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Full text of "Harvard College. The class of 1828, with a bibliography of the publications of its members"

Library of ^artara 



EDITED BY JUSTIN WINSOR, 

LIBRARIAN. 



. 46. 





HARVARD COLLEGE. 



THE CLASS OF 1828, 



WITH 



A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE PUBLICATIONS OF ITS MEMBERS. 



CAMBRIDGE, MASS. : 
tfj Efbrarg of 
1892. 



Already issued or in -preparation: 



VOL. I. 



1 . EDWARD S. HOLDEN. Index-Catalogue of Books and 

Memoirs on the Transits of Mercury. 

2. JUSTIN WINSOR. Shakespeare's Poems: a Bibliography 

of the Earlier Editions. 

3. CHARLES ELIOT NORTON. Principal books relating to 

the Life and Works of Michelangelo, with Notes. 

4. JUSTIN WINSOR. Pietas et Gratulatio. An Inquiry 

into the authorship of the several pieces. 

5. LIST OF APPARATUS in different Laboratories of the 

United States, available for Scientific Researches 
involving Accurate Measurements. 

6. THE COLLECTION OF BOOKS AND AUTOGRAPHS, be. 

queathed to Harvard College Library, by the Honor, 
able Charles Sumner. 

7. WILLIAM C. LANE. The Dante Collections in the 

Harvard College and Boston Public Libraries. Pt. I. 

S. CALENDAR of the Arthur Lee Manuscripts in Harvard 
College Library. 

9. GEORGE LINCOLN GOODALE. The Floras of different 
countries. 

10. JUSTIN WINSOR. Halliwelliana : a Bibliography of the 
Publications of James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps. 



n. SAMUEL H. SCUDDER. The Entomological Libraries 
of the United States. 

ia. FIRST LIST OF THE PUBLICATIONS of Harvard Uni- 
versity and its Officers. 1870-1880. 

13. SAMUEL H. SCUDDER. A Bibliography of Fossil 

Insects. 

14. WILLIAM H. TILLINGHAST. Notes on the Historical 

Hydrography of the Handkerchief Shoal in the 
Bahamas. 

15. J. D. WHITNEY. List of American Authors in Geology 

and Palaeontology. 

16. RICHARD BLISS. Classified Index to the Maps in 

Petermann's Geographische Mittheilungen. 1855- 
1881. 

17. RICHARD BLISS. Classified Index to the Maps in the 

Royal Geographical Society's Publications. 1830- 
1883. 

18. JUSTIN WINSOR. The Bibliography of Ptolemy's 

Geography. 

19. JUSTIN WINSOR. The Kohl Collection of Early Maps. 

ao. WILLIAM C. LANE. Index to Recent Reference 
Lists, no. i. 1884-1885. 



VOL. II. 



ai. SECOND LIST OF THE PUBLICATIONS of Harvard Uni- 
versity and its Officers. 1880-1885. 

22. JUSTIN WINSOR. Calendar of the Sparks Manuscripts 

in Harvard College Library. 

23. WILLIAM H. TILLINGHAST. Third List of the Publica- 

tions of Harvard University and its Officers. 1885- 
1886. 

34. WILLIAM C. LANE. Index to Recent Reference Lists, 
no. 3. 1885-1886. 

25. W. G. FABLOW and WILLIAM TBELEASE. List of 

Works on North American Fungi. 

26. WILLIAM C. LANE. The Carlyle Collection. 

27. ANDREW McF. DAVIS. A few notes on the Records 

of Harvard College. 

28. WILLIAM H. TILLINGHAST. Fourth List of Publica. 

tions of Harvard University and its Officers. 1886- 
1887. 



39. WILLIAM C. LANE. Index to Recent Reference Lists, 
no. 3. 1887. 

30. Facsimile of the autograph of Shelley's poem " To a 

Skylark," with notes. 

31. W. G. FARLOW. Supplemental List of Works on 

North American Fungi. 

33. H. C. BADGER. Mathematical Theses, 1783-1839. 

33. WILLIAM H. TILLINGHAST. Fifth list of Publications 

of Harvard University and its Officers. :8S7-i888. 

34. WILLIAM C. LANE. The Dante Collections in the 

Harvard College and Boston Public Libraries. 

35. GEORGE E. WOODBERRY. Notes on the MS. of Shelley 

in the Harvard College Library. 

36. WILLIAM C. LANE. The Treat Collection on Ritu- 

alism and Doctrinal Theology. 

37. FRANK WEITENKAMPF. Bibliography of Hogarth. 



VOL. III. 



38. WILLIAM H. TILLINGHAST. Sixth List of Publica- 

tions of Harvard University and its Officers. 1888- 
1889. 

39. ALFRKD C. POTTER. Bibliography of Beaumont and 

Fletcher. 

40. WILLIAM C. LANE. Index to Recent Reference Lists, 

no. 4. 1890. 

41. WILLIAM H. TILLINGHAST. Seventh List of Publica- 

tions of Harvard University and its Officers. 1889- 
1890. 



43. WILLIAM H. TILLINGHAST. The Orators and Poets 
of Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha of Massachusetts. 

43. CHARLES GROSS. A Classified List of Books relating 

to British Municipal History. 

44. WILLIAM H. TILLINGHAST. Eighth List of Publica- 

tions of Harvard University and its Officers. 1890- 
1891. 

45. WILLIAM C. LANE and CHARLES K. BOLTON. Notes 

on Special Collections in American libraries. 

46. THE CLASS OF 1828, with a list of the publications of 

its members. 



HAEVAED COLLEGE. 



THE OLA.SS OF 1828, 

WITH 

A LIST OF THE PUBLICATIONS OF ITS MEMBERS. 



ON the death of Dr. Henry I.. Bowditch, Jan. 14, 1892, the material relating to the history of 
this Class, which had accumulated in his hands, as its Secretary, was with the assent of the Hon. 
Robert C. Winthrop, the President of the Class, sent to the College Library for preservation. Seven 
members of the Class only survived its Secretary, and one of these has since died. Among this material 
is a Class book, a large folio with the title "The Records and Biography, etc., etc., of the Class of 
1828. [Motto.] John G. Norwood, Secretary and Biographer." The record begins with a meeting 
held Feb. 26, 1828, in the Senior year of the Class. The eighth meeting of the Class, Aug. 25, 1829, 
was its first annual meeting, and then yearly gatherings were kept up till 1840, after which they were 
of less frequent occurrence. The thirty-second meeting was on Commencement, 1878, when the Class 
had been graduated fifty years. The Class at graduation had fifty-three members, and at the Class 
dinner on June 24. of this year, fifteen were present. "There are supposed to be only four other 
surviving graduates and as many more of those who were with us a part only of our college course," 
says the record made by the Rev. Charles F. Barnard, then the Secretary. The same record preserves 
the speech made by the President at the table, and that of the Hon. George S. Hillard, who was present 
but unable to speak, so that his speech was read by the President. The last meeting of which record is 
made is the thirty-sixth, in the sixtieth year (1888) after graduation, when Mr. Winthrop spoke for the 
Class at the Commencement dinner, six members of the Class attending. The last record in the book is 
made by Dr. Bowditch relative to his meeting survivors of the Class at the Commencement of 1889. 
The Class book also contains a history of the Class fund, which in 1882 was turned into the treasury of 
the College for establishing (when it amounts to $3000) a " scholarship of the Class of 1828." The 
required sum was reached in 1889. 

The rest of the volume is devoted to memorials of different members of the Class, including printed 
slips, letters from and concerning members, with details of their career, and often, photographs or 
engravings of them. The enumeration includes those also who belonged to the Class but did not 
graduate. Dr. Bowditch succeeded Mr. Barnard in the secretaryship in 1881, and the extent and 
fulness of the record of the Class have come in large part from his assiduity. 

Supplementing the Class book is a volume called "Various Memoranda of the Class of 1828: 
printed documents and letters to and from members or their friends, with a few reminiscences of some 
of the classmates from youth to age." It includes an account of the " Semi-centennial Gathering of 
the Class on the evening of June 24, 1878, with Commencement exercise', etc." It also contains the 
correspondence, etc., of the Class in " The Quarter-millennial of Alma Mater, 1886." A third book is 
called " 1888. Our Sixtieth year, with various incidents, letters, etc." 

The following passages from Mr. Winthrop's speech in 1888 summarizes the activity of the 
Class : 

" Sixty full years having elapsed since my Class received their degrees, the few survivors, agreeably 
to an honored usage, are called on to present themselves at this festal board to-day for a farewell 
recognition, and they look to the President of the Class to say a few words in their behalf. Only ten of 
us are left among the living out of the fifty -three whose names are on our roll, and many of the ten are 
prevented from being with us by the remoteness of their residence or by personal disabilities. . . . 

"And yet I do confess, Mr. President, that as I cast my eyes back to that Commencement Day, 
sixty years ago, it somehow does seem a long, long way off; and I look around in vain for any of those 
who gave it a special attraction and distinction. It was certainly a day not to be forgotten, and there 
were men sitting side by side on that Commencement stage of whom we may not soon see the like again. 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



We had, indeed, no President of the College on that day. The beloved Kirkland had resigned, and the 
honored Quincy had not been elected or even named as his successor. The venerable Henry Ware, the 
Hollis Professor of Theology for half a century, signed our diplomas as vice-president and presented 
them to us with tremulous hands from the old Holyoke chair. But around him, as members of the 
Corporation, were Joseph Story, the eminent associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United 
States, and Nathaniel Bowditch, the author of the 'Navigator' and the translator of the ' Mecanique 
Celeste,' and the accomplished Francis C. Gray, too often forgotten among our Harvard worthies. Levi 
Lincoln, too, was with them, the excellent Governor of Massachusetts. Good old Dr. John Pierce of 
Brookline was here to line out the hymn which we have just sung to the tune of ' St. Martin's.' Edward 
Everett and Daniel Webster were among the Overseers; and, foremost of them all, John Quincy Adams 
was here as President of the United States, who, I cannot but remember, just twenty years afterwards, 
fell on the floor of the House of Representatives while addressing me as Speaker, and died in my official 
room at the Capitol. . . . 

" We had a poet not a Longfellow, not a Holmes, not a Lowell, but a poet of no common promise, 
in James C. Richmond, who has left some lines of which we were proud at the time, and of which we 
are not ashamed now ; but who, perhaps, had too many of the eccentricities of genius for the clerical 
career in which he lived and died. But we had other classmates who would have responded to this call, 
if not in poetry, in words of worthy prose, far more impressive than any which I can command. George 
Stillman Hillard, to whom our highest honors were assigned, would have spoken here to-day, we all 
know how eloquently, for his voice has been but recently lost to us ; Gilchrist, the late chief justice of 
New Hampshire; Russell, the eminent naturalist; James Jackson, the rising hope of the profession 
which his father so long adorned ; Nichols, the incomparable proofreader and critic ; Barnard, the 
Warren Street Chapel philanthropist, whose place as Secretary of our Class* is now filled by my friend 
Dr. Henry I. Bowditch; Chapman, Fox, Loring, Dana, Gilmor, Welford, I may not attempt to recall 
more names, but I certainly can say nothing about the ' survival of the fittest' in view of such losses. 
I may not speak of the living ; but I should not be pardoned, I should not pardon myself, were I to omit 
the name, and something more than the name, of one more among the early dead, who was the very 
pride and glory of our Class though, by some accident or oversight, the second honor was awarded to 
him instead of the first. I refer to Charles Chauncey Emerson, who died so sadly within eight years 
after he had taken his degree. If anyone here is ignorant what manner of young man he was, and how 
great was his loss to us and to the world, let him turn to the tribute paid him by liis elder brother, the 
late Ralph Waldo Emerson, and contained in Mr. Elliot Cabot's charming biography. There is nothing 
more tender and touching in Tennyson's ' In Memoriam ' or in Milton's ' Lycidas,' or in the ' Agricola ' 
of Tacitus, or, I had almost said, in Vergil's exquisite allusion to the young Marcellus. Listen to a 
sentence or two of this most impressive and impassioned lament of our foremost classmate's death by 
him who knew him best, and who was best qualified to speak of the immense promise of his maturity : 
' He had the fourfold perfection of good sense, of genius, of grace, and of virtue, as I have never seen 
them combined. How much I saw through his eyes ! I feel as if my own were very dim. He was 
born an orator, and looked forward to the debates of the Senate on great political questions as to his first 
and native element. And with reason; for in extempore debate his speech was music, and the precision, 
the flow, and the elegance of his discourse equally excellent. I shall never hear such speaking as his ; 
for his memory was a garden of immortal flowers, and all his reading came up to him as he talked. 
Who can ever supply his place to me? None. I may (though it is improbable) see many as cultivated 
persons; but his elegance, his wit, his sense, his worship of principles I shall not find them united 
I shall not find them separate. The eye is closed that was to see nature for me and give me leave to 
see ; the taste and soul which Shakspeare satisfied ; the soul which loved St. John and St. Paul, Isaiah 
and David; the acute discernment that divided the good from the evil in all objects around him in 
society, in politics, in church, in books, in persons ; the hilarity of thought which awakened good-humor 
and laughter without shame, and the endless endeavor after a life of ideal beauty these all are gone 
from my actual world and will here no more be seen. 

"I may be excused for having dwelt so long on Charles Chauncey Emerson, for he was my '"hum 
Curing the only year of my having a room within the college walls. We spent our Senior year together 
in No. 24 Holworthy, and my latest associations of college life were thus with him. We read a little of 
Plato together occasionally for a year or two afterwards, while we were studying law, and kept up our 
familiar intercourse and friendship to the end. But he was soon called higher, and I might have been 
pardoned for exclaiming : ' ffeu, quanta minus est cum reliquis versari quam tui meminisse! ' " . . . 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Joseph Angler. 

Born at Durham, N. H-., 24 April, 1808; son of 
Dr. John and Rebecca Angler ; member in Fresh- 
man and Sophomore years ; graduated with 1829 ; 
Harvard Divinity School, 1832 ; pastor of Unitarian 
church in New Bedford, 1835; Unitarian church 
in Milton, 1837; resigned, 1845; d. 1871. 

He married, 25 April, 1836, Elizabeth, dau. of 
Joseph and Anna Smith Rotch of New Bedford. 
Children : William Rotch, b. 1837 ; d. 1880. Jose- 
phine, b. 1840; m. Wm. Binney of Providence, 
1871. 



He published : 

An Eulogy of William Henry Harrison, delivered 
at Milton, 14 May, 1841. (Boston, 1841.) 
Self-reckoning, a sermon. (Boston, 1842.) 
The Class book contains his photograph. 

Horatio Dawes Appleton. 

Born at Baltimore, 11 Sept. 1808; d. 4 Sept. 
1828, the first death in the Class; memoir in the 
Class book by his brother, C. D. Appleton. 

Charles Bahbidge. 

Born in Salem, 27 Oct. 1806 ; teacher in Dux- 
bury for one year ; graduated at Harvard Divinity 
School, 1832 ; ordained at Pepperell, Mass. 13 
Feb. 1833 ; made chaplain (three months) of the 
Mass. Sixth Reg't, 1861 ; returned with them and 
enlisted for three years, as chaplain of Twenty- 
sixth Reg't Mass. Volunteers ; the semi-centennial 
of his settlement at Pepperell celebrated, 13 Feb. 
1883; received D.D. from Harvard, 1883; living 
at Pepperell. 

He married Eliza A. Bancroft. Children : John 
Laurens and Sarah Elizabeth Heald. 



He published : 

Claims of Congregational Churches. A centen- 
nial address : being a plea in vindication of the 
rights of the First Church in Pepperell, Mass., 
9 Feb. 1847. (Boston, 1847.) 

Also an historical address contained in 

1833. February 13, 1883. Semi-centennial 
Anniversary of the Ordination of Rev. Charles 
Babbidge, in Pepperell. 

The Class book has his photograph. 



Charles Francis Barnard. 

Born in Boston, 17 April, 1808 ; entered Sopho- 
more, 1825 ; graduated at Divinity School, 1831 ; 
appointed minister-at- large in Boston by the Amer. 
Unitarian Assoc. 1 Aug. 1832 ; began his mission- 
ary work to the children of Boston in the parlor of 
Dorothea L. Dix, 11 Nov. 1832; later conducted 
the work of the Warren Street Chapel, 1836 to 
1864 ; minister-at-large at Charlestown, Nov. 1869 ; 
continued in charge of the Harvard Chapel in 
Charlestown till 1878 ; in charge of Unitarian 
church in East Marshfield, 1878-79; continued 
there as minister-at-large ; on account of failing 
health turned over the Class records to Dr. Bow- 
ditch, 1881 ; d. at McLean Asylum, Somerville, 9 
Nov. 1884. 

There were memorial services in the chapel at 
West Newton, and at Warren Street Chapel, 
Boston, of which parts were printed, as was a 
sermon on him by James Freeman Clarke, which 
was printed in the Forty-ninth Annual Report of 
the Chapel, 1885 ; he was further commemorated at 
the Semi-centennial of the Chapel, 31 Jan. 1886. 

The account in the Class book is partly by him- 
self ; and partly by Dr. Bowditch ; followed by a 
summary of Barnard's missionary work by E. R. 
Butler. 

Children: Charles, New York; James Munson, 
Savannah, Ga. ; Frank Holmes, Fort Wayne, Ind. ; 
Samuel, West Newton, Mass. ; Sally, m. William 
Eustis Barker, West Newton, Mass. 



The Class library contains : 

A little volume which the Secretary lias marked 
" Stray leaves published at irregular times under 
the direction Of Rev. C. F. Barnard," which show 
his "peculiar methods of reaching the poor and 
their children." Some of these tracts are called 
" Chapel series," and they were printed 1835-37. 

A second volume, "Warren Street Chapel Re- 
ports, 1840-1880," contains more of these docu- 
ments. On the fly-leaves Dr. Bowditch gives a 
sketch of his own interest in the Chapel work, 
which was also furthered by Hillard and Fox. 

A bound volume of "Monographs: Class of 
1828," contains Barnard's "First Report, 1833," 
"Second, 1834"; "Semi-annual, 1845"; "Re- 
port, 1858," and Barnard's account of the Chapel 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



boys in the Civil War in "Occasional Papers of 
the Chapel," Boston, 1866, these filling gaps in 
the other series of Barnard's publications. 

The College Library contains his 

First and second report of his service as a min- 
ister-at-large in Boston, 1833, 1834, in American 
Unitarian Assoc. Tracts, vii. 76, 83. (Boston, 
1833-34.) 

Extracts from the Report of His Majesty's Com- 
missioners on the poor laws, 1834, dedicated to the 
Senate and House of Representatives of Massa- 
chusetts. [Edited by C. F. B.] (Boston, 1835.) 

The life of Collin Reynolds, the orphan boy and 
young merchant. (Boston, 1835.) 

Our New Year's Gift. (Boston, 1836.) 

To the Delegates of the Benevolent Societies of 
Boston [1836]. 

Reports of the Warren Street Chapel. (Boston, 
1838-1862.) 

The Chapel Hymn-book. Fourth ed. (Boston, 
1842.) In this he was associated with others as 
compilers. 

Circular [asking aid in helping the poor]. 
(Boston, 1851.) 

To the friends of the Warren Street Chapel. 
Dec. 1859. 

Appeal to bis friends. (Boston, 1866.) 

Good News, a monthly magazine. (Boston, 
1866, etc.) 

The Voice of the People. (Boston, 1870.) 

From friend to friend. [1871.] 

The land of the disinterested Washington (1887). 

Fifty years in the Field, or Extracts from the 
journal, letters, and scrap-book of a minister-at- 
large. (Boston, 1879.) [Issued in numbers.] 

The Class book has a photograph and wood-cut 
likeness. 

Arthur Howson Hooe Bernard. 

Entered Junior. Living at Fredericksburg, Va. 



The Class library contains : 

Discourse on the character and services of 
Andrew Jackson, delivered in Fredericksburg, 
July 5, 1845, by A. H. H. Bernard. Second ed. 
(Fredericksburg, 1883.) 

James Henry Blake. 

Born 7 Oct. 1808; son of Edward and Sarah 
(Parkman) Blake; entered Sophomore; left in 
Junior year ; d. 14 Aug. 1867. 

Henry Ingersoll Bowditch. 

Born in Salem, 9 Aug. 1808; entered in Sopho- 
more year ; sub-physician, Mass. General Hospital, 
1831-32 ; M.D. 1832 ; studied medicine in Europe, 
1833-35 ; member of the Amer. Acad. of Arts and 



Sciences, 1848 ; Jackson Professor of Clinical 
Medicine in Harvard University, 1859-1867 ; died 
14 Jan. 1892. 

He married, in New York, Olivia Yardley of 
London, July, 1838. Children: Nathaniel, b. 6 
Dec. 1839, killed in the Civil War, aged 23; 
Edward (H. C. 1869), m. Lucy Rathbone of 
Albany ; Olivia Yardley ; Vincent Yardley (H. C. 
1875), physician in Boston. 



Dr. Bowditch prepared two bibliographical lists 
of his writings, one of which is in the Class book, 
and the other in a volume in the Class library 
marked " Monographs. Bowditch. Vol. 2." In 
printing the following list the last-mentioned is 
taken as the basis, but a few data are added from 
other sources and from the other list. The Class- 
book list is prefaced as follows : " June 20, 1885. 
To-day I permanently put here this short resume 
of the evidences of my life-work, hitherto. I pre- 
sume I have virtually finished my course and I 
trust that I have generally kept the faith to my 
own convictions of whatever it was right or expe- 
dient to do, as the occasions have arisen. It has 
been my good fortune to be an humble, but active, 
earnest worker in the grand events which have led 
to the final destruction of ... slavery . . . During 
all these years, however, I have clung to the pro- 
fession of my choice . . . For further details I 
must refer to my MS. Glimpses of Life-work." In 
the MS. preface to the first volume of his " Mono- 
graphs " as bound by him for the Class library, he 
says: " In certain trains of thought and action I 
do not think my life has been vainly or mis-spent. 
... I have at times a greater force from a certain 
' inspiration,' which compels me to act and to 
speak in a manner and for certain ends without the 
least thought of others (especially opponents) save 
in a determination to compel them to believe as I 
have believed. I look back now (1887) on those 
days of inspiration with unmingled satisfaction. 
Among them I call to mind the Latimer times, and 
their results in the State ; the years spent in urging 
physicians to believe in Thoracentesis, and in the 
law of soil moisture as provocative of consumption 
first proved by me for New England and three 
years afterwards rediscovered by Buchanan of 
London, to hold good in England. I remember 
with joy my necessarily persistent but successful 
efforts to persuade Congress to establish a proper 
ambulance system for the fighting armies of the 
Republic. Subsequent to the peace I remember 
with joy the years of patient but delightful work 
which our State Board of Health carried on, bv 
which we endeavored to indoctrinate our people 
with the laws of health, climate, and race influ- 
ences, as governing intemperance, etc. Mingled 
with these I see a silver thread of purelyjreligio- 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



scientific study, year after year, of the wonderful 
mystery of life, as seen in the microscopic ova of 
the Lymnaea; and with this study appear me- 
morials of dear and honored friends, Louis, 
Twitchell, Deane, Jackson, Bigelow (with his 
philosophic calmness), Ellis, and Derby. Finally 
I cannot but remember with satisfaction the fact 
that the International Medical Congress which met 
in 1876, in Washington, D. C., voted to send my 
address on Public Hygiene in America to public 
bodies in all the States of this Union and to those 
of Canada, and that very recently Triibner of 
London has sent for it to meet orders from India." 
In 1878 Dr. Bowditch made up a collection of 
his pamphlet publications, and annotated some of 
them, and they are preserved in a bound volume 
in the College Library. 

Dr. Bowditch gives the following explanation 
of abbreviated references used in the appended 
list: 

AAS. American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 
AJMS. " Journal of Medical Sciences. 

AM A. " Medical Association. 

AMM. " Medical Monthly. 

AM. Atlantic Monthly. 
BMA. Boston Medical Almanac. 
BMSJ. " Medical and Surgical Journal. 
BP. " Pilot. 
BT. " Transcript. 
CB. Class Book of 1828. 

CMJR. Charleston (S. C.) Medical Journal and Review. 
CNC. " " News and Courier. 

CLO. Cincinnati Lancet and Observer. 

CD. City (Boston) Document. 
CHR. " " Hospital Report. 

CSJ. Common School Journal (Horace Mann's). 
DA. Daily (Boston) Advertiser. 
DP. Documents, relative to portrait of Pare 1 . 

I. Index (Boston). 

1C. International Medical Congress ("76), Centennial. 
LC. The Latimer case of a fugitive from slavery. 
Li. My own library. 
Lib. (Garrison's) Liberator. 
LMTG. London Medical Times and Gazette. 

LP. " Practitioner. 
Man. My own manuscripts. 

MMS. Massachusetts Medical Society Transactions. 
MSBH. " State Board of Health Reports. 

MC. Memorial Cabinet to my son who fell in the war. 
MR. Medical Records of all my patients from '31 to '87. 
NEY. New Englander and Yale Review (New Haven). 
NOP. New Orleans Picayune. 
NYA. New York Academy of Medicine. 
PD. Public Documents. 

S. Sanitarian (New York). 
SD. State Documents. 
SH. Boston Sunday Herald. 
UR. " Unitarian Review. 
WJ. " Woman's Journal. 
WSC. " Warren Street Chapel. 
YC. " Youth's Companion. 

Dr. Bowditch entitles the list of his publications 
a " Catalogue of my chief manuscripts and publi- 
cations since 1831. Glimpses of my life-work since 
leaving Alma Mater in 1828." 



Exercises at the Green Street School in Salem : 

Latin dialogue and two single pieces (1822). MC. 

Harvard Exhibition : Latin dialogue (1827). CB. 

Conference (1828). CB. 

Conference at Commencement (1828). CB. 

Notes on Dr. James Jackson's Physiology 

(1829-30). Man. 

Notes of Dr. James Jackson's lectures, Harvard 
Medical School (1831). Man. 

Notes of Jacob Bigelow's lectures, Harvard 
Medical School (1831). Man. 

Notes of John Ware's lectures, Harvard Medical 
School (1831). Man. 

Notes of Dr. Jackson's Theory and Practice of 
Medicine (1832). Man. 

Notes of Louis' lectures at La Pitie, Paris 
(1832). Man. 

Notes of Prof. Jouffroy, on Philosophy (1832). 

Man. 

Translation of Louis on Typhoid fevers. 2 vol. 
(Boston, 1836.) 

on Phthisis. (Cowan's, amended.) 1vol. 

(Boston, 1836.) 

Reminiscences of Dr. Jackson, Jr., and of 
Charles C. Emerson (my classmates). 

For the children of the Warren Street Chapel. (Boston, 
1836.) 

Translation of Maunoir on Cataract (1837). 

M. was a very dear friend of Jackson and myself, while in 
Paris. Intellectually and morally he held the highest rank. 
He was from Switzerland and became eminent as a physician 
at Geneva, where he died. 

Louis' ' ' Proper method of examining a 

patient" (1838). Li. 

Medical Records of every patient treated from 
1839 till 1887. MR. 

These records have been of immense value to me not only 
by enabling me to know the exact cause of diseases, or con- 
dition of private patients during long series of years; but 
from them I have been able to glean almost all the data 
needed in whatever publications I have made during my 
professional life. They are in one hundred (Jan. 1, 1887) 
bound volumes of pocket records-books and of from 800 to 
1000 pages in each volume. 

Remarks on Dr. Martyn Paine's unjust criticism 
of Louis and of his "Numerical method" (1840). 

BMSJ. 

Rejoinder to Martyn Paine (1840). BMSJ. 

Life of Nathaniel Bowditch, LL.D., for children, 
prepared at the request of Hon. Horace Mann 
(1840). CSJ. 

This memoir in the Common School Journal was the germ 
of the life of father, prepared for the children of the Warren 
Street Chapel in 1840, and also of a second edition under the 
title of "Nat the Navigator" in 1870, by Shepard & Lee, 
Boston. 

Short sentences on Auscultation (1841). BMA. 
A pocket volume. The germ of the " Young Stethoscopist." 



8 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



Dr. Ricaud, Correspondence with; declining to 
have commercial relations for pecuniary profit with 
slave holders (1842). Lib., LC. 

My private letter published. Comments by newspapers 
North and South (ride Appendix to the Latimer case). 

The Latimer Case (1842). Li. 

George Latimer was a fugitive slave arrested in and re- 
turned from Boston. It was my first slave case. The 
" case " is contained in a thick quarto volume, containing 
" The Latimer Journal," " The Great Petitions to Congress 
and to the Legislature of Massachusetts "; comments from 
friends and foes (among the latter being an article from the 
Law Review). As giving a compact and somewhat complete 
history of the events, I do not think there is another similar 
work. The " Journal," with which I had little to do save to 
help spread it broadcast over the State, ceased after the tenth 
number. Its last issue gives the result of our labors in 
arousing public opinion to such a degree that when " The 
Great Massachusetts Petition" was presented to the legisla- 
ture it was promptly received, and a law was passed forbid- 
ding the use of jails for the keeping of runaway slaves and 
our State officers from helping to return them. One journal 
called the Latimer case the " Somerset case " of New Eng- 
land. The United States had the right to take and carry 
back slaves, and to prepare her own jails for their safe keep- 
ing, but Massachusetts, then and there, freed herself, so far 
as was possible, from the vile traffic. As I now (1886) look 
back upon those fifteen days of excitement and of labor I do 
so with unmingled satisfaction at the thought that I was not 
a laggard or a poltroon in those great hours, as, in their 
ultimate results, they surely were. 

Trichina spiralis (March 22, 1842). BMSJ. 

A case and an analysis of cases recorded by others ; with 
plates illustrating the microscopic appearances. Modern 
science has revealed much that was unknown. 



Lymnaea (1845-49). 



Man. 

Development of ova of these minute snails, I studied 
with intense delight for four successive springs after Dr. 
Jeffries Wyman first showed them to me under his micro- 
scope. I saw, and yet I saw not, life developing under my 
eye through the microscope ! " a perpetual miracle," as 
Huxley finely calls it. During these hours of observation, 
year by year, my microscope was my noblest cathedral for 
the highest religious thought. I said to Agassiz : " I see that 
these minute germs of the snail in their revolutions upon 
their own axes and in their elliptical movements in their 
eggshells, obey laws similar to those governing the motions 
of the heavenly bodies." "Exactly so," was his quick 
response. 

The manuscript of these investigations fills 117 folio pages, 
wlosely written, with copious illustrations of the various 
periods of development from the primordial mass of granules, 
as seen immediately after the egg is deposited from the ovary, 
up to the perfect animal. Specimens of various kinds of 
abnormal cell-development are given. In one egg was seen 
a parasite living and growing with the snail, neither of them 
apparently interfering with the other. Soon after showing 
the paper to Agassiz, I was chosen into the American Acad- 
emy of Arts and Sciences, with, as I have reason to believe, 
Agassiz as one of my sponsors. The professor commended 
the paper and said to me : " You show us the development 
of the snail after leaving the ovary of its parent. To make 
the cycle complete you should now show us the gradual de- 
velopment of the ovum in the ovary of the adult." Accord- 
ingly I tore one or two of the living snails to see the ovary 
in situ. But I soon found vivisection, even of this humble 
creature, very distasteful and painful to me, and as I did 
not think that any beneficial result would come from the 
work, I let the " cycle " remain incomplete. 



A League for Freedom (1846). Man. 

Prepared by a committee of forty appointed by a very 
earnest and crowded meeting at Fanueil Hall. This meeting 
was called to protest against the illegal act by John II. 
Pi-arson, a Boston merchant, in secretly sending back to 
Savannah a negro, who, having concealed 'limseif on board 
one of the Boston and Savannah packets, had reached 
Boston. He was kept on board the vessel during its tay in 
Boston, confined and in secresy. When the news came out, 
after the vessel sailed for the South, the excitement and in- 
dignation at the act was very great. I was secretary of the 
committee, and issued the " Appeal to Massachusetts on the 
encroachments of the slave power." 

History of the establishment of the Boston 
Society for Medical Observation (1846). Man. 

Similar to the Societe Medicale d'Observation of which 
Louis was the president. It was formed at my office and 
was composed of a few persons who wished to cultivate the 
habit of accurately recording cases, and who were willing 
to submit to the criticism of their peers. It was reorganized 
in 1872 and enlarged, and has become a Medical Journal 
Club of value to all ; but its criticisms have fallen off in 
proportion. 

The Young Stethoscopist. A small pocket 
" Vade Mecum" for students and practitioners. 
With plates. (Boston, 1846.) Li. 

Messrs. Wood & Co. of New York asked the privilege of 
issuing a second edition (1848). It was larger in size and 
much less convenient than the first edition, pp. 303. 

Introductory lecture to a course of clinical 
lectures at the Massachusetts General Hospital 
(1848). Li., Man. 

Umbilical hemorrhage in new-born children 
(1849). BMSJ. 

Malignant disease cured by a bread and milk 
diet (1849). CMJR. 

Dr. Amos Twitchell the patient. A very interesting and 
instructive case. 

Preface to Ancient Fortification in Ohio, with a 
plan by Winthrop Sargent in 1787 (1850). AAS. 

This paper by Sargent was found by me, hidden in the 
library of the American Academy, and published in its 
memoirs. 

Memoir of Amos Twitchell, M.D., with an ap- 
pendix containing his addresses. (Boston, 1851.) 

Li. 
Thoracentesis in pleural effu- p ttpe r. Vol. NO. 



sions (1852-83). 
(1854.) (Separate print, 

New York.) 
(1857.) (Separate print, 

Boston.) 

12 yrs. experience (1863). 

Before New York Acad. 

Med. (New York, 1870.) 

Letters to Dr. Clifford 

(1873). 

Letters to Dr. Holiday, 

Cincinnati (1876). 

Remarks, Surg. Section 

Am. Med. Assoc. (1877). 

Dangers, etc. (1880). 



1st 1 12 AJMS. 



2d 1 11 AMM. 



3d 1 13 BMSJ. 
4th 2 6 AJMS. 



5th 3 17 NYA. 



6th 3 18 LP. 



7th 4 13 CLO. 



8th 4 16 AMA. 
9th 4 24 BMSJ. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Two fatal cases pleurisy 

(1882). Would not thora- 

centesis have saved life? 10th 4 37 BMSJ. 

Value of antiseptics in 

empyena (1883). llth 4 43 BMSJ. 

Case of dilated bronchi. Autopsy (1852). BMSJ. 

Report of a Committee of the Suffolk District 
Medical Society on intermittent fever in Chelsea. 
(Boston, 1853.) BMSJ. 

Effects of a dam. 

A treatise on diaphragmatic hernia. (Buffalo, 
1853.) Buffalo Med. Journal, BMSJ. 

A very curious one, with an analysis of 88 cases found 
recorded from 1610. It was most engrossing and delightful 
work, made more pleasant hy the fact that I used Louis' 
method in the preparation of the paper. (In 1884, an Eng- 
lish medical critic quotes it as one " of the permanent con- 
tributions to medical literature.") 

Anti-Man hunting league (cujus pars fui) 
records, etc. (1854). MC. 

The rendition to slavery of Anthony Burns under the 
military power of Massachusetts, guarding every avenue to 
State and Court Streets from the Court House to the end of 
Long Wharf, and with a United States marine battery in the 
rear of the negro ; and the slave's march, with its horrible 
details, under that most infamous act " The Fugitive Slave 
Bill," were the immediate causes of the formation of the 
league. We had seen enough of the violence of the slave 
catchers and of the subserviency of their Northern abetters 
to make us feel that a " retort courteous " was called for. 
Accordingly the above league was conceived by two of us 
spectators. Our plan was to run off the slave-agent in case 
he declined to give up his victim after we had made reason- 
able propositions to him to that effect. It was a secret, 
oath-bound club. We met in Boston, regularly for some 
time, and had a regular drill carried on. By it we learned 
how to speedily lay a man down and to carry him in spite of 
his utmost efforts out of the room, without injuring him. 
One of the party acted as slaveholder and he was urged to 
use the most violent measures in order to prevent us from 
carrying out our purpose. Tiie league's object was to take 
the slave-agent from Boston and keep him concealed at one 
of our country lodges until we gained our end, the freeing 
of the fugitive slave. We had 24 lodges in as many towns 
and 469 members. All classes were represented all three 
of the professions, various trades, and not a few laborers 
were of our number. We kept up our drills and consulta- 
tions until Sumter fell and the Civil War broke out. 

Anthony Burns, with this great military display, was the 
last slave retumed from the North by the civil power. 

The records and description of our method are now in the 
Memorial Cabinet to A. A. A. G. Lieut. Nathaniel Bowditch. 
Curious relics they are and the objects we had in view may 
seem absurd to modern thought, but they show to what ex- 
tremities we Abolitionists were driven in opposition to the 
insane idea that American slavery was the corner stone of 
the American Constitution. Wrong-headed and absurd as 
the plan may seem to many if not all " reasonable " persons, 
I am proud to remember that I was among the first of those 
who advocated physical resistance to slavery as we saw it in 
the North. 

Cases of an anomalous development of tubercles 
at the base of the lung, resembling pneumonia. 
Separately printed (New York, 1855) from AMM. 

Canoe trip down the Penobscot from the head- 
waters to Bangor (1856). Li., Man. 



Journey to residence at the Isles of Shoals 
(1856). . Li., Man. 

Raw pork as an aliment. Separate print (Bos- 
ton, 1857) from BMSJ. 
Believed by Indian guides to be more nutritious than 
when cooked. 

Life and character of James Deane : an address 
(Aug. 4) at Greenfield. (Greenfield, 1858.) Li. 
Circular to the patrons of the Bowditch Library, 
with the documents on the occasion of its being 
presented to the Public Library of the City of 
Boston (Aug. 28, 1858). [Signed by Dr. Bowditch 
with the other sons of Nathaniel Bowditch, LL.D.] 
Burns centennial. Speech. Published in the 
Proceedings of the Committee. (Boston, 1859.) Li. 
Double aortic aneurism ; a cause of lung disease 
(Nov. 21, 1861). BMSJ. 

Peculiar aneurism of the left venticle of the 
heart. Case. (Dec. 5, 1861.) BMSJ. 

Songs of the people during the war of the Re- 
bellion (1861-64). MC. 
Like the "Latimer case," this is probably a unique 
volume. It consists chiefly of newspaper clippings of 
poetry. It illustrates well the phases of public opinion 
during the war, from the earliest hours of deep despair and 
a falling back upon God, as our only hope, up to the paeans 
of thanksgiving for a " glorious peace " and the " Commem- 
oration Ode " at Harvard ! The volume closes with over 100 
old-fashioned, "broad-side" songs. I saw them stretched 
upon a line attached to the railing of the King's Chapel 
burying-ground. Poetry from both sides appears in it, 
" Butler the Beast," "De Niggers on de Fence," Dixie air 
with patriotic Northern verses. 

Memorials of Massachusetts soldiers, etc., who 
fell during the Rebellion (1861-64). MC. 

Chiefly newspaper scraps, manuscript letters from friends 
of the fallen; my own reminiscences, and anecdotes of 
some; and 150 (in two vols.) photographs most of them 
of young martyrs from Massachusetts. 
Journey to Mt. Desert, Me. (1861). Li., Man. 
Topographical distribution and local origin of 
consumption in Massachusetts. In Medical Com- 
munications of Mass. Med. Soc. ; and separately 
printed. (Boston, 1862.) Li. 

In this address I first proved to the world that one of the 
prime factors of consumption is a residence on a damp soil. 
It is in fact, I claim, a great cosmic law. 

Report to William J. Dale, Surgeon-General, 
Massachusetts (Oct. 1, 1862). Li. 

Signed by G. II. Gay ; but embracing experiences of Dr. 
Bowditch. 

Letter to Governor Andrew on the hospitals in 
and.around Washington, D. C. (1862). PD. 

Seven pamphlets on the urgent need of an ambu- 
lance corps qf men, trained to take care of our 
wounded soldiers (1862). Li. 

These pamphlets were, I believe, of service. At the 
time of my first report to Governor Andrew, the wounded 
were left for hours, and perhaps to die, on the battlefield 
without help! Our Massachusetts Senators, Sumner and 
Wilson, seemed indifferent to my appeal. The latter rather 
ridiculed my suggestion. I spread the pamphlets every, 
where. Public opinion finally was aroused and it forced 



10 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



politicians to act and do simple justice to our wounded. 
The sufferings of my son at Kelly's Ford and what I saw 
during an ambulance drive to the battlefield of Centreville 
stimulated me to the most strenuous efforts. I look back 
upon these efforts and to the results thereof with unmingled 
satisfaction. Two months after opposing with scorn my own 
or any plan, Mr. Wilson introduced into the United States 
Senate (see below) an order looking to the result I hoped 
for. ( Vide Daily Papers, vol. 2, Nos. 11, 14-19.) 

Sketch of the life and character of Nathaniel 
Bowditch, LL.D., made at the dedication of the 
Bowditch School (Jan. 7, 1862). Separate issue 
from CD. 

This schoolhouse lasted less than 20 years, when the 
necessities of business destroyed it, and the new school- 
houses had new names. 

Journey to the Saranac Lakes (1863). Li., Man. 

Apology for the medical profession, as a means 
of developing the whole nature of man [as a physi- 
cal, intellectual, moral, and religious being]. Ad- 
dress (March 11) to the students of the Harvard 
Medical School, and published at their request. 
With additional remarks on a topic of importance 
at the present hour. (Boston, 1863.) Li. 

This appendix is the following " Brief Plea." 

A brief plea for an ambulance system for the 
army of the United States, as drawn from the 
extra sufferings of the late Lieut. Bowditch and a 
wounded comrade. (Boston, 1863.) 

In the above "Apology" I had urged upon the youths 
before me, some of whom I knew were about to enter the 
army (at one time all of the older students volunteered as 
medical cadets), to take tender care of those wounded in 
the sacred war then going on. Within a week from that 
moment my eldest son fell mortally wounded, and as there 
was no ambulance corps to care for him, a stranger gave 
him his own horse and with difficulty placed him thereon 
and led the animal off the field, the wounded officer leaning 
forward and clinging to the horse's neck. This was torture 
owing to the severe wound in the abdomen of which he 
subsequently died. This fact drove me almost to despair 
and this Plea (appended to the address and also spread 
freely as a single document) was the result. In it I spared 
no one whom I deemed blameworthy for this gross neglect 
of our patriot young soldiers. I sent it everywhere in the 
Northern States. Its concluding sentences cite our two 
Massachusetts Senators (Wilson and Sumner) as recreants 
to the calls of humanity and of common prudence in their 
opposition or neglect to do something towards the establish- 
ment of some system in our armies for the proper care of the 
wounded. 

The Ambulance system (1864). Li. 

From the North American Review, with a preface by H. 
I. B. When the Review took up my side of the question I 
felt sure of success. 

Is consumption ever contagious? A paper pre- 
pared for the Boston Society for Medical Observa- 
tion. (Boston, 1864.) Li. 

I hold the affirmative. 

Reception by the teachers and pupils of Notre 
Dame Academy (1864). BP. 

My connections with three Catholic institutions for in- 
struction and for hospital care have always, save twice, been 
of a most delightful character. I learned to respect Sisters 



of Charity in the Paris hospitals. Soon after coming home 
I became acquainted with that most remarkable woman, 
Sister Anne Alexis. She was one of the most thoroughly 
Christian, lovable, intelligent, bright, and happy women I 
ever met. We were like brother and sister, and for years I 
was the sole physician of her orphan asylum. When the 
Carney Hospital was established by the donation of Mr. 
Carney's house and grounds, Sister Anne came to me for 
help in organizing the staff. When she died I was asked to 
be one of her pall bearers in the Catholic church, and I was 
only too glad to pay that last tribute of respect to her dear 
memoiy. In consequence of my long connection with Sister 
Anne I was asked to give medical and other counsel to the 
first Sister Superior of the Academy of Notre Dame. By 
my advice the community was removed to its present site in 
Berkeley Street, the land being bought at a moderate sum 
soon after the beginning of the filling in of the Back Bay. 
The community had been established in the low lands hi the 
vicinity of Charles River, and one winter's night the tides 
flowed into the cellar so plentifully that the furnace fires 
were put out! I told them to come to Berkeley Street 
where they could be above all tides, resting upon 15 or 18 
feet of country gravel. . . . 

With these two exceptions my relations with all Catholics 
have been of the most pleasant nature, like those between 
the Catholic Bishop Fenwick of Boston and my father dur- 
ing his last days. That worthy and liberal prelate ordered 
the cathedral bell not to be rung at one time, for fear of dis- 
turbing the rest of the dying Protestant. 

Journey to and residence among the Saranac 
Lakes (1864). Man. 

Memorials of Lieut. Nathaniel Bowditch, A. A. 
G. of First Cavalry Brigade, Second Division, 
Army of the Potomac killed while leading a 
charge at Kelly Ford, Va. (1868. Privately 
printed, 50 copies.) MC. 

Memoir of the same, with many illustrations, 
photographs, etc. (1865). Man., MC. 

Four volumes of letters to and from Lieut. 
Nathaniel Bowditch, and others received after his 
fall. My journals of visits "to the front" and to 
battlefields, etc. (1865). MC. 

Review of Dr. Horace Green's work on Con- 
sumption ; topical applications to the throat (1865). 

BMSJ. 

Report on the Boston Public Library by the 
Examining Committee (1865). CD. 

I regret to say that by its plain statements of some short- 
comings of management, annoyance was given to some of 
the oldest of the trustees. 

Aortic aneurism. Treatment, rest, venesection, 
diet (1866). BMSJ. 

American Medical Association at Cincinnati 
(1866). Li., Man. 

Paris Abattoir: Hippophagic banquet (1867). 

BMSJ. 

Journal: visit to Europe (1867). Li., Man. 

Hippophagy. Reprinted from the New York 
Medical Journal, Aug. 1868. (New York, 1868.) 

Cases of perinephritic abscess and its treatment. 
Read before the Boston Society for Medical Ob- 
servation (1868). BMSJ. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



II 



Consumption in New England and elsewhere ; 
cor soil moisture one of its chief causes. (Boston, 
1868.) Li. 

Prefatory and historical remarks to a second edition of 
the address on consumption, printed separately. The Col- 
lege Library has a copy with MS. notes by the author. 

Down the St. Lawrence and up the Saguenay 
(1869). Li., Man. 

Report of the Committee on Climatology and 
Epidemics in Massachusetts, 1868-69. Phila- 
delphia. Extracted from the Proceedings (18G9) 
of the AMA. 

Consumption in America. In Atlantic Monthly 
(1869, Jan., Feb., March) and printed separately. 

Remarks at the first meeting of the State Board 
of Health of Massachusetts (1869). BSBH. 

My estimate of the noble ends to he held hi view. 

Just claims of Morton as discoverer of etheriza- 
tion (1869-74). BMSJ. 

Dr. Bowditch also signed a circular soliciting aid for Dr. 
Morton's family, etc. 

Appeal made by the Carney Hospital. (1869, 
a circular.) Li. 

Medical testimony and experts. A report to the 
Suffolk District Med. Soc. (1870). BMSJ. 

Visit to Europe. [H. I. andO. B.] (1870.) Man. 

Perinephritic abscess ; lung disease and pleurisy 
(1870). CHR. 

Letter from the Chairman of the State Board of 
Health concerning houses for the people, convales- 
cent homes, and the sewage questions. (Boston, 
Dec. 10, 1870.) MSBH. 

Letter to the London Med. Times and Gazette, 
criticisms of Oppolzers and Niemeyer's inefficient 
treatment of perinephritic abscess (1870). Man. 

Thoracentesis and its general results during 
twenty years of professional life. Remarks made 
at a meeting of the New York Academy of Medi- 
cine, 7 April, 1870. Published by order of the 
Academy. (New York, 1870.) NY A. 

Papers, annually in Reports of Board of Health, 
1st to 7th, inclusive [vide below]. (Boston, 1870- 
76.) MSBH. 

Intemperance. Circular to U. S. Consuls in 
foreign countries. Analysis of returns and deduc- 
tion of a cosmic law (1870). MSBH. 

Night stroll, in London and Boston (1870). 

MSBH. 

Peabody buildings for the poor. Miss Hill 
(1870). MSBH. 

Sewage, etc. Ruskin's organized work (1871). 

MSBH. 

Convalescent homes : earth closets (1871). 

MSBH. 

Capital and philanthrophy in London. Miss 
Coutts (1871). MSBH. 

Venesection : its abuse formerly, its neglect at 
the present day. Separate reprint (1872) from 

MMS. 



Intemperance in New England. How shall we 
treat it? The data from official police reports 

(1872). BMSJ. 

I contended for the State Board of Health. My col. 
leagues, much to my regret, declined to publish the paper. 
Before Boston Soc. Mod. Observation. 

Brief Memoirs of Louis and some of his con- 
temporaries in the Parisian School of Medicine of 
forty years ago (with manuscript letters from 
Mad. Louis, Sir Thomas Watson, etc.). Read 
before and published by the Boston Soc. of Med. 
Observation. (Boston, 1872.) 

Analysis of a correspondence on some of the 
causes of consumption (1872). MSBH. 

Intemperance as governed by cosmic and social 
law. How can we become a temperate people? 
Reprinted from the report (1872) of MSBH. 

Prohibition or license? Mild wines and beer? Grog- 
shops. Climate and race influence. 

N. B. (1886). All grog-shops call themselves "lager 
beer" saloons; hence my reasoning fails. 

Analysis of the correspondence on the use and 
abuse of intoxicating drinks throughout the globe ; 
or, Intemperance as seen in the light of cosmic 
law. [With an Appendix.] (Boston, 1872.) 

Coggia's comet : Observations on, while at 
Chateaugay Lake (1874). Man. 

Third Annual Report of the Boston Cooperative 
Building Company. (Boston, 1874.) 

Dr. Bowditch prepared a part of this report. 

Preventive medicine and the physician of the 
future. Separate print (1874) from the Fifth 
Annual Report of the MSBH. 

State medicine and public hygiene. An address 
before the Am. Med. Assoc. Separate print 
(Philadelphia, 1875) from the Transactions of 
the AMA. 

Memorials of Dr. George Derby. Read before 
the Am. Academy of Arts and Sciences (1875). 

AAS. 

Dr. D. was one of the noblest of men. Before the war, 
scarcely known to the profession save as an honorable 
gentleman apparently as devoted to music as to the profes- 
sion. On the breaking out of the contest and fall of Sumter, 
he renewed his youth, took again special lessons in surgery, 
and then offered himself to Gov. Andrew for a post in a 
Massachusetts regiment then forming. Our War Governor 
gladly accepted and appointed him to the 23d Regiment 
Mass. Volunteers. He gradually rose, through the offices 
of Medical Inspector in Virginia and North Carolina ; Sur- 
geon-in-Chief of Division, and, finally, was brevetted Lieut.- 
Col. U. S. Volunteers. He served during the war and prob- 
ably contracted his fatal disease while so occupied. After 
the war he became surgeon at the City Hospital, and entered 
upon an honorable career of civil life. Always interested in 
sanitary science he became more so during his army life. In 
1869 he became the first Secretary of the Mass. State Board 
of Health. He felt it a golden opportunity for carrying out 
his views of preventive medicine. With a noble self-sacrifice 
he determined to resign at the City Hospital and all private 
practice and devote himself wholly to the grand object 
which we all had in view. Never was there a man more 
wise, more cautious, but energetic, than he was during the 



12 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



remainder of his life. He was of incalculable service to the 
Board and to the public. He died in office lamented by all. 

Report on the sanitary condition of the State 
Prison at Charlestown (1875). [Signed by H. I. 
Bowditch, Richard Frothingham, and C. F. 
Folsom.] 

Electrolysis in thoracic aneurism. Read at a 
meeting of the Suffolk District Medical Society, 
March 27, 1875. Separate reprint (1875) from 

BMSJ. 

Epidemic among horses, showing well the evils 
of bad hygienic influence (1875). BSBH. 

Journey to and residence at Chateaugay Lake 
(1875). Li., Man. 

Inebriate asylums or hospitals. From the Sixth 
Report (1875) of the MSBH. 

Sanitary hints. From the Seventh Report 
(1876) of the Mass. State Board of Health. Ty- 
phoid fever, etc. Separate issue from the MSBH. 

Closing remarks at the meeting of the American 
Medical Association. (1876, no place.) 

Public hygiene in America. Centennial address 
(Sept. 5) before an International Medical Congress 
at Washington, D. C. (1876). Separately printed 
from the Transactions of the 1C. 

The Congress voted to send the address to the Governors 
of the several States and Territories for transmission to the 
legislatures : to the Sanitary Boards, and State Societies 
(Med.) and Sanitary Boards, of the various States of the 
Union and of the Dominion of Canada. When Dr. S. D. 
Gross, President of the Congress, asked me to deliver an 
address on " public hygiene " I declined on the ground that 
properly speaking, there was no " public hygiene " or any 
thought of " preventive State medicine " in the country. 
" Then," replied he, " we will have no address on the sub- 
ject." Immediately I answered " nay " to that decision, and 
said that if he wished I could tell of our shortcomings on 
that point. To that suggestion he gladly gave consent. Of 
course I felt gratified that my appeal in behalf of State pre- 
ventive medicine was so commended by the Congress. 

Prefatory remarks to the American edition of 
Dr. John Simon's "Filth diseases." (Boston, 
1876.) Li. 

Printed under the direction of the Mass. State Board of 
Health. 

Public hygiene in America, being the Centennial 
discourse delivered before the International Medi- 
cal Congress, Philadelphia, Sept. 1876, with ex- 
tracts from correspondence from the several 
States ; together with a digest of American sani- , 
tary law by Henry G. Pickering, Esq. (Boston, 
1877.) Li. 

Memoir of K. D. P. (Katharine Day Putnam), 
the young lady to whom Lieut. Nathaniel Bowditch 
was engaged (vide 1865 memorials of N. B.), and 
illustrations by friendly artistic hands (1876). 
2 vols. 4". Man., MC. 

Empyema, Treatment of, in a letter to Dr. Hol- 
liday (187G). CLO. 

President's address before the American Medi- 
cal Association at its meeting (June) in Chicago 



(Boston 1877.) Journal of journey to and doings 
there. BMSJ., AMA., Man. 

Memorial tribute to Dr. L. P. Yamlell of Louis- 
ville, Ky. (1877). BMSJ. 

Journal of the meeting of the American Medical 
Association. (Buffalo, 1878.) Li., Man. 

Remarks at the opening of the Boston Medical 
Library (1878). Li. 

Epidemic of diphtheria at Ferrisburg, Vt. 
Printed separately (1878) from the Transactions 
of the AMA. 

Journey to Chateaugay and Mt. Washington 
(1878). Li., Man. 

Remarks on the death of Dr. John B. S. Jackson 
(1879). BMSJ. 

At the time of his death " facile princeps " as morbid 
anatomist in New England, and a most honest, high-minded 
man. No one has ever exactly or equally filled his place. 

Cholera in New York as described by Dr. Jacob 
Bigelow (1879). BMSJ. 

Dr. B. as a philosopher and man, after blindness and 
physical helplessness had seized him. Admirable spectacle 
of contented resignation. Dr. John Ware, a most worthy 
son of a most revered sire v . 

Prevention of consumption. A series of articles 
in the "Youth's Companion" (1880). YC. 

Sanitary organization of nations. A paper read 
before the Boston Society for Medical Improve- 
ment, Dec. 8, 1879 (1880), with a preface ad- 
dressed " To all citizens of Massachusetts who 
desire that sanitary work may not fail of its highest 
fulfilment in future years in this Commonwealth." 

BMSJ. 

In addition to the general subject, I have in the paper 
protested against the grotesque combination of lunacy and 
charity with health. I was a member from the origin of the 
State Board of Health in 1869. The combination under the 
title of Board of Health, Lunacy, and Charity I soon found 
was fatal to all efficient sanitary work. The new board had 
been foolishly and for a political purpose recommended by 
the Governor and was accordingly created by the legislature. 
It was continued from July 1 till 1886. In vain I tried to 
break up this grotesque alliance; but nothing could be 
done. In 1880 I resigned my membership " as a protest." 
The amount of sanitary work had steadily lessened. It was 
impossible it could be otherwise. One year no sanitary 
report was made. Men were made chairmen who neither 
knew nor cared about sanitary matters. But the climax of 
absurdity was reached when a chairman declared to a news- 
paper reporter that the whole work about sanitation was a 
farce and that, for his part, he thought every one could be 
his own sanitary inspector and doctor. Finally, there was 
only one member (Dr. Walcott) remaining on the board who 
seemed to care for, or work for the great ends which we 
began with (1869) . His term of service expiring, Governor 
Robinson refused to reappoint him. In vain (in an inter- 
view which the Governor granted to me) I protested against 
this, on the ground that it would be gratifiying to the 
enemies of the board and would be the final blow to the 
idea of sanitary work in Massachusetts. Fortunately, the 
Massachusetts Medical Society effectually carried the day 
by petitions and Governor Robinson was induced to recom- 
mend the abolition of the Board of Health, Lunacy, and 
Charity and the re-establishment of simple Board of Health 
with vastly greater powers than the old one had. He nom- 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



inatcd Dr. Walcott chairman. This change was brought 
about by flooding the State with petitions from physicians 
belonging to every quarter of the State, and public opinion, 
as in the Latimer case, gained its end. I have given the 
above details as a warning for us to avoid, if possible, all 
combinations of sanitary with any other work, however 
good, but which has no relation to sanitary labors. 

Laparotomy. Its great future (Feb. 3, 1881). 

BMSJ. 

On this question when an opinion (given by me in case of 
very threatening, painful, and finally fatal disease) was 
criticised as an extraordinary one and wholly unwarranted, 
I claimed that under similar circumstances I would give the 
same advice again. I added, also, that I believed the 
opinion of my critic would be eventually looked upon as we 
regard the cautions given in the middle ages in regard to 
operations unhesitatingly done at the present day under the 
glorious uprising of modern antiseptic and clean surgery. 

In connection with the above see BMSJ., 3 Dee. 1885. 
Dr. Minot's case and my reply ; also manuscript criticism in 
iny own library. 

The three climates of New England; viz., the 
oceanic, the shore, and the inland (1881). BMSJ. 

The Garrison Mob. In Oct. 19, 1881, of DA. 

Criticism of Mr. Ames's views about the "legal" work 
done by the authorities. This mob (1835) made me an Abo- 
litionist and the absurd position of Mr. Ames I thought 
ought to be exposed. I know nothing more grotesque than 
to say that anything legal was efficiently done by the author- 
ities at that time. The mob was composed of " men of 
property and standing." 

My letter to Dr. Porcher, of Charleston, S. C., 
on the advantages to mankind of establishments of 
Boards of Health by various States (Dec. 31, 
1881). CNC. 

Good not only for the present but for all future times. 

The Temperance alliance and Dr. Bowditch 
(Dec. 2, 1881). BT. 

My letter to Rev. A. A. Miner, D.D. While considering 
" prohibition " as generally understood to be impracticable, 
and impossible to be enforced, I was willing to vote to shut 
up all open grog-shops. 

Medical education of women : the present hostile 
position of the Harvard Medical School and of the 
Massachusetts Medical Society. What remedies 
therefor can be suggested (Sept. 29, 1881). BMSJ. 

Dr. Elliott of New Orleans proves that the truth 
of the law of soil moisture (1862) as discovered 
by myself, and by Dr. Buchanan three years after- 
wards in England, holds good at New Orleans 
(Jan. 23, 1882). NOP. 

Venesection, its (occasionally) great value. Re- 
marks on Dr. Dunn's case (April 8, 1882). BMSJ. 

Letter to the Sanitarian ; views on national and 
state sanitation (Dec. 8, 1882). S. 

Moral education in schools ; in a letter to a 
teacher, Mr. Fisher of Brooklyn, N. Y., who had 
asked me to give an opinion on the question 
(1882). Li. 

In ty I gave my experiences at school and at college of 
the vile influence of prizes and " marks " in developing low 
instead of lofty ambition, and a comparison of one's self with 
others and not with one's own highest ideal of what he hull- 
self can become. (See Mr. F.'s circular.) 



Two fatal cases of pleuritic effusion. Would not 
thoracentesis have saved life (1882)? Reprinted 
at Cambridge (Jan. 19) from BMSJ. 

In this pamphlet is related a case in which a modern Ger- 
man clinical teacher was apparently as much opposed to 
aspiration hi 1882 as the Boston surgeon was in the second 
case twenty-five years before. Both lives were, I think, lost 
by folly and ignor-nce, one in Berlin the other in Boston. 
Advice to travellers in Europe afflicted with pleurisy to 
seek for Dieulafoy at Paris. (Suff. Dis. Med. Soc., Dec. 8, 
1881.) 

Defence of the National Board of Health from 
an insinuation by the editor of the Boston Daily 
Advertiser, that as the board has been accused of 
doing little it had then an opportunity to study 
cholera in Mexico (Jan. 8, 1883). DA. 

In reply I claimed that the board could do no such thing, 
because all its funds had been taken from it and given to the 
Marine Hospital Service, and it had been itself treated con- 
temptuously by the President of the United States. 

Brief remarks made at a political primary meet- 
ing on the duty of every citizen to attend and take 
part in such meetings and of voting afterwards 
(Dec. 5, 1883). Daily papers and circulars, Li. 

I made the remarks on the spur of the moment, and they 
were used for circulation in the ward. I claimed that a man 
who takes no interest in politics cares nothing for his country, 
which is true doctrine, I think. 

Circular signed, with others, by me urging the 
colored people not to vote for Gen. Butler, on the 
ground that he would be faithless to them (1883). 

Li. 

Garibaldi. A letter from the Central Committee 
of the League of Italian Societies for Cremation 
urging that the remains of the hero should be dis- 
interred and cremated, according to the terms of 
his will (Nov. 17, 1883). AMAJ. 

With a letter from me to the editor of the American 
Medical Association Journal suggesting the propriety of 
having investigatioiis;made as to the value of cremation and 
the supposed dangers of burial; such investigations being 
undertaken by the State Board of Health. No result. 

The Ethical results of Darwinism. An essay 
presented at the Liberal Union Club. " Survival 
of the Fittest." "Natural Selection" (Dec. 30, 
1883). SH. 

According to the essayist, self-sacrifice is wrong; the 
weak must succumb till a select few have come uppermost. 
Then the strife would be renewed to find who was the most 
powerful among the " selected." I took (on being called 
upon for my opinion) the ground directly opposed to this 
and claimed that self-sacrifice is one of the noblest traits of 
humanity, seen perfectly in Christ's hour of death; and 
among the young soldiers, North and South, during our 
civil war; and hi a great many other common events in this 
life. 

Woman Suffrage. Remarks before a Committee 
of the Legislature (1883). Daily papers, WJ. 

A brief and unexpected display of my idiosyncracy on 
the subject. 

A long letter to Mr. William H. Thayer on Dr. 
Beard's assertion that the moral qualities degener- 
ate in old age as the physical and intellectual 
faculties do (1883). Man. 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



I opposed Dr. Beard's views if carried out in their entirety. 
I held that much depended on individual temperament, 
heredity, evil or good surroundings; and that while some 
degenerate, others become nobler in the moral qualities 
towards old age, and when the physical powers are tottering. 
In 1883 I held strongly this opinion and claimed that life 
would be all an absurd and vain thing if Dr. Beard's theories 
were true. . Though still holding the opinion I am less clear 
and determined (Jan. 1887). 

Tobacco. Evils from the use of it. A most 
fruitful source of fees, however, to me it has been 
during all my professional life. Discussion on Dr. 
Otis's paper (Dec. 1883, Jan. 1884). BMSJ. 

A letter in commemoration of Dr. Calvin Ellis 
(Feb. 14, 1884). BMSJ. 

Memorials of Dr. Calvin Ellis. Separate reprint 
(Cambridge, 1884) from Proceedings of AAS. 

The aspirator in pleural effusions. Reply to Dr. 
Ferguson of Troy that the operation ' ' had done 
more harm than good " in its various applications 
to different parts of the body (1884). BMSJ. 

I took the ground that my experience in operations on 
the chest proved exactly the reverse. 

Letter to Dr. T. W. Eichardson of New Orleans 
(1885). Man. 

Upon the evils resulting from the ruling of the council of 
the American Medical Association, whereby they required 
annual signatures to the code before being allowed to attend 
a meeting; the divisions in New York in consequence or in 
connection with sucli bigotry; my unwillingness to invite 
the Association to meet in Boston until a change is made; 
and finally proposing that a committee be chosen to consider 
the subject and report at a subsequent meeting. The only 
result apparently was subsequently, at the noisy meeting at 
New Orleans no committee was chosen, and I was hurled 
soon after from the vice-presidency of the intended Interna- 
tional Congress for 1887. All this reminds me forcibly of 
old anti-slavery contests and I rest in peace and hope. I arn 
glad that I wrote as I did to Dr. R. and that I opposed at a 
meeting of the Suffolk District Medical Society the propo- 
sition to invite the Association to Boston, while it holds the 
views which it does, and has held since 1883, when it virtu- 
ally expelled the New York State Medical Society from its 
meetings. 

Invitation (April 13) from the College of Physi- 
cians of Philadelphia to attend its Conversazione 
and my reply in which, owing to ill-health, I de- 
clined (1885). Man. 

I sent a " sentiment" bearing upon the " code question" 
of the American Medical Association, as follows : " The 
Sacred Brotherhood of Educated Physicians, which should 
exist throughout all the world as an elevator of the medical 
profession as a whole, and as an efficient help to each one of 
its individual members. The idea underlying it should be 
above all creeds. It should require no annual signature 
from its members that they will behave honestly for the en- 
suing years. It will not require of them a pledge to obey 
the unauthorized decree of any council, however learned 
and august it might be, under penalty of exclusion from 
meeting friendly and honorable societies in case of refusal. 
It should never require of any member to violate his own 
sense of propriety in his relations with his fellows or violate 
his own conscience. God speed the day when such an asso- 
ciation shall exist in these United States and embrace the 
whole country." 



Medical Codes : an address prepared for the 
New York State Medical Society (1885,. . Man. 

Although requested by the president some time before 
the meeting to present some communication to the Society, 
and having received from him a statement that an address 
on " Codes " would not be objected to, I found, on my 
arrival at Albany, two circumstances which prevented the 
reading of the paper. First, a rule that the titles of all 
papers must be sent to the secretary sometime before the 
time of meeting, which I had not done, because I knew 
nothing of the rule. Second, I found there was a general 
wish not to say anything about the subject, believing that by 
silence the bitterness engendered by the discussion would 
soon be allayed. Finally, it was suggested that I might give 
my opinion in a speech after dinner. Of course, I was 
silent. I sent the address, however, to the president, who 
thought it would be printed. The committee felt that they 
had no right to print anything which had not been received, 
even by title, at the meeting and I certainly thought the 
committee acted rightly. The address, " Codes and their 
evil influences on medical societies when governed by over- 
zealous partisanship," occupies 30 folio pages, and the sub- 
ject was treated as fully as I could in such an address. 

Treatment of pulmonary diseases by means of 
"pneumatic differentiation" by Vincent Y. Bow- 
ditch (1885). BMSJ., Man. 

With remarks by myself in the discussion thereupon, 
giving an account of my visit to Brooklyn, N. Y., to see the 
cabinet, and the patients who had used it. 

Correspondence with Governor Robinson and 
Hon. F. O. Prince (candidates for the governor- 
ship) asking them whether if chosen they would 
advocate a separate and independent Board of 
Health instead of the combination then existing 
under the title of " Board of Health, Lunacy, and 
Charity" (1885). BP., Man. 

The correspondence helped to bring about the change 
urged by the Mass. Med. Society for the same objects, viz., 
the re-establishment of an independent board like that first 
established with vastly greater power. In connection with 
the above correspondence are letters from Sir James Paget, 
Dr. George Buchanan, Sir Morell Mackenzie, of London, 
and William T. Gairduer of Glasgow on the actual workings 
of the local government board in sanitary matters. From 
these missives it seems that sanitary science has suffered by 
similar combinations in England. 

"Garrison Mob." Semi-centennial celebration 
by the Garrison Lyceum (1885). DA., Man. 

From the Boston Daily Advertiser, Oct. 22. Report of 
this (to me and all old Abolitionists) very interesting meet- 
ing. My manuscript account of the same. 

Pierpont's (Rev. John) centennial birthday. 
Dr. Bartol, Unitarian Review. My reminiscences 
(1885). Man., UR. 

The International Medical Congress for 1887. 

BMSJ., Man. 

Various letters (1885) from Dr. Chailte of New Orleans 
and others, with replies in some instances from H. I. B. 
all bearing on the position of the defenders of the code of 
the American Medical Association in their operations in the 
earlier arrangements for the congress. From all this can be 
seen my original appointment as vice-president; my expul- 
sion from that honorable office because I did not follow the 
supporters of the code; my strange restoration to the place; 
and my final resignation of it. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



A copy of his letter of resignation reprinted from BMSJ., 
Oct. 15, 1885, in Vol. II. of " Bowditch Monographs" in the 
Class library, has MS. explanations. 

"Did Ralph Waldo Emerson sympathize with 
the Abolitionists?" Letters from T. W. Higginson, 
H. I. B., Rev. S. May, Jr. (1885). I., Man. 

Also a reply to objectors to my declaration that Mr. E. 
never cared for, so far as one could judge from his actions 
and writings, the Abolitionists, and that he was not with us 
in hard times. This final reply I decided not to print, be- 
cause just at the time the terrible earthquake occurred at 
Charleston, S. C., and our hearts were all wrung at the great 
suffering consequent on that shock, so that marvelling over 
the opinions of dead men, h'owever great, seemed a desecra- 
tion and an offense. 

Garrison's reviewers (T. W. Higginson, Leonard 
Woolsey Bacon, W. J. Potter) and my estimate of 
them and of the great liberator (1886). 

AM., NB., UR., Man. 

Austin Flint, Senior. Funeral at New York. 
Reflections on the evils produced upon his fine 
nature by the code excitement (1886). Man. 

Nathaniel Bowditch, Life of, as published in 
Horace Mann's Common School Journal and at 
his request after hearing my address to the children 
of the Warren Street Chapel on the Sunday after 
father's death (1886). CSJ. 

Only recently have I been able to obtain a copy of it. It 
was the nucleus whence came my Life of him published for 
the children of the same chapel (vide 1840) . 

Correspondence with Dr. W. W. Potter of 
Buffalo on his invitation to attend a meeting of the 
New York State Medical Society (1886). Man. 

" Codes " and " mugwumpisni " prominent in it. 

Correspondence (Feb.) with Dr. Collins about 
going to Providence to attend the meeting of the 
Rhode Island Medical Society (1886). Man. 

First copy of my address before the Rhode 
Island Medical Society (State) , by request of the 
president, on the topic : " Our past, present, and 
future treatment of Homoeopathy, Eclecticism, 
and kindred delusions " (1886). Man. 

The sum of the discourse is that these two sects have 
naturally arisen from the absurdities of our fathers; and 
that our persecution has built them up instead of destroying 
them. If we had ignored them, they would have died in 
their own follies after giving us the certain small items of 
truth which brought them forth. My arguments are drawn 
from my own experience since student life and from the 
general history of medicine. 

Modern thoracentesis and thoracotomy : a paper 
prepared for Pepper's " System of Medicine," and 
from which Dr. Donaldson has made copious ex- 
tracts in the preparation of his article on "Affec- 
tions of the Pleura," now to be found in the above 
work by Dr. Pepper (1885). Man. 

Ambroise Pare. Has the Boston Society for 
Medical Improvement an authentic portrait of this 
great surgeon (1887)? 

The portrait was bought at. Leonard's auction room in 
1848 and given then to the Society. It had no name and no 
history connected with it which was ever given, if known. 
It is a clever painting of a professor of surgery, as shown 



by the dress and the trephine and skull on the table. Fare's 
engravings never represent him as professor, for the good 
reason that he never was one. The faculty of the School of 
Medicine at Paris were fighting with him always, even to 
the last of his life. Moreover, all of the authentic likenesses 
of Pare represent him with a head of magnificent propor- 
tions, whereas our portrait has poor, almost imbecile, fea- 
tures. My respect for Par<$ as one of the noblest of men and 
greatest surgical genius, who rose from most humble life to 
become Counsellor of State and Chief Surgeon of four kings, 
as they successively ascended the French throne, was un- 
bounded, and from the day we received the painting I 
doubted its authenticity. Of late years, I have been gather- 
ing evidences that my views were correct. No less than 16 
engravings, and casts of medals and the opinions of Dr. 
O. W. Holmes, Sir James Paget, and every expert in paint- 
ing, whom I have asked to examine the evidence, all have 
confirmed these views. Notwithstanding all these proofs a 
few ultra conservatives decided (when making a report in 
the matter) to retain the name but add a ? to it and to put 
on the back of the canvas a reference to my dates, a " reductio 
ad absurdum" as palpable as I ever knew. I rejoice to say 
that the juniors of the Society were not prepared to stultify 
themselves and to send down to our successors a false like- 
ness of so great a personage. On the evening of 10 Jan. 
1887, by a very large majority, the name of Pare" was 
removed, and the inscription which I proposed was ordered. 

The past, present, and future treatment of 
homoeopathy. An address, June 10, 1886, before 
the Rhode Island Medical Society. Reprinted 
from the Transactions of the Society. (Boston, 
1887). Li. 

Open air travel as a curer and preventive of con- 
sumption, as seen in the history of a New England 
family. Reprinted (1889) from the Transactions 
of the American Climatological Association, June, 
1889. Li. 

The Class book contains several photographs of 
Dr. Bowditch. 

Jacob Caldwell. 

Born in Lunenburg, 26 July, 1808; entered 
Amherst College, 1825; entered Harvard, 1825; 
was two years in the Divinity School ; settled over 
the united Unitarian parishes of Hampton Falls 
and Kensington, N. H., till 1848; later at Lunen- 
burg, Mass., and at Standish and Calais, Me.; 
lived later at Ithaca, N. Y., and Newtonville, 
Mass. ; d. 15 Jan. 1889. 

He married Mary Ann Patch of Stowe ; was a 
widower thirty years and then married Sarah Hast- 
ings of Marietta, Ga. Child : George Chapman 
(by first wife), professor in Cornell University. 

The Class book has a photograph of him. 

George Chapman. 

Born in Boston, 15 July, 1809 ; graduated at the 
Divinity School, 1831 ; preached in Louisville, Ky., 
1832 ; settled in Framingham, 1833 ; d. 2 June, 1834. 

He published : 

A lecture on the uses of knowledge, before the 
Louisville Lyceum. (Louisville, 1832.) 



i6 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



A discourse in Louisville on taking leave of 
[his] Society, June 23, 1833. (Louisville, Ky., 
1833.) 

Charles Parker Coffin. 

Born at Brunswick, Me., 1810; studied medicine, 
1828; practised in Nashua, N. H., Cambridge, 
Lowell, Pontotoc, Miss. ; d. 15 May, 1868. 

He married Sarah Allen of Salem. Children : 
Rufus Lawrence, Memphis, Tenn. ; Charles P., 
Delta, Miss.; Cora P., Pontotoc, Miss.; Frank 
Hector, Tupelo, Miss. 

Joseph "Warren Cross. 

Born at East Bridgewater, 16 June, 1808; in 
Harvard Divinity School, 1828; Theological Sem- 
inary at Andover; ordained at Boxboro', 1834; 
settled at West Boylston, 1840; living in West 
Boylston. 

He married, 8 March, 1829, Mary J. Danforth 
of Norton ; she d. 20 May, 1831 ; m. Frances A. J. 
Vose of North Bridgewater; she d. 21 July, 1870; 
m. Sarah Parker Fletcher, 30 Aug. 1872. Children : 
J. W., Jr., Keene, N. H. ; Lyman M., Athol, 
Mass. ; R. M., Lawrence, Mass. ; dau. m. George 
M. Laurie, West Boylston ; dau. m. Frederick J. 
Ryder, Lawrence, Mass. 



He published : 

An oration at Barnstable, July 4, 1832. Barn- 
stable [1832]. 

Frederick Dabney. 

Born at Fayal, 1 Aug. 1809 ; returned to the 
Azores after graduation ; d. there 29 Dec. 1857. 

He married, 1835, Roxana, dau. of William 
Stackpole of Boston. Children : nine, of whom 
five sons reached adult age. 

See Palmer's Necrology of Harvard College, p. 
195. (Boston, 1864.) 

Joseph Willard Dana. 

Born 17 Sept. 1808 ; son of Francis and Sophia 
Dana of Cambridge ; studied law at Lancaster ; 
removed, 1829, to ^Cincinnati; thence, 1830, to 
Donaldsonville, La. ; d. 5 Dec. 1830 ; never 
married. 



The Class library contains a scrap-book of let- 
ters and memoranda on Dana, who was a grandson 
of President Willard of Harvard College, and of 
Francis Dana, Chief Justice of Massachusetts. 

David B. Eaton. 

Born 9 Feb. 1808 ; did not graduate ; known 
later as A. C. Eaton. 

See List of persons whose names have been 
changed in Massachusetts, 1780-1883, p. 66. 



Charles Chauncey Emerson. 

Born in Boston, 1808 ; after graduation opened 
a private school in Boston ; then was for two years 
in the Harvard Law School ; and was admitted to 
the bar in 1832 ; d. 1836. 

A contemporary tribute by R. C. Winthrop ap- 
peared in the Boston Daily Advertiser. 

The Class book contains a photograph of a me- 
dallion by Mrs. Hawthorne, based on a silhouette, 
a reduced copy of which is also in the Class book. 



The Class library contains a bound book, " Lec- 
tures and Papers of Charles Chauncey Emerson." 
He was a brother of Ralph Waldo Emerson. The 
lectures are type-written copies of the manuscripts, 
prepared under direction of his chum in the Senior 
year, R. C. Winthrop. Their subjects are "Soc- 
rates," "Society: Man's duty," and "American 
Slavery," prepared in 1833-34. An appendix 
covers sundry letters about C. C. E. 

In the Class library is R. G. Parker's "Aids to 
English Composition" (New York, 1851), which 
contains (p. 371) Mr. Emerson's Commencement 
oration on " Public Opinion." 

Henry Field. 

Born in Salem ; did not graduate ; served in the 
Texan War of Independence and died in Texas. 

Thomas Bailey Fox. 

Born 20 Aug. 1808 ; graduated at the Divinity 
School, 1831 ; ordained in Newburyport, Aug. 
1831; resigned, 1845; installed in Boston, 1847; 
d. 1 June, 1876. 

A memorial address by A. P. Peabody was pub- 
lished, as well as accounts of him in the Unitarian 
Review, Sept. 1876, and in the Christian Register, 
17 June, 1876. 

Children : Charles B. ; George W. ; John A. ; 
Feroline. 



He published : 

An oration delivered at the request of the Wash- 
ington Light Infantry Company in Newburyport, 
Feb. 22, 1832. (Newburyport, 1832.) 

A sketch of the Reformation. (Boston, 1836.) 
The ministry of Jesus Christ. (Boston, 1837; 
3d ed. 1845). 

The true way. Address on the last day of 1837. 
(Boston, 1838.) 

The Sunday-school prayer-book. (Boston, 1838.) 
The one thing needful. (Boston, 1840.) 
Hints to Sunday-school teachers. (Boston, 1840.) 
A sermon to children. (Boston, [1843].) 
Allegories and Christian lessons for children. 
(Boston, 1845.) 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Acts of the Apostles, arranged for families, with 
notes and questions. (Boston, 1846.) 

Need of the sanctuary in the city. (Boston, 
1847.) 

Biographical sketch of the Rev. John Pierce, 
D.D., of Brookline. (Boston, 1849.) Reprinted 
from the Christian Inquirer of New York, Sept. 1, 
1849, and appended to F. N. Knapp's "Biograph- 
ical Discourse," etc. 

The school hymn-book. (Boston, 1850 ; 2d ed. 
1853.) 

Gems gathered in haste. (Boston, 1851.) 

Memorial of Henry Ware Hall : an address de- 
livered in Dorchester, July 17, 1864. (Boston, 
1864.) 

During the later years of his life he was editorial 
manager and writer of the Boston Evening Tran- 
script. 

The Class book contains a photograph. 

Henry French. 

Born in Marblehead ; did not graduate ; entered 
the U. S. navy as midshipman, 1 Jan. 1828 ; died, 
as captain on the retired list, at East Boston, 22 
May, 1867. 

He left a widow and two sons. 

John James Gilchrist. 

Born in Medford, 16 Feb. 1809 ; entered Sopho- 
more; began the study of the law at Charlestown, 
N. H., Sept. 1828; finished study at the Law 
School, Aug. 1831; represented Charlestown in 
the General Court of New Hampshire, 1835-36; 
made Justice of the N. H. Supreme Court, and 
later Chief Justice, 1840-1855; Judge of U. S. 
Court of Claims, 1855 ; LL.D. Dartmouth, 1852, 
and Harvard, 1856 ; d. 29 April, 1858. 

There is a long notice of him by G. S. Hillard 
in Boston Courier, 19 May, 1858. 

He married, 25 Aug. 1836, Sarah, dau. of Gov. 
Henry Hubbard of N. H. Children: James M., 
Boston ; dau. m. H. I. Daland, Boston. 

See Palmer's Necrology, p. 196. 



He published : 

Classical learning in its relations to active life. 
An address before the Phi Beta Kappa Society of 
Dartmouth College, July 30, 1851. (Hanover, 
1851.) 

His decisions as Judge are in the Reports of his 
Court. 

The Class book contains a photograph. 

Robert Gilmor. 

Born in Baltimore, May, 1808 ; was private sec- 
retary to Hon. W. C. Rives, U. S. Minister to 



France, 1829; returned 1831; lived on an estate 
near Baltimore; d. Feb. 1874. 

Children : Robert ; William ; Ellen, m. Alex. 
MacTavish and second G. H. Boyland ; Charles ; 
Harry, Lieut. -Col. Maryland Cavalry, under 
"Stonewall" Jackson; Howard; Richard Tilgh- 
man ; Campbell ; Graham ; Meredith ; Arthur ; 
Mary. 

Patrick Grant. 

Born in Boston, 17 March, 1809 ; son of Patrick 
Grant and Anna Powell, dau. of Hon. Jona. Mason ; 
after graduation spent two years and a half in 
Italy ; then lived in New York for two years ; of 
the firm of William B. Reynolds & Co., Boston, 
1837 ; living in Boston. 

He married Sarah, dau. of John Bryant, 1840, 
and had Anna Mason, who m. Charles Frederick 
Lyman. His second wife was Charlotte Bordman, 
dau. of Henry G. Rice, who died in 1882, whose 
children were Robert, Henry Rice, Patrick, Flora. 

John Singleton Copley Greene. 

Born in Boston in 1811; son of Gardiner Greene ; 
M.D. at Harvard Medical School, 1831 ; in Europe, 
1831-34 ; rector of Episcopal church in Newton ; 
d. 6 July, 1872. 

He married dau. of Henry Hubbard; second, 
Marion, dau. of William Appleton, the mother of 
Dr. J. Copley Greene and Elizabeth, wife of 
Caspar Crowninshield ; third, Isabella McCulloch 
of Washington, mother of Mary Amory and 
Margaret. 

The Class book contains a photograph. 

Joseph Hale. 

Born in Ipswich, 17 May, 1806; became a 
schoolmaster ; d. 29 Oct. 1886. 

He married Gookin of Salem. Children : 

Joseph Augustine (H. C. 1857) ; Louisa Gookin. 



There is in the Class library : 

A volume of "Lectures before the American 
Institute of Instruction, Boston, 1845," which con- 
tains " Lecture VII. On school discipline. By 
Joseph Hale, Principal of the department of Writ- 
ing and Arithmetic in the Johnson School, Boston." 

He also published, in " Remarks on the Seventh 
Annual Report of the Hon. Horace Mann, Secre- 
tary of the Massachusetts Board of Education 
(Boston, 1844)," a paper (p. 103) on " School 
Discipline." To these remarks Mr. Mann made a 
" Reply," which elicited a "Rejoinder. Boston, 
1845," in which Mr. Hale wrote the " Rejoinder to 
the fourth section of the Reply." 



i8 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



Edward Holyoke Hedge. 

Born in Cambridge, 18 July, 1807 ; at Harvard 
Law School, 1828-29 ; in Cincinnati ; in Cumming- 
ton, La., 1834; d. 1837. 

He married a French lady in New Orleans ; one 
daughter survives him. 

Josiah Dunham Hedge. 

Born in Cambridge, 7 June, 1809, brother of 
preceding ; began the study of divinity ; changed 
to the study of medicine, 1830-32 ; practiced in 
Boston ; removed to New York, 1833 ; at Cam- 
bridge, 1838 ; made librarian of the Providence 
Athenaeum, 1857 ; d. 20 Aug. 1879. 

He married Abbie E. Sabin, who died before 
him ; no issue. 

The Class book contains a photograph. 

George Stillman Hillard. 

Born in Machias, Me., 22 Sept. 1808; assistant 
after graduation in the Round Hill School at 
Northampton ; graduated at Harvard Law School, 
1832 ; member of the Boston City Council ; of the 
Mass. House of Representatives and Senate; 
served in the Mass. Constitutional Convention, 
1853 ; overseer of the College ; trustee of the 
Boston Public Library, 1872-76 ; member Amer. 
Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the Mass. 
Historical Society ; U. S. District Attorney in 
Boston ; Dean of the Law School of Boston Uni- 
versity ; LL.D. Trinity College, Connecticut, 1857 ; 
d. 20 Jan. 1879. 

There were tributes printed by the Bar Associa- 
tion and the Mass. Historical Society. 

He married Susan T. Howe of Northampton ; 
had one son who died young. 



He published : 

Life of Captain John Smith (Boston, 1834) in 
Sparks's "American Biography." 

Oration in Boston, July 4, 1835. (Boston, 1835.) 

Introductory observations on Spenser's " Fairy 
Queen " [and notes] in Spenser's poetical works. 
(Boston, 1839.) 

A translation of Guizot's Essay on Washington. 
(Boston, 1840.) 

The relation of the poet to his age. A discourse 
before the Phi Beta Kappa Society of Harvard 
University. (Boston, 1843.) 

Memoir of H. R. Cleveland in H. R. Cleveland's 
Selections. (Boston, 1844.) 

The connection between geography and history. 
A lecture. (Boston, 1846.) 

Review of Ticknor's " History of Spanish litera- 
ture." (Cambridge, 1850.) 

Report of a committee on a new organization 
for the relief of pauperism. (Boston, 1850.) 



The dangers and duties of the mercantile pro- 
fession. An address. (Boston, 1850.) 

The old Latin School house, in the "Boston 
Book." (Boston, 1851.) 

The spirit of the Pilgrims. A discourse before 
the New England Society of New York. (New 
York, 1852.) 

Six months in Italy. (Boston, 1853, etc.) 

The letters of Silas Standfast to his friend 
Jotham, first published in the Boston Courier and 
Atlas, Oct. and Nov. 1853, and then in the Report 
of the Massachusetts Constitutional Convention of 
1853. 

Eulogy on Daniel Webster in the Memorial of 
Daniel Webster from the City of Boston (Boston, 
1852), which was edited by Mr. Hillard. 

Selections from the writings of Walter Savage 
Landor. Edited by G. S. H. (Boston, 1856.) 

Memoir of James Brown. (Boston, 1836, 
privately printed.) 

The critic criticized and review of Hillard's 
Reader (1859). 

Address before the Norfolk Agricultural Society 
at Dedham, Sept. 26, 1860. 

Life and campaigns of George B. McClellan. 
(Philadelphia, 1865.) 

The political duties of the educated classes. 
Discourse before the Phi Beta Kappa Society of 
Amherst College. (Boston, 1866.) 

Biography of Fletcher Webster in the Harvard 
Memorial Biographies. (Cambridge, 1866.) 

Memoir of C. C. Felton in the Proceedings of 
the Mass. Historical Society. (Boston, 1867.) 

Memoir of Joseph Story, reprinted from the 
Proceedings of the Mass. Historical Society. 
(Boston, 1868.) 

Memoir and correspondence of Jeremiah Mason. 
(Cambridge, 1873, privately printed.) 

Memoir of Hon. James Savage, from the Pro- 
ceedings of the Mass. Historical Society. (Boston, 
1878.) 

He also prepared a series of readers for schools : 
First class reader (Boston, 1855, etc.) ; Second 
class (Boston, 1856, etc.) ; Third class (Boston, 
1857; Cleveland, 1858, etc.); Fourth or Fourth 
class (Boston, 1857, 1863, etc.) ; Fifth (Boston, 
Philadelphia, New York, 1863, 1871, etc.) ; Sixth 
(Boston, Philadelphia, 1863, 1868, 1875, etc.). 
The Intermediate reader (Boston, 1863). The 
First, Second, and Third primary readers (Boston, 
1858, 1860, 1864, 1866, etc.). Primer (Boston, 
1864, etc.). 

He prepared, in connection with Loomis J. 
Campbell, a Franklin series of readers in nine 
volumes. 

He also prepared the first ten chapters of the 
"Life, letters, and journals of George Ticknor'' 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



(Boston, 1876) the rest of the book being com- 
piled by the widow and daughter of Mr. Ticknor. 

He contributed articles on Edward Everett and 
Rufus Choate to the New American Cyclopaedia. 

He contributed twenty -three articles to the North 
American Review, 1831-1864. He contributed a 
sefies of literary portraits to Buckingham's New 
England Magazine. He was a frequent contributor 
to the Christian Examiner. 

He edited, in connection with George Ripley, 
the Christian Register in 1833. He was at one 
time editor of the Jurist, and in 1857 he became 
owner and chief editor of the Boston Courier, and 
remained such till April, 1861. 

The Index to the Proceedings of the Mass. 
Historical Society, vol. i.-xx., shows various 
memoirs of his associates, and tributes to their 
memory, written by him subsequent to 1843, when 
he became a member. The Proceedings for June, 
1882, contain Gen. F. W. Palfrey's memoir of Mr. 
Hillard, embracing also a commemorative poem 
by W. W. Story. 

The Class book contains various newspaper 
tributes to deceased classmates. 

His lectures on John Milton before the Lowell 
Institute in Boston (1847) were not printed. 

Later were published : 

Catalogue of the autograph letters and manu- 
scripts belonging to the estate of Geo. S. Hillard. 
(Boston, 1881.) 

Catalogue of the private Library of the late 
Geo. S. Hillard. Sold at auction, 1879. (Boston, 
1879.) 

The Class book contains a photograph. 

James Jackson. 

Began the study of medicine in 1828 ; was a 
pupil of Louis in Paris, and took his degree at the 
Harvard Med. School, 1834 ; d. 27 Feb. 1834. 

There is a tribute by C. C. Emerson in the 
Boston Daily Advertiser. 

"His father prepared a memoir of him for 
private distribution. Subsequently we printed it 
for public distribution in the Warren Street 
Chapel series, with an appendix of my reminis- 
cences of him." H. I. B. 



The Class library contains : 

A memoir of James Jackson, jr., M.D., with ex- 
tracts from his letters to his father and medical 
cases, collected by him. By James Jackson, M.D. 
(Boston, 1835.) Bound with it is an obituary 
notice from the Medical Magazine, April 15, 1834, 
by Dr. Pierson. , 

Dr. Bowditch has written on a fly-leaf : ' If 
Jackson had lived he would undoubtedly have 
more than taken his worthy father's place in medi- 



cine, not merely of this country, but throughout 
the world." 

Francis Caleb Loring. 

Born in Boston, 29 Sept. 1809; studied law; 
admitted to the bar, 1831 ; d. Oct. 1874, at Nahant. 
He left one son and three unmarried daughters. 
There is a photograph in the Class book. 

Henry Swasey McKean. 

Born in Boston, 9 Feb. 1810; school teacher in 
Roxbury and Cambridge ; entered Law School, 
1829 ; tutor in Latin, 1829 ; librarian of Mercantile 
Library, N. Y. ; civil engineer; d. 17 May, 1857. 

He married Anna H. Hosmer, 3 Nov. 1851. 

See Palmer's Necrology, p. 141. 

John Maynard. 

Born in Waltham, 16 April, 1804 ; was only two 
years with the Class ; d. 24 Sept. 1871. 

He married, 2 May, 1839, Catharine Beal of 
Hingham, and left two children, James Beal, b. 
1840, and John Francis, b. 1844. 

Ephraim Flint Miller. 

Born in Greenfield, N. H., 2 Oct. 1808; studied 
law ; practised in Ipswich, Mass. , till 1842 ; Deputy 
Collector of Salem till 1849 ; Collector till 1857 ; 
in Boston, 1857-61 ; again in Salem custom house ; 
d. 17 Aug. 1875. 

He married Catharine Seymour and left four 
children : Capt. James, U. S. army ; Ephraim ; 
Mary, who married Henry A. Blood of Washing- 
ton, D.C., and , who married Charles H. 

Higbee of New Ipswich, N. H. 

There is a photograph in the Class book. 

Charles Minot. 

Born at Haverhill, 30 Aug. 1810 ; son of Stephen 
(H. C. 1801) ; practised law till 1841 ; then devoted 
himself to railroad management; d. 10 Dec. 1866. 

In his speech at the time of celebrating the 
fiftieth anniversary of the graduation of the Class, 
Mr. Winthrop said : " It is not to be forgotten 
that a contingent bequest, which has since been 
realized, and which has added a round sum of fifty 
thousand dollars to the much-needed resources of 
the College Library, is credited to Charles Minot." 

Charles Tracy Murdoch. 

Born in Cuba, 5 Jan. 1809 ; admitted to the bar 
in Boston, 1832 ; d. 25 Nov. 1853. 
The Class book has his photograph. 
See Palmer's Necrology, p. 33. 



20 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



George Nichols. 

Born in Salem, 30 Jan. 1809; graduated at the 
Divinity School, 1831 ; preached atMeadville, Pa., 
Salem, Portsmouth, N. H. ; bookseller at Cam- 
bridge, 1833 ; editor of The Unitarian ; later a 
professional proof-reader, becoming one of the 
proprietors of the University Press in 1842; d. 6 
July, 1882. 

He married Susan Farley Treadwell of Salem, 
7 Oct. 1843. Children : John W. T. Nichols, and 
six daughters, all married, Susan F. Nichols, Mary 
N. White, Harriet F. Lamb, Susan N. Carter, 
Lucy N. White, Elizabeth P. Hincks. 

Mr. Nichols acquired great reputation as a proof- 
reader, and the works of Bancroft, Prescott, Gra- 
hame, Hildreth, Ticknor, bear the impress of his 
critical care, amounting in some respects to the 
supervision of an editior. Two of the most con- 
spicuous instances of his long-continued scrupulous 
labor upon the writings of others, in eliminating 
errors, are the Boston editions of the writings of 
Edmund Burke and the writings of Charles Sumner 
the last labor he had barely finished at his death. 

The Class book contains his photograph. 

John Greene Norwood. 

Born 3 Dec. 1809 ; teacher in Boston ; entered 
Harvard Divinity School, 1829 ; d. 25 May, 1832. 

Henry Onderdonk, Jr. 

Born 11 June, 1804; entered Columbia College, 
1823 ; entered Harvard as Junior, 1826 ; remained 
a year ; and graduated at Columbia, 1827 ; a 
teacher till 1865 ; made A.B. at Harvard, 1878 ; d. 
22 June, 1886. 

Married 28 Nov. 1828, Maria H. Onderdonk. 
Children : Adrian and Elizabeth. 



He published : 

Eevolutionary incidents of Queens County. 
(New York, 1846.) 

Revolutionary incidents of Suffolk and Kings 
Counties ; battles of Long Island ; British prisons 
and prison ships. (New York, 1849.) 

Queens County in olden times. (Jamaica, N. Y., 
1865, second series.) 

The Annals of Hempstead, 1643 to 1832 ; with 
the rise and growth of the Society of Friends on 
Long Island and in New York, 1657 to 1826. 
(Hempstead, N. Y., 1878.) 

Induction of the Rev. William Vesey into 
Trinity Church, N. Y. (Jamaica, L. I., 1879.) 

Antiquities of the Parish Church, Hempstead. 
(Hempstead, N. Y., 1880.) 

Antiquities of the Parish Church, Jamaica. 
(Jamaica, N. Y., 1880.) 



History of the turf in Queens County (1882). 
Prize history of Queens County Agricultural 
Society (1882). 

Documents and letters intended to illustrate the 
Revolutionary incidents of Queens County, N. Y. 
[Second series.] (Hempstead, L. I., 1884.) 

Mr. Onderdonk also contributed a genealogy of 
the Onderdonk family to Riker's ' ' Newtown " ; a 
bibliography of Long Island in Gabriel Furman's 
'^Antiquities of Long Island" (1875) ; a paper on 
ancient agriculture, etc., in the report for 1867 of 
the Queens County Agricultural Society ; one on 
the rise and growth of the Society of Friends on 
Long Island and in New York city in The Ameri- 
can Historical Record for 1872; a criticism on 
Thomas Jones's " New York in the Revolutionary 
War" in The Magazine of American History, 
1880. He also gathered numerous newspaper 
articles, written by himself, and deposited them in 
bound volumes in the Astor, Boston Public, Har- 
vard College, and other libraries. 

"William Penniman. 

Entered Sophomore; graduated 1830; d. 13 
Feb. 1832. 

Humphrey Pierce. 

In the Class during Sophomore year only. 

William Phillips. 

Born in 1808 ; d. in Cuba, 16 June, 1829. 

Oliver Prescott. 

Born in Westford, 25 Nov. 1806; admitted to 
the bar in New Bedford, 1832 ; Judge of Probate 
in Bristol County, 1835 ; Judge of Police Court in 
New Bedford, 1846; resigned both judgeships in 
1858; d. 11 June, 1890. 

He married Helen A. Howland, 16 Oct. 1861. 
Children : Helen W. ; Oliver ; Mary Robbins. 

A memorial pamphlet was issued after his death 
containing various testimonials. 

The Class book contains a photograph. 

Charles Proctor. 

Born in Rowley, to which town he returned to 
study medicine; took M.D. at Bowdoin, 1831; 
practised at Rowley ; d. 12 March, 1877. 

He married, 1838, a dau. of Dr. Pond of Bangor, 
Me., and she died 1846; married^ second, widow 
of David Dole of Newbury. Children : Charles ; 
Mary H. Johnson ; Cornelia P. Prescott. 

The Class book contains a photograph. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



21 



Edward Sprague Rand. 

Born at Newburyport. 15 March, 1809 ; entered 
Law School and took his LL.B. in 1831 ; one of 
the organizers of the Episcopal Theological School 
in Cambridge, and for a while the President; 
drowned with his wife, his son C. A. R., his son's 
wife, and their son, in the wreck of the steamer 
" City of Columbus," near Gay Head, 18 Jan. 1884. 

He married, Sept. 1833, Elizabeth Arnold of 
Providence. Children : Edward S. ; Arnold A. ; 
Frederick Henry ; Charles Arthur. 

The Class book contains his photograph. 

James Cook Richmond. 

Born in Providence, R. I., 18 March, 1808; 
entered Junior from Columbia College; passed 
several years in Germany, Italy, and Greece ; 
entered the Episcopal ministry, 1833 ; was a chap- 
lain during the Civil war in a Wisconsin regiment ; 
d. 20 July, 1866, by violence, in Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y. 

He married, 4 June, 1835, Sarah, dau. of Henry 
Seaton of Santa Cruz. Children : Sarah Seaton ; 
Henry Seaton, d. young; Clarissa Andrews, m. 
E. C. Benedict; Catharine Seaton; Frances; 
William. 

The Class library contains a scrap-book entitled 
" The life-work of Rev. James C. Richmond, 
Presbyter; Class poet of 1828; evangelist; with 
an appendix containing letters from different indi- 
viduals relative to the compiling of this volume 
and to the life of Brother Richmond. By the 
Secretary of the Class of 1828. 1888." 

After his death was printed : 

Trinity Church Memorials. Rev. James Cook 
Richmond, etc. Address by Rev. Geo. F. Cush- 
man, D.D., with an extract from a speech by 
United States Senator Carpenter upon Mr. Rich- 
mond's death. (Pawtucket, 1886.) 



He published : 

Introduction and notes to George Potts and 
J. M. Wainwright's " No church without a bishop" 
(1844). 

The conspiracy against the Bishop of New York 
in The Laugh of a Layman (1845). 

The country schoolmaster in love ; a life in New 
England. A college poem. (New York, 1845.) 

A mid-summer's day dream, or a little book of 
the vision of Shawmut. (Boston, 1847; Mil- 
waukee, 1859.) 

A visit to lona, by an American clergyman. 
(Glasgow, 1849.) [A sketch of Leigh Richmond's 
labors, etc.] 

The Rhode Island Cottage, or a gift for the 
children of sorrow : a narrative of facts. Fifth 
thousand. (New York, 1851.) 



Metacomet : a poem of the North A nerican 
Indians. First American, from the London edition. 
(London and New York, 1851.) 

The Palm-Sunday sermon. Third edition. (Mil- 
waukee, 1859.) 

He was a frequent contributor to the Harvard 
Register during his college career, and the song of 
"The Rain Drop," printed in that magazine in 
Dec. 1827, excited great attention and much ad- 
miration ; being set to music it became a popular 
favorite. (R. C. W.) 

Samuel Rogers. 

Born in Boston, 16 June, 1808; M.D. 1831; 
teacher in Brookline, 1838; in Roxbury, 1839; 
never married ; d. 31 May, 1849. 

John Lewis Russell. 

Born in Salem, 2 Dec. 1808 ; graduated at the 
Divinity School, 1831 ; devoted himself to botany, 
etc., and was the first editor of the annual reports 
of the Mass. Horticultural Society ; Fellow of the 
American Academy; d. 7 June, 1873. 

He left a widow, but no children. 



He published : 

Discourse before the Massachusetts Horticul- 
tural Society on its seventh anniversary, Sept. 17, 
1835. (Boston, 1835.) 

Report of the transactions of the Mass. Horti- 
cultural Society. (Boston, 1839.) 

Thanksgiving-day discourse in Hingham, Nov. 
24, 1842. 

Address before the Essex Agricultural Society. 
(Newburyport, 1860; also in the Transactions of 
the Society.) 

Ferns. (Salem, 1868.) 

Mushrooms. (Salem, 1868 ; also in American 
Naturalist, Aug. 1868.) 

A paper by F. W. Putnam in the Bulletin of the 
Essex Institute, xv. p. 86, refers to a MS. report 
by Mr. Russell " On the presence of shells in great 
quantities near the seashore in Salem " which is 
preserved in the records of the Essex County 
"Natural History Society. 

Thomas Philander Ryder. 

Born in Hallowell, Me., 19 Aug. 1806; became 
a teacher ; entered the Lunatic Hospital at South 
Boston, 1848; d. 21 Nov. 1852. 

He married Sarah P. Albree. 

See Palmer's Necrology, p. 20. 



He published : 

Address at Dorchester before the Norfolk Juve- 
nile Lyceum, May 10. (Dedham, 1831.) 



22 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



Jonathan Sannderson. 

Born in Hollis, N. H., 30 Dec. 1802; was bred 
to the law ; became a teacher of music ; d. in 
Philadelphia, 27 Feb. 1881 ; was never married. 

William Sawyer. 

Born in Charlestown, 15 Dec. 1807 ; admitted to 
the bar, 1833 ; lived in Charlestown and Waltham; 
killed accidentally at a railroad crossing in Water- 
town, 24 May, 1852. 

His wife, Susan M. , survived him. Children: 
Hannah Maria, m. Alonzo Conley ; Mary Caroline ; 
Georgina T., m. Benj. F. Strand; Julia F. ; 
William. 

The Class book contains a photograph. 

See Palmer's Necrology, p. 8. 

Francis George Shaw. 

Born in Boston, 23 Oct. 1809; entered Sopho- 
more and left in Junior year to enter his father's 
counting-room; retired from business, 1841 ; lived 
in Europe ; removed to Staten Island, 1855 ; d. 7 
Nov. 1882. 

He married Sarah Blake Sturgis, 1835. Child- 
ren : Anna, married George William Curtis ; 
Robert Gould (H. C. 1860), b. 10 Oct. 1837, m. 
Anna Kneeland Haggerty and was killed at Fort 
Wagner, 18 July, 1863; Susanna, m. Robert B. 
Minturn; Josephine, m. Chas. Russell Lowell, 
who was killed at Cedar Creek 19-20 Oct. 1864; 
Ellen, m. Francis Channing Barlow. 



He is the translator of : 

Briancourt's Organization of Labor (1847). 

George Sand's Consuelo (New York, 1846) and 
Devil's Pool (New York, 1847). 

Charles Pellarin's Life of Charles Fourier. 
(New York, 1848.) 

Zschokke's History of Switzerland (1855, 1860). 

The Class book contains a photograph. 

Horatio Shipley. 

Born at Pepperell, 17 Aug. 1804 ; admitted to 
the bar, 1833; lived in Boston and Pepperell; d. 
7 Dec. 1872. 

Lewis Smith. 

Born in Waltham, 27 May, 1803 ; teacher in 
that town 1830-1840; after that a farmer; d. 22 
Jan. 1880. 

He married Page of Boston, 1834 ; had two 

sons and two daughters, of whom Thomas P., a 
daughter who married J. O. Teel, and another, 
Abby I. , survived him. 

The Class book contains a photograph. 



Edward Soley. 

Born in Charlestown, 23 Dec. 1807 ; became a 
broker in Charlestown, Boston, and New York; 
d. 14 Feb. 1882. 

John Appleton Swett. 

Born in Boston, 3 Dec. 1808; M.D. 1831; prac- 
tised in Boston and New York; professor in the 
medical department of the University in New 
York; d. 18 Sept. 1854. 

Memoirs of him by B. W. McCready were pub- 
lished by the N. Y. Med. and Surgical Society ; 
and by Dr. Austin Flint in his " Eminent American 
Physicians and Surgeons" (Philadelphia, 1861). 

He married Miss Appleton, but had no issue. 



He published : 

A treatise on the diseases of the chest. Third 
edition. (New York, 1856.) [Copyright, 1852.] 

The Class book contains a photograph. 

William Gray Swett. 

Born in Salem; son of Col. Samuel Swett; 
graduated at the Divinity School, 1831 ; preached 
in Lexington and Lynn ; d. at Charlestown, 15 Feb. 
1843. 

He married Elizabeth Phinney of Lexington ; 
had one daughter, who married Col. N. P. 
Hallowell. 

After his death a volume of Ms sermons was 
published. 

John Gill Tappan. 

Remained through the Freshman year only ; d. 
29 Aug. 1883. 

He married Eliza Laurence Trask of Springfield. 
Children : John Eliot ; Edward ; Elizabeth Weld ; 
Mary Swift ; Frederick Herbert ; Walter ; Herbert. 

The Class book contains a photograph. 

John Parker Tarbell. 

Born in Cambridge, 30 Aug. 1807; studied at 
Harvard Law School, 1829 ; practised law ; lived 
in Cambridgeport, Pepperell, and Boston ; was rep- 
resentative in the Mass. General Court from Pep- 
perell, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1843; in the Mass. Senate, 
1842 ; living in Boston. 

He married Catharine Elizabeth Trull, 31 May, 
1838. Children : John Franksford (U. S. Navy) ; 
Katharine Amelia ; William Croswell (H. C. 1879) ; 
Arthur Parker. 

He published : 

An oration delivered before the democratic citi- 
zens of the north part of Middlesex County, at 
Groton, July 4, 1839. (Lowell, 1839.) 

The Class book contains a photograph. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Charles Joseph Taylor. 

Born in Boston, 31 Aug. 1808 ; entered Sopho- 
more; studied law, but did not practise long; 
never married; d. in Boston (Dorchester), 21 
NOT. 1872. 

Norton Thayer. 

Born in Braintree, 1804 [Palmer says, 29 Sept. 
1802] ; entered Sophomore from Yale ; studied 
theology ; became a teacher in Dorchester, Boston, 
and New York ; d, in Boston, 14 Sept. 1870. 

He married Lucy Ann Wales of Randolph, 23 
Dec. 1840 ; his daughter Mary married Theodore 
G. Montague of Tennessee. 

See Palmer's Necrology, ii. 70. 

Thomas Kexnble Thomas. 

Born at Boston, 28 Nov. 1809 ; entered Sopho- 
more ; M.D. 1832; at the Sandwich Islands, 1833- 
38 ; subsequently at Wayland, Canton, and Rox- 
bury, Mass., and later in Maine, where he died, 
7 Nov. 1863, childless. 

John H. Trowbridge. 

Did not graduate ; M.D. 1835. 

James S. Wadsworth. 

Born 30 Oct. 1807; was with the Class in the 
Junior and Senior years, but did not graduate; 
killed in the battle of the Wilderness, 6 May, 1864. 

He is commemorated in Lewis F. Allen's "Me- 
morial of James S. Wadsworth : an address at 
Rochester, Sept. 23, 1864." 

Children : Charles F. ; dau. m. John G. Adair ; 
Craig N. ; dau. m. N. E. Rogers ; James W. ; dau. 
m. Arthur Post. 

The Class book contains a photograph. 

William Nelson Wellford. 

Took degree of M.D. at University of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1833 ; physician near Fredericksburg, Va. ; 
d. 6 July, 1872. 

Joseph P. "Wheeler. 
Did not graduate. 

Benjamin Duick "Whitney. 

Born 10 Nov. 1807 ; became a merchant ; lived 
in Boston, New York, and Washington; d. in 
Cambridge, 24 Feb. 1892. 

He married Elizabeth Williams of Northborough, 
20 Sept. 1835 ; she died 24 May, 1861 ; married, 
second, Charlotte E. Genella of Vicksburg, Tenn., 



5 Feb. 1863. Children : Benjamin ; S. W. ; a 
daughter who married Professor Jeffries Wyman ; 
and two other daughters. 

The Class book contains a photograph. 

John Whitney. 

Born 16 Oct. 1807 ; left in Sophomore year ; d. 
24 May, 1861. 

He married Mary Baldwin Holt of Boston, 23 
Dec. 1828, who died 7 July, 1877. Children: 
John ; Mary Baldwin, m. George Lee Thurston of 
Lancaster, and second, Henry Stedman Nourse of 
Lancaster; Benjamin Colt ; Susan Ruth; Edward 
Mellen. 

Robert Charles Winthrop. 

Born in Boston, 12 May, 1809 ; President of the 
Class ; studied law with Daniel Webster ; admitted 
to the bar, 1831 ; member of the Mass. House of 
Representatives, 1834-1840; Speaker, 1838-1840; 
Representative of Boston in the U. S. Congress, 
1840-1850; Speaker of the 30th Congress; suc- 
ceeded Webster in the U. S. Senate; LL.D. Bow- 
doin, 1849; Kenyon, 1851; Harvard, 1855; Cam- 
bridge, England, 1874 ; Overseer of the University 
and President of the Alumni Association; Presi- 
dent Mass. Historical Society, 1855-1885 ; Chair- 
man of the Board of Trustees of the Peabody Fund 
for Southern Education q Fellow of the American 
Acad. of Arts and Sciences, of the London Society 
of Antiquaries, etc., etc. ; living in Boston. 

He married first, Eliza Cabot, only child of 
Francis Blanchard, of Boston; second, Laura, 
daughter of John Derby, of Salem, and widow of 
Arnold F. Welles, of Boston; third, Adele, only 
daughter of Hon. Francis Granger, of Canandaigua, 
N. Y., and widow of John Eliot Thayer, of Boston. 
Children (by first marriage) : Robert Charles, John, 
Eliza Cabot. 

R. G. Parker's "Aids to English Composition" 
contains, as an example of an English oration, 
Mr. Winthrop's Commencement oration (1828) on 
" Public Station." 

Among his numerous publications are the fol- 
lowing : 

Speech in favor of compensation for the destruc- 
tion of the Ursuline Convent, delivered in the 
Mass. House of Representatives, March 12, 1835. 

The Testimony of Infidels, a speech delivered 
in the Mass. House of Representatives, Feb. 11, 
1836. 

Protection to Domestic Industry, a speech deliv- 
ered in the Mass. House of Representatives, Feb. 
15, 1837. 

Address to the Electors of Massachusetts, 1837. 



2 4 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



The Sub-Treasury system, a speech delivered in 
the Mass. House of Eepresentatives, March 26, 
1838. 

Address to the People of Massachusetts, 1838. 

Free Schools and Free Governments, a lecture 
delivered before the Boston Lyceum, Dec. 20, 1838. 

The Pilgrim Fathers, an address delivered before 
the New England Society of New York, Dec. 23, 
1839. 

The Votes of Interested Members, a decision 
pronounced from the chair of the Mass. House of 
Representatives, Feb. 19, 1840. 

The Proceeds of the Public Lands, a speech 
delivered in the U. S. House of Representatives, 
July 2, 1841. 

The National Revenue, a speech delivered in the 
U. S. House of Representatives, July 28, 1841. 

The Policy of Discriminating Duties, a speech 
delivered in the U. S. House of Representatives, 
Dec. 30, 1841. 

The Imprisonment of Free Colored Seamen, a 
report made to the U. S. House of Representa- 
tives, Jan. 20, 1843. 

The Safe Keeping of the Public Moneys, a speech 
delivered in the U. S. House of Representatives, 
Jan. 25, 1843. 

The Credit of Massachusetts Vindicated, a speech 
delivered at Faneuil Hall, Oct. 12, 1843. 

The Right of Petition, a speech delivered in the 
U. S. House of Representatives, Jan. 23, 1844. 

The Oregon question and the Treaty of Wash- 
ington, a speech delivered in the U. S. House of 
Representatives, March 18, 1844. 

The Annexation of Texas, a speech delivered in 
the U. S. House of Representatives, Jan. 6, 1845. 

Great Britain and the United States, a speech 
delivered in the U. S. House of Representatives, 
Feb. 1, 1845. 

The Influence of Commerce, an address deliv- 
ered before the Mercantile Library Association of 
Boston, Oct. 15, 1845. 

Arbitration of the Oregon Question, a speech 
delivered in the U. S. House of Representatives, 
Jan. 3, 1846. 

River and Harbor Improvements, a speech deliv- 
ered in the U. S. House of Representatives, March 
12, 1846. 

The Wants of the Government and the Wages 
of Labor, a speech delivered in the U. S. House of 
Representatives, June 26, 1846. 

The War with Mexico, a speech delivered in the 
U. S. House of Representatives, Jan. 8, 1847. 

The Conquest of Mexican Territory, a speech 
delivered in the U. S. House of Representatives, 
Feb. 22, 1847. 

The National Monument to Washington, an ad- 
dress on laying its corner-stone at Washington, 
July 4, 1848. 



The Bible, an address delivered before the 
Massachusetts Bible Society in Boston, May 28, 
1849. 

The Life and Services of James Bowdoin, an 
address delivered before the Maine Historical So- 
ciety, at Bowdoin College, Sept. 5, 1849. 

Personal Vindication, a speech delivered in the 
U. S. House of Representatives, Feb. 21, 1850. 

The Admission of California and the Adjust- 
ment of the Slavery Question, a speech delivered 
in the U. S. House of Representatives, May 8, 
1850. 

The Boundary of New Mexico and Texas, a 
speech delivered in the U. S. Senate, Aug. 14, 
1850. 

The Protest against the Admission of California, 
remarks in the U. S. Senate, Aug. 14, 1850. 

The Fugitive Slave Law, a speech delivered in 
the U. S. Senate, Aug. 19, 1850. 

Slavery in the District of Columbia, a speech 
delivered in the U. S. Senate, Sept. 10, 1850. 

The Valuation of Imports, a speech delivered in 
the U. S. Senate, Jan. 17, 1851. 

The Obligations and Responsibilities of Educated 
Men, an address delivered before the Alumni of 
Harvard University, July 22, 1852. 

American Agriculture, an address before the 
Bristol County Agricultural Society, at Taunton, 
Oct. 15, 1852. 

Archimedes and Franklin, a lecture delivered 
before the Mass. Charitable Mechanics Associa- 
tion, Nov. 29, 1853. 

Algernon Sidney, a lecture delivered before the 
Boston Mercantile Library Association, Dec. 21, 
1853. 

The Repeal of the Missouri Compromise, remarks 
made at Faneuil Hall, Feb. 23, 1854. 

The Historic Glories of the Empire State, a speech 
at the semi-centennial celebration of the New York 
Historical Society, Nov. 20, 1854. 

An Address at the laying of the corner-stone of 
the Boston Public Library, Sept. 17, 1855. 

The Fusion of Parties in Massachusetts, a letter 
to the Whig Executive Committee, Oct. 15, 1855. 

A Report to the Overseers of Harvard College on 
the office of Preacher to the University and the 
Plummer Professorship, 1855. 

An Address delivered at the unveiling of the 
statue of Benjamin Franklin, in Boston, Sept. 17, 
1856. 

The Presidential Question, a speech made in 
Faneuil Hall, Oct. 24, 1856. 

The Worthies of Connecticut, a speech delivered 
at the Festival of the Sons of Connecticut, in 
Boston, Jan. 14, 1857. 

Music in New England, an address at the open- 
ing of the first Musical Festival in Boston, May 21, 
1857. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



A Memorial addressed to the City Council of 
Boston on the Subject of a Central Charity Bureau, 
Oct. 8, 1857. 

An Address delivered at the dedication of the 
Boston Public Library, Jan. 1, 1858. 

Christianity, neither sectarian nor sectional, the 
great remedy for social and political evils ; an ad- 
dress delivered before the Young Men's Christian 
Association of Boston, April 7, 1859. 

Luxury and the Fine Arts, an address delivered 
before the Young Men's Christian Association of 
Baltimore, May 2, 1859.. 

Speech on the presentation of a standard to the 
Twenty-second regiment of Massachusetts volun- 
teers, on Boston Common, Oct. 8, 1861. 

Memoir of Hon. Nathan Appleton; prepared for 
the Mass. Historical Society, 1861. 

Speech made on Boston Common at the mass 
meeting in aid of Recruiting, Aug. 27, 1862. 

Speech on the presentation of a standard to the 
Forty-third regiment of Massachusetts volunteers, 
on Boston Common, Nov. 5, 1862. 

Concordia, a speech delivered at the Triennial 
Festival of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic 
Association, Oct. 14, 1863. 

The Nomination of McClellan, a speech delivered 
at the great Ratification Meeting in New York, 
Sept. 17, 1864. 

The Presidential Election of 1864, a speech de- 
livered at New London, Oct. 18, 1864. 

Speech made at the Jubilee of the American 
Bible Society, in New York, May 10, 1866. 

Massachusetts and its Early History, an intro- 
ductory lecture before the Lowell Institute of 
Boston, Jan. 5, 1869. 

Eulogy pronounced at the Funeral of George 
Peabody, at Peabody, Feb. 8, 1870. 

An Oration delivered at Plymouth on the Two 
Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the Landing 
of the Pilgrims, Dec. 21, 1870. 

The Environs of Boston, an address at the dedi- 
cation of the Town Hall of Brookline, Feb. 22, 
1873. 

Sir Walter Raleigh, paper read at a meet- 
ing of the Mass. Historical Society, Sept. 10, 
1873. 

Speech at the Vice Chancellor's banquet in the 
Hall of St. Peter's College, Cambridge, England, 
June 15, 1874. 

Centennial Oration, delivered by invitation of 
the City government of Boston, July 4, 1876. 

Address delivered at the unveiling of the statue 
of Daniel Webster in the Central Park, New York, 
Nov. 25, 1876. 

Memoir of Hon. John H. Clifford, prepared for 
the Mass. Historical Society, 1877. 

The Semi-Centennial of the Class of 1828, re- 
marks at the Alumni dinner, June 26, 1878. 



Memoir of Henry Clay, prepared at the request 
of the New England Historic-Genealogical Society, 
1879. 

Remarks on retiring from the Presidency of the 
Boston Provident Association after twenty-five 
years service, with an explanatory note, Oct. 8, 
1879. 

Address at the Centennial celebration of the 
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, in Bos- 
ton, May 26, 1880. 

Remarks at the Two Hundred and Fiftieth Anni- 
versary of the First Church in Boston, Nov. 18, 
1880. 

The Puritans and the Church of England, a paper 
read before the Mass. Historical Society, Jan. 13, 
1881. 

Oration delivered on Bunker Hill at the unveil- 
ing of the statue of Col. William Prescott, June 17, 
1881. 

Oration on the Hundredth Anniversary of the 
Surrender of Lord Cornwallis, delivered at York- 
town, by invitation of Congress, Oct. 19, 1881. 

Oration, by order of Congress, on the comple- 
tion of the national monument to Washington, 
Feb. 21, 1885. 

Four volumes of the collected Addresses and 
Speeches of Mr. Winthrop have been published by 
Messrs. Little, Brown & Co., of Boston, at differ- 
ent periods : the first in 1852 ; the second in 1867 ; 
the third (with an engraving of him) in 1879; the 
fourth (with a heliotype of the portrait of him in 
the Capitol at Washington) in 1886. They com- 
prise the greater part of the productions already 
cited, together with numerous others, including 
many much-admired tributes uttered by him from 
the chair of the Mass. Historical Society in com- 
memoration of distinguished contemporaries, on 
both sides of the Atlantic, with whom he has been 
closely associated. The same Society's volumes 
of Proceedings comprise many papers read or re- 
marks made by him ; while in the volumes of Pro- 
ceedings of the Peabody Education Fund, the 
Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and 
Ethnology, the Bunker Hill Monument Associa- 
tion, and the Reports of the Massachusetts Bible 
Society, are to be found other addresses made by 
him as President of those institutions. He is also 
the author of a small work entitled "Washington, 
Bowdoin, and Franklin " (187G), and an elaborate 
Life, in two volumes, of his great ancestor, com- 
piled from family papers in his possession, and 
entitled " Life and Letters of John Winthrop," the 
first volume of which appeared in 1863, the second 
in 1866, and which has since passed through another 
edition. 

A patriotic hymn written by Mr. Winthrop, and 
printed by him anonymously, obtained a wide cir- 



26 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



culation during the Civil War, and he has since 
privately printed an Ode to Queen Victoria on the 
occasion of her Jubilee, two sonnets commemora- 
tive of the centennial of Washington's first inaugu- 
ration, and a metrical translation of the Dies Irae. 

The Class book, etc., contains photographs from 
life and from Huntington's portrait of him in the 
Capitol at Washington. 

Jonathan Loring Woart. 

Entered the Episcopal ministry ; lost with wife 
and child in steamer " Pulaski," 14 June, 1838. 
He married, July, 1830, Elizabeth West. 



The Class library contains a copy of The Har- 
vard Register, 1827-28 (Cambridge, 1828). The 
advertisement says that the first number appeared 
in March, 1827, and continued for twelve months. 
It was first under the direction of three members 
of the Class of 1827 (C. C. Felton, S. M. E. Kittle, 
Seth Sweetser) ; but in August, 1827, these were 
succeeded by three of 1828 (T. B. Fox, Geo. S. 
Hillard, J. C. Richmond), with whom, later, six 
other members of the last-named Class were joined, 
forming the Polyglot Club. This Class copy has 
been annotated by various hands, particularly by 
Dr. Bowditch, and from these notes, as well as from 
memoranda in three other copies in the College 
Library (one of which belonged to Charles Sum- 
ner), the authorship of the various papers is cer- 
tainly or tentatively noted in the following list. 
Where the data differ, the alternative names are 
given. 

March, 1827. Introduction [not signed]. C. C. 
Felton. 

Uses of literary history [signed C. C.]. C. C. 
Felton. 

Miseries of the Spectacle family [C.]. James 
Freeman Clarke. 

Funeral rites [E. Y.]. Seth Sweetser (?). 

Life and writings of Ariosto [V.]. Henry R. 
Cleveland. 

The Oriental muse. Verse [F.]. C. C. Felton. 

Napoleon's departure to St. Helena. Verse [H.]. 
J. H. Warland. 

Harp of my country. Verse [K.]. S. M. E. 
Kittle, later called W. E. Rogers. 

Death of W. O. Prescott. B. R. Curtis. 

April, 1827. The writings of Irving [T. B.]. 
Thomas B. Fox. 

The land of Nature [X.]. Marshall Tufts. 

The drama [N. R.]. Seth Sweetser. 

A vision of the universe, translated from Richter 
[H. H.]. F. H. Hedge. 



Literary success of female writers [C. C.]. C. C. 
Felton. 

The death of W. B. D. Verse [H. H.]. F. H. 
Hedge. 

Changes. Verse [J.]. Jos. W. Cross, James 
Freeman Clarke. 

A death-bed scene. Verse [K.]. S. M. E. 
Kittle. 

May, 1827. Life and writings of Holty [C. C.]. 
C. C. Felton. 

Imagination as affecting abstruse studies [S.]. 
Seth Sweetser, probably ; but it has been assigned 
to H. R. Cleveland. 

Periodical publications [ W.H.] W.H.Brooks ( ?) . 

The presentiment [T. B.]. Thomas B. Fox. 

Madame Dacier, from the French [N. R.]. 
Seth Sweetser. 

Think of me. Verse [M. B.]. David H. 
Barlow. 

A fragment. Verse [E. H.]. Joseph W. Cross. 

Lines suggested by Volney's "Ruins" [K.]. 
S. M. E. Kittle. 

The last wish. Verse [H. H.]. F. H. Hedge. 

June, 1827. Effects of literature upon the 
people [C. C.]. C. C. Felton. 

Battle of Lexington [X.]. Marshall Tufts. 

Autobiography [P. Q.]. Edmund Quincy, C. C. 
Felton. 

Genius of Sheridan [O. U.j. 

The orphan. Verse [K.]. S. M. E. Kittle. 

Hope. Verse [T.]. 

Niobe. Verse [L.]. John O. Sargent. 

The tears of a king [G.]. G. S. Hillard. 

The soldier's burial [O.]. John O. Sargent. 

July, 1827. The morality of the ancient 
philosophers [M. E.]. Seth Sweetser, S. M. E. 
Kittle. 

Letter from a country schoolmaster [T. B.]. 
Thomas B. Fox. 

Love of travelling [K.]. S. M. E. Kittle. 

Essay [not signed]. 

Notices of American poets [not signed]. John 
O. Sargent. 

John Osborn [not signed]. John O. Sargent. 

Writings of the author of " The Spy" [F. B.I. 
Thomas B. Fox. 

Character of Cicero [not signed]. Edmund 
Quincy. 

Matters of the heart [not signed]. Josiah Q. 
Whitney. 

The fine arts [S.]. John Turner Sargent. 

Stanzas [M. P.]. 

Imitation of Goethe. Verse [S. G.]. 

August, 1827. The day of graduating [T. B.]. 
Thomas B. Fox. 

Proper persons [not signed]. Geo. Chapman. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Remarks upon the classics [C.]. C. C. Emerson, 
Charles A. Farley. 

Letter from a country schoolmaster [M. B.]. 
Thomas B. Fox, D. H. Barlow. 

Notices of American poets : Rev. John Adams, 
Mather Byles, Thomas Godfrey [not signed]. 
John O- Sargent, J. T. Sargent. 

Individual differences of character [A.]. Seth 
Sweetser. 

The diffusion of knowledge [M. A. C.]. J. H. 
Warland. 

I'll think of thee. Verse [S. C.]. J. H. War- 
land. 

The bridal night. Verse [M.]. H. B. McLel- 



A reverie. Verse [P. Q.]. C. C. Felton. 

Lines [P. Q.]. C. C. Felton. 

Lines [not signed] . J. C. Richmond. 

September, 1827. Day before Commence- 
ment: a dialogue [G.]. Charles A. Farley, 
George Bartlett. 

Progress of Commerce [W.]. George H. Whit- 
man. 

Evening thoughts [G.]. Charles A. Farley. 

Vacation [C. C.]. C. C. Felton. 

Death of students [not signed]. Thomas B. 
Fox. 

Letter from a country schoolmaster [T. B.]. 
Thomas B. Fox. 

Comparison between the ancients and the moderns 
[M. B.]. S. M. E. Kittle (?). 

The Etonian [not signed]. J. O. Sargent. 

Land of the Pilgrims. Verse [M. B.]. D. H. 
Barlow. 

The past. Verse [P. Q.]. C. C. Felton. 

Mathematical question [B.]. 

October, 1827. My early days [not signed]. 
Thomas B. Fox. 

Extracts from a valedictory poem [not signed]. 
F. H. Hedge. 

Conversation [E.]. C. C. Emerson. 

Evening meditations. Verse [A.D.]. E. S.Rand. 

Key to Vivian Gray [not signed]. John O. 
Sargent. 

Day of entering [not signed]. Thomas B. Fox. 

Cambridge lyrics. Verse [Q. H. F., Jr.]. 
James Freeman Clarke. 

Historical sketch of Harvard College [not 
signed]. Thomas B. Fox, C. C. Felton, B. R. 
Curtis. 

Battle of the Delta. Verse [not signed]. J. C. 
Richmond. 

Recollections, contributed from a MS. by [L. A.]. 
E. S. Rand. 

November, 1827. The skeptic [not signed]. 
Thomas B. Fox. 



Extract from a valedictory poem [not signed] . 
F. H. Hedge. 

New England romance [not signed]. George S. 
Hillard. 

New England pastorals. Verse [not signed]. 
J. C. Richmond, F. H. Hedge. 

The College [not signed]. Thomas B. Fox. 

Moon-gazers in Saturn. Verse [not signed]. 
J. C. Richmond. 

Lyre of the West. Verse [not signed]. E. S. 
Rand. 

An old subject [not signed]. William G. Swett. 

A rainy Saturday [not signed]. Thomas B. Fox. 

Historical sketches of Harvard College [not 
signed]. George S. Hillard, R. B. Curtis. 

Vacation. Verse [not signed]. F. H. Hedge. 

December, 1827. Journal of the Polyglot 
Club, No. 1 [not signed]. 

The epicurean (Moore's) [not signed]. George 
S. Hillard. 

The skeptick's soliloquy. Verse [not signed]. 
F. H. Hedge. 

Commencement in olden time [not signed]. 
T. B. Fox. 

A new comer [not signed]. Robert C. Winthrop. 

I'll keep a country school. Verse [not signed]. 
J. C. Richmond. 

The man in the masque [not signed]. C. C. 
Emerson. 

Frusta exlicia [sic] [not signed] . C. F. Barnard. 

January, 1828. Journal of the Polyglot Club, 
No. 2 [not signed]. R. C. Winthrop. 

American souvenirs [not signed]. T. B. Fox. 

The poetry of numbers [not signed]. George S. 
Hillard, W. G. Swett, 

Friendship [not signed]. C. C. Emerson. 

What! write a poem? Verse [not signed]. 
J. C. Richmond. 

Dress [not signed]. George Chapman. 

Notices of American poets, conclusion [not 
signed]. J. O. Sargent. 

Frusta exlicia \_sic~] [not signed]. C. F. Barnard. 

Historical sketches of Harvard College [not 
signed]. B. R. Curtis, E. H. Hedge. 

February, 1828. Journal of the Polyglot 
Club, No. 3 [not signed]. C. C. Emerson. 

Sketches by N. P. Willis, review [not signed.] 
C. C. Emerson. 

Private life of great men [not signed]. George 
S. Hillard. 

A confession [not signed]. W. G. Swett. 

Travel [not signed]. R. C. Winthrop. 

Departure of the fairies. Verse [not signed]. 
J. C. Richmond. 

Cui bono [not signed]. C. F. Barnard (?). 

Life in college [not signed]. Thomas B. Fox. 

Concluding address [not signed]. G. S. Hillard. 



28 



THE CLASS OF 1828. 



The dramatis personae of the Polyglot Club are 
given thus : 

Sylvanus Dashwood, George S. Hillard. 
Dr. Democritus, C. C. Emerson. 
Jeremiah Grimes, E. H. Hedge. 
Seth Pringle, C. F. Barnard. 
Quicksilver Smalltalk, William G. Swett. 
Blank Etcetera, Sr., R. C. Winthrop. 
Oliver Martext, J. C. Richmond. 
Solomon Pry, T. B. Fox. 
Tristram Sturdy, J. J. Gilchrist. 



The following notice appears in The Harvard 
Register, 1827-28, p. 32 : 

" At a meeting of the members of the Harvard 
Washington Corps, the following gentlemen were 
chosen officers for the present year. R. C. Win- 
throp of Boston, Captain; Robert Gilmor of 
Baltimore, 1st Lieutenant ; Joseph Dana of Cam- 
bridge, 2d Lieutenant ; Patrick Grant of Boston, 
Ensign; John P. Tarbell of Cambridge, 1st Com- 
mandant ; James S. Wadsworth of Geneseo, N. Y., 
2d do. ; Charles T. Murdoch of Havana, Cuba, 
3d do. ; Josiah D. Hedge of Cambridge, 4th do." 



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