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UVBS AND MBHOIBS 

• OP THE 

BISHOPS 

FaoM THZ YB«ft 70s TO 1R34. 




RET. STEPHEN HYDE CAS .AN, A. ! 

ChipliiiiUtlKElvlor'CalcdoD, K.P. 
CURATE OP MERE AND WEST KNOYLE, WILTS. 



PRINTED AND SOLD IIV DKOUIF. AND DOWDING. 



THF Kliy V. ' -.tK 

PUBLIC LIBK> RY 

AiTon, LENOX .,'««f j 

111 - I -^ 




• ■ 



• • • 



* • 






• • « 

* • • » 






TO THE RIGHT RKV£RBND 



JOHN FISHER, D.D. F.R. & A.S. 



motn iMitmt of ^ii0fittrv, 



CHANCELLOR OF THE ORDER OF THE GARTER, he. tu:. 



THESE MEMOIRS 



ARE MOST RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED, 



BY HIS LORMHIPS 



MOST OBEDIENT AND MUCH OBLIGED 



HUMBI^ SERVANT, 



STEPHEN HYDE CASSAN. 



Vicarage, Mere, Wilts, Merck 16, 1824. 



In the following rough and disjomted compilation it will 
be seen that »itfle has been wboUy neglected. I hare 
sought no other praise than that of Industry and Fidelity; 
for my object has not been to produce an amusing volume, 
but a correct and authentic record of the persons of whom 
it treats. 

Over many of the Sarum Prelates, modem no less 
than ancient. Oblivion seems to have cast her deepest 
shades. To rescue them from their undeserved obscurity, 
and to concentrate their widely dispersed notices, has been 
my humble, and I trust, not altogether useless endeavour. 
It frequently bappens that persons hitherto considered 
insignificant prove to have been so only because little 
known. On such, then, has been bestowed the greater 
research and more ample illustration ; wliile I have con- 
sidered it less necessary to give copious details of those 
Prelates, who, by their conspicuous connection with the 
political and literary history of our country, are already 
universally known and largely recorded by the pen of 
Biography ; the memoirs of the latter therefore will appear 
in a compressed form, and references to other works will 
be made for the filling up of the outline. 

The extensive range taken by Bishop Godwin necessarily 
precluded his treating at large of the individual Prelates 
of any speciGc See. The same apology may be offered for 
the scantiness of the additional materials brought to light 
by liis Annotator and Continuator, the Rev. Dr. Richardson, 
Many of their articles, confined to a very few lines, 1 



VI. 



have been fortunate enough to enlarge considerably by 
reference to County Historians and other sources of 
authentic information. Since the date of Richardson's 
work (1743) more than 80 years have elapsed, during 
which period a large accession has been made . to our 
biographical stock by tlie demise of many of the Sarum 
Prelates, whose Memoirs, like those of a vast portion of 
their predecessors, are not to be found in any of our 
biographical dictionaries or collections, but are either 
prefixed to voluminous editions of their works, or scattered 
up and down in publications of a fleeting nature, or, lastly, 
deposited only in the breasts of their kindred and descend- 
ants. 

The p'^rpetual incursions of the Danes and their bar- 
barous devastation of places sacred to religion and lite- 
rature gave a death blow to learning in this country, 
in its infancy, and has thrown an almost impervious cloud 
over the records of our early history. The Memorials, 
therefore, of Prelates during the Saxon period are neces- 
sarily exceedingly deficient— of others the notices are 
merely passages of history, laying no claim to biography ; 
and it not unfrequently happens that the dates of their 
succession and death are all that the most careful investiga- 
tion can elicit : while even in this point, great, and some- 
times insurmountable difficulties will occur, and perhaps it 
is known only to those who have entered with zeal into 
similar researches, how many an hour may be spent, 
and how many a volume turned over in the adjustment 
of the anachronisms of the Monkish Chroniclers, and in 
the settlement of a single disputed date. Chronological 
precision, though an unfasliionable feature in popular 
publications, it must be allowed^ is the very life of all 
historical and biographical compilation. 



I believe that scarcely a single insUnce will be found 
in this work of any assertion being hazarded withont actnal 
reference to, and citation of, a standard, if not original 
aothority. Every life is written de novo. Nothing has 
been taken for granted — 1 have investigated and compared 
the assertions of each preceding writer by verifying their 
qnotations, and have labored to avoid misrepresentation. 
I know this gives the narrative a cavilling appearance, and 
presents it in an nnconth garb, bnt I tmst it does not 
render it less vahiable ; and I have chosen rather to appear 
triflingly minate than to admit any matter without having, 
as far as my means and opportnnities would allow, sifted 
it to the utmost, constantly keeping in view that excellent 
remark of Baronius, that ** no testimonies of later authors 
are to be regarded concerning the things of remote anti« 
quity which are not supported by the testimony of ancient 
writers,*** 

In the two reprints introduced, via. Lady Bacon's 
life of Jewel, and the singularly interesting and very scarce 
Life of Sbth Ward by Dr. Pope, there is not the slightest 
interpolation : and in regard to alteration, all that I have 
taken the liberty of making is confined solely to the omission 
of some wholly irrelevant and uninteresting matter, whose 
space is supplied by a valuable account of the recovery of 
the Chancellorship of the Garter, (never before printed), 
extracted from that Prelate's M S. common place or 
memorandum book in the possession of Bishop Fisher. 

Of living Prelates I have abstained from all attempt 
at delineation of character. I will not be accused of making 
this work a vehicle for panegyrick. 

It would be an act of unpardonable ingratitude were 
I here to omit the expression of uiy cordial thanks to 

* Ecckb. Annals. 



vui. 

Sir Richard Colt Hoare, Bart, the first saggester of 
this publication, for the permission he generously gave me 
of daily access to the inraluable stores contained in the 
princely library at Stourhead, without which it would 
have been impossible for a Country Curate, far removed 
from every other haunt of the Muses, to have put together 
even these humble pages. 

To the same kind Patron-*-to the Lord Bishop of 
Salisbury — to John Turing, Esq. of Alford House, 
near Castle Cary — and the members of his family, I desire 
thus publicly to present my sincere acknowledgments for 
their unremitting efforts to swell the list of subscribers. 

For the numerous defects that I fear will obtrude 
themselves to the eye of Criticism, I must throw myself on 
the candour of my readers. 



A LIST 

OF 

THE PRINCIPAL AUTUORITIES 

WHENCE 

The following Lives have been cotnpiled. 



CATALOGUS Script Brit. Bale. fol. Basiliae 1659. 
Dc illustribas Brit Scriptoribas Pitsasus. 4to. Parisiis. 1619. 
Commentarii dc Scriptoribas Brit Lbland 8o- Oxonii 1709. 
Bibliotbeca Britannico Hib. Tanner, fol. Loodini. 1722. 
The EDglisb, Scotch, and Irish Historical Libraries. NicoL- 

soN. fol. Lond. 1736. 
Faedera, CooTeotiones, Litersc ct Acta Publica, &c. Rtmer. 

20 torn. fol. Lond. 17.37. 
Concilia Ma^ae Brit et Hib. Wilkins. 4 torn. fol. Londini. 

1737. 
Calcndarium Rotalorom Patcntium in turri Londincnsi fol. 

Londini. 1802. 
lA'gcnda Sanctorum Anglia; Joanms CAroRAvn, imprcssa 

Londonias in domo W. dc Worde. fol. 1616. 
The Golden Legend, inipryntcd at London by Wynken do 

Worde. fol. 1624. 
Polychronicon by Ralph Hygden, imprcnted in Southwcrke 

by Peter Trevcris. fol. 1627. 
Chronicon ex Chronicis ab initio mundi usque ad annum 1118 

auctore Florentio Wigormensi Monacho. 4to. Lond« 

16y2. 
Flores Historiarum per MATTiiiEUM Westmonasteriensrm 

Collecti, ctChron. ex. Cbrou. uucturc Floulntio Wigok- 

\inNsi. fol. Francofurii, J601. 



Reram Anglicaram Scriptores post Bedam prcecipai. ac. Wil- 

LIELUUsMaLMESBURIENSIS, HeNRICUS HUNTINGDONIENSIS, 

&c. Frtmcofurti 1601. 
Historia Novorum, uve sai siscali, Eadmerus. fol. Landimu 

1G23. 
M atthsei Paris Hist. m^j. Lond. 1640. 
Decern Scriptores. fol. Load. 1662. 
Rerum ADglicariim Scriptores veteres. Gale. 9 torn fol. 

Oxon. 1684-7. 
Historia Anglicana eeclesiastica. Harpsfield. fol. Daaci. 1622. 
Monasticoo Anglicanam. SirW. Dugdale. 3 vol. fol. Lood. 1655. 
Tbc Charch History of Britain. Fuller, fol. Lond. 1656. 
Tbe Church Hist, of Brittany. Cressy. 2 vol. fol. 1668. 
Origioes BritannlcaB. Stilling fleet, fol. Land. 1685. 
Britannicamm Ecclesiaram Antiqaitates. Usher, fol. Land* 

1687. 
Anglia Sacra. Wharton. 2 torn. fol. Land, 1691. 
Fasti Ecclesice AnglicansB. Le Neve. fol. Savoy, 1716. 
Monasticon Anglicanam, by Duo dale, trans* into Engl. fol. 

Land. 1713. 
Historia eccles. gentis Anglorum. Bed a. fol Cantab. 1722. 
Survey of the English Cathedrals. Browne Willis. 1742. 
De Prssulibus Angllas Commentarias. Godwyn. fol. Cantab. 

1743. 
lives of the Fathers, Martyrs and other Saints. Butler. 12 

vols. 8o- Dublin. 1780. 
The Chronicles of Hollinshed. 4 vols. fol. Lond. 1587- 
Cbronicon Saxonicum. Edm. Gibson, ed, Oxon, 1692. 
The Saxon Chronicle translated by I. Ingram, B.D. Lond.\ii!23. 
Anglia Hibernica, &c. Camden, fol. Francofurti, 1602. 
Historic Anglicanae. Auct. Polydoro Virgilio. Urbinate. Luyd. 

Bat. 1651. 
Neustria Pia. Du Chesne. fol. Rothomagi 1663. 
Hist, of the Aug. Saxons. Sh. Turner. 4 vols. 8«- Lond. 1799. 
Hist, of the Worthies of England. Fuller. 4to. Loml. 1662. 
New Edit. Nichols. 2 vols. 4to. Lond. 1811. 
Lord Souiers's Collcciion of Tracts, IG vol. Ito. Lond. 1748 — 
t ?.''••> 



XI. 

Afctoolosia. 17 vols. 4Kh— 1770^1814. 

Baronage of EngL Duodalb. 3 vol. fol. Lomd. 1676. 

A display of Heraldry, by John Ouillim. 3 vol. fol. land. 1734. 

A complete body of Heraldry. Edmonson. 3 vol. fol. lAmd. 1780. 

Ancieiit faneral Monuments. Weever. 4to. Ltmd, 1831. 

Moonmenta Anglieana. Le Nbvb. 6 vols. 8»- Lond. 1719. 

Sepulchral Monuments in O. Brit by Rich. Gouoh, Esq. 3to1. 

fol. Land. 1786—1706. 
JoANNis Lelamdi dc rebus Brit. Collectanea. 6 vol. Oxim. 1716. 
Continaation of Monasticon Anglicanum, by Stevens. 3 toI. 

fol. 1732. 
Origines Jarididales. Dugdalb. fol. Lond* 1680. 
Britannia by Camden. 3 vol. fol. Land. 1610. 
Remaines by ditto 4to, Lond. 1657. 
Tbe Itinerary of John Lbland. 9 toIs. foL Oxford. 1770. 
History of Windsor. Hakewell. 4to. 1813. 
Collectanea Cantab. Blomefield. 4to. Norwich. 1760. 

Hist of I>or8et Hutchins. 3 toI. fol. Lond. 1774. 

Hist of 0»' Palatine of Durham. Hutchinson. 3 toIs. 4to. 
Neweatile. 1785. 

Hist of the Cath. Ch. of Winchester. Gale. B^- Lond. 1716. 

An Hist of Winchester. Milneb. 3 vol. 4to. Winckeiterm 1798. 

Hist of Ch. of Peterboronifh. Gunter. fol. Land. 1686. 

Antiquities of Canterbury. Somner. fol. Lond. 1703. 

Hist of Kent Harris. foL Lond. 1719. 

Hist and Topo^aphical Survey of Kent Hasted. 10 fol. 8^- 
Lond. 1797. 

Description of Leicestershire. Burton, fol. 1633. 

Hist of Leicestershire. 7 vol. fol. Nichols. Land. 1795. 

Repertorium Ecclesiasticum Parochiale Londlnense. New* 
court. 3 vol. fol. Land. 1708. 

Historical and Topog. descript of Chelsea. Faulkner. 8<>* 1810. 

Historical and Topo. Account of Folham. 4to. Lond. 1813. 

Hist of Norfolk. Blomefield. 1 1 vols. 4to. Lond. 1805. 

Hist of SouthwelL Rastell. 4to. Lond. 1787. 

Hist and Antiq. of Oxford by Anthony A. Wood, by Gutcu. 
5 vol. 4to. Oxford. 1793. 



xii. 



Hist, of Somersetshire. Collinson. 3 yoIs. 4to. Bath. 1791. 

Antiquitates Sarisburienses. 8o- Sarum. 1771. 

Hist, of York. Drake, fol. Lond. 1736. 

Biographia Britannica. 7. vols. fol. Lond. 1747. and edition by 

Kippis. 5 Yols. fol. 
Warton's History of English Poetry. 
Porter's Lives of the English Saincts. Doway. 1632. 
L'Art de verifier Ics dates. 

A. Wood's AthensB and Fasti Oxonienscs. new edition by Bliss. 
Sir John Hawkins's Hist, of Music. 
Aubrey's Miscellanies. 
Collier's Ecclesiastical History. 
Ingulphi Historia, &c. 
Asserii Annates iElfredi, &e. edit. Wise. 
Wordsworth's Ecclesiastical Biography. 6 vols. S^- 1818. 
Prince's Worthies of Devon. 4to. 1810. 
Gilbert's Hist, of Cornwall. 2 vols. 4to. 
Ballard's Memoirs of Learned Ladies. 4to. 1752. 
Abel Redivivus. 1651. 
Churton's Life of Dean Nowell. 8o- 
Sir John Harrington's Briefe View. 12mo. 1653. 
Granger's Biog. Hist. Engl, and Contin. by Noble. 7 vols. 
Middleton's Evang. Biog. 4 vols. 8 
Chalmers's Biographical Dictionary. 32 vols. 8o- 
Lupton's Modern Protestant Divines. Lond. 8o* 1637. 
Hatcher's Catalogue of Provosts, &c. of King's Coll. Camb. 
Le Neve's Lives of Abps. Cant and York. 8o* Lond.— 1720. 
Salmon's Lives of the Bps. from Restoration to the Revolution. 

80* Lond. 1733. 
Principam ac illustriam aliquot virornm Encomia. 4to. 1589. 
Broster's Hist Chester Cathed. 
Savage's Balliofergus. 4to. Oxf. 1668. 
Bromley's Catalogue of Engraved Portraits. 
Nugai Antiquae. 3 vols. 12mo. 
Fealley's Life of Abbot 
Malcolm's Londinium Rcdivivum. 
Giraldus Cambrcnsis and the Translation by Sir R. C. Hoare, 

Barf. 



XIII. 



Voflaios de Hifltoricis 
Turner's Notitia Monastica. e^t. Nasmitb. Camb. 1787. 
Wbeatly on the Conmioii Prayer, edit 1810. 8<»- 
Dodswortb's Hist Salisb. Cathedral. 
Googb's Topography of Wilts. 
Price's Account of Salisbury Cathedral. 
Seidell's Titles of Honor. 
Wood's MSS ID the Asbmolean. 
Mamring; and Bray's History of Sarry. 
Bell's Hist, of the Huntingdon Peerage. 
Atkins's Hist. Gloucestershire. 

Registers in the Prerog. Court of Canterbury at Doctor's Coni« 
mons. 

Dart's Hist. Wesminster Abbey. 2 vols. fol. 

Ljsons's Hist, of Derbyshire. 
' Devonshire* 

Sir James Ware de Przsul. Hibernise. 

CoUins's Peerage. 

Sir Egerton Brydges's Restituta* 

Fiddes's Life of Wolsey. 

Home's History of England. 

Willis's Abbies. 

Bishop Burnet's History of his own Times, 4 vols. 8^*- 1818. 

Morant's Hist, of Bssex. 

Gentleman's Magazine. 

Nichols's Literary Anecdotes of the 18th Century, 9 vols. 8^ 

Aikin*s Life of Abp. Usher and Selden, 8"- 

Lloyd's Memoirs, fol. Lond. 1668. 

Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy. 

Peggc's Curialia. 

Bridges's Hist of Northamptonshire. 

Walker's Life of Rich. Hooker. Lond. 1670. 

Letters from the Bodleian. 3 vols. 8o- 

Lord Clarendon's State Papers. 

Nichols's Epistolary Correspondence of Abp. Nicolson. 

Catalogues of Oxford and Cambndge Graduates. 

Butler's Life of Bp. Hildesley. 



XIV. 

Topographical Description of Tixall; 4to. Paiis. 1817, (for pri 

vatedistribation only.) 
Shaw's Hist, of StaffoI'dshlre. 
Bp. Percy's Reliqaes of Ancient Poetry. 
Jones's Life of Bp. Home. 80. 1795. 
Nash's Hist of Worcestershire. 
Salmon's Chronological Historian. 
Bp. Newton's life of Himself, prefixed to his works, and 8<*- 

edit. 2 vols. 8o* with Lives of 3 others. 1816. 
Ball's Hist of Winchester. 
Duncomb's Life and Errors, 2 vols. 9f>- 1818. 
Cumberland's Memoirs of Himself, 2 vols. 9^- 180^. 
Wrighf s Hist of Rutland. 
Blore's Hist of Rutland. 

Rashworth's Historical Collections.— te. &c. &c. 
Prynne's Lives of K. John^ Hen. IH. and Edward I. 



v^ 



BISHOPS 



OF 



SHERBORNE, WILTSHIRE OR WILTON, 

•m l^mrttm ami S^littnvjif 

IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER, WITH REPERBNCSS TO THEIR 

RESPECTIVE LIVES. 



ABBOT, Robert, PL 2, p. 86 
Aischougb, WilL Pt. 1. p. 253 
Aklbelm, St. Pt. 1, p. 5 
Alfred, Pt. 1, p. 76 
Alfric, Pt. 1, p. 100 
Alfrtan, Pt. 1, p. 98 
Alisy, PlI, p. 44 
Alfirold the lit, Pt. 1, p. 76 
Alfwold the 9d, PL 1, p. 87 
Aluridus, Pt. 1, p. 100 
Aaser, Pt. I, p. 45 
Audley, Edmond, Pi. 1, p. 279 

Bubwitb, Nic. PL 1, p. 237 
Brauchamp, Richard, Pl 1, p. 256 
BIydie, John, PL 1, p. 269 
Bcithwyn Itt, Pt. 1, p. 84 
Bumet, Gilbert, PL 3, p. 164 
Barringtoo, Hon. Shute, PL 3, p.326 
Britfawyn 2d, pL 1, p. 86 
Bricbwohl, PL 1, p. 101 
Bingham, Robert, Pc. 1, p. 176 
Bridport, Giles, Pt. 1, p. 184 
Branndstoo, Henry, PL 1, p. 197 
Bnidhth, Pl 1, p. 34 

Comer, Wm. PL 1, p. 198 
Chaundler, John, Pl. 1, p. 247 
Campegio, Lawrence, Pt. 1, p. 283 
Capon, John, o/tof Sakot^Pt. 1 , p.289 



Coldwell, John, PL 2, p. 80 
Cotton, Heniy, PL 2, p. 83 

Denefritby Pt.l» p.d4 
DeUwyle, Walter, PL 1, p. 188 
Deaoe, Henxy, Pl 1, p. 273 
Davenant, John, PL 2, p. Ill 
Duppa, Brian, PL 2, p. 131 
Drummond, Hon. Rob. Pt. 3, p. 284 
Douglas, John, PL 3, p. 328 

Ethelwotd, Pt. 1, p. 33 
Ealhstao, Pt. 1, p. 37 
Ethelage, Pt. 1, p. 44 
Eibelbald, Pt. 1, p. 15 
Ethehic, Pt. 1, p. 77 
Eihelsy, Pl 1, p. 77 
Ehner, Pt. 1, p. 85 
Etbelstan, Pt. 1, p. 91 
Er]ghum, Ralph, Pt. 1, p. 226 
Earles, John, PL 3, p. 14 
Elstan, Pt. 1, p. 98 
Fordhere, Pt. 1, p. 27 
Fotherby, Martin, Pt. 2, p. 97 
Fisher, John, Pt. 3, p. 361 

Ghent, Simon of, Pt. 1, p. 20-i 
Gheast, Edmund, Pt. 2, p. 61 
Gilbert, John, Pt. 3, p. 268 



XTI. 



Herewald, Pt. 1, p. 33 
Heahmund, Pt 1, p. 43 
Herman, Pr. 1, p. 102 
Hawkbum, Lawrence, Pt. 1, p. 198 
Halam, Robert, Pt. 1, p. 343 
Henchman, Humphrey, Pt. 3, p. 1 
Hyde, Alei. Pt. 3, p. 35 
Hoadly, BeAj. Pt. 3, p. 210 
Hume, John, Pt. 3, p. 320 

Jocclyn, Pt. 1, p. 135 
Jewel, John, Pt. 2, p. 3 

Longtpe, Nichs. Pt. 1, p. 199 
Langton, Thos. Pt« 1, p. 263 

Mortival, Roger, Pt. 1, p. 207 
Metford, Richard, Pt. 1, p. 235 

Nevil, Robert, Pt. 1, p. 248 

Odo, Pt. 1, p. 91 
Osuir, Pt. 1, p. 98 
Osmund, St. Pt. 1, p. 109 

Pauper, Herbert, Pt. 1, p. 157 
Poore, Richard, Pt. 1, p. 160 
Piers, John, Pt. 2, p. 69 



Roger, Pt. 1, p. 120 

Sigelm, Pt. 1, p. 75 

Siric, Pt. 1, p. 99 

Scammel, Walter, Pt. 1, p. 195 

Shaxton, Nics. Pt. 1, p. 287 

Salcot,John,atfa/Capon,Pt.l,p.289 

Sherlock, Thomas, Pt. 3, p. 241 

Talbot, William, Pt. 3, p. 188 
Thomas, John the 1st, Pt. 3, p. 2S1 
Thomas, John the 2d, Pt. 3, p. 313 
Townson, Robert, Pt. 2, p. 107 

Wilbert, Pt. 1, p. 35 
Werstan, Part 1, p. 74 
Wulfsin, Pt. 1, p. 78 
Wolfgar, Pt. 1, p. 99 
Walter, Hubert, Pt. 1, p. 142 
Wickham, Robert, Pt. 1, p. 194 
Wyvil, Robert, Pt. 1, p. 216 
Waltham, John, Pt. 1, p. 230 
Woodville, Lionel, Pt. 1, p. 260 
Ward, Seih, Pt. 3, p. 31 
Willis, Richard, Pt. 3, p. 202 

York, Wm. of, Pt.l,'p.l79 



BISHOPS 

OF 

SHERBORNE, WILTSHIRE OR WILTON, 

^U^ H^vttm Ann SbsMituvtp 

CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER^ 





Jtftnraicam 


beoiceriaiaetL 






BISHOPS OP 8HERB0BNB. 




V*ma«fPnUim. 


%eemded J, D, 


J>MJ,D. 


B^Mmi 


Aldhdm 


705 


709 


Kfalmetbury Abbey 


Fordheic 


709 


probably 709 




Hercvald 


739 


not before 738 




Eihelwokl 


pnbablyTSS 


DOC before 790 




Denefritb 


before 803 




Wilbert 


before 803 


before 813 




Ealhttan 


817 • 


867 


Sherborne 


Heabmund 


868 


871 , 




EtbeUsc 


871—2 


probably 875 




Alfiy 


875 






Aaer 


betw. 875—885 


909 


Probably Sherborne 


Wentan 


909 


before 918 




Eihelbaki 


probably 918 






Sigielm 




934 




Alfred 


934 


940-1 




Alfwold 1st 


not later than 966 


978 


Sherborne 


Eihelric 


after 978 






Elhel«7 
WulfsJn 




not before 991 




betw. 991-18 


probably 1004 




Brithwyn 1st 


about 1004 


1009 




Elmer 


1012 


resigned 


St. August. Cant. 


Prithwyn 2nd 








AU wold 2d 




inor prior to 1038 





BISHOPS OP WILTS. 



Sa9ie$ qf Prelata, 

Eihelstan 

Odo trans, to Canter- 
bury in 934 . . . 

Ofuir 

Alfsian 

Wolfgar 



! 



SwxeetM J. D. 
beiw. 920-7 

not before 927 

probably 941 

'981 



Di$iA, D. 
927 

938 

970 
981 



Buriedat 

Canterbury 

Wilton 
Abingdon 



XVUI. 



Name$ cf Prelatn. 
Siric. trani. to Canter- "I 
bury in 9B0 . . , f 
Ifric tram, to Canter- 7 
buiy in 996 ... 5 



BISHOPS OF WILTS, (corUktutd.) 
Succeeded A, D, 



Alfric 
but] 
Bfithwold 



989 
1006 



Died A. D, 

994-5 or 

1006 

1006 

1045 



Buried at 
Canterbury 

Canterbury 
GLutonbury 



BISHOPS OF OLD SARUM. 



Garnet qf Prdata, 
tlemnan . • . . 

St. Osmund . • . 
Roger 

Jocelyn . . • . 



Hubert Walter trans 

Cant. 1193 
Herbert Pauper 



'.'•'.1 



Succeeded A. D. 

1058 

1078 
1102 

1142 

1188-9 I 
1194 



Died A, D, 
1078 

1099 

1139 

ejected, and 

died 1184 

1205 

1216 



Buried at 
Old Saroin, bat re- 
moved to Mew 
Old Sarum 
Old Sarum 

Old Sarum 

Canterbury 
WUton 



BISHOPS OF NEW SARUM, OR SALISBURY. 



Nwmet qf Puriatc*. 



Richard Poore, translated to Dur- 7 
ham 1828 5 

Robert Bin^liam 

William oi York 

Giles of Bridport . . • . , 

Walter Dela«y1e 

Robert Wickham 

Waltei Scammel 

Henry Biaundston 

Lawrence Hawkbum .... 

William Corner 

Kicholas Longspe 

Simon of Ghent . . . . . , 

Roger Muitival 

Robert Wyvil 

Ralph Erghum, translated to Bath 7 

and Wells 1388 .... 5 

John Waltham 

Kichard Metford 

Kicholas Bubwith, translated to 7 

Bath and Wells 14(^7 . . . \ 

Robert Halam, a Cardinal 1411 

iohri Chaundler 
lobert Mevil, trantlaM to Dur* 7 
ham 1437 5 



5«c. 
A.D, 



1217 



1228-9 
1246-7 
1256 
1262^ 
1'270 
1284 
1287 
1287 
1289 
1291 
1«97 
1315 
1329 

1375 

1388 
1395 

1407 

1407 
1417 
1427 



Died A. D.' 



1238 



1246 
1256 
1262 
1'270 
1284 
1286 
1287 
1288 
1291 
l'?97 
1315 
1329 
1375 

1400 

1395 
1407 

1424 

1417 
1426 
1457 



Buried at 

His heart atTarenty 
Dorset,— his body 
at Durham. Cen- 
otaph in Sar.Cath. 
Lei. llin. 

Sarum Cathedral 

Sarum 

Sarum 

Sarum 

Sarum 



Sarum 

Sarum (Leland) 

Sarum 

Sarum 

Wells Cathedral 

Westminit. Abb. 
Sarum 

WeJls 

{Cathedral of Con- 
stance 
Sarum 

Durham 



BISHOPS OF MEW SABUH, OR 8ALISBUBY, fttmtimiei.) 



Uxifl WoodviU, orWidriUe . 

WliKhener 14^ . . . . ' 

lohnBlTihe ' 

lirary D«ne, tiauUlcd toClO-'. 

Krbury 1*01 

Edniuiid Audley ' 

isn J 

Nkholu ShuMi .... 
Joho Capoo, or SalcM . . 



n. 


IMII.D. 


1436 


1*S0 


lUO 


14S1 


1409 


1485 


14S5 


liOO-1 


14)3 


1499 


UOO 


I5W 


\SOi 


1534 


UM 


(■l»gJMJ) 


1535 


"^,1^^ 


1539 


15S7 



. Wenburr, WiU* 
Swum. Ccool^h 

itWiDdHT 



I dn 



ibcyoadlietjbtr 
Cimbridge(GoaTU) 



PROTESTANT BISHOPS OF SALISBORY. 



John Jewel 

EdiDund Gbeui . . . 
John Ficn, Inni. la York 
juhnColdwcll .... 
Henry Caiiim .... 
Robert Abbot .... 

Hinin FoihetbT . . . 

RobertTa«nw» . . . 
John Da,e™n< .... 
Bnin Duppi, iniulitedto 

c)<<:uer 16lJ0 . . 

Humphry Henchman 

lo Lotion 1663 .... 
John Earlet, or Earle . . . 
AleunderHvda .... 

SethWifd 

Gilbert Buroef 

Williun TalbH, Iriiu. to Du 

ham nil 

RM.4iaHi Willii, iraaiUled lo Win- 1 

choler na ..... J 
teBoiain Hovtiy, iruubled ' ' 

Wincheilei IT;H ... 



Is 

ivri 

1577 
1591 
1598 
ldt5 


1571 
1576 
1594 
1596 
1615 
1617 


161S 


1619 


1690 
1«1 


1691 
1641 


1641 


1662 


16G0 


1675 


1863 


1665 


1665 
1666 


1667 
1688 


1689 


1714-15 


1715 


1730 


1721 


1734 


1733 


1761 



YorkCith. 

(AII-H>l]o«l Ch. 
] Loml,a,d-.i,«i 

WeiiminilerAbb. 
Weilmintter Abb. 



J Sl.Jamei'iChurcb, 
{ riccadillr 
Winchener CrUi. 



PROTESTANT BISHOPS OF SALISBURY, (cotHinued,) 



Thomas Sher^k, tranilated to 

London 1748 

John Gilbert, tMnsUted to York 

John Thomai the 1st, tra^f. to 
Winchetter 1761 . . . 

Hon. Robett Drummond, ttani. 
lo York 1761 ..... 

John Thomai the 52d • • • . 

John Hume •'..••. 

Uoo. Shute Barrh^ton, tniot.7 
to Durham 1791 • . . • j 

John Douglas ...... 

JoHirFisHEX. .••..• 



Sue. 
A.D. 


DitdA.D. 


Buried at 


1734 


1761 


Fulham 


1748 


1761 . 


/ Grosvenor Chapel, 
\ South Audley-st. 


1757 


1781 


Winchester 


1761 

1761 
1766 


1776 

1766 . 
1782 . 


fBishopsthorpe Cb. 
t near York 
Sarum 
Sarum 


1782 


Living 1824 




1791 
1807 


1807 
Living 1824 


Windsor 



xxi 



CORRIGENDA. 

Part I. p. 82, line l?* forneetaiio read necUieo. 

p. 26, line 8, for Dialogum metneum, read DwlotcOM melxieiu. 

p. 27, line 5 from bottom, fat teriptuzBm read KriptanunuD. 

p, 41, line 1, for nibdmTit read tabetrsYit 

p, 63, line 10 from bottom, for I read and. 

p. 74, line 8, for incantus read incmtut. 

ib, last line of text, for Croydon read Croyland. 

p, 120, line 11, for magnifioenthur read magnlfioentior. 

p. 137, line 8 from bottom, read ^gidioi in a parenthesis. 

p. 141, line 9 from bottom for says read said. 

p. 145, line 13, for Scriptories read Scriptorea. 

p. 211, line 3 from bottom, for parliament read pardmient. 

p. 235, for MiTFORD read Metfoed, sic in Btgitt EpUc. 

p. 243, for Halluk read Halam, sic in BegUt 

p. 247, for Chandler read Chaukdler, sic in Regul, 

p. 253, for Atscouoh read Atschough, sic in RrguU 

p. 254, line 8 from bottom for prelates read prelate. 



Part 2. p. 86, line 3, tupptjf VoL 1, p. 17.— Jine 4, lupply vol. 2, p. 359. 



Part 3. p. 137, line 16, for May 6th, read May 16th. 

p. 205, line 9 from bottom for Townshead read Townshend. 

p. 206, line 3, for Hall's Hiit. of Winchat, read BallV 

i5. line 7, bottom of inscription, for censenuit read consenuit. 

p. 210, line 10, for Bangoriain read Bangorian. 

p. 262, nok^ line 2 of the extract from Mr. Secretary Canning's Iter 

ad Meccam^ for Deo read Dei. 
p. 339, line 13, for Townshcad read Townshend. 



LIST OF SUBSOBIBERS. 



The Eakl of Ejldok, Lord High Chancellor, &c &c &c 

His Gnce the Hon. and Rt. Rev. B. V. Vernon, D.C.L. Lord Archbishop of York 
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of Salisbury 
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■ ' ■ Edw.LefKe,D.C.L. 
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■ Sam. Goodenougfa, D.D..... 

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fir John Dugchle Astlev, Bart M.P. 

Sr John Palmer Adaoo, Bart 

Ladv Palmer Adand 

T. P. Adand, Esq. Little Bn^, Devon 

Mr. Alexander, Corsham 

Mm Alfoid, Fisherton Anger 

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LI8T OP 8UB8CRIBKR6. 



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Jacob Connop, Esq. Tavistock Square 
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Rev. George Coxe, Twvford, Hants 
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Messrs. Crocker. Frome^-^ copies 
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Earl Digby— 2 copies 

Lord Dynevor— 2 copies 

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Archdeacon of Sarum— 2 copies 
lieutenant-Colonel Daubeny 
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Rev.Tbomas Davis, Prebendary of Sarum 
T. Davia, ES9. Portwav Ho. Warminster 
l^^llkm Davis, Esq. Frome 
MA Davis, Esq. Tornwood, Dorset 
John Davis, Esq. Bapton 
John Davis, Esq. Fisherton Delamero 
HiUDawe, Esq. Ditcheat 
Rev. Geo. Deonc, D.D. Rector of Kingston 

Baspuze 
Mr. DuiBeld, Frome 
Rev. Edward Duke, Lake House, Wilts 
Tlie Very Rev. Edw. A. Hay Drummond, 

D.D. Dean of Rocking and Prebendary 

ofYork 
James Drummond, Esq. M.P. 
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The Venerable M^lliam Engbmd, D. D. 

Archdeacon of Dorset 
Mr. J. Edgcll, Trowbridge 
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T. G. B. Estcourt, Esq. M. P. 
Joseph Everett, Esq. Heytesbury-^lOcopies 
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The Venerable John Fisher, Archdeacon 
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Charter IIuiusc and Canon of Norwich 

Rev. J. P. Fisher, D.U. Canon and Sub- 
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Rev. (i. J. Fishrr, Suca-ntur of Sulibbury 
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Mr. Fairbaim, Hindon 

J. Farquharson, Esq. I.juigton 

Mr. Festing, Maiden Biadley 

Mrs. Field, Somerton 

Mrs. Fowle, Chute Lodge, near Andover 

R. Fowler, Esq. M. D. Salisbury 

Rev. Tbos. Lane Foat, Bramak Park, near 

Tadcaster 
Rev. Thomas Fox« Povant 
Rev. Edward Foyle, Cholderton 
J. A. Frampton, Esq, New Inn, London 
John Fuller, Esq. late High Sheriff of the 

county of Wilts 

Rev. T. Gaisford, Regius Profeswr of 

Greek, Oiford 
Rev. Chas. Gaisford, Rector of Westwell, 

Oxfordshire 
Samuel Gardiner, Esq. Coombe Lodge, 

near Readiosr 
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ton and Road, near Frome 
Rev. Goddard, D.D. Lue Head Mas* 

ter of Winchester 
Mr. J. A. Giles, Frome 
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Suffolk — 2ooines 
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Sherborne 
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Berks 
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The Earlof Hardwicke, K.G. High Stevntd 

of the University of Cambridge-— 3 oopiet 
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F. L. S. and F. S. A.~20 copies 
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Oxford 
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■I 



BISHOPS OF SHERBORNE. 

jThs diocese of Sherborne, disjoined by King 
Ina, at the beginning of the 8th century, from 
that of Winchester, which comprehended the 
idiole kingdom of the West Saxons, is the mo- 
ther of the modem dioceses^ of Salisbmry , Bath 



* Th* fcUowing duonologicBl table if partljr taken ftom one by Sam. 
Cote, fienr of Sc Martin, Ldoeeter. See SomanU TracU, 4. p. 344. 



A.D. 662 



dxca A. O. 70^ 



cW-^ 



c.96ft^ 



H 



k 



ea 



I 



1088 
I 



1196 
Bath&WeUt 



I 



I 



I 920 



1076 



1542 
Briitol 






B 



Wincfaceter. 






'r.1\''} - 



and Wells, Exeter, and Bristol. Within the 
first decade of the 10th century, for the precise 
year has been variously given, some assigning 
904, others 905, and others again 909, the dio* 
cese of Wells, and the two dioceses of Devoip 
and Cornwall, since uaited under the title ef 
Exeter, the former having its see at Crediton^ 
the latter originally at St. Petrock's, and subse- 
quently at St. Germain's, were dismembered from 
it. A few years afterwards, circa 920, the diocese 
of Wilton, (as it is ordinarily called, though 
Leland, Coll. 2. 251. not without apparent rea- 
son, contends that Episcopi Wiltunenses should 
be translated bishops of Wiltshire, not Wilton, 
" Episcopus enim Wiltoniensis non a Wiladuno 
oppido sed provinci^ sic dictisa/') was also ali- 
enated from the mother see, its bishops having 
their residence at Ramsbury and Sunning. But 
this disjunction was of short duration, ais, in 
1058, bishop Hermafi, the last bishop of Wills, 
and the first of Sarum, obtained their re-union. 
At this period, the prelates of the diocese of 
Sherborne began to be styled bishops of Salis- 
bury, the episcopal see (sedes) having been 
transferred from Sherborne to Old Sarum, in 
conformity with a decree, passed by a Council 
held at London, under Lanfranc, and convened 



by William ih^ Cotiqa^ror,* that all episcopal 
sees dhoold b^ removed from placed 6f minor 
importance to capital towns and cities: when 
Old BaraiUy though prdbably, as Hutchinst ia- 
ttmate^ of far less importance and extent than 
Sherborne^ being as William of Malmesbnry:^ 
says little more than a castle, was selected , per- 
haps, as afford] ngy from its strong position and 
natmral advantages, protection from the incnr- 
siotts and ravages of the enemy ; or perhaps 
Herman, whom Grod win calls '^ vir mobili ingenio 
prseditus/^ availed himself of this decree merely 
that he might gratify his love of variety. Fi- 
nally, one more spoliation of the ancient diocese 
of Sherborne took place in the time of Henry 
Yin. who, in 1542, formed out of it, the diocese 
of Bristol. The see itself also, together with 
its cathedral, was destined to another removal. 
The garrison of the earls of Salisbury proving 
tronblesome to the ecclesiastics, who likewise 
suffered much inconvenience " propter penu- 
riam aquae," it was prudently resolved that the 



i^rihi 



* *^ la primhtTa Angldtnm ecclesU prwules in lods hutnUibus tanqilam 
onniffnplfttioni et derotioiii aptis aedes soai ttaiuerunt, sed tempore Willielmi 
OociqiiettoiiB ex canonum deereto edictum est, at episoopi de vUltdis ad urbes 
tiaiiaeKnt.'* IL Hygden, Polychron. L 1— See also Usser : Primord: 
&▼. p. 57; WWdnt^t ConciUa, vol. 1. p. M8b CoL ii. and Knighton. «p. 
x.Scr.BL U. CoL235l. 

t Hitt. Dorset, 2. 873. 

t De PonUf. tib. 2. ^ 8M. ^ 

b2 



banners of the cross should no longer wave from 
the summit of Old Sarum, insulted and profaned 
by the lawless violence and turbulent spirit of 
soldiers bearing the arms of human warfare, but 
be transplanted into a more peaceful and more 
congenial soil. Accordingly the ecclesiastics, 
bearing with them the tombs and the ashes of 
their holy predecessors, descended into the spot 
now known as modern Sarum,* where the 
piety, zeal, and unremitting efforts of bishops 
Richard Poor, Bingham, and William of York, 
in the space of 40 years, erected the present 
elegant and statelyf cathedral, which, for its 
united grandeur and simplicity, its " fairy form,*' 
and solid structure, has been the admiration of 
every subsequent age— a cathedral, which, un- 
impaired, has stood the tempests of nearly six 
hundred years, and, like a rock in the ocean, 
raised her triumphant head against the assaults 
of her various and conflicting enemies. Long 
may this, our Sion, flourish ! Long may she be 
the refuge of the professors of the pure and 
refprmtd episcopal religion; and may her clergy 
steer their steady course equally remote from 
the superstitious rites that anciently profaned 

■ " ■ i ■ I II I 

* Leland CoUecUnea. Vol. 2. p. 301. 

t '^ Qai vix uUa mngnificentior.*' Leland. de Script p. 174. in vit : 
OsmuodL 



I 



her altar, and that still mpre to be dreaded, 
becaase more subtle and imposing, spirit of 
modem pseudo-liberality and fanaticism, whose 
innovating hand would dash that altar from its 
base ; and I am confident that every true son of 
the church, every lover of his country, every 
iriend to social order, and christian unity, will 
join with me in exclaiming with fervour and 
devotion, of this and every other apostolic esta- 
blishment— -J&to perpetua ! 



I. Saint ALDHELM. 

SuccESsiT A. D. 705.— — Obiit A. D. 709. 

St. Aldhelm, the well known founder of 
Malmesbury Abbey, who was, perhaps, the 
greatest character of the Saxon Heptarchy, 
shone a luminary in that period of intellectual 
dajrkness. When we consider his multifarious 
acquirements, and his writings, in almost every 
branch of science,* we must admit him to have 
been an extraordinary man for the age in which 
he lived. It appears from bishop Bale, in his 
work de ScripUyrihus BritanniciSf that liis life 
was written by Osmund, f and also by Faritius; 

* Bee the lut of his works at the end of this sketch, 
t See also Kngightou X Script, lib. U. coL 2351. 




tb« fphner, of whom we shall have occasiun to 
speak in his proper place, was bishop of t^aram 
in X078, and ob. 1099. The latter was first a 
monk, wd afterwards abbot of Malme$bury in 
1100, and ob. U17, But their works have not 
come down to U9, Yeuerable Bede is th^ ear- 
liest writer that names him } his noticesi how«^ 
ever, though highly commendatory, are but 
saaAty^-^f^ deficiency which fortunately has been 
amply made up by the zeal and assiduity of the 
monk of Malmesbury, who, laudably anxious for 
the honor of the founder of the religious house 
pf which hiiii9elf wa3 ao illustrious a member, 
has concentrated all that was known of him, in 
his 6th book J)e Pontificibus Anghrum/^ which 
He divides into fgqr parts : In the 1st he treats 
of AldhelmV birth and literary acq[uirementa r 
in the 9d,i of the Caenobiat or religious houses 
he founded : in the 9di which might well ha^e 
been spared, ht r^tes a few of bis miracles, 
gravely adding, not but that he performed many 
others, but that those only are recorded which 



w» 



^ Biflhop Iftcolioii obtei?e0 ^^ St, AUHidm*8 life it most oofknuij written 
hj WilHun of Mahneibuiy, whose Mh book of Kngliih biiliopf if almost 
cntMy upon thill subject, jit h#« b^pn Utdf |HiUi^ both bor Div. G4t 
and Mr. Wharton ; wbpreof the fiinner is said to have empbjred a cardesi 
a m a niMw sis, a»d the otiisf €( fai m m he tmncribod s^^eij fwrity copy» iHieigag 
Mier MabUlon gave ns odIj an imperfect abstract" Act Boiedict Ssc. iT. 
pt 1. p. 788. Hist Lib. lOS. Aldhefan*s life, by WiDiam of MaliDcrtmry, 
forms part of the Anglia 8acra« written in bUin, by the learned H. Wharton. 
9 Tols. foL Loud. im.^ArtfjgmA life tf Aldhdm, tkumgh not without 
errors, may be found in the Jikg. Brit vol. |. p. 91. edit Lond. 1747* 
7yoU.^L 



dade all possibility of doubt/ '^ Non quod 
plura Don fecerit, sed qu6d ista tantum dubie- 
tatis scmpulum effugere potuerunt :" io the 4ih, 
he proceeds to rdiate the afiairs of the monastery 
sabsequent to the death of this holy map. 

The birth and descent of Aldhelm are in* 
Tolled in obscurity which at this remote period 
it 18 out of our power satisfactorily to illustrate. 
The learned Capgrave, a monk and theologist 
of the 14th century, in his very rare work Legenda 
Sanctomm AngluB,^ as also the author of the 
Oddem Ltgemd^X and after them bishops Bale§ 
and 6odwin,| Pits,f Cave,** ThomasWarton,tt 
and others^ one and all, heedless of what the 
monk of Malmesbury had asserted, affirm Ald«- 



" Amoogitotlier ^ ineontestible** exerdies of Aldhdm^smixaciilouB power. 
Us biopiplicr tdUt «t that « b«iiii of wood was moit opportunely leDgtfaened 
by his pnjers, so as to fit the sacred edifice for which it was required, and for 
wtiA k had pnrwd too siiort ; and that the ruins of the dnudi he built, 
Ihoogh completely *•*" sub Jot e ftigido,** were never wet with rain during the 
Vide ut sup. and also C^KTttof, JUjSVfKto) Ac. 



t Fo. X. Wynkea de Worde. 1517. 

t Po. e. zxT. The indextabula fo. 63 has misprinted xxTiL Many have 
quoted this work who, I suspect» have never seen it. It was printed by 
Wynken de Worde, 1624. 

§ De Scrip. Brit. Cent. 1. p. tX 

I De Prasnlibus. ap. Richardson, p. 8S9. 

n p. lis. 

** Hist Ul Ssic. MoDotheliticum. p. 980. 
ft Hist. Eng. Poetry, vol. 1. dissert, ii. 




8 

helm to have been nephew of Ina, king of the 
West Saxons, being* son of Kenter or Kenred 
his brother. But this is clearly erroneoos. 
Malmesbury, on the authority of the Saxon 
Chronicles, plainly says that Ina had no other 
brother than Inigildus,^ ^' constat quod Ina 
nullum fratrem prseter Inigildum habuerit :*' and 
in treating of the genealogyf of Ina, he wholly 
passes over the name of Aldhelm, whose father 
(if father he was) Kenter^ however, he admits 
ex atUh. ManuaL lib. regis Elfredi to have been 
very nearly related to Ina. '^ Inae arctissima 
necessitate j: consanguineus/' Nor will it be here 
unworthy of remark, that bishop Godwin has 
strangely misconceived and misquoted Capg^ve, 
when he says that that author represents Aldhelm 
as son^ of Ina, for no such assertion i^ made by 
C^pg^rave. The editor also of the New Biog^ra* 
phical Dictionary, has, contrary to his usual 
courgei fallen iqto an ^rror io citing William of 
Malmesbury as his authority fpr Aldh^lm*s being 



* Vita AVUidmi i|^ Whartoo. Ang. &■& pt fi. p. S. and De xebaa 
Axiiffifi, pott B«dam, p. 1^ 

t lb. p. 687. His name i§ also omitted by John Bromptoo^ one ^ the 
X Scriptor^ p. 768. 

X The only writer, I beUere, ancient or modem, who hai not fidlen nto 
thif error, is Florent. Wigoin. Chron. ex Chran. p. 657* He merely calla 
|iim ^* Ina amantissiini propingmtk' 



99 



§ X>a PrfBsul. ut sup. 




9 

nephew to Ina,^ whereas Malmesbury is the very 
writer who directly denies and proves the im<* 
possibility of soch relationship. 

Aldhelm, who according to Faritios^s wretch« 
ed pim recorded by Malmesbury, was so named 
qnasi senex ahnus, or according to the latter 
tnographer's own pun, quasi ff(Uea veins (old 
helmet), (alluding to the helmetf of salvation) 
was midoubtedly of illustrious Saxon descent, 
and bom, as it would appear from comparison of 
admitted dates A. D. 699. One is at a loss, 
therefore, to conceive why some recent compilers 
say that the time of his birth is unknown. AH 
agree that he died in 709 at the age of 70. We 
may, therefore, safely fix bis birth at 689. The 
place of his nativity is said to have been Caer-« 
Bladnn, (hodie Malmesbury) in Wilts, both in 
the old edition of the Biographia Britannica and 
in Kippis^s, as well as by Mr. Chalmers in his 
Biographical Dictionary : but on what authority 
this is so positively asserted, although probable 
enough, does not appear. Malmesbury and Bede 
are silent. Aldhelm's earlier education was re- 
ceived at Malmesbury, under Maildulph,;]; (whom 

• VoL 1. p. 871. 

t AlAed lued to can hhn '' Ealdhefan,'* '' Old HelmeL'* 

t Some win ha;ve it that Malmeslmry, originally Cacr-BUdun, was m 
Bimed tan Maildulph, quasi Maildulph*i burg.— Qu«Ki if not as likely to 




10 

Hatching* calls Scotos, and Mr. Turner^f an 
Irishman), who, charmed by the sylvan beauties 
of the place, led a hermit's life there, and sup- 
ported himself by teaclung scholars. This school, 
encreasing under Maildulph,| at length became 
a sort of religiims house or college, and was 
the basis of that monastic establishment which 
eventually St, Aidhelm so magnificently en- 
dowed and so ably g^yemed. But the studies 
of Aldhdm, it appears, were chiefly pursued at 
Canterbury, at the feet of archbishop Theodore, 
and the celebrated Adrian ,§ abbot of St. Aug^s- 
tin, undoubtedly then the first scholar of his age, 
whom Malmesbury justly styles '< fons literaram 
rivas artinm/'^ Afterwards, in consequence of 
i4] health, he returned to Maildulph and assumed 



be MOMd from M «liii|itiDS« ilfuliiratiaf^f bug) Dumnllov J>t nhnnl i n i» » 
Britifh prinoe having originally built it. After iti destructiao in the wan 
tkcKMMoalorittniintaaMilecdledlagelbdnia, by wUch the place «« 
known till MaOdulph't time. Bede calls it MtUldufpM urhtj whidi Camdeii 
Mppoeei wai chingea to MalBMtbiify. 

* Hilt Don. Sherb. and so alio Camden Brit. p. 114. 8<>' Lond. 1586. 

t Hist Angfe-Sax. vol. & p. 8M. The editon of the Biog. Brit 7 toU 
fol. ToL 1. p. 91. note, call him an Irish Scot Thus, too, Scotland and 
IreUnd are indiscriminately Qpmed ap the birth place ef the pelebnted John 
Erigena, called also Sootui^ 

t See Ldand Collect 2* p, 303. 

§^ B^e says that Theodore and Adrian taught Tobias, bishop of Rochester, 
tbe Greek and Latin tongues m perfectly^ thai he oould speak them as fluently 
j|s his nftive Saaum. Hist ^ccL v. 33* 



a 

tbe iDODastic habit amongst the Benedictines.^ 
Id these different seminaries, as well as by a re* 
sidence in France and Italy ,t he acquired a 
stock of knowledge but rarely equalled in those 
times* The leisure and retirement of a monastie 
Ufsp far from generating listlessness and apathy 
in Aldhelms afforded his active mind the happiest 
opportunity of rational cultivation. He not only 
applied himself to the acquirement of the Anglo- 
Saxon, his native tongue, but, as is evident from 
his writings, he made as great a proficiency in 
theology t rhetoric^ poetry, and music, as he had 
before done in the languages of Greece and 
Borne. Insomuch that the fame of his learning 
es^nded in every direction. He corresponded 
with the most celebrated literary characters of 
his day, and was repeatedly solicited to revise 
their works, especially by prince Arcivil, a son 
of the king of Scotland, who sent his composi- 
tions to him that he might rub off Uieir Scotch 
rust, *' ut perfecti ingenii limA eraderetur sca^ 
bredo Scotica.** Cellanus, a learned contempo- 



* Pttaens. p. llfL and Porter*i ^^ Fhwert qf the Uvet tf our Et^fith 
S^aeU^^fk 487* 4to. Dcfmay^ 1982. 

t The wBftcr abot t qpoted lajB, ** Aioincew nktm est primum in 
Gtlliam ddnde b^ ItaHm at artei fibenlei,** Ac Qnare ■• to AddUtooit. 
Pitti la too apt to state his own mmuieB M fact!. In his lilb of Aldhelm he 
<|iiolei Johaimes i Boseo in tibro qoem ooUegtt ex Tetustis M.8.8. bibliotheett 
Fkmonsis, hot all that is said bj that writer is taken word for word from 
venerable Bcde. 



12 

rary, writing from a remote corner of a Frankish 
territory, has these remarkable words, *^ ad nos- 
tras aceessit anres vestree latinitatis panegyricas 
rumor/' while Capgrave tells us that his splendid 
acquirements, exciting admiration at the papal 
see, caused his introduction to pope Sergius. 
'< Fama enim ejus multis preconiis illustrata, jam 
mare transierat, — alpes accesserat, et Romam 
penetravit. Qua incitatus papa Sergius scriptis 
eum ascivit et bonorifice suscepit'* — ^an introduc- 
tion to which, doubtless,^ must be attributed the 
concession of the various important privileges he 
procured for the abbey of Malme^bury. 

On Aldhelm's own authority, we may, I 
tibinky confidently assume it as a fact, till con- 
troverted by sufficient evidence, that he was the 
first Englishman who wrote in the latin language 
both iu prose and verse. He composed a book 
for the instruction of his countrymen on the 
prosody of that language, and applied to himself 
tba;t distich from the 3d Georgic : 



Primuf tfto in patriam mecum (modo vita superdt) 
Aooio rediens deducam vertioe Musas. 



Nor is his claim to this honor in the least shaken 
by Mr. Warton's assertion,^ on the authority of 



■ 4^ 



IliU. of Engl. Poetry, vol. 1. diai. 2. p. 27. 



13 

ConringiaSy* that au anonymouft latin, poet who 
wrote the history of Charlemagne ia verse was 
the first of the Anglo-Saxons that attempted to 
write latin verae ; for it should have been recpU 
lect^dy and. we wonder at so acute a writer 
forgetting such a oircumstancey that Aldhelqf 
died 33 years before Chaiiemagne was bprq.f 

Nor did the Uterary pursuits of Aldhehi) in 
any way ii^rfere with the duties of hi^rholy pxfh 
fession. Bale says, *' Evangelii prsedicationi 
obnixe invigilabat/':|; From the period of ,hi« 
embracing the ecdesiastical life he became i^ 
conspicuous model of ardent and sincere, how- 
ever misapplied, piety, — piety which, had it 
been diverted from its erroneous, and directed 
into its proper channel, would have done honor 
to a nobler cause. He was a perfect anchorite. 
Various were his modes of self-denial, and ex- 
traordinary, and almost past belief, his modes of 
combating and subduing the frailties of the flesh, 
the records of which the curious reader will find 
pre^rved in the pages of bis biographer, Mal- 
mesbury.§ The measure he adopted for pouring 



* Scrip. Comment, p. 108. This poem vas printed by RoDMCtui, al 
Hebnstadt, many yean since, with a large commentary. 

t " Aldhdm ob. 709," Charlemagne nat 742. V art dejusHfitr let dates. 
voJL 2. p. 2. coL 2. 

t De Script. Brit. 

§ See alao Poiter^s Lives of the English Saincts. p. 490. Doway. l^- 



14 

t^igknm itiitrtictioo into t!i(6 betiig^hted mindd of 
Hie commoti peopt^ wm tiitigtilar and ingfetiioiis. 
Observidg the backwafdiieis of h\n s^mi^barbft'- 
rodfl eountrymeii to liHteti to grave haf afigues in 
fhciir pMper plac«, tbia holy man cdtttpo^ a 
tmmt^f of little poems, •* CaMiMiB SoMnk^/^ 
whicbi it wad hk cttMom^ placing himself on a 
bridg^^ after the ed^bratioii of masdi to aing to 
the paningf et^owdi, atid thii he did in m aweM 
k maitoer as t6 rivet their attentimt ; he theii 
hMemibly iittenrov^ th^me^ of a loftieff MMte, 
lialctilated to enlighten theif minds, and to iitt<^ 
prove their morals. Indeed the advaneement of 
religion ii^ems to have been his nniform and 
eamost desire. HtM6 his nnremitting efforts 
in the ostabUiAmont at Malmestbnry, trhore, 
bMides the diief church which he built, and 
dedicated to St. Peter, he erected, within the 
pMcittcts of the abbey, tv¥6 others, the one de^ 
dicated to tbo Virgin Mary, the oth^r to Bt. 
Miehael. On the retirement of Maildalph, his 
agod and respecte<t preceptor, Aldhelm's nn* 
i^ommon merits pointed him out to Elentherius, 

bishop of Wmcnest^ri as a proper person to fill 
the abbacy of Malmesbory, to which he Was 
accordingly appointed in 675,^ being then onty 



* Florent. 666 sed male. The date I have given ex auth. Mahnesb. ii 
jnefttmble as agreeing with his having been abbot 34 yesft at the time of his 
dnilh, which all ooncar in fizing at 700* Wilhem. MaL^ 8. p. 24. and de 
gcult RegiAng. lib. 1. fbL 7* See also Camden, Brif. p. lI4. 8^* Lond. 1686. 



15 

36 years of age. From this period, and for tho 
long space of 20 yean^ the iDtertial govenunetit 
of Una society^ first emerging under hia ati^ieet» 
firom infaney and obscnrityr^be promotion of 
its prosperity and fame, the angmentatioa of Hi 
rerennes through the medium of his royal kini« 
man Ina, and the permanent establishment of 
its priyil^es tfarougii papal faror^ seem to hav« 
been objects that engrossed his attention : and 
it is certain that under his fostering care the 
monastery rapidly rose in dignity and wealth, in 
importance and reputation* 

St. Aldhelm also founded monasteries at 
FVome in Somerset, and at Bradford in Wilts ;^ 
the former was standing in Malniesbnry*s time, 
dedicated to St. John, the latter to St. Law- 
rence : but it seems the societies were not of so 
long duration as the buildings. Tannerf tells 
us, the religious were [urobably dispersed by the 
Danish wars. A note in Bede| says, that Ald- 
helm built a church at Sherborne, and obtained 



* WHL Malm, de vk. Aid. pt. 2. p. & '« FedtetakudCanobiumjiiiUi 
isTiiini qoi focatur Fmn.*' Sec also Capgtave, f. 10. c. and Malm, da 
PcDtif. lib. ▼. p. ai, and 343. Of tht former Malmesbary says " Stat" 
[Eceksia] M [Fiome] adhoc ; and af both '' in nihUiun defecere.*' pp. 8. 9. 
dev. AkL 

t Not Monast Someneta Wilts. Capgiafiiss. 1 10. & } WilL Malmasb. 
at sap. p. 8. ; and de Pontif. AngL lib. ▼. p. 21, and 343. 

t Lib. 5. cap. mrfii* (edit : SmiA.) 



16 

/ 

a charter from lua ; and fiutchins* assert. s the 
same, adding also the church of Brivecime; but 
^either of these are noticed in Tanner, nor can 
I, find any mention of them iu Malmesbury. 
He is. likewise said to have instigated Ina to 
biiild Glastonbury monastery » and in 704 to have 
obtained from the same quarter, its exemption 
from paying tnbute and other immumtie».t 
. On the death of Headda, 5th bishop of 
Winton, the friend and correspondent of AlcU 
b^lm, Ina divided that immense bishoprick^ 
comprehending the whole kingdom of the West 
Saxonsy into two dioceses, under the nanies of 
Winchjesiter and Sherborne, the latter qompre* 
handing the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Wilts, 
Devon, and Cornwall ; and of this portion he 
appointed Aldhelm bishop in 705 ;§ consecra- 



Donet. voL 2. p. 871* 
. i* X Script p. 7fi8. timer. Brit. Eoc. Antiq. p. p. 111. 

, t Of thit spoliatioD of Winchester, Fuller thus spealn: '^ I find no com. 
pensation given to the see of Winchester for this great canton cut out of it; 
■a In after ages, when Ely was taken out of Lincoln diocese, the manour of 
Spaldwick, in Huntingdonshire, was given by K. Hen. I. to Linoolne, in 
reparation of its loss for so much of the jurisdiction taken ftom it. But at 
this time, when Sherborne was parted from Winchester, the damage to Win- 
diester accruing thereby was not considerable, episcopal jurisdicrion in that 
age not being beneficial, but rather burthensome. So that Winchester might 
turn her complaints into thankftdnesse, bdng thus eased of her cumbecnme 
greatnesse.** Fuller, Church Hisu Cent viiL p. 94. sect. 4. 

§ ^' Aldheknus fiiit Eptis juxta Westwudam.'' SaicChron. p. fiO. L 7* 
See Hist AngL auct Polydoro Virgilio. p. 166. Lugd. Bat 



17 

tkm being given him, according to Godwin 
and dhers^ by pope Sergios, at Rome; but ac- 
cording to Malmesbury and Florence, by Brith*- 
waldy nrchbishop of Canterbury** On this 
event, a flattering mark of the afiection and 
respect entertained for Aldhelm by the monks 
over wliom he had presided, is recorded. It was 
Aldhelm*8 intention, when advanced to the 
prelacy, to appoint abbots over his difierent 
monasteries ; but this was utterly refused by the 
gratefol monks, who would not consent to be 
governed by any other than their founder, so 
kmg as he iSiould live.f This fact shews that / 
those writers can not be correct who fix the 
foamlation of the monasteries of Frome and 
Bradford at a period svbsequent to Aldhelm^s pro* 
motion to the bishoprick. Bp. Tanner says dis- 
tinctly, that Frome was founded prior to 705,§ 
in which year we know that Aldhelm was 
made bishop. Indeed if pope Sergius's bull be 
genuine, the monastery at Frome must have been 



* The author of the Golden Lq^end flaji, by the trchbishop of Canter- 
f Bcde, i^ Smith. Note, lib. & cap. zviiL 



i See Notitia MonasL xxL Frome. 

C 



18 

founded prior to 690;* and as to Bradford, we 
are told by the same high authority, that Aid- 
helm was abbot at the time he was made bislu^, 
therefore it could not have been founded subse- 
quent to his elevation. 

St. Aldhelm enjoyed his bishopric scarcely 
five years. He died May 25, 709,t at the age 
of 70, in a wooden church at the village of 
Doulting,! near Shepton Mallet, on the south 
side of Mendip Hills. This church the monks 
of Glastonbury afterwards rebuilt of stoneȤ ^ J9is 
body was conveyed froiii Doulting, and huried 
with great pomp on the eve of St. Aug^tin, in 
St. MichaeFs church, in the abbey of Maloacs- 
]>ury, under the superintending ,<;are of JElgwine, 
bishop of Worcester, who gave directions that 
wherever the fuperal procession should chance 
to halt on its journey, crosses of stone should be 
erected. These were called Bicepstane (Bishop 

* Ex auct Rejmer de Antiq. Benedict Tract 1. p. 21. See note z. 

i* In Tamer*! Hist, of the Anglo Saxons, vol. 2. p. 334, last line, ibr 869 
read 709. It is correctly printed at p. 366. 

:|: '' Domus obitus ejus oonsda lignea erat ecdesia, in quam se ultimum 
spirans inferre jussit ut ibi potisdmum efflaret: si cut incolae |iodie per sucd- 
duas generationes asseverant.** Ang. Sac. Pars 11. p. 23. A sketch of St. 
Aldhelm*s well, to the waters of which miraculous virtue was attributed, may 
be seen in the Gent. Mag. pi. 1. fig. 2. Dec. 1796, taken by A. Crocker. 

§ The first Saxon churches of our island were all built of wood. See 
Bede 111. 4. 



k 



19 

stones.)* Dr* Henryt ^^ mistaken in giving 
Sherborne as the place of Aldhelo^'s decease, 
and it is rexuar)Lable that he should quote William 
of Malmesbury as his authority for this error, 
when that writer has told us that Doulting was 
the place. ^ Another reference of his ip the 
faige quoted in the note relative to Alfred's 
commendation of Aldhelm is erroneous ; and he 
is also incorrect in saying that Aldhelm was 
abbot only 30 years. This probably arose from 
the notion that he resis^ned his abbacy on ac- 
cepting the prelacy.§ His remains lay in th|e 
earth for 246 years, when king Ethalstan ha^ 
them taken up an4 put into a shrine, and cfaq$e 
the same church iii: which they ^vrere deposited 
for his own burying place. H Dunstan, when he 



' I '*' « ■ - ^ 1 1 1 ■ I ' > . 1 1 "" I t f i < ' i ■ i j. » 



* Ldand, ^* Ex libro kicerfi autbri* dc yiU S. Cgwihi EpT V^cci^iu^*; 
has the following passage : '* Aldh^lmus religiosus Epils migravit ad don^- 
mai post 2 annos qd. ego per rerelationem cognoscens, convdcatls ftatnVui et 
obsecnndanis neis excessum venerandi patris eis aperui condtoque gradu ad 
kiouD abi sacrum corpus ejus jacebat, 50 ferme millibus ultra Meldunense 
wnma i tm mn positum deveni et ad sepultuiam addozi tt honoofice sepdifi : 
mandans at in qubcunque loco sacrum corpus in asportatione pausaverat sacrsB 
onda erigentor rignacula." Ldaiid Collect. 2. 399. 

t Hist. Brit. 2. p. 319. 

t ^' Est in page Somersetensi [villa] Dultinge vocabub, in qua hominem 
exoxt.*' Tid. sup. 

§ Malmesbury furnishes us with the following dates, which I pr^er to 
those assigned by other writers. *^ Obiit 709, before Ina 18 years, before Bede 
2&, after being made abbot 34, and after being consecrated bishop 5." p. 24. 
Bile says be was bishop 1 years. He stands alone in this erroneous assertion. 

8 See note in Bede, p. 203. 

C 2 




20 

repaired the monastery, fearing the Danes would 
carry off the relics for the sake of the shrine, de* 
posited them in a stone tomb on the south side 
of the high altar. This, with the greatest part 
of the abbey church, was totally destroyed at 
the dissolution.^ 

There is an anecdote of Aldhelm which has 
been variously related by various writers.— 
While at Rome, awaiting the pope's approval 
of his claims in behalf of his monasteries, it 
happened unfortunately, that a child was born 
under circumstances that cast a suspicion on the 
the papal fame. Bishop Godwinf tells the story 
as if the child had really been his holiness*^ 
bastard, and commends Aldhelm's courage in 
rebuking his incontinence. ** Memorise tradi- 
turn sanctissimum ilium patrem ( Sergium) verum 
Jam patremf nov& prole auctum et luxuriam 
hominis reprehendere coram ausum novitium 
hunc episcopum.'' The splenetic Bale,}; to 
whom the Oxford historian § scruples not to 
apply the epithet ^* scurrilous,"' gives the story 



* Hutchint. Hist. Dorset, ut supnu 

i* Comment de PnesuL tp. Richaidoon. p. 890. 

X De Script Brit 

g Ath. Oxon. passim. 



i 



91 

a rery different tarn : ** Unam hoc in eo (Ald« 
hdmo) deflendum occurrit quod cam Sergio 
piilno pontifice Romano longam consuetudinem 
habeas, cujos interim non ignorabat incestum, 
etnUerio perustam avehebat consdentianC^ While 
the monk of M almesbury, in his book of Ald- 
lielm*s miracles,^ and after him, Capgrave, in 
his Jjegendaj ingeniously extricate both the pope 
and oar bishop, by the happy interventiop of a 
miracle. This was truly ^' dignus vindice nodus,* 
in which the presence of supernatural aid might 
wdl be admitted. Aldhelm having had the 
child brought to him, and having first baptised 
it in the presence of the indignant multitude, 
adjured it to d^clare vrhether ih^ holy father 
were its parent or not; upon vrhich, to the 
entire satisfaction of all parties, the infant, then 
only nine days old, solemnly and positively 
affirmed the entire innocence of the calumniated 
pope? 

His character has been thus drawn. His 
contemporary, venerable Bede, styles him, " Vir 
ondequaque doctissimus nam et sermone nitidusf 
et scripturarum tam liberalium quam ecclesias- 

• Dc Vit. Aid. p. 17. 

t Alfred well tranilates '* nitidiu sermone** into ^' on vordam or 
ud sdneode/* '* dear and shining in his vords/* 




22 

ticaram eruditione mirandus." Hist Eccks. 
ap. Smith, lib. v. cap. 18. p. 203. 

Bishop Bale says, " Erat quidem Iiatine*et 
Grsece doctissimus, ingenio et sermone nitidns 
atque in edendis poematibus. Artem musices 
omnibos mundi deliciis proetulit instrntnentoram 
omnium peritiam perapposite callens." DeScript 
Brit. p. 83. His skill in music has obtained 
him a considerable place in Sir John Hawkins's 
History of Music. / ' 

" Currebatur," says Malmesbury, " ad Ald- 
helmum totis semitis. His vitae sanctimoniam, 
illis literarum scientiam desiderantibus. Erat 
enim, quamvis eruditione multiplex, tamen reli- 
gione afiabilis et simplex : qui adversantes 
obruerit dicendi flumine, discentes mulceret 
neetareo docendi flumine ;" and adds, that Aid- 
helm, as to style, may justly be termed ** ex 
acumine Greecum, ex nitore Romanum, et ex 
pompa Anglum." 

Polydore Virgil calls him " divns . AldheU 
mus." Angl. Hist. lib. vi. p. 156. 

^' Cithareedus erat optimus, saxonicus atque 
latihus erat poeta facundissimus, cantor peritis- 
simus, doctor egregius." Florent. Wig. Chron. 
ex Chron. p. 557. — Leland, Collect. 11. 278. 
Warlons Hist. English Poetry.* 



* Warton fell into a mistake in quoting his authority, by looking into the 
Chron. of Florent, printed at the end of Matt. Westminster, 1601, instead of 



23 

Bishop Gibson* observes, that near Malmes* 
bory there is a meadow called St. Aldhelm's 
mend, and that before the reformation the monks 
bad several memorials of St. Aldhelm, as his 
psalter, the robef wherein he said mass, and a 
great bell called St. Aldhelm's bell. The vil. 
lage also, about 6 or 7 miles S. E. from Mai- 
mesbnry, called Hilmarton, he adds, '^ is pro- 
bably denominated from this saint, for in Domes- 
day it is written Aldhelmertone. ^theLstan 
made Aldhelm his tutelar saint, and for his sake 
granted the town of Malmesbury large imma- 
niUes, and enriched the monastery with ample 
donations. He chose this for the place of his 
burial, and the inhabitants shew his monument 
to this day.'' Our author further adds, ** which 
monument is so far from being erected imme- 
diately after his death, that it seems to have been 
set op since the conquest, and possibly since the 
reformation, for William of Malmesbury tells us 
that this king was interred under the high altar, 
whereas the monument is in the nave, and grass 
grows now where the choir was." 



from the tepante edition 8<> 1592. Florence's work is said to be continued 
^ per qnendam ejusdem Cienobii eruditum,** and he probably did not dis* 
tingnxdi between the anonymous part and that with a name. 

* Camden*s Brit. voL 1. Col. 104. See also Aubrey. 

i* This robe was the subject of a mirade, having been suspended on a sun- 
beam while the holy man was officiating I See Capgraye and Malmesbury. 



24 

It is not to be wondered at that the miracles 
St. Aldhelm 'was said to have performed, and 
the general sanctity of his character, should have 
procured him the honor of canonization. His 
day is held May 25.^ 

From the high estimation in which our 
prelate was held throughout the whole of his 
vast diocese, perhaps we may not be accused of 
exceeding the bounds of probability, if we hazard 
the conjecture, that the Eastern point of land of 
Weymouth bay, vulgarly called St. Al ban's 
head, took its appellation from this distinguished 
saint. 

It only now remains to speak of his writings, 
of which Bale has given us the following list, 
and to which we shall subjoin what observations 
we have met with* 

De circuh Paschali contra BrUannos.^ Cave 
says of the opus Paschale,— '' jam deperditum.'* | 



* See Bede ut sup. edit Smith, and Butler*s Lives of the Saints, under 
thatday. ' 

t Of this work the aothor of the Golden Legend obasrves, '^ At that tyme 
there ftll a grete varyance among the bysshops of this londe for the holdynge 
of Eester daye. But Saynt Aldhehne made a boke that all men shold knowe 
for ever when Eastei day shall fall : the whiche boke is yet at Malmesbury.'* 
This book was written by the direction of a diocesan synod. It charges the 
British charch with many singularities which kept them from the Saxon com- 
munion, Bede says it brought the Britons, who were subject to the West 
Saxons, to the Catholic usage. Lib. y. c. 18. See Biog. Brit, old edit, vol. L 
p. 91. and Collier's Ecdes. HisL lib. 11. p. 121. 

^ Hist. Lit S«c. Monotheliticum, p. 389. 



25 

Of Aldhelm, ^' claruit prsecipue circa An. 680/* 
Abp. Usher calls this work ** De tonsurse. et 
Paschalis observationis Controversia ad Gerun- 
liam Britannorum Cornubiensiuin Epistola/' 
Brit. Eccl. Antiq. pp. 321. 923. 930. 

De vifyinum laude. Extat. Paris 1576 ap. 
Canisium Tom v. p. 11. p. 798 et in Biblio. 
Patr. Tom xiii. p. 91.* 

Ad Hildelitham de vifyinitate. The histo- 
rian of Dorset says that Aldhelm's portrait is 
in two copies of his book de virginitate. This 
work is published in Bede's opuscula. 

De vita Monachorum. 

De metrarum generibus, 

AEnigmatan versus mille. ** Cum aliis opas- 
colis metricis edidit ]VJartinus.''f 

De laude Sanctorum. 

De octo vitiis principalibus.^ Extat ap. 
Canisium in BibL Patr. dictis locis. 

De sqi}tenarii dignitate. 

De charitate mutua. 

De/ratema admoniiione. 

De pugna viliorum. 

De ntUura insensibiliumn 

' ' ' ' ^ ■ » ■ I ■■■■■! 

* HifL Lie Sac MonotheUdcum, p. 389. 

-f CaTe Script. Ecdes. Hist, ut ffupra where in the nuurgin viL Sec p. 889 
the reference to Bede should be xviiL and not xix. 

t Viz. gluttony, luxury, avarice, angei, despair, slothifulness, vain-glory, 
pride 



S 



26 

De philosophorum disciplinis. 

Super tenigmaiibus. 

De arithmeiica. 

De Asirohgia. 

De Metaplasmo. 

De Schematihus. 

Flares uiriusq. Teslamenti. 

HomeluB ad populam. 

Diahgum Metticum. 

E/pistoUe ad diversos. Malmesbury calls 
these '^ Scripta maximam vim eloquentiae et 
scientiffi redolentia/'* 

Hymni et od^e. 

Carmina divern generis. 

Cantianes Saxonicm. 

PsalteriQin quoque traastulit in linguam 
Anglo Saxonicum/' Bishdp Nicolsonf observes, 
'' We know not what is become of St Aldhelm's 
hymns and other musical composures, &c." 

Specimens of his poetry may be found in 
Tumer^s History of the Anglo Saxons.^ That 
elegant writer, who has so ably illustrated 
the Saxon period, justly observes of Aldhelm, 
that '' his mind was as exuberant of imagery as 
Jeremy Taylor's j" "but," he adds, "he in- 
■ ' ■ ■ ■ - 

* De getdt Pootif. Ang. lib. 11. p. 24U 

«f* Hist Libr. p. 41. 

t Turner*! Anglo. Sax. vol 2. p. 335. 



«7 



jures all bis beaaties by their redondancy, their 
confiision, aiid their onnecessary obtmsion/* 

His poetical wwks which remain are these : 
** De Laade Yii^miiii-— De octo principalibns 
Titiis — and ^nigOiata/* In his poCTs on vir- 
ginity he g^ves three descriptions of persons to 
whom the praise of chastity belongs : the married 
who live yirtnoosly-— the married who live as if 
single— and they who keep in the vitgin state. 
The reader may consnltTnmer, vol. 2. book xii* 
chap. iii. for an interesting account of his works. 



II. FORDHERE. 

SuccEssiT A. D. 709.-— -Obiit A. D. for$ak 737-8. 

The following brief notice is all that occurs 
of this prelate in Godwin.^ 

'' Sncxressit illi Fordhenis Bedee contempo- 
raneus, qui in scripturam sacrarum studio ho^ 
minem bene versutum tradit. Anno 738, oc^ 
cidentalium Saxonum Romam proficiscentem 
comitatus est.'* 

According to Pitts^f Fordhere, whom he 



* De PmoL ap. RicbatdiOD. p. 390. 

t De ninstribus Anfclic Scrip, p. 838. In the following page for nono reed 
octavo. Thii error, in zefening to Bede, hai been faithfully copied by ti^af 
writer nioe 1732. 



28 

styles Durotrigus, but whether on account of his 
nativity, or residence, is uncertain, was born and 
educated in the kingdom of the West Saxons, 
l^fae period of his bhlh is not known* In 709 
he was appointed bishop. In 725 we ^nd him 
witness to a charter* granted by Ina to the 
monks of Glaston. Gibson merely notices him 
as successor to Aidbelm,t ^^^ ^ accompanying 
Fritbogitha, queen of the West Saxons, to Rome, 
anno 737. j; Malmesbury contents himself with 
naming him as pext in succession to Aldhelm,^ 
and Brompton the same.|| 

Pitts, tft supra J gives Fordhere a place 
among the writers, but enumerates none of his 
works, nor does it appear that he ever wrote at all. 
He, and Leland, both follow Bede in extolling 
his character. He is not named by Cave among 
Uie writers.^ 

On referring to William Thome, one of the 



* Wmdns Cone. 1. p. 80. ooL b. 

t Chroiu Saa^ p. 50. line 13. 

X lb. p. 64. line 16. Gibson and Florence anno ^Z^, Godwin 738, 

g De geit Pont Ang. lib. 2. p. 247. 

II X Script, p. 7M. L 64. 

f Hist Lit 



so 

X Scriptoresy* 1 find Fortbere^ ibr m be Mlh 
biniy represented as one 4>f tbe subseribtng bitf* 
b<^ to the deelaretions promalged at a cooneil 
bdd anno 709 at Baccanceld.f Bat Dr. SmittC 
tiie learned editor of Bede^ deems the wbole 
aecotint of ibis eooncii sporioM, becaose anion|^ 
tbe sobscribing names occaf those of bishops 
Daniel and Acca» who bad long si nee been dead.§ 
There tnost be some> miirtake which 1 fear wa 
have no means of rectifying* A eonncil at Bne»' 
cancelde is recorded by bishop Grbson^ brit 
this was in the year 604, nearly a century befnt 
the one in question; and yet that learned writeir 
refers in a note to Thome tk Evid. EccL i)krkHf 
nI'Mpm^'who does not speak of that in 004; 
whence it would appear that Gibson has con^ 
founded the two councils. - - Wilkins % records a 
council of Baccanceld, and quotes the Saxoh 
Chronicle tf< supra. This; according to WiU 

* ETideotiflB Ecc. Chr. coL 3212. L 13. 

t Hodie BabchOd, near Sittinfcbourm KtoL WHkim Cooc pb 06 not** 
CK aacL Dr. Plot and Johnton, Tkar of Cnoliraolce, Ko^ Ub. 1. CoBeoL 
Caooo. Hasted writaa U Bapchild. Htit. £cnt 1. p. 77& ooL a. 

X Lib. ▼• cap. znii ool. b. note. 

g The former anno 744 and the latter 740. £ .M. S. Cott Oaudius D« 
1 foL 30. b. 31. a. 

n Chron. Sax. p. 48. 

*[ Cone. ?oL 1. p. 56. 



ao 



I, wa$ in tke year 6^, but in the next pag^ 
he gives us ''Aliud exemplar Baccanceldensis 
irtiua concilii anno 694 k. M. S. Cant. eccl. 4i« 
^, 88. a. b. 8uniptum/' Now Gibson in the 
Sa;Kon Chronicle records no council of ^accan- 
celdanno 798^ but Wilkins p. ;162 records that 
Jko which William Thome alludes. 

The object of this council was ** ut super 
ecclesiani viri seculares non habeant domina- 
lionem/' Spelman, in ^ npte quoted by Wilkins 
Irpm the (7onct/ta of the latter, says that thi^ 
li^oancil is recorded ip various M8S. but does 
piot once occnr m the arqhiveB of iCanterbury 
cathedral, and plainly coafe^s^ ^rpescio <{U|d 
4e eo i^|:atwin«'' He seems to think it has been 
jj^fHifouiMd^ with a^pth^r council hdid SO^iat 
fQlifff^ W which th^ saipiB pointy were determined 
fia, and iKearly b^ the sgjme bishpps. But thi^ 
.w€p|ld iiot reM^v^ the pnaph^piHsnat respectpig 
Daniel and Acca, which seems not to have oc- 
curred either to him or Johnson,! who calls it 
spurious because said to be subscribed by seven- 
teen bishops, when it appears there were not so 
many then in England. But there is a yet 
better reason for the impossibility of bishop 

* Condlium Clovishoviense. 

t Vol. 1. Coll. Canon, iul an. 796. 



81 

Fardhcre*s hwiof been preseni «t (bb eoonoHy 
•nd affords m^o an additioaal and eoovkiCMig^ 
proof of the sporiousiiess of the lecerds of ii: 
and we wonder it should have escaped the notici 
of the accurate Dr. Smith in his note on Bede, 
already quoted, yiz. that Fordhere was not in 
existence in the year 708. We know that in 
787-8, he accompanied the qoeen to Romct after 
which we hear nothing more of him, and in 
737-8, he was succeeded in his bishopricl^ by 
Herewaldus. The reader rnqst judge for hio^- 
self. 

s m 

Fordhere^s character is thus drawn by t^ 
land:* 

^ Forihferios, vir in primis literatus, ac pro- 
ceribns Visisaxonum, virtutum titulis turn cog^- 
nitissimns turn gratissimus/ eo existimationis, 
fiunse, gloris pervenit, ut mortoo Aldelmo Cla- 
rofontano, ejus saaculi ornamento incomparabili^ 
episcopus desig^aretnr ; hoc calculo, ut erudiltis 
artes, ab Aldelmo feliciter ad Durotrigen, Yilu- 
gianos et Atrebates revocatas, in pretio conser- 
▼aret id quod et integre prsestitit. Unius Bedoe 
de Fortherio illostre hoc testimonium mnltomm 
iostar erit : ille autem sic libro quinto Ang. hist, 
loquitur : ^' quo defuncto ( Aldelmum intelligens) 



• Dc Scrip, p. IM. 







32 

jpoDtificatom pro eo suscepit Forther, qui usque 
hodie [saperest] vir et ipse in scriptnris Sanctis 
multum eraditas/* 



IlL HEREWALD. 

SuccESSiT A. D. 739. Obiit non ante a. D, 758. 

Malmesbury* and Florence,t who both write 
him Herchenwald, merely notice his succession; 
which Godwin, after the latter^^ places at 739. 
He was at two councils of Cliffe, both held by 
Cuthbert, archbishop of Canterbury ; the one, 
anno 742, and the other 747. Hutchins§ only 
records the former, and Godwin only the latter, 
but that be was at both, may be seen in Wilkins.|| 
Godwin, and after him, Hutchins, quote Mal- 
mesbury de Pontifidbus respecting his being at 
Clifie, but the Concilium CloToshoniense does 
not occur in the copious index of that work. 



* Degest. Poiifti£.Aiig.lib.U.p. 847. See Ang. Sac. toL 1. p. N3. 

^ Chran* ez Chioii. p. 263^ 

t De PzvtuL apud Richardson, p. 330. 

g Hist. Dorset voL 2. p. 371. 

il Cone voL 1. p. 87. col. b. and p. 94. col. b. 



Anno 7S8^ he oiceurs as a rabscribing party* 
^ HeerewaldiisEpisoopus Scirebumiae/' to adeed 
of gift from Cynewolf, king of the West Saxons^: 
to Malmesbury Abbey.* His name again occurs 
as ** Herewald Epus/' anno 766, to a charter of 
the same, printed in the Monasticon,f of do- 
nation of lands to the monastery of Wells.J 
Hutchins§ calls this latter a confirmation of a 
grant given by Ina, but if it was not a monkish 
forgery altogether, it was not a confirmation 
bat an original grant. Richardson || calls it 
^ genuinnm Monachornm fig^entam." The 
period of his death is not certainly known. I 
find no notice of him in the Anglia Sacra be- 
yond the above. 



IV. ETHELWOLD. 

SVCCESSIT FORTASSE A.D.758. — ObIIT ANTE A.D. 790. 

Malmesbury merely notices his succession ; so 
also Florentius and Godwin, who, as also Isaac- 

" W. Malmesb. de vit AUL ap. Wharton Ang. Sac. pt 2. p. 25. 

t VoL 1. p. 186. 7. 

t See Tanner in Somerset xlii. Wells. 

§ Dorset. 2. 371. 

I) Vt supra. 



34 



son, fix it at 755, but on what authdrity seems 
uncertain. How does that date agree with 
Godwin's statement immediately preceding, that 
he witnessed a charter in 766 ? 



V. DENEPRITH on BENEPRITH. 

SuccBSSiT A. D. 790. Obiit ante A. D. 803. 

The time of his succession is uncertain. Pro- 
bably A. D. 790, because it appears from Gale's 
MSS. that he made bis profession to archbishop 
^thelheard, who was elected anno 790.* De- 
nefrith does not occur in the Chron. Sax.f nor 
in Florentius p. 280. It is uncertain whether his 
profession was made after the archbishop's elec- 
tion or consecration, which did not take place 
till 793, but the former is most agreeable to the 
chronological tables. He occurs, as Hutchins;]; 
says, anno 796. See Malmesbury. vit Aldhelm 
ap. Gale, p. 359. 



* Godwin de Pmu p. S30. note. 

t Chion. Sax. p. 64. 5. 

t Hist. Dorset toI. 2. p. 371. 



35 



VI. WILBERT. 

SnccEssrr antb A. D. 803.*— Obiit antk A. D. 81B. 

This prelate's name is variously written WiK 
bert,Wigbert,Wigfrith,Wighbryht, and Wibert. 
The period of his snecession is not known, though 
it probably was in the year 798. He was cer- 
tainly bishop before 803, for in that year Floren- 
tios* and the Saxon Chroniclef record his going 
to Rome, while bishop, with Wulfred, archbishop 
of Canterbury. Godwin erroneously has it 815. 
We know that he was at the council of Cliff 
anno 8034 RichardsoD§ says he was at another 
council of Cliff anno 824, and quotes Wilkins 
ut supra, p. 175, but no such name occurs therf* 
He died, as Richardson says, in 833, for which 
he quotes the Saxon Chronicle, but neither can 
that citation be verified, see p. 72, unless Wigen 
be the same. We there read that two bishops, 
Herefrith and WitfeUf were killed by the Danes 
in the battle '' apud Carrum,*' (Charmouth, 



•SSI. 

tP- 

t Wilkins Cone. 1. 168. b. ** Ego Wigbzbht, Sdrabamcons Ci? itadi 
Epiaoopns sgnum crads subscripa.*' 

$ P. 331. DoCe. 

J} 2 



36 

Dorset; ) Hutchins thinks the latter is our bishop, 
and adds, that the name which Le Neve from 
Antiq. Brit. p. 69, writes Migfrid, is, in arch- 
bishop Laud*s copy, Wigfrith. We are not a 
little puzzled at the following entry in Matthew 
of We3tmini»ter, p. 14?>, L 6 : " anno gratia^ 784 
Wilbertu3 Scireburiensis antistes obiit," which 
is 14 years previous to his becoming bishop. 
Now if this be correct, much of bishop Godwin's 
chronology throughout, as well as that of earlier 
writers, is rendered wholly uncertain. Indeed 
ihe old monkish writers strangely contradict tod 
falsify one another's dates. Under the year 834 
MatthfiW of Westminster^ says that Herefridus 
(forsan Herefrith ii< m/>ra), bishop of Win ton, 
fMid Sigelmus Scireburnensis (this is very unlike 
Wigen or Wilbert), were killed. Compare the 
passages. I take Sigelmus to be a mistake ; for 
there is evidently an error as to dates in Flqri- 
legus, in recording the death of Sigelm, the 
1,5th bishop of Sherborn, but whom Malmesbury 
omita. I should suppose 784 a misprint for 834, 
v^asit not placed in chronological order. See 
Godwin de Preesul. p. 333. However this may be, 
I think I am justified in placing Wilbert's death 
in or prior to the year 81 7 for the reasons stated 



p. I5d. 



37 



in the next article, more especially as Richard- 
son's attempt to plrove him iat the council of Cliff 
in 824 has not sacceeded, from the passage cited 
containing nothing relative to that point. 



VII- EALHSTAN. 

SuccESSiT A. D. 817. Obut A. D. 807. 

There is an uncertainty as to the period 
that Ealhstan, or Alstan,^ was raised to the 
prelacy. It will be seen that I have Ten- 
tared to depart from Godwin's chronology, but 
I trust not without sufficient ground. That 
writer fixes his succession so late as the year 834, 
but it is certain, from the Saxon Chronicle, a 
work of the highest authority, [see p. 70,] that 
he was bishop in the year 823, for he is there 
styled under that year '^ Ealstanum suum Epis- 
copnm" (Ecbryhti.) Godwin, therefore, it is to 
be presumed, must be in error. I should fix his 
succession in the year 817, fbr we know that he 
died in 867, and that he had been bishc^ fifty 
years, according to the Saxon Chronicle, whose 



* In the 4Ui toL of the Archcologia, Mr. Pcgge has given a long catalogue 
of the various modes writers have adopted of spelling the name of this distint 
guiibed prelate. 




38 

authority I think may in general be implicitly 
relied on. '' Eodem anno decessit Ealchstanus 
Epus : is antem eum Episcm apnd Scirebumam 
habnit L annis."^ Consult; the authority cited 
and Malmesbwry degestis Pontif. lib. 11. p. 247^ 
and Chronica de Mailroa editOxan. 1684. p. 141. 
This will serve to reconcile the difficulty that 
Hutchinsf in vain endeavours to clear. Mailros 
establishes our point in a few words : ** Alch« 
stanus suscepit fipiscopatnm Scireburnensis Ec« 
clesiffi anno 817, quam rexit annis L." j; 

Alstan,§ who was at once a prelate, a politi* 
clan, and a warrior, flourished in the reigns of 
Egbert, Ethelwolf, (whose prime minister he may 
be called,) and the early part of that of the illus- 
trious Alfred. Egbert sent him with his son 
Ethelwolf into Rent, which he reduced, and 
brought the East' Angles under the dominion of 
the West.g Hutchins, ex (met. M. S. Cottarif^ 



* Chran. SftXi p, 79* at the end of the pdzagnph* 

t Hilt Donet. toL 3. p. 872. coL a. 

X Chronica de Mailros, at tap. 

§ Le Neve Fasti EocL Anglic, p. 265. introduces another bishop between 
Wilbert and Alstani but I cannot discover that he is borne out by any 
authority. 

II Malmesb. de gest. Pontif. Ub. 11. p. 247. Chron. Sax. anno 823. p. 70. 
Iceland Collect. voL 1. p. 258. 

V Hist. Dorset 2. 371. His reference to p. 141 of Malmesbury at supra 
if wfopg, read p. 247, 



39 

nys he was nearly related to the kings Ethel- 
woU and Ethelbert, who were both huriied near 
him in Sherborne Church* In the year 845 he 
and dnke Osric with the Dorset men^ fought the 
Danes at the month of the river Farret (** ad 
Pedrid» ostium"') near Huntspill, co. Somerset, 
md gained the victory.^ His name, in the 
place cited, is written Ealchstan. Gibson's note 
refers to Florentius for Eali*tan» but that writer 
has it Alhstan.t Hotcbius calls the place of the 
engagement Comage, more ancienUy the lestuary 
of Uzella4 

Alstan perceiving Ethel wolf to be of a tame 
and indolent disposition, inspirited him to the 
stndy of politics/<and to the defence of his king^ 
dom against its new enemies, the Danes, taking 
upon himself the management of the treasury 
and the organization of the forces. '* Ipse pe« 
cunias ex fisco sufficiens, ipse exercitum com- 
ponens/' Malmesb. To his royal master he 
proved a faithful minister, till he discovered his 
undne preference to his younger son, Alfred, 
whom, while a child, Ethelwolf caused to be 



* ChroiL Sax. p. 74. 

-f Florentius annexed to Matt Westm. 684. and detached p. 657. 

* Hist. Don. 2. 373. Hii reference to th« Saxon Chronicle under 847 
ia wrong ; read anno 845. p.74. 



40 

anointed at Rome, to the prejudice of the rights 
of his elder sons. From that moment the poli- 
tical inflaence and splendid abilities of Ealstan 
were turned against Ethelwolf, during whose 
absence at Rome he advised his son Ethelbald 
to assume the government, and on his return he 
compelled the king to divide the kingdom with 
his son.^ 

He died in 867 and was buried at Sherborne. f 
Bishop Godwin calls him '< homo prudentissimus, 
fortissimusy patriae amantissimus et egregie mu- 
nificus/* and says '< Ecclesiam suam valde locu-> 
pletavit/' but the monk of Malmesbury inveighs 
bitterly against his avarice, ** Reliquit ecclesiam 
suam preedivitem preediis undequaque acquisitis 
quanta si audias, hominis vel cupiditatem vel 
felicitatem mireris/'§ Malmesbury has drawn 
the following character of him : ** Yixit in 
Episcopatu annis 50, felixqui tanto opere in pro- 
cinctu bonorum operum fruerit. Quem libenter 
laudarem nisi quod humana cupiditate raptatus 
usurpavit indebita, quando monasterium nostrum 



* The cause of this rebellion against Ethelwolf is stated as above on the 
HUthoritjT of Matt. Westm* p. 308. See Ttimer*s Anglo Saxons, ?oL I. p. 183. 

•f Chronica do Mailros. Oxon. 1684. p. 143. Dunelm. Hoveden f. 238. 
b. and Chron. Sax. p. 79 anno dccclxvii. 

^ De PrssuL ap. Richardson, p. 331. 

§ Malmeib. de gest Pont. lib. 11. p. 247* 



41 

suis sabtravit negfotiis. Sentimus ad hunc diem 
impadentise illius calumniam, licet locus ille 
statim eo mortno omnem episcoporum elnctatUH 
fberit violentiam osqoe ad oostram tempus • • . • ; 
et erat ille, ut ex scriptisaadivimus, sicut cupidi* 
tate prsefervidus ita liberalitate preecipaus.'^ 

Alstan occurs subscribing a charter granted 
by Bertulph in the year 851 to Croyland Abbey. 

It is to be obserf ed that Godwin places the 
battle of Huntspill in the year 845, and Richard- 
son in the note quotes Mailros as his authority. 
Now Mailros says, '' Anno 847 Alcstanus vene- 
rabilis et dux Osredus &c. victoriam obtinuerunt 
apud Pedredesmuth.'* The Saxon Chronicle* 
says anno 845, Asser, in his ''Annals of Alfred,** 
p. 18. edit. Wise. Oxon. 8^- 1722, has this ob- 
servation : '' Eodem anno (867) Ealhstan Epus 
Scirebumensis ecclesiae viam universitatis adiens, 
postquam Episcopatuni per qninquaginta annos 
honorabiliter rexerat, in pace in Scireburnam 
sepultus est." 

In vol, iv. of the Archaeologia, is a learned 
dissertation on a gold enamelled seal by the cele- 
brated antiquary Mr. Pegge, which he attributes 
to Alhstan or Ealhstan, bishop of Sherburne, 
anno 867. He has added an engraving of it to 



• P. 74 



42 

bis memoir^ and relates the following particulars 
reis^>ecting it : '' He says, it was found by a 
labourer on the surface of the ground on a com-* 
mon^ at a place called Ltys^faen^ in the north-east 
comer of Carnarvonshire. It is of gold, and ena- 
melledy of good workmanship, and in fine pre- 
servation. It weighs above an ounce, and must 
be worth between four and five pounds. It is 
estimable on account of its Saxon inscription, 
&c.. Though it appears that other bishops bore 
the name of Ai«hstan, Mr. Pegge, (whose an- 
tiquarian authority is generally esteemed so 
good,) attributes this ring to Alhstan, seventh 
bishop of Sherburne. This bishop is said to 
have presided over that see, (before it was united 
to that of Sarum,) from anno 817 to 867, and 
(contrary to the practice of the present age) is 
said to have conducted armies under the royal 
Uandard.* To account for the remote corner 
of our island in which this ring was found, our 
author informs us, *' that anno 828, Egbert 
visited North Wales in an hostile manner, and, 
therefore, it is not improbable that AlhstaUy who 
seemed to be tarn militaris quam clericuSf should 
have accompanied his royal master on this ex- 
pedition, and, perhaps, was even the commander 

* GttL Mftlm. de pontif. U. p. 247. Flor. Vig. p. 160. 



4S 

of .the S^xfNi wmy when this riag^ww loit» 
Anether gold nag of greater weight was found 
at the sametimey and near the same places wbiob 
ciraoBBftaiibet. teem dearly to ivdicate the pae- 
tage of aome disUngnished personage throqgii 
that fevote .district. 

There, it a long and eiqplanatory dieiertatioa 
on this ring in the Archaoologia* 



YUL HBAHMUND. 

SuccEssrr A. D. oes. Oairr A. D. 071. 

All that is known of this prelate is, that 
having succeeded to this bishoprick in 867 or 8, 
he engaged, agreeably with the practice of those 
times, in the profession of arms, and was killed 
in battle with the Danes in the year 872, as 
bishop Godwin says, or 871, as Matthew of 
Westminster and Mailros, at Meredun. But 
whether this is meant for Moridunnm in Devon 
(hodie Seton) as Ricliardson supposes, who 
quotes Huntingdon, lib. 5. f. 200, for this idea, 
to which the latter, in page 349, where these 
events are recordi)d, gives no countenance; or 
Merdon, Wilts, as Hutchins conjectures, we can 
not ascertain. Apud Meredune may as well 



44 

mean Merton in Surry, or Moreton in B^rks ; 
though I am inclined to think Merdon in Wilts 
18 meant. 

The Saxon Chronicle, page 81, thus records 
this prelate's death : ** Ibi (apud Meretnne) 
magfua strages utrinque facta est. Danique 
locum stragis obtinebant; et ibi Heahmundus 
Spiscopus occisus est et complures boni viri.** 



IX. ETHELAGE. 

SuccBssiT A. D. 871.— — Obiit forsan a. D. 875. 



is succession alone is noticed by Malmes- 
bury de gestis Pontif. lib. 11. p. 247, Floriligus, 
Florentius, and bishop Godwin. 



X. ALFSY. 

SuccBSsiT A. D. 876. Obiit A. D. 



Godwin and Isaacson fix his succession at 
875. The former records nothing but his name. 
The same remark will apply to Florentius and 
Malmesbury. Leland calls him '< vir bonus et 
summo apud Alfredum loco habitus/' Comment 
de Scrip. Brit. p. 156, 



XI. ASgER. 

SCCCBSSIT INTBR A. D. 875 & 88S, Ohit A. D. BOOl 

. The Kfe of Asser* who is distingoiBhed a^ 
tba iostnictor aad companioD of the great Alfred,- 
vas written in latin by Francis Wise, A, BI« 
Fellow of Trinity College, Oxford, and prefixed' 
to his edition of " Asser'g Annals of Alfred,"' 
OxoD. 1723. 8^ a work first published by arch- 
bishop Parker at the end of his edition of Wals- 
ingham, Lopd. 1574, and afterwards by Camden 
in his Anglia, Normanoica, &c. Frankfort. 
1603. 

It is to be presumed that this prelate [whom 
Ingnlphus* calls Asker (perhaps the error of 
some transcriber for Ascer), and bishop Bale,t 
Pitts,;]: and Yos8ius,§ with glaring impropriety,' 
John Asser, for that mode of denomination was 
unknown in England antecedently to the eleventh 
century ,11] was a native of the Principality. He 

■ Iiigiilpb.HtM.ToL I. p. 38. 0101.1664. Sub. an. 874. 

■)■ Balaai De Script, in vU. AMoiL 

X De &eaf. in fit. A«er> 

S De HiMffid*. See G«le *lao in zv. Script. 

t. Alftedi. p. 141. See 
"Of 



^ 



46 

received his education at St. David's,^ and ac- 
cording to Bale^t under the famous Erigena. 
The exact place of his nativity is not known. 

The assertions which have been made re- 
fqpecting Asser afford a remarkable instance of the 
errors into which biographers liave fallen, isind' 
which they have perpetuated from age to age^ 
by the careless habit of adopting the assertions 
of preceding writers without examining into 
their accuracy. 

Lelandy having expressed an opinkmX that 
our Asser was brought up under the ftuspices of 
another Asser, said to have been also archbishop 
of St. David's, and his kinsman, every subse- 
quent writer has assumed as an admitted fact 
the existence oi two Assers« Bale§ has even 
taken it into his head to describe our bishop as 
^' chancellor of St. David's,'' others as secretary, R 
&c. while Godwin^ goes so far as to say that he 



"* '"-^ ' -^ - * * 



« • * * .1 



* Aner Anhal. p. 47* edit Wise. 

t De Scrip. > 124 iq. 

t Lei* de Script, in Amot. pb lU. 

§ De Scrip.*iii Aner. p. 125. Bale hat miaqnoted Aner*s woidi. A«er« 
in speaking of his kinsman, it is to be observed, never calls hnn A»$er^ as 
Bale quotes it— ^' Cum affine seniore Asserio.** The two last words are af/Utt 
of hit own* Thus it is that doubts are raised and controversies muliipliod. 

\lDe Praesulibus. Edit. Richardson, p. 332. 

^ PitseuB de Scrip, p. 171. Wise^s note has misquoted 1I7I. 



k 



47 

states himself to be amanuensis or chancellor to 
archbishop Asser. Now here are two errors at 
once. He does not state himself to have filled 
any soch situations, nor does he ever once so 
macli as name Asser. He speaks, indeed, of 
NoDis or NoTis» whom some, through careless- 
netSy have chosen to call ** Asser,** a misnomer 
easily discoverable by reference to ** the Annals.'^ 

The fact is, there were not two Assers ; and 
whatever Leland, or more recent writers relate 
of the person they call Asser, whether uncle* or 
cousin to our Asser, beyond all doubt nuist be 
referred to Nonis or Novis, archbishop of St. 
David's, whom Asser himself calls by that name 
and no other, and whom he styles * propinquus/f 

It is by no means improbable that our Asser 
might have possessed a high station in his kins- 
man*s cathedral, but as neither he nor any writer 
near his period tells us so, it is substituting 
imagination for historical fact to assign him any 
specific dignity therein. There is little doubt 
that he succeeded his relative Nonis in the archi- 
episcopal throne of St. David^s, although he no 
where asserts this fact totidem ver&tV,— -an omis- 
sion, however, afibrding not the slightest argil- 

* Vid. PowdL Chion. Brit p. 44. 
t Aniules. Edit. Wise. p. 49. 




48 

ment agaiMt it, ^ince he is equally silent as to 
his promotion to the bishoprick of Sherborne, 
white, indirectly, as Wise thinks, he seems very 
clearly to indicate his appointment to St. David^s 
in the following passag;e in hisAnnals of Alfi^.^ 
'.^ Sperabs^nt enim nostri, mrnoretf tribulationes* 
et injorias ex parte* Hemeid regis stfstinere (qui 
s^pe deprsedahatnr illud Monasterium et paro- 
cAiiani San<?ti Degiii, aliquando expnlsione illo- 
rom Antistitum qui in eo prdeessent, sicot et 
No?is Archiepiscppum propinqutim meumy et 
MV expulit aliqaando sub ipsis) si Ego ad noti- 
tiam at amicitiam regis qualicunque pacto per- 
¥6nirem.— - 

Even 'the great Spelinan has fallen into the 
eRxmeous.idea. of there having been two Assers ; 
but this misconception has been most convinc- 
ingly refuted by the learned Dr. Smith, the 
annotator of venerable Bede. Others will have 
it that Asserius Menevensis, by whom I presume 
1$ noeant Nonis, was a fictitious personage (truly 
enough) whom the ignorant but ambitious monks, 
in order to aggrandize their own Church, chose 
to represent as bishop, not only of St. David's, 
but of the whole of Britain,t a statement so 

• p. 49. 

+ Vide TjrrtOL Hist. AngL Pwef. p. 13. 



k 



49 

completely at isBoe with chronology and reason 
at not to be tolerated for a moment. On refer- 
ence to Giraldos Cambremis,* a writer of nn- 
Uemitiied intq^ty^ indiqpntable accoracy, and 
of no mean learning for the age in which he 
lifedy we fhaU aee in hit catalogue of archbiihopa 
of St. DaTid^i mention made of only cue Amer. 
Hie list of prelates stands thns : Nonis^ Etwal^ 
Asser, In support of this, the Annales Blene* 
fensesf may also be adduced with ibis difieience 
only, that in them £twal is omitted ; and fur- 
ther stilly a Tcry ancient catal<^e in M. S« in 
the Cottonian CoUeotiouy^ recognizes one Asser, 
tad only ODCt as archbishop of St David's* 



* Itinar. Ciiiibr. lib.lLcq^l.p.8M.BiieM. 



CimMwi, tiMtf 



EtwiL 



IFURi, Calhedwh, IJMMt 
Sulhaidmiy. 
Novii. 
EtwiU or ArthwaU. 



Aifftnad. ArthwaeL 

WiDb ftO bm^dMrnfaitdlingof VobIWb lume probably bjrqoodiit I^ t^era 
af looking into Gifaldm.— In Sir R. C Uoaie*t Trandatton of GinO- 
Load. 18H. 4ta. VoL 1 p. 14. Gbaldiit and Bishop Godwin*t liit an 

Giraiiiu. I Godwh. 

SL Nooii. \ 91. Namia. 

& EtwaL I i3. SacbTcney. 

flL Amu. I fL DojthwaL 

I 34. 

Godinn ^fM no antbotitj for theie alteratioDS. 



t Edit. Whaitom in Anglia Sac VoL 2. p. 648. 

X daodiiu B. fik at quoted in the Biog. Brit, old edit. Vol. 1. p.m. 
MIC. coLa. 




50 

The reader is left to Mconctle the following 
coii6ictiog assertionsf of Spelman and Smiths: 

-Spehnan* ob^rires, ** Gemmi . .vero fuertnt 
Afiserii, qaorani recentiOF sub fidwardo iieaiore 
pariter Episcopos ad aonunict credo 900 aetatevi 
protnixerit. * lam *hnju9 iglosseaiatis ioventor 
utrisqiue bis Asseriis in unuok canfusiSf euni'^bi 
pierauiabiwt Jisserium Meaevenseiii ad aonom 
OOOadviziase^iiooidabitavit qnin omnia nanrao- 
tem indbceret quae qooqoo Regis Alfred! anno 
eontigisseni*'* ' > 

On^the contrary sideiet Dr. Smitht be heaid. 
^^ Neb quibatidain idicatar dmns/uimi AM$eria$f 
alteruofi qui juxili Ploriligom et Fiorentiom olmil 
Episcopos ^Scirebqmensis anno 883, quern Ox- 
onienses suum vindicant : alterum Menevensem 
qui Aluredi gesta scriptiit. Apparet enim eos 
qui ejus obitum «d 883 revocant, et unum hdnni^ 
nem in duos dividunlf ti| errarem ffravissitMum 
indwios esse:*^ and he afterwards concludes his 
convincing arguments with these words : ** U^rs 
igitur fuit et Menevensis et Schirebnmensis 
Asserius/* 

The distinguished m^rit of Asser having at- 
tracted the notice of Alfred, that monarch sent 

■ ■ ■ ' W ' ' 

• ^Ifrcdi Mag. Vit. lib. ui. p. 145. Oxon. CICDCLXXVIII. 

+ Appcmlix to Vcn. BeUc. p. 737« 



\ 



61 

to tnirite Um to his courts probably aboat the 
year 880«» « Agser faimMlf relates id ; hia A.Q nals,^ 
With that modesty which uniforttlychaiacteriscid 
him^^'tlie particulars of his reception* VLemM 
sestfor bj the king' from the western extremity 
of Wales^ aad acoompttiying his cooduotora tb 
Sooth Saicony^ first saw Alfred in the i?oyal cky 
of ])ene4t Anxious* for the intellectual, im^ 
provement he jostly anticipated by habitual kk 
tereo o rse with such a character as Asser, the 
wise monarch endeavoured to attach him excluf» 
siiely to his sendee, and to make him his com- 
panioD^ and on Asser's pleading his attachment to 
the country that had fostered his earlier years, 
md the prior claim it possessed on his time and 
services^ Alfred condescendingly proposed his 
dividing the year equally between the Saxon 
Court and his own connexions in Wales, adding 
that he would compensate the loss of his prefer- 
ments beyond the Severn with larger possessions. 
Having consulted his friends on this important 
proposal, Asser was strongly solicited by them 
not to reject the proferred friendship of Alfred, 

^ 

• p. 47 »q. 

t Qusie, if inWUts? 

X *'*' Injustum entm mihi videbatur ilia tain sancta loca in quibus nutritus 
H doctiis reUruiuere.'*— Annales iBlfredi, p. 47* 

E 2 



53 

with whom they hoped their countryman wookl 
plead their caiise» and procure his powerful co* 
operation ag^nst the perpetual incursions and 
tyrannic conduct of Hemyed, a neighbourii^ 
chieftain* The amiable hesitation evinced by 
Asser tb exchange the scenes of his youth for 
the grandeur of the Saxon Court (see page 47 
of the Annals), might have protected him firom 
the ungenerous imputation .conveyed by bidiop 
Godwin's expression : ** patriae suae pertsesus."* 
Comment de Pros. edit. Bichardsan. p. 332. 
. The reception with which Asser was entav 
tfldned by King Alfred was not merely that of a 
guest, but he was admitted to his most intimate 
familiarity ; and often did the monardi, when 
respited frcmi the cares of royalty, unbend hb 
mighty mind, under the auspices of Asser, to the 
cultivation of science and the liberal arts. Asser 
translated and read tb him whatever books he 
desired that were within their reach, and he teUs 
us that it was Alfred's peculiar and constant 
custom, day and night, amidst all his affli<^ons 
of mind and body, to read books himself, or to 
have them read to him by others. He was par- 
ticularly anxious to render himself a good latin 
scholar. ** When I called to mind,*' says the 
patriotic Saxon, ** how the learning of the latin 
tongue was fallen throughout the English nation. 



53 

and that many coald read English, then foe^ti 
I, aoiid the ether manifold bosineM of tiiis kitigf* 
dom, to tnm into Englirii the book naim^ Pii^ 
tofklby orthe HerdmMai*8 Book^Mmethnes word 
far wordy eometimes sense for sense, as I hltd 
learned of Plegdrand my archbishopi, and of As^r 
my bishop, and of Grimbald my mfas» prieM.**< Le^ 
land, speaking of Asser, obsertes,^ that'^'KbliiiM 
Boetii de consokttione pfailosophiae planioribilil 
verbis elacidavit, illis diebns labore necessaries 
Bostris ridieulo. Sed enim jnssn regis factum es6 
at leTiiis ob eodem in Anglicum transferetac' 
sermonem/' With Asser also originated Alff ed% 
^ haod^beck," a sort of common piece book. 

AssOT leUs 08 in his Annals, that having onfoe 
cited a passage of some famous author, the king 
was much pleased with it, T wished him to write 
it down in the margin of a book he carried in 
bis breast, but Asser not finding sufficient room 
there, asked Alfred if he should not provide a 
few leaves in which to set down such remarkable 
things as might oceor either in reading or eon- 
versation. The king, delighted with the hint^ 
directed Asser to put it immediately into execu- 
tion, and pursuing this method constantly, their 
collection began to swell till at length it became 

* CoIkcUDea. VoL 2. p. 2M. 




54 

the 8126 ;of .aa ordiiifflry psalter, an^ this is what 
was icaJliad his hamd'hoak or nutmiuL Asset 
cftUed lit 'bis Enohurididni. < , 
j r;< The services of iAiscnr, wieth by <nol means lest 
<i{HlD:tbe gvateful tmnd of Alfred, who 4»eoti^ 
conffitjed ea jbini thd rich .monasteries of iAmes^^ 
biliy/ WiUs^ and B&iiwielli Somerset^ ^accom-f 
J^yil^'tb^fgtft with a silk pall of great vidae; 
and as .mifcb incense as a strong mite goiiM 
^arryt /Sending together with them this eompAi-* 
mwti 'V.tbat these Tirere biit small thingSy and 
by w^y of eai^nest of better whidi should follow 
thfum'f ][ngal|ihas, probably led astt^yr by par* 
tial .i|}mi)arity:.of sound, and^deeming Walea the* 
pliK)^ ofHt W^lchmain's ptefersdjent, hasconfoArred 
cui^bim'! the. abbacy of Bangor, <<Anno:&74 
£)$gimundOU eticim postea prdmotubi in Archi« 
qppisQppam CaKtuarife ac Askerum ^Aihaiem 
J^lt^Ojfaretuem^i postea Sohyrebumensem £pisooK 
pn^ dllis ia . temporibus doctoreis celeberrimos 
siio latjsri fidjtinxittV .fltcf This is erroneous «s 
fv,%s-: relates to Bmigoi^ Asser never having; 
l^tll abbot' there. 

Shortly after waixls, as our prelate informs us, 
<< ex improvise dedit mihi ( Alfredus sc.) £xan- 



* ^ Suuim post adventum in Saxoniam.*' Wise. Life. p. xxii. 
t Ingulph. Hist. Vol. 1. p. 28. GalQ. Scrip.-^xoQ. 1684. 



65 

ceMtre.c^iii(iMnlit'parabfa|atq«^ td^we pecftiti^bat 
in'Saximiiirliet^iiil Gonuibiayr mv JfexparetMoo 
pnticulicrly -^librtivy ^notice, bb^ ealafolii&iiig^'ru 
Dl-;«baith fiti^ jMtljthink^^the Jong dbputoa 
point, rwbetker ^Ihe ^rnitari'of i^^thet Atiaais ml 
Alfred/' was bishop of JSUsfborne^'' finiiilbjii 
Ut'Sppendix-Ui BiUei ny;i,.>^!lide eftfbtflnibi 
vmnu isst^ Scii^eikirnfikiem iHocHm jiiqtjrfbcivitM 
Bnm €ft Gor&tabi site est/^ dt^.ia toifthife abd 
that -Wise alluides^' When: ha vbien^es. ihftbiAiKt 
Abiained tfaei Bi^opvick i>f iSberbortia lAturaeil 
thd yc«rft'87S''inNl 885, <'«qHod ipse oUdarotial 
iHiiiBe ptitaCii#i'^ ^ * For my 'Own pMrtt howkv&tf :I 
da not tliiak h^ wicfieeded' so; early> as - (ha first 
dattr Miiigii^ - by Wifte^ because we' bavci raasoa 
tobeliavei an stated under his life, that bishop 
Heahmand was killed in 871, and two bishopa 
iatervened before Asser. I would therefore fix 
iiis saccessioti at about 885. 

Spelman, however, though he admits ooi: As* 
self's appoiotment to Sherborne, does not consider 
the donbtfol expression above of :<<*£xaDceastre 
cam omni parochia in Saxonia et Comabia- as 
implying the bishoprick of Sherbome*--**^ Hi6 
est ille Asserius quern Rex adeo charum habnit, 
quern Episcopum Scireburnensem constituit et 
in quern prseter alia complura, Amersbnriam, 
Banwellam et Exoniam contuliU" He thus dis- 
joins ** Exonia'' and Sherborne bishoprick. 




66 



( The accurate bishop Tanner* 'Mys, the king 
gBiW him Cmgresby li : but I shcnild think thi^s 
a mistake^ tor Ambresbury ^or Amesbury, and 
the mere 80# as under Cang^reebyri in hmNotUim 
he is aiknt. ^The life in his Bib. Brit, is from 
Leland'iie Ser^ptaribu$M ^ 

Bishop GodwiUf in addition to theprefer«f 
ment already notioeiG^ adds, that Alfred gave 
him die manoraof Wellington, Buckland, and 
Lidyaiid, in Someffsefe; but wh^re he obtained 
his abthority for this statement I have not yet 
been able to discover. The sMne writer has 
also the following remark relative to those 
manonk— <* Qmt postea, fipisoopo in Wellensi 
Beclesia>Gollocato, eidem sunt attribute, quorum 
matierium de Budkland saeriiegium adhuo non 
surripuit" 

Tbe author of the history of the Anglo«> 
Saxons justly observes,t *^ Asser certainly did 
not possess such shining abilities and multifa- 
rtotts acquirements as his predecessor, Aldhelm, 
bM be left to posterity a work far more precious 
thah any production of that singular genius. 
This was his j^ain, artless, and jninute account 
of the life and occupations of Alfred. It has 
• ' II. ■ I I ■ I II . II. , 

• Bib. Brit Lond. 1748. p. fiS. lifeof AflBcr. 
t Tunitt** Hist Aug. Sax. VoL Z» 



67 

beea twice fnated, and from the rimplioity of 
tbe styk^ as well as the interest attached to ihe 
ad»jecty ia i^ Mgarded ab oae of the most Taio* 
«Ue remiiaots of oar early history. Asserisalao 
oansidered aa tbe author of a chronicle or annab 
of Britain.* Smne of oar historians and anti-> 
<pMtfiea attribated to the soggestiMs of Asser 
the foundation of an aniversity at Ojcford» Boft 
whatever share he may b^ sapposed to bi^ve 
taken in the Kte^ary estaWirfimmts of AWredf 
the pMMige of the work cited in siq[»port of the 
oo^jectnra proved the scarce, of a violent coi^ 
trovorqFy which is still nndecided." 

The learned and ingenioos Whitaker* bow^ 
evcTi it 18 to be obsenred, who wrote the life of 
^ Neott enters largely into Asserts historyt and 
proves the forgery of the celebrated passage re- 
specting Alfred's foundation of the university of 
Oxford. An interesting work on this subject 
was written by Mr. William Smith, 8^* New- 
castlct 1728, ratitled, <' The Annals of Univer- 
sity CMlege,'* . proving William of Duriiam the 
founder, and answering their arguments who 
ascribe it to king Alfred. By these two writers. 



* See « Bote bj AtchW A op Parker at the end of the Amuilf of Alfred. 
WiK. p. 73. The ^ Chraiiicoii Fani Sancki Neotis, it?« Annalei Joan. 
AMtii, a£ oonnillii ndetar,** U pfintad in Gak*i Script OxoQ. 

mu Vol. s. ^ i4U47<. 




68 

^^ciafly the former,* tile cbntixiv^sy may be 
denied pretty weH decided < in the' neffoiive* 

'• If ^Awer*' had ^rcJalJy delivered leetiires^. at 
(Hfcnfdi' it' is *itot easy/ ta ' gdess wby^ fc^ tievei* 
menfiieiied it. It is gen^rally^ conceived that 
GrimHald Went to Os^fordyiry 886; at least it id 
ita that yeaf^ilBser places the great tatniiM ^ajt 
happened there en his eccount, Vi^hich^- being so 
feit^ anf'opporttimty,^neiwduld' think 'the authbt 
coald 4iot ' faa^ ipkH^ ' t^et ¥i lA^hotit nienttidn^ 
itig hifi^<ew»'^mploynientj if he i^lly had;anyi 
itt^the^amef plafce. The troth seem6 td^be^ that 
whoever framed' tlVe stl^y W the O^lftfrd' fi^ofes* 
stfrnji^todk all'the learned men that ai^ spdkten of 
in the history ^f Alfred's reign, and bestowed 
ihetn 'as^ ^e adcoimts' he had met with of their 
works "led. him { one to divinity, another to 
grammar^* which f^ll to Assers share, because 
he Ji'ad 'grammaticaHy constrned Boelhius for 
the^ use of A lft^» as^ !\f almesbury tells us. In- 
deed 1^ it 'were'true, what Home have suggested, 
that Asscfr was eiiif^loyect in brmg'mg over St. 
Grimbald from France,^ then, by placing the 
date a little higher, we might bring this story to 
square well enough with the chrouoiogy of 
Asser*s history ; but even then it would not 

* Leland ex viu Grimb. CoUcct. 1. 1& 



5fl 



agne with! kbe'Mf Maif ^ i$f £»r if he^road w tbfl 
schools at Oxford, how coald he divider ^tiitta 
lMEiMite«lid«lu|ltAlKlhU«l^ is 

i[»r)9onipi»ljioa tt ^c»D iwha*iiA<BNr hiiiiidf tfdUi 
UBf and what we have from an anopyjAMNia 
wntari^flrf twhoaftj we hainebot m- rimff iaiifferent 

Ofiatttthtf ;wdrka»aaeribad;bgkrPitti»^aivcr|i 
fffiiid ,itaaci»mta writei^>»WiiAMetifiefti 
hafift tfaar^iiUiiiab4f!:&lfr0dMfM^lKiiu]g;toduau 
The liisk of tlie;injr( wwkaniiiined by PitiBiia^i 
GranMifar^Jrii 'iB<»Mtiif^iwhich>» oientbnedbyt 
lahBdobWaatboriftyf iof «hd <;2fc«Qiiii6le«3af<;8W 
BieolqliiMitiia looly pact iii into^ jilainav phmaeou 
lifjr'filvAlieraBaiitaaoe of j41ind m tta traipaiatioiv 
of k^ aa vwe have already teen, ^he second .k thai 
ilmuSoiMtrum ^UiruMMlJredi. Theilurd^tho 
ilaiiate JSrAiflEfiiiuay mikntioned abo by Lelandand 
Bdle^^^and since publildied by the learned Dr.! 
Gale, wft6 mcHned to-^ibiiik it genuine, but thiv 
baabeen jvstly ; donbtedw ' See an excellent note* 
on; the aparioostless of this wch4& in the Biogv^BriU^ 
old edit. vol. 1. p. 886. The fourth, Pitts calb 
^ AwMOTum SentenHarum EnMridianf* which^ 
doubUesa is the common place book already 
noticed. The fifth is a booh of Homilies, and 
the sixth a hook of Epistles, but these are in all 
probabiiity the frqit of Pitt's inventive fancy, a^ 




60 

no ancient writer, even in the most distant way; 
ailndes to them. 

Of Asser's annak of Alfred, bishop Niclli4«^ 
son, in his ^ Historical Library,*' page 48, Anm 
speaks : i. 

^ The earliest account we hove of die tc^v 
of this excellent prince, (Alfred,) is oy^mgi» 
Asserins Menevensis, who lived in his conrt, Itnd 
18 said to have been promoted by him to the 
bishopric of Sherborne. This treatise was first 
published by archbish<^ Parker, in the elA 
Saxon character, at the end of his editieii of 
Thomas Walsiiigham'ti history. Asserins wvobe 
bis sovereign's life no further than the 44th year 
of his age, which, according to hiscorapulKtioti^ 
fell A..D. 898. Bo diat though the book, as it 
is. ppblished, continues his story to hie deaths 
yet that part is borrowed from authorities of si 
later date, particulariy the copy of verses by 
way of epilogue, which is Henry of Hunting- 
don's. He shews, through the whole, a great 
deal of modesty, especially in the account he 
gives of his own being called to court, and 
his reception there. He is exactly copied by 
Florentius of Worcester, and others, when they 
come to treat of the great things of this reign. 
As to what relates to the truth or falsehood of 
that memorable passage in this book, mightily 



61 

isiertiiig the antiqnily of the University of 
Oxfordt I shall not meddle with at present, tiiat 
matter having been sufficiently canvassed by 
tkoae* whose proper business led them to it. 
The best thing this contest could do for us was 
jHttMBg Sir J 4 Spdman upon writing a new life 
of this king.f Mr. Heame has lately published 
8P* Qxon. 1700 this life in English, from the ort- 
pnal MS. of the author. Whether St. Neot ever 
wietef as some have reported, the life of Ring 
Alfred^ Sir John Spelman justly doubts.*'); 

Lelaodll calls Asser '' Asser historicus venix 
rdator vomm gestaram Regis Alfredi.** The 
aasie writer also thus speaks of our Engliiih 
lUcs^KMy and of the prelate whom he distin^ 
goidied by his peculiar notice : ^' O fortunatum 
joxti^ et cordatum principem qui potoit et voluit 
hajus modi sortis hominem evangelico operi 
prseficere! O fortnnatiorem pontificem cui con- 
tigit sub tam pio principe sancto fungi officio ! 
Quid multis morw? Erat elegans episcopus, 



* Hkt. Mid Aatiq. orOzfcid. lib. 1. p. 90. and JBlf. vit p. 141. sq. 

f PoL OzoQ. 1078- 

t See G€ffaam*s excellent History of St Neot^s, a work that deserves to 
be better known than it is. 

S Coikctanea. vol 1. p. 210. See also Leiand de Script p. 165. 




digmBBimns qiri eleganteiQ fegem ^ patrol 
hfiberet. £cce pulcram Tirtuti» certanieilv*^' 
' SpdinaD writee Jthos respeotingp the cost 
ation of Aitser -s annalBj^ ^ *^ Assertus Me&fei 
si8 regi adhiic imperrtiti comafentaiMi' nm 
pat it : et eodem looge prior ^ viFis^exot 
Fostea vero H.'Haatiogdon aiit quis alias eo 
so{^[dat» ratum illud de Alfredi morte, $fa^ 
anno 000 exeidit Asseriams commentariis 
texnit. Idqne certo. coHigimna tnm ex'p»p 
tioni n ipso H« Huatingdono desompta^ . 
09^ ej|i9dem cwminihQs ad calcem Asserianid 
toHte stlbjeotifeK^'Cgus nomine od^oras €oc 
itpponta donique e& HydensiA Abbatiee Ubr« 
D4 Ch. J0[." ' 

Of tho writers who have. undertaken to pn 
jirliatl only wondWat having ever been doob 
I meaa the identity of Asser Menevensis, 
Asser Scirebomensis^ Mr. Wise is unquestic 
bly entitled to < the greatest share of praise* 
has, I think, satisfactorily cleared op this. 4 
tated point, as well as that respecting the pei 
of his death, which becomes indeed a part of 
other question, and which has been a frui 
source of controversy. Spelman and Dr. Sn 
we have seen are at issue. If it be objec 

• JElfeedi MaiT. Vit lib. 3. p. 146. 



6S 

thtt ,heiBg iu/ra dij/nit^tem^ it -wts therefore 
improbable that Afl«er should quit the arohr* 
bbbopriek of St. David^i^ and. aocept of the 
biiboprick of i Sherborne, it should berenBem^ 
bend that . at that .tine the see of St. David's 
waa;haiTassod and ireqoently plundered by thfi 
fereaioua t Hemeid^* op whom probably the 
ecctesaaatieal censures had. been. |)ronpttncedw 
Asser, therefore, we may reasooably admits 
would: williiigly relinquish a post of^sucfa danger 
sad difficoltyy espeeiaily as the proffered friend* 
diip of Alfred would^ invest him. with the means 
of m^re effectually serving his oj^ressed cofUfr 
trymen Uian he could ,pessibly haiee done.by .hif 
presence i but putting this patriotic motive ofit 
of the question, is it so very improbable, that a 
man should relinquish the contparatively bajrren 
honor of that archpraesulate for the more sub- 
stantial revenues of the vast and wealthy see of 
Sherborne^ and the enjoyment of the sunshine 
of regal favor P When we add to this, the fact 
that the Cottonian catalogue plainly calls him, 
first, archbishop of St. David's, and afterwards, 
bishop of Sherborne, every doubt of the identity 
of the party must, we presume, vanish. The 
editor of the Biagraphia Britannicaj not to be 

* Asser. Annal. p. 49. 




04 

behind hand with others in conjecture, in the 
face of this assertion on an authority quoted by 
himself, thus places the order of Asserts prefer-* 
ment : '' Asser the monk of St. David's became 
first parish priest of St. Dewi, afterwards abbot 
of Ambrosbnry and Banwell, then bishop of 
Sherbomct and lastfy^ archbishop of Samt 
David V Old edit. vol. 1. p. 33& note col. b. 
art. Aysserius. 

We have already seen* that there are not 
wanting some who contend that Asser, bishop of 
Sherborne, was a different person from our Asser ; 
and on this ground-«4hat Matthewf of Westmin- 
ster, and Florentius!|; of Worcester, with whom 
WiUiam of Malmesbury § seems to concur, and 
others, who have partly written their histories 
out of their works, fix his death at the year 883^ 
unless indeed we admit that there were two 
Assers, and both bishops of Sherborne, which 
one would expect to find no writer hardy enough 
to maintain. I should therefore infer that those 
historians are in error as to this particular. Let 



* Walker noC ad Spelm. Vitam iBlfredi p. 146. Wise haa miaquoted it 
p.84fi. Hemie not. ad Spelm. ViL iBU: ^ 196. Uaier. Ind. ChiOMl. A»* 
S06. 

t P. 171. Anno 883. 

t P. 691. Anno 883. 
§ DegestbPont. p. 247. 



i 



&5 

ns examine further. Since our Asser has agfain 
and again spoken of his intimacy with the king, 
and here and there throughout the annals has 
related matters connected with the bishoprick of 
Sherborne, and even the death of Abtan,^ no 
one, will, I think, doubt that the author of the 
Annals, whom those very annals testify lived ten 
years after those events, was one and the same 
with that Asser, whom Alfred, in the preface to 
his translation of pope Gregory's '' Liber Pas- 
toralis Cur8e,^' caUs *' my bishop," and in his 
will, ** bishop of Sherborne/'f 

One thing is evident and incontrovertible, 

« 

that those writers, whose hypotheses require that 
Asserts death should be fixed at 883, are wrong, 
on whatever authority, subsequent to the period 
of Asser, they may rest. For Asser himself^ 
proves to us by his own assertions that he was 
living in 893— 4, Alfred was born anno 849, 
and Asser speaks of him thus, ** usque ad quad- 
nyerimum quintumf quern nunc agit**' 



* Aonalci 14 bls^l8-19. 

t See die wffl at the end of the Annalf of Alfrad. ed. Wiie. p. 78- ^^ Ininper 
ArdiieptMopo do 100 marcai : et Emo Epo, et Werfertho Epo, et Assero 
Epo de Schirebam cuilibct eorum 100 ooncedo marcas ad dandum et diitri- 
boendnm pro me et patre meo/ 



w 



t AnnalcS) p* S8. 

F 




66 

The period of Asserts death in variously 
signed. Some, as above, place it at 883 ; oth 
at 906 ; but it seems most probable that he \i\ 
till 909i The Saxon chronicle,^ which is alwi 
a year beforehand, says 010. The Anna 
Meneventtt also would favour 010, if Wii 
ingenious and very probable conjectural amei 
ment b^ allowed* 

In p^ 648 of the AnnaL Men« we read 
A/D. 841. Novis est episcopus Menevensis, 
873. Novis episcopus moritur. 
909. Asser episcopus Britanniea fit. 
Which last is evidently an anachronism, an^ 
palpable mistake. Wise attributes it to ( 
«rror of a transcriber^ and rectifies it as followi 
ftead A«D* 841. Novis est episcopus Meneveni 

873. Novis episcopus moritur. 
[il^ser efMcopm BritanmuB] fi 
909^ Asser episcopus Britanniee [moritm 
Browne Willis^f in his list of the archbishi 
of St. David's, has the following : 

"21. Novis. He was made archbishop 8^ 
ob! 8634 



• p. 102. 

+ Cathcdrals^undcr St. Daviirs. p. !*7. 
X Ang. J^ac. 2. r»41. 



67 

'' 22. litwall or Arthwall.'^' 
*' 2&« Assen He was a iandom writer, and 
appointad to thia aee (St. Darid'sy) 905, 
or as Wharton says, 000;t b^ Godwin 
Mtya ke died 90&| 
Wharton mnM be inoorfeet^ as in 010 arefah» 
bishop Plegmnnd connecraAed 7 new bishops 
iaio 4 Tacmnti and 3 newly ereeted sees^ axnoog 
whoas the prelate appointed to Sherborne, was 
not Asser, bai Werstan. He as well as the Writer 
of the Annales Menevenses, has confounded the 
date of his pr^/ennenl to the bi^oprick with that 
of his deaths 

Of the writings ascribed to him by Pitts, 
Bale, GaTO^ sniid others, none bnt the Annals are 
Usdne. 

Pitts,^ who says he was a monk of tfae 
order of Saint Benedict, ci^k him *< Yir felicis 
ingenii, mirae Bsodestise, ntultiplicis doctrinse, in- 
tegerrinuB Tit«/' H^ rightly places his death 
st»09. 



* Sans date. Willis states this on the authority of Le Neve. 

t Tfais aiSe W hate altmriy profdl inadmissible, wappaAa$ Wise*s 
tioii Yaiid. Ang. Sac p. 648. 



X De pnesul. p. G03. 
§ De Script, p. 171. 



P 2 




68 

Richardson observes* '' diem obitas non ante 
an. 909 ponendum esse constat/' Tbie con- 
troversy aboot this point is completely set at 
rest by WhartoBy Ang. Sacra, vol. 1. p. 554. 
For his arguments the reader is referred to the 
latin extract in the following pag«. / 

The barial place of Asser and bis royal 
patron are alike unknown. Crodwin says'titt 
former was buried in his cathedral at Sherbwne^ 
but for this he can bring no authority. 



I 



Previoudy to passing on to the next life in 
succession, the following observations may be 
thought worth perusal, as tending to set right 
the conflicting chronological statements respect- 
ing the events of thi» period. 

After the death of king Alfred, in the year 
909^ and the accessfOB of his son^ Edward the 
£lder, the pope, being informed that there was 
no bishop yi the western parts^ of England, in- 
terdicted both the king and the kingdom. 

But Plegtnund, archbishop of Canterbury, 
hastened to Rome, and informed the pope that 



* See alao Caius de Andq. Cant Acad. lib. 1. p. 218.— Vossius de His- 
torids Latinis. lib. 2. c 39, and especially Wharton. Ang. Sac. vol. 1. p. 654. 



60 

king Ekiward had in a iate synod,* held in 904, 
foonded some new, and supplied all the vacant 
biflhoprict, aind carrying with him hoMrifica 
wmmerm^ the pope turned his.cnrse into a blessingv 
and ratified their electipn. The newly created 
biflliopriGs at ihin council were those of Wells^ 
of €!rediton ia Devon, and St. Petrock-s, Comu 
wall, and about this time, br shortly afterwardii; 
we find the first bishop of Wiltshire or Wiltoit 
on record. It appears that Wells^ Exeter, and 
Wilton were all fixed «pon to be {bonded at the 
synod of 904, and wet^ taken oat of the more 
anient and extensive diocese of Sherborne. 

Wnters are sq lamentably at issue as to 
dates about Ais period, that there seems no pos- 
sibiUty of fixii^ any one with- any degree of 
c^ertainty. Malmesbury f says ** Anno quo a 
Bativitate Domini transacti sunt anni nongenti 
qoatoor, misit papa Formosus;]; in Angliam 
epistolas quibas dabat excommnnicationeni et 
maledictionem regi Edwardo et omnibus sub- 
jectis ejus &c. nam per septem annos pknos des- 



* Wnkam Cona. toL 1. p. 199. 
t la Tit. Edw. I. 2. c. 5. 

t RcetUu^ SeiBW* tcrtitu. Vid. Wilkins Con. 1. 19!>. noU. 



TO 

tituta fiierat episcopis otmiis regio Qewimxum 
est, West Saxonum.* 

<< Quo anditoy cangreggYit rex Bdwardoi 
Qodam tenatomm geutis An^oniiOt ciii preii 
hat Pleiorandus 'Archiepiaeopua Cantoariei 
9tc Tone vex et epiacopi elegerant el em 
tiaerttat gmgnkia episoopos ni^idb prdrin 
Qeriaomin et quod olioa duo haimerant in qi 

^^ Aeto dondlioV Arckieptaeopoi Roman c 
baaoriftcis DMttieiibds adttt, papam cam nm^ 
baaulitote placavit decretam regis reeitaTit q 
apostolieo maarime plaeuit. fiedieas in patti 
in orbe CSaatoarifa imo die septem episcapoii & 
tern eecleiiss <Nrdiiia?tt»t Fridestanom ad ] 
elesiaai WmtonieMeiii» Adelstwiim ad Oaf 
UeoB^iiH WkrstamumI ad fiekireborncei 
AtlielehnuBi ad WelleMeati^ EidiitAim ad C 
diemeai in Dev4Niia.-^ 

The rtatemeai of the vacancy of the sea 
Wast fiaxaiiy for seyea years is eatirdiy mn 
t 



* Acicoiriing lo tliii Ajkt could not hMW bwn U?iiig in iMa> bnt 
luTe died in W7* 

-f- The date of these consecnitions it if to be observed aie not ai 
There is nothing that requireB us to fix them at 904 or 6, or any period 
to U09, when AsMr died. 

t Woktanum, male, Godwin in £pd8 Cant p. 4U.— Wentan idea 
Epu8 Sarisb. p. SO^ 



71 

reel. Wbarloo* says, '^ Formosi papee epistolani 
iaprimis fictam esse constat-^dein qusB de sap^ 
UDoali Sedium Episcopalium in totA West 
SfMonift vacntioDe plane falsa sont^ Wintoniee 
enin DenewlfJms sedit ab anno 879 ad 009 tes* 
tiboa Florantio et Chronologia Saxonica et As^ 
smiM aedi Schireburnensi ab AUredo Rege pro^ 
positus ante annum 909 non obiit/' He pro- 
ceedsy '< Sane tam constans est traditio de 7 
Epiacc^ia nno die a Flegmando ordinatis ut ei 
fidem temere alN"<^^e noUem* In his desig* 
iaadia historico nostra reliqui omnes conveninnt. 
SVustvun id anno 909 foisse solus Dicetensisf 
Bamt ; fbrsitan et solus veritatem attigit ut sep* 
tarn £poa simid ul Flegmundo consecrates fuisse 
eoncedo et annum a Dicetensi positum non 
rejiciam. Si noyorum Episcopatuum Fraesules 
anno 904 consecrati fuerint ; septem simul £pis« 
co|^ consecrari non poterant : nondum enim Sedes 
Wintonienses et Scireburnenses vacftrunt. Sin 
aotem septem fuisse simul ordinatos statuatur; 
ordinatio anno 904 fieri non potui t ^ Hoc igitur 
modo rem conciliari et difficultates maximas 
eximi posse arbitror. 

Q;^ Edwardus Rex et Plegmundus Archie- 

• Ang. Sac Part 1. p. 554. 
^ In Abbrcv. Chron. p. 453. 




72 

piscopus communi consilio atqiie authoritate Sy- 
nodaniy anno 904 vel sequeuti, oo^erant: et 
ia eadem decreveruot ut tres novi Epwcopatos 
Id Westsaxonift institoerentur. Isti ex parochiis 
Episcoporum Wintoniensb et Sciraberaensis 
assumendi erant. Horam autem Episcopalus 
ipsis viventibus motilare iniquam diixeront; 
preesertim cum eorum uterqoe de Reg^e et re* 
publicA egregie meraisset. Rem itaque confi- 
ciendam decreverunt quam primum bos Epis*^ 
copos e vivis excedere contigeFit. Sic etiam 
olim Integra Westsaxonia^ quae ad Episcopi 
Wiirton : ditionem spectabat, post Heddse Epis- 
copi obitom aoDO 703 in duas dioceses divisa 
fuerat ; atque aliee parochiarum divisiones, sede 
episcopal! yacante, fieri solebant. Anno aotem 
909 commodum accidit quod uterque Epis^ 
copus tam Wintoniensis quam Scirebumensis 
obierunt Mercia itidem Australis in Edwardi 
ditionem anno 906 redacta, Episcopo carebat; 
quinetiam Suthsaxonia eodem tempore Pastore 
suo viduata. est. Tribus egitur novis Episco- 
patibns in Westsaxonia institutis et Episcopis ad 
quatuor antiquas sedes tunc vacantes a Rege 
nominatis, Plegmnndus septem simul Episcopos 
anno 909 consecravit/' 

The above extract I think will decide the 
three points ip doubt — \hL That Asse^ lived till 



73 

909— 2d. That Swithelm and £thelwald are to 
be rejected as coming between Asser nod Wer- 
rtaii ; and Sdly, that Werstan succeeded in 909. 
It 18 to be recollected that bishop Godwin 
Unuelf dovibts of Swithelm or' Sigeltn having 
been bishop,' as he attaches n6 number to his 
same. His order is, ** XI Asser. (Swithelmas 
alias Sigelmus) XII Ethel wald.** Adopting 
Wharton's chronology, it necessarily follbWs 
that Ethelwald (XII) can have no place. If 
Asser died in 909, and if Werstan was one of 
the 7 bishops consecrated by Plegtnund in that 
year; both of which facts are unquestionable, it 
follows that there can be no space for ^thel^ald, 
whose "episcopate depehds solely on the erro- 
neous date of 905. Historians doubt of both 
these bishops, the notices of whom I have sub- 
joined in a note** 



* L Of Swithelm :— Florentius wi^tes him Swithelm ; Midmetbury, 
Si^idm ; and Biompton, Swithefin. He travelled into India to the tomb of 
Sc Thomaa, the apoitle, and distributed alms among the poor there. He u 
said to have brought home many predous gems. See Rod, Died. p. 451. 
mIw Mk 887* j* Mabnabury de PotUi/i 2. 24B. Malmesbuiy adds, nt supra, 
that some of these jewels were to be seen in the monuments of the Church ii| 
fab time Cadhuc) Richardson sajs, p. 332 note, that Godwin places his oon- 
TT^tm at 883, but I do not find that Godwin gives any date whatever ; nor 
does he even name his consecration. He assigns him no numerical place, 
jhe Chnmolo^eal Tables at the end of Parker, he quotes, as pladng it at 884. 
Balph de Dketo places it (p. 451) at 887. The Continuator of Flor. Vlg. does 
not reckon him among the Bishops ; and from our note respecting the seven 
consecrations, it would appear that he never could have been Bishop of Sher- 
borne. — ^That he visited the tomb of St. Thomas there is little doubt. — Bu- 
channan, in his Researches, relates the important fact of his discovering a 
Church of Indian Christians founded by the Apostle Tlionias, still preserving 
the three apu^toUc orders of Buiho|>s, Priestd, and Deacons, in unintcnupted 




74 



XII. WERSTAN. 

SuccEssiT A. D. 909.i-i^— Obiit ante a. D. 018; 

He was killed in bi^ttle with ^3^ Diwea. 
Malmesbury ^ says ^^ Werstanum feruot in praelio 
contra Aoalafum a Rege Ethelstaoo susceptom 
a PagaDis trucidatum. Cum enim nt alias 
dictam est Rex consulto cessissit^ Episcopos ad 
bellum cam.suis veniens incantusque insidiarum 
pro viridantis campi eequore unde Rex abscisserat 
tabernaculam teteodit. Analafus qui pridie 
locum exploraverat noctu paratus adveniens qood 
repent incunctanter delevit/* 

His diocese comprehended only Dorset, 
Berks, and Wilts. In the same reign (Ed- 
ward) a bishop was appointed at Wilton, by 
name Ethelstan, who had his seat at Rams- 

bury.t 

Werstan occnrs as subscribing the Croydon 



II. Of Etiielwald. GodwiD njs he was one of the joimger Miit of 
Alfred, and educated at Oxford. He jdaces his death at 806. Thiskallthe 
mention he makes of him. Richardson has this note : ^*' Etiam de Ethelwaldo 
amhigitur. Divisioaem episoopatns fiurtam esse, AsBetio, son Ethelwaldo 
episoopante, cUirisnme constat, sea potuis Asserio modo defuncto : mihi igitur 
pUcet conjectura, (Swithehno et Ethelwaldo rejectis) fVersfa$tum Asterio 
successiue ct consecratum esse immediate post divisionem proTinci«. A®, 
scfl. 900.'' 

" Mahnesb. dc gest Pont lib. 11. 248. 

i lb. 



76 

charter in 966.* Quaere. I^ oot thai charter 
a monkish forgery ? Malmesbury places his 
death 48 yeaM priqr to that date. We know 
that he could not have been living thep from the 
dates furnished by other records, of other pre- 
lates. 



XIII. ETHELBA.LD. 

SuCCBSStT FORTASSB A. D. 918, ObiIT A. D. ... 

Nothing is recorded of this bishop. Wil- 
liam of Malmesburj^ barely notices his succes- 
sioo.f After Ethelbald he places Alfred, whom 
Godwin plaices neat but pne^ 



XIV. SIGELM. 

SuccEssiT A. D. • • ^ . O biit a. D, 934. 

The time of his succession is not stated by 
any of the ancient chronicles. He is wholly 
omitted by Malmesbury. But Godwin says 
that Floriligus records his being killed in battle 
with the Danes, A. D. 934. 



* Ingnlph. p. 45. 

t D€ gcsi. Ponlif. lib. 2. p. iM8. 




76 



XV. ALFBED. 

4StJCeBftsiT FoirrAieB A. D. 034,— ^Obiit A. Di Ml. 

The chronicles pass oyer in silence the date 
of Alfred's succession also. Matthew of West- 
minster places his death at 940, and Florentius 
at 941. Malmesbury inserts him after Bthe^- 
baldy and omits Sigelm. 



XVI. ALFWOLD. 

S4ICCESS1T INTER A. D. 9404)66— Obiit a. D. 978. ut Flor. Yig.^ 

In placing Alfwold and Ethelsius before 
Wnlfsinus, I have ventured to depart from the 
beaten path implicitly followed by preceding 
writers, who have not been at sufficient pains in 
comparing and verifying dates. In the article 
Wulfsinus, I trust I shall be able to shew rea- 
sons 'that will justify this liberty, and that there 
18 ho other way to reconcile the various ana- 
chronisms which would otherwise occur. 



* p. 3^ edit. Lond. 1592. This bishop's name is sometimet written 
Klfwold. The Hist. Abend. Coenob. apud Wharton. Ang. Sac. Part 1. p. 165 
records the burial of one iBthdwold in 960. ^^ Pontifieatfts culmen apud 
WUtonam (this must be a mistake for Scirebumafn) adeptus liiisset : advcni- 
jcnte sui ab hac vita evocatione Abbandoniam deportatus atque sepultus e&t 
anno ab incamatione ChrLit 9U0.** 



77 

Of bishop Alfvrold we know little more than 
the name. Eadmer, who wrote *^ Historiffi 
Novonun sive sui sseculi/'^ exhibits Alfwold as 
sabscribing himself ' Alfwold, Bishop* (without 
the same of the diocese) to a eharter granted by 
king Edgrar to the monastery of Winchenter, in 
the year 966. Florentius of Woreest^ places his 
death at 978,. and adds ** et ScylrebiirnA sepuV- 

tusest/'t ^ 



XVII. ETHELRIC. 



SvccESSiT POST A. D. 978— — Ob. A. D 



XVIII. ETHELSIUS. 

ScccESSiT A. D. • . . Ob. post. A. D. 991. 

Godwin tacet. Richardson in the note, 
p. 334, has these words, ** Ethelsius obiit annd 
980 et abendonise sepultus jacet.'* He gives aat 
his aathority ** Hist. Abend. Coenob.'* But after 
a careful reference to that history, which is 
printed in Wharton's Anglia Sacra^ part 1 • p. 163, 

* FoL Loud. 1623. p. 160. 
-f E<Uu Load. 1^92. p. 362. 




78 

I cannot find even the name of Elhelsins. There 
most therefore be some error. In the year cited^ 
D.CCCC.I.XXJC9 it appears that one iEtbehrold 
ITM baried at Abingdonf of whom it is said, 
^ F^mtificatdg cufanen apod Wiltonam adeptds 
est;** 

Leland makes Ethelsios livings in 9&1* 
^Mtssos ad Rie. Marciiionetn ut pacdm omn 
Ethelredo rege stabiliverit, CaL Mar. A. D* 
901/' Collectanea. 3. 404. If Leland be cor- 
rect, we cannot place Wulfsinus here before 091. 



XIX. WULFSINUS. 

SuccEssiT imrtk A. D» 901«— OM/-*-^^biit A. D. 

FORTA88E 1004. 

His name is written Wilfsinus by Malmes- 
)ipry^ AUsius by Florentius ; Ulsius by Matthew 
of Westminster ; and Ulsinus by Ing^lph. Cap- 
graye:t' joalls him a native of London. Dugdale]: 

* Qiu»e. Who is thb Eehelirdd, hp. at Wilton ? Then; was n Elf. 
wold, the last bp. of Sherboni, on whose death the diocese of WilU or Wilton 
Was formed ; bm he was not btehop of that diocese. 

-f- Legcnda fo. xcccxxxL 

t Monastic, vol. 1. p. 9. col. 1. 



79 

says he wns m benedtctine monk of Glastonbury ; 
and Fleet that he was a monk of Westminster.^ 

There is great perplexity respecting the 
dates of this bishop's saccession and death. By 
Dr. Richardson^ iii his edition of Godwin, it 
would appear, that his consecration was eight 
jeaTB siibaequent to his death ; and Godwin 
himaelf, by placing his death at 968, so confuses 
the whole of his chronology, as almost to set lA 
dsfiance every attempt at adjustment. 

He thus occurs in Matthew of Westminster rf 
<< Anno ^rratiae 968 defuncto Brithelmo Lend. 
Epo, rex Eadgarus in loco ejus beatom substitnit 
Dunstanum, qui protinus apud Westmonasterium 
constracto ad daodecim monachos c<enobio in 
loco ubi quondam Mellitus Epus B. Petro £c- 
clesiam^ febricaverat sanctum Ultium ibidem 
conjitituit Abbatem/* Dugdale records the very 
same fact, under the same year, 9d8.§ 

In Ingulphus he occurs as subscribing a char- 
ter of king Edgar in the year 906, in these words: 



* See Dart*8 Hist Westm. voL 2. p. vi. Lives of the Abbots, where Fleet 
IS <mot e u« 

t P. 196. aano 958. 

t l^dand Colkct. 3. 251. 

§ Ralph de Diceto gives 9G2 as the date of Wisius^s appointment to the 
\bbiC7 of Westminster. X Scriptorcs. p. iHTt. 




80 

" Ego Wulfsius Abbas S Petri Westmonaftterii 
extra London subnotavi/'* . 

: From this I would contend that he could not 
have been bishop before that daite (966), and 
consequently that he could not have died in 058. 
Had he been bishop antecedently to 966 doubt- 
less he would not have subscribed himself by 
his lesser dignity. Hutchins, the historian of 
Dorsettt would fix his consecration to Sherborne 
at 966 << at the earliest/* Now I think that 
would be too early, for he could hardly have 
been bishop while Alfwold was bishop j and 
Alfwold, according to Godwin^s own account 
on the authority of Flor. Yig. did not die till 97ft. 

The indefatigable and accurate bishop Tanner, 
speaking of Sherborne^ says, '* a bi$hoprJck 
was erected here by king Ina, about A. D. 705, 
and, here was. a house of secular canons as 
early as the bishoprick, if not before ; but 
A. D. 998, §Wulfsin, bishop of this see, by the 
consent of king Ethelred, changed these canons 
into benedictine monks, and built an abbey for 



* Hist. p. 44. L 11. edit. Ox. 1684. Richardson quotes f. 501. b. 
t Hist. Dors. 2. p. 373. col. 1. 

X Not Men. Dorset xx?. Shirebum. See also Heame in Ldand Itin. 
ToL 2. p. 79. or folio 49. 

§Ib. 



81 

them,* whose revenues were confirmed by pope 
Eugenius/* &c. How, then, can Godwin place 
Wulfsin> death at 058? Add to the foregoing, 
that Hearne expressly says^ ** in this Godwin is 
to be corrected ; that he makes him to have died 
in 9589 whereas it is very probable he did not 
enter opon his bishoprick till some years after 
that time; since, according to the charter, he 
most have been living in the year 098/* 

The precise year of his succession, how long 
he sat, and when he died, historians are not 
Agreed. If the constitutions for ordaining monks,, 
written by him by command of Ethelred, in the 
Cotton Library, be genuine, and if Tanner be. 
correct, it Mill be established that he was living 
and bishop in 998. Fleet fixes his death at 
1004, with which Dart, in his Westmonasterium, 
also ag^rees. 

But, on the other hand, if he lived to this 
period, what would then become of the seven 
bishops whom Godwin places as his successors 
from the year 958 ? Their names are Alfwold, 
£tbelric, Ethelsius^ Brithwin, Elmer, Birnwin^ 



* Thougfa there is no dispute u to the date that Tanner assigns for this 
fiwndation, yet we must obsenre that his editor, Nasmith, corrects him as lo 
the pitrpote of the foundation. The Utter says it was only a priory^ till 
Iwhop Hmispt united it to the abbey of Horton. See M<m. Aug* torn I. p. fi3t 
tad Tanner Not, Moh, art. Sherborne. 

G 




82 

and Ethelwold. Eadmer,* as we have already 
observed, adduces Alfwold as subscribing < bishop* 
to a charter of Edgar in 966. Now if Sher- 
borne had been his diocese, about which no one 
ever raised a doubt, how would that date agree 
with Wulfsinus being bishop in that year, as 
Hutchins supposes? There is nothing to warrant 
the idea of their having both been bishops in the 
same year ; and, besides, Florentius tells us that 
Alfwold lived till 978.t 

If with Godwin we admit him to have suc- 
ceeded on bishop Alfred's death in 940, and to 
have died 958, what will become of the records 
and charters that bear his signature posterior to 
that period ? Are they to be deemed forgeries ? 
and are we also to suppose that Dunstan ap- 
pointed him abbot of Westminster, when he was 
already bishop of Sherborne ? And again, if he 
tras bishop of Sherborne in 966, would he then 
have subscribed himself " Abbot of Westmin- 
ster?** 

We have bishop Alfwold signing * bishop* 
in 966, We have also Wulfsin signing only as 
abbot in the same year. We have Alfwold's 
death fixed by Florentius at 978 j and relying on 

• Hist. Novel, fol. Lond. 1623. p. 160. 
t Edit Lond. 1592. p. 362. 



88 

the constitutions referred to, as wel^ as Tannfr, 
we may safely assert that Wulfsin did noPcfie 
before 998. How much longer he survived ifi 
anotli^r question. His successiop may be placed 
at 978, ap4 his death, with Fleet, &c. at 1004» 
To plac^ Alfwold and Ethelsios ^/ier him, 
seems to me a direct violation of chronolc^y. 

Matthew of Westminster,^ and Capgpraye,f 
relate, that this prelate at his death exclauq^ 
like the proto-martyr, Stephen, ** I see the hea- 
vens opened, and Jesus standing at the right 
hand of God/* ^\ke latter also records some 
mirades. 

Afker the example of his patron he is said t6 
have ejected the secular priests| from the church 
of Sherborne, and brought in monks by charter 
of Ethelred, in 998, on which account he is a 
great favorite of our monastic writors, aqd 
highly extolled by Malmesbury, ** iho\ '* as 
Hntchins says,§ he could not prevail on the 
monks to let him appoint an abbot over thenu 
Now Hutchins's use of the word <^ tho\ '' im- 
plies detraction, and would convey the iflef of a 

* De Pondf. p. 34& 

t Lcgenda. toLcccxxxi. 

: Ld. Collect 2. 251. 

S Hkt Dorset 2. 373w 

G 2 




84 

refractory spirit in the monks; but the very con- 
trary, I apprehend, ought to have been ex- 
pressed. This refusal, as in Aldhelm's case, no 
doubt was meant as a compliment. Malmes- 
bury* says their reason was, " quod ejus dulci 
dominatione dum adviverent carei-e nequirent/* 
In Malmcsbury's time, bishop Wulfsin*8 staffs 
and other pontifical insignia^ were preserved at 
Sherborne. 



XX. BRITHWIN. 

SUCCESSITPORTASSB CIR. A. D. 1004. NGN ANTE 9&8, 

Obiit 1009. 

Of the four bishops ^ho fdllowed after the 
death of Wulfsin, whenever that event might 
have taken place, Kttle or nothing is known be- 
yond their bare nalbes (^^ praeter nuda nomina"') 
viz. XX. Brithwiil', or Brithric, who died 1009, 
-as Richardson, on the authority of Matthew of 
Westminster, states, t^ithout citing the passage. 
XXI. Elmer. XXII. Brinwin, alias Brithwyn. 
And XXIII. Elfwold. It is certain that all 
these flourished before 1058, but their respective 
periods can not be ascertained through the dis-' 
crepancy of the Monkish writers. 



* De PoDttf. lib. 2. p. 24a 



85 



XXI. ELMER. 

Swc^ssiT A. D# 1912-^ref^ii^^ Obiit A.P. 



His name only is recorded by Godwin^ and 
that MM tiate. He was elected abbot of St. 
Augustine^s at Canterbury, in 1006, receiving the 
benediction^ of archbishopAlfiric, at thehi^altar^ 
He was made bishop of Sherborne, as Thome 
says, in 1022,t [1012,] but falling blind some 
years afterwards, resigned his bishoprick, and 
retired to his monastery, where he died and was 
bnried over against the altar of St. John. The 
chronicle of Gotselineij: says \ie was advapced to 
this see in 101 7. Thome§ adds, that though 
his sanctity was indisputable, and a blaze of 
light frequently shone near his tomb, the monks 
dared not celebrate m^ss in his honor without 
authority from the pope, The san^e writer has 
also recorded the foUowipg amusing miracle of 
this prelate. One day when his servant had 



* W. Thome Chron. de leb. gest Abbatum S. AtigusUni CuitnarUB. 
X ScripCoKs p. 1781. 



t Thk if no doabt a muprint in 1013; fiyr 1032 would leave an (uatiia of 
13 yem between him and his ptedeoemr aillhwin, who we know died IOOOl 

t Lib. 11. cap. 1. 

§ Utsap. 




86 

gone to the kitchen to bring him his usual sup- 
ply of meaty a hawk snhtched it off the plate and 
flew away with it; whereupon, the holy man, 
balked of his dinner, andj (like the Jew when 
disturbed at his bacon by a clap of thunder), 
attributing the unseasonable visitation to the 
fiiiger of God, made a solemn vow never to eat 
flesh agnin, carefully however inserting this salvo 
into his address to heaven, unless the Almighty 
would vouclisafe to grant him a sign to the con- 
trary, by permitting the hawk to return the pro- 
visions, which, strange to tell, was actually done 
by the rapacious bird on the servant's return to 
the kitchen : and the saint enjoyed his dinner of 
meat that day, and, as far as we know, for the 
future without further molestation. Thome calls 
him " vir magnae sanctitatis/'* 

filmer was succeeded by XXII. Brith- 
WIN the SECOND, or Brinwin, whose succes- 
sion alone is noticed by Malmesbury.f He 
does not occur in the Fhres Hislariarum. Flo- 
rentius inserts his name in his list, p. 684, as 



* Weaver, Funer. Monum. p. 253, thus speaks of him, ** Wulfiike Elmer, 
a man of great holinesse [was] from hence [St. Austin's] adyanced to tlie 
bUihbpricke of Sherborne, and after some jears {no date] falling blinde gave 
over that government, returned to this abbej, wherein all the rest of his dayes 
be led a private life.**— -Where Weaver discovered that he was called Wulfidke 
we know not. 

t De geiit. Pont p. 248. 



i 



S7 

Birhtwin. He was succeeded by XXUI, Au** 
woisO the SECOND, or Eurwouo,* whom 
Malmesbary t calls the brother of his predeces- 
sor, and a monk of Winchester. He was 
faoKliis for his temperance in a laxurioos and 
glattonoos age. Q* Inter profhssimos convivi*- 
arum apparatus/* Malmesbory.) Our author 
relates the dreailful effects of Elfwold's corse 
denounced against Earl Godwin, with whom he 
had had a dispute ; and his extraordinary affec* 
tion for St. Cothbert ('^ cui fuisset prona obse- 
quela devotus,'') whose shrine at Durham he 
▼isited, and was indulged with familiar converse 
with the departed saint4 The same historian 
relates, en the authority of an old monk of un* 
doubted veracity^ who used to tell these and other 
tales of bishop Elmer with a melancholy plea- 
sure, ('< lacrimabili gaudio/') that his chair 
possessed a wonderful and unique faculty — ^for 
whoever dared to violate that sacred seat by 
slumbering in it, was invariably punished for 
his temerity and profaneness, by being roused 



•rr^ 



" Sic Fkncnt Fkr. Hist p. 684 

t Oe I^tif. lib. 11. ut nip.—'* AlfWold ftaler ejus iBikiwini idL] ex 
u^mm^ti^ Wint. Ep. qui •pod Scfaireliuniaiii imagiiiem BanctJMJmi SwUhnni 
colk»i?ii» fiuem venenbilis otulit." p. 448* 

X *'*' Kevulso wpukri opcrculo com co q^uui cum •mioo fideliter ooDo- 
qntitiu.*' 




88 

from his repose by the most terrific and ap-» 
palling visions. This prelate died in, op prior 
to, 1058. 

After his decease, the sees of Wiltshire (or 
Wilton* as it is commonly called) and Sher- 
borne, which had been separated 138 years, were 
re-united through tire means of Herman, last 
bishop of Wilts. 

The names of the ninef bishops of Wiltshire, 
pf whom we shall next treat, were 

Ethalstan. 

Odo, called Sevenis, translated to Oanr 
terbury. 

Osalph. 

Alfstan, 

Wolfgan 

0iric. 

Alfric. 

Brlthwold. 

Herman. First Bishop of Sarum. 



^ See Lelsnd*s CollcctaaeA. 2, 251. with his remark already quoted, pie^ 
feniDg Wiltihire to Wilton as the name of the diocese. 



t Flor. Yig. p. 556. Lond. 1592, calls the hishope of Wilts or Wilton, 
bishops of Sunning. He gi? es eleven, but this is incorrect He thus names 
fhem i—iGthelstan, Odo, Osulf, Alfstan, Alfgar [or Wolfgar], Sigiric [or 
Sine], Alfric, Brihtwold, Herman, Osmund, and Ro^^; which three last 
could only be said to be bishops either of Sunning or Wilton, as a part 90^* 
^ined under the whole. 



89 

Bishop Tanner* can not ^^ account for ever 
placing these bitihops at Sunning* near Reading^ 
because! Berks still remained under the jurisdie* 
tion of the bishop of Sherborne/' The same 
writer puts down Ramsbury as a bishoprick^ 
^ To the five new bishopricks erected in the 
kingdom of West Saxony, in 906, or, as Whar* 
ton more properly says, 909, there was added H 
few years after, a sixth, viz. Wiltshire, whose, 
bishops had their seat at i^amsbory, but here 
being no chapter of clerks, nor any thing to 
maintain the same, bishop Herman, in 1055^ 
attempted to remove to Malmesbury abbey, and 
to make that his cathedral, but could not effect 
it. About 1060 this diocese was rerunited to 
Sherborne, which the same bishop, soon after 
1072, got translated to Old Sarum.*' Aftier this 
re-union, the see began to be called by the name 
Saroip. 

Lelandf says of the nine bishops of Wilt- 
shire — *^ These all had their palace at Sunning 
38 well as Herman.'* But, quaere. 

We know E registro Epi Martival, 9 Edw. 
II. that they had a seat at Ramsbury, as the 
following passage therefrom will shew. — A pro- 

* Not Mooasu Wilts, uvili. Salisbury, 
t CoOcctl. Pait^ P.31& 




90 

cess of greater excommunication issued ajrainsl 
Henry Sturmi,^ and others,t for breaking the 
bishop's park at Ramsbury, for which they sub- 
mitted, and engaged to make restitution and do 
penance. 

The restilution was, to put into the park 4 
datni and 8 damsei and to pay, by instalments, 
12 barrels of wine. 

The pemmce was, ** that they should go 
round the market-place of Marlborough, on two 
difierent market days, naked to their shirts and 
breeches, and the vicar of Marlborough, or some 
other clerk, to whip them, according to castoia 
in such cases; and lafterwards in solemn proces- 
sion at Salisbury to present a wax taper each at 
tbe tomb of 8imon, late bishop of Sarum ;'' on 
which condition the sentence was taken off. 



■i^Bikl 



* The Stunny or Estunny famOy ww Tery andent, and they were Lords 
of Ssvcrnake foreti^ near Marlbonm^ 

f The nmaet of flie other offenders were : Peter Wictenie-^piicalor, 
Walter de Whitsande de Hincton, Thomas de Pothale, Hen. de Crete, Johes 
fil Radulphi de Mideltone, Adam Haiwarde atteGrore, WiUm. Cocut, Ries. 
de Boaere, Wills. Robard dc Borebacke (Burbage.) 



01 



OF THE BISHOPS 

OF 

WILTSHIRE, OR WILTON.* 



1. Ethslstan, a. D. 020, whom hiAof 
Godwint calls <* Wiltoiiieibsis Camitaius EpiKiw 
poSy** sncceeded at the dismemberment of tiie 
diocese of Sherborne, and presided over this 
dwauula, if we may be allowed the expression, 
till tiie period of bis death, but when that hap- 
pened we aire not itiformed. Kittg Ethelstail» 
who raccec^ed to the crown in 027, shortly iMer 
his accession, appointed 

2. Obo ; whom Broknpton| calls of Danish 
origin, though he was borti, according to CU>d«- 
win,§ among the East Angles. He is said to 
bare been of illustrious descent. His life has 



" ^Alfvo]domortiiooena?itnoiiicnRpI.WiUimc&: L e. BameAiiienNi 
tcni^ Bdw. ConfeM. Ldaad Qdlect S. 8«L 

i* De PmbsuL ap. Buimsdmmi^ fiOt 

t X Sai|». p. 838. L M. for Wyntooientei there, md Wflt a ni c i Mei. 



S Ut tap. & Eng. edit 1801. p. 18. Bp. Godwia, in hb Engfidi edition 
ImC qnoted, page 19, says, that ^^ Athelstan preferred him to the faiibopridie 
ef Wiltshire (the see whereof was seated at Ramsbury) in the yeere 990.'' This 
B an anacfaronisni. The division of the diocese only took phce that year, and 
thcR had been one bishop before him. Beadea fithelstan did not mooeed to 
thethiiaiietiU9379 when Edward died. 




92 

been written at some length in lutiu by Osbeni, 
and is printed in Wharton's Anglia Sacra, part 
g. p. 78 — 87. That writer has fallen into an 
error by not attending to the dismemberment of 
the diocese of Sherborne. He makes Odo to 
have been bishop of Sherborn^ instead of Wilts, 
(p. 80.) *^ Inter hsec sedes episcopalis quse tunc 
temporis Scireburnae, nunc autem Sarisburiae est, 
pastore viduata est. . ^ . ^ . . • Pontificale 
officium in praefata Scirebunensi Ecclesia Pon- 
tifex factus administrare consentit.'* 

The following extracts from the life by the 
Rev. Dr. Harris, the historian of Kent, which 
embodies all the important points of Osborne's 
tedious detail, may, perhaps, be more interesting 
to the general reader than a rescript of the 
latter's monkish latin. 

The parents of Odo ** disinherited him be^ 
cause he would turn Christian.'' On this he got 
into the service of one Athelm, a nobleman in 
the English court, who sent him to the schools, 
and got him baptized^ and ordained, and carried 
him with him to Rome. Some write thi^t after 
this he served king Edward in his wars, but 
others, that it was before he took orders. 



* Osborn has very nearly cxprebsed Odo*8 baptisui and ordination in these 
woxdti :— >''^ Sacramento bapli^inatui rcnatus, ct dcricali tonsura dcoonlus.*' 



93 



He was ait fimt only a secular priest, and its 
such was made bishop of Sherborne,* but on hia 
election for Canterbury, A. D. 941, he could 
not obtain his pallf till he entered into the state 



* Hm Dr. IIa»ii hat fidlen into 08boni*stfRor already noticed^ 

i* Aa te Raffia more than onee locDtiGoed Ib theta *^ Utcs of the biihopa if 
SaI^^l^**a^^d^U meaning M not geneiaUyundanrtood^ I hare thoti^tU not an^ 
toaoBoaijpttiydia word with a brief eaplanatioii. ThepaU^aoeaDedftom^aAE, 
aalolo, or nantle, (pallan dgrna aiuoqne rigentem, JBn. I. L ff48 &7U. and 
again, poDalnque et pletum crooeo ? damen acantliO), is m pontifical totmen^ 
«UehPaIkE,]nlii8CAairc&.0l«<ory,bk.iL p. 71- % Sa saya, ** is conadcv- 
abkfiv the matter making and mystenes thereof. For the matter:— it is made 
of laBBb*s wool and soperstitnL I sajr of lamb's wodU as it oomcs ftom the 
dieep*a back, without any other artificial colour, spun, say some, by apeenliar 
oiicr of Buas first east into tlie tomb of Sl P^ks t taken ftom his body, mj 
odHTS, Cnrdy most sacred, if from boli^,) and snpersdtioady adorned widi 
filde Uadk CRMMs. Forthe farm ihcreof:--the breadth eteeededMt 3 fingitfi 
(eoe of onr Bachelor's lamb-okin hoods in Cambridge would make three of 
Asm), hanng S labds hanging down, before and bdiiiid, which the Areb- 
bUiopo oalyf iHien going U> the altar, put i|bout their necks above their other 
psotifical ornaments. Three mysteries were coached therein : 1st, Humility, 
wlneii beantiiies the detgy abote aU thcb costly copes; Sdly, Innocency, to 
lamb-like simplicity ; and 3dly, Industry, to follow Mm who letdied 

wandering dieep home on hk shoulders. But to speak plainly, tlie mys- 
loy of mysteries in this pidl was, that the Ardibishops* reoeiying it shewed 
dierrin their dependence on Rome, and a mote in tbii matter, eeremoniouilj 
takau was a sufficient acknowledgment of their subjection." — Poller might 
have added, that the wool was procured from lambs offered at St. Agnes*s altar. 
See Wheatfy on the Comnum Prayer^ Edit, Clarcnd, Pitu^ 1810. 8« ;i. 68. 
Tliese palla were purdiased at an enomums price of the Pope by the Arch- 
bishops, who, without them, were not permitted to exercise any metropoHtical 
joisdictiaii. There are also two odier palls still used in the Chuzdv-die 
paBm atarit^ and the palta corporis. The former is the '* fiur white linsn 
dofii^ widi which the altar is ccvered at the celebratkm of the Lord's aspper ; 
die latter, the doth thrown over the consecrated elements, and represents the 
body of our Saviour being wrapped in fine linen by Joseph of Arimathea. 
fTheatfy^ p.p, 268. 814. ed, ut tup, — It b not unworthy of remark, that the 
pan, a %nre like the Greek upsUon, is, to this day, the armorial ensign of 
the ardibishops of Canterbury, Armagh, and Dublin. — The last is difluerenced 
by having the pall surmounted with 5 crosses-formy-fitchy, instead of 4. See 
Ponqf*t HeraUtry^ 6 edit Lond. 1795. In the dictionary of technical terms 
(art. Pkll), ooL 2. 3d line ftom the bottom, for pattee, read fbrmy-fitdiy.^ 
The dnpe and position of the pall on the human body is evidently allusive to 
ihe'"' Yoke*" of Christ 




94 

of monkery ; but after he received the qualifying 
habit from the abbot of Fleury in France, he 
obtained his pail, and all was well. Osborne, in 
his life, says he refused the primacy because he 
was no monk, alleging that all archbishops be- 
fore him had been such; but Godwin says he 
was mistaken in that, [Nothelm and two or three 
others before him, having been only secular 
priests.] Thus early did the Church of Rome 
fall into the policy of confining the great eccle- 
siastical preferments to such priests as were 
under a vow of celibacy; for by this means they 
became in a great manner independent on the 
jBtate; where they could have no such sacred 
pledges as wives and children to engage them 
against enslaving it to a foreign and arbitrary 
jurisdiction, and kings were so blind and bi- 
gotted as not to foresee the mischief that must 



** No man,*' says Gwillim, '^ ought to lend this Pall to any other, bnt 
flontrariwise, the same to be buried with the possessor or owner.'* VoL 1. 
^988. 

Cressy thus speaks of the Pall, (p. 972) : '^ It was at first txulfjn mantle 
or upper resture worn by the Roman Emperors, and by Constantinepennitted 
as an honor to the Pope, and by him communicated to the other patriarchs ; 
and in this form it continued in the eastern parts ; whereas at Rome and in 
tlie west, this title is given to a small poition, as aj^pendiz to the first pa ll ium, 
being according to the description of it by pope Innocent III. a certain wreadi 
(as it were the collar of an order) of about 3 fingers breadth, encompassing the 
neck; ftom wliich descend 2 labels, before and behind. On the circle are 
interwoven 4 purple crosses, and on each label one : and it is fastened to the 
upper garment with 3 golden pins/* See archbishop Baldwin*s Itinerary 
transited by Sir Richard C. Hoare, Bart. Lond. 1804. 4to. vol. ii. p. 3. 



05 

ensae both to themselves and to their subjects 
from thence.** 

" Some say that he had good military talents, 
for he was thrice in the field after he was a 
bishop, and did good service there to his prince ; 
but Osborne says it was by his prayers only. 
Some make him to have been bishop of Wilt- 
shire,* whose see was placed at Ramsbury, and 
others have given him Winchester/*t (Stephen 
BirchimfUm.) 

A. D. 944, he is said to have held a council, 
and made many canons and decrees. 

A.D. 948, a council was held in London 
under king Edred, where Odo and the arch- 
bishop of York were both present, j: He is said 
' to have excommunicated king Edwy, a great 
hater of monkery, and to have produced a di- 
vorce between him and his kinswoman and 
beloved wife, or concubine, as some, Algiva, or 
Athelgiva, and his power being as great as his se- 
verity, he caused her to be dragged out of the 
court by armed men, contrary to the king*s 
command, using her with barbarity, and burning 
her with red hot irons to destroy the great beauty 

t MaU, 

t Ingulph. P. M. 497. 




96 

which had so captivated tl)e king; nnj, cutting 
her hamstrings,^ and then banishing her into 
Ireland. Though some say he hamstrung her 
when she came back, and as she was going to 
the king. Hence arose^ as is supposed, hisi 
epithet of Severus. 

The poor king, being thus at the mercy of 
tn insolent prelate, lived two years excommu-' 
picated, and then was deposed, and died ex- 
communicated. 

Other of our historians give a juster and 
better account of this king,t but Malmesbury, 
who tells. this story of him, could never fpi^ive 
him for turning the monks out of Malmesbury 
Monastery, and making it, as he calls it, a stable 
of secular clerks. 

Osborne says, there were some wicked clerks 
in Odo^s time, who asserted that Christ^s real 



* In the Fragmenta Antiq. p. 660 we are told it was a custom in Enffland 
*^ Merelricetf et iraimdicas mulierea subocrvare ;** i. e. to cut the m^M q£ 
their legs and tiiighs,— or to hamstring them. See also Jaoob*s Law Die-' 
tSonary, article, Sabnervare. . 

-f King Edwy*ii oondact, doubtless, deserves severe censure ; but from Dr. 
Harrises mode of expression, it would appear as if ail the blame in this aflair 
laid with £dwy. Now I conceive that it is Ode's conduct, far more than thfc 
king*s, that requires palliation ; aiid herein we are to make due allowances 
for the then barbarity of the penal cede resulting from the unenlightened spirit 
of that period ; and we arc to bear in mind that the temper of that man must 
paruke of more than human excellence, that can, at all times, restrain'within 
its legitimate boundaries, that arbitrary domination OYer tlie minds and the 
persons of kings, no less than of subjects, with which it was tlicn t&e policjr 
of the Roman Catholic religion to clothe her ecclesiastics^ 



k 



97 

body find blood was not in the consecrated wafer : 
bat tbat Odo convinced them by shewing them 
one that shed drops of blood, which miracle he 
had obtained of God in his prayers ; and a good 
deal of such stuff you may find in that author. 
Anglia Sacm, vol. 2. p. 78.* 

957 a council was held at Branford (Brent* 
ford) in Middlesex, under king Edgar, where 
king Edwy*s decrees were abolished, Dnnstan 
ordered to be called out of banishment, and many 
thingfs done for the benefit of the church. 

958, or thereabouts, he died, and was buried 
in the cathedral in a chapel at the E. end of the 
church behind the altar. But 5 years after, this 
choir being burnt down, in 1174 the monks re-* 
moved his corpse, and placed it under Dunstan*s 
in ihe nave of the church by the high altar. 



* This nunde it to be foond mt p. 82. The reader will scarcely bdiete 
Ikai al thii is Che laTcntkm of Osbom. Osbom was the dependant of arch* 
hUbop Lanfranc, ao Italian, who was anxious to introduce into England th« 
teteiDeofliaiisobslantiadon, hitherto tmknown there; and in oiderto jilease 
Ih patnau OriMim interpolates this miraculous account into the life of Odo^ 
who, unless he differed ^om the whole of the Anglo-Saxon Church, believed 
that the dements, after consecration, remained in their natural slate. The 
ioetHne was maintained by Paschase Radbert in the 9th century, before it 
ym iqaiy established. The first pubtic assertion of it was at the Sd Latcfaa 
in 1215. It was brought into England in the middle of the llth 
bjT Lanfranc, but the term ^^ transubstantiation*' was not known till 
<be 13di oentmy, when it was intented by Stephen, bishop of Autun.— See 
the valiiable and instructive work of the present bishop of Winchester iSir 
Geotse Tomfine, Bart) entitled ^* Elements of Chrittian Theologyy^ edit. 
nUL voL2.p.4a^QHthe xxviiith Article. 

H 




08 

He was a g^eat benefactor to i^anterbury 
cathedral ; for Osborn, ia his life^ says he took 
down the roof and rebuilt it. 

Bede says that Odo wrote several books botji 
in verse aqd prose.^' -^Histoty qf Kent hjf, fUu^ 
John Harris, D. D. foLLond. 1717. /k 610. , 

Osbori]^ Ang* Sacr. ^v p« 85, tell^ ns that 
the ghost of Odo appeared to his successoir *^^ 
th? ^rchiepiscopal throne, and forewarned hofk 
of his approaching fate, for having '' spurned at 
his tomb flespitefully.". El^nus, bishop of Wior 
\f^ >f ho had,, by ^prrupjt means, obtained his 
i^loc^ion to/^anterbifry, died pf excessive col4 
while passing t^e J^lps iA order to obtain. \m 
pall.'*'— See G^o^lff^iiii ^^o. Edit. 1601. p. 590. iiit^ 
4rpos. Gaut. 

3. QsujiF. Succeeded probably in 041. 
Godwin says he died 970, and that he was buried 
at Wilton, but gives no authority. 

4. Alfstaj^, or Rlstan, whom Godwin 
calls abbot of Abingdon, but his name does not 
occur in the list. The name of Ethelwold occurs. 
The latter is said to have died in 980, which 
nearly agrees with the date ascribed by Godwin 
to Alfstan, yiz. 981. They are probably one and 
the same person. He was buried at Abingdon. 



* VmI. note p. 93 sq/i of this work. 



09 

6. WoU*ClAR. Succeeded in 981 as Flo- 
fentiosy but Mahnesbory and Floiilegus inter- 
change tbese two last. 

6. SiRic had been a monk of Glastonbury, 
then tfarough the favor of St. Dunstan, abbot 
of St Aogustin'Sy Canterbury, and afterwards 
bidiop of Wiltshire. He was translated in 989 
to Canterbury, died in 994, and was there buried. 
Wharton in his Anglia Sacra, vol. 1. p. 105, has 
die fcdlowing* notice of him : '^ Siricius a sede 
Wiltoniensi ad Cantuariensem translatus est anno 
989. Ita Simeon Dunelmensis et Willelmus 
Thorn qui^de Wintonia translatum male scribit. 
Soccessit anno 990 inquit Florentius et West- 
monasteriensis. Addit iste obiesse eundem anno 
1006. Sedit annos 5 ex aliorum omnium sen- 
tentia atque anno 994 obiisse recte ponitur a 
Chronologia Saxonica, p. 561, & Ranulpho de 
Diceto Abbrev. Chron. p. 461. Obiisse tamen 
anno 995 dicitur a Florentio Wig".' Diem obitos 
dedft Obituarium Cantuariense, sc. v. Cal. Nov." 

Harris* observes of this prelate, " I think 
there is Kttle remains of him in our histories but 
the cowardly advice he gave king Ethelred, 
which was to bribe the Danes from over-running 



Hitt. Kent int Arcbpos Cant. 

H2 







the coantry by the sum of * 10,0901. and to in* 
fluence them to quit the coasts, 'which oidy 
quieted those ravenous pirates for about a yeat ; 
after which time they came again, and w^e as 
outrageous as ever ; for once finding that large 
sums of money were to be obtained this way 
during the reign of a weak and ill advised prince, 
they insulted with the greater rage and fury. 
He died 994, and was buried in the tindercrbft 
of this cathedral, by the altar of St. Faulinus, 
under the south wing of the uppermost cross 
aisle.'' 

7. Alfric or Aluriciits. A monk of 
Glastonbury, succeeded to the see of Wilts 989, 
and, as well as his predecessor, was thence trans* 
lated to Canterbury, to which latter he was 
consecrated in 996, as I>unelm, Wigorn, and 
Mailros. Obiit 1006, as Dunelm, Mailros, 
Wigorn, and Hoveden, p. 246 ; but the Saxon 
Chronicle antedates that event one year. God- 
win erroneously says,t that Malmesbury does 
not mention him; but that writer has these 
words in his work de gest. Pontif. lib. 11. f. 142 : 



* WeaTer Fmnenl Monaments, p. 2oS. records Ihe lame dic ua w ta nccn, 
bat mentions 16,00(M. He says ^e waf ^ a monk of Glastonbury, then abbot 
of this Monasteiie (SL Au8tin*s), and from thence preferred to the biAopricke 
«r Wiltshire, and thence removed to this primatship of Canterbury—a 
much blamed,*' &c. 

t De Ptm. ap. Rsdi. p. 51^ 



101 

*< 5 tu8 Blstanusj 6 tas Siricins. 7 mas Alfricus 
qai ambo at superias memoratam est Archie- 
piscopi laerant Gantaarieases/* Godwin says 
he was buried at Abingdon^ and that his bones 
were afterwards removed to Canterbnry Cathe- 
dral. 

8. Brithwoi^d, a monk of Glastonbury, 
sacceededy according* to the Saxon Chronicle, 
in the year 1006. He was a great benefactor 
to the monasteries of Glastoubary and Malmes- 
bory. 

0. Hjbrman. 




lOS 



. V 



t t 



BISHOPS OF OLD SARUftl. 



I. HERMAN. 

SucGBSSiT A. D. 1058. Obiit A. D. 1078» 

We now proceed to Hermax,* the 9th and 
last of the bishops of Wiltshire, and the first of 
the re-united dioceses of Sherborne and Wilts, 
thenceforward known by the name of Salisbury. 
Bromptobf says he was a native of Flanders, 
and Simon of Durham,;]: of Lorrain, and that he 
was chaplain to Edward the Confessor. Anno 
1045, as Durham records,§ he succeeded Brith- 
wold in the bishoprick of Wilts. On a vacancy 
of the abbey of Malmesbury,|| ^* angustia rerum 



* The word Herman means one who is conspicuous. Hare and Ilcre 
Bgnify both an army and a lord. So Harold is a general of aii army. Hare- 
man a chief man in the army. Herbert famous in the army, &c. 

-f **" Natione Flandrensis." ap. x Scr. p. 946. 

t ^' De Lotharin^ oriundus.'* ap. x Scri. p. 182. Sec Leland CoU. 2. 
301. 

§Ib. 

II Leland says, ^^ Campanile Maildulphesbrt: suis sumptibus construxit 
A. D. 1057.*' Collectanea. 2. 301. 



108 

taediatos/' as BrcmiptofI* has it, he .|>eiitioned^ 
king EdwaMi to have the see transferred thither. 
This the inoonsidentte monarch, as Malmesbury. 
saysyf readily granted, bat the monks interesting, 
earl Godwin in their. behalf, and shewing to the 
EJng the injustice of such a step, obtained a 
reversal of the permission. Westminster;]; says, 
'^ rex concedere noluit ;" bnt this must be re* 
ferred to his subsequent conduct.^ Upon this 
disappointment Herman retired into France, 
<< repolsani ferens aegerrime, relicto Episcopatu 
indignabundtts," II &c. and became a monk at 
Bertin in 1055, where he staid three years,^ 
bat on the death of Elf wold, the last bishop of 
Sherborne, he returned home, and was made 
bishop of that see in 1058,** which, in the in- 
terval it seems, bad been governedff by Aldred, 



* Ap. z 8cr. p. 946. '' Hermannus Flandrcnsis causatus penurioni 
Bamesbiiue Meldunum in sedem £piscopalem pedu** Ldand Collect 2. 251. 

t Oe Pondf. lib. 11. p. 250. 

t P. 216. 

§ Leiand observes, *'*' petiit a rege sedcm episcopolem ibidem oonsUtuerc ; 
nd rex non concessit." Cottcctanea, ut supra, 

H Godw. de Pras. 336. 

^ Westminster ut supra. 

** Simon Dunclm. x Scrip. 180. 

tt Chron. Bromton. ap. x Scr. p. 940, and Simon D. ut i»up. 




104 

biahop pf Worcestery who at his retanit qoitted 
it and went through Pannonia and Hangmry to 
Jerasalem : a thing whidi Dnrfaam remaiitty no 
English bishop was ever known to have done. 

He soon afterwards prevailed on the kingt to 
re-annex the diocese of Wilts to that of Sher^ 
bome,^ and he held, says Leland, the nnited 
bishopricks ** cum tribus pagis snis i.e. Sher- 
bome, Wilton, and Sunning/ 'f and fixed hia 
episcopal see at Sherbom. Hotchins| repre* 
sents ** Leland and Camden as calling him bishop 
of Sunning/* Leland's words are, ** Nomina 
Episcoporum Sunningensis Ecclesise. Vide num 
hoc nomen originem sompserit a Sunninge pa- 
latio Episcopi Sarisbur. prope Reding/* and ^ 
Camden does not call them bishops of Sunning, 
but only says that this was the see (sedes§) ; 
^* Sunning, a little village, that one would won- 
der should ever have been the see of 8 bishops 
who had this county of Wilts for their diocese, 
yet our histories report as much. The same 

" Ldacd. CdL 1. p. 316. 

t Sec LeL Col. 2. 251. 

t Hist. Dorset 2. 373. 

§ The words tet and diocete are too often confounded. They are far from 
being synonymous. The see is the sedes, the episcopal rrsidcnce,«-Ui« diocese 
)^e«x«0K-*^ episcopal jurisdiction. 



k 



was afterwards translated by Herman to Sher- 
bora, and at last to Salisbury , to which bishopric 
this place still belongs/'^ 

The 'coancil held at London in 1076, having 
ordauMd that bishops* sees shonld be removed 
ffon obtfcure places to towns of the greatest note 
in their dioceses,f Herman, who was, as God- 
win net inaptly terms him, — ** Vir mobili inge- 
Dm prs^itns/' seized this opportunity of trans- 
lating hb to Old Sarum, in 1076, where he 
bc^n a cathedral, but did not live to finish it* 
Thn' removal, Hutchinsj; justly observes, seems 
to have been made rather out of favor or par- 
tiality than from the smallness of Sherborne, 
which certainly occupied a greater space of 
ground than Old Sarum; the latter being, as 
Malmesbury expresses it,§ little more than a 

castle. 

We find Herman assisting at the consecra- 
tion of Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury, in 



* Camden edit Gibeon. 1695. Atlrebatii. p. 144. ed. 
t WiDdns Cone vol. 1. p. 363. ooL iL 

t HisL Don. 2. 373. 

§ De Pontif. lib. 11. p. 259. Lcland, speaking of Old Sanim, has this 
passage— ^^ Quod est vix dvitatis castellum locatuDi in edito muro vallatum 
DOD exiguo, extern conimcatibus utcunquc valens aciuse pcnuria laborans adeo 
at miseiabili ibi comnjertio aqua veneat.'* Coli 2. 251. 




106 

1070;* III Hutchiii8% Dorset^f this date im 
misquoted from Simon of Darham^ 10*^ If in-* 
stead of 1070. 

Durham| says he went to Rome in 1060 to* 
gether with bishop Aldred. This waa befom ha 
was bishop, for we find he succeeded to Wilts 
in 1045, though Simon^s words are, ** aimo M*L» 
Hermannns Wiltonensis Episcopus et Akiredoa 
Wigornensis Epus Romam iverunt/' This, 
therefore, is a prolepsis. Mailross has the very 
same words, which shews how faithfully errors 
are copied when historians will not be at the 
trouble of research in order to verify the quota- 
tions and statements of preceding writers. 

The exact period of this prelate's death is 
unknown. Knyghton most erroneously places 
it so early as 1072. See page 2351 of X Script. 
Bromton§ gives 1076, which was the year of hia 
removing the see to Sarum. The Saxon Chro- 
nicle,|| 1077. Hutchins^ has misquoted the date 



* Simon Danelm. p. 203. 1071. and Radulph. Dicetcnsis. p. 483. 

t Hist Doiset. 2. 873. ool. iL 

t X Script p. 184. 

§ Apud X Scrip, p. 976. L 62. 

n P. 184. 

% Hist. Dor. 2. 383. coL iL 



fnm the last woric^ 1074, as is eyidant on re- 
faencq to other facts. << Anno M.LXXVII. 
obiit Hermannos £p. Seresberise, et Osmnndus 
soeGent.'' CSknmwn Sanctm Chvck Edkllmr^ 
gmmm WhmU Ang. Sac. 1. 159. 

Bishop Herman was, in all probability^ 
bwied at Old and remoTed to New Sarnm* Of 
his tiMnb in the present cathedral, Mr. Dods& 
worth* has the following remark : ** Upon the 
bsse between the pillars of the nave on the sonth 
side, neiM^ the west end, is a plain coffin-fashioned 
tomb of Purbeck marble, conjectured to have 
been broi^ht from Old Sarum with the bones 
of bishop Herman.'* If Mr. Dodsworth be cor« 
lect, this tomb is the oldest in Salisbury cathe^ 
dral. 

We find in a MS. relating the removal of 
the church from Old to New Sarum, by William 
(le Wenda, Praecentor, in 1218, and dean of 
Sarum, in 1220, the following passage, as quoted 
by the author of the " Account of Old Sarum," 
at page 7 of his work, prefixed to Price's " De- 
scription of the Cathedral of Sarum,'' (not at 
page 15 of Price's own work, as erroneously 
qooted by Gough in the Arch&eologia, vol. 2. 
p. 192. note.) 

* HuL Salisbury Cath. p. 18& 




106 

^ Id the year 1226, on the feast of Trinity, 
which was the 18th of the calends of Jifly, the 
bodies of three bishops were translated from the 
castle of Old Sarum to the new fabric, viz. the 
body of St. Osmund, the bishop— the body of 
bishop Roger, and the body of bishop Joceline.*' 

Thos we see, Wenda wholly omits Herman. 
Either, therefore, Wenda is wrong in the num« 
ber, and four bodies instead of three must have 
been removed, or Herman's must have been re- 
moved at some other period. Negativing both 

I 

these conjectures would necessarily produce the 
inference that the tomb which has always been 
shewn for Herman's, as above, does not belong 
to that prelate. 

I still incline, however, to think it does. 
Wenda's statement, I conceive, is to be under- 
stood as strictly limited by the date he particu- 
larizes, and that three bodies only were then re- 
moved, which no way interferes with the remo- 
val of others, either at a precedent or posterior 
period. 

In the foregoing lives it will be seen, that 
after all our pains in referring to the old chro- 
nicles, the dates can not in all cases be made to 
agree : nor is it to be wondered at, in thase 
dark ages, that the notices of these bishops should 
be so scanty, when learning wa^ so little culti- 



100 

ntedp and so few writers existed. The Danish 
invasions destroyed most of the cathedrals and 
rdig^oos hoases, together with libraries and re- 
cords, and dispersed the clergy and monks that 
belonged to them. 



11. ST. OSMUND. 

SuccESSiT A. D. 1078. Obiit A. D. 1009. 

Osmund was promoted to the see of Sarum 
ia 1078.* 12 Gul. Conq. We find him bishop 
here when the bones of Aldbelm, the first bishop, 
were removed.f Bromton J says he was " chan- 
celk>r to the king/' and he is generally supposed 
to have been earl of Seez, or Suza,§ in Nor- 
mandy, and afterwards earl of Dorset, having 
come over with the conqueror, but he does not 



* Knjgfatoo X Script lib. 11. ooL 23AI. is wrong m nying, ** hoc ami* 
107s mccwBt Osmundiu :** for we know his predecesaor, Herman, was living 
ia li7&, aa tt was by order of the council held at London in that jear^ he re- 
■tofed the see. This is a fact that no one will deny. He calls Osmund *•*• xega 
OBodlarmB zxiv. annia.** and adds, *''' ecdesiam novam construzit.'* 

f Malmesb. in vit Aldhelmi. An account of the removal of Aldbclm^a 
may be seen in Gale Scrip. Ang. 3. 274, sq. 

t Ap. X Script p. 976. line 64. 

§ Bishop Godwin calls him '' Captain of Say."* edit 1601. p. 271' 




no 

occur in Dagdale, who g^ves no eail of: Dom 
after the Conquest.^ t 

Lelandf thus f^peaks of him :<^^< Ossmudd 
eajrle of Dorset, a Norman hy byrth, and a great 
favorite, had Sherborne gy ven him by the Con 
queror, amongst dyvers other advancement! 
Afterwardes upon the vacaneye of the see o 
Salisbury, Osmund, forsakinge his temporal at 
thoritie and beinge in greate grace with th 
kinge, became bysshop of that see, and got thi 
castell of Sherborne to bee annexed to tha 
bysshopprick, settinge a curse upon them tha 
did goe about to plucke the same from tha 
godly use: this bysshopp was a man of gprea 
integrety andholynes, that hee was canonized a 
Rome, and sett downe in our almanacke for : 
sainte/* Tanner quotes Leland as calling hin 
" Comes Durotrigum** (Dorsetians) and a re 
lation of William the Conqueror. Bib. JBrii 
p. 565. 

Osmund seems to have renounced the life o 
a courtier, and to have embraced that of ai 
ecclesiastic, j; and his sanctity and great abilitiei 

* See Baronage, vol. 1. p. U* Also index. 

-f Collectanea, torn. 1. pars. 2. p. 6dl. 

X It would seem from Harpsfield that he had emhraced the eedcsiastici 
life brfbre his coming to England, but I think subsequent]/, for no menftkM 
occurs of him in the Neuitriapia, 



Ill 

pointed hitt out as a proper successor to the see 
of Salisbury. From the period of his receiying 
hiB episcopal office, be applied himself to the 
erection of the cathedral in honor of the Virgin 
Mary«^ Here he ordainedi^three principal per- 
sonSf a dean, a chancellor, treasnrer, and 32 pre- 
bendariesr and deputed 4 archdeacons, and a 
precentor, to whom he gave possessions out of 
his domains while earl of Dorset The charter 
bears date 1091. He endowed his church with 
several towns in Dorset, besides knight's fees of 
land, the church of Sherbom, with all the tithes 
of that town, except what belonged to the 
monks; also Ilminster, Aulton, Cernemiaster, 
Niderbury, Wistclinton, the Church of SL 
George at Dorchester, those of Bere and Sarum, 
and other churches, and other lands, in Wilts 
and Berks.^ 

The dedication took place in 1092. 

** Osmundus Epus perfecit templum 1092. 
S. W. R. bibliothecamque addidit/'f 

** Osmund, bishop Sarum, dedicated the 
church he had built at Sarum, with the assist- 
ance of bishops Walcelin, of Winchester, and 



* See Leland*8 Itin. 4. p. 165. Dugd. Mooas. 8. 375. And Hutchint 
Donet 2. 374. 

t Ldaod. ColL 1. 118. 




112 

John, of Bath and Wells, non. Ap«^ feria if. 
1092.* 

** Osmund, erle of Dorchestre, and nfter 
bishop of Saresbyri, erectid his cathedral chnreh 
there, in the west part of the town, and also his 
palace, whereof now no token is, bat only a 
chapelle of oar lady yet standing and main- 

teynid/*t 

** Osmandas Epus dedicavit Ecc. Castri 

veteris Saresbnry, anno 1092.";]; Bat the fabric 
being burnt by lightning, was re-built by him 
in 1099, in which year, according to the Saxon 
chronicle, he also died.§ 

Two claimants having started for the papal 
throne. Urban and Clemens, a doubt arose as to 
which should be recognized in England, and 
from whose hands Anselm, then recently ap* 
pointed primate, should receive the pall, a g^r« 
ment deemed indispensably requisite for the due 
exercise of the archi*episcopal functions.^ An- 
selm had sworn allegiance to Urban, but 

* Simeon Dandm. p. 21 7< 
-f Ldand. Itin. 8. 90. 

It Wikes Chron. Salisb. i>. 22. (hum, 1687. The Annales Wftveileikiwt 
in Gale, p. 138, say the same, adding '^ cum y'u Epis.**— So also Chvooloon 
SancUB Cracis Edinburg. Ang. Sac 1. 169. 

§ P. 207. See also Flor. Vig. 

1[ Sec oar notes at p. 93. et sq. explanatory of the PalL 



113 

William Riiftn daiming*, (in the trne spirit of 
Henry VIII.) the headship of the church, de- 
clared Aat man' an enemy to the crown who 
thooM dare toteeo^^ize a pope, whose appoint- 
ment WM not aanctioned by himself.^ This 
gave rifle t& the famoas council of Rockingham, 
beld in 1004^1 ' Bntler erroneously nays 1005,:|: 
tnd others, ail erroneously, 1097. Osmund, in 
in diia council, was weak enough to desert the 
cnoM of his archbishop, from a desire of gratify^ 
iag the kii^, but he was no sooner convinced 
of bia error than he adknowledged it, and imme* 
diately received absolution at the hands of the 
iajured Anselm. 

Next to ^is being founder of the cathedral 
at Old Sarum, the circumstance that renders 
Osmund particularly known is his compilation 
of the Breviary, Missal, and Ritual for the 
ase of his church — a circumstance which arose 
thus.— Many of the ecclesiastics who followed 
the fortunes of the Conqueror, wished to intro- 
duce into their churches the particular rites and 
offices of the places whence they came, by which 



Hilt. Nofor. p. SS. Loud. lOSS. 

t WilktM Cone. 1. p. 871. 

t Lifit of the Sttints, voL 12. p. 74. 

1 




-* A 



i^i^lly at Qlaatonlbury by Thur^ton^i thea^bM* 
lybp b^d pome from Caeo, Tq r^mi^re. tbia Afk- 
itonveaieiice) Jieaseartomed^lllb^ rubijm which 
JM^pre wer0 po( suffiqientiy dUt^rmipateb i^apw- 
.ffled 4tsoardiAt|0i09f wd ad^iKstod wd MtUfed 4he 
^i9«wioRial0 oC diviQp worship i^ (p^ntu ithit 
fff ep^ bi^fpK^ left toth^ discretion t>Cfth^^oflleiati«|f 
«AiQNtoi?4> Tibii WM^aU(»d the '5 Criet^&(nM«if/Vf 
j^iK^ i)ifMt.iiftw wacds « adapted : .byt ^imtt fdiocoaaB 
fo iKngjbud.tillJttiMry'a tiiiae^—KnyghliDOi (Cjifi- 

jsim»: ;Qftftlm€isbury^>iuid QiA^tiJ$inmntAf^tMeK» 
iO^ mr 'b^ FTixibei^ \\k:i^.JiU Aldbetait mrbiiAi 
has not reached us. . . i . ^ ^ ' -i 

i . . . ^iBlltler,, ^ bii ?4v« <J|f ihfi BaiQtmf snys^ ** he 
:i|r^,iL fai«^ in 4( ftb9^di^piilt fitja^e« ^f a.cpiiitiefc 
/loldjeri and magistrate. We most adiiii.it ibat 
bi^ yielded tp no l^plate eitber in zeal for k^m- 
Mg'#.:9l^:<l^ttei|tion. to ^:tb0. duties of; bis spicitiml 
offijQcu > The favqrs of bis pririce^ aail the spiiks 
of fortune, bad no charms to a heart which loved 
and valued only heavenly goods. He forsook 
thp life, of the courtier, aiid. embraced that of aa 
ecclesiastic. His sanctity, and great abilities. 



* See GouKh*8 Topog. Wilts, vol. 31 3^5. ** Hie oomposait librmd ordi- 
nalem ccclesiasdci officii qucm Consuetudinarium vocant.** I^i^ton. 
X Scriptores. lib. ii. col. 2361. 

t Vol 12. p. 74. 



116 

iv€re todnMl knami for him to be aUowed Img 
to PMittQ in obsGiirityt and he was consecrated 
iwbop of Salisbary, &c;''^ 

OsMvnd promoted learning among the clergy, 
patraaiMd Reserving; {MriestSy collected a library, 
t w i Mirtbad books, and even condescended, whett 
Wshefb to hind tfaemf with his own hands. He 
Mi reoMtflHible icft temperance; and, rigrid m 
die d^teotioti of hiao¥m faults, he was unsparing 
t aw nsJa those of othws. His patience haTing 
been ecBWtised by a lingering ilkess, he departed 
Ma life M the night of the 3d Dec. 1099. Hin 
ikly 18 kept, Dee. 4. 

The Canones Officiomm Ecclena have been 
•ttribnted t6 Osmnnd, bnt Tanner, in a note, 
▼cry justly asks^ whether this be not the same 

with the Ordmale.l 

Baronias is mistaken in saying he wrote 
Amelm^s life.§ He probably meant Aldhelm's. 

Iti^hwdtO say on what authority the first 



*BatIerhatqiioCedTaiiiieriiiBib. Br.pb615|!ufieMlofM5( ndlnhii 
leftscnoe to KnTgfaton, for 1351 read p. 3851. 

<f- ^ Libromm copia oonquitita cam Episeopus ille nee teriberiD nee librae 
fi|Me tetidiraL'* Leknd CM, 8. 851. Lehoid there cdli him ^* fir pro* 
*' See also for these fiKts, Kb jgbtoD, tti mpou 



t Bib. Bnt p. M. 
SBatedeScnp. 



l2 



i 



116 

chroniclers asserted his being coutii^cf Sttfer* JH 
us such he has been invariably tetogtkitei^. 
Camden^ says, << William the Oohqiierbr^ th 
soon as be had got the crown/ Ddlide Ostxkhnd, 
who was earl of Seez in Normandy, bishtl^ 'fit 
Sdisbory, and first earl of Dbrset/ and tdistor Mfc 
own chancellonr.** For this he refers to ^*tili 
tife of Osmund, MS. ;'* and to Matthew Pwdr, 
p. 1 1^. But l^aris says nothing about ih6 AtM 
of Dorset, nor doer Osmund's name ocddrMi-stI 
tinder the number cited, whether of the yMr 
of the page. Paris,t under the year l099, 
merely records Osmund*s desAh. ^^Osmundtia 
Sarisburiensis Antistes diemi cl^usit extremum.'* 
He was canonized by pope Calixtos'III. in 
1466, as says Harpsfield,| and was buiried in his 
cathedral. His remains were afterwards re- 
moved into the new cathedral, and in 1457 were 
^epositedf in the chapel of our lady in that 
church. They are covered with a marble slab, 

* Brit bj Gibniit 172L fol. L p. SS. coL 2. 

t VoL 1. p. 58. 

► • . 

X Hltt. Bed. Aiifl^ p. 9f8. An aceount of llie proened in g i idatife toldi 
OAonization may be found in the Chapter Records of Saliabtuy. Some 
notices on this subject, comprising a narrative of a few of the miracles pre- 
tended to have been wrought by him (which, together with his having founded 
the church, formed the basis of his admission into the Romish Calendar), are 
printed in the History of Salisbury CathedraL PL 8. chap. 3. p. U6-166. 
The business had been 70 years in progress when completed. 



117 

with oDly ihe inscription of the year» 1009^* 
The tomb is coflin-fashionedy and now (1823) 
iMuids on the N. side of the nave next to that 
of John, do Montacntey son of the Earl of Salis- 
fanry. ». St. Osmond's siunptaoos shrine was de- 
fltmyed ria the tioie of Henry YIII. Harps- 
fields speaking of the sepulchre, after removal^ 
ssyat V A Bicardo Epo conditun^ est." Leland| 
cjhsenreflu ^VOsmand*s first tunijbe [was] on the 
sooth side of oor lady f s chapel J while the shrine 
WHS a mdLyng/' 

Brooke, York Herald,§ observes, ** Osmond, 
ead of 8eez in Normandy, was, by William 
the Conqoeror, made bishop of Salisbory ; and 
after^ the first earl of Dorset.** Vincent, in his 
** Corrections,*' 1619, p. 167, quotes Godwin*s 
Catalogoe of Bishops, p* 271, and Hollingshed» 
p. 1272, and p. 15, and adds, 

** This earl Osmund was a man passing wise, 
and well learned, in regard whereof he was 
always of counsel with the Conqueror, who it 



■ Bfr. Dodsworth mji, p. 108, ** On the erectum of the new Cathedral^ 
k.CdM tomb) WM brouffht from Old S«nuD, and placed aceonUDg Id the 
Sanim Obittiarj, between the chapel called Salve R^gina and that of Sd 
.** The dale, dottbdewt if itoent. 



t P. ttl. 

t Itin.3.90L 

1^ MS.S. Coll. Her. ex mSomu G. Bdtz. Ann. Lane 




geems made him chancdlor ot England^ He 
died upon Srtuidfty Ihe 8d Seeember^ XOS&i and 
v^uB buried i& hitt owii'Churdi' at OM Balisbaiyv 
but his bonea wete afterwavda removed' to IfoW' 
Sftlisbufj^,* where tiiejr now Ke in Hke middled 
the lady i^appell^ under a marble atone wMb^ 
this bare inscriptiony MXCIX. He was eaH'^ 
npniiBed belike fer a saint after his death* fer I^ 
find his name in our kalendar, tha aforanoA^ 
third ef Deoanben*' 

Notices may be found of this prelate ki^ 
Allbrd*s Annals, vol. 4, p« 110, but they ave a 
mere transcript of Muhnesbury and Hwpafieid; 
and are embodied abore. 

His character is thus drawn by Harpsfield :- 
^< Cuccunrit Osmnndus per omnes oiyilis honoris 
gradus. Gmnitatu Sagien^is in Neostria efr 
Dorsetensi in Anglia Sagiensi ille Comitatus. 
morttto patre, proventus in pauperom et eccle- 
siarum usus. convertit* et quoniam in externa 
lEL P. administranda et civilibus ille honoribua 
gerendis caste et integre versatus est adque om- 
nem pietatem exoolendam mirifice propendebat.*' 

lisland de Scriptoribus, speaks of him also 
in the following strain of commendation : 



* l^l^niam de Wends, who wrote the aeeoont of the buflding of thepie- 
•eat cathednl, mentions the removal of 3 bishops from Old Sarmn, in 1S96. 
OHiniiid«BQB«r,aiidJofG«lliiei See Pxice*8 Account of SdishurjCath. p. 1<». 



1191 

^* OMMOidkis Spw (Bevermntt qiiamvi^ H^ 
UmnmisilooMdtaiaen inter ABglM<}o«daiiimiodoi 
flHbife. ii Hen^tBamio Flandro^ ejmd«te urbw 
frimo Antktiti sucM^sity vir pneter generm wh- 
VSMtmm (eint eoiln OaF Mag. nangiuxie c6n^ 
jnolM^) cBgiiitato antem Cornea SagieMis- et< 
pottesr Cmite DaM>trigum nt Angliae GatiMW 
krhii," Soe. *^ Ut priaram ponttficiti^ infoliSi^ 
onatas ftiit, augiostam basilicam ai> Heramoii^ 
Serariae mchoatam ad umbilicam perdnxit, ax^' 
taatibiia ^am nunc tantee molis ruinia. Deinde 
fifMy at iUa tulerant tempoi^y doctiasimos libe«^ 
lalitate ana in coUegdam' canonicomm ascirit^ 
Utque ipse, tanquam antesignanusy cseteris, qui 
ona cam illo militabanty exemplo ad virtutem 
egsety nobilem bibliotfaecaniy comparatis in hoc 
optimis jnxta ac antiquissimis illustrium autorum 
monnmentis, Severiee posuit." 

** Quid ego hie plurade ejus clarissimisfactis 
etyirtutibus longa orationis serie adnecterem? 
QoflB fecit omnia notiora per scriptores sunt^ 
cpiam ut noatro uUa parte calamo indigeant^ 
Quare non frastra conabor tantum solem exiguft 
at male lucid& nostri ingenii facula accendere, 
contentus tantum docere quod a Ranulpho 
Higedeno Castrensi didici; nempe Osmundum 
scripsisse Canones, (these we have above al-^ 
luded to) quos bona pars prebbyterorum An- 



gUMrom 10 litai^iis cdabraftdiB otMrnmat^ turn 
piwterea vitamiD; Aklhehn^reniaM <ttbellm' 
pofltoritate d#dica6iie. Floruit Ghd^' NoxtoiiutiuN^ ; 
Anglk imperante* Prtmum antem twttinhitM 
foit Severiee de cajus antiquitate abooda dice* 
mus ia lilnro de civili historia; ibiqueiUMi in* 
glorius ad multos aonos jaouit. Deinde coin. 
Pons Hornamensisy coi nanc Neo8e?erifle indif- 
turn nomen, ex humiti page in justam iiaque oivi« 
tatia magoitudinem adcreviMet; et nova basilica^ 
qua vix ul^ magQifieeDtiur ibidem posita a Ri* 
cbardo Pauperculo faisset; iliac ex veteri urbe 
translatus est, ac divorum numero ascriptus/* 



III. ROGER.* 

SuccEssiT A. D. 1102 Obiit a. D. lldo.t 

After Osmund's death, the see, according to 
Godwin, must baye remained vacant eight years,* 
f6r Roger's succession is placed by him at 1 107, 
but Leland} Miys, ^* Rogems Sarisbir* electim 



* Tfie Tumie Roger it derired from tiie Ssxon Ron or ilir, roM, repoie^ 
^fAttotmi uakgard^ to keep, Weavar^ Funer. Mon. p. T^fL 

t Annalcs Winton. AngL Sac. 1. 299. 

t CoUect 3. p. 339. ex auth. lib. inoerli Autoris. p. 443. The Annales 
WiDtonienaes oorreetly place his appointment at 1102. ^^ Rogenu Cancella- 
rius Regus factus est Epus Sanim. Anno MCii.** See Angl. Sac. 1. p. 297* 
Godwin fell into the etior we have noticed in the text by confounding Rog«r*k 



k. 



121^ 

1108.-* SimoB 0^ DarliMfi* places his racbes^ 
skill ^bo at' ' 1 lOSy bat says notliing of the va- i 
amoy ^ the see. It is clear, howeVer, that it ^ 
was'ipaeMit between two or three years. 

' Tfafia jtarrietey the Wolsey of his age, affords 
an equdlyweinorable instance of the mutability 
of ^fortune* Indeed he may be considered the 
prototype of the eighth Harry's farorite. Both 
of obseore origin, they both became the very 
centre of regal favor, and were invested with 
^ power too great to keep or to resign/' Bodi 
excited the jealoosy and rancour of tlieir brother- 
courtiers : both incurred the displeasure of their 
monarch, and both were ultimately hurled from 
the pinnacle of glory to the abyss of disgrace. 

That Roger was the priest or curate of an 
obscure church in France is not improbable. 
Wikef calls him " Pauper Capellanus de parti- / v ,4 

bus transmarinis,'' but I can not discover any 
ancient authority for the singular anecdote re- 
lated of him by Godwin,;!^ who tells us that ^ 
Henry, afterwards king of England, when in the ^ 

^fcimimait uid ctnueeraHtm, Itappeanfirom UieAim.Wmt.a8aboTe. that 
he was not eoiuectated till xcvii. He was oonseciated, as it uppenn thenoe> 
by iidibiihop Anedm. 

•P.227. 

t Chnm.p.26. 

X De PxssuL edit. Richardiwn. p. 337* 



[J (j^a(/f-[ • 



^r. 



4 



ItSf 

neigliboQvhood of Carav^ in ^iunnwmijf dxvm\ 
his wars with his brother William Rafin^ chanoai 
to gi^ with hia aoUiera isto the church in whie] 
Roger officiated; and that the latter, auraee^c 
tke light estimatioii ia which meni of tiiat ^rc 
fession heU religioiia dwervancesy performed th 
seirrice with, as much rapidity as possible^, o 
which the jNnnce, halfi^jesting, said he wo«l 
make a good: regimental chaplain, and badelMt 
follow the camp« However this may be^ iti i 
certain that he attached himself to the fortim 
of Henry, whose scanty finances, Malmesbury, 
his contemporary, tells us, he managed: with th 
gveatest (economy and prudence. Noc did tii 
king forget the senrices rendered to the earl < 
Anjou. From* tliat moment the tide of worldl 
honor and prosperity seems to have flowed i 
fast upon him ; and on Henry's accession to tli 
throne, Roger became the prime favorite at tb 
English Court. Lands, churches, abbies, na] 
the very kingdom itself, was placed at his dii 
posaU '' Rogerus ergo agebat causas, ipi 
moderabatur expensas, ipse servabat gazas. 



* Price, in hii '^ Additional Remarks,** p. 138 of Description of Smu 
Cath. baa made a singular mistake in calling Roger curate of Cabue (Will 
instead of Caen in Normandy. Godwin says he served a church in suburb 
dvitads Cadomcnsis. 

t Hist. Nov. Lib. 11. ^ 184. 



12a 

^ Mnk ptQfmm mirain/* says Malmesburyt ^ vi* 
cbie de komine illo : quanta eiiim in omni ge-. 
iMra dignitatem opom seqnebatur copia, et qttaai 
ad BHuum afflnabat** 

Pnoa to 1103| as if seems from Simon of 
DoiImubi.* Boger had been chaplain to Henry, 
and waa i^pointed Chancellor.f He was also 
Boaunmlad by> him for the bishoprick of Saram, 
bol owing to the well known dispute with An« 
sehn^ he was not consecrated till 1 1074 During 
the khig^s freqnent visita to Normandy he left 
the kingdom in chai^ of Roger, sometimes for 
three or four years together, with the title of 
Jlosticiary ; but this charge, for some reason 
which has not come down to us, he declined ac- 
cepting, unless compelled by three archbishops 
and the pope.§ He occurs baron of the Ex- 
dieqoer in the list '^ Barones Scaccarii Reg^s 
inperante R. Henrico lmo/'|| 

Thns high in his sovereign's favor he became, 
the great dispenser of honor and preferment: 

f Dugdalc Orig. Jurid. p. 1. sq. of Chronica Series. 

t SimflO of Doiliam. p. 280. 

g Bfalmeib. de mgib. lib. S. p. 161. 

H Hilt. Ezdieq. p. 748. M. LoncU 1711. The authority qoolod it Sax. 
Ckiroo. p. 28& D. & and p. 226. n. 30. This nference, however, is enoneous* 
IS he docs not occur there in thai duuracter. 



i 



124 

Bor was he by any meana remiaa m \impnwing 
this golden opportunity in the aggrandizement 
of himself and his family. Malmesbury- g^ees so 
far as to say, that whatever possessions his iiioiw 
dini^ mind grasped at, if not to be acquired by 
asking for^ or by payment, were seised by^ieire^^ 
*' Si quid possessionibus ejus contigouns -^eMl 
quod suis utilitatibus conduceret, cpniinud^ ^nk 
prece vel pretio^ sin minus, violenter^ extorqoei* 
bat/'f Ai|d not only did the king. lavish Us 
bounty upon this favored ecclesiasti€« but peMS' 
and ministers even anticipated his desires*. .Tims 
enriched on all sides, he was enabled ta build 
the stately and magnificent castle at J)eviziqB^ 
and another scarcely inferior at Sherborne^ ii 
speaking of which Huntingdon says^f *' <li^ npn 
erat aliud splendidius intra fines EuropsB^" lie 
appointed his two nephews to the wealtiiiest 
bishopricks in England, Nigellus to Ely, a^ 
Alexander to Lincoln, Uie former being also 
treasurer of England in this reign4 

• Hat. Not. p. 184. 

f tib. VIII. p. 389. 

X Dngd. Oiig. Jurid. p* 1. sq. of Chronica Series. WUces, Chroiu p. 20, 
must be wrong in odling Alesuinder brother to Roger. Malmesbury, who 
was oontemponuy with Roger, calls him nephew. Henry of ^untm^doo, 
p. 882, concurs with Malmesbury. The date of Alexander's appointment to 
Linoohi is placed by Huntingdon p. 382, at 1121, but Wikes har it 1123, 
p. 98. The latter says thai Roger invited him from l^'rance to be partaker of 
his good fortunes. 



' V ^/^3 



1S5 

Bat the ttirnr of the generous moimrch was 
reqoited hy the banest ingratitude. 

Henry imrmg lost his only son, wished to 
seenre therennrsion of the crown to his daughteff 
Mavd, »€0 ' wheal Roger had sworn allegiance; 
btt on herr^l father's death he cbosetofegret ' * /^^ /^"^ 
hMsolenmei^agemspty and treacherous^ ^/t / ^' 

with the ainbitioos Blois, bishop of Winchesteft j(;^i^ fj^ 
to pliiee Stejphen upon the throne. ^ ^ / / jf ^ 

' ' Tho* reering with the times, he was enabled 
siHl toTOtain'the high post he before had filled, 
aad-waSf to aU appearance at least, as high ia 
Stephen's esteem as he had been in Hetiry'sL 
H» ' nephew Alexander, and his natoral son 
Boger^* betii becamef chancellors, he himself 
being* treasurer.;]; It is recorded by Malmes* 
bory§ that the king even swore ^* by the nativity 
ef God, to give him half bis kingdom, if he 
should ask it ; and that his minister should sooner 
be tired of asking, than he of giving/* 

But such is the equity of Providence, treach- 
erous tools are usually treacherously treated; 
and artful men become the victims of a duplicity 



* Somamed ^ de Panpae ccDio.** Godw. ed. 1601. p. 273. 
^ I>04(d.*0ijg. Jur. ttt tup. 

S Hilt Ncv. Ub. iL p. 184. 




similarto tlwhr own. Stepken, thongii raiM 
the throne by Roger's powerful agsislnhioey « 
praistMed upon him the same ingratitude tin 
bad \pvefAaddj tehibited to his former beiefan 
Nor fCooM the monarch implicitly repose im 
dene^ in ^ disiionestt however devoted^ minii 
The eon shine ^ (toy al favor was now tm 
into darkness: MidiAe who had sabrifieed « 
the altair of ambition the interests of Jits palti 
ftmily, WM destined to be plundered hf 
^ei^rus«i)>er whose cause he had espoused^ 
Wi whose head he had been mailily instmmc 
in placStog' the crbwn. 

BEis castles 'w we: JBeias^ th^ir treasures 
laged land appropriatiBd ito the king's nse^ 
himself and his distinguished relatives ii4iod 
had raised to the mitre, were made prisoner 

The following account of these transact 
is taken froin finntingdon, Hoveden^ and'o 
old chroniclers.^ 

The king being at Oxford in 1139» the 
year of his reign^ and having, as Godwin sa 
assembled a council there, summoned the blsl 
to attend; Roger and his nephew, Alexan 



* Hoveden. Annales. p. 484. Huntingd. lib. 8. p. 389* 
f De praBS. ap. Rich, p* 340* 



127 



hiAopidi iABMiut'^ Hot without relucteM^ 
Umt uppeamacBf and were received with evefy 
lokea ^ hifdrndsbif. Instantly » however, mi 
lone trivial preeeocerted pretext, Godwin «a]|ra 
4Mi:a(Smy.t among the retainers of each party, 
Alexander was made a prisoner, and Bogpcr 
aarriod 4by the king' to Devizes Castle, where, 
haimg ^laeiplined by fasting; aad 4<pectilDg ihe 
4iitant sacrifice of his son, whom the kii^teab- 
Inbitidd rto the. ^ifflidted parent with a liatter 
tantid km. neck; as if on the verge of execution, 
he was indnced to purchase the pMservation <t 
both by y idding up the castle and its |>rJncely 
treasures. Nor was this aU. The king, ifi likfe 
nannev, seized on Sherborne Castle,| wbidh we 
are tdd was scarcely second in splendour to 
that of Devizes, And even yet, unsated with 
gander, he proceeded with his prisoner Alex- 
ander, to Newark, and seized another of his 
castles there, § as also one at Glaford, still threat- 



' MmAi 



^'Godwin says ** he tookliis son and his two nephews, the bishops, that 
eofeor of their letinue he might carry atreogth enough widi him to rc- 
ast the king, if he should ofTer him violence ;*' for ^^ the bishop was an old 
a«» and flMpioious of what might happen,** -Ac Edit. MOl. p. 874. 

-f ^ Pngna inter servos Rogerii EpI et Comitis Alani,** says Leland, Col- 
lect. L p. 151. 

X Leiand CoUecL 1. 151. says *•*• Rogerius construxit castrum de Shirbume 
et de Viae.*' 

§ ^ Alexander nepos et plusquam nepot ut ferebatbr, Rogerii Episcopi 
Saiesbir. construxit ca&tium dc Newark.** Leiand Collect. 1. p. 451. 




126 

eiiittg stervation in the event of non^ci^italaticti. 
Godwin, and after him, more modern writeiB, 
have embellished the story with many other eir^ 
cumstances ^hich it would be difficnlt to aay 
iwkence they had gleaned. The above coHtaina 
every material point. 

Malmesbary* ako records that Roger hmit 
a castle at.Malmesbnry, and laid out iargerama 
in repairing the cathedral at Old Samm. He 
tfaos resembled Wolsey in his architectnrid tnn^ 
no less dian in the sad reverse of fartttoe whidi 
his life presents. 

Leliundy in mentioning the castle of Sber*- 
borne, has the following passage : ^ 

^ This castell- with the land thereunto ap- 
perteymnge contymied in 4fae bysshi^pies nmiU 
the tyme of kinge Stephen ; at which tyme one 
Koger, then bysshop of Salisbmry, who re-edyfied 
both the eastell of Sherborne and the castell of 
the Devyzes comonly called the Yyze, beinge 
well knowne to be a bysshoppe of greate wealthy 
the said kinge wantinge mony for many pur- 
poses, but especyallye for the compassingie of a 
manage betwene Eustace his onely sonne and 
Constancia the French kinge's sister, seased 



* De reg. lib. v. and Ldand Collect 1. 151, observes, ^^ Apad Malmes- 
bin, in ipso cvmiterio, ac Eodesia prindpali vix jactu lapidis casteUum 
indioayent. 



129 

ttpon the wealth of the said bysshopp, took^ the 

caaiell of Sherborne, and kepte yt. Not longe 

after, the right heire to the crowne, Mawde the 

Empresse, and Henry Fitz-Empresse h€ir sOnne, 

invaded England with mch a powei*, as that 

kinge Stephen was dryven by composicion to 

to make Henry FitsS-Empresse heyre apparent 

to the erowne^ and to disinheryt Eustace his 

owoe natarall Sonne. After that tyme whyle 

the said castell contynewed in the crowne, ^eate 

troubles arose to the ky nege. Som^tymes the 

father was against the sonne, sometymes the 

sonae against the father, the barons ngfainst the 

kinge and the kinge against the barons/'^ 

Speaking of onr prelate, Chugh in th€ Ar^ 
chmdoffiaf vol. 2. p. 191, says, ** he endowed 
two religions foundations at Dorchester, in Ox* 
fordshire,*' hot bishop Tanner says that it was 
Alexander bishop of Lincoln, (bishop Roger^s 
nephew,) who built the Abbey of Black Cslnons 
there* See Not. Monast. 

Bishop Roger endowed a priory of Bene- 
dictine Monks, at Cadweli in Caermarthenshire, 



* LeUuuL CoIL 2. 651. Opuscula varia. 

•f Hundngd. de reb. AngL pdst Bedanu p. 889. The Annalei Wintoni' 
cnses ill the Axglui Sacra, toL 1. p. 299. concur in thii date. 




130 

A. D. 1130.— Ta»«M?r, Not. Moii.— This was 
subordinate to Sherborn. 

In 1131 be placed in tbe church pf St. Fri- 
d^TSide, at Oxford, now Ch: Ch: a convent of 
S^gular Caqons of the order of St Austin. — lb. 

Leland (ex 2 lib. Novelke Historue) records 
of him, ^' l^talmesbiriense et Abbatisbiri^nse 
;antiquissinia caenobia quantum in ip^o fuit.epis* 
.copatui del^gavit. Scireburneqsem . Prior^^tivn 
q^i proprius est episcopi Saresbir.' in Ab^iam 
.^tput^yil;, fibbatia de IQortuna, proinde de^triicta 
et adjecta. 

'' ilogerius moriens, qu6^ reliqqit, in nans 
absolvendoa ^cclesi^ ^reabir.' dedit ; sed Site- 
pjhanus Brex mo2;?a diripnit/* — Colteci. 1. p. 151. 

Af^r l^^ving^ filled this see 32 y^ai^g, biahep 
Roger died A. P. 1 1(39, the same year in whieh 
1^4 ci^affiilies beiel biw* ^^ntingdon IMrebui 
Anglic. pQ^t Bedflifh p- 399, thus records his 
di^ath: ** Eodem anrw Rogerus tarn ma^rore 
qu&m senio coufectus demarcuit." The Anmiles 
WinUm m the Anglia Sacra, vol. 1 . p. 299, con- 
cur in tJbis date. 

We have already noticed the removal of his 

bones from Old Sarum to the present cathedral. 

In the Archaeologia is an interesting paper 

(see vol. 2, p. 188. xxix.) entitled *< Conjee- 



131 

ttires on an aneient Tomb in Salisbnry Cathedral, 
by Mr. Gough." This paper was read at the 
Society of Antiquaries, Feb. 22, 1770. 

'' On the S. side of the nave of Salisbury 
Cathedral/' says our author, '^ under the 4th 
arch from the W. lies a monument of blue 
speckled marble, with the figure of a bishop in 
pontificalibusy his right hand lifted up to give 
the blessing, his left hand holding the cro^er. 
On the perpendicular sides or edge all round, is 
cat an inscription in large capitak ; and on tho 
front of the robe, another in letters somewhat 
noiilar. The slab lay so deeply bedded in the 
stone foundation on which the pillars of the nave 
rest, that the first of these inscriptions had en« 
tirely escaped the notice of the curious ; or if 
any had noticed it, the lower half of the letters 
being out of sight, rendered it unintelligible. 
Last snmmer (1769) I procured it to be raised, 
and the pavement disposed round it in such a 
manner that it can henceforth receive no injury, 
but will remain the second (rectius thirdf for 
Herman's and Osmund's precede it,) oldest mo- 
nument in that church, if the conjectures I have 
formed upon it are founded in truth." 

Proceeding to page 190, Mr, Gough adds, 
" I read the inscription under consideration, as 
follows : 

k2 




132 

" Fleut hodie Saliiiberie quia decidit ensb 
'* Jastitias, pater ecclesie Salisbiriensis. , 
'' Dam vignit, mi8ero» alait, faAtQsq ; potentutd 
'< Non iimaity sed cUva fqit terrorq ; nocentoni. 
Be ducibus, de aobllibus primordia duxit 
Principibasi propeq ; tfbi qui genUkia reluxit.^ 






<< t reiad the line 6n his robe, with Lelabd.f 
" I presume^ then, that it belongs' to Ro^er, 
the third bishop of Salisbury, after the rembval 
of the see from Sherborn to Old Sai-niti ; "aria 
that it was composed for him after the trandf^ion 
of his corpse to the new church/* 

Mr. Gough explains the inscription thus, 
p. 192 : " His (Roger's) great influence with his 
sovereign, and his mutual esteem for him, is rte- 
corded in the words Prmcipibus gemma relnxU. 
His administration of justice intitled him to the 
name of Ensis JustititB. His munificence to his 
infant church to that of Pater EcclesuB Salisbu 
riensis. His impregnable fortifications, as well 
as his irreproacha^ble conduct, made that non 
timnit fastus potentum : as his high rank in the 
state made him clava terrorque kocenlum. We 



* The scholar will at once perceive that prope will not tcan iGeor^, it. 
line 278, and jEru viii. 697i) but monks plead a privilege for false quantity. 

-f* Itin. voL 3. f. 64. or p. 91. This was the only inscription that diligent 
tfifiquKry observed on this monumeilt tie placer the two bishops of Old 
Sarum in the N. aisle. *'*' In Bor. nuula navia ecd. sepulcra duocum J^s* 
coponun, ut awtiinant veteris Sanwu*' 



133 

are to (nresume that with bis great wealth miseros 
skit (oot to mention his religious foundations), 
and considering what a reverse he underwent in 
the next reign, dum viguit^ is not wtthoot its 
meaning. The words inscribed on the front of 
bis robe more strongly mark the distresses of 
this prelate^s declining age. Affer opem, deve* 
aterin idem^ is an earnest address to the sympathy 
•f the spectators, warning them at the siame time 
of the uncertainty of human events. Th^ cpni- 
elusion, propeque . tibi gemma reluxit, seems m, 
address to the Church, reminding her of the 
hxsixe he reflected op her while he presided as 
bishop in h^r former situation at Old Sarum. 
My only difficulty is about the noble descent 
ascribed to him in the wor.ds de ducibus, de no- 
hHihu prifnordia duxit. But he may have been 
the younger son of some noble family in Nor- 
mandy, which the monks may have known from 
evidences not noticed by general historians, or 
they may have introduced it here for rhyme 



99 



Thus far Mr. Gough's supposition respecting 
this tomb. On the other hand, however, Mr. 
Dodswortb, in his History of the Church {(f 
Sarwn^^. 191, supposes that it belongs to bishop 
Joceline, and his proof in corroboration is this : 
he observes, that ^ in searching the Chapter 




184 

Records^ several deeds were found, bearings the 
seal of bishop Joceline, of whom the elfigy ex- 
a^^tly resembles the the figure on this monument, 
and totally differs from that on the preceding 
which is ascribed to him/' *' Non nostrum tantas 
Componere lites." 

" I could never find," says Mr. Price in his 
Additional Remarks, p. 138, Description Sar. 
Gath. ** tvhere the remains of bishop Joceline 
were deposited, though it is evident they were 
iietnoved from Old Sarum/' 

With I'egard to bishop Roger*s real monu«* 
ment, I have little doubt of its being tliat next 
above the one Gougfa has described, on the base 
between the pillars of the nave on the sooth side 
near the west end. It bears an effigy in r^ief 
of a bishop in pontificalibus, with a ctotAev 
piercing a dragon, and surrounded with a border 
of birds and foliage. Plates of all these early 
monuments may be seen in the 2d vol. of the 
Archeeologia, in Gough's Sepulchral Monaments, 
and in Dodsworth's Salisbury, &c. 



135 



IV. JOCELYN. 



SvccsMiT A« D. 1142. Obiit A. D. 1184. 



Godwin says^ that one Galfridus has been 
supposed to have presided here, between bishops 
R^er and Jocelyn, (Catal. ed. 1601. p. 276), 
but admits that his <* proofs are not very preg* 
nant.*' He probably fell into this error by 
Florentios saying (p« 533, under the year 1140) 
that Galfridus was appointed to the abbacy of 
Addesbriy on the death of bishop Roger, which 
he seems to have confounded with his succession 
to this see. 

Others say, that Innocentius preceded Joce* 
]yn, (Richardson, p. 342, quotes Resist. Mag. 
alb. ap. Ebar. f. 67.) alleging, in proof of their 
assertion, his subscription to a deed, together 
with Robert, bishop of Bath, Robert, bishop of 
Exeter, Nicholas, bishop of Landaff, and Gil- 
bert, bishop of Hereford ; but this must be in-* 
correct, as Gilbert, of Hereford, was not con- 
secrated till 1147, at which period Jocelyn had 
sat bishop here some years. 

On the death of bishop Roger, king Stephen 
endeavoured to promote Philip Harcourt, (Phi- 







lippus de Harulficnrte,) his chancellor and dean 
of Lincoln^ to this see. Richardson quotes, as 
if from the Neustriapiaf " Philippus de Hare^ 
court, Lincoln decanus;'* but Du Monstier does 
not qall him ^^ Lincoln deoanus ;'* but ^* ai*chi* 
diaconus Ebroicensis/' He, however, occurs, 
dean of Lincoln, between 1138 and 1141, when 
he was made bishop of Bayonne, (see Willis's 
Cathedmls, vol. 2, p. 75; but we do not find 
him there among the archdeacons of York.) He 
also ^curs in Dugdale's list. Chron. Series, p. 2. 
Ht the end of the Orig. Jurid. anno 1153. 

Dn Monstier, in his Neuslria pia^ p. 233, 
supplies us with the following nftrrative respectp 
ing his election. 

'' Anno 1140, Stephanus Rex consilium con*? 
gregavit, &c. Tunc inter optimates de consti- 
tutione Sarisburiensis Episcopi lis orta est. 
Henricus Guentoniensis proesul (Henry de Blois, 
bishop of Winchester, brother of K. Stephen) 
Henricum de Solleio, nepotem suum intromit- 
tere voluit : et quia majori vi resistente, preva- 
lere nequivit, iratus de curia decessit. 6uele« 
rannus namque Mellenticus comes (Anglic^, 
earl of Meulan) Philippum de Harulficui-te 
elegerat; eique Rex liberaliter acquiescerat.'* 
But, as the narrative proceeds to tell us, his 
fippointment b^ing entirely offensive to the 



137 

bishop of Winton, who was papal legate, as 
well as to the clergy of Sarum, the king desisted 
fron pressing it. Harcourt, afterwards, as we 
have seen, was made bishop of Bayonne, and 
the see of Sarum having been vacant till 1142, 
was according to the Annales Marganenses 
(Ckile, Scrip. Ang. vol. 2. p. 7. Oxon. fol. 1687) 
then supplied by Jocelyn. << Consecratus est 
Jocelinos Epus Sarisburiensis/' (anno 1142.) 
Richardson, p. 342, is wrong in quoting that 
work as calling him '< de Bailul,'* and <* archi- 
diaconos Wintoniensis/* It is in Matthew 
Paris, vol. 1. p. 105. ann. 11G6, that he occurs 
** of Bailol," under which name he is excommu-^ 
nicated. I do not find that he was archdeacon 
of Winchester. Jocelyn, according to Godwin, 
was a native of Lombardy ; and, in all proba- 
bility, of a very ancient and powerful family. 
Our ancient records and histories agree in repre- 
senting Giles i^gidius Jocelyn as a noble of 
Brittany, prior to the Conquest. His son. Sir 
Gilbert, founded the Cistercian monastery, at 
Sempringham. The monks there were called 
after him Gilbertines. He died in 1186, and 
was canonized by pope Innocent IIL 

Selden has recorded an anecdote of this pre* 
late from Walter Mapez^ respecting his coiise- 






f . 



U } r 



r ■ 




1^8 

cfation, which I here transcribe : (See ^* Tithes 
of Honor/' part I. ch. vti. p. 217. edit. 1726 fol. 

** JosceliD, bishop of Salisbury, under Henry 
If. in whose time he (Mapez) wrote, when his 
son Reinold, who was, by corrupt means, chosen 
bishop of Bath and Wells, complained to him 
that the archbishop of Canterbury would not 
consecrate him, advised him thus : * Stulte,* 
saith he, < velox ad Papam evola securus^ nihil 
heesitando; ipsique bursft grandi para bonam 
alapam et vacillabit quocunque volueris :' ivit 
ergo: percussithic, vacillavitille; ceciditPapa; 
surrexit *Pontifex : scripsitque statim in domi- 
ntim mentions^ in omnium brevium suorum ptin- 
cipiis. Nam ubi debuesset scribi * bursa gratidi 
f Dei grati&,' dixit," &c. 

Matthew Paris, as above quoted, records, 
that Jocelyn was one of those whom archbishop 
Backet anathematised in the year 1 166. Brom- 
ton, p% 1062, says, that he was excommunicated 
by Becket, in 1 170, because he gave his assent 
to the coronation of the younger Henry, in pre- 
judice of the church of Canterbury, a great of-- 
fence in those times. Hoveden, p. 162, under 
the year 1184, says, he was excommunicated 
not by Becket, but by the pope. 

Jocelyn, it seems, had oifende4 Becket, by 



139 

the part he took in the ** Constitutiotis of Claren«- 
dou;" the intent of which was to define the 
immunities of the clergy, and restrHin the power 
of excommunication* 

It was the object of Henry II. to keep the 
ecclesiastical privileges within due bounds, in 
which he was supported by Jocelyn, but opposed 
by Becket. The dissensions between thur 
monarch and Becket, and ^he fatal issue of them' 
are too well known to every reader of the history 
of England, to require a place in these pages. 

His ejection from his bishoprick, in the year 
1184, b recorded in the Annales WaverliensBft, 
p. Iftl. He then, it seems, from the same 
authority, took the habit of a Cistercian monk/ 
^ Jocelinus Epus Sarisb. dimisso Episcopata 
(actus est Monachus ordinis Cisterciensis." 

On the 18th November, in the same year, 
(1184) he died. <' Jo: Epus Saresbir. mortuus 
est A.D. 1184, factus ante Monachus Cister- 
ciensis.*' Leiand CoUectaneOf vol. ii. p. 3^0. 
He had sat bishop 42 years. He left a son, 
Reginald, who was bishop of Bath and Welln, 
and afterwards, for a short time, archbishop of 
Canterbury. Reginald occurs in Dugdale, 
Orig. Jurid. Cbron. Ser. p. 6. as Justiciary of 
the King in 1203 — 5th of John. A few notices of 
bim may be found in Whurton*s Anglia Sacra, 1, 




140 

,663. Leland calls him '* KegiDaldus Luin« 
bardus," aod says '^ electus postea fait in 
Archpni Gant. anno 1192, sed panlo post ante 
consecratus, mortuus est." Collectanea ii. p. 343. 
He adds (e4d. pag.) <^ Clericusreg^isJocelinQs 
fit Epus Bath. 1206." 

Our prelate recovered to the see of Saraiii» 
Cannings, and Potterne, by the interference of 
t!ie pope, in 1148, as is stated in the Hbt. of 
Sarisb. Cathedral, on the authority of a deed of 
restitution from the empress Maud, bearing date 
Faleise, Jun. 10, 1148, presei;ved amongst the 
chapter records. 

Bishop Jocelyn was buried at Old Sarum, 
and his bones were afterwards removed to the 
present cathedral, as Wa have already noticed 
under the authority of William de Wenda. 
7;here is on the south side of the tiave^ on the 
base, between the pillai-s njear the western en* 
trance^ <' a monumental effigy in relijBf, of a 
bishop in ponlificalibus, with a crozLer piercing 
a dragon, and surrounded with a border of birds 
4nd foliage, not inelegantly wrought. This 
atone,'' continues the author of the History of 
Salisbury Cathedml, p. 189, is supposed to have 
been dedicated to the memory of bishop Joce- 
line," (or rather, as I conceive it should have 
been e>:pre!$$ed), it has been supposed by some^ 



141 

Such sfuppositioiiy however, is erironeotls^ for the 
tombs of Roger and Jocelyn have been con* 
foonded. The otie with the border of birds and 
foliage I leave to bishop Roger ; for no rational 
doobt can exist that the monument described by 
Groogh, in the 2d vol. of the Arcbseologia, which 
Ae ascribes to Roger, in fact, belongs to Jocelyn. 
At page 193, that learned antiquary presents 
ns with a whole chapter of errors, some of which 
we shall notice in their place in subsequent lives, 
but at present I would advert particularly to his 
broad assertion, that ** these three [bishops Her- 
man, Osmund, and Roger,] are the only bishops 
of Old Sarum, who could possibly be buried 
tkereJ^ And why ? I would ask. Why might 
not Jocelyn have been buried there ? But not 
to proceed on possibilities, let us look to records. 
William de Wenda, a contemporary writer has, 
as we have more than once already noticed, 
expressly says, that the bodies of Osmund, Roger, 
and Jocelyn, were removed thence. And does 
Dot the removal of Jocelyn's body thence imply 
its antecedent burial there ? Nor is Gough ig- 
norant of de Wenda's assertion, for he quotes 
him in this very place : and farther, as his rea- 
son against the interment of Jocelyn at Old 
Samm, he says, *< the 4th and 5th bishops of 
Salisbury were translated to Canterbury, and 




142 

the Ia$t wa$i buried at Wilton/' Now tlie 4th 
and 5th were Jocelyn and Hubert Walter, and 
it happens that our Jocelyn was never arch* 
biahop of Canterbury, but his son, Reginald^ as 
already related : nor is it Hubert Walter, (who 
actually was afterwards translated to Canter- 
bury,) that was buried at Wilton j but Richard 
Poore, Walter's successor at Sarum. 



V. HUBERT WALTER, 

SuccKssiT A. D. 1188-a.— Trans, to Cant. A. D. 1193. 

Obiit A. D, 1205. 

Previously to Walter's succession the see had 
lain vacant between four and five years. 

According to Dugfdale, (Baronage, vol. 1, 
p. 633,) this prelate was one of the five sons of 
Hervey Walter by his wife Maud, daughter of 
Theobald de Yaloines* Hervey was son of 
Hubert Walter, of the counties of Norfolk and 
Suffolk, to whose estates there he succeeded. 
Our bishop was the eldest son. His next brother, 
Theobald, had large possessions in Lancashire, 
of which county he was sheriff from 6th Ric. I. 
to I. John, and was appointed butler of Ireland, 
from which ofiice he assumed the name of Butler^ 
^nd was founder of the noble house of Ormond. 



k 



148 

He wfis born^ as Tanner tells us in his 
Notitia Monastica, and as Spelman in the Icenia 
at West Dereham, in Norfolk, (see Blomefield^s 
Hist« of that coontyt vpK 4, p. 88, old edit.) 
though he does not occur in Fuller's Worthies^ 
He was edncated under Ralph GlanTille, who 
in 1181 was appointed Justiciary, and was much 
regarded by Archbishop Baldwin, through whose 
means he was raised from the deanery of York 
to the bishoprick of Sarum in 1188-9. Godwin, 
after Matthew of Westminster, says he was con- 
secrated Nov. 1 , 11 89. Ralph Dicetensis, Ytnqff. 
Hi$t. coL 648, says he was elected xvii Kal* 
Oct. and col. 649, consecrated xi Kal. Nov. 
118B, in the chapel of St. Catherine, Westmins« 
ter. Dicetensis ut supra calls him then dean of 
York, which post he had filled it seems upwards 
of 20 years. 

Archbishop Baldwin dying in 1191, left 
bishop Walter his executor. The latter accom- 
panied his distinguished patrons, Glanville and 
Baldwin, on their journey to Richard I. then 
in the Holy Land, and continued in the camp 
till the conclusion of the siege of Acre, during 
which they both died. 

While dean of York he purchased lands in 
West Dereham, and there founded a monastery 
for Praemonstratensian canons from Welbeck, 




144 

(see Tftnner N(fL Mon. Norfolk xxi. W. Dere- 
ham, and Dugtlale Monast. AngL vol. 2, p. 025. 
The date assigned hj Tanner to this foandotiaii 
is 1188 ex auth. M.S. Ashmole, 1519. Blomew 
field (Hist. Norf. vol. 4, p. 87,) says^ between 
1168 (when he was preferred to that deanery) 
and 1189, the date of his elevation to the see of 
Sarum. The land was purchased from Oeffiry 
Fitz-Geffry. The eanons were to pray for his 
soul, the souls of his father and mother, Ralph 
de Glanville and Berta his wife. This house 
was dedicated to the V. Mary, and was valued, 
26 Hen. YIII. at 228/. oh. q. per an. Dugd 
^252 12. 11. ob Speed. The site was granted 
to Thomas Dereham, 31. Hen. YIH. The 
charter of foundation may be seen in Dugd. 
Monast. vol.ii. p. 624, and Weaver's Funeral 
Monuments, p. 854. 

The first preferment in the church that I 
find Walter possessed of, was a fourth part of a 
portion of the church of Felmingham (Regist. 
Abbat de Holm. fol. 42. et 96, as quoted by 
Blomefield.) After this he was dean of York^ 
1 168, (Willis Cath. vol. 1 - p. 65. and Drake'sYork 
p. 558, where for Walker read Walter. Drake*s 
list is taken from the Monast. Reg. Mag. Alb. 
&c. by Torre.) Bishop of Salisbury 1189. 
(Willis Cath. up sup.) Arch bishop of Canterbury 



145 

lOa. Appointed Legate in 1196 by pope Ce^- 
sstine. Diceto, 679, adds, that he was invented 
ith an unheard of plenitude of power by the 
ommon favor of the cardinak. See also Ger^ 
cue X Script, p. 1679, line 64. Lord Chief 
Qstice the same year, 1 196. Dugd. Orig. Jwrid. 
Ihrom. Set. p. 6. Gervase says 1 194/ nt snp. 
nd Lord Chancellor in 1190. (ib.) '' In short, 
o clergyman before him, nor after him, says 
tlomefield, had so great power and . authority , 
nd no man ever used it with greater prudence 
nd moderation/' Gervase says, '' quasi regni 
ominus effectus esf X Scriptaries. 1680, col. 
. Ime 63. 

In the 3d of king John he had a grant of the 
nstody of the castle and forest of Windsor, 
lated May 4, ** Apud Aumorl,** (Albemarle) in 
IVance ; and in the same year one to recover all 
lis demesnes that had been lately alienated, dated 
kt Temole. (Blomefield, voL 4, p. 88, ed. 
Hurkin, Lynn 1775.) 

Blomefield represents him as witness to a 
iharter gpranted by king John, in his first year, 
the abbot and convent of West Dereham, for 
k weekly market on Wednesday, and an annual 
sir on four days, viz. St. Matthew^s and the 
brae following days, &c. dated at Westminster, 

li 



146 

Jane 10, but he gives no authority. Our bishop 
there signs ** Hubert, bishop of Salisbury." 

1^:^* Bishop Walter is remarkable for having 
in the year llOS, 6. Ric. 1. when archbishop of 
Canterbury, sent the form of an oath to be 
taken by every man throughout the whole realm, 
(Dwfd. Orig. Jut. p. 9, col. 1«) which Harris^ 
in his History of Kent, p. 533, col. !• thinka, 
and with great probability, was the oath of 

AI^LSGIANCE. 

He procured permission from king John, in 
his third year, to change the tenure of the lands 
belonging to the see of Canterbury from Gavel* 
kind to Knights Service. Harrises Kent.^ See 
Lambard's Perambulations, p. 588. 

He was the first that devised, aimo 1108, 
our assize of bread, Lambard^s PerambulatioMp 
p. 588 ; our weights and measures of wine, oil, 
com, &c. Somner*s Antiq. Cant. PL 1. p. 127, 
edit. Battely, Land. 1703. 

He also compassed the tower of London with 
a strong wall and deep moat, so that the water 
enclosed the same quite round, which before that 
time could never be brought to pass, (ib.) 
Somner adds, that '' he performed many other 
great works of inestimable charge, such as his 
ecclesiastical revenues alone could never have 



147 

enabled him to do, had not other helps from his 
secular offices been enjoined (united with them.) 
For at one time^ besides that he was archbishop 
and the pope's legate a latere, he was lord 
dmncellory lord chief justice, and high imme- 
diate goTemor (probably meaning justiciary) 
under king Ric. 1, of all his dominion's both in 
England and Wales. 

The bishop, with Ralph earl of Gloucester, 
and archbishop Baldwin, accompanied king 
Rich. 1, in the 2d year of his reign, to the Holy 
Land. Leland Collectanea, vol. 2, p. 305. Soon 
after the king's return from his expedition against 
the Saracens, Walter crowned him at Win- 
chester. (Somner^s Antiq. Cant edit Battehfp 
Pt. i, p. 69, and Gervase X Script col. 1 679, 
Kite 65.) He also crowned king John and queen 
Isabel, his last wife, A. D. 1301, at Westmins- 
ter, as Battely correctly says, but at Canterbury 
as Somner has it, pt. 1, p. 127. The latter is 
e?idently wrong in using the word 'there' as 
referring to Canterbury. Gervase says, ** venit 
in Angliam Johannes frater regis Ricardi et 
apud Westmonasterium coronatus est ab Huberto 
Cantuariensi Archiepo." (ib.) 

After having sat bishop of Salisbury 4 years, 
viz. from 1189 to 1193, and archbishop of Can- 
terbury almost 12, he died at his manor of 

1-2 




148 

Tenham, (Gervase vi sup. 1682, col.,b. line 67p) 
in the year 1205, and was buried July 13 ** ia 
the south wallt^f Christ Church, beside the qoireu 
His tomb is there extant," says Soniner, ^^ to 
this day, (Somner^s work was published ia 1703,) 
and is, as I take it, one of the most ancient ones 
that the church visibly affords. Fronoi the sitoa- 
tion whereof let me g^ve you this note, that the 
ancientest tombs in churches are so or alike 
situated, viz. in or along the church walls." 

Godwin says he died of a fever when on his 
journey to Rochester to settle the differences 
between the bishop and monks there. Richard* 
son says that Matthew Paris places his death at 
1205, July 13, and refers to p. 178, but on re-: 
ference to Paris it does not there occur. Read 
p. 212. Paris adds, *' Rege admodum gaudente 
quia de regis Francorum nimium familiariter 
saspectum habeatur."' Leland also fixes his 
death as above. Collectanea^ vol. 2, p. 339. 

.Gervase (X Script col. 1679,) has a long 
article, '' De Huberto Archiepo.'' He describes 
him as follows : '^ Erat statura procerus, consilio 
providus, ingenio callens licet non eloquio pol-^ 
lens.** At his death he gave many things of 
great value to his convent, which are recorded 
by Gervase as above. The same historian adds, 
that he competed the archbishop of York to 



i 



149 

lower his cross in his presence, (line 62.) The 
chdm to precedence, however, does not seem to 
have been decided by our archbishop, for we 
find York's pretensions renewed repeatedly, 
especially in the reign of Edward III. A 
nngnlar dispute on this subject is related by 
Weaver, Funeral Man. p. 306, which Edw. 
ni. put an end to, when renewed by Peck- 
ham of Canterbury, and Wickwane of York, 
** by decreeing that each of them should freely 
and without impeachment of the other, beare up 
his crosse in the other's province, but yet so that 
he of York and his successors for ever, in signe 
of subjection, should, within 2 months after their 
inthronization, either bring or send to Ganter- 
bory the image of an archbishop bearing a crosse, 
or some other jewell wrought in fine gold to the 
Tsloe of J040f and offer it openly there upon 
8t Thomas Becket's shryne: then that in alt 
synodes of the clergie, and assemblies where the 
king should happen to be present, he of Can* 
terbory should have the right hand, and the 
other the left. Finally, that in broad streets 
and high wayes their crosse bearers should go 
together, but in narrow lanes and in the entries 
of doors and gates, the crozier of Canterbury 
should go before, and the other follow and come 
behind/* 




150 

J)t. Harris, in his History of Kent (fol. Lond. 
1710f p. 633,) has brought together many inte- 
resting notices of this prelate, ^hich would have 
been more valuable had he adopted the plan of 
perpetual reference to authorities, and attended 
to the settlement of the dates connected with 
the preferments and acts recorded. Those pas* 
sages which I have verified by references to the 
authorities he partially cites, are inserted in the 
preceding memoir. The rest of his sketch fol- 
lows here, and being but a transcript must stand 
on its own basis. 

" Hubert Walter," says Dr. Harris, ** was 
born at W. Dereham, Norfolk, and educated 
under Reginald de Glanfield, justiciagr of all 
England. After his going into orders his first 
preferment was the deanery of York, and after 
that he was made bishop of Sarum, and while 
such he went with Rich. I. into the Holy Land^ 
and had the command of some English troops, 
with whom he perfoimed great services at the 
siege of Aeon in Palestine, and in other actions^ 

** He was made archbishop of Canterbury in 
1193, and probably for the zeal he shewed for 
the redemption of his master, K. R. who was 
taken prisoner by Leopold, duke of Austria. 

'< For, on the king's captivity, he came home 
into England, and raised 260,000 marks among 



161 

the dergy for hit enlargement-^a vast sum in 
those days. And, considering how odious his 
predecessor, Baldwin, had been to the monks, 
for not being of their order, he, while his pall 
was coming from Rome, went to Merton abbey, 
and th^re professed himself a monk. 

^ Soon after his advan cement to the arch- 
bidioprick, and while the king was a prisoner, 
he held a council of the earls, bishops, and 
barons, on account of the base conspiracies with 
Philip, king of France, and the disasters conse- 
quent thereon, raised by earl John, the king's 
lm>ther, and who was there diseized of all his 
lands, excommunicated, and his castles ordered 
to be l^ieged. He was then justiciary of 
England, and, as some say, regent, lord chan- 
cellor, and pope's legate j but some time after 
this, the pope advised K. R. not to let him act 
as justiciary any longer, nor to admit for the 
fature any bishop or priest into that, or such like 
great secular o£Bces, because no doubt he feared 
his power ; and that it would attach the clergy 
too much to the state of England, and prompt 
them to advise the king to become more inde- 
pendent of the pope. 

^* The king complied in some measure with 
this : Hubert was moved from being justiciary, 
and Fitz Peter placed in his room. But he was 



. / 




163 

not removed from his place of chancellor, onleaa 
he was put in again afterwardSf for he hdd that 
Qjffice at his death. 

*' Archbishop Parker saith, he made only a 
feint of resigning that g^reat office, on nccoont of 
its being inconsistent with the duty of his arch<r 
bishoprick, and that the king took him at his 
word, at which Hubert was afterwards very wh* 
easy. 

^^ Matt. Paris says, '^ Nullus Clericqs nisi 
Causidicus.'* He speaks indeed of K. W. U.*a 
reign, for th^, and tiU the time of K. Edw. I. 
almost all the offices of the law were executed 
by priests. But that wise king began to bring 
laymen into offices of the law, and judiciary 
proceedings. It is plain, therefore, that thift 
demand of the pope about Hubert, was particu-*' 
larly levelled at him and his power, and was not 
designed, as the pope pretended, only to take the 
olergy off from being engaged in secular em-< 
ployments. 

^ A. D. 1106. Hubert, as the pope's legate, 
held a council at York, the king being present, 
where many thingpi were dpne towards reform-f 
ing the manners of the clergy. Vide ffaveckn^ 
in a9' 1189, and Condi. Brit* iom. or. p. 1791. 

^' 1198. Being a kind of lieutenant of all 
Spglaqd, h^ gathered a great force, and got l^ 



L 



153 

victory over the Welsh, who had then rebelled : 
and as soon as he retained to London he resigned 
his office. 

^ 1199« He made a speech in favor of king 
John's claim to the crown of England, alleging 
that the crown ought to go according to the 
general consent of the whole nation; and ac- 
cordingly king John was elected, and h^ crowned 
him; and the king either continued him, or made 
him anew, lord chancellor of England, and the 
archbishop got, but with great difficulty, a 
seventh part of their goods from the clergy, for 
the king's use. The same year, Hubert, de- 
ngning to hold a synod at Westminster without 
the king's special writ, who was then in France, 
6eoffi-y Fitz Peter, the justiciary, bravely sent 
him a prohibition against it. However, Hubert, 
as pope's legate, would hold a council, and there 
several things were ordered which seem not to 
have been thought obligatory, because enacted 
without the king's license, and therefore the 
decrees are omitted by Lyndwood, &c. This 
Hubert did out of spite to the king, in whom he 
found himself disappointed. 

*' 1200. Hubert held another synod at London 
for the reformation of several things in the church, 
though Oalfride, earl .of Essex, the king's jus- 
ticiary, had prohibited him. Uaveden. CondL 




164 

Brit. tarn. 11. p. 123. He had, as his predeces- 
sor, Baldwin, many bickerings and contests witk 
his monks of Gh : Gh : in Ganterbnry, and who, 
by bribing the pope to espouse their quarrel, got 
the better of him in all his attempts against them, 
for, though he completed the exchange begnn 
by Baldwin with the bishop of Rochester, of 
Darent, &c. for Lambeth, and designed to go 
on with a chapel and college there, which Bald« 
witi had beg^n, yet they influenced the pope to 
make him put an entire stop to it. And all 
Hubert could obtain at Rome, after the matter 
liad hung there a great while, was, that if he 
would pull that chapel down, he might build 
another on a new foundation, and whidi he 
might endow with revenues of JClOO per annum, 
and place it in 20 canons or prebendaries* But 
it was expressly prohibited, that any bishop 
should be consecrated there, any abbots blessed, 
any chrism made, or any orders there conferred. 
And they had so good an interest in the Roman 
court, that doubtless they obtained from the 
pope that prohibition which was sent to him 
against his holding any secular employments 
with his archiepiscopal office. 

'* He died 1205, and was buried in the south 
wall of the church of Ganterbury, but without 
any inscription; for the tomb is still visible. 



166 

(1719f) and appears to be one of the most ancient 
in this present church, as Mn Somner thinks. 

^^ The place of his death was a house which 
the archbishops of Canterbury seem then to have 
had at Tenham. 

^^ Matt. Paris saith, king John was much 
pleased at the news of his death, saying he never 
was king till then : but this joy was but of short 
continuance^ for the next successor, Stephen 
Langton, proved a much greater plague to him, 
for by his means it is probable he lost not <mly 
his honor and his kingdom, but his life also* 

** The cause of king John's hatred (besides 
the general envy, that his ambition, profuse, and 
pompous way of living produced) was probably 
this : the king had got together 4000 mariners, 
and a powerful land army, with a design to 
recover his dominions in France, but just when 
the king was ready to embark at Portsmouth, 
by Hubert's and the earl of Pembroke's unac- 
countable persuasions, all tbe expedition waa 
pat by, and the men disbanded. This terribly 
enraged the king, so, that as soon as he was dead, 
he seized on all his goods and possessions. 

*^ He built a monastery at W. Dereham, in 
Norfolk, where he was bom, and began another 
rt Wolverhampton, in Staffordshire, for Cister- 




156 

eian monks. [It was not completed. See Tan^ 
ner's Not Man.] 

** He mach increased the revenues of his see, 
and adorned it with a great many somptaoua 
and stately buildings^ as bishop Godwin. 

*^ In his temper he was immoderately ambi- 
tions, and a mighty admirer of pomp and gran- 
dear in his way of living, by which he con- 
tracted the envy of the nobility, and king John 
went once to Canterbury on purpose to put him 
to expense, with a great train of company and 
attendance. 

** But he was withal, a man of great prudence 
and exact justice, and though possessed of more 
power than any archbishop before him ever had, 
ran into but few extravagancies and excesses. 
But he was but little skilled in ecclesiastical 
affiurs, and had more of the virtues of a general 
and a judge than of a bishop and a metropo- 
Htan. However, he was a true lover of his 
counfry, its laws and liberties^ and did very good 
offices for it, both with king Richard and king 
John.'* 



157 



VI. HERBERT PAUPER, or POORE. 

SuccESSiT A. D. 1194 Obiit a. D. 1216. 

Of this prelate, Godwin merely says, that he 
was consecrated in 1194 — that by some he is 
called Robert, and that besides his being* arch- 
deacon of Canterbury, he can find no other 
notice of him. 

He seems to have been originally a canon of 
Salisboryt for Ralph Diceteusis says, in his 
Ymag. Hist. p. 673. an. 1194, that the canons of 
Samm not then having a dean, unanimously 
elected bishop, ^^ fratrem suum et concanoni- 
cum,** Herbert, archdeacon of Canterbury , whom 
Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury, ordained 
priest. Ap. 29, the day of Pentecost. The fol- 
lowing Sunday he was consecrated by the same 
in the chapel of St. Catherine, Westminster, 
and enthroned also by him, June 13. 

Battely (see Swaner^s Antiq. Cant. pt. 2. 
p. 151) observes, that Herbert was archdeacon 
of Canterbury at the time when archbishop 
Richard constituted three archdeacons, and con- 
tinued in this dignity till he was elected bishop 
of Sarum, in 1193, \rectias 1194. so Gervase 
X Scrip.'] He was witness to a charter of king 
Henry II. (Formulare Anglic. Ixxxvi) sans datep 



168 

and to a charter (ibid xcv.) of king Richard I. 
dated *^ anno regni sui 1^* Nov. 10.'* He fined 
to king Richard I. in 100/. to have the castody 
of the heirs of Alexander de Barentin (Barring- 
ton) with their inheritance daring their minority, 
and was acquitted of the said fine in the great 
roll of the dth year of that king (** Nova oblata 
per Archpm Rothamagensem et alios Justi- 
tiarios, Herbertas Archdnus Cantnsis [debet] 
C lb pro habenda custodia hseredum Alexandri 
de Barentin, &c/* Ex magna Rot. Pip® 4 
Ric. Rot 11, 6. Tit. Lond. et Midx. 

He occurs as one of the king's justices at 
Westminster, in Dugdale Orig. Jur. Chron. 
Series, p. 5, in the year 1109. 10. Ric. 1. 

Hasted, in his History of Kent, vol. 4. p. 777, 
is wrong in referring respecting this prelate to 
Ralph de Diceto, col. 522. That passage refers 
to Hubert (our last bishop) and not to Herbert. 
Other writers, for want of attention, have con- 
founded these two prelates in a similar manner. 

Le Neve, Fastis p. 11, says that " Herbert 
enjoyed the archdeaconry of Canterbury in 
1176,'* and « believes he held it in 1195, if not 
after ;'' contrary to Battely's assertion, that he 
ceased to be archdeacon in 1 193. 

On referring to Rgmer's Fcederaj vol. 1 , p. 90, 
quoted by Le Neve, we find Carta Confirma- 



160 

tioDis Ezcambii anno 1 195, signed '< H. Archi- 
diaoonns Cantaariensis/' 

The Annales Waverlienses, p. 183, line 5, 
say that he died at Salisbury, A. D. 1216| and 
that he was buried at Wilton. Leland says^ 
'< A. D. 1217, obiit Herebertus Epus Saresbri/ 
coi saccessit R. Epiis Cicestren." CoUecianeaf 
vd. 2, p. 339. 

He was the last of the bishops of Old Sarum, 
and was succeeded at New Sarum, by his brother 
Kichard. 



leo 



BISHOPS 

OF 

NBW SARUM OR SALISBURY. 



YII. RICHARD POORE. 

SvccBSSiT A. D. 1317.— —Trans. Di^aHAM h. D. 1SS8. 

Obiit a. D. 1238. 



Camden, in his Britannia edited by Gibson, 
1722, vol. 1, p. 114, calls bishop Richard Poore 
hntthiT of his predecessor, bnt, from the inscrip-* 
lion on the monument to the memory of Edward 
Poore, Esq. barrister at law, erected in the 
cathedral in 1817, which inscription is copied 
at the end of this memoir, it would appear that 
the names of the two brothers were, Richardf 
the bishop who founded the cathedral, and Philip 
of Amesbury, from whom the existing family of 
Poore, raised to the equestrian order in 1795, 
descends. No mention is there made of Her* 
bert. He was a native of Tarrant, county Dorset, 
(see Monumental Inscription from Leland, in 
a subsequent page of this work,) and was some- 



V 

J 



time dean of Salisbury, as Godwin (depr^suh 
p. 343,) says, after Matthew of Westminster. 
Willis informs us he was dean of Sarom in 1197. 
(Cathedr. 1 .238,) and Le Neve the same, (ex one. 
Amud. Wimtan.J He was consecrated bishop of 
Chichester, in 1215, being then dean of Sarum. 
** Anno gratise, 1215,** (says the author of the 
Fhres Hist. p. 274, line 43.) <• 8 Ral. MartU 
Magister Ricardus, decanus Sarum in Cicestren- 
sem/* On the 27th June, 1217 — 8, he was 
translated to the see of Sarum. Leland says,- 
<* R.[icardus] Epiis Cicest * fit epus Sarum 1228» 
et postea Epus Dunelm.* ** This is evidently a 
misprint for 1218, (though the true ilate I con- 
ceive to be 1217,) and he immediately adds, 
** cni successit anno 1228 Robertus de Bing- 
ham.** As it stands in Leland, it would appear 
that he was translated to and from Sarum in 
1228, which is directly contrary to historical 
(acts. See Collectanea. 2. p. 339. From Sarum 
be was translated to Durham in 1228. ** Anno 
gratise 1 228, Richardus Sarum Epus ad enndem 
Episcopatum (sc. Dunelmensem) transfertur 
postulatas.** Flares Hist. p. 286. line 55. 
Matthew of Westminster has omitted tde inser- 
tion of his promotion to Sarum in IS 17. God- 
win, speaking of the date of Kis promotion tu 
Durham, says, " aut ut aliqui habent 1225/* 




1€» 

The aHquif whoever .they may be, are wrong ; 
1228 is the true date. Willis says, he obtaipied 
the royal assent for the bishoprick of Durham, 
July 22, 1228. Cathedrals 1. 238. 

K\ng Stephen, on his quarrel with bishop 
Roger, having seized the castle belonging to. 
the bishops at Old Sarum, took it out of tlieir 
hands and placed there a governor and garrison 
of his own. This being looked upon as a vio« 
lation of the liberties of the church, occasioned 
frequent differences between the clergy and their 
military intruders, which induced the bishop and 
canons to think of a removal. The want of 
water has generally been assigned as a joint 
reason with the insolence of the soldiery for the 
intended translation of the cathedral to New 
Sarum* But Holllngshed opposes this generally 
received opinion, and ascribes the removal solely 
to the annoyance they received from the garri- 
risoo. It appears from a section and plan of 
Old Sarum, prefixed to Price's " Account, &c.** 
that the cathedral was situated within the cir- 
cumvallation of the garrison towards the wes^ 
tern edge. HoUingshed relates a story of the 
Castellans, on one occasion, shutting out the £e* 
clesiastics, when engaged in a solemn procession. 
This, or some such incident, furnished Dr. 
Walter Pope, the friend and companion .of 



les 



» 

biAop Sedi Ward, with the ground work 6f f be 
foHoWiiig stanzas. 

Old Sftnuft #fts boilt oa a dry btttren MU, 
A great ^asy years ago; 
Twas a Roman town 
Of itrengfh and renown, 
Aa ita stately rains diew. 

tlierein was a castle for men of arms, 

And a eloister for men of the gown : 
There were friars and. monks. 
And liara and punks, 
Tho' not any whose names are come down. 

The soldiers and chorchmeil did not long agree, 
F6r the snrly men with the hilt on, 
Made sport at the gate. 
With the prieata that came late. 
From shriving the nuns at Wilton. 

Bishop Poore came to the resolution of re- 
moTing the cathedral and see to New Sarum, 
wiMe, in a place called Miryfield in the monq* 
mental inscription from Leland, bat by Cam- 
den Mtrryfield. {Brit. edit. Gibson, vol. 1. p. 
1 W. sq.) quasi ager latus^ and by Willis, Mary- 
fiM, (Cath. 1. 238.) he, in 1219, as the inscrip- 
tioD says, though Camden has it 1220, com- 
menced the present cathedral, dedicated to the 
Yirgin Mary, but it was not completed for 40 
years, ** quadragesimo post anno peractum et 
dedkatiim, 1258* 43. H. 3. rege ibi praesente, 

m2 



J 



164 

^g^dio [Bridport] episcopo conseorante/' Ijt-^ 
land Collect. 1. 118. — '< Ad qood opus promon 
vendum'* says Matthew Paris, ** non tantum 
episcopusy imo Rex. et cum eo multi magnates 
mauum parrexeruut adjutricem/^ Hist, Ang. 
vol. \j 439. Pandulph, the papat l^^te, as 
Godwin says, placed the first five stones^ — the 
1st for the pope ; the 2d for the kiug ; the 3d 
for the earl of Salisbury ; the 4th for bis countess, 
and the 5th for the bishop. But Matthew Paris, 
vol. 1. p. 439, says, '^ ipso (sc. Poore) primum 
lapidem compooente/' He says nothing of 
Pandulph. Richardson, for these particulars, 
refers to M. Paris, p. 370, but no mention there 
occurs of them ; read vol. 1 . p. 438. He has 
fallen into the same error at page 740 of his 
edition of Cfodwin de prtesuUbus^ note h. where 
also, for p. 370, read M. Paris, vol. 1« p. 438« 
An interesting account of the transactions con- 
nected with the translation of the cathedral, and 
a copy of the indulgence from the apostolic see 
is given by Price, in his account of Old Sarum, 
p. 4. sq. but rendered totally useless by the indo«, 
lent and reprehensible habit of omitting the cita-. 
tion of authority — the greatest error in an histo- 
rical point of view, as leaving the reader unable 
to distinguish between truth and fiction. 

The bishop, in his Constitutions, as we ffre^i 



idft 

tM by Camdetif edit: Oibsan, vol. 1. p. Ilfi, 
reMmnended to all priests in his diocese to pat 
ijing persons in mind of a charitable contribu- 
tfOD to this bis intended fabric, Tehich Hutchins, 
Jlifl. Denet. vol. 2. p. 43. old edit says, was 
dediciited in the time of Giles Bridport, Sept. 
90| 1268. This is after Godwin and Leland, 
as above qaoted, but the monumental inscription 
already alliided to^ which I deem the most au- 
thentic evidence, says, " 8. Cal. Ap. 1260.'' 
Ahfaoogh this very inscription is preserved by 
Leland himself^ yet that antiquary assigns a 
diftrent date to the event. 

Tanner, in his Notitia Monastica, edit. Nas- 
mitkf Comb. 1787, tells us, that in the year 
1280, which was subsequent to his translation to 
Durham, he founded an abbey of Cistercian 
mills ni Tarrant, Co. Dorsetf to the honor of the 
Virgin Mary and All Saints. Tanner adds, 
*' Richard, bishop of Durham, ihe founder, and 
Richard Poore, are not two persons, as Magna 
Brit. Antiq. et Nov. p. 577, has it.'' Leland thus 
notices this foundation, '^ Tarente Abbat. Mo- 
oitl. Cistertien. Disecesis Sarum. Richardus 
[Poore] epns Dunelmensis fundator qui obiit 
1287. 32. H. 3.'' Collectanea. 1. p. 67. This 
religious house was first built by Ralph de 
Kaiiaines^4emp. Rie. 1« near his mansion; but 



) 
I 



ikvvgh Kaliaipe» wbb the original fomidery 
bishop Poow WW the principal one. Hotcbioiy 
after Ma^tbev Paris, adds, that he gave it to the 
Queen, nrho chose it for her bnrial place: 
^* illam dedit reginse ubi sibi elegit sepoltnrwi.*' 
Parti Hist. yd. X. p. 439. Grodwin in treating 
of the Darham bishops, erroneoqsly calls Taren^ 
in Wilts, page 740, line 23, ** Ccenobium moni- 
alibus fundf^vit Tharentee in Comitatu Wilto- 
niensi,** &c. read Darsetensi. In his Engtiab 
edition of 1601, at p. 516, he also mis-calls the 
place " Tharent in Wiltshire." 

This prelate also built the hospital of St«. 
Nicholas, for poor people near the college of 
Yaox, in Salisbury. 

The death of Richard de Mariscoe, bish<^ 
of Durham, 1226, produced the usual contests 
between the church and the crown, as to the 
aj^intment of a new bishop. The kiog re* 
commended his chaplain, Luke ; the convent, in 
opposition to his wishes, made choice of William 
de Stitchell, archdeacon of Worcester; and the 
pontiff, at the royal request, pronounced the 
election void. The monks proceeded to choose 
Richard Poore, and after some reluctance on 
the part of the pontiff, he procured a decree for 
his translation, on the 14th of May, 1228« 
Graystanes erroneously says, he was enthroned 



Id? 

in 1SS6. Anff. Sac. 1 . 736. He had restitution 
of the temporalties July 22, and was enthroned 
it Durham, Sept. 4, following. Bishop Poore 
htd the good fortune to terminate the disputes 
Hpfaidi had existed between the convent and the 
two preceding prelates, by a solemn act of con- 
Tention, in 1231, and discharged the debt of 
11,000/. with which his predecessor had loaded 
the revenues of the church. Matthew Paris. 
Hist. voL 1. p. 439| and Sartees^s Durham, vol. 
h'p. xxviii. See also Simon Dunelm. p. 296. 
tUt. Lmd. 1732. S^- 

Sensible of his approaching dissolution, thi^ 
holy man, having assembled the people, ddivered 
to thetn a solemn exhortation, in which he took 
occasion to intimate his consciousness of the 
rapid advance of death, and solicited forgiveness 
of all whom he might have offended. This was 
repeated the second day, and on the third he 
distributed to his relatives and dependents, re^ 
wards, apportioned to their respective merits, 
atid having severally bid a long farewell to those 
\m loved, died in the act of prayer, uttering the 
words, '^ In pace in id ipsum dormiam et re- 
quiescam'* See M. Paris, ut sup. and after him, 
Godwin, edit. Richardson, p. 740, among the 
Durham prelates, and Engl. edit. 1601. p. 517. 

His decease took place at his native spot. 



168 

Tarrant. Willis saysy at Tarrant Monai»tery. 
Cathedrals 9 vol* 1, 238. See abo Harpsfieldf 
His(» Aug. Ecc. p. 460. llifs heart being buried 
there and his body at Durham. Ex Epilaph. 
A cenotaph, with the following inscription^ as 
recorded by Leland, Itinerary ^ vol. iii. p. 92, or 
foL 62, was erected to his memory in Salisbury 
Cathedral. 

(<< Ex tabella in Sacello S. Mariie;') 
'< Orate pro anima Ricarde Poure, quondam 
*' Sarum Episcopi, qui Ecclesiam banc inchoari 
*' fecit in quodam fundo ubi nunc fundata est ex 
<< antiquo nomine Miryfelde in honorem B* 
'< Yirg. Marife 3 Cal. Maii in festo S. Yitalis 
<< Martyris, A. D. 1219. regfuante tunc. Rege 
*' Richardo [read Henrieo] post Conquestom 
<< primo, [read tertiOf as apply i ng to Hen •] Fuit« 
<< que Ecclesia bsec in sedificando per spatium 40 
« annorum temporibus trium regiun, viz. ante- 
** dicti Richardif Joannis et Henrici 3. et cour 
'' summata 8 Cal. Ap. A. D. 1260. Iste Ri^ 
^< cardus Epils fundavit missam B. M. Y. soleiH 
'' niter in hac capella quotidie celebrandain et 
<^ appropriavit Rectoriam de Laverstocke ad 
*' sustentationem ejusdem missae. Qui quideni 
'* Ricbardus Epus postea translatus fuit ad 
^ Episcqpatum Dunelmensem : fundavit que 



<' flKmasterintn apud Terraant in Com. Dorset: 
** obi Datus ; ibiqoe cor ejus, corpus Tero apud 
« Dorefaain hamatam est. £t obiit 15 die April. 
« Aii^- D. MCCXXXVII. XXI. H. 3.'' 

If 1260 be the true date for the completion 
of the Cathedral, it was 42 years boilding. 

This epitaph says, his heart was buried at 
Tarrenty and his body at Durham : but Gray- 
stanesy AngUa Sacra, vol. 1. p. 735. says, '< Obiit 
iqpiid Tarentum et ibidem in abbathia monalinm, 
sient vivens prseceperat, est humatus.** 

Mr. Gougfa, in the ArcJueologiaf vol. 2. p. 193, 
Tery jnatly observes, that ** it seems strange 
bnhop Poore, the founder of the cathedral, should 
not have a monument in it ; and he seems sur- 
prised tliat he is not in Leland's List of Bishops 
buried there. Had he turned to the 3d vol. 
of Leland*s Itinerary, p. 92, or fol. 62, he 
would have met with this inscription, which 
would have shewn him haw it necessarily 
happened that his name could not have oc« 
enrred in Leland*s List of Bishops buried in 
Salisbury cathedral, and for this plain reason,-— 
that he was not buried there. It would be in- 
teresting to ascertain the date of the erection of 
this cenotaph, and the cause of its removal. 
Willis and Richardson, as referred to by Gough, 



190 

are both misinldrnied respecting this prdhite*s 
borial place. 

The aboire inscription has been partiaily 
copied by Richardson, p. 344, ieind by Hutchins^ 
Hist. Dorsetf 2, p. 43, col 2, old edit, j but his 
reference in the note to the Itinerartf is wrong, 
for '' vol. 2, p. 37/' read vol. 3, p. 92. Richards 
son is also totally incorrect, p* 740, in the Dur- 
ham Prelates, in saying that bishop Foore was 
buried at Salisbury. Nothing is more common 
and absurd than the confounding tombs ami 
cenotaphs, which latter are, in fact, as the ety«> 
mology proves, empty tombs, erected to : the 
memory of persons whose remains are elsewhere* 
Godwin, with equal incorrectne«,, says he waii 
buried at Tarrant. Browne Willis, Cath. If 
238, quotes the Anfflia Sacra, though he doea 
not cite the passage as saying that he was buried 
in Durham chapter house. The same author 
also transcribes the inscription, and adds, thai 
'^ his beginning Salisbury cathedral, as meih* 
tinned there, in the reign of Rich. I. is a niis^ 
take, for he was not bishop there till Henry 
the Third's time, though be was dean anno 
H07, about two years before king Richard's 
death.'* This anachronism is evident ; and wte 
only wonder, if Leiand has copied faithfuWy, 
how so erroneous an assertion could have found 
its way into the epitaph. 



171 

The reiBOTal of the cathedral and lee is that 
eomqieiided by Matthew Paris : ** Ad ejotdem 
qooque apectat praecoiiiuin immoitale qadd ec- 
dfitjam BaliflburieDsem a loco convexo, arido et 
C8stl!0 comitiB vicino ad locom transtulit compe* 
teatem/' He calk him ** vir eximise sanctitatia 
et ]nnofandn scientiae." As Paris was his cod* 
temporary^ he was likely to have heard of the 
bidiop*8 literary acquirements, though none of 
his works have come down to us. Such a cha^ 
meter as this from a writer of such probity as 
Paris, is invaluable, and instar omnium. The 
monk of St. Alban's survived bishop Poore 21 
years. Godwin calls him ** Ob plurimas animi 
▼irbites vir merito celeberrimus." Harpsfield, 
p. 460, commends him for the removal of the 
see in these terms : ** Cui immortalem ilia (sedes 
Sarisb) gratiam debet quod cum prius in loco 
valde incommodo, arduo, arido, castroque co- 
mitis vicino posita esset illius opera et magno 
samptu in eum qui bodie visitor locum certe 
aqois, et aliis omnibus commodis affluentem sit 
traoslata/' 

Mr. Surtees, Hist. Dur. 1. p. xxviii, says, 
^ the seal of Richard Foore is the only one 
which is wanting in the Durham series. His 
ooly charter there is a confirmation of the liber- 
ties of Hartlepool.' ' 




17t 

Leland tells us in hisltmtraryf vol. 2, p. 79, or 
fdi. 49, that ** Rogenis [read Ricardiis] le Poure, 
biflshof) of Saresbyri in Henry the First tyme,' 
bnildid this castelle (SherbomJ and cftst a greit 
dike without it and made a false mnre wifbotlt 
the dike/' Bat this statement of Leland is 
corrected by Heame, who says, ** There hatl^ 
been a castle long before this time at Sherbom, 
as I gather from a very old book of charten^ 
made by divers kings and other illnstrions per^^ 
flonages to Sherborn abbey. I suppose, tberefore, 
that Roger [meaninff Richard] Poure bailt this 
castle on the same ground on which the former 
castle had been erected, and perhaps there were 
at that time abundance of ruins remaining of the 
old castle which might be made use of uptm this 
occasion. From this book it is manifest, that 
though R. Poure, bishop of Sarum, was a great 
benefactor to the abbey, yet it had been built 
long before by Wlsin, bishop of Sherborn, 
namely, in the year 998, at which time king 
Ethelred gave him leave to change the secular 
canons here into benedictine monks, which ac- 
cordingly he forthwith did, and built another 
monastery, which was afterwards enriched with 
a very considerable quiintity of lands, all which 
were confirmed by pope Eugene HI. in the 
year 1 145,** &c. 



17a 

Willis calk bishop Poore ** a man of rare 
letmiog and integrity, and a g^reat benefactor 
to every place he had relation to. Being in 
1215 made bishop of Chichester, he purchased 
ooto that chorch Amport in Hants, and being 
thaice, AP' 1217, removed to Sarum, begun in 
1219 the stately cathedral there, now in being, 
esteemed for its elegant architecture one of the 
wonders of the kingdom, and founded a college 
in that city/' (Cathedrals among the bishops of 
Dorham, voL 1, p. 238.) Harpsfield adds, (Hist. 
Angl. Ecc. p. 409,) ^* Ad Dunelmensem postea 
eeclesiam accitus est et ibi quoque magna pie- 
tatis so» testimonia relinquens et ingens les 
aliennm quo praedecessore ipsius Ricardo oh* 
strieta erat dissolvens/' 

Before I close this article I shall transcribe 
the hitherto unprinted (as I believe) monumental 
inscriptions which appear on an elegant tomb 
lately erected in Salisbury cathedral to the me- 
mory of some of the family of Poore, collaterally 
related to our prelate. 




174 



In the nave of this Cathedral 

are depoaited the remains of 

EDWARD POORE and RACHEL his wife 

He died May 19. 1780 aged 76 

She died June 10. 1791 aged 63 

They had two sons 

(on whose deaths without issue 

the male representation of this ancient family 

devolved on the Poores of Rushall descended from 

his grandfather Edward Poore of Figheldeane) 

and four daughters 

The survivors of whom 

ELEANORA and CHARLOTTE 

caused this monument 

of respect and veneration to their 

lamented Parents 

to be erected 

A. D. 1817. 

Below are the arms of Poore— viz. — Ar. a fess 
Az« betw. 3 mullets G. 

liucnption on the dexter side. 

EDWARD POORE 

Barrister at law . 
One of the King's Justices of the great Sessions 

of Wales 

and sometime Representative in Parliament 

For this City and the borough of Downton 

Derived his descent in a direct line from 

PHILIP POORE 

of Amesbury 

brother of Richard, Bishop of this diocese 

And Founder A. D. 1220 of this Cathedral. 



176 

Below are the Arms of Poore, as above ; an in- 
escutcheon of Pretence, £rm. a water budget S. 

Itucriptian on the siniiter tide. 

RACHEL 

the wife of Edward Poore 

was the sole daugliter and heiress 

of George MuUins of the Close, M. D. 

hjr Rachel daughter of Strode Bingham 

of Melcomb Bingham in the county of Dorset 

who derived his descent from the Brother 

of Sohert Bingham the immediate Successor of 

Bishop Poore in this see 

and also a very zealous Promoter 

of the building of this Cathedral. 

Below is a shield quarterly. Ist and 4th Poore. 
2d and 3d S. a stag's head caboshed between 2 
flanches Ar. for Parker, of Dean, Hants. 

There is a tradition in the Poore family, (as 
lam informed by sir Edward Poore, Baronet,) 
that the original branch was possessed of a tower 
and village at Le Poer^ in Normandy, (the an- 
cient name of Ihe family), and that they came 
to this country in the suite of the Conqueror. 




176 



YIII. ROBERT BINGHAM. 

SuccKssiT A. D. 1228-9. Obiit A. D. 1246. 

Richardson, p. 344, calk him son of Sir 
Ralph Bingham (** Radulphi Bingham militis/*) 
on the authority of Claua. 33, H. 3. On bishop 
Poore*s translation to Durham, the canons of 
Sarum chose, about Christmas A. D. 1228 (infra 
dies natalitios) Robert de Bingham, one of their 
own number, bishop. (Matthew Westminster, 
p. 187, an. 1228.) The Regist. Cant, as quoted 
by Richardson, says he was consecrated at WiU 
ton by J. bishop of Bath and Wells, and W. 
bishop of Worcester, in 1229; but Matthew 
Westminster, p. 228, says, '' Apud Septoniam ;** 
Richardson contradicts what Westminster has 
not asserted. The former says, '' dies vero as- 
signata, scil. 22, non fuit dominica.'* I do not 
find any day assigned in Westminster. 

Bishop Grodwin says he diligently forwarded 
the building of the cathedral commenced by his 
predecessor, but was unable to complete it, 
though he presided here 20 years, ('^ quanquam 
viginti annis ecclesiee prsefuerit,'*) p. 344. This 
is an error; for being appointed in 1228, and 
dying, as we shall shew he did, in 1246, he 



177 

could not have presided here 20 years, bat only 
17. Godwin and Westminster are at issue as 
to his completion of the fabric. Godwin, we 
see, speaks in the negative : while Westminster, 
p. 288, has these words, ** qui fabricam novas 
ecclesiffi suee non segniter prosecutus, ipsam fe- 
liciter consummen^iL** 

Tanner observes (Not. Mon. art. SaUsb.) 

that Harnham Hospital, or the hospital of St. 

Nicholas, was probably only begun by bishop 

Poore, but that it was chiefly carried on and 

. endowed by bishop Bingham about the year 

124& In his ordination of the hospital he is set 

forth. almost as sole founder, and it is therefore 

«ud that be built the great bridge at Harnham, 

and the chapel of St. John the Baptist on the 

said bridge, where two chaplains from the hos* 

pital were to attend every day. His building 

the bridge, and changing the western road, 

which before came through the village of Be- 

merton to Old Sarum, essentially contributed to 

the benefit of Salisbury. 

Bishop Bingham died at an advanced age, 
Noyember 1246. Matthew Paris, vol. 2, p. 718, 
iBif 1246, records his death thus : '^ eodemque 
anni tempore obiit piae memoriae Epus Sarisbir* 
Magister Robertus de Bingham [misprinted 

N 




17$ 

Umgkam^ Tirtutibus radimitufl^ plenws 4ifsfim 
et literaturse seientia ad plenum eruditus. Dch 
mum tamen mille et septuagentifi marcis reliqoil^ 
pbligatom." Paris vas his cocit^mporaryy and 
survived him 13 years. Following in ^he iUjfH 
of Paris, whom he imitated with great care, thi^ 
author of Flares Hisioriarum, the accurate IVIatr 
ihew of Westminster, notices our prelate*s 4^ath 
tlms: '' Eodem tempore (1246) obiit pise me* 
moriee Epus Sarisbir* Robus de Bingham in 
crastino animarum, vir, sine querela plenus die* 
mm et virtutibus redimitus,'* p. 330. Witb 
thesie records Leland also tallies, ** Robus d% 
Bingham qui obiit 1246." CoUeclanea 2, 338* 

The historian of Sarum Cathedral, p. 21S» 
observes, ** In the N. aisle of the choir is the 
tomb ascribed to bishop Bingham, who died 
Nov. 3| 1246. He lies under a flat pointed arch 
ornamented with 10 figures of angels, forming 
crockets, surmounted by a rich finial. In the 
centre of the arch a species of open pyramid, 
composed of pinnacles, rises above the screen of 
the choir, and displays an exquisite specimen of 
stone-work. The slab was inlaid with brass, 
representing a cross fleury, charged with the 
figure of a bishop, and four lozenges, now 
gone.*' 



170 

Edmondstone gires the arms of Btnghatn, of 
Bingham's Melcomb, C^- Dorset, Az. a bend 
ooliaed between 6 crosses formee. 0. 

Of the Binghams^ Fuller in his Worthies^ 
under Dorset, vol. 1, p. 313, edit. Nichols 1811, 
obsenres that sir Richard Bingham, eminent for 
hb senrices in Ireland, temp. EHz. [and, as I 
conceive, in all probability founder of the noble 
Ikmilj of Lncan,] was of as ancient a family as 
mny in the county. He says he himself had 
^ aeen an inquisition of lands taken out of the 
Tower rolls, which William de Bingham, his 
ancestor, held there temp. Hen. III." This 
William was contemporary with our prelate, 
who fiUed this see 18 years, from the 12th to 
the 30th of Hen. III. and is likely to have been 
his kinsman. 



IX. WILLIAM OF YORK. 

SuccBSSiT A. D. 1246. Obiit A. D. 1256. 

The canons of Sarum, finding that none 
would be acceptable to the king but a court 
&?orite, ('< nisi aulicum et curialem'' as Matthew 
Paris says, vol. 2, p. 718,) elected for their 
bishop in 1246, William of York, provost of 

n2 




ISO 

Beverley, and chaplain to the king*. Paris caUg 
him << Domini Regis clericam familiarissimanif!^ 
and " legum Regni peritissimum." C^*) B.i^. 
chardsoHy p. 344, has mis-cited him, for * p. 627*^ 
of Paris's Hist, read « vol. 2, p. 718.' Paris pkottl 
his election as above, Godwin adds he received 
consecration from Fulco, bishop of London^ JfAjf 
10, 1247, at Wilton. 

We trace him through the following prefer* 
ments: — Archdeacon of Stafford about 1230* 
Willis Cath. 1, 417. Prebendary of Mapesbury 
or Maplebury, being the 12th stall in the catbch 
dral of St. Paul, 1241. Newcaurt's Repertarmmp 
1, 173. Newcourt adds, ** he was canon hera . 
26 Hen. 3, 1241 ; and that in 28th of the same 
king, 1243, John the Parson sold to the said- 
Will, de Ebor*, then provost of Beverley, his 
land in the parish of S. Benet de Woodwerve, 
to which Henry de Cornhill, the dean, Ralph 
de Eswy, or Ash wy , mayor, and Adam de Basing 
and Hugh Blunt, sheriffs of London, were wit- 
nesses." Newcourt omits his elevation to the 
prelacy. He was rector of Eton, Bedfordshire, 
in 1244. Richardson^ ex aucL Regist.Grosthead. 
Willis [Ahhiesj 2, p. 266,] places him amoi^^ 
the provosts of Beverley in 1245. NewconrCs 
date, 1243, is probably a mis-print. 

William of York again occurs in Matthew 



181 

Furisy vol. 2, p. 865^ line 53. It appears that 
the king, being in want of a large supply of 
money to defray the ezpences of going abroad^ 
nnunoned a parliament at London ; whereupon 
tlie clergy seized the opportunity of claiming 
fer the chnrchjthe full enjoyment of her liberties, 
eq>ecially as to the election of bishops, in which 
they deemed ecclesiastical liberty mainly to 
consist. The prelates who undertook the ma- 
nagement of this bargain (for in the royal ac- 
quiescence in their demands the grant of the 
required supply rested), alleged that by the 
king's assumption of ecclesiastical patronage, 
they (the prelates) and the inferior clergy, as 
well as the churches, were greatly injured. The 
king admitted the force of their allegations, and 
affecting deep distress and anxiety at being the 
canse of so much injury, proposed that they 
shoald be his co-adjutors in the reformation of 
abuses : and reminding archbishop Boniface, 
and William of York, bishop of Sarum, and 
Sylvester of Carlisle, that they had all received 
episcopal authority through his favor, sarcasti- 
cally intimated that those who had been thus 
nnduly, and to the alleged detriment of the 
chorch, promoted by him, should themselves 
coounence tlie work of reformation by laying 
aside their dignities; and exhorted them to re- 




IBS 



pent of their iniquity in having received^ theiii# 
lest they should be ** eteimaliy condemned.** Hili 
address to our prelate, to the bishop of Carlidley 
and to Ethelmar of Winton, is full of point. He 
tells the first that he had elevated him frooa 
the lowest state, (^< ex imo te exaltaverim f*) 
the second, that he had preferred him ** poit- 
positis multis theologis et personis reverendia ;** 
and to Ethelmar, that he had granted him the 
enviable see of Winchester, ** p€Bdagogo adkite 
mdigentenin^ In reply, however, the prelates 
begged distinctly to be understood as having 
no wish to legislate for the church retrospect 
tively. After much altercation, a tenth of the 
revenues of the church was granted him for 
three years for the promotion of his objects in 
the Holy Land, and the monarch submitted to 
subscribe the conditions, which, however, he 
did not omit in the sequel to violate. 

William of York occurs 33 Hen. 3, A. D. 
15M9, while bishop of Sarum, as having the 
custody of Robert de Gatton, son and heir of 
Hanno the son or grandson of Herefrid, and 
then under age, and confirming the presentation 
of the church of Gatton, Surry, made by Albert, 
prior of Lewes, to him the said William. Car- 
tvlar\ de Merton. Donation. M. S. 2044, fo. 84. 

The death of this prelate took place in 1266. 



188 



(Matthew Paris^ vol. 2, p. 018, line 38.) Pan* 
thus notices the event in the place cited, under 
the year 1255, '* l)e familiaribus Regis bbierunt 
BfiSs Sarisbir* Willielmus qui inter ceetera facta 
ana seecularia unum snscitavit quod infinitas super 
caput congessit maledictiones.'* Matthew Paris 
twice records his death : the time is under the 
year 1256, at p. 021. In the latter place he 
thus speaks of his character : ** qui ab adoles- 
oeittia alumnus curise per quam etiam promotos 
fiierat in Episcopatum Sarum. Inter alia ssecu- 
laria, quibus deditus exstitit, quandam pro legfle 
consuetudinem pessimam in regno snscitavit, ut 
scilicet pro quantulocunque tenemento faciat te- 
mens et subjectus suo superiori a quo videlicet 
tenet, (in magnum subditorum damnum et de- 
trimentum et superiorum parvum vel nuUum 
emolomentum sequelam Curue etiam inviius (that 
tenants should be suitors in the courts of their 
landlords) unde qui nunquam hoc fecerant mira- 
bantur se ad hoc fuisse coactos* Transiit autem 
inde Epus ab his curis et soUicitudinibus mun- 
dialibus 1 1 cal. Feb. ad pericula qtue seculares 
et curiales creduntur subituri.^^ ** Opera enim 
eorum sequuntur eos.*' Godwin has sealed Wil- 
liam of York's fate in the very words which 
Matthew Paris has so charitably adppted. 

This bishop appears to have been formerly. 



184 

if not a lawyer, yet ^* legmn peritas/' Tbe 
king. Id his speech above alluded to, calls him 
^< meoram breviam scriptitor/' and adds, that 
he had been *' multis judiciis tanqiiam justieiai-^ 
rius et conductitius/' vid. ut sup. 

WhartoDy Anff. Sac. vol. 1, p. 494^^ agrees in 
assigning his death as above, *' Anno M.CCLTI 
Willelmusy Epus Sar* obiit, cui successit ^gh- 
dius de Bridport." Richardson, ex M» S. Sjf* 
mondst adds, *' ad altare S. Joliannis sepaltus 
jacet ip tumba deaurata/* I believe his tomb 
at the present day is not known. 



X. GILES BRIDPORT. 

SVCCESSIT A.D. 1266. Obiit A.D. 1262. 

This prelate derived his name from the town 
of Bridport, Co. Dorset, of which he was a 
native. (Leland Itin. 3. p. 97«) 

In 1255 he was appointed archdeacon of 
Berks. (Le Neve. Fasti, p. 279, and Hist, and 
Antiq. Ox. Lib. 2. p. 390.) 

He was elected bishop here in 1256, by the 
canons, and the king, unable to make any op- 
jection to their choice, gave his assent (Matt. 
Paris, Hist. vol. 2. p. 926.) Indeed it may be 



186 

iafiarred thftt he was a favounte at court, inas* 
mnch as we find him, in 1256, sent with the 
ibbot of Westminster beyond the seas, on secret 
aorrice (t&. line 29.) Paris calls him Bredelef, 
and says, (ib.p. 943, line 11,) that he returned 
ftoBi Rome A. D* 1257, and styles him then 
bishop elect of Sarum. He also occurs in the 
nme historian, (16. p. 943, line 27. eod. an. and 
JI.946, ubi Bridlesforde) as having obtained a 
dispensation from the pope to retain in com- 
iD^am with his bishoprick his former prefer- 
meat, '^ per aliquot annos." Paris adds, (ib. 
line 29,) '' etiam decanatum," but gives it no 
name. Wharton, however, (Anff. Sac. 1 . 588,) 
and Godwin, apud Richardson, /p. 345, and edit. 
1601, p. 278,) as well as Hutchins, (Hist. Dors. 
vd. 1. p. 233, vet. ed.) and CoUinson, (Hist. 
Somerset f vol. 1. p. 189,) and Le Neve, (Fasti. 
p. 35,) concur in Wells being the place. 

Harpsfield (p. 469) says, " Gulielmum 
(scil. de Ebor') excessit ^gidius Bridlesfordius 
qui Romam profectus obtinuit ut simul cum 
Epatu veteres dignitates retineret." 

The Anglia Sacra^ vol. 1. ut sup. under the 
head " Successio decanorura Ecclesiee Wellen- 
Ms," has the following entries : '* iEgidius de 
Brideport decanus subscripsit compositioni inter 
Abbatem et Monachos Abendonienses initae 



186 



11^59, 20 Dec. Epus Sambur* post inediani an- 
num 1256 creatas est/' 

^'MCCLVI. M. iEgidins de Bridport 
electus est in Epum Sar* et confirmatns a 
Domino Papa et consecratos Bonifacio Cant. 
Archiep. Y. Idas. Mar.*' Any. Sac. nt svp. 
p. 310. 

During* Bridport's prelacy the cathedral was 
finished, and was dedicated (Leland /fin. 3. 
p. 96, anno 1258) by Boniface, archbishop of 
Canterbury, the king and many of the nobles 
being present. Matt. Westm. Flares, p. 365. 

Leland records (Ilin. 3. p. 97,) that ^ this 
^gidius kyyerid the new cathedrale chirch 
thoroughout with leade." 

The same author adds, that ** he made the 
college of de Yaulx (Richardson, p. 345, has 
quoted Leland for this ** Itin. toI. 3. f. 67," in- 
stead of vol. 3. p. 97) for scholers at Salisbury, 
betwixt the palace waulle and Hamam bridge, 
in 1260, (yet the same Leland I'ecords the death 
of this prelate as happening in 1259, in Collectan. 
2. p. 339 ; but 1262 is the true date. His dates 
are not always to be depended upon.) Part of 
these scholers remaine yn the college at Sares* 
byri, and have two chapelyns to serve the chirch 
ther, beyng dedicate of St. Nicolas. The resi- 
dew studie at Oxford. The scholars of Vaulx 



187 

be bottode to cilebrate the anniversary of Giles 
their founder at the paroch chirch of Britport 
where he was borne/' The above has been 
copied by Hotchins, (Hist. Dors. 1. p. S34. 
veL ed.) who has also embodied into this quota- 
tioD some matter about the bridge at Harnham 
that does not appear in Leland. 

Tanner says, '' this college continued till the 
general suppression, about which time it con- 
sisted of a warden, 4 fellows, and 2 chaplains. 
The site, and many of its possessions, were 
granted 35 Hen. YIII. to Sir Michael Lister.'* 
Yide plura in Not. Mon. under Sarum XXXI. 
and Hutchins, vol. 1. p. 483. 

Bishop Bridport died Dec. 13, 1262, (Matt. 
Westm. FhreSf p. 382,) and was buried, accord- 
ing to Leland, (Itin. vol. 3. p. 04,) in a marble 
tomb on the S. side of the choir. 

Mr. Dodsworth (Hist. Salisb. Cath.p. 215,) 
tells us, that '^ between the side aisle of the 
choir and the aisle of the E. transept, is the 
monument of bishop Bridport," and adds, '< it is 
singular that Gough should have ascribed this 
monument to bishop Ascough, contrary to the 
authority of Leland, who says he was buried in 
the house of the Bons hommes, at Heddington, 
[Eddington, Wilts,] and that bishops Bridport 




188 

and Mitford, were interred in this part of the 
church. A shield is sculptured, suspended from 
a tree, bearing Arg. a cross betw. 4 bezants O.*' 

Hutchins g^ves the arms of Bridport Ar. a 
bend Az. betw. 3 roses. G. {vol. 1. p. 233. col. 2.) 
There is a mispaging in that part of Hutchins ; 
p. 233 should be 237| et sic de C€Bt. 

The arms of Ascough, in Edmondstone, bear 
no resemblance to the coat blazoned above. 

Hutchins adds, (ut sup. p. 234. see also, p. p. 
309, 310, 483,) he died seized of the churches 
or rectories of Milborn, and AUington, and Wan- 
diz. (forsan Waldishe.) 



XI. WALTER DE LA WYLE. 

SuccESSiT A.D. 1262. Obiit A.D. 1270. 

GodH'in (p. 345) calls him succentor of 
Sarum, but the Annates WintonienseSf Any. 
Sacra. 1. 311, " Subdecanus.*' Leland (Itin. 
3. p. 95), " Gualterus primus decanus Sar.*' 
The Antiq. Sarisb. p. 306, place him as sub- 
dean, from 1256 to 1262, when he became 
bishop. Annal.Winl. An(/. Sac. 1. 311, " Sub- 



k 



18» 

decanus EccL Sar* electus est Epos, invidiai nt 
dicitur^ mediante/' He had the temporalties 
restored^ Ap. 10, 1263. 47. Hen. 3. and was 
consecrated May 27. In the Antiq. Sarisb. his 
consecration is placed May 27, 1263, and his 
death Jan. 3, 1271. Thus, that work places 
these events one year later than all the other 
authorities, and, than itself at p. 306. 

Tanner says, (Not. Mon. under Wilts^) " the 
parish church of St. Edmund, in the N. E. part 
of the city of Sarnm, was made collegiate for a 
provost and 12 secalar canons, by our bishop^ 
before 1270. It was valued, 26 Hen. «, at 
1022. 5^. 104. and granted, 38 Hen. 8, to Wil- 
liam St. Barbe. ^* This chirch," Leland ob- 
serves, " stondith at the N.W. ende of the town, 
hard by the town diche." liin. vol. 3. p. 88. 
But in this Tanner corrects Leland, by saying 
^« N. E." In Speed's Catalogue this is called 
St. Edith's College. Tanner ^ ut sup. Richard* 
son refers, on the subject of this college, to 
" Leland, liin. vol. 2. /. 67 ;" but no such insti- 
tution occurs there. At fol. 67, he is treating 
of Barnstaple and Tawstock, Co. Devon. 
Bead as above. liin. 3. p. 88. 

The author of the Antiq. of Salisbury and 
Bath, 8«- Lond. 1723. p. 141, says, at the N.W. 
end of the town stood, anciently, a college and 




190 

a chwchy founded by Walter de la Wyk,* wkaalt 
1370. [rectius forUme inter 1263—71 J whicA 
was dedicated to St. Edmund. At the disBdii* 
tioh it shared the common fate. The site and 
lauds, with the house adjoining, callei jfet ^* ibe 
college/' were g^nted by Jas. I. to Gouge and 
Lord, who alienated it to Baylie, and he to 
Barth. Tookey. It now belongs to W. Wynd*. 
ham, Esq.V This edition purports to be printed 
by W. Mears, but that of 1719, by E. Curll, is 
in fact, from one and the same type, without the 
least variation. The edition is the same^ with 
the variation only of the title page. 

** The conventual seal," says the author of 
the Antiq. Sarisb. p. 159, *^ of the college of St. 
Edmund, is yet [1719] preserved, though never 
seen by Tanner, nor described in his Not. Man. 
It is of brass— •the shape oval, and its dimensions 
2 inches in length, and Ij across.*' (These di« 
mensions are not given in the edition of 1719, 
but may be found in that of 1723 ead. pag^ 
On it are represented the figures of a bishop^ 



€€ 



* In Aubrey*8 MSS. is the following passage, asserting St. Edmund, and 
not bishop Wyle, to have founded the college. *' Seth Lord Bp. of Sannm 
tells me, that he finds St Edmund was borne at Abington. He wm 
Abp. of Canterbury. 0> He built the ccUege at Sarum^ hif St, EdnumtTt 
church. It is now Judge Wyndham*s sonne*t house. He resigned his arch- 
bishoprick & came & retired hither. In St. Edmund*s Church htie, vtt* 
windowes of great value. Gundamore offered a good summe for theoi. 
I have forgot [what]." Letters /hm the Bodleian, vol 2. p. 338. 



191 

fdbipi (he fomider, in Calbedrd, lifting op bi« 
rigbt iumd in the posture of benediction, and « 
cam in his left, under a canopy ; and under hit 
feet a priest on his knees, holding his hands 
ckied in a devout posture ; on this (the bishop's) 
right hand, in an escutcheon, are 3 stars of It 
peiats; onhis left, in another, is a chevron be- 
tween 3 castles. To what family the first coat 
belongs^ I cannot discover, not unlikely to some 
benefiu^tor; the 2d, unquestianabfy belongs to 
the name of Wy te, and may therefore be fairly 
snpposed to have been the founder's, Walter de 
la Wyle, though the several names of Scar- 
boroogh, Dorstel, and Castleford, bear the same 
without any difference. Round it is this inscrip- 
tion: 

** S. Coe CoUegiiCon.EdmundiNoveSar/* 
—that is, Sigellum Commune Conventualis Ed- 
mundi Novae Sarum. 

The author of the above refers to Leland's 
Collect, vol. 6. p. 283, vi^here an engraving may 
be seen. See also the engraving in Antiq. Sa-* 
ruh. p. 160. Nasmitht in his edition of Tan- 
ner, Camb. 1787, says, " the common seal of 
this college was in the hands of Mr. Aynsworth, 
of Hoxton, and came afterwards into the pos- 
session of Mr. Richard Rawlinson, [M. A. of St. 
John's College, Oxon,] who presented the curi- 




192 

ous Mr. Thomas Hearne to publish, a dranght 
of it from a copper plate in the Appendix to 
Leland's ColL 283.'* [Insert yoI. 6.] Hearnet 
in acknowledging the present, says, '' ideo gnr 
tum fore poto quod nullibi, quod sciam, pro- 
dierit." 

Matthew Paris records his death as happen- 
ing in 1270, (Hist. Antiq. vol. 2. p. 1006. 
In the index where this reference occurs for 
p. 1000, read 1006.) Harpsfield, p. 469, as- 
signs 1269 as the date, and Wikes Chron. p. 95. 
1270. The latter calls him " vir mirae sim- 
plicitatis et innocentise.'* 

Leland tells us that he was buried ** in insula 
Bor. cum imagine deaurata,*' vol. 3, p. 94, 
where for Wytte, read Wyle. One is surprised 
at hearing a man of Leland's acquirements talk- 
ing of insula for the aisle of a church, as he must 
have been aware that the aisle was so called from 
ala, a winff. In the next page he says, " Wal- 
terus de la Wyle, Epus Sar* qui fundavit ec- 
clesiam conventu. S. Edmundi sepultus [jacet] 
ad altare Sti Edmundi.'* And in p. 96 he adds, 
** obiit 12 cal. Octobr. sepultus est ad altare S. 
Edmundi." 

The History of Salisbury Cathedral, p. 199, 
observes, " Near the tomb of lord Stourton is 
the monumental effigy of a bishop in pontifica* 



198 

libasy in Purbeck marble: in his left band a 
crazier piercidg a beast^ another animal at his 
left foot, and the head supported by angels. The 
figare is mutilated. The base is composed of 
some parts of the chapels taken down in 1789, 
and is in a much later style than the effigy. This 
was the monument of bishop de la Wyle, which 
was removed from the side aisle at the N. end 
of die principal transept." 



After bishop de la Wyle's death, Harpsfield 
(tcf n^i.) says, that Matthew Westminster places 
Nicholas Longspe, but he does not quote the 
passage, nor can I find any such assertion. Be- 
tween De la Wyle*s death in 1270, and Long- 
spe^s accession in 1291, a space of 21 years 
elapsed. Godwin in that interval records 

Robert Wickhampton, who succeeded 1270 & died 1284 

Walter Scammel 1284 . . 1286 

H«mrj Braandston 1287 . eod. an. 

Williftm Corper 1289 

Nicholas Loogspe 1291 

But I take Godwin to be right, and Harpsfield 
wrong, for we find Leland, in his " Thinges 
excerptid out of the M artyrologe Book," vol. 3, 

o 




IM 



p« 95, recording the foUowingf fact, wUch 
cognizes Scamel as bishop: ^ Goakerus Scamd 
Thesaur* Dec. et postea Epos Sarmn. oK U. 
Cal. Octobr/' I shall, therefore, in this case, 
follow Godwin. • 



XIL ROBERT DE WIKEHAMPTON 

(WICKHAM.) 

SuccEssiT A. D. 1270. Obiit A, D. 1284. 

Wikes, in his Chronicle, p. 95, writes hii 
Wi chants, and at p. 112, Wickham. 

Matthew Paris, vol. 2, p. 1006, line 27^ at 
the time of his appointment to the see of Sarom, 
calls him ^'Ecclesise tunc Diaconus'* [Decanns]. 
Le Neve. Fasti, p. 262, places him amongst the 
deans of Sarum in 1274, the year of his promo- 
tion to the see. But we know his predecessor 
died in 1270. Leland says, '' A. D. 1270 sac- 
cessit Gualtero Robertus de Wychamton.*' CW- 
kcL 2. 339. His being dean of Sarum therefore 
so late as Le Neve has it, 1274, is improbable, 
unless he held it in commendam. He succeeded, 
no doubt, in 1270, but was not consecrated tiil 
1274. Godwin tells us, he was elected by Uie 
canons, and confirmed by the monks of Canter- 



105 

bory .during llie Taoa&cy pf the archiepiieopml 
Me. Tke btihopii ef the prdvinee of Oanterbury 
deemiog Ihb their own privilege, appealed to 
Ae coliq^ of CSwdiMilt, the holy see being abo 
tben^ Taeant. (WHes, Ckron. p. 95.) After 
three or four years Btigation the monks were 
soeeesefoT, and Robert was consecrated in 1274» 
Grodwin erroneously has it 1474, in Richardson*a 
editiofi.- Hiis is evidently a misprint. In the 
finglidi edition of 1601, p. 278, he has it cor« 
FBctly 1274. 

Bishop Wickham died Apr. 34, 1284, aa 
Leiand has H, /Int. 8> 95. from << the Martyro- 
kga booke at Sarysberi/' Wikes fixes thia 
evenlat tS84. {Charm, p. 112.) Godwin (Eng, 
edit 1001, p. 279,) says 1283. 



Xni- WALTER SCAMMEL. 

SvccBssiT A. D. 1284. Obiit. A. D. 1286. 

Wikes, in his Chronicle (p. p. 112, 114,) 
writes this prelate^s name Stamol, and Stammel. 
We trace him through the following prefer- 
ments: — Precentor of Sarum (Aniiq. Sarisb. p. 
285) between the years 1250 and 1255. Trea- 
smrcr (tft. p. 291) in 1267. Archdeacon of Berks 

o2 




/' 



the same year, ( t6. p. 301 ♦ ) Dean . of > Sarum 
(ib. p. 279) in 1274, and bUhop m 1284, V Sue- 
cessit Roberto [de Wickbamptoo] Griiali^rus 
Scaniel +dec' Sar\*' ^ LeUmd CoU. 2> 839, .He 
was consecrated at his manor of Sapniog «bj* 
John, archbishop of Canterbury, the Sunijaj 
after St. Lidce*s day. Wikes Chron. uf sup. and 
Antiq\ Sar\ p. 272. ; 

Very little more is known of this prdtate*. 
He died, as Le Neve records in the Fasti^ p. SS?, 
in the year 1286. Leland observes, ** 6aaltera3 
Scamel, Thesanr/ Dec,' et postea EpTTef Sarum 
obiit 12. CaK Octobr.'' Itin: 3, 95. He addiT 
that he was buried in bis cathedral. The Antiq* 
Sar.* give the date of his death Sept. 25, 12j86. » 

It is worthy of remark, that 5 bishops* sat at. 
Sarum in the short space of 4 years, viz. Robert 
de Wickhampton, Walter Scammel, Henry 
Braundston, Lawrence Hawkburn, and Wil- 
liam Comer ; the first having died in 1284, and 
the last having entered on the bishoprick in 
1288. 



197 



XIV. HENRY BRAUNDSTON. 

SuccBSSiT A. D. 1287.— Obiit A. D, 1287. 

This prelate had, as well as his predecessor, 
beeadean of Sarnm. ( Wikes. Chron. p. 1 14, and 
Antiq: Sar.' 279.) On the 19th Feb. 1281, he 
was appointed archdeacon of Dorset, (Ze/anc? 
Collect. 2, 339, and Antiq.' Sar.* p. 304,) and 
sacceeded Scammel both in the deanery and 
bishoprick, the former in 1284 and the latter in 
1287, being consecrated on Trinity Sunday of 
that year. (Wikes Chron. ut sup.) Leiand 
merely notices him thus : '' Successit Gualtero 
Hear.* de Bramtestoui Archid' Dorset." {Col-* 
kcL ut sup.) 

Be died about the festival of the cathedral 
of St, Peter, having sat here not one whole year. 
Hence Godwin, after Wikes, takes occasion to 
remark, that we can not call him '' High Priest 
for that year." •* Pontifex illius anni." (De 
Prasul.) 

The editor of the History of Sarum Cathe- 
dral observes, that ihis bishop gave several MSS. 
to the cathedral and library. 

Edmondstone gives the arms of Bransan, (not 
improbably a corruption of this name, and borne 




19B 



by some collateral branch,) Per pale^ 8t per 
chevron, counterchanged Ar. & Az. 



XV. LAWRENCE HAWKBURN, 

SuccBssiT A. D. 1967. — Obiit A. D. vm. 

Bishop Godwin (ex anct. Ckran. 0$nem$.) 
gays, that on the death of Branndston there was 
a schism among the canons, the greater part 
made choice of one of their own number, and 
the rest William Corner. Hawkbnra imme- 
diately went abroad to the king and obtained 
his assent, and returning home visited Canter- 
bury for the purpose of being confirmed by the 
archbishop, but while there falling sick, he 
died ; and was buried there on the festival of 
St. Lawrence/ After this event, the canons 
favoral)le to Corner also went to the king, and 
obtained permission to elect him. 



. WILLIAM CORNER. 

SuccsssiT A. D. 1289. Obiit A. D. 1291. 

Godwin in bis English edition erroneously 
calls this prelate Comer, (edit 1601, p. 179.) 



IflO 

Bdng^ elected under ^c eircamstances above 
stated, he bad the temporalties restoredt Feb. 
26, 1289, (Pat 17. E 1. m 20 and 21,) and, 
as Godwin quotes the Chronicle of Osney, 
** A. D. 1289, octavo Idas Maii consecratus in 
Epam Samm apud Caotuariam a D. Johanne 
Cantoarise Archiepo/' Wikes calls him ^< magnae 
anthoritatis virum tunc regni CoDsiliarium/* 
{G^rmup. 116L) He died, as the same author 
records^ (ib.p. 124^ in the year 1291. 

The writ for restoring the temporalties to 
this bishop is copied in Frynne's Lives of K. 
John, Henry IH. and Edward h p. 386*-fol. 
Land. 1670, from Pat. 17. E. 1. m. 20 and 21. 



XVIL NICHOLAS LONGSPE. 

SuccBssiT A.D, 1391.— *-Obiit A.D. 1207. 

Bishop Longspe (de Longa Spata) had been 
a Canon of Sarum, (Wikes Chron. p. 124,^ and 
became Treasurer after Scammel. (^Antiq. Sarish. 
p. 29.) Wikes calls him on his appointment to 
the see ^' annosas." 

This prelate was of illustrious descent, being 
grandson to King Henry II. and nephew to K. 
1. 1. William Longspe, his father, was the 




200 

natural son of Hen. II. and Rosamond Clifibrd, 
commonly called < Fair Rosamond/ the beauti- 
ful daughter of William de Clifford, of Clifibrd 
Castle, Herefordshire. This William married 
Ela, the daughter of William earl of Salisbmy, 
son of earl Fatric, son of earl Walter, son of 
earl Edward, son of Walter de Ewrus, [Eurenx] 
earl of Rosmar, who accompanied the Conqueror 
into England, who gave him the Lordships of 
Sarisburie, '*&c. (Dug. Bar. 1. 174.) Ela was 
so great an heiress that she was privately carried 
over to France by her friends, and concealed in 
a convent in that country, till a proper marriage 
could be fixed on for her : but the place of her 
confinement being discovered by one William 
Talbot, who assumed the habit of a minstrel, 
she was broqght back to England, and given in 
marriage by R. Ric. I. to William Longspe, (so 
called from his wearing a long sword,) com- 
monly, though (as I would presume to think) 
without sufficient authority, called earl of Salis- 
bury, since Dugdale only records his having 
been created jure uxoris, ^arl of Rosmar. (Bar. 
1. 175. coL 2. ) Dugdale throughout the article 
' Earls of Salisbury,' calls him * Earl William,* 
but does not, as far as my observation goes, any 
where state his advancement to the earldom of 
Salisbury. M. Paris calls him earl of Salisbury, 



201 

(voL'l.p. 325. tf^.) as well as other writers, the 
omission therefore may be Dagdale*s. By Ela 
he had issue, four sons and several daughters. 
William, his eldest son, * erroneously/ as Dug- 
dale observes, * called earl of Salisbury,* (p. 177. 
€ol 2.) 2. Richard, a canon of Sarum. 3. 
Stephen, Seneschal of Gascoigne, 39. H. 3. 
and Justice of Ireland, who, Jure uxorisj bore the 
title of earl of Ulster. 4. Nicholas, our bishop. 
Ela, the earFs widowed countess, was foun- 
dress and first abbess of Lacock, Wilts, where 
shedied and was buried. {Dug. Bar. 1. p. 177.) 
Ela, her daughter (the bishop's sister), called, 
as Wood observes, * the good countess of War- 
wick,* (having married Thomas, earl of War- 
wick), was a benefactress to Merton College, 
Oxford. She married, secondly, Philip, lord 
Basset, and was buried at the Abbey Church of 
Osney, Oxford. {See A. Wood, Antiq. Oxford, 
edit Gutch. p. 4. and Willises Survey of Oxf. 
Cath. p. 406.) 

Bishop Longspe sat at Sarum six years, 
Leiand, or his transcriber or printer, has fallen 
into an error as to the period of his death. The 
true date is 1297, but the following inscription 
copied by Leiand says 1291, which was the year 
of his succession. ** Sub hoc lapide marnioreo 
desuper insculpto humatum est corpus Reve- 




203 

rendi Patris, Nicholai Longespe^ quondam 
Saram Epi, qui plarima hinc contolit 6ccleri« 
et ob. 18 mens. Mali a^- 1291/* {Itm. 3. 03.j 

Godwin (Comment de pnBmU edit. Bichard^ 
soHfp. 347,) following Matthew of Westminsker, 
(p. 431,) correctly assigns 1297. Richardfoo 
(ib. note) sets the matter at rest, fixing it at thai 
period, on the authority of Registr. WnuAeh.; 
his words are, '^ Certif. de morte ejus dat. die 
Sabbati proxime ante festum S. Dunstani 1297.*' 
Leland*8 date, therefore, (1291,) must be either 
an error of his in transcribing the above epitaph, 
or a misprint for 1297. 

It seems from Godwin that he was buried in 
Salisbury Cathedral—^' juxta ingressmn capeUts 
B. M. saxo ingenti marmoreo contectus, laminif 
sereis et familise suie insignibus afibbre omato.^ 
Cfnnment ut sup. p. 347. 

Dugdale (Bar. 1. 177) says, that " bis body 
lieth buried at Salisbury, his heart at Lacock, 
and his bowels at Ramisbury/' 

In the History of Sar. Cath. (p. 214), the 
following notice of his tomb occurs : ** In the 
lady chapel were deposited the remains of 
bishop Nicholas Longspe, No sepulcral memo- 
rial was left to identify the spot, but when the 
pavement was removed, a stone coffin was founds 
containing a skeleton, supposed to be that of this 



pidate. At the head wtre n chalice and pattin 
ef siWer gilt. Id the centre of the pattin was a 
hind engraven^ and it displayed the trace of the 
liara which covered the consecrated wafer^ and 
iiUbared to it as it decayed. There was also a 
gold ring* set with an agate, perforated like a 
bsMlt which was probably a relic, and a crozier 
of wood of the most simple form, which dis- 
eofered no symptom of decay, though as light 
and tpnngy as cork. The memory of bishop 
Longspe, like that of his father, received spiritual 
hoiion. Among the Chapter Records are vari- 
osi indulgencies to such as shall visit his tonyb.** 
Bishop Godwin (Eng. edit. 1601. p. 270) 
idstes « story of this prelate, which is also to be 
met with in Dng^ale, (Bar. 1. 177,) copied, 
tiMMigh without citation of authority by the 
former, from Matthew Paris (in atuio 1225, vol. 
1. p. 328.) It seems that he took the sacra- 
ment to his faUier, the earl, when sick. '< The 
earle, understanding of the bishop^s comming, 
met him at the chamber doore, halfe naked, with 
a halter about his necke, and threw himself 
downe prostrate at his feete, and would not be 
takai by untill having made confession of his 
stones with teares and other signes of wonderful, 
hearty, and sincere repentance — he had receaved 
the sacrament in most devout manner. Some 




204 

two or three dales after he lived; continnany 
bewailing his sinfull life with whole flouds of 
teares, and departed 1226. This Nicolasy hn 
whether sonne or kinsman [this doubt, for which 
I find not the slightest authority, either in Dog- 
dale, or elsewhere, is not repeated in a sabpe^ 
quent edition] was consecrate 1291, and dying 
1297, was buried hard by him, under a huge 
marble stone, sometimes inlaid with braase and 
adorned with the armes of thdr house." (E^* 
edit. 1601. p. 279.) 

Longspe bore Arg. 6 lions, rampant, 0« 
(Hutchins Dors. vol. 2, p. 131.) The family 
of Eureux, from whom the bishop maternally 
descended, bore Paly of 6 6 and Yaire, on a 
chief a Chief, a lion passant, (ib. and Dw. 
Bar. 1. 174.) 



XVIII. SIMON OF GHENT. 

SuccBSSiT A. D. 1297. Obiit A. D. 1315, 

Simon of Ghent (Simon de Gandavo), pro- 
bably so called in consequence of his descent 
from progenitors belonging to that city, was, 
according to Matthew Westminster, (p. 431), 
Harpsfield, (p. 469), and Leland (De Scrip, cap. 
cccxiii, p. 316), a native of London. The first 



205 

of thofie writers calls him '< vir in arte theologica 
perilofiy'* and says, he published many statutes 
by which the church at Sarum is governed to 
this day. He is recorded as having given th^ 
citizens of S^rum permission to fortify the city 
with a ditch and walls. (See Godwin de prasuU 
ediL. RichardsoUf p. 347, who follows Westmin- 
ster in these statements.) 

** Post Nicolaum Longospathium hanc ecclm 
gnbemayit Simon qui Gandavus dicitur, licet 
Loii£ natus quod a Gandavo oriundus esset ex 
matre Angl&." Harpsfield. p. 555. 14th Cent. 

cop. XXI. 

In or about 1284 he was archdeacon of 
Oxford, (Willis Cath. 2. 117), and was elected 
to the see of Sarum, Aug. 2, 1297, (ib.) con- 
firmed the 4th, having had the royal assent 
July 31 J restoration of the temporalties was 
made Aug. 10, and he received consecration the 
Sunday after the festival pf St. Luke, at Can- 
terbury. (See Richardson's Godw.p. 347. note^ 
and the authorities there cited.) 

Leland, however highly we appreciate his 
antiquarian labors, it must be admitted, is very 
often incorrect in his dates, instances of which 
we have already noticed, and especially in the 
preceding article. That writer fixes this pre- 
late's death so early as 1297, whereas that was 




206 

the date of his raccemon, with which he prolMi- 
bly confounded it. The words he uses when 
speaking of Simon's burial place, are, **Ob. 
A.D. 1207. 4 Nonas Apr.** (Itm. 3. 94L) 
Now Richardson, on unquestionable authority^ 
if correctly cited, ( Claui. 8. E. 2 m. 29, tn dorm) 
shews that he was in existence 17 years lat^. 
'' Fuit in vivis 24 Oct. 1814,*' and adds, ^ at 
mense Decembris ejusdem anni,** (the latter 
ex auct. RegUtr. Drokens, Ep. B. and fV.) Le 
Neve places his death May 31, 1315. (FagiL 
p. 258.) Godwin is silent, but places his suc- 
cession at 1315. 

Leland says he was buried ^ ex parte austmlt 
PresbyU'' (Itm. 3. 94.) The same writer 
makes the following honorable mention of him : 

'' Simon Gandavus, Londini natus, undo et 
patemum genus ; liberalium artium liberalis et 
ipse cultor magnus fuit nee tamen ita studebat 
linguarum puritati ut nervos vim ac robor na- 
turce et reconditse sapientiee postponeret: con- 
tentus interim doctior quam eloquentior haberi. 
^tas autem ubi maturior jam eum nullis non 
virtutum titulis florentem pensenserat, in medium 
dulee virtute comite fortuna produxit et prin- 
cipi iti^ commendavit, ut paulo post mortoo 
Nicholas Longospathario, Episcopo SeverianOt 
orto ex cltrissima comitum Severianorum stirpe 



807 



• « 



^,1.^.1 



aeclesitt antirtes preficiretar circa iui- 

nam D* 1297. Ad atiom igitar placidum ho* 

ncitis coDJiractQiii negotiis se commodum trans- 

toiit; in qao multa per frequenteis conciones 

docendo et libellos scribendo [all this bat little 

caoipoTts with hid dying the same year that he 

irts comecrated, as Leland*s statement else* 

vliere woold lead ns to infer] exempla virtdtis 

inmortafia exhibnit. Edidit inter c»tera libros 

Kptem de vita solitaria ad virg^nes Terentinas 

Jhanm caltrices\ Paralipomena Gervasii Dnro- 

ferneiins historice adjaocta et Chronica Seve* 

ritne ecclesiae honorificam faciunt de Simone 

mentionem/' De Scr^H. eop. cccxiii. p. 316.) 

Harpsfield also (14th Cent. cap. xxi. p. 555.) 

and Walsingham (1320) both record his letters 

to the nans of Tarrant. 



XIX. ROGER MORTIVAL. 

SuccsssiT A. D. 1315. Obiit A. D. 1329. 

Of this prelate, who is styled by Leland '^ de 
SMTtoA valle/* {Itin. 1. p. 15,) we have been 
aUe to add a few particulars to the very brief 
Mtice which bishop Godwin, and his editor, Dr. 
Richardson, have furnished us with. The former 
eontents himself with saying, *^ Rog#r de Mor- 




SOS 



tiyall consecrate 1315, died 1329/' (Enffl 
1601. p. 280); and in the folio edition we merely 
find '' Rogerus de M ortival^ decanus Ldocoloir 
ensis consecratus anno 1315« Decesstt 1399 
circa medium quadragesinnae /' (p*347;) whm 
his learned continuator furnishes m with nothing 
in addition but that he was son of [Sir] AnlcAliy 
[alii Anketil] Marti val^ lord of Nowsley, wherq^ 
probably, he was born, and where he founded a 
chapel, circ. 31. E» 1/' Indeed we can not but 
observe that the notices of this prelate havt 
been unaccountably overlooked by ecclesiastical 
historians. 

** Simonis cum e vita migrasset locum Bo- 
gerus Mortivausius, Lincolniensis decanus occut 
pat/' Harpsfield. p. 555, I4th cent. cap. xxi. 

We trace him through the following prefer- 
ments: — In the year 1280 he was rector of Arnal, 
CO. York ; " Rogerus de Mortivaus, rector eccle- 
siee de Arnalo, Com. Ebon habet liceutiam ad 
studiendum per triennium. Aug. 1280.*' (thus 
Registr Wicktvani Arch. Ebor. York notes A* 
p. 28, ex auct. MS. Bodl. e MS. not. ad Godw. 
in Ashm. Mus. See Wood^s Colleges and Halls, 
edit. Gutchf p. 14.) 

Subsequent to 1283 he became rector of 
Ambrosden, Oxfordshire. I say subsequent, be- 
cause the college of the Bonhommes at Esserug 



2d» 

or Adirid^e, co. Bncks, by whom he was pre- 
sented, was not founded till that year. See 
Tatmer Not. Man. and Nichols's Leicest. vol. 2, 
pt.% p. 740. 

In 1288 he became archdeacon of Hanting- 
doD(TFt2Ztf Cath. 2. 106). In 1292, prebendary 
of Castor, in the cathedral of Lincoln, which he 
kdd till 1305, (ib. p. 162.) In 1293 we find 
him chancellor of the University of Oxford and 
8. T. P. (Le Neve Fasti, p. 440. Wood's CoU. 
md Halls edit. Gutchj p. 14.) The same year 
ke resigned the prebend of Sleford, in Lincoln 
cathedral ; of which prebend he is named sans 
dtte as the first incumbent by Willis, (Cath. 2. 
104.) In the following year he resigned the 
archdeaconry of Huntingdon, and was collated 
to that of Leicester, (Willis Cath. 2. 106, and 
Antiq. Sar. p. 333. 8 Id Feb.) In 1297 he 
occurs prebendary of Netherhaven, in the cathe- 
dral of Sarom. Feb. 8 ( Wood's Coll. and Halls 
irfnip.) In 1310 he was raised to the deanery 
of Uncoln, on the death of cardinal Raymond, 
(WiUis Cath. 2. 76, and Wood's CoU. and Halls 
ntsup.;) and, finally, in 1315 he succeeded to 
the bishoprick of Sarum. ( Willis Cath. 2. 76.) 
The Antiq. Sarisb. p. 273, has misprinted 1215 
for 1315. 

Fuller, in his Worthies f vol. 1, p. 565, edit. 

p 




210 

« 

jffickols 181 1» under Leicestershire, gives us thtr 
foUowiog partieolars; in some of which, how«ii 
ever^ he is erroneous, as we shall shew : — '^ Roger 
de Martival, son and heir of Sir AnkiteU dm 
Martival (who gave for his arms At. a einqnefoil 
S), was born at Nowsley, in this county (LeiceM 
ter). He was first archdeaeon of Leicester [vkb 
supra], and at last consecrated Bp» of Sartttt 
in the reign of Edw. II» anno 1315. Now aee«< 
ing Bp/ Godwin hath nothing more of . kiot 
save his name and date, it is charity to kifomi 
posterity that be was the last male heir ef his 
house, and founded a college at Nowsley, ta^pw 
£dward L for a warden and certain brethren 
which in the 24th Henry YL was ralued to 
dispend yearly, besides iA\ charges, 62. 1S«. 4<L 
His estate descended to Joyce de Martivall, bin 
sister, married unto Sir Ralph Hastings, lineal 
Itncestoir of the now Earl of Huntingdon. Aai 
for the manor of Nowsleyy as it came by the 
mother, so it went away with her daughter unto 
the family of the Herons^ and by her daughter 
into the famiby of tbef Hazelriggs, who at tbid 
day are the possessors tl»ereof/* 

Fuller is not correct in his assertion tbaA 
^ Joyce married unto Sir R. Hastings.** I sus-* 
pect that when his work was first printed, a Hue 
was left out/ The following will set him right : 



311 

between ** onto** and ** Sir Ralph/' read as fol- 
lows—Sir Robert de Sadyu^on, of Sadyngton, 
CO. Leicester, by whom she had a danghter, 
Iiftbely married to*— Sir R. Hastings, &c. 

In Poller's account it is further to be noticed, 
tint when he calls sir Ralph Hastings lineal an- 
cestor of the now earl of Huntingdon, it was 
Mt by that venter, but by bis second wife, Maud, 
cobeiresB of Sutton. The reader may consult 
BelTd interesting and romantic account of the 
tseortfjr of the Huntingdon Peerage, p. 1 1 ; and 
thit moDument of research, the history of Leices- 
toiiire, by the zealous and indeiatigfable Nichols. 
Yd. 2, pi. 2. Gartre hundred, p. 740. 

^ In this family,*' (the Hesilriggs) adds Mr. 
Nichols in a note, ** the estate still continues, 
bat the beautiful collegiate church is hastening 
to decay/' A good view of it is preserved in 
the Hist. Leicest. vol. it. p. 749. 

Bishop Mortival occurs among the prelates 
of Herton College, " to the library of which 
Wse he afterwards gave several MSS, as we 
kam by the inscriptions at the beginning of 
them, and his name with the title of archdeacon 
if Leicester added to it, occurs with several 
others of that college, in a parliament writing 
in their exchequer. He was presented by the 
warden and brethren of the priory of Asshenigg 

p2 




312 

[Ashridge] to the rectory of Ambrosdelii on tlii 
death of Ralph de Marti vail, the last incnmbent 
and in 1288 dieMei'curii post fet^tum assamptiodil 
B. M . being then D.D. and archdeaeon of HliA« 
tingdon, he appointed William de Kefan 
(rector of Harby and executor to the will cH 
William de Newark the preceding archdeacon*] 
his attorney, for the purpose of putting t^€ 
houses, on the E. side of the cathedral at Lincohij 
into the possession of Thomas Sutton, one of tiA 
prebendaries there. Roger de Mortival obtained 
the prebend of Castor, in that church, which in 
1293 he exchange for that of Sleford, and in 1 2SM 
was collated to the prebend of St. Margarel 
and the archdeaconry of Leicester, but quitted 
the prebend and accepted the archdeaconry, 
which he held till 1310, when be was elected 
dean of Lincoln, die Mercurii past/estum exalla- 
tionis cruets. He was elected bishop of Salis- 
bury Ap. 21, 1315; died March 14, 1329, and 
was buried in his own cathedral, where Mr. 
Gough supposes his tomb to be that in the N 
aisle of the choir, which the vergers attribnti 
to another bishop Roger, who died in 1130 
Hist. Leicest. ut sup. '* If,'' adds Mr. Nichols if 
a note, quoting the words of Gough (Sepult 
Man. 92) this really belongs to bishop Mortival 
we have in the 14th century an instance of ihi 



218 

tiniplicity of the 9th or 10th. A plaia cross 
cot <m a plain coffin of grey marblef under a 
torbast pointed arch/* See Sep. Man. in G^ 
BriL p. 92, where this tomb is engraved, plate 
if. fig 5. As it also is in the Archceoloyia, vOL 2, 
p. 188. PL 13, Juf. 6. 

Leland (Itin. 3. 94) says, ** Uoger Morty^ 
TsUe qoi plurima huic contulit ecclesiae obiit 14 
dielfar. 1302/' and that he is buried *^ in presby. 
ex par. Bor.*' The date he gives must be erro- 
BWiis. Walsingham {p. 130) says ** hoc anno 
(1328) circa mediam quadrages. vacavit ec- 
desia Sar. per mortem M. Rogeri de Mortip- 
Tans.'' In the Hist. Sal. Cath. p. 213, we find 
tiiis notice of Mortival*s tomb, ** In the N. wall 
voder a pointed arch is a coffin fashioned tomb 
of Porbeck marble, which is distinguished by a 
CBoss finery in relief. It is ascribed to Bp. R^ 
Hortiyal who died 1329." 

. The Mortivals were an old Leicestershire 
fiunily. Anketin de Mortival, grandfather to 
tbe Bishop, was Lord of Noseley, in that county, 
in 1250. In 1258, 42nd Hen. 3, he was sherifi; 
(Bwrhm's Leicest. p. 300). His son. Sir An- 
ketittf in 1273, founded a chantry in the chapel 
of his mansion house there, which was after- 
wards enlarged by his )Son Roger, the bishop, to 
a collegiate church. (Tanner Not. Mon. and 




214 

Nichok Leicest. vol 2. pt. 2. p. 739» gq. and the 
authorities there cited.) Ro^erus de Martivallb 
filius et hseres D'ni ADketini de Martivallis do-» 
nationem patris sui preedicti per cartam datam 
apud Nouesle in feste nat. Domini a^* 6 Edw. !• 
confirmavit.*' Reff. Gravesend. Ep. Unc. Taow 
ner, under Nousely, adds, ^* Sir Anketin de 
Martival, 2 Edw. 1, founded, and his son Rogper, 
archdeacon of Leicester, and afterwafds Bp. of 
Sarum, about 34 Edw. 1, furUier endowed the 
college or chantry, in tlie chapel of the manor 
house here, to the honor of the ascension of oar 
Lord, and the assumption of the Blessed Yirgin, 

&c;* 

A desoendent of the bishop's sister is yet ex<r 
tsting — viz. Sir Thomas Haselrig, hart. The 
manor of Nousdy belonged anciently, saye 
Burton {Descrip. Leicest. p. 102, ind edit Lgfm 
1777) to the family of Martival who bore Arg^a 
cinquefoil S. The last male heir of this house 
was the bishop, whose sister Joice* married 
Robert de Sadington, by whom he had iseiie 
Isabella, his sole daughter and heiress, married to 
Sir Ralph de Hastings, knt. by whom she had 
a daughter, Margaret, married to Sir Roger 
Heron, knt of Northumberland, which Margaret 
died in 1406. Isabella eldest daughter and co- 
iieiress of Sir Roger Heron, married Sir Thomas 



215 

Haitelrig of Fawdon^ Northumberland, who was 
Mtsedof this manor /Mre nxor%$^ and who bore 
Aig. a chevron betw. 3 hazle leaves. Y. It has 
contiDQed in the same name to this day (1777), 
Sir Thomas Haselrig lineally descended from 
tke said Thomas Haselrig and Isabella his wife 
king now Ixnrd thereof/* 

Compare the above with Leland (//m. % p. 
15), who has fallen into a capital error in this 
pedigree, by making the earls of Huntingdon 
descend from the bishop's sister : for he says that 
^ Saddington's daughter and sole heiress married 
Bir Rafe Hastings, knt. who, by Iier, had issue 
Sir Rafe de Hastinges, knt. from whom George 
Hastinges, now Earle of Huntingdon, is lineally 
descended, and Margaret, married to Sir Roger 
Heron, &c." Through which Margaret, as he 
presently adds# the Haselrigs got Nooseley. 
Now, had George, Earl of Huntingdon, de- 
scended from Sir Ralph Hastings, by Sadding- 
ton's sole heiress, it is plain that the Hastings ' 
lunily, and not that of Haselrig^ would not have 
iBberited, but here lies the mistake of Leland :-— 
George, earl of Hnntingdon, did not descend 
frmn Sir Ralph Hastings, as he has asserted, h/ 
the heiress of Saddington, but he descended from 
him by his second wife, Maud, coheiress of Sutton. 
Xieland, Uiereibre, should be thus corrected . — 



216 

after << Sir Rafe Hastiogs/' ut supra^ dele *^ who 
2y her had issue. Sir Rafe de Hastinges/" and 
read in a parenthesis, '* who, by his second mife, 
had issue Sir Rafe de H. ancestor of the earls of 
Huntingdon.'* 

For Uie descent of the present earl, the reader 
is referred to Bellas History of the Himtrngdoim 
peeraye^ 



XX. ROBERT WIVIL. 

SuccBSsiT A. D. 1329.— -— Obiit A. D. 1375. 

*' Locum Rogeri Mortivausii (Mortival) post 
14 aos Robertus Wifeldius occupat." Harpsfield. 
p. 555. 14th Cent. cap. xxi. 

Leicestershire has the honor of having given 
two successive bishops to this See. Fuller 
{Worthies, vol. 1. p. 565. edit. Nichols, 1811,) 
says '' Bp. Wivil was bom of worthy and wealthy 
parentage, at Stanton Wivell, in that county. 
At the instance of Fhilippa, Queen to king Edw. 
3, the Pope, anno 1329, preferred him to the 
bishoprick of Salisbury. It is hard to say 
whether he were more dunce or dwarfe, more 
unlearned or unhandsome, insomuch that T. 



217 

Walnogham tells ns that had the Pope ever §em 
hiBit (as he no doubt felt him in his large fees,) 
he wonld never have conferred the place on him. 
He sat Bp« here 46 years, and impleaded Wil- 
liam Montagne, Earl of Salisbury, in a writ of 
right for the Castle of Salisbury, [read Sher* 
bone ; tride infra; it is admitted on all hands, 
that Sherborne was actually recovered, that of 
Salisbury is merely a conjecture, and an ill- 
foonded one.] The Earl chose the trial by 
battle, which the Bp. accepted of, and both 
produced their champions into the place. The 
combatants coming forth all clad in white, with 
the Bp.*s own arms, viz. 6. fretty vaire, a chief 
0, impailed no doubt with them of the see on -^^ ^ 
his surcote. Some highly commended the zeal 
of the Bp. asserting the right of his church, 
whilst others condemned this in him as an un- 
prelatical act, God allowing duels no competent 
deciders of such differences. And moderate 
men to find out an expedient, said he, did this 
not as a Bp. but as a Baron. The best was, the 
matter was taken up by the King's interposing, 
and the Bp« with 2,500 marks, bought of the 
Earl the quiet possession of the Castle, aud died 
A. D. 1373, being buryed under a marble stone, 
about the middle of the choir." 

The Bp. gave unto the Earle 2,500 markes 






/c^ 1 



u 




818 

to leave the castle with his appurtenances utito 
him and his successors for ever." Godmuj edU, 
1001. p. 281. 

Walsifigham {p. 130,) as alluded to by Fiiiler» 
calls him << vir competenter illtteratusy et mtai« 
me personatus quern si Papa praevidisset nmi^ 
qnam eum, ut creditur, ad tantuni apicem pti* 
movisset." Richardson's reference is wrongs 
for p. 112 it should be as above, p. 130. 

*^ He sate/' says Godwin {ut sup.) ^* a long 
time, to wit, 45 years and upward, in whidi it 
were a great marvaile he should not perfomtiiis 
some thing memorable," and he records of him 
besides his recovery of ** Salisbury Castk;^ 
(which he never attempted,] that also of the 
cfiace of Beere, {vide infra), and the casde of 
Sherborne which had been detained from his 
see ever since K. Stephen tooke it vicrfently 
from Rogre (Roger) his predecessor, for the 
#pace of 200 yeeres.'^ 

It has beea said by some (see GouffJL Sep» 
Man. vol. 1. p. 132, and Nichols Hist. Leicest^ 
»oL 2. pt. %. p. 802,^ that the castle of Old 
£arum was included in the claim : but the VBt^ 
ascription round the bishop's monument, wbich 
^e shall notice below, mentions only the reco- 
very of the castle of Sherborne and the cbacjB 
of Bere. Of the origiinal proprietors of Saruqi^ 



2t9 

Cahile, we are not, us far as my investigations 
enable me to form an opinion, by any means cer^ 
tain : not so as to the proprietorship of Sber- 
borne Castle, which we know to have been the 
efeetioD of bidiop Roger: from whom, as we 
i»fe alneady seen, it was wrested. The inscrip* 
ikm says ^ Castrum dictse Ecclesise de Scbire**' 
bom per 200 annos manu mtlitari violenter 
occopatam eidem eoclesise pugil ^ intrepidas 
{scil. Wyvil) recuperavit/' By this it appears 
that it was for the recovery of the castle of 
SkffftMfie that the monument records him as 
the undaunted champion. Agreeably to the 
provisions made at Oxford, by which it was 
directed that the king's castles should be deli-^ 
vered into the hands of 24 of the barons, Sher- 
bora castle had been surrendered and delivered 
op to Stephen Longspe, 1258, having been in 
the crown ever since K. Stephen seized it in 1 ]d9« 
Edward 3 granted it to William Montacute, 
Earl of Salisbury, and Catherine his wife, for 
bis services against Mortimer, and for this castle, 
to 1335, Bp. Wivil brought his writ of right 
against the earL (See Hutchin$*s Dorset, 2; 

saa.) 

The annexed transcript is from ** A discourse 
of Sherborne Castle and Manner, written in the 
year;i620, from the original MS. in the posses* 




220 

won of Thos. Astle, Esq." and may be found iu 
Leiand CoU. 2. 652. 

** One Robert Wyvyll beinge bysshoppe of 
Sarum, brought a writt of right against Wil- 
liam Mountacute, earle of Salisbury, for the said 
castelly wherein hee proceeded soe farr, as that 
there champions were entred Uie lists to try the 
combatt« But the kinge tooke up the matter, 
and ordered the bysshop to g^ve a some of mony 
to the earle, which was don accordingly, and 
the castell restored to the bysshoprick. Then 
the same contynued therein untill the tyme of 
K. Ed. YI. at which tyme the Duke of Somer- 
set gott a long lease thereof, whoe graunted the 
same unto Sir John "^Horsey, the best of his aby- 
litye that ever was of that name in those parts. 
After which, witliin halfe a yere, the Duke of 
Somerset lost his head, and Sir John Horsley 
declined in his estate untill hee grewe soe bare 
that hee was owt lawde for X^^* King Edward 
dying, and Nicholas Heath, archbysshoppe of 
Yorke, being Lord Chancellor of England, John 
Capon, bysshop of Sarum, exhibited a bill in the 
chancery against the said Sir John ^Horsley, 
shewing that the lease made to the Duke was by 
menaces and threats, and for fear of his liffe, 
uppon which bill the Lord Chancellor releeved 
bym, and decreed the castell for the bysshop^ 



221 

After that yt contynewed in the byshoprick 
ODtili about the 33d year of Eliz. at which tyme 
Sir Walter Rawleigh gott y t, and by reason of 
his attey nder y t came againe to the crowne. And 
8oe from the Kinge's most excellent majestie 
unto oar most noble and hopefuU Prince Henry, 
who held yt not fall a yere, and soe y t retamed 
to the crowne. Thence shortly after it came 
to the Earle of Somersett, with whome nowe 
the case now standeth let them to whome it 
apperteyneth judge. Since his atteynder yt ys 
graoDted to Sir John Dygbye, Vice Chamber- 
leyne to the King. A.D. 1617.'' It is now in 
the possession of earl Digby. (1823.) 

The following notices of this prelate are from 
Cdknd. Rot. Pat. 

** R. restituit Epo Sar. et successoribus suis 
inperpetuam liberam chaceam suam de Bishops- 
beare infra forestam de Windsor/* &c. 10 Edw. 
3. p. 127. 

<< Quod Epus Sar possit kemellare mansa 
maneriorum suorum de Sarum, Woodford Epif 
Sherburo, Cherdestocke, Poteme, Canynge, Re- 
munsbury, Sjfinnynge ac mannerii sui de Fleet- 
street, London." 1 1 Edw. 3. — (kemellare is per 
metathesin for krenellare from the French creneU 
ler, to fortify j hence the heraldic term crenell6 
expressing the outline of any charge drawn like 
the battlements of ancient walls and towers.) 




222 

*^ De aodiekid^ et termindnd' pro Epio Sar' 
eoncern' curiam suain in Gikihakla sua civitai 
garuDi." ^SEdw.^.ib. 

Bishop Wivil died in Sherborne Castle* 
Sept 4, 1375| in the 46th year of bis cenaecrm- 
tion» and wais buried in the choir of his cathedral 
near the throne. His monntnent is thus noticeii 
in the HisL Sar, Cath. 

** In the N. end of the E. transept, tiow tised 
as a chapel for morning prayers, is a kirge mar- 
ble monument inlaid with brass* perhaps one of 
the best specimens of the kind existing. Tfaia 
curious piece of workmanslup commemoratea 
Robert Wyvilly bp. of Salisbury , who died 1375. 
Kound the stone was a brass plate with an in« 
scription recording two of the most memonible 
facts in the life of this prelate : the recovery of 
the castle of Sherborne, and the grant of the 
chace of Bishop^s Bere to the church. The 
sculpture on the brass is snpposed to represent 
the contested caslle with its keep and portcollis* 
Jfkt the door of the first ward stands the bishop 
pontifically habited with his mitre and crozier, 
and his hands elevated as in prayer or giving 
the bene€Kction* Below, at the gate 'of the 
outer ward, is his champion, in a close coat with 
breeches, hose, and shoes, all of a piece. In his 
right hand a battle axe, in his left a shield with 
a boss in the centre. Below were 4 escutcheous^ 



939 

3 of which remain aod exhibit the arms cf 
Wj/ml: a cross vc4ded between 4 mullets pierced. 
At the corners ^re 2 of the 4 symbols of ther 
Efangelists. Before the gate of the fortress is 
the represeotation of a chase, with the figures of 
hue^ This mopumental slab was removed from 
the choir when it was newly paved 1684«" 
. The inscription of this brass, in its present 
tfiitilated state» is to be read thus, beginning 
fron the north : 

• congregavit et congregata 

Hi pistor vigilans conservavit inter enim [legunt 

alii jura cum Anliq, Sar. p. 690, sed male] alia 

he' [oi] ficia sua minima [plurima, ib] castrum 

i' [i] c [t] e ecclesiee de Schirebom p' [et] du* 

centos [alii diversos.i i&., inepte] annos et am- 

plins manu militari violent* [er] [occupatiim 

eidem ecclesiae pugil] intrepid us recnperavit, ac 

ip*i ecclesiee chaceam suam de la Bere restitui 

p. [ro] cnravit, qui quartse die Septembr. anno 

D* ni miir io ccc^ [L] xxv* et anno consecr^ 

sai [suae] xlvi^ sicut altissimo placuit in d* [ict] o 

cmstro deditam [fartasse debitum (sell naturae)} 

reddidit;' 

A beautiful drawing of this brass by the late 
sir Charles Frederick, was shewn at the Gen- 
tleman's Society^ at Spalding, 1733 ; and Mr. 
Carter, in 1784, took a drawing of it, which he 




engraved in the 10th number of bis ancient 
Sculptures and Paintings. An engraving may 
be seen in NichoWg Leioestershtre^ vol. 2, pt. S, 
pL cxxx. fig* 1. 

With respect to the arms of this prelate, the 
reader mnst have observed that Fuller's acoountf 
of them differs vi^idely from those described m- 
the HisU Sar. Cath. as being on his tomb* 
Mr. Nichols {Hist. Leicest vol. 2, pt. 2, p. 809i 
under Stanton Wyvile,) says, '' Wyvile, whose 
name is last mentioned, in Battle Abbey Roll 
was here (at Stanton Wyvile) in 1220, and ban' 
6 fretty varie, a chief 0. He was of a difiereot 
iamily from those of Burton Constable, in York« 
shire/* The bishop^s arms may be seen in the 
Hist Leicestershire^ ut sup. pi. cxxx. fig. 8.* 
Mr. Nicholsi in transcribing from his own ex- 
cellent edition of Fuller the same passage that 
we have given above, omits the arms there as- 
cribed to Wyvil, viz. 6. fretty vair, a chief O, 
and gives us, ut sup. edd. pag. col. it. line lOf 
the same coat that is stated in the Hist. Cath. 
Sar. to be on the tomb. On refennng to Ed- 
monstone, I find he gives the arms of Wyvil 
(of Burton in Yorkshire), S. 3 chevrons vaire 
interlaced, on a chief O a mullet of the first : 
& of Wyvil [of Yorkshire] G a cross Arg. fretty 
Az. betw. 4 mullets O. 



S86 



RicbardsoQ (p. 348\ says bishop Wiyil is 
conmemorated among the benefactors to the 
University of Cambridge. 

Harpsfield give's some notices of this prelate 
which I have not met with elsewhere. ** Qui 
doeias et eraditas epistoias in qoas ego non 
idboc incidi scripsisse traditor. Rogerus [mean • 
v^Bobertwi] impedimento videtur fuisse Joan- 
nitifl sive Hospitalariis, qua de re reprehenditor 
lb Waltero Cantoariensi. Gravis nescio qua 
a oiiisa inter Robertum et quosdam ille infestos 
diicordia exorta est, adeo ut pcene in apertam 
pignaai exierit. Obsidebantnr enim ab iis Ro- 
botof nee qiiemquem enm adire, ne eos quidem 
^ tacrit initiandi erant, nee commeatum all- 
qoem ille inferri, aut vendi patiebantur. Eo 
sedeote Edingdonium caenobium in hac diocesi 
stnictum est. Prolixum habuit in Epistu Ro« 
bertos tempus quod super 45 aos producebatun 
Cojoa locum Radulphus Arguinus (Erghum) 
juccessit.** (p. 556f I4th cent, cap. xxi.^ 



33« 



XXI. RALPH ERGHUM. 

SuccESSiT A.D. 1376.— Trans, ad Bath-Wkll A.D. 

1388.— Obiit a. D. 1400. 

Godwin (pp. 318, 378) and Wharton (An^. 
Sac. 1. 570) call him L.L.D^ He was conse- 
crated Dec. 9, 1375, at Bruges, in Flanders. 
Ang* Sac. ut sup. He occurs, san$ date^ but 
preriovsly to 1375, prebendary of X Ubrarum, 
in the cathedral of Lincobi {Wilhs. CaA %• 
p. 176;. 

'< Cirjns locum [scil. Roberti Wifeldii] Ra- 
dalphiis Argninns [Erg^um] jaris civiKs Pro* 
fiessor, et Lancastriee CSancellarius suseepit*^ 
Harpgfkldj p. 555, 14/A cent. cap. xxi. 

After the death of bishop Wivil, John Wor- 
menhall, canon of Sarum, was elected, and had' 
the royal assent Nov« 12, 1375, as Richardson 
states ; bnt, by papal authority, Ralph Erghura 
was app(Hnted. Godwin thinks he founded St 
MichaeFs Hospital, near Sarum. This hospital 
is named by Dugdale, Man. Aug. vol. 1. p. 1045, 
as valued at 25/. 2^. 2d. ; but it does not occur 
in Tanner. (See Index and Salisb. in NaL 
Man.) 

In 1385 a Ralph Erghum occurs archdeacofi 
of Dorset (Le Neve Fasti, p. 281) ; but unless 



227 

1385 i% a mistake for. 1375, that coald not be 
our bishop, for he had then been 10 years bishop. 
After sitting here upwards of 12 years, ^< usque ad 
festom exaltationis S Crucis anno 1388,'' he was 

Itnnslated by the pope to Bath and Wells, ( Godwp 
378,) ** quo die apud Cantabrigiam prsesentatse 
foefoDt sibi literee apostolicae de translatione 
sua facta ab Episcopatu Sarum ad Episcopm 
Batbon/* Wharton. Ang. Sac. ut sup. ** Urba« 
mis Radalphum Bathoniam tradocit." Harps^ 
fiMf p. d55y 14ih cent. cap. xxt. and Walsinff' 
ham in an. 1388. He had restitution of the 
temporalties from K. Rich. II. the same day, 
(Anf. Sac. ut sup.) He died Ap. 13, 1401^ as 
Godwin says ; Walsingham, however, has it in 
1400, ** hoc anno obiit Magister Radulphus 
Erghum Epus Bathoniensis.'' (p. 364, and not 
4O69 as Richardson misquotes it.) At Bath and 
Wells he sat 12 years, 6 months, and 6 days. 
(Angl. Sac. ut sup.) 

It appears that he gave the advowson and 

imiHTopriation of Pucklechurch, Gloucester, to 

the chapter of Wells, and appropriated the tithes 

to that chapter in 1388. (Atkifis's Hist. Glost. 

p. 610.) 

Wharton says, " Iste dedit Decano et Capi- 
tulo Wellens: patronatum ecclesiee de Fokul- 
chorche et L marcas in subsidium expensarum 



jhctaram circa aniooem diclee Eccae ad menmiM. 
capittilarem et alia ODera in eccla Well: soppw^ 
tanda, ac^ onum messuagiam in Wellia quodl 
Tocatur ** Le George" ad sapportanda qottdani 
alia onera per ipsum limitata. Anff. Sac. 1. 570.** 
He founded also by will, proved 19 Ap. 1400, 
(Anff. Sac. 1. 570), Moantery College at Welk, 
appointing his executors to build in the street; 
then called Mountery, since, College Lane» 
houses for the 14 chantry priests officiating in the 
Cathedral of Wells/' Not. Man. and Ang. Sac. 
ut sup. This society was styled ' Societas Pres* 
byterorum annuellarum novae Aul» Wellens/ 
and was settled in 1407, Dr. Button says (e 
regist. Well.) *^ annuellere secular is one who re^ 
ceives a yearly stipend." Glossary to Chaucer. 
The college was dedicated to St. Anne, and 
endowed with lands to the amount of 831. IQt. 
per an. {Collinson. Hist. Somerset, vol. 3, p. 383.) 
^* Dedit etiam Capitulo omamenta sacroraDOi va- - 
lentia j6^140." Godw. de pr^es. ed Rich. p. 378. 
and Eng. ed. 1601 . p. 303. CoUinson says that 
tJiis sum was appropriated to the purchase of a « 
chalice and patten, a missal, 2 gilt basons, &c. 
Hist. Somers. 3. 383.; and adds, what is not no- 
ticed by Tanner, that in 1399 he founded a 
chantry in the church of St. Andrews for the 
souls of Gilbert and Agnes, his father and mo«- 



V 

I 



3P 



229 

tbeTi and Ag^es^ his sister. (Agnes Robas) 
(8. 402. and Anff. Sac. ut sup. not) 

Godwin says be was buried ** extra capellam 
Dagno pnlpito contiguam ad Septentrionem (ed 
BiA. p. 378.) scil. in Cath. Wei. Collinson 
idds, in St. Edmund's chapel, vol. 3. p. 383. 
** Near the pulpit of Wells cathedral is a grave 
stone, covering bishop Erghum." Hist Som. 
lol. 3. 399. He notices no inscription. '< In 
navi Ecc. Well, sepelitur juxta altare S. Ed- 
mniidi Epi.'* WhartoUf Ang. Sac. ut sup. 

** He fortified the episcopal palace at Wells, 
surrounding it with a deep moat and an em- 
battled wall, flanked by semicircular towers, as 
itrtands to this day.*' Collinson ex auct lib. 
rnb. Baiho. penes Vicecom. Weymo. MS. 

We have already quoted Wharton as fixing 
the probate of bishop Erghum's will in 1400, in 
which year we have also seen that Walsingham 
places his decease. Godwin, however, says he 
died Ap. .10, 1401. Wharton, ut sup. adds, 
** Cai in historia Episcoporum Bathon. prseci- 
pue credendum est, eam enim prae aliis diligen- 
ter contexuit.*' 

Iq Doctors' Commons there is a will of a 
Ralph Erghum. (Marche p. 21. vol. 1383—1503. 
in the index to which, for p. 16, read p. 21.) 
wherein he describes himself as ** Precentor Ec-* 




381 

p. 441*) He filled the 8ubdeanery of York, in 
1S81. (i&. 1. 8S.) He occurs prebendary of 
Carlton Ryme cum Dalby, in the cathedral of 
Idncoln, in 1382, for we then find him ex- 
ehanging* that stall. With Stephen de Ra- 
▼ensor. (t&. 2. 157,) In the same year he was 
Blaster of the rolls. Grodwin calls him '' Rotu-* 
lomm prffifectus/' sans date; but Dogdale men- 
tions him thus explicitly : '< John de Waltham, 
dericuSy constitutus Mag. Rot. 8 Sept. 1382," 
ex auct Pat 5, Ric. 2. p. 1. m. 23. In 1383 
we find him prebendary of South Cave, in York 
cathedral. {Willis Cath. 1. 161.) He resigned 
that prebend that year or the following, as well 
as the subdeanery of York, on being appointed 
archdeacon of Richmond. (t&. 1. 88.) In a 
grant of free-warren. May 8, 1384, he occurs, 
master of Sherborne hospital, (Surtees^ Hist. 
Durham^ vol. 1, p. 138, which he resigned, as 
well as the archdeaconry of Richmond, {WiUis 
Cath. 1. 96,) on being appointed bishop of 
Sarum in 1388. This was by pope Urban's 
provision. He was consecrated in the church 
of Bemwell, near Canterbury, Sept. 2. (liicA- 
ardson e reffistr. Courtney^/. 322. 

In 1391, he was made lord high treasurer of 
Slngland. (Dugd. Orig. Jwr.p. S4. ex auct. PoL 
14. Ric. 2. J Richardson, {p. 10. ex auct. 2, Pat. 



330 

cles^ B. and Wellen/* and desires to be boric 
within the tomb of Ralph, formeriy bishop i 
Bath and Wells. 

Bishop Erghuni was the cause of the erectic 
of the Cross at Sarum. See Walsingham, p. 24t 
and an interesting letter in Gent. Mag. ISO- 
p. 1099, by H. Wansey, Esq. 



XXII. JOHN WALTHAM. 

SuccESSiT A. D. 1388. Obiit A. D. 1895. 

On the translation of Erghum to Bath an 
Wells, John Waltham succeeded to Same 
<< In ejus sede Joanm Walthamium qui re| 
erat a privato sigello, eoUocat. Fuit Joanm 
regi a thesauris." HarpsfieU p. 555. 14th Cen 
C(Jtp. xxi. 

This prelate appears to have been a natii 
of, and to have derived his name from Waltliac 
in Essex. *' Amongst the natives of Walthac 
John de Waltham bears away the bell.'' JFii 
lers Church History. Hist. Walt. Abbey , p. 2< 
(in the index^ for p. 30, read p. 20.) 

The earliest preferment in which we fie 
him, is the prebend of Flixton, in Litchfie 
cathedral, Nov. 20. 1361. (WUlis Cath. vol 



381 

p. 44L) He filled the 8ubdeanery of York, in 
1S8L {•&• 1. 8S.) He occurs prebendary of 
Carlton Kyme cum Dalby, in the cathedral of 
Liacolny in 1382, for we then find him ex- 
diaaging* that stall. With Stephen de Ra- 
Tensor, {ib. 2. 157,) In the same year he was 
master of the rolls. Grodwin calls him ** Rotu-* 
loram prsefectus/' sans date; but Dogdale men- 
tions him thus explicitly : '< John de Waltham, 
dericus, constitutus Mag. Rot. 8 Sept. 1382/' 
tx wet Pat 5, Ric. 2. />. 1. m. 23. In 1383 
we find him prebendary of South Cave, in York 
cathedral. {Willis Cath. 1. 161.) He resigned 
diat prebend that year or the following, as well 
as the Bubdeanery of York, on being appointed 
archdeacon of Richmond. (t&. 1. 88.) In a 
gfrant of free-warren. May 8, 1384, he occurs, 
master of Sherborne hospital, {Surtees" Hist. 
Durham, vol. 1, p. 138, which he resigned, as 
well as the archdeaconry of Richmond, (Willis 
Cath. 1. 96,) on being appointed bishop of 
8arum in 1388. This was by pope Urban*s 
provision. He was consecrated in the church 
of Bemwell, near Canterbury, Sept. 2. (Rich- 
ardson e registr. Courtney^/. 322. 

In 1391, he was made lord high treasurer of 
England. (Dugd. Orig. Jter.p. S4. ex auct. PcU. 
U. Ric. 2.) Richardson, {p. 10. ex auct. 2, Pat. 



394 

Bart, in his Hut. West. Ah. v0l. 2. p. 48, 
gives us the following account of his tomb : 

** Near the foot of Edward l/s monument is 
a pavement stone insculplM with brass, and an 
inscription, part of which was visible in bishop 
Godwin's time, but now gone; on the plates of 
which are 8 figures, 4 on one side, defaced by 
often passage over that side, thro* the skreen, 
from the high altar to St Edward's shrine ; & 

the 4 others in gothic letters, Johannes 

which adorn the effigy of a Bp, in a mass habit ; 
tiiis was laid over John de Waltham, Bishop of 
Salisbury, a great favorite of K. Rich. II. in 
whose time he was master of the Robes [read 
Rolls], Keeper of the Privy Seal^ and was chosen 
one of the 14 over the revenues, and lastly a^ 
1391, made Lord High Treasurer : he died in 
that office, having supplied it four years, and 
that of bishop, 7» He was much lamented by 
the king, who gave orders that he should be here 
buried, as Walsingham observes. 

On turning to that chronicler we find him re- 
cording ** hoc anno [u e. 1395] obiit lo : Waltham 
Epus Sarum et regni Thesauriarius qui tantum 
regi complacuerat, ut, rege jubente, inter reges 
habuerit sepulturam." Wakinffham. p. 548, (not 
389 as Hart quotes.) Dart has added to his quota- 
tion ^< etiam multis licet murmurantibus,*V«i|d 



iortemd of '' habaerit sepulturam// he has 
'^ meruit sepoltara,*' which in the first p lace is 
not concord, and in the next is nonsense, for 
the king cookl not command that he should 
deterve any thing, though he might command 
that he should hare it. 

Richardson, from ^* Claus. 14. H. 4. m. IS 
don. MS. Anstis,"' quotes the following :— - 
** Bx assensu et ^oluntate regis, corpus loadnis 
de Waltham Epi Samm sepelitur infra regiam 
aepultoram :" and adds <' et abbas et canventus 
WeHman. Miff ant se ad exequias in anniversario 
Epi cum exequiis in regalibus fieri cansueiis. el 
ihidem expressis.'^ 

Bishop Waltham's tomb is noticed in Weay«r. 
Funer Man. p. 482. 



XXIII. RICHARD MITFORD. 

SuccESSiT A.D. 1395. Obiit A.D. 1407. 

This prelate is mis-called Meltford by Qod- 
win, edit 1601, p. 281. '' Sede deinde potitur 
loannes [read Ricardus] Mitfordius a Cicestrensi 
ad banc adductus." Harpsfieldf p. 556. Mitford 
bad been a canon of Windsor in 1374. (fjfi Neve 
Fasti, p. 378.) In the parliament called " Won- 




286 

derful/* says Godwin, (int. Epos CiceH.) be wan 
^exposedi like other royal favorites to persecation. 
He was imprisoned for a long time at Bristol. 
At the change of affairs he was liberated, afod 
was raised to the bishoprick of Chichester in the 
year 1389, being then archdeacon of Norfolk. 
(Richardson^ p. 508, i registr. Courtn. f. 325, tn<. 
Epos CicesL and Le Neve, Fastis p. 219.) Ri* 
chardson calls him treasurer of Ireland, but I 
have not yet found on what authority. 

Having sat bishop of Chichester 6 years, he 
was translated in 1395 to Sarum, where he sat 
12, and died in 1407. ^< Anno 1407 Epus Sar'. 
Rich, de Mithforde seculo valefecit." Walsing^ 
ham^ p. 567. Richardson quotes 418. 

'< He lies buried in the cathedral in the 
opening behind the grand S. E. pillar into the 
S. aisle of the principal transept in a rich altar 
tomb of white marble beneath a flat arch orna- 
mented with pannel tracery, and with a mould- 
ing in front of lilies and birds bearing scrolls, 
inscribed ** honor Deo et gloria/' In the span- 
drills on each side are 4 shields emblazoned on 
the S. side ; 1st, France and England quarterly : 
2d, a cross patonce surrounded by 5 martlets. 
On the N. side; 1st, the arms of the see, and 
2d party per fess indented, in chief a fess in- 
dented/' Hist. Sar. Cath. p 217 sq. Thia 



S37 

tomb IS erroneously ascribed by Googh to bishop 
Bridporty but on reference to the Chapter Re- 
cords it was ascertained by the author of the 
last cited work to belong to Mitford. 

The cross patonce surrounded by 5 martlets 
is the ensign of Edward the Confessor. The 
2d coat on the N. side, which we are left to 
conclude belongs to this prelate, differs entirely 
from the bearings ascribed by Edmondstone to 
Metford and Mitford. It may nevertheless be- 
long to him. It might be blazoned party per 
fess indented G and Az. in chief a fess indented 
8, 



XXIV. NICHOLAS BUBWITH. 

SuccEstiT A. D. 1407. — ^Trans. ad Bath- Well A. D. 

1407.— Obiit a. D. 1424. 

Bishop Babwith, translated hither from Lion- 
doD, which seems descending the ladder of 
episcopal promotion, was removed hence to Bath 
and Wells, of which see he is best known as the 
prelate. He sat at Sarum but one year. 

Wharton (de Epis Lond. et Assav. p. 192, 8^ 
1095,) gives us the following outline of his pre* 
ferments : 




'^ In 1392 he exchanged the cbarch of 
Soiitbille in the diocese of Exeter for a canonrj 
of Lichfield Mar. 27. He was also admitted to 
the prebend of Hegges or Heyes in the dioceae 
of Exeter, in I3969 Jiwe 2. He was collated 
also to a prebend in the church of Exeter 1 S99» 
Sept. 5. Admitted before that to a canonry of 
Rippon the 19th Apr. in the same year. He 
was archdeacon of Richmond [Willis, Cath. 1^ 
96, says he was ** Archd. of Richmond Mar. 16, 
1401, but exchanged in two days with Stephen 
Scroop*"] which be exchanged for the prebend 
of Driffield [« collated,'* says Willis, Cath. 1, 131> 
" Mar. 3, 1401,"] in the church of York 1402, 
Mar. 18. He was collated to the archdeaconry 
of Dorset 1400, July 9. [** He held," says Le 
Neve, Fasti, p. 281, the Archd. of Dorset till 
his appointment to the bishoprick of London,"] 
and to the prebend of Charminster, in the church 
of Sarum, 1402, Nov. 27. He was also made 
Master of the Rolls 1402, Sept. 24, by the king; 
then keeper of the Privy Seal, [see Le Neve, 
Fasti, p. 281, and Dugdale Hist. St. Paul p^ 
287,] and being now elected bishop of London^ 
he was declared treasurer of England in 1406 
Ap 15. [He occurs treasurer of England 1406, 
"while bishop of London in Dugdale Orig. Jur. 
Chron. Ser. p^ 56, where for Lincoln read Lon- 



29» 

4m. CoUiMoOy HuU Sam. 3^ 384» incarrecUy 
sayii 1401.] His papal bulls of provision are 
dated in 1406» May 1S» by virtue of wbich he 
was consecrated at Mortlake on the 16th Sept. 
foltowing. The next year he was translated to 
Sarom, by the pope*s provision June 22, and to 
Bath and Wells, according to Godwin, the same 
year Oct. 5." 

** Nicholas Bab with was consecrated in the 
chapd of the Manor Honse at Mortlake, Surry , 
by Abp. Arandel and the Bps« of Winchester 
and Worcester, 1406/* Manning tf Bray. HiH. 
Smr. vol. Sf 305. i reg Ann. Lamb. pt. \. 33. 6. 
Ridiardson quotes for his translation to Sarum 
rtg. Atwh. f. 87. 

The particulars of Bubwith's preferments 
stated above by Wharton, are copied by New- 
court. Reperiaf*. vol. 1 , p. 21 . Copious as they 
are, the following may be added : 

In 1391, Mar. 17, he was admitted to the 
prebend of Ruiton in Lichfield cathedral. WiUis 
dah 1, 469. In 1306, Jul. 15, to the prebend 
of Wolvey in the same. (ift. 476.) In 1307, 
Nov. 21, admitted to the prebend of Offley in 
the same, (i&. 453,) and in 1403 he was collated 
to the prebend of Thame in the cathedral of 
Uncoln. (ib. vol. 2, 251.) 

Godwin mentions his having been at the 




240 

Council of Constance. He was one of the d& 
who^ by order of tbe council^ were joined to 
the cardidals in the election of pope Martin Y. • 
In 1403 Wharton (de Epi$ Lan. et Asmv. p^ 
152) says, that being* then chaphiin to the king» 
** Cartam regiam obtinuit pro instituenda Gilda 
S. Crucis et Cantariae apud Stratford saper 
Avon quod cum aliis postea effecit/* 

*^ He built/' says Collinson, (Hist. Sam. 3. 
384), tbe almshouse at Welis, called after his 
name [so Leland ** xenodochium apud Welles 
Nicholaus Bubwilh epus Batho-Wellensis primus 
fimdator." Collect, t.p. 119], for 24 poor men 
and women, on the N. side of St. Cuthbert's 
Church : — the library over the cloisters of the 
Cathedral, and within it, opposite the pulpit, a 
a little chapel still called ^ Bubwith's Chapel/ 
wherein he was buried in 1424, and where 
he appointed a priest at a certain salary to 
say mass for his soul. He also contributed to- 
wards the building of the N. W. tower at the 
W. end of the Church, and otherwise improved 
that structure." See Godtv. edit. Rich. p. 379. 

Leland thus records the hospital or almshouse. 
*' There is an hospital of 24 poore menne & 
wymen at the N side of S Cuthbertes chirch. 
there is a cantuary preste. the hospitale and the 
chapelle is buildid al in lenghth under one roofe 



241 

from W. to B. Nicholas Bubwith Bp. of Bath 
was founder, and brought it almost to perfection, 
and that that lakkid was completid by one John 
Stortbwayt, one of the Exors of the Testament 
ofBubwilh.*' Ilin.2. p. 69. And again; "juxta 
pontem amniculi in Meridionali parte urbis ver- 
sus Glessenbyri, &c."— " hoc opus inceptum a 
Gul. [read Nicolao] Bubwith." Itin. 3. p. 123. 

This hospital, (which is noticed in Tanner 
Not. Man. adds Coilinson, vol. 3. pp. 388. 480) 
^' was founded in a street called Brigg-street 
but since Beggar-street : and was dedicated to 
onr Saviour, the Virgin Mary, and All Saints, 
and was augmented by Bps. Beckington and 
Bourne of Wells. Bishop Still also [a Prelate 
to whom ample justice is idone in Sir R. C. 
Uoare*s History of the Hundred of Mere, p. 
188. sq.] added a house and 6 poor people to the 
original foundation, and Bp. Willes added 6 
people more. The chapel has in its window 
the name and arms of Bubwith, S. a bend O 
betw. 6 plates.*' 

These arms differ from those which Wharton 
(ut mp.) ascribes to bishop Bubwith, ** arma 
ejus in fenestra qnadam bibliothecee Ecclesiae 
Wellensis in vilro imperfecte depicta manent, 
viz. 4 folia viridia figuram quadratam efiicientia 
et claudentia. Arma enim portavit in scuto, 

K 




fH9 

Arg. Fasciam evectam inter 3 qaadratas corollas 
tirides quarum singulee ex qoatoor foliis iliceis 
sunt efformatae.*^ No coat of Bubwith ocean 
in EdmoDstone. In a note in the *^ Catalogue 
Eporum Bath and Well, Franc, Godwin" ap- 
pended to ** Jobannjs de Wbelhamstede Cbro- 
nicon'* [Bodl. 8^. A. 3. 16, Jur. vo/, 2, p. 679) 
we find the following : — ** Bubwithi insig^ift $d 
oram depicta sic dicimus incondite foptassCi sed 
^men ut res intelligi possit." Ar, a fess engrailed 
S. betwi 3 chaplets of hoUy leaves pr(^. 
Each chaplet consisting of 4 leaves placed 
fretwise. 

To his benefactions to Wells may be added 
the rectory of Buckland Abbots ; '' Anup 1438, 
EccL de Buckland Abbatis Dioc : Sfur : cajos 
patronatus ad sedem saani spectavit £ccl*« 
WelU. appropriavit ad susteptandos tres capel* 
lanos, &c.'* Wharton, Anff. Sac. 1. 671. note. 
•* Obiit 1424. 27 Oct." (ib.) and was buri^ in 
Wells (Cathedral, S^e Newcaurt ]^q>ert» vcL h 




248 



:XV. ROBERT HALLUM [a Cardinal]. 

SuccBssiT A. D. 1407-8, Obiit A. D. 1417. 

By Harp»field (De Ejns Sar. 15. Cent. p. 
ttS), iBtdd after him by Somner {Antiq. Cant. 
ffH. Battely. 1703. p. 101) he i& cdled Hall; 
Nit Battely in his own work appended to Som« 
k* (i&. pt. 2. p. 150) de Hallam ; and Godwin 
'eeltf. Rkhi p. 349) italam. Somner says he 
tas Vicar general to archbishop Arandel, and 
[notes Harpdfield as his anthority^ but his cita^ 
iofi is not to be verified. 

*^ He was collated, says Battely [ut sup. pt. 2), 
whose whole account of this prelate is tran- 
leribed into Hasted*s Kent, toI. 4. p. 783] to 
he Archdeaconry of Canterbury by Archbp. 
iLnmdel in 1401 ; but Le Nete (Fasti, p. 12. ex 
ma. reg. Aruii.) in 1400. He was Prebendary 
if York, (ib. 'i teg. Ebor.) [He was collated 
10 the stall of Oswaldwick Mar. 10, 1399] (Wil- 
Ibt. Cath. I. p. 156) Rector of Northfield, Kent, 
[tx auct. Reg. Cant.) and one 6f the Executors 
rf Archbp. Courtetmy's will in 1390.*' The 
lean and chapter of Lincoln contended with him 
mA bis predecessor Clifford, about the right 
tt installing Henry Beaufort, bishop of Lincoln ; 

R 2 



344 

but at last tbey yielded » and acknowledged the 
archdeacon's right, and confirmed this acknow- 
ledgment by an instrament under their seal, 
dated Ap. 20, 1404, which is recorded in the 
registers of Canterbury. 

Anno 1403 he was chancellor of Oxford, 
which ofiice he voluntarily resigned in 1406 
(Antiq. Ox.) He then went to Rome, and was 
declared archbishop of York (Walsinffh. am. 
1406) ; but the pope being sensible he should 
provoke the king's displeasure by it, revoked 
his determination, and be was soon after, viz. 
1407 or 8, promoted to the bishoprick of Saram: 
and he made his profession of obedience to the 
archbishop of Canterbury at Gloucester March 
28, 1408, 

In the same year, he, together with H. Chi- 
chele, bishop of St. David's, and Thomas Cbil- 
lenden, prior of Ch : Ch : were, by the prelates 
who were convened in a synod at London, nomi- . 
nated to go as legates from the English bishopa 
to an oecumenical council to be held at Pisa, a 
city of Tuscany. In their journey they passed 
Paris, where John Gerson, the famous theologist, 
entertained them with a notable sermon. They 
made a solemn entrance into Pisa before the end 
of April. The bishop of Sarum made an elegant 
speech to the archbishops and bishops, who were 



245 

assemfoled to the tiutnber of 140, besides a mul- 
titude of abbats and other ecclesiastical persons. 
In 1411 he was created a cardinal presbyter. 
See Battefy ut mp. pL 4 o/pt. 2. p. 1 56. Onu- 
pkrius s Pitseus. p. 945. OodwivUs List of Cardi- 
nabf 8f CiacoH. vit Pant, jf Card, vol 2. col. 803. 
By the above it will be seen that we have 
corrected some historical mistakes into which 
bishop Godwin has fallen, who intimates that 
tkis council was convened at Pisa in 1413 instead 
of 1408, and that Halam accompanied arch- 
bishop Chichely and bishop Ketterick to it. 
(Battely is wrong in saying that Godwin places 
tiiis council in 1411.) Richardson has disco- 
vered Gt>dwin's anachronism, but has not told 
as bow to correct it. The fact is that Chichely 
was not archbishop till 1409, nor was Ketterick 
bishop of St. David's till 1414. But there is a 
double error in Godwin's account, for the English 
ikputies, as we have seen above, were Chichely 
ivhile yet only bishop of St. David's, Chillenden, 
and Uallum. Ketterick was not of the number. 
That this is correct will be proved on reference 
to WHAins's Concilia, vol. 3. p. 313. The proc- 
tors whom the archbishop and clergy of the pro- 
Tince of Canterbury appointed to attend the 
cotiocil of Pisa were, " reverendos in Christo 
patres at dominos doni. Rob. Sarum et Henric. 




246 

M^nevej^ifl^mf ejtfsidem provincise Episcopos — ao 
yeD^r^bil^m ^t religiosum virum patrem Thomaa 
priorem Eccles^aB Christi Captuar." &c. 

Qodwiu 8my8 that !B[alluin wb» also present 
a^ the cojODcil of Con^auc^ ii^ |417f but Uiia 
appeal;^ fran\ WiUtiu? to ^ve ^teexK he}d m 1414. 
See Concilia^ vol. 3- P* 369> 

He diedy 9^ Godwin says, @ept. 4f 14179 at 
Gotleibj^ and ]|[li<^rd8on adds in, a, note^ *< and 
ifras.bi^^ 11^ the Catke^jral Chureh of Conatance 
Sept 13« pif^esente Ceespi^ev*^ &c. (ear atcoL Foik 
ifer Hiar^ T, 4. i>. 14|18.) 

He s^t. bisjipp^ l^ece^ ^n, yearSf 

Tiljts (da re&. 4^7. ;?. 519. in \5. CenL) 
calls, h^^ '^ ceg^P sanguine, m Anglia natos/** birt 
giy^s no ^ujthoril^v ¥U goes 9p tp s^y^ '' generiA 
splendorem cnltip^ibos turn litteris tam movibns 
nfiri^ice oma^vit et auxitt Argimenta emditionis 
ejus haec habeo quod Rpgerum G^aGtonum ordtr. 
n^)S| S; Augu^tjini in Angli^ proyinciajjem, piwa et 
erif^tqi)) virum impfsn^ amayerijl^ ^t fi^eqoeoiier 
in ^legantibps.epistolis suis eum a doctarijia plu« 
rin^qpi laudstv^rity et quo^. vicissim^ Rog^nis iUi 
pleraque sua scrjpta nunqupaverit, denique quod 
prs^ter mutuas ad se invicen^ salqtationis causa 
familiares Epistolas Jlobertus ad eun) scippserit 
sqper grayi|[)us Epclesiae negotiis/' There is so 
inucb bpmba^i assupaption of facfai without ai|<r 



247 




and i^aess-work in Pitseiis, that one 
knows not how to rely on his assertions. 



XXVI. JOHN CHANDLEIt. 

SuccsssiT A. D. 1417. ^Obiit A. D. 1426. 

The papal see being vacant, the canons took 
the opportunity of electing thbir own dean to 
the bishoprick. Chandler had become dean in 
1404. Le Neve says he was elected Nov. 15^ 
1417, had the royal assent Nov* 22, was con- 
firttied D^c. 7, and consecrated 12th. The tdm- 
poridties^ were restored Jan. 8, and he wasen^ 
thraned Ap. 17. (Fast. Ecc. Ang. p. 2i63.) 

His name occurs aniodg the prelatei^ who 
revived their education at Winchester college* 
(See Milner^s masterly and elegunt Hist. WincK 
vcL 2. p: 129.) He is supposed to have written 
the life of bishop Wykeham. Bishop !M;iInei^ 
(ut sup:) is wrong in calling him T^homas. God- 
win'(j». 350) c^lff him John. Harpsfield (p. 645) 
^ Jbhonnes Chandelarius.* He presided' here 10 
years; add dying July 1426, Was buried in his 
own cathedral. {Richardson, p. 350.) 

Ata account of biHshop Chandlcr*s foundation 
of an hospital at Sarum may be seen in Dugd. 
Mm. vid. 2. p. 472. b. 




248 

Edmondstone gives the arms of ** Chandler 
or Chaundler. Az. a chev. Ar. betw. 3 masc^les. 
O. Chaundler. Chequy Ar. & G. on a bend 
engrailed S. 3 lions passant 0. Chandler (Loo- 
don) Ar. 2 bendlets S. betw. 5 pellets in Saltier." 



XXVII. ROBERT NEVILL. 

SuccEssiT A. D. 1427. — ^Trans. ad Dunuelm. A. D. 

1487.— Obiit a. D. 1467. 

Robert Nevill was the 4th of the 8 sons of 
Ralph earl of Westmorland by Joan of Lancas- 
ter, sister to H^nry lY. By his maternal, de* 
scent he was plosely connected with all the 
branches of Plantagenet, and nearly allied in 
blood to the reigning sovereign ; and by the issue 
of his father's first bed he claimed alliance with 
all the ancient nobility and gentry of the north. 

Previously to his elevation to the prelacy we 
find him prebendary of Laughton, in the cathe- 
dral of York, to which he was collated Oct. 10, 
(WilliSf Calh. 1, 151,) and provost of Beverley 
in 1421, (Harpsfield, p. 645, and Willis^ Abbies^ 
2, 267,) both which situations he filled till 1427, 
when he was promoted to this see. Richardson 
{} reg. ChiclieU f. 47) says *^ Simon [Sydenham] 



k 



249 

hujus ecclesise decanas eligitur sed Rob. Nevill 
proviKUsi est a Martino Papa 7, id Jul. PoDtif 
X^*' He was consecrated Oct. 26, 1427. (Godw. 
edit. Richardtanf p. 350,) thetemporalties being 
restored Oct. 10. (1. Pat. 6 H. 6. m. 33.) 

Bishop Nevill sat at Sarum 10 years, and 
was translated in 1437 to Durham. ^* Rob. 
Nerill Epus Sar. p. Priorem et Capitulum Du- 
nelm. postulatus p. Papam Eugen. ad £c. Dun. 
est trans, et con. Ep. Dun. A. D. 1437. 27 Jan." 
Wharton^ 8 Ang. Sac. vol. 1, p. 777. Mr. Surtees, 
the historian of Durham, says, '^ the custody of 
the temporalties was granted to Richard Earl of 
Salisbury, and his interest soon after obtained 
the vacant see for his brother, Robert, who was 
translated by papal provision from Salisbury to 
Durham on the 27th Jan. 1437. He was con- 
secrated Jan. 27, 1437-8, received the temporal* 
ties on the 18th of Apr. 1438, and was enthroned 
at Durham the 11th of the same mouth.'' 

To the same source we are indebted for the 
foUowing interesting memoir : 

*^ Bishop Nevill does not seem to have par- 
ticipated in the haughty and ambitious spirit 
which distinguished the younger race of Nevil. 
His character is unstained by violence or in- 
trigue: he sought for no increase of privileges 
or possessions at the expence of his vassals : and 




2S0 

the ample reremies which the chnrch already 
beldy flowed: freely back through the country 
ftvm^ which they were derived. Of the private 
hahits of a life apparently passed in tranqnilifty 
and retireaient nothing is recorded: but it mery 
be collected from the Rotts ot the Episcopal 
Chancery, that under Bp. Neville the Palatine 
Establishment was liberal and splendid. The 
great offices of his state and household^ were filled 
by his kindred^ the Nevillesr and by t)be northern 
gentry, many of whom were honorably reUtined 
in hia service, or bound to him by acts of indi- 
vidual generosity. To the heir of Emilden he 
fnaely resumed the whole of his estates whi<ill' 
had escheated to the see in consequence of the 
forgery and collusion of his ancestor : and he 
restoned their ample possessions-to the GraySi of 
Northumberland^ in the person of his nephew 
Sir R.,Gray> representativa of Sir Thos. Gray, 
who suffered for treason; under H^ 64 In Obtr 
1448, 1L H. YI. visited the shrine of St. Cuth. 
bert, and was entertained for several days* by 
Bp. Neville, in the Castle of Durham. In letters 
still extant, the pious and humble sovereign ex- 
pressed himself highly gratified by his honorable 
reception, and by having witnessed the devout 
and magnificent service of the Northern Cathe- 
drals. 



^ 



2&\ 

^ The peace with Scotland had been pro* 

longed by short bat repeated truces; and in 

1449» after some motaat inroads, arising rather 

froB the fends of the border nobles than from 

aay hostile intention on the part of either GU>- 

vemoient, the Ehighsh and Scotch Commissioners 

met twice at Durham to renew the truce, and 

several minute and useful regulations were 

h&med to repress the spirit of pvivate hostility, 

and to protect the persons and property of indi- 

▼idnals The name of Bp. Nevill stands first in 

the English Commissioners, and he again acted as 

a CoMinissioner at Newcastle in 1451, when the 

traee wna prolonged; durifng the pleasure of both 

soveieigpM^ The next year saw the rise of the 

&tal dissensions betwixt the houses of York and 

IflAcaster. In 1462 Richard Duke of York, 

npported by the Nevilles, and many of the 

southern nobility, openly claimed the govem- 

it; and the victory gained at St. Alban's, 

the Earl of Northumberland and several 

of the Northern gentry fell on the side of Lan- 

csrter, placed the meek and unfortunate Henry 

in the hands of his enemies. Before the flames 

of war were renewed, Bp. Neville expired on 

Jdy 8, 1457. By his testamentary disposition 

he fv^ipiested burial in the Galilee near the re* 

li<joes of the Venerable Bede, but by order of 



i 



252 

bis executors he was interred with his ancestors 
in the S. aisle of the cathedral. The niarble 
stone which covered his remains is still visible 
near the tombs of John Lord Neville and Ralph 
Earl of Westmorland, but the brasses with which 
it had been inlaid have long perished/' HuL 
Durham f vol. 1. p. Ivii. 

Mr. Surtees adds, '* The anfy public work 
attributed to Bp. Neville is the building of the 
]Sxchequer on the Palace Green, where the Ne- 
ville arms and crest still remain above the door- 
way/' This erection is thus recorded in the 
Attg. Sac vci. 1, p. 777 : '' Hie Scaccarium 
coram portis Castri Dun. quadratum cum om- 
nibus sedificiis ofiicialibus et cubiculis construxit, 
in quo Curie Cancellarise, skakariee, Receptoris 
Computatorisque tenetur/' But it seems that 
the bishop also founded the hospital at Bher- 
bome, as may be seen in Dug. Man. 2, 476, 6. 
Godwin has fallen into an error respecting his 
having founded a monastery at Sunning* (See 
p.350 6d. Rich.) Tanner, under Berks, observes 
that this statement ** is evidently without foun- 
dation.'* Fuller adopts the same error. 

Chambre, (HisL Dunelm. Aug. Sac. 1, 177,) 
«ay8, " Obiit 1457, 9 Jul. et humatus jacet cum 
antecessoribus suis in Australi latere Ecc. Dun/* 



XXVIII. WILUAM AYSCOUGH. 

SoccESUT A. D. 1438. Obiit 1450. 

This prelate's name is varioasly written, 
Ayscougb, Ascongh, and Aiscoth. Richardson 
(p. 350) calls him *' son of Robert Ascoghe, 
A^cough, or AyscQgh, of Fotgrang«, Co. York :" 
but if we maj believe the following pedigree 
from A. Wood's MSS. in the Ashmolean, (8469. 
p. 71,) he was son of Sichard Ayscongh, and 
brother of Richard who was the purchaser of 
Potgrange. 

" John A710011KI1 ^ fil. TboBHB Bridgwdl 

Richard =^ Stat. fil. JohiSi Captien 
I de Sokebame. 



. Bl. et btex =■ Richud 
Robi. Adce 
dvAake. t.p. 



I TfaoBi.S. ia< 



.flI.Johia TfaoBi.S. Jaoobns.3. 
Nevtll d« 
Untoo. 



WiUni AyMMDgh Rich. = .... fil. Thome X topiii. 

emit BrovBh d« 

Bpns Sarom. Bl. 2. Potgrange Haokford. 

in Com Ebor. 
Armi. S. b«tv. 3 Aims. pau. Arg." 

Richardson says he was master of St. Mi- 
chael's House at Cambridge. This is evidently 
a mistake^ for he died in 1450, and according to 



S54 

Le Neve, (Fasti, p. 536.) the William Aisooagh 
with whom he has coDfouoded him, does not 
occar till 1461. Godwin (edit. 1601. p. 283.) 
calls him " Gierke of the Coaosell/' temp. 
H. VI. and L. L. D. to which I^ichardson adds, 
of Cambridge. He was consecrated in Wind- 
sor chapel, Jul. 1438. (Le Neve^ Fasti, p. 259» 
and Godwin, p. 350)) being constituted by papal 
provision. The temporalties were restored JuL 
18, 1438. (2 Pat. 16. H. 6. m. 18.) 

After having sat here 12 years, he was mur- 
dered in the insorrection headed by the infamous 
Jack Cade, as he was coming from the per-^ 
formance of mass at Edendon, near Westbury, 
Wilts, in the year 1450, on the day of St. Peter 
and St. Paul. The pretence alleged was, his 
being so much absent from his diocese in conse* 
qaence of his attendance on the king as his con- 
fessor; but the truth was, that the republican 
principles of that reformer and demagogile bad 
infected the tenants of the prelates, and led to 
to this fatal catastrophe. These reformers 
availed themselv^es of the opportunity of plun- 
dering the brshop^s mansion of 10,000 marks. 
His mutilated remains were interred in the 
neighbouring houise of Btms homines. 

Gascoyn, in the Diction. Theolog. art. P4>pev 
thus records th^ barbarous murd^er of the prelMe^ 



265 



*^ Dominus Will. Hastku, Epus Sarum, el tanc 

Confessor Reg. Hen. YI. occisus fuit per pro* 

prigs saos diocesanos post .Missam suam quam 

celebraTit in die S. Apostoloram Petri et Pauli, 

et devote accessit mortem suam ut dicebatar 

et male tractabatur a sais diocesanis propriis 

qai eom occidebant et bona sua rapiebant di- 

centes '' iste mansit semper cum rege et fuit ejus 

Confessori et non mansit in sua Diocesi Sarum 

nobiscum nee tenuit hospitalitatem» ideo occidi- 

tnr, et sic verberabant eum cum instruments 

boribilibus volnerantes graviter et occidentes 

post extractionem ejus extra eoclesiam, post- 

quam iu eadem missam celebrasset, et ipsum 

nudum jacere in campo fecerunt post occasionem 

suam." Godwin adds, '* Praeposueruct (rus- 

tici) Joannem Cadom Mortimeri nomen usurpan- 

tem Edendonam venernnt 29 Junii, et Epum 

pontificalibus indutum vestibns ab ipso altari ad 

collem vicinum vi pertrahunt et in genua pro- 

cambenti cerebrum dispergunt et spoliatum 

cadaver nudum relinquunt, cruentam interulam 

in frusta dilacerantes ut in praeclari facinoris 

memoriam asservarent/' &c* 




256 



XXIX. RICHARD BEAUCHAMP. 

SuccBSsiT A. D. 14&0. Obiit a. D. 14B1. 

Godwin (edit. Rich. p. 351) calls bishop 
Beauchamp brother of Walter Lord St. Amand. 
This is incorrect. He was brother of William, 
created Lord Beauchamp, of St. Amaod : nor 
was he, as would appear from the erroneous and 
probably accidental insertion of the word * Lord' 
in a passage in Dugdale's Baronage, vol. 1. 
p« 252. g^ndson of John, Lord Beauchamp, of 
Powyk, but of John Beauchamp, whose g^nd- 
son John, in the elder line, (the bishop's cousin- 
german) was created lord Beauchamp of Powyk. 

John Beauchamp. = 
See IHgdmU Bmroiutge^ 
voL 1* p. 240. col. ii. pa- 
ragr. 6. Foander of a 
chantry at Alcester, &c. 
36. Ed. 3. 



Sir Will. =^ 
Seeparagr. 



Sir Walter z^ 
from whom as Dvgd, 
says the Beaachamp's 
barony of St Amand 
did descend. See pa- 
ragr. 7. Compare also 
p.2d2. art. Beauch. of 
St*A.mand.lstparagr. I 



Sir John 
See par. 9. cre- 
ated 26 H. VI. 
Ld. Beauchamp 
of Powyk. 



"Will, creat. 
Ld. Beauchamp 
of St. Amand. 



J 



ich.Ep.Sae. 



237 

In Dugdale^s Baronage, vol. 1. p. ^52, it is 
evident on comparing article ** Beauchamp Lord 
St Amand/' vritb p. 349. coL ii. paragr. 6, 7, 8, 
and 0, that the word '* Lord/' in the 2d line 
mast be omitted ; or else that learned genealo- 
gist would contradict himself. 

He occurs, sans date, archdeacon of Suffolk) 
(Le Neve Fasti, p. 221. and Godw. ed. Rich, 
p. 491,) installed dean of Windsor, as Richard- 
son says, p. 351, Mar. 4, 1477. 17 £. 4. at 
which time he had been many years bishop of 
Sarom.) In Feb. 1448, 27. Hen. 6, he was con- 
secrated bishop of Hereford (Godtv. ut sup. to 
which he was appointed by papal provision (iSe- 
jfistn Stafford^ f. 31.) The temporalties were ^ 
restored31 Jan. following (1 Pae.27 jH.6.m.l3.) 
At Hereford he sat a little more than two years, 
and uras translated to Sarum in 1450. Not- 
withstanding the conge delire had been granted 
Jal. 10 (2 Pat. 28 H. 6. m. 19), yet the Pope in 
the plenitude of his power translated Beauchamp 
hither. The bull bears date Aug. 14, 1450. (Reg. 
Staff, f. 35.) The temporalties of Sarum were 
restored Oct. 1. 1 Pat. 29. H. 6. m. 19.) See 
Rgmery Fad. M. p. 222, and Le Neve, p. 1 10. 

With Gough we may truly call bishop Beau- 
champ the Wickham of the age. When K. 
Edw. IV. had resolved to take down the old 




258 

collegiate chapel at Windsor, on account of its 
decayed state, he committed the superintendance 
of the new building to Beauchamp, and the de« 
sign and greater part of the present, beaatiful 
edifice was generally attributed to this prelate^ 
whose unremitting zeal, as master and surveyor 
of the works at Windsor, procured him the 
Chancellorship of the Order of the Garter, for 
the solemnities of which order that edifice was 
designed* ** Qu6d Episcopi Sarum et succeB- 
sores sint Cancellarii Ordinis Garterii." (9 PaL 
16 E. 4. m. 18.) The preamble of this patent 
says, that ** out of mere love to the order,, he 
had given himself the leisure daily to attend to 
the advancement and progress of this goodly 
structure." HakeweWs Windsor. 'Nor is this 
the only record of this prelate's architectural 
taste. He erected the elaborate sepulcral chapel 
in Salisbury cathedral, which goes by his name 
on the S. side of the Lady Chapel ; and the great 
hall of the episcopal palace, &c. The former is 
a fine specimen of the rich style of architecture 
which then prevailed. 

That he died in 1481, having sat bishop here 
31 years, is indisputed. Not so the place of his 
interment: or rather an unfounded conjecture 
has been raised by confounding his cenotaph at 
Windsor, with lus tomb at Salisbury ; where, on 



) 



259 

the authority of Leland, we may safely assert 
that he was buried. *' Ther lyith in a chapelle 
on the S side of oar Ladies chapelle altare, 
. Beaocbamp^ Bp. Sar. in the middle of the 
chapel in a playn marble tumbe. Bp. B's father 
and mother ly also ther in marble tambes. Bp« 
B. had made afore a riche tumbe and a chapel 
o?er it at the W. end of our Lady Chapelle, but 
one John Blith, Bp. of Sar. was after buried 
imder it." Itin. vol. 3. p. 03. On this subject 
Godwin tacet. Richardson says, misled by the 
inscription on the cenotaph at Windsor—*^' apud 
Windsor — ex epitaph.'' — while in direct opposi- 
tion to Lelahd, Hakewill, in his History of 
Windsor^ p. 137, roundly asserts as follows :*-« 
" Richard, Bishop of Salisbury, the first Chan- 
cellor of the Order of the Garter, is buried in 
this part of the aisle. In an arch opposite to his 
tomb there formerly lay a missal or breviary, as 
appears by the inscription beneath it : " Who 
leyde thys booke here ? The Rev*^ Father in 
God Richard Beauchamp Bp of thys Dyocese 
of Sarysbury. And wherfor? To this intent 
that Priestes and Ministers of Goddis church 
may here have the occupation thereof, seyying 
therein theyr Divyne Servyse and for all othir 
that lysten, to say thereby ther devocyon. 
Asketh he any spiritual mede ? Yee as moche 

s2 




260 

as owre Lord lyst to reward hym for hys good 
entent: praying every roan wob dute or devo- 
cyon is eased by this booke, tbey woll sey for 
hym thys comune oryson : " Dne Iha, Xye,** 
Knelyng in the presence of thys bolie Crosse, 
for the wbyche the Rev. Fader in God above 
seyd bathe graunted of the tresure of the 
Chnrche to euy man xi dayys of pardun.'* '' On 
the centre stone of the adjoining arch, the cross 
is rudely carved together with the figures of 
Edw. IV. and Bp. B« beside it on their knees/* 
Vide HakewiU. 

The Arms of Beauchamp, of Powyk, Gloa^ 
cestershire, are« 6 a fess betw. 6 billets O. a 
canton Erm. Edmondstone. 



XXX. LIONEL WIDVILLE. 

SuccESSiT A. D. 1482. OsriT A. D. 1486. 

This prelate was brother-in-law to King 
Edw. IV. being 5th son of Richard Widville, 
or Wood ville, created earl Rivers, and brother 
of Elizabeth, wife first of Sir John Grey, of 
Groby, and afterwards of K. Edw. IV. Duffd. 
Bar. vol. 2. p. 231. col. I* His sisters were 
all married to peers, except the abovementioned 



* In the Index, art Widville, for p. 213 read 231. 



261 

Elizabeth^ who rose to royalty, viz. Margaret to 
tbe earl of Arundel ; Anne to the earl of Kent ; 
Jaquel to baron Strange, of Knockyn (a peer- 
age now in the Athol family); Mary, to the 
earl of Huntingdon ; and Catherine, first to the 
doke of Buckingham^ and afterwards to the 
duke of Bedford. i&. 

His first preferment on record appears to 
have been the prebend of Nassington, to which 
he was collated Feb. 5, 1465. Willis. Cath. 
tH)1. 2. p. 225. We next find him in the pr&r 
bend and rectory of the prebendal church of 
W. Thurrock, Essex, to which he was presented 
in 1468. Newcourt Repert. vol. 1. p. 180. note. 
Newcourt adds, but, sans dale^ that he was 
'' Master of St. Anthony's School, London, and 
Archdeacon of Oxford.** " Wydevisle Sacro- 
ram Canonicorum Inceptor.*' Rich, ex auct. 
Big. Cant. s. d. 

In 1471, June 5, he was prebendary of 
Leighton Buzzard in Lincoln Cath. for which 
he quitted the stall of Nassington. Willis Cath. 
2.205. 

In 1472, Oct. 10, he was admitted archdea- 
con of Oxford, ih. 2. 118. 

In 1478, Nov. 28, installed in the prebend of 
Thame, in the Cathedral of Lincoln, ib. 2. 252. 

In 1 180, Oct. 31,'>^being then described as 




262 

D.D. we find him in Mora Prebend in St. 
Pauls, ^* per promot. Audley ad Eptm Roft" 
Newca9irt Rep. vol. 1. p. 180 note. Newcoart 
observes, that ** though he was the next that 
succeeded Audley in this prebend, yet he pre* 
ceded him in the bishoprick of Sarum 20 years," 
He occurs dean of Exeter between 1477 
and 1483 in Le Neve, Fasti p. 86. Richardson 
says 1479. Godwin omits it. Chancellor of 
the University of Oxford, 1479, which situatioo 
he resigned 1483. ib. p. 443. Bishop of Salts* 
bury 1482, of which see he had the temporal- 
ties restored, March 28. Rymer Feed. vol. 12, 
p. 153, and had license to receive consiecration 
out of the church of Canterbury » Ap. 17 follow- 
ing (Reg. Cant.) 

He died 1485 after a very short episcopate. 
His demise was probably accelerated by mental 
affliction and grief occasioned by the downfai 
of his family, and the persecution of his friends 
under the tyrant Rich. III. who caused Henry 
Stafford, duke of Buckingham, the bishop's 
brother-in-law, to be put to death in Salisbury. 

His remains are supposed to lie under an 
altar tomb surmounted with a canopy, at the en- 
trance into the N. side of the choir. 

Leland, in his Collectanea j vol. 5, p. 212, and 
Godwin de prcesul. ed. Rich, p. 351, both record 



263 

of this prelate his being* father of Stephen Gar- 
diner, bishop of Winchester, well known for his 
pereecating spirit. This Stephen was his natural 
lOD, and to conceal the publicity of the fact 
bishop Widville gave the mother in marriage, 
when pregnant, to a servant of his of the name 
of Gardiner. Dugdale also, in his Baronage, 
vol. 1, p. 231, coL 1, speaks distinctly of this 
lingular, but perhaps not generally known fact. 
Bidiop Gardiner died 1555. He bore Az. on a 
cross bow betw. 4 doves' heads erased Ar. a 
Rose 6.— See BUmefields Collect. Camb. p. 213, 
4*^ 1750. 



XXXI. THOMAS LANGTON. 

ScccEssiT A. D. 1485.— Trans, ad Wint. A. D. 1493. 

Obiit a. D. 1500-1. 

This prelate " *was born at Appleby in 
Westmorland, where being educated in religion 
and grammar learning among the Carmelites, 
or White Friars, was sent, as it seems, to 
Queen's Coll. Oxford ; but a pest breaking out 
in the University soon after, he went to Cam- 
bridge, and became a member of Clare hall, 
(one saith of Pembroke Hall,) [Godwin], took 

* Ath. Oxon. new cdiu vol. 2, col. (188. 




264 

the degrees in the Canon Law, (in which after* 
wards he was incorporated at Oxford, and had 
considerable dignities in the church bestowed on 
him, among which was the prebend of S. Decu* 
man in the church of Wells 1478. In 1483, he 
being about that time Provost of Queen*s Coll., 
Oxford, and Master of St. Julianas hospital in 
Southampton, was consecrated bishop of St* 
David's ; whence being translated to the see of 
Salisbury, on the death of Lionel Woodville^^had 
restitution made to him of the temporaltien be- 
longing thereunto, 4 May 1484. In a writing 
in Queen's College Treasury, dated 10 Aug. 
4. Hen. 7. 1489, he occurs by the titles of L.L.D. 
Bp. of Saruro, and Provost of Queen's. Whence 
we may conclude that he kept the said Provost- 
ship tn commendam with Sarum, as probably he 
had done with St. David's. In 1493 he was 
translated to the see of Winchester, and had 
restitution made to him of the temporalties thereof 
27 June, where, being settled, he put in practice 
his good deeds, which he had done at Sarum, 
viz. by shewing himself a Mecaenas of learning, 
for which I find he had so great respect, that 
he took care to have youths trained up at his 
own charge in grammar and music, (the last of 
which he infinitely delighted in,) in a school 
which he set apart in the precincts of his house. 
It was usual with him to make his scliplavs re^ 



265 

peat at night before him such dictates as they in 
the day time had learned from their master : and 
such as conld g^ve a laudable account, he either 
eocouraged with good words or small rewards, 
saying to those about him that ' the way to en- 
crease virtne was to praise it/ &c. In his epis- 
copal office he behaved himself so well, that he 
was in great authority with three Kings, espe- 
cially for his learning and experience in civil 
affairs; and had not death snatched him un- 
timely away, would have succeeded Moreton in 
tlie see of Canterbury* He died in the begin- 
Ding of the year 1501, and was buried in the 
Cathedral at Winchester near the tomb and 
shrine of St. Swithin." 

" By his will, which I have seen," continues 
our author, A. Wood, ** he gave to the Priests 
of Clare Hall, Cambridge, considerable sums of 
money, and 402. to the chest of that house. To 
every fellow of Qu. Coll. in Oxon, 6*. Sd. and 
40 marks to the elemosinary chest thereof, be- 
sides a suit of vestments for a priest, deacon, and 
subdeacon, and 4 copes. He gave maintenance 
also to a chaplain that should celebrate service 
for him, his parents and all faithful deceased, 
for the space of 100 years, in Appleby Church, 
which chaplain was to receive for his labour 8 
marks yearly. To the friers (the Carmelites) 




266 

in Appleby 20 marks to pray for him, besidesi 
several sumit^ to the friers of Oxon and Cam- 
bridge, and to Rowland Machel and Elizabeth 
his wife, (sister to the said Bishop,) he gave 
several lands in Westmorland, besides 200 marks. 
He built also the little room (which is now a 
large bay-window to the Provost's dining-room 
in Qu. Coll.) with curious vaulting under it; 
which vault is now no other than a portico to 
the College chapel. Over the said bay-window 
is carved in stone a musical note called a Long^ 
on a tun, which is the rebus for his sirname : and 
out of the bung-hole of the tun springs a vine 
tree, which^ without doubt, was put for Vinton, 
or Vinchestre, he being then Bishop of that 
place/* 

** He left behind him a nephew named Robert 
Langton, born also in Appleby and educated in 
Qu. Coll. of which he was LL.D. He died at 
London in June 1524, and was buried before the 
image of S. Michael in the body of the church 
belonging to the Charter-house (now Sutton*s 
hospital) near London. By his will [in ofiic. 
preerog. Cant, in Reff, Bodfeld. qu. 21.] he be- 
queathed to Qu. Coll. «£200 to purchase lands 
and make a school in Appleby, and what his 
benefaction was besides, as also of that of Bp. 
Laugton^ you may see in Hiai. (^ Antiq. Univ. 



267 

Oxtm. lib. 2, p. 123 i^:"— Woods Ath. Ox. edit. 
Blm, vol. 2, col. 688. 

In the notes to the above edition of Wood's 
A. 0. we have the following : — << Tho. Langton 
was of Pembroke Hall, of which, see enough in 
Wren's MScfe Custod. et Sociis Pembroch.-^An. 
]4o4f Tho. Langton, Carliolen dioc. per li. di. 
ordinatas Acolitas perWiirm Dunkalden. ep'Hoiy 
viceWiiri ep'i Elien. Regr. Elien. — Tho. Lang- 
ton procurator senior acad. Cant. An. 1462. 
IJh. Proc. Baker." 

Langton was admitted to the rectory of All* 
hallowsy Bread street, Lond. Jul. 1. 1480, and 
to that of AUhallows, Lombard street^ May 14, 
1482. Newcoort Rep. 1. 245. 

He had also the prebend of N. Kelsey, in 
lincoln cathedral, which he resigned in 1483 on 
his promotion to the see of St. David's. (Willis 
Cath.(Linc.) p. 229.) 

Browne Willis, in St. David's, vol. 4, p. 115, 
calls him rector of the two All hallows, but does 
not supply the date, which is given in Newcourt 
as above. 

" Tho. Langton Epus Sar' confirmatus erat 

Praepositus Coll Reg [Ox] p. Archpm Ebor. 

6 Dec. 1487 p. resig. Hen. Bost." — Ita in Reff. 

Roiheranu Wood. Hist. Antiq. Ox. edit. Gutch. 

p. 147. 




268 

Jan. 22, 1500, he was elected to Ci 
but died before the translation could b 
Le Nepe, Fasti, p.p. 513, 250, 286. 

Wharton says he died a little befoi 
1500, ex fide Reg. Cant. See Rich 
234, note. 

Godwin tells us, that to commeii 
having been a fellow of Pembroke H 
bridge, he gave a silver vase or bo\ 
society, weighing 67 oz. with this in 
'' Thomas Langton, Winton. Epus, A 
brochianae olim socius dedit banc tassia 
tarn eidem Aulse 1497. Qui alienarit 
sit." Com. de prtesul. edit. Richardson 

** One Bp. Langton made of late t;j 
peace of work and lodging of stone at 
End of the Haul'* — i. e. of Sherbon 
Leland Itin. vol. 2. p. 88. 

" He lies buried," says Bp. Mi 
Winchester Cathedral in the chantry i 
the E. end, still called after him, und( 
tomb which was originally exceedingl 
but which is now stripped of every bra 
ornament for which money could be i 
Hist. Winch, vol. 2, p. 63. 



900 



XXXII. JOHN BLYTH. 

Sdccbssit a. D. 1493. Obiit A. D. 1499. 

Wood tells us he was " son of Will. BIyth of 
NortoBi in Yorksliire^ son of another William 
of Leeds, in the same county/' Ath. Ox. edit. 
BKsSf vol. 2, p. 691. His editor supplies us 
with tlie following note : ^* The place called 
Norton is not in Yorkshire, but in Derbyshire. 
The Parish Church of Norton is, however, only 
aboat 2 miles from the edge of the county to- 
wards Yorkshire," &c. Hunter. 

Wood's MSS. in the Ashmolean Museum 
contain the following pedigree. 8469, p. 139. 

Will. BIyth of Leeds in Yorke = 



Will. Blyth of Norton ==.... dan. of Aasten 
in Yo. (read Derb.) 



iohn Blyth Bp. JeffcryBIytheBp. Tho.Blythmar^- Rich.B. 

•fSiLl493, of Coventry. the dan. and of Norton 

2d Son. 3d Son. heir of Skel- m. & bad 



lowes. issue. 



*f 



Besides being brother of Geoffery Blyth, bishop 
^^ Coventry, it appears from Richardson, p. 323 




--, 270 

e M.S. Coll. Jes. Cam. that he was nephew of 
Tho. Rotheraiu, archbishop of York • 

The first jireferment of his that T find on 
record is the archdeaconry of Huntingdon, into 
which he was installed by proxy, June 13, 1478. 
Willis. Cath. 2, 107. Collated to the prebend 
of Massam, York, 1484. ib. 1. 153. Admitted 
archdeacon of Richmond Oct. 8, 1485. ib. 1 . 97. 
Master of the rolls 1492. Dugd. Orig. Jur. 
Chro. Ser. Consecrated Feb. 23, 1493, bishop 
of Sarum, when he relinquished the archdea* 
conry of Richmond. Wood A. O. neiv ed. 2. 
703. — and chancellor of the University of Cam- 
bridge the following year, which olffice Le Neve 
says he held till 1496. Fasti. 390. 

He sat at Sarum 6 years, and died Aug. 23, 
1499. In fixing his death in this year all the 
authorities concur excepting the author of the 
Antiq. Sar. who at p. 110 has the following: — 

<< Behind the altar, under an arch with a closet 
over it, lies a Bp. at full length, and over him 
is this Inscription, renewed perhaps from y® ori- 
ginal, now defaced.'* 

<< Hoc tumulo requiescit corpus Reverendi 
VatriH JoJiannis Big the quondam Sartim Episcopi, 
cujus anime propitietur Deus. mcccclxxxiii. 
Amen.'' 

By which it would appear that he died 10 



271 

years before he became Bishop ! The true date 
should be 1499. Wood, ut stip. 2. 601, observes 
**In 1500, he (Dean) was translated to Saram 
OH the deaih of John BIyth, lately Bishop 
thereof.'* Godwin places his death as above^ 
&c. Com. de prees. p. 352. The latter adds that 
contrary to the usual way his body was placed 
N. and S. instead of E. and W. This, how- 
eTer, is not correct, as it was his tomb, and not 
his body, that was placed N. and S. 

^ At the end of the principal transept is an 
attar tomb supporting the figure of a Bp. now 
mach defaced, and surmounted by a canopy. 
On the front of the pillar are the traces of an 
inscription, which once indicated that it contained 
the remains of a Bp. Blythe, who died 1499. 
This tomb, according to Leiand, was originally 
constructed by Bp. Beauchamp at the W. end 
of the Lady Chapel to receive his remains : but 
as he was buried in his own chapel, it was after* 
wartls chosen by Bp. Blythe as his place of 
sepalture. As it stood at the back of the High 
Altar it was placed N. and S. contrary to the 
osual custom, and hence, according to Godwin, 
it bore the name of the " thwart-over Bishop.** 
Bat when taken down, the skeleton of the Pre- 
late was discovered in a small vault immediately 

under the altar lying E. and W." Hist. Sar. 
Calh. p. 209. 




272 

His will was made Aug. 23, 1499, and pre 
20 Sept 1499, in the prerogative coart of i 
terbury, as Richardson p. 352 states ex < 
MS. Austis. This fact will sufficiently prov^ 
incorrectness of the date in the inscription g 
in the Anliq. Sar. 

" In the Parish Church of Norton Co. De 
is the monument, without an inscription, oi 
Father and Mother of this Bishop, and Greofli 
Bp. of Lichfield and Coventry, and the torn 
their elder brother Richard, with a mutilatec 
scription, of which the name only remaim 
These Prelates appear to have been natives of I 
ton. The monument above mentioned was pu 
by the survivor of the two brothers, viz. Bis 
Greofiry Blyth, who founded a chantry, 
William Blyth, the father, who appears to I 
made a fortune in trade, had a grant of amo 
1485.** lyaon's Derbyshire p. 221.—" In 1 
Charles Blyth sold the whole manor of No: 
to John Bullock. Blyth, in 1587, bought 
bington^s moiety of it. It is now in the Oi 
family." ih. p. 220. 

The Arms of Blyth of Derbyshire are En 
roe bucks tripping, proper. Crest on a wn 
of stages head erased G. Edmondst. TI 
of Yorkshire g^ve Ar. a hart tripping 6. ib. 



273 



XXXIII. HENRY DEANE or DENNY.^ 

SuccBSsiT A. D. 1600.— Trans, ad Cant. A.D. 1601. 

Obiit a. D. 1602—3. 

Bishop Deane '' was educated in the Uni- 
rersity of Oxford, where he took the degrees ia 
arts and divinity, but ia what college or hall 
appears not. However, some are pleased to say 
that ho was educated in 2ie\7 Coll., yet whether 
be ivas perpetual fellow thereof, the registers of 
that house tell us not. After he had left the 
University he was made prior of Lanthouy, near 
to Gloucester, (in thi neighbourhood of which 
place, I presume, he was born,) and on the 13th 
of Sept. or 20th of Nov. 11. H. 7, he was by 
letters patent [Pat. 11. H. 7. p. 1 in dors.] con- 
stituted Chancellor of Ireland, to execute that 
officeby himself or deputy. On Jan. 1 following 
he was constituted [ib. p. 1.] deputy and Justice 
of the said realm, where, being settled, he per- 
formed good service against the grand impostor, 
Perkin Warbeck, and being elected Bishop of 
Bangor, after the death of Richard, lately Bp. 
of that place, had restitution [Pat. 12. H. 7. p. 

* ^* Hen. Deneyerius Denny." An/i^, Sac, 1. 795. 

T 



274 

1. m.5] of the tetnporalties belonging therenntc 
made by the King 6 Oct. 12. EL 7. Dom. 149C 
In 1500 he was translated to Salisbury on tb 
death of John Blyth^ and had restitution [Pm 
15. H. l.p.\. m. 27] of the temporalties therec 
made to him on the 12th March the same year 
about which time he was made Chancellor c 
the Order of the Garter. In 1 501 he was electei 
Abp. of Canterbury, upon the death of Car 
dinal Moreton ; wherenpon, being translatei 
thither, had [Pal 16. H. 7. p. \. m. 1] restitntia 
of his temporalties Aug. 2 of the same yem 
About that time the members of the Universit 
of Oxon received an Epistle \B£g. EpisL Unu 
Ox. FF, ep. 518] of favor from him, wherdt 
among other things, he stiles the said Universit 
his ' benignissima mater.' He died at Lambet 
Feb. 15, saith a certain author \Godw.\ thoug 
a register of that time [Reg^ antiq. Coll. Men 
foL 138. a], tells us that it was on the 16th € 
that month 1502, whereupon his body was cat 
ried to Canterbury, and buried in the middle < 
the martyrdom within the precincts of the Ca 
thedral, leaving behind him the character of 
person altogether fitted for those places that h 
successively enjoyed.*' — Wood's A. O. edit. BlU 

2. 690. 

Wood's editor adds :— " Uenricus Sarui 



276 

epW pmratim Bccl. B. M. jnxtk Glocettiimn 
oniuiif S« AngustiDi in commenda tenuit.'*— 
^160h 34 Apr. Henricas Sarum Ep'os Ctmslitait 
Hadrianim Castellenflem papee secretariam et 
alios pracuratores tuos in cnria Romana super 
ministerio biendee translatioais ad eccL OanC 
Cdkctam. Joh. JBydde^ M. S. Kenmet. 

Browne Willis, in his Catbedrala^ nnder 

Bangor» p. 94, says he was ^ made about 1466 

Fiior of Lantbony, m his native county of Gloa- 

eerter ; elected Bp. of Bangor May 81, 1490. 

The year before his promotion he was constituted 

lord Justice, and about the same time Lord 

Chancellor of Ireland /' ^or these assertions he 

qooles Ware^ but this is wrong ; he was Bp. of 

fit Dayid's before he went to Ireland. Willis 

adds, '* while Prior of Lanthony, which he held 

aiesm. with the bishoprick of Bangor till his 

traaslation to Sarum, he became a great bene- 

&elor thereto in building, as appears by his arms 

over the gatehouse." He was also very bounti- 

fiil in like manner to his Church of Bangor, the 

rebiylding of that choir after it had lain in ruins 

ikout 90 years, being ascribed to him, which, 

• it is said, was entirely his work, and that on 

lu8 removal to Salisbury and Canterbury he left 

to his successor at Bangor bis crozier and mitre, 

of considerable value, on condition that he would 

T 2 




S76 

finish what he had begun, while he 8at 
He, moreover, took g^eat pains in recover 
that see divers parcels of lands, that for w 
looking to, were alienated from the bisho 
particularly the island of Seals, between ! 
. head and Anglesey/* 

The Anglia Sacra 1, 1S4, thus records 
<' Translatus est a sede Sar* ad Cant* a^- 
[rectius 1501] Falliam accepit 1501, sedit 
2. ob. ~b9' 1503 ineuDte die 15 Feb. apud 1 
tham. Ista solummodo habet author Anti 
turn Brit, neque certiora inveuire potui. 
obitus confirmat obituarium Cantuariense 
in Bibl. Lam. cui consonat indiculus M. 
consecrationibus et success. ApmCantin 
Coll. Jul. c. 2. et Epit. Sepul. Minus 
itaque aliud Obituar. Monachorum Cant. ! 
inter arcbiva Ecc. X^ Cant, cujus hcec 
verba. A®- 1503. ob. die. 16 Feb. Rev. 
pat H^Deene &c. Iste sletit Arpus 3 per 
etnunquam erat installatus in prop. per. in e 
sede Cant. Iste Apus non babuit memor 
dierum ut moris est Ap7n, propter paupert 
Erat valde deceptus per Exores suos: ] 
bona reliquit post se sed Exores sui scelerat: 
furabuntur." &c. 

Somner, in his Antiq. CanU p. 137, nc 
records his dying in 1 502, the 2d year aft 



277 

tratklatidD^ and his beings buried iq the Martyr- 
dom. Baftely, in F- 2 of F- 2, p. 78, has fur- 
nisbed us with the following :•— '' Henry Dene^ 
or rather Dennyt appoints in his will, which is 
ID a register of Canterbury Church, the place 
and manner of his funeral. He bequeathed a 
nl?er dup to John (Bell) his Suffitig^an Bp., and 
to die church of Canterbury a silver image of 
St John^ the Evangelist, weighing 151 oz. He 
died Feb. 1502-3." 

Hasted. Hist. Kent. 4, 735, adds, '' He pro- 
ceeded S. T. P. at Camb. 1501, became Pope's 
le^te (Rym. Fted. xii. p. 791.) In that year 
be had been commissioned with the Earl of 
Sorry, and 11. Fox, Bp. of Winton, to treat with 
James lY. of Scotland, about a marriage be- 
tween him and Margaret, eldest daughter of 
Hen. 7. (Fted. ut sup.) He directed JC600 to 
be bestowed on his funeral (e regist.) The 
gravestone yet remains,^ but the brass with 
wbich it was inlaid, on which were his effigies 
in pontif. and inscription has long since been 
torn from it." Hasted, however, has preserved 

Hie sub marmore jacet corpus Rev°^ in 

* ** Corpus in Ecc-Cant. in martyrio S. Thorn* sepeliri prccepiu** Aug. 




278 

Cbiisto Plat et IKmik BEen^ Dene qaondam Vw 
oris Prioratos de Latiliiotia, deiode BangporeH 
ac succestiYe Sar\ £pi\ diem sotim claasit « 
tremom apud Lambeth 15 die mens. Feb. A. I 
1502 in i^ traas. aimo* Cajos anime propitieti 
altissitmn* 

He bore Ar. on a chevroa 6 3 pastoral steti 
O* betw, 3 choaghs prop. Hasted. Kent. 1* 73 

Godwin, p« 132, aays his body was conv«yi 
by water from Lambeth to Fevershamt ai 
tbence to Canterbury for interment *' a 33 nan! 
lugnbri habita ve^tis, et multis cereis accenm 

Sir James Ware thus speaks of Bp^ De&n J 
his Annak. X. H. vii. €hc^. x. p. 27 o^ 1404 
^ The King resoWing to send some pradent ai 
faithful persons io Ireland, as well to detect Pe 
kins the impostor, as to undermine the plots 
the abettors, ordained Sir Ed. Poynings Loi 
Deputy of Ireland, and H. Dean, Bp. of Bangc 
Lord Chancellor/' And at ch. xi. p. 31 : " ] 
Foyning's stead, who had been recalled, Dei 
was immediately (1496) subsrtitoted by the til 
of Justiciary of Ireland, as also Bp, of Bang^ 
and Prior of Lanthony, (to which the Cel 
of Colp, and ]>uleck in Meath, did belong 
When he had enjoyed these honors almost 
months he was recalled." Ware uniformly wril 
him Dean, See also p. 33. 



S7Q 



An -acewitit 'of Deaae's mmimettt vaay he 
mo ia Wimwet. Fimer. Mm. p, 881 • 



XXXIV. EDMUND AUDLEY. 

SuccsssiT A.D. ld02. Obiit A.D. 1624* 

A. WooQf Ath. Ox. 2. 725, edit. Bliss, calls 
this prelate '[2Dd] ** son of James Tuchet, or 
Toucbet, lord Andley, by Eleanor, his [2nd] 
wife.* He was educated in Lincoln college, to 
^ich afterwards be was a benefactor. A. B, 
11^ ; bat whether he took the degree of master 
Joes not occur in the registry of that time, 
which is imperfect. In Jan. 1471 he became 
prebendary of Farendon, in the church of Lin- 
coln jf and in Oct. 1475, prebendary of Code- 
worth, in the chnrch of Wells. On the 25th 
Dec. of the same year, he became, under the 
title of A. M. Archdeacon of the E. R. of York- 
shire. At length he was promoted to the see tif 
Bochester, and translated to that of Hereford, 



I* Nitsnl (baghter of Thomas HoUaad, carl of Kent. CoUinit Peerage. 

t Willis, but with some degree of doubt, says, 1462. Cath, vol, Zp. 185. 
1 >PPidicad ie75 is the true date. 



280 

the temporalties of.wbich were restored Dec. 
26, 1492, and tbeoce to Sarum, the temporaltief 
of which were restored Apr. 2, 1502, and about 
that time he was made Chancellor of the Ordei 
of the Garter/' 

" In 1618/' continues Wood, " he gavi 
400/. to Lincoln CoUej^e to purchase lands, and 
about tliat time bestowed upon the said bouse 
the patronage of a chantry, which he had latelji 
founded in a chapel built by him in the N. pari 
of the choir of the cathedral at iSarura^ ]Je wai 
also a benefactor to the reparation of the con- 
gregation house (sometime a library) on the N. 
side of St. Mary's chancel, in Oxford ; to the 
erection of that curious piece of woikmansliipj 
the stone pulpit, in the said church, finished 
1508, at the bottom of which were his arms, (c 
fret intpjiled Jyij the See of S^truhh) and he gave 
200 marks for the supply of Chicliely's chest (be- 
longing tu the Uiiivci'sity) which lititl bcou be- 
fore ro'jbed of its treasure. ])ut whether he 
built the choir or chancel of St. Mary's church, 
or gave the old organ, as a certnin author [God- 
win] is pleased to tell us, I fiiul it no where ap- 
pear. At length, departing this uioitai life, in 
a good old age, at llamsbury, in Wilts, on Aug 
23, 1524, he was buried in the chapel before 
mentioned, built by him in honor of the aS' 



281 

soaptioD of the Virgin Mary, within the cathe- 
dral of Samm, to tho reparation of which he 
beqoeathed 60;/' Wood's editor adds, '' 1467, 
2 May, Edmundas Audley admissus ad eccriam 
prebendalem de Iwem {^r mortem Nich. Ca* 
lent, decani Well. Meg. JBeatic^np.-— Edm. 
Audley,. A. M. coll. ad Archid Essex, 22 Dec. 
1479, per mort. lo. Crall ; ad preb. de Mora 
in eccl. Paul, 18 Sept.* 1476 ; resignavit Ar- 
chidiatum Essex, ante 21 Jul.f 1480. Kbn- 

MBT." 

In Wood's Hist, and A ntiq. of Oxford^ p. 
239, he thas occurs : '< Edm. Audley, bishop of 
Sarom, (who seems to have been formerly of 
(his hoose,) gave, at the request of Dr. Drax, 
rector, 400Z. an. 1518, with which were pur- 
chased lands in Buckinghamshire for liveries for 
the fellows, obliging them thereby and their 
successors, to solemnize his anniversary (besides 
other duties) for the health of his soul, and the 
mis of James Tuchet, Lord Audley, and 
Alianore, his wife, parents of tlie said Bishop.'* 
kc. 

In Willis, he thus occurs : <' Prebendary of 



* See alio iVevc0»rl ibrp. 1. 100. , 

t Newvourt gives the cUu 22 Dec. 1479. Rep, 1. 71* 




282 

FMendoti cum Balderton, in LhicCmtb.* 1462.'' 
Catli. 2. 186. f' Collated to the Freb. of OolwaM^ 
al' Bartootin theCatlu ef Hereford, June M^^M^T 
Cath. 1. 66L ^ Collated June 17, 1474 to the 
Preb. of Oaia Mmor ib Liefaield Oatb.** €Mk 
1 , 447. '« Prebendary of iGevendale in Yoric GaUi, 
Oct. 18, 1478. Bp. of Rochester^ 1480." CML 
1, 137» He occurs canon of Windsor, l«f73. 
Li Neve Fasti, 380. <' A. M. Canonicus WdU 
lensis, admissus 1475, Oct. 27« — EbomoOBaii 
1478, Oct. 29.'' Roffensis Epus 1480, lice^- 
Uam <;onsecrationis extra ecclesiam Cant, sosci- 
piendse obtinuit die 18 Sept. Herefor diam Irans- 
latus est medio anno 1492. Anff^ Sae. 1. 38L 
*' He resigned about 1480 the Archdeaoamry d 
Essex, but the Prebend of Mora became void 
by his 'promotion to the see of Rochester in Oc« 
tober following.'' Newoaurt Rep. 1. 71. ex^mA. 
London. Reg. 

With regard to Wood's donht respectmg 
Audley's having built the clioir of St. Mary'i 
church and given the organ, that point is set at 
rest by Richardson, who in a note p. 352, sajnii 
this was not done by our bishop, but by Wifliam 
Grey, archdeacon of Berks, as appears by his 
will, proved in the Arches Court, 1523. 

* Wood ut sup. sayB, 147& In 1462 be "wai not A. B. 



28S 

fUfei^ in hm WofthieSf edit. Nidhols^ f« 306y 
flid«p 'Stafford, mjs, he is ** infbrmed by Ikat 
ikilfiil antiqanry, Mr. Tho. Barlow, of OxCh^ 
that tiMii Bdmandy io one and the same inatro* 
BMt writes himself botii Aadley and TodcheU** 
"He was bred/' adds Fuller, '< ia the Umver- 
d^ 4i( Oxford, and in process of time he bailt 
the choir of St. Mary's therein anew, at his own 
dafge adorning^ it * organis hydraolicis.' These 
words Failer focmd in Godwin, bot the whole is 
a mistake as we have shewn above. 

Leland says, that he was buried *^ In pres- 
byterio ex parte Bor/* Itin. 8. 93. 



XXXV. LAWRENCE CAMPEGIO 

[a Cardinal]. 

SuccBssiT A. D. 1524.— Depriv. a. D. I6d§.— Obih: 

A. D. 1539. 

Campegio was bom at Bologna, in Italy, in 
1472, being the son of a lawyer, and was himself 
bred to the law. In 1510 he became auditor of 
tlie Rota. It appears, from Ciacon. VitPontif. 
T. 3. f. 384, that he was married ; but his wife 
clying, he entered into orders, and became suc- 
cessively bishop of Feltria iu 1512, cardinal of 




284 

St« Thomas in 1617, and afterwarcU of Si. Ana- 
statia, June 27 of the same year. In Dec^ 1634 
he vas appointed, by the provision of pope Gld* 
ment, bishop of Sarum (Rymer Fwd. T. 14« p< 
29.)f and was deposed 26. H. 8. 1636. (Richard- 
son. p. 363, e MS. Anslis.) 

A. Wood says, that ** after the death of Andley; 
Campegius, card, of Anastatius, was madefaishc^ 
of Sarom ; but whether he, being almost con- 
tinually absent, or any of his successors till tbc 
time of S. Ward, an. 1671, were ever Chancel 
lors of the Order of the Garter, doth not appear.*^ 
Ath. Ox. 2. 726. edit. Bliss. 

Fuller, in his Ch. Hist. Cent. xvi. p. 412 
tells us that ** the Pope had dispatched a com- 
mission to two Cardinals, Wolsey and Campe 
gius, an Italian, at London, to hear and deter- 
mine the matter of Hen. Vlllth's divorce ; an^ 
that Campegius, being the junior Cardinal, was 
therefore the rather procured by Wolsey to bi 
his Colleague herein. Campegius was none o1 
the most mercurial among the Conclave of Car- 
dinals, but a good heavy man, having inffenimm 
par negotio, neither too much nor too little, bn< 
just wjt enough for the purpose the Pope em- 
ployed him in. Wolsey, hearing Campegius 
was come to Calais with an equipage not sc 
court-like as he could have desired, and loatt 



286 

that hifl own pomp should be shamed by the 

4)ther's poverty, caused him to stay there till he 

sent him more spleodid accomodations, and 

then over he came into England/* — A court was 

<atUedf and the cardinals having read the com* 

mission^ proceeded to examine the matter, and 

Jiereapon, says Fuller, ** such a spectacle hap« 

pened (in a great room called the Parliament 

Chamber in Black Friars) as never before or 

after was seen in England, viz. Henry summoned 

in his own land to appear before two judges, the 

one Wolsey, directly his subject, and the other 

\k\% subject by preferment, Campegius being 

lately made Bp. of Sarum. The first Session 

took place May 31, 1520, and the trial lasted till 

July 23, when the Queen appealing to the Pope, 

the Court was adjourned, and was afterwards 

disiolved. The result is too well known to need 

a place here. — See Fiddes^s Life of Wolsey, Bk« 

2« ch. :Kxiii. p. 200. 

It appears from Hume (Hist. Eng.), that he 
was rather temporizing on the subject of the di- 
Torce of Hen. YIII.— bis conduct, though pru- 
dent, is somewhat ambiguous, and it was doubt- 
lett on this account chiefly that the impetuous 
numarch ejected him from his English prefer- 
laent. An instance of this prelate's casuistry on 




the SBbject of clerical celibacy wiH be found i 
¥^dde8 as aboTC. 

Cainpegio died at Rome ia Aug. 1539» ata 
the a^ of 67 (Ciacan. vit. PwUif. T. 3. 386^^ 
being then bishop-cardinal of Preeneste {Ctadm.^ 
edit 1001. p. 285). He left the character of 
man of learning and a patron of learned men 
being much esteemed by Erasmus, Sadole^ 
—-His letters, which are his only works e 
are published in ^ EpiHoL MisceU. Hbri X'*' 
Basil. 1550. fol. 

It appears from Ciacon vU pontif. T. 3. 774,^ 
that he had a son, Alexander, made a cardinal b]^ 
pope Julius lU. in 1551. Father and son weri^ 
both buried in our Lady Church beyond Tyber-. 
The following is their monumental inscription— 

^^ Laxjrentii Titnli S. Mariae Transtybe- 
rim Patris: Et Alexanbri S.Luciaein SiHce 
Filii ex legitimo matrimonio ante Sacerdotinm 
susceptiy ex nobili Campegiorum Bononien- 
sium familia S. R. E. Cardinalium ossa ex emi- 
nenti loco Anno salutis MDLXXI hue translata 
in nnum requiescunt.** 



967 



XXXn. NICHOLAS SHAXTON. 

SuccsssiT A. V. 1536.— Depriv. A. D. 1639. — Obiit 

A. D. 1560. 

0» tbe ejectment of Campegio from the 
iNslM^Nrick, Shaxton was appointed in 1535. 26. 
S.8b fie bad the temporalties restored 1. Ap. 
1686 Jtym. Feed. T. 14. p. 550, and was conse- 
<vited Ap. 11. in St. Stephen's Chapel, West- 
niTMter (Retf. Cranmer. f. 172). He was a 
Cambridge man, and Wood adds, in bis Fasti, 
pt. t. col. 17. edit. Bliss, that he was D. D. He 
nceeeded to thetreasurership of Saram in 1599 ; 
{Fasti: Ox: ut sap. if Le Neve Fasti Ecc: p. 
271) J which" he quitted before the 16th Mar. 
1584 (Wood's Fasti, pt. 1. col. 51. art. Sampson.) 
Godwin calls him president of Gonville Hall, 
Cambridge ; bat he does not occur as such in 
Le Neve's Fasti p. 427. I find Blomefield, Hist. 
Narf. old edit. 1741. vol. 2. p. 214, quoting God- 
win for Shaxton's being head of Gonville : he 
adds, that he was a benefactor to that society, 
having been also a fellow of it, and that he re- 
irigfned the headship Mar. 6, 1546. Godwin 
says he was compelled to resign the bishoprick 
of Sarum (abdicare coactus) at the same time 
that Latimer resigned his, and for the same 




888 

caose ; bat that, not possessing an equal, firm— 
ness of mindy be preacbed a recantation MrmonE 
at the burning of Ann Askew. (R^. Banner.^ 
f. 100. He was afterwards suffragan to thes 
bishop of Ely, and Blomefield ut sup. adds thatsi 
he so styled himself in his will. Seven yea 
subsequently to the loss of the see of Sarum, 
was elected Master of St. Giles's Hospitali^ 
Norwich, by the brethren, in 1546, and was i 
stituted by the bishop. (BUmuefield.) This w 
the same year in which he resigned the masters- 
ship of Gonville. He occurs in Fuller's Ch^ 
Hist. p. 51. foL 1655, as a bishop belonging toe: 
Gonville Hall, Cambridge; in the chapel ofli 
which it appears he was also buried, (Richard^^ 
soHf p. 353. e reg. Bonner, f. 100,) having dieA 
at Cambridge, Aug. 4, 1556. (i&.) A letter 
from this prelate to secretary Cromwell, after- 
wards earl of Essex, may be read in Weaver^s 
FuTier. Mon. p. 101, copied from a MS in Hb. 
Colt. Kennet, in a MS note in Bliss*s edition 
of Wood's Fastif as above, says, '^ among the 
pensions paid to several persons at the dissolu- 
tion of religious houses there was an annuity of 
«£66. 13. 4. paid to Nicholas Shuxton, no men- 
tion to what place he belonged." Willis men- 
tions him as the last master of St. Gileses Hos- 
pital Norwich. Hist. Abbies. 2. 149. 



289 



XXXVII. JOHN CAPON, aulas SALCOT. 

SvccBssiT A.D. 1639.— — Obiit A. D. 1557. 

This prelate took holy orders in 1502, as ap- 
pears by a M.S. note of Kennet in Bliss's Wood's 
uith. Ox. 2. 741. " Joh'es Salcot Ord. S. Be- 
nedicti domus S. Joh'is villa Colecestr'. Lond» 
dioc. ordinatur diaconus per rev. patrem D. 
Joh'em Maionem. ep'um autoritate ep'i Lend. 
16 Maii 1502." (Rec/. Wareham, Lond.) He 
took the degree of D.D. at Cambridge in 1515. 
Mtgistr. Acad. 

Wood, ut sup. thus names him : ^* In the see 
of Bangor succeeded John Salcot, alias Capon, 
D.D.of Camb. [consecrated at Croydon Ap. 19, 
1534. Godw. int. Epos. Bang. edit. 1743, p. 
626, e reg. Cranm. f. 157, 162] translated thence 
to Sarum 1539^ [Aug. 14, having restitution of 
the temporalties Jul. 31. Rym. Fted. T. 14. 642] 
mrbere dying in the summer an. 1557 he was bu- 
ried in the cathedral there, under a tomb which 
be in his life-time had provided and erected on 
the S. side of the choir." 

Willis, Cath. Bangor. 1. 98, and Stevens, 



* In Wood it is miiprinted ld29. See A. O. ed. BUm. 2. 741. 

IT 




290 

Monast. 1, 502, call this prelate Abbot of ] 
though I do not find him in the Abbies 
•former, nor in Blomefield. That he was 
of Hyde, in the suburbs of Winton, then 
doubt, '* He shewed himself," says ^ 
^* very forward in promoting H. VIII/s di 
and was, for the service he did therein, e 
to the see of Bangor, Jan. 30, 1533, after ^ 
on Ap. 19, 1534, he was consecrated, ai 
Ap. 28, received the temporalties. In 151 
surrender of his Abbey, he was, for his 
yielding and complying with the Court mea 
and procuring the rest of his Convent to 
advanced to Sarum Jul. 31, 1539; whicl 
motion, as the Patents signify, saved the 
the expense of bestowing a pension on hii 
of the lands of the Abbey." 

Bp. Milner, in his Hist. Wijit 2, 223, 
Stevens, Monast. 1, 502,* thus speaks of hi 
•* The King's Vicar General in spiritual ms 
Cromwell, had certainly no cause to com 
of the intractableness of the Abbot of I 
whose name was Sal cot, alias Capon, or to 
per with any of the private monks, to be 
his agents in effecting a surrender of the con 



* So Bp. M.*8 reference ihould be, instetd of 2. dOS. 



291 

property, as the la^t Darned was himself a baaa 
time-serving Courtier, who made the views and 
passions of a wicked Prince the only rule of his 
condact. He had been exceedingly industrious 
in engaging the University of Cambridge, of 
!?bich he was a member, to declare the lawful* 
Dess of Henry's putting away his Queen, and 
marrying again. In return for this service he 
had been promoted to the see of Bangor, which 
be was allowed to hold in com. with the Abbey 
of Hyde. On the other hand, as Henry, whilst 
he executed Catholics as traitors, burnt the Pro- 
testants as heretics. Dr. Capon had no objec- 
tioD to become his agent also in these scenes of 
blood; accordingly we find him the most for- 
\irard in bringing the Protestants of Windsor to 
the stake, and expressing his desire of pursuing 
tie same measures throughout the kingdom. In 
a word, the last Abbot of Hyde not only signed, 
on his own part, a formal surrender of the Abbey 
to the Commissioners, but also, by the advan- 
tages which his situation gave him, procured the 
signatures of his Community, consisting of 21 
monks, without mentioning novices and servants, 
to the said instrument. In reward of this con- 
dact he was the next year (1539) promoted to 
the vacant see of Sarum." Concerning this 
transaction, Stevens observes, *' what wonder 

u 2 




392 

that in a depraved age surrenders should be to 
universal, when the betrayers of their trust, the 
sacrilegious Judas's, were made Bishops, and 
those who had the courage and conscience to 
assert the rights of the Church, that is the pos- 
sessions given to God, were sure to be rewarded 
with a halter." 

See an account of the bishop's affair while at 
Bangor with one of his incumbents, about the 
right of presenting to the living of Clynog, in 
Wood's Ath. Ox. 1. 247, ed. Bliss. 

Bishop Salcot, who sat here 18 years, greatly 
impaired the revenues of the bishoprick. Fuller, 
in his quaint way, thus records him among the 
impairers of their churches : It seems ** as if it 
were given to binominous bishops to be impairers 
of their Churches, as may appear by these 4 
contemporaries in the raigne of K. H. 8. 

John Capon N Salcot N /^Sarisburjr 

JohnVoisey f .. Harman f 1 Exeter 

Rob. Parfew T* *** Warton i"*^^ \ St Asaph 

Anth, Kitchin ) Dimstan^ VLandaff." 

See Ch. Hist. B. 8.— BodLB. S. 63; and Part 
II. of this work, article, Coldwell. 



JEND OF PART I. 



' LIVES AND MEMOIRS 

OF THE 

BISHOPS OF SALISBURY, 

FROH THE 

iUComtatimt to tft$ iU0toration« 
PART n. 



I •*. i'* ?* L -. i*.; 



. ' :-K •hi*.' 


• 

r 


■"I s ■ t • 


« 


- ."< 


J 



OP THE 



BISHOPS OF SALISBURY, 

FROM THB REFORMATION TO THE 
RESTORATION. 



PART 2. 



I. JOHN JEWEL, 

SuccESSiT A. D. 1660. Obiit a. D. 1671. 



I HE following life of Bishop Jewel is printed 
intire from a small 8**- intitled, " The Apology 
of the Church of England ; and an Epistle to one 
Seignior Scipio, a Venetian gentleman, con- 
cerning the Council of Trent. Written both in 
Latin, by the right reverend Father in God, 
John Jewel, lord bishop of Salisbury. Made 
Onglish by a Person of Quality. To which is 
^dded, the Life of the said Bishop ; collected and 
written by the same Hand. London, printed by 
T, H. for Richard Chiswell, at the Rose and 
Crown in St. Paul's Church-yard, 1685." 

^ART II. A 2 




Though truth and reason may justly claia 
the privilege of a kind reception, whoever bringi 
thein» yet such is the nature of mankind, tha 
the face of a stranger is ever surveyed with i 
little more than ordinary attention, as if mei 
thought generally that in it were the most liveh 
characters of what they seek to know, the sou 
and temper of a man ; now because this is no 
to be expected at the first sight, in books wher 
yet it is most eagerly desired; men have at 
tempted to supply that defect with pictures 
and (which affords much more satisfaction) b; 
premising the lives and characters of the authors 
which gives the reader a truer and more lastin{ 
idea of men, than it is possible for pencils an< 
colours to attain to. 

The author of the ensuing tracts ought to b 
so well known to all English men, that his nam 
alone should have given a sufficient commendatioi 
to any thing that can claim a descent from him 
but it being now above 100 years since hi 
death, and his works which were for a long tim 
chained up in all churches, being now superao 
nuated or neglected, it may not be an unseasoD 
able piece of service to the church, tb reviv 
the memory of this great man, the stout an^ 
invincible champion of the Church of England 
who, losing the opportunity of sacrificing hi 
life for her in the reign of queen Mary, did i 



vitli more advantage to us, and pains to himself, 
luder her glorions- successor, when he so freely 
spent himself in her service, that having wasted 
his thin body by excessive labour and study, he 
died young, but full of good works and glory. 

He was born May 24, 1522, at Buden, in 
the parish of Berinber, co. Devon ; and though a 
joanger brother, yet inherited his father's nam^. 
His mother was a Bellamie, and he had so great 
an esteem for it and her, that he engraved it on 
his signet, and had it always imprinted in his 
heart; a lasting testimony both of her virtue 
and kindness to him. 

His father was a o^entleman descended rather 
of an ancient and good, than very rich family. 
It is observed that his ancestors had enjoyed 
that estate for almost 200 years before the birth 
of this great man. And yet such was the num- 
ber of his children, that it is no wonder if this, 
when young, wanted the assistance of good men 
for the promoting of his studies ; for it is said his 
lather left 10 children between sons and daugh- 
ters behind him. 

This John Jewel proving a lad of pregnant 
parts, and of a sweet and industrious nature and 
temper, was from his youth dedicated to learn- 
ing; and with great care cultivated by his pa- 
i^nts and masters, which ha took so well, that 
at the entrance of the 13th year of his age, about 
the feast of St. James, he was admitted in Mer- 
ton College, Oxon, under one Mr. Peter Burrey, 




6 

a man neither of any great learning, nor much 
addicted to the Reformation, which then (in the 
reign of Henry VIII.^ went on but slowly, and 
with much irregularity in its motions. But we 
are yet beholding to his first tutor for this, that 
he committed this Jewel to Mr. John Parkhurst, 
a fellow of the same college, and afterwards first 
minister of Cleave, and then Bp. of Norwich, 
who was a man both of more learning and of a 
better faith ; and prudently instilled together with 
his other learning, those excellent principles into 
this young gentleman, which afterwards made 
him the darling and wonder of his age. 

During his continuance in this college, a 
plague happening in Oxon, he removed to a 
place called Croxham,* where being lodged in a 
low room, and studying hard in the night, be 
got a lameness by a cold which attended him to 
his grave ; having spent almost 4 years in this 
college, the 19th of August, 1539, the 31st 
Henry VIH. in the 17th year of his age, he was, 
by the procurement of one Mr. Slater, and Mr. 
Burrey and Mr. Parkhurst, his two tutors, re- 
moved into C. C. College in the same Univer- 
sity, where, I suppose, he met with something of 
an encouragement ; but it is much more certain 
he met with envy from his equals, who often sup- 
pressed his ingenious exercises, and read others 
that were more like their own. 

* Or Witney, as the English life has it. 



The 20th of October in the following year, 
lie to€k his first degree of B. A. with a great 
iod geueral applause, when he prosecuted his 
ftodies with more vigour than before, beginning 
them at four in the morning and continuing them 
till ten at night, so that he seemed to need some- 
tMidy to put him in mind of eating. 

Being now attained to a great reputation for 
learning, he began to instruct others, and amongst 
the rest Anthony Parkhurst was committed to 
his care by Mr. John Parkhust, his tutor, which 
was a g^reat argument of his great worth and 
industry. 

Being thus employed he was chosen reader 
of Humanity and Rhetoric of his own college, 
and he managed this place 7 years with great 
applause and honor. His example taught more 
tlian any precepts could; for he was a great 
admirer of Horace and Cicero, and read all 
Erasmus's works, and imitated them too, for it 
was his custom to write something every day; 
and it was his common saying, that men acquired 
learning more by a frequent exercising their 
pens than by reading many books. He affected 
ever rather to express himself fluently, neatly, 
and with great weight of argument and strength 
of reason, than in hunting after the flowers of 
rhetoric and the cadences of words, tho' he un- 
derstood them, no man better, and wrote a dia- 
logue, in which he comprehended the sum of the 
art of Rhetoric. 




8 

The 9th of Febroary, 1544, he commeDced 
M. A. the charge of it being borne by his good 
tutor Mr. Parkhurst, who had then the rick 
rectory of Gleve, in the diocese of Glooeater^ 
which is of better value than some of oar smaller 
bishoprics. Nor was this theonly instance where* 
in he did partake of this good man's bounty, for 
he was wont twice or thrice in a year to invite 
him to his house, and not dismiss him without 
presents, money, and other things that were ne- 
cessary for the carrying on his studies. And one 
time above the rest, coming into his chamber in 
the morning, when he was to go back to the 
University, he seized upon his and his compa- 
nions' purses, saying. What money, I wonder, 
have these miserable, beggarly Oxfordians? 
And finding them pittifully lean and empty, 
stufied them with money till they became both 
fat and weighty. 

Edward YI. succeeding his father the 28th 
Jan. 1540, the Reformation went on more regu- 
larly and swiftly, and Peter Martyr, being by 
that prince called out of Germany and made 
professor of divinity at Oxon, Mr. Jewel was one 
of his most constant hearers ; and by the help of 
characters which he had invented for his own 
use, took all his lectures almost as perfectly as 
he spoke them. 

About this time one Dr. Richard Smith, 
predecessor to Peter Martyr in that chair at 



9 

OxoOy Mrho was more a sophister than a divine, 
made an insalt upon Peter Martyr, and inter- 
rapted him publicly and unexpectedly in his 
lecture : the German was not to be baflSied by a 
sorprize, but extempore recollected his lecture, 
and defended it with a great presence of mind, 
the two parties in the schools being just upon the 
point of a tumult, the Frotestants for the present 
professor, and the Papists for the old one. 

Peter Martyr, nettled with this affront, chal- 
lenged Smith to dispute with him publicly, and 
appointed him a day : but Smith, fearing to be 
called in question for this uproar, fled before the 
time to St. Andrews, in Scotland. But then 
Tresbam and Chadsy, two popish doctors,* and 
one Morgan, entered the lists against Peter Mar- 
tyr, and there was a very sharp but regular dis- 
pute betwixt them concerning the Lord's Supper. 
And Mr. Jewel having then a large share in 
Peter Martyr's affections, was by him appointed 
to take the whole disputation in writing, which 
was printed in 1649. For the regulating this 
Disputation, the council sent to Oxon, Henry, 
Bp. of Lincoln, Dr. R. Cox, chancellor of that 
University, Dr. Simon Haines, Richard Mori- 
son, Esq. and Dr. Christopher Nevison, com- 
missioners and moderators. 



* Thb dispute began the 28th of May, anno Chruti 1649, and lasted fife 




10 

' In 1551, Mr. Jewel took his degreeof B. D. 
when he preached an excellent Latin sermon, 
which is extant almost perfect; taking for his 
text the words of St. Peter, Ep. 1. cap. 4. v. 11. 
If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles ^ 
God, ifc. Upon which words he raised such 
excellent doctrines, and made such wise and 
holy reflections in so pure and elegant a style, 
as satisfied all the world of his great ability and 
deserts. 

In the same time Mr. Jewel took a small 
living, near Oxon, called Sunningwell, more oat 
of a desire to do good, than for the salary, which 
was but small, whither he went once a fortnight 
on foot, tho* he was lame, and it was trouble- 
some to him to walk ; and at the same time 
preached frequently both privately in his own 
college, and publicly in the University. 

Besides his old friend Mr. Parkhurst, amongst 
others, one Mr* Curtop, a fellow of the same 
college, afterwards canon of Ch : Ch : allowed 
him 40 shillings a year, which was a considera- 
ble sum in those days ; and one Mr. Chambers, 
who was entrusted with distributing the charity 
of some Londoners to the poor scholars of Oxon, 
allowed Mr. Jewel out of it JCG a year for books. 

Edward VI. dying the 6th July, A.D. 1553, 
and queen Mary succeeding him, and being pro- 
claimed the 17th of the same month. Jewel was 
one of the first tluit felt the fury of this tempest, 



11 

and before any law was made, or so much as any 
order given by the queen, was expelled out of 
the college by the fellows, upon tbeir private au- 
thority, who had nothing to object against him, 
but 1. His following Peter Martyr; 2. His 
preaching some doctrines contrary to Popery; 
3. And his taking orders according to the lawstben 
in fSorce : for as for his life, it was acknowledged 
to be '^ angelical and extremely honest^^ by John 
Moren, a fellow of the same college,* who yet 
at the same time could not forbear calling him 
Lutheran, Zuinglian, and heretic. He took his 
leave of the college in these words, as near as I 
can render them in English. 

*' In my last lectures I have (said he) imitated 
the custom of famished men, who when they see 
their meat likely to be suddenly and unex- 
pectedly snatched from them, devour it with the 
greater haste and greediness. For whereas I 
intended thus to put an end to my lectures, and 
perceived that I was like forthwith to be silenced, 
I made no scruple to entertain you (contrary to 
niv former usage) with much unpleasant and ill- 
dressed discourse, for I see I have incurred the 
displeasure and hatred of some, but whether de. 
s^rvedly or no, I shall leave to their considera- 
tion; for I am persuaded that those who have 



* Foller, in his Church Histoxy, sailh he was expelled for refusing to be 
F«iMmatinMs. 




12 

driven me from hencei would not suffer me to 
live any where if it were in their power. Bat 
as for me, I willingly yield to the times, and if 
they can derive down to themselves any satisfac- 
tion from my calamity, t would not hinder them 
from it. But as Aristides, when he went into 
exile and forsook his country, prayed that they 
might never more think of him; so I beseech 
God to grant the same to my fellow coUegiana^ 
and what can they wish for more ? Pardon me, 
my hearers, if grief has seized me, being to be 
torn from that place against my will, where I 
have passed the first part of my life, where I 
have lived pleasantly, and been in some honor 
and employment. But why do I thus delay to 
put an end to my misery by one word ? Wo is 
me, that (as with my extreme sorrow and re- 
sentment I at last speak it) I must say, farewel 
my studies, farewel to these beloved houses, fare- 
wel thou pleasant seat of learning, farewel to the 
most delightful conversation with you, farewel 
young men, farewel lads, farewel fellows, fare- 
wel brethren, farewel ye beloved as my eyes, 
farewel all, farewel !" 

Thus did he take his leave (saith the author 
of the English Life before his works) of his 
Lecture, Fellowship, and College, and was re- 
duced at one blow to great poverty and deser- 
tion ; but he found for some time a place of 
harbour in Broadgates Hall, another college in 



13 

the same University. Here he met with some 
short gleams of comfort ; for the University of 
Oxon, more kind than his college, and to alle- 
viate the miseries of his shipwrecked estate, 
chose him to be her Orator, in which capacity he 
curiously penned a gratulatory Letter or Address 
(as the term now is) to the Queen, on the behalf 
and in the name of the University, expressing 
in it the countenance of the Roman senators in 
the beginning of Tiberius his reign, exquisitely 
tempered and composed, to keep out joy and sad- 
ness, which both strove at the same time to dis- 
play their colours in it; the one for dead AugustuSf 
the other for reigning Tiberius. And upon the as- 
surance of several of her nobles, that the queen 
would not change the established religion, ex- 
pressing some hopes she would so do, which was 
confirmed then to them by the promise the queen 
had made to the Suffolk and Norfolk gentry, 
who had rescued her out of the very jaws of 
rain. Fuller saith, that the writing this letter 
was put upon him with a design to ruin him, 
hot there is not the least colour for this surmize ; 
he being so very lately seasonably and kindly 
chosen Orator, when he was so injuriously ex- 
pelled out of his own college ; but it is much 
more probable the sweetness, smoothness, and 
briskness of his stile, was both the reason why 
he was chosen Orator first, and then employed 
to pen this letter; the sum or heads of which 




Tresham, vice-chancellor, the great be 
Gh : (which this doctor having caused ( 
run a few days before, had christened 
name of Mary,) tolled, and that heti 
pleasant voice now call him to his beloi 
he burst out into an exclamation : O del 
sweet harmony ! beautiful Mary, hi 
cally she sounds, how strangely she pie 
ears ! So Mr. Jewel's sweet pen was 
give way to the more acceptable tinkli 
new lady. And we may easily conjee 
the poor man took it. 

Being thus ejected out of all he ha 
came obnoxious to the insolence and pi 
his enemies, which he endeavoured tc 
humility and compliance, which yet i 
mitigate their rage and fury ; but rath 
probability heightened their malice, i 
more affronts upon the meek man. Bu( 
all his enemies, none sought his ruin mo] 
than Dr. Martial, dean of Ch : Ch : 



15 

In order to this, he tends to Jewel by the 
Inquisitors a bead-roll of popish doctrines to be 
lafascribed by him upon pain of fire and faggot, 
and other grioTous tortures ; the poor man having* 
■either friend nor time allowed hiui to consult 
with, took the pen in his hand, and saying, have 
jov a mind to iee how well I can write ? sub- 
flcribed his name hastily and with great reluct- 



Bat this no way mitigated the rage of his 
lies against him, they knew his great love to, 
md fiuBiliarity with Peter Martyr, and nothing 
loithan his life would satisfy these blood-hounds, 
of which turn-coat Martial was the fiercest : so 
being forsaken by his friends for this his sinful 
compliance, and still pursued like a wounded 
deer by his enemies, but more exagitated by the 
inward remorses and reproaches of his own con- 
KJence, he resolved at last to flee for his life. 

And it was but time ; for if he had staid but 
QBe night longer, or gone the right way to Lon- 
don, he had perished by their fury. One Augustin 
Bemer, a Switzer, first a servant to Bp. Latimer, 
ind afterwards a minister, found him lying upon 
the ground almost dead with vexation, weariness 
(for this lame man was forced to make his escape 
cafoot) and cold, and sitting him upon an horse, 
conveyed him to the Lady Ann Warcupps, a 
widow, who entertained him for some time, and 
then sent him up to London, where he was in 
Dwrc safety. 



d 



16 

Having twice or thrice changed hig lodgings 
in London, Sir Nicholas Throgmorton, a great 
minister of state in those times, furnished him 
with money for his joarney, and prociired him a 
ship for his transportation beyond the seas. And 
well it had been if he had gone sooner ; but his 
friend Mn Parkhurst hearing of the restoring of 
the mass, fled forthwith ; and poor Mr. Jewel 
knowing nothing of it, went to Cleave to beg his 
advice and assistance, being almost killed by his 
long journey on foot in bitter cold and snowy 
weather, and being forced at last to return to 
Oxon, more dejected and confounded in his 
thoughts than he went out ; which miseries were 
the occasions of his fall, as God's mercy was the 
procurer both of his escape and recovery. 

For being once arrived at Frankfort, in the 
beginning of the 2d year of Q. Mary's reign, he 
found there Mr. Richard Chambers, his old be- 
nefactor ; Dr. Robert Home, afterwards Bp. of 
Winchester ; Dr. Sandys, Bp. of London ; Sir 
Francis Knowles, a privy counsellor, and after- 
wards lord treasurer, and his eldest son, &c.; 
these received Jewel with the more kindness, be- 
cause he came unexpectedly and unhoped for, 
and advised him to make a public recantati#ii of 
his subscription ; which he willingly did itt the 
pulpit the next Lord's-day in these words : It 
was my abject and cowardly mindf and faint hearty 
that made my weak hand to commit this wicked" 



17 

tiess. Which when he had uttered as well as he 
could for tears and sighs, he applied himself in a 
fervent prayer, first to Grod Almighty for his par- 
don, and afterwards to the church ; the whole 
auditory accompanying him with tears and sighs, 
and ever after esteeming him more for his inge- 
nuous repentance, than they would, perhaps, have 
done if he had not fallen. 

It is an easy thing for those that were never 
tried, to censure the frailty of those that have 
trackled for some time under the shock of a 
mighty temptation ; but let such remember St. 
Fanl's advice, Let him that standeth take heed 
Int he fall. This great man's fall shall ever be 
my lesson, and if this glistering Jewel were thus 
clouded and foiled, God be merciful to me a sinner. 
Mr. Jewel had not been long at Frankfort, 
before Peter Martyr, hearing of it, often solicited 
him to come to Strasburgh, where he was now 
settled and provided for; and all things consi- 
dered, 9. wonder it is that he did not perish in 
England ; for there was no person more openly 
aimed at than he, because none of them bad given 
wider wounds than he to the Catholic cause.* 
One Tresham, a senior canon of Ch : Ch : who 
had held some points against him at his first com- 
ing fliither, now took the benefit of the times to 
be revenged on him, and incited those of Ch: Ch: 

• 

* Eodaia Restauratii, p. 19^. 
^'AHT II. B 




^ 



18 

and of other houses, to affront him publicly ; so 
that not finding any safety at Oxford, he retired 
to Lambeth to Cranmer, where he was sure of as 
much as the place could afford him. A consul- 
tation had been held by some of the more fiery 
spirits, for his commitment unto prison ; but he 
came thither (as was well known) on the public 
faith, which was not to be violated for the satis- 
faction of some private persons. It was thought 
fit therefore to discharge him of all further em- 
ployment, and to license him to depart in peace: 
none being more forward to furnish him with all 
things for his going hence, than the new lord 
chancellor. Bp. Gardiner,* whether in honour 
to his learning, or out of a desire to send him 
packing, shall not now be questioned ; but less 
humanity was shewed to him in his wife, whose 
body having been buried in the church of St. 
Frideswide,ivas afterwards by public order taken 
out of the grave and buried in a common dung- 
hill ; but in the reign of Q. Eiiz. was removed, 
and her bones mixed with St. Francis. And the 
truth is, the queen (who was a bigotted papist, 
and too much priest-ridden) breaking not only 
her promise to the men of Suffolk, who had stood 
by her in her greatest necessity, and treating 
them vi^ith extreme severity for but challengin 



* Peter Marijrr also helped himself, for he would not go without th< 
queen*8 passport and leave, and when he had it, concealed himsdf 
dayv on the English coast, then privately took ship and arrived at Antwerp i 
the nixht, and before day took coach and so got safe to Strasbourgh on tt:^^< 
30th of October, 1553. 



19 

tbe performance of her promise; one Dobbe,^ 
who had spoken more boldly than the rest^ being 
ordered to stand three days in the pillory ; bat 
fdso her more solemn engagement made August 
12th, 1553, in the council : That although her 
conscience was staid in the matters of religion, 
yet she was resolved not to compel or strain others, 
otherwise than as Cod should put into their hearts 
a persuasion of that truth she was in ; and this 
she hoped should be done by the opening his word 
to them, by godly, virtuous, and learned preach* 
ers : I say, considering how ill she kept her pro- 
mise to her own subjects, it is a wonder she should 
keep the faith given to this stranger in her bro* 
tier's reign, and not by her ; and I conceive no 
i*eason can be g^ven for this, but the over-ruling 
providence of God, who governs the hearts of 
princes as he thinks fit. 

But well it was for Mr. Jewel that there he 
mras, and as much of Mr. Jewel's sufierings in 
England had been occasioned by the great re- 
spect he had shewn to Peter Martyr whilst he 
lived at Oxon : so now Peter Martyr never left 
soliciting him (as I said) to come to him to 
Strasbourgh till he prevailed, where he took him 
to his own table and kept him always with him. 
And here Mr. Jewel was very serviceable to him 
in his edition of his Commentaries upon the Book 

* Bvnet To. 3. p. 246. lb. p. 846. 

b2 




20 

of Jadges^ which were all transcribed ' for the 
press by him ; and he used also to read every day 
sottie part of a Father to him, add for the iBest 
part St. Augustin, with which Father they were 
both much delighted. 

At Strasbourgh Mr. Jewel found J. Poyaet, 
late Bp. of Winchester ; Edmund OrindaU Abp. 
of York; Sir Edwin Sandys, J. Cheeke, and 
Sir Anthony Coke, Kt., and several other great 
men of the English nation, who were fled thither 
for their religion ; and with these he was in great 
esteem, which opened a way for his preferment 
upon his return into England after the storm was 
over. 

Peter Martyr having been a long time soli^ 
cited by the senate of Zuric to go thither and 
take upon him the place of* professor of Hebrew, 
and interpreter of the scriptures, in the place of 
Conrad Pellican, who was almost the first pro- 
fessor of Hebrew in Christendom, and died about 
this time near 100 years of age, at last accepted 
the office, and carried Mr. Jewel with him to 
Zuric, where he lived still with Peter Martyr in 
his own family. Here he found James Pilking- 
ton, Bp. of Durham, and several others, who were 
maintained by the procurement of Rich. Cham- 
bers, but out of the purses of Mr. Rich. Spring* 
ham, Mr. John Abel, Mr. Thomas Eton, mer* 
chants of London, and several others; till at last 
Stephen Gardiner, finding who were their bene- 



21 

factoni, threatened he would in a short time make 
them eat their fingers^ ends for hunger; and it was 
sore against his will that he proved a false pro- 
phet, for he clapt ap so many of their benefactors 
in England, that after this there came but a small 
if any supply oat of England to them. But then 
Christopher prince of Wittenberg, and the sena- 
tors of Zuric, and the foreign divines, were so 
kind to them, that they had still a tolerable sub- 
nstence, and Mr. Jewel stood in need of the less, 
because he lived with Peter Martyr till his return 
into England. 

So saith Mr. Humfrey in his life (p. 90); 
bat it is apparent by the first lines of his epistle 
to Seignior Scipio, that he studied some time at 
Padua, and there being no mention of his travel- 
ling at any time before his exile, nor indeed any 
possibility of it, I suppose that whilst he was 
thus with Peter Martyr at Zuric, he made a step 
over the Alps to Padua, which was not very dis- 
tanty and there studied some time, and contracted 
his acquaintance with the said Venetian gentle- 
man; for this journey is no where mentioned by 
any other author that I have seen, and I can find 
no time so likely for it as now. 

During all the time of his exile, which was 
aboQt 4 yearsy he studied very hard, and spent 
the rest of his time in consoling and confirming 
his brethren ; for he would frequently tell them 
^ when their brethren endured such bitter tor^ 




22 

tures and horrible martyrdoms at home» it was 
not reasonable <Aey shoald expect to fare deli- 
ciously in banishment, concluding always : H^sc 
nan durabunt (sUUenij which he repeated so very 
often, and with so great an assurance of milid 
that it would be so, that many believed it before 
it came to pass, and more took it for a pro[Aetic 
sentence afterwards. 

When the English left their native country^ 
they were all of a piece ;^ but some of them 
going to Geneva and other places which had 
embraced the model of Reformation settled by 
Calvin, they became fond of these foreign novel- 
ties, and some of them at Frankfort, in 1564, 
began an alteration of the Liturgy, and did what 
they could to draw others to them ; and to these 
men Knox, the great incendiary of Scotlandt 
afterwards joined himself; and not long after 
one Whitehead, a zealous calvinist, but of a much 
better temper than Knox. Not contented with 
this alteration, the 15th of November 1554, they 
wrote letters in open defiance of the English 
Liturgy to them of Zuric, who defended it in a 
letter of the 28th of the same month. 

Grindal and Chambers were sent from Stras- 
burgh to Frankfort to quiet these innovators, but 
to no purpose; so returning back again, the 



* English life. Dr. Peter Hejlyn taith the oootnuy, Bod that Wittingiiaa, 
WiUiaips, and Goodman, were ZuingUans before they left England, who wen 
the duef promotert of the diforder at FranUbrt. Eecktia Retiamrat^ p. S2B. 



23 

English at Strasbargh wrote to them Dec. ISth, 
all which procured no other regard from them, 
but only to obtain Calvin's judgment of it, which 
being suitable to their own, as there was no won- 
der it should ; things continued thus till the 13th 
of March following, when Dr. Rich. Cox entered 
Frankfort, drove Knox out, and re-settled the 
Liturgy there. Whereupon, in the end of Aug. 
following, Fox with some few others went to 
Basil, but the main body followed Knox and 
Goodman to Geneva, their Mother City (as Dr. 
Heylyn stiles it), where they made choice of 
Knox and Goodman for their constant preachers; 
Qoder which ministry they rejected the whole 
frame and fabric of the Reformation made iu 
England in king Edward's time, and conformed 
themselves wholly to the fashions of the Church 
of Geneva, &c. Thus far Dr. Heylyn. 

Mr. Jewel being then at Znric,^ used his 
ntmost endeavour to reclaim these men, and put 
a stop to this rising schism, exhorting them as 
brethren to lay aside all strife and emulation, es- 
pecially about such small matters ; lest thereby 
they should greatly offend the minds of all good 
men; which thing (he said) they ought to have 
a principal care of. And doubtless this good man 
thought that their gratitude to God for restoring 
them to their native country under the auspicious 



[* See next paragraph but one. Edit . 1 



24 

reign of Q. Eliz. of blessed memory, had for ever 
put an end to this dispute, and he seems to speak 
as much in his Apology^ for the CJmrchof Eng^ 
land; but within a few years this fury broke loose 
again, and just about the time of Jewel's death, 
became more troublesome than ever before, and 
just about 100 years after its rise, by a dismal 
rebellion overturned at once the Church and 
Monarchy of Great Britain. 

But to retprn to Mr. Jewel and our exiles; 
the 17th of Nov. 1558, God remembered the dis- 
tressed state of the Church of England, and pat 
an end to her sufferings, by removing that bigot- 
ted lady; the news of which flying speedily to 
our exiles, they hasted into England again, to 
congratulate the succession of Q. Eliz. of evar 
blessed memory. 

His good benefactor and tutor Mr. Parkhurst, 
upon the arrival of this news, made him a visit 
in Germany ;t but fearing Mr. Jewel had not 
chosen the safest way for his return to England, 
left him and went another way, which seeming 
more safe, in the end proved otherwise. Mr. 
Jewel arriving safely in England with what he 
had, whilst the other was robbed by the way ; 
s^nd so at his landing in England, Mr. Jewel 



* Conclusion, Section 2, p. 141. 



[4- The authoresB has not told us when Jewel went into Gennany, nor 
why she hai described him as bcin^ at Zurick (in Switzerland) aU this ti^ie. 
KniT.l 



26 

(who was here before him), very gratefully re- 
lieved his great benefactor. 

The time of Mr. Jewel's arrival in England,* 
is DO where expressed that I can find, but he 
being then at Znric in all probability, was for that 
cause none of the first that returned ; so that when 
he came back, he had the comfort to find all 
things well disposed for the reception of the Re- 
formation : for the queen had by a proclamation 
of December 30, 1558, ordered that no man, of 
ivbat quality soever he were, should presume to 
alter any thing in the state of religion, or inno- 
vate in any of the rites and ceremonies the'reanto 
belonging, &c. until some further order should 
l>e taken therein. Only it was permitted, and 
^^itbal required, that the litany, the Lord's prayer, 
'fche creed, and the ten commandments, should 
l>e said in the English tongule, and that the 
epistle and gospel should be read in English at 
the time of the high mass, which was done (saith 
Dr. Heylyn) in all the churches of London, 
on the next Sunday after, being New Year's Day; 
and by degrees in all the other churches of the 
kingdom : Further than this, she thought it not 
convenient to proceed at the present, only she 
prohibited the elevation of the sacrament at the 
altar of the chapel royal : which was likewise 



. * The news of the Qucen*8 death came to Zuric the laU of NoTember. 




96 

forborne in all other churches : and she iiet at 
liberty all that had been imprisoned for rdigfioa 
in her sister's time, and ordered the liturgy to be 
revised with great care, and that a parliament 
should be summoned to sit at Westminster the 
25th of January, 1559. 

All this I suppose at least was done before 
Mr. Jewel returned into England ; for whether 
he was here at the coronation is uncertain. He 
was entertained first by Mr. Nicholas Gulverwell 
for almost 6 months, and then falling into a 
sickness, was invited, by Dr. Will. Thames, to 
lodge at his house ; but this was after the par- 
liament. 

The liturgy being then reviewed, and what- 
ever might give the popish party any unneces* 
sary exasperation or discontent purged out, in 
order to the facilitating the passing an act of 
parliament for the settling it, and the establish^ 
ment of other things that were necessary, a pub- 
lic disputation was appointed on the 30th of 
March following, to be holden in the church of 
Westminster in the English tongue, in the pre- 
sence of as many of the lords of the council, and 
of the members of both houses, as were desirous 
to inform themselves in the state of the questions. 
The disputation was also to be managed (for the 
better avoiding of confusion) by a mutual inter- 
change of writings upon every point; each wri- 
ting to be answered the next day, and so from 



k 



27 

day to day till the whole were ended. To all 
which the bishops at first consented, tho' they 
would not afterwards stand to it. The questions 
were 9p concerning prayers in the vulgar tongue, 
the power of the church for the changing rites 
and ceremonies, and the propitiatory sacrifice of 
the mass for the liying and the dead. 

The first use that was made of Mr. Jewel 
after his return, was the' nominating him one of 
the disputants for the reformed party ; and tho* 
he was the last in number and place, yet he was 
net the least, either in desert or esteem, having 
made great additions to his former learning in 
\m four years exile and travel : which is a great 
improvement to ingenious spirits. But this dis- 
putation was broken off by the popish party, who 
would not stand to the order appointed ; so that 
Mr. Jewel in all probability had no occasion to 
diew either his zeal or learning. 

The parliament ended May 8, 1559, and by 
Tirtae of an act passed in this parliament, soon 
after midsummer the queen made a visitation of 
all the dioceses in England, by commissioners for 
rectifying all such things as they found amiss, 
and could not be redressed by any ordinary epis- 
copal power, without spending of more time than 
the exigencies of the church could then admit of. 
And this was done by a book of articles printed 
for that purpose, and the inquiry was made upon 
<Nidi by the commissioners. Here Mr* Jewel was 




28 

taken in again, and made one of these coimnifi* 
sioiiera for the west; when he visited his own 
native country, which till then perhaps he had 
not seen since his return from exile, when also ^ 
he preached to and disputed with his countrymen, 
and endeavoured more to win them to embrace 
the Reformation by good usage, civility, and rea- 
son, than to terrify or awe them by that great 
authority the queen had armed him and his fd- 
low commissioners with. 

Returning to London, and giving the qoeen 
a good and satisfactory account of their visitation^ 
the 21st January following, Mr. Jewel, who was 
then only B. D. was consecrated Bishop of 
Sarisburt, which he at first modestly declined^ 
but at last accepted, in obedience to the queenV 
command. This see had been void by the death, 
of John Capon, his immediate predecessor, who 
died in 1557, now near 3 years. And here tbe-^ 
Divine Providence again gave him the advantage^ 
in point of seniority over his tutor, Mr. John..^ 
Parkhurst, who was not consecrated Bp. of Nor — 
wich till the 14th of July after ; but then his-^ 
tutor had the advantage of him in point of re« — 
venue, for Mr. JeweUs bishoprick had been mi- — 
serably impoverished by his predecessor ; so that= 
he complained afterwards, that there was never 
good living left Mm that would maintain a 
man: for (said he) the Capon has devoured all; ^ 
because he hath either given away or sold all 



29 



ecderimHcal tUj/niHea and Umngs. So that tfaef 
good bishop was forced all his life-time after to 
take extraordinary pains in travelling and preach^- 
in^ in all parts of his diocese, which brought him 
to his grave the sooner ; whereas his tutor had a 
nuch richer bishoprick, and consequently more 
eaie, and ont-lived his pupil Jewel three years. 

The Sunday before Easter of this year. Bishop 
Jewel preached at Paul's Cross, his famous ser- 
mon upon 1 Cor. 11. v. 23. For I have re- 
tfwed of the Lard that which also I delivered 
wrio yoUf that the Lord Jesus the same night 
im which he was betrayed took breadf ifc. This 
sermon gave a fatal blow to the popish religion 
here in England, which was become very odious 
to all men, by reason of the barbarous cruelty 
used by those of that persuasion in the reign of 
queen Mary ; but the challenge which he then 
made, and afterwards several times and in several 
places repeated, was the most stinging part of 
tills sermon, and therefore though I am concerned 
t^o be as short as I can, I will yet insert this fa- 
ixioQs piece at large. 

** If any learned man of our adversaries'* (said 
He), << or all the learned men that be alive, be able 
to bring any one sufficient sentence out of any old 
catholic Doctor, or Father, or general Council, or 
holy scripture, or any one example in the pri- 
mitive Church, whereby it may clearly and plainly 
be proved during the first 600 years: — 1. That 




30 

there was at any time any private maasea 
world. 2« Or that there was then any comm 
ministered unto the people under one kind, 
that the people had their common-prayer 
strange tongue that the people understooc 
4« Or that the bishop of Rome was then call 
universal Bishop, or the Head of the oiu 
Church. 5. Or that the people were then t 
to believe that Christ's body is really, sul 
tially, corporally, carnally, or naturally, i 
sacrament. 6. Or that his body is or may b 
thousand places or more at one time. 7. O 
the priest did then hold up the sacrament 
his head. 8. Or that the people did then fall 
and worship it vrith godly honour. 9. Or tht 
sacrament was then, or now ought to be, hf 
up under a canopy. 10. Or that in the sacn 
after the words of consecration, there rem 
only the accidents and shews without the 
stance of bread and wine. 11. Or, that the 
priests divided the sacraments into three ] 
and afterwards received himself alone. 1 
that whosoever had said the sacrament is a fi 
a pledge, a token, or a remembrance of CI 
body, had therefore been adjudged for an 
tick. 13. Or that it was lawful then to have t] 
twenty, fifteen, ten, or five masses said ii 
same church in one day. 14. Or that in 
were then set up in the churches, to the i 
the people might worship them. 15. Or thi 



31 

lay-people w^re then forbidden to read the word 
of God in their own tongue. 16. Or that it was 
then lawfal for the priest to pronounce the words 
of consecration closely, or in private to himself. 
17. Or that the priest had then authority to ofkt 
up Christ unto his Father. 18. Or to communi- 
cate and receive the sacrament for another, as they 
do. 19. Or to apply the virtue of Christ's death 
and passion to any man by the means of the mass. 
SO. Or that it was then thought a sound doctrine 
to teach the people that mass. Ex opere operato 
^that is, even for that it is said and done) is able 
to remove any part of our sin. 21. Or that any 
Christian man called the sacrament of the Lord, 
liis Goo. 22. Or that the people were then taught 
to believe, that the body of Christ remaineth in 
the sacrament, as long as the accidents of bread 
and wine remain there without corruption. 23. 
Or that a mouse or any other beast, or a worm, 
uay eat the body of Christ, (for so some of 
oor adversaries have said and taught. 24. Or 
that when Christ said, Hoc est Corpus meum, 
the word Hoc pointed not to the bread, but to 
^ui individuum voffum, as some of them say. 
25. Or that the accidents, or forms, or shews of 
bread and wine, be the sacraments of Christ's 
body and blood, and not rather the very bread 
and wine itself. 26. Or that the sacrament is a 
sign or token of the body of Christ, that lieth 
tidden underneath it. 27. Or that ignorance is 



82 

the mother and cause of trne devotion. The con- 
clusion is^ that I shall then be content to yield 
and subscribe/' 

This challenge (saith the learned Dr. Heylyn) 
being thus published in so great an auditory, 
startled the English papists both at home and 
abroad, but none more than such of our fugitives 
as had retired to Lovain, Doway, or St. Omers, 
in the Low Country provinces belonging to the 
king of Spain. The business was first agitated 
by the exchange of friendly letters betwixt the 
said Rev. Prelate, and Dr. Henry Cole, the late 
dean of St. Paul's ; more violently followed in a 
book of Rastal's,* who first appeared in the lists 
against the challenger ; followed herein by Dor* 
man and Mai-shall, who severally took up the 
cudgels to as little purpose; the first being well 
beaten by Nowel, and the last by Calfhill, in 
their discourses written against them ; but they 
were only velitations, or preparatory skirmishes 
in reference to the main encounter, which was 
reserved for the Rev. challenger himself, and Dr. 
John Harding, one of the divines of Lovain, and 
the most learned of the college. The combatants 
were born in the same country, bred up in the 
same grammar school, and studied in the same 
University also : — both zealous protestants in the 
time of king Edward, and both relapsed to popery 

* Rattal was a common lawyer, and published his book in 15C3. 



33 

in the time of queen Mary ; Jewel for fear, and 
Harding upon hope of favour and preferment by 
it. But JeweUs fall may be compared to that 
of St. Peter, which was short and sudden, rising 
again by his repentance, and fortified more 
strongly in his faith than before he was : but 
Harding's like to that of the other Simon, pre- 
meditated and resolved on, never to be restored 
again (so much was there within him of the 
gall of bitterness) to his former standing. But 
some former differences had been between them 
in the Church of Sarum,* whereof the one was 
prebendary, and the other Bp. occasioned by 
^e Bp*8 visitation of that cathedi*al ; in which as 
Earding had the worst, so was it a presage of a 
second foil which he was to have in this encounter. 
^VTho had the better of the day, will easily appear 
tA} any that consults the writings, by which it 
iwill appear how much the Bp. was too hard for 
kirn at all manner of weapons. Whose learned 
a^nswers as well in maintenance of his challenge, 
a^ in defence of his Apology (whereof more here- 
after) contain in them such a magazine of all 
sorts of learning, that all our controversors since 
that time, have furnished themselves with argu- 
meats and authority from it. Thus far that 
learned man has discoursed the event of this fa- 



* Httding was then Prebendary when Mr. 'Jewel was elected and gave his 
*D(e in him. Hurof. p. 140. 

Part II. c 



34 

mous challenge with so much brevity and per- 
spicaity, that I thought it better to transcribe 
his words, than to do it much worse myself. 

When Queen Mary died, Paul !¥# was Pope, to 
whom Queen Eliz. sent an account of her coming 
to the crown, which was delivered by Sir Edward 
Karn her sister's resident at Rome ; to which the 
angry gentleman replied, that England was hel<&^ 
in fee of the Apostolic See, that she coald noi 
succeed being illegitimate; nor could he contra 
diet the declarations made in that matter by hi 
predecessors Clement VII. and Paul III.: b 
said it was a great boldness in her, to assum 
the crown without his consent ; for which i 
reason she deserved no favour at his hands ; y 
if she would renounce her pretensions, and 
herself wholly to him, he would shew a fatherl 



affection to her, and do every thing for her tha 
could consist with the dignity of the Apostoli 
See. Which answer being hastily and passion- 
ately made, was as little regarded by the queen. ^ 
But he dying soon after, Pius lY. an abler man ^ 
succeeded; and he was for gaining the queen by ^^ 
arts and kindness; to which end he sent Vincent 
Parapalia Abbot of St. Saviour's with courteous 
letters to her, dated May 5th, 1560, with order 
to make large proffers to her under hand ; but 
the queen had rejected the Pope's authority by 
Act of Parliament, and would have nothing to 
do with Parapalia, nor would she suffer him to 



35 

come into England. In the interim the Pope, 
had resolved to renew the council at Trent, and 
in the next year sent Abbot Martiningo his 
nuncio to the queen, to invite her and her Bishops 
to the council, and he accordingly came to 
Braxells, and from thence sent over for leave to 
•come into England : but though France and 
Spain interceded for his admission, yet the queen 
fltoodfirm, and at the same time rejected a motion 
from the emperor Ferdinando, to return to the 
old religion, as he called it. Yet after all these de- 
nials given to so many and such potent princes, one 
Scipio, a gentleman of Venice, who formerly had 
had some acquaintance with Bp. Jewel when he 
was a student in Padua, and had heard of Martin- 
ingo*s ill success in this negotiation, would needs 
spend some eloquence in labouring to obtain that 
point by his private letters, which the nuncio 
coald not g^in as a public minister; and to that 
end he writes his letters of expostulation to Bp. 
Jewel his old friend, preferred not long before 
to the See of Sarum. Which letter did not long 
remain unanswered ; that learned prelate (saith 
my author, Dr. Heylyn, EccL Rest. p. 349.) 
was not so unstudied in the nature of councils, 
08 not to know how little of a general council 
coald be found at Trent : and therefore he re- 
tamed an answer to the proposition so elegantly 
penned, and so elaborately digested, that neither 

C 2 



36 

Scipio himself nor any other of that party dnrst 
reply upon him. Which letter the reader will 
find in this small piece new translated. But this 
was written some time after the Apology was 
printed in England. — In the year following* Bp. 
Jewel put out the Apology of the Chunh of 
England in latin; which tho* written by him, 
was published by the queen's authority, and 
with the advice of some of the Bishops, as the 
public confession of the Catholic and Christian ^ 
Faith of the Church of England, &c. and to ^ 
give an account of the reasons of our departures 
from the See of Rome, and as an answer to those^ 
calumnies that were then raised against the^ 
English Church and nation, for not submitting~2 
to the pretended general Council of Trent then^ 
sitting. — So that it is not to be esteemed as tbe^ 
private work of a single Bishop, but as a public^: 
declaration of that Church whose name it bears. ^ 
Mr. Humfrey seems in this place to confound J 
this and the epistle together, as if they had been ^ 
written at the same time which it is apparent ^ 
they were not. 

This Apology being published during the^ 
very time of the last meeting of the Council o 
Trent, was read there, and seriously considered^ 
and great threats made that it should be answered 



* 1062, Humfrejs in the life of Jewel, p. 177. Peter Martyr's letter 
Btahop Jewel concerning this book is dated Aug. 24, 1562. 



37 

and accordingly two learned bishops, one a Spa- 
niard and the other an Italian, undertook that 
task, but neither of them did any thing in it. 

But in the mean time the book spread into all 
the countries in Europe, and was much applauded 
in France, Flanders, Germany, Spain, Poland, 
Hung^ary, Denmark, Sweden, and Scotland ; and 
ibund at last a passage into Italy, Naples, and 
£ome itself ; and was soon after translated into 
the German, Italian, French, Spanish, Dutch, 
smd last into the Greek tongue, in so great es- 
teem this book was abroad : and at home it was 
translated into English by the Lady Bacon,^ wife 
to Sir Nicholas Bacon, lord keeper of the g^eat 
seal of England. It very well deserves the cha- 
racter Mr. flumfrey has given of it, whose words 
are these : ** It is so drawn, that the first part 
cf it is an illustration, and as it were a pai*a- 
f|hrase of the ] 2 Articles of the Christian Faith 
(or Creed), the 2d is a short and solid confuta- 
tion of whatever is objected against the Church ; 
if the order be considered, nothing can be better 
digtribnted; if the perspicuity, nothing can be 
fuller of light ; if the style, nothing more terse ; 
if the words, nothing more splendid ; if the ar- 
gfuments, nothing stronger." 

The good Bp. was most encouraged to pub- 
lish this Apology by Peter Martyr (as appears 

** [The writer of thi« Life of Bp. Jewel] 



\ 



38 

by Martyr's letter of the 24tb of August) with 
whom he had spent the greatest part of his time 
in exile. But Martyr only lived to see the book 
which he so much longed for» dying at Zurjc on 
the 12th of November following, after he. had 
paid his thanks for, and expressed his value of 
this pieca in a letter ; and Mr. Camden dso in 
his Annals expressly saith, this Apology wiu 
printed first in 1^02. — In 1564, Mr. Harding put 
oAt a pretended answer to Bp. Jewel's faAious 
challenge at Paul's Cross, mentioned abovey to 
which in the year following^ the Bp, Bei'ade a very 
learned reply, the epistle before, tehich bears date 
at London the 27th of October of that year : the 
Bp. is said to have spent two years in that piece. 
The same year the University of Oxon ga^ve him 
(tho' absent) the degree of D. D. ; and certainly 
he well deserved to have that extriaordinary re« 
spect and honour shewn him, who ivas so emi- 
nently employed tlien in the service and defence 
of the Church. — He had no sooner brought this 
to a conclusion, but Harding w^ again upon 
him, and put out an AnU Apology^ or answer to his 
Apology for the Church of England. A Defence 
of which the Bp. forthwith began, which he 
finished, as appears by his epistle to Mr. Harding 
at the end of it, the 27th October 1567.— The 
next year after, Mr. Harding put out another 
piece, which he entitled, A Detection of sundry 
foul Errors, &c. which was a cavilling reply to 




some passages in hi3 defence of the Apology, 
which not seeming to deserve an answer by itself, 
he answered rather by a preface to a new im- 
pression of his former Defence, which he finished 
the 11th of December 1569, and dedicated his 
works to the queen ; Harding having told the 
world that she was offended with Bp. Jewel for 
thus troubling the world. . / / kf 

The same year\Pope Pius Jr. having pub- '/ -S) o 
Jished abulTof excommunication and deprivation 
against the queen|)Bp. Jewel undertook the de- 
fence of his sovereign, and wrote a learned exami- 
nation and confutation of that bull ; which was 
published by John 6arbrand,an intimate acquain* 
lance of his, together with a short treatise of the 
Boly Scriptures, both which, as he informs us, 
^%¥ere delivered by the Bp. in bis cathedral church 
in 1570. Besides these he wrote several other 
large pieces : as, 1. a Paraphi*astical Interpreta-? 
l;ion of the Epistles and Gospels throughout the 
^whole Year. 2. Divers Treatises of the Sacra- 
ments and Exhortations to the Readers. 3. Ex- 
positions of the Lord's Prayer, the Creed, and 10 
Commandments. And also, 4. An Exposition 
upon the Ep: to the Galat. ; the 1st of St. Peter, 
and both the Epist. to the Thessal. ; which I sup- 
pose were his sermons, for he was of opinion that 
it was a better way of teaching, to go through 
Mfith a book, than to take here and there a text ^ 



40 



and that it gnve the people a more clear and last 
ing knowledge. 

In the beginning of the next year was a pai 
liament, and consequently a convocation, whe 
Thos. Cartwrighti and others of that faction, hai 
ing alarmed the Church by their oppositions i 
the established religion, it was thought fit to ot 
viate their bold attempts, and thereupon comman 
was given by the Abp. — That all such of the low* 
House of Convocation, who had not former! 
subscribed unto the Articles of Religion agree 
upon anno 1562, should subscribe them now ; < 
on their absolute refusal, or delay, be expellc 
the house : which occasioned a general and pei 
sonal subscription of those Articles. And it ws 
also farther ordered, — That the book of Articl( 
so approved, should be put into print, by the a] 
pointment of the Right Rev. Dr. John Jewc 
then Bp. of Sarum ; which shews he was ther 
and in great esteem. 

It was in some part of this year also, that I 
had his conference, and preached his last se 
mon at Paul's Cross about the ceremonies at 
state of the Church, which he mentioned on h 
death-bed. But I cannot fix the precise time • 
either of them, or give any further account wil 
whom that conference was. But however d! 
holy man sought nothing but the peace and W( 
fare of the Church, by these gentle and mi 



41 

ways of correptioD : the dissenters of those times 
treated him for it with as little respect as Mr. 
Harding^ and his confraternity had before, as 
Abp. Whitgift assures us ; his words are these. 
** Tbey (the Dissenters) will not stick (saith he) in 
commending themselves^ to deface all others, yea 
even that notable Jewels whose both labour and 
learning they do envy ; and amongst themselves 
deprave, as I have heard with mine own ears, 
and a number more besides. For further proof 
whereof, I do refer you to the report, that by 
this faction was spread of him after his last ser- 
mon at Paul's cross, because he did confirm 
the doctrine before preached by a famous and 
learned man touching obedience to the prince 
and laws. It was strange (saith he) to me, to 
hear so notable a bishop, so learned a man, so stout 
a champion of true religion, so painful a prelate, 
80 ungratefully and spitefully used by a sort of 
wavering, wicked, and wretched tongues: but 
it is their manner, be you never so well learned, 
never so painful, so zealous, so virtuous, all is 
nothing with them, but they will deprave you, 
rail on yciu, backbite you, invent lies of you, and 
spread false rumours, as though you were the 
vilest persons in the whole earth." — Thus writes 
fliat venerable Abp. in his Defence of the Answer 
to the Admonitionf p. 423, upon occasion of a 
paper written also about this time by Bp. Jewel, 
upon certain frivolous objections against the go- 




42 

vernment of the Church of England, made by 
Thos. Cartwright ; which the Bp. had confuted, 
and Cartwright writing ag^ainst him, Whitg^ft 
defended them in this place; and by the bye 
shows how ill the good Bp. was treated for his 
last sermon at Paul's Cross, by this generation 
of vipers ; which extorted from him that protes- 
tation he made on his death bed, of which I shall 
give an account hereafter. Being naturally of a 
spare and thin body, and thus restlessly trashing 
it out with reading, wnting, preaching, and tra- 
veiling, he hastened his death, which happened 
before he was full 50 years of age ; of which he 
bad a strange perception a considerable time be» 
fore it happened, and wrote of it to several of his 
friends, but would by no means be persuaded to 
abate any thing of his former excessive labours, 
saying a bishop should die preaching. — Though 
he ever governed his diocese with great diligence, 
yet perceiving his death approaching, be began 
a new and more severe visitation of it ; correct- 
ing the vices of the clergy and laity more sharply; 
injoiningthem in some places tasks of holy tracts 
to be learned by heart, conferring orders more 
carefully, and preaching oftener. 

Having promised to preach at Lacock in 
Wilts, a gentleman who met him going thither, 
observing him to be very ill by his looks, advised 
him to retui'n home, assuring him it was better 
the |)eople sliould want one sermon, than to be 



alb^eiber deprived of such a preacher. Bat he 
would not be persoadedy bat went thither and 
preached his last sermon oat of Gal. 6. ** Walk 
in the spirit^** &c. which he did not finish without 
great labour and difficulty.— >The Saturday fol- 
lowing being September 22, 1571, he piously 
ADd devoutly reudered up his soul into the hands 
of God, having first made a very devout and 
C^hristian exhortation to those that were about 
liim^ and expressing much dislike of one of his 
servants who prayed for his recovery. He died 
sA Monkton Farley, when he had been a Bp. 
fldmost 12 years ; and was buried almost in the 
middle of the quire of his cathedral church, and 
«£g^dius Lawrence preached his funeral sermon. 
He was extremely bewailed by all men ; and a 
£reat number of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew 
verses were made on this occasion by learned 
nen, which are collected and printed by Mr; 
lawrence Humfrey, Reg. Prof. Div. at Oxon, 
ID the end of his life written in Latin by the order 
of that university ; nor has his name been since 
toeationed by any man, without such eulogies and 
commendations as befitted so great, so good, so 
learned and laborious a prelate. 

Having thus brought him to his grave, my 

reader may be pleased to permit me to collect 

some particular things which could not so well 

be inserted into the history of his life, without 

breaking the thread of it. He had naturally a 




44 

very strong memory, which he had strangely i 
proved by art. Mr. Humfrey gives several < 
amples of this, but I will instance in two on 
John Hooper, Bp. of Glocester, who was bin 
in the reign of Queen Mary, once to try hi 
wrote about 40 Welsh and Irish words; S 
Jewel going a little while aside, and recolle 
ing them in his memory, and reading them twi 
or thrice over, said them by heart backward a 
forward exactly in the same order they were 
down. And another time he did the same by 
lines of Erasmus's paraphrase in English, 1 
words of which being read sometimes confusec 
without order, and at other times in order, by 1 
lord keeper Bacon, Mr. Jewel thinking a wb 
on them, presently repeated them again bai 
ward and forward, in their right order and in 1 
wrong, just as they were read to him ; and 
taught his tutor, Mr. Parkhurst, the same art 
Tho' his memory were so great and so i 
proved, yet he would not entirely rely upon it, 1 
entered down into common place books, wh; 
ever he thought he might afterwards have oa 
sion to use ; which, as the author of his life 
forms us, were many in number, and great 
quantity, being a vast treasure of learning, am 
rich repository of knowledge, into which he h 
collected sacred, profane, poetic, philosophic a 
divine notes of all sorts ; and all these he h 
again reduced into a small piece or two, wh 



45 

were a kind of general indexes, which he made 
use of at all times when he was to speak or write 
any thing; which were drawn up in characters 
for brevity, and thereby so obscured, that they 
were not of any use, after his death, to any other * 
person. And besides these, he ever kept diaries, 
in which he entered whatever he heard or saw 
that was remarkable ; which once a year he pe- 
rused, and out of them extracted whatever was 
more remarkable. 

And from hence it came to pass, that whereas 
Mr. Harding, in that great controversy they had, 
abounded only in words, Bp. Jewel overwhelmed 
him with a cloud of witnesses and citations out 
of the ancient fathers, councils, and church his- 
torians; confirming every thing with so great a 
nnmber of incontestible authorities, that Mr. 
Harding durst never after pretend to a second 
perfect and full answer, but contented himself 
with snarling at some small pieces : the truth is, 
as Dr. Heylyn observes, all the following con- 
troversors were in this point beholding to the in- 
defatigable industry of this great leader. — Yet he 
was so careful in the use of his own common place 
books, that when he was to write his defence of 
the Apology, and his Reply, he would not trust 
entirely to his own excerpts or transcriptions, 
but having first carefully read Mr. Harding's 
books, and marked what he thought deserved an 
^swer, he in the next place drew up the heads 




46 

of his intended Answer, and resolved what aa- 
f ities he would make ase of upon each head, and 
then, by the directions of his common place book, 
read and marked all those passag-es he had occa- 
sion to make use of, and delivered them to some 
scholars to be transcribed under their proper 
heads, that he might have them together under 
his eye when he* came to write; which care and 
diligence of his speaks at once both his industry, 
fidelity, and modesty, in that he would not trust 
his own transcripts, and is a just reprehension o 
the falshood of those who knowingly m£ike fal 
citations, and of the supine negligence of those^ 
who take them up upon trust from other men,^ 
and use them without any examination ; by whieh^ 
means great mistakes are made, and controversies^^ 
spring up to the disturbance of the world. Th 
truth is, a man ought to re-examine 'his ow 
thoughts ; for what may seem very pertinent a 
Affirst reading to any purpose, may prove other — 
wise upon second thoughts, and a close observa-^ — 
tion of what goes before or follows after in the -^ 
author; and few men are so exact in their first -= 
excerpts, but thro' haste, inadvertence, or mis- - 
take, they may more or less err and be deceived; 
not to say that a man's intention of mind is much 
exulted by the fixing it upon one particular ob- 
ject, and the expectation of a conviction from 
his adversary, in case he make the least mistake. 
This account of our venerable Bp. was given by 



47 

one Mr. John Garbrand, who was intimately ac- 
quainted with him, in an epistle dedicatory before 
some of his sermons, printed in 8vo. in 1583. 

He was an excellent Grecian, and not unac^ 
qaainted with the Italian tongue ; and as to the 
Latin, he wrote and spoke it with that elegance, 
politeness, purity, and fluency, that it might very 
well be taken for his mother tongue ; and cer- 
tainly he took the right course to be master of it, 
having made himself in his youth perfectly mas- 
ter of Horace (upon whom he wrote a large com- 
mentary), TuUy, and £rasmus, all whose volu- 
minous and excellent works he read over, ex- 
cerpted and imitated every day he lived, espe- 
cially during his continuance at Oxon, and he 
was then wont also to declaim extempore to him- 
self in Latin in the woods and groves as he 
walked.^— And when the Lady Bacon wrote him 
a letter in Greek, he replied in the same language* 
He was excellently read in all the Greek poets, 
orators, and historians, especially in the ecclesi- 
astical historians, and above all other, loved Gre- 
g'ory Nazianzen, and quoted him on all occasions. 
His learning was much improved by his exile, 
ID which, besides his conversation with Peter 
IMartyr and the other learned men at Strasburgh 
cmd Zuric, and his society with Mr. Sandys, 
afterwards Abp. of York, his curiosity led him 
over the Alps into Italy, and he studied some 
time in Padua, and by the acquaintance he con- 



48 

tracted with Seignior Scipio a great maii^ seems 
to have been very much esteemed there. He 
was of a pleasant debonaire humour, extremely 
civil and obliging to all ; but withal of great 
gravity, and of so severe a probity and virtue, 
that he extorted from his bitterest enemies a con- 
fession, that he lived the life of an angel ; and 
tho' he were lame, yet till his being a Bp. he tra- 
velled for the most part a foot, both at home and 
beyond the seas ; he was contented in every con- 
dition, and endeavoured to make all others so, 
by telling them when he was in exile, that.nei- 
ther would their calamity last an age, neither 
was it reason they should bear no share of the 
cross of Christ, when their brethren in England 
fared so much worse. He was so extremely 
grateful to all that had done him good, that when 
he could 'not express his gratitude to Mr. Bo win 
his schoolmaster, be paid it to his name, and did 
good to all that were so called for his sake, tho* 
they were not related to that good man. — He 
was a most laborious preacher, always travelling 
about his diocese, and preaching wherever be 
came; wherein he laboured to speak to the ap- 
prehensions of the people, hating all light jing- 
ling discourses and phrases, as beneath the dig- 
nity of that sacred place, yet he was careful here 
too in the choice of his words, and endeavoured 
to move the affections of his auditory by pathetic 
and zealous applications, avoiding all high-flown 



49 

Kptessions^ and using a grave and sedate, rather 
lair sweet way of speaking, and never venturing 
I the meanest auditory to preach extempore,^ 

Mr. Humfrys, \vho was himself a Calvinist, 
as Mr. Camden informs us in his Annals^) has 
lone what he conkl to represent Bp. Jewel as a 
favourer of our English dissenters ; but it is cer^ 
lain he opposed them in his exile, when they 
began the stirs at Frankfort ; and the last pub- 
ic act he did in all his life, was to reprehend 
hem severely, in a sermon preached at PauFs 
Ziross, which I take to be the last sermon, printed 
nthe collection of his works in 1609; and to 
lefeiid the rites and ceremonies of the Church 
Lgainrt them ; both which he mentioned on his 
leath-bed in these words. " My last sermon at 
E^lQ^s Cross in London, and the conference I held 
with some brethren concerning the ceremonies 
ind present state of our Church, was not under- 
aiken to please any mortal man, or to exasperate 
>r trouble thase that thought otherwise than I did ; 
i>at lest either party should prejudice the other, 
and that the love of God through the operation 
of the Holy Ghost, which is given to us, might 
beshed abroad in our hearts." To which he wisely 



• Dr. Wordsworth, now the hi^\y respected Master of Trin. CoU. Camb. 
thopubljfhed in 1H18 an invaluable work entitled *^ hxclcsiastical Biogra^ 
1^7i**6 vob. 80. obserrcs, vol. 4, p. 63, note, that this ^' is affirmed on iusuf- 
"°at Mithoriiy, unless by preadiing extempore, the author means preaching 
•***«rf premediiaiUm. His famoas sermon at Paul's Cross, A. D. LVK), pur- 
^""^'vi the title, to be ^^ set forth, as neere as the author could call it i» re* 
*"•*'»«», without alteration or addition/* 

PART II. 1> 



50 

subjoins his opinion^ that these contentions were 
kindled and fomented by the Popish party ; as it 
well known now. The truth is^ the schism wag 
then in its rise, and those great impostors, Cole^ 
man, Button, and Hallingham, which were 
nothing but Popish priests in the masquerade of 
puritan preachers, being severely corrected id 
1568,* there was no great motion made by thlt 
party, till the parliament held in the 13th year of 
the queen, April 2, 1570, had confirmed the An 
tides of the Chui'ch by act of parliament; and sob* 
scription thereupon, being more severely urgedl 
than before, many dissenters kept their private 
meetings in woods, fields, their friends* houMi 
&c. as FuUerf fromTAo. Cartwright's 2d Bqpbff 
p. 38, informs us. These disorders in all prbbip 
bility occasioned the sermon at Paul's Cross, and 
and the conference at London, which happened 
not long before his death, and probably after this 
session of parliament, which the Bp. survived 
but 6 months. So that if the Bp. did rarely and 
unwillingly preach any thing concerning the rites 
and indifierent parts or circumstances of religiooi 
as our author tells us, it was because he had no 
great occasion given him : but what he thought 
of these men, will best appear from the sermon 
I mentioned above ; his words are these. ** By 

* The piefiuse to the first torn, of Coll. hy Dr. Nalson. 
t-Funer's C. H. lib. 9. sect 3. n. 3. 



51 

386 name shall I call yon ? I wonld I mi^t 
I yon brethren ; bat alas, this heart of yours 
ot brotherly : I would I might call you Chris- 
is; but alas, you are no Christians : I know 
; by what name I shall call you : For if you 
re brethren, you would love as brethren : if 
1 were Christians, yon would agree as Chris- 
ns.** Bo that he could have no good opinion 
those whom he every where in that sermon 
es proud, self-conceited, disobedient, and un- 
et men, who did not deserve the title of bre-* 
en or Christians. What would he have said 
le bad lived in our days? 
Besides confuting some of the seditious doc^ 
les of Tho. Cartwright,* who became famous 
h\9 Admonition to the Parliament; in the year 
owing the Bp. said, Stultitia nata est in corde 
Tt, 5f virga discipline fugabit illam,'\ Which 
ws he was no encourager of faction by lenity 
i toleration ; tho' he was a man of great mo- 
tition otherwise, and expressed a great sense 
the frailties of mankind in other instances; as 
|>ears by his letter to Dr. Parkhurst when Bp. 
Norwich. " Let your chancellor" (saith he) 



' In a short paper written by this good Bp. against certain fHvolous objeo- 
I made ai^^ainst the government of the Church of England, printed at Lon- 
» 1(41, Bp. Whitgift, in the defence of the Answer to the Admooitioii, 
iui,£artwrij^ht was the roan, and that hereupon the Faction used the Bp. 
tangiatefullx and deqntefallr. p. iSS. 

t Piw. 22. 14. 

D 2 



52 

<< be harder, but you easier ; let him wound, but da 
you heal; let him lance, do you plaister ; wise 
clemency will do more good than rigid severity; 
one man may move more with an engine, than 
six with the force of their hands.'* And accord- 
ingly he would often sit in his own consistory 
with his chancellor, hearing, considering, and 
sometimes determining causes concerning matri- 
mony, adultery, and testaments, &c. not think- 
ing it safe to commit all to the sole care and fi- 
delity of his chancellor and officials. But tho' , 
as a justice of the peace he often sat in the coarts 
of quarter sessions, yet here he very rarely inter- 
posed, except his judgment were desired concern- 
ing some scruple of religion, or some other such- 
like difficulty. So exact was his care, not to en- 
tangle himself with secular affairs; and yet not 
to be wanting to his duty in any case. — The' he 
came to a bishopric miserably impoverished and 
wasted, yet he found means to exercise a pro- 
digious liberality and hospitality. For the first, 
his great expence in the building a fair library for 
his cathedral church, may be an instance, which 
his successor. Dr. Gheast, furnished with books, 
whose name is perpetuated, together with the 
memory of his predecessor, by this inscription:— 
** Hsec Bibliotheca extructa est sumptibus. B.P' 
ac D. D. JoHANNis Jbwellt, quondam Sarum 
Episcopi ; instructa vero libris ik r. in Christo 
P. B. Edmundo Gheast, olim ejusdem Ecclesit^ 



iscopOi qaomm memoria in Benedictione erit 
). 1578." — His doors stood always open to the 
>r, and he would frequently send his charitable 
tefs to prisoners, nor did he confine his bounty 
Englishmen only, font was liberal to foreig^ners, 
1 especially to those of Zuric, and the friends 
Peter Martyr.— But perceiving the gp*eat want 
learned men in his times, his greatest care was 
have ever with him in his house half a dozen 
more poor lads which he brought up in leam- 
f; and took much delight to hear them dis<- 
te points of grammar-learning in Latin at his 
lie when he was at his meal, improving them, 
i pleasing himself at the same time. 

And besides these, he maintained in the Uni- 
rsity several young students, allowing them 
irly pensions ; and whenever they came to visit 
D, rarely dismissed them without liberal gra- 
ties. Amongst these was the famous Mr. Rich, 
loker, his countryman, whose parents being 
}r, must have been bound apprentice^o a trade, 
t for the bounty of this good Bp. who allowed 

parents a yearly pension towards his main- 
lance well near 7 years before he was fit for 
J University, and in 1567 appointed him to re^ 
)ve to Oxford, and there to attend Dr. Cole, 
m president of G. G. C. who, according to his 
omise to the Bp. provided him a tutor, and a 
ark's place in that college ; which, with a con- 
bation from his uncle Mr. John Hooker, and 




54 

the continued penuon of his patron the Bp. gave 
him a comfortable subsistence ; and in the last 
year of the Bp/s life, Mr. Hooker making this, 
his patroni a visit at his palace, the good Bp. made 
him, and a compa^nion he bad with him, dine at 
hisowntablie with him, which Mr. Hooker boasted 
of with much joy and gratitude,, when he saw hw 
mother and friends, whither he was then travell- 
ing a foo^^ The Bp. when he parted with him 
g^ve hi(a good council and bis blessingi^but forgo! 
to give bim money ; which, when the Bp. ber 
thought himself of, he sent a servant to call bim 
back again» and then told himt * I sent loir yoUt 
Bichard, to lend you a horse which hath carri^i 
m,e many a mile, and 1 thank God with much eas^i' 
And presently delivered into his hand a walking' 
^t(^9 with which he professed he had travellcsd 
uvany parts of Germany ; and then went on arm 4 
s^dy * ](iicbard, 1 do not give but lend you irmj 
horse ; be sure you be honest and bring ray hor^ 
back to me at your return this way to Oxfori^ i 
wd I do now give you 10 groats to bear yoflk^i 
charges to Exeter; and here is 10 groats mo^ 
vyhiqh I charge you to deliver to your moth^^) 
and tell her 1 send a Bp/s blessing with it, nKMi 
beg the continuance of her prayers for me. Ab:^^ 
if you bring my horse back to me, I will give yc^u 
]yO more to carry you on foot to the college ; as^ 
so God bless you good Richard/ It was not 1ok>S 
^ft^r this, before this good Bp. died, but bel!p^^ 



55 

his death he had so eflectually recommended Mr. 

Hooker to Edwin Sandys, then Bp. of London, 

and after Abp. of York, that about a year after 

he pot his son under the tutelage of Mr. Hooker, 

snd was otherwise so liberal to him, that he be. 

came one of the leamedest men of the age ; and 

at Bp. Jewel foiled the Papists f so this Mr. Hooker 

in his books of Ecclesiastical Polity, g^ve the Dis- 

senters such a fatal defeat, as they never yet could, 

nor erer shall be able to recover from. Nor was 

Mr. Hooker ungrateful, but having occasion to 

mention his good benefactor in that piece, he 

calls him, (Bp. Jewel,) ** the worthiest divine 

that Christendom hath bred for the space of some 

Imndreds of years.'' 

But to return to Bp. Jewel, he had collected 
sn excellent library of books of all sorts, not ex- 
cepting the most impertinent of the Popish au- 
thors ; and here it was that he spent the greatest 
and the best part of his time, rarely appearing 
abroad, especially in a morning, till eight of the 
clock; so that till that time it was not easy to 
speak with him ; when commonly he eat some 
riight thing for the support of his thin body ; and 
then, if no business diverted him, retired to his 
study again till dinner.*— He maintained a plen-^ 
tiful, but sober table, and tho' at it he eat very 
little himself, yet he took care his guests might 
be well supplied, entertaining them in the mean 
tine with much pleasant and useful discourse. 



J 



56 

telling and hearing any kind of innocent and di«- 
verting stories ; for tho' he was a man of a great 
and exact, both piety and virtue, yet he was not 
of a uiorosei sullen, unsociable temper, and this 
his hospitality was equally bestowed upon both 
foreigners and Englishmen. — After dinner he 
heard causes, if any came in ; and dispatched any 
business that belonged to him (though he would 
sometimes do it at dinner too ;) and answered any 
questions, and very often arbitrated and composed 
differences betwixt his people, who, knowing his 
great wisdom and integrity, did very often refer 
themselves to him as the sole arbitrator* where 
they met with speedy, impartial, and unchargeable 
justice. — At 9 at night he called all his servants 
about him, examined how they had spent their 
time that day, commended some, and reproved 
others, as occasion served, and then closed the day 
with prayers, as he began it : the time of his pub<- 
lie morning prayers seems to have been 8. — Aiier 
this he commonly went to his study again^ and 
from thence to bed, his gentlemen reading some 
part of an author to him, to compose his mind, 
and then, committing himself to his God aod 
Saviour, he betook himself to his rest.-— He was 
extreme careful of the revenues of the Church, not 
caring whom he offended to preserve it from im- 
poverishing in an age, when the greatest mea 
finding the queen not over liberal to her courtiara 
j3M>d servants, too often paid themselves out of 






57 

diurchpntrimoiiy, for the services they had done 
the Crown, till they ruined some bishoprics en- 
tirely, and left others so very poor, that they are 
scarce able to maintain a prelate. — There is one 
instance of this mentioned by all that have written 
our Bp/s life: a courtier (who was a layman) 
having obtained a prebend in the church of Sarum, 
sind intending to let it to another lay-person for 
liis best advantage, acquainted Bp. Jewel with 
the conditions between tliem, and some lawyers* 
opinion about them : to which the Bp. replied, 
< What your lawyers may answer I know not; but 
fur-jny part, to my power, I will take care that 
my church shall sustain no loss whilsti live.* What 
was the event of this none of them have told us. 

Nor was he careful of his own church only, 
bat of the whole English church, as appears by 
bis sermon upon Psalm 69, v. 9 : Tlie zeal of 
Aine house hath eaten me up. Which he preached 
befor^e the queen and court, as appears by it in 
several addresses to her in the body of that sermon. 
Iq it he hath this observation : ' In other countries 
the receiving of the Gospel hath always been the 
cause that learning was more set by ; and learn- 
ing hath ever been the furtherance of the Gospel. 
In England, I know not how it cometh otherwise 
to pass, for since the Gospel hath been received 
the maintenance for learning hath been decayed; 
and the lack of learning will be the decay of the 
Gospel* And a little after he tells us, ' Those that 




58 

should be fosters of learning, and increase the 
livings, had no zeal. What said I, increase? 
Nay the livings and provisions which heretofore 
were given to this use, are (saith he) taken away/ 
And a little after, * Whereas all other labourers 
and artificers have their hire encreased doable, as 
much as it was wont to be ; only the poor man 
that laboureth and sweateth in the vineyard of 
the Lord of Hosts, hath his hire abridged and 
abated/ And he applies himself towards the con<^ 
ckition thus to the great men : ^ You enriched them 
which mocked and blinded and devoured you ; 
spoil not them now that feed and instruct and 
comfort you.* 

1 bad not taken the pains to transcribe so much 
of this excellent discourse, which may easily 
enough be read by any that desire it in his works, 
but to raise a little consideration, if it be possible, 
in this debauched age. This good man foretold 
here, that this sacrilegious devastation of the 
Church would in time be the ruin of the Grospel, 
ax he calls the Reformation, and so it came to 
pass; for whereas he observed then, thatby rea- 
son of the impropriations, the vicarages in many 
places, and in the properest market towns were so 
simple, that no man could live upon them, and, 
therefore, no man would take them, but the peo- 
ple were forced to provide themselves as they 
might with their own money ; the consequence of 
this in a few years was, that these mercenary mei^ 



59 

becoDiiog factious, or being such, crept itito such 
places out of hopes of the greater advantage ; and 
so infected the minds of the tradesmen, that as the 
Church became very much iveakened and dis* 
quieted by their factions, so our parliaments in a 
little while became stuft ivith a sort of lay-.bre- 
thren who were enemies both to the Church and 
Crown, which was a great pai*t of the occasion of 
the Rebellion in 1640, in which many of those fa- 
milies whose ancestors had risen by the spoils of 
th^ Church were ruined ; and tho' much care was 
taken upon the restitution of his late Majesty 
Charles IL for the prevention of such mischiefa 
for the future, yet no care was taken of these liv** 
toga in market towns and corporations ; by which 
means it came to pass, that within about 20 years 
inore, we were very fairly disposed for another 
change, and nothing but God prevented it. From 
whence I conclude, that till this leak is stopped, 
both Church and Crown will be in danger of a 
shipwreck. 

There is fixed upon the Bp's gravestone a 
plate of brass with the arms of his family, and 
this following inscription : [by Humfrey.]* 

D. 
Johanni Jewello Anglo Devoniensi ex Antiqua 
Juellorum familia Budenee Oriundo, Academies 
Osoniensis Laudatissimo Alumno : Mariana tem- 

^ TZds inscriptioa is now lost Hist. San Cath, p, 911. 




60 



pestate per Germaniam Exuli, Prsesuli Reg- 
nante Elizabetha Regina Sarisbariensis Dio- 
coeseos (cui per Annos XI. Menses IX. samnia 
fide & integritate prsefuit) Religiosissimo : Im- 
inatnro fato Monkton-farleae preerepto XXIIL 
Sept. Anno salutis humanse Christi Merito Res- 
titutse 1571. & iEtatis suee 49. Positum est Ob- 
servantiae ergo hoc Monutnentum. 



• Additamenta. — The** Person of Quality'^ 
as she is termed in the title page (see Pt.2.p.3.} 
was wife of Sir Nich. Bacon, lord keeper; 
mother of Fra. Lord Verulam, and governeas to 
K. Edw. 6. In Ballard^s Memoirs of learned 
Ladies^ 4to. 1752. p. 190, she is incorrectly called 
Lady Anna Bacon, for which read Anna Lady 
Bacon, since she was not the daughter of an ear! 
or nobleman of higher rank, but only of a Knt. 
viz. Sir Anth. Cooke. Her translation of Jewel's 
Apology was printed in 4to. Lond. 1564. 12mo» 
1600. Lady Bacon, who it seems was quite a 
blue stocking f submitted her performance to the 
Abp. of Cant, and Bp. Jewel, whom she ad- 
dressed in a Greek epistle. These prelates both 
pronounced her translation correct. The life by 
Laur. Humphrey was printed by Daye, 1573. 
There is also a life of Jewel in Abel RedivivnSf 
1651, p. 301—313. (Bodl. lib. Mar. 189, 4to.) 
Notitia of this pillar of the Church of England 



61 

will be fonnd in Harrington's Brief Viewt 12*' 
1053, (Bodl. Line. 8«- c. 283,) p. 85.— Wood's 
Alh. Ox. new edit. 1. 389. Richardson's Godw. 
de pr€BSuh p. 354. Fuller's Worthies ofEng. 4to. 
1811. ed. Nichols. 1. 279. Biog. Brit, old edit. 
4. 2758. Chalmer's Biog. Diet. 19. 16. Chur- 
toD*s lAfe of Dean Nowellj passim (see there the 
Bp.'s fac-siin?1e.) Middleton's Evan. Biog. 2. 
103, where there is an indifferent portrait of the 
Bp. with the spire of Salisbury cathedral in the 
back ground.) And in Prince's Worthies ofDe- 
voHf 4to. 1810. p. 528. An engraving of his 
Arms will be seen in pi. iv. of that work« and the 
blazonry at p. 782. viz. Ar. on a chev. Az. a vir-» 
gin's head crowned O. betw. 3 gilly flowers G. 
dipped y ; on a chief S. a lure betw. 3 falcons 
of the Ist. belted of the 3d. 

Engraved Por^ratV*.-— Granger 1 . 208. and 
Bromley Per. 2. class 4, p. 33, mention 7, the 
best of which are that in the Heroologia. 8^ and 
a lialf sh. by Vertue eet. 40. A portrait is pre* 
fixed to his Apology made English^ with his life, 
(reprinted here,) 1685. To the list given by 
Granger we may add a small oval in Abel Redi^ 
vitmSj p. 301. full faced, square cap ; and also an 
excellent small portrait in Lupton's Modem Pro^ 
testant Divines, 8^- Loud. 1037, a work of singu- 
lar rarity. A long list of Bp. Jewel's writings 
i« given in Wood, Ath. Ox. new edit. 1. 393, sq» 
bot the work on which his fame is built is the 



62 

Apologia Eaclesia Anglicarue. Jewel'M works 
were published in Eng^lish, Lond. 1609 fol. [Bodl. 
Lib. G. 4. 7. Th.] and in Latin by Will.Whitaker, 
Genev. 1585, fol. [Bod. J. 2. 3. Th.] The Jpo- 
logy has been translated into almost every tongfue. 



II. EDMUND GHEAST. 

ftuccESSiT A. D. 1671. Obut A. D. 1576. 

A. Wood, Ath. Oxon^ new ed. 2. 808, says# 
*< he was son of Thos. Gheast, of the family of the 
Obeast0| of Rongh^-Heatb, in Worcestershire,* 
which Edmund was born, as a certain writer 
saith, at Afferton, in Yorkshire/'f The * writer' 
alluded to is Hatcher, in his MS. Catal. of the 
Provosts^ FellorvSf 9fc. of King* s ColL Cam. under 
the year 1536. Now I can find no such place 
fes Afferton^ t\\o Wood, Fuller, and the MS. of 
Lnfkin, as quoted by Richardson, p. 355, have 
all adopted it as the birth-place of Gheast. This 
afToitis another instance of the fidelity with which 
error is transmitted. The place meant is no 
doubt Allerton, or Northallerton, and the error 
originally, I apprehend, arose in a misprint. 

* In Cliurchill Church, nwr Brcdicot, co. Wore is t monument to John 
Guest, Rector, who died 17H o^. f>3. 

■f A. D. 1506->1513, and 1615, may each be a.^it(nc(l as the period of bi^ 
birth, according to different authorities. 



63 

By ED extract from Antig. Brit. p. 37, in the 
new edition of Wood, 2. 787, note, it would ap- 
pear that he was born in 1508, for he is there de* 
scribed in the following terms : ^* Edm. Guest^ 
S. T. B. ex academia Cantab, presbiter secnlaris^ 
patria Eborocensis, annos natus 51 [rectins 48*] 
in ep'um Roff. consecratur Jan. 21, 1559;" but 
from the monumental inscription transcribed be- 
low, which states that he died in 1578, aged 63/ 
the inference would be that he was bom in 1515. 
He was fellow of Ring's Coll. Camb. (Hatcher, 
ut gyp, and Godw. de Pnesul. 355,) and B. D. 
Fuller, and Godwin, say, he proceeded D. D. j 
but this does not appear : he is, however, so 
Galled in his epitaph, but when consecrated Bp^ 
of Rochester, he was only B. D. Le Neve's Abps* 
Cant. p. 13. Wood's editor, Ath. Ox. 2. 808y 
hss inserted in his notes, on the authority of 
Baxbr, the following notice, ^ Edm. Gheast^ 
8. T. B, a°- 1551, tunc Vice Preepositus Coll. 
Regal." Reg Acad. " A. M. 1554." We know 
not how to reconcile the two last dates; for how 
could he have been B. D. 3 years before he was 
A.M.? 

In the beginning of the reign of Q« Eliz. 

Harpsfield being deprived, Gheast was appointed 

1559, archdeacon of Canterbury. See Somner's 

^ntiq. Cant. ed. BatteJy. Pt. 1. 162. and part 2^ 

^59. ch. 4. & Rymer. Fcedera. 15. 543. * De 

^rensentationibus.' e Pat. 1. Eliz. p. 1. m. 22. 




64 

Hasfecl, in his Hist. Kent. 2, 43^ amon^the 
Bps. of Rochester, calls hiin rector of CliiF, near 
Rochester, and says that he held that living' and 
bis archdeaconry m commendam with the bis- 
boprick of Rochester. In the list of the rectors 
of Cliff, however, (vol. I, p. 638,) Hasted omil» 
his name ; and his predecessor, Hagh Westoiff 
is made to appear rector 01 years, viz. from 15*54 
to 1015, when Dr.Wilson sncceeded ; now if Bp. 
Gheast Tvas rector of CUfF, which there seems n<y 
reason to doubt, (though no writet* that I have 
met with, but Hasted, records that preferment,) 
there must be a great hiatus \n the InstitulUmes 
transcribed by that able historian, and one that 
will require more than Gheast to fill. Gheasfs 
name should have been inserted immediately after 
Weston^s in 1558, and his resignation placed at 
1571, when he was translated to Sarum. A space 
of 44 years would then be left for an incnmbent 
or incumbents prior to Wilspn, the next in the 
list, the dateof whose succession is placed at 1615. 
Hasted is clearly erroneous in placing Wilson as 
the immediate successor of Weston, for the latter 
could not have been rector bevond 1558, his death 
/ having then taken place. (See Ath.Ox.nerv edit. 
1, 296. Newcourt. Reperl. 1,91. Leland, Princ. 
ac. itlnst. aliquot, vir. jfc. Kncom. p. 86. Dart, in 
Mxf^Hist.West.Ah. has misprinted 1568 for 1558.. 
We know that Weston was deprived of bis pre- 
ferments by cardinal Pole, and committed to the 



85 

tower in 1667^ where he died the following year, 
io Nov. of which his will is dated. 

On the 24th of March 1559, Gheast was con- 

_ • 

secreted Bp. of Rochester, (reg. Parker) being 
the first protestant bishop of that see, by Abp. 
Parker, assisted by Bp. Jewel, &c. (Le Neve, 
Abp9. Cant. pt. 1, p. 13.) He was also appointed 
Lord Almoner to Q. Eliz. (* simulj says Godwin.) 

" Edmond Gwest" occurs among theWorthies 
(Bps.) of King*s Coll. Cambridge, in PuUer^s 
Ch. HisL p. 76, under Hist. Univ. Cam. 

At 'Rochester he sat about 12 years, and was 
translated to Sarum, as Godwin says, Dec. 24, 
1571, or in March of the same year, as Richard- 
son has it, where he presided 7 years till the period 
of his death, which took place the last day of 
February 1578, according to his epitaph, which 
Godwin has also followed : though, in opposition 
to the former, which we should presume to be the 
better authority , Richardson says *' potlus 1576/' 
He died at the age of 63, *' anno climacterico,'* 
(Godw. ) and was buried in the cathedral near Bp. 
Wivily whose remains were deposited between 
him and Bp. Jewell ; but they were afterwards 
all three removed, as appears from the following 
extract from the Antiq. Sarisb. p. 95, copied from 
*^ an inscription on the S side of a cross lie on a 
small black marble tablet enchased in white :" 
** The three gravestones underneath this place of 
Jo. Jewell, Robert Wyvill, and Edmund Gheast, 

Part II. b 




06 

Bishops of this Church of Sarum, were removed 
ODt of the choir upon the paving thereof with 
white marble, which was done at the cbargfes of 
the Rev. Dr. John Townson, the sonne of Robert 
Townson, formerly Bp. of this Church A™*- D"* 
1684." 

His monumental inscription beneath the e&gy 
of a Bp. on a brass plate, is yet extant in Sarum 
Cathedral. The following is a copy taken from 
Antiq. Sarish. p. 97 : 



'* Edmundut Gette Sacre Theologxe ProleiMNr CatUtArigkiuitf Epiioopai 

Munere Itudabiliter sumrai Elemonnarii Regum nmnmoniin fibenfilir 

anxMM platqoaiB 
duodedm pcrfimctus nt, postea yero qnum a screnissima Regina 

EiUabetha 
tranilatus, quiDquennium huic Episoopatui Sarum ad Dd gloriam 

honoiifloef 

Ad Bedetie edificationem fruchiose, ad tuam oommendadooem egnfpa 

preftusset 

Magno 8U0 oommodo eC mi^ore luctu suorum, yitam landabilem cam 

meliore morte 

Commutavit, bonorum (qua habuit neque nulla neque nimia) magnam 

partem opgna* 

tif et amidt, migorem pauperibus, maximam famulis domesddfl 

legavit 

et ingentem optimorum librorum vim, quantam vir una capere bibliothect I | 

potest, perpetuo studiosorum usui in hac ecdesia consenrandam dettinavit— 

Hok 

igitur ornatianmo et doctisnmo et seni et Presuli, ultimo die FebruarH 

Anno D^ 

1678 [1576] etatis vero lue 63 vita pie defuncto, Egidiw EsUtmrU Annigerf 

liter 

fliiut teftamenti Executor hoc Monumentum ad tanti viri mcmoriam 

retinendam, 

ad suam in ilium obaervantiam testificandum posuit.** 



1 
J 
IT 



Monumental inscriptions may in general h^ 
admitted as unexceptionable authority, especiall 3 



67 

as to dates, bat in Bp. Gbeast*s case we find it 
otherwise. The inscriptioti on the brass plate of 
his gravestone mentions his death in Feb. 1578, 
which Faller also blindly follows, WorihieSf edit. 
NicholSf 2, 503, under Yorkshire. But this is 
manifestly erroneous, the true date being 1576, 
for we find in the Prerogative Court of Canter- 
bury, his will, iuDouGHTY, dated Feb. 28, 1576, 
and proved Ap. 10, 1577. Consequently he 
coold not have been living in 1578. And if any 
fiurther proof of the incorrectness of the inscrip- 
; tioD in this point were necessary, we would refer 
to the fact of Piers, his successor, being appointed 
to Saram in 1577, as recorded in Pat. 19 Eliz. 
p. 10. m. 1, ** Licentia eligendi pro Episcopo 
Saram,** will be found in Rymer, F^Bdera^ Tom. 
15, p. 776. Wood, Aih. Ox. new edit. 2, 808, 
art. Jewel, and 836, art. Piers, has hit upon the 
right date, 1576. We may, therefore, fix it at 
1576, and lieing then aged 63, he must have 
been bom in 1513. 

Biographers also have fallen into a curious 
mistake respecting Gheast's writings: Sir John 
Harrington, in the NugcB Antiq. edit. 1792, vol. 
1, p. 103, observes, " Tho' Dr. Guest [so spelled 
for the sake of the forthcoming pun] succeeded 
Bp. Jewel, and my Author [without naming any 
one] makes him a good writer^ yet he shall not be 
niyjfuerf in this discourse," &c. Godwin has 



i 



68 

these words :-^'^ Malta ab hoc Ep5 edita sunt 
opuscula, quae Balaeus sigillatim recenset/* edit. 
Richardson^ 355. Fuller also thus writes : (old 
edit. p. 198— edit, of 1811, vol. 2, p. 603,) '•John 
Bale, (saith my author) ['' Bp. Godwin in the 
Bps of Sarum,"] reckoneth up many books made 
by him of considerable value/' This is an em* 
bellishment, Godwin says, nothing of their value; 
he merely calls them ' opuscula.' Fuller's editor 
refers to * Bale, cfe /Scrip/. Brit.Cent ix. num. 61/ 
But on getting up to the fountain head these 
works are found never to have had any existence 
at all, for Bale does not so much as name Bp. 
Gheast, Geste, or Guest. N^* 61. is Miles Co* 
verdale. 

Portraits. Granger, Noble and Bromley, &c. 
are silent : Arms of Guest or Gheast. Az. a chev. 
betw. 3 shovelers' heads, erased, proper. Edmo. 

In Hasted's Hist. Kent. 4, 285, will be found 
some matter relative to the vicarage of St. Cle* 
ment, Sandwich, and the agreements entered into 
respecting it between Abp. Parker and Gheast, 
while Archdeacon of Canterbury in 1570. 

No memoir of Bp. Gheast is extant. 



60 



III. JOHN PIERS. 

SuccEssiT A.D. 1577.— Trans, ad £bor. A.D. 1588. 

Obiit a. D. 1594. 

Of this prelate no life occurs either in the 
BtojjT* BriL or Chalmers's Biog. Diet, nor in any 
of oor biographical collections. Godwin is con- 
tent to comprise his life in about 5 lines : *^ John 
Piers, D. D. and dean of Ch : Ch : in Oxford, 
succeeded Bp. Gheast, both in Rochester (where- 
imto he was consecrate Mar. 10, 1576) and in 
Siliibory the yeere 1 677. There he sat 11 yeeres 
(eontinning all that while the Queene's Almoner) 
and was translated to Yorke the yeere 1588." 
tjJL 1801. p. 287. The following notices have 
beeo gleaned from the various authorities cited. 

A. Wood observes, Ath. Oxon. 2. 835. that he 
^was born [1523] of plebeian and sufficient parents 
it S. Hinksey, near Abingdon, Berks, and within 
t short mile of Oxon, was educated in grammar 
learning in the free school joining to Magd. Col- 
lege; in-academicalsin the said college, of which 
ke was admitted perpetual^ fellow 25 July 1546, 
keiag then A. B.r Soon after, upon an invitation, 
he was elected into the number of senior students 
of Ch: Ch: which place he being unwilling to 
take, had liberty granted to him that if he did 



.> 



• (tmt^ probationer fellow ? 




70 

dislike it at the year's end he might leave it. 
Whereupon being weary of it at the term of that 
year, he was elected probationer* of Magdalen 
College, beforementionedy 26 July, 1548,'t' and 
the next year proceeded in arts. About that 
time he entered into holy orders, and being soon 
after made divinity reader of that house, obtained 
also the rectory of Quainton, in Bucks ; both 
which places he kept together for some time. But 
so it was, that he being a man of good parts, and 
accounted by his contemporaries an excellent dis* 
putant, yet by keeping rustical company at Quaio« 
ton, or at some small cure that he had near to 
his native place before he had obtained Quainton, 
[he] was in great hazard of losing all those ex- 
cellent gifts that came after to be well esteemed 
and rewarded in him.| In 1558 he was ad- 
mitted to the reading of the sentences, being 
about that time prebendary of§ Chester, of which 

* Qusre, perpetual fellow ? 

-f* Wood most be in some error here. He makes it appear that Pien wa* 
admitted probationary fellow 2 years after his admission as perpetual fellow-^ 
thus, in other words, very unfairly putting him to the proof afWr he had bce^ 
approved, and advancing him to the lower dignity. — Le Neve has implicitly 
adopted this blunder. Abps. Y'ork, Pt 2. p. 72. 

+ A. Wood 2. R35, and Sir John Harrington, Brirf View (l2mo. 165:^— 
Bodl. Line. 8o. c. 283.) p. 184, relate some circumstances in the early 
of Picrs*s career, which, as they seem to be mere scandal, and devoid of 
bability, I have thought fit not to transcribe. 

§ '' John Pierse. S. T. P. was collated to the 2d stall at Chester, ao. iSfiS. 
Willis. Cath. 1. 346. Wood*8 phrase, '" about that time," (1558,) gives a W 
tude of 8 years. 



1 



71 

church bein^ soon after made dean ia the place 
of Rog.* [Richard] Walker, M.A. he proceeded 
iQ divinity. In the beginning of 1570 he was 
elected Master of Baliol College, but before he 
was settled therein, he was made Dean of Ch : Ch : 
in Oxon. So that resign^iiug bis mastership in 
May 1571, he was on the loth March following 
made Dean of Sarum, upon the resignation of "^v/^^ ^ 
Dr. Edm. Freke. made Bp. of Rochester. Which "^ ""'^^'l"; 
deanery he kept with that of Ch : Ch : till he was . " c^ j 
coQsecrated Bp. of Rochester, the 15th April, '/ijt^/A 
157& About which time being made the Queen's 
Almoner, she gave him leave notwithstanding, to 
keep a commendatory title to the deanery of 
Saram till 1577, and then in the beginning of 
that year she made him Bp. of that placef on the 
death of Dr. Edm. Gheast, who died in Feb. 
1576. In the said see he sat several [11] years 
with great honor and repute, and was beloved of 
all. At length, upon the death of Dr. Edwin 
Sandys, being made Abp. of York, was trans- 
lated to that place 19th Feb. 1588. He died at 
Bishopsthorp in Yorkshire, tlie 28th Sept. 1594, 
aged 71 years, leaving then behind him the cha- 
racter of a great and modest theologist ; where- 
upon his body was buried in the third chapel at 



• U WM Richard not Roger Walker who was dean of Chester. Sec WU- 
Bfc C^, 1. 388. Wood. Ath, Ox. nor eJ. 2. 835. Churton's NoweL 288. 
Bwrter's Chester Cath, p. 58. 

t " Elecmosynarii munus adbuc retinuiu" Godw. ed. Rich* p. 711. 



i 



72 

the E. end of the cathedral church of York. 
Over his grave was soon after erected a fair mo- 
nument at the E. wall; the inscription on which, 
wherein his character is contained at large, yoa 
may see in Historia et AfUiquitates^ Univ. Oxan. 
lib. 2. p. 266. a & b. He left his estate to John 
Piers, Registrary to the Abp. of York, son of 
Thos. Piers, of S. Hinksey before-mentioned, the 
Abp/s brother, who married Eliz. dau. of Rich. 
Bennet, and sister of Sir John B. Knt. Judge of 
the Prerog. Court of Cant."* 

From the Fastili the following dates are col- 
lected, A. B. 1545. A. M. 1549. B. D. 1558. 
D. D. 1565. being then dean of Chester. 

To the above we may add, from Blisses edi- 
tion of Ath. Ox. 2. 835. that he had a *' dispen- 
pensation to hold the deanery of Chester and the 
deanery of Ch : Ch : Oxon. rectory of Langdon 
(dioc. Lond.) and of Philingsham [Fillingham] 
(dioc. Line.) Feb. 25, 1570. Tanner." " 1567, 
30 Jun. Job. Pyres. S. T. D. coll. ad eccl. de 
Layndon per mortem Nich. Karvyle. Reg, Grin- ^ 
daU. epH Land:'—'' 1573, 12 Nov. Job. Walker, 
S. T. P. coll. ad eccl. de Layndon per resig. 
Job. Peyrce, S. T. P. Reg. Sandys, epi Land. 
Kennet." 

The following is a synopsis of this prelate's 



* Bat in the monumental inscription, vid. inf, we find John Bennet, 
LL.D, calling himself '^ bseres in tesUunento sciiptus." 




78 

advaucemenU in the Church and University :— • 

4.B.1545. Fell. Magd. Coll. Ox. 1548. A.M. 

1549. Rector of Quainton, or Queinton-Malet, 

Backs, about 1549. B. D. 1558. D. D. 1505. 

Preb. of Chester, 1566. Dean of Chester, 1567, 

so Willis, Caih. 1 . 346. Wood says, *^ soon after 

1688."^<A.i9a.2.835. See Broster, CA^^fer CVrlA. 

p. 56. Churton, Life of NaweU p* 238. Wood, 

in his Fastis under that year (1565,) describes 

hiai as DeanofChest er at the time of his taking 

bis degree of D. D. : but this must be by pro- 

lepsis. He resigned the deanery of Chester 157 1 • 

Hasted, in his HisL Kentf 2. 42, says, ** he prih- 

haUjf resigned the deanery of Chester on his ad* 

mission to that of Ch : Ch : in 1571.'* but Willis 

says ''he held the deanery of Chester with Ch: Ch: 

till such time as he got Salisbury deanery.'* Cath. 

i. 410. Rector of Langdon, or Laingdon, cum 

cap. de Basildon, Essex (Newcourt. ReperL 2. 

355.) 1567. resign. 1573 — dispensation to hold 

Rllingham, 1570. dean of Ch : Ch : 1570.1: re- 

fign. 1572 as Willis says, but 1576, according to 

Wood. The former observes in his Cath. 2. 440, 

that he resigned Ch : Ch : on accepting Sarum 

deanery in 1572, but the latter states, Aih. Ox* 

iieiredtl.2.836, thathekept thedeanery of Ch:Ch: 

till be was consecrated Bp. of Rochester, 1576. 

Master of Bal. Coll. 1570. H. Savage, in his 

BattioferguSj 4to. Oxoii. 1608, p. Ill, says, he 

held the Mastership of Baliol and the Deanery of 




74 

Gh: Ch: together, ^'admitted Master, May2S, 
1570/'— The dispensation, as above, shews that 
he at the same time held the deaneries of Chester 
and Ch : Ch :— resign. 157 1«— Dean of Sarum, 
March 1571-2; resign. 1576 as Willis says, but 
Wood has it 1577. " He kept Salisbury deanery 
till he was made Bp. of Rochester" (1576) Wil- 
lis Cath. 2. 440. — *< The Queen g^ve him leave 
to hold a commendatory title to the deanery of 
Salisbury till 1577, and then in the beginning of 
that year she made him Bp. of that place (Salis- 
bury) on the death of Dr. Gheast,*' &c. Ath. Ox. 
new ed. 2. 836. — Bp. of Rochester and Almoner, 
Ap. 15, 1576. Godw. de prtBS. ed Rich. int. Epos 
Hqff* p. 538. " Consecrated Bp. of Rochester, 
being then dean of Sarum, 1576. Ap. 15, by Abp. 
Grindall at Lambeth." — Le Neve. Ahps. 1. 35. 
Bp. of Sarum, 1577. {ib) " had the royal assent 
1577." Pat. 20 Eliz. 1. ni. 20. Rymer Ftedera. 
Tom XV. 783. and restit. of Temp. edd. pag. — 
Abp. of York. 1588. 

Willis, Calh. 1. 50, thus speaks of him: — 
" John Piers, S. T. P. Rector of Queinton Mal- 
let, C®- Bucks, Prebendary of Chester, succeeded 
being elected to this See (York) from that of Sa- 
lisbury, Feb. 1, 1588, translated hither Feb. 9, 
and confirmed Feb. 19. What his other prefer- 
ments were are given us in his inscription (2) on 
his monument for which I shall refer for his cha- 
racter. He was in short endowed with all sort* 



75 

of learning, and in all places where he presided, par. 
ticolarly at Chester, Oxford, Salisbury, and here 
[York], beloved by all for his humanity, christian 
behaviour, and generosity, which, being a single 
man, he exercised to that degree that he had little 
left to bestow at his death : so that I can not find 
that he made any will otherwise than a nuncupa- 
tive one, as is supposed. This primitive Bishop 
died at Bishopsthorpe, universally lamented in 
the 71st year of his age, having leased nothing of 
the revenues of the church as his predecessor 
(Sandys), and his successor (Hntton,) and was 
baried in the Cathedral at the £. end, where is 
erected to his memory the following inscription, 
on a compartment of marble between 2 pillars 
having his arms on a shield at top :"— 

** Johannes Piers S. Theol. Doctor, ceelebs, 
postquamDecanatumCestrise; EccL X** in Acad. 
Oxon ; et Sarisburiae functus esset, et postquam 
£piscopatum Roffensem viginti menses, Sarisbu- 
Hensem undecim plus minus annos gessisset, Ar- 
ch iepiscopatum Eboracensem annos sex vite 
autem 71. obiit Sept. 28. A.D- 1594* 

Cujus hie repositum est cadaver. Genere non 
magnus fuit (nee tamen humilis) dignitate locoque 
^najor, exemplo maximus. Homo si quisquam 
^Jaojrtalium a malitia et vindicta plane innocens : 

* Drake in his Antiguitici of Yorky p. 156, read* " Eboracensis iui Epis- 
^^•PAtu* anno sexto,'* &c. 




lumme liberalis in omnes. Paupefibas ita bene- 
ficus; ut non suam modo sed et principis sui mu- 
nificentianiy eleemosynarius regius, larga manu 
per mul^tos annos erogarit. Hospitalis adeo ut 
expensse reditus ssepe eBquarint nonnumqaam so- 
perariut. Contemptor mundi optimus, facilis et 
in sola vitia superbus. Scilicet non minus fac- 
tis quam sermonibus syncerum verbi Freeconem 
^t. Et fuit in evangelio praedicando, tarn in 
aula et academia quam in Ecclesia, ut semper 
valde nervosus, ita ad extremum usque halitum 
mirabUiterassiduus. Yeram et genuinam'i' Christi 
religionem modis omnibus propagavit, falsam et 
adulterinam totis viribus oppugnavit. Bonaslit- 
teras pro facultatibus auxit. Ignavos, sedulitatis 
suee conscius ferre non potuit. Manus temere ne« 
mini imposuit. Ecclesiee patrimonium veluti rem 
Deo sacratam intactum defendit. Summa^f sem- 
per apud illustrissimam mortalium Eliz°^ gratia 
floruit. Ineffabili apud Deum immortalem gloria 
fleternum florebit. Yivit in caeloj; anima ejus, — 
vivet in terris memoria : utinam et vivum exem- 
plar in omnibus episcopis ecclesieeque pastoribus 
cerneretur. Johannes Bennet Leg. Doct. 



* WiUia, Le Neve, and many others, have, one after another, withoat 
•topping to examine the epitaph, written *^ venim et germanam religiooem.** 
The antithetical structure of (he sentence is obvious. I have ventured to ic« 
store what I conceive the true reading, genttinam* 

* Drake «/ sup, SumniRtim. 
t Cdis. 16. . 



77 

heere8 in testamento scriptus memoriee tanti prse- 
salis talisque patroni sui (cut omnibus officii ac 
observantiae nominibus se deditissimum profitere- 
tar) hoc pii gratique atiimi non tantee hereditatis 
moDumentum suis snmptibus posuit." 

There is a sermon in print which was preach- 
ed at his funeral by his chaplain. Dr. John King, 
17 Nov. 1594. LeNeve. Ahps. Yo. 79. 

Drake says he was buried in the 3d chapel, 
called All-Saints, at the E. end of the cathedral 
under the window, where his monument was 
placed till it was removed to make way for the 
fine tomb of the Hon. Tho. Wentworth. It is 
DOW put over a door in the corner. A plate of the 
monument may be found in Drake Hist. o/Yark^ 
together with the inscription which is also pre- 
served in Le Neve's Archbps. pt. 2. p. 77, and in 
the Hist, and Antiq. Oxford, It is remarkable 
that most of the foregoing epitaph is the same as 
^bp. Sandys's (Piers's predecessor at York,) but 
being put in different churches, the writer did 
not imagine they would ever be compared. As 
Sandys preceded Piers, it might appear that 
X^iers's monumental inscription was copied from 
Sandys's, but the contrary is the fact, for Willis 
^vol. 1. p. 49,) says that Sandys's monument was 
erected seemingly many years after his death. 
rXhe same writer observes, that '< this epitaph 
mcems to have raised an emulation in Saiidys's 
family to give him a like character." 




78 

Strype in his Life of Abp. Whitgift^ remarks 
of Abp. Piers that ^' he obtained by his learning-, 
good government, and Christian behaviour, a great 
character from that college" [Ch : Ch :] In an 
epistle, anno 1675, to the Lord Treasurer, re- 
questing that Dr. James might be appointed his 
successor, the students observed that their late 
dean's ^* kindness towards the good, discreet con- 
duct towards the refractory, and moderation to- 
wards all, were singular : that he was excellently 
furnished with the knowledge of all arts, and a 
great instrument in the progress of good learning 
in that house. TheyextoU his learning, humanity, 
liberality, beneficence ; and as he governed the 
college, so no doubt he behaved himself when he 
was advanced to the government of the Church." 
P. 288. See also Le Neye^Abps. of York, pt. 2, 76. 

In Tho. Newton's lUustrium aliquot Anyh- 
rum Encomia^ a scarce work which will be found 
in the Bodleian Lib. 4o- L. 37, Art. Seld. (Lond.* 
1689), p.ll5, the following copy of verses to the 
Abp. occurs :— • 

'' Ad Reverendiss. D. JoaDnem Piersam 
Archiepiscopum Isureaicanum. 

Uxellam nnper te vidit. Perse, decanum : 

Pontificem vidit Roffa deinde snum. 
Postea pontificem te Iseta Seueria doctam 

Excipit, et vigilem fovit arnica patrem. 



* There is another edidon by Tho. Heame, Oxon, 1715. Bodl. 8<». F. 59. 
Jur. 



79 



Principis Blisabetbas Eleemosynarius iado 

Maoia honorifice tradita fidos obis. 
Ad samma evectus titulorum culmina sensim 

Pnemia, Tirtutem qui comitentur, babes. 
Kqdc aatem ad rigidos te confers, Perse, Brigantes* 

Isurovioani, praesal amande, gregis. 
Det Deos bis praesis maltos faeliciter annos. 

Tarn cobibendo malos quam refoTendo bonos.'' 

I find no publications of this prelate recorded. 
Mr. Ghurton, in his Life of Dean Nowell^ p. 295, 
bas some very apposite remarks respecting a 
thanksgiving sermon, spoken of by Stowe in his 
Chronicle^ preached by Piers, Bp. of Sarum, be- 
fore the Queen and Court, on the defeat of the 
Spanish Armada. 

Arms. The following are from Wood's MSS 
in the Ashmolean : ^' Barry, a phoenix crownd 
piercing his breast with her bill, and feeding 
her young ones with blood. The blood is G, and 
young O. and the nest wherein they all stand of 
the same colour." Wood brings down the family 
to the Abp's grand-nephew John, aged 11, in 
1612. In h\s Atherus 4 f 839, new edit, he considers 
\Villiam Piers, successively Bp. of Peterboro' and 
^ath and Wells, to which latter he was elected 
X632, to have been a grand-nephew of the Abp. 
toeing son of William Piers, a haberdasher or hat- 
ter, and a native, like the Abp. of S. Hinxey. This 
A?Villiam, he thinks, was the nephewof Abp. John, 
.ennet, in a note in the Atk. Ox. ut stip. col. 841, 
ecords a curious account of Piers's excommuni- 




80 

cation (while Bp. of Bath & Wells), of tUecharch- 
wardens of Beckington, near Frome, for which 
he was petitioned against to the King.— -Qictfrf, 
If the equestrian family of Piers, of Tristema 
Abbey, C^* Westmeath, are descended from the 
episcopal ? — See a remark in Noble's Cantin. of 
Granger^ 3, 447. Sir John Harrington, in his 
NuffCB Antique, !» 216, after recording the errors 
of the prelate's youth, relates the following in- 
stance of his abstinence : ** Being sickly towards 
his end, he was so fearfull to drinke wine tho* his 
stomacke required it, that bis Physician, being a 
pleasant man and loving a cup of wine himself 
very welH was wont to say to him sometimes, 
now if your Grace will call for a cup of wine and 
drink some, I warrant it will never hurt you/* 

Neither Granger nor Bromley mention any 
portrait of Archbishop Piers. 



IV. JOHN COLDWELL. 

SuccBSSiT A.D. 1591. Obiit A.D. 1596. 

Very little has come down to us concerning 
this prelate. He is remarkable for three things : 
1. As having been a Physician before he became 
a Bp. 2. As being the first married Bp. that 
ever filled the see of Sarum, and 3. As having 
alienated Sherborne Castle from the see to Sir 
Walter Raleigh. 



He had been domestic chaplain to Abp. Far- 
mer, and rector of Aldington, Kent, in 1572. 
Tanner from M.S* of Bately.) See Fasti^ Ox. 
leir editm 198, note. Godwin and Wood style him 
of St. John*8 Coll. Camb. ; the latter, ut nip. re- 
cords his incorporation at Oxford, June 23, 1574, 
ind calls him then ^* M. D.** He was instolled 
lean of Rochester Jan. 7, 1585. Hasted, Hist. 
KetU. 2, 27, after Wood. See also Le Neve 
FoMtif 252. He vacated his deanery on being 
ppointed Bp. of Sarum, being consecrated by 
Lbp. Whitgift at Lambeth, Le Neve, Ahps. p. 
^ e re^. ejusd. Having sat here about 5 years, 
c died Oct. 1506, and was buried in the cathe- 
jral near Jewel ^^ juxta Jewellum, eodem prope 
Mo nbi olim Wivellus." 

Sir J. Harrington ^' Brie/e view^^ &c. 12mo. 
€53, (Bodl. Line. 8o- C. 283,) notices this pre- 
sto at p. 88, and in his Nuga Antiq. 1792, vol. 1, 
• 103, we have the following remarks : ** How 
18 [Gheat^s] successor, Dr. Coldwell, of a Phy* 
ician became a Bp. I have heard by more than 
good many. I touched before how this Church 
ad surfeited of a Capon [Bp. Capon, alias Sal- 
ot, see our p. 292, Part I.] which, being heavy 
:i her stomacke, it may be thought she had some 
tced of a physician ; had she be^n sick of a plu- 
iaey, too much abounding with bloud as in ages 
>ast, then such bleeding physick might have done 
it no harm,'* &c. Sir J. U. then proceeds to 

?ART If. F 




m 

rMatet Uk a tiMdiit and eonfttaed Myle, Ae alu 

nation of the CaMle, &€. of Slm^borne by Oi 

prelate to Sir Wait. Kdetgh, whom throoglMii 

he calLi ^ the Knight,* withont once naming hin 

(see Part 1. p. 221, (^ this work,) and condndc 

his story thus : '* Now to returne to the Bp. thi 

was the second party delinquent in this petilai 

ceny, or rather plaine sacriledge ; What was hi 

purpose ? To make himselfe rich by making hi 

See poore ? Attained he his purpose herein ? Nc 

thing lesse : no Bp. of Sarum since the ConqMi 

dyed so notorious a beggar as this, his friend 

glad to bury him suddenly and secretly, ^* Sk 

LuXf sine CruXf sine Chnco^- as the old bye wei 

is, being, for hast be-like, clapt into Bp^Wyipff 

grave, that even at the Resurrection he ' way li 

ready to accuse him and say, ^ I reoovered Shei 

borne from a King, when that had been wiwg 

fully detained 200 yeeres, and tkou didst betoa; 

it to a Knighty after that had been quietly po^sei 

other 200 yeeres. Some might imagine this i 

presage that Sherborne may one day revert agaiw 

to the b'prick. But there is a sign mHydnmmt^ 

against it. For in digging your grave (notwilih 

standing all the hast was made) so great a fppnsf 

brake into that, as filled that all with water, adl 

quite washH away the presage, so that as tW 

dead Bp. was drowned before he could be bonsd^ 

and, according to his name, laid into a ooU-mff 

betbre he was covered with the cold earth." p.l(W. 



niBd «t St John's ColL €uDb. in FnUflr^s 



V. HENRY COTTON. 

BvceiGs'srr A. D. ISOB. Obiit A. b. l^ft. 

PMnriomly to the saeoession of Bp. Gotton tk 
M ftppeara to hiiVe been vacant 2 years. Wood 
|hw w the following aecoant of him iii Ath. ArM. 
t|'852) ai. 1815 :— ^ He was a younger son of 
SeRich. Cotton, Knt. one of the Privy Council 
to K. Ed w. 6 ; was bom in Hants [Fuller says, 
ii Wartkie$, ed. 1811, 1, 406, at ' Warblington', 
winch Richardson also quotes. Qu^ffe, if any 
aiR^ place?] educated in the free school at Guil- 
ford, became a Commoner of Magd. Coll. in 1606 
sr thereabouts, took the degrees in Arts, [B. A. 
im. Wood, Fasti, pt. 1, p. 184, ed. 1816. M.A. 
ft. 187] that of Master being completed in 1571, 
--4Mrfy orders,-— and, about that time — a Wife; 
% whom, afterwards, he had 19 children. In 
^lil6^ he being then Preb. of Winton, and welt 
beneficed, supplicated to be admitted to the read- 
iipeif thfe sentences, but whether he was really 
tdnttfeed, it appears not On the 12th Nov. 1508 
he' was consecrated Bp. of Sarum [Godw. mt. 
^fk. Sar\ and LeNeve, Abps. pt. 1,p. 59, adds 

V 2 




84 

by Abp.Wfai^ifty at Lambeth;] and in the ye 
following' waft actually created D. D. 1^ certi 
Doctors deputed for that purpose, who went 
him, then (I think) nt Sarum. [''He was create 
J). D. at Sarum by Dr. Edm. Lillye, Y. Chan 
Dr. Tho. Holland, Reg. Prof. Div. and bol 
Proctors.*' Wood, Fasti, ut mp. 284. There 
in theBodl. 4to. H. 22. Art — Oralio ofin Hmuri 
Ep\ Sar\ grad. DW^s. susceperit habita by Hoi 
land. Oxon., 1599.] He was godson to Q. Wn 
while she was Lady Eliz. ['* then only 12 y€Si 
of age. Fuller. Worth, vt mp.], who, as it is n 
ported (Sir Jo. Harring^n, £rt^ Viewe oftb 
state of the Ch. of Eng. 12mo. 1653, p. 98. 
usually aaid that * she had blessed many of be 
godsons, but now this godson should bless her 
[alluding to the episcopal benediction.] He gat 
way to fate May 7, 1615, and was buried in d 
Cath. of Sarum, near to the body of his wiffe.** 

Fuller, «< mp. observes that this prelate wi 
6f a different family from William Cotton, wl 
was Bp. of Exeter from 1597 to 1620, and ei 
actly his contemporary. He adds that Q. Eli 
merrily said, alluding to the plenty of clothk 
in those parts, that ^^ she hoped she had now wc 
Cottoned the West.*' 

Henry, a son of the Bp. was of Brazena 
M. A. 1610. Preb. of Fordington and Writhlin| 
ton in the Cath. of Sarum, Sep. 29, 1608. Pre 
of Bytton, Dec. 4, 1612. Chauntor, Jul. 30, 161 



85 

and Preb. of Highworth, Mar.l 1 following. Ob. 
1622. Wood. Fasti, pt. l.*ool; 388. ^ 1815. 

Godwin terms the Bp. *' orto non minus quam 
enuiitione cseterisque episcopalibos virtutibus no- 
bilif," &c. 

Sir Jo. Harrington, in the Nttj/m Antiq. 1. 
109, calls the Bp. the qneen's chaplain — he ob- 
lenres that *' he married very young ; for he was 
told he bad 19 children by one woman, which is 
no ordinary blessing, and most of them sonnes. 
His wife's name was Patience^ the name of which'* 
(he adds^ ** I have heard in few wives— the qua- 
lity in none. He hath one sbnne blind (I know 
not if by birth or accident) but tho' his eyes be 
Uind, he hath an understanding so illuminate, as 
lie is like to prove the best scholer of all his 
brethren. One especiall commendation I may not 
omit, how by this good Bp.'s means, and by the 
mstance of the learned Deane of Sarum, Dr. 
Goorden, a seminary [Priest] called Mr. Car« 
penter, a good schoUer and in degree B. D. was 
converted, and testified his owne conversion pub*- 
lickly in a sermon upon this text. Acts 0. 18. 
^ There fell as it were scales/' &c. 

The Arms of Cotton, of Cotton Hall, Hants, 
are^ Az. a chevr. betw. 3 bundles of cotton yam 
kx.'^EdnumdsUme, 



80 



YI. BOBBRT ABBOT. 

StrccBSSiT A. D. 1616. Obiit A. D. 1617. ' 

The life of this prelate may be found io wm 
ovm collections. The following is newly wiJMl 
and is compiled from Bipff. BrU. Fuller's W 
thies, BjchBrdaon'neanthi.ofGodw. FMisAd 
Biit. Hb. 16. 72 f . 63. Wood's MS& m i 
Ashmolean, the Ath. Ow. and the FeuU. pi 
21f8» new edit. 

l^obert Abbot, elder brother of Georg«l, M 
of'Canterbory, was son of Maurice Abbo^ a< 
thier, i^t 6nilf<»d> Surry^ where he was born 
1660, in a house, which in Wood's time was 
alehouse, bearing the sign of the ^ Three Mi 
ners,' by the river's side, near the bridge^ oa 
N. side of the street in St. Nicholas's pari 
The annexed pedigree is from Wood's pap 
8409. Misc. p. 119. 



Ouilfordin otm. Soirry 
9b. Qfit Sep. 1606 
SepaltDB Gailfordi 



Marobe de Guilf. 
ob, 16. Sep. 1606 



Geo. AMoi. 
J^hp. Cant. 



I 
Sar. 



=pRob.Bp«.^3^j 

dan. 01. 



wi^ow of M. 

TIro.Cbeyiiell 
a physician 
of Oxon. 

Martha dan. and heir 
married to Sr. Nath. 
piPent. Ward. Mert. Coll," 



1 

0>n>at»rr,wilhliiiCI»kto,t«blUl ,. ,> . , 

H«iAitiiarOHiow,ii)diiH»4)^ita£«rudiinenti of wi WiKiu. 

^^i^^-lte.'SSteiier George, <tth«F»e 
(^J^ J-. 'as sent, as the Oxiord 
hyBomfiifjKceodi to tell us, to Baihol-Cdl. 0»* 
ford, in IOTA. ToQ||.th^ degree of A. B; 1570y 
Bud «aflel«oted.9o«ii« SacerdotalU in 1581-. la 
1588 be proceeded A» IdL and- became a noted; 
pratschei* itt the Univawty, and' a ooDitaot leo 
Uuet at St Martin's GbuKh in the quadriviDmi 
(Mw Carfax), aod-sooffitinies at Abingdon.' Ha, 
eiberged into notice by bis talent in-preaching' 
Updn'tbe first sermon he delivered'at Worcester, 
be was made lecturer ia-that city,, and' soon aftep 
rector of All Saiott tl^ere ; anduponasermoalia 
preached at St. Panl's Cross,, he was presented 
by John' Stanhope, Esq. one of his auditors, to 
tbe<Uving. of Bingfaam, Notts. Mardt 4, 1503, 
(W^od. JFiuti: 1. 363^ ut sup.) he. together with 
his brother George, took the degree of B. D. and 
about this time became no less eminent on ac-^ 
conbt of his writing^, parlicnlarly againstn Papist 
on the subject of the sacrament, ihan behad been 
(or hu pulpit omtory. In 1597 he proceed^ 
D. D. and soon after the accession of James I. 
that monarch appointed him one of bis chaplains 
in ordinary, and conceived so high an opioioo of 
hiswritings, that he ordered bis own Comrmentary 
upon part of the Apocalypse to be printed in 1608 
with the 2d. edit, of Abbot's book De Antiehriito, 
in doing which, the kat^ certainly paid litmwlf 



d8 

a hluqh gpreater compliment than he did the 
Abbof 8 writing had now broogfat fain 
general esteem, especially his book in defen 
WilL Perkins's Reformed Catholic^ against 
Will. Bishopt then a secular priest, but i 
wards, in the Pope's style, a titular bishop < 
aerial diocese of Chalcedon.— Of this work 
asserted by Dr. Featley in his Life of Abbot, 
he has herein given Will. Bi&bop as grei 
overthrow, as Jewel to Harding, Bilson U 
len, or Reynolds to Hart. At the end oi 
excellent work is added a separate treatise, n 
he soon after wrote, entitled 7%e true an 
Rmncm Catholic: dedicated to Prince Henn 
whom it was so acceptable, that he returned 
thanks in an autograph letter, and promise 
assistance to advance him in the Church, 
though by that Prince's untimely death, the 
tor lost some hopes, yet, in process of timi 
found other friends to forward his interests. 
In 1600 he was elected Master of BaK < 
(see Savage's Balliofergus. p. 113) which s 
tton he held nearly 7 years, till bis elevatio 
the Mitre. In his office he was eminent fo 
constant encouragement he afforded to p 
morality, and learning. It was his custoi 
deliver lectures himself as well as to be pn 
at the public exercises of the college. 

In May 1610, he was nominated by the 1 

• «■.*• • •* ... . , . 

one of thejfirst fellows of the Royal Cdlleg 



Gheiseay then newly founded for the encourmge- 
ment <if polemicftl diTinity ; and as Fuller in his 
C h unk Hi$t4ny tayst <* engarrisoned with the 
iblest champions of the Protestant cause/* In 
Not. of the same year, he was made Preb. of 
Ntfmanton* in the church of Southwell. 

Upon preaching a sermon before the King 
during his month of waiting at Court in 1612, 
when the news of the death of Thomas Holland, 
D.D. of Balioly was brought from Oxford, his 
Majesty appointed him to fill the theological 
dmir of that University, but he modestly de- 
dined the offer, nor would he be brought to ac- 
cept it till his brother, the Archbishop procured 
t mandate from the King. 

While in this office Dr. Abbot shewed him- 
idf no less obstinate and violent an opposer of 
Ltod than his brother was : for in one of his ser- 
HODS before the University, when Laud was pre- 
lent, he pointed so directly at what he fancied, 
nd had the eflrontery to call the disguised Po- 
pery of that eminent divine, as to dispose him to 
tike public notice of the professor^s personality,* 
but he relinquished this intention, probably at 
the Miggrestion of his friend and patron Neile, 
lim Bp. of Lincoln. 

In 1615, on account of his lectures in the 



* Und*! Ugh-dniicb prindpltt an tuffidcntljr known. The AbboU wtn 
MiWlollid «id incunUt Cdvinisu. 



M 

Di?ioily School wnccrauigr the Uimg^Mmfittme 
power sgtjntt BeUsnnine fmd SoofeSr ^nd th0< 
emmlknteothwAnMlo^ thMrrocantly fubfitlHHi^ 
tlio King oxpraased kis satisfaction of .thoaeoUe 
pariormancaa by Dominatiog him to Ab Se& of 
Sarum. See Wood, Alh^ Or. 2. 224« wm edji^i 

«" Thus^'* aa the editor oi the Biog. Brit, after 
Dr. Featleyv obsenres ** as he set forward, one. 
foot in ttie tempio of virtoe, his other still ad*' 
mmced in the temple of honor, though indeed; 
bw leisurely/' which by his. friends is impntedtb' 
b».owi. hoBMlity, and the anwiUiDgnew of. the 
Gonrt, '* to adorn the Chorch witb the spoil o£>> 
the University, and mar a. Professor to mabs a^^ - 
Bishop/' 

He was conseomted by Us -own brother, J!lec«—> 
9^ 1916, in' his chapel at Lamb^ ; herain, 
Godwin observes, p. 566^ edit. 1743, '' Seffredi 
Gieestrensisfsriicitatem 8eqaavitqu6d Episoopi 
ipse fratrem yidere ccmtigerit ArohiepiaoopnBi- -^ 
Gtot oariensem /* 

Whenr presented to do homage, the King said — 
pleasantly tO'him ^^ Abbot, I have had very much 
to*do to make thee a-Bp. but I know no reason 
fdr*it^— unless it were because thou hast written 
against one," alluding to Dr. Bishop, thoiBopish^s^ 
writer before mentioned. Abbot's^ l>f/eiHae ^ 
ferAiiK, against Bishop, 1018, may be found in 
Sbmers's TrwU, 3. 291. 

Id bis way t6 SaniiBr he m>d«ia> finunl. omt 



i 



91 

tHMfi at tkit tJnhreriity , with g^mt apfdaoM. We 
have Home f r ag uio tt ti of it p roser vady in tha origt* 
nat liatin, ii^ HtoHM^i Her. AngL and Featfey'tf 
L^ ofAtBois and a trandation thereof, op ejpi*: 
tome in Bngliah, by Lopton, in his HiiL afnmdem: 
Pirotegtani Dwines. His brethren, the heads of 
hoosesi and other Oxford friends, parted with him 
on the ed^ of his diocese with tears of grief; and. 
thegentry of Saram rec^ved him withthoseof joy«. 
Thelbllowing Sunday he offered hisfirstfrtutfim 
<Ae temfde^ taking his text from Ps. 26, S.^^Lord^ 
J'kave laved the habitatum of thy Aoims, aadE lAcr 
jolkoe where- thine hatwur dwdbth. 

Having verified the words of his textin the per* 

son of ]>avid, he verified itin himself ; for observ-. 

sag the cathedral to be much decayed, timnigfa 

megligence, and ^* the covetoosness of those who? 

Aled their pnrses, with that which should have 

miopped the chinks,'' hensedsuch means with the 

jprebendaries, as drew from them «£dOO which.he 

mpplied to the reparation of the churdi ; and then 

laboured to repair the congregation, both by doOf 

'trine and discipline, visiting his whole diooese iii 

^l^erson, and preaching every Sunday, while hie 

liealth would permit^ either in the city, or in the 

migfabouring towns ; but this was not long^ His 

last sermon was from John 14, 16, ^ I will pn^ 

the Futber, and he will give you another ceniM' 

ferter/ He was shortly after seized^ sayftFeaUay# 

1^ dreadful fiti qf the stona^ in the kidnagrii^ 



02 



brought ^m by the fedentiiry life to which he had 
acemtomed himflelf in his studious pursaits. 

His biographer tells us that many came to irisit 
bba on his death-bed, and among others the Jod- 
ges being then at Sarum in their circuit, to whom 
he spared not his Christian admonitions; and 
amongst many points he discoursed on before 
them, insirted very much upon the benefit of a 
good consciencet rendering thanks to his Creator 
for the great comforts be felt thereby now in his 
extremity, and admonished all that heard him, so 
to carry themselves in their most private and se-> 
cret actions, as well as in their public, that they^ 
might obtain that at the last which would standB 
them in more stead, than what all the world couUH 
afford besides. Having, when death approachedi^ 
summoned his domestics and with broken speech 
in the language of adying man, beginningto roak 
a profession of his iaith, his friends persuaded hi 
to refrain, it being manifest in his writing^s ; h 
yielded to their advice, and signed all his workifl 
with these words ; that faith which I have </e^- 
Jended in my wriiinffs, is the truth of God ; an 
tn the avoufihing thereof I leave the world. Th 
with exhortations, benedictions, and the pains 
his disease, quite worn out, he lay as it were slum- 
bering, with now and then a short ejaculation 
and at length, with eyes and hands uplifted for 
space of two or three houi^s, after some weeks 
tiQuance in that dreadful disorder, he gave up thi«" 



l^hcBt, Mar. 3, 1617, in the 58Ui your 4»f hii age. 

Bp. Abbot iearcdy filled Ibu tee 2 years mod 
8 monthiy beiag one of the 6 Bpe who presided 
bere within 6 years in the reign of James I. The 
reader will remember our having noticed a simi- 
lar fatality in a preceding portion of this work. 
He was buried in the Cathedral opposite the Bp*s 
throne. 

Chttracter. — Bp. Abbot*s character is tlids 
drawn by Wood. Atk. Om. 2. 223. new edit. *' He 
was a person of unblameable life and conversation, 
a profound divine, most admirably well read in the 
Fathers, Councils and Schoolmen, and a more 
moderate Calvinian than either of his two prede- 
cessors in the divinity chair, Holland and Hum- 
frey, which he expressed by countenancing the 
Bablapsarian way of predestination.*' 

Fuller makes this distinction between the ta- 

9 

ietits and- tempers of the prelatical brothers :-«- 
'* George was the more plausible preacher, Ro- 
bert the greater scholar : George the abler states- 
man, Robert the deeperdivine : g^ravity did frown 
in George, and smile in Robert/* 

The same writer thus proceeds :~'' what is said 
of the French, so graceful is their ^arie, that they 
make any kind of clothes become themselves ; so 
gfeneral was his learning he made any liberal em- 
ployment beseem him; reading, writing, preach- 
ingy opposing, answering, and moderating ; wlio 
could dis'intangle truth, though complicated with 



M 



•4, 

•nNHtti mi all ttdes* He ao irttited the mmmm of 
Bellarmiii^ the Romieh dmoipieiiy thtt he toold 
sever rally them again/' WorMm S. a80« ia 
flurry, edii. 1811. 

Dr. Featley, the Bp'a domestic dia{ilasa#iaBd 
adbeequently bit^rapher, tdb fom, that ^ ha had 
eo eodeared himself to the iahabitanta ^f Sarati 
by his diligence in his pastoral charge, by hii 
heqpitality 9 aad bounty to the poor, and lovely and 
lowly carriage even towards his inferiors^ that he 
, was aniTersally lamented*" 

FnblieatiaM.^1. TkeMirrawr of Popish £Uk^ 
thties. Lend. 4to. 1504. Bodl. 4to. S. 46. Th^ 
%. The Exmltatian of the Kingdom omd l¥i isttssi J 
efX^OL sermon on Ps. 110, 4to.*liQiid. 1401 ^ 
Bodl. 4to. K« l.Th. . 3. AmtiehriHi 
4to. 1603, and 9f^ 1608. Bodl. A. 18» 8, 
(Bmeh conmiended by Scaligen) 4« 
the Reformed Catholic ofMr.W. Perkine 
the Bastard ComUer^CathoUc of Dr.W. Bishop^ 
1st pt. 4to. 1606. 2d 4to. 1607. 3d 4to« 1600. 
6.TheOldWa^; a sermon at St. Mary *«, Ojum 
4to. Lend. 1630. Bodl. 4to. A. 64, Th. 6. 
frtie JRoman CathoUch : being on Apohj^ 
J)r. Bishop's Reproof b^c. Bodl. 4to. A. 79. Th. 

7. Antilogia : adversus Jpologimn Jndrem 
num^ohanniSf Jegeiim^ pro Hen. OarueUa 
proditore. Lond. 4to. 1613. BodL N.N. 10. Th 

8. De gratia el persev. Sam^. Exer dtat io ms 
in Acad.Ox. Lond.4to. 1618>& Franc 8^ 1«1^ ^ 




Bodl. ▲. 10, 16. Line. 9- JnJUe. Tkompiom 
IHtUriimm de mmmkmef k/c B^dL A* VO. *l& 
line. 10« Ih nip* patmL rtg. exereU. hak. im 
jlemL Ox. Lmid. 4to. 1619. He alio left belmid 
oumy cenpoeitiom in M S. as his sermon at St 
Mary*s In VUutioatim of the Geneva Bibk Jhm 
Jmdaum emd Ariamsm^ which Dr. Howson op- 
poeed till K. Janes turned his edge from Geneim 
to Rome. The Bp. also left other sermons whidi 
he had preached at PauFs Cross, and at Wwces- 
ter; and some in Latin, at Oxford, &c. Lectures 
en St Matthew. Exam, of Mr. Bisbap'e Re^ 
proof of his Dedioationf &c. to the Answer ^f ik 
Epietm to the King. Preface to be inserted after 
(ha dedication of his book De AntMriito: be- 
*iidea Commentaries on some parts of the (Hd 
Test And a Commentary in Latin, t^wn the 
w h ok Epiiik to the Romans f which is called an 
aceorate work, in large sermons upon every text ; 
idierein he has handled all the controverted points 
of religion, and enclosed the whole magazine of 
ias learning : and it is regretted that the Church 
should be deprived of such a treasore, particu- 
larly that of Worcester ; to which he seems to 
lb%ve bequeathed it, in his epistle to the sermons 
li* dedicated to Bp. Bubingfton : this work, in 4 
V'ols. foL was given by Dr. Corbet beforemen- 
tionedy to the Bodleian library, where it remains. 
El. Savage, in bis BaUiofergus^ p. 114, mentions 
also that the Comment, on the Ep. to the Romans, 
ia the orio^inal M.S. is in the Universitv Library. 





Porlmitf.— -Granger lays UiA beiC portrait iiT^ 
this Prelate is that in 4to, engraved by Fnu Dela- — 
ram.^— -A copy in Boinard, — a copy of venes 
negth, sold by J. Sadbary and J. Humble.-— 8^ i 
the Heroologia. — One in Abel Redivivus, p. 588- ^ 
Bod. Mar. 1 89. The portraits in that work hav^ 
the letter press at the back,— -size Q^ inches by 
oval. Bromley mentions one in Frehenis. 
3. class 4. p. 51. 

Bp. Abbot was twice married ; the last time^ 
which is said to have given ofience to his brother 
the Abp. about half a year after his promotion to 
the see. This lady, whose name seems to have 
escaped the researches of his biographers, was 
Bridget Cheynell, widow of John Cheynell M.D. 
and mother of the famous Francis Cheynell— 
(Bliss's W. A. O. vol. iii. 708). By his first wife 
he left one son, or more, and a daughter Martlm, 
married to Sir Nath. Brent, warden of MerL 
^College, from 1646 to 1651. Their daughter 
Margaret married Dr. Eklw. Corbet, Rector of 
Haseley, Oxon, who gave some of the Bishop's 
MSS. to the Bodeian Library. 

Arms. The Arms of '* Abbot, Abp. of Can* 
terbury (Devon) are A. a chev. betw. 8 pears 
stalked O** Edmanstane. These are very similar 
to the coat borne by Lord Colchester. 



97 



VIL MARTIN FOTHERBY. 

SuccBSSiT A. D. 1618.-— Obiit A. D. 1619. 

This prelate was descended from the ancient 
^ honorable family of Fotherby, of Great 
Grimsby, in the county of Lincoln. He was born 
in 1559 (see his epitaph below), and, according to 
Fuller, Worth. 2, 12, edit. 1811, at Grimsby. A. 
Wood, Ath.Ox. new. ed. 2, 659, art. Abbot, calls 
his father Maurice Fotherby , and after him New- 
coQft (Repertoriumjt and Sir Egerton Brydges 
(Baiiimta), but Chalmers fBiog. Diet. 14. 512) 
sajg hia name was Martin. Wood's MSS. in 
the Ashmolean. fiimish us with the following pe- 
digree : No* 8469, p. 45. 

" John Fotherby de == 
Burton Stathen 
in Com. Lyn. 



Manritias F. --- 
de Grimsby in 
Com. Lyno. 



I I 

Cmrolas F. = Cecilia filia et MartinFotherby=:Margare(a 



deeamisBcc. 
Xtt Caot 



hasr.Rad. Waller fil. 3. 

de Cantab. Ep'us. Sar/ 



fil. Johis 
WinterS.T.P. 



Carolus fil. et hasr." 



I I 

Priacllla mqUa John F. de = £li£.fil Anthonii 

Bob. Moyle. Berebam in Cooke de Giddy 

Com. Kent. Hall. Mil. (forsan Gidea,Co Essex.) 

PART II. G 




98 

He appears^ as well as his elder brother 
Charles, to have been brought forward under the 
auspices of their uncle, Abp.Whitgift. Hasted, 
who is full in his account of the dean and his 
family, seems not to have been aware of this their 
relationship to the Abp. — See Wharton's note 
below. 

Fuller, Church Hist. 122, enrolls Fotherbj 
among the Bps. educated at Trin. ColL Cam- 
bridge, and Wood (ex Epitaph.) calls him Fellow 
of that Society, of which Whitgift was master 
from 1567 to 1577, when he was succeeded by 
the celebrated Bp. Still. Wood, Ath. Ox.i.m, 
erroneously refers for a further account of Bp. 
Fotherby to his own FcLstiy under the year 1599, 
among the incorporations. The name does not 
occur under 1599, and under 1597 it is Charles, 
his brother, whose incorporation from Cam- 
bridge is recorded. 

Mr. Bliss, in his edition of the Ath. Ox.% 
859, note, furnishes us with the following parti- 
culars of this prelate's preferments : 

" Martinus Fotherby, S.T.B. JohannisCant 
Ar^ep^i nepos et ejusdem capellanus, anno 1695, 
ad canonicatum Cant, ab eodeni admissus est 
1596, 30 Jul. — ad rectoriam de Churlham [lege 
Charlhaui (Rent)] ab eodem collatus 1596, 10 
Jan. Idem rectoriam de Adisham simul tenoit, 
donee ad Rpiscopatum Sarum promotus fuit'^ 
Whartani Collect. M.S. F. 75. 



99 

'* Martin Fotherby, S.T. B. admiss. ad eccl. 
B. Mariae-le-bow, Lond. 20 Junii 1694, qaatn 
resign, ante 17 Jan. 1595." Reg. Whitgift. 

^ Martinus Fotherbie, D.D. nominated fellow 
of Chelay Oollege in the charter of foundation, 
May 8, 1610/* Kennet. 

He thus occurs in Ne wcourt Repert. 1 , 439 : 
<« Martin Fotherby, S.T.B. 20 Jun. 1594, Rec- 
tor of JLie Bow per mortem Dickens, and was 
racceeded by Nich. Felton 20 Jun. the following 
year/' He also occurs in the iZgiertoruiiii, 1.587^ 
as one of the first fellows of Chelsea College, 
appointed by K.James I. himself. May 8, 1610. 
fn Hasted, Hist. Kent.^. 691 , he occurs, on the 
piesentation of the Abp. rector of Adisham, with 
the church of Staple, Co-Kent, in 1601, which 
he vacated in 1618, on his promotion to the ])re- 
lacy. The historian of Kent adds in the note, 
that he held it with the rectory of Chartham (not 
Churlham, as it is misprinted in Wharton's note 
above,) to which he was collated June 1596, 
being then S.T.P. on the presentation of the 
Qoeen, by lapse. Hasted, Hist. Kent, 3. 156. 
That historian calls him ** chaplain and kinsman 
to Whitgift," (Wharton, as we have seen below, 
•ays **nepas.'^) We also find him rector of Chis- 
Utf in Kent, (between Reculver and Thanet Isle,) 
heing then S.T. B. Aug. 12, 1592, which he re- 
^iigoed 1594; Chalmers Biog. Diet. 14. 512, 
'Crraiieously has it Chiflet He succeeded his 

G 2 

4y*i ^> >*' ;'^ 1*/ 



100 

brother Charles in thi$^ living, who also bad re- 
signed it. Hasted, Kent^ 3. 63 1, col. 2. 

Le Neve, Fasti, 18, correctly assigns him the 
1 1th stall at Canterbury from 1596 to 1618, his 
brother Charles, the dean, having in 1505, been 
nominated to the 4th. 

After having been prebendary of Canterbury 
22 years, he was, Apr. I8th, 1618, promoted 
to the bishoprick of Sarum, being consecrated at 
Lambeth. Wood ut sup. He enjoyed his ele- 
vation, however, scarcely a year, dying Mar. 11, 
1619. 

Sir E. Brydges, in his Restituta^ 2. 244, quotes 
Sir Anth. Weldon, as saying that Fotherby was 
promoted to the bishoprick of Sanim by the 
duke of Buckingham to whom he had paid 
3,500/. Weldon relates this ex auct. KeimH 
jMSS. I take it to be merely scandal ; and ques- 
tion if he ever had such a sum that he could so 
appropriate. While Bp. '* he had the honor of 
entertaining at Sarum K. Jame si. Aug. 2,1618.*' 
Restituta ut sup. 

The following, from a MS. note in the He- 
raids* College, is preserved in Bliss's Wooers 
Atli. Ox. 2. 860, ex auct. Rennet. 

** The right reverend Father in God, Martpe 
Fotherby, D.D. and Bp. of Salisbury, departed 
this mortal! life the Uth day of Marche 1619. 
and is buried in the parish churche of All haV 
lowes in Lombard Street. He married Margrel 



101 

daughter of Joh. Winter, one of the prebends 
\^the writer probably meant prebendaries — ^a com- 
mon error, confonnding the person and thing'] of 
the Cathedral Churche of Christe in Canterbury, 
by whom he had issue 5 sonnes and 4 daughters. 
Martyne, eldest sonne, dyed young: John, 2d 
son dyed younge : Charles, 3d son and heir, now 
tyving, aged 17 years or thereabouts at the tyme 
of his Father's death : Thomas, 4th sonne, now 
ly?inge, aged 1 1 yeares or thereabouts : Richard, 
5th Sonne, dyed younge : Cecilia, eldest daugh^ 
ter, unmarried, aged 19 yeares or thereabouts : 
Mary, 2d daughter, married to Mr. John Boyse, 
son and heir of Mr. Thomas Boyse of St. Grego- 
fies, near Canterbury, esq^ : Mary, 3d daughter, 
dyed younge : Elizabeth, 4th daughter, now 
lyvinge, aged 6 yeares or thereabouts." 

To the above we may add, from Hasted, 
Hist. Kent 3. 673, that the Bp. purchased the 
manor of Crixhall [in his will it is called Cink- 
sall], in the parish of Staple (over which, Adis- 
ham, of which he had been rector claims) from 
the Smiths, who had it of the Omesteds, and they 
(if the Tuckers, and they of the Banisters, and 
they of the Foggs. Thomas Fotherby, the Bp*s 
only surviving [4th] -son, possessed this manort 
and lies buried in Canterbury Cathedral with his 
S sons. The lip's elder brother Charles, suc- 
cessively, if not at the same time, archdeacon 
and dean of Canterbury, (Le N^ve, Fasti. 13,) 




102 

porchased Barham Court, in Kent, of the Bi 
hams, in the beginning of the reign of Jauies 
and died possessed of it in 1619. This Charlc 
only surviving son, Sir John Fotherby, Knt. v 
of Barham Court, and died 1666, whose f 
Charles succeeded, but dying s.p. 1677, g^vc 
by will to his brother Anthony, whose soti,Ca 
Chas. Fotherby, R.N. succeeded, and dying 171 
left issue 2 daughters and co-heirs, of wh 
Mary, the eldest, carried it first to her first hi 
band, Henry Mompesson, C^* Wilts, Esq. I 
having no issue by him, who died 1732, she c; 
ried it in 1735 to her 2d husband. Sir Edwa 
Dering^ Bart, of Surrenden, whose 2d Wife a 
was. It is now in the possession of that ancic 
family. 

The Bp. and his brother, the dean, had a gra 
of arms Feb. 28, 1605, from Wm. Camden, CI 
rencieux : *' G. a cross of lozenges O. to Charh 
of Burton, C^* Lincoln, and Martin, his 2d br 
ther,'* as Gwillim has it, who erroneotisly cal 
our Bp. ** dean of Canterbury,'* which he nev 
was. In Gwillim, as above, vol. 1, p. 373, c( 
1 , line 20, chap. xix. read — Chas. Fotherby, 
Burton, in Lincolnshire, archdeacon and afte 
wards dean of Canterbury»-and to Martin F 
therby, his 2d brother, prebendary [22 yeai 
never dean] of Canterbury, afterwards Bp. 
Sarum in 1618. For the correctness of t) 
emeiid^tion of Gwillim compare Wood's A 



103 

Ox.€d. Bliss, 2. 859; Hasted's Kent, 3. 753, 
(where this very passage is also quoted) 230 and 
673; Fuller's WorUiieSy edit 1811,2. 12 j Le 
Neve's Fasti 10, 12, 18 j Newcourt*s Repertor. 
J, 439. and the Epitaph, ut infra. 

Edmondstone styles them of Lincoln and Bar- 
ham, Co. Kent. He gives them ** 6. a cross 
composed of 9 lozenges. Crest — a falcon with 
wiogs expanded prop, beaked 0. holding in his 
mouth an acorn 0., leaved, Y.'* 

In the Marriage Register of All hallows 
Church, Lombard-street, the following entry oc- 
curs: "Nov. 17, 1623. Henry Cliflbrd, Gent, 
and Cecilia Ffotherby, the daughter of Dr. Mar- 
tyn Fotherby, lorde Bp. of Salisburie, were mar- 
ried by license.'' See Malcolm, Landin. Re- 
^m. 1. 56. 

Hasted says, " there is a pedigree of this 
family in the Visitation 9f Co. Kent, 1619, in the 
Heralds' Office, book D. 18. f. 18." Hist. Kent. 
3. 755. col. 1. note. 

. Bp. Fotherby was buried, as we have already 
observed, in All-hallows or All Saints Church, 
IxMnbard Street, ** and soon after," as Wood 
adds, *^ a very fair monument was erected over 
iris grave, with a large inscription thereon, but 
destroyed by the great fire that happened in Lon- 
don in 1666. Stow, under All-hallows Church, 
nerer once alludes to it. The inscription how- 
^^^ has l>een fortunately preserved, and may be 




104 

found in Ricbard8on*8 edition of Godwin, p. 3d7« 
Tlie following is a copy : 

'* Depupitam 

Rev^- in Christo patris ac D. D. Martini Fotuerby olim Sarii- 
buriensisEpiscopiqoi ex antiqaa et g^enerosa de Grimsbj magnt 
in Com. Line. famiKa oriundns t Cantabrigiam inde aodtu et 
Ck>ll. S. Trinitalis Soeius meritisaime oooptatns, singulis atqie 
ordini sammis Acaderoias gradibas est insignitus. Hie post- 
qaam Celebris, EcolesiaB Gathedratts ae Metropolilic» X^ Can- 
tuariensis Prebendarius annos 29 perdarasset; tandem psr 
sercnissimnm Regem Jaooburo, eai et a sacris erat, ad Bpiseo- 
patum Sanim evectus est. Ylxit omni seientianim hamana- 
rum, divinanim genere vir instructissimas ; concionator idem 
disertissimas ; bseresin etbypocrisin Taljdissime perosas; vitss- 
que ac moram tnm gravitate, turn snavitate eximins ; exteriorl 
corporis decoi« spect|d>ilis ; politiori sermonis elegantia prmr 
stans: potioribas animi dotibas adomatu9, memoria nempe 
lldeli, ingenio faBlicI* jndicio acri, et in rervm administratioae 
pradentia ^dmjrabiJi; QinnibQS aane naoserii qaos |iunuui% 
capit condito adeo consammatus, nt vel primariis viris facile 
exsequaodosy nullis exuperaliidus asset. Adversos Atheoa doc- 
tissimnm opos institait ; cajas aaspicium et quasi vestilnilom 
Londini (beul rooriens) typls mandandum reliqnit. Corpns 
bio sepoicro donari petiit sab beata resarreolioais spe* Spi- 
ritumipse saum immortalem Patri spiritoam pie placidoqno 
reddidit nndedmp Mart^i anno aene Cbristianc I910, sslatif 



>." 



Sir Egerton Brydges, ReHituta ut 9up. in the 
brief sketch of this prelate^s preferments^ omits 
the rectories of Chartham. Chistlet, and St. Mary- 
le-bow« as well as his appointment as fellow of 
Chelsea CoUege, &jc. but he records one pnefer<p 
ment of which I was not aware. He says ^< ha 
was collated to the church of Great Mongeham, 
Kent, 8 June, 1596." The Synopsis of Bp. 
Fothj^rby *s prefer men jts wojuid ^tajnd thus ; Becr 



105 

tor of Cbislet, Kent, 1502-— resigned 1504 — 
Rect. of St. M ary-le-bow Lond. 1504— resign* 
1594— Chaplain to Abp. Whitgift 1505— Rector 
of Chartham, and 6. Mongeham, Kent, 1506 — 
Preb. of Cant, the same year — Rect. of Adi- 
sbani with Slaple, Kent, 1601— Fellow of CheU 
sea College, 1610— and Bp. of Sarum, 1618. 

PubUcatums* Wood observes that he hath 
extant, at least ybicr Sermons^ besides his Alheo- 
nuuUXf which being put into the press before his 
death was not published till 1622. fol.— Todd, in 
his DeanMofCant. 83-4, adds, that his 4 sermons 
were published in 1608, and that to them is ad- 
ded ** An answer unto certaine chfectians of one 
umretolced as conceminff the use of the crosse in 
haptism.^^ 

Bp. Godwin has merely noticed this prelate 
in the following terms: '* Successit Martinus 
Potherby. S. T. D. consecratus 10 Ap. 1618. 
Temporis diutumitate quo pr«fuit antecessore 
oihilo fselicior nondum biennio completo [he 
might more correctly have said anno nondum cir- 
conacto] debitum* naturee persolvit mense Martio 
sob fitiem anni 1610. Ceetera pro me narrabit 
fipitaphium frontispicio tumuli inscriptum, in 
IScclesif Omnium Sanctorum visendum Londini 
in vico vuigo Lombard Street nuncgpato/' 

>rttf.r-Bp, Fotherby's will,dated Mar. 8, 1610, 
will be found at Doctors' Commons in Soame, 
jp. 28. (See in tbat boojk a beautiful portrait of 




H16 

Stephen Soaine, lord mayor of London, A. H 
1G13. i^t.73. which stands us the frontispiece ~: 
the volume called after him.) 1 he witnesses ai^ 
Margaret Fotherby, Fras. Dee (his brother-ia. 
law), John Boys (his son-in-law),- Cecilia Fc 
tberby and Mary Boys (his. daughters) .—H 
leaves directions that if he should die near Los 
don, his body should be buried in All-hallow 
Church. J01(H) is appropriated for a monumoB 
To his wife jOdOO^ who is left sole guardian < 
bis sons Charles and Thomas. His library to Im 
eldest son Charles, if he takes Orders, otherwit 
ta Jiis son Thomas (whom he recommends i 
study in the inns of court) if he should prefer tl 
Church. His *' lands at Ashmarshe, Romoc 
Marsbe, Cinksall, (one of which estates he piv 
chajsed of Dudley Digges, as he observes) to h 
«m Charles. To his bi^other [in-law] ^< Mr. I>i 
Dee/' he gives ** Ortelius all at large in Mappes. 
To bis sister, Mrs* Dee^ ** that guilt cnppe whic 
bis father [in-law] Winter [see ped.] gave ant 
hisson [in-law] Martyn.*' His '* saddle geldin 
to Sir Robert Naunton.'*— By his wiU it a[^peai 
he left two unmarried daughters at the time c 
his death, jElizabeth and Cecilia.— The marriag 
of Ike latter in 1623, with Henry Clifford^ m 
have already noticed. 



107 



Vlll. ROBERT TOWNSON. 

SuccESSiT A. D. 1G20.— Obiit A, D. 1621. 

The fdlowing: brief record of this prelate is 
all that occurs in Bp. Godwin :— '* Jul* 9, I620t 
consecratus est in Episcopum hujus ecclesiae Ro* 
bertus Tou[w^n$on. S. T« D« et Westmonasteri^- 
ensis decanus. Hie etiam exiguo tempore coo- 
secrationi suae superstes, anno nimirum nondum 
circumacto ab^hac luce subtractus est circa me- 
dium mensis Maii proxiine sequentis/* Richard- 
son, p*357» erroneously styles him of *^ coll regal.'* 
—he should have written ** Coll regin." The same 
author says he was a native of the parish of St. 
Botolpby Cambridge, and chaplain to K, Jas. !• 

A. Wood, in the AthetuB Oxon. edit. 1815, 2. 
860, article Abbot, thus notices him :— 

*< After him [Fotherby] succeeded Dr. Robert 
Tounson or Tonson, dean of Westminster, some- 
time fellow of Queen's CoU. in Cambridge, who 
was contecrated thereto Jul. 9, 1620."— -And >in 
ikke JPii^/s, among the incorporations under the year 
1599, pt. 1, col. 283, he odds :— -<' Robert Toun- 
son, M. A. of the said Univ. [Cambridge] was in- 
corporated on the same day [Jul. 5]. He was 
about this time* fellow of Queen's College there, 
and was after%vards D. D. [and] Dean of West- 
minster, in the {dace of Dr. Geo. Mountaigne, pro* 



108 

moted to the sec of Lincoln, an. 1617. [ 
16." Widmore, Hist. St. Pel. Ch. Wesln 
and at length Bp. of Sarum ; to which 
was consecrated at Lambeth by the Abp. 
assistants [the Bps. of] Lincoln, Rochest< 
Chester, on the 9th July, 1610 [a misp 
1620.] He died in a mean condition, 1^ 
1621, and was buried on the S. side oft! 
aisle, over against St. Edmund's chappel, 
Peter'fi Church, within the city of Westn 
leaving then behind him a widow, name 
ganet, and 15 children/' " There is nc 
of the place of his interment,'' says Dart 
Westm. Abbey, vol. 2, p. xi. — ^Fuller ol 
^ He left his wife and many children, 
plentifully provided for, nor destitute of i 
nance, which rather hastened than cant 
advancement of John Davenant, his brot 
law, to succeed him in the bishoprick." 
Hist. B. 10, p. 91, f 35. 

To the above we may add the noti< 
pended to the new edition of the Ath. O 
860.—" fiobertus Tounson Cantabrigie 
missus isiizator Coll. regin. Cant. Dec. 28. 
Reff. lieffin.^^-* R. Tounson, Cantabr. i 
sociusColl. Regin. Sept. 2, 1597." Hef/i 
Bakek.— " 16 Feb. 1606, Robertus T< 
8. T. P. ad rect. de Olde, alias Wolde, '.i 
Will. Tate de ia Pre in Com. North'ton, 
Fraacisci Tale, armig." Meff. Dave. Pt 



109 

" 3 Ansr. 1620, Jacobus Foraithe, A. M. ad rect. 
de Oulde ex pres. regis, per promot. Roberti 
TounaoD, S. T. P. ad e'patum Sarum/' Regf. 
Peirib. Kennst. Fastif J. 383, note. 

A very curious and interesting letter by this 
prelate, \?hile dean of Westminster, relating to 
the last behaviour of Sir Walter Raleigh, dated 
'* Westminster Coll. Nov. 9, 1618," may be seen 
iQ 6utch*s Collectanea 2. 421, and in Wood^s 
Aih. Oxon. 2. 247, article Raxeigh. 

Character. — *' Bp. Tounson was of a comely 
carriage, courteous in .nature, — an excellent 
preRcher.''-Fuller, Church Hist. B.IO, p.01 ,f 35. 

** He was a person of singular piety, elo- 
quence, and humility." Bp. Hacket, Life of 
Abp. Williams J p. 44. 

Turner, in his MS. Hist. Westm. Abb. de- 
sK^ribes him as a man *^ of graceful presence, and 
au excellent preacher." 

Family Notices. — The Bp.'s daughter, Ger- 
trude, married James Harris, Esq. of the Close, 
Sarum, whose family became ennobled in the 
person of his lineal descendant, the late worthy 
^nd highly respected Earl of Malmesbury — a no- 
bleman, who, for his diplomatic talents, culti- 
vated mind, and sterling virtues, will long be re- 
niembered sis an ornament at once to his country 
and to human nature. 

Bp. Townson's widow (who had been 1^1 ar- 
ST^ret Davenant, sister of Townson's successor in 



110 

tkt bishoprick) died 13 years after the Bp. viz. 
IB 16S4, and was baried in Sarum Cathedral. 
Her roonamental inscription, which is preserved 
in Le Neve, Monumenta Anglicana^ 1. 156/ and 
Antiq* Salish. p. 125, is as follows : — 

" Depositum 

Mar^retee Townson, Roberti reverendiss. 
super hujus ecclesiae Episcopi, relicUBj nee non 
Domini Johannis, qui nunc eidem pnesidet (apud 
quern xiii annos vidua don^um solatiumque inve- 
nit) sororis sanctissimas, prndentissimceque fee- 
minee juxta reconditum Jesn Cbristi adventom 
preestolatur. Obiit (annos nata XLIX.) Octob. 
XXIX. MDCXXXIIIi;*— This monument ap. 
pears to have been erected in 1664. The Armii 
may be thus blazoned — G. 5 cross crosslets fitche 
in Saltire betw. 4 escallops O. for Tonmsan^ im- 
paling 1st and 4lh G. 8 cross crosslets fitchee O. 
betw. 3 escallops Erm. — 2d and 3d vairy, S and 
Arg. a Canton Arg. for DavenanL 

In Sarum Cathedral is a mural tablet record- 
ing the following members of the Harris fa- 
mily : — 

** James Harris, son of Thomas, of Orcheston 
St. George, in this county. He died 1679, aged 
74. He married Gertnide, dau. of Robert Town- 
son, Bp. of this diocese. — Thomas Harris, son of 
the above James and Gertrude, died 1678, aged 
36.-^James Harris, of this Close, son of the above 
Thomas.— James, eldest son of the above James, 




Ill 

by Lady EViz. Cowpcr. — Thomas, brother of the 
last mentioned James (Master in Chancery), and 
the Hon. Geo. Harris/' 8cc. 

Armg. — Gwillim ascribes the arms we have 
already stated, to Ralph Townson, a Northamp<>' 
tonsbire man. M. A. and senior student of Ch: Ch: 
son of Robert T. sometime Bp. of Samm, which 
Ralph died 8 Sept. 1678, aged aboat 65, and was 
buried in Ch: Ch: Cath."— UmrWfy 1, 247. 

Qasere. — ^If Archdeacon Townson, who died 
1792 (see Gent. Mag. 1792, pp. 573, 588) was 
descended from the Bp.? or John Townson, 
Esq. many years a Director of the E. India 
Oompany,* and twice M. P. for Milborne Port, 
wlio died 1797 ? (see Gent Mag. 1797, p. 261, 
1 796, p. 388, and 1802, Pt. 1, p. 496.) 



IX. JOHN DAVENANT. 

SuccEssiT A. D. 1C21. Obiit A. D. 1641. 

Bishop Davenant was born May 20, 1572, in 
London, (&r epitaph.) Richardson (p. 358 note,) 
and VuWer (Worthies 2. 67, edit. 1811,) say in 
Walling. street, and that he was descended from 
the old family of Davenant, in Essex, " the first 
of whom that occurs," as Morant records (Hist. 
Essex, Hinckford Hund. 2. 290,) " was Sir John 
I^avenant, living in the reign of Henry III. at 




112 

Hedingham Sibil/* <' Of this family" he adda, 
** was Dr. John Davenant, Bp. of Salisbury.'* 

Fuller, ut sup. says his father was a wealtlijr 
citizen : the Bp. received his education at Queen's 
College, Cambridge, (vid epit,) Fuller calls him 
a fellow commoner ; but Chalmers {Biog. JDicL 
2. 203) says he was admitted a peMumetf July 
4, 1587. The latter author places his deg^ree of 
A. M. at 1594— B. D. 1601, and D. D. 1609. 
He was chosen a fellow Sept. 2, 1507, after tfae 
death of his father, who would not permit him to 
accept a fellowship on account of his plentiful 
fortune. When only 36, in 1608-0 (Le Neve. 
Fasti. 410) he was appointed Lady Margaret*! 
professor of divinity. He was also one of the 
university preachers in 1600 and 1612. The 
20th Oct. 1614, (Chalmer's Bioff. Diet, ut sup.) 
he was elected president of his college. He re- 
tained the headship 8 years, till Apr. 20, 1621. 
So Le Neve Fasli. p. 410.— 1621 is probably the 
right date, as he no doubt resigned, on his ad- 
vancement to the prelacy in 1621, but Mr. Chal- 
mers, article Davenant, has it 1622. 

Havins: attracted the notice of that theolo- 
gical monarch, James I. he was sent in 1618 io 
the synod of Dort, where tha.questioii, termed 
the 5 points, or principal heads of the Calvinia- 
tic heresy, was agitated, and which this prelatei 
who had unhappily imbibed those dangerous and^ 
absurd doctrines, supported with a degree of t3.- 



118 

(id ingemiity which wcmld have graced abet- 
nse. Davenant had adopted the snpra-lap- 
i hypothesis, t • e. of uncoDditionate predes- 
)n in the utmost sense!* The other divines 
ated with Davenant in the missioki to the 
of Dort were, George Carleton, D.D. then 
[> of Landafi; and afterwards of Chichester; 
ih Hally D.D. then dean of Worcester, and 
irards bishop, successively, of Exeter and 
ich ; and Samoel Ward, D. D. master of 
y Sussex College, Cambridge, and arch- 
in of Taunton. They embarked, Oct. 17, 
d at Middleburgh the 20th, came to the 
le the 27th of the same month, and thence 
^ed to Dort, where the Synod, was opened 
3, O. S. and ended Ap. 29. They came 
to England May 7. During their stay in 
ind these 4 divines had 10/. a day allowed 
by the states, and a present of 200/. at their 
tore, for their charges, besides a golden 
1 to each, on which was represented the 
I sitting/' Middleton. Evang. Biog. 3. 147. 
oon after bis return home, he was, in 1621, 
nted bishop of Sarum,. being consecrated 
18, (Reg. Abbot, pt. 2. f. 60. See also Le 



ir a luminouB statement of the modlBcatioiis of this dreadful doctrine, 
iatnphant exposure of its absurdity and danger, see RefiitatUm ofCal* 
by Sir Geo. Tomline, Bart. D. D. now bisliop of Winchester. 

HT II. H 




114 

N^ve. Aips. pt. 1. p. 100.) in the chapel be^ 
loD^ng to the bishop of London^t palace, by tbe 
bishops of LoDdoD, Worcester, Bly, Chichettaff 
and Oxford, doubts being at that time eater* 
tained of the regularity of archbishop Abbot's 
consecrations, in consequence of his hariagt 
though accidentally, caused the death oi a 
by shocking him with a cross-bow. 

Bishop Davenant, in Lent, IdSO-l, incurrd \ 
the displeasure of the court by a sermon preached 
before the king at Whitehall, in which he wm 
weak enough to advance some of his Calviniitic 
notions respecting pi'edestination*— a subject into ' 
which the king had very properly, by the m^- 
gestion of Laud, enjoined that ** all curious seareh 
should be laid aside." This injunction waspll^ < 
fixed to the 39 articles. See Aikin's t^^ 
Usher and Selden, notes, p. 400.— Davenant wsi 
in consequence summoned before the privy coan- 
cil, where he aggravated his fault by endeavoiuv 
ing to prove that those doctrines were contaiaed 
in the 17th article, and that he thought thekiag'tf 
injunction was not to be interpreted as extending 
to any doctrine contained therein,'' — a remaika- 
ble instance of prelatical special-pleading, ei- 
hibiting a fine illustration of the /le/i/tb prmc^ 
After much cavilling and quibbling he was dis- 
missed with a caution not to infringe again the 
royal mandate against the introduction of those 
errors into the pulpit, and was at length even ad- 



115 

mitted to kiis the king's hand, though he wag 
never afterwards thoroughly in favour again at 
court. A long and uninteresting account of this 
examination is recorded in Fuller's Church Hist. 
book xi. p. 140 — Biog. Diet, article Davenant^ 
and in Middleton's Evangel. Biog. vol. 3. p. 148. 
Archbishop Harsnet, in a speech before the coun- 
cil on the occasion, justly commented on the 
boidneas of bishop Davenant's offence, and the 
inoonveniences it was likely to draw after it. 

Lloyd, under the article Davsnant, Me-^ 
flMm» p. 281. liond. fol. 1668, supplies us with 
the following information : 

^ He died of an old consumption, improved 
with new g^ef for the misery of those times 
wUch he fore-saw sad, and saw dangerous, April 
I64I9 being (tho' his father was a citizen living 
in Watling-street, London) extracted of an an- 
cient family of Davenanfs land in Essex ; he 
was remarkably born in the seventh month after 
CMMeption (and such births well looked to prove 
ir^foroos)* and as remarkably preserved in the 
fint half seven years from his birth, falling down 
ta high pair of stairs, and rising at the bottom 
with so little harm that he smiled. (They say, 
when Crysomes smile, it is because of some in- 
terocmrse between them and the little one's guar- 



• FnUer here alludef to the passage in Ovid, ic tritt'thut-Mh. iv. Eleg. 10. 
i^w uflNis BDle qvater mensibus ortus erat. 

h2 




116 

dian angels ; vhen this infant smiled, it was cer* 
tainly at the preservation of him by sach an are 
gel») and beyond all these preferred, when (bis 
father in his life time not allowing him to be a 
fellow, no more than he would his rich relations; 
to one of whom he said, when he bad given bii 
voice against him : '' Cousin, I will satisfie your 
father that you have worth, but not want enough 
to be one of our society'") he was, against hn 
will made fellow of Queen's, the Provost [Presi- 
dent] alleging to him that preferment was not 
always a relief for want, but sometimes an en- 
couragement for worth ; and against 7 competi- 
tors made Margnret Professor (Dr. Whitacre 
having, when present at some of his youthful ex^ 
ercises, the earnest of his future maturity, pro- • 
nounced that he would in time prove the honor 
of the university) when but a private fellow of a 
college, and before three others chosen master 
of Queen's, when not 40 years of age, and bidicf 
of Sarum upon the death of Dr. Toulson [Tows* 
son]^ his brother in law, that he might proride 
for his sister and her numerous family, wbeaho 
had not a friend at court but the king.f Tbe 
rest of his life take in this epitaph:-— 



* A dmfltf error occurs in the abridged cditioo of birfiop Hacket't W 
qfArMUkop miBtmt. Lond. I7I6. 80. p. 10. line 2S. whet«, fiw TbiMB, 
itad Townton. 



t Hm expreaioii if mnewhat singular— one should wppom tktt ml 

A^^^HOa •W#SlPr ^ff^^RFMPnvv 






lit 



*t 



Hie jacet omBigenae eruditionis modeste 
Epitome. Cui jadicium quod asservit 
Maxiine difieretioram, 

quieqaid uspiam est literarum Hebraicaram 
Ethnicaram, aut Christianamm 
Omnes lingoas, artes et historias 
qalcquid prssdicarunt 
patres, disputarunt scholastici 

decreverunt oonsilia 
in sobriam paeificam, et practicam concoxit 
Thcologiam. 
Quae in concionibus dominata est, Sobolis 
Imperavit, et Synodis * leges dedit 
Prudens pariter ac simplex, 
ille, ille cui f severior Tita quam 
opinio ; ut pote strictios vitam 
agensy quam sententiam, (Doctrina 
magna lux ecolesise, | exempio major) 
Cujus libri omnes una hao notabantur 

Inscriptione Prapuit qui Profuit, 
qui § Regem venerabatur, sod et timebat 
Deum) non tam suo, quam publico morbo 
soccubuit Aprilis 3, 1641. extremam 
in hsec verba agens animam ; — 

' Tantum religio potuit suadere malorum.' 



ft 



* *'^ Bojermans confesied that Dr. Davoiant*i experience and ikiU in the 
laws add histories gave them directions for the better ordering of their debates 
and voteai and it was he that told Abp. Laud when he would have exoommu^ 
Dicaled Bp. Goodman upon a third admonidon, pronounced by him three- 
quaxtecs of an hour in these words : Mjr Lord of Glocestcr, I admonished you 
to subscribe, && — that he doubted that procedure was not agreeable to the 
laws of the diurch in general, or this land in pardcula?, whereupon his lord* 
flbip thanked him and desisted.^ 



«« 



-f- When going oat from a birfKyp*8 house, where he met with loose com^ 
pany, and the bishop proffexed to light him down stairs, ^ Mj Lord,* said he, 
^ Let us light others by our unblameable conversation ;* though otherwise 
more sensible of his own infirmities than others, being humble, and therefore 
charitable. When a child and soothed by the servants, that ^^ Johm did not 
so,** or so, &c he would say, ^* it wot John only did so.*' 

X Submitting humbly to his migesty abeut the sennon against the ldng*s 
declaration for silencing all disputes about the 6 articles, 16M, saying that be 
might be indiscreet, but could not be disobedient. 

§ Therefore once he would not ride on Sunday to go to Court, though 
sent for. 



lie 

Fuller (Worthies edit. 1811, 2, 67), wfcoli 
copied a good deal of the above, adds, that takii 
his leav^ of the colledge (Queen^s), and of o 
John Rolfe, an ancient servant thereof, he desii 
him to pray for him, and when the other modesl 
replied, that he rather needed his lordshij 
prayers : " Yea, John,*' said he, " and I ne 
thine too, being now to enter into a calling wbei 
in I shall meet with many and great temptatiom 
— ^Dr« Nicholas, afterwards dean of St. Paul 
preached an excellent sermon at his intermei 
Fuller ut sup. 

Wood, in his Fasti, edit. Bliss, p. 283, i 
1559^ ex auct. Camden in Annal. R. Jac. 1, IM 
sub an. 1651, mentions that Davenant, '' on I 
appointment to the bishoprick, received a coi 
mand from the King, that he should not ta 
unto him a wife." Queere. 

Benefactions. — Among other charitable ac 
he gave to Queen's Coll. Camb. the perpei 
advowsons of the rectories of Cheverel Mac 
and Newton Tony, Wilts, and a rent charge 
31/. 105.. per ann. for the founding of 2 Bi 
Clerkships and buying books for the library 
the College." — Middleton Evan. Biog. 3, 14 

Publications. — 1 . Expositio Epistolte D. Pi 
ad Colossenses, fol. The 3d edit, was printed 
Camb. 1639. It is the substance of lectures n 
by him as Lady Margaret Prof. So were a 
the following :— 2. Preelectiones de duobns in Th^ 



119 



ctmtraversig capUibus : de Judice Cantrtwersiar^ 
primo: deJusiitia hahituali et actuali^ altera, &c. 
i CmU. 1031 9 foL (This may be seen in Somers's 
i Tracts, 3, 297.)— 3. In 1634 he published the 
I qoestioDft he had disputed on in the schools, 49 in 
[ Domber, under this title : Determinati&nes QtueS" 
tmum quarundam Theoloyioarumf fol.— 4. Ani- 
[ madversions on a Treatise lately published [by 
; S. Hoard] and entituled * God's love to mankind 
[ manifested by disproving his absolute decree for 
I their damnation/ Camb. 1641, 8^ 
I Bp. Davenant died Ap. 20, 1641. Walker, 
in his Sufferingi of the Clergy, pt. 2, p. 62, ob- 
lerves, '^ though this R. Rev. Prelate died in the 
year 1641 , yet he had a taste of the miseries and 
safferings, which were then coming in fuller mea- 
nre upon the Church. But his successor [Duppa] 
drank much deeper of that bitter cup,*' &c. 
He was buried in Sarum Cathedral, where there 

ft 

is a mural tablet to bis memory in ^* the S. aisle of 
the choir, nearly opposite to the altar tomb to the 
memory of fip.^Capon." Hist. SaUsb. Cath. 217. 
The following is the inscription : 





120 



itonuMatoniitt onuiiaiB 

iOHANNIS DAVENANTII 

Iftinime perenne, qnid loquator audi. 

Natvs Londini Anno Cbiisd 1672 Mau die 20 

Cantabrigi» in CoUeg^o Reginali 

bonis Uteris opeam faelicem dedit, 

Cajns earn Sooietate esse! meritlMinie dimalas 

^tatemq. et doctrinas et momm gravitate superaret. 

Cam nondam plares qaam 36 annos namerasset, 

D. Mar^aretaB in S. Theologia Professor est eloctas 

Celebremqae prius Cathedram longe omatiorem reddidit 

Intra qaadriennium mox CoDegii sai Pnesldens factas est 

Coi dabiam Rector an BeneftictcHr proftierit magis 

Tarn vero a screnissimo et in rebus Theologicis 

Perspicacissimo Rege, Jacobo, honorifice misses 

Synodo Dordraoensi magna pars interfaity 

Tandem hujasce Diocaoseos Sarib" Episcopus 

Anno 1621 die Novembris VIII* consecratas est. 

Cni velut yivom exemplar antiquitatis venerande 

Universas Primitivi Praesulis partis cxplevit 

Atque ita per 20 pene annos haic Ecclesiae praDfait 

Snmmo tum bonoram omnium, turn etiam hostium, 

Consensu optimus, & vel inde felicissimus 

Quod minam sedis, cum superesse per astatcra nop potuit, 

Prinsquam oculis conspieeret, vivere desierit, 

Anno scilicet Christi MDCXLI. Aprilis die xx. 

Will. — Bp. Davenant's will is in the office 
of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, register 
Evelyn, f. 101. It bears date Jan. 29, 1637. 
Proved Jul. 23, 1641. He directs that his bod/ 
shall be buried in Sarum Cathedral. He be- 
queaths to the cathedral " ^200, to be employed 
for the benefit of it" — to the dean and each of the 
residentiaries 20 shillings each, for rings-^and 
at his funeral he directs that 40 poor persons shall 
have gowns bestowed on them. To his brother, 

' r— — • --^ 

• Rectius XVIII. 



k 



121 

Williaoi Davenanty he gives one of his sadiile 
gekliogs and j£40 — to his nephew, John Dave- 
nant, of Whiddy, jClOO— to the three daughters 
of his sister Fuller, viz. Elizabeth, Anne, and 
Margaret, «£dO each—- to his nephew, John, son 
of his brother William Davenant, «£?20, on his 
taking the degree of A.M.— to his nephew, Thos. 
Fuller, B. D. J04 ; and to Thomas's brother 
John, j£20y on his taking the degree of A. M. — 
to John Townson, eldest son of his sister, Mar- 
garet Townson (wife of Bp. T.) jf 4— to Ralph 
Townson, a younger son, jC20, ** on his taking his 
next degree in schools"— to Margaret, daughter 
of his said sister Townson, (which Margaret, it 
appears, married John Rives, archdeacon of 
Berks,) a feather bed, silver college cup, &c. — 
to GertrudeTownson, his niece, (afterwards wife 
of Jamas Harris, Esq.) a feather bed and J040. 
He names also his sister Townson's other daugh- 
ters, viz. Ellen Henchman, to whom he leaves a 
bedstead and a silver college cup — Anne Cooke--* 
Judith White (wife of James White, B. D.)— 
Maria Hyde— »his niece, Margaret Palmer — his 
brothers, James and Ralph Davenant, and Eli* 
zabeth North, Ralph's daughter — Catherine, wife 
of his nephew, Edward Davenant, D. D, — and 
Alexander Hyde, subdean of Sarura, (afterwards 
%• of Sarum.) He ratifies his gift of the rectory 
of Newton Toney to Queen's College^ Cambridge. 
^^ a codicil, he says his will is in the custody of 
*Iugh Grove the elder, in tlie Close of iSarum. — 




122 

He adds that Humphrey Henchman, D. D. (af- 
terwards Bp. of Sarum,) and Tho. Clark, stand 
seized in fee of the advowson of Newton Toney, 
, C^- Wilts, and that they are to have the first pre- 
sentation and the disposal thereof at the next 
avoidance. — Rob.Grove is a witness to the codunl. 
Famify Notices. — It appears that Bps. Tovm- 
son, Davenant, Henchman, and Hyde, were all 
connected by marriage. We find fi'om the monu- 
mental inscription to the memory of Abp. Lam- 
plugh, in York Cathedral, (see Drake's Hist. 
York, 1. 09, and Wood Ath. Ox. 4. 880,) that the 
Bp. had a brother Edward, who held the follow- 
ing preferments in Sarum Cath. : the Prebend of 
Ilfracombe 1623 (Fa^ft 1. 391); Archdeaconry of 
Berks 1630 {ih. 1. 385), resign. 1634 (1. 386); 
Treasurership of Sarum 1634 ( 1 . 343). He was 
also Rector of Gillingham, where he died in 1679 
(2. 291). This Edw. D. had a dau. Catherine, 
bom at Gillingham Jan. 31, 1632, who married 
Thos. Lamplugh, afterwards Abp. of York, and 
by him had 5 children, of whom Thos. was the 
survivor and the erector of the monument in YoiIl 
Cathedral. The Abp. died 1691, and his wife 20 
years before that date. The latter at Kensington, 
and was buried in Charlton Church. Le Neve, 
Ahps. York^ p. 271. There was a James Dave- 
nant, Proctor of the University of Oxford in 1669. 
Wood Fastiy 2. 304 ; and Ralph, Rector of Step- 
ney sine curd 1668, and Rect. of St. Mary, White- 
chapel, 1668. Wood Fa^li, 1, 162. I do not find 



123 

any relationship between the Bp. and Sir Will. 

D. the poet, tho* the brother of the latter, Robert, 

bad preferment in Samm Cath. He was B. D. 

St. John's. Wood calls him '< Preb. elect of 

Sarum, as *tis said in the pnbl. reg/' ut sup. 2. 

299.— Sir Corbet Corbet, Bart of Stoke, C^* 

Salop, (1786,) formerly D'Ayenant, is descended 

irom the same family as the Bp.— JBarcmeto^, 

1819, vol. 2, p. 377. 

Aabrey, in his MSS. (see Letters from the 
Bodkian, 3 vols. 8^' Lond. 1813, vol. 2, p. 300,) 
8»ys, '* When Bp. Coldwell came to this bishop- 
rick, he did lett long leases, which were bnt 
newly expired when Bp. Davenant came to this 
see ; so that there tumbled into his coffers vast 
rammes. His predecessor, Dr.Tounson, married 
his sister, continued in the see but a little while, and 
left severall children unprovided for, so the King 
or rather the Duke of Bucks, gave Bp. Davenant 
the bishoprick out of pure charity. S'- Anth, 
^^eldon says 'twas the only bish(^rick y^ he dis- 
posed of without symony, all others being made 
ii^NF^rchandise of for the advancement of his kin- 
^■"ed. Bp. Davenant being invested, married all 
"^9 nieces to clergie-men, so he was at no expence 
roi^ their preferment. He granted to his nephew 
(this Dr.) [that is Edward] the lease of the great 
»«innoar of Poterne, worth about 1,000 lib. per 
^ln., made him treasurer of the church of Sarum, 
^f which the corps is the parsonage of Calne^ 




1-24 

w^^ vfM esteemed to be of the like value, 
made Reverall purchases, all w^i> he left him ; 
somuch as the churchmen of Sarum say, tba 
grained more by this church than ever any i 
did by the church since the ReformatioDf 
take it very unkindly that, at his death, he 
nothing (or about 50 lib.) to that church wl 
was the source of his estate. [Aubrey is wi 
here. The Bp. left 200/. to Sarum Cathe< 
$6e our extracts from his will in a subseqi 
page.] How it happened I know not, or hoi 
might be workt on in his old age, but 1 1: 
heard severall yeares since, he had sett d< 
500 lib. in his will for the Cath. Gh. of Sam 
Aubrey thus speaks of the Bp's brother, Ed w 
and of the Bp's father : ** Edward Davenant 

the eldest son of Davenant, mercl 

of London, who was elder brother to the Ri 
Rev. Father in God, the learned John Daven 
Bp. of Sarum. I will first speake of the fati 
for he was an incomparable man in his time, 
deserves to be remembered. He was of a heal 
complexion, rose at 4 or 5 in the morning, so 1 
he followed his studies till 6 or 7, the time t 
other merchants goe about their busitiesse j 
that stealing so much and so quiet time in 
morning, he studied as much as most men. 
understood Greeke and Latin perfectly, and ' 
a better Grecian than the Bp. He writt a i 
Greeke character as ever I sawe. He wa 



125 

gfrent mathematician, and understood as much of 
it as was knowen in his time. Dr. Davenant, his 
son, hath excellent notes of his father's, in ma« 
theniatiques, as also in Greeke, & *twas no small 
advantage to him to have such a learned father 
to imbue arithmetical! knowledge into him when 
a l>oy, at night times when he came from schoole 
(IVIerchant Taylors'). He understood trade very 
well, was a sober and good manager, but the 
winds and the seas crost him. He had so great 
losses that he broke, but his creditors knowing it 
wsts no fault of his, and else that he was a person 
of great vertue and justice, used not extremity 
to^vards him, but I thinke gave him more credit, 
so that he went into Ireland and did sett up a 
fishery for pilchards at Withy Inland, in Ireland, 
where in ... . yeares he gott 10,000 lib. satis- 
fied and payd his creditors, and over and above, 
left a good estate to his son. His picture be- 
speaks him to be a man of judgment and parts, 
and gravity extraordinary. There is written 
Esmpe^to. He slipt coming downe the stone 
8ta.jres at the palace at Sarum, which bruise 
<^tased his death. He lyes buried in the S aisle 
of the choire of Sarum Cath. behind the Bp's stall. 
H[is son sett up and made an inscription for him. 
Dr. Edward Davenant was borne at his father*s 
>^ouse at Croydon, in Surrey, (the farthest hand. 
Bonne great house on the left hand as you ride to 
ft lasted Downes,) A. D I have heard 




Taylors' scbooU from theoce to Queea'sC 
in Cambridge, of which house his unc 
Dareoant (afterwards Bp. of Samm) n 
where be profited very well, [and] was 
"Whea hi!) uncle was preferred to the cl 
Samm, he made his nephew treasure 
church, which is the best digoity, and g 
the Yicaredge of Gillingham, in Com. 
and then Faulshot parsonage, neer the 
which last, in the late troubles, he resign 

wife's brother Gboye. He v 

dyeingday of great diligence in study, we 
in all kinds of learning, but his genius < 
strongly incline him to the mathen 
wherein he bas written (in a hand as Ic 
print) MSS. in 4*'>- a foot high at least. 
often heard him say (jestingly) that h< 
have a man knockt in the head that shoi 
any thing in matliematiques that had beer 
of before. I have heard S'- Christophi 
say, that he does beleeve he was the bes 



127 

is hard by his house. His wife was a very clis^ 
creek and excellent huswife, that he troubled 
hinuelfe about no mundane affaires, and 'tis a pri- 
vate place, that he was but little diverted with 
vi«tt& I have writt to his executor, that we 
amy have the honour and favour to conserve his 
HSS. in the library of the R. Societie, and to 
print what is fitt. I hope I shall obtain my de- 
«re. He had a noble library, which was the 
aggregate of his father's, the Bp's and his owne. 
He was of middling stature, something spare and 
weake, feeble leggs, he had sometimes the goute, 
was of great temperance ; he alwayes drank his 
beer at meales with a toast, winter and summer, 
and said it made the beer the better. He was not 
only a man of vast learning, but of g^eat good- 
nen and charity ; the parish, and all his friends, 
will have a great losse in him. He tooke no use 
for money upon bond. He was my singular 
good friend, and to whom I have been more be- 
lK)lding than to any one beside : for I borrowed 
SOOL of him for a yeare and a halfe, and I could 
iMtt fasten any interest on him. He was very 
ready to teach and instruct. He did me the favour 
to iaforme me first in Algebra. His daughters 
were Algebrists. His most familiar learned ac- 
<inaintance was Lancelot Morehouse, parson of 
Perlwood. I remember when I was a young 
Oxford scholar, that he could not endure to hcare 
rfthc new (Cartesian, &c.) Philosophy ; for, say d 




1S« 

he, if a new Philosophy is brought in. 
Divinity will shortly follow ; and he wa 
He died at his house at Gilliiigham afc 

where he and his predecessor, Dr 

had been vicars one hundred and 

and lyes buried in the chancel there. I 
heire to his uncle J. Davenant, Bp. of -S 
And elsewhere in the MSS. quoted «l s\ 
brey adds : «< He [Dr. Edward D.] had < 
and 4 daughters. There was a good set 
Gillingham ; at winter-nights he tau| 
'sonnes Arith. & Oeometrie ; his 2 eldest 
ters, especially M^^"- Ettrick, was a nota 
gebrist. He had nn excellent way of im| 
his children's memories, w^^ was thus : h< 
make one of them read a ch<apter or, &c. a 
they were (sur le champ) to repeate wh 
remembered, which did exceedingly profit 
and so for sermons, he did not let then 
notes (which jaded their memorie), but 
account vivd voce. When his eldest son 
came to Winton-schoole, (where the boy 
enjoyned to write Sermon notes) he 1 
wrote ; the Master askt him for his no 
had none, but sayd, '* If I doe not give 
good an account of it, as they that do€ 
much mistaken/' 

Wood in his MSS. in the Ashmolean. 
57, says ^' Edw. Davenant, D. D. Trea 
Sarum, died 12 Mar. 1679— 80— huriec 



139 

ditiioel at the E. end 5 the N. side of Gilling- 
km Chnrch in €<>- Dorset." 

A farther account of this Edward may be 
leen in Walker's Sugpings of the Clergy. Pt. 2. 
p. 68, and Hatchins^s Hist. Dorset, old edit. 2. 

Amu. — ^Morant, Hist. Essex. 2. 290, says the 
arms of Davenant are G. 3 escallops, Erm. betw. 
7 cross crosslets O. mantle, G, doubled Arg. — 
Edmondstone g^ves Davenant of Davenant Essex 
6. 3 escallops Erm. betw. 8 cross crosslets fitchee 
0. Crest a sinister arm embowed O. holding a 
chaplet of wheat of the last. Another bears G. 
S escallops Arg. betw. 9 cross crosslets fitchee. 

Porlraifo.*— Granger tacet. Bromley says there 
s one of turn in the Non- Conformists Memorial 
3. Trotter oval. Per. 4. Class 4. p. 82. There 
ii also one in Middletoii's Evangelical Biog. 3. 
146. T. Trotter, sculp, an oval, from the orig. 
pict. in Queen*s Coll. Camb. This is the same 
thtt Bromley alludes to. 

The following extracts from the Parochial 
Registers of Gillingham, C^- Dorset, relating to 
Ihe fiunily of Davenant, were kindly communi- 
cated to me by the Rev. John Fisher^ Archdea- 
con of Berks, and vicar of that parish: 

A. jy. " BAPTISMS. 

^ 1629. Tieesifflo primo die Jonii Kmiktrina filia Edv. Daven- 
ant baptizata. (baried 1620.) 
1690. Qaarto die Jolii Ethmrdui Davenant filias Edvardi 
Datenaat. S.S. Theologise Doctoris et Vicarii de Gil- 
lingliaiii baptisatos erat. 

PART II. I 



1S6 

A. D. 

1^1. ViMsinlo sefidmo (He NotembriSy Gwtghu ^SHmk 
filias Edvardi DilTtiiaBUflB Tb#ol0g. ]>Mit et Yki 

de Oillingham baptizatus erat« 

J^^^ *) Decimo die Febrnarii Katherina Davenant filia E 
^y VTardi Ba^enani Saeros^lacte Theo^&gjh l^oCtoib 
ocUTb J ^^^'^^ ^^ GUIingbafti bai»tint& mt 
1634. Yicesimo die Maii Huganius Davenant filias Edrw 

Davenant S.S. &c. baptizatus erat. 
M6p Decimo octavodie I}tetikihri»RobetHu Davenant fiUi 

Edvardi Davenant SS^ TheoL &c. bapt"*- erat 
1637. Decimo octavo die Martii, Maria Davenant filia E 
vardi Dai'enaMt SS iTbeol. Doct. ke. bapt^ fait 

1 639. y iceaimo primo die Aprilii Radulphus Davenant Ulii 
Edvardi Davenant SS Theol. Doct &c. bapt. erat 

tT Obiit Rector de Wbitechappd, L<HidoB. 

1640. Tricessimo die Aagustii Jacobus Davenant filias Ei 
vardi Davenant SS. Tb. Doct. &c. bapt erat 

«9* Obiit Soe. Oriel. Coll. Oxon. 

MARRtAGES, 

1050. Wimo die Angnsti Antonius Ettrick fitfns Willm £t 

rick armiger infra de Wimboume Minb 

duxit Antuim Davenant filiam Edvardi Davenant S 
Theol. S&c. 

1662. Deeimo nono die Febrnarii Georgius (ill 

gible, but the name resembles St. John) armiger dm 
tlxorcm Margarettatn Davenant filiam Edv&rdi Dav 
nant SS. Theol. Doct. &c. 

1663. Vicessimo qointo die Novcmbris Thomas Lamphj 
Saoro Sancta; Theologiae Doctor, Archidiaconus < 
London et Princip. Alban. Aulas in Oxon duxit Dna 
Katherinam Davenant filiam sccundam Edvardi 
venant SS. Theol. Doct. 

^ In the margin—'' £p. Exon. 1676, Artlui 
Ebor. 1688. Ob. 1691 ." 

BURIALS. 

1625. Vicessimo sexto die Februarii Johan Jessopp, Vi( 

rius de Gillingham olim, erat sepultns. 

r9* This was Dr. Davenant's predecessor in the livi 

1620. Octavo die Octobris Katherina Davenant sepnlta fi 

1872. Decimo die Decembris Joana. Davenant filia Bdva 

Davenant SS Th : D. et Vic fcc. lepaUa fait. 



131 

A. D, 

l<970. "\ ■ 

> «trei:. r JMMtttfMDaveiiaiit, AxpdgeVf fepudtas era! nono 
Car. aec^- fdie Decembris. 

28. ) 

1079. ^ Bdvardus Bavenamt SS Tbeologie Dootor, The- 
et reg. vgaariarios basilicas Saritbariensis et Yicafii de 
4ft/^^ \ Gilluigbam sepultns erat decimo quinto die Uartii! 

(CS* A monument in tbe cbancel of Oiliingham 
Church. Dr. D. died 84 years of age, in 1979, bftv« 
ing been appointed vicar 1 626. He therefore held 
the living of Gillingham 63 years." 

Under the year 1626 is the following entry — 
^ Anno regni dotni* Caroli Ang^iee .... (illegi- 
ble) annoque Domini 1626***— and then in difh^ 
rent hand-writing, ** Edvardas Davenant Yica* 
lias de Gillingham." 



X. BRIAN DUPPA. 

ScccBssiT A,D. 1641.— -Trans. Wint. A.D. 1«60. 

Obiit A,D. 1662. 

Bp. Doppa, or De Uphangh as Wood calls 
•hitDy (see also Pegge's CuriuKa^) was born March 
10, 1588. Greenwich is incorrectly named as 
the place of his birth in his Epitaph, and also by 
Wood, Ath. Ox. 8. 641, and by Walker, Suffer- 
hiff9 of the Clergy f pt. 2, p. 62. But Mr. Bliss 
has rectified this by tlie following note in his edi- 
tion of the Ath. Ox. ut sup. : '' Duppa was cer- 
tainly born at Lewisham, as is proved by his will ; 

1 2 



132 

and Wanley (in his MS. notes to these Atheim) 
quotes an original letter to Mr. Abr. Colfe^ dated 
Richmond, June 15, 1652, in which the Bp. calb 
Lewisham the place of his birth.*' RichardsoD, 
Continuation of Godwin, correctly says Lewisham, 
as also Lloyd in his Memoirs, p. 598, and Faller, 
Worthies, 1. 497, edit. Nichols. 

A. Wood famishes us with the following' ac- 
count of this prelate (Alh. Ox. vol. 3. p. 541): 

^* He was educated in grammar leamiDg, in the 
condition of a King's scholar, in the College school 
at Westminster, while Dr. Lane. Andrews wai 
dean of that Church, of whom he leai*ned Hebrew. 
[Lloyd calls him Paidonomus — a Lord of hii 
school fellows, alluding to the superiority of hb 
learning.] From thence he was elected Student of 
Ch : Ch : in May 1605, and thence Fellow of All 
Souls Coll. in 1612, being then B. A. Afterwards 
proceeding in that faculty, he took holy orders, 
travelled beyond the seas, and in 1619 he was 
unanimously elected one of the proctors of the 
University. In 1625 he took the degrees in di- 
vinity, being then chaplain to the Prince Palatine. 
[The Fasti record him thus : M. A. 1914; July 
1, 1625, of All Souls B. dnd D. D. by accomo- 
lation.] In the History of the Troubles and Trjal 
of Abp. Laud, p. 866, this Dr. Dnppa is said to 
have been chaplain to the Earl of Dorset, [so also 
Lloyd ut sup*'] and that he was, by the endeavours 
of the said Earl made to the duke of Bucks, pre- 




ias 

hrred to be dean of Ch : Ch : [nominate Jane 30, 
inrtalled Nov. 28, 1629. WiUis, Cathed. 2. 441.] 
in the place of Dr. Corbet, promoted to the see of 
Oioo. A.D. 1629.*' In 1632 and 33 he did execute 
the office of Vice Chancellor of the University 
[being then Dean of Ch : Ch : Fasti, under 1632^] 
with great moderation and prudence; and in June 
1634 was made Chancellor of the Church of Sa* 
lisbury [collated June 19, 1634. Le Neve, Fastip 
M9] in the place of Dr. Franc. Dee, promoted 
to the see of Peterborough. Soon after he was 
Blade tutor to Prince Charles, afterwards King 
Dharles II. which proved his future happiness, 
Mog then accounted by all a most excellent man. 
[hi the 19th May, 1638, he was presented to the 
rich rectory of Pet worth, in Sussex, and being 
ilected to the see of Chichester [<* elected May 
19, confirmed June 13, and consecr. June 17, 
1688.*' Willis, Cathedr. 2. 441. See also Hay's 
Bist* Chichester^ 474] upon the translation of 
Dr.Rich.Mountague to Norwich, had restitution 
Dade to him of the temporal ties of that see the 
;2th of June the same year : which Church of 
^etworth he kept, I presume, for some time in 
onimendam with his see. [Salmon says ^* he 
iiiit have quitted Petworth before Dr. King was 
fected from Chichester, for that Prelate was the 
aflbring rector of Petworth, at whose curate 
lere, Mr. Whitby, a Parliament officer, dis« 
larged his pistol in the church when he was 



194 

reading the common prayer.'* JJnn ofih&Biiff, 
Bp9.fnnn the Sestar. to the Revoi. p. 399.1 

''In 1641 he was translated to fiaiisbai^^ in the 
place of Dr. Jo. Davenant, who died on the 20iil 
of April the same year : but soon afber^ epistH>p80^ 
being silenced by the long parliament, n>hkk lb 
Preiinfterians caUed the blessed parUament^ wbci 
a prevalent party therein turned the naticm topiy 
tQrvey, he retired to Oxon for a time, to wait da 
his Majesty and the Prince, and left not the fonmr 
till his last days. After his Majesty was beheaded, 
this our worthy author and bishop retired toRidh 
mond, in Surry, ^here spending most of his tide 
in great devotion and solitude till the happ; t»- 
storation of King Charles II. an. 1660, wastiwtf- 
lated toWinchester on the 24th of Sept. the satne 
year, [having been Bp. of Sarum 19 years] to 
the great joy and comfort of many lords and gen- 
tlemen, as well as the reverend clergy, who all 
had a deep sense and memory of his prudence arid 
piety, owing them a lasting tribute, not only for 
his great example of virtue and godliness, but for 
those excellent seeds and principles so happily 
laid in the youth of the then sovereign lord the 
King. About that time he was made Lord Al- 
moner, and began that conspicuous monument of 
his charity, an alms house at Richmond. Hewas 
a xa^n of excellent parts and every way qiialifi^ 
for his function, especially as to the comeliness of 
his pei^ion and gracefulness of his depoiiiDeo.^ 



\ 



?tf j.w^y ^t to $)tapd b^for/? prioK^ Hojs^iMi 
ed bj Kiiijf Cliairlfa I, of happy wipmQry^who 
Qse of }u3 pious conversation ^urio^jli^fw- 
went 19 the Isl^ of Wight, ajod so. much r^ 
ed by bis sop, Kiqg Charles J I. th^t u^hfM^, 
'ortby prelate lay on his de^th b^ at R^chr 
, he craved his blessing on his b^i^d^ 
I by his bed-side" £" which he bestowc^^'* 
Upyd» ^* with one haod laid upon his ma^- 
head, and the other lifted op to h^i^veii/* 
oir$^ p, 599.] 

He surrendered up his pious soul to the 
God that first gave it, March 26, 1662, 
1 74, natus 1588] having the day before been 
d by his Majesty, out of his wonted piety 
;oodness. He died as he lived, honored and 
ed of all that knew him ; a person of so 
and eminent candor, that he left not the 
spot upon his life or function, maugre the 
sedition of those brethren, who then, as be* 
black'd the very surplices and made the 
^y profane. He had a more than ordinary 
tion to live at Richmond, where he privately 
ed several years in the late broken times, but 
:ially because it was the place where first 
nveyed the principles of religion into the 
:e. Afterwards his body being conveyed to 
: House, in the Strand, where it lay in state 
ome time, was decently conveyed the^ace 



196 

Apr. 24, to the Abbisy Chnrch of St Pdler, lA 
Westminster, trhere it was baried in the area on 
the North side of the chapel of St. Edward the 
Confessor [so Oale also. Hist. Wmeh. Cathed. p. 
106.] At which time Dr. Henry King, Bp. of 
Chichester, a most admirable and florid preadier 
in his younger days, preached a sermon to the 
great content of the auditory, containing many 
eulogiams of the defanct, which, as also his mo- 
nnments of piety and charity, I shall, for breritj'i 
sake, now pass by. Soon after was a fair monu- 
ment, mostly of white marble, fastened to the 
wall over the grave, with an inscription thereon. 
In the Church Register of Lewisham, in Kent,! 
find one Brian, son of Jeffrey Duppa, to be bap- 
tized there 18 March, 1580, having been bom in 
the Vicarage house of that place. Which Jef- 
frey Duppa, who was Vicar, I take to be father 
of Dr. Duppa, and Brian to be his elder brother, 
deceased." 

Bene/ac/um^.— •Richardson says he endowed 
the hospital at Richmond with 1500?. He also 
bequeathed 200/. towards another at Pern bridge, 
Herts [read Herefordshire] ; 500Z. to Sarum Ca- 
thedral; 200/. to Winchester; 300/. to St. Paurs; 
and 200/. to Chichester. His will is dated Feb. 
4, 1661— proved May 16, 1662.— Lloyd, in his 
Memoirs, p. 598, says, *^ in which county [Rent] 
his father was a benefactor in erecting one alms- 
housie, and his son a better in erecting another/* 



1S7 

Thisi I apprehend, is a mistake : I find no alma- 
boose of his in Kent« His father began an alms- 
iioiifle at Pembridge, (>• Hereford, upon which 
the Bp. settled lands that cost £60/. The Bp* 
left 402. to the poor of Lewisham. Mr. Ghal- 
men (Bioff. Diet. voL 12, p. 503) says, «« About 
1661 he beg^n an alms-hoase at Richmond, which 
he endowed with a farm at Shepperton, for which 
he gave 16402. which now produces 1162. per an. ; 
and tho* he did not live to finish it, yet it was 
finished by his appointment, and at his expence. 
This house is of brick, and stands on the hill 
above Richmond, not only because he had resided 
there several years during the absence of the 
Royal family, but also because he had educated 
the prince in that place." He adds, ^* By his will 
he bequeathed, besides the lands already noticed 
to the almshouse at Fembridge, and the legacies 
to the Cathedrals above named, 6002. to the dean 
and chapter of Ch : Cb : towards the new build- 
iogs; 402. to the poor of Greenwich; 202. to the 
poorof Westham, Sussex; and 202. more to pro- 
vide communion plate in that parish, if they want 
it, otherwise that 202. also to the poor ; 202. to 
the poor of Witham, Sussex ; 102. per an. for 10 
years to Will. Watts, to encourage him to con- 
tinue his studies ; 502. a piece to 10 widows of 
clergymen ; 602. apiece to 10 loyal officers not 
yet provided for ; 2002. to All Souls Coll. ; and 
above 3,0002. in several sums to private friends 



198 

aii4t|6rvj*9t9 : pa tliat the ohartiet^r g^van Wm kj 
Bpt 9|Arp^(^ wh(0^ iF^repents bUa an not having 
ipade th^t qi^ of bi^ wealth which was expedadi 
h apt JQst." ' The 500iL to SaxQiti Cathedral was 
ta.b^ paid to the Bp« of Saruniy to he bestowed 
on an organ in that churehji or such other, use as 
t)ie JRp. ^uld ihijok fit«*^Wood observesi, Atk 
Qx. 4.. 3i7i tb^t ** he was 8o bountiful ia his lega- 
cies, to Ch: <ph: that the money might senre to 
f^qd a new and not tp complete au old College.*' 
What the Oxford Historian means by founding 
<p,h : Ch : with 500/. it would be hard to gaess. 
yi^opd addfi^ that over the door of the hospital he 
founded, may be seen these words engraven :-^ 
** A poor Bishop vowed this house, but a great 
and wealthy one built it/' He erroneously osserte 
that ^* the hospital was erected in the place of his 
nativity/' 

** Bp. Duppa is said to have received dOfiOOL 
for fines soon after his translation to Winchester. 
It is certain that he remitted no less than SOfiOOL 
to his tenants, and that he left 16,000/. to be 
expend^ in acts of charity and munificence.'* 
Granger, Bio^. Hist. Eng. 3. 234. 

Publications*-^* The Soul's Soliloquy and Con- 
ference with Conscience,' a Sermon preached be- 
fore the King at Newport, in the Isle of Wighti 
Oct. 25, 1648, being'the monthly fast during the 
treaty there : on Ps. 42. 5. Lond. 1648, 4to. [Bodl. 
C* !• 3. line] 2» * Angels rejoicing for sinnersre^ 



U9 

jfmtiug :' ott Lake 15. lO^Lcmd. 164& 4to. [fiodk 
B* 3. 2. line] Lloyd^ Memoirs nt S9ip. says that 
<< his excellent sermons while at the Isle of Wiglt 
comforted his Majesty*'"— 3. ' A Guide for the 
penitent ; or a model drawn up for the help of a 
devout soul wounded with sin/ Lond. 1660. 8 
•«^-4. ^ Holy Orders and Helps to devotion, both 
in prayer and practice' [translated into French by 
J^ IL and printed at Berlin 1696. 12rao. Raw-» 
UNSOv] in 2 parts. Lend. 1674. ISmo. with the 
author's picture [engraved by &• White] before 
them : ^' which book was published by Benj. 
Parry of C.C.C. 'Tis said by some, particu- 
larly the booksellers that printed the Church Hist. 
of Scotland^ pennd by Dr. J oh. Spotswood, Abp. 
of St. Andrews, and printed at Lond. 1054. fol. 
8cc. that he (Dr. Duppa) did write the life of the 
said Abp. which stands before the said History. 
But the reader is to know that the pei*soa who 
wrote the preface to the said history, saith, that 
the said life was penn'd by a Rev. person of that 
nation^ meaning Scotland : so that if it be true, 
which he delivers, Duppa, an Englishman, can 
not be the author j yet quaere ?" [" Had the 
author of the life been a Scotchman, he must pro- 
bably have known that Abp. Spotiswood has two 
things in print, besides his History^ not known 
by that author. Baker.] Mr. Bliss adds — 
'< Wood h^^s omitted, among Duppa's publica- 




i4U 

thnff, his JoknsMiif^ VtrbimSfh collection of poems 
on the death of Beo. JoDson : printed at Lonil. 
whilst Dupp^ was Bp. of Chichester. See a 
letter from Howell to him on that sabject, in the 
CoUedkm ^LtiUrs by that author, Lond. 1088. \i. 

part I. p. 251.'*] Lloyd, in his Memoirs, p. dOO, 
(margin,) says, *' He ordered the brave collection of 
verses made upon Ben Johnson, called Johnsonios 
Verbins.** Granger adds, they were by above 80 
diflferent hands. Bioff. Hist. Engl 3. 235.— He 
also wrote the 16th and 24th chapters of ekak 
BASUKH.' See a very interesting paper respect- 
ing the authorship of that celebrated work in 
Liter. Anecd. of 18/A Cent. 1. 522. 

Character. — Lloyd records that '^ his bounti- 
ful heart was as large as his fortune— -that his way 
of living was generous — and his table hospitable 
—that his disposition was free and open, insomuch 
that * ubique sentires ilium hoc affici quod loque- 
batur.* (Erasm. de ilu^.)— that his learning was 
great and general— that he possessed an elegant 
and elaborate gift of preaching (whereof he in- 
stances a sermon preached at the Isle of Wight, 
1618) — aiming not at the delight of the ear, but 
the information of the Conscience.'' Memoirs. 
599. 

Dart, in his Hist. Westm. Abbey, vol. 2. p. 10, 
says, ** He lies under the pavement between the 
tomb of Valence and Erasmus's chapel in West- |^ 






141 

minster Abbey ,— over his body is a large Btoac^ of 
blue marble, thus inscribed—*^' Hie jaeet Bria-. 
Dus Wiuton/' The following inscription on a 
mural tablet may be seen in plate 73 of Dart's 
work, facing p. 10 of vol. 2. as also in Richard- 
son, Cantin. of Godwin, p. 243. Mr. Chalmers 
Bioff. Diet. 12. 504, does not seem to be aware of 
this tablet. 

M.S. 

Ifortalitatis exnvias 
liic deposuit, yir immortali 
memoriae sacratus fiaiA^us Duppa 
qui Grenovia natus anno DBi. 1688, exeante nempe die Martii 
IObo. Scholie Regiae Westmonasteriensis primiriam (abi a Lan- 
celoto Andrews tarn Decano Hebraica didicit) mox JSdis Cbristi 
apud Oxonienses alamnns ; Magister Artiam in Collegiam 
Omniam Animarom oooptatos, dein S. S. Tbeolog;i8B Doctor et 
CapelJanas Palatinns factns, iEdi Cbristi postliminio redditus 
est cni prasfait Decanns per decenninm. At iriram tantam 
snblimiore expectabant carac, majora desiderabant mania ; Ad- 
modns augustissimas spei Prlncipi Tator^ exinde triplici infala 
omatus, totidem ipse omavit Ecolesias, Cicestrensem, Saris - 
bmriensem, etdemum reduce Carolo Wintoniensem»qao nomine 
et anratae Periscelidis Antistes audiit, LXXIY iEtatis annum 
ingressus anno Domini 1662 jam ioeante nimiram Martii die 96 
RicbmondiaBy obi eradiendo Principi operam antea navaverat, 
nbi calamitatis temporibas bene latnerat obi et bospitium in- 
aigne ex voto exstruerat inter ipsos bene Papilli Regis amplexns, 
piam animam efflavit. 

Por/raite.— There is a portrait of him at 
Christ Church, Oxford. Granger, 3. 234, men- 
tions the engraving we have already noticed : 
*^ Brian Dappa quondam Epus Wintoniensis;'* 
R. W. (White) sc. Before his " Hofy Rules and 




142 

Hdp9 to Devalwn,'' 8cc. small t2mo. 1674. T 
same noticed by Bromley, p, 130. 

Arms. — Az. a lion*s gamb erased in fesse h 
tween 3 chains barwise O. Ednumdstone. 



END OF PART II. 



LIVES AND MEMOIRS 

OF THE 

SHOPS OF SALISBURY, 

FROM THE 

Ut^toration to tfft pvtwnt Cime. 

PART III. 




■-h 



476i88 



r. -11 A\^ 









StDtjt anb 0i^etnotr0 



or THE 



BISHOPS OF SALISBURY, 

FROM THE RESTORATION TO THE 
PRESENT TIME. 



PART 3. 



I. HUMPHREY HENCHMAN.* 

SuccE»siT A.D. 1660. — Trans. Lond. A. D. 1663. 

Obiit a. D. 1675. 



A. WOODf thus speaks of this prelate : "This 
loyal and religious person, who was son of Tho- 
mas Henchman of London, skinner, and he the 
sou of another Thomas of Wellingborough in 
Northamptonshire, (in which county his name 
and family had for several generations before 
lived) was afterwards D. D. Chauntor of Sanim, 

* The word Hcuchman means a p<ige or attendant. See anecdote mfra. 
t FaAti. Pt. 1. ao 1617, edit. Bliss, p. 377. 

PART III. A. 

N 



on the death of Hen. Cotton in Jan. 1622, and 
Prebendary of S. Grantbajxi in the same church, 
1628. After the restoration of K. Ch. II. he was 
nominated Bp. of that place upon the translation 
of Dr. Duppa to Winchester. Whereupon being 
consecrated in the chapel of K. Hen. 7, mtUn 
the Abbey Church of St. Peter in Westminster, 
28 Oct. 1 660, sate there three years, and then 
upon the translation of Dr Sheldon to Canter- 
bury he was translated to London in Sept. 1663 
and sworn Dec. 9, that year, one of his majesty s 
privy council. About this time he was made Bp- 
Almoner, and died, as it seems, in the month of 
Oct. 1675. He was for his wisdom and prudence 
much valued by K. Ch. II. whose happy escape 
from the battle of Worcester, this pious Prelate 
did admirably well manage, especially when te 
majesty came in a disguise near Sarum. He was 
bom, as I have been informed, within the parish 
of St. Giles's Cripplegate, London, and educate^ 
in Clare Hall in Cambridge, of which he was 
fellow." Wood in his M S S. Ashmol MusM 
8585. p. 58. quotes the Lond. Visit. 1. 24. 1633. 
Salmon quotes Lord Clarendon as follows; 
**Upon the disappointment of the vessel that was 
hired at Lyme to carry the King over, he was 
forced to change his purpose and to go into Wilts. 
There, Dr. Henchman, Prebendaiy of Sanim,met 
him and conducted him to a house 3 miles off 
Sarum, called Heale, belonging to Serj, Hyde, 



3 

lere his Majesty was for some time concealed. 
m the Dr. sent to him to meet him at Stone- 
sge, whence he conducted him to CoLPhiiips, 
to had provided a bark at BrighthehnstOD.** 
vesqfBps.Jrom the Restor.to the RevoL p. 299. 

Wood's information as to the birth-place of 
). Henchman is incorrect. Humphreys in a 
te in Bliss's edition of the Fasti, ut supra, says 
}p. Henchman was bom, as I am very well in- 
*ffled,at Burton Latimer* in Northamptonshire, 
the house of Owen Owens [rectius Owen] rec- 
r of that place, his mother being sister to Mr. 
wen's second wife, and daughter to Robert 
jffith, of Carnarvon, Esq.** 

Newcoiirtf and SalmonJ have both implicit- 
copied Wood's error on this point: and they 
ve both, as well as the accurate Granger^ tran- 
ribed the words of Wood respecting the college 
which he belonged. Henchman was fellow of 
are Hall, but it is probable he was educated at 
irist's College. Mr. Bliss gives us the foUow- 
g[ information on this subject from Baker. 
lamph. Henchman, coll. Chr. admiss. in matric. 



* A village S. £. of Kettering, the adjoining parish. 

WtpMor. int. Kpos. Lond. vol. i. p. 32. The passage in Wood, to 
di Newcourt refers, is evidently in the Fasti under the year l6i7, 
A he misquotes roL i. 829. A similar mistake occurs in the History 
Ubun, p. 232, where fur « Athen. Oxon." read Fasti, pait i. au. 
. A. W. Bliss, p. 377. 

UftB, p. 299. i Biog. Hist. Eng. vol. iii. p. 232. 

A 2 




acad. Cant. Dec. 18, 1609. Reg. Acad 
dein socius aul. Clar." 

Willis savs* that Owen Owens as alx 
" A. M. 2nd. son of Owen ap Robert of B< 
in Aber Parish Co. Carnarvon, father of B 
Owen of St. Asaph, and grandfather 
Henchman, some time Bp. of London, 
the last Archdeacon of Anglesey, plena ju 
died at Burton Latimers, Co. North-hj 
which church as it appears by the Parish I 
he was buried March 21, 1592, but witb 
inscription or epitaph." 

A valuable note in Mr. Bliss's edi 
Woodf supplies us with the following part 

^^Humphrey Henchman was^born at I 
Segrave, near Kettering, in the County of 
ampton, where his kinsman William Hen 
rector of the said church and prebenc 
Peterborough, has entered these memora 
the register book. Out of the old registei 
gled in the late ware,) it is found that Hui 
Henchman, (now bishop of Salisbury,) w 
tized Decemb. 22, 1592. Translated aft€ 
to the bishoprick of London,§ Aug. 30 

♦ Catliedr. Bangor, p. 139. t Ath. Ox. vol. iv. col. 

X Hiimphrys, as we have seen supra, says Burton Latimers. 

§ *' On the 8lh Sep. 1663, Dr. Humph. Henchman, Bp. of 
wiid elected to the said 8ee of London, and on the 15th he was 
Ihereuiifo in the church of St. Mary-le-Bow, where he sate t< 
ot his death." Wood, Ath. Ox. 4, «55, cd Bliss. 



id made Lord-AIinQner the same year, as allso 
leof the privy counciJ ; and dyeil Octob. 7, 1675, 
'his age 82, having been as great an example 
' primitive Christianity as these last ages have 
forded. The said Bp. of London gave to the 
)or of this parish, a legacy of £2. when he dyed.** 

"Humfredus Henchman, cler.S. T. B. ad.rect. 

Petri in Rushton, ad pres. Will. Cockaine mil. 

aldermanni Lond. 4 Maii 1624, et eodem die 

1 rect. Omn. Sanctorinii in Rushton, ad pres. 

usdem Will.Cockaine mil. Reg.Dove. Ep. Petrlh. 

Salmon II says he give J&765. to St. Paul's. 
his gift however is not recorded in Richardson, 
ho saysf he built an elegant chapel in the Epis- 
)pal Palace in Aldersgate-Street. He justly 
y.leshim "Regiarum Partium in turbulentissi- 
lis jtemporibus strenuus fautor et vindex.''' 

A wnter in the Gent. Mag. for 1800. p. 1 136, 
lys " he was baptised at Barton-Segrave Dec. 
2, 1592. (Bi'icigess Northampt. 1 1, 222,) Wil- 
am Henchman was Rector there from 16(i3 to 
686, and buried there. lb. 220. and was a 
rebendary in the 2d. stall at Peterborough, ib. 
65. Richai d Henchman was Rector of Cottes- 
rook 1G14 and for 1 year. ib. 1. 556." 

On reference to Bridges's Northampt. vol. 2. 
• 22 1 b. I find " on the 22nd of December as 

II Lives.p. 2fj^. 'Hii? I find also in Walker'n Sufferings of the aergy. 
•"t ii. p. (S. It wav a «ift, not a benuest. See exiracis from his wiir \i\ 
^or»* Couniuonb infra, f Uc PpcCs. p. \\i'c„ 






appears from the Parish Re^ster was baptized 
at Barton-Segrave, Humphrey Henchman ^r- 
wards a fellow of Clare Hall in Cambridge. In 
1662^ made Chaunter of Salisbury, and 1628, a 
Prebendary in the said Church. He was greatly 
instrumental in promoting the escape of Ch. 11. 
after the battle of Worcester. In 1660 he was a|>- 
pointed Bp. of Salisbury, and on the translation 
of Dr. Sheldon to Canterbury in 1663, advanced 
to the see of London. Shortly after be was 
sworn of the Privy Council, and made Lord-Al- 
moner. He died in 1675, and by his will gave 
£5. to the poor of this Parish. "J 

In Bridges's work as above, p. 220. William 
Henchman clerk, occurs Rector of Barton-Se- 
grave 10 Jul. 1653, obiit 14 Sept. 1686, note 
b, "from the Register." He was buried there. 
The inscription says " Hei'e lyeth the body of 
William Henchman late Rector of this Church 
and Prebendary of Peterborough, who departed 
this life Sep. 14. 1686." He occurs at p. 565. b. 
Predendary of the 2d. stall in Peterborough 
Cathedral. "William Henchman, A. M. who 
died Rector of Barton Segrave, where he was 
buried in 1686. Among the Rectors of Cottes- 
brook vol. 1 . p. 556 occurs " Ric. Henchman, cl. 
comp. pro. Primit. 17 Mali 16 14.** ex auc. M. S. 
due. de Chandos. 



X Th|6 reader wUl see here that Bridges has extracted tlus from A.Wood. 



In Guaton|| there occars in the 2d Prebend. 
^ WUIiam Henchman, M. A. Pai*8on of Barton. 
Com. Northam. Cambr.** 

Bp. Henchman died Oct. 7, 1675, and accord- 
ng to Faulknerf " in Aldersgate Street,** then 
he Episcopal residence. He was buried in Ful- 
mm Church. J Faulkner says " about the middle 
>f the S. aisle. The stone, a plain black one with 
m inscription has either been removed or is now 
»Qcealed by the pews. 

Bowack, and after him Faulkner and Bliss,§ 
[lave recorded the epitaph. The latter says *^on 
% plain black stone in the church of Fulham, (not 
now, I believe, visible). — ^The following is the 
inscription.** 

P. M. S. 

Sub ccrta spe resurgendi repostae 

Hie jaceut Keliquiae 

IllMPIlRKDl HeNCUMAN, LoNDIN. EpISCOPI, 

Et gravitate ct pastorali dementia, 

Qiise vel^ in voltu elucebant, 
Et vita; etiam sauctitate venerabilis 
8pectnta in Ecclesiam afflictam constantia 
Singular! in Regem periclitantem fide. 

Quo fa»liciter restituto. 

Cum Sarisburiensi dicecesi dnos annos 

Londincnsi daodecim praefuisset 

Regi etiam ab eleniosynis et sanctioribas coniSUiis 

Plenus annis et copienB dissolvi 

Obdormivit in domino 
Octobr.'7.Anno{^j^j/^Jo 

Redemptor mens viTit. 

II Hist. Peterborough, p. 91. f Hist. Fulham, p. 95. 

X Richardson de Prces p. 198, and Faulkner &c. 
§ Wood's A.O.voI iv.col.B55, note. % In the Ath.Ox.it is misprinted Quo. 




The foUowiog is a Synopsis of lus prefenn^ 
Precentor* of Saram 1622, Rector of St. 
and All Saints, f.Rushton, Co. Nortb-hants 162?^ 
Prebendary of S| Grantham 1628. Prebeodaar 
of Teynton i-egis cum|| Yalmeton 1638. Prebe^ 
dary of YatesburyU (sans date) Bp. Sainim, 16640 
London, 1663. 

The only work I find attributed to Bp. Hencb 
man is the '^ Gentleman's Calling,** supposed to tM 
written by the Author of the "Whole duty of man J 
§ Gmnger observes " when the declaration few 
liberty of conscience was published he was mnob 
alarmed and strictly enjoined his clergy to preacsfa 
against Popery, though it gave ojBfence to the 
King. His example was followed by the other 
Bishops." ut, svp. 

There is a portrait of Bp. Henchman in his 
robes, grey hair and beard, with a good counte- 
nance, in a long ancient gallery in the Charter 
House. The pictures there, says my author, are 
*^ generally dirty and neglected."! The author 

* See Wood ut sup. and Antiq. Salisb. p. 287. 

t Vide sup. X A. O. ut sup. et Autiq. Sal p- 325 in the prebend 

of S. Grantham he was succeded in 1638 by Hyde afterwards Bp. or Sarun. 

II II Antiq. Sal pp. 339^ 344, these preferments have escaped Wood, &c. 

§ See Granger's Biok. Hist. Eng. vol. iii- p. 233- See also the Epistle 
prefixed to the 8vo. edit- of that work, andf Nichols's Liter. Anec. of tw 
18th cent. vol. ii. p. 598. 

% Malcolm's Lond* Redlv. vol. i. p. 432 



of tlie History of the Charter Housef says the 
Painter is DahL 

Granger mentions thus a print of hiin, ^^Hum* 
pbredus Henchman Epus. Liond. Lely p. half- 
length, h. sh. mezz.| 

Arms. Edmonstone under Henchman ot* 
Hinchman, which latter is an alias of his own in- 
vention, gives Ar. a chevron betw. 3 bugle horns 
S. stringed A. on a chief of the 2nd 3 lions ram- 
pant guardant of the 1st. Wood gives the same 
iu his notes from Her. Off. in his M. S. S. in the 
Asbmolean. 8585. p. 58. 

His will beai-s date Aug. 25, 1 675, and was 

proved. 19 Oct. 1675, by Tho. Henchman and 

^^. Exton, L. L. D. In it he requires that his 

'^funeral shall be without pomp, decently and 

privately.** To the poor of the close and city of 

Salisbuiy he bequeathes £20. to be distributed as 

the Dean and Chap, shall appoint. To the poor of 

the Town and Payish of Fulham £20. Do. St. 

Botolph^s, Aldersgate Street. Rushton All Saints, 

Xoith-hants, £5. Do. Barton Scj^rave. Towards 

the buildingof St. Paul's £100. (He had been a 

yearly subscriber of that sum, as he there states,) 

and £100. towards i-ebuilding Clare Ilall, Camb. 

lamenting his inability to do more. To his son 



t Hist, of the Charter house by a Carthusian 4to 1808 p. 283- 
: 3iog Hilt. £Dg vol- ui p 232 



I( 



Thomas "the lease of the 
Woodford in the hundrci i 
of the Lord Bp. of Saruii; 
Seth, Lord Bp. unto luy ^ 
and Mr. John Hall, Rectui 
and vested in them by my 

The following pei-sons 
his son Humphrey; his dau 
son Charles, (to whom he 
in law Thos. Cooke ; his s 
his son £dw. Lawrence; 
relict of Maurice Henchin 
Henchman; his brother 
his sister Anne Cooke ; li"; 
following singular docii ii i 
claration of Faith : — " 1 ; 
none of the assertions and 
sell of Trent, concerning t 
the substantial and nee 
which are opposed by thi' 
the Church of Englantl ca 
able to the perpetual eo 
Church from the time of ■ 
I am firmly persuaded t i 
Church of Enghuid in tin 
the doctrine of faith and • 
ship, are agreeable to tli< 
the Xn. Ch. from the tiiii. 

The following forms . 
to our notices respecting l ■ 



1 



11 



I 
ll 

li 

I 



leiat^' 



k 






II 

A correspondent in the Oent. Mag. 1800. p. 
4 signing himself E.T. enquires for particulars 
Bp. Henchman, especially if he had any rela- 
►ns or immediate descendants residing at 
•oughton, North-hauts ; and adds, a family who 
dded there for near 100 yedrs, and spelled their 
mes the same, had a picture of the Bp. in their 
ssession which they styled a family piece, 
lis family was extinct by the death of Mrs. 
iz. Henchman in 1722. He is replied to by a 
rrespondent, p. 845, who copies from Salmon. 

Another correspondent signing himself Fran, 
enchman Gent. Mag. 1800, 1044, and dating 
Padworth Nov. 19," observes, " If your corre- 
indent E. T. p 664 would favor me with his 
dress, I could give a pretty full account of the 
ne of Bp. H. from whom I am a lineal de- 
Midant. It appears from apedigi'ee I copied when 
ddent at Oxford, from A. Wood's papers in the 
hm. Mus. that the family name originally was 
tosBOROUGH. It begins vl\t\\ " C. al : H.*' A tra* 
:ion in the family accounts for the change of 
e name by the following anecdote. Our An- 
stor it is said being one da;^ on a hunting party 
th K. H. VIL kept up with H. M. the whole 
y in a very long and severe chase, at the end 
which the K. turned round to him and said 
Thou art a veritable Henchman," (page or at- 
idant) in consequence of which he assumed the 
me. Perhaps the story may receive some con- 



10 

Thomas *^the lease of the manors of Millford and 
Woodford in the hundred of Underditch^ holdea 
of the Lord Bp. of Sarum, and lately granted by 
f^eth, Lord Bp. unto my son Thomas Henchman, 
and Mr. John Hall, Rector of Finchly, Middlesex, 
and vested in them by my appointment."* 

The following persons are all named by him, 
his son Humphrey; his daughter Mary Heath; hfe 
son Charles, (to whom he leaves £50(i ; his son 
in law Thos. Cooke ; his son in law John Heath; 
his son Edw. Lawi'ence; his sister in law Marv 
I'elict of Maurice Henchman ; his nephew Charles 
Henchman ; his brother Ralph Townsend ; and 
his sister Anne Cooke ; his will also contains the 
following singular document in the shape of a de- 
claration of Faith : — " I am firmly assured that 
none of the assertions and diffinitions of the Coun- 
sell of Trent, concerning the doctrine of faith and 
the substantial and necessary worship of God, 
which are opposed by the established doctrines of 
the Church of EnglanXl can be proved to be agree- 
able to the perpetual condition of the Christian 
Church from the time of the Apostles; and again, 
I am firmly persuaded that the diffinition of the 
Church of England in the 39 articles concerning 
the doctrine of faith and essential necessary wor- 
ship, are agreeable to the perpetual condition of 
the Xn. Ch. from the time of the Apostles." 

The following forms an interesting additioB 
to our notices respecting this worthy Prelate. 



I Oft if^fn^. dl^t It ^t^i^'< ^^ /nr 
: ■fciijii <-ii«k ./i/!'^ Ar^, K-^nM/Att. 



•^"Aop" thedtoiy 




may reodTe moo 



12 

firmation, or at least denves an air of prob^iabilK^ty 
from this eircuiiistance, that part of the fam^Sly 
arms consists of a chevron bet^veen 3 bugle 
It appears from the pedigree that this Gent, 
settled at Gt. Dodrington, Co. North-hants^ a 
that the two next generations i^ere remo^^^ 
to Wellingboro' in the same Co. where I am tc^d 
]there is a branch of the family living at this tivne 
to whom I am an utter stranger, as well as t be 
Mrs. Eliz. H. who died at Broughton 1722^ as 
mentioned by the lady who signs herself E. T. 
TheBp's picture on which perhaps the pi-esent pos- 
sessor sets but little value, would be very accept- 
able to me. A descendant of his, Mr. T. Hencii- 
man, who went to the E. Indies some years ago as 
a writer, and is returned thence with an ample for- 
tune, and now rpsides in Jvlew Burlington Street, 
has in his possession an original picture of bis 
ancestor the Bp. painted by Sir P. Lely, from 
which the mezzotinto print mentioned by Gran- 
gei' is taken. Mr. 'l\ H's father was the son of 
Dr. n. the civilian, my grandfathers younger 
brother, well known by having been Counsel for 
Sacheverell. lie was Chancellor of London and 
of Rochester, and was an intimate friend of the 
famous Bp. Atterbury, who stood godfather to his 
son. The seal with which the Bp. sealed his ti'ea- 
sonaI)le correspondence and which the Warden of 
the Tower took from him by force, is in my sister's 
possession. It is a red cornelian, set in pla^n 



13 

^(Ad^ an antique, the impi'ession of a Cice^o^s 
lead. My sister has likewise some papers of her 
mcestor Bp. H ; among the rest, his will and 
ome original letters from Lord Clarendon, the 
ubject of which I do not at present recollect, 
lor do I remember whether they were written 
previous to the Restoration or after it. If upon ex- 
imination, they should be found worth inserting, 
hey will be at your semce if my sister will part 
nth them. 

My materials would I fear be too scanty were 
to attempt to make any additions to the ac- 
ount of my venerable ancestor already pub- 
ished in p. 845. His father seems to have left 
Vellingboro," and have removed to London 
vheve the Bp. was born.* He was sent to be ed- 
Lcated at Clare Hall in Cambridge, to which so- 
iety, he was afterwards a benefactor. He was 
iditor of the ^Gentleman's Calling,' and one ol the 
line persons to whom the 'Whole duty of Man' 
las been severally ascribed. He was likewise 
;he publisher of Dr. Hammond's works. 

Fran Henchman." 



This, as we have already seea. p. 3. sq U not correct. 




H 



2. JOHN EARLE,* or EARLES, 

ScjccESSiT A. D. 1663. — Obiit A. D. 1665, 



'* Son of Thomas Earle, gentleman, registrar of 
tjie Archbishop's Court atYorkj'^f was born in the 
city of York, about the year 1600. "He was 
admitted a probationer fellow of Merton College, 
Oxford, in 1620, and proceeded in artsj four 
years after. His younger years," continues Wood 
4 "were adorned with oratory, poetry, and witty 
&ncies ; and his elder with quaint preaching and 
subtile disputes. In 1631 he was one of the 
Proctors f of the University, and about that time 
chaplain to Philip, Earl of Pembroke, who, for 
his service and merits, bestowed upon him the 
rectory of Bishopstoi)|| in Wills. Aftei*wardshc 
was made chaplain and tutor to Charles, Pnnce 



* Aubrey writes it Earles. See t quotation from in Manning and Brt]r'' 
Hist, of Surry,Vul.3 p. 578. hi liis will, whicb is a nuncupative one, in 
Drs*. Com. it is written Earles. vid. inf. 

t Gwillim'a Heraldry, 1724. p. 282. 

t A. B. July 8, 1619 Fasti. 1.386. ** proceeded in Arts** means he took 
his Master's degree, but Wood in loc cit, says A. B. he should hare been 
placed among the Musters of that year I619. 

§ Ath, Ox. Bliss. Vol. 3, no. 

If «* Mr. Joh. Earl of Mcrt. Coll. presented 26 Aug" Wood. Fasti 1*^9- 

11 Sec Walker. Soflferings of Clergy. 2. 63. 



15 

^ales, after^ as Wood says^ ^^ Di\ Duppa was 
le Bp. of Salisbury." But if we refer to 
'endon's History of the Rebellion* we shall 
it was not upon Duppa's becoming Bp. of 
im, for that was in 1641^ Whereas he (Duppa) 
u^ tutor in 1645. 3ee a letter from the 
g to his son, dated Aug. 5, 1645, in which 
Majesty desires the Prince to convey himself 
France, whensoever he shall be in appai*ent 
^er of falling into the rebels* hands, and there 
mder the care of his mother, " whp" (says the 
g) " is to have the absolute full power in all 
gs except religion, and in that not to meddle 
ill, but leave it entirely to the care of youj* 
ir, the Bp. of Salisbury, or tp whom he shall 
oint to supply his place.** 
^'He was actually created D. D. in 1642,§ 
ted one of the assembly of (li\anes in the year 
)wing, but refused to sit among them, and 
ncellorf of the Cathedral Church at Salisbury 
he place of William Chillingworth deceased, 
le latter end of J the same year 1643. After- 
ds he suffered and was deprived of ail he had, 



597, fol. edit. 

1642. Nov. 10. John Earle sometimes fellow of Mert.Col.nowcfaJ4>laiii 
u-les. Prince of Wales/' Among the D. D. Wood. Fasti, i. 62. 

ee Antiq. Sal, ubi. Earles, (rectius) io,Feb. UM8.p.291. 

cb.io, ie4B-4. Walker, Sufferings of the Clergy, part iL p. 63. 




16 

for adhering to K. Ch. I.* sufTered m exile with 
Ills son Ch. II. whom after his defeat at Worcesi 
f er, he saluted at Roanf upon his arrival in 
Normandy, and thereupon was made his chaplaia 
and clerk of the closet. After the King^s return 
he was made dean of Westminster, J keeping his 
clerkship still ; was consecrated Bp. of Wor- 
cester, after the death of Dr. Gauden, on the last 
day of November (S. Andrew's day) 1662, and at 
length was translated to the see of Sarum 28th. 
Sept. 1663, void by the translation thence to 
London of Dr. Humphrey Henchman. ** ThisDr. 
Eail," continues Wood, '• was a very genteel man, 
a contemner of the world, religious, and most 
worthy the office of a bishop. He was a person 
also of the sweetest and most obliging nature (as 
one§ that knew him well, though of another per- 
suasion, sjiith) that lived in our age, and since 
Mr. Richard Hooker died, none have lived (whom 
GodH had West with more innocent wisdom, more 



• ** He was an intimate a<'qiuiiiitano« with l)r. Morlcy, afterwards Bp. 
of WJLchester, and lived one year wiih him at Aniweip, in Sir CliarJei 
IJittrfirji houve, who w.v^ Master of the Ctrenionics, 'Jheuce he weot 
to France and attended upon Juur's, DuUe of Voik." Macro- 

•f So also in Wood's M. S, A.iinnol. 8519. p. I<47, 

^ Le Neve, Fasti, p aOTi. merely qjiores Newcoiirt, Repertor, I. 720. 3i 
bfing made ** soon alter the Kinjjs iCiurn" in I6(iO. 'ITiis tlic latter iiad 
from Wood» — Karle was one of the four successive Deans of Wcsiiuinstfr 
who hecaine Bishops, vi^. Williams, York; Karles, Sarum; UolhcUi 
^'ork ; and Sprat, Hoehester. — He occurs in Welshes list of Wesiuiiulcf 
Scholars, p, 7. 

§ Hugh Creasy in his Epist, Apologctical, p. 46, 47, 8vo. 1674. 

\ Walton's Life of Richard Hooker, London, 1670, p, '95. 



17 

ified learning, or a more pious, peaceable, 
tive temper, than he ; so that this excellent 
Q seamed to be only like himself, and vener- 
Mr. Hooker, and only the fit man to make 
sirned of all nations happy, in knotdng what 
been too long confined to the language of 
ttle island, I mean by his translation of the 
Mr. Hooker's book, called Eccleriastical 
/, as I shall tell you anon.^ 
kt length this worthy Bp. retiring to Oxford 
the King, Queen, aiid their respective 
Is settled there for a time, to avoid the plague 
raging in Liondon and Westminster, took 
s quarters in Univei'feity College, where dy- 
►n the 17th November, 1665, was buried 
the high altar in Mei'ton College Churchy 
e 25 th of the said month, being then accom- 
d to his grave from the public schools by 
jrald at anus, and the principal persons of 
/Ourt and Univei*sity. In the see 6f Salis- 
silcceded Dr. Alexander Hyde, fee." 
n a monument of black and white marble 
> in the N. E* comer of the wall, is the fol- 
g inscription*: — 



m Wood's HUt. and Antiq. of Oxford, edi^ Gutch. p. 19. Wood*i 
Ashmol. 8466, p. 109, say that ** he was buriea in Mert.CoU. 
the high altar. 06. #. /». 



B. 



18 

« 

t 

Amice si quis bic est sepoltus roges } 

Ille qui nee meroit noqnam 
Nee quod inagis ett^ habuit mimieoin ; 
Qui potuit in aula 'nvere, et mnndinu spermerej 
Concionator edncatna inter Plpindpea 
£t ipse fiidle Princepa Inter GoncionatoreSj 
Evangelista indefessns^ Episcopos {lientissinins } 
Ille qui una com oacratissimo Rete 
Cujus et jnviniliiun stodiomm 
Et animaB Deo charse 
Cnram a beatisaimo Patre demandatam gessit 
Nobile ac religiosum exilinm est paaios j 
Ille qui Hookeri iAgentis Politiam Eodesiaaticam 

• nie qui Caroli Martyris vnofm fim^tkatm 

(VobmMP quo post Apocalypsin divinim niibiim) 

Legavit orb| sic Latme reddifas, 

Ut utenMie unins Fidei defensor 

PlLtriam adhuc i^tineat ^ajest^tem. 

8i Nomen ejus necduqi tibi suboleat^ Lector ; 

]>^omen ejus unguenta p|etio§a^ 

Johannes Earlb 

Eboracepsis 
S^enissiipo Carolo Secundo Regii Oratorii Clerkai 
raliquaudo Westmouasterieusis l>ecai|iii 

EcdesiaJ ^^^^^^ Wigoruicnsis ^ 
t^^^^^ tandem Sarisbnriensis VAngelus 
Let nunc triumpLantis J 

Obut Oxonu Nov. 17. Auo. {^j.^^'g 

Volnitqiie in hoc^ ubi olim floruerat Collegio, 
Ex JEd^ X>* hue in Socium ascitus 
Ver magnum ut reflorescet expectare. 

I 

_ ■ 

lAmu. See of Samm impaling Ermine^ on m cluef 
dancette'e S. 3 celestial Crowns O***] 



• *' He beM-eth/' saji OwilUiD* Heraldry, p. 2»2. Loqd. l^M. Bn^ 
OB a chief indented S. 3 Eaitem crovros O hj the name of Sartai* Witam 
by Sir Ed#. Walker. Garter, Aug! 1. 1600, to the Rev. Dr. J. Baric»,*c* 
in 1663 made Bp. of SalLibury. ^ood in bis MS S. AabmoL M^ h 
W, says that he impales az. a Uon ramp. O. a chief '(>. 




19 

tf the writings of this Prelate^ we have the 
wing Catalogue from Wood and his Editor. 
Microcasmograpk^ :* or a Piece of the 
1 ciiaracterized in E^ssays and Characters. 
L 1628. [Bodl. 8vo. P. 164. Th.] 
. A7raf»/a/ionintoLatinof£ix(tfi/j3ft^iXixi) 

li he entitled ^ Imago Regis Car. 1 mi in 
nnis et solicitudine. Hagae. Com. 1649 in tu. 
I 8vo. C. 433 Line.] 

. A Translation into Latin of Hooker^s Ec- 
istical PoUty. Respecting this, Mr. Bliss 
muted a letter from Dr. Smith to Heame, 
he Bodleian Library) f dated Sept. 13, 
It is as follows : ^' Bp. Earle*s latin tran- 
fi of Hooker s book of Ecclesiastical polity, 
] was his enteitainment during part of his 
at Cologne is utterly destroyed by prodigi* 
U'elessness : for it being written in loose pa- 
only pinned together, and put into a trunk 
ked, after his death, and being lodked upon 
use and waste paper, the servants lighted 
fire with them, or else put them under their 
and pies as often as they had occasion : as 
resent Earl of Clarendon has more than 



idont of Microcosinograpliy are Ist. 1G2B. 5th. 1629> called In 
I * much enJarg'd.' 6th. im, 7th. 1638. 8th. 1650. SKh. 1669. 
9.11th. 1732 .f2th. 1786. 13th. (edit. Bliss.) 18II. Mr. BUm j^avs 
ever aeen the 2(1, 3d, or 4th ; that of 1732 had a new title pitge, 
10, The world disphtf^d, &c. 

B it abo la " Lettcis from the Bodleian.** rol. I. p. 140. from 
MSS, 




Sib 

dnce toid me, who was ordered by my lord lull 
father, about a year after the foish<^''g death, to 
attend upon the widow at her house near JSalii- 
bury, and to receive them ft'om her hamisi Em 
whom he received this deplorable acobunt if 
their loss : him&elf seeing several scattered pBsoe^ 
not following in order, the'nuniber of pbgo'be- 
ing greatly in^terrupted, that had not ohdecgOK 
the same fate with the rest!" — " Dr. Ea*!e,"^ ooii- 
tinues A. Wood^ " being'esteemed a witty Inao, 
while be continued in the University, several co- 
pies of his ingenuity and poetry wiei'c greedify 
gathered up, some of which I have ^een, parti- 
culariy tbat Latin* poem entitled ^ Hoftus Met- 
tonensiSy the beginning of which is ^ Hortll 
deliciae. domus polltse,' &c^. He had also a fa8«l 
in some of the figui'CB, of which about 10 iw 
published, but which figure or figures claim {do 
as author, I know not. The figure of six I haire^t 
bearing this title ; ^The figure of six, cootainiflg 
these six things, wit, mirth, pleasm*^, petty obfier- 
vations, new conceits, and merry jests/ Ite 
figures were not published all at once, hntfA 
several times. 

lu 1811 the indefatigable Miv Bliss puUidied 
an edition of the Bishop's Mkrpcosmogrc^i 



* Tills is printed iu the 4th voL of Aabrey*8 Natural Hiat. ef Smfi 
p. 16/. 



t Not to be found in Wood's study. That it was once in thp 
collection of his M S S. deposited in the Aihinolean^ is eridflst tnm th* 
M S. Catalogue. 



21 

irithsome Notes, and a large Appendix;* the 
btter contsdning, among other things, never be- 
bre. printed, Lines on the death of Sir John Bur-' 
vughs* Lines on the death of the Earl of Pern- 
koke* Correspondence between Dr. Ear le and 
^r. Baxter. 

3e9ides which, Dr. Earle wrote Lines on the 
tttmarn of the Prince from Spain. Printed in the 
Mngae Anglicanas, i. 286. Contemplations on the 
Proverbs : with a discourse written in memory of 
Lorfl falklfind, &c.f 

• The following are sketches of this Prelate's 
Aaracter by diffei'ent hands. 
- .<By Bp. Bumet.X ^^ Before his death he de- 
lltted himself mnch ag^nst this Act, (the 5 mile 
4Ui) He was a man, of all the clergy, for whom 
ibe King had the greatest esteem; He had been 
bb Snb-Tutor, and had followed him in all his 
edle with so clear a character, that the King 
4oiild never see or hear any thing amiss of him. 
fehe, who had a secret pleasure in finding out 
^4mjr thing that lessened a man eminent for piety, 
«]fet had a value for him beyond all men of his 






"^i ^* TU Isaifvork of iiilinite humour, displays mat knowledge of the 
world, and throws much light on the manners of the tines. His cha- 
mobti of *' a graFe Divine," is well worth perusal. See it in Bliss's edit. 
«f the Cosmography, p. 9. 



'•' w 



'f See Lord Clarendon's State Papers, ii. 350. 

X Hist, of his own times. Lond. 1818^ 4 vols, Svo. vol. i. o 2a0^ nndei 
fheTeariMfi. 



22 

By Lord Clarendon.* ^^ He was a person very: 
notable for his elegance in the Greek and Latk? 
tongues ; and being Fellow of Merton GoDege' 
in Oxford^ and haying, been Proctor of the \i» 
versity^ and some very \idtty and sharp discouim' 
being published in print Mathout his coDSenV 
though known to be his, he grew suddenly istir 
a very general esteem with all men ; bdng a man 
of great piety and devotion ; a most eloquent aail 
powerful Preacher; and of a conversation sopleik 
sant and delightful, so very innocent and so very 
facetious, that no man s company was more desi- 
red and more loved. No man was more iiegl^;eit 
in his dress and habit, and mein ; no man MM 
wary and cultivated in his behaviour and dil^ 
course ; insomuch as he had the greater achmi^ 
tage when he was known, by promising so IStSk 
before he was known. He was an excellent port 
both in Latin, Gi'eek, and English, as aj^f^eam If 
many pieces yet abroad ; though he suppreMi 
many more himself, espeeiidly of English, inoooi- 
parably good, out of an austerity to those saDifli tf 
his youth. HewasverydeartotheLcMxlFBlklail^ 
vrith whom he spent as much time as he emU 
make lus own ; and as that lord would ittipdk 
the speedy progress he made in the Gredk tongtt 
to the information and assistance he kad km 
Mr. Earles, so Mr. Earles would frequentty pio- 



* AoQpuat of his own Ufe. Fol. Oxon. ir59« p. M 



23 

MB that he had got more useful learning by Iuh 
xmversation at Tew (the Lord Falkland*s house) 
than he had at Oxford. In the first settling of 
the Prince bis family, be was made one of his 
Chaplains, and attended on him when he was 
forced to leave the kingdom. He was amongst 
the few excellent men who never had, nor never 
coidd have an enemy, but such a one who was 
aa enemy to all leaiiiing and virtue, audi tbere^ 
foe would never make himself known."* 

By White Kennet, Bp. of^ Peterborough. * 
'^ This is that Dr. Earle, who from bis youth, 
(I had almost said from bis childhood) for hfe 
i|ataral and acquired abilities was so very emi- 
aent in the University of Oxon ; and after was 
(bosen to be one of the first chaplains to bis 
M^es^y (when Prince of Wales) ; who knew not 
how \fi desert his master, but with duty and loy- 
4ty (suitable to the rest of his great many vir- 
.^pea, both moral and intellectual) faithfully at- 
teded his Majesty both at home and abroad, as 
jl^V^l^ and clerk of his Majesty*s closet ; and 
iqicm his ^jest/s happy return, was made Dean 
tff .Westminster, and now Lord Bp. of Worcester, 
Ifor which Dec. 7, be did homage to his j^ajesty) 
liMdng this high and ilbre feUcity by Ms excellent 
iwf spotlesa conversation, to have lived so many 
|RB9ra in the Court of England, so near his Ma- 



^KlHer ind Chronicle ScclMiastkia ud CItU. foBd. LbliOoDi Ml. 



24 

jesty, and yet not given the least offence to an^ 
man alive ; though both in and out of pulpit b^ 
used all Christian freedom against the vamtiej 
of this age^ being honored and admired byal 
who have either known^ ^eard^ or read him." 

By fTalton. J. " Dr. Earle, j\pw Lord Bishi^ 
of Salisbury, of whom I may justly say, (9Lndld 
it not offend him, because it is siieh a truth as 
ought not to be concealed from posterity, or 
those that now live and yet know hipi not,) 
that, since Mr. Hooker died, nope have lived 
whom God hath blessed with more innocent wis- 
dom, more sanctified learning, or a more pious, 
peaceable, primitive temper : so that this excel- 
lent person seems to be oply like hiniself, and 
our venerable Richard Hooker,** 

By Pierce. * Dr. Earje, Bishop of Salisbury, 
was a man that could do good against evil ; for- 
give much, and of a charitable heart. 

Bp. Earles's will, dated 15 Nov. 1665 is to be 
seen at Doctors* Commons. It is nuncupative, 
" being asked concerning his will, and moved to 
settle his estate by Humphrey, Lord Bishpp of 
London, he said ' I give unto my wife aUj or 
words to that effect. Nuncupatur in presence of 
(besides the Bp. of London) Mr. Chas. Pickl- 
ing, Thepphilus Dunwell, Lodowick Johnscm,' 
iScc. 



J Ufc of Mr. Richard Hooker, 8to. Oxford, 1805. i. 327. 
• Conformist's Plea for Nonconformity, 4to. 1681. p. 174. 



25 



a . ALEXANDER HYDE, ; 

SuccESsiT A. D. 1665. — Obiit A. D. 1667. 



• • 



Wbb first cousin to the great Lord Chancellor 
(Sarendon^ and 4th of the 1 1 sons of Sir Lawr 
t^ce Hyde of Salisbury, Knt. who was 2d.soD 
tf Lawrence of Gussage St. Michael, Co. Dorset, 
W son of Robert of Northbury, in Cheshire. He 
ras bom in St. Mary's Parish, Sarumf 1597, 
tiucated at Winchester College ; then admitted 
6175 paerpetuaJ fellow of New College, Oxford, 
fter having been two years probationer. B. C. L. 
pr. 24, 1623. L. L. D. 1633, 

In May 1637, he was made subdean of Sarum. 
an. 5, 1638, collated to the Prebend ofS. Gran- 
la.m'l in that churchy being also possessed says 
i^ood of a benefice elsewhere. The Oxford hist- 
idan seems to question Hyde's merit in inform- 
ig us of his further advancement, which he adds 
BS procured through the influence of his Kins- 
lan Sir Edward Hyde, Lord Chancellor. In 
S60 he became dean of Winchester, and on the 
sath of Dr. Earles was raised to the see of Sarum 



* Pedigree in Herald's College, ex inform. Beltz. aim. Lane 

t Wood*8 Hi£t. and Antiq. Ox. Gutch and A. O. 4. 832. (edit. Bliifl.) 

$ Ath. Ox. 4 832. edit. Bills, and Hiit. and Antiq. SalUb. Cath. p. 325. 



t 



26 

receiving consecration from the Archbishop 
Canterbury in New College Chapel Dec. 3 
1665^ the King and Queen with thdr Cooi 
bdng then at Oxford* 

He enjoyed the episcopal honors however li 
a short time dying Aug. 22^ 1667, at the age of J 
and was buried, as Wood records, in the & ail 
near the choir of the Cathedral Church of jSsI 
bury. Afterwards a black marble stone was h 
over his grave with an inscription thereon^ beg 
ningashesays ^^Siste viator, hac itur inpatria 
hisce vestigus in Ceelunu'* This inscription 
preserved in the History and Antiquities of Sat 
bury Cathedral, p. 31* and is as follows >- 1 

8Ute Viator 
Hac itur in patriam 
Hie propter situs est Als:kanI>bk Htdb 
FamiUaB (qoam late calcas) pars magna 
Ecclesise quam vides Caput ; 
Cnjas erat in adversis non inconstans filios ; 
In prosperis Reverendns Pater, 
In ntrinsqne Patronus. 
Qttippe utrinsqne hi^nsce saBCuli fortnnse non ignain 
iEmmnis major crat et superstes. 
Par honoribns, 
Adam! instar faelicitate jnxta ac adversis notoa^ 
Adamo fwlicior quod semper innocens, 
Annos ferme duos Episcopatum adornaVit. 

CI3I3CLXVI, et LXVII. 

Ilium Londini ciner ibns 

Hnnc snis mirabilem 

iEtatis LXX m. annum tan turn non transc^ 

Si annos numeres vitam pene hominum vixerati 

Plusquam Itominum, si mores. 

Obiit xi Galend. Sept : An. 1667. 



Rdtt 1723. 8n>. 



27 

Wis oUm ti snb hoc Rcgimine, faettdor po^tba^ 

fti ad hoc exemplar 

Fii^s Tiator, 

Vale* 

he for^mng inscriptioii is 90169 a£i aJlK>ve, tp 
on a brass plate, &ced W,a grave i^ooe, and 
! the inscription are the arms of tl^ chturct\ 
Jisbury empaling a chevro% charged with, 
Qet between 3 lozenges.** These arms are 
ame as the Lord Chancellor Clarendon's. 
>n8tone ascribes them to the family ot 
! '^ of Gnssage and St. Michael^ Co. Dorset,** 
and** should be omitted, the name of the 
being Gussage-St. Michael. 
8 of the Bishop's 10 brothers, the following 
mt is gathered from A. Wood. The eldest^ 
ence, was of Heale, near Sarum, whose v^ 
concealed in her house there K. Ch. II. ip 
ight from Worcester battle, 1651. 2. Sir 
rt, who, by the endeavours of his kinsman, 
cousin) the Chancellor, was made Lord 
Justice of the Common pleas. Obt. ICfGS, 
70, and was buried in the said aisle, wit|i a 
lid monument, and his bust in white mar- 
le inscription begins H.S.KOrdini par pa- 
fratemoque Rob Hyde £q. 3. Sir Henry, 
ssador to the grand Seignior, at Constat- 
te, beheaded 1650, and buried in Samm 
dral. 4. Edward D. D. Fellow of Trin: Colli 
Rector of Brightwell, Berks, whence he was 
d at the usurpation. (For the publicatkms 




•f this Edward, see A. W. ap Bligs. 4. 834.) S, lln 
Sir Frederick, Queen*8SerjeantjI670,aDdaWdd) |{ 
Judge, 1 676 . 6 . Francis, Secretary to the Earl of MiS 
Denbigh, ambassador at Venice, whjsre ob. s. f. \^ 
7. Thomas, L. L. D. 1640, Fellow of NewCoU. 
1639, afterwards Judge of the Admiralty. 8- 
James, the 1 1 th, and youngest, M. D. and Prindk 
pa( of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, ob. 1703, as a note 
by Rawlinson says in Bliss's Wood*s A. O. Vol 4* 
col. 834, but Gutch, in A. Wood's History and 
Antiquities of Oxford, p. 687, says he died 1681 9 
and was buried in the Church of St. Peter in the 
£. at Oxford. Rawlinson must be wrong, for Wil- 
liam Levett succeeded to the headship of Magd * 
Hall after the death of Hyde, in 1681. See A.- 
Wood, Hist, and Antiq. p. 687, and also Athtnas 
-Oxon. Vol. 1. p. xc. where Dr. Hyde's deatb 
Is recorded as happening May 7, 1681. 

The late Adminal Sir Hyde Parker,the 5th Baro- 
net of the family, was great grandson of Bish<^p 
Hyde, being brother of the Revd. Sir Henry 
Parker, D. D. 4th Bart, and son of the Revci- 
Hyde PaAer, Rector of Tredington, Co. Wor- 
cester, who was 3d son of Sir Henry PirkeX"^ 
2d Bart, (being uncle to Sir Henry John Sd} 
which Sir Henry the 2d Bart, married Margarets 
daughter of Bp. Hyde. The present and 7th 
• Bart. Sir William Parker, is grandson of Sir 
Hyde, as above, the 5th Bart. The present Bart* 



hei^fore, \9 5th in decent from the Bishop.^ : 
fip Hyde^s will is dated 17 Jul. 1767; Proved 
!9 Nov. 1667, by Henry Parker and fiifcs Clot- 
erbook. It will be found at Dbctors' Com-' 
Dons, in Carr. 1 6 L The following are extracts 
vdm it. 

^^ Atid whereas heretofone 1 placed into the 
lands of my beloved kinsman, Edward Hyd^ of 
latch Esq. the summeof £1000, which i3 to be 
aade £1400 at a certaine tynie yet to cotne, as 
ppeares by deeds and instruments in my studie, 
lie which I put forth and intended for the use of 
woof my daughters, one of which, namely, my dau. 
largaret, it hath pleased Al. God to take to himself 
fnce that time; and. whereas, I likewise! placed 
1 the hands of one Gabriell Still, in the name of 
ky Bro. Sir Fredk. H. the sum of £'500, to be 
lade up 7 at the end of 7 years, part whereof is 

* Alex. Hyde, Bp< SAnun=pMary Townson, dan : of Bp. Townson and 

neiee pf Bp. Davenaat, botb of Sarain, 
and fint cousin of (.'atherine wife of 
Arch'Bp. Lomplngh » 



I r 

>bert of Weit-==Lady Finetta ManaretsSIr Hen. Parfcerp bt. 






ob.Oct.2», 17U 



iieh, ob t. p. TPope, dan : of 
April 1722 rE.ofDoirne 

Mary, bap. at 

Tisburv, Anr. 

,27, 16ri6 . 

\ p. . , , 

ilgfa:pAnn dan : of John Harry =:dau : of Rev. Hyde—— RtevM 

Smith, romtar. of ob. •.> Dr. HarrltOB Rec. of I . 

Excise, she mar. TwdlnjrtMi f 

afterwards 10th E. Co. -Wore, j 

ofClanricatd i 

I T 



r Henry John Rev. Sir Hen. Parker, D. D . ?*' "?<*£,? */ifri=s!?S? 

Bart, line failed. Hect of Kotherfield Oreyt, 5th Bart. YL AdmJ SrfUthson 

«b. 1771 Co.Oz.obs.p 1721. 4th m. of the bine f 

Y^. — -y- 

Sir Harrv rarker,— Crf swell Sir Hyde, Kt. 

ethBart. 7 AduL of.VMiit« 

Sir Wm. Parker* present 
and 7th Bart. 




50 

already pdd^ and la the handa of the aald Mr. 
Giies Clotterbook, my will 4ad meanii^ u, 
and I do hereby give ftnd bequeath unto my said 
three daughters Barbara Ann^ and £lix. the said 
sum and summes of mon^ as aforesaid,'* &e. 

He gives £20. to the city of Sanim, to be 
employed on the establishment of the workhooflB 
for the education of poor children. He g^ves to 
his daughter Margaret Ptoker ^ the wrought bed 
and furniture which her mother wrought, with the 
bed, bedding, &c. his best coach and 2 geldings* 
To his son-in-law, Mr. Henry Parker, his silver 
chafing dish. To his sister, Mrs. Catherine Goas- 
tar, widow, £5. to buy a piece of plate, aadie- 
mits her a debt of £20. To his brothor, Sr 
Frederick H. his 2d coach, and two of his eoocb 
geldings. To his brother. Dr. Jas. H. 2 Of to 
remaining geldings . To John CastUion, hiH belt 
gown and cassock*** 

'' The dyamonds ^ven to his mother by ()* 
Anue, to his son Robert, and a dyamond ring, 
which are to pass as heir-looms.** He gives to 
the library of the Cathedral Church of Samm, 
his " poliglott Bible of seaven volumes.** To to 
only son and heir, Robert, his lands at Swindon, 
Great Durnford. &c. Besides his 3 unmarried 
daughters, Barbara, Ann, andEliz. he names 
Hen 17 Barber, his son-in-law, and Mr. Gffles 
Clotterbook, bis kirisman. The lease of the im- 
propriation of Grantham, which he holds from 



31 

fe y^nA. of G. he g^ves in trust to Clotterboek, 
" ip bdidof of lus said S daughters." 

There is a portrait of Bp. Hyde in the Palace 
9t Sanun, wliich was rescded from an obscure 
icottage in Wilts, and presented to our present 
exci^n^ Diocesan, Bp. Fisher. 



4. SETH WARD, 

SuccxssiT A. D. 1666.-*Obiit A. D. 1688. 

The following life of Bp. Ward is a reprint 
^ tbat by Dr. Walter Pope, 8vo. Lond. 1697, 
Iftiw become exceedingly scarce. 

« The Life of the Right Rev. Father in God, 
iSeth, Lord Bishop of Salisbuiy, and Chancellor 
ft the most noble Order of the Garter : inth a 
brief account of Bishop Wilkins, Mr. Lawrence 
]flooke, Dr. Isaac Barrow, Dr. Turbervile, and 
pOiers. Written by Dr. Walter Pope, F- R. S. 



-Quid foret Uia» 



liaTortifque Genery li TWtuniitaf , 
Obttaret meritiB in?ida Romuli ?— ^or. 

I^doa : Printed for William Keblewhite^ at tbe Swan in 
Si. Paul's Church Yard, 1697.*' 

Chap. I. The Introductian. — The motives that 
eocoiir^^ed pie to write the ensuing treatise, were 
s^ch as theses viz. 1. The deceased Bp. had 
f;fmfen*ed many fi^vpui'^ upon me, and I thought 




32 

ibis was a fit oppoi-tunity to jmblish mygrati; 
tude for them. 2. That this life was worthy to 
be transmitted to posterity; and that it would 
be more acceptable to the learned that it sdonld 
be done by me, as well as I could^ than not at 
all ; for I have not yet heard of any person who 
has designed^ or attempted it, though there are 
more than 8 years past since he died. 3. I am 
not altogether unprovided for such a work, hav- 
ing, during my long acquaintance with him and 
his friends, informed myself of most of the con- 
siderable circumstances of his life. 4. And in 
the 4th and last place, because I shall ruQ no 
risk in so doing : for, though some may blame 
my performance, yet, even they, cannot but ap- 
prove my pious intention ; and the worst that 
can be said against me, if I do not attain mj 
end, will have more of praise in it than reproach; 
*tis what Ovid says of Phaeton, ^ M agnis tamen 
excidit ausis.' I at fii-st designed to have written 
it in a continual narration, without breaking it 
into chapters, making hiy reflections, or adding 
any digressions; but, upon second thoughts, 
wliich usually are the best, I steered another 
course, I have cut it into chapters, which may 
serve as benclies in a long walk, whereupon tlic 
weai-y reader may repose himself till he has re- 
covered breath, -and then proceed in his way. 
I have also interwoven some digressions, whidi, 
if they are not too frequent, foreign, imperti- 



3d 

ent, and dull^ will afford some divertisement 
!> the reader. But^ I fear, the gate is too great 
[>r:this little city. 

Chap. II. — Of the Bp's. parentagCy birth, and 
^cation, till he was sent to Cambridge. — I thinlt 
t is not worth my paiiis to play the herald, and 
blazon the arms belonging to the numerous fa- 
mly of the Wards, or to tell the world the anti* 
piity of it ; that that name came into England 
¥ith Will, the Conq. ; that there is at present one 
ord, and very many knights and gentlemen of 
r&ff considerable estates who are so called. For 
(apposing this to be trae, (as it is,) it makes little, 
f any things to the praise of the person whose 
ife I am now writing. Fix ea nostra voco. Vir- 
noos actions, not great names, are the best en- 
signs of nobility. There are now, always were, 
ind ever will be, some bad men, even of the best 
kmilies ; I shall, therefore, go no farther back 
imn to his grandfather, who lived near Ipswich, 
n SuQblk, and had the misfortune to lose a con- 
iderable hereditary estate ; whereupon the Bp's. 
iMlier, whose name was John, settled himself at 
limtiiigford, in Hertfordshire, following the em- 
loyment of an attorney, and was of good repu- 
Ition for his fair practice, but not rich. His mo- 
ver's maiden name was Dalton ; I have often heard 
tm co0|mend her extraordinarily for her virtue, 
ety^ aqd wisdom, to whose good instructions 
id connaels^ he used to say he owed whatever 




was good in him. And that this character ww 
due to her^ I have the testimony of that wortbjr 
gent. Ralph Freeman^ Esq. of Aspenden, Hert% 
who has &ithfiilly served his country as knight 
of the shire for that county in several parlia- 
ments; this Mr. Freeman lived in the saiui 
parish, and well remembers the Bp*8 motiiar. 
I never heard the Bp. speak of his fiEttlier, pofr 
iibly he died before his son came to years of dii* 
cretion ; on the contrary, I find Horace vem 
mentions his mother, but is very frequently prun- 
ing his father; but to proceed. John Ward left 
three sons, and as many daughters ; the soni 
were John, Seth, and Clement ; J<^ (fied a 
batchelor, Clement left 3 sons and sefenl 
daughters to the care of his brother Sedi, vbo 
had then no other preferment or income, tlH& 
the place of the SaviL Prof, of Astron. in Oxford, 
and even then, he gave £200 to one of his sisten 
in marriage, which sum he borrowed from a 
friend of his whom I knew, who lent it him upon 
his own bond, without any other security (Aiftar 
a^eXviioixsvog which, let me thus translate, aiatt 
*tis not ^ Cathedra, nodiing doubting, or D0t 
despairing to be repaid, as he was, in a siioit 
time, with thanks and interest. This firiend of 
his, perceived evident signs of a rising man in Mn 
Ward, which must in&Uibly advance him, if SKrit 
alone can elevate, as it has often, without firmidi 
uoder some idngs and some archJipft : and it wB 



k 



30 

^ e ite inly, at long run, if, as the saying is. The 
borfie does not die before the grass is grown* 
For all these male and female children and rela- 
tions beiore-mentioned, he provided moi*e than a 
eompetent maintenance, binding some of them 
apprentices, breeding others at schools and uni- 
wnaties till they were fit for the ministiy, and 
then placed them in good benefices, whereof 
he bad the presentation. He also took car^ 
ef his nieces, and provided them husbands, or to 
ipeak more truly, they married themselves to de* 
lervingmen, and he preferred their husbands. 
I remember he once shewed me a letter he had 
htdy f ecdved from a sister of his, who was i^ 
Dissenter, which began thus, ' Brother/ for she 
would not call a Bp. ^ Lord,' ^ since there is com in 
£gypt, it is not meet that the children of Israel 
dMmld want.* I cannot say that this address 
with him, but I am sure it did not 
him from filling her sack. I will antici* 
pate no more of the Bp's. life, but henceforwards 
preceed methodically. He was bom at Bunt-r 
logford, A. D. 1618, famous for the appearing 
ud long duration of a great comet^ which some 
fpU have to prognosticate the German war% 
which happened not long after; but I may as 
tally say it foreboded the greatness of this man^ 
IBid I do as much believe the one as the other ; 
tknk is^ not at all. His good mother, whom we 
manticmed in the b^;iimiog of the Chap. 

c 2 




36 

taught him herself till he was fit for the gram^ 
mar school, beading the young twig to virtuiv 
and inculcating to him all things that were good 
and praise-worthy^ wherewith he was so wdl 
imbued, that he lost not the savour of her edo^ 
cation till his death. I have often heard him 
say, that the precepts which his mother gave 
him, both moral and political, were not infiarior 
to those which he afterwards found in the best 
philosophers. He had his first rudiments of La^^ 
tin in the grammar school at Buntingford, though 
not the benefit of an happy Institution^ hii mas- 
ter being a weak man ; yet by the encourage- 
ment of his mother, and his own industry aad 
parts, he made such improvement, that, by com* 
(letent judges, he was esteemed fit for the uni- 
versity at the age of 14 ; and, accordingly, he 
was sent to Cambridge, and admitted into Syd' 
ney College, A. D 1632. He was recommended 
to Dr. Sam. Ward, the master of that CMegd, 
by Mr. Alex. Strange, Vicar of Buntingford, 8 
peraon of great integrity and piety, by whose care 
and solicitation, the chapel and school-house of 
that place were ei-ected. This Dr. Sam .Ward WM 
a peiison of that eminency for piety and leamiogy 
that K. Jas. I. made choice of him amongst othei^ 
to assist at the Synod of Dort, and a great firieod 
to Mr. Strange, upon whose recomaiendatiofi, 
he took young Seth into his more especial can, 
lodging him in his own apartment, and allowing 



S7 

a the use of the library; in a word, treatkg 
n as if he had been his owu^ and only son. 
Chap. III. — Q^ his being at Cambridge.-^ 
hen he first w^t to the Univ^* he was young 
d low of stature^ and as be walk'd about the 
'eets, the Doctors and other grave men, would 
quently lay their hands upon his white head, 
* he had very fair hair, and ask him of what col- 
^ he was, and of what standing, and suchlike 
estions, which was so great a vexation to hiiB, 
%t he was asbam'd to go into the town, and, as 
were, forc'd to stay in the college, and study, 
laid before, that he had the benefit of the Coll. 
brary, and our young student shewed this favor 
IS not ill bestow'd upon him, by making good 
e of it, and so happily improving that advan* 
B;e, that in a short tim<3 he was taken notice of, 
it only in th^t college, but also in the Univer- 
y, as a youth of great hopes and learning, be- 
»nd what was usual in one of his age and stand- 
g. All his improvement was the product of 
s happy genius and love of learaing, and not 
ffi to any instructions he received either from his 
hool-master, or tutor, for Mr. Pendrith his tu- 
r, tho' he was a very honest man, yet he was 
f conjuror, nor of any fame in learning. I have 
ten heard the Bp. repeat some part of his tu- 
rn's speeches, which never faiFd to make the au- 
bory laugh. To omit his other studies, for there 
sre no rc^ons of learning which he had not visi? 




38 

ted, I tliink it not improper bene to relate^ tlyttUi 
genius led him tX) tboiae which aM above vulgir 
capacities^ and i*equire a good head^ and greatly 
plicaticm of mind to understand. In tt^ GoU 
Library he founds by chance, some books dtfl 
treated of the Matb^naticSy and thqr hA^ 
Wholly new to him, he enquired all the CkXkp 
ofver, for a guide to instruct him that wtay, bst 
all his search was in vain ; these books wett 
Greek, I mean unintelligible to all the fellows tf 
the college; neveithele^, he took courage and at* 
tempted them himself, propria marte^ without 
any confederates or assistance, or intelligenee is 
that country, and that with so good success, dat 
in a short time he not only discovered those In- 
dies, but conquered several kingdoms th^rdn, asd 
brought thence a great part of their treason^ 
which he shew'd publicly to the whole Univeraitf 
not long after. When he was sophister, he dii- 
puted in those sciences, more like a master tbai 
a learner, which disputation Dr. Bainbridgt 
heard, greatly esteemed, and commended. . Thk. 
was the same Dr. Bainbridge who was afteiwardi 
Savi. Prof of Astron. at Oxford, a learned and 
good mathematician : yet there goes a story of 
him, which was in many scholars* mouths wben 
I was admitted there, that he put upon thesdxM)! 
gate an affiche^ or written paper, as the custooft 
is, giving notice, at what time, and upon what 
subject the Professor wiU read^ which e^ied ii 



9» 

ftese words, ^ Lecturus de Polis & Axis/ nnd^ 
nrhich was written by an unknown hand, as fol- 
lows ; — " Dr. Bainbridge came from Cambridge, 
to read De Polis & Axis, Let him go back again 
ike a dunce as he came, and leara a new Syo- 
Axis.** But this by the bye. Let us return to oui* 
charge; at his act for the degree of B. A. bis 
questions were concerning the Julian and Gre- 
gorian account of the year, which gave occasion 
to Mr. Thomdike, then proctor, to take especial 
notice of him, and intitled him to the acquaior 
tance and friendship of most of his ingenious 
Mmtemporaries, amongst whom, some proved 
afterwards very eminent, as Dr. Pearson, the 
tefM*ned Bp, pf Chester, Sir Chas. Scarborough, 
Mr. Rook. &c. pf some of them, I shall have oe- 
caision to speak elsewhere. In the year 1640, 
fir. Cousins was Y. Chancdlor, and he pitched 
nfHrn Mr. Ward to be his Prsevaricator, which in 
Oxford we call Terrae^filius, and in that place he 
behaved himself to the general satisfoction o( the 
(Riditory; but yet, it must be acknowledged 
ffetat the V. Ch. took some offence at his speech, 
find sfuspended him his degree. Dr. Cousins was 
not an enemy to wit, but perhaps he thought not 
lit to allow it to be so freely spoken, in so sacred 
a place. I say he took some offence against him, 
\Mt whether 'twas given or only taken, I deter- 
mine not ; but however, the next day before the 
fnd of tbe Commencem^it, for what at Oxford is 




40 

called the Act, is stiled by that name at Caor 
bridge, he reversed his censure. The reader nuiy 
imagine his fault was not great, when so sevm 
a judge as 9p. Cousinii should impose no greater 
punishment upon him, and take it off in so short 
a time. 1 had not mentioned his suspensioii, 
neither ought I, had it not, many years afto; 
made a gi'eat noise at Oxford, which we diall 
mention in its proper place. Both Dr. Cousiu^ 
and Mr. Ward, were, not long after, felloY-«if> 
ferers in another and far greater cause ; and he 
certainly suffered without any fault then, what- 
ever he did before. The civil wars breaking out 
the effects of them were first felt by the Bps. aad 
afterwards by the Universities : Cambridge sofler- 
ed first, lying in the associated counties, and sub- 
ject to the Parliament's power ; Oxford, which 
was then a garrison, and the King^s head-quarter^ 
drank of the same bitter cup some years after. 
At Cambridge, several heads and fellows of col- 
leges and halls, wei-e imprisoned for refusing the 
Covenant, some in the town, and some in St 
John's college, made a gaol by the Parlifunent 
forces commanded by the Earl of Manchester, 
and amongst the rest Dr. Sam. Ward, master of 
Sydney Coll. was imprisoii^d, whither Mr. Ward 
accompanied him voluntarily, and submitted to 
that confinement that be might assist so good a 
man, and so great a friend in that extremity. I 
have heard him say, that imprisonment seem'dat 



41 

« 

irst to him very uneasy, but after he had been a 
iittle time used to it, he liked it well enough 
ind could have been contented not to have stir'd 
Nit all the days of his life. The great inconve* 
oience of so close a confinement in the height of 
^ bot summer, caused some of Dr Ward's friends 
tomediate for his removal, at least for some weeks, 
w)iicb was granted ; in the beginning of August 
^ Dr. was permitted to go to his own house, to 
wbich also Mr. Ward accompanied him, and 
anefiilly ministered unto him. Within a month's 
time after his inlargement, the good old man fell 
uito a dangerous distemper, caused by his impri- 
sonment, whereof he died the 7th of Sept. follow- 
ing, A. D. 1643. Mr. Ward, who never left him, 
was with him in the last moments of his life, and 
dosed his eyes, after having received his last 
words, which were these ; " God bless the King, 
and my Lord Hopton," who then commanded a 
great army in the west. What befel him after- 
wards, during his stay at Cambridge, shall be 
the subject of the next chapter. 

Chap. IV. — A continuation of the precedent 
matter. — Upon the death of Dr. Ward, the Fel- 
lows assembled to chuse a new master, Mr. 
IVard, with nine of them, gave their suffrages 
or Mr. Thonidike of Trin. Coll. for Mr. Myn- 
buU there were eight votes, including his own ; 
>ut, while they were at the election, a band of 
oldiers rushed in upon them, and forcibly car- 




43 

ried away Mr. Parsons, one of those Pdlows wlio 
TOted for Mr. Thorndike, so that the number <tf 
suflftages for Mr. Mynshnll, his own being ac- 
counted for one, was equal to those Mr. TI)oni- 
6ike had, upon which Mr. MynshuU was admitted 
Master, the other 8 only protesting against it 
bding well advised, for they should have adhered 
to their votes ; 2 of whom, whereof Mr. Ward 
was one, went to Oxford and brought thence a 
mandamus from the King commanding Mr. Myth 
stall! and the Fellows of Syd. Cqll. to rcpar 
thither and give an account of their proceedings 
as to that election. This mandamus, or peremp- 
tory summons, was fixed upon the chapel door by 
Mr. Linnet, who was afterwards a fellow of Trfn. 
Coll. but at that time attended on Mr. Tt^oro- 
dike. On the other side, one Mr. Bertie, a kins- 
man of the E. of Lindsey, being one of those whp 
voted for Mr. MynshuU, was also sent to Oxfwd 
on his behalf. This gentleman, by the assistance 
and mediation of my lord of Lindsey, procured 
an order from the King to confirm Mr. Mjnashnlft 
election, but he not thinking this title sufficient, 
did cori'oborate it with the broad seal : to wMch 
Mr. Tfeomdike consented ;*Mr. MynshuU paying 
him, and the rest of the fellows, the charges they 
had been at in the management of that affidr, 
amounting to about £100. The next sprii^ 
Mr. Ward and Mr. Gibson were summoned to 
appear before the committee of visitors then at- 



43 

ingot Trill. Coll. and tendered the Covenant^ 
tad other oaths, which they refused^ dedlaring^ 
hNDselves unfiatisfied as to the lawfulness of 
hem. Then they desired to know if the com-» 
ttittee had any crime to object against them ! 
niey answered they had not ; they declared the 
lonon they asked, was, that they understood some 
irere ejected for not taking the Covenant, and 
idien for immoralities ; to which they reoeiyed 
ins answer, ^ that those were words of course put 
into all their orders of ejection.' Such was th^ 
carriage of those commissioners, not only to tak^ 
away the livelihood of those they expdkd, but 
iiso thdr good name and reputation, and so ren-^ 
der them unpitied, and not worthy to be relieved 
la August following, Mr. Ward, who was then 
absent, received the news that his ejection was 
voted and put into execution. Being now ex*- 
fled firom Cambridge, he diverted himself with 
fir. Ward's relations, in and about London, for 
a season, and sometimes with the Rev. Divine 
ited learned mathematician Mr. Wm. Oughtred^ 
Uivited thereto by the love of those sciences^ ia 
MMch Mr. Oughtred had shewn his ability, and 
Icquired a great name by publishing his Clavis 
MmthenHOicce^ a little book as to the bulk, but a 
neat one as to the contents, as the undenstand>- 
ag reader must acknowledge. Mr. Ward was 
» Hreirkiiown, and of so good ^ I'^putatioa at 
taadkridge^ that in his exile he wanted not 




44 

places of resort and refuge, he was invited 
K of Carlisle, and seveiul other persons c 
quality, with proffers of large and honoraU 
sions, to come and reside in their families 
I have heard him say that even then, wl 
was in those sti^ight^ and might have tral 
^ silver or gold,or preferment, I have none/ 1 
proffer'd several rich matches, bnt he had 
cHnation to matrimony, whilst he laboured 
those cii*cumstances. At last he chose to ; 
the invitation, or to speak more properly, U 
to the importunity of his friend and count 
Ralph Freeman, Esq. of Aspenden, Herts, 
parish where he suck*d his first milk, and ii 
his first rudiments of virtue, about 25 mil 
tant from London, he instiiicted his soni 
continued there, off and on, till 1649. Tl 
was earnestly invited by my Lord Wem 
Thame Park, Oxfordshire, about 10 miles < 
from that city ; thither he went, and livV 
time with him, rather as a companion than 
lain, it being more safe for him to be neari 
than Cambridge, and, as it prov'd in the 
much more advantageous, for this was tl 
visible step to his preferment. He was 
this family many months before the Visita 
the University of Oxford began ; the effect 
of was, that many heads of colleges and h 
also many fellows of colleges, were tum'd 
before, at Cambridge; and at last the Vis 



Heacbed the learned and eminent person- Mh 
Edward Greaves^ Say. Prof, of Astronomy^ 
and fellow of Merton College, the same who 
had but a little time before, published that 
kanied exercitation conceraing the measuring 
tte &m'd Egyptian Pyramids near Grand Cairo. 
Although this gent, was for a season screened 
against the fury of the Visitation by some power* 
M friends, yet finding that 'twas impossible for 
lam to keep his ground, he made it his business 
to procure an able and worthy person to succeed 
bim. Upon that design he took a journey to 
London, to advise with some knowing persons 
concerning that aff^r ; and, amongst the rest,with 
Dr. Scarborough, who had then veiy great prac<- 
tioe, and lived magnificently, his table being al- 
ways accessible to all learned men, but moreparti*- 
cnlarly to the distress'd Royalists, and yet more 
particularly to the scholare ejected out of either.of 
t^ Universities for adhering to the King's cause. 
After mature consultation, it was agreed upon, 
by a general consent, that no person was so pro- 
per and fit for that employment as Mr. Ward. 
Mr. Greaves, who had heard much of Mr. Ward, 
but had no acquaintance with him, readily con- 
sented to what they had concerted, and under- 
ook to find Mr. Ward ont^ and make him the 
ifoflTer; and, accordingly, he made a journey to 
bcford. Mr. Ward wholly ignorant of this de- 
gn upon him, or rather for him, rides casually 




46 

from Tbame Park to Oxford^ as he (irequently mscl 
to do, either to consult some books in the pabl|e 
library, or to visit his friends and acgnaintaiisa 
Just as lie was entering the Bear-Inn, he Inckiijf 
meets Mr. Greaves coming out of it, who heiof 
informed who he was, accosted, and courteomljF 
saluted him, testifying his great joy by maqjr 
kind expressions, for this fortunate and udo(> 
pected rencounter : aher which, taking him mie^ 
he imparted his business, the design he had to 
have him for his successor, urging him, witb 
great importunity, not to deny him this favour. 
I remember I have heard the Bp. say, tha^ 
amongst other arguments, Mr. Greaves told him, 
if you refuse it, they will give it to some cobUer 
of their party who never heard the name of Eor 
did or the mathematics, and yet will greed% 
snap at it for the salaiy's sake. But Mr. GreaFM 
was out in his divination, for the other plao^ I 
mean the Professor*s of Geometry, was filled with 
a very learned man in that science, as bis eto^ 
borate works have sufficiently manifested to tin 
world. This address of Mr. Greaves did so saoh 
prise Mr. Ward, that it did at once assault Ui 
modesty, and perplex his council. After masj 
thanks for so gi*eat and unexpected a fik 
vour, he objected the difficu ty of effecting it| 
saying, he could not with any reason expect tt 
enjoy quietly, a public Professor's place in Qxfofd 
when 'twas notoriousLy known, that be was tms'i 



•i* ." , 



47 

Mt of Cambridge for refusing the Coventot. 
Mr. Greaves reply'd, that he and his friends had 
ooosidered that obstacle, and found out a way to 
mmove it, and it was effectually removed a little 
wiiOe after by the means of Sir John Trevor, who 
tiio^ of the parliament paity, was a great lover of 
learning, and very obliging to several scholars 
who bad been turned out of the two Universities. 
Sir John had great interest in the committee which 
disposed of the places of those who were ejected^ 
and by that brought Mr. Ward into the Profiuh 
tor^s chair, and preserved him in it, without tak^ 
ing the Covenant, or engagement* So that the 
Tery same thing that caused his ejection out of 
C!ambridge, was the cause also of his preferment 
in Oxford. The first Astronomy Professor, I 
nean of Sir H. Savile's foundation, was a Caoir 
bridge man, placed in by the Founder^ as was 
also the Geom. Prof, put in now by the visitors, 
the diffa^ence of Universities being not esteemed 
m sufficient obstacle to hinder any deserving per- 
sons from obtaining^ eithei* of these places. Mr. 
Ward being now settled in the Professors chair, 
was, in the first place, careful to express his gra- 
tnde to those persons, by whose assistance he had 
obtained it ; and first to Mr. Greaves^ for whom 
be procured the full arrears of his salary, amount- 
faig to £500, for part, if not all the land allotted 
to pay t^ Sav. Prof, lies in rent, which county 
in <2ie power of the Parliament, who with 




48 

held the money, and it would have heea <fifr» 
cult, if not impossible, for Mr. Greaves, win 
was not rectus in Curiuy ever to have reeoveicd 
it; and he also designed him a considerable part 
of his salary, but he, I mean Mr. Greaves, died 
soon after. To Sir J. Ti-evor, fitther of tkt 
Sir John, who was afterwards Seci'etary of State 
in the reign of K. Chas. IL he dedicated one of 
his books, and therein publicly declares fo the 
world, how many and great obligations he had to 
that worthy person. How Mr. Ward behaved 
himself at Oxford, and what befel him there, will 
be the subject of the ensuing chapter. 

Chap. V. — Of his being at Oxfard.-^koA 
now I have brought him to Oxford, where I fint 
became acquainted with him, I can proceed upon 
more certain grounds ; I promise not to put any 
thing upon the reader now, but what either I 
knew or have heard attested by those whom I 
could trust. Hitherto I have been guided, for the 
greatest part, by what I have received from the 
Bp. himself; casually, and, at several times, I 
am also indebteti, for the names of the Bp's. re- 
lations, to that worthy person, R. Freeman, Esq. 
whom I have had occasion so often to mentioQ 
before, and shall again ; one whom he loved and 
honoured all his life, and to whom, and his hein^ 
he left at his death, the sole power of putting in 
his almsmen, as will be related in its due place. 
The greatest light concerning the Cambridge 



48 

iDsactioiis before related, I received by a few 
ort indigested notes which Dr. Sbmnan had 
Ueeted in order to write the Bp's. life. This Dr. 
lorman was the Bp* of Sarum's chaplain, and 
rdi-deacon of North Wilts, a very learned per- 
Diand would> had he outlived the Bp. have beeq 
e fittest man in the world to undertake (he 
5k, which I, for want of others, am engaged in« 
at he IPS untimely cut off by the small-pox^ 
; the Bp. of Sarum's lodgings in Charterhouse- 
ird, March 24, 1671, many yeai-s before the Bp. 
hose life he had designed to have written. The 
"St thing Mr. Ward did, after his settlement in 
xfbrd, was to bring the Astron. Lectures into 
{mtation, which had been for a considerable 
me disused, and wholly left off. He therefore 
ad very constantly, and, that being known, be 
3ver faird of a good auditory; I have heard him 
ly, and he was no lyar, that in all tlie time he 
yoy'd the Astron. Professor's place, he never 
issed one reading day. Besides this, he taught 
le mathematics gratis to as many of the Uni- 
mity,or foreignei's, as desired that favour of him* 
remember lie told me that a certain Gennan 
riileman made application to him upon that 
x^ount, and that when Mr. Ward was in the 
iddle of a hard demonstration, which i-equired 
e utmost intention of mind to understand, for, 
by inadvertency, one link of it is lost, all the 
t is to no purpose and unintelligible, (his per- 




50 

son iatermpted him, and said Shr^ j/m KHM 4 
fine hey, his key by chance lying then upon tM 
table; ^ 'tis so/ replied the professor, and ptttMl 
end to his lecture, and wonld read nb taKMlk 
that pupil. Besides this, he preach'd fitqueM)^ 
tho* he was not obliged to it, for Sir H. 8afft 
had exempted his Professors from all UnivUi^ 
exercises, that they might have the more kMoriill ' 
mind the employment he designed thett fr. 
His Sermons were strong, methodical, atad dduf, 
and when occasion required, pathetical Mid ^ 
(|tient; for, besides his skill in the mathetoMlil( 
he was a great lover of TuUy, and tmdenitoM 
him vei*y well. In his disputations his argiunMA 
trere always to the purpose, and managed Wift 
great ail;. Iris answers clear and full. I reilMk> 
ber I heard him oppose, in the Act tim^ a htll 
6f a house, who then did exercise for D. D. Afe 
Question was, concerning the morality of the 4l}| 
eomtiiandment, against which he a^rgued, ^Thit 
the same time might be Saturday, Sunday, Ul 
Monday, or Sunday, and any two odier ^ 
equally distant from it : for supposing tth> 1^ 
to set sail from the same port, one westwttid, Ht^ 
cording to the motion of the sun, it wiB nidft 
eveiy day longer than 34 hours, and constiqiMfe- 
ly there must be fewer days in that year; aiA 
the other, which We suppose holds its couirsb Mk> 
ward, must have the contrary effect, &con8eqvMit' 
ly make more^ys in the same space of liiit 



51 

IM ita then suppose that these two ships saiFd at 
tbe same time from the same place, and return 
tldtber that day twelve-oionth, it shall be to on^ 
ctf' them Monday, and to the ot^er Saturday. Or 
fl^pposing /two swallows, with greater celerity^ 
^ make the same voyage, both of them starting 
vspMk the same Sunday from the same place, and 
granting one of them to gain, and the other to 
iMe, about half-a-quart^r of an hour, or eight 
minutes in 24 hours, which they may do, at their 
ntum to the place from whence they set forth, 
tibo* 'twin be Sunday to those who remained there^ 
it shall be to one of the swallows Tuesday, and to 
fte other Friday. Again, if the Sabbath is to be 
Mcounted from sun-set to sun-set, as some ob- 
9tlir^ it, then to those who inhabit under the 
^0ies, |t must be a year long ; for the sun under 
Ae Borthem pole sets only in September, at the 
aiiitomnal equinox, and to those under the south- 
MTO pole it sets only in March, or the vernal equi- 
WCOL To those who lie more northward than the 
•nrtic circle, or more southward than the antarc- 
ttc^ tbe»$unday shall not only be several days, 
tatweeks and months long.** And several other 
Itfgamaits (rf this nature : to all which the re- 
qpuident ^vouchsafed no other answer than this, 
t^mma^hujUsmodi argumenta sunt mere Astr&no- 
mkm. >As mubh as if he should have said, ^ These 
ttre all but ^^monstrations and therefore I think 
4lMmiBOt wo((hgr^C>an answer.* Whilst he con- 

D 2 



52 

iinuea in that chair, besides his pnbUc lectnt 
he wrote seyei*al books, one, De Astrmum 
Eliptica, one against BuUialdus, one about A 
portion^ one of Trigonometry j one against ll 
Hobbs, (who never pardoned him for it to his djm 
day, as we shall have occasion to shew hereaflx 
and one in English, and a jocose stile, agaii 
one Webster, asserting the usefulness of the Ht 
versities. He also preach'd often at St Mai|^ 
to the admiration of all the auditoiy ; some < 
which sermons are published in the coUeotk 
printed for J. Collins. At his first coming I 
Oxford, he made choice of Wadham Coll. to i 
side in, invited thei'eto by the fame of Dr. Wilkn 
warden thereof, with whom he soon contract! 
an intimate acquaintance and friendship, tiM 
humours and studies lying the same way; h 
Dr. Wilkins was so well known, that I need • 
dilate in his praise, for if I should, my near rd 
tion to him, might make my character of in 
suspected, therefore I shall say no more of la 
at present, but that he was a learned man, and 
lover of such ; he was of a comely aspect, ai 
gentleman-like behavior; he had been bred int 
Couit, and was always a piece of a travdl 
having twice seen the Prince of Orange's Coi 

< 

at the Hague, in his journey to, and return fin 
Heydelburgh, whither he went to wait upon 
Prince Elector Palatine, whose chaplain he i 
in England. He had nothing of bigotry, unn 



as 

IMffioess, or censoriousness, which then were in 

the zenith, amongst some of the heads and feU 

lows of colleges in Oxford. For which reason, 

many country gentlemen, of all persuasions, but 

especially those then stiled cavaliers and malig- 

ttnts, for adhering to the King and the Church, 

Hint their sons to that college that they might be 

under his government. I shall instance but in 

tiro eminent sufferers for that cause. Col. Penrud- 

dock, who was murdered at Exeter, and Judge 

Jenkyns, who was kept a close prisoner *till the 

Kiiigfs return, for not owning the Parliament* s 

QBorped authority; these two had their sons there. 

I 'could name many more, who for Dr. Ward*8 

flfe left Cambridge, and brought their pupils 

lift them, and settled themselves in Wad. Coll. 

as Dr. Caspar Needham, and Mr. Lawrence 

BOoke, of whom I have much to say in its due 

1^. The affluence of gentlemen was so great, 

Uiat I may truly say of Wadham Coll. it never 

ibce, or before, was in so flourishing a condition, 

I mean, it never had so many fellow commoners 

as at that time ; tho' it cannot be denied, but that 

k has always had more than its proportion : may 

it for ever flourish and encrease in riches and 

rqmtation ! this I heartily wish, for the kindness 

I have received from it. At this time there were 

ieveral learned men in the University and in the 

tiQr, who met often at the Warden's lodgings in 

ffadham Coll. and sometimes elsewhere, to inir 



i 



54 

prove themitelveA by making f^hiliMciphtcid csfeffivk 
mentB, Some of th^ for I will not uHdertaiA 
to reckon them all up, w^ire Mr. Robwt Bo]4fl^ 
then well known, bat since morefaniim»ift«l 
parts of Europe, for his ^reat piety, and sldll is 
experimental philosophy, and otlKf good lite» 
ture ; Mr. Matthew Wren, afterwards statetmy 
to the Duke of York ; Dr. Willis, Dr. Goddiii 
Ward^ df Merton, and Prof, of Physic at GrdN 
am Coll. in London, Dr. Wallis, Dr. Bathmli 
Mr. Rboke, &c. About this time, that kaniei 
and reverend person. Dr. Brownrig, the qected 
Bp. of Exeter, came and lived a retired life, «l 
Sunnidg iti Berks, whither Mr. Ward, ^vHio wd 
his chaplain, lised td go often to wait upob hm 
lUs Bp. stnt onc6 for him^ and (hillated on fate 
the Precentorship of the Church of Ebceter, the 
incumbent whereof was lately dead, and at tile 
flame time told him, that he was confident the 
King would be restored, and you may liv^ nkl 
he, to see that happy day, tho* I believe I sbaO 
not, and then this, which seems now Sca^ov akfc/if 
knay be of some emolument to you. It fi^ 08t 
as the good Bp. fot*etold, for he died in the dam 
of the Restoration, and Mr. Ward lived to edJQjf 
this collated benefice, which was wbrth to hni 
several thousand pounds. I have heaM him oftes 
declare, that had he not been Chanter of Exeta^ 
he could not have lived at the rate he alwQjfS 
9fter did^ and done those deeds of charity^ i40MHt 



nmmfaigbiiDsdf into so great debt that b^ eould 
MMT be able to pay, and he hated i^othing more 
th^ to lie in any man's debt. To evidence this, 
I remember that afterwards, when be was Bp. of 
8anuQA» be never would go out of the town, either 
to London, whither his business often called him, 
«r elsewhere, if he intended to make any stay, 
bflCDsre /he pa^ alt the tradesmen, with |vhom he 
dealt, the uttermost farthing. But to proceed ; 
fiir.this instrament of his collation, he paid Bp. 
(BnQworig's aecretaiy the f^ll fees, as if h^ were 
fsem^ to take possession of the plo^ee, tbo' this 
ihftppened in tba darkest nigJjLt of despair, whw 
.tfaene appeared no pr(d)abUity, jscant^ely any pw- 
fll^iiity, ithat the sun would ever rise again ; J 
0Man, that the tUng, Laws andX^urob^ ^uld 
4sver be nestoned. I know be was sttAeie^i^ 
ilMigbed at, by some iof bis /Tdends, for so doing ; 
d have beard them ibell Imn, tibey would not give 
Mm balf-rarcrown for bis preoentorsbip, to whom 
Iiejr^>lied, ^ since it wasitbe good Bp'Sr kindness, 
Jiio%be should nev^ make a penny of it, it w^ 
fajMeeptahle to lum, its if )be were to take pos- 
MSBton the Aeiit menept. This ym» the first fi»ir 
tofer ithat ever ^vem in bis garden, »n^ .the 
yiiBtt odal ion of ibis futui^ jicdies j^pd |)refer|ne^t. 

ji. P* l&H. Boftb the iSav. Prof, did t^ieir e^^r- 
10 (»der to prcoeed J). D. »nd when itb»y 
.to jhe pr^seqb^, ibe ,otJier ^olaimed to ,be 

iMBMr. Mr. WArd ^vfm4eA 'vhsA pvetiHipe 



56 

have you for this demand, yoo cant deny but 
that I was your senior in Cambridge.* The other 
urged that he was suspended from his degree, ai 
we have mentioned before in Chap. II. not ra- 
membering, or at least not calling to mind, that 
he was restored before the end of the Corom^oa- 
ment, and completed Master, by the V. Cfaaa* 
cellor*s putting on Mr. Ward's cap before Ui. 
When this pretence failed, he had recourse to 
another, and owned himself to be possessed of an 
estate, whose value put him into the number of 
grand compounders, who because they pay great* 
ar fees, have the privilege to be seniors in aB 
fecuHies and degrees of their year Thus be ob- 
tained the seniority, and paid for it, and enjojfed 
it *till Dr. Ward was made a Bp. But nooe 
this slight difference bred no animosities, or ill- 
blood, betwixt the two professors, and they lived 
in mutual kindness 'till Bp. Ward's death, I 
shall insist no longer upon it. Tho' he was so 
complyant and useful in his station at Oxibrd, 
yet he could never wear off, neither indeed £d 
he desire it, the imputation of being a cavalier, 
and episcopally inclined ; this was often hit in tui 
teeth, as the unpardonable sin, and the leaven of 
the Phaiisees, but it did him no hurt. Amongst 
the rest, a person of honor, afterwards married 
to a peer of this realm, who then lived about 90 
miles distant from Oxford, in a femily wdl 
known to Dr. Wilkins and Dr. Ward^ and cSbm 



«7 

firitad by them. This lady, droUinf with hiiii> 
used these words. Dr. fVard^ I am confident you 
believe the King will come m, and that you shall be' 
u Bishop Madamj replied he, / think neither the 
erne or tht other impossible. But I esteem it so 
improbable^ said she, that if it happens in my 
i^e^ime, I promise^ before these witnesses^ to 
ftesent you with a pair of Lawn Sleeves of, mine 
own handkvorJc, which would be no small marfi^ 
jicatUm to one of our persuasion, said she, laugti- 
ing, for she was a presbyterian, and yet, never- 
theless, which is remarkable, a very ingeniotu 
lady. Dr. Ward I'etumed her his humble thanks, 
adding, ' if there should be an occasion, he would 
give her ladyship timely notice.* And he was as 
good as his word, giving her advice of his nomi» 
nation to the fiishopric of Exeter. She also was 
sot worse than her's, presenting him with the 
first Lawn Sleeves he ever wore ; and still, noU 
withstanding his being a Bp. kept the same 
ftiendship and acquaintance with her a^ before. 
Abopt this time happened a controvei*sy in the 
Uniyersity of Oxford, about formalities, in which 
I bore gi-eat part, and for variet/s sake would 
have related here, but because this Chapter is 
knag enough, I reserve it to the next. 

Chap. VI. The Controversy concerning Caps 
mnd Hoods.* — Chap. VII« fVhat happened to Dr. 

•f mt, mhtsa% iMOf iin|e?aiit to tlie UfeofBp. Wartf^iB onitttdl^- 



96 

fFari at Chfbrd.-^Tm tbe nataml cAot ^ 
eminency to create envy id tboie wba dM^oir Ip 
vrive to it ; the hrighta* the mn sikmm upop 
may body, the darker is the shadow whieh m im- 
•eparable from it. Twas wdl mid of detia. 
iattdy 'tis height makes GrmUham steeple sl|id 
awry. Upon this acoouat. Dr. Ward, as wdl ip 
Dr. Wilkins, became liable to the pemmtiPif 
of those peevish people, who ceased not to clan- 
om:, and even to article against tbem, as cavalkf 
HI their hearts.^ Dr. Ward rid out tibis Atom, 
but fin Wilkins put into the port of vwtrifliOQj, 
carrying the Protector's sister, widow of fir* 
Bet. French, a canon of Gh. Ch. who reaUy VM 
a pious, humble, and learned person, and ae^- 
cdient preacher ; and, if I should say die Jbsit f f 
all that party, I should not ^ve Mm more tbanins 
due praise; in a word, this party were ngUf 
and unmercifully censorious against the mwai 
men, and fondly and ridiculously tender tomuais 
those of their own communion : if a woman lUf- 
|)ened to be got with duld by a moral mai, it 
was in him a reigning sin ; but if it was Jiy a 
ehureh manber, it was a filing whereunto the 
liest saints were subject, not incepting the nw 
after God's own heart This matrim<^f of fir. 
WiHcins, before-^nentioned, did ium good senrice 
at hand, gained him a strong int^^est and auAor- 
ityln the University, and jset him iit safety and 

wtM lbe..reaeh of his ,a4v«i9i^es^ ap4«^4f|p f^ 



9% 

iMtfed tile UirtrersHy from mnniiig into disorttef 
and tenfoBion; but after the Kiiigfs return, H 
WBM for a while a spoke in bis cart, and hindered 
Mb preferment) as we sbali make appear in ill 
doe jdace. About this time the headship of Jesui 
G61L became vacant, and, by the cfinection of Dr* 
ifanidl, the legal, but ejected principal, wte 
fiired privately in that coll., and, by the votes Af 
Ae fellows, Dr. Ward was chosen and admitted 
pri&cipal^ but lie was thought too dangerous by 
die Tilling pluty, and they complained of it to 
the Protector; whereupon he, and the fellowv 
wbo chose him, were cited to appear at Whit^* 
Ittdly and, being there, were severely repri^ 
aumded ; and, in particular, Mr. Vaughan, hnsh 
iher to the late Lwd Chief Justice, and threatened 
to be all expelled, but Dr. Ward was treated with 
great civility, and highly complimented, and dis«^ 
sdssed, not without promise of particular favor. 
'But he was no sooner returned to Oxford, but he 
fiMnd there an order to yield possession to Mr. 
ilowd, one of the other party, and then fellow 
of Exeter Coll. ; and he, I mean Dr. Ward, was 
promised, upon so d<Mng, a stipend of ^^80 per 
annum, which promise was never peiformed, and 
BO he was defeated ; but as all disappointments 
proved generally to his advantage, so did this 
also; for, a short time after, he was not only 
4$lK)sen and admitted, but enjoyed a better placfe. 
Ih. WilkiDS,^Dr. Goddard, smi^, perhapi^ two w 



three knore whom I need not name^ used tbeb 
constant endeavour to oppose the fury and iw* 
cerate the heats of the fier}(y giddy party, and to 
advance the interest of learning; and in order to 
that, they concluded to get Dr. Ward more fim 
rooting amongst them, and did not despair of i^ 
notwithstanding this disappointment. But hoi 
it is necessary fpr me to look a little backwBidH 
In 1649, Dr. Kettle, Pi-es. of Trin. ColL diedt 
he was, as I have heard, an honest man and a 
good governor, but, in his latter time, peeviflh 
and froward, and had never any great stock cif 
learning. When Oxford was a garrison for it 
Ch. the martyr, he would stand at the ColL gate^ 
and observe what persons came to walk in IVis. 
Grove, for that was then the Oxford Hyde Put, 
the rendezvous of the nobility and gentry. I say, 
he took notice of all, and usually had a saying to 
evei7 one of them, which, instead of vexing tbem, 
made them laugh, then would tell the next of 
the fellows he chanced to see, I met some Jack 
Lords going into my grove, but I think I have 
nettled them, I gave them such entertainment 
Uiey little looked for. At my fii-st coming to the 
University of Ox ford, there were innumerable bulb 
and blunders fathered upon him, as afterwardi 
upon Dr. Boldero of Cambridge. Upon Dr. 
Kettle's death, the fellows proceeded to an elec- 
tion of a pi'esident, and it lay between Mr. ChiU 
lingworth, a person justly of great fame for bis 



61 

ling/ and Dr. Potter. Mr. CbilUngwortb 
the majority of votes ; but being then at a 
iderable distance from Oxford, and not able 
nne suddenly and take possession, Dr. Potter 
hold upon Uiis advantage, and was admitted; 
short time after, when the University was 
ed, Dr. Potter was ejected, and Dr. Harris, 
>r of Hanwell, Oxfordshire, put into his place. 
Dr. Harris was a very eminent preacher, his 
rather white than grey, his speech gi-ave, niu 
1, and pathetical ; I never heard any sermons 
;h became the persons who pronounced them 
^ell as his did him. After Dr. Harris's d^ 
e, the fellows chose Mr. Hawes, a loyal, 
aed, and modest person, but of an infirm cou^ 
ition of health ; he enjoyed this headship but 
ttle time, and some daj^ before his death i^e* 
led it; whereupon Dr. Ward, to the great 
tentment and joy of the moral, sober party^ 
elected president, which he accepted, and 
)rdingly took possession of it. He used great 
^nce and care to put all things in order, and 
le the troubled affaii*s of it, governing with 
it prudence and reputation ; but he continued 
bat station a very little while, only till 1660, 
; memorable year for the happy return of K. 
II., when he resigned it to Dr. Potter ; 'tis 
I he left Trin. Coll. and Oxford, tnay 
ivTiSe iifuca for he was contented with his 
iition, and so pleased with a collegiate li£^ 



62 

ttid the charms of that sweet plaee, fehat be wmM 
willingly have remaiaed there the nut nf km 
days ; aod, in order to that, proflfeind Br. Bolkr 
an equivalent, wfaidi wis irefiised ; imt ftt, M 
he resolved to have kept it, he bad it -wanfid 
sufficient ground to dispute ^e title mt imr ; Inv 
though it Eiust be confiessed, Dr. Patter was jli« 
gaily turned tout, yet he never had a tfatntifcb 
right to that placcas is befoi« made jnaaiSest. 
But Dr. Ward not bang wiilliog to oontend, kft 
it, and also resigned his Savilian praleiaorii 
place, and Mtired to London ; what Aiedid then^ 
shall %e the subject of the next chapter. 

Chap. \Ul. Of Dr. Wards being m Ijmim. 
-^^Wcihave observed before, that all diga|ipflhit> 
ments which happened to Dr. Watd, even jinoe 
his first (ejection out of Cambridge, have piwei 
to.his advantage; but this last of not vetaiaiiv 
the Presidentship of Trin. Coll., turned most 
notoriously, not only to his private emolumcflti 
but to the public good also: for, had he Jtept 
that headship, I mean been buried alive in Tria. 
Coll. hiding his glorious light under that bnsbd, 
£zeter and Sarum could not have boasted of s^ 
good a Bp. BJJkd benefactor ; the Church of Eof^ 
land had wanted such a pillar and asserter 6['M 
inghts, and the poor the houses and benefiu^oM 
he has provided for them ; he might have pttb* 
ilished more treatises in divinity and madias 
onatics, but be could not possibly 'hav^ donass 



65 



gtxycL Oil May 89tb, nitkti maite ft peii%^ 
Maal bottday by act of parliament, K. Ch. r^ 
tarmd in glory to hiB kitigdoins, jfrom whicb be 
mA beM utijiudly tidied for many years. He 
tm Be Moeer fixed uildstlMMM^ but be resolved 
» eeittle tbe Cburcb, as by the andent laws 
eMablifibed, to restore and to confirm it, all its 
laiids^ rights, and privikges, of wWcfa it had 
btta saciilegio«»ly robbed and despoiled. To 
Mb end several new Bps. were consecrated, who, 
Itogciher with those who outlived tbe storm et 
ibe parsecntion, were commissioned by the King 
to do it efiectually. l%08e ministers who were- 
ejected out of tik&c livii^ for adhering to tbe 
KiBg^s cause, were restored, and notice was given 
to all who bad any pretension to any ecclesiasti* 
4ltH places or dignities, at, or before such a day 
9oniin&rted, to s^ear and enter ttidr claims, for, 
flfler that ^y, the commissioners intended to fill 
aH the vacamcies in the chutx^bes. You may re- 
ttMidier what I said in Ch. 4th, that Bp. Brown* 
t% bad conferred tbe Precentorship Of the Ch« 
tf Exeter upon Dr. Ward many years before; 
attd now that title which had lain so long doiw 
tMtit, and, as to outward appearance, dead» 
ttwadEed, revaved^and took place, and was accept* 
Ml by *tbe Commissioners, by whose order he was 
HAmitted Precentor; not long after he was chosen 
jDcttD, and, in the same year, consecrated Bp. of 
fitMter. Dttlwg these tmnsactioiis Dr. Ward 




64 

))ad frequent occasion to ride betwiit Loador 
and Oxod, which journey he always peiformed 
in one day, upon a high-mettled, danciii|^ I' 
might say, a ran-away mare^ for almost any 
body, besides him, would have found her so ; tmt 
he was indeed a good horseman, and valued him- 
self upon it. I have heard him say when hewn 
a young scholar in Cambridge, and used to tfdi 
in company of others to London, or elsewhere^ 
he frequently changed horses with those wtio 
could not make their*s go, and with those tir d 
jades lead the way ; but this is to be reckoned 
amongst the least of his accomplishments. By so 
often taking this journey in the heat of the year, 
he threw himself into a dftngerous fever, and lay 
long sick of it in Gresham Coll. which not hmf 
well cured, left in him an ill constitution of 
health during the rest of his life, and tbtf he 
wrestled with it, and bore up against it for manj - 
years, yet he could never subdue it ; morhum UA- 
erare potuity superare vera non potuit. Upon the 
promotion of Dr. Reynolds to the Bp.ric. of 
Norwich, the Church of St Laurence-Jewry, 
became vacant, and it being in the King's gift> 
was conferi'ed upon Dr. Ward, who kept it till he 
was nominated fip. of Exeter, and upon his re- 
signation, procured it for his friend Dr. Wilkiofl^ 
fi^ho was at that time wholly destitute of all eiB* 
ployment and preferment ; for upon the Kin^l 
restomtion, and tlie new modelling of the Um- 



65 

'ireraty of Cambridge, he lost the Mastership o£ 
TViD. Coll. having qo other title to it than the 
{Mresentation of Rich. Cromwell, the short-lived 
Frotector ; however, he wronged nobody, for the 
mcumbeDt was dead, and none pi*etended any 
right or claim to it. And, as if fortune took de^- 
light in pei'secuting him, and heaping afflictions 
upon afflictions, not long after, I mean in that 
dreadful conflagration of London, he lost not 
only his books, an irreparable loss, as I myself 
have since also experienced, but the unsatiableand 
devouring flames consumed and reduced to ashes 
9il his household stufl: his house and his Paraon- 
age also. Add to this, he, I mean Dr. Wilkins, 
was out of favour both at Whitehall and Lam- 
beth, for his marriage mentioned before in Ch. 
5tb ; upon that account, Ai*chbp. Sheldon, who 
had the keys of the Church for a great time in 
iiis power, and could admit into it and keep out 
of it whom he pleased, I mean disposed of all ec- 
clesiastical prcferments, entertaind a strong pre- 
judice against him, so that he was now not only 
without any place, but also without probability 
of obtaining one ; so that his fortune was as low 
as it could be, but he did not stay there long. 
I remember Bp. Ward told me at that time, I am 
much concerned for your brother, and write to 
him oftener than I otherwise should, to keep 
up his spirits, and assui*e him of my utmost as- 
sistance for the. bettei'ing of bis condition, lest 



J 



66 

be should imagine that I, in my prosperity 

be unmindful of him in adversity. Ai 

good words were soon followed with ana 

actions ; he procured for him the Pre 

place at Exeter, which was the first stq 

cended towards a better fortune; then c 

the Hon. Soc. of Gray's-Inn make choice 

for their Lecturer; and, not long after, « 

death of Bp. Hall, he was made Bp. of < 

not only without, but against the consen 

Abp. of Canty. After which, Bp. Wan 

duced him into the Abp's presence and 

who entertain'd him very obligingly, d 

that the prejudice he had against him 

just, and if he had known him sooner, b 

have been sooner pi-eferred. Before Dr. 

was settled in his Bp.ric, a certain pei 

dressed himself to the Abp., and desi 

Grace's recommendation to him for a pla 

gift. ^ No,' replied the Abp., * that I a 

means do, it would be a very unreasonal 

in me to desire a favor from one whose 

tion I oppos'd ; and they ever afterward 

fair correspondence. The two other B 

tinned their old friendship till death, tl 

is not to be denied, that they afterwardc 

in their opinions concerning the Bill 

prehension, the Bp. of Sarum opposing 

the Bp. of Chester, with great zeal, espc 

Upon the translation of Bp. Gauden 



67 

8ter, Dr. Ward, without knowing any thing of 
» by the interest of the D. of Albemarle, and Sir. 
!iigh Portland, then comptroller, and some other 
'his Western friends, whom he had obliged dur- 
g his residence at Exeter, was nominated the 
^ thereof, A. D. 1662. After he was com- 
leated Bp. he put all things in order to go to the 
Hocese, and reside there ; accordingly, he went 
) Exeter, whither we will accompany him, and 
date what he did there in the next Chapter. 

Chap. IX. — Of hh being Bp. of Ejceter. — 
Jpon his arrival at Exeter, he found all things 
n disorder ; the Bp s. palace was in the posses- 
km of a sugar-baker, and put to that sweet use ; 
lie church was parted by a traverse, the presby- 
serians and independants dividing it betwixt 
^lem, which inconveniences the former Bp. took 
90 care to remove, expecting to be translated to 
I better Bp.ric. as afterwards he was. But before 
ire speak of Dr. Ward jis a Bp. give me leave to 
take a short view of what he did when he was 
Ikan of Exeter. He first cast out of the temple^ 
Infers and sellei*s, who had usuiped it, and 
therein kept distinct shops to vend their ware. 
lit his Majesty's restoration, the nonconformists 
hetty being buoyed up by some powerful friends, 
fbo for their private interest drove on, and hoped 
8L4iibtain a general toleration of all religions, ex- 
Bpting Popery, took the boldness to petition the 
king. that the partition in the. Cathedi*al. might 

e2 




68 

not be taken down, that they might enjoy altar€ 
contra altare^ but to give them their due, they 
were so generous as to allow one half of the Ql 
to the use of the Episcopal party, to whom all 
did of right belong, that therein divine servioe 
might be celebrated according to the Act of Fa^ 
liament for uniformity of worship, reserving tbs 
other part to themselves to meet and hold fortk 
in ; but their design was prevented by the earljr 
application of the Dean to the King and Coun- 
cil, from whom he procured an order to re- 
store the Church to its ancient form add shapes 
and remove the innovations; he according 
caused the partition to be pulled down, and re- 
paired and beautified the Cathedral, the expeosei 
whereof amounted to £25,000 ; he also bought 
a new pair of organs, esteemed the best in Eng- 
land, which cost £2,000: But, it may be de- 
manded, how came he by such vast sums of mo* 
ney ? I answer, it was not done out of his private 
purse, but out of the Church revenues ; for aH 
the leases belonging to that ancient and rick 
Church being expired, the renewing of them 
caused that plenty. But now let us consider cor 
Bishop. He first retrieved the Palace out of tbc 
hands of the sugar-baker, whom his predecessor 
found and left in quiet possession ; he replaced 
it and made it habitable, for it was very ruinoi^ 
having been deserted before the civil war by the 
Bps. who lived in other houses ; he took care of 



69 

cecatiDg his Majesty's letters, commanding the 
Qgmentation of poor Vicarages in that Diocese, 
ad did it effectually ; he also encreased the Pi'e- 
laids' stipends from 4 to £20 a-year : he kept his 
ionstant triennial Visitations, in the fii*st whereof 
lejconhrm'd many thousands of all ages and dif- 
ferent sexes ; he also settled the Ecclesiastical 
Courts ; and, without any noise or clamor, re- 
duced that active, subtile, and then factious peo- 
ple, to great conformity, not without the ap- 
probation even of the adversaries themselves. At 
tiiis time, Falmouth, from an inconsiderable vil- 
Jage, usually called ^ Penny-come-quich^ being 
grown a great and beautiful town, equal, if not 
jmperior to Truro, procured a charter from K. 
.Ch. wherein the new name of Falmouth was 
established, and a penalty put upon those who 
.^uld call it by its old scandalous nick-name. 
"The people of this new Town had also built a 
Aately Church, and sent to the Bishop, entreat- 
ing him to consecrate it, which he did, dedicat- 
ing it to the blessed memory of K. Ch. the mar- 
^, having fii'st taken care that about £100 per 
iuin. should be settled for the maintenance of the 
minister. During his residence at Exeter, he 
pdned the love of all the gentry, and had parti- 
Kilarly the help and countenance of the D. of 
Ubemarle, who, in all things, shewed himself 
GKMSt ready to assist him in the execution of bis 
iiisdictioD. The Bp. did not leave Exeter till 




70 



he had made that Bp.ric. better than he ibniMl 
it, which he did by procuring the Deanery of St 
Burien, near the Laad's-end in Cornwall, to fib 
settled upon the Bps. of Exeter for ever, by the 
King's letters patent, after the death of Dr. Weck^ 
[T^^ykes] whp then was the Incumbent ; he M 
not this to profit himself, for be had no prospeet 
of ever being the better for it, *twas only for the 
pleasure of doing good : it did not become mi 
till Bp. Sparrow's time, who was Bp. WanTs iitt- 
mediate successor ; he firet enjoyed it, and it 
does still, and I hope ever will continue in the 
possession of the Bps. of Exeter, and thdr 8o^ 
cessors. Dr. Thomas Wykes, the last Dean rf 
St. Burien, was heretofore chaplain to Abp. 
Laud ; I have often seen his name to the licens- 
ing of books, particularly to Ovid's Metamof', 
translated by Mr. Sandys, and printed 1648. 
He had wit enough but it was not in a wi» 
man's keeping, as it often happens ; this appcan 
by an answer he gave to K. Ch. I. when be was 
in Cornwall, in the time of the civil wars. The 
Dr. being well mounted, and near his Majesty, 
the King spoke thus to him, ^ Dr. you have/ ^ 
pretty nag under you, I pray how old is he ? To 
which he, out of the abundance of the quibbks 
of his heart, returned this answer ; * Please yoor 
' Majesty, he is now in the 2d year of his mgn,' 
pleasing himself with the ambiguity of the sound 
of that word, signifying either kingship or hrUkf 



71 

^reiii.] The good King did not like this uu^ 
iBannerly jest; and gave him such an answer as 
he deserved, which was this ; ^ Go, you are a 
fooV While the Bp. was at Exeter, as he told 
me at my return from Italy, he received a letter 
from me, dated at Rome ; when there were some 
ef the Church and citizens with &m, he craved 
leave to open and read it, and when he had done, 
put it up into his pockets ; then some of the com- 
pany took occasion to ask him whence it came ; 
he replied, from Pope at Rome. In a trice it 
was buzz'd about the city that the Bp. was a 
Papist, and held correspondence with the Pope ; 
jMid this would have been believed, and have 
passed for current amongst those who rejoice to 
bear ill of Bps., if he had not timely undeceived 
them. Upon the exaltation of Bp. Sheldon to 
the See of Cant^. Dr. Henchman, Bp. of Saram, 
vas translated to London, and Dr; Hyde, a kin»- 
maii of the Chancellor, from being Dean of Sa^ 
ram, was made Bp. thereof, upon his death, for 
)ie enjoyed it but a short time. The Bp. of Ex- 
eter, by the K's. favour, was made Bp. of Sai*um, 
A. D. 1666. After the ceremony of the transla- 
tion was over, he set forward for Sarum ; I waited 
on him at his first going thither as Bp., and 
isgent much time with him there. He was very 
Mceptable to his Diocese, innumerable person^ 
bmning in throngs to meet him, and striving who 
fhould be forwardest in shewing him respect; 



72 

but what was more remarkable, the tide of thd 
love and affection for him was not then at tb 
highest, but still- flowed and encreased as long a 
he lived, as we shall make appear in the neil 
Chapter. 

Chap. X. — Of his being Bp. of Sarum.'-^ASbet 
his public ent*ry and reception, which was 91 
great as the place could afford, the mayor and 
aldermen in their formalities welcoming him, the 
school-masters of the two free-schools at the head 
of their scholars congratulating hun, two clxHce 
boys pronouncing latin orations upon that sub- 
ject, full of his praises, and declaring how hap[9 
they esteem'd themselves to have such a Bp. sent 
them as it were from heaven. His first care was 
to beautify and repair the cathedral, tho' it did 
not want much reparation, for to the etenuJ 
honor of the loyal gentry of that diocese, whott 
names I wish I knew, that I might, as muchafl 
in me lies, consecrate them to posterity, during 
the whole time of the civil ware and the King's 
exile, when there was neither Bp. nor Dean 
to take care of it, they employed workmen la 
keep that sacred and magnificent pile in repair. 
I have been told by some who then lived in Sa» 
rum, that they have several times seen men at 
work, sometime on the inside of the church, and 
other times on the outside; and asking them 
by whom they were set on work, received tlu8 
answer ; fhey who employed us will pay uSj traih 



73 

\t yourselves to enquire who they are^ whoever 
arcj they do not desire to have their names 
ti. There being therefore not much to be done 
> the reparation, he employed himself in the 
ration of the cathedral : first, at his proper 
ges, paving the cloister, I mean that side of it 
)h leads out of his garden into tlie church. At 
xhortation,and more than proportionable ex- 
^ the pavement of the church was mended 
re it was faulty, and the whole quire laid with 
te and black squares of marble, the Bp's. 
.n\ and all the Prebends' stalls made new 
magnificent, and the whole church was kept 
lean, that any one who had occasion for dust 
throw upon the superscription of a letter, 
lid have a hard task to find it there. I have 
I many metropolitan churches, but never any, 
, not that glorious fabnc of St. Peter's at 
ne, which exceeds the imagination of all those 
) have not beheld it, was kept so neat as this 
is time ; nay, the sacrifice therein was as pure; 
*e might be heard excellent preaching, and 
Be service celebrated with exemplary piety, 
lirable decency, and celestial music. His 
t care was to repair, I might almost say re- 
d, his palace, wliich was much ruined, the 
1 being puU'd down, and the greatest part of 
house converted to an inn, having a passage 
led through the Close wall to give entrance 
be market people, and other travellers, who 



74 



came thro* Harnham from the western parte; 
what remained of the palace was divided into 
small tenements, and let out to poor handicraft* 
men. This dilapidation and spoil was the work 
of one Van Ling a dutchman, by trade a tailor, 
who bought it of the Parliament, when Bpg/ 
lands were exposed to sale. See Salisbury Ckmtt^ 
Part I, stanza 20. His expences in alterii^ 
repairing, and rebuilding, amounted tx> abovi 
£2,000. there being little or nothing done in or- 
der to it by his predecessor, who had the cream 
of the Bp.ric. While he was thus employed, I 
remember he came to me one morning, and de- 
sired me to take a turn in the church with Wm, 
he having a private way, as I have saFd before, 
thro' his garden and the cloisters ; when we were 
entered. Come, said he to me, which think ytfti^ 
will he the most convenient place for me to b^ 
buried in ? Ohy my Lord^ said I, may that iinf 
be far off. Come, come, said he, tell me yaiMT 
opinion, for I am in earnest. Whereupon we 
viewed several places, and at last agreed npcHi 
that whei*ein he now lies interred ; so that it is 
not tnje of him, what Horace said of a noble Ro- 
man in his time, struis domos, immemor sepuUkfi 
While he was Bp. of Exeter, he had made, as I 
may call it, the Notitia of that Bp.ric. with no 
small pains and industry, which he bestow'd, upon 
his removal to Sarum, upon Bp. Sparrow his sa^ 
cessor ; which proved not only an ease, but a light 






75 

Mid guide to him in the management of his ai^ 
fiurs. ' After he settled at Sarum, he begaa» 
and in a short time finished, such another book 
for that dioeese^ wherein were particularized all 
the Rectories and Vicarages in that Bp.ric, all 
the Patrons' names, with their undoubted and in^* 
disputable titles ; as also the names of all the In;- 
cnmbents, with their several qualifications, as to 
eonformity or non-conformity, learning or ignor- 
ance, peaceable or contentious conversation, or> 
thodox or heretical opinion, good or scandalous 
liv^; for all which, he had framed peculiar 
tnarks, which he shew'd and explained to me. 
He found by daily experience, that this stood him 
in great'stead, and did him imminent service ; for 
when any clergyman of his diocese came to him, 
as soon as he heard his name, he knew his char- 
. aeter, and could give a shrewd guess at his busi- 
tites, and so was out of danger of being surprised. 
He had not been long thus employed, . after his 
'Arrival at Sarum, when he was seized with a 
Violent looseness, and a scorbutical atrophy, for 
^ieh, by Dr. Sydenham's advice, he betook him- 
sdf to ridings upon Saioim plains, which he con- 
tinued the latter part of the summer, all the au- 
Inmn, and as often as the weather i)ermitted in 
winter. That he might perform this exercise 
with more convenience, and not neglect the af- 
jfairs of his Bp.ric he borrowed a house of the 
Carl of Abingdon, at BishopVLavington, situa- 




76 



ted in a pleasant and healthfiil air^ near the end 
of the plains N. of Sarum, in the center of Wiltfl^ 
and so moi'e convenient for any of that county 
who had business with him, than Sarum ; it wai 
also about four miles distant from the Devizes, a 
good market-town . Hence he set out every day, 
except Sundays, if the weather permitted, nay, 
and sometimes when it was not seasonable, for 
we have been often caught in storms of rain and 
anow, and forced to seek shelter on the lee-sids 
of the next hay-rick we could gallop to. We 
used to ride 10 miles forwards, or tantamount ^ 
by our watches, before we returned ; and, after 
dinner, we repeated the same, or the like journey. 
The Bp. continued this exercise, till, upon ac- 
count, he had travelled more than 3,000 miles. 
The longer he rid, the stronger he grew, so that 
be did not only tire me, but even the grooms 
and servants who used to attend him, that he 
has sometimes been forced to content himself 
with the company of one of the meanest fi«^ 
vants. This exercise set him right, and, I maj 
truly say, it was the only time that ever any 
Physician's Recipe did him good ; — yet he was a 
great lover of them and their prescriptions, and 
very libeml, I may say, prodigal, in his fees to 
them. He also delighted much in physical books, 
which wrought the effect upon him which they 
usually do upon hypochondiiacal persons ; that 
Uy made him fancy that he had those diseases 



77 

irfaich he there found described^ and accordingly 
take remedies for them. He would take pills and 
potions when he had no need of them, from which 
not only I endeavoured to divert him, telling him 
^twas spending the ammunition before tbe town 
was besieged, but even Mr. Eyres [probably Eyre] 
his apothecary, a veiy honest and skilfsul person, 
who died Mayor of Sarum, has joined with me 
in that request, even against bis own interest. 
To keep his Diocese in conformity, he took great 
care to settle able Ministei*s in the great Market 
and Borough Towns, as Reading, Abingdon, 
Newbeiy, the Devizes, Warminster, &c. ; and, 
because they are, for the most part, Vicarages 
of small value, as prebends in the Church fell 
void, he bestowed them on the ministers of these 
towns. He also used his endeavour to sup- 
press Conventicles, which so angered that party, 
that in the year 1669, they forged a petition 
against him, under the hands of some chief clo* 
tiuers, pretending that they were molested, and 
their trade ruined, and that some of them em- 
ployed 1,000 men, others 800, and that this per- 
secution took away the livelihood of 8,000 men, 
women, ana children. But it was made appear 
at the council-table, that this petition was a no- 
torious libel, and that none of those there men- 
tioned to be persecuted and ruined, were so much 
as summoned into the ecclesiastical court ; as also, 
that many whose names were subscribed to that 




78 

petition, knew nothing of it: so that instead of 
lessening the Bp's. favoui* with the King, tbqr 
augmented it. Let this be said once for all, b$ 
was no violent man, nor of a. persecuting spirit 
as these petitioners represented him ; but if at 
any time he was more active than ordinarjr 
against the Dissenters, it was by express cooh 
mand from the Court, sometimes by letters, and 
sometimes given in charges by the Judges of tin 
Assizes, which Councils altered frequently, novr 
in favor of the Dissenters, and then again in op* 
position to them; as it is well known to those who 
lived then, and had the least insight into public 
affairs. *Tis true he was for the Act against .Coq* 
venticles, and laboui*ed much to get itpassed^ 
not without the order and direction of the great- 
est authority, both civil and ecclesiastical, not 
out of enmity to the Dissenters' persons, as they 
unjustly suggested, but of love to the repose aiKi 
welfare of the Government; for he believed if the 
growth of them were not timely suppressed, it 
would either cause a necessity of a standing arr 
my to preserve the peace, or a general toleration, 
which would end in Popery, whither all things 
then had an apparent tendency. That Act had 
tliis effect, it shewed the Dissentei-s were not sa 
numerous and considerable as tliey gave thenv 
selves out to be, designing thereby to make the 
Government believe it was. impracticable to qudl 
them; for when this Act was duly executed, it 



79 

It an end to their meetings, as it was evident 
his Diocese ; for in Sarum there was not one 
onTenticle left, and but a few in the skirts of 
i^Uts, bordering upon Somerset, where, for want 
f a settled militia, by reason of the non-age of 
le Duke of Somerset, the Lord-Lieut, of that 
oonty, they sometimes met in woods; but, 
pen complaint, theu* meetings were suppressed, 
ad his Majesty was pleased to own and accept 
lus as good service to the public, and to en* 
ionrage the Bp. in it. But a little after, I know 
lot upon what ground, the weather-cock of the 
Coart-Council turned to the contrary point, and 
one Blond, a person notorious for stealing the 
erown out of the Tower, and offering that bar* 
Inrous violence to the Duke of Ormondy being 
rf a sudden become a great favourite at Court, 
and the chief agent of the Dissenters; this 
Blond, I say, brought the Bp. of Sarum a verbal 
message from the King not to molest the Dis^ 
•Bntei^ : upon which he went to wait on his Ma- 
jttty, and humbly represented to him, that there 
were only two troublesome non-conformists in his 
Diocese, whom, he doubted not, with his Mar 
jesty^s permission, but that he should bring 
to their duty, and then he named them. These 
tare the very men, replied the King, you must not 
meddle with; to which he obeyed, letting the 
NTOfiecution against them fall. 
Chap. ^Xl.^-^Conceming the Bp's. hospitalify. 




8U 

-—Bishops are commanded by St. I'^ul to be bc»- 
pitable ; never did any yield more punctual obe- 
dience to that apostolical injunction, than thii 
Bp. of Sarum did ; for be it spoken without any 
reflection, no one in that county, or the diocesi^ 
that ever 1 heard of, kept constantly so good a 
table as he did, which also, as occasion required^ 
was augmented. H^ used to say, that he expect- 
ed all his brethren of the clergy, who upon aoj 
business came to Sarum, should make use of bis 
table, and that he took it kindly of all tlie genttf 
who did so Scarce any person of quality passed 
between London and Exon, but if their occasioos 
permitted, dined with him. The meanest Cu- 
rates were welcome to his table, and he never 
failed to drink to them, and treat them with all 
aflfability and kindness imaginable. He oiten 
told his guests, they were welcome to their own, 
for he accounted himself but their steward 
Never was there a more hearty entertainer ; I 
have heard him say, 'Tis not kind, nor fair, to adi 
a friend that visits you, " will you drink a glas§ 
of wine?" For besides, that by this question yoa 
discover your inclination to keep your drink, it 
also leads a modest guest to refuse it, tho' he de» 
sires it : you ought to call for wine, drink to hiiDi 
fill a glass, and present it ; then, and not 'till 
then, it will appear whether he had any inclina^ 
tion to drink or not.' When any persons <rf 
greater quality than himself came to Sarum, ai 



61 

there mot tmfreqiieiitly ,did in their way to Ire^ 
laiidy be went to their lodgings and invited them. 
lb hinisel^ and never failed to treat them very 
splendidly. He knew not who dined with him, 
ynksBy as I said just now^ they vrere of his own 
invitation, 'till he saw them at the table. After 
Borning prayers, which he sddom, unless upon 
vgent ocx»sions, missed, he constantly vealked 
sp to Us chamber, and stayed there 'till a ser- 
lant brought word that dinner was upon^ the 
tiUe. Afler dinner, if any extraordinary com- 
pany were present, he would stay with them, 
drmk a dish or two of coffee or tea, while they, 
ths had a mind to it, drank vrine, whereof there 
WM plenty, and of the best When the bdl Yi/fd; 
toiM the Samm phrase, to evening prayers^ 
An he called for his habits and went to church, 
carrying with him, for the most part, all the 
cQiipany, who were obliged to go to prayers with 
Um out of eivifity, if not devotion. Bendes 
vhat he gave away at the Pilace gate, whare he 
canstantly relieved a greats number of poor, he 
ctquired after those the French call pauvres 
^tfiteux, who wanted and were ashamed to 
b^, and sent them money to their houses. He 
kid also a band of pensioners, if I majr so call 
tim, the number whereof was limited, but I do 
not lemember of how many it ccmsisted ; these 
vin paid weekly, and as one died, another was 
ufestltuled; and those poor people who could 



w*_- 



d^ 



get themselves listed in t|iis troop, counted tlietiP 
selves sufficiently provided for, if not for thdr 
own, yet for the Bp's. life, for the continual 
tion thereof, they daily and heartily put up their 
petitions. He never went to take the air, which he 
used to do very frequently, but he gave liberally to 
the poor, not staying till they asked, 'twas enoiq;]i 
if they stood in the way, or casually met him oa 
the plains ; nay, I have often seen Mm call IboK 
who were at a distance from him, and expected 
nothing, and give them money. When hk coadi, 
or if he went a horseback, or any of his retinoe 
appeared in Harnham, through which we usuallj 
passed t0 the hare warren^ all the children wonM 
immediately leate their play, and cry out, mf 
Ld^ Bp. is comings my Ld. Bp. is coming. Upofr 
which alarm, all the poorer inhabitants appear 
at their doors, praying God to bless his Lordship, 
and received his alms. He never went from 
Sarum to London, or upon his visitation, but he 
was accompanied pai't of his way by many of 
the citizens, I may say of all, who either had 
horses of their own, or could pi^ocure them fcr 
love or money, wishing him a happy journey, B 
speedy and safe retura. Both at his going foitii,' 
and returning back to the cUy^ all the way frM' 
the Palace to the Close Gate, used to be lineA 
with regiments of poor, many whereof upon theur 
knees, with their hands elevated to heaven, loud- 
ly, and, I dare say^ devoutly, and heartily prayin; 



83 

Ood either for bis good journey, or praising hini 
for liis return in safety. I write not this by 
hearsay J but as an eye and ear witness, aild that 
DOt once only, but very frequently. I have said 
before, he often rode out for his healthy and 
when we were upon the plains, I say we, for I 
was his JidtAS Achates^ as constant to him as the 
shadow to the body; sometimes we by chance 
chopt uponi the dogs, and sometimes, by my con-^ 
trivance, knowing whereabouts they intended to 
hunt , but however, and whenever it happened^ 
the Bp. would ride a ring or two very bri^ly^ 
but when it came to picking work, or cold 
hunting, he would leave them and proceed in 
bis promenade; but first I was sent to invite all 
the gentlemen to dine with him, whether he knew 
them or not ; and this not once only, but totiea 
quoties as long as his health permitted. Our 
iuring was usually to a hedge in Shaston road^ 
about 10 miles distant from Saioun, thence we 
vetumed, and reached home by dinner time^ 
Yet, notwithstanding his hospitable way of liv- 
ings and splendid treating of persons of quality, 
\m alms, his private and public benefactions, of 
wiiich we shall treat in the next Chapter, I may 
bcddly and truly say, there never was in that, oc 
any other Episcopal See, so careful a steward^ 
for >8o he used to term himsdf, or so good a ma^ 
nager erf the Episcopal demesnes. I have heard 
him say, if these lands had b«en mine own, either 

fS 



4 



84 

by purchase or inheritance, I could not have 
been so solicitous tOipreserve them from damage. 
He had good woods, about 6 or 7 miles fima 
Sarum^ of which he cut annually so much as hs 
made use of in repairing or building the Pabo^ 
and sold only so. much as defrayed the prioe of 
coals which he burnt in his kitehen: ndtiher 
would he suffer one stick to be cut dowii'£Mr way 
other purpose, though often solicited thereoata 
I remember he told me, I am resolved, whoever 
succeeds me, shall have no occasion to be sony 
that I was bis predeoessor in this Bp.ric^ for I 
will leave it better than I found it; and he did 
not &il to be as good as his word, as we sbU 
make manifest in the next Chapter. He used 
once every year, and sometimes a&enesr, lide to 
the woods . above-mentioned and visit all tke 
coppices, and ask the woodward several qno- 
tions, and give him strict charge concemu^g tlie 
mounds, fences, &c« But for all this, said he to 
me, for I alvmys accompanied him whenever k 
i*ode out, these fellows may easify cheat me, hty 
IsupposCy wff Jrequentbf coming hither tmam^ftt$ 
to them, and seeming so mqtdsUive, will mJ» 
them more cautious. To shew his care yefc te- 
ther, even when the King*s Commissionecs eune 
to Sarum to buy timber for the Royal Navy, te 
would not consent to the felling of one tree ttt lie 
had received the King'sexpresi orders JEbr aodong* 



95 

- Chap XII. Ctmceming his Acts of Charity. ^^^ 
We baye diedared in Chapter 9 what he did for 
the Church of Exeta*, I mean his procuring the 
Semiery of St. Burien, to be annexed to the 
Bps. of that pfeice. It is our work now to shew 
Irhat good he did to the Bp.ric and city of Sa- 
mm, and whether he left them better than he 
fraud them. He was very kind to the city, grant- 
fbg ttem whatever they desired of him ; and in 
particnlar, his picture at full length, in his garter 
AiIms, the work of Mr. John <jreenhill, who was 
a scholar of Sir Peter Iicly, an excellent pain- 
ter : this piece is set up in the Town House, and 
esteemed as an inestimable relic. He also re* 
aeiHred to- the City a lease of the Mansion-House, 
Attd 9ome lands, which were formerly my Lord 
Atidley^s, Eaii^ of Castle-Haven in Ireland, which, 
fhr that Lord^s committing crimes not fit to be 
Mutted; and bdng convicted and executed, be- 
erne forfeited to the Crown, and so fell to the 
Bjp., to whom' all forfdturea are granted by the 
Bang's I^ettersPatent. For doing this, he would 
aebqrt of no other gratuity than a pair of gloves, 
mr an acknowledgment. He also contributed 
Urgdy towards making the river navigable, not 
«iiily With his money, but advice ; and dug the 
firtt spadeful himself when they began that work. 
Ifcafao made several journeys in their bdialf to 
: tbfc'King and Council, andanswei-ed the objec- 
tions which several Hampshire gentlemen made 




m 



against it, as I have briejSy mentioned in Hnf 
{Salisbury Canto, p. 1 . stanza 23. To the Bpjjt 
of $arum he was also a great benefiM^tor, Iv 
prevailing with the King to annex and unite tf 
ijt for ever, t^at honourably and not unprofitaUe 
place, the Chancellorship of the most noU| 
Order of the Garter,* the ensigns whereof aiet 
medal of gold hanging upon a chain of the saoi 
metal ; and he was the first Protestant Bp. who 
bad the honour to wear it. And here I think it 
will not be impertinent to give a short history 
of this office. The 1st Chancellor of the Garter 
was Bp. Beauchamp, A* D. 1450, and that 
honor w^ enjoyed by his successors the Bps. of 
Sarum, till the time of Cai-dinal Camp^o, wbo 
having in<;urred the displeasure of K. H. 8th fo 
differip^ from him in the matter pf the divon^ 
retired to Rome, and died there A. J). 1639, and 
lies buried in the Church pf Santa Maria Tni 
Tevere. Then had the Bps. of Sarum enjoyed 
that honor 89 years, since which time H l^ ^ 
ways been in the hands of laymen, till it pleased 
K. Chas. li. iipoii the humble petition and claim 
of Dr. W^rd, to restore it tP him and his sup- 
cessors the Bps. of Sarum for ever, after ^he death 
of Sir penry de Vic, the last Lay-Chancellor, 
and after it had been out of the See 132 years: 
the Letters Patent bear date Nov. 25th, A. D, 



* [See the Extract from the Bp*8 Gommon-pUce-l^ook in the AdINT^* 
EpitJ 



sr 

I. He was also y^ forward and liberal in 
moting any good design in the way of learn* 
, as Dr. Castle, in bis Epistle Dedicatory be* 
t bis learned Lexicon testifies in tbese words. 
Unimvero universal bee literee^ plus minus 

00 tantum mihi porrexernnt, ad promovendum 
IS, in quo millenas plures infoustus exbausi, 
eter plurima, atque ingentia valde, quae con^ 
xi debita, Quid quod prse nominatae CoUectse 
nmae pars maxima, £400 scilicit librse, pro- 
ratione atque opera solertissima prudentissi- 
ique Rev^ admodum in Deo Pat' Setbi Dom/ 
f Sar:* intra 14 dies fuerant cunquisitse/ 1 have 
urd tbe Bp. speak with pleasure conoeiiiing this 
lection, saying, the £400 was contributed by 
t Clergy of the Dioceses of Elxeter and Sarum 
If; but his niodesty would not permit him to 
i ine what proportion thereof he gave. But the 
atest and most seasonable act of charity and 
)lic benefisu^tion, was building and endowing 
t noble pile, I mean the College of Ma^ 
DS, for the lodgment and maintenance of ten 
bws of orthodox clergymen. I have often 
rd him express his diislike if any one called 
in hospital ; for, said he, many of these are 

1 descended, and have lived in good reputa- 
; I would not have it said of them, that 

^ were reduced to ah Hospital, but retired to 

Speaking of tbe Kiiig*8, tbe Abpa*., and otbcr B]^\ Lettefi Con»; 



» CoU^i wfasdi iam * more bowmrable ratod 
He aciMiisted himself fortimate ia purehaMf 
free4aiid irheneiqioa to erect this fiiifariG> and jirt 
fBMt f(Nrtuti£i;e that it was in the chise ; iat itd 
k lain any where efee^ he must have besn alike 
diarges of agreater stmctuie, and cndawiqg j 
Chaplain^ which was now needless, the CSati» 
dra) being so near^ wherennto thej might m/k 
ease, and were all of them engaged to vepaiti 
both morning and evening, and stay oat tla 
whole time pf prayers, under a pecuniary pmlty* 
During his life he put in the widows htmsdf, and 
at his death, he L^ a catalogue oi the names of 
ethers whom he knew, w by the lecommeadai 
tions of others bdieved to be fit objects of Isi 
charity, these were ne3ct in successioo^ and A 
terwards the election was to be in the Deaaaad 
Chap, and theBp. of Sarum, altenm victhtM^ Tib 
Coll. of Matrons is a strong regular bnikfiq^ 
wifhin the Close of Sarum, and a great ovMr 
meat to it It is fitted fi>r the receptioa of tos 
won^n, the widows c^ CMfthodox Ministepi of 
the Diocese of Sarum ; and in case thore shosM 
not be found so many theran, their vacaaqf il 
to be supplied out of the Bp.ric of Eixeler, bflk 
I fear this will never happen. They have spdk 
two chambers and a little garden peculiar to 
themselves. To the maintenance thereof tk 
Bp. settled more than £200 a-year in free-bad^ 
which lies In the ndghbourhood ; qver i^ giti 



89 

• piafled in Isttefi of gold the inscriptioii fidloir* 
lags ^ ]>. 0». M^". Collegium, hoc Matrm^ 
mmm HumiUime UedicavU Sethus MjpUcopuM 
ftriM, 4nn0 Domini MDCLXXXIL** Two 
fmn ^ftcr^ he built an HoBpital at Buntingford, 
Herti^ the place of Ins nativity^ for ten poor aged 
IMD,. aOoiiing each of them jg 10 per ann., which 
ii mlBo a noUe structure, and bears this iasorip- 
>F-A« D. IS84. This Hospital was Erected 
Emdawed ly Seth Ward, D. D. JLofW JSmAc^ 
if Sqlisburji, and CbanceUar of the Most Noble 
fitder ef the Oarter. fTho was bom in this 
ffaiMy wiikm the Parish ^ Aspenden, and edu^ 
e$ltad M the Free^chool of Buntingford. These 
jKier.men are put in by Mr. Freeman, and his 
iMini for ever. Besides this, he augmented the 
M^end of the Minister and the Schoolmaster in 
thittown. Though I am conscious that I have 
■Qt enumerated idl his benefoctions, yet I will 
— clnrtfi tisiis Cihqpter with his erecting of 4 SchoU 
nrtiips at Ch. CdL Cam., and endowing them 
Wtii JBIO per ann., which in that UnivarT. is 2| 
tiMiderable allowance, the Scliolarships there 
leiog generally inferior to those at Qscford, as 
flia. Fellowships better. He had designed to 
Isfe placed tlds bis bene&ction at Syd. College, 
hut upon some disgust, altered his intention, 
Ibqughit is not improbable but that that CoU^e 
reftoe his proffar upon very good rea* 
for at Oxford na College will accept ^ be- 




90 

Aefoctlcp^ which only encreascB the nmnimr ef 
Pellows, or Scholars^ for thereby the Society ai 
rather injured^ than profited^ unlesB the BemfiMii^ 
tor also builds Chambers for their tieoeptipn, tm 
ti^ung away fix)m the Fellows so many pupiht 
but on the contrary, a bene&ctor who wiU.ii» 
crease the stipends of the members pf tbespcieljii 
will alw^s be very gratefully remembered . 

Chap. XIII. Of his fHends.-^Shovld I :eoor 
merate all bis friends whom I knew, I most fill 
two or three leaves with names and titles^ and 
tbis Chapter would look like a Money JU)^ 
wherein the Commissioners were aU particiibrijf 
set down. I shall not therefore use that drf 
way, I will insert but few, and those distriboled 
into several classes ; accoi*ding to .the laudiAb 
custom of England, giving precedence to. tb 
female sex, and placing them in the van. Eva 
from his unjust expulsion outof Cambridge, wtudi 
we have mentioned in its due p^ace, he neverm 
destitute of friends of the fair sex, till some fev 
years. before his death; never without proflfeO'flf. 
wives much beyond his deserts, as the markets 
go in SmithfifM, to several of whom, he, to lof 
knowledge, recommended good husbands^ and: 
his recommendation was effectual ; of these I wSk 
mention but one, for whom he also procured i 
good Parsonage, and he shall be Mr. Gibson, a 
contemporary, a fellow-coUegian and feUow» 
6uSei!er in the common cause; he many yeu^ 



91 

after, when bis children were like olive- braoohes 
*idx>ot. his table, came from Herts to Saruin, to 
give the Bp. a visit, and accosted him in- this 
mannei*. ^^ My Lord, I am come to wait upon 
ycHir Ijd.ship, and to return my most humble 
aad hearty thanks for your many and great kind- 
nettes to me, I owe all to you, you have got me 
ttk that I have in this world except my children* 
T^ reason why he did not marry then, as I 
iMife received from himself, was this ; he had not 
aok estate or preferment sufficient to maintain a 
wife suitable to the fortunes which were proffered 
with them. And that he would not put it in 
tlie power of any woman, if they should happen 
to disagree, as thei*e are few, very few, if any 
inarriages, without dissentions, those being, the 
liappiest where they are less frequent, to upbraid 
liifli, that she had made him a man, and that 
|Md it not been for what she brought, he would 
not have been worth a groat. Being made a Bp. 
first of Exon,. and afterwards of Sarum, and 
ftasequently become greater and richer, 'tis not 
to 'be imagined those proffisrs should diminish, 
I Wn certain they increased ; I knew several per- 
mtm of great quality and estates, who found 
WBjrs to make it known to him, that if he would 
address himself to them in the honourable way 
^f oMrriage, he should not want a kind enter-* 
taimnent. But at that time he was furnished 
|ritii ano^har reason to continue in celibacy, he 




tihoiii^t it not uolowfbl^lwt indeoent, Sk wBbkf 
to marry; perhaps he had in h» eye the fiMerf 
one of his predeceaiorSy Bp. Abbot, wlio Httniil 
qfier he was Bp. of Sanun, and upon tlmt » 
count reodved so severe a rsprinmd jfimi Ml 
brother the Abp. of Canterbory, and laid il il 
much to hearty that it aooelanrted bis desft^ 
Upon these reascms he oontiniied nnmanM til 
his death. But this rare example has bett fill* 
lowed by none of his profiassiotty tsMepimifyJk. 
Barrow, as we shall have occasion to shew bM- 
after. "Hs time now to take my leave of tie Mhi 
and proceed. While Bp. Ward resided at' £» 
ter, George Duke of Albemarle began his fipiesJ* 
ship with him, which continued* and wagmatUA 
till his Grace's death ; he £d many good cIlM 
at Courts and ddended him against the damMRi 
md calumnies of the fiinatics. The Bp. also tm 
iorviceable to the Duke, he instructed his sea is 
the mathematics, he also waited upon him fie- 
quently while he was in health, and was neitf 
absent from him in his sickness ; he was irtdi 
btm in the last mommts of his life, he gave Km 
the Holy Sacrament, closed his eyes, and pfeaiM 
his Funeral Seimon, which was printed^ both by 
itself, and amongst his works, publiriied by I. 
CoUios, as above-mentioned. To him I will add 
the Earl of Sandwich, Vice Admiral of Siqjiani 



^ (^ tbe li«» of AbbQi» tke dik Bp. Id Ptrc tt. tan-.} 




lM>#ai luB contemporary in Cambridge, a great 
vcr [of] and very skilled in the mathematiGS, 
A most fiunoos for his skill in maritime affairs, 
r his not only adventuring, but sacrificing his 
fe Seht his country. The next shall be my Lord 
hancellor Hyde, who had the Bp. in great 
iteem, and treated him with intimate fiEtmiliarity. 
remember when we were at Astrop Wells, he 
nt the Bp. a pleasant letter by his youngest son, 
terein, amongst other things, he strictly en- 
W8 not to infuse any mathematics into him, 
V fear they should render him unfit to be a 
lolitician. To which the Bp. returned in an- 
iBcr, that he would obey his Lordship*s ^mn- 
saads^ and principally because De Wit was a 
uncfUB instancy that a good mathematician 
lOQld net be an able statesman. The gentleman 
i4io brought this letter, together with my Ld. 
?luilkland, my Ld. Roxborough, and several 
itiier of the nobility of England and Scotland, 
mrished at the memorable shipwreck of the 
Bkmoester, which was then carrying the D. of 
ITotk to Scotland, upon the Lemane Ore, on Fri- 
iBBj May 5th, 1682. This story is so wonderful 
ppid honourable for the English seamen, that I 
nuinot forbear tiling it here ; *tis an amazing 
kfaiiig;, that mariners, who are usually as rough 
19 tiie element they converse in, when inevitable 
death was before their eyes, and to be incun*ed 
vithin a very few minutes, that mariners^ I say. 



to pat him into a boat, and permit 
Miu to enter into it, but those be i 
the sinking ship, fot' fear of overladii 
soon as tbejr percared tbe' boat clea 
and the Prince out of danger, ths 
them should throw up their caps, ani 
acclamations and huzzas of joy, as 
obtained some sign^ victory over tt 
and in this rapture, sink to the boti 
ately, at the same instant concludii 
and their jubilation. Many reflecti 
made upon this remarkable story, bi 
haste, leave that work to others. I 
sitively determine whether my Ld 
was in. earnest, and believed that i 
would render those who understood 
to manage State affairs ; but, if h( 
into tbe scale against him another 
and politician, the late Duke of Laut 
has often declared in the presence ol 
sons of quality, from some of whc 
that in his opinion the Bp. of Sar 



93 

teany vistts, as tbey might coriveniently do, their 
iMKises in the country bdng at a small distance 
Mie from the other^ and often consulted about 
public affairs ; nay^ after tbey went several ways 
in Parliament, though their intimacy was at end^ 
yeA their mutual esteem continued^ I have seen 
a printed speech of the Earl, wherein he treats 
the Bp. very honourably, preferring bis speeches 
before the rest of his opponents, as havidg more of 
argument in them, and being closer to the purpose^ 
, Chap. XIV. — A continuation of the former.'^ 
If I dioidd persist in this way of enumerating 
the Bp*s friends : there's one, there's two, and so 
€•» Wee faggots, I should fire the Reader and 
myself; therefore, as to those that remain, I 
riiall jserve them up in clusters, excepting two or 
three, concerning whom I intend to treat, more 
at large. The Bench of Bps^ had that esteem 
for him, that they selected him to obterve and 
n^ly to the Earl of Shaftesbury, if he should 
move any thing to the detriment of the Church ; 
for this Earl was a person of great ability, and 
had a peculiar talent to promote or hinder any 
thing passing the House of Peers. To mount a 
step higher, our Bp's. probity, wisdom and ability 
to manage the great and arduous affaii's of State, 
WAS in jso great esteem for a considerable while, 
that h^ was spoken of both at Court, and in the 
City» as the fittest person to supply the place of 
thiB Abp. of Cant^, Lord Keeper, or Lord Trea- 




Jip.nc of Unrbam, alter Bp. Cou 
' Pray, my Lord,* said I, 'accept it, i 
borsei there, and the -long jonn 
Bishop's Auckland and 'Durbtun, i 
much to the mdlorating of your hea 
plied, * I just now entered it in my bit 
this day I refused it.* I r^Hed, ' and 
' why did you so ? * Because,* said hi 
like the conditions ;' but what they n 
have been unmannerly in me to enq 
did not think it convenient to teil m 
refusing; so rich a Bp.ric, is so greai 
self-denial, that I have reason to fe 
be cret^ted upon my single testimoi 
therefore, call in another witness a| 
there can be no exception, to corrob 
be shall he no less a person then 
Bp. of Durham, whom not long al 
Reading, bdng then there with the B 
in his visitation, I having had thi 
have been acqufunted with the Bp. 



d7 

bnt he did not think fit to accept of it/ And 
^Bce, now, I should add the Nobility and Grentry 
rf Wilts, Berks, Devon, and Coniwall, whose 
Diocesan he had been, but I remember my pro- 
(nise to ease both the i^eader and myself. I pro- 
ceed to the gl'eatest of his friends situated in 
high places ; he was very much in favour with 
the King, and the Duke of York, before he de- 
clared himself of the Romish persuasion, whom 
be treated magnificently at Sarum, and also with 
the Abp. of Canty, who used to entertain him 
with the greatest kindness and familiarity ima- 
finable. In his common discourse to him he 
ved to call him ^' Old Sarum ^^ and I have heard 
^ Abp. speak of him more than once, as the 
ptrson whom he wished might succeed him. 
About this time, as it is notoriously known, 
tiiere were intrigues carried on by a party at 
Court, to introduce the Romish Religion, and 
make the power of the King unlimited and 
arbitrary, whei^unto all persons were to obey 
without reseiTe ; which words were in one of the 
Awlamations sent to Scotland. But the Bp. of 
Saram not swimming with the stream, he lost at 
. fcsBst, one of his gi-eat friends, and with him his 
fi&vour at Court. The effects whereof appeared 
not long after ; the manner thus : — the revenue 
belonging to the Order of the Garter, was usu- 
flliy received by the Chancellor, and he paid the 
offieers and the poor Knights of Windsor, the 

G 




98 

mrplus the King had formeiiy granted toi^ 
Henry tie Vic, and it was ^oietly possessed/bf 
him till he died, ont of which he was to dAnff 
the charges and fees of admission of fiore^ 
Princes atid Noblemen who were dectedialp 
that Order ; for this, also, the Bp. of Sanm 
had the King's hand, which grant had beei^ $m 
and in^vocable, had the Bp. sealed it with Ibt 
Seal of the Order which he kept in his posflol* 
sion, or caused it to pass the usual offices wiBoii 
had been easy for him to have done then, . bmg 
in much favour at Court. But he made vseof 
neither of these corroborations, and aftemwdi 
smarted for it sufficiently. In the last yearif 
the reign of K. Ch. II. and the firat of the {M» 
cipitous decay of the Bp. of Sarum^s inteOi^ 
tuals. Some sagacious Courtier found out 'a isv 
in this grant, whereupon the Bp. was sodt for op 
to London, and obliged to refund the utt^rmort 
penny, which in so many years, amounted to I 
considerable sum, all which his Majesty took 
without any scruple or remorse. 

Chap. XV. — Concerning tnyself.'^Yoa may re- 
member at the beginning of the last Chi^). I 
thi*eatened to ti*eat at large of two or three of 
the Bp's second-i*ate friends; and here, as the 
saying is, I will make bold to christen mineourt 
child first, for charity begins at home, and take 
this opportunity to put in my claim toliMilt 
glorious title. I say^ therefore^ and proclaiiiit 



99 

lie worlds that I was bis hearty, intinuita^ 
1 unfeigned friend. I doubt not, but tb^t 

proud assertion will provoke some tpsty 
•fiishioned Philosopher to take me up severelfy 
t such an inconsiderable fellow as I, should 
mme to style myself a friend to so great ^ 
[ate, since it is evident out of Aristotle, that 
cUia est inter pares, where there is no equar 

there can be no friendship. But I pray 
t Sir, have a little patience, and hear how I 
md myself against ipse dixit ; I will make 

of the shield of Horace, who lived in s^ 
Lter Court, and may be presumed to underr 
id good manners as well as Aristotle, aud ( 
Le no doubt, but that he had as much wit 
This, I rather believe, because he did pot 
k fit to trouble the world with ei^telechias, 
ties, and quiddities, and such ot^er abstruse, 
itelligible, metaphysical uQtions. I say this, 
ijBUiie uses the word Friend reciprocally betwixt 
^aenas and himsdf ; QUibd te sartitus amiqim* 
. in another filaee jubesque esse in andcorum 
ero. Nay, he goes yet farther^ and boldly 
8L^ that he deserved to be so, and that who- 
fdoubted of it must esteem Macaenas a fool, 
not able to choose a worthy friend, when be 
: MO much care and caution about it. Pre- 
'm cautis dignf^s asfumere. But I shall no^ 

pace with Horace so far, I only asseit, th^t 
3 waqnot a ^preatcr inequality bc^ti^t ^^ 

e 2 

1 /o/>.S 



loo 

Bp. of Sarum and me, than betwiict MacamI 
and Horace. Our Poet was meanly deseeuM 
and poor, Macsena^ had the Etrurian Kingtf 
blood in his veins, and was immensely rich, and 
what is yet greater, chief favorite to Augustus, 
the most happy and glorious of all the Ronm 
Emperors, and Governor of Rome, the Quccii 
of Cities, and at that time the greatest and 
richest town in the known world. Having thn 
made the way plain, I hope I may say witboot 
contradiction, that I was the Bp. of SaronA 
friend, and he was mine. • But some may yet 
object. How will you make' this nppeai* ? Hani 
a little patience and read on. I did him all tin 
services in my power, I suffel'ed cold with MiB 
upon Salisbury plains, and heat in his chambefB, 
where there was always a great fire, though he 
did not use to sit by it : I made it my business to 
delight him and divert his melancholy, najr, I 
may truly say I profited him too. I presented 
him with an excellent pad-nag, in whom he 
took much delight, not permitting any one to 
ride him besides himself, and valued him so 
highly, that he refused 55«^. which Mr. Bapt. 
May, Privy Purse to K. C H. offered for hfan; 
but this nag afterwards imfortunately died by a 
tread upon one of his hinder heels, notwiA- 
standing the joint endeavours of the best fetf- 
riers to cure him : but I forget myself. I am 
writing the history of horses. This nag was 



101 

given me by my honored friend Chas. Lid. CliC- 
ibfd^ whose kindness I can never enough ac- 
knowledge, and whose death I can never suf* 
ficieotly lament. I presented him also with 
fiome curious books which I had collected in my 
travels, and I taught him French and Italian, 
and went through several treatises with him in 
tho^ languages. I read to him frequently till 
By eyes, by a vehement inflammatipp, were use- 
less to me, and rendered me less serviceable to 
him for above a year s time. This uialady was per- 
fectly cured, by God's blessing, upon Dr. Tur- 
bervile^s application, as I have gratefully ac- 
knowledged in the 18th and 19th Stanzas pf the 
ficBt part of the Salisbury Canto. I hope, there 
&re, *twill not be thought, that the Bp*s kind- 
9es8 to me was wholly undeserved, for arnor ut 
J^la vices exiget I acknowledge he was veiy 
kind ai^d obliging to me^ but yet, I would not 
)iave tbe i*eader run away with the opinion, that 
hd heaped mountains of gold upon me ; I had, I 
acknowledge, my diet and lodging with him as 
long and as often as I pleased, and when we 
tovdlcd together, or to speak Math more respect;, 
tt^ben I accompanied him, or attended him in 
loy journey, be defrayed my charge^ as one of 
lis retinue ; besides thi^, I npver received of him 
lireetly or indirectly, in money or money's 
rorth to the value of j£10 ; and after his death 
ly name Was not so much as mentioned in th^ 



UnW, and it cdiinot be imag;itied that I ieaqfUti 
any reward for writing his life now^ ao many yttti 
after he has been bereaved of it, thdi* I Gottfeai 
he did more than once proflfer me money, wfaea 
I was sick in London. To what I said befeici 
that his fietvors were not wholly undeserved^ I 
will take the boldness to add here, ndtber wm 
they wholly cast away, for they fell into pioi 
ground, and have produced a gratitude in ne^ 
wliich lives and increases still tho' he is dent 
Tis not every one that will continue his devih 
timis and thanks-offerings when the Altar ii 
turned to dust, and the Siaint removed. Sfe 
did as great and greater iavbrs to muif 
others ; whicii puts me in mind of that Ayii^ 
ih the Gospel ^' were there not ten (Realised Mirt 
what is become of nine of them T not any retm- 
ing thanks besides this one« Tliere are yet two 
other good friends of the Bp. and mine abo, 
who must not be pasited over in silence ; person 
of that eminency for learning, ptety, and virtue, 
that I never thought myself worthy to unlooR 
their shoe-latchets, tho* they did not make Mt 
figure in the world as those great ones mentioiRd 
in the last chapter. These were Mr. Ltwf. 
Rooke, Prof, of Geom. in Gresham College, Aid 
Dr. Isaac Barrow, of whom we shall treat in 
.order, in the ensuing chapters, only begging km 
for a small digression between, concerning Dn 
Twbervile. 



108 

Chap. XYL^Of Dr. 7iirJ<?n;ife.— Having 
camaUy mentioned Di*. Turbervile, in the prece- 
dent chapter^ I should esteem myself unpar* 
dooabky as guilty of the greatest ingratitude^ 
to dismiss him in so few words ; him to whom, 
imder God, I owe my sight, a blessing, in my 
0pinkni, equal, if not preferable to life itsdf 
mthout it. It was he, who twice rescued me 
fiom blindness, which, without his aid had beea 
awMToidable, when both my eyes were so bad, 
•timt with the best I could not perceive a letter 
inabook, nor my hand with the other, and 
^tew worse and worse every day. Therefore^ 
though I might t)*eat of him as a friend to the 
Sf^. 1 ohose rather to introduce him as mine, 
^ktcame I was more intimately acquainted with 
Idm, and as it appears, by what has been said 
befoK, infinitely obliged to him. Dr. Turber- 
vile was bora at Wayford, Somersetshire, 1612, 
mt an andenC equestrian femily, there being in 
tha church of Beer only, the tombs of no less 
^tbaa 15 Knights of that name, as I am credi- 
iily iafortned, for I confess I have not seen them, 
<By bis mothei's side, he was nobly extracted 
tmm the fitmily of the Dawbignies,* which has 
' aflforded this kingdom many peers : this name 
dkl his mother's father, who was also his god^ 
^ptber, give him, when he was baptized. Upop 

•^■<»— ^■^— •* ■■ ^^l**— ■ ^^— ^ ■ 111 II ■■■|ill»M ■■¥' ^^— — ■ ■ I !■ '^ 

* fDatibeny.] 



104 

his going to the University, his mother advised 
him to make the diseases of the eyes his princi- 
pal study, assuring him he would find it turn to 
a good account. He was admitted in Oiid 
College, Oxford, and there took the degree tf 
M. D. When the civil ware broke out, he kft 
the Univereity, and bore arms in defence of the 
King, Church, and the Established Laws ; he 
was in Exeter when it was besieged, and till 
it was surrendei'ed to the Parliament forces. 
Whilst he was shut up therein, he and his com- 
rade run in debt £100 each, in chalk behind Ae 
door : he told me that his Landlord came into 
their chamber leading his daughter by the band, 
and courteously proffered to cancel the debts of 
either of them who should marry her : the Dr. 
valiantly resisted this temptation, and chose 
rather to pay his debts in ready money, wind 
he did shortly after ; the other accepted tb 
terms, and had his wife^s poition pi'esently paid 
him, viz. his scores wiped out with a wet £shr 
clout. By the articles, the garrison might re- 
turn to their dwellings, and live there unmo- 
lested ; he accordingly went to Wayford, and 
married his only wife, by whom he had no dul- 
dren, and who died a few months before Wm. 
At his own house, and at Crewkerne, the next 
, adjacent market town, he practised some time, 
but finding those places not capable to entertain 
the multitude that resorted to him, he removed 



105 

London with an intent to reside there ; but 
air of that city not agreeing with his consti- 
ion^ he left it, and fixed his abode in Saiiim, 
ence he madeseveml journeys to London, either 
m his own occasion, or called thither by some 
sons of quality, wanting his advice. Once he 
8 sent for by the Duchess of York, to cure the 
incess of Denmark, then a child, labouring 
der a dangerous inflammation in her eyes, and 
)reaking out in her face, the cure of which had 
en attempted in vain by the Court physicians, 
lese despised Dr. Turbervile, looking on him 
a country quack, and demanded what method 
would use, and to see, approve, or reject his 
xiicaments, before he applied them, which he 
iiised; telling her royal highness, that if she 
sased to commit her daughter to his sole man- 
ement, he would use his utmost endeavour to 
re her, but he would have nothing to do with 
3 physicians. He told me, he expected to learn 
mething of those Court Doctors, but to his 
lazement, he found them only spies u})on his 
ictice, and wholly ignorant as to the lady's case ; 
jr, farther, that he knew several midwives and 
I women, whose advice he would rather follow 
in their's. The Duchess yielded, the surgeons & 
fsicians were dismissed, and he alone entrusted 
;h the lady ; whom, to his great reputation and 
ne profit, in few months, fewer than could be 
^ected, he perfectly cm'cd of both those dis- 



106 

tempers. I said some profit^ for tho* the Doke 
ordered him JS600. he could never receive mora 
than half of it ; which^ considering the quality <tf 
the patient^ the expence of the doctor's jourdqr 
to and from London, and for iod^ng and ^ 
there, his long attendance at Court, and neg^eel* 
ing other patients, can not be esteemed a cMh 
jpetent gratuity. Many years after he was eaftd 
up again, by one of the greatest and aneienteit 
peers of this kingdom, to whom, after having at- 
tentively inspected his eye, he spoke after tlik 
manner ; — ^ my Lord, I might bear you in band, 
(a western phrase, signifying to delay^ or keep n 
expectation) and feed you with promises, or at 
least hopes, that I should cm^e you in some oooh 
petent time, and so cause your Lordstup to beat 
great expence to no purpose"; I cannot cure yol^ 
and I believe no man in England can.' The 
Earl answered, 'such and such will undertake it 
for jeiOO.' To which the Doctor replied, *I l»fc 
€0 great an honor for your Lordship, and m 
much wish your welfare, that I will joyfully giro 
loo guineas out of my own purae, to the pendi 
who shall restore your sight in that eye ; I coiii 
fess I am not able to cui*e it, but I can reduce ft 
to a better figure/ Thus they parted : this noUes 
man is living, and in a veiy eminent station at 
my writing this, but has not recovered that 
eye J nor is in any hopes of it, being long since 
convinced it is incurable. Dr. T. was no boaster, 



m 

ndr would he );>rbmise to cure any distemper; Ijittf 
iHlen patients came, be would first look into 
(beir eyes, then tell them their diseases, and hit 
Apittkm concerning them ; to some he would say/ 
^^foU^ne indurable/ and wottld not meddle with 
Hkem ; to others, 'that he had often cured such a 
flMdady, and sometimes faird of it, but if they 
#Mrid make use of him> he would do his best. 
life igeneralljr prescribed to all, shaving their 
iMsads and taking tobacco, which be had often' 
known do much good, and never any harm to 
tiie'^yes. He did not rely upon two or tfauM 
^vmters or powders, as most do, for he thoroughly 
lUnderstood all the simples and ingredients, con^ 
dncitig to the cure of eyes, compounding mediis' 
atnents out of them, with the manner and seasoti 
ef applying them. He has often said to me, du- 
iAbg my long being under his band, after inspect- 
ing my eyes, * I know what to ^ve yon now, but 
cannot tell what I shall to>morrow ; this water 
would make others blind, but your eyes will bear 
It.^ Hence it follows, that it is at best, but by 
chakice, if such maladies are cured at a distance, 
I mean when the diseased are so far removed 
irotn the artist, that he cannot visit them often 
Ibid observe the operation of the medicaments. 
I bave fl|aid before that the Dr. was loyal ; I will 
tald, he was also a pious man, and a good christ- 
iaiVi^ that he constantly frequented the public 
pnq^rs and sermons, and often received the hcly 



106 

sacrament with exemplary piety and devotioiL 
Add to this ; he was far from being cx>yetoi»; 
he cured the poor gratis, and recdved fiwi 
others what they pleased to give him ; never, thit 
I knew, making any bargmn for so modi io 
hand, and the I'est when the cure is perfected, as 
some do. I could not force any thing upon liiiDi 
for his medicines and extraordinary car^ waim 
it were a cane, a tobacco box, or some new hoA, 
though I was indebted to him for all the com- 
forts of my life. He has cm'ed several whp were 
bom blind, but I do not look upon ttiat as so 
great a thing ; for the cure of such, if curable, for 
there are several sorts of cataracts uncurabl^ 
consists wholly in knowing when the connate 
cataract is fit to be couched, in having a steady 
hand and skill to perform that operation, to be 
able to prevent, or, at least, remove the pains 
which usually follow, and sometimes kill the 
patient ; but to reduce fallen and inverted ey^ 
lids to their proper place and tone, to cure inr 
veterate ulcers and inflammations of a blackish 
colour, requires a consummate artist. Hie labcr^ 
hoc opus est. To proceed; his fame brought 
multitudes to him from all parts of this and the 
neighbouring kingdoms, and even from America, 
whereof take this instance: I met casually a 
friend upon the Exchange, who told me, as he 
was walking upon Tower-whaif that momioj, 
he saw a young woman coming out of a boat^ 



bo as soon as she had set foot on land, kneeled 
own and said these words, which he being near, 
rerheard. * Oh Lord God, I pray thee, that- 1 
lay find Dr. Turbervile living, and not make 
ns long voyage in vain.' To whom he replied, 
Madaih^ be of gootl comfort, he is alive, and 
Q good health, I have received a letter from 
om very lately.' * Your news,' she answered, 
is more acceptable to me than if you had given 
tne £1000; What follows I had from the Doc- 
tor's own mouth ; she went to Sarum, and by 
God's blessing on the Doctor's endeavours, was 
perfectly cured ; but her joy did not last long, 
for in her return to Jamaica, of which island her 
husband was one of the principal inhabitants, 
Ae died of the small-pox in London. This con- 
oourse forementioned was very beneficial] to the 
inns and private houses in Sanim, being dispersed 
through all the quarters of the city, insomuch that 
one could scarce keep out of doors, but he had a 
prospect of some led by boys or women, others with 
bandages over one, or both eyes, and yet a greater 
dumber wearing green silk upon their faces, 
rhich, if a stranger should see, without knowing 
be reason of that phenomenon, I should not 
ronder if he believed and reported the air of 
arum to be as pernicious to the eyes as that of 
Means is to the nerves, where almost one-third 
r the inhabitants are lame. The rendezvous of 
lese hoodwinked people was at the Doctoi^s 




110 

house, whither I frequently resorted, (dthei 

dressed myself or sep others: I S9W mfl 

ina,rkable passages, whpreof I s^U re|al 

two. Tk^ first is of a eouqitryiiian, whose ej 

blood-shot, who spoke thus to the Poct^ 

am a little troubled with a sore eye, whuBb 

come to tltee tjQ jqiead ;* ' which eye is ^tj 

ttie Doctor. ^ This/ he replied, pointing 

The Doctor answered, ^ That is your h^ 

^ I see as well with that,* replied t^ coonti 

low, ' as thee dost, or any man in Eog 

Whereupon the Doctor daps his band befiopf 

eye he complained of, and ask*d, ^ whftt m 

now ? At which he cried out, ^ I see nothi 

ani blind i though to all the rest who weice \ 

that seemed a good eye. The other is of 

another person who came to the Doctor npo 

like account ; his eye was protuberant, and < 

not be contained within the lids, and se 

like a piece of raw fiesh; the Doctor placet 

In a chair, and with a pair of scissors cut 

gobbets, the blood trickling down his cheel 

abundance, and yet he seemed no more 

cerned, than if it had been a barber cuttioj 

hair; I was surprized at his behaviour, and 

to one of the by-standers, ^ without doubt» 

is a married m^, otherwise *twere impossib 

should be so patient ;' which he over-heariuj 

the midst of his torment, burst out into a 

Ifuighter, and replied, ^ No, indeed, I am 



in 

liatcbelor.* To conclude this long Chapter. 
r. IWbervile died at Sarum, April 21, 1696, 
; the age of 85. He left a considerable 
itate in money, betwixt a ndce of his wife*s, 
Dd his sister Mrs. Mary Torbervile, who 
0w practices in London with good reputa-^ 
km and success. She has all her bretber^s r&- 
Mipte, aad having seen hk practice during many 
feare, knows how to use them. For my part, I 
have so good an opinion of Iier skill, that should 
I again be aflUcted with soi-e eyes, which God 
farind, I would rely upon her advice rather thau 
^NRi any pretenders or professors in London, or 
dmrhere. He is buried in Sarum Cathedral.^ 
Adieu, my dear friend, a rivederci, *till we meet 
lad see one another again with eyes which will 
iif?er stand in ueed of a collyrium. 

Chap. XVII. — Of Mr. Rooke. — Mr. Lawrence 
Rooke was born in Kent, of a good family, and 
Sdacated in Cambridge, and when Dr. Ward 
itts transplanted to Oxford, he came thither 
lad seated himself in Wad. Coll. for the benefit 
f his conversation; bringing with him two 
imng gentlemen of the family of Oxenborogh, to 
iftom he was tutor. He was very eminent in 
le famous Philosophical Meeting, which wa^ 
ftcr turned into the Royal Society. After the 
iog^s retura, he left Oxford, and repaired to 



* [Where his Epitaph may be teen J 




112 

London with his friend Dr. Ward, and irai 
chosen first Prof, of Astronomy, aind afterwardi 
of Geom. in Gresh. College. He was also one rf 
the first members of the Royal Society. He was of 
a melancholy temper and aspect/ his complexiem 
swarthy, his eyes sunk in his head more than ortfi- 
naiy, his voice hoarse and inward, a sign that Ub 
lungs were not sound ; he was also much subject to 
the scurvy, for which he used frequently to take 
the juice of scurvy giTiss pressed out of the leaveii 
without any other preparation. He was pro- 
foundly skilled in all sorts of learning, not 
excepting botanies and music, and the ab- 
stmsest points of Divinity. He was my intimate 
friend; and in my judgment, the greatest man 
in England for solid learning, semper exdph 
Platonem Trarme Rinaldoy for Dr. Barrow bad 
not then reached his zenith. I durst venture my life 
upon the ti-uth of any proposition he asserted, 
either in Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, or 
History ; for I never knew him affirm 'any thinff 
positively tliat was dubious. I have said to Wm, 
Mr. Rooke, I have found out the reason of such" 
a phenomenon, and given him my arguments for 
it, which when he had heard, he has often re- 
plied in this manner ; * And why may it not as 
well be thus,' bringing his reasons for another 
hypothesis. ^ Ix)rd,' said I then to him, * now yoo 
confound me, pray tell me what is your opinioQ." 
To which his usual answer was, ' / have no opin^ 



113 

t^ He was very modest and sparing of his 
>rds, unless amongst intimate friends^ and 
ver talked idly, I may truly say I never was 
iquainted with any person who knew more, and 
oke less. I used in all company to magnify 
d extol his learning and ingenuity^ as it de- 
rved ; insomuch, that an eminent citizen's wife 
sired me to help her to a sight of this prodigy 
perfection, and to bring him upon a day ap- 
»inted to dine with her husband, who was an 
genious person, and well known to us both, 
prevailed with him to go, though not without 
ime reluctancy. Thither we went, and found 
ereseveitd strangei-s whom Madam had invited, 
Le the widow in the Gospel, with a '^ come, 
me, neighbours, and see the man that is so 
mous.** Amongst the guests there were some 
10 valued themselves for their wit and leara- 
^ more than they ought; these, towards the 
:ter end of the dinner began to shew their 
rts, and fell upon several arguments, talking 
Dorantly, dogmatically, and ridiculously, which 
r. Rooke heard, I can t say with patience, but 
ithout interposing one word. After dinner, the 
i^tress of the house came insultingly to me, 
yipg, * rU never take your word more for an 
g[enious man ; you saw how he let my friends 
lerl what they pleased, and was not able to 
Id up the cudgels against them ; nay, he did 
t speak one quibble, or make one brisk re- 

H 




114 

partee all dinner time; is this your magnifie 
wit T ^ Madam/ I i^eplied, ^ there*s a time A 
all things ; I assure you he can discounse at wA 
as those city wits^ your friends, but I cannot td 
you the reason of his silence.* Afterwards I adud 
him why he let those fools run on at soph a lik, 
when it had been easy for him^ivMi 4MK«m4 
to have convinced them of their ignorance .and 
put them to silence. I remember he gave ae 
this answer. ^ 'Tis true, they were a compaay 
of positive, ignorant, and self-conceited fixds, 
if I had interposed, it was a thousand to one, 
I should not have made them wiser, and m 
much odds, that I should have made them mile 
enemies.* I will make bold with mysdf, aid 
here relate a passage which equally shews myfdl^; 
and his wisdom and sagacity. When I wii8;a 
young student at Oxford, I had an old cast sol- 
dier for my bed-maker, amongst other quesdoBS, 
I asked him where he had sei*ved ; he answered, 
^ both in Flanders and France.* ^ Then yousped^ 
French,' I replied ; ^ yes, master,' said he, * and 
very well." ^ What,' said I, * is French for such 
and such a thing?' To which when be had an- 
swered, ^ ^//,' said I, you shall be my master, and 
teach me French.' With his help, and some.sUy 
books, I soon thought I had attained to the 
mastery of the French language; and not lang 
after I went to London, carrying this opiwn 
of myself with me. Bdng ^utived tlier^ I 



115 

fished with great impatience for Sunday : Sna- 
!ay came^ I repaired early to the French church 
1 Threadneedle-8treet : I was very attentive, 
nd staid there a considerable time, but, to my 
reat mortification, I understood not one won} 
tie minister spoke. I was amazed, and considered 
ow this could be : at last it came into my ne- 
lembrance, that I had heard the French & Dutch 
id once a month interchange churches, which 
ras true, and that it was my misfortune to come 
ipon that day. This satisfied me, and kept alive 
oy good opinion of my skill in French, which 
his accident had almost destroyed. Upon this 
[ went to Mr. Rooke, and declared to him my 
idventure : * Mr. Rooke,' said I to him, * Vou 
know I understand French very well.* * I know,* 
said be, ' that you say so.' / I'll tell you,' I replied, 
'a 8tmnge accident that befel me ; I went to the 
^Qch Church, and tho' I was veiy attentive for 
Rfood while, I came away as ignorant as I en- 
tered the Church, not understanding so much as 
(Be word. But at last I found out the i*eason of 
it, and contented myself, considering that it 
liiight be the turn of the Dutch to preach there 
iihat Sunday, for you know they once a month 
shange Churches.' 'Tis true,' said he, ' it might 
e so ; but answer me one question, did the min- 
iter preach with his hat on or off?' I replied, 
liis head was covered ;' ^ tlien,' said he, ' 'twas a 
Eeach sermon ; and now I hope you are con- 

h2 



116 

Tinc^ how well you understand that langnage.- 
This jitst repi'oof abated my pride, and made mef 
entertain a meaner opinion of my accomplidl^' 
itients, and went a great way towards my cun^* 
Which was afterwards completed by an accideot 
wMch befel me in France, and I think I have 
had no return of that disease since. Wtiich stoiy, 
though it makes little to my credit, take as fel^ 
lows.— In making the grand tour of France, ift 
lodged in a village near La Rochelle, whose name 
I have forgot ; the travellers were so many, that 
we were forced to sup in a bam, upon several ta^ 
bles and forms, there being no room in the ioa 
capable of so great a company. Tlie supper nnA 
wine was good, and I had taken a cheerful co^,' 
tho* not to excess, yet sufficient to cause me toi 
do that, which otherwise I should not have done; 
T*he scholars of Oxford, and I amongst the rest, 
had a foolish frolic when they were in their mer^ 
riment, to twirle round the hats of those wlw 
sate near them, and call them cuckolds. Tius 
did I, not considering where or in what com- 
pany I was, to a French gentleman who sat 
over against me; upon which he immediatdy 
leaps from his seat, runs to me and kisses wt 
on both cheeks, adding these words ; * Sir, I am 
more obliged to you than to any person in the 
world.* * And why. Sir ?' replied I. * Becatise,' 
smd he, * you have pickt me out for so good 
satured a man, that would not take this actkm 



117 

our*s for an ^flfi-ont/ I replied with much 
Q^ ^ Sir, you h^\e cured me, I humbly 
ik you for it; had I met with a pei::soa oi 
discretion, who icpuld not distinguish he- 
rn ao ignorant straugei^s frolic, and a de^* 
led affront, jit might have endangered my 
whereas I shall now only lose an ill custom« 
cb }s better lost than retained.' But to 

m 

ira to Mr. Rooke ; He had with great stu?- 
and many observations, alnvost completed 
theory of the Satellites of Jupiter; I say 
kost, for he told me he wanted but one obser-p ^ 
ioi^ more, upon such a night, which bap^ 
led when he was sick in bed, and very near 
death. He desired me to go to the Society^ 

\f ere then sitting, and present his service to 
m, aud acquaint them, that if he had been 
Health to have jmade an observation that en- 
ig lught, he should have completed the 
ory of the Satellites of Jupiter, but since 
r it was impossible for hin)i tp do it, he d^ 
4 some others might be employed ; but nOr 
ig came of it, and his papers, wbicli he lef^ to 
Bp. of Exeter, for aught I knpw, have since 
isbed. Dr. Scarborough's house, was, as | 
e declared before, in chapter 3, the re^d^?^ 
§ of most of the learned men s^bput lyoqdou, 
9pU|Uy of thpse of the Royal party, ip 1649, 

t^ow long before I cannot exactly pronounce, 

1 guess it must be about three years, that Lb|, 




lid 

frbm the surrender of Oxford^ after the King 
had made his escape thence in disguise, mid re- 
tired to the Scotch army, who then, in conjuw^ 
fion with the English, besieged Newai-k, A. D. 
1646, at which time. Dr. Scarborough leftOxon, 
and began to practice in London ; among thsm 
who frequented his house, was Mr. Hobbs, then 
newly arrived from France, where he had obtainetf 
a great reputation for his book De Cive^ which u 
a good book in the main, and much better than 
his Leviathan ; for in the first there is verhm 
sapientty enough said, to let the inteUigeot 
Reader know what he would be at ; but in his 
Leviathan, he spreads his butter so thin, that 
the coarsenesis of his bread is plainly perceived 
Under it. This Mr. Hobbs, I ray^ was ^ jut 
come from Paris, in order to print his Lematkmi 
at London, to carry favor with the govemmeoL 
He had a good conceit of himself, and was im- 
patient of contradiction ; as he was older than 
any of that convention, he also thought himsdf 
wiser ; if any one objected against his dictates, he 
would leave the company in a passion, saying, 
his business was to teach, not dispute. He 
had entertained aU aversion to Dr. Ward, for 
having written something against him, as nt 
have mentioned in chapter 4th ; and before he 
Would enter into the assembly, he would enqutt 
If Dr. Ward was there, and if so, he came notio, 
^ if Dr. Ward came thither while he was thcart, 



119 

tin Hobbs would immediately leave the con^ 
lany, so that Dr. Ward, tho* he much desired 
ty never had any conversation with Mr. Hobbs. 
Umtt this tirne^ Mr. Hobbs published a little 
mtise concerning Mathematics, wherein^ b^ 
BJDiigst other things, he pretends to give the 
qoare of a circle : which, when Mr. Rooke read 
ad considered, he found it false, and went to 
fr. Hobbs to acquaint him with it, but he had 
10 patience to hear him ; therefore, when he 
mA next to visit Mr. Hobbs, he carried with 
iin a confutation of his quadrature, and left it 
eidnd him at his departure. Mr. Hobbs finds 
id reads it, and by want of attention casts it 
f wrong, for it was accurately calculated, and 
dy written; and thence insultingly concludes, 
Dce that learned person's confutation was false, 
s own quadrature must of necessity be true. A 
tur or two before Mr. Rooke's death, the Marquis 
' Dorchester, who possessed so great knowledge 
almost all sorts of learning, being M. D« 
[initted into the College, and practising, Conn-r 
lim* at Common Law, and at Docitor^s Conw 
dns, &c. was pleased to make chcHce of Mr. 
cioke for his companion, and fellow-labourer in 
uloflophy and Mathematics ; the Marquis lived 
ea at his house at Highgate, from whence every 
Mnesday he used to bring Mr. Rooke in his 
ach to the R. Soc. thai sitting at Gresh. CoUr 
le last time Mr. Rooke came from thence, he 




lao 

walked it, and that so fast^ in the heat of som* 
mer, that he sweat, and caught cold upon it,- and 
finding himself much indisposed, lodged at Ui 
chamber in the College that night. Next mora- 
iog I went to visit him^ and percdved hia conii- 
tenance much altered, more than is usual n 
sick persons in so short a time ; he was not voy 
hot, nor was his pulse high, his fever bdng iih 
ternal and very malignant. All the best Physi* 
cians in London, for they were all his fneoAi 
and acquaintance, came to see him, and west 
away presently, shaking their heads, and despair* 
ing of his recovery ; but yet, that thq^ nught 
seem to do something, they ordered him to bked^ 
to be blistered, to have plaisters applied to 1m 
wrists and the soles of his feet.* When ths 
surgeon came, he appointed him to open siidi. 
a vein, for under that there lies no artery: this 
he did to prevent an aneurism. He made aa 
nuncupatory will, leaving what he had to his 
old friend. Dr. Ward, then newly nominated to 
the Bp.ric of Exeter. The Bishop buried bus 
decently at St. Martinis Outwich, near Gredu 
Coll. and his corpse was attended to the grave 
by most of the F. R. S. who were then in town, 
lamenting their*s and the learned worlds kA 
In his will, he ordered that his Exor. might re- 
ceive what was due to him by bond, if they wiio 
were bound did proffer the payment willingty ; 
but ^ I would not," jsaid he, ^ have him sue tbs 



121 

bonds; for as I never was in laiv, nor had any 
contention with any man in my life, neither 
would I be after my death/ In the memory of 
his deceased friend, Bishop Ward gave to the 
Roy. Soc. a large pendulum clock, made by 
Fromantel, and then esteemed a great rarity, 
aad set it up in the room of their meeting, upon 
which were engraved these words : ^ Societati 
Regali ad scientiam Naturalem promovendam 
institutuse, dono dedit. Rev. in Christo Pat. 
Sethus Epus Exon, ejusdem Sooietatis Sodalis, 
io memoriam Laurentii Rooks, viri in omni 
Kterarum genere in8tructissimi,Collegii Gresham- 
ensis primum Astronomise deinde Geometriee 
Professoris dictseque Societatis, nuper sodaliSj 
Qui Qbiit, Junii 26. A. D. 1662. 

Chap. XVIII.-^-^ continuation of the pre^ 
cedent. T^They who are desirous to know more 
of Mr. Rooke, may, if they please, have recourse 
to what Dr. Barrow says of him in his Augura- 
tion Speech, when he succeeded him in the Prof, 
of Geometry's place in Gresh. Coll. This oration 
is printed in vol. iv. of Dr. B's. works, and what 
€X>ncems Mr. Rooke begins p. 93, There they 
will find a great, and yet a just and trae charac* 
ter of him^ as all those who knew him must ac« 
knowledge, and that managed with much art, 
and written with great eloquence ; but what is 
most remarkable, he begins with an admirable 
torn of wit, making use of a topic to gain ere* 



122 

dence with his auditory, which seems adapted to 
work the contrary effect. Before he entem Qpoi 
his panegyric, he frankly confesses that he <id 
not know Mr. Rooke ; now one would think tiii 
would strike a damp upon the auditors, fold 
cause them to reason thus :-»^ If this orator knet 
not the person whom he unda'takes to pake, 
what reason have we to believe what he says ef 
him ? certainly we have none at all.* Which ob- 
jection he thus anticipates : ^ even for that,* says 
he, ^you ought to give gi*eater credit to my words, 
for had he been my acquaintance, near relatioii, 
or intimate friend, I might have been bribed bj 
my love to him, and suspected to have looiked 
on him with magnifying glasses, and have bolft 
perceived and represented his virtues greater thati 
they were ; but now I am free from any such sus- 
picion, speaking of him only by hear-say, or rs» 
port ; but what report ? The constant universal 
and uncontradicted suffrage of all learned and 
wise men.* Dr. Barrow did not only succeed 
Mr. Rooke in his place at Gresh. Coll. but abo 
in his intimate friendship with Bp. Ward ; and 
as such, I shall treat of him in the ensuing chap. 
Chap. XIX. — Of Dr. Barrow. — It is not my 
design to write Dr. Barrow*s life ; and if it wer^ 
I am not furnished with sufficient '^materials for 
that undertaking. It is already done, tho* frith 
too much brevity, by a better hand, dedicated to 
the Rev. Dr. Tillotson, then Dean and afterwards 



1S3 

iip. of Canterbury^ by my worthy, learned, and 
genions friend Abraham Hill, Esq. out of whose 
9Coimt I shall take what I was before ignorant 
^ concerning his birth and education, before he 
nnved to be so eminent at Cambridge, adding 
iraeunto, several particular accidents which 
^ppened during my intimate acquaintance with 
im, and sometimes going out of the way for a 
BBfion, to make the narration more delightful. 
may possibly insert some particulars which will 
3em trivial, tho* in my opinion the less consider- 
ble words, and actions, and circumstances, of 
Teat men, amongst whom he has a just title to 
e inrolled, are worthy to be transmitted to pos- 
nrity. Mr. Hill fixes Dr. B's. birth in the month 
f October A. D. 1630: but I hope he will not be 
iflfended if I dissent from him, both as to the 
'ear and month, and produce reason for so doing; 
JB this : — I have often heard Dr. B . say that he 
msbom upon the 29th of February; and if he 
aid true, it could not be either in Oct. or in 1630^ 
hat not being a leap year. * I would not have 
isserted this merely upon the credit of my me- 
nory, had it been any other day of any other 
nonth, it being told me so long since, had I not 
bis I'emarkable circumstance to confirm it. He 
ised to say, it is in one respect the best day in 
iie year to be bom upon, for it afforded me this 
advantage over my Fellow-CoUegiates, who used 
o keep feasts upon their birth-day ; I was treated 




124 

by them once every year^ and I entertidiied then 
once in four years, when February had 29 dajR» 
Dr. B. was born in Loodoq, and well descended; 
his great grandfather was Philip Qarrow, who 
published a method of physic^ whose brother. 
Isaac was M. D., and a benefactor to Trin. CoQ., 
Camb., as also a tutor therein to Hobert Cecily 
Earl of Salisbury^ and Lord Treasurer of Eog^ 
land. His grandfather was Isaac Barrow, Esq. 
of Spiney Abbey, Co. Cambridge, a person of a 
good estate, and a Justice pf Peace during the 
space of 40 yeai's. His father's name was Thomas 
a reputable citizen of London, and Uneo draper 
to K. Chas. I., to whose interests he ladbered, fid* 
lowing him fii'St to Oxford, and afiter his eie- 
crable murder, he went to his son Chas. IL, thea 
in exile, there with great patience expecting the 
King's Restoration, which at la^t happened wbea 
*twas almost despaired of. I remember Mr. Abr. 
Cowley, who also was beyond sea with the King; 
told me at our fii*st coming into France, we ex- 
pected eveiy post would bring us news of oar 
being recalled ; but having been fiiistrated bx 
so many years, we could not believe it when the 
happy news arrived. This Thomas had a bro- 
ther whose name was Isaac, afterwards Bp. ef 
St. Asaph, whose consecration sermon, his nfr' 
phew and name-sake, our Dr. B^ preached at 
Westminster Abbey. His mother was Ann, dan. 
of Wm. Bugg^ns, Esq. of North Cray, in Kent 



125 

Ids genealogy, though short, has quite tired thy 
atience, it so little concerns him, for it is cer^ 
Bunly the least of his praises, if it he any at alL 
To be nobly or royaUy extracted, is the gift of 
fttind fortune ; A Principihus nasci fortuitum est 
Rub may happen to an ill and ignorant person^ 
mtto be eminently learned and pious, cannot 
le obtained without indefatigable industry, and 
i mncere love and constant practice of virtue. 
de was first put to the Charterhouse-school, 
rhere he made little or no progress, there ap- 
Muring in him an inclination rather to be a sol- 
Her than a scholar, his chief delight being in 
Kgfating himself, and encouraging his play-fel* 
lows to it; and he was indeed of an undaunted 
raurage, as we shall make evident in its place. 
E& &ther finding no good was to be hoped for 
thare, removed him to Felstead, Essex, where, 
ooiitrary to his expectation, and even beyond his 
hopes, his son, on a sudden, became so great a 
proficient in learning, and all other praise- 
worthy qualifications, that his master appointed 
Km tutor to the Ld. Vise. Fairfax, of Emly, in 
Ireland, who was then his scholar. During his 
May at Felstead, he was admitted into Peter- 
house, of which Coll. his uncle, the Bp. had for-« 
nerly been a member. When he was fit for the 
[University, he went to Camb., and was admitted 
a Trin. Coll., Feb. 1645. He was there kindly 
reated by Dr. Hill, whom the Parliament had put 




126 

into that mastership, in the place of Dr. Cbm^ 
ber, ejected for adhering to the King. Tliis Dr. 
Hill, I say, one 4£^y lapng his hand upon, yowng 
Isaac's head, ^Thou art a good lad^* sudlril 
^ *tis pity thou art a cavalier ;' and afterwaids 
when he had made an oration upon the Gtit^ 
powder Treason, wherein he had so celebrated 
the former times, as to reflect nluch up<m the 
present, some of the fellows moved for his expnli 
sion, but the master silenced them with these 
words, ' Barrow is a better man than any of us.* 
This is very remarkable, and an evident testidumjr 
of our young scholar's irresistible merits, wfaidt 
could, as the poets feign of OrpheiK, Ibrfre 
tigres rahidasque leones; make a presbyteriu 
kind to a cavalier and malignant, which names 
the adherers to the King, Church, and Lawi 
went under in those da}rs. A. D. 1649, he was 
chosen Fellow of the Coll. cariying it merely by 
dint of his merits, having no friend to commend 
him, as being of a contrary persuasion to thoie 
who then carried all things in that Univerritj, 
This brings to my memory, a certificate or testir 
monial, which my worthy friend Dr. G. Iroottde 
then Ward of Wad. Coll. Oxford, and now Bp. 
of Hereford, gave to a member of that ColL wiio • 
was candidate for a Fellowship in another Ooll., 
it was to this purpose. ' If tins person whom I li^ 
commeud to you be not a better scholar than aiy 
of those who are his competitors, dioose lum not; 



127 

md he did upon examination and trial so far 
Hifpass the re^t, that they could not refuse him^ 
iritliout being and appearing partial and un- 
|iist. I mention this as a parallel to Dr. B's case. 
When Dr. Duport resigned his Greek Lecture, 
li^ recommended his pupil Barrow for his suc- 
cessor, who justified his opinion of his fitness for 
that employment by an excellent performance of 
the Probation Exercise ; but the governing party 
thinking him inclined to Arminianism, put him 
by it. This disappointment, the mel^choly as- 
pect of public affairs, together with a desire to 
see some of those places mentioned in Greek and 
JLa^u writers, made him resolve to travel, which 
th^ he might be better enabled to do, he con- 
yerted his books into ready money. He began 
his travels A. D. 1654, and went first to Paris, to 
crave his father's benediction, who was then in 
the English court, praying for, but scai'ce hoping, 
much less expecting the King's restoration, to 
whom, his pious son, out of his small stock, made 
a jseasonable present. After some months stay 
there, he went to Italy, and remained some time 
•t Florence, where he had the favor, and neglected 
it not, to peruse many books in the Grand Duke's 
library, and 10,000 curious medals^ and to dis- 
ocmrse concerning them with Mr. Fitton, who 
found his ability so great in that sort of learning 
that upon his recommendation the Grand Duke in- 
vited Dr. B. to take upon him the charge and cus- 




128 

tody of that great treasure of antiqnityi From 
Florence he went to Leghorn, wh^re he wai 
ranch caressed by the English merchants residiog 
there : thence he sailed to Smyrna, where he met 
i^th the like kindness and entertainment fraip 
Consul Breton, and the rest of that Cotctory; m 
he did also at Constantinople from Sir TboiM 
fiendish, the English Ambassador at theOttooiH 
Court, Sir Jonathan Dawes, and the rest of the 
English merchants, from whom he received maD| 
favour, and vnth whom he ever after contiooed 
an intimate friendship. At Constantinople! tht 
See of St. Chrysostom, he read all the works of 
that father, whom he much preferred to the rat. 
He remained in Turkey more than a year, and 
then returned to Venice, where he was no sooner 
landed, but the ship which brought him, took 
fire, and was, with all its cargo, consumed to 
ashes, the men only saved. From Venice, in lui 
way to England, he passed through Germany and 
Holland, and has left a description of some paiH 
of those countries in his poems. A. D. 1660, he 
was chosen without a competitor. Prof, of tiie 
Greek tongue in Camb. Two years aft;er he wis 
elected Prof, of Geom. at Gresh. Coll. in the 
place of Mr. Rooke, concerning whom we have 
discoursed at large in the two preceding chapters. 
A. D. 1669, Mr. Lucas founded, and richly en- 
dowed, a Mathematical Lecture in Cambridge 
which his £xoi*s. Mr. Raworth and Mr. Buck 



tonfeited upon Dr. Barron, enjoining him to 

leave every yestr^ ten Lectures in writing- to the 

University^ the better to secure the end of so 

noble and useful a foundation. The Lectures, 

which are printed, and others of his, ready for 

the press, will give the best account how he be- 

baved himself in that employihent. Almost all 

I have hitherto said, is, I acknowledge, taken out 

nf Mr. HilFs account of Dr. B's life ; but now 

I am got vrithin mine own knowledge, and can 

proceed securely without his clue, or the help of 

Uny other guide. I promise I will advance 

Ootbiog but what I have either known myself to 

he tni0, or heard from Dr. B*s mouth. I am 

not un'mindfiil of my promise, to make it appear 

h its due place, that Dr. B. was endued with an 

nbdaiinted courage, to prove which, I think 

these two instances following, will be sufficient. 

[n hb passage from Leghorn to Constantinople, 

the sUp he sailed in was attacked by an Algerine 

Plrat^; during the fight, he betook himself to 

bfa arms, staid upon the deck, cheerfully and 

rl^rously fighting, till the Pirate, perceiving 

Sit stout defence the ship made, steered off and 

idft her. I asked him why he did not go down 

iato the hold, and leave the defence of the ship 

lO those to whom it did belong ? He I'eplied, 

'It concenied no man more than myself; I 

Mnpld rather have lost my life than have fallen 

Qto the hands of those merciless infidels.** This 




130 

eugagfement, and his own stout and intrepid b^ 
haviour in it, to defend his liberty, which he 
v^ued more than his life, as he asserts in that 
verse, almaque lihertas vitati charier Attra^ hi 
describes at large in a copy of verses in vol. 4. 
of his works, printed by B . Aylmer. To this I 
will add another accident, which be£d him ii 
England, it being of the like nature : He wai 
at a gentleman's house in the country, if I inisr 
take not, in Cambridgeshire, where the nepo- 
sary house was at the end of a long garden, and 
consequently at a great distance from the room 
where he lodged ; as he was going to it very 
early^ even before day, for, as I shall shew here- 
after, he was sparing of sleep, and an .ear^ 
riser, a fierce mastiff, who used to be chaiped if 
all day, and let loose late at night for the secfr 
rity of the house, perceiving a sti-ange person k 
the garden at that unseasonable time, set f^ 
him with great fury. The Dr. caught him bf 
the throat, threw him and lay upon him,' ao^ 
whilst he kept him down. Considered what be 
should do in that exigence ; once he had a ound 
to kill him, but he quite altered this resolutaoi^ 
judging it would be an unjust action, for tbe 
dog did his duty, and he himself was in &ult for 
rambling out of his lodgings before it was ligbt 
At length he called out so loud^ that henai 
heard by soraib of the house, who canie preacaidl 
out, and freed both tbe Dr. and the dog fisn 



131 

^ Ae imminent danger they were both in. A. D. 
i 1672. Upon the death of Bp. Wilkins, Dn 
ii Pearson^ Mast, of Trin. Coll. Camb. was pro- 
k moted to the Bp.ric of Chester, and the vacant 
i«* Mastership, was, by the King, conferred upon 
^ Dr. Barrow. I will leave him possessed of that 
't post, and look a little backward, and declare 
I , tome accidents of his life, which happened be- 
i fore he had arrived at that eminent dignity ; but 
I because this Chapter is long enough already, fof 
i the reader's sake and my own, I will here make 
1^ a halt, reserving what remains to the following 
i chapters. 

I Chap. XX.— •TAe same matter continued.'^ 

As soon as Dr. Ward was made Bp. of Exeter, 
. lie procured for his old friend. Dr. Wilkins, the 
. Rectory of St. Laurence, Jewry, who was then 
destitute of any place, the reason whereof I have 
. given before. He being minister there, and forced 
by some indisposition to keep his chamber, de- 
lAtBd Dr. Barrow to give him a sermon the 
next Sunday, which he readily consented to do. 
Accordingly, at the time appointed he came, 
^ with an aspect pale and meagre, and unpromis- 
ing, slovenly and carelessly dressed, his collar 
unbuttoned, his hair uncombed, &c. Thus ac- 
eoiitred he mounts the pulpit, begins his prayer, 
wUcfa whether he did read or not, I cannot poi^ 
ithrdy assert or deny. Immediately all the con- 
Ifregation was in an uproar, as if the chutt^ 

i2 




132 

w6re falUng, and they scampering to save their 
lives, each shifting for himself with great precifi- 
tation ; there was such a noise of pattens of ser? 
ving maids and ordinary women, and.of unlodc* 
ing of pews, and cracking of seats caused by the 
younger sort hastily climbing over them, that! 
confess I thought all the congregation were vatA] 
but the good Dr. seeming not to take notice of 
this disturbance, proceeds, names his text, and 
preached his sermon to two or three gathered, 
or rather left together, of which number, as 
it fortunately happened, Mr. Baxter, that em- 
inent non-conformist, was one, who afiterwanh 
gave Dr. Wilkins a visit, and conunended tbe 
sermon to that degree, that he. said he new 
heard a better discourse. There was also ampog 
those who staid out the sermon, a certain young 
man, who thus accosted Dr. B. as he came, dovfi 
from the pulpit ; ^ Sir, be not dismayed, for I as* 
sure you 'twas a good sermon.' By his age and 
dress, he seemed to be an apprentice, or, at the 
best, a foreman of a shop, but we never beard 
more of him. I asked the Dr. what he thought 
when he saw the congregation running awi} 
from him ? ^ I thought,' said he, * they did not 
like me, or my sermon, and I have no reasouto 
be angry with them for that.' ^But, what wu 
your opinion,' said I, ' of the apprentice ?. ^1 take 
him,' replied he, ^ to be a v^ry civil person, audit 
I could m^et with him, I 'd pi'esent. him withi 



Ids 

bottle of wine.* There were then in that parish 
a company of formal, grave, and wealthy citizens, 
who having been many years nnder famous min- 
tfters, as Dr. Wilkins, Bp. Ward, Bp. Reynolds, 
Mr. Vines, &c. had a great opinion of their skill 
in divinity, and their ability to judge of the good- 
ness or badness of sermons: many of these came 
in a body to Dr. Wilkins, to expostulate with 
Inm, why he suffered such an ignorant, scanda- 
lous fellow, meaning Dr. B. to have the use of his 
polpit. I cannot tell precisely whether it was the 
same day, or sometime afler in that week, but I 
am certain it happened to be when Mr. Baxter 
was with Dr. Wilkins. They came, as I said be- 
fipB, in fall cry, saying, * they wondered he should 
pmnit snch a man to preach before them, who 
looked like a starved cavalier, who had been long 
Kqnestered, and out of his living for delinquency, 
itnd came up to London to beg, now (he King 
'tiras restored ;* and much more to this pui-pose. 
He let them run themselves out of breath, when 
theyhad done speaking, and expected an humble, 
mbmissiye answer, he replied to them in this 
nanner: ^ the person you thus despise, I assure 
^ytm is a pious man, an eminent scholar, and an 
excellent preacher ; for the truth of the last, I 
«|>peal to Mr. Baxter here present, who heard 
tb^ sermon yon so vilify : I am sui*e you believe 
Mf. Baxter is a competent judge, and will pro- 
flounce according to truth ;* then turning to him^ 




r 



134 

' pray Sir/ said he, ' do me the favor to deolair 
your opinion concerning the sermon now in cob« 
troversy, which you heard at our chmrcb the lut 
Sunday.* Then did Mr. Baxter very candid^ 
give the sermon the praise it deserved^ nay mon^ 
he said, ^ that Dr. B. preached so well, thallifc 
could willingly have been his auditor all daj 
long.* When they heard Mr. Baxtw give hhi 
this high encomium, they were pricked in thdr 
hearts, and all of them became ashamed, con- 
founded, and speechless ; for tho* they had a good 
opinion of themselves, yet they durst not pretend 
to be equal to Mr. Baxter ; but at length, i^ 
some pause, they all, one after another, oonfinsed 
^ they did not hear one word of the sermon, but 
were carried to mislike it by his unpromiatn; 
garb and mien, the reading of his prayer, and the 
going away of the congregation :* for they would 
not, by any means, have it thought, if they had 
heard the sermon, they should not have concur- 
red with the judgment of Mr. Baxter. Afier 
their shame was a little over, they earnestly desi- 
red Dr. Wilkins to procure Dr. B. to preadi 
again, engaging themselvea to make him amenfb 
by bringing to his sermon their wives and (^ 
dren, men-servants and piaid-servants, ma wd, 
their whole families, and to enjoin them not to 
leave the church 'till the blessing was pronoan^ 
ced.* Dr. Wilkins promisedi them to use his ut^ 
most endeavour for their satisfoction^ andacoor* 



fii^y solicited Dr. B. to appear once more upon 
bat stage, but all in vain, for he would not, by 
my persuasions, be prevailed upon to comply 
irith tlie request of such conceited, hypocritical 
DOfxcombs. Some time after, the Bp. of Sarum, 
I mean Dr. Ward, invited Dr. B. to live with 
bim, not as a chaplain, but rather as a friend and 
oompanton, yet he did frequently do the duty, if 
tbe domestic chaplain was absent. Whilst he 
iras there, the archdeaconry of North Wilts be- 
cttne void by the death of Dr. Childeiy, if I mis-' 
take not ; this the Bp. proffered Dr. B. ; but he 
modestly and absolutely refused it, and told me 
the reason, which it is not necessary I should de» 
idlure Not long after a Prebendary died, whose 
eorps, I mean revenue, lay in Dorset ; this also 
the Bp. offered him, and he gratefully accepted 
ily and was installed accordingly. I remember 
■hoot that time I heard him onqe say, ^ I wish I 
fattd jSSOO.* I replied, ^ that's a great sum for a 
{philosopher to desire, what would you do with 
so much ?* ' I would,' said he, ^ give it my sister 
ior a portion that would procure her a good hus- 
^ad :* wfaieh sum in a few months after he re* 
eoved for putting a life into the corps of his 
ffm^r prebend ; aft;er which he resigned it to Mr. 
Corker, a FeU. of Trin. Coll. Camb. All the 
OFkUe he continued with the Bp. of Sarum, I was 
»lritM8S of his indefotigable study ; at that time 
ho oppMed himself wholly to divmity, having 




136 

given a divorce to mathematics and poetry^ and 
the rest of the belies lettras, wberda he was pKK 
foundly versed, making it his chiei^ if not only 
business, to write in defence of tbo Church of 
!^lngland, and compose sermons, whereof be had 
great store, and, I need not say, very good. We 
were once going fi'om Sarum to London, lie in 
the coach with the Bp., and I on horseback ; m 
he was entering the coach, I perceived his pock* 
ets Btrpttiug out near half a foot, and said to him, 
^ What have you got in your pockets ?* be le* 
plied, ' sermons.* ^ Sermons/ said I, give tbem 
mcj my boy shall carry them in his portmanteMi 
and ease you of that luggage.* ' Bat/ said he, 
suppose yom* boy should be robbed ;' / (faafi 
pleasant,* said I, ^ do you think there are par^ 
sons paddingnpon the i-oad for sermons ? ^ Why, 
what have you,* said he, ' it may be five. or it 
guineas; I hold my sermons at a greater rate, 
they cost me much time and pain.* ^ Well then,* 
said I^ ^ if you*ll insure my five or six guineai 
against lay-padders, FU ensure your bundle of 
sermons against ecclesiastical highwaymeii.* 
This was agreed, be emptied his pockets^ and 
filled my portmanteau with divinity^ and we 
had the good fortune to come safe to our joos- 
ney*s end without meeting either sort of the pad- 
ders forementioned, and to bring both our trea- 
sures to LfOndon. He was of a healthy consUtn^ 
tion, used no exercise or physic, besides smoking 



137 

tobacoa; in which he was not spariDg, saying 
it was an instar ammum, or panpharmicon. He 
was unmercifully cruel to a lean carcase, not at- 
Wing it sufficient meat or sleep : during the 
winter months, and some part of the rest, he 
me always before it was light, being never with- 
iQt a tinder box and other proper utensils for 
diat purpose; I have frequently known him, 
after his first sleep, rise, light, and after burning 
imt his candle, return to bed before day. There 
smnot be a more evident proof of his indefati- 
{BlHlity in study, immense comprehension and 
iccorate attention to what he sought after, 
IniQ what Mr. Hill attests he saw written with 
lis own hand at the end of his Apollomus 
i{^^' Intra hsec temporis intervalla peractum 
loc opus.*" There may be five, and must be at 
Bast four Sundays, whereon, I suppose, he was 
iherwise employed betwixt those days. He was 
arekss of his clothes, even to a fault ; I remem- 
er he once made me a visit, and I perceiving his 
and sate very awkwardly, and asked him. 
What makes your band sit so ?' ^ I have,' said 
^ ' no buttons upon my collar.' ^ Come, said 
, ' put on my night-gown, here's a taylor at 
aod,' for by chance my taylor was then with 
ic^ ' who will pi*esently set all things right.' 
dth much ado I prevailed with him ; the but- 
MI8 were supplied, the gown made clean, the 
Buds and fisu^e washed, and the clothes and hat 




13» 

brnshed ; in a word, at his departure he did not 
seem the same man who came in jnst b^o^ 
He had one fault more, if it deserves that naiA^ 
be was generally too long in his sermons ; and 
now I have spoken as ill of him as the worst of 
his enemies could, if ever he had any ; he did 
not consider, that men cannot be attentive t» 
any discourse of above an houi^s duration, and 
hardly so long ; and that therefore even in plays, 
which are discourses made for diversion, and 
more agreeable to mankind, there are frequent 
"pauses and music betwixt the acts, that the spec- 
tators may rise from their seats and refi^esh thrir 
weary bodies and minds. But be thought he 
had not said enough, if he omitted any thing that 
belonged to the subject of his discourse, so that 
his sermons seemed rather complete treatises, 
than orations designed to be spoke in an boor ; 
hereof I vnll give you two or three instances. He 
was once requested by the Bp. of Rochester, 
then and how Dean of Westminster, to preach at 
the Abbey, and withal desired not to be long, for 
that auditory loved short sermons, and were u«ed 
to them. He replied, ^ liiy Lord, I will shew you my 
sermon ; and pulling it out of his pocket, puts it 
into the Bp's. hands. The text was in the lOth di. 
of Pro V. V. 18. " He that uttereth slander is a liar* 
Tiie sermon was accordingly divided into two 
parts ; the first treated of slander, the other of Ues. 
The Dean desired him to content himself with 



139 

preaching only the 1st part, to which be consent* 
tdf not without some reluctancy, and in speaking 
that ohly^ it took np an hour and an half. Tliis 
discourse is since published in two sermons^ as 
it was preached. Another time upon the same 
person's invitation, he preached at. the Abbey on 
a holyday. Here I must infoim the readei*, that 
it is a custom upon all holydays, Sundays ex- 
cepted, betwixt the sermon and evening prayers, 
to shew the tombs and effigies of the Kings and 
Queens in wax, to the meaner sort of people, 
who then flock thither from all the comers of 
the town, and pay their two-pence to see The 
Play of the Dead FoWs^ as I have heard a De- 
vonshire clown, not improperly call it. These 
perceiving Dr. B. in the pulpit after the hour was 
pasty and fearing to lose that time in hearings 
which they thought they could more profitably 
employ in receiving. These, I say, became im- 
patient, and caused the organ to be struck up 
against him, and would not give over playing 
tUl they had blowed him down. But the sermon 
of the greatest length was, that concerning 
Charity, before the Lord Mayor and Aldermen, 
at the Spital ; in speaking which, he spent three 
boors and a half. Being asked, after he came 
down from the pulpit, whether he was not tired^ 
* yes, indeed,* said he, * I began to be weaiy 
with standing so long.* Hence I. infer, that if 
Dr. B. thought as other men do, which without 




140 

doabt he did, th6se sermons must be of a pro- 
di^ous length when they came fire-neir from tih 
forge. For every man who collects materials for 
a building, lays in more than he shall have <k- 
casion for. Every statuary provides more mar- 
ble than is necessary to make his image, mach' 
whereof must be cut off with the ehissel, before 
any proportion or design of the workman can- 
appear. Eveiy carpenter makes some chipa^ 
and he is the best workman who makes fewest, 
in bringing the timber to the figure he designs. 
It is very easy to make a long discourse, or a 
prolix letter, but to contract it, to remove the 
rubbish, to amputate the needless branches 
which keep out the light, and bear no fruit ; ib 
word, to leave nothing but what is necessary, or 
least convenient, is very difiicult. The first 
sketch of a Comedy, called the Paradox, which 
has never seen the light, was five times as long as 
the whole when it weis finished ; and yet, were I 
to review it, I make no doubt of making more 
weeds^ and make it yet shorter. In my opinion, 
the wittiest paragraph in M. Voiture's Letters, 
which are all written with a great deal of spirit 
and humour, is the apology he makes for a long 
letter ; *tis to this sense : ^ Pray, Sir, excuse the 
length of this, for I had not sufficient time to write' 
a shorter:* than which, nothing can be better and 
more agreeable. The same rule is good in books, 
as well as letters; aiittle time is enough to write 



141 

a gnat book, as they go now, and a great deal, 
Hot too much, to write a little one as it should 
he: though I am sensible this chapter is too 
^gi yet the next will be longer. 

Chap. XXI.— ^ digression containing some 
CHticismsJ* 

Chap. XXIL— Q/'/>r. Barrow.^A. D. 1672, 
Dr. Wilkins, Bp. of Chester, departed this life, and 
that eminently learned divine, Dr. Pearson, sue- 
cseeded him, by which promotion the mastership of 
Trio. Coil. Camb. became vacant: this, K. Ch. 
conferred upon Dr. Barrow ; and speaking of it 
afterwards, he said, he had given it to the best 
scholar in England. Dr. B. was then the King's 
chaplain in ordinary, and much in favor with the 
Duke of Buckingham, then Chancellor of the Uni- 
versity of Camb. as also of Gilbert, Lord Abp. of 
Canterbury ; both which were ready, if thei'e had 
been any need, to have given him their assistance 
to obtain this place. When the Patent for the 
Mastership was brought him, wherein there was 
a clause, permitting him to marry, as it had 



* Hiis chapter beinff, as the auihor not inaptly termii it '< a di^eMimi 
■pondigmMioii,*' aud iiitTely cuntaiuuic criiicisms, some of which are 
puerile, upon Ovid, it has hwu deemed cxpedieut to )»a«fi it over in thii 
re-print. Dr. I'oiie's he«l ohaervatiou is iipim tliat passage of Oviii where 
he b dncribing Cliaos '* sine pordere hahentia |)oudui« (xcil ci»r]M>ra piijr- 
Dahant). Tbt* Dr. obnervt^ that *' this is improper and absurd, aud to be 
widervtood mii«t be thus tilled up : Corpora liabentia pondus mimiahant 
cum ib qus eraot sine pondere, or thus : Corpora qus erant sme |)OBde- 
re pognabant cum iis qiue erant hahentia pondus. "lis evident that 
•* every bodg,** considered absolutely and by itself, is heavy, that is, in 
Ovld't phrase, popdus habet, and beii*^ compared with another bodv tliat 
if flBOre heav]', it is comparativelp light, but not tinf pondere, that u, 
weigba nothing. Thb sentence then, thus sifted, amounts to ihb,-* 
Eftrj body fought with no body : impar inghisut,-^ very unequal battle. 




^ • ' .\ ^. . 



142 



been made before for some of his 
he caused the grant to be altered, jodgfaig it ml 
agreeable to the statutes^ from which he neiffar 
desired, nor would accept any dbpenntmf 
nay, he chose rather to be at the ezpenoe of 
double fees, and procure a new patent, voUkod 
the Marrying Clause, than perpetually to stand 
upon his guard against the sieges, battens^ 
and importunities, which he foresaw that honors 
able and profitable preferment would expose him 
to. Imitatus Castora, &c. To shew his humility 
and care of the College revenue, he remitted to 
them the charge of keeping a coach for his time^ 
which they had done a long while before ftr 
other masters. This preferment, so weH be* 
stowed, gladded the hearts, not only of the 
members of that College, but of the Univerritjr, 
and all lovers of learning. Upon this, be left the 
Bp. of Saram, and was then so kind to me, that 
he earnestly invited me to spend one winter with 
him at Camb. few arguments were sufficient to 
make me yield my consent. The last time he 
was in London— whither he came as it is cos* 
tomary, to the election of Westminster, he 
went to Knightsbridge, to give the Bp. of Sarum 
a visit, and then made me engage my word to 
come to him at Trin. Coll. immediately after the 
Michaelmas ensuing : I cannot express the r^ 
ture of the joy I was in, having, as I thought, 
io near a prospect pf his charming and instmc- 



14S 



conversation. I fancied it would be a heaven 
pon earth, for he was immensely rich in leam- 
ig, and very liberal and communicative of it, 
lelighting in nothing more, than to impait to 
others, if they desired it, whatever he had at- 
Ained by much time and study : but of a sud- 
len all my hopes vanished, and were melted like 
mow before the sun. Some few days ^fter, he 
ame again to Knightsbridge, and sat down to 
linoer, but I observed he did not eat: whereupon 
[asked him, how it was with him: he answered, 
hat he had a slight indisposition hanging upon 
dm, with which he had straggled two or three 
lays, and that he hoped by fasting and opium, 
oget it off, as he had removed another, and 
nore dangerous sickness, at Constantinople, 
ome years before. But these remedies availed 
lint not : his malady proved in the event, an 
award, malignant, and insuperable fever, of 
rhich he died. May 4, A. D. 1677, in the 47th 
fear of his age, in mean lodgings, at a sadler^s, 
lear Charing Cross, an old, low, ill-built house, 
irhich he had used for several years ; for though 
lis condition was bettered by his attaining the 
nastership of Trin. Coll. yet that had no bad 
afluence upon his morals, be still continued the 
ame humble person, and could not be prevailed 
ipon to take more reputable lodgings : I may 
rtily say, Multis ille bonis Jlebilis occidit, Nulli 
letilipr quam mihi. He left his M SS. to Dr. 



i 



144 

Tillotson, aud Mn Abr. HOI, . oommittiiig it 4# 
their discretioo to publish which of than tbcf 
should think fit. My Lord Keeper seat a niei> 
sage of condolence to his father, who had thn 
some place under him, importing, that he had 
but too great reason to grieve, for never fiithe^ 
lost so good a son; and also, that he sbcMdd 
mitigate his sorrow upon that consideratioBi 
For want of sufficient instruction, I shall pan 
oyer in silence, his government of the Univeni^i 
when V. Chan, of the ColL whilst he was Matter) 
— liis public exei'cises, his writing numerous and 
various letters to procure money for the buildiag 
of the magnificent Library, &c.; contenting myidf 
to have set down some of the particulars wluch 
happened during my acquaintance with him, and 
now I shall here put a period, to this discoucs^ 
which for his, and mine own sake, I wish had beeo 
better performed. He was buried in Westmiih 
ster Abbey, where bis friends, erected a moon- 
ment for him ; the bust, or half of his body ia 
white marble is placed upon a pedestal of the 
same matter, whereon his epitaph, composed bf 
Dr. Mapletoft, is engraved. 

Chap. XXllL— Of the Bps. enemies.— T^ 
they who have many friends, have usually, also^ 
many enemies, yet this was not the Bp*s. lot, for 
never any person, in bis station, was more qdi* 
versally beloved. Among his enemies, I shall 
not reckon the dissenters, for theh' enmity was 



145 

ntber against his function, than his person ; and 
kmg l)efore bis death, as all prosecution bgainst 
them ceased^ so did their animosities also. The 
Dean of Sanim stirred up a faction against him, 
taking the advantage of a great and almost total 
deeay of his reason ; with him some of the Pre- 
heoduies took part, of whom the Bp. deserved a 
better treatment : these flock of hares, had the 
beldjpess to insult, and pull by the beard, the dy- 
ings or rather dead lion. But this storm was 
90911 laid^ and the Bp/ vindicated in his rights, 
by yn atx^h-episcopal visitation, as we shall shew 
bufafter. After the Bp's. death, one Anthony 
4^ fiiVooc^ of Merton Coll. Oxford, took the liber- 
al in his Athenoe OxonienseSy to use him veiy ir- 
llirerently, as he had done many other worthy 
pfrsons, whom it is needless for me to particular- 
{jft. Tis an easy thing for a melancholy, monk* 
f|h scholar, to sit in his study, to invent and 
frrite calumnies against whom he pleases ; but 
Ifbe best of it is, the dirt which he has thrown 
against the Bp. is easily washt off, and that with« 
oat leaving any stain. But supposing all that he 
says there against him, to be true, it amounts 
bat to very little ; so little, that I should not have 
thought it worthy of my taking notice, had I not 
be^ft desired by some of the Bp's. surviving 
friends. The sum of what he objects against him 
iSj in short this ; ^ that he was a compiler during 
tbe King^s exile ; that he put in^ and put out ; 




146 

that after the King's return, he boasted of 1 
loyalty.' As to the 1st, 'tis true, from his coi 
ing to Oxford, he lived peaceably^ as Wo 
himself did, and the rest of the scholars of ti 
University, but he was £atr removed from ai 
base compliance ; he never was admitted a ma 
ber of the Presbyterians, Independents, or ai 
separated Congregation; he never frequentt 
their meetings, never pretended to be, or dem 
to be reputed against Monarchy in the ri^ 
line, or Episcopacy, as it was notorious to il 
and as we have made appear in the former pari 
of this book. The 2d accusation is^ tiiat ^1 
put in and put out :" What he means by puUm^ 
in, I confess I know not, neither have I eH 
heard of any person in that time^ he put int 
any place : As to the other clause of putting m 
I suppose he means Mr. Greaves, and Dr. Potte 
to which, take this answer : The Bp. of Sam 
never had but two places in Oxfoi*d, in which li 
succeeded the persons above written. How b 
obtained the SaviL Astron. Professorship, c 
rather how it was forced upon him, we hav 
truly and amply delivered in Chapter 3, whei 
it appears, he did not turn out Mr. Greaves, a 
it is here maliciously insinuated. As to his bdn 
Pres, of Trin. Coll. after Mr. Hawes had reap 
ed, he was chosen by the suffrages of the Fe 
lows, who had a legal authority to electa n^tb 
can he, by accepting of this place, be truly a 



147 

nted to put Dr. Potter, who was ejected by 
visitors many years before, as we have de- 
-ed in Chapter 7, or so much as to keep him 
; for be was, as the times went then, incapa* 
of being elected, and of enjoying it, if h^ 
I been chosen. As to the last part of his ac- 
aUon ; ^ his boasting of his loyalty to the 
og and Church, after his Majesty's restora* 
[r;* why might he not gloiy in a laudable 
ion, and a matter of truth ? For as we have 
de it appear in Chapter 2, he was an actor, 
i great sufferer in that good cause. Mr. W. 
1 for a long time used the liberty to revile and 
ak disrespectfully of several eminent persona, 
ired thereunto, either by a private pique, or 
pkxHse some others, who looked upon their 
noticfi with an evil eye ; this, I say, he had 
K fi[>r a long time with impunity, but ven- 
moe;, or punishment, at last, tho* late, overtook 
L It cannot be said of him, distulit in seram 
fwussa jnacula mortem ; for be lived to see his 
k censored and burnt, and himself expelled 
University, obliged to recant, and give secu* 
to offend any more in that kind; and 
nmierwent for writing too lavishly con- 
a great man, dead long since, upon the 
of some of his relations ; whereof take 
proof, as it is roistered in the 
^s court at Oxford, and printed by au- 
BB^p in the Gazette, No. 2893, from Monday^ 

K 2 




148 

the 31st of July, to Thursday, August the 34 
1693, iti these words : 

'' Oxford^ July Slst. l$93. 
" On the 29th' Anthony A. Wood, was eondeonugd iff tkr 
Chancellor's Court of the University of OtlIoxA^ for htviif 
written and printed in the 2d. vol. of his Athens Oxooies- 
ses^ divers infamous libels agiunst the right hon. Edward, hte 
Earl of Clarendon, Lord High Chancellor of Ekigland, and 
Chancellor of the said University, and was therefore^ baidsM 
the said University, until such time as he shall subaerihe ltd 
a public recantation as the Judge of the court shall approve sf, 
and give security not to offend in the like nature for the fi- 

* • 

tore. And the said book was therefore also decreed to be 
'\mmt before the public Theatre, and on this day it Was bifrit 
accordingly^ and public programmas of his expnlsion, are d- 
ready affixed on the three osual places.*' 

This punishment Was severe enough, and may 
warn little ones not to provoke the powerfid. 
But as to tvhat he has written against the Bp. *rf 
Sarum, I freely forgive him, for this reason ; but 
before I declare it, give me leave to teH a short 
stoiy which I heard at Rome. There was, here- 
tofore, in that city, a famous confessor, who find- 
ing that age and infirmity had impaired his mem- 
ory, fearing this might render him unfit for his 
profession, made Use of this iiivention to remedy 
that defect : he had always in readiness when any 
penitent repaired to him to confess, a board and 
a piece of chalk, with which he scored their sins, 
using several ma^ks, according to their degrees 
It happened, that one confessed he had killed a 
man. ^ That's a great sin/ said the Father^ and 



J49 

blade a long chalk upon the trencher. After 
that he confessed he had got a bastai*d. ^ Was 
it,* said the ghostly Father, very gravely, a 
^ male, or female?' The penitent answered, 
^ it was a man child/ ' Say you so,' replied the 
Priest ; ' a man is killed, and another is got in 
his stead, set one against the other;' then 
spitting upon his fingers rubs out the chalk. 
IV> apply this, the reason I promised to give for 
my absolving Mr. Wood, is this : he had writ- 
ten much good of the Bp. of Sarum, and truly, 
^ad but a little bad, and that falsely : set one 
Against the other, and let it be, as if he bad 
never done either the one or otheft Ajid her^ I 
should dismiss Mr. W, and close this Chapter, 
had I not a just cause of quarrelling with him 
upon mine own account, for having endeavoui'ed 
to rob me of my deserved prsuse, and to obscure 
ikkd most glorious action of my life, ^^ diripere 
msus hasrentem capiti muUa cum laude, coronr 
wmr In not mentioning that famous contest 
concerning formalities, or my being Proctor, 
but out of ignorance or design, either of which 
18 sufficient to ruin the credit of ^ historian, 
be has falsified the history ; having . ipade the 
Proctors Bifield and Conant, ^erve for the years 
1657, and 1658, which is not only notoriously 
intrue, but also it thrusts my colleague and niy^ 
jelf out of the Fastiy or the University Chropi- 
:?les^ whiclf is an intolerable grievance to person^i 






151 

tore he reached Sarum, either in his going to 
London, or returning to Exon. After he was 
Bp. of Sarum, he was seized by a dangerous 
flCoi4)utical atrophy, and looseness, as we have 
Mdd in Chapter 9, which was cured by rid* 
iHg ; it is a very good Recipe, but a dear one. 
9t caballum, that is, up and ride. After b% 
left off this exercise, by which he received so 
much good, he complained of a pain in his toe, 
though I believed then that the malady was in 
his head, but I found that he was displeased at 
ktty telling him so. I went upon this reason^ 
ttpoh inspection, no artist could tell which toe 
4ra8 faulty ; nay, I have seen the surgeons handle 
luod squeeze it without causing him to complidn. 
This malady cost him many hundred pounds 
in spirits of wine, totus ardens, as the chemists 
ettU it, in dry and wet baths, apothecaries and 
lurgeons, who took his money, and laughed at 
Inm in their sleeves. I have often wished him a 
^9toart lit of the gout, having known by the ex- 
^pnrience of others, that it clears the head, and I 
'"Ambt not, but if he had arrived to it, it might 
tiave prolonged his life. They who are used to 
'iUs distemper, so frequent in the west of Eng- 
'lliid^ esteem every new access a renewing tihe 
Vase of their lives. I knew a gentleman who 
]irad in the close in Sarum, who told ne, ^ I am 
' iiot well, nor ever shall be 'till I have a fit of the 
'fPttt/ and for want of it, be in a littfe time, 




15S 

I have beard some of those arthritic permiis mj 
that the gout itself is more tolerable than the dis* 
tiuction in their thoughts and hypochondriacal 
imaginations which succeed a &t, if the gout doei 
not return in a convenient time. I have aliQ 
heai*d that the Abp. of Canterbury, I mean Shei^ 
don> did not only wish for the gout, but proffia^ 
£1,000. to any person who would help him to it* 
looking upon it as tlie only r^m^y for the dis- 
temper in the head, which h^ feared might in 
time prove an apoplexy, as in fine it did^ and killed 
him. In what I come from saying the word 
gout, which is sometimes desirable, I mean die 
acute pain collected and fixed, during the fit, in 
parts i*emote;from the head and heart, asm the 
fingers, hands, legs, and toes. The Bp. had aniU 
memory, even when he was in his best health, which 
he impaired by committing all things to writings 
and so found, by experience, the Italian saying 
true, Chi scrive non ha memoria. If you woM 
make a servant good, you must trust and emphi|f 
him, He having left off i^l exercise, as I said 
before, his melancholy distemper, and decay of 
memory, gained upon him sensibly, of which I 
shall give you a few instances. At the visitadon 
of the church, of which I shall speak presently, 
he asked several times for one of the commission- 
ers who sat next to him at dinner, which was ta- 
ken notice of by all the company. When he 
took the air in his coach, which he used to do 



165 

almoBt to the day of bis death, he has several 
times sidd to me, ' com'e, bear me company onc^ 
more, for *twill be the last time of my gomg 
abroad ;* and perceiving me to smile, ' What^ 
said he, ' do yon rejoice to see me so ill?" ^ No, 
my Lord,* I replied, * I should be very sorry if I 
had the same opinion of your health, as I per- 
orive yon have, but I have heard these words so 
frequently, and doubt not but I shall again, 
that they put me not in fear.* When he has 
heea upon the plains, he has imagined himself so 
weak, that he could neither walk nor stand upon 
Us l^;s, then | have said, ' my Lord, you know 
not your strength, pray be pleased to light out 
€i the coach, and try/ I have prevailed with 
bim, and he has walked near half a mile. He 
used to be carried from one part of his chamber 
to another in a chair ; I once went down and left 
lum reading, and at my return, observed several 
books had been removed from one table to ano- 
ther^ whereupon I asked him, ' whether any 
body had been there since my departure r' he an- 
swered, ' no ; but why ask you that question ;' 
then I replied, ' I congratulate your strength, 
for dther you can go, or these folios fly, I left 
them perched upon that table, from whence they 
are removed.' But to draw to a conclusion. 
Some unkind usage which he thought he received 
firom the Court, which we have related in chapter 
IS, together with the bad prospect of public af- 
iairSi all things tending to Popery and confusion. 




154 

eoQCorriiig \nth th6 oajnst fiustbn in tii 
ehnrcb, raised hj the Dean, and fomarted iff 
some of the Prebendaries, jdined with his m^ 
tural distemper, took away his m^nory aknost 
entirely, so that for some years before his deaths 
he was so altered, that be seemed only the sba^ 
dow of himself. I style this Action UDJnst, tat 
it was judged so by the visitors, who c^mdeamed 
the Dean to beg the Bp*s. pardon, which I mr 
him do. These visitors were the Right Re?. 
Fathers in God, Thos. Ld. Bp. of Rochester, my 
ancient acquaintance, fellow-coUegian, and ever 
honored friend, and Dr. Lake, then Ld. Bp. of 
Chichester, empowered by a commission bm 
his Grace, Dr. Sancroft, then Ld. Abp. of Cant 
to inspect and compose the differences in tlat 
church, as I have mentioned in the additions to 
the Salisb. Canto, stanza 4. While the Bp. was 
in this declining condition, I gave him a visit it 
Jinightsbridge, he being informed I was Msm, 
sent for me, and after saying he was glad to see 
me, he asked me, ' how does your brother ? I 
replied, ' whom does your Lordship mean ?' He 
answered, ^ Bp. Wilkins,' who had been dead 
near then fourteen years. He attempted to speak 
to me again, beginning thus ; ^ were you not sor- 
prised to hear, to hear, to hear; but he couM 
proceed no farther, having in that short time ir- 
recoverably forgot what he intended to have 
spoke. Thenceforward, he continued, for it can- 



156 

tot be properly said he livedo almost void of rea- 
m. I have known, at his retnrn from taking 
tiie air in a very hot summer's day, the nurse used 
Ilu8 argument .to prevail with him to come out 
jif the coach ; ^ wy Lord^ there's a verygoodjire 
myour chamber J He did not then know his house 
m his servants ; in a word, he knew nothing. I 
lud him in my eye when I made the 15th stanza 
mi the ^ Wish,' which begins thus ; to outUve my 
senseSj may it not be my fate. He had also 
strange imaginations of things which never were, 
and firmly believed them. One example whereof 
18 too much ; that one of his servants had got so 
much under him, that he built a whole street in 
JUmdon, and married a rich lady. Poor gentle- 
man ! the evil that he most feared, and I may 
say, even foresaw, fell upon him. He has often 
discoursed with me concerning some persons 
whom we both knew, and who were thus de- 
cayed, and became the properties of those who 
Irst seized on them, who kept them to tbem- 
tdves, made their wills, and disposed of their 
.estates as they thought fit. * If ever you see me 
is such dangersy said he, ^ pray give me warn- 
4ng; but his decay was so precipitous, that 'twas 
irapossible to relieve him. This sad stoiy would 
aflford manv useful corollaries, which I leave the 
reader to find out, and apply. 

To conclude, he died Jan. 6, 1688, knowing 
lothing of the Revolution that had happened. 



156 

lie was carried from Knighbrfmdge to Strain 
and buried in the place which he and I hading 
before concerted and agreed on^ as I have de- 
livered in Chapter 9. His nephew^ Mr. Selh 
Ward, has erected a Monument for him, with a 
Latin Inscription, which I once resolved to have 
omitted, for it is long, and erroneous ; but, iqxNi 
second considerations, I thought myself obUged 
to copy, that there might be nothing wanting 
in this account. 

Chap. XXV.— -TAe Bishop's Epitaph. 

*' H. S. £. Rev. in Christo, Pkter, Jhti^itf WaA, Eccksiv 
Sarisburiensis Episcopus, et Nobilissimi Ordinis^ a Pericefide 
dicti> Cancellarins^ ab Ecclesia Exoniensi (in qua etiam Pre- 
centor primnm^ deinde Decanus faerat) in banc scdem trtii- 
slatas^ in utraqoe internum colendns. — Buntingfordiae, in Agre 
Hertfordiensi natus^ Caotabrigise in Collegio Sidneie&B 
edncatns^ ejosdemque (dom per temporam iniquitatem lient) 
socitts. In tam privata sortis ombra^ tot optimaram artiui; 
Tirtntnmque dotibns efialsit^ nt frustra latere cnpientem pro* 
diderint^ inqae lucem simnl^ et ntilitatem publicam protras- 
-^riut.— <2aippe ab ista Academia, ad alteram Oximienieii 
evocatus^ Astronomiae primam^ Professor Savilianvs^ Col- 
legii deinde Sacro Sanctae Trinit^tis Presses electus> ambo, 
licet disparis ingenii mania^ sapientia administravit et pni- 
dentia pari^ sidernm^ simnl et animaruin» indagator perspi- 
cax, et in ambomm motibus regendis^ vigilans, peritns^ fbdix. 
Praslectionam suarum famam qua daraerit forts, testatir 
Bullialdus, adversus insaniam et impiam Philosophiam, quid 
memerit domi, abunde sensit, primipilas Hobbhn, contra ia- 
groentem Fanaticorum barbariem quid Uteris ubiqne praesti- 
terit, vindicatae agnoscunt Academiae. Hsb res per iniqoissi- 
ma tempora, tam praeclare gestae probatutn satis et bene prs- 
paratum> meliore jam remm vice, bominum et ingeniomm pe- 



167 

iitissimo jndici Carolo secoDdo^ commcndarnnt, nt secvm re^ 
stanhmdis Ecclesiae AnglicanaB roinis dod enibesceDdas opifex 
«llaborarit> ut pradentia^ pietate^ nsu rernm et prscipue mo- 
derato animo spectabilis^ Civium aestns, nondam bene sedatos, 
componeret^ inveterata nicera leniret> coDcionator £Eu;nndii8 
et potens, incalpabile gregis Exemplar^ mox et Pastonim fa- 
taras^ siqaidem per hos labomm et meritornm grados^ ad 
Xpiscopale Cnlmen provecttis Ecclesise snae Caodalabrnm, 
jpsamq domam Dei> non irapari lomine implevit^ et illustravit. 
Tn officiis erga omnes^ cujusciinqiie sortis et ordinis faomines 
exeqnendis^ sequi et decori observantissimns^ cum confratribns 
ct Dominis suis Episcopis inviolata concordia, absque omni, 
(nisi mutuo benefaciendi) certamine semper vixit. Apud 
Clerum suum, tanqnam fratres> et filios dilectissimos, auctori* 
tate et reverentia^ non metu, aut fastu dignitatum Prselat^ 
ilUbatam conservavit. Nobiles, et Gives, munificentia, do- 
mesticos liberali tractatione, devixit. In asserandis Ecdesitt 
juribus, lit yindex acerrimuSj ita nee deses in suis, Cancella^ 
riatum Periscelidis, sedis suae antiquum decus> postquam pet 
C L« circiter annos> penes Liucos subsedisset, secundum 
vindicias sibi postulavit et recepit. Palatii Episcopalis, lar* 
gas et sedulus Instanrator, nee minus erga templum munifi- 
cufi, sed preecipua et palmaria illi fuit Pauperum cura, in liac> 
oequemetas, neque terminos, ant vivens autmoriens pietatisus^ 
{>ra^cripsit. Subsidium sine fine parans, Buntingfordiae^Coeno-' 
bium IV. viris totidemque feroinis copioso, et honesto, appar- 
atu instructum fundavit. Cantabrigiae, in CoUegioCbristi, sex 
scbolariom numero^ aequo jure, et privilegio cum caBteriff 
gaudentium^pristinam fundatlonem adauxlt.-— In bac urbe^CoU 
legium X. Presbyterorum viduis, Apostolico ritu instituit pri- 
mitiva munificentia donavit. Haec omnia agentem, et peragen* 
.tern, Senectus prim am, deiude mors, utraque pariter tranquillay 
pariter matura, praemonitum et proeparatum occuparunt. 

{iEtatis suae LXXII. 
Translationis XXII. 
iSrae ChristiancB MDCLXXXVIII. 
I, Lector^ et plures illi similes operarios buic vineae apprecare/* 



^V 






gloiiouB resurrection, lie the bo 
Ward,' gent, who was buried 17 
and of Martha his wife, who was bi 
1645. They had sons, John, Seth 
and daughters, Martha, Mary, an< 
Seth was made Bp. of Exeter 16C 
translated to Sarum 1667. He ei 
morial A. D. 1669." 

The following curious meraoran 
this prelate's recovery of the Chi 
the order of the garter to the Bps. 
tracted from his common place bo 
hand-writing (penes Rev. adm. Jc 
Sar.) have never yet been pubHshei 

"To tbe K'b most Excellent M"' Sovei 
noble order of the Garter. 

The humble pet* of Seth Bp of San 
lain to ordiDory sheweth 

That the office of Chaocell' of tbe 
of the Garter was erected by letters patent! 
noble progenitor King Bdw the A. who dii 
charter granted to Richard Beauchtunp Bis 



159 

• 

ard Beauchamp & several! of his Soccess'* in the see of Sarom 
did enjoy the said office in pnrsnance of the said charter w^ 
charter hatli siqce been confirmed nnder the Broad Seal of 
, England by other Kings and Queens since K. Edw 4 & lastly 
by y' mties most Royall Father of ever blessed memory. But 
tliat the enjoyment & exercise of the s^ office hath been for 
many years discontinued fro' the Bishops of Sarum to the 
Ip'eat prejudice of that see 

May it therefore please y' most excellent mtie gracious*, 
ly to order that for the Restitution & future settlement 
of the right of y' mties sd Churchy the claime & charters 
of the Bps. may be heard & considered of according to tho 
rules of the Order either by y' sacred mtie or by suck 
of the present Knights, & at such time and place as to 
y' mties excellent wisdom shall seem agreable. And in 
the mean time that y' mtie will be graciously pleased 
that the Bps claime & title may not be prejudiced by con- 
ferring the said office upon another. 

And y' petn sh" pray." 

" This pet" was presented to his mtie Nov. 10. 1 669. & 
the care of this business comitted by his mtie to his RoyalT 
Highness who caused the Dean of Windsor^ Register of the 
order to be sent for and a chapter to be called. 

" At a chapter of the most noble order of the Garter held 
bv his mtie, Sovereigne, and the most noble Companions here-' * 
after named in the Red chamber next the Bedchamber in 
Whitehall the 19 of Novemb 1669 

Present 
His Ma'**' Sovereigne 

»,. « 11 Ti. t ^ Dnke of Ormond 

His Rx)yall Highness ^ r^^^^ ^^ B^i^^^l 

Duke of Yorke U g^j ^^ Sandwich 

Prince Rupert O g^, ^^ Manchester 

Earl of Oxford J Sukc of Monmouth 

/^«. r Prelate the BP of Winton \ 
^®^*"1 Garter. Register. Usher / 



160 

The SoVereigne tbeD declared that the reaaon of thecdEif o( 
this chapter was to consider of the pretentioiia iA Doct' Sett 
Ward Bp of Salisbary, exhibited in a petition eoBceniing the 
title and claime of lumself k, his aneeeas" nnto the office of 
Chancellor of the most noble order of the Garter, whea tie 
same should become void : the Bishop gronnding the E^ty 
of his Claim upon a charter first granted by K. Edw 4 is the 
15 year of his Reigne unto Richard Beanchamp, Bislx^ of 
Sarum, & his successors for ever, w^ Charier hath beeo 
since confirmed under the Great Seal of England by 4ther 
Kings and Queens, & particularly by K. Charles the fint of 
ever blessed memory. Hereupon the Bishop being calkd iii« 
& comanded to produce his proofs to make good his preteo- 
sion, accordingly the Bishop humbly offered an aotheo- 
tiq* copy of the original charter of the s** Ediv 4 renewed k 
confirmed by the s' K. Charles the 1 in the 4 yeare of hU 
reigne. The w^ being read & duely considered, together with 
objections to the contrary, particularly, that the possession 
& execution of the said office of Chancellor had been for above 
an hundred years^ comitted unto lay-men, Notvnxhstandiog 
which, the Sovereigne & Companions, being fully satisfied 
with the justness of the claime of the said Bishop, groonded 
upon the aforesaid Charters, And likewise considering tbit 
the restoreing of the s^ office to the first institution would be 
for the honor & dignity of the said most noble Order, The 
Sovereigne thereupon, with the Unanimous Consent of the 
most noble Companions, then present, did declare and ordeiae, 
that the Bishop of Sarum & his successors for ever, sbill 
have & execute the office of Chancellor of the said most noble 
Order, & receive & enjoy all rights, privileges, & advantages 
thereunto belonging, imediately upon the first vacancy of tbe 
aaid office. 

This order was dd to me S. S. by St. Edw. Walker Gsrtei 
K. at armes^ Dec. 3. 1669. 



161 

A Catalogue of ckncll'* of tbe most noble otder of the Oar- 
rfrom the first instituon till Nov. 1669. 



ps. Rich : Beaucharop^ 
Lionel Woodvil 
Tho. Laogton 



It is not so clear from the regrs as 
could be wished who were Gh*^" the 

Joh. Blith Vmost p^ of the reigne of H. 8. there 

Hen. Dean I is onely mention of Dr. Taylor^ being 

Edw. Audly I Vicech" in 1 9 H. 8. 

Lanr : Campe^^o J 



Cats. Sr. Wm. Cecil. 12. Apr. pat : de ann : Ed. 6. ps. 8. 
Wm. Peters 28 Maii pat, l.Mar : pars 6. 
Tho : Smith 25 Apr. p. 14 E\h 9 

Fran : Walsingh.' 8. Oct . 1 9 Eliz 1 2 

Amias Paalet 15 Mar. 30 Eliz 2 

Joh: Woolly. 31 Eliz 

Ed:Dier. 22 Ap. 38 Eliz 12 

John Herbert 21 M^i 6 Jac : 36 

George More 1 1 Jul 9 Jac : 35 

Fran: Crane 21 Jul 2 Car. 1. 8 
Tho: Row 17 Dec. 12 C. 21 

James Palmer 20 Car 1 . 
Hen : de Vic Car 2. obiit Nov 22. 1671. 




)p. Mi Seth Ward Eps Sam' Nov. 25. 1671. 



Cancel! ariatus. Institutus £. 4. 15. 1475 
Eps : Sarnm. Destitut. H. 8. 14. 1522 
Eps : Sarum. Restit. C. 23. 1671 J 



»i 



The following extract from Bishop Ward's 
amnion place book^ is of a less dignified nature: 
-it is a recipe for the cure of the gout. 

" Unguentn* Podagricnm. 

Take an old fat cat, and flea it, draw forth the jjpitts, then 
itb a rolling pin beat it well, and so put it altogether into 
e belly of a fat gander^ with pepper j ]b. mustard and pars- 
^ seeds 4 ozs. six penny weight of bole armoniac, a good 
lantity of wormwood and gailic. Rest the gander well« 
veing the grease^ with it anoint the grieved part.*' 




162 

Bp. Ward's will is in office Prerog. Cant. Efrr. 
p. 11. (In the vol. for 1689, he occurs undei' 
S.) Dated 13. Ap. 3d Jas. 11. 1687. Proved 
12 Jan. 1688, by Seth Ward. Ti%as. Sar. Cath. 
In it he gives directions that he may be buried 
in the Cath. of Sarum, near his predecessor 
Davenant. Funeral and memorial not to ex- 
ceed £300. Gives the deans of Canterbuiy, 
St. PauFs, and Peterborough, 20s. to bay rings. 
Gives his nephew, Thomas W., j6700> and bis 
nephew, John, £500 ; to Ins sister, Norton, £200; 
to his neice, -Cuthbert, £100 ; to his neice, Jen- 
ner, £100; to his nephew, Samms, £300; aqd 
to Jane, dau. of his neice, Seth W. Treas. Sar. 
£200. He adds, ^^ also I doe give unto such 
person who shal be my successor in Bishopprick 
of Sarum the guilt hangings and other furniture 
in the Parlor of my Pallase at Sarum & all sur- 
veyes, written books & notes of mine relating to 
the Jurisdiction or state of that bishopprick & 
all books & notes of mine relating to the most 
noble order of the Garter & also the lease of Could 
Harbour heretofore granted unto me by deane 
& chapter of Sarum all which I desire my said 
successor that he would leave at his death, or re- 
move, all to the next suceeding Bishopp of Sa- 
rum my will & meaning being that they should 
remaine & be continued for the use & benefitt of 
each suceeding Bp of the said diocese Also I 
give to the library of the Ch, of Sar the great 



163 

»ctioii of Councills by Labbeils & ode moyety 
alf part of all such of my other printed books 
3h are not books already in the said library 
1 the residue of my printed bookes I give un- 
ly said nephews Seth Ward & Thomas Ward.** 
ubrey, in his MSS. printed in ^Letters from 
Bodlein^' 3. 571, says that Bp. Ward "peru- 
ill the records of the Church of Sarum which 
1 long lying had been conglutinated and took 
dgments of them which had not been done 
iny of his predecessors for some hundred 
3," &c. Aubrey gives some curious parti- 
rs of Ward's appointment to the see of Exon. 
gave anno 167. • « .lib., .towards the making 
iver at Salisbury navigable to Christ-church.*' 
no 1679, he gave to Sidney CoU. £1000," tfc. 
Portraits. Granger says there is a portrait 
im in the town-hall, Sarum, by Greenhill, 
pil of Sir P. Lely, vol. 4. 121 ; and also, 3. 
An engraving by Loggan, large h. sh. 
). ib. Of this portrait Bromley says ^ ad 
91.* Per. 6. class 4. p. 178. He adds a 

rms. As. a cross flory. O. Wood's MSS. 
noL 



ut 



M 



164 



5. GILBERT BURNET^- 

SuccESsiT A. D. 1689.— Obiit A. D. 1714—15. 



In a work like the present, it is not to be ex-: 
pected that we should enter at large into the 
lives of persons, of whom such ample materiab* 
^re every where to be found. The life of Bp. 
Burnet requires a separate volume, and that of 
no inconsiderable size. It has rather been the 
object of the present work to concentrate tbe 
widely dispersed notices of Prelates, of whom 
but little has hitherto been generally known, and 
whose memoirs, such as they are, have never 
yet been presented to the public in a regular 
form, in any biographical collection. With re- 
gard to Bp. Burpet, we must necessarily conteat 
ourselves with his life, as compiled by his son 
Thomas, and subjoined to the Bp's. History of 
his own Times, 2 vols. fol. Lond. 1724, & 1734, 
vol. 2, p. 672. It is that life which forms the 
basis of the memoir in the Biog. Brit, new 
edition, vol. 3, p. 20. 

Gilbert Burnet, was born at Edinburgh, SepL 
18, 1643. His father was the younger brother 
of an ancient family, in the shire of Aberdeen, 
and was bred a Civilian. It has been recorded 
of him^ that he never 'took a fee from a 



165 

clergyman when suing in right of his Church. 
His mother, from whom, probably, the Bp% 
thological principles took their bias, was sister 
of Sir Archibald Johnstonn, who, during 
the civil wars, was at the head of the Pres- 
byterian faction — she had, it seems, deeply 
and incurably, imbibed the errors of that sect. 
Gilbert received the first rudiments of his educa* 
tion from his &ther ; under whose care he made 
£0 quick a progress, that at 10 years of age, he 
perfectly understood the Latin tongue , at which 
time he was sent to the college of Aberdeen, 
where he acquired the Greek, and went through 
the usual course of Aristotelian Logic and Phi- 
losophy, with uncommon applause. He was 
scarcely 14, when he commenced M. A., and 
then applied himself to the study of the Civil 
Law ; but, after a year's diligent application to 
that science, he changed his resolution, and 
turned his thoughts wholly to the study of Di- 
vinity. At 18, he was put upon his trial as a 
Probationer or Expectant Preacher, and, at the 
same time, was offered the presentation to a very 
good benefice, by his cousin-german Sir Alex, 
;Bumet : but, thinking himself too young for the 
cure of souls, he modestly declined that offer. 
His education, thus happily begun, was finished 
}}j the conversation and advice of the most emi-* 
sent Scotch Divines, In 1663, about two years 
4After his father's death, |ie came into England, 




166 . 

where he first visited the two Universities ; an 
after a short stay of about six months, he n 
turned to Scotland, where he declined acx^pdoj 
the living of Saltoun, offered him by Sir B 
Fletcher of that place, resolving to travel k 
some months beyond sea. In 1664, our aotho 
went over into Holland; where, after he hai 
seen what was remarkable in the Seven Pro 
vinces, he resided for some time at Amsterdam 
from whence passing through the Netherlaiidi 
into France, he made some stay at Paris. To 
wards the end of the year, he returned into Soot 
land, taking London in the way; where be wasift 
troduced by the President Sir Rob. Murray, to In 
a member of the Royal Society. In 1665, hewM 
ordained a Priest by the Bp. of Edinburgh, aii 
presented by Sir Rob. Fletcher to the living ii 
Saltoun, which had been kept vacant during hi 
absence. He soon gained the affections of hi 
whole parish, not excepting the Presbyterian!; 
though he was the only clergyman in Scotland thrt 
made use of the prayers in the Liturgy of tbe 
Church of England. The same year, he drew 19 
a memorial of the abuses of the Scotch Bps. wfakh 
exposed him to the resentments of that order; 
whereupon, resolving to confine himself to stodi^ 
and the duties of his function, he fell into such 1 
retired and abstemious course of life, as greatlf 
impaired his health. About 1668, the goven- 
ment of Scotland being in the hands of modeiate 



167 

mkesky of whom the principal was Sir Rob. Mar* 
ray, our author was frequently sent for and con- 
sulted by them ; and it was through his advice 
tfaat some of the more moderate Pi*e8b3rterian8 
were put into the vacant churches ; a step which 
lie himself has since condemned as indiscreet. 
In 1669, our author was made Div. Prof, at Glas- 
gow ; in which station he continued four years 
and a half^ exposed, through his principles 
of JEBoderation, to the ill-will both of the Episco- 
pal and Presbyterian parties. The same year he 
published his Modest JS^/ree conference between a 
comformut and a rum-conformist. About this time 
he was intrusted, by the Dutchess of Hamilton 
with the perusal of, and putting in order, all the pa- 
pers relative to her father's and uncle's ministry ; 
which put him upon compiling Memairs of the 
Dukes of Hamilton^ and occasioned his being in- 
vited to London, to receive farther information, 
concerning the transactions of those times, by 
the £. of Lauderdale ; between whom and the 
Dnke of Hamilton, he managed and concluded 
a reconciliation. During his stay in London, be 
was offered a Scotch Bishopric, which he refiisedr 
Soon after his return to Glasgow^ he married 
Lady Margaret Kennedy, dau. of the £. of Cas- 
nlis. In 1672, he published his Findication of 
the authority J constitution, and laws, of thf 
Church and State of Scotland, which was thought, 
^t that juncture, such a public service, tbs^t hif 




168 

was again courted to accept of a Bp.ric^ wiUi k 
promise of the next vacant Arch-Bp.ric ; but he 
persisted in his refusal of that dignity. In 1673, 
he took another jonmey to London^ where, at 
the express nomination of the King, after hearing; 
him preach, he was swom one of his chaplains in 
ordinary. He became likewise, in high fovonr 
with his Majesty and the Duke of York. At hu 
return to Edinburgh, finding the aniiiuifiities be- 
tween the Dukes of Hamilton and Laudardale 
revived, he retired to his station at Glasgow; bat 
was obliged the next year to return to Court, to 
justify himself against the accusations of the 
Duke of Lauderdale who had rqirasented him as 
the cause and instrument of aU the. oy y o sitioD the 
measures of the Court had met with in the Scotch 
Parliament. Thus he lost the favour oi the 
Court, and, to avoid putting himself into the 
hands of his enemies, he resigned the Professor*8 
chair at Glasgow, and resolved to settle in Lon- 
don, being now about 30. Soon after he was 
offered the living of St. Giles's Cripplegate, which 
he declined accepting.* In 1675, at the re- 
commendation of Lord Holies, and notwith- 
standing the interposition of the Court agsunst 



* It \va.M iu the gift of the dean & chapter of St. Paul's, who bad expR*^ 
sed some inclinatioD to bestow it upon Dr. Fowler, afterwards Bislwp d 
Gloucester ; but bein^ made acquainted with the circumstances of oarao- 
thor, and the hardships he hact undergone, they sent him an offer of thi 
benefice : he thanked them for the favour, but said, that, as he had bees 
informea of their intention of conferring it upon so worthy a difinej ke 
did not thinl£ himself at liberty to take it. 



V 



169 

him^ he was appointed preacher at the Rolls 
Chapel, by Sir Harbottle Grimstone, master of 
the rolls. The same year he was examined before 
the House of Commons in relation to the Duke 
of Lauderdale, whose conduct the Parliament 
was then enquiring into. He was soon after cho- 
sen Lecturer of St. Clement's, and became a very 
popular pi'eacher. In 1676, he published his 
Memoirs of the Dukes of Hamilton, and the same 
year. An Account of a Confei^ence between hin^ 
self Dr. Stillingfleet, and Coleman, About this 
time, the apprehensions of Popery increasing dai- 
ly, he undertook to write The History of the 
Reformation of the Church of England ; which 
he executed with great success and universal ap- 
plause. In 1680^ he published An Account of 
the Life and Death of the Earl of Rochester y with 
whom he became accidentally acquainted. Du- 
ring the affair of the Popish plot. Dr. Burnet was 
ofiten sent for by K. Charles, and consulted upon 
the state of the nation ; and, about the same time, 
refused the vacant Bp.ric of Chichester, which 
bis Majesty offered him, provided he would en- 
tirely come into his interest. But, though his 
free access to that monarch did not procure him 
preferment, it gave him an opportunity of send- 
ing his Majesty a most remarkable letter, in 
which, with great freedom, he reprehends the 
vices and errors both of his private life and his 
government. The unprejudiced part he acted 




170 



during the time the nation was inflamed with the 
discovery of the Popish plot ; his candid endea- 
vonrs to save the lives of Staley bnd the Lord 
Stafford, both zealous papists ; his temperate con- 
duct in i-egard to the exclusion of the Duke of 
York ; and the scheme of a Prince R^;ent, pro- 
posed by him, in lieu of that exclusion ; are sot 
ficiently related in his Htstary of his awn Hme. 
In 1682, when the administration was whdly 
changed in favor of the Duke of York, he con- 
tinued steady in his adherence to his friends, and 
chose to sacrifice all his views at Court, partica- 
lariy a promise of the mastership of the Temple, 
rather than break off his correspondence with 
them. This year, he published his Life of 5ir 
Matthew Hale, and his History of the Rights qf 
Princes in disposing of Ecclesiastical Benefcm 
and Church Lands ; which being attacj^ by an 
anonymous writer. Dr. Burnet published, the 
same year, An Answer to the Animadversions on 
the History of the Rights of Princes. As he was 
about this time, much resorted to by persons of 
all rnnks and parties, in order for a pretence to 
avoid the returning so many visits, he built a la- 
boratory, and, for above a year, went through a 
course of chemical experiments. Upon the exe- 
cution of the Lord Russel, with whom he was 
familiarly acquainted, he was examined before 
the House of Commons, in relation to that Liord's 
f^peech on the scaffold^ in the penning of whichi 



171 

he was suspected to have had a hand. Not loti|; 
after, he reftised the offer of a living of j6300 a* 
3^ear, in the ^ft of the £. of Halifax, who would 
liave presented him, on condition of his residing 
still in London. In 1683, he went over to Paris, 
"where he was well received by the Court, and be- 
came acquainted with the most eminent pei'sons, 
lM>th Popish and Protestant. This year came out 
liis Translation and examination af a Letter torii 
hy the last general assembly of the Clergy of 
France to the Protestants, inviting them to return 
io their Communiony &c. ; also his Translation of 
Sir Thomas More's Utopiay with a Preface conr 
-cermng the nature of translations. The year fol- 
lowing, the resentment of the Court against our 
author was so great, that he was discharged from 
bis lecture at St. Clement's, by virtue of the 
King's mandate to Dr. Hascard, rector of that 
parish ( and, in Dec. the same year, by an order 
from the Lord-Keeper North to Sir Harbottle 
Grimstone, he was forbidden preaching any more 
at the Rolls Chapel. In 1685, came out our au- 
thor's Life of Dr. fFm. Bedell, Bp. of Kilmare 
in Ireland. Upon the death of K. Charles, and 
accession of K. James, having obtained leave to 
go out of the kingdom, he went first to Paris 
where he lived in great retirement, to avoid 
being involved in the conspiracies then forming 
in favour of the D. of Monmouth. But, having 
contracted an acquaintance with Brigfulier 




17?} 

Stouppe, a Protestant officer in the French ser- 
vice, he was prevailed upon to take a journey 
with him into Italy, and met with an agreeaUe 
reception at Rome and Geneva. After a tour 
through the southern parts of France, lUly, Swit- 
zerland, and many places of Germany, of wfaidi 
he has given an account, with reflections on 
their several governments, 8gc. in his Trtweby 
published in 1687, he came to Utrecht, and in- 
tended to have settled in some quiet retreat 
within the Seven Provinces; but, being invited 
to the Hague by the Prince and Princess of 
Orange, he repaired thither, and had a great 
share in the councils then carrying on, in rela- 
tion to the affairs of £ngland. In 1687, our 
author published a Translation of Lactantiui^ 
concerning the Death of the Persecutors. The ^ 
high favour shewn him at the Hague, disgostiog 
the English Court, K. James wrote two severe 
letters against him to the Princess of Oraoge, 
and insisted, by his ambassador, on his bdog 
forbidden the court ; which, at the King's impor- 
tunity, was done; though he continued to be 
employed and trusted as before. Soon after, a 
prosecution for high-treason was set on foot 
against him, both in Scotland and in England; 
but the States refusing, at the demand of tbe 
English Court, to deliver him up, designs wat 
laid of seizing his person, and even destroying 
him, if he could be taken. About this time. Dr. 



173 

Barnet married Mrs. Mary Scott^ a l)utcli \a,df 
of large fortune, and noble extraction. He had a 
very impoMant share in the whole conduct of the 
Revolution in 1688 ; the project of which he gave 
early notice of to the Court of Hanover, inti- 
mating, that the success of this enterprise must 
naturally end in an entail of the British crown 
upon that illustrious house. He wrote also se- 
veral pamphlet^s in support of the Prince of 
Orange's designs ; and, when his Highness un- 
dertook the expedition to England, Burnet ac- 
companied him as his chaplain, notwithstanding 
the particular circumstances of danger to which 
lie was thei'eby exposed. At Exeter, after the 
Prince's landing, he drew up the association for 
pursuing the ends of his Highnesses declaration. 
Dming these transactions. Dr. Crew, Bp. of Dur- 
Lam, who had rendered himself obnoxious by the 
part he had acted in the High-Commission Courts 
having proposed to the Prince of Orange to re- 
sign his Bp.ric in favor of Dr. Buraet, on condi- 
tion of an allowance of £1000 per ann. out of the 
revenue, he refused to accept it on those terms. 
But King Will, had not been many days on the 
throne before Dr. Burnet found the due recom- 
pence of this self-denial, being advanced to the 
see of Salisbury, in the room of Dr. Seth Ward, 
deceased; and consecrated March 31, 1689. 
He was so little anxious after his own prefer- 
ment, that when the Bp.ric of Salisbury became 




174 

Toid, as it* did soon after King WHl. and Q/ 
Maiy were established on the throne, he sdidted 
for it in fisiyour of his old friend Dr. Lloyd, then 
Bp. of St. Asaph ; and that the King answered 
him in a cold way, that he had another permm k 
view; and the next day he himself was nbminated 
to that see. The Bishop himself tells ns, the King 
named him to that see in terms more obliging 
than usually fell from him ; and that^ idien he 
waited on the Queen, she said, she hoped he 
would now put in pi-actice those notions with 
which he had taken the liberty often to entertain 
her. The Bp. informs us farther, that Abp. 
Sancroft refused to consecrate him, and for sodm 
days seemed determined to venture inctirring a 
proemunire, rather than obey the mandate for 
consecration ; but at last he gmnted a commis- 
sion to all the Bps. of his pravince, or to any 
three of them, in conjunction with the Bp. of 
London, to exercise his metropolitan authority 
during pleasure. Our prelate had scarcely taken 
his seat in the House of Lords, when he distin- 
guished himself by declaring for moderate mea- 
sures with regard to the clergy who scrupled to 
take the oaths, and for a toleration of the Pro- 
testant Dissenters from the Church of England: 
and when the bill for declaring the rights and 
privileges of the subject, and settling the sue* 
cession of the crown, was brought into Parlia- 
ment, he was the pei*son appointed by King Will 






175 

propose naming the Duchess (afterwards 
Uectress) of Branswick, next in succession after 
lie Princess of Denmark and her is&ue ; and 
rhen this succession afterwards took place^ he 
ad the honour of being chairman of the com- 
littee to whom the bill was referred. This made 
im considered by the house of Hanover as one 
nnly attached to their interests^ and engaged 
im in an epistolary correspondence with th» 
^rincess Sophia, which lasted to her death. This 
ear the Bp. addressed a pastoral letter to the 
lergy of his diocese, concerning the oaths of 
Uegiance and supremacy to K. Will, and Q. 
dary ; in which having grounded their majesties' 
itle to the crown upon the right of conquest, 
ome members of both houses took such offence 
t it, that they [irocured an order for burning 
be book by the hands of the common execu- 
ioner. After tlie session of parliament was over, 
he Bp. went down to his diocese, where, by his 
ious, prudent, and vi^lant discharge of the 
piscopal functions, he gained an universal love 
nd esteem. In 1 G92, he pubished a treatise, in- 
itled. The pastoral care ; in which the duties of 
be clergy are laid down with great strictness, 
nd enforced with no less zeal and warmth. The 
lext year came out his Four Discourses to the 
lergy of his diocese. In 1694, our author 
^reached the funeral sermon of Abp. Tillotson, 
idth whom he had long kept up an intimate ac- 




176 

* 

quaintance and friendsUp, and whose memory 
he vindicated against the virulent attacks made 
upon it. The death of Queen Mary, whicb 
happened the year following, drew from our an* 
thor's pen that Essay on her character j which her 
uncommon talents, and shining qualities, merit- 
ed at the hands of a person who enjoyed so high 
a degree of her favour and confidence. After the 
decease of that princess, thi*ough whose hands 
the affairs and promotions of the church had 
wholly passed, our Prelate was one of the eccle- 
siastical commission appointed by the King to re- 
commend to all Bishoprics, Deaneries, and other 
vacant benefices in Ids Majesty's gift. In 1698, 
the Bp. lost his wife by the smuU-pox ; but the 
consideration of the tender age of his children; 
and his own avocations^ soon induced him to 
supply that loss by a marriage with Mrs. Berk- 
ley. Tliis year he was appointed preceptor to 
the Duke of Gloucester, and employed great 
care in the education of the young prince. In 
1699, our author published his Exposition of ike 
39 Articles of the Church of England. This 
excellent performance was censured by the Low* 
er House of Convocation, in 1701, first, as al- 
lowing a diversity of opinions, which the Articles 
were intended to prevent ; 2dly, as contmning 
many passages contrary to the true meaning rf 
the Articles, and to other received doctrines of 
the Church ; and, 3dly, as containing some things 



177 

if pemicioDS consequence to the Chilrch, and 
ierogatory from the honor of the Reformation : 
rat that Hoase refusing to enter into particulars, 
mless they might, at the same time, offer some 
itber matters to the Upper House, which the 
Bishops would not admit of, the affair was drop- 
ped* The Exposition was attacked in a piece 
tntitled, A Prefatory Discourse to an Examina- 
tixm of a late Book^ intitled, An Exposition, &c. 
London, 1702, in 4to. An answer to this dis^ 
course came out the year following. Dr. Jona- 
than Edwards, likewise attacked our author, in 
apiece, intitled, The Exposition given hy my 
Lord Bishop of Sarum, of the second Article of 
fmr Religion^ examined. London, 1702. in4to. 
In answer to which, there appeared Remarks on 
the Examinist of the Exposition, &c. London 
1702. At the same time, Mr. Robert Burscough, 
published A Vindication of the Article of Reli- 
gion, from a late Exposition, ascribed to my 
Lord Bishop of Sarum. Mr. Edmund Elys 
likewise published, in 1704, Reflections on a 
late Exposition of the Articles, &c. in 4to.* 



* The uMe of Buruet's Exposition of the 39 Articles, is now entirely sn- 
peneded by a concise and well written Exposition, by Sir G. Tomliiie, 
Bmrt. the present venerable and deservedly respected Bp. of Winehester, 
IB which all the excellence of Burnet's book is embodied, and his errors 
oferiuy kind avoided. The work is written in an easy, enga^^ing, and in- 
•Cnctive style, and, without dogmatisni, pedantry, or prejudices, con- 
fgsUie fullest information on every point of a Churchman's belief. 
BWiop TomHne's Elements should be placed in the hands of every young 
man and woman whose parents are anxious to instU into their nmids the 
" — *-^ priDdpkt of orthodox Christhinity. 



M 




178 

la 1704^ the scheme for the augmentatioo of 
poor livings, first projected by Bp. Burnet, took 
place, and passed into an Act of Parliament* 
In 1706, he published a collection of Sermtm 
and Pamphlets J in 3 vols } in 1710, an Exposir 
Hon of the Church Catechism ; and in 1719^ 
Sermons on several Occasions^ with an Es$mi 
towards a new Book of Homilies. This learned 
and eminent Prelate died March 17, 1714-15, 
in the 72d year of his age, and was interred in ' 
the palish church of St. James's Clerkenwell, in 
London. Since his death, his History of his 
own Time, with an Account of his Life annexed, 
has been published, in 2 vols. foL by lus son 
Thomas Burnet, Esq. Our author^s public 
character, and conduct as a Bp. have been al- 
i-eady set forth : it remains only to take a short 
view of him in his domestic life, to which we 
shall subjoin his general character, as drawn by 
the Marquis of Halifax. 

I lis time was employed iu one regular and 
uniform manner. He was a very early riser, 
seldom in bed later than 5 or 6 o'clock in the 
morning. Private meditation took up the two 
fii*st hours, and the last half hour of the day. 
His fit*st and last appearance to his family was 
at the morning and evening prayers, which he 
always read himself, though his Chaplains were 
pi*esent. He took the opportunity of the tea-taUe 
to instruct his children in religion, ^nd in giving 



179 

Uiem his own comment upon some portion of 
tcriptare. He seldom spent less than six^ often 
eight hou» a day itt his study. He kq>t an open 
table, in which there was {riienty without lumiry : 
his equipage was decent and plain ; and all his 
espences generous, but not profuse* He was a 
most affectionate husband to his wives ; and his 
love to his children expressed itself, not so much 
in hoarding up wealth for them, as in giving 
tiiem the best education. After his sons had per- 
fected, themselves in the learned languages, un- 
der private tutors, he sent them to the University 
attd aft^:wards abroad, to finish thdr studies at 
I^den, In bis firiendships, he was warm, open- 
hearted, and constant ; and though his staticm 
md principles luised him many enemies, he al- 
jrays endeavoured by the kindest good offices, to 
fepay all theii' injuries, and overcome them by 
returning good for evil. He was a kind and 
bountiful master to his sei*vants, and obliging to 
all in emfloymeat under him« His charities 
were a principal article of his expence. He gave 
an hundred pounds at a time for the augmenta^ 
tkm of small livings ; he bestowed constant peur 
moos on poor clergymen and their widows, on 
atodents for their education at the universities, 
and on industrious, but unfortunate families ; he 
contributed frequent sums towards the repairs or 
building of churches and parsonage-houses, to all 
public collectiiHis,to the support of charity-scboob 

m2 




180 

(one of which, for fifty children at Salisbury/wal 
wholly tnaintained by him), and to the pottio^ 
out apprentices to trades. Nor were his ahni 
confined to one nation, sect, or party ; but want 
and merit, in the object, were the only measiiM 
of his liberality. lie looked upon himself, with 
fegard to his epijscopal revenue, as a mere trustee 
for the Church, bound to expend the whole in a 
decent inaintenance of his station, and in acts of 
hospitality and charity ; and he had so faithfully * 
balanced this account, that, at his death, nomoie 
of the income of his bishopric remained to his 
family, than was barely sufficient to pay his debts. 
Dr. Burnet is like all men, who are dbove the or- 
dinary leTcl, seldom spoken of in a mean; he mud 
either be railed at, or admired. He has a swifts 
ness of imagination, that no other comes up to; 
and as our nature hardly allows us to have 
enough of any thing, without having too much, 
he cannot at all times so hold in his thought^ 
but that at some time they may run away witb 
him ; as it is hard for a vessel, that is brim-fiilly 
when in motion, not to run over ; and therefore 
the variety of matter, that he ever carries about 
him, may throw out more than an unkind critic 
would allow of. His first thoughts may some^ 
times require more digestion, not from a defect 
in his judgment, but from the abundatice iA\A 
fancy, which furnishes too fast for him. His 
friends love him too well^ to see small faults ; or 



181 

if they do, think that his greater talente give him 
a priyel^e of straying from the strict rules of 
caution, and exempt him from the ordinary rules 
of censure. He produces so fast, that what is 
well in his writings calls for admiration, and what 
is incorrect deserves an excuse ; he may in some 
things require grains of allowance, which those 
only can deny him who are unknown or unjust 
to him. He is not quicker in discei*ning other 
men's faults, than he is in forgiving them; so 
ready, or rather glad, to acknowledge his own, 
that from blemishes they become ornaments. All 
the repeated provocations of his indecent adver- 
saries, have had no other effect than the setting 
bis good-nature in so much a better light, since 
his anger never yet went fait her than to pity them. 
That heat, which in most other men raises sharp- 
ness and satire, in him glows into warmth for his 
frieoiis ^nd compassion for those in want and 
misery. As dull men have quick eyes in discern^ 
iug the smaller faults of those that nature has 
Hiade superior to them, they do not miss one blot 
lie makes ; and being beholden only to their bar- 
renness for their discretion, they fall upon the er- 
rors which arise out of his abundance , and, by a 
mistake, into which their malice betrays them, 
|bey think, that by finding a mote in his eye, they 
hide the beams th^t are in their own. His quick- 
ness makes writing so easy a thing to him, that 
his spirits are neither wasted nor soured by it : 




182 

the soil is not forced:, every thing grows, and 
brings forth, without pangs ; which distingoiahBi 
as much what he does, from that which smeUi 
of the lamp, as a good palate will discern be- 
tween fruit which comes from a rich mould, and 
that which tastes of the micleanly paiss that 
have been bestowed upon it. He makes taoBj 
enemies, by setting an illr-natured examfde of 
living, which they are not inclined to IbUav. 
His indiflference for preferment; his oonteiBpt, 
not only of splendor, but of all unnecessary pka* 
ty ; his degrading himself into the low«8t and 
most painful duties of his calling ; are such an* 
prelatical qui^ties, that, let him be ever so or- 
thodox in other things, in these he must be a 
Dissenter. Virtues of such a stamp are so maijr 
heresies in the opinion of those Divines, who iMm 
softened the primitive injunctions, so as to make 
them suit better with the pi*esent fhdlty of man- 
kind. No wonder, then, if they are angry, since 
it is in their own defence ; or that, from a prin- 
ciple of self-preservation, they should endeavonr 
to suppress a man, whose parts are a sham^ 
and whose life is a scandal to them. The copy, 
from which this is printed, in the Bishop's fife, 
was taken from one given to the Bp., in the 
Marquis of Halli&x's own hand-writing. The 
following anecdote, concerning our prelate, 
was communicated to the Editor of theNeir 
Biographia Britannica^ by the Rev. Mr. HaB, 



bf Child-Okeford, Dorset. My gi-andfather^ says 
Mr Hall^ who was eminent for piety and learn^ 
img, was mnch esteemed by the Bp.^ and fre- 
<|aeiitly visited him at his palace at Salisbury. 
He paid bis Lordship a visit on purpose to con- 
gratulate him that he had just passed bis grand 
elimacterical year. A faithful servant, wlio had 
lived ^th his Lordship many yeai*s, and was in th^ 
room, turned and said, ^' Permit me, my Loi*d, to 
congratulate you on the same occasion, that you 
have gone through your grand hypocritical y ear r 
The Tories often told the story to the deiision of 
the good prelate. 

A fell and interesting list of Bp. Burnetts work^ 
will be found at the end of the 4th vol. of the 
Hist, of his Own Times j 4 vols. 8vo, 1818, p, 
381. 



ADDITAHXITTA. 



A. D. 1697, 2d Dec. The choir of the new 
Cathedral at St. Paul's, was opened for divine 
Service, on the thanksgiving day, for the peace 
of Ryswick, when the Bishop of Salisbury, 
{Gilbert Burnet) preached before the King, arid a 
great Court, which was held at Whitehall, and 
the evening concluded witl| grand illuminations. 
This was the^^^ service in the Church since the 
lire in 1666, which was continued with uniuter^ 




184 

rupted regularity'to'the present day. [Eimes* l^e 
of Wren, p. 484.] 

The following anecdote is related of Bp. 
Burnet's great absence :«- About the year I68O9 
several ladies of quality at Paiis^ were imprisoned 
on suspicion of poisoning, and among the rest the 
Countess of Soissons, niece to Cardinal Mazariiw^ 
and mother of the famous warrior Prince Eogene 
of Savoy. In the latter end of Q. Anne's ragn, 
when P. Eugene came over to England, Bp. Bur* 
net, whose curiosity was as eager a$ that pf any 
woman in (he kingdom, begged of ttie D. of 
Mai*lbro', that he might have the satisfaction of 
being in company with a person whose fam? re- 
sounded through all Europe. The Duke complied 
with his request on condition that he would be od 
his guard against saying anything that would giv; 
disgust : and he was accordingly invited to dine 
with the Prince and other company at Marlbro* 
House. The Bp. mindful of the caution he bad 
received, resolved to sit silent during the whole 
entertainment, and might have kept his resolution 
had not Prince Eugene, seeing him a dignified 
clergyman, taken it into his head to ask who be 
was. He had no sooner understood that it wag 
Dr. Burnet, of whom he had often heard, that he 
addressed himself to the Bp. and among otbei[ 
questions asked when he was last at Paris. Burnet, 
fluttered by this unexpected address, and ftill 
more perplexed by an eager desire to ^veih^ 



185 

ttitisfection required, answered with precipitation/ 
that he could not recollect the year, but it was 
fit the time, when the Countess of Soissons, £u- 
gene*s mother, was imprisoned. He had scarce 
pronounced these words, when his eyes meeting 
those of the duke, he instantly recognized his 
bhinder ; deprived of all the discretion he had 
left cedoubled his error by asking pardon of his 
highness: no answer being returned, he stared 
unldiy round and seeing the whole company 
equally embarrassed and out of countenance, he 
rose and withdrew in the utmost confusion. 

There is a portrait of this Bishop in the palace, 
Svum. Manning and Bray mention one at 
I^mbeth. \^IIist. Surry. 3. 475. note p.] Brom- 
ley gives a long list of engravings. Per. 7. cl. 4. 
p. 218. Granger nptices that by R. White, Mi. 
44. 4. 300. Noble gives a list of 1 6 engravings, 
1. 83. Bp. Buniet's will is in Offic. Prerog. 
Cant. Fagg. 58. 

A coiTespondent in the Gent. Mag. 1788. p. 
853, says, ^ I found the site of the St. Jameses 
• church, Clerkenwell, entirely cleared of every 
thing but the tomb stones on the floor, among 
which Bp. Burners was the most conspicuous. 
•I have since seen the Bp's. coffin laid on that pf 
Mrs. Mitchell, and that of her husband on one 
side. They will all be preserved in the new 
vaults, with the inscriptions on them. The Epi- 
taph on the bine slab is only *^ Hpre lies interred 




186 

the R. K F. in God, Gilbert Bdrnet, D. D. Ld 
B. of Sarum, Cbanc. of the M. N. O. of tbe 
Garter, who departed this life Mar. 17. 1714-lfi, 
in the 73d year of his age. 

A letter having been inserted in the Gazettes 
of Aug. 28, complaining of the apparent nqflect 
e( this eminent prelate's ashes, and calling on hi 
family and the Bench of Bishops to remedy it^ r^ 
ceived the following answer in the Gazetteer of 
Sept 1, from his Lp*s. great grandsm, 

" Chtgwell, Essex, Aug. 29. 

** Sir, The very just and patriotic character 
you have been pleased to bestow on my great 
grandfather, Bp. B. merits my warmest thanks. 

" Be assured, my good sir, that na filial re- 
verence has been wanting on my part to seenre 
the remains of my much honoured ancestor. 
A piece of ground is marked out for deposUiog 
the Bp's. coffin, together with that of his sob, 
Judge Burnet, and the rest of his family tbere 
interred, until a proper time for returning tlwtt 
as near the present spot, as the new buHdiffg wiH 
allow. 

^^ The monument, which has been taken down 
by my desire, will also be placed as uem the al- 
tar as possible. 

" Permit me. Sir, once more, to repeat my sin- 
eere acknowledgments, for the pub^ attentim 
you have paid to the memory of the late wortbf 



BitiMp* HiipPSr alvmlcl I be^ were H in my pcfWw 
^monXly, to say with what unfcigiied sineerily^ 
I am^ Sir^ your obedt. aervt. 

Thomas Burnet." 

Another correspondent in the same work, vol. 
58^ for the year 1788, pt. 2. p. 952, writes as fol- 
lows: 

'^ The article on Clerkenwell, p. 853, reminds 
me of a paragraph I some time since transcribed 
from a newspaper of March 26, 1716, which you 
may perhaps think worth presei*ving. 

'' Last Tuesday night, March 22, 1714-15, the 
body of that great and good man, the late Dr. 
Burnet, Bp. of Sarum, was interi*ed near the eom^'- 
munion-table, in Clerkenwell church, to which he 
was carried in a hearse, attended by mourning: 
coaches, from his house, in St. John's Square. 
The pall was supported by his worthy successor 
ia the see of Sarum ; the Bp. of Oxford, and by 
the Bps. of Ely, Norwich, Litchfield & Coventry^ 
aad Bangor. As the corpse was conveying to the 
church, the rabble, that shews no distinction ta 
toetk of great parts and learning, (when once they 
eoaceive an ill opinion of them) flung dirt and 
stones at the hearse, and broke the glasses of the 
coach that immediately followed it/' 

Notxes of the Bp's family will be found in 
Gent. Mag. 1802, Pt. 2, 598. His epitaph in vol. 
87, 1817, pt. 1, 113, together with a plate of the 
monument. Consult also Nichols's Liter. Anec. 




188 

I8th cent. p. 282. For an account of his third 
wife, see Noble's Granger, 2, 267. Of his obit 
dren, see Biog. Brit, new edit. 3, 38. 



6. WILLIAM TALBOT. 

SuccESSiT A. D. 1715 — trans ad dcnelh. a. D. 1721. 

Obiit a. D. 1730. 

Bp. Talbot, who was 4th in degixje of consan- 
guinity with Gilbert Talbot, who succeeded to 
the Earldom of Shrewsbury, in 1718, on the 
death of Chas. D. of Shrewsbury, was father of 
the celebrated Lord Chancellor Talbot, and 
great great grandfather of the present Earl, 
being only son of Will. Talbot, of Stourton* 
Castle, Co. Staff. Hutchinson, in his Hist. Dur 
1. 666, and A. Wood, Fasti 2.372. edit. Bliss, 
style him also of Lichfield, This Will. Talbot, 
the Bp's. father, was descended from the Talbots 
f Salwarp, Co. Wore, a brainch of the house of 
Shrewsbury, his ancestor being the Hon. Sir 
Gilb. Talbot, of Grafton, Co. Wore. 3d son of 



* Id an interesting and valuable work, edited by Mr. Nichols, entitlei 
Abp. Nicholson's Epist. Cnrresp, 1. 307 note, Stourton Castle is mis-called 
Stanton Oastle. In the same place also for Baliol read Oriel, and for H 
read 15 " natus," as A. Wood says (Aih. Ox. 4. 507. ed J « 1659, mairic. 
1674." Talbot was therefore only 15 when entered at Oxford. 



18d 

John^ 2d Earl of Shrewsbury,* and " citizeit 
Smd mercer of London, and merchant of the 
Staple, at Calais.'f 

The Bp. was born in 1659, (Wood. Ath. Ox. 
4. 507. edit, ut sup,) at Stourton Castle, Co. 
Stafford. (Hutchinson. Hist. Durham, 1. 566.) 
admitted Gent. Com. of Oriel Coll. Oxon, 1 674* 
Wood adds, he spoke a good speech in the En- 
caenia, like a child that was none of his own. 
(ut sup.) A. B. 1677. A. M. June 23, 1680. He 
soon after entered into Holy Orders, and was 
Rect. of Binfield, Berks, and afterwards by the 
interest of his kinsman, Chas. E. of Shrewsbury, 
promoted to the Deanery of Worcester. Deail 
Hicks, refusing the oaths to Will, and Maiy, 
was ejected thence. Green, Hist. Wore. 1.227^ 
says, he was installed Ap. 23, 1691, which Dr. 
Hicks opposed in vain^ by his protest affixed to 
the great door of the choir, wherein he main^ 
tained his claim of right to that dignity, against 



* The Earl of Shrewsbury was one of the most renowned warriors of 
the age ; it is of him that Shakespeare spealLS : 

•* Where is the great Alddes of the Aeld ? 
Valiant Lord Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, 
Created for his rare success in arms 
Great Earl of Wexford, Waterford^ and Valence 
Lord Taibof of Goodiich and Urchmfield 
Lord Strange of Blackniere, Lord Verdun of Alton 
Lord Cromwell of Wiugfidd, Lord Furnival of Sheffield 
The thrice victorious Lord of Falconbridge 
Knight of the nuble order of St. George 
Worthy St. Michael and the Golden Fleece, 
Great Marshall to King Henry the sixth 
Of all his wars within the realm of France." 
K. Hen. VI. Pt. 1. Act. 4. sc. 7. 

t Granger. Biog, Hist, Eng. 1. 5& 




t9» 

Mr. Talbot, and all other perwuB wbensoerer. 
This was called at Court, Dr. Hieks^s oiaiiiftsto 
against the Government, and nediioed him to 
the necessity of ab6Coiidiilg» till Lord Somen 
obtained his pardon. See Willis Cath. \. 661, 
and Ut. Anec \%th Cent \. 17. In June, 1691, 
says Mr. Surtees, he proceeded D. D. by diploma^ 
His. Dur. Gen. Hist. I. p. cxx. bat he did not 
' proceed/ for this was only a Lambeth d^;rea 
from Abp. Tillotson, and it was not till Aug. 8, 
1699, that the Univ. of Oxford nmde him D. D. 
by diploma. Cat. Oxf. Grad. On the death of 
Dr. Fell, he was consecrated Bp. of Oxfiord, 
Sept. 24, 1699, continuing to hdd his Deanery 
in commendam. Willis says he held it till 
his tmnslation to Sanim, in 1715. Caih. 1. 661. 
On the accession of Geo. I. he was made 
Dean of the Chapel Royal, and in 1716, 
succeeded Dr. Burnet, in the see of Saniro^ 
whence, in 1721, he was translated to Durham.* 
Sahnou, in the Chronol. Hist. p. 379, records 
his appointment to the Chapel Royal, as '^Bp.of 
Sarum,** 21st Mar. 1717. 

Very little seems to be known of this prelate 
during the six years he sat at Sarum. Bp. God- 
win's Continuator, barely records his succession, 
p. 361, int. Epos. Sarisb. 8s Dunmel, p. 760. 



• CoDgc dVlii-e Sep, 30, 172L Trans Oct. 12. Eniha Dec. 14, Snrtecf. 



in 

bough a very munificent prdate, he adopted, 
e Bp. of Durham, two measures which were 
Bient to have rendered a better man unpopu? 
He brought a bill into Parliament, which 
ed the house of Lords, but was rejected by 
Commons, for enabling the Bps, to grant 
38 of mines not theretofore usually demised 
tout the consent or confirmation of their 
i;ers ; and he advised the Dean and Chapter 
Durham, who had been hitherto sufficiently 
mt, that there was great room for advancing 
fines on renewal of their leasehold tenants, 
set them the example hidiself. After all, 
Talbot's expences exceeded his revenues, and 
iebts are said to have been twice paid by his 
tiou9 and distinguished son Lord Chancellor 
iot. [see Granger.]* The obnoxious bill 
ded to, was entitled ^^ an act to enable Abps. 
. Deans, Colleges, Hospitals, Parsons, Vicars, 
others having spiritual promotions, to make 
es of their mines which have not been accus* 
ably letten, not exceeding the term of 21 
rs, without taking any fines, or granting or 
iwing the same." The bill was vigorously 
osed by the Dean and Chapter, united with 
country interest then represented in Pariia- 



4ord Chancellor Talbot was universHlly honored, beloved, and la- 
sd, ^ a national lossi. He was an ornament to nis profession, his 
ry and human nature; of great talents, the most virtuous prindples, 
be most kind and amiable disposition. Smollet sa;s of tiim, that 
possessed the spirit of a Roman Senator— the elegance of an Atticus, 
I the integrity of a Cato/'-^iTi/f. Eng. in thenign 0/ Geo. II. 1733. 



ment by Sir John Eden, Bart, who m^ received 
on his I'eturn to the county by a cavalcade of 
1500 horse. The Bishop set up a countar caval- 
cade, and came into Durham Jan. 23. 

The following particulars from Hutchins's 
Hist. Durh. 1. 566 have escaped the intelligeot 
and accurate Mr. Surtees in his Hist, Ihark 
The Bp's 1st. wife was the daughter of Mr. Crispe^ 
an attorney at Chipping Norton, Co. Oxford. 
Wood's Ath. Ox. 4. 507 new edit. In June 1691 
he had a Lambeth degree from Abp. llllotsoa 
and distinguishing himself in the pulpit was more 
than once called to preach before the Queen, 
Hutchinson adds that his Lambeth d^ree was 
recognized in the University soon after his coming 
to the see of Oxford. On the contrary, Rawlin- 
Son says, in a note in the Ath. Ox. 4. 507 that be 
was created D. D. by diploma from the Unir. of 
Oxon. Aug< 8^ 1699, the year of his advancement 
to the bpric. of Oxon, which would have been 
supei*fluous had his Lambeth degi'ee been ^^ re^ 
cognized," nor, was it " after^ his coming to the 
see of Oxford, but the month before. The Uni- 
versity deeming Lambeth degrees an infringe- 
ment of their privilege, I should en /^rtain donbts 
as to their recognition of them. In 1721, the 
same year he succeeded Lord Crew at Durbam, 
he was made Governor of the Charter Hoose^ 
and on tlie death of Richard Earl of Scarboro', 
the King appointed him Lord Lieut, and Custos 



193 

Rotuloram of the co. palatine of Durham. The 
Bp. made his public entry into his diocese^ July 
J% 1722/ when Dr. Mangey made an elegant 
and public speech of congratulation at Farewell 
Hall. He went directly to the Cathedral to 
prayers, before he entered his Palace^ and pro- 
nonnced his blessing from the Throne. He 
preached at the Cathedral, on Sunday, July 15. 

Hutchinson. Hist. Dur. ut sup. observes, that 
In 9 years this Bishop disposed of all the best 
livings in his patronage, both his Archdeaconries, 
and half the stalk in his Cathedral. — Gray^s 
MSS. are quoted by him, for some ill-natured 
ronarks, which I forbear transcribing. 

The Bp. continued in the see of Durham tilt 
bis death, which happened at his house, in Han** 
over Square, London, Oct. 10^ 1730. He was 
privately buried in St. James's Church, West-- 
minster, (in Piccadilly.) There is not the slight- 
est monumental record of him there, or cIsCt 
where. The following is an extract from the 
Parochial Register of Burials : ^^ St. James's^ 
Westminster. Buried, October 14 1730. The 
Rt. Rev. F. in God, Dr. Wm. Talbot, Bp. of 
Durham. M." 

In Worcester Cathedral, there is a monument 
to the memory of Catherine Talbot, wife of Will. 
Bp. of Oxford. The inscription and plate are 
given in Thomas's Hist. Wore. p. 73. The arms 
[)i| the top are mismatched ; the dexter should 



194 

be Talbot, and the sinister, a lion ramp, betit^. 
3 cross crosslets, fitebee, O. for King. 

The Anns of this Prelate were, G. a lion 
ramp, within a boi*dure engrailed O. These were 
the arms of Rhese, Prince of S. Wales, whose 
daughter, Gilbert Talbot, who died 1274, ac 
ancestor of this family, had married. The old 
paternal coat of Talbot, was bendy of 10 pieces, 
Ar. & G.— TheBp. was brother-in-law of Lance- 
lot Blackburne, Abp. of York, and father of 
Henrietta Maria, wife of Chas. Trimnel, Bishop 
of Winchester. 

Publications. " His printed works,** says Mr. 
Suitees, "are confined to a letter occasioned by 
his speech on tlie 1st. article of impeachment 
against Dr. Sacheverell," Lond. 1710. "The 
Bp. of Oxford vindicated fi*om the abuse of a 
speech published under his Lordship's name.** ih/ 
"Primary charge to hi6 clergy of Sarum 1717."— 
ditto Durham 1722. — " 12 Sermons on several 
occasions." 1725. "A sermon preached for the 
benefit of the charity schools 1717, and two other 
printed sermons 1695 and 1702. Hutchinson in 
his Hist. Dur. 1, 573 says " 12 of the Bp*s. ser- 
mons were published in 1731," (Mr. Sui:tees says 
1725, which is probably a misprint) "in some of 
these he asserts the notion ofDr Sam. Clarke 
respecting the Trinity. He was strongly attach- 
ed to that divine, and has been heard to lament 
greatly that he could not give the Dr. the best 



I9i 

ilreternieiit be bad in his disposal by I'eason of hid 
^^fusing to subscribe the articles.^ See Biog. 
Btit. vol. 6. p. 3905, note, 9. [If this assertion 
>e correct, it is Wonderfiil that toy one possess- 
ng such heretical notions should have continued 

hold the episcopal, or any ministerial office in 
he Christian Church.] There are two speeches 
)f his in the House of Lords in print, one in favor 
)f the Union between England and Scotland, 
ind the other on the trial of Sacheverell. (See 
[Ihalmers Biog. Diet, vol.29, p. 107.) The Ox- 
ford historian, ^th. Oxon. edit. Bliss, enables us 
lo add the following : ^^a sermon in the cathedr. 
>f Wore, upon the monthly fast-day, 16 Sept. 
1691," on^wo^4.21.Lond. 1691,4to. A sermon 
;)€fore the Queen, at Whitehall,Feb. 26,1691,/raft. 

1 i 13. Lond. 1 692, 4to. "The unreasonableness and 
mischief of Atheism," preached before the Queen 
it Whitehall, Mar. 30. 1694. Ps. 14. 1. Lond. 
1694. 4to. The Bp's sermon on lay baptism, 
called forth " a letter" from Dr. Brett, addressed 
' to the author of Lay Baptism invalid, wherein 
the doctrine of lay baptism taught in a sermon 
said to have been preached by the Bp. of [Ox 
foi-d.] Nov. 7. 1710, is censured and condemned 
\>y all reformed churches." See Nichols's Lit. 
4nec. \Sth eent. 1. 411. This letter was replied 
to in Bingham's Scholastical Hist, of Lay Bapt. 

Portraits. — ^There is an engraved Portrait in 
Hutchinson's Hist. Durh. vol. 1. 566, copied 

N 2 



196 

from a print by Vertue^ after an original paint- 
ing, when Bp. of Sarum« Granger facet. Noble 
Contin, vpi. 3. p. 72, mentions, besides that we 
have alluded to in Hutchinson*s Durham, tbe 
2 following prints — ^Will. Talbot, Bp. of DuHiaiD, 
when Bp. of Sanim, as Chancellor of the Order 
of the Garter, mez. G. Kneller, p. Faber 6C.«- 
Will. Talbot, Bp. of Durham; — also, whenBp. 
of SaiTun, in the robes of the Order, as Chan- 
cellor, la. fol. G. Kneller, p. Vertue sc. 1720. 
Bromley mentions the two last, Per. 8. cl. 4. p. 
272. 

The following pedigree will shew the descen- 
dants of the Bishop.-^Much interesting infor- 
mation respecting the Talbot family, will be 
found in Bp. Porteus's Life of Ahp. Seeker, 
Nichols's Liter: Anec : of \Sth cent, ix 766. 
Butler's Life of Bp. Hildeslei/, and Gent. lUa^- 
xlii p, 267. Ixvi. 631. 



5- 



V 



William Talbot 
Stoarton Castle, co. Staff. 
80Q of John of Rudge, co< 
Salop, son of SheriDgton, 
son of John of Salwarp, 
half-brother to Sir John 
of Grafton, and son of Sir 
John T. 



o^fEMary, daughter ofTliOmas 
Doughty, of Whittington, 
CO. Wore Esq. 



r 



ter 
spe 
law 

ae 



sp Will : Bp2nd]y. 



Talbot, 

Bp. 
0)[. 1699 
Sar.1715 
DUR1722 
ob. 1730 



C^th. 
dau.of 

Aid. 
King, 

of 
Lond. 



l8tly.:7=Cath :Cr?2ndly. 
Walter Lancelot 

Lyttel- Black- 

ton, of burne, 

Lichfield Abp. of 

Esq. York 



Fran"^F8*itt« 

ces Jewkes 

of 

Wol- 

JSfley, 

Wore. 

Esq. 



tries, Ld==Cecily Matthews, 2. Edward, M. A. 3. Sheriiigton,cc]^ 



:ellor Ut 
r^botof 
»1 



[great ^nd dau. Fell.Oriel, Archd. 
and heir of David Berks, oblit 1721, 



reg. foot, m. Mid'* 
get, & had issue. 

Jenkins of Hensol having m. Mary^ — 4. Henry, com. 

co.Glam- the loyal dau. of Rev. Geo. excise. o4. ♦vP*— 

judge temp Car I. Martyu.prebLinc. 6. Oath. m. Edw. 

who mai: Cecilia & left an only dau. Sayer. Sp. Chan. 

dau. of Sir Thos. the celebrated Ca- Dur. MP-TotiieM 

Aubrey, aucest.of therine, named in ob. i73I.--6. Hen. 

the pres. bart. by will of Bp. Butler Maria, m.CTrim- 

Mary dau. ofAnt. 1752. Her much nel, Bp. ofWinch, 

Mansel, who was admired Letter to 

4th in desc from a new 6om infani, 

Agnes Chichele, may be seen in 

dau. of Wm. bro. Gent, Mag, 1770, 

of Abp. C. — See p. 76, vol. xl. 

Stem, Chic, Apx. 

422.] 

■ Il l I [ lllll*!. 

i. Will :=f Mary 3. John,cf3Cath : 4. Geo: D.D.^Hon. Aon^ 

dau.of declined the Bouverie dau 
John, Bpric. of St. of Jacob Ist 
2d vis. Dav. offered 



2d. Lord 

. created 

* Earll761 

fought a 

duel with 

WUkes, 

Jar.Dynevor 

remabider 

I only daur. 

82,wnen the 

lom bee. cxt. 

ir.ofT.wcnt 

neph. &bar. 

to his dau. 



Car- to whom 

donel Bp.Run- 

ble gave 

j^ 25,000 



r 



Chet- to him on the 
wynd. death of Bp. 
Ellis in 1760, 
ob. Nor. 19, 
1785. See a 
high charac- 
ter of him in 
Oent, Mag, 
1785. p. 922, 
and 948. 



vis Folkstone 
&sister of 1st 
E. of Radnor 



dl,=pGeorge John chetw.T.2TpLdyChar Charles,' 



ess 

wr 



RiceMP. 
co.Carm. 



succ : his uncle 
as 3d Ld Talbot 
I;82 &was crea. 
Earl T. 1784,— 
obiit 1793 



Hill dau. late dean 

of Wills, ofSarum 

Jst M of ob. 1823 
Downsh. 



:Lady Eliz. 
Somerset, 
dau. of Hen. 
5th Duke of 
Beaufort 



issue 



Talbot Rice, Charles Chetwrnd Talbot 

at Lord Dynevor present Earl Talbot 

Peerages are incorrect in calUng the present Earl's Father fFUliam, 
ime was JohnJ 

lb Clurlei Talbot, eldest son of the Cbancellor, a most mvaiUInf yoath, died 
kia fiiUeiv ia ITS^. Ho had nade the toor of £arope with TIimmob* Aatbtr 




198 . 

John Talbot, of Salwarp^ county of War- 
cester, who died 1572, having married Olivia, 
daughter and heir of Sir Will. Sheringham, of 
Lacock Abbey, Wilts, (from whom that property 
was acquired,) had issue a son and heir, Shering* 
ton, of both those places. This Sherington, 
married, Istly, Eliza, daughter and co-hdr of 
Sir Tho. Leighton, of ^eckenham, county of Wor- 
cester, by Mary, younger of the two daugfaterSi 
and co-heirs of £dw. last Lord Zouche of Har 
ingworth, co. Norts, who ob. 1625. Sheringtoa 
Talbot, had issue 6 sons, from whom there is 
no^ no surviving issue in the male line. Sber- 
ington, eldest son of Sherington, had issue by bis 
wife, a daughter of John Lyttelton^^ of Frankley, 
Esq. an only son. Sir John Talbot, of Lacock, 
who ob. 1714, leaving 3 daughters his co^hdrs; 
1 . Ann, 2. Barbara, wife of H. Yelverton, Lord 
Grey de Ruthyn, and Vis. Longueville, and by 
him was mother of Talbot, 1st Earl of Sussex. 
3. Gilberta ; Ann Talbot, the eldest m. Sir John 
Ivory, by whom she had John Ivory Talbot, oC^ 



of * The SeaMDii,* to whom Lord Talbot was a liberal patron, and kind beoeiictK 
The Poetf thai elegantly and affectionately bewails hit early death ; 

« O ! my lamented Talbot I while with thee. 
The Muse ny rov'd the glad Hesperian nmnd. 
Ana drew tn'ingpiring breath of ancient art*. 
Ah ! little thought she, her returning Terse, 
Should King our darling subject to the shade I 
And does tny mystic veil from mortal beam, 
Involve those eyes, where every virtue smilVi, 
And all the father's candid spint shone i 
The light of rieason pore, without a cloud ; 
Full of the generous heart, the mild regard : 
Honor, disdaining blemish, cordial fiJtn, 
And limpid truth, that looks the very soul.* 

[Opening of the Poem on UbertyO 



) 



199 

xd«, M. P. for Wilts, temp. G. 2. who, by 
y, daughter of the Ist, and sister s^ad heiv 
i'ho. 3d and last Lord Mi^nsel, had a dan. 

2 sons, viz. John of Lacock, and Thomas 
loly orders. Rector of CoUipgbonrn-ducis : 

dau. m. the Rev. Dr. Davenport. John, the 
:st ob. coel. and devised Lacock to his sister, 

her heirs, in consequence of which, her son 
ame the possessor ; and having on his uncle's 
tb, taken the name of Talbot, was distin- 
shed by the name of Davenport Talbot. The 
son, the Rev. Tho. Talbot, by virtue of the 

of the last Lord Mansel, his piaternal uncle, 
ime possessed of M argam, ^nd all the estates 
be Mansel family, in Wales. He m. about 
>, Jane, only daughter of Tho. Beach, Esq. 
Leevil, Wilts, and had issue Tho. Mansel 
>©t,* the possessor of Margam, co. Glamorg. 
aid seat of the Mansels, whom. Feb. 1794, 



o this ffentleniaii an elegant poem was addressed, while on his tra- 
>y the late Rer. J. Walten, of ^esiu Coll. Ox^ 8vo. 17bO. See p. 69. 
oUowing ijs an extract ; 

«* Thy pires in senates and in fields renown*d. 
With olive wreaths and war worn chaplets rrown'd, 
True to their Prince, and champions of the laws. 
They fouelit and conquerM in their couotry*s cause ; 
Oft round their warrior lords the hardy swains 
Took arms, and maichM embattled on the plains ; 
For still at liberty's insniring call, 
A train of heroes pourM from Margam's Hall. 
Now ail aiou«, all silent in the grave. 
Repofte the good, the eloquent, the brave : 
Their fame, their worth» their mem'ry time iovadejjt 
And fate surrounds them with her tenfold shades* 
From the dark vault, whore each great Mansel lies» 
On Thee we turn our all expecting eyes ; ' 

Thee from their tombs the sacred dead implorci 
ITicir steps to follow* and their fjpune restore:: 




200 

Maiy Strangways^ 2d daughter of t£ie Earl of 
Ilcbester, and has issue. 

Thus we have seen that the Lacock branch oS 
the Talbots descends from the first Sheringtoii 
Talbot, by his 1st wife^ (Eiiz. Leighton.) After 
her death, he married, 2ndly, Mary, daughter of 
John Washbom^ne, of Winchenford, Esq. by 
whom he was father of John Talbot, of Rudge, 
county of Salop, who was father of Will, of 
Stourton Castle, county of Stafford^ who was &- 
ther of the Bishop. 

This Sherington, who died about 1640, was 
as we have already noticed, son and heir of John 
Talbot of Salwarp, which John was younger 
brother by the half-blood of Sir John Talbot of 
Grafton, county of Worcester, ancestor rf 
the Earls of Shrewsbury; and both of them 
sons of Sir John, of Grafton, who had married, 
1 st, the heiress of Troutbeck ; and, 2ndly, the 
daughter of Wrottesley of Wrottesley. Sir John 
Talbot's 2nd wife remarried with Will, 2nd son 
of Sir John Lyttelton, of Frankley, county of 
Worcester. 

The families, therefore, of Earl Talbot, and 
the Talbots of Lacock, descend from one com- 
mon ancestor, viz. the 1st Sherington Talbot of 
Salwarp and Lacock. The Talbots of La- 
cock from his 1st match, (Leighton,) and Earl 
Talbot, from his 2nd, (Washboume,) while the 
Earls of Shrewsbury proceed from Sir John 



SOI 

ilbot of Gmfton, elder brother by the half- 
ood of the pbove Sherington Talbot's father. 
liUs the Earl of Shrewsbury descends from 
stlbot of Grafton, and Earl Talbot, &c. from 
stlbot of Salwarp, two half-brothers, and both 
iscended from the Hon. Sir Gilbert Talbot of 
rafton, 3d son of John, 2d Earl of Shi*ewsbury, 
f his 2d wife Eliz. daughter of James Butler, 
arl of Ormond. 

Compare the foregoing genealogical Notitia 
rith Collins, Peerage^ 5, 399, (where, paragraph 
».for 2d vol. read 3d, p. 1.) See also Topo- 
taphical Description of Tixally •(4to, Paris 
817, for private distribution only, from the 
assic pen of Sir Thomas Clifford, Bart, and A. 
lifFord, Esq. pp. 18. 144. (In pedigree C. at 

144, it would appear that Sir Gilbert was 2d, 
>t 3d son, as lie every where else occurs.) See 
^gd. Bar, 1. 235 ; preface to Bp. Percy's Re- 
^. of Ancient Poetry, and Shaw's Hist Staff. 
268. The 1st Earl of Shrewsbury was Lord 
^entenant of Ireland, 1414, and his brother 
t>p. of Dublin. It was on that Earl's sword 
cit a Latin inscription, not quite Augustan, 
E^ placed : " Sum Talhoti pro occidere inimicos 
^cw " — " I am Talbot's, for to slay his enemies." 
^ Bp. Home's common place book, appended 
^ Jones's life of hinij p. 262. 




202 



7. RICHARD WILLIS, 

SuccBSSiT A. D. 1721— Trans ad Wint. A. D. 1723. 

Obht a. D. 1734. 

Nash, Hist. fVorcest. 2, 279, calls Willis the 
son of a " capper ♦, at Bewdly, county Worcest 
where he was bora in 1663."* But on the author- 
ity of the MSS. of the late Rev. Will. Hayley, a 
laborious antiquary, and also a native of Bewdly, 
we learn that Bp. Willis was the son of a jour- 
neyman tanner. On the authority of the same 
MSS. we are informed, that his namesake, Dr. 
Will. Hayley, Fellow of All-Souls, and after- 
wards Dean of Chichester, was the Bishop's first 
patron. 

His baptism is thus entered in the Ribbesford 
Register — " Richard, son of William and Susan- 
nah Willis, baptized 16th Feb. 16(>3." 

He received the rudiments of his education at 
the free grammar school at Bewdly, (Nashnt 
sup.) whence he was removed to Oxford, where 
he was elected Fellow of All-Souls, (A. Wood, 
Hist, and Antiq. Oxf. edit. Gutch. 274.) of which, 
society he was A. B. and was made A. M. by 
diploma, March 15. 1694. Cat. Oxf. Grad. The 
date of his Doctorate I do not find there. 



• "Hic term * capper' is applied to a maker of woollen caps for seamw, 
a manufactory for this article was formerly carried on at BewtUy. 5e( 
Nash's IVorcetterthire* ai'ticle Rihhtsford. 



203 

Aifter leaving Oxford, he became curate to the 
IV. Mr. Chapman, minister of Cheshunt, one 
the prebendaries of Chichester, and was chosen 
Jturer of St. Clement's, Strand, London, {Nash, 
ore. ut sup.) where, becoming remarkable for 
I extemporaneous preaching, as Nash calls it, 
>.) or, with greater probability, as Richai*dson 
^s, Contin. Godw. Com. deprcesuL 245.) " Con- 
ines memoriter recitando," he was recom- 
tnded to K- Will. III. as a proper person to 
«nd him as chaplain to Holland, which he also 
I. The author of the Hist of Gloucester^ calls 
n. ^ chaplain -general of the army, and sub- 
iceptor to the D. of Gloucester/ 8vo, Cirenn 
rier, 1781. p. 326. 

Feb. 13, 1 695, he was installed a prebendary 

Westminster, {Le Neve, Fasti. 374.) New- 

iirt says, April 13, {Repertoriuniy 1, 922.) and 

the 26th of December 1701, he was promoted 

the deanery of Lincoln. (Willis, Cathedralsy 

82, and Le Neve. Fastiy 146,) with which he 

8o held the prebend of Welton Paynshall, in 

c same church. Willis, Cathedrals, ut sup. 

On the death of Bishop Fowler, Geo. I. raised 

m to the mitre. He was elected Bishop of 

loucester, December 10, 1714, confirmed Jan. 

5, consecrated the 16th, in Lambeth chapel, by 

le Bishops of Sarum, [Gilbert Burnet] Litch- 

gld and Bangor, by commission from the Abp. 

f Canterbury, (Tenison) and installed April 




204 

13. Hist. Gloucester, utsup. Le Neve. Fasti. 10?, 
and Ahps. Cant. pt. 1. p. 261. He had leave to 
hold the deanery in commendam, '^ which,** mfl 
Le Neve, {Fasti 140.) "his Lordship at preseot 
[July 1715] enjoys.** Noble calls him cleric of 
H. M. closet, and a commissioner for buiMio^ 
50 new churches. Cont. Grang. 3, 76. 

In 1717, when Dr. Nicolson* was translated 
from the bishoprick of Carlise to that of Deny ; 
and, in consequence, resigned the office of Lorti 
Almoner, Bishop Willis was appointed Almoner, 
March 18. See Salmon, Chronohg. Historiofij 
378, and Bishop Nicolson*8 Epistol. Cat^egp. edit. 
Nicliols. Lond. 8vo, 1889. vol. 2, 477. Bishop 
Willis, appointed Dr. Lindford his sub-almoner. 
See a letter in Epis, Co)t, ut- sup. from Dr. 
Willis to Archbishop Nicolson. 

At Gloucester Bishop Willis sat 7 years ; and 
on the translation of Bishop Talbot from Sarum 
to Durham, he was, on the 21st Nov. 1721, tran- 
slated to Sarum, {RichardsofCs Qmtinuatian) ; and 
thence, after a government of this diocese fiir 
about 2 years, he was Nov. 21, 1723, promoted to 
Winchester, (ib.) where he piesided 1 1 years, hav- 
ing been a bishop in all 20 years. He died suddenly 
(Noble, Contin. Granger, Biog* Hist Eng. 3, 75.) 



' Wii.. Niroliion, not Nicliolsoii* as hm name Is usually, but incoiTHtlr 
wriru'u * tlie tanious Saxoni:*!, who died Ah|). of Casiiel, Feb. 14 173S-r- 
NicUoboa succeeded Abp. Wake, as aliooneri in 1715. 




206 

It Winchester House, Chelsea, on the morning of 
lugnst 10, 1734, in the 71st year of his age. 

The Historian of Worcestershire ah'eady quo- 
ledy speaks of our Prelate in the following terms : 
*. He deserves to be remembered with gratitude 
>y every Worcestershire man, as during the 
rhole course of his life, he shewed a great af* 
ection for his native county ; and at Winchester 
nrovided for the younger sons 6f several gentle* 
Kien*6 fiuniUes of this county .'' Hist fVorc. 2. 279. 

Of Bp. Willis, very little has been recorded. 
He spoke in the debate on the Coiporation and 
Test Acts. The speech may be seen in a work, 
sntitled ^^ Episcopal Opinions on the Corpora- 
tion and Test Acts, delivered in the House of 
Pteers, in Dec. 1718, (he was then Bp. of 
Grloucester) by the Abps. Wake and Dawes, the 
ftps. Hoadly, Smalridge, Willis, Gibson, Robin- 
KHi^ Atterbury, Kennet, and Gastrell, with 
irg^uments by the D. of Buckingham, the Earls 
y£ Nottingham, Stanhope, Sunderland, Jersey, 
uid Hay; Lords Townshead, North, Grey, 
poningsby,' and Lansdown." 8vo. printed by 
Hessrs. Nichols, in 1790. This was an inipar- 
t^ accouat of the debates on both sides, printed 
5rom the original MSS. of the Reporters ; and 
the speech of Lord Lansdown, in answer to Bp. 
Gribson^ from the handwriting of Bp. Atterbury. 
—The reiBult of this debate was, the repeal of 
the occasional Conformity and Schism Bills ; 




S06 

but the Test and Corporation Acts remained 
unaltered. See Nichols's Liter. Anec. 9. 85. s^4 

When the celebrated, but unfortunate Atter- 
bury, was to be hunted down, it is a remarkable 
fact, that almost all bis £piscopal bretbreo, 
eagerly joined in full cry against him. Nor wu 
Bp. Willis behind. Bp. Newton, iu his iDter- 
esting piece of autobiography, (reprinted* with 
the lives of Pocock, Pearce, and Skelton. Lond. 
1816. 2 vols. 8vo. vol. 2. p. 18 ) observes, that 
" Willis, [then] Bp. of Salisbury made a long 
and labored speech on the other side (viz. against 
Atterbury,) which he published soon after, and 
was rewarded by the bishopnck of Winchester, 
as Hoadly was by succeeding to Sarum.** " Lord 
Bathurst," continues Bishop Newton, " wonder- 
ing at this unanimity [among the prelates,] said, 
he could not possibly account for it, unless some 
persons were possessed with the notion of the 
wild Indians, that when they had killed a man, 
they were not only entitled to his spoils, bot in- 
herited likewise his abilities.'' 

Bishop Willis appeal's to have lefl issue two 
sons. John, the eldest, of Chelsea, married in 
1733, the year before his fathers death, the only 
daughter of Col. Fielding; and William, his 2nd 
son, married Feb. 11, 1744, Miss Read of Bed- 
ford Row, LondoUj with £40,000. See Gent. 
Mag. under the respective years. 

The Bishop is not to be confounded witii 



207 

another Dr. Willis, also dean of Lincoln, who 
had the rectory of St. John, Millbank, West- 
minster, in 1 736. 

" The Bishop*s wife, Isabella,*^ says Noble, Con- 
tinuation of Granger ^ 3, 76. (See also Fanlkner's 
Hist ChelseOj 330.) was buried in the N. vault 
of Chelsea church, Nov. 26, 1727." Noble adds, 
that ^^ the descendants of this Bishop still hold 
the manor of Maiden, under a leaste from Mer- 
ton Coll. granted to him in 1707 after the term 
had expired, when the Goode family were to re- 
sign it, in consequence of a determination in 
favor of the college ; it appearing that Q. Eliz. 
had wrested it, and the presentation, from that 
foundation, contrary to the restraining act." vol. 
3. p. 75. 

The Bishop was buried in the ?. aisle of Win- 
chester Cathedral, a little above Bishop Wyck- 
ham. (Noble, ut sup.) Bishop Milnarin his Hist 
ff" inchest. 1, 445, calls the statue of Willis the 
most finished which the cathedral there contains. 
The principal design of the monument is a sar- 
cophagus, upon which a figure of the natural 
size, representing the Bishop in pontificalibus^ 
with tlie George hanging from his breast, as pre- 
late of the order, reclines, supporting himself by 
the left arm upon a pile of books, and having the 
right hand extended towards heaven. The side 
columns supporting the pediment under which 
the figure is placed, are of a beautiful veined 




marble^ and the architecture of the whole^ pte- 
sents a finished specimen of the Composite. 

The inscription, which is also recorded in 
HalFs Mstor. Ace. of Winth. 97, and in the 
Hist, and Antiq. Glost. 8vo, 1781, 326, is as fot 
lows: 

** In memoriam 

Reverendi adpoodara in Christo Patris 

RICARDI WILLIS, 

Episcopi Wintoniensis, 

Viri 

ea monim simplicitate 

£a animi intcgritate, et verboram fide 

Ut qui ilium optime noveriut 

li maxime estixnaverint, 

Propensissime dilexerint. , 

Patriam, Pnncipem et Libertatem pndicam 

Unice amavit : 

Religionem interea vere Christique 

Sanctissime coluit 

Acerrime vindicavit. 

Nulla temporum yarietate 

Debilitari, aut frangi potuit. 

In republican in ecclesia 

Fidelis, constans et sui similis 

Egregiis hisce virtutibus instructus 

lu mediis quos abunde meruit honoribus 

Felicissime censenuit 

Douce annorum plenus 

Obiit 10 die Augusti, anno •} jp. ,' '-/ 

Johannes Willis, arroiger 

Filius ejus et baeres 

Pie memor 

Posuit.** 



The Bp. had at least 5 sisters, one of whom 
married a Jones, and another Richard Hincks- 
man. Bailiff of Bewdley, 1728. There are no 
monumental inscriptions for the family at Rib- 
besford. It is to be recorded of this Prelate, 



209 

that he stands first in the list of those who 
have preached before the Society for promoting 
Christian Knowledge, of which he was one of 
the earliest members. While Dean of Lincoln, 
he was an occasional attendant at the Board, 
and was rjequested to preach in St. Andrew's 
Church, Holbom, at the first general meeting 
of the Charity Schools, instituted at the sug- 
gestion of the Society. 

1 know of no publication by Bp. Willis. 

Portraits. — ^There is a Portrait of him at 
Sarum Palace. Noble mentions the following 
engraving of him, while "Bp. Wint. his own 
hair, sitting in a carved chair, mez. M. Dahl. p. 
Simon sc. Bromley notices the same. Per 8. 
cl. 4. p 273. 

jirms. fFiltis of Feiv-Dilton, Camb. and 
Horingsley and Bales, Herts, Per fesse A. & Ar. 
3. lions mmp. counterch. within a bord. £rm. 
fVillis, of London. O. on a chev. betw. 3 
mullets of 6 points A. a cross formee of the field 
— Willis, of Warlis, Essex, G. 3 lions ramp, 
within a bord. Erm. — JEdmondstone. 




210 



8. BENJAMIN HOADLY. 

SuccKSSiT. A. D. 1723. — Trans, ad Winton. A.D. 1734. 

ObiitA.D. 1761. 



JBefore entering on the life of this anti-prelatical 
Prelate, it will be necessary to remind the reader, 
that the dangerous and unscriptural, though 
popular and imposing doctrines broached hy turn, 
have been most ably and convincingly refuted 
by the very learned William Law, in his Tkm 
Letters, in the Bangoriain Controversy. llieBe 
letters have been reprinted in the Scholar Armdi 
vol. 1. p^ 280—492. (The 'Scholar Armei is 
the running title : the full title is, ^ The Scbdtf 
armed against the errors of the times : or, a 
Collection of Tracts, on the Principles and Doc- 
trines of Christianity. The Constitution of the 
Church, and the authority of Civil Government* 
8 vols. 8vo.-^a work that should he read 
by every friend to the Constitution^ in Church 
and State. It is decidedly friendly to the good 
'old paths J and is a sovereign antidote to the 
poison of Innovation, and of those latitndinarian 
principles, miscalled liberality, whose career 
threatens a second subversion of the altar and the 
throne of these i-ealms.) 

Hoadly, though a Bp. of the Church of Eoj- 
land, however inci*edible it may appear, was in the 



811 

illest sense of the word — a Dissenter. The 
lanifest tendency — the confessed object of his 
nitings, is to demolish all institutions of apos* 
olic origin^ as inimical to ^ Civil and Religions 
jiberty.* In the pride of human, nature he post- 
K>nes the tenor of Scripture, to the exercise of 
private judgement.* He lays the axe to the 
oot of episcopacy — apostolic succession — dmrch- 
sammunion^ and christiim unity : and substi- 
utes, as all in all^ sincerity ; so that if a man be 
wt a hypocrite^ it matters not what religion he 
s of ! In the plenitude of his ^ liberality,* he 
0mtes the Church down to Dissenters instead 
>f writing them up to it. With him, departure 
from the sinless communion of a Church, whose 
[priesthood deduces its authority and commission^ 
from the very fountain head of sacerdotal power is 
^ no sin — ^with him to ** divide the body of 
Christ,** is not only venial, but if done with sin- 
serity, both commendable and acceptable. — ^Thus 
those who sincerely hated and persecuted, are 
pn a par with those who mtcerely loved and 
obeyed the Founder of Christianity. The well 
f€gulated mind revolts with disgust from such 
liberalityi and latitudinarianism. Such, however, 
was the road to preferment at the juncture at 
which Hoadly lived, and while treading under 
foot the usages and doctrinea of the Apostles, 
be was content to recdve the emoluments, and 
^oy th? dignities of that Church, whose con^ 

o2 



212 

stitutioD he despised^ and whose authority b^ 
degraded and vilified. 

In the following memoir, composed by the 
Bp's. son, the Rev. Dr. John Hoadiy^ for the 
Biographia Brilannicay from which work it is 
faithfully reprinted (see old edition, fol. vol. 7. 
p. 98.) the reader will bear in mind, that I 
pledge myself to none of the commendator? 
phrases which filial paii;iality led the writer to 
adopt in i*egard to principles and doctrines which 
must be considered as an insult to eveiy sober 
minded Churchman. 

* HOADLY [Benjamin,} was successively 
^ Bp. of Bangor, Hereford, Salisbury, and Wiir- 
^ Chester. The life of this " pious and judicimts 
^ Divine'' was consistently spent in a perpetual 

exertion of the noblest faculties to the noblest 
^ end, the vindication of the i-eligious and ci?3 
^ liberties of mankind in general, and of his 
^ country in paiticular. And at his death he left 
^ a monumental inscription written byhiaiself^ 
^ lest his zealous friends should erect any memonad 
^ of him inconsistent with the peculiar modesty 
' of his life. He was the second son of the Re?. 
* Samuel Hoadly* born at Westram in Kent, 

' * Samuel Hoadly, was the eldest of twelve children of 
^ the Rev. Juhn Hoadly^ chaplain to the garrison of Edia- 

* burgh Castle^ by Mrs. Sarah Bushnell, whom he met with 
' in the same ship, when thje troubles of his country forced 

* biB family to New England. He was born at Guilford ii 



213 

^ f Westerham near Seven Oaks] November 14, 
^ 1676, and educated under his father's care, till 

' New England, Sep. 29, 1 643 ; came thence to Edinborgli 
' April 14, 1655, where he had his school education ; and Sep. 
' 29, 1659, went to King Jc^ines*s college there. He left 
^Scothnd July 22, 1662, with the family, who settled at 
' RoWenden in Kent ^ whence, Jaonary 2, 1662-3, he went to 
' Cnuiebrook, to teach the fjree-school there, being little more 
^ than 19 years of age. He married, June 19, 166,6> Mra, 
'•Mary Wood, who died Nov. 25, 1 6C8, * in childbed of her 
' second daughter, still-born. September 29, 1669, be mar ; 
' ried Martha, daughter of the Rev. B. Pickering, an eminent 
' man at that time, and had been one of the assembly of di-*, 
' vines, by whom be had nine children, of which the Bishop 
' was the sixth. He first set up his private school in 1671a 
' at Westerham in the same county, nea;' which, at Halstead„ 

* his brother Mr. John Jloadly, >v^8 rectpr.* He moved 

* again, 1 678, to Tottenl^am Higb-Crosjj, jn Middlesex, and 
' thence, in May 1686, to B/ook Honse in Hackney. Fro;a 
' bence, in Aprils 1700, he was called to preside in the public 
'- school at No|*wich^ where his younger son John was several 
' yea^rs his assistant, having been chosen under-master Sep* 
' 28, of the same year. He was verv careful in the education 
^ of his sons ', 1. Samuel, born July 3, 1675, a mpst prom- 
^ ising youth, who died in University College, Oxford, under 

* 17 years of age, having been scholar there near two 
' years, and was buried in St. Mary's church, nnder a stone 

* engraven to his memory. His father lamented his loss ii^ 

* very moving terms to his friend GrsBvius, who at the same 
/ time laboured under the );ke calamity. 2. Benjamin. 3, 



• He appears to have been Matter of ihe Grammar School of Westcrr 
imn. 8ee the Life of Dr. Thorpe» l^it, Artec, vol, iii. p. 509. Bishop 
> JiaoDinghatn of Chichester, succeeded Mr. Ireland, whose daughter he 
narried, and who had himself succeeded Bishop Hoadly^s father. 



214 

be was admitted of Catherine-Hall^ Cambridge, 
under Mr. Leng; (afterwards of Norwicb) whert 

John. He published wbile at Hackney The natural metM 
of teaching, &c. which is esteemed the best book of the land, 
and hath borne eleven editions : and a school editioa of 
Ph^pdrui, with short notes. He had also made consideiabk 
progress in an exact Latin dictionary ; in a prosody, and 
other parts of his scheme of 7%e natural method, of wUcb 
what he published was bnt one of four or five designed for 
the English^ Latin^ and Greek Languages. It is remarhibk 
that this excellent school master and critical scholar died 
April 17, 1705, without ever having had any preferment ia 
the church. His Lordship*s mother died January 13, 1702^1 
and they both Ke buried (together with Benjamin HawUns, 
a grandchild by their daughter Frances) in St. Luke's diapd, 
within the cathedral at Norwich. His youngest son J<^, 
born at Tottenham, High-Cross, Middlesex, September 28, 
1678, was Chaplain to Bishop Burnet, and by him nade 
Chancellor, and Canon Residentiary, of the Church of Salis- 
bury, Archdeacon of Sarum, and Rector of St. Edmund's ib 
that city. In 1717 he was presented by Sir Peter KiAgi 
then Lord Chief Justice, to the rectory of Ockham in SQn7 ; 
and afterwards made Canon of the church of Hereford, by 
his brother, when Bishop of that see. These prefernents 
he enjoyed till he was nominated in 1727 to the united sees 
of Leighlin and Femes in Ireland -, but the first King George 
dying before the instruments had passed the offices, new 
ones were graciously expedited by his late Majesty immedi- 
ately on his accession. On January 17, 1729-30, he sae- 
ceeded Dr. William King in the Archbishopric of Dubiifi ; 
and on Primate Boulter*s decease, in October 1742, tk 
late Duke of Devonshire's father, then Lord Lieutenaat, 
had made all solicitations needless within an hour after tk 
newt arrived. His expression to the King was. That kt 



915 

' as soon as he comineDced M. A. he became tti- 
^ tor, and discharged that office two years with 
' the highest reputation.f He took orders under 

* could not do without him ; and he was accordingly appointed 

* Archbishop of Armagh, Primate and Metropolitan^ &c. He 
' nianied Mrs. Anne Warre> and left one daughter, Sarah, still 
' [1 7663 living, married in his ^fe time, to Bellingham Boyle, 
' Esq. of Rathfarnham near Dublin, nearly related to the late 
' Speaker of the House of Commons. He died July 19, 1746, 
' aged 68, of a fever, caught by too assiduously attending on 
' his workmen, and by his own desire was buried at Tallaght, 

* in the same vault with his lady and her mother ; where he 

* bad erected a noble monument to himself, the most elegant 
' as well as convenient episcopal palace in that kingdom, 

* from the ruins of an immense castle of that name ; but he 
' raised a nobler in the hearts of the Irish, by indefatigably 
' promoting the improvement of agriculture by his skill, hia 

* purse, and his example. He published, 1 . A defence o/Bp, 
' JBumet on the Articles, in answer to Dr, Binhs^t prefatory 

* discourse, kc. 4to. 2. Another, Thoughts on Bp> Bever- 

* idges writings, or some similar title, relating to the same 
' subject, in a humourous way, in Syo. 3. A sermon on the 

* pub&c fast, 1704. 4. An assize sermon at Sarum, 

* 1706-7. 5. A sermon before the House of Commons, Jan. 
' 30, 1707-8. [Vide Plura in Stuait's Hist. Armagh.} 

' ' t For his B. A. degree, he was indulged with no less than 

* seven terms, ob gravissimam poietudinem ; and so early had 
'other reputable marks of distinction conferred upon him. 
' While under-graduate he had the small*pox in a deplorable 

* manner, and now laboured under a bad strain, which, ill 

* managed by an unskilful surgeon, would have cost him his 

* 1^> had not Serjeant Barnard undertaken to save it, con- 
** trary to the opinion of several eminent surgeons at the con- 

* sultation. He was a cripple all his life, using a case when he 



216 

Dr. H. Compton Bp. of London ; and the next 
year quitting his fellowship (vacated, as is most 
probable, by bis marriage) was ap|)ointed to the 
lectureship of St. Mildi-ed in the Poultry, in 
which he continued ten years ; officiating at the 
same time for the Ilev«Mr. Hodges, rector of 
St. Swithin s, duiing his absence at sea as cbap- 
lain-general of the fleet 1702. Two years after 
he obtained the rectory of St. Peter's Poor, in 
Broad-Street, London, in^ a great measure by 
the recommendation of the Rev. Dr. William 
Sherlock,* Dean of St. Paul's, to that chapter, 
of whom he always spoke as uniformly kind to 
him. His writings, published during the coarse 
of these last years, tending to the advancement 
of natural and revealed religion,, arid to the 
justification of the noblest principles of civil li- 
berty, produced ip the year 1709, a vote of the 

appeared in pablic, and crutches at home, and always 
preaching in a kneeling posture on a stool. He was mocbu 
invalid all the former part of his life, and thought to be sink- 
ing into a consumptive habit till between thirty and forty, 
when his circumstances enabled him to take the air daily in 
a chariot (which he pursued with an extreme exactness till 
a very few days before his death) he grew rather corpa- 
lent, and enjoyed a general good state of health. 
' * llie Rev. Dr. fFiil'tam SheriocL -^The Dean had tk 
generosity not to take the merit of it to himself, but intina- 
ted to Mr. Hoadly that Dr Fleetwood's good opinion had 
been of great service to him. And to this it is supposed 
Mr. Hoadly refers. See the catalogue of his works. No. I 



L 



217 

' House of Commons* in his favour too honoiir^ 
^ able to be omitted. On February 13^ 1710, he 
* was pi'esented by Mrs. Howlandf tp the rectory 

' * Resolved, 1, that the Rev. Mr. Benjamin Hoadly, Rec- 
' tor of St. Peter's Poor, London, for having often justified the 
' principles on which her Majesty and the nation proceeded 
' in the late happy Revolution, hath justly merited the favor 
' and recommendation of this house. 2. That an humble ad- 
^ dress be presented to her Majesty, that she would be gra- 
' cioQsly pleased to bestow some dignity in the church on 
' Mr. Hoadly» for his eminent services both to the church 
' and state. The Queen answered, that she would take a 
' proper opportun ity to comply with their desires ; which 
' however she never did. The member who made the motion 
' was Anthony Henley, Esq. father of the present [1766] lord 
^ chancellor, who though scarce known to Mr. Hoadly, did it, 
' DO doubt, with the most kind intention towards him, and the 

* best inclination to the cause of liberty which he defended ^ 
' but without Mr. Hoad]y*s knowledge, or any previous 
' consultation with him or his friends. On many accounts it 

* gave him great uneasiness. 

'' t I canbot but think it due (says his lordship) in point 
'' of gratitude to her memory, publicly to acknowledge this 
'' singular obligation to her, that in the year 1710, when/iiry 
" seemed to be let loose, and to distinguish me particularly, 
" she herself, unasked, unapplied to, without my having ever 
** seen her, or been seen by her, chose, by presenting me to 
^' the Rectory of Streatham, then just vacant, to shew, in her 
'' own expression, that she was neither ashamed nor afraid to 
*' give me that public mark of her regard at that critical 
'* time J' To her he afterwards inscribed his volume of ser- 
' mons on The tertns of acceptance : and on May 1, 1719, 
' preached her funeral sermon in Streatham Church. This 
* excellent lady was relict of a very eminent and opulent me/ 




218 

< of Streatham in Surry^ as a qnalificatioii for 

* which, he was honoured with a chaplainsUp to 
^ his grace Wriothesley Duke of Bedford. On 
^ Feb. 16, 1715-16, he was admitted and sworn 
' King's Chaplain, having before been honoured 
^ with the degree of D. D. by Abp. Wake.* He 
^ was appointed to the bishopric of Bangor on St 
^ Thomas's day, 1715, and consecrated the 18th 
^ of March following ; with which he held both 

* his livings in commendam. It was a very shh 
' gular circumstance (not to his dishonour) that 
^ when he went to court to kiss hands on the 
' occasion, he did not know the way up stairs ; 
^ and when there, sat in an outer room> till he 
' was shewn into the presence. On his Lordship's 

* publishing in 1716 his Preservative against the 

* Principles and Practices of the Non-Jurors both 

* in Church and State; and March 31, 1 71 7, 
^ preaching his famous sermon on the Nature oj 
' the Kingdom or Church of Christ, before the 

* King (which was immediately printed by special 

* chant of London, and grandmother of the last and present 
' [1766] dukes of Bedford, tbe Duchess dowager of Brid^- 
' water, and the dowager Countess of Essex. 

' * As appears by the warrant of the Duke of Bolton, tbei 
' Lord Chamberlain, wherein he is termed D. D. and from 
' the 4th edit, of his sermon on the deluMtoM of many protett' 

* antt, preached at St. Peter's Poor, published (as the priot- 
' er^ affect) in 1716^ where he is called Benjamiii Hoadly DJ). 

* Rector of the said church. 



imand) so great offence was taken by the 
gy at the doctrines therein delivered, that it 
; resolved to proceed agcunst him in Convo- . 
on as soon as it should sit. And here began 
famous controversy which bears his name. 
J lower house accordingly drew up their re- 
mentation, &c. but before it could be brought 
I the upper houses that whole assembly was 
rogued by a special order from the King ;♦ 
was it permitted to sit, or do any business, 

I had no other thought, desire, or resolution, (says his 
ship) but to answer in my place before the same house 
hich this accusation was designed to be brought 3 but 
Eis thought proper (out of a sincere regard^ as I verily 
ve^ to the interest of our constitution in church and 
) to put a stop to the sitting of the Convocation ; 
h (because it has been unkindly and ^industriously rep 
3nted as the effect of iny solicitation^ and an argument 
y fear, and what I fled to for refuge, I am obliged to 
ire before the whole world) was done not only without 
eeking^ but without so much as ray knowledge, or even 
icion of any such design, till it was actually resolved 
ordered. — Of this — this defence (which I promise pub- 
at soon as possible) is, I hope, an unanswerable argu- 
;nt.* He adds, ' The prorogation of the Convocation 
I not to hinder any light from appearing, but the con- 
For the debate is by this means taken from the bar 
\man authority, and brought to that of reason and scrip* 
; removed from a trial by majority of voices (which can- 
be a trial to be contended for either by truth or by the 
:h of England) and brought to that of argument 4>nly. 
certainly no Christian or Protestant can justly and con- 
ntly find fault with this.' 




220 

« 

^ till the resentment entirely subsided. In 1720 

* he resigned the rectory of St. Peter's Poor; md 

* in 1721 was translated into the see of Here> 
< ford. During his short continuance in this 

* bishopric^ happened the trial of the Bp. of Ro- 

* Chester (Atterbury), 1723, in whose sentence he 
^ most conscientiously concurred, for reasons best 
' seen in the Remarks on that event, which are 

* universally ascribed to him. Upon his transla- 

* tion to the see of Salisbury, he resigned the rec- 
' tory of Streatham, his most beloved retirement 

* Eleven years after, he was advanced, on the 
' death of Bp. Willis (whom be had also succeed- 

* ed at Salisbury) to the bishopric of Winchester, 

* which he held near 27 years ; till on April 17, 
'1761, at his palace at Chelsea, in the same calm 
' he had enjoyed admist all the storms that blew 
' around him, he died full of years and honours, 

* beloved and revered by all good men.* His 

* ' On the Digbt before he was carried op to bed^ as usual, 
' in perfect health -, and in the middle of the night was seized 
' with fi vomiting, &c. the violence of which was pat a stop 
' to in about an hour ; after which he lay quiet till about eigbt 
' o*clock the next evenings when his lady, who watched tbe 
, whole time with the utmost attention, by his bedside, fooBd 
' him dead, not knowing the moment of his departure. Tiro 
' winters before he had a severe attack of St. Anthonvs fire, 
* which his great natural strength discharged ; and it w«s ia- 
' agined that another of the sanae kind, which nature ex* 
' hausted by age could not throw out^ was the immediite 
' cause of his death. 



daelul labours in the cause of religious and dvil 
Uberty will be gratefully remembered as long 
as Great Britain shall be a nation. He was 
uncommonly fortunate in domestic life, having 
been married to two excellent women, in whom 
be was completely happy : 1. Mrs.Sarab Curtis,* 
i>n May 30, 1701. 2. On July 23, 1745, Mar\% 
daughter and coheiress of Dr. John Newey, 
Dean of Chichester. By his fii'st Lady he had 
three sons Samuel, Benjamin, and John.f Only 



^ Born 1676, about six montlis before his lordships was 
jxceilent iu tlie art of painting, as he was^ in Lis younger 
lays, in that of music. She was a scholar of Mrs. Beale 
ind her son Charles, who were bred under Sir Peter Leiv. 
dany of her portraits would do honour to a professor of 
he art -, particularly a pair of small whole lengths^ of Mr. 
ioadly just after, and of his brother just before, they were 
n orders ; and another of Bishop Burnet in the family of 
■ ■ ■ Michelj Esq. who married one of his daughters^ 
rom which Mr. Vertue made an excellent engraving. 
+ ' Benjamin was born Feb. 10, 1705-6, educated (as was 
us younger brother) at Dr. Newcomc*s at Hackney, and 
)enet College, Cambridge 3 the former being admitted Pen- 
Joner April 8th, 1722, under the worthy Abp. Herring, 
ben tutor there \ and the latter, eight years after^ Fellow- 
[Commoner under the Rev. Mr. Edv; ard Beacon, now Rector 
^f Caibourne, iu the Isle of Wight. Here he took a degree 
n physic, and particularly applying to mathematical and 
>hilosophical studies^ was well known (along with the 
earned and ingenious Drs. David Heartley and Davies, both 
ate of Bath, who with him composed the whole class) to 
nake a greater progress under the blind professor Sauu- 




222 

' the latter survived him, who nevar diaobq^ 
^ him till after his death, when he erected but a 

derson^ than any young gentleman then in the UniTenity^ 
When his late Majesty was at Cambridge, lie Una upon fiie 
list of gentlemen to be created Doctors of Phydc; hat, 
either by chance or management, his name was not food 
in the last list ; and he had not hia degree of M. D. til 
about a month after by a particular mandamus. Throngl 
this transaction it appeared that Dr. Snape had not 
forgotten or forgiven the name of Hoadly; for he not 
only behaved to him with great ill manners, bat obstiscted 
him in it as much as lay in his power. He ivas F. R. S. mrj 
young, and had the honour of being known to the learned 
world as a philosopher, by a letter from the Rev. Semuel 
Clarke to Mr, Benjamin Hoadly, F.R,8. occmsloned ijr tU 
present controversy among mathematicians conoeming the 
proportion of velocity and force in bodies in motkn. He 
was made Registrary of Hereford, while his father fiDed 
that see, and was early appointed physician to bis Maje«ty*i 
household, in which post he behaved with singular ksmmr. 
He married, 1st, Elizabeth daughter of Henry Betts, Esq. 
of Suffolk, counsellor at law, by whom he had one soo, 
Benjamin, that died an infant. 2. Anne, daughter and co- 
heiress of the honourable General Armstrong, by whom he 
left no issue. He died in the life-time of ^his father, Ang. 
10, 1757, at his house at Chelsea, now Sir Richard GlpSi 
which he built ten years before. He published, 1. 7V«e 
letters on the organs of respiration, read at the Royal CW- 
lege of Physicians, London, A, D, 1 737, being the C«/- 
stonian lectures for that year. To which is added *an Ap- 
pendix, containing Remarks on some Experiments sf Dr. 
Houston, published in the Transactions of the Royal Sod^ 
for the year 1736, by Benjamin Hoadly, M, D, F^ist 
of the College of Physicians, and of the Royai Sockti 
London, 1 740. 4to, 2, Oratfo anniversaria in theatrs CW. 



223 

' decent monument to his memory, near the place 
^ of his interment in his cathedral of Winchester. 

* Mt^cor. Londmie$uum exHervtu insiituto hM$a, die 1 80 Oci, 

* 1742, a Benj. Haadly, M. D. Coil. Mat. et S. R. 8. 1742. 
^ esteemed a very elegant piece of Latin. 3. ne Suspicious 
' Huaband, a comedy^ &c. by Dr. Hoadly> London 1 747, with 
^ a most handsome dedication to his Royal Master. This is 
"* as tme a picture of the genteelest manners of the times as 
^ ever was drawn for the stage^ and which will keep posses- 
.' sion of it^ even after his dear friend (the original Ranger) 
' shall have left it. 4. Observations on a series of eieciricai 
' ejeperiments. By Dr. Hoadly^ and Mr. \^^on^ F. R. S. 
'4to, 1756.* 

'John, still living, [1766 J was bom Oct. 8> 171 1> O. S. 
'took a d^ee in law in 1735; and in 1747 was ho- 
/ noored with that of L. L. D. (the first diegree conferred) ,bj 
'the excellent Archbishop Herring. He married Eliza- 
' beth daughter of James Ashe^ Esq. of Salisbury^ by whom 
' be hath no issue. He was appointed Chancellor of th^ 
' diocese of Winchester^ November 29> 1 735^ and was or« 
' dained that year by his father. He was honoured {and 
' particularly by the genteel manner of it) by the late Prince 
' of Wales, being immediately appointed his chaplain % 
f and by the Princess Dowager of Wales in like manner^ 
^ Blay 6, 1751. He was collated to the Rectory of Alresford 
^ Nov. 29, 1737 ; and to that of Overton (void by the death 
.' of Bishop Clagget) Dec. 16, 1746, (sine cure) > and instil 
' isHed to the Rectory of St. Mary*s, near Southampton, June 
' 9, 1743, on the presentation of Martin Folkes, &c. execn- 

* .tors of the will of Abp. Wake \ his nephew, the present 

* Pr. Wake (in whose favour this option was bequeathed) 
' BOt then being capable of orders. He was appointed to the 
' inaatership of St. Cross (sine cure) in May 1760 ; which 

.'. prefennents (all in the county of Hants) he now [1766] en- 



224 

He wa6 so happy as to live long enongh to reap 
the full (earthly) reward of his labours : to see 
his chiistian and moderate opinions pravail 
over the kingdom^ in church and state ; to see 
the non-eonfonirists at a very low ebb, for waat 
of the opposition and persecution they were too 
much used to experience from both, many of 
their ministers desiring to receive their re-ordi- 
nation from his own hands, and many of tbeir 
congi'egations not able to support any minister 
amongst them, or else receiving contributions 
fromtheirbrethren of London to that end ; to see 
tiie general temper of the clergy entirely changd, 
the bishops preferring few or none of the intol- 
erant principles, and the clergy claiming no in- 
herent authority y but what is the natural result 
of their own good behavior as individuals, io 
the discharge of their duty ; to see the absurd 
tenet of indefeasible hereditary right, and of its 
genuine offspring an unlimited non-resistaoce 
(demonstrated by him to be founded neither in 
scripture nor reason) absolutely exploded ; and 
the Protestant succession in the present royal 
family as firmly fixed in the hearts and pereua- 
sions of the people, as in the laws of God and 

joys. On this occasion Mr. Hoadly immediately resigned the 
sinecure of Wroughton, Wilts, in favour of the Ref. Mr. 
Conant, a relation of Abp. Wake ; and Bp. Hoadly fooo 
after collated Mr. Wake to the Rectory of Knoyle^ in tbe 
«affle county both in his patronafl^ as Bishop of Wincbei ter. 



225 

le land. All personal prejudice (and there 
arce ever was a man that had experienced 
lore) he had entii*ely outlived ; wherever he 
as known, it was changed to its opposite ; and 
herever but seen, it vanished. 



AttDITAHSirTA. 



The following additions to Hoadly's life of Bp. 
ladly, may not be unacceptable. 
[n private life, the Bishop's character was tru- 
exemplary and pi*ais&-worthy. * O si sic 
nia r An anecdote which confirms this asser- 
1, must not be omitted. Richards, the his- 
ian of Lynn, (vol. ii p. 1027, note) relates 
t there was a Dr. Tliackeray who kept a 
ool at Harrow, and had but one living, and 
eral children whom the Bp. had never seen, 
; having heard many favourable accounts of 
1, resolved to serve him in some way or other 
le could, but said nothing to any body, 
len the happy opportunity was arrived, 
sent for him one day, and when Dr. T, 
ne into the room, the Bp. gave him a parch- 
nt, and told him he had long heard of his 
kI character, and long been afraid he should 
er be able to give him any serviceable proof 




226 

of the good opinion he had long conodved 0/ 
him : that what he had put into his hands was 
the Archdeaconry of Surry, which he hoped 
would be acceptable to him^ as he might perform 
the duty of it yearly, at the time of his leisure in 
the Easter holidays. Dr. Thackeray, was so 
surprised and overcome, with this extraoixiiiiaiy 
manner of doing him a favour, that he was very 
near fainting, as he was giving him institution. 
The rival divines, Bps. Hoadly and Sherlock, 
were both exact contemporaries at Catherine 
Hall, Cambridge, and it should seem the seeds 
of rivalry were there sown. One day as tbey 
came away fyom lecture in Ciceras offices, 
Hoadly said " Well, Sherlock, you figured away 
finely to-day, by help of Cockman*s translation." 
" No, really," says Sherlock, " I did not, for I 
tried all I could, to get one, and could hear only 
of one copy, and that ^ou had secured^ Liter. 
Anec. \Sth Cent. vol. 3. p. 240. 

When Mr. Jones, of Welwyn, mentioned to 
Hoadly, that Loi-d Lyttelton had referred him 
for the solution of some scruples respecting Coa- 
formity, to Seeker, Bp. of Oxford^ Hoadly re- 
plied, " I somewhat wonder at this proposal 
My Lord of Oxford's lips are glued.** In return, 
Abp. Seeker, one day at his table, when the 
Montlily Reviewers were said, by one of the com- 
pany, to be Christians, replied, " if they were, it 
was secundum usum fVintonr (Lit. Anec. 3, 748, 
from Duncombe's life and errors.) 



227 

BUbop Hoadlyt with all his ardoi* for civil aad 
religiops liberty, was a jg^*eat persecutor of his 
^nscopal brothei* Atterbury. He wa$ no speaker 
in the housei hut be took another pourse. ^' He 
had all ak)ng,'* says Bp. Newton, in his life of 
bimself,* ^^ pursued Atterbuiy with unrelenting 
^imosity ; had first attacked his sermon, at the 
funeral of Mr. Bennet ; then his sermon ijipon 
charity ; afterwards set forth an answer, in £ng* 
lisb^ to bis Latin sermon before the clergy ; and 
still continued the pursuit, and stuck in bis 
skirts to the lajst, by writing in a weekly journal 
a refiitation of his speech, and a vlndicfition of 
tlie judgment passed upon him : so that a gen- 
tleman of wit and learning, alluding to Bp.Hoad*- 
ly's lameness, applied tliat saying in Hwajce, 

Rare antecedeDtem scelestum 
D^&eruit pede p«eaa eiaudo. 

On Dr. Friend's wishing to resign the living of 
Witney, to his son, afterwards Dean of Canter- 
buiy, which he could not do without the consent 
of Bp. Hoadiy, he applied to him through Lady 
Somdon, better known as Mrs. Clayton, the 
bed-chamber woman, and intimate of Queen 
Caroline, and received this laconic reply ; '^ If 
Dr. Friend can ask it, I can grant it. ''Several of 
Bp. Hoadly^6 letters to Mra Clayton, who for a 



* See LWes of Pocock. Pearce. Newton, and Skelton^ 8vo. Load. 1816, 

p 2 



228 

• • • • 

long time was sole, arbitress of Charch prefer- 
meDt^ are presei'ved ia his works. la one of 
them, which we give as a specimen of his Epis- 
tolary style, he says, *^ I do not follow great pr&- 
cedents, and write on the outside or in the fix)nfr- 
To the much esteemed — ^To the much respected 
— To the highly honored Mrs. Clayton ; but it is 
written within in lasting characters. Your 
own virtues have written it. Your other ac- 
complishments are great and uncommon ; but 
it is your sincerity and goodness which make 
the deepest impression^ which manage the others, 
and give them their agreeableness.** On the 
business of the living of Witney, he says — " I 
had no design in my neglect of avoiding to gire 
all the assurances that you yourself had de^ 
desired about Mr. Friend. If you and I coo- 
tinue on this dirty planet, you yourself shall be 
Satisfiied of the truth of what I have said to you, 
and I say this, the rather because if you are not 
satisfied in what I do, I am very sure I shall net 
be so myself, and you have done more in two or 
three words, when you tell me you shall esteem 
it as done to yourself, to move and engage me, 
(if I had not been already engaged to it) than all 
the oratory of all others could have done. And 
if that case should happen, which yoa once pot, 
but which my heart will not suffer me to repeat, 
friendship and honor shall most certsdnly act a 
part whidi^ if your spiiit could then look out 



299 

and see it, would say ** this is exactly as it would 
have been, had I been still there." Lit. Anec. 5, 87. 

Dean Swift takes frequent occasion to mention 
Bishop Hoadly, and, in general, speaks of 
him slightingly. In the journal to Stella, 
Sep. 13, 1710, he writes "I called at Bull's on 
Ludgate-hill ; he forced me to his house at Hamp- 
stead to dinner, ;among a great deal of ill com- 
pany ; among the rest, Mr. Hoadly the whig- 
clergyman, so famous for acting the contrary 
part to Sacheverell. In a letter from Mr. Ford, 
Dec. 23, 1732, he says, " there is no danger of 
repealing the Test. Tbe Couil has taken the 
aisual method of gaining the fanatic leadei*s i^uch 
against the grain of the body. It is said the Bp. 
ofSarum is the chief encourager of them ; that 
the Queen spoke to him, and that he answered, 
^* he can be besmeared, although they would not 
suflFer him to go the dirty rostd to Durham.** 
That was the excuse they made him upon the 
last vacancy of that see- \Lit. Anec. vol. 3, 140] 

Bishop Home relates the following anecdote 
jof Hoadly.—* There was a very scarce book, 
.supposed to be written with force, against inira- 
cles. Middleton had long searched for it in 
vain. Hoadly was in possession of £^ CQpy, and 
furnished him with it. " You ar^ a wicked man, 
(said he) and will make a bad use of it. Perhaps, 
I ought not to give it you. But— there — take 
.It, and do your worst." This anecdote is in the 




230 

Bodleian library^ as I have been informed by a 
friend'** 

The MSS. of Mn Jones of Welwyn have forni. 
shed us with the following particulars of the Bp. 

''His Father, who was a sensible, religiom, 
and worthy man and instructed him and his bio^ 
ther John in school learning, his parts, and the 
parts also of his brother, though not equal to big, 
said occasionly being in company with some of 
his friends '^ My Aon, John will probably one day 
be a Bp. and Benjamin an Abp. — What he saii^ 
though no Prophet, proved in general true ; only 
with this difference that his elder son was made 
a Bp. and his younger an Abp.** Mr. Jones, of 
Welwyn MSS. in 1761, in Lit. Anec. 3. 747. 

^* In a conversation which I had the honor of 
having with the Bp. W. many years ago in Lon- 
don, he told me that he thought our litur^cal 
forms ought to be revised & amended only for our 
own sakes, though there were no dissentera in tbe 
land. He added that the strict measures taken 
at the last review were not approved by the fa- 
mous Dr. Whichcott, but were thought by him 
to be much too severe, and the effects only of a 
strong party prejudice. ^ I plainly see said tbe 
Dr. what they would be at, but I shall disappoint 
them. I can myself with a good conscience 

conform, though others cannot, whom I greatly 

—^ — ^ - - - ■ - 

* JoUe8*8 Lile of Bp. Home. CommoD-pUce-book in the Appendix, ^3tt. 



2»l 

pity heartily wishing them more liberty hs really 
due to them by the laws of nature and those of 
the Gospel. I speaking for myself only, consider 
these things upon a much larger bottom. I see 
that I can still promote the Christian Religion 
in general, though cramp'd in some points, which 
I judge not to be very essential to it. This is the 
rule by which I conduct myself in such matters. 
At another interwiew with the Bp. when I had 
^me scniples relating to certain paiticulars en- 
joined by law, he told me that for his own part 
he had constantly, while a Parish Minister, ob- 
sierved the rules prescribed, and amongst other 
injunctions that he had never omitted the Ath- 
anasian Ci*eed, when ordered to be read in the 
Church: — but you,' said he with an agreeable 
smile on his countenance, " are I see much of the 
same mind with my late excellent friend Dr. 
Clarke, who, though having scruples to some 
things would yet continue in his Ministiy to the 
established Church : but was not willing to enter 
into new engagements by repealing the subscrip- 
tions, &c. I leave ydu to God and your own 
judgment and conscience; for I never go far- 
ther.'** 

Willis in his Qathedrals says he was the only 
Englishman that had been appointed Bp. of 
Bangor since the Reformation. f 

f See Nichols's Lit. Anec. vol. 3, p. 748, and Geut. Mag. 1783, pu ii. 1029. 

t Bangor Cath. p. 119. 



■M 



232 

The style of this Pi'elate*s writings has had the 
honor of being immortalized in Pope's Dnnciad^ 

'^ Ye critics ! in whose hands^ as equal scales 
I weigh what author*s heaviness prevails. 
Which most condoce to sooth the soul in slambert 
My Hoad)y*s periods^ or my Blackmore's numbers.** 

and again by the same Poet in the satire of Dr. 
Donne versifiedf 

*' But, Sir, of writers ? — Swift for closer style. 
Bat Hoadly for a period of a mile.'* 

Of his tenets^ Mr. Chalmers^ has with much 
truth observed : — " In his tenets he was far from 
adhering to the doctrines of the Church ; so far, 
indeed, that is a litti^ to be wondered on what 
principles he continued to possess conformity; 
and his attempt to gain over the dissenters who 
was himself the greatest dissenter that ever was 
preferred in the Churchy is one of those inconsist- 
encies which his admirers have never explained. 
But as he took great latitude himself, so he was 
ready also to allow it to others. His doctrine 
that sincerity is sufficient for acceptance, what- 
ever be the nature of opipions, is favourable to 
such indulgence, but far from defensible on the 
genuine principles of Christianity. g:3=* He was of 
course in high favor with all who wished to 
mould religion according to tteir own imagina- 
tions.*' 



• Dunciad, book 2, 1. 367. f Uae 72, $ New Biog. Diet. vol. 17. p. 51S. 



233 

The Rev. Philip Skelton, under a pretence of 
lefendiog his character, exposes him in the fol- 
lowing badinage. " It is very unjust," he says, 
^ suspect that a Right Rev. Prelate, who is nioi*e 
pious, judicious, orthodox and learned than any 
that ever was, or ever will be, who has sworn and 
mbscrihed to all our articles, and has so tender a 
[conscience, should be capable of writing so bad 
% book. It is a scandalous age that ascribes 
such a work of darkness to such an apostolic 
messenger of light ! ** Then he answers all the 
strguments produced by Hoadly in his Plain 
account of the nature and end of the Lords sup^ 
per, in such a manner as to satisfy any reason- 
able reader. See reprint of Skeltons life, 1816, 
vol. 2, p 317. 

^Indeed it is evident from the whole tenor of 
Hoadly s writings, that he was lamentably igno- 
rant of the doctrines of the Church of wliich he 
iivas a Bishop. The notions which he had the 
ludacity to broach however, were pleasing to the 
then ministry, who took advantage of his impru- 
dent concessions to dissolve the Convocation, in- 
somuch at least, that Government has not permit- 
ted it to proceed to business since Iloadly's time. 
Bp. Hoadly sat at Bangor 6 years :— at Here- 
ford 2 : — at Salisbury 1 1 : — and at Winchester 
27, thus having, and from its highest eminence 
been a scourge to the Church for the long period 
of 46 years. 




234 

He diet! April 17, 1761, aged 85, and was 
buried in Winchester Cathedral. The following 
inscription, written by himself is attached to a 
sumptuous monument erected by his Son. 

Hie JQXta sepnlttini est 
Qaicquid mortale fuit 
BENJAMINI HOADLY, S. T. P. 
Erat ille fi)iu8 
SAMUELIS HOADLY. 
Viri optimi et doctissimi, Eccl. Ang. Presbyteri, 
Scholse privatse per multos annos, 
PosteaScholsepublicae Norvicensis informatoris, et 
MARTH.E PICKERING, 
Viri Reverendi Denjaroini Pickering iiliae. 
Natus Westerhamise in agrp Cantiano 
Die 14". Nov. A.D. 1676. 
In Aularo Sanctie Cath. Cantabr. cooptatus 
A. D. 1692, et ejusdcm Aulce postea Socias. 
In Ecclesia Santa; Mildr. de Poultrey, Londini, 
Per decern annos ab A. D. 1/01, 
CoDcionator Pomeridianus. 
Rector ecclesise Sancti Petri Pauperis, Lond*. 
Per annos sedecim ab A. D. 1704. 
Rector etiam ecclesise de Strcatham^ in com. Sorria 
Per annos tredecim ab A. D. 1710. 
EPISCOPUS Bangorensis consecratas 

MartiiDie 18°. A. D. 1715. 
Episcopus Herefordensis confirmatas 
Nov. die 3^ A. D. 1721. 
Episcopus Sarisburiensis confirmatus 

Oct. die 29<>. A. D. 1723. 

Episcopus Wintonensis confirmatus 

Sept. die 26o. A. D. 1734. 

Uxorcs duxit 
1. SARAM CURTIS,! 

* Whon Mr. Hoadly applied to Abp. Tenison for a dispensatioD to bold 
Streatham, with St. Pcxcr's Poor, that nie^-opolitan told him, tUtk 
" tcould sooner have a horn of greaee poured down him^^ thao gnuH 9oA 
dispensation ; however, he signed the fiat before he left the palace. TVt 
anecdote was communicated by the late Chancellor Hoadly. to the fdi> 
tor of the Gent. Mag. 1783.— Pu 2. p. 672. See a diverting dialogue tbm 
between Abp. Teuison and Sir Jacob Astley. 

t Sarah Curtis had been a paintress of portraits. — Vide plura in hod 
Orford's works, vol. 3, p. 429, and Granger** Biog. Hist, of Eng. voLi 
128, tor Diana Curtis, read Sarah. W^. Epii, Sup. She died 1743. 



235 

£x qua doos filios snscepit^ 

Benjaaiinum in Med. Doctonim, 

Et Joannem Dioc. Winton. Cancellarimn. 

2, MARIAM NEVVEY, 

Viri Revcrendi Johannis Newey, S. T. P. 

£t Decani Cicestrensis filiam : 

Feminas optimis animi dotibus ojcnatas, 

£t amore summo illi conjunctissimas. 

Obiit Apr. die 17^ A. D. 1761. Mt, 85. 

[Oa a smaller tablet under, is] 

Patri amantissimo, 
VersB Religionis ac Libertatis pablicae vindici 
De Se, de Patria, de genere humauo optime merito. 

Hoc Marmor posuit 
J. HOADLY, filias superstes. 

Of his monument, Dr. Milner, since deservedly 
raised to the Prelacy of the Roman Catholic 
Church, thus expresses himself in his history of 
Winchester.* 

^^ Nor can the eye in this situation be restrain- 
ed from fixing on that inimitable medallion of 
Bp. Hoadly against the pillar on the left hand 
over his tomb and epitaph. The hard stone here 
assumes the soft foldings of the Prelate's silken 
ornaments, and the cold marble is animated with 
his living speaking features. But what an in- 
congruous association of emblems do we here 
find crowded in the margin ! The democrsltic 
pike and cap, is in saltire with the Pastoral Cro- 
zier ; Magna Charta is blended with the New 
Scriptures, as equally the subject of the Bp's. 
meditations ! 



* This work to one of the most elegantly written local histories we pos- 
Ist Edit. vol. 2. p. 32. 




236 

^^ One remark more will strike us before we 
loose sight of this monument. The column a- 
gainst which it is placed has been cut away to a 
considerable depth in order to make place for it, 
evidently to the weakening of the whole fabtk. 
Thus it may he said with truth of Dr. Hoadhj^ 
that both living and dying he undermined the 
Church of which he was a Prelate.^ 

This celebrated passage in the 1st Eijit: is here 
quoted free from some eri'oi's into which the wri- 
ter had inadvertently fallen : and which on re- 
ferring to the 2d Edit : we find he has corrected* 
[See vol. 2. p. 33. note.] Mr. Nichols's Ldt. Anec. 
3. 747 says that Dr. Milner is still in error by 
attributing Dr. Hoadly's dramatic writings to 
John^ the clergyman and chancellor of Winches- 
ter instead of to Benjamin the Bp's eldest sod^ 
who was M. D. — but compare with Lit. Anec. 3. 
142 where it is evident that John was the greater 
dramatic writer of the two. See also Ctialmer's 
Biog. Diet. The Physician wrote only the Sus]^- 
cious Husbandy but the Chancellor, several pieces 
which Mr. Chalmers says, do not entitle him to a 
very high rank among the writere for the stage. He 
was " passionately addicted,** as his nephew Dr. 
Hoadly Ashe observed, " to theatrical com|>osi- 
tions and representations." See P. S. to Milner's 
Hist, of fflnch. 2d Edit. vol. 2. p. 269. 
/ These remarks of Dean Milner called forth an 

angry reply on the part of Dr. Hoadly Ashe, bat 



k 



237 

tie dean ia a Postscript to his 2Dd edition* re- 
oris his opponent's arguments against him with 
ofinite talent and spirit. 

Portraits. There is an excellent portrait of 
be Bp. in the Stationers' Hall, the gift of one 
Vilkins a Whiggish printer. On a tablet under- 
leath it is a foolish inscription, which may be 
•ead in Lit. Anec. 18M cent, vide Index article 
YiLKiNs. This painting is a half-length 6f the 
}p. seated^ habited in his robes as Prelate of the 
Drder of the Garter. He appears to have been 
nore than 60 years of age when the painting was 
lone, and has pleasant full features shaded by a 
noderate sized powdered wig. Another, drawn 
>y N. Hone after a wax model by Gosset, done 
n 1756, and engraved by Basi re 1772-3. The 
me prefixed to the folio edition of his works, 
;nder which is inscribed Benjamin Hoadly, D. D. 
Bp. of Winchester, aged LXXX. There is aUo 
I fine portrait of him in the great room in the 
ftp's, palace at Salisbury. 

Arms. A. Az. a pelican O. vulning its breast, 
)rop. Granted 1715. Edmonstone. Harris. Hist. 
Kent. p. 339 gives G. a bend ermine betw. 2 mul* 
lets pierced. Richardson, in liis Continuation of 
Bp. Godwin^ p. 246. gives the same as Edmon-- 
itone : but in the plate there quarters with it, 
2d & 3d, a shield O. 



* Uist. Winch, rol. 2. p. 26^. 



238 

The Bishops son, Dr. Hoadly, vrho in 1740, 
Was appointed Physician to Chelsea Coll^, 
was author of the Suspicious Husband* The 
family of Hoadly, it is presumed, is extinct. 

The following letter from the Duke of De- 
vonshire, to the Bp., on the subject of some 
preferment the latter had promised, but which 
he omitted to give to Archdeacon, afterwards 
Bp. .Lowth, is too interesting not to be snb- 
joined.f 

* Dublin, Jan. 24, 1756. 

* My Lord, 

* I am extremely concerned that 

* the first opportunity I should have of corre- 

* sponding with the Bp. of Winchester, should 
' be on so disagreeable a subject ; and nothing 
' but your lordship's letter could have forced me 

* to trouble you, or enter into the discussion of a 

* question which has given me a great deal of 

* uneasiness, as well as surprize. As you have 
' laid me under a necessity of giving my opinion, 
' when I should have chosen to have been silent, 
' you will, I hope, excuse me, if I give it you 
^ fi-eely. I am, indeed, at a loss for words to 



* Geol. Mag. 1747. p. 133. 



t The letter was rescued f» oni «! hvTip of family papers, and printol ia 
the Gent. Mug. lor iKl6. Pt. 2. p. 291. Notwithstanding ihisstraofe foc- 
getfuhiess ol his promise, Bp. Iloadlv it appeara fi-oui the words of Mr. 
Nicholls in his l.iierary Anecdotes oV the l«th Cent, vol, 2. p. 420, lad 
zealously patronized Lowth and appointed hira Archdeacon of WinchoW 
in 1750. Lowth had heen tutor to Loi-d IJartioflrtuu and became nieces 
lively Bp. of Limeric^ St. David's^ Oxlbrd, and London. 



239 



:plain my meaning more clearly than I did 
in my letter to Dr. Lowth^ of which he told me 
he had sent you an extract. It always was my 
intention to get a small matter out of Dr. Les- 
' lie's preferments for a son of Dr. Edmond An- 
^ derson ; and therefore as a means of providing 
^ more amply for Dr. Lowth, I proposed to him 
' the making application to your Lordship ; and 
^ though the material service was to be done to 
^ Dr. Lowth, yet I should always have esteemed 
' it a civility done to me, and as such, have 
^ thought myself much obliged to you ; and I 
' own, when the answer came back, couclied in 
* the words you mention, with strong professions 
' of your regard for me, I was much pleased with 
it. I have lived long enough in the world not 
to pay too great a regard, or lay too much 
stress on professions in general : but the venei*- 
ation I had been bred up with for Bishop Hoad^ 
ly's character, would not allow me to suspect 
that his professions could mean nothing, or that 
he could have recourse to nice distinctions to 
explain away the sense and meaning from his 
own words, which the common acceptation of 
them certainly conveyed; and therefore, when 
Dr. Lowth had got possession of Dr. Leslie's 
preferment, I immediately acquainted Mr. An- 
derson with the promise I had from your Lord- 
ship, and told him the living was at his service, 
which he very willingly accepted. If that stq> 



240 

had not been taken, I should, upon the first 
difficulty raised by your Lordship, have desired 
Dr. Lowth to put an end to it ; and as I find 
my letter to liim has not convinced you, I most 
desire your Lordship to dispose of the living 
to whomsoever you shall think proper; and 
shall endeavour to serve my friend some other 
way. I am sorry to find myself under tiie ne- 
cessity of letting him know ^cactly the state 
of the case ; but it is very material to me, my 
Lord, that no man should be able to say that 
I have broken my word with him. I must now 
look upon this aflfair as entirely over; and 
therefore, the only favor I have to b^ is, that 
this may be the conclusion of a correspondence 
wl)ich must be as disagreeable to you as it U 
to, my Lord, your Lordship's most obedient 
humble servant, 

* Devonshire." 



Ul 



9. THOMAS SHERLOCK 

:88iT A. D. 1734 — ^Trans ad Lomd. A. D, 174f. 

Obiit a. D. 1761. 



materials of this sketch of fip. Sherlock's 
haye been in part supplied by the lii^ pre- 
to the 12ino. edit, in 3 vols, of his Sermonfl^ 
1. 1770. The writer is anonymous, but all 
at^ments are accurate, excepting that re- 
3 to the Bp*s. retractation of his opinions in 
[oadleian^ usually called the Bangorian Con*^ 
rsy. Se^ our note on the subject, at p. 243. 
lomas Sherlock, was bom in London, in the 
1678. His fother was Pr. Will. Sherlock, 
I of St. PauFs, a man of great piety, abilitie^i, 
ear^i^g ; deeply engaged in the theological 
"oyersiies of bis time; and among many 
writings, Author of the Discourses on 
h, Judgment, and a Future State, which 
ever been deservedly esteemed among the 
pieces of Practical Divinity in our Ian* 
s.* He was educated at Eton ; and 
;h it has been said that his great g)eniu3 and 
ts did not shew themselves till he was more 
iced in life, it appears from the testimony 



IT Notices of Dean Sherlock, see Noble^s Granger. 1. 89. 

4. 299. Birch's 'Fillotson, p. 279. Index to Literary Anec 18th 
id a very good life in the Blog. Brit, old edit. vol. 6. jk 3676^-^36ia6* 

in Chalmerses Biog. Diet, vol 27. p. 466. £Drr.] 




242 

of those who knew him in his early yoothy tbaf^ 
in this, as in all other paits of life, he stood oa 
the highest ground ; that in the course of his 
education, he was always at the head oihk 
class, and never failed to lead his equals and 
companions even in th^ puerile sports and a- 
musements. From Eton he removed to Catha- 
rine Hall^ Cambridge, of which Society he after- 
wards became Master ; and was appointed Vice- 
Chancellor of the Univei'sity in the year 1714. 
While he held this office, he searched inta the 
public Archives, where papers and public iii8trtf> 
ments of great value had lain for many years, 
in a mfost confused and useless state* These he 
carefully examined, and reduced into proper 
order ; and from their help he obtained toch a 
knowledge of the constitution of the Universi^, 
and the different sources from whence it derived 
its power and immunities, that, in the subse 
quent parts of his life, he was appealed to as a 
kind of oracle, in doubts and difficulties that 
occasionally arose in regard to its jurisdiction 
and government. 

At the age of 26, Nov. 28, 1704, he was ap- 
pointed Master of the Temple, upon the resign 
nation of his father * At the head of this Hon 
Society, he presided near 50 years, constantly 
preaching at their Church in term-time, and 
uniyei*sally beloved, esteemed, and hononred 
among them. He was made Dean of Chiche^ 
ter in the year 1716. 



24» 

C($^tiiig 3 Sermdns, preached on public oc- 
^ns, his first appearance as an author, was 
i^.fomous Banj^oridn Controversy; and he 
by. fiir the most powerful anta^nist Bp. 
dly had. He published a grfeftt niinber of 
phlets upon this occasion ; the principal of 
h 19 in titled, ^' A Vindication of the Cor 
Hon and Test Acts, in answer to the Bp.^ 
iangor^^ Reasons for the Repeal of them, 
C To this Dr. Hoadly i*epli€^ ; yet, while 
>po6ed strenuously the principles} of his ad- 
iry^ he gave the strongest testimony to his 
ties. It has been said, Bp. Sherlock after-' 
Is disapproved the part he took in this dis- 
, and would never suffer his pamphleCs to 
^pirinted.^ About this time, some bold at^ 
B were made upon Christianity ; and partic- 
y by Cpliins, in bis " Discourse of the 
unds and Reasons of the Christian Reti- 
r This work occasioned a great number of 
5s to be written on the subject of Prophecy ; 
though Dr. Sherlock did not enter directly 



let Bp. Newton be heard on this subject : — " 1 have been atsured" 
M the Bp. of Brwtol, iii his Life, by himself, 8o. edh. I8I6, 
i with Bp. Pearce*8 &c. rol. 2. p. 178.* «' by the best authority, by 
who lired with him most, and anew him best, that this intimation 
UMff faUe and groundless, and the Bp. (Slterluclc) was so far 
lanng chanced his opinion, that lie haa written something more 
t Bp. Uoadly, which he liad thoughu of pubQshiug even to the last/* 
ill be remembered, that a similar assertion, and equattf /aUet was 
respecting Bp. Lavington, who wrote an excellent worli coui- 
the Papists and Methodists. See Uie refutation of that assertion 
life of tbe Bp. of Exeter, prefixed t^ the late edition of that ad^ 
e worii.-— Kdjt.] 

Q 2 




144 

uito the cootrorenjr, yet he took oocamft to 
eommiiBicate bis sentimeats ia Six DUemopm 
ddwered ai the Temple Cbmvh, in April and 
May^ 1724, which he printed the foUowag 
year, mnkr this title, ^ The Use and intent^ 
^Prophecy in tfie severut ages of the ffhrUC 
It was an obvious remark upon this fluljeet, 
that (besides the argument fix>m Prophecy) the 
Miracles of our Saviour, And hie resnrreetion 
from the dead, were illnstrioos attestations gifeo 
to him from heaven, and evident proofe of (bb 
divine mission, T\xea arose Woolston, who, 
under pretence of acting the psurt of a modera- 
tor in this controversy, endeavoured to alkfo- 
rite away the Miracles, as C!ollins had dene the 
Prophecies. And here again Bp. Sheilodc took 
up the cause. Woolst<m having bent his effiMts 
with particular virulence agmnst our Savioiir*8 
resurrection, this subject was fully and distinct- 
ly considered in a pamphlet written by his Lp. 
intitled, " The Trial of the fVitnes$e$ of tk 
RemrrecHoH of Jesus, 1729.'' This pampih 
let, in which the evidences of the resurrectio& 
are examined iu the form of a judicial proceed- 
ing, went through 14 editions ; and has been 
universally admired for the polite and uncom- 
mon turn, as well as the judicious way of treat- 
ing the subject. 

Feb. 4, 1727, he was appointed Bp. of Ban- 
gor, in the room of Dr. Baker, who was tiw 



k 



fliatod to Norwicli ; and, upon the promotion .^of 
I>r« Hoadly to the See of Winchester^ Br. Sh«r* 
lode tocoeeded hkn in the BiahqHHkk of Salil-. 
iRiiy,^ Nov. 8, 1734. 

He now entered upon a new eoae t^ liSa^ ia 
urbich his great abilities, the deep knowledge 
he had acquired of the laws and constitutioii «l 
Mb ooimtry, his doquence, his learoing, gfBSfe 
Um great waght and dignity, both as a gover-v 
aer of the Cbarch, and as a Lord of ParUamenI;. 
When he assisted at the ddiberations of that 
great assembly, he was not content to bear a 
nksDt testiaiony, bat often .took upon himself aa 
active part ; and though his profesaon and maat* 
aer of I£fe had lutherto afforded him no oppor^ 
ttnmty of exeroisrng his talent for extempora- 
aeaas speakmg, he ddivered himself m his first 
atitcmpts, before Uie most august .assembiy in t^e 
wofU, with the same ease, el^ance, and foro^ 
as if oratory had been the study and practice of 
Ms life, or as if it had been a gift of nature^ and 
aot an art to be attained by time and triaL But he 
was sensMe of the resenfie that became his order 
and prafession in that place, and seldom rase vnp 
to declare his opinion, eacoept on points in wlucb 
the oockaiastical or civil oonstitutioa were esaen-^ 
Ittlly concerned, or by widch the authority of 



.* [It is a ourtoM cinnrBstaMf , that teUei bavinf bt«ii a IbUow €•!- 
legiau of his theological antaffonlf t Hoattly, lie thonla have filled two of 
tiK fame bithopricki which Sat Prdatc had occupied before him-*£ptT.j 



244 

the Crown, Qr the liberties of tiie sabfect^ 'weir 
materi^ly effected. In caEses of' eodemiBtical 
law, which were brought before the Lordiatt 
court of judicature, he had JBpaietbneB tbe batm 
of leading their judgments,' vin o^KidtiM H 
some of the greatest lights of the law;whohai 
first declared themselves of a different ofiiiiiMi' 
particularly in an appeal to the House upon a 
ecclesiastical case from Ireland. Several of ik 
speeches are preserved in the printed collectioa 
of parliamentary debates; which do honour to 
his genius, his disinterestedness, Ins iudepeD- 
deuce, and his virtue. The sq^endor of his chfr- 
rabter now became so graat, that, upon tiie 
death of Abp. Potter, In 1747, he was offered to 
be set at the head of the Church, in the abpiie. 
of Canterbury ; which, however, he thought pro^ 
per to decline, on account of the ill state of his 
health at that juncture. But soon after recorer- 
ing his usual strength, he accepted a translation 
to the see of Liondon, in 1749,* void by the death 
of Dr. £dm. Gibson. |n 1 750, when these dties 
were put into the ipost dreadful consternation 
by two violent shocks of ao earthquake, Bp. 
Sherlock wrote a pastoral fMetter to the clergy 
and inhabitants of London and Westminster, <tt 
occasion of the late earthquakes ;^ which was W 



* rSworn of the P. CouncU the same year. Cfmi. Mtig. 1749. p. 44^ 
ElHT.J ... 



847 

»g^\y bought up by all rapks of peopH that 
it M CQmpule(} upwards of 100^000 copies were 
sold within a months 

Amidst all his dlgaitifiB, he continued to hold 
jthe ma^t^vhip of the Temple till 1753; when 
Jiis growing infirmities I'exidered him unable to 
perform the duties of it, he wrotp tjie following 
tetter of acknowledgment 

'^ To the Treasurers, &c. of the Two Societies of 

the Temple. 

Fulhamy Nov. 5, 1753. 
Gentlemen ; His Majesty having been graciously 
pleasedi in iG^nsideiutipn of my age and infirmi- 
ties, ^, accept x)f my res^gnati/oa of tbe m^sterr 
ship of the Temple ; permit me to take the op^ 
portunity of your meeting, after the recess of 
the vacajtipn, to return to you my thanks for 
you,r great goodness to me, during the conti*- 
laioaoce of the long course of my ministry among 
yo^. It would be a satisfaction and pleasure to 
meito aciknpwledge these obligations, and to ex- 
press the sense I have of them in person. But, 
as I cannot promise myself in the uncertain state 
of my health, that I shall be ab)e to do it in 
proper tibooe, I sh^ll beg leave to do i^ by wri- 
.ting i 9od to assure you, th^t I shall always re- 
member the many instances of your favor to me, 
some of which ^ere sp distinguishing marks of 
your approbation of my services, as I must never 




S48 

—i oan never forget I aadyet^ t6 imiitioii tlm 
particularly, might be cottdtmed M an eftel 
rather of vanity than of gratitude. I tMMB 
my relation to the two societies to hate ben tlie 
great happiness of my lifi^ as it mtrodnoed mt 
to the acquaintance of Some of the greatest nM 
of the age, and i^rded me the oppmtnttitifls sf 
improvement, by living and conversing with 
gentlemen of a liberal education, and of great 
learning and experience. I am, genllemai, your 
most obedient and m6st humble servant, 

Thomas London." 

Ffiom this time his infirmities constantly n- 
ereased upon him, but the powers of bis nnder- 
StaCnding all along reminned in their foil ^ifpm\ 
and he cotitinued to dispatch the vaiiety of bw 
ness that came before him, with ease to IiintedU^ 
and satisfaction to tho^ who had occasion to 
apply to him. It Was under this weak state of 
body he revised and corrected his senncni^ 
which he published in 4 vols. 8vo. When It 
first appeared in the character of a piAfie 
preacber, he surpassed the most eminent prescb' 
ers of those times, in solidity of matter, iik 
strength of reasoning, and true pulpit doqnenca 
There are few now living who are able to remetti^ 
ber those times ; but if general repoit <fid not con- 
firm this observation, we might appeal to the testi' 
mony of his own printed sermons ; wMcb, with 



249 

yntf tewmcdglioti^^ were all the product of his 
jlOttBgier years. The reception they have met 
With, 18 a full proof of their merit ; and it is but 
deelacn^ the. judgitiedt of the public to say^ that 
tat variety and ch<Hce 6f matter^ and the judi^ 
ciMs artangemebt of it ; for strength and solidity 
ti raasoning ; for force akid elc^nce of language, 
■ad for a natural flow of manly eloquence^ they 
aUuid in the first rank of reputation of any theo^ 
l e gicUl diseourdes in the English or any other 
laAgoage* In 1769, he printed and distributed 
IB his diocesQi *^ A charge to his clergy ;"" wherein 
a mastarly knotrledge of the law, both of chui^h 
umA states is applied, with a paternal aflfection^ 
to their use imd senrice. And, Within a very 
in^ months of his death, upon the accesmon of 
Geofge III. to the throne, he is said to 
written -a letter of <ionddbnce and congra*' 
•riati0a to the king.* 

. Ha died without issue, July 18, 1761, in the 
84th year of his age ; duiii^ the last 8 of which 
lad been almost deprived of the use of his 
imd of his speech, insomuch tliat he could 
be understood only by those who were constantly 
about him. Under this uncommon state of 
weakness and decline, nothing was more worthy 
adniratiim, than the extraoi'dinary composure 
af his mind. Old age is frequently attended with 

• (TUi letter bprinted in NkhoU'k Lit Anec, 3, 213. There 'u noih- 
iniU— EwT.] 





S3a 

a peevishness of temper; and sicknefls aa^in^ 
firmities are apt to create a petulance and acri- 
mony in the best natares, both young and old ; 
but though Bishpp Sherlock had naturally a 
quickness and sensibility of temper^ age and 
sickness were so far from stimulating, that they 
served rather to smooth and soften it ; as in- 
firmities increased upon him, he became more 
quiet and composed ; and, though in the com- 
mon course oi business, and his general into*- 
course with the world, as wdl as the interior 
economy of bis own family, incidents most have 
arisen frequently that were displeasing to hinii 
yet nothing could ever break in upon that con- 
stancy of mind, and that uniform tranquillity 
and composure, that happily possessed him. 
And he added to his other public and private 
virtues, a constant and exemplary piety, a warm 
and fervent zeal in preaching the duties, and 
maintaining the doctrines of Christianity, and a 
large and diffusive munificence and charity. 

He was interred in the church-yard at Fok 
ham; where a monument, with the following 
inscription, is erected to his memory: 

" In this vault is deposited 
the Body of 
The Right Reverend Father in God 
br: THOMAS SHERLOCK, 
late Bishop of this diocejiey 
formerly master of the Temple, 
Dean of Chichester, 
^d Bishop of Bangor and Salisbary. 



^ 



251 

Whose Iwp^ficept and wpiitby coudnct 
\n th^ seraral high stations which he filled, 
entitled him to the gratitude of mnltitiides, * 

asd the veneration of all. 
His saperior genins, 
' his extensive and well-applied learning, 
Iii4:ad|sirafaile hcvltj and unequalled power of reasoning^ 
ais exerted in the explanation of Scripture, 
in exhortations to that piety and virtue 
of which he was himself a great example, 
and in defence especially of Revealed Reu^on, 
need no encomium here. 
They do honour to the age wherein he lived ; and 
will be known to posterity, without the help 
of this perishable monument of stone.** 

(Undenieath, on another Tablet, is,] 

" He died on the 18th day of July, in the year 

of our Lord 1761, and the 84th of his age. 

The powers of his mind continuing unimpaired 

throughout a tedious course of 

bodily infirmities, 

irhieh b(e sustained to the last with a most cheerful 

and edifying resignation to the will of God.** 

£0n the «ide of a monument, to the memory of his Lady» 
phkoed on the top of the above-mentioned tablet :] 

'' Judith Fountains, 

was married to Dr. Thomas Sheblock, 

Master of the Temple, Aug. 8, 1707. 

Died July 23, 1764; aged 77 r 

ITie foregoing inscription is said by Mr. Ni- 
chols, Lit Anec. nt sup. to have been drawn up 
by the Bp*8. chaplain, Dr. Nichols; but he also 
inserts the following from the MSS. of Dr. Chas. 
Weston : — ^* As / always understood, it was 
written by the Rt. Hon. Edward Weston, who 
married for his 2d wife, Anne Fountayne, neice 
of Mrs. Sheriock, to whom his 1st wife also, 
Penelope, grand daughter of Bishop Patrick, was 
ncice.'* 



353 

CA(7rar/«r.-^Bp. Sfaeiio6kVi cfaaraoter is tfaoe 
draMrn by Dr. Nichols, his frigid and successor 
at the Temple, ia the sermon he preached at the 
Bp's funeraL See Gent. Mag. \oL xxxii. p. 23, 
for the year 17GZ.-^^^ He was the son of a SMit 
eminent £EU;her, who was no less distingnished in 
the last age, than the son has been in this.^ 
And what is very remarkable, this place has ea- 
joyed the benefit of thrir instmction for more 
than 70 yters.^^-^Here give me leave to obser?e a 
similitude of circumstances between his son and 
him. It pleased God to prolong the son's days, 
even beyond those of his iatber, to preserve to 
him his great understanding, and to give him 
leisure to review his incomparable discowse^ 
and to make them fit for the reception wluch the 
world has given them. He tod has had his con- 
troversies, and those carried on with warmth 
and spirit; but without any injury to his tem- 
per, or any interruption to his thoughts and 
mind. His father lived in more difficult tisMS, 
had much to struggle with, and perhaps bad 
more of labour in his composition. The son was 
more bright and brilliant, and carried a greater 
compass of thought and genius along wi& bin. 
The one wrote with great care and circumspec- 
tion, as having many adversaries to contend 
with ; the other with greater ease and freedoo, 
as rising superior to all opposition. — Indeed, tbe 
son had much the advantage of his father, ia 



39S 

.MSpeet to the timeaad othar Gircnrostanees of his 
fife; not to say what I believe must be owned 
by all^ that his natural abilities and talents were 
mach greater. — He was made master of the 
IVBKiide very young, upon the resignation of his 
iitber, and was obliged to apply himself closely 
to business, and take infinite pains to qualify ' 
himself for that honourable employment ; wliich 
he effectually did in the course of a few years, 
and became one of the most celebrated preachers 
ckf that time. 

'^ In this station he continued many yearn, 
prettching constantly, rightly dividing the word 
^ Oody and promoting the salvation of souls. 
,Fpr his preaching was with power ; not only in 
Jhe wdght of his words and argument, but in 
the force and energy with which it was delivered. 
.Fw though his voice was not melodious, but 
accompanied rather with a thickness of speech, 
jiet were his words uttered with so much pro* 
priety, and with such strength and vehemence, 
that he never failed to take possession of Ins 
wiiole audience, and secure their attention. This 
powerful delivery of words so weighty and im- 
portant, as his always were, made a strong im- 
pression upon the minds of his hearers, and was 
IMt soon forgot. And I doubt not but many of 
yon still remember the raceilent instruction you 
bave heard from him to your great comfort. 
. ^^ About this time also it was, that he published 




2S4 

his much adnui^ iliscourse^ upon the U^e md 
Intent of Prophe(^j which did so mach senrioe 
to the cause of ChrUtlanity^ then openly attdcked 
by some daring unbelievers. . 

^' Upon the accession of K. Geo. II. |o the; 
throne, he was soon distinguished; and wijdk 
another truly eminent divine [Hare} adviHiQQil: 
to the bench, where he sat with great IcBtre fi^: 
many years ; in matters of difficulty and nio^ 
discernment, serving his King and country, ^od 
the church over which he presided, with unoonir^ 
mon zeal and prudence. Indeed such was Us 
discretion and great judgment, that all ranks 
of persons were desirous of knowing his p|Hnioi|. 
in every case, and by his quiclc and solid ju4(*! 
ment of things, he was able to do great good toi, 
many individuals, and very signal services tQ fab 
country. 

All this time, while he was thus taken up ia 
the business of the station to which he was ad- 
vanced, he yet continued to preach to bis oon- 
gregation during term ; and in the vacation coih 
stantly went down to reside in his diocese; when 
he spent his time in the most exemplary man- 
ner ; in a decent hospitality ; in repainng his 
churches and houses, wherever he went ; in con- 
versing with his clergy ; and in giving them and 
their people proper directions as the circiua- 
stances of things required. And thus did Hm 
great man lay himself out for the public good; 



355 

idways busy, always employed, so long as God 
gave faim health and strength to go through 
those Yarions and important ofltees of life, which 
were committed to his care. But now, though 
his mind and understanding remained in fuU 
iigbar, infirmities of body began to creep very 
fitft upon him. And then it was that he declined, 
when c^red him, the highest honors of this 
church, because he was sensible, through the in- 
firmities he felt, he should never be able to give 
that perscmal attendance which that great office 
lequires. And this also induced him afterwards 
to acicept the charge of this diocese wherein we 
Uve, ' because his business would be at home and 
alxmt him, and would requii'e no long joumies, 
for which he found himself very unfit. And 
aertsin it is, that for the first three or four years 
he applied himself closely to business, and made 
one geneiul visitation of his diocese in person : 
najj he extended his care to parts abroad, and 
began his correspondence there, which would 
have' been very useful to the church, if his health 
bad permitted him to carry it on : but about 
that time it pleased God to visit him with a very 
dang«x>us illness, from which indeed, he re- 
oovered, but with almost the total loss of the 
me of his limbs ; and soon after, his speech 
fisdling him, he was constrained to give over the 
dttircise of his function and office, and was even 
deprived of the advantages of a free convei*satiou. 



256 

But though he was tfaas obligwl to fmmdfifr 
the ministerial office, yet he still took care hiBi- 
self for the dispatch of bustnesB. : For die misd 
was yet vigoitNis and strong in tins weak he^i 
and partook of none of its infirmities. He neiar 
parted with the administration of things out sf 
his own hands, but required an exact aeooont of 
every thing that was transacted, and wheie tk 
business was of importance and consequense 
enough, he would dictate letters, and give di- 
rections about it himself. Under all his iofirnu- 
ties, his soiil broke through, like the snn ftom 
the cloud, and was visible to every eye. Time 
was a dignity in his aspect and countenance to 
the very last. His reason sat enthroned wA 
him, and no one could approach him withoit 
having his mind filled with that respect sid 
veneration that was due to so great a chkraetet. 

His learning was very extensive : God had 
given him a great and an underetanding miad, 
a quick comprehension, and a solid judgmoiL 
These advantages of nature he. improved bf 
much industry and application ; and in the esify 
part of his life had read and digested well, the 
ancient authors both Greek and Latin, the (do- 
losophei*s, poets, and orators ; from whence k 
acquired that correct and elegant style, wbidi 
appears in all his compositions. His knoirifidgB 
in divinity was obtained from the study of the 
most rational writers of the drarch, bott 



S$7 



: , n ; ». I 



and modern ; and he wag particidaii J fimd 
af ooiBpamig Scripture with Scripture; and 
jnpeeially of illustrating the episdes and writings 
tf the apoetleis^ which he thought wanted to be 
WMe studied, and of which we have seme speci- 
mens m Us own discourses. His skill in the 
mH and canon law was very considerable ; to 
Wfaieh he added such a knon^edge of the com- 
mon law of England, as few clergymen attain 
to. Tins it was that gave him that influence in 
tiL cases where the church was concerned, as 
knowing precisely what it had to claim from its 
ooMtitutions and canons, and what from the 
coamion law of the land. His piety was con- 
stant iand exemplary, and breathed the true spirit 
€f the Gospel. His zeal was warm and fervent 
in explaining the great doctrines and duties of 
Ghrbtianity, and in maintaining and establish- 
ing it upon the most solid and sure foundations. 
tlis muniJEicence and charity were large and dif- 
Ibsiice ; not confined to particulars, but extended 
111 general to all that could make out any just 
Omm to it. The instances of his public chari- 
ties both in his life-time and at his death, are 
great, and like himself. He has given large 
^ms of money to the Corporation of Clergy- 
men's sons, to several of the hospitab, and to 
the Sodety for propagating the Gospel in foreign 
parts. And at the instance of the said society, 
be consented to print, at his own charge, an i;n- 




258 

pression of 2000 sets of his valuable diseoofse^ 
at a very considerable expence. And thqr hare 
been actually sent to all the islands and colooiei 
of America : and by the care of the Goveroon; 
and Clergy, it is hoped by this time, that tbqr 
are all properly distributed among the people of 
their i-espective colonies, to their great improve- 
ment in the knowledge of rational and pracliG&l 
Christianity. And to mention one instance more 
of his great charity and care for the educatioa 
of youth, he has given to Catherine Hall, io 
Cambridge, the place of his education, his valu- 
able library of books ; and in his life-tim^ and 
at his death, donations for founding a librarians 
place, and a scholarship^ to the amount of se- 
veral thousand pounds. 

Besides these, and many other public instances 
of his charity and munificence which might be 
mentioned, the private flow of his bounty to 
many individuals was constant and regular ; and 
upon all just occasions he was ever ready to 
stretch forth his hand towards the needy and 
afflicted : of which no one can bear testimony 
better than myself, whom he often employed as 
the distributor of it. 

He was, indeed, a person of great candour 
and humanity, had a tender feeling of distresSi 
and was easily touched with the misfortunes of 
others. No man was ever more happy in do- 
mestic life, and no one could shew greater 



S59 

DtlenesSy good-nature, and affection to all 
ound him. To his servants he was a kind and 
ider master ; he knew how to reward fidelity 
id diligence ; especially in those who had been 
Dg in his service. They were careful over him, 
td he remembered their care, by leaving a 
t^ sum among those who had been nearest 
K>ut him during his illness.** 
Bp. Sherlock, on the translation of Abp. 
erring,* from York to Canterbury, in 1 743, was 
ipointed Lord Almoner, which office he con* 
med to hold till his translation to London. \L%fe 
' nos. Newton, Bp. of Bristol, hy himse^. 
St#. 8vo. 1816.2. 103.] Bp. Newton observes there 
tve been Almoners who were not Bps., and 
vend who have not been Abps. of York. His 
Uowing remarks are very imperfect. His de- 
cencies may be thus supplied : Sarum has had 
in 2 successive Bps. To the Bp's. list add 
icolson, Bp. of Carlisle, afterwards of Derry, 
c. (who was posterior to Smalridge, Bp. of 
rist<^, in that office) and was so appointed 1715« 
Mmon, Chron. Hist. p. 358) Abp. Wake hav- 
g resigned in his favor. Nicolson was follow* 
I by Ric. Willis, successively Bp. Giost.' Sar.' 
id Wiftt.' who succeeded to it, Mar. 18, 1717. 
lalmon. p. 378.) Afterwards we find Herring, 
id then Slierlock. In recording his death, the 
ent. Mag. describes him as Governor of the 

r2 




S60 



Charter Hon^ I have dot yet met Wfdi tte 
date of his appointment. 

This Prelate gave a large quantity of iiM 
railing, fitted ap a room for a library, and hfi- 
nished it trith a great part of his .mm library: 
left £Q0 a year for an uiiddrgradnatB UbtariUf 
appointed the R^. Prof. I>rr« &c. to be IVustfiO^ 
and has bestowed numy lines in his will in di;- 
reetion of their choice; 

Upon his translation to London, he had some 
difference with Abp. Herring, ietboat his Chnorii 
right to an option. [Liter. Anec. Ut. mp.] Thfe 
Abp. bad made his option of St. Geoigc?% 
Hanover Square; but the matter was eo» 
fmrniised by his Grace*s acoeptanoe tof St. J\jad% 
Soho. Bp. Sherhxik, however, in 1755, printdl 
his thoughts oh this subject, in a folio pampiikti 
entitled, '^ The Option ; or wl enquiry into the 
grounds of the claim/* &c. which waft nera* 
made public, but 50 copies only of it given to 
those whom it interested. The Bp. has made as 
odd mistake in this work. Assigning a very 
early origin to the Abp's. claim, he soon after 
laments the hard fate of the clergy*s wives aad 
children ; forgetting that in those times no mA 
relations existed. Abp. Herring, it is beliefO^ 
caused it to be reprinted in 4t6, winch he ga\t 
to a few friends, with a shott answer in <me page 
The Abp. was assisted in this Ins smswer by 
Archdeacon Denne andPaul Jodrell^Esq.toabro- 



26t 

^tinr 0f whom he bequeathed ia retain the optmm 
of Dr. Denne^s archdeaconry of Rochestor^ which 
Mr. Jodrell disposed of (in i-eversion) to Dr. 
jLair. 

- ' In 1776, a 5 th vol. consisting of 14 occasional 
Sennons, neyer b^Dre published, was added to 
those previously printed. This vol. was under^ 
^aken at the suggestion of Mr. SonUigate, curate 
ef St Giles's, who furpished the copies ; and it 
«as printed lat the joint expence of Loekyer 
Savies, and Thomas Davies, whose initials B. D. 
afe subscribed to the preface. %^^When I>r^ 
Nichols ijmitefl on Lord Cbanc. Hardwick, with 
the 1st voL of these Sermons, (which had beoj 
pabfished singl]^ in Nov. 1753,) his Lp. asked 
}iasi whether there was not a Sennon on John 
n. 30. 31. an4 on his replying in the affirmative, 
desired him to turn to the conclusion, and he 
repeated verbatim^ the animated contrast be^ 
tween the Mahometan and Christian Religions, 
li^iiming f ^- Qo to your Natural Religion,** 



I, ? .ThM k • mmA of BiblVograpliir worth nutidDA* as it will m?c 
/ntnre Aotiquari<E| Uie trouble of nunting for tbe meuiiug of tbeae two 

f Thb passage is, perhaps, unparalleled, unless we except Ihe beau-^ 
md wmA mamoAf lines on the rerf same subject, by the Right IfoN. 
jGio. Cannimq, Y^ich dose his ' Iter ad Heccam^* a pciem to which the 
OiaacetViryptigt was awairdeil, in 1789> whpi the Secretary was § 
fitudent of Cb. Ch. : 



** Hcc adeo, haec torpes tangentla pnemia sensus 
PolUdtus, stinraMsQue animos haua molKbus urgea^, 
Terramm Mahatteoa equa plus parte trinoiphat. 



Atqui noD tali studio, nee ntibns btis, 
Integra se jactat pietiui ; neque inania nobis 
Tu, Chriate, oAcia, et tantuin cumulanda superblii 
Muneribus templa, et sterUes Vano ordine pOBi|K»» 
Mandasti ! T\hi firma fides^ TIbi crimiiUs ei^pers 



262 

{Disc. 9) to the end. Such was the impreanoB 
which this gre^t and good man had retained of 
it for 30 years. 

The Rev. John Jones^ of Welwyn, adds 
(in MS.) '' Dr. Chandler, as he told me him- 
self, being ^t Tqnbridge, about the time of the 
conclusion of the peace of Aix-<la-Chapelle, and 
conversing upon the walks with Bp. Sheilodr, 
concerning the expediency and utility of revis- 
ing the JLiturgy at that time, had this answer 
given him by the Bp. viz : ^ That he concurred 
in opinion with the Dr., that that seemed to him 
to be a very proper time for applying to the 
Government in behalf of a review ; provided a 
competent pumber Qf the Clergy and others^ 
should be found to favor, and forwai*d so able^ so 
useful a 4e$ign,'* Soon after the publication of 
the ' Free and Candid Disqui^tions^ lus Lp. hdd 
nis Triennial Visitatioq. The Visitation Preach- 
ers were, some of them, candid, others less so, 
with regard to tjbe address and proposals in that 
Treatise. The Bp*s. oration to his Clergy on 
that subject, was moderate, allowing the force 
and propriety of the arguments, for a review in 
several instances, and at the same time obsOT- 
ing the difficulty of reducing every thing to the 



vita placet, puroque incoctum pectus honesto ! 
Ergfo Te, natumque Deo, BoUiqne Patcrni 
Partlcipem, humano commistum corpore Numeo 
Te memorefl colimus ! Ta nostram^ Manma colpam 
Vlctijua, morte luis ! Tu Dobii, Sangoine fiiao, 
So}ak SfXoM, sola amissi Spes redditt^ <^ !" 



368 

true standard. Upon hearing this well-con-^ 
8$dered speedi, Dr. Jortin, (from whom I had 
this accouQt) immediately, on the spot, applied 
to Dr. Sykes, and both of them to some other 
worthy and judicious clergymen, then present, 
to join in a petition to their Diocesan, to publish 
his speech. They addressed his Lp. in a body 
(small as it was comparatively) ; and had this 
answer, ^That he thanked them for their re- 
spectful address, and would consider about this 
reqqest.'' Thus the matter ended. Dn Jenner 
told me, that the Bp. (in the opinion of most 
people) had altered his Will for the woi*se in his 
latter day3. He was impen^ely rich, ^/ 
[IM.Anec.S. 217.] 

Several original letters of the Bp*8. may be 
seen in Gent. Mag. 1790 pp. 293, 309, 591, 1792, 
1104, 1815, pt. 2, p. 483. The two following are 
selected. 

Tp Mr. Lloyd> a Welch Clergyman, 

" Temple, Nov. 5, 173.4. 
** I do assare yon, that I thought of yoa ani) your cirqim- 
f tances in Llanfrothen, before I received your letter. I will 
make it my request to the Bp. to provide ^ more comfortable 
being for yon : and, I hope, I shall be able to recommen4 
you to him with effect. It is a concern to me whenever I 
think on the state of the clern^y in the diocese which I am 
pow very soon to leave. I did what 1 could to help them, 
much leiss than I wished to do ; and am sensible I have left 
many worthy clergymen but meanly provided. I should have 
}eft more so, if I had not withstood great iniportonities for 



9e« 

th^ sake of tbose wbon I ja^^ge^ deMmi^{« I wUk Mt 4ir- 
gf^ yous and, though I leave the dioceeej yet» I bqpe* tht 
good opinion yon have given me reason to have of ycNij wiS 
not be altogether useless to yon. I am yonr kmnb. servt. 

Tmo. Bamgos.'* 

To Dr. Only. 

Temple, Feb. 1 U 17^9. 

'* Sir« I am obliged to yoi for oonniaaiGatiiig your fBfm 
to me^ relating to the prophecy of Danid^ and Uiat on te 
Psalms. YoQ have done justice to the thoi^hts I suggested 
to yon^ and I have no objection to the pubKcation of them: 
biit^ I ought to let you know^ bow hr I bad gone in this 
matter. Soon after the publication of my Tnimi of J V o p k 
q^, Mr. CoUins wrote a bookj and took potipe of what I hid 
said of the History of the Fall. I dfew up an answer at that 
time^ but did not publish it then> intending to add a disserts* 
tion to some new edition of my book. I have not yet does 
it> and may^ perhaps, have no time to do it> but I have Kit 
you a copy of what I have said on this piupbeey, wkk nois- 
tention to preyent your pmbUshiag yonr piece^ which I sn 
very willing you shall do. Your view is to explain the pro- 
phecy in general : mine, you see, is to shew how the prophecy 
at the fall was understood. 

^' I should say something • to the prophecy in the Ptefaii, 
but writing is uneasy to me. If you publisb yonr piece, yes 
shall be welcome to use, and you will do me great boaor to 
use any observations of mbe. I am> Sir^ with sincere regBd 
and res^iect for you^ your very aff^tionate brother^ and hsa- 
ble servant^ 

Tho. Lokdov.** 

Bp. Newton, in his own life,* observes, that 



« 6to. edit, vritb Pocock'fl> &c 2. 177. 



€€ 



Mie evwing in moversaticm at Mrs. Man- 
taga*i^ wiien Bp. Sherlock bad published bis 4tli 
voL of duoourseSy they were wishing that hfi 
v»iild give orders for his occasional sermons 
wImAi he had printed separately, to be collected 
into a vdnaie. Dr. Newton said upon it, that per# 
faafM Bp. Sherlock was of the same mind as Bp, 
Manningham. For when Dr. Tbo. Manningham, 
Ids soD^ who was afterwards prebendary of West- 
minster, applied to bim in the name of the book- 
flBDers, that they might have leave to collect inta 
a volume the different sermons whioh be had 
printed at different times, for there was a suffix 
cient number to make a volume ; the Bp. i»* 
^ied, ^^ prithee. Tarn, let them alone, theyUe 
qmet now; put them together, and th^ will 
fight.** This 4tb and last volume of his dis* 
coorses Bp. Sherlock was prevailed upon to pub- 
fiah at the request of his friend Gilbert West. 
Tlie Bp. was against publishing any more ser- 
mons, saying ^^ he was drawn to the dregs;** 
^ why then,** said Mr. West, ^^ let the ungodly of 
tibe earth drink them and suck them out.** Bp. 
&Hierk)ck*8 occasional sermons the booksellers 
have since collected into a separate volume, to 
which is prefixed a short and imperfect account 
ofbisUfe.'t 



+ TWf imperfectioB. wc tnut, is io ■omc degree auppGed in the 
pfteciit memoir.— SiKT. 



366 

Bp. Newton adds^ p. 178, that ^' Bp. Mom^ 
Sherlock's favorite chaplain^ is best able to do 
justice to the life and character of this emuneot 
prelate. He delivered something ot this kind m 
«t charge to the Clergy of the archdeaconry rf 
Colchester, and promised a 2d part, which the 
world has long wished for and expected fhn 
so masterly a writer.** 

Mr. Burdy, in his life of the Rev. PhiUp Skel- 
tony author of Deism revealed, has the follow- 
ing anecdote of Bp. Sherlock. ^^ A few months 
after its publication^ the Bp. of Clogher hap- 
pened to be in company with our Bp., ^o asked 
him if he knew the author of this book.-^^^ 
yes,** he answered carelessly, '^ he has been a cu- 
rate in my diocese near these 20 years.** '^ More 
shame for your Lordship,** replied Sherlock, /.' to 
let a man of his merit continue so long a curate 
in your diocese.**— Our Bp. kindly sent a mes- 
sage to inform Mr. Skelton, that he would pro- 
mote him in his diocese, if he would write a book 
upon Christian morals : but he had no oppor- 
tunity of bestowing his meditated patronage on 
him, as Skelton foolishly desired the messenger 
to ask his Lordship what objection he had to the 
old Whole Duty of Man. The Bishop sent him 
no answer.* 

Mr. Cumberland thus introduces our Bp. iotq 
his Memoirs of Himself, vol. 1. p. 180. " Bp. 



* SkeltOD*fl Life, So. 1816. p. 266. 2. 358. 



— ^ 



S67 

herlock was yet living, and resided in the pa* 
ice, (Fulham) but in the last stage of bodily de- 
%y. The ruins of that luminous and powerful 
and were still venerablet though his speech was 
(most unintelligible, and his features cruelly 
isarranged and distorted by the palsy ; still his 
enius was alive, and his judgment discrimina- 
ve ; for, it was in this lamentable state that he 
erformed the task of selecting sermons for the 
ist volume he committed to the press, and his 
igh reputation was in no respect lowered by the 
election. I had occasionally the honour of be- 
ng admitted to visit that great man, in company 
rith my father, to whom he was uniformly kind 
.nd gracious ; and in token of his fs^vor bestowed 
n him, a small prebend in the church of St. 
^ul, the only one that became vacant within 
lis time. Mrs. Sherlock was a truly respectable 
roman, and my mother enjoyed much of her 
ociety, till the bishop's death brought a succes- 
ior in his place.** 

Bp. Sherlock got a bill passed^ Jan. 11, 1749, 
*mpowering him to demise, or sell for the bene- 
it of th^ bp.ric, the episcopal palace in Alders- 
j^te Street, then in a ruinous condition. Gent. 
Mag. 1749. 100. 

Portraits. — ^There are two[ excellent portraits 
)f the Bp. after a fine picture of him by Vanloo, 
painted in 1740 ; one an engraving by Ravenet, 
the other a mezzotinto, by Mac-Ardell> in the 



968 

years )7$6 and 1767.---Zi^. Amt. 18 cnk. ml 
3. p. 217* 

^nM.~!Sherlook beinf the bsfc Bp. of Same 
in Richardson's ContiiiiiiitiQii df Gqdvin, a plMi 
of hia arms is giyen tbeDt, p. JKSL yw. Ilulf par- 
pale Ar. & Az* 3 flear de Ha oolmteMjluu^ped. nii 
is not in £din<msUxiQ^ wbo gifW the coat of 
Sherlock of Sorry, F^ pale Q, &S. 3 dKvnw 
counterchanged. 



10. JOHN GI13ERT, 

SucGEsaiT. A. D. 174d.— Teams, ai^ Ebob. A. D. 1737. 

ObiitA.D. 176i. 

This prelate was son of the Rev. Jobn Gilbert, 
who had been Fellow of Wadham College, Ox- 
ford, and who died vicar of St. Andrew^s, Hy- 
mouth, and canon of Exeter, 1722. Vide epiitfk 
infra. The place and date of the fip^. birth are 
unknown, as well as that of his early edacatkm. 
On the 1st Feb. 1717, I find him A. M. of Mer- 
ton College, Oxford; (Cat. Oxf. Orad.), where he 
occurs among the Merton Prelates p. 16. It is 
a singular fact, that no record occurs of any 
higher degi'ee, whence it may be presumed, diat 
he obtained his degree of D. D. from Lambetk 
[;' He was instituted Aug. 1. 1731; to the Vi-. 



«» 



fearage <ff Ashtrarton^ Devon ; collated Jan. 4. 
1722^ to a prebend in the Cathedral Church of 
Bft^cer. Elected June 4, 17SM, sub-dean of 
Exeter.*^ Installed in 1725^ Canon of Cfa. Ch. 
Onon. Wood. Hist. ^ Aniiq. Ox. 44& [""Elect- 
ad Dec. 27, 1726, Dean of Exeter, which dig- 
1^ he vacated Jan. 1740-1, on his promotion 
to the Bishoprick of Landaff, and was succeeded 
in it by Clarke.*] At Landaff he presided 8 
years, and in 1748-9, on the removal of Bishop 
Sherlock to London, he was translated to Sarum. 
Oazette, 1748, and Gent. Mag. eod. an. 573. 
In 1750, he was appointed clerk of the closet 
to his Majesty, in the room of Dr. Butler, then 
translated to Durham. Hist. Cath,ofFbrk. 2. I54« 
and in 1757, he was advanced to the archiepis- 
eopal see of York, (Gazette) in the room of Dr. 
Hutton^ and also appointed Lord High Al- 
moner. In these distinguished stations he con- 
tinued till the period of his death. ^^ He itither 
languished,*" says Rastall, in hig Hist, of South- 
welly p. 328, '^ than lived through a pontificate 
of 4 years, when he sunk into a complication of 
infirmities,** &c. 

He held the vicarage of Ashburton, with the 
chapels of Buckland^ and Bucklington, many 



• The Infonnation cimtaiiied lii tht nrb pistages betwcni invited 
cOBunat and bracicets, was furnished me by the Rev. Dr. Fisher, Canon 
of E^Kterj trom tht £ptMx>pal> 9aA otbtr records ^ere. 




270 

yeai*s, in cotnmeQdam ^th the Bishoprick of 
Laadaff. Gent. Mag. 1748 & 9. 

*' He held the Deanery of Exeter, and Cotmifjr 
of Ch. Ch. together.- Willis. Cathed: 2. ASS. 

He was several years Kingfs Chaphuo, and 
also Sub. Almo. at the time that Abp. BfauA* 
burne, filled the post ;of Lord A. Hist. CoA, 
Fork. York. 1770. 6\ vol. 2. 154. 

He succeeded Dr. Mawson, as Bp^ of Lan- 

daff. Richardson. Cantin. of Godwins Lives ^ 

the Bps. p. 616. " successit, Dec. 28, 1740." 

While possessed of that inconsiderable Bp.ric, 

besides the living of Ashburton, we find bim 

enabled to hold the canon ry of Ch. Ch. and the 

rectory of Peterjavy, Sussex. Gent. Mag. 1740. 

vide Index. 

Bp. Newton, in his Life of himself^ Loni 

1816^ vols. 8vo. published under the title of 
^^Uves of Pocockj PearcCy Newton and SkeUwl 
speaks in terms of regard and respect of Abp. 
Gilbert, who had been his friend and patroD. 
?^_^,^_He observes, xoL 4. p. 103. sq. " Abp. Gilbert, 
soon after his promotion, honored Dr. N. with a 
visit, as he had done several times before, and ia 
the kindest and most obliging manner, asked bis 
consent, that he might propose him to the King 
for sub-almoner ; he thought it a proper piece of 
respect, first to acquaint the King with his de- 
sign, and then, if the King approved, (and be 
doubted not of his approbation) he would ap- 



271 

nt him sub-almoner."* This was accordingly 
jcted, " But," proceeds the Bp. " Abp. 
.bert's fiivors did not stop here. Hie Abp. of 
»rk, is not a veiy good patron, but he gave 
Q one of the most valuable pieces of prefer- 
!nt in the Church of York, the Precentorship, 
ich he held till he was promoted to a Bp.rick^ 
[ewton was advanced from the Deanery of 
ram to the Bp.ric of Bristol, 1701. obiit 
32] and whenever he attended the Abp. to 
diocese, or to Tunbridge Wells, every thing 
s made as agreeable to him as possible in the 
nily, and he who had some appearance of 
^Mghtiness to others, was to him all civility and 
\rtesyj a kind friend, and a generous patron. 
Bp. Newton also relates an alteration in the 
fthod of confirming, introduced by this Prelate. 
le first proposed it to the clergy at Notting- 
m^ at his primary visitation, and upon their u- 
[limous approbation he put it in practice. This 
fi, instead ot going round the rail of the com-^ 
mion table, and laying his hands upon the 
ids of two or four persons held close together^ 
le learned Bishop does not seem aware, that 
s also is an irregular mode of confirming : the 
3ric says nothing of ^^ two or four persons,"*} and 
a low voice repeating the form of prayer over 
^m, he went round the whole rail at once, laid 
. hand upon the head of every person severally, 
d when he had gone through the whole, then 




he Avew back M the <;oiiiiMmiE)ii isXAt^ and bk 
as audibk and Boleitm a iowstaer as hetioollt' 
pfoBomiced the pibjinr oi'^er tfeem M. TMi 
had a wonderAil ^ect. The GlMg]f imd tfai 
i^eioiple ware stnek wHh tihe decency as madi ti 
with the novelty oT the oereHMm Jr. l%e cMAr» 
ations were performed ki kss timey imd wMb 
less trouble, wi^ more siieiioe atid s«leMBB(jr| 
and with more regularity and order. It &mk^ 
manded attention; it raised devotion; hmo- 
iiinch that several bishops since have adopted 
the same method.** — Life cfNewt&n^ 2, 108. 

Bat this new mode (^ confirming, however V- 
exceptionable in itself, is liaMe to Just ol]jeGtioB| 
as being tmauthori^^d by the rabtie ; and eonn- 
quently, irr^ular. In the Rubric, and the Qt 
fice of Confirmation, the Bishop is direcsted Mt 
only to ^^ lay his hand upon the head of emy 
one severally," but it is to be partionlarfy d^ 
Served, that the word * sayif^' is added, whicli 
from the grammatical construction, neoessarik 
implies an injunction to deliver what taXkm 
also, ' severally f and that this was ideally inewt 
by the compilers of our Liturgy, further appttn 
from the use of the singular number. ^ Defisid, 
O Lord, this thy child, (or this thy servant,)' fcc 
and not ** these thy children, or servants."*— £r 
Confirmation Service. Now the observance rf Ita 
Rubric being part of the law of the l&nd, tbtR 
<mght not to be the slightest* deviation fram k 



273 

, if an individual ecclesiastic^ faowevef 
t his rank in the ehnrch, is at liberty to dter 
one part of the church semce, be ifiay as^ 
le the siame power of altering any other part : 
then there is an end to discipline and Utii- 
nity; perhaps to sound doctrine also. £c- 
iastical innoyation, even though accompanied 
iecided improvement, ought in tu> instance 
ie permitted, without the concurrent sanction 
be Convocation, and the King in Parliament, 
his age of private judgment, it is notorious 
; iteny clergymen take upon them to omit 
Kng the Athanasian Creed at the times ap^ 
ited by the Rubric. Without entering into 
propriety or impropriety of that composition 
lAttg a part of our service, it must be evident, 
; an individual minister is not the proper 
je of its expediency. We are to obey the 
>ric : and if the Rubric were not designed in 
(visdom of our , venerable Reformers to promote 
brmity,— to stop the current of private judg- 
It, and to operate against individual innova- 
I, it would be difficult to assign a reason why it 
lived the sanction of the estates of the realm, 
.bp. Gilbert, while Bp. of Landaff, dedicated 
church at Hampstead, Oct. 8, 1747.— Ly- 
9 Environs, 2. 536. There is .an anecdote 
ted of this prelate, Gent. Mag. 1773, p. 438 
ch must not be omitted. While Bp. of Salis* 
fj he ^ had a great dispute with the mayor« 




274 

respecting the separate jurisdiction of the dtj 
and cathedral, refusing ,to allow the mace to be 
carried before his woi-ship in the church pie- 
cincts, and once he had actually a kind of scuf- 
fle with the mace^besurer. Soon afterward^ the 
judge of assise, I think Baron Smytbe, hmg 
applied to by the cook at a cuxsuit dinn^, tQ 
know if his liOrdship chose any particular didi^ 
replied no ; but as he heai*d the Bp. was to 6m 
with him, he desired if there was any soupy tber^ 
might be no mace in it, as the Bp. did not love 
mace. The same anecdote occurs in Noble, G» 
tkmatian of Granger ^ vol. 3. p. 199^ imder tbr 
article Sir Jeffery Gilbert, Baron of the Exche* 
quer in Ireland, [the person who introduced tbf 
act called by his name.] Noble says the maor 
overcame the crozier.«<i<-Qu8ere. 

Abp. Gilbert married Margaret Sha:TiTd, «ster 
of Philip, who succeeded as 2d Earl of Har- 
borough, and aunt of Bennet, 3d Elarl, and of 
Robert, in holy orders, 4th Earl, canon ai Sa- 
ruin, which Robert was grandfather of the pre- 
sent Earl (1824.) Mrs Gilbert was daughter of 
Bennet Sherard, Esq. by Dorothy, daughter of 
(Lord Fairfax, which Bennet was son of the Hpn. 
Philip Sherard, 2d son of William, 1st Loc4 
8herai*d of Leitrim, so created 1627. I ha?e 
not asceilmned the period of Mrs. Gilberfg 
death, but it took place many years before that 
^of her husband. Their only issue was Emiut 



275 

who^ married Aug. 6^ 1761^ George, 3d Lord 
JSdgcumbe, and was mother of the present Earl 
of Mount Edgcumbe. The late peer was raised 
to the viscounty of Edgcumbe and Valletort, in 
178 1 , and to the Earldom in 1 789. Lord Mount 
Edgcumbe died Feb. 4, 1795, and his Countess 
Dec. 26, 1807, leaving issue an only son, Kiclti- 
ard, present (1824) and 2d Earl^ bom Sept. 14, 
1764. The following extract from the parish re- 
l^ter of Twickenham is copied from Lyson*8 
Emnrons of London, vol. 3, p. 598. ^^ The Right 
Hon. George Lord Edgcumbe, batchelor, and 
Emma Gilbert, the natural and lawful daughter 
of the most Rev. His Grace John Gilbert, Lord 
Abp. of York, a spinster, were married in the 
liouse of the said Lord Abp., her father, at Twick* 
^h^m, in the county of Middlesex, by special 
license of tlje Abp. of Canterbuiy, on Thursday, 
^ug. 6, 1761.** Mr. Lysons adds, Abp. Gilbert 
.died at Twickenham about 3 days after the mar* 
riage of his daughter. 

The Abp. was buried in the vault of Gros- 
.lienor chapel, in South Audley Street, London. 
There is no monument to his memory, but his 
coffin was found there on the death of Emma, 
Xlouiitess of Mount Edgcumbe, his daughter, 
who requested to be deposited by the side of her 
&ther, for whom she always entertained the 
Inghest respect and veneration. 

IPitt.— The Abp's. wHl is dated Feb. 14, 1 759, 

s2 



^.. 



276 

and was proved Aug. 18, 1761. He leaves fiW 
daughter Emma sole executrix. The Rev. R. 
Sherard, his brother-in-law, afterwards 4th Eari 
of Harborough, is a subscribing witness, llie 
Abp. appeai-s not to have saved much of his ec- 
clesiastical revenues ; he inerely leaves a \egsicj 
of £100 to his brother Robert, D. D. ; the like 
sum to his sister Emma, wife of Philip Waltotft, 
D.D. and £1000 in trust, the interest of which is 
to pay an annuity to bis faithful noi^e, &c. He 
desires, that if he die^ near London, he may be 
buried by his late wife, in the chapel in ^otb 
Audley Street ; but, if at York, among his pre- 
decessors, the Archbishops ; add in that cas^ his 
wife's body to be removed. 

I am not aware of any publications of the 
Abp., but a volume of sermons by his father, 
the vicar of St. Andrew's, Plymouth, &c. is ex- 
tant. 

Portraits. — There is a portrait of the Abp. «t 

Mount Edgcumbe, Devon,- (the beautiful seat of 
his grandson, the Earl of Mount Edgtnimbe,) as 
Bp. of Salisbury, in the mantle of the order of 
the Garter, and with the purse, as Chancellor of 
that order. The painter's name is not koowii; 
it represents him as a handsome man in the 
prime of life. The Earl has also a pict4ife cf 
Mrs. Gilbert, neither, it is believed, were cwr 
engraved. Tbei*e is another portrait of the Bp. is 
vheHall,at Christ Church, Oxford/ as having been 



277 

.^anon. It appeal's to have been done at a later 
leriodof bis life^ than that in Lord M's. possession, 
niere is also in the great room in the palace at 
ialisbury, a portrait of him in his Garter robes, 
late 1748. 

. Fi/Lmihf Notices. — Gilbert, in his Hist, Corn-- 
wU, vol. 2. p. 119. says, that the Abp. was of 
be pld family of the Gilberts, in the counties of 
'ornwall and Devon, but he does not undertake 
> prove his descent. The Gilberts of Plymouth, 
nder whom he places the Bishop, bore G. an 
rmed leg couped at the tlugh, in pale, between 
¥o broken speai*s, Arg. headed O. which arms 
re totally different from those borne by the 
th^r Gilberts (see plate xiv.) Our author ad- 
lits this difference, but adds, ^^ it is generally 
elieved, that they were originally descended 
t>pi the same stock.** Hichardson, in the plate, 
t t^e md of his account of the Bps. of Landaff, 
p. 616) assigns the above coat to the Bp. but 
mits the colour of the field. Edmondstone 
ives the above as the coat of Gilbert of Thirst- 
igton,. Leicester, and of Perbyshire. The field 
; S. Those of Lockoe, co. Derby, ^ve Q. I 
ave already noticed, that the Abp. was son of 
ie Rev. John Gilbert, Vicar of St. Andrew's, 
lymouth, and Canon of Exeter. Gilbert, the 
istorian of Cornwall, as well as Noble, and 
thers who have noticed the former^ seem ig- 
praot of this circumstance. 




278 

In the Church of St. Andrai^, Plymouth, then? 
is an elegant monoment, compoised of white 
marble, in memoi*y of the Archbishop's &tfaer, 
the Rev. John Gilbert, charged on the top wHb 
the bast of the deceased, dressed in a periwig; 
and his canonical robes. The lower part dis- 
plays a beautiful representation of the resorrec- 
tion, and in the centre, is the following inscrip- 
tion : 

'' Joes Gilbert olim Coll : Wadbam 

in Oxon Socius et A. M. 

Nuper bnjus Eccles : Vicarins 

et St. Peter in Exon Canonicos 

Residentiarius, Laboribiis Lassatus 

Obiit Anno iEtat susb 85 

Anno Domini, 1722. 

Et hie jaeet sepaltas. 

Mrs. AUice Gilbert, departed tbid IMe, tbe 20tli Febr«ry« 
1 740, and her sister, Mrs. Emma GiH)ert, the 28th Blcf , 
1750, daughters of the Canon, by whom this monument wis 
erected.** Gilbert. Hut. Comw. \ol. 2. p. 119. 

Bp Gilbert had 3 sisters and 2 brothers. Of 
the brothers, Robert was a Canon of Sanun, 
and possessed many other preferments. Obiit 
Nov. 30. 1776, having survived the Abp. 15 
years. This Robert left a daughter, Mrs. Grant, 
who died long since. The other brother left a 
daughter, who ob. ccel. Of the sisters Emma 
married the Rev. Philip Walton, in 1755. The 
other two died unmanied at an advanced age, 
at Putney, where they resided. The Abp's 
mother died in 1758, three years before her son. 

John Gilbert, father of the Bp. occurs thus 
in Noble, Cantinuation of Granger^ vol. 2. p. 



279 

118. " John Gilbert, Prebendary of Exeter— 
G. Gandy. p. Vertue sc. prefixed to his ^^ JDiV 
cmarses^ 1714. 8*. Probably,** continues Noble, 
'" John Gilbert, of Hart Hall, Oxford, Who re- 
ceived the degree of A. M. June 24. 1680* Hfe 
was, (aeeoi-ding to Wood) a Minister at Peter- 
borough, and author of ^' An Answer to the Bp. 
cf Meaux^s Exposition of t/te Catholic Faith^ 
in which the errors of the Romish Church, are 
detected, and the doctrines of the Church of 
England vindicated ; to which is added, '^ Re- 
flections on his Pastoral Letter J" In the Cata- 
logue of Vertue's works, he is styled, '* John 
GSlbeit, Canon of Exeter.** Noble asks, if 
Baron Gilbert and the Bp. were related ? Prob- 
ably not^or distantly. 

The following pedigree will shew the relation- 
diip existing between the noble fomilies of Sher- 
ard and Edgcumbe. Wright^s Hist, of Rut- 
land. Lond. foU 1684. p. 121. and Collinses 
Peerage, 4. 366. are the authorities whence it is 
eompiled. 




Bir WiUm gbmrA at a t t- Y ^ y ip q, dn. of CmU Cmc, 
iJefor^.o). LekHtrr, IBtbln CO. NtJrtla— "- ' *- 



lam W. Cooq- w«i mmtcd, 
too, BuoD Sberanl of Ld- 
Vim. ot. 16*0 



pfiillpof sfMHpm, 
WhiuoodiDe widow of 



iDonMkf. dMi. 
otHtarjUirA 
FiiiCu 



W'*^**"')-*Si,?^fS, 



iUrwery;JoB> Oium 

1 Bp. Lumir, 

[Abp.& 

:.tf>C>tbe EmmKUJb. 
h J Heam, Bdf- 

■ I of Saram I OMC 

RictaidpramkH 



oA. (. p. In botj Olden 



CoUios states, that " Benoet Sherardcrf'Wbii- 
seodine, Esq. eldest sod and bar of Philip, vh 
a member of the CoDTention Parliament fi}r the 
county of Rutland, as also in the two sncceed- 
iog Parliaiiients in the reign of King WiUiaiD, 
and died 1701. He married Dorothy, dacghter 
of Henry Lord Fairfax, widow or Robert Sia- 
pylton of Wighill, Esq., and by her, who died 
January 14, 1744-5, had issue 4 sons and 6 
daughters, whereof only 4 survived hint, viz. 
Margaret, who married to Dr. John Gilbert, who 
was then dean of Exeter, afterwards successively 
Bishop of Landaff and Salisbury, and died Abp. 
of York in 1761 . — Philip, who succeeded as £ul 
of Harborougb, SiC. — Peerage, vol. 4. p. 366. 



k 



281 

I am indebted to the Earl of Mount Edg- 
cumbe, for much of the information contained 
in the preceding memoirs. 



11. JOHN THOMAS the Ist* 

SixcofissiT A. D. 1757. — ^Trans. ad Wint. A. D. 1761. 

Obiit A. D. 1781. 

[f ^^ Bishop Thomas was the son of a colonel 
in the aimy, and was born August 17, 1696. 
His &ther, in early life, formed a friendship with 
a man of large fortune, who had in his patron- 
age a valuable living. This he promised to give 
to his friend's son. Mr. Thomas was therefore 
bred to the church, but his father died before he 
was of age to take holy orders. When the liv* 



. *. It becomes oeceasary thus ta distinguiBh this Prelate, because there 
unere' tkne co»tH»