Ca. 1800-1820. 
28 items: col. ill. 

Consists of twenty-one paper soldiers dressed in Napoleonic costume and 
seven paper horses. The items were made and colored by hand. Playing 
cards were used to make bases for the figures. 
Collection 220. 

1514. Papers in connection with the early floor cloth manufacture with a few re- 
marks on the manufacture and arts of the 18 century. 1857. 

1 microfilm reel. 

These materials feature drawings, accounts, maps, etc., that relate to the 

manufacture of carpets and other floor coverings in London. 

Name index and occupation list available. 

Original manuscripts located at the Victoria and Albert Museum. 

Microfilm M1414. 

396 Guide to the Wiiiterlluir Library 

1515. Papworth, John Woody, 1820-70. 
Album. Ca. 1820-60. 

1 vol.: ill.; 58 cm. 

John Woody Papworth was a British architect and antiquarian best known 
for his heraldic reference book, Ordinarif of British Armorials. He was the 
first son of John Buonarotti Papworth, a British architect, essayist, and art- 

Album contains drawings and tracings of architectural designs and furni- 
ture styles. Although several people executed the drawings, John Woody 
Papworth created the majority of those that are signed. His father's work is 
represented in the collection as well. The drawings record ornament and 
detail in a large number of churches and public buildings. There are draw- 
ings of 138 chairs, 55 tables, 28 dressing tables, 20 clothes or hat racks, 50 
draperies, 3 game tables, and 3 fire screens. 
Folio 32. 

1516. Paris, Abbe. 

The elements of astronomy and geography explained on 40 cards beauti- 
fully engraved and coloured. 1795. 

1 set (40 cards): ill.; 10 cm. 

This card set, issued in London by John Wallis Co., was designed to teach 
people about astronomy and geography. The cards are numbered, en- 
graved, and hand colored. They feature illustrations of geometric shapes, 
exotic peoples and locales, and the positions of the sun and moon. 
Collection 220. 

1517. Park, Lawrence, 1873-1924. 
Papers. 1908-24. 

2 boxes. 

Lawrence Park, an 1896 graduate of Harvard University, was an architect. 
He wrote about colonial art and served as a nonresident curator in the de- 
partment of colonial art at the Cleveland Museum of Art. 
Papers relate almost exclusively to American portrait painter Gilbert Stuart. 
To get his information. Park corresponded with owners of Stuart portraits 
and with Charles Henry Hart, an authority on the history of portraiture. 
Other colonial portrait painters mentioned in the papers include Thomas 
Sully, John Singleton Copley, John Trumbull, and Charles Willson Peale. 
Nearly 550 photographs accompanying Park's papers available in the Vi- 
sual Resources Collection. 
Folder title listing available. 
Collection 96. 

1518. Parker, John. 
Account book. 1747-64. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Dawns Collection and Archives 397 

John Parker worked as a potter in Charlestown, Massachusetts. 
Accounts in this volume relate to a variety of items having to clo with 
Parker's craft and domestic life, including pottery, food, agricultural imple- 
ments, furniture, textiles, and tools. 

Original manuscript located at Baker Library, Harvard University. 
Microfilm M1964.2. 

1519. Parker, John Rowe, 1777-1884. 
Expense book. 1798-1809. 
170 p.; 20 cm. 

John Rowe Parker was a Boston merchant. He belonged to Trinity Church, 
the Boston Cricket Club, and the Anacreontic Society. He may have been 
the author of ^4 Musical Biography, published in 1825. 
Volume is primarily concerned with documenting Parker's personal ex- 
penses, including the furnishing of his house. In addition, there are state- 
ments of profits, losses, and expenses for several commercial voyages to 
the West Indies. 

Four-page index of ninety-three names at front of volume. 
Document 208. 

1520. Parker, M. S. 

Exercise book. 1799-1807. 
44 p.; 31 cm. 

M. S. Parker, a resident of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, recorded mathe- 
matical problems in her exercise book. On the front cover is a multiplica- 
tion table, and on the back cover is an advertisement for Gray, Childs & 
Co. of Portsmouth, the firm that published the exercise book. 
Document 863. 

1521. Parlett family. 

Birth and death records. 1791-1837. 

22 p.: col. ill.; 19 cm. 

John and Elizabeth Parlett probably lived in Frederick County, Virginia, 

and raised nine children. 

Contains ten double pages of drawings that record the marriage of the Par- 

letts, the births of their nine children, and the death of two sons. Drawings 

emphasize flowers and birds, and borders are both fanciful and abstract. 

Document 805. 

1522. Parrish, Stephen, 1846-1938. 
Collection. 1880-1912. 

3 items: ill. 

Stephen Parrish was an etcher and a painter. Born into a Quaker family 
from Philadelphia, his artistic talents were nurtured by his parents. He 
married Elizabeth Bancroft, and they had one son, Frederick. Parrish oper- 
ated a stationery store in the 1870s, but by the end of the decade had 

398 Guide to the Wiiilertluir Library 

committed himself to the life of an artist. He painted, then turned to etch- 
ing, and finally returned to painting. Parrish moved to Cornish, New 
Hampshire, where he worked until a stroke forced him to retire. 
Collection consists of two scrapbooks and a sheet of photographs. The 
scrapbooks include a mix of exhibition announcements, reviews of Par- 
rish's work, lists of etchings, copies of letters, his obituary notices, and one 
of his etchings. The photos show Parrish's studio and a class in etching. 
One scrapbook includes a name index to magazines and newspapers from 
which clippings were taken. 
Collection 202. 

1523. Parrish, Potts, Shields & Company. 
Invoice book. 1783. 

12 p.; 34 cm. 

A firm of merchants, Parrish, Potts, Shields & Company was located in 
Philadelphia. In 1783 the firm employed fourteen people, some of whom 
were based in London. 

The company's invoice book records the varied kinds of commodities that 
it purchased in October 1783: cloth, glass, linen, pins, rugs, tea, and pad- 
locks. It would appear that some members of this company operated their 
own businesses, because records indicate that the company bought goods 
from individual partners. 
Document 310. 

1524. Parrott, Samuel C. 
Receipt book. 1860-69. 
108 p.; 18 X 10 cm. 

Samuel C. Parrott was a watchmaker and jeweler from Bordentown, New 
Jersey, who worked most often in Philadelphia. 

Receipts are for such items as store rent, papering the parlor, and pur- 
chases of a safe, fixtures, gas, watches, medical services, stock, hair jewelry, 
Document 248. 

1525. Parsons family. 

Papers. 1764-1873, bulk 1764-67. 
4 vols.; 39 cm. or smaller. 
The Parsons family lived in New York. 

Collection contains both personal papers and business records of a number 
of Parsons family members. A journal, for example, reflects the activities of 
an importer who supplied local merchants with a variety of goods. A re- 
ceipt book seems to cover work for a household. 
Collection 22. 

1526. Paschall, Stephen, 1714-1800. 
Receipt book. 1760-71. 

Downs Collection and Archives 399 

1 vol.; 16 X 10 cm. 

Stephen Paschall lived in Philadelphia and founded Paschall's Steel Fur- 

Book records the Paschall family's household expenses and records pur- 
chases for a variety of goods and services. 

Other Paschall records located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Document 657. 

1527. Patten and Wales families. 
Papers. 1768-1900. 

35 items. 

Members of the Patten and Wales families lived in Delaware. 
This miscellaneous collection features papers relating to estate settlement, 
family genealogy, expense accounts, letters, and copies of speeches deliv- 
ered at Yale College by John Wales. 
Collection 525. 

1528. Pattern and recipe book. 17437-1823? 
118 leaves: ill.; 21 cm. 

On the inside of one cover is noted "E. Warren her Book 1743," and the 
inside of the other cover has the inscription "George Williamson 1812." On 
one of the pages is written "James Williamson's Book." The book indicates 
that a branch of the Williamson family once resided in Castlehill, County of 
York, England. 

Weaving patterns, which fill twenty-seven leaves of this manuscript, dia- 
gram methods for creating decorative jacquard fabrics. Most include small 
swatches of the finished product. The balance of the volume includes 
recipes for home remedies, some of which originated in the 1600s. 
Document 120. 

1529. Pattern book for glass. Ca. 1790-1825. 

2 vol.; col. ill.; 38 cm. 

The name of Johannes Schiefner, a resident of Parchen, Bohemia, is written 
in one of the volumes. Schiefner has been linked to an international export 
and commission business in 1805. One of his employees was Franz Anton 
Zahn, who sold glass on commission for him from 1791 to 1793. 
Volumes were discovered on Gardiner's Island, New York, and contain the 
bookplate of John Gardiner. They were probably given to an American 
merchant by a German glass manufacturer or glasshouse agent. Volumes 
are familiarly called the Gardiner's Island glass catalogues. 
Pattern books contain more than two hundred ink-and-wash illustrations 
of many glass objects and chandeliers. Each illustration is numbered and is 
accompanied by a description of its decorative elements and designs. A 
price list accompanies each volume. Text is in German. 

400 Guide to the Wwterthiir Library 

Many illustrations published in "The Baltimore Glass Trade, 1780-1829," by 
Dwight P. Lanmon, Winterthur Portfolio, vol. 5, pages 15-47. 
Folio 115; Microfilm M206. 

1530. Patterns and designs. 1829-ca. 1910. 
4 items. 

This artificial (and still open) collection consists of printed patterns for 
clothing that originally appeared in women's magazines. Included is a 
printed pattern for a woman's tucked shirtwaist, a printed embroidery de- 
sign sheet, and instructions for drafting and cutting articles of clothing. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 322. 

1531. Patterson, Mrs. Fred. 
Recipe book. Ca. 1870s. 
1 vol.; 23 cm. 

Mrs. Fred Patterson resided in Pottsville, Pennsylvania. 

Although the manuscript chiefly contains recipes for entrees, breads, and 

desserts, medical remedies and household hints are also included. Mrs. 

Patterson made an effort to record local events and pasted in illustrations 

of nearby sites. 

Document 391. 

1532. Patton, Mary Shaw Bird, d. 1863. 
Journal. 1860-61. 

154 p.; 19 cm. 

Mary Patton came from Philadelphia. In 1860 she married her second hus- 
band. Rev. William Patton, who was living in New Haven, Connecticut. 
Rev. Patton was noted for his contributions to the Presbyterian and Con- 
gregational Churches. He was an outspoken critic of slavery and supported 
temperance reform, education, and missionary work. 

Journal describes the Patton's thirteen-month wedding trip from New York 
City through Western Europe. Many of the sites that the Pattons visited 
were religious in nature. During the journey. Rev. Patton rekindled friend- 
ships that he had established earlier with other clergyman. The couple vis- 
ited England, Scotland, France, Belgium, Germany, Italy, and Switzerland. 
Document 272. 

1533. Patton, T. 
Receipts. 1866-69. 
27 items. 

T. Patton worked in Newark, Ohio, possibly for the firm of Edward Frank- 
lin's Sons. 

Receipts record cash payments made for a wide variety of goods, including 
flint glass, cutlery, paper hangings, birdcages, toiletries, china, and earthen- 
Collection 474. 

Doums Collection and Archives 401 

1534. Payson, Samuel, ca. 1778-? 
Papers. 1805-13. 

9 items; 26 cm. 

Samuel Payson was born in East Sudbury, Massachusetts. He apparently 
lived for a time in Richmond, Virginia, but moved back to his native state 
and settled in Boston, where he worked as a fumituremaker. 
Collection includes six letters from Payson's friends in Richmond, one of 
which mentions patterns for woodworking tools; a tax bill; and an inden- 
ture for the lease of Fiske's shop. 
Collection 419. 

1535. Peale family. 
Papers. 1784-1864. 

2 boxes + 2 microfilm reels: ill. 

A number of Peale family members, including Charles Willson Peale (1741- 
1827) and James Peale (1749-1831), were prominent American painters. 
Collection contains original manuscripts, approximately seventy black and 
white photographs of paintings by Peale family members, and two micro- 
film reels of Peale family sketchbooks and "News of the Painting Room," 
in which Rembrandt Peale offers instructions for painting. Most of the 
original manuscripts are business letters concerning exhibitions, the trans- 
port of paintings, and works in progress. An essay by Rembrandt Peale en- 
titled "Washington and his Portraits," which he often delivered as a lecture, 
is included as well. Sketchbooks, most dating from 1800 to 1864, feature 
drawings in various media of landscapes, animals, insects, furniture, peo- 
ple, and flowers. 
Finding aid available. 

Original sketchbooks located at the American Philosophical Society; "News 
of the Painting Room" at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Collection 396; Microfilm M915, M2051. 

1536. Pearce, Muriel. 

Sewing exercise book. Ca. 1880-1910. 
59 p.; 21 cm. 

Muriel Pearce's signature appears in pencil at the top of the front cover; 
otherwise she is unidentified. 

Consists of a series of nineteen sewing and mending exercises. Each in- 
cludes handwritten instructions and the corresponding finished work (in 
muslin and other fabrics) is attached to the facing page. 
Document 75. 

1537. Pearson, Edward A. 
Letter book. 1815-18. 
172 p.; 34 cm. 

402 Guiile to tlie Wiiilertlnir Library 

Edward A. Pearson is listed as a "glass factor" in Boston city directories. 
Volume contains letters Pearson sent as an agent for the Boston Glass Man- 
ufactory, soliciting business, conveying orders, and describing his firm's 
products and shipping arrangements. (One satisfied customer was Profes- 
sor Benjamin Silliman of Yale College.) Pearson corresponded with people 
from New England and the southern colonies. His firm later became the 
parent company of the South Boston Flint Glass Works and the Chester- 
field Glass Works. 
Document 112. 

1538. Pearson, Ethan W. 
Diary 1905. 

124 p.: ill.; 21 cm. 

Ethan W. Pearson was an organist and baritone singer at the Free Baptist 
Church, South Berwick, Maine. He was also an amateur photographer. 
At the heart of this diary is a discussion of a trip that Pearson took into the 
southern White Mountains. He includes good descriptions of the scenery 
and recounts his experiences creating a "rustic site" at a family residence. 
In addition, Pearson wrote about the Garrison House in Dover, New 
Hampshire, a local historic landmark. 
Document 992. 

1539. Pearson, F 

Book of housekeeping. 1843. 

22 p.; 16 X 20 cm. 

Although F. Pearson's residence is not identified, a watermark in her book 

suggests that she lived in or around York, Pennsylvania. She was a wife 

and mother. 

Volume includes a complete record of household expenses for 1843. 

Document 213. 

1540. Pearson family. 
Account books. 1684-1797. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Members of the Pearson family operated a fulling mill in Newbury and 
Rowley, Massachusetts. They also operated a gristmill and sawmill. 
These two manuscripts include entries for a wide variety of items, includ- 
ing animals, building materials, firearms, food, furniture, hardware, plants, 
and textiles. 
Name index available. 

Original manuscripts located at Baker Library, Harvard University. 
Microfilm M1965.1. 

1541. Pearsons, W. A. 
Autograph album. 1893. 
1 vol.: ill.; 26 cm. 

Downs Collection and Ardiives 403 

W. A. Pearsons was from Rutland, Vermont. He attended Eastman College 
in Poughkeepsie, New York, and graduated in 1893. 

Album contains autographs of Pearsons's fellow students and teachers. A 
few autographs are supplemented by words of friendship, and many are 
accompanied by small photo stamps with a portrait of the signer. Two il- 
lustrations of the college are also included. 
Document 874. 

1542. Pease, Flavius. 
Ledger. 1804-41. 
441 p.; 41 cm. 

Flavius Pease was a shoemaker in and around Stockbridge, Massachusetts. 
Manuscript documents Pease's shoemaking and mending work. In some 
instances, customers supplied Pease with the raw materials needed to 
make their footwear. 
Name index available. 
Folio 135. 

1543. Peck, Smith, 1809-? 
Daybook. 1847^8. 
234 p.; 40 cm. 

It would appear that Smith Peck, a native of Sandgate, Vermont, main- 
tained this volume. 

Daybook contains records of sales and payments on account of a Sandusky, 
Ohio, hatter. Various forms of headgear, including straw hats, oil silk caps, 
"musk" caps, fine silk hats, palm hats, skull caps, and glazed hats, are doc- 
umented. Sales of shoes, muffs, bandboxes, slips, and gloves are men- 
Folio 15. 

1544. Peep show of Westminster. Ca. 1840. 
1 item: col. ill. 

Peep show pulls out into a three-dimensional representation of a ceremony 
(perhaps a knighting) at Westminster Palace. 
Collection 220. 

1545. Peirce, Preserved, 1736-98. 
Account book. 1757-66. 

1 vol.; 30 cm. 

Preserved Peirce was a merchant in Swansea, Massachusetts. Using his 
sloop, the Rosemary, Peirce sailed around Mount Hope Bay and along the 
coasts of Rhode Island and Connecticut selling woodenware, pewter, pot- 
tery, and the raw materials needed by potters and metalworkers. 
Accounts document the sale of such products as glass, tea, needles, butter, 
sugar, pipes, paper, books, sewing supplies, and earthenware. The 

404 Guide to the Wiiilerlhtir Library 

manuscript also includes itemized invoices addressed to Peirce's trading 


Collection 220. 

1546. Pellerin. 

Imagerie d'Epinal. Ca. 1875. 
60 leaves: col. ill.; 42 cm. 

Pellerin was a publishing firm in Epinal, France, established in the early 
nineteenth century by Jean-Charles Pellerin. In 1854 Nicholas Pellerin, the 
founder's son, assumed leadership of the business and expanded the scope 
of the materials that they published to include moral and didactic litera- 

Volume includes sixty sixteen-panel cartoons that convey moralistic tales 
about the unfortunate consequences that befall ill-behaved children. A few 
stories recount such well-known tales as "Cinderella" and "Little Red Rid- 
ing Hood." A note reads: "Printed expressly for the Humoristic Publishing 
Co., Kansas City, Mo." 
Folio 13. 

1547. Pelletreau, Elias, 1726-1810. 
Account books. 1759-1852. 
4 microfilm reels. 

Elias Pelletreau worked as a silversmith on Long Island, New York. 
Manuscripts document the working life of Pelletreau and also include ac- 
counts for sewing, pewter and brass work, and furniture. John and Charles 
Pelletreau maintained the last account book of the series, kept from 1801 to 
1852, after Elias's death. 
Name index available. 

Original manuscripts located at the East Hampton Free Library and the 
Long Island Historical Society. 
Microfilm M712-M714, M1619. 

1548. Pember, Elijah. 
Account book. 1756-1811. 
1 vol.; 38 cm. 

Elijah Pember was a carpenter and farmer from Ellington, Connecticut. 
Pember made doors, tables, chests of drawers, benches, cradles for grain, 
and quilting frames. He also framed, shingled, and repaired wells. Manu- 
script also contains many references to various kinds of mills (cider, stone, 
and saw). 

Name index available. 
Folio 225. 

1549. Pembroke Iron Works. 
Daybook. 1850-51. 
161 p.; 39 cm. 

Doiriis Colkctiou and Archives 405 

Pembroke Iron Works was located in Roxbury, Massachusetts. Robert 
Watts, an employee, maintained this volume. 

Manuscript records the daily activities of the company and its production 
of rails, nails, furnace parts, pumps, brass box patterns, and other items. 
Watts records payments to laborers for goods produced and hours worked. 
Watts tracked other expenses, including payments for insurance, shipping, 
travel, and raw materials. 
Folio 129. 

1550. Pennebaker watermark collection. Ca. 1737-1891. 
8 boxes. 

Collection contains documents printed on watermarked papers and blank 
sheets of watermarked papers from England, Scotland, Italy, the Nether- 
lands, and the United States. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 68. 

1551. Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926. 
Papers. 1890-1936. 

1 box: ill. 

Philadelphia-based artist Joseph Pennell studied at the Pennsylvania Acad- 
emy of the Fine Arts. One of the finest sketch artists of his time, he won 
numerous awards, illustrated many books, and wrote a number of manuals 
on book illustration. Pennell was an expert on James Abbott McNeill Whis- 

Papers principally contain business letters from Pennell to arts administra- 
tors, discussing Pennell's exhibitions, lectures, travel arrangements, repro- 
ductions of his works, and proposals for articles, exhibits, and lectures. 
Other letters record his thoughts on politics and mention the clubs to 
which he belonged. An article, "The Art of Charles Keene," and a copy of a 
speech that he gave on the status of art are included in the papers as well. 
Finding aid available. 

Other Pennell manuscripts located at the Archives of American Art, the 
University of Pennsylvania, and the Rosenbach Museum and Library. 
Collection 403. 

1552. Penniman, John, ca. 1817-50. 
Scrapbook. Ca. 1820-59. 

1 vol.; 34 cm. 

John Penniman was a Baltimore-based lithographer and artist active from 
1835 to 1842. In 1842 Penniman relocated to New York City, where he re- 
mained until 1850. He was the son of John Ritto Penniman, a portrait and 
ornamental painter and lithographer His own son, Horace Penniman, be- 
came an artist as well. 

Album includes engravings of bank notes, horses, mythical and allegorical 
scenes, portraits, landscapes, advertisements, and title pages for various 

406 Guide to the Wiiilertlmr Library 

publications. This scrapbook may have served as a design source for all 
three generations of Pennimans. 
Folio 46. 

1553. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. 
List of stockholders. 1830. 

13 leaves; 20 cm. 

Manuscript lists the names of people who were delinquent in paying for 
$3,636.00 in stock for the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and nota- 
tions recording the results of their attempts to settle accounts. Some of the 
more prominent names mentioned are Thomas Sully and members of the 
Peale family. 
Document 1058. 

1554. Pennsylvania Hospital (Philadelphia, Pa.). 
Photographs. Ca. 1910. 

12 items: ill. 

The Pennsylvania Hospital was established in 1751. Construction of its 

building, designed by Samuel Rhoads, began in 1755. 

Illustrations depict the interior and exterior of the hospital building from a 

number of perspectives. 

Document 598. 

1555. Perine Pottery. 
Records. 1798-1886. 
4 microfilm reels. 

Peter and David Maulden Perine operated pottery firms in Baltimore under 

a variety of names. 

Includes daybooks, workbooks, business and household account books, 

recipes, and miscellaneous records. Also contains an account book for Dr. 

Samuel Thomson's medical practice and minutes and an account book of 

the Thomson Friendly Botanic Society of Maryland. 

Summary of contents available. 

Original manuscripts located at the Maryland Historical Society. 

Microfilm M195-M198. 

1556. Perkins, George Washington, 1778-1856. 
Notes and receipts. 1805-49. 

305 p.; 28 cm. 

George W. Perkins lived in Bridgewater and Boston, Massachusetts, and 
Augusta, Maine. He was involved in many surveying activities and land 
transactions in Maine. 

Volume contains G. W. Perkins's invoices, receipts, and records for the pur- 
chase of a wide range of domestic products and personal items and ser- 
vices. The volume opens with the sentence: "These papers give an idea of 
what it cost to live a hundred years ago." 
Document 242. 

Daious Collection and Archives 407 

1557. Perkins, Mary. 

Recipe book. Ca. 1870-90. 

23 p.; 16 cm. 

Mary Perkins probably resided in Virginia. Her name and that of a Mrs. 

Ellis Perkins are mentioned in the manuscript. 

Volume contains recipes for food, medicines, and cleaning supplies. There 

is a list of bed linens "brought from home when I went to housekeeping." 

Document 195. 

1558. Perkins, Mason A. 
Account books. 1838-44. 
2 vols.; 34 cm. 

Mason A. Perkins was a furnituremaker in Ticonderoga, New York. In- 
scriptions in his volume indicate that he worked with William Fitch, first as 
Fitch's partner and later as his supervisor. 

Manuscript accounts contain records of furnituremaking and records of 
both personal and professional expenses. Perkins's outspoken nature 
prompted him to comment about a customer who "disputed my account 
which 1 know to be correct, therefore I now expunge the lousy, low lived 
scoundrel from my book by drawing black lines around the black hearted 
rascal's name." 
Document 99. 

1559. Perkins, Thomas, 1758-1830. 
Letter books. 1785-1822. 

2 vols.; 33 cm. 

Thomas Perkins was a merchant from Boston. He served as commissioner 

of the United States Loan Office in Boston from 1798 to 1804. 

Volumes contain copies of letters to merchants and other individuals in the 

United States, England, continental Europe, and China. Among the topics 

discussed are the China trade, rules for commerce, recommendations for 

employment, and transactions with merchant houses. Part of the second 

volume pertains to activities of the United States Loan Office. 

Document 761 . 

1560. Perley, Mary. 

Wrifford's writing books. 1815. 

1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Mary Perley, a student from Massachusetts, used this volume to practice 

her handwriting exercises. The book includes poetry and a list of sermons 

that Perley had heard. 

Document 703. 

1561. Perry, George. 
Papers. 1828^5. 

408 Guide to the Winterthur Library 

3 microfilm reels. 

George and P. F. Perry operated a general store and tin shop in Saxton's 

River, Vermont. 

Film includes letters, accounts, peddler's records, insurance information, 

and general accounts referring to the business. 

Summary of contents available. 

Original manuscripts located at the Saxton's River Historical Society. 

Microfilm M2433-M2435. 

1562. Perry, Nathaniel. 
Ledger 1817-51. 
256 p.; 33 cm. 

Nathaniel Perry appears to have been a Boston-based machinist skilled in 
metal- and woodworking. 

References are made to such activities as working on machine molds, in- 
stalling window sashes in houses, whitewashing, turning handles, forging 
hammers, and designing patterns. 
Document 718. 

1563. Personal account books. 1882, 1886-90. 
6 vols.; 15 cm. 

The unidentified compiler of these volumes probably lived in Sussex 
County, New Jersey, and worked for a railroad. 

Volumes record the cost of a variety of personal goods: clothing, food and 
drink, furniture, eyeglasses, house rent, and newspaper subscriptions. The 
writer traveled frequently, most often to New York, and seems to have sup- 
ported a woman named Mame. 
Document 1019. 

1564. Perspective drawings. Ca. 1848. 
1 vol.: ill.; 18 cm. 

Volume of perspective drawings includes pencil and pen-and-ink depic- 
tions of geometric figures, houses and other buildings, trees, a railroad tun- 
nel, and people. There are instructions for describing how to draw lines 
and shapes properly. 
Document 878. 

1565. Peterson, Marshall. 
Account book. 1823-30. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Marshall Peterson, who appears to have been an agricultural laborer, lived 
in Duxbury, Massachusetts. 

Book contains a record of Peterson's work as a day laborer: mowing, plant- 
ing, shearing sheep, killing pigs, hauling, and plowing. The manuscript 
was probably intended to be used as an exercise book. Its front cover fea- 
tures an illustration of a gentleman strolling along with the aid of a walk- 

Dimms Colhxiioii and Arclih>es 409 

ing stick, and the back cover includes a multiplication table, a list of the 
days of the week, and a variety of sayings. 
Document 830. 

1566. Petitions for tavern licenses. 1799-1830. 
18 items. 

Includes petitions for licenses submitted to the Court of General Quarter, 
Session of the Peace, Cumberland County, New jersey. Signed statements 
attest to the petitioner's honesty and sobriety. Documents also indicate that 
petitioners owned two or more spare feather beds and could provide lodg- 
ing, stabling, and dry animal feed. 

Separate index of petitioner's names, locations of taverns, and dates peti- 
tions were filed available. 
Collection 175. 

1567. Pettingell-Andrews Company. 
Drawings of lighting equipment. Ca. 1910. 
24 items: ill. 

The Pettingell-Andrews Company of Boston manufactured a variety of 
lighting fixtures that fell into one of three stylistic categories: colonial, En- 
glish, French, or commercial. Production staff specialized in specific phases 
of the manufacturing process, such as modeling, chasing, spinning, plating, 
etching, and galvanizing. 

Drawings and hand-colored tracings illustrate various fixtures drawn to 
one-quarter scale, including ceiling fixtures, electric chandeliers, electric 
brackets, and electric pendants. Drawings are numbered and correspond to 
illustrations printed in the firm's trade catalogue. 

Trade catalogue from Pettingell-Andrews in Printed Book and Periodical 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 166; Microfilm M3013. 

1568. Phelps, E. A. 
Cookbook. 18~. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

The name E. A. Phelps appears on the inside front cover and on a loose 

piece of paper that is laid into the volume. Nothing is known about the 


Manuscript contains a number of recipes written by different hands. Most 

recipes are for cakes, cookies, puddings, jellies, and cordials. 

Document 47. 

1569. Philadelphia, Pa. Office of the Mayor. 
Records of indentures. 1771-73. 

1 microfilm reel. 

410 Guide to the Wintertlwr Library 

John Gibson and William Fisher served successively as Philadelphia's 

mayor when these records were kept. 

Contains lists of apprentices and servants as well as German and other re- 

demptioners (indentured servants). 

Description included in Guide to the Arclmes ami Manuscript Collections of 

the American Philosophical Society, compiled by Whitfield J. Bell and Murphy 

D. Smith, published in 1966, page 114. 

Original documents located at the American Philosophical Society. 

Microfilm M307. 

1570. Philadelphia, Pa. Office of the Register of Wills. 
Wills, county of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1682-1875. 
396 microfilm reels. 

Index to this collection available separately and recorded on the first three 


Microfilm M959-M1355. 

1571. Philadelphia Contributionship for the Insurance of Houses from Loss by 

Surveys. 1752-1900. 
12 microfilm reels. 

Organized in 1752, the Philadelphia Contributionship was the first fire in- 
surance company in America. It is still in existence. 

Includes surveys, journals, minutes of directors' meetings, a book indexing 
policies, architectural drawings, and a few building specifications. 
Original manuscripts retained by the Philadelphia Contributionship. 
Microfilm M32-M43. 

1572. Philadelphia county. Pa. 

Deeds and mortgages. 1682-1840. 

165 microfilm reels. 

Contains county tax assessment records kept from 1779 to 1812; state tax 

records kept from 1776 to 1854; deed books kept from 1682 to 1830; and 

mortgage books kept from 1736 to 1779. 

Summary of contents available. 

Original documents located at the Department of Records, Philadelphia. 

Microfilm M492-M656. 

1573. Philadelphia Museum of Art. 
Scrapbooks. 1950-54. 

1 microfilm reel. 

The Philadelphia Museum of Art, located in Fairmount Park, was estab- 
lished in 1876. Its collection includes American painting and sculpture; dec- 
orative arts; Pennsylvania German arts; Indian, Far and Near Eastern, and 
European art; period room displays that re-create domestic settings from 
the twelfth to the nineteenth centuries; and arms and armor. 

Dozms Collection and Archives 411 

Scrapbooks include clippings relating to the museum's Diamond Jubilee of 
1950, various exhibitions, and collection holdings. 
Original materials retained by the Philadelphia Museum of Art. 
Microfilm M741.1. 

1574. Philbrick, Joseph, 1797-1874. 
Daybooks. 1820-62. 

2 vols.; 40 cm. or smaller. 

Joseph Philbrick followed in the footsteps of his father and brother by be- 
coming a potter. During the first decade of the nineteenth century, Joseph's 
brother established the Philbrick Pottery in Norridgewock, a section of 
Skowhegan, Maine. After serving his apprenticeship, Joseph joined the 
family business in 1820. Records suggest that he assumed control of the 
business shortly thereafter. By 1850 only two people were employed at the 
pottery and its capital value amounted to $600.00. It specialized in the pro- 
duction redware and remained in existence until 1874. 
Manuscripts record Philbrick's work as a potter. His product line included 
chamber pots, teakettles, gallon jugs, many kinds of pots, and refuse ware. 
Daybooks include references to a number of Philbrick's additional occupa- 
tional pursuits: serving writs, carting, painting, and wallpapering. Evi- 
dence suggests that he may have operated a general store. 
Folio 74. 

1575. Philbrick, Samuel. 
Account book. 1796-1820. 
376 p.; 31 cm. 

Samuel Philbrick was a potter from Exeter, New Hampshire. He had three 

sons who followed him into the potterymaking business. He seems to have 

built barrels as well. 

Item records the production and sale of various kinds of pottery, including 

jugs, mugs, bread pans, platters, and porringers. Many records refer to 

other area potters, including Jabez Dodge. 

Photocopy of original manuscript located at the Exeter, New Hampshire, 

Historical Society. 

Document 588. 

1576. Phinney, Horace F. 
Papers. 1869-94. 

1 box. 

Horace F. Phinney, from Centreville, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, came from 
a family of ship captains. As a young man, he moved to Boston and 
worked for Nicholson, Frost & Co., importers and dealers in crockery, 
china, and glassware. He remained with the firm for twenty or more years. 
Most of this collection consists of letters to and from family members about 
family and personal news. There are business letters to Phinney from 

412 GuUe to the Wiiitertliur Lilmni/ 

various retailers inquiring about items available from Nicholson, Frost & 
Co.; prices are often mentioned. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 381. 

1577. Phipps, Stephen. 
Invoices. 1774-96. 
35 items; 26 cm. 

Stephen Phipps was a tailor from Philadelphia. 

Invoices are mostly for the purchase of lumber (pine, oak, poplar, and ce- 
dar), sand, lime, nails, and screws. One bill documents work performed at 
his home and another documents a payment made for a chimney cleaning. 
Collection 402. 

1578. Photograph album. Ca. 1860s. 
24 p.: ill.; 15 cm. 

Album contains twenty-four albumen prints of infants and children. The 
portraits were taken by many photographers from several geographical 
areas east of the Mississippi River. 
Document 411. 

1579. Photograph album. Ca. 1880s. 
1 vol.: ill.; 18 x 28 cm. 

Consists of forty-seven black and white photographs of "scenes taken in vi- 
cinity of New Windsor, Orange County, N.Y., some taken in N.Y. City." In- 
cluded are photos of sailboats, a lumber wagon, two Hudson River man- 
sions and their furnishings, young men and women, rural scenery along 
the Hudson River, a bridge over the Hudson near New York City, and Cen- 
tral Park. 
Document 174. 

1580. Photograph album. 1889-1919? 
112 p.: ill.; 25x32 cm. 

Album contains more than three hundred photographs depicting scenes in 
Boston Harbor; the aftermath of fires in Boston and Lynn, Massachusetts, 
in 1889; the Victorian interior of the Trade Club of Boston; a parade honor- 
ing the Grand Army of the Republic; and the landscapes of several New 
England states. Approximately one-third of the photos include captions. In- 
terior shots often include technical information recording camera exposure 
times and settings. 
Document 160. 

1581. Photograph album. 1895-97. 
50 p.: ill.; 18 x 29 cm. 

Consists of ninety-two photographs of historic sites in Massachusetts, New 
York, Vermont, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, and cemeteries in Arling- 

Downs Collection and Archwes 413 

ton, Virginia (Arlington National Cemetery) and the Georgetown section of 
Washington, D.C. (Oak Ridge Cemetery). Typed descriptions, many includ- 
ing the dates on which the photos were taken, accompany each photo- 

List of cities and towns pictured in album available. 
Document 182. 

1582. Photograph album. 1900s. 

2 vols.: ill.; 44 cm or smaller. 

Volumes include photographs and blueprints of a large house located in 

Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. One volume features exterior shots and pictures 

of room settings. The other volume contains photos of furniture in the 

house. Colonial revival, arts and crafts, and medieval furniture styles are 


Collection 117. 

1583. Photograph album. 19207-39? 
47 leaves: ill.; 44 x 48 cm. 

Album includes mounted black and white photographs of both the interior 
and exterior of a large structure in Palm Beach, Florida, identified as "11 
Palmeto." It was either a private mansion or a hotel decorated in the Span- 
ish style. 
Folio 45. 

1584. Photograph albums. Ca. 1865-99. 

2 vols.: ill. (some col.); 30 cm. or smaller. 

The first volume contains photos of Italian paintings and sculptures, pri- 
marily with religious themes. Artists are identified in most photos. The sec- 
ond volume contains portraits, houses, gravestones, statues, and landscape 
scenery from both Europe and the United States. 
Document 632. 

1585. Photographies stereoscopique sur verre en tons chauds: Chateau de Ver- 
sailles. Ca. 1920s. 

12 photoprints on glass slides + viewer: ill; 5x11 cm. 
Collection includes twelve images of the Grand and Petit Trianons, their 
gardens, a mill, a milk cellar, a farm, the Temple of Love, and the music 
pavilion. A "viewer" device is meant to produce a three-dimensional effect. 
Translation: Stereoscopic photographs on glass in warm tones; Versailles. 
Collection 395. 

1586. Photographs. Ca. 1860-1940. 
8 boxes. 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains photographs and stereop- 
ticon cards, most from the second half of the nineteenth century. A wide 
variety of photographic processes is represented, including collotypes. 

414 Guide to the Wititertliur Library 

cyanotypes, platinotypes, albumen, and gelatin prints. Photos represent 
both amateur and professional work, snapshots and posed portraits. Many 
of the illustrations depict scenes of domestic life, such as furnished interi- 
ors and household artifacts. Others photos depict buildings, shop interiors, 
and views. The stereopticon cards feature both American and European 
views, interiors, and scenes from stage productions. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 182. 

1587. Photographs. Ca. 1870-90. 
10 items. 

Photos depict Victorian-style furniture crafted from walnut and mahogany. 
Beds, bureaus, and washstands are featured. Each photo is numbered, sug- 
gesting that the images were used in a catalogue or for ordering purposes. 
Some depictions also feature the furniture's dimensions and include brief 
textual descriptions. 
Document 534. 

1588. Photographs of chairs. Ca. 1890-1900. 
74 items: ill. 

Includes mounted photographs depicting various forms of seating furni- 
ture, including rockers, swivel chairs, a convertible chair that could be used 
either as a high chair or stroller, upholstered chairs, and folding chairs. 
Many photos include pencil notations of prices. A few are stamped "Na- 
tional Chair Manufacturing Co." 
Collection 344. 

1589. Photographs of furniture. Ca. 1860-75. 
80 p.: ill.; 35 cm. 

Contains photos of "cottage furniture" that include prices and notations of 
the woods used in construction. Many photos feature bedroom suites. Al- 
though the manufacturer's name is not mentioned, it is probable that the 
volume was used to promote sales. 
Folio 217. 

1590. Photographs of furniture. Ca. 1870s. 
60 items: ill. 

These sixty mounted albumen prints illustrate furniture available for sale 
by either an antiques dealer or a reproduction furnituremaker from Boston. 
Items depicted include tables, candle stands, mirrors, wash stands, desks, 
bureaus, chests, and various kinds of chairs. Comments written in pencil 
on the prints feature prices, types of furniture, and woods used in con- 
struction. Photos were taken by Charles E. Beane. The name of Richard Al- 
len, a clerk, is written on the back of each photo. 
Collection 406. 

Downs Colh'ctkm and Archives 415 

1591. Photographs of furniture. Before 1900. 
29 leaves: ill. 

Collection contains 185 variously sized, black and white photos of repro- 
duction furniture that may have served as the basis for a sales catalogue. 
Most photos include at least one reference number. Furniture forms fea- 
tured include chairs, daybeds, settees, tables, and benches. William and 
Mary, Queen Anne, Chippendale, and neoclassical styles predominate. 
Collection 138. 

1592. Photographs of furniture. Ca. 1900-1930. 
185 items: ill. 

Photos were taken either for a catalogue or for ordering purposes. Furni- 
ture forms featured include desks, chairs, chests, shelving, tables, and 
headboards. Styles featured include mission, early English, and Louis XVI. 
Additional information, such as cost, the type of wood used to make a 
piece, and dimensions, is included for some items. 
Collection 184. 

1593. Photographs of lamps. Ca. 1920s. 
35 items. 

Many of the photographs were taken by Carl Klein and Brown Brothers, 
probably of New York City. The photographs were probably used by a ven- 

Oriental ceramics make up the bodies of the thirty-five lamps pictured. 
Photos include notations recording the selling prices, dimensions, and in 
most cases detailed descriptions of the lamps. 
Collection 135. 

1594. Photographs of room interiors. Ca. 1920-30. 
6 items: ill.; 36 x 28 cm. 

Mounted photos depict the living room, study, and dining room of a Phila- 
delphia residence. Several decorative styles, including Chippendale, arts 
and crafts, and colonial revival, are featured. 
Collection 136. 

1595. Phyfe, Duncan, 1768-1854. 
Papers. 1801-54. 

.5 cu. ft. 

Duncan Phyfe was a native of Loch Fannich, Scotland. He immigrated to 
America with his parents in 1783 and settled in Albany, New York. Some- 
time before 1792, he moved to New York City, where he worked as a 
highly successful furnituremaker until 1847. Phyfe counted many of New 
York's leading citizens among his clients and employed nearly one hun- 
dred craftsmen at one point in his career. In 1837 two of Phyfe's sons, Wil- 
liam and James D., joined him in partnership and eventually took over the 

416 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Library 

Papers consist of bills and receipts for furniture made in Phyfe's shop and 
an inventory of Phyfe's estate that lists the contents of his home. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 313. 

1596. Pictorial trade labels and billheads. Ca. 1660-1850. 
8 microfilm reels. 

Trade ephemera in this collection was compiled by Sir Ambrose Heal. 

Items relate to English workers and advertising. Some labels appear to be 


Alphabetical listing of occupations available. 

Original labels and billheads located at the British Museum at the time of 


Microfilm M230-M237. 

1597. Pierce,Jacob, d. 1801. 
Account book. 1796-1805. 
1 vol.; 17 cm. 

Jacob Pierce probably lived in Pennsylvania. 

Account book documents income and expenses related to the estate of Ja- 
cob Pierce. Items purchased include clothes, food, hay, and advertisements 
for estate vendues. Corn, oats, buckwheat, and Pierce's property were sold 
for a profit after his death. 
Index of names at rear of volume. 
Document 1070. 

1598. Pierce & Baldwin. 
Legal papers. 1856-60. 
31 items. 

The firm of Pierce & Baldwin (Frederick Pierce and Warner Baldwin) made 
and sold furniture in Brandon, Vermont. The two men entered into part- 
nership in an effort to revive the furnituremaking business founded by 
Frederick's father, Rodney. 

Collection contains papers relating to a lawsuit between Pierce & Baldwin 
and Abraham Clark and Levi Briggs, sheriff of Rutland County. The law- 
suit related to a party defaulting on a promissory note, furniture being held 
on account, and, from Pierce & Baldwin's point of view, a less than envia- 
ble settlement of another lawsuit. Documents include inventories, writs, 
referee's reports, arguments, bills for court costs, and other documents. 
Collection 459. 

1599. Pike, Jonathan. 
Checks. 1823-59. 
33 items: ill. 

Jonathan Pike owned a lumber and coal business in Providence, Rhode Is- 

Dmviis CoUectioii and Archives 417 

Checks, most dating from the 1850s, bear engraved illustrations. Images 
featured include ships, steamboats, coal mines, trains, George Washington, 
a farmer, blacksmith, and a steelworker. The work of several firms is repre- 
sented, including G. H. Whitney of Providence; Benjamin Loring of Boston; 
and D. Bugbee & Co. of Bangor, Maine. 
Collection 447. 

1600. Pilsbury, H. N. 
Recipe book. 1 847. 
48 p.; 16 cm. 

H. N. Pilsbury resided in Dedham, Massachusetts, when this recipe book 
was compiled. 

Book includes recipes for various cakes, puddings, custards, and jellies. 
Also included are instructions for such domestic chores as polishing furni- 
ture, dyeing hair, removing grease from silk, and curing various maladies. 
Document 275. 

1601. Pinprick drawings. Ca. 1780-1820. 
4 items: col. ill. 

Drawings consist of watercolor depictions of people's heads and other de- 
tails along with pinpricks outlining their torsos and costumes. Each indi- 
vidual is either an actor or musician and is engaged in some kind of activ- 
ity on a stage. The paper on which the drawings were made is very thin, 
resembling tracing paper. 
Document 937. 

1602. Pincushion. Ca. 1870. 

1 item. 

Handmade pincushion with maroon fabric at the top and sides. The cush- 
ion sits on a detachable base with small ball feet made of thread. An illus- 
tration of a girl is featured on the bottom of the object, which was made 
with a piece of cardboard taken from packaging for paper collars produced 
by the Lockwood Manufacturing Co. 
Document 646. 

1603. Pine Grove Furnace. 
Business records. 1787-91. 

2 vols.; 34 cm. or smaller. 

The Pine Grove Furnace was probably located in Cumberland County, 

The first volume is a daybook kept from 1788 to 1789, perhaps by John Ar- 
thur. It documents the products made at the furnace, including skillets, 
plates, casfings for griddles, and castings for Franklin stoves. The second 
volume is a time book kept from 1787 to 1791. It records work accom- 
plished at various locations within the furnace (the casting house, kitchen. 

418 Guide to the Wiiitertlmr Library 

blacksmith shop, etc.) and includes references to work agreements and in- 
formation on hauling and driving teams. 
Name index available. 
Document 715. 

1604. Place, James F. 
Daybook. 1823-34. 
1 vol.; 38 cm. 

James F. Place was a tailor in Haverhill, Massachusetts. 
Place records making coats, pantaloons, and suits and cutting vests, capes, 
and coats. He also records that he repaired pants and sold sewing supplies. 
Document 524. 

1605. Piummer, Daniel. 
Receipts. 1800-1804. 
20 items. 

Daniel Piummer was a constable in southeastern New Hampshire. 
Receipts, addressed to Piummer, are for items seized by writs of attach- 
ment. They name the people involved in the proceedings, list property to 
be forfeited, and the value of the goods. Items mentioned include beds, a 
table, bedding, and livestock. 
Collection 515. 

1606. Poetry Ca. 1800-1900. 
Approx. 20 items. 

This artificial (and still open) collection consists of printed and handwritten 
poems. It consists of both original poems and famous works copied for in- 
clusion in the collection. Some pages are illustrated or decorated in some 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 324. 

1607. Poor, Catherine Gerrish. 
Copybook. 1821. 

1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Volume includes handwriting exercises that Poor practiced when she was a 
student. Because there is a stationer's label for E. Stedman, Newburyport, 
Massachusetts, on the front cover, she may have been from that area. The 
cover features an illustration of chickens and hens outside a barn. 
Document 834. 

1608. Pope, Napoleon B. 
Daybook. 1858-61. 
215 p.; 34 cm. 

Napoleon B. Pope was a tinsmith from Bordentown, New Jersey. 

Doums Collection and Archives 419 

Volume records daily sales and payments for a number of metal goods, in- 
cluding tin pipe, lamps, pans, parlor ash sifters, cake turners, tea caddies, 
and nails. At least three different hands contributed entries to the volume. 
A notation made on June 14, 1861, states that all assets and debts were 
transferred from Pope to Hudson S. Ellis. 
Document 105. 

1609. Porter, William. 

Invoices and receipts. 1799-1845. 
12 items: ill.; 26 cm. 

William Porter appears to have been a physician who lived in Southamp- 
ton, Massachusetts. 

Collection contains bills and receipts addressed to William Porter for hard- 
ware, silverware, jugs, mirrors, furniture, wallpaper, and spectacles. 
Collection 423. 

1610. Portrait authors: an amusing and instructive pastime containing 32 fine 
portraits of eminent authors. 1873. 

1 game (64 cards): ill. 

"E. 1. H.," which may refer to E. 1. Horsman of New York City, is written 

within a lozenge-shaped design. There are no other indications of its 


An educational card game in which the players try to assemble groups of 

cards containing lithographed portraits and printed biographical sketches 

of thirty-two nineteenth-century authors. 

Document 89. 

1611. Postcard album. 1906-17. 
52 p.: ill.; 28 cm. 

Contains three hundred Christmas greetings, the majority of which depict 
Santa Claus, Saint Nicholas, or Father Christmas. The cards, printed in the 
United States, Germany, and England, are postmarked between 1906 and 
1917. They were probably collected in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. 
Document 27. 

1612. Postcards. 1893-1992. 
Approx. 520 items: ill. 

This artificial (and still open) collection consists of both photographic and 
picture postcards. The majority of illustrations feature views of the United 
States and Canada produced between 1900 and 1930. Many depict gardens 
or domestic architecture. Of the foreign postcards, the majority illustrate 
Germany during the pre-World War 1 era. Some of the cards were pro- 
duced as advertisements. A number of cards were manufactured as sets. 
The picture postcards include greeting cards, reproductions of works of art, 
and humorous cards. Among the well-known publishers represented are 
the Detroit Publishing Co., the Albertype Co., and Raphael Tuck and Sons. 

420 Guide to the Wintertlnir Library 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 274. 

1613. Poster stamps. Ca. 1915-40. 

Approx. 300 items: ill. (chiefly col.); 50 x 50 mm. or smaller. 
This artificial (and still open) collection includes poster stamps, sometimes 
referred to as cinderellas, that advertise products used in the home, leisure 
activities, and personal goods. Many promotional stamps feature land- 
marks of American cities. Many stamps are colorful and reflect contempo- 
rary design styles. Some of the artists whose work is represented in the col- 
lection are Charles H. Stone, F. S. Church, F. G. Cooper, and Franklin 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 408. 

1614. Potter, Jewell Irwin. 
Notebooks. 1899-1923. 

Jewell Irwin Potter was an engraver from Oneida, New York. He worked 
for the Oneida Silverware Manufacturing Company and later for William 
A. Rogers, Limited. In 1906 Potter joined the Brotherhood of Silverworkers 
of America, though he became disenchanted with the organization and 
eventually quit. In his leisure time. Potter took part in Masonic activities, 
played the organ, and bottled wine. 

Notebooks record Potter's engraving work. He engraved flatware, trophies 
and cups, a seventy-two piece heirloom tea set, ice pitchers, and other 
items. He recorded details of Rogers, Ltd.'s takeover of Oneida. He also re- 
corded information about efforts to unionize labor in the silverworking 
trade in the early twentieth century. There are no volumes for the years 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 110. 

1615. Potter, Robert M. 
Exercise book. 1820. 
140 p.; 36 cm. 

Exercise book with a cover decorated with wallpaper. Its pages contain 
mathematical exercises, including problems in basic arithmetic, weights 
and measures, fractions, proportions, and buying and selling stock. 
Document 791. 

1616. Potter's receipt book. 1815-17. 
1 microfilm reel. 

The potter who compiled this receipt book is not identified, though evi- 
dence suggests that he may have been from Dillwyn, England. 
Manuscript contains formulas for producing glassware, ceramic bodies, 
and glazes. 

Doivm Collection ami Archives 421 

Original manuscript located at the Victoria and Albert Museum. 
Microfilm M1414. 

1617. Poundkeeper's record book and diary. 1855-76, 1897-98. 
1 vol.; 22 cm. 

The poundkeeper's records were probably kept by Charles H. Washburn 
and Osgood Robertson. The name of the diarist is unknown, though she is 
known to have resided in Otisfield, Maine. 

The poundkeeper's part of this manuscript, kept from 1855 to 1876, con- 
sists of a series of agreements for keeping horses, cattle, and sheep. The di- 
ary, kept from 1897 to 1898, records a woman's household tasks, domestic 
purchases, information about the education of her children, family health, a 
description of a blizzard in 1898, and other personal notations. 
Document 508. 

1618. Powel family. 
Business papers. 1724-78. 
33 items. 

Members of the Powel family were Quaker merchants and shippers from 
Philadelphia. Samuel Powel and his son, also named Samuel, were in- 
volved in trade with other mercantile firms in Europe and the West Indies. 
Both men died in the late 1750s and passed on a sizable fortune to Samuel 
Powel 111. Samuel 111 managed the family investments, served as Philadel- 
phia's last colonial mayor, and was active in political and civic affairs until 
his death in 1793. 

Includes manuscripts relating to the affairs of the ship Tryall, business let- 
ters, an invoice book recording goods bought in London in 1724 and 1725, 
a daybook dating from 1735 to 1739 listing transactions relating to a range 
of household products and personal goods, a receipt book documenting 
day labor performed for Samuel III, and some legal documents. 
Invoice book contains name index. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 232. 

1619. Powell, Stephen, d. 1844. 

Account books. 1800-ca. 1809, 1839-86. 

Stephen Powell was a tailor in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. It appears 
that he lived in Tyringham and later in New Marlborough, Massachusetts. 
Powell cut various patterns and made a number of garments, including 
coats, pantaloons, vests, sailor's jackets, great coats, overalls, flannel draw- 
ers, and woolen shirts. Powell also made alterations to clothes and sold 
sewing supplies. Another Stephen Powell, presumably a son, used the sec- 
ond volume to record his lumbering activities. 
Folio 50. 

422 Guide to the Winterthur Library 

1620. Powers, Hiram, 1805-73. 
Papers. Ca. 1855-1869. 
12 items: ill.; 26 cm. 

Sculptor Hiram Powers was born in Vermont and spent his early youth in 
Ohio. He first sculpted out of wax while an employee of Dorfeuille's West- 
ern Museum in Cincinnati. Powers moved to Washington in 1834 after se- 
curing the patronage of Nicholas Longworth. In 1837 he and his family re- 
located to Europe. Powers spent the rest of his life in Florence, Italy. 
Papers include correspondence and photographs of Powers and his works 
dating from his years in Florence. 
Collection 400. 

1621. Powers, N. C. 
Letters. 1910-17. 

19 items: ill. (some col.) 

N. C. Powers lived in White River Junction, Vermont. 
Letters contain orders for household goods placed by N. C. Powers and ad- 
vertisements for new items available for sale. Bookcases, toilets, swings, 
camping furniture, wallpaper, desks, upholstered furniture, mattresses, 
mirrors, and lamps are mentioned. All of the letters feature illustrative 
vignettes. The firms represented in the letters were based in Boston, New 
York, and Chicago. 
Collection 435. 

1622. Pratt, Hannah. 
Copybook. 1740, 1752. 
1 vol.; 23 cm. 

Book contains sample letters bearing the date 1740, including a letter from 
a nobleman to a schoolmaster (with a reply), sympathy letters, a letter to a 
king, etc. Some poems are recorded as well. The volume bears a Dutch ex- 
cise stamp. 
Document 606. 

1623. Pratt, Thomas. 
Account book. 1730-68. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Thomas Pratt was a chairmaker in Maiden, Massachusetts. His wife was 

Lydia Lyndie. 

Book records Pratt's chairmaking and woodworking activities. He engaged 

in fixing handles on tools, repairing plows, mending wheels, and fixing 

wiring carriers to make spinning wheels work. There are also references to 


Document 917. 

1624. Pratt & Allen. 
Daybook. 1831-40. 

Dozms Collect ion and Archives 423 

1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Pratt & Allen were shoemakers from Boston. 

This volume records Pratt & Allen's activities making and mending shoes 

for the year 1831. The majority of the book, however, contains diary entries 

and recipes for medicines. 

Document 494. 

1625. Pratt family 

Papers. 1835-1975, bulk 1835-^5. 
76 items. 

Papers relate to James Pratt (1810-65) and members of his family. Pratt 
lived in Springfield, Maine, and later moved to Skowhegan. He was a car- 
penter and self-proclaimed "peacekeeper." 

Collection includes bills and receipts relating to household purchases, 
Pratt's carpentry records, papers referring to Pratt's work as a peacekeeper, 
several deeds for property in Somerset County, Maine, letters — principally 
from Pratt's two sons, Henry and Charles — about family matters, and a 
few miscellaneous manuscripts, including a family register on a lithograph 
by Nathaniel Currier. 
Collection 314. 

1626. Praul, David C. 

Account book. 1851-56, 1885-1902. 
1 vol.; 39 cm. 

Volume was first used by William Praul, a worker on a road crew in Bucks 
County, Pennsylvania. It was later used by David C. Praul, a watchmaker. 
Manuscript reflects both men's personal and professional expenses. Wil- 
liam's section contains household accounts; David's section records his 
work wiring barns and working on telephones, in addition to his watch- 
making activities. 

Partial name index at front of volume. 
Folio 224. 

1627. Prentiss, Caleb. 
Exercise book. 1803. 

I vol.; 34 cm. 

Contains arithmetic problems, many of which relate to the calculation of 
prices and discounts. Word problems provide examples of barter. 
Document 793. 

1628. Prescott, B. Taylor. 

Interiors of a house built in 1692. Ca. 1890s. 

II p.: ill.; 13 X 18 cm. 

B. Taylor Prescott lived in Pennsylvania on an estate that he called Rollins 

424 Guide to the Winterthiir Library 

Eleven photographs depict interiors of a Pennsylvania farmhouse taken in 
the 1890s. Depictions feature both furnishings and architectural elements. 
Views of the parlor, the dining room, the kitchen, the library, and bed- 
rooms are all included. 
Document 857. 

1629. Presidential flashcards. 
20 cards: ill.; 12 cm. 

Flashcards contain black and white portraits of the first twenty United 
States presidents. Each card lists the birthdate, birthplace, and date of 
death for each president. J. H. Bufford printed the cards and the A. B. 
Chase Art Gallery of Narwalk, Ohio, used them for advertising purposes. 
Collection 220. 

1630. Preston, William B. 
Correspondence. 1833-34. 
25 items. 

William B. Preston was the postmaster for Menallen, Pennsylvania, in 1833. 
He studied for the bar and moved to Baltimore in 1834. 
Preston was the recipient of all of the letters in the collection. Several relate 
to post office business. Others refer to contemporary American political 
matters, canals, farms, and the landscapes of Pennsylvania and Ohio. 
Document 317. 

1631. Prevost, Augustine, ca. 1725-86. 
Journal. 1774. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Augustine Prevost was the Governor pro tempore of the colony of Pennsyl- 

Journal is a record of a four-month trip that Prevost made to Pennsylvania 
to recruit men for the First Battalion of the Royal Americans and to see 
George Croghan about Croghan's real estate interests. Prevost met with lit- 
tle success in either endeavor. 

Further discussed on page 116 of ^4 Guide to Mmmscripts Relating to Awerica 
in Great Britain and Ireland, edited by John W. Raimo (Westport, Conn.: 
Meckler Books, 1979). 

Original manuscript located at the London Library, England. 
Microfilm M739. 

1632. Price, Henry Edward, 1824-1908? 
Diary 1832-1908. 

Henry Edward Price was an inmate of the workhouse at Warminster, Wilt- 
shire. In May 1842, he was sent to the United States under the poor law 
emigration scheme. He returned to England in 1848 and, two years later, 
began a career as a furnituremaker in Islington. 

Doums CoUection ami Archives 425 

Written some years after the events occurred, Price discusses his voyage to 
America and his employment in New York City as a varnisher, polisher, 
and furnituremaker. He also recorded his observations of the installation of 
the telegraph in New York, P. T. Barnum, racial segregation, and mesmer- 

Further discussed on page 114 of /4 Guide to Manuscripts Relating to America 
in Great Britain and Ireland, edited by John W. Raimo (Westport, Conn.: 
Meckler Books, 1979). 

Original located at the Islington Central Library, London. 
Microfilm M734. 

1633. Price, Margaret L. 

Album of tatting instructions. 1904. 
1 vol.; 22 cm. 

Contains fourteen samples of tatting and handwritten instructions for mak- 
ing each type. Most are examples for edges and insertions. A few include 
specific designations, either for a towel, collar, or bag. 
Document 832. 

1634. Prickett, Mrs. William S. 
Postcard album. 1906-56. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 28 cm. 

Mrs. William S. Prickett lived in Wilmington, Delaware. 

Volume contains ninety postcards depicting views in Europe, Canada, and 

the eastern United States. Some have been hand colored. 

Folio 84. 

1635. Prier, Hiram. 

Daybook. \842-A7, 1860-61. 
107 p.; 19 cm. 

Hiram Prier made boots and lived on a farm near Brookfield, Massachu- 

Manuscript records the daily activities of a bootmaker, shoe repairman, and 
farm laborer. 
Document 438. 

1636. Prime, Phoebe Phillips. 
Scrapbooks and card files. 1917-60. 
25 vols. + 20,000 cards: ill. 

Phoebe Phillips Prime was an expert on early silver objects. She continued 
the work of her late husband, Alfred Coxe Prime, who died in 1926, by as- 
sembling information on eighteenth-century artisans. Prime wrote Three 
Centuries of Historic Silver (Philadelphia: Society of the Colonial Dames of 
America, 1938). 

Volumes in collection contain clippings from newspapers and magazines, 
antique dealers' advertisements, illustrations of art objects, and a few 

426 Guide to the Wiiitcrthnr Libran/ 

exhibition catalogues. There are a number of volumes related to furniture, 
china, glass, and silver. Another album records marks of American silver- 
smiths. Still another contains photographs of trade cards and newspaper 
advertisements by eighteenth-century American artisans. 
Card files record information culled from city directories on eighteenth- 
century Philadelphia craftspeople and material on New England and Mid- 
dle Atlantic artisans taken from newspapers dated from 1730 to 1800. 
Various indexes available. 

Card files located in the Decorative Arts Photographic Collection. 
Collection 187. 

1637. Printed bills collection. 1727-1927. 
4 boxes. 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains more than sixteen hun- 
dred printed bills and billheads representing a wide variety of products re- 
lated to household activities and products. Bills refer to house furnishings, 
toys, games, jewelry, gas appliances, hardware, clothing, and soap. Most 
bills are from the eastern United States; a few are from Europe. 
A listing of firms, addresses, dates, printers, buyers, subjects, and descrip- 
tions of items bought is available. 
Collection 71. 

1638. Printed challis sample book. Ca. 1830-50. 
80 p.; 22 X 29 cm. 

Consists of 304 colorful swatches of challis, a soft wool or wool-cotton 
cloth, in varying sizes (the largest is 25 by 18 cm). A printed label from a 
French papermaker and bookbinder is pasted in. 
Collection 50. 

1639. Prize Churn Co. 
Account book. 1869-71. 
80 p.; 35 X 10 cm. 

The Prize Churn Co. made and marketed churns in Maine, perhaps Bath. 
They sold to wholesalers and operated a retail shop. The company either 
changed its name or was bought out by Mayers, Sanford & Co. 
Volume includes expenses incurred from operation of the shop, costs of 
materials for making churns, amounts paid in wages, the number of churns 
sold and the names of buyers, and how churns were paid for. 
Document 237. 

1640. Proctor, Leonard. 

Ledger and daybook. 1834-65. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Leonard Proctor sold and perhaps made furniture in Hartwick, New York, 

for more than thirty years. 

Accounts relate to Proctor's furniture business. 

Dozms CoUectio)! and Archives 427 

Name index available. 

Original manuscripts located at the New York Historical Association. 

Microfilm M665. 

1641. Programs. 1821-1957. 
1 box: ill. 

This artificial (and still open) collecfion contains programs for such events 
as orations, operas, award ceremonies, plays, dances, pageants, and com- 
mencements. Also included are dance cards. 
Collection 473. 

1642. Proud, Daniel. 
Daybook. 1813-34. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Daniel Proud was a fumituremaker in Providence, Rhode Island. 

Accounts in Proud's daybook detail the daily transactions relating to his 

furnituremaking business. 

Original manuscript located at the library of the Rhode Island Historical 


Microfilm M2858.10. 

1643. Proud, William. 
Ledger. 1782-1825. 

2 microfilm reels. 

William Proud was a fumituremaker in Providence, Rhode Island. 
Accounts in Proud's ledger detail the transactions relating to his furniture- 
making business. 

Original manuscript located at the library of the Rhode Island Historical 
Microfilm M2856, 

1644. Pudetor, Jacob. 
Account book. 1677-87. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Jacob Pudetor was a blacksmith in Salem, Massachusetts. 
Accounts in this volume relate to Pudetor's professional and household ex- 
penses. He menfions the purchase of metals, food, hardware, agricultural 
implements, and texfiles tools. 

Original manuscript located at the Essex Institute Library. 
Microfilm M2027.3. 

1645. Pumphrey, Newton B. 
Daybook. 1889-93. 

1 vol.; 32 cm. 

Newton B. Pumphrey was a tinsmith in Sublette, Illinois. 

428 Guide to the Wiiitertluir Library 

Manuscript records the variety of tin objects that Pumphrey made and re- 
paired, including pots, dippers, pails, washers, boilers, and stove pipe. 
Daybook entries note dates of transactions, names of customers, prices, and 
brief descriptions of work performed. 
Document 865. 

1646. Pusey, Edward. 
Autograph album. 1845-47. 
1 vol.; 14 cm. 

Edward Pusey, a resident of Wilmington, Delaware, attended Prospect Hill 
Boarding School. 

Contains "a list of names and places of residence of the students of Pros- 
pect Hill B.S. during the summer of 1845" and during the winter of 1846/ 
47. Entries are written in a number of hands, probably those of Pusey's 
Document 801. 

1647. Putnam, Helen M. 
Copybook. 1854. 

1 vol.; 22 cm. 

Consists of student handwriting exercises in a volume called "Pictorial 

Writing Book." The front cover features an illustration of a parrotlike bird 

and the back cover features a picture of a lynx. 

Document 819. 

1648. Quandt, Russell J., 1919-70. 
Papers. Ca. 1940-70. 

32 boxes. 

Russell J. Quandt was a painting conservator who worked for both private 
collectors and institutions. He began his training with Caroline Keck dur- 
ing the late 1940s. He concentrated on treating American works, especially 
those of the Hudson River School and the primitives. 

Collection contains treatment reports, correspondence with other conserva- 
tors, technical data, and photographs and negatives of many of the paint- 
ings Quandt treated. The photos often record the item before, during, and 
after treatment. 
Folder title listing available. 
Collection 59. 

1649. Quilt designs. Ca. 1894-1910. 
1 vol.: ill.; 13 cm. 

Volume is a scrapbook containing quilt block designs primarily in the form 
of newspaper and magazine clippings. Titles of designs include Columbia, 
Log Cabin, Bride's Knot, Lost Ship Pattern, Uncle Sam's favorite, and Star 
of Texas. 
Document 440. 

Downs Collection and Archwes 429 

1650. Quincy, Edmund, 1627-98. 

Account book and diary. 1663-1750s, bulk 1663-93. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Edmund Quincy was an early settler of Massachusetts. He arrived with his 
family in 1633. His first wife, Joanna Hoar, died in 1680, and he soon re- 
married Mrs. Elizabeth Gookin Eliot. One of their children, also named Ed- 
mund (1681-1737), graduated from Harvard, became a judge, served in a 
local regiment, and died in London while serving on a commission to de- 
termine the boundary between Massachusetts and New Hampshire. 
Manuscript, most of which is written in the hand of Edmund Quincy, re- 
cords the family's financial transactions. Later entries were written by 
Quincy's son, Edmund, who recorded family genealogy. 
Microfilm M88. 

1651. Quincy, Sarah A. 
Travel diary. 1858. 
9 p.; 18 cm. 

Nothing is known of Sarah A. Quincy beyond what is revealed in this 
travel account. It chronicles her three-week journey through Portland, 
Maine, to Canada, Niagara Falls, Ohio, Kentucky, West Virginia, Washing- 
ton, D.C., Pennsylvania, New York, and back to New England. She com- 
mented about several places: the falls at Niagara, high mass at a Montreal 
cathedral, the White House and other government sites in Washington, 
New York's Central Park, and a Quaker meeting in Philadelphia. 
Document 1027. 

1652. R. Hoe & Co. 
Papers. 1856-62. 
1 folder. 

R. Hoe & Co. were machinists, pressmakers, and sawmakers who operated 
in both New York City and Boston.. 

Collection includes letters and receipts that document interactions between 
the firm and its customers. Most letters concern orders, shipping, and pay- 
ments. Goods mentioned include saws, gunning or riffling machines, ham- 
mers, springs, and planers. 
Collection 468. 

1653. Rahm & Baum. 
Ledger. 1791-96. 
459 p.; 42 cm. 

Michael Rahm and John Baum operated a general store in the borough of 
Hummelstown, Pennsylvania, beginning around 1790. Rahm also operated 
a hotel. 

Ledger records the debits and credits accrued in the general store and in- 
cludes records of sales for the wide variety of commodities that Rahm & 
Baum carried. 

430 Guide to the Winterthiir Library 

Name index available. 
Folio 21. 

1654. Ramsey, Alexander. 
Receipt book. 1800-1818. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Alexander Ramsey worked in the construction business in Philadelphia. 

Consists chiefly of building accounts for construction materials used to 

erect private dwellings. 

Brief name list available. 

Original manuscript in private hands at time of filming. 

Microfilm M882. 

1655. Ranck, Peter, 1770-1851. 
Account book. 1794-1817. 
122 p.: ill.; 28 cm. 

Peter Ranck was a joiner, furnituremaker, and innkeeper from Jonestown, 
Pennsylvania. One of Ranck's sons, Peter Jr, became a furnituremaker as 

Manuscript records Peter Ranck's early work as a joiner, his furniture- 
making activities, and some information about his innkeeping. Included 
are references to case furniture, tables, corner cabinets, and other furniture 
forms, and detailed sketches of designs that Ranck presumably executed. 
Volume contains entries written in English and German. For a complete 
English version, see "The Account Books of Two Pennsylvania German 
Furniture makers," by Alan Keyser and others (Kutztown, Pa.: The Penn- 
sylvania German Society, 1978). 
Document 708. 

1656. Randall, William A. 
Bills. 1839-56. 

7 items; 24 cm. 

William A. Randall was from Boston. 

Bills record the purchases of furniture, glassware, porcelain, pottery, pots 

and pans, and textiles. Quantities and types of items purchased (such as 64 

yards of sheeting, 10 fancy tea sets, 6 creamers, etc.) suggest that he may 

have kept boarders. 

Document 1018. 

1657. Randolph, Benjamin, 17307-90. 
Account book. 1763-87. 

1 box -f- 2 microfilm reels. 

Benjamin Randolph was a leading colonial furnituremaker, gilder, and 
carver. He was born in Monmouth County, New Jersey, and, by the time 
his career had begun, was a resident of Philadelphia. Operating from his 
Chestnut Street shop, the Golden Eagle, Randolph produced many kinds of 

Downs CoUectkm and Archives 431 

furniture. Among his customers were many prominent Philadelphia resi- 
dents. He retired in 1782, reluming to live near Burlington, New Jersey, un- 
til his death. 

Collection includes a receipt book (both in manuscript form and micro- 
filmed) used from 1763 to 1777, an account book (microfilmed) kept from 
1767 to 1787, and two bills, all relating Randolph's business and household 
finances. In addition there are letters and orders relating to Randolph's in- 
terest in the iron furnace located at Speedwell, New Jersey. 
Name indexes available. 

Original account book located at the New York Public Library. 
Collection 337; Microfilm M7, M1406. 

1658. Randolph, R. 

Sundry memos of R. Randolph, Esq. 1835-37. 
17 p.; 16 cm. 

R. Randolph traveled through Europe, Asia, and Africa with a Mr. and 
Mrs. R. H. Haight and their servants. 

Information in this manuscript includes a list of cities that Randolph vis- 
ited and a record of money that he spent. Among the countries Randolph 
and his companions visited were Germany, Sweden, Russia, Egypt, Syria, 
France, and England. While much of Randolph's expenses were for accom- 
modations and personal items, he included a number of entries recording 
other purchases for such items as engravings, lithographs, clocks, and 
Document 775. 

1659. A random sample of Kent County, Delaware, estate inventories. 1727-75. 
2 microfilm reels. 

These 214 inventories were selected at random from the probate files in the 

Delaware State Archives as a cross section of estates settled in colonial 

Kent County. 

Typed version also available. 

Microfilm M2835-M2836. 

1660. Raphael, 1483-1520. 

Album of 25 drawings. Ca. 1510. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Raphael (Raffael Santi) was a Renaissance Italian painter, architect, and 

Drawings, mostly of unidentified buildings and antique statues, were pur- 
chased in Rome by Thomas Coke, first earl of Leicester, in 1716. 
Discussed in Raphael d'Urbin et son pdre, Giovanni Santi, by J. D. Passavant, 
volume 2, pages 517-522. 

Drawings owned by the current earl of Leicester at time of filming. 
Microfilm M846. 

432 Guide lo the Wintertlitir Librnty 

1661. Rappe family. 

Recipe book. Ca. 1810-40. 
1 vol.; 23 cm. 

Andrew S. Rappe's family emigrated from France to America in 1808 and 
settled in Canton, Ohio. This volume is attributed to a Grandmother 
Rappe, perhaps Andrew's wife. 

Consists of recipes for food, medicine, and household concoctions, includ- 
ing soap, pastries, puddings, sweets, and fabric dyes. There are instructions 
for mending china, preparing wine, and varnishing furniture to resemble a 
mahogany finish. 

Caption title: Various Recipes, 1830. 
Document 512. 

1662. Rauch, John. 

Receipts on dyeing. 1815-17. 
74 p.; 31 cm. 

John Rauch was an industrial dyer. During his career he worked in Swit- 
zerland, France, Germany, and America. He invented a substitute for 
woad, a European herb used to create blue dyes. 

William Pierpont II printed most of Rauch's recipes in Receipts o» Di/eing: a 
Series of Letters to a Friend . . . , first published in 1815. Manuscript includes 
sixty-four letters detailing the production of commercial dyes for use with 
wool and cotton and contains the letter describing the substitute for woad. 
This letter was omitted from the printed version. 
Document 308. 

1663. Rawson, John. 
Price list. Ca. 1830s. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

John Rawson was a dealer of metalwares in Skipton, England. 
List records prices for a variety of metal objects sold by Rawson: copper 
saucepans, iron drip pans, glass "lanthorns," and candlesticks. 
Document 921 . 

1664. Raymond, Percy Edward, 1879-1952. 
Research papers. 1905-52. 

6 boxes + 7 vols.: ill. 

Percy Edward Raymond graduated from Cornell in 1902. From 1904 to 
1910, he served as assistant curator in charge of invertebrate paleontology 
at the Carnegie Museum in Pittsburgh. By 1929 he was a full professor at 
Harvard. He wrote many articles on paleontology, stratigraphy, and sedi- 
mentation. Raymond studied pewter in his spare time. He was instrumen- 
tal in founding the Pewter Club of America. 

Collection deals with all aspects of pewter and its makers. Included are re- 
search notes, drafts of many of Raymond's talks and articles, correspon- 
dence, clippings, and photographs. 

Downs Collection and Archives 433 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 63. 

1665. Read, John, 1769-1854. 
Account book. 1799-1801, 1805-11. 
1 vol.; 39 cm. 

John Read was a lawyer, financier, and philanthropist from Philadelphia. 
He graduated from the College of New Jersey, now Princeton, in 1787 and 
then studied law in his father's office in New Castle, Delaware. Read was 
admitted to the bar in 1791. From 1794 to 1809, he served as Agent General 
of the United States. A Federalist, Read held a number of elective offices. 
From 1819 to 1841, he was president of the Philadelphia Bank. He also 
served a number of corporations in various capacities. 
Read used the first part of his manuscript to record his official accounts as 
Agent General from 1799 to 1801. The second part of the manuscript, kept 
from 1805 to 1811, contains personal accounts and household expenses. 
Name index available. 
Folio 236. 

1666. Read, Thomas Buchanan, 1822-72. 
Letters. 1849-69. 

25 items + 1 microfilm reel. 

Thomas Buchanan Read was a portraitist, historical painter, and poet. Born 
in Chester County, Pennsylvania, Read was apprenticed to a tailor in 1835. 
He soon ran away, first to Philadelphia and then to Cincinnati, and became 
a ship and sign painter. In 1840, after having developed his talents as an 
artist. Read received a commission to paint a portrait of William Henry 
Harrison. One year later, he moved to Boston, where he befriended Wash- 
ington Allston and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Read then lived in 
Philadelphia, and in 1850 he took his first of many trips to Europe. Read 
was active for the Union cause during the Civil War. After the war, he re- 
sided mainly in Italy. 

Letters on microfilm concern exhibitions, prices for artwork, and other 
business matters. Original manuscripts are letters from Read to Philadel- 
phia art collector and patron James Claghorn, written between 1853 and 
1855, that document his life as an artist in Florence, Italy. Some of these 
letters refer to his work as a poet. 

Microfilm versions of manuscripts located at the Henry E. Huntington Li- 
brary and Art Gallery. 
Collection 452; Microfilm M1955. 

1667. Read family. 
Account book. 1828-31. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

The Read family lived in Trenton, New Jersey. 

434 Guide to the Wiiiterlhur Library 

Manuscript records household expenses and documents the purchase of 
such domestic items as groceries, a tea set, plates, chintz, and lace. Some 
entries feature detailed descriptions of items that decorated the Read home. 
Document 930. 

1668. Real estate records. 1659-1865. 
Approx. 270 items. 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains deeds, leases, mortgages, 
and bills of sale for real estate. Most of the material relates to property lo- 
cated in New England and the Mid-Atlantic states. Of particular note is a 
group of seventy-five deeds and bills of sale from Washington, D.C., dating 
from 1810 to 1865. Many items in this collection also include lists of per- 
sonal property. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 292. 

1669. Reaney, William B. 
Engineering drawings. 1875, 1877. 
20 items: col. ill. 

William B. Reaney was an engineer and architect in Philadelphia. 
Includes drawings for the Canton, Maryland, grain elevator and for the 
Northern Central Railway of Pennsylvania. Plans, sections, elevations, and 
details are drawn to scale. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 349. 

1670. Receipts. 1725-1897. 
1 box. 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains receipts for household 
products and personal items. Such things as house furnishings, clothing, 
pottery, textiles, and food are mentioned. A vast majority of the receipts 
date from the nineteenth century. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 149. 

1671. Recipe book. Ca. 1750-1830. 
10 leaves; 20 cm. 

Evidence suggests that the unnamed woman who maintained this volume 
may have been part of the Pennsylvania German community. 
Book contains instructions for making baked goods and medicinal 
Document 1020. 

1672. Recipe book. Ca. 1790s. 
1 vol.; 17 cm. 

Dozens Collection ami Archwes 435 

Contains recipes for making such things as gold powder, red seaHng wax, 
and adhesive cement; instructions for repairing broken china, removing 
spots from fabric, and engraving on ceramic items; and directions for stain- 
ing to imitate tortoise shell. 
Document 320. 

1673. Recipe book. Ca. 1790-1810. 
18 p.; 17 cm. 

Contains recipes for cakes, macaroons, gingerbread, puff paste, tart paste, 
buns, biscuits, jellies, custard, and wines. 
Document 797. 

1674. Recipe book. Ca. 1820. 
1 vol.; 18 cm. 

Includes handwritten recipes for such foods as puddings, breads, biscuits, 
muffins, pies, jelly, syrup, and wines. Also included are remedies for ill- 
nesses and notes for making paint, ink, and fabric dye. 
Document 270. 

1675. Recipe book. Ca. 1820-40. 
1 vol.; 18 cm. 

Consists of recipes for producing a variety of dyes and directions for mak- 
ing cleaning agents and medicines. 
Document 797. 

1676. Recipe book. Ca. 1820-70. 
1 vol.; 17 cm. 

Kept by either a doctor or druggist, this book contains recipes to treat a 
wide range of ailments, including pain in the breast, nervous irritability 
with wandering pains, congestion, and cuts and wounds. In addition, there 
are instructions for making such things as cheek rouge and shoe blacken- 
ing paste. 

Text partially written in German. 
Document 756. 

1677. Recipe book. Ca. 1830-39. 
1 vol.; 18 cm. 

Inscribed "From Old Lane House (John Norton House) attic, Hingham, 
Ma.," this slim volume contains recipes for breads, cakes, cookies, pud- 
dings, pies, and meats. 
Document 701. 

1678. Recipe book. Ca. 1850-90. 
1 vol.; 13 cm. 

Includes recipes for cakes, cookies, meat pies, puddings, and wine jelly. 
Document 858. 

436 Guide to the Winlertliur Library 

1679. Recipe book. Ca. 1860. 
22 p.; 20 cm. 

Includes recipes for cakes, cake filling, frosting, pudding, and preserves. 
Document 902. 

1680. Recipe book. Ca. 1860s. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Volume includes handwritten recipes for cookies, cakes, candy, doughnuts, 
puddings, pickles, and preserves. There are also medical remedies for such 
maladies as bloody noses, cancer, and snake bites. The volume contains in- 
structions for dyeing fabric and other household hints. 
Document 416. 

1681. Recipe book. Ca. 1875. 
1 vol.; 15 cm. 

Consists of manuscript recipes for such foods as snow pudding, baked 
bean soup, coffee jelly, bird's nest toast, milk bread, boiled salad dressing, 
spiced fish, and Boston cookies. 
Document 265. 

1682. Recipe book. Ca. 1880s. 
48 p.; 20 cm. 

Contains manuscript and printed instructions for cooking food, creating 
medicinal cures, and managing a household. Recipes are primarily for des- 
serts. There are directions for curing hams and for making candles, canvas, 
paint, wool dye, and furniture polish. A cure for cancer and a recipe for an 
eyewash are also included. 
Document 973. 

1683. Recipe book. Ca. 1900-1949. 
1 vol.; 18x 11 cm. 

Consists of recipes for food and medicine and household hints. Includes di- 
rections for relieving dyspepsia, making plaster, mixing cheap paint for 
floors, cleaning carpets, and preparing puddings, breads, biscuits, fritters, 
and jelly rolls. 
Document 538. 

1684. Recipe booklet. Ca. 1820s. 
16 p.; 16 cm. 

Contains medical and veterinary cures as well as instructions for cleaning 
wool and directions for making applesauce. 
Document 838. 

1685. Recipes. Ca. 1750-1900. 
Approx. 50 items. 

Dmvns Collection and Archives 437 

This artificial (and still open) collection consists of miscellaneous manu- 
script and printed recipes for food, household products, and medicines as 
well as directions for dyeing, varnishing, painting, and making glue. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 323. 

1686. Recipes and menus. 1822-29. 
1 vol.; 23 cm. 

Includes cooking recipes, advice on medical cures, and directions for mak- 
ing a shirt. The manuscript is of English origin. 
Document 390. 

1687. Record book of justices of the peace. 1807-63. 
5 vols. 

This artificial collection consists of five record books documenting legal 
matters handled by justices of the peace in southeastern Pennsylvania. 
Such matters as summonses, disputes between parties, dockets, and pleas 
as well as abstracts of cases are represented. Includes records from Bethel 
Township, Earl Township, Fredericksburg, Womelsdorf, and Myerstown. 
Index available. 
Collection 303. 

1688. Records concerning ships sailing from Salem and Boston, Massachusetts to 
China. 1784-1823. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Includes miscellaneous letters, invoices, cargo lists, bills of lading, and 
other documents referring to ships sailing to China; letters from an Ameri- 
can consul in China; and an account of a trip to Canton by someone named 
Charles Frederick Waldo. 
Summary available. 

Original materials located at the Peabody Museum and Essex Institute. 
Microfilm Ml 08. 

1689. Records of a Boston fire. 1760. 
1 microfilm reel. 

The fire occurred in Boston on March 20, 1760. 

Records include inventories of losses, a list of taxes paid by individuals 
who suffered losses, a list of contributors to a relief fund, and a list of peo- 
ple who incurred losses with their compensation. 
Name index available. 

Original materials located at the Boston Public Library. 
Microfilm M298. 

1690. Records of indentures and marriages. 1800-1806. 
1 microfilm reel. 

438 Guide to the Wiiiterlhur Library 

Includes lists of people bound as apprentices and marriage records for resi- 
dents of Philadelphia. 

Mentioned in Guide to the Municipal Archives of the City mid County of Phila- 
delphia, published in 1957. 
See entry number 275. 

Original records located at the Department of Records of the City of Phila- 
Microfilm M308. 

1691. Records of the six Concord-Lexington towns. 1685-1830. 
20 microfilm records. 

The towns represented in this collection, all located to the west of Boston, 
are Acton, Bedford, Carlisle, Concord, Lexington, and Lincoln. 
Included are records of taxes and assessments, selectmen and town meet- 
ings, committee reports, constables' warrants, records of poor houses, peti- 
tions, proprietors, and highways. Vital records already in letterpress have 
not been included on these microfilms. 

Constitutes part of a larger series called Early Massachusetts Records, avail- 
able through a commercial vendor. 
Microfilm M1535-M1554. 

1692. Redfield, Daniel S. 
Account book. 1829-44. 
1 vol.; 19 cm. 

Daniel S. Redfield was a cabinetmaker in Guilford, Connecticut, who also 
briefly maintained a store. 

Volume records what Redfield made, repaired, and sold, including a 
clotheshorse, desks, coffins, tables, bedsteads, chairs, windows, and cup- 
boards. He maintained accounts with Samuel Weld for shoemaking and re- 
Document 352. 

1693. Redman, Ralph W. 
Autograph album. 1876-80. 
52 leaves: col. ill.; 20 cm. 

Ralph W. Redman received this volume from his grandfather, G. T. Gilkey. 

Because the autographs note locations of either Bucksport or Islesboro, 

Redman probably lived in Maine. 

Inscriptions express sentiments of friendship and sadness at parting. They 

appear on blank interleaved pages of Happy Child Life in Pictures, by Oscar 

Pletsch (London: George Routledge and Sons, 1875). 

Document 37. 

1694. Reed, Ann Eliza, 1824-1903. 
Papers. 1821-94. 

33 items: ill. (some col.) 

Dmi'iis Callection ami Archives 439 

Ann Eliza Reed's father. Rev. Eliphalet Reed, was an itinerant preacher in 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. She graduated from the Wesleyan Female 
Collegiate Institute in Wilmington, Delaware, in 1841. One year later she 
married Dr. Robert Bowes, who died in a horse and buggy accident twenty 
years after that. The Boweses had no children. 

Most of this collection consists of drawings and watercolors that Reed 
made as a student in the Wesleyan Institute. The collection also contains 
her diploma, magazine and newspaper cutouts, a copy of a temperance 
newspaper, and other miscellaneous items. 
Collection 148. 

1695. Reed, J. Harris, former owner. 

The Massachusetts register, 1799. 1873? 

1 vol.; 14 cm. 

Consists of a printed book. The Massachusetts Register, with handwritten 
notes at the back of the volume. Annotations record the arrivals and depar- 
tures of ships, the weather, and such activities as dining and sweeping the 
parlor and kitchen. The inscription "M. R Robinson, Boston, 1873," is writ- 
ten on the first page along with the note "bought of J. Harris Reed, Oct. 
Document 247. 

1696. Reed, William. 
Account book. 1803^5. 
84 p.; 33 cm. 

William Reed was a cabinet- and chairmaker from Hampden, Maine. 
Entries in Reed's account book document his professional activities making 
and repairing chairs, tables, looking glass frames, stands, plain and painted 
furniture, desks, and clocks. Most of his work was done in exchange for 
goods or services. Several food recipes are written in the back of the vol- 

Name index at front of volume. 
Document 363. 

1697. Registers. 1882-87. 

2 vols.; 36 cm. 

The doctor who maintained these registers, perhaps John Schoenfeld, 
treated patients from Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. 
Manuscripts contain patient records, including names, the medicines and 
doses prescribed, and costs of visits. 
Name indexes available. 
Folio 207. 

1698. Reifsnyder, Howard C, 1869-1928. 
Photograph album. Ca. 1920s. 

1 vol.: ill.; 42 x 30 cm. 

440 Guide to the Winterthur Librniy 

Howard C. Reifsnyder collected furniture over a thirty-year period and 
amassed a wide variety of Philadelphia-made pieces. His collection was 
auctioned in 1929. 

Album contains photographs of Reifsnyder's collection of colonial Ameri- 
can furniture and decorative art objects. 
Folio 87. 

1699. Remeniscenses of our trip to the Columbian Exposition from August 21/93 
to August 31/93. 1893. 

87 p.; 17 cm. 

The keeper of this diary was from Buffalo, New York. The diary frequently 
mentions the names Mary and Etta, who may have been relatives. 
Manuscript records the activities and impressions of a family during their 
ten-day visit to the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. Most entries 
are devoted to naming the various exhibitions they saw and commenting 
on the highlights of each. 
Document 280. 

1700. Remsen, John H. 
Daybook. 1793-96. 
266 p.; 21 cm. 

John H. Remsen was an attorney in New York City. He was appointed pri- 
vate secretary to Governor John Jay on July 6, 1795, and was involved with 
the New York Tontine Coffee House, forerunner of the New York Stock Ex- 

Daybook contains Remsen's business and personal financial accounts. He 
wrote letters of attorney; drew up deeds, bonds, and depositions; and ren- 
dered legal advice. Personal accounts include records for the purchase of 
clothing, books, hiring a dancing master, and lending money. 
Document 34. 

1701. Rensselaer Glass Factory. 
Accounts. 1803-36. 

1 microfilm reel. 

The Rensselaer Glass Factory was located in Rensselaer, New York. 

Collection includes an account book, kept from 1803 to 1832 by William 

Richmond, an employee of the firm, and additional accounts of glass made 

and sold at the factory from 1823 to 1836. 

Original manuscripts located at the New York Public Library. 

Microfilm M1362. 

1702. Repton, Humphry, 1752-1818. 

Plans, hints, and sketches for making pleasure-ground on the banks of the 
lake at Holkham. Ca. 1789. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Doums Collection and Archwes 441 

Humphry Repton was a well-known landscape painter and writer from 

Ireland. Holkham Hall was the country residence of the earl of Leicester, 

located in Norfolk, England. 

Included are building and landscape drawings and comments about the 

images written by Repton. 

Materials owned by the current earl of Leicester at the time of filming. 

Microfilm M846. 

1703. Revere, Paul, 1735-1818. 
Bookplate. Ca. 1764. 

1 item; 10 x 8 mm. 

Paul Revere was a silversmith and engraver from Boston and a well-known 
patriot of the American Revolution. 

Revere scholar Clarence S. Brigham describes this bookplate on page 111 of 
his Paul Revere's Engravings (Worcester, Ma.: The American Antiquarian So- 
ciety, 1954) as an "elaborate Chippendale style of mantling, scroll work, 
flowers, and motto ribbon," the coat of arms of David Green, "a Boston 
merchant who frequently bought silver from Revere." Pasted on detached 
front cover of John Potter, Archaeologia Graeca: Or, the Antiquities of Greece, 
8th edition, volume two (London: A. Wilde, 1764). 
Document 190. 

1704. Revere family. 
Papers. 1746-1964. 
15 microfilm reels. 

Collection includes personal and business papers of silversmith and en- 
graver Paul Revere, his family, and descendants. Papers include foundry 
and workshop records of the Revere firm. 

Finding aid available: Catalog Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Revere 
Family Papers, 1746-1964, published by the Massachusetts Historical Soci- 

Original papers located at the Massachusetts Historical Society. 
Microfilm M2837-M2851. 

1705. Reward of merit cards. Ca. 1807-99. 
Approx. 90 items: ill. (some col.) 

This artificial (and still open) collection consists of printed cards given by 
schoolteachers to students for excellence in studies, good behavior, and at- 
tendance. Most carry a moral or message, such as "diligence is the best 
guarantee of success." The larger, more brightly colored cards, which were 
produced later in the nineteenth century, often depict children at play and 
ornate floral designs. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 228. 

442 Guide to the Wintertlmr Library 

1706. Rex family. 
Daybooks. 1790-1829. 
49 vols.: ill.; 26 cm. 

Samuel, Abraham, and Franklin Rex lived in Heidelberg, Mount Pleasant, 
and Schaefferstown, Pennsylvania. Samuel and Abraham owned a general 
store together. 

Collection includes forty-four daybooks recording transactions at Samuel 
and Abraham Rex's general store; Samuel and Franklin Rex's exercise 
books for the study of accounting and bookkeeping; and a copybook. The 
general store sold such goods as earthenware, dry goods, glassware, to- 
bacco, spices, hardware, and clothing. 
Collection 417. 

1707. Reynolds, E. A. 
Account book. 1880-82. 
277 p.; 33 cm. 

E. A. Reynolds was a carriage repairman from Hamburg, Connecticut. 
Consists of debits and credits accrued by individuals for whom Reynolds 
performed repair work. Tasks mentioned include painting and varnishing 
carriages, repairing and replacing wheels, repairing iron work, fixing 
chairs, making bodies, welding, and trimming. 
Document 253. 

1708. Reynolds & Bigelow. 
Daybook. 1866-72. 

1 vol.; 40 cm. 

Reynolds & Bigelow was a carriagemaking firm in Hamburg, Connecticut. 
Volume records carriages made and repaired over a seven-year period. 
Work included repairing carts and baby carriages; fixing rims, spokes, and 
other wheel parts; lengthening axles; lowering dashes; adjusting seats; re- 
pairing ironwork; and painting and varnishing. 
Folio 260. 

1709. Ribbon sample book. 1800s. 
10 leaves: ill.; 22 cm. 

Consists of ribbon samples on ten panels that fold out accordion style. 
Geometric-shaped leaves and flowers are the most common ribbon designs. 
Each set of ribbons has samples in red and blue; other colors featured are 
lavender and gold. 
Collection 50. 

1710. Ribbon sample book. 1800s. 
74 leaves; 49 cm. 

Evidence suggests that this sample book was compiled by a large 
nineteenth-century French firm. 

Downs Collection and Archizvs 443 

Contains hundreds of samples of colorful silk fabric and ribbons ranging in 
size from 1x8 cm to 14 x 14 cm. The arrangement of the samples suggests 
that the book was either a sample book to show to prospective customers 
or a record of work completed by the maker. 
Collection 50. 

1711. Ribbon sample book. Ca. 1826-64. 
119 p.; 27 cm. 

Includes 345 samples of woven ribbons, each measuring 6.5 x 15.5 cm. 
They are thought to be the work of a firm based in Coventry, England, 
though notes on the first page read: "French. Reed, from Mr. Dresser, 10 
Sept. 1864, E.D." Below that: "James Dudden Dresser." And to the sides: 
"(Coventry)" and "From the firm Dresser in Coventry." Paper is water- 
marked 1826 by J. Green & Son, a Maidstone, Kent, England, papermaker. 
Collection 50. 

1712. Rice, Silas, 1749-1835. 
Instruction book. Ca. 1802-25. 
169 p.; 17 cm. 

Silas Rice worked as a silversmith in Lancaster, Massachusetts, from at 

least 1 777, when he placed an advertisement in the Massachusetts Spy, and 

in Worcester, Massachusetts, from roughly 1800 to 1835. 

Contains instructions for processes used to work with silver, gold, brass, 

and copper. Instructions for clockmaking, japanning, etching, marbling, 

polishing, plating, and making various colors and varnishes are included 

as well. 

Alphabetical index to processes and recipes available. 

Document 2. 

1713. Richards, G. E. 
Composition book. 1817-18. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 19 cm. 

Consists of compositions written by New Yorker G. E. Richards on such 
topics as piety, history, manners, war, novel reading, hope, and patriotism. 
The volume contains three Fraktur-style drawings. 
Document 826. 

1714. Richardson, Augustus. 
Daybook. 1837-47, 1854-57. 
1 vol.; 42 cm. 

Augustus Richardson was a shoemaker and leatherworker from Genesee 
Township, New York. 

Volume was used by Richardson to document his shoemaking activities 
and purchases made from 1837 to 1847. It was later used by an unidenti- 
fied medical practitioner to record his work, and, still later, by Philander D. 
Hawley as a scrapbook. Richardson records that, in addition to making 

444 Guitlc to the Wiiiterthtir Library 

shoes, he also made and repaired other leather products. The medical prac- 
titioner mentions visiting patients and dispensing medicine. For his scrap- 
book, Hawley pasted in clippings of historical events and depictions of 
United States presidents. 
Folio 97. 

1715. Richardson, Joseph R. 
Account book. 1855-70. 
80 p.; 39 cm. 

Joseph R. Richardson was a jeweler in Hamilton and, later, Lowell, Massa- 
chusetts. When he worked in Lowell, he was a partner in the firm of Rich- 
ardson & Bennett. 

Manuscript records the selling of different kinds of jewelry and watch 
parts: pins, watch keys, rings, lockets, chains, cameo pins, and buttons. 
Also noted are store expenses, rent charges, and items purchased. 
Folio 265. 

1716. Richardson family. 

Papers. 1673-1892, bulk 1680-1820. 
12 boxes. 

The family of Francis Richardson settled in Philadelphia in the late 1600s. 
Several family members became known for their silversmithing work, in- 
cluding Joseph (1711-84), Joseph Jr. (1752-1831), and Nathaniel (1754- 
1827). Joseph Gibbons Richardson (1836-86) was a prominent Philadelphia 
doctor. The Allen, Clark, Gibbons, Growder, Hoskins, Howell, Shippen, 
and Webb families were all related to the Richardsons. 
Collection includes items related to the silversmithing businesses as well as 
Richardson and allied family manuscript material. Included are Joseph 
Richardson's letter book, kept from 1758 to 1774, which discusses the silver- 
smithing trade; his account book, kept from 1743 to 1769, featuring entries 
recording products made in his shop; his estate inventory; and business let- 
ters. Family documents include legal papers, wills, marriage certificates, 
letters, bills, and receipts. The collection also contains Joseph Gibbons Rich- 
ardson's garden book, in which he records his vegetable and herb plant- 

Finding aid available. 

Originals of some of the microfilm holdings located at the Historical Soci- 
ety of Pennsylvania. 
Collection 536; Microfilm M4, M89, M208. 

1717. Riegel, Walter Scott. 
Papers. 1889-1932. 
29 items. 

Walter Scott Riegel grew up in Reading, Pennsylvania. He graduated from 
the University of Pennsylvania Medical College and established a practice 
in Philadelphia. He later specialized in life insurance examinations. 

Doimis Collection and Archives 445 

Papers include materials from Riegel's days as a medical student, including 
some lecture notes, his records of patient visits during some years of the 
1890s, a notebook recording treatments and therapies, and material un- 
related to his profession. 
Collection 179. 

1718. Riegel, William H. 
Exercise book. 1835, 1838-^0. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 33 cm. 

In this book, William H. Riegel, a resident of Lower Saucon Township, 
Pennsylvania, kept two sections of mathematical exercises. The first section, 
dating from 1835, includes rules and problems associated with simple 
arithmetic. The second section, kept from 1838 to 1840, records more com- 
plicated calculations related to proportions, roots, and interest. Headings of 
sections are written in colored inks, and there are decorative designs be- 
tween problems. 
Document 688. 

1719. Rigel, Antonius Pius, 1789-? 

Esquisse d'une maison de campagne .... Ca. 1820. 
4 leaves: col. ill.; 32 x 45 cm. 

A. P. Rigel (or Riegl) was an architect and engineer. Born in Rome, he be- 
gan his career as an associate of Carl von Auersperg. He designed houses 
in Vienna and Budapest for the nobility and is best known for his work on 
the Karolyi Palace in Budapest. 

Leaves contain drawings of floor plans and facades of a country seat de- 
signed for Count Antoine DeZasz. The structure, reflecting the neoclassic 
style of the early nineteenth century, was probably built in Hungary. The 
floor plan includes a central circular room, and the facade views show the 
front and rear of the house with trees on either side. 
Text in French. 
Folio 117. 

1720. Riggs & Brother. 

Records. 1902-37, bulk 1915 and 1831. 
4 cu. ft. 

This firm was established in 1818 by William H. C. Riggs, a clock- and 
watchmaker from Philadelphia. The business remained in the family for 
generations and eventually expanded to include repair work, supplying 
nautical paraphernalia and industrial timepieces, and retailing jewelry and 

Collection includes business correspondence, orders, invoices, bills, and re- 
ceipts both to and from Riggs & Brother. The firm's clients were not con- 
fined to the Philadelphia area and included various offices of the United 
States government. One inquiry came from the Imperial Russian Embassy 
in Washington, D.C. 

446 Guide to the Wintertliur Lihrnry 

Folder title listing available. 
Collection 13. 

1721. Risdon family. 
Papers. 1794-1920. 
Approx. 400 items: ill. 

The Risdons were early settlers of Burlington County, New Jersey. Samuel 
Risdon and Anna Elizabeth Nightingale were the progenitors of the family 
represented in this collection. One of their children, Isaac N., a tailor by 
trade, helped establish the Mount Holly Cemetery Company. One of Isaac's 
sons, Henry C, was a Civil War soldier and businessman in Mount Holly, 
New Jersey. 

The bulk of the collection pertains to the settlement of Isaac N. Risdon's 
estate. Other papers relate to Henry C. Risdon's military career and his 
connection with the Risdon Mutual Building and Loan Association. The 
collection also includes some portraits and other miscellaneous family pa- 

Finding aid available. 
Collection 256. 

1722. Ritter, Jacob, 1 784-? 
Autobiography. 1836. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Jacob Ritter worked as a supercargo and then as a shopkeeper in Philadel- 

Contains an account of Ritter's life as a seaman on voyages to such places 
as Batavia, St. Thomas, and the island of Bartholomew. His partnership, 
J. & A. Ritter, sold such products as books, quill pens, and pencils. 
Original manuscript in private hands at time of filming. 
Microfilm M302. 

1723. Roberts family. 

Household account books. 1848-90. 
8 vols. -I- 1 folder. 

Charles W. and Martha Roberts were lifelong Pennsylvania residents. 
Charles was born in 1807 in Plymouth. He worked in Philadelphia as a 
marble cutter and then farmed in East Goshen. In 1871 he built a house in 
West Chester, Pennsylvania. Roberts was a Quaker, served as a West Ches- 
ter borough councilman, and was Director of the Poor of Chester County. 
He died in 1893. 

Martha Corson Roberts was born in Conshohocken in 1808. She first mar- 
ried Enoch P. Walker, who died in 1839. She married Charles W. Roberts in 
1845. They had three children. She died in 1877. 

Collection consists of records of household expenses, summaries of wages 
paid to domestic help, lists of tax assessments, income, and sundry ex- 

Doiotis Collect iou niul Archives 447 

penses. The manuscripts also document family history and the construction 

of a kitchen at Charles Roberts's West Chester house. 

Household accounts form the basis of "The Dynamic Look at Material Life: 

The Charles W. Roberts Family, 1848-1890," by Tracey Winters (Master's 

thesis. University of Delaware, 1991). 

Collection 55. 

1724. Robertson, Helen Mar. 
Album. 1837-52, bulk 1837^1. 
1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 20 cm. 

Contains poetry, personal sentiments, and illustrations from friends and 
relatives of Helen Mar Robertson, a resident of Fort Edward, New York. 
Album was printed by J. C. Riker and features several engravings of land- 
scapes in the Ticonderoga and Lake Champlain area. 
Document 836. 

1725. Robins, Zecariah. 
Account book. 1771-94. 

1 vol.; 33 cm. 

Zecariah Robins was a shoemaker and tavernkeeper in Northumberland 
County, Pennsylvania. 

Although the principal use of this volume was to record Robins's shoe- 
making work, many entries also refer to stock in his tavern. The first page 
features a Fraktur-style drawing. 
Name index available. 
Document 842. 

1726. Robinson, John, fl. 1788-1807. 
Sermons. 1726, 1788-1806. 

6 items. 

Dr. John Robinson was the second minister of the Church of Christ in 
Westborough, Massachusetts, and occupied its pulpit from 1789 to 1807. 
Robinson preached five of these manuscript sermons at different times be- 
tween 1788 and 1806. His father or grandfather possibly presented the 
other. Two were prepared for the Thanksgiving holiday. 
Document 299. 

1727. Robinson, Maude. 

Notebook and lecture notes. Ca. 1903-31. 

2 vols: ill.; 28 cm. 

Maude Robinson was a potter. In 1903 she entered Newcomb College to 
study art, where she remained until 1909. She learned pottery decoration, 
embroidery, and glassmaking. For three summers, Robinson studied with 
Alfred Dow and later, in 1928 and 1929, taught a class on pottery in New 
York City. 

448 Guide to the Wintertlitir Library 

The earliest of these volumes contains notes from lectures on pottery- 
making taken at Newcomb College, possibly dating from 1903. The second 
volume, a loose-leaf notebook, includes Robinson's lecture notes for her 
New York classes. Topics discussed were clay and its formation, glazes, 
kilns, and methods for firing. Small sketches, charts, and diagrams appear 
throughout both manuscripts. 
Document 1002. 

1728. Robinson, Thomas S. 
Account book. 1827-49. 
139 p.; 20 cm. 

Thomas S. Robinson was a carpenter who worked in Boston; Gardiner, 
Maine; and Richmond, Maine. 

Robinson framed houses, hung windows, made closets, built furniture, re- 
paired sashes, glazed glass, and planed rails. Book includes a list of tools 
owned by Marshall A. Lewis. 
Document 999. 

1729. Robinson & Staniford. 

Account book. 1837-81, bulk 1856-81. 
104 leaves; 33 cm. 

Volume begins with accounts for inventory purchased in 1837 and 1838 for 
a store in Bennington, Vermont, featuring a detailed list of dry goods. Later 
pages contain farm accounts that record the exchange of farm goods for la- 
bor over a twenty-five-year period. 
Document 94. 

1730. Robinson-Delaplain family papers. 1679-1887. 
101 items. 

The Robinsons settled in Christiana Hundred, Delaware, during the seven- 
teenth century. Family members engaged in agriculture and fruit growing 
and worked the same acreage for more than 250 years. Robert L. Robinson, 
who died around 1886, married Frances E. Delaplain, the daughter of a 
prosperous storeowner from Centreville, Delaware. Robert's son, Robert 
Pyle Robinson, a Republican, was elected Delaware's governor in 1925. 
Collection includes legal documents relating to Robinson family lands in 
Christiana Hundred, estate records of various family members, papers con- 
cerning the development of the railroad in Delaware, tax records of Christi- 
ana Hundred residents kept by James Delaplain between 1781 and 1786, 
and miscellaneous manuscripts that include a manumission document. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 230. 

1731. Robinson family. 

Letters. 1750-1820, bulk 1790-1820. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Downs CollectUm and Archives 449 

Contains one volume of letters written by or to members of the Robinson 
family. Many are addressed to residents of Newport, Rhode Island, and re- 
fer to family matters. Mary R. Morton, whose obituary is included at the 
end of the reel, wrote a number of the letters. Many of the letters in the 
collection are copies of originals that were transcribed by Benjamin R. 
Smith with notes in the margins by S. A. G. Smith. 
Name index available. 
Microfilm M296. 

1732. Roby, Ebenezer, 1701-72. 
Memorandum book. 1718-1888. 
86 p., 9 leaves; 8 cm. 

Ebenezer Roby was a physician from the Sudbury, Massachusetts, area. A 
1719 Harvard graduate, Roby enjoyed an early career as a teacher and at 
one time tried to prove that the aurora borealis was composed of meteors. 
He traveled to Europe in 1726. 

Manuscript contains various types of memoranda: excerpts and summaries 
of books on Greek philosophy, meditations on Biblical passages, a list of 
items that Roby took to Europe in his trunk, and genealogical material on 
the Roby family. Other family members continued these genealogical 
records well into the 1800s. 
Document 993. 

1733. Rodgers, Cornelius. 
Account book. 1852-70. 
141 p.; 39 cm. 

Cornelius Rodgers was a cooper and farmer in Unionville, New York, and 

was active in the butter trade. 

Account book documents Rodgers's activity making and repairing tubs, 

covers, hoops, buckets, churns, staves, firkins for butter, and pails. Rodgers 

and his business associates sometimes bartered for goods and services. 

Bills, receipts, letters, and other ephemeral material is inserted throughout 

the volume. 

Partial name index available. 

Folio 95. 

1734. Rodman, Daniel. 
Account book. 1828-45. 
75 p.; 21 cm. 

Daniel Rodman was a resident of Rhode Island who worked in a textile 
factory. He spent the first half of 1831 in Pendleton, South Carolina. 
Manuscript contains brief miscellaneous cash accounts of both personal 
and professional matters and features a record of expenses for building an 
addition to a house. 
Document 134. 

450 Guide to llie Wiiiterllitir Library 

1735. Rodman family. 
Papers. 1660-1839. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Members of the Rodman family left England in the seventeenth century for 
the New World. John (d. 1686) settled in Barbados, and his descendants 
eventually moved to Newport, Rhode Island; New Bedford, Massachusetts; 
Flushing, New York; Bristol, Pennsylvania; Burlington, New Jersey; Phila- 
delphia; and Boston. Among the Rodmans were merchants, landowners, a 
member of the United States House of Representatives, a doctor, soldiers, 
and farmers. The Rodmans were Quakers. 

Collection includes correspondence, legal documents, letters between mem- 
bers of the family, shipping documents, estate records, and papers referring 
to the political involvements of family members. 
Original manuscripts in private hands at time of filming. 
Microfilm M2994. 

1736. Roe, Jason H. 
Letters. 1828. 
13 items. 

Jason H. Roe was a cloth manufacturer in Trenton, New Jersey. His corre- 
spondent, William Young, owned a yarnmaking business in Philadelphia. 
Collection consists of letters from Roe to William Young concerning orders 
and payments for and shipment of yarns. Roe apparently made ticking and 
other goods from yarn supplied by Young. 
Collection 488. 

1737. Rogers, Edward. 
Tax book. 1777-79. 
1 vol.; 18 cm. 

Edward Rogers, the tax collector of Cornwall, Connecticut, recorded the 
names of approximately 250 inhabitants of his town and the taxes they 
paid from 1777 to 1779. 
Document 808. 

1738. Rogers, John. 

Account books. 1852-1971. 
8 vols.; 16 cm. 

John Rogers resided in East Boston, Massachusetts. 
Most of the entries in these account books relate to farm products, activi- 
ties, and sales of agricultural products by Rogers to local merchants. Some 
of Rogers's customers paid their bills in labor rather than currency. Rogers 
notes the purchase of domestic and personal products. One of the volumes 
was probably used by a young member of the Rogers family as a mathe- 
matical exercise book. 
Collection 249. 

Dmvm Collection and Archhvs 451 

1739. Rogers, John, 1829-1904. 
Catalogues. 1877-82. 

3 vols.: ill.; 33 cm. 

Sculptor John Rogers was especially known for his small genre and literary 
group statues. He was a native of Massachusetts and spent most of his 
youth there and in Cincinnati, Ohio. Early on he worked as a draftsman 
and mechanic. He did not sculpt in clay until 1849. Rogers studied in Eu- 
rope for a while and then returned to America and opened a studio in 
New York. He sold about eighty thousand items between 1860 and 1894 
when he retired to Connecticut. 

These illustrated ephemeral price lists, depict about fifty groups of statuary 
made by Rogers. Themes represented include scenes from everyday life 
such as school, the doctor's office, the theater, the photographer, and the 
traveling magician. Civil War and literary motifs are also present. 
Collection 404. 

1740. Rogers, John M. 

Account book. 1864-66, 1881-84. 
72 p.; 21 cm. 

John M. Rogers operated a grist mill in Ephrata, Pennsylvania. 
The first half of the volume includes records of accounts with a number of 
people who had wheat and corn ground at Rogers's mill. Numerous en- 
tries appear for the Ephrata Cloister. The second half of the book contains 
accounts for wages earned by various people who planted, harvested, and 
otherwise labored for Rogers. 
Document 244. 

1741. Ronk, S. 

Business records. 1885-87. 

2 vols.; 30 cm. or smaller. 

S. Ronk operated a harness store in Painesville, Ohio. 

Volumes, a daybook, and a ledger, record Ronk's work and sales. Products 

include saddles, collars, straps, bridles, and whips. 

Name index available. 

Document 376. 

1742. Roper, Merrick. 
Account book. 1820-60. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

Merrick Roper was a cabinetmaker and joiner in Francestown, New Hamp- 

Volume records Roper's activities making and repairing furniture and 
other wooden objects. In later years. Roper's account book was used as a 
scrapbook by another person who pasted in a variety of trade cards issued 
by firms based in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. 
Folio 71. 

452 Guide to iJw Winlerthiir Library 

1743. Rose, Charlotte. 

Commonplace book. 1825-64, bulk 1825-36. 
134 p.: ill.; 20 cm. 

Charlotte Rose may have lived in New Haven, Guilford, or Branford, Con- 

Contains signed and dated poetry of a sentimental nature. Themes of 
friendship, love, and sadness predominate. Laid in at the back are two val- 
entines and a sketch of a scene from Port Royal, South Carolina, dated No- 
vember 29, 1864, and signed by Jno. Donagley. 
Document 170. 

1744. Rose Cottage. 
Account book. 1837-38. 
1 vol.; 16 cm. 

Records amounts spent for groceries, soap, and other supplies for what ap- 
pears to be a hotel and dining room. Also noted are salaries paid to cham- 
bermaids, waiters, and other individuals associated with the establishment. 
Document 907. 

1745. Rose Valley collection. 1859-1945, bulk 1900-1927. 
21 boxes. 

William L. Price and M. Hawley McLanahan, architects and partners in the 
firm of Price & McLanahan, founded the Rose Valley Association near 
Philadelphia as an artistic community dedicated to popularizing the arts 
and crafts movement. While the active life of the association lasted only 
about eight years, some projects associated with it continued until 1971. 
Collection consists of three record groups: Rose Valley Association Papers, 
documenting the formation of the association, its financial affairs, real es- 
tate holdings, and tax records; Rose Valley Press Papers and Objects, the 
printing establishment of the association, including some printing blocks; 
and M. Hawley McLanahan Papers, reflecting the activities of an architec- 
tural firm that was involved with buildings in Florida, a proposed resort in 
North Carolina, a Hudson River bridge, and hotels in Atlantic City, New 

Collection used for "A Poor Sort of Heaven, a Good Sort of Earth; the Rose 
Valley Arts and Crafts Movement (1901-1910)," by William S. Ayres (Mas- 
ter's thesis. University of Delaware, 1982). 
Folder title listing available. 
Collection 41. 

1746. Rossiter, Thomas Prichard, 1817-71. 

A description of the picture of the home of Washington after the war: 
painted by T. P. Rossiter and L. R. Mignot with historical sketches of the 
personages introduced. 1859. 

Doums CoUectkm and Arcliwes 453 

52 p.; 20 cm. 

Thomas Prichard Rossiter was a historical, religious, and portrait painter. 
By the time he was twenty, he had his own studio. He traveled and studied 
in Europe for nine years and in 1856 devoted himself to historical and reli- 
gious painting. 

Consists of the text of Rossiter's work along with two handwritten testimo- 
nials by Edward Everett and Manton Eastburn on behalf of Barlow's en- 
graving of "The Home of Washington." It was issued by D. Appleton and 
Co. of New York, in 1859. 
Document 650. 

1747. Roth, Emery, 1871-1948. 
Architectural drawings. Ca. 1900-30. 
24 items: col. ill. 

Emery Roth was an architect who specialized in designing apartment 
houses. A native of Czechoslovakia, he moved into the home of an uncle in 
Chicago, Illinois, in 1884. Roth served his architectural apprenticeship in 
Bloomington, Illinois, and then moved to Kansas City, Missouri, to work as 
a draftsman. Before establishing his own business in New York City early 
in the twentieth century, he worked for Burnham & Root in Chicago and 
Richard M. Hunt in New York. 

Architectural drawings feature interiors. Labeled rooms include a main 
lobby, library, drawing room, and private hall. Furniture and decorative 
elements are included in the drawings. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 188. 

1748. Rotsten, Christiane. 

Livre de dessiner de Christiane Rotsten de Paars. 1760. 

1 vol.: ill.; 32 cm. 

Christiane Rotsten probably lived in Paris, France. 

Volume includes floral and foliate designs. Pinpricks on some of the pages 

suggest that they may have been transferred to fabric for embroidery or 

needlework or to some other surface. 

Document 638. 

1749. Rowan, Archibald Hamilton, 1751-1834. 

Sample book of designs for printed cotton. Ca. 1795-99. 
1 vol.: col. ill.; 24 cm. 

Archibald Hamilton Rowan was an Irish-born calico printer who lived and 
worked along the Brandywine River, near Wilmington, Delaware. He was a 
member of the Society of United Irishmen. Rowan and a partner, William 
Aldred, worked together for several years before their association ended in 
October 1798. Rowan then managed the business alone. Unable to success- 
fully compete with his British counterparts, he sold his concern in 1799 to 
James Lea. Eventually, Rowan returned to Ireland. 

454 Guiiic to the Wintcrthur Library 

Volume includes more than 140 block impressions on paper, many height- 
ened by watercolors, of late eighteenth-century calico designs. The paper 
on which the patterns were printed came from the papermill of James Gil- 
pin, who, like Rowan, lived and worked along the Brandywine River. 
Collection 50. 

1750. Rowley, Samuel. 
Exercise book. Ca. 1820s. 
1 vol.: ill.; 30 cm. 

Samuel Rowley, a resident of Hudson, New York, used this volume to 
practice trigonometry problems. Pen-and-ink illustrations of castles, gul- 
leys, towers, windmills, houses, and boats are included in the volume. The 
front cover features illustrations of the Battery in New York, a bison, and 
other sights. The back cover contains a multiplication table. 
Document 847. 

1751. Royal Academy of Arts (Great Britain). 

Register of students at the Royal Academy of Arts. 1769-1922. 

1 microfilm reel. 

The Royal Academy of Arts was established in London in 1768 by George 
III to promote the arts of design. The Academy maintained a library, spon- 
sored exhibitions, and operated a school for art students. 
The three manuscript volumes on this reel contain lists of students who 
studied at the Academy's school, their ages, professions, lists of awards, 
admission dates, and other biographical information. 
Originals retained by the Royal Academy of Arts. 
Microfilm M2449. 

1752. Royal Institute of British Architects. 

The drawings collection: phase B. 1806-ca. 1850. 

2 microfilm reels. 

The Royal Institute of British Architects was established in 1834 to foster 
"an uniformity and respectability of practice in the profession" of architec- 
ture. Today it maintains a library, operates a publications program that in- 
cludes the production of periodicals and monographs, sponsors exhibi- 
tions, and promotes the education of architects. 

Collection contains two of eighteen reels of a series of drawings. Most 
items depict buildings that were executed by members of the Pugin family, 
the Wyatt family, and by the office of J. B. Papworth. 
Finding aid available. 

Original drawings located at the Royal Institute of British Architects. 
Microfilm M2800-M2801. 

1753. The Royal Scottish Museum cut-out costume doll. Ca. 1980. 
1 uncut sheet: col. ill. 

Doums Cnllectiou and Archives 455 

Set includes a female paper doll with four garments and instructions for 
cutting out and dressing the doll. Featured are both the front and back of a 
woman, four period dresses representing different years (1820, 1860, 1900, 
and 1920), and matching head wear. The costume collection of the Royal 
Scottish Museum inspired this modern paper doll. 
Collection 220. 

1754. Royal Society of Arts. 

American correspondence of the Royal Society of Arts. 1755-1840. 
2 microfilm reels. 

The Royal Society of Arts, located in London, was established in 1754 as 
the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce. 
Correspondence refers to the making of potash and pearlash in the Ameri- 
can colonies as well as to raising mulberry trees, manufacturing silk, grow- 
ing food, and other matters. 

Includes an introduction by the curator/librarian of the society and a name 
Microfilm M737-M738. 

1755. Roycroft Shops. 
Collection. Ca. 1900-1938. 
Approx. 160 items: ill. 

Founded by Elbert Hubbard (1856-1915) in East Aurora, New York, in 
1895, the Roycroft Shops hoped to combine the ideals of William Morris, an 
English proponent of the arts and crafts movement, with the techniques of 
capitalism. By 1900 the Roycrofters were successfully marketing hand- 
crafted objects, including furniture, metalware, carpets, sculpture, and dec- 
orative items. A decade later, Hubbard and the Roycrofters found them- 
selves concentrating on smaller goods, producing such things as lines of 
hand-wrought copper and leather products. Hubbard died on the Ltisitania. 
Unable to sustain the Depression, the Roycroft Shops folded in 1938. 
Collection consists of lantern slides, glass-plate negatives, postcards, and 
an advertising circular relating to the operation of the Roycroft Shops and 
rural life in East Aurora. 
Finding aid available. 

Trade catalogues and periodicals issued by the Roycroft Press located in 
the Printed Book and Periodical Collection. 
Collection 254. 

1756. Ruckman, John. 

Bills and letters. 1795-1841. 
24 items. 

John Ruckman lived in Solebury, Pennsylvania. He may have been the pro- 
prietor of a store in nearby New Hope, and purchased his stock from 
Philadelphia suppliers. 

456 Guide to the Wintcrlhur Library 

Bills and letters document the purchase of a variety of goods for an all- 
purpose store. Ruckman stocked tea, watches, muslin, shirt buttons, to- 
bacco, a washstand, a mahogany bureau, and a high-post stead. 
Collection 143. 

1757. Ruckman, Sarah. 
Copy book. Ca. 1828. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Sarah Ruckman probably lived in Burlington, New York. 
Volume contains poems copied by Sarah, some done calligraphically. 
Themes of religion, farm life, friendship, and sadness at parting predomi- 
Document 281. 

1758. Rumford, Samuel Canby, 1876-1950. 
Memoirs. 1938. 

55 p.; 28 cm. 

Samuel Canby Rumford was descended from two prominent Wilmington, 
Delaware, families. He attended the Friend's School in Wilmington and 
Penn Charter School in Philadelphia. He earned a medical degree from the 
University of Pennsylvania. Rumford practiced medicine in Wilmington 
and later became the medical director of the Continental American Life In- 
surance Company, also located in Wilmington. 

Memoirs contain Rumford's recollections of growing up in Wilmington and 
vacationing in Odessa, Delaware. He described his city and neighborhood, 
household activities, and general features of his privileged lifestyle. Rum- 
ford also wrote about the growth of Wilmington, its old and new buildings, 
and the emergence of municipal services. 

Edited and published by Claudia Bushman as "Life along the Brandywine 
between 1880 and 1895 by Samuel Canby Rumford," in the periodical Dela- 
ware History, 1988 and 1989. 
Document 341. 

1759. Rupert, Charles Gideon, 18577-1930. 
Papers. 1916-29. 

6 boxes: ill. 

Charles Gideon Rupert lived in Wilmington, Delaware, and had a farm in 
nearby Marshallton. He collected antiques, mostly silver spoons, and wrote 
a book about the history of Apostle spoons. 

Collection contains several hundred black and white photographs used in 
Rupert's book on Apostle spoons, galley proofs of the book, and his re- 
search notes. Inventories of Rupert's two homes, which list a large number 
of antiques, are also included. 
Collection 526. 

Dmvm Collection and Archives 457 

1760. Russell & Plumb. 
Account books. 1823-31. 

3 vols. + 1 microfilm reel. 

Thomas Russell and Luke Plumb were partners in a silversmithing and 

jewelry business in Windsor, Vermont. 

Collection consists of financial records that document the activities of the 

partnership. In addition to selling silverwork and jewelry, an inventory of 

tools on hand that mentions a table spoon mold suggests that Russell and 

Plumb also made silverware. Records of Luke Plumb's estate are included 

in one of the manuscripts as well. 

Name list for account book on microfilm available. 

Collection 260; Microfilm M462. 

1761. Russell family. 
Papers. 1783-1823. 
62 items: ill. 

Members of the Russell family lived in Richmond, Virginia. William and 
his son were both involved in finance, shipping, and real estate, and often 
traveled from Richmond to New York City to transact business. William's 
wife was named Sarah. 

Collection documents household purchases, shipping matters, and the set- 
tlement of William Russell's estate, and includes copies of letters written by 
father and son. Also included is a drawing of the family dwelling in Rich- 
Collection 219. 

1762. Rutter, T. 
Sketchbook. 18007-50? 

16 leaves: col. ill.; 23 x 30 cm. 

Printed trade card pasted in front cover reads: "T. Rutter. (late Lovegrove) 
586 Cumberland Row, Kennington Green, Summer House Builder, Garden 
Seats, Grotto Baskets, Flower Stands, &c. Venetian Blinds. Established 

Contains watercolor sketches of rustic furniture, gazebos, and baskets. De- 
signs are laid out to resemble a catalogue or sample book. 
Document 103. 

1763. Ryan, Charles. 
Recipe book. 1831-59. 
27 p.; 20 cm. 

Charles Ryan worked as a dyer. He lived in Webster and then Great Bar- 

rington, Massachusetts. 

Book contains recipes for dyeing and samples of dyed woolen cloth. Many 

of the recipes predate the introduction of aniline dyes. 

Document 482. 


Guide to the Witilerlhur Library 



Entry 1762. Sketchbook of T. Rutter, who, beginning in 1819, operated 
a store in England that sold rustic furniture, baskets, and gazebos. 

1764. S. Farmer & Company. 

Guide map of the city of Detroit. 1863. 
1 sheet: ill.; 65 x 69 cm. 

The front side of the map shows a street plan of Detroit, Michigan, drawn 
by Eugene Robinson. Depicted are a number of churches, schools, and pub- 
lic buildings. The back side of the map contains thirty-six advertisements 
for railroads and a variety of Detroit businesses as well as a table showing 
the time in more than one hundred locations at 12:00 noon in Detroit. 
Document 43. 

Downs Collection and Archives 459 

1765. Saddler's book. Ca. 1890. 
1 vol.: ill.; 37 cm. 

This volume was maintained by an unidentified saddler who may have 
been from Virginia. 

Volume contains drawings of saddler's tools; drawings and specifications 
for halters, buckle pieces, and bridles; drawings that show how to reinforce 
or repair equipment; directions for the modification of the "McClellan Sad- 
dle"; and instructions for making dog masks, calf and cow halters, and 
pony equipment. Hints for caring for leather and lists of saddle supplies 
are recorded as well. 
Document 566. 

1766. Safford, E. O. 
Inventory. 1845. 
1 vol.; 42 cm. 

E. O. Safford compiled this volume on April 1, 1845. He recorded the con- 
tents of a general store operated by Martin Wires in Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts, and noted his outstanding debts. A wide range of products is noted, 
including clothing, fabrics, books by title, combs, and fancy goods. 
Folio 193. 

1767. Sagittarius, Wittelmus. 

A pattern and order book for works in the precious metals, silks, papers, 
&c.: being a relick of the Great Exhibition of 1851. 
40 leaves: col. ill.; 28 cm. 

Contains more than six hundred samples of papers featuring gilt and em- 
bossed designs, decorative borders, brilliantly colored plaids, floral motifs, 
and other embellishments. 
Document 45. 

1768. Sampson, Martin. 
Account book. 1809-29. 
1 vol.; 20 cm. 

Martin Sampson was a furnituremaker in southeastern Massachusetts, pos- 
sibly Marshfield. 

Book reveals that Sampson made many kinds of furniture over the course 
of his twenty-year career, including tables, clock cases, chests, trunks, 
desks, beds, light stands, chairs, and chests of drawers. 
Name index available. 
Document 629. 

1769. Samuel Kirk & Son. 
Account books. 1844-54. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Samuel Kirk & Son was a Baltimore-based silversmithing firm. 
Records relate to the silversmithing activities of the firm. 

460 Gtiiile to the Wiiitertliur Library 

Original manuscripts in private hands at time of filming. 
Microfilm M1566. 

1770. Samuel Wetherill & Sons. 
Ledger 1777-78. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Samuel Wetherill was a Philadelphia manufacturer and merchant. He was 
a stockholder in the United Company of Philadelphia for Promoting Manu- 
factures and served as treasurer pro tem of the Manufacturing Committee 
from 1787 to 1788 and as chairman in 1803. 
Ledger covers sales of hardware, red and white lead, and cloth. 
Original manuscript located at the Industrial Research Department, Whar- 
ton School, University of Pennsylvania. 
Alphabetical name list available. 
Microfilm M187. 

1771. Sanborn, Lydia S. 
Recipe book. 1860. 
104 p.; 20 X 25 cm. 

Lydia S. Sanborn lived in New York City, where her husband, Nestor, was 

a merchant. 

Includes recipes for pies, puddings, cakes, cookies, and other sweets. Also 

included are a variety of household and medicinal recipes. 

Document 953. 

1772. Sanborn, Richard. 
Account book. 1725-61. 
122 p.; 14 cm. 

Richard Sanborn was a bookseller from New Hampshire. 
Volume records Sanborn's activities as a bookseller. He specialized in sell- 
ing "great bibles." Book also documents household purchases made by 
Lisah Sanborn. 
Name index available. 
Document 429. 

1773. Sanborn Bros. 
Account book. 1875. 
1 vol.; 42 cm. 

The Sanborns resided in Cornish, Maine, and were probably grocers. 
Manuscript records the kinds of foods that Sanborn Bros, sold, including 
meats, fish, fruits, and vegetables. There are thirteen pages of accounts re- 
garding the construction of a house and include records of needed supplies 
and labor. 
Folio 51. 

1774. Sanford, Samuel. 
Memorandum book. 1784-96. 

Downs Collection and Archives 461 

1 vol.; 31 cm. 

Samuel Sanford was a merchant from Newport, Rhode Island. He also may 
have worked in the state's insurance office. 

Manuscript records applications for insurance for sailing vessels and de- 
scriptions and destinations of proposed voyages. Most applications are in 
letter form. Names of prominent Rhode Island merchants are included in 
the volume. 
Document 492. 

1775. Sanford & Brown. 

Account book. 1836-45, bulk 1836-37. 
419 p.; 35 cm. 

Sanford & Brown, the names appearing on the spine of this volume, seems 
to have been a metalworking firm. Other names in the manuscript (Ray- 
mond, Sanford & Brown; Raymond & Brown; Sanford, Brown & Groves; 
S. C. Raymond; and S. H. Brown) suggest a progression of business names 
over the course of the firm's history. Most of the firm's customers were 
from Bennington, Vermont. 

Contains debits and credits for such activities and items as repairing a 
sleigh; casting a churn; crafting tea kettles, stoves, and grates; shoeing 
horses; building ploughs, and "to 1 pair Large Dogs." 
Document 186. 

1776. Sansom, Joseph, 1765/6-1826. 
Silhouette albums. 1790-1800. 

2 vols.: ill.; 25 cm. 

Joseph Sansom was a traveler, author, and amateur landscape draftsman 
from Philadelphia. He married Beulah Biddle in 1798. 
Volume 1 contains fifty-eight profiles of people from the Philadelphia area, 
including Benjamin Franklin, Robert Morris, Benjamin Chew, members of 
the Sansom and Perot families, and local merchants, gentlemen, and clergy- 
men. Volume 2 contains silhouettes of sixteen celebrated Europeans, in- 
cluding Pope Pius VII, Napoleon Bonaparte, King George III, William Pitt, 
and others. 
Document 52. 

1777. Sargent, Bradley. 
Exercise book. 1857. 
1 vol.; 21 cm. 

Bradley Sargent lived in Danville, New Hampshire, and was probably a 
student when he created this volume. 

Manuscript was used as an exercise book. Bradley recorded the daily trans- 
actions of a fictitious store for August 9 and 11, 1857. He mentioned sales 
of such products as cloth, candles, boxes of matches, suspenders, station- 
ery, pitchers, tumblers, and other domestic goods. The blank book that 

462 Guide to the Wiiiterthur Library 

Sargent filled contains engravings of several early American presidents. 
There is a multiplication table on its back cover. 
Document 809. 

1778. Sargent, Charles William Hine. 
Patent application. 1863-64. 

9 items: ill. 

Charles William Hine Sargent lived in Paris and manufactured carriages. 
Sargent's "invention consists in an improved mode of opening carriages, 
and in the arrangement of the seats for the purpose of facilitating the ac- 
cess to, and use of the same by invalids and other sick or infirm persons." 
Four watercolor drawings accompany the textual description. 
Collection 283. 

1779. Sargent family. 

Papers. 1782-1868, bulk 1829-61. 

21 items. 

The Sargent family lived in Lynn, Massachusetts. John Jenks Sargent and 

Nathaniel Sargent were most actively involved in the maintenance of this 


Collection consists of two account books and related family documents. 

Most of the entries in the account books relate to John Jenks Sargent's work 

as a shoemaker and some personal financial matters, including charges for 

repairs to his house, rental fees received, and lists of goods he gave to his 

daughters prior to their marriages. Other records relate to the settlement of 

his estate. 

Partial name index available. 

Collection 227. 

1780. Sartain, John, 1808-97. 
Collection. Ca. 1830-96. 
31 items. 

John Sartain was an engraver, portrait and miniature painter, and, from 
1849 to 1852, the publisher of Union Magazine of Literature and Art. A native 
of London, he immigrated to Philadelphia, where he spent the rest of his 
life. In addition to his regular work, Sartain served as chief of the Bureau 
of Art for the Centennial Exhibition in 1876, vice president of the Philadel- 
phia School of Design for Women, and president of the Artists Fund Soci- 
ety. Four of his children became engravers. 

Collection includes some of Sartain's engravings, correspondence, scrap- 
books recording the art scene in Philadelphia, commonplace books attrib- 
uted to Sartain's daughters, Emily and Harriet, and a few ephemeral items 
related to Sartain's work. 

Other Sartain material located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
Collection 398. 

Downs CaUectioii ami Archiiws 463 

1781. Savage, Samuel Phillips. 
Ledger. 1742-49. 

1 vol.; 38 cm. 

Samuel Phillips Savage was a merchant in Boston. 

Manuscript records Savage's transactions with merchants, craftsmen, and 
store keepers. He had contacts with local businesses as well as with indi- 
viduals in Newport and Providence, Rhode Island; London; and other cit- 
ies. Volume also includes four pages that relate to the settlement of the es- 
tate of Arthur Savage, Samuel's father. 
Name and occupation index available. 
Folio 122. 

1782. Savery family. 
Papers. 1767-1858. 
10 items. 

William Savery was a joiner and chairmaker from Philadelphia. Thomas 
Savery, also of Philadelphia, was a carpenter. Other family members were 
Mary, Elizabeth, and William IIL 

Collection contains several wills, estate papers, letters, elegies, an account 
book documenting Thomas Savery's work as a carpenter, and three mar- 
riage certificates. 
Collection 500. 

1783. Scadin, Robert C. 
Account books. 1829-31. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Robert C. Scadin was a fumituremaker from Cooperstown, New York. 
One volume in these papers is a daybook, the other is an account book that 
includes a shop inventory. The books include orders for goods as well as 
miscellaneous material from Justus Dunn, who succeeded Scadin in busi- 
ness. Many furniture forms, including beds, tables, chairs, and stools, are 
Name index available. 

Original manuscripts located at the New York State Historical Association. 
Microfilm M665. 

1784. Scamman & Cutts. 
Invoice book. 1834-36. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

Scamman & Cutts were general merchants from Boston. 
Volume records purchases of goods by the partners, presumably to stock 
the shelves of their general store. There are two inventories of stock on 
hand, one dated March 19, 1835, and the other March 16, 1836. 
Document 553. 

464 Guide to the Wiiitertlwr Library 

1785. Schaeffer, John. 
Account book. 1854-58. 
1 vol.; 40 cm. 

John Schaeffer was a farmer in Intercourse, Pennsylvania. 
Manuscript records agricultural activities such as pasturing livestock, rais- 
ing feed and other farm products, and haying. Several pages note that 
boarders were kept, and there are references made to visits to Philadelphia. 
Folio 198. 

1786. Schance, Theodore. 
Account book. 1869-90. 
384 p.; 32 cm. 

Theodore and Clarence E. Schance were blacksmiths, farmers, and handy- 
men from Cherry Point, Illinois. 

Account book was originally used by Theodore Schance as a daybook to 
record his blacksmithing activities; it was then used as a ledger. Later en- 
tries, written in a different hand, were probably made by Clarence E. 
Schance. The manuscript documents various blacksmithing activities, in- 
cluding sharpening plows and planes and making horseshoes, hinges, and 
barrel hoops. The Shances record that they sold apples, corn, pigs, and 
other products. 

Partial index to ledger available. 
Document 997. 

1787. Schantz, Wiliss. 

Design book. Ca. 1800-1850. 

23 leaves: ill.; 33 cm. 

Wiliss Schantz was a Pennsylvania German furnituremaker, possibly from 

Franconia Township, Pennsylvania. 

Design book includes twenty-two measured ink drawings of such furniture 

as chests of drawers, cupboards, blanket chests, drop leaf tables, cradles, 

bread tables, and mirrors. 

Document 1080. 

1788. Scharff family 
Accounts. 1847-62. 
1 folder. 

The Scharff family seems to have consisted of three school-age orphaned 
children (Emma, John, and William) who lived in Lebanon County, Penn- 
sylvania. Their guardian was John Mosser. All were enrolled in Meyers- 
town Academy. Later, John attended Franklin and Marshall College. 
Collection contains bills, receipts, and an expense book documenting goods 
and services purchased for the Scharffs. Most bills were for their food, 
clothes, dry goods, and schooling. 
Collection 466. 

Dou'ns CoUectiou ami Archives 465 

1789. Scheppers, Arthur. 

Cahier de dessin lineaire. 1867. 
22 leaves: ill.; 32 cm. 

Arthur Scheppers was a student of line drawing at St. Vincent de Paul 
boarding school in Malines, Belgium. 

This notebook of forty-two drawings includes designs for such architec- 
tural elements as balusters, urns, vases, and pedestals; furniture, including 
chests, bookcases, secretaries, a desk; implements, including presses, pul- 
leys, and a farm plough; and numerous doorways, entablatures, porticos, 
stone and iron fences, balcony railings, altars, and tombs. Each drawing in- 
cludes a caption written in French. 
Document 1005. 

1790. Scherffius, Laura D., 1885-1978. 
Scrapbooks. Ca. 1890s. 

3 vols.: col. ill.; 37 cm. or smaller. 

Laura D. Scherffius was born in Evansville, Indiana, attended the Univer- 
sity of Michigan, where she met her husband, James F. Seiter, and then 
lived in Washington, D.C. with her husband. She, her sister. Norma, and 
brother, Willie, compiled these volumes. Their mother, Louisa, owned the 
photo album described below. 

Scrapbooks contain more than seven hundred brightly colored Victorian 
die cuts made by publishers and chromolithographers in both the United 
States and Europe. Depictions on the cuts vary widely and include flowers, 
fruits, animals at the circus and in zoos, Santa Claus, baseball players, chil- 
dren, buildings, boats, soldiers, and travel views. 
Collection 120. 

1791. Scherffius, Louisa, d. 1931. 
Photograph album. Ca. 1870-1900. 
1 vol.; 25 cm. 

Louisa Scherffius, the former owner of this scrapbook, married William 
Scherffius, a German who immigrated to America in 1872, at age sixteen. 
They lived in Evansville, Indiana, where William established a department 
store. Their children compiled the scrapbooks described in entry 1790. 
Contains photographs and lithographed trade and friendship cards. The 
majority of photos depict the Scherffius family, their home and department 
store, and their friends and relatives. Historic figures are also depicted. 
Document 488. 

1792. Schlyder, Adam. 
Account book. 1815-32. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Account book records the activities associated with Adam Schlyder 's gen- 
eral store, located in York County, Pennsylvania. Products mentioned in- 
clude wine, sugar, molasses, screws, thread, fabrics, and plates. 

466 Guide to the Winterthur Library 

Original manuscript located at the public library in Hanover, Pennsylvania. 
Microfilm M2988. 

1793. Schneider, David. 

Bills and receipts. 1869-82. 
2 folders. 

David Schneider owned a mine near Emmaus, Pennsylvania. 
The manuscripts in this collection document Schneider's personal pur- 
chases and sales. He seems to have made several improvements to his 
property, including remodeling his kitchen and replacing gutter spouts and 
sinks. He also purchased many household goods. Schneider records that he 
sold oats and wheat. Collection also includes the vendue of Schneider's es- 
Collection 414. 

1794. Schnotterly, Jacob. 
Account book. 1821-31. 
1 vol.; 33 cm. 

Entries document the legal matters in which Jacob Schnotterly of Slumps- 
town, Pennsylvania, participated. Documents record his activities calling a 
vendue and composing the conditions of the sale, selling a plantation, writ- 
ing advertisements, and negotiating agreements. Varieties of agricultural 
activities and products are also mentioned. 
Name index at front of volume. 
Document 663. 

1795. Schober, Samuel. 
Papers. 1851-69. 
26 items. 

Samuel Schober was a merchant from Philadelphia. 
Includes contracts, specifications, bills, and other materials relating to an 
agreement between Samuel Schober and John Vogel in which Vogel agreed 
to build three, three-story houses for Schober on Vine Street in Philadel- 
Document 470. 

1796. School House Committee, Hingham, Massachusetts. 
Bills. 1826-30. 

43 items. 

This collection of bills addressed to the School House Committee docu- 
ments the construction of four local school houses, designated as North, 
South, East, and West. All document labor and the purchase of supplies 
such as lumber, stone, clapboards, shingles, joists, posts, fences, and soap- 
stone for the chimney as well as painting, plastering, and mortaring ser- 
Collection 480. 

Doiims Collection and Archwes 467 

1797. Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864. 
Papers. 1806-75. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Henry Rowe Schoolcraft was an ethnologist, geologist, Indian agent, and 

This reel contains the manuscript of Schoolcraft's "Vitreology, or the Art of 
Smelting," dated 1817, which is said to be the earliest technical treatise on 
glassmaking written in America. Collection consists of one reel out of sixty- 

Name index available. 

Original manuscripts located at the Library of Congress. 
Microfilm M2669. 

1798. Schoonmaker, A. S. 
Ledger. 1855-70. 
332 p.; 34 cm. 

A. S. Schoonmaker operated a general store in Mill Hook and worked at 
Accord Mills, a granary in Ulster County, New York. 
Manuscript records debits and credits accrued by Schoonmaker for his 
milling activities. Volume also contains a list of goods sold at a public auc- 
tion that once belonged to a firm called Schoonmaker & Humphrey. 
Name index available. 
Document 527. 

1799. Schultz, John. 
Account book. 1797-1803. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Manuscript records the activities of John Schultz, a shoemaker, who lived 
in the vicinity of Hanover, Pennsylvania. Also included are records that 
document the purchase and rental of land and buildings. 
Original book located at the public library in Hanover, Pennsylvania. 
Microfilm M2988. 

1800. Schulze, Paul., 1827/28-97. 
Architectural drawings. 1853. 
8 p.: ill.; 46 x 55 cm. 

Paul Schulze was an architect. A native of Breslau, Silesia, he immigrated 
to Boston in 1849. He designed a number of buildings for Harvard. Schulze 
later worked in New York City and Washington, D. C. He designed and 
supervised the construction of government buildings, submitted designs 
for major competitions, and published a series of designs for funerary 
monuments. Schulze was the founder and president of the Palette Club in 
the 1870s. 

Drawings are pen-and-ink plans, elevations, and perspective drawings of 
an Italianate villa. Both interior and exterior views are included. 

468 Guide to the \Nmterlhur Library 

Finding aid available. 
Folio 204. 

1801. Schwanitz, August. 
Sketchbook. 1867. 

13 leaves: ill. (some col.); 22 cm. 

August Schwanitz was a coppersmith from Philadelphia. He probably 
worked for the coppersmithing business of Geo. Megee & Sons. 
Book contains twenty-one watercolor sketches by Schwanitz illustrating 
distilling apparatus for beer, water, and whiskey. Captions are primarily 
written in German, though some descriptions use a mixture of both Ger- 
man and English. Schwanitz modeled some of what he drew after German 
stills and copied the work of coppersmiths named Magrowitz, Strumpf, 
and Hartmann. 
Document 989. 

1802. Schwarze katze. 1984. 

1 game: col. ill. + instruction booklet. 

Includes forty cards, one through ten of each suit, and a joker. Cards are 

reproductions of an original set designed by W. S. Anonimo of Nuremberg, 

Germany, in 1887. Illustrations feature images of children and castles; the 

joker card depicts a young man riding a black cat. Game instructions are in 

both German and Italian. 

Collection 220. 

1803. Scott & Hutchinson. 
Records. 1853-83. 

4 boxes. 

Scott & Hutchinson was a Philadelphia-based firm of wheelwrights and 

blacksmiths formed by John Scott and John Hutchinson. The business 

seems to have included making (or at least selling) wagons, carts, and 


Records consist of bills and receipts for wheelwright work and blacksmith- 

ing. In addition there are a number of student notebooks kept by William, 

David, and Joseph Scott, sons of one of the partners. 

Folder title listing available. 

Collection 52. 

1804. Scovill Manufacturing Company. 
Salesman's sample book. Ca. 1870. 
1 vol.; 30 cm. 

The company, a metalware manufacturer, was incorporated in 1850 in 
Waterbury, Connecticut. 

Sample book contains 112 brass and silvered buttons sewn onto two pan- 
els. Stock and catalogue numbers are associated with the buttons. 
Document 77. 

Doums Collectkvi and Archives 469 

1805. Scrapbook. Ca. 1760-99. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 21 cm. 

Contains 208 coats of arms for British families; watercolor designs featuring 

scrolls and leaves; several pages of shield shapes; watercolors depicting 

flowers, a deer, and a street scene; two designs for trade cards; notes on 

Homer; and recipes for varnish. 

Document 475. 

1806. Scrapbook. Ca. 1770-1850. 
1 vol.; 29 cm. 

Includes two sections, one containing forty-seven late eighteenth- and early 
nineteenth-century watch papers and the other containing twenty-five let- 
ters written to Henry and Charles Tobias about the American watch indus- 
try. Most of the watch papers are engraved, and they depict historical fig- 
ures, allegorical subjects, and other scenes. Henry Tobias seems to have 
managed a Brooklyn, New York, firm that imported British watch move- 
ments and may also have engaged in manufacturing timepieces. 
Finding aid describing watch papers available. 
Document 499. 

1807. Scrapbook. Ca. 1800-1850. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 37 cm. 

Includes newspaper clippings and engravings. Textual material consists of 

verses, short stories, anecdotes, and essays offering advice to people in 

various situations. Illustrations are of historical figures, houses, fish and 

animals, caricatures, and fashion plates. 

Folio 191. 

1808. Scrapbook. Ca. 1804-1905, bulk 1847-52. 
1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 43 cm. 

Contains newspaper clippings, original drawings, advertisements, engrav- 
ings, manuscript notes, sketches of what looks like white-work patterns, 
wallpaper samples, and poems. Most items are from London. Topics repre- 
sented include the Great Exhibition of 1851, English politics, the royal fam- 
ily, the Bible, and the Russo-Japanese War. Volume was used earlier by a 
seller of liquor. 
Folio 240. 

1809. Scrapbook. Ca. 1805-50. 

48 p.: ill. (some col.); 29 cm. 

Volume contains woodcuts, color fashion plates, humorous illustrations, 
and drawings of birds. Such things as public buildings, churches, city- 
scapes, ships, a magic lantern, stoves, and the latest fashions from Paris are 
featured. Several illustrations were taken from Codey's Ladies Book. 
Document 269. 

470 Guide to the Wiiitertlnir Library 

1810. Scrapbook. Ca. 1808-40. 
44 leaves; ill.; 47 cm. 

Contains mounted drawings in pen, pencil, and watercolor. Most clesigns 
are sketched onto the kind of thin tracing paper that is used by engravers 
to transfer designs to grounded plates. Many show pinpricks or needle 
marks and some show traces of chalk having been pressed through to the 
blackened background. Designs include ornamental head and tail pieces, 
borders and corners, coats of arms, ornamental initials, cyphers, mono- 
grams, caricatures, animals, and human figures. 
Inscriptions are in French. 
Folio 41. 

1811. Scrapbook. 1823-ca. 1860. 
240 p.: ill.; 32 cm. 

Item once served as a ledger for an unknown business in Richmond, 
Maine, from 1823 to 1825. Its first 170 pages contain short stories clipped 
from newspapers and pasted over the accounts. The last few pages contain 
a manuscript short story and several love poems. 
Folio 304. 

1812. Scrapbook. 1836-ca. 1890. 
1 vol.: ill.; 34 cm. 

Volume was once a catalogue of the Meriden Britannia Company, a silver- 
smithing firm. It contains clippings about the Centennial Exhibition and on 
such topics as manners and etiquette, the Civil War, illness, religion, clocks, 
and American presidents. Laid in is a small account kept by an unidenti- 
fied tailor, dated 1836 and 1837. 
Folio 163. 

1813. Scrapbook. Ca. 1850-89. 
1 vol.: ill.; 30 cm. 

Volume contains an architectural drawing showing the front view of a bay 
window. It was probably drawn by Richard Upjohn for a house con- 
structed for Charles M. Russell in Newport, Rhode Island, during the 
1850s. The remainder of the volume contains clippings about Newport, fea- 
turing stories about its history, summer social life, C. M. Russell and his 
family, and the construction of the town's Naval War College. 
Document 501. 

1814. Scrapbook. Ca. 1850-99. 
19 p.: ill.; 24 cm. 

Contains lithographs and engravings of hardware storefronts located in 
such cities as Philadelphia, St. Louis, Minneapolis, and Buffalo. They ap- 
pear to have been clipped from the tops of stationery and billheads. 
Index of firms represented available. 
Document 478. 

Dozims Collectiaii and Archives 471 

1815. Scrapbook. Ca. 1870s. 

48 p.: ill. (some co!.); 38 cm. 

Contains engravings, cards, clippings, and other items that feature images 
of women in fashionable dress, soldiers, animals, farm scenes, and domes- 
tic life. Of special interest are the more than twenty-five decorated and em- 
bossed textile labels and cigar box labels. 
Folio 272. 

1816. Scrapbook. Ca. 1870s. 
76 p.: col. ill.; 30 cm. 

Contains scores of Christmas and New Year's greeting cards along with a 
few valentines and many carefully trimmed illustrations. Most of the greet- 
ing cards were issued by London-based publishers. The illustrations depict 
well-dressed women, brightly colored flowers, children, animals, vegeta- 
bles, and ships. 
Folio 34. 

1817. Scrapbook. Ca. 1870s. 
1 vol.: ill.; 18 X 11 cm. 

Volume, originally intended to be a photo album, consists of illustrated ad- 
vertisements of pianos and organs manufactured by three firms: Smith 
American Organ Co.; Weber, Whellock; and Kronich & Bach. Prices, identi- 
fication numbers assigned to each instrument, and the number of their oc- 
taves are recorded. 
Document 641. 

1818. Scrapbook. Ca. 1870s. 

21 leaves: ill. (some col.); 26 cm. 

Scrapbook contains more than two hundred trade cards and cutouts. The 
trade cards feature illustrations of birds, children, home life, house interi- 
ors, sewing machines, stoves, and shoes. Many of the firms represented in 
the volume were based in the Buffalo, New York, area. 
Folio 290. 

1819. Scrapbook. Ca. 1876-80. 

1 vol.: col. ill.; 32 x 24 cm. 

Volume contains fifty-nine Victorian-era greeting cards, sample cards, and 

scraps. Collection includes a set of album cards by L. Prang & Co. and a 

series of cards produced by J. H. Bufford showing children engaged in 

various activities. 

Cover title: Card Album and Scrapbook. 

Document 443. 

1820. Scrapbook. Ca. 1877-80. 
1 vol.: ill.; 36 cm. 

472 Guide to the Wiiiterthiir Librnn/ 

Contains pencil or pen sketches of architectural drawings and details 
pasted into a volume. Scrapbook also features plates from issues of Ameri- 
can Architect and Btiihiiug Neivs, published in 1877 and 1878. In addition 
there are drawings of such furniture as chairs, bookcases, sofas, and beds. 
Some illustrations note where the item shown was located. 
Folio 269. 

1821. Scrapbook. Ca. 1880s. 
35 p.: col. ill.; 38 cm. 

Scrapbook contains about four hundred scrap pictures, many of which are 
embossed. The pictures are grouped by subject and carefully arranged on 
each of the pages. Illustrations are of soldiers, flowers and flower arrange- 
ments, animals, birds, cherubs, shells, various costumes, cricket and rugby 
games, pets, and war scenes. 
Folio 98. 

1822. Scrapbook. Ca. 1880s. 
1 vol.: ill.; 32 cm. 

Contains in excess of two hundred chromolilhographed trade cards, die 
cuts, cutouts, calling cards, rewards of merit, and greeting cards. Because 
most of the businesses represented by trade cards were located in Philadel- 
phia, it is likely that the scrapbook was compiled in that city. Evidence sug- 
gests that E. or Mattie Kiehl maintained the volume. 
Document 725. 

1823. Scrapbook. Ca. 1880-95. 
34 p.; 36 cm. 

Includes chromolithographed trade cards, Christmas cards, calling cards, 
reward of merit cards, and Santa Claus figures. Many of the trade cards are 
for Bridgeport, Connecticut, businesses. John H. Bufford and Major & 
Knapp (Richard C. Major and Joseph F. Knapp) are two of the chromo- 
lithographers whose work is represented. 
Finding aid available. 
Folio 149. 

1824. Scrapbook. Ca. 1880-1900. 

18 leaves: ill. (some col.); 34 cm. 

Book features chromolithographic cutouts; visiting, greeting, and trade 
cards; and rewards of merit. Animals, flowers, children, and birds are illus- 
trated. Trade cards advertise firms that made thread, soap, corsets, sewing 
machines, cotton thread, and cologne. 
Folio 281. 

1825. Scrapbook. Ca. 1880-1900. 

32 leaves: ill. (some col.); 39 cm. 

Downs CoUectkm and Archives 473 

Scrapbook features about 285 examples of chromolithographic cutouts and 
greeting cards. Captions are in English and French. Animals, nicely dressed 
women and children, and birds are illustrated. Cards issued as series are 
maintained together within the volume. 
Folio 276. 

1826. Scrapbook. Ca. 1880-1900. 
34 p.: col. ill.; 28 cm. 

Volume contains printed scraps, some of which were Christmas cards, call- 
ing and token of affection cards, valentines, Easter cards, and a few paper 
dolls. The greeting cards either fold out or are mechanical. Many of the 
items were printed in Germany, and some were printed in England by Ra- 
phael Tuck. 
Document 360. 

1827. Scrapbook. Ca. 1881. 

32 leaves: ill. (some col.); 28 cm. 

Volume includes more than one hundred chromolithographed scraps, trade 

cards, and calling cards. Illustrations are generally grouped by subject and 

depict flowers, cherubs, children playing, and animals. 

Document 1021. 

1828. Scrapbook. Ca. 1895-1910. 
1 vol.; 18 cm. 

Includes magazine clippings on various topics and a few photographs. Il- 
lustrations depict women engaged in domestic activities, house interiors 
featuring furnishings of the period, and someone speaking on the tele- 
phone. The Underwood devil, Heinz pickle, and packaging for Uneeda bis- 
cuits and toasted cornflakes are among the advertisements illustrated. 
Document 720. 

1829. Scrapbook. 1896-1935. 
89 leaves: ill.; 24 cm. 

Volume contains clippings of prose and poetry from newspapers and mag- 
azines, many of which were published in Maine. Subjects range from curi- 
ous facts of nature and history to stories for the edification and enjoyment 
of young people. Clippings are pasted into the annual report of the Maine 
State Board of Health for 1892 and 1893. 
Document 49. 

1830. Scrapbook. Ca. 1900-1950. 
1 vol.: ill.; 28 cm. 

Volume contains clippings from magazines that show the evolution of 
women's and children's fashion during the first half of the twentieth cen- 
tury. Other ephemeral materials, including pictures of animals, fruits and 

474 Guide to the Wiiiterlhiir Librnn/ 

flowers from seed catalogues, and cats, are laid in. A woman named Bar- 
bara Watkins may have compiled the scrapbook. 
Document 347. 

1831. Scrapbook. Ca. 1920s. 
143 p.: ill.; 32 cm. 

Evidence suggests that this scrapbook was compiled by an unnamed furni- 
ture retail seller to advertise his wares. It consists of hundreds of photo- 
graphic illustrations of a wide variety of furniture forms. Most depictions 
feature arts and crafts-style furniture. Mission and colonial revival styles 
are also featured. Many illustrations were clipped from the published cata- 
logues of William Leavens & Company of Boston and Thomas Beels Furni- 
ture Company of Portland, Maine. Each piece of furniture is priced; some 
bear several prices to account for different sizes or finishes. 
Folio 48. 

1832. Scrapbook. 1924-48. 
1 vol.: ill.; 36 cm. 

Volume contains articles and photographs from newspapers and magazines 
about the history of lighting and lighting devices. Long pieces discuss such 
topics as lamps used in colonial America, nineteenth-century lamps, candle- 
sticks, and lanterns. A two-page article entitled "Iron and Brass Imple- 
ments of the English and American Home," featuring sixteen illustrations, 
shows the variety of candleholders available in the eighteenth century. 
Folio 62. 

1833. Scrapbook of Whistler's work. 1907-13. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 35 cm. 

James Abbott McNeill Whistler was a painter of portraits and landscapes, 
an etcher, and lithographer. Born in 1834 in Lowell, Massachusetts, he was 
the son of a drawing teacher, George Washington Whistler. Young James 
grew up in the United States and Russia. In 1851 he entered the United 
States Military Academy but dropped out in 1854. In 1855 he traveled to 
Paris, where he studied art for five years. He then settled in London, where 
he began to establish his reputation as an artist. He never returned to 
America and died in London in 1903. 

Scrapbook contains magazine articles about Whistler's career and litho- 
graphed reproductions of his work by T. R. Way. In addition there are por- 
traits of Whistler and reviews of a book. The Life of Jnwes Abbott McNeill 
Whistler, written by Joseph and Elizabeth R. Pennell (London: Heinemann, 
Folio 249. 

1834. Scrapbooks. Ca. 1800-80. 

2 vols.: ill.; 28 cm. 

Dozims Collection and Archives 475 

These two volumes contain British and American engravings and feature 
the work of Charles Heath and Charles Roth. Depicted are mastheads, me- 
dallions, men in armor, family crests, historical figures, stoves, title pages 
for books, reproductions of paintings, and country scenes. 
Index available. 
Document 587. 

1835. Scrapbooks. 18767-1919? 
2 vols.: ill.; 31 cm. 

Consists of two scrapbooks featuring decorated Victorian covers and con- 
taining a total of ninety-two engravings, the majority of which were en- 
graved and printed by lUman Brothers, a Philadelphia-based firm. The first 
volume contains portraits of girls and young women. The second volume 
includes a wider variety of scenes and topics. 
Document 106. 

1836. Scraps. Ca. 1850-1910. 
115 items: col. ill. 

Consists of cutouts, greeting and calling cards, a postcard that doubles as a 
calendar, a set of scraps representing rural activities that took place during 
each of the twelve months, and two copies of a book called Pressed Flowers 
from Palestine. Illustrations of roses and other flowers predominate. 
Collection 139. 

1837. Scrimshaw sample book. 1837-39. 
36 pieces: ill.; 17 cm. 

Thirty-six pieces of decorated animal bone are tied into a sample book that 
may have been used by an engraver. Most designs are related to Great Brit- 
ain and feature Queen Victoria, the British arms, and views of London 
landmarks. Some are heraldic or mythological. Still others illustrate a 
steamship, suspension bridge, and train. "Old Kentuck" appears beneath 
one mythological beast, suggesting an American connection. 
Folio 282. 

1838. Sea journal. 1765. 
10 p.; 31 cm. 

The unnamed man who maintained this journal recorded his travels from 
Gravesend, England, to Port Royal, Jamaica. He was married and had a 
young son named Dick. 

Records the trials and tribulations of a sea journey presumably undertaken 
to set up a new home in a strange land. The writer seems to have recorded 
shipboard life with the intention of sharing his diary with his son and wife. 
Once in Jamaica, he wrote about tropical diseases, tropical fish, and the ap- 
pearance of the natives. 
Document 780. 

476 Guitie to the Winlerlliur Librnn/ 

1839. Sea journal. 1804. 
1 vol.; 44 cm. 

Manuscript was kept by the unnamed supercargo of the ship Coiifederiicx/ 
during a voyage from New York City to Canton, Calcutta, and Manila. 
Early entries record sailing details. Another portion of the manuscript, de- 
voted to trade, features instructions on how to interact with the Hong mer- 
chants in China as well as how to conduct business with the nationals of 
Calcutta and other ports of call. 
Folio 153. 

1840. Seal, Ella K. 
Scrapbook. 1871-84. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 26 cm. 

Ella K. Seal lived in Richmond, Virginia. She was the eldest daughter of 
Captain T. Seal and married J. H. Beveridge in 1881. 

This modestly sized scrapbook contains five reward of merit cards, an invi- 
tation to Ella's sister's wedding, an announcement of her own wedding, 
chromolithographic cutouts, and a calligraphic name label. 
Document 1088. 

1841. Seal family. 

Diaries. 1872-1905, bulk 1899-1905. 
6 vols.; 19 cm. or smaller. 

Clarence Barnard Seal and Martha Campbell Talley Seal married on Sep- 
tember 9, 1903, and lived in West Chester, Pennsylvania. Clarence, a gradu- 
ate of the Philadelphia Museum School of Industrial Art, spent part of the 
year teaching a class on textiles to students at an agricultural school in Mis- 

Clarence kept three of the diaries, and Martha kept the other two. The 
other collection piece is an inventory of Talley family possessions originally 
written in 1872 and updated to 1892. The diaries provide a glimpse into the 
daily lives of the Seals both before and after their marriage. Some financial 
transactions are also mentioned. 
Collection 118. 

1842. Seigle, Abraham. 
Account book. 1829-45. 
114 p.; 20 cm. 

Abraham Seigle made and repaired wagons. 

Book notes the details of Seigle's work on wagons and wagon parts as well 
as his shoeing horses, mending shovels, hooping, and other activities. 
Document 645. 

1843. Selchow & Richter Co. 

Pin the tail on the donkey. After 1870. 
1 sheet -I- 20 tail pieces: col. ill. 

Downs Collection and Archives ^77 

Selchow & Richter, one of the toy industry's leading distributors, was es- 
tablished in 1867. 

An early version of the popular party game, this sheet features an illustra- 
tion of a brown donkey printed on fabric. 
Collection 220. 

1844. Sellers, Nathan. 
Account books. 1775-1824. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Nathan Sellers was a wiremaker in Darby, Pennsylvania, and Philadelphia, 
who made molds for papermakers. 

Manuscript lists many early American papermakers and mills and their lo- 
cations. Records of Nathan Sellers & Company are also featured. 
Original materials located at the American Philosophical Society. 
Microfilm M1916. 

1845. Sellers, William, 1824-1905. 
Records. 1840-75. 

175 items: ill. 

William Sellers was an inventor and mechanical engineer who founded a 
business in Philadelphia in 1847. He served as president of the Franklin In- 
stitute from 1864 to 1867, was a trustee of the University of Pennsylvania 
from 1868 to 1905, and became a member of a number of professional soci- 
eties, including the National Academy of Sciences and the American Philo- 
sophical Society. 

Collection contains bills and receipts, some bearing illustrative vignettes, 
for Sellers's personal expenses. Items mentioned include clothing, food and 
drink, books, a bathtub, and other domestic items. 

Other repositories holding papers of William Sellers are the University of 
Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, and 
the Hagley Museum and Library. 
Collection 510. 

1846. Sellstedt, Lars Gustaf, 1819-1911. 
Collection. Ca. 1848-1906. 

36 items: ill. 

Lars Gustaf Sellstedt was a portrait, landscape, and marine painter. A na- 
tive of Sweden, at the age of eleven he worked as a cabin boy on a Swed- 
ish sailing vessel and, later, as a merchant seaman. In 1845 he settled in 
Buffalo, New York, where he began his career as a painter. Sellstedt helped 
to found the Buffalo Fine Arts Academy and served as its president from 
1876 to 1877. He was elected an associate of the National Academy of De- 
sign and published his autobiography in 1904. 

Collection includes photographs of Sellstedt, family members, friends, 
house interiors, and a crucifixion scene that he painted. Also included are 
valentine greetings addressed to Caroline Scott, Sellstedf s second wife. 
Collection 177. 

478 Giikle to the Wintertluir Librnn/ 

1847. Serff, Abraham, 1792-1876. 

Account book and weaving pattern book. 1843-68. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Abraham Serff, a resident of York County, Pennsylvania, wove coverlets, 
carpets, and many varieties of cloth. 

Account book documents Serff's weaving activities and financial transac- 
tions. The pattern book contains sketches of weaving patterns. 
Index to account book available. 
Microfilm M932. 

1848. Sermon. Ca. 1780-1800. 
14 leaves; 17 cm. 

This sermon, delivered by an unidentified minister, is based on the biblical 
verse of Galatians 6:15: "For in Christ Jesus, neither circumcision availeth 
anything, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature." 
Document 1042. 

1849. Setley, Cletus. 
Sketchbook. 1847. 
5 p.: ill; 29 cm. 

Amateur artist Cletus Setley, a resident of Reading, Pennsylvania, drew 
several sketches of Native Americans, weapons, a cabin, ships at sail, a 
mill, fishermen, and a hunter on these pages. 
Document 777. 

1850. Sewell Raymond & Co. 
Account book. 1814-18. 
31 p.; 32 cm. 

Sewell Raymond & Co. operated a general store in Potsdam, New York. 
Consists of lists of items purchased by the store for retail sale, their prices, 
the names of the distributors from whom goods were purchased, and store 
inventories for 1814 and 1816. The firm seems to have had five categories 
of merchandise: hardware, Oneida bottles, crockery, groceries, and dry 
goods. Most favored suppliers were William Wright of Rome, New York, 
and David Barnum. 
Document 251. 

1851. Sexby, Edward, d. 1658. 
Killing no murder. 1658? 
Ill p.; 21 cm. 

Apparently a manuscript copy of the 1658 French translation of the pam- 
phlet. Killing No Murder, which related to despotism, Oliver Cromwell, and 
a history of England beginning in 1649. French title is Traicte Politique .... 
It may have been translated by Jacques Carpentier de Marigny. Original 

DoH'HS Collection and Archii>es 479 

work has been variously attributed to Edward Sexby, Silius or Silas Titus, 
or William Allen. 
Document 50. 

1852. The Shaker collection at the Library of Congress. 1792-1937. 
32 microfilm reels. 

Material reflects many aspects of Shaker life and the history of Shaker com- 
munities, including daily events, construction of buildings, travel, educa- 
tion, religious practices and beliefs, accounts of visions and spiritual com- 
munications, music, and legal and business transactions. Collection 
includes diaries, letters, financial and legal papers, poetry, inspirational 
writings and drawings, memoirs, clippings, and hymnals. 
Summary of contents and index on first reel. 
Original materials located at the Library of Congress. 
ASC M9-M40. 

1853. Shaker manuscript collection. 1780-1952. 
9 microfilm reels. 

Manuscript includes diaries, recollections, accounts of seances, recipes, 
spirit messages, songs, covenants, accounts, correspondence, drawings, and 
printed material relating to the Shaker religious sect. Most materials are 
specific to the Shaker communities at New Lebanon, New York, and Water- 
vliet. New York. 

Original materials located at the New York Public Library, Manuscripts and 
Archives Division. 
Index available. 
ASC M164-M172. 

1854. Shaker manuscripts from South Union, Kentucky. 1758-1922. 
4 microfilm reels. 

A community of Shakers established a settlement at South Union, Ken- 
tucky, from 1807 to 1810. It remained in existence until 1922, when the site 
was sold. At its peak, the community counted four hundred members. 
Collection contains diaries, business papers, letters, broadsides, and hym- 
nals from South Union. Items of note include an autobiography of John 
Rankin jr., "A Sketch of the Life and Experiences of Issachar Bates," a mill 
ledger, a seed selling account book, and several manuscript hymnals kept 
by Mary Edwards and H. L. Eades. 

Original manuscripts located at Western Kentucky University. 
ASC M195-M198. 

1855. Shakers (Harvard, Mass.). 
Church records. 1790-1875. 
1 microfilm reel. 

The Shaker village in Harvard, Massachusetts, was established in 1793. It 
began with four families and at its peak counted two hundred members. 

480 Guide to the Wiiitertltur Library 

The village disbanded in 1918, and its occupants took up residence in other 
Shaker communities. 

This one-volume manuscript includes membership lists for the Shaker soci- 
ety, a copy of the Shaker covenant of beliefs, accounts of expenditures, no- 
tices of deaths, and entries describing notable events of the Harvard vil- 

Original manuscript located at the American Antiquarian Society. 
ASC Ml 73. 

1856. Shank, Christian H. 

Diary and account book. 1858-67. 
274 p.: ill.; 32 cm. 

Christian H. Shank was a prosperous farmer and partner in a dry goods 
business, Shank & Horst. He lived in Annville, Pennsylvania. 
Manuscript volume consists of 26 pages of invoices for Shank & Horst dat- 
ing from 1856 to 1858, 149 pages entitled "Farm Diary" for the years from 
1858 to 1864, 29 pages of financial accounts kept from 1856 to 1862, and 70 
pages of further diary entries kept from 1864 to 1867. Most diary entries 
are brief and recount such things as farming activities, the construction and 
renovation of farm buildings. Shank's recreational pursuits, and the Civil 
War. The financial information relates to Shank's partnership and records 
both wholesale purchases to stock the shelves of his general store and retail 
sales to customers. 
Name indexes available. 
Document 370. 

1857. Shanks, Frederica. 

Household arts: student notebook. Ca. 1905. 
48 leaves: ill.; 22 cm. 

Because a number of cities in Massachusetts are mentioned, this manu- 
script may have originated in that state. 

Covers the first six of ten divisions of the household arts as listed on the 
first page: planning and building the house; furnishing and decorating; 
lighting; heating; plumbing; and water supply and disposal of waste. State- 
of-the-art methods for managing these domestic concerns are discussed. 
Manuscript is typewritten. There are hand-drawn floor plans and illustra- 
tions of houses, and their interiors have been cut from magazines and 
pasted into the volume. 
Document 48. 

1858. Shaver, Jonathan B. 
Account book. 1854-65. 
12 p.; 18 x22cm. 

Jonathan B. Shaver was a cooper in Rockingham County, Virginia. 

Dozms Collectio)! and Archives 481 

Short book records Shaver's work repairing churns, hooping barrels and 
buckets, and making washtubs and firkins. 
Document 922. 

1859. Shaw, Fred G. 

Trade recipes, etc. 1882. 

21 p.; 30 cm. 

Fred G. and Alfred G. Shaw were jewelers, silversmiths, and goldsmiths in 

Oneonta, New York. 

Consists of notes and instructions related to the Shaws' work. Formulas 

and procedures for testing precious metals, working with gold and silver, 

and performing watch and clock repairs are included. Sections are headed 

with such titles as "To Make Gold Coin," "Acids for Testing Gold," "To 

Make 18 kt. Gold for Rings," "To Tighten a Ruby Pin," and "Brittle Gold: 

How to Remedy." 

Index to recipes at back of volume. 

Document 861. 

1860. Shaw, J. William 

Drawings and blueprints. 1875-1925. 
Approx. 80 items: ill. 

J. William Shaw was an architect. His name appears sporadically in Phila- 
delphia directories as both a draftsman and architect. After 1899 he was 
employed by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company at its Broad Street sta- 
tion. Shaw lived in Wayne, a Philadelphia suburb, and often worked out of 
his home. 

Items include drawings in pencil, pen-and-ink, and watercolors; photo- 
graphs; and blueprints and other plans related to Shaw's work for the rail- 
road. Plans pertaining to the Pennsylvania railroad include locomotive 
shops, engine houses, stations, truss bridges, and timber trestles. Complete 
plans for a residence for Horace F. Smith of Germantown, Pennsylvania, 
are also included. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 279. 

1861. Shaw, Samuel, 1754-94. 
Letter. 1785. 

1 microfilm reel. 

Samuel Shaw wrote this letter from New York City on November 10, 1785, 

to Winthrop Sargent Jr. of Boston. In it he discussed shipping to and from 

China, mentioned accounting practices, discussed the empress of China, 

and referred to pending lawsuits. 

Original manuscript located at the Historical Society of Permsylvania. 

Microfilm Ml 06. 

1862. Sheet music. 1787-1913, bulk 1830-80. 
3 boxes: ill. (some col.) 

482 Guide to the Wiiiterlltur Library 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains sheet music, most printed 
in the United States, that feature engraved or lithographed covers. Among 
the engravers represented are Sarony & Co. and J. H. Bufford; among the 
publishers represented are Oliver Ditson, Forth, Pond & Co., and John 
Cole. City views, schools, public buildings. Civil War scenes, and portraits 
of singers and dancers are featured in the illustrations. 
Finding aid listing title, composer, date, publisher, artist or engraver, sub- 
ject, and further description is available. 
Collection 240. 

1863. Sheldon, Pardon. 
Account book. 1830-67. 
60 leaves; 21 cm. 

Pardon Sheldon was a clock and watch peddler from the Hartford, Con- 
necticut, area. He worked as a farmer for a time, and his account book en- 
tries suggest that he may have been the proprietor of a general store as 

The first part of this manuscript details Sheldon's clock- and watch-selling 
activities. A boy's diary, which may have been kept by Albert Perry, ap- 
pears in the middle of the volume. Toward the end of the manuscript, rec- 
ords of Sheldon's accounts resume and detail the sale of items associated 
with a general store. 
Document 1040. 

1864. Shields, James. 
Workbook. 1787-88. 
240 p.: ill.; 21 cm. 

James Shields probably resided in or near Philadelphia. 

Manuscript contains mathematical problems and their solutions, drawings 

of geometric shapes, and hand-colored illustrations of ships, towers, and 

windmills. Many of the problems relate to the activities of a craftsman. 

Workbook also contains mock journals of round-trip ship voyages between 

Philadelphia and the West Indies. 

Document 463. 

1865. Shields, Thomas. 
Daybook. 1775-91. 
101 p.; 45 cm. 

Thomas Shields was a silverworker and goldsmith from Philadelphia. 
Manuscript contains daily entries of credits and debits for the production 
and repair of a wide variety of silver and gold articles. Many of the entries 
refer to the fabrication of buckles, scabbards, knives, and buttons. Dr. Ben- 
jamin Rush was a steady customer. Two letters of a religious nature are laid 
Folio 27. 

Doums Collection and Archives 483 

1866. Shillinglaw, Thomas E. B. 

The artists' complete assistant in drawing; and painting in oil, and water- 
colours: with instructions in oriental, and tinted, and mezzotinting; chalk 
drawing; crayon; and transferring, velvet painting; varnishing, &c. 1832. 
66 p.: ill.; 33 cm. 

Thomas E. B. ShiUinglaw was a drawing master from Edinburgh, Scotland. 
Manuscript contains handwritten instructions relating to the subjects men- 
tioned in the title. Plates illustrate shading, outlining, stippling, and tinting. 
Portraits and landscapes are both discussed. 
Table of contents available. 
Document 709. 

1867. Shipley, William Jr., 1731-94. 
Account book. 1756-93. 

1 vol.; 39 cm. 

William Shipley was a resident of Wilmington, Delaware. Several members 
of his family were successful merchants. The family owned a mill and 
brewery in which William Jr. appears to have held an interest. 
Manuscript relates to the activities of the Shipley's brewery. Most account 
book entries refer to the exchange and /or purchase of bread, malt, and bar- 
ley and refer to the sale of beer. Shop, lot, and house rents are also in- 

Partial name index available. 
Folio 178. 

1868. Shippen family. 

Papers. 1757-1961, bulk 1760-1800. 
25 items: ill. 

Members of the Shippen family were prominent in Philadelphia's early his- 
tory. Edward (1639-1712) served as the city's first mayor, and his grandson, 
Edward 111 (1703-1781), also held the post. Sarah, Edward Ill's daughter, 
married Colonel James Burd. 

Collection consists of letters, obituary notices, portraits, and newspaper 
clippings about the Shippen family. 

Other Shippen family records are located at the Historical Society of Penn- 
sylvania; the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Manu- 
script Division, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; and the Clements Library at the 
University of Michigan. 
Collection 521. 

1869. Shipping records. 1708-1892, bulk 1790-1820. 
5 boxes.: ill. 

This artificial (and still open) collection contains a wide variety of docu- 
ments pertaining to shipping. Included are certificates of ownership and in- 
surance, bills of lading, manifests, invoices, accounts, lists, and letters 

484 Guide to the Wiiilerthur Library 

relating to shipping and trade. Some of the items are printed and include 
small woodcut illustrations of sailing ships or patriotic symbols. Most of 
the manuscripts relate to trade taking place in Boston, New York, or Phila- 
delphia, though other ports are mentioned as well. 
Finding aid available. 
Collection 245. 

1870. Ship's journal. 1832. 
26 leaves; 48 cm. 

Logbook records the daily activities of the Pembroke, a schooner, over the 
course of a nine-month voyage. The schooner was initially commanded by 
William Gibbs, but leadership passed to Robert Woodbury in midvoyage. 
The vessel routinely carried nails from Wareham, Massachusetts, to ports 
along the eastern seaboard and returned with cargoes of coal and /or flour. 
Folio 289. 

1871. Ships' journals. 1809-25. 
1 microfilm reel. 

The journals in this collection record the maritime activities of a number of 
ships. In addition to the customary weather and course observations, writ- 
ers recorded land sightings, ocean depths, ship repairs made at sea, the 
work of the crew, and viewings of unusual fish and birds. The ships sailed 
from New England with cargoes bound for many ports around the world. 
Original journals located at the Essex Institute. 
Microfilm M2924. 

1872. Ships' manifests. 1804-20, bulk 1806-7. 
1 microfilm reel. 

Includes lists of cargo on board vessels returning to Philadelphia from Can- 
ton, China. Tea, ceramics, textiles, and other commodities are noted. 
Original records located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Microfilm M106. 

1873. Shirk, George. 
Account book. 1834-38. 
76 p.; 31 cm. 

George Shirk was a blacksmith in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. 
Manuscript records Shirk's blacksmithing activities. Text is written phoneti- 
cally. Shirk most frequently made horseshoes. He also mended dung forks, 
repaired an apple peeler, sharpened plow irons, and pointed colters. 
Document 197. 

1874. Shopkeeper's inventory. 1883. 
35 p.; 15 cm. 

Doums Collectkm and Archives 485 

Inventory lists record items stocked by an unidentified general store and 
their estimated value. Items mentioned include food, fabric, clothing, per- 
sonal goods, dishes, books, and kitchenware. 
Document 223. 

1875. Shove, George. 
Account book. 1768-1810. 
1 microfilm reel. 

George Shove worked as a potter in Dighton, Massachusetts. 

Account book records transactions related to Shove's work as a potter and 

his personal expenses, including the acquisition of such items as furniture, 

glassware, building materials, and textiles. 

Original manuscript located at Baker Library, Harvard University. 

Microfilm M1963. 

1876. Sicily (brig) 

Records of the Sicily, Gershon Bradford, Master. 1822-23. 
50 items. 

Collection contains records for the fourth voyage of the brig Sicily. The ship 
set sail from Boston in September 1822, bound for Trieste, and returned to 
Boston via Messina, Italy, in 1823. Many items are bills for goods and ser- 
vices related to the voyage, including repairs to the vessel. Supplies needed 
were cordage, knives and forks, rags, brooms, nails, water, and food. 
Freight lists indicate the Sicily's cargo; also included is a roll list of crew 
Collection 505. 

1877. Sick, Annie M. 
Account book. 1851, 1883. 
1 vol.; 31 cm. 

In 1851 an unnamed shoemaker from eastern Pennsylvania maintained this 
volume. Annie M. Sick, who operated a dairy, apparently acquired the vol- 
ume in 1883. 

Book includes records associated with the production and repair of foot- 
wear, written in 1851. Later records, written by Sick in 1883, detail sales of 
eggs, butter, and other items. 
Name index available. 
Document 636. 

1878. Sievier, Robert William, 1794-1865. 
Drawing book. 1825-34. 

1 vol.: ill.; 31 x 23 cm. 

Robert William Sievier was an engraver, sculptor, and scientist who became 

a fellow of the Royal Society in 1841. 

Drawing book contains thirty-nine full- and half-page pencil drawings by 

Sievier and four drawings by an artist identified as W. H., possibly William 

486 Giiicie to the Wiiilerlhiir Library 

Haworth. Depicted in the drawings are a fireplace ornament for Chat- 
sworth, the principal seat of the dukes of Devonshire; finials; looking-glass 
frames; mantels; "gothic panels"; and a clock. 
Document 651. 

1879. Silk embroidery threads. Ca. 1900-1949. 

1 box. 

Consists of packets of different varieties, colors, and brands of silk threads 
to be used for embroidery. Accompanying the threads are washing instruc- 
tions and design recommendations. Firms represented include the Richard- 
son Silk Co.; Belding Brothers; M. Hemingways & Sons; and J. P. Coats. 
Collection 348. 

1880. Silk samples. Ca. 1845. 
22 leaves; 51 cm. 

Consists of more than six hundred swatches of bright and colorful silk or- 
ganized within a portfolio. The swatches are thought to be French in ori- 
gin, though the German word Stoffiniister appears on the cover. 
Collection 50. 

1881. Silliman, Samuel. 
Account books. 1804-16. 

2 vols.; 19 cm. or smaller. 

Samuel Silliman was a joiner from Chester, Connecticut. In 1831 he estab- 
lished a factory where he made lamp brackets, mallets, rulers, spool stands, 
sandboxes, and inkwells. After merging with a number of partners in 1832, 
the business became known as S. Silliman & Co. 

Both volumes, which predate the establishment of Silliman's factory, docu- 
ment his joining and woodworking activities and his personal expenses. 
Records indicate that he helped build a shop (perhaps a carpentry shop), 
made furniture, painted and varnished, turned, and built fences. Personal 
expenses for such things as food, board, clothing, and sundries are also re- 
Document 913; Microfilm M665, M2426. 

1882. Sillyman, Margaret. 

Account book and periodical subscription record. 1861-82. 

185 p.; 34 cm. 

Margaret Sillyman was the postmistress of Pottsville, Pennsylvania. 

Manuscript records the business activities of the Pottsville, Pennsylvania, 

post office. Sillyman recorded periodical subscriptions for townspeople. 

She listed the title, place of publication, frequency of delivery, subscription 

price, and names of subscribers for each periodical that passed through her 

post office. Entries were marked when a reader or publisher cancelled a 


Folio 198. 

Dmrns CoUeclknt and Archives 487 

1883. Silsby, Enoch, 177^-? 

Letterbook and bills. 1799-1810, 1831. 
17 items. 

Enoch Silsby was a merchant who maintained headquarters at 21 Long 
Wharf in Boston in 1830. At that time he owned three houses in Boston on 
Prince, Somerset, and Washington Streets. 

Letterbook contains copies of letters that Silsby wrote between 1799 and 
1810 regarding the case of Sarah and Abigail Silsby and others against En- 
och Silsby and Thomas Young, administrators of the estate of Daniel Silsby. 
It appears that Sarah and Abigail would not part with a portion of Daniel's 
estate despite a court order. Bills, sixteen in number and all dated 1831, re- 
cord the purchases of such household items as furniture, kitchen utensils, 
bedding and linens, hardware, and cleaning supplies. There are invoices 
for whitewashing, painting, glazing, plastering, and mason work as well. 
Collection 432. 

1884. Sinton, Phebe. 
Scrapbook. 1815-19. 
68 leaves; 27 cm. 

Phebe Sinton resided in Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania. 

Clippings of prose and poetry have been pasted onto pages that may have 

been originally used for penmanship exercises. 

Document 38. 

1885. Sise, John. 

Business papers. 1851-67. 

9 vols. 

John Sise was a merchant from Portsmouth, New Hampshire, who sold 

stoneware, earthenware, cream-colored earthenware, parian ware, white 

granite, china, and terra cotta. He may also have been an insurance agent. 

Collection consists of a small number of bills and nine volumes of waste 

and sales books that record Sise's business activities. Prices are listed as 


Collection 88. 

1886. Sisson, Noyes. 
Account book. 1821-24. 
73 leaves; 40 cm. 

Noyes Sisson worked as a furnituremaker in Stonington, Connecticut; 
Westerly, Rhode Island; and Bozrah, Connecticut. He seems to have also 
sold alcoholic beverages. 

Manuscript contains accounts for furnituremaking and repair. Sisson 
worked with cherry, maple, and mahogany and made or repaired bed- 
steads, bureaus, chairs, stands, tables, chests, and coffins. There are refer- 
ences to gin, brandy, rum, and other drinks. 
Folio 9. 

Giikle to the Wiiilerthur Library 

1887. Sisson, William M. 
Daybook. 1871. 
315 p.; 32 cm. 

William M. Sisson worked as a general merchant in Lyme, Connecticut. 
Daybook records retail sales by Sisson in his store. He sold such items as 
tobacco products, spices, shoes, sewing supplies, tools, rifles, clothing, and 
Document 975. 

1888. Skeel, Adelaide. 
Photograph album. 1893. 
1 vol.: ill.; 15 x 23 cm. 

Adelaide Skeel, a resident of Newburgh, New York, took her photographs 
while traveling through New England. Most of the twenty views in the al- 
bum feature the Northampton, Massachusetts, area and Smith College. 
Each photograph is labeled. 
Document 853. 

1889. Skene family. 
Bills. 1782-1833. 
275 items. 

James Skene (1775-1864) and his wife, Jane Forbes Skene (1787-1862), re- 
sided near Aberdeen, Scotland, on an estate called Rubislaw. Skene inher- 
ited it from his older brother but only spent part of his time there. He trav- 
eled extensively and lived on the European continent much of the time. 
Skene was a lawyer, an artist, and an active member of several literary and 
scientific societies. He was also a friend of Sir Walter Scott. 
Many of the bills in the collection were issued by firms located in Paris and 
Versailles, France, and Edinburgh, Scotland. Addressed to both Mr. and 
Mrs. Skene, the bills provide a sampling of the goods available to a 
wealthy, late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century family. 
Name and occupation list available. 
Collection 91. 

1890. Sketchbook. Ca. 1817. 
48 leaves: ill.; 55 cm. 

Consists of mounted drawings of ecclesiastical silver and gold objects. The 

drawings, most done with ink-and-wash techniques, depict chalices, cibo- 

ria, monstrances, crosses, and crucifixes. A few drawings include brief 

manuscript notes written in French. 

Spine title: Dessins anciens: orfevrerie d'eglise; Bapst et Falize. 

Folio 43. 

1891. Sketchbook. Ca. 1840-60. 
1 vol.: ill.; 21 x 16 cm. 

Downs Collection and Archives 489 

A student named Albert drew eighteen pencil sketches depicting building 
facades, landscapes with houses and trees, a boat at full sail, and other out- 
door views in this sketchbook. An engraving on the front cover features a 
geography class in session, and the back cover has a multiplication table. 
Document 795. 

1892. Sketchbook. 1841. 

29 leaves: ill. (1 col.); 18 cm. 

Someone whose initials were J. A. K. maintained this volume. 
Includes thirty-seven drawings of various facial expressions, expressing 
such emotions as astonishment, esteem, horror, hope, fear, or amusement. 
Document 330. 

1893. Sketchbook. Ca. 1869-73. 

20 p.: ill (some col.); 18x11 cm. 

This volume, which bears the label of a New York City stationer, was 
found in Maine. 

Includes watercolors and a few pencil sketches of a variety of images, in- 
cluding scenes with trees and animals, a ship under sail, and a factory 
whose chimney is belching smoke. 
Document 348. 

1894. Sketchbook. Ca. 1870-90. 

1 vol.: ill. (some col.); 20 cm. 

Though the creator of the sketchbook remains unknown, someone named 

Louis Messmer signed one of its pages and dated his signature "January 


Volume includes designs and transfer patterns assembled by a decorator of 

ceramics. Many of the drawings feature designs for teacups and plates. 

Transfer patterns feature depictions of birds, people, religious figures, and 

Asian scenes. Two of the designs are identified as registered patterns. Text 

is in Swedish and English. 

Document 530. 

1895. Skidmore, Samuel Tredwell, 1801-81. 
Bills and architectural drawings. 1833-45. 
73 items: ill. (some col.) 

Samuel Tredwell Skidmore was a dry-goods merchant from New York City. 
He began his career in 1821 as a partner of Samuel D. Wilkins. After Wil- 
kins died in 1838, he associated himself with John Ingr