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113. 



^ ss 





1^- 1- 



lo 



N 




THE 



MAP OF EUROPE BY TREATY; 



tUUWlMG TUK VAAIOU* 



POLITICAL AND TERRITORIAL CHANGES 



WUICU HAVE TLKMSt FLACt 



SINCE THE GENERAL PEACE OF 1814. 



(Xailfe l^mntMus ilajrs ani gstts. 



Vol. I. 



' SxeXiUb lKJilTA>T ANIMOH DJfMltMA i'JKK .iD 
QUAH i^VM SUNT UCULI3 8UBJECTA FIDELJUtS."— 



^■■'■0 




BY EDWAKJJ HEKTSLET, C.B., 

LIBUAUIAII AND KKEPEK uF TH£ IfAi'lilU, FOKEION OVVICE. 



LONDON : 

BUTTEEW0KTH8, 7, FLEET STEEEl, 
lafD ^ublifbns to tbe Qtum'i iKof t ExctlUnt iXsjettB. 

HABBISON, 59, Pi!ViL MALL, 

JSoofcicUcT to ti)e Qttttn anH |l|.tt.fK. tht Vxinct of OUIn. 

1876. 
iAll RighU rMerced,] 



CONTENTS. 



TAGS 

Preface v 



'^n 



Table of CoxrExxs to V^ols. I, If, axd III .. xiii 

Vol. I. Nos. 1—137 1814—1827 1— 77r. 

„ II. Nos. 138—356 1828—1863 777—1588 

„ in. Nos. 357— 451 1864—1875 1589—1976 

Appexdix 1977—2074 

List op Treaties, &z., betwefa' Threat Bi\itain 
and Foreign Powers, for the Maixtexance 
OF the Peace of Europe and for the 
Settlement of European Questions. 

1814—1875 2075—2100 

Index 2101 



For LIST OF MAPS sec next page. 



lommh: 

BAUMOM AKD tOM, rUMmfl Dl OEDUIAftT To HSl MAiBfTl 
R. MAmir*! LAIfB. 



LIST OF MAPS 

TO TLLUSTBATE Til E FOLLOWIXO TREATIES. 



Nanio of 




DatoofTnaty or 


No. of 


Facliifr 


ilituntrj, riatv, 
Ac. 




olhiT Dwiuui-nt 


Treaty. 


Page. 


Alsace . . 


And Lorraine . . 


20 Feb.. 1871 


438 


j 1962 






10 May. 1871 


416 


Austria 


And Italy. Sec Aiirjtria and 
1 Sardinia. 








Say of Jahdo. . 


1 .. 


20 Julv. 1S53 


233 


}iG3l' 






1 IW., 1S53 


2:<6 


Bessarabian . . 


rrontiiM* 


30 Mar.. 185G 


26 i 


' 


»» • • 


J. 


6 Jan., 1857 


277 


Usoi^ 




,, 


19 Juno, 18r>7 


282 




«• . • 


,, 


11 April. 1857 


280 


1314 


., 


li.uiidarv iis in 1S20. tnid n«» 










idtei't'd in lS.'3(>-57 


lOJuiM. isr,7 


282 


1322 


Cracow 


' 


OJunr, isl.-, 


27 


21H 


Dalmatla 


i^IoiilliBof the Cattaro, former 
Hepublicx)f Bogusa, &c. 
Austrian Possessions. 
(Also Turkish District* 










of Klock and Sutorina) 


9 June, 1815 


27 


262 


I>eiiiiiark 


See Ilolstcin, Schleswig, and 
Lauenburg. 








Danube 


Delta 


30Mar.,18r)(> 


264 


* 


>» • • 


>♦ 


G Jan., 1857 


277 


.1300 


»» • • 




11 April, 1857 


280 


»» 


>.' 


19 June. 1857 


282 




Burope. . 


Inlhir. 


9 June. 1815 


27 


274 


»» • • 


In 187.') 







1976 


Prance.. 


Boundary nsi in 171)2, con- 
firiiu'tl, with modifica- 










tions 


30 May, 1814 


1 


28 


>• • • 


., as in 1790, con- 
firmed, with modifica- 










tions 


20 Not., 1815 


40 


35(f 


»» 


And Belgium 


30 May, 1811 


1 


28 


>» • • 


,, 


20^07., 1815 


40 


85C^ 


>i • • 


And Italy. Sco France and 










Sardinia. 








ft • • 


And Germany 


30 Mar, 1814 


1 


28 


>i * • • 


' ^j 


20 Nov., 1815 


40 


350 


»» • • 


t* 


23 Oct., 1829 


14S 


810 


j» 




26 Feb., 1871 


438 


|l962 


»• 


>» 


10 May, 1871 


416 


f » • • 


And Prussiii. Sec Froncc 










and Germany. 








" e 


And Sardini.i 


30 Mar, 1811 


1 


2.H 




20 Not., 1815 


40 


350 


»♦ • • 


Sec also Nice. 








j» • • 


And Spain 


12 Not.. IfiCO 


Appendix 


»» • • 


»» 


2 Dec., 1856 


275 


1295 


>t • • 


it 


U Apr., 1862 
26 May. 18G6 


336 


»» 




373 




» • • 


It 


11 July, 18GH 


411 




99 • • 


And SwitzerUnd .. 


30 May, 18U 


1 


28 


»» • • 


99 


20Kor.,1815 


40 


350 


Ov6ooe • • 


And Turkey .. 


21 July, 1832 


161 


908 



LIST OF 31APS. 



Suae of I 




iro. of 



rftddc 



>> 
Hice 

» 
Poland . . 



1. 



Sussia 

if 
>> 

flftToy 

»» 

Sohleswiff 

SUesia 

>» 

If 

Tyrol .. 



Tall^ dec 

Bappo* 
▼onioo. . 
Urallaohia 



DucliT , 



DucLy . H 
Duoby .< 



Mpdnin. Purmu, mid Tuscan ir 
Gmiul Puf-jy - - 

An(t Turkcv . . * , 



' And Sirdinia . . 
I And Kmncc . . 



Ducliv of Warsaw 



Qrand Duchv . . 

And Turkeyin Europe. 3w 

Bessarabia. 
And Turkey in Asia . . 

And France . . 

CbabhuB and Faueigfiiy 

Duchy 

1} 
And Poland . . 



And^Vorarlberg 



France and Switzerlund 

See Lombardy. 

Flag 



SO Oct., ]»rf4 
II Aug, 1^03 
30 Oi^,, 1801 

II Aug., IftflS 
19 Apr , 1833 

loyoT, IS50 

23Au|./lH.'»fi 

3 Oct., iHSti 
2HNuT., iHii 

4 Oct., lHt7 
9 riec., IH17 

III Aiir.» laai* 

7NoT.,lRl7 
2 t\b„ 1H61 

8 Xnv., 185H 
26 Oct., IHGfi 

7Nov., 1H17 

SlMur.vlHTKJ 

2 Feb., ISrU 

7 Mar., 18(51 

9 June, 1815 
4 Mar., 1835 

18 Dec., ia36 
9 June, 1815 



30 Mar., 1856 
5 Dec., 1857 
80 May, 1814 
20XoT., 1815 
24 Mar.. 1860 

7 Mar., 1861 
80 Oct., 1864 
14 Aug., 1865 

9 June, 1815 

11 Nov., 1817 

4 Mar., 1835 

13 Dec, 1836 

8 June, 1814 

14 April, 1816 
80 Jan., 1814 

8 Dec, 1862 

19 Aug., 1858 



367 

870 

367 

37U 
183— 

185 
301— 
303 

388 

303 

200 

306 

wm 

183^ 
185 
7*S 
3KH 

400 

76 

313 

I 328 

i 329 

I 27 

175 

180 

27 



264 

288 

1 

40 

818 

829 

867 

370 

27 

77 

176 

180 

*2 

53 

197 

339 

28flr 



1682 
1682 

i^l7SS 
lOOO 



»lUii 



^1324 

28 
350 

1480 
1682 

^ 218 

442 

1526 
1846 



« 2 



ERRATA. VOL. I. 



634 
635 
705, for Januftry read June. 



^^ Vfor Hease-OMsel read Prussia. 
635 J 



rJ^}- 1 ^'^ 



c*)ai 



Page 37, line 4, for King road Prince Sovereign. 

„ 42, line 1, for 3 Aug. read 13 Aug. 

„ 129, for 1092 read 1029. 

„ 140, Art. XII., for circus read circle, 

„ 164, line 7, for Saxony read Saroj. 

„ 222, line 15, for rig\t line read straight line. 

„ 242, for 1816 read 1815. - ^ 

„ 244, last line but 4, for ItU June rcaid litU June. ^^ 

„ 267, last line but 4, for CII read IV. :^ 

„ 290, 1st Une, for 18 June, 1815, No. 29, read 1814—1815, No. 30. 

„ 342, last line but 15, for Treaty read Trinity. 

„ 344^ line 9, for accept read except. 

„ 346, last line, for Netherlands read Prussia. 

„ 350, for No. 8 read No. 7. 

„ 423, last line but 2, for HgH line read straight line. 

„ 441, last line but 4^ Berohtolds-gaben read Berchtesgaben. 




PREPACK. 



Is presenting to the Public a Work with so compre- 
hengive a Title as that of *' The Map OF EUROPE BY 
Treaty, from 1814 to 1875," I feel that a brief explana- 
tion is required, both as to its precise object and the Plan 
iipon whicli it lias been compiled. Its object is to show 
the Changes whicli, by Treaty or otlier International 
Airangements, have taken place in Europe within this 
period. The work is intended to bring together in a 
collected forni the vanous Documents that have given 
Treaty sanction to these Territorial Changes, and which, 
in defining in this manner the Landmarks of Europe, 
constitute the Title Deeds of the European Family. 

The Documents are arranged throughout the entire 
work in chronological order ; each Paper has a distinctive 
Number; and where references are made in one Docu- 
ment to a previous one, the Nmnber is refeiTcd to, and 
not the date; but where subsequent Documents are 
referred to in the Notes, the Dates are given, and not 
the numbers, as it was found impossible to fix beforehand 
what the number of each Paper would be. 

Each Treaty is preceded by a Table of Contents to 
the subjects contained therein ; and each Article has a 
descriptive heading ; whilst a sub-heading at the top of 
each page is given to denote the subject of the Document, 
or the name by which the Treaty is generally known. 

With the view of avoiding the insertion of uimecessary 
matter, the purport only is given of the clauses of Treaties 
where the details are of no European interest. 

Vol. I. embraces the period fro3I 1814 to 1827 ; 
and contains, among other Important Documents : 



VUi PREFACE. 

The Annexation of Savoy and Nice to France, in 1860. 

The Pacification of Syi-ia, in 1860. 

The Annexation of Tuscany, Moduna, Naples, Sicily, 
Romagna, Parma, &c., to Sardinia, in 1860. 

The Formation of the Kingdom of Italy, in 1861. 

The Cession of Mentone and Koccabruna to Franco, in 
1861. 

The Withdrawal of the British Protectorate over the 
Ionian Islands, in 1863. 

The Termination of the Bavarian Order of Succession ii) 
the Throne of Greece, an<l the recognition of tin* 
Danish Order of Succession to the Throne of that 
Kingdom, in 1863. 

The Redemption of the Scheldt Toll, and 

The proposed assembly of a European Congi-ess for tin- 
preservation of the Peace of Europe, in 1863. 



Vol. III. EMBRACES THE PERIOD FROM 1864 TO THE 
PRESENT DATE, 1875, 

and contains the Treaties and other Documents relating 
to: 

The Union of the Ionian Islands to Greece, in 1864. 

The Amelioration of the condition of the Wounded, in 
War, m 1864. 

The Conferences in London relative to the War between 
Austria, Prussia, and Denmark, in 1864. 

The Convention of Vienna, of 1864, and of Gasteiu, of 
1865, relative to tlie DachifS of Schleswig and 
Holstein. 

The Union of the rniicipahtics of Moldavia and Wallachia. 
in 1864 and 1866. 

The War between Austria and Prussia, in 1866. 

Till- Treaty of Peace of Prague, of 23rd August, 1866, and 
of Vienna, of 3rd October, 1866, by which the Lom- 
bard o-Venetian Kingdom was ceded to Italv. 



PREPACK. ix 

The Annexcition of Hanover, Ilesse-Cassel, Nasaaii, Frank- 
fort, Ilolstein, ISchle«^^^g, Walileck, &r., to PniRHia, in 
1866. 

The Dissolution of the Germanic Confederation, in 1866, 
the formation of the North Gennan Confederation, in 
1867, and of the German Empire, in 1871. 

The Luxemburg Treaty of 11th May, 1867. 

The Declaration with regard to the non-use of Explosive 
Projectiles dming War, of 1868. 

The War between France and (lermany, hi 1870-71. 
and the Treaties of Peace, by which AWce and 
Lorraine were reunited to Germany. 

The Abrogjition hi 1871 of the Black Sea Clauses c»f the 
Treaty of Paris, of 1856. 

The Final Protocol of thf^ Bnissels Conference, of 1H74; 
and 

The Proposals for reopening the Conferences, in 1875, 
which were declined by the British Government. 

That these Engagements have been contracted, in 
many instances, with the avowed object of maint^inmg 
the Balance of Power in Eiurope, may be readily tested 
by referring to the Index under that heading. 

Many of them have been preceded or followed by 
European Conferences, and full descriptions are given of 
what passed at the deUberations of the most important 
of them mider their respective dates, with a reference to 
the volumes of the ** State Papers" inwliich the Protocol 
themflft»lves an-IU be found. 

Declarations of War are also mserted, as well as 
Treaties for the European Guarantee of the Indepen- 
dence and Neutr^vlity of certain States, also Decrees 
annexing Territories, and Protests of the Possessors 
against such Annexations. As the Vienna Congress 
Treaty of 1815 is not unfrequently referred to in such 
Protests, a reference is given in the Index, under the 



X PREFACE. 

lieading" of *' Vieuiri Congress Treaty/' to every iiifltance 
in Avlncli a reference has been made to that Treaty m sub- 
sequent European Documents. 

In order to add to the usefulness of the Work, and to 
make the Boundary Treaties really intelligible, Maps have 
been prepared and inserted, showing the Boimdaries 
between the Principal States of Europe. In cases in which 
such Maps have been laid before Parliament A^th the 
Treaties, they have been reduced hi size, to avoid the 
inconvenience of unfolding, and have been inserted m the 
volumes after the Treaties. General Maps of the same 
description have also been added, showing the status of 
Europe in 1815 and in 1875. 

The entire Work is published in English. In cases in 
which the Treaties and other Documents have been laid 
before Parliament with English Translations, those 
Translations have been generally adopted, but in cases in 
which they have not been communicated to Parliament, 
Translations from the original language have been care- 
fully made, and m all cases in \vhich the Document has 
been inserted in the '• State Papers," in the French lan- 
guage, a foot note is attached, giving a reference to the 
voliune in which a copy of it is to be foimd. 

The Treaty of Ghent of 1814 is inserted in order to 
show the terms upon which Peace was concluded with the 
United States of America after the French Revolutionaiy 
War ; but it has not been thought necessary to insert the 
Treaties alluded to therein, or those which have been con- 
tracted w^ith that country since that date, and consequent 
thereon. 

In the Appendix will bo found Copies of or Extracts 
from Treaties which were concluded prior to 1814, but 
which are alluded to in the body of the Work as being still 
in force, as well as a reference to the volumes of '* State 
Papers," in which will be found extracts from and refer- 
ences to other Documents, which it was not thought neces- 



PREFACE. XI 

sai-y to insert in the body of the Work in their order of 
ilate. 

The Index, which forms an important feature in the 
Work, and is prepared upon an entirely new Plan, gives 
full reference to EVERY Na^ee as well as to EVERY SUBJECT 
mentioned in the several Treaties or other International 
Documents contained in the entire Work. 

In conclusion, I can only repeat that the object aimed 
at in this Work has been to enable the Statesman and 
the Student, but especially the English Statesman and 
the Enghsh Student, to ascertain accurately the Changes 
that have taken place by Treaty in Europe since 1814, and 
how these Changes have been brought about. With this 
view the necessary Documents are given in Thi*ee Volumes 
in a complete and connected form. Hitherto, in order to 
obtain this infoimation, it has been necessaiy to consult 
collections of Treaties in many instances published abroad 
and not easily accessible in England ; or to refer to Blue 
Books laid before ParUament, to the " State Papers," or to 
accounts of these events contained in Treatises on Inter- 
national Law or International Questions, and other Works. 

I am well aware that a Work such as this must, ui some 
measiu-e, be incomplete. Some Documents of little prac- 
tical value have been omitted ; but every important State 
Paper relating to the transactions refen'ed to, will be 
found recorded in these pages. 

No pains have been spared to secure accuracy, and the 
willing labour of my leisure hours duiiug many years has 
been given to make *' The Map of Europe by Treaty " a 
complete and satisfactory Work. 

For the selection of the Papers, the coiTcctness of the 
Translations, and the accuracy of the Maps and Notes, I 
am solely responsible. 

EDWARD HERTSLET. 

Foreign Office^ 

August^ 1875. 



XIV CONTEXTS. VOL. I. 

No. 1815. PAOi 

12 3rd May. Treaty between Austria and Rusnia. Poland. (Vienna.) 94 

13 3rd May. Treaty between Prussia and Russia. Poland. (Vienna ) 105 

14 3rd May. Additional Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Russia. 

Craeow. (Vienna.) 120 

15 3rd May. Constitution of Cracow. (Vienna.) 127 

16 18th May. Territorial Treaty between Austria, Prussia, Russia, and 

Saxony. (Vienna.) 134 

Accession of Great Britain to ditto (18th September) . . . 146 
17, .... 18th May. Declaration between Prussia and Saxony. House of 

Sclionburg. (Vienna.) 147 

Acceptance of ditto by the 5 Powers (29th May) 14B 

18 19th May. Treaty between Qreat Britain, Netherlands, &c. Bussian 

Dutch Loan. (London.) UB 

19 20th May. Territorial Treaty between Austria, Pruasia, Buana, and 

Sardinia. Union of Genoa to Sardinia. Sardinian 

Cessions to Genera. (Vienna.) 156 

90 27th May. Act of Acceptance by Switzerhuid of the Beolaxmtion of 

the 8 Powers of 26th March, 1815. (Zurich.) 170 

* .... 28th May. Territorial Convention between Austria, Bavaria, and 

Prussia. (Kreuznach.) 

21. • • • . 29th May. Territorial Conrention between Hanorer and Prussia. 

(Vienna.) 173 

22 31st May. Treaty of Union between Belgium and Holland. 

fV'ienna.) 179 

23 31st May. Territorial Convention between Nassau and Prussia. 

CV^ienna.) 183 

* . . . . 31st May. Separate and Secret Article between Nassau and Prussia. 

Territorial. fVienna.) 

24. .... 1st June. Territorial C'onvention between Prussia and Saxo-Weimar. 

(Vienna.) 192 

25 4th June. Territorial Treaty between Denmark and Prussia, 

Pomerania, Lauenburg, &c. (Vienna.) 195 

* .... 7th June. Territorial Treaty between Prussia and Sweden. 

(Vienna.) 

26 8th June. Federative Constitution of Germany. (Vienna.) 200 

. . . 9th June. Final Act of Congress of Vienna. (Vienna.) 208 

28 10th June. Territorial Convention between Austria, Prussia, &c. 

Westphalia, &c. (Vienna.) 278 

* .... 12th June. Territorial Convention between Austria and Prussia. 

(Vienna.) 

20 18th June. Protocol. Protests of the Pope against certain clausee 

in Treaties of 1814 and 1815. (A'ienna.) 283 

80 Sept., 18141 Protocols of Conferences between 8 Powers. Congress 

— June, 1815. J of Vienna 1 286 

31 2Gth July. Protocol between Great Britain, Austria, &c. Slave 

Trade. (Paris.) 294 

* See Appendix. 



Mo. 



OA 


33 


34. .... 


35 


^-^ 


37. .... 


• .. .. 


38. .... 


39 


-•-iO 


41 


42. .... 


43 


44. ... 


45 



1815. 

12th Aug. 
loth Srpt 
22nd Sept. 
28rd Sept. 
26th Sept. 

16th Oct. 
16th Oct. 
3ra Nov. 

5th Not. 
20th Nor. 

20th Nov. 
20th Nov. 
20th Nor. 
20th Nor. 
20th Nor. 



46... 


.. 20th Nor. 


47. .. 


.. 20th Nor. 


48. .. 


.. 21st Nor. 


49. .. 


.. 24th July 
—21st Not. 



CONTENTS. VOL. I. xv 

PACK 

CouTGfition between Great Britaiu and NetherUnd*. 

Dcmcrara, &.c. (London.) 2^ 

IVrritoriul Treaty between France and Sardinia. Lower 
Siivoy. (Paris.) 803 

Territorial Conrcntion between Pruteiaand Saxe- Weimar. 

{VnrW.) 306 

Territorial Treaty between Hanorer and Prussia. Lauen* 

burg, Sec. (Pnrie.) 313 

Holy Alliawc? between Austria, PruMiu, and Bussia. 

(Pari:?.) 317 

Invitation to Prince Regent of Great Britain to accede 

tiiorelo ; and Ilcplr 31D 

Territorial Treaty between Pniwia and He^se-Cassel. 

(Ca.sscl.) : 321 

Territorial Treaty botwoen Prussia and HesBc-Rot hen- 
burg. 'Cassel.) 

Protocol between the 4 Powers. Territorial Arrange- 
ment;*. Defence of the Netherlands, Switzerland, 
Germany, duc ' 826 

Treaty between Chrcat Britain, Austria, &c. (5 Powers) . 

Ionian Islands. (Paris.) 8$7 

Definitire Treaty of Peace between the Allies and France. 

(Puris.) 842 

Additional Article. Slare Trade 850 

Convention between Great Britain and France. Pecu- 
niary Indemnity to Allies. (Paris.) 861 

Conrcntion between Great Britain, &c., and France. 

Military Occupation of France. (Paris.) 866 

Act. Groat Britain, Austria, A'c. Neutrality of Switzer- 
land and Parts of Saroy. (Paris.) 370 

Treaty of Alliance between Groat Britain, Austria, 

Prussia, and Russia. Peace of Europe. (Paris.) .... 87S 

Convention between Great Britain, &c., and France. 

Private Claims of Subjects of Allied Powers. (Paris.) 376 

Additional Article. Claims of Count:* of Benthcim and 

Steinfurth 396 

Separate Article. Franci and Russia. Duchy of Warsaw. 897 

Convention between Great Britain and France. Claims of 

British Subjects. (Paris.) 896 

Additional Article. Bordeaux Claims 410 

Note from Allied Ministers to Franco. Pence of Europe. 

(Paris.) 411 

Protocol between the 5 Powers. Fortifications of Nether-' 

lands, Germany, and Saroy 412 

} Protocols between Austria, France, &c. Territorial Ar- 
rusgements of Europe 414 

• See Appendix. 



xriii COXTENT.-r. VOL. L 

No. 1819. PAGE 

9L .. 2Mtii ApnL Act of Batificmtion bj the Saltan of the Cescioik bf ttttr 
Ionian IfllancU to Great Britain, and of Pu^ to Tur- 
kej. (Constantinople.) 57:* 

92. - . 21jt Mar. Territonal Trcatj betiv^en Prosoa and Me-.^kle-^lurg- 

Strriitz. (Berim.) 58:^ 

93. • • ICrth JoIt. Territorial ConrAion betirecn Austria and Baden. 

(Frankfort.) 58 i 

94. •. 10th Jolj. Treat V between Great Britain, &e. (4 Pover^^ and 

Baden. Grand Dncbj of Baden. (Frankfort.) 586 

95. .. 30th Jul/. General Treatj (Bec^ General) between Great Britain. 

* Austria,Ac. 4 Powers. (Fiankfint.) 589 

96. •• 2Sth Aug. Boundary Conrention between Pru««ia and Saxoiij. 

(Dresden.) .'. 616 

'97. . . 27th Oct. Protocol. Austria and Baden. Wertheim. (AjcfaafFei.- 

burg.) 622 

98. .. 27th Oct. Protocol Austria and Bararia. Wertheim. (Asckif- 

fenburg.) G22 

1820. 

99. .. 28th Mar. Boundary Treatj. France and Netherlands. (Courtrav.) 62-1 
MO. • • 10th 3Caj. Territorial CouTention. HcsAC-CaMcl and Hesse-Bothen- 

burg. Batibor and Bauden. (Cassel.) 628 

101. • * 10th May. Conrention between Hesse-Cassel and Hease-Rothenburg. 

Batibor aad Bauden. (Caasel.) 63i» 

102. • • 10th Maj. Conrention between Hesee-Cassel and Hesee-Rothenburg. 

Batibor and Bandei:. (C^seL) 632 

103. • • lOth Maj. Convention between Hesse-Cassel and Hesse- Bothcnburg. 

Conrpy. (Cassel.) 634 

• 104. . • 13th May. Final Act between Austria, Prussia, 4c. Germanic Fede- 

• ration. (A'icnna.) 636 

*105. • . 8th Dec. Circular of Austria, Prussia, and Russia. (]|nferenees of 

Troppau. S]:ain, Naples, Jj|^ (Troppau.) 658 

^ jQdl^ ' • 24th Dec. Conyention between Baden and Switseriuid. Xellen- 

^ f burg. (Carlsruhe.) 662 

^ .. Oct. — ^Dec. Protocols of Cunfcropces between Great Britain, -\ustria, 
France, Prussia, and Russia. Affairs of Naples. 
(Troppau.) 

182L 

107. • • 19th Jan. British CireiUar. Conferences of lAjbach. Naples, &.c. 

(London.) 664 

* .. Jan., Feb. Protocols of Confoo*hs between Great Britain, Austria, 
France, Prus^ .«id Btissia. AfKairs of Naples. 
(Laybach.).......". 

108. • . 12th May. Declaration of Auitriay Knoifia, and Russia. CionfiBronces 
• of Laybach. g^Jdi, Ac (Laybach.).^. .. .^ 667 

• Sofe Appendix. / • 



f • ' 



XX CONTENTS. VOL. I. 

no. 1828. . TAGB 

188w •• 9ihllAr. EngAgement of Germanic Coufcdcntion. Guarantee of 

Treaty of 8th June, 1825. (KniphaiiBen.) 739 

12S. • • 4th ApriL ProtoooL Gbeat Britain and Russia. Modiation of Great 

Britain between Turkej and Greece. (St. Petcrsburgh.) 741 
XSQL •• l-ithlfjij. Boimdary CSonvention between Russia and Sweden. 

Lapland. (St. P^ersburgb.) 744 

13L • • 7th Oct. Boundary Convention and Separate Act between Russia . 

and Turkey. (Ackermann.) 747 

138, •• 14liiBec. Britiah Circular and Message of Xing of Great Britain to 

AudUment relative to Hostilities between Spain and 

^ Poflrtugal. 760 

133. .• aSlhDee. Auniuj Treaty between Austria and Russia. (Brody.) 762 

1887. 
134i •• dOthJan. Boundary ConTeutioui>ot ween Baden and France. Islands 

of the Rhine. (Strasburg.) 764 

135« V 11th June. Declaration between France and Prussia. District of 

Leyen. (Paris.) 767 

130. • • 6th July. Treaty between Ghieat Britain, France, and Russia. Paci- 

^ fication of Greece. (London.) 769 

jif , . • 29ad. Dec Boundaiy Treaty between Hanoycr and Prussia. (Iburg.) 775 
^ . • Aiig.-Dee. Protdlols of Conferences between Qrct^t Britain, France, 
and Rus&iA. . Pacification of Greece. (Constantinople.) 



VOL. II. 
1828. 

238. • • 26th April. Russian Declaration of War against Turkey. (St. Peters- 

huigh.) 777 

139. .. a6th April RuMian Manifesto of War against Turkey. (St. Peters- 
burgh.) .^ 785 

140l^ • • June. Turkish Declaration of War against Russia 787 

Iftl^ .. 12th Deo. Protocol. Great Britain, France, and Russia. 
• Boundaries of Greece, Ac. (Poros.) 798 



• 



1829. 
142i •• 22nd Mar. Protocol. Great Britain, France, and Russia. Boundaries 

of Orecce. (Loudon.) 804 

143. • • 10th July. Boundary Treaty between Austria and Russia. (Radzi- 

wilow.) 81U 

144. • • 9th Sept. Turkish Declaration o| Accession to Treaty of 6th July, 

1827, for Pacification of Gycce. (CbnetaDtinople.) . . 812 

145. .. 14th Sept Treaty of Peaoebetween Russia and Ti0][ej.(Adriaiiople.) 813 

146* .. 1ft Oct. Turkish ^Qatti-Sheriif zelatiTo to Serria. (Gonstarti- 

^ nople.) #.... 832 

^ ,^_^ 

• S«P .Appendix. y 






CONTENTS. VOL. U. 



^. 0^ 1883. ^^« 

'MJb.^ .... SlstFeb. Act of Gi«ek Ck)vemment. Sojindary. (Nanplk.) 917 
fif.' .... SOfch April Explanatory and Supplementary Article between 
^fk ' k Great Britain, Barana, France, and Biissia. 

' ' ^ Sovereignty of Greece. (London.) 919 

■.^ ' Jj y ..,, 2l8tMay Convention between Great Britain, France, and 

♦ Netherlands. Friendly Relations. (London.) . . 921 

♦ Explanatory Article. Luxemburg and Liniburg, &c. 923 

188. • • • • 8*^ ^^ Treaty of Defensive Alliance between Bussia and 

Turkey. (Unkiar Skelessi.) 925 

■ ^ ' j^„ ' -^^bparate Article. Closing of the Dardanelles .... 927 

X 20^ A:y. Sritish Protest against ditto 928 

109 Dec. Turkish Firman relative to Servia 929 

• .... 1830 to 18*3.* Protocols and Correspondence. (5 Powers.) Affairs 
of Belgium •* 

-7. ^ 

1834. 

IfVL ^ • • 29th Jan. Treaty between Russia and Turkey. Moldavia and 

Wallachia. Asiatic Boundary. (St. Petersburgh.) 936 

]jfl, « . . 22nd April Treaty between Ghreat Britain, Brancc, Spain, and 

PortugaL Padflciition of the Peninsula. (London.) 941 

172. t • . . 81st May Territorial Treaty between Prussia and Saxe-Coburg. 

Ceslkin of Lichtenberg to Prussia. (Berlin.) .... 945 

173. • • • • 18th Aug. Additional Articles between Great Britain, France, 

^ &c. Pacification of Spain and Portugal. 

^ ♦ • (London.) DI9 

'■* * 174. •••• 1834 Turkish Hatti-Sheriff relative to Molduria and Wal- 

• lachia 951 



. . 1835. 

17|L • • • • ^ March Treaty between Prussia and Russia. Polish Bound- 

Jjp aries. (Berlin.) 953 

^8? • • • • 27th April Convention between Conmianders-in-Cbief of Bellige- 
rent Armies im Spain. (Logrofio.) 95C 

171 • • • • 31st Dec. Declaration between Prussia and Bussia. Boundaries. 

(Berlin.) 959 



1836. 

178. .... 27th Mar. Convention between Bussia and Turkey. Turkish 

Indemnity, Ac. (Constantinoplp.). • « 961 

179. .... 3rd Sept. Circular of Saxony. House of ^hCnburg. 

(London.) ?.... 963 

180. .... 13th Dec. Boundary Act between Prussia and Russia. (Tamo- 

•• witf.) ...^. 964 

# 

• Sec Appendix. 









•Cp**\ 



t 



• 






41 *- ^' 



XxiV^."' CONTEXTS. VOL. H. 



.^, !!•• 1841. ' rxaz 

• ' .. • . . • • • May Firman of the Sultan of Turkey. Tribute to be paid 

J**- • .'/ tyEgypt : 

^V ^ ^ ^ • iHtJune Finnan of the Sultan of Turkey. Ucreditar}- Succes- 

. *'* eion in Egypt, &i; 

^^ ^ '• 193. -f 13th July Convention between Great Britain, &e. (5 Powers) 

# and Turkey. Dardanelles and BosphoruB. 

*..-. (London.) 1024 

•• 194 iBt Jnly. Convention between Baden, Ilespe-Darmstadt, and 

Wurtemberg. Navigation of the Neckur. (Carla- 

, •, 1 ' * ^^«) J 1027 

^ ^ 195 5th Nov. Boundary Treaty between Belgium and Netherlands. 

f ' ff (Hague.) 1029 



• •? 



• 



' ' ^ 1843. 

19^ ••••• 8th Aug. Boimdary Convention between Belgium and Nether- 
lands. (Matifcricht.) ." 1031 



1844. 

lOth Jar 

198. *! . . . 13th April Convention between Austria, Frubbiu, &c. Stadc Toll. 



197. .... 30th Jan. Boundary Treaty between Austria and Bavaria. Tyrol 
I and Yorarlberg. (Munich.) 1034 



• • . (Dresden.) 103G 

199 22nd July Treaty between Great Britain and Ilanover. Stade 

Toll. (London.) lail 

200. . . |. 28th Nov. Boundary Treaty between Lucca, Moilena, Tuscany, 

^ Austria, and Sardinia. (Florence.) 1045 

• „ Separate and Secret Articles. (Ditto.) 1059 

/* 1846. 

f'901 6tli Nov. Convention between Austriai Prussia, and Kussia. 

Annexation of Cracow to Austria. (Cracow.). . . . 1061 

202 11th Nov. Austrian Declaration. Annexation of CraiQDw. 

(Vienna.) 1065 

203 23rd Nov. British Protest against Annexation of Cracow to 

Austria. (London.) ^ • .^ 1^^ 

* 23rd Nov. Views of British Govemiftent. Inviokbility of 

Tn'aties. " (London.) • 

204 3rd Doc. Frencri Protest against Annexation ef Cracow to 

Austria. (Paris.) a 1073 

* Scc'jf^pandix. 



9 






iT* /"^*y • .OONTENti . VOL. II. *• • '^^fJBi' VJ 

Ho. . iM7. ^ • dit ' ^ 

205. .-V '^ ^7 Ffotocol. Orcat Bntoin, Fnnoe, Poriugt^ ixA '^^L 

• . Spain. Pacification of PortugaL* .(lffcd»*.) . ^ A ^^ffj^^'Jlj^ 
206 4th Oct. Sbimdary Treatj between Lucca anj Tnacaii^ ' ' aII 

(Florence.) ; -^^ •^ ** 

207 19th Not. Prussian Declaration. Neutrality of Neufchat«(Md 

Valengin. (Berlin.) g^ ' 108| 



f 



Id .*. '^J ♦. 

y. 108», i^-' 

(Florence.) ]|^ 'ulP' 



208 9th Dec. Boundary Treaty between Lucca and Tuscany. I « * 



« 

9 



• 1848. 

209 Sth Mar. Boundary Treuty between AustA an^ Baiony. * 

(Dresden.) ',.*.. 1087 

• .... 10th Oct. Views of^Bfeitish GoTemment. Proposed Europoadl ■ ' %^* 

Congress. (London.) ^ 4^ 

210< • • r • 18th Sept. Sardinian Decree. Annexation of Mentone *idtl^ # ^ * 

Roccabruna. (Turin.) T... 1089 *g *(• 

1849. , % 

211 Ist Ma^ Act between A^ssia and Turkey, relative to MoldAa 

and WalUakia. (fialta Liman.) 1090 

212. • . « . 3rd July Treaty between Austria, Modena, and Parma. Navi- 
gation of the Po. (]|Uan.) 1095 

213 3rd July Convention 'between Austria and Parma. Islands of 

the Po. (MUan.) -j^-/.. 1104 

214 lOth July Preliminaries of ^eace between Denmark and fruiiia. ^ 

(Berlin.) .".. 1106%^ . 

215 6th Aug. Treaty of Peace between Austria and Sardinia. >* *' * ^ 

(Milan.) 1|^ •- • 

216 Sth Aug. Treaty between Austria and Modena. Limits, &c., of , 

thePo. (Milan.) •....'•lllS • 

217 7th Dec. Treaty for the Cession of Hohenzollem to Prussia. 

(Berlin.) 111« 

•. ./ • 

1860. '^' 

218 12th Feb. liiet of Accession of the Pope to Treaty of 3rd July, % 

1849. Navigation of the Po. (Portici.) ifes 

219. # • • 12th Mar. Prussian Decree for the Incorporation of Hohenzol- 

' • lem with Prussia. (Charlottenburg.) 1124 

220 Vji^ Mfty Treaty between Prussia and Lippe. Cession of Lipp- 

stadt to Prussia. (Beriin.) 1125 

221. • • • • 2nd /nly Treaty of Peace between Prussia, Ac., and Denmark. 

Holst^iu. (BerUn.) 1129 

„ Secret Articles. SucoaMion in Denmark ^ 1131 

4^July Exphinatory Note 1132 

^ 

• Sec Appendix. 



♦-V 



•• • 



1 w . ' • ; ' . 

• ' & ' ■ . - 

^ ^, i^yi'** • ^ * CONTENTS. VOL.il • * ' 

IkK' 1850. PAM 

«.'* 222. «»f- 4tliJulj Kotocol. Ghneat Britain, &c., and BoamariL. Inte- 

, , • ^* » • ■ • # grity of Danish Monarchy. (Lottdon.) 1133 

jj'^ 223. ». . . 2nd Aug. Protocol. Ditto. Ditto ., 1136 

• 224 2ndAug. Protocol. Ditto. Ditto 1137 

K 225 30th Aug. Convention between Russia and Netherhinds. Old 

<#• J J '*. BussianDebt. (U»igue.) 1139 

I * • a26 18th Nov. Protocol. Austria and Russia. Navigation of the 

|^^' .' Danube. (Vienna.) 11 l:i 

^ '• "te7 89th Nov. Agreement between Austria and Prussia, llolstein ai^ 

1^.1 ^ Hesse-Cassel. (Olmiitz.) .' 1143 

228 16th Deo. Supplementary Boundary Treaty between Austria and 

. ^ , * , Bavaria. Tyrol and Vorarlberg. (Munich.) 1146 

*\ . ' 1851. 

^ 229a • • • • Sth June Protocol between Denmark and Prussia. Danish Sue- 

J , » ■ » cession. (Warsaw.) ••.... 1148 

'• i . 

1852. 

230. ^v" ^^ May Treaty Mween Great Britain, &c., and Denmark. Danish 

Succession. (London.) • 1151 

231. . • • • 20th Nov. Treaty between Great Britain, &c., and Greece. Greek 

Succession. (London.) 1156 

1853. 

232 ,?Snd May Patent of the Duke of Aulialt. Union of Anhalt-Ccethen 

* ' and Anhalt-Dessau. (Destau.) 1150 

• P 233. . . •• 20th July Territorial Treaty between Oldenburg and Prussia. 

, • ' \- Bay of Jahde, &c. (Berlin.) s.... 1161 

* •' )B4 4th Oct. Turkish Declaration of War against Russia. (Constan- 

^ tinople.) 1171 

•■ *l23ft .. .• lit Nov. ' Russian Declaration of War against Turkey. (Tsaiskoe- 

Selo.) 1177 

236. •••• Is^ l^c. Supplementary Arrangement between Oldenburg and 

Prussia. Bay of Jahde. (Berlin.) 1179 

t , 1854. 

187 12th Mar. Treaty between Great Britain, France, and Turkey. 

Military Aid to Turkey. (Conatantinople.) ^ . . 1181 

238 27th Mar. Message to British Houses of Parliament. ,W«r with 

Russia 1185 

239 27th Mar. Message to French Legislative Chambers. War with 

Russia % 1186 

240 28th Mar. British Declaration. War with Russia 1187 

241. «.«•. 9th April Protocol between Great Britain, Austria, Fmnce, and 

Prussia. Integrity of Ottoman Empire. (Vienna.).. 1191 
242i t« • • 10th April Convention between Great Britain and FnuKX). Military 

AidtoTurkey. (London.) ;; 1193 



;•/•• 






V. 



lib l7UiApzJl IJkktortofAemftagaiiutoocapati^ 1^^ • 

.^Btlgradi*) :..i..^ •Mtm * 

244. ....20Ui April TM$1if Alliance between Austria and Ihru8iift.'<BerU&^^^ J^, 

245 2Srd April Baatiaft Manifetto. War with GtrcAi Britain, France, .« 

andTuikey. (St. Peterrf)urgbu) ^MOS #* 1 f- 

246 lOth May Convention between Great Britain and France. Joiofc^ , • ^» ^ 

Captures, (London.) 

247 10th Maj Conrention between Great Britain and France. Prisoners 

of War. (London.) %*iv. 

246 23rd May Protocol between Great Britain, Austria, France, and 

"' Prussia. Litegritj of Ottoman £mpi#a. j[^ienna.j^. 

240 14th June CouTention between Austria and TguMttk, f^H^IHto 

Principalities. (Boyadji-Keuy.) ...-../ .' 1213 

250. • • • • Bth Aug. Notes exchanged betwoon Great Britain and Austria. "^ - * 

Conditions of Peace with Russia. (Vienna.) . . . 

251 31st Oct. Boundary Treaty between Baden and Switzerland ^ 

252 2nd Dec. Treaty of Alliance between Great Britain, Austria, aKc} % 

France. (Vienna.) 1221 

253 28th Dec. Memorandum presented by Great Britain, Amfcria, 

^nd France to Bussia. Bases'^of Conference^}. Eastcat 

"iQaestion .*.* 1225 



^ 


• • ->• 


1212 


s 



1Z19 



;■ 



1855. 
254. • • • * 24th Jan. Convention between Great Bfjjkiin and France. Supplies 

to Turkish Army. (London.) ^. , . 1227 f • 

255 26th Jan, Convention between Great Britain, France, and Sardfaiia. * j^ 

Military. (Turin.) '. * 1228 I ^» 

266. • • • • 26th Jan. Convention between Great Britain and Sardinia. Loan. ^^ « 

(Turin.) 12d| »-*• 

257 3rd Feb. Convention between Great Britain and Turkey. Turkish .**^ • • ' 

Troops in British Service. (Constantinople.) ....»'».. fcsi** • • 

258. • • • • Mar.-June Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, Austria, « 

France, Russia, and Turkey. Eositcm Question. 

(Vienna.) 1283 

259 27th June Convention between Ghreat Britain, France, and Turkey. 

Loan to Turkey. (London.) 129%- 

260 10th Jtdy DeclftrA^n between Ghreat Britain and France. Trophies '^ 

^ and Booty. (Paris.) 1237 ';i 

261. • • • ^'^th Jnly Declaration between Great Britain and France. Turkish i 

•• • Loan. (London.) 1239 

262. .... 21«t Nov. Treaty between Ghreat Britain, France, and Sweden. 

Integrity of Sweden and Norway. (Stockbolm.) .... 1241 

1856. 

263 18th Feb. Turkish Firman and Hatti-SheriiT. Privileges and 

Reforms in Turkey. (Hatti-Humaiouu.) 1243 

264. .. . • 30th Mift ^Treaty of Peace between Great Britain, ic, and Bussia. 

(l*aris.) 1250 



} 

XXvill * CON'TBKTS. VOL. IL ' 

• *' ^- • .■ 

No.* 1856. * •* ptoB* 

265. f • ?. 30th Mar. Confention between Great Britain, . Ac., and Turkcj. 

'*^ • • . iDardanelles and BosphorA. (Pttis.) 1266 

•'.. 266/.* •• SOtliMar. C-onvention between BuBsia Aud^SnAej. Naval Forces 

in Black Sea. (Paris.) 1270 

I 26i^ .... 30th Mar. ConTention between Great Britain, France, and Russia. 

** • ^ . I Aland Iflhmdfl. (Paris.) 1272 

• , «468 Feb.-April Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, Austria, 

&c. Peace with Russia. (Paris.) 1274 

f . . * '^69 14th April Protocol between Great Britain, Austria, France, Prussia, 

W% • Russia, Sardinia, and Turkey. Mediation. (Paris.) . . 1277 

* 270. .^ ISthAj^il Treaty between Great Britain, Austria, and France. 

•* • t • • - Integrity of Ottoman Empire. (Paris.) 1280 

.,»_^ 271 16th April Declaration between Great Britain, Austria, &c. Maritime 

^ '* \ , Law. (Paris.) 12H2 

A..* SVl. 28th April British ProcUmation of Peace with Russia 1285 

_ • ' Nhm • • • • 13th May Convention between Great Britain, France, Sardinia, and 

« • • Turkey. Evacuation of Ottoman Territory. (Con- 

■j< ^antinople.) 1286 

274.,. . . K 3rd June Convei^ion between Great Britain and Sardinia. Further 

'.• Loan to Sardinia. (Turin.) 1288 

275 2ud Deo. Boundary Treaty between France and Spain. (Bayonne) 1291 



Protocol between Great Britain, Turkey, &.c. Bcssarabian 

Frontier. Delta of Danube. Isle of Serpents. (Paris.) 1298 

British Note explanatory of ditto. (Paris.) 1296 

Protocols between Great Britain, &c., and Denmark. 

Sound Dues. (Copenhagen.) .• «. 

Protocol between Great Britain, &c., and Denmark. 

Sound Dues. (Copenhagen.) 

Treaty between Great Britain, &c., and Denmark. Sound 

Dues. (Copenhagen.) 1301 

279 14tli Mar. Convention between Great Britain and Denmark. Sound 

Dues. (Copenhagen.) 1310 

.#280 11 til April Definitive Act between the Commissioners of Great 

• Britain, Austria, &c., and Turkey. Bessarabian Frontier. 

(Kichineff.) 1313 

281 26th May Treaty between Great Britain, Jo;., and ^ritzeriand. 

Xeufchatel and Valengin. (Paris.) ^ ..«#.. .^ .. . 1316 

282, .... 19th June Treaty between Great Britain, &e., and Turkey. Bessa- 
rabian Frontier, Isle of Serpents, and Delta of the 

Danube. (Paris.) 1320 

283 5tl; Dec. Final Act of the Commissioners of Great Britain, France, 

Russia, and Turkey. Turco- Russian Frontier in Asia. 
(Constantinople.) 1 323 









1857. 






277. .. 


.. 6th Jan. 
, 1 




^ 


276>.^. 


• 
. . 7th Jan. 




V • •• 


. . Feb.-Mar. 


* 


..*•»• 


.> 




f 


*e 


* • .. 


.. 14th Mar. 


■ 


• 


• » 


^ , 






. 278. .. 


.. 14th Mar. 



* Soe^Appcndix. 



CWTE^TS. .VOL. 11. 



XXIX 



284... 


189ft 
..38thApril 


285. .. 


. . Msy-Aug. 


286... 


.. 19th Ang. 


287... 


.. 1 1th Sept. 


288... 


.. 8th Not. 


289. .. 


.. 28th Dec. 


290. ■ 


1859. 

.. 14thMar. 


291. .. 
292... 
293... 
294... 
295. ■■ 
296.. 
297. 


.. 19th April 
.. 26thApril 
.. 28th April 
. . 29th April 
.. 3rd May 
, . . 3rd May 
. .. 4th May 


298. . 


. .. 11th July 


299. 


, . . Apr.-Sept. 


300.. 


... 6th Sept. 


301.. 
302. . 


... 10th XoT. 
. .. 10th XoT. 


303.. 


... 10th Sot. 


304.. 


... 10th Nov. 


305.. 


... 10th3J«!| 


306.. 


... 2Ut^0T.' 


307.. 


1860. 
... 15th Mar. 


308. • 


... WthMar. 



^ .*« PAOK 

Protocol between Great Britain, Scc.ftaad Turktj. Turco* ' 

Bmnan Frontier in Ada. (Pari«.) f329 ' 

ProfeMpb of Conference* between Great Britain, Ac., and 

Turtey. Moldavia and Wallachia. (Pari*.) 1327 

Convention between Great Britain, &c., and Turkey. 

Moldavia and Wallachia. (Pari*.) 1M2\) 

Supplementary Act between Rusi^ia and Turkey. Turco- m, ■ 

Russian Boundary. (Hadji-Bairam.) 1350 

Proems- Verbal between Great Britaii^ Auftriu, kc.,m^ ^ 

Turkey. Montenegro, &c. (Constantinople.) 1353 

Additional Boundary Convention betwe^ ' £!|BLnce anfth^ 

Spain. (Bayonoe.) •••..• 1355 

\ 

Swiss Declaration. NcutruHty in event of War between 

Austria and Italy. (Berne.) 1856 

Austrian Ultimatum to Sardinia. (Vienna.) 1359 

Sardinian Reply to Austrian Ultimatum 1361 

Austrian Declaration of War agaiitft Sardinia. (Vienna.) 41562 
SardKjiian Declaratioikpf War against Austria. (Turin.) 1365 
Communication to French Chambers. War with Austria. 136y* 
French Proclamation of War against Austria. (Paris.). . 1368 
British Circular. War between Austria and France and 

Sardinia. (London.) 1370 

Preliminary Treaty of Peace between Austria and Frantic 

(ViUafranca.) 1374 

Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, &c., and 

Turkey. Moldavia and Wallachia. (Paris.) 1376 • ' 

Protocol of Conference between Great Britain, &c., and ^ 

Turkey. Hospodar of Moldavia and Wallachia. (Pari*.) 1377 .* * 
Treaty of Peace between Austria and Franco, (Zurich.). . 1380 
Treaty of Peace between Franco and Sardinia. Cession ^p 

of Lombardy. (Zurich.) 1393 ' * 

Treaty of Peace between Austria, France, and Sardinia. 

(Zurich.) 1401 

Declaration between Austria and France. Fortresses of 

Placontia, Ferrara, and Commachio. (Zurich.) 1412 " 

Declaration between Austria and France. Proposed for- 
mation of Italian Confederation. (Zurich.) 11 13 

Protocol between Austria, France, and Sartlinia. Boun- 
dary along the River Po. (Zurich.) 1414 

Swiss Protest against annexation of Chablais, Faucigny, 

and (jlenevese to France. (Paris.) 1415 

Sardinian Decree annexing Provinces of Emilia to Sar- 
dinia. (Turin.) 1416 



•* 



•'< ^ 



* r 



^* . 



XXX CONTENTS. VOL. lU 

No. 1860. ^ TAo^ 

S09 22nd Mur. Sardinian Decree annexing Tiucanj to Sardinia. (Turin.) 1417 

310 22nd Mar. Protest of Modena against annexation to Sardinia. 

(Vienna.) ». 1418 

311 24th Mar. Papal Protest against annexation of Bomagna, &c., to Sar- 
dinia. (Rome.) 1422 

312 24th Mar. Protest of Tuscany against annexation to Sardinia. 

(Dresden.) 1424 

^13 24th Mar. Treaty between France and Sardinia. Annexation of 

SaToy and Nice to France; (Turin.) 1429 

314. • • • • 28th Mar. Protest of Parma against annexation to Sardinia. 

* • (Zurich.) 1422 

315 28th Mar. Swiss Protest against annexation of Neutralized Portions 

of Savoy to France. (Turin.) 1435 

316 17th April Protocol between Great Britain, Austria, France, Prussia, 

* and Russia. Montenegrin Boundary. (Ckmstanti- 

nople.) ;...., 1427 

317 16th June Final Boundary Act between Austria and Sardinia. 

(Peschiera.) 1422 

318 June Arrangement between Ghreat Britain, France, Roisia, and 

<* Greece. Greek Loan. (Athens.) 14tf 

819 20th June French Proposals. Neutralized Portions of Savoy. (Paris.) 1448 

320 25th Juno British Reply to ditto. Neutralized Portions of Savoy. 

(Londoiv) 1420 

32L .... 3rd Aug. Protocols between Great Britain, Ac., and Turkey. Pacifi- 
cation of Syria. (Paris.) 1461 

322 28Td Aug. Convention between France and Sardinia. Annexation 

• • of Savoy and Nice to France. (Paris.) 1452 

, A28 &th Sept. Convention between Great Britain, &c., and Turkey. 

• • Pacification of Syria. (Paris.) 142$ 

• «32i. . " • 17th Dec. Sardinian Decree. Union of Neapolitan Provinces to 

Italy. (Naples.) 1418 

^5 17th Dec. Sardinian Decree. Union of Sicilian Provinces to Italy. 

•• (Naples.) .\ 145D 

326 I7th Dec. Sardinian Decree. Union of the Provinces of Umbria to 

Italy. (Naples.) 1480 

327 l7th Dec. Sardinian Decree. Union of the Provinces of the Marches 

to Italy. (Naples.) 1461 

f 
1861. 
328 2nd Feb. Treaty between France and Monaco. Cession of Mentone 

and Roccabruna to France. (Paris.) 1482 

329 7th Mar. Boundary Treaty between France and Sardinia. 

(Turin.) 1426 

330 I7th Mar. Law of King of Sardinia assuming Title of King of Italy. 

(Turin.) 1428 

38L • • • • l^b Mar. Convention between Great Britain, &c., and Turiwy. 

Prolongation of Occupation of Syria. (Paris.) 14/69 



. ^ 



CONTEXTS. VOL. II. xxxi . 

Ko. 1861. , PAox 

332. .. •• 22iidJiiiie Tmtj beHrwn Qreafc Britoin, &c., wd Haaonr. Se- ^* 

Pemption of tho Stade Toll. (Hanorer.) 1171 

333 5th Oct BoQiidary ConTcntion between Italy and Switzeriand. 

(tugano.) . . ; 1 181 

334. 6th Deo. Turkish Firman. United Principalitiw of Moldavia and 

WaDaohia 148B 

* 1860, 1861 Frotoools between Chvat Britain, Ac., and Turkey. 

Beatoration of Tranquillity in Syria. (Paria.) 

* . . . . 1860, 1861 Protocols between Commifaionen of Chreat Britain, &c., 

and Turkey. Disturbances in Syria. (Beyrout.) ^ 

1862. 
335 22nd Mar. Convention between Italy and San Marino. Indepen- 
dence of San Marino. (Turin.) 1608 

336. • • • • 14th April Boundary Treaty between France and Spain. (Bay- 

onne.) 1510 ^ 

337. • • • • 31st Aug. Turkish Conditions imposed on Montenegro and accepted 

by the Prince. (Sctitari.) 1512 

338. • • • • 4th Sept. Protocol between Great Britain, &c., and Turkey. Senria. 

(Kanlidja.) 1516 

339 8th Dec. Treaty between France and Switxerland. Yallec deir ' 

Dappes. (Berne.) 1525 

15th Dec. Joint Note. Exclusion of Members of Boyal Families 
of Great Britain, France, and Russia from Throne of 
Greece 

1863. 
340 27th Feb. Additional Boundary Conrention between France and 

Spain. (Bayonne.) 1528 

34L 20th Mar. Greek Decree. Cessation of British Protectorate orcr m\ '«* 

Ionian Islands. (Athens.) 1530 ' C* 

342 12th May Treaty between Belgium and Netherlands. Scheldt Toll. * ^ . 

(Hague.) 1532 

343 I6th May Protocol between Great Britain, France, and Russia. 

Termination of Bararian Order of Succession to Throne 

of Greece. * (London.) 1535 

344. • • • • 27th May Protoool between Ghreat Britain, Franoe, and Russia. 

€hreek Succession. (Loodon.) - 1537 

345 5th June Protoool between Great Britain, France, Russia, and 

Denmaik. Gbeek Suocemon. Annexation of Ionian 

Islands to Greece. (London.) 1539 

346 26th June Protocol between Great Britain, France, and Russia. 

Gtiarantee of Greek Independence. Ionian Islands. 

Greek Loan. (London.) 1544 

347 I8t^ July Treaty between Great Britain, &o., and Denmark. Danish 

Suooession to the Throne of Ghneeoe. Ionian Islands. 

(London.) 1545 

• Sec Appendix. 



XXXU COXTENT.S. VOL. III. 

No. 1863. lAGE 

348 16th July Treaty beti^ecn Great Britain, &c.t and Belgium. Ee- 

demption of the Scheldt Toll. (Brussels.) 155U 

349 IGtli July Protocol between Great Britain, &c., and Belgium. De- 
claration of Netherlands of 15th July, 1863. Scheldt 
Toll. (Brussels.) 1557 

350 1st Aug. Protocol between Great Britain, Austria, &c. (5 Powers). 

Union of Ionian Islands to Greece. (London.) 155U 

351 3rd Aug. Convention between Great Britain and Belgium. Scheldt 

ToU. (Brussels.) 15<J1 

••J 352 3rd Aug. Protocol between Great Britain, France, llu^sia, and Den- 
mark. King of tlic Hellenes. (London.) 156^5 

353 13th Oct. Protocol between Great Britain, France, Russia, and Den- 
mark. King of the Ilellenes. (London.) 1564 

354 19th Oct. Decision of Assembly of Ionian States, in favo'ur of Union 

of Ionian Islands to Greece. (Corfu.) 1565 

355 14th Nov. Treaty between Great Britain, Austria, &c. (5 Powers.) 

Ionian Islands. Treaty of 5th November, 1815, aiiiiuUed. 
(London.) 156J) 

356. • . • • yoY. Correspondence between Great Britain and France. 

Proposed Congress for Preservation of Peace of Europe 157' 



TK. 



VOL. III. 

Treaty between Grcat Britain, France, Kussia, and 
Greece. Union of the Ionian Islands to Greece. 

(London.) 1581) 

Convention between Great Britain and Greece. British 

Claims, &c. Ionian Islands. (London.) 1500 

Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, Austria, 
&c. (5 Powers). L'nion of Ionian Islands to Greece. 

Ghreek Succession. (London.) 1(X»1 

Protocol between Turkey and Montenegro. Frontiers of 

Montenegro. (Cettigiie.) *. 1602 

Protocol between Connuissioners of Great Britain and 
Greece. Withdrawal of British Forces from Ionian 

Islands. (Corfu.) 160G 

„ Proclamation of Lord High Conmiissioner. Cessat ion of 

British Protectorate IGOl) 

352 Apr.-June Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, Austria, 

< Prussia, &c., and Denmark. Be-establishment of Peace 
between Austria, Prussia, and Denmark. (London.). . 161 1 

363 20th June Additional Act between the Porte and Prince Couza. 

United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallacliia. 

(Constantinople.) 1613 

364, . . , . 28th June Protocol. Adhesion of 6 Powers to ditto 162D 

365 22nd Aug. Convention between Baden, &c., and Switzerland. 

Wounded in War. (Geneva.) 1621 



357.... 


1864. 

. 29th Mar. 


••• .868. ... 


,. 29th Mar. 


^t 359.... 


. Jan.-Mar. 


360. ••• 


. 3rd May 


361.... 


. 28th May 



* 'v 



CONTENTS. VOL. m. XXXlii 

No. 1864. PAOB 

M6 15th Sept. Courention between Fmooe and Italy. Bracnation of 

Papal States by French Troops. (Pans.) 107 

367 80th Got. Treaty of Peace between Austria, Prassia, and Denmark. 

Duchies ofSchleswigHolstein and Lauenburg. (Vienna.) 1680 
1865. 
Ani^ isth Feby . Accession of Ghreat Britain to Convention of 22nd August, 

^^ *^ >«"* 1864, reUtive to Wounded in War. (London.) 1^ 

8th April Accession of Turkey to Treaty of 29th Marcli, 1864, for 
the Union of the Ionian Islands to Ghreece. (Constan- 
tinople.) 16^6 

ConTention between Austria and Prussia. Duchies of 

Schleswig Holstein and Lauenburg. (Gastein.) 1638 

Prussian Patent taking possession of the Duchy of Lauen- 
burg. (Berlin.) 1^ 

British Circular respecting Annexation of Danish Duchies 
to Prussia. (London.) 1645 

Boundary Treaty between France and Spain. (Bayonne.) 1647 
Boundary Act between France and Spain. (Bayonne). . 1649 
Finnan of the Sultan of Turkey. Order of Succession in 

Egypt 

Russian and Turkish Declaration. InTiolability of 

Treaties 

Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, &o., and 
Turkey, reUtive to United Principalities of Moldavia 

and Wallachia, and the Danube. (Paris.) 1650 

Prussian Declaration of Cause of War with Austria, and 

of Dissolution of Germanic Confederation. (Frankfort.) 1662 
Correspondence. Proposed Conference. Peace of Europe. 1665 
Firman of the Sultan of Turkey. Regency in Egypt 
Prussian Declaration. Necessity for Invasion of Han- 
over, Hesse-Cassel, and Saxony. (Berlin.) 1686 

Austrian Manifesto. War with Prussia and Italy. 

(Vienna.) 1888 

Prussian Manifesto. War with Austria. (Berlin.) .... 1603 

Italian Manifesto. War with Austria 1695 

Italian Declaration. War with Austria. (Cremona.). . . . 1697 
Preliminary Treaty of Peace between Austria and Prussia. 

(Nikolsburg.) 1698 

French Declaration. Acquisition of Vcnetia for Italy . . 1721 
Treaty of Peace between Prussia and Wurtemberg. 

(BerUn.) 1702 

Message of King of Prussia. Union of Hanover, Hesse- 
Cassel, Nassau, and Frankfort to Prussia. (Berlin.) . . 1705 
Treaty of Peace between Baden and Prussia. (Berlin.) . . 1707 

* See Appendix. 

V 



370. . 


.... 14th Aug. 


371,. 


... 13th Sept. 


372. 


. .. 14th Sept. 


378. 

374.. 

• 


1866. 
, . . . 26th May 
... 26th May 
... 27th May 


« 


. .. 4th June 


375.. 


. .. Mar.-Jone 


876. 


. .. 14th June 


377. . 

• 

378. . 


. May— June 
... 15th June 
. . . 16th Juno 


379. . 


... 17th June 


380.. 

381. . 

382. . 

383. . 


. . . 18th June 
... 19th June 
... 20th June 
... 26th July 


384. . 


29th July 
... 13th Aug. 


385. . 


... 16th Aug. 


386.. 


... 17th Aug. 



XXXIV 



CONTENTS. VOL. IH. 



No. 

387.... 
388. ... 
389.... 


1866. 

. 22nd Aag. 
. 28rd Aug. 
. 8rd Sept. 


890... 


.. 20th Sept. 


891... 


.. 28rdSept. 


392... 
893. .. 


. . 3rd Oct. 
, . 8rd Oct. 


SOi.... 


, . 8rd Oct. 


895.... 


. 8rd Oct. 


396.... 


. 8rd Oct. 


397.... 


. 8th Oct. 


398.... 
399. ... 


. 21»t Oct. 
. 28rd Oct. 


400. ... 

401. ... 


. 26th Oct. 
. 15th Dec. 


"402.... 


. 24th Dec. 


403.... 


. 24th Dec. 


404. ... 


1867. 
. 10th Apr. 


405.... 


. 11th Msj 


406. ... 


May 


• ... 
407.... 
408.... 
409.... 


. 8th Juno 
. 14th June 
. 18th July 
. 22nd Doc. 


410. ... 


1868. 

. 30th Apr. 



Pies 
Treaty of Peace between Bararia and Prussia. (Berlin.) 1711 
Treaty of Peace between Austria and Prussia. (Prague.) 1720 
Treaty of Peace between Hesse-Darmstadt and Prussia. 

(Berlin.) 1729 

Prussian Decree uniting HanoTer, Hesse-Cassel, Nassau, 

and Frankfort to Prussia. (Berlin.) 1741 

Protest of King of HanoTer against Annexation of 

HanoTer to Prussia. (Heitiing.) 1742 

Treaty of Peace between Austria and Italy. (Vienna.) . . 1749 
Prussian Patent taking Possession of Hanover. (Babels- 
berg.) 3760 

Prussian Patent taking Possession of Hesse-Oassel. 

(Babelsberg.) 1762 

Prussian Patent taking Possession of Nassau. (Babels- 
berg.) 1764 

Prussian Patent taking Possession of Frankfort. (Babels- 
berg.) 1766 

Treaty of Peace between Prussia and Saxe-Meiningen. 

(Berlin.) 1768 

Treaty of Peace between Prussia and Saxony. (Berlin.) . 1771 
Firman of the Sultan. Inyestiture of Prince Charles of 
HohenzoUem as Prince of United Principalities of 

Moldavia and Wallachia 1783 

Protocol between Turkey and Montenegro. Boundaries. 1787 
Act between Austria, Russia, and United Principalities. 

Navigation of the Pruth. (Bucharest.) 1789 

Prussian Law uniting Duchies of Holstein and Schleswig 

to Prussia. (Berlin.) 1797 

Prussian Law uniting certain portions of Territories of 
Bavaria and Hesse-Darmstadt, Hesse-Homburg, &c. 
(BerUn.) 1798 

Firman of the Sultan of Turkey. Evacuation of Servian 
Fortresses 1800 

Treaty between Qreat Britain, Austria, &c. Luxemburg 
and Limburg. (Londoiv) 1801 

Protocols of Conferences between Qreat Britain, Austria, 
Ac. Luxemburg and Limburg. (London.) 1806 

Firman of the Sultan of Turkey. Succession in Egypt, Ac. 

Constitution of the North German Confederation 1807 

Treaty between Prussia and Waldeck-Pyrmont. (Berlin.) 1829 

Boundary Act between Austria and Italy. (Venice.) . . . 1888 



Convention between Great Britain, Ac., and Turkey. 

Danube Works Loan. (Galatz.) 1838 



• See Appendix. 



CONTENTS. VOL. III. 



XXXV 



Mo. 
411. . 


1868. 
... 11th July 


412.. 


... 17th Oct. 


413.. 


... 20th Oct 


414.. 


... nth Dec. 


415. . 


... 11th Dec. 


416.. 


1869. 

... 20th Jan. 


417.. 


. Jan.— Feb. 


418.- 


... SOthHar. 


419. ■ 


. . . 6th July 



29th Not. 





1870. 


420.... 


. 22nd June 


421.... 


. 17th July 


422. ... 


. 18th July 


423. ... 


. 19th July 


424. ... 

425. ... 

426. ... 

427. ... 


. 19th July 
. 20t\iJxdj 
. 22nd July 
. 9th Aug. 


428. ... 


. nth Aug. 


429. .. 


. . 3l8t Oct. 


430. ... 


. . l8t Not. 



PA&B 

Final Boundary Act between France and Spain. 

(Bayonne.) lSi4 

CouTention between Baden, France, Ac. NaTigation of 

the Bhine. (Mannheim.) 1647 

Additional Articles between Baden, &c., and Switzerland. 

Wounded in War. (G^neTa.) 1868 

Declaration between Great Britain, Austria, kc. Bzplo- 

siTe Projectiles in time of War. (St. Petersburgh.) . . 1860 
Boundary Treaty between Netherlands and Prussia. (Aiz- 

U-Chapelle.) 1862 



Declaration of Allied Powers. (Ghreat Britain, Austria, 
France, Italy, Prussia, Russia, and Turkey.) Obligations 
of Greece towards Turkey. (Paris.) 1864 

Protocols of Conferences between Great Britain, Austria, 
France, Italy, Prussia, Russia, and Turkey. Differences 
between Ghreece and Turkey. (Paris.) 1868 

Protest of King George of HanoTer, against Seizure of his 
PriTate Property by Prussia. (Heitzing.) 1870 

Protocol between Baden, BaTaria, kc., relatiTc to the 
Federal Fortresses of Mayence, Ulm, Rastadt, and 
Landau. (Mxmich.) 1874 

Firirian of the Sultan of Turkey. LeTy of Taxes in Egypt. 
Contracts for Loans 

Treaty between Austria and Germany. Abolition of 
the Elbe Dues. (Vienna.) 1876 

French and Prussian Declaration. Neutrality of Luxem- 
burg. (Berlin.) 1877 

Note of Swiss GoTcmment. Neutrality in War between 
France and Prussia. (Berlin.) 1878 

French Announcement to Prussia. Causes of War. 

(Berlin.) 1880 

Speech of King of Prussia. War with France. (Berlin.) 1881 

French Declaration. War with Prussia. (Paris.) 1883 

French Proclamation. War with Prussia. (Paris.) .... 1884 

Treaty between Ghreat Britain and Prussia. Neutrahty 

of Belgiiim. (London.) 1886 

Treaty between Great Britain and France. Neutrality of ' 
Belgium. (London.) 1889 

Russian Note. NaTal Forces in Black Sea. (Tzarsko^ 

S61o.) 1892 

Further Russian Note. NaTal Foroea in Black Sea. 
(Tzar»ko6 S61o.) 1896 



* See Appendix, 



XXXVl CONTENTS. VOL. HI. 

No. 1870. PA&B 

431 10th Nov. British Reply to Russian Notes. Nayal Forces in BUck 

Sea. (London.) 1898 

432 3rd Dec. Prussian Circular. Neutrality of Luxemburg. (Yer- 

saUles.) 1901 

1871. 
433 17th Jan. Declaration between Ghreat Britain, Ac., and Russia. Non- 
alteration of Treaties without consent. (London.) .... 1904 
434. • • • . 28th Jan. Convention of ArmiBtice between France and Germany. 

(Versailles.) 1906 

435 Ist Feb. Military Convention between Franco and Switjserland. 

Entrance of French Army into Switzerland. (Verriferes.) 1907 
436 Bth Feb. Regulations between Austria, Russia, and Roumania. 

Navigation of the Pruth. (Bucharest.) 1909 

437 15th Feb. Additional Convention between France and Germany. 

Armistice. (Versailles.) 1911 

438 26th Feb. Preliminary Treaty of Peace between France and Germany. 

(VersaiUes.) 1912 

439 13th Mar. Treaty between Gbreat Britain, &c., and Turkey. Black 

Sea and Danube. (London.) 1919 

440 13th Mar. Convention between Russia and Turkey. Black Sea. 

(London.) 1924 

441 Jan.-Mar. Protocols between Great Britain, &c., and Turkey. 

Revision of Treaty of dOtli March, 1856. Black Sea 

and Danube. (London.) 1926 

442 16th Mar. Convention between France and Germany. Peace. 

(Rouen.) 1927 

443 16th April Law. Constitution of the German Empire. (Berlin.) . . 1929 

444 16th April Constitution of the German Empire. (Berlin.) 1980 

445 8th May Proposed Regulations. Duties of Neutrals in Time of 

War. (Washington.) 1968 

446 10th May Definitive Treaty of Peace between France and Germany. 

(Frankfort.) 1954 

447 12th Oct. Additional Convention between France and Germany. 

Alsace-Lorraine. (Berlin.) 1964 

448. • • July — Dec. Protocols between France and Germany. Peace. (Frank- 
fort.) 1966 

449 11th Dec. Additional Convention of Peace between France and 

Germany. (Frankfort.) 1968 

1873. 
* . . . . 8th June Firman of the Sultan of Turkey. Succession, &c., in Egypt. 

1874. 

450 27th Aug. Final Protocol between Great Britain, &c., and Russia. 

Rules and Usages of War. (Brussels.) 1974 

1875. 

451 20th Jan. British Reply to Russian Circular. Proposals respecting 

Laws and Usages of War. (London.) 1976 

* 8e« Appendix. 



THE 

MAP OF EUROPE, BY TREATY, 

1814 to 1875. 



IHO.1.— DEFINITIVE TREATY of Peace between Great 
Britain^ ^c. {Austria^ Portugal, Pniasia^ Ruesiuj Spaiu^ 
Sweden), and France. Signed at Pan\ 30/A May, 1814.* 

[Ratifications exchanged at Loudon^ 17th June, 1814.] 

[Separate Treaties containing the same Stipulations, verbatim 
were concluded, on the same day, between Fmnce and Austria, 
Portugal,! Prussia, Russia, and Sweden ; and on tiie 20th .Inly, 
1814, between France and Spain. No. 3.] 

Abt. . Tablk. 

Preamble. 

1. Peftco and Friendship. 

2. Limits of France, as in 1792. 

3. Increase of French Territorify on side of Belgium, Oermnnif, and Italju. 

Fortress of Landau retained bj France. Frontier of tlit» Rhine. 
Geneva. Monaco. Avignon. Comital VenaiJiitin. Couifr ile Mont- 
hSliard. Fortificationst. Private Property on the Frontier^. Boundary 
Commissions. Maps. 

4. Communications with Geneva. Versoif Road. 

5. Kayigation of the Rhine, and of other Ricfrx, 

6. Territory and Sovereignty of Holland. Federation of German if. Inde- 

pendence of Switzerland. Soven»ign Stuten of Italif. 

7. Soyereifrnty of Malta, 

8. Rettoratiou by Great Britain of French Colonies, Fisheries, Factorit**, 

and Establishments. Cession to Ghroat Britain of Tobago, St. Lucia, 
Ide of France {MavrifiuM), Rodriguei, and Les Sechelleg. Cession uf 
Part of St. Domingo to Spain. 



• This Treaty was eonfirmcKl by tlie Dtjlinitive Treaty of 20th November, 
1816, Art. XI. 

t The Article in the Portugue«o Treaty relating to the restitution of 
Ouiana to France was modified by Arts. CVI and CYIT of the Vienna Con- 
grese Treaty of 9th June, 1815, and by the Convention between France aud 
Portugal of 2Sth August. 1817. 

1 W 



30 May, 1814.] GREAT BEITiJN, &c., AND FRAXCE. [No. 1 

[1st Peace of Paria.] 

Abt. Table (continued). 

9. Restoration by Sweden of Ouadaloupe to France. 

10. Restoration by Portugal of French Guiana to France. Mediation of 

Great Britain ; Boundaries of French Guiana, 

11. Fortresses, Ac., in Colonies restored to France. 

12. Commerce, Ac, of France in Britiah India. French Fortifications and 

Qarri:*ons in India. 
18. French right of Fishery at Newfoundland, and Gulf of St. Lawrence. 

14. Periods of restoration of French Coloniex, &c. 

15. Division of Ships of War, Arsenals, &c., between France and the Allies, 

Dutch Fleet in the Texel excepted. Return of Workmen, Seamen, 
Ac, to France. Port of Antwerp. 

16. Persons and Property in Countries restored, and Debts of Private 

Individuals. 

17. Right of Emigration. 

18. Renunciation of Government Claims for Contracts, &c. 

19. Liquidation of Private Chiims by France. 

20. Commissioners of Claims. 

21. Debts ill Countries no longer belonging to France. 

22. Pensions, Ac., of Persons no longer French Svbjectx. 

23. Securities. 

24. Caisae cTAmortixsement, 

25. Cai^e de Service, Caisxe d* Amort istement, Ac. 

26. Termination of Pensions. 

27. Guarantiee of Purchasers of National Domains. 

28. Abolition of Droits dAubaine, de Detraction, Ac., in Countries lately 

incorporated with France. 

29. Restitution by France of Foreign Bonds and Deeds. 

30. Sums due for Public Works in Departments detached from France. 

31. Archives, Maps, Ae., of ceded Countries. 

32. Plenipotentiaries to meet in General Congress at / 'ienna. 

33. Ratifications. 

[See Ailditional, Separate, and Secret Articles, page 17.] 

(English Version.*) 

In the Name of the Most H0I3' and rndivided Trinity. 

His Majesty, the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, and his Allies on the one part, and His 
Majesty the King of France and Navarre on the other \mvt, 
animated by an equal desire to terminate the long agitations of 
Eunipe, and the sufferings of Mankind, by a pennanent Peace, 
founded upon a just repartition of forw l)etwecn its States, and 
containing in its Stipulations the pledge of its durability ; and 
His Britannic Majesty, together with liis Allies, being unwilling 

• For French Ters'on, jve "State Papers," vol. i. p. 151. 
2 



No. 1] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCK. [30 May, 1814 

[lot Peace of Paria.] 

to require of France, now that, rcplaccd under tlic paternal 
Government of Her Kings, she offers the assurance of security 
and stability to Europe, the conditions and guarantees vhicli 
they had -with regret demanded from her former Government, 
Tlicir said Majesties have named Plenipotentiaries to discuss, 
settle, and sign a Treaty of Peace and Amity ; namely, 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Robert Stewart, 
Viscoimt Castlereagh, one of His said Majesty's Most Honour- 
able Privy Council, Member of Parliament, Colonel of the 
Londondeny Regiment of Militia, and his Piincipal Secretary' of 
State for Foreign Affairs, &c., &c., &c. ; the Right Honourable 
George Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen, Viscount Formartine, I-ionl 
Haddo, Methlic, Tarvis, and Kellie, &c., one of the Sixte<'n 
Peers representuig the Peerage of Scotland^ in the House of 
Lords, Knight of His Majesty's Most Ancient and Most Nobl<» 
Order of the Thistle, his Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenii)o- 
tentiaiy to His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty ; the Right 
Honourable AVilliam Shaw Cathcart, Viscount Cathcart, Bai-on 
Cathcart and Greenock, one of His Majesty's Most Honourable 
Privy Conncil, Knight of his Order of the Thistle, and of tlu* 
Orders of Russia, General in His Majesty's Army, and his 
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to His Majesty 
the Emperor of all the Kussias ; and the Honourable Sir Charles 
William Stewart, Knight of His Majesty's Most Honourable 
Order of the Bath, Member of Parliament, Lieutenant-Geneml in 
His Majest3''s Anny, Knight of the Prussian Orders of the Black 
and Red Eagle, and of several others, and his Envoy Extraordinaiy 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Majesty the King of Prussia ; 

And His Majesty the King of France and Navaire, Charles 
Maurice de Talleyrand Perigord, Prince of Bene vent, Great Eagle 
of the Legion of Honour, Knight of the Black and Red Eagle of 
Prussia, Grand Cross of the Order of Jjeopold of Austria, Knight 
of the Russian Order of St. Andrew, and His siiid ^Lajesty^s 
Minister and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs ; 

Who having exchanged their Full Powers, found in good and 
due form, have agreed upon the following Articles : 

Peace and Friendship, 

Art. I. There shall be from this day forward perpetual Pence . 
and Friendship between His Britannic Majesty and his Allies on 

3 n 2 



30 May, 18U.] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 1 

[iBt Peace of Paris.] 

the one part, and Uis Majesty tlie King of France and Navarre 
on the other, their Heirs and Successors, their Dominions and 
Subjects, respectively. 

The High Contracting Parties shall devote their best attention 
to maintain, not only between themselves, but, inasmuch as 
depends upon them, between all the States of Europe, that 
harmony and good understanding which are so necessary for 
their tranquillit}-. 

Limits of France, as in 1792.* 
Art. n. The Kingdom of France retains its limits entire, as 
they existed on the 1st of January, 1792. It shall further 
receive the increase of Tenitory comprised within the line 
established by the following Article : 

Increase ofFrencLTerritori/ on side of Belgium, Germany, andltalt/,* 
Art. in. On the side of Belgium, 6ennany,t and Italy,J the 
Ancient Frontiers shall be re-established as they existed the 1st 
of Januaxy, 1792, extending from the North Sea, between 
Dunkirk and Nieuport, to the Mediten-anean between Cagnes and 
Nice, with the following modifications : 

1. In the Department of Jcmappes, the Cantons of Dour, 
Merbes-le-Chateau, Beaumont, and Chimay, shall belong to 
France; where the line of demarcation comes in contact with 
the Canton of Dour, it shall pass between that Canton and those 
of Boussu and Paturage, and likewise further on it shall pass 
between the Canton of Merbes-le-Chateau and those of Binch 
and Thuin. 

2. In the Department of Sambre and Mouse, the Cantons of 
Walcourt, Florennes, Beauraing, and Gedinne, shall belong to 
Fi*ance ; where the demarcation reaches tliat Department it shall 
follow the line which separates the said Cantons from the 
Department of Jemappes, and from the remaining Cantons of 
the Department of Sambre and Meuse. 

3. In the Depaitment of the Moselle, the now demarcation^ 
at the point where it diverges from the old line of Frontier, shall 

* See Map facing p. 28. This Bouudary was altered bj the Definitire 
Treaty between the 5 Allied Powers and France of 20th November, 1815. 

t This Boundary was altered bj the Preliminary Treaty of Peace between 
France and G^ermany of 26th February, 1871. 

t See Separate and Secret Articles, p. 18. This Boundaxy was altered 
by the Treaty between France and Sardinia of 24th March, 1860. 

1 



Ho. 1] GREAT BRITAIN, &-., AND FRANCE. [30 May, 1814. 

[1st Peac« of Paris.] 

be formed by ^ line to be drawn from Perle to Fremersdorff, and 
by the limit which separates the Canton of Tholey from the 
remaining Cantons of the said Department of the Moselle. 

4. In the Department of La Sarre, the Cantons of Saarbruck 
and Ameval shall continue to belong to France, as likewise the 
portion of the Canton of Lebach which is situated to the south of 
a line drawn along the confines of the Villages of Herchenbach, 
Ueberhofen, flilsbach, and Hall (leaving these different places 
out of the French Frontier), to the point where, in the neighbour- 
hood of Querselle (which place belongs to France), the lino which 
separates the Cantons of Ameval and Ottweiler reaches that 
which separates the Cantons of Ameval and Lebach. The 
Frontier on this side shall be formed by the line above described, 
and afterwards by that which separates the Canton of Ameval 
from that of Bliescastel. 

Fortress of Landau to he retained hy France,^ 

5. The Fortress of Landau having, before the year 1792, 
formed an Insulated point in Germany, France retains beyond her 
Frontiers a portion of the Departments of Mount Tonnerre and of 
the Lower Rhine, for the purpose of uniting the said Fortress and 
its radius to the rest of the Kingdom. The new demarcation 
from the point in the neighbourhood of Obersteinbach (which 
place is left out of the limits of France) where the Boundary 
between the Department of the Moselle and that of Mount 
Tonnerre reaches the Department of the Lower Rhine, shall follow 
the line which separates the Cantons of Wissenbourg and Berg- 
zabem (on the side of France) from the Cantons of Permasens, 
Dahn, and Answeiler (on the side of Germany), as far as the point 
near the Village of VoUmersheim, where that lino touches the 
ancient radius of the Fortress of Landau. From this radius, 
which remains as it was in 1792, the new Frontier shall follow the 
arm of the River de la Queich, which on leaving the said radius 
of Queichheim (that place remainhig to France) flows near the 

• This Fortress was restored to Q^rmanj b^ Art. I of tlie Definitive Treaty 
of 20th Norember, 1815. By Art. II of the Treaty between Austria and 
Bavaria of 16fcb April, 1816, Landau was given to Bavaria. By Art. II of the 
Treaty between the 4 Allied Powers of 20th July, 1819, Bavaria was confirmed 
in ibe possession of Landau; and by Art. Ill of the same Treaty, the 
Fortress of Landau was declared to be one of the Fortresses of the Germanic 
Confederation. On tho 6th July, 1869, a Protocol was signed between 
North Ghermany, Bavaria, &c., respecting the Joint Property of the Movable 
Haterirl of War in the Federal Fortresses of Landau, &c. 



30»tay,1814.] OEEAT BEITAIN, &c., AND FRANOB.' [Ho. 1 

[l8t Peace of Paris.] 

Villages of Merlenheim, Kuittolsheim, and Belheini (these places 
also belonging to France) to the Rhine, which from thence shall 
continue to form the boundary of France and Germany. 

Frontier of the Rhine, 
The main stit^am (Thahveg) of the Rhine shall constitute the 
Frontier ; provided, however, that the changes which may here- 
after take place in the course of that river shall not a£fect the 
property of the Islands. The right of possession in these Islands 
shall be re-established as it existed at the signature of the Treaty 
of Luneville.* 

6. In the Department of the Doubs, the Frontier shall be so 
regulated as to commence above the Ran^onni^re near Locle, and 
follow the Crest of the Jura between the Cerneux-Pequiguot 
and the Village of Fontenelles, as far as the peak of that moun- 
tain, situated about 7,000 or 8,000 feet to the north-west of the 
Village of La Bi-evine, where it shall again fall in with the ancient 
Boundary of France. 

Oeneva.f 

7. In the Depaiiment of the Leman, the Frontiers between 
the French Territory, the Pays de Vaud, and the different portions 
of the Territory of the Republic of Oeneva (which is to form part 
of Switzerland) remain as they were before the incorporation of 
Oeneva with France. But the Cantons of Frangy and of 
St Julien (with the exception of the districts situated to the north 
of a luie drawn from the point where the River of La Laire enters 
the Territory of Geneva near Chancy, following the confines of 
Sesequin, Laconex, and Seseneuve, which shall remain out of the 
limits of France), the Canton of Reignier (with the exception of 
the portion to the east of a line which follows the confines of the 
Muraz, Bussy, Pers, and Cornier, which shall be out of the French 
limits), and the Canton of La Roche (with the exception of the 
places called La Roche and Armanoy, with their districts) shall 
remain to France. The Frontier shall follow the limits of these 
diffea»nt Cantons, and the line which se|)arates the Districts con- 
tinuing to belong iA) France, from those which she does not retain. 

8. In the Department of Mont-Blanc, France acquires the 
Sub-Pi^fecture of Cliamlx»ry (with the exception of the Cantons 

• (0th February, 1801.) See Appendix. 

t Seo Seporalo and Secret Ariiclofl, p. 18. See also Art. LXXXV of the 
Yiouna Congrese Treaty of 0th June, 1815. 

G 



Ho. 1] GBEAT BBITAIN, Ac., AND FBANCE. [30 May, 1814. 

[Itt Peace of Paris.] 

of L*H6pita], St. PieiTe d'Albigny, La Kocette, and MoDtnieliaD), 
and the Sub-Prefecture of Annecy (with the exception of tlio 
portion of the Canton of Faverges, situated to the cast of a line' 
passing between Oureclmise aid ^larleT.s on tlie side f>f France, 
and Marthod and Ugine on tLo upjxjsitc side, and which after- 
wards follows the crest of the mountains as far as the Frontier 
of the Canton of Thones) ; this line, together with tlic limit of the 
Cantons before mentioned, shall on this side form the new Frontier. 
On the side of the Pyrenees, the Frontiers between the two 
Kingdoms of France and Spain remain such as they were on tlio 
1st of January, 1792, and a Joint Commission shall be nanieil on 
the part of the two Crowns for the purpose of finally determining 
the line. 

Monaco.* 

France on her part renounces all rights of Sovereignty, 
Suzerainete\ and of possession, over all the Countries, Districtw, 
Towns, and places situated beyond the Frontier above described, 
the Principality of Monaco being replaced on the same footing on 
which it stood before the 1st of January, 1792. 

Avignon, Comitat VeTiaisstn, Comte de Monihdliard, 
The Allied Powers assure to France the possession of the 
Principality of Avignon, of the Comitat Venaissin, of the Comte 
of Montbeliard) together with the several insulated Territories 
which formerly belonged to Germany, comprehended withm the 
Frontier above described, whether they have been incorporated 
with France before or after the 1st of January, 1792.t 

Fartificattotis. Primte Property on the Frontiers, 
The Powers reserve to themselves, reciprocally, the complete 
right to fortify any point in their respective States which they 
may judge necessary for their security .J 

To prevent all injury to Private Property, and protect, 
according to the most liberal principles, the property of Indi- 
viduals domiciliated on the Frontiers, there shall be named, by 

* It WM declared byjthe DefinitiTo Treaty of 20th NoYomber, 1815, that the 
BdatioDs thna establi^od between France and Monaco should cease, and 
that the Mune delations should exist between that Principality and Sardinia. 
By the Treaty between Franco and Monaco of 2ud February, 1861, Mentone 
and Boquebnme were ceded to France. 

t See Protert of the Pope, 12th June, 1815. 

X See Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815, Art. XC. 

7 



30 May, 1814J GEEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FEANCE. [No. 1 

[l8t Peace of Paris.] 

each of the States bordering on France, Commissioners who shall 
proceed, conjointly with French Commissioners, to the delineation 
of the respective Boundaries. 

Boundary Commissions. Maps. 
As soon as the Commissioners shall have performed then* task, 
Maps shall be drawn, signed by the respective Commissioners, 
and posts shall be placed to point out the reciprocal Bonndaries. 

Communications with Geneva. Versoy Road. 
Art. IV. To secure the communications of the Town of 
Geneva with other parts of the Swiss Territory situate on the 
Lake, France consents that the Road by Yersoy shall be common 
to the two Countries. The respective Govei-nments shall amicably 
arrange the means for preventing smuggling, regulating the 
ix)sts, and maintaining the said Road.* 

Navigation of the Rhine ; and of other Rivers. 

Art. V. The Navigation of the Rhine, from the pomt where 
it becomes navigable unto the sea, and vice versd^ shall be free, so 
that it can be interdicted to no one : — and at the future Congress 
attention shall be paid y> the establishment of the principles 
according to which the duties to be raised by the States bordering 
on the Rhine may be regulated, in the mode the most impartial 
and the most favourable to the commerce of all Nations.! 

The future Congress, with a view to facilitate the conununi- 
eation between Nations, and continually to render them less 
strangers to each other, shall likewise examine and determine in 
what manner the al>ove provisions can be extended to other Rivers 
which, in their navigable course, separate or traverse different 
States.! 

Territory and Sovereignty of Holland.\ 

Art. VI. Holland, placed under the Sovereignty of the House 
of Orange, shall receive an increase of Territory.§ The title and 
exercise of that Sovereignty shall not in any case belong to a 
Prince wearing, or destined to wear, a Foreign Crovm. 

• See Yiexma Congref s Treaty of 9th June, 1816, Art. LXXIX. 
t See Begulations of the Congress of Vienna of 11th March, 1815. 
t See Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1816, Art. LXVI. 
S See Secret Article III, p. 19. 

8 



Ho. 1] GREAT BBITAIN, Ac, AND FRAXGE. [80 May, 1814. 

[1st Poaoa of Farit.] 

Federation of Germany. '* 

The States of Germany shall be independent, and united by a 
Federative Bond. 

Independence of Switzerland.^ 
Switzerland, Independent, shall continue to govern herself. 

Sovereign States of Italy.X 

Italy, beyond the limits of the countries which are to revert 
to Austria, shall be composed of Sovereign States. 

Sovereignty of Malta, 
kxt. YII. The Island of Malta and its Dependencies shall 
belong in full right and Sovereignty to His Britannic Majesty. 

Restoration by Great Britain of French Colonies^ Fisheries^ FaC' 
torieSy and Establishments. Cession of Tobago^ St, Lucia^ Isle 
of France {Mauritius)^ Rodrigues and Les Sechelles to Great 
Britain ; and of part of St. Domingo to Spain. 

Abt. VIII. His Britannic Majesty, stipulating for himself and 
his Allies, engages to restore to His Most Christian Majesty, 
within the term which shall be hereafter fixed, the Colonies, 
fisheries, Factories, and Establishments of every kind which 
were possessed by France on the 1st of January, 1792, in the 
Seas and on the Continents of America, Africa, and Asia ; with 
the exception, however, of the Islands of Tobago and St. Lucia, 
and of the Isle of France and its Dependencies, especially 
Rodrigues and Les Sechelles, which several Colonies and Posses- 
sions His Most Christian Majesty cedes in full right and 
Sovereignty to His Britannic Majesty, and also the portion of 
St. Domingo ceded to France by the Treaty of Bas]e,§ and which 
His Most Christian Majesty restores in full right and Sovereignty 
to His Catholic Majesty. 

Restoration by Sweden of Guadalovpe to France. 
Aht. IX. His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, in 

• See Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th Juno, 1815, Arts. LIH to LXIV 
and LXYII. 

t See Declaration of the 8 Powers of 20tli March, 1815 ; Vienna Congress 
Treaty of 9th Jane, 1815 ; and Act of the 5 Powers of 20th Norcmber, 1815. 

J See Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815, Art. XCV. 

§ Annulled. 

9 



30 May, 1814.] GKBAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FBANCE. [No. 1 

[Itt Peace of Paris.] 

virtue of the arrangements stipulated with the Allies,* and in 
execution of the preceding Article, consents that the Island of 
Guadaloupe be restored to His Most Christian Majesty, and gives 
up all the rights he may have acqmred over that Island. 

Restoration by Portugal of French Guiana to France.f 

Art. X. Iler Most Faithful Majesty, in virtue of the arrange 
mcnts stipulated with her Allies, and in execution of the Vlllth 
Article, engages to restore French Guiana as it existed on the 
1st of January, 1792, to His Most Christian Majesty, within the 
term hereafter fixed. 

Mediation of Great Britain; Boundaries of French Guiana, 

The renewal of the dispute which existed at that period on the 
subject of the Frontier, being the effect of this Stipulation, it is 
agreed that the dispute shall be terminated by a friendly arrange- 
ment between the two Courts, under the Mediation of Ilis Britannic 
Majesty.J 

Fortresses^ <$•(?., in Colonies restored to France, 

Abt. XI. The Places and Forts in those Colonies and Settle- 
ments, which, by virtue of the Ylllth, IXth, and Xth Articles, are 
to be restored to His Most Christian Majesty, shall be given up 
in the state in which they may be at the moment of the signature 
of the present Treaty. 

Commerce^ j-Cj of France in British India, 
Abt. XII. His Britannic Majesty guarantees to the subjects 
of His Most Christian Majesty the same facilities, privileges, and 
protection, with respect to Commerce, and the security of their 
Persons and Property within the limits of the British Sovereignty 
on the Continent of India, as are now, or shall be granted to the 
most favoured Nations. 

French Fortifications and Garrisons in India^ 
His Most Christian Majesty, on his part, having nothing 

* See Treaty between Great Britain and Sweden of 13th August, 1814. 
Appendix. 

t This Article was annulled by Art. CVI of the Vienna CongreM Treaty 
of 0th June, 1815, when another Article was substituted for it. 

t See Treaty of 28th August, 1817. 

10 



Ho. 1] GBEAT BRITAIN, Slc., AND FEAKCE. [30 Maj, 1814. 

[1st Psace of Farit.] 

tskose at heart than the perpetual duration of Peace between the 
two Growna of England and of France, and wishing to do his 
utmost to avoid anything which might affect their mutual grxxl 
understanding, engages not to erect any Fortifications in the 
estaUiflhments which are to be restored to him within the limits 
of the British Sovereignty upon the Continent of India, and only 
to place in those establishments the number of Troops necessary 
for the maintenance of the Police. 

French right of Fishery at Newfoundland and Gulf of St, Lawrence. 

Abt. XIII. The French right of Fishery upon the Great Bank 
of Newfoundland, upon the Coasts of the Island of that name, 
and of the adjacent Islands in the Oulf of St. Lawrence, shall 
be replaced upon the footing on which it stood in 1792. 

Periods of Restoration of French Colonies^ ^c, 

Abt. XIV. Those Colonies, Factories, and Establishments, 
which are to be restored to His Most Christian Majesty by His 
Britannic Majesty or his Allies in the Northern Seas, or in the 
Seas on the Continents of America and Africa, shall be given up 
within the three months, and those which are beyond the Cape of 
Good Hope within the six months which follow the Ratification 
of the present Treaty. 

Dwision of Ships of War^ Arsenals^ ((-c, between France and the 

Allies. 
AxT. XV. The High Contracting Parties having, by tlio IVth 
Article of the Convention of the 23rd of April last,* reserved to 
themselves the right of disposing, in the present Definitive Treaty 
of Peace, of the Arsenals and Ships of War, armed and unarmed, 
which may be found in the Maritime I^aces restored by the Ilnd 
Article of the said Convention, it is agreed, that the said Vessels 
and Ships of War, armed and unarmed, together with the Naval 
Ordnance and Naval Stores, and all materials for building and 
equipment, shall be divided between France and the Countries 
where the said Places arc situated, in the proportion of two-thirds 
for France, and one-third for the Power to whom the said Places 
shall belong. The Ships and Vessels on the stocks, which shall 
not be launched within six weeks after the signature of the pre- 

• Soe Appendix. 
11 



30 May, 1814.] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. [No. 1 

[Itt Peace of Paris.] 

sent Treaty, shall be considered as materials, and after being 
broken up shall be, as such, divided in the same proportions. 

Return of Workmen^ Semnen, ^c, to France. 
Commissioners shall be named on both sides, to settle the 
division, and draw up a statement of the same, and Passports or 
Safe Conducts shall be granted by the Allied Povrers for the pur- 
pose of securing the return into France of the Workmen, Seamen, 
and others in the employment of France. 

Dutch Fleet in the Texel excepted. 

The Vessels and Arsenals existing in the Maritime Places 
which were already in the power of the Allies before the 23rd 
April, and the Vessels and Arsenals which belonged to Holland, 
and especially the Fleet in the Texel, are not comprised in the 
above Stipulations. 

The French Government engages to withdraw, or to cause to 
be sold, everything which shall belong to it by the above Stipula- 
tions, withm the space of three months after the division shall 
have been carried into effect. 

Port of Antwerp. '* 
Antwerp shall for the future be selely a Commercial Port. 

Persons and Property in Countries restored^ and Debts of 
Pnvate Individuals. 
Art. XVI. The High Contracting Parties, desirous to bury in 
entire oblivion the dissensions which have agitated Europe, 
declare and promise that no Individual, of whatever rank or con- 
dition he may be, in the Countries restored and ceded by the 
present Treaty, shall be prosecuted, disturbed, or molested, in his 
Person or Property, irnder any pretext whatsoever, either on account 
of his conduct or political opinions, his attachment either to any 
of the Contracting Parties, or to 'any Government which has 
ceased to exist, or for any other reason, except for Debts con- 
tracted towards individuals, or acts posterior to the date of the 
present Treaty .f 

Right of Emigration. 

Art. XVII. The native Inhabitants and Aliens of whatever 

• See also Treaty between the 5 Powers and Netherlands of 19th April, 
I, Art. XIV. 

t See Vienna Congrew Treaty of 9tli June, 1816, Art. dll. 

12 



No. 1] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [30 Hay, 1814. 

[1st Peace of Farit.] 

Nation and conditioii they may be, in those Countries which are to 
change Sovereigns, as well in virtue of the present Treaty as of 
the subsequent arrangements to which it may give rise, shall be 
allowed a period of six years, reckoning from the exchange of the 
Eatifications, for the purpose of disposing of their property, if 
they think fit, whether it be acquired before or during the present 
War, and retiring to whatever Country they may choose. 

Renunciation of Government Claims for Contracts^ ^c* 

Abt. XVlII. The Allied Powers desiring to offer His Most 
Christian Majesty a new proof of their anxiety to arrest, as far as 
in them lies, the bad consequences of the disastrous epoch 
fortunately terminated by the present Peace, i-enounce all the 
sums which their Governments claim from France, whether on 
account of Contracts, Supplies, or any other advances whatsoever 
to the French Government, during the dififerent Wars which have 
taken jdace since 1792. 

His Most Christian Majesty, on his part, renounces every 
daim which he might bring forward against the Allied I'owers on 
the same grounds. In execution of this Article, the High Con- 
tracting Parties engage reciprocally to deliver up all titles, 
obligations, and documents, which relate to the Debts they may 
have mutually cancelled. 

Liquidation of Private Claims bt/ France. 

Art. XIX. The French Government engages to liquidate and 
pay all Debts it may be found to owe in Countries beyond its own 
Territory, on account of Contracts, or other formal engagements 
between Individuals, or Private Establishments, and the French 
Authorities, as well for Supplies, as in satisfaction of legal 
engagements.f 

Commissioners of Claims, 

Art. XX. The High Contracting Parties, immediately after 

the exchange of the Ratifications of the present Treaty, shall 

name Commissioners to direct and superintend the execution of 

the whole of the Stipulations contained in the XVIIIth and 

* See Separate and Secret Articles, p. 18. 

t See Definitive Treaty of 20th November, 1815 ; Conventions of 20th 
November, 1815 ; Convention ' of 23th April, 1818 ; and Additional Article 
of 4tii July, 1818. 

13 



30 May, 1814.] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. [No. 1 

[l8t Peace of Paris.] 

XIX th Ailicles.* These Commissioners shall undertake the exami- 
nation of the Claims referred to in the preceding Article, the 
liquidation of the Sums claimed, and the consideration of the 
manner in which the French Government may propose to pay 
them. They shall also be charged with the delivery of the Titles, 
Bonds, and the Documents relating to the Debts which the High 
Contracting Parties mutually cancel, so that the approval of the 
result of Iheir labours shall complete that reciprocal renunciation. 

Dehia in Countries no longer belonging to France, 
Art. XXI. The Debts which in their origin were specially 
mortgaged upon the Countries no longer belonging to France, or 
were contracted for the support of their internal administration, 
shall remain at the charge of the said Countries. Such of those 
Debts as have been converted into Inscriptions in the Great Book 
of the Public Debt of France, shall accordingly be accounted for 
with the French Government after the 22nd of December, 1818. 

The Deeds of all those Debts which have been prepared for 
inscription, and have not yet been entered, shall be ddivered to 
the Governments of the respective Countries. The statement of 
all these Debts shall be drawn up and settled by a Joint Commis- 
sion. 

Pensions^ ^c, of Persons no longer French Subjects. 

Art. XXII. The French Grovemment shall remain charged 
with the reimbursement of all sums paid by the subjects of the 
said Countries into the French Coffers, whether under the denomi- 
nation of Surety, Deposit, or Consignment.t 

In like manner all French Subjects, employed in the service 
of the said Countries, who have paid sums under the denomina- 
tion of Surety, Deposit, or Consignment, int^ their respective 
Territories, shall be faithfully reimbursed. 

Sicuvt'tiefi, 
Art. XXIII. The Functionaries holding situations requiring 
Securities, who are not charged with the expenditure of public 
money, shall be reimbursed at Paris, wilh the interest by fifths 
and by the year, dating from the signature of the present 
Treaty. 

* The British CommisBioncrs wero : The Hon. Charles Bagot, Mr. Colin 
A. Maclccnzie, and Mr. A. E. Impey. 

t See OonTention between the 5 Powers of 25th April, 1818, Art. IT. 

14 



Ho. r aRBAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. 33 May, 1814. 

[1st Peaoe of ParU.l 

With respect to those who are accountable^ this iLMinburse- 
ment shall oominence, at the latest, six months after tlio presenta- 
tiou of their Accounts, except only in cases of malversation. A 
Copy of the last Account shall be transmitted to the Goveniment 
of their Countries, to serve for their infoi-matiou and guidance. 

Caisse (rAntorttssement. 
Abt. XXIV. The Judicial Deposits and Consignments upon 
the " Caisse cCAmortissement^* in the executioi\ of the Law of 
28 Nivose, year 13 (18th January, 1805), and which beloug to 
the Inhabitants of the Countries France ceases to jx)ssess, shall, 
within the space of one year from the exchange of the Ratifica- 
tions of the present Treaty, be placed in the hands of the 
Authorities of the said Countries, with th^^ exception of those 
Deposits and Consignments interesting French subjects, which 
last will remain in the *' Caisse (V Amortissem^nt^*^ and will only be 
given up on the production of the vouchers resulting fiom the 
decisions of com|>etent Authorities. 

Caisse de Service^ CaitAe cV Am/irtissement^ (J*c. 

Art. XXV. The Funds deposited by tlie Cor|X)rations and 
Public Establishments in the " Caiase de SerxHce'* and in the 
" Cnisse d'Amortissementy'* or other " Caissex,*' of tlu^ Fi-eiicli 
Government, shall be reimbursed by fifths, payable from year to 
year, to commence from the date of the present Treaty ; deduct- 
ing the advances which have taken place, and subject to such 
regular charges as may have been brought forward against these 
Funds by the Creditors of the said Corporations and the said 
Public Establishments. 

TenntJiatiofi of Pensions, 

Art. XXVI. From the fu'st day of January, 1814, the French 
Government shall cease to be charged with the payment of 
Pensions, Civil, Military, and Ecclesiastical, pt^nsions for retire- 
ment, and allowances for reduction, to any Individual who shall 
cease to be a French Subject. 

Gudrantee of Purchasers of National Domains. 

Art, XXVII. National Domains acquired for valuable con- 
siderations by French Subjects in the late Departments of Belgium, 
and of the left bank of the Rhine and the Alps, beyond the 

If* 



30 May, 1814.] aHEAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. [Ho. 1 

[let Peace of Paris.] 

ancieut limits of Franoe, and which now cease to belong to her, 
shall be guaranteed to the purchasers. 

Abolition of Droits iVAuhaiiie^ de Detraction^ ^c, i» Couniriei* 
lately Incorporated with France. 

Art. XXVIIl. The abolition of the " Droits d'Aubaine;* 
^^ de Detraction^** and other duties of the same nature, in theCoon- 
tries which have been formerly incorporated, or which have 
reciprocally made that stipulation with France, shall be expressly 
maintained. 

Restitution hy France of Foreign Bonds and Deeds. 

Art. XXIX. The Fi-ench Government engages to restore all 
Bonds, and other Deeds which may have been seized in the Pro- 
\4nce8 occupied by the French Armies or Administrations ; and in 
cases where sucli i-estitution cannot be effected, these Bonds and 
Deeds become and continue void. 

Suuis Due for Public Works in DepartmentK detached from 
France. 

Art. XXX. The Smns which shall be duo for all Works of 
public utility not yet finished, or finished after the 31.st of 
Dei-embcr, 1812, whether on the Rhine or in the Department^j 
detached from Fmnce by the present Tivaty, shall be placed to 
the account of the future Po3Bess<ji-8 of the Territory, and shall 
Ik3 paid by the Commission charged with the licjuidation of the 
Debts of that Country. 

Archives^ Maps^ (J-c, of ceded CouHtriei*. t 

Art. XXXI. All Archives, Maps, Plans, and Documents what- 
ever, belonging to the ceded Countries, or respecting their 
Administration, shall be faithfully given up at the same time 
with the said Countries ; or if that should be impossible, within 
a period not exceeding six montlis after the cession of the 
(Countries themselves. 

This stipulation applies to the Archives, Maps, and Plates, 
which may have been carried away from the Countries during 
their tem[K)rar>' ocx!upation by the different Armies. 

Plenipotentiaries to meet in General Congress at Vienna, 

Art. XXXII. All the Powers engaged on eiiher sidt» in the 

IG 



No. 1] GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE. [30 May, 1814' 

[l8t Peace of Parle.] 

present War, shall, within the space of two months, send Pleni- 
potentiaries to Vienna, for the purpose of regulating, in General 
Congress, the Arrangements which are to complete the provisions 
of the present Treaty.* 

Ratifications, 

Art. XXXIII. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications shall be exchanged within the period of 15 days, or 
sooner if possible. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed and affixed to it the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the SOth of May, in the year of Our Lord, 1814. 



fL.S.) CASTLEREAGH, 

(L.S.) ABERDEEN, 

(L.S.) CATHCART, 

(L.S ) CHARLES STEWART, Lieut.-General, 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT, for France. 



for Great 
Britain. 



(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH, l . ... 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE STADION, / '^^ A"s^"»- 

(L.S.) COMTE DE FUNCHAL, for Portugal. 

(L.S.) BARON DE HARDENBURG, IforPmssia 

(L.S.) BARON DE HUMBOLDT, / ^^^ ^^^issia. 

(L.S.) COMTE DE RASOUMOFFSKI, ] r,,, r^,,:^ 

(L.S.) COMTE DE NESSELRODE, f ^^'^ ^^s^^*- 

(L.S.) M. DOMINGOS, 1 

(L.S.) ANTONIO DE SOUZA CON- > for Spain. 

TINHO, J 

(L.S.) COMTE C. DE STEDINGK, l . ^^ ,^„ 

(L.S.) BR. G. DE AVETTERSTEDT, / ^^^ ^^eaen. 



* The Plempotentiaries met again in Congress at Vienna on the 22nrl 
September, 1814, and closed their labours on the 19th June, 1815. 



17 



30 May, 1814.] GRBAT BBITAIN AND FRANCE. [No. 1 

[1st Peace of ParU.] 

Additional, Separate, and Secret Articles to the 
TRE.S.TY OP 30th May, 1814. 



Separate and Secret Articles. Great Britain {Amtrm, 
Prussia, and Russia)^ and France. Fans, 50th May^ 1814. 

Separate and Secret Articles, Great Britain^ Austria^ Prussia^ 
Russia, and France. 

Abt. Table. 

1. Balance of Pmcer in Europe, 

2. Austrian and Sardinian Territories in Ital^. Port of Genoa, Guarantee 

of Stcitzerlund. 
8. Territory of Holland. Dutch Frontiers. Navigation of the Scheldt. 
4. Territories of Prussia, Holland, &c. 
6. Renunciation by Finance of Claims for Endowments, Donations, Revenues 

of the Legion of Honour, &c. 
6. Bank of Hamburgh. 

(English version.) 

Balance of Power in Europe. 
Art. I. The disposal of the Territories given up by His Most 
Christian Majesty, under the Illrd Article of the Public Treaty, 
and the relations from whence a system of real and permanent 
Balance of Power in Europe is to be derived, shall be regulated at 
the Congress upon the principles determined upon by the Allied 
Powers among themselves, and according to the general pro- 
visions contained in the following Articles. 

Austrian and Sardinian Territories in Italy.* 
Akt. II. The Possessions of Ilis Imperial and Royal Apostolic 
Majesty in Italy, shall be bounded by the Po, the Tessino, and 
the Lago Maggiore. The King of Sardinia shall return to the 
possession of his ancient Dominions, with the exception of that 
part of Savoy secm-ed to France by the Ilird Article of the 
present Treaty. Ilis Majesty shall receive an increase of Terri- 
tory from the State of Genoa. 

Port of Genoa. 
The Port of Genoa shall continue to be a Free Port ; the Powers 
reserving to themselves the right of making anaugemeirts upon 
this point with the King of Sardinia.f 

• See Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1816, Arts. LXXX, LXXXV, 
LXXXVI, LXXXVIII, LXXXIX, and CXVIII. 

t See Treaty between the 5 Powers and Sardinia of 20th. May, 1816, 
Annex IV. 

18 



No. 1] GBEAT BBITAIN AND FBANCE. [SO Hay, 1814. 

[l8t Peaoe of Parti.] 

Ottarantee of Switzerland * 

France shall acknowledge and guarantee, conjointly with the 
Allied Powers, and on the same footing, the political organization 
which Switzerland shall adopt under the auspices of the said 
Allied Powers, and according to the basis already agreed upon 
with them. 

Territory of Holland.^ Dutch Frontiers. 

Art. III. The establishment of a just Balance of Power in 
Europe requiring that Holland should be so constituted as to be 
enabled to support her Independence through her own resources, 
the Countries comprised between the Sea, the Frontiers of France, 
such as they are defined by the present Treaty, and the Meuse, 
shall be given up for ever to Holland. 

The Frontiers upon the right bank of the Afeuse shall be 
regulated according to the military convenience of Holland, and 
her neighbours. 

Navigation of the Scheldt. 

The freedom of the Navigation of the Scheldt} shall be estab- 
lished upon the same principle which has regulated the Navigation 
of the Rhine, in the Vth Article of the present Treaty. 

Territory of Prussia, JToUand^ ^-c. 
Art. IV. Tlie Grerman Territories upon the left bank of the 
Rhine, which have been united to France since 1792, shall contri- 
bute to the aggrandizement of Holland, and shall be further 
applied to compensate Prussia, and other German States. 

Renunciation by France of Claims for Endoicments, Donations^ 
Revenues of the Legion of Honour^ ^c. 

Art. V. The Renunciation of the French Government con- 
tained in the XVIHth Article § extends especially to all Claims 
which might be brought forward against the Allied Powers, under 
the head of Endowments and Donations, Revenues of the Legion 
of Honour, Senatorships, Pensions, and other charges of the like 
kind. 

• See Declaration of the 8 Powers of 20th March, 1815, and Act of tlie 
5 Fowon of 2Dth Novemher, 1815. 

t Altered bj the Treaty between the 5 Powers and Belgium of IStli 
Norember, 1881 ; and the Treaties of 19th April, 1839. 

X See the Begulations of March, 1815, and the Vienna Congress Treaty of 
9th June, 1815, Art. OXVII. By the Treaties of 16th July and 8rd August, 
1868, the Scheldt Toll was redeenie<l. 

f P. 12. 

lU c 2 






A2T. VI. Vitr Frirnt.ii :T*rnz>rcr Iavzlz :'?«^i bj the Secret 
AraH-e rf'ir- '.■ -iTrcri- c c :]jr z^.- .-i A:rZ 'I'rl4\* :•> make search 
ar:e-. iz'i : r-tk-r -r-'ry -rf rn :.: rwi^vr izk Fczi-i* •>! the Bank 
oc HkZ-'-nriri- T--nrv> t: ?e: c :;»:t -Jie li:« sevenr scmtiny 
t.;- iIt*:- t^ t>.^ 5;iii Jiui?^ iz.*i z-: pcr^-ae ;h-:ee who may be 
f:rzii :-: Lk"r ST'-iiiLei ih.eci-*' 

The rre?e-- Sriikriir izi Se:r« Arrj.i«=$ *LiI! hive the same 
fjr>* \kz*i viliirrr is i: tI-tJ Tri^re iz^seriel w:-ri :■:<' wc-ni. in the 

Ti-?T >1jL1 :e rfcc5eL 4z.'£ :h.f Rad£-ra:i':c:« shall le exchanged 

I- w.:z.es«? '^'*'rf^ c. kb* resce^zCTe PVrm^oc^itianes have 
sfcied azji A^xei to iheci tbe Setkis -x iheir AncA. 

l^jcat at PlrJ?w :bt ^.'tL iiy oc May. Li the year c*f Oar Lcwt] 
1^14. 

L-S.f CAiTLEKILiGH. 
* LjS. I AB£Rr»EEy. 
tLS-f CATH»;JLKT. 

, L5. CHARLES STEWART, Iiem.-General. 

tI-S.» LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 



':^.r^ J/:y, 1>14. 

* ") 

TJati3karl.!i5 eichanpe-i at L^cdr.-^^, 17th June. 1814.] 

»Er.^sJi ver^*; ■:!:.) 
Ai^iiCicrs ./ Fr^!mc.\ S'tsci Tn^-:V, C \*;a.' 5Ainf Trade. 
Ajrr. L His Mocjt Chrlstiin Majesiy, cv>iicuning without 
reserve in the sentisieLts of His Britaaiio Majesty, with mpect 

• S« Appfctiix. 

♦ Se« CocTettaca bcCwen tb* 4 Pow«r» ard FnsM of 3J^ 'SaremJbm, 
1%15. Arc. m, ; &rd Conrezr.:?!! Ivcwmb FTmsii.-e aad Hudboifk of STth 

20 



Mo. 1] aSEAT BBITIIN AND FRANCE. [30 May, 1814. 

[1st Peaoe of Paris.] 

to a description of TraflSc repujjnant to the principles of natural 
justice and of the enlightened age in which we live, engages to 
unite all his efiforts to those of His Britannic Majesty, at the 
approaching Congress, to induce all the Powers of Christendom 
to decree the abolition of the Slave Trade, so that the said Trade 
shall cease universally,* as it shall cease definitively, under any 
circumstances, on the part of the French Government, in the 
course of five years ; and that, during the said period, no Slave 
Merchant shall import or sell Slaves, except in the Colonies of 
the State of which he is a subject. 

Expenses of Prisoners of War, 

Art. II. The British and French Governments shall name, 
without delay. Commissioners to liquidate the accounts of their 
respective expenses for the maintenance of Prisoners of War, in 
order to determine the manner of paying the balance which shall 
appear in favour of the one or the other of the two Powers. 

AKTi III. The respective Prisoners of War, before their 
departure from the place of their detention, shall be obliged to 
discharge the Private Debts they may have contracted, or shall at 
least give sufficient security for the amount. 

Removal of Sequestrations. 

Abt. rV. Immediately after the Ratification of the present 

Treaty of Peace, the Sequesters, which since the year 1792 may 

have been laid on the Funds, Revenues, Debts, or any other effects 

of the High Contracting Parties or their Subjects shall be taken 

off. 

Claims of Bntisk Subjects. 1[ 

The Commissioners mentioned in the Hud Article shall under- 
take the examination of the Claims of His Britannic Majesty's 
Subjects upon the French Government, for the value of the 
Property, moveable or immoveable, illegally Confiscated by the 
French Authorities, as also for the total or partial loss of their 
Debts or other Property, illegally detained under Sequester since 
the year 1792. 

France engages to act towards British Subjects in this 
respect, in the same spirit of justice which the French Subjects 
have experienced in Great Britain ; and His Britannic Majesty, 

* See Deolftration of the 8 Powers of 8th Februarj, 1816. 
t See Gonyentions between Great Britain and Fnuice of 20th NoTeniber, 
1815, and 26th April, 1818. 

21 



30 Hay, 1814.] austbu and franc£. [Mo. 1 

[1st Peaoe of Paris.] 

deeiring to concur in the new pledge which the Allied Powers 
have given to His Most Christian Majesty, of their desire to 
obhterate every trace of that disastrous epoch so happily ter- 
minated by the present Peace, engages on his pait, when com- 
plete justice shall be rendered to his Subjects, to renounce the 
whole amount of the balance which shall appear in his favour for 
support of the Prisoners of War, so that the Ratification of the 
Report of the above Commissioners and the discharge of the sums 
due to British Subjects, as well as the restitution of the effects 
which shall be proved to belong to them, shall complete the 
renunciation. 

Commercial Relations, 

Art. V. The two High Contracting Parties, desiring to 
establish the most friendly relations between their respective 
Subjects, reserve to themselves, and promise to come to a mutual 
understanding and arrangement, as soon as possible, upon their 
Commercial interests, with the view of encouraging and in- 
creasing the prosperity of their respective States. 

The present Additional Articles shall have the same foroe and 
validity as if they were inserted word for word in the Treaty 
Patent of this day. They shall be ratified, and the Ratifications 
shall be exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed and affixed to them the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the dOth day of May, in the year of Our Lord, 
18U. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L.S.) ABERDEEN. 
(L.S.) CATHCART. 

(L.S.) CHARLES STEWART, Lieut..GeneraL 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 



Additional Article. Austria and France. Parisy SOth May^ 

1814. 

SUBJXCT. 

Annulment of effect of Treaties of 1805 and 1809, and of Decreet against 
Fronch Subjects in the service of Austria. 

(English version.) 

Annulment oj effect of Treaties of 1805 and 1809, and of Decrees 

against French Subjects in the service of Austria, 

The High Contracting Parties, being desirous to obliterate 

28 



Ho. 1] AUSTBIA AND FBANC£. [30 May, 1814 . 

[1st Peace of Paris.] 

every traoe of the unhappy events which have weighed upon 
their Countries, have agreed explicitly to annul the effects of the 
Treaties of 1805* and 1809,t in so much as they are not already 
annulled, in fact, hy the present Treaty. In consequence of this 
determination. His Most Christian Majesty promises that the 
Decrees issued against French Subjects, or reputed Fi-ench, being, 
or having been, in the service of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic 
Majesty, shall remain without effect, as well as the judgments 
which may have been given in execution of those Decrees. 

The present Additional Article shall have the same force and 
validity as if it were inserted word for word in the Treaty Patent 
of this day. It shall be ratified, and the Ratifications shall be 
exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same, and aflfixed to it the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 30th of May, in the year of our Lord, 1814. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICU. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE DE STADION. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 



Additional and Secret Articles. Austria mid France. 

Abt. 

1. Payment of Lorraine Rente. 

2. Bdirevy of all Acts relating to German Empire, Belgium^ &c. 

(Translation.) 

Payment of Lorraine Rente. 

Abt. I. From the date of the signature of the present Treaty, 
the payment of the revenue {rente) called Lorraine, shall continue 
the same as up to 1791. 

Delivery of all Acts relating to Oerman Empire^ Belgivm^ 4-c. 

Abt. II. The Court of France engages to deliver to the Com- 
missioners, who shall be appointed for that purpose by the Court 
of Vienna, all the Acts bearing upon the Ancient Empire of 
Germany, Belgium, and other provinces which have formed part 
oi the Austrian Monarchy, and which have been taken from 
the Archives of Vienna. 

* Treaty between Auetria and France of 96th December, 1806, annulled, 
t Treaty between AuBiria and France of lith October, 1809, annulled. 

23 



30 May, 1814.] FRANCE AND PORTUGhAL. [No. 1 

[1st Peaoe of Paris.] 

The present Additional and Secret Articles shall have the 
same foi^*e and validity as if tbey were inserted word for woi-d in 
the Treaty of this day. They shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations thereof shall be exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof, the i-espective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed and aflfixed to them the Seals of their Arms. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT, 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE DE STADION. 



Additional Secret Articles. France and Portugal. 
Paris, 30tk May, 1814. 

Art. Subject. 

1. Restoration of French Guiana. 

2. Claims. 

3. Annulment of Treaties of Badajoz and Madrid of 1801, and of Convention 

of Lisbon of 1804. 

(Translation.) 
Restoration of French Ghiiana,* 
Art. I. His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal 
and of the Algarves, engages and binds himself that those clauses 
of the Capitulation of French Guiana which shall not have been 
executed, shall receive at the time of the restitution of that Colony 
to France, their full and entire fulfihnent. 

Claims, 
Art. II, With reference to the claims which the subjects of 
one of the Contracting Parties may make on the other, there shall 
be perfect reciprocity, so that, for every kind of Claim, what has 
been done by one of the two Governments shall be the rule of the 
other. 

Annulment of Treaties of Badajoz and Madrid of 1801, cww? of 
Convention of Lisbon of 1804. 

Art. III. Although the Treaties, Conventions, and Acts con- 
cluded between the two Contracting Powers before the war, are 
annulled by the fact of the war, the High Contracting Parties 
have nevertheless considered it advisable again expressly to 
declare that the said Treaties, Conventions, and Acts, namely, the 



o 



* See ConyenUon between Frmnoe and Portugal of 28th Auguat, 1817. 

24 



Mo. 1] FRANCE Am) PRUSSIA. [30 May, 1814. 

[1st Peaoe of Paris.] 

Treaties signed at Badajoz and at Madrid in 1801,* and the Con- 
vention signed at Lisbon in 1804,t are null and void so far as they 
conoem France and Portugal, and that they mutually give up all 
right, and discharge themibielves from every obligation which 
might arise out of them. 

The present Additional Articles shall have the same force and 
validity as if they were word for word inserted in the Treaty 
Patent of this day. They shall be ratified, and the Ratifications 
shall be exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same, and have affixed thereto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 30th May, 1814. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 
(L.S.J LE COMTE DE FDNCHAL. 



Additional Article. Frame and Prussia. Paris^ 30^A May^ 

1814. 

Subject. 

Annulment of Treaties since 1795, and of Dccreefl against French Subjects in 
the service of Prussia. 

(English version.) 

Annulment of Treaties since 1795, and of Decrees against French 
Subjects in the service of Prussia. 
Although the Treaty of Peace concluded at Bale, the 5th 
April, 1795, that of Tilsit of the 9th July, 1807, the Convention 
of Paris of 20th September, 1808, as well as all the Conventions 
and Acts whatsoever concluded since the Peace of B41e between 
Prussia and Prance, are already annulled in fact by the present 
Treaty, the High Contracting Parties have nevertheless considered 
it advisable again expressly to declare that the said Treaties 
cease to be binding in all their Articles, as well patent as secret, 
and that they mutually give up all right, and disengage them- 
selves from every obligation which might arise out of tliem. 

His Most Christian Majesty promises that the Decrees issued 
against French Subjects, or reputed French, being or having been 

* Treaties between France and Portugal of 6th June, and 29th September, 
1801, annulled 

t Oonvention between France and Portugal of 19th March, 1804, 
annulled. 

25 



30 Hay, 1814.] austbu and fbakce. [Mo. 1 

[Ist Peace of Paris.] 

deeiring to concui' in the new pledge which the Allied Powers 
have given to His Most Christian Majesty, of their desire to 
obliterate every trace of that disastrous epoch so happily tei> 
minated by the present Peace, engages on his part, when com- 
plete justice shsdl be rendered to his Subjects, to renounce the 
whole amount of the balance which shall appear in his favour for 
support of the Prisoners of War, so that the Ratification of the 
Report of the above Commissioners and the discharge of the sums 
due to British Subjects, as well as the restitution of the effects 
which shall be proved to belong to them, shall complete the 

renunciation. 

Commercial Relatwns. 

Art. V. The two High Contracting Parties, desiring to 
establish the most friendly relations between then: respective 
Subjects, reserve to themselves, and promise to come to a mutual 
understanding and arrangement, as soon as possible, upon tlieir 
Commercial interests, with the view of encouraging and in- 
creasing the prosperity of their respective States. 

The present Additional Articles shall have the same force and 
validity as if they were inserted word for word in the Trealy 
Patent of this day. They shall be ratified, and the Ratifications 
shall be exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed and affixed to them the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 30th day of May, in the year of Our Lord^ 

18U. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 

(L.S.) ABERDEEN. 

(L.S.) CATHCART. 

(L.S.) CHARLES STEWART, Lieut.-GenerdL 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 



Additional Article. Austria and France. Parisj SOth Majf^ 

1814. 

SXTBJBCT. 

Annulment of effect of Treaties of 1805 and 1809, and of Decrees againtt 
IVench Subjects in the service of Austria. 

(English version.) 

Annulment of effect of Treaties of 1805 and 1809, and of Decrees 

against French Subjects in the service of Austria, 

The High Contracting Parties, being desirous to obliterate 

28 



Mo. U FRAKGS AND 6WBDBN. [30 May, 1814. 

[1st Peaee of Paris.] 

[For Convention and Additional Articles between France and 
Spain. Signed at Paris, 20th July, 1814. See No. 8.] 



Additional and Secret Article. France and Sweden. 
Paris, 30<A May, 1814. 

Sttbjbot. 
Union of Norway to Sweden. 

(Translatiou.) 

Union of Norway to Sweden. 

His Most Christian Majesty recognises the Union of the 
Kingdom of Norway to the Kingdom of Sweden by virtue of its 
cession to ffis Swedish Majesty by the Treaty of Kiel. 

The present Additional Article shall have the same force and 
validity as if it were inserted word for word in the Treaty Patent 
of this day. It shall be ratified, and the Ratifications shall be 
exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same and have affixed to it the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 30th May, in the year of Our Lord, 1814. 

(L.S.J LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 

(L.S.) C. STEDINGK. 

(L.S.) G. BARON DE WETTARSTEDT. 

[The Additional Article for the abrogation of the Treaties from 
1805 to 1809, as well as the Separate and Secret Articles, are the 
same as those at pages 18 and 22.] 



Extracts from Treaty between Great Britain and Denmark. 
Signed at Kiel, l^th January, 1814. 

(Translation.) 

Abt. III. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Ireland consents to restore to His Danish 
Majesty all the Possessions and Colonies which have been 
conquered by the British Arms in this present War, except 
t he Island of Heligoland, wh ich His Britannic Majesty vf^f^rue^a^ 
to himself with full and unlimited JSovereignty. 

Art. X. Whereas His Danish Majesty, in virtue of the Treaty 
of Peace this day concluded with His Majesty the King of Sweden, 

27 



i 

30 May, 1814.] FBAKOE AND SWEDEN. [No. 1 

[1st Peace of Parle.] 

has ceded the Kingdom of Norway to IDs said Majesty for a cer- 
tain indemnity provided by Sweden, His Britannic Majesty, who 
has thus seen his engagements contracted with Sweden in this 
respect fulfilled, promises, in concert with the King of Sweden, to j 

employ liis good offices with the Allied Powers, at the (Jeneral i 

Peace, to obtain for Denmark a proper indemnity for the oeBsion 
of Norway. 



Extract from Treaty between Sweden and Denmark, Signed 
at Kiely 14tth January, 1814. 

(Translation.) 
Art. IV. His Majesty the King of Denmark, as well for him- 
self as for his successors to the Throne and to the Kingdom of 
Denmark, renounces irrevocably and in perpetuity, in favour of 
His Majesty the King of Sweden and to his Successors to the 
Throne and Kingdom of Sweden, to all his rights and titles over 
the Kingdom of Norway, namely : the Bishoprics and Bailiwicks 
(steft) hereinafter specified, those of Christiansund, Bergenhaus, 
Aggershuus, and Trondheim, with Nordland and Finmarkeu, as 
far as the Frontiers of the Empire of Russia. 



For Correspondence between Great Britain and Norway ; between 
Sweden and Norway; and between Great Britain, Austria, 
Prussics Russia, and Denmark, respecting the oppositloii of 
Norway to the above arrangements, in June and July, 1814, 
see " State Papers,'* vol. i, pp. 1016, 102Q, 1295. 



28 



MAP 

PRANCE 

in 

1814f 




A MAP OF 

(h«^ EHflti>m buuiidnrv of 

ti) illustj*iit^ Ai*tic]e 111 in 
TBB FIRST PEACE OF PARIS 

30-JltAyi814: 
3' £. Gp. 



IN I WO -'l .vFr.: n AT i ] 




:mae 

FRANCE 
in 

1814 



MAP 

i'HAifCE 
in 

181* 



MAP 

FRANCE 

in 

1814 



No. 2] AUSTBIA AND BATARIA. [3 June, 1814. 

[Tyrol, Yorarlberff, Xayenoa.] 

No. 2.— CONVENTION between Austria and Bavaria.— 
Signed at Paris, Srd June, 1814. 

AsT. Tablb. 

Preamble. Territorial Arrangementa. 

1. Tyrol, Vorartberg^ Salxburg, &c. Guarantee of Bowman TarritfMy, 

2. I^rol, VorarJherg Wurtzburg^ Atchaffenbourg. 

3. Territories on left bank of the Shine, Garrison Fortress of Magence, 

4. Cession of Bedeoittj in Bayreuth, 

5. BemoTal of Salt Contract. Saltzburg, 

6. Town of Magence. Palatinate of the Bhinej &c. 

7. Mortgage Debts on ceded Territories, Pensions, &c. 

8. Mortgage Debts on respective States. 

9. Pririleges of Private Individuals, &o. Bight to Emigrate. 

10. Bight to Dispose of Salt Magazines, Mineral Produce, &o. 

11. Bemoval of Artillery and Ammunition. 

12. Native Officers and Soldiers in Service of the other Power. 

18. Guarantee to be obtained from England, Prusna, and Biusia of Bavarian 

retrocessions. 
14. Treaty to be kept Secret. 



(Translation.*) 

His Majesty the King of Bavaria, and His Imperial, Royal, 
and Apostolic Majesty, wishing at the time of the Pacification 
of France to define more precisely the stipulations of the Treaty 
of Ried^t have determined to come, without delay, to an under- 
standing on the arrangements to be made for the execution 
of the said Treaty. 

His Majesty the King of Bavaria, on the one part, and His 
Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty, on the other part, have 
accordingly named Plenipotentiaries, that is to say : — 

His Majesty the King of Bavaria, Charles Philippe, Count de 
Wrede, his Field-Marshal, Grand Cross of his Orders, as well as 
of those of Austria, Russia, Prussia, &c. 

And His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty, Clement 
Lothaire Wenceslas, Prince of Mettemich, Winneburg Ochsen- 
hausen, his Minister of State, of Conferences, and of Foreign 
Affairs, &c. 

Who, after having exchanged their credentials, have agreed 
on the following Articles: — 

• For French Torsion see " State Papers,*' vol. i, p. 177. 
t Treaty between Austria and Bavaria of 8th October, 18X3. See 
Appendix. 

29 



3 June, 1814.] AUSTRIA AND BAYABIA. [Ko. 2 

[Tyrol, Yorarlbergr, ]Cay«noe.] 

Tyrol, Vorarlherg, Salzburg, ^c, to be ceded to Austria. GtiaratUee 
of Bavarian Territory, 

Art. I. Ilis Majesty the King of Bavaria, and His Imperial, 
Royal, and Apostolic Majesty, wishing to anticipate every mis- 
understanding which might arise out of a false interpretation 
of the Secret Articles of the Treaty of Ried,* and to strengthen 
the relations of friendship and of good understanding existing 
between them, have agreed to give to Articles II, III, and IV 
of the said Treaty, the following meaning, that is to say : — 

His Majesty the King of Bavaria engages to cede to His 
Imj)erial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty, the Tyrol, the Vorarl" 
l)erg, the Principality of Salzburg, in the same manner as it had 
been possessed by the last Austrian Prince, with the exoeption 
of the Bailiwick of Laufen, and the villages situated on the left 
bank of the Saal, the Innviertel, and the Circle of Hausruck, save 
and except the modifications which are mentioned in Articles 11 
and IV of the present Convention ; and, on the other hand, His 
Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty guarantees to make over 
to His Majesty the King of Bavaria the most ample equiva- 
lents for the said territories, and even more,. so far as it may be 
in his power, and that circumstances shall admit of. 

Fossesnon of the Tyrol and Vorarlberg by Austria; and of 
Wiirtzburg and Aschaffenbourg by Bavaria, 
Art. II. The High Contracting Parties, wishing to accelerate 
ds far as in them lies the time at which the execution of 
Article IV shall take effect, have agreed that His Imperial, 
Royal, and Apostolic Majesty shall take possession of the T^rolf 
as it was when united to the Crown of Bavaria (with the ex- 
ception of the Bailiwick of Vils, which is reserved for special 
arrangement), as well as of the Vorarlberg,f with the exception 
of the Bailiwick of Weiler, within 15 days after the exchange of 
the Ratifications of the present Convention; and that His 
Majesty the King of Bavaria shall, at the same time, be put in 
possession of the Grand Duchy of Wurtzburg,J and of the 
Principality of Aschaffenbourg,} just as they have been held by 
their late Sovereigns. The other retrocessions on the part of 
Bavaria, in exchange for equivalents, not mentioned in this 

* Treaty betwoon Austria and Bararia of 8th October, 1813. See 
Appendix. 

t See Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1816, Art. XCIII. 
X See Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815, Art. XLIV, 

30 



No. 2] AUSTBIA AND BAYABIA. [3 June, 1814. 

[Tsnrol, Yorarlberff, Kayenoe.] 

Article, shall take place after the definitive arraDgemeDtis, or 
sooner if possible. 

Occupation of Terriiaries an Left Bank of tlie Bhine by Austrian 
and Bavarian Troops. 
Art. III. The territories situated on the left bank of the 
Rhine, between the new frontiers of France and the right bank 
of the Moselle, shall be occupied until the definitive arrange- 
ments are made in Germany by the Bavarian and Austrian troops, 
under the separate command of their resi)cctive Generals. A 
mixed Commission shall be appointed to regulate all that has 
reference to the administration of the said territories, and their 
revenues shall be collected on account of the two Governments, 
and divided into equal parts. Aji understanding shall be come 
to as to the number of troops which, on either side, shall occupy 
the said territories. 

Garrison of Fortresses of Mayeiice (ifenfe).* 
The Town and Portress of Mayence shall be occupied by the 
Austrian and Prussian troops, in accordance with the arrange- 
ments made by the High Powers. 

f 
Cession of Bedevitz, in Bayreuth, 

Abt. IV. His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty engages 
to cede to His Majesty the King of Bavaria, at the general 
peace, the Bailiwick of Redevitz, enclosed within the Principality^ 
of Bayreuth .f 

Renewal of Salt Contract Salfzburg. 
Art. V. His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty, taking 
into consideration the diflSculties experienced by Bavaria in the 
provision of Salt, engages to renew the Salt contract formerly 
existing between Bavaria and Saltzburg, to the amount of 200,000 
quintals. 

Toian of Mayence (Mentz), Palatinate of the Rhine, ^c. 
Art. VI. His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty afore- 
said, wishing to give to His Majesty the King of Bavaria proofs 

* This Fortress was declared to bd a Fortress of the Gl^rmanio Confede- 
ration, bj the Treaties between Austria, Frossia, and Hesse-Darmstadt, and 
between Great Britain and Hesse-Darmstadt, of SOth June, 1816. 

t See Protocol between Gtreat Britain, &o., and France of 3rd NoTember, 
Al6, and Treaty between Austria and Bayaria of 14th April, 1816. 

31 



3 June, 1814.] AUSTRIA AND BAVABIA. [No. 2 

[Tsrrol, Yorarlberff, Kayenoe.] 

of the interest which he takes in seeing his power established 
on solid foundations, promises to use his best offices : — 

1. To cause the Town and Place of Mayence to fall to the lot 
of Bavaria,* and to cause the greatest possible extent of territory 
on the left bank of the Rhine to be given to His Bavarian 
Majesty. 

2. To cause the ancient Palatinate of the Rhine to fall to 
the share of Bavaria, His Majesty the King of Bavaria engaging 
on his part to facilitate frontier arrangements, which shall be found 
to be of mutual convenience between him and to his neighbours.f 

3. To facilitate the arrangements for cession, exchange, and 
other transactions wliich His Bavarian Majesty might wish to make 
with neighbouring States, namely, with the King of Wurtemburg, 
the Grand-Dukes of Baden and of Darmstadt, and the Princes 
of Nassau, for establishing more direct communications between 
his States. 

The stipulations of the present Article ai)ply to the small Prin- 
cipalities which are situated on the lines of conmimiicatiou 
between the Bavarian States, on the supposition that by virtue 
of the definite anangements of Germany, they wore mediatised. 

Mortgage Debts on Ceded Territories. Pensions, (f-c. 

Art. VII. The High Contracting Parties undertake to dis- 
charge the Mortgage Debts on the Territories ceded or exchanged 
on either side. They also undertake to pay all Pensions, retiring 
j)ensionB, and Salaries belonging to the administration of the said 
territories. 

Mortgage Debts on respective States, 

Art. VIII. The High Contracting Parties undertake to re- 
move, as far as in them lies, all obstacles which have arisen f^inve 
the war of 1805, on the subject of Mortgages placed on their 
respective States. 

Property of Private Individuals, ^c. Right to Emigrate, 

Art. IX. Private Individuals, as well as pubhc Establishments 

and Foundations shall continue freely to enjoy their Properties, 

whether they be situated under the one or other Sovereignty. 

Families wishing to emigrate shall be allowed 6 years to sell 

* By the Treaty between Austria, Proseia, and Heflse-Damutadt, of 30th 
June, 1816, Mayence, with the exception of the Fortress, was giyen to Hesse- 
Darmstadt. 

t See Treaty between Austria and BaTaria of 14th April, 1816. * 

32 



No. 2] AUSTRIA AND BATABIA. [3 June, 1814. 

[Tyrol, Yorarlberff, ]Ca7«noe.] 

their goods, and to export their valae, without any deduction 
whatever. 

Bight to dispose of Soli Works, Mineral Produce, 4'C. 

Abt. X. The High Contracting Parties agree to a term of 
8 months, dating from the signature of the present Convention, 
to enable them to sell the Salt Works, Mineral Produce, and all 
other factories whatever, to the State taking possession, or to 
export them free of all duty and drawbacks whatever. 

Bemoval of Artillery and Ammunition, 

Abt. XI. The same torm of 3 months is agreed upon by the 
High Contracting Parties, for the removal of all articles of Artil- 
lery (ArtilUrie de place) and ammimition. 

Native Officers and Soldiers in the Service of the other Powers, 

Abt. XII. Within the term of one year from the date of the 
signature of the present Convention, military men bom within 
the territories exchanged or ceded shall be placed at the disposal 
of their respective Sovereigns. It is, however, agreed that the 
OfiBcers and Soldiers who may wish of their free will to remain in 
the service of either Power may do so, without being interfered 
with in any way. All arrangements contrary to the present 
Article, which may have been entered into since 1809, are 
annulled. 

Ouara/ntee to be obtained from England, Prussia, and Russia, ofi 
Bavarian retrocessions, 

Abt. XIII. His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty 
promises His Majesty the King of Bavaria, to obtain for him 
from the Courts of Russia, England, and Prussia, the guarantee 
of his dominions, and of the Territories which have devolved 
to him by virtue of the present Convention, or which shall 
devolve upon him by virtue of the definitive arrangements. 

Treaty to he kept Secret. 
Abt. XIV and Last. The present Convention, bearing only 
on arrangements of mutual convenience between the High Con- 
tracting Parties, shall not be communicated to any of the allied 
Courts, and shall remain secret between them. It shall be rati- 
^d within 15 days, or sooner if possible. 

33 D 



3 June, 1814.] AUSTKiA and Bavaria. [Ho. 8 

[Tsrrol, Torarlberir, Kayanoe.] 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same, and have affixed thereto the Seal of their Arms. 
Signed at Paris, 3rd June, 1814. 

(L.S.) LE FELD MARECHAL COMTE 

DE WREDE. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 



Additional Articles. Austria and Bavaria. Paris^ 

3rd June, 1814. 

(Translation.) 

Occupation of Fortress of Kuf stein. 

Art. I, The Fortress of Kufstein, not including the Town of 

the same name, shall continue to be occupied by Bavarian troops, 

until the definitive arrangements between the two Powers. 

Payments for Army Supplies. 
Art. II. His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty promises 
His Majesty the King of Bavaria, to cause all articles fumishtMi 
to the Austrian troops during their passage through the Bavarian 
States to be paid. 

Indemnity for Arrears of Direct Taxes, 
Art. hi. His Imperial, Royal, and Apostolic Majesty will 
indemnify the Bavarian Government for the arrears which would 
be due to them, on the direct taxes of the French departm^its 
which had been placed under their administration during the war, 
in the same proportion as he may be indemnified by the French 
Government. 

Additional Articles to have same force and validily as the 
Convention. 

The present Additional Articles shall have the same force and 
Talidity as if they were inserted, word for word, in the Conven- 
tion of this day. They shall be ratified, and the Ratifications 
thereof shall be exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
the same, and have affixed thereto the seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 3rd of June, 1814. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE WREDE. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 



84 



Mo. 3] FBAVGB AJTD SPADT. QtO July, 1814. 

[Iflt Fmm of BMiik] 

No. Z.— TREATY of Peace between France and Spain. 

Signed at Paris, 20th July, 1814. 
Abt. Tablb. 



32.) 



See Tierty of aoth lUy, 1814. 
32.; 
33.' Ratifications. 

Additional Articles. 

1. Restoratio'ii of Property. 

2. A Commercial Treaty to be condoded. 

(Translation.*) 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

His Majesty the King of Spain and the Indies, and his 
Allies, on the one part, and His Majesty the King of Prance and 
of Navarre, on the other part, animated by an eqnal desire to 
terminate the long agitations of Europe, and the sufferings of 
mankind, by a permanent Peace, founded upon a just repartition 
of Force between its States, and containing in its stipulations the 
pledge of its durability ; and His Majesty the King of Spain and 
the Indies, together with his Allies, being unwilling to require 
of France, now that, replaced under the paternal Government of 
her Kings, she offers the assurance of security and stability to 
Europe, the conditions and guarantees which they had with regret 
demanded from her former Government, their said Majesties have 
named, to discuss, settle and sign a Treaty of Peace and Amity, 
namely : — 

His Majesty the King of Spain, Don Pedro Gomez Labrador, 
his Councillor of State, &c. 

And His Majesty the King of France, Charles Maurice Talley- 
rand Perigord, Prince de B^nevent, his Minister and Secretary 
of State for Foreign Affairs, &c. 

Who, after having exchanged their full powers, found to be 
in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles : — 

[The Articles of this Treaty are the same as those of the 
General Treaty of Paris of 30th May, 1814, Na L] 

Batijications. 

XXXin. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations thereof shall be exchanged within the period of 20 days, 
or sooner if possible. 

• For French Ternon, tee ^ State Fitpen,'* toL i, p. 1099. 
85 D 2 



20 July, 1814.3 FRANCE AND SPAIN. [No. 3 

[1st Peace of Parle.] 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed and affixed to it the Seals of their Arms. 
Done at Paris, the 20th July, 1814. 

(L.S.) PEDRO GOMEZ LABRADOR. 
(L.S.) LB PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 



> 



Additional Articles. France and Spain. Paris, 20th 
Julyy 1814. 

Restoration of Property Sequestered. 

Art. I. Properties of whatever nature possessed by Spaniards 
in France, or by Frenchmen in Spain, shall be respectively re- 
stored to them in the same state as that in which they were at the 
time of their Sequestration or Confiscation. The removal of 
Sequestration shall extend to all Properties of that nature, what- 
ever may be the time of the Sequestration. Disputes respectuig 
coins in actual circulation, or which may arise hereafter between 
France and Spain, whether they shall have arisen before the War 
or at a later date, shall be settled by a mixed Commission ; and if 
such Disputes are within the jurisdiction of courts of justice, the 
respective tribunals shall be called upon, on either side, to ad- 
minister a prompt and impartial justice. 

A Commercial Treaty to be concluded. 

Art. IL A Treaty of Commerce shall be concluded between 
the two Powers as soon as possible, and until such Treaty can be 
put into execution, the commercial relations between the two 
kingdoms shall be re-established on the same footing as they 
existed in 1792. 

The present Additional Articles shall have the same force and 
validity as if they were inserted, word for word, in the Treaty of 
this day. They shall be ratified, and the Ratifications thereof 
shall be exchanged at the same time. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same, and have affixed thereto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 20th July, 1814. 

(L.S.) PEDRO-GOMEZ LABRADOR. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. 

86 



No. 4] aEBAT BSnAIS,ko,,A3n> KETHEBLANDS. [21Jiily, 1814 ' 
[Belslo Pirorinoas.] 

No. 4. — A CT of Acceptance of the Sovereignty of the Belgic 
Provinces^ in the name of the King of the Netlierlands. 
Signed at The Hague, 2l8t July, 1814.* 

[This Act was annexed to the Treaty between Great Britain, 
Austria, Prussia, and Russia, and the Netherlands of dlst May, 
1815, No. 22 ; and which Treaty formed Annex X to the Vieu 
Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Tablb. 

Preamble. Union of SoUland and Belgium, 

1. Constitution of Holland to Gbyern both States. 

2. Beligious Equality. 

3. Bepresentation of Belgio Provinces at Assembly of States General. 

4. Equality of Inhabitants of the Netherlands. 
6. Commerce and Navigation in Dutch Colonies. 

6. Debts to be paid by the Netherlands, 

7. Expenses of Frontier Fortresses to be paid by the Netherlands. 

8. Bepair of Dykes. 

(English Version.t) 

His Excellency the Earl of Clancarty, Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary from His Britannic Majesty to His 
Boyal Highness the Prince Sovereign of the Netherlands, having 
delivered to the Undersigned a copy of the Protocol of a Con- 
ference which took place in the month of June last, between the 
Ministers of the High Allied Powers, and signed by them, on 
the subject of the Union of Belgium with Holland} ; and the stud 
Ambassador having also communicated to him the instructions 
he had received from his Court, to enter into an arrangement 
with General Baron Vincent, Governor General of Belgium, for 
delivering up the Provisional Government of the Bdgic Provinces 
to the person whom His Royal Highness shall entrust with it, in 
the name of the Allied Powers, until the time of their definitive 
and formal Union ; provided that the said Ambassador, previously, 
and in conjunction with the Ministers, or other Diplomatic Agents 
of Austria, Rassia and Prussia, now at the Hague, should receive 
from His Royal Highness his formal Accession to the conditions 
of the Union of the Two Countries, according to the invitation 
made to the Prince Sovereign, in the said Protocol ; the undftr- 

* This Union between Holland and Belgium was dissolved by the Treaty 
between the 5 Powers and Belgium of the 15th November, 1831, and the 
Treaties of 19th April, 1839. 

t For French version, see ** State Papers," vol. ii, p, 141. 

t See page 40. 

87 



ai July, 1811] eBBAI BEITAIN, &c., AITD NEXHBBLAITDS. [Mo. 4 
[Beldo PtoTinoMu] 

signed has laid before His Royal Highness the copy of the Pro- 
tocol, and the Official Note of the said Ambassador, which con- 
tained the substance of his Instructions on this subject. 

His Royal Highness the Prince Sovereign declares, that the 
Conditions of the Union, contsdned in the Protocol, are conformable 
to the following 8 Articles : 

Constitution of Holland to govern both States. 
Art. I. This Union shall be intimate and complete, so that the 
Two Countries shall form but One and the same State ; governed 
by the Constitution already established in Hdland, which shall 
bo modified by common consent, according to existing dream- 
stances. 

Religious Equality. 

Abt. II. No innovation shall be made in the Articles dt this 
Constitution, which assure equal protection and favour to every 
sect, and guarantee the admission of all citizens, whatever their 
religious belief may be, to public employments and offices. 

BepresenUUion of Belgic Provinces at Assembly of States GeneraL 

Abt. III. The Belgic Provinces shall be pw^rly represented 
at the Assembly of the States General, of which the Ordinary 
Sessions shall be held, in time of Peace, in a dty in Holland and 
in a dty of Belgium, alternately. 

Equality of Inhabitants of the Netherlands. 
Art. IV. Every inhabitant of the Netherlands being thus 
placed by the Constitution upon the same footing, the different 
provinces shall equally enjoy all such commerdal and other 
advantages as are consistent with their respective situations; 
and no kind of impediment or restriction shall be imposed on 
either, to the advantage of the other. 

Commerce and Navigation in Dutch Colonies, 

Art. V. Immediately afterjthe Union, the Provinces and Towns 
of Belgium shall participate in the Commerce and Navigation of 
the Colonies, upon the same footing as the Provinces and Towns 
of Holland. 

Debts to be paid by the Netherlands, 

Art. YI. As the expenses as wdl as the profits are to be 
jointly shared, the Debts contracted, up to the period of the Union 

88 



Mo* 4] GEEAT BBITAIH, to, AITD KETHSRLANDS. [21Jll]j, ISli. 

of the Dutch provinces, on the one side, and the Belgic provinces 
on the other, shall be at the charge of the Treasorer-Oeneral of 
the Netherlands. 

Expenses of Frontier Fortresses to be paid by the Netherlands. 

Art. VII. Upon the same principles, the expenses necessary 
for the establishment and preservation of the Frontier Fortresses 
of the new State, shall be defrayed by the Treasnrer-General, as 
resulting from an object connected with the safety and independ- 
ence of all the provinces and of the whole Nation. 

Repair of Dykes, 

Abt. VIII. The expenses of estaUishing and repairing Dykesi 
shi^ be defrayed by the districts more immediately interested in 
this part of the public convenience ; the State in general, how- 
ever, shall not be exempted from contributing towards the 
same; in case of extraordinary disaster, as it has hitherto been, 
the custom in Holland. 

And His Royal Highness having accepted these 8 Articles, as 
the Bases and Conditions of the Union of Belgium with Holland, 
mider the Sovereignty of His Royal Highness ; 

The Undersigned, Anne TVilliam Charles Baron de Nagell, 
Chamberlain to His Royal Highiiess the Prince Sovereign of the 
Netherlands, and his Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, is. 
charged and authorised, in tho name and on the part of His 
august Master, to accept the Sovereignty of the Belgic Pro- 
vinces, upon the conditions contained in the 8 preceding 
Artides, and to guarantee, by the present Act, their acceptance 
and execution. 

In faith of which the Undersigned, Anne William Charles. 
Baron de Nagell, Chamberlain to His Royal Highness the 
Prince Sovereign of the United Netherlands, and his Secretary 
of State for Foreign Affairs, has confirmed the present Act by 
his signature, and has caused to be affixed thereunto the Seal 
of his Arms. 

Done at the Hague, the 2l8t of July, 1814. 

(L.S.) A. W. C. DE NAGELL^ 



39 



21 July, 1814.] GKEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [Ho, 4 

[Belffliim and Holland.] 

PROTOCOL of Conference between Great Britain, Austria^ 
B^siay and Prussia. Vienna^ Hth June, 1814. 

[Protocol referred to in Preamble of preceding Act.] 

Tablb. 
Froamblo. 

UnioQ of Belgium to RoUand, Equilibriam of Surope. Right of Conquest. 
Interests of Holland and Belgium, 
Proyisional Goyemment. 

Princo of Orange to Sanction Proyisional Q-overnmcnt. 
Separate Arrangements to be entered into with the Allies under Mediation 
of England, 

(Translation.) 

Tub measures to be taken to effect the Union of Belgium to 
Holland, and those relative to the delivery of the Provisional 
Grovemment to the Prince of Orange, are the subjects for dis- 
cussion. 

The principles from which the Powers start, relative to the 
union of Belgium and Holland, are the following : — 

Union of Belgium to Holland, Equilibrium of Europe. Eight 
of Conquest. 

1. That Union was decided by virtue of the political principles 
adopted by them for the establishment of a stute of equilibrium 
in Europe ; they put those principles into execution by virtue of 
their right of conquest of Belgium. 

Interests of Holland and Belgium, 

2. Animated by a spirit of liberality, and wishing to insure 
the repose of Europe by the reciprocal well being of the parties 
composing it, the Powers wish to consult the particular interests 
both of Holland and Belgium, in order to effect the most perfect 
amalgamation between the two Countries. 

Provisional Government, 

3. The Powers think they have found the means of attaining 
that end by adopting as a basis of the Union the points put for- 
ward by Lord Clancarty, and agreed to by the Sovereign Prince 
of Holland. 

Prince of Orange to sanction Provisional Govern aent. 
The Powers shall in consequence invite the Princo of Orange 
to give his formal sanction to the conditiooa of the Union of the 

40 



No. 4] 



GEEAT BBITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [21 July, 1814. 
[Belsium and Holland.] 



two Countries. He shall afterwards appoint a person charged with 
the Provisional Government of Belgium. The (Jovemor-General 
shall enter into the functions of the actual Austrian Governor, 
and he shall administer that country in the name of the Allied 
Powers, until the definitive and formal Union, which can only take 
place at the time of the general arrangements of Europe. 

Separate Arrangements to be entered into with the Allies under 
Mediation of England. 

The Prince of Orange shall nevertheless bo invited to act 
under the most liberal principles, and in a spirit of conciliation, in 
order to prepare and effect the amalgamation of the two Countries 
on the basis adopted by the Powers. The demands of the Powers 
on Holland and Belgium shall be the object of a separate trans- 
action with the Prince of Orange, to whom England will extend 
her mediation. The negotiation relative to this object shall also 
take place at Vienna. 

Vienna, 14th June, J 814. 

NESSELRODB. METTERNICH. 

HARDENBERG. CASTLEREAGH. 



41 



13 Aug^ 1814.] GREAT BRITAIN AND NETHERLANDS. [Ho. 5 
[Dutch Colonies.] 

No. 5.— CONVENTION between Great Britain and the 
Netherlands. — Signed at London^ 13th Augusty 1814. 

Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Honse of Orange. Arrangements respecting Dutch Colo$Ues 
oonqnered during the war. 

1. Colonies restored to the Netherlands; the Cape of Good Sope, Demerara, 

JEssequiho, and Berbice excepted. 

2. Cession of Island of JBanca by Great Britain to the Netherlands in exchange 

for Cochin, 
8. Surrender of Places and Forts. 
4. Commerce^ &c., of the Dutch within British Dominions in India placed 

on footing of the most favoured nation. No Fortifications to be 

erected by the Dutch. Number of Troops to be limited in Colonies 

restored. 
6. P^ods of Cession. 

6. Security of Persons and Property in Countries ceded and restored. 

7. Right of Emigration. 

8. Abolition of the Slave Trade, 

9. Ratifications. 

Additional Articles. 

1. § 1. Compensation to Sweden for Ouadaloupe, 

§ 2. Expenses of Defence of the Low Countries. 

§ 3. Union with Holland. Cession to Great Britain of the Cape of Oood 
Hope, Demerara, JEseequiho, and Berbice, Dutch proprietors 
in Berbice, Resort of Dutch ships to the Cape. 

2. Cession to Great Britain of District of Bernagore, near Calcutta. 

3. Validity of Additional Articles. To be ratified with Treaty. 



Preamble. House of Orange. Arrangement respecting Dutch 

Colonies during the war. 

(English version.*) 

In the name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

The United Provinces of the Netherlands, under the favour of 

Divine Providence, having been restored to their^Independence, 

and having been placed by the loyalty of the Dutch people and 

the achievements of the Allied Powers, under the Government of 

the Illustrious House of Orange ;t and His Britannic Majesty 

being desirous of entering into such arrangements with the Priuco 

Sovereign of the United Netherlands, concerning the Colonies of 

the said United Netherlands, which have been conquered by His 

Majesty's arms during the late war, as may conduce to the 

prosperity of the said State, and may afford a lasting testimony 

of His Majesty's friendship and attachment to the family of 

Orange and to the Dutch nation; the said High Contracting 

• For French Version, see " State Papers," vol. ii, p. 370. 
t See Treaty of 80th May, 1814, Art. VI. 
42 



No. 5] GSKAT BHITAIN AND NETHSBLANBS. [13 Ax^ 1814. 
[Ihitch OoloMJ— .] 

Parties, equally animated by those sentiments of cordial goodwill 
and attachment to eadi other, have nominated for their Plenipo- 
tentiaries, namely : 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, the Right HononraUe Robert Stewart, Viscount 
Castlereagb, one of His said Majesty's Most Honourable Privy 
Council, a Member of Parliament, Colonel of the Londonderry 
Regiment of Militia, Knight of the most noble Order of the Garter, 
and his Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Ac. ; 

And His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange-Nassau, Prince 
Sovereign of the United Netherlands, his Excellency Henry 
Fagel, his Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at the 
Court of His Britannic Majesty ; 

Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, found in 
good and due form, have agreed to the following Articles : — 

Colonies restored to the If ether lands ; — the Cape of Oood Hope, 
Detnerara, Essequiho, and Berhice excepted. 
Abt. L His Britannic Majesty engages to restore to the Prince 
Sovereign of the United Netherlands, within the term which shall 
be hereafter fixed, the Colonies, Factories, and Establishments, 
which were possessed by Holland at the commencement of the 
late War, viz^ on the 1st of January, 1803, in the Seas and on the 
continents of America, Africa, and Asia, with the exception of the 
Cape of Good Hope and the Settlements of Demerai*a, Essequibo, 
and Berbice, of which possessions the High Contracting Parties 
reserve to themselves the right to dispose by a Supplementaiy 
Convention,* hereafter to be negotiated according to their mutual 
interests ; and especially with reference to the provisions con- 
tained in Articles VI and IX of the Treaty of Peace signed 
between His Britannic Majesty and His Most Christian Majesty, 
on the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1). 

Cession of Banea by Great Britain to the Netherlands^ in eocchange 
for Cochin, 
Art. II. His Britannic Majesty agrees to code in full 4Bove- 
reignty the Island of Banca, in the Eastern Seas, to the Prince 
Sovereign of the Netherlands, in exchange for the Settlement of 
Cochin and its dependencies on the coast of Malabar, which is to 
remain in full Sovereignty to His Britannic Majesty. 

* See Ist Additional Article ; and Conrentlon between 0reat Britain and 
KetherlandB of 12th Augiut, 1816. 

43 



13 Aug., 1814.] GBEAT BRITAIN AND NETHEELANDS. [Ho. 5 
[Ihitoh Oolonies.] 

Surrender of Places and ForU. 
Abt. III. The Places and Forts in the Colonies and Settle- 
ments which by virtue of the two preceding Articles are to be 
ceded and exchanged by the two High Contracting Parties, shall 
be given up in the state in which they may be at the moment of 
the signature of the present Convention. 

Commerce, ^c, of the Dutch within British Dominions in India 
placed on footing of the most favoured Nation. 
Art. IV. His Britannic Majesty guarantees to the Subjects of 
His Royal Highness the Prince Sovereign of the United Nether- 
lands, the same facilities, privileges, and protection with respect 
to Commerce, and the security of their Property and Persons, 
within the limits of the British sovereignty on the Continent of 
Iifdia, as are now or shall be grunted to the most favoured 
Nations. 

No Fortifications to he erected by the Dutch. Number of Troops 
to he limited in Colonies restored. 
His Royal Higljness the Prince Sovereign, on his part, having 
nothing more at heart than the perpetual duration of Peace 
between the Crown of England and the United Netherlands, and 
wishing to do his utmost to avoid anything which might affect 
their mutual good understanding, engages not to erect any Forti- 
fications in the Establishments which are to be restored to him 
within the limits of the British Sovereignty upon the Continent of 
India, and only to place in those Establishments the number of 
troops necessary for the maintenance of the police. 

Periods of Cession. 
Art. V. Those Colonies, Factories, and Establishments which 
are to be ceded to His Royal Highness the Sovereign Prince of 
the United Netherlands by His Britannic Majesty, in the seas or 
on the continent of America, shall be given up within three 
months, and those which are beyond the Cape of Good Hope 
within the six months which follow the ratification of the present 
Convention. 

Security of Persons and Property in Countries ceded and restored. 
Art. VI. The High Contracting Parties, desirous to bury in 
entire oblivion the dissensions which have agitated Europe, declare 
and promise that no individual, of whatever rank or condition he 
may be, in the countries restored and ceded by the present Treaty, 

44 



No. 5] GBEAT BEITAIN AITD NETHXBLANDS. [13 Aug., 1814. 
[Xhitoh CoUmiaa.] 

shall be prosecuted, disturbed, or molested in his person or pro- 
perty, under any pretext whatever, either on account of his 
conduct or political opinions, his attachment either to any of the 
Contracting Parties, or to any (Government which has ceased to 
exist, or for any other reason except for Debts contracted towards 
individuals, or acts posterior to the date of the present Treaty. 

Bight of Emigration. 
Abt. VII. The native inhabitants and aliens, of whatever 
nation or condition they may be, in those countries which are to 
change Sovereigns, as well in virtue of the present Convention as 
of subsequent arrangements to which it may give rise, shall be 
allowed a period of six years, reckoning from the exchange of the 
ratifications, for the purpose of disposing of their property, if 
they think fit, whether it be acquired before or during the late 
war, and of retiring to whatever Country they may choose. 

Abolition of Slave Trade. 
Abt. VIII. The Prince Sovereign of the United Netherlands, 
anxious to co-operate, in the most effectual manner, with His 
Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, so as to bring about the total abolition of the Trade in 
Slaves on the Coast of Africa, and having spontaneously issued a 
Decree on the 15th June, 1814, wherein it is enjoined that no 
ships or vessels whatever, destined for the Trade in Slaves, be 
cleared out or equipped in any of the harbours or places of his 
dominions, nor admitted to the forts or possessions on the coast 
of Guinea, and that no inhabitants of that country shall be sold 
or exposed as Slaves, — does moreover hereby engage to prohibit 
all his subjects in the most effectual manner and by the most 
solemn laws, from taking any share whatsoever in such inhuman 
traffic. 

Ratijications. 

Art. IX. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the 
Batifications shall be duly exchanged at London within three 
weeks from the date hereof, or sooner if possible. 

In witness whereof, we the undersigned Plenipotentiaries, in 
virtue of our respective Pull Powers, hav.e signed the present 
Convention, and have affixed thereto the Seal of our Arms. 
Done at Ijondon, this 18th day of August, 1814. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L.S.) H. FAGEL. 

45 



13 Aag^ iai4.] GhBEAT BBITAIN AND NETHEBLANDfiL [No. 5 
[Xhitoh Coloniaa.] 

First Additional Article. 
In order the better to provide for the Def enoe and incorporation 
of the Belgic Provinces with Hdland, and also to provide, in con- 
formity to Article IX of the Treaty of Paris (No. 1), a suitable Com- 
pensation for the rights ceded by His Swedish Majesty under the 
said Article, which Compensation, it is understood, in the event of 
the above reunion, Holland should be liable to furnish, in pursu- 
ance of the above iatipulations ; it is hereby agreed between the 
High Contracting Parties, that His Britannic Majesty shall take 
upon himself, and engage to defray the following charges : — 

§ 1. Compensation to Sweden for GuadcUoupe, 
1st. The payment of £1,000,000 sterling [24,000,000 francs] 
to Sweden, in satisfaction of the claims aforesaid, and in pursu- 
ance of a Convention this day executed with His Swedish Majesty's 
Plenipotentiary to that effect, a copy of which Convention is an- 
nexed to these Additional Articles.* 

§ 2. Expenses of Defence of the Low Countries^ and of their Union 

with Holland. 
2ndly. The advance of £2,000,000 sterling, to be applied, in 
concert with the Prince Sovereign of the Netherlands, and in aid 
of an equal sum, to be furnished by him, towards augmenting 
and improving the Defences of the Low Countries {Pays Bas). 

§ 3. Cession to Great Britain of the Cape of Chod Hope^ Defnerara^ 

Essequiho^ and Berbice. Dutch Proprietors in Berbice. Bewrt 

of Dutch Ships to the Cape. 

Srdly. To bear, equally with Holland, such further charges as 
may be agreed upon between the said High Contracting Parties 
and their Allies, towards the final and satisfactory settlement of 
the Low Countries, in union with Holland, and imder the dominion 
of the House of Orange, not exceeding in the whole the sum of 
£3,000,000 to be defrayed by Great Britain. 

In consideration and in satisfaction of the above engagements, 
as taken by His Britannic Majesty, the Prince Sovereign of the 
Netherlands agrees to cede in full Sovereignty to His Britannic 
Majesty, the Cape of Good Hope, and the Settlements of Deme- 
rara, Essequibo, and Berbice, upon the condition, nevertheless, 
that the Subjects of the said Sovereign Prince, being Proprietors 
in the s^d Colonies or Settiements, shall be at liberty (under such 

• (13th AugUBt, 1814). See Appendix. 
46 



No. 5] OEEAT BRrrAOT AST) NBTHERLAliroS. [13 Ang^ 1814. 
[Xhitch Coloxiias.! 

Begnlations as may hereafter be agreed upon in a Supplementary 
Convention) to carry on trade between the said settlements and 
the territories in Europe of the said Sovereign Prince.* 

It is also agreed between the two Hi^ Contracting Parties, 
that the ships of every kind belonging to Holland, shall have 
permission to resort freely to the Cape of Good Hope, for the 
purposes of refreshment and repairs, without being liable to other 
charges than such as British subjects are required to pay. 

SECO!n) ADDmoHAL Abticle. 
Cession to Great Britain of District of Bemagore near 
Calcutta. 
The small District of Bemagore, situated dose to Calcutta, 
being requisite to the. due preservation of the peace and police of 
that city, the Prince of Orange agrees to cede the said district to 
His Britannic Majesty, upon a payment of such sum annually to 
His Royal Highness as may be considered, by Commissioners to 
be appointed by the respective Governments, to be just and 
reasonable, with reference to the profits or revenue usually de- 
rived by the Dutch Government from the same. 

Thibd Addihonal Abttclr. 

Validity of Additional Articles. To be ratified with Treaty, 

The present Additional Articles shall have the same force and 

validity as if they were inserted word for word in the Convention 

signed this day. They shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall 

be exchanged at the same time and place.f 

In witness whereof, we the undersigned Plenipotentiaries 
have signed and affixed to them the seal of our arms. 
Done at LcHidon, this 13th day of August, 1814. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L.S.) H. FAGEL. 



For Treaty of Peace between Denmark and Prussia of 25th 
August, 1814. See Appendix. 

• See ConTention between Grest Britain and Netherlands of 12th 
August, 1615. 

t See reference to delay in the execution of this Convoition in British 
Note attached to the Treatj of I7th March, 1824. 



47 



24 Dec, 1814.] GEBAT BRITAIN AND TJNITBD STATES. [No. 6 
[Treaty of Ohent.] 



No. 6.— TREATY OF PEACE and Amity between Great 
Britain and the United States of America. — Signed at 
Ghent, 2ith December^ 1814. 



Abt. Tablb. 

Preamble. Peace and Amity. 

1. Bestoration of Peace, fViendship, and good nndentanding upon prin- 

ciples of perfect reciprocity between Territories and People respec- 
tively. Cessation of Hostilities after Ratification of Treaty. Restora- 
tion of Territory, Places and Possessions captured daring the War 
(excepting Islands near Boundary Line), non>destraction nor remorml 
of Artillery or other Public Property in Forte or Places, nor SlaTet 
or other Private Property. Restoration of*Archives, Records, Sx. 
Temporary retention of Islands of the Bay of Peusamaquoddy. 

2. Prizes taken after ratification of Treaty. Periods for Cessation of Hostili- 

ties in different latitudes at Sea. 
8. Restoration of Prisoners of War on their payment of their Debts. Repay- 
ment of Advances for Subsistence of Prisoners. 

4. Boundary : Islands in the Bay of Pcusamaqnoddy (Part of Bay of Fundy) 

and Island of Grand Menan. Appointment of Commissioners to decide 
claims thereto. Oath and Place of Meeting. Decision, by Declaration 
or Report, final and conclusive. Arbitration in case of Difference. 

5. Boundary (North-Ecutern) : Determination of Point of Highlands north 

of River St. Croix f or north-west angle of Nova Scotia ; and north- 
westernmost head of Connecticut River, Surrey of Line from River 
St, Croix to Nova Scotia; along Highlands to Connecticut River; 
down River to 45th degree ; and Line west to River Iroquois, or 
Catarayuy (St Laicrence), Appointment of Commissioners. Oath, 
and Place of Meeting. Map, and Declaration, final and conclusive. 
Arbitration in case of Difference. 

6. Boundary: Water Lino from River Iroquois (St, Lawrence), through 

Lakes Ontario, Erie, and Murom, to Lake Superior, Doubts as to 
middle of Lakes and Islands therein. Appointment of Commissioners. 
Oath, and Place of Meeting. Report or Declaration final and conclu- 
sive. 

7. Boundary : Determination, by last Commissioners, of Water Line from Lake 

Huron and Lake Superior to the Lake of the Woods, and of Islands 
therein ; and Latitude and Longitude of North-tcest Point of Lake qf 
the Woods, Report or Declaration final and conclusive. Arbitration 
in case of Difference 

8. Boundary : Appointment of Secretary, Surveyors, &c,, by Commissionen. 

DupUcati's of Reports, Declarations, Statements, Decisions, Acoounta, 
and Journals of Proceedings. Payment of Salaries and Expenses. 
Supply of Vacancies. Validity of Grants of Land in Islands in ques- 
tion made by Power in possession before the War. 
48 



No. 6J GEBAT BRITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [24 Dcc, 1814. 
[Treaty of Ghent.] 

9. Cessation of Hostilities with all the Tribes or Nations of Indians. Besto- 

ration of their Possessions, Bights, and Fririleges as in 1811, previous 
to the War. 

10. Continuance of efforts to promote entire abolition of the Slave Trade, 

11. Batifications, without alteration. 

Preamble. 

His Britannic Majesty and the United States of America, 
desirous of terminating the War which has unhappily subsisted 
between the two Countries, and of restoring, upon principles of 
perfect reciprocity, Peace, Friendship, and good understanding 
between them, have for that purpose appointed their respective 
Plenipotentiaries, that is to say : His Britannic Majesty, on His 
part, has appointed The Right Honourable James Lord Gambler, 
late Admiral of the White, now Admiral of the Red Squadron of 
His Majesty's Fleet ; Henry Goulbum, Esq., a Member of the 
Imperial Pariiament, and Under Secretary of State ; and William 
Adams, Esq., Doctor of Civil Laws : 

And the President of the United States, by and with the 
advice and consent of the Senate thereof, has appointed John 
Quincey Adams, James A. Bayard, Henry Clay, Jonathan Russell, 
and Albert Gallatin, Citizens of the United States, who, after a 
reciprocal communication of their respective Full Powers, have 
agreed upon the following Articles : — 

Peace and Amity. Bestaration of Peace^ Friendship^ and good 
understanding upon principles of perfect reciprocily between 
Territories and Peoples respectively. Cessation of Hostilities 
after Ratification of Treaty. Restoration of Territory^ Places^ 
and Possessions captured during the War {excepting Islands 
near Boundary Line), Non-destruction noj* removal of Artillery 
or other Public Property in Forts or Places^ nor Slaves or 
other Private Property. Restoration of Archives^ Records^ ^c, 

Abt. I. There shaU be a firm and universal Peace between 
His Britannic Majesty and the United States, and between their 
respective countries, territories, cities, towns and people, of 
every deg^ee^ without exception of places or persons. All 
hostilities both by sea and land shaU- cease, as soon as this 
Treaty shaU have been ratified by both Parties, as hereinafter 
mentioned. All territory, places, and possessions whatsoever, 
taken by either party from the other during the War, or which 
may be taken citer the signing of this Treaty, exceptitig only 

49 E 



24 Dec., 1814.] GREAT BBITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [Ho. 6 
[Treaty of Ohent.] 

the Islands hereinafter mentioned, shall be restored without 
delay, and without causing any destmction, or carrying away 
any of the artillery, or other Public Property, originally captured 
in the said Forts or Places, and which shall remain therein upon 
the exchange of the Ratifications of this Treaty, or any Slaves or 
other Private Property.* And all Archives, Records, Deeds, and 
Papers, either of a public nature, or belonging to private persons, 
which, in the course of the War, may have fallen into the hands 
of the ofiScers of either party, shall be, as far as may be prac- 
ticable, forthwith restored, and delivered to the proper authorities 
and Persons to whom they respectively belong. 

Temporary retention of Islands of the Bay of Passamaquodchf, 

Such of the Islands in the Bay of Passamaquoddy as are 
claimed by both parties, shall remain in the possession of the 
party in whose occupation they may be at the time of the 
exchange of the Ratifications of this Treaty, until the decision 
respecting the title to the said Islands shall have been made, in 
conformity with Article IV of this Treaty. 

No disposition made by this Treaty, as to such possession 
of the Islands and Territories claimed by both parties, shall 
in any manner whatever be construed to affect the right of 
either. 

Prizes taken after Ratification of Treaty. Periods for Cessation 
of Hostilities in different Latitudes at Sea. 

Art. it. Immediately after the Ratifications of this Treaty by 
both parties, as herein after-mentioned, orders shall be sent to 
the armies, squadrons, oflScers, subjects and citizens of the two 
powers, to cease from all hostilities. And to prevent all causes 
of complaint, which might arise on account of the Prizes which 
may be taken at Sea after the said Ratifications of this Treaty', it 
is reciprocally agreed, that all Vessels and effects which may be 
taken after the space of 12 days from the said Ratifications 
upon all parts of the Coast of North America, from the latitude 
of 23 deg. North, to the latitude of 50 deg. North, and as far 
Eastward in the Atlantic Ocean as the 36th deg. of West longl- 

• Interpretation disputed. See Convention of 20th October, 1818 ; Award 
of Emperor of Russia of 22nd April, 1822 ; and Convention of ^ j'^y , 1822. 

60 



No. 6] GREAT BBITAIH AITD UNITED STATES. [24 Deo, 1814. 
[Tnatjr of Qk«nt.] 

tode from the meridian of Oreenwich, shall be restored on each 
aide ; that the time shall be 30 days in all other parts of the 
Atlantic Ocean North of the eqmDoctial line or Equator, and the 
same time for the British and Irish Channels, for the Gulf of 
Mexico, and all parts of the West Indies; 40 days for the 
North Seas, for the Baltic, and for all parts of the Mediterranean ; 
60 days for the Atlantic Ocean South of the Equator, as far as 
the latitude of the Cape of Gkxxl Hope; 90 days for eveiy 
other part (rf the world south of the Equator ; and 120 days for 
all other parts of the world without exception. 

Bestaration of Prisamrs of War on their patpnent of then* DtbU. 
Repaymmt of Advances for Subsistence of Prisoners. 

Abt. III. All prisoners of war taken on either side, as well 
by land as by sea, shall be restored as soon as practicable after 
the Ratifications of this Treaty, as hereinafter mentioned, on 
tiieir paying the Debts which they may have contracted during 
their captivity. The two Contracting Parties respectiyely engage 
to discharge in specie the advances which may have been made 
by the other for the sustenance and maintenance of such 
prisoners. 

Boundary: Islands in the Bay of Passamaqaoddy {part of Bay of 
Fundy) and Island of Grand Menan, Appointment of Commis- 
sioners to decide Claims thereto, Oath^ and Place of Meeting, 
Decision by Declaration or Rq^ort^ final and conclusive* 

Art. IV.f Whereas it was stipulated, by the Ilnd Ajticle 
in the Treaty of Peace of 1783, between His Britannic Majesty 
and The United States of America, that the Boundary of the 
United States should comprehend *^ All Islands within twenty 
leagues of any part of the shores of the United States, and lying 
between lines to be drawn due East from the points where the 
aforesaid boundaries, between Nova Scotia on the one part, and 
East Florida on the other, shall respectively touch the Bay of 
Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting such Islands as how arc. 
or heretofore have been, within the limits of Nova Scotia : " And 

* The Oommiflaonen wore :— For Great Britain, Mr. Thomas Bardaj ; 
for the United States, Mr. John Holmes. They met first at St. Andrew's 
and afterwards at New York, at which latter place they drew up their Deci- 
sion on the 24th Norember, 1817. 

t See Treaty between Ghreat Britain and United States of Srd September, 
1783. Appendix. 

51 E 2 



24 D6C., 1814.] GREAT BRITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [No. 6 
[Treaty of Ghent.] 

whereas the several Islands ia the Bay of Passamaquoddy, which 
is part of the Bay of Fandy, and the Island of Grand Menan, in 
the said Bay of Fundy, are claimed by the United States as being 
comprehended within their aforesaid Boundaries, which said 
Islands are claimed as belonging to His Britannic Majesty, as 
having been, at the time of and previous to the aforesaid Treaty 
of 1783, within the limits of the Province of Nova Scotia; in 
order, therefore, finally to decide upon these Claims, it is agreed 
that they shall be referred to two Commissioners, to be appointed 
in the following manner, viz.: — One Commissioner shall be 
appointed by His Britannic Majesty, and one by the President of 
the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate thereof ; and the said two Commissioners so appointed, 
shall be sworn impartially to examine and decide upon Uie said 
Claims, according to such evidence as shall be laid before them 
on the part of His Britannic Majesty and of the United States 
respectively. The said Commissioners shall meet at St. Andrew's, 
in the Province of New Brunswick, and shall have power to 
adjourn to such other place or places as they shall think fit. 
The said Commissioners shall, by a Declaration or Report, under 
their hands and seals, decide to which of the two Contracting 
Parties the several Islands aforesaid do respectively belong, in 
conformity with the true intent of the said Treaty of Peace 
of 1783; and if the said Commissioners shall agree in their 
Decision, both Parties shall consider such Decision as final and 
conclusive. 

Arbitration in case of Difference. 
It is further agreed, that in the event of the two Commis- 
sioners differing upon all or any of the matters so referred to 
them, or in the event of both or either of the said Commissioners 
refusing or declining, or wilfully omitting to act as such, they 
shall make, jomtly or separately. Report or Reports, as well to 
the Government of His Britannic Majesty as to that of the United 
States, stating in detail the points on which they differ, and the 
grounds upon which their respective opinions have been formed, 
or the grounds upon which they, or either of them, have so 
refused, declined, or omitted to act. And His Britannic Majesty 
and the Government of the United States, hereby agree, to refer 
the Report or Reports of the said Commissioners to some Friendly 
Sovereign or State, to be then named for that purpose, and who 

52 



Ho. 6] GEEAT BBITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [24 DeO., 1814. 
[Treaty of OHlent.] 

shall be requested to decide on the differences which may be stated 
in the said Report or Reports, or upon the Report of one Ck>m- 
missioner, together with the grounds upon whidi the other Com- 
missioner shall have refused, declined, or omitted to act, as the 
case may be. And if the Commissioner so refusing, declining, or 
omitting to act, shall also wilfully omit to state the grounds upon 
which he has so done, in such manner that the said statement may 
be referred to such friendly Sovereign or State, together with the 
Report of such other Conunissioner, then such Sovereign or 
State shall decide, ex parte, upon the said Report alone, and 
His Britannic Majesty and the Government of the United 
States engaged to consider the Decision of such friendly 
Sovereign or State, to be final and conclusive on all the matters 
80 referred. 

Boundary : Determtvation of Point of Highlands North of Hivir 
St, Croix^ or North- West Angle of Nova Scotia^ and North* 
Westemmofft Head of Connecticut River, Survey of Line from 
River St, Croix to Nova Scotia along Highlands to Connecticut 
River^ down River to 45M Degree^ and Line West to River IrO" 
quoisy or Cataraguy (St, Lawrence), 

Abt. V, Whereas neither that point of the Highlands lying 
due North fmm the source of the River St. Croix, designated in 
the former Treaty of Peace between the two Powers,* as the 
north-west angle of Nova Scotia, nor the north-westernmost head 
of Connecticut River have yet been ascertained ; and whereas that 
part of the Boundary line between the dominions of the two 
Powers, which extends from the source of the River St. Croix, 
directly North to the above-mentioned north-west angle of Nova 
Scotia, thence along the said Highlands which divide those Rivers 
that empty themselves mto the River St. Lawrence from those 
which fall into the Atlantic Ocean to the north- westernmost head 
of Connecticut River, thence down along the middle of that River 
to the 45th degree of north latitude, thence by a line due West on 
said latitude until it strikes the River Iroquois, or Cataraguy, has 
not yet been surveyed, it is agreed that for these several purposes 
two Commissioners shall be appointed, sworn, and authorised, to 
act exactly in the manner directed with respect to those mentioned 
in the next preceding Article, unless otherwise specified in the 
present Article. 

53 



24 Dec, 1814.] aBBAT BRITAIN AND UNITED STATBS. [No. 6 
[Treaty of Glient.] 

Appointment of CommissionerSy Oathy and Place of Muting.* 

The said Commissioners shall meet at St. Andrew's, in the 
province of New Brunswick, and shall have power to adjourn to 
such other place or places as they shall think fit. The said 
Commissioners shall have power to ascertain and determine 
the points above mentioned, in conformity with the provi- 
sions of the said Treaty of Peace of 1783 ;t and shall cause the 
Boundary aforesaid, from the source of the River St. Croix to the 
River Iroquois, or Cataraguy, to be surveyed and marked according 
to the said provisions ; the said Commissioners shall make a Map 
of the said boundary, and annex to it a Declaration under their 
hands and seals, certifying it to be the true Map of the said 
Boundary, and particularising the latitude and longitude of the 
north-west angle of Nova Scotia, of the north-westernmost head 
of Comiecticut River, and of such other points of the said Boun- 
dary as they may deem proper. 

Map atul Declaration^ Fiiuxl and Conclusive. 

And both parties agree to consider such Map and Dedaration 
as finally and conclusively fixing the said Boundary. 

Arbitration in case of Difference, 

And ill the event of the said two Commissioners differing, 
or both, or either of them, refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting 
to act, such reports, declarations or statements shall be made 
by them, or either of them, and such reference to a friendly 
Sovereign or State shall be made in all respects, as in the latter 
part of the IVth Article is contained, and in as full a manner 
as if the same was herein repeated. 

* Tko CommisBionera were : — ^For Gh-eat Britain, Mr. Thomas Barclay ; 
for the United States, Mr. John Hohnes. Thej met first at St. Andrew's 
and afterwards at New York ; but as they were unable to agree upon the 
Boundary line, a CouTcntion was concluded on the 29th September, 1827, 
for regulating the reference of the disputed points to Arbitration. The 
King of the Netherlands was inyited to accept the office of arbitrator, and 
he did so, and on the 10th January, 1831, he pronounced his Decision. It 
was not, howcTer, accepted by the United States, as the Award did not' 
profess to follow the submission, but recommended a conrentional line; 
and the Boundaiy line was finally settled by the Treaty of 9th August, 
1842. 

t See Treaty between Great Britain and United States of 3rd September, 
1788. Appendix. 

5i 



No. 6] aSSAT BSITiJN AND UNITED STATES. [M Dec^ 1814. 
[Treaty of 01i«nt.] 

Boundary: WaUr Line through Elver Iroquois (St. Latvrence), 
through Lakes Ontario^ Erie^ and Huron^ to Lake Superior. 
Doubts as to Middle of Lakes and Islands therein. 

Akt. VI. Whereas by the former Treaty of Peace that portion 
of the Boundary of the United States from the point where the 
45th degree of north latitude strikes the River Iroquois, or Cata- 
raguy, to the Lake Superior, was declared to be "along the 
middle of said River into Lake Ontario, through the middle of said 
Lake, imtil it strikes the communication by water between that 
Lake and Lake Erie, thence along the middle of said communica- 
tion into Lake Erie, through the middle of said Lake until it 
arrives at the water communication into the Lake Huron, thence 
through the middle of said Lake to the water communication 
between that Lake and Lake Superior; " and whereas doubts have 
arisen what was the middle of the said River, Lakes, and water 
communications, and whether certain Islands lying in the same 
were within the dominions of His Britannic Majesty or of the 
United States. 

Appointment of Coinmissiona's, Oath, and Place of Mettiiuj.* 

In order, therefore, finally to decide these doubts, they shall 
be referred to two Commissioners, to be appointed, sworn, and 
authorised, to act exactly in the manner directed with respect to 
those mentioned in the next preceding Article, unless otherwise 
specified in this present Article. The said Commissioners shall 
meet, in the first instance, at Albany, m the State of New York, 
and shall have power to adjourn to such other place or places as 
they shall think fit. 

Report or DeclaratiuUy Final and Conclusive, 

The said Commissioners shall, by a Report or Declaration, under 
their hands and seals, designate the Boundary through the said 
Rivers, Lakes, and water communications, and decide to which 
of the two Contracting Parties the several Islands lying within 
the said Rivers, Lakes, and water communications, do respectively 
belong, in conformity with the true intent of the said Treaty of 

• The Gommisflioners were : — For Great Britain, Mr. Anthony Barclaj j 
and for the United States, Mr. Peter B. Porter. Thej met first at Albanj, 
and afterwards at Utioa, and thej pronounced their Decision on the 18th 
June, 1822. 

55 



24 Dec, 1814 J GUIEAT BRITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [Ho. 6 
[Treaty of Ghent.] 

1783.* And both parties agree to consider such designation and 
Decision as final and conclusive. 

Arbitration in case of Difference. 
And in the event of the said two Commissioners differing, or 
both, or either of them refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting to 
act, such Reports, Declarations, or Statements, shall be made by 
them, or either of them, and such reference to a friendly Sove- 
reign or State shall be made in all respects, as in the latter 
part of the IVth Article is contained, and in as full a manner as 
if the same was herein repeated. 

Boundary ; Determination, by Last Commissioners,^ of Water Line 
from Lake Huron and Lake Superior to the Lake of the 
Woods, and of Islands therein, and Latitude and Longitude of 
North' West Point of Lake of the Woods. 

Abt. VII. It is further agreed, that the said two last-men- 
tioned Commissioners, after they shall have executed the duties 
assigned to them in the preceding Article, shall be, and they are 
hereby authonsed, upon their oaths, impaitially to fix and deter- 
mine, according to the true intent of the said Treaty of Peace of 
1783,t that part of the boundary between the dominions of the 
two Powers, which extends from the water communication between 
Lake Huron and Lake Superior, to the most North- Western Point 
of the Lake of the Woods ; to decide to which of the two 
Parties the several Islands lying in the Lakes, water communica- 
tions, and Rivers, forming the said Boundary, do respectively 
belong, in conformity with the true intent of the said Treaty of 
Peace of 1783, and to cause such parts of said Boundary as 
require it, to be surveyed and marked. 

Eeport and Declaration, Final and Conclusive, 

The said Commissioners shall, by a Report or Declaration, 
under their hands and seals, designate the Boundary aforesaid, 
state their decision on the points thus referred to them, and 

* The CommiBrionen were : — ^For Ghreat Britain, Mr. Anthony Barclay ; 
for the United Stotes, Mr. Peter B. Porter. Thej met at New York, and 
on the 23rd October, 1826, thej made their Report. They were unable, 
howorer, to agree on certain pointB, and the Une of Boundary was finally 
settled by the Treaty of 9th August, 1842. 

t See Treaty between Qreat Britain and United States of 8rd September, 
1783. Appendix. 

56 



No. 6] GBEAT BBITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [24 Dec, 1814. 
[Treaty of Ghent.] 

particularise the latitude and longitude of the most North- 
Western Point of the Lake of the Woods, and of such other 
parts of the said Boundary as they may deem proper, and both 
Parties agree to consider such designation and Decision as final 
and conclusive. 

Arbitration in case of Difference, 

And in the event of the said two Commissioners differing, or 
both or either of them refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting 
to act, such Reports, Declarations, or Statements shall be made 
by them, or either of them, and such reference to a friendly 
Sovereign or State shall be made in all respects as in the latter 
part of Article IV is contained, and in as full a manner as if 
the same was herein repeated. 

Boundary: Appointment of Secretary, Surveyor, and last Com^ 
missioners. Duplicates of Reports, Declarations, Statements, 
Decisions, Accounts, and Journals of Proceedings, Payments 
of Salaries and Expenses, Supply of Vacancies. 
Art. VIII. The several Boards of two Commissioners, men- 
tioned in the four preceding Articles, shall respectively have 
power to appoint a Secretary, and to employ such Surveyors or 
other persons as they shall judge necessary. DupHcates of all 
their respective Reports, Declarations, Statements, and Decisions, 
and of their Accounts, and of the Journal of their Proceedings, 
shall be delivered by them to the Agents of His Britannic 
Majesty, and to the Agents of the United States, who may be 
respectively appointed and authorised to manage the business on 
behalf of their respective Governments. The said Commissioners 
shall be respectively paid in such manner as shall be agreed 
between the two Contracting Parties, such agreement being to 
be settled at the time of the exchange of the Ratifications of 
this Treaty. And all other expenses attending the said Commis- 
sioners shall be defrayed equally by the Two Parties. And in case 
of death, sickness, resignation, or necessary absence, the place^ 
of every such Conunissioner respectively shall be supplied in the 
same manner as such Commissioner was first appointed, and the 
new Commissioner shall take the same oath or afBrmation, and do 
the same duties. 

Validity of Grants of Land in Ish/fids in question made hy Power 
in possession before the War, 

It is further agreed between the two Contracting Parties, 

67 



a Dec, 1814.J GBEAT BBITAIN AND UNITED STAIBS. [Mo. 6 
[Treaty of Ohent.] 

that in caee any of the Islands mentioned in any of the preceding 
Articles, which were in the possession of one of the parties 
prior to the commencement of the present War between the two 
Gomitries, should, by the decision of any of the Boards of Com- 
missioners aforesaid, or of the Sovereign or State so referred to, 
as in the four next preceding Articles contained, fall within the 
dominions of the other party, all Grants of Land made previous 
to the commencement of the War by the party having had such 
possession, shall be as valid as if such Island or Islands had, by 
such decision or decisions, been adjudged to be within the 
dominions of the party having had such possession. 

Cessation of Hostilities with all the Tribes or Nations of Indians. 
Uestoration of their Possessions, Bights and Privileges as in 
1811, jprevioiM to the War. 

Art. IX. The United States of America engage to put an 
end, immediately after the Ratification of the present Treaty, to 
hostilities with all the Tribes or Nations of Indians with whom they 
may be at war at the time of such Ratification, and forthwith to 
restore to such Tribes or Nations resix>ctively, all the possessions, 
rights, and privileges which they may have enjoyed or been 
entitled to in 1811, previous to such hostiUties. Provided always, 
that such Tribes or Nations shall agree to desist from all hostilities 
agamst the United States of America, their citizens and subjects, 
upon the ratification of the present Treaty being notified to such 
Tribes or Nations, and shall so desist accordingly. 

And His Britannic Majesty engages, on his part, to put an 
end, immediately after the ratification of the present Treaty, to 
hostilities with all the Tribes or Nations of Indians with whom 
he may be at war at the time of such ratification, and forthwith 
to restore to such Tribes or Nations respectively, all the posses- 
sions, rights, and privileges which they may have enjoyed or 
been entitled to in 1811, previous to such hostiUties. Pix)vided 
always, that such tribes or nations shall agree to desist from all 
hostilities against Ills Britannic Majesty and his subjects, upon 
the ratification of the present Treaty being notified to such Tribes 
or Nations, and shall so desist accordingly. 

ConHnuumce of efforts to promote entire extinction of the Slave 

Trade. 

Abt. X« Whereas the Trafiic in Slaves is in-eoondlable with 
58 



No. 6] GREAT BBITAIN AND UNITED STATES. [24 Dec, 1814. 
[TrMkty of Ghent.] 

the piindples of humanity and justioe, and whereas both His 
Majesty and the United States are desirous of continuing their 
efforts to promote its entire abolition, it is hereby agreed that both 
the Contracting Parties shall use their best endeavours to accom- 
plish so desirable an object. 

Ratificaiions without Alteration. 

Abt. XI. This Treaty, when the same shall have been ratified 
on both sides, without alteration by either of the Contracting 
Parties, and the Ratifications Mutually exchanged, shall bo binding 
on both parties, and the Ratifications shall be exchanged at 
Washington, in the space of four months from this day, or sooner, 
if practicable. 

In faith whereof, we, the respective Plenipotentiaries, have 
signed this Treaty, and have thereunto affixed our seals. 

Done, in triplicate, at Ghent, the 24th day of December, 1814. 

(L.S.) GAMBIER. 

(L.S.) tt GOULBURN. 

(L.S.) WM. ADAMS. 
(L.8.) JOHN QUINCEY ADAMS. 
(L.S.) J. A. BAYARD. 
(L.S.) H. CLAY. 
(L.S.) JON. RUSSELL. 
(L.S.) ALBERT GALLATIN. 



59 



8 Feb., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 7 

[Slave Trade.] 

No. 1.— DECLARATION of the Eight Powers, relative to 
the Universal Abolition of the Slave Trade, ^^enna, 8th 

February^ 1815. 

[This Declaration formed Annex XV to the Vienna Congresa 

Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

The Plenipotentiaries of the Powers who signed the Treaty of 
Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), assembled in Conference. 

Having taken into consideration that the commerce, known by 
the name of " The Slave Trade " (Traite des N^gres d'Afrique), 
has been considered, by just and enlightened men of all ages, as 
repugnant to the principles of humanity and universal morality ; 
that the particular circumstances from which this commerce has 
originated, and the diflSculty of abniptly arresting its progress, 
may have concealed, to a certain extent, what was odious in its 
continuance, but that at length the public voice, in all civilised 
countries, calls aloud for its prompt suppression ; that since the 
chai-acter and the details of this traffic have been better knowui 
and the evils of every kind which attend it, completely developed, 
several European Governments have virtually come to the reso- 
lution of putting a stop to it, and that successively all the Powers 
possessing Colonies in different parts of the world have acknow- 
ledged, cither by Legislative Acts, or by Treaties, or other formal 
engagements, the duty and necessity of abolishing it ;t 

That by a separate Article of the late Treaty of Paris (No. 1), 
Great Britain and France engaged to unite their efforts at the 
Congress of Vienna to induce all the Powers of Christendom to 
proclaim the imiversal and definitive abolition of the Slave Trade; 

That the Plenipotentiaries assembled at this Congress caimot 
do greater credit to their mission, letter fulfil their duty, and 
manifest the principles which actuate their august Sovereigns, 
than by endeavouring to carry tliis engagement into effect, and 
by proclaiming, in the name of their Sovereigns, tlieir wish of 
putting an end to a scoiu-ge which has so long desolated Africa, 
degraded Europe, and afflicted humanity ; 

The said Plenipotentiaries have agreed to ojKjn their deli- 
berations, on the means of accomplishing so salutary an object, 
by a solemn declaration of the principles which have governed 
them in tliis undertaking ; accordingly, being duly authorised for 

• For French yenion, see " State Papers," toL iii, p. 971. 
t See Hertelet's Treaties, toI. xii, Index, p. 142. 
60 



No. 7] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [8 Feb., 1815. 

[Slave Trade.] 

this purpose, by the imanunoiis accession of their respective Courts 
to the principle laid down in the said separate Article of the Treaty 
of Paris ; they declare, in the face of Europe, that, considering 
the universal abolition of the Slave Trade as a measure particu- 
larly worthy of their attention, conformable to the spirit of the 
times, and to the generous principles of their august Sovereigns, 
they are animated with the sincere desire of concurring in the 
most prompt and effectual execution of this measure, by all the 
means at their disposal; and of acting, in the employment of 
these means, with all the zeal and perseverance which is due to 
so gi-eat and noble a cause. 

Too well acquainted, however, with the sentiments of their 
Sovereigns, not to perceive, that however honourable may be 
their views, they cannot bo attained without due regard to the 
interests, the habits, and even the prejudices of their subjects ; 
the said Plenipotentiaries at the same time acknowledge that this 
general Declaration cannot prejudge the period that each parti- 
cular Power may consider as most advisable for the definitive 
abolition of the Slave Trade. Consequently, the determining the 
period when this trade is to cease universj^ly, must be a subject 
of negotiation between the Powers ; it being understood, how- 
ever, that no proper means of securing its attainment, and of 
accelerating its progress, are to be neglected; and that the 
engagement reciprocally contracted in the present Declaration, 
between the Sovereigns who are parties to it, cannot be con- 
sidered as completely fulfilled, until the period when complete 
success shall have crowned their united efforts. 

In communicating this Declaration to the knowledge of Europe, 
and of all civilised countries, the said Plenipotentiaries hope to 
prevail on every other Government, and particularly on those 
which, in abolishing the Slave Trade, have already manifested 
the same sentiments, to give them their support in a cause, the 
final triumph of which will be one of the noblest monuments of 
the age which embraced it, and which shall have brought it to a 
glorious termination.* 

Vienna, the 8th of February, 1815. 

(Signed) CASTLEREAGH. PALMELLA. 

STEWART, Lieut.-Gen. SALDANHA. 

WELLINGTON. LOBO. 

NESSELRODE. HUMBOLDT. 

C. LOWENHIEFJ^L METTERNICH. 

GOAiEZ LABRADOR. TALLEYRAND. 



* See alBO Bosolntions of tbc Congress of Verona of 28th Noyembcr, 1822. 

Gl 



19 Marob, 18150 GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 8 

[Pr«oedenoe.] 

No. 8.— REGULATION of the Eight Powers, eoncemiuff 
the Bank and Precedence of Diplomatic Agents. — Signed 
at ViennCy 19th March, 1815. 



[This Regulation formed Aonex XVII to the Vienna Congress 

Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 
Abt. Tablk. 

Preamble. 

1. Diyision of Diplomatic Characters. 

2. ReprcsontatiTe Character. 
8. Special Mitmoni. 

4. Diplomatic Precedence. Representatives of the Pope. 
6. Form for Reception of Diplomatic Agents. 

6. Diplomatic Agents of Courts Allied hy FamOy or other Ties. 

7. Alternation of Signatures in Acts or Treaties. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 
Preamble. 
In order to prevent in future the inconveniences which have 
frequently occurred, and which may still occur, from the claims 
of Precedence among the different Diplomatic Characters, the 
Plenipotentiaries of the Powers who signed the Treaty of Paris 
(No. 1) have agreed on the following Articles, and think it tlicir 
duty to invite those of the other Crowned Heads to adopt the 
same regulations. 

Division of Diplomatic Oiaracters. 
Art. I. Diplomatic Characters are divide^l into Three classes. 
That of Ambassadors, Legates, or Nuncios. 
That of Envoys, Ministers, or other persons aoeredited to 
Sovereigns. 

That of Charg<S d'Affwres, accredited only to the Ministers for 
Foreign AfFairs. 

Representative Character. 
Art. II. Ambassadors, Legates, or Nuncios only shall have a 
Representative character. 

Special Missions. 
Art. hi. Diplomatic characters charged with any Special 
Mission shall not on that account assume any superiority of 
Rank. 

Diplomatic Precedence. 
Airr. IV. Diplomatic characters shall rank in their respective 
classes, according to the date of the official notification of their 
arrival. 

** For French rersion, see " State Papers," toI. ii, p. 179. 
62 



No. 8] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. 

[Precedence.] 



[19 March, 1815. 



Representatives of the Pope, 
The present Regulation shall not occasion any change respect- 
ing the Representatives of the Pope. 

Form for Reception of Diplomatic Agents, 
Art. V. There shall be a regular form adopted by each State 
for the reception of Diplomatic Characters of every Class. 

Diplomatic Agents of Courts Allied hy Family or other Ties. 

Art. VI. Ties of consanguinity or family alliances between 
Courts confer no Rank on their Diplomatic Agents. The same 
rule also applies to political alliances. 

Alternation of Signatures in Acts or Treaties, 
Art. VII. In Acts or Treaties between several Powers that 
admit the altemity, the order which is to be observed in the sig- 
natures of Ministers shall be decided by ballot 

The present regulation is inserted in the Protocol of the 
Plenipotentiaries of the eight Powers who signed the Treaty of 
Paris, at their sitting of the 19th March, 1815. 

(The signatures follow in the Alphabetical order of the 
Courts.) 

The PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 

The BARON DE WESSENBERG. 

P. GOMEZ LABRADOR. 

The PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 

The DUKE D'ALBERG. 

LATOUR DU PIN. 

COUNT ALEXIS DE NOAILLES. 

CLANCARTY. 

CATHCART. 

STEWART, Lt.-Gen. 

The COUNT PALMELLA. 

SALDANHA. 

LOBO. 

PRINCE HARDENBERG. 

BARON HUMBOLDT. 

COUNT RASOUMOFFSKY. 

COUNT STACKELBERCiJ. 

COUNT NESSELRODE. 

LOWENHIELM. 

See Protocol of 6 Powers of 2l8t Noyembcp, 1818, rcfpecting Ministers 
Resident. 

63 



Austria. 


(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 


Spain (Espaone). 


(L.S.) 


Prance. 


(L.S.) 




CL.S.) 




(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 


Great Britain. 


(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 


Pohtuqal. 


(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 
(L.S.J 




Prussia. 


(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 


Russia. 


(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 


Sweden. 


(L.S.) 



20 March, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, &c. [No. 9 

[Switserland.] 



No. 9.-- DECLARATION of the 8 Powers, on the Affairs 
of the Helvetic Confederacy. Signed at Vienna^ 20ih 
March, 1815. 

[This Declaration formed Annex XIa to the Vienna Congress 
Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Tablb. 

Preamble. Independence and Neutrality of Switzerland, {ValUe dee 
Dappes.) 

1. Integrity of the 19 Cantons. 

2. Union of 3 now Cantons; Valais, Geneva, Neufchaiel, (VaUie dee 

Dappes,) 

8. Union of Bishopric of Baele, and Town and Territory of Bienne, with 
Canton of Berne. 

4. Rights of Inhabitants of Countries united with Canton of Berne. Collec- 
tion of Ordinary Rerenues. Indemnity to the Prince Bishop of 
Baele, Retention of Bishopric of Basle. Proportion to be paid by 
Canton of Berne to Bishopric of Basle, 

6. Commercial and MiUtaiy communications of the Town of Geneva with the 
Canton of Vaud. Versoy Boad. Passage of Troops. Free Commu- 
nication between the Town of Geneva and the Jurisdiction of JPeney. 
Accession of Territory for the Town of Geneva, 

6. Mutual Compensations by Cantons of Argovia, Vaud, Tesein, and St. Gall 

to Cantons of Schweitz, Unterwald, Uri, Glaris, Zug, and Appenzell. 

7. Disposal of Funds placed in England by the Cantons of Zurich and 

Berne. 

8. Indemnity to Proprietors of '* Lauds.** 

9. Pensions to Prince Abbot of 81, Gall, and others. Accession to Federal 

Union. Amnesty. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 
Preamble. 

The Powers called upon to mediate in the arrangement of the 
affairs of Switzerland, in order to carry into effect Article VI of 
the Treaty of Paris of the 80th May, 1814 (No. 1), having ac- 
knowledged that the general interest demands that the Ilclvetic 
States should enjoy the benefit of a perpetual Neutrality ; and 
wishing, by territorial restitutions and cessions, to enable it to 
secure its Independence and maintain its Neutrality ; 

After havmg obtained every information relative to the inte- 
rests of the different Cantons, and taken into consideration the 
claims submitted to them by the Helvetic Legation ; 

• For French yersion, see " State Popers," voL ii, p. 142. 
G4 



No. 9] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [20 Marcb, 1816. 

[SwitMrlaad.] 

Perpetual Neutrality, 

Declare, 

That as soon as the Helvetic Diet shall have duly and formally 
acceded to the stipulations contained in the present Instrument, an 
Act shaU be prepared, containing the acknowledgment and the 
guarantee, on the part of all the Powers, of the perpetual Neu- 
trality of Switzerland, in her new frontiers ; which Act shall form 
part of that which, in the execution of Article XXXII of tho 
Treaty of Paris of the 80th May, was to complete the arrange- 
ments contained in that Ti-eaty * 

Integrity of the 19 Cantons of Switzerland.^ 

Abt. L (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art LXXIV.) 

Switzerland, Union ofUHiree new Cantons (Th^ Valais^ Geneva^ 
NeufchatelX). ValUe des Dappes.^ 

Abt. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
ArtLXXV.) 

Switzerland. Union of Bishopric ofBasU^ and Town and Territory 
ofBienne^ with Canton of Berne, 

Art. III. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art LXXVI.) 

Switzerland, Bights of Inhabitants of Countries united with Canton 

of Berne, 

Art. IV. (1, 2, 8, Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 
27) as Art LXXVII.) 

^ See Act of the 5 Powers of 20th KoTember, 1816. 



Zurich. 


Unterwald. 


Baele. 


Argoyia. 


Berne. 


01ari8. 


SchaffhaoBen. 


Thurgoria. 




Zug. 


Appenzell. 


Tesun. 


Uri. 


Friburg. 


St. Gall. 


Vaud. 


Sohweits. 


Soleure. 


Grisons. 





X The King of ProBsia renounced his SoToreign Rigbts over the Princi- 
pality of Neufchatel and the County of Valengin, by the Treaty between 
Chreat Britain, Austria, France, Prussia, Bussia, and Switzerland, of 26th 
May, 1857, by which Treaty it was also declared that the Principality should 
continue to form part of the Swiss Confederation, in conformity with Art. 
LXXV of the Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815. 

§ See Treaty between France and Switzerland of 8th December, 1862. 

65 F 



20 March, 1815.] GBJSAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [No. 9 

[Swlts«rlaxtd.] 

Collection of Ordinary Revenues. 
4. The ordmary revenues of the country shall be collected on 
account of the present Administration, until the date of the acces- 
sion of the Diet to the present transaction. The arrears of the 
said revenues shall be collected in like manner, but the extraordl- 
naiy taxes, which have not yet been paid into the public chest, 
shdl not be demanded. 

Indemnity to the Prince Bishop of Bctsle. 
6. No indenmity having been received by the Prince Bishop 
of Basle, for the quota of the revenues accruing to him from the 
Bishopric which hitherto formed a part of Switzerland, and a sti- 
pulation having been made in the Reces of the German Empire of 
1808,* in favour of those countries only which have become an 
integral part of the said Empire^ the cantons of Berne and Basle 
are to pay to him, in addition to the said annuity, the sum of 
12,000 florins of the Empire, dating from the union of the Bishop- 
ric of Basle to' the Cantons of Berne and Basle ; the fifth part of 
this sum shall be applied to, and remain as a provision for, the 
support of the canons of the ancient cathedral of Basle, in order 
to make up the annuity which has been settled by the Rech of 
the German Empire. 

Retention of Bishopric of Basle. 
The Helvetic Diet shall determine whether it be expedient to 
retain a Bishopric in this part of Switzerland, or whether this 
diocese may not be united to that which, pursuant to the new 
arrangements, shall be formed out of the Swiss territory which 
belonged to the diocese of Constance. 

Proportion to he paid by Canton of Berne to Bishopric of Basle. 
In case the Bishopric of Basle should be continued, the Canton 
of Berne shall furnish, in the same proportion as the other 
countries which shall in future be placed under the spiritual 
administration of the Bishop, such a sum as may be necessary for 
the support of this prelate, of his chapter, and of his seminar}'. 

Smtterland. Commercial and- Af Hilary Communications between 
Town of Geneva and Canton of Vaud. Passage of Troops. 
Versoy Road. 

Art. V. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (Ho. 27) as 
Art. LXXIX.) 

* Sec Appendix. 
66 



No. 9] 0BBAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [20 Manh, 1810. 

[SwitwrlABd.] 

Free Commumcation between the Town of Geneva atid the JuriB- 
diction of Beney. 
In the Additional Regulations* to be made on this subject, the 
execution of the Treaties relative to the free Ccnnmunicatioa 
between the Town of Geneva and the Jurisdiction of Peney, shall 
be gnaranteed in a manner the most suitable to the interests of 
the inhabitants of Oeneva. His Most Christian Majesty consents 
likewise, that the gendarmerie and militia of Geneva, after having 
communicated on the subject with the nearest military post of the 
French gendarmerie, shall pass on the high road of Meyrin, in the 
said jurisdiction, to and from the town of Geneva. 

Accession of Territory for the Town of Geneva, 
The Contracting Powers shall, moreover, interpose their good 
oflSces for the purpose of obtaining for the Town of Geneva a 
suitable accession of territory on the side of Savoy. 

Switzerland. Mutual Compensations by Cantons of Argovia, Vaud^ 

Tessiny and St. Gall to Cantons of Schweitz^ Unterwald, Uri^ 

GlariSy Zug^ and Appenzell. 

Art. VI. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXXXI.) 

A Commission appointed by the Diet shall superintend the 
execution of the preceding arrangements. 

Switzerland. Disposal of Funds placed in England by Cantons of 
Zurich and Berne. 

Art. VII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXXXII.) 

Switzerland. Indemnity to Proprietors of " Lauds.** 
Art. VIII. (Embodied in Vionna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art. LXXXni.) 

Pensions to Prince Abbot of St. Gall and others. 

Art. IX. The Mediating Powers, acknowledging the justice 

of securing to the Prince Abbot of St. Gall an honourable and 

independent existence, direct, that the Canton of St. Gall shall 

pay to him an annuity of 6,000 florins of the Empire, and to those 

• Annex (B B) to Treaty of 20th May, 1816. 

07 F 2 



20 Maroh, 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTBU, &c. [No. 

[SwitMrlaad.] 

under him, an annuity of 2,000. These pensions shall be paid by 
instalments (commencing from the 1st of January, 1815) into the 
hands of the directing canton, every three months, which shall 
place them at the disposal of the Prince Abbot of St Gall, and of 
those under him respectively. 

The Powers mediating in the affairs of Switzerland, by the 
above Declaration, afford a manifest proof of their desire to 
secure the internal tranquillity of the Confederation. They also 
feel it a duty to omit nothing which may accelerate its accom- 
plishment 

Accession to Federal Union, 

They expect, therefore, that the Cantons, laying aside, for the 
public good, every secondary consideration, will no longer delay 
their Accession to the Federal Union, freely consented to by a 
great majority of the Swiss States ; the conmion interest impe- 
riously demanding that every part of Switzerland should unite, 
as soon as possible, under the same Federative Constitution. 

The Convention of the 16th August, 1814,* annexed to the 
Act of the Federal Union, can no longer be an obstacle to their 
union. Its end being already attained by the Declaration of the 
Powers, it is in fact annulled. 

Amnesti/. 

To insure still further the repose of Switzerland, the Powers 
desire that a general Amnesty be granted to all individuals who, 
led astray at a period of uncertainty and irritation, might have 
acted in some respect or other contrary to the present order of 
things. Far from weakening the legitimate authority of Go- 
vernments, this act of clemency will afford them a new claim to 
exercise that salutary severity against whoever shall attempt in 
future to excite disturbance in the country. 

Finally, the mediating Powers trust, that the patriotism and 
the good sense of the Swiss people will point out to them the 
propiiety, as well as the necessity, of mutually obliterating the 
remembrance of those differences which have divided them, and 
of consolidating the work of their reorganisation by endeavouring 
to perfect it, in a spirit conducive to the public good, without any 
recollection of the past. 

The present Declaration has been inserted in the Protocol of 
the Cong^ss assembled at Vienna, at its sitting of the 19th 
March, 1815. 

• Annulled. 
68 



No. 9] aRBAT BRITAIN, AUSTBU, Ac. [20 March| 1815. 

[SwitMrland.] 



Done and certified by the Plenipotentiaries of the 
Powers who signed the Treaty of Paris (No. 1). 
Vienna, 20th March, 1815. 



Eight 



AUSIBIA. 

Spadt (Espaoke). 
France. 



Great Brttaik. 

Portugal. 
Prussia. 

BUS8IA« 

Sweden. 



(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 
(L.S,) LE BARON DE WESSENBERG. 

(L.S.) P. GOMEZ LABRADOR. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 

(L.S.) LE DUC DE D'ALBERG. 

(L.S,) LATOUR DUPIN. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE ALEXIS DE N0AILLE8. 

(L.S.) WELUNGTON. 
(L.S.) CLANCARTY. 
(L.S.) CATHCART. 
(L.S.) STEWART. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE PALMELLA. 
(L.S.) SALDANHA. 
(L.S.) LOBO. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) LB BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE RASOUMOFPSKY. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE DE STACKELBERG. 
(L.S.) NESSELRODB. 

(L.S.) LOWENHIELM. 



The Act of Accession of the Swiss Confederation to the above 
Declaration, signed at Zurich on the 27th May, 1815, formed 
Annex XIb to the Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815. 

An Act was also signed by the Protecting Powers (Great 
Britain, Austria, France, Prussia, and Russia), for the acknowledg- 
ment of the perpetual Neutrality of Switzerland, at Paris, on the 
20th November, 1815, and the Inviolability of its Territory. 



69 



29 Mareh, 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU fto. [No. 10 

[Gtoneva.] 



No. 10.— PROTOCOL of Confereme betwem the Plenipo- 
tentiaries of tJie 8 Powers^ on the Cessions made hy the 
King of Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva. Signed cU 
Vienna, 29th March, 1815. 

[This Protocol formed Annex XII to the Vienna Congress Treaty 
of 9th June, 1816, No. 27.] 

ABT. TlBLB. 

Froamble. 

1. Cession of part of Savoff. 

2. Communication between Geneva and the Valais, Simplon and Versotf 

Roads. Passage of Troops. 

3. Maintenance and Protection of Catholic Religion. 

4. Deliyery of Title Deeds of Landed Property, &c. 

5. Treaty of 3rd June, 1764, Confirmed ; Article XIII annulled. 

6. Conyeyance of Articles of Consumption for the Canton of Qeneta, 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Preamble, 

The Allied Powera having expressed their earnest desiit^ that 

certain facilities should be granted to the Canton of Geneva, either 

for connecting a disjointed part of its possessions, or for opening 

its Communications with Switzerland ; 

His Majesty the King of Sardinia being anxious on his part, 
to evince to his high and powerful allies, the great satisfaction 
which he experiences in rendering them any service in his power, 
the undersigned Plenipotentiaries have agreed to what follows ; 

Cession of Part of Savoy. Simplon Boad.^ 
Abt. I. His Majesty the King of Sardinia places at the dis- 
posal of the High Allied Powers that part of Savoy which is 
situated between the river Arve, the Rhone, the limits of that 
part of Savoy occupied by Prance, aud Mount Salfeve, as far as 
Veiry inclusive, together with that part which lies between the 
high road called the Simplon, the Lake of Greneva, and the present 
territory of the Canton of Geneva, from Venezas to the point 
where the River Hermance crosses the said road, and from 
thence, following the course of that River, to where it enters the 

• For French version, see " State Papers," vol. ii, p. 149. 
t See Protocol of 4 Powers of 3rd Noveiaber, 1815, Art. Y, 
70 



No. 10] aB£AT BBITAIN, AUSTRIA^ to. [29 Mareh, 1815. 

Lake of Geneva, to the east of the Village of Hermance (the 
whole of the road of the Simplon continaing to be posaessed by 
Bis Majesty the King of Sardinia) in order that these oountriea 
may be united to the Canton of Geneva ; with the reservation, 
however, of determining more predBcly, by Commissioners respeo 
tively appointed, their limits, particnlady of that part which relates 
to the demarcation above Yeiry and on Momit Sal^ve.* His 
Majesty renounces for himself and his successors iu perpetuity, 
idl rights of Sovereignty, and other rights which may have 
belonged to him over all the places and territories comprised in 
this line, without exception or reservation. 

Communication between Geneva and the Yalais. Simplon and 
Versoy Roads. 

Abt. II. His Majesty agrees, that the communication between 

the Canton of Geneva and the Valais, by the road of the Simplon, 

shall be established, in the same manner as it has been agreed to 

by France, between Geneva and the Canton of Vaud, by the 

route of Versoy. 

Passage of Troops, 

A free communication shall also be at all times granted for 
the Genevese troops, between the territory of Geneva and the 
jurisdiction of Jussy, and such facilities shall be allowed as may 
be necessary for proceeding by the lake to the road of the 
Simplon. 

Maintenance and Protection of Catholic Religion. 

Asa. III. On the other hand, His Majesty feeling reluctant to 
giving his consent to a part of his territory being united to a 
State, whose prevailing religion is different, without securing to 
the inhabitants of the country which he cedes, the enjoyment of 
the free exercise of their religion, and the means of keeping up 
their religious establishments, with the full enjoyment of all the 
rights of citizens ; 

It is agreed that, 

1. The Catholic religion shall be maintained and protected, in 
the same manner as at present, in all those communes ceded by 
His Majesty the King of Sardinia, which are to be united to the 
Canton of Geneva. 

i. Those parishes which are neither dismembered nor divided 
by the line of the new frontiers, shall retain their present extension, 
• Tref^ty between SardiniA ftnd Switserlaod of }6th M»rob« 1816, 
71 



29 March, 1815.] aBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 10 

[Qeneva.] 

and shall be served by the same namber of clergymen ; and with 
regard to the parts dismembered, which may not be sufficiently 
large to constitute a parish, application shall be made to the 
Bishop of the diocese, in order to obtain their annexation to some 
other parish of the Canton of Geneva. 

3. If the number of Protestants inhabiting the conununes 
ceded by His Majesty should be less than that of the Catholics, 
the schoolmasters residing in those communes shall always be 
Catholics. No Protestant church shall be established, excepting 
in the town of Carrouge, which shall have one. 

Two-thirds of the municipal officers shall be Catholics, and of 
the three individuals who fill the offices of mayor and his two 
assistants, two of them shall always be Catholics. 

In case it should happen that an equal number of Protes- 
tants and Catholics should reside in the same commune, the 
municipal body shall be composed of an equal number of Pro- 
testants and Catholics, and they shall fill the office of mayor 
alternately; in this case, however, there must always be a 
Catholic schoolmaster, even where a Protestant one is already 
established. 

It is not intended by this Article to prevent Protestants 
residing in a commune inhabited by Catholics, from erecting at 
their own expense a private chapel, for the exercise of their 
religion, if they desire it, or from having, also at their own ex- 
pense, a Protestant schoolmaster for the private instruction of 
their children. 

4. The funds, revenues, and the administration of religious 
and charitable institutions, shall remain untouched, and private 
individuals shall not be prevented from erecting new ones. 

5. The Government shall make the same provision as the 
present Government for the support of the Clergy, and Places of 
Worship. 

6. The Catholic church, now established at (Jeneva, shall be 
maintained, as at present, at the expense of the State, as the 
laws of the Constitution of Geneva have already deceed that 
a suitable establishment and provision shall be made for the 
officiating clergyman. 

7. The Catholic communes and the parish of Geneva shall 
continue to form part of the diocese which is to govern the pro- 
vinces of Chablais and Faucigny ; unless it should be otherwise 
regulated by the authority of the Holy See. 

72 



No. 10] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, &c. [29 March, 1815. 

8. The Binhop shall not, under any circumstanoes, be dis- 
tarbed m his pastoral visits. 

9. The inhabitants of a ceded ooontry shall be placed entirely 
upon the same footing in point of civil and political rights, with 
the Genevese of the city ; they shall exercise these rights con- 
jointly with them, excepting, however, the rights of property, of 
citizenship, or of conmiunes. 

10. Catholic children shall be received into the public school<i. 
They shall not be instructed in religion with the Protestants, but 
separately; and persons of the Catholic communion shall be 
appointed for this purpose. 

11. The communal property belonging to the new communes, 
shall be preserved to them, and they shall continue to administer 
them as hitherto, and to apply the revenues to their use. 

12. The new communes shall not be liable to greater taxes 
than the old communes. 

13. His Majesty the King of Sardinia reserves to himself the 
right of making known to the Helvetic Diet, and to support by 
means of his Diplomatic Agents accredited to it, every claim to 
which the non-fulfilment of the above Articles might give rise. 

Delivery of Title Deeds of Landed Property^ ^c. 

Art. IY. All title deeds of landed property, and documents 
concerning ceded effects, shall be given up by His Majesty the 
King of Sardinia, to the Canton of Oeneva, as soon as possible. 

Treaty of 3rd June^ 17.54, Confirmed; Article XIII annulled. 

Art. V. The Treaty concluded at Turin, on the 3rd of June, 
1754,* between His Majesty the King of Sardinia and the Republic 
of Geneva, is hereby confirmed, with regard to all those Articles 
which are not at variance with the present ti-ansaction ; but His 
Majesty, wishing to give the Canton of Geneva a particular mark 
of his favour, consents nevertheless to annul that part of 
Article XIII of the above Treaty, which denied to the citizens of 
Geneva, who since that time have had establishments and pro- 
perty in Savoy, the privilege of making it their principal resi- 
dence. 

Conveyance of Articles of Consumption for the Canton of Oeneva. 
Art. VI. His Majesty consents, from the same motives, to 
• See Appendix. 
73 



29 Kareb, 1815.] aBSAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. 

[Oenw*.] 



[No. 10 



mako arrangemonts with the Canton of Geneva, for facilitating 
the conveyance from his states of articles intended for the con- 
sumption of the Town and Canton. 
Vienna, 29th March, 1815. 



Sarddoa. (L.S.) 
Austria. 

EspAGNK (Spain). 
France. 



Great BKrrAiM. 

pobtuoal. 

Prussia. 
Russia. 

Sweden. 



De ST. MARSAN. 



(L.S. 
(L.S. 

(L.S. 

(L.S 
(L.S. 
(L.a 

(L.S. 
(L.S. 
(L.S. 

(L.S. 
(L.S, 
(L.S, 

(L.S. 
(L.S. 

(L.S. 
(L.S. 
(L.S.; 

(L.S.) 



Le PRINCE DB METTERNICH. 
Le BARON DE WESSENBEBG. 

P. GOMEZ LABRADOR. 

Le PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 

Le DUC DE D'ALBERG. 

Le CTE. ALEXIS DE NOAILLES. 

CLANCARTY. 

CATHCART. 

STEWART, LieQt.-Gcn6ral. 

Le CTR DE PALMELLA. 

A. DE SALDANHA DA GAMA. 

LOBO DA SILVEIRA. 

Le PRINCE DE HARDENBER6. 
Le BiVRON DE HUMBOLDT. 

Le CTE. DE RASOOMOPFSKY. 
Le CTK DE STACKELBERO. 
Le CTE. DE NESSELRODK 

Le CTE. DE LOWENHIELM. 



74 



Ho. 11] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTBU, Ac. [March, 1816. 

[Vftviffation of Biven.] 



No. U.— REGULATIONS for tlie Free Navigation of 
Rivers, Vienna^ March, 1815. 



[These Regulations formed Annex XVI to the Vienna Congress 
Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27, and were embodied m 
that Treaty as Articles CVIII to CXVI.] 

Articles concerning the Navigation of the Rivers which, in 
their navigable course, separate or cross different States. 

Abt. Table. 

1. General Arrangements. 

2. Principles. Liberty of Narigation. 

3. Uniformitj of Sjstem. Duties. Felice. 

4. Tariff. 

6. Offices for the Collection of Duties. 

6. Towing-paths. 

7. Harbour Duties. 

8. Custom Houses. 

9. Regulation. 

Articles concerning the Navigation of the Rhine. 

1. Free Kayigation. 

2. Duties. 
8. Tariff. 

4. Tariff not to be augmentod, except by Mutual Consent. 
|« Offices for collection of Duties. 
$. Collection and Dirision of Duties. 

7. Towing-paths, &o. 

8. Courts ofJustice. 

9. Appeals to Higher Tribunals. 
10.' Central Commission of Control. 

11. Formation of Central Commission of Control. 

12. Inspectors. 

18. Choioe of Chief Inspector. 

14. Appointment of Inspectors for Life. Pensions and Trial bj Court of 

Justice. 

15. Duties of Chief Inspector. 

16. Beports to be made by Inspectors. 

17. Decisions of Central Commissions. 

18. Salaiy of Inspectors. 

19. Suppression of Staple Duties. 

20. Police 

21. Companies or Boatmen not to ex\joy any exdusire Bights. 
2Z. Qv^»Um Hqti9m ^ot to interfere with NaTigation DT\tie9« 

75 



March, 1816J GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [Ho. 11 

[Nftviffation of BlTsn.] 

Art. Tablb (continued). 

23. Custom House Boats and Flags. 

24t. Duties on Nayigation not to bo fanned oat. 

25. Ko exemption or abatement of Duties admitted. 

26. Neutralitj in the event of War. 

27. Definitive Detailed Regulations to be framed. 

28. Payment of permanent Rents in Duties. 

29. Pensions of Officers and Relief to Widows and Orphans. Fajments bj 

France. 

30. Pensions to Receivers of Duties. 

31. Formation of Central Commission. 

32. Duties of Central Commission. 

Articles concerning the Navigation of the Neckerj the Mayne^ the 
MoselUy the Meuse^ and the Scheldt. 

1. Freedom of Navigation. 

2. Storehouse and Harbour Duties on the Necker and Mayne aboliilied. 
8. Duties on the Necker and Mayne, 

4. Duties on the Moselle and Mntse. New Regulations to be framed. 
6. Repair of Towing Paths. 

6. Rights of Navigation on the Bhine, and on the Necker^ Moielle^ and 

Meueef hj subjects of either State. 

7. Further Regulation of the Navigation of the Scheldt, 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 
General Arrangements. 

Art. I. The Powers whose States are separated or traversed 
by the same navigable River, engage to regulate, by oommcm 
consent, all that regards its Navigation. For this purpose they 
will name Commissioners, who shall assemble, at latest within 
six months after the termination of Congress, and who shaU 
adopt, as the bases of their proceedings, the following princi- 
plesf : — 

Principles, — Liberty of Navigation, 

Art. IL The Navigation of the Rivers, along their whole course, 
referred to in the preceding Article, from the point where each of 
them becomes navigable, to its mouth, shall be entirely free, and 
shall not, ui respect to Commerce, be prohibited to any one ; it 
being, however, understood, that the Regulations established 
with regard to the Police of this Navigation, shall be respected ; 
as they will be framed alike for all, and as favourable as possible 
to the Commerce of all Nations. 

* For French version, see " State Papers,** vol. ii, p. 162. 
t See Regulations of dlst March, 1831. 
76 



No. 11] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [March, 1815. 

[VftTiffation of Biven.] 

Uniformity of System, Duties, Police, 

Art. III. The system that shall be established, both for the 
collection of the Duties and for the maintenance of the Police, 
shall be, as nearly as possible, the same along the whole course 
of the River ; and shall also extend, unless particular circum- 
stances prevent it, to those of its Branches and Junctions, which, 
in their navigable course, separate or traverse different States. 

Tariff, 

Art. IV. The Duties on Navigation shall be regulated in an uni- 
form and settled manner, and with as little reference as possible 
to the different quality of the merchandise, in order that a minute 
examination of the cargo may be rendered unnecessary, except 
with a view to prevent fraud and evasion. The amount of the 
Duties, which shall in no case exceed those now paid, shall be 
determined by local circumstances, which scai-cely allow of a 
general rule in this respect. The Tariff shall, however, be pre- 
pared in such manner as to encourage Commerce by facilitating 
Navigation, for which purpose the Duties established upon the 
Rhine, and now in force on that River, may serve as an approxi- 
mating rule for its construction. 

The Tariff once settled, no increase shall take place therein, 
except by the conmion consent of the States bordering on the 
^vers; nor shtdl the Navigation be burthened with any other 
Duties than those fixed in the Regulation. 

Offices for ike Collection of Duties, 

Art. V. The oflSces for the collection of Duties, the number of 
which shall be reduced as much as possible, shall be settied in 
tiie above Regulation; and no change shall afterwards be made 
but by common consent, unless any of the States bordering on 
Rivers should wish to diminish the number of those which exclu- 
sively belong thereto. 

Towing-paths. 

Art. VI. Each State bordering on the Itivers shall be at the 
expense of keeping in good repair the Towing-paths which pass 
through its territory, and of maintaining the necessary works 
through the same extent in the bed of the River, in order that no 
obstacle may be experienced in the Navigation. 

The intended Regulation shall determine the manner in which 

77 



March, 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 11 

[NaTiffation of Bivers — ^Bhine.] 

the States bordering on Rivers are to participate in these latter 

works, where the opposite Banks belong to diffei^nt Crovem- 

ments. 

Harbour Duties, 

Art. VII There shall nowhere bo established Storehouse, 
Port or Forced Harbour Duties : those already existing shall be 
preserved for such time only as the States bordering on the Rivers 
(without regard to the local uiterest of the place or the country 
where they are established) shall find tlioni necessary or useful to 
Navigation and Commerce in general 

Cusiofn Ifouseif. 

Art. VIII. Tlie Custom Houses belonging to the estates border- 
ing on Rivers shall not interfere in the Duties of NavigatioD. 
Regulations shall be established to prevent officers of the Customs, 
in the exercise of their functions, throwing obstacles in the way 
of the Navigation; but care shall be taken, by means of a Rtrict 
Police, on the Bank, to preclude every attempt of the inhabitauts 
to smuggle goods, through the medium of boatmen. 

RegulcUion, 

Art. IX. Everythujg expressed in the preceding Aiiicles shall 
be settled by a general arrangement, in which there shall also 
be comprised whatever may need any ulterior determination. 

The arrangement once settled, shall not be changed, but by 
and with the consent of all the States boitlering on Rivers, and 
they shall take care to provide for its execution, with due regard 
to circumstances and locality. 

D'ALBERO. 
CLANCARTY. 
HUMBOLDT. 
^VESSENBERG. 

Navioation of the Rhine. 
AiiTiCLES concerning the Navigation of the Rhine. 
Free Navigation, 
Art. I. The Navigation of the Rhino, along its whole course, 
from the [>oint where it becomes navigable to the sea, either in 
ascending or descending, nhall lx» entirely free, and shall not, iu 
resiitH^'t to Commerce, be prohibited U) any one : due reganl, how- 
ever, l)eing had to the regulations established with respect to its 

78 



No. U] GBSAT BRITAIN, AUSTBU, fto. [Mareh, 1815. 

[VaTicatiim of BlT«ni — Bhine.] 

polioe, which shall be framed alike for all, and as favoorable as 
possible to the commerce of all nations. 

Duties, 

Abt. II. The system to be adopted for the Collecticm of the 
Duties, as well as for the maintenance of the Police, shall be the 
same along the whole course of the River, and shall extend, as 
far as circumstances may permit, to those of its Branches and 
Junctions which, in their navigable course, separate or traverse 
different States. 

Tariff. 

Art. III. The Tariff of Duties to be levied on merchandise con- 
veyed along the Rhine shall be so regulated that the whole 
amount of duty to be paid between Strasburg and the frontier of 
the Btagdom of the Netherlands, shall be, in passing up the River 
two francs, and in passing down the River one franc and ^Z 
centimes, per hundred- weight ; and that the levying of this Tariff 
shall be extended (increasing the amount of duty in the same 
proportion ) to the distances between Strasburg and Basle, and 
between the frontier of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the 
mouths of that River. 

The duty of reconnaissance shall remain as fixed by Article 
XCIV of the Convention, relative to Duties on the Navigation of 
the Rhine concluded at Paris the 15th of August, 1804 ;♦ with 
the reservation, however, of making such other alteration in the 
scale of duties, as that boats from 2,500 to 5,000 quintals, shall 
be included therein. But this duty shall also extend, in the same 
proportion, to the above-mentioned distances. 

The abatements of the general Tariff, which established the 
maximum of Duties fixed by Articles CII — CV of the Conven- 
tion of the 15th August 1804, shall remain in force ; but the 
Commission to be charged with settling the new Regulations 
shall consider whether their distribution into different classes will 
not require alterations still more favourable, as well to naviga- 
tion and commerce, as to agi-iculture and the wants of the 
inhabitants of the States of the Rhine. 

Tariff not to he augmented except hy Mutual Consent. 

Art. IV. The Tariff thus settled shall not be augmented but 
by mutual consent, and the Governments on the Rhine, adopting 
* See Appendit. 
79 



March, 1816.] gbeat beitain, austeia, &c. [No. U 

[Naviffation of BiTen^Bhixie.] 

for a principle, that their true interest consists in encouraging 
the Commerce of their States, and that the Duties on Navigation 
should chiefly be appropriated to defraying the expenses of its 
preservation, formally engage not to increase the same but for 
the most just and urgent reasons, nor to impose any other Duties 
whatever on navigation, in addition to those fixed by the present 
Regulations, under any denomination or pretext whatsoever. 

Offices Jor Collection of Duties. 

Art. V. There shall be only twelve OflSces for the collection 
of Duties, throughout the whole extent of the Rhine between 
Strasburg and the frontier of the Kingdom of the Netherlands ; 
and those which it may be expedient to establish between Stras- 
burg and Basle shall be fixed, according to the same principles, 
and at proportionate distances. The OfiSces shall be placed in 
the most convenient manner for navigation, and their number 
shall be settled by common consent. Each State bordering on 
the River shall, however, be allowed to diminish the number 
exclusively assigned to it by the existing arrangement. 

Collection and Division of Duties. 

Art. VI. The Duty shall be collected, in each State bordering 
on the River, on its own account and by its own Collectors ; the 
whole of the Duties being distributed in proportion to the extent 
of the respective possessions of the different States on the bank. 
The Collectors shall make oath to observe strictly, the Regulation 
definitively agreed upon. If the same OflSce is employed by two 
or more States, the proceeds shall be divided between them 
according to the extent of their respective possessions on the 
bank ; this rule shall apply also in case the opposite banks should 
belong to two different States. Eveiy thing relating to the esta- 
blishment of the Offices, to the mode of collecting, and of verifying 
the payment of the Duties, shall be settled in an uniform manner 
by the definitive Regulation, and shall not be changed but by 
common consent. 

Towing-pathSj ^c. 

AlRT. VIL Each State of the Rhine shall be at the expense of 
keeping the Towing-paths which pass through its territory in 
good repair, and of maintaining the necessary works through the 
same extent in the channel of the River, in order that no obstacle 
may be experienced to the navigation. 

80 



No. 11] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, Ac. [March, 1815. 

[IfftTiffation of Bivera — ^Bhine.] 

Courts of Justice. 

Art. VUI. A Jadicial Aath<mty shall be attached to each 
OflSce for the Collection of Duties, for the purpose of investigatiiig 
aad deterxnming, agreeably to the regulation, in the First Instance^ 
all disputes relating to the objects therein mentioned. These 
Judicial Authorities shall be maintained at the expense of that 
State of the Rhine in which they are situated, and shall pro- 
nounce sentence in the name of their Sovereigns ; but the indivi- 
duals who compose them, shall make oath stnctly to observe the 
regulaticm, and the Judges shall not be deprived of their situations 
unless by a regular and formal process, and by a judgment given 
against them. Their proceedings shall be determined in the regu- 
lation, and shall be uniform along the whole coui'se of the Rhine, 
and as summary as possible. 

Where an Office for the Collection of Duties shall belong to 
more than one State, individuals invested with the judicial func- 
tions shall be nominated by the Sovereign in whose territory the 
office in question is situated, and judgment shall bo given in His 
name ; but the expenses shall be defrayed by those States who 
divide the receipts of such office, and in proportion to the share 
which accrues to them. 

Appeals to Higher Tnhwials, 

Abt. IX. Parties wishing to appeal agamst the decisions of 
the Courts of Justice specified m the preceding Aiiide, shall have 
the option of applying for this purpose to the Central Commission 
hereafter mentioned, or to the Superior Tiibunal of the country 
in which the Court of First /iwtonce, before which they shall have 
pleaded, is situated. Each State of the River engages to establish 
a similar Tribunal of Second Instance^ or to refer the decision of 
causes of this nature to one of those already existing. These 
Tribunals shall likewise make oath to observe the Law concermng 
Navigation. Their organization and mode of proceeding shall form 
part of the regulation, and they shall not hold their meetings in 
a town situated too far from the bank of the Rhine. The regula- 
tion shall contain the particular arrangements for that purpose. 
Their sentences shall be final, and no further appeal shall be 

allowed. 

Central Commission of Control. 

Art. X. In order to establish a perfect control over the 
observance (A the general regulation, and to constitute an autho- 

81 o 



March, 1815.] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 11 

[Haviffation of Bivera — Bhine.] 

rity which may serve as a means of communication between the 
States of the Rhine upon all subjects relating to Navigation, a 
Central Commission shall be appointed. 

Formation of Central Commission of Control. 

Abt. XI. Each State bordering on the Rhine shall name a 
Commission for its formation : and it shall assemble regularly at 
Mayence on the 1st November in each year. They shall judge 
according to circumstances, and the business upon which they 
may have to decide, whether after this session, it will be neces- 
sary to hold another in the spring. 

The President, who without any other prerogative, shall be 
employed in the general management of the labours of the Com- 
mission, shall be chosen by ballot, and replaced every month, in 
case the session should be prolonged. Another member of the 
Commission, who shall be chosen by the members, shall keep the 
minutes of their proceedings. 

Injectors. 

Art. XII. In order that a permanent authority may exist, 
which, in the absence of the Central Commission may super- 
intend the observance of the regulation, and to which the mer- 
chants and boatmen may at all times refer, there shall be named 
a Chief Inspector and three Deputy Inspectors. 

The Chief Inspector shall also reside at Mayence ; the Deputy 
Inspectors shall be appointed for the Upper, Middle, and Lower 
Rhine. 

Choice of Chief Inspector, 

Art. XIII. The Chief Inspector shall be chosen by the Cen- 
tral Commission, by a majority of votes, but in the following 
manner : 

A certain number of votes shall be given; of which the 
Pnissian Commissioner shall have one- third ; the French Com- 
missioner one-sixth ; the Commissioner of the Netheriands one- 
sixth ; and that of the other German Princes, excepting Prussia, 
one-third. 

The distribution of the votes of these Princes shall Ik) regu- 
lated as soon as the whole bank of the Rhine shall have been 
finally disposed of ; but the distribution shall be made propor- 
tionately to the extent of their resixjctive possessions on the 
bank. The three Deputy Inspectoi-s shall be chosen; the 



No. 11] GRBAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [March, 1815. 

[ITftTiffation of Bivers— Bhine.] 

first by Prussia, the second, alternately by France and the 
Netherlands, and the third by the other German Princes, joint 
possessors of the bank, who shall agree npon the mode of 
making this appointment. 

Appointment of Inspectors for Life. Pensions and Trial by Court 

of Justice. 

Art. XrV. The Appointments, as well of the Chief Inspector 
as of the Deputy Inspectors, shall be for life. 

If the Commission should deem it expedient to remove one of 
its oflScers, from being dissatisfied with his services, it shall bo 
put to the vote whether he shall be merely replaced by another, 
or brought to trial. In the former case, which likewise applies 
to retirement in consequence of infirmity, the individual ohall 
retire upon a pension, amounting to half his salary, should ho 
not have served ten years ; and two-thirds of it if he has served 
ten years or upwards. This pension shall be paid in the same 
manner as the salary. 

In the second case, the Commission shall determine, in the 
manner prescribed by Article XVII, by which Courts of the First 
and Second Instance he shall be tried. 

The individual shall be entitled to the pension if he is fully 
acquitted ; and on the other hand, he shall be proceeded against 
according to the sentence which shall have been passed upon 
him. Whenever the Commission shall vote upon the question of 
removing any of the Inspectors, the votes shall be given in the 
manner determined upon in Article XIII ; but the individual 
cannot be deprived of his situation, unless two-thirds of the 
number of votes determined upon, shall be against him. 

Duties of Chief Inspector. 

Art. XV. The Duties of the Chief Inspector, assisted by the 
Deputy Inspectors, arc to superintend the fulfilment of the regu- 
lation, and to arrange everything relating to the police of the 
navigation. It will therefore be his right and his duty t^» i.**sn<? 
orders on this subject to the Offices for collectiTiii; duties, and to 
communicate with the other local authorities of the States bor- 
dering on the Rhine. Persons employed in the offices, and the 
local authorities, shall obey and assist him in everything con- 
cerning the obsen^ance of the regulation, and shall not oppose 
the execution of his orders, unless he shall exceed the limits of 

83 Q 2 



Mftrch, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, Sue. [No. 11 

[NftTiffation of Bivers — Bhine.] 

his authorit3\ lu this case, they shall immediately make it 
known to their superiors. 

The Chief Inspector shall likewise collect every information 
which may be necessary for the Central Conmiission regarding 
the state and defects of the navigation, and shall submit to them 
such measures as he may consider advisable to be adopted. On 
pressing occasions, he shall be at liberty, and it will be his duty, 
to hold a correspondence with its members, even when they are 
not sittmg. 

Reports to be made by Inspectors* 

Art. XVI. The Central Conrnxission shall direct the Inspectors 
to report to them an account of their proceedings ; they shall 
assist them in then* duties, and superintend the manner in which 
they arc performed ; they shall at the same time attend to all 
matters that may contribute to the general interests of naviga- 
tion and commerce, and shall publish, at the close of every year, 
a detailed report of the state of the navigation of the Rhine, 
its annual movement, its progress, the changes which may take 
place, and of everything relating to domestic and foreign com- 
merce. 

Decisions of Central Commission, 

Art. XVII. The Decisions of the Central Commission shall be 
had by an absolute majority of votes, which shall be given iu 
perfect equality: but as its members should be considered as 
agents of the States of the Khine, charged with making arrange- 
ments for their mutual interests, their decisions shall not be 
binding upon these States until their consent shall have been 
given by their Commissioners. 

Salary of Inspectors, 

Art. XVIII, The Salary of the Chief Inspector and of the 
Deputy Inspectors, but not that of the Commissioners, who may 
be merely temporary agents, shall be fixed by the regulation. 
It shall be at the joint expense of all the States bordering on 
the Rhine, who shall contribute in proportion to the part which 
they take in then: nomination. The regulation shall contain 
everything relating to the future establishment of the Central 
Commission, and of its permanent administration, and shall de- 
termine, in a precise and detailed manner, all its functions and 
privileges. 

84 



No. 11] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [MftTCh, 1816. 

[VftTlffation of BiTers— Bliine.] 

Suppression of Staple Duties, 

Art. XIX. The Staple Duties having been suppressed by 
Article VIII of the Convention of the 15th August, 1804,» that 
suppression is hereby extended to the duties which the towns of 
Mayence and Cologne levied, under the denomination of Harbour 
and Port Duties, and on breaking bulk ( Umschlag), so that indi- 
viduals shall be at liberty to navigate along the whole course of 
the Rhine, from the point where it becomes navigable to where it 
falls into the sea, either in passing up or down the river, without 
being compelled to break bulk, or to remove the cargoes into 
another vessel, in any port, town, or place whatever. 

Police, 

Art. XX. A superintending Police shall, however, be ap- 
pointed for the prevention of f i*aud, where vessels are laden or 
unladen, as well as where cargoes are shifted ; and the crane, 
quay, and storehouse duties in places where such accommodations 
exist, or where they may hereafter be erected, shall be ^xed by 
the regulation, in an uniform manner, and they shall not after- 
wards be augmented but by common consent. 

Companies or Boatmen not to enjoy any Exclusive Rights, 

Art. XXI. No Company, much less any qualified Boatman (in 
places where there are no Companies), shall in any of the States 
of the Rhine exercise any exclusive right of navigation on this 
river, or on any part of it. The subjects of any one of these 
States may continue to be members of a Company in any other of 
the States. 

Custom-hottses not to inter/ere with Navigation Duties, 

Art. XXII. The Custom-houses of the States of the Rhine 
being unconnected with the Duties on Navigation, shall not inter- 
fere with the collection of the latter. The definitive regulation 
shall contain the necessary arrangements to prevent the superin- 
tending Officers of the Customs from throwing obstacles in the 
way of the navigation. 

Custom-house Boats and Flags, 

.Art. XXIII. The Custom-house Boats and small craft shall 

bear the Flag of the State to which they belong, but in order to 

* See Appendix, 

85 



March, 1816.] great Britain, austru, &c. [No. 11 

[Nftviffaiion of Bivera— Bhine.] 

denote their belonging to the Customs, the word ^^Bhenus " shall 
be inscribed upon it. 

Duties on Navigation not to be farmed out. 

Art. XXIV. The Duties on the navigation of the Rhine shall 
never be fanned out, either wholly or partially. 

No Exemption or Abatement of Duties admitted. 
Art. XXV. No demand of exemption or abatement of Duties 
shall bo admitted, either by the Overseers of the Customs or even 
by the Central Commission, whatever may be the nature, origin, 
or destination of the boats, effects, or merchandise, and to what' 
ever individuals, bodies, towns, or States either of them may be- 
long, or for whatever service, or on whose account soever the 
same may be shipped. 

Neutrality in the event of War, 

Aet. XXVI. If it should happen (which God forbid) that War 
should break out among any of the States of the Rhine, the col- 
lection of the Customs shall continue uninterrupted, without any 
obstacle being thrown in the way by either party. 

Tiie Vessels and persons employed by the Custom-houses shall 
enjoy all the rights of Neutrality. A guard shall be placed over 
the offices and chests belonging to the Customs. 

Definitive Detailed Regulations to be framed. 
Art. XXVII. The existing Commission, having been obliged 
to confine itself to the establishing of the most general principles, 
without entering into the details necessary to be regulated, all 
particular arrangements, and especially those relating to the Tariff 
of Dutiep, to that adopted for merchandise in general, and also to 
that for goods which, being of a general description, pay smaller 
duties ; the situation of the Offices for the Collection of Duties, 
their internal management, and mode of collection ; the organiza- 
tion of judicial authorities of the First and Second Instance^ and 
their mode of proceeding ; the preservation of the Towing-paths 
and the works in the bed of the River ; the Manifests ; the Gaug- 
ing, and designation of Boats and Floats of wood ; the weights, 
measures, and coins to be used, and their proportions and valua- 
tion ; the Police of the ports for shipping, unloading, or shifting 
cargoes ; the Companies of watermen, the requisite qualifications 

86 



No. 11] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTBIA, &c. [March, 1816. 

[VftviffaUon of Blvers — BJiine.] 

for watermen ; the greater and lesser navigation, if such a distinc- 
tion, which no longer exists in the sense given to it by the Con- 
vention of 1804, should be maintained under other circumstances 
and for other reasons ; the scale of charges for Freight ; Contra- 
ventions; the separation of OHIces for the Navigation, of tho 
Custom-houses, &c., &c., shall be determined in the DeGnitive 
Kegulations, which shall be framed in the manner hereafter 
mentioned. 

Pay^nent of PemuiJient Bents on Duties. 
Am. XXVIII. The regulations of Aiiicles IX, XIV, XVII, 
XIX, and XX of the Principal Be^ee of the Extraordinary Depu- 
tation of the Empire of the 25th of February, 1803*, concemuig the 
Permanent Rents, directly assigned upon the produce of the duties 
on the navigation of the Rhine, shall be continued. For this pur- 
pose — 

1. The German Governments, joint possessors of the banks of 
the Rhine, charge themselves with the payment of the above 
Rents, reserving, however, to themselves the power of purchasing 
such Rents, according to Article XXX of the Beces, either at 2^ 
per cent., or by any other arrangement upon which the parties 
concerned may niutually agree. 

2. Cases are excepted from the general principle, concerning 
the Payment of the Rents mentioned in the preceding paragraph, 
where there shall exist peculiar and legal objections against the 
claiming of such Rents. These cases shall be considei^ and de- 
termined upon, as mentioned in the following paragraph : 

3. The adoption of the principle mentioned in the first para- 
graph, relative to the various claims, and the decisions concerning 
exceptions referred to in the second paragraph, shall be entrusted 
to a Commission, composed of five persons, whom the Court of 
Vienna, at the desire of the German Governments, joint possessors 
of the bank of the River, shall nominate, by choosing, as far as 
may be practicable, individuals who have been members of the 
Aulic Council of the Empire, and are still here. 

This Commission shall settle this matter in the most just and 
equitable manner, and the Governments from whom such Rents are 
due promise to abide by such decision without any appeal or objec- 
tion whatever. 

4. The above-mentioned Commission shall inquire into the 
right of demanding arrears of Rents, and shall decide on the 

• See Appendix. 
87 



March, 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 11 

[Kaylffatlon of Siver»— Bhlne.] 

principle whether the possessors of the bank of the Rhine are 
liable to pay these aiTears, or whether the application of this 
principle, if admitted by the Commission, applies to the various 
claims of arrears in particular. Its labours shall terminate in 
three months from the day of its assembling. 

5. If the Commission shall decide that the arrears should be 
paid, and shall fix the instalments, the Central Commission shall 
regulate the mode of payment, in such manner that the debiting 
Gosi'ernments shall have the option either of discharging the same 
in 10 successive years, at the rate of one-tenth each year, or of 
transferring them, analogous to the dOth of the Reces^ at 2^ per 
cent., into Rents, in addition to those which the Governments to 
whom they belong actually possess. 

The Central Commission shall likewise decide whether, and in 
what proportion, France ought to contribute to the payment of 
these aiTears. 

6. All Payments decided on by the present Article are to be 
made half-yearly. 

The Central Commission shall fix the manner in which these 
Payments shall be made, favouring, as much as possible, those 
to whom the said Rents belong, and the debiting Governments 
shall contribute to them in proportion to their share of the 
duties. This proportion shall be definitively arranged by the 
Central Commission at its first mectmg, on the average of the 
amount of a year's receipts of the different offices of collection 
which have existed during the first six years from the time of 
the Convention of 1804* having been in force. 

Pensions of Officers and Relief to Widows and Orphans. 
Art. XXIX. The regulations comprehended in the Articles 
LXXIII— LXXVIII of the Convention of the 15th August, 
1804,* concerning a fund to be appropriated to the payment of 
Pensions on retirement, and to the relief of Widows and Children 
of Government officers, the number of vacancies, and the right of 
superannuation, as well as the amouut of the Pensions, and the 
relief to be g^nted to Widows and Orphans, bemg intimately 
connected with the general receipt of duties, shall immediately 
cease, and the business of granting Pensions on the returement of 
officers of the Customs, and relief to their Widows and Orphans, is 
left to the discretion of each particular State bordering on the 
Hiver. 

• See Appendix. 
88 



No. 11] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [March, 1815 

[KaTlffation of SiTers— Blilne.] 

Pensions, Payments by France, 

The Central Commission shall nevertheless be employed im- 
mediately on its opening in arranging with France the restitution 
of the Fund, formed in virtue of Article LXXIII of the Conven- 
tion, for the drawback of 4 per cent, upon salaries, which has 
been paid into the sinking fund ; and the French Government 
engages to make the restitution as soon as the amount of this 
Fund shall have been liquidated by the Central Commission. 

This restitution being made, the Commission shall consider 
what Pensions and relief are still to be paid out of this Fund, and 
shall assign them according to the principles established by the 
Convention of 1804.* 

Individuals who have been employed in the tax-office, and to 
whom, in consequence of the new arrangements, proper situa- 
tions cannot be given, or who shall allege such reasons for not 
accepting such situations as the Central Commission shall deem 
sufficient, shall have Pensions and Allowances granted to them 
conformably to the principles established by Article LIX of the 
ESces of the Empire of 1808.* 

Pensions to Receivers of Duties, 

Abt. XXX. The Pensions granted to the receivers of duties, 
discontinued by Article XXXIX of the Eeces of 1808,* shall be 
paid by the German Governments, joint possessors of the bank 
of the River. Those which have been legally granted since the 
period at which the duties on navigation have been in force, shall 
also be paid ; but the Central Commission shall investigate and 
determine in what proportion the Govenmients, joint proprietors 
of the bank (the kingdom of the Netherlands, however, excepted), 
shall contribute to these Payments. 

It shall discharge the amoimt of all these Pensions, and finally 
settle the scale by which such Payments shall be regulated. 

The payment of these Pensions, as well as of those mentioned 
in Article XXIX, shall be regulated in the manner fixed by the 
6th paragraph of Article XXVIII, for the payment of Rents. 

Formation of Central Commission, 
Abt. XXXI. As soon as the general principles for the naviga- 
tion of the Rhine shall have been laid down by the Congress 
the States of the Rhine shall appoint persons for the formation 
of the Central Commission ; and this Conmiission shall assemble 
* See Appendix. 
89 



March, 18160 GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 11 

[Naylffation of Bivera — Bhlne.] 

at latest on the Ist of June this year, at Mayence. At the same 
time the pi-e^ent Provincial Administration shall deUver up the 
direction with which they have been charged, to the Central 
Commission, and to the authorities of th.e States of the Rhuic ; 
the partial collection of the duties shall bo substituted for the 
general collection, and they shall pubhsh, in the name of all the 
States of the Rhine, a temporary instruction, by w^hich it shall bo 
ordered, that until the completion and final approval of the new 
regulation, the Convention of the 15th August, 1804, shall be 
observed ; it being distinctly pointed out, which of its Artides 
are already annulled by the present arrangements, and what 
other arrangements ought immediately to be adopted in lieu of 
them. 

Duties of Central Commission. 

Akt. XXXII. As soon as the Ceuti*al Commission shall have 
assembled it shall occupy itself : 

1. In drawing up the Regulations for the navigation of the 
Rhine. It is sufficient to observe hero, that the present Articles 
shall serve as a guide to them, and that the points which the 
regulations are to embrace, are mentioned as well m the present 
instrument, as in the Convention of the 15th August, 1804, and 
that care must be taken to retain whatever is good and useful in 
that Convention. 

When the regulations are completed, they shall be submitted 
to the Governments of the Rhine for their approbation, and until 
such approbation shall have been given, the new order of things 
shall not commence, nor shall the Central Commission enter upon 
its regular duties.* 

2. In acting for the present Central Administration, where it 
shall be necessary, until the publication of the new Regulations. 

D'ALBERG. 
CLANCARTY. 
WREDE. 
TURCKIIEIM. 
BERCKHEIM. 
DE MARSCIULL. 
SPAEN. 
HUMBOLDT. 
WESSENBERG. 
• See Convention of Slst March, 1881. 

90 



Ho. U] GRBAT BBITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [March, 1816. 

[Naviffation of Biven — Neoker, Ac] 

Articles concerning the Navigation of the Necker, the Mayne^ 
the Moselle^ the Aleuse, and the Scheldt.^ 

Freedom of Navigation. 
Art. I. The same Freedom of Navigation that has been granted 
for the Rhine, shall be extended to the Necker, the Mayne, the 
Moselle, the Meuse, and the Scheldt, from the point where each 
of them becomes navigable, to their mouths. 

Storehouse and Harbour Duties on the Necker and Mayne abolished. 
Art. II. Storehouse and forced Harbour Duties, on the Xecker 
and the Mayne, are and shall continue abolished, and all qualified 
watermen shall be allowed to navigate along the whole extent of 
these Rivers, in the same manner that such liberty has been re- 
stored by Article XIX, on the Rhine. 

Duties on the Necker and Mayne. 
Art. III. The Tolls levied on the Necker and the Mayne shall 
not be increased ; on the contrary, the Governments, joint pos- 
sessors of the bank, engage to reduce them, in case they should 
exceed the Tariffs in use in 1802, to the rates of those Tariffs. 
They likewise engage not to burthen navigation by any new 
imposts whatever, and will meet, as soon as possible, to arrange 
a Tariff as similar to the duties levied on the Rhine, as circum- 
stances may permit. 

Duties on the Moselle and Meuse. 
Art. IV. The Duties now levied on the Moselle and the Meuse, 
in pursuance of the decree of the French Government of the 12th 
November, 1806, and of the 10th Brumairo of the year 14, 
shall not be increased ; on the contrary, the Governments, joint 
possessors of the bank, engage to reduce them, in case they are 
higher than those levied on the Rhine, to the same rate. 

Neiu Regulations to be framed. 
This engagement not to increase the present Tariffs, refers, 
however, only to the amount and maximum of duties ; the Govern- 
ments expressly reserving to themselves the power of fixing, by 
new Regulations, everyttiing relative to the division into different 
classes of such merchandise as is subject to a lower Tariff ; to 
the difference now estabUshed for passing up and down the River 
at the Custom-houses ; to the mode of collection ; to the police of 

* The Scheldt Toll was redeemed by the Treaty between Ghreat Britain^ 
&c., and Belgium, of 16th July, 1868. 

91 



March, 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 11 

[Naylffation of Bivers— Necker, Ac] 

the navigation ; or to any other subject requiring ulterior deter- 
mination. 

This Regulation shall be made to correspond, as nearly as 
possible, with that of the Rhine ; and the better to insure such 
imiformity, it shall be drawn up by those Members of the Central 
Commission of the Rhine, whose Governments shall also have 
possessions on the banks of the Moselle and the Meuse. 

No increase shall take place in the Tariff to be finaUy settled 

by the new Regulation unless a similar increase shall be considered 

necessary on the Rhine, and that only in the same proportion ; 

and no other part of the regulation shall be altered but by common 

consent 

Repair of Towing-paths, 

Art. V. The States of the Rivers specified in Article I, engage 
to keep the Towing-paths in repair, as well as the necessary 
works in the beds of the Rivers, in the same maimer as agreed 
upon in Article VII for the Rhine. 

Rights of Navigation on the Rhine and on the Necher^ Moselle^ and 
Meuse, by Subjects of either State. 
Art. VI. The subjects of the States of the Rivers Necker, the 
Mayne, and the Moselle, shall enjoy the same Rights of Naviga- 
tion on the Rhine, and Prussian subjects on the Meuse, as the 
subjects of the States of the last two Rivers ; paying due regard, 
however, to the regulations therein established. 

Future Regulation of the Navigation of the Scheldt. 
Art. VII. Everything relating to the Navigation of theScheldt, 
which may need ulterior arrangement, besides the freedom of 
Navigation on this River, specified in Article I, shall be definitively 
regulated in a manner the most favourable to Commerce and Navi- 
gation, and the most analogous to the regulations established on 
the Rhine. 

D'ALBERG. 
COUNT KELLER. 
CLANCARTY. 
WREDE. 
TURCKHEIM. 
DANZ. 

BERCKHEIM. 
DE MARSCHALL. 
SPAEN 

TIIE BARON LINDEN, subject to the ap- 
probation of His Majesty the Kine. 
WESSENBERG. 
92 



No. 11] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. March, 1816. 

[Navlffatlon of Sivers, fto.] 

For Treaties, &c., relative to Free Navigation of other Rivers, 
see: — 

Treaty between Great Britain, Prossia, &c., respecting the Navi- 
gation of the Elbe, of 23rd June, 1821. 

[The Elbe Duties were abolished by a Treaty between Austria and 
Germany, of 22nd June, 1870.] 



Convention between the 5 Powers and Turkey, relative to the 
Passage of the Dardanelles and Bosphorus, of 13th July, 
1841 ; and Treaty of Slst March, 1871. 



Convention between the Elbe bordering States, respecting the 
Stade or Brunshausen Toll, of 13th April, ISU. 



Treaty between Austria, Modena, and Bavaiia, respecting the 
Navigation of the Po, of 3rd July, 1849. 



Treaty between the European Powers, respecting the Navigation 
of the Danube^ of 30th March, 1856. 



Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and the United Principali- 

16th 



ties, respecting the Navigation of the Pruth, of j^ December, 



1866; and Regulations of April, 1870. 



Treaties between Great Britain, &c, and Denmark, for the re- 
demption of the Sound Dues, of 14th March, 1857. 



Ti-eaty between the European Powers, respecting the Navigation 
of the Black Sea and Danube, of 13th March, 1871. 



See also Index to Subjects {Rivers, &c.) in Hertslet's Treaties, 
vol. xii, p. 130. 



98 



3 May, 1815] AUSTRIA AND RUSSIA. [Ho. 12 

[Poland.] 

No. 12. — TREATY between Austria and Russia, relative to 
Poland.* Signed at Vienna, j^^y 1815. 

[This Treaty formed Annex I to the Vienna Congress Treaty 
of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Aht. Table. 

PreaDible. Consolidation of the Welfare of the Poles. 

1. Restitution by Sussia to Austria of Districts separated from ISaaierm 

Oalicia, 

2. WieUczJca and it« Salt Mines to be possessed by Austria, 

3. Frontier between Oalicia and Russia, 

4. Cracow declared to be a Free Town under the protection of Austria, 

Prussia^ and Russia, 

5. Part of Duchy of Warsaw to be united to Russia. Title of King of 

Poland to be borne by the Crar. Poles to receive RepresentatiTe and 
National Institutions, 
n. Emigration. Inhabitants and Landowners free to kare the Coantfy and 
sell their Property. 

7. Poland, General Amnesty. 

8. Poland, Sequestrations to bo removed. Prosecutions to be Annulled. 

9. Poland. Exceptions to preceding Article. 

10. Condition of Mixed Subjects as to Property. 

11. Declaration as to intention of Domicile of Mixed Subjects. 

12. Declaration to bo made by Guardians of Minors. 

13. Neglect to malce Declaration. 

14. Term within wliich New Dedaratioii can bo made. 

15. Sale or Transfer of Property of Mixed Subjects. 

16. Limitation to Sale or Transfer of Property. 

17. Acquisition of Property by Inheritance, &c. 

18. Declaration to be made by Persons acquiring Property by Inheritance, &c. 

19. Freedom of Mixed Subjects to pass from one to the other State. 

20. Privileges of Proprietors of Estates divided by the Frontier. 

21. Privileges of Shepherds and Drovers. 

22. Legal Jurisdiction. 

23. Sovereignty over Mills, &c., on Frontier Riverg. 

24. Freedom and Xapitjation of Riven and Canals. 
25'. Duties on Navigation. 

26. Commissioners to rejjulnte Duties on Navigation. 

27. Duration of Commission. 

28. Liberty of Transit between Brod^ and Odessa. 
20. Commisisioners to regulate Tariffs. 

30. Paymoiit by Russia to Austria on account of Ancient Polish Debt 

* By a Russian Manifesto of ^th February, 1832, the Kingdom of 
Poland was deelared to be perpetually united to the Russian Empire, and 
to form an integral part thereof. The British Government protested against 
this Manifesto on the 8rd July, 1832, as being an infraction of the Vienna 
Congress Treaty. 

94 



No. 12] AUSTRIA AND RUSSIA. [3 May, 1816. 

[Poland.] 

Akt. Table. 

31. Renunciation by Austria of all other Loans and Debts. 

32. Mode of Payment on aocount of Ancient Polish Debt. 

33. Austria to provide for one-ninth part of New Debts of Duchy of WarsoiP, 
Si. Appointment of Commission to regulate the Balances due by Foreign 

States to the Accounts of respective claims of Contracting Parties, and 
the claims of subjects against their Governments. 

35. Appointment of Committee for the Restitution of all Securities. 

36. Restitution of Documents, Plans, Maps, or Deeds. Certified Copies of all 

Documents of Common Interest. 

37. Delivery of Acts of Gbvemraent, Mortgage, Books, and Deeds. 
88. Appointment of Commission to construct Map of New Frontier. 

39. Continuation of Contract for Salt. 

40. DeUvery of Provinces to Atutria. 

41. Ratifications. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 
Preamble, Consolidation of the Welfare of the Poles. 
In the name of the Most Holy and Undivided Tnnity. 

His Majesty the Emperor of All the Rnssias, His Majesty the 
Empei-or of Austria, and His Majesty the King of Prussia, being 
equally desirous of coming to an amicable understanding upon 
the measures most proper to adopt for consolidating the welfare of 
the Polish people, in the new relations in which they are placed 
by the changes effected in the fate of the Duchy of Warsaw ; and 
wishing at the same time to extend the effects of this benevolent 
disposition to the Provinces and Districts which composed the 
ancient kingdom of Poland, by means of such liberal arrange- 
ments as circumstances have permitted, and by placing the 
intercourse of the uihabitants, in respect to commerce, upon the 
most advantageous footing ; have agreed to conclude two separate 
Ti-eaties, one between Russia and Austria, and the other between 
the former Power and Prussia, in order to comprise therein, the 
general engagements common to the three Powers, as well as 
the stipulations which concern them individually. Their Impe- 
rial Majesties have for this purpose named, for their separate 
Treaty, the following Plenipotentiaries: 

His Majesty the Emi)eror of All the Russias, the Sieur Andrew, 
Count de Rasoumoffsky, his principal Plenipotentiary at the 
Congress. 

And His Majesty the Emix>ror of Austria, the Sieur Clemen t- 

Venceslas-Lothairc, Prince de Metteniich-Winnebourg-Ochsen- 

hausen, intimate and actual Councillor of His Majesty the £m- 

* For French version, see State Papers, vol, ii, p. 66. 

95 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTRIA AND RUSSIA. [No. 12 

[Poland.] 

peror of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, his Minister 
of State, of Conferences, and of Foreign Affairs, and his Pleni- 
potentiary at the Congress ; who, after having exchanged their 
Full Powers, found in due and proper form, have agreed upon, 
concluded, and signed the following Articles : 

Bestitutlon hy Russia to Austria of Districts separated from Eastern 

Crolicia, 
Abt. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No, 27) as 
Art. V.) 

Wieliczka Salt Mines and Territory to he possessed hy Austria. 
Art. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art III.) 

Frontier between Galiciu and Russia. 

Art. hi. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty as (No. 27) 
Art IV.) 

Cracow declared to be a FreCy Neutral^ and Independent Town under 
the protection of Austria^ Prussia^ and Russia. 

Art. IV. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art VI.) 

Part ofBuchy of Warsaw to be united to Russia. Title of King of 

Poland to be borne by the Czar. Poles to receive Representative 

and National Institutions. 

Art. V. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. I.) 

Emigration. Inhabitants and Landowners free to Leave the Country 
and Sell their Property. 

Art. VI. If the Inhabitants and Landowners of the Countries 
separated in virtue of the present Treaty, should wish to settle 
under another Government, they shall be allowed six years to 
dispose of their Property, moveable or immoveable, of whatever 
nature it may be, to sell it, to quit the country, and to export the 
produce thereof in specie, or in any other description of money, 
without any impediment or drawback whatever. 
Poland. General Amnesty, 

Art. VII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art. XL) 
Poland. Sequestrations to be removed. Prosecutions to be Annulled, 

Art. VIIL (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 

as Art. XIL) 

96 



No. 12] AUSTRIA AND EUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Poland.] 

Poland. Exceptions to preceding Article respecting Confiscation, 
Art. IX. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art. XIII.) 

Condition of Mixed Subjects as to Property, 
Abt. X. The condition of a subject of (jrovernments, as far 
as property is concerned, shall be acknowledged and maintained. 

Declaration as to Intention of Domicile of Mixed Subjects, 
Art. XL Every individual who possesses property under more 
than one Oovemment shall be obliged, in the course of a year, 
dating from the day of the ratification of the present Treaty, to 
make the declaration of his settled abode, in writing, before the 
magistrate of the nearest city or town, or before the commandei 
of the nearest district, or before the nearest civil authority in the 
country that he may have chosen for his residence. This decla- 
ration, which the above magistrate or other authority is to trans- 
mit to the superior authority of the province, renders him, as to 
his person and family, exclusively the subject of the Sovereign 
in whose State he has fixed his abode. 

Declaration to he made hy Guardians of Minors. 

Art. XII. With respect to minors, or other persons who are 
imder the care of guardians, such guardians shall be obliged to 
make the necessary declaration at the appomted time. 

Neglect to make Declaration. 
Art. XIII. If any individual, possessing property under both 
Governments, shall have neglected, at the end of the prescribed 
term of a year, to make the declaration of his final abode, he 
shall be considered as a subject of the Power in whose States he 
last resided ; his silence in this case being considered as a tacit 
declaration to that effect. 

Teinn within which New Declaration can be made. 

Art. XIV. Any individual, possessing property under both 
Governments, who shall have once made a declaration of his 
place of abode, shall be allowed, for the period of eight years, 
dating from the day of the ratification of the present Treaty, to 
settle under another Government, by makmg a new declaration, 
and by producing the permission of the Power under whose 
Government he wishes to reside. 

97 n 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTBIA AND BUSSIA. [No. 12 

[Poland.] 

Sale or Tramfer of Property of Mixed Subjects. 
Art. XV. Any individual, possessing property under both 
Governments, who has made a declaration of his place of abode, 
or who is considered as having made it, conformably to the stipu- 
lations of Article XIII, is not obliged, at any period whatever, to 
dispose of the possessions he may have in the dominions of a 
Sovereign of whom he is not a subject. He shall enjoy, with 
respect to this property, all the rights attached to its possession. 
He shall be free to expend the revenues of these possessions in 
the comitry where he shall have chosen his abode, without sus- 
tauiiiig any deduction whatever at the time of their removal. He 
may sell these possessions, and take the value thereof, without 
being subject to any drawback. 

Limitation to Sale or Transfer of Property, 
Art. XVI. The privileges specified in the preceding Article, 
of removing proj^erty without diminution, shall extend only to 
the effects of which such individuals may be possessed at the 
time of the ratification of the present Treaty. 

Acquisition of Property by Inheritance^ j-c. 

Art. XVII. The same privileges are, however, attached to 
every acquisition made under either Government, by reason of 
inheritance^ marriage, or gift of property, which, at the date of 
the ratification of the pi-esent Treaty, belonged lastly to a pro- 
prietor under both Govermnents. 

Declaration to be made by Persons acquiring Property by Inheritance, 

4'c. 
Art. XVIII. Should any individual having property under 
one of the two Governments only, whether by inheritance, legacy, 
gift, or marriage, become possessed of property under the other 
Government, ho shall be considered as a proprietor under both 
Governments, and, as such, obliged to make, within the prescribed 
time, the declaration of his fixed abode. This term of a year 
shall date from the day on which he shall have produced the 
legal proof of his acquisition. 

Freedom of Mixed Subjects to pass from one to the other State. 

Art. XIX. An individual possessing property under both 
Governments, or his agent, shall be allowed at all times to pass 
from one of his possessions to the other ; for which purpose it is 

98 



No. 12] AUSTBIA AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[POlAlld.] 

the pleasure of the two Courts that the Governor of the nearest 
province shall give the necessary passports, on the application of 
the parties. These passports shall be deemed a sufficient protec- 
tion, from one Grovemment to the other, and shall be equally 
respected on both sides. 

Privileges of Proprietors of Estates divided by the Frontier, 

Art. XX. Proprietors having estates divided by the frontier 
shall be treated, in respect to those possessions, according to the 
most liberal principles. 

Individuals whose property is thus circumstanced, their ser- 
vants and tenants, shall have the privilege of passing and re- 
passing from one part of the possession so divided by the frontier, 
to the other, with their implements of husbandry, their cattle, 
tools, &c., the difference of sovereignty being no impediment 
thereto. They may also remove, from one place to the other, 
their crops, all articles of growth, their cattle, and every article 
of manufacture, without passports, molestation, rent, or impost 
whatever. This privilege is, however, limited to articles the 
produce of the soil, or of industry, in the-ten-itory thus divided 
by the line of demarcation. It likewise extends to such lands 
only as belong to the same person, in the fixed distance of one 
mile (fifteen to the degree) on both sides, and which may have 
been divided by the line of frontier. 

Privileges of Shejyherds and Drovers. 

Art. XXI. The shepherds and drovers, subjects of bofh 
Powers, shall continue to enjoy the rights, immmiities, and privi- 
leges which have hitherto been granted to them ; and no obstacle 
shall prevent the daily intercoui-se on the frontiers between the 
neighbouring people. ( Granz- Verkehr.) 

Legal Jurisdiction, 

Art. XXII. The Domiciliary Court shall also decide the Dif- 
ferences between individuals which are brought forward by the 
Governor of these territories. But the Court of the territory, in 
which the property in litigation is situated, shall cause the sen- 
tence to be put into execution. This arrangement shall be in 
force for the term of ten years, at the end of which the two 
High Courts reserve to themselves the right of making any other 
regulation that may be necessary. 

99 H 2 



3 Hay, 1815.] AUSTBIA and bussia. [No. 12 

[Folaxkd.] 

Sovereignty over MillSj ^c, on Frontier Bivers. 

Art. XXIII. The sovereignty of the Mills, Mannfactories, or 
Foundries established in the course of a River forming the frontier, 
shall be exercised by the Sovereign in whose territory the village 
or place is situated, to which these establishments belong. 

Should they constitute private property, the Commission 
charged with the demarcation of the land frontiers, shall deter- 
nune, according to the principles of equity and their local situation, 
what shall be proper with respect to the sovereignty. 

It is understood that new establishments of this description 
shall not be formed without the consent of the Governments of 
the respective States, bordering on the river. 

Freedom and Navigation of Rivera and Canals. 

Art. XXIV. ♦ The Navigation of all the Kivers and Canals 
throughout the whole extent of the ancient kingdom of Poland 
(as it existed before the year 1772) to their mouths, as well in 
ascending as in descending, shall be free, so as not to be inter- 
dicted to any inhabitant of the Polish provinces, subject to either 
the Russian or Austrian Government. 

The same liberty of passage and navigation is reciprocally 
permitted upon the streams or rivers which, not being navigable 
at present, may become so in future, as well upon canals which 
may hereafter be cut. The same principles shall be adopted in 
favour of the above-mentioned subjects, in regard to their fre- 
quenting ports at which they may arrive by the navigation of the 
said Rivers and Canals. 

Duties on Navigation, 
Art. XXV. The Tonnage and Towage Duties shall be alike on 
both banks ; the watermen shall nevertheless be obliged to con- 
form to the regulations of the existing police with regard to the 
mode of internal navigalion. 

Commissioners to Regulate Duties on Navigation. 
Art. XXVI. In order to secure still further this liberty of 
Navigation, and to remove every obstacle for the future, the two 
High Contracting Parties have agreed to establish only one kind 
of Duty on Shipping, proportioned to the burthen or tonnage of 
the vessel, or its lading. Commissioners shall be named on both 
sides to regulate the duty, which shall be at a moderate rate, and 

• See Vienna CongreBS Treaty of 9th June, 1815, Art XIV. 
100 



No. 12] AUSTEU AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[PolAnd.] 

be solely applied to mamtaining the rivers aud canals in question, 
in a navigable state. This Duty, once approved of by the two 
Courts, shall be changed only by common consent. The same 
rule shall be observed with regard to the Boards which shall 
regulate the collection of the said Duty. 

If, however, either of the two Contracting Powers should, at 
his own expense, establish a new Canal, the subjects of His 
Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias shall never be subjected 
to higher duties on navigation than those of His Majesty the 
Emperor of Austria. 

In this respect each party shall be considered on a perfect 
equality. 

Duration of Commission. 

Abt. XXVII. The Commissioners who shall be charged with 
the arrangements determined in the above Articles, shall be 
named without delay. Their labours shall be finished, examined 
and approved, within six months at the latest, dating fi-om the day 
of the ratification of the present Treaty. 

Liberty of Transit between Brody and Odessa. 
Abt. XXVIII. ♦ The two High Contracting Parties, with the 
view of giving greater scope to the commercial relations, espe- 
cially between Brody and Odessa, and vice versd^ have agreed to 
grant the most perfect liberty in favour of the transit of mer- 
chandize, throughout all parts of ancient Poland. The duties to 
be collected on this account shall be as moderate as possible, and 
such as are levied on the merchants, or subjects of the most 
favoured nations. 

Commissioners to regulate Tariffs. 
Abt. XXIX. * With the view also of encouraging the import 
and export trade between the said provinces which constituted the 
ancient kingdom of Poland, it has been mutually agreed that the 
two Courts shall name Commissioners, who are to be charged 
with examining the Regulations and Tariffs now in force, to present 
plans, tending to regulate whatever is relative to this commerce, 
and especially to prevent all kinds of abuse, or undue interference 
on the part of the customs. 

Payment by Russia to Austria on account of Ancient Polish Debt. 
Abt. XXX. His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty having 
issued from his general fund of State debts {universal Staatsschulden 

• See Vieima Congress Treatj of 9th Jonei 1815, Art. XTV. 
101 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTBIA AND BUSSLi. [No. 12 

[FolMid.] 

Cassa) bonds for a sum equal to the quota of the Old Debts of the 
King aud the Republic of Poland, witbwhich he had been burthened, 
in consequence of the Convention of the 15th (26th) January, 
1797, and as these bonds are henceforth to remain at his charge, 
with all the arrears of, and present interest, it is agi-eed between 
the High Contracting Parties, that the Government of the Duchy 
of Warsaw, under the guarantee of His Majesty the £mperor of 
all the Kussias, shall be bound, on this accoimt, to make good to 
the Court of Vienna, by way of a settlement in full, the sum of 
four millions of Polish florins. 

Renunciation hy Austria of all other Loans and Debts, 

Art. XXXI. On the other hand, Ilis Imperial and Royal 
Apostolic Majesty fully renounces every other pretension relative 
to Loans and Debts, of whatsoever nature they may be, which 
have been or which might be either assigned to, mortgaged upon, 
or registered against the ceded territory. 

Mode of Payment on account of Ancient Polish Debt, 

Art. XXXII. The four millions of Polish florins, stipulated in 
Article XXX, as a settlement in full on the part of the Govern- 
ment of the Duchy of Warsaw, shall be paid by that Qovemraent 
to the Austrian Imperial Treasury, in specie, and in eight equal 
annual instalments of 500,000 Polish florins each; the firet of 
these annual payments shall become due the 12th (24th) June, 
1816, and the last on the same day in 1824. Havmg, however, 
taken into consideration the actual state of affairs, and the new 
exertions which circumstances may require, the High Contracting 
Parties have agreed, that if peace is not re-established at the 
precise time of the first payment becoming due, such first pay- 
ment is to be deferred, and consequently the others progressively, 
so that the first payment shall take place six months after the 
ratification of the Definitive Treaty of Peace. 

Austria to provide for One-Ninth part of Xew Debts of Duchy of 

Warsaw, 
Art. XXXIIl. With respect to the New Debts, which bear 
date since the erection of the Duchy of AVarsaw, His Imperial 
and Royal Apostolic Majesty undertakes to provide for them, in 
the proportion of one-ninth part; it being understood that the 
Court of Vienna shall participate in the interest resulting from 
their liquidation, in the same proportion. 

102 



No. 12] AUSTRIA AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Poland.] 

Appointment of Commission to Regulate the Balances due hy Foreign 
States^ to the Accoynts of Respective Claims of Contracting 
Parties, and the Claims of Subjects against their Governments. 

Art. XXXIV. Immediately after the signature of the present 
Treaty, a Commission shall be named, which shall assemble at 
Warsaw. It shall be composed of a proper number of Commis- 
sioners and assistants : its object shall be : — 

1. To prepare an exact Balance of what is due by Foreign 
(Jovemments. • 

2. To regulate, reciprocally, between the Contracting Parties, 
the Accounts of their respective Claims. 

3. To settle the Claims of Subjects against their Governments.. 
In short, to adjust whatever relates to subjects of this nature. 

Appointment of Committee for tlie Restitution of all Securities^ 

Art. XXXV. As soon as the Commission mentioned in tlie* 
preceding Article shall have entered upon its duties, it shall 
appoint a committee, for the purpose of proceeding immediately 
to the necessary arrangement for the restitution of all Securities,, 
whether consisting of money, or of deeds and documents, which 
the subjects of one of the Contracting Parties may have given, 
and which may be found in the States of the other. The sanio 
rule shall be observed in all judiciary depots which may have 
been transferred from one province to the other. They shall be 
restored to the jurisdictions of the governments to which they 
belong. 

Restitution of Documents, Plans, Maps, or Deeds, Certified Copies 
of all Documents of Common Interest. 

Art. XXXVI. All Documents, Plans, Maps, or Deeds whatever^ 
which may be found in the Archives of either of the Contracting 
Parties, shall be mutually restored to the power whose territory 
they concern. 

If a document of this kind be of common interest, the party 
who is in possession of it shall keep it, but a certified and le- 
galised copy shall be given to the other. 

Delivery of Acts of Government, Mortgage Books, and Deeds. 

Art. XXXVII. The Acts of Administration shall be separated ; 
each of the Contracting Parties shall receive the part which con- 
cerns his States. 

103 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTRIA AND BUSSIA. [No. 12 

[Poland.] 

The same rule shall be observed with regard to Mortgage 
Books and Deeds. In the case provided for in the preceding 
Article, a legalised copy shall be given. 

Appointment of Commission to Construct Map of New Frontier. 

Art. XXXVIII. A Military and Civil Commission shall be 
immediately appointed, to construct an exact Map of the new 
frontier, annexing the topographical description thereto, to place 
the boundary posts, and describe the angles of its situation, so 
that in no case the least doubt, dispute, or difficulty may arise, if, 
in the course of time, it should be wished to replace a boundary 
mark, destroyed by any accident. 

Continuation of Contract for Salt, 

Art. XXXIX. It is agreed between the two High Contracting 
Parties, that the contract for the purchase of 500,000 quintals of 
Salt, shall be mutually binding, for the term of five years ; at the 
end of which period it may be renewed, on the conditions which 
shall then be agreed upon. 

Ddivery of Provinces to Austria. 

Art. XL. Immediately after the ratification of the present 
Ti-eaty, the necessary orders shall be sent to the commanders of 
troops, and the competent authorities, for the evacuation of the 
.Provinces wliich are restored to Ilis Majesty the Emperor of 
Austria, and for the restitution of the country, to Commissioners, 
who shall be appointed for this purpose ; and tliis evacuation shall 
be effected so that it may be completed in six weeks, dating from 
the day of the exchange of the Ratifications of the present 
Treaty. 

Ratifications. 

Art. XLI. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations exchanged in six days. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and have affixed thereunto the seals of their arms. 

Done at Vienna, the |^^ of the year of Our Lord 1815. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE RASOU.MOFFSKY. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 



104 



No. 13] PRUSSIA AND RUSSIA. [3 May, 1816. 

[Poland.] 



No. 13. — TREATY between Prussia and Russia^ relating 
to Poland.^ Signed at Vienna, 2i£t^A^ jglS. 

•^ ' ird Mmj ' 



[This Treaty formed Annex II to the Vienna Congress Treaty 
of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Peace of Europe and tranquillity of Nations. Definiiiye 
Arrangement respecting Duchj of Warsaw. Equilibrium and Balance 
of Power ostabliflhed at Congress of Vienna. 

1. Part of Duchy of JFarsaw to be possessed by Prussia as Grand Duchy 

of Posen, 

2. Cracow declared to be a Free, Neutral, and Independent Town under 

tlie Protection of Austria^ Prussia^ and Russia, 

3. Part of Duchy of Warsaw to be united to Russia. Title of King of 

Poland to be borne by the Czar. Poles to receiye Representative and 
National Institutions. 

4. Emigration. Liberty to Inliabitants of separate Countries to dispose of 

their Property and withdraw. 

5. General Amnesty in Poland. 

6. Sequt^t rations to be removed. Prosecutions to bo Annulled. 

7. Exceptions to the preceding Article on Confiscations. 

8. Recognition of Right of Mixed Subjects to Property. 

9. Choice of Domicile to be made within a year. 

10. Guardians to make Declarations for Minors. 

11. Neglect of Declaration within prescribed time. 

12. Power of Mixed Proprietor to Change Domicile within Eight Years. 

13. Right of Mixed Proprietor to retain Pro]^)erty in States of a Sovereign 

of whom he is not a Subject. 

14. Extent of Privilege of retaining Property. 

Ifi' f Sight to dispose of Property by Will, &c. 

17. Freedom of Transit of Mixed Proprietors. 

18. Treatment of Proprietors of Estates divided by Frontier. 

19. Privileges of Shepherds and Drovers. 

20. Decisions in Cases of Difference. 

21. Sorereignty of Mills, Manufactories, or Foundries in States bordering on 

Rirers. 

22. Freedom of Navigaiion of Rivers and Canals of Ancient Poland, 1772, 

and of communication by them with Port of Konigsbcrg. 

* By a Russian Manifesto of ^|th February, 1832, the Kingdom of 
Poland was declared to be perpetually united to the Russian Empire, and to 
form an integral part thereof. The British Government protested against 
this Manifesto on the 8rd July, 1832, as being an infraction of the Vienna 
Congress Treaty. 

105 



3 May, 1815J PRUSSIA and bussia. [Ho. 13 

[PoUuEid,] 

AsT. Table. 

23. Rivers, Common right of Towage and Landing. 

24. Rivers, Single duty on Riyera and Canals. 

25. Riven. Abolition of Staple and other Dutie*. 
2G. Local Rights and PriTileges of Towns and Ports. 

27. Appointment of Consuls and Commercial Agents. 

28. Freedom of Trade between Polish Provinces of 1772 in respect of Pro- 

duce and Manufactures. Tariff. Certificates of Origin. 

29. Freedom of Transit in Ancient Poland. 

30. Freedom of Transit. Import Duties. 

31. Regulations and Diyision of Debts of Republic of Poland and Duchj of 

Warsaw. 

32. Table of Sums to be paid to Prussia bj Russia and by Duchj of Warsaw^ 

in consequence of Conrention of 1797, and of Treaty of TilsU of 1807. 

33. Reimbursement of Debts by Warsaw to Prussia, 

34. Prussia to provide three-tenths of New Debts of Warsaw, 

35. Russian share of Old Debts of the Duchy. 

36. Commission of Accounts at Warsaw, 

37. Nonunation of Committee by Commission of Accounts at Warsaw, 

38. Delivery of Documents, Maps, &c. 

39. Delivery of Documents, Maps, Ac. 

40. Restitution of Depdts placed in Security at Kdnigsherg during the War 

of 1806, according to Convention of 1810. 

41. Construction of Map of new Frontier. 

42. Evacuation and Delivery of Territories. 

43. Ratifications. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Freamhle, 

In the Name of the Most Iloly and Undivided Trinity. 

His Majesty the Emperor of all the Kussias, and His Majesty 
the King of Prussia, animated with the desire of cementing more 
closely the ties of friendship which have united their arms and 
their subjects in a difficult and sanguinary war, the sacred object 
of which was to restore peace to Europe and tranquillity to 
nations, have judged it expedient, in order to fulfil their imme- 
diate engagements, and to put an end to all uncertainties, to fix 
definitely, by a solemn Treaty, everything which concerns the 
arrangements relative to the Duchy of Warsaw ; as well as to 
settle the state of affairs resulting therefrom, by combined nego- 
tiations, founded upon the principles of a just Balance of Power 
and division of forces, discussed and agreed upon at the Congress 
of Vienna. 

• For French version see " State Papers," vol. ii, p. 56. 
106 



No. 13] PBUSSIA AND RUSSIA. [3 May, 1816. 

[Poland.] 

The national spirit, the advantages of commerce, the arrange- 
ments which may restore stability to the administration, regularity 
in the finances, pubUc and individual prosperity in the provinces 
recently obtained, have all been taken into consideration, and 
their Imperial and Royal Majesties, in order to complete this 
salutary work, to settle and fix definitely the limits of their 
States, to agree on all the stipulations which can insure their 
happiness, have named for their Plenipotentiaries, viz. : 

His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, the Sieur 
Andrew, Count de Rasoumoffsky, His Privy Councillor, and His 
First Plenipotentiary at the Congress, &c. ; 

And His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Prince Hardenberg, 
His Chancellor of State, His First Plenipotentiary at the Con- 
gress, &c. ; 

Who, after havmg exchanged their Full Powers, and found 
them in good and due form, have agreed on the following 
Articles : these Articles having been negotiated in common with 
the Treaties between Russia, Austiia, and Prussia respectively, 
are inserted in all their form and tenor, excepting the modifica- 
tions which are contained in that concluded with His Imperial 
and Royal Apostohc Majesty, occasioned by the particular state 
of affairs. 

Part of Duchy of Warsaio to he possessed hij Prussia as Grand 
Duchy of Posen, 
Art. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No, 27) as 
Art n.) 

Cracow declared to he a Free, NetdraJ, and Independent Toivn 
under the Protection of Austria, Prussia, and Bd(,ssia. 
Art. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 

Art. VI.) 

Part of Duchy of Warsaw to he united to Russia, Title of King of 
Poland to he home hy the Czar, Poles to receive Representa- 
tive and National Institutions, 
Art. III. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 

Art. I.) 

Emigration, Liherty to Inhabitants of separate Countries to dispose 
of their Property and withdraw. 
Art. rV. If the Inhabitants and Landed Pioprietors of tho 
countries which have been separated in consequence of the pre- 

107 



3 May, 1815.] PBUSSIA AND BUSSIA. [No. 18 

CPoland.] 

sent Treaty, wish to settle under another government, they 
shall be at libert}% during six years, to dispose of their property, 
moveable or immoveable, of whatever nature it may be, to sell it, 
to quit the country, and to remove the produce thereof, either in 
specie or other description of money, without any impediment or 
deduction whatever. 

Poland, General Amnssty. 

Art. v. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XL) 
Poland, Seqiiestratums to he removed. Prosecutions to he annuUed. 

Art. VI. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art XII.) 
Poland. Exceptions to tlie preceding Article respecting Confiscations, 

Art. VII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art. XIII.) 

Recognition of right of mixed Subjects to Property, 

Art. VIII. The quality of a Subject, of the two Governments, 
with regard to property, shall be acknowledged iind confirmed. 

Choice of Domicile to he made within a year. 
Art. IX. Every individual possessing property under more 
than one Grovemment is required, in the course of a year, dating 
from the day of the ratification of the present Treaty, to declare, 
in writing, before the magistrate of the nearest town, or the com- 
mander of the nearest district, or before the nearest civil 
authority in the country which he has chosen to reside in, the 
place where he shall have fixed upon for his settled abode. This 
declaration, which the above magistrate or other authority shall 
transmit to the superior authority of the province, renders him, as 
to his person and his family, exclusively the subject of the Sove- 
reign in whose states he has fixed his said residence. 

Guardians to make Declarations for Minors. 
Art. X. With regard to Minors, and other persons under the 
care of guardians, such guardians shall be compelled to make the 
necessary declaration at the time prescribed. 

Neglect of Declaration within prescribed time. 
Art. XI. If an individual, possessing property under both 

108 



No. 13] PBUSSIA AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[PoUmd.] 

Govemmeuts, shall have neglected, at the expiration of the said 
term of one year, to make the declaration of his fixed abode, 
he shall be considered as being the subject of the Power in whose 
states he last resided, his silence in this case being considered a 
tacit declaration. 

Power of mixed Proprietor to cltnnge Domicile within eight years. 

Art. XII. Eveiy individual possessing property under both 
Governments, having once declared his place of abode, shall, 
nevertheless, retain during the term of eight years, dating from 
the day of the ratification of the present Treaty, the liberty of 
settling under another Government, upon making a new declara- 
tion of his abode, and upon producing the permission of the 
Power under whose Government he wishes to settle. 

Bight of mixed Proprietor to retain Property in States of a Sove* 
reign of whom he is not a Subject, 

Abt. XIII. Any individual possessing property, and circum- 
stanced as above, who has made his declaration of abode, or 
who is considered as having made it, conformably to the stipula- 
tions of Article XI, is not obliged to sell, at any period whatever, 
the property which he may possess in the states of a Sovereign 
of whom he is not a subject lie shall enjoy, with regard to this 
property, all the rights which attach to possession. He shall be 
allowed to expend the revenues thereof in the country where he has 
chosen his residence, without being subject to any drawback at 
the time of exportation, and he may dispose of the said posses- 
sions, and remove the value thereof, without any impediment 
whatever. 

Extent of Privilege of retaining Property, 

Art. XrV. The privileges mentioned in the preceding Article 
extend solely to the property which such individual may possess 
at the time of the ratification of the present Treaty. 

Acquisition of Property by Inheritance, §fc. 

Art. XV. The same privileges are, however, attached to every 
acquisition made under either Government by reason of inherit- 
ance, marriage, or gift of an estiite, which at the date of the 
ratification of the present Treaty shall finally belong to a possessor 
under both Governments. 

109 



8]fa7,181S.] FKUSSIA A5D BUSSIA. [Ko. 13 

Aequigitum of Property by Inheniance, ^. 
Art. XVI. Should aoy individoal, previously possessing pro- 
perty under one Government only, become entitled, by inheritance* 
legacy, gift, or marriage, to any property under the other 
Grovemmeut, he shall be considered as a possessor under both 
Governments, and shall be required to declare his place of abode 
in the prescribed term of a year. This term shall be dated from 
the day on which he shall have prodaced the legal proofs of his 
new acquisition. 

Freedom of Transit of mixed Proprietors, 
Art. XVII. Any individual possessing property under both 
Governments, or his agent, shall be at liberty, at all times, to 
proceiMi from one of his possessions to the other ; and it is the 
pleasure of the two Courts that the Governor of the nearest pro- 
viiiee shall grant the necessary passports for this purpose, on 
application of the parties. These passports shall be deemed suffi- 
cient authority for passing from one Government to the other, 
and shall be mutually respected. 

Treatment of Proprietors of Estate divided by Frontier. 

Art. XVIII. Possessors whose Estates are divided by the 
fwntier, shall he treated, in regard to such possessions, on the 
most lilK^ral principles. 

Possessors under both Governments, their servants and 
tenants, shall have the liberty of passing and repassing, with 
thoir iniplomonts of husbandry, their cattle, utensils, &c., from 
oiH^ |mrt of the estate, thus separated by tl>e frontier, to the other, 
tlu^ liitToivniv of sovereignty benig no impediment thereto; as 
wt^ll as of riMuoving fn>m one place to the otlier their harvests, all 
pnuhiolions of the soil, their cattle, and all manufactured articles, 
witlumt imssports, molestation, rent or impost, or duty whatever. 
This favour, however, shall be limited to articles of growth or of 
industry in the territory thus separated by the line of demarca- 
{\o\\. It shall likewise extend to such lands only as belong to the 
same individual* in the defined distance of a mile (15 to a degree) 
1^1 each siiie of tlie frontier line. 

Privilvjft's of Shepherds and Drovers. 

Art. XIX. The Sliepherds and Drovers, subjects of both 
Powvrs, shall continue to enjoy the rights, immimitieB, and privi- 

110 



Ho. 13] PRUSSIA AND EUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Poland.] 

leges which were formerly granted to them ; nor shall any obstacle 
be thrown in the way of the daily communications between the 
inhabitants of the borders (Grdnz-Verkehr). 

Decisimis in cases of Difference. 

Art. XX. Tlie Domiciliary Court shall likewise decide Differ- 
ences which may arise between any individual and the Governor 
of tliose Territories, but it is the Chief Court of the Territory 
wherein the Property in litigation Is situated which shall cause 
the sentence emanating from the former Court to be put in 
execution. 

This Regulation shall be in force for the term of ten years, at 
the expiration of which the two High Powers reserve to them- 
selves the right of making any other Regulation that may be 
necessary. 

Sovereignty of Mills , Manufactories^ or Foundries in States 
bordering on Rivers. 

Art. XXI. The sovereignty of Mills, Manufactories, or Found- 
ries, established upon a River constituting the Frontier line, shall 
be exercised by the Sovereign of the Territory in which the village 
or place shall be situated, to which such establishment may 
belong. 

In the event of their constituting private property, the Com- 
missioners who shall be charged with the demarcation of the line 
of frontier shall determine, according to locality and the principles 
of equity, what shall be proper, as to the sovereignty. 

It is expressly understood that new establishments of this de- 
Bcription shall not be formed without the mutual consent of the 
Governments of the respective States bordering on the Rivers. 

Freedom of Navigation of Rivers and Canals of Ancient Poland. 

Art. XXII. •The Navigation of all Rivers and Canals in all 
parts of ancient Poland (as it existed in the year 1772) along 
their whole extent, as far as their mouths, as well in going up as 
in coming down, whether those Rivers be navigable at present or 
become so in future, as well as Canals which may be hereafter 
cut, shall be free, so as not to be interdicted to any inhabitant of 

• See Vienna CongreM Treaty of 9th June, 1815, Art. XIY. 
Ill 



3 May, 1815.] PBUSSIA AND BUSSIA. [No. 13 

[PolAiid.] 

the Polish provinces under the Kussian and Prussian GoTem- 
ments. 

The same principles established in favour of the subjects of 
the two High Powers shall apply to the trade they carry on ; it 
being understood that they refer to those parts only at which 
they may arrive by the said Streams, Rivers, hnd Canals, or by 
the Haff, in order to enter the port of Konigsberg. 

Rivers. Common Right of Towage and Landing. 

Art. XXIII. *The Tonnage and Towage Duties on the banks 
of Streams, Rivers, and Canals shall be levied equally on the sub- 
jects of the two Powers. 

Boatmen shall nevertheless conform to the regulations of the 
police with regard to the interior navigation. 

Rivers. Single Duty on Rivers and Canals. 

Art. XXIV. *In order to secure still further the freedom of 
navigation, and to remove every obstacle thereto for the future, 
the two High Contracting Parties agree to establish only one 
kind of duty on navigation, levied according to the burthen, the 
tonnage, or the lading of the vessel. Commissioners shall be 
respectively appointed to regulate this duty, which shall be 
levied at a very moderate rate, to be applied solely to the keep- 
ing the Rivers and Canals in a navigable state. This duty, 
once approved by the two Courts, cannot again be altered but 
by common consent. The same rule shall be observed with 
regard to the Boards which are to settle the collection of those 
duties. The rate thus established shall be collected on the terri- 
tory of each of the two Contracting Powers, on their respective 
account. If, however, either of the two Contracting Powers 
should cut, at their own exi:>ense, a new Canal, the subjects of 
His Prussian Majesty shall never be liable to higher duties on 
navigation than those of His Majesty the Emperor of all the 
Russias. 

In this respect both the parties shall be placed upon a perfect 
equality. 

Rivers. AhoUiion of Staple and other Duties. 

Art. XXV. *In consequence of the principle laid down in the 
preceding Article, all oppressive duties of Enirepdt, of Staple, of 

• See Vienna Congress Treatv of Otli June, 1815, Art. XIV. 
112 



No. 13] PRUSSIA AND RUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Poland.] 

breaking buUr, and others of a like nature, which may have been 
injurious to the free navigation of the said Rivers and Canals, 
shall be for ever abolished throughout their whole extent. 

Locdl Rights and Privileges of Towns and Forts, 

Art. XXVI. With regard to the Rights and Privileges of certain 
Towns and Ports, which might affect the rights of Property, and 
which would consequently be contrary to the principles recipro- 
cally adopted, it has been agreed that they shall be examined by 
a Board of Commissioners, appointed by the two Courts, to de- 
termine which shall be abolished, and to give that freedom and 
activity to commerce which is necessary to its prosperity. 

The Commissioners for this purpose shall be nominated forth- 
with, and their operations shall be completed and approved six 
months, at latest, after the date of the ratification of the present 
Treaty. 

Appointment of Consuls and Commercial Agents, 

Art. XXVII. Each Power shall be at Uberty to accredit to 
the other. Consuls, or Commercial Agents, on condition, however^ 
that they shall be recognized accordmg to the usual forms. 

Freedom of Trade between Polish Provinces of 1772 in respect of 
Produce and Manufactures, 

Art. XXVIII. In order to promote Agriculture as much as: 
possible in all parts of ancient Poland, to encourage the Industry 
of its inhabitants, and to insure their prosperity, the two Higb 
Contracting Parties have agreed, that their paternal and beneficent 
views in this respect may be clearly understood, that the most 
unlimited circulation, for the future and for ever, of all articles of 
growth and industry, shall be permitted throughout their Polish 
provinces (as it existed in 1772). The Commissioners appointed 
to make the arrangements, conformable to the stipulations of 
Article XXVI, shall likewise determine, in the prescribed term of 
six months, the Tariff of Duties on the import and export of all 
articles of produce and manufacture in the above-mentioned pro- 
vinces. This duty shall not exceed 10 per cent., which is to be 
levied on the value of th(^ merchandise at the place of its depar- 
ture. If the two Coiurts should think proper respectively to esta- 
blish a duty on the importation of grain, it shall be fixed at the 
most moderate rate by the said Commissioners, according to the 

113 I 



3 May, 1815.] PRUSSIA AND RUSSIA. [He, 13 

[Poland.] 

instructions which shall be given them. In order to prevent 
foreigners profiting by the arrangements made in favour of the 
provinces above mentioned, it is determmed that all articles, the 
produce thereof, which shall pass from one territory to the other, 
shall be accompanied with the certificate of origin, without which 
they shall not be allowed to enter. In case the Consul should be 
at too great a distance to grant one, that of the magistrate of the 
place shall be sufficient. 

Freedom of Transit in Ancient Poland, 

Art. XXIX. The Transit of merchandise shall be perfectly free 
in all parts of ancient Poland, and shall be subject to the meet 
moderate duties. The Commission mentioned in Articles XXVI 
and XXVII shall determine the mode by which the value shall be 
ascertained, and shall consider of the most certain means of pre- 
venting all delay in passing the Custom-houses, or any kind of 
impediment whatever. 

Freedom of Transit Import Duties, 
Art. XXX. The stipulations agreed upon in the above-men- 
tioned Articles, relative to Commerce and Navigation, shall not 
be partially applied ; consequently, up to the period (which shall 
not exceed six months) in which the above-mentioned Commission 
shall have completed their labours, the Navigation shall continue 
on the same footing as latterly. With regard to the Import 
Trade, each Government shall adopt, during the interval, such 
measures as may be judged most expedient. 

JRegulatiotis and Division of Debts of BepuhUc of Poland and Duchy 

of Warsaw, 

Art. XXXI. The particular attention of the two High Courts 
has been directed towards the regulations concerning Debts, and 
the fixing of the proportions which each of the Contracting Powers 
shall bear in a transaction on which depend the interest of indi- 
viduals, the regularity of the finance, and the execution of Treaties. 
It has therefore been resolved to proceed with that precision 
which such arrangements require ; and to distinguish them ; viz., 
into Old Debts, those of King Stanislaus Augustus, and of the 
former RepubUc; and, into new ones, those of the Duchy of 
Warsaw. 

lU 



No. 13] FBUSSIA AND BUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

Table of Sums to he paid to Prussia hy Bussia and by Duchy of 

Warsaw, 

Art. XXXII. With regard to the first class, all such Debts as 
are to be liquidated by Pinissia, in virtue of the Treaty of 1797,* 
having been converted into Bonds of the Maritime Society, known 
by the name of Recognizances, and His Maje.Nty being willing 
to become responsible for the total amount of those Bonds, with 
their interest, the security which the Duchy of Warsaw (under 
the guarantee of the Emperor of all the Russias) is to afford to 
Prussia with regard to the principal, has been regulated, as well 
with respect to capital as interest, in the Table A. It has been 
determined, in consequence, that the regulations contained in that 
Table should be considered as having the same validity as if they 
had been inserted, word for word, in the present Article. The 
Tabic has, for this reason, been signed separately, and the sum 
total which thereby accrues to Prussia, shall be reimbursed to 
that Power in eight equal annual payments, with an interest at 
the rate of 4 per cent., it being understood that the instalments 
shall be regulated in such manner, that no compound interest 
shall be paid. The first payment shall be made 12th (24th) June, 
1816. 

The High Contracting Powers having, however, taken into 
consideration the actual state of affairs, and the new efforts which 
the circumstances may require, have agreed, that if peace be not 
re-established at the above-mentioned period, the first payment is 
to be deferred, and the others progressively, according to the 
rule laid down, until the time when the troops of the respective 
Powers shall have returned to their homes. 

'Reimbursement of Debts by Warsaw to Prussia, 

Art. XXXin. The Duchy of Warsaw shall be at liberty to 
reimburse Prussia, for the capital and interest, as settled in the 
aforesaid Table, either in Bonds of the Maritime Society, called 
Recognizances, in such bills as may supply the place of these 
Recognizances, or in specie ; and in the latter case, His Prussian 
Majesty consents to a discount of 10 per cent. 

This discount, however, is not to be taken on payment of the 
current interest, which may nevertheless be discharged, in paper 
currency. (Coupons courants.) 

• See Yiemia OoagreM Tretfty of 9tli June, 1816» Art. XIV. 
115 I 2 



3 Hay, 1815.] PBUSSIA AND BUS8U. [No. 13 

[Pdlaxid.] 

Prussia to provide Three-teniha of New Debit of Wanaw. 

Art. XXXIV. With respect to the New Debts of the Dndiy 
of Warsaw, His Prussian Majesty undertakes to provide for them 
in the proportion of thi-ee-tenths ; it being understood that the 
Court of Prussia shall participate in the interest which may 
accrue on their liquidation, in the same proportion. 

Russian Share of Old Debts of the Duchy. 

Art. XXXV. The quota which His Majesty the Emperor of 
All the Russias engages to provide for the Old Debts of the Duchy 
of Warsaw, being specified in the Table B, the regulations con- 
tained therein shall be considered as having the same validity as 
if they were inserted in the present Article, and the Russian 
Imperial Treasury shall pay, without delay, to the Prussian 
Gk)vemment, the amount which shall appear in this Table, in the 
same order, by the same instalments, and bearing the same inte- 
rest, as is stipulated and agreed upon for the reimbursements to 
be made from the Treasury of the Duchy of Warsaw, under the 
guarantee of His Imperial Majesty ; so that the eaid Duchy shall 
not be charged, on the part of Prussia, with a greater sum than 
18,573,952|^ Polish florins. 

Commission of Accounts at Warsaw. 

Art. XXXVI. Immediately after the signature of the present 
Treaty, a Commission shall be named, which shall assemble at 
Warsaw* It shall be composed of a proper number of Commis- 
sioners and clerks : its object shall be — 

1. To prepare an exact Balance of what is due by Foreign 
Governments. 

2. To regulate reciprocally between the Contracting Parties 
the Demands arising from their respective Claims. 

3. To settle the Claims of Subjects upon their Governments. 
In fine, to adjust whatever relates to subjects of this nature. 

Nomination of Committee by Commission of Accounts at Warsaw. 
Art. XXXVII. As soon as the Commission mentioned in the 
preceding Article shall have assembled it shall name a Conmiittee, 
for the purpose of proceeding immediately to the necessary 
arrangements for the restitution of all Seciurities, whether con- 
sisting of money, or in Deeds and Documents, which the subjects 
of one of the Contracting Parties may have given, and which 

116 



Ho. 13] PBUaSIA AWD RU3SU. [3 May, 1815. 

[PolABd.] 

may be in the States of the other. The same rule shall be 
observed in all law or other offices, which may have been trans- 
ferred from one province to the other. They shall be restored to 
the jurisdiction of the Grovernments to which they belong. 

Bdivery of DoeumenU, Maps, ^c, 

Abt. XXXVTIL All Docoments, Plans, Maps, or Deeds wlmt- 
ever, which may be foond in the Archives of either of the Con- 
tractiog Parties, shall be mutually restored to the Power whose 
territory they concern. 

If a document of this kind be of a common interest, the party 
who is in possession of it shall keep it, but a certified and legalised 
capj thereof shaU be given to the other. 

Delivery of Documents, Maps, j-c, 

Abt. XXXIX. Acts of the Administration shall bo separated. 
Each of the Coutraeting Parties shall receive the part which con- 
cerns his States. 

The same rule shall be observed with regard to books and 
deeds concerning Mortgages. In the case provided for in the 
above Article, a legalised copy shall be given. 

Bettiiution of DepSls placed in Security ai Konigsherg during the 

War, 
Art. XL. If the restitution of the different kinds of Depots 
which, during the war of 1806, were placed in security at Konigs- 
herg by Prussian Officers, has not yet been effected, it shall take 
place forthwith, according to the principles established by the 
Convention of the IQth of September, 1810,* and conformably to 
what has been settled in the Conferences of the respective Com- 
missioners who have discussed this subject at Warsaw. 

Construction of Map of Kcxo Frontier, 

Abt. XLI. A Military and Civil Commission shall be imme- 
^ately appointed, to construct an exact Map of the new Frontier, 
annexing the topographical description thereto, to place the 
boundary posts, and describe the angles of its situation, so that 
in no case the least doubt, dispute, or difficulty may arise, if, in 
the course of time, the replacing of a boundary mark, destroyed 
bj any accident, should be disputed. 

• See Appendix. 
117 



3]fay,1815.] PBUBSIA AHD BITSEOA. [Mo. 18 

[FolAiid.] 

Evacuation and Delivery of Territories. 

Art. XLII. Immediately after the ratification of the present 
Treaty, the necessary orders shall be sent to the conmianders of 
troops in the Dachy of Warsaw, as well as to the competent 
authorities, for the evacuation of the provinces which are restored 
to His Prussian Majesty, and for the restitution of the country 
to the Commissioners who shall be appointed for that purpose. 
And this evacuation shall take place so as to be completed in 
21 days. 

Battfications, 

Abt. XLIII. The present Treaty shaU be ratified, and the 
Ratifications shall be exchanged in six days. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
the same, and have affixed thereunto the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the l^^^ of the year of Our Lord, 1815. 

(L.S.) The COUNT DE RASOUMOFPSKY. 
(L.S.) The PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 



TABLES ANNEXED TO PRECEDING TREATY. 



(A.) Sums to be provided by the Treasury of the Duchy of Warsaw, 
Table relating to Article XXXTT. 
The portion of the Old Debts of the King and of the Republic of Poland, 
which, in coDsequence of the Conyention of 1797, Prussia had taken upon 
herself, on account of her acquisitions in the two last divisions, and on the 
amount of which it had issued Bonds known under the name of Bccognizances, 

amounts to 27,266,666| 

Of this total Prussia is still chargeable, on account of a part 
of the said acquisitions which she retains 10,000,000 

Kemainder of capital to be reimbursed to Prussia 17,266,666} 

The interest on the aboTc total part from the 9th July, 1807 
(date of the Treaty of Tilsit) up to the 9th April, 1815, conse- 
quently for 7 years and 9 months, during which Prussia was 
deprived of her Possessions in Poland, at the rate of 4 per cent. 

per annum, amounting to 8,452,666 

Prussia taking charge of -^ths of these arrears of 
interest, which are considered as New Debts of the 
Duchy, a discount must be made on the total of 

airearB of 2,535,799 

118 



Ho. 13] PRUSSIA AND RUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Poland.] 

Remainder to be reimbursed to Prussia on ac- 
count of arrears of interest 5,916,867 



Total that the Duchy is to reimburse to Prussia 

Florins of Poland. .. . 23,183^33$ 

But His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, haying 
undertaken, by virtue of Article XXXV of the present Treaty, 
to reimburse from His Imperial Royal Treasury the part with 
which His Imperial Majesty is charged, according to the Table 
relating to Article XXXV, in the sum of 4,609,580^/^ 



The Treasury of the Duchy of Warsaw only remains 
chargeable with Florins of Poland 18,573,952j^ 

Vienna, 3rd May, 1815. 

LE COMTE DE RASOUMOFFSKY. 

LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERa. 



(B.) Sums to be provided by the Imperial Russian Treasury, 

Table relating to Article XXXV. 

The portion of the Old Debts of the King and of the Republic of Poland, 
which His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias undertakes to discharge, 
on account of the acquisition of Bialystock, equivalent to -^th of the original 
Debt of 27,266,666} Polish florins, chargeable to Prussia, in accordance with 
the Convention of 1797, the sum to be provided on that account by the 
Russian Treasury is therefore 2,272,222| 

Arrears of Interest on that sum at 4 per cent., dating from 
the Peace of Tilsit (9th July, 1807), that is to say for 7 years 
and 9 months '. 704,38a 

The Duchy of Warsaw having been administered on account 
of Russia since the month of November, 1812, that is to say, for 
two years and 4 months, His Majesty the Emperor engages to 
provide on that account direct from the Imperial Treasury, instead 
of from that of the Duchy of Warsaw, for tliat period -^ths of 
the interest of the capital of 24,994,441-]f^ of Polish florins which 
remained chargeable to the Duchy, on account of the acqui- 
utions made by the Treaty of Tilsit ; which amounts to 1,632,970| 

Total— florins of Poland 4,609,580/^ 

Vienna, 3rd May, 1815. 

LE COMTE DE RASOUMOFFSKY. 
LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 



119 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTBIA, PRUSSIA, AND RUSSIA. [No. 14 

[Independanoe, fto., of Craoow.] 



No. 14:.— A DDTTIONAL TREATY between Austria, 
Prussia, and Russia, relative to Cracow.* Signed at Vtenna, 

21gt Apri l TQiK 
SMMay' iolD. 



[This Treaty formed Annex III to the Vienna Congress Treaty of 
9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Table. 

1. Cr(Mcow declared to be a Free, Neutral, and Independent Town under the 

Protection of Au^triOf Prussiot and JRuttia, 

2. Boundaries of the Territory of Cracow. 

8. Pririloges granted to Fodgone, Auttriam right of Sorereignty OTcr 

Podfforze. Neutrality of Cracow. 
4. Facilitios to Commerce of Cracow on the Tistula. 
6. Mixo^l Commission to mark Boundaries. 

6. Neutrality to be respected by Austria^ Prussia, and Russia. 

7. Guarantee of Constitution of Cracow. Commissioners to act in concert 

with Committee of Cracow. Labours of Committee. 

8. Non-est«blishmont of Custom-houses. Levy of Barrier and Bridge Tolls. 

9. General TarilVof Tolls on Bridges and Roads. Currency. 

10. Rights and Obligations of Mixed Subjects to be extended to Poles in 

Treaties. General Amnesty, and Liberty of Commerce and Narigation 
to Cracowians. Free passage into Cracow of Firewood, Ac. 

11. Revision of Duties and Rents payable by Peasants to Clergy and State. 

12. Postal Arrangements. Commission to Regulate Postage. 

13. Disposal of National Property. 

14. Non-contribution towards Debts of Grand Duchy of Warsaw. 

15. Confirmation of Privileges and Property of Academy. Period of Ad- 

mission of Poles of neighbouring Provinces of Cracow. 

16. Confirmation of Establishments, and Property of Bishopric, Chapter, 

and Clergy of Cracow. Revision of Application of Revenues to Public 
Education and support of inferior Clergy. 

17. Non-extension of Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of Cracow to Austrian and 

Prussian Territories. Nomination of the Bishop of Cracow by the 
Emperor of Russia. 

18. Deposit of Treaty and Constitution among Archives of Cracow. 

19. Ratifications. 



* By a Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Russia, of the 6th November, 
184fi, the Independent existenc*e of the Free City of Cracow was put an 
end to, and the City and its Territory were incoriwrated with the Austrian 
Dominions. Tlie British Government protested against this infraction of 
the Vienna Congress Treaty, on the 23rd November, 1846. The French 
Government also protested against it, on the 3rd December, 1846. 

120 



No. 14] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, AND RUSSIA. [3 liay, 1815. 

[Znd«p«iid«noe, fto., of Oraoow.] 

(TranslatioD, as laid before Parliament*). 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and 
Bohemia, His Majesty the King of Prussia, and His Majesty the 
Emperor of All the Russias, wishing to give effect to that Article 
of their respective Treaties which relates to the neutrality, the 
liberty and independence of the City of Cracow and of its terri- 
tory, have appointed, to fulfil their benevolent intentions in this 
respect, namely : 

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and 
Bohemia, the Sieur Clement Winceslas Lothaire, Prince dc 
Mettemich-Winnebourg-Oschenhausen, his Minister of State, of 
Conference and of Foreign Affairs, and his Plenipotentiary at 
the Congress, Ac, &c. ; 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Prince Hardenberg, his 
Chancellor of State, his First Plenipotentiary at the Congress, 
&c., &c. ; 

His Majesty tlie Emi)eror of All the Russias, the Sieur Andrew 
Count Rasoumoffsky, his Privy Councillor, and his First Plenipo- 
tentiary at the Congress ; who, after having exchanged their full 
powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon, concluded, 
and signed the following Articles : — 

Cracow declared to he a Free^ Neutral^ and Independent Town under 
the Protection of Austria^ Prussia^ and Russia, 
Akt. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No, 27) as 
Art VI.) 

Boundanes of the Teiritory of Cracow, 
Art. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art VII.) 

Privileges granted to Podgorze, Austrian right of Sovereignty over 
Podgorze. Neutrality of Cracow, 
Art. Ill (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No, 27) 
as Art. VIII.) 

Facilities to Commerce of Cracow en the Vistula, 
Art. IV. In pursuance of this concession, His Imperial and 
Royal Apostolic Majesty has determined to grant permission for 
the City of Cracow to extend its bridges over to the right bank of 

• For French yersion see " Stat© Paperf," vol. ii, p. 74. 
121 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, AND RUSSIA. No. 14 

[Znd«p«iid«noe, Ao,, of Oraoow.] 

the Vistula, and to fasten its boats at those places through which 
it has always been in the habit of communicating with Podgorze. 
The city shall be at the expense of repairing the bank, where its 
bridges are anchored or moored. It shall also be at the expense 
of repairing the bridges, as well as the ferry boats provided for 
the season, when a bridge of boats cannot be maintaiued. 

Should there, however, be any relaxation, neglect, or ill-will 
in the establishment, the three Courts shall, if such facts be 
proved, order such a police, at the charge of the town, as may 
be competent to guard against any abuses of this description in 
future. 

Mixed Commission to mark Boundaries. 
Art. V. Immediately after the signature of the present 
Treaty, a joint Commission shall be appointed, composed of an 
equal number of commissioners and engineers, to mark out the 
line of demarcation, to place the Boundary-posts, to describe the 
angles and bearings, and to construct a Map containing a local 
description, so that no misunderstanding or doubt may in future 
arise upon these points. The Boundary-posts, describing the 
territory of Cracow, shall be numbered and marked with the arms 
of the Power bordering on that territory, and of those of the free 
city of Cracow. The frontiers of the Austrian territory, opposite 
to that of Cracow, being formed by the Thalweg of the Vistula, 
the Austrian Boundary-post^ shall be fixed on the right bank of 
that River. The Circle comprehending the free commercial terri- 
tory of Podgorze shall be pointed out by particular posts, 
marked with the arms of Austria, and bearmg the inscription 
" Free Line of Commerce " ( Wolny ohrag diet handlu). 

Neutrality of Cracmv to he respected by Austria, Frussia, and 

Russia. 

Art. VI. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Ai-t. IX.) 

Guarantee of Constitution of Cracotc, 

Art. VII. The Three Courts having approved of a Constitution 
by which the Fi-ee City of Cracow and its territory shall be regu- 
lated, and which is annexed to the present Article as an integral 
part thereof, respectively guarantee that Constitution.* They 
moreover engage respectively to appoint a Commissioner, who 

* S^ Yiexma Ck>ngrefls Treaty of £th Jane 1815, Art. X. 
122 



No. 14] AUSTMA, PRUSSIA, AND RUSSIA. [3 liay, 1815. 

[Independenoe, Ac, of Crftoow.] 

shall proceed to Cracow, to act in concert with a temporary and 
local commission, composed principally of individuals holding 
public situations, or of persons of character. Each of the three 
Powers shall, for this purpose, make choice of a candidate, either 
from the nobility, the clergy, or the commonalty. Each of the 
Commissioners of the three Courts shall fill the office of Presi- 
dent, alternately, by the week. He who shall first preside shall 
be appointed by ballot, and the President shall enjoy all the 
rights and privileges belonging to that office. 

This Committee shall be employed in laying down the consti- 
tutional bases in question, and shall carry them into effect. It 
shall also have the gift of the first official appointments ; except- 
ing, however, those who may have been appointed to the Senate 
by the High Contracting Parties, who for this time reserve to 
themselves the right of choosing some well-known persons. 

It shall also employ itself in assembling and putting into 
action the new Goveniment of the Free City of Cracow and its 
territory. It shall enter into immediate communication with the 
existing administration, and is authorised to make all such changes 
therein as may be necessary for the public service, so long as 
this temporary state of affairs shall continue. 

Noti-estahlishment of Custom-houses. 

Art. VIll. The Constitution of the Free City of Cracow and 
its territory, does not admit of the right, or establishment^ of 
Custom-houses. The city is, however, permitted to levy Barrier- 
duties and Bridge-tolls {pontonage), 

G&neral Tariff of Tolls on Bridges and Roods. 

Art. IX. In order to establish a fixed regulation with regard 
to the Tolls to be collected on the Bridges and Roads of the Free 
City of Craojw, which are to be levied in proportion to the 
expense required to keep them in repair, it has been agreed that 
a general tariff shall be made by the Commission specified in 
Article VII. 

This tariff shall only apply to goods, beasts of burthen or of 
draught, and cattle. It shall not apply to individuals, except at 
those times when the passage must be effected by water. 

The tdl-houses shall be established on the left bank of the 
Vistula. 

The same Commission shall also agree upon the principles con- 
ceming the Currency. 

128 



3 May, 1816.] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, AND RUSSIA. [Ho. 14 

[Independmoe, fto., of Oraoow.] 

lUghls and Obligations of Mixed Subjects to be extended to Poles in 

Treaties, 

Art. X. All the Rights, ObligationB, Advantages, and Privileges 
stipulated by the three High Contracting Parties, in the Artides 
relative to individuals possessing property under different Govern- 
ments, to a general Amnesty, to free Trade and Navigation, are 
equally granted to the Free City of Cracow and its territory. 

In order to facilitate the provisioning the City and Territory of 
Cracow, the three High Courts consent to allow fire-wood, coals, 
and every other article of first necessity, freely to pass and repass 
through the territory of the City of Cracow. 

Revision of Duties and Bents payable by Peasants to Clergy and 

State, 

Art. XL A Commission shall regulate the Rights of Property, 
and the rents to be paid by the peasantry on Ecclesiastical and 
Crown Lands, in the manner best calculated to relieve and ame- 
liorate that class of individuals. 

Postal Arrangements, Commission to regulate Postage. 

Art. XI I. The Free City of Cracow shall preserve for itself 
and upon its territory, the privileges ^of the Post. Each of the 
three Courts, however, shall have the option of establishing 
either their own Post-office at Cracow, for mails proceeding to 
and from their States, or merely to appoint a secretary at the 
Post-office at Cracow, to superintend this department The Post- 
age of foreign letters, and of those of the interior, shall be settled 
in the regulations to be agreed upon by the Commission mentioned 
in Article VII. 

Disposal, of National Property, 

Art. XIIL Whatever may be found in the Free City and 
Territory of Cracow, to have been National Property of the Duchy 
of Warsaw, shall, as such, belong in future to the Free City of 
Cracow. This property shall constitute one of its financial funds, 
and the revenue arising therefrom shall be applied to the support 
of the Academy, to other literary institutions, and principally to 
the improvement of the means of public education. The revenues 
arising from the banier-duties and bridge-tolls, are, from their 
nature, to be appropriated to keeping the bridges and highways 
in repair ; both in the Free City as well as in the Territory of 

124 



Ho. 14] AT7STBIA, PBT7SSIA, AND BUSSIA. [8 Hayi 1815. 

[Indepeiidanoe, fto., of Oraoow.] 

Cracow, the Govemment shall be responsible for the execution of 
this part of the public service, so necessary to intercourse and 
commerce. 

Non-contrihtUian towards Debts of Orand Duchy of Warsaw. 

Akt. XIV. The revenues of the Free City of Cracow, being so 
leg^ated that the surplus of the expenses of administration shall 
be appropriated to the purposes mentioned in the preceding 
Article, the City of Cracow shall not be called upon to contribute 
towards the payment of the Debts of the Duchy of Warsaw, and 
on the other hand, it shall have no share in the reimbursements 
which may be made to that Duchy. The inhabitants of Cracow 
shall always be at liberty to submit the arrangement of their 
private claims to the Commission which shall be authorised to 
settle the accounts. 

Confirmation of Privileges and Property of Academy. 

Art. XV.* The buildings and library belonging to the Academy 
of Cracow, its landed property, and mortgaged capital, together 
with all the privileges which it at present enjoys, are hereby 
secured to it. 

Permission shall be granted to the inhabitants of the neigh- 
bouring Polish provinces to repair to that Academy, and to study 
there, as soon as it shall be regulated conformably with the 
intentions of each of the three Iligh Courts. 

Confirmation of EstahlishmentSy and Properly of Bishopric^ Chapter^ 
and Clergy of Cracow. 
Abt. XVI. The Bishopric of Cracow, and lie Chapter of that 
Free Cit}', as well as all the secular and regular clergy, shall be 
continued. The funds, endowments, immoveable effects, lents^ 
or collections, which constitute their property, shall be secured to 
them. The Senate, however, shall be at liberty to propose to the 
Assemblies of December, a different mode of expenditure from 
that which may exist, if it shall be proved that the present ap- 
propriation of the revenues, especially with regard to public 
instruction and the distressed situation of the inferior clergy, 
has been conducted in a manner contrary to the intention of the 
founders. In every change to be made, the same formalities 
shall be observed as are usual in respect to the adoption of a law 
of the State.* 

• See Vienna Congrest Trettj of 9ih June, 1816^ Art X 
125 



3 May, 1816.] AUSTBIA, PRUSSIA, AKD RUSSIA. [No. 14 

[Independence, Ac, of Oraoow.] 

NoU'extension of Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of Cracow to Austrian 
and Prussian Territories, 

Art. XVII. As the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of the Bishopric 
of Cracow is not to extend to the Austrian and Prussian terri- 
tories, the nomination of the Bishop of Cracow is six?cially 
reserved to His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, who, 
on this particular occasion, shall make the first nomination agree- 
ably to his own choice. In future, the Chaiier and Senate shall 
each have the pri\Tlege of recommending two candidates for that 
appointment, from among whom His said Majesty shall select 
the new Bishop. 

Deposit of Treaty and Constituti&n among Archives of Cracotc, 
Art. XVIII. A copy of the Articles before mentioned, as like- 
wise of the Constitution which forms a principal part of tiicm, 
shall be formally deposited, by the joint Commission designated 
iu Article VII, with the Archives of the Free City of Cracow, as a 
permanent proof of the generous piinciples adopted by the three 
High Powers in favour of the Free City and Tenitory of Cracow. 

Batificafions, 

Art. XIX. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations shall be exchanged in six days. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
the same, and have fixed thereunto the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, tlio a'^ ^j , 1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDEN BERG. 
(L.S.) LE OOMTE DE RASOUMOFFSKY. 



126 



No. 15] AUSTBIA, PRUSSIA, AND BI7SSIA. [3 May, 1816. 

[Cracow.] 



No. lb.— CONSTITUTION of the Free City of Cixicow.^ 
Vienna^ drd Mai/, 1815. 

[This Constitution formed part of Annex III to the Vienna Congress 
Treaty of 9th June, 1815 (No. 27), and was Approved and 
Guaranteed by Article VII of the Treaty between Austria, 
Prussia, and Russia, of 3rd May, 1815 (No. 14).] 

Abt. Table. 

1. Constitution of the Free City of Cracow, Religion of the Country. 

2. Equality of Christian Sects. 

3. Rights of Agriculturists. 

4. Government by a Senate. 
6. Election of Senators. 

6. Duration of Office. 

7. Persons eligible as Electors and as Candidates. 

8. Nomination of Public Functionaries by the Senate ; and to Ecclesiastical 

Livings, with certain exceptions. 

9. Division into Communes. 

10. Annual Assembly of Representatives. Duties of Legislative Assembly. 

11. Composition of the Assembly. Election of President from among Dele- 

gates. 

12. Alteration of Laws after consent of Senate. Formation of Civil and 

Criminal Laws, and Procedure. 

13. Power of Senate to postpone Laws. Duration of Annual Law of Finance 

until replaced by another Law. 

14. Arbitration Magistrates of Districts. 

15. Court of First Instance, and Court of Appeal. Powers and Proceedings. 

16. Composition of Supreme Court. 

17. Proceedings in open Court, in Civil and Criminal Matters. Decision of 

Juries. 

18. Independence of Judicial Order. 

19. Conditions of eligibility for office of Senator, Judge, or Representative 

of a Commune. Eligibility of Functionaries previously in Office in 
Duchy of Wartaw. 

20. Polish Langtu^e in Acts of Government, of Legislation, and of Judicial 

Courts. 

21. Inclusion of the Academy in the General Budget. 

22. Municipal Militia for internal security and Police. Gendarmerie for 

security of roads and country. 

* By a Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Russia, of the 6th November, 
1846, the Independent existence of the Free City of Cracow was put an end 
to, and the City and its Territory were incorporated with the Aostriaii 
DominioDi. The British Ghyremment protested against this infraction of the 
Yienna Congreas Treaty, on the 23rd November, 1846. The French Govern- 
ment also protested against it, on the 3rd December, 1846. 

127 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTBIA, PBUSSU, AND RUSSIA. [No. 15 

[Craoow.] 

Constitution of the Free City of Cracow. Religion of the Country. 
Art. I. The Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman ReligioD, is con- 
iSrmed as the religion of the country. 

Equality of Christian Sects. 
Art. II. Every sect of the Christian Religion is free, and can- 
not constitute any difference with regard to social rights. 

Bights of Agriculturists, 

Art. III. The existing rights of the Agriculturist shall be 
maintained. The law knows no distinction among citizens, pro- 
tecting all alike. The law protects also the sects which are 
tolerated. 

Government by a Senate. 

Art. IV. The Government of the Free City of Cracow and its 
Territory, shall be vested in a Seriate, composed of twelve 
members, called Senators, and a President. 

Election of Senators. 
Art. V. Nine of the Senators, including the President, shall 
be elected by the Assembly of Representatives ; the remaining 
four shall be chosen by the Chapter and the Academy, each of 
which shall have the right of returning two of their members to 
the Senate. 

Duration of Office. 

Art. VI. Six members shall be appointed for life. The Presi- 
dent of the Senate shall remain in office for three years, with the 
power of being re-elected. Half of the remaining Senators shall 
retire from the Senate every year, to make room for the newly 
elected ; the three members who are to vacate their seats at the 
end of the first year, shall be regulated according to age ; that is 
to say, the youngest members shall go out the first. With regard 
to the foiu- Senators elected by the Chapter and Academy, two of 
them shall remain in office for life; the other two shall be 
replaced at the end of every year. 

Persons eligible as Electors and as Candidates. 

Art. VII. The members of the secular clergy, and of the Uni- 
versity, as well as the owners of lands, houses, or any other kind 
of property, who pay 50 Polish florins land tax ; all proprietors 
of manufactories, merchants, and all who are registered as mem- 
bers of the Exchange, distinguished artists, and professors of 
schools, shall, as soon as they have attained the required age, 

128 



No. 15] AUSTBU, PBUSSU, AND RUSSIA. [3 liay, 1815. 

[Oraoow.] 

have the political right of voting. They may also be elected, 
provided they fulfil the other conditions which the law enjoins. 

Nomination of Public Functionaries hy the Senate; and to Eccle- 
siastical Livings^ with certain exceptions. 
Art. Vin. The members of the Administration shall be ap- 
pointed by the Senate, which has the privilege of dismissing, at 
pleasure, public officers employed under its autbority. It has 
likewise the nomination to ecclesiastical livings, the presentation 
to which belongs to the State ; with the exception of four places 
in the Chapter, which shall be reserved for the doctors of the 
f&culties discharging the offices of instructors, and to which 
places the Academy shall appoint. 

Division into Communes, 
Art. IX. The City of Cracow with its territory shall be divided 
into city and country Conmmnes. The former shall, each of them, 
as far as local drcumstances may permit, have a population of 
2,000 souls, and the latter 8,500, at least. Each of these com- 
munes shall have a mayor, freely elected and charged with 
carrying the orders of Government into effect. In the country 
Communes, mayoralties may be discharged by deputy, if circimi- 
stances require it. 

! Annual Assembly of Representatives. Duties of Legislative 

Assembly. 

Art. X. The Assembly of Representatives shall meet in the 
month of December each year, and their sitting shall not exceed 
four weeks. The legislative power shall be vested in this as- 
sembly; it shall examine the annual accounts of the public 
administration, and shall prepare the budget every year ; it shall 
elect the members of the Senate, according to the contents of the 
organic Article in this respect ; the election of judges is also 
vested in this assembly, and they shall have the right (by a 
majority of two-thirds) to impeach public officers, of whatever 
rank, if suspected of embezzling money, or guilty of exaction, or 
of any other abuse in the discharge of their offices, and to bring 
them before the Supreme Court of Justice. 

Composition of the Assembly. Election of President from among 
Delegates. 
Art. XI. The Assembly of Representatives shall be com- 
posed; 

129 K 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTBTA, PRUSSIA, AND RTTSSIA. [Ho. 15 

[Oraoow.3 

1. Of tho deputies of communes, eacli electing one. 

2. Of three members chosen by the Senate. 

3. Of three prelates, appointed by the Chapter, 

4. Of three doctors of tho faculties, appointed by the Uni- 
versity. 

5. Of six magistrates of arbitration, actually in office, who 
shall serve in rotation. The President of the Gonmiittee shall be 
chosen from the three members, appointed by the Senate. No 
project of a law, tending to introduce any alteration in an exist- 
ing law or regulation, shall be proposed to the Committee of 
Representatives, unless it shall have been previously communi- 
cated to the Senate, and have received their sanction by a 
majority. 

A Iteration of Laws after consent of Senate, Formation of Civil and 
Criminal Laws^ and Procedure. 

Art. XII. The Assembly of Representatives shall employ 
itself in framing a civil and criminal code of laws, and in regu- 
lating the forms of proceeding. They shall appoint without delay 
a Committee to prepare the same, in the framing of which due 
regard shall be had to the local circumstances of the country, 
and to the habits of the people. Two members of the Senate 
shall be attached to this Committee. 

Poiver of Senate to postpone Lav^s. Duration of Annual Law of 
Finance until replaced by another Law, 

Art, XIII. If a law has not received the consent of seven- 
eighths of the Representatives, and if the Senate declares, by a 
majority of nine votes, that the public interest requires it to be 
submitted again to the consideration of the Legislators, it shall 
1)0 referred a second time to the decision of the Assembly of the 
following year. If it be an object of finance, the law of the 
preceding year shall remain in force until the new law has 
passed. 

Arbitration Magistrates of Districts, 

Art. XIV. The Assembly of Representatives shall appomt a 
Magistrate of Arbitration to every district, consisting of not less 
than 6,000 souls. He shall exercise his fimctions for three 
years. Besides his duty as Arbitrator, his business shall bo to 
watch over the interests of minors, as well as to take cognisance 
of all suits relating to fwids and landed property belonging to 

130 



No. 15] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, AND RUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Cracow.] 

the State, or to pnblic institutious. Upon all matters referred <<i 
him in his doul)lc capacity, he shall communicate) with the 
youngest Senator, whose special duty it shall be to attend to tho 
interests of minors, and to actions oi law concerning funds or 
landed property of the State. 

Court of First I listame^ and Court of AppeaL Powers and FrO' 

cccdimjit. 

Art. XV. There shall be a Court of " First Instance,'* and a 
Court of Appeal. Three Judges in the former, and four in the 
latter Court, including their Presidents, shall hold their appoint- 
ments for life. The other Judges attached to each of these 
Courts, to the number which local cu-cumstances may require, 
shall depend upon the free election of the communes, and shall 
remain in oflBce no longer than the period specified in the organic 
laws. These two Courts shall try causes of all descriptions, 
whatever be their nature, or "the rank of the parties. If tho 
decision of both Courts be alike, no further appeal can be had. 
If their verdicts are essentially at variance, or if the Academy, 
after having examined the written pleadings, declare that there 
is ground for a complaint of a violation of law, or that the 
essential forms of proceeding have not been ()bser\'ed in a civil 
cause, as well with regard to sentences inflicting capital or igno- 
minious punishment, the suit shall again l>e brought before tho 
Court of Appeal ; but in this case, there shall be added to the 
orduiary number of Judges, all the Magistrates of Arbitration 
belonging to the city, and 4 individuals, 2 of whom shall bo 
chosen by each of the leading parties concerned, from among the 
citizens. Three Judges are necessaiy to give judgment in the 
Fii^t Instance, 5 in the Second^ and 7 in the Last Resort. 

Composition of Supreme Court, 

Art. XVI. The Supreme Court apjxjiuted to try such causes 
as are referred to in Article X, shall be composed ; 

1. Of five Representatives, drawn by lot. 

2. Of three Members of the Senate, elected by that assembly. 

3. Of tho Presidents of the two Courts of Justice. 

4. Of four Magistrates of Arbitration, in their tuni. 

5. Of three citizens, chosen by the public olBcer brought to 
trial. 

Nine members are necessary to pronounce the sentence. 

131 K 2 



3 May, 1815.] AUSTRIA, FBUSSIA, AND BUSSIA. [No. 15 

[Oracow.] 

Proceedings in open Court, in Civil and Criminal Matters. Decision 

of Juries, 

Art. XVII, Civil and criminal causes are to be decided in open 
Court. In the mode of proceeding (and, in the first instance, in 
causes strictly criminal), the institution of Juries shall be intro- 
duced, and adapted to the local situation of the country, and to 
the information and character of the inhabitants. 

Independence of Judicial Order, 
Aht. XVIII. The Judiciary Body is independent 

Conditions of eligihility for Office of Senator^ Judge, or Representa- 
tive of a Commwie. 

Art. XIX. At the expiration of the sixth year, dating from 
the publication of the constitutional charter, the necessary quali- 
fications for becoming a Senator, by the election of the Represen- 
tatives, shall be ; 

1. He must be 35 years of age. 

2. He must have completed his studies in one of the univer- 
sities within the ancient kingdom of Poland. 

3. He must have filled the office of Mayor during two years, 
that of Judge during two years, and that of Representative 
during two sessions of the assembly. 

4. He must have possessed, for a year at least previous to 
the election, an immoveable property, charged with a land-t^ix of 
150 Polish florins. 

The qualifications for a Judge are ; 

1. To be 30 years of age. 

2. To have completed his studies in one of the above-men- 
tioned universities, and to have obtained the degi-ee of Doctor. 

3. To have been with an Attorney for one year, and to have 
practised also with an Advocate for the same period. 

4. To possess immoveable property to the value of 8,000 
Polish florins, which must have been acquired at least a year 
before the election. 

In order to be elected a Judge of the *' Second Instance^'* or 
President of either of the Courts, besides these qualifications, he 
must have filled the office of Judge in the first Court, or that of 
Magistrate of Arbitration for two years, and have been a Repre- 
sentative. 

132 



No. 16] AUSTBU, PRUSSU, AND RUSSIA. [3 May, 1815. 

[Oracow.] 

To be elected Representative of a commune, it is necessary ; 

1. That he shall be 26 years of age. 

2. That he shall have gone through a course of studies at the 
university of Cracow. 

3. That he shall be possessed of immoveable property rated 
at 90 Polish florins, and acquired at least a year before the 
election. 

Eligibility of Functionaries previously in Office in Duchy of Warsaw. 
The qualifications specified in the present Article shall not be 
applicable to those individuals who, during the existence of the 
Duchy of Warsaw, filled situations, by gift of the Crown, or by 
election of the Diet, nor shall they be applicable to those who 
have now obtained them by authority of the contracting Powers. 
These persons shall be fully entitled to be appointed or elected 
to every oflSce. 

Polish Language in Acts of Government^ of Legislation^ and of 
Judicial Courts. 

Art. XX. All Acts of Government, of the Legislature, and of 
the Courts of Justice, shall be in the Polish language. 

Inclusion of the Academy in the General Budget. 

Ajrr. XXI. The revenues and expenditure of the Academy 
shall be included in the general budget of the Free City and 
Territory of Cracow. 

Municipal Militia for Internal Security^ and Police. Gendarmerie 
for security of Roads and Country. 

Art. XXII. The duty of the police and safety of the interior 
shall be performed by a sufficient uumbr" of the municipal mihtia. 
This detachment shall be alternately reneved, and commanded by 
an officer of the line, who, having distinguished himself in the 
service, shall accept such a retirement. 

A sufficient number of gendarmes shall be armed and mounted 
for the protection of the roads and country. 

Done at Vienna, the Ord day of May, in tho year of Our Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTEKNICIL 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE DE RASOUMOFPSKY. 



133 



18 May, 1816.] PEUSSU, &o., AND SAXONY. [No. 16 

[Territorial.] 



No. 16. — TREATY hetween Prussia (Austria, Russia) and 
Saa:oiii/. Siyned at Vienna, \%th May^ 1815.* 



[This Treaty formed Annex IV to the Vienna Congress Treaty of 
9th June, 1815 (No. 27)]. 



Akt. Table. 

Preamble. 

1. Peace and friendbhip. 

2. Cessions to Prussia. 

3. Question of property of residents on frontiers. Maps and landmarks. 

4. Titles of King of Prussia. Retention of titles by King of Saxony, 

5. Evacuation of Saxon territory by Prussian troops. 

6. Settlement of debts, taxes, &c. 

7. Separation of archives, titles, maps, plans, &c., of ceded territorie«. 

Renunciation of feudal rights beyond frontiers. 

8. Retention of soldiers in service of their native country. Emigration. 

Option to oiEcers and aliens in ceded territory to choose between 
Saxon and Prussian services. 

9. Arrangement of debts secured on mortgage. 

10. Arrangement of obligations of iSoarow " Central Sleuer Commission** 

11. Circulation of Saxon paper money (CassenbiUets). 

12. Settlement of accounts between Saxony and the Circus of Cottbus. 

13. Prussia and Saxony. Reciprocal Freedom of Emigration. 

14. Appointment of Prussian and Saxon Commissioners to meet at Dresden. 

15. Mediation of Austria in territorial arrangements between Pnusia and 

Saxony. 

16. Prussia and Saxony. Property of ReligiouB Establishments. 

17. Regulation for navigation of Rivers j Elhe^ &c. 

18. Fulfilment of Saxon contracts for farming revenues, &c. 

19. Annual supply of Salt by Prussia to Saxony free from export duty. 

20. Exemption of farm and other articles from import and export dutaM 

respectively. 

21. Prussia and Saxony, Oenoral Amnesty in Saxony, 

22. Renunciation by Saxony of all claims upon the Duchy of Wdrscnp, Re- 

cognition of Sovereign rights of Russia^ Austria, and Pnufia, over 
certain parts of Duchy. 

23. Restoration by Saxony of Archives, &c., of Duchy of Warsaw, 

24. Debts of Duchy of Warsaw. 

25. Ratifications. 



* Similar Treaties were concluded between Austria and Saxony and 
between Russia and Saxony on the same day. Great Britain acceded to this 
Treaty on the 18th September, 1815. See page 145. 

See Treaty between Prussia and Saxony of 22nd August, 1866. 

134 



Ho. 16] PRUSSIA, &c., AJSD aAXONY. [18 May, 1816. 

[Territorial.] 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Pretuiihle, 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

flis Majesty the King of Prussia on the one part, and His 
Majesty the King of Saxony on the otlier part, animated with the 
desire of renewing the ties of friendship and good understanding 
which have so happily subsisted between their respective States ; 
and being anxious to contribute towards the re-establishment of 
order and tranquillity in Europe, by carrying into effect the 
territorial arrangements stipulated at the Congress of Vienna; 
their said Majesties have named for their Plenipotentiaries, to 
agree upon, conclude, and sign a Treaty of Peace and Friendship, 
viz.; 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Prince Hardenberg, his 
Chancellor of State, &c. ; 

And the Sieur Charles William, Baron de Humboldt, his 
Minister of State, Chamberlain, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty ; 

And His Majesty the King of Saxony, the Sieur Frederic 
Albert, Count de Schulemburg, his Chamberlain, &c. ; 

And the Sieur Hans Augustus Furchtegott de Globig, his 
Chamberlain, Councillor of the Court and of Justice, and Confi- 
dential Referendary ; 

Who, after having exchanged their full powers, found in duo 
form, have agreed upon the following Articles ; 

Peace and Friendship, 

Art. I. From this day there shall be Peace and Friendship 
between His Majesty the King of Prussia on the one part, and 
Hifl Majesty the King of Saxony on the other, their heirs and 
successors, their states and respective subjects, for ever. 

Cessioiis from Saxony to Pntsaiu, 
Akt. II. (Embodied in Vieima Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Article XV.) 

Question of Property of Residents on Frontiers. Maps and Land^ 

marks. 

Art. III. To prevent all injury of Private Property, and to 

protect, upon the most liberal principles, the property of indi- 

• For French yersion, see " Stete Papers," yoL ii, p. 84. 

135 



18 May, 1815 J PRUSSIA, Ac., AND SAXONY. [No. 16 

[Territorial.] 

viduals domiciliated upon the Frontier, His Majesty the King of 
Prussia and His Majesty the King of Saxony shall each appoint 
Commissioners to proceed conjointly in fixing the Limits of the 
countries which are to change Sovereigns, in virtue of the 
arrangements of the present Treaty. 

As soon as the Commissioners shall have executed the duty 
assigned to them, aad the same shall have been approved by the 
two Sovereigns, Maps ishall be constructed and signed by the 
respective Commissioners, and Boundary marks placed to define 
their respective limits. 

Duchy of Saxony, Titles to be borne by the Kvig of Prussia, 

Art. IV. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XVI.) 

Evacuatwn of Saxon Territory by Prussian Troops, 

Art. V. His Majesty the King of Prussia engages that his 
troops shall evacuate the Provinces, Districts, and Territories of 
the kingdom of Saxony which do not pass under his dominion, 
and to cause the administration thereof to be restored to the 
Saxon authorities, in 16 days from the exchange of the Ratifi- 
cations of the present Treaty. 

Setti^ment of Debts^ Taxes, t[c. 

Art. VI. Every arrangement which shall be a necessary and 
indispensable consequence of the cession to Prussia of the Pro- 
vinces and Districts designated in Article II, shall be forthwith 
considered ; such as those which relate to the Archives, Debts, 
Paper Money, or other Obligations of these provinces, as well as 
those of the kmgdom in general ; also, those which relate to the 
Public Funds, to arrears, particularly those of the ordinary Taxes 
and Crown Rents, which have become due during the Prussian 
administration ; to the Landed Property of the religious, civil or 
military public establishments ; to the Army, the artillery ; to 
provisions and warlike stores; to Feudal Rights,* and other 
uiatt<?rs of a similar nature. 

The execution of the present Article shall take place by 
common consent, and Commissioners shall be appointed for this 
purpose by the two Governments. 

^ See ClauBe as to Feudal Bightf in Vienna CongreM Treatjof 9th Jane, 
1816, Art. XIX. 

186 



No. 16] PBUSSU, &o., AND SAXONT. [18 May, 1815. 

[Territorial,] 

Separation of Archives^ TiUes^ Maps, Plans, ^c, of Ceded 
Territories, ^c, Benunciation of Fevdal Bights beyond Frontier. 

Art. VII. The separation of the Records shall be effected in the 
following manner : — The Deeds of the Crown Lands, Documents, 
and Papers relating exclusively to the Provinces, Territories, or 
Places ceded entirely by His Majesty the Ring of Saxony to 
His Majesty the King of Prussia, shall be given up to the 
Prussian Commissioners in three months from the date of the 
exchange of the ratifications. 

The restitution of Plans of Fortresses, and Maps of Towns 
and Countries, shall be made in the same manner, and within the 
same period. Where a province or territory is not wholly 
ceded to Prussia, originals of the documents referring to it shall 
either be delivered to the Prussian Commissioners, or shall remain 
in the hands of the Saxon authorities, according as the greater 
or lesser portion of the province or territory shall have been 
ceded. The party retaining the originals engages to furnish the 
other with legalised copies thereof. The Saxon Government 
shall retain the originals of all acts and papers which, though not 
coming under either of the cases above specified, are of common 
interest to both parties ; engaging, at the same time, to deliver 
to Prussia legalised copies of the same. 

The Piiissian Commissioners shall be enabled to decide which 
of these acts, documents, or papers might be interesting to their 
Government. 

Retention of Soldiers in Service of their Native Country . Emigra* 
turn. Option to Officers and Aliens in Ceded Territory to choose 
between Prussian and Saxati Services. 

Art. VIII. With regard to the Army, it is laid down as a 
principle, that all privates, non-commissioned officers, and other 
military persons below the rank of officers, shall be subject to 
that Power to whom the place of their nativity shall belong. 
Officers of all ranks, not excepting surgeons and chaplains, are at 
liberty to remaui in the service of that Government which they 
shall prefer ; and this privilege shall be also extended to soldiers 
and other military persons below the rank of officers, who are 
not natives of Saxony or Prussia. 

Arrangemefit of Debts secwred on Mortgage, 

Art. IX. The Debts specially mortgaged on the provinces 

187 



18 May, 1816J PBUSSIA, &c., and SAXOmf. [No. 16 

[Territorial.] 

wholly ceded to Piiissia, or remaining under the Goyemment of 
Saxony, shall be liquidated by the Government to whom the said 
provinces shall belong. His Majesty the King of Prussia, and 
His Majesty the King of Saxony, have established the following 
regulation with regard to those Debts which are to be fiquidated 
by the provinces remaining in part to His Majesty the King of 
Saxony, as well as to those which belong to the kingdom in 
general. 

The Debts, for the liquidation of which certain revenues have 
been specially assigned (Funded Debts), either as to capital or 
interest, shall be distinguished from those for which no pro- 
vision has been made. The former description of Debts shall 
follow those revenues, so that the proportion in which such 
revenues fall under the dominion of one or other of the two 
Governments shall also be that in which they shall be divided 
between them. With regard to those Debts, for the liquidation 
of which no certaui revenues have been assigned (Unfunded 
Debts), the grounds upon which they have been contracted shall 
likewise determine to which fund they ought to have been 
assigned ; that is to say, what portion of the revenues shoiild 
have been applied to the payment of interest and to the reim« 
bursement of the capital. Prussia and Saxony shall contribute 
to their liquidation, according to the share they shall receive of 
these revenues. If, contrary to all expectation, a case should 
arise where it would be impossible to decide upon the exact fund 
to which a particular debt should have been assigned, it shall be 
understood, that out of the total amount of the revenues belong- 
ing to the province, establishment, institution, or fund, for the 
accommodation of which such debt shall have been contracted, the 
same shall be discharged ; and it shall be at the charge of the 
two Governments, in proportion to the part of those revenues 
which each of them may receive. The pledges to be withdrawn 
on the reimbursement of the capital for which they had been held 
as a security, shall return to the province, establishment, institu- 
tion, or individual, to whom tliose pledges belonged. Those 
which are the property of a province divided between the two 
Powero, shall be shared according to the proportion which each 
part of such province may have contributed to the liquidation of 
the capital. 

The principles above established concerning Debts shall likewise 
apply to Credits. 

138 



Ho. 16] PEUaSU, ^c, AND SAXONY. [18 May, 1815. 

[Territorial.] 

Arrangement of Ohlirjathns of Saxon " Central Steur.r Commission.** 

Abt. X. His Majesty tho King of Pmssia and His Majesty 
the King of Saxony, acknowledging the necessity of punctually 
fulfilling the engagements entered into for the wants and service 
of the kingdom of Saxony by the Commission styled " Central 
Steuer Commission^'* have agreed, that they shall be mutually 
guaranteed and fulfilled by the two Governments. An equal 
number of Commissioners shall, therefore, be appointed without 
delay on both sides, to liquidate these Debts, to divide them 
according to the regulation established by Article IX, for 
Public Unfunded Debts, and to settle the mode and period of their 
payment. 

Each Government engages to provide means for the discharge 
of these Debts, reserving, however, to themselves, reciprocally, 
to make these payments, either by arrears of taxes, and the 
felling of au extra quantity of timber, upon which these payments 
had been secured, or by other measures affording equal security, 
so that the periods of payment, in anticipation of which the 
arrears of taxes and the felling of timber was given, shall be 
punctually observed. Should, however, the produce of these 
arrears and of this timber prove insufficient to make good these 
stipulated engagements, it is agreed that such produce, as far as 
it concerns the Prussian territory, shall be appropriated, in the 
first instance, to the discharge of those payments, for which the 
Bank and Maritime Society of Prussia are responsible. If, in 
these payments, it shall be necessary to call upon Saxony to con- 
tribute towards their liquidation, and that, unexpectedly, the 
produce of the taxes and tunber in that part of Saxony which is 
to provide for the same, should be insufficient to furnish the two 
above-mentioned establishments with the necessary sums, at the 
time of their becoming due, Prussia agi-ees to grant a delay for 
their payment till the fair of Leipsic, held on St. MichaeFs day of 
the present year. With regard to the other debts, towards the 
payment of which the produce of the taxes and the felling of 
timber is to be employed, His Majesty the King of Prussia and 
ffis Majesty the King of Saxony reserve to themselves, in the 
event of this produce being inadequate to the object in view, to 
enter into an arrangement, either by an amicable understanding 
with the creditors, or by prolonging the periods of payment, and 
facilitating the means of effecting them. 

139 



18 May, 1815.] PRUSSIA, &c., AND SAXONY. [No. 16 

[Territorial.] 

Circulation of Saxon Paper Money (CassenhUlets). 
Art. XL His Majesty the King of PrusBia expreflsly ac- 
knowledges that the paper circulated under the name of " Casseu' 
billets *' shall form part of the debts of the country, which shall 
be divided according to the principles established by Article IX. 
His Prussian Majesty promises, in consequence, to provide for 
the payment of that part which falls to his share ; and being 
desirous, equally with His Majesty the King of Saxony, to adopt 
such measures as may tend as much as possible to the welfare of 
their respective subjects, they mutually engage to form such an 
arrangement, with regard to this paper, as shall establish its 
credit in both temtories. With this view, the two Governments 
have agreed to estabUsh a joint office for " CassenhiUets^** which 
shall be open at least until the-lstof September of this year; and 
each Government shall place at the disposal thereof, funds neces- 
sary for supporting the credit of this paper. They have also 
agreed that the regulations subsisting with regard to these 
" Cassenbillets,** as to their acceptance at the public offices and 
other places, shall be in force during the above period, as well in 
that part of the kingdom of Saxony ceded to Prussia, as in that 
which remains to His Majesty the King of Saxony; and no 
change shall be made therein, except by common consent. 

Settlement of Accounts between Saxo^iy and the circus of CoHbus. 
Art. XII. His Majesty the King of Saxony having claims, 
either on account of revenues due from the circle of Cottbus, or 
on account of advances made to this circle, the Commission esta- 
blished by Article XIV shall take them into their special considera- 
tion, and apply to them the principles established in the present 
Treaty for the regulation of subjects of a similar nature. 

Reciprocal Freedom of Emigration, 
Art. XI XL (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art. XX.) 

Ajypoiutment of Prnssian and Sa^ou Commissioners to meet at 

Dresden. 
Art. XIV. His Majesty the King of Prussia and His Majesty 
the Khig of Saxony shall immediately appoint Commissioners to 
determine, in an exact and detailed manner, the points which 
form the subject of this Act, from Articles VI to XIII, and from 
XVI to XX. This Commission shall assemble at Dresden, and 

140 



No. 16] PRUSSIA, &c., AND SAXONY. [18 May, 1815. 

[Territorial.] 

their labours shall be completed at latest in 3 months, dating 
from the exchange of the ratifications of this Treaty. 

Mediaiian of Austria in Territorial Arrangements between Prussia 

and Saxony. 

Abt. XV. His Majesty the Emperor of Austria having offered 
his Mediation in every arrangement, between the Courts of Prussia 
and Saxony, rendered necessary in consequence of the territorial 
cessions stipulated in Article II ; His Majesty the Bang of Saxony 
and His Majesty the King of Prussia accept this Mediation, both 
in regard to the general and particular arrangements entrusted 
to the Commissions mentioned in Articles III and XIV. 

His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty engages, in con- 
sequence, to appoint without delay a Commissioner, invested with. 
Full Powers, to assist in the labours of the said Commissions. 

Property of Beligious Establishments. 

Abt. XVI. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XXL) 

BeguLaiion of Navigation of Rivers ; Elbe,* j-c. 

Abt. XVH. The general principles which have been adopted 
at the Congress of Vienna for the Free Navigation of Rivers 
(No. 11), shall serve as a guide to the Commission appointed 
in virtue of Article XIV, to regulate without delay, whatever 
relates to navigation ; and shall be particularly applied to that of 
the Elbe, and floats of wood, and rafts of timber,' as also to the 
waters known by the names of Elster-Werdaer-Floss-Graben, 
the Schwarze-Elster, and the Weisse-Elster ; as well as to that 
of the Floss-Graben, which flows from this latter River. 

Fulfilment of Saxon Contracts for Farming Revenues, ^e. 
Art. XVIII. His Majesty the King of Prussia engages to 
fulfil the Contracts made between the Government and the farmers 
of Crown Lands or Land Revenues, in the provinces and territories 
ceded in virtue of Article II, the leases of which are not yet 
expired. 

Annual Supply of Salt by Prussia to 'Stixony free from Export Duty. 

AJ8T. XIX. His Majesty the King of Prussia promises to f ur- 

• See Treaty between Prussia, Saxony, &c., of 23rd June, 1821 ; and 
between Austria, &o., and Hanoyer of 18th April, 1841; and Q-reat Britain 
and HanoTer of 22nd July, 1844 

141 



18 May, 1815.] PRUSSIA, &c., AND SAXONY. [Ho. 16 

[Territorial.] 

nish annually to the Saxon Government, and the latter engages to 
receive, 150,000 quintals of Salt (the quintal calculated at 110 
pounds market weight of Berlin), for a sum which, withont 
augmenting the present price paid by Saxon subjects, shall secure 
to His Majesty the King of Saxony a duty as nearly equal as 
possible to that which he received on the sale of each quintal of 
Salt, immediately previous to the last war. 

The Commission which shall assemble in virtue of Article XIV, 
shall regulate, according to this principle, the price of the quintal, 
as also the number of years during which it shall continue at 
that price ; and at the expiration of such period, a new regulation 
shall be made by common consent, both with regard to the quan- 
tity and the price of the Salt. 

The quantity of 150,000 quintals, sold yearly, may be increased, 
upon the demand of the Saxon Government (of which demand, if 
the increase is to be 50,000 quintals, six months' notice, at least, 
shall be given ; if it shall exceed that quantity, a year's notice) to 
250,000 quintals; which the Prussian Government engages to 
furnish on the same conditions, as the minimum above-mentioned. 
It is understood that, at the expiration of the period agreed upon, 
the minimum of 150,000 quintals shall not, under any circum- 
stances, be reduced at the pleasure of either party, and that the 
principle established respecting the price, by the present Article, 
shall again form the basis of the new regulation. 

The Salt which the Saxon Government shall receive, in virtue 
of the present Article, shall be supplied from the salt-works of 
Durrenberg and Koesen ; and in case the quantity above-men- 
tioned should not be procured from these salt-works, it shall l)o 
furnished from the Prussian salt-works nearest to the frontiers of 
Saxony. 

No export duty shall be paid on the Salt wliich the Prussian 
Government shall furnish to Saxony in virtue of this Article, on 
its conveyance from the works to the frontiers, nor shall any 
other duties whatever be paid thereon, except those levied at the 
baniers, bridges, canals, or locks, than are paid by Prussian 
subjects on the same route, and for the same modes of con- 
veyance. 

E^rniqytioii of Farm and other Articles from Impoii and Export 
IhUies respectively. 

Art. XX. The exemption from export duties, referred to at 

142 



No. 16] PRUSSU, Ac., AND SAXONY. [18 May, 1815. 

[TnTitorial.] 

the conclusion of the preceding Article, in respect to Salt, shall be 
extended with the same modification, by the Prussian and Saxon 
Oovemments respectively, to the exportation and importation 
from one territory to the other, of grain, of fuel of every description, 
of timber, lime, slates, mill-stones, bricks, and stone of all kinds, 
whether these articles are purchased by subjects of the two 
(Jovemments, or by the Oovemments themselves. 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, and His Majesty the King 
of Saxony, at the same time, mutually engage never to prohibit 
or interrupt the exportation of the said articles. 

General Amnesty in Saxony, 
Art. XXI. (Embodied in General Treaty (No. 27) as Art. 
XXII.) 

JRenunciaiian hy Saxony of all Claiina upon {he Ihichy of Wa/raaw. 
Art. XXII. His Majesty the King of Saxony renounces for 
himself, his heirs and successors, as well as for the Princes of his 
House, their heirs and successors, for ever, every claim arising 
from Crown or other property, which might 1)e derived from the 
possession of the Duchy of Warsaw. 

Becogniiion of Sovereign Bights of Austria^ Prussia, and Russia 
over certain Portions of the Duchy, 
ffis Majesty recognizes the rights of Sovereignty over that 
country, such as they are stipulated by the Treaty of Vienna, of 
the 21st April (3rd May) of the present year (Nos. 12, 13), for the 
Provinces which pass under the sceptre of His Majesty the Emi^eror 
of all the Russias, with the title of King of Poland ; for those 
Parts which revert to His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, on 
the right bank of the Vistula ; as well as for the Provinces to be 
possessed by His Majesty the King of Prussia, under the title 
of Grand Duchy of Posen. 

Restoration hy Saxony of Archives, ^c, of Duchy of Warsaw, 
Art. XXIII. His Majesty the King of Saxony engages, that 
the Records, Maps, Plans, and all Documents whatever belonging 
to the Duchy of Warsaw, shall be faithfully restored. This 
n»fltitution shall take place within 6 months from the day of the 
exchange of the Ratifications of the present Treaty. 

Dehis of Duchy of Warsaw. 
Art. XXIV. His Majesty the King of Saxony is released from 

143 



18 May, 18160 PRUSSIA, Ac., AND SAXONY. [No. 16 

[Territorial.] 

all responsibility and charge whatever, with regard to the pay« 
ment of debts contracted on account of the Duchy of Warsaw, by 
consent of the Ministry of Finance, or other public officers of that 
country ; particularly from all obligations imposed upon him by 
the Convention of Bayonne,* which is annulled, and from the loan 
obtained on the Salt mines of Wieliczka. 

With regard to the 2,550,193 florins, claimed as having been 
transferred from the treasury of Saxony into that of the Duchy of 
Warsaw; as it is stipulated by the Treaty signed the 21st 
April (3rd May), between Prussia, Austria, and Russia, that a 
Commission of liquidation, composed of Russian, Austrian, and 
Prussian Commissioners, should immediately assemble at Warsaw, 
and that the 8 Courts have invested this Commission with 
the necessary authority to inquire into the exterior and interior 
debt, and also their claims and charges against each other ; the 
above claim shall be disposed of in the same manner. The claims 
on the part of Saxony, to that sum, shall undergo the same 
examination, and shall be submitted to the said Commission, to 
which His Majesty the King of Saxony shall be at liberty to send 
an accredited Commissioner on his part, who shall assist in their 
deliberations. 

Batiflcatiwis. 

Art. XXV. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the acta 
of Ratification exchanged in three days, or sooner, if possible. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and have affixed thereunto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the 18th May, in the year of Our Liord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 

(L.S.) LE BARON DB HUMBOLDT. 

(L.S.) LE COUNT SCHULENBURG. 

(L.S.) DE GLOBIG. 

• lOtli May, 1808. 



144 



No. 16] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND SAXOl^Y. [18 May, 1815- 
[Territorial.] 

TREATY of Accession of Great Britain^ to the Territorial 
Treaty between Saxony and Prussia {Austria and Russia)^ 
of 18<A May, 1815. Signed at Paris, Uth September^ 1815. 

A&T. Table. 

FreAmble. Reference to Tiexma Cong;re88 Treaty of 9th June, 1815. 

1. Aocesflion of Chreat Britain to Territorial Treaty between Pruttia and 

Siixony. 

2. Acceptance of Accession by King of Saxony. 

3. RatifioationB. 

(English Version.*) 

In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

Reference to Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815. 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, having agreed to the arrangements made 
respecting Saxony and the Duchy of Warsaw, by the Great Act of 
Congress, signed on the 9th day of June'Iast (No. 27), and also 
by the Treaty of the 18th of May thereto annexed, and herein- 
after particularly set forth ; and His Majesty the King of Saxony, 
desirous of procuring the immediate Accession of His Britannic 
Majesty to the said Treaty of the 18th of May, having invited 
His said Majesty and His said Majesty having agreed, to accede 
thereto by a direct Treaty with His Saxon Majesty, their said 
Majesties have named : 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, the Right Honourable Robert Stewart, Viscount 
Castlereagh, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, one 
of His Majesty's Privy Council, a Member of Parliament, Colonel 
of the Regiment of Londonderry Militia, and Principal Secretary 
of State for Foreign Affairs ; 

And His Majesty the King of Saxony, Count de Schulenburg, 
a Privy Counsellor, Chamberlain of His said Majesty, &c. ; 

Who, having exchanged their respective Full Powers, have 
agreed upon the following Articles : — 

Accession of Great Britain to Territorial Treaty between Prussia 
and Saxony. 

Art. I. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, accedes to all the Stipulations of the Treaty 

• For French Temion, see " State Papers,** vol. ii, p. 871. 
145 L 



/ 



/ 



18 May, 1815.] aSBAT BRITAIN, &0., AND SAXONY. [Mo. 16 
[T«nrltori*L] 

entered into between their Majesties the Kings of Prussia and 
Saxony, bearing date the 18th of May, 1815, and also between 
His said Majesty the King of Saxony and the Emperors of Austria 
and Russia respectively, as hereinafter inserted. 

[Here follows the Treaty of 18th May, 1815. Page 134.] 

Acceptance of Accession by King of Saxony. 

Art. II. His Majesty the King of Saxony accepts of the 
above Accession, and renews to His Majesty the King of the 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Engagements 
therein contained, and engages to fulfil and execute, in the whole 
and every part thereof, all the Stipulations of the said Treaty 
which His Saxon Majesty has on his part, therein stipulated to 
fulfil and execute. 

Ratificaiiom. 

Abt. III. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
^tions exchanged in the term of three months, (x sooner if 
possible. 

In witness whereof, the respective Flenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and have affixed thereunto the Seals dL their Anna. 

Done at Paris, this 18th of September, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DB SCHULENBURG. 

[A similar Treaty of Accession between France and Saxonj 
was signed oa the same day.] 



146 



No. 17] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND SAXONY. [18 May, 1816. 
[House of Schonlmrr.] 

No. 11.— DECLARATION of the King of Scutony, re- 
specting the Rights of the House of Schonburg. Jlenna^ 
ISth May, 1815. 

[This Declaration formed Annex V to the Vienna Congress Treaty 
of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Preamble. Confirmation and Guarantee hj the 6 Powers of the PriTileges of 
the Hoose of the Princes of Schdnbury recognised bj Saxony in the SSeh 
of 4th May, 1740. 

Declaration by Saxony for obserrance thereof, and for recognition of advan- 
tages and rights which may be assured to the Princes and Courts of 
Sckdnburg by the Qermanio Confederation. Fulfihnent by Saxony of 
JUche of 4th May, 1740. 

Acceptance of the Declaration by the 5 Powers, 29th May, 1816. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Preamble, Canfirmatuni and Ouarantee by the 5 Powers of the 

Privileges of the House of the Princes of Schonburg recognised 

by Saxony in Hie Reces of 4th May, 1740,t 

Qis Majesty the King of Saxony being willing to conform to 
the arrangements made by the Courts of Russia, Austria, 
France, Great Britain, and Prussia, relative to the House of 
Schonburg, as contained in the following Article, which forms 
Article XXXIII of those Articles that have been communicated 
to His said Majesty at Presburg, viz. : 

" Article. The High Contractuig Parties, in expressly reserving 
to the House of the Piinces of Schonburg the Rights which shall 
in future belong to that Family, in consequence of the rank it 
holds in the Germanic Confederation, confirm and guarantee to 
them respectively, in regard to their possessions in the Kingdom 
of Saxony, all the prerogatives which the Royal House of Saxony 
has recognised in the Eeces of the 4th of May, 1740, concluded 
between Saxony and the House of Schonburg," Declares : — 

Declaration by Saxony for observance thereof and for recognition of 
Advantages and Fights which may be assured to the Princes and 
Courts of Schonburg by the Germanic Confederation, 

I. That he engages to the Five Powers above mentioned, to 

• For French rersion see " Slate Papers," toI. ii, p. 93. 
t See Appendix. 

147 L 2 



18 May, 1815.] OREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND SAXONY. [No. 17 

[House of fikhonbiirflr*] 

acknowledge the Advantages and Rights which shall be secured in 
the Germanic League to the Princes and Counts of Schonburg, 
which shall, however, not affect the Rights which the Court of 
Saxony exorcises over the possessions of tlie said House. 

Fuljibnent hy Saxony of Reces of^th May^ 1740.* 

II. His Majesty the King of Saxony engages also to the Five 
Powers, for himself and his successors, to fulfil, and to cause to 
be fulfilled, for ever, and in their full extent, the stipulations con- 
tained in the Reces of the 4th May, 1740. 

The present Declaration shall have the same force and 
validity as if it had been inserted in the Treaty concluded this 
day between His said Majesty and their Majesties the Emperor 
of Austria, the Emperor of Russia, and the King of Prussia. 
Done at Vienna, the 18th May, 1815. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE SCHULENBURO. 
(L.S.) DE GLOBIG. 



Act of Acceptation of the above Declaration hy the 5 Powers. 
Vienna, 22th May, 1815. 

(Translation.) 
Tms Undersigned Plenipotentiaries of Austria, Russia, France, 
Great Britain, and Prussia, formally accept, on the part of their 
respective Coui-ts, the above Declaration, made in the name of 
His Majesty the King of Saxony, to the end that the engage- 
ments tiierein contained shall have the same force as if they had 
been textual ly inserted in the Treaty concluded on the 18th May 
between the above Courts and His Majesty the King of Saxony. 
Done at Vienna, the 29th May, 1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) CLANCARTY. 
(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE RASOUMOPPSKY. 

• See Appendix. 



148 



No. 18] QHKAT BBITAI^^ NETHERLANDS. Aa [19 Ifaji 1815. 
[BoasUn-Dntoh X«oab.] 



Mo. y&.-CONVENTION hetxcem Great Britain and the 
Netherlands and Busmi, respecting the Rtudan-Dutch Loan. 
"Signed at Landan, 19th May, 1815. 

Aw. Table, 

Frnmbie. 

1. Poitionof Loan to be bom© by Great Britain uid the Netherlands. 

2. Intervt and Sinkizig Fond. 

3. ModeofPajment 

4. Bnttia to be securitj to Creditors, aud t3 Admmifter the Lomh. Oreai 

Britain and the Setkerlands liable to Bmeeia tor their reepectiTe 

Proportions. 
9 Pa)inenti bj Great Britain and the Keikerlande to ceM6 on Belgie Pro- 

RMef being aerered from the KetkeHande : bnt not to ceaae io caae 

of War. 
S. Batifbtions. 

Additional Article. 

Pijneutg to be made in c af c of part of Belgie JProttncet being serercd 

^m Dominiona of Belgium. 
Pijments to be made in case of Inrasion or Temporaiy Occupation of 

B^gie Prtmneee. 
fiatification. 

(TraDslatioD as laid before Parliament.*) 

Preamble, 
In the name of the Mo^ Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

fill Majesty the King of the Netherlands being desirous, upon 

tte final Re-union of the Belgie Provinces with Holland, to render 

^ ^e Allied Powers, who were Parties to the Treaty concluded 

atChaumont on the Ist of March, 1 81 4, f a suitable return for the 

myy expense incurred by them in delivering the said Territories 

^ ^he power of the enemj- ; and the said Powers having, in 

^'^'^ration of arrangements made with each other, mutually 

6^^ to waive their several pi-etensions under this head in 

^^ of Ilis Majesty the Emperor of All the Kussias, His said 

^jj^y the King of the Netherlands has thereupon resolved to 

(/^^^ immediately to execute with His Imperial Majesty a 

^tition to the following effect, to which His Britannic 

t ^^ French yeraion see " State Papers," vol. ii, p. 878. 
^^^ Appendix. 

149 



18 May, 1819J OBEAT BBITAIN, NETHSaLANDS, Ac. [Ho. 18 
[BoasUn-Dutch X«oab.] 

Majesty agrees to be a party in pursuance of engagements taken 
by His said Majesty with the King of the Netherlands, in a Conven- 
tion signed at London on the 13th day of August, 1814 (No. 5). 

In consequence thereof, the Three said High Contracting 
Parties have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries, namely : His 
Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, the Right Honourable Robert Stewart, Viscount Castle- 
reagh, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, one of His 
said Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, &a ; 

His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, the Sieur Chris- 
topher Count de Lieven, his Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary to His Britannic Majesty, &c. ; and 

His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, the Sieur Henry 
Baron Fagel, a Member of the Corps des Nobles of the Province 
of Holland, his Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 
to His Britannic Majesty, &c. ; 

Who, after having mutually exchanged their Full Powers, 
found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following 
Articles : 

Portion of Loan to be borne by Great Britain and the Netherlands. 

Art. I. His Majesty the King of the Netherlands hereby 
engages to take upon himself a part of the capital and arrears of 
interests, to the 1st of January, 1816, of the Russian Loan made 
in Holland through the intervention of the House of Hope and 
Co. in Amsterdam, to the amount of 25,000,000 of florins, Dutch 
currency; the annual mterest of which sum, together with an 
annual payment for the liquidation of the same, as hereafter 
specified, shall be borne by, and become a charge upon the King- 
dom of the Netherlands. 

And His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, engages on his pail, to recommend to his 
Parliament to enable him to take upon himself an equal capital 
of the said Russian Loan, viz., 25,000,000 of florins, Dutch cur- 
i-ency; the annual interest of which sum, together with an 
annual payment for the liquidation of the same, as hereafter 
specified, shall be borne by, and become a charge upon the 
Government of His Britannic Majesty.* 

• See Act of Parliament, 55 Qtw. HI, c. 115, 28th June, 1815; and 
Statement at page 154. 

150 



Ho. 18] aHEAT BRITAIN, NETUEBLANDS, Ac. [19 May, 1816 
[BuMian-Dutoh Loan.] 

Interest and Sinking Fund, 

Akt. II. The future charge to which their said Belgic and 
Britannic Majesties sliall be i*espectively liable in equal shares on 
account of the said debt, is to consist of an annual Interest of Five 
per cent, on the said capitals, each of 25,000,000, together with a 
sinking fund of one per cent, for the extinction of the same, the 
said sinking fund being subject, however, to be increased on the 
demand of the Russian Govemnient, to any annual sum not 
exceeding three per cent. ; the same to be payable till the capital 
of the said debt shall be fully discharged, when the aforesaid 
charge for interests and sinking fund shall wholly cease to be 
borne by their said Belgic and Britannic Majesties respectively. 

Mode of Payment, 

Akt. III. Their said Belgic and Britamiic Majesties respec- 
tively bind themselves, on or before the usual day or days in each 
year, on which the interest on the said debt shall be due and 
payable, to deposit with the agent of the Russian Government in 
Holland, their respective proportions of the said hiterest and 
sinking fund, as above specified; provided always, that pre- 
viously to the advance of each successive instalment so to be 
paid, the said agent shall be authorised to furnish a certificate to 
each of the said two High Contracting Parties, declaring that the 
preceding instalment has been duly applied in discharge of the 
interest, and in reduction of the principal of the said debt: 
together with the corresponding payments, on account of the 
Russian Government on that part of the debt which shall remain 
a charge on the said Government. 

Russia to he security to Creditors^ and to administer the Loan. 
Great Britain and the J^etherlands liable to Russia for tlieir 
respective proportions. 

Art. IV. The Russian Government shall continue, as hereto- 
fore, to be security to the creditors for the whole of the said loan, 
and shall be charged with the admuiistration of the same ; the 
Governments of the King of the Netherlands and of His Britannic 
Majesty remainmg liable and bound to the Government of His 
Imixjrial Majesty, each for the punctual discharge, as above, of 
the respective propoitions of the said charge. 

151 



19 May, 1815.] gbeat bbitaik, ketheblands, &c. [No. 18 

[Btuisian-Dutch Z«oan.] 

Payments hy the Netherlands and Oreai Britain to oeaee on Belgie 
Provinces being severed from the Netherlands, 
Art. V. It is hereby understood and agreed between the 
High Contracting Parties, that the said payments on the part of 
their Majesties the King of the Netherlands and the King of 
Great Britain, as aforesaid, shall cease and determine, should the 
possession and Sovereignty (which Grod forbid) of the Belgie 
Provinces at any time pass or be severed from the dominions of 
His Majesty the King of the Netherlands previous to the com- 
plete liquidation of the same.* 

Payments not to cease in case of War. 
It is also understood and agreed between the High Contract- 
ing Parties, that the payments on the part of their Majesties the 
King of the Netherlands and the King of Great Britain, as afore- 
said, shall not be interrupted in the event (which God forbid) of 
a War-breaking out between any of the three High Contracting 
Parties ; the Government of His Majesty the Emperor of All the 
Bussias being actually bound to its creditors by a similar agree- 
ment. 

Ratifications, 
Art. VI. The present Convention sTiall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications thereof shall be exchanged at London in six weeks, 
or sooner if possible. 

In faith whereof we the Undersigned, in virtue of our Pull 
Powers, have signed the present Convention, and afSxed thereto 
the Seal of our Arms. 

Done at London, the 19th day of May, in the year of Our 
Lord, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L.S.) LIEVEN. 
(L.S.) H. FAGEL. 

* See also Additional Article, page 153. The Union between the Nether- 
lands and Belgium was dissolved bj the Treaty between tbe 5 Powers and 
Belgium of 15th November, 1831 ; and on the 16th November, 1831, a Con- 
vention was concluded between Great Britain and Bussia, relative to the 
Bussian-Dutch Loan, which was carried into effect by an Act of Parliament, 
2 and 8 Wm. IV, c. 81, Srd August, 1832. On the ^th August, 1850, a 
Convention was concluded between the Netherlands and BuBsia respecting 
the ancient Bussian Debt. 



152 



Ho. 18] OBEAT BBITAIN, NETHEBLANDS, &o. [19 May, 1815. 
[BtuisianoDutcli Loan.] 

Additional Abticlb. 

PaymenU to he made in case of Part of Belgic Provinces being 
Severed from the Dominions of Belgium, 
In OTder to prevent any doubts that might hereafter arise, 
with respect to the meaning and operation of Article V* of the 
Convention this day signed, it is mideratood and agreed between 
the 3 High Contracting Parties, that in the event of a part of 
the Belgic Provinces being at any time hereafter severed from the 
Dominions of EQs Belgic Majesty, a proportionate reduction only 
of the charge agreed to be borne by their Majesties the King of 
the Netherlands, and the King of Great Britain, to be calculated 
according to the Population of the Districts so severed, shall 
thereupon take place ; the residue of the respective payments 
continuing to be regularly defrayed, as provided for in the said 
Convention. 

Payments to he made in case of Invasion or Temporary Occupation of 
Belgic Provinces. 
It is further understood and agreed, that the invasion or tem- 
porary occupation of the said Provinces, by an enemy, shall not 
be considered as determining any part of the said payments, 
unless continued beyond the period of a year ; in which case it 
shall be competent for their said Majesties the King of the 
Netherlands, and the King of Great Britain, to suspend their 
respective payments, subject to accoimt with the Government of 
His Imperial Majesty, upon the expulsion or evacuation of the 
said Provinces by the enemy, for the whole, or such proportion 
of the said Arrears as may correspond with the state of posses- 
sion in which His Majesty the King of the Netherlands may at 
such period find himself established. 

Batifications, 
This Additional Article shall be ratified on the same day as 
the Convention signed on this day ; and it shall have the same 
force and validity as if it were inserted word for word in the said 
Convention. 

In faith whereof, we, the Undersigned, in virtue of our Full 
Powers, have signed the present Additional Article, and affixed 
thereto the Seal of our Arms. 

• See page 152. 
153 



19 May, 1815.] OBEAT BBITAIK, KETHEBLAKDS, Slo, [Ho. 18 
[BoasiAn-Di&tch LoMi.] 

Done at London, the 19th of May, in the year of Our Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L.S.) H. FAGEL. 
(L.S.) LIEVEN. 



(Annex.) — Statement of the Capital^ Interest, mid Sinking Fund^ 
of that part of the Hvssian Debt in Holland^ to be provided for 
by Great Britain^ in pursuance of the preceding Convention, 

Sterling, at the par of 
Dutoh Guilders. Eleven Guilders. 

Capital 25,000,000 

Interest at 6 per cent 1,250,000 

BinkingFund at 1 per cent 250,000 

Total Annual Charge . . Gldrs. 1,500,000 



X 



2,272,727 5 


6A 


113,636 7 
22,727 6 




£136,363 12 


8A 



154 



No. 10] AUSTBIA, &c., AND 8ABDINIA [20 May, 1815. 



No, \9.— TREATY between Austria {Great Britain^ 
Riismtj Prussia, and France) and Sardinia, Signed at 
Vienna, 20th May, 1815. 

[This Treaty formed Annex XIII to the Vienna Oong^ress 
Treaty of 9th Juno, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Tablk. 

Preamble. 

1. Frontiers of the States of the King of Sardinia, Ishmd of Caprqja, 

2. Union of the States of Gettoa with the States of the King of SardkUa. 
8. Title of King of Sardinia; Duke of Genoa, 

4. Bights and Priyileges of Genoese, See also Annex A.A. 

5. Union of the Imperial Fiefe to Sardinia, Imperial Fiefi, 

6. Bights of Fortifying. 

7. Savoy, Cession bjKing of Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva, See also 

Annex B.B. 

8. Stoitzerland and Sardinia, Neutrality of Chablaii and Famd^^, Passage 

of Troops. 

9. Treaty to form part of Definitiye Arrangement. 
10. Batifications. 

A. A. Conditions (annexed to Article IV of the Treaty of the 20th 
May, 1815), which are to serve as the Bases oftJie Union of the 
Genoese States to those of His Sardinian Majesty, (Page 159.) 

1. Genoese to enjoy equal Priyileges with Sardinians. 

2. Genoese Militaiy to be incorporated with Boyal Troops. 

3. Arms and Colours of Genoa, 

4. Be-establishment of Free Port of Genoa. 

5. Proyindal Council. Election of President of Council. Be-eleotion of 

Members. Duties of the Council. Time of Assembly of Councils. 
Extraordinary Assembly of Councils. Bight of Intendant of the 
Proyince to a seat in the Assembly. Leyy of New Taxes. Vote of 
President. Assent of Proyincial Councils to Leyy of New Taxes. 
Majority of Votes. 

6. Maximum of Taxes. 

7. Public Debt Guaranteed. 

S. CiyU and MUitary Pensions. Pensions to Clergy and indlyiduak of 

Beligious Institutions ; and to Genoese Nobles. 
9. Supreme Tribunal to be called a Senate. 

10. Currency. 

11. Leyy of Troops. 

12. Genoese Body Guard. 

155 



I 



20 May, 1815.] AUSTBIA, &c., A^D SABDII9IA. [Ho. 19 

[Oenoa, Oenera, See.} 

Abt. Table. 

13. Formation and Duties of a Municipal Body. 

14. Univenitj of Oenoa, 

16. Tribunal and Chamber of Commerce. 

16. Persons in Office. 

17. Bank of St. George. 

B.B. Cession made hy His Majesty the King of Sardinia to the 
Canton of Geneva, Annexed to Article VII of the Treaty of 
the 20th May, 1815. (Page 164.) 

1. Parts of Savoy ceded to Canton of Geneva. 

2. Free Communication between the Canton of Geneva and the Valait, 

Free Communication for Oenevete Troops between Territory of 
Geneva and Jurisdiction of Juety, 

3. Free Exercise of Boman Catholic Beligion in ceded States. 

4. DeUvery of Title Deeds of Landed Property, Ac. 

6. Treaty of 3rd June, 1754, Confirmed. Article XIII Annulled. 

6. Conyeyance of Articles of Consumption for the Canton of Geneva. 

7. Exemption from Transit Duties. Exceptions. 

Additional and Separate Article to the Territorial Treaty between 
Austna and Sardinia^ of 20th May^ 1815. 

Confirmation of Sardinian right of Beversion to Duchy Flaeeniia, under 
Treaties of Aix-la-Chapelle, 1748, and Paris, 1763. Further Agree- 
ment on termination of Negotiations respecting Parma and Placentia, 

Eyentual Transfer of Fortress of Placentia^ with a Badius, by Sardinia to 
Austria, for an equivalent. 

Batifications. 

(TraDslalion as laid before Parliament.*) 

Preamble, 

lu the Dame of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

His Majesty the King of Sardinia, Ac, Ac, being restored 
to the full and entire possession of his Continental States, in the 
same manner as he possessed them on the 1st of January, 17^2, 
with the exception of the part of Savoy ceded to France by the 
Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), and certain 
changes having since been agreed upon, during the Congress of 
Vienna (No. 27), relative to the extent and limits of the said 
States. 

His Majesty the Emperor of A^ustria and His Majesty the King 
of Sardinia, wishing to confirm and establish, by a formal Treaty, 
everything relating to these points, have in consequence named 
for their Plenipotentiaries, viz. : 

• For French rersion, see " State Papers," toI. ii, p. 162. 
156 



Mo. 191 AUSTRIA, Ac., AND SARDINIA. [20 May, 1815. 

[Qcnoa, Omiflrra, fto.] 

HU Majesty tlie Emperor of Austria, King of Iluiigary and 
Bohemia, the Sieur Clement- Venoeslas-Lothai re, Prince de Metter- 
nich-Winnebourg-Ochsenhausen, Chamberiain, intimate and 
actual Councillor of His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, Ilia 
^linister of State, of Conferences, and of Foreign iVffairs, his 
First Plenipotentiary at the Congress, Ac. : 

And the Siear John Philip, Baron de Wessenberg, Chamberlain, 
and iotiinate and actual Councillor of Ilis Imperial and Royal 
Apostolic Majesty, His Second Plenipotentiary at the Congress, &c. : 

And His Majesty the King of Sardinia, &c., &c., the Sieurs 
Don Anthony Maria Philip Asinari, Marquis de St. Marsan and de 
Carail, Count de Castigliole, Cartosio, and Castelletto, Val d'Erro, 
His Minister of State, and Principal Secretary for the War De- 
partoent, and His First Plenipotentiary at the Congress, &c. : 

And Count Don Joachim Alexander Rossi, Knight Grand 
0ro83, His Majesty's Councillor, and his Envoy Extraordinary" 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court of His Imperial and 
%al Apostolic Majesty, and his Second Plenipotentiary at the 
Congress, &c. : 

Who, in virtue of the full powers produced by them at the 
Congress of Vienna, found to be in due and proper fonn, have 
*pwd upon the following Articles : 

frontiers of the States of the King of Sard in ut. Island of 
Capraja, 

Akt. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art.LXXXV.) 

^nioii of the States of Genoa with the States of the King of 
Sardinia. 

^. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
^UXXVL) 

Title of King of Sardinia ; Duke of Oenoa, 

Akt. III. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
^- LIXXVII.) 

Bights and Priv^ileges of Oenoesc, 

Aht. IV. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
^ft- LXXXVIII.) 

157 



20 May, 1816.] AUBTKIA, Ac, AND SARDINIA. [No. 19 

[Oenoa, Oeneva, fto.] 

Union of the ^^ Im])enal Fiefs ^' to Sardinia. Litjurian Republic. 
Art. V. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXXXIX.) 

Kighi of Fortifying. 

Art. VI. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XC.) 

Savoy. Cession by the King of Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva. 

Art. VII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XCI.) 

Smtzerland and Sardinia. Neutrality of Chablais and Fattcigny. 
Passage of Troops. 
Art. VIII. (Embodied in Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XCII.) 

Treaty to form part of Definitive Arrangement. 
Art. IX. The present Treaty shall form part of the Definitive 
Arrangements of the Congress of Vienna. 

Batifications. 

Art. X. The Ratifications of the present Treaty shall be 
exchanged in six weeks, or sooner, if possible. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have nigncd 
the present Treaty, and have afiixed thei^imto the Seal of their 
Anns. 

Done at Vienna the 20th of May, in the year of Cm- Lord, 1815. 

(Signed) (L.S.) LB PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 

(L.S.) LE MARQUIS DE ST. MARSAN. 

(L.S.) LE BARON DE WESSENBERO. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE DE ROSSI. 

[N.B. — ^Treaties contaiuingthe same stipulations, and bearing 
the same date, were concluded and signed between the King 
of Sardinia and the Courts of London, BerUn, Petcrsburgh, and 
Paris.] 



158 



No. 19] AV9TBJX &a., AND SABDINIA. [20 Hay, 181B. 

Annex A. A. Conditions annexed to Article IV^ of the Treaty 
of the iOth May^ 1815, which are to eerve ae a Baeee of 
the Union of the Genoese States to those of His Sardinian 
Majesty. 

Genoese to enjoy equal Privileges with Sardinians. 

Akt. I. The Genoese shall in every respect be placed upon the 
same footing with the other subjects of the King. They shall be 
equally eligible with them to civil, judicial, military, and diplo- 
matic employments of the monarchy, and, excepting the Privileges 
which are hereafter granted and guaranteed to them, they shall 
be subject to the same laws and regulations, with such modifica* 
tions as His Majesty shall judge it expedient to introduce. 

The Genoese nobility shall be admitted, equally with the 
nobility of the other parts of the monarchy, to the principal 
offices and employments of the Couri;, 

Genoese Military to be incorporated witJi Royal Troops. 

Abt. II. The Genoese Military, at present composing the 
troops of Genoa, shall be incorporated with the royal troops ; the 
officers and non-conrniissioned officers shall retain their respective 
ranka 

Arms and Colours of Genoa. 

Art. III. The Arms of Genoa shall be introduced in the royal 
escutcheon, and its colours into the flag of His Majesty. 

Re-establishment of Free Port of Genoa. 
Abt. IV. The Free Port of Genoa shall be re-established with 
the regulations which existed under the ancient Government of 
Genoa. Every facility shall be given by the King to the transit, 
through his States, of merchandise proceeding from that Free 
Port, under such restrictions as His Majesty shall judge expedient 
for preventing the said merchandise being illicitly sold or con- 
sumed in the interior. It shall be subject only to the usual mode- 
rate duty. 

Provincial Councils. 

Art. V. A Provincial Council shall be established in the dis- 
trict of each Intendant, composed of 80 members, chosen from 
among the most respectable individuals of each class, out of a 
list of 800 persons of the greatest note in each district. 

159 



20 May, 18150 AUSTRIA, fto., and SABDENIA. [No. 19 

[Gtonoa, Ghenera, fto.] 

They shall be named, in the first instance^ by the King, and 
renewed in the same manner, by fifths, every two years. The 
retirement of the four first-fifths shall be decided by ballot. The 
organisation of these Councils shall be regulated by His Majesty. 

Election of President of Council, 

The President named by the King need not be selected from 
the Council : in such case, he shall not possess the right of voting. 

Re-election of Members, 

The members cannot be re-elected until four years after their 
retirement. 

Duties of the Council. 

The Council shall attend only to the wants and claims of the 
communes of the Intendancy, as to what concerns their particular 
administration, and shall be allowed to make representations on 
the subject 

Time of Assembling of Councils. 
It shall assemble each year at the principal place of the Inten- 
dancy, at such period and for such length of time as His Majesty 
shall determine. 

Extraordinary Assembling of Councils, 

His Majesty shall have the right of assembling it upon extra- 
ordinary occasions, should he think fit. 

Right of Intendant of the Province to a Seat in the Assembly. 

The Intendant of the Province, or he who supplies his place, 
shall have the right of a seat in the Assembly, as the King's 
Commissioner. 

Levy of New Taxes, 

Whenever the exigencies of the State shall require the levy 
of new Taxes, the King shall assemble the different Provincial 
Councils in such city of the ancient Genoese teiiitory as he shall 
appoint, and under the presidency of such person as he shall have 
delegated for that purpose. 

Vote of President, 
The President, when not chosen from the Council, shall not 
have a deliberative vote. 

160 



No. 19] AUSTRU, &c., AND SARDINIA. [20 May, 1815. 

[Oenoa, Oeneva, fto.] 

Assent of Frovincial Councils to levy of new Taxes, 

The King shall not send to the Senate of Genoa, for registra- 
tion any edict having for its object the imposing of extraordinary 
taxes, until the assent of the Provincial Councils, assembled as 
above, shall have been received. 

Majority of Votes, 
A majority of one vote shall determine the question in the 
Provincial Councils, whether assembled separately or together. 

Maximum of Taxes, 

Art. VI. The maximum of Taxes, which His Majesty shall 
have the right to establish in the Slates of Genoa, without con- 
sulting the united Provincial Councils, shall not exceed the pro- 
portion actually established in the other parts of his dominions ; 
the taxes at present levied, shall be regulated by this standard, 
and His Majesty reserves to himself to make such modifications 
as his wisdom and his goodness towards his Genoese subjects, 
may dictate with respect to what assessment should be made, 
whether upon land, or for direct or indirect taxes. 

The maximum of taxation being thus regulated, whenever the 
exigencies of the State shall require the levy of new taxes or 
extraordinary duties. His Majesty shall refer to the Provincial 
Councils for their vote of approbation, for the sum which he shall 
judge it proper to propose, and for the description of tax to be 
established. 

Public Debt guaranteed. 

Art. VIL The Public Debt, such as it legally existed under 
the late French Government, is guaranteed. 

Civil and Militay-y Pensions, 
Art. VIII. Pensions, both Civil and Military, granted by the 
State, according to the laws and regulations, shall be continued 
to all Genoese subjects living in His Majesty's States. 

Pensions to Clergy and Individuals of Religious Institutions ; and 
to Genoese Nobles, 

Under the same conditions, those Pensions shall be discon- 
tinued which have been granted to the Clergj', or to individuals 
of both sexes formerly belonging to religious institutions ; as well 

IGl M 



20 May, 1815.] AUSTRIA, Ac., AND SARDINIA. [Ho. 19 

[Oenoa, Gtoneya, Ac] 

as those, which, by way of relief, have been granted to Qenoese 
Nobles by the French Government. 

Supreme Tribunal to he called a Senate. 

Art. IX. A grand Court of Justice or Supreme Tribunal shall 
l)e established at Genoa, with the same i)0wer8 and privileges as 
those of Turin, Savoy, and Nice, and which, like them, shall be 
called a Senate. 

Currency, 

Art. X. The gold and silver Currency of the ancient State of 
Genoa, actually in circulation, shall be received at the public 
ofiSces equally with Piedmontese Coins. 

Levy of Troops. 

Art. XI. The levies of Troops, called Provmcial levies, in the 
country of Genoa, shall not exceed the proportion of those in the 
other States of His Majesty. The naval and military services 
shall be calculated alike. 

Oenoese Body Guard. 

Art. XII. His Majesty shall raise a Genoese company of 
Body Guards, which shall form a fourth company of his guards. 

Formation and Duties of a Municipal Body. 

Art. XIII. His Majesty shall establish at Genoa a Municipal 
Body, composed of forty nobles, twenty citizens of independent 
property, or following any liberal profeesion, and twenty of the 
principal merchants. Tlie first appointments shall be made by 
the King, and the vacancies shall be filled up by the Municipal 
Body itself, subject to the King's approbation. 

This Body shall receive from the King its particular regula- 
tions with respect to its President and the division of its labours. 

The Presidents shall take the title of St/ndkSy and shaU be 
chosen from among its members. 

The King reser\'es to himself, whenever he shall judge it 
proper, to appoint a i)erson of the first distinction as President of 
the Municipal Body. 

The powers belonging to the Municipal Body shall l)e, the 
lulministration of the city revenues, the superintendence of the 
l>etty |K)lice of the city, and the care of its charitable institu- 
tions. 

162 



No. 19] AUSTRIA, Ac, AND SARDINIA. [20 May, 1816. 

[Genoa, Geneva, *o.] 

A Sling's CommiBsioner shall assist at the sittings and delibe- 
rations of the Municipal Body. 

The members of this body shall wear a particular dress, and 
the Syndics shall have the privilege of wearing a robe or gown 
similar to that of the Presidents of Tribunals. 

TJnivei'sity of Qenoa. 

Art. XIV. The University of Genoa shall be continued, and 
shall enjoy the same privileges as that of Turin. 

His Majesty will consider of the means of providing for its 
wants. 

His Majesty shall take this establishment under his special 
protection, as well as the other institutions of instruction, educa- 
tion, the Belles Lettres, and charity, which shall also be main- 
tained. 

His Majesty will presei-ve to His Genoese subjects, the exhi- 
bitions which they enjoy in the college called the Lyceum, at the 
expense of Government; reserving to himself the adoption of 
such regulations upon this subject as he shall judge proper. 

Tiihtmal and Chamber of Oonimerce. 

Art. XV. The Kmg shall preserve to Genoa, a Tribunal and 
a Chamber of Commerce, with the powers actually belonging to 
those two establishments. 

Persons in Office. 
Art. XVI. His Majesty shall take into his particular conside- 
ration, the situation of persons in the States of Genoa who are 
now in office. 

Bank of St. Qeorge. 

Art. XVII. His Majesty will gladly receive the plans and 
propositions which may be presented to him upon the means of 
re-establishing the Bank of St. George. 



163 u 22 



20 May, 1816.] AUSTRIA, &c., AND SARDINIA. [No. 19 

[Genoa, Geneva, &o.] 

AnneA! B. B. Cession made by His Majesty the Ktnrf of 
Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva. 



Annexed to Article VII of the Treaty of the 2Qth May, 1815. 

Parts of Saxony ceded to Canton of Geneva. 
Art L His Majesty the King of Sardinia places at the dis- 
posal of the High Allied Powers, that part of Savoy which is 
situated between the river Arvc, the Rhone, the limits of that 
part of Savoy ceded to France, and Mount Saleve, as far as 
Veiry inclusive, together with that part which lies between the 
high road, called that of the Simplou, the Lake of Geneva, and 
the present territory of the canton of Geneva, from Vezenas to 
the point where the river of Hermance crosses the said road, and 
from thence, following the course of that river to where it enters 
the Lake of Geneva, to the east of the village of Hermance (the 
whole of the road of the Simplon continuiog to be possessed by 
His Majesty the King of Sardinia) in order that these countries 
shall be united to the canton of Geneva ; with the reservation, 
however, of determining more precisely, by Commissioners respec- 
tively, their limits, particularly of that part which relates to the 
demarcation above Veiry, and on Mount Saleve. His Majesty 
renounces, for hunself, and his successors, in perpetuity, all rights 
of sovereignty, and other rights which may belong to him in all 
the places and territories comprised in this line of frontier, with- 
out exception or reservation. 

Free Communication between the Canton of Geneva ami tlie Valais. 

Free Communi^xition for Genevese Troops between Territory of 

Geneva and Jurisdiction of Jussy, 

Art. II. His Majesty consents that the communication between 
the canton of Geneva and the Valais by the road of the Simplon, 
shall be established in the same manner as it has been agreed to 
by France, between Geneva and the canton of Vaud, by the route 
of Versoy. A free communication shall also be at all times 
granted for the Genevese troops, between the tcnitory of Geneva 
and the jurisdiction of Jussy, and such facilities shall be allowed 
OS may be necessary for proceeding by the lake to the road of the 
Simplon. 

Free exercise of Roman Catholic Religion in ceded States, 
Abt. III. On the other hand. His Majesty being averse to 

164 



No. 19] AUSTRIA, Ac, AXD SAEDINIA. [20 May, 1815. 

[Oenoa, Geneva, &o.] 

giving his consent that a part of his territory should be ceded to 
a State whose prevailing religion is different, without securing to 
the inhabitants of the country so ceded, the enjoyment of the 
free exercise of their religion, the means of keeping up their 
religious establishments, and the free enjoyment of all rights of 
citizenship ; 

It is agreed that, 

1. The Roman Catholic religion shall be maintained and pro- 
tected, in the same manner as at present, in all the communes 
ceded by His Majesty the King of Sardinia, which are to be united 
to the canton of Geneva. 

2. Those parishes which are neither dismembered nor divided 
by the new frontier line, shall retain their present boimdaries, and 
shall be served by the same number of clergymen ; and with 
regard to the detached portions, which are not sufficiently exten- 
sive to constitute a parish, application shall be made to the bishop 
of the diocese, to obtain their annexation to some other parish of 
the canton of Geneva. 

3. If the number of Protestants in the said communes, ceded 
by His Majesty, is less than that of the Roman Catholics, the 
schoolmasters shall at all times be Roman Catholics. 

No Protestant place of worship shall be established, excepting 
one in the town of Carrouge. 

Two-thirds at least of the municipal officers shall be Roman 
Catholics; and of the three individuals who fill the office of 
Mayor and his two assistants, two shall always be Roman Catho- 
lics. 

In case the number of Protestants in any of the communes 
shall equal that of the Roman Catholics, they shall stand upon 
an equal footing, and shall be alternately elected to theMimicipal 
Body and to the office of Mayor ; in this case, however, there 
shall always be a Roman Catholic schoolmaster, even if there be 
a Protestant one established. 

The present Article is not intended to prevent Protestants, 
residing in a commune inhabited by Roman Catholics, from erect- 
ing at their own oxjDense a private chapel, for the exercise of their 
religion, if they think proi)er ; or from having likewise at their 
own expense, a Protestant schoolmaster, for the private education 
of their children. 

4. The funds, revenues, and the administration of existing 
charitable donations and institutions shall remain untouched; and 

165 



20 May, 1816.] AUSTBIA, &c., AND SABDINU. [Mo. 19 

[Genoa, Geneva, *o.] 

private individuals shall not be prevented from making new 
ones, 

5. The new Government shall continue the provision made by 
the present Government for the support of the clergy and of 
religious worship. 

6. The Roman Catholic Church, now established at Geneva, 
shall be maintained, as at present, at the expense of the State, as 
the eventual laws of the constitution of Geneva have already de- 
creed. A suitable establishment and provision shall be made for 
the clergyman. 

7. The Roman Catholic communes and the parish of Geneva 
shall continue to form part of the diocese which is to govern the 
provinces of Chablais and Faucigny, unless it should bo otherwise 
regulated by the authority of the Holy See. 

8. In no case whatever shall the bishop be disturbed in his 
pastoral visits. 

9. The inhabitants of the ceded territory are placed entirely 
on the same footing in point of civil and political rights, with 
those of the city of Geneva : they shall enjoy these rights equally 
with them, excepting, however, the rights of property, of citizen- 
ijhip, or of the commune. 

10. Roman Catholic children shall be received into the public 
schools : they shall not be instructed in matters of religion in 
common with the Protestants, but separately ; and ecclesiastics 
of the Roman Catholic communion shall be appointed for this 
purpose. 

11. The communal property, or propcity belon^ng to new 
communes, shall be preserved to them, and it shall continue to be 
administered as heretofore, and the revenues applied to their 
use. 

12. These communes shall not bo taxed more than the old 
ones. 

13. His Majesty the King of Sardinia reserves to himself the 
right of representing to the Helvetic Diet, and of supporting by 
means of his Diplomatic Agents accredited to it, every claim to 
which the non-fulfilment of the above Articles might give rise. 

Delivery of Title Deeds of Landed Properly, ^c. 

Art. IV. All deeds of landed property and documents con- 
cerning ceded matters shall be ^ ven up by His Majesty the King 
of Sardinia to the canton of Geneva as soon as possible. 

166 



No. 19] aCTTBIA, &c., and SARDIIWA. [20 May, 1815 

[Genoa, Geneva, &o.] 

Treaty of 3rd Jnne^ 1754,* confirmed — Art. XII [ annulled. 

Art. V. The Treaty concluded at Turin the 3rd of June, 
1754, between His Majesty the King of Sardinia and the llepubHc 
of Geneva is hereby confirmed, with regard to all those Articles 
which are not at variance with the present transaction ; but Ilis 
Majesty, wishing to give the canton of Geneva a particular mark 
of his good will, consents, nevertheless, to annul that part of 
Article XIII of the above Treaty which denied to the citizens of 
Geneva who at that time had establishments and property in 
Savoy, the privilege of making it their principal residence. 

Conveyance of Articles of Gonaumjption for the Canton of Geneva, 

Art. VI. His Majesty, from the same motives, agrees to make 
arrangements with the canton of Geneva in order to facilitate the 
conveyance from his States of articles intended for the consump- 
tion of the town and canton. 

Exemptions from Transit Duties. 

Art. VII. An exemption from all duties of transit shall be 
granted for all merchandise and goods which, coming from the 
States of His Majesty the King of Sardinia and the free port of 
Genoa, shall traverse the road called the Simplon in its whole 
extent, through the Valais and the State of Geneva. 

Exceptiam. 

It is understood that this exemption is confined to the transit, 
and shall not extend either to the tolls established for the mainte- 
nance of the road, or to duties levied on merchandise or goods 
intended to be sold or consumed in the interior. 

The same reservation shall apply to the communication granted 
to the Swiss between the Valais and the canton of Geneva ; and 
the different Governments shall for this purpose take such 
measures as by common agreement they shall judge necessary, 
either for taxation or for preventing contraband trade in their 
territories respectively. 

* See Appendix. 



167 



20 May, 181S.] AUStRIA, &c., AND SARDINU. [Mo. U 

[Genoa, Oenera, Ao,] 

Additional and Separate Article to the Territorial Treaty 
between Austria and Sardinia^ of 20th May^ 1815.* 

(Translation as laid before Parliament. f) 

Confirmation of Sardinian Right of Reversion to Duchy ofPtaeentiOj 
under Treaties of Aix'ta-ChapeUe^ 17484 and PariSy 17634 
Further Agreement on termination of Negotiations respecting 
Parma and Placentia. 

Tn£ right of reversion of His Majesty the King of Sardinia to 
the Duchy of Placentia, stipulated by the Treaty of Aix-la- 
Chapelle of 17484 and by the Treaty of Paris of 10th June, 
1763,§ is confirmed. The cases in v^hich that right will have to 
be realised, shall be reg^ated by common consent, when the 
negotiations relative to the States of Parma and Placentia shall 
be completed. 

Eventual Transfer of FoHress of Placentia^ with a Radius^ by Sar- 
dinia to Austria, for an equivalent. 

It is, however understood that in case of that reversion occiu"- 
ring, the town of Placentia, and a radius of 2,000 toises, starting 
from the ridge of the external glacier, shall remain in full sove- 
reignty and ownership to His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, 
his heirs and successors, and there shall be ceded as a compen- 
sation to His Majesty the King of Sardinia another portion of the 
States of Parma, or some other contiguous to his States in Italy, 
as shall appear to him most convenient, and equivalent in popu- 
lation and revenue to the town of Placentia and to the above 
radius. 

Ratifications. 

The present Additional and Separate Article shall have the 
same force and validity as if it had been inserted word for word 
in the Treaty of this day's date. It shall be ratified, and the 
ratifications shall be exchanged at the same time. 

• This Additional and Separate Aiticle was confirmed by the Treatj 
between the 5 Powers and Spain, of 10th June, 1817, but it wai not then 
assented to by Sardinia. See Treaty between Luoca, Modena, Tosoany, 
Austria, and Sardinia, of 28th Noyember, 1844. 

t For French rcrsion, see " Stat« Papers," toI. ii, p. 959. 

t See Appendix. § See Appendix. 

168 



Mo. 19] AUSTRU, kc., /LSD SAHDINU. [M May, 1815. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the same, and have afi&xed thereto the Seals of their Arms. 

(L.S.) LE MARQUIS DE SAINT MARSAN. 

(US.) LE COMTE ROSSI. 
(L&) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 
(LS.) LE BARON DE WESSENBERG. 



169 



27 May, 1815.] AUSTRU AND SWITZERLAND. [No. 20 

[Switserlftad.] 



No. 20. — ACT of Acceptance by the Swiss Confederation of 
the Declaration of the 8 Powers of the 20th March, 1815. 
Signed at Zurich^ 21th May^ 1815.* 



[This Act formed Annex XIb to the Vienna Congress Treaty of 
9th June, 1815 (No. 27).] 

Table. 
Preamble. 

Acceptance of Declaration of 8 Powers of 20tli Marcb, 1815. 
Perpetual Neutrality of the Helvetic Body. 
Fulfilment of DispoBitions of Declaration of 8 Powers. 

(Translation as laid l>efore Parliament.f) 

Picainhh, 

The Diet of the Swiss Confederation, at its special sitting held 
at Zurich, having received in its sitting of the 3rd of April, 1815, 
through the Mediation of the Ministers accredited to the Con- 
federation, viz. : 

M. de Schraut, Austrian Minister, in the name of IlLs Lnperial 
and Royal Apostolic Majesty, as also by virtue of special powers, 
of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal ; 

M. Stratford Canning, accredited on the part of His Majesty 
the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland ; 

The Count Augustus Talleyrand, on the part of His Most 
Christian Majesty the King of France, as also by virtue of special 
powers, of His Majesty the King oi Spain and of the Indies ; 

The Baron Chambrier d*011eyres. in the name of His Majesty 
the King of Prussia ; 

The Baron Krudener, Charge d'Affaires of His Majesty the 
Emperor of Russia ; 

The Declaration relative to the affairs of Switzerland, inserted 
in the Protocol of the Congress of Vienna the 19th, and signed 
the 20th March, 1815 (No. 9), by the Plenipotentiaries of the 
8 Powers who were parties to the Treaty of Paris of the 80th 
May, 1814 (No. 1); 

• Sec also Act of the 5 Powers, blgned at Paris, 20th Nroember, 1813. 
t For French yersion, see "State Papers," toI. ii, p. 147. 

170 



Ho. 20] AUSTRIA AND swiTZERLAlJfD. [27 May, 1815. 

[Switzerland.] 

Hastened to cominunicato this Act to the 19 Confederated 
Cantons, inviting them to give their sanction to the Diet's de- 
claring, in due and proper form, the general Accession of 
Switzerland to the arrangements contained in the said instrument ; 

The chief authorities of each Canton, having maturely con- 
sidered the object of this communication, and having successively 
made known to the Federal authority their final determination ; 

The Diet of the Swiss Confederation, in pursuance of the Acts 
deposited in their Archives, and of the Declarations inserted in 
their Protocol, by which it appears that a number of Cantons, 
exceeding that which the Federal union prescribes, for the accept- 
ance of the most important resolutions of the Helvetic Body, have 
declared their consent thereto ; which, according to the terms of 
the Constitution, becomes thereby that of the whole Confederation; 

Have adopted the following Resolutions ; 

Acceptance of Declaration of 8 Powers of 20th March^ 1815. 

1. The Diet accedes, in the name of the Swiss Confederation, 
to the Declaration of the Powers assembled at the Congress of 
Vienna, under date of the 20th March, 1815, and promises that 
the stipidations contained in the " Transaction," inserted in this 
Act, shall be faithfully and religiously observed. 

Perpetual Neutrality of the Helvetic Body. 

2. The Diet expresses the eternal gratitude of the Swiss nation 
towards the High Powers, who, by the above Declaration, assign 
to them, with a Boundary far more advantageous, its ancient 
important frontiers; unite three new Cantons to the Confede- 
ration; and promise solemnly to Acknowledge and Guarantee the 
perpetual Neutrality of the Helvetic Body, as being necessary to 
the general interest of Europe. The Diet feels the same senti- 
ments of gratitude for the unif oi*m kindness with w^hich the august 
Sovereigns have exerted themselves in bringing about a recon- 
ciliation of the differences which had arisen between the Cantons. 

Fulfilment of Dispositions of Declarations of 8 Powers, 

3. In pursuance of the present Act of Accession, and of the 
Note addressed to the Swiss Envoys at Vienna, the 20th March, 
1815, by Prince Metternich, President of the Conferences of 
the 8 Powers, the Diet declares its wish that the Ministers of 

171 



27 May, 1815.] AUSTBIA AND 8WITZEBLAND. [No. 20 

[Switaerland.] 

their Majesties, residing in Switzerland, would, in pursuance of 
the Instructions wliich they have received, and of the powers with 
which they have been invested, give effect to the dispositions of 
the Declaration of the 20th March (No. 9), and carry into 
execution the engagements therein contained. 

In faith of which the present Act has been signed and sealed, 
at Zurich, the 27th May, 1815. 

In the name of the Diet of the Swiss Confederation, the Bur- 
gomaster of the Canton of Zurich, President, 

The Burgomaster of the Canton of 
Zurich, President, 
(L.S.) DE WYSS. 

The Chancellor of the Confederation of 
Switzerland, 
MoussoN. 



172 



Ho. a] PRUSSIA AND HANOVER. [29 May, 1816. 

[lAiMnlmrr, Oldenbnrr, &c.] 



Al—TREA TY between Prussia arid Hanover. SufneJ 
at Menna, 29t/i May, 1815. 



[This Treaty formed Annex VI to the Vienna Congress Treaty of 
0th June, 1815 (No. 27).] 

Am. Table. 

Preamble. 
1. CesaoM made bj Pnutia to Jlauoccr. 
i Benunciafcion by Prussia of the Chapter of SL Peter, 

3. Cmons bj Resse-Cassel to Hanover. Indemnities bj Prussia. 

4. CesiioM by Hanover to Prussia of part of Duchy of Lanenburtj. 

5. Niiigation of the J?iiif and Port of Embden. 
fi. Military Roads. 

'. Return of Military to their Homos. Pensions. 

B- Title Deeds, Documents, Plans, Ac, of ceded Districts. 

9- Responsibility of new Possessor of Countries ceded for all Debts. 

10. Disposal of Meppen and Rheina-Wolbeck, Settlement of Frontier of 

Looi'Corstcaren. Relations of Benlheim towards Hanover. 

11. Exchange of Territory between Prussia and Bmrntfcick: 

12. Ceision to be made to Oldenhurtj by Hanover. 

13. Ratifications. 



(Ti*anslation as laid before Parliament.*) 

In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

n^8 Majesty the Eang of Piiissia, and His Majesty tlie King 
of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of 
Hanover, desiring to comprise in a particular Treaty the dis- 
P^itions contained in the Protocols signed the 13th and 21st 
°» J'ebruary, 1815, of the Committee of Plenipotentiaries of 
^&land, Austria, Russia, Prussia, and France, in order to 
^^^ into effect the stipulations of the Treaty concluded at 
^ichenbach on the Uth June, 1813,t and to fulfil the territorial 
^'^gements consequent upon the engagement therein con- 
fined on the part of His Prussian Majesty, the two Sovereigns 
nave named Plenipotentiaries to concert, agree upon, and sign, 
whatever relates to this subject, viz. : 

• For French renion, tee ** State Papers," toI. ii, p. 9-1. 

t See Appendix. 

173 



29 May, 1816.] PRUSSIA AND HANOVER. [Ho. 21 

[Lauenbnrr, Oldenbnrr, 4^e.l 
I 

Uis Majesty tlie Kin^ of Prussia, the Prince Ilardeiiberg, 
his Chancellor of State, his First Plenipotentiary at the Con- 
gress, &e. 

And the Sieur Charles William Biiron de Humboldt, His said 
Majesty's Minister of State, his Chamberlain, Envoy Extra- 
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Imperial and Royal 
Apostolic Majesty ; his second Plenipotentiary at the Congress of 
Vienna, &c. 

And His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, King of Hanover, the Sieur Ernest Frederic 
Herbert, Count Munster, Hereditary Grand Marshal of the King- 
dom ; his Minister of State and of the Cabinet, and his Minister 
Plenipotentiary at the Congress of Vienna, &c. 

And the Sieur Ernest Christian George Augustus, Cotmt de 
Hardcnberg ; his Minister of State and of the Cabinet, his Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Congress of 
Vienna, &c. ; who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, 
found in good and proper form, have agreed to the following 
Articles : 

Cessions made hy Prussia to Hanover, 

Art. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XXVII.) 

denunciation hy Prussia of the Chapter of St. Peter. 

Art. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XXVIIL) 

Cession hy Hesse-Cassel to Hanover. Indemnities hy Prussia. 

Art. hi. His Majesty the King of Prussia engages, in con- 
sideration of certain indemnities to be taken out of the mass of 
the countries secured to him by the arrangements of the Congress 
of Vienna, to induce : 

1. His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse to cede to His 
Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, King of Hanover, to be possessed by him and his suc- 
cessors, in full sovereignty and property, the three bailiwicks of 
Uechte, Freudenberg, and Aubourg, otherwise called Wagenfeld, 
with the districts and territories dependent thereon, as well as 

174 



No. 21] PRUSSIA AND KANOVER. [29 May, 1816. 

[Lauonburf) Oldenburr* Ao.] 

that part which Ilia Royal Highness possesses of the County of 
Schaumburg and the Lordships of Plessen and Neuengleichen. 

2. His Serene Highness the Landgrave of Hesse Rothen- 
burg to renounce for ever the rights which he possesses in the 
said Lordship of Plessen, in order that these rights may be trans- 
ferred to His Britannic Majesty, King of Hanover. As the 
cession on the part of His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse 
and the renunciation of the Landgrave of Hesse Rothenburg, 
above mentioned, have not been obtained within the three months 
prescribed by Article XL of the Protocol of the 13th of February, 
1815 ; and as the reciprocal cessions ought to have l)een effected 
pursuant to that Article, with the reservation, tliat whilst Prussia 
continued in possession of the territory destined as a compen- 
sation to the Elector of Hesse and the Landgrave of Rothen- 
burg, Hanover should retain, on her part, that portion of the 
Duchy of Lauenburg which has been made over to His Prussian 
Majesty, in virtue of Article lY ; this arrangement shall continue 
in force until Hanover shall have actually acquired the cessions 
and renunciations on the part of Hesse, and until the Govern- 
ments of Prussia and Hanover shall have agreed upon indemnities 
to be ^ven to the latter for the diminution which would result 
from the loss of the territories comprised in the said cession and 
renunciation, indemnities which shall be provided out of the 
Eichsfeld, and of the Prussian part of the County of Hohen- 
stein. 

His Prussian Majesty and His Royal Highness the Prince 
Regent of Great Britain and Hanover, having already consented 
to the other cessions to be made in virtue of tlie stipulations con- 
tained in the Protocol of the 13th February, 1815, the two High 
Contracting Parties will give the necessary orders that these 
cessions may be completed in 8 weeks from the date of the 
signature of the present Treaty. 

Cessions made hy Hanover to Prussia. 

Art. IV. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XXIX.) 

Navigation of the Ems^ and Port of Emhden, 

Art. V. (Embodied in Vienna Congiess Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XXX.) 

175 



20 May, 1815.] PRUSSIA AND HANOVEB. [Ko. 21 

[Lauenbnrff, Oldenlmrff, fto.] 

Military Roads. 

Abt. VI. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. XXXI.) 

Return of Military to their Homes, Pensions. 

Art. VII. The military, in the active service of the two Higli 
Contracting Powers, natives of the countries ceded by one Power 
to the other in virtue of the present Convention, shall be sent 
home in one year from the exchange of the ratifications of the 
present Convention. Officers of every rank may have the opticm 
of continuing in the service to which they are at present attached. 

The pensions allowed to different ranks of military shall con- 
tinue to be paid by the Powers who have granted them. 

Title Deeds J Documents, Plans, ^c, of Ceded Districts. 
Art. VIII. The High Contracting Parties reciprocally engage 
to restore to each other the Title-Deeds of Crown lands, and the 
documents and papers which relate to provinces and districts 
mutually ceded, within two months from the day of the resti- 
tution of each of the said provinces or districts. The same rule 
shall be observed with respect to the plans and maps of the towns 
and countries above mentioned. 

Responsibility of nexo Possessor of Countries Ceded for all Debts. 

Art. IX. In all the countries ceded or exchanged in pur- 
suance of the present Convention, the new possessor shall be 
responsible for all the debts, specially mortgaged upon the said 
countries, as well as for those contracted for the expenses incurred 
in the actual improvement of these countries. 

The debts constitutionally contracted in the name of the 
country, particularly those in the Duchy of Lauenburg since 1798; 
for the expenses of forming the line of frontier, and those occa- 
sioned by the occupation of the French ; shall be acknowledged as 
debts of the country, and the mode of effecting the speedy and 
punctual reimbursement of the capital and interest shall be 
settled with the concmrence of the provincial States. 

Disposal of Meppen and Rheina^ Wolbeck. Settlement of Frontier of 
LooZ'Corswaren. Relations of Bentheim tovrards Hanover. 

Art. X. The bailiwick of Meppen, belonging to the Duke of 

170 



lo. 21] PRUSSU AND HANOVEB. [29 May, 181 5. 

inaztog, as well as the part of Rheina-Wolbeck which belongs 
to the Duke of Looz-Corswaren, which are now provisionally 
dcasped by the Hanorerian Government, shall be placed in the 
atoatkm, with respect to the kingdom of Hanover, which the 
MeiatiTe Coostitiitioii of Germany shall settle for the mediatised 
temtories. 

The IVossiaii and Hanoverian Governments having never- 
tUess reserved to themselves, by Article XLIIE of the said Pro- 
tocol of the 13th of February, to agree hereafter, if necessary 
iqxxi the fixing of another line of frontier with regard to the 
ooontiy belonging to the Doke of Looz-Corswaren ; the said 
Go'venunents will instruct the Commission, which they may name 
for settling the limits of that part of the Comity of Lingen ceded 
to Hanover, to deliberate thereupon, and to adjust definitively 
the frontiers of that part of the country belonging to the Duke of 
looB-CoTBwaren, which, as aforesaid, is to be possessed by the 
Bttoreiian Government 

The relations between the Hanoverian Government and the 
County of Bentheim, shall remain as settled by the Mortgage 
Tretties existing between His Britannic Majesty and Count 
Bentheim; and when the rights derived by Treaty shall have 
B^Hred, the rations of the County of Bentheim towards the 
^gdom of Hanover shall be such as the Federative Constitution 
cf Germany shall determine for the mediatised territories. 

Exchange of Territory between Prussia and Brunswick. 

Akt. XL His Majesty the King of Prussia, desiring to make 
certain exchanges of territory with His Serene Highness the Duke 
^ Brunswick, for the consolidation of their respective territories : 
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
Mid Ireland, King of Hanover, engages to use his best endeavours 
^ inducing His Serene Highness to consent to these arrange- 
^^^^ ; and, to facilitate the same, he consents beforehand to any 
^^^ons of territory which the two Parties may agree upon. The 
Pi'esent Article refers particularly to Calvoerde and Walkenried, 
^thout being absolutely restricted to these two places. 

Cession to he made to Oldenburg by Hanover* 

Abt. XIL His Britannic Majesty, King of Hanover, with a 
^w to acceding to His Prussian Majesty's wish, that a suitable 
•<5ceeBion of territory should be provided for His Serene Highnees 

177 N 



29 May, 1816.] PRUSSIA AND HANOYER. [No. 21 

[lAuenlmrff, Oldenlmrff, fto.] 

the Duke of Oldenburg, promises to cede to him a district con- 
taming a population of 5,000 inhabitants. 

Ratifications. 

Abt. XIII. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the B«ti« 
fications exchanged within four weeks, or sooner, if possible. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries haye signed 
it, and have affixed thereunto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the 2^h May, 1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DB HARDENBERG. 
rL.S.) LE BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE MUNSTER. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE HARDENBERG. 



178 



10.21} GBXAT BRITAIN, kc., AND IfETHSSLANDS. [31 Maj,1815. 
[HfOlmmA sad B«lffiiim« IrnxmrnhurWi *o«l 

Ho. 2L—TREA TY bettotm Great Britain, Austria, Prussia^ 
ond Busiia^ and the Netherlands. Signed at Menna, 
ila May, 1815. 

[This Treaty formed Annex X to the Vienna Congress Treaty 
of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

in. Tabu. 

AwinUe. 
l-TemtonM forming Kingdom of the Neiierlands, fiecogniikm by 

AnHria of BojbI Dignity in the House of Orange- Nassau. 
1 Boimdariet of the Kingdom of the NetherUmds, Frontier between CUmm 
and VwiUd Fnnmets. Miied Gommianm between Pmstirn and the 
UHltrlmmds, PnuaMi lemmeiation of Huissem, MaUmr§, lAfmtn^ 
Sevenaer, and WeH, 
I Quad Dochj of Luxemhmrff. SoTeraignty of the King of the Nether* 
lamdi. Soceession. Grand Duchy of Luxewtburff a State of the (7er- 
manie Confederation, Lnxemlmrg a Fortress of the Oermanie Con* 
ftderoHon. Bi^t of King of the Netherlands to Fortify. 
^' BouBdarias of the Cband Dachy ol Lnxemkurg. Arrangements reqpeoiing 

the Ducby of Bouillon. Disputes to be settled by Arbitration* 
^* Ceation to Prussia of the German Possessions of the House of Nassmi' 

Orange. Prinoipalitj of Fulda, 
^- Fttnilj Pact of the Princes of Nassau. Sncceasion. 
'' Charges and Engagements rekting to the Prorinoes detached from 

France. 
^ ^agi§ of the Union of the Belgic Provinces, 
.^' CommiBsion to settle concerns of ceded Possessions of House of Nassau, 
• ^Utificationa. 

Annex to Article VUI of the Treaty of 81W May, 1815. 

^ of Acceptance of Sovereignty of Belgic Provinces by the Prince 
Sovereign of the Netherlands. 21st July, 1814. 
i: * TJnion of Belgium with Holland. Constitution. 
^ ^digbus Equality. 

^' belgic Provinces to be represented in Assembly of States Gtoerol. 
1^ Quality of Inhabitants of the i^e^i^fioiMif. 
^ C(nmneroe and Nayigation in Dutch Colonies. 
^* X)ebt8 to be paid by the 2fef A^/aa<;#. 

' * Expenses of Frontier Fortresses to be paid by the Netherlands. 

^* Bepair of Dykes. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

IIi8 Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and 

• For French rersion, see " State Papers," toI. ii, p. 187. 
179 K 3 



31 May, 1815 J GREAT BRITAIN, Ac , AND NETHERLANDS. [No. 22 
[Holland and Belffiiim, Xiuxembnrff, fto.] 

Bohemia, and His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, being 
desirous of carrying into effect and of completing the arrange- 
ments contained in the Treaty of Peace condaded at Paris the 
dOth day of May, 1814 (No. 1), which, while it establishes a 
just equilibrium in Europe, and assigns to the United ProvinceB 
such a proportion of territory as may enable them to support their 
own independence, secures to them the countries comprised 
between the sea, the frontiers of France, and the Mouse, leaves 
undefined their limits on the right bank of that river ; and their 
said Majesties having resolved to conclude a separate Treaty on 
this subject, conformably to the arrangements of the Congress 
of Vienna (No. 27), have appointed Plenipotentiaries to concert, 
agree upon, and sign whatever relates to this subject, viz. : 

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and 
Bohemia, the Sieur Clement Vinceslas Lothaire, Prince Metter- 
nich-Winnebourg-Ochsenhausen, Chancellor of the Military 
Order of Maria Theresa, Curator of the Academy of the Kno 
Arts, Chamberlain, intimate and actual Coundllor of His Majesty 
the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, his 
Mmister of State, of Conferences, and of Foreign Affairs, his 
principal Plenipotentiaiy at the Congress, &c ; 

And the Sieur John Philip Baron Wessenberg, Chamberlain 
and intimate and actual Councillor of His Imperial and Royal 
Apostolic Majesty, his second Plenipotentiary at the Congress, 
&c. ; 

And His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, the Sieur 
Gerhard Charles, Baron de Spaen de Voorstonden, Member of the 
Corps of Nobles of the province of Queldre, Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary from His Majesty the King of 
the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau, Grand Duke of Lux- 
emburg, at the Court of Vienna, and one of his Plenipotentiaries 
at the Congress ; 

And the Sieur Hans Christopher Ernest, Baron de Gragem, 
Plenipotentiary of His said Majesty at the Congress of Vienna, 
&c. ; who, after having exchanged their full powers, found in 
good and due form, have agi*eed to the following Articles : 

Territories forming Kingdom of the Netherlands. Recognition by 
Austria of Royal Dignity in the House of Orange- Nassav. 

Art. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art. LXV.) 

180 



No. 22] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AXD NETHERLANDS. [81 May, 1816. 
[Holland and Belffinm, Lnxembnrff, Ac] 

Boundaries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Frontier between 
Cleves and United Provinces, Mixed Commission between Prussia 
and the Netherlands. Prussian Renunciation of Huissen^ Mai" 
burg^ LymerSj Sevenaer, and Weel, 

AsT. II. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art LXVI.) 

Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, Sovereignty of the King of the Nether^ 
lands. Succession. Grand Duchy of Luxemburg a State of 
the Germanic Confederation. Luxemburg a Fortress of the 
Germanic Confederation. Right of King of Netherlands to 
Fortify. 

Art. III. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art. LXVII.) 

Boundaries of the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg. 

Art. IV, (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art, LXVIII.) 

Arrangements respecting the Duchy of Bouillon. Difputes to be 

settled by Arbitration, 
(Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as Art LXIX.) 

Cession to Prussia of the German Possessions of the House of 
Nassau-Orange^ Principality ofFulda. 
Art. V. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXX.) 

Family Pact of the Princes of Nassau. Succession. 
Art. VI. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXXI.) 

Charges and Engagements relating to the Provinces detached from 

France. 
Art. VII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXXII.) 

Basis of the Union of the Belgic Provinces. 

Art. VIII. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) 
as Art LXXIII.) 

181 



811lay|1815J GBBAT BEITAIN, &c., AND NETHERLANDS. [Mo.22 
[HoUaad and Belgium, Luzembxurfir, A;o.] 

CommimoH to settle concerns of Ceded Possessions of House of 

Nassau. 

Art. IX. A Commission shall be immediately appointed by Uis 
Majesty the King of Prussia and His Majesty the King of the 
Netiierlaods, to settle whatever relates to the cession of those 
Possessions of the House of Nassau which belong to IDs Majesty, 
with regard to records, debts, excesses of the public chests, and 
and other subjects of this nature. 

That part of the records which does not concern the ceded 
provinces, but only the House of Orange, and libraries, collections 
of ma^ and all other objects of the same description, belonging 
to His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, shall be rel^ined by 
him as private and personal property, and shall be immediately 
restored to His Majesty. A part of the said possessions being 
exchanged against other possessions of the Duke and Prince of 
Nassau, His Majesty the King of Prussia engages, and His 
Majesty the King of the Netherlands consents, that the engage- 
ment stipulated in the present Article shall be transferred to their 
Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of Nassau with respect 
to those possessions which are to be united to their States.* 

Eatificattons, 

Abt. X. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifica- 
tions exchanged in six weeks, or sooner, if possible. 

In faith of which the above-mentioned Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and have affixed thereunto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the 81st of May, in the year of our Lord 

1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE METTERNICH. 

(L.S.) LE BARON WESSENBERG. 

(L.S.) LE BARON DE SPAEN. 

(L.S.) LE BARON DE GAGERN. 



Annex to Article VIII of the Treaty of Slat May, 1815. 
Act signed by the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of the 
Netherlands, on the occasion of His Royal Highnesses acceptance 
of the Sovereignty of the Belgic Provinces, of 2l8t July, 1814 
(No. 4). 

Note. — ^Treatiet oontaining the iftme stipulafdons were concluded and 
■igned between Ghreat Britain, Prussia and Bussia, and the Netheriands, on the 
eamedaj. 

• See Treaty between Frufltia and Nassau, of 81st May, 1815, Art. XYH. 

182 



Ho. 23] PBUSSIA AKD NASSAU. [31 May, 1816. 

[Ehrenbreitateizi, Ac] 

No. 2^.— CONVENTION between Prussia and the DiJce 
(ind Prince of Nassau. Sighted at Vienna^ Zlst May^ 1815. 



[This Convention formed Annex VIII to the Vienna Congress 
Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Tabu. 

1. OeanonAhj NeuMOuUi Pruttia, 

2. Cessions bj Fruuia to Nassau. 

3. Commissioners to determine what parts of Siegen, ko., are to be ceded 

bj Prussia to Nassau, 

4. Public and Demesnial Property of oeded Territories. Keither Party to 

possess enclaves in Territory of the other. Benunciationa. Property 
belonging to Duke and Prince of Nassau, 
6. Fortress of Ehrenbreitstein, 

6. Import and Export Trade on the Bhine, through Ekr^reUstein and 

Vallendar, 

7. Arrears of Hevenue and Surplus of Public Chests. 

8. Debts of ceded Territories. 

9. Pensions. 

10. Local Functionaries and Persons in Office to remain in ceded Territories. 

Pensions if allowed to retire. 

11. Military Persons to return to their native Country after the Campaign. 

Officers may remain in service of ceded Country. 

12. Condemned and Insane Persons to be sent to their native Country. 

13. Archives of ceded Territories. 

14. Engagements of Prussia relative to Post Offices of Taons, 

15. Military Boad from Giessen to Ehrenbreitstein, 

16. Appointment of Commissioners for the settlement of Debts, Pensions, &c. 

17. Nassau to fulfil Eogai^ements made by Prussia relative to Mutual 

Cessions of Territory. 

18. Batifications. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

The hereditary possessions of the House of Orange having 
been transferred as an indemnity to His Majesty the King of 
Prussia, in virtue of the stipulations agreed upon between the 
Powers assembled at the Congress of Vienna, and a territorial 
arrangement with their Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince 
of Nassau, having been expressly reserved, His Majesty the King 
of Prussia has appointed as his Plenipotentiary to conclude such 
arrangement, viz.: the Prince Hardenberg, his Chancellor of 
State, his First Plenipotentiary at the Congress of Vienna, Ac. 

And their Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of Nassau, 

• For French and German Vcreions, sec " State Papers," vol. ii, p. 102. 

183 



31 May, 1815.] PBUSSU AND NASSAU. [Mo. 23 

[Bhr«nbreiUteixi, Ams.] 

Ernest Francis Lotus Marshal de Bieberstein, and their Principal 
Minister of State and Plempotentiary at the Congress, Ac. 

Who, after having exchanged their full powers, have agreed 
on the following Articles : 

Cessions by Nassau to Prussia. 
Art. I. Their Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of 
Nassau cede to His Majesty the King of Prussia, in full sove- 
reignty and property, the bailiwicks, parishes, and places hereafter 
mentioned :* 

1. The bailiwick of Linz. 

2. The bailiwick of Altenwied. 
8. The bailiwick of Schonberg. 

4. The bailiwick of Altenkirchen. 

5. The parish of Ham, formerly composing part of the 
bailiwick of Hacbenberg. 

6. The bailiwick of Schonstein. 

7. That of Frensberg. 

8. That of Friedewald. 

9. That of Dierdorf. 

10. The detached part of the bailiwick of Hersbach, bordering 
on Altenkirchen. 

11. The bailiwick of Neuerburg. 

12. That of Hammerstein, together with Irlich and Engers. 

13. The bailiwick of Huddesdorf. 

14. The town of Neuwied. 

15. The communes of Gladbach, Heimbach, Weiss, Sayn, 
Muhlhofen, Bendorf, Weitersburg, Vallendar, and Mallendar, 
forming part of the bailiwick of Vallendar. 

16. The communes of Nieder- Worth, Nieder-Berg, Urber, Im- 
mendorf, Neudorf, Ahrenberg, Ehrenbreitstein, together with the 
mills of Arzheim, Pf affendorf, and Horchheim, forming part of the 
bailiwick of Ehrenbreitstein. 

17. The bailiwick of Braunfels. 

18. That of Greifenstein. 

19. That of Hohen-solms. 

Cessions by Prussia to Nassau. 
Art. II. His Majesty the King of Prussia, on his part, cedes 
to their Serene Elghnesses the Duke and Prince of Nassau, with 
all the rights of sovereignty and property thereunto belonging : 

• Soe Yiennft Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815, Art. XXIY. 
184 



K<K 23] PSUaSIA AND NASSAU. [31 May, 1819 . 

1. The three Piincipaiities f ormerij possessed by the Hoase of 
NiBsaa-Orange, viz., Dietz, Hadamar, and Dillenbarg, indading 
the Lordship of Beilstein, excepting, however, the bailiwicks of 
Bmbach and NeunkirGheiL 

2. A part of the Principality of Siegen, and of the bailiwicks 
of Barbach and Nennkirchen, containing a population of 12,000 
iniubitaQts, and composed of commones contiguous to the (Hinci- 
palitj of Dillenburg.* 

8. Lastly, the Lordships of Westerburg and Schadek, and that 
part of the Bailiwick of Bunkel which bdonged to the former 
Grand Dochy of Berg. 

Cawmioners to determine what parts of Siegen, jfC^ ore to be 
ceded by Prussia to Nassau, 

AsT. III. The part of the Principality of Siegen, and of the 
bailiwicks of Burbach and Neunkirchen, which is to be ceded in 
rirtoe of the above Artides, shall be determined by Commissioners, 
to be appointed by the two High Contracting Parties with as 
little delay as possible, and, at furthest, within four weeks after 
tbe ratification of the present Treaty ; but, at all events, pre- 
^OQslj to the taking possession of the provinces belonging to the 
HoQse of Nassau-Orange. 

The Commissioners shall conform to the prindple of the con- 
tigoity of these portions with the respective territories ; and they 
sball take especial care that the relations with regard to the com- 
inuDes, to the Church, and to industry, as they at present exist, 
^ be maintained. Under the relations of industry, are 
"P^ly induded those which relate to the working of mines. 

In the event of these Conmiissioners not agreeing upon one or 
^r of these points, they are authorised to refer to an Arbitrator, 
^ their own appointment, whose dedsion shall be final. 

^^lic and Demesnial Property of ceded Territories. Neither Party 
to possess Enclaves in Territory of the other. 
Art. IV. The bailiwicks and portions of territory to be re- 
^procally ceded, in conformity to Articles I, II, and III, shall be 
^nsferred to the future possessor, with all the precincts of the 
^mmunes belonging thereto, together with all the public and de- 
^nial property contained in these territories, under whatever 
^fenomination they may have been held, or whatever be the title 
^y which they may have been acqmred. Neither Party shall 

• See Yieima Congrafs Treaty of 9th June, 1S15, Art. XXIY. 
185 



81 May, 16U.] PBUssu sm> Nassau. qio. 23 

possess enclaves in the territoiy of the other, and, particulariy, 
the Abbeys of Kommersdorf, Sayo, Nieder-Werth, aud Basselick, 
situated in the communes ceded by Article I, shall be compre- 
hended in the Prussian territory, with all their property inclosed 
within the Prussian limits. 

BenunciatioHS. 
The two Contracting Parties renounce reciprocally, in behalf 
of each other, all revenues, rights of suzeraineti^ feudal or other 
rights, of whatever description, which might have bdonged to 
one party in the territory of the other. 

Property belonging to Duke and Prince of Nassau. 
The utensils of the mint of Ehrenbreitstein, the furniture in 
the castle of Engers, and the yachts belonging to their iSereiie 
Highnesses the Duke and Prince of Nassau, are reserved to them, 
to be taken away in three months from the date of the ratification 
of the present Treaty, 

Fortress of Ehrenbreitstein.* 
Akt. v. In order to insure and complete the fortifications and 
defence of the ancient Fortress of Ehrenbreitstein, situated in the 
territory ceded by the House of Nassau, in case it edliould be 
consid^ied expedient to re-establish it, it is agreed that Prussia 
shall, in general, be at liberty to erect military works wherever it 
may be thought proper, at the distance of 1,500 Rhenish yards 
{Eheinldndischen rtUhen) from the Fortress, even in those communes 
which may remain under the sovereignty of the House of NassaOf 
an indemnity being, however, given to the landowners, and wiUi- 
out prejudice to territorial relations. 

Import and Export Trade on the Rhine^ through Ehrenbreitstein and 

Vallendar, 
Art. VI. In order that the cessions agreed upon in Article I 
may not prove detrimental to the commerce of the Duchy of 
Nassau, it is agreed that the import and export trade on the 
Rhine by roads leading to that river, through Ehrenbreitstein and 
Vallendar, shall not experience any obstacle in respect to the 
inhabitants of that Duchy, nor be subjected to any new charges. 

Arrears of Bevenue and Surplus of Public Chests. 
Art. YII. With respect to arrears of revenues, and the surplus 
of tlie public chests, the same principles shall be acted upon as 
• See Tieima Congresa Treaty of 9th June, 1816, Art XXIY, § 2. 

186 



J^Va F&U8SU AND NASSAU. [31 M$f, 1815. 

[Xhr«ii1ir«LtaUint te.] 

hwe been adopted, and are now obeerved, in regard to similar 
olqecto towards His Majesty the King of the Netheriands, in 
those propoitioiis of territory which have been transferred to His 
aiid Majesty by His Majesty the King of Prossia. 

Debts of Ceded Territories. 
Abt. VIIL With regard to Debts belonging to the ceded por- 
6im of territory, it is agreed : 

A. That the private Debts of the communes, parishes, baili- 
wicks, districts, or provinces, shall be transferred, with these 
coummnes, parishes, bailiwicks, districts, and provinces to their 
futore possessor, and shall continue to belong to them. When 
the baSiwicks, districts, or provinces shall have been divided, the 
debts of these bailiwicks, districts, or provinces, respectively, 
BhaQ be shared between the two Governments, in the proportion 
inwhidithe ceded parts have hitherto contributed to the pay- 
ment of interest and the reimbursement of the capital ; or, if this 
proportion cannot be settled, in that in which these countries have 
ifi g^ieral contributed to the ordinary expenses. 

& The Debts of the public chests and chamber t>f finance of 
the Dachy of Nassau, such as their amount was ascertained to be 
(m the 31st December, 1814, shall be divided between the two 
Parties, m the proportion of the net revenues which the ceded 
territories have annually paid into the central state chests and the 
chamber of finance, taking for average the five years immediately 
pnoeding 1812, adding thereto, however, the net revenue of the 
baiwick of Runkel in the year 1814. 

0. The State Debts, and those of the chamber of finance of 
the Princes of Nassau-Orange, shall be divided between the two 
Contracting Parties, in the proportion and according to the period 
^Ii^y agreed upon, taking as the average the net revenues of 
tie chamber of Nassau-Orange in the five years from 1801 to 
1B05, and adding to each of these years the net revenues of the 
I^hips of Westerburg and Schadeck, such as they were in 
1814. 

D. The Debts of Nassau-Saarbnick, with which the state chest 
^ tile Dudiy of Nassau may yet be burdened, are not comprised 
hi Uiis distribution, but shall remain exclusively at the charge of 
the House of the Duke and Prince of Nassau. 

Pensions. 
Abt. IX« The Pensions which have been granted for services 
187 



31 May, 1816.] PRUSSIA AND NASSAU. [Ho. 23 

[Ehrenbreitstein, fto.] 

rendered to a particular part of territory, or which are chaiged 
upon secularized property lying in one of those parts — ^in a word, 
an pensions which, according to the nature of their origin, be- 
longed to any territory in particular, shall be pud by the Party 
possessing the property upon which they were originally assigned. 

The pensions granted to the army shall be paid by the Gkyvem- 
ment possessing the territory where the pensioner was bom. 

All other pensions, whidi do not come under this head, shall 
be divided in proportion to the revenues, in the manner which has 
been settled for public debts. 

Annuities shall be provided for in the same manner as debts, 
and paid, either wholly or in part, by the two Governments, 
according as different parts of a territory, or a whole country, are 
burdened vnth them. 

Local Functionaries and Persons in Office to remain in Ceded 
Territories. Pensions if allowed to Retire. 

Abt. X. The Local Functionaries and other persons in oflBce 
shall go with the territories ceded in the divided bailiwicks ; the 
Government- to whom the place of their actual residence may pass 
shall accept their services. 

All central and provincial functionaries employed in the ad- 
ministrations of "Wiesbaden, Weilburg, Dietz, and Dillenburg, 
shall either continue with, or be transferred to the House of 
Nassau. Prussia shall take charge of those of Ehrenbreitstein. 

The central functionaries who cannot continue in the service 
of either of the two Governments, or who shall be allowed to 
retire, by either Part3% in three months from the date of the pre- 
sent Convention, shall receive the pensions or superannnatioua 
fixed by the Edict of the Duke and Prince of Nassau, of the Srd 
and Gth December, 1811. 

These pensions shall be paid by the two Governments, acc(Mtl- 
ing to the rate agreed upon vnth respect to debts. 

No public ofljcer who is to be provided for by either Govern- 
ment, shall bo placed upon a less favourable footing than that 
fixed in the said Edict. 

Military Persons to return to their Native Country after the Campaign, 
Officers may remain in Service of Ceded Country. 
Akt. XI. All military persons, natives of the territories re- 
ciprocally ceded, not holding the rank of an ofiScer, shall, after the 
conclusion of the approaching campaign, be sent to the military 

188 



No. 23] PBUSSU AND NASSAU. [31 Haj, 1815. 

[EhrenbreiUtein, Ac] 

authorities of the Government to whom the place of their nativity 
shall belong : until that period they shall continue in the service 
in which they are at present. 

Officers shall not be prevented by the Government to whom the 
place of their nativity shall remain or be transferred, from having 
the option of continuing in the service of the other Government. 

• Condemned and Insane Persons to he sent to their Native Country. 

Art. XII. Persons condemned to prisons or houses of correc- 
tion, and insane persons confined in hospitals, shall bo sent to the 
respective Governments to whom the places of their nativity 
belong. 

Archives of Ceded Territories. 

Art. XIII. The Archives and collections of papers shall be 
g^ven up, according to the partition of the territories, and each 
Government shall be put in possession of the deeds and instru- 
ments which relate to that portion which is ceded to it. 

Engagements of Prussia relative to Post Offices of Taxis. 

Art. XIV. Prussia undertakes to fulfil the engagements 
entered into by the Ducal House of Nassau, relative to the Post 
of Taxis, as far as these engagements attach to those parts of the 
territory which are ceded to that Power. 

Military Road from Giessen to Ehrenbreitetein. 
Art. XV. The high road from Giessen to Ehrenbreitstein, 
which crosses the country of Nassau, shall be made a military 
road for Prussia, to establish a communication between Erfurth 
and Goblentz. Whatever has been agreed upon with respect to 
the Military Roads belonging to Prussia, which pass through the 
states of the King of Hanover and the Elector of Hesse, shall be 
applicable to the said road from Giessen to Ehrenbieitstein. 

Appointment of Commissioners for the Settlement of Dehts^ 
Pensions^ 4r€. 

Art. XVI. In order to settle definitively all such points as 
require ulterior arrangement, especially such as relate to Debts, 
Pensions, Public Functionaries, and other persons in office, the two 
Governments shall appoint Commissioners, immediately after the 
ratifications of the present Treaty, who shall assemble at Wies- 
baden, for the purpose of settling all such arraDgements with as 

189 



31 Mayi 1816.] PRUSSIA Aia>. NASSAU. [Vi 

[Bbr«Bbr0it«tein, Ae.] 

little delay as possible. They shall be empowered to take t 
measures as may be necessary, in order that the payment of 
interest of Public Debts and that of Pensions may not expert 
any interruption, that the public credit may not be shaken, and 
the business of the public oflSces may be conducted as hereto! 

Nas$<m to Jvlfil Engagements made by Prussia with the Net 

lands relative to mutual Cessions of Territory^ belonging to H 

of Nassau- Orange. 

Art. XVII. As the Convention concluded the 3l8t 1 
between their Majesties the King of Prussia and the King of 
Netherlands, relative to mutual Cessions of territory (No. ! 
contains an Aitide worded as follows : 

^^A Commission shaD be immediately app(Mnted by His Maj< 
the King of Prussia and ffis Majesty the King of the Netherla 
to settle whatever relates to the oessioii of those possesaianj 
the House of Nassau whidi belong to His Majesty, with re| 
to records^ debts, excesses of the pol^ chests, and other sub j 
of Uiis nature. 

^ That pari c^ the records wfaidi does not concern the cc 
proviiicee» but only the House ci Oraqge, and fibraries, coUecti 
of maps^ and all other objects of the same descripticMi, beloni 
to ffis Maje«^ the Kinged the Netiieriands. diaR be retained 
him as piivate and per^^nal ^my ei t^. and ^lafl be imme£a 
res^or^ to Uis Mi^je^tr. A part of the said pcsseeskiiis hi 
exchangied agwkst cdier possesekna of the Dito and Princ< 
Ka99Mk His MajeetT tfie Knig cf IVnwia ec^ages* and 
liaj««tT the Kii^ of ^e N«therittds consetts. that the engi 
nest ;!<ip«liiled in die | g teen t Aitide ahal he transfcrred to t 
Snrffte HJghwme the Nbe and Prince gT Xnssan with req 
to thiMe fose^ssMB whkh are K^ he witod to their SuteSL** 

Their Smne H^^inesaes the I^fe and Ptinoe of Xas 
ei^^ni^ to fkKL t£ the nane and ftene <€ m» Majeny tiie K 
o^ PnK^sca. the eessp^mwis ke has untiatawl en their noooi 
a$ f^ a$ :h^$e ee^:a,£^nB»Bias cvbmcx ike ierrii&.Tw and pord 
inf uprrsiccT Mco^::^ ic dif HctKit cc X^M»4>iige. which, 
the y wij iem TVy«i^. are o^M t^^ ^eiL. 

A«. XTIIL The t^wifc-Miw «^ 
«9fiiMn^<iM la Mr w^Mk$^ vr ^vnff;. IE ] 



Ko.83] PBU8SIA AKD NASSAU. [31 May, 181S. 

[BhrenlMpeitstalii, 4ko.] 

The ceded sabjects shall be at once released from the oaths of 
fiMty which bonnd them to their former Sovereigns. 

In faith of which the respective Plempotentiaries have signed 
dupreflent Convention, and have caused to be aflSxed thereunto 
the Sell of their Arms. 

DoDeat Vienna the Slst May, 1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERO. 
(L.S.) MARSCHALLDE BIEBERSTEIN. 



191 



No. ai] PBUSSIA AND SAXEWSIMAB. [1 JnnOi 1815. 

[Terxitorial,) 



No. 2^^--C0NVENTI0N between Phissia and the Grand 
Duke of Saxe-Weimar. — Signed at Vienna^ Ist June^ 1815. 



[This Gonvention fonned Annex YII to the Vienna Congress 
Treaty of 9th June, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Tablb. 

1. CesaionB bj Pruitia to Saxe-JFeimar on borders of Weimar and in FmUo. 

2. Cefsions to Saxe-Weimar to be settled bj a Conyention. 
8. Other Cessions to be made bj Prussia to Saxe-Weimar, 

4. Kew Conyention to make arrangements relatiye to Debts, Becords, Pablio 
Funds, &c. Baxe-Weimar to fulfil engagements relatiye to Grand 
Duebj of Frani^ort, 

6. Batifi c a t i o ns. 

(Translation as laid before Pailiament*) 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity, 

His Majesty the King of Prossia being desirous of carrying 
into effect the arrangements agreed upon at the Congress of 
Vienna, in favour of His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of 
Saxe- Weimar, and which His Prussian Majesty has engaged to 
fulfil; and His Majesty, as well as His Royal Highness the 
Grand Duke, having resolved to conclude a particular Treaty for 
this purpose, the two Sovereigns have named Plenipotentiaries to 
concert, agree upon, and sign, whatever relates to this subject, 
viz.: 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Prince Hardenberg, his 
Chancellor of State, his First Plenipotentiary at the Congress of 
Vienna, &c ; 

And the Sieur Charles William, Baron Humboldt, his Minister 
of State, Chamberlain, and Envoy Extraordinaiy and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, his 
Second Plenipotentiary at the Congress of Vienna ; 

And His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saze-Wdmar, 
the Sieur Emest Augustus, Baron de Gersdorff, his Privy Coun- 
cillor ; 

Who, after having exchanged their full powers, found in 
good and due form, have agreed to the following Articles : 

• For French Tenion^ see " State Papers," rol. ii, p. 100. 
192 



No. 23] PBUSSIA AND NASSAU. [31 May, 181S. 

[Ehrenbreitstain, 4ko.] 

The ceded subjects shall be at once released from the oaths of 
fidelity which bound them to their former Sovereigns. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
the present Convention, and have caused to be affixed thereunto 
the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna the 81st May, 1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) MARSCHALLDE BIEBERSTEIN. 



191 



1 June, 1815.] PRUSSIA and saxe-weimab. [No. 24 

[TerritorialO 

public funds, and other objects of a similar nature, shall form part 
of the particular Convention mentioned in Article XL 

Soj-e- Weimar to fulfil Engagements relative to Grand Duchy 
of Frankfort. 

Ilis Royal Highness the Grand Duke specially engages, on 
obtaining possession of the Principality of Fulda,* according to 
the extent of the possessions which shall belong to him, to fulfil 
the engagements which will be required of the new possessors of 
the former Grand Duchy of Frankfort. 

liatijications. 

Art. V. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifica- 
tions exchanged in four weeks. 

In faith of which, the undersigned Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and have affixed thereunto the Seals of their Arms. 

Vienna, 1st June, 1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) LE BARON DE HXIMBOLDT. 
(L.S.) LE BARON DE GERSDORFF. 

* See Conrention between Prussia and Saxe-Weiinar, of 22nd September 
1816. 



194 



Mo. 251 BENKABK AND PBUSSIA. [4 June, 1815. 

[FOmarmnift, Bnswi, and Lauenburr*] 



No.26.— r/lff^4 TY between Denmark atid Prtiseia, Signed 
at Vienna^ 4th June^ 1815. 

iw. Tablb. 

1. Cmooq of Swedish Pomerania and Island of Rugen to Prussia, 
t OUigstion imposed on King of Prnstia. 

3. OpinoD of Lauenhurg to Denmark. Bailiwick of Keuhaussj &c., excepted, 
i ObligitioDB imposed on the King of Denmark. 

5. DeKreij of Titles, Documents, &c., of Lauenhurg to King of Denmark. 
fi. Pecuniaiy Payment to be made by Prussia to Denmark. 

7. Further Peconiaiy Indemnity to be made by Prussia to Denmark. 

8. Diteofdelirery of Duchy o^ Lanenhvrg to Denmark. 

9. SftUement of Claims. 
10. BatiUcations. 

(Traiwlation.*) 
His Majesty the King of Denmark and Ilis Majesty the King 
«f Prusaia, wishing for motives of mutual convenience to agree 
to the reciprocal Cession of the Duchy of Swedish Pomerania, 
with the Principality of Rugen,t and of the Duchy of Lauenburg, 
and having resolved to conclude a formal Treaty to that effect, 
have appointed Plenipotentiaries to concert, conclude, and sign all 
that ']& necessary for that object, namely : — 

His Majesty the King of Denmark, Christian Gunther Count 
tfe Bemstorff, his Councillor of Conferences, his Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Pleniix)tentiary at the Court of His Imperial 
and Apostolic Majesty, and his Plenipotentiary at the Congress, 
^^ and Joachim Fi-ederic Count de Bemstorff, his Coimcillor of 
Conferences, and his Plenipotentiary at the Congress, &c. ; 

^ His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Prince of Harden- 
^t?^ his Chancellor of State, and his First Plenipotentiary at the 
^'JgPees of Vienna, &c. ; and Charles Guillaume Baron de Ilum- 
'^>'dt, Minister of State of His said Majesty, his Chamberlain, his 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister PlenijK^tentiary at the Court 
'^^ His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, liis Second Pleni- 
l^tentiary at the Congress of Vienna, &c. ; 

Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, found to be in 
ffood and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles : — 

* For French version, see *' State Papers/' vol. ii, p. 181. 
t See Treaty between Denmark and Sweden, of 14th January, 1814, 
Art. Vn, Appendix. 

lO.') o 2 



iTemtorialO 

inihht; fiiiu-i>. aijid <^\bv\ vV»»iecTs of a similiir ujtture. shall fv»rm part 
■V ibf iih":i.M!)uT r.u.vfiiri->ii meiitioDed in Anirk 11. 

> , -. - U V . . J /; - r, . * ,.. r.. . Euaaprmr r. t> rciof-n / ■ G"/! u r] J) nch 1/ 

Hi* i^.-ya! H:£riiiit»» uit TTraiid Dukt specially cng-agt^s. an 
iihiaiiimif p.w5St»?»siv«. x \ht Priucijialin •»[ Fiilda,* accardin^: to 
liw cxTt»n: iif :"li: j»:»s«*t-?*>i:tti> vLi;*! shall lirloiir: to Itirr^ tv* fulfil 
lilt onrac^MiitniTs whi/j. \rit ih required of tbe ik'Tt p^saessorp of 
Tilt i\»niit*- •Tnuif". Tnicri^ 0: Fraiikfjn. 

7?rr* fcu-'oi,^ 

Am. V. Tiw nri^j^t^n; TivAn shall i»t vatitied. aiid tlit T^aiifioa- 
:ii-ai?. rs(*haii£red ii: four weeks. 

ii luiri. iV viiii'K. :iit- niidt»rs:cm»d rit»niiKiiem lant^ have 
<u»nei*. i'.. fuu* h:.vt uftist-i- Titf-^Mm:. :h? >t^•^l^ o: TJit-r Ariii^. 

A'leiir.u. :«• M\\M\ l^:.^ 

:. -. : J ?r.i N rr \ »f n AK^FAHEur-; . 
.:->. \i kaiu<n t>f nvMni»:jiT. 

L >. :-F B Al^v »N 1 »F GKHSIK »nFF . 



No. 25] DENMARK AND PBUSSU. [4 June, 1815. 

[Pomerania, Buffen, and Lauenburr*] 



No. 25. — TREA TY between Denmark and Prussia. Signed 
fU Vienna^ 4th June^ 1815. 

AuT. Table. 

1. Cessiou of Swedish Pomerania and Island of Rugen to Prutsia, 

2. Obligation imposed on King of Prussia. 

3. Cession of Lauenburg to Denmark, Bailiwick of Neuhauss, &c., excepted. 

4. Obligations imposed on the King of Denmark. 

5. Deliyery of Titles, Documents, &c., of Lauenburg to King of Denmark. 

6. Pecuniary Payment to be made by Prussia to Denmark. 

7. Further Pecuniary Indemnity to be made by Prussia to Denmark. 

8. Date of deliyery of Duchy of Lavenhvrg to Denmark, 

9. Settlement of Claim?. 
10. Ratifications. 

(Translation.*) 

IIis Majesty the King of Denmark and IDs Majesty the King 
of Prassia, wishing for motives of mutual convenience to agree 
to the i-eciprocal Cession of the Duchy of Swedish Pomerania, 
with the Principality of Rugen,t and of the Duchy of Lauenburg, 
and having resolved to conclude a formal Treaty to that effect, 
have appointed Plenipotentiaiies to concert, conclude, and sign all 
that is necessary for that object, namely : — 

His Majesty tlie King of Denmark, Christian Gunther Count 
de Bemstoi^ff, his Coimcillor of Conferences, his Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of His Imperial 
and Apostolic Majesty, and his Plenipotentiary at the Congress, 
tS:c., and Joachim Frederic Count de Bemstorff, his Councillor of 
Conferences, and his Plenipotentiary at the Congress, Ac. ; 

And His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Prince of Harden- 
l)erg, his Chancellor of State, and his First Plenipotentiary at the 
Congress of Vienna, &c. ; and Charles Guillaume Baron de Hum- 
In »ldt, Minister of State of His said Majesty, his Chamberiain, his 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiaiy at the Court 
of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, his Second Pleni- 
j)otentiary at the Congress of Vienna, &c. ; 

Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, found to be in 
good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles : — 

• For French rersion, Bee *' State Papers," toI. ii, p. 181. 
t See Treaty between Denmark and Sweden, of 14th January, 1814, 
Art. VII, Appendix. 

ior> o 2 



4 June, 1815 J Denmark and pbussia. [Ho. 25 

[PomeranU, Buffen, and I«auexibTirff.] 

Hi» Majesty the King of Prussia shall cause to \ye delivered to 
His Majesty the King of Denmark, for these sums, four bonds, 
each for 500,000 crowns, payable at tlie four alx)ve-mentioned 
periods, and bearing 4 per cent, interest. 

These bonds shall be delivered at the time of the taking posses- 
sion of Swedish Pomerania, in the name of Ilis Prussian Majesty, 
and the payment of interest shall i-eckon from the same period. 

The first payment of these interests shall l)egin on the 1st 
Januar}% 181 G, and their payment shall continue from six to six 
months. 

Each of these different payments, induding the amount stipu- 
lated in the preceding Article, shall be made at Hamburgh, and to 
the persons charged by His Danish Majesty to iieceive them. 

DcUe of Delivery of Duchy of Lauenburg to Denmark, 
Art, VIII. His Majesty the King of Prussia engages to make 
over the Duchy of Lauenburg to the Danish Government, if 
possible, within the period of two, and at most within three 
months, from the date of the sigiiature of the prcsent Treaty. 

Settlement of Claims, 
Art. IX. The two High Contracting Parties, wishing to ter- 
minate as soon as possible the disciLssions relative to the Claims 
arising out of grievances or complaints which their respective 
subjects considered they could make before the last war, against 
either one or the other of the two Govennnents, and considering 
that the method adopted by the Convention of the 2nd of June of 
last year,* as well as by the Treaty of the 25th of Augustf of the 
same year, is subject to inevitable delays and difficulties, agree 
to treat upon that subject between Government and Government, 
and on either side to afford the necessary facilities, in order that 
this question may be terminated at the period of the taking 
possession of the respective ceded Provinces.} 

RattJicatio)is, 
Art. X. His Majesty the King of Denmark and Ilis Majesty 
the King of Prussia will ratify the present Treaty, and the Rati- 

• Commerco only. 

t Sec Appendix. 

J On the 7th June, 1815, a Treaty waa concluded between Prussia and 
Sweden, under the Mediation of Bussia (see Appendix) ; and Declaration! were 
exchanged on the same day, between Denmark and Sweden, relatire to the 
Treaty of Kiel of 14th January, ISli. 

198 



No. 25 J D£>'MARK AND PBUSSIA. [4 June, 1815. 

[Pomerania, Buffen, and Lauenburr*] 

ficatioDS thei-eof shall be exchanged at the head-quarters of the 
Allied Sovereigns, withiu the period of six weeks, or sooner, if 
[possible. 

lu witness whei'eof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed the present Treaty, and have affixed thereto the Seal of 
their Anns. 

Done at Vienna, the 4th June, of the year of Our Loixi, 1815. 

(L.S.) C. BERNSTORFF. 

(L.S.) J. BERNSTORFF. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE IIARDENBERG. 

(L.S.) LE BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 



109 



8 June, 1815.] GERMANY. [Mo. 96 

[Constitution of Oermany.] 

No. 26. — Fechrative ConstituHon of Germany. \^ie 



[Tliiw CoiiRtitutioii foniied Annex IX to the Vienna Co 
Treaty of 9th Juno, 1815, No. 27.] 

Abt. Table. 

1. Qermanie Confederation, 

2. Object of the Confederation. 

3. Equality of the Memben. 

4. Foderatiye Diet. 

5. Presidency of Austria at Diet. 

6. Composition of the General Assembly. 

7. Arrangements relating to the Diet. 

8. Order of Voting in Diet. 

0. Diet to assemble at Frankfort, 

10. Tlie Framing of Fundamental Laws. 

11. 1. Maintenance of Peace in Germany, Disputes to be settled thr 

Mediation of the Diet, or by an Aust regal Court. 
1 1. 2. Particular Arrangements. 
1 2. Formation of Supreme Tribunals. 
1 3. Separate Assemblies of States. 
11. Rights of Mediatised Princes. Riglits of the Ancient Nobility o 

Empire. 
15. Guarantee by the Confederation of the Rents assigned upon the Ki 

tion Duties of the Ehine, and of the Pensions to the Clergy or I 

Pensions to Members of the Teutonic Order. Fund for suppo 

Bishops and Clergy on leil bank of the Rhine. 
10. Quality of Civil and PoUtical Rights to Christian Sects. Ciril Righ 

Jews. 

17. Postal RcTenues to be retained by Tour and Taxis, 

18. Riglits of Subjects of Confederate States. 

19. Commerce and Navigation from one State to another. 

20. Ratifications. 

(TraiiBlatiun as Uiiil before rarliiinient.t) 

Genuanic Cotifederatwu.\ 

Art. I. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Tiratv (No. 27) a.s 
Art. LIII.) 

• See Convent ion between Austria and Pnissia, of 1st July, 1816; ond 
Treaty between Gnat Drituin, &c., and France, of 30th November, 1813 
Art. VI. 

t For German Version and French Translation, see " State Papers," vol. 
ii, p. 114. 

X See also Final Act of 15th Mar, 1820. 

:100 



L 



I0.1I] GERMANY. [8 June, 1816. 

[Constitution of Qermany.l] 

Object of the Confederation. 
Embodied in Vienna Conp^i-ess Treaty (No. 27) as 

Equality of the ^f embers, 
^mbo'lied in Vienna Congre^js Treaty (No. 27) as 

Fedemtive Diet, 
Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 

Presifkiicf/ of Austria at Diet. 
.ml>odied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 



Composition of the General Assembly. 
[*"^^QrJc (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 

" ^ r.w J 'J' 11 Arraufjements relating to the Diet. 
- _ . (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 

i. la Nodapcsi^ ^ ^'*^'' ^'-^ Votinj in Diet. 

\. (Embodied in Vienna Congi^ess Ti*eaty (No. 27) as 

Diet to assemble at Frankfort. 
Art. IX. (Euil)odied in Vienna Congi-es?i Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXI.) 

The Framing of Fundamental Laws. 

Art. X. (Embodied in Vienna Congix^ss Ti-eaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXII.) 

Afaintenance of Peace in Qennany. Di,^putes to be settled throvgh 
Mediation of the Diet^ or by an Austregal Court. 

Art. XI. 1. (Embodied in Vienna Congress Treaty (No. 27) as 
Art. LXIII.) 

201 



8 June, 1816.J aEBMANY. [No. 26 

[Constitution of Oormany]. 

Particular A rrangements. 
Art. XI. 2. Besides the points settled in the pi'eoeding 
Articles, relative to the establishment of the Confederation, the 
Confederated States have agreed to the arrangements contained in 
the following Articles, \vith regard to the subjects hereafter 
mentioned, which Articles shall have the same force and validity 
as the preceding ones. 

For Illation of Supreme Tribunal^, 

Art. XII. Those members of the Confedei-ation whose 
possessions do not contain a pojiulation to the number of 300,0<)0 
souls, shall imite themselves to the reigning Houses of the same 
line, or to others of the Confederated States whose population 
added to theirs will amount to the number here specified, for the 
purpose of jointly forming a Supreme Tribunal. 

In those States, however, of a smaller population, where 
similar tnbunals of the Third Itistance already exist, they shall be 
continued on their present footing, provided the population of the 
State to which they belong he not less than 150,000 souls. 

The Four Free Cities shall have the right of uniting together in 
the formation of a common and supi*eme Tribunal. 

Each party appearing before these joint and supreme Tribunals 
shall be authorised to demand a I'eference of the proceedings to 
the Faculty of Law belonging to a foreigai Univei'sit3% or to a 
Court of Reference {siege tVechevin) to whom the final sentence 
shall be submitted. 

Separate As.Hmbiie^^ of State^t, 
AuT. XIII. There shall bo Assemblies of the States in all the 
countries iK^onging to the Confederation. 

Rights of Mediatised Princes, 

Art. XIV. In order to secure to the ancient States of the 
Empire, mediatised in 1806, and in the subsequent years, the en- 
joyment of equal rights in all countries belonging to the Confede- 
ration, and conformable to the relations at present existing 
between them, the Confederated States establish the following 
principles : 

A. The Houses of the Mediatised Princes and Counts are 
nevertheless to rank equally with the high Nobility of Geimany, 
and are to retain the same privileges of buthright with the 
SovonMgn Houses {KhenhOrtigkeit) as they have hitherto enjoyed. 

202 



Ho. 18] GEBMAKY . [8 Jane, 1815. 

[Oonstitution of Oermany.] 

B. The heads of these Houses are t<> fomi the principal class 
of the States in the countries to which tliey belong : they, as well 
IS their families, are to be included in the nunilnT <»f the most 
privileged persons, i>articularly in respect to taxes. 

C. With regard to themselves, their families and pro|»erty, 
they are generally to retain all the rights and privileges attached 
to their possessions, and whicli do not l)elong to the Supreme 
Authority, or to the attributes of Govenunent. 

Among the rights which ai-e secured to them by this Article, 
we specially included : — 

1. The perfect liberty of residing in any State belonging to 
the Confederation, or at peace with it. 

2. The maintenance of family compacts, confoiinably to the 
antient Constitution of Gennany ; and the right of connecting 
their estates and the members of their families by obligatory ar- 
rangonents, which, however, ought to be made known to the 
Sovereign, and to the public authorities. 

The laws by which this right has been hitherto restricted, 
■W not be applicable to future cases. 

3' The pri^^lege of being amenable only to superior tribunals, 
wmI of being exempt from all military conscription for themselves 
uid families. 

^ The exercise of civil and criminal jurisdiction, in the First 

I^anct^ and, if the possessions are sufficiently extensive, in the 

^cond Instance, the exercise of the forest jurisdiction, of the local 

P^i and of the inspection of churches, schools, and charitable 

"wtitQtiong, the whole conformably to the laws of the country to 

wAich they remain subject, as well as to the military regulations 

^ ^preme authority reserved to the Governments, respecting 

^ J^ of the above-mentioned prerogatives, for the better de- 

7?*^g them, and, in general, for the adjusting and consoli- 

^fir the rights of Mediatised Princes, Comits, and Lords, in a 

^J^^r uniform to all the States of the German Confederation. 

5^ Ordinance issued upon this subject by Ilis Majesty the King 

^Varia, in 1807, shall be adopted as a general rule. 

Rights of the Ancient Nobility of the Empire, 

^he ancient and immediate Nobility of the Empire {TAncienne 
^^«Me immediate deT Empire) shall enjoy the rights specified in 
«<*ion8 1 and 2, namely, of sitting in the Assembly of the States, 
^ ^X^Tcising the patrimonial and foix'st jurisdiction, of the local 

2(Ki 



8 June, 1815.] GERMANY. [No. 26 

[Constitution of Oermany.] 

l)olice, of presentations to Church benefices, as well as of not 
being amenable to the ordinary tribunals. 

These rights shall, however, be exercised according to the 
regulations established b}' the laws of the country in which the 
members of this Xobility have possessions. 

In the provinces detached from Germany by the Peace of 
Lmieville of the 9th of February, 1801, and which are at present 
reunited thereto, the principles above 'specified, relative to the 
ancient and immediate Nobility of the Empire, shall, in their ap- 
plication, be subject to such modifications as may be rendered 
necessary by the relations which exist in these provinces. 

Guarantee hy the Confederation of the Rents assigned upon ike 

Navigation Duties oftheRhine^ and of the Pensians to the Clergy 

or Laity, 

Art. XV. The continuation of the direct and subsidiary Rentit 
assigned uyxm the Duties of the Navigation of the Rhine, as well 
as the arrangements of the Re'ces of the Deputation of the 
Empire, dated the 25th of Febniary, 1803,* relative to the payment 
of Debts and Pensions granted to individuals of the Clergy or 
Laity, are guaranteed by the Confederation. 

The members of the late chapters of the cathedral churches, as 
well as those of the fi-ee chapters of the Empire, shall have the 
benefit of the pensions secured to them by the said 7?aw, in 
every coimtry at peace with the Germanic Confederation. 

Pensions to Members of the Teutonic Ordei\ 
The meml>ers of the Teutonic Order, who have not yet ob- 
tained adequate pensions, shall obtain them according to the 
principles established for the chapters of cathedral churches by 
the Reel's of the Deputation of the Empire of the year 1803 ;* and 
the Princes who have acquii-ed possessions formerly belonging to 
tlie Teutonic Order, shall pay these pensions, according to their 
proportion of the property of the Teutonic Order. 

Fund for support of Bishops and Clergt/ on Left Bank of the Rhine, 

The Diet of the Confederation shall deliberate upon the 

nieasui-es to be adopted for establishing a fund for the support and 

[tensioning of Bishops and other nienil)ers of the Clergy belonging 

to the countries on the left bank of the Rhine, the payment of 

which pensions shall In? transfeiTed to the Powers actually 

possessing the said countries. This matter shall be settled within 

* f?ce App: ndix. 

204 



No. 26] a££MA^ Y. [8 June, 1815. 

[Constitution of Oennany.] 

a year, and until that time tlio pensions shall be paid as hereto- 
fore. 

Equalitij of Civil and Political Rights to Chriatian Sects. 
Akt. XVI. The different Chiiatian sect^4 in the countries and 
territories of the Germanic Confederation shall not experience any 
difference in the enjoyment of civil and political rights. 

Civil Rights of Jews, 
The Diet shall consider of the means of effecting, in the most 
uniform manner, an amelioration in the civil state of those who 
profess the Jewish religion in Germany, and shall pay particular 
attention to the measures by which the enjoyment of civil rights 
shall be secured and guaranteed to them in the Confederated 
States, upon condition, however, of their submitting to all the 
obligations imposed upon other citizens. In the mean time, the 
privileges already granted to this sect by any pai'ticidar State 
shall ]>e secured to them. 

Poatal Revenues to be retained by Tour and Taxis, 
Akt. XVII. The family of the Princes of Tour and Taxis shall 
retain the revenues aiising from tlie Post in the Confederated 
States, imder the same Regulations as were granted by tlie 
Reces of the Deputation of the Empire of the 25th Febraary, 
1803,* or by subsequent Conventions, in so far as they shall not 
have been altered by new Conventions fi-eely acceded to on both 
sides. 

In all cases the rights and pretensions of this llouse, whether 
with regard to retaining the Post, or to a fair indemnity for the 
same, such as the above Reck has settled, shall be maintained. 

This Regulation also applies to the case where the former 
administration of the Post may have been abolished since 1803, in 
contravention of the Reces of the Deputation of the Empire, 
unless, however, an uidenmity shall have been absolutely settled 
by a particular Convention. 

Rights of Subjects of ConfeiUrated States. 
Art. XVIII. The Princes and the Free Towns of Germany have 
agreed to secure to the subjects of the Confederated States, the 
following rights : 

A. That of acquirmg and possessing funded property beyond 
the limits of the State in which they are settled, without being 
* See Appendix. 
205 



8 June, 1815.1 GEEMANY. [No. 26 

[Constitution of Germany.] 

liable to pay to the foreign Power any higher tax or duty than 
those paid by its own subjects. 

B. 1. That of emigrating from one Confederated State to 
another, provided it be proved that tlic State in which they settle 
i-eceive them as subjects. 

2. That of entering into the civil or militai^ service of any of 
the Confederated States, it 1)eing, however, understood, that the 
exercise of either of tliese rights does not release them from being 
liable to military service in their own country. And in order that 
the difference of the laws with regard to their liability to military 
service may not be attended with any partial advantages or inju- 
rious consequences to any particular State, the Diet of the Con- 
federation shall consider of the means of establishing regulations 
upon this subject, as impartial as possible. 

C. The exemption from all export duty, drawback, or other 
impost of that description, in case they remove their proi)erty 
from one Confederated State to another, unless it should be other- 
wise stipulated by particular Conventions concluded Ix^tween 
them. 

D. Upon its fii-st meeting, the Diet shall frame laws for the 
liberty of the press in general, and shall adopt such measures as 
may secure authors and editors against the piracy of their works. 

Commerce and Navigation fivm one State to another, 

AuT. XIX. The Confederated States reserve to themselves the 
right of deliU'rating, at the first meeting of the Diet at Frankfort, 
upon the manner of regulating the commerce and navigation from 
one State to another, according to the principles adopted by the 
Congress of Vienna. 

Ratifications, 

Art. XX. The present Act shall be ratified by all the Con- 
tracting Parties, and the ratifications shall, in six weeks, or 
sooner, if i)OHsiblc, 1x5 addressed to the Royal and State Chancery 
of Ilis Majesty the Emperor of Austria at Vienna, and deposited 
in the Archives of the Confederation on the opening of the Diet. 

In faith of which all the Pleniix>tentiaries hai-e sigiieil the 
present instniment, and have afiixed thereunto the »Seal of tlieir 
Anns. 

Done at Vienna, the 8th June, 1815. 

(L.S.) PRINCE METTERXICH. 
(L.S.) BARON WESSENBERO. 
20fi 



No. 26] GERMANT. '8 June, 1815. 

[Constitution of OomMar.] 

{L.S.) CnARLES PRINCE IIARDENBERG. 

(L.S.) WILLIAM BARON UUMBOLDT. 

(L.S.) CII. COUNT BERNSTORFF. 

(L.S.) J. COUNT BERNSTORFF. 

(L.S.) A. COUNT RECUBERG AND ROTIIEN- 

LOWEN. 
(L.S.) II. A. BARON GLOBKJ. 
(L.S.) F. C. BARON GAGERN. 
(L.S.) E. COUNT MUNSTER. 
(L.S.) E. COUNT UARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) COUNT KELLER, acting; at the same time 

for BruMswk'k. 
(L.S.) G. F. BARON LEI'EL. 
(L.S.) J. BARON TURCKIIEIM. 
(L.b.) BARON MINCKWITZ, in the place of 

M. de Geradorff, PleiiipotPiitiary «f the 

Grand Duke of AVeuiiar, and of the 

Duken of Saxe-Gotha and of Saxe- 

Mciningeii. 
(L.S.) C. L. F. BARON BAUMBACII. 
(L.S.) BARON FI.SCIILER VON TREUBERG. 
(L.S.) BARON AL\LTZAIIN. 
(L..«.) LEOPOLD BARON PLESSEN. 
(L.S.) B.VRON OERTZEN. 
(L.S.) DE WOLFRAMSDORF. 
(L.S.) BARON FRANGK. 
(L.S.) FRANCIS ALOYSIUS KIRCIIBAUER. 
(L.S.) F. MARSCIIALL VON BIEBERSTEIN. 
(L.S.) D. GEORG WIESE, Plenipotentiarj- of the 

Pi'incef) Liechtenntein and Reuss. 
(L.S.) DE WEISE. 
(L.S.) BARON KETTELHOLDT. 
(L.S.) DE BERG, acting forWaldeck and Schanm- 

burg-Lippe. 
(L.S.) HELLWING. 
(L.S.) J. F. IIACII. 
(L.S.) DANZ. 
(L.S.) SMIDT. 
(L.S.) GRIliS*. 



207 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ic. [Ho. 27 

[Yienna ConffreM Treaty.] 

No. 21.— GENERAL TREATY between Great Britain, 
Atistna^ Fixince^ Portugal^ Frtissia, Russia^ Spaitiy* atul 
Sweden, — Signed at Mennuy 9th Juney 1815,t 

[This Treaty was signed in the French language (sec Art CXX), 
and a copy of it, in that language, will be found in - State 
Papers," vol. ii, p. 3.] 

Art. Table. 

Preamble of the Act of Congress. 

1. Poland. Dispositions relating to the Andent Duchj of Wamnr, 

2. „ Boundaries of the Grand Duchy of Poten, 

3. „ Salt Mines of WielicxJca, 

4. „ Frontier between Oalicia and the Russian Empire. 

5. „ Restitution of Districts separated from Eastern Oalicia. 

6. Ctacow declared a Free Citj. 

7. „ Boundaries of the Torritoiy of Cracow. 

8. „ Privileges granted to Podgorze. Oalicia. 

9. „ Neutrality of Cracow. 

10. „ Constitution, Academy, and Bishopric of Cracow. 

11. Poland. General Amnesty in Poland. 

12. „ Sequestrations removed ; prosecutions annulled. 

13. „ Exceptions to preceding Article. 

14. „ Free Navigation of the Rivers in Poland. 

15. Cessions made by Saxony to Prussia. 

16. Ihichtf of Saxony. Titles to be borne by the Kings of Prmssia and Saxomjt. 

17. Prussia. Guarantee of the ceded Countries designated in Art. XV. 

18. Prussia and Saxony, Renunciation by the Emperor of Austria of Rights 

of Sovereignty over Zusaiia, 

19. „ Reciprocal Renunciation of Feudal Rights. 

20. »* Reciprocal Freedom of Emigimtion. 

21. „ Property of Religions Establishments. 

22. »i General Amnesty in Saxony. 

23. Designation of the Province of which Prussia resumes possession. 

24. Prussian Possessions on this side (en de^a) of the Shine. 

25. „ Possessions on the left bank of the Pkine, Grand Duciry of ();e 

Lower JRkine. Cologne. 

26. Hanover. Kingdom of ffanorer. Late Electorate of Bruntwiclc-Luntlurg, 

27. „ Cessions made by Prussia to Hanottr. 

28. Renunciation by Pnissia of the Chapter of St, Peter in the Borougli 

of Noerten, 

29. Cessions made by Hanover to Prussia. 

* Spain did not sign this Treaty, but she acceded to it by an Act of Acres* 
sion dated 7th June, 1 817. See also Treaty between 6 Powers and Spain, 
lOth June, 1817. 

t This Treaty was confirmed by the Treaty between the 5 Powen a&d 
France of 20th Norember, 1815 Art. XI. 

208 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac [9 June, 1815 

[Viexina Conffress Treaty.] 

Table (continued), 

30. Hanover and Pnusia, Navigation and Commoree between. The Emx • 

and Port of Embden, 

31. „ „ Military Routes. 

82. Relations of the Duke de Looz-Cortwaren and of the Count of Bentheiniy 

with the Kingdom of Hanover. 
33. Cession to be made bj Hanover to Oldenburg. 
3 i. Title of Grand Duke of Oldenburg. 

35. Title of Grand Duke of Mecklenburg- Sckvoerin and Mecklenburg- St relit:. 

36. Title of Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar. 

87. Cessions to be made by Prussia to tlio Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar. 

38. Prussia and Saxe- Weimar. Ulterior arrangements regarding these 

Cessions. 

39. I) )) Territory to be given up immediately to 

Saxe- Weimar. 

40. Cession of a portion of the former Department of Fulda to Prussia. 

41. Arrangements relative to the Purchasers of Domains in the Principality 

of Fulda and the County of Hanau. 

42. Cession of the town of Wetzlar to the King of Prussia, 

43. Relations of the " Mediatised Districts " of the old Circle of Westphalia 

with the Prussian Monarchy. 
4i. Cession of the Chrand Duchy of Wurtxburg, and of the Principality of 
Aschaffenhurg to the King of Bavaria. 

45. Maintenance of the Prince Primate. 

46. The Free Town di Frankfort. 

47. Indemnities to the Grand Duke of Hesse. 

48. Reinstatement of the Landgrave ot Hesse- Homhurg, 

40. Cession of Territory to Oldenburg y Saxe-Coburg, Mecklenburg- Strel it z 
Hesse-Homburgt and the Count of Pappenheim. 

50. Future arrangements relative to these Territories. 

51. Territories and Possessions on the banks of tlie Rliinc coded to Austria. 

52. Principality of Isenburg given to Austria. 

53. Germanic Confederation. 

54. „ p Object of the Confederation. 

55. I) I) Equality of the Members. 

56. „ „ Federative Diet. 

57. . „ „ Presidency of Austria at Diet. 

58. ,, „ Composition of the GKsneral Assembly. 

59. ,. ,1 Arrangements relating to the Diet. 
GO. „ ,) Order of Voting in Diet. 

01. „ „ Diet to assemble at Frankfort. 

(52. „ n The framing of Fundamental Laws. 

(53. „ „ Maintenance of Peace in Germany. Disputes 

to be settled through the Mediation of the 
Diet, or by an Aust regal Court. 

(54. ,, „ Particular Arrangements. 

65. Netherlands. Kingdom of the. 

66. „ Boundaries of the Kingdom of the. 

67. Luxemburg. Grand Duchy of. Sovereignty of the King of the Nether- 

lands, 

209 P 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Conflrress Treaty.] 

Table (continued). 
Luxemburg. Fortress of the Oermanic ConfedertUion, 
„ A Stat-c of the Oermanic Confederation. 

68. „ Bounduries of the Grand Duchy of. 

69. „ Arrangements respecting the Duchy of Bomllon. Disputes 

to be settled by Arbitration. 
/O. Cession to Pmssia of the German Possessions of the House of NaMtam- 
Orange. 

71. Family Pact of the Princes of N<U8au, 

72. Charges and Engagements relating to the Provincee detached from 

France. 

73. B]isi8 of tlie Union of the Belgic Proyinces. 

74. Switzerland. Integrity of the 19 Cantons of. 

75. „ Union of 8 new Cantons, The Valai$y Geneva, and Neuf- 

chat el, 
„ La Vallee det Dappes. 

76. „ Union of the Bishopric of Ba»le and the Town and Terri- 

tory of Bienne, with the Canton of Berne. 
„ An Enclave given to Nenfchatel. 

77. n Rights of the Inhabitants of the Countries united wit)i 

the Canton of Berne, 

78. „ Restoration of the Lordship of Batnm to the Canton of 

Chrisone. 

79. „ Commercial and Military Conununications between Town 

of Oeneca and Canton of Vand. Versojf Boetd, Pas- 
sage of Troops. 

80. „ Cession by the King o£ Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva, 

Saeog. Simplon Boad, Passage of Troops. Exemption 
from Transit Dues. 
. 81. „ Reciprocal Compensations between Ancient and Kew 

Cantons. 
82. „ Did2)0Bal of the Funds placed in England by Cantons of 

Zurich and Berne, 
Indemnity to Proprietors of " Laud^." 
General Confirmation of the Declaration of the 20th 
March, 1815, upon the Affairs of Switzerland, 
Frontiers of the St^xtes of the King of. Island of Capraja. 
Union of the States of Genoa with the States of the King of 

Sardinia. 
Title of King of Sardinia; Duico of Genoa, 
Rights and Priyileges of the Genoese. 
Union of the Imperial Fiefs of late Ligurian BepuhUc. 
Right of Fortifying. 
Cession by the King of Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva, 
Neutrality of Challais, Favcigng, and Part of Sarog, 
Description of the Countries of which the Emperor of Austria 
takes possession on the side of Italg. Isiria, Dalmaiia, 
Mouths of the CattarOf Venive, ^c. 
04. n Territories united to the Austrian Monarchy. The Valieiine, 

BormiOy Chiavenna, Bagusa, <fc. 
95. „ Austrian Frontiers in Itali/. 

210 



83. 


if 


81. 


>» 


85. 


Sardinia. 


86. 


» 


87. 


i> 


88. 


II 


89. 


II 


90. 


II 


91. 


Savog. C 


02. 


„ » 


03. 


Italg. r 



Ho. 27] GREAT BKITAIN, AUSIRIA, &r. f 9 J^me, 1815. 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

Table (contiuneti). 

96. Mif. Navigsiion of the Po. 

97. „ Amngements respecting the '* Mont Nupoloon " at Mi fan. 

98. „ Duchy of Modena^ Reggio^ onil Mirandote / Duchy of Marfan 

and Principality of Carrara^ and Imperial Fiff^ of La Luni- 
giana, 

99. „ Duchies of Parma, Pfacentia, and OMOMtalla. 

litO. n PoflsetMiona of the Grand Duke of T\ucamg, The Presidii, Elhn, 

Piombiuo, Imperial Fieft^ 4*c. 
IW. „ Duchy of Lucca. 

1'^ „ BcTersion of the Duchy of Lucca, Furgano, &.c. 
^^ n Kestoration of the Marches, Benecento, Ponte Corro, <Jv., na 

well ad the Legations of Eavenna, Bologna, and Ftrrrara to the 

Holg See. 
^Oi ,, Restoration of £ing Ferdinand lY to Naples as King of the 

2V>o Sicilies. 

105. Portugal, Restitution of the Town of Olivenga. 

106. Fraiice and Portugal, Relations between. 

W. „ „ Restitution of French Guiana. 

106. jrwrr. Navigation of Rivers traversing dilFerent Ststcti. 
i09. „ Freedom of Navigation. 
IMX „ Uniformity of system for collecting Dues. 
lU „ Regulation of Tariff. 
112 n Offices for collection of Dues. 
lis. „ Towing Paths. 
11^ „ Port and Harbour Dues. 
11& „ Custom Houses. 

11& n Regulations to be settled by a General Arrangement. 
117. „ Confirmation of the Particular Regulations relative to the 
Navigation of the Rhine, Neckar, Moselle, Aleusc, and the 
Scheldt. 

118. Confirmation of Treaties and Particular Acts annexed to the General 

Trea^. 

119. Luntatioii to accede to the General Treaty addressed to the Powers 

asMmbled in Congress. 

120. Beaervations as to the use of the French language in the drawing up of 

this Act. 

121. Ratification of the Treaty and deposition of the original in the Archives 

of tiie Court and States of Vienna. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament*.) 

In the Name of the Most Iloly and Undivided Tnnity. 

The Powers who signed the Treaty concluded at Paris on the 

30tli of May, 1814 (No. 1), having assembled at Vienna, in ]mr- 

RtUDce of Article XXXII of that Act, with the Princes and States 

their Allies, to complete the provisions of the said Treaty, and to 

add to them tlie arrangements rendered necessary by the state in 

trhich Europe was left at the termination of the last war ; being 

• For French rersion see " State Papers," toI. ii, p. 3. 

211 P 2 



a June, laia.: GREAT BRIT JJJT, ACsTRLk, Ac. rKo, 27 



[Viaxma Coxi«reas Treaty.] 



"^ 



n«iW «ie?iir iiw c*j einbi-ace. in oae rr)miin>n traiifi>a»:tiijc, the varii3a?» 
results ni their riegotiation«, for the purpose of txrafinning' them 
by their reciprocal Ratifi* rations, have anthonsed thar Pl«iipo- 
tentiariea t«) unite, in a general Instrument, the regolatioas of 
anperior and permanent interest^ and to join to that Act, as m- 
tegral parts of the arrangements of Congrefis^ the Treaties^ Coo- 
vendoos. Declarations, Begnlations. and other particalar Acts^ as 
citeii m the present Treaty. And the above-mentiofied Powers 
having app*3inted Plenipotentiaries to the Congress^ that is to 
say: — 

Ifid Jf'fjestff thit Emptiror >)f Afiatritu Kui'j of Hunijary and 

B»)heinia : 
The Sienr Clement- Veni!esLi3-L:)thaire, Prince de Mettemich- 
Wmneboarg-Ochaenhansen, Knight of the GoWen Fleece, Grand 
Crofis of the Royal Order of St. Stephen, Knight of the Orders 
of St. Andrew, of St. Alexander-Newsky, and of St. Anne of the 
First Clasi^. Grand Cordoa of the Legion of Hoaoar, Knight of 
the Order of the Elephant, of the Supreme Order of the Annun- 
ciation, of the Blatk Eagle and the Red Eagle, of the Seraphun, 
of St. Joseph of Toflcany, of St. Hubert of the Golden Eagle of 
Wortemberg, of Fidelity of Bad^i, of St. John of Jenisalein, 
and of several others ; ChanceOor of the Military Order of Maria- 
Theresa, a Trustee of the Academy of the Fine Arts, Chamberlain, 
Privy Cooncillor of His Majesty the Emperor of Anstria, King 
of Hungary and Bohemia, his Minister of State, oi Coofereuces. 
and of Fordgn Affairs ; 

And the Sieor Joh»-Philipi, Baron de Wessenberg, Kmgfat 
Grand Cross of the MDitary and Religions Order of St. Manrice 
and St. Lazams, Grand Cross of the Orda: of the Red Eagle of 
Pmssia, and of the Crown of Bavaria, Chamberlain, and Privy 
Councillor of His Imperial and Ro^-al Apostolic Majesty : — 

//i> Majesty the King of Spain^* and the Indiet: 
Don Peter Gomes Labrador, Knight of the Royal and dis- 
tinguished Order of Charles III ; his Councillor of State:— 

His Majesty the King of France and Xavarre : 

The Sicur Charles-Maurice de Talleyraiid-Perigord, Prince of 
Talleyrand, Peer of France, Minister, Secretary of State m the 

* Spain did not sign this Tre&tj, but acceded to it bj an Act of Accession 
dat«d 7th June, 1817. See also Treat j between the 5 Powers and Spain of 
lOih June, 1817. 

212 



\ 



No. 27] aREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Congrress Treaty,] 

Department of Foreip:n Affairs, Grand Cordon of the Legion of 
Honour, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Grand Cross 
of the Order of St. Stephen of Hungary, of the Order of St. 
Andrew, of tlie Oixlers of the Bhick Eagle and the Red Eagle, of 
the Order of the Elephant, of the Order of St. Hubert, of the 
Crown of Saxony, of the Order of St. Joseph, of the Order of the 
Sun of Persia, &c. ; 

The Sieur Duke D'Alberg, Minister of State to His Majesty 
the King of France and Navan*o, Grand Cordon of the Legion 
of Honour, of that of Fidelity of Baden, and Knight of the Order 
of St. John of Jeiiisaleni ; 

The Sieur Count Gouvernet de Latour du Pin, Knight of the 
Royal and Military Order of St. Louis, and of the Ijegion of 
Honour, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of 
His said Majesty to His Majesty the Khig of the Nethei'lands ; 

And the Sieur Alexis Count de Noailles, Knight of the Royal 
and Military Order of St. Louis, Grand Cross of the Royal and 
Military Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus, Knight of the 
Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Leopold, of St. Wolodunir, of 
Merit of Prussia, and Colonel in the service of Fi-ance : — 

//w Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Qreat Britain and 

Ireland: 

The Right Honourable Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, 
Privy Councillor of His said Majesty, Member of Parliament, 
Colonel of the Ix)ndonderry Regiment of Militia, liis Principal 
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and Knight of the Most 
Noble Order of the Garter, &c. ; 

The Most Excellent and Most Illustrious Lord Arthur Welles- 
ley, Duke, Marquess, and Earl of Wellington,* Marquess of Douro, 
A'iscoimt Wellington of Talavera and of Wellhigton, and Baron 
Douio of Wellesley, Piivy Councillor of His said Majesty, Mar- 
shal of his Armies, Colonel of the Royal liOgiment of Horse 
Guards, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, and 
Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Military Order of 
the Bath ; Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo, and Grandee of Spain of the 
First Class, Duke of Vittoria, Marquis of Torres Vedras, Conde 
do Vimeira in Portugal ; Knight of the Most Illustrious Oi*der of 
the Golden Fleece, of the Military Order of St. Ferdinand of 
Spain, Knight Grand Cross of the Impenal and Military Order of 

• The Duke of Wclliiigloii did not sign this Treaty, hnring left Vienna on 
the 29th March, to t^ike command of the army in the Netherlands. 

213 



9 June, 18150 GREAT Britain, austru, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Con^resa Treaty.] 

Maria-Theresa, Kiiight Grand Cross of the Militaiy Order of 
St. George of Russia of the First Class ; Kuight Grand Cross of 
the Royal and Military Order of the Tower and Sword of Portu- 
gal ; Knight Grand Cross of the Royal and Militaiy Order ef tho 
Sword of Sweden, &c. ; 

The Right Honourable Richard Ijc Poer Tamch, Earl of Clan- 
carty. Viscount Dunlo, Baron Kilconnol, Privy Councillor of His 
said Majesty, President of the Committee of Council for the 
Affairs of Trade and Colonies, Postmaster-General, Colonel of the 
Galway Regiment of Militia, and Knight Grand Cross of the 
Most Ilonoiu-able Order of the Bath ; 

The Right Ilonoui'able William Shaw, Earl Cathcart, Viscount 
Cathcart, Baron Cathcait and Greenock, Peer of Parliament, Fnvy 
Cotnicillor of Ilis said Majesty, Knight of the Most Ancient and 
Most Honourable Order of the Thistle, and of the Orders of Russia, 
General of his Armies, Vice- Admiral of Scotland, Colonel of the 
Second Regiment of Life Guards, his Ambassador Extniordinary 
and Plenipotentiary to Ilis Majesty the Empci-or of all the 
Russias, &c. ; 

And the Right Ilonourablo Charles William Stewart, Lord 
Stewart, a Lord of His Majesty's Bedchamber, Privy Councillor 
of His said Majesty, Lieutonant-Gencral of his Armies, Colonel 
of tho 2'f\h Regiment of Light Dragoons, Governor of Fort 
Charles in Jamaica, Kniglit (li-and Cross of the Most Honoumble 
Military Order of the Bath, Knight Grand Cross of the Orders of 
the Black and Red Eagle of Prussia, Knight Gnuid Cross of the 
Order of the Tower and Sword of Portugal, and Knight of the 
Order of St. Geoige of Russia : — 

Ilis Royal Highness the Prince Regent of the Kingdoms of Portugal 
and the Brazils : 

The Sieur Don Peter de Sousa-Holstein, Count of Palmella, a 
Member of his Council, Commander of the Order of Christ, Cap- 
tain of the Gennan Company of Body Guards, Grand Cross of 
the Royal and Distinguished Order of Charles HI of S|>aiu ; 

The Sieur Antonio de Saldanha da Gama, a Meml)er of Iiirt 
Council and of the Finances, his Envoy Extraordinary and Minis- 
ter rienipotentiary to His Majesty the Emperor cf all the Russian, 
C'omniander of the Military Order of St. Benedict of Avez, First 
Equeny tu Her Royal Highness the Princess of Bi^azil ; 

And the Sieur Don Joachim Lobo da Silveira, a Member of 
his Council, Commander of the Order (►f Christ: — 

214 



No. 27] aRKAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Yienna Conflrress Treaty.] 

His Majesty the King of Prussia : 

The Prince of ITardenberg, his Chancellor of State, Knight of 
the Grand Oi-dcrs of the Black Eagle and the Ked Eagle of St, 
John of Jerusalem, and of the Iron Cross of Prussia, of the 
Orders of St. Andrew, of St. Alexander Newsky, and of St Anne 
of the Firet Class of Russia, Grand Cross of the Royal Order of 
St. Stephen of Hungary, Grand Cordon of the Legion of Ilonour, 
Grand Cross of the Order of Charles 111 of Sjiain, of St. Hubert 
of Bavana, of the Supreme Order of the Annunciation of Sar- 
dinia, Knight of the Order of the Seraphim of Sweden, of the 
Elephant of Demuark, of the Golden Eagle of Wuitemberg, and 
of several others ; 

iVjid the Sieur Charles-William, Baron de Humboldt, his 
Minister of State, Chamberlain, Envoy Extraordinary and Minis- 
ter Plenii)otentiary to His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, 
Knight of the Grand Order of the Red Eagle, and of the Iron 
Cross of Prussia of the First Class, Grand Cross of the Order of 
St. Anne of Russia, of the Order of Leopold of Austria, and of 
the Crown of Bavaria : — 

His Majesty ike Emperor of all the liussias : 
The Sieur Andrew, Prince de Rasoumoffsky, his Privy Coun- 
cillor, Senator, Knight of the Orders of St. Andrew, of St. AVolo- 
dimii', of St. Alexander Newsky, and of St. Anne of the Fii-st 
Class, Gi-and Cross of the Royal Order of St. Stephen, and of 
those of the Black Eagle and the Red Eagle of Prussia ; 

The Siem- Gustavus, Count de Stackelberg, his Privy Council- 
lor, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His 
Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, Chamberlain, Knight of 
the Order of St. Alexander Newsky, Grand Cross of the Order of 
St. Wolodimir and of St. Anne of the First Class, Grand Cross of 
the Order of St. Stephen, of the Black Eagle and the Red Eagle 
of Prussia ; 

And the Sieur Charles, Count de Nesselrode, his Privy Coun- 
cillor, Chamberlain, Seci^^tary of State for Foivign Affairs, Knight 
of the Oi-der of St. Alexander Newsky, Gi-and Cross of the Order 
of St. Wolodunir of the Second Class, of St. Stephen of Hungary, 
of the Red Eagle of Prussia, of the Polar Star of Sweden, and of 
the Golden Eagle of Wurtemberg: — 

His Majesty the King of Sweden arid Norufhy : 
The Sieur Charles- Axel, Count de Loewenhielm, Major-Oeneral 

215 



9 June, 1815.] OREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Confirress Treaty.] 

of his Armies, Colonel of a Regiment of Infaiitiy, Chamberlain, his 
Envoy Extraordiiiaiy and Minister Plenii)otentiary to Ilia Majesty 
the Emperor of all the Russias, Vice-Chancellor of hia Orders, 
Commander of his Order of the Polar Star, and Knight of tho 
Order of the Sword ; Knight of the Orders of Russia, of St. Anne 
of the Fiist Class, and of St. George of the Fourth Class ; Kuight 
of the Prussian Order of the Red Eagle of the First Class, aud 
Commander of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. 

Such of the above Pleuipotentiaries as have assisted at tho 
close of the negotiations, after having produced their full powers, 
foimd in good and due form, have agreed to place in the said 
general Listmment the following Articles, and to aflSx to them 
their signatures : — 

Fart of Duchy of Warsaw to he united to Rama, Title of Kithg of 
Poland to he home hy the Czar. 
Akt. I. The Duchy of AVarsaw,* with the exception of the 
pi-ovincos and districts which are otherwise disposed of by the 
following Ai*ticles, is united to the Russian Empire. It shall 
be irrevocably attached to it by its Constitution, and be pos- 
sessed by His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, his heirs 
and successors in ^>erpetuity. His Imperial Majesty reserves to 
himself to give to this State, enjoying a distinct administration,! 
the interior improvement which he shall judge proper. He shall 
assume with his other titles that of Czar, King of Poland, agree- 
ablj' to the form established for the titles attached to his other 
possessions. 

Poles to receive llepreseutative and National Institutions. 
The Poles, who are i csj oit ivo subjects of Russia, Austria, 
and Prussia, shall obtain a Ropivs(>ntation and National Institutions, 
regulated according to the degree of political consideration, that 
each of the Governments to which they belong shall judge exjie- 
dient and pro])er to gi-ant them. 

Part of Duchy of Warsaiv to he possessed hy Prussia as Grand 
Duchy of Posen, 
Akt. II. The part of the Duchy of Warsaw which llis 

• Sec Soparnlo Treaty between Austriu and Russia of 3rd May, 1815. 

t The distinct Administration was abolished by an Organic Statute pro- 
niulgntcd by lllc Kinpcrur of Russ a on Uie I:6lh Fcbniarr, ia32. See also 
Kole, p. 91. 

210 



Ha27j GREAT BRITATX. AUSTRIA, & . 19 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

Majesty the King (»f Prussia shall p<^s8fj*s in full *M»veruiguty 
and property, for hiiii-wlf, liis heirs, ami successoi-s, under the 
title of the Grand Ducijy of IN)seii,* shall i»e conjiMJseil within 
the followinjc lino : — 

Proccedin<]r fnmi the frontier «»f Eastern PnisHia to the villa^i^'e 
of Xeuhoff, the new hmit shall fnllnw the frontier of Western 
Prussia, such as it sub-listed from 1772 to the Peac«' of Tilsit 
[I'^U?', to tlie villa^» of Leibits^-h, which shall belong to the 
Duchy of Warsaw ; from thence shall be dniwji a lhM», whirh, 
leaving Kompania, Grabowiei^', and »Szczytnoto Pnis.sia, pasHes the 
Viutula, near the last -mentioned place, from the other side of 
the river, which falls into the Vistula opiJ^psite Szczytno, to the 
ancii'Ut limit of the district of tlie Nelze, near GroHs-()p«x:zko, Sf) 
that ^luzewo shall belonj;; to the Duchy, and Przybranowa, llol- 
laender, and Maciejevo, to Prussia. From (Jr()ss-()|HK-zko it 
.<lialJ pass I13' Clih'wiska, wliidi shall reniain to Prussia, to tin* 
vill.'ii,'x* of Piy.ybyslaw, aJid from thence by the villai^es of Piaski, 
ClitlniL-e, Witowiczki, Kobylinka, Woyczyn, Orehowo, to the town 
of PowiJz. 

PromPowidz it shall continue by the town of Sluiice to the 
ixjiut of confluence of the rivers Waiiha and Pixwna. 

From this p<jint it shall reascend the course of the river 
PrtJSiia to the \-illage of Koscielnawies, to within one league of 
the town of Kalisch. 

Then leaving to that town (on the side of the left bank of the 
Pnjenaj, a semi-ciivular territory nieasuixHl l>«rth(.' distance from 
Ko^'ieluawies to Kalisch, the line shall ivturn to the course of 
the Prosiia, and shall continue to follow it, ivascending by the 
tovnis of (jral>ow, NVieruszow, lJ<»leslawiec*, 8<p as totenninate near 
the village <)f G«^la, ui^on the frontier of .Silesia, op}»osite Pitschin. 

WitUcilo Suit Miiicii mill IVminnj in he 2>"Sii*'fiScd hy Austnu.\ 

Ain-. III. Ilis Imperial and K<»yal Aj>ostolic Majesty shall iws- 
8C-.S8, in full pn)i>erty and soveivignty, thesnlt-niinesof Wieliczka, 
and the territory theivt«j belonging. 

Front lei' hetiroen Galicvi and Bussia.X 
Art. IV. The way or l»ed {TtmJweg) of the Vistula shall sepa- 

• Sec Separate Treaty betwi'cn rnii*sia and Russia of 3rtl Maj, 1815. 
t See Treaty bitwcoii Aus-tria jmkI Russia of anl Mriy, 1815, Art. II. 

♦ Sec same Tn'aty, Art. III. 

217 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BBITAIN, AUSTRU, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna OonffreMi Treaty.] 

rate Galicia from the tenitory of the Free Town of Cracow, (t 
shall serve at the same time as the frontier between Galida and 
that part of the ancient Duchy of Wai-saw united to the States of 
His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, as far as the vicinity 
of the town of Zavichost. 

From Zavichost to the Bug, the diy frontiers shall be deter- 
mined by the line dra\^ni in the Treaty of Vieima of 1809,* ex- 
cepting such modifications aa by common consent may be thought 
necessary to he introduced. 

The frontier from the Bug shall be re-established on this 
side (de ce cote) between the two Empires, such as it was before 
the said Treaty. 

UcdituHon hy Rtismi to Austria of Districts sej) a rated from 

Eastern Galicia.'\ 
Art. V. Uis Majesty the Empei-or of all the Russias cedes to 
His Imperial and Royal Ai)Ostolic Majesty the districts which 
have been separated from Eastern Galicia, in consequence of the 
Treaty of Vienna of 1809,J from the Circles of Zloczow, Brzezan, 
Tarnopol, and Zalesczyk, and the frontiers on this side (de ce cote) 
shall be re-established, such as they were bt^fore the date, of 
the said Treaty. 

Cracow declared to be a Frre, NctUral, and Indepeiident Ihivn, 
under tlie Protection of Austria , Russia, and Prussia. 

Art. VI. The Town of Cracow, with its Territory, is declared 
to be for ever a Free, Independent, and strictly Neutral City, 
under the protection of Austria, Russia, and Prussia. 

Boundaries of the Territory of Cracow.\\ 

Art. VII. The territory of the Free Town of Cracow shall havo 
for its frontier upon the left bank of the Vistula a line, which, 

* Treaty between Austria and France of 14tli October, 1809, Art. III. 
Annulled. See p. 23. 

t See Treaty between Austria and Russia of 3rd May, 1815, Art. I. 

X See Treaty between Austria and Prussia of 3rd May, 1815, Art. IV ; aud 
Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Russia of 6th Noyember, 1846. 

§ See note p. 127. 

II See Treaty between Prussia and Russia of Srd May, 1815, Art. 11 ; and 
Additional Treaty between Austria, Prussia, and Ruwia of the saine date, 
Arts. II and ITT. 

218 



No. 27] GREAT B&ITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 Jane, 1815. 

[ViennA ConffroM Treaty.] 

be^oimiiig at the spot near the village of Woliva, whera a stream 

falls into the Vistula, ^hall asc^ud this stream by Clo, aud Kos- 

deloiki as far as Czulice, so that these villages may be iucliided 

ia the district of tlio Free Town of Cracow ; from thenco passing 

aloDg the froutiers of these villages the line shall continue by 

DzickaQovioe, Garlice, Toinaszow, Karuiowice, which shall also 

remain in the territory' of Cracow, to the point where the limit 

begins which separates the district of Krzeszovice from that of 

Olkosz; from thence it shall follow this limit between the two 

said provinces, till it reaches the frontiers of Silesian Prussia. 

Craco\c, Privileges granted to Podgorze,* 

Akt. VIII. His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, wishing par- 
ticularly to facilitate as much as possible on his part, the ajm- 
mercial relations, and good neighbourhood between Galicia and 
the Free Town of Cracow, grants for ever to the town of Podgorzc, 
the privileges of a Free Commercial Town, such as are enjoyed 
by the town of Brody. This hberty of commerce shall extend to a 
distance of 500 tr)ises from the barrier of the suburbs of the town 
uf Fodgorze. 

Cracow. Austrian Right of Sooereignty over P<nhjurzf\ 
Neutral itg of Cracow. 

In consequence of this perpetual concession, which nevertheless 
shall not affect the rights of sovereignty of His Imperial and 
Royal Apostolic Majesty, the Austrian custom-houses shall be 
established only in places situated beyond that limit. No military 
establishment shall be formed that can menace the Neutrality of 
Cracow, or obstruct the liberty of commerce which IDs Imperial 
and Royal Apostolic Majesty grants to the town and district of 
Podgorze. 

Cracow. Neutrality to he respected by Austria, Prussia, and 
liiuf8ia,'\ 

AicT. IX. The Courts of Kussia, Austria, and Prussia engage 
to respect, and to cause to be always resi)ected, the NeutraUty of 
the Free Town of Cracow and its Teiritory. No armed force shall 
be introduced upon any pretence whatever. 

* See Additional Treat j between Austria, Prussia, and Russia of 
Zrd Umj, 1815, Art. III. 

t See same Treaty, Art. VI, and Noto, ]>. 127. 

219 



9 June, 1815] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna ConerreM Treaty.] 

Cracow. Surrender of Fugitive Deserters from Austria^ Pnissia, or 

Russia. 
On the other hand it is understood and expressly stipulated 
that no asylum shall be afforded in the free town and territory of 
Cracow to fugitives, deserters, and i)er8ons under prosecution, 
belonging to the countiy of either of the High Powers aforesaid ; 
and in the event of the demand of their Burrender by the com- 
petent authorities, such individuals shall be arrested and given up 
without delay, and conveyed, under a proper escort, to the guard 
appointed to reauve them at the frontier. 

Constitution^ Academy^ and Bishopric of Cracow.* 
Art. X. The dispositions of the Constitution of the Free Town 
of Cracow, concerning the Academy, the Bishopric, and Chapter of 
that town, such as they are specified in Articles VII, XV, XVI, and 
XVII of the Additional Treat}' relative to Cracow (No. 14), which 
is annexed to the \ rosent General Treaty, shall have the same 
force and validity as if they wore textually inserted in this Act, 

Poland. General Amnesty.^ 
Art. XL A full, general, and special Amnesty shall be granted 
in favour of all individuals, of whatever rank, sex, or condition 
they may be. 

Poland. Sequestrations to he rcincvcd. Prosecutions to he 
anmdlcd.i 

Art. XII. In consequence of the preccdu)g Article, no person 
in future shall be i>rosecuted or distmbed, in any manner, by 
reason of any participation, direct or indirect, at any time, in tho 
political, civil, or militaiy events in Poland. All prcceedingF, 
suits, or prosecutions are considered as null, the sequestrations 
and provisional confiscations shall bo taken off, and every Act 
promulgated on this ground shall be of no effect. 

Poland. Exceptions to preceding Article respecting Coitfiscation.% 
Art. XIII. From these general regulations on the subject ( f 

* See Additional Treaty between Austria, Pniwia, and Russia, of 
3rd May, 1816, Art. VI. 

t See Treaty between Prussia and Russia of 8rd May, 1815, Art. V, 
and Treaty between Austria and Bussia, same dale, Art. VII. 

J See Treaty between rniseia ond Kupsia of 3rd May, 1815, Art. VI ; ar.d 
Treaty between Austria and Ru.v^ia, same date, Art. VITI. 

§ See Treaty between Prussia and Russia of 3rd May, 1815, Art. Til ; 
and Tnaty between Austria and Russia, same date. Art. IX. 

220 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Confirress Treaty.] 

confiscation are excepted all those cases in which edicts or sen- 
tences, finally pronounced, have already been fully executed, and 
have not been annulled by subsequent events. 

Free Navltjatloa of the Rioers in Poland * 
Art. XIV. The principles established for the free navigation 
of Rivers and Canals, in the whole extent of ancient Poland, as well 
as for the trade to the ports, for the circulation of articles the 
growth and produce of the different Polish provinces, and for the 
commerce, relative to goods in transitu, such as they are specified 
in Articles XXIV, XXV, XXVI, XXVIII, and XXIX of the Treaty 
between Austria and Russia (No. 12), and in Aiticles XXII, 
XXIII, XXIV, XXV, XXVIII, and XXIX of the Treaty between 
Russia and Prussia (No. 13), shall be invariably maintained. 

Cessions from Scuvony to PriissUL.'\ 
AiiT. XV. His Majesty the King of Saxony renounces m 
peipetuity for himself, and all his descendants and successors, 
iu favour of His Majesty the King of Pnissia, all his right and 
title to the provinces, districts, and territories, or parts of terri- 
tories, of the Khigdom of Saxony, hereafter named; and His 
Majesty the King of Prussia shall possess those countries in com- 
plete sovereignty and property, and shall unite them to his 
Monarchy. The districts and territories thus ceded shall be sepa- 
rated from the rest of the Kingdom of Saxony by a line, which 
henceforth shall form the frontier between the Prussian and Saxon 
territories, so that all that is comprised in the limit formed by this 
luie, shall be restored to His Majesty the King of Saxony ; but 
His Majesty renounces all those districts and territories that are 
situated beyond that lin^, and which belonged to him before the war. 
The line shall begin from the frontiers of Bohemia, near 
Wiese, in the neighbourhood of Seidenberg, following the stream 
of the River Wittich, imtil its junction with the Neisse. 

From the Neisse it shall pass to the Cirelo of Eigen, between 
Tauchritz, which shall belong to Prussia, and BertschofF, which 
shall remain to Saxony ; then it shall follow the northern frontier 
of the Circle of Eigen, to the angle between Paulsdorf and Ober- 
Sohlaud ; thence it shall be contumed to the limits that separate 

* See Treaty betweeu AuBtriui PruBsia, and Russia of IStli May, 1815. 

t See Treaties between Austria, Prussia, and Russia, and Saxony of 
18th May, 1815; Prussia and Schwartzburg-Sondersliausen of 15th June, 
1816 : and Prussia and Schwartzburg-Rudolstadt of 19th June, 181G. 

221 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [Ho. « 

[Vienna Oongrenm Treaty.] 

the Circio of Gorlitz from that of Bautzen, m such a maimer thai 
Ober-Mittel aiid Nieder-Sohland, Olisch, and Radewitz remam ii 
tlie possession of Saxony. 

The great post road between Gorlitz and Bautzen shall belong 
to Prussia, as far as the limits of the said Circles. Then the line 
shall follow the frontier of the Circle to Dubrauke; it shall then 
extend upon the heights to the right of the Lobauer-Wasser, sr 
that this rivulet, with its tw^o banks ,and the places upon them, ae 
far as Neudorf, shall remain, with this village, to Saxony. 

The line shall then fall again upon the Spree, and the Schwarz- 
wasser ; Liska, Ilermsdorf, Ketten. and Solchdorf are assigited tc 
Prussia. 

From the Schwarz-Elster, near Solchdorf, a right line shall 
be drawn to the frontier of the Loi-dship of Konigsbruck, near 
Gross-graebchen. This lordship remams to Saxony, and the line 
shall follow its northern boundary as far as tlie Bailiwick of 
GrctssenhayUy in the neighbourhood of Ortrand. Ortrand, and the 
road from that place by Merzdorf, Stolzenhayn, Grobeln, and 
Miihlberg (with the villages on that road, so that no part of it re- 
main beyond the Prussian territory) shall be under the Govern- 
ment of Prussia. The frontier from Grobeln shall be traced to^hc 
Elbe near Fichtenberg, and then shall follow the Bailiwick of 
Miihlberg. Fichtenberg shall be tlie property of Prussia. 

From the Elbe to the frontier of the country of Merseburg, it 
shall be so regulated that the Bailiwicks of Torgau, Eilenbiirg, 
and Delitsch shall pass to Prussia, while those of Oflchfttz» 
Wurzen, and Leipsic, shall remaui to Saxony. Tlie line shall 
follow the frontier of these bailiwicks, dividing some incIoBures 
and demi-inclosures. The road from Miihlberg to Eilenburg shall 
be wholly within the Prussian teiritory. 

From Podelwitz (belonging to the Bailiwick of Leipsic, and 
remaining to Saxony) as far as Eytra, which also remains to her, 
the line shall divide the country of Merseburg in such a manner 
that Breitenfeld, Haenichen, Gross and Elein-Dolzig, Mark- 
Eanstiidt and Kuaut-Nauendorf, remain to Saxony ; and Modei- 
witz, Skenditz, Klein-Liebenau, Alt-Kanstadt, Schkoehlen, and 
Zietschen, i>a6s to Prussia. 

From thoiice the line fhall divide tie Bailiwick of Pc^an 
between the Floss-graben and the Weisse-Elster ; the former, 
from the point where it separates itself above the town of Crossen 
(which forms pait of the Bailiwick of Haynsbnrg) from the 

222 



No. 271 GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vlenxut Conffreu Treaty.] 

Weisne-Elnter to the point where it joins the Saale, Uluw the 
town of Mersebnrg, shall belong, in its whole course Iwtweeu 
those two towns, with both its banks, to the Prussian territory. 

Prom thence, where the frontier touches upon that of the 
ciioiitijof Zeitz, the line shall follow it as far as the brjundary of 
the country of Altenburg, near Luckan. 

The frontiers of the Circle of Neustadt,* which wholly falls 
nmler the dominion of Pnissia, rt»main untouched. 

The inclosin^es of Voigtland, in the district of Reuss, that is to 
MyOefail, Blintendorf, Sparenberg, and Blankenl>erg, are com- 
prised in the share oi Prussia. 

dwkyof SoJtony, Titles to he home hy the Kings of Frussta mul 
S'U'onij.f 

Art. XVI. The provinces and districts of the Kingdom of 
Saxony,! whkih are transferred to the dominion of His Majesty 
the King of Prussia, shall be distinguished by the name of the 
Dochyof Saxony, and His Majesty shall add to his Titles those of 
ftike of Saxony, Landgi-ave of Thuringia, Margiiive of the two 
Lttsatias, and Count of Ilenneberg. 

Ha Majesty the King of »Saxony shall continue to bear the 
♦Hie of Margrave of Upper Lusatia. 

His Majesty shall also continue, with i-elation to, and in viitue 
^f his right of eventual succession to the possessions of the 
En^estine branch, to bear the title of Landgi-ave of Thuringia and 
^^ottiil of Henneberg. 

'^*««a and Saxony. Ouara7Uee hy Great IWitalny Austria^ Fraure, 
and Euma of Co/untrles ceded hy S^wony to Pnisitia. 

^. XVII. Austria, Russia, Great Britain, and France guaran- 
teetoflig Majesty the King of Pmssia, his descendants and succes- 
^^ the possession of the countries marked out in A rticle XV, in 
'P'^'ljcrty and sovereignty. 

'***"^ and Saxony, Benunciation hy the Emperor of Austria of 

Bights of Sovereignty over Lusatia, ^ 
^^. XVnL His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, 

^eurtadt waa ceded to tlic Grand Duke of Saxc-Wcimnr by the Treaty of 
^Htember, 1815. 

. ' ^Treaty between Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Saxony of 18tli May, 
^' Art. IV. 

X Bee Treaties between Prus&ia and Schwartzburg-Sondershausenof 151 h 
^^ 1816, and Schwartxburg-KudolstwU of 19th June, 18lfi. 

223 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, ic. [No. 27 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

wishing to give to the King of Prussia a fresh j^roof of his desire 
to remove every object of future discussion between their two 
Courts, renounces for himself and his successors his nghts of 
Sovereignty over the Margraviates of Upper and Lower Lusatia, 
which belonged to him as King of Bohemia, as far as these rights 
concern the portion of these provinces placed imder the dominion 
of His Majesty the King of Prussia by virtue of the Treaty with 
Ilis Majesty the King of Saxony, concluded at Viemia on the 
18th May, 1815 (No. 16).* 

As to the right of reversion of His Imperial and Royal Apos- 
tolic Majesty to the said portion of the Lusatias united to 
Prussia, it is traiteferred to the House of Brandenburg now reign- 
ing in Prussia, His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty 
reservmg to himself and his successors, the power of resuming 
that right in the event of the extinction of the said reigning 
House. 

His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty renounces also 
in favour of His Prussian Majesty, the districts of Bohemia 
inclosed within the part of Upper Lusatia ceded by the Treaty of 
the 18th May, 1815 (No. 16), to His Pnissian Majesty, which 
districts comprehend the places of Qiintersdorf, Taubentraenke, 
Neukretschen, Nieder-Gerlachsheim, Winkel, and Ginkel, with 
their territories. 

T-nmia and Saxony, Reciprocal Renunciation of Feudal RigliUf, 

Art. XIX. His Majesty the King of Prussia and Ilis Majesty* 
the Khig of Saxony, wishing particularly to remove every object 
of future contest or dispute, renounce, each on his own part, and 
reciprocally hi favour of one another, all feudal rights or pi-eten- 
sions which they might exercise or might have exercised beyond 
the frontiei*s fixed by the present Treaty. 

Prussiu and Saxony. Reciprocal JFreedom of Emigration, f 

Art. XX. His Majesty the King of Prussia promises to direct 
that proper care be taken relative to whatever may affect the 
property and interests of the respective subjects, upon the most 
liberal principles. 

The present Article shall be obsen^ed, particularly with regard 
to the concerns of those individuals who possess property both 

* See Treaty between Prussia, Saxony, &c., of 18tk May, 1815. 
f See Treaty between Prussia, Saxony, &c., of 18th May, 1815, Art. XIII. 

224 



No. 27] CfREAT BRITAIN, AUbXRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Oonfirress Treaty.] 

under the Prus-jian and Saxon Governments, to the conmierce of 
Leipsic, and to all other objects of the same nature ; and in order 
that the individual liberty of the inhabitants, both of the ceded 
and other provinces, may not be infringed, they shall be allowed 
to emigrate from one territory to the other, without being exempted, 
liowever, from military service, and after fulfilling the formalities 
required by the laws. They may also remove their property 
without being subject to any fine or drawback {Abzuysyeld). 

Prussia and Saxony. Property of lieliglous Esiahllshuenfs* 
Art. XXI. The communities, corporations, and religious esta- 
blishments,* and those for public instruction in the provinces 
ceded by His Majesty the King of Saxony to Prussia, or in the 
provinces and districts remauiing to His Saxon Majesty, shall 
preserve then- property, whatever changes they may undergo, 
as well as tlie rents becoming due to them, according to the 
act of their foundation, or which they have acquired by a 
legal title smoe that period under the Pi'ussian and Saxon 
Governments ; and neither party shall interfere in the adminis- 
tration and in the collection of the revenues, provided that 
they be conducted in a manner conformable to the laws, and 
that the charges be defrayed, to which all property or rents of 
the like nature are subjected, in the territory in which they occur. 

Prussia and Saxony, Qeneral Amnesty in Saxany.f 

Art. XXII. No individual domiciliated in the provinces 
which are under the dominion of His Majesty the King of 
Saxony, any more than an individual domiciliated in those 
which by the present Treaty pass under the dominion of the 
King of Prussia, shall be molested in his person, his property, 
rentes, pensions, or revenues of any kmd, in his rank or digni- 
ties, nor be prosecuted or called to account in any manner for 
any part which he, either in a civil or military capacity, may 
have taken in the events that have o(;curred since the com- 
mencement of the war, termmated by the Peace concluded at 
Paris on the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1). 

This Article equally extends to those who, not being domi- 
ciliated in either part of Saxony, may possess in it landed pro- 
perty, rents, pensions or revenues of any kind. 

* See Treaty between Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Saxony of 18th May, 
1815, Art. XVI. 

t See Treaty between Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Saxony of 18th May, 
1815, Art. XXI. 

225 ^ 



9 June, 1815.] aREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 27 

[Yiexma Oonffress Treaty.] 

Designation of the Provinces of which Prussia resumes Possession, — 
Art. XXIII.* His Majesty the King of Prussia having in con— j 
sequence of the last war, reassumed the possession of the pro— ^ 
vinces and territories which had been ceded by the Peace ot^: 
Tilsit [1807],t it is acknowledged and declared by the preseni*^ 
Article that His Majesty, his heirs and suocessoi-s, shall posses^-* 
anew, as formerly, in full property and Sovereignty, the followfaipsg 
countries, that is to say ; 

Those of his ancient provinces of Poland specified in "= 
Article II ; J 

The City of Dantzig and its teiritory, as the latter was deter— ^ 
mined by the Treaty of TUsit [1807] ;§ 

The Cuxde of Cottbus ; 

The Old March; 

The part of the Circle of Magdeburg situated on the left bank 
of the Elbe, together with the Circle of the Saale ; 

The Principality of Halberstadt, with the Lordships of Denen- 
burg, and of Hasaenrode ; 

The Town and Territory of Quedlinburg (save and except the 
rights of Her Royal Highness the Princess Sophia Albertine of 
Sweden, Abbess of Quedlinburg, conformably to the arraDgementa 
made in 1803) ; 

The Prussian pait of the County of Mansfield ; 

The Prussian pai-t of the County of Hohenstein ; 

The Eichsfeld ; 

The Town of Nordhausen with its territory ; 

The Town of Miihlhausen with its territory ; 

The Prussian part of the district of Trefourt with Dorla ; 

The Tovnx and Tcnitor^' of Erfurth,|| with the exception of 
Klein-Brembach and Berlstedt, inclosed in the Principality of 
Weimar, ceded to the Gi-aiid Duke of Saxe- Weimar by Article 
XXXIX ; 

The Bailiwick of Wander8leben,f belonging to the County of 
rnter-gleichen ; 

The Principality of Paderbom, with the Prussian part of the 

• See Treaty between Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Saxony of ISth May, 
1815, Art. LXXVI, § 2. f AnnuUed. 

t Treaty between France and Bussia of 71 h July, 1807, Art TI. 
AnnuUed. 

§ Treaty between Prussia, Fmnce, and Russia of 7lh July, 1807. 
Annulled. 

II See Art. XXXIX, p.' 237. f See also Ari. XXXIX, p. 237. 



No. 27] GREAT BR1T.UN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

Bailiwicks of Sch Wallenberg, Oldenburg, and Stoppelberg, and 
the jurisdictions (Gerichte) of Ilagendom and Odenhausen, situated 
in the territorj' of Lipj^e ; 

The County of Mark, with the part of Lipstadt* belrmging to it ; 

The County of Werden ; 

The County of Essen ; 

The i)art of the Duchy of Cleves on the right bank of the 
Rhine, with the town and fortress of Wesel ; the part of tlie 
Duchy, situated on the left bank, 8i)ecified in Article XXV ; 

The secularised Chapter of Elten ; 

The Principality of Munster, that is to say, the Prussian part 
of the former Bishopric of Munster, with the excejition of that 
part which has been ceded to His Britannic Majesty, King of 
Hanover, in virtue of Ai-ticle XXVII ; 

The seculai-ised Provostship of Cappenburg ; 

The County of Tecklenburg ; 

The County of Lingen, with the exception of that part ceded to 
the kingdom of Hanover by Article XXVII ; 

The Principality of Minden ; 

The County of Ravensburg ; 

The seculaiised Chapter of Herford ; 

The Principality of Neufchatel,t with the County of Valengin, 
such as their Frontiers are regulated by the Treaty of Paris (No. 1), 
and by Article LXXVI of this General Treaty. 

The same di8ix>8ition extends to the rights of Sovereignty and 
nnzerainete over the County of Wernigerode, to that of high pro- 
tection over the County of Hohen-Lirabourg, and to all the other 
rights or pretensions whatsoever which His Pnissian Majesty 
l)08sessed and exercised, before the Peace of Tilsit [1807], and 
Avhich he has not renounced by other Treaties, Acts, or Con- 
ventions. 

Prussian Possessions on this side (en de9a) of the Rhine. 

Art. XXIV. His Majesty the King of Prussia shall unite to 
his Monarchy in Germany, on this side of the Rhine,:^ to be pos- 

♦ See Treaty botwoon Prussia and Lippe of 17tli May 1850. 

t The King of Prussia renounced hiii Sovereign Rights over the Princi- 
pality of Keufchatcl and the County of Valengin, by the Treaty between Great 
Britain, Austria, France, Prussia, Bussia, and Switzerland of 26th May, 1857, 
hy wliich Treaty it was also declared that the Principality should continue to 
fomi part of the Swiss Confederation in conformity with Article LXXV, 
p. 254, of the Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June 1815. 

t Seo also Arts. XXIX and XLIT, pp. 232, 238. 

227 *i 2 



9 June, 1815.1 GKEAT BRITAIN. AL'STRIA, kc. 
[Vienna Confirress Treaty.] 

sosBod by him and his .successors in full projxjrty aut' 
the following countries : 

The provinces of Saxony desi;^nated in Article 
exception of the places and terri tones ceded, 
Article XXXIX, to His Highness the Grand I 
Weimar ; 

The territories ceded to Prussia by His Brita 
King of Hanover, by Ailide XXIX ; 

Part of the Department of Fulda, and such of 
comprehended therein as are siX3cified in Article XL 

The Town and Territory of Wetzlar, according to 

The (xrand Duchy of Berg witli the Lordships of 
Broik, Styrum, Scholler and Odenthal, formerly be) 
said Duchy under the Palatine Government ; 

Tlie districts of the ancient Archbishopric of C 
Ixjlonging to the Grand Duchy of Berg ; 

The Duchy of Westphalia, as lately possessed 1 
Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse ; 

The County of Dortmund ; 

The Principality uf ('orboy : 

The Mediatised Districts si>eciried in Article XLI 

The ancient possessions of the ILouso of Nassau- 
been ceded to Piiissia by His Majesty the King of the 
(No. 22), and a part of these possessions having bet 
for the districts belonging to their Serene' Highnesses i 
Prince of Nassau (No. 23), the Khig of Prussia shall pt 
in sovereignty and proi)erty, and unite them to his mo 

1. The Principality of Siegen with the Bailiwicks 
and Neunkirchen, with the cxcei)tion of a part contaii 
inhabitants, to belong to the Duke and Prince of Nassau* 

E/i renb reittfte in , i)c. 

2. The Bailiwicks of Ilohen-Solms, Greifcnstehi, Bran 
Frensberg, Friedcwald, SchOnstoin, ^chonbcrg, AltenkL 
Altenwied, Diordoi f, Neuerburg, Linz, Hanunerstoin, with E 
andHeddesdorf ; the town and tcTnttiry (Banh'nie Gemtirkin 
Neuwicd; the parish of Ham, U*lunguig to the Bailiw! 
Hackenbei'g ; the paiish of Ilurhausen, constitutuig pai-t ( 
Bailiwick of Ilersbach, and the parts of the Bailiwicks of Vail 
and Ehrenbi-eitstein, on the right bank of the Rhine, deaigoa 
the Convention concluded between His Majesty tho Ki 

* See Trcatr betweou Pnuain and Nassau of Slat Mav, 1815. 
228 



Ho. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRL\, A< . [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

Prussia and their Serene Ilifi^hnesseft tlie Duke and Prince of 
Nassau, annexed to the pn*sciit Tivaty (No. 23). 

Pruxnaii Pu^jteftainHii mi thr h\ft hunk nj fhe Ithiitf*, 

Art. XXV. His Majesty the King (»f Prussia sliall alsoj)osfte6s 
ill full proi^rty and 8ovcrei;^ity, the countries on the K*ft bank of 
the Rhine, included in the frontier hereinafter designated : 

This frontier shall commence on tlie Khine at Bingen ; it 
shall thence ascend the course of tiio Xahe to tlie junction of tlii.s 
river with the Glan, and along the Glan to the villagi* of Medart, 
l>elow Laoterecken; the towns of Kreutznach and MeiacMihehn, 
vith Iheir territories, to belong entire!}' to Pnisnia ; but Lau- 
toecken and its territory to remain beyond the Prussian frontier. 
From the Glan the frontier shall pass by Medart, ]\Ierzweiler, 
Langweiler, Niedcr and Ober-Feckenbach, Ellenbach, Creun- 
chenbom, Answeiler, Cronweiler, Nieder-bnimbach, Burbach, 
Bcechweiler, Ileubweiler, Hambach, and lIintzcnlK*rg, to the 
limits of the Canton of Ilermeskeil ; the ab<jve places shall Ik» 
indoded within the Prussian frontiers, and shall, together with 
their terrilorics, belong to Prussia. 

From Rintzenberg to the Sarre the line of demarcation shall 
follow the cantonal limits, so that the Cantons of Ilermeskeil and 
Conz (m which latter, however, are excepted the places on the 
Wthink of the Sarre) shall remain wholly to Pnissin, while the 
Cttitong of Wadern, Merzig, and t^arreburg are to be beyond 
the Prussian frontier. 

ftom the point where the limit of the Canton of Conz, below 
ComKngen, traverses the Sanv, the line shall descend the l^aiTe 
tin it falls hito the Moselle ; thence it shall re-a.sct-nd the Moselle 
to its jnnction with the Sarre, frojn the latter river Xo the mouth 
of theOnr, and along the Our to the limits (»f the ancient Depart- 
^wat of the Ourthe. The places traversed by these rivers shall 
not at all be divided, but shall belong, with their territories, to 
the Power in whose State the greater pail (»f tlusf }»l:ices shall 
l^wtnatt'd; the Rivers tliemsrlvey, in st) far as tluy form the 
fitmlier, f<hall lielong in common to the tw«> I'owi'rs bordering on 
them. 

In the old IX^partment c»f the Ourihe, the five Cantons of 
Saint-Vith, Malmedy, Cronenburg. Schieiden, and Eui)en, with 
the advanced point of the Canton of Aubel, to the s.mth of Aix-la- 
t'hapelle, shall belong to Prussia, and the frontier shall fc^llow that 

229 



Mil.: 023LAI 5^:7 LIT AT^TEli fc:. Tli. If 



',rr ^.'jf: •sA^'i ;o_v: 'A "ijr. ^.kz.*. i -•: A::V', kio :tr intiiLZ?-! ft»»r 
V>: \jrwis: M*^^^. 'nLfi :'>r Ii> • : Ir?*^!:.^: :1a;s j»...l:- iir- :." ctier 

L-;.:t* '/ t:jft^ *."^'^ <^;:«ir:i:i^:.i- ; ir:>rL 1: si_Ail icrsoe liAX fcix 

u'ni:*, vA VavIl;^ HHkiJir^r^ to Pn^bu and cattii*^ ibe C^iitOQ 
ryf iffturd i£i tw,, |Art< i^feariy h*yi^ s> iL*; Siu^ni and fcsieren 
TffUtJiuii fju ilih left. »LjJl nE:Ach tbe -jd Dmcli ierritory: theci fol- 
k/wL'*;^ tJi#r ^^d frmxier <A that temtorr, to tlie picii wbeie it 
Xfnt'XyiA the old Ai»tnaii Priucipalitv of Goeldtrs^ en the sde of 
Kan»c*^ibde, ^id dirertirj;r haelf u>ward?9 the m<>»t eftstem point of 
the Duti^h teniVjry. to the borth of Swahuc-ii. it sh^ oD&tiniie to 
if«r:kMe thw territory. 

Tfaeri^ ifettiji;r out fr>m the most eastern pctnt^ it joins that 
cAher pMt of the Datch teiritory in which Yenloo is situated, 
whli^mi in/'1udifjg tlie latter town and its district ; thenoe to the 
fAd Dateh frontier near ^I^xAl, situated below Geoep. it shall 
f<i\ow the Of mm: of the MeiLse. at such a distance from the right 
bank that all ttie places nituated within a thousand Rhenish 
yards (Wuirdundij'rM Rnthen) of this bank, shall, with their teni- 
t/iries, Moufr to the kingdom of the Netherlands ; it being well 
iinderst/Xirl, however, in regard to the reciprocity of this prin- 
ciple, that uo fx/int of the bank of the Meuse shall constitute a 
portion of the Prussian territory', unless such |X)int approach to 
within 800 Rhenish yards of it. 

From tlie point where the line just descrijb^ joins the old 
Dutch frontier, as far as the Rhine, this^lfontier shall remain 
esw'ntially as it was in 1795, betwee^^J^Ueves and the United 
Proviruv,*H. It shall l>e examined by^ the Commission which shall 
be rtpiKiinted without delay by ^*^ two Governments to prfK-eed 
to the I'XJMt dc'tiriainationof^the limits, both of the kingdom of 
the Netheiiaiids, and tlu^wand Duchy of Luxemburg, designated 
ill Arliclc'H LXVI and l^VIII, and this Commission shall regulate, 
witii the aid of exjHfricncMid persons, whatever concerns the hydro- 
technical <*onMt met ions, and other analogous jMiint**, in the most 
eijuitable manner, and confonaably to the mutual interests of the 
PruMsian Stat4;s and of thr)se of the Netherlands. This same 

230 



No. 27J i>KEAT BKITAIN, AUSTRU, &C. [Q June, 1815. 

[Yiexma Congrresa Treaty.] 

disposition extends to the regulation of the limits in the Districts 
of Kyfwaerd, Lobith, and all the territory to Kekerdora. 

The places (enckives) named Iluissen, I^Ialburg, Lymcrs, with 
the town of Sevenaer, and the Lordship of Weel, shall form 
a part of the kingdom of the Netherlands, and His Prussian 
Majesty renounces them in perpetuity for himself, his heirs and 
successors. 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, in uniting to his States the 
provinces and districts designated in the present Article, enters 
into all the rights and takes upon himself all the charges and 
engagements stipulated with respect to the countries dismembered 
from France by the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 18U 
(No. I). 

Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine, Cologne, 

The Prussian provinces upon the two banks of the Rhme, as 
far as above the town of Cologne, which shall also be comprised 
within this district, shall bear the name of Grand Duchy of the 
Lower Rhine, and His Majesty shall assume the title of it. 

KnigtJom of Ilaiiaver, Late Electorate of Bi^nswick-Liinehurg, 

Art. XXVL His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Ireland, having substituted to his ancient title 
of Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, that of King of Hanover, 
and this title having been acknowledged by all the Powers of 
Em-ope, and by the Princes and Free Towns of Germany, the 
countries which have till now composed the Electorate of Bruns- 
wick-Luneburg, according as their limits have been recognised 
and fixed for the future, by the following Articles, shall hence- 
forth form the Kingdom of Hanover. ' 

Cessions inade by Prussia to Ua/naver,* 
Art. XXVIL His Majesty the Kmg of Prussia cedes to His 
Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, King of Hanover, to be possessed by His Majesty and 
his successors, in full property and Sovereignty :* 

* Seo Treaty between Hanovor and Prussia, 29th May, 1815, Arts. I 
and II. 

By a Decree of the King of Prussia dated 20tli September, 1866, the 
Kingdom of Hanover was annexed to the Prussian Dominions. The King 
of Hanover, on tlic 23rd September, 1866, protested against this Annexation. 

231 



/ 



9 Jmie, 1815.; GREAT BBrXADf . AUaTRTA, 4c. JSa. 27 



1. The Principftlhr of Hilde^heizzi. which shaH i<mm under the 
Govemiaeiit of I{L« Majestr. whh all the rights and aD d« dmign 
with which the said PriDcipttlrtj was traDSterred to the PrusBiaii 
GoverijmeLt ; 

2. The Town and Territory of Godar; 

3. The Pnijcipalitj of East Friei^a&d (Ost Fnese), inctudiag 
the conntry called HaiiingeriaL*! under the conditioos ledpro- 
callj stipalated in Article XXX for the navigation of the Ems and 
the commerce of the port of Embden. The Sute« of the Prind- 
pality sha21 preserve th«r rights and privileges ; 

4. The Lower County {Sitder Gra/fcAaft) of Lingen, and the 
part of the Principality of Pmsaan Monster which is situated 
between this county and the part of Bheina-AVoIheck occupied 
by the Hanoverian Govemmecit ; but as it has been agreed that 
the kingdom of Hanover shall obtain by this cession an acoessioQ 
of territory, comprising a papulation of 22,Ci00 souls, and as the 
Lower County of Lingen and the part of the Principality of Munster 
here mentioned, might not come up to this condition. His Majesty 
the King of Prussia engages to cause the line of demarcation to 
be extended into the Principality of Munster, as far as may be 
necessary to contain that populaticHi. The Commission, which 
the Prussian and Hanoverian Governments shall name without 
delay, to proceed to the exact regulation of the limits, shall be 
particularly charged with the execution of this proTision. 

His Prussian Majesty renounces in perpetuity, for himself, his 
descendants, and successors, the Provinces and Territories men- 
tioned in the present Article, as well as all the rights which have 
any relation to thera. 

Hanover* lienuiicintion hy Trusi<:ia of the Chapter of Si. Peter, in 

ih-- J!",'H/ifI, rf Xoerteu. 

Art. XXVIII. His Majestj' the Kiug of Pnissia renounces in 
|)eri)etuit3', for himself, his descendants, and successors, all right 
and claim whatever that His Majesty, in his quality of Sovereign 
of P^ichsfeld, might advance to the Chapter of St. Peter, in the 
iK^rough of Xcx'rten, or to its dependencies, situated in the Hano- 
verian territory. 

CesBionit made hy Hanover to Prussia * 
Art, XXIX. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of 

• See note on preceding page. 
i>32 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, kc. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna CkmrroBa Treaty.] 

Great Britain and Irelaad, King of Hanover, cedes to His Majesty 
the Kin^ of Prussia, to be possesf^ed by him and his successors, 
in fall property and sovereignty : 

1. That part of the Dachy of Lauenburg situated upon the 
right bank of the Elbe, with the villages of Luneburg, situateil 
on the same bank. The part of the duchy upon the left bank 
remains to the kingdom of Uauovcr. The States of that part of 
the duchj which passes under the Prussian Government shall 
preserve their rights and pri vilege.<^ ; especially those founded upon 
the provincial Keces of the 15th September, 1702, andconfinned by 
the King of Great Britain, now reigning, under date of 21st June, 
1765; 

2. The Bailiwick of Klotze ; 

3. The Bailiwick of Elbingerode ; 

i The Villages of Rudigershagen and Gaenseteich ; 

5. The Bailiwick of Reckobcrg. 

His Britannic Majesty, King of Hanover, renounces for him- 
self, hjg descendants and successors for ever, the Provinces and 
^^i^tricts specified in the present Artide, and all the rights which 
^^e reference to them.* 

^dvigaiion and Commerce hetweea Hanaver and rrus8ia,f the 
EmSy and Port of Embdcn. 

Art. XXX. His Majesty the King of Prassia, and His 
^tannic Majesty, King of Hanover, animated with the desire of 
^^ely equalising the advantages of the commeR'e of the Ems 
^ of the Port of Emlxlen, and of rendering them common to 
""^ip respective subject**, have agi-ecd on this head to what 
folbws :— 

^- The Hanoverian (iovernraent engages to cause to be exe- 
^ted, at its exj)ense, in the years 1815 and 181 G, the works which 
* ^'umission, conijxjsed partly of artists, and to be immediately 
^PP^-'inted by Prussia and Hanover, shall deem necessary to render 
'^^^gable that part of the river Ems which extends from the 
^^'Jan frontier to its mouth, and tu keep it, after the execution 
Of such works, alwfiys in the same state in which those works 

" have placed it for the benefit of navigation. 

^' The Prussian subje<;ts shall be allowed to im^wrt and export, 
} the jiort of Embden, all kinds of provisions, productions, and 

* See ftiao Art». XXIV and XLII, pp. 227, 238. 

* ^ note p. 281. 

233 



\0K^ &J. tHr- .- ' rL*r__::r ^.-i^i- — ^^ 3ii. r 



.pvv^fc. irLHrt>:r j«T":^-;i • rf"ifi Lk^ •ij— T jc-n a. 1»? t-itt -t 

%'^- -J.:..; ... :--: -— - - 1. "Lis- T^iti-. iTO-'Sr "Ora" I^EL^ 

«ual - r »*:• . ' la.'." r"-: - - -rz: '"LH. 3. -r ain=anBZi*a ac 

jwr '•^-r iLirf: -:;;-':;: -r.ru*"; ' '.i -^ Hiii; "'•^^nai «ii-*-'5 -r-ii- 

iwf ^-uiiir.* •/ Liiifarr. rr -W: -.-ba* -uk^ --41=7 :»i -vTa. Hue >-r: i 
liu%*t riixttl Vr IS' ii'jtrT"' '. di*'"^«-**t -C iit^r ••.nmi! •diDt* ^rrt> *** t 

«u V ^r>?c. ♦, ii : V •. :i • : :**:/j . c : •-. -t- . -rr : i": 7 n :• u L :• . fir^ein. 
l>lMMxu'/w;^.. Jlu* f'ru*?*.*! Mt,r;«ij -e-L^x^"^. :e?i!>*?w 1: hsf^cre 

>•«*;, XZXr Hi* Mj*/5»-tv lie ITi^.j . : Pnis*iA aiii Hi^ 
M*^t> fjw»; K-/.;( 'i lU r'fJi/:^ KL^;.'<iom of Great Britain and 
liAi^A- Kilt/, 'A \lHi0A't^s if^uT'iiJIy a^TC* to iLnx- ruiliian- r:<ft'is 

\>A. Om; f/'y//i lUIUsri^ta^it, throu;^! thec.'«Uitr>'of llil'K-sbt'im, 

liA. A t»n0 4tw\ U*ftu i\ii: OH Miirch. tlir.»Uijh riifhoru ami 

;JmI, a Uiinl ho»i Oftiiifthnirk, through IpiJ<fiibureu ami Kheina 

2M 




No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, Ac. [fi June, 1B15. 

[Yi«xma Oonvress Treaty.] 

The two first in favour of Prufisia, and the third in favour of 
Hanover. 

The two GoveriimcntB sliall appoint, without delay, a Commis- 
sion to prepare, by common consent, the necessary regulations 
for the establishment of the said roads. 

Belathm of the Duhe de Looz-Corswaren and of the Count of 
Bentheim with the Kingdom of Haiiover, 

Art. XXXII. The Bailiwick of Meppen, belonging to the 
Duke of Aremberg, as well as the part of Rheina-Wolbeck, 
belonging to the Duke of Looz-Gorswaren, which at this moment 
are provisionally occupied by the Hanoverian Government, shall 
be placed in such relations with the Kingdom of Hanover, as the 
Federative Constitution of Germany shall regulate for the 
mediatised territories. 

The Prussian and Hanoverian Governments having neveilhe- 
less reserved to themselves to agree hereafter, if necessary, to the 
fixing of another line of frontier with regard to the county belong- 
ing to the Duke of Looz-Corswaren, the said Governments shall 
charge the Commission they may name for fixing the limits of 
the part of the County of Lingen ceded to Hanover, to deliberate 
thereupon, and to adjust definitively the frontiers of that 
part of the county belonging to the Duke of Looz-Corswaren, 
which, as aforesaid, is to be possessed by the H'anoverian Govem- 
ment. 

The Isolations between the Hanoverian Government and the 
Comity of Bentheim shall remain as regulated by the Treaties of 
Mortgage existing between His Britannic Majesty and the Count 
of Bentheim ; and when the rights derived from this Treaty shall 
have expired, the relations of the County of Bentheim towards 
the Kingdom of Hanover shall be such as the Federative Consti- 
tution of Germany shall regulate for the Mediatised territories. 

Cession to he made by Haiwoer to Oldenburg. 

Art. XXXIII. His Britannic Majesty, King of Hanover, in 
order to meet the wishes of His Prussian Majesty to procure a 
suitable arrondissemcnt of territory for His Serene Highness 
the Duke of Oldenbiu-g, promises to cede to him a district con- 
tJiining a population of 5,000 inhabitants. 

285 



9 Jane, 1815.] GREAT BBITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [No. 27 

[Viexiiia Oonffreu Treaty.] 

Title of Grand Duke of Oldenburg. 

Art. XXXIV. His Serene Highness the Duke of Holstein- 
Oldenburg shall assume the title of Grand Duke of Oldenburg. 

Title of Grand Dukes of Mecklenburg' Schwerin and Sirelttz, 

Art. XXXV. Their Serene Highnesses the Dukes of Mecklen- 
burg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg- Strelitz, shall assume the titles 
of Grand Dukes of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Strelitz. 

Title of Grand Duke of Saae-Weiinar. 

Art. XXXVI. His Highness the Duke of Saxe- Weimar shall 
assume the title of Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar.^ 

Cessions to be made by Prussia to Saxe-Weimar, Fulda, 

Art. XXXVII. His Majesty the King of Prussia shall cede 
from the mass of his States, as they have been fixed and recog- 
nised by the present Treaty, to His Royal Highness the Grand 
Duke of Saxe- Weimar, districts cont^ijiing a population of 50,000 
inhabitants, contiguous to, or bordering upon, the Principality of 
Weimar.* 

His Prussian Majesty engages also to cede to His Royal 
Highness out of that part of the Principality of Fulda which has 
been given up to him in virtue of the same stipulatious, districts 
containing a population of 27,000 inhabitants. 

His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Weimar shall pofisess 
the above districts in full proi)erty and Sovereignty, and shall 
unite them in i)erpetuity to his present States. 

Prussia and Sacre-Weimar, Ulterior Arrangements regarding 
these Cessions. 

Art. XXXVIII. The districts and territories which are to be 
ceded to His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar, 
in >irtue of the preceding Article, shall be determined by a par- 
ticular Convention ;t and His Majesty the King of Prussia engages 
to conclude this Convention, and to cause the alK)ve districts and 
territories to be given up to His Royal Highness, within two 
months from the date of the exchange of the ratifications of the 
Treaty concluded at Vienna, Ist June, 1815 (No. 24), between 
His PiTissian Majesty and His Royal Highness the Grand Duke. 

• See Art. XXXIX, p. 237. t 22nd September, 1815. 

23G 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Congremm Treaty.] 

Frmsla and Stuc-Wcinmr. Territory to he given up ImnieduUely 
to the Grand Duke of Wclinar, 

Art. XXXIX. His Majesty the Kiug of Prusnia, however, 
cedes immediately, and promises to give up to His Royal High- 
ness, in the space of a fortnight, reckoning from the signature of 
the above-mentioned Treaty, the following districts and terri- 
tories ; viz., 

The Lordship of Blankenhayu, with the reservation of the 
Bailiwick of Wandersleben,* belonging to Unter-Gleichen, which 
is not to be comprised in this cession ; 

The Lower Lordship {Niedere-Herschaft) of Kranichfeld, the 
Commanderies of the Teutonic order of Zwaetzen, Lehesten, and 
Liebstadt, with their demesnial revenues, which, constituting a 
part of the Bailiwick of Eckartsberga, arc inclosed in the territory 
of Saxe-Weimar, as well as all the other territories inclosed 
within the Principality of Weimar, and l)elonging to the said 
bailiwick ; the Bailiwick of Tautonburg, with the exception of 
Droizen, Gorachcn, Wethalung, Wetterscheid, and Mollsdiiitz, 
which shall remain to Prussia ; 

The Village of Remssla, as well as the Villages of Kleiu- 
Brerabach and Bcrlstedt, inclosed within the Prmcipality of 
Weimar, and belonging to the territory of Erfurth ;* 

The property of the Villages of Bischoffsroda and Probstei- 
zella, inclosed within the territory of Eisenach, the Sovereignty 
of which already belongs to His Royal Highness the Grand 
Duke. 

The population of these different districts is understood to 
form part of that of 50,000 souls, sccui-ed to His Royal Highness 
the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar, by Article XXXVII, and shall 
be deducted from it. 

Cession of a Portion of the former Department of Fidda to 
Prussia. 

Art. XL. The Department of Pulda, together with the terri- 
tories of the ancient Nobility {CAncienne Noblesse immediate de 
t Empire) comprised, at this moment, under the provisional ad- 
ministration of this department, viz.: Mansbach, Buchenau, 
Werda, Lengsfeld ; — excepting, however, the following bailiwicks 
and territories, viz. ; the Bailiwicks of Hammelburg, with Thulba 
and Saleck, Bruckenau with Motten, Saalmunster, with Urzel 

• See Art. XXIII, p. 22G. 
237 



9 June, 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 27 

[Vienna Oonffress Treaty.] 

and Sonnerz ; also the part of the Bailiwick of Biberstein, which 
contains the villages of Batten, Brand, Dietges, Findlos, Liebharts, 
Melperz, Ober-Bemhardt, Saifierts, and Thaiden, as well as the 
domain of Holzkirchen, inclosed in the Grand Dachy of Wurtz- 
burg ; — is ceded to His Majesty the King of Prussia, and he shall 
be put u\ possession of it witliin three weeks fmm and after the 
1st June of this year. 

His Prussian Majesty engages to take upon himself, in pro- 
portion to that part of the territory which he obtains by the 
present Article, his share of the obiigaticHis which all the new 
possessors of the heretofoi-e Grand Duchy of Frankfort will have 
to fulfil, and to transfer such engagements to the Princes with 
whom His Majesty may hereafter make exchanges or cessions 
of these districts and territories of the Department of Fulda. 

Arrafigenients relative to the Purchasera of Domains in the Princi- 
pality of Fulda and the County of Han<iu, 

Abt. XLI. The domains of the Principality of Fulda and of 
the County of Hanau having been sold to purchasers, who have 
not as yet made good all their instalments, a Commission shall be 
named by the Princes to whom the said domains are transferred, 
to regulate, in an uniform manner, whatever has any reference to 
this transaction, and to do justice to the claims of the purchasers 
of the said domauis. This Commission shall pay particular attri- 
tion to the Treaty concluded at Frankfort, cm the 2nd December, 
1813,* between the Allied Powers and His Royal Highness the 
Elector of Hesse ; and it is laid down as a principle, that in case 
the sale of these domains should not be considered as binding, 
the purchasers shall receive back the sums already discharged, 
and they shall not be obliged to quit before such restitution shall 
have had its full and entire effect. \ 

Cession of Tmcn and Territory of Wetzlar to King of Prussia, 
Art. XLII. The Town and Territory of Wetzlar passes, in all 
property and Sovereignty, to His Majesty the King of Prussia.t 

Relations of the Mediatised Ditftricts of the Old Circle of 
Westphalia with the Prussian Monarchy. 

Art. XLIII. Tlie following Mediatised districts, viss. ; the 
possessions which the Princes of Salm-Salm, and Salm-Kyrburg, 

• Sec Appendix. f S«e also Art. XXIY, p. 227. 

238 



Ho. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Slc. [9 Jane, 1815. 

[Vienna Conflrress Treaty.] 

the Counts called the Rhtin- and WUthjraftn^ and the Dako of 
Cn»y, obtained by the i>riiK*ipal Rvcis of the extraordinary 
IVpntation of the Empire, of tlio 25 th February, 1803,* in the old 
Circle of Westphalia, a» well as the Lordships of Anholt and 
Gehmen, the ix)88essions of the Duke of Looz-Corswaren, which 
are in the same situation (in so far as they are not placeil under 
the Ilauoverian Groveniment), the County of Steinfurt, l>oIonging 
to the Count of Bentheim-Bt^utheim, the County of Recklings- 
hansen, belonging to the Duke of Areml>erg, the Lordships of 
Rheda, Gutersloh, and Gronau, belonging to the Count of Bent- 
heim-Tecklenburg, the County of Rittberg, belonging to the 
Priiice of Kaunitz, the Lordships of Neustadt and Giniboni, 
belongiug to the Count of Walmoden, and the Lordship of Iloni- 
burg. belonging to the Princes of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg, 
shall be placed in such relations with the Prussian Monarch}' as 
the Federative Constitution of Germany shall regulat<.» for the 
MediatLse-i territories. 

The possessions of the ancient Nobility {CAnclenne XobUsse 
imediate de V Empire) witlun the Prussian tenitory, and par- 
ticularly the Lordship of Wildenberg, in the Grand Duchy of 
^% and the Barony of tSchauen, in the Principality of Halber- 
stadt, shall belong to the Prussian Monarchy.f 

Cf^m f,j f]fc G^rand Duchy of Wtirizbimj, and of the Prinnpnlifij 
of Aschaffenhurrj to thv King (tf Bavarin, 

Art. XLIV. His Majesty the King of Bavaria shall i)0ssess, 
for hinisolf, his heii-s and successoi-s, in full projieily and Sove- 
'^'o"ty, the Grand Duchy of Wurtzburg, as it was held by His 
lBi|)orial Highness the Arehduke Ferdinand of Austria, and the 
"riiH'ipaiiiy t»f Asc'haffenburg, such as it constitut(Hl pail of the 
braud Duchy of Frankfort, under the denomination of Depart- 
"*^»'tofA8chaffenburg. 

Maintenance of the Prince Primate, 
Art. XLV. With resi>ect to the rights and prerogatives, and 

^1^ maintenance of the Prince Primate as an ancient ecclesiastical 

^^^^s it is determine*! ; 

l**t. That he shall be treated in a manner analogfMis to the 

Articleg of the liecis, which, in 1803*, regulated the situation 

» See Api>oiidix. f Seo also Art. XXIV. 



9 June, 1815.] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

r»f the secularised Princes, and to the practice observed with 
regard to them. 

2ndly. He shall receive for this purpose, dating from the Ist 
of Jane, 1814, the sum of 100,000 florins, by payments of three 
months, in good specie, at the rate of 24 florins to the mark, 
as an annuity. 

This annuity sliall be paid by the Sovereigns under whose 
Governments the provinces or districts of the Grand Duchy of 
Frankfort pass, in proportion to the part which each of them 
shall possess. 

3dly. The advances made by the Prince Primate, from his 
private purse, to the general chest of the Principality of Fulda, 
such as they have been liquidated and proved, shall l)e refunded 
to him, his heirs, or executors. 

This expenditure shall be defrayed in proportions by tlie 
Sovereigns who shall possess the provinces and districts com- 
posing the Principality of Fulda. 

4thly. The furniture and other objects which may be proved 
to belong to the private property of the Prince Primate, shall be 
restored to him. 

5thly. The officei-s of the Grand Duchy of Frankfort, as 
well civil and ecclesiastical as military and diplomatic, shall be 
treated conformably to the principles of Article LIX of the Recks 
of the Empire, dated the 25th February, 1803,* and from the 
Ist of June the pensions shall be proportionably paid by the 
Sovereigns who enter on the possession of the States which 
formed the said Grand Duchy since the 1st of June, 1814. 

Gthly. A Commission shall be established without delay, com- 
j:)08ed of members appointed by the said Sovereigns, to regulate 
whatever relates to the execution of the dispositions comprised in 
this Article. 

7thly. It is understood, that in virtue of this arrangement, any 
claim that might be advanced against the Prince Primate, in 
his character of Grand Duke of Frankfort, shall be annulled, and 
that he shall not be molested on account of any reclamation of 
this nature. 

Tlie Free Tmvn of Frankfort. 

Art. XLVI. The City of Frankfort, with its teiritory, such 
as it was in 180d,t is declared Fi-ee, and shall constitute a part of 

* See Appendix. 

t The Free Town of Fnmkfort was annexed to Prussia by Decree dated 
20th September, 1886. 

240 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

the Germanic League. Its institutions shall be founded upon the 
pnnciple of a i)erfect equality of rights for the different sects of 
the Christian religion. This equality of rights shall extend to all 
civil and political rights, and shall be observed in all matters of 
government and adininiatration. The disputes which may arise, 
whether in regard to the establishment of the Constitution, or in 
regard to its maintenance, shall l)e referred to the Germanic Diet, 
and can only be decided by the same. 

Indemnities to tlw Grand Duke of Hesse* 
Art. XLVII. Ills Royal llighness the Grand Duke of Hesse, 
in exchange for the Duchy of Westphalia, ceded to His Majesty 
the King of Pru8sia,t obtains a territory on the left bank of the 
Rhine, in the ancient Department of Mont-Toimerre, comprising 
a j)opulation of 140,000 inhabitants. His Royal Highness shall 
}X)ssess this territory in full Sovereignty and property. He shall 
likewise obtain the pr()i)erty of that part of the Salt Mines of 
Kreutznach which is situated on the left bank of the Nahe, but 
the Sovereignty of them shall remain to Prussia. 

Beinstntemeyit of the Landgrave of Hesse'IImnhurg,\ 
Art. XLVIII. The Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg is rein- 
stated in his possessions, revenues, rights, and political relations, 
of which he was deprived in consequence of the Confederation 
of the Rhine. 

Cessian of Territory to Oldenburg^ Saxe-Coburg, Mecklenburg- 

Strelitz, Ilesse-Homhurg^ and the Count of Pappenheim. 
Art. XLIX.§ In the ci-devant Department of the Sarre, on the 
Frontiers of the States of His Majesty the King of Pnissia, there 
is reserved a district, containing a population of 69,000 souls, to 
be di8[)08ed of in the following manner: — The Duke of Saxe- 
Coburg and the Duke of Oldenburg shall obtain each a territory 
comprising 20,000 inhabitants. The Duke of Mecklcnburg- 

* By the Treaty between Prussia and Hesse-Darmstadt of 3rd September, 
1866, various Districts were ceded to the Grand Duke. 

t See Art. XXIV. 

J See also Tn»aty 20th July, 1819, Art.. XXVI. On the extinction of 
the Male Line of the reigning House of Hesse-Homburg, the Landgrayiate 
was annexed to Hesso-Darmstadt by Patent dated 24th March, 1866 ; and 
by the Treaty of Peace of the 8rd September, 1866, Art. XIV, the Gh«nd 
Duke of Hesse ceded all his Sovereign and Domanial Bights over the Land- 
graviate of Hesse-Homburg to the King of Prussia. 

§ See Treaties between Mecklcnburg-Strelitz and Prussia of 18th Sep- 
tember, 1816; 20th July, 1819 ; and 81st May, 1834. 

241 R 



9 June, 1816.] aBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, 4o. [No. 27 

[Vienna Oonffress Treaty.] 

Strelitz and the Landgrave of HeBsc-Homburg, each a Territory 
comprising 10,000 inhabitants ; and the Count of Pappenheim a 
Territory comprising 9,000 inhabitants.* 

The tcrritorj' of the Count of Pappenheim shall be under the 
Sovereignty of His Prussian Majesty. 

Future ArrangemetiU relative to tliese Territories, 
Art. L.f The acquisitions assigned by the preceding Article to 
the Dukes of Saxe-Cobnrg, Oldenburg, Mecklenburg-Strehtz, and 
the Landgrave of Ilesse-Homburg, not being contiguous to their 
respective States, their Majesties the Emperor of Austria, the 
Emperor of all the Russias, and the Kings of Great Britain and 
Prussia, promise to employ their good oflSces, at the close of the 
present war, or as soon as circumstances shall permit, in order 
to procure for the said Princes, either by exchanges or any other 
arrangements, the advantages that they are disposed to insure to 
them ; and that the administration of the said districts may be 
rendered less complicated, it is agreed that they shall be pro- 
visionally under the Prussian administration for the benefit of the 
new proprietors. 

Territory and Possessions on the Banks of the Ehine ceded to 
Austria.^ 
Art. LL All the territories and possessions, as well on the 
left bank of the Rhine, in the old Departments of the Sarrc and 
Mont-Tonnerre, as in the former Departments of Fulda and Frank- 
fort, or inclosed in the adjacent countries, placed at the disposal 
of the AlUed Powers by the Treaty of Paris of 30th May, 1814 
(No. 1), and not disposed of by other Articles of the present 
Treaty, shall pass in full Sovereignty and property, under the 
Government of His Majesty the Emperor of Austria.§ 

Priiieipality of Isenburg given to Austria, 
Art. LII. The Principality of Isenburg|| is placed under the 

• By the Treaty between PruBeia and Saxe-Coburg of 81st May, 1834, 
Lichtenberg was ceded to Prussia. 

t See Treaty between Prussia and Mecklenburg-Strelitz of 18th Sept., 1816. 

X See Definitive Treaty between Great Britain, &c., and France of 20th 
NoTember, 1815, Art. YI ; and Conyention between Austria and Prussia of 
Ist July, 1816. 

§ See Art. XXXVII ; Protocol between the 4 Powers of 3rd Norcmber, 
1815 ; and Treaties of 22nd September and 16th October, 1816. 

II This Principality was ceded by Austria to Hesse-Darmstadt by the 
Treaty of 20th July, 1819. 

242 



No. 27] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTBIA, fto. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Oonffress Treaty.] 

Sovereignty of Ilis Imj)erial aiid Royal Apostolic Majesty, and 
shall belong to him, under such limitations as the Federative Con- 
stitution of Gennany shall regulate for the Mediatised States. 

Oermanic Confederation,* 

Art. LIII. The Sovereign Princes and Free Towns of Ger- 
many, under which denomination, for the present purpose, are 
comprehended their Majesties the Emperor of Austria, the Kings 
of Prussia, of Denmark, and of the Netherlands ; that is to say : — 

The Emperor of Austria and the King of Prussia, for all their 
possessions which anciently belonged to the German Empire ; 

The King of Denmark, for the Duchy of Holstein ; 

And the King of the Netherlands, for the Grand Duchy of 
Luxemburg ; 

establish among themselves a perpetual Confederation, which 
shall be called '' The Germanic Confederation." 

Oermanic Confederation, Object of live Confederation. 
Art. LIV. The object of this Confederation is the mainte- 
nance of the external and internal safety of Germany, and of the 
Independence and Inviolability of the Confederated States. 

Oermanic Confederation. Equality of the Members. 
Art. LV. The Members of the Confederation, as such, are 
equal with regard to their rights ; and they all equally engage to 
maintain the Act which constitutes their union. 

Oermanic Confederation. Federative Diet, 
Art. LVI. The affairs of the Confederation shall be confided to 
a Federative Diet, in which all the Members shall vote by their 
Plenipotentiaries, either individually or collectively, in the follow- 
ing manner, without prejudice to their rank : — 

1. Austria 1 Vote. 

2. Prussia .. .. .. .. 1 .„ 

8. Bavaria 1 ,, 

4. Saxony .. 1 „ 

* See also Protocol between 4 Powers of 3rd Norember, 1815, and FumI 
Act of 15th May, 1820. In June, 1866, War ensued between Prussia and 
Italj on the one side, and Austria on the other. On the 23rd Au^rust, 1866, 
a Treaty of Peace was signed at Prague, by Art. IV of which Austria acknow- 
ledged that the Germanic Confederation was dissolyed ; and on the 14th June, 
1867, the Constitution of the North German Confederation was promulgated. 
On the 19th July, 1870, War was formally declared by France against Prussia, 
the other States of Germany subsequently taking part in this war. On the 
16th April, 1871, a new Constitution for the Qernrnji Empire was promulgated. 

243 B 2 



9 June, 181&.] C^REAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 217 

[Vienxia CkmffreMi Treaty.] 

Schwartzburg-Rudolstadt .. .. 1 Vote. 

Hohenzollem-Heckingen 

Liechtenstein 

Ilohenzollem-Sigmaringen 

Waldeck* 

Beuss (Elder Branch). [Reoss Oroitz] . • 

Reussf (Younger Branch) [Reuss Schleitz] 

Schaiimburg-Liippe 

Lippc 

The Free Town of Lubeck 

„ „ Frankfortf .. 

„ „ Bremen . • 

„ „ HamburghJ . . 



99 

r* 

99 
99 
99 

99 
99 
99 



Total .. 69 Votes. 
The Diet in deliberating on the organic laws of the Confede- 
ration, shall consider whether any collective votes ought to be 
granted to the ancient Mediatised States of the Empue. 

Oermatuc CotifederaHon. Arrangements relating io the Diet. 

Art. LIX. The questicm, whether a subject is to be discussed 
by the Gfeneral Assembly, conformably to the principles above 
established, shall be decided in the Ordinary Assembly by a 
majority of votes. The same Assembly shall prepare the drafts 
of resdutions which are to be proposed to the Oeneral Assembly, 
and shall furnish the latter with all the necessary information, 
cither for adopting or rejecting them. 

The plurality of votes shall regulate the decisions, both in the 
Ordinary and Genenil Assemblies, with this difference, however, 
that in the Ordinary Assembly, an absolute majority shall be 
deemed sufficient, while, in the other, two-thirds of the votes shall 
be necessary to form the majority. 

When the votes are even in the Ordinary Assembly, the Pre- 
sident shall have the casting vote ; but when the Assembly is to 
deliberate on the acceptance or change of any of the fundamental 
laws, upon organic institutions, upon individual rights, or upom 

* The Administration of tho Principalities of Waldeck and Pjrmont was 
Iraiisrerred to TrusHia bj the Treaty of IStb July, 1867. 

t Annexed to FrusBiA by Decree of 20th September, 1866, and Patent 
of 3rd October, 1866. 

X The Constitution of the North German Confederation of 14th June, 
1867, was officially published as Law by t^o Senate of Hambmgh, to tak« 
effect from the 1st July, 1867. 

246 



Ho. 27] OEEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vieima Gkmgress Treaty.] 

affairs of religion, the plurality of votes shall not be deemed suffi- 
cient either in the Ordinary or in the Geuoral Assi-mbly. 

The Diet is permanent : it may, however, when the subjects 
submitted to its deliberation are disjxvsed of, adjourn f(;r a fixed 
period, which shall not exceed four months. 

.^1 nlterior arrangements relative to the post|X)iienient or the 
dispatch of urgent busuiess which may arise during the recess 
shall be reserved for the Diet, which will consider them when 
ffligaged in preparing the organic laws. 

Germanic Coi^federation, Order of Voting in Diet, 
Art. LX. With respect to the order in which the members of 
the Confederation shall vote, it is agreed, that while the Diet shall 
be occupied in framing organic laws, there shall be no fixed regu- 
lation; and whatever may be the order obserxH^d on such an 
occasion, it shall neither prejudice any of the meraL)ers, nor esta- 
blish a precedent for the future. After framing the organic laws, 
tbe Diet will delil)erate upon the manner of arranging this matter 
by a permanent regulation, for which purpose it will depart as 
fittle as possible from those which have been obscrve<l in the 
ancient Diet, and more particularly according to the Jlech of the 
Imputation of the Empire m 1803.* The order to be adopted shall 
in no way affect the rank and precedence of the members of the 
Confederation except in as far as they concern the Diet. 

Oermantc Canfederation. Diet to assemble at Frankfort. 

Abt. LXT. The Diet shall assemble at Frankfort on the Maine. 
It8 first meeting is fixed for the 1st of September, 1815. 

Chrmamc Confederation, The Framing of FundaiYvental Laws. 
Abt. LXII. The first object to be considered by the Diet 
after its opening shall be the framing of the fundamental laws of 
the Confederation, and of its organic institutions, with respect to 
itB exterior, military, and interior relations. 

Oermcmic Confederation. MaitUeTKiiice of Penes in Qemiawj. 

Disputes to he settled through Mediation of the Diit, or hy an 

Austregnl Court. 

Art. LXIII. The States of the Confederation jen gage U) dt^fend 
not only the whole of Germany, but each individual State of the 
Unioo, in case it should be attacked, and they mutually guarantee 

* See Appeiulix. 

247 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT Britain, Austria, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

U) each other such of their possessions as are comprised in tl^ 
Union. ' — • 

When war shall be declared by the Confederation, no member 
can open a separate negotiation with the enemy, nor make peace, 
nor conclude an armistice, without the C/Onsent of the other 
members. 

The Confederated States engage, in the same manner, not to 
make war against eacli other, on any pretext, nor to pursue their 
difTerences by force of arms, but to submit them to the Diet, 
which will attempt a mediation by means of a Commission. If 
this should not succeed, and a juridical sentence becomes neces- 
sary, recourse shall be had to a well organized Aust regal Court 
{A mtragaUnstanz\ to the decision of which the contending |>artie8 
are to submit without appeal. 

Qermanic Confederation, Particular Arrangements. 

Art. LXIV. The Articles comprised under the title of Par^ 
ticular Arrangements^ in the Act of the Germanic Confederation, as 
annexed to the present General Treaty, both in original and in a 
French translation, shall have the same force and validity as if 
they were textually inserted herein (No. 26). 

Territories forming the Kingdom of the NetherUmds. Recognition 
by Austria of Royal Dignity in House of Orange-Nassau.* 

Art. LXV. The ancient United Provinces of the Nether- 
lands and the late Belgic Provinces, both within the limits fixed 
by the following Article, shall form, — together with the countries 
and territories designated in the same Article, under the Sove- 
reignty of His Royal lOghness the Prince of Orange-Nassau, 
Sovereign Prince of the United Provinces, — ^the Kuigdom of the 
Netherlands, hereditaiy in the order of succession already esta- 
blished by the Act of the Constitution of the said United Pro- 
vinces. The title and the prerogatives of the Royal dignity 
are recognised by all the Powers in the House of Orangt>- 
Nassau. 

Boundaries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.* 
Art. LXVI. The hue comprising the territories which com- 

• The Union between TTolland and Bel^uni mas diBSolyed by the TretttiM 
of 15th November, 1881, and 19th April, 1889. 

248 



V 



Ho. 27] GREAT BEITAIX, AUSTRIA, At'. [9 June, 1815. 

fVienna ConrreM Treaty.] 

po»e the Kingdom of the NetherlaiulH is detcrminod in the 
foUowing manner : — 

It leaves the sea, and extends along tlie fn^ntiers i>f France 
Ml the aide of the Netherlands, as rectified and fixo<l by Article III 
of the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1^14 (No. 1), to the 
Meuse; thence along the same frontiers to the old liniits of the 
Duchy of Luxemburg. From this iK)int it follows the diivctiou 
of the limits between that Duchy and the ancient Hishopric <»f 
Liege, till it meets (to the south of Deiffelt) the western limits of 
that canton, and of that of Malmedy, to the |K)int when* the 
latter reaches the limit** between the ol<l Departments of the 
Onrthe and the Roer ; it then follows thest; limits to where they 
touch those of the former French Canton of Eui)en, in the 
Duchy of Limburg, and following the western limit of that 
cantOD, in a northerl}* direction, leaving to the ri;^ht a small 
part of the former French Canton of AuIm'I. joins the point of 
contact of the three old Departments of the Our the, the Lower 
Afense, and the Roer; jmrting agahi fi*om this point, this line 
follows that which divides the two latter depiirtments, until it 
reaches the Worm (a river falling into the R<jer), and g<K}s along 
this river to the pomt where it again reaches the limit of these 
two departments, pursues this limit to the south of Ilillonsberg 
(the old Department of the Roer), from whence it reasceiids to 
the north, and leaving Hillensbcrg to the right and dividing the 
Canton of Sittard into two nearly equal j)arts, so that Sittard and 
Sasteren remain on the left, it reaches the old Dutch territ')ry, 
from whence, leaving this territory to the left, it goes on follow- 
ing its eastern frontier to the point where it touches the old 
Austrian Principality of Guelders, on the south side of Rure- 
monde, and directing itself towards the most eastern point of the 
Dotch territory, to the north of Swalmen, continues to inclose 
this territory. 

Laetly, setting out from the most eastern |)oint it joins that 
part of the Dutch territory hi which Venloo is situated; that town 
and its territoi'y being included within it. From thence to the 
old Dutch frontier near Mook, situated above Genep, the line 
follows the course of the Meuse at such a distance from the 
right hank that all the places within 1,(K>(> Rhenish yards 
{Ekeinldudiscfie Rutheu) from it shall belong, with their territories, 
to the Kingdom of the Netherlands; it Ix^ing understood, however, 
a« to the reciprocity of this principle, that the Prussian territory 

249 



9 June, 1815.] asEAT bkitaik, Austria, ac. [Mo. 

[Vienna Oongrees Treaty.] 

shall not at any point tonch the Mense, or approach it within 
distance of 1,000 Rhenish yards. 

Fronti^ir between Cloves cmd United Provinces. 

From the point where the line just described reaches 
ancient Dutch frontier, as far as the Rhine, this frontier 8ha~l« 
remain essentially the same as it was in 1795, between Glov^= 
and the United Provinces. 

Mixed Commission between Prussia cmd the Netherlands. 
This line shall be examined by a Commission, which tbc! 
Governments of Pnissla and the Netherlands shall name withoti^- 
delay, for the purpose of proceeding to the eicact determination 
of the limits, as well of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, as of 
the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, specified in Article LXVIII ; and 
this Commission, aided by professional persons, shall regulate 
everything concerning the hydrotechnical constructions, and 
other similar points, in the most equitable manner, and the most 
conformable to the mutual interests of the Prussian States, and 
of those of the Netherlands. This same arrangement refers to 
the fixing of limits in the Districts of Kyfwaerd, Lobith, and 
in the whole territory as far as Kekerdom. 

Prussian Beimnciation of Huissen, Malburg, Lymcrs^ Sevenaer^ 

and Weel. 
The enclaves of Iluisuen, Malburg, Lymers, with the town of 
Sevenaer and Lordship of Weel, shall form a part of the Kingdom 
of the Netherlands ; and His Prussian Majesty renounces them in 
perpetuity, for himself, his heirs and successors. 

Qrand Duchy of Luxemburg. Sovereignty of (hs King of the 

Netherlands. Succession. 
Art. LXVII. That part of the old Duchy of Luxemburg 
which is comprised in the limits specified in the following 
Article, is likewise ceded to the Sovereign Prince of the United 
Provinces, now King of the Netherlands, to be possessed in per- 
petuity by him and his successors, in full property and Sovereignty. 
The Sovereign of the Netlierlands shall add to his titles that of 
Grand Duke of Luxemburg, IL's Majesty reserving to himself 
the privilege of making such family arrangement between the 
Princes his suns, relative to the s*uccesHion to the Grand Duchy, 

2.10 



tfkffi aBEAT BRTTAIEr , AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 Jme, 1815. 

[ViOTina OongT— Treaty.] 

M lie shall think conformable to the interests of his monarchy 
and to iu8 pateraal intentions. 

Grand Duchy of L^txcmhurg a State of the Qermanic 
Confederation, 
The Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, servinfi^ as a compensation 
for the Principalities of Nassau- Dilleiiburg, Siegon, Ilailainar and 
Diets, shall form one of the States of the Germanic Confedera- 
tion ; and the Prince, King of the Netherlands, shall enter into 
the system of this Confederation as Grand Duke of Luxemburg, 
withjdl the prerogatives and privileges enjoyed by the other 
(lermaii Princes. 

haenburg a Fortress of the Oermsmic Confederation. Bight of 
Kkg of Netherlands to appoint Oovernor and Military Com" 
maidant.* 

The Town of Luxemburg, in a military point of view, shall 
beooosidered as a Fortress of the Confederation ;t the Grand Duke 
AiD, however, retain the right of appointing the Governor and 
■■Ktary Commandant of this Fortress, subject to the approbation 
rf the executive power of the Confederation, andimder such other 
conditions as it may be judged necessary to establish, in con- 
fflrauty with the future Constitution of the said Confwleration. 

Boufidaries of tJie Grand Duchy of lAixemhurg.'\. 
Abt. LXVin. The Grand Duchy of Luxemburg shall cousiat 

* B/ the Treaty between Prussia and the Netherlands of 8th Noyember, 
181^ it ^ni0 agreed that those SoTereigns should jointlj garrison the Fortress 
of Luxemburg, and that the King of Prussia should appoint the Governor 
■nd Cofinmandant to the Fortress, but without aiferting the Sovereign rights 
of the King of the Netherlands. See also Treaties between Great Britain 
Mid the NetherlandB of 16tli Norember, 1816 ; between Austria and the 
Hftharkods of 12th March, 1817 ; and between Bussia and the Netherlands 
of 17th April, 1817. The right of appointing the Governor and Militaiy 
Oommandant was transferred to the King of Prussia by the General Treaty 
of Frankfort of 20th July, 1819, Art. XXXYl. 

t Sec Protocol between the 4 Powers of 3rd November, 1815. 

$ By the Treaty between the 5 Powers and Belgium of 15th November, 
1811, the Union between Holland and Belgium was dissolved, and the Grand 
Dodiy of Luxemburg was so divided that one-third of it (including the 
Fontraaa) was preserved to Uollaud, and two-thirds given to Belgium ; that 
portion assigned to Belgium being in no way connected with the Germanic 
Gonf«dention. The King of the Netherlands refused to consent to this 
arnugement ; and the Treaty of 15th November, 1831, was therefore can- 
oaQed on the 19th April, 1839, on which day fresh Treaties were signed be- 
tween the 5 Powers and Belgium, bi*tween the 5 Powen* and tlie Netherknds, 

251 



9 June, 1815.] asEAT Britain, Austria, ac. [Mo. 27 

[Vienna Con^reas Treaty.] 

shall not at any point touch Ihe Meuse, or approach it within the 
distance of 1,000 Rhenish yards. 

Frontier betwe&n Cleves cmd United Prom^vces, 

From the point where the line just described reaches the 
ancient Dutch frontier, as far as the Rhine, this frontier shall 
remain essentially the same as it was in 1795, between Cleves 
and the United Provinces. 

Mixed Commission betiveen Prussia cmd the Netherlands, 
This line shall be examined by a Commission, which the 
Grovemments of Pnissia and the Netherlands shall name without 
delay, for the purpose of proceeding to the exact determination 
of the limits, as well of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, as of 
the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, specified in Article LXVIII ; and 
this Commission, aided by professional persons, shall regulate 
everything concerning the hydrotechnical constructions, and 
other similar points, in the most equitable manner, and the most 
conformable to the mutual interests of the Prussian States, and 
of those of the Netherlands. This same arrangement refers to 
the fixing of limits in the Districts of Kyfwaerd, Lobith, and 
in the whole territory as far as Kckerdom. 

Prussian Renuticiation of Huissen, Malburg, Lym^ers, Sevenaer^ 

and Wed, 
The enclaves of Iluissen, Malburg, Lymers, with the town of 
Sevcnaer and Lordship of Weel, shall form a part of the Kingdom 
of the Netherlands ; and His Prussian Majesty renounces them iu 
perpetuity, for himself, his heirs and successors. 

Grand Duchy of Liixemburg, Sovereignty of the King of the 

Netherlands, Succession, 
Art. LXVII. That part of the old Duchy of Luxemburg 
which is comprised in the limits specified in the following 
Article, is likewise ceded tcj the Sovereign Prince of the United 
Provinces, now King of the Netherlands, to be possessed in per- 
petuity by him and his successors, in full property and Sovereignty. 
The Soveroign of the Netlierlands shall add to his titles that of 
Grand Duke of Luxemburg, Ilis Majesty reserving to himself 
the privilege of making such family aiTangement between the 
Princes his sons, relative to the succession to the Grand Duchy, 

250 



Ho, 17] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815, 

[Vienna ConflrroM l^eaty.] 

as he shall think conformable to the interests of his monarchy 
and to his paternal intentions. 

Grand Duchy of Luxemburg a State of the Qermanic 
Confederation, 
The Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, serving as a compensation 
for the Principalities of Nassau-Dillenburg, Siegen, Hadamar and 
Dietz, shall form one of the States of the Germanic Confedera- 
tion ; and the Prince, King of the Netherlands, shall enter into 
the system of this Confederation as Grand Duke of Luxemburg, 
with all the prerogatives and privileges enjoyed by the other * 
Geiman Princes. 

Luxemburg a Fortress of the Qennsmic Confederatiot^. Bight of 
King of Netherlands to appoint Chvemor and MilUa/ry Oom- 
mandanL* 

The Town of Luxemburg, in a military point of view, shall 
be considered as a Fortress of the Confederation ;t the Grand Duke 
shall, however, retain the right of appointing the Governor and 
military Commandant of this Fortress, subject to the approbation 
of the executive power of the Confederation, and under such other 
conditions as it may be judged necessary to establish, in con- 
formity with the future Constitution of the said Confederation. 

Boundaries of the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg. ^ 
Art. LXVIIL The Grand Duchy of Luxemburg shall consist 

* Bj the Treaty between Prussia and the Netherlands of 8th November, 
1816, it was agreed that those Sovereigns should jointly garrison the Fortress 
of Luxemburg, and that the King of Prussia should appoint tho Governor 
and Commandant to tho Fortress, but without affecting tho Sovereign rights 
of the King of the Netherlands. See also Treaties between Great Britain 
and the Netherlands of 16th November, 1816 ; between Austria and the 
Netherlands of 12th March, 1817 ; and between Russia and the Netherlands 
of 17th April, 1817. Tho right of appointing the Qovemor and Military 
Commandant was transferred to the King of Prussia by the General Treaty 
of Frankfort of 20th July, 1819, Art. XXXVI. 

+ See Protocol between the 4 Powers of 3rd November, 1816. 

t By tho Treaty between the 5 Powers and Belgium of 16th November, 
1831, the Union between Holland and Belgium was dissolved, and the Grand 
Duchy of Luxemburg was so divided that one-third of it (including the 
Fortress) was preserved to Ilollaud, and two-thirds given to Belgium ; that 
portion assigned to Belgium being in no way connected with the Chermanic 
Confederation. The King of the Netherlands refused to consent to this 
arrangement ; and tho Treaty of 16th November, 1831, was therefore oaa- 
celled on the 19th April, 1839, on which day fresh Treaties were signed be- 
tween the 5 Powers and Belgium, l)ctween the 6 Powers and the Netherlands, 

251 



9 Jane, 1815.] GREAT Britain, Austria, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Congress Treaty.] 

of all the territory situated between the Kingdom of the Nether- 
lands, as it has been designated by Article LXVI, France, the 
Moselle, as far as the mouth of the Sure, the course of the Sure, 
as far as the junction of the Our, and the course of this last river, 
as far as the limits of the foimer French Canton of St. Vith, 
which shall not belong to the Grand Duchy of Jjuxemburg. 

Luxemburg. Arraiujements respecting tlie Duchy of Bouillon, 
Disputes to he settled by Arbitration, 

Art. LXIX. flis Majesty the King of the Netherlands, Grand 
Duke of Luxemburg, shall possess in perpetuity, for himself aud 
his successors, the full and eiitire Sovereignty of tJiat part of the 
Duchy of Bouill(jn, which is not ceded to France by the Treaty of 
Paris (No. 1) ; and which, therefore, shall be united to the Grand 
Duchy of Luxemburg. 

Disputes having arisen with respect to the said Duchy of 
Bouillon, the comi)etitor who shall legally establish his right, in 
the manner hereafter six^cified, shall possess, in full property, the 
said part of the Duchy, as it was enjoyed by the last Duke, under 
the Sovereignty of His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, 
Grand Duke of Luxemburg. 

This decision shall be made by Arbitration, and be without 
appeal. For this purix)se there shall be appointed a certun 
number of arbitrators, one by each of the two competitors, and 
others, to the number of throe, by the Courts of Austria, Prussia, 
and Sardinia. They shall assemble at Aix-la-Chapelle, as soon 
as the state of the war and other circumstances may admit of it, 
and their detemiination shall be made known within six months 
from their first meeting. 

In the interim, Ilis Majesty the King of the Netherlands^ 
Grand Duke of Luxemburg, shall hold in trust the property of 
the said part of the Duchy of Bouillon, in order that he may 

and between the NetherlandB and Belgium, containing the sanie Stipulations i 
the King of the Notherhind? receiving a Territorial Indemnity in the 
Province of Limburg for the cessions made to Belgium in the Proyince 
of Luxemburg, on condition of his abandoning his clnini on Nassau. On tlie 
snnu? day the Germanic Confederation acceded to tlie Territorial arrange- 
meuts therein made respecting the Grand Duchy of Ijiixeniburg. Bj 
Art. IV of t lie Treaty of Prague of 23rd August, ISGfi, the Germanic Con- 
federation was acknowledged by Austria to have been disi>olved, and on the 
11 th May, 1867, a Treaty was concluded between Great Britain, Austrift, 
Belgium, Fmnn*. It^ily, (he Nctlierlnnds, Prussia, and Russia, relative to the 
Neutrality, Ac, of the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg. 

252 



No. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Conflrress Treaty.] 

restore it, together with the revenues of tlie provisional admi- 
nistration, to the competitor in whose favour the arbitrators 
shall decide ; and His said Majesty shall indemnify hun for the 
loss of the revenues arising from the rights of Sovereignty, by 
means of some equitable arrangement. Should the restitution 
fall to Prince Charles of Rohan, this property, when in his pos- 
session, shall be regulated by the laws of the substitution which 
constitutes his title thereto. 

Cessicni to Prussia of the German Possessions of the Hovse of 
Nassau- Orange. 
Art. LXX. His Majesty the King of the Netherlands re- 
nounces, ill perpetuity for himself, his heirs, and successors, in 
favour of His Majesty the King of Prussia, the sovereign pos- 
sessions which the House of Nassau-Orange held in Germany, 
namely, the Principalities of Dillenburg, Dietz, Siegen, and Hada- 
mar, with the Lordships of Bcilst<3in, such as those iwssessioiis 
have been definitively arranged between the two branches of 
the House of Nassau, by the Treaty concluded at the Hague on 
the 14th July, 1814.* 

Princvpality of Fulda. 

His Majesty also renounces the Principality of Fulda, and the 
other districts and territories which were secured to him by 
Article XII of the Principal Reces of the Extraordinary Depu- 
tation of the Empire of the 25th of February, ISOS.f 

Family Pact of the Princes of Nassau. Succession, 

Art. LXXL Tlie right and order of Succession, established 
between the two branches of the House of Nassau, by the Act 
of 1783, J called Nassauischer Erbverein^ is confirmed, and trans- 
ferred from the four Principalities of Orange-Nassau to the Grand 
Duchy of Luxemburg. 

Charges and Engagements relating to the Provinces detached from 

France. 
Art. LXXII. His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, in 
unituig under his Sovereignty the Countries designated in Artidefi^ 
LXVI and LXVIII, enters into all the rights, and takes upon 

* See Appendix. f See Appendix. J See Appendix. 

253 



June, 1815.] gbeat Britain, Austria, &c. [No. 27 

CViexma Oongresa Treaty.] 

himself all the charges aiid all the stipulated engagements^ relative 
to the Provmces and Districts detached from France by the Treaty 
of Peace concluded at Paris the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1). 

Basis of the Union of the Belgie Provinces* 

Art. LXXIII. His Majesty the King of the Netheriands, 
having recognised and sanctioned, under date of the 21ert July, 
1814, as the Basis of the Union of the Belgie Pnninoes with 
the United Provinces, the 8 Articles contained in the document 
annexed to the present Treaty (No. 4), the said Articles shall 
have the same force and validity as if they were inserted, word 
for word, in the present Instrument. 

Integrity of the 19 Cantons of Switzerland, 

Art. LXXrV. The integrity of the Nineteen Cautcm8,t as they 
existed in a political body, from the signature of the GcmventioD 
of the 29th December, 181d,:t is recognised as the baens of tiie 
Helvetic system. 

Switzerland, JJnuyn of Tliree new CoAitons, The Valaisy Chneva^ 
and Neufchatel. 

Art. LXXV. The Valais, the territory of Geneva,§ and the 
Principality of Neufchatel,|| are united to Switzerland, and shall 
form Three new Cantons. 



* The Union between Holland and Belgium was diflsolTed by the Trea^ 
between the 6 Powers and Belgium of the 15th NoTember, 1881. The Sing 
of the Netherlands, however, refused to consent to the arrangeiment, and it 
was subsequently cancelled by the Treaties between the- 6 Powers and Belgium, 
the 6 Powers and the Netherlands, and between the Netherlands and Belgiuin, 
which were all signed on the 19th April, 1839. 

t See Treaty between Austria, Great Britain, Pnusiay Biuaa, and ITethfli^ 
lands of 31st May, 1815, Art. YIU. 



X See Appendix. 








Zurich. 


Unterwald. 


Basle. 




Berne. 


Glaris. 


SchaflThausen. 


ThurgoTia. 


Lucerne. 


Zug. 


AppenselL 


Teeain. 


Uri. 


Friburg. 


St. GaU. 


Vaud. 


Schweiti. 


Soleurc. 


Grisons. 





§ Sec CouTention between the Swiss Cantons of 29th December, 1813. 
Appendix. 

II See Treaty between Ghreat Britain, Austria, Franoe, Pniwia, Bnaiia, and 
Switzerland, 2Gth May, 1857. 

254 



No. 27] GREAT BBITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Oonflrress Treaty.] 

La VaUee des Dappes, 
La Yallee des Dappes, having formed part of the Canton of 
Vaud, is restored to it.* 

Bxoitzerland, Union of Bishopric of Basle, and Town and Territory 
ofBienne, ■mltli Canton of Berne. 

Art. LXXVI. The Bishopric of Basle, and the city and terri- 
tory of Bienne, shall bo united to the Helvetic Confederation, and 
shall form part of the Canton of Berne. 

The following districts, however, are excepted from this last 
arrangement : 

1. A District of about three square leagues in extent, in- 
cluding the Communes of Altschweiler, Schonbuch, Oberweiler, 
Terweiler, Ettingen, Furstentein, Plotten, Pfeffingen, Aesch, 
Bruck, Reinach, Arlesheim ; wliich District shall be united to the 
Canton of Basle. 

An Enclave given to Neufchatel. 

2. A small Enclave^ situated near the Neufchatel village of 
LigniereSjf which is at present, with respect to civil jurisdiction, 
dependant upon the Canton of Neufchatel, and with respect to 
criminal jurisdiction upon that of the Bishopric of Basle, shall 
belong in full Sovereignty to the Principality of Neufchatel. 

Switzerland, Bights of Inhabitarvts of Countries united with 
Canton of Berne. 

Art. LXXVII. The uihabitant« of the Bishopric of Basle, and 
those of Bienne, united to the Cantons of Berne and Basle, shall 
enjoy, in every respect^ without any distinction of Religion (which 
shall be maintained in its present state) the same political and 
civil rights which are enjoyed, or may be enjoyed, by the inha- 
bitants of the ancient parts of the said cantons ; they shall, there- 
fore, be equally competent to become candidates for the places of 
Representatives, and for all other appointments, according to the 
constitution of the cantons. Such mimicipal privileges as are 
compatible with the constitution and the general regulations of 
the Canton of Berne, shall be preserved to the town of Bienne, 
and to the villages that formed part of its jurisdiction. 

The sale of the national domains shall be confirmed, and the 
feudal rights and tithes cannot be re-established. 

* On the 8th December, 1862, a Treaty waa concluded between France 
and Switzerland for an exchange of territory in the Yallio des Dappes. 
t See alBo Art. XXIII, p. 226. 

255 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 27 

[Vienna Conflrress Treaty.] 

The respective Acts of the union shall be framed, conformably 
to the principles above declared, by Commissions, comi)osed of an 
equal number of deputies from each of the directing parties coii- 
cenied. Those from the Bishopric of Basle shall be chosen by 
the canton from amongst the most eminent citizens of the 
country. The said Acts shall be guaranteed by the Swiss Con- 
federation. All points upon which the parties cannot agree, 
shall be decided by a court of Arbitration, to be named by the 
Diet. 

Switzerland. Bestoratmi of the Lordship of Bazuns to the Ganton 

of Grisons. 

Ajtt. LXXVIII. The cession, made by Article III of the 
Treaty of Vienna, of the 14th October, 1809,* of the Lordship of 
Razuns, inclosed in the country of the Orisons, having ex])ired ; 
and Ilis Majesty the Emperor of Austria, being restored to all 
the rights attached to the said possession, confirms the disposition 
which he made of it, by a Declaration, dated the 20th March, 
1815, in favour of the Canton of the Orisons. 

Smtzerlatid. Commercial and Military Gommunicatioiis between 
Town of Geneva and Ganton of Vaud, Versoy Road. 

Art. LXXIX. In order to ensure the commercial and military 
commimications of the Town of Ocneva with the Canton of Vaud, 
and the rest of Switzerland ; and with a view to fulfil, in that 
respect. Article IV of the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 
(No. 1), Ilis Most Christian Majesty consents so to place the line 
of custom-houses, that the road which leads from Oeneva into 
Switzerland by Versoy, shall at all times be free, and that 
neither the post nor travellers, nor the transport of merchandize, 
shall be interrupted by any examination of the oflScers of the 
Customs, nor subjected to any duty. 

Switzerland. Passage of Troops. Versoy Road. 

It is equally miderstood that the passage of Swiss troops on 
this road shall not, in any manner, bo obstnicted. 

In the additional regulations to bo made on this subject, the 
execution of the Treaties relative to the fi-ee communication 
betweeii the town of Oeneva and the jurisdiction of Peney, shall 
be assured in the manner most convenient to the inhabitants of 

• Annulled. 
2.56 



No. 27] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ao. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna Conflrress Treaty.] 

Geneva. His Most Christian Majesty also consents that the 
gendarmerie and militia of Geneva, after having communicated on 
the subject with the neai-est military post of the French gendar- 
merie, shall pass on the high road of Meyriti, to and from the said 
jurisdiction and the town of Geneva. 

Switzerland, Cession hy the King of Sardinia to the Cautan of 
Geneva, Savoy* Simploji I{^)ad. 

Abt. LXXX. His Majesty the King of Sardinia cedes that 
part of Savoy which is situated between the river Arve, the 
Rhone, the limits of that part of Savoy ceded to France, and the 
mountain of Saleve, as far as Veiry indnsive, together with that 
part which lies between the high road called that of the Simplon, 
the Lake of Geneva, and the jn-esent territory of the canton of 
Geneva, from Venezas to the point where the river Ilermance 
crosses the said road ; and from thence, following the course of 
that river to where it enters the Lake of Geneva, to the east of 
the village of Hermance (the whole of the road of the Simplon 
contmuing to be possessed by His Majesty the King of Sardinia) 
in order that these countries shall be united {reunis) to the canton 
of Geneva ; with the reservation, however, of determining more 
precisely, by Commissioners respectively, their limits, particularly 
that part which relates to the demarcation above Veiry and on 
the mountain of Saleve ; His said Majesty renouncing for hhuself 
and his successors, in peqxjtuity, without exception or wservation, 
all rights of Sovereignty, or other rights which may belong to 
him in the places and territories comprised within this demarca- 
tion. 

Switzerland, Simplon Rood, Passage of Troops, 

His Majesty the King of Sardinia also agrees, that the commu- 
nication between the canton of Geneva and the Valais, by the 
road of the Simplon, shall be established, in the same manner as it 
has been agreed to by France, between Geneva and the canton of 
Vaud, by the route of Versoy.f A free communication shall also 
be at all times granted for the Genevese troops, between the terri- 
tory of Geneva and the jurisdiction of Jussy, and such facilities 
shall be allowed as may be necessary for proceeding by the lake 
to the road of the Simplon. 

Switzerland, Exemption from Transit Dues, 
On the other hand, an exemption from all duties of transit 
• See alBO Art XCI. t See Art LXXIX. 

257 8 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BEITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 27 

[Vienna OonflrreM Treaty.] 

shall be granted for all merchandise and goods which, coming 
from the States of His Majesty the King of Sardinia and the 
Free Port of Genoa, shall traverse the road called the Simplon in 
its whole extent, through the Valais and the State of Geneva. 
This exemption shall, however, be confined to the transit, and 
shall extend neither to the tolls established for the maintenance of 
the road, nor to duties levied on merchandise or goods intended 
to be sold or consumed in the interior. The same reservation 
shall apply to the communication granted to the Swiss between 
the Valais and the canton of Geneva ; and the different Govern- 
ments shall for this purpose take such measures as, by common 
agreement, they shall judge necessary, either for taxation or for 
preventing contraband trade in their territories, respectively.* 

SwitzerUind, Compensations by Cantoris of Argovia, Vaud, Tewin^ 
and St Qally to Cantons of Schweitz, Unterwald, Urij Glarit^ 
Zug^ and AppenzelL 

Art. LXXXI. With a view to the establishing of reciproca/ 
compensations, the Cantons of Argovia, Vaud, Tessin, and St. Gall, 
shall furnish to the ancient Cantons of Schweitz, Unterwald, Uii, 
Glaris, Zug and Appenzell (Rhode Interieure) a sum of money to be 
applied to purposes of public instruction, and to the expenses of 
general administration, but principally to the former object, in the 
said cantons. 

The quota, manner of payment, and division of this peconiary 
compensation, are fixed as follows : — 

The Cantons of Argovia, Vaud, and St. Gall shall furnish to 
the Cantons of Schweitz, Unterwald, Uri, Zug, Glaris, and Appenzell 
{Rhode Interienre\ a fund of 500,000 Swiss livres. 

Each of the former cantons shall pay the interest of its quota, 
at the rate of 5 per cent, per annum, or have the option of din- 
charging the principal, either in money or funded property. 

The division, either of the payment or receipt of these fanda, 
shall be made according to the scale of contributions laid down for 
providing the federal expenses. 

The Canton of Tessin shall pay every year to the Canton of Uri, 
a moiety of the produce of the tolls in the Levantine Valley. 

Switzerland, Disposal of Futids 'placed in England by Cantont 
of Zurich and Berne. 
Art. LXXXII. To put an end to the discussions which have 
• See also Arts. LXXXV and XCI. 
258 



Ho. 27] GKEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRLl, &c. [Q June, 18K. 

(yianna Conffress Treaty.] 

triaen^ with respect to the funds placx'd in England by the Cantons 
of Zurich and Berne, it is determined : 

1. That the Cantons of Benie and Zurich shall preserve the 
property of the funded capital as it uxistcd hi 1803, at the peritKl 
of the dissolution of the Helvetic Government, and shall receive 
the interest thereof, from the 1st January, 1815 ; 

2. That the accumulated uiterest due since the year 1798, up 
to the year 1814, inclusive, shall be ajiplied to the juiynient of the 
nBuining capital of the national debt, known under the deuomi- 
MtioQ of the Helvetic debt ; 

3. That the surplus of the Ilelvetic debt shall remain at the 
AsgB of the other cantons, those of Berne and Zurich beuig 
merated by the above arrangement. The quota of each of the 
CBtOM which remain charged with this surplus, shall beralculal«*d 
Bd paid according to the pro[K)rtion fixed for the contributions 
fatined to defray federal expenses. The countries incoi-])orated 
with Switzerland since 1813 shall not bo assessed on account of 
4eold Helvetic debt. 

If it shall happen that an overplus remains after discharging 
the above debt, that overplus shall be dividiKl between the Cantons 
of Berne and Zurich, in the proportion of their rcsjKJotive capitals. 

The same regulations shall be observed with a»gard to those 
oiher debts, the documents conoeniiiig which are dejHisited in 
the custody of the Pi-esident of the Diet. • 

Switzerland. Indemnity to Proprietors of " Lawh,** 
Abt. LXXXIII. To conciliate disputes respiting Laufh abo- 
U»ed without indemnification, an indenuiity shall be given to 
pewonswho are owners of such Lunda; and for the i>uriK»sc» of 
wriiding all further difFerences on this subject lx'twc»en the Cautons 
of Berne and Vaud, the latter shall pay to the (jrovernmeiit of 
Beme the smn of 300,000 Swiss livrcs, which sliall l>e shared 
hetween the Bernese claimants, proprietors of Laudt*. The pay- 
"oente shall be made at the rate of a fifth part each year, com- 
mencing from the 1st January, 1816. 

Smtzerland, Cotifirmatiofi of the Declaration of 20tk March, 

1815. 

Aw. LXXXIV. The Declaration of the 20th March (No. 9), 

•Alressed by the Allied Powers who signed the Treaty of Paris, to 

^ Diet of the Swiss Confederation, and acce[>t(»d by the Diet 

through the Act of Adliesion of the 27th May (No. 20), is con- 

259 s 2 



9 June, 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [No. 27 

[Vienna Consress Treaty.] 

firmed in the whole of its tenor ; and the principles established, 
as also the arrangements agreed upon, in the said Dedaration, 
shall be invariably maintained. 

Frontiers of tl^e States of the King of Sardinia.* 

Art. LXXXV. The frontiers of the States of His Majesty 
the King of Sardinia shall be : — 

On the side of France, such as they were on the 1st of January, 
1792, with the exception of the changes effected by the Ti-eaty 
of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1); 

On the side of the Helvetic Confederation, such as they ex- 
isted on the 1st of January, 1792, with the exception of the 
change produced by the cession in favour of the Canton of Geneva, 
as specified by Article LXXX of the present Act ; 

On the side of the States of His Majesty the Emperor of 
Austria, such as they existed on the 1st of January, 1792 ; and 
the Convention concluded between their Majesties the Empress 
Maria Theresa and the King of Sardinia, on the 4th October, 
1751,f shall be reciprocally confirmed in all its stipulations ; 

On the side of the States of Parma and Placentia, the frontier it 
far as it concerns the ancient States of the King of Sardinia, BhaU 
continue to be the same as they were on the Ist of January, 1792. 

The borders of the former States of Genoa, and of the countries 
called Imperial Fiefs, miited to the States of His Majesty the 
King of Sardinia, according to the following Articles, shall be the 
same as those which, on the 1st of January, 1792, separated 
those countries from the States of Parma and Placentia, and from 
those of Tuscany and Massa. 

Islwnd of Capraja, 
The island of Capraja, havmg belonged to the ancient republic 
of Genoa, is included in the cession of the States of Genoa, to 
His Majesty the King of Sardinia. 

Union of the States of Genoa with the States of the King of 
Sardinia, 

Art. LXXXVI. The States which constituted the former re- 
public of Genoa, are united in perpetuity to those of His Majesty 
the King of Sardinia, to be, like the latter, possessed by him in full 
Sovereignty and hereditary property ; and to descend, in the male 

* See Treaty between Austria and Sardinia of 6th August, 1849. 
t See Appendix. 

260 



Ho. 27] OBEAT BBITAiy, AUSTRIA, Ac. [Q June, 1815. 

tVianna Ckmffr«a« Treaty.] 

line, in the order of primogeniture, to the two branches of his house, 
viz. : the royal branch, and the branch of Savoy -Carigiian. 

Title of King of Sardinia; Duke of Genoa, 
Art. LXXXVII. The King of Sardinia shall add to liis pre- 
sent titles, that of Duke of Genoa.* 

Sardinia. Riifhta of Privihge^ of the G*'nni^jie. 
Art. LXXXVIII. The Genoc.*»e shall onj(»y all the rights and 
privUeges, specified in this Act, intituled '*C^»n«litinns wlii(*h are 
to serve as the basis of the Union of the Genoese States to those 
of His Sardinian Majesty** (No. 19), and the said Act, such as it 
k annexed to this General Treaty, and shall be consideriMi as 
m integral part thereof, and shall have the same fora> and 
Tilidity as if it were textually inserted in the present Article. 

Sardinia, Union of the " hnpf*rinl Fiefs " of late Liyurian 

Eepuhlic. 
Art. LXXXIX. The countries called Imperial Fiefs, formerly 
united to the ancient Lignrian Republic, are definitely united to 
the States of His Majesty the King of Sardinia, in the same 
manner as the rest of the Genoese States ; and the inhabitants of 
these oountries shall enjoy the same rights and privileges as those 
of the States of Genoa, specified in the preceding Article. 

Sardin ia . Right of Fo rtify ing. 
kscT. XC. The right that the Powers who signed the Treaty of 
Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), reserved to themselves by 
Article III of that Treaty, of fortifying such points of their States 
as they might judge f)roper for their safety, is equally reserved, 
without restriction, to His Majesty the King of Sardinia. 

Savoy.^ Cessian by the King of Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva. 
Art. XCI. His Majesty the King of Sarduiia cedes to the 

• See Art. XIV. Conditions, &o. 

t By tbe Treaty between France and Sardinia of 2^kh March, 1860, Savoy 
■nd 5ioe were united to France ; but by Art. II of that Treaty it was declared 
lo be undeniood that the King of Sardinia could only transfer the neutralised 
pvts of SaToj on tbe conditions upon which he himself possessed them, 
■nd that it belonged to the Emperor of the French to come to an understand- 
ing both with the Powers represented at the Congress of Vienna, and with 
the Swiss Confederation, respecting the necessary guarantees to be given in 
oonsequence of the stipulations of that Treaty. Sec also notes of 14th 
Huch, 1859, and 18ih and 29th July, 1870. 

261 



MAP OF 

DALMATIA, MOUTHS OF THE CATTARO, 

FORMER REPUBLIC OF RAGUSA, &c., 

(TURKISH DISTRICTS OF KLECK & SUTORINA) 

1815. 



Mo. 27] GREAT BRITAIN AUSTRIA, &c. [9 Jonei 1815. 

(yiwma Consx«(M Treaty.] 

tainebleau of 1807,* aud by the Treaty of Vienna of 1809 ; f the 
p068e8sioQ of which proviuoeB aud tcrrituries IIi8lm[)onal and Royal 
Apostolic Majesty obtained in consequence of the lant war; such ua, 
Istria, Austnau as well a.s heretofore Venetian, Daliuatia,the ancient 
Venetian Isles of the Adriatic, the Mouths of the Cattaro, the City 
of Venice, t with its waters, as well as all the other provinces aud 
distiicts of the formerly Venetian States of the Terra Firma' upon 
the left bank of the Adigc, the Duchies of Milan and Mantua, 
the Principalities of Brixen and Trente, the County of Tyrol,S the 
Vorariberg,§ the Austrian Frioul, the ancient Venetian Frioul, the 
territory of Montefalcone, the Government and Town of Trieste, 
OuTiiola, Upper Carinthia, Croatia on the right of the Save, 
flame and the Hungarian Littorale^ and the District of Castua. 

Territories uniUd to the Austrian Monarchy. The Valteline, 
Bormio, Chiavenna, Batjnsa, Sfc. 

Abt. XCIV, ITis Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty shall 
onite to his monarchy, to be possessed by him and his successors 
in full property and Sovereignty : — 

1. Besides the portions of the Terra Hrma in the Venetian 
States mentioned in the preceding Article, the other parts of 
thoae States, as well as all other territories situated between the 
Te8sino,§ the Po, and the Adriatic Sea. 

2. The Vallies of the Valteline, of Bormio, and of Cliiavenna. 

3. The territories which formerly composed the RepubUc of 
Bagosa. 

Austrian Frontiers in Itahj.\\ 

Art. XCV. In consequence of the stipulations agreed upon 
in the preceding Articles, the frontiers of the States of His 
Imperial and Apostolic Majesty, in Italy, shall be : — 

1. On the side of the States of His Majesty the King of 
Sarduiia, such as they were on the 1st of January, 1792 ; 

2. On the side of the States of Parma,f Placentia, and Gua- 
fltalla, the course of the Po, the line of demarcation following the 
Thalweg of the River; 

• loth October, 1807. See Appendix. 

t 14th October, 1809. Annulled. 

X See Treaty between Austria and Sardinia of 20th Maj, 1815. 

% See Art. II of Conyention 3rd June, 1814. 

II See Treaties of 10th November, 1859, and 3rd October, 1866. 

% A Protocol was signed between Austria and Parma on the 26th April, 
1820, defining this Boandarj, which Protocol was converted into a Convention 
OD the 26th May, 1821. 

263 



9 Jane, 1815.] aREAT BBTTAm, Austria, &c. [Ho. 27 

CViexma Congress Treaty.] 

Canton of Geneva the districts of Savoy, designated in Article 
LXXX above recit<»d, according to the conditions specified in the 
Act, intituled " Cession made by His Majesty the King of Sar- 
dinia to the Canton of Geneva " (No. 19). This Act shall be con- 
sidered as an integral part of this General Treaty, to which it is 
annexed, and shall have the same force and validity as if it were 
textually inserted in the present Article. 

Switzerland and Sardinia, Neutrality of OJuiblais^ Fancigny^ 
and part of Savoy. 

Art. XCII. The Provinces of Chablais and Faucigny, and the 
whole of the territoiy of Savoy to the north of Ugine, belonging 
to His Majesty the King of Sardinia, shall form a part of the 
Neutrality of Switzerland, as it is recognised and gaaranteed 1^ 
the Powers.* 

Passage of Troops, 

Whenever, therefore, the neighbouring Powers to Switzerbnd 
are in a state of open or impending hostility, the troops of ffii 
Majesty the Kmg of Sardinia which may be in those province^ 
shall retire, and may for that purpose pass through the Valiii^ 
if necessary. No other armed troops of any other Power shat ■ 
have the privilege of passing through or remaining in the said 
territories and provinces, excepting those which the Swiss Coo- 
federation shall think proper to place there ; it being well under- 
stood that this state of things shall not in any manner intermpi 
the administration of these countries, in which the civil agents of 
His Majesty the King of Sardinia may likewise employ the 
municipal guard, for the preservation of good order. 

description of the Territories, ^c, of tohich the Emperor of Austria 

takes possession on the side of Italy, Istriu, Ddtmatia, M<nUk8 

of tlie Cattaro, Venice, Tyrol, Vorarlherg, Sfc, 

Art. XCIII. In pursuance of the Renunciations agreed upon bj 

the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), the Powers 

who sign the present Treaty, recognise His Majesty the Emperor of 

Austria, his heii*s and successors, as legitimate Sovereign of the 

PVovinces and Territories which had been ceded, either wholly or 

in part, by the Treaties of Campo-Formio of 1797,t of Luneville of 

1801, J of Presburgof 1805,§ by the additional Convention of Fon- 

• See Protocol of 4 Powers, 3rd November, 1815. 
t 17th October, 1797. See Appendix. 
X 9th Febrimrr, 1801. See Appendix. 
§ 26th December. 1805. AnnuUed. 

262 



MAP to illustrate portions oj Arts. XCIIL apid XCIV, 
of the Vienna Congress Treaty of gth yinu\ 1S15 : 
Austrian Possessions in Dalmatian the Mouths of the 
Cattaro, and the former Republic of Ragusa, cfc,, 
and shewijig position of Turkish Districts of Kleck 
and Sutarina. 




V vt.:.-. '.ar.- "A ' 



The Austrian Possessions are coloured Pink. 



9 June, 1815 J GEEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [Ho. 27 

[Viexma OonffreiB Treaty.] 

Austria is re-established, himself, his heirs and successors, in all 
the rights of Sovereignty and property, in the Grand Duchy of 
Tuscany and its dc})endencie8, which he possessed previous to 
the Treaty of Luneville (1801). 

Tlie stipulations of the second Article of the Treaty of Vienna, 
of the 3rd October, 1735, between the Emperor Charles VI and 
the King of France, to which the other Powers acceded, are fully 
renewed in favour of Ilis Imperial Highness and his descendants, 
as well as the guarantees resulting from those stipulations.* 

There shall be likewise united to the said Grand Duchy, to 
be p<^ssessed in full property and Sovereignty by the Grand Duke 
Ferdinand, his heirs, and descendants ; — 

1. The State of the Presidii. 

2. That part of the Island of Elba, and its appurtenances, 
which were luider the Suzerainete of His Majesty this King of the 
Two Sicilies before the year 1801. 

3. The Suzerainete and Sovereignty of the Principality <rf 
Piombino and it« dependencies. 

Prince Ludovisi Buoncompagni shall retain, for himself and 
his legitimate successors, all the property which his family 
possessed in the Piincipality of Piombino, and in the Island of 
Elba and its dependencies, previously to the occupation of those 
countries by the French troops in 1799, together with the mines, 
foundries, and salt mines. 

The Prince Ludovisi shall likewise preserve his right of Fishery, 
and enjoy an entire exemption from duties, as well for the exporta- 
tion of the produce of his Mines, foundries, salt mines, and do- 
mains, as for the importation of Wood and other articles neces- 
sary for working the mines : he shall also be indemnified by His 
Imj>erial Highness the Grand Duke of Tuscany, for all the reve- 
nues the family of the latter derived from the crown duties before 
the year 1801. In case any difficulties should arise in the valua- 
tion of this indemnity, the parties concerned shall refer the 
decision to the Courts of Vienna and Sardinia. 

4. The late Imperial Fiefs of Vernio, Montanto, and Monte 
Santa Maria, lying within the Tuscan States. 

Duchy of Lucca,\ 
Art. CI. The Principality of Lucca shall be possessed in full 
* See Treaty botwocn the 5 Powers and Spain of 10th June, 1817. 
t Lucca was ceded to Tuscany by the Treaty of 4th October, 1847 ; and 
Tuscany was annexed to Sardinia by Decree of S^nd March, 1800. 

'266 



Ko. 27] OBEAT BBITAIX, AUSTRIA, &c. [9 Jane, 1815. 

[Yisnna Congrewi Treaty.] 

Sovereignty by Uer Majesty the Infant a Maria Louisa, and her 
descendants, in the direct male line. 

The Principality is erected into a Duchy, and shall have a 
form of government founded upon the principles of that wliich it 
reodved in 1805. 

An Annuity of 500,000 francs shall be added to the revenue of 

the Principality of Lucca, which His Majesty the Emperor of 

Awtria, and His Imperial Highness the Grand Duke of Tuscany, 

oigigc to pay regularly, as long as circumstanci^s do not admit of 

procaring another estabhshment for Uer Mujrsty the* Infanta 

Miria Louisa, her son, and his descendants. Tliis annuity shall 

k specially mortgaged ui)on the Lordships in Bohemia, known 

bfthe name of Bavaro Palatine^s ; which, in case of the Duchy of 

Loxa reverting to the Grand Duke of Tuscany, shall be freed 

from this charge, and shall again form a part of the private 

domiiD of His Imperial and Royal A^iostoUc Majesty.* 

Beversio7i of the Duchy of Lucca. Ficizano^ Sfc. 

Art. CH. The Duchy of Lucca shall revert to the Grand 
Duke of Tuscany ; either in case of its becoming vacant by the 
deith of Her Majesty the Infanta Maria Louisa, or of her son 
Don Carlos, and of their direct male descendants ; or in case the 
Infanta Maria Louisa or her direct heirs should obtain any other 
ttteUishment, or succeed to another branch of their dynasty. 

The Grand Duke of Tuscany, however, engages, should the 
wd Reversion fall to him, to cede to the Duke of Modena, as soon 
•I he shall have entered into possession of the Principality of 
lacca, the following tenitories : — 

1. The Tuscan districts of Fi\'izano, Pietra Santa, and Barga. 

2. The Lucca districts of Castiglione and Gallicano, lying 
withm the States of Modena, as well as those of Minucciano 
ud Monte- Ignose, contiguous to the country of Massa.* 

Besturatlofi of the Marches, Benevento, and Ponte-CorvOy 

to the Holy See.^ 
Art. CIII. The Marches, with Camerino, and their depen- 
dendes, as well as the Duchy of Benevento and the Principality of 
Ponte-Corvo, are restored to the Holy See. 

* See Alt. CII, and Treaty between the 6 Foirera and Spain of lOtli 
Jo»,1817. 

t The Prorinces of the Marches were annexed to the Kingdom of Sar- 
^Ottbj Decree of 17th December, 1860. 

267 



9 June, 1815.] GEEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [No. 27 

[Vienna Oongress Treaty.] 

Restoration of the Legations of Ravenna^ Bologna^ and Ferrara^ 
to the Holy See, 
The Holy See shall resume possession of the Legations of 
Ravenna, Bologna, and Ferrara, with the exception of that part 
of Ferrara which is situate on the left bank of the Po. 

Austrian Right to Garrison Ferrara afid Commachio. 
His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty and his successors 
shall have the right of placing Garrisons at Ferrara and Com- 
machio. 
Rights of Inhahitants returning under Govermn&nt of Holy See, 
The inhabitants of the countries who return under, the 
Government of the Holy See, in consequence of the stipula- 
tions of Congress, shall enjoy the benefit of Article XYI of the 
Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1). 

Acquisitions of Individuals. Public Debt. Pensions. 
All acquisitions made by individuals, in yirtae of a tide 
acknowledged as legal by the existing laws, are to be considered 
as good, and the arrangements necessary for the guarantee of 
the public debt and the payment of pensions, shall be settled by a 
particular Convention between the Courts of Rome and Vienna. 

Restoration of King Ferdiiiavd IV to Nappies as King of ike Two 

Sicilies. 
Art. civ. His Majesty King Ferdinand IV, his heirs, and 
successors, is restored to the throne of Naples, and His Majesty 
is acknowledged by the Powers as King of the Two Sicilies. 

Affairs of Portugal. Restitution of the Town of Olivetu^, 
Art. CV. The Powers, recognising the justice of the claims 
of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Portugal and the 
Brazils, upon the Town of Oliven9a, and the other territories 
ceded to Spain by the Treaty of Badajos of 1801,* and viewing 
the restitution of the same as a measure necessary to insure that 
perfect and constant harmony between the Two Kingdoms of the 
Peninsula, the preservation of which in all parts of Europe, has 
been the constant object of their arrangements, formally. engage 
to use their utmost endeavours, by amicable means, to procure 
the retrocession of the said territories in favour of FortugaL 
And the Powers declare, as far as depends upon them, that this 
arrangement shall take place as soon as possible.f 

* Treaty hot ween France and Portugal of 6th June, 1801. Annulled, 
t This reetitution never took place ; and the town is stiU held bj Spain. 

268 



• Kp. 27] GBEAT BBITAIX , AUSTRIA, &c. [9 June, 1815. 

prisnna Conffress Treaty.] 

Belaiions heticeen FnDirf an*l Purtu'jul. French Ouuuia, 

Art. CVI. In order to remove th«* (liflifulties whirli npjjosed 

the Ratification on the part of IDs Royal Ili^hiier^s the IVince 

Begent of the Kingdoms of Portugal and the Brazils, of the 

Treaty sijrned on the :30tli of May, IH14 (No. 1), bet wfi-ii Portufcal 

Hid France; it is determined that tlie stipuhitioiis contained in 

Article X of that Treaty, and all those wliich reflate to it, shall 

be of DO effect, and that with the cons<*nt of all the Powers the 

proriflions contained in the following Article shall Ik* Bubstitute<l 

for them, and which shall alone l>e considenMl as valitl: with thin 

eueption, all the other clauses of tiie above Treaty of Paris shall 

Ve saiut&ined, and regarded an mutually binding on the Two 

Qm.* 

France and Portugal. Rcfiiitufwu of French Gnlana. 

Sxi, CVII. His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of the 
Gngdoms of Portugal and the Brazils, wishing to give an 
nequivocal proof of his high consideration for His Most Chris- 
tiu Majesty, engages to restore French Guiana to Ilis said 
Hijesty, as far as the river Oyai)ock, the mouth of which is 
Btaated between the fourth and fifth degjt« of north latitude, 
tnd which has always been considered by Portugal as the Limit 
ippointed by the Treaty of UtrcH:ht.t 

The period for giving up this Colony shall be detennined, as 
looQ as circumstances shall permit, by a Particular Convention 
between the two Courts ;} ^^^ they shall enter into an amicable 
vnngement, as soon as possible, with regard to the defmitivc 
demarcation of the limits of Portufiruese and French Guiana, con- 
fonnably to the precise meaning of Article VIII of the Treaty of 
Utrecht. 

Navigation of Rivers traversing different States.^ 

Art. CVII I. The Powers whose States are separat(»d or crossed 
ij the same navigable River engage to regulate, by common con- 

* See Art. CXXI, rotpecting Ratifieationp. 

t 11th April, 1713. See Appendix. 

t Treaty 28th August, 1817. 

§ Arts. CVII I to CXVI are the same as tlic Regulations of March, 1815. 
These Articles were referred to in the Preamble to the Treat? between 
Fhissia, Hanorer, &o., of lOth September, 1823, relatire to the navigation of 
tlis Weser ; in the Treaty between Austria, Ac, and Hanover, of 13th 
April, 1844, and in the Treaty between Gn^at Britain and llunover, of 22nd 
July, 1844, relative to the Brunsliausen or Stade Toll. They were also 
•ppUed to the Danube by Art. XV of the Gk^nend Treaty of 30th March, 1866. 
* 26<> 



9 June, 1815.] geeat beitain, austeia, &c. [Ho. 27 

[Vienna Oonffreas Treaty.] 

sent, all that regards its navigation. For this purpose they will 
name Commissioners, who shall assemble, at latest, within 6 
months after the termination of the Congress, and who shall 
adopt, as the bases of their proceedings, the Principles established 
by the following Articles. 

Rivers : Freedom of Navigation. 
Art. CIX. The navigation of the Rivers, along their whde 
course, referred to in the preceding Article, from the point where 
each of them becomes navigable, to it« mouth, shall be entirely 
free, and shall not, in respect to Commerce, be prohibited to any 
one ; it being understood that the Regulations established with 
regard to the Police of this navigation shall be respected, as they 
will be framed alike for all, and as 'favourable as possible to the 
Commerce of all nations. 

Rivers : Uniformity of System for Collection of Dues, 
Art. ex. The system that shall' be established both for the 
collection of the Duties and for the maintenance of the Police, 
shall be, as nearly as possible, the same along the whole course 
of the River ; and shall also extend, unless particular drcum- 
Btanccs prevent it, to those of its Branches and Junctions, which, 
in their navigable course, separate or traverse different States. 

Rivers : Regulation of Tariff. 

Art. CXI. The Duties on navigation shall be regulated in an 
uniform and settled manner, and with as little reference as pos* 
Bible to the different quality of the merchandize, in order that a 
minute examination of the cargo may be rendered unnecessary, 
except with a view to prevent fraud and evasion. The amount 
of the Duties, which shall in no case exceed those now paid, shall 
be determined by local circumstances, which scarcely allow of a 
general rule in tliis respect. The Tariff shall, however, be pre- 
pared in such a manner as to encourage commerce by facih'tating 
navigation ; for which purpose the Duties established upon the 
Rhine, and now in force on that River, may serve as an approxi- 
mating rule for its construction. 

The Tariff once settled, no increase shall take place therein, 
except by the common consent of the States bordering on the 
Rivers; nor shall the navigation be burdened with any other 
Duties than those fixed in the Regulation (No. 11). 

Rivers: Offices for Collection of Dues. 
Art. CXII. The Offices for the collection of Duties, the number 

270 



Ho. 27] GREAT BRITAIN. AUSTRIA, &o. [9 June, 1815. 

[Yienna Conrreas Treaty.] 

of which shall be redua>d a*« much as (msxiMr, shall U* dettTiniiiiMl 
opoD iu the above R<'^ilati«>n, and im cliaii^' ^liall aftiMwanis be 
made, but by couimnu oftsi'ut. uiil«'ss any uf thr Stati*s bonU'riiifj 
on the Rivers slunild wish to diminish the uunilKT nf those whicli 
exclusively belong to tJie same. 

Eivtrs : Tuiriiiif r'lthif. 
Art. CXIIT. Each State borderin;^ on the Rivers is to be at the 
expense of keejung* in good rejKiir tli«» Towing Patlis wliich pawn 
through its temtory. and of maintaining tlu* n«'cessary works 
thnmgh the same extent in the channels of the riviT, in order 
IkilDO obstacle may be exi>erienced to the navigation. 

Bivers : D m //V>»» of R ive ra hi St'i ten . 
The intended Regulation sliall detennine the manner in which 
tie States bordering on the Rivers ait? to paili<-i|iate in thest* 
litter works, where the op(N>sito banks l)eIong to different 
GoT^mments. 

Bivers : Port a n d IL trhouf Dut I*? ft. 

Art. CXIV. There shall nowheit* be established Store-house, 
Port, or Forced IlarlKjur Duties (Droits d\'t'ijf*>, d'a:/u//e rt de 
Ttlnch'forcet). Those already existing shill be preserved for such 
time only, as the States lx)rderingon Rivers (without n'gard to the 
local interest of the place or the country where they are esta- 
blished) shall find them necessary or useful to navigation and 
OHnnicroe in general. 

Bivers : Cut<tnm^IInnses. 
Abt. CXV. The Custom-TIouses belonging to the States border- 
logon Rivers shall not interfere in th(^ duties of navigation. Regu- 
lations shall be established to prevent oflicers of the Customs, in 
the exercise of their functions, tlirowing obstacles in tiie way of 
4e navigation; but care shall Ix^ taken, by means of a strict 
Police on the bank, to preclude every attempt of the inhabitants 
to smuggle goods, through the medium of boatmen. 

Rivers: Be*jida(ions to he sriflrd Inj a Gcmrnl ArramjtJtuent, 
Art. CXVI. Everj-thing exprcsse<l in the preceding Articles 

shall be settled by a general arrangement, in which tiiere shall 

ilso be comprised whatever may need an ulterior determination 

(Ho. U). 

The arrangement once setth^d, sliall not be changed, but by 

and with the consent of all the States bordering on Rivers, and 

271 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT Britain, Austria, &o. [Na V 

[Vienna Conffress Treaty.] 

they shall take care to provide for its execution with dae regui 
to circumstaDces and locality. 

Rivers : ConfinncUioti of the Particular Begidutiom relative to Ou 
• Navigation of tlie Uhin^, NecJcar, Moselle^ Meuse, atid SchddL 

Art. CXVII. The Particular Regulations relative to thentfi- 1 
gation of the Rliiuc, the Ncckar, the Maine, the Moselle, tke I 
Meuse, and the Scheldt^* such as they are annexed to the pnMt 
Act (No. 11), shall have the same force and validity as if t^f 
were textually inserted herein. 

Confirmation of Treaties and Particular Acts annexed to the Oeimi 

Treaty. 

Art. CXVIILf The Treaties, Conventions, Declarations, Begi« 
lations, and other particular Acts which are annexed to tiM 
present Act, viz. ; — 

1. The Treaty between Russia and Austria, relative toFohndt 
«fthe*J^,1815,No.l2; 

2. The Treaty between Russia and Prussia, relative to Poland 
of *e*^^, 1815, No. 13 s 

3. The Additional Treaty, relative to Cracow, between Auartli 
Prussia, and Russia, of the ^^^, 1815, No. 14 ; 

4. The Treaty between Prussia (Austria and Russia) uA 
Saxony of the 18th May, 1815, No. 16 ; 

5. The Declaration of the King of Saxony respecting the rights 
of the House of Schoenburg, of the 18th May, 1815, No. 17 ; 

6. The Treaty between Prussia and Hanover, of the 29th May, 
1815, No. 21 ; 

7. The Convention between Prussia and the Orand Duke of 
Saxe-Weimar, of the 1st June, 1815, No 24; 

8. The C!onvention between Prussia and the Duke and Prisoe 
of Nassau, of the 31st May, 1815, No. 23 ; 

9. The Act concerning the Federative Constitution of Gennaiiy, 
of the 8th June, 1815, No. 26 ; 

10. The Treaty between the King of the Netherlands, and 
Prussia, England, Austria, and Russia, of the Slst May, 1815, 
No. 22; 

11. The Declaration of the (8) Powers on the Affairs of tbe 
* The Scheldt Toll was redeemed bj the Treaties between Great Brilam 

and Belgium of 16th Julj and 8rd August, 1863. 

t See Treaties between Prussia and Schwartzburg-Sondenhaoien of 16th 
June, 1816, and between Prussia and Sohwartiburg-Budolstadt of 19th Jimt 
1816. 

272 



KS7.] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &i. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vi«nnA CongreM Treaty.] 

Uietic Confederation of the 20th March, No. ; and tlie Act of 
ifloaasion of the Diet of the 27th May, 1815, No. 20 ; 

12. The Protocd of the 29th March, 1815, on the Cessions 
Mdeby the King of Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva, No. 10 ; 

13. The Treaty between the King of Sardinia, Au^^tria, Enghind, 
JtiHia, Prossia, and France, of the 20th May, 1815, No. 19 ; 

14. The Act entitled '^ Conditions which are to nerve as the 
Bmi of the Union of the States of Genoa witli those of His Sar- 
fimu Majesty;" No. 19. 

15. The Declaration of the 8 Powers on the Abolition of the 
9m Trade, of the 8th Februaiy, 1815, No. 7 ; 

li The Begulations respecting the Free Navigation of Rivers, 

ir. The Regulation concerning the Pi-eccilcuce of Diplomatic 
^No.8; 

ShU be considered as integral parts of the Arrangements of the 
(^gress, and shall have, throughout, the same force and validity 
•if they were inserted^ word for word, in the General Treaty. 

'•Battw io Accede to the Oeneral Treaty addrettsed to the Fencer n 

assemlled in Congress. 
^ iir. CXIX. All the Powers assembled in Congress, as well as 
fts Knees and Free Towns, who have concurred in the arrange- 
•ota specified, and in the Acts confirmed, in this General Treaty, 
■BiHTited to accede to it. 

^^ftnoHons as to the use of Hie French Language in the drawing 

up of this Act, 
Ait. CXX. Tlie French Language having been exclusively 
•pkyed in all the copies of the present Treaty', it is declared, by 
fc Powers who have concurred in this Act, that the use made of 
h Language shall not be con8truo4 into a Precedent for the 
*^; every Power, therefore, reserves to itself the adoption in 
'"hueNegociations and Conventions, of tlie Language it lias hereto- 
^ employed in its diplomatic relations; and this Treaty shall 
**be cited as a Precedent contrarj- to the establislied practice. 



ition of the Trr 'l}j tind Deposition of the Original in the 
Archives of the Court and State of Vienna, 

Art. CXXI. The iiresent Treaty shall be ratified, and the 
"■tifications exchanged in six months, and by the Court of Por- 
^8*1 in a year, or s^x»ner, if possible. 

273 T 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [Mo. » 

[Vienna OonvreM Treaty.] 

A copy of this GeueitU Treaty ehall be de()08itcd in UiB ^ 
Archives of the Court and State of His Imperial and Royal Apo8- ' 
tolic Majesty, at Vienua, in case any of the Courts of Europe 
shall think proper to consult the ori^nal text of this Instrument. 

In faith of wliich the i"esi)ective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
this Act, and have affixed thereunto the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Viemia, the 0th of June, in the year of Our Loi-d, 1815. 

(The Signatures follow in the Alphabetical Order of the Courtai) 

Austria, 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 
(L.S.) LE BARON DE WESSENBERG. 

(Espagxe)* Spain. 

France, 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 

(L.S.) LE DUKE D'ALBERG. 

(L.S.) LE COMTE ALEXIS DE N0AILLE3. 

Gbeat Bbitain, 

(L.S.) CLAXCARTY. 
(L.S.) CATIICART. 
(L.S.) STEWART, L. G. 

Portugal, 

fL.S.) LE COMTE DE PALMELLA. 

(L.S.) ANTONIO DE SALDANHA DA GAMA. 

(L.S.) D. JOAQUIM LOBO DA SILVEIRA. 

Prussia, 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) LE BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 

Russia, 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE RASOUMOFFSKY. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE DE STACKBLBERG. 
(L.S.) LE COMTE DE NESSELRODE. 

Sweden, 
(L.S.) LE CO:\rTE CHARLES-AXEL DE LOWENHIELM. 

(Save and except tlie reseiTation made to the Articles 
CI, CI I, and CIV of the Treaty.f) 



*^ Spain did not sign this Treaty, but she acceded to it by an Act dated 
7t 1i Juuc, 1817. See ali*o Treaty betTrcen the 5 Powers and Bpain of lOtb June. 
1817. 

t See Protocol, 18th JunO; 1615. 

274 



MAP. 

EUROl'K 

in 

1815 



EUROPE. ACCORDING TO THE V 



^^^;^!r?==^ 




I * ^'***.^ '■•H^. fc,"*-*" 






W. &fr EOm 



Hfiuuiary rf th^ iirmtnnic Ctm^la^tUon *•♦-••— •*««••»«., 



SS TREATY. 9T' JUNK. lftJ5 




MAV. 

£Ur6pe 

in 

1815 



:} 



RO. 27] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna CongTMs Treaty.] 



ANNEXES TO THE VIENNA CONGRESS TREATY OF 

Otii JUNE, 1815. 
Act. No. 

I. Treaty. Mussia aud AnHria^ relating to 

Po'"'^ ^^i' 1815. 12 

H. Treaty. Btusia and Fritsiia^ relating to 

Poland ^ -, — , . _ « 

a May * ( 13 

— (Annex) Schedule 

m. Additional Treaty. Austria ^ Prutsioj and 

SussiOt relating to Cracatr ^ -. ' — , 14 

o jluy 

— (Annex) Gonititution of Free Town of Cracow 15 

IV. Tivoty (Territorial). Prussia (Austria and 

JRussia) and Sojronif 18 May, — 16 

V. Declaration of King of Saxottiff on Rights of 

House of Schottburg 18 May, 17 

-— Act of Acceptance of ditto by 5 Courts 29 May, 17 

TI. Treaty (Territorial). Prussia and JUanorer. . 29 May, 21 

yn. Conrention (Territorial). Prussia and the 

G^nd Duke of S&re-IFeimar 1 June, — 24 

YHI. CoDTention (Territorial). Prussia and the 

Duke aud Prince of Nassau 81 May, 23 

IX. Act, concerning the Federative Constitution of 

Germany 8 June, — - 26 

X. Treaty. Netherlands and Austria {Prussia^ 
Snglandf and Su^sia) relating to the King- 
dom of the AieMer/ancZj 81 May, 22 

<— (Annex) Act for the Accei>tanco c>f tlie Sotc- 
reignty of the Proyinccs of Jitlyium by tlie 

SoTercign Prince. The Hague, 21 July, 1814 4 

XIa. Declaration of the 8 Powers on the afihirs of 

the Helvetic Confederation 20 March, 9 

XIb. Act of Accession of the Su^iss Diet to the said 

Declaration 27 May, 20 

XH. Protocol of Conference (8 Powers) on the 
Cessions made by Sardinia to the Canton of 

Genera 29 March, 10 

XIII. Treaty (Territorial). Sardinia and Austria 

{England^ France^ Prussia^ and Susxia) .... 20 May, 19 

— (Annex) Cession made by Sardinia to the 

Canton of Geneva — . 19 

XIV. Act entitled " Conditions which are to servo as 
tlie Basis for the Union of the States of Genoa 

to those of his iSdnf I ntan Majesty" ••.... 19 

XV. Declaration of the 8 Powers on the Abolition 

Qii\i»8litt€ Trade ,.. 8 February, —^ 7 

275 t 2 



9 June, 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 27. 

[Ylexma OonffreH Treaty.] 

Act. No. 

XVI. Regulations for the Frco Navigation of 
Siven : — 

— Articles concerning the Navigation of Rivers 

■which, in their course of Navigation, sepa- 
rate or traverse different States March, 1815. H 

— Articles concerning the Navigation of the 

Mine March, U 

— Articles concerning the Navigation of the 

Neckar, the Main, the Moselle, the Meuse, 

and the Scheldt March, 11 

XVII. Regulation on the Bank and Precedence of 

Diplomatic Agenie 19 March, 8 



ACTS OF RATIFICATION of the General Treaty of 
Congress of Vienna^ of 9th Juney 1815.* 

Monoratidum, — The Acts of Ratif cation of the present Treaty of the 
Congress of Vienna and its Aiinexes^ by the Emperor of Austria^ 
the King of France^ the King of Great Britain^ the Prince 
Regent of Portugal^ the King of Prussia^ the Emperor of Russia^ 
and Hie King of Sweden^ were executed bt/ those Sovereigns re» 
ppectivelg^ in the following Form^ subject to the requisite varia- 
tions of TitlCy Country^ 4'C, 

George tiie Third, by the Grace of God, Kiug of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, 
King of Hanover, Duke of Branswick and Lunebnrg, &c, &Cj 
&a To all and singular to whom these presents shall come, 
greeting. 

Whereas the Powei's wlio signed the Treaty of Paris of the 
30th of May, 1814 (No. 1), met at Vienna conformably to Article 
XXXII of that instrument, together with the Princes and States, 
their Allies, in order to complete t\iQ measures which therein origi- 
nated: And whereas tliere was concluded and signed at Vienna, on 
the 9th June, this present year 1815 (No. 27), between His Britan- 
nic Majesty ; His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary 
and Bohemia ; His Majesty the King of France and Navarro ; His 
Royal Highness the Prince Begent of the Kingdoms of Portugal 
and The Brazils ; His Majesty the King of Prussia ; His Majesty 
tlie Emperor of all the Russias ; and His Majesty the King of 
Sweden and Norway ; one general and common Treaty, in Eight 
origiutd Acts, each of them word .for word the same, and through- 

• For French version, see ** State Papers," vol. xxii, p. 1029. 
27G 



No. 27] GEEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [9 June, 1815. 

[Vienna CongresB Treaty.] 

out couformable one to the other, of which 8 Acts one is in the 
possession of each of the 7 signing Powers, and the 8th is 
deposited, in execution of Article CXXI of the said Instrument, 
among the Public Archives at Vienna, to serve as a document 
common as well to the parties who signed the same, as above 
mentioned, as to the otlier Powers and States acceding thereto : 
And whereas the said General Treaty received on the 9th June, 
1815, amongst other signatm-es, those of His Biitannic Majesty's 
Plenipotentiaries, and those of the Plenipotentiaries of His Impe- 
rial and Royal Apostolic Majesty. 

We, having read and examined, as well the General Treaty 
of the 9th June, 1815, as the Treaties, Conventions, Declarations, 
Begulations, and other Instruments, recited in Article CXVIII 
thereof, and making part of the same, all of which are to be re- 
garded as if they were here inserted, woi-d for word, have found 
them altogether conformable to our will and pleasure ; in conse- 
quence whereof, we have approved, confirmed, and ratified them, 
as by these presents we approve, confirm, and ratify them ; pro- 
mising, as well for His Majesty, as for his heirs and successors, 
faithfully to fulfil what is therein contained. 

In faith whereof We have signed and caused to be aflbced the 
Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 
to these Acts of Ratification, in seven corresponding Instruments, 
one of which shall be annexed to the original copy of the Treaty, 
deposited as above, in the Imperial Archives at Vienna, to serve 
as a Docmnent to all ; and the 6 others shall be exchanged with 
the 6 Signing Powers, and this present Instrument shall be 
exchanged against the Act of Ratification of His Imperial and 
Royal Apostolic Majesty. 

Done in Duplicate, in order that one copy of the Ratification 
of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty may be deposited 
in the Public Archives of Vienna, together with the General 
Treaty, and the other in the Office of His Majesty's Principal 
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. 

Given at the Palace of Cariton House, the day of 
in the year of Our Lord, 1815, and in the 56th year of His 
Majesty's reign. 

In the name and on the behalf of His Majesty. 

GEORGE, P.R. 



10 June, 1816,] austru, pbussia, &c. [Ho, 38 

[Westphalia, dsc] 

No. 2B.~TERRIT0RIAL CONVENTION between Atu^ 
tria^ Prussia, and Ilesse'Darmstadt, Signed at Vienna^ 
lOth June, 1815.* 

Abt. Table. 

Preamble. 
!• Cession of Duohy of Westphalia to Prufsia, 

2. Ceraion of Territory on Left Bank of the Mine to Grand Duko of 

Hesso. 

3. Salt-Works of Kreitznach to belong to the Grand Duke. 

4. Delivery of Territories to Prussia and Hesse-Darm^tadf, 
6. Bevenues of Ceded Territories. 

6. Civil Officers and Pensioners of the Duchy of Westphalia, 

7. Debts and Pensions to be paid by the Duchy of Westphalia, 

8. Debts and Burthens of Territories on Left Bank of the Rhine trantfeiifid 

to States on the Bight Bank. 

9. Troops in Westphalia to regiaiu attached to Hessian Anx^ for OiM 

Year. Liberty to Officers to enter Prussian Service. 

10. Title of Prince of Worms, 

11. Guarantee of States to Grand Duke of Hesse, 
13. Batifications. 

Separate and Secret Article. 
Beitoration of Possessions, &c.) to Prince of Sesse-Honthurfj, 

(Translation.t) 
In the Name of the Most Iloly and Indivisible Tiiuity. 

Their Majesties the Em|)eror of Austria and the Kiog* of 
Prussia on the one part, aiid His Royal Highness the Grand Duke 
of Hesse on the otlier jmrt, wishing to regulate eveiything" relating 
to the Cession of the Duchy of Westphalia to His Prussian 
Majesty, and to the Indemnity to Ix) fixed for the said CessioD, 
have named for that purpose, namely : 

His Imi)erial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, the Sieur Clement 
Wenceslas-Lothair Prince of Mettemicli- Winneborg-Ochsenhauaen, 
Curator of the Academy of Fine Arts, Chamlx?rlain, Actual Inti- 
mate Councillor of His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of 
Hungary and Bohemia, his Muiister of State, of Conferences and 
Foreign Affairs, his Fii-st Plenipotentiaiy to the Congress, Ac. ; 

His Majesty the King of Pmssia, the Prince of Ilardenberg", 
his Chancellor of State, and Fii-st Plenipotentiary to the Congress 
of Vienna, Ac. ; 

• See also Treaty of 20th July, 1819, Art. xvii. 
t For French version see " Slate Papers," vol. ii, p. 831. 
278 



Ho. 28J AI'SIRU, PRUSSU, S.C. [10 Jiine, 1816. 

[Westphalia, Ac] 

And His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, the Sieur 
Jean Baron de Turkheim of Altdor£f, his Minister of State, and 
Envoy Extraordinary to the Congress, &c. ; 

Who, after having exchanged their Fiill Powers, found to bo 
in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles :— 

Cession of Duchy of WeHphalta to Prussia, 

Akt, I. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hrsse redes 
the Duchy of Westphalia to His Majesty the Knig of Pmssia, to 
be possessed by him, his heirs and successors, in full right and 
Sovereignty, 

Cession of Territorif on Left Ban!: of the Rhine to Grand Duke of 

Hesse. 

Abt. II. His Royal Highness shall receive, in exchange for 
the Cession mentioned in the preceding Article, a Territory on the 
left bank of the Rhine, containing a population of 140,000 souls, 
to be likewise possessed by him, his hell's and successors, in full 
rig^ht and Sovereignty. This Territory shall be in perfect con- 
ti^ty, and shall contain the towns of Woims, Frankenthal, and 
Oppenheim. Commissioners shall be appointetl ^vithout delay, on 
the part of His Majesty the Emperor of Austria and of His Royal 
Highness, to settle the valuation and the Limits of the said Terri- 
toiy, and to regulate everything bearing upon the execution of the 
present Article. 

Salt-Works of Kreuznach to htlony to the Grand Duke of Hesse. 

Abt. III. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke shall also have 
the Ml and free property and enjoyment of the Salt- Works of 
Kieuznach, situated on the left bank of the Nahe. The working 
and exportation of the produce of the said Salt- Works shall be 
free of all duty and dues whatsoever. 

Delicen/ of Territories to Prussia and Hesse-Darinstadt. 

Art. IV. The Duchy of Westphalia, such as it has been lately 
poesessed, shall be delivered to the Authorities a[>poiutcHl for that 
purpose by His Majesty the King of Prussia, on tlie 15th July ; 
and His Royal Highness shall at the same time be put in pos- 
session of the Ten-itories and Works mentioned in Articles II 
and III. 

27^ 



"No. 28 



-— t!ie 
: : lU, 



.-.-'-."*r .•: all 



"T-i :-r its 

-^•■■r: that 
- Prince of 



•_■ ' •. • - :.. ''ii.u .•:-:?. >*--..! ji.^ from 

.-- -.-.-. _■•=*;•:•:•• II -J.'. — . ..L I : ivirii;- 

' - .■ .- .. . -T -• --^--M-- : -:.i:T- L :Lv :;^ht 

_ .- : 1- : '-".••*• *.»:r:Leii> shall U- jLir.-v.*:!..' nn 

-.- -r^ i: :li»^ :.:.r*rnt ••t His Rnynl il .::.>:-5< the 

:• .- LcTrrhtr!--- r».M;.,r(If J that Art:..:- XX V] I ...f 

: ? .:> ;* o'.tli May, 18U (No. 1). n.Iat^v. r.., the 

; Niti-iifil D-iiiiaais, ^jliall have its full tiTw: in iL« 



]\\ifhh'iim to rt.itdin att'tded to Ilmian Arhi// j\r fKtf 

L"'"ri" f' Oman Vj enter Prv.SifHin Strike, 
- -... :• .,> :r.-,^rL ir^jm the Duchy of West]»halia 

^. ^^. . . . : • . ;. .: :51c?, juil 12! h Marc-li, 1817. 



\ 



Ho. 28] AUSTRIA. PRUSSIA, &c. [10 June, 1815. 

[WestphaUa, dtc] 

ahall remaiii attache<l to the anny of Ili.s Royal IIi|^hi)e88 the 
Chmnd Duke for the sjiace f)f one year. The oflBi-crs who shall 
not widh to remain in the ^^'moo of Hesse shall i)asH over to the 
■ervioe of Kia Majesty the King of Pnissiii, retaining their rank. 

Titf^ of Prince *tf Wonnj*, 
Abt. X. Uis Royal Highness the Grand Diiku of Hesse uhall 
take the Title of IMnce of \V(.)nn8. 

Guarantee of States to Grand Duke ofllesse. 

Art. XI. His Imix^rial and Royal A]Kj8tolic Majesty and His 
Ibjesty the King of Prussia Guarantee to His Royal Highness 
the Grand Duke of Hesse, the Sovereignty and Independence of 
Ids States, and promise to obtain the same Guarantee from the 
CScmrt of Russia. The arrangements which may still remain to be 
made, in conformity with the Treaty of Frankfort of 23rd Novem- 
ber, 1813,* shall be made by common consent. This reser\'o is 
specially api^cable to the Bailiwicks of Ilanau. 

Ratifications. 

Abt. XII. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications thereof shall be exchanged within the space of 30 
days. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and have aflSxed thereunto the Seal of their Anus. 

Done at Vienna, the 10th of June, in the year of Our Lord, 

1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) I^ BARON DE TURCKUEIM. 



Separate and Secret Article. 
Restoration of Possessions^ <J'C., to Prince of Hesse- Homhurg. 

BUs Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse engages to reui- 
state the Prince of Uesse-Uomburgf in his Possessions, Revenues, 
Rights, and Political Relations, of which he was deprived by the 
Confederation of the Rhine. 

The present Article, Seixirato and Secret, shall have the same 

* See Appendix. t See Note, ])tge 241. 

281 



10 June, 1816.] austru, Prussia, \i . [No. 28 

[Westphalia, Ac,} 

No. 2B.~rERRIToRTAL COXVEXTIOX between Au^ 
tri(f, Prussia, and Ife^se- Darmstadt, Simted at Menno^ 
lOth June, 1815 * 

Abt. Tabll'. 

Preamble. 

1. Cession of Duch^ of Wtstphalin to Pruf*ia. 

2. Cemm of Terntorr on Left Bank of the BMne to Grand Duko of 

Heue. 

3. Salt -Works of Kreuznach to belong to the Grand Duke. 

4. Delirerj of Territories io Vruaia and Ileise-Damittadt, 
6. RerenueB of Ceded Territories. 

6. Civil Officers and Pensioners of the Duchi/ of WesfphfiHa. 

7. Dcbta and Pensions to be paid by the Duchti of Wt.^ipkalia. 

8. Debtt and Burthens of Territories on Left Bank of the Rhine transferred 

to States on the Right Bank. 

9. Troops in JTettphaUa to rc^iu attached to Hessian Xnaj for Ouo 

Year. Liberty to Officers to enter Prussian Service. 

10. Title of Prince of Worms. 

11. Guarantee of Statei to Grand Dvke ofHea^*, 
13. Batificatiouf. 

S'/Htitite and Sicrti Article. 
BeitonUion of PosaeMions, &c., to Prince of Hetse-HotnhHra, 

(Traiislatioii.t) 
In the Name of the M(>st Holy and Indivisible Tiinity. 

Their Majesties the Emix-ror of Anstiia and the Kin^ of 
Pnis-sia on the one part, and His Royal Ilijrlino.ss the Grand Duke 
of Hesse on the other part, wishing to it>giilateeven'thing ix'lating 
to the Cessinn of tlie Dm.hy of Westphalia to His Prussian 
Majesty, and to the Indemnity to Ix? fixed for the said Cession. 
have named for that puqx>se, namt ly : 

His Imperial and Royal Apostolic ^[ajesty, the Sieur Clement 
Wenoeslas-Lothair Prince of Metteniicli- Winnelxjrg-Oclisenhausi'n, 
Curator of the Academy of Fine Arts, Cliamberlain, Actual Inti- 
mate Councillor of His Majesty the Empen»r of Austria, Kinp^ of 
Hungary and Bohemia, his Minister of State, of Conferences and 
Forei^ Affairs, his First PlenijKitentiaiy to the Congress, &l\ ; 

His Majesty the King of Piiissia, the Prince of TIanlcnl)erg, 
his Chancellor of State, and First PIeni[K)tontian- to the Congrx^ss 
of Vienna, Ac. ; 

• See also Treaty of 20th July, 1819, Art. xvii. 
t For French version sec " State Papers," toI. ii, p. 531. 
27>J 



No. 28J AUSTRIA, PRUSSU, &c. [10 June, 1816. 

[Westphalia, Ac] 

And His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, the Sieur 
Jean Baron de Turkheim of Altdorff, his Minister of State, and 
Envoy Exti'aordinary to the Congress, &c. ; 

Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, found to be 
in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles :— 

Cession of Duchy of Westphalia to Prussia. 

wi\jtT. I. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse cedes 
the Duchy of Westphalia to His Majesty the Khig of Prussia, to 
be possessed by him, his heirs and successors, in full right and 
Sovereignty, 

Cession of Territory on Left Bank of the Rhine to Grand Duke of 

Hesse. 

Art. II. His Royal Highness shall receive, in exchange for 
the Cession mentioned in the preceding Article, a Territory on the 
left bank of the Rhine, containing a population of 140,000 souls, 
to be likewise possessed by him, his heu^ and successors, in full 
right and Sovereignty. This Territory shall be in perfect con- 
tiguity, and shall contain the towns of Worms, Frankenthal, and 
Oppenheim. Commissioners shall be appointed without delay, on 
the part of His Majesty the Emix)ror of Austria and of His Royal 
Highness, to settle the valuation and the Limits of the said Terri- 
tory, and to regulate everything bearing upon the execution of the 
present Article. 

Salt-Works of Kreuznach to belong to the Grand Duke of Hesse. 

Abt. III. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke shall also have 
the full and free property and enjoyment of the Salt-Works of 
Kreuznach, situated on the left bank of the Nahe. The working 
and exportation of the produce of the said Salt-Works shall be 
free of all duty and dues whatsoever. 

Delivery of Territories to Prussia and Hesse-Darmstadt. 

Art. IV. The Duchy of Westphalia, such as it has been lately 
ix)ssessed, shall be delivered to the Authorities appointed for that 
purpose by HLs Majesty the King of, Prussia, on the 15th July ; 
and His Royal Highness shall at the same time be put in pos- 
session of the Territories and Works mentioned in Articles II 
and III. 

279 



10 June, 1816 J AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, &c. [No. 28 

[Westphalia, Sbc] 

Revenues of Ceded Territories. 
Art. V. The Revenues of the Duchy of Westphalia up to the 
15th July, are explicitly resented to His Royal Highness the 
Grand Duke of Hesse, and His Majesty the King of Prussia 
undertakes that the ari-ears shall be paid before the end of the 
pix\seiit year. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse 
shall enjoy all the Revenues of the country and of the works men- 
tioned in Articles II and III, from the 15th July. 

Civil Officers and Pensioners of the Duchy of Westphalia, 

Art. VI. His Majesty the King of Prussia takes charge of all 
Civil OflBcers employed in the administration of the Duchy of West- 
phalia, as well those in actual serv-ice as those enjoying Pensions. 

Debts and Pensions to he paid by the Duchy of Westphalia. 

Art. VII. The Debts devolvmg on the Duchy of Westphalia, 
arising from the Electorate of Cologne, or contracted for its 
internal administration, remain chargeable on the said Duchy. 
The same applies to Pensions and biurdens imposed upon that 
country by the Reck of the Empire of 1803,* namely, the revenue 
of 15,000 florins settled upon the Duchy in favour of the Prince of 
Wittgenstein-Berleburg.f 

Debts and Burthens of Teiritories on Left Bank of the Rhine trans' 
ferred to States on the Right Bank. 
Art. VIII. The Territories on the left bank of the Rhine having 
been freed by fonner Treaties from all feudal dues, as well as from 
debts formerly hypothecated or imposed upon them, and having 
thrown those burthens upon the possessors of States on the right 
bank of the Rhine, who at the time received Indemnities for them, 
it is agreed that none of those burthens shall be chargeable on 
those countries without the consent of His Royal Highness the 
Grand Duke. It is nevertheless recorded that Article XXVII of 
the Treaty of Paris of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), relative to the 
possessors of National DomaiiLS, shall have its full effect in the 
said countries. 

Troops in Westphalia to remain attached to Hessian Army for One 
Year. Liberty to Officers to enter Prussian SeiTice. 
Art. IX. The troops drawn from the Duchy of Westphalia 

^ See Appendix. 

t See Treaties of 30th Juno, 1816, and 12tli March, 1817. 
280 



No. 28] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, &c. [10 June, 1815. 

[Westphalia, dEc] 

shall i-emain attached to the amiy of Ilis Royal Ili^hness the 
Grand Duke for the space of one year. The oflScers who shall 
not wish to remain in the service of Hesse shall pass over to the 
service of Ilia Majesty the King of Prussia, retaimng thou" rank. 

Title of Prince of Worms. 
Art. X. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse shall 
take the Title of Prmce of Wonns. 

Guaj'antee of States to Grand Duke of Hesse. 

Art. XI. His Imjierial and Royal Apostolic Majesty and His 
Majesty the King of Prussia Guarantee to His Royal Highness 
the Grand Duke of Hesse, the Sovereignty and Independence of 
his States, and promise to obtain the same Guarantee from the 
Court of Russia. The arrangements which may still remain to be 
made, in conformity with the Treaty of Frankfort of 23rd Novem- 
ber, 1813,* shall be made by common consent. This reserve Ib 
specially applicable to the Bailiwicks of Hanau. 

Batificaiions. 

Art. XII. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications thereof shall be exchanged within the space of 30 
days. 

In faith of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and have aflSxed thei^unto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the 10th of June, in the year of Our Lord, 

1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBER6. 

(L.S.) LE BARON DE TURCKHEIM. 



Separate and Secret Ai-ticle. 
Restoration of Possessions^ ^c, to Prince of Ilesse-Homburg, 

His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse engages to rein- 
state the Prince of Hesse-Homburgf in his Possessions, Revenues, 
Rights, and Political Relations, of which he was deprived by the 
Confederation of the Rlnne. 

The present Article, Separate and Secret, shall have the same 

• See Appeudiz. f See Note, ptge 241. 

281 



10 June, 1815.] austku, peu&su, ac [Mo. 28 

[Westphalia, dso.] 

force and value as if it were insei-tcd word for woi-d in the Con- 
vention of this day. It shall lo ratified, and the BatificatiosB 
thereof shall bo exchanged at the same time. 

In faith of which the respective PlenipotenliarieB have signed 
it, and have affixed thereunto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Vienna, the 10th of June, in tlie year of Our Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE METTERNICH. 

(L.S.) LE PRINCE DE HARDENBERG. 

(L.S.) LE BARON DE TURCKHEIM, 



282 



Ho. 28] GRKAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, &c, [18 Jane, 1815. 

[OoBcroM of Vianna. Protests of the Pope.] 

No. 29.-^PR0T0C0L of Coufepence between the Plenipo- 
ientiaries of the 8 Courts, recordinfj the Protesta of the 
Pope affainst certain Clauses of the Treaties of 1814 and 
X815. Vienna, Hth June, 1815. 

Table. 
Fiotett of tbe Pope against Act of Congresi of Vicuna prt'judicial to tho 

Big^ta of the Church. 
Pmteft of the Pope against Resolutions of Congress prejuclicial to Temporal 
Intereets of the Holy See. 

(Translation.*) 

The 121 Articles marked at tho last sitting, and which, 
together with the Annexes therein referred to, fonn tho Final Act 
off the Congress, having lKX?n collected and drawn up in General 
Tieaty of 9th June (Ho. 27), tho Plenij)otentiaries assembled to 
finish and enter in the Protocol certain pjints preliminary to tho 
ngnatare of the said General Treaty. 

Art. I. Tliey took into considei-atiou the two Acts of Protest 
sent in on the 12th June by His Eminence Cardinal Consalvi, 
nL» Iloliiiess's Secretary of State and his Plenipotentiary at the 
GongresB of Vienna. 

Protest of the Pope against Act of Cuiifjiiss of Vie it mi fh (judicial 
to the Rvjhts of the Church, 

By the First of theso Acts the Cardinal jn-otests, in the name 
of His Holiness, against the Resohirions which have been main- 
tained or passed by the Congress of Vienna (No. 27), and ai"e 
prejudicial to the interests of the Catholic Religion, and contrary 
to the rights of the Church. 

Protest of the Pope against Resulutivns of Congress pr(judicial to 
Ttmporal Interests of the Ilohj See. 

'By tho Second Act the Cardinal i)i"esents a Protest against 
what i.s contained in the Treaty of Paris (No. 1), as well a,s in tlu^ 
Ketiolutions of the Congress (No. 27), pix*judicial to the temporal 
iuterest^ of the Holy See. 

The Plenipotentiaries declare that these two Acts of Pn^test 
.shall remain depo.sited in the Aix-hives of the Congress, and bo 
appended to the present Protocol. 

Akt. II. Count Lowenliielm, PleniiK)tentlary of His Majesty 

• For French yersion, see " State Papers," vol. ii, p. 760). 
283 



1814-1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRU, &c. [No. 30 

[Protocols. ConsresB of Vienna.] 



No. 90.— PROTOCOLS of Conferences hetxceen the Plenipo- 
fenflarlcs of the Sicinatary Courts to the Treaty of Peace 
icith Fi-ance of 3i)th May^ 1814. Vienna^ 22nd Septem- 
her, 18U— 19</i June, 1815. 



«' State Paferf," 

TOl. 11. 

No. 1814. Page 

— Protocol. 4 Courts (Austria, Great Britain, Pmsaia, 

■ Hussia). Forms and Course of tho Deliberations . 22 September 554 

— Project of tlie Plenipotentiaries of tlie •! Courts. 

Forms aad Course of tlie Deliberations 22 September 55G 

— Project of tlio DecLiration of the 4 Courts. Course 

of the Deliberations 30 September 557 

— Tlie Plenipotentiary of France to the Plenipotentiary 

of Oreat Britain. Course of the Deliberations ... 1 October . 559 

— Project (Britinh) of Declaration of tho 4 Courts. 

Course of the Deliberations 2 October . 560 

— The Plenipotentiary of France to the British Pleni- 

potentiaiy. Course of the Deliberations 5 October . 561 

— Declaration of the Plenipotentiaries of the 8 Courts. 

Opening of the Congress 8 October . 5G3 

— Protocol. 8 Courts {AMtria, Spain, France, Great 

Britain^ Forttujal, Prussia, Bussia, Siceden). Rank 
and Precedence of the Plonii)otentiaries. Presi- 
bidency at the Seances. Full Powers. Distribution 
of Work 30 October . 563 

— Projwsitions of the Plonipotentiar)' of France, Dis- 

tribution of Work 563 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Verification of the Powers, &o. 31 October . 566 

— Declaration of the Plenipotentiaries of the 8 Courts. 

Verification of the Powers, &c 1 November 567 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Sardinia and Genoa. General 

Affairs of Itah/ 13 Xorember 670 

— Tho Conference to tlie rionipotcnliar}- of Sardinia. 

Genoa 17 November 571 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Genoa and Piedmont. The 

Infanta ^rnria Louise and Tt'-trani/ December 573 

— Pmtocol. 8 Courts. Genoa and Piedmont. Lnperinl 

Fiefs, Tuscany. Navipation of ilie 7?/«v/jf. Store 

Trade, Rank of Crowned Ilea '1- 10 December 576 

— Tho Conforonfe to tho PlcniiK>tentiiin* of Surdiuin. 

Genoa , , 15 December 576 

— Propositions of the Plenipotentiary of France, Bircrs, 

Slaye Trade. Rank 1 576 

286 



Mo. 30] GREAT BEIXAIN, AUSTRU, &c. [1814-1815. 

CProtocoU. Oonrress of Vienna.] 

'• Stale Papers," 
vol. ii. 
Ko. 1«14. PttKo 

^ Protocol. 8 Coiirta. G^iuhJ aii<l riedmont 12 December 577 

*- Protocol. 8 Courts. Otnoa and Piedmont, Xuvi- 

gat ion of Eirert.* Slave Trade li December 577 

1. Protocol. 4 Courts. Territorial Arrangomeuts. 

Sajvm^ and Pvland 29 December 579 

^ The Pleuipotcntiar}' of Autlnaio the Fleuipoteutiarj 

of Bussia. Saxony ami Poland 26 December 580 

^ The Plenipotentiary of SuJiiia to tlio Ploiiipotcutiarj 

of A.wrtria, Saxo»if and Poland 27 December 581 

.. The Plcnipot^ntian- o£ Austria to the rioniix>teutiary 

of Bussia. Saxontf and Poland 27 December 581 

^ The Plenipotentiary of Rustia to the rionipotcntiar}' 

of ^luttria. Saxony and Poland 27 December 582 

^ The Plenipotentiary of Austria to the rieiiipotcntiarr 

of Prussia. Saxon jf and Poland 28 December 583 

— The Plenipotentiary of Prussia \o the Plenipotenliar}- 
of Austria, Saxony and Poland 29 December 5S3 

f. Protocol. 4 Courts. Saxony, Poland, Mayence, 

Germanic Confederation 30 December 588 

— Memoir and Project of the Agreement of tlie Pleni- 
potentiaries of Russia 30 December 589 

1815. 
S. Protocol. 4 Courts. Saxony, Poland, Maycnce .... 3 January . 503 
i^ Counter Project of Convention of tlio Plenipotentiary 

of Austria. Saxony, Poland, Mayenrc 60 1 

4. Pxotocol. 4 Courts. Saxony, Poland, Mnyence. (Com- 
mission de Kedactioii) 7 Januar}- . uOG 

5. Protocol. Saxony and Poland. Prussia 9 January . 597 

Obi^rvations of the Plenipotentiary of Russia on the 

Austrian Counter Pnjject. Poland 590 

Memorandimi of tlie British Plenipotentiary. Saxony. 

JPoland, Prussia (501 

1 , Protocol. 5 Courts. {Austria ^ France, Great Britain, 

.Prusiui, Russia.) Reconstruction of Pnufsia .... 12 January . 602 

^^ A Prussian Plan. Reconstruction of Prussia 602 

..^ Protocol. 8 Courts. Rank of the Sovereigns, and 
Precedence of their Representatives. Port of 

Antwerp. Slave Trade 16 January . OO^i 

2^ Protocol. 4 Courts. Reconstnic-tion of Pnissln. 

'Extension of Holland 28 January . GOi 

.— C. AuBtrian Memoir in reply to the Prussian Plan . . 28 January- . OOG 

_ C. Aurtrian Schedule of Losses and Compensations 612 

. D. Memoir of the Plenipotentiary of Great Britain. 

Holland 613 

* The Regulation was presented, and appi-oved by the Conference on 
tlM 29th March, 1815. 

287 



1814-1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No.aO 

[Protocols. OonffroM of Viena*.] 

« State P^poi^* 
ToL ii. 

No. 1816. Bifi 

8. Protocol. 6 Conrt«. Reoonstraction of JPnuM • . . • 8 FebroBiy 014 
— - E. Prussian Memoir in reply to the Austrian Coanter 

Project. Reconstruction of Prussia 8 Febnuirj 811 

— Protocol. 8 Courts. Precedence of Diplomatio 

Agents. SwHzerlimd 9 Febmarj ( 

4. ProtocoL 6 Courts. Reoonstruction of Pruttia. 
Poland. Saxony, Netherlands, Constitution of 
Chrman^, Fortresses. Saxe Weimar, Sehdnburg 10 Februarf ( 

— F. Austrian Declaration of Adhesion to the Prussiaii 

Project • • • fli 

— G-. Official Report of Commission de Redaction. 

Austrian Declaration of Adhesion to the Pmsaian 

Project i 

6. Protocol. 6 Courts. Duchy of Warsaw, Saxony, 
Cessions Guaranteed. NaTigation of the JSlbe. 
Sehwarisbourg, LusaUa, Saxe Weimar, jSicmover, ^ 

Fortresses of Luxemhury, &c 11 Febmaiy W ' 

— H. Declaration of the British Plenipotentiaries. i 

Guarantee 6B j 

— - I. Declaration of the 5 Courts. Title of Grand Doko 1 

oi Saxe-Weimar fll ^ 

— E. British Declaration. Hanover and Prussia, For- 

tresses of Xvxtfm^i:^, ifayMe^, Ac ,,,. M 

6. Protocol. 6 Courts. Prussian Possessions. Posses- 

sions of N(us€tU'Dietz. Westphalia, Nassau, JF\tlda, 
The Netherlands, Constitution of Germany. For- 
tresses of the Germanic League, Saxe-Weimar. 
SchCnhury 12 Febmaiy 617 

7. ProtocoL 5 Courts. Bingen, Houses of Nassam 

and Saxony. Titles of the King of Prussia. 
Hanover and Prussia. Chapter of St, Peter of 
N&rten. Meppen. Hheina-Wolbech. Bentheim, 
Prussia and Brunswick. Oldenburg. Guarantee 
of Concessions. Neustadt 18 Febmaiy 688 

— L. The Plenipotentiaries of Prussia to the Confer- 

ence. Neustadt 18 Fobmaiy 640 

8. Protocol. 5 Courts. Poland, Bentheim. Bouillon 21 Februaiy 640 

— M. The Plenipotentiary of Great Britain to the Con- 

ference. Poland 12 Januaiy . 642 

— N. The Plenipotentiaries of Russia to the Conference. 

Poland 19January. 644 

•— O. The Plenipotentiaries of Austria to the Conference. 

Poland 21 Februaiy 645 

8. P. The Plenipotentiary of Prussia to the British 

Plenipotentiary. Poland 80 January . 647 

— Q. Tlie Plenipotentiary of Hanover to the Plenipoten- 

tiary of Prussia. Hanover nnd Bentheim . . 16 and 18 Febmaiy 648 
288 



Mo. 303 GSEAT BRITAIN, AUSTBIA, &c. [1814-1815. 

(Protoools. Ckmsrem of Vienna.] 

" Stat« rapcM," 
Tol. ii. 

Kow 1815. Fai^ 

9. Protocol. 6 Courts. Saxony, Bouillon, (Com- 

miMion de Bedaction) G March. . . G^O 

— "R. Note of the Flenipotentiarios of Austria and of 

JPruMtia. Saxonj/ and Prussia, Seustadt G March. . . G51 

10. ProtoooL 6 Courts. Saxony 7 March. .. G52 

-^ S. Cozmnunication to the King of Saxony, Saxony 

nxkd Prussia 7 March... G52 

11. Protocol 6 Courts. Saxony and Prussia 12 March. . . 658 

— T. The Minister of Saxony to the Plenipotentiaries of 

^Austria, France, and Great JBrilain. Saxony and 

JPrussia 11 March. . . GGl 

— U. The Plenipotentiaries of the 3 Courts to the 

Minister of Saxony. Saxony and Prussia 11 March. . . GG2 

-— > ProtocoL 8 Courte. Escape of Bonaparte, (Com- 

miBBion de Bedaction.) Switzerland 12 ^larch. . . GG3 

— ProtocoL 8 Courts. Escape of Bonaparte 13 Mart'li. . . Q&l 

— I>eclaration. 8 Courts. Escape of Bonaparte .... 13 March. . . GG5 
12. Protocol. 5 Courts. Switzerland, Bazuns, Valte- 

line^ Bomuo and Chiavenna, Maria Louisa of 

l^ain ISMarch... 667 

— "V. Protocol of the Swiss Committee. Maria Louisa 

of ^^141 ISMarch... 667 

— W. The Conference to the French Plenipotentiary. 

Maria Louisa of Spain 18 March. . . GGS 

-» ProtocoL 8 Courts. Switzerland. Bonaparte, Mili- 
tary Councils. Precedence 19 March. . . G68 

— • Declaration. Affairs of the Helvetic Confederation 20 Marcli. . , 069 

— Begulation. Bank of Diplomatic Agents 19 March. . . G70 

13. ProtocoL 5 Courts. Titles of the King of the Nether- 

lands, Nassau. Luxemburg 23 March... G70 

14. ProtocoL 4 Courts. Alliance against Bonaparte, r 
Subsidies 25 Marcli. . . G71 

— X. Treaty of Alliance between the 4 Courts' Subsidies 25 MarcIi. . . G72 
— - Y. Additional and Separate Article. British Con- 
tingent 25 March. .. G72 

'— Z. The Plenipotentiaries of tlie 3 Courts to tlio 

British Plenipotentiary. Subsidies 672 

^ ProtocoL 6 Courts. Switzerland 26 March. . . 673 

"" Ai. The StffiSf Deputies to the Conference 24 Marcli. . . 673 

^^ ProtoooL 6 Courts. Alliance against Bonaparte . . 27 March. . . 674 
~~ BB. The Plenipotentiaries of the 4 Courts to the 
Plenipotentiary of France, Adhesion of France to 

the Treaty of Alliance 27 March... 674 

^'' Protocol. 5 Courts. Satoy and Geneva, Accessions to 

the Treaty of Alliance against Bonaparte, Saxony 28 March. . . 675 
^ CC. The Henipotentiaiy of Sardinia to the Confer- 

ince. Sopoy and Chneca 26 March. . . 677 

289 V 



18 June, 1815.1 OREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [» 

[Protoools. Oongress of ▼ienna.] 

*' State Pa 
ToL i 

No. 1815. 

— DD. The Plenipotcntiaiy of France to the Conference. 

Acoosaion to the Treaty of Alliance against Bona- 
parte 27 Much. . 

— EE. The Conference to the Plenipotentiaries of 

Bavaria^ Denmark^ Hanover^ Netherlandt. Bar- 
dinia^ Wurtemberg, &o. Accession to the Treaty of 
Alliance against Bonaparte 29 March. . 

— FF. The Plenipotentiaries of Amstria and of Pnuaia 

to the Plenipotentiaries of the SoreToign Princea 
and Free Cities of Germany. Accession to the 
Treaty of Alliance against Bonaparte 29 March. . 

18. Protocol. 5 Courts. Saxony and Prussia, AcoessionB 

to the Treaty of Alliance. Diplomatic Corps in 

Paris 31 Mareh. • 

— GQ. The Plenipotentiaries of the 6 Courts to the 

Minister of Saxony. Adhesion of SiUFony 81 Mareh. . 

— HH. Formulary of Treaty of Accession to the Treaty 

of Alliance against Bonaparte 

— JJ. The Plenipotentiary of Wurtemberg to the Con- 

ference. Diplomatic Corps in Paris 80 March. • 

19. ProtocoL 5 Courts. Saxony and Prussia. Alliance 

against Bonaparte. Military Arrangements 1 April. . . 

20. Protocol. 5 Courts. Warsaw. Bavaria. Haynau. 

Mayence and Darmstadt. Road from Frankfort to 

Leipsic 3 April. . . 

21. Protocol. 5 Courts. Austria and Bavaria 4 April. . . 

— £K. Austrian Schedule of Cessions, &c 

22. Protocol. 5 Courts. Austria and Bavaria 6 April. . . 

— LL. The Plenipotentiary of Bavaria to the Confer- 

ence. Austria and Bavaria 5 April. • • 

23. Protocol. 5 Courts. Saxony and Prussia. Warsaw 7 April. , , 

— MM. The Plenipotentiary of Saxony to the Confer- 

ence. Adhesion of Saxony. Warsaw, Schdnhury C April. . . 

24. Protocol. 5 Courts. Austria and Bavaria. Saxony 

and Warsaw 10 ApriL . . 

— NN. Austrian Proposals of Exchange with Bavaria 

— 00. The Plenipotentiaries of Prussia to the Plenipo- 

tontiaiy of Saxony. Saxony and Prussia 10 April. . . 

— PP. The Plenipotentiary of Russia to the Plenipoten- 

tiary of Saxony. Warsaw 10 ApriL . . 

25. Protocol. 5 Courts. Austria and Bavaria. Wnr» 

temburg. Hesse. Baden, Darmstadt, Saxony . 18 April. . . 

— QQ. The Conference to the Plenipotentiaiy of Saxony, 

Saxony and Prussia, Warsau/, Adhesion of 

Saxony 14 April. . . 

2G. Protocol. 6 Courts. Military Arrangements 18 April. . . . 

290 



lo.l)0] GREAT BBITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [1614-1616. 

[Protocoli. Conffrem of Vienna.] 

•* State Papers," 
Tol. ii. 

^ft 1816. Page 

— PPP. Project of the Separate ConTcntioii between 

Autria and Prtusia 750 

* hotoooL 8 Courts. General AcceMion of Switzerland, 

Preunble of the General Troatj. Non-adhesion of 

^fnn, Fonda of Shriek and BetTte in England. 

BeMTTBtiona of Portugal and of Sveden. Lucca 

•^I^apUi -^Juuc 752 

— The Plenipotentiary of Spain to the Conference. 

•PSwwa, Plaeeutia and Ouastalla 4 April. ... 753 

— lie Plenipotentiary of Spain to the Conference. 

OlhofOf Parma, Ac 5 Juno .... 75G 

— Tie Conference to the Plenipotentiary of Spain Idem G June .... 757 

— The Plenipotentiary of Spain to the Conference Idem 7 June .... 758 
"" The Plenipotentiaiy of Portugal to the Conference. 

interior Negotiations 9 Jane .... 759 

"" The Plenipotentiary of Sweden to the Conference. 

iWma, Placentia and Ouaatalla, Kaples 9 June .... 759 

*" Protocol. 8 Courts. The Holg See, Sweden and 

Lneea, and Naple$ 18 June .... 7G0 

*" iVotest of the Pope. Religion and Catholic Church 12 June .... 7G2 
"^ Protest of the Pope. Temporal intcreets of tho 

EolySee 12Juno.... lm 

"* ftwtoool. 8 Courts. Sweden and Luccay and Naples, 18 Juno .... 772 
"* Protocol. 8 Courts. Signature of tho General Treaty 

dated the 9th June 19 Juno .... 773 



20;i 



26 July, 1815.] GBEAT BBITAIN, &c., AND BUSSIA. [No. SI 
[SUye Trade.] 



No. 31.— PROW COL of Confermce between Great Britain^ 
Austria, Prussia, and Russia respecting the Abolition of the 
Slave Trade by France. Paris, 2Qth July, 1815. 

(Translation,*) 
(Extract.) 

Viscount Castlsreagh, His Britannic Majesty's Principal 
Secretary of State, itc, in reference to the communication he has 
made to the Conference, of the Orders addressed to the Admiralty to 
suspend all Hostilities against the coast of France, observes that 
there is reason to foresee that French shipowners might be induced 
to renew the Slave Trade, under the supposition of the peremptory 
and total abolition decreed by Napoleon Bonaparte, having ceased 
with his power, that, nevertheless, great and powerful consi- 
derations, arising from motives of humanity and even of regard for 
the King's authority, require that no time should be lost to maintain 
in France the entire and immediate abolition of the Traffic in Slaves ; 
that if, at the time of the Treaty of Paris (No. 1), the King's 
administration could wish a final but gmdual stop should be put 
to this Trade, in the space of 5 years, for the purpose of afford- 
ing the King the gi-atification of having consulted, as much as 
possible, the interests of the French prbprietoi*8 in the Colonies, 
now that the absolute prohibition lias been ordained, the question 
assumes entirely a different shajDe, for if the King were to ivvoke 
the said prohibition, he would give himself the disadvantage of 
authorising, in the interior of France, the reproach which more 
than once has been thrown out against his former Government, of 
countenancing reactions, and, at the same time, justifying, out of 
France, and particularly in England, the belief of a systematic 
opposition to liberal ideas ; that accordingly the time seems to 
have arrived when the Allies cannot hesitate formally to give 
weight in France to the immediate and entire prohibition of the 
Slave Trade, a prohibition, the necessity of which has been 
acknowledged, in principle, in the transactions of the Congress at 
Vienna (No. 7). 

The other Members of the Conference entirely coincide in 
opinion with Viscount Castlereagh, and in order to attain this end 
in the manner the most advantageous to the authority and con- 

• For French Version, sec " State Papers," yol. iii, p. 196. 
294 



Mo. 813 OBBAT BBITAIN, &c„ AND RUSSIA. [26 July, 1816 . 

[SlATa Trmda.] 

aideration of the King, it is agreed that it Avould l)e advisable to 
preface, by a few observatious, tlie verbal commiinirati(jn to bo 
made to the King and to his administration, in order that Ilis 
Majesty may be induced voluntarily to make the arrangement in 
question, and thus reap the advantage of an initiative, which will 
vemove the idea in the interior of the kingdom of a tendency 
to'prards reaction, and will conciliate to the King, in Foreign 
Countries, the suffrages of the partisans of lilx)ral ideas. 

A confidential representation is to be made to the King 

>rdin^y. 

Paris, 26th July, 1815. 

CASTLEREAGH. NESSELRODK 

METTERNICn. HUMBOLDT. 



295 



12 Aug., 1815.] aBEAT BBITAIK AND KETHEBI<AKDS. [Mo. 82 
[Dutch Proprietors. Demerara, Sflflaquibo, and Berbice.] 



No. 22.— CONVENTION between Great Britain and the 

Netherlands, relative to Dutch Proprietors in Demerara, 

Essequiboy and Berbice. Signed at London^ \2tk August^ 

1815. 

Aet. Table. 

Preamble. 

1. Trade of Dutch Proprietors in Demerara^ Sstequibo, and JBerhkt, with 

the Netherlands. Nationality of Yessela. 

2. Import and Export Duties. 

3. Privileges of Dutch Proprietors. Negroes. 

4. Foreclosure of Mortgages, &c. 

6. Privileges of Dutcli Proprietors. 
C. Description of Dutch Proprietors. 

7. Supplies for Mort^gcd Estates, &c. 

8. Declaration to be made by Proprietors. 

9. Double Mortgages. 

10. Annual Lists of Proprietors and Estates. 

11. Berbice Association. 

12. Judicial Decisions, &c. 

13. Fairness and Impartiality. 

14. Modifications. 

15. Operation of Treaty. 

16. Ratification. 

(English ver8ioD.)* 
lu the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the King of the Nether- 
lands, being equally desirous of promoting and cementing the 
harmony and good understanding so happily established between 
the two countries, by carrying into immediate execution that part 
of the provisions of the 1st Additional Ai*ticle of the CooventioD 
of the 13th of August, 1814 (No. 5), which stipulates that the 
subjects of His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, being Pro- 
prietors in the Colonies of Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbice, 
shall be at liberty (imder certain regulations) to carry on trade 
between the said settlements and the territories in Europe of His 
said Majesty, have nominated for their Plenipotentiaries, viz,, 

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, Henry Earl Bathurst, a Member of His Majesty's 
• For Dutch Version, see " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 836w 
296 



Mo. aaj GREAT BBITAIK AND NETHERLANDS. [12 Aug., 1815. 
[Ihiteh Fv<opii«i^». Dmnczmrft, Ssflaanibo, and B«rbloe.] 

Most Honorable Privy Council, and one of his Principal Secre- 
tarieB of State; 

And his Majesty the King of the Netherlands, the Sieur 
Henry Baron Fagel, a Member of the Corps des Nobles of the 
Province of Holland, and his Ambassador Eitraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary to bis Britannic Majesty : 

Who, after having communicated to each other their respec- 
tive Full Powers, found in due and proper form, have agreed to 
the following Articles : 

Trade of Dutch Proprietors with the Netherlands, Nationality of 

Vessels. 

Abt. T. It is hereby agreed for the space of 5 years from 
the Ist of January, 1816, the aforesaid trade may be carried on 
in any ships being the property of subjects of His Majesty the 
King of the Netherlands, whercsocvcr built, and without any 
restriction or limitation as to the mariners navigating them : but 
at the expiration of the said five years, or as much sooner as 
His Majesty the King of the Netherlands shall think proper, such 
tiade shall be carried on only in such ships as are Dutch built, 
•od whereof the Master and three-fourths of the crew are sub- 
jects of His Majesty the King of the Netherlands. 

Import and Export Duties, 

Art. II. His Majesty the King of the Netherlands reserves 
to himself the liberty of imposing such duties as he may think fit, 
^^ the importation into the European dominions of his said 
Majesty, of the produce of the Colonies in question ; and vice 
▼erai, ^th regard to exportation : but the duties to be paid 
^™i the Colonies shall be applicable to the Dutch, as well as to 
tte British trade. 

Privileges of Dutch Propnetors, Negroes. 

Aar. III. The subjects of His Majesty the King of the 
Netherlands, being Proprietors in the said Colonies, shall be at 
Freest liberty to go to the said Colonies, and to return, without 
*^ subjected in this respect to any delay or diflBculty ; or to 
fPPoint persons to act for them in the management of the said 
^^tetjonrse, or of their properties in the said Colonies ; subject, 
*^ever, during their residence there, to the laws and regula- 
^ of the same. 

207 



12A]lg.l815.j OREAT BBIXADT A3rD XETHERLA5I». mo.32 
(Dirtck 



They shall alao hare fall liberty to dispose of their Property 
in 2lhj maLrier in which they may think £t : bm it » uDderstood 
that ID regard to Negr«xss they are to be snbject to tiie same 
lestrictioDS as Britiiih subject?. 

Art. IV. Id order to protect the Proprietors of Estates in the 
said Colonies from the ruinous effects cf the immediate fore- 
closure of Mortgages due to the subjects of His Majesty the 
King <A the Netherlands, it is further agieed, that in all cases in 
which the proprietor of an estate shall offer to the holder of any 
mortgage on the said estate. ma'Je prior to the 1st of January, 
1814 (such mortgagee Ixring a sul^ject of ID* Majesty the Kin^ 
of the Netherlands), the security hereinafter specified* such 
mortgagee shall not be at hberty to proceed to the immediate or 
smnmary foreclosure of the said mortgage; it being however 
onderst^jod, that in all cases in which no such security shall be 
offered by the proprietor, the mortgagee shall retain all those 
rights as to foreclosure, to which he is at present entitled. 

The security in question must provide that the mortgagee 
shall receive, at the expense of the Proprietor of tlie estate, a 
new mortgage for the whole amount of the debt now due to him, 
inclnding Ixjth that i^art <*i the ori>rinal debt wliieh has not been 
discharged, and the interest which mu^' Iiave accrued upon it up 
to the 31st Decemljer, 1814, inclusive. That this security shall 
reserve to the mortgagee that priority of claim over other mort- 
gagees and creditors to which he is entitled under his original 
mortgage ; that it shall bear an annual interest, beguming from 
the Ist of January, 1815, at the same rate, and payable in the 
same manner, as that which was payable under the original 
mortgage; and that the whole amount of the new debt shall 
be fjayable by eight annual instalments, the first of which is to 
become payable on the Ist of January, 1820. 

The new security shall also afford to the mortgagee all those 
means of legal redress, in the event of non-payment of the in- 
terest, or omission to discharge the ]»rincipal when due, and all 
thr>Hc other i»rivilegcs and advantages to which he would be 
entitled under his existing mortgage, and shall place him, with 
resi^tl to the debt for which the new security is given, in the 
same situatiini as he str>od with respect to his original claim upon 
the estate, excepting only in what relates to the period at whi<^h 

298 



No. 32] OBEAT BRITAIN AND NETHEBLANDS. [12 Aug. 1815. 
[Dutoh Proprietors. Demerara, EMeanibo, and Barblce.] 

the payment may bo demanded, so that no later creditor shall 
derive, from this airangement, any power to affect the rights of 
the original creditor, and that no further suspension of payment 
{surcheance) beyond tliat herein agreed upon, shall take place 
without the original creditor's especial consent. 

It is further agreed, that in order to entitle the mortgagee to 
receive the security specified in this Article, he shall, as soon as 
the said security is duly recorded in the said Colony and delivered 
to the mortgagee or his agent, in the Colony (the expenses of 
such record being defmyed by the Proprietors), deliver up to be 
cancelled the mortgages or bonds originally granted to him, or 
exhibit legal proof that the said mortgages and bonds have been 
duly cancelled, and are no longer of any value. 

It is further expressly agreed, that^ with the exceptions of 
the modifications specified in this Article, the rights of mortgagees 
and creditors shall remain intact. 

Privileges of Dutch Proprietors, 

Akt. V. It is agreed that all Dutch proprietors, acknowledged 
to be such by the present Convention, shall be entitled to supply 
their Estates from the Netherlands with the usual articles of 
supply ; and in return, to exix)i-t to the Netherlands the produce 
of the said estates. But that all other im[K)rtation of goods from 
the Netherlands into the Colonies, or export of produce from the 
Colonies to the Netherlands, shall be strictly prohibited ; and it 
is further agreed, that the exportjition of all such articles as may 
be prohibited to be exported to those Colonies from the British 
dominions, shall be also prohibited to be exported from the 
Netherlands. 

Description of Dutch Proprietors, 
Art. VI. By Dutch Proprietors are to be understood : — 
1st. All subjects of His Majesty the King of the Nether- 
lands resident in his said Majesty's European dominions, who are 
at present Proprietors in the said Colonies, 

2ndly. All subjects of ILis said Majesty who may hereafter 
become possessed of Estates now belonging to Dutch Proprietors 
therein. 

3rdly. All such Proprietors as being now resident in the 
alxjve Colonies, and being natives of the Netherlands, may (by 
virtue of Article VIII of the present Convention) declare that they 
wish to continue to be considered as suoh ; and 

:>99 



12 Aug., 1815J GREAT BRITAIN AND NETHERLANDS. [No. 32 
[Bntoh Proprietors. Demerara, Esseqtdbo, and Berbiee.] 

4thlj. All subjects of His said Majesty who may be the 
holders of Mortgages on Estates in the said Colonies, made prior 
to the date of this Convention, and who may, under their mort- 
gage deeds, have the right of exporting from the said Colonies to 
the Netherlands, the produce of the said Estates ; subject^ never- 
theless, to the restrictions specified in Article IX. 

Supplies for Mortgaged Estates^ 4'C» 

AitT. VII. In all cases where the right of supplying the 
mortgaged estate with articles of supply, and exporting produce 
from it to the Netherlands, is not actually secured to the mort- 
gagee by the mortgage deed, the mortgagee shall be allowed to 
export from the colony only such quantity of produce as will be 
sufficient, when estimated at the current prices of the colony, to 
pay the amomit of interest or prhicipal annually due to him and 
to import into the colony articles of supply in the same propor- 
tion. 

Declaration to he made hy Proprietors. 

Art, VIII. All Proprietors, subjects to His Majesty the King 
of the Netherlands, now residing in the above Colonies, must^ in 
order to entitle themselves to the benefit of this Convention, 
declare, within 3 months after the publication of this Con- 
vention in the said colonies, whether they wish to be considered 

as such. 

Double Mortgages, 

Art. IX. In all cases where both Dutch and British subjects 
have Mortgages upon the same property in the said colonies, the 
quantity of produce to be consigned to the different mortgagees, 
shall be in proportion to the amount of the debts respectively 
due to them. 

Annual Lists of Proprietors and Estates. 
Art. X. In order more easily to carry into effect, and the 
better to ensm'e the execution of the provisions of this Conven- 
tion, it is agreed, that exact and specific Lists shall be made out 
every year, by order of the King of the Netherlands, containing 
the names and places of abode of the Proprietors resident in the 
Netherlands, together with the name and description of the Estate 
belonging to them respectively, si)ecifying whether the same be 
a sugar or other plantation, and whether the whole or only part 
of the Estate belongs to the Proprietor in question : similar Lists 

300 



No. 32] GREAT BRITAIN AND NETHERLANDS. [12 Aug., 1815. 
[Datoh Proprietors. Demerara, Esseauibo, and Berbica.] 

shall also be made out of the existing Mortgages on estates, in 
as far as these mortgages are held by Dutch subjects, speci- 
fying the amount of the debt on Mortgage, either actually 
existing, or to be made out by virtue of the provisions of 
Article IV. 

These lists shall be delivered over to the British Government, 
and shall be sent to the Colonies in question, in order to make out 
from them, in conjunction with a Ust of the Dutch Proprietors 
resident in the said Colonies, the whole amount of the Dutch 
population and property on interest in the said Colonies. 

Berhice Association, 

Art. XL Ilis Majesty the King of tlio Netherlands, having 
represented to His Britannic Majesty that the Company of Dutch 
Merchants and others (styUng themselves the Berbice Associa- 
tion), have a just claim to certain Estates formerly settled by 
them in the colony of Berbice, of which they were dispossessed 
by the Revolutionary Government of Holland, and which, on the 
capture of the said colony by His Britannic Majesty, were con- 
sidered as Government property ; his Britannic Majesty engages 
to restore to the said Berbice Association, within six months after 
the exchange of the ratifications of the present Convention, the 
Estates of Dageraad^ Dankhaarheid, Johanna^ and Sandvoort^ 
together with all the Negroes and stock now actually employed 
upon the same ; such restoration to be in full compensation and 
satisfaction of all claims which thg said Association may have, or 
may pretend to have, against His Britannic Majesty or his sub- 
jects, on account of any property heretofore belonging to them 
in the Colony of Ikrbico. 

Judicial Decisions^ ^-c. 

Art. XII. All questions of a private nature, relating to such 
Proix)rty as cornCvS within the operation of this Convention, shall 
be decided by competent judicial authority, according to the laws 
in force in tlie said colonies. 

Fairness and Impartiality. 
Art. XIII. His Britannic Majesty engages, that the utmost 
fairness and impartiality shall be shewn in all matters affecting 
the rights and interests of Dutch Proprietors. 

301 



^r*»**nr '. a-^-r^rt a i;* *T:f'''i^'ii!'r nay z^'ml". tit ~" "'•» SE^aacv^ 
Aarr. !'»'. 1-4.'- 7, x > litt^L 'iiicTie rir'~!.'«i'm* :c -jk Col- 

2i:r Ti::-- 1,'. 

-»**«.* f •-,!& iflit ^rit ^i:i*r*t.f. :r ^xcer. 3 ;c»Har«t- 

tMi^ «t I>.c/3i:c- uir l±ifc ^,c AiCTsc =L tritr jMT li (Mr Ix«rd 

tLj?.^ RATHIKST. 
rfLj?.> W. FAGEL 



v/i. I:L fr, 77'/ ; ar>i Art.* *^.f tLeBmii^ Ps^uAiuezit, 5r G««x m, 
c, 1>K 2^ih JoiiTr. 1>510; u^ 1 Gt^x IV. c. ai. ^ih Jdy. 1820. 



n<r2 



No. 33] FRANCE AND SARDINEA. [19 Sept, 1815. 

[Territorial.] 



No. 33. — TREATY hetween France and Sardinia. Sitpied 
at Paris, Idth September, 1815. 

Abt. Tablk. 

Preamble. 

1. Ecstoration of part of Savoi/ to Sardinia. 

2. Date of Delivery. 
8. Batifieations. 

Secret Article, 

Conditions of Kestitution of part of Savwf to Sardinia. 

(Translation.) 

Ills Majesty the King of France and Navarre, and His 
Majesty the King of Sardinia wishing, by the restitution to His 
said Majesty the King of Sardinia of the part of Savoy whicli 
had been left to France by the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 
1814 (No. 1), to cause all occasion of disunion and misunder- 
standing which might arise between them to disappear, have for 
that purpose appointed as their Plenipotentiaries, namely : 

Ilis Majesty the Bang of France and of Navan-e, the Sieur 
Charles Maurice do Talleyrand-Peiigord, Prince de Beuevent, 
&c. ; 

And Ilis Majesty the King of Sardinia, Count Thaou Revel 
do Pralong, liis Minister Plenipotentiary to His Most Cliristiau 
Majesty, &c. ; 

Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, found to be 
in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles : 

Restoration of Part of Savoy to Sardinia, 

Art. I. His Majesty the King of France and of Navarro 
restores to His Majesty the King of Sardima the part of Savoy 
which had been left to France by the Treaty of 30th May, 1814 
(No. 1). 

Date of Deliver}/, 

Art. II. The delivery of the above-mentioned part of Savoy 
shall take place within 15 days after the Exchange of the Katifl- 
cations of the present Treaty. 

Ratifcations. 

Art. III. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 

303 



^tfejr^i^it n-^r'^ii ±TZ Tfj^zyrt. IKlS 






7V ;<;*vrv^v:. 'f ::/*: pk.-i '.c Sa-: j -friiii Lfci leec lerx to 
Yi^iJM. >.•:;/■. Jtv.< ::, T;>e A-t>:>A c-f liit Tre*:nr cc liis dkj, shall 
Ujt/; ;,C*'>: '/:.>,' »j:j'>;r \uh i^Z.^'.:.'^ o.cyL'L'.za : 

I**.. TL^x IJlfc 3JAk-*"v tLe KiL.;^' of Sariiii* siaH Di-t ruake i-^ 
VjJ Fvw.r v.'L(iV:-.v:r i:,v 'y.-i>i?lo:- wLkL eat t-e OjCiaJ-irre^ *s an 
#;<^.*j;v4^'r?.t for tw; jAT. of .Sativ wLI-.L is rc-siored io LI21 ; so 
that f Jl»5 lAld Maj*^ty r:j%y ^lvj}' tho fdi bcrLeft cf iLe cession 

^f-<i, ll.at tfyr P'^is^^Ioui of His 3Iaj^:«ty the King of Sw- 
'IjfiU hliJiiJI nfuju'm th'r r'jLV; a^s iIk-v were fiied tv the Treaxy of 
^/tli May, I^jH ^No. 1^, aud by the AiraDgemeiit^? agreed npc« 
hy i}t0: OiU'^^izhh tA Vk-iijia f No. 27j. 

Tli/; \tTi:mu\ J^XT*:t Article fchall Lave the same force and 
value an if it were UkUtsruA word for word in the Treaty of this 
<Jay. It hh;tll U; ratified aud the RatificatioDS thereof shall be 
trxrUsiinri'A at the Harne tiirie. 

Ill t<:Mtif/iorjy where^^f the respective Plenipotentiariefi have 
t-hrin'il jl, and have affixed thereto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at TariH, 10th September, 1815. 

(L.S.) PRINCE DE TALLEYRAND. 
rL.S.) THAON REVEL. 



304 



No. 34] PEUSSIA AND SAXE-WEIMAR. [22 Sept., 1815. 

[Territorial.] 



No. 9^— TERRITORIAL CONVENTION heUceen 
Prussia and Saxe-Weimar. Signed at Paris, 22nd Sep- 
tembery 1815. 

Abt. Table. 

1. CdssionB made and to be made by Pnutia, in conformity with the Treaty 

of let June, 1815. 

2. Cessionfl to be obtained by Prussia from the Elector of Hesse in favour 

of the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar. 

3. Renunciation made by the Grand Puke of Saxe'WeinMrf in consideration 

of the Ceded Territories. 

4. Exchange of the Yillages of Ndda and Minglehen, 

6. Geesion of certain Rights belonging to the Grand Duke in the Prussian 
part of Erfwrth, 

6. Redemption of the Reyenuos of BiscKoffsrode and ProbsteizeUa, 

7. Cession of Rights belonging to the King of Prussia^ as Sovereign of 

Erfurthj in the Territories of the Grand Duke. 

8. Navigation of the Rivers CnttrtU and Gera, 

9. Right of Passage by certain Military Routes ceded to Prussia, 

10. Obligations imposed on Prussia in regard to the ceded parts of the King- 

dom of Saxony accepted by the Ghrand Duke. 

11. Surrender of Archives, Distribution of Debts. 

12. Engagements in regard to the Grand Duchy qf Frankfort on the part of 

the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar. 

13. Commission reciprocally appointed to arrange the stipulations of Articles 

X, XI, and XII. 

14. Liquidation of the Claims of Weimar of 1805 and 1806. 

15. Exchange of Ratifications. 

(Translation.*) 

His Majesty the Kin^ of Pru8.sia, and Ills Royal ITiglinoss 
the Grand Duke of Saxo-Weimar-EisenaL-li, reciprocally inclined, 
in pursuance of the Pi-eliuiinary Convention of 1st June this j-ear 
(No. 24), to settle more precisely, and to carry into execution by a 
special State Treaty, those conditions which were detennined at the 
(y'ongress of Vienna in favour of His Royal Highness the Grand 
Duke, and of which the fulfilment has been undertaken by His 
Majesty the King, have therefore appointed Plenipotentiaries to 
agree to, decide, and sign everything relating to this matter, that 
is to say : 

His Majesty the King of Prussia His State Chancellor Prince 
von Hardcnberg, Knight of the Royal Prussian Order of the 

• For French Translation, see ''State Papers/' toI. ii, p. 944. 
305 X 



22 Sept., I8I5.] PRUSSU AND SAXE-WEIMAK. [»0. 84 

[Territorial.] 

Gi-eat Black and Red Eagle, &c. ; and Charles William, Baron 
von Humboldt, His Minister of State, Chamberlain, Envoy Extra- 
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Imperial Royal 
Apastolic Majesty, &c. ; and 

Ills Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar- 
Eisenach, Ernest Augustus, Baron von GersdorfF, IDs Acting 
Privy Councillor in the Ministry ; 

Who, after having found their Full Powers in good and proper 
form, and exchanged them with each other, have agreed to the 
following Ai-ticles : 

Cessions made and to he made by Prussia^ in confoifnitt/ with the 
Treaty of \st June, 1815. 

Art. I. His Majesty the Kmg of Prussia having already, by 
the Treaty of the 1st of June last (No. 24), ceded to His Roj'al 
Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach : 

1. The Lordship of Blankenliayn, with the exception of the 
bailiwick of Wandersleben, which remains with Prussia, but in- 
cluding the detached village of Remssla ; 

2. The lower lordship of Kranichfeld ; 

3. The former Commanderies of the German Orders of Zwaetzen, 
Lehesten, and Liebstadt, with the whole of their revenues, so far 
as they belong to the baili^vick of Eckartsberga, and form enclaves 
in the Weimar territory, and also all the other districts belonging 
to the said bailiwick and enclosed in the principality of Weimar ; 

4. The bailiwick of Tautenburg, with the exception of the dis- 
tncts of Droizen, Gorschen, Wethaburg, Wetterscheid, and Woll- 
schiitz, which remain with Pnissia ; 

5. The districts of Berlstedt and part of Klein-Brembacli, 
belonging to Schloss-Vippach, in tlie Erfurth territory ; 

He adds to these cessions the following : 

6. The Neustadt Circle, belonging to IDs Duchy of Saxonj% 
within the boundaries existing at the time of the signature of the 
present Treaty, but with the exception of all that which lies to 
the west and south of a line which cuts through the said circle 
from that of Saal field up to the Russian frontier, m such wise 
that the districts of Rohmen, Dabritz, Grabengereut, Laaske, 
loosen, Keule, Tausa, Schondorf, and Volkmannsdorf, with theii* 
lands, come to Weimar ; and the districts of Podelwitz, Gerte- 
witz, Seeba(*h, Bohren, Schmorda, Moxa, Passka, Culmla, Zicgon- 
riick, and Esbach, likewise with their lands, remain with Prussia. 

;]0C 



M €. di] PBU8SU AND SAXEWEIMAB. [22 Sept, 1815. 

[Territorial.] 

7. The foUowing detached districto, adjoming or iu the neigh- 
booriiood of the Wdmar territory, all with their lands : 

0. Lochatadt, beionging to the bailiwick of Naomburg ; 

h, Damstadt, belonging to the bailiwick of Pforta ; 

c Widdemrode, Nieder-Trebra, Ober-Renfsen, Nirmsdorf, 
Bfldendorf, Elleraleben, Klein-Neahausaen, OrosA-Neuhaasaen, 
and Odisshaussen, of the bailiwick of Eckartflberga ; 

i Essleben, likewise of the bailiwick of £ckart8lKM*ga, of 
which Weunar already }X)sse88es the territorial property under 
the sovereignty of Prussia ; 

t Willerstadt, belonging to the baili\^'ick of Wendelstein ; 

/. Erannichbom, of the bailiwick of Weisensee. 

8. The follo^ng bailiwicks and districts of the Erfurth terri- 
tory: 

I a. Schloss-Vippach ; 

h. The villages of Stottemheim and .Schwerlx>m, of the (^is- 
ppreleben bailiwick ; 

(• The bailiwick of Atzmannsdorf ; 

d The bailiwick of Danndorf, with the districts of Isserode and 
Hainichen attached thereto. 

9. The cantons or circuits of Dermbach and Geisa, l»elonging 
tothe Pulda department of the former Grand Duchy of Frankfort, 
*Mdn their present boundaries, according to the last territorial 

Hia Majesty the King of Pmssia renounces for himself, his 
posterity, and successors, the above-mentioned districts and 
Pl^cwto be ceded, which will for the future be j>ossesHe<l by His 
%al Higlmess the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach, with 
•^' supreme and sovereign rights, and others appertaining thereto, 
^the transfer of the Cessions Nos. 1 to 5 has already taken 
pl*oe, the additional ones in Nos. 6, 7, 8, and 9 shall be trans- 
fenied within 4 weeks from the signature of this Treaty, or 
Wore if possible. 

^^*»mM to hf obtained by Pivssia from ihe Klcctor of Jfisse In Otvoiir 
of the Grand Duke of Saxe- Wehnar, 

Abt. II. Uis Majesty the King of Pnissia moreover uiider- 
^'tae to obtain from Ilis Iloyal Highness the Elector of Hesst* 
^heoesaion of the following Districts and localities, in favoin* of 
Hi> Sqytl Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weiinar-Eis<Mincl>. 
namely:— 

:507 X 2 



22 Sept., 1815.] PBUSSIA AND SAXB.WEIMAS. [Ho. 34 

[Territorial.] 

taxes, nor will he place any obstacles in the way of their use 
by Prussian subjects. 

Eight of Passage by certain Military Routes ceded to Prussia. 

Art. IX. Ilis Highness the Grand Duke undertakes to grant 
to the Prussian Monarchy the use of the following Military Roada 
in time of war and jieace : — 

1. Along the great Frankfort causeway from Leipsig by 
Weimar and Erfurtli to Eieenach, from whence the transport will 
be either by Berka to Ilersfeld, or by Vach to Fulda, as is to 
be arranged by a further Convention ; 

2. From Prussian Thuringia by Buttstadt to Erfurth ; 

3. From Gera by Amua to Schleitz and GefaJl ; 

4. A Road to be hereafter definitely arranged from the Prussian 
territory into that part of the Neustadt Gu*cle, which is not ceded 
to Weimar by the present Treaty. 

The rights appertaining to Pmssia on all these Military Roads, 
as well as the reciprocal engagements connected therewith, shall 
be determmed in the same manner as has been done for the Mili- 
tary Roads passmg througli the kingdom of Hanover (No. 21), 
between the Prassian and Hanoverian Governments. 

Obligations imposed on Prussia^ in reganl to the ced^d parts of the 
Kingdom of Saxony^ accepted by the Grand Duke. 

Art. X. As His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe- 
Weimar-Eisenach receives districts and portions of territory which 
have been transferred from the kuigdom of Saxony to the Prus- 
sian Monarchy, His Royal Highness acquires all the rights ceded 
to Prussia with those districts, and undertakes all the engagements 
undertaken by Pnissia in regard thereto, in so far as they, by the 
present Treaty, and that of the 1st of Jime last, relate or are 
applicable to the Saxon districts ceded to Weimar. 

His Royal Highness therefore acknowledges, in i-espect to the 
said territory, all the stii)ulations as valid for himself which are 
contained iu the Twaty concluded between Saxony and Prussia on 
the 18th of May, 1815 (No. 16), and especially those in .Vi-ticles 
VI, VII, IX, X, XI, and XVIII, in regard to the Archives, debts, 
Exchequer bills, central tax, i^ensions. Exchequer balances, eccle- 
siastical foimdations, and other similar matteis, or those which 
are still to be determined by the Commission to be appointed in ac- 
cordance with Article XIV of the said Treaty, Tfis Royal Highness 

310 



No. 34] PAUSSIA AND SAXE-WEIMAB. L22 Sept., 1819. 

[Territorial.] 

undertakes all the engagements arising therefrom, and Ilis Majesty 
the King of Prussia gives up to him all the rights connected there- 
with. In special regard to the Neustadt circle divided between 
Prussia and Weimar by the present Treaty, all the biu*dens and 
advantages thereby appertaining to the whole Circle will be 
divided between the two shares according to the principles adopted 
in the cessions made by Saxony to Prussia, and the same is 
applicable to the ceded portions of separate bailiwicks of other 
Circles. 

Surrender of Archives ^ Distribution of Debts. 

AuT. XL All Documents and Papers which exclusively relate 
to the districts and places for.iieily bel 'Ugin^- to Erfurth and now 
ceded to Weimar, will be delivered up to the Grand Ducal Weimar 
Government within three months from the date of the signature 
of this Treaty, and attested copies of such documents as relate 
not exclusively but partially to the said districts will be furnished 
on demand. 

Li regard to the Debts and burdens, Ilis Royal Highness 
undertakes not only those specially incumbent on the ceded 
districts, but also a share of the general debts and bui*dens of the 
whole province, to be determined according to the analogy of the 
principles mentioned in the preceduig Article. Those principles 
are also to sei*ve as a guide in all other matters which it is neces- 
sary' to arrange in consequence of the present cession. 

Engagements in regard to the Grand Duchy of Frankfort^ on the 
part of the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar. 

Abt. XII. Ilis Royal Iliglmess the Grand Duke of Saxe- 
Weunar-Eisenach will, in consequence of the obligation under- 
taken in the Treaty of 1st June last (No. 24), undertake the 
obligations attached to the former Grand Duchy of Frankfort and 
appertaining to the new possessors of shares thereof, according 
to the proportion of the 27,000 inhabitants in Fulda, originally 
awarded to hun. The same principle is to be applied to the 
special obligations of the Department of Fulda. (hi the other 
hand, the districts of Electoral Hesse allotted to him according 
to Article II, will pass over to him free from debt. 

Commission reciprocallg appointed to Airange the Stipulations of 
Articles JT, JT/, a)id XII. 

Art. XIII. The arrangement of the stipulations contained in 

311 



22 Sept, 1815.] PBUSSU AND SAXE-WEIMAE. [Mo. 34 

[Territorial.] 

Articles X, XI, XII, is to be made by a Commission to be appointed 
by both Parties, and which will assemble at Weimar immediately 
after the territorial transfer, in order to complete the work in the 
shortest possible time. 

Liquidation of the Claims of Weimar o/1805 and 1806. 

Art. XIV. His Majesty the King of Prussia will also have the 
liquidation of the Weimar claims for mahitenance of troops in the 
years 1805 and 1806, brought forward again, and direct the 
settlement thereof, according to circumstances. 

Exchange of Ratifications, 

Art. XV. The present Treaty shall bo ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations shall be exchanged withm 6 weeks from the signatoie 
thereof. 

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and aflBxed to it the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, 22nd September, 1815. 

(L.S.) CHARLES PRINCE V. HARDENBERG. 
(L.S.) WILLIAM BARON V. HUMBOLDT. 
(L.S.) ERNEST AUGUSTUS BARON V. GERSDORFF. 



812 



Ho. 35] HANOVER AND PRUSSIA. [23 Sept, 1816. 

[County of Sohatunburgri LaaonbarflT) fto.] 

No. 25.— TERRITORIAL TREATY between Hanover 
and Prussia, Signed at Paris, 23rd September, 1815. 

Abt. Table. 

1. Cession of Lindatt, Oieholdshausen, and Dudertiadthj Prussia to Hanover, 

2. Elbin^erode, Keuhaus, &c., to bo retained by Hanover. 

3. Commission for the Valuation of the Exchanges. 

4. Renunciation by Hanover in regard to Sshaumburg. 

5. Renunciation by Prussia of certain Hessian Inclosuros in faroiir of Hanover. 
G. FulGlment of the Stipuktions of the Treaty of 29th May with regard to 

Lauenburff. 

7. Articles VII and VIII of the Treaty of 29th May applied to the places 

ceded in this Treaty. 

8. Exchange of Ratifications. 

(Translation.) 

In the name of the Most Holy and Indivisible Trinity. 

IIis Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Gi*eat 
Britain and Ireland, King of Hanover, and His Majesty the King 
of Prussia, being mutually disposed, in pursuance of the Stat« 
Treaty concluded between them at Vienna on the 29th May 
of the current year (No. 21), to determine the compensation 
which is due to the Kingdom of Hanover according to Article III 
of the said Treaty for the Electoral Hessian share of the County 
of Schaumburg, the cession of which it has not been possible to 
obtain from His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse, have 
appointed Plenipotentiaries to arrange and to sign with each other 
everythuig relating to this matter ; namely, 

His Majesty tlie King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, King of Hanover, Count Ernest Christian 
George Augustus von Ilardenberg, His State and Cabinet Minis- 
ter, also Envo}' Extraordinary' and Minister Plenipotentiary at the 
High Allied Courts, &c. ; and 

His Majesty the Kuig of Prussia, His State Chancellor, Piince 
von Ilardenberg, &c., 

Who, aft<jr having reciprocally found their Full Powei-s in 
good form and exchanged them with each other, have agreed to 
the following Articles : — 

Cession of Lindau^ Gieboldsftausen^ and Duda^stadt by Prussia to 

Hanover, 

Art. I. His Majesty the King of Prussia cedes to His Majesty 

313 



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Ki.v. ^7 •.?>: h^-5t^^-T.-*-vv ,: •:.'r jr?*'! t Mij. c :be ir>-5«rr^ vear 
HI'/ ^Ho. 21^. ;.>:7.'>,r>r-: i: ::.-f: t^^-^i-iJi-:. :•• :!•: aoicl^ik-ii 

//, \fA 'A iu: \/iu,'.'f.\cV of NV-ihciTis-. l^ri'.Lgiii**: :•-• :Le Dachv of 
tMtifrtt}/rir'/^. ^j^^-iher w'.r;* t:>- Loijeburg dL-tricts aiiJ lands en- 
t\/0»^'A \Mriw(^fri %\tf: =»aid l/5illlw-l«:k aiid tLe MtvkltLlorg territi:»ry, 

'n»#r ;t^y/V#:'i/i#riiti'irj^d dL^T;v,t-5 will -till Url...ij^ i.j iLe KliigtJtjUi 
of H;ifiov#T, ;i^=i \if:r(;loiorf'. 

(Jonnnimpiofi for the Vnluution of thr Kjch*tn»jtf. 
A lit. III. Th'j di.Htrirt.H whW-h, a^xoniing to Artiile I, are to be 
%\n'\'\si'.xi'A ov<rr t/i till; Kingdom of Hanover, and tho£«e which, 
w*'nv^\\\%^, to Artirlr; II are to reiiiaiii theix^with, are intended to 
m\sv. fi-1 a roini^fii.Hatiriii to lii.s Royal British and Ilanoveriaii 
MufTNiy for th« Klwitoral lleHnian nhare of the County of Schaum- 
iMir^, thf? it4!MHion of which it han not been possible to obtain. As, 
howi^v«M', th(M'«) iH no doubt that this compensation must have 
MliTrH''<» Ui th«j ruveniu! from the said part of Schaumburg, and 
it hiM not Imji'Ii |>oHMiU« to ;^how the sufficiency thereof at the 
tiriin ol lUMH^hision of the prt'sent State-Treaty, both Powers have 
\\^\%^\ lo fif»|Htifit ('oiiiiuiHHionerH at the time of the transfer of 



No. 36] HANOYEB AND PEUSSU. [23 Sept, 1815. 

[County of Sohaumburgr, X<anenburflri fte.] 

the districts to be ceded, who shall meet at llanover and proceed 
uninterruptedly to make, as soon as |X)ssible, a satisfactory com- 
parison between the revenues from the Electoral HJessian share of 
the County of Schamuburg and the revenues from the districts 
mentioned in Articles I and II of the present Ti*eaty. Should 
this comparison sliow that the i-evenues from the districts men- 
tioned in Ailicles I and II do not afford a complete compensation 
for the revenues from the Electoral Hessian shai-e of the County 
of Schaumbmg, then both Parties will, without delay, agree as to 
how the completion of the compensation, which in this case will 
be the duty of Prussia, shall be effected. 

Renunciation hy Hanover in regard to Schaumhurg, 
Art. IV. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Ireland, King of llanover, makes Renunciation 
for himself and his descendants and his successors, in consideration 
of the compensation- stipulated above in Articles I, II, and III, of 
the right accruing to liim from the State-Treaty of the 29th of 
May of the present year 1815, mentioned at the beginning, to 
the hereditary and proprietary possession of the Electoral-Hessian 
share of the County of Schaumburg, and promises, after the com- 
plete accomplishment of the said compensation, never to make 
any claim whatever on that account against His Majesty the King 
of Prussia by reason of the above-mentioned Treaty. 

Renunciation of certain Hessian Inclosures hy Prussia in favour of 

Hanover. 
Art. V. As His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse, and 
His Serene Highness the I^iandgravc of Hesse-Rothenburg, having 
consented to cede to Prussia the Lordship of Plessen, with the 
Monastery of Hockelheim, as well as Neuengleichen, and the bwli- 
wicks of Uechte, Freudenberg, and Auburg, which last has also 
been called Wagenfeld, with all the respective supreme, sovereign, 
feudal, domanial, and other rights belonging to their Royal and 
Serene Highnesses, or which they have hitherto possessed as 
appurtenances thereof ; and to transfer them within 4. weeks from 
the Ratification of the Treaty relating thereto. His Majesty the 
King of Prussia hereby engages to assign the above-mentioned 
districts, in accordance with the State-Treaty of the 29th of May 
of the present year (No. 21), to the Kmgdom of Hanover, imme- 
diately upon their transfer by the two Hessian Houses, and just 
a.s he has received them. 

ai5 



23 Sept, iai5.: HAXOrEB a3iD pbc^IA. JSo. 35 



FifWtTwifyk* r.f'M .v//'.^jf"oi^ :/f.'.-? J.-wXt <;•" f?.v. Jfjy mlA regard 

Ajtt. VI. His ^iLi^^ty tLe KIi>g^ of tbe Umted Kingdom of 
Great Bmain and IrvrlaLol Kiij? of ILufri'ver. de<4ares the condi- 
tioDS apoci wLk'L the trazj^fer o: tie |^rt of the Dochr ot Laoen- 
>>iirg. ntoated ou the rl^t l^aiik *.'f the Ql«, and the Lmkh* 
harg districts azkI Iannis aJ.^> situated •>n the right bank of the 
Elbe, were made dep^riideut in the State-Treaty of 29th Mar of this 
year (No. 21). to be fulfilled by the stipulations in Artides I, Ef, 
IIL and V of the pre^nt Treaty, and hereby engages to haine the 
said part of the Duchy of Laoenbnrg and the Laoenborg districts 
and lands situated on the right bank of the FIW. but with the 
exception of the district which, according to the above Articie II, 
is to remain with Ilanover. delivered over, without farther demur, 
at the same time as the transfer of the Ekbsfdd and Hewsian dis- 
tricts, and to Issue immediate orders to his. authorities for that 
parpose. 

AHi'cks VII and VIII of the TreaUt r/29M May applied to the 
places Ceded in thtf Treaty. 

Akt. VIL Articles VII and VIII of the Treaty of the 29th of 
Bfay of the present year 1815 (No. 21), mentioned at the begin- 
ning, are also applicable to all Districts which, according to the 
present State-Treaty, serve as compensation for the Electoral- 
Hessian part of the County of Schaumburg. 

Exchange of the Ratifications. 

Abt. VIIL The present State-Treaty shall be ratified, and the 
Ratifications thereof shall be exchanged within four weeks, or 
before if it may be. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it and sealed it with their arms. 

Done at Paris, the 23rd of September, 1815. 

(L.S.) ERNEST, COUNT VON ILVRDENBERG. 
(L.S.) CHARLES, PRINCE VON HARDENnBERG. 



31G 



No. 36] AUSrRIA, PRUSSIA, AXD RCSSIA. [26 Sept., 1815. 

[Holy Alliance.] 



No. 36. — TREA TV betioeen Au^trUi, Pi*ussiay and Russia. 
Sitjned at Par/.«r, ^|//i September, 1815. 

AsT. Table. 

Preamble. 

JETo/y Alliance of SoTereigns oi Aattria^ Pmstiat and Bustia. 
Qoyernment and Political Relations. 

1. Principles of the Christian Religion. 

2. Fraternity and Affection. 

3. Accession of Foreign Powens. 



Invitation to Prince Regent of Great BrUain to accede. 
His Rojul Highucsa's Replj. 

(Translation.*) 
lu the name of the !Mo8t Holy and Indivisible Trinity. 

IIoli/ Alliance of Sovereigns of Austria^ Prussia^ and Russia. 

Their Majesties the EmiDeror of Austria, the King of Prassia, 
and the Emperor of Russia, having, in consequence of the great 
events which have marked the course of the three last years in 
Europe, and especially of the blessings which it has pleased 
Divine Providence to shower down upon those States whicli place 
their confidence and their hope on it alone, acquired the intimate 
conviction of the necessity of settling the steps to be observed ' 
by the Powers, in their reciprocal relations, upon the sublime 
truths which the Holy Religion of our Saviour teaches ; 

Government and Political Relations. 

They solemnly declare that the present Act has no other ob- 
ject than to publish, in the face of the whole w*orld, their fixed 
resolution, both in the admhiistration of their respective States, 
and in their i)olitical relations with every other Government, to 
take for their sole guide the precepts of that Holy Religion, 
namely, the pi-ecepts of Justice, Christian Charity, and Peace, 
which, far from being applicable only to private concerns, must 
have an immediate influence on the councils of Princes, and guide 
all their steps, as being the only means of consolidating human 
institutions and remedying their imperfections. In consequence, 
their Majesties have agreed on the following Articles :— 

• For French veruoDi iec " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 211. 
317 



26 Sept., 1815.] AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA, AND RUSSIA. [Ho. 36 

[Holy Alliance.] 

Principles nf the Christian Religion. 

Art. I. Conformably to the words of the Holy Scriptures, 
which command all men to consider each other as brethren, the 
Three contracting Monarclis will remain united by the bonds of a 
true and indissoluble fraternity, and considering each other as 
fellow country-men, they will, on all occasions and in all places, 
lend each other aid and assistance ; and, regarding themselves 
towards their subjects and armies as fathers of families, they will 
lead them, in the same spirit of fraternity with which they are 
animated, to protect Religion, Peace, and Justice. 

Frattrnitjf and Affection. 

Art. II. In consequence, the sole principle of force, whether 
between the said Governments or between their Subjects, shall Ive 
that of doing each other reciprocal service, and of tefltif3ring by 
/unalterable good will the mutual affection with which they ought 
' to be animated, to consider themselves all as members of one and 
the same Christian nation ; the three allied Princes looking on 
themselves as mei'ely delegated by Providence to govern three 
branches of the One family, namely, Austria, Prussia, and 
Russia, thus confessing that the Christian world, of which they 
and their people form a part, has in reality no other Sovereign 
than Him to whom alone jKiwer really belongs, because in Him 
alone are found all the treasures of love, science, and infinite 
wisdom, that is to say, God, our Divine Saviour, the Word of the 
Most High, the Word of Life. Their Majesties consequently re- 
commend to their people, with the most tender solicitude, as the 
sole means of enjoying that Peace which arises from a good 
conscience, and which alone is durable, to strengthen themselves 
every day more and more in the principles and exercise of th« 
duties which the Divine Saviour has taught to mankind. 

Accession of Foreign Powers. 

Art. 111. All the Powers who shall choose solemnly to avow 
1 he sacred principles which have dictated the present Act, and 
shall acknowledge how important it is for the happiness of 
nations, too long agitated, that these truths should hencefoi-th 
iTioifise over the destinies of mankind all the influence which 
belongs to them, will be received with eqnal ardour and affection 
into this Holy Alliance. 

318 



Ih'^'j irSTRIA, PRUSSIA, AND RUSSIA. [26 Sept, 1815. 

[Holy Alliance.] 

Done in triplicate, and signed at Paris, the year of Grace 1815, 
iith September. 

(L.S.) FRANCIS. 

(L.S.) FREDERICK WILLIAM. 

(L.S.) ALEXANDER. 



Pt 18 stated in --Martens' Treaties" that the greator part uf 
SieCtristian Powers acceded to this Treaty. Franco acceded to 
itin 1815; the Netherlands and AVurtcinlx-Mf^ did so in 181C; 
tBdSttony, Switzerhuid. and the Ilansc Towns in 1817. But 
■either the Pope nor the Sultan were invited to accede.] 

The following is a copy of the Invitation sent to the Prince 
1^1 (3f Great Britain to accede; and of His Royal Ilighness's 
npiy. 



{^*y-The Sovereigns of Austria^ Pru.'isliK ami Rnssla to t/t*' Prince 
liefjetit of Great Britdln, 

(Translation.) Parls^ 2i]th St-pfemher, Iftl.'i. 

8b our Brother and Coi'siy, 

The events which have afflicted the world f<^r more than 
* JWTB have convuiced us tliat the only means of putting 
•n end to them is to be found in the most free and most intimate 
Pnbn between the Sovereigns whom Divine Providence has placed 
^^ the heads of the Peoples of Europe. 

The hbitory of the three memorable years which are about 
^PW8 away, bear witness to the beneficial offe<ts of which this 
'"'^has been for the good of mankind ; but in order to assuiv 
^^isbond the solidity which the grandeur and the purity of the 
^ to which it tends imperiously demands, wo have thought it 
should be founded on the sacred principles of the Christian Religion. 

^pply convinced of this important tmth, we have concludeil 
*nd signed the Act which we now submit to the considemtion of 
y^Hirfioyal Highness. Your Royal Highness may be assured 
tn*t its object is to strengthen the relations which ujlite us, in 
fflnning of all the nations of Christendom one single Family, and 
^wjuting them by this, under the protection of th(» Ahnighty, 
"*PPw>e88, security, the benefits of peace, and the bonds oi 
'^"sternity for ever indissoluble. We dc»eply re^rictted that your 
^^ Highness was not united with us at the imjM^i-tant moment 
^hen we concluded this transaction. AVe invite j-ou, as our first 
'^^nioHt intimate Ally, to apn"ee with it. and t<» complete a work 

319 



26 Sept, 1815.] AU5TBU, PRr&SIA, A>D RUSSIA. [Ho. 36 

[Holy AlliAnoe.] 

Bing^ularly consecrated to the good of mankiiid, and which we 
ought to consider the best reward for our efforts. 

FR-\NCIS. 

FREDERICK ^VILUAM. 

ALEXANDER. 
Our Brother and Con^in^ 

The Prince Regent of Great Britain. 



(2.)— 7^« Prince Regent of Great Britain to the Sovereigns of 
A ustria^ Prussia^ and Russia^ respectively, 

Carlton House. Oth October^ 1815. 
Sir sct Brother akd Cocsix, 

I HAVE had the honour of receiving your Imperial Majesty's 
letter, together with the copy of the Treaty signed by your 
Majesty and your august Allies, at Puns, on the 26th of September. 
As the forms of the British Constitution, which I am called upon 
to administer ia the name and on the behalf of the King, my father, 
preclude me from acceduig formally to this Treaty, in the shape in 
which it has been presented to me, I adopt this course of conveying 
to the august Sovereigns who have signed it, my entire concurrence 
in the principles they have laid down, and in the declaration which 
they have set forth, of making the Divine Precepts of the Christian 
Religion the invariable rule of their conduct, ia all their relations, 
social and political, and of cementing the union which ought ever 
to subsist l)etween all Christian Nations ; and it will be always my 
earnest endeavour to regulate my conduct, in tlie station in 
which Divine Providence has vouchsafed to place me, by these 
sacred maxims, and to co-operate with my august Allies in all 
measures which may be likely to contribute to the peace and 
happiness of mankind. 

With the most invariable sentiments of friendship and affection, 
I am, 

Sir, my Brother and Cousin, 
Your Imperial Majesty's 
good Brother and Cousin, 
His Imperial Majestif GEORGE, P.R. 

The Emperor of Austria. 
(Prussia and Russia respectively.) 

[This Alliance was referred to in the Circular addressed by 
Austria, Prussia, and Russia to Foreign Courts, dated Troppau, 
8th December, 1820.] { t^i^ 



820 



Jb.3P PRUSSIA AND HESSE CASSEL. [16 Oct, 1815. 

[Territorial.] 

lO. Sfl^TERRITORIA L TREA TV between Prussia and 
Emt-Caml. Signed at Cassel, 16//* October^ 1815.* 

ill Table. 

BrannUe. Beferenoe to Vienna CoDgrcf s Treaty of 9ih June, 1815. 
L Coaioni bj Prussia to Hesse- Cassel. 

tOmifomhj Messe-Cassel to Prussia and Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach. 
t hnka Indemmty to the Landgrave of Hesse-Rothenburg, 
4 IndeBnitiM to the LandgraTC of Hesse-Roihenhurg and to the Elector of 

Sme. 
& ft^oIatioDfl in regard to the Cessions by Hesse- CasseJ to Saxe-Weitnar' 

Siiouei. 
& llw Beetor of Hesse resumes possession of Lengsfeld, kc, 
1 Riiun Indemnities of a Part of the Department of Fulda. 
& Iiq|iiidation of the Indemnities. Contribution!!. 
& Qiili(tf the Central Functionaries. 
MtBdae Tolls. 
Q-lMBerenues. 
11 IWU Sights. 
l&lbitgH^ Debts. 
14 Vnliqaidated Debts, 
tt inm of Interest. 
K Into and Pensions. 
v. OoDmnnal Debts and Charges. 

VL leititation of the four Bailiwicks of Hanau to the Elector of Hesse, 
Abdemnity to the Landgrave of Hesse-Rot?ienlurg for the Domanial 

Bercnue. 
A Mode of this Indemnification. 
^ BoHeniona of which the Borenuo will fumiith the Indemnity to the 

iMxtdgnre of Hesse'RoiheHlurg. 
^ Mode of Possessing the Indemnity. 
^ Siflcntion of the Convention. 
H (kni Functionaries in Office. 

^ Ttlidity of the Arrangements made before the let of August. 
^ GeMioin of the Arrears of Taxes to the new Possessors. 
^» Xnuisfer of the Military to the new Sovereign. 
^ IClitaxy Boutes for Prussia. 
^ Charantee by Prussia in favour of the Elector of Hesse and the Grand 

Dnke of Saxe- Weimar. 
K^ Iichaiige of Hatifications. 

(Translation.) 
^ftoable. Reference to Vienna Congress Treaty ofdth June^ 1815. 
In the name of the Most Holy and Indivisible Trinity. 
His Majesty the Kuig of Prussia and His Royal Highness 
tte Elector of Hesse, on both sides inclined to facilitate the 

• See al?o Treaty of 21tU Mnnli, 181G. 

\l21 Y 



16 Oct., 1815.] PRUSSIA AND HESSE-CASSEL. [No. 37 

[Territorial.] 

aiTangeiiieiits in Noi-th Germany, found to be necessary in con- 
Boquence of the transactions of the Vienna Congress (No. 27), by 
a friendly Convention on the appropriate territorial changes, have 
appointed Plenipotentiaries to agree to, determme, and sign what 
has reference thereto, that is to say : 

Ilis Majesty the King of Prussia, President Conrad Sieg- 
mund Karl von Ilanlein, his Envoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary at the Hessian and Nassau Courts, Knight of the 
Royal Prussian Order of the Red Eagle and of the Iron Cross, as 
also of the Ilesse-Cassel Order of the Golden Lion ; 

And nis Royal llighness the Elector of Hesse, Georg Ferdi- 
nand von Lepel, his Privy Councillor and Chamberlain ; 

\Mio, after having reciprocally exchanged their full powers 
with each other, and found them in good and due form, have 
Jigi-eed upon the following Articles : 

Cessions hjj Prussia to Hesse-CasseL 

Art. I. His Majesty the King of Prussia cedes to His Royal 
Highness the Elector of Hesse that part of the Department of 
Fulda which l)elonged to the former Grand Duchy of Frankfort, 
and which has been assigned to him by the Act of the Congress of 
Vienna (No. 27), with the exception, however, of the districts of 
Dormbach and Geysa, which, with their boundaries according to 
the existing territorial division, pass over to the Grand Duke of 
Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach. His Majesty also transfers to His Royal 
Highness the Elector, the Knightly Jurisdictions of Lengsfeld, 
Mannsbach, Buchenau, and Werda, with the village of Wenigen- 
taft, the possession of which he likewise obtains by the said Act 
of CongTess. His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse will have 
possession of the aforesaid provinces, districts, and places, for 
himself, his descendants, and successors, with all sovereign, 
supreme, feudal, domanial, and other rights which have been 
conveyed to His Majesty the King of Pnissia for this purpose 
by the Act of the Congress of Vienna. 

Cessions h/ Ilesse-Cassel to Prussia and Saxe- Weimar- Eisenach.^ 

Art. II. His Royal Highness the Elector of Hesse, on the 
other hand, cedes to His Majesty the Kuig of Prussia, bis 
descendants, and successors, the Lower County of Catzeneln- 
bogen, the Lordship of Plessen, including the Monastery of 
Ilockelheim, the Bailiwicks of Neuenglcichen, Uechte, Auburg, 
• See also Art. VI. 
322 



lot 37] PEUSSU AND UESSE-CASSEL. [16 Oct., 1815. 

[Territorial.] 

yd FreudeDberg, and the Provostship of OolliiigCD, with all 
nmeiga^ supreme, fcadal^ domanial, and other riglit.^, which His 
Qgboeat possessed therein, or as appcitaining thereto, on the 
litrf AagQst this year. In exactly the same manner, ho cedes 
to ffis Boyal Uighness tiie Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar- 
BMudi, his descendants and successors, the Bailiwick of 
AwDsee, indoding Gosperoda, the Jurisdiction of Volkershausen, 
Utt Jurisdiction of Lengsfeld, the Bailiwick of Vacha, including 
tk town of Vacha, with the Prefecture of Kreuzl)erg, but except- 
i^ the districts of Kreuzberg, Philip{)sthal, Thalhausen, Nippen, 
fflhrtahausen, Bohrich, and Unter-Neurode ; of the Baihwick of 
hiidewald, the districts of Dippach, Gesterode, Vitzerode, and 
Aktarode, and the village of Wcnigentaft. 

PnsMH Indemnity to the Landgrave of Hesse- Rothenhurg. 

kxt. III. His Boyal Highness the Elector of Hesse agrees, 
Ait Hit Majesty the King of Prussia may, by a free Convention 
*Wi tibe Landgrave of Hesse-Rothenburg,* obtain the everlasting 
oi inievocable free property in all those rights and emoluments 
*lw4 be may have possessed on the 1st of August this year by 
'■toe of the family Treaties, in the possessions or their appurte- 
'^•DceB to be transferred to him according to the preceding 
Artide. His Majesty the King of Prussia, on the other hand, 
''J'fcrtakcs the full guarantee that on the part of the Tjandgrave 
^Hesse-Rothenburg no objection shall be raised against the 
y^ agreed to by His Royal Highness the Elector, accord- 
^ to the preceding Article. 

Abt. IV. Indemnities to the Landgrave of Ilesse-Ilvthenlnrg and 
^^^ Elector of Hesse for loss of lievenve, 

Stipulations in regard to the Cessions hg nesse-Caasel to Saxe- 
Weimar-FAscnach, 

Am. V. The cession to Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach described in 
^Jcle II is to be considered as an exchange of equal popu- 
****on for equal jiopulation founded ujKjn equal reciprocal 
^^^<^ity. His Royal Highness the Elector will therefore select 
*^ like number of people in the Fulda districts situated next 
^ the Weimar territory, as full compensation for that cession, 

• See also Treaty between Prussia and Hesse-Rothcnburg, of the same 
"■**• Appendix. 

823 Y 2 



16 Oct., 1815.] PRUSSIA AND HESSE-CASSEL. [No. 37 

[Territorial.] 

and no account is to be taken of loss of revenue in regard 
thereto. His Royal Highness the Grand Duke will contribute 
in the same proportion to all obligations resting upon the 
whole foimer Grand Duchy of Frankfort, as well as upon its 
department of Fulda specially, and which are transferred to the 
present or future possessors of territorial shares belonging 
thereto, as if he had actually received in Fulda the whole of 
the 27,000 inhabitants assigned to him by the Act of Con- 
gress. On the other hand. His Royal Highness the Elector 
will only take part in those obligations to such extent as if he 
were merely possessor of that part of the district of Fulda 
assigned to Prussia which would remain after the deduction of 
the said 27,000 inhabitants. 

The Elector of Hesse resumes Possession of Lengsfeld^ ^c. 

Art. VI. The Knightly Jurisdictions of Lengsfeld, Manns- 
bach, Buchenau, and Werda, with the village of Wenigentaft, 
have only passed out of the possession of Hesse-Cassel again in 
consequence of the troubles of war. The re-possession of them 
shall therefore be considered as a simple restitution, and there- 
fore the revenue from them is not to be reckoned as a compensa- 
tion for cessions made by Hesse- Cassel according to Article 11. 

Pnissian Jndemnities to consist of a Part of the Department of 

Fulda. 

Akt. VII. The indemnity assigned by Prussia to Hesse- 
Cassel and Hesse-Rothenburg for the cessions to be made to her 
according to Articles II and III consists, therefoi-e, of that part 
of the district of the department of Fulda ceded to Hesse-Cassel 
according to Article I which remains after the deduction of the 
compensation for the cession to Weimar according to Ai'ticle V. 

Art. VIII. Liquidation of the Indemnities. Contributions* 

Art. IX. Costs of the Central Functionaries. 

Art, X. Ehine Tolls. 

Art. XL Postal Revenues. 

Art. XII. Feuded Eights. 

Art XIII. Mortgaged Debts. 

Art XIV. Unliquidated Debts. 

Art. XV. Arrears of Interest. 

Art. XVI. Rents and Pensions. 

Art. XVII. Communal Debts and Charge.^. 
824 



I0.3n PBUSSIA AND IlESSE-CASSEL. [16 OcL, 1815. 

[Territorial.] 

BettihUioH of the Four Bailiwicks of Hannu to the Elector of 
Hesse, 

Aw. XVIIL His Majesty the King of Prussia undertakes, 

io coQCorreiioe with his High Allies, to take immediately the 

aort effectual measures, and to conthmc them without inter- 

luntil the end is fully attained, to reinstate His Royal 

the Elector of Hesse in possession of the four Hanau 

Wiwicks of Babenhausen, Dorheim, Rodheim, Ortenberg, and 

tie Communities, in the same state as before the hostile occu- 

P>fcnin the year 1806, as soon as possible. To facilitate the 

Proceedings, it has been agreed that His Royal Highness will 

\ •ooBpt a full compensation for the bailiwick of Babenhausen, and 

^ the most extreme case also for the bailiwicks of Ortenberg 

^ Bodheim and the Communities. This comi)ensation, how- 

*^'^, can only consist of lands and people, with full sovereignty 

^'•d 8ai»emacy, and cannot be settled otherwise than with his 

**tt and free concurrence. 

-Abt. XIX. Indemnity to the Landgrave of Hesse- Rothenhurg for 
•* Jhmanial Revenue, 

Abt. XX. Mode of this Indemnification, 

Abt. XXI. Possessions of which the Revenue will fumiah the 
^^^Meamity to the Landgrave of Hesse-Rothenburg, 
Abt. XXII. Mode of Possessing the Indemnity, 
Abt. XXIII. Execution of the Convention, 
Abt. XXIV- Civil Functionaries in Office, 
Abt. XXV. Validity of the Arrangements made before the 1st of 



Abt. XXVI. Cession of the Arrears of Taxes^ ^c, to the new 

9it880r8, 

Abt. XXVII. Transfer of the Military to the new Sovereign, 
Abt. XXVIII. Military Routes for Prussia, 
Abt. XXIX. Guarantee by Prussia in favour of the Elector oj 
^=^<eMe and the Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar, 
Abt. XXX. Exchange of Ratifications, 

In witness whereof the Plenipotentiaries on both sides have 
^^gned this Treaty, and have affixed to it the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Cassel, the 16th of October, 1815. 

(L.S.) CONRAD SIEGMUND CARL VON ILANLEIN. 
(LS.) GEORG FERDINAND VON LEPEL. 

325 



3 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 38 

[Defence of Ketherlands, Switzerland, Germany, &c.] 



No. QS.— PROTOCOL of Conference between Great Britain, 
Austria^ Prussia , and Russia y respecting the TerHtonal 
Arrangements, and Defensice Si/stem of the Germanic 
Confedei'ation. Pans, 3rd Novemher^ 1815.* 

[Referred to in Documents Nos. 43 and 48.] 

Abt. Table. 

A. Provisions respecting the Cessions to be nuule by France. 

1. Kingdom of the Low Countries (Netherlands) ^ PhilippeviUef Marten- 

hur^y &c. Pecuniary Indemnity towards their Defence. Pecuniary 
Indemnities to Austria and Prttssia. 

2. Acquisitions of Prussia. Fortress of Sarre-LouiSj Ac. 

3. Acquisitions of Austria. Town and Fortress of Landau. 

4. Helvetic Confederation. Versoy and part of the Pays de Gex to be 

added to Geneva. Neutrality of ^Switzerland to indudo Territory 
from Ugina to Lake of B our yet {Upper Savoy). 
6. Sardinia. Part of Savoy to be given to Sardinia and part to Geneva, 
Proposed Cessions to Geneva. Custom Houses. Pecuniary Indemnity 
to Sardinia. Pecuniary Indemnities to Austria and Prussia. 

B. Provisions respecting the Tectorial Arrangements in 
Germany, Austria, and Prussia. 

6. Cession to King of Prussia in Department of I^a Sarre. 

7. Arrangements relating to Bavaria. 

8. Austrian Cessions to Grand Duke of Hesse. 

9. Austrian Cession to Bavaria. 

C. Defensive System of the Germanic Confederatioiu 

10. Mayence. Luxemhury. Landau. Distribution of Sums of Money to 

be devoted to the Defensive System of Germany. 

11. Protocol to have same force as a Convention. 

Annexes, 
Austrian Cessions to Prussia. 
Arrangement with Bavaria, 
Territorial Transfers by the Grand Duke of Darmstadt, 

[Translation.f] 
Thb Ministers of the Imperial and Royal Comis of Austria, of 
Russia, of Great Britain, and of Prussia, having taken into consi- 
deration the measures become necessary by those an-angements 
with France which are to terminate the pivsent War, have agreed 
to lay down, in the present Protocol ; — 

• Initialed on the 3rd, and Signed on tlie 20tli November, 1813. 
t For Frerch Version, see " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 234. 

326 



Ho. 38] aREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [3 Nov., 1815. 

[Defenoa of Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, &o.] 

1. The dispositions relative to the tenitorial cessions to bo 
made by France, and to the contributions destined for strengthen- 
ing the line of defence of the bordering States. 

2. Provisions relating to certain changes of Territory in 
Gennany. 

3. Those which relate to the system of Defence of the Ger* 
manic Confederation, 

A. Provisions respecting the Cession to be made by France. 
Kingdom of the Low Countries {Netherlands), Philippeville^ Marieu' 

bitrg^ ^c. 
Art. I. Considering that Ilis Majesty the King of the Low 
Countries ought to participate in a just proportion in the advan- 
ta^s resulting from the prt3sent arrangement with France, and 
considering the state of his Frontiers on the side of that country, 
it is agreed, that the Districts which fonned part of the Belgic 
Provinces, of the Bishopric of Liege, and of the Duchy of Bouillon, 
as well as the towns of Philippevillo and Marienburg, \vith their 
Territories, which France is to cede to the Allies, shall be assigned 
to His Majesty the King of the Low Countries, to be united to his 
dominions. 

Pecuniary Indemnity towards Defence of the Loio Countries. 

His Majesty the King of the Low Countries shall receive, 
moreover, out of that part of the French contribution which is 
destined towards strengthening the line of Defence of the States 
bordering upon France, the sum of 60,000,000 of Francs, which 
shall be laid out in fortifying the Frontiers of the Low Countries, 
in confonnity with the plans and regulations which the Powers 
shall settle in this i*espect. 

Pecuniary Indemnities towards Austria and Prussia. 
It is besides agreed, that in consideration of the advantages 
which IDs Majesty the King of the Low Countries will derive 
from those dispositions, both in the increase of, and in the means 
for defending his territory, that that proportion of the Pecuniary 
Indemnity payable by France to which His said Majesty might 
lay claim shall sei-ve towards putting the Indenmities of Austria 
and Prussia on the level of a just proportion. 

Acquisitions of Prussia. Fortress of Sarre-Louis^ ^c. 
Art. II. The districts which, by the new Treaty with Franco, 

327 



3 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. [Ho. 3 

[Defence of Netherlands, Switaerland, Oermany, te.] 

will be detached from the French territory in the department « 
tlie Sarre and the Moselle, including the Fortress of Sarre-Loui 
shall be united to the dominions of the King of Pnissia.* 

Acquisitions of Austria. Town and Foi'tress of Landauj\ 
Art. III. The tenitories which France is to cede in the depar 
nient of the Lower Rhine, including the Town and Fortress < 
Landau,t shall be united to those possessions on the left bank < 
the Rhine which devolve to His Imperial and Royal Apostol 
Majesty by the Fuial Act of the Congress of Vienna (No. 27). K 
Majesty may dispose of his possessions on the left bank of tl 
Rhine, hi the territorial arrangements with Bavaria, and ofch- 
States of the Germanic Confedenition.* 

Helvetic Confederation. Versoy and part of the Pays de Oex to 
added to Geneva. 
Art. IV. Versoy, with that part of the Pays de Gex which is 
be ceded by France, shall be united to Switzerland, and form p& 
of the Canton of Greneva. 

Neutrality of Switzerland to include Territory from Upper Sawnf 
Ugina to Lake of Bourget. 
The Neutrality of Switzerland shall be extended to that terr 
toiy, which is placed north of a Une to be drawn from Ugii 
(including that Town) to the south of the Lake of Annecy, ai 
from thence to the Lake of Bourget, as far as the Rhone (No. 43 
in the same manner as it has been extended to the Provinces 
Chablais and Faucigny by Article XCII of the Final Act of tl 
Congress of Viemia (No. 27). 

Sardinia. Pari of Savoy to be given to Sat^inia and part to Genet 
Art. V. In order that His Majesty the King of Sardinia mi 
participate, in a just proportion, in the advantages resulting frc 
tlie present arrangement with France, it is agreed, that the porti< 
of Savoy which remained to France in virtue of the Treaty of Pai 
of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), shall be united (reunis) to the don 
nions of His said Majesty, with the exception of the Comma 
of St. Julian, which shall be given up to the Canton of Geneva^ 

Proposed Cessions to Geneva. 
The Cabinets of the Allied Courts will use their good oflSces I 

* S^ec Ti*enty between Great Britain, AuBtria, &o., of 20th July, 1819. 
t Sec Article VII, § d, and note, p. 5. 

328 



Ho. 38J GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [3 Nov., 1815. 

[IMtoee of Netherlands, Switeerland, Oermany, Ac] 

inducing His Sardinian Majesty to cede to the Canton of Geneva 
the Communes of Chesne, Thonex, and some others necesHarj- for 
diaoigaging the Swiss territory of Jussy from the effects of the 
letroceesion, by the Canton of Geneva, of that territoiy situated 
between the road of Euron and the Lake, which had Ijeen ceded by 
His SanHnian Majesty, by the Act of the 29th March, 1815 

(Ha 10). 

Cust'jm Houses. 

The French Government having consented to withdraw its 
fines of custom and excise from the frontiers of Switzerland, on 
the side of the Jura, the Cabinets of the Allied Powere will employ 
their good offices for inducing His Sardinian Majesty to withdraw 
b like manner, his lines of custom and excise, on the side of 
Savoy, at least upwards of a league from the Swiss frontiers, and 
(»i the outside of the great road of Saleve, ami of the mountains of 
Sion and Waache. 

Pecuniary Indemnity to Sardinia. 

Bis Majesty the King of Sardinia shall receive, moreover, out 

^ that part of the French contribution which is destined for tho 

*^^gthening of the line of Defence of the States bordering uix)n 

."'^iKie, the sum of 10,000,000 of Francs, which is to be laid out 

^ fortifying his frontiers, in conformity with the plans and regu- 

^^oUq which the Powers shall settle in this respect. 

Pecuniary Indemnities to Austria and Prussia, 
It is likewise agreed, that, in consideration of the advantages 
l^^ch His Sardinian Majesty will derive from these dispositions, 
^P"Ui in the extension and in the means for defending his territory, 
^^t part of the pecuniary Indemnity payable by France, to which 
5^* Bdd Majesty might lay claim, shall serve towards putting the 
^^^mnities of Austria and Prussia on the level of a just pro- 

«^t^OIL 

**• t^rwisions respecting the Territorial Arrangements in Germany^ 
A ustria^ and Prussia. 

Cessions by Austria to Pinissia in Department of La Sarre, 
Abt. VL His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty shall cede 
to His Majesty the King of Prussia, in the department of La Sarre, 
^e districts shown in the annexed Schedule. His Majesty the 
^g of Prussia engages on his part to satisfy the Grand Dukes 
^ Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Oldenburg, the Duke of Coburr, 
the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, and the Count of Papenheim 

829 ' 



3 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &o. [No. 33 

[Defence of Netherlands, Switserland, Oermany, Ac] 

will be detached from the Freuch territory in the department of 
the Sarre and the Moselle, including the Fortress of Sarre-Louis, 
shall be united to the dominions of the King of Pmssia.* 

Acquisitions of Austria. Town and Fortress of Landau,^ 
Art. III. The tenitories which France is to cede in the depart- 
ment of the Lower Rhine, including the Town and Fortress of 
Landau, t shall be united to those possessions on the left bank oT 
the Rhine which devolve to His Imperial and Royal Apostolic 
Majesty by the Fmal Act of the Congress of Vienna (No. 27). Ilifl 
Majesty may dispose of his possessions on the left bank of the 
Rhine, in the territorial arrangements with Bavaria, and other 
States of the Germanic Confederation.* 

Helvetic Confederation, Verso?/ and part of the Pays de Gex to be 
added to Geneva, 
Art. IV. Versoy, with that part of the Pays de Gex which is to 
be ceded by France, shall be miited to Switzerland, and form part 
of the Canton of Geneva. 

Neutrality of Switzerland to include Territory from Upper Savoy : 
Ugina to Lake of Bourget, 
The Neutrality of Switzerland shall be extended to that terri- 
tory, which is placed north of a line to be drawn from Ugina 
(including that Town) to the south of the Lake of Annecy, and 
from thence to the Lake of Bourget, as far as the Rhone (No. 43), 
in the same manner as it has been extended to the Provinces of 
Chablais and Faucigny by Article XCII of the Final Act of the 
Congress of Vienna (No. 27). 

Sardinia, Part of Savoy to he given to Sardinia and part to Geneva, 
Art. V. In order that His Majesty the King of Sardinia may 
participate, in a just proportion, in the advantages resulting from 
the present arrangement with France, it is agreed, that the portion 
of Savoy which remained to France in virtue of the Treaty of Paris 
of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), shall be united (reunis) to the domi- 
nions of His said Majesty, with the exception of the Commune 
of St. Julian, which shall be given up to the Canton of Geneva, 

Proposed Cessions to Geneva, 
The Cabinets of the Allied Courts will use their good oflSces for 

• Sec Treaty between Great Britain, Austria, &o., of 20th July, 1819. 
t Sec Article VII, § d, and note, p. 5. 

32« 



Ho. 38J OBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [3 Nov., 1815. 

[Defence of HetherlancUi, Switaerland, Germany, Ac.] 

inducing His Sardinian Majesty to cede to the Canton of Geneva 
the Communes of Chesne, Thonex, and some others necessary for 
disengaging the Swiss territory of Jussy from the effects of the 
retrocession, by the Canton of Geneva, of that territory situated 
between the road of Euron and the Lake, which had been ceded by 
His Sardinian Majesty, by the Act of the 29th March, 1815 
(No. 10). 

Custom Houses, 

The French Government having consent^jd to withdraw its 
lines of custom and excise from the frontiers of Switzerland, on 
the side of the Jura, the Cabinets of the Allied Powers will employ 
their good offices for inducing His Sardinian Majesty to withdraw 
in like manner, his lines of custom and excise, on the side of 
Savoy, at least upwards of a league from the Swiss frontiers, and 
on the outside of the great road of Saleve, and of the mountains of 
Sion and Waache. 

Pecuniary Indemnity to Sardinia, 

His Majesty the King of Sardinia shall receive, moreover, out 
of that part of the French contribution which is destined for the 
strengthening of the line of Defence of the States bordering upon 
France, the sum of 10,000,000 of Francs, which is to be laid out 
in fortifying his frontiers, in conformity with the plans and regu- 
lations which the Powers shall settle in this respect. 

Pecuniary Indemnities to Austria and Prussia. 
It is likewise agreed, that, in consideration of the advantages 
which His Sardinian Majesty will derive from these dispositions, 
both in the extension and in the means for defending his territory, 
that part of the pecuniary Indemnity payable by France, to which 
His said Majesty might lay claim, shall serve towards putting the 
indemnities of Austria and Prussia on the level of a just pro- 
portion. 

B. Provisions respecting the Territorial Arrangements in Germany^ 
A ustria^ and Prussia, 

Cessions by Austria to Prussia in Department of La Sarre, 
Art. VI. His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty shall cede 
to His Majesty the King of Prussia, in the department of La Sarre, 
the districts shown in the annexed Schedule. His Majesty the 
King of Prussia engages on his part to satisfy the Grand Dukes 
of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Oldenburg, the Duke of Coburr 
the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, and the Count of Papenbeim 

829 



3 Nov., 1815.] QBRAJ BRlTAiy, AU:)TBIA, Ac. [Ho. 38 

[I>«fBBee of Vetherlmnds, Switaerlaad, Qeaumw, Ite.] 

I 
conformabiT with Article LTV* of the Final Act of the Congress of 
Vienna (No. 27). 

Arrangement rtltUiwj to Bavaria, 

Art. VIL His Majesty the Emperor of all the Rossias, His 
Majesty the King of Great Britain, and Ilis Majesty the King of 
Prussia engage to ase every means to obtain for His Imperial and 
Rrjyal Aixistolic Majesty from His Majesty the King of Bavaria 
the reconveyance of the territories and the objects designated in 
the annexed S<hedule (2), in exchange f'»r the indemnity desig- 
nated in the same Schedule. They undertake at the same time 
with the Court of Bavaria to exchange with Uis Koyal Highness 
the Elector of Hesse, the districts of Aufenau, Wort, and Hochst, 
and the road from Saalmiinster to Gelnliausen for a sufficient part 
of the bailiwick of Lohrhaupten. 

In consideration of the arrangements above specified the Four 
Powers insure to His Majesty the King of Bavaria the following 
advantages : — 

a. An amount proportional to the part of the French contribu- 
tions intended to reinforce the defensive line of the frontier States, 
which amount shall be employed according to the plans and regu- 
lations which shall be generally fixed in this matter. 

h. The Reversion of the part of the Palatinate belonging to the 
House of Baden, after the extinction of the direct line of the 
reigning Grand Duke. 

e, A military road from Wurzbm-g to Frankenthal. 

Landau to he a Fortress of the Germanic Confederation, Bavaria 
to have Right to Garrison. 

<L The right of garrison in the fortified Town of Landau, 
which will be one of the Fortresses of the Germanic Confederation. 

These Articles will be regarded as fully obligatory as soon as 
the Court of Bavaria shall have declared its adhesion to the 
arrangements specified above.f 

The Countries devolved to His Imperial and Royal Apostolic 
Majesty under Article LI of the Final Act of the Congress of 
Vienna (No. 27), and of which His Majesty can dispose by ex- 
change with the other Princes of the Germanic Confederation, being 
still found, in spite of the representations on this subject made by 

■ • See ConTcntion of Ist July, 1816. 

t See Tre»ty between Ghwt Britain, Austria, &c., of 20th July, 1819. 

330 



No. 38] aKEAT JiRlTAlN, AUSTKLV, &c. [3 NoV., 1815. 

[Defence of Netherlands, Switzerland, Oermany, &o.] 

the Imperijil Court of Austria, pai-tly occui)ied by the Bavarian 
authoritie^«<, there will Ik* made by the Four Cabinet^=i a simul- 
taneous action against tlio IJavarian Government, in order that the 
said countries may Ije traced without delay at the free disposal of 
His Imi)erial and Royal Apostolic Majesty. 

Austridu Cessions tu Grand Dukt of Hettsc, 
Art. VIII. Austria shall cede to the Grand Duke of Hesse, as 
an indemnity for the Duchy of AVestphalia, a territory on the left 
bank of the Rhine, (^omprisin-j^ a population of 140,000 inhabi- 
tants, conformably to the Treaty l)etween Austria, Prussia, and the 
Grand Duke, of 10th June, 1815 (No, 28). The arrangements with 
the Grand Duke of Hesse shall be made according to the annexed 
S<:hedule (3), drawn up on the basis of the exchange of territrjry 
R'tween Austria and Bavaria, such as may Ix? found indicated in 
the pareding Article. 

A nutrian CeSifion to Bavaria. 
Art. IX. The Reversion of the part of the Palatinate belonging 
to the Grand Duke of Baden having l)een assured to Austria by 
the Protocol of 10th Jime, 1815,* of the Conferences of the 
Congress of Vienna, His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty is 
ready to renounce this Revei-sion in favour of His Majesty the King 
of Bavaria, in order to facilitate the an*angcment^ indicated by 
Article VII of tlu? present Protocol. The Reversion of Brisgau, 
which has also been asBurcnl to Austria by the said Protocol of 
10th June, will be carried out. 

C. Defensive St/stem of (he Germanic Confederation. 

Mat/ence^ Luxemburg, and Landau to be Fortresses of the Germanic 

Confederation. 

Art. X. The Fortresses of Mayence^ Luxemburg, and Landauf 

are declared Fortresses of the Germanic Confederation, with the 

exception of the territorial Sovereignty of the Fortresses. 

Fortress of Mai/ence. Riyht of Garrisoning Fortress. 
The PleniiK)tentiaries of Austria and Prussia, not being autho- 
rised, considering the Acts fonnerly existing, and the absence of 
their Sovereigns, to renounce the right of garrisoning the Fortress 

• By tlio Project of Convention annexed to tlu Protocol of 10th June, 
1815, the RcTersion of Brisgau, anil of tlie Pulatinatc, were secured cyentuallj 
to the lloufiic of Austria (exccptirg those parts Mrliich were ceded to Prussia). 

t Sec Tnaly between Au^*tria and Bararia of 16th April, 1816. 

331 



3 Nov., 1815.J GKEAT BKITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [No. 38 

[Defence of Netherlands, Switzerland, Germany, AcJ] 

of Mayence to one or other of their respective Courts, it is agreed 
that the militaiy service and the administration shall continue to 
subsist in that Fortress according to the actual arrangement in 
force, until the Allied Courts shall come to some definitive 
arrangement on this point. 

Fortress of Luxemburg. Bight of Garrisoning^ and of Nominating 

Governor, 
Their Majesties, the Emperor of Austria, the Emperor of 
all the Russias, and I lis Majesty the King of Great Britain, will 
employ their best offices in order to obtain for His Majesty the 
King of Prussia the i-iglit of garrisoning the Fortress of Luxem- 
burg, conjointly with His ^lajesty the King of the Netherlands, 
as well as the right of nomuiating the Governor of that Fortress. 

Fortress of Landau, Right of Garrisoning, 
The garrison of Landau shall be, until the time of its exchange, 
entirely composed of Austrian troops, and in like manner after 
the transfer it shall be in time of peace entirely composed of 
Bavarian troops. Nevertheless, in the case of war, the. Grand 
Duke of Baden shall furnish a thh*d of the garrison necessary for 
the defence of the Fortivss. 

Distribution of Sums of Money to be devoted to the Defensive System 

of Germany, 

The Powers having agi-eed to devote to the defensive system 
of Germany the sum of 60,000,000 francs, to be taken from a part 
of the French contribution destined to strengthen the line of 
Defence of the frontier States, the said sum shall be distributed 
as follows : — 

His Majesty the King of Pi-ussia shall receive 20,000,000 
Francs of it for the fortification of the Lower Rhuie ; 20,000,000 
shall be reserved for the construction of a fourth Federal Fortress 
on the Upper Rhine ; His Majesty the Kuig of Bavaria, or some 
other Sovereign of the countries bordering upon France between 
the Rhine and the Pmssian States, shall have 15,000,000 ; and 
5,000,000 shall be employed to complete the works at Mayence. 
These different sums sliall Ix? disposed of, conformably to the 
plans and regulations which shall be settled with reference to them. 

Protocol to have same force as a Convention, 
Aht. XL The present Protect;! shall have the force of a Cou- 

332 



No. 38] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, &c. [3 Nov., 1815. 

[Defence of Ketherlonds, Switzerland, Germany, &c.] 

veniion between the four Powers, until the arrangements to wliich 
they refer may be definitively completed. 

Done and signed at Paris, 3rd November, 1815.* 

WELLINGTON. RASOUMOFFSKY. 

METTERNICn. CAPO FISTRIAS. 

HARDENBERG. HUMBOLDT. 

CASTLEREAGH. ^VESSENBERG. 



{Annex 1). — Austrian Cessions to P)*ussia, 

Austria shall cede to Prussia on the left bank of the Rhine : — 

a. Saarburg, with the remainder of Conz, according to the 

limits of the Peac^ of 1814, and exclusively of Parcelles, 
on the right bank of the Moselle, which formerly 
belonged to Luxemburg. 

b. Moertzig. 

c. Wadem. 

d. Tholey. 

e. Part of Lebach according to the conditions of 1814 (No. 1). 
/. Ottweiler. 

g. St. Wendel. 

h. The remainder of Birkenfeld and Hermeskeil. 

I. The remainder of Baumholder and Grumbach. 

{Annex 2). — Arrangement with Bavaria,f 

Cessions demanded from Bavaria, 

Population, 

1. Tlio Ilausnickviertel 92,396 

2. The Innviertel 125,071 

3. The Principality of Salzburg, with the exception 

of the Bailiwicks of Waging, Tettmanning, 
Seisendorf, and Laufeii ; the thix^e last, so 
far as they are situated on the left bank of the 
Salzbach and the Saal 168,000 

4. The Tyrolese Bailiwick of Vils 946 

Total. • . . 387,013 

Ilirt Majesty the King of Bavaria would grant freedom of 
transit on the road which leads from the Tyrol to Bregenz by the 
Bavarian States, for a quantity of salt and com, to be agreed upon. 

* Iiutwlod on the 3rd, arid Signed on llio 20th November, 1815. 
t ^€f^ Tioalv be(svr.>P Arstn'ft aivJ "Rijvnria of 14Ui April, 1816. 



3 Nov., 1815.] GBEAT BBITAIN, AUSTHU, Ac. [Ho. 

[Defence of Netherlands, Switaerland, Oermany, Ac.] 

B. On the Bight Bank of the Bhine: 

The villages of Nieder-Ureel and Ober-Erlen- 

bach 1,1 

The Principality of Ysemburg 47,^ 

Total.... 201,( 
0. Tlie ownership of the Salt Mines of Kreutznadu 



336 



No. 39] OBEAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND BUSSIA. [6 Nov., 1815. 

[Ionian Islands.] 



No. 39. — TREATY between Great Britain and Anstria, 
Prussia and Russia^ respecting the Ionian Islands. Signed 
at Paris, 5th November^ 1815.* 

Abt. Tablb. 

Preamble. Troatj to form port of G-eneral Congresa Treaty of 9th June, 
1815. 

1. Independence. 

2. British Protection. Guarantee of Austria^ PrMsia, and Ruuia, 

3. Appointment of Lord High CommisBioncr by Great Britain. 

4. Constitutional Charter. 

5. British Occupation of FortresscB, &c. Military Force of the States to be 

under Onlcrs of Commander-in-Chief of British Troops. 

6. Maintenance of Fortresses. Payment of British Garrison. 

7. British Jurisdiction over Honorary and Military Bights. Trading Flag. 

Commerce with Austria, Consuls or Consular Agents only to be 
accre<lited. 

8. Acceding Powers to the Treaty. 

9. Batifications. 

(Euglish Version-t) 

In the uaine of the Most Iloly and Undidded Trinity. 

lIiB Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland, His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of 
Hungary and Bohemia, His Majesty the Emperor of all the 
Ruasias, and His Majesty the King of Prussia, animated by the 
desire of prosecuting the Negociations adjourned at the Congress* 
of Vienna, in order to fix the destiny of the Seven Ionian Islands, 
and to insure the Independence, liberty, and happiness, of the 
Inhabitants of those Islands, by placing them and their Constitu- 
tion under the immediate Protection of one of the Great Powers 
of Europe, have agreed to settle definitively, by a Special Act, 
whatever relates to this object, which, grounded upon the rights 
resulting from the Treaty of Paris of the 80th May 1814 (No. 1), 
and likewise upon the British Declarations at the period when 
the British arms liberated Cerigo, Zante, Cephalonia, Santa Maura, 
Ithaca, and Paxo, shall be considered as forming part of the 
General Treaty concluded at Vienna on the 9th June of the year 

* The Ionian Islands were unitod to Greece by the Treaty between the 5 
Powers of 14th November, 1863, and the Treaty between Qrcat Britain, 
France, Russia, and Greece of 29th NoTembor, 1864. 

t For Frenoh Version, see " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 250. 

837 z 



5 VOf^ 1B15.: GREAT VEITAIS, kc.. ASD BUSSIA. :iIo. 3i 

T'oniaw lalasdo.! 

1^15, on tfc€: te-nnfnation of the Cor.gre>« Ifo. 27 . : fc=.i in cr^aer 
to fsfrttlf: hLd *i\jrzx the said A<:t, the High C.Lirfccn:.^ Powers 
Lave u^jZLii^ved KeL:|>:«teLtiarIes ; that is to sav. 

Ilia Majesty the Kiiig of the Ur-ite-i King-dou of Gn&a: R^itAzi 
and Irelarj'L the Right Hosourable Rol«-rt StewarL Viarocijt 
Cahtlereagh. Knight of tJie M-.r-t N-jbW Order of the Garter, a 
memljer of IJja «iid Majesty's Most Honourable PHry C-TcifcoiL 
a Memljer of Parllameiit. Colonel ^'i the L-^Ldoi^'lerry Reguaent 
of Militia, and Ills ^aid Majesty's Principal Secretary of State 
for Foreign Affairs ; 

And the Most Illastrioos and M':i#t Noble Lord Artfaiir, 
Duke. Mar-jiiess and Earl of Wellingti>n, Marquee of Donro. 
Visfy/iiiit Wellington of Talavera and of Wellington, and Barou 
Douro of Welle^^ley, a member of His said Majesty's Most 
Honourable Privy (.'•^iincil. a Field-Marshal of his armies,. Colonel 
of the Koyal Hirgiinent of Horse-Guards, Knight of the Most 
Noble Order of the Garter, kc. 

And his Majesty the Eiijj>en»r of Austria, King of Hungary 
and l^jheniia, the Si«rur Cl».*inent Winceslas Lothaire, Prince of 
Mettenjich- WinnelKjurg-Ochsenhauseu. Chamberlain, Privy Coan- 
cillor of His Majesty the Ernpien »r < •! Austria, King of Hnngaiy 
and Bohemia, his Minister of State, of Conferenoea and of 
Foreign Affairs; and the Sieur John Philip Baron Wessenberg, 
Chamberlain and Privy Councillor of His Majesty the Emperor 
of Austria, King of Hungary' and Bohemia, &c. ; who, after 
having exchanged their Full Powers, found to be in good and 
due form, have agreed upon the folhjwing Articles : — 

Independence. 
Art. I. The Islands of Corfu, Cephalonia, Zante, Santa Maura, 
Ithaca, Cerigo and Paxo, with their dej)endencies, such as they 
are deBcribe<l in the Treaty betwe<»n His Majesty the Emperor of 
all the Kussias and the Ottoman Porte, of the 2l8t of March, 
1800,* shall form a single, Free and Indei)endent State, under the 
denomination of the United States of the Ionian Islands. 

British Protection, Guarantee of A usfna, Prussiay and Hussia. 
Art. II. This State shall be placed under the immediate and 
exclusive Prot<jcti(m of His Majesty the King of the United King- 
dom of Grt»at Britain and Ireland, his heirs and successors. The 

• Sec Appendix. 
338 



/ 
J 



10.38] GBEAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND RUSSIA. [5 NoY., 1815. 

[Ionian Islands.] 

other Contracting Powers do conse(|iiently renounce every right 
or particular pretention which they might have formed in respect 
to than, and foiiually guarantee all the dispositions of the present 
hnty. 

AppomtfMut of Lord High Commissioner by Great Britain, 

kxt. III. The United States of the Ionian Islands shall, with 
the approbation of the Protecting Power, regulate their internal 
ngmization ; and, in order to give Uy all the parts of this organi- 
atkm the necessary consistency and action, His Britannic Majesty 
Hl employ a particular solicitude with regard to the legislation 
nlflie general administration of those States, Ills Majesty will 
hnfore appoint a Lord Iligh Connnissioner to reside there, 
with all the necessary power and authorities for this 



Constitutional Charter. 

iir IV. In order to carry into execution, without delay the 
s^olations mentioned in the Articles preceding, and to ground 
Ae political re-organization which is actually in force, the Lord 
Hi^ Commissioner of the Protecting Power shall regulate the 
fonna of Convocation of a Legislative Assembly, of which he 
dudl cBrect the proceedings, in order to draw up a New Constitu- 
ttmal Charter for the States, which His Majesty the King of the 
Umted Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland shall be requested 
to ratify • 

Until such Constitutional Charter shall have been so drawn 
vp^ and duly ratified, the existing Constitutions shall remain in 
faroe in the different Islands, and no alteration shall be made iu 
Am, except by His Britannic Majesty in Council. 

^ih Occupation of Fortresses^ ^c. Military Force of the States 
to be under Orders of Commander-in-Chief of British Troops, 

Abt. V. In order to ensure, without restriction, to the inhabi- 
ttits of the United States of the Ionian Islands, the advantages 
BBolting from the high Protection under which these States are 
ilaced, as well as for the exercise of the rights inherent in the 
«d Protection, His Britannic Majesty shall have the right to 

• Ratified by Great Britain 26th August, 1817. 

839 z 2 



5 Nov., 1815.] GBEAT BBITAIN, &c., AND RUSSIA. [No. 30 

[Ionian Islands.] 

occupy the Fortresses and places of those States, and to maintain 
garrisons in the same. The militaiy force of the said United 
States shall also be under the orders of the Commander-in-Chief 
of the troops of His Britannic Majesty. 

Maintenance of Fortresses. Payment of British Garrison, 

Art. VI. His Britannic Majesty consents, that a particular 
Convention with the Government of the said United States shall 
regulate, according to the revenues of these States, every thing 
which may relate to the maintenance of the Fortresses already 
existing, as well as to the subsistence and payment of the British 
garrisons, and to the number of men of which they shall be com- 
posed in time of peace. 

The same Convention shall likewise fix the relations which 
are to exist l>etween the said armed force and the Ionian Govern- 
ment 

Trading Flag. British Jurisdiction over Honorary and Military 
Bights. Commerce with Austria, Consuls or Consular Agents 
only to be accredited. 

Art. VII. The trading Flag of the United States of the 
Ionian Islands shall be acknowledged by all the Contracting 
Parties as the Flag of a Free and Independent State. It shall carry 
with the colours and above the armorial bearings thereon dis- 
played before the year 1807, such other as His Britannic Majesty 
may think proper to grant, as a mark of the Protection under 
which the said Ionian States are placed; and for the more 
effectual furtherance of this Protection, all the ports and har- 
bours of the said States are hereby declared to be, with respect to 
Honorary and Military rights, within British jurisdiction. The 
Commerce between the United Ionian States and the dominions 
of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty shall enjoy the 
same advantages and facilities as that of Great Britain with 
the said United States. None but Commercial Agents, or Consuls, 
charged solely with the carrying on Commercial relations, and 
subject to the regulations to which Commercial Agenta or Consuls 
are subject in other Independent States, shall be accredited to the 
United States of the Ionian Islands. 

Acceding Powers to the Treaty. 
Art. VIII. All the Powers which signed the Treaty of Paris 

340 



No. 39] GEBAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND RUSSIA. [5 Nov., 1816. 

[Xonian Islands.] 

of the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1), and the Act of the Congress 
of Vienna of the 9th of June, 1815 (No. 27) ; and also His 
Majesty the King of the Two Sicilies* and the Ottoman Porte,! 
shall be invited to accede to the present Convention. 

EatificaiioTis. 

Art. IX. The present Act shall be ratified, and the Ratifications 
shall be exchanged in two months, or sooner, if possible. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and have affixed thereimto the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 5th day of November, in the year of Oar 
Lord 1815. 

(L,S.) CASTELREAGH. 
(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 
(L.S.) METTERNICfL 
(L.S.) WESSENBERG. 

* The Independence of the Ionian Islands was recognized by Sicily in 
the Commercial Ck>nTention with Great Britain of 26th September, 1816. 
t The Ratification of the Ottoman Porte was dated 24tli April, 1819. 



341 



[20 Nov., 1815. ORBAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. 110.40] 
[Sad Peaoe of Paris.] 



No. 4,0.— DEFINITIVE TREA TY of Peace between Gmd 
Britain^ Austria, Prussia^ and Russia^ ayid France. 8ig»d 
at Pains, 20th November, 1815.* 

[See special references to this Treaty, and the Conventions an* 
nexed thereto, in the Treaty of Alliance concluded between 
the 4 Powers, on the same day.] 

Art. Tablb. 

Preamble. 

1. Frontiers of France: as in 1790, Landati, Oentiv<i, Savoy, Monaeo, 4*- 

2. Fortresses, &o., to be placed at Disposal of Allied Powers. 

3. Fortifications of Huning»en to bo Destroyed. Extension of NeutrtJity •* 

Switzerland to Part of Savoy, 

4. Indemnity to be Paid by France, 

6. Military Occupation by Allies along the Frontiers of France. 

6. Evacuation of French Territoiy. 

7. Period fixed for Emigration and Disposal of Property by Reside**** • 

Ceded Territories. 

8. Ceded Countries, Application of Treaty of SOth May, 1814, to ] 

Treaty. 

9. Conventions of Claims. 

10. Restoration of Prisoners. 

11. Maintenance of Treaty of SOth May, 1814, and Final Act of ' 

Congress of 9th June, 1815. 

12. Ratifications. 

[For Annexes see Nos. 41^ 42, 45, and 46.] 

(English Version.!) 

In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Treaty. 

Thk Allied Powers having by their united efforts, and by *r 
success of their arms, preserved France and Europe from ***^ 
convulsions with which they were menaced by the late eP*^ 
prise of Napoleon Bonaparte,J and by the revolutionary sys*^ 
reproduced in France, to promoto its success; participating * 
present with His Most Christian Majesty in the desire to 00^^ 

* Spain acceded to this Treaty as well as to the Conventions miles'^ 
thereto by an Act dated 8th June, 1817, and by the Treaty of lOth June, 181^- 

The Stipulations of the Convention upon this subject, concluded mi tk* 
same day, between Austria, Prussia, and Russia, and France, were, r r ta tf * 
the same as those of this Treaty. 

t For French Version, see " Stat« Papers," vol. iii, p. 280. 

X Bonaparte escaped from Elba on the night of the 26th of February, 181S, 
and landed in France on the Ist of March. 

342 



[No. 40 GEEAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. 20 NOY., 1815.] 
[8nd Peace of Paris.] 

soUdate, by maintaining inviolate the Royal authority, and by 
restoring the operation of the Constitutional Charter, the order 
of things which had been happily re-established iu France, as 
also in the object of restoring between France and her neighbours 
those relations of reciprocal confidence and goodwill which the 
fatal effects of the Revolution and of the system of Conquest had 
for so long a time disturbed : persuaded, at the same time, that 
tliis last object c^n only be obtained by an arrangement framed 
to secure to the Allies j>roper indemnities for the past and solid 
guarantees for the future, they have, in concert with His Majesty 
the King of France, taken into consideration the means of giving 
effect to this arrangement ; and being satisfied that the Indemnity 
due to the Allied Powers cannot be either entirely Territorial or 
entirely Pecuniary, without prejudice to France in the one or other 
of her essential interests, aiid that it would be more fit to com- 
bine both the modes, iu order to avoid the inconvenience which 
would result, were either resorted to separately, their Imperial 
and Royal Majesties have adopted this basis for their present 
transactions ; and agreeing alike as to the necessity of retaining 
for a fixed time in the Frontier Provinces of France, a certain 
number of allied troops, they have determined to combine their 
different arrangements, founded upon these bases, in a Definitive 
Treaty. For this purpose, and to this effect, Ilis Majesty the 
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, for 
himself and his Allies on the one part, and Ills Majesty the King 
of France and Navarre on the other part^ have named their Pleni- 
potentiaries to discuss, settle and sign the said Definitive Treaty ; 
namely. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Robert Stewart 
Visamnt Castlereagh, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the 
Garter, His said Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign 
Affairs, &c. ; and the Most Illustrious and Most Noble Lord Arthur, 
Duke, Marquess, and Earl of Wellington, Marquess of Douro, 
Viscount Wellington, of Talavera and of Wellington, and Baron 
Douro of Wellesley, a Member of His said Majesty's Most 
Honorable Privy Council, a Field Marshal of his Armies, Colonel 
of the Royal Regiment of Horse Guards, Knight of the Most 
Noble Order of the Garter, &c. ; 

And His Majesty the King of France and of Navarre, the 
Sieur Armand Emanuel du Plessis Richelieu, Duke of Richelieu, 
Peer of France, First Gentleman of ^he Chamber of His Most 

848 



20 Nov., 1815.] aBEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 40 
[2nd Peace of Paria.] 

ChriHtian Majesty, his Minister and Secretary of State for 
Foreign Affairs, and President of the Council of his Ministers, ike. 

Who having" exchanged their Full Powers, found to be in 
good and due form, have signed the following Articles : — 
Frotitiirs of France: as tn 1790.* 

Art. I. The Frontiers c»f France shall bo the same u ikj 
were in the year 1790, save and jvcce])t the modi ficatioitfa one 
side and on the other, which are detailed in the present Artkk 
Fort r CHS of Philippeville and Marienhonrg^ ^-c. 

1st, on the Noi-them Frontiers the line of demarcation shitt 
rcmain as it was fixed by the Treaty of Paris (No. 1), as far u 
opiK)site \aj Quicvrain, from tlience it shall follow the ancient limits 
of the Belgiiui Provuices, of the late Bishopric (►f Liege, andoCthfl 
Duchy of Bouilh^n, as they existed in the year 1790, leaving tlie 
Territories included within that line(c/*c/t/iv/*), of Philippeville and 
Marienbm'g, with the Fortit^sses so called, together with the 
whole of the Duchy of Bouillon without the Frontiers of FnuMS. 
From Villers, near Orval, upon the confines of the Depaitmoit 
Des Ardennes, and of the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, asfvtf 
Peile, upon the great road leading from Thionville to Treves, the 
line shall remain as it was laid down by the Treaty of Paris (NoAV 
Fnjm Perle it shall pass by Lauensdorff, Walwich, Schardorfi 
Niederveiling, Pellweiler (all these places with their Buulieueft or 
dejiendencies remaining to France) to Ilouvre; and shall follow 
from thence the old limits of the District {Pays) of Sarrebnick, 
leaving Sarrelouis and the course of the Sarre, together with the 
places situated to the right of the line above-descrilied, and their 
Biuilieues or dependencies without the limits of France. From 
the limits of the district of SaiTcbruck the line of demarcation 
shall lx> the same which at present seininites from Germany, the 
departments of the Moselle and of the Lower Rhine, as far as to 
the Lauter, which River shall from thence seiTe as the Frontier 
imtil it falls into the Rhine. 

Fortress of Landau^ ^-cf 

All the territory on the left bank of the Lauter, including the 
Fortress of Landau, shall ff»rm pail of Germany. The Town of 

* See Map facing page 350. 

t See Treaties between Pruwia and Nctherlauds, of 8th NovembcT, 1816 ; 
Gri'ut Britain and NotherhuuU, of 16tli November, 1816; Austria and 
Netherlandft, of 12th March, 1817 ; and Ruitsia and Netlierbinde, of 17th 
Ap.i!, 1817- 

344 



No. 40] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1816. 
[Snil Feaoe of Paris.] 

Weiseenburg, however, thivMigh which tho River runs, Hhall 
remain entirely tt) Friiiuro, with a ray»m mi the left luuik, n4)t 
exceedlug 1,000 toist-s, and whirh shall Ik3 nioiv particularly 
determined by the Coniniissioners who shall Ix; charged with the 
api>roachiiig designation of the I^mndaries. 

2ndly,* leaving the mouth of the Lauter, and <*ontinuing along 
the departments of the Lower Rhino, the Upi^er Rhine, theDoubs, 
ind the Jura to the Oanton de Vaud, the Frontiers shall remain as 
fixed by the Treaty < >f Paris (No. 1). The Thnhrrg . .f the Rhine shall 
form the Boundary l)etweon France and the States of Gennany, 
bat the profierty of the Islands shall remain in jx^qKMuity, as it 
ihall be fixe«l by a new survey of the course of that river, and 
oontiDae ujichanginl whatever variation that c(jurso may undergo 
iatbe lapse of time. Conuiiissioncrs shall Ix* named on Ixjth 
■dn,by the High Cimtracting Parties, within tho spJicre of three 
nUDth, to proceed uiH)n the said survey. One half of the bridge 
teween Strasbm-g and Kehl shall l^elong to France, and tho 
otter half to the Grand Duchy of Baden. 

Srdly, in oi-der to establish a diivi-t communication between 
the Canton of Geneva and Switzerland, that part of the Pays de 
Gex, bounded on the east by the Lake Ixnnau; on the south, 
by the territory of the Canton of Geneva; on the north, by that 
of the Canton de Vaud ; on the west, by the course of the Ver- 
floix, and by a line which comprelK»nda the Communes of Collex- 
Bossy, and Meyriji, leaving the Commune of Feniey to France, 
dull be ceded to the Helvetic Confer lerac}-, in order to be united 
to the Canton of Genevju The line of the French Custom-houses 
shall be placed to the west of the Jura, so that the whole of the 
Pays de Gex shall be without that line. 

4thly, from the fiMiitiers of the Canton of Geneva, as far as 
the Mediterranean, the lino of demarcation shall bo that which 
in the year 1790 separated France^ from Sav(>y and from the 
Goanty of Nice. 

Monaco^ 4'C, 

The Rt^ations which the Ti-eaty of Paris of 1814 (No. 1) had 
re-established l.x»tween France and the Principality of Monaco 
shall cease for ever, and the same Relations shall exist between 
that Principality and TTis Majesty the King of 8ardinia.f 

* See CoDreiitions bt-tween France and Badon of 3Qth JaDiiary, 1827, and 
6th April, 1840. 

■f See Treiity between Sttrdinia and Monaco, of 7th. November, 1817. 

345 



20 Nov., 1815.] GBEAT BRITAIN, &o., AND FRANCE. [No. 40 
[8nd Feaoe of Paria.] 

5tbly, all the Territories and Districts incladed within tbe 
Boundary of the French territory (eiiclaves\ as determined by 
the present Ai-tide, shall remain united to France. 

6thly, the High Contracting Parties shall name within 5 
months after the signature of the present Treaty, ComniissioDeBi 
to regulate everything relating to the designation of tfe 
Boundaries of the respective Countries,* and as soon as theltbon 
of the Commissioners shall have terminated, Maps shall be dnwi 
and landmarks shall be erected, which shall point out the reepe^ 
tive hmits. 

Fortresses^ ^-c, to he jtldced at disposal of Allied Powers, 

Art. II. The Fortresses, Places, and Districts, which, aoGord- 
ing to the preceding Article are no longer to form part of the 
French territory", shall be placed at the disposal of the AlKied 
Powers, at the periods fixed by Article IX of the Military ConTon- 
tion (No. 42) annexed to the present Treaty ; and Uis Majesty the 
King of France renounces for himself, His heirs, and successon 
for ever, the rights of Sovereignty and property which he h» 
hitherto exercised over the said P^ortresses, Places, and DistricttL 

Foi'tiji cations of Ilvniuguen to he destrot/ed. 

Art. III. The Fortifications of Huninguen having been CM- 
stantly an object of imeasiness to the town of Bale, the nigh 
Contracting Parties, in order to give to the Helvetic Confederacj 
a new proof of their good will and of their solicitude for its 
welfaVe, have agreed among themselves to demolish the fortifi- 
cations of Hiniingiien, and the French Government engages from 
the same motive not to re-establish them at any time, and not to 
replace them by other Fortifications at a distance of less than 
that of 3 leagues from the town of BAle. - 

Extension of Neutrality of Switzerland to part of Savoy, 

The Neutrality of Switzeriand shall be extended to the terri- 
tory situated to the north of a line to be drawn from Ugine, that 
Town being included, to the south of the Lake of Annecy, by 
Fa verge, as far as Lecheraine, and from thence by the Lake of 

* See Treatiofl between France and Netherlands of 28th March, 1820 ; 
between France and Bsyaria of 9th December, 1825 ; and between FmoM 
acd Netherlands of 23rd October, 1829. 

346 



No. 40] GBEAT BRITAIN, kc., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[8nd Feaoe of Paris.] 

Bonrget, as far as the Rhone, in like manner as it was extended 
to the Provinces of Chablais and of Fauci^iy, by Artidc XCII of 
the Final Act of the Con^^ss of Vienna (No. 27).* 

Indemmty to he Paid by France, 

Art. IV. The pecuniary part of the In<ltMnnity to l>c funiished 
by France to the Allied Powers is fixed at the sum of 700,0<X>,000 
of Francs. The moiles, the iK»ri<Hls, and the giianintc'es f4>r the 
payment of this sum shall l)i» re^ilate*! by a Si»ei'ial Convention 
(No. 41), which shiill have the same force andeffei't as if it were 
inserted, word for word, in the f»res<Mit Tivaty.f 

Military Occupation by A ///>.* ahmg thp Frontiers of France. 

Art. V. The state of imeasinrss and of femientation, which 
iher so many violent convulsions, and i)articulaHy after the last 
catMtrophe, France must still exi>eri(»nce, notwithstanding the 
. paternal intentions of her Kinjj^, and the advantages secured to 
ereiy class of his subjects by the Constitutional Charter, requir- 
ing, for the seiturity r)f the neighl>ouring States, certain measures 
of precaution and of temrH)rary guarant^H?, it htis l)cen judged 
indinpensable to (xr.ui)y, during a fixed tune, by a corps of Allied 
Troopa certain military positions along the frontiers of France, 
under the expn.\ss reser\'e, that such (xrcupation shall in no way 
prejudice the Soven^ignty of His Most Christian Majesty, nor the 
state of passession, such as it is recognized and confimied by the 
present Treaty. The numU*r of these trrnips shall not exceed 
160,000 men. The Commander-in-Chief of this army shall be 
nominated by the AUiinl Powers. This anny shall occupy the 
Fortresses of Cond e, Valen<*iennes, Bouchain, Cambray, Le Ques- 
noy, Maubeuge, Landrecies, Avesnes, Rrcro^-, Givet with 
C hariemont , Mezieres, Sedaii, Montniedy, Thionville, Longwy, 
Bitsch, and the Tete-de-Pont of Fort Loiiis. As the maintenance 
of the army destined for this service is to be pmvided by France, 
a Special Convention shall regulate everything which may relate to 
that object (No. 42). This Convention, which shall have the same 
force and effect as if it were inserted word for word in the pre- 
sent Treaty, shall also regulate the relations of the Army of 
Oocnpatiou with the civil and military authorities of the country. 
The utmost extent of th(.) duration of this military occupation is 

* See also Act of 20th NoTember, 1815. 
t See also Conveution of 9th October, 1818. 
347 



aO NOV^ 1815.] GBEAT BBITAIN, &c., AXD FRANCE. [No. 40 
[2kid Peace of Paris.] 

fixed at 5 years. It may terminate before that period if, at the 
end of 3 years, the Allied Sijvereigns, after having, in concert 
with His Majesty the King of France, maturely examined their 
reciprocal situation and interests, and the progress which shall 
have been made in France in the re-establishment of order and 
tranquillity, shall agree to acknowledge that the motives which 
led them to that measure have ceased to exist.* Bnt whatever 
may be the result of this deliberation, all the Fortresses and 
Positions occupied by the Allied troops shall, at the expiration of 
5 years, be evacuated without further delay, and given up to 
Uis Most Christian Majesty, or to his heirs and successors. 

Evacuation of French Territory, 
Art. VI. The Foreign Troops, not forming part of the Anny of 
Occupation, shall evacuate the French Territory within the term 
fixed by Article IX of the Military Convention annexed to the pre- 
sent Treaty (No. 41). 

Period fixed for Emigration and Disposal of Property in ceded 

Territories, 

Art. VII. In all Countries which shall change Sovereigns, as 
well in virtue of the present Treaty as of the arrangements which 
are to be made in consequence thereof, a period of 6 years from 
the date of the exchange of the Ratifications shall be allowed to 
the inliabitants, natives or foreigners, of whatever condition and 
nation they may be, to dispose of their Property, if they shoiild 
think fit so to do, and to retire to whatever country they may 
choose. 

Ceded Countries. Application of Treaty of ZOth May^ 1814, to 
present Treaty, 

Art. VIII. All the dispositions of the Treaty of Paris of the 
30th of May, 1814 (No. 1), relative to the Countries ceded by 
the Treaty, shall equally apply to the several territories and 
districts ceded by the present Treaty. 

Conventions of Claims, 

Art. IX. The High Contracting Parties having caused repre- 
sentation to be made of the different Claims arising out of the 

• See Convenrion between the 4 Powers and Franco, for the eracuation of 
the French Territory by the Allied Troops at the end of the 3rd year of 
occnpntioni of 9th October, 1818. 

348 



KO.40] GREAT BRITAIN, ic, AND FRANCE. [20 NOY., 1816. 
[Sad Peace of Paris. Slave Trade.] 

wn-execution of Articles XIX iiiul following of the Tix^aty of the 
Mth of May, 1814 (No. 1), as well as of th» Adilitinnal Artieles of 
All Treaty signed l)etween Great Britain and F'rance, desiring to 
RBdermore efBcacious the stipulations made thcivby^ and having 
dBtennined, by two Separate Conventions, the line to Ikj ])ui-sued on 
flidiBide for that purpose (Nos. 45, 46), the stiid tw^o Conven- 
tioni,a8 annexed to the j>rescnt Treaty, shall, in order to secure 
ikeoomplete execution of the above-mentioned Articles, have the 
MBW force and effect as if the same were inserted, word for 
wttd, hereiD.* 

Btstoratinn of Prisoners, 

Akt. X. All Prisoners taken during the hostilities, as well as 
dkstages which may have Ijeen can-ied off or given, shall be 
Vtared iu the shortest time pxjssible. The same shall be the 
Ottiith resj)ect to the prisoners taken pn>viously to the Treaty 
lihUHh of May, 18U (No. 1), and who shall not alreiuly have 
hanrtored. 

Mmknance of Treaty of 30rA ^f<nJ, 1811, and of Final Act 
of Vienna Cony r ess ofi)th June, 1815. 
Ak.XI. The Ti-eaty of Paris of the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1) 
«d the Final Act of the Congress of Vienna of the 9th of June 
1815 (Ho. 27), are confirmed, and shall be maintained in all such 
rf tiwir enactments which shall not have been modified by the 
ArtideBof the pR^sent Treaty. 

liatif cations. 
Asi, XII. The present Treaty, with the Conventions annexed 
tfaenBto, shall be ratified in one Act, and the Ratifications thereof 
AaU be exchanged in tlie space of two months, or sooner, if 
possible. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenijx>tentiaries have 
mgoed the same, and have affixed thereunto the Seals of their 
AmiB. 

Done at Paris, this 20th day of November, in the year of Our 
Lonl, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLERELVGH. (L.S.) RICHELIEU. 

(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 



• See alao Treaties of 25th April, 1818, and Additional Articles of 4th 
fnlj, 18ia 

34'J 



20 Nov., 1815.] aSBAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 40 
[Snd Peaoe of Fazia. Slave Trada.] 

Additional Abticle. Abolition of the Slave Trade, 

Paris^ 20th November^ 1815. 

The High Contracting Powers, sincerely desiring to givie 
effect to the measures on which they deliberated at the GoDgiov 
of Vienna relative to the complete and universal abolition of tfa 
Slave Trade, and having, each in their respective dominioiui/n^ 
hibited, without restriction, their Colonies and Subjects fra^i&nif 
any part whatever in this traffic^ ©"gage to renew coujoinii|tliflr 
their efforts, with the view of securing final success to Mr 
principles which they proclaimed in the Declaration of the 4th (tt) 
of February, 1815 (No. 8), and of concerting, without loss (tf tine, 
through their Ministers at the Courts of London and of Paris, tbe 
most effectual measures for the entire and definitive abolition of t 
Commerce so odious, and so strongly condemned by the laws of 
Religion and of Nature. 

The present Additional Articles shall have the same fom 
and effect as if it were inserted, word for word, in the Tretlj 
signed this day. It shall be included in the Ratification of tfai 
said Treaty. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries law 
signed the same, and have affixed thereunto the Seals of flor 
Arms. 

Done at Paris, this 20th day of November, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. (L.S.) RICHELBB. 

(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 



850 



MAP 

FRANCE 

in 

181ft 



Map 

FRANCE 

in 

1615 



r:*^ 



MAP 

FRANCE 
in 

1816 



IN TWO PLATES PLATE 1 



&' 



Srali' 111' KnghjtK MiL** 



J7r* TYif/ fijir •^itwt.tUii^ m.t4iiumiiiti* 




Sitfl^ii S7i^Sn?Z^^i^7«u 



MAP 

FRANCE 

in 

lftl5 



Ho. 41] GEEAT BBITAIN, &r., AND PRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[Snd PeaM of Paris. French Pecuniary Indemnity.] 



Ho. 41.— CONl'EXTIOX between Great Britain (Austria, 
Prussia, and Russia) and France, relative to the Pecuniary 
Indemnity to be paid by France to the Allied Poxcers. 
Signed at Paris, 20th November, 1815. 

[This Convention was annexed to the Dt»finitive Treaty of the 
same date, see Art. IV.] 

AsT. Table. 

ConTention between Oreat Britain and France ^ concluded in conformity 

with Article IV of the Principal Treaty, relatiro to the payment of 

the Pecuniary Indemnity to be furnished by France to the Allied 

Powers. 
I. Payment of Indemnity in fire yean. * 

2.' Mode of paying Indemnity. 

S. Engagements to be exchanged by Bont am Portenr. 
^ Time at which engagements are to be exchanged for Bon* au Portenr. 
ft. Imub of Bons au Porteur in Coupuree or Bills. 
ft. limit to amount of Bont au Porteur. 
f. non-payment of Interest. 

& Gnarantee to be made over by France to Allied Powers. 
8L Persons in whose name the Fund of Interest is to be inscribed. Bight of 

Allies to transfer Inscriptions in other Names. 

10. ]>epoeit of Inscriptions. 

11. Appointment of Mixed Commission. Payments. Arrears. Bone un- 

paid to be given up to French Commissioners, and paid over to Allied 

Commissioners. 
18. Poll amount of Inscriptions to be always in hands of Treasurers. 
1ft. Interest on Bons au Portemr not paid when presented. 

^^|Pteilities for payment of last 100,000,000 francs Indemnity. 

16L Fulfilment by France of Engagements relative to Clothing and Equip- 
ment of Allied Armies. 

(English version.*) 

Convention between Great Britain and JBVance, concluded i7i con" 
formity with Article IV of the Principal Treaty (No. 40), rela- 
tive to the Payment of the Pecuniary Indemnity to he furnished 
by France to the Allied Powers.^ 

The payment to which Franco has bound herself to the Allied 
Powers, as an Indemnity, by Article IV of the Treaty of this 

• For French version, see " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 293. 

t The Stipulations of the Convention upon this subject, concluded on the 
■ame day, between Austria, Prussia, and Bussia, and France, were, f>erbatim 
the same as thoM of this Convention. 

851 



20 Nov., 18160 C^REAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCK [fafl 
[Snd Peace of Parle. French Pectuiiary Indemnltf.] 

day, shall take place in the form and at the periods prescribedly 
the following Articles :— 

Payment of Indemnity in Five Years, 

Art. I. The sum of 700,000,000 of francs, being the uoiBt 
of the Indemnity, shall be discharged, day by day, iu equ/jo' 
tions, in the space of 5 years, by means of Bans au PBit»m 
the Royal Treasury of Fi-ance, in the manner that shaDbeaot 
set forth. 

3fo(k of Paying Indemnity. i 

Art. II. The Ti-easury shall give over, immediately, to the 
Allied Powers, 15 Engagements for 48,000,000 and two-thii* 
each, forming together the sum of 700,000,000 ; the first Eng«p- 
ment payable on the 3 Ist March, 181 C, the second on the 31rt 
of July of the same year, and so on iu every fourth Bflnlk 
during the five successive years. 

Enyagements to be cjcchanged for Pons au Porieur* 

Art. III. These Engagements shall not be negotUk^ 
they shall be periodically exchanged against Pons aiW*i 
negotiable, drawn in the form used in the ordinary sorvittoJ^ 
Royal Treasury. 

Time at which Engagements are to he exchanged for Bora » 
Porteu7\ 

Art. IV. In the month which shall precede the four, in^ 
course of which an Engagement is to be paid, that Engagemw*^ 
shall be divided by the Treasuiy of France, into Pons au Pori^ 
payable in Paris, in equal portions, from the first to the lastdij 
of the four months. 

Thus the Engagement of 46,000,000 and two- thirds, falling 
due the 31st of March, 1816, shall be exchanged iu the montbol 
November, 1815, against Paris au Portevr^ payable in equal por- 
tions from the 1st of December, 1815, to the 31st of Marcli, 1816. 

The Engagement of 46,000,000 and two-thirds, which vift 
fall due the 3 Ist of July, 1816, shall be exchanged in the month 
of March of the same year, against Pons au Porteur^ payable in 
equal portions from the Ist of April, 1816, to the Sldt of July of 
the same year, and so on eveiy four months. 

352 



No. 41] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[2iid Peace of Paris. French Pecuniary Indemnity.] 

Issue of Bviia au Porteur in Coupures or Bills. 

Art. V. No siuglo Bon au Porteur shall be delivered for the 
sum due each day, but the sum so due shall be divided iuto 
st'vorul Coupures or Bills, of 1,000, 2,000, 6,000, 10,000, and 
20,000 francs, the which sums added together, will amount to the 
sum total of the payment due for each day. 

Limit to anwunt of Bons au Porteur, 

Art. VI. The Allied Powers, convinced that it is as much 
th(*ir interest as that of France, that too considerable a sum of 
Boiii< au Porteur should not be issued at once, agree that there 
never shall be in cu*culation Bons for moi'C than 50,000,000 of 
francs at a time. 

Non-pai/ment of Interest. 

Art. VII. No Interest shall be paid by France for the delay of 
5 years, which the Allied Powers allow to her for the payment 
of the 700,000,000 of francs. 

Guarantee to he made over by France to Allied Powers. 

Art. VIII. On the 1st of Jaimary, 1816, there shall be made 
over by France to the Allied Powers, as a Guarantee for the 
regularity of the payments, a Fund of Interest inscribed in the 
Grand Livre of the Public Debt of France, of 7,000,000 of francs, 
on a capital of 140,000,000. This Fund of Interest shall be used 
' to make good, if there should lie need of it, the deficiencies in 
the Acceptances of the French Government, and to render the 
payments equal, at the end of every six months, to the Bons au 
Porteur which shall have fallen due, as shall be hereafter 
detailed. 

Persons in whose Name the Fund of Interest is to be Inscribed. 

Art. IX. This Fund of Interest shall be uiscribed in the name 
of such persons as the Allied Powers shall point out; but these 
|)er8on8 c^iimot be the holders of the Inscriptions, except in the 
case provided for in Article XI ensuing. 

liight of Allies to transfer Inscriptions in other Names. 

The Allied Powers further reserve to themselves the right to 
transfer the Inscriptions to other names, as often as they shall 
judge necessary. 

353 2 A 



20 Nov., 1815.] OBEAT BBITAIN, ftc., AND FBAKCS. [hfl 
[Slid Peaoe of Paris. Frenoli PeoonlaiT Twdnmifty;] 



Deposit of Inscriptions. 
Art. X. The deposit of these InscriptioiiB shall be orafioed to 
one Treasurer named by the Allied Powers, and to another uaed 
by the French Gk)vemment. 

Apjwintment of Mixed Commission, 

Art. XI. There shall be a Mixed Commission, ooopoNdtf 
an equal number on both sides, of Allied and French GoHii' 
sioners, who shall examine every six months the state dike 
payments, and shall regulate the balance. 

Payments. Arrears. 

The Bans of the Treasury paid shall constitute the Pijb* 5 
those which shall not yet have been presented to the TreMoyof 
France, shall enter into the account of the subsequeDt biltM^ ; 
those also which shall have fallen due, been presented, ud H^ 
paid, shall constitute the arrear, and the sum of InflcriptioM ^ 
be applied, at the market price of the day, to cover the (MA 

{ 
Bo7is unpaid to be given vp to French Commissioners <adfsd^ 
to Allied Commissioners. 

As soon a9 that operation shall have taken place, thABtu 
unpaid shall be ^ven up to the French Commissioneraf v^^ 
Mixed Commission shall order the Treasurers to payowrtta 
sum so determined upon, and the Treasurers shall be anthoiiKi 
and obliged to pay it over to the Commissioners of the ABW 
Powers, who shall dispose of it as they shall think proper. 

Full amovnt of Inscriptions to he always in hands of Treasttrm. 

Art. XII. France engages to replace immediately in the 
hands of the Treasurers, an amount of Inscriptions equal to that 
which may have been made use of, according to tlie foregoing 
Article, in order that the Fund stipulated in Article VIII may be 
always kept at its full amount. 

Interest on Eons an Porteur not Paid when Presented. 
Art. XIII. France shall pay an interest of 5 per cent, per 
annum, from the date of the Bons au Porteur falling due, upon all 
such Bom the payment of which may have been delayed by die 
act of France. 

854 



Ho. 41] ORKAT BBITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[find Peace of Paris. Frenoh Peounlary Indemnity,] 

Facilities for Payment of last 100,000,000 Francs Indemnity. 

AsT. XIV. When the first 600,000,000 of Francs shall have 
been paid, the Allies in order to accelcnite the entire liberation of 
f ranee, will accept^ should it be agreeable to the French Goveru- 
iQent, the Fund mentioned in Article VlII, at the market price of 
ihsi day, to such an amount as will be equal to the remainder 
foe of the 700,000,000. France will only have to furnish the 
ifiPerence, should any exist. 

JFacilities for Pat/meut of Uist 100,000,000 Francs Indemnity. 

Abt. XV. Should this plan not be convenient to France, the 
'^*,OO0,000 of francs which would remain due, may be discharged 

the manner pointed out in Articles II, III, IV, and V ; and, 
ter the complete payment of the 700,000,000, the Inscriptions 
ipolated for in Article VlII shall be returned to France. 

tSdfilment by France of Engagements relative to Clothing and 
Equijmient of Allied Armies. 

Akt. XVI. The French Government engages to execute, inde- 
pondently of the Pecuniary Indemnity stipulated by the present 
^^▼ention, all the Engagements stipulated for in the Special 
Conventions concluded with the different Powers and their Co- 
AllieB, relative to the clothing and equipment of their Armies ; 
tod engages for the exact deliverance and payment of the Bons 
and Mandats arising from the said Conventions, in as far as they 
shall not have been already discharged, at the time of the signa- 
ture of the Principal Treaty, and of the present Convention. 

Done at Paris, this 20th day of November, in the year of Our 
Lord, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 

(L.S.J WELLINGTON. 

(L.S.) RICHELIEU. 



855 2 A 2 



20 NOV^ 1815.: GREAT BRITAIX, Ac., A>T) FBANCE. [Ho. 42 
[2iid PMce of ParU. XiUtary UiM.] 



No. 42.— CaVT:t'.Vr/OA' ^^ir^^ Grw* Britain, Austria, 
Prussia, and Russia, and France, relative to the Occupation 
of a Military Line in France by an Allied Army. Sifffied 
at Paris, 20th November, 1815. 

[This Convention was annexeJ to the Definitive Treaty of the 
saoie date. See Art II]. 

Abt. Table. 

CoDTention between Oreat Britain and France^ concluded in conformity 
to Article Y of the Principal Treaty, relatire to the occupation of a 
Militarj Line in France, by an Allied Armj. 

1. Composition of Army of Occupation. 

2. Maintenance of Army of Occupation by French GoTemment. Dmfly 

RationB. Pay, Equipment, Clothing, kc. Amount to be paid l^ 
French Gorcmment. 

3. Maintenance of Fortrestes by French Gh)Temnient. Serrices required by 

Commander-in-Chief of Allied I'roope to be executed by Fremek 
Government. French GoTcrnment to secure accomplishment of 
serrices required. 

4. Militaiy Line to be occupied by Allied Troops. TerritorieM not to be 

occupied by Allied or French Troops. Towns to be Garrisoned by 
French Troops. Materiel not belonging to Fortrettea to be remoTod 
by French Government. Infraction of Stipulations to be redressed by 
French (^remment. Garrisoning of Fortrestes by French Troops. 
6. Military Command by General-in-Chief of Allied Troops. 

6. Civil Administration, &c., to remain in hands of French Government. 

Customs to remain in hands of French Gh)vemment. 

7. Prevention of Abuses of Customs Regulations. 

8. Services of the Gendarmerie. 

9. Evacuation by Allied Troops. Delivery of Territories and Fortresses to 

Allies. Commissioners to ascertain state of Places delivered to Allies. 
Commissioners to ascertain state of Places occupied b^ French Troops. 
Places occupied by French Troops to bo delivered up to Allies. Com- 
missioners to ascertain state of Fortresses and Military Stores, Slc., 
contained therein. Restoration at Expiration of Temporary Occupa- 
tion. 

Additional Article. 

Mutual Delivery of Military Deserters. Delivery of Deserters previous 
to Signature of Treaty. 

Annex, 

Tariff annexed to Convention. 

356 



No. 42] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[Snd Peace of Paris. Military Line.] 

(English version.*) 

Convention between Cheat Britain and France^ concluded in con- 
formity to Article V of the Principal Treaty (No. 40), relative 
to the Occupation of a Military Line in France^ by an Allied 
Anny.f 

Composition of Army of Occupation, 

Art. I. The composition of the Army of 150,000 men, which, 
in virtue of Article V of the Treaty of this day (No. 40), is to 
occupy a Military Line along the Frontiers of France, the force 
and nature of the contingents to be furnished by each Power, as 
well as the choice of the Generals who are to command those 
troops, shall be determined by the Allied Sovereigns. 

Maintenance of Army of Occupation by French Government. 

Art. II. This Army shall be maintained by the French Qro- 
vemment, in the manner following : — 

The lodging, the fuel, and lighting, the provisions and forage, 
are to be furnished in kind. 

Daily Rations, 

It is agreed that the total amount of Daily Rations shall never 
exceed 200,000 for men, and 60,000 for horses, and that they 
shall be issued a(MX)rding to the tariff annexed to the present 
Convention. 

Pay, Equipment^ Clothing, 4rc* 

With respect to the pay, the Equipment, the Clothing, and 
other incidental matters, the French Government will provide for 
such expense, by the payment of a sum of 50,000,000 of francs 
per annum, payable in specie from month to month, from the Ist 
of December of the year 1815, into the hands of the Allied 
Commissioners. 

Amount to be paid by French Oovemment. 
But the Allied Powers, in order to concur as much as possible 
in every thing which can satisfy His Majesty the King of France, 
and relieve his subjects, consent that only 30,000,000 of francs, 

• For French rersion, see " State Papers " toI. iii, p. 288. 

t The Stipulations of the Conventions ooncladed on the same day, between 
Austria, Prussia, and Russia, and France, upon this sulrjeot, weie, verbatim 
the same as those of this Convention. 

357 



20 Nov^ 1815.J GSKAT BBITALN, kc, A5D FRAITOS. [Ho. 42 
[find PMce of Paris. XiUtary lAaml 

on account of |jay, shall be paid in the first year, on condition of 
the difference being made up in the subsequent years of the 
Occupation. 

Maintenance of Fortresses by French Chvernment. 

Art. III. France enf^ages equally to provide for the keeping 
up of the Fortifications, and of the buildings of the military and 
civil administrations, as well as for the arming and provisioning 
the Fortresses which, in virtue of Article V of the Treaty of this 
day (No. 40), are to remain as a deposit in the hands of the 
Allied Troops. 

Services required by Commander-in-Chief of Allied Troops to be 
executed by French Government, 

These respective services, which are to be regulated upon the 
principles adopted by the French administration of the War De- 
partment, shall be executed upon a demand, addressed to the 
French Government by the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied 
Troops, with whom some plan shall be agreed upon for ascertain- 
ing what may be needful, and concerting the measures necessary 
to remove all difficulties which may arise, and for accomplishing 
the object of this Stipulation, in a manner equally satisfactory to 
the interests of the respective Parties. 

French Gnvternment to secure accomplishment of Services required. 

The French Government will take such measures as it shall 
judge to be the most effectual, for securing the accomplishment 
of the different services stated in this and in the preceding 
Article ; and will concert to that effect with the Commander-in- 
Chief of the Allied Troops. 

Military Line to be occupied by Allied Troops, 

Art. IV. In conformity with Article V of the Principal Treaty 
(No. 40), the Military Line to be occupied by the Allied Troops, 
shall extend along the frontiers which separate the Departments 
of the Pas de Calais, of the North, of the Ardennes, of the 
Meuse, of the Moselle, of the Lower Rhine, and of the Upper 
Rhine, from the interior of France. 

Territories not to be occupied by Allied or French Troops. 

It is further agreed, that neither the Allied Troops nor the 

858 



No. 42] GREAT BBITAIN, &c., AND FBANOB. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[find Peace of Paris. XiUtary Line.] 

French troops shall occupy (except it be for particular reasons, 
and by common consent) the territories and districts hereafter 
named : id est : — 

In the Department of the Somme, all the country north of 
that river, from Ham to where it falls into the sea. 

In the Department of the Aisne, the districts of St. Quentin, 
Vervins, and La6n. 

In the Department of the Mame, those of Rheims, St. M^n^- 
hould, and Vitry ; 

In the Department of the Upper Mame, those of St. Dizier 
and Joinville. 

In the Department of the Meurthe, those of Toul, Dieuze, 
Sarrebourg, and Blamont. 

In the Department of the Vosges, those of St. Diez, Brug^res, 
and Remiremont. 

The District of Lure, in the Department of the Upper Sa6ne, 
and that of St. Hyppolite, in the Department of the Doubs. 

Toums to be Garrisoned by French Troops. 

Notwithstanding the occupation by the Allies of the portion 
of Territory fixed by the Principal Treaty (No. 40), and by the 
present Convention, His Most Christian Majesty may, in the Towns 
situated within the territory occupied, maintain garrisons, the 
number of which, however, shall not exceed what is laid down in 
the following enumeration : — 

Men. 

At Calais 1,000 

„ Oravelines 500 

„ Bergues 500 

„ St. Omer 1,500 

„ Bethune 500 

„ Montreuil . . . . . . . • 500 

„ Hesdin .. 250 

„ Ardres .. 150 

„ Aire 500 

„ Arras :. 1,000 

„ Boulogne 800 

„ St. Venant 800 

„ Lille 8,000 

„ Dunkirk and its Forts . • • • 1,000 

^ Donay and Fort de Scarpa . . • . 1,000 

859 



20 Nov., 1815.] GBEAJ BBITAD?, kc., JLSD FBANCB. [Mo. 42 
[2iid PMce of FarU. XiUtary Idaa.] 

Men. 

At Verdun . . 500 

„ Metz • .. .. 3,000 

„ Lauterburg 200 

„ Weissenburg .. .. .. laO 

„ Lichtenberg.. .. .. .. 150 

„ Petite Pierre 100 

„ Phalsburg 600 

„ Strasburg 3,000 

„ Schlesta^lt 1,000 

„ Neuf Brisach and Fort Mortier . . 1,000 

„ Belfort 1,000 

Materiel not belonging to Fortresses to be removed by French 
Government. 

It is, however, well understood, that the Materiel belonging to 
the Engineer and Artillery Departments, as well as such articles 
of military equipment as do not properly belong to those Fortresses, 
shall be withdrawn from them, and shall be transported to such 
places as the French Government shall think fit, provided those 
places are situated without tlie line occupied by the Allied Troops, 
and without the districts in which it is agreed not to leave any 
troops, either Allied or French. 

Infraction of Stipulations to be Redressed bif French Government. 

If anj' infraction of the above stipulations should come to the 
knowledge of the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Armies, he 
shall maJce his representations on the subject to the French 
Government, wliich engages to do what is right thereupon. 

Garrisoning of Fortresses by French Troops. 

The Fortresses abovementioned being at this moment unpro- 
vided with garrisons, the French Government can place therein, 
as soon as it shall think fit, the number of troops fixed as above ; 
apprizing always before hand the Commander-in-Chief of the 
Allied Troops, in order to avoid any difficulty and delay which tbe 
French troops might experience in their march. 

Military Command by General-in-Chief of Allied Troops, 

Art. V. The Military Command in the whole extent of the 
Departments which shall remain occupied by the Allied Troops, 

360 



No. 42] GEEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND PRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[Snd Peace of Paris. MiUtary Line.] 

shall belong to the Gteneral-in-Chief of those troops ; it is, how- 
ever, distinctly understood, that it shall not extend to the For- 
tresses which the French troops are to occupy, in virtue of 
Article IV of the present Convention nor to a rayon of 1,000 toises 
around each of those places. 

Civil Administration^ ^c, to remain in hands of French Government. 

Art. VI. The Civil Administration, the Administration of 
Justice, and the collection of taxes and contributions of all sorts, 
shall remain in the hands of the agents of His Majesty the King 
of France. 

Customs to remain in hands of French Government. 

The same shall be the case with respect to the Customs. 
They shall remain in their present state, and the Conmianders of 
the Allied Troops shall throw no obstacle in the way of the mea- 
sures to be taken by the officers employed in that service, to 
prevent frauds ; they shall even give them in case of need, succour 
and assistance. 

Prevention of Abuses of Customs Regulations. 
Art. VII. To prevent all abuses which might affect the regu- 
lations of the Customs, the clothing, and equipments, and other 
necessary articles destined for the Allied Troops, shall not be 
allowed to enter, except they be furnished with a certificate of 
origin, and in pursuance of a communication to be made by the 
commanding officers of the different corps, to the General-in-Chief 
of the Allied Army, who will, on his part, cause information to be 
given thereof to the French Government, who will, in conse- 
quence thereof, issue the proper orders to their officers employed 
in the administration of the Customs. 

Services of the Gendarmerie. 
Art. VIII. The service of the Gendarmerie bemg acknowledged 
as necessary to the maintenance of order and public tranquillity, 
shall continue, as hitherto, in the countries occupied by the Allied 
Troops. 

Evacfmtian bt/ Allied Troops. 
Art. IX. The Allied Troops, with the exception of those that 
are to form the Army of Occupation, shall evacuate the Territory 
of France in 21 days, after the signature of the Principal Treaty. 

361 



ao Mot., 1815.] GREAT bbitais, &c, A:n) francs. [Ho. 42 

[Sad Peace of Paris. Xilitary Una.] 

Delirerjf of Territories and Fortresses to Allies, 

The Territories which, according to that Treaty, are to be 
ceded to the Allies, as well as the Fortresses of Landau and Sarm- 
Lonis, shall be delivered up by the French authorities and troops, 
in 10 days from the date of the signature of the Treaty. 

Those places shall be given up in the state in which they w«ne 
on the 20th of September last. 

Commissioners to ascertain State of Places delivered to Allies, 

Commissioners shall be named on both sides, to ascertain and 
declare that state, and to deliver and receive respectively the 
artillery, the military stores, plans, models, and archives, belonging 
as well to the said places as to the different districts ceded by 
France, according to the Treaty of this day. 

Commissioners to ascertain State of Places occupied hy French 
Troops, 

Commissioners shall also be named, to examine and ascertain 
the state of those places still occupied by the French Troops, and 
which, acxxjrding to Article V of the Principal Treaty (No. 40), 
are to be held in deposit, for a certain time, by the Allies. 

Places occupied hy French Troops to he delivered up to Allies, 

These places shall also be delivered up to the Allied Troops 
in 10 days, from the date of the signature of the Treaty. 

Commissioners to ascertain State of Fortresses and Military Stores^ ^c, 
contained therein. 

Commissioners shall also be named by the French Government, 
on the one part, and by the General Commandmg-in-Chief the 
Allied Troops destined to remain in France, on the other ; also by 
the General Commanding the AHied Troops which are at present 
in possession of the Fortresses of Avesnes, Landrecies, Maubeuge, 
Rocroy, Givet, Montmedy, Longwy, Mezieres, and Sedan, to 
ascertain and declare the state of those places, and of the mili- 
tary stores, maps, plans, models, &c., which they shall contain, at 
the moment which shall be considered as that of the occupation 
in virtue of the Treaty. 

362 



No. 42] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANOS. [20 Nov., 1816. 
[8nd Peaoe of Paris. Military Line.] 

Restoration at Expiration of Temporary Occupation, 

The Allied Powers engage to restore, at the expiration of the 
temporary Occupation, all the places named in Article V of the 
Principal Treaty, in the state in which they shall have been found 
at the tune of that occupation, save and except the damageii 
which may have been caused by time, and which the French 
Government should not have provided against by the necessary 
repairs.* 

Done at Paris, this 20th day of November, in the year of Our 

Lord, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 

(L.S.) RICHELIEU. (L.S.) WELLINGTON. 



Additional Article. Deserters. Parisy 20M November^ 1815. 

(Translation.) 

Mutual Delivery of Military Deserters, 

The High Contracting Parties having agreed, by Article V of 
the Treaty of this day, to occupy for a certain period with an 
Allied Army, military positions in France ; and being desirous of 
anticipating all that might hazard the order and discipline which 
it is so important to maintain in that Army, it is determined upon 
by the j)resent Additional Article, that every Deserter who, from 
either of the corps of the s^id Army, should go over to the French 
side, shall immediately be arrested by the French authorities, and 
delivered up to the nearest Conmiander of the Allied Troops, in 
like manner as all Deserters from the French troops, who might 
come over towards the Allied Army, shall be immediately delivered 
up to the nearest French Commandant. 

Delivery of Deserters previous to Signature of Treaty. 

The tenor of this Article is to apply equally to such Deserters 
from either side, who may have forsaken their colours previously 
to the signature of the Treaty ; the same to be without delay 
restored and delivered up to the respective corps to which they 
may belong. 

The present Additional Article shall have the same force and 
validity, as if it were inserted, word for wordi in the Military Con- 
vention of this day. 

* See CoDTention of 9th October, 1818. 
368 



20 Nov... 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 42 
[2n6, Peace of Paris. KUitary liine.] 

In faith whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and have affixed thereunto the .Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 20th November, in the year of Chir Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 
(L.S.) RICHELIEU. 



{Anneo!.) — Tariff annexed to the Convention relative to the 
Occupation of a Military Line in France by an Allied 
Anny. 

I. Provisions^ Forage^ Quarters^ and Fuel. 
Ordinary Portion of the Soldier. 

Two pounds {poids rfe mure) of meslin bread, or If of a pound 
of flour, or 1 J- of a pound of biscuit. 

Quarter of a pound of oatmeal or grits, or -^ of a pound of 
rice, or i of a pound of tine wheaten flour, peas, or lentils, or 
J of a pound of potatoes, carrots, turnips, or other fresh vege- 
tables. 

Half a pound of fresh meat, or | of a pound of bacon. 

One-tenth of a litre of spirits, or ^ of a Utre of wine, or 1 
litre of beer. 

One-thirtieth of a pound of salt. 

1. In case the troops should be quartered on the inhabitants, 
they shall enjoy the use of fire and candle ; in barracks, wood 
for the rooms and kitchens ; and lights for the rooms and cor- 
ridors shall be allowed, according to circumstances, in exact pro- 
portion to what is strictly necessary. The same shall be ob- 
served with respect to the Guard. 

2. Substitutes for the usual articles of the ration are not to 
be given at the discretion of the troops, but according to circum- 
stances. 

The articles of provision shall, where practicable, be varied 
according to the season, giving generally a preference to faiiua- 
ceous vegetables. 

Bacon may be given where the troops are willing to receive it. 

3. Flour, for bread, shall not be given in lieu of bread, ex- 
cepting with the consent of the troops; and in that case, wood, 
and the necessary conveniences for baking, must be granted ; 
biscuit shall be given only in case of a movement, or of necessity, 

364 



No. 42] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Military Line.] 

or to complete the ten days' supply in reserve, with which the 
troops should be provided in their flying hospitals. 

This store shall be furnished in addition to the daily supply ; 
moreover in order to ensure a regular supply, it is to be under- 
stood that, within the space of two months, the magazines are to 
be so provisioned, that there be always a supply of provisions 
and forage (meat excepted) in store for a fortnight in advance, 
under the iiisi)ection of the French Storekeepers. 

The Commissaries of the several Coips d'Armee shall be 
authorised to mspect this store in reserve when they may think 
proper. 

4. The meat shall be delivered slaughtered, without including 
the head, feet, lights, liver, and other internal parts. If, with 
the consent of the troops, live cattle be delivered, the weight 
shall be fixed by an exact computation, including the head, the 
fat, and whatever is eatable. 

The hides shall, in this case, belong to the troops. 

5. On a march, and on other occasions where the soldier shall 
be fed par etape, the same tariflF shall be in force ; the soldier 
shall then receive his portion, or an adequate equivalent, prepared 
and divided into two meals, and in the morning a portion of bread 
and spirits. 

6. Receipts shall be granted by regiments, companies, and 
detachments, for the number of rations and portions received ; 
which receipt shall be revised and confirmed in each corps, by a 
Mixed Commission, whose official expenses shall be regulated 
and paid by the French Government. 

7. As several of the troops are accustomed to tobacco for 
smoking, and as the soldier will not be able to purchase this 
article at the very high price that exists in France, it is stipu- 
lated, that regiments, companies, or detachments, shall be entitled 
to demand half a kilogramme of tobacco, per month, for each 
man j)rescnt, on paying 60 centimes for each half kilogramme of 
the moat inferior quality sold in the shops, but fresh. In order 
to prevent any contraband practices arising therefrom, upon the 
issues to be distributed amongst the regiments, there shall be 
specified the quantities of tobacco delivered. 

Officer^a Portion, 
Two pounds of white bread. 
Quarter of a pound of fine grits, or substitutes. 
Two pounds of meat. 

365 



20 Nov., 1815.] GBEAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. 
[8nd Peace of Paris. Xilitary Une.] 



[No. 42 



A portion of liquor of good quality. 

Two tallow caudles, eight to the pound. 

To prevent iucouvenience, it were to be wished, that this part 
of the portion should be estimated at a certain sum per diem, for 
all the Corps d'Axmee, and should always be given in money. 

Moreover, -j3|. of a stere of hard firewood, or, according to 
circumstances, soft wood, coal, or turf, in the proportion esta- 
blished in the French Service. 

This part of the portion shall be always g^ven in kind, except 
during a march. The summer ration shall be one-half that of the 
winter, and there shall be reckoned six months to the winter. 

In those provinces where coal is generally burnt, the com- 
mutation between wood and coal shall be made, as well for the 
Officer as for the soldier, according to the tariff of commutation 
of the same articles in use in the French Army. 

Likewise the quarters, with beds and bedding. 

The portions and the quarters shall be given to the Officers 
according to the following table : — 



Bank. 



Number ! -^j , 
» I Number 
01 . 

portions .P - 
'Zc rations of 

"^^P*^ fuel 
visions. 



Number 
of 

suitable 
apart- 
ments. 



Number 

of 

places 

for 

Serrants 



Obflerrations. 



Subalterns 

Captains of Cavalry, 
of In&ntrji and 
en second 

Majors 

Lieutenant-Colonels 
Colonels 



Major-Generals .... 
Lieutenant-Generals 



•Generals of Cayalry, 
of Infantry, or 
commanding a 
Corps d'Arm^. . . 



1 
2 
8 

4 
6 
7 
9 

12 



lto2 
8 
8" 

4 
4 



r 



Commanding 
Begiment, one 
additional ration 
of provision and 
fuel, one room, 
one serrant's 
room more. 

Commanding 
a Division or at- 
tached to the 
Staff, one por- 
tion more of each 
article. 

• They shaU 
be lodged in suit- 
able hotels, pro- 
perly supplied 
with fuel. 



366 



No. 42] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Military Line.] 

1. The servant shall likewise receive the portion of the 
soldier, but only when borne as eflFective on the muster-roll, and 
not beyond the number allowed in each Army. 

2. The Civil and Medical Departments shall be assimilated 
with the Military, in every thing, according to their respective 
ranks. 

3. In case of necessity, more particularly on a march, a 
smaller number of apartments shall suffice. In barracks the 
quarters shall be regulated according to circumstances, and con- 
jointly with the Commandants. 

Forage, — Light Ration. 

Oats, f of a bushel. 
Hay, 10 pounds. 
Straw, 3 pounds. 

Heavy Ration, 

Oats, 1 bushel (Paris measure). 
Hay, 10 pounds. 
Straw, 3 pounds. 

1. The heavy ration shall be given for the saddle horses of 
Officers, for horses of regular cavalry, light and heavy, for artil- 
lery horses that draw the guns and caissons. 

All other horses, including cossack horses, shall receive only 
the liglit ration, except by the rules of the service of each Army 
there should be other draft horses entitled to the heavy ration. 

On a march which may continue for more than four days, all 
the horses on the march shall receive the heavy ration. 

2. The forage may^be varied in case of necessity, by reckon- 
ing six rations of barley, and, in extreme scarcity, as many of 
rye, for eight rations of oats; and half a light ration of oats for 
five pounds of hay. The latter substitute may be demanded as 
a matter of rights by those troops whose ration of bay is gene- 
rally under ten pounds, and that of oata more liberal. 

3. Straw shall be furnished from the magazines for the stables 
of the barracks, and the dung shall belong to the troops who 
are to remove it themselves. 

When quartered on the inhabitant, he shall supply straw 
according to the tariff, and shall have the advantage of the 
dmig. 

4. Stabling shall be granted to regiments and companies for 

367 



20 Nov, 1815.: GREAT BBITAIX, Ac, XSD FRAXCX. [No. 42 
[Slid Peace of Paris. XiUtary Line.] 

the effective number of horses, also light and accommodation for 
the gxLiird, and {ilace for the baggage and forage. 

5. Forage for the horses of the OflScers of different ranks 
shall be given to each Army, according to the regulations in force 
with them re8i»ectively, previous to the date of the present tariff. 
It shall be delivered according to such Returns, without any 
deduction. 

Officers shall claim stable -nx^m for the actual number of their 
horses, and room for their baggage and forage, but not candle- 
light. For each horse there shall be allotted a space of 8 feet 
long and 4 feet broad. 

Ge rural Bt marks. 

Beyond the present tariff, the tnx>ps shall not be entitled to 
claim anything, and shall be obliged to purchase at their own 
expense the articles not comprehended in it, such as soap, butter, 
chalk, pipe-clay, ^c. 

With respect to guard-houses and sentry-boxes, the towns 
will provide for them at their own expense. 

II. Ht/spitaU, 

The administration of the Hospitals shall in general be in the 
hands of the French authorities, according to the established 
order ; but in the subsistence of the sick, respect shall be had to 
the Regulation published by each Army on its entrance into 
France. Everything necessary-, medicines included, shall be pro- 
vided at the exjjense of the French Government. On the other 
hand, nothing shall be granted for Regimental Hospitals, beyond 
the usual portions and quarters, which shall be claimed by regi- 
ments for their sick, as well as for their effective. Each Corps 
d'Armee shall send to the Hospital destined for its sick, the 
necessary nic*dical or other assistance, to secure proper treatment. 
All soldiers sent to the Hospitals shall be rec^eived, and the Hos- 
pitals shall be estabUshed at convenient distances. 

III. Transport. 

When the troops are on a march, carriages shall be furnished 
by the French Government, on the demand of the Commander- 
in-Chief. The same rule shall be observed for the transport of 
the sick. The necessary relays for the communication between 
different parts of a Corps d*Arm6e shall also be granted ; but the 

3G8 



No. 42] GREAT BEITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815- 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Military Line.] 

greatest moderation shall bo observed on this subject. With 
respect to the conveyance of military' effects to the Army from 
beyond the French frontier, such conveyances shall be made by 
relays of the country, only till the 1st of Febiniary, 1810, and 
merely for moderate quantities. 

IV. Posts^ Dispatches^ Couriers^ (Jc. 

All Dispatches connected with the interior service of the 
different corps, and correspondence with the Fi-ench authorities, 
bearing an Official Seal, shall be received and forwarded, without 
j)ayment, at the usual posts. Estafettes and private lettere of 
the Military shall be paid for at the usual prices. Couriers and 
travellers, military or otherwise, shall pay punctually for post- 
horses. 

V. Douaties. 

Articles for the clothing of the troops shall enter free from 
duty, on Certificates well authenticated. Military persons joining 
the Armies, or leaving France, shall be exempt from payment of 
all duties, on whatever is for their own use, or that of the troops. 

Agreed upon, and signed at Paris, the 20th of November, in 
the year of Our Lord, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L.S.) RICHELIEU. (L.S.) WELLINGTON. 



869 2 B 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. [No. 43 
[Neutrality of Switierlaxid and Parts of Savoy.] 



No. 43. — ACT, signed hy the Protecting Powers, Austria^ 
Franco, Great Britain, Prussia and Russia, for the acknow- 
ledgment and Guarantee of the Perpetual Neutrality of 
Switzerland, and the Inviolability of its Territory, Ptiris, 
20th Xovember, 1815. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Tub Accession of Switzerland to the Declaration published at 
Vienna the 20th March, 1815 (No. 9), by the Powers who signed the 
Treaty of Paiis (No. 1), having been duly notified to the Ministers 
of the IniiK?rial and Royal Courts, by the Act of the Helvetic Diet 
on the 27th of the niontJi of May following (No. 20), there remained 
nothing to pi-event the Act of Acknowledgment and Guarantee of 
the [)erpetual Neutrality of Switzerland from being made conform- 
ably to the above-mentioned Declaration. But the Powers deemed 
it exi»edient to suspend till this day the signature of that Act, in 
consequence of the changes which the events of the war, and the 
arrangements which might result from it might possibly occasion 
in the limits of Switzerland, and in respect also to the modifica- 
tions i*esulting therefrom, in the arrangejnents relative to the 
federated territory, for the benefit of the Helvetic Body. 

These changes being fixed by the stipulations of the Ti-eaty of 
Pans signed this day (No. 40), the Powers who signed the Decla- 
ration of Vienna of the 20th l^Iarch declare, by this ju-esent Act, their 
formal and authentic Acknowledgment of the perpetual Neutrality 
of Switzerland ; and they Guarantee to that country the Integrity 
and Inviolability of its Territoiy in its new limitin, such as they 
are fixed, as well by the Act of the Congress of Vienna (No. 27) as 
by the Treaty of Paris of this day (No. 40), and such as they will 
Ire hereafter; covfoiinably to the Arrangement of the Protocol of the 
drd November, extract of which id hereto antiexed {No. 38), which 
fitipnlates in favour of the Helvetic Body a new increase of Territory, 
to he tal'cn from Savoy, in order to disengage from Enclaves, and 
complete the circle of the Canton of Geneva, 

The Powers acknowledge likewise and guarantee tjie Neutrality 
of those parta of Savoy designated by the Act of the Congress of 

• Fop French Version, see " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 369. 
370 



\ 



\ 



GRATED DUCHY OF POSEN; 
DUCHY OF WARSAW: 

(KINGDOM OF POLAND) 

CRACow; galicia; &c. 




Stmfi^^ A»g>£Mdtf U.OvortM} Cjtqm. 



'*fi.* NovtmJber, 1646. 



MAP. 
GRAND DUCHY OF POSEN; 

DUCHY OF WARSAW; 

(KINGDOM or POLAND) 

CRACOw; galicia; &c. 



No. 43] GREAT BBITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[Neutrality of Switierland and Parts of Savoy.] 

Vienna of the 20tli May, 1815 (No. 19), and by the Treaty of Paris 
Bigned this day (No. 40), the same Ijoing entitled to participate 
in the Neutrality of Switzerland, equally as if they belonged to 
tliat country.* 

Tlio Powers who signed the Declaration of the 20th of March 
(No. 9) acknowledge, in tlio most formal mamier, by the present 
Aft, that the Neutrality and Inviolability of Switzerland, and her 
Indeix?ndenco of all foreign influence, enter into the tnie inteivsts 
of the i)olicy of the whole of Europe. 

They declare that no consequence unfavourable to the nglits 
of Switzerland with respect to its Neutrality and the Inviolability 
of its Territory can or ought to be drawn from the events which 
led to the passage of the Allied Troops across a part of the Hel- 
vetic States. This passage, fix^ely consented to by the Cantons 
in the Convention of the 20th May, was the necessary result of 
the fre<.> adherenco of Switzerland to the principles manifesteil by 
the Powers who signed the Treaty of Alliance of the 25th Mareh.f 

The Powers jicknowledge with satisfaction that the conduct 
of Switzerland under these trying circumstances haa shown that 
slio knew how to make great sacrifices to the general good, and 
to the sup[)oi-t of a cause which all the Powers of Europe 
defended, and that, in fine, Switzerland has deserved the advan- 
tages which have been secured to her, whether by the An'angt^- 
nionts of the Congress of Vienna (No. 27), by the Treaty of 
Paris of this day (No. 40), or by the present Act, to which all 
tlu^ Powers in Europe are invited to acx«dc. 

Til faith of which the present Declaixition has Ixjcn concluded 
mid signed at Paris the 20th Novemlier, 1815. 

The Signatures follow in the Alphabetical Order of the Courts. 

LE PRINCE DE METTERNICIL 

LE BARON DE WESSENBERU. 

RICHELIEU. 

CASTLEREiVGH. 

WELLINGTON. 

LE PRINCE DE IIARDENBERG. 

LE BARON DE HUMBOLDT. 

LE PRINCE DE R.VSOUMOFFSKL 

LE COMTE CAPO D'ISTRIA. 



Austria. 


(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 


FnxscK. 


(L.S.) 


(tueat Brftain. 


(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 


PRI'SSIA. 


(LS.) 




(L.S.) 


KrssiA. 


(L.S.) 




(L.S.) 



« See note as to Evonts of 1860 and 1870, p. 261. 

371 



t See Appendix. 
2 B 2 



20 Nov.i 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN AND AUSTRIA, &c [hit 
[Allianoe of 4 Powers. Peace of Ewope.] 

No. ^.—TREATY of Alliance and FriendsUp bdm 
Great Britain, Amtria {Prussia, and R^issia), SjnA 
at Paris, 20th November, 1815. 

Art. Table. 

Preamble. Alliance and Friendship. Proceedings of Iiapdtoik B*** 
parte. Guarantee of Peace to Europe, 

1. Execution of Treaties of Peace, &c., with France, of 20th Norember, "^^^ 

2. Confirmation of Arrangements of 1814 and 1816. Exdunon of ^^^ 

parte Family from Supremo Power in France, Measures of G-^''***^ 
Seciurity. 

3. Military Line in France, Renewal of Alliance of ChaumotU. 
4t, Additional Forces in the event of War. Conditions of Peaoo. 
5. Duration of Engagements. 

G. Renewal of Meetings of the Allies for maintenance of Peace of Eurof^'*" 
7. Ratifications. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 
In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 
The purpose of the Alliance concluded at Vienna the 25tli. ^^^ 
of March, 1815,t having l)een happily attained by the re-^?^**" 
blishmont in France of the order of things which the last cnn^**^ 
attempt of Naj^oleon Bonaparte had momentarily subver*^^* 
Their Majesties tlie King of the United Kingdom of Great Bri*^ 
and Ii^land, the Emi3eror of Austria, King of Hungaiy ^^ 
Bohemia, the Emperor of all the Kussias, and the King* 
Prussia, considering that the ix?poso of Euroi)e is essentially *^ 
tei'woven with the confirmation of the order of things fono^^^^ 
on the maintonanco of the Royal Authority and of the 0008*^*^ 
tional Charter, and wishing to employ ail their means to W^^^y^ 
the general Tranquillity (tlie ol)joct of the wishes of mankind ^^, 
the consttuit end of their efforts', from being again disturb^f^* 
desirous moi'eovor to draw closer the ties which imite them ^ 
the common interests of their people, have resolved to giv^ , 
the principles solemnly laid down in the Treaties of Chaumon^ ^ 
the 1st March, 1814,t and of Vieima of the 25th of March, 18t^»' 
the application the most analogous to the present state of affspi*^ 
and to fix Ixiforehand by a solemn Treaty the principles whi^''^ 
they propose to follow, in order to guarantee Europe frO*** 
dangers by whicli she may still be menaced ; for which purpoS* 
the High Contracting Parties have named to discuss, settle and 
sign the conditions of this Treaty, namely ; 

♦ Fur French Version, see " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 273. 

t See AuDendix. 

iJ72 



No. 44] GREAT BRITAIN AND AUSTRU, &c. [20 Nov., 1816. 
[Alliance of 4 Powers. Peace of Borope]. 

Ilis Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland, the Right Ilonourable Robert Stewart 
Viscount Castlereagh, &c., &c, &c., and the Most Ilhistrious and 
Most Noble Loixi Arthur, Duke, Marquis and Earl of Wellington, 
Marquis of Douro, Viscount Wellington of Talavera and of 
Wellington, and Baron Douro, of Wellesley, &c., &c., &c.. 

And Ilis Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary 
and Bohemia, the Sieur Clement Wenceslas Lothaut?, Prince of 
Metteniich-Winnebourg-Ochsenhausen, &c., &c., and the Sieur 
John Philip Baron of Wessenberg, &c., &c, who, after having 
exchanged their full powers, found to be in good and duo foiiu, 
have agreed upon the following Articles : 

Execution of Treaties a/Peace^ <J-c., tvith France^ of 
20<A November, 1815. 
Art. I. The High Contracting Parties reciprocally promise to 
medntain, in its force and vigour, the Treaty signed this day with 
His Most Christian Majesty (No. 40), and to see that the stipula- 
tions of the said Treaty, as well as those of the Particular Con- 
ventions which have reference thereto (Nos. 41, 42, 45, 46), 
shall be strictly and faithfully executed in their fullest extent. 
Co7iJirmation of Arrangements of 1814 and 1815. Exclusion of 
Bonaparte Fmnihj from Supreme Power in France. Measures 
of General Security. 

Aet. II. The High Contracting Parties, having engaged in 
the War which has just terminated, for the purpose of maintaining 
inviolably the Arrangements settled at Paris last year (No. 1), for 
the safety and interest of Europe, have judged it advisable to renew 
the said Engagements by the present Act, and to confirm them as 
mutually obligat^^iy, subject to the modifications contained in the 
Treaty signed this day with the Plenipotentiaries of His Most 
Christian Majesty (No. 40), and particularly those by which Napo- 
leon Bonaparte and his family, in pursuance of the Treaty of the 
11th of April, 1814,* have been for ever excluded from Supreme 
Power in France, which exclusion the Contracting Powers bind 
themselves, by the present Act, to maintain in full \igour, and, 
should it bt» necessary, with the whole of their forces.t And as the 
* See Appendix. 

t Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed President of tho 
Frencli Republic, 20tb December, 1848, and Emperor of the French, hy tlie 
title of Napoleon III, on tbe 2nd December, 1852. Tlicse titles were recog* 
nized by all the Powers of Europe. 

373 



20 Nov., 1815.J GREAT BlilXAl^^ AM) AUSTBU, 6^. [No. 44 

[AUiance of 4 Powers. Peace of Europe]. 

same Revolutionary Priiiciples wbicli upheld tlie last criminal 
usuq^atioii, niigljt a<^ain, under other fonus, convulse France, and 
thereby endanger the i-epose of other States ; under these circuni- 
stances, the Iligli Contracting Parties solemnly admitting it to be 
their duty to redouble their watchfulness for the tranquiUity and 
Interests of their j^eople, engage, in case so unfortunate an event 
should again occur, to concert amongst themselves, and with His 
Most Chiistian Majesty, the measuivs \thich they may judge 
uecessary to be pui-sued for the safety of their respective States, 
and for the general Tranquillity of Euro}^. 

Militavy Line in France. Renewal of Alliance of (JhaumonU 
Art. III. The High Contracting Parties, in agi^eeing with lEs 
Most Christian Majesty that a Line of Militaiy Positions in France 
shoidd be occupied by a coi-ps of Allied Troops during a certain 
number of years (No. 42), had in view to secure, as far as lay in 
their power, the effect of the stipulations contained in Articles I 
and II of the present Ti-eaty, and, imifonnly disposed to adopt 
every salutary measure calculated to secm-e the Ti-anquillity of 
Europe by maintaining the order of things re-established in France, 
they engage, in case the said body of troops should be attacked 
or menaced with an attack on the part of France, that the said 
Powers should be again obliged to place themselves on a war 
establishment against that Power, in order to maintain either of 
the said stipulations, or to secui-o and support the gi-eat interests 
to which they relate, each of the High Contracting Parties shall 
furnish, without delay, according to the stipulations of the Treaty 
of Chaumont,* and especially in pursuance of Articles VII and 
VIII of this Treaty, its full contingent of 60,000 men, in ad- 
dition to the fon^es left in France, or such part of the said 
contingent as the exigency of the case may require, should be put 
in motion. 

Additional Forces in the event of War, Conditions of Peace, 
Akt. IV. If, unfortunately, the forces stipulated in the preced- 
ing Article should bo found insuflScient, the High Contracting 
Parties will concert together, without loss of time, as to the 
additional number of troops to be furnished Ijy each for the sup- 
port of the common cause; and they engage to employ, in case 
of need, the whole of their forces, in order to bring the War to a 
speedy and successful teniii nation, reserving to themselves the 
* 1st Maivh, 1814. St>« Appendix. 
374 



No. 44] OBKAT BRITAIN AND AUSTRIA, &xi. [20 Nov., 1815, 
[AlUanoe of 4 Powers, Peace of Europe.] 

right to prescribe, by common consent, such conditions of Peace 
OS shall hold out to Europe A sufficient guarantee against the 
recuiTCnce of a similar calamity. 

Duration of Engagevient^, 
Anx. V. The High Contracting Parties having agi-eed to the 
dispositions laid down ui the preceding Articles, for the purpose 
of securing the effect of their engagements during the period of . 
the tempoi-ary occupation, declare, moreover, that even after the 
expiation of this measure, the said engagements shall still 
remain in full force and vigour, for the pui-pose of caiTj'ing into 
effect such measures as may be deemed necessary' for the main- 
tenance of the stipulations contained in Artides I and II of the 
present A(;t. 

Renewal of Meetings of the Allies for Maintenance of Peace of 

Europe, 
Art. VI. To facilitate and to secure the execution of the 
present Treaty, and to consolidate the connections which at the 
present moment so closely unite the Four Sovereigns for the hap- 
piness of the world, the High Conti-acting Parties have agreed to 
i-encw their Meetings at fixed i)eriods, either under the immediate 
auspices of the Sovereigns themselves, or by their respective 
Ministei-s, for the pmpose of consulting upon their common 
interests, and for the consideration of the measures which at 
each of those periods shall be considered the most salutary for 
the repose and prosperity of Nations, and for the maintenance of 
the Peace of Europe. 

Ratifications, 

AnT. VII. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifi- 
cations shall be exchanged within two months, or sooner, if 
possible. 

In faith of wliich the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and affixed thereto the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 20th of November, in the year of Our Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGIL (L.S.) METTERNICH.' 

(L.S.) WELLINGTON. (L.S.) WESSENBERG. 

[Note. — Separate Treaties were signed on the same day by 
the Plenipotentiaries of Great Britain, Russia, and Prussiai 
respectively.] 

375 



20 Nov., 1816.] GKEAT BRITAIN. &c., AND FRANCE. QhU ^-- 
[2nd Peaoe of Pari*. Private Claims on Vnace.] 



No. 4tb.—C0N\^Xl ION between Great Britain* (imtrio, 
humay and Bussia), and France, relative to the CUm oj 
t/ie Subjects of Hie Allied Powers upon France. SipAoX 
Paris, 20th November, 1815. 

[Thin Couveiitiou was annexed to the Definitive Treaty d the 
same date. See Art«. IX, XXL] 

Aet. Table. 

Convention belweon Great Britain and France, concluded in caoSaau^ 
to Article IX of the Principal Treaty, relatire to the Exunintkm »0^ 
Liquidation of the ClaimB upon the French GoTemment. 

1. ConHrmation of Articles XIX to XXVI, XXX, and XXXI d TnmM.J 

of 30th May, 1814. 

2. Liquidation by France of Claims of Subjects of Allied Powoi. F^ 

ticular Claims to which Liquidation Extends. Supplies sad T" 
lirerics. Production of Vouchers. Regulation of Prices. Am 
of Pay and Allowances, &c. Production of Vouchers. Voiid»« "^^^ 
Claims of Civil Hospitals. Restitution of Funds by French JT^ 
Office. Exceptions. Loans to French Authorities. National I 
Indemnities. Reimbursement of Advances. Loss of QroDnd i 
Demolition and Destruction of Buildings. 

3. Hamburgh Bank Claims. 

4. Claims for Seizure of Colonial Goods in 181 3. Payment in InscripU*^** 

on Great Book of the Public Debt. 

5. Appointment of Commissioners of Liquidation and Arbitration. Af 

pointmont of Commissioners. Duties of Commissioners of liqai^' 
tion. Duties of Arbitrators. Appointment of Record-keepen tf^ 
Clerk:;. Commissioners of Arbitration to decide Cases in vlu<^ 
Commissioners of Liquidation disagree. Composition of Commiiaoo 
of Arbitration. Arbitrators to be Summoned by Record-keeper. 
Notification of Judgment to Commission of Liquidation. Limit o( 
Duties of the Commission. 
n. Reimbursement to France of Debts in Countries no longer belonging to 
France, France to pay Dividends on Inscriptions for Debts on 
Mortgage on Immovables. Countervailing Accounts to be settled by 
Mutual Consent. 

7. Reductions from Coimtervailing Accounts. 

8. Commission of Arbitration to be appointed to Settle Claim of 5V^sr. 

lands to Interest of Debt of Holland. Composition of Commissioo. 
Oath to be taken by Commissioners. Commissioners of Liquidation 
to submit their opinions to the Arbitrators for decision. 

• The Stipulations of the Conventions upon this subject, concluded at 
the same time, between Great Britain and Austria, Prussia, and Russia, were, 
verbal im, the same as this Convention j which was distinguished as Conven- 
tion " No. 13 " in the PaptTs laid before Parliament. 

37G 



No. 45] aBEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRAXCE. [20 NoV., 1815 ' 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Private Clainui on Vranoe.] 

Art. Table (continued), 

9. Li<iiud;ition of Debts of Couutries ooiod to France, Basis on whicli 
(Joinniisdioiiera of Liquidabioa aro to regulate themselvoB. 

10. Roiiuburduiueut of Socuritica. 

11. Fuiili deposit jd by Cj.n.uuues and Public EibJibUd]i:uouls. 

12. FumU of Caisse d'-igriculture of Holland. 

13. Co'Jiiniidionord of (Jbiiui to Liquiiato Claims of Ponsioua, 6lv., of 

Porioud no lougei* French Subjects. iSccaritiod. CaisiO d'Amurtisse- 
inont, and Caiddc do Service, &c. 
11. Arrears of Pensions, 

15. Re:)titution of Archives, Maps, &c., of Coded Couulries. 

16. Limit of Time for Presentation of Claims. 

17. Payment of Claims Adjudicated. 

18. Inlcrcsl on Debts. 

19. Periods for Payment of Claims. 

20. Appointment of Trustoes to rocoiTO yearly Revenue. Income to bo 

received every 6 months. Amount to bo Funded. Insufficiency of 
Income to bo made up. Disposal of Additional Inscriptions. Surplus 
of Inscriptions to be made over to French Government. 

21. Examination of Abstract of Liquidation. 

22. Renewal of Engagement by Sovereigns of Countries which have ceased 

to belong to France, 

23. Renewal of Engagement to refund to French Subjects chiims on Ac- 

count of Securities, &c. 

24. Right of French Gbvcmment to make certain Deductions. 

25. Proceedings against Persons for Non-payment of Bills Accepted by them 

previous to May 30, 1814. 

26. Rules laid down to apply to Debts which France may claim from 

Governments of Countries Detached from France. 

Additional Article, 
Claim of Counts of Bentheim* and Steinfurth, 

Separate Article, France and Russia, 

Accession of France to the Arrangements of 1811 respecting the Duchy 
of Jrarsaw. 

* Sec Prussian Patent, 3rd October, 18G6. 



37; 



20 Nov., 1815.] GBEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FSANCS. ab,tt 1^^' 
[2iid PMtce of Paris. PriTate Olaliu on Pruoi.] 

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*) 

Convention between Great Britain^ ^c, and Finance condndedik coi*^ 
formitff to Article IX of the Principal Treaty^ relative to /** 
Examination and Liquidation of the Claims upon tJu fre#*^'' 
Government.^ 

In order to remove the Difficulties which have arisen in t ^^* 
execution of divcra Ailicles of the Treaty of Paris of the 30^^ 
May, 1814 (No. 1), and especially of those relating to the Clai«=»^*^ 
of Subjects of the Allied Sovereign Powere, the ffigh Oontracti*^^ fi 
Parties, being desii-ous of enabling their respective snbjec^^-^ 
speedily to enjoy the rights which those Articles ensure to the-^ "^^^ 
and at the same time prevent as much as possible all controrer^^^^ 
which might arise on the interpretation of some of the di8poe=* *' 
tions of the said Treaty, have agreed upon the follo^ring Artide*^ =^^' 



Confirmation of Articles XIX to XXVI and XXX ami XXi 
of Treaty of 30//* May^ 1814. 

Akt. I. The Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (Ho. 
bemg confiiTued by Article XI of the Principal Treaty (Ho. 40), 
which the present Convention is annexed, this confirmation exten 
principally to Articles XIX, XX, XXI, XXII, XXIII, 
XXV, XXVI, XXX, and XXXI of the said Treaty (No. 1) BofT 
a^ the Stipulations contained in the said Articles have not 
altered or modified by the present Act ; and it is expressly 
that the explanations and developments which the High ConI 
ing Parties have thought advisable to give them by the foUo^ 
Articles, shall in no wise prejudice the Claims of any other nat 
which may be authorised by the said Treaty, though not S] 
stipulated by the present Convention, 





Liquidation by France of Claims of Subjects of Allied Poteen* 
Art. II. In conformity to this resolution, His Meet C! 

• For French version, see ** State Papers," vol. iii, p. 316. 

t The Stipulations of tlie Conventions upon this subject, oonoludsd 
tlic same time, between Qreat Britain and Austria, Prussia, and Russia, weu 
verbatim, the same as tliis Convention, which was distinguished as Con' 
tion " No. 13 " in the Papers laid before Parliament. See also Conventioii 
25th April, 1818, and Additional Arts, of 4th July, 1818. 

378 




No. 45] QREAT BBITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. [20 NOT., 1815. 
[Sod Poaoo of Paris. Private OIaIsui on 7r«nee.] 

Majesty CQgages to cause to be liquidated, in the manner herein- 
after si)ccified, all Sums which France may be foimd to owe, in 
countries out of lier territory, as fixed by the Treaty to which the 
pi\ssent Convention is annexed, by virtue of Article XIX of the 
Treaty of Paris of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), either to Individuals, 
or to *' Communes^'* or to Private Establishments the revenues 
of which are not at the disposal of Goveniment. 

Particular Claims to which Liquidation extends^ 

This liquidation shall extend particularly to the following 
Claims : — 

Supplies and Ddicerits, 

To those arising from Supplies and Deliveiies of all kind, 
fmiiished by ^^ Cofumunes" or Individuals, and in general by 
all others but the different branches of the Government, by virtue 
of Contracts or Arrangements made by the French Administrative 
Authorities, mider promise of payment ; whether the said supplies 
and deliveries may liave been furnished, either to or for the use 
' of militar^-^ magazines in general, or for the provisioning of towns 
and forti-esscs in particular, or, in shorty to the French Armies, to 
detachments of troops or of " Oendannerie^** to the French Admi- 
nistrations, or the Military Hospitals, or, in fine, for any public 
service whatsoever. 

Production of Vouchers, 

These delivenes and supplies are to be vouched by Receipts 
from the storekeepers, officers, civil or military, oommissaries, 
agents or inspectors, the validity of which shall be acknowledged 
by the Conunission of Liquidation described in Article V of the 
present Convention. 

lieguhtioH of Prices, 

The Prices shall be regulated by the contracts or other engage- 
ments of the French authorities, or in failure thereof, by the 
market prices of the places, the nearest to that where the delivery 
shall have taken place. 

An^ars of Pay and Allowances^ cjc*. 

2. To Arrears of Pay and Allowances, travelling expenses, gra- 
tuities, and other indemnifications, due to military or other persons 



20 Not., 1815.] GBEAT BKITAm, &c., A5D FRANCE. [Ho. 45 
[2kid Peace of Paria. Private Claims on Vrmaoe.] 

cinploycfl ill the French Armj', and become, by the Treaties of 
Paris of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), and 20th November, 1816 
(No. 40), subjects of another Sovereign Power, daring the period 
when the individuals in question served in the French Armies, or 
were attached to establishments thereunto belonging", such as 
hospitals, dispensaries, magazines, &c. 

Production of Vouchers. 
These demands are to be supported by the production of the 
noccssaiy Vouchers, as acquired by the existing military rules and 
regulations. 

Vottchers for Claims of Civil Hospitals. 

3. To the reimbursement of expenses for the maintenance of 
French troops in such Civil Hospitals as did not belong to the 
Government, inasmuch as the payment of that maintenance has 
been stipulated for by positive engagements. The quota of the 
said expenses is to be vouched bj' abstracts of accounts, certified 
by the Superintendents of those establishments. 

Restitution of Funds hy French Post Office. 

4. To the Restitution of Funds entrusted to the French Post 
Offices, which have not reached their destination, the event of 
force being, however, excepted. 

Exceptions. 

5. To the discharge of ^^ Mandats^'' ^^ Bons^'' and orders for 
payment, given either en the Public Treasuiy of France, or on 
the " Caismc d'amortisseineht^'' or their "annexes," as well as of 
'' Pons" given by this last-mentioned " Caisse ;" which " Mandats^^ 
*' Bons^^' and orders have been subscribed to in favour of inhabit- 
ants, " Communes^'' or establishments situated in provinces which 
have ccai^ed to fonn part of France, or which may be in the hands 
of the said inhabitants, ^'' Communes " or establishments; it not 
being possible for France to refuse payment of the same, on the 
plea that the objects, by the sale of which the said ^^Bons^^ 
" Mandats,*' and orders were to be realised, have passed imder 
foreign dominion. 

Loans to French Authorities. 
G. To Loans made to the French civil and military authorities, 
under promise of repayment. 

380 



No. 45] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[8nd Pence of P&ria. Private Claime on France.] 

National Domains Lulemnities, 

7. To Indemnities granted for non-enjoyment of national 
domains, let on lease ; to all other indemnity and refunding for 
leases of national domains, and also for professional attendance, 
remuneration, and fees for appraising, inspecting, or reporting on 
the buildings, or other objects, done by order and on account of 
the French Gk)vemment; inasmuch as the said Indemnities, 
refundings, professional attendance, remuneration, and fees, have 
been acknowledged to bo at the expense of the Government, and 
legally ordered by the French authorities at the time existing. 

Iteimhuraement of Advances. 

8. To the reimbursement of Advances made from the funds of 
the " Communes," by order of the French authorities, and under 
promise of repayment. 

Loss of Ground and Demolition and Destruction of Buildings. 

9. To Indemnities due to individuals for Loss of Ground, the 
Demolition and Destruction of Buildings, in consequence of orders 
from the French military authorities, for the enlargement or 
security of fortresses and citadels ; in such cases whei'e indemnity 
is due, by virtue of the law of 10th July, 1791, and where there 
may have been an engagement to pay, either by report of arbi- 
trators, regulating the amount oi th(^ indemnity, or by any other 
deed of the French authority's. 

Hamburgh Bank Claims,* 
Art. III. The Claims of the Senate of Hamburgh, on account 
of the Bank of that city, shall be the subject of a Si)ecial Con- 
vention between the Commissionere of His Most Christian Majesty 
and those of the City of Hamburgh. 

Claims for Seizure of Colonial Goods in 1813. 
Art. IV. Those Claims shall also be liquidated, preferred by 
several individuals against the execution of a decree, dated 
Nassen, the 8th May, 1813, by virtue of which Colonial Goods, 
part of which they had purchased of the French Government, 
were seized to their detriment, and by virtue of which they have 
been obliged to pay a second time on cottons, the . single and 
double Custom-house dues, although they had paid, in due time, 
what they owed lawfully. 
« See Conyeutiou between France and Hamburgh of 27th October, 1816. 

381 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, kc„ AND FRANCE. [No 45 
[2kid P«ace of Pari*. Private Clalma on Vranco.] 

Paijment in Inscriptions on Great Book of the Public Debt. 

These Claims shall l>e liquidated by the Commissioners ap- 
pointed by the Convention of this day, and the amount thereof 
shall be paid, in Inscnptions on the Great Book of the Public 
Debt, at a rate not under 76, in the same manner as has been 
agreeil upon with i-egard to the securities to be refunded. 

Appointment of Commissioners of Liquidation and Arbitration. 

Art. V. The High Contracting Parties, being animated by 
the desire of ngn^eing on a mode of liquidation, calculated at once 
to accelemte the same, and promote?, in each particular case, a 
final decision, have resolved, while ex|K)unding the arrangements 
of Article XX of the Treaty of 30tli May, 18H (No. 1), to appoint 
Commissions of Liquidation, to be employed, in the first place, in 
the examination of the claims ; and also Commissions of Arbi- 
tration,* which are to decide on such cases on which the former 
Commission do not agree. 

The mode to be acted upon, in this respect, is to be as 
follows : — 

Appointment of Commissioner s,\ 

1. Immediately after the exchange of the Ratifications of the 
present Treaty, France, and the other High Contracting Parties, 
or those inteivsted in this object, shall name Commissioners of 
Liquidation, and Commissionei-s of Arbitration, or Umpires, who 
are to i-eside at Paris, and shall bo instructed to direct and cany 
into execution, the Arrangements contained in Articles XVIII and 
XIX of the Treaty of 80th May, 1814 (No. 1), and Articles II, 
IV, VI, VII, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XXII, 
XXIII, and XXIV of the present Convention. 

Duties of Commissioners of Liquidation, 

2. The Commissioners of Liquidation are to be named by all 
the parties interested, in such numbers as eacli of them may think 
proper to appoint. They will be instructed to receive and examine, 

• See ConTontion of 27th October, I8I6. 

f The Commissionera of Liquidation wore : — Mr. Colin Alexander 
Mackenzie and Mr. George Lewis Newnham. The Comniiseioners of Arbi- 
tration were : — Mr. George Hammond and Mr. Dayid Ricliard Morier. The 
Commissioners of Deposit were : — Mr. David Richard Morier and Mr. James 
Drummond. Their appointments were dated 27th December, 1815. 

382 



No. 46] GBBAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Hoy., 1818. 
[8nd PMkoe of Paris. Private Olaims on FranM.] 

according to a scale fixed upon for that purpose, and with the 
least possible delay, and liquidate, if there be just cause, all 
Claims. 

Each Commissioner shall be at liberty to unite in one Com- 
mittee all tlie Commissioners of the respective (Jovemments, and to 
h\y bofo)X3 them and cause them to examine the Claims of the 
Subjects of his Government, or else to treat 8e|)arately >vith the 
French Govemmont. 

Duties of Arbitrators. 

3. The Arbitrators are to be instructed to decide definitively, 
and without api)eal, on all cases refen-ed to them in conformity to 
the present Article, by the Conimissioneis of Liquidation, who 
may not have been able to agree thereon. All the Iligh Con- 
tracting Pai-ties, or those interested, may name as many of these 
Arbitrators as they may think proper ; but every one of these 
Arbitrators must make oath before the Chancellor of France, and 
in the presence of the Muiisters of the other Iligh Contracting 
Parties residing at Paris, to imss judgment, vnthout partiality 
whatever for the parties, according to the principles laid down 
by the Treaty of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), and by the present 
Convention. 

Ajypointment of Mecof^l Keepers and Clerks. 

4. As soon as the Arbitrators named by France, and by at 
least two of the other parties interested, shall have taken this 
Oath, all the said Commissioners who may be in Paris shall meet, 
undc4- the Presidency of the Senior Commissioner, for the purpose 
of arranging the Appointments of one or more of the Recorders 
or Record Keepers, and of one or more Clerks, who are to be sworn 
before them, as well as for the purpose of discussing, if necessary, 
a gencml system for the dispatch of business, the keeping of the 
Registers, and other matters of internal regulation. 

Commissioners of Arbitration to Decide Cases in which Commissianfra 
of Liquidation Disagree. 

5. The Commissioners appointed to form the Commissions of 
Arbitration being thus ordained, whenever the Commissioners of 
Liquidation shall not have agi^eed on a Case, the Arbitrators are to 
proceed with the same in the manner hereinafter mentioned. 

8M 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [No. 45 
[find Peace of Paris. Private Claims on France.] 

Composition of Commission of Arbitration. 

6. In those cases wherein the Claims are of the nature provided 
for by the Treaty of Paris, or by the present Convention, and 
wherein the question is merely to determine on the validity oT the 
Demand, or the amount of the Sum claimed, the Commission of 
Arbitration is to be composed of 6 Umpu^s, namely, 8 French, 
and 3 appointed by the reclaiming Government. * 

The said 6 Arbitrators shall then draw lots, for the purpose 
of deciding which of them is to be thrown out, and being thus 
reduced to 5, are then finally to deteimine on the Claim referred 
to them. 

7. In the event of the question being whether the contested 
Claim can be reckoned amongst those provided for by the Treaty 
of Paris of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), or by the present Convention, 
the Commission of Arbitration is to be composed of 6 members, 
whereof 3 are to be French, and 3 named by the Govern- 
ment reclaiming. These 6 Umpii-es are then to decide by a 
majority, whether the Claim is susceptible of being admitted to 
liquidation ; in the event of an equality of votes, the examina- 
tion of the affaii- is to be suspended, and is to become subject 
matter of future regular negotiation between the Governments. 

8. Every time that a case shall be referred to the decision of a 
Commission of Arbitration, the Govenimcnt, whoso Commissioner 
of Liquidation shall not have been able to agree with the French 
Government, shall name 3 Umpires, and France shall name as 
many ; all of them chosen amongst those who shall have taken, 
or may take, previously to their acting, the stipulated Oath. This 
choice is to be made known to the Record Keeix?r, at the same 
time transmitting to him the whole of the docmnents. The 
Record Keeper will duly note this nomination and the deposit of 
the papers, and will enter the claim in the proper register, which 
shall have been opened for that purpose. 

Arbitrators to be summoned by Record Keeper. 

When the turn of a Claim shall come round in its regular order 
of entry, the Record Keeper is to summon the 6 Arbitrators 
above named. 

AVhen the case shall happen to be one of those specified in 
Section G of the present Article, the names of the said 6 Arbi- 
trators shall be put in an uni ; the last diawn shall of course go 

384 






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illl-ti.ii'! i;. »»• :■;.;•,•. 



•^#ri 0//".'.i.- '• //' / . 6 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN. Ac., AND FRANCE. [llo4S 
[Sod PeaM of Paris. Private Claims on Pzaiioi.1 

by mortgag:es upon countries which have ceased to form put d 
France, or otherwise contracted by their internal AdmixostniiaD, 
and which have been converted into Inscriptions in the Gmt 
B(X)k of the National Debt of France, have agreed that tb 
amount of the Capital which each of the CrovemmentsdtheaMl 
i-espective coiuitries may have to reimburse to France, shaD be 
detenninod by the price which the funds may bear, on an avenge^ 
between the day of the signature of the present ConveDtioiiiBd 
the 1st January-, IdlG. This capital is to be made good to Fnoce, 
according to the statements which the Conmiission appointed by 
Article V of the present Convention shall draw up and settle 
every two months after the titles have been duly verified, on the 
strength of which the inscriptions have been made. 

France to paii Dividends on Inscriptions for Debts on Morlga^f'^ 

Immovables. 
France is not to be reimbursed the amount of the InscriptiflnB 
arising from Debts secured by Mortgage on Immovables wbich 
the Fi-ench Government have alienated, whatever be the natoe 
of the said immovables, provided the purchasers thereof hive 
paid the aniomit into the hands of the agents of the French Govern- 
ment, miless the said immovables should at present be (otherwise 
than by jx^ssessiou obtained unfairiy during the continuance of 
the FixMich Administration) in the hands either of the praeent 
Government, of public establishments, or of the fonntf po** 
8es8t)i's. The French Government remains charged with the pay* 
nient of the dividends on those Inscriptions. 

CountervaiUrnj Accounts to be settled by Mutual Consent 
Tlio Countervailing Accounts of what may become due to 
France in inscriptions, and the payments to which she has engage^ 
herself l>y the present Convention, cannot be settled but witl^ 
mutual consent, cxco])ting for what follows in the succeeding 
Article. 

Reductions from Countervailing Accounts. 
AuT. VII.* From these i-cimbursements shall be deducted: 
1. Tlie Intei-est on Inscriptions in the Great Book of the Stat^ 
till the i>eriod of the 22nd December, 1813; also, the Intere*-^ 
which France may have paid subsequently to that period, shall 
in like nunnner, be made good to her by the respective Govern - 
ments. 

*^ See Convention of 2oth April, 181S. 
386 



No. 45] GREAT BEITAIX, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[dud Peace of Parle. Private Olaime on France.] 

2. The capitals and interest secured by mortgage on immov- 
ables alienated by the French Government, although the said 
capitals have not yet been converted into lusciiptions in the Great 
Book of the Public Debt; provided, however, that on account 
of the present stipulation, nothing shall be done contrary to the 
laws or orders of the Government, which decreed forfeitures, &c., 
or in virtue of which the Debts were to become extinct to the 
benefit of France by way of " confusion," or of compensation. 

Commission of Arbitration to be Appointed to settle Claim of Nether^ 
lands to Interest of Debt of Holland. 

Art. VIII. The French Goveniment having refused to recog- 
nise the claim of the Govenmient of the Low Countries, relative 
to the payment of the Interest of the Debt of Holland, which may 
not have been paid for the half years of March and Sei)tember, 
1813, it is 'agreed to refer to a Commission of Arbitration the 
decision of the principle of the said question. 

Cofnposition of Commission, 

This Commission is to be composed of 7 members, two of 
them to be named by the French Government, two by the Govern- 
ment of tlie Netherlands, and the three others to be chosen from 
the States decidedly neuter, and who have no interest in the 
question, such as Russia, Gix;at Biitain, Sweden, Denmark, and 
the Kingdom of Naples. The choice of these three last Com- 
missioners is to be made in such manner, that one of them is to 
bo named by the French Government, another by that of the 
Netherlands, and the third by the said two neutral Commis- 
sionei's. 

Oath to be taken hf Commissioners. 

The Commission is to meet at Paris, on the 1st of February, 
1816. The membei-s thereof are to take the same Oath to which 
the Commissioners of Arbitration ai^ subject, as stated in Article V 
of the present Convention, to l)e administered in the same 
manner. 

Commissioners of Liquidation to submit their Opinions to the Arbi^ 
traforsfvr Decision. 

As soon as the Commission shall be constituted, the Commis- 
sioners of Liquidation of the two Powers shall each submit in 

887 2 2 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [Ho. 46 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Private Olaime on Franoe.] 

writing the arguments in support of their opinion, in order that 
the Arbitrators may be enabled to decide which of the two Govern- 
ments, the French Government, or the Government of the Nether- 
lands, shall be bound to pay the aforesaid Arrears of Interest, 
taking for basis the dispositions of the Treaty of Paris, of 30th 
May, 1814 (No. 1), and whether the reimbursement which the 
Government of the Netherlands may have to make to Franoe, for 
Inscriptions of the Debts of Coimtries re-united to the Crown of 
the Netherlands, and detached from France, is to be required 
without deducting the dividends of the Debt of Holland, in arrear 
for 1813. 

Liquidation of Debts of Countries Ceded to France. 

Art. IX. The liquidation shall bo proceeded in, of the unpaid 
interest of the Debts secured on mortgage upon the soil of 
countries ceded to Franco by the Treaties of Campo Fonnio* and 
Luneville,f and arising from loans formally acknowledged by 
the Governments of the ceded countries, or from expenses in- 
curred by the effective administration of the said countries. 

Bases on which Commissioners of Liquidation are to Regulate 
themselves. 

The Commissioners of Liquidation are to regulate their opera- 
tions according to the dispositions of the Treaties of Peace, and 
the laws and decrees of the Fi-ench Government, with respect to 
the liquidation and extinction of the debts of the nature in 
question. 

lleimhursement of Securities. 

Art. X. As it has l)eon stipulated by Article XXIII of the 
Treaty of Paris, of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), that the French 
Government should reimburse the Securities given by the public 
functionaiies entrusted with the management of public money in 
the countries separated from France, 6 months after the pre- 
senting of their accounts, the case alone of misdemeanour being 
excepted, it remains agreed : 

1. That the obligation of presenting their accounts to the 
French Government does not extend to the Receveurs Communaux ; 
nevertheless, as the French Government has liad an interest in 

• (17th October, 1797). See Appendix. 

t (9th February, 1801). See Aopendix. 

.S88 



No. 45] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[Slid Peace of Farie. Private Claims on France.] 

certain portions of tho receipts wherewith those accountable 
persons were charged, and that consequently it may still call for 
redress against them, in cases of misdemeanour, no application 
for restitution of their Securities shall be presented, without being 
accompanied by a certificate from the 8uj)erior authorities of the 
country to which these persons accountable may belong, at the 
same time specifying the sum which, after the audit of their 
accounts, shall have been acknowledged to be due to the French 
(Government on the account above mentioned, and which the latter 
shall deduct from the security, givmg proof that nothing is due 
to the same, except, in either case, the deduction of those balances 
which Franco has reserved to hei*self by Article XXIV of the 
present Convention. 

2. The accounts of the functionaries who have had the 
management of money belonging to the French Government, and 
who were bound to have their administration approved by the 
Court of Accounts, shall be examined by the French Government, 
in conjunction with the Commissioner of the present Government 
of the province where the person accountable has been employed. 

The examination of each account is to take place within 6 
months after it has been delivered in ; if during this period no 
decision has been given, the French Government renounces all 
claim against the person accountable. This stipulation does not 
derogate, with respect to those who are accountable, from the 
time of forfeiture fixed by Article XVI, it being well understood 
that, in the event of the non-presentation of the accounts, the 
French Government reser^^es to itself the right of proceeding 
against the said persons accoimtable, in the customary manner. 

8. The functionaries not being liable to be made responsible 
for what has occurred relative to their " CaiMW," since the en- 
trance of the Foreign Troops, it has been expressly agreed, that 
the French Government are not to charge them with the balances 
which they owed at that period, and that it shall only be a mani- 
fest misdemeanor, committed before the entrance of those Troops, 
which shall authorise the French Government to withhold the 
whole, 01 part of the Security. In all other respects the same is 
to be restored, in the manner expressed in Article XIX, Section 2. 

Funds deposited by Communes and Public Establishments, 
Art. XL Conformably to Article XXV of the Treaty of the 
30th May, 1814 (No. 1), the Funds deposited by "Cowwt/ww," and 

389 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. [Ho. 45 
[Snd Peace of Parle. Private Olaime on Franee.] 

Public Establishments, in the coffers of the Grovemments, are to 
be repaid to them, with deduction of the advances which may 
have been made to them. The Commissioners of Liquidation are 
to verify the amount of the said deposits and advances. Never- 
theless, should there be lodged any attachments, the repayment 
of these funds shall not take i)lace until replevin shall have been 
ordered, by the proper tribunals, or voluntarily allowed by the 
attaching creditors. The French Government shall be bound to 
show the justice of the said attachments. It is well understood 
that such attachments, lodged by creditors who are not French- 
men, cannot authorise the French Government to detain these 
deposits. 

Funds of Caiase (T Agriculture of Holland. 

Art. XII. The Funds belonging to the " Caisse d' Agriculture^* 
of Tlolland, and which have been lodged as a deposit in the 
" Caisse iVAmoi^tissenient^' in the " Caisse de Service^'* or in any 
other " Caisse ** of Government, shall be restored, as well as all 
other Deposits, with the exception of such compensations as the 
said "Catsaw" may have to debit the said Funds, 

Commissionera of Liquidation and Arbitration to liquidate Claiina 
of Pensions, ^c, of Persons no longei- French Subjects. Seeu^ 
rities. Caisse d^Amortissement, and Caisse de Service j jrc 

Art. XIII. The Commissioners of Liquidation and of Arbitra- 
tion ordained by virtue of Article V of the present Convention, 
shall also be employed in the liquidation of the objects recited in 
Articles XXII to XXV of the Treaty of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), 
and shall proceed in the same manner, with regard to these points, 
as that adopted for thq other liquidations with which they 
are charged. The French Government engages to deliver, 4 
months after the signature of the present Convention, to the 
respective Commissioners of Liquidation, exact statements, drawn 
from the Treasuiy and other Registers, of all sums and debts 
alluded to in the afoi-esaid Articles ; and these statements are to 
be compared with the receipts of the claimants, for the purpose of 
being thus proved, 

A rrears of Pensions, 
Art. XIV. Article XXVI of the Treaty of the 30th May, 
1814 (No. 1), which releases the French Government, from the 

390 




Ho. 43] GEEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[find Peace of Paris. Private Claims on France.] 

1st January, of the same year, fmm the f)ayraents of all Pensions, 
civil, military, and ecclesiastical, allowances on retiring, and half 
pay to all individuals no longer subjects of France, is maintained. 
With regard to the arrears of Pensions to the period above 
mentioned, the French Government engages to give evidence of 
tliem, by furnishing exact statements, drawn from the Pension 
Registers, which are to be compared with those kept by the local 
Administrative Authorities, 

Restitution of Archives^ Maps^ ^c, of Ceded Countries. 

Art. XV. Doubts having arisen upon Article XXXI of the 
Treaty of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), concemmg the restitu- 
tion of the Maps of the Countries which have ceased to belong to 
France, it is agreed that all the Maps of the Countries ceded, 
including those which the French Government has caused to be 
executed, shall be exactly given up, with the copper plates 
belonging to them, in the space of 4 weeks after the exchange 
of the Ratifications of the present Treaty. The same shall be 
done respecting the Archives, Maps, and Plates taken away from 
the Countries occupied for a time by the different armies, as it is 
stipulated in the 2nd paragraph of Article XXXI of the said 
Treaty, 

Limit of Time for Presentation of Claims. 

Art. XVI. Governments who have Clums to prefer in behalf 
of their Subjects, engage to cause them to be presented for liqui- 
dation within a year, datipg from the day of the exchange of the 
Ratifications of the present Treaty, after which tune they are to 
forfeit all right to claim and recovery. 

Payment of Claims Adjudicated. 
Art. XVIi. Every two months an abstract is to be drawn up 
of the liquidations finally adjusted, approved, or dedded, speci- 
fying the name of each creditor, and the amount for which his 
debt is to be discharged, either in principal or arrears of interest. 
The sums which are to be paid in cash by the Royal Treasury, 
either for capital or interest, shall be remitted to the Commis- 
sioners of Liquidation of the Government concerned, upon their 
receipts, signed or approved by the French Liquidators. With 
regard to the debts which, in conformity to Articles IV and XIX 
of the present Convention, are to be paid in Inscriptions in the 

391 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BBITAIN, kc, A5D FRANCE. [Ho. 46 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Private Claims oa VrwJtemJ} 

Great Book of the Public Debt, they are to be entered in the 
uaineB of the Comiuissioners of Liqaidation of the Grovemiiieiits 
concerned, or of those whom they may appoint. These Inscrip- 
tions are to Ixj taken from the Guarantee Fund stipulated by 
Article XX of the present Convention, and in the manner specified 
by Article XXI. 

Interest on Debts. 

Art. XVIII.* All Debts which bear Interest, either aooording 
to law or the Treaty of the 30th May, 1814 (No. IX are to con- 
tinue to bear the same. With respect to those to which no 
Interest a]>[jertains, either from their nature or by the said Treaty, 
they ai"e to ]>ear an interest of 4 per cent, from the date of the 
signature of the present Convention. All interest is to be paid in 
cash, and on the amount of the nominal value of the debt. The 
stipulations relathig to interest are to be reciprocal between 
France and the other Contracting Powers. 

Periods for Pm/ment of Claims, 

Art. XIX.* The Treaty of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), in 
regulating the periods witliin which the payments were to be 
completed, proclaimed 3 Classes of Debts. In order to make 
things agree with such an arrangement, it has been resolved 
to adopt, in like mamier, 3 Classes for Reimbursement, as 
follows : — 

1. The Dei)Osits legally entrusted to the " Caisse ^Amortisse-' 
ment " are to be refimded in money within 6 months from the 
exchange of the Ratifications of the present Convention, whenever 
the delivery of the documents shall have taken place during the 
first tliree months of the liquidation. Those cases whereof the 
dr)cuments shall have been delivered in subsequently are to be 
liquidated within the succeeding 8 months. 

2. The Debts arising from the payment of securities, or from 
funds which were dei^sited by the ^^ Communes'' and Public Esta- 
blishments in the " Caisse de Service^"" the " Caisse d'Amortissementj'* 
or any other '* Caisse " of the French Government, are to be reim- 
bursed in Inscriptions in the Great Book of the Public Debt, at 
par, on condition, however, that in the event of the price of the 
day of settlement beuig under 75, the French Government is to 
have the benefit of the difference between the price of the day 
and 75. 

* See Convention of 25tli April, 1818. 
392 



No. 45] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Private Olaima- on France.] 

3. The Other Debts not comprehended in the two preceding 
sections are to be likewise reimbursed in Inscriptions at par, with 
this difference, however, that the French Government guarantees 
to them only a price of 60, at the same time engaging to make 
good the difference between the price of the day and 60. 

Appointment of Trustees to receive Yearly Revenue. 
Art. XX. On the 1st of January next, at latest, shall be in- 
scribed, as a Guarantee Fund, in the Great Book of the Public 
Debt of France, a Capital producing 3,500,000 French francs 
yearly revenue, with possession from 22nd March, 1816, in the 
name of two, four, or six Commissioners, one-half of them sub- 
jects of His Most Christian Majesty, and the other half of the 
Allied Sovereign Powei-s ; which said Commissioners are to be 
chosen and appointed, namely, one, two, or three by the French 
Government, and one, two, or three by the Allied Powers. 

Income to be Received every Six Months. 
They are to receive the said 3'early Income every 6 months, 
of which they are to be the trustees, without power of nego- 
tiating the same. 

Amount to he Funded. 
They are to place the amount thereof in the Public Funds, 
and receive the accumulated and compound Interest of the same 
for. the benefit of the creditors. 

Insufficiency of Interest to be made vp to pay Amount of Debts. 

In case the 3,500,000 francs of Interest shall be insufficient, 
there shall be delivered to the said Commissioners, Inscriptions 
for larger sums, until their amount shall equal what may be 
necessary to pay the Debts mentioned in the present Conven- 
tion. 

Disposal of Additional Inscriptions. 

These Additional Inscriptions, if they are necessary, shall be 
made over with the Dividends from the same period as the 
3,500,000 francs yearly revenue above stipulated, and shall be 
administered by the same Commissioners, and according to the 
same principles, so that the Debts which shall remain to be paid 
shall be paid with the same proportion of Accumulated and Com- 
jxjund Interest as if the Fund of Guarantee had been from the first 
suffici^'ut. 

393 



20 Rot^ 1815.: GREAT BS!T-- IV * ±SD TRMSC9L Tl«. 45 
of Psria. Trtr^vs Claims ok Twmmtm^l 



A a vx^n i* ::.e j^ijiii^-i.:- f-- r-. r!i»r •■rviiT-rs *!iall have been 
L;ai*r- the rT'irpi-' :' ::- Ii.-.r::T: r.* r.-.t enfl-ve*! if there be 
ar;v. ar* w^H jl* t:.f- fr.T» rr:.:. ■ :' i«XT:L-'i!ji:»r'i and ojmpotmd 
ij.t^r*r*t wLxL ^h-i!] y^\ z.j tL*-r*"-r \ •:.'ir! !<• riven up to the ^a- 
p^/*^ of the Freri^ri G •vrnii^e:.:. 

Akt. XXL In i^ ^- -rt: T; ^^ tie A?/-t:Ta..t* of Liqoi-iatkai pre- 
ft.?ri>jed by Anicle XVII ..f tLe pre^M Co&venii'ju shall be 
deiivert-1 i ^ the Trustees • r C-.-iLi^iss; ners • i Dtj>:«^it, the latter 
are to exaiaiLe the saii*'-, lii or*i»rr t ^ their l-elu^ f'>rthwith entered 
in the Great Br^>k of the PaWic De>t. t«> tlie deHt of their trust, 
and ti the cre«iit of the 0"'iiir:;issL«>uers of L!|aidatioD of the 
reclaimin;;^ Govemnient-*. 

K^nencal of Engagiim^tnh f'y .ior^rei'jh^ oj C<nintne.i which hare 
c^,''t.*»d to hilong to Frnncr. 

Art. XX I L* The |»rei?ent .Sjverei^s of the Countries which 
have ceased to bel«>ng to France hereby renew the engagement 
which they have contracted by Article XXI of the Treaty of the 
30th May, 181 i (No. 1), t » aix-ount with the French Government 
from the 22nd December, 1813. for such of the Debts of the said 
Countries as have been converted into Ins^-iiptions in the Great 
Book of the Public Debt of France. The Accounts relative to all 
the said Debts shall be drawn up and adjusted by the Commis- 
sions appointed by Article V of the present Convention. It is 
understood that France is to continue the payment of the divi- 
dends on these Inscriptions. 

Renewal of Engagement to Refund to French Subjects Claims oh 
account of Securities^ <ir. 
Art. XXIII. The Governments aforesaid renew the engage- 
ment to refund to French subjects in the service of the ceded 
Countries the sums which they may have to claim on account of 
Securities, or Deix«its in their respective Treasuries. Tliese reim- 
bursements shall Ixj made in the same manner as that agreed 
ujion in Article XIX of the present Convention towards subjects 
of the said Countries for payments of a like nature. 

Right of French Government to male certain Deductions, 
Art. XXIV. It is resened to the Freiidi Government the 

* Sec Convention of 25t]i Ajiril, 1818. 



No. 46] aKEAT BKITAIN, &l., AND FRAnCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[Sad Peace of Parle. Private Claime on France.] 

light of deducting from those Secunties, which by Article XXII 
of the Treaty of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), and by Article X 
of the present Convention it has engaged to i*efund, the Balances 
due from i^ersons accountable whom a Judgment of the Court of 
Accounts given before the 30th May, 1814, shall have declared 
to be withholders of Public Money. 

Such Deduction is to take place, however, without being pre- 
judicial to the i>roceedings which, in default of suflBcient Security, 
may he dii-ected against the Defaulters, m the ordinary course, 
beforc the Tnbunals of the Countries wherein the peraons account- 
able have settled. 

Proceedings against Persons for Non-paf/ment of Bills accepted by 
thein previous to 30th May^ 1814. 
Art. XXV. In the Countries ceded by the Treaty of the 80th 
May, 1814 (No. 1), and by the present Treaty, such persons 
who have accepted Bills, negotiable, to the advantage of the 
Royal Treasury, or of the " Caisse iVAmortissemenV^ (not receivers 
of direct contributions), and who should not have honoured the 
same when they became due, may be proceeded against for pay- 
ment, before the regular Tiibunals of the Country where they are 
settled, unless they should have been compelled to pay them 
before the 30th May, 1814, or, with regard to the Countries 
ceded by the present Treaty, before the 20th November, 1816, in 
favour of the Agents of the now possessors of the Countries. 

Rules laid down to apply to Debts which France niay claim from 
Governments of Countries detached from France. 
Art. XXVI. All that has been agreed to by the present Con- 
vention, with respect to the period within which the creditors of 
France are to deliver in their Claims for Liquidation, the tune when 
the Abstracts of Liquidations are to be drawn up, the Interest to 
be allowed to the respective classes of Debts, and the manner in 
which they are to be paid, applies equally to those Debts which 
France may have to clsdm from the Governments of the Countries 
detached from France. 

Done at Paris, the 20th November, ui the year of Om- Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGtt 
(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 
(L.S.) RICHELIEU. 

395 



20 Nov., 1815.] GKEAT BRITAIN, &c., XHTD FRANCE. [KciS 
[Snd Peace of Paris. Bentheim and SteiBftufh CUlm.] 

Additional Article. Parisy 20th November, 1815. 
Claim of Counts of Bentheim and Steinfurth 

The IIouso of the Counts of Bentheim and Steinforth iiamg 
advanced a claim against the French Government upon diSeteot 
gromids, viz. : — 

Francs. 
In pursuance of a Convention of the 22nd of May, 

1804* 800,000 

Interest at 6 per cent, i^er annum upon that sum .... 480,000 

For restitution of the land tax 78,200 

Clearing the Ysel 80,000 

For various alienations and indemnities 634,000 

For the revenues of the County of Bentheim, since the 

French Government took possession thereof 2,225,000 

Total 4,247,200 

It has been settled, in the form of an Agreement, that the 
Government of France shall pay to that House, in lieu of every 
claim whatsoever: 

1. The sum of 800,000 francs in specie, to be pjdd by IStto, 
in Monthly Instalments, commencing from the 1st Janoaiy, 1816. 

2. The sum of 510,000 francs, by Inscriptions in the Great 
Book of the Public Debt, at par, guaranteeing to the same the 
exchange at 75, or making upthe difference between the exchange 
of the day and 75. 

These Inscriptions shall be delivered before the let January, 
and the Interest on them shall commence from the 22nd March, 
1816. 

In consideration of the payment of this sum of 1,310,000 
francs, the House of the Counts of Bentheim and Steinfurth re- 
nounces the right of advancing or renevring any Claim against 
the French Govemment, under any title or on any ground what- 
soever, the said renunciation being made by agreement. 

Done at Paris, the 20th of November, in tlie year of our Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAQH. 
(L.S.) WELLINGTON. 
(L.S.) RICHELIEU. 

* See Appendix. 



39G 



No. 451 GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[8nd Peace of Paris. Warsaw Claims.] 

Separate Article between France and Russu. 
20th November, 1815. 

Accession of Frame to Avrangetnents of 1814 respecting the Duchy 

of Warsaw. 

(Translation).* 

In execution of the Additional Article to the Treaty of 80th 
May, 1814 (No. 1), His Most Christian Majesty engages to send, 
without delay, to Warsaw, one or more Commissioners to assist, 
in his name, according to the terms of the said Article, in the 
examination and the liquidation of the Reciprocal Claims of 
France and of the late Duchy of Warsaw, and to all arrangements 
relating thereto. 

His Most Christi€ui Majesty acknowledges, with reference to 
the Emperor of Russia, in his character as King of Poland, the 
nullity of the Convention of Bayonne,t it being well understood 
that that disposition can only receive its application in conformity 
with the principles established in the Conventions referred to in 
Article IX of the Treaty of this day.f 

The present Separate Article shall have the same force and 
effect as if it were inserted word for word in the Treaty of this 
day. 

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed 
it, and have affixed thereto the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 20th November, in the year of Our Lord, 
1815. 

(L.S.) RICHELIEU. 
(L.S.) RASOUMOPFSKY. 
(L.S.) CAPODISTRLiS. 

• For French Vertion Bee " State Papers," yoL iu, p. 841. 

t Conycntion between France and Saxony of 10th May, 1808, annulled. 

X See p. 388. 



397 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BBITAIN, kc, AND FBAKCE. [)io.tf j 
[8nd Peace of Farie. Olalnui of Britieli Sal^Mto.] 

No. M.— CONTENTION between Great Mak (d 
Fra)we, relative to the Claims of British Subjects, Sujid 
at Paris, 20th November, 1815.* 

[This Convention was annexed to the Definitive Treaty of tie 
same date. See Arts- IX, XII.] 

Abt. Tablb. 

Conyontion between Oreal Britain and Ihutce, concluded in oonfomutj 
urith Article IX of the Principal Treaty, relatiye to the ExumtttkiB 
and Liquidation of the Claims of the Subjects of H» Brituaie 
Majesty againat the GoYcmment of IVauce, 

1. Claims of British Subjects on French GoTemment 

2. Claims for Confiscated Stock. Conditions in favour of Creditontobi 

added to amount of Stock. Date of New Inscriptions. £xoeptu»9. 
8. Life Annuity Claims. Date of New Inscriptions. Claimants to Produce 
Touchers. Certificates of Death of Deceased Annuitants. 

4. Arrears of Perpetual and Life Annuities to be Inscribed in Qiest Book 

of Public Debt. Date of New Inscriptions. 

5. Kules for Determining Capital due on Immoyable Property. Froo&tobi 

produced by British Subjects. Facilities to be ailbrded bjFnocii 
GoTcrnment. Determination of Value of ImmoTaUe Fropcity* 
Capital to bo Inscribed in Great Book of Public Debt. Intereit on 
Arrears due upon Capitol. 

6. Rules determining Capital due on Arrears. Proofs to be produced l^ 

Claimants. Capital allowed to be Inscribed in Great Book of PuUic 
Debt. Arrears of Interest to bo Inscribed in Great Book of Public 
Debt. Tessels, Ships, Cargoes, and Morable Property not to be 
admitted to Liquidation. 

7. Claims for Loans and Mortgages on Sequestered Property. CWmi to 

be paid in Inscriptions on the Great Book. Advantages secured to 
Claimants by Edicts or Decrees. 

8. Division of Inscriptions arising to each Creditor. 

9. Capital to be Inscribed as a Fund of Guarantee in the Name of Coo* 

missioncrs. Commissioners to receive the Interest for the PK»'*' 
Creditors. Amount of Inscriptions to be increased to meet the inc* 
sary Payments. 

10. Certificates to be Delivered to Creditors. 

11. Certificates to bo Inscribed in the Great Book of the Public "0^ 

Interest and Capital to bo paid to Creditors by the Commissionefl. 

• This Convention was distinguislied as " No, 7 '* in the Papers laid bcf<>^ 
Parliament. 

The Commissioners appointed under tliis Convention were :— Mr. Cd-^ 
Alexander Mackenzie, Mr. George Lewis Newnham, Mr. Gkorge Himniott^ 
Mr. David Richard Morier, Mr. James Drummond. Their appointm*** 
were dated 27th December, 1815. 

See also Convention of 25th April, 1818. 

898 



No. 46] GREAT^BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1816. 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Claims of British Subjects.] 

Abt. Table (coiiiinued). 

12. Delay lo be allowed to ClaimantB. 

13. Appoint meut of Commissioners. Liquidation, &c., of Sums allowed by 

Commissioners. Certificates to bo Deliyorod on Claims being allowed. 

14. Commission of Arbitration. Vacancies in either Commission to be 

Filled up without Delay. Absent Commissioner of Liquidation to be 
Heplaccd by one of the Arbitrators. Absent Commissioner of Arbi- 
tration to be replaced by a Commissioner of Liquidation. Oath to 
be token by New Commissioners. 

15. Oath to be taken by Commissioners of Liquidation, Deposit, and Arbitra- 

tion. Power to Commissioners to call Witnesses. 
IG. Time of Eestoration of French Colonies of Martinique and Chtadalou^. 
17. Restoration of Prisoners of War. 

Additional Article, 
Bordeaux Claims. 

(English Version.*) 

Convention between OrecU Britain and France^ concluded in con" 
formity with Article IX of the Principal Treattf^ relative to the 
Examination and Liquidation of the Claims of the Subjects of His 
Britannic Majesty against the Oovernment of France, 

Claims of British Subjects on French OovernmenL 

Art. I. The Subjects of His Britannic Majesty having Claims 
upon the Fpench Goveniment, who, in contravention of Article II 
of the Treaty of Commerce of 1786,t and since the 1st of January, 
1793, have suffered on that account, by the Confiscations or 
Sequestrations decreed in France, shall, in conformity with 
Additional Article IV of the Treaty of Paris, of the year 1814 
(No. 1), themselves, their heirs, or assigns. Subjects of His Bri- 
tannic Majesty, bo indemnified and paid, when their Claims .shdl 
have been admitted as legitimate, and when the amount of them 
shall have been ascertained, according to the forms, and under 
the conditions, hereafter stipulated. 

Claims for Coi^fiscated Stocl\ 
Art. II. The Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, holders of 
l)ennaneut Stock under the French Government, and who on that 
account have, since the 1st of January, 1793, suffered by the Con- 

• For French rersion, see " State Papers," toI. Ui, p. 848. 

t Commerce only. 

899 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, ic, AND FRANCE. [No. 46 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Olaima of Britiah Sulijeota.] 

fiscations or Sequestrations decreed in France, shall themselves, 
their heirs or assigns, Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, be 
inscribed in the Great Book of the Consolidated Debt of France, 
for an amount of Stock equal to the amount of the Stock they 
possessed prior to the Laws and Decrees of Sequestration or of 
Confiscation above-mentioned. 

Conditions in favour of Creditors to be added to amount of Stock. 

In the cases in which the Edicts or Decrees constituting' the 
above-mentioned Stock shall have added thereto profitable con- 
ditions or favourable chances, account shall be had thereof in 
favour of the Creditors, and an addition, founded upon a just 
evaluation of such advantages, shall be made to the amount of 
the Stock to be inscribed. 

Date of New Inscriptions. 

The New Inscriptions shall bear date, and bear Interest, from 
the 22nd of March, 1816. 

Eocceptions. 

Such Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, who, by receiving 

thou- annuities at a 3rd, after the 30th of September, 1797, have 

submitted themselves by their own act to the Laws existing upon 

this subject, are excepted from the above-mentioned dispositions. 

Life Annuity Claims. 

Art. III. Such of the Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, or 
their heirs or assigns, subjects of Ilis Bntannic Majesty, as pos- 
sessed Life Annuities from tlio French Government, before the 
Decrtes of Confiscation or Sequestration, shall equally be inscribed 
upon the Great Book of the Life Annuities of JVance, for the same 
sum of Life Annuities as they enjoyed in 1 793. Such of the Subjects 
of His Britannic Majesty, however, as have changed the nature 
of their Claims, by receiving their Annuities at a 3rd, and thus by 
their own act have submitted themselves to the Laws existing 
upon this subject, shall l)e excepted from the above dispositions. 

Date of New Inscriptions. 

The New Inscnptions shall l.>ear date, and boar Interest, from 
the 22nd March, 181(>. 

400 



No. 46] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 NOV., 1815. 
[Slid Peace of FarlB. ClaimB of Britiah Sulijecte.] 

Claimants to Produce Vouchers. 
Prior to the delivery of the New Inscriptions, the Claimants 
shall be bound to produce Certificates, according to the usual 
forms, declaring that the persons in whose names their Life 
Annuities were constituted are still alive. 

Certificates of Death of Deceased Annuitants. 

With respect to those of the above-mentioned subjects of His 
Britannic Majesty possessing Life Annuities in the names of per- 
sons who are dead, they shall be bound to produce Certificates of 
Demise, in the usual forms, stating the period of the decease : 
and in that case the Annuities shall be paid up to such period. 

Arrears of Perpetual and Life Annuities to he inscribed in Oreat 
Book of Public Debt. 
Art. IV. Such arrears of the Perpetual and Life Annuities as 
shall have been liquidated and allowed, and as shall be due up to 
the 22nd March next exclusively, save the cases of exception 
specified in Articles II and III, shall be inscribed in the Great 
Book of the Public Debt of France, at the rate which shall be the 
medium price between par and the current market price of the 
day, at the date of the signature of the present Treaty. 

Date of New Inscriptions. 
The Inscriptions shall bear date, and bear Interest, frcm tlio 
22nd March, 1816, inclusively. 

Units for determining Capital due on Immovable Property. 

Art. V. In order to determine the capital due on Immovable 
Property which belonged to Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, to 
their heirs or assigns, equally Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, 
and which was Sequestrated, Confiscated, and Sold, the following 
process shall be had : — 

Proofs to be produced by British Subjects. 
The said Subjects of His Britannic Majesty shall be obliged 
to produce : 1st, the Deed of Purchase, proving their proprietor- 
ship ; 2ndly, the Acts proving the facts of the Sequestration, and 
of the Confiscation against themselves, their ancestors, or as- 
signors, subjects of His Britannic Majesty. In default, however, 
of all proofs in writing, considering the circumstances undei 

401 2d 



20 Nov., 1815.] aREAT BRITAIN, Ac, ASD FBAXCS. CHa * 
[dad Paaoa of Paris. Olalmi of Britlidi B a U i to .! 



which tlio ()()nfis<?ation8 and Sequestrations took pUoe mod 
whicli liavo HiruM) arifioii, Buch other proof shiU be i lniittf d 
(ho ConiiiiiHsionerH of Liquidation hereafter mentioned shall j 

Hufticiont in lieu thereof. 

Facilities to he afforded by French Oovernment. 
Tlio Fivnch (ifovcrnnient further engages to fadlitate, by everj 
inoanH, tlio pnKhiction of all Titles and Proofs aerving to anb- 
Hiantiulo thu Claiins to which the present Article refers, and the 
CoiiiiiuHHionerH Hhull bo authorised to make all search, whidli thej 
hIiuU Ind^ neccHHary, to arrive at such informatioD, and to ob- 
(uin tlio production of such Titles and Proofs; they shall also be 
niipow(*r(Hl to oxamino ui)on oath, in case of need, snch persons 
(Miiploycd in the public offices as may have it in th^ power to 
point thoni out or to furnish them. 

Ihta' mi nation of Value of Immovable Property. 

Tlio value of the said Immovable Property shall be deter- 
niiiHMl and fixi^d by the production of an extract of the ^^ Matrice^ 
of tho " Role^'* of tho '' Contribution Fonciere'' for the year 1791, 
and at tho rate of twenty times the revenue mentioned in the 
Huid '' lio/t's:* 

If I he ** Matriova^* nhould no longer exist, and that it should 
Ihrn'roro hv iniiM)ssible to produce the extracts, the claimants 
Hhall bo aulhoriscHl to funiinh such other proofs as shall be 
admitted by the ConnniH.sion of Liquidation mentioned in the 
fnjjowing- ArticlcM. 

( \tj)ital to be Inscribed in Great Book of Public Debt. 
Tho Capital thu.s li(][uidated and allowed shall be inscribed upon 
tho (ii-eat Book of tho Public Debt of France, at the rate which 
ha.M boon lixod in Article IV for the Inscription of the arrears of 
the AniiuitieM; and the InHcriptions shall bear date, and shall 
bear Inteivst, from the 22iid of March next inclusively. 

Interest on Arrears due upon Ccq^ital, 
Tho An-oars uj)on tho said Capital, from the period of its 
St^quest ration, shall be calculated at the rate of 4 per cent, per 
annum, without deduction, and the whole amount of those arrears, 
up to tho 22ud March next exclusively, shall be inscribed in 
the Oreat Book of the Public Debt of France, at the rate above- 

402 



No. 46] GEBAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[8nd Peaoe of Faris. Claims of Britiah SulxJeoU.] 

mentioned, and Bhall bear Interest from the 22nd March next 
inchipively. 

Utiles determinining Capital due on Arrears, 

Art. VI. In order to fix the Capital as well as the Arrears 
which shall be duo to such of the Subjects of His Britannic 
Majesty, whose Movable Property in France has been Seques- 
tered, Confiscated, and Sold, or to their heirs or assigns,' Sub- 
jects of His Britannic Majesty, the following process shall be 
had: 

Proofs to be produced by Claimants* 
The Claimants shall be obliged to produce : Ist, the ProcU' 
verbal, containing the inventoiy of the movable effects seized or 
sequestrated; 2ndly, the Proces-verbal of the sale of the said 
effects, or in default of proofs in writing, such other proof as the 
respective Commissioners of the two Powers shall judge sufficient 
in lieu thereof, according to the principles established in the pre- 
ceding Article; the French Government engaging, in this re- 
spect, to give the same facilities, and the Commissioners are 
authorised to make the same search, and to take the same 
measures, as have been detailed in the foregoing Article with 
respect to immovable property. The amount of the Stock arising 
from the seizures and sales of the Movable Property shall be thus 
determined ; regard being always had to those periods during 
which ])aper money was in circulation and to the fictitious aug- 
mentation of prices resulting therefrom. 

Capital allowed to be Inscribed in Great Book of Public Debt. 

The Capital liquidated and allowed shall be inscribed upon 
the Great Book of the Public Debt of France, at the rate which 
has been fixed by the preceding Articles, and the Inscriptions 
shall bear date, and shall bear Interest, from the 22nd of March 
next inclusively. 

Arrears of Interest to he Inscribed in Great Book of Public Debt, 

The Arrears liquidated and allowed, due upon the ssdd Capital, 
from the period at which the Claimant was deprived of the posses- 
sion of his or her Movable Property, shall be calculated at the rate 
of 8 per cent, per annum, without deduction, and the whole amount 
of the said Arrears, up to the 22nd of March next exclusively, 

408 2 D 2 



2) Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRIfAlN, &:., AND FRANCE. [No. 48 

[2nl Peace of Paris. Claims of British Sulijeots.] 

shall bo inscribed iipan tlie Great Book of the Public Debt of 
Franco, at the rate above-mentioned, and shall bear Interest from 
the 22nd March next inclusively. 

Vessels, Ship 9, Carfjo^s, and Movable Property not to he ctdmitUd 
to Liquidation. 
Tho Vessels, Ships, Cargoes, and other Movable Proper^ 
which shall have been Seized and Confiscated, either to the profit 
of France or to the profit of the Subjects of His Most Christian 
Majesty, in conformity with the Laws of War and the prohibitory 
Decrees, shall not be admitted to the liquidation, nor to the pay- 
ments mentioned in the present Article. 

Claims for Loans and Mortgages on Sequestered Property, 

Art. VII. The Claims of the Subjects of ffis Britannic Majesty, 
arising from the different Loans made by the French Government, 
or from Mortgages upon Property Sequestered, Seized and Scdd 
by the said Government, or any other Claim whatsoever, nor com* 
prised in the preceding Articles, and which would be admissiUe 
according to tlie terms of Additional Article IV of the Treaty 
of Paris of 1814 (No. 1), and of the present Convention, shall be 
liquidated and fixed ; adopting with respect to each Claim the 
modes of admission, of verification, and of liquidation, which 
shall be conformable to their respective natures, and which shall 
be defined and fixed by tho Mixed Commission mentioned in the 
following Articles, according to the principles laid down in the 
above Articles. 

Clavns to he Paid in Inscriptions on the Great Book, 
These Claims thus liquidated shall be paid in Inscriptions in 
the Great Book at the rate above-mentioned, and the Inscriptions 
shall bear date, and shall bear Interest, from the 22nd of March 
next, inclusively. 

Advantages secured to Claimants by Edicts or Decrees. 

In the cases wherein the Edicts or Decrees constituting the 
Claims above-mentioned shall have assured to the Creditors the 
reimbursement of the capitals, and other profitable conditions or 
favourable chances, account shall be had thereof to the benefit of 
the Claimants, as detailed al)0ve in Article IT. 

404 



No. 46] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815, 
[2nd Peace of Paris. Claims of British Sul^eots.] 

Division of Inscriptions arising to each Creditor. 

Art. VIII. The amount of the Inscriptions arising to each 
Creditor, from his Claims liquidated and allowed, shall be divided 
by the Commissioners of Deposit into 5 equal portions; the 
first of which shall be delivered immediately after liquidation, the 
second 3 months after, and so on with respect to the other 
portions every 3 months; the Creditors will nevertheless 
receive the interests of the whole of their debts liquidated and 
allowed, from the 22nd of March, 1816, inclusive, as soon as then* 
respective Claims shall have been allowed and admitted. 

Capital to be Imcinbed as a Fund of Guarantee in the Name of 
Commissioners. 
Abt. IX. A Capital, prodncmg an Interest of 3,600,000 francs, 
commencing from the 22nd of March, 1816, shall be inscribed as 
a fund of guarantee in the Oreat Book of the Public Debt of 
France, in the name of two or four Commissioners, the one-half 
English and the other half French, chosen by their respeciive 
Governments. 

Commissioners to receive the Interest for the profit of Creditors, 

These Commissioners shall receive the said Interest from the 
22nd of March, 1816, every 6 months ; they shall hold it in 
deposit, without having the power of negotiating it, and they 
shall further be bound to place the amount of it in the Public 
Funds, and to receive the Accumulated and Compound Interest of 
the same, for the profit of the Creditors. 

Amount of Inscriptions to he Increased to meet the necessary 

Payments, 
In case the 3,500,000 francs of Interest shall be insu£5cient, 
there shall be delivered to the said Commissioners Inscriptions for 
larger sums, until their amount shall be equal to what may be 
necessary to pay all the Debts mentioned in the present Act. 
These Additional Inscriptions, if there shall be any, shall be deli- 
vered, bearing Interest from the same period as the 3,500,000 
francs above stipulated, and shall be administered by the Conmiis- 
sioners, according to the same principles, so that the Claims which 
shall remain to be paid, shall be paid with the same proportion of 
Accumulated and Compound Interest, as if the fund of guarantee 
had been from tlie first sufiieient ; and as soon as all the payments 

405 



20 NOV^ 1815.] aSBAT BRITAIN, kc,, AND FRANGB. [||«.tt 
[8nd PMtce of Pftris. OUims of BritUh Soldoott.] 

due to the Creditors shall ha^e been made, the sorphis of the 
interest fund not employed, with the proportion of AocamolAtod 
and Compound Interest which shall belong thereto, shall, if there 
be any, be given up to the disposal of the French Govenunent 

Certificates to he delivet^ed to Creditors. 

. Abt. X. In proportion as the Liquidation shall be^ectied,aDd 
as the Clauns shall be allowed, distinction being made between 
the Bxana representing the Capitals, and the sums arising from the 
Arrears or Interest, the Commission of Liquidation, which shd be 
mentioned in the following Articles, shall deliver to the Creditors, 
allowed to be such, two Certificates for the value of the ^riiole In- 
scription to be made, bearing Interest from the 22nd of Maicli, 
1816, inclusive ; one of the Certificates relating to the CapiUl of 
the debt, and the other r^ating to the Arrears or Interest liqoidaled, 
up to the 22nd of March, 1816, exclusively. 

Certificates to be inscribed in the Greai Book of the Pubtie M. 

Art. XI. The Certificates above-mentioned shall be ddlrarf 
over to the Commissioners holding the Annuities in deposit, who 
shall check the same, in order that they be immediately inscnbed 
in the Great Book of the Public Debt of Prance, to the debit of the 
deposit fund, and to the credit of the new creditors, acknowWg«4 
as such, bearers of the said Certificates ; care being takes to die* 
tinguish the Perpetual from the Life Annuities. 

Interest and Capital to he imid to Creditors by the Commixmi^xn* 

And the said Creditors shall be authorised from tiie day of the 
definitive Liquidation of their Claims to receive, for their profit, 
from the said Commissioners, the Interests which are due to them, 
together with the Accumulated and Compound Interests, if there 
be any, as well as such portion of the capital as shall have be^ 
paid, according to what has been regulated by the iMwefing 
Articles. 

Delay to he allowed to ClaimanU. 

Art. XII. A further delay shall be allowed, after the aignatiire 
of the present Convention, to the Subjects of Hia Britiimic 
Majesty, who shall have Claims upon the Prench Gtovenunent) for 
the matters specified in the present Act, in order that they may 
bring forward their Claims and produce their Titles. 

4O0 



Wo. 46] aBEAT BRITAIN, &c., AND FRANCK. L20 Nov., 1816. 
[Sad Poaea of Farts. Claims of British Salijects.] 

This delay shall be extended to 3 Months for the Creditors 
residing in Eorope, 6 Months for such as are in the western 
odonies, and 12 Months for such as are resident in the East 
Indies, or in other Countries equally distant. After the expiration 
of these periods, the said Subjects of His Britannic Majesty shall 
no longer have the benefit of the present Liquidation. 

Appointment of Commissioners, 
Abt. XIII. In order to proceed in the Liquidation and allow- 
ance of the Claims mentioned in the i)receding Articles, there 
shall be formed a Commission, composed of two French and two 
Knglifth Commissioners, who shall be nominated and a]>polnted by 
their respective Governments. 

Liqvidationj 4rc^ of Sums alloived by Commissioners, 
Hiese Commissioners, after they shall have allowed and ad- 
mitted the Titles to the Claims, shall proceed, according to the 
prindplefl pointed out, to the allowance, liquidation, and determi- 
nation of the Sums which shall be due to each Creditor. 

Certificates to he delivered an Claims being allowed. 
In proportion as the Claims shall be allowed and ascertained, 
they shall deliver to the Creditors the two Certificates mentioned 
fai Article X, one for the capital, the other for the interests. 

Commission of Arbitration.^ 

Abt. XIV. A Commission of Arbitrators shall at the same time 
be named, composed of four members, two of whom shall be 
named by the British Government, and two by the French 
Government. 

If it shall be necessary to call u]X)n the Arbitrators, in case of 
an equality of votes on any point, the four names of the Aibitia- 
tors, English and French, shall be put into an uni, and tlie one of 
the four whose names shall be drawn first shall be the Aibitrator 
of Ae particular affair upon which there shall have been eu^h 
equality of votes. 

Eadi of the Commissioners of Liquidation shall, in his turn, 
take from the urn the ticket which is to point out the Arbitrator. > 

* The CommisBionen of Liquidation were: — Mr. Colin Alexander 
Msekenxie and Mr. George Lewis Ncwnham. The CommiBsioners of Arbi- 
tmtkm wore:— Mr. George Hammond and Mr. DaTid Richard Morier. The 
Commisnoners of Deposit were :~Mr. Dayid Richard Morier and Mr. James 
Pnunmond. Their appointments were dated 27th December, 1815. 

407 



' i 
I 
( 



-li '■ 






f 



l.^.-*:;wiz5 sdaiE dair due 



Mo. 46] GSEAT BRITAIN, SlC, AND FBANCE. [20 Nov., 1815, 
[fltad VwMO of Farifl. Olalnui of British SulxJeoU.] 

mentkxiied, and Bhall bear Iiitf»re.«it from the 22iul March next 
indumvely. 

Iiul€3 di'tcnniinning Capital due on Arrears, 

Art. VI. In order to fix the Capital as well as the Arrears 
which shall be due to such of the Subjects of Ilis Britannic 
MajeBtyy whose Movable Property in France has been Seques- 
tered, Gonfiflcated, and Sold, or to their lieirs or assigns, Sub- 
jeelB of His Britannic Majesty, the following process shall b© 
hid: 

Proofs to he produced by Claimants. 
The Clamiants shall Ix) obliged to produce : Ist, the ProcU' 
fPirhalj containing the inventory of the movable effects seized or 
aeqoestrated; 2ndly, the Procea-verbal of the sale of the said 
elEBCii, or in default of proofs in writing, such other proof as the 
respective Commissioners of the two Powers shall judge sufficient 
IB liea thereof, according to the principles established m the pre- 
OMfing Article; the French Government engaging, in this rc- 
npectf to give the same facilities, and the Commissioners are 
authorised to make the same search, and to take the same 
aeMnres, as have been detailed in the foregoing Article with 
respect to immovable property. The amount of the Stock arising 
from the seizures and sales of the Movable Property shall be thus 
dBfeermiiied ; regard bemg always had to those periods during 
vUdi paper money was in circulation and t^ the fictitious aug- 
nenCation of prices resulting therefrom. 

(hpUal allowed to he Inscribed in Great Book of Public Debt. 



The Cajfitdl liv|uidated and alli>wed shall be inscribed upon 
^» Grt'iit Bjn>k of tho Public Pebt of France, at the rate which 
^^ bi'^^ri tixed l^ the precediug Articles, and the Inscriptions 
^Lall bt^ar duti?, and shall bear Interest, from the 22nd of March 
Hbxt iudoiiiviily. 

^AtTMTt tf tntirtH to he Imcn'bed in Gi^eat Booh of Public Debt. 

Thf^ Arrwm liqtiltlatctl aJid allowed, due upon the said Capital, 

bepf'riod at which the Claimant was deprived of the posses- 

h^- -vfthle Proi>ei-t)% shall b© odculated at the rat© 

I without dodnction, and the whole amount 

to tlio '22rid of March next exclusively, 

im 2 D 2 





I 



2) Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, &:., AND FRANCE. [lfo.46 
[2nl Peace of Paris. Olaims of British Sol^aoU.] 

shall bo inscribed upon the Great Book of the Public Debt of 
Franco, at the rate above-mentioned, and shall bear Interest fnm 
the 22nd March next inclusively. 

V&sselsy Shipsy Cargozsy and Movable Property noiioht afaiiW 
to Liquidation. 
The Vessels, Ships, Cargoes, and other Movable Propertj 
which shall have been Seized and Confiscated, either to the j^ 
of Franco or to the profit of the Subjects of His Most Chriatim 
Majesty, in conformity with the Laws of War and the jwhibitoiy 
Decrees, shall not be admitted to the liquidation, nor to the pay- 
ments mentioned in the present Article. 

Claims for Loans and Mortgages on Sequestered Pr(^pertji> 

Art. VII. The Cljdms of the Subjects of His Britannic Majesty, 
arising from the different Loans made by the French Government, 
or from Mortgages upon Property Sequestered, Seized and SoM 
by the said Government, or any other Clsum whatsoever, nor com- 
prised in the preceding Articles, and which would be adnueaUe 
according to the terras of Additional Article IV of the Tresliy 
of Paris of 1814 (No. 1), and of the present Convention, shall be 
liquidated and fixed ; adopting with respect to each Claim the 
modes of admission, of verification, and of liquidation, wluch 
shall be conformable to their respective natures, and wMch ehill 
be defined and fixed by the Mixed Commission mentioned in 4e 
following Articles, according to the principles laid down in the 
above Articles. 

Claims to he Paid in Inscriptions on the Cheat Book. 
Tlicse Claims thus liquidated shall be pidd in Inscriptions in 
the Great Book at the rate above-mentioned, and the Inscriptions 
shall bear date, and shall bear Interest, from the 22nd of Marcb 
next, uiclusively. 

Advantages secured to Clainuints by Edicts or Decrees* 

In the cases whei-em the Edicts or Decrees constituting the 
Claims above-mentioned shall have assured to the Creditors the 
reimbursement of the capitals, and other profitable conditions or 
favourable chances, account shall be had thereof to the benefit of 
the Clauuantsi. as detailed a1x)ve in Article IL 

404 



.48J GBEAT BRITAIN, &c., AS J) FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1816, 
[9dA Paaoe of P»rl«. Claims of Britiali Sul^eotii.] 

Division of Inscriptions arisin{f to each Creditor, 

Art. VIII. The amount of the Inscriptions arising to each 
ditor, from his Claims liquidated and allowed, shall be divided 
the Commissioners of Deposit into 5 equal portions; the 
'» of which shall be delivered immediately after liquidation, the 
)iid 3 months after, and so on with respect to the other 
tions every 3 months; the Creditors will nevertheless 
BiTB the interests of the whole of their debts liquidated and 
>wed, from the 22nd of March, 1816, inclusive, as soon as their 
'pective Claims shall have been allowed and admitted. 

Capital to he Insciibed as a Fund of Guarantee in the Name of 

Commissioners, 
Abt, IX. A Capital, producmg an Interest of 3,500,000 francs, 
imencing from the 22nd of March, 1816, shall be inscribed as 
and of guarantee in the Oreat Book of the Public Debt of 
noe, in the name of two or four Commissioners, the one-half 
l^lish and the other half French, chosen by their respective 
renunents. 

Jamadssioners to receive the Interest foi' the profit of Creditors. 

Theee Commissioners shall receive the said Interest from the 
td of March, 1816, every 6 months ; they shall hold it in 
arit, without having the power of negotiating it, and they 
11 further be bound to place the amount of it in the Public 
ads, and to receive the Accumulated and Compound Interest of 
same, for the profit of the Creditors. 

wunt of Inscriptions to he Increased to meet the necessary 

Payments, 
In case the 3,500,000 francs of Interest shall be insufficient, 
re shall be delivered to the said Commissioners Inscriptions for 
^r sums, until their amount shall be equal to what may bo 
lessary to pay all the Debts mentioned in the i)resent Act. 
»se Additional Inscriptions, if there shall be any, shall be deli- 
ed, bearing Interest from the same period as the 3,500,000 
ics above stipulated, and shall be administered by the Commis- 
lers, according to the same principles, so that the Claims which 
U remain to be paid, shall be paid with the same proportion of 
mmnlated and Compound Interest, as if the fund of guarantee 
been from the first sufficient ; and as soon as all the pajTuents 

405 



20 Nov., 1815.] GREAT BRITAIN, &o., AND FBAXCS. [Ho. M 
[find Peace of Farie. Claims of Britiah 0o]||eeta.l 

A Prfct'^'verbaf shall be made of this operation, and shall be 
aiujexed to tho one which shall be drawn up for the liqnidatioo 

and determination of the particular Claim. 

Vacancies in either Commimon to he filled up without delay* 
If a Vacancy shall take place, either in the CommiHuioii of 
Liquidation or in that of Arbitration, the Government, which oaght 
to prrjvide for the nomination of a new member, shall proceed to 
that nomination without delay, in order that the two Commissions 
may always remain as far as jy^issible complete. 

Absent Commissioner of Liquidation to he replaced hy one of 
the Arhitraton. 

If one of the Commissioners of Liquidation shall be absent, 
he shall be replaced, during his absence, by one of the Arbitrators 
of his Nation ; and as in that case there will remain but one 
Arbitrator of that Nation, the two Arbitrators of the other Nation 
shall also be reduced to one bj^ lot. 

Absent Commissioner of Arbitration to he replaced hy a Commissioner 
of Liquidation. 

And if one of the Arbitrators should absent himself, the same 
operation shall take place, in order to reduce to one the two ArU* 
trators of the other Nation. 

It is generally understood, that in order to obviate all manner 
of delay in this business, the Liquidation and Adjudication shall 
not be suspended, provided there shall be present, and in activity, 
one Commissioner and one Arbitrator of each Nation, the principle 
of equality between the Commissioners and the Arbitrators of the 
two Nations being always preserved, and re-established, if neces- 
sary, by lot. 

Oath to be taken by New Commissioners, 
\Vhenever either of the Contracting Powers shall proceed to 
tho nomination of new Commissioners of Liquidation, of Deposit, 
or of Arbitration, the said Commissioners shall be obliged, pre- 
viously to their entering upon their functions, to make the Oath, 
and in the forms detailed in the following Article. 

Oath to be taken bi/ Commissioners of Liquidation^ Deposity and 
Arbitration. 
Art. XV. The Commissioners of Liquidation, the Commia- 

40« 



No. 46] GREAT BRITAIN, &c"., AND FRANCE. [20 Nov., 1815. 
[2nd Peace of Parle. Claima of British Sul^eota.] 

sioners of Deposit, and the Arbitrators, shall together make an 
Oath, in presence of the Ambassador of His Britannic Majesty, 
and between the hands of the Keeper of the Seals of France, 
to proceed justly and faithfully, to have no preference either for 
the Creditor or for the Debtor, and to act in all their proceedings 
according to the stipulations of the Treaty of Paris of the 30th 
May, 1814 (No. 1), and of the Treaties and Conventions with 
France, signed this day (Nos. 40, 41, 42, 45, 46), and more 
particularly according to those of the present Convention. 

Power to Commissioners to call Witnesses. 

The Commissioners of Liquidation and the Arbitrators shall 
be authorised to call Witnesses whenever they shall judge it neces- 
sary, and to examine them by Oath in the usual forms, upon all 
points relative to the different Claims which form the object of 
this Convention. 

Time of Restoration of French Colonies of Martinique and 
Guadaloupe. 

Art. XVI. When the 3,500,000 franca of Interest, mentioned 
in Article IX, shall have been inscribed in the name of the Com- 
missioners, who are to hold that sum in Deposit, and on the first 
demand which shall be thereafter made by the French Govern- 
ment, Ilis Britannic Majesty shall give the necessary orders to 
cany into execution the restoration of the French Colonies, as 
stipulated by the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), 
comprehending Martinique and Guadaloupe, which have been 
since occupied by the British Forces. 

The Inscription above-mentioned shall be made before tho 1st 
January next, at the latest. 

Restoration of Prisoners of War. 

Art. XVII. The Prisoners of War, officers and soldiers, both 
naval and military or of any other description, token during the 
hostilities which have lately ceased, shall on both sides be imme- 
diately restored to their respective Countries, under the same 
conditions which are specified in the Convention of the 23rd 
April, 181 1,* and in the Treaty of the 80th May of the same year 
(No. 1); and tho Briti.^h Government renounces all claim to any 

• Sec Appendix. 
4Q9 



20 Hof ^ 1815.: OBEAT BBITJLI>\ kc^ ASD FRIKCS. [Ma M 



fHuoA or IndeiDiuties wIuitAoever« which might beloog^ to it from 
the mujAua arising from the maintenance of the said Priflonen off 
War ; f>Qbject Derenbeless. to the coDdition specified in Additional 
Article IV of the Treaty of Paris r4 the 30th May, 1814 (Kol 1). 
Done at Pari^, the 20th day of November, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. 
(L-S.) BICUELIEU. (L^.) WELLIXGTON. 



Additional Article. Pan\ 20M Xorembtr^ 1815. 
Bord^avx ClaihiS* 

The Claims of the Subjects of Ui^ Britaunic Majesty, foanded 
on a deci^i^m of Ilis Most Christian Majesty, relative to the 
British Merchandise introduced into Bcrdcanx, in confonnity to 
the Tariff of Customs puHished in the above-menticHied city, by 
His Royal Highness the Dwke d'Ang«juleme, on the 24th Maitb, 
1814, shall Ite liquidatt-d and paid, accr»rding to the principles and 
the object declared in the above-mentioned decision of His Most 
Christian Majesty. 

The Cconmission instituted by Article XIII of the Convention 
of this day, is directed to proceed immediately to the liquidation 
of the said Claim, and to fix the dates of its payment to be made 
in money. 

The decision \^-hich stall be made by the Commissioners, shall 
be executed immediately, according to its form and tenor. 

The present Additional Article shall have the same force and 
effect as if it were inserted, word for word, in the Conventicm 
signed this day, relative to the examination and liquidation of the 
Claims of the Subjects of His Britannic Majesty against the 
Government of France. 

In witness whereof, the resj^ctivo Plenipotentiaries have 
signed it, and have thereto affixed the Seal of their Arms. 

Done at Paris, the 20th day of November, 1815. 

(L.S.) CASTLEREAGII. 
(L.S.) RICHELIEU. (L.S.) WELLINGTON. 

• Sec Separate AHiclo, 25t]i April, 1818. accl Additional Articles^ 4Ui 
July, 1818. 



4iU 



Ho. 47] aBBAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, Ac. 

[Peace of Europe.] 



CaO Nov., 1815. 



No. 4:1.— NOTE of the Allied Ministers to the Duke de 
Richelieu^ relative to the Maintenance of the Peace of 
^-Europe. Pavi^, 20th November^ 1815. 



(Translation.) 

The Undei-signed hope that the Duke de Richelieu will perceive 
in these Arrangements the same character and the same principles 
in which the measure of the Military Occupation of part of Franco 
has been conceived and adopted. They, moreover, carry with 
them, in quitting this country, the consolatory persuasion, that 
notwithstanding the elements of disorder which France may Btill 
contain ui consequence of the Revolutionary Events, a wise and 
paternal Government, acting on principles adapted to compose and 
conciliate the minds of the people, and abstaining from all acts 
contrary to such system, will succeed not only in maintaining the 
Public Repose, but also in re-establishing universal Union and 
Confidence, while it will relieve the Allied Powers, as far as the 
measures of the Government will admit, from the painful necessity 
of recurring to the adoption of means, which, in the event ct 
renewed disorder, would be imperiously prescribed to them by the 
duty of providing for the security of their own subjects and the 
general Tranquillity of Europe. 
The Undei-signed, &c. 



CASTLEREAGH. 
IIARDENBERG. 
METTERNICH. 



CAPO D'ISTRIA. 

RASOUMOFFSKY. 

WESSENBERG. 



411 



21 Nov., 1815.] GBEAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA, fto. [No. 48 

[FortllLoations : yethgrlandg, Owrmany, Savoy.] 



No. 4:8.— PROTOCOL of Conference between Great Mak | 
Austria^ Prusauty and Russia^ respecting the Fortificaim 
of the Netlierlands^ Germany ^ n,nd Satay* Fiflwic, 21rf 
November J 1815. 

[Referred to in Art. II of the Treaty between Pruswa and 
Netherlands of 8th November 1816.] 

Abt. Table. 

Preftmble. 
Disposal of Contribulions payable bj France, 

1. Sums to be applied towards Fortifications in the Netherltmdi, 

2. New Defensive Works for Germany, 
8. Fortification of Savoy. 

(Translation.*) 

Disposal of Contributions payable by France* 

Toe Ministers of the Four Conrts have taken into consideratkn 
the rules to be laid down for the employment of that part of the 
Contributions payable by France, which, according to their 
general determinations contained in the Proces-verbal of the 
6th of November, 1815, are to be wholly appropriated to the 
strengthening of the Defensive Line of the States bwidering oa 
Finance ; their Excellencies have recognized, in the adoption of fli» 
essentially European system, that the general safety and intereft^ 
of all, and not the private advantage of any one State, ib tb^ 
object in view, and consequently that all the Powers who hat^^ 
concurred therein, should have an equal right reciprocally to watc-^^ 
over its execution, and from time to time to take cognizance o>- . 
the application of the funds destined for an object of such higl^^ 
importance. 

They have further i-csolved, that, in order to execute this 
measure in concert, and by regularly combined operations, it will 
be expedient to confide to such of the Great Powers as may be 
most conveniently situated for that puq)ose, the care of arranging 
with the Sovereigns directly interested in the several works, th© 
plan to be pursued and the most convenient means of carrying it 
into effect. 

Sums to be applied tomnds Fovtificatiom in the Netherlands. 
1. For this puqjose the Undersigned Ministei-s have agreed, that 
• For Frer.cli Version, see " State Papers," vol. iii, p. 249. 
412 



No. 48] GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA. &c. [21 Nov., 1815. 

[Fortificatioiui : Netherlands, Oermuiy, Savoy.] 

the British Government shall, conjointly with that of the Nether- 
lands, determine upon the special employment of the Sums 
destined for fortifying the latter Country. 

New Defensive Works for Germany, 

2. That with respect to the Defensive System of Germany, the 
Courts of Austria aad of Prussia shall arrange, as well with each 
other as with those Sovereigns in whose territories new defensive 
works are to be constructed, the plans that are to be adopted and 
the measures that are to be pursued respecting them. 

Fortification of Savoy. 

3. That the Austrian Government shall enter into Relations with 
the King of Sardinia, relative to the Fortification of Savoy, 
exactly similar to those in which Great Britain is placed with 
resixx^t to those of the Netherlands. 

That the Powers reserve the right of coming to an under- 
standing with Spain, conformably to the principles herein esta- 
blished, and as their Excellencies have conceived it indispensable, 
that the operations which are about to be projected and executed, 
should form one general System, and be as closely connected as 
possible, it is further agreed that frequent communications shall 
take place between the Cabinets, for the purpose of respectively 
informing themselves of the different measures which may have 
been adopted, for the most advantageous employment of the Sums 
appropriated to ensuring the success of the said operations. 

The present Prods-verbal is solely intended to testify the 
unanimity of the subscribing Ministers on the principle of the 
question of which it treats, and to form the basis of the instruc- 
tions which shall be given with regard to it to the Ministers at 
the different Courts. 

CASTLEREAOH. 

METTERNICH. 

CAPO D'ISTRIA. 

HABDENBEBG. 

RASOUMOPPSKT. 



418 



Joly-No?., 1815.] GBEAT BRITAIN, Ac., AND FRANCE. [Mo.41 
[Paris Oonferem y . Territorial Arraiiffamants.] 



No. AQ.— PROTOCOLS of Conferences between the Pfeni- 
poienttartes of Great Britain^ Atutrioy Pnaeia, Rum, 
and France relative to the Territorial ArrangemenU of 
Europe^ ^c Parie^ 24th July — 21st November^ 1815. 

"Stale 






ftp 

General Arrangements with France. 

1. Administ ration of Department» to be occupied by the Allied 

Troops. Note of Plenipotentiaries of 4 Powers to Frines 
TaUeyrand 24th July. 216 

2. Prcjet of Treaty of Peace 20th September. 2W 

Indemnttiee and Guarantees for future Security. 

Confirmation of Treaty of Peace, 1814. 

Limits of France* 

Garrison of Moimco. 

Neutrality of Swiizerland, 

Fortifications of Hunin^en, 

Pecuniaxy Indemnity from France for Izpenses of the War. 

Oontribution by France towards the Expenses of Fortifioationi tat 
the'l>e£Bnce of the Netherlands, Chrmamf, and PUdmonl, 

Cession by France, of CondS, Qivet, Ckarlemont, and Sarre Ltmit. 

Tcmporaiy occupation of part of France by the Allied Troops. 

Non-interference with SoTcreignty. 

Number of Troops. Fortresses to be oooupied. Line of Bemaica- 
tion. 

Subsistence, &c., of Troops. 

Relations between the Army of Occupation and the Lccsl Autho- 
rities. 

Duration of Occupation. 
3. 1 Principles of the demand from France of Territorial Cessions. 

4. J 2l8t September. tH 

IndomniticB and Military Occupation 22nd Septembor. 2^ 

Guarantee of Security, and Compensation for Sacrifices— not for 

Conquest. 
Non-recognition of inviolability of French Territory. 

5. Bases of Arrangement t . . 2nd October. 2S7 

Modification of Limits of France. 

Cession by France of Landau, Sarre Louis, Fhilippetine, and 

Marienherg. 
Demolition of Fortress of Huningen. 
Monaco. 
Avignon, Venaissin, &c. Indemnity 700,000,000 francs. Militaiy 

Line. 

414 



49] GREAT BBITAIN, Ac, AND FRANCE. [July— Ho?., 1815. 
[Parlfl Oonfenneas. Territorial Arrangements.! 

"State 
Papers," 
Tol. iii. 
3ocapation of Fortre^sos. Page 

Subeiiitenee of Allied Troope. 
Dorakion of Oooapatioii. 
UeimeHou of Ckneral Treaty. 
IGlilarj Conrention, and ConTentionB for Pecuniary Indemnity 

and Prirate daims. 
"Peeumary Indemnity and Subsistence of the Army of Occupation. 

Payment of Contributionfl 18th October. 229 

Military Arranyements 22nd October. 233 

Organisation, &c., of Army of Occupation. 

Contingents of Austria, Great Britain, Pmeeia, and Bustia. 

Contingents of Bavaria, Denmark, Saxony, Hanover^ and Wnrtem* 

eefy. 
Command of the Armies, and communication with Uie Frendi 

OoTemment. * 

J^Brriiarial Arranyemente. Acquisition of French Territory, and 

Share of Fortification Money by the Netherlande, 3rd NoTcmber. 284 
Augmentation of Austrian and Prussian Indemnity by Netherlande. 

Quota 235 

Territorial Acquisition from France by Prussia, Amtria, and 

Smitterland, 
Extension of Swiss Neutrality. 
Acquisitions firom France by Sardinia. 
Territorial Arranyemente between Sardinia and Genoa, 
Bemofal of French aod Sardinian Custom Houses. 
French Fortification Money for Sardinia, 
Augmentation of Aus^ian and Prussian Indemnity by Sardinia. 
Territorial Arrangements between Austria and Prussia, Quota. 
Indemnification of Meeklenbury-Strelitx, Oldenbury, Cobury, 

Hesse'Homburyh and Pappenheim 236 

Exchanges between Austria and Bavaria, and between Bavaria 

and Hesse- Cassel, 
Augmentation of Bararian share of Fortification Money. 
Berersion to Bavaria and Baden in part of Palatinate. 
Military route from Wurtzhury to FrankenthaL 
BaTarian Ghirrison of Landau. 

Cession by Bavaria to Austria of Territory deriyed from France, 
Cession by Austria to Hesse Darmstadt in return for the Duchy of 

Westphalia. 
Retention of the Bresyau by Austria, 

Defensive system of the Germanic Confederation, Fortresses of 
Mayence, Luxemhury, and Landau, Sovereignty. Ckurrisons. 
Distribution of French Indemnity for Fortifications to Prussia 
and Bavaria, and for a Fourth Fortress on the Upper Rhine, 
and the completion of the Works of Mayence . . 20th November. 238 
'. French Indemnity, Distribution of, for Fortifications between the 
Netherlands^ Prussia, Sardinia, Bavaria, and Spain. 

ethNoTember. 2i2 
415 



July -Nov., 1816.] GREAT BRITAIN, &c., A2a> FRANCE. [No. 49 
[Paris Conferences. Territorial Arraa^ments.] 

«* State 

Papen," 

ToL iiL 

Sums for Fourth Fortress on the Upper Bhine and JTajftfUM. 

Distribution of Indonmitj for Compeiuatian to Spai$if Porimgal^ 
DenmarJc, and Stcitzerlandt and to Oreat Britmn and JPnuHa, 

Division of Besidue of Indemnity between Austria, Qrtai Sritaim^ 
Prussia^ Sussia, Bavaria, Netherlands^ Wnriemberg, Sardima^ 
Baden, Hanover, Saxony, and the Minor Powers of Q^rmanff. 

Transfer of Sardinian and Netherland Stores to Austria and 
Prussia, 

Payment of Indemnity. 

Anticipation by Austria and Prussia. 

Commission of Liquidation at Paris. 

French payments for Subsistence, &c., of Allied Army of Occupa- 
tion. 

{Annex.) Table, Diyision of, between Austria, Oreat BrUairn^ 

Prussia, Russia, and the acceding Powers of the Alliance • 246 

10. Command of the Allied Army of Occupation 20th NoTember. 246 

Nature and Extent of the Command. 

Non-interferenco with Royal Authority. 
Suppression of Revolutionary Convulsions. 

Communications between the Commander-in-Chief and the Allies 
and the French Government. 

11. Alliance between Austria, Oreat Britain, Prussia, and Bustia, 

20th November. 248 
Objects of the Alliance, Tranquillity of France, and General Peaoo 
of Europe. 

12. Fortification Jfone'j^, Employment of : in the Neiherlands, in con- 

cert with Oreat Britain; in Germany, in concert with Austria 
and Prussia; in Sardinia, in concert with Austria; in Spain, 

as to be agreed upon 21st November. 249 

Communications as to general system of Fortifications. 



[On the 27th November, 1815, a Constitutional Charter was 
granted to the Kingdom of Poland; a French Translation of 
which is to be found in " State Papers," vol. xix, p. 971.] . 



41G 



I 



No. 50] HESSE-CASSEL AND PRUSSU. [6 Feb., 1816. 

[Fulda.] 



No. 50.— PROTOCOL between Prussia and Hesse-Cassel, 
relative to the former Department of Fulda. JFidda, 
5th Februaiy^ 1816. 



Seo. Tabu. 

Preamble. Befeience to Treaty of 16th October, 1816. 

1. Transfer bj Prussia to Hetse-Ciutel of part of Department of Fulda. 

2. Liquidation. 

3. The Military. 

4. Articles excepted from the Cession. 

5. Postal Bights. 

6. Arrears. 

7. Adyances made from the General Fund« 

8. Bents, &c., in arrear. 

9. Archives. 
10. Pensionaries. 

(Translation.) 
' Preamble. Reference to Treaty ofieth October^ 1815. 

The Commissioners appointed for the execution of the Treaty 
between His Royal Majesty of Prussia and His Royal EQghness 
the Elector of Hesse-Cassel, concluded on the 16th October, 1815 
(No. 37), namely: _ 

For Prussia, Herr Friedrich Christian Adolph von Motz, &c. 
For the Elector of Hesse, Herr Ferdinand Carl Wilhelm Heinrich 
Schenk von Schweinsberg, &c., &c., met at the palace here, and 
after producing their Full Powers, arranged as follows : 

Transfer by Pimssia to Hesse-Cassel of part of Department of 

Fulda. 
§. 1. That part of the former Grand Ducal Department of 
Fulda, with the thereunto belonging Domain of Hettrichshausen, 
situated in the Principality of Hanau, still at the disposal of His 
Royal Majesty of Prussia is — ^in accordance with the Treaty of 
16th Ckjtober, 1815 (No. 37), but with reservation of the exchange 
of the District of Sahniinster with Merzel, Sannerz, and the 
Huttischland, against an eqmvalent situated in the District of 
Weihers or its neighbourhood, to be effected by exclusive Treaty 
between their Majesties the Kmg of Prussia and the Emperor of 
Austria, without any other exception, and with all rights and 
obligations, transferred t) His Royal Highness the Elector of 

417 2 £ 



5 Feb., 1816.] H£SS£CABS£L AND PRUSSIA. rMo.50 

Uesse ; and the inhabitants of the ceded districts are reieifled 
from their engagements to IDs Royal Majesty of Prussia) in socii 
wise that the foil Rights of Possession may be immedttteiy 
demanded for His Roy^ Highness the Elector and his deBo» 
dants. 

§§.2 to 10. (^e« Table.) 

Done at Fulda, 5th Febniary, 181 G, and Signed and Sealed by 
lK)th Commissioners. 

VON MOTZ. 

VON SCHWBINSBERG 



418 



No. 51] PRUSSIA, HESSE-CASSEL, &c. [4 March, 1816. 

[Hesse-Bothenburfir.] 



No. SL — TERRITORIAL CONVENTION between 
Prussia, Hesse-Cassel, and Hesse-Roihenburg. Signed at 
Cassel, ith Marcliy 1816. 



Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Beference to Treaty of 16th October, 1816. 

1. Cession by the Landgrave of Heise-Boihenhurg of his Bight of Indemni- 

fication to the Elector. 

2. The Landgraye of HeaBe-Mothemburg to receive an Estate under Pruinan 

Sovereignty, with a clear Bevenne to a certain amount. 
8. The Landgrave of Hetae-Bothenburg to possess the Estate in fee. 

4. With all Bights appertaining to an Estate of that extent. 

5. The Estate to be selected with his own concurrence. 

6. The Landgrave of Seaae'Rothmimrg to decide within a certain time 

whether he will accept the Lordship of BaHhor and Samden as an 
Indemnification. 

7. The Elector to take the necessary measures to obtain possession of it if 

the Landgrave of ffesn'Boihenburg accepts the said Lordship. 

8. If the Landgrave of Sesse'Sothenburg refuses, ho will still be entitled to 

the Indemnification. 

9. Prussia guarantees both Elector and Landgrave against any interference 

on the part of the Landgrave's uncle, Charles Constantine. 

(Translation.) 
Preamble. Reference to Treaty of 16/A October^ 1816. 

In the Treaty between Prussia and Hesse-Cassel of 16th 
October, 1815 (No. 37), a complete Indemnification was ensured 
to the Landgnrave of Hesse-Rothenburg for the Cession of the 
Lower County of Katzenellnbogen, the Lordship of Plesse, 
including the Monastery of Hockelheim, and the Bailiwick of 
Neuengleichen. 

As several difficulties have arisen as to the manner in which 
the Indemnification is to be made, His Majesty the King of 
Prussia has undertaken to facilitate the business by his co- 
operation. 

For this purpose Plenipotentiaries have been appointed : 

On the part of Prussia, President Conrad Sigismund Charies 
von Hoenlein, &c., &c. ; 

On the part of Hesse-Cassel, Privy Councillor John Hassen- 
pflug, &c., &c. ; 

419 2 £ 2 



Casael, 4th March, 1816. 



VON HOENLEI 
HASSENPFLUC 
GOESSEL 



No. 52] SARDINIA AND SWITZERLAND. [16 March, 1816. 

[Geneva, Savoy, Chablais, and Faucigny.] 

No. 52.— TREATY between Sardinia, the Sunss Confederal 
tion, and the Canton of Geneva, respecting the Neutrality 
of Savoy, Chabiais, Faucigny, ^c* Signed at Turin^ 
leth March, 1816. 

[This Treaty formed Annex I. to the General Treaty of Frankfort, 

of 20th July, 1819.] 
Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Reference to Treaty of SOth May, 1814 ; and to Frotoools of 
29th March and 8rd Norember, 1815. 

1. Boundaries of Territory ceded by Sardinia to the Canton of Oeneta. 

2. Mutual Renunciation of Sovereign Rights in countries ceded. 

3. Line of Custom-Houses in the neighbourhood of Geneva and the Lake. ' 

4. Free export of ProTistons from Savoy for the City and Canton of Geneva. 

5. Separate Convention to regulateDuties for ICaintenanoeof the i9»mp^ Road. 

6. Transit Duties. 

7. Perpetual NeutralUy of Chablais, I^aueiyi^, and leiritory north of 

Uffine (Upper Savoj/), 

8. Freedom of Commercial communication. 

9. Disposal of Property by Sardinians in ceded countries. 

10. Rights of Sardiniane to be respected. 

11. Dispositions in fiivour of Territoiy ceded. 

12. Maintenance of Catholic Religion in ceded States. 

13. Maintenance of Charitable Establishments and Public Instruction in 

ceded States. 

14. Landed Proprietors on Frontiers. 

15. Land Tax on Estates. Water Righta of Generete Proprietors. 

16. AboUtion of Succession Duties. 

17. Swiss Proprietors on Frontiers of Piedmont. 

18. Payment of Contributions. 

19. Public Debts of ceded Territory. 

20. LiquidatioQ of Debts of Depariment of the Leman. Good Ofioes of 

French Goyemment. Restoration of Title Deeds, &a Free access 
to all Documents. 

21. Payment to be made by Canton of Geneva towards new CusUnn-Hoiues. 

22. Appointmentof Boundary Commissioners. 

23. Former Trsaties renewed. 

24. Ratifications. 

(Translation as laid before Parliament, f) 

In the Name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity. 

Preamble. Reference to Treaty of SOth May^ 1814; and to Protocols 

of 29th March and Srd November j 1815. 

Hi8 Majesty the King of Sardinia, in consideration of the 

• See Treaty between France and Sardinia of 24th March, 1860, for the 
cession of Savoy and Nice to France ; and notes of l4th March, 1869 ; 
18th JiUy, 1870 ; and 29th July, 1870. 

t For French verjioii, we ** State Papers," vol. vii., p. 21. 

421 



16 Karch, 1816.] SARDINIA AND SWITZEBLAND. [Ho.S2 

[Qenera, Savoy, Ghablals, and FaueUny.] 

lively solidtude manifested by the Fovren who dgned tbe 
Treaty of Paris of the 30th of May, 1814 (No. 1), that the CaotoQ 
of Geneva should obtain some f adlites, as well in the new (i 
disengaging some part of its possessions endosed in other 
countries (enclavit)^ as also with reference to its commimicitionB 
with Switzerland, having consented, by the Protood of Ike 
Congress of Vienna of the 29th of March, 1815 (No. 10),toplaoe 
at the disposal of the said Powers a part of Savoy therdo 
specified, intended to be united to Gtoneva ; and in order to give 
to that Canton a peculiar mark of his good will, having also 
agreed to the Stipulations contained in the 5th and 6th Articles 
of the said Protocol : 

The Four Great Allied Powers,* having subeequendy dete^ 
mined, in the Protocol signed by their MinistMn Pleoipotentiiiy 
at Paris, the Srd of November (No. 38), that the port of Sivoj 
occupied by France should be restored to His said Mtjestj, 
with the exception of the Commune of St. Jufien, whkb flhooU 
be ceded to (Geneva ; and having furthermore engaged to use 
then* good offices, to induce His Majesty to cede to the Owton 
of Geneva, Chenc, Thonex, and some other Oonummes neoeattiy 
to disengage the Swiss territory of Jussy, m exchange for the 
retrocession of tbe Communes of the Litorale, situated between 
the road of Evian and the Lake, as well as for the removal of 
the Line of Custom-Houses to a distance of at least a leagw 
from the Swiss frontier, and beyond the mountams menticmeliD 
the said Protocol : •> 

Finally, the s^d Protocols having settled the genenl 
measures for extending to a part of Savoy the advantages o( the 
perpetual Neutrality (A Switzerland : 

His Majesty the King of Sardinia on the one part, wishuig to 
^ve to His August Allies fresh proofs of His sentiments towards 
them, and tostunouies of His amicable dispositions towards the 
whole of the Swiss Confederation, and particularly towards the 
Canton of Geneva ; 

And on the other part, His Excellency the Burgomaster, 
President, and the State Council of the Canton of Zurich, the 
Federal Du-ectory, in the name of the Swiss Confederation, 
being anxious to renew with His said Majesty those bonds and 
connections which affect the interests of both countrieB, and to 
consolidate the relations of good neighbourhood which unite 
them; have resolved to appoint Plenipotentiaries who shall 
^ Oreat Britiiin, Austria, Prussia, and Bnssia. 
422 



No, 52] SAEDINIA AKD SWITZEBLANB. [16 March, 1816. 

[OeneTa, Savoy, Ohablals, and Vanoigny.] 

regulate every thing that may concern the fixing the new limits 
to the territory ceded by the Protocol of the 29th of March 
(No. 10), (on which subject Confei-ences had aheady been held at 
Ch^nc), as well the Arrangements relative to the new Cessions, 
and removal of the Custom-Houses, as also what concerns the 
Neutrality of certain parts of Savoy, the regulations of Transit 
and Commerce, and finally, of all that can reciprocally interest 
the two States, and provide for their mutual convenience : 

For these purposes they have named, viz. :— 

His Majesty the King of Sardinia, the -Chevalier Louis do 
Montiglio, His Majestiy's Advocate Fiscal (General to the Senate 
of Savoy and the Chevalier Louis Provana de Collegno, one 
of His Majesty's Councillors, and Commissary (General of the 
Frontiers of His States ; 

And on the part of the Swiss Confederation and the Canton 
of Greneva, M. Charles Pictet de Rochemont, Councillor of State ; 

Who, having exchanged their Full Powers annexed to the 
present Treaty, and having found them in good and due form, 
and taking for the basis of. their labours the principle of recip- 
rocal convenience and mutual advantages to the Administration 
of both Governments ; and being desirous also that His Majesty 
should have a principal Town commodiously situated for the 
Conmiunes remaining to the Province of Carouge, and that he 
should preserve within ]ffis own territory easy communications 
between Lower Savoy and Chablais, have agreed to the followmg 
Terms : — 

Boundanes of Territory ceded hy Sardinia to the Canton of Geneva, 

Abt. L The territory ceded by His Majesty the E[ing of 
Sardinia, to be united to the Canton of (Geneva, as well in virtue 
of the Acts of the Congress of Vienna of the 29th of March, 1815 
(No. 10), as pursuant to the provisions of the Protocol of the 
Allied Powers of theSrd of November (No. 38), following, and to 
the Treaty of this day; is bounded by the Rhone, from the ancient 
frontier near St George to the confines of the old territory of 
Geneva, to the west of Aire-la-ViUe ; thence by a line following 
the confines of the said ancient territory as far as the river Laire, 
reascending that river as far as the road leading from Perri^re to 
Soral, along the same road up to Soral, which place together 
with the road shall remain entirely on the side of Geneva ; thence 
by a right line drawn to the salient angle of the Gommnne of 
Bemex to the west of Norder. From this angle the boundaiy shall 

423 



16 Maich, 1816.] SABDINIA AND SWITZEBLAirD. [NO.SJ 

[Gtaneva, Savoy, OhabUia, axid Favetcnjr.) 

take the shortest direction to the south angle of the Gomnmoe 
of Bernex on the Aire, leaving Norcier and Thurens on the side of 
Savoy : fix)m this point it shall take the shortest line to the Com* 
mune of Compessi^res, along the bonndaiy of this Gommime to 
the east of St. Julien as far as the rivulet Arande, whid nnu 
between Temicr and Bardoncx ; reasceuding the same as fir u 
the high road from Annecy to Caronge, it sliall follow this route 
until it branches off to the road which leads direct to Collonge,it 
155 yards (toises) of Savoy before it reaches the Gross of Roeoo; 
it shall meet by this road the rivulet which nms down from the 
village of Archamp, and shall follow the same ontil it joidb the 
brook which descends from the hamlet of La Combe beyond 
Evordcs, leaving however, all the houses in Evordes on the side 
of Geneva ; thence from the rivulet of La Combe it shall take the 
road that runs below Bossey, below Crevin and above Vcirier. 

From tlie intersection of this road to the east, and near 
Veirier, by the one leading from Carouge to Etrembi^ree the 
limit shall be described by the shortest line to the Arve attwo 
(oises above the water course which supplies the canal of the 
mill of Sierne ; following from thence the 7%alweg of that river 
to the mouth of the Foron, and remounting the same to thit 
point beyond Cormiere, to be ascertsuned by the shortest line 
drawn from the junction of the route of Carra with the road, 
which from the north of Publinge leads to the north of Vilb-la* 
Grand, it Hhall follow the said line, and this last road towards 
the east, giving it to Geneva ; thence it shall follow the road vhkji 
remounts parallel with the Foron, until it comes in contact with 
the territory of Jussy. 

From this point the line shall resume the ancient limits till it 
meets the road leading from Gy to Foncenex, and shall follow 
the said road northward to the extremity of the village of Gji 
leaving the said road on the side of Geneva. The boosdary 
shall thcucc be directed in a straight line upon the village of 
Veigi, in such manner as to leave all the houses of the viUage od 
the side of Savoy ; afterwards in a straight line to where the 
Hermauce intersects the great road of the Simplon. 

Finally it shall follow the course of the Hermance as f ar ^ 
the lake, which shall be the limit of the new territory to the 
north-west, it being underatood that the property of one half the 
breadth of the lake from the Ilermance to Vezenag is acquired 
by the Canton of Geneva, and that in like manner the portions of 
the course of the Rhone which have hitherto formed the 

424 



No. 52] SAKDINIA ^IND SWITZERLAND. [16 Morch, 1816. 

[Geneva, Savoy, Chablais, and Fauoigny.] 

boundary between the two States shall appertain to His Majesty, 
and that the roads constituting the before-mentioned frontier line 
of the above Delimitation shall belong to His Majesty, with the 
exceptions already described, and that all the inclosures formed 
by walls or hedges contiguous to the houses of villages or 
hamlets, bordering on the new frontiers shall appertain to that 
State in which the said village or hamlet may be situated ; the 
line marking the confines of the States shall not approach within 
two yards (toises) of such houses or inclosures contiguous thereto, 
and surrounded by walls or hedges. As to the rivers and 
rivulets which, according to t!ie alterations of boundaries 
resulting from the present Treaty, are to determine the new 
frontier, the centre of their courses shall f orai the boundaries ; 
except that of the Foron, which shall entirely appertain to His 
Majesty, and the passage of that river shall not be subject to 
any duty whatever. . 

Mutual Renunciation of Sovereign Rights in Countries ceded. 

Art. II. The Contracting Powers renounce all Sovereign and 
other Rights which may appertain to them in the countries 
reciprocally ceded, namely; His Majesty, in the territory 
situated between the route of Evian, the lake and the river 
Hermance ; the Swiss Confederation and the Canton of Geneva, 
in that portion of the Commune of St. Julien, where the principal 
Town is situated; the whole conformably to the Delimitation 
fixed by the preceding Article. All the Titles, Registers and 
Documents concerning the Ceded Countries shall be given over 
on both sides as soon as possible. 

Line of Custom-Houses* in the neighbourhood of Ckneva and the 

Lake. 
Art. III. Acooixlmg to the puiport of the Ftotocol of the Srd 
of November (No. 38), respecting Oustom-Houses (reconciling at 
the same time its dispositions, as much as possible, with the in- 
terests of His Majesty) the Line of Custom-Houses in the neigh- 
bourhood of Geneva and the Lake, shall proceed from the Rhone 
by Cologny, Valciry, Cheney, Luiset, Chable, Sapey, Vieson, 
Etrembieres, Annemasse, Ville-la-Grand, along the course of 
the Foron to Machilly, thence by Deuvaine and Colongette as 
far as the Lake, and along the Lake to Meillerie, afterwards 
resuming and continuing the present frontier at the post nearest 
to Saint Gingoulph ; it being understood that His Majesty shall 
* Sec aho Article XXI. 
425 



16 March, 1816.] SABDHOA AND SWITZEBLAKD. [Ho. 52 

(Gteneva, Savoy, Ohab1>t«, and Faucisiiy.J 

bo at liberty to make such alterations and dispositions relative to 
the nombers and situations of his Gustom-Houses within the 
said line as he may deem most convcnieut. 

No Custom-House duty can be performed either on the Lake 
or within the space (2^ne) which separates the tcrritoiy of the 
Canton of Geneva from tlie line above described; it shall, 
nevertheless, be at all times lawful for His Majesty's adminiB- 
trativc authorities, to take such measures as they may deem 
necessary to prevent any illegal traffic, resulting from dep6tB 
or the stationing of merchandize, within the said space {fim). 

The Government of Geneva desiring, on its part, to fieooDd 
the views of Ilis Majesty in this respect, will take the neoesBvy 
precautions to prevent smuggling from being encouraged bj 
the inhabitants of the Canton. 

Free export of Provisions from Savoy for ikt City and CanUmtf 

Geneva, 
Abt. IV. Provisions, intended for the supply of the City and 
Canton of Geneva, may at all times be freely exported from the 
Duchy of Savoy, without being subject to any duty wbate?er; 
unless His Majesty should judge it expedient in case of fanuDe^ 
to forbid, by general measures of administration, the exportatim 
of them from his States of Savoy and Piedmont. 

Separate Convention to regulate Duties for maintenance of theBood 
of the SimpUm. 

Abt. V. Merchandise and provisions which, coming from the 
States of His Majesty, and from the Free Port of Genoa, shaO 
traverse the Road called that of the %npIon, through the whole of 
its extent by the Valais and State of Geneva, being exempt from 
transit duties, in virtue of the second Article of the Protocol of the 
Congress of Vienna of the 29th March, 1815 (No. 10), the whole 
of the Duties relative to the maintenance of the Road, as well 
in the Valais, the Chablais, and the Canton of Geneva, as by tbo 
Road of St. Julien and of Meyrin, under whatever denomiDa- 
tiou they may be described, shall be fixed by a Separate Con- 
vention* iu a just proportion with the expenses reeulting from 
the local difficulties, and shall not be augmented but by the 
common consent of the respective (Governments. 

The said Governments engage not to grant any exemption 
from, or diminution of, those duties, to other Powers, wiflwn* 
• Protocol of 16th June, 1816. 
420 



No. 52] SABDINIA AND SWITZEBLAND. [16 March, 1816. 

[QeneTA, Savoy, ChablaU, and Vauoigny.] 

immediately rendering such exemption or diminution common to 
the Contracting Parties. 

Transit Duties, 

Art. VI. Provisions and merchandise coming from the States 
of His Majesty, which shall be declaimed upon their entrance into 
the Valais to be only in transit, shall, nevertheless, pay the same 
dnty as if they were intended to be consumed in the country, 
but the amount of the said duty shall be returned when they 
quit the Valais, upon the identity of the merchandise being 
established, by. verifying the seals, or by the customary marks 
afifixcd to it on its entrance, if more than six weeks shall not 
have elapsed since that period ; and in case of any impediment 
preventing it from passing within that time, a longer delay must 
be obtained^ which shall be permitted gratuitously. 

The same formalities shall be observed upon entering and 
quitting the Canton of Oeneva. 

The seals or other marks afl&xed in the Valais to verify the 
identity of the. merchandise in transit, shall be recognised and 
admitted in the Canton of (Geneva, and finally the provisions and 
merdiandise coming from the Valais by the Chablais, and destined 
for Geneva, which enjoy the same exemptions in the territories of 
His Majesty, shall be subject to the same formalities. 

The expense of the marks afl&xed to the merchandize, must 
not exceed the real cost of the lead or other materials, so 
employed. 

Perpetual Neutrality of Chablais^ Faudgny, and Territory north 
of Ugine {Upper Savoy), 

Art. VII, The Protocol of the Congress of Vienna, of the 
29th March, 1815 (No. 10), accepted by the Act of the Diet 
of the Swiss Confederation, dated the 12th of April following, 
having stipulated as one of the Conditions of the Cession of 
the territory in favour of the Canton of Geneva; ^^Tliat the 
^^ Provinces of Chablais, and of Faucigny, with all the tcrri- 
*^ lory to the North of Ugine, belonging to IBs Majesty, should 
^* form part of the Swiss Neutrality, guaranteed by all the 
'< Powers," as explained in the first Article of the said Protocol : 

The Federal Directory, having declared, by its OflBcial Note to 
His Majesty's Minister of the Ist of November ; 

^^ That the Swiss Confederation has accepted the Acts of the 

427 



16 Marcb, 1816.] SABDINU AND SWITZERLAND. [No. 52 

[Geneva, Savoy, ChablalB, and Fauoigny.] 

'* Congress of Vienna, of the 29th March (No. 10), in their 
'' full extent and according to their literal tenonr, without any 
" reservation ; so that the difference that may bo discovered 
" l)etween the wording of the afore-mentioned Act of the Diet, 
" and of the Protocol of the Congress, ought by no means to be 
<' viewed as d restriction, or as a deviation from the predse 
'' meaning of the latter," and the same OfiScial Note having 
" added ; 

" It results from these explanations, that Switzerland makes 
^' no distinction or reserve on the subject of admitting the 
" Provinces of Chablais, of Faucigny, and of the territory ncHrth 
" of Ugine, into its system of Neutrality, which may tend to 
^' weaken or modify the dispositions expressed in the Acts of 
" the Congress of the 29th March :** 

The Treaty of Paris, of the 20th November, 1815 (No. 40), 
having, in like manner, extended this Neutrality of Switzeriand, 
to another part of His Majesty^s territory : and finally the Act of 
the same day AcknowledgtJig and Guaranteeing the Perpeimttl 
NeutralUy of Switzerland^ and the Inviolability of its Territory 
(No. 43), containing the following Article : 

'' The Powers acknowledge and guarantee the Neutrality of 
" those parts of Savoy, described by the Act of the Congreas of 
" Vienna, of the 29th March, 1815 (No. 10), and by the Treaty 
" of this day, equally with the Neutrality of Switzerland, whidi 
^^ shall be enjoyed in the same manner as if they appertained 
" thereto." 

These several Declarations and Stipulations, which Switier- 
land acknowledges and accepts, and to which His Majesty 
accedes in the most formal manner, shall be binding between the 
two States. 

Freedom of Commercial communication. 

Art. VIII. The Commercial communication between the 
Provinces of Savoy across the State of Geneva shall be all times 
free, with the exception of what regards Police Kegulations, 
which shall be equally binding upon the subjects of His Majesty, 
as upon the Genevese themselves. 

Disposal of Property by Sardinians in ceded Countries. 

Emigration. 
Akt. IX. His Majesty's subjects United to the Canton of 
Geneva, shall at all times be at liberty to dispose of the Property 

428 



No. 52] SAEDINIA AND SWITZERLAND. [16 March, 1816. 

[GiMMTa, Savoy, OhablaU, and Fauciffny.] 

they may possess m the said Caoton, and to withdraw therefrom 
into whatever country they may prefer. 

Rights of SarcUmatis to he reapecteiL 

Aasr. X. The rights acquired by His Majesty's subjects, in 
Tirtiie of the laws in force at the time of the transfer of the 
territory, shall be respected by the new Legislation, and ilio 
Acts and Contracts existing, as well as the Judgments passed 
aooording to the said Laws, shall not be contested except by public 
piooeediiigB in yirtue of those laws, unless in anything which 
coooenw the competenpy of, and the forms of procedure estab- 
tiBhed for, the Genevese Tribunals. 

Dispositions in favour of Territory ceded. 

Abt. XI. The dispositions of the Protocol of "Vienna of the 
29th March, 1815 (No. 10), in favour of the tenitory c^ded by 
IBb Majesty to be united to the State of Geneva, shall also 
apfdy to flie territory, the property of which shall be acquired 
bj the said State, conformably to the Protocol of the Srd of 
November foUowing (No. 38), and to the Delimitation fixed by 
tiie /treaty of this day. 

Maintenance of Catholic Religion in ceded States. 

Akt. XII. With regard to all the objects to which it was 
foreseen, in the Protocol of Vienna of the 29th March, 1815 
(No. 10), that the future laws of the Constitution of Oeneva 
would not be applicable ; and considering that the said Protocol 
has directed, by the first clause of Article III., '^ that the 
^ Catholic Religion shall be maintained and protected in the same 
^ maimer as at present in all those Communes ceded by His 
^ Majesty the King of Sardinia, which are to be imited to the 
** Canton of Geneva'' ; it is agreed that the Laws and Customs 
in force on the 29th March, 1815, relative to the Catholic 
Religion, shall be maintained throughout the whole of the ceded 
territory, unless they shall be otherwise regulated by the authority 
of the Holy See. 

In execution of the 6th clause of the said Article III., 
which has directed that the Curate of the Catholic Church of 
Geneva shall be properly lodged and paid, this object is regulated 
conformably to the stipulation contained in the Private Act of 
tbis day's date. 

429 



16 March, 1816.] SABDmU AJSIJ> SWrrZEBLAHD. [No. 52 

[Geneva, Savoy, ChaWale, and Fftnolgny.] 

Maintenaiuie of CluiritahU EstabUakments and Ptiblic IwsUmi&UL 
in ceded States. 

Art. XIII. The Government of Geneva, wishing to show the 
Rentiments by which it is animated towards the inhabitants of the 
ceded Communes, and its desire to make a suitaUe promnfai 
Charitable Establishments and those for Public IiiBtradion,agne8 
that the part yet onpaid of the price of ibe property bekn^to 
the said Communes, which was sold under the French Adndmstn- 
tion, and the funds and securities obtained under fliat hnilif 
the said Communes, shall be received by tbem.and mqio^for 
their advantage ; that the existing Estabiisfaineiits of Chari^ mi 
Public Instruction shall preserve the funds and advantages vM 
they then possessed; and finally, it will provide that thoee 
establishments shall not be injured in any reqiect by the preseDt 
cession of territoiy. 

Landed Proprietors on Frontiers. 

Abt. XIV. The Landed Proprietors whose estates may be in- 
tersected by the present Delimitalioni in such manner as to ki^ 
their habitations or out-houses in ono State and their grooBdaia 
the other, shall enjoy the liberty of cultivating their grouDditihB 
same as if the whole estate were united in one Territoiy. The; 
shall not be subject, in consequence of such estates, to greiter 
charges than if they belonged to the State iu whidi the Bame an 
situated ; and the principle of the two Governments shall be 
specially to protect the said Proprietors, and perfectly to aooord 
in measures of safety and pdice. 

Land Tax on Estates. 

Art. XV. The Land Tax on the Estates called those of fheOU 
Survey shall not exceed the rate it bore on the 29th of lEaId^ 
1815, whilst they shall remain in the hands of the Genereee, 
and the landed property actually bel(«gmg to the Geneyese on 
the mountain's side, north of Saleve, between Yeiria* and the 
western boimdary of the Commune of Colonge, with Ardiampa 
and the pastures dependent thereon, may at all times be sold to 
Genevese subjects. 

Water Rights of Oenevese Proprietors. 

The Genevese Proprietors of the low grounds of Sattve, 
whether bordering upon Savoy or Geneva, who enjoy the ben^ts 

480 



Ho. 52 J SARDINIA AND SWITZERLAND. [16 March, 1816. 

[Geneva, Savoy, Ohablaie, and Fauoiffny.] 

derived from the waters which fall from the adjacent mountain, 
and who, according to the dispositions of the general constitu- 
tioDS, require a grant from His Majesty to preserve to them the 
enjojrment of those benefits, shall be treated with regard thereto, 
MB if they were His Majesty's subjects, excepting only the Droits 
dm TUru 

Abolition of Succession Duties. 

Art. XVI. All Droits d*Auhaine, de Detraction^ and others of 
the same nature relative to Inheritances, which may be in force 
in the States of IBs Majesty with regard to the Swiss Cantons, 
and vice versd^ shall be abolished from the date of the exchange 
of tlie Batifications of the present Treaty. 

Sioiss Proprietors on Frontiers of Piedmont. 

Abt. XVII. The Swiss Proprietors of landed property situated 
within less than two miles of the frontiers of Piedmont, fixed by 
the present Treaty, and the titles of which are anterior to the 
8rd of November, 1815, shall not be disturbed on account of the 
JBspoBitions with regard thereto, contained in the General Regula- 
tJoDB of His Majesty ; they being required, however, to conform 
to the said Regulations whenever the afore-mentioned property 
shall be transferred otherwise than by succession. 

Payment of Contrihutiom, 

Abt. XVHI. The Contributions from the territories respectively 
ceded, shall appertain to the State who is to possess them, from 
the Ist of April next ; the account thereof to be made up and 
the amount paid within a month after the transfer of the territory, 
dedncting the expenses^of their administration up to the time of 
the said transfer. 

Public Debts of ceded Territory. 

Abt. XIX. The Public Debts of the territory ceded to Geneva 
by the present Treaty, for which, according to Articles XXI., 
XXVI., and XXX. of the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 
1814 (No. 1), and of the 20th November, 1815 (No. 40), His 
Majesty's Government is responsible, shall be transferred to the 
Genevese Government from the Ist of Apiil next. 

431 



16 March, 1816.] SARDINIA AND SWITZERLAKD. CNo. 52 

[Oeneva, Savoy, Ohablais, axid FanolffnyJ 

LiquidiUion of Debts of Department of the Lefnan. 

Art. XX. His Majesty shall appoint two CommiBsioners who 
shall regulate and complete, with the least possible delay, in 
conjunction with two other Commissioners to be appointed by thd 
Canton of Geneva, the liquidation of Debts owing to or l^ the 
ancient department of the Leman, as well as those connected 
with the relations which have existed between the two States. 

Good Offices of French Govetmrne^it. 
The French Government shall be invited to interpose in thia 
liquidation for the general interests of the said department. 

Restoration of Title Deeds^ ^c. 

The Titles, Registers, and other Documents of the former 
Executive and Judicial Authorities, and of the different Adminis- 
trations of the said department, deposited at Geneva, which 
concern the inhabitants and Commimes of His Majesty's territory, 
shall be restored to the two Koyal Commissioners; and His 
Majesty agrees that all the Documents which relate to the whole 
department, or the ancient Arrondissement of the Sub-Prefecture 
of Geneva, shall, after an inventory has been made of the same, 
remain during five years, to commence from this day, in the said 
City, in the custody of two responsible Depositaries, one of them 
to be appointed by His Majesty, and the other by the Geneveso 
Government ; at the expiration of which term the two Govern- 
ments shall concert together respecting the expediency of con- 
tinuing, modifying, or suppressing, that establishment. 

nis Majesty's subjects shall have free access to these 
Deposits, and copies of Documents when demanded, or when it 
may be necessary to produce them before the Tribunals and other 
Royal Authorities, shall be delivered and regularly certified by 
the King's Depositary, alone, who shall receive the incidental 
fees on His Majesty's account. 

Payment to he made hj Canton of Gauva towards neio Cvstom- 

Ilouses 
Art. XXI. The establishment of Custom-IIouses on the new 
line occasioning considerable expense to Ilis Majesty, and the 
Delimitation fixed by /Vrticle I. requiring fresh constructions 
or improvements, on several points of the road of communication 
between Lower Savoy and the Chablai8, tie Canton of Geneva 

432 



) 



No. 52] SAKDINIA AND SWITZERLAND. [16 March, 1816. 

[Gtoneya, Savoy, Ohablals, and Fanoicny.] 

Hhall place the sum of 100,000 Piedmontesc livres at His Majesty's 
disposal, which sum shall be payable at Saint Julien within six 
months after the signature of the present Treaty. 

Appointment of Boundary Commissioners, 

Art. XXII. Two Commissioners shall be immediately ap- 
pointed, one by His Sardinian Majesty, and the other by the 
Swiss Confederation and the Canton of Geneva, to proceed to the 
afore-mentioned Delimitation, in such manner as to complete it 
before the exchange of the Ratifications. The Commissioners shall 
draw up a Prods- Verbal of their proceedings, joining thereto a 
topographical Plan of the whole of the Limits, wherein the several 
Communes shall be described, which Plan shall be signed by them. 
The said document shall be signed in triplicate, and shall be 
annexed to the present Ti-eaty. 

Foi^ner Treaties renewed. 

Art. XXni. The dispositions of former Treaties, and 
especially of that of the 3rd of June, 1764,* which are not ex- 
pressly affected by the present Treaty, arc hereby confirmed. 

Ratijications, 

Art. XXIV. The present Treaty shall be ratified by His 
Majesty, the Swiss Confederation, and the Canton of Geneva, 
and the Ratifications shall be exchanged within the space of 
three months, or sooner if possible. 

Immediately after the exchange of the Ratifications, the 
transfer of the territories shall reciprocally take place. 

In testimony whereof the Plenipotentiaries have hereunto 
affixed their Signatures and the Seals of their Arms. 

Done at Turin, the 16th day of March, in the year of our 
Lord, 1816. 

(L.S.) MONTIGLIO. 
(L. S.) PROVANA DI COLLEGNO. 
(L. S.) C. PICTET DE ROCHEMONT, 
Councillor of State. 

* See Appendix. 



433 2 p 



14 April, 1816.3 AUSTRIA AND BAVARIA. [No. 53 

(Territorial.! 



No. 53.— TREATY of Limits between Austria and Bavaria. 

Signed at Munichy 14/A Aprils 1816. 

fThia Treaty foniuHl Annex No. XI. to tlio General Treaty of 
Frankfort of 20th July, 1819.] 

Akt. Table. 

Preamble. 

1. RetroccaBions by Bavaria to Austria. 

2. Cessions by Austria to Bavaria on the Loft and Bight Banks of the 

Bhine, in exchange for Bavarian Retrocessions. Fortress of Xdimdau, 
8. Engagement of Austria to obtain for Bavaria cessions firom JKwie* 
Darmstadt and Baden, 

4. Indemnification by Austria to Bavaria for rolinquishmcnt of principle of 

contiguity, 

5. Military Road between the Possessions of Bavaria on the JToyatf and 

the Left Bank of the Bhine. 

6. Portion of French contribution to be given to Bavaria. 

7. Supply of Salt to Bavaria, free from all export and transit Duties. 

8. Free passage and transit of Salt through Bavarian States from the T^ro^ 

to Bregenz. 

9. Navigation of Bivers. The Salza and the Saale, 

10. Payment of Debts secured by Mortgages upon countries rcspectiTelj 

ceded. Payment of Pensions, &o. 

11. Sale or alienation of Domains. 

12. DeUveiy of all Archives, Maps, Plans, and Documents. 

13. Maintenance of Conventions aboUshing the Succession Duties {Droit 

d'Auhaine). 

14. Military to be placed at disposal of respective Sovereigns. Officers and 

Soldiers may remain in service of either State. 

15. Free enjoj-ment by Individuals and Religious foundations of their real 

and personal Property. Liberty to Emigrate. 

16. Possession of all ceded Places, Fortresses, Cities, and Territories. 

17. Withdrawal by Bavaria of Artillery and Military Stores at SaUhurg. 

18. Sale by Bavaria of their Magazines of Salty Mineral Productions^ &c., or 

their free export. 

19. Commission to settle Boundary separating the country of Salzburg 

from that of Berchtoldsgahen^ and from the BoiUwick of Beichen' 
hall. 

20. Special Commission of Claims. 

21. Commission to regulate all ancient Grants and clearing of the Forests 

of the Valley of the Saale. 

22. Right of Bavaria to transport and float all wood cut in Volley of the 

Upper Saale, 

23. Renunciations by Austria and Bavaria ^ respectively, of all Rights and 

Claims over ceded Slates, &c. 

24. Portions of Territory exchanged and guaranteed to pass to new 

Possessors. 

434 



Ho. 53] AUSTRIA AND BAVARIA. [14 April, 1816. 

[TerritoriaLI 

25. Ghianntee bj AnHria to Savariaot the free and peaeeftble eiyoTiiient 
and Sorereignty of aU States, kc., in his possession. Courts of 
St. Petersburg, London, and Berlin to be inrited to grant similar 
guarantee. 

SB. lUtifieatians. 

(Translation aa laid before Parliament.*) 
In the Name of the Most Iloly and Undivided Trinity. 

Preamble, 

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, and His Majesty the 
King of Bavaria, equally animated with the desire of drawing 
closer the bonds of friendship which unite them, b^ fixing in a 
definitive manner the Boundaries and Relations of their respective 
States, have appointed Plenipotentiaries to concei*t, determine, 
and sign all that relates to these objects, viz. : — 

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, the Sieur John Peter 
Theodore Baron de Wacquant-Geozelles, Chamberlain, Privy 
Cooncillor, Lieutenant-General in Ilis Service, &c. 

And His Majesty the King of Bavaria, the Sieur Maximihan 
Cknnte de Montgelas, Ilis Chamberlain, Minister of State and of 
Conferences, Directing Minister for the Departments of Foreign 
Affairs, of Finance, and of the Interior, Minister and State 
Secretary of the Royal Household, &c. 

And the Sieur Louis Comte de Rechberg and Rothenlowen, 
His Chamberlain and Privy Councillor, Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to His Imperial and Royal Apostolic 
Majesty, &c. 

Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, and found 
them in good and due form, have agreed upon the following 
Articles:— 

Retrocessions hy Bavaria to Austria, f 

Abt. I. His Majesty the King of Bavaria, for Himself, His 
Heirs and Successors, gives back and abandons, in full Propcrt3^ 
and Sovereignty, to His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, as 
well as to His Heirs and Successors : — 

The parts of Hausruckviertel and the Innvieitel, in the state 
thej were ceded by Austria in 1809. 

The Tyrolien Bailiwick of Vils, and the Ducby of Salzburg, in 
the state it was ceded by Austria in 1809. 

• For French rersion, see " State Papers," vol. Tii., p. 63. 
t See Treaty of 20th July, 1819, Art. I. 

435 2 F 2 



14 April, 1816.] AUSTKIA AND BAVARIA. [No. 53 

[Territorial.] 

Those parts of the Baliwicks of Waging, Sittmaning, Teisen- 
dorf and Laufen, situated on the left bank of the Salza and the 
Saal, are excepted from the present Retrocession. 

These districts with their appurtenances and dependencies 
shall continue to belong to the Crown of Bavaria, in full Property 
and Sovereignty. 

C€Ss{o}is hy Austria to Bavaria on the Left and Right Banks of the 
Rhine^ in exchange for Bavarian Retrocessions, 

Art. II. In return for these concessions, Ilis Majesty the 
Emperor of Austria, for Himself, His Heirs and Successors, gives 
up to His Majesty the Kmg of Bavaria, His Heu^ and Successors, 
in full Property and Sovereignty : — 

A. On the Left bank of the Rhine. 

In the Department of Moimt Tonnerre : 

1st. The Arrondissements of Deux-Ponts, Raiserlautem and 
Spire, excepting from the latter the Cantons of Worms and 
Pfeddersheim. 

2nd. The Canton of Kirchen-Poland in the Arrondissement 
of Alzey. 

In the Department of the Saar :* i 

8rd. Tlie Cantons of Waldmohr, Bliescastel, and Conssel: 
excepting from this last, cei'tain places on the road from Saint 
Wendel to Baumholder, for which a compensation shall be made 
by a territorial arrangement to be regulated in concert with the 
Plenipotentiaries of the Alhed Powers at Frankfort. f 

Fortress of Landau^ (J-c. 

In the Department of the Lower Rhine : 

4th. The Canton, with the City and Fortress of Landau, this 
last as a Fortress of the Confederation, f conformably to the 
arrangements of the 3rd of November, 1815 (No. 38). 

5th. The Cantons of Bergzabeni, Langenkandel, and every 
other part of the Department of the Lower Rhine, ceded by 
France on the left bank of the Lauter, by the Treaty of Paris of 
the 20th of November, 1815 (No. 40). 

These countries shall be possessed by His Majesty the King 
of Bavaria, without other charges or mortgages than those which 
existed during the Austrian Administration. 

* See ConTcntions between Austria and Prussia of Ist July, 1816 ; 80th 
September, 1818 ; 80th January, 1844 ; and 16th December, 1860. 
t Sec General Treaty of 20th July, 1819, Art. III. 

4;3G 



Mo. 53] AUSTRIA. A^D BAVARIA. [14 April, 1816. 

[Territorial.] 

B. Oil tbe riglit of the Rhino. 

let. The former Fuldois Bailiwick.s of Ilamniclbiirg with 
Tulba and Salek, Briickenau with Motten, that of Weyhers, — with 
the exception of the villages of Meltcrs and Ilattenrodt; a« 
-well as that part of the Bailiwick of Bieborstein, which includcH 
the villages of Batten, Brand, Dictges, Findlos, Liebhardt, 
Mclperz, Obcrbemhardt, with Steinbach, Saifferz and Thaidcn; 
the whole of these districts to bo given up in the state they were 
possessed by His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty. 

2nd. The Austrian Bailiwick of Rcdwitz enclosed (enchivi) in 
the Bavarian States. 

Engagement of Austna to obtain for Bavaria cessions from Hesse* 
Darmstadt and Baden. 

Art. III. His Majesty the Emperor of Austria engages for 
Himself, in concert with His Iligh Allies, to employ Uis most 
earnest intervention, and to use Ilis utmost endeavours to procuro 
for His Majesty the King of Bavaria : 

On the part of His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse, 
the pure, simple, and unlimited cession of the Bailiwicks of 
Alzenau, Miltenberg, Amorbach, and Heubach.* 

On the part of His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Baden, 
a part of the Bailiwick of Wertheim, according to the arrangements 
made at Paris on the 3rd of November, 1815 (No. 38). 

Indemnification by Austria to Bavaria for relinquis/iment of 
principle of contiguity, 

Abt. IV. The contiguity of the acquisitions made by Bavaria 
in exchange for the afore-mentioned retrocessions, being a stipu- 
lation of the Treaty of Ricd,t His Majesty the Emperor of 
Anstria recognizes the right of His Majesty the King of Bavaria 
to an indemnification on His reUnquishmcnt of the principle of 
ocmtiguity. 

This indemnification shall be fixed at Frankfort, at the same 
time and in the same manner as the other Territorial Arrange- 
ments of Germany.} 

To this effect His Majesty the Emperor of Austria engages to 
give His Majesty the King of Bavaria a compensation, which 
has been agreed upon between them, until the final result of the 

• See Treaty between Austria, Pruwia, &c., of 30th June, 1816, Art. III. 
t Preliminary Treaty of Alliance between Austria and Bavaria of 8th 
October, 1813, Art. IV. See Apjwndii. 
X Sec General Treaty, 2(lh July, 1819. 

437 



14 April, 1816.] AUSTRIA AND BAVARIA. [No. 53 

[Territorial.] 

negociations at Frankfort, and until His Majesty shall have 
received the indemnification for His relinquishment of the principle 
of contiguity. 

Militcmj Road between the Possessions of Bavaria on the May fie and 
the Left Bank of the Rhine. 

Abt. V. A direct communication shall be established between 
the possessions of His Majesty the King of Bavaria on the 
Mayne and those on the left bank of the Rhine, which shall be 
regulated in concert with the parties interested. 

His Royal Highness the Grand Dake of Baden shall be 
invited to enter into the necessary arrangements for the said 
Military Road through his States. 

Portion of French contribution to be given to Bavaria. 
Art. VI. His Majesty the King of Bavaria shall obtain the 
sum of 15,000,000 francs from the French contribution, for re- 
inforcing the Defensive System of Germany, in virtue of the 
distribution made at Paris, the drd of November, 1815 (No. 38). 

Supply of Salt to Bavaria^ free from all export and transit Duties, 
Art. VIL His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, for Himself, 
His Heirs and Successors, engages that His Majesty the King 
of Bavaria, His Heirs and Successors, shall be furnished annuaDy 
with a quantity of Salt, not exceeding 200,000 quintals, at the 
price it costa manufacturing, including the expense oi packing, 
which price shall bo regulated between the High Contracting 
Powers every ten years, by the scale of the real average cost of 
manufacturing it during the preceding 10 years, which average 
cost shall regulate the price for the ensuing 10 years. 

This Salt^ which may not in any case, nor in any manner be 
sold in the States of His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, 
shall be free from all exportation and transit duties, and all otiiers 
whatsoever. 

Free passage and transit of Salt through Bavarian States from the 

Tyrol to Bregenz. 

Art. VIII. His Majesty the King of Bavaria, for Himself, 

His Heirs and Successors, engages to grant free passage and 

transit for Salt and Grain on the road which leads through 

His States from the Tyrol to Bregenz. 

To prevent this free transit from becoming detrimental to the 
commerce, or the territorial rights and Sovereignty of Bavaria, 

438 



No. 53] AUSTRIA AND BAVABIA. [14 April, 1816, 

[Territorial.] 

the Commission which shall be appointed, in execution of 
Article XX. of the present Treaty shall regulate the forms and 
precautions necessary to preclude every kind of fraud with regard 
thereto. 

Navigation of Rivers, 

Art. IX. The Stipulations of the Treaty of Teschen,* which 
relate to the Navigation of the Rivers which traverse the States 
of the two Sovereigns, or foi-m the boundanes thereof, shall 
be maintained on both sides imtil the general Principles agreed 
upon by the Congress of Vienna (No. 11), can be made applio 
able thereto. 

The Salza and the Saale% 

These stipulations shall be extended to the Salza and the 
Saale, as far as these Rivers separate the two countries. 

Payitwit of Debts secured by Mortgages upon Countnes respectively 
ceded. Payment of Pensions^ 4rc. 

Abt. X. The Debts secured by mortgages upon the countries 
respectively ceded by the present Treaty, shall be regulated as 
well by the dates of the periods in which they were contracted 
as by the dates of the Protocols of Vienna, of PariS| and of every 
other Official Act which establishes the right of cession on either 
part, so that all the debts contracted prior to the dates of the 
said Acts shall fall to the lot of the new, and all those subse- 
quently contracted shall remain at the charge of the former 
possessor. 

To define more clearly the application of this stipulation, the 
following dates are agreed upon : — 

Ist. The 2drd of April, 1815, for those parts of the Haus* 
ruckviertel and the Innviertel, with the part of Salzburg, the 
cession of which was on that day agreed to at Vienna. 

2nd. The 24th of January, 1816, for that part of Salzburg not 
included in the cession previous to the 23rd of April. 

3rd. Finally the other cessions on the right and left of the 
Rhine, agreed upon at Vienna the 23rd of April, and at Paris the 
3rd of November, 1815 (No. 38), shall be regulated according 
to those two dates. 

The Pensions, half-pay, and appointments, proceeding from 
the Administration of the respective countries, shall remain at 
the charge of the new possessor. 

• 18th May, 1779. See Appendix. 
489 



14 April, 1816 J AUSTRIA AND BAVARU. [No. 53 

[Territorial.] 

Sale or alienation of Domains. 
Art. XI. Every sale of Domains or alienation whatsoever 
which may have been made in the countries ceded on either side 
by the present Treaty, previous to the periods fixed in the pre- 
ceding Article, shall be valid ; and, on the other hand, all those 
made subsequent to those periods shall be deemed null and void. 
In case, however, that it should be impossible to revoke an 
alienation, without detriment to the interests of private pur- 
chaser who have paid for and are legally entitled thereto, the 
Iligh Contracting Parties engage to be reciprocally accountable 
for the proceeds of such alienation. 

Delivery of all Archives^ Maps^ Plans^ and Documents, 

Art. XII. All Archives, Maps, Plans, and Documents what- 
soever, appertaining to the countries respectively ceded and 
exchanged, or regarding their Administration, shall be faithfully 
delivered up at tiie same time as the territories, or if it cannot 
then take place, within three months at farthest after the actual 
transfer of the territoiy. 

Maintenance of Conventions abolishing the Succession Duties (Droit 
an A ubaine). 
Art. XIII. The Conventions existing between the two States 
for abolishing the Droit (fAubaine are maintained and extended 
to all the respective possessions. 

Military to be lAuced at disposal of respective Sovereigns. Officers 
and Soldiers inay remain in service of either State. 

Art. XIV. The Military, natives of the ceded countries, or of 
other territories, which, in virtue of the present Tieaty, shall 
pass under the dominion of either Power, shall in the space of a 
year from the date of the day of its ratification, be placed at the 
disposal of their respective Sovereigns. 

It is nevertheless agreed that the OflBccrs or Soldiers who 
may wish to remain in the service of either State, shall be at 
liberty to do so without being molested in any manner. 

Free enjoyment by Individuals and Religious foundations of their real 
and personal Property. Liberty to Emigrate. 
Art. XV. Individuals of every class, as well as all public 
establishments whatsoever, and religious foundations of every 

440 



No. 53] AUSTBIA AND BAVARIA. [U April, 1816, 

[Territorial.] 

kind, shall have the free enjoyment, without any exception or 
difficulty, of their real and personal property, situated or placed 
under the dominion of either of the Iligh Contracting Parties. 

Families or individuals who may wish to emigrate shall be at 
liberty so to do, and shall be allowed the term of 6 years to 
dispose of their property and export the proceeds, without their 
paying any duty or being subject to any deduction whatsoever. 

Possession of all ceded Places^ Fortresses^ Cities, and Territories. 

Art. XVI. The High Contracting Parties shall simultaneously 
enter into possession of all the places, Fortresses, cities, and 
territories which devolve to them by the present Treaty, on the 
1st of May of the present year. 

Withdrawal hj Bavaria of Artillery and Military Stores at 
Salzburg. 

Art. XVII. The Bavarian Grovemment shall have the right of 
withdrawing all the artillery and military stores which it fur- 
nished for the establishment of Salzburg, within three months 
from the date of the ratification of the present Treaty. 

Salt by Bavaria of their Magazines of Salt^ Mineral Productions^ 
^•c, or Vieirfree export, 

Akt. XVIII. A term of 8 months from the date of the 
ratification of the present Treaty shall be also reserved, duriug 
Mrhich the Bavarian Government, after the Ratification made by 
the Commission described in Article XX., may sell the magazines 
of Salt, mineral productions, works of every description (fabri- 
cations de ses usines), and other stores whatsoever, or may export 
"the same free from evciy kind of duty, toll, or deduction. 

^ommiasion to settle Boundary separating the Country of Salzburg 
fr^m that of Berchtoldsgaben^ and from the Bailiwick of Reichen-' 
hall. 

Art. XIX. The ancient boundaries which separate the Country 
^f Salzburg from that of Berchtoldsgaben (which last remains to 
"^hc crown of Bavaria), and from the Bailiwick of Reichenhall, 
'fcaving several disputable points, the High Contracting Parties 
liave agreed that, as soon as the season will permit, a Mixed 

441 



MAP 
TYROL & VORARLBERG 



MA P 
TYROL & VORARLBERi; 



No. 53] AUSTRU AND BAVARIA. [14 April, 1816. 

[Territorial.] 

And His Majesty the King of Bavaria renounces for Himself, 
His Heirs and Successors, all rights and claims over the States, 
lands, domains and possessions, appertaining, in virtue of the 
present Treaty, to His Majesty the Emperor of Austria. 

Poitions of Territory exchanged and guaranteed to pass to new 
Possessors. 

AuT. XXIV. The portions of territory exchanged and guaran- 
teed by this Treaty shall pass to their new possessors, with all 
their revenues and receipts, from the day of taking possession. 

Guarantee hy Austria to Bavaria of the free and peaceable enjoyment 
ami Sovereignty of all States^ ^-c, in his possession. Courts of 
St. Petersburg^ London^ and Berlin to be invited to grant similar 
guarantee. 

Art. XXV. His Majesty the Emperor of Austria guarantees 
to His Majesty the King of Bavaria the free and peaceable 
enjoyment, as well as the full and entire Sovereignty of all the 
States, cities, fortresses and domains which are at present in His 
possession, and which will devolve to him in virtue of the 
present Treaty. 

The two High Contracting Parties will invite the Allied 
Courts of Petersburg, London, and Berlin, to grant a similar 
guarantee and to accede to the present transaction. 

Eatijications. 

Art. XXVI. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the 
ratifications exchanged at Munich, within the space of 15 days, 
or sooner if possible. 

In testimony whereof, the i-espectivc Plenipotentiaries have 
hereunto affixed their Hands and Seals. 

Done at Munich, the 14th of April in the year of our Lord, 
1816. 

(L. S.) LE BARON DE WACQUANT GEOZELLES. 
(L. S.) LE COMTE DE MONTGBLAS. 
(L. S.) LE COMTE DE RBCHBERG. 



443 



15 June, 18160 mussu, &c. [jf o. 54 

[ Sch wartzbnrff-Sondershauflen.] 



No. 54u— TERRITORIAL TREATY between Prussia and 
Schtcartzhurg-Sondershansen. Signed at Berlin, Ibtk 
June, 181 G. 



Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Kcfcrcrcc to Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815. 

1. Eenunciations on tho part of Schwartzburt^-Sondershausen, 

2. Renunciations on the part of Prustia, 

3. Reciprocal Execution. 

4. Debt*. Corporations. 

5. Civil OiRcers. Civil and Military Pensioners. 

6. Arrears. 

7. Military Arrangements. 

8. Free Transit. 

9. Right of RoTcrsion. 

10. Consent to the Treaty with Schwa rtzlurr/'Sttdolstadt of 19th June, 1816. 

11. Ratifications. 

Sejtarate Articles, 

1. Feudal Expectations. 

2. Jurisdiction. Constitutional Rights. 

(Translation.*) 
Reference to Vienna Congress Treatjj ofWi June^ 1815. 

IIis Majesty the King of Prussia, who, in consequence of 
Articles XV., XVIII., and CXVIII. of the Act condudod at the 
Congress of Vienna (No. 27), has acquired all those rights which 
until then belonged to the Crown of Saxony against the Princely 
IIouso of Schwartzburg and its possessions, and IIis Serene 
Highness tho Prince of Schwartzburg-Sondershausen, on both 
sides inclined to arrange their affairs more simply and definitively 
than heretofore, have for this purpose appointed Plenipotentiaries, 
namely : 

IIis Majesty the King of Prussia, Ilerr Johann Ludwig von 
Jordan, &c., &c., and I Terr Johann Gottfned Iloffmann, &c., &c. ; 

And Ills Serene Highness the Pnnce of Schwa rtzbiu-g-Sondcrs- 
hausen, Ludwig Wilhelm Adolph von Weise, &c., &c., and Carl 
Friedrich Wilhelm von Weise, &<;., &c., who, after excban^ln^ 
their Full i\>w<us, found in good form, have agreed uj)on the 
followhig Articles. 

Rcnvnciations on the Part of Sc/nrartzburg-Sondcrshausen, 
Art. I. His Serene Highness the Prince of Schwartzburg"- 
• For German version, pcc " State Papers," vol. iii., p. 832. 
441 



541 PRUSSIA, &r. ri5 June, 1816. 

[gchw»rtBbnrg»8omier«hanian. ] 

Separate Articlej?. 
Ibt. I. Feudal Expectatinns. 
\XT. II. JuHsdictioii. Conatitutiomd liiyhts, 

[n witness whereof tlio Plenipotontiarios on both sides liave 
led the Separate Articles and sealed them with their arms. 
Berlm, 15th June, 181C. 

(L.S.) JOHANN LUDWIG VON JORDAN. 

(L.S.) JOHANN GOTTFRIED HOFFMANN. 

(L.S.) LUDWIG WILFIELM ADOLPH VON WEISE. 

(L,S.) CARL FRIEDRICII WILIIELM VON AVEISE. 



447 



15 June, 1816.1 PRUSSIA. &c. [Mo. 54 

[Schwartobnrg-Sondwwhfttt—n.] 



of Bothenheiligeii and its appurtenances, the so-called 
royalties {llecess-herrschaften), the Wood called Stockei belcmg^ 
ing to the community of Wiedermut, and generally in the 
compass of His Serene Highnesses Territory as it will be bounded 
after the conclusion of this Treaty ; the Recess moneys (J?«ce«t- 
gelder) and the hunting in the Stockei are specially included heran: 

2, All the Sovereign, Feudal, and Proprietary Rights which he 
possesses in the districts of Gross-Purra and Bendeleben. 

3. The Property and the Revenues of the Estate situated in 
the Schwartzburg village of Alkersleben, and belonging to the 
Erfurt Domain Admhiistration, the possession and incomes of the 
former Provostship of Gellingen, situated within the Sondens- 
hausen Boundaries, alHO those Incomes and Revenues which his 
collecting office at Nordhausen, the chapter, and the Frauenber(2^ 
at the same place levy in those districts which, after the conclusion 
of this Treaty, will be under the Sovereignty of His Serene 
Highness. The Tax exemption of the Prinwly domain at Gerterode 
shall also ha i-e-established as it was l)efore the Peace of Tilsit. 

Ilis Serene Ilighness the Piince of Schwartzburg-Sonders- 
hausen will possess for himself and his successors all Rights and 
Revenues hereby renounced in his favour, with the same privileges 
and obligations, as they are now in possession of His Majesty 
the King of Prussia, and the Rights of the House of StoUberg 
especially cannot and shall not be ^^^thdrawn hereby. 

Art. in, Reciprocal Execution, 

Art. IV. Debts, Corporations^ 

Art. V. Civil Officers, Civil and Militaivi/ Pensionerp, 

Art. VI. Arrears, 

Art. VII. Military Atrangementi^, 

Art. VIII. Free Transit, 

Art. IX. Right of Reversion, 

Art. X. Consent to the Treatt/ with Schtvartzhtrg-Rudohtadt of 
im June, 1816 (No. 66). 

Art. XI. Ratifications, 

In witness whereof tlie Pknipotentiaries on both sides have 
signed the present State Treaty and sealed it with their arms. 
Berlin, 15th Jmie, 1816. 

(L.S.) JOIIANN LUDWIG VON JORDAN. 

(L.S.) JOIIANN GOTTFRIED HOFFMANN. 

(L.S.) LUDWIG WILHELM ADOLPH VON WEISE. 

(L.S.) CARL FRIEDRICn WILHELM VON WEISE. 

446 



Ko. 54] PBUSSIA, &r. ri5 June, 1816. 

[QohwartBtmrff-SondershaaMn. ] 

Separate Abticles. 
Art. I. Feudal Expectations, 
ilkXt. 11. Jurisdiction, Constitutional Riyhts. 

In witness whereof the Plenipotentiaries on both sides have 
igned the Separate Articles and sealed them with their annjj. 
Berlm, 15th June, 1816. 

(L.S.) JOnANN LUDWIG VON JORDAN. 

(L.S.) JOIIANN GOTTFRIED HOFFMANN. 

(L.S.) LUDWIG WILHELM ADOLPH VON A\T:ISE. 

(L.S.) CARL FRIEDRICn WILIIELM VON AVEISE. 



447 



19 June, 1816.J pbussia, &c. [Ho, 56 

Sohwartsburer-Budolstadt.] 



No. 55— TERRITORIAL TREATY between Prussia and 
Schwartzburg-Rudolstadt, Signed at Berlin^ I9rt June^ 
1816. 



Abt. Table. 

Preamble. Kefercncc to Vienna Congress Treaty of 9tli June, 1816. 

1. Renunciations on the part of SchwartzbvrffSudoUtadi, 

2. Bcnunciations on the part of Prussia, 
8. Uociprocal Execution. 

4. Debts. Corporations. 
6. Civil Officers. 

6. Arrears. 

7. Military Arrangements. 

8. Free Transit. 

9. Eight of Bevcrsion. 

10. Consent to the Treaty with Scbwartzburg-Sondersliauscn of 15th Jnnc^ 

1816. 

11. BatificationsL 

(Translation.*) 
Reference to Vienna Congress Treaty ofdfh June^ 1815. 

His Majesty the King of Prussia, who, in consequence of 
Articles XV., XVIII., and CXVIII. of the Act concluded at the 
Congress at Vienna (No. 27), has acquired all those rights which 
until then belonged to the Crown of Saxony against the Princely 
House of Schwartzburg and its possessions, and His Serene 
Highness the Prince of Schwartzburg-Rudolstadt, on both sides 
inclined to arrange their relations more simply and definitiv^ely 
than heretofore, have for this purpose appointed Plenipotentiaries, 
namely : 

His Majesty the King of Pnissia, Ilerr Joliann Ludwig von 
Jordan, Actual Privy Councillor of Legation, Departmental Chief, 
and Knight of several Orders, and Herr Johann Gottfried Hoff- 
mann, Privy Councillor of Legation, and Knight of several Orders; 

And His Serene Highness the Prince of Schwartzburg-Rudol- 
stadt, the Baron von Ketelhodt, Chancellor and Consistorial 
President, Grand Cross of the Gmnd Ducal Baden Order of 
Fidelity ; 

Who, after the exchang-e of their Full Powers, found in good 
form, have agreed upon the following Articles. 

• For German version, see " State Paperj»," vol. iii., p. 837. 
448 



No. 55] PBUSSU, kc. L19 Jane, 1816. 

[8o]iwartmburff-BadoUUdt.j 

Renunciations on the part of Schwartzhurg-BudoUtadt. 
Abt. I. His Serene Highness the Prince of Schwartzburg- 
Radolstadt renounces for ever in favour of His Majesty the King 
of Prussia: 

1. All Feudal Rights and Revenues which he has hitherto 
possessed, levied, or otherwise asserted alone or jointly within 
the drcuit of the Prussian State, as it will be bounded after the 
oondusion of the present Treaty ; and all Claims which he may 
have on the Salt Springs at Artem, and those contributions 
in money and kind which his chamber has hitherto drawn from 
the Bailiwicksof Sachsenburg, Artem, Sangerhausen, and Rossla. 
The Private Property in woods, meadows, and other lands which 
His Serene Highness the Prince of Schwartzburg-Rudolstadt 
possesses in various places of the Prussian States, e,g,^ at 
Uftrungen, Breitungen, Etzleben, or other places, is not, how- 
ever, ceded hereby, but remains the Prince's property under 
Prussian Sovereignty, with exemption from land taxes, so far as 
that has been the case hitherto, 

2. The districts of Wohlkramshausen, with all Sovereign, 
Plpoprietary, and other Rights. The meadows situated in the 
Wohlkramshausen plain, belonging to the Princely seat of Straus- 
berg, are Private Property, to which the stipulations in sec. 1 
of this Article apply. The seat of Kirchberg, situated in the 
Stransberg plain, remains under Schwartzburg Sovereignty. 

His Majesty the King of Prussia will possess all Rights and 
Revenues hereby renounced, for himself and his successors, with 
the same privileges and obligations as at present appertain to 
their possession by His Serene Highness the Prince of Schwartz- 
burg-Rudolstadt, and the riglits of the House of Stollberg 
especially cannot and shall not be withdrawn hereby. 

Ittnuncialions on the part of Prussia, 

Art. II. On the other hand, His :Maje8ty the King of Piiissia 
renounces in favour of His Serene Highness the Prince of 
Schwartzburg-Rudolstadt : 

1. All Sovereign, Feudal, and other Rights and Revenues which 
he has hitherto possessed, levied, or otherwise asserted in the 
so-called Recess lordships {Recess-herrschaften)^ or otherwise in the 
compass of His Serene Highness's Territory, as it vrill be bounded 
after the conclusion of this Treaty. This renunciation does not, 
however, relate to the Bailiwicks of Heringen and Kelbra, which 

440 2