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'Vr(^^- 












ersity of Caliiotnia 




THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 

OF CALIFORNIA 

IRVINE 

Lx Libris 



Professor R F. Treharne 



RERUM BRITANNICARUM MEDll /fiVT 
SCRIPTORES, 



OR 



CHRONICLES AND MEMORIALS OF GREAT BRITAIN 

AND IRELAND 



DURlNCr 



THE MIDDLE AGES. 



U 35441. 



THE CHRONICLES AND MEMORIALS 

OF 

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 

DURING THE MIDDLE AGES. 

I-UIJLISHED BY THE ADTHORITy OF lllill DJAJESTy'S TRKASL'UY, UNOEU 
THK DIRECTION OF THE MAbTElI OF THE ROLLS. 



On the 26th of January 1857, the Master ol' the 11 oils 
submitted to the Treasury a proposal for the puhlicatioii 
of materials for the History of this Country from the 
Invasion of the Homans to the reign of Henry Ylll. 

The Master of the Holls suggested that these materials 
should be selected for publication under competent 
editors without reference to periodical or chronological 
arrangement, without mutilation or abridgment, prefer- 
ence being given, in the first instance, to such materials 
as were most scarce and valuable. 

He proposed that each chronicle or historical docu- 
ment to be edited should be treated in the same way as 
if the editor were engaged on an Editio Princeps ; and 
for this purpose the most correct text should be formed 
from an accurate collation of the best MSS. 

To render the work more generally useful, the Master 
of the Eolls suggested that the editor should give an 
account of the MSS. employed by him, of their age and 
their peculiarities ; that he should add to the work a 
brief account of the life and times of the author, and 
any remarks necessary to explain the chronology; but 
no other note or comment was to be allowed, except 
what might be necessary to establish the correctness of 
the text. 

a 2 



4 



Tiiu works to be -published in octavo, separately, as 
they were tinislied ; the whole responsibility of the task 
resting upon the editors, Avho were to be chosen by the 
Master of the Rolls with the sanction of the Treasury. 

The Lords of Her Majesty's Treasury, after a careful 
consideration of the subject, expressed their opinion in a 
Treasury Minute, dated February 9, 1857, that the plan 
recommended by the Master of the Rolls "was well 
calculated for the accomi^lishment of this important 
national object, in an effectual and satisfactory manner, 
within a reasonable time, and provided proper attention be 
paid to economy, in making the detailed arrangements, 
without unnecessary expense." 

They expressed their approbation of the proposal that 
each Chronicle and historical document should be edited 
in such a manner as to represent with all possible correct- 
ness the text of each writer, derived from a collation of 
the best MSS., and that no notes should be added, except 
su<;h as weri) illustrative of the various readings. They 
suf^"'csted, however, that the preface to each work shouhi 
contain, in addition to the j)artiGulars proposed by the 
Master of th(; lloUs, a biographical account of the author, 
so far as authentic materials existed for that purpose, 
and an estimate of his historical credibility and value. 



lii>lls 1 1 oil SI, 

Dccvmbcr 1807. 



{^All rights reserved.'] 



V 



THE METRICAL CHRONICLE 



OF 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



EDITED BY 



WILLIAM ALDIS WRIGHT, M.A., Hon. D.C.L. and LL.D., 

FELLOW AND SENIOR BURSAU OF TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE. 



Part IL 



PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE LORDS COMMISSIONERS OF HER MAJESTY 8 
TREASURY, UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE MASTER OF THE ROLLS. 



LONDON 

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•BY EYRE AND SPOTTISWO(? 

PRINTERS TO THE QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT 




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HODGES, FIGGIS, & Co., 104, Grafton Street, Dublin. 



AS- 

Co- 



THE CHRONICLE 



OF 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



regme 
cmme. 



^Eint edward brotte in to engelond • out of liorman- 

d[ye] . 
Men ]?at him adde fleme ydo . god & corteysye • G845 
& Roberd an clerc he loiiede mest • vor lie lef him pe 

bissop[riche] • 
Of londone & supl?c of kanterbury • ]:'e erchebissopricho • 
po he was ercliebissop • ki]'er he was & prout • 6848 fol. loi b. 
pe king him loiiede & alle is dedes « |?oiu him dude al out • 
per was vpe |?e cpiene emmo • j^e kinges moder ydo • diffamacio 
A luj'er sclandre & vpe ]^e bissop • of winehestrc al so 
pat hii in contenance • to folliche hom here • 
pe ercliebissop tolde ]?e king • more |;an j?er Avere • 
pat ]>er was foul lecherye • bituene hom ydo • 6854 [334] 
& ]>Sit ]>oru ])e qnene hire sone was • Alfrede to de|?e ido • 

6844. m to} to Baj35. 

G845. him adde'] addo lij^m B; hem hadde a. adde Jleme] longe 

liatb 7. Jleme] lome a5 ; longe /3. ydo] do )3. god] worschep ;8. 
G846. an] aB; oa; 007. an clerc] Anclere S. mesi] wel most 7. 

vor he] & ai35. Jjc] o j8. 6847. su]>\>e of] sij^cn at ^. J>«] an (;. 

0849. allc] om. a/35. \>oru] & J?oru a; & boni^ /3; & l>rou 5. 
68.50. Yer ivus . . , . emme] Op on cmmc ]'c queue was a ; Apon Emmo 

\>Q quene /3 ; Vpou Emmc he qucnc was 5. Z/'^"] ^^'^^ ^^ P- 
6851. A lu];>er] A foul a ; A foulc /3 ; Euyl 5. vpe] apon 7. 
68.'>2. in contenance] iu continante a. folliche] folj'che B ; folilyclic C ; 

foleliche a ; folyes S. G854. foul] vil a. 
G855. Sf \>nt .... ido] 8c bi hure was alfred hire soue aslawe so a; And 

bi huro was Alfred hure sone do to deth also /8 ; and by hure A Ifrede 

hure sone done to dcthe also 7. 



49G THE CHRONICLE OF 

& he ne mi^te no^t bileue • bote he araendement toke • 
Of so vil dede wanne he adde • hor soules to loke . 
vlcio regis, pe king kuiede him wel ynou ■ & suor he nolde tibide • 
pat he nokle uerst nyme • vengaunce in is side • 
>)e bissop he biuom verst • al is lay fe • 6860 

'& sii|>])e he bro^te him in prison • & bi nom him is se • 
His model he dude ek in warde • &5 scars liflode ire fond • 
In ]?e abbeye of worewelle • & binom hire al ire lond . 
pis quene made deol ynou • & ire lettres wide sende • 
To bissopes ]>at he truste to • ire stat uorto amende • 
& ])at heo wolde J>oru furi yre • ^if me wolde jjat heo bere* 
()|>er trede ssewi • )?at heo gulteles were • 
pe king was mek & milde ynou • & as ]?e bissopes him bade- 
Wolde is moder do al out • bote as ]>e o|?er it made • 
& na])eles hii were at on • as hii wolde desire • 6870 
pat is moder ire skere • ssolde wi]> fury ire • 

68")G. cS'] Si, hat BCa)35. ?ie] om. 5. ne miyte no'^t bileue] ne 

mi^te bileiie nout C; ne may nout lete a ; be no^t lette y3 ; be noght 

left 7. bott^ lie amendement'\ hot ameudement he 5; J^at he ameJtles a ; 

hilt ne he araendes /3 ; hat he ne ameudes 7. 
0857. so vil dede'] siichc dedes oj8 ; siiche dede 5. wanne] for aj3 

lofu-] loco (sic) a. 
CS.IS. /<iiiii] good kynge 5. leuede liim] him seide a^ ; spake ho 5. 

wei tjtioii] oni. 5. snor] sner B. he] hat he S. 
0859. nolde] ne wolde /3. nerst m/me] nime also a ; take also /35 

nynip] neme C. vengaxmce] vengeance Ba ; veniaunce /3. in] oil 5. 
C8G(). \>(] Fro he /3. hinom] toke /8. 
fiSCl. he hro-yle him] hym B ; him broute a ; him brou^t (85. bi notn 

him] bi name /3. 
0802. Ili.i] & his a(i5. he dude eh in warde] dnde in warde ek a ; he 

dide in warde also j8 ; dide in warde also 7 ; he pntte in warde eke 5. 

ek] om. B. li/lode] lyfledc B. fond] fonde Ba. 
C8C3. woravelle] whorewelle C ; wherwelle 7. al] om. BCa;85. ire] 

om. o. lond] londe B. G8G4. deol ynou] muche doel 7. 

0805. he] heo Ba ; sehe /3. Irnste] trist o3 ; trust j8. uorto] vort a ; to 5. 
C800. heo] he C (& passim). furi yre] fury Iren 7. 

0807. Irede] B ; to rede A ; trede & C ; her vpon trede & aj85. 

mrwi] schewy C ; scewi o ; schewe /35. \^at heo t/ulteles] gultles hat 
heo o ; gnltles hat sche i3. 

0808. meh ^ milde] raildc & muke a. him] om. B. 

0869. do] don a ; done 7. h'] <>rn. C5. ohcr] ohere C. 

0870. at on] n\ nt on C ; alle at one 7. 

0871. i»v sliere ssnlde] hnrc skere scholde C; hure skeri scholde o; skere 
hir schulde S ; swcrc schulde (i. /'"■//] rede furi a ; rede f ure /3 ; 
^uch furye 8. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 497 

pe erchebissop roberd • hurde of ]ns dom • [335] 

& |?ei he nere no^t ibede • to ]?is conceil he com • 
pe bissopes he ladde a conseil • louerdinges he sede • indicium 
Ich wene vor is moder • mi louerd ]?e king ^e H^'^^'' 

bede . G875 

pat nis as no womman • ac as 'pe deuel ich doute • 
pat uorto ssende ire owe sone • pe king is aboute • 
pat sei|? he is amansed • vor ire copinere • 
pe bissop he de|? in warde • of wan heo wole hire 

skere • 
tif heo skevp hire of him • hou wole heo verJ?ore 

mo • 6880 

Skere of ]?at heo a]^ ido • hire sones gret wo • 
Of ]7at heo alfred hire sone • radde to de|?e bringe • 
& ]^at heo porueyde poyson • to hire sone pe kinge • 
Ac tif heo hire skeri wole • of ech of l^is J^inge • 
And heo hire skeringe do • after mi lokinge • G885 



6872. roberd] Robert a. hurde'\ yhurde o; when he harde /8. 

6873. nere'] were /8. ibede] ybe B ; bidde y. he] om. C. 

6874. ladde] hadde y ; toke S. a conseil] to counseile fi ; to couseil 5. 
louerdinges] lordlynges C. 

6875. vor] \>a,t for 5. mi louerd )>e] to my lord S. 

6876. nis] is /3 ; ys 5. luomman] wimman a. 

6877. \>at] om. a/3; ac C. ire owe] hure howe a. is] heo ys B ; 
heo is o ; sche is now ;8 ; sche ys 5. 

6878. pat] Sche fi. sei\>] seid a ; saide /3. anumsed] a mased 
man j3. copinere] copyner C ; copener j3. 

6879. he de\>] J>at he dide 13. of ivaii] of wham C; ofwhaa; for 
whom /3. skere] sker C ; swere ;8. 

6880. heo sker);>] he skere)? C. s/ier\> hire] skery hyre B; hure wole 
skere a ; wole here swere 0. of him] for him afi. heo] he a. 
ver\>ore] forjjere a. 

6881. Skere] Swere )3. ido] do 7. sones] sone /3. y^ef] so gret 
a/8 ; so grete 5. 

6882. Of] om. ;8. heo] hue a ; om. 5. radde] sche radde 5 ; 
counseilede /3. 

6884. Ac] And 7. heo] om. a. skeri] skere BCa ; swere /8. ech] 
eche B. ]>/s] t'isse a. ; J>ise /8. 

6885. heo hire] also hure j8 ; in here 5. skeringe] swerynge /3. 

I I 



11 



408 THE CHRONICLE OF 

And heo of scapie harmles • ]^e gultes echon • 

Icliolle nime vor me & vor \>e king • ]>&t gult na|^ 

]7erof non • 
fol. 102. & grante J'at mi dignite • me be al binome • 

& |>at heo & ])e bissop ek • to hor stat a^en come • 
Lat nime foiire yrene ssares • vor hire sulue al a 

fure . 6890 

& fiue uor J?e bissop • & ^if heo it mai dure • 
[336] Wanne hii ligge]? in |?e flor • to steppe vp echon • 
After o]?er bareuot • j^at heone bileue no^t on • 
pat heo ne steppe mid folle vot • wi]?oute quakinge • 
& ^if hire vet be]? |?anne sauf • wij^oute wemminge • 
Graiinte}) horn alle quit • ac tif heo quakiej? out • 689G 
0]?er step)? biside • oj^er hire vet • in eny wemme be 

ybro^t • 



6886. And'] AndJjatjS. of scapie] aschapijea; ascape ;S. harmles'] 
harmyles B. echon] euerichoue 5. 

0887. Icholle] Ich a ; I y3S. nime] om. B; mene )3 ; take S. vor 

me &f vor \>e king] for \>q kynge & me /3. §• vor] & a^. na\> 

Jjero/] nabbej) B ; naj> heo o ; ha> sche /3 ; ha)>e sche S. 

6888. yrante] granty C ; grand a ; I graunte j8. dignite] dyngnyte C 
wjc] fro me 0. al binome] ynome j8. 

6889. ck] om. ;8. hor] hyre B. stat] astate 5. aje?*] a^e a. 

6890. Lat 7iime] Let nyme B ; Lat ueme C ; Late> nime o ; Lete|) take )8 ; 
Lete)jc take 5. foure] fortlie y. ssares] scharres C. vor hire 
sulue] vor hure sulf a ; to her self 5. a fure] fuyre 5 ; on fuyre 0. 

689 1 . fue] fyue schares 5. heo it mai] sche J>at may ; she may that y. 
dure] endure 5. 

6892. liggc\>] ligge $. steppe] steppen aj3. vp] apon ; vpon y ; 
on hem 5. echon] euerchonc 5. 

6893. After] Eche aftir j8. ];>at] and B. heo] sche of hem P ; eche 
of hem y. ne bileue noyt on] byleue nou B ; ne bileue non C ; ue 
leue non aS ; Icue none j8. 

6894. pat heo 7ic] And )>at sche /8. inid] om. a$. wii>oute] 
wythouten y. 

6895. hire] om. B. 6e)j iiaivie sauf] bu)) }>anne saue a ; saue be P. 
sauf] saue C. wi^oute] woute eny B ; w'oute eny C ; -withowten j8, 
wemminge] wemninge a ; 'wemnynge y. 

6896. GVa«7j<t;J>] Grantije)) o; Graunte y3. quit] q\i\yt a. quakie))] 
quakc'h B ; qwakc 3. 

6897. stipi>] stepped o; isteppi)> y. o]>er] oure 7. e^iy] ony /8. 
ybroyt] brout a ; brought y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 499 

Holdej? hom gulti of ]>& decle • & late]? horn al so • 

Al hor lif as wikked men • in strong prison "be ydo • 

po me tolde j^e quene vore • heo was glad ynoii • 

So J?at |>oru al engelond • j^is word sone drou • G901 

pat ]>o dai was icome • so muche folc J?er com • lud^di"^ 

pat me nuste ware hom Inny • vor to yse J?is dom • 

And ]>e heyemen ney of engelond • were ]7ere ech one • 

To se godes grace of j^e quene • bote |?e erchebissop one • 

Ac he feinede him somdel sik • and ney ]?e se to be • 

He bileuede at douere • tif ned were to fle • 6907 

pe quene ]?oru J^e kinges heste • ybrott was al so • 

Fram worewelle to winchestre • ]>is lugement to do • 

To sein swithines ssrine • pen wei heo nom wel ri^t • 

Gladliche |?o heo ]>uder com • & bileuede ]?er al ni^t • regi- 

In wop & in orisons • ]7at reupe it was to se • ^^'g' ^^ " j 

And euere bed ]?e holimon • hire help uor to be • 6913 

6898. honi] i>em 5. of \>e dede] Jeanne a ; J>an /3 ; Jseu 5. al so] ek 
also a; eke also fi; Jjen also 5. 

6899. Al] Bi a ; By j3. lif] lyues 5. wikked'] wycke B. men] 
folc o5 ; folke ^. strong prison] stronge prisone a. be ydo] beo 
do o ; do ;35. See Appendix, Note KN. 

6900. vore] J^er of j3. 

6901. ]>orti] throute S. engelond] >e londe )8. word sone] sone >ys 
word 5. 

6902. Vat] So}>atj8. dai] \>q day Ba; l^e daie Cj3 ; J^e daye S. 
icome] come y. so] and so |8. 

6903. nuste] ne wist j3. ware hom Inny] whar hanne a; from wliens /3. 
yse] se BC;3 ; seo a ; see y. \>is] Jje 5. 

6904. And] om. B. ney] om. )3. were \>ere] weren J>er a ; were 
neije J^er ;8 ; were there nye y. 

6905. godes] om. d8 ; \>q /3. bote] saue j8. >e] om. BC. 

6906. Ac he feinede him] But him feyned /8. him] om. 5. 7iey] 
nere fi. to be] he wolde be 5. 

6907. He bileuede] And byleft 5. 7ied] neode a. , 

6908. pe queue] om. ai35. ybro^t ivas] Jje quene was ibrout a ; >e qwene 
was brou)t )3S. 

6909. worewelle] whorewelle C ; Wherwelle y. 

6910. swithines] swythyne C. ]?en] ))ane Ca ; J'O /3. heo] he 5. 
nom wel] toke ful y. 

6911. heo] sche S. Sf bileuede] & bilefde a ; sche bileued 0. i>er] om. B. 

6912. wop] wepenge^; wepynge 7S. oriso7is] oreisons a ; sorwe C. 

6913. bed] prayed jS. Jse] >an o. vor] om. C. 

II 2 



500 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[337] As heo vel in a lute slep • sein swi|?in to hire com • 
apparicio. bolter he sede be studeiiast • to vnderuonge J?is dom • 
Ich am swithin wam ]>o\\ bidst • & uor^if J^i sone |?is 
dede . 691G 

And to passe ]>e fury yre • naue ]70u none drede • 
pe quene was .a;lad ]70 heo awok • of ]?at ]>is godemon 

sede • 
pat folc com j^ikke amorwe • to se ]>is wonder dede • 
And ]?e heyemen come echon • j^en dom to hure sone • 
And ]>e king j^en dom uor to ^iue • an hey sat on is 
trone. 6921 

Biuore him uor to auonge • hir dom • j^e quene me 

bro^te al so • 
pe king hire esste sturneliche • wer heo wolde ])e dom do • 
Re[. . . . pe quene wepinde wel sore • ]>e king ansuerede ]?is • 

Pf Sire king )?ou art mi louerd • and mi sone ywis • 6925 

Ich emme Jjat J^e ber • and uor j^e gronede ylome • 
pe wule ];ou in mi wombe were • & ar J'ou fram me 
com[e] • 

6914. a lute'] oluteo; oo litel )8. 

6915. studeuast'] stedefast C. vnderuonye] vnderfong C ; do nou a; 
do now j35. J>is] J>y BC5 ; ]>\ a/S. 

6916. jvam] wham C ; whom y ; to whom S. bidst'] biddest o ; bystB . 
best C. Sf] ora. a$. uoryif] verjyf B; for^if a; for ^eiie 0. 

C917. Aiid] om. a;35. passe] pass3' BC ; passi a. )>e] ))at a; Jjys 5- 

fury i/re] fure liens /3. iiaue ]>ou none] haue J)OU none j3 ; haue l^ou 

no 7 ; haue no raauere 5. 

6918. was] heo was B. awok] awoke o; woke /3. of] om. C ; vor a ; 
for )35. \>is] )>e o/35. 

6919. ^at] The 5. \>ikhe] afi; Hcke BC ; j^yk 5 ; \,\\ke A. 

6920. \,en] t>ane Co ; )>at ilke /3 ; }>at 5. to hure] for to se fi. 

6921. )>en] )>ane C ; t>e a)35. an hey] on highe y. on] in ;35. 

6922. uor] om. a;8. auoiige] fonge a)35. also] al (cut off) A. 

6923. esste] esched C ; escht 5 ; asked y. wer] wher C ; >if a ; if iS ; 
yf 5. wolde \>e doiii] }>e dom (doom ;8 ; dome 5) wolde a/85. )>e] Jjan C. 

6924. wepinde] wepude B; wepynge C)3 ; wepinge a. wel] ry^t ;8. 
>c] to t>e 5. \>is] with >is 3. 

692'j. art] ert C. and mi] also my )3. 

6926. ber] here B ; bar a ; bare y. ylome] lome fi. 

6927. )>ou] that thou y. in mi wombe] in myn wombe C ; on me a. 
^ ar . . . come] omitted in 5. ^ ar] er a ; or /8. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 501 

A sclaundre is vp me ibro^t • of min children tueye • ^o\. 102 b. 
Of ]?e & of alfred ]n bro]7er . l^at my sones were beye • 
pat ich ssolde atte rede be • ^n bro]?er to de|>e bringe • 
And ]>e vor to apoisony • & ^ut of ]>e }7ridde >inge • 
pat ich sunne of lecherie • Mid aylwine al so • 6932 
pat is bissop of winchestre • ssolde abbe ydo • 
Ich clupie god to witnesse • |;at he me to day yhure • 
pat tif ich of eni giilti am • ]>at ich mote ]^oru ]?is fm-e • 
Brenne bi nej^e & perissy • l^at me mowe yse J^e wreche • 
& ^if ich gultles am j^er of • god ]?at so|7e teche • 
pe quene was ]70 vor|? ilad • mid moni a wepinde eye • [338] 
Of bissopes & of heyemen • & of oj^ere J?at it yseye • ^'"^• 
Hire riche cloj^es were of ydo • bote J^at heo was bi 
weued. C940 

Hire bodi wi]> a mantel • a wimpel aboute hu-e heued • 



6928. A] a; One 7. vp'] ope a ; apon $. ihroyQ brought y. 
mm] my B;8 ; myne C ; mine a. children tueye'] children two 5 ; 
two children j3. 

6929. §• of] & BCciiSS. my] myne C ; mine a. my sones were 
beye] my sones bo|je weren j3 ; were my sones bo 5. 

6930. atte] at J>e afi. ))i«] ^y B ; >i afi. 

6931. vor to] vort a ; for to haue 7. apoisony] aposony C ; apoiseuy 
a; apoisoun 7; poysne 5. of] om. 5. J>e] om. B. 

6932. pat ich] Mid a; With /3 ; That S. sunne] synue C35. 
lecherie] licherye &. aylwine] ailwene C ; Byschop Ailewyne ^. 

6933. ssolde abbe] ich scholde habbc a ; I schulde haue fi ; I schulde S. 
ydo] do 75. 

6934. clupie] clepi^e a ; take fi. ];>at he me to day] J)at me to day B ; 
to dai }>at he me afi ; to daye J?at he me S. yhure] hure a ; here ^S. 

693.5. eni] ony /3 ; euy 7 ; hit S. yidti am] gultibe fi ; gilty be 7; be 

giltye 5. mote] moste 5. );>oru \>is] on t>e a/3 ; in J>ys 5. f^re] 

fere j3 ; fire 7. 

6936. perissy] persi C ; perischi a ; perisshe 7. wie] ^e afi. mowe 
yse] mowe iseo o ; mowe sec j3 ; may see 7 ; may se S. Jje] that 7. 

6937. yod] hit god Ba8. \>at so)>e] >et soJ>e B ; he so)>e Ca^5. 

6938. vor)> Had] fore yprayde S. Had] ladde fi. moni a] manije 
o a. ivepinde] wepend C ; wepynge fi. 

6939. ofo\>ere] oj^ere S; of o}>er men /3. yseye] seie C; seye 7. 

6940. Hire riche] AUe hure afi. ydo] do /3. bi weued] y weued a ; 
weued jS ; was on bj weued 5. 

6941. bodi] bare bodye S. a mantel] o mantel a. wimpel] whympel 
C. aboute] vp C ; vpon a ; vp on /3 ; apon 7 ; on 5. 



502 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Hire legges bare binefje ]?e kne • J^at me mi^te ech 

stape ise • 
A wey vuele bicom it queue • so bar uor to be • 
Me brotte vor]? 'pis fury ssares • and leide is al arewe • 
In ]7e bar er|7e isuope • godes grace to ssewe • 6945 
pe bissopes blessede pe ssares • and J^e quene al so • 
And ladde ire uor]? in ei]?er alf • pis lugement to do • 
pe quene pozie al on god • an to heuene caste ire eye • 
And ne lokede ndping donward • & as hii alle yseie • 
Heo stap \\^e ]?is furi yre • euerich stape al clene '6950 
Nuste heo hire sulf hou • it was • ne bleincte no^t ene • 
per was ioye & bhsse ynou • & moni a wepinde eye • 
Verst uor fere »fe svLppe vor Ioye • po hii J^is iseye • 
pe bissopes ]^at hire ladde • vor ioye wepe al so • 
& herede god & sein swithin • ]>o ]ns miracle was ydo • 



6942. Hire] pe B. legges'] feet ;8. bare bine\>e \>e hie] were albare 
binej>e a ; were al bare by ne^e fi ; were al bare bynetben S. ecK] 
eche B ; hure i8. stape] schap /3 ; shape y ; schappe 5. 

6943. A wey] A lorde $; AS. vuele bicom it] yuele bicome hit o; hit 
euyl bycome 5. que7ie] a queyne C ; a quene S ; such a qwene )3. 
so bar uor] so bar of bodi a ; so bare on bodi /3 ; Barf ot for S. 

6944. i>isfuri/] suche /3. ssares] scharres C. leide] leiden a8. 
is] ham a ; hem ;85. al] alle a ; om, /3. areive] on rewe yS. 

6945. In] On $5. isuope] yswope C ; iswope a ; yswepe 5 ; clene 
swope B. 

6946. bissopes] Bischop 5. blessede] blescede o. ssares] scharres C. 

6947. in] on o^5. alf] side )8. 

6948. an] & BCoj85. caste] cast a. . 

6949. ve] om. 5. no\>ing] nou^t )8. no]>ing donward] donward 
nou)t o. hii alle yseie] J>ey hit sy^e S. 

6950. Heo .... yre] Opon )>c furi yre heo stap a ; Apon J^e fyre Iren 
sche stappc j8 ; Vpon i>c fuyrce Ire sche stepped S. Heo stap] he 
stop C. euerich stape] and euer stappe J^eron ^8. 

6951. Nuste heo] Heo nuste a ; Sche nust ;85. hou] wanne B ; whanne 
Co ; whan 35. fte] om. 8. bleincte] blenyte B ; blencte he C ; 
blenkte heo o; blenched sche 3 ; sche blenched 5. noyt ene] not 
ene C8 ; ne it no)t seen /3. 

6952. mnni a] maniac o o. wepinde] wepende C ; wepynge j8. 

6953. Verst .... Ioye] Vor fere furst & ioije )>o a; Fore fere first & 
for Ioye J>o 8. \)o] bat a)35. \>is iseye] )>us seyic 5. 

6954. wcpc] wept C ; wepcn a ; wepten /3. 

6955. hrredr] hcrcnden a ; heryed 5 ; hanked j8. god] om. 5. ydo] 
d(i y. 



ROBEKT OF GLOUCESTER. 503 

An ladde ire outward of ]>e chirche • ]>e quene bigan to [339] 

crie • 6956 

Vor ]7e loue of ihesii crist • ne do]? no^t ]>e vileinie • 
To do my penaunce wij^oute • ac in alle manere • 
As it me it iloked was • In holi chirche here • 
Ma dame qua]? J^is bissopes • ]?ou it ast ido iwys • 6960 
So helpe me god qua]? };e quene • Inuste no^t er }?is • 
No fur ine velede • ne ne sei in ]?is place • 
Bote nou ich it verst ise • ihered be godes grace • 
Lede]? me }?anne to mi sone • ]?at he mowe yse • Rex flens. 

Min fet aboue & ek bine]7e • wer hii ywemmed be • 
po hii brotte hire to ]?e king • ]?e king ligginge hii 
founde • 6966 

Wepinde & ope heued • to sprad al to j^e grounde • 



6956. A?)"] & Ca ; And ;85, outward of ]>e] outward of a ; oute of /3. 
bigaii] gan a^. to"] om. C. 

6957. ]>e hue] loue S. ne do\>] do ^e o5; do ^e me /3. 

6958. mij'] myne C. penaunce'] sckeringeo; swerynge j8. alle] 
suche aj8 ; suche a 5. 

6959. As it me] As me C. it iloked] yloked B ; iloked a; loked 8; 
byloked 5. was] war B. holi] holue a. 

6960. qua]>] seide a^. J)Js] >e BCa|85. \>ou it ast ido] ]>ou aste 
ydo B ; \>ovl hast ido C ; J>oii hast al idon a. ; >ou hast al do /8 ; Now >ou 
hast hit don 5. 

6961. qua)> \>e q^iene] hue seide a ; sche saide 3 ; sche seyde 5. Lmste] 
ich nuste hit a ; I nyst it S ; I wist it ;8. er] ar a ; or /35. 

6962. No fur] Ne fuyre 5. ine velede] y ne veiled C ; yne velde B ; 
ich ne felde a. ne ne sei] ne y ne sei C ; ne non ysei o ; Ne none 
sawe 5 ; ne no fyre I ne sawe /3. in] om. 5. ]pis] Jjysse B. 

6963. it verst ise] hit ise verst C ; furst hit iseo a ; hit see 8. ihered] 
yrede B ; yheried ; heryed 5. 

6964. he] heo a. yse] )>at see /8. 

6965. Min] Mine a ; My B-y. aho^ie 8f ck bine)>e] bynethe & aboue 7. 
ek] om. oj8. wer] were B ; wher C ; "whej^er a/85. ywemmed] 
ywemned a; wemmed j8. 

6966. >e king ligginge hii founde] he sewede ful sore /8 ; he sighed ful 
sore 7. ligginge] liggende C ; sighginde a. hii founde] hii 
wonde B ; hym fonde C. 

6967. Wepinde] Wepende C ; Wepingge a, Wepynge ;8. ope heued] 
open heued B; openheuede C ; openhefd a; openhede j8; opunhede 7; 
w' his hede S. to \>e] in J^e Ca ; on J^e /35. grounde] grounde 
l^ere ^ ; grounde thore 7. 



♦ 



veuie. 



[340] 



504 THE CHllONICLE OF 

fol. 103. Hit was longe ar he mi^te speke . vor deol ]?at he 

made • 
Atte laste he ros vp • as ]>e bissopes him bade • 
pcticio ^ vel to is moder vet • aduun anon akne • 6970 

Moder he sede ich abbe misdo • a^en god & ]>e • 
pat i nam nott wur]?i to be j?i sone • ac par seinte 

charite • 
Vor pite J^at of )'e Magdalein • god adde uor ^if it 

me • 
Sone qua]? ]>e moder Jjo • as al ]?is men isej? • 
God a]7 vaire issewed • l^at we gultelese hep • 6975 

Atte biginninge J^eruore • a^en pe bissop ich rede • 
Amend cment do p'at is • giiltles of |?e dede • 
& suppe ]?ou milt aten me • vor ich mot nede be 

milde • 
As kunde of moder wole • & blod a^en my childe • 
po pe bissop was icome • wepinde wel sore • 6980 

pe king vel doun to is vet • & criede him milce & 

ore • 



6968. deol'] J>e doil j8 ; the doel y. 

6969. Atte'} Atte )>e C ; At he ay. laste] om. C. bissopes] bischop C. 

6970. vet] vot C. akne] a kneo a ; on knee ;3. 

6971. misdo] mys ydo B. ayen] a^e C ; a^enst a. >e] ajen >e B. 

6972. pat] om. a/35. / 7h'ini] Ich nam a ; I am ;85. wur]>i to] 
wur)5e to B ; woiir^e to C ; worj^e a ; worhi /8 ; "worthi to y. ac par] 
ac per B ; ac for S ; but for y. 

6973. pite .... adde] >e pite j^at god hadde of )>e magdeleyne C. 
pite iiat of \>e] ]>e pyte ^at of J^e B ; ]>e pite of a;35. Magdalem] 
Maudeleine o; Magdaleyne j85. god] hat god aj35. uor xif] 
for^cue 5. 

6974. >e] hys B; his /3. al] alle a. 

6975. issewed] schewed now $. gultelese] gultles a. 

6976. biginninge] biginnige A ; bygunnynge B. ajew] aje o. 

6977. do] do him a5 ; to him j9. 

6978. \>ou miyt ayen me] a^en me Jjou jhyyt B. w^ra] a)e Ca ; aske |3. 
mot] most 8. 

6979. of moder wole] wole of moder a ; wil of moder 5. ayen »»/] of 
a^e mj'ne C ; a^c mine a. 

6980. irmne] come y. wepinde] wepynge /3. wel] ryit j8. 

6981. it/] gan falle a&B. doini] adon C; om. aflS. vet] fote/3. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 505 

pe bissop wepinde al so • uortef it him anon • Absolucio. 

So ]?at |?oru ]>e kinges bone • ]7e bissopes ecli on • 

Ech after o]7er asoilede • ]>e king of ]7is trespas • 

Mid terden in is naked rug • and J'at gret pite was • 

pre strokes 'pe moder ek • wepinde wel sore • 6986 

^ef him him to asoily • <& ne miite uor reuj?e 

more • 
po custe pe king is moder • & J7e bissop suj^j^e al so • 
& herede lerne seint swithin • |?at such miracle adde 

ido • 
pe king po mid gode herte • deliuery het anon • 6990 
Bo|;e quene & bissop • hor maners echon • 
Nine tounes pe quene anon • of j?at ire owene was • <^^cio 
^ef |;e house of sein swithin • vor ph holi cas • j.^^^ 



6982. pe] & \>e ay3S. wepmde'] wepynge CyS ; wep a; wepte S. 
al so'] Tyyt sore ;8. uorgef] ver ^af B ; & for ^af a ; for^aue ; 
aud for^afe 5. 2<] om. a;85. 

6983. So t>a<] & o^5. bone'] bone )>o a5 ; bone J^au /3. ech 07i] 
euerichone S. 

6984. J^ch after o])er] Bi rewe a; By rewe j8 ; A rowe 5. asoilede \>e 
king] |>e kynge assoiled S. asoilede] asoileden a. ))e] J^en B. 
of]}is] of his gret a/8; of J>e lu)>ere 5. 

6985. Mid] And 5. jcrrfe?*] ^urden C ; ^erdes /85. in] on a$S. 
riig] rugh a; rugge y; rygge C. and i>at gret pite] }>at gret pite 
hit a(35. 

6986. pre] The 5. W moder ek] also )>e modir ^aue /8. wepinde] 
wepynge C)3. wel] ry^t 0. 

6987. Zef .... asoily] For to asoile hure dere sone /8. him him] 
hym BC ; him a5. asoily] asoili him a. Sf ne . . . . more] for 
rew^e sche my^t no more /8 ; and for routhe myght nomore 5. jnore] 
na more C. 

6988. su\>i>e] om. $. 

6989. herede] hereden a ; heriedS; thanked /3. yerne sei7it] god & 
seint o ; god & seynt /3. such] \>e a/3 ; )>is 5. 

6990. ^0 mid gode herte] mid gode hurte \>o a; with good herte ^an yS. 
deliuery het] deliuerede eke a ; delyuered eke 5 ; delyuerde )3. 

6991. quene] )>e qwene $. bissop] ]i>e Bischop 5; the Bisshop y_ 
fchon] euerichon a • euerechone /S ; euerjchone 5. 

6992. Nine] Ni^e a. quene anon] quene ^aue /8. \>at ire owene] \>a.t 
hure owe C ; hure owe feo )>at o ; hir own fee Jsat S ; hure owen j>at )3. 

6993. yef] To /3. swithin] Swythyns 13. y,is] hat a/35. holi] 
holi^e a. 



506 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& \>e bissop oj^er nine • of is eritage ywis • 
Vor l^e nine fury ssares • i^iue was al )?is • 6995 

pe king confermede hor ^iftes • & him sulf ^ef al so • 
Tueie gocle maners • sein swithin J^er to • 
C^-*^] pat vvolde be tuenty vnder al • and ]7at nas no^t lute 
J'ere • 
Vor it wolde finde horn lee & worten • inowe bi ]>e ^ere • 
Vor gode ]?e nexte king Edward • ]7at after him su|?]?e 
com . 7000 

Ne tef horn no^t foUiche so muche • wi]?inne is kine- 

dom • 
pe abbey of sein denis • seint edward ^ef al so • 
pe priorie of derheste • & londes J?at j^er be]? to • 
fuga archi- pe erchebissop of kanterbury • sori ynou was ]?o • 
episcopi. p^ YiQ hurde of ]>q quene • al hou it was igo ■ 7005 
Him ]>oiie wel longe • ar he were ouer se • 
& bileuede al is bissopriche • & ne com neuer eft ate • 
fol. 103 b. pe quene & eke ]>e bissop • ]?e wule hii aHue wer • 
Muche honourede sein swithin • fram ^ere to ^er • 

6994. is"] his own 5, 

6995. i>e'] om. y. fitri/'] fyre Iren /3. iyiue'] y^eue B ; i^eue C ; J>er 
jiue o. 

6996. hor'] \>e aS. yiftes'] maners B. him sulf yef] ^af him self S. 

6997. ffode] god gode B. set?!'] to seynt /3. swithin'] Swithyns y. 

6998. tcolde be] was S. and] om. a$5. 7Hts] was /85. lute] litel y. 

6999. wolde finde horn] ham wolde finde a. lee S( ivorten] lekwortenB;, 
like worten C ; lekwort 5 ; wnrten a ; worfes ^. 

7000. Vor gode] Bi god ayS ; By god 5. king Edward] edward king a ; 
Edwarde kynge 0. S7i]>\>e] om. BCa/3 ; J^o 5. 

7001. Ne] om. 5. 

7002. t'e] To >e a/3 ; Fore to ]>e 5. }ef d so] ^af ho 5, 

7003. priorie] priowr j8 ; prioure y. derheste] derhest C ; durhurstc a ; 
Durherst /8 ; Derhurst S. londes] lond 8 ; londcJ> A. \>er be\>] 
her bejj B ; bu)> J>er a ; ben J)er /3 ; is J'cr S. to] J?erto B. 

7004. .sori ynou] wel sori o ; wel sorj' 5 ; ry^t sorj' /3. 

7005. "po] When S. al] om. a;85. igo] ago a/85. 

7006. weC] swij^e a ; ryjt /8 ; wondir 5. se] ))e see ;35. 

7007. bileuede al is bissopriche] al his Bysehopryche bilefte /9. bileuede 
al] bilefde al a ; al bi lenede C. ve com neuer eft] ne come neuere 
eft B ; come neuer /3 ; neuere come y ; neuere eft come S. 

7008. e*«] also /3. wer] were Ba. 

7009. fram] fro y. yr] ^ere Bo. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 507 

po wende heo out of ]?isse liue • emme \>e gode quene • obitus 

In ]>e a]70usend ter of grace • & tuo & fifti ich wene • ^°"^®* 

Seint edward held at windelsore • a iiair feste wij? alle • 

An as •^ong mon biuore him • seruede in }>e halle • lapsus 

He spornde wij? is o vot • ]7at he vel almest abrod • pedis. 

Ac he hente mid is oj^er vot • so ]7at he abod • 7015 

pe eii godwine ]?e false mon • sede ]>o |^at J^e on bro)?er • 

As te se)7 in nede • helpe]? J^ere ]?at o^er • 

po ansuerede j^e king • & sede so miite me • 

Mi broJ?er helpe godwine • tif he moste uor ]>e • 

po was l^is lu]7er godwine • of ssamed sui]?e sore • 7020 [342] 

Sire he sede ^ut me Ymcp • ];at in ortroii |70u art more • 

To me of ]>i hrdper de]> • & leuest horn ich ise • 

pat in falsnesse ]>e tolde • j^at ich ssolde j^i traytour be • 

As wis deme god J?at so]?e • }7at of ech J^ing wot ende • buccella. 

& al so late J^is mossel bred • ]7oru mi Jjrote wende • 



7010. po wende heo'] Hys moder wende B ; his moder wende Co; His 
modir wente ;3 ; His moder wente 5. Jp/sse] )>ys B ; J^is a ; om. )8. 

7011. a] oo 7; om. 5. tuo &f fifW] to an fifti C. 

7012. held'} hulde C ; om. a)35. ivindelsore'] windelesore a ; Wyndely- 
sore iS; Wyndesore y, Wyndsore S. a] o a ; oo y. ivi)>'] held 
\r' a ; helde with j8. 

7013. as] as a B;3 ; as o a. hiuore] biforen a. 

7014. spornde] spumde Ba ; spomed 7. o] on B ; om. 7. vel] 
ful C. almest] almost B. 

7015. hente] hente hym C; hende a; went 7S. vot] om. B. 

7016. sede \>o] seide so a • seyd so 5 ; so he seide yS. ))at \>e on] }jat 
on C ; })at o a5 ; 00 fi. 

7017. 171] at 5. helpe]? J^ere] helpe> ofte aS ; ofte helpeh 13. 

7018. ansuerede] ansuererede A ; answere C. i>e] om. 5. kitig] 
king edward a ; kynge Edwarde ; kynge Edward 5. 

7019. helpe] haiie holpe 0. yifhe moste] & he hadde myit j8. 

7020. ?ms] om. 167. 0/ ssa»ie(/] aschamed Ca5. of ssamed siu\>e 
sore] ful sore aschamed was >ere /8 ; ful sore ashamed was thore 7. 

7021. \>inc)>] t)enkel3 C ; Hng> a ; thenketh 7. ortrou] ortroweC; 
ortrewe « ; vntrewj'e /3 ; ouertrowynge 5. 

7022. bro)>er] brojjeres /8 ; brothers 7. leuest] )>ou leuest a/S. ise^ 
seo a ; see fi. 

7023. \>at ich . . . traytour] \>i traitor ich scholde a. ; ^i traitourl schulde^. 

7024. \>at sojje] )>e sojje j85. ech] eche a. 

7025. late] lete a. »;osse/] morsell 7 ; morssel 5. 



508 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Wi]7oute harm as inadde neiiere in no cas • 7026 

Gult of ]n bro]?er dep • ne ]n traitour neuere inas • 

pe mossel he dude in to is mou}' • ac ]>e king it blessed 

er • 
Hit bileuede amidde is )?rote • astrangled he was riit 

j^er • 
& deide atte borde al stif • wi]? ssendnesse ynou • 7030 
Out al bine]?e ]>e borde • harald is sone him drou • 
A ];ousend in ]>e lev of grace • &; ]>re & fifti ]?is was • 
Lute harm J'ei ech traitor • endede in ]?is cas • 
Of al is kunne in engelond • seint edward nad no^t on • 
Vor is brej^'eren were aslawe • oj^er iflemd ech on • 7035 
peruore |;o Jjis holimon • as in to elde wende • 

Missio post m t, i? £-j. • r. ^ 

nepotem. -^0 pe emperour oi rome • aiter is neueu ne sende • 
Edward edmondes sone • j^at was yrenside • 
pat is eir were after him • tif he mitte aliue abide • 
pis emperour him sende • mid gode loue & fre • 7040 
Edward and agace is wif . and hor children jjre • 



7026. Wi\>oute'] With o-wten ^ ; Wythouten y. hm-ni] harm of me BC. 
inadde neuere] ich nadde neuere a ; I ne hadde neuer ^ ; I neuer 
hadde S. wo] non B. 

7027. bro]>er] broj'eres C ; brothers y. \>i traitour neuere inas] neuer 
J>i traitour was /3. neuere] om. a5. 

7028. pe] om. B. mossel] morsel y ; morssel 5. dude] pntte 5. 
in to] to aS ; in j8. blessed] blessede a. 

7029. amidde] amyddes y. astrangled] & astrangled a/8 ; -& 
stranglede S. f^^yt] om. aj35. 

7030. atte] ate a. stif] stille C. ssendnesse] schendschepe S ; 
myscbaunce ^. 

7032. A )>ousend in \>e ^er] A t>ousend ^er in \>e ^er B ; In ]>e a j^ousend 
jer a ; In jje oo I»ousande ^eer /8 ; In })e t>ousand jere S. J>/s] hit C. 

7033. Lute] Non aS ; None /3. endede] eude /3. in] on a/8. \>is 
such B ; t>is same |8. 

7034. nad] nadde Ba ; hadde /3 ; had S. 

703.5. were] weren a. aslawe] slayne y, o)>er] or 5. ijlemd] 

yfleynd B ; flemed /3. 

7036. J)o] om. j3. as] J)us ^ ; om. S. 

7037. he] om. /8. 

7040. ]pis] The ;3. 

7041. hor] his /3. children] childrene a. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 509 

pe longe edward adeling • and al so margarete • 

And cristine hire soster • j^at gode were & suete • 

po hii come to engelond • glad was ]?e king |?o • 7044 

Vor he nadde in is fader half • kunnesmen nammo • 

pis was in a]?ousend ler • &l seuene & fifti J>er to • 

As in ]>e ^er of grace • j^at )'is dede was ydo • Obitus 

Ac edward deide sone • & ibured was wi]? grete prute • ^^j ^^^ 

At sein ponies at londone • as is bones hep lute • 

And is sone edward • bote ^ong and tendre nas • 7050 

per uore pe king nor is de\> • }>e soriore was • 

Vor ])et child was wel ^ong • eir & king to be 

& he wuste wel }>at in ]>e lond • muche wo me ssolde 

ise • 
And vor is vncle in normandie • him adde susteined er • 
po he was fleme & frendles • mo j^an |)ritty ter • 7055 
He wolde )?at is sone sone • after him king were • 
Willam due of normandie • liit lawe j^ei it nere • 



7042. edward^ edgare a ; Edgar y. adelmg] atheling a ; Athelynge 0. 

7043. cristine] Crystyn C ; Cristiane 7. hire'] hure Ca. \>at . . . 
suete] omitted in a ; Jjise J^re if ^e wol wite P. 

7044. po hii] Vor hi a ; When >ei were j3 ; Whan >ey S. 

7045. nadde] hadde 0. in] on aySe. kiamcsmeii] kynnesmen C. 
nammo] nanmo B ; no mo 7. 

7046. in a] in >e C ; in )>e a a ; in Jjc 00 ^8 ; on \>q S, Sf] om. afi. 8f 
fifti] an fyfty C. 

7047. \>e] om. B. 

7048. Ac] And /8. deide sone] soone deide j^er aftir ;8. ibured was] 
buried he was /3. yrete prute] honour grete /3 ; rialtee 5. 

7049. as] |>er as 5. 6eJ> yute] ben )ete ^8 ; yitte be 5. 

7050. And] Ac a; But j8. sone] om. 5. edward] edgar oj8. bote] 
ryjt /8. -^ojig and tendre] tendre & jong a. nas] of age was fi. 

7051. \>e soriore was] was j^e sorier for >>at cas ;8. soriore] sorrore B. 
was] \>o was a. 

7 052. )>et] J>at B ; ]>e 5. wel] )>o ful 5. 

7053. ivuste] wiste ay. 

7054. susteined] isusteyned C ; yusteyned B. 

7055. Jleme] fleyne B ; flemd a ; flemed /8S. mo] more /8. \>an] 
J>ane a. \yritti/] {^rutty B ; J^retty C. 

7056. so7ie sone] sone /3. 

7057. dtic] )?e Dulie $. riyt .... nere] i>ej hit ryght lawe nere 5. 



510 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor he was in is moder alf • next of is Mod • 
And per nas non in is fader alf • ]^at ]?er to was so 
god • 
tradicio peruore ]?is willam bastard • engelond he bi het • 7060 
bastard* -^^ bique|? in is de]? vuel • ar he J'at lif let • 
[344] And |?at muche nor J>e londes prou • uor is neueu so 
zong was • 
Hon willam bastard was bi^ite • icholle telle j^at 
cas • 
generacio Richard duc of normandie • emme bro]7er ]?e quene • 
.w. bastard, ^jjg an sone ];at het roberd • J?at duc was su]>)7e ich 
wene • 7065 

Roberd ]7is noble duc • as he wende ouerlond • 
A wel vair maide as him ]70^te • In a tresche he 

vond • 
pis maide him paide suij^e wel • mid god herte he ire 

nom • p. 

And huld ire as is lefmon • as wo sei]? in hordom • 
& bitet on hire j^is willam • & uor he was so ibore • 
Out of spoushod me clupede him • william bastard 
]?eruore • 7071 



7058, 7059. Transposed in y. 

7058. m] on a^8. is] J^e C. next'] )>e nexte Ca^ ; ]>e next S. 

7059. lias'] -was fiS. in] on aS. )i>at .... god] the nexte of his 
blode that therto were so good y. was] were Ca;85. 

7060. bi het] bygete 5. 

7061. And .... vuel] Ashe hit him by qua]?e 5. bique\)] biqua|> 
bit a ; he be qwaj^e it /3. delp vuel] luel y3. ar he i>at] ar he 
his a ; or h e his /3 ; ore l^at he his 5. let] for let a ; forlete 5. 

7062. so] om. fi. 

7063. biyite] bijute a ; ^ete Q. icholle telle] ich wole telle eu«; 
I wol ^ow telle ; I wU telle jow 5. )?a<] Jpe o. 

7064. emme] Emme is S. 

7065. a?^] a Ba. 

7067. A] O a. wel] om. afiS. a tresche] an tresche C ; one 
treche a ; a strete /8 ; auntres 5. 

7068. sui\)e] ry^t $. c/od] gode a. herte] wille BCo'y ; Avil 5. 

7069. as is] to 5. lefmon'] lefman a; lemman Cj8; paramoure 8. 

7070. ti^e<] bijat o ; bijate )3. ibore] bore y. 

7071. clupede] callid y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 511 

Ar J)at child were ibore • a wel wonder cas • [345] 

pe moder matte bi hore cMlde • ]>at in ire wombe M^ris™^ 

was • 
pat is gottes were to drawe • aboute al normandie • 
And eke aboute al engelond • &5 ]>at was to signefye • 
pat he ssolde be due of normandie • and king of enge- 

londe . 7076 

And bo]?e as it su]?J>e vel • holde in is honde • 
pat child ek ]>o it was ibore • & to grounde com • 
Out of is moder wombe uerst • is honden bo]'e it 

nom • 
Vol of ]?e poudre of ]>e erjje • sturneliche ynou • 7080 
An closed is to gadere • & is vestes bo}>e adi'ou • 
po was it ilugged ]7at he ssolde • be wij^oute fayle • 
Hardi kniit & stalwarde • & muche do of bataile • 
Al it com to so|?e su]7]?e • he bigan ^ong ynou • 
To kujje wat he wolde be • J^at so tonge is fustes - 

adrou • 7085 



7072. Ar"] Hera; Or 7. >a<] J)is /3. were ibore'] was born /3. a 
wel'] vel a wel C ; o wel a. wel loonder] ryjt wonderful fi. 

7073. matte] A (text) ; mette A (margin) BCySS. hore] hyre B ; >is Ca/3 ; 
J>ys 5. in] on 5. was] hit was 5. 

7074. is gottes] his guttes /3. 

7075. eke] also )3 ; om. 5. al] om. C/8. §•] om. B. signefye] 
syngnefye C. 

7077. as it ... . holde] sij^en it so felle J>at he helde y3. vel] ful C. 
holde] helde C. in] al on a^. 

7078. paf] pe B. ek] also fi ; om. S. it was ibore] he was borne y. 
to] to >e ;8. 

7079. is honden bo]>e] bo>e hys honden B ; his hondes bo]>e yS. it] he 
BC/8S ; om. o. 

7080. )>e poudre] pouder C. of ]je er\>e] & of J^e erj^e B ; of J^en 
erjje a. 

7081. closed is] closedes B ; closede ham a; closed hem ^5. to gadere] 
to gedris S. vestes] fustes Baj8. adrou] he drou^ /3. 

7082. was it] hit was 5. ilugged] yiuged C ; lugged By. 

7083. hurt] kyng B. stalwarde] stalworthe y. do] schul do 5. 

7084. it] om. afiS. com] bycom B ; bicom C. 

7085. ku]>e] kuythe 5. adrou] drou a ; drou) 5 ; drough y. 



512 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[346] pis child. wax so wel & ]^eu • as iseie fremde & sibbe • 
pat he wokle be a noble mon • ^if he moste libbe • 

fol. 104 b. His fader adde of him ek • gret ioye & pris • 

pat so god signe adde so ^ong • to be stalwarde & wis • 

cruce sig- Ar he were seue ter old • J>oru out moni a lond • 7090 

nacio. pg pope sende croiserie • in to ]?e holi lond • 

Roberd due of normandie • ]?e crois nom atten ende • 
And iarkede him wi]? o]?ere • to ]?e holy' lond to wende • 

luracio .w. At fescamp ar he wende uor]; • he made al normandie • 
Suerie helde is zonge sone • as to seignorie • 7095 

■^ong due he was on • of seue zer vnne]?e • 
Vor ]}e fader ne com neuere aien • ar he was ido to 

de)?e • 
And ]?is tonge child bileuede due • & gret J'ing adde an 

honde • 
pis was ar seint edward were • king of engelond • 

7086. pis'\ pat Ba5 ; The 0. iva.v'] wex C7 ; wexte S. so wel Sf'} 
& so wel aS ; & wel C/8. Jjcm] YJjcu B ; wey C ; j'Jjey a ; >rofe fiS ; 
throofe 7. iseie'] seyde B ; hi seide Ca ; J)ei seide /3 ; J>ey sey) 5. 

fremde'] frede a ; frende ;85. 

7087. a] o a. moste] my^t /3. 

7088. adde] B ; om. A ; hadde Cay8 ; had S. ek] also j8. Sf pris] 
& eke pris 5. 

7089. so] hit a^. so god signe adde] he had so good sigiie 8. siyne] 
syngne C. stalwarde] stalworthe 7. 

7090. were] was j8. seue] of seue BCa ; of seuen )3; ofseuene S. 
\>oru out] Jjorw /8. moni a] mani^e o a ; manye a /8. 

7091. croiserie] creysery B. into] toward BCa ; towarde /85. 

7092. due] l^e Duke ^. >e crois] Jjat croiz a; J^at croos j3 ; >e crone 5. 
atten] at l^an a ; at the 7. 

7093. lond] londe B. 

7094. At fescamp] At festamp B ; Atfeskama; And furst (8. ar] er 
o ; or (3. wende] went /8. 

709.'). Suerie helde] Suerye holde B ; Suerye to holde C ; Swere to holde 
jS ; Swere to 5. 

7096. yony] Wel jong a ; Ryjt jonge /8 ; A jouge S. he was] was 
he o^. o?t] one |3. seue yer] seuen ^eer of age /3. 

7097. Vor .... com] Ne com )>e fader o; Ne come his fadir )3. ne] 
om. CS. ar Ac was tdo] ar he were bro^t B ; ac he was ido C ; ac 
was ido o ; but was do (3. 

7098. And] om. a/8. an honde] on honde a. 

7099. ar] er a. engelond] engelonde a. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 51 3 

& seint edward bileuede uoij? mid him • as he adde er 
ido. 7100 

Mid Ls fader in is nede • and mid is grantsire al so • 
peruore );o he was king . gret loue he gan bede . 
pis willam uor hii susteinede him • so in is nede • 
So ]jat su];))e in is elde • ]?o is lif was nei ido • 
As in ]>e jev of is kinedom • tuenty & tuo • 7105 

Of ]?e croune • of engelond • he nuste wat best do • 
Vor edgares neueu is sone • wel ^ong was j^er to • 
To be king of engelond • & is owe lif ssort was • 
& he dradde of gret contek • alonde uor J^at cas • 
Him ]?o;te to ^iue willam j^at lond . it was best ido • 
Vor he was wurj^e & of o blod • & best it coii})e wite 
also. 7111 

peruore he ^af it him . as he bihet him biuore • cacio 

& sende to him mid ]?e ^ifte • to normandie ]7eruore . a°glie .w. 
pe erl harald ];e quene broj^er • as me wende ife o]>er mo . [347] 
Ac soj? it is ];at |?e eii harald . passede ])q se }'o • 



7100. ^] om. afiS. bileuede'] iefde a; lyued ;8 ; left 5. ido] do y. 

7101. Mid] And S. {71] on a0. and] om. 5. 

7103. pis] om. afid. /lii] he aj35. so in is] on his grete o5; in his 
gret ;3. 

7104. in is] on his a. nei ido] uere do ^. 

7105. tuenty] tuenti )er C; twenti jer a; twenti )eer /3. 

7106. nuste ivat] ne wist what were /8 ; ne wist what was 7 do^ 
to do Ci85. ■' 

7107. edgares neueu is] edgar hys neueu B ; edgar his neueus Ca; Edgar 
his neuewes /8; Edgar his neueu 5. wel] ry^t (8; ful 5. 

7108. ssort] sso)t B. 

7109. of gret] vor gret C ; of 7. alonde] in londe fi; in >e londe 5. 

7110. Him] He a^. to yiue] )iue o ; ^eue /3; if S. ],at] \>js B5; 
)>is a^. it was] so was hit j8, ido] to do BCa/85. 

7111. wur)>e .... blod] of J>e londys blode 5. unir])e] worH /8. 
o] hys B ; his Co^. best .... wete] it couthe best kepe 7. it 
cou]>e wite] couJj hit witye C ; couj^e hit wite a ; cou>e hit kepe ; 
coujje it kepe 5. 

7112. pen<ore] & >erf ore a5. as] and 7. him] om. afiS. biuore] 
avore C ; to fore . 

7113. sende to] to ajSS. to] sente to 0. 

7114. J^e] om. a^SS. quenc] qwenes /8. 

7115. ?s] was /85. )>«< he] j-e al3 ; \>at 5. 

K K 



514 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Capcio Wi); gret poer & folc inou • so ]>at as god it wolde • 
^^ ■ Wi]? winde he was in strange londe • idriue ]>eY he 

nolde • 
pere hii were as strange men • gi'imliche vnder- 

uonge • 
& inome to abbe of hore • & ibro^t in bendes 

stronge • 
Sire gwy of pountin was is name • ]?at horn bro^te in 

bende • 7120 

& askede hom gTet raunson • of prison vor to wende • 
Harald was of heye herte • & suor ra|?er he wolde • 
^iue J>e due of normandie • of tresour & of golde • 
pat al so noble due was & god • f'an a such half mon 

as he was • 
To ]>e due he sende sone • to helpe him in J?at cas • 
pe due sende to sire gwy • so j^at sire gui anon • 7126 
Ladde harald to ]^e due • & is felawes ech on • 
fol. 105. pe due vaire him vnderueng • & onoured him ynou • 
So J?at as ri^t was • gret loue bituene hom drou • 



7116. poei''] prute o; pride j8 ; pruyd 5. J^a^] om. a0. it'] om. a;85. 

7117. winde'] a wynde S. strange] stronge C^ ; a sti'ange S. Jser] 
J^er as Ca;85 ; there y. 

7118. strange] stronge C. grimliche] gremlyche C. 

7119. inome] ytake )35. ahhe of hore] albe of here B ; haue here goode 
)8 ; J>at J^ey hadde S, ihro'^t] brought y. in hendes] in to bondys 5^ 
in bondes /3. 

7120. pountin] pounti C ; pontif a; Pontyf )3. hom] hym B. hro-^te] 
adde B ; hadde Ca/3 ; had 5. bende] his bende C. 

7121. gret raunson'] raunson gret j3. of] in B. 

7122. heye] gret y. rai>er he] >at raj^er he a; J^at he ra>er P. 

7123. tresour] hys tresor B. golde] hys golde B; his golde Ca ; his 
good 5. 

7124. al so] so BC ; om. afiS. god] so goud C. i>an] BCa;35 ; >at A7. 
a such] a swichC; swicha; suche fiS. half] alue B ; om. a;8. 
he] J)at S, 

7125. saide sotie] sent anoue y. in \>at] of J^at a ; of J>is )8. 

7127. Ladde] & adde B. ech 07i] euerychone S. 

7128. vaire him"] hym vair C; himfaire ojSS. vnderueng] vnderuong B 
\Tideifcnge a. onoured] onourede a. 

7129. as] om. C. gret] om. S. hom] hym B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 515 

Harald uor to paye him wel • sede him sone is sonde • 
Hou ])e king him made after him • is eir of engelonde • 
& ])at he wolde take him to wite • |?at lond he vndcr [348] 

stod . 
To is bihef J?e & |>at he woldo • wardein be him god • 
As strong uorewarde as hii miite • hii made & as pactum 

hard. 7134 ES* 

& vpe holi relikes harald suor ■ to willam bastard • 
Treuliche to wite engelond • to him vorte he come • 
& ]?at he is one dotter • to wine al so nome • 
pat tong was at ]?ulke time • so )?at J^is J>inges tuo • 
Mid as gret o]) he suor hom • as mon miite do • 
po J'is vorewarde was ymad • hard & strong ynou • 7140 h- vadat 
Harakl toward engelond • wi}> gode loue drou • ^°° ^' 

pe king he tolde al |7at cas • ]^at bituene hom was ydo • 
Hon he wolde willam trewe be • & is dotter spousi al 

so • 



7130. iior tol fort a. paye^ apay^e a; apaie 0. him'] \>e Duke /3. 
sede him so7ie'] sende hym sone B ; sone him seide a ; soone him seide 
P ; soone him sende y. 

7131. Hou'] om. a^5. him made] made willam a; made l^an William 
;8 ; made him 5. is] om. a0. eir] eier j8. e?igelo7ide] hys londe B. 

7132. ]>at] om. a/35. him] om. 7. wite] kepe ;35. );>at] hys B. 
he vnder stod] to vnderstoode |8. 

7133. bihef\>e] bief}>e B ; bihelfC; bihoue/S; byhofe 5. wardein be 
him] be wardeyn to hym C ; wardein him beo a ; warden to him hi /3 ; 
warden to him be 7 ; be his wardeyne 5. 

7134. §• as] & also o;85. 

7135. 8f vpe] Opon a; Apon fi; Vpon 5. holi] hoh^e a. bastard] 
due bastard o ; Duke Bastarde ^. 

7136. wite] witije a ; kepe /85. vorte] vort a; vn to /8. he] he 
bider /8. 

7137. is one] his owe Ca; his owen )8. 

7138. at] om. o)35. \>ulke] J>ilke )3 ; l^at 5. \>is] \>qs C ; om. 5. 

7139. he] om. ;85. hom] hym B ; hym self C; him ci5 ; to him j8. 
mon] any man S. 

7140. vorewarde] manere ^. ymad] made 7. 

7141. drou] \>o drou a ; J>o drouj 5 ; Jian drouj fi. 
7142-5. Omitted in 7.. 

7143. willam] to willam B; to William )35. is doyter spousi] wed is 

doujter 5. 

K K 2 



516 THE CHRONICLE OF 

po was ]ye king glad ynou • |;at he wel to him truste • 

& bitok him |?at lond ]?at he wel • to J>is willam it 

wuste • 7145 

presciencia Seint edward wnste of is de]> • ar he henne wende • 

luor ij>. y , ggjj-^^ Jqjj v^q ewangelist biuore • longe him word 

annulus. r o o 

sende • 
& sende him tokne bi a ring • ]^at at westmunstre tut 

is • 
pat seint edward jjer biuore • sein Ion lef ywis • 
pe king ]70 J>et word him com • & ]>en ring isey '7150 
He J^onkede god J^at he wuste • l^at is de]? was so ne}'" • 
His god he delde pouere men • & made is bernes 

bare • 
& is tresorie al so god • & made him to god al iare • 
Glad he was of westmunstre • ]?at he let him sulf rere • 
pat biuore him was to grounde ibrott • ]?oru lu|?er 

kinges |?at ]7er were • 7155 



7144. ivell wol C. truste'] tryste C; triste a; trist ;35. 

7145. bitokl he bi fok C ; tok a; toke j85. wel] wolde /3. ]>is] 
om. a)8S. it] ]>o hit o ; when he it /3. ivnste] wiste Ca ; wyst 5 ; 
wist p. 

7146. wuste] wyste C; wiste >o a ; wist J>an P. henne] hanne C ; 
heunes y. 

7147. Vor] om. a)85, J>e] om. BC. him] om. B. 

7148. Sf sende )pim tokne] In gode tokne a ; In good tokenynge jS. 
tohne] a token S. a] o afi. at] )ut at a0 ; ^it at 5. west- 
mnnstre] Westmestre /3 ; Westmonaster y. -^ut] om. o^5. 

7 1 50. ^et word him] l>at him worde P. )>en] })ane a ; )>at 5. J>e7i 
ring] \>e. kynge hit fi. isey] hym sei C ; sey y. 

7151. He] Thanne he /8. );>onkede] ponged C ; Ranked /3. >a< he] he 
0. Wt] om. o5. 

7152. His .... pouere] He delede his good to pore j3. bare] al 
bare ;8. 

7153. tresorie] tresour )3. god] om. a;3S. made him to god al] 
to god hym made al B ; to god made hym al C ; to god him made ay ; 
to god made him /3 ; to god he made him 5. 

7154. of ircstmunstre] at Westmoiiastre 7. let him sulf rere] let vp 
arere Co ; lete vp rere /3 ; lete vp arere 5. 

7155. biuore] to fore fi. him] om. ay85. iL-as to grounde ibroyt] 
was ybrojt to grounde B ; to grounde was brought 7. lu)>er] 
Inhere a. \>er] om. BCa;35. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 517 

Ac vor ]?e chirclie vn halewed was • )7eruorc him was [349] 

wo . 
He |?o^t lete it halwy • to Midewinter anon ])o • 
pei seinte peter him sulf • ihalwed him adde er • 
^iit he moste ef sone • vor ]>e nywe worke j?er • 
He sende after is barony • at midewinter mid him to 

be . 7160 

po ]7e feste igadered was • deol me miite ise • festum. 

Vor ])o it ssolde Murgost be • ]>q king vuelede anon • 
& na]?eles glad he was him sulf • vor he wuste wilder 

gon . 
& nor ioye of is de]?e • & nor J^e heye feste al so • 
pe trauail he nom to him al • J^at him wolde valle to 

do . 7165 

He ber ]?e croiine & hiild ]>e dels • mid oj^er atil al 

so • 
&5 mid gret semblant ]>q feste hiild • vorte ]>ve dawes 

were ydo • 



7156. him'] he /3. 

7157. l>oyt'\ )30)te B ; J>oute a. lete it halwy'] lete hys halwy B ; lete his 
halewi C ; hure halewi a ; hure to halwe )3 ; hit to halwc 5. to] at 3 ; 
atte 7. anon^ om. aj85. 

7158. ihalwed him adde] hadde hure ihaleweda; hadde hure halwed ;3 • 
had hir halowed 5. Mm] om. B. er] ere )35. 

7159. Ae] heo a; sche 5. cfsone] eft soue Ca5; eftsoonc fi. 

7160. barony] baroui^e a. mid him to be] myd hym be C ; to w' him 
beo a. 

7161. igadered] gadered7. ise] se y. 

7162. Vor Jjo] That wheune 7. Murgost] murgust C; merge&t 5 ; 
meriest y3. vuelede] eueled ^ ; euylled 5. 

7163. §-] Ac a5 ; But fi. 7ia)>eles glad he was] glad he was uajjclcs /8. 
him sulf ] om. )85. wuder] om.B; whoder C ; wheoder a ; whe)>er/8. 
gon] to gone 5 ; he schulde gone 0. 

7164. ]pe] om. 5. 

7165. nom] toke 7. \>at him] J^at hem B ; j'at honi C. valle] 
vane B. 

7166. her \>e] bar j^e a • wolde here P. liuld] held o ; holde /S. dds'i 
deys a; daies /8 ; dayes 7. atil] atir a; atire 3; atyre 5 

7167. gret] om. /3. • \>e'] his Qa^a. l.iild] held a. vortr] vo't a ; 
vn to B, daivcs] dayt'S 7 



518 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



fol. 105 b. A sein lones day he sey • j^at al com to god endinge • 
confir- jje made a confermement • to westmunstre of ech 
libertatis. l^mge • 7169 

pat l^oru him hom i^iue was • o]?er j^oru eni o]?er kinge • 
So ])Sbt no king after him • ne dude no destourbinge • 
Dedicacio. pe chirche he let halwy • as a childermasse day • 

Wei feble he was ]>eve him sulf • as al J?at folc isay • 
In a ]?ousend ^er of grace • & six & sixti ]>ev to • 
Hit was ]>&t ]?is holimon . }?is dede let do • 7175 

[350] po it was al wel ido • & ibro^t to god ende • 

pe king feble & sik ynou • to is bed gan wende • 
langor. po was j^er deol & sorwe ynou • of men j^at wuste pat 
cas • 
Vor hii wuste J?at to engelond • muche avo to come was • 
Worre & slatt & o}^er wo • & honger & gret wou • 
pe quene vel bi him adoun • & biclupte him vaste ynou • 
Vor to hete is cokle limes • J^at non hete ne com to • 
poru hete of ire owe bodi • & of ire clo]?es al so • 



Jaj/] 



tvest- 

\>om eni'] of eny a ; of 
destourbiiige] destour- 
childermasse] 



7168. A sein'] On \>e seint aS ; On \>Q seynt j3 ; On sejant y. 
daie /3. he sey] isei C ; om. ai85. 

7169. a confermement] a conferment B ; oo confirmacioun /8. 
munstre] Westmonastre y. ech] eche o. 

7170. hom i-:^iuc] y^iue ham a ; ^eue hem /3. 
any j3 ; of ony 5. 

7171. ne] om. 5. no] non C; om. ay3. 
bringe B ; disturblynge )3 ; disturbelynge y. 

7172. hahnj] halewi a ; halowe7. as a] as on j8. 
chyldcry masse B ; chyldren mas 5. 

7173. Wel] Ry^t /3. as] and 7. \>at] J^e /3. isay] it say e 5. 

7174. In a] In j^e o a ; In J>e 00 |8 ; 111 ])e S. §•] om. 5. six S^ 
sixti] sixe sixti a. 

7175. let] so let a ; so lete )85 ; lete so y. 

7176. al wel ido] wel al do j3 ; al wel doo y. 

7177. pfi] J?is a. feble] feblede o. bed] bedde a. 

7178. wuste )?«<] weste \>e a ; wist that /3. 

7179. Vor] Vor J>o a; For )>an ^. ivuste] wyste C ; wiste a. 

7180. Worre] Werre y3. 8(] om. 5. sla-^t] wo )3. o)>er loo] 
slaw^ter ;3. S(] om. aS. honijer . . . wou] hungur & gret strijf 
and WOU) fi. 

7181. biclupte] clupte a ; clipte 13. 

7182. Vor to hete is] Vnto his P. 7>e] om. 5. 

7183. poru] pour «. owe] om. a/85. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 519 

pe king lai as he were isuowe • al mest clawes visio. 

tuo • 
He gan as he awoke of slepe • is eyen |?o vnclo • 
He sat him vpward vp is bed • is honden huld vp an 

hey . 7186 

Louerd he sede ]?at ech ]>mg • madest quointe & sley • 
«fe changest poer & kinedom • al at ]>m owe rede • 
& mannes sones wreche sendst • of hor fader misdede • 
^if Jjing J?at ich nou ysey • come of ]>m owe soj^nesse • 
^if me poer hit to telle • in al mi feblesse • 7191 

Vor to ssewy J?i poer • ];at hii J?at it yse]? • 
Douti \)e of l^e sunne • ]?at hii inne he]> • 
Repenti mowe & ]>ev of • horn amendi so • 
pat hii ssilde hom fram }»e harm • ]?at ]70u j^encst horn 

do . 7195 

Anon as j^is holiman adde • is orison ydo }>ere • 
Stalwarde mon of speche he was • hoi as ]>ei he 

were • 



7184. he were isuowe} Ki te were ysowe C ; iswowe a ; in 6-wowe/3; 
in a swowe y ; ysowu 5. al 7nest'] almost y. dawes'] dayes yS. 

7185. awoke'] awoke \)0 a5 ; awoke )?an $. Jio] om. a^5. 

7186. /«m] om. B. vpward vp] vpard vp B ; opward on a ; vp on P. 
hondoi] hondes j8 ; hondus 5. Imld'] held Bo. an hey} on heye y. 

7188. kinedom} kynedoms B ; kinedomsa; kyugdomes 78. \>in owe} 
)>j nowe BC. 

7189. sones ivreche sendst} wreche sendest ek (also /8) afi ; seest eke 5. 
sendst} senst BC. of} for &. fader} fadrcs /3. 

7190. nou} nou^e C. ysey} see y. \>in oive} hy B ; \)i nowe C. 

7191. Xif} Xet B. al 7ni} al mine o. feblesse} feblenesse Cj8. 

7192. ssewy} shewe 7. !/se]>} seeth 7. 

7193. Douti} Doute ;8. of }>c] & of J^e B ; of C ; & of «5 ; and of 
here /3. hii} l>er p. 

7194. Repenti} Repeute /3. horn anmidi} amende hem ^. 

7195. ssilde} ssulde B ; schulde C ; scholde a. 

7196. Anon . . . \>ere} Anon J^o he hadde jpis orcson yended >us )>ere a ; 
Anone when he (whenne 7) had )>\& orisoun ended I'us here &y ; Anone 
ho he had t>ys orisoii |>us ydon there 5. 

7197. mon .... was} ynou his speche was Ca; ynow) his speche 
was /35. hoi} holy man B ; hoi man Ca ; hool m?iB ,6 ; hole man 5. 
J)ei] om. BCaflS. 



520 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Narracio po gan he to telleii ]?is • l^at vlke tyme ich was • 

visionis. . n • t • i 

As man neme m normandie • me com mam god cas • 
[351] Men of religion • ich louede wel ynou • 7200 

And to hom J^at beste were • at uor alle o]?ere ich drou • 
An tueye holimen at uore alle o]?ere • mest ich louede 

J^ere • 
Nou wot ich wel |?at mani day • in heuene boj^e hii were • 
Nou come hii bo|>e to me • and ]?e anguisses some • 
Hii tolde me ]?at to engelond • after me ssolle come • 
Hii sede me of ]je wrechede • j^at alond aj^ tare ibe • 
pe wi-eche hie)? & come]? sone • & ];at me ssal yse • 
fol. 106. Vor prustes mid vnclene honden • »fc mid lechors mod • 
Al isoyled sacrie]? • godes fless & is blod • 7209 

7198. gan] bigan /8. tellen'] telle Ca|85. J>/s] J^us BC ; ]>ere a$S. 
\)at vlke'] })ulke BCa ; >ilke $ ; thylk 5. ich] \>at ych B ; J^at ich o ; 
)>at I ;85. 

7199. As man] As a man C ; As iu a ; As 5 ; om. j3. fleme] flcyne B ; 
flemed ay85. in] in to ay8. mani] manije a ; manye )3. god] a 
goude C ; a good /35. 

7200. wel] euer wel )3. 

7201. to] om. aj35. hom] me hem B ; me hom C. at uor] at vore 
B ; to fore a5 ; bi fore /3. o)>ere] to me aj3S, ich] om. y. 

7202. An] om. o;35 ; & C. tueye] tuene B ; Twei^e o ; Two /85. at 
uore] bi vore C ; to fore o ; bi fore )3 ; by fore 5. o\>ere] om. aySS. 

7203. wot ich wel] \'^ wot wel C. ma7ii] mani^e a. day] a daye 5. 
ho)>e hii] beye hy o. 

7204. Omitted in B. come] comen a ; were /8. Idi ho]>e to] hi 
beye to a ; boj^e hi to to C. to me] with me yS. )>e anguisses ■ 
some] sorewes gonne me telle a ; sorwes gan me telle & ; sorowes 
gon me [telle S. 

7205. Hii . . . come] pat after mi day to englond hidere come schelle o ; 
That aftir my deth to Euglonde hider come schelle & ; That after my 
day to Englonde hyder come schallo 5. after me] after myne dai C. 

7206. Hii sede] he soggcJ> C. J>e wrechede] aS ; ]> wrechede A ; )>e 
wrecchede B ; he wrechhede C ; i>e -wrechednesse j8. alo7id] aloude 
B ; in londe o/3 ; iu loud 5. yare ibe] yore be $. 

7207. hic\>] hije^a; heijch)3. co7ne\) sone] sone comeh BCaS ; soone 
wol come $. Sf }>«/] h^t aP. me ssal] ssal me B. yse] se y ; 
sone yse C. 

7208. Vor]Y A. /jrws/cs] prestes BCj8. i'Hc/e7»e] foule a/8S. honden] 
honde Ba ; hondes j8 ; bond 5. lechors] licherous ;8 ; lecherous 75. 

7209. isoyled] soyled B; ysoilud k ; foule ysoiled j8; y suyled 5. 
sacrie\>] 6acre> C^ ; sacreo 5. Jless] flechs a, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 521 

Ssephurdes hii bet? lu]>ere • vor hii ne witej? no^t • 
Hor ssep fram ]>e wolues • vor be horn ibro^t • 7211 
pe mile & ]>e woUe clene • of o]?cr ])ing hii nolle]? 

telle • 
pe ssephurdes & ]>e ssep al so • ssolle); to ]?e pine of 

heUe. 
As god heiemen of ]?e lond • robbeors felawes be)? • 
Poueremen |?at hii niowej? ouer • hii hulde]? as ^e ise]? • 
Nou wole vr louerd ssake is suerd • is bowe is ibend • 
& prest a]? imad uor to smite • men ]?at be]? mis 

wend- '^^^'^ 

po sede ich mid dreri mod • ^if hii wolle turne hor 

]?o^t . 
& sori be & bete hor sunne • wole vr louerd uor ^lue 

hom o^t ? 
pat is uor no^t J?e o]?er sede • vor ]?e folkes herte is • [352] 
So iharded ]?at hii be]? • deue & blinde iwys • 7221 



7210. 6eJ>] bet B. ne'\ om. S. wite\>'] kepej? fi. 

7211. vor be horn'] C ; vor be hem B5 ; vor be ham a; vu to it be to hem 
fi ; vor he hom A. ihro->,t\ brou^t ^. 

7212. pe mile'] pe melc C ; pe melke B ; Miic a ; Mylk 5. \>e wolle'] 
wolle S. o\,er \>ing] ojser C ; more a ; J^at o>er ^. hii nolle\, telle] 
\>y nolle telle C ; no tale t>ei telle )3. nolle\>] nolle B ; wil not 5. 

7213. ssephurdes] herdes ai35 ; sheepe y. ssep] herdes 7. ssolle\>] 
ssuUe B ; schulle C/3 ; scholle a. J>e] om. B. 

7214. robbeors] robbores C ; }>at robbeors o; J>at robbers ^. 

7215. mowe]>] mowe BCajS ; mow S. hii 1mlde\>] huldej> C ; huldcj> 
vuel a ; hulde)j euel ^ ; hyldeth 5. y] om. C. ise],] seen 5. 

7216. iVoji] Noujje C. wo/e] wil 5. it /oMmZ] god o^5. ss(//,c] 
schaki^e a. bowe] bouwe a. zs] is ek a ; is also ^. iZ-e«f/] bent /3. 

7217. Sf prest a\> . . . smite] & prest is to smite & schete o; Prestes to 
smyte & schete /3. flj> imarf] ha> hit ymad C ; ys 5. men] t>at 
folc Co. ; and folke /3 ; \,e folk S. 6e> mis wend] bet myswende B ; 
is mysywend C ; is miswend a ; is mys went $ ; ys myswende 5. 

7218. dreri] druri a ; dredful ^. mod] mode B. ivollc] woUeJ. Ba. 

7219. ^ sori be] Sorewi a ; To sorwe $ ; & sorowe 5. bete] bydtle 
fore 5. sunne] suunes a. Aom] Lit a ; it 5 ; om. 13. 

72:20. y.e o^r ser/e] quah I'C oher a; q-^ l>e oj^er B ; quaj^e t'e o)>ere 5. 
7221. iharded] harded ^S. deuc] boj^e deef /3. f/e«e ^- blinde] 

blynde & deue BC ; blinde & deue a ; blynde & defe S. 



522 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pat hii nolle]? no god |?ing • ihure ne yse • 

po secle ich were vr louerd • wolle euere wroJ» be • 

Wer he nolle grace do • & be of milce more • 

Wanne ]>at lond after so gret ioye • so uol worj* of 

sore • 7225 

Wat ende ssal ]>eY of be • & wanne eni blis • 
Oj?er confort after siicli wo • J^o sede ]>e o]?ere ]?is • 
arbor. A grene wexinge tre • |?at is fram ]?e more • 

Ismite adoun & }?e brede • of ])re londes ];er fram 

ybore • 
Wanne it is eft bi him siilue • wij^oute ech monnes 

red . 7230 

Itornd aten to is ri^te more • ]?at er was as ded • 
& biginj? to blowe • tSz; s\\])]>e to here friit • 
^ut me may wo it isuc]? • to bote hopie ^iit • 
po ]>e quene & ire broj^er • harald hurde ]?is • 
& roberd ]?at wardein was • of J^e paleys ywis • 7235 



7222. nolle])'] nolle C ; wolle P ; wol y. ?(o] nou B. ihure ?(e] hure 
ne C ; here nol'cr )3 ; here noJ)ere 5. 7/se] see 5. 

7223. were'] wer B ; wliare C ; whe>er afi. vr louerd] god afi. wro\>] 
so wro)' a ; so wrotlie ;8. 

7224. Wer] Whare C ; WheJ>er a^ ; WlieJ^ere 5. 7iolle] nolle yut C ; 
nylle ^itte 5 ; -wole j3 ; wol y. 

7225. so gret] so om. ayS. ?<;orJ>] wroJ> C ; schal be $. 

7226. Wat] Whanue C. 

7227. 0\>er] Or P. ivo] sor BC ; sore 5 ; sorewe a ; sorowe fi. t-c] 
I'is C ; J'ys 5. 

7228. A grene] O grene a ; O gret )3. fram] fro )3. \>c] hys B ; 
his Cai35. 

7229. Ismite] And smyte )3. ^- \>c] & >re A. of] and y. \>re] 
J>e jre B. \>erfram] )>anne a ; )>a.n 5 ; j>ens /3. 

7230. is] om. otjS. him sulue] hym sulf C ; my self 5. 

7231. Itornd] TurneJ? ojS. riyte] om. /85; rite a. 

7232. hloive] blome)3. to here] berej? a/8. 

7233. %ut . . . isuc)>] Who so suc]> (seeth 0) his he may oj8 ; Hwo so 
seeth h>ys he maye 5. ^2<<] panne B. ivo it isxic]>] who >at 
issekkej? C. hopie] hopije o ; hope j8. yd] ^uit o. 

7234. hurde] ihurde a. 

7235. ivardein was] was wardeyne /3. J>e] om. 5. 



BOBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 523 

Hii wepe & made deol ynou • vor hii seye j^e so]7nesse • 
In wuch lecherie & ojjer sunne •] J?e prestes songe hor 

messe • 
& hou ];e heiemen of ]?e lond • ]7e pouere to groimde 

bro^te • 
pe wreche J'at god wole do • nas nott nor nott hii 

]70^te • 
pe si^te bitokne]? ]?us • as it was vnder stonde • 7240 signacio. 
pis tre ]>e noble kinedom • bitokne]? of engelonde • 
pe more bitoknej? ]>e ri^te kunde • J^at ech of o]?ere come • 
Fram king alfred ]>q kunde more • ]>at uerst was yeled 

at rome • 
To seint edwardes fader • & to him sukie al so • 7244 [353] 
Ac ]>o he deide wi|;oute ri^t eir • J^e wexinge was ydo • 
& ]7at tre ismite fram ]?e more • ouer J?re londes brede • 
Vor ]?re kinges were of engelond • of vnkunde sede • 
Verst harald ])e quene broJ?er • & willam bastard al so • fol. loe b. 
&; s\ip]>e is sone willam • J^e rede king ]?er to • 



7236. wepe"] wope C ; wepte /3. seye] isei C. soi>n€Sse'] so)>enasse a. 

7237. In , . . sunne] pat in lecheri^e & in o)'ere sunnes a ; That in 
synne & licherye /3. wucK] wuche B ; swich C ; suche 5. sunne] 
synnys 5. \>e] om. C ; )>at S, messe] masse Ba. 

7238. ]>e pouere] i>e om. a5. 

7239. wole] wolde Ba,8S. nas] was 5. hii] as him 8 ; om. C. 
\>oyte] y })Oute C. 

7240. pe] ph CayS ; Thys S. siyte] siht C. hitokne\>] was bi 
toknyng C. loas] was to C. 

7241. \>e] J^is C. \>e noble . . . eiiyelonde] bitokene> of Englonde }>e 
noble kyngdome iS. 

7242. pe] & )>e «;85, hitokne]>] om. a/35. 

7243. yeled] yheled B ; oiled /3 ; oyled y. 

7245. Jjo . . . . eir] wij^oute rijt eir he deijde a; with owte ry^t 
eier he deide ;8 ; w' owte ryght eyre he deyd 5. \>e wexinge was] 
>o (}>an j8) was ]?e wexinge a)35. ydo] do j8. 

7246. &f] om. a/35. )>at] )>Q C. ismite] was smite /3. fram] fro 
/3 ; from 7. 

7247. hre] he BCa^. of] in 5. o/j of welaS; ofry)t/3. 
rw^i«(rfe] vnkede C ; vnkynde 5. 

7248. Verst . '. . bro\>er] Harald he quene broher furst a ; Haralde he 
qwenes broher furst /3 ; Harald he quenes brohere first 5. ^'] om. 5. 

7249. her to] al so C5. 



524 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Ac after )?at willam j^e rede king • issote was bi cas • 
& ]>e gode henry is broj^er • after him king was • 7251 
Seint edwardes nece • |7at of is fader kunde com • 
& of ]>e ri^te kunde of engelond • king hemy to wiue 

nom • 
pat was mold j^e gode quene • ]mt in gode time was 

ybore • 
po smot uerst )?is tre a^en • to is kunde more • 7255 
& normandie )>oru ))e king • & j^oru ]>o quene engelond • 
lioyned were |>o kundeliche • as in one monnes hond • 
po seint edward adde ]?is itold • he closede boj7e is eye • 
In ]>e ver|?e day of Icniuer • In )ns manere he gan deye • 
In a jjousend zer of grace • & sixe k> sixti ri^t • 7260 
After |7at vr suete louerd • in is moder was ali^t • 
King he was ]>Te & tuenti zer • «fc six monj^es )?er to • 
&; ]>re wouke & six dawes • ar is lif were ydo • 
Al }?e franchise of engelond • & al ];e ioye of blis • 
Mid him Avas uaste ibured • ]>o me burede him ywis • 

7250. Ac] And 5, }>«< willam Jjc] Willam ]>e C ; )>is o;8 ; }>at }>ys 5. 
issote] shotte y. 

7251. Sf] om. aj3. was] \>o was a. 

7252. J>rt<] om. afiS. com] }>at com a ; ^at come $S. 

7253. S^-] om. 5. he] om. a$. 

7254. icas .... quene] molde \>e good qwcnc was j3. ybore] bore y. 

7255. Omitted in 5. ticrst J^/s tre] J>is tre furst a ; J>c tre furst 0. 

7256. engelond] of engelond C ; of euglond 5. 

7257. lioyned] loyned B-y. as] om. B. one] oo y. 

7258. yis] om. a;35. Hold'] seide j8. bo\>e] om. Coi85. is eye] his 
ei^e a ; his eijen j8 ; his ejen y. 

72.59. In] And BCaS. leniucr] lanyuere B ; iauewer C ; leneuere /3 ; 

lanuuer 5. he] om. BCa;85. deye] deije a ; deien j8 ; deyen y. 
7260-7263, Inserted in B after line 7257. 

7260. In a] In J>e o o ; In J>e oo /8 ; In J>e 5. 

7261. \>at] om.'B. vr suete louerd] oure swetc louerd a ; ourelorde 
godj3. 

7262. Jre] h-ere A. 

7263. trou/ie] woke BC ; wike a; wikes $; wekes y, wokys 5. six] 
syxte B. dawes] daies /8. ydo] do y. 

7264. francliise] fraunchises 5. \>e ioye of blis] ioye & blysse B ; 
\>d ioi^e & blis a ; }>e ioye & blis Cj3. 

7265. ihured] iburied a ; buried fi. burede him] hym ibured C ; him 
burede a; him buried jS; h'm beried 5, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 525 

& J?at me vond sone afterward • mid moni deoliiol 
cas . 7266 

At westmimstre a tiielfte day • ]?is godemon ibured 
was • 

T I Arald jjis false erl • ]>o seint edward ded lay • [-354-] 

Him sulue he let croimi kinsj . bulke sulue day • Coronacio 

. harald 

Falsliehe uor seint edward • so wel to him truste • 7270 

pat he bitok him engelond • )^at he it wel wuste • 

To willames biof[?e bastard • due of normandie • 

Ac him sulue he made king • mid such tricherie • 

Ac ]>Q gode trywemen of ]>e lond • wolde abbe ymad 

king • 
pe kunde eir J?e tonge child • edgar a)?eling • 7275 

Wo so were next king bi kunde • me clupede him 

aj^eling • 
peruore me clupede him so • vor bi kunde he was next 

king • 
Ac harald made his wey biuore • as mid suikedom • 
Mid liftes & mid uaire biheste • aueng ]>q kinedom • 

7266. Sf . . . . so7te'\ Sone me fond hit a5 ; Soone men fonde hit ff. 
deoluol] dalfol a ; a deolful 5 ; 11 doilful j8 ; a doefull y. 

7267. a tuelfte] a tuelf^e R ; a tuolf >e C ; on \>C: twelf y3. \>is ynde 
mon'\ seint edward aS ; Seynt Edward /3. ibured] buried ^8. See 
Appendix, Note 00. 

7268. J>(s] J>e )8. ded] dede B. 

7269. sulue] sulf o. he] om. C. letcrouni] was icrouned a ; was 
crowned /3. \>ulke sulue] Jjilke same ^. 

7270. truste'] triste o ; trist 5. 

7271. wel] truliche o; trewly ;3. tvuste] wiste oyS ; wyst 5. 

7272. biof)>c] bi of J^e A ; bihoue Coj8 ; byhofe 0. 

7273. hivi sulue he made] he made him self 5. sulue] sulf a. mid 
such] mid suche a ; J>onv^ his /8. 

7274. trywemen] men a/35. ymad] made 7. 

7275. J?e kunde] pane kunde a. 

7276. next king] next o ; om. /3. were next king] first were 5. hi 
kunde] bihyude y. clupede him] clupej' hym B ; clupe|> swich C ; 
cleped such a ; callid suche $. 

7277. clupede] callid 7. vor] om. afiS. bi kunde] bihynde y. 

7278. as mid] & j3. suikedom] wyckedome 5. 

7279. yiftes] yiite C. ^ mid] & afiS. biheste] bihestes CoyS; 
byhestis S. aueng] & auong B ; & feng a ; & fonge /85. 



526 THE CHRONICLE OF 

So ]7at some him chose al out • &; some hom hiikle 
stille . 7280 

And sofrede as hii noit ne miite • al ]>e o]>eres willc • 
So ]^at harald was king • to wro}>crhele ]>c kinedom • 
And seint cdwardes sitte • bi him to so]?e com • 
Vor 1^0 bigan pe wowe verst • as me miite yse • 
pat ssokle as seint edward sede • bi J>re kingcs daye 
be • 7285 

Vor coste harakles bro]?er • ])at he drof in to flaundre • 
Bi \>o kinges daye edward • him sulf to grete sclaundre • 
[355] He com anon ]>o upen him • mid gret poer & heye • 

Mid harakl darfager • king of norjjweye • 7289 

tfc mid gret poer of norj^humber • to euerwik hii come • 
& muche folk in ]>e sou)? side • boJ?e slowe &5 nome • 
bellum. King harald com to hom at en • mid poer strong ynou • 
Bi side euerwik • his ost aten him drou • 

7280. him chose'} chose him y. Sf] om. y. hom hulde] huld hom C 
him helde y. 

7281. sofrede"] leten o; leten hem fi; lete 5. as hii .... wille'] for 
hi ne myte o>er don al hare wille a ; for bei ne myjt o)>ere doun al here 
•wille j8; for J^ey ne myght obere doii al her wille 5. Ye] om. B. 

7282. toro\)erhele'] w5 \>Q hele B ; wro}>ehele C ; wro^e hele a ; euyl 
hele 5. 

7283. bi him to so\>e'] to hem to sothe y ; to so)>e by him 5. 

7284. wowe] wow B ; werre ayS. yse] se y. 

7285. pat ssoldc] And schulde be )3. seint] om. o)35, \>re hinyes 
daye be] kynges daies bre )3. daye] dawes a ; drawun 5. 

7286. haraldes] harald B. drof] di'of er Ba;3 ; drof ere 5 ; drofe er y. 
in to] to ajS^S. 

7287. \>e] om. B. kinges daye edward] kynge Edwardes daie )3 ; 
kynges Edwardes day y. sulf] sulue BCa. 

7288. bo] om. C;8. upen] ope a ; apone yS ; vpon Qy. ^ heye] & 
eie C ; & eye B5 ; & eyje o ; alway /3, 

7289. Mid harald darfager] & brou^te w' him arfager a ; & brou)t with 
him Arfager /S. darfager] AB ; arfager C ; & Arfager 5. king] 
be kynge ^8. nor])weye] norewey^e a. 

7290. mid gret] om. a/3 ; be 5. nor\>humber] nor^thumberlond a ; 
Norbhumberlonde ^ ; Northhumburloud 5. to] & to afi, hii] he fi. 

7291. in] of S. slowe] flowe a; bey slouj S. 

7292. to hom a^ew] ajeu hym B. to] om. Ca/SS, 

7293. Bi side] & bi side C; & bi sides a^ • And by sydys 5. aien 
him] a)en hom C ; ajen ham a ; ajeynst hem 5. drou] he drou B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 527 

In a stude pat me clupede • staimford brugge ]?o • 

Ac nou me cliipe]? it bataile brugge • uor ]:'e bataile ]7at 

was ]>o • 7295 

pere hii smite to gadere • &5 made a sori pley • 
Vor ];ere was ]?is cost aslawe • & J'e king of nor]^- 

wey • 
& hor side al binej^e • to ende it com so • 
pat saint edward biuore sede • of )?ulke brej^eren tuo • 
pat hii ssolde to gadere fitte • & harakl aboue be • 
per me mitte of ]?ulke word • j^e soj^nesse yse • 7301 
Fram anon amorwe • uorte mid ouer non • 
pe bataile ilaste strong • ar he were idon • 
pe englisse ouer ]7e brugge driue • ]?e oj^ere atte 

laste • 
Ac ]>o )?at water was bituene • hii stode a^en vaste • 
O bodi ])er was of nor]7wey • betere nare j^er none • 
Vor he at stod vpe J?e brugge • mid an ax alone • 



7294. a studel o stude a; a stede C ; oobregge P. staimford] Stam- 
ford B ; steynforde C ; steineford o ; schemford P ; shemford y ; steyns- 
ford 5. brugge'] bregge 0. 

7295. Ac] And Ba$5. nou] noujje C. mc clupe];> it] me clupej' C ; 
om. aj85. hrugye] bregge 0. \>at was J>o] was }>er idoa; was 
J)er do /3 ; was there tho y ; Jjer was ydo S. 

7296. pere] pus a0. smite to gadere] to gidre sraete y3. a] o a ; oo ;3. 

7297. was \>is cost] was JjIs coste C« ; was tost B ; Jjis Coste was P. 
aslawe] slayn /3. 

7298. e7ide] >e ende 5. so] \>o &; so \}0 5. 

7299. seint] om. o/35. biuore] er afi; ere 5. i>ulke] >elke B. 

7301. i>e] t'atB. 

7302. 071071 amorwe] \)Q non a morewe a ; >e noon amorwe ; \>e jonge 
nonne amorow 5. uorte] vor to hei C ; fort hei o ; vn to heije /3 ; 
vu to the high y ; vnto hy^ 5. 

7303. pe] poB; That 5. ilaste] laste Ba; last 7. strong] Bironge a. 
ar he] ar hit a ; or hit $S. 

7304. englisse] Englische men /3. ouer \>e brugge] to \>Q brynke /3. 
driue] droue B;8. atte] at B. 

7305. Ac] om. a/3. hii stode aye7i] a^en hi stode a ; ajen J^ei (l^ey S) 
stode )35. 

7306. O] On B ; A 5. betere 7iare i>er] a better was neuer 5. nare] 
nas B ; nere Co ; was 0. 

7307. at stod] at stode B ; a stod C ; stode /35. vpe] op a ; apon /8. 
brugge] brygge C. an] on a. ax] ax in hond 5. 



528 THE CHRONICLE OF 

&; drof J?e englisse men a^en • him ne mi^te non at 

stonde • 
& slou mo j^an vourty of horn • raid is owe honde • 
[356] & wiiste liom so uorte after non • vor te on raid gile 

nom • ' 310 

A ssip and ar he were iwar • vnder \>e brugge com • 
& smot him ar he were ywar • vnder ]>e fondement 

lowe • 
Mid a spere & so an hey • ]'at he deide in an j^rowe • 
A stalwarde pece ]?at was • nou god cuj^e is soule loue • 
po ]70ite ]?e englisse uor is de]> • ]^at hii were al 

aboue • 7315 

& passede ]>e brugge anon • & slowe to grounde • 
So )?at ]?e o)7er partie • bine|»c was in a stounde • 
po harald isey is bro)>er aslawe • & ]?e king arfager • 
Of nor])weie & hor folc • he ne held no mon is per • 
He ne teld noit wel hor mede • j^at wi]^ hira is fon 

slowe • 7320 

peruore is men |>e lasse • hor herte to him drowe • 

7308. him ne miyte noji] ne myte him non a; ne myjt him nou 5 ; none 
myit him /3. at sto7ide2 a stonde C7. 

7309. vourty'] fourti men (3. owe'] om. o)35. 

7310. wuste] kepte fiS. uorte] fort a; vn to )8 ; to 7. vor te on] 
>at on a ; J)at oon j8 ; J>at one 78. 

7311. A ssip] A schup C ; Mid o schip a ; With a schip P. and ar he 
were iwar] & onder hym C ; priueliche bine^e a)3 ; & vnder him 
bynethe 5. vnder] & vuder C ; & vn)>er a ; and onder j8. brugge] 
brygge C. 

7312. ywar] ware 7. vnder] Jjoru Co; ^o^w^ ;8 ; J^rou) S. \>e] om. B. 

7313. spere] scharpe spere S. §• so an hey] om. 5. so] >o a ; i>an /3. 
an hey] anhei^e /3 ; on high 7. >a<] om. a;8. in ari] in a BC ; 
on o « ; in one )3. 

7314. stalwarde] stalworthe 7. i>at was] was >at on o ; was J^at one)35. 
mom] om. /3S. cui>e] kithe /3 ; cuy>e 5. 

731.5. hii] hui a al] om. 5. 

7316. brugge] brygge C. ^0] J'O to o5 ; )>an to ;8. 

7317. So] om. afid. J>e] \>o 5. o]>er] o)>ere o. partie] om. afiS. 
was] were a^5. iVt a] in one lutle o ; in a litil 5 ; anone in a litel P. 

7318. isey] sawe 7. as/a«-e] slayne 7. 

7319. 7ie] om. S. AeW 710 won] huld nour B. 

7320. ne yeld 7ioyt tvel] withhc4de men $. ne] om. 5. ivel] om. aS, 

7321. hor] om. o;3, Aer/e] hertis 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 529 

& ]?at hii kudde him afterward • aien willam bastard • 
As le ssolle sone ihure • vor he was eiiere a ssreward • 
Af Vche aj> j^e sorwe ibe • ofte in engelonde • 

As te mowe her & er • ihure & vnderstonde • 7325 
Of moni bataile |^at a]? ibe • & )?at men |?at lond 

nome • 
Verst as te abbe]? ihm^-d • ]?e emperours of rome • 
Su]?]7e saxons & englisse • mid batayles stronge • [357] 

& suj^l^e hii of denemarch • ]?at hulde it al so longe • 
Atte laste hii of normandie • |?at maisters be]? ^ut 

here • 7330 

Wonne hit & holde]; tut • icholle telle in wuch 

manere • 
po willam bastard hurde telle • of haraldes suikel- 

hede • 
Hou he adde ymad him king • & mid such falshede • 
Vor ];at lond him was bitake • as he wel wuste • 7834< 
To wite hit to him wel • tfc he wel to him truste • 



7322. afterward'} after 07 ; aftir 0. 

7323. sone ihure} here soone j8 ; after here 5. euere] om. oj35. 

7324. Muche} Manye 0. sorwe'] sorwes ; sorowes y. ibe} be $. 
732.5. mowe} may 5. her Sf er} here & er B ; heer & here )3 ; here and 

there y ; nowe & ere 5. her .... vnderstonde} her yhure & kunne 

vnderstonde C. ihure} here /85. 

7326. Of moni} Mani^e o ; Many a j3. bataile} bataillcs C. ]>a^t 
a)>} })at haue)> C; \>itx haj> afi. Sf \>at men} men a; & men S; of 
men J^at /3. 

7327. aiiet> ihurd} haue harde /8. \>e} of \>q j85. 

7329. Omitted in B. hii} w' hem 5. hulde it al so} helde J>e 
werre 5. 

7330. hii} hey B. ie)>] bet B ; bene y. 

7331. holde\>} holden /3. icholle} \'^ chul C ; ich wole o ; I wol 0. 
telle} telle ^ou /3 ; you telle y. in wuch} in wuche B ; in whych C ; 
on whiche o;3 ; on what 5 ; in whiche 7. 

7332. hurde telle} ihurde a ; harde >is ; hurde 5. suihelhede} suyked- 
hede B ; swikehede C ; falshede ; schrewdhed 5. 

7333. ymad} made 7. ^ mid such falshede} & )>ai with muche qwede 
j8. such} wuch B ; whuche C ; which a5. 

7334. Am was} was him j3. he} hyt B. wel} welle B ; ryjt /3. 
ti'ws^e] wiste a.0. 

7335. it'tfe] wityje o; kepe j8. §• Ae] for he y3. truste} tri&te a/3, 

L L 



530 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Nuncn w. ^g r,Q hende he dude verst • & messagers him sende • 
pat he vnderstode him bet • is dede vor to amende • 
& ]>otie on l^e gi'ete o]) • ]'at he him adde er ydo • 
To wite him wel cngelond • «fc to sj)Ousi is dotter 

also • 
& hulde him )?erof vorewarde • as he bihet ek ])c 

kinge • 7340 

& bote he dude bi time he wolde • sende him o];er 

tidinge • 
& seche him out ar tuelf mon}»e • & is rittes winnc • 
pat he ne ssoldc abbe in al cngelond « an heme to wite 

him Inne • 
h. remittit Harald him sende word • J>at folie it was to truste • 

To such o]> as was ido • mid strcng|?e as he wel wuste • 
Vor ^if a maide treuj?e ipli^t • to do an fole dede • 
Al one priueliche • wi)?oute hire frendes rede • 7347 



he'] om. $, 



messagers'] massangers y. 



7336. As] And as /3. 
hhn'] to hiin j8. 

7337. pat] And t-at /3. vnderstode him'] him vnderstod o. bet] 
better /3. vor to] vort a ; to |8. 

7338. ];>oyte] )?oute him a ; to }>enke )8. er] om. aj85. J/do] do ^8. 

7339. wite him] witi^e him a; Avarde for him ^ ; kepe him 5. zvel 
cngelond] Englonde wel /3. to spousi] to spouse BC ; spousi o ; 
spoused ;8 ; to wedde 5. 

7340. hulde] holde iS. ek] om. afi. 

7341. Sf bote . . . wolde] & bitime o)>er he wolde o ; & byt}*me ot>er he 
wolde 5 ; Or ellis he wolde bi tyme j8. sende him] to him sende 0. 
him] om. a5. oi>cr] oj^ere a. 

7342. out] om. a^S. ar] are a ; or C&. mon])e] monies a$. 
riites winne] citees to wynne )8. 

7343. in] in to B ; om. /3. al] om. a&S. an her7ie] & erne B ; an 
hurne C ; on hurne a5 ; ne o heme fi ; ne oon heme y. wite] 
witiie a ; wity C ; kepe )3 ; be 5. hi?H] om. 5. Inne] om. B. 

7344. Harald] Harald a^en o; A^eyne Harald 5. him sende] sende 
him 5. ivord] word ajen P. \>at] om. o;85. folie] folije a ; 
foli /3. truste] tryste C^ ; triste 07. 

7345. o>] an othe 5. as] A7 ; t'at BCafiS. ido] do j8. wuste] 
wiste a/3. 

7346. a] a. ipliyt] ply^te Ba ; ply^t C ; plight y. do] don o ; 
doun /8 ; doon 7. ati] a B5 ; 00; 00 /3. fole] fol a ; foli P ; foolys J 

7347. Al 07ie] W hir loue 5. wi]}Oute] wythouten 7. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 531 

J)ulke vorewarde were uor no^t • & watloker it atte 
her . ^ 

pat ich suor an o\ J?at was • al in \\ poer • 
WiJ? owte conseil of al ]7e lond • of )?ing J;at min noU 
nas . yg.Q 

peruore nede q\ isuore • nede ibroke was • 

& ^if \0M me wolt seche in engelond • ne be \q>\\ nott 

so stiirne • 
Siker |;ou be |7ou ne ssalt me • finde in none hurne • 
po willam hurde ]?at he wolde • susteini is tricherie • [358] 
He let of sende is kni^tes • of al normandie • 7355 

To conseiU him in ].is cas • & to helpe him in such 

nede • 

& he gan of hor porchas . largeliche horn bede . 

As hii founde su|7]?e in engelond • j^o it iwonne was • 

pe betere was toward him • hor herte uor pis cas- 

pe due willam is wille • among hom alle sede • 73 GO 

pat four I^inges him made mest • biginne |>ulke dede • 



7348 loerel ys B ; is Ca^5. loatloker-] whatloker C ; whatlokur « • 
what o>er /3 ; so 5. 

7349 fa/] Fore 5. ««] om. a^ ; myne S. \.af\ hit /3. wa.\ was 
\>Q Ba5 ; was >an y3. al in'] al clene on a^. 

7350. TF/|> owte-\ With outen ;8. «/] om. a|8. no^t] none y. 

73ol. nede o]> isuore] nedeliche sworn 0. vede ibroke] anrl nede 

broken fi. ■' 

7352. me wolt] wolt me 5. wait seche] sechest a ; sekest $. ne] 

om. 5. noyt] noBCa; neuer /3 ; neuere 5. 
7353 ]>ou be \,ou] \,ou B ; beo J^e a ; |,ou be fi. ne ssalt me finde] ne 

schalt >ou nout me finde a ; ne schalt t>ou no)t finde me p. none] 

one a ; oon j8. 

7354. hurde] wiste a$. susteini] susteny B ; susteni a; susteyne y. 

7355. of se7ide] aftersende a; sende aftir/3. 

7356. conseili] counseile y. in] on a0. ,y] om. a;8. /,/„,] om. 
a^S. such] suche Ba ; |>ys 5. 

7857. gan] bigan^; biganne y. largeliche] largeli $. 

7358. founde] founden ^. sui,i>e] om. a;8. ,„] on a. iu-onne] 
wonne y. 

7359. was] j>o was o; was >an ;9. Aer<e] hertis 5. 

7360. sede] i>o sede 5. 

7361. mest bi(jinne bulhe] most to bigj-nne \>k 13. 

L L 2 



532 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pat godwine haraldes fader • to de)>e let do • 

So villi che alfred is cosin • & is felawes al so • 

& uor harald adde is o]> ibroke • j^at he suor mid is 

riit bond • 
pat he wolde to is biofpe • witie engelond • 73 G 5 

& uor seint edward him tef • engelond al so • 
& vor he was next of is blod • & best wur);e |>er to • 

M. 108. &5 uor harald nadde no ri^t • bote in falshede • 
pes Jjinges him made mest • biginne J?ulke dede • 
& uor he woldc J^at alio men • iseye is trewehede • 7370 
To ])c pope alisandre he sende • in such cas him to rede • 

papa. Haraldes falshede • j^o l;e pope ysey J^ere • 

& parauntrc me him tolde • more ]>an so]> were • 

pe pope asoilede & blcssede • willam & alle his • 

pat into I'is batailc • mid him ssolde iwis • 7375 

& halwede is baner • ];at me at uorc him bere • 

po was he & alle his . gladdore pan hii er were • 

iter versus So J>at )?is duc adde • a^en heruest al ^are • 

anglie. jj^^ barons & kni^tes • mid him uorto fare • 

7362. pat] Vor Ba ; For j8 ; Fore 5. let] lette a. 

7363. So] om. a$. villiche] vilenlych C. 

7364. uor] om. a^. ibroke] broken y. is] om. o. hond] honde B. 

7365. biof\>c] byhofJ>e C ; bihoue j8 ; byhofe 5. witie] witije wel a ; 
witye wel C ; kepe wel ;8 ; kepe 5. 

7367. of is blod] of blode $. wuri>e] wour>i C ; wor))i j8. 

7368. naddc] hadde ; had 5. no] non B. 

7369. 7nest] moste y. ];>ulke] J)ys B5 ; J>is C ; suche )3. 

7370. isei/e is trewehede] schulde se his trewj^ehede ;3. 

7371. alisandre] elisandre a. 

7372. Haraldes falshede J)o] po haraldes grete falshede a ; Whenne 
Haraldes gret falshede )3. ysey] sawe &. 

7373. parauntre] perauentere B ; par auenture a, me] to o ; om. ;8. 
him tolde] tolde him o5. \>an] J^at B. so\>e] trewjje )3 ; 
se})e S. 

7374. asoilede] )>o assoiled S, ^ blessede] om. S. 

7375. i?ito] in ^. mid him ssolde] wolde wende )8. 

7376. me] men Ca. at uore] to fore a; bifore /8 ; afore 5, 

7377. er] om. Ca0. 

7378. a^e7i] ayeust y. 

7379. k7iiytes] his knyjtes C ; his knites a ; his knyghtis 8. mid Aim] 
alredy 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 533 

To |?e hauene of sein walri • J^e due wende ]'o • 7380 
Mid ]>e men ]7at he adde • & abide mo • 
After heruest ]70 hor ssipes • & hii al preste were • 
& wind horn com after wille • hor seiles hii gonne 

arere • 
& hiderward in ]?e se • wel glad ]7en wei nome • Intrant 

So ]7at biside hastinge . to engelond hii come • 7385 '"i^gi'^m. 
Horn ];o^te |?o hii come alond • j^at al was in hor bond. 
As sone as ]>e due willam • is fot sette alond • 
On of is kni^tes gradde • hold vaste willam nou • 
Engelond uor J^er nis • no king bote |70u • 
Vor siker J?ou be engelond • is nou ]m\ iwis • 7390 

pe due willam anon • uor bed alle his • 
pat non nere so wod to robby • ne no maner harm do 

]7ere • 
Vpe J^c lond J^at it was • bote hom ])at aien him were • 
Al an fourtene ni^t • hii bileuede J;er aboute • 
& conseilede of batayle • »fe ordeinede hor route • 7395 



7381. §•] om. 5. abide} to abide Ca0 ; to abyde 5. 

7382. hor} thcr y. hii al] al hii B ; hii alle a. 

7383. wijid] om. A ; wj'nd Ba ; wynde C;8. wind .... com} \>ey had 
wynde at -wille S. hom .... wille} to hare wille com a ; to here 
wille come /3. yonne} gon B. arere} rere B ; vp rere )3. 

7384. in} for)? in Ca; forthe in 5. in \>e se . . . . wei} J>ei gonne wende 
in \>e see faire weie \>e\ P. g^ud} glade o. \>en} >ane Co. 

7385. biside} bisides a0. hastinge} hastinges a; hastynges B5. 
hii come} >ei soone come ;3 ; soone they come y. 

7386. come alond} comen vp a ; come vp j8. in hor} on here ;8. 
hand} honde B. 

7387. As sone} At see sone B. as J>e due} so due a; as Duke /8. 
alond} alonde B ; on londe /3. 

7388. gradde} seide )3. hold} holde By ; haldc )3. 

7389. nis no king} nis her no king a ; is none ot»er kyuge here )3. no} 
non B. 

7391. anon} )>o anon a; J>an anone /3. uor bed} verbed B. alle hix} 
al this 7. 

7392. nere} were /88. robby} robbe y. no maner} o|>er a; ojjere 5; 
none ojjer /3. 

7393. Vpe} Opon a ; Apon y. it] hys B ; his Ca^5. 

7394. Al} And B. an] a C ; one afi. fourtene 7ii}t} fourty 
nyit B^ ; fourtenyght 5. hii] he with his est P, 

7395. of] of here /3; of a ?, 



534 THE CHRONICLE OF 

King harald sat glad ynou • at euerwik atte mete • 
So )?at };cr com a messager • ar he addc i^ete • 
& sede ]'at due willani • to hastingcs was icomc • 
& is bancr adde arcrd • k> j'c contreic al inome • 
Harald anon mid grete herte • corageus ynou • 7400 
As he of nomon ne tolde • Jjuderward uaste he drou • 
He no let nozt clupie al is folc • so willcsfol he was • 
& al for in J^e o]?er bataile • him vel so vair cas • 
Missio po due willam wuste • ]>at he was icomc so nei • 
Monachi. ^ monek he sende him in message • &l dude as ]>c slcy • 
pat lond \)Sii him was i^iue • }>at he ssoldc him vp 
^elde . 740G 

0|'er come & dcreyni )>o ri;te • mid suerd in }?e vcldc • 
fol. 108 b. 2 if he sede j^at he nadde • none riite )>cr to • 

pat vpe }>e popes lokinge • of rome he ssoldc it do • 
[360] ,& he woldo j'er to stonde • al wi)'Oute fi^te • 7410 

Wer scint cdward hit him isS • k> wcr he adde )>er to 
ri^te • 



7396. atte] at his )8. 

7397. a] o a. messager'] messanger 7. iyete] yetc $. 

7398. i>at due willam] William t»e Duke 0. hastingcs] hastynge j8. 
icomc] come 7. 

7399. arcrd] yrerd B ; rcrcd 7. al] had 5. 

7400. anon .... herte] mid gret hurteanon a; with grct hcrtc anonc ^. 
anon] a man B. grete] a gretc 5. corageus] & coraious a ; aud 
coraiousce j8 ; and coraiouse 7 ; & corageous 5. 

7401. nomon] non man B. ne] om. 5. Ae] om. BCa)85. 

7402. ne] om. 5. let noyt clupie] lete calle 7. xvillesfol] -wyllcfol B. 
was] J>o was o ; J>an was ;8 ; was thannc 7. 

7403. if] om. a/3. vel] ful C ; hi felle /3. 

7404. \>o] This )3. due] J>e due BC ; H Duk 5. wuste] wist ; 
wyste C. icome] come 7. so] om. BCa. 

7405. A] Ane a. inonck] monke 7. him] om. afi. 

7406. iyiue] yeue 7. him vp] yt vp B ; it vp to him ^3. 

7407. dcreyni] dereny C ; dere em B ; declare j8. )>e rixte] ryjt o. 

7408. nadde] ne hadde /8. no7ie] non B ; no Co;35. 

7409. vpe] op on a; apon 7. popes] pope B. ssolde] schul 5. 
it] om. aj3. 

7410. sionJt'] at stonde o. al] al clene BC)85. 

7411. TFier] Whaler C ; WheJ>er aP ■ For 5. hit him yaf] to hun it 
^efe 5. yaf] yei BC. ^- ^rer] & whej^er CajSS. t>cr <o] om. a$. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 535 

Harald sendc him word a^en • p'at he nolde him take 

no lond • 
Ne no lokinge of rome • bote suerd & ri^t hond • 
po hit o|?er ne miite be • eij^er in is side • 
Conseilede &; tarkede horn • bataile uor to abide •7415 
pe englisse al ]>e nitt bi uore • uaste bigonne to singe • 
& spende al ]>c ni^t in glotonie • & in drinkinge • 
pe normans ne dude noit so • ac criede on god uaste • 
& ssriue horn ech after oj^er • J?e wule J>e ni^t ylaste • 
& amorwe hom let hoseli • mid mikle herte ynou • 
& su])])e ]}(i due wi|; is ost • toward ]>g bataile drou • 
An stounde he gan abide • & is kni^tes rede • 7422 
^c knittes he sede \>Sit be]? • of so noble dede • 
pat nere neuere ouercomc • ne ioure elderne na]?emo • 
Vnder stonde}? of j^e kunde of franco • j^at ^oure eldeme 

dude so wo • 7425 

7412. sende Aim] hym sende C ; him scnde a; him send 5; him sent $. 
nolde him'\ him nolde a ; him wolde /3. him take'] take him 5. no] 
non B. 

7413. Ne] Nej^er 3. ««] non B. suerd Sf] suord & B; J>e swcrd & 
be C5 ; with swerde and /3. riyt] om. /3, 

7414. in] on o)35. 

7415. uor to] forte a; for /3. 

7416. biyonne] bygon B ; gonuc Co ; gon 5 ; gan $ ; ganne y. See 
Appendix, Note PP. 

7417. ^ in drinhinye] in mete & in drynkynge C ; in eting & driukynge 5 ; 
mid mete & mid drinke o ; with mete & with drynke )3. 

7418. ne] om. 5. criede] hii cryde B ; bey cryed 5. on yod] to gode 
o ; to god /8. 

7419. ssriue] schreue C ; schriuen o ; schryuen /3 ; schrof 5. hom] om. a. 
tvule] while C (& passim). be ni-yf] bey myght 5. ylaste] last y. 

7420. §-] om. C. amoru'c] on be morne 5. hom let] hem lete B ; leten 
hom o ; lete hem /3. hoseli] asely B ; houscly C ; houseli o ; hously j8. 

7421. s?<bbe] so oj3. toward] to o)3. 

7422. An] One 07. abide] to abide )3. rede] gan to rede a&. 

7423. be\>] bet B ; bene 7. 

7424. nere .... oucrcome] neuer ouercomc were 5. nere neuere] 
neuere were o ; were neuere /3. ne] om. 3. ■'youre elderne] eur 
vldere o ; ^oure elder C ; oure eldres )3. na\>cmo] nobemo a ; neuer- 
bemo j85. 

7425. F7i<fcr s<onrfeb] J^incheb a ; Thenkeb )3. o/] on ^. kunde] 
kyng BC ; king a ; kyngc 05. i^oure elderne dude] oure elder dude 
C ; dude eure ylderne a ; dede ^oure eldres j3. -i^oure] cure 5. 
so] om. B ; swiche C ; wel a. ; moche fi. 



6S6 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Hou mi fader in paris • amidcle is kinedom • 

Mid prowesse of ^oure faderes • mid streng]7e him oucr- 

com . 
Vnderstonde]> hou ^oure elderne • ]>e king nome also • 
& held him iiorte he adde amended • }>at he adde 

misdo • 
& richard j'at was ]jo a child • Isolde normandie • 7430 
pat was due hcrbiuore • & J^at to such maistrie • 
pat at cche parlement • ]?at he in france were • 
pat he were igurd wij? suerd • ])c wule he were ]>ere • 
Ne jat ]?e king of france • ne his so hardi nere • 
Ne non atte parlement • )?at knif ne suerd here • 7435 
Vnder stonde]) ek )'o dedes • )?at ])ulke richard dude 

al so • 
pat he ne ouercom nott kinges alone • ac wel more ]>er 

to. 
[3G1] Ac he ouercom }>e dcuel • & adoun him caste • 

To cfadere as hii wrastledc • & bond is honden vaste • 



7426. Hon'] & hou o; And how )3. amiddc] amyddes |8. 

7427. Mid] poru Co ; Thorw), /3 ; Throu) S. prowesse] helpe &. 
■toure] oure C ; cure a. strmg)>e] stren)>e C. him] hem y. 

7428. Vnderstonde\>] penchc}' a ; Thynke)' yS. -^oure elderne] oure 
elderne C ; cur vlderne a ; joure eldres j8. \>e king nome] toke J>c 
kynge 5. nome] nom a ; toke j8. 

7429. held] helde Ba. xiorte he adde amended] fort amendede o ; vn 
to amende fi. 

7430. i-'yolde] y)ulde C ; hii jelde B ; hi joulde o ; )>ei jelde ^. 

7431. \>at to] to B ; )>ev to a/3. 

7432. )>at he] he a)3, 

7433. iyurd] glrde j8. suerd] a suerd B. he] >at he B. were] 
Icuede B ; lyued 5 ; hilefde a ; bileuede Cj8. )pere] )>er ere S. 

7434. Ne] ova.. B ; No ^. jjc] no 7. nere] were B/3. 

7435. A'e non] pat B. iVe] om. Co;85. atte] at be Co ; atte >e j8. 
)5at] om. B. 

7436. Vnder stonde]>] & )>inche)5 o ; And )<enkej> y3. ek \)e] on J>e ojS. 
Jju/Ae] om. a/3. 

7437. no-^t kinges] kynges nought 7. kinges] kyng C. a/ one] 
one a;8. we/ more] ^ut more B; more CS ; more yxyt a; more 
>it )3. 

7438. ylc Ae] But also ;3. 

7439. Aowdenl hondes j3. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 537 

Bihinde at is rugge • of such prowesse te )?enche • 7440 
Ne ssame je no^t j^at harald • J?at euere was of luj^er 

wren die • 
& bi uore ^ou was uor suore • Jjat he wolde mid is taile • 
Tui-ne is wombe toward vs • & is face in bataile • 
Vnderstonde]? ])e suikedom • ]jat is fader & he wroitc • 
& hii }jat mid him here hey • )?o hii to dej?e brotte • 
So villiche alfred mi cosin . & my kunesmen al so • 
Hou mi^te in eny wise • More ssame be ido • 7447 
Monie ]?at dude )7ulke dede • ^e mowe her ise • fol. 109. 

Hou longe ssolle hor lu|7er heued • aboue hor ssoldren be • 
Adrawe]? ^oure suerdes • &; loke wo may do best .7450 
pat me ise ^oure prowesse • fram est to ]>e west • 
Vor to awreke ]?at gentil blod -J^at so villiche was inome- 
Of vr kunesmen vor we mowe wel • vr time is nou 

icome • 



7440. (if] on a$. suck] swuch C. i>e?iche'\ be^enche 5. 

7441. Ne ssame je] Ne schamcj) ^ou ()ow /3) C/8; Ne schame> hou a; 
Schame)>e jow 5. euere ivas'] is euere o ; is euer /8. 

7442. uor suore] versuoreB; forsworn /S. ivolde'] wole B ; dar C«5 ; ne 
daryS. 

7443. vs] )ow p. 

7444. suikedom] wyckedome 5. 

7445. mid .... be\>] bene wytli him here y. kere be]'] be|) B; bu)) 
her a ; ben here $. 

7446. villiche] villenlyche C. mtj] joure BCyS ; eure o ; o^ere 5. 
kunesmen] kinesmen o ; kynnysmen S. 

7447. in] me in 5. be] ben a. ido] do By. 

7448. Monie] Mani^e a. dude )>ulke dede] )>ulke dede dude o ; Hike 
dede dide fi. mowe] may j8. Aer] here to day B ; here bi vore 
)ou C; to fore eu her o; bi fore ^ow here j8 ; here by fore lowe 5. 
ise] ysey B ; se ^. 

7449. ssolle] schal o ; schulde )3. ssoldren] schulders /8. 

7450. Adrawe\>] Adrawe]? nou))e C ; Drawe)>e now 5 ; Ac drawe}> nou o ; 
But drawe)> now /3. loke] loke)) BCa/8 ; loke))e 5. wo] hwo 5. 
may] can 5. 

7451 . ise] se BC ; seo a : mai se /8 ; may se 5. est] j>e est BC/35 ; {>an est o- 

7452. Vor to awreke] Wote a^vrete B ; Wote awreke C ; Awreke we a/8 ; 
Now awreke 8. ];>at] J>e C/8 ; J>ys 5. villiche] fillych C. inome] 
nome y. 

7453. vr] houre B ; oure C ; eure a ; ^oure )8. kunesmeyi] kun a ; 
feynne 0, vor we] as we C5 ; as ye afi. mowe] mowen «. vr] 
for |>e afi ; fore J>e 5, j»ck.1 nQu)?e a, icome] coaio /3, 



538 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pc due nacldc no^t al ised • J^at mid ernest gret • 

His folc qiiicliche • to ]>o bataile sscet • 7455 

A suein j^at het taylcfer • smot uor]? biuoro ])er • 

& slou anon an ongliss mon • \>ai a bancr ber • 

& cf sone ano];cr baneur • & pa j^ridde almost al 

so • 
Ac horn sulf he was aslawe • ar pe dedc were ydo • 
po uerst cnde of is ost biuore • harald mid such 

ginne • 74G0 

So Jjikke sette ]7at no mon • ne mi^te come wij^inne • 
Wi}> strongs targes hom biuore • J?at archers ne dude 

horn nott • 
So ]7at normans were • nei to gi'ounde ibro^t • 
Willam bi|jottc an quointisc • & bigan to fie uaste • 
& is folc uorj? mid him • as hii were agaste • 74G5 
[362] & flowe ouer an longe dale • & so vp anhey • 
pe engliss ost was prout ynou • ]>o he )?is isey • 



7454. 7iadde'} ne hadde j8 ; had 5. ixed} seyde y. ernest] hurte o ;'hert fi. 

7455. His] Al ys B. quicUche'] -wel atyled B ; myd ernest goud y 
nou C ; mid -sTnest god ynou o ; with ernest good ynouj & ; w' ernest 
grete ynow^ 5. sscet] ne schet Coj8 ; ne schette 5. 

7456. A suein] O swain o ; O swayne j8. \>at het] \>eT was hi)t 3 ; 
there was that hight 7. \>cr] >ere B ; }'ar a. 

7457. an enc/liss] a englysse B ; on englische a. a hancr] hare baner o ; ■ 
here Baner j8. her] here B ; bar a. 

7458. efsone] eft soneCoS ; eft soone j8. ano\>cr] on o^er a. baneur] 
baner a ; bancrer Ci3 ; banerere 5. abnest] nei C ; ney a ; neije ^ ; 
nygh 5. 

7459. hom sulf] hym sulf C; him sulfa; him self fi. he] om. Ca)8. 
aslawe] slayn )8. loere ydo] him were ido a ; were fulli do ^. 

7460. uerst] f erste o. is] this 7. mid such] mid his a ; sette with /8. 

7461. So ... . vion] So hat no man for J>ikke /8. \>ikke] Hike A. 
no] non B. come] hom come C ; ham come a. wi\>inne] hem w'ynne 5. 

7462. Wi\>] And )8. biuore] bifome 7. ne] om. 5. 

7463. normans] Normandes 7 ; \>Q normanes 5. nei to] nei^e al to ^ ; 
nye alle to 7. ibroyt] brought 7. 

7464. bi\>o-^te] Jjoute a ; })OU)t /3. an] one a; on )8. quointise] 
quentyse C ; qwentise fi ; queyntise 7. bigan] gan o;8 ; ganne 7. 

7465. as] as ]?ou^ ^. 

7466. Jloive] flowen o. an] a Bo. §* so vp] &, so for}>e 5 ; op on 
hul a ; apon an hulle )3. anhey] an hei C ; on hei^e /3. 

7467. CTi^r/ess] englysse B ; englische a. os< u;a-s] men -were 3. prout] 
proute a. he] hii B ; hi Ca ; t>ei /3 ; J?ey 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 539 

& bigonne him to sprede • & after ]?en wey nome • 
pe normans were aboue \>e hul • ]>e o|;ere vpward come • 
& bi turnde horn aboue al eseliche • as it wolde be 

donward • 7470 

& ]>Q oj'ere binej'e ne mi^te no^t • so quicliche vpward • 
& hii were biuore altosprad • J?at me miite Ibitwene 

hom wende • 
pe normans were ]?o wel porueid • aboute in eche ende • 
& stones adonward slonge • vpe hom ynowe • 
& mid speres & mid flon • vaste of hom slowe • 7475 
& mid suerd & mid ax • uor hii );at vpward nome • 
Ne mi^te no wille abbe of dunt • as hii j^at donward 

come • 
& hor vantwardc was to broke • ]?at me miite wij^inne 

hom wende • 
So ]?at ]>e normans uaste • slowc in ech ende • 7479 



7468. bigonne'] gonne o. him'] ham o ; hem y. \>en wey] )>ane wey 
o ; jje weie )3. 

7469. pe] om. a;8. ahoue \>e] ope a; apon J^e /3. hul] doune BCa; 
down i8 ; don S. \>e o)>ere] Jjo J>e ou>er C ; er >c o>ere a ; or |>e oJ>er /3 ; 
and J>e o}>er y ; \>o\>(i o}>ere 5. vpward] vpard B ; opward o. 

7470. ^ . . . . eseliche] & aboue hi turnede ham aiseliche o ; And aboue 
esiliche hem turned &. eseliche] heselyche B ; eiselych C. don- 
ward] adonward B. 

7471. J>e] om. B ; \>o S. ne] om. 5. bine\>c ne miyte] byuore ne my^teB ; 
ne rajyt bi no\>e ; myght by nethe y. 7ioyt] om. o. vpward] vpard B ; 
wende vpward C ; wende opward a ; wende vpwarde fi ; wend vpward 5. 

7472. hii were] om. )8. biuore] to. fore CaS ; afore hem 0. me . . . 
hom] ne my^te bytuene hem B ; me mj^te jjoru ham a ; men horu^ hem 
myjt j8 ; men myght thurgh hem y. 

7473. i>o] so B; om. a/85. wel porueid] wel yporueide C; iporueid a; 
purueide $. aboute] aboue y. in eche] on eueriche j8, 

7474. adonward] donward a; dounward )3. vpe] op on a; vp on yS. 

7475. mid speres] speres 5 ; spere /8. mid flon] eke flon a ; also flon B ; 
also floune y. vaste] and fast $. of] on C. 

7476. ^] Bot>e j3 ; om. 5. suerd] swerdus 5. mid ax] ax eko; with 
spere 0. vpward] vpard B ; opward a. 

7477. Ne . . . dunt^ No my^t noujt wel haue here dynt /3 ; No myght 
wel haue here dynt y ; Myght not so wel haue hir dynt 5. no] non B. 

7478. vantwarde] avauntward 5. me] ne B. wi\>inne hom] Jjoru 
out a ; Jjorwj j8. 

7479. So \>at . . . slowe] & \>e normans slowe faste o/3. in] aboute in 
a ; abowte on B. ech] eche Ba. 



540 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Of ]>e englisse al uor noli - }»at ^e valeie was nci • 
As heie ifuld mid dedemen • as J^e doune an hei • 
pe ssetare donward al uor no^t • vaste slowe to gronde • 
So |7at harald jjoru J^en eie • issote was de]?es wounde • 
occisio & a kniit })at isci • ]?at he was to dej^e ibro^t • 
^^^^ ■ & smot him as he lay binej?e • & sloii him as uor 
no^t . 7485 

Fram ]?at it was amorwe • ]>c bataile ilaste strong • 
Vorte it was hei midouernon • & ]?at was somdel long • 
fol. 109 b. Moni was ]>e gode dunt • pat due willam ^ef aday • 
probitas .w. Vor ]?re stedes he slou • vnder him as me say • 7489 
Vorpriked & uor arnd aboute • & uor wounded also • 
& debruscd a^en dedemen • ar \>e bataile were ido • 
[363] & ^ut was willames grace • ];ulke day so god • 

pat he nadde no wounde war j^oru • he ssedde an drope 
blod . 



7480. }>c] om. B. I^e] om. B. 

7481. ifuld mid'] ifuld of a ; filled of /3. dedemen'] men 5. a/j hei] 
on hyc y. 

7482. ssetare] ssetares B ; schetors C ; scheoteres o ; schetcrs $ ; 
schetcres 5. donward] aboue Co5 ; om. P. al] ryjt oj8. vaste] 
donward Co ; downward fi ; dounward 5. 

7483. So] om. aP. i>eH] \>e /8. issote] shotte y. 

7484. ^a] & o o; For oo )3 ; And \>o a S. i>at] ))at hit j35. isei] 
se /3. de\)e] grounde Ba;35. ibroyt] brou^t jS. 

7485. §-] om. Co;8. Jiim] om. B. him] ora. B, as iior] al for 5. 

7486. it] \>\s C. amorwe] on h-e mome 5. ilaste] last y. strony] 
longe /3. 

7487. 'Vorte] Vorthato; Vn to )3. hei] ney B ; om. a/3. midouer- 
non] mydmorne 5. somdel] samdel B. 

7488. due] om. a/3. Y.f] >af Ca. aday] ^at dale /8 ; }>at daye 5. 

7489. 'Vor] om. afi. me say] muche folc ysay B ; }>at muche folc isai 
C ; )>at folc isay a ; ^e folke ysaie ^ ; muche folk t>ere saye 5. 

7490. 'Vorpriked] Verpryked B ; He prikede a/3. uor arnd] ver arnd 
B ; for arnde C ; arnde a ; ranne /3 ; for ron S. uor wounded] ver 
wounded B ; forwondede o ; forwoundede /8. 

7491. debrused] debrysed B ; J^ebrusede a; debrosede /3. uyn] aye 
C ; hare a ; here /3. 

7492. Sj- yut] And )itte 5; "^ut a. f/od] gode B. 

7493. nadde] hadde P ; made S. no wounde] a wonde C ; a wounde 5 ; 
wonde non a ; wounde none ;8, war ]puru] J>oru wham o ; horj 
T^fhom /3 ; thurgh y. he ssedde an drope] he schadde a drope C ; ne 
schedde a ; be schadde any /3, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 541 

pus lo |7e englisse folc • vor no^t to grounde com • 
Vor a fals king ])at nadde no ri^t • to ]?e kinedom • 
& come to a nywe louerd • ]?at more in ri^te was • 
Ac hor no>er as me may ise • in pur ri^te nas • 
& ]?us was in normannes hond • J?at lond ibro^t iwis • 
pat anaunter ^if euermo • keueringe j^er of is • 7499 
Of ]?e normans be]? heyemen • )>at hep of engelonde • 
& ]>e lowemen of saxons • as ieli vnderstonde • 
So ]?at je se]7 in eij^er side • wat ri^te ^e abbe)? j^erto • 
Ac ich vnderstonde \>Sit it was • ]7oru godes wille ydo • 
Vor ]>e wule ]?e men of J>is lond • pur he]?ene were • 
No lond ne no folc • a^en hom in armes nere • 7505 
Ac nou s\\]>]>e l?at ]>et folc • auenge cristendom • 
& wel lute wule hulde • ]>e biheste ]?at he nom • 
& turnde to sleu]?e & to prute • & to lecherie • 
To glotonie & heyemen • muche to robberie • 



7494. )>e] M a ; om. 5. folcl men $. noyt] najt B. 

7495. a] o a. nadde} hadde P ; had 5. wo] non B. i'e] om. a. 

7496. more in rhyie'] in more ry^^t $ ; more vnryuht S. 

7497. hor no\>er'} here nouther y. ise] ysey B ; see y. 

7498. normaimes hond] Normandos hondes y. \>at lond] \>e lond \>o 5. 
ibroyt] ]>o ibrout C ; >o brout o ; brought y. 

7499. anaunter] an auenture a; cuenture y. yif] >ef C; yf 5. 
euermo] ony mo 5. keueringe )>er of] keouerynge ber of C ; ^er of 
keoueringe a ; )jer of keuerynge P. 

7500. Of] And S. he\> heyemen] \>e hei^e men ben ^. heyemen] )?ys 
hey men B ; >es hei men C ; }>is heije men a ; >es hey men 5. beV] 
bene y. engelonde] ^ys lond B ; Hs londe Cafi ; >ys londe 5. 

7501. saxons] ]>e saxons Ca^S. 

7502. se\>] ysel^ C. in] on &. )e atiej^] hi habbe> Ca ; J^ei haue ^ ; 
J>ey haue S ; they hath y. 

7503. -4c] As Ba;3. vnderstonde] vien&afi. )poru]\>o\\r a. ydo] do P. 

7504. Vor i>e wule] Fore while 5. ]?e men] men afi. 

7505. iVo] Non B. ayen] ayenst 7. 

7506. \>et] om. aj3 ; J>o S. awew^e] auoug B ; vnderfeng a; vnder- 
fonge /3. 

7507. wel] om. a/3. /wie ivule] lutle while a; litel while /3. AwWe] 
hii hulde B ; helden 18. Ae] hii B ; hy C ; hit a ; J-ei ^ ; J^ey 5. 
7iom] nome B. 

7508. §•] Ac o ; But ;8. 4- to prute] & prute a; & pride fi. Sf to} 
and eke to 5 ; & to do oj8. 

7509. To] And 7. 



542 THE CHRONICLE OF 

As ]>e gostes in auision • to scint edward sedc • 7510 
Wu Jjer ssolde in engelond • come such wrocchcdc • 
Vor robberie of heiemen • vor clerken hordom • 
Hou god wolde sorwc sende • in ]>is kinedom • 
Bituenc Misselmasse & sein luc • a sein calixtes day • 
As vel in |;ulkc lere • in a saterday • 7515 

In ]>Q ^cr of grace • as it vel al so • 
A )?ousend & sixe & sixti • jns bataile was ido • 
Due willani was )?o okl • nyno «fc pritti ter • 
&5 on & ]n-itti ier he was • of normandie due cr • 
[3C4] po ]>is bataile was ydo • due willam let bringe • 7520 
Vaire is folc j^at was aslawe • an er|;e );oru alle }>inge • 
Alle ]>at wolde leue he tef • )>at is fon an erj^e bro^te • 
Haraldes moder uor hire sone • wel ierne him bisotte • 
Bi messagers & largeliche • him bed of ire )>inge • 
To granti hire hire sones bodi • an erj^e vor to 
bringfe • 7525 



7510. sedel tolde & seide fi. 

7511. Wu'] Whi Co/3; That 5. ssolde"] schuld come 8. come] om. 5. 
ivrccchedc] vrrechedhede P. 

7512. vor] and fore 5. clerken] clcrkcs Co/S ; clcrkys 5. 

7513. Ho7t] om. afi. ivolde] wol y ; wil S. in] in to a ; in to al ^8. 

7514. 3Iissel>nasse] Myhelmasse BC ; myelemasse a; Michelmassc y. 
a sein] & )3. • ' 

515. vel] ful C ; hit felle 8. in a] in one a; in oo y. 

7516. yer] yereB. vel] ful C. 

7517. A] O ay. sixe Sf sixti] sexti & sixe P. ido] do y. 

7518. Due] And due B. \>o old] of elde ;8 ; >o of age S, l>r/«j] 
Jretti C. 

7519. Sf- oTi] om, 5. Sf i>ritti] an Jretti C. normandie] mar- 
mandi^e o. 

7520. \>is] the y. 

7521. aslaive] slayue y, an er\>e] in ert>e a. ];>oru] \>o\xv u. 

7522. Alle . . . yef] And ^ef leue al J^at wolde 5, an cr);>e] in erj^c o; 
on er})e ;8 ; on yerthe y. broyte] he brout C. 

7523. wel yerne him] ry^t faire sche /8. 

7524. messayers] messangers y. largeliche] a/S ; largelyche BC ; 
largely S ; dargeliche A. bed] profred ;8 ; bede 5. of ire] 
grete 5. 

7525. gra7iti] grante B ; graunte /3, hire] om. Bo;85. sones] sone 
Bo. a7i er\>e] in er)je 0)3. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER, 543 

Willam hit sende hire vaire inou • wij^oute eny ]?ing 

ware uore • 
So ]?at it was Jjoru hire • wij? gret honour ybore • 
To ])G hous of waltham • & ibrott an er]?e p'ere • fol. no. 

In jje holi rode chirche • |?at he let him sulf rere • 
An hous of religion • of canons ywis • 7530 

Hit was l^er vaire an erj^e ibrott • as it ^ut is • 
Willam ];is noble due • j^o he adde ido al )?is • 
pen wey he nom to londone • he &; alle his • vadit 

As king & prince of londe • wi}> nobleye ynou • 7534 londome. 
Aien him wij> uair procession • J^at folc of toune drou • 
& vnderueng him vaire inou • as king of ]?is lond • 
pus com lo engelond • in to normandies hond • 
& j^e normans no couJ>e speke ]>o • bote hor owe lingua 

speche • g'^'^^^^'- 

& speke french as hii dude atom • & hor children dude 

also teche • 



7526. hit scndc hire vaire] ry^t faire sent it hure /8 ; itfaire sent to hure y. 
inou] ova. a;3. wi\>oute cnT/] wi}>outc a ; with owten /3. 

7527. ])oru] J)our C. ybore] bore y. 

7528. To] In y. ibroyt] brought y. an cr\>a] in erj^e a ; on 
er)>e /8. 

7529. )>a< . . . sulf] him sulf j^at he let o; J>at him self lete fi. rere] 
arere C. 

7530. A71] On a ; One y. ca7io7is] canons J>at is a ; canowns J^at is fi ; 
Chanons that is 7. 

7531. |>er vaire] vayre B,; faire ^er a; ry^t faire P. an er)>e ihroyt] in 
erjje ibrout a ; broujt in erj^e )3. as] \>qv as fi. 

7532. Willam] \>o willam a; Whenne William j8. \>o he] om. aj3. 
ido] do ;8. 

7533. Ven] pane a ; The /8. nom] toke j35. his] this y. 

7535. uair] om. afi. \>atfolc] ]>e folk 5. toime] J>e ton 5; the 
towne y. 

7536. vnderueng] vnderuonge B ; vnderfeng a ; vnderfonde ; vnder- 
fonge y. 

7537. com lo] lo come 5. normaiidies] normannes BCa; normanes 5 
Normans ;3. hond] honde B. 

7538. 8f \>e] om. a^. cou\>e] cowde ;8. speke J?o] speche J>an ;8 
speke Jjan y. 

7539. ^] Ac Ca5 ; But $. speke] om. afi. french] frenchs o 
frenynch C ; Franche )3 ; frenshe y. hii] om. B. atom] at 
hom o ; at home 5. Sf] om. oj8. dude also] bo ded 5. 



544 THE CHRONICLE OF 

So j)at heiemen of ]ns lond • J^at of hor blod come • 
Holdc]> alle ]mlke speclie • J^at hii of horn nome • 7541 
Vor bote a man conne frenss • me tel)? of him lute • 
Ac lowe men holde)> to engliss • & to hor owe speche 

tute • 
Ich wene J^er ne he]> in al ) e world • contreyes none • 
pat ne holdej? to hor owe speche • bote engelond 

one • 7545 

Ac wel me wot nor to conne • bo|>c wel it is • 
Vor ]>Q more |>at a mon can • |;c more wurj^e he is • 
[367] pis noble due willam • him let crouny king • 
Coronacio. ^^ londone amidwinter day • nobliche ]?oru alle j'ing • 
Of ]>e erchebissop of euerwik • aldrcd was is name • 
per nas prince in al )'c world • of so noble fame '7551 



7540. ofhorhlo(l'\ ofboldeS. 

7541. Holdc)>'] llolden )8. ]>«/Ae] that y. 

7542. bote'] if )3 ; bot \f 5. a] o o. conne] cout>e B ; can no /3. 
frenss] frenysch C ; frenchs a ; franche /3 ; frenshe y. telY] tclk}' o ; 

toljj B ; telle ^5. lute] wel lute Ba ; wel lyte C5 ; ry^t lite /8. 

7543. to] om. o;8. eiujliss] englischs a. ^ to] to C ; om. aj3. 
oice] kuncle Ba ; kynde )85. yde] )ite fi. 

7544. J>er ne . . . world] \>ev ne be man in world B ; in be world ne bu)> o ; 
in ]?e world ne is ;8. world] worle C. co7itrei/es] loud nc 
coutrei)es a ; londe nei}>er countrey /3. 

7545. 7ie] he ne )3; men nc C5. to hor oive] to her kunde B; hare 
kunde o ; hore kunde C ; hor kynde 5 ; his kynde 0. one] nou one a ; 
now one P. 

7546. wel me ivot] men wote wel)8 ; men woteth wel y. uor] om. oj8, 
wel] good j3. 

7547. i>e] so a. i>at a mon ca7i] )>at o man kon a; men conne )3. \>e 
more] so more a. wuj])e he is] he wor> is o ; he is wor)>i C ; is he 
worthe ywys S ; |jei ben wor^'i I wis j6. 

7548. pis . . . willam] Williiui bis noble duk (due a) Co; William )>is 
(the 7) noble Duke fiy ; William Jjys noble due 5. crouny] 
crowne y. 

7549. At ... . day] A midewinteres day at londone o; Apoii myd- 
wynter dale at Londouii j8. a midwinter] a mydwynters C. nobliche] 
faire afi. 

7550. \>e] om. B. 

7551. nas] ne was /3. al K'] alHs a ; Ms /3. world] worle C ; londe 
worlde fiy (londe dotted for erasure in ^). 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 545 

Of ]?e heyemen of \)e lond • ]?at hii ne ssolde a^en Obsides. 

biturne • 
He esste ostage strong inou • & hii ne ssolde no^t wurne • 
Ac toke him ostage god • at is owe wille • 
So ])at tif eny a^en him was • huld him ]>o sfille • 
^if toward edgar a}7eling • eni is herte drou • 7556 
pat was kunde eir of )?is lond • him huld ]?o stille ynoii • 
So }>at 1^0 J?is edgar • wuste al hou it was • fuga edgar 

pat him nas no \>mg so god • as- to feky cas . f&j'toJo- 

His moder & is sostren tiio • mid him sone he nom • mm. 
To wende aten to ]>e lond • fram wan he er com • 75 Gl 
A wind ]?er com ]>o in J7e se • & drof hom to scotlonde • scocia. 
So l^at after betere wind • hii moste ]>ere at stonde • 
Macolom king of J^e lond • to him sone hom drou • 
& vor ]?e kunne fram wan hii come • honoured hom 

ynou . 7565 



7552. of'pe'] of Ijjs B5 ; of J>is a$. ayen'} ajen hym BC ; ajen him a$ ; 
a^enst him 5. biturne'] turne BCa)35. 

7553. He esste] Hii esste B ; i>e heiste C ; He eschste a ; He asked y. 
hii] me B. 7ie ssolde] ne dorste hym BC ; ne dorste o ; ne durst 
him P ; ne dorst him 5. noyt] om. 5. wurne] werne ^5. 

7555. was] were 5. 

7556. edgar] Edward 5. a);>elin(j] adelyng B. 

7557. eir] eier /3 ; heir y. of \>is lond] ynou^ fi. him huld >o] huld 
hym (him o) Ba ; he huld hym C ; J'ci helde hem ^ ; he held him 5. 
1/nou] Jjou) P ; ynough y. 

7558. ]>o] om. C. waste] ysey B ; isei Ca ; sawe ^5, al hou] hou 
al C ; howe al y. 

7559. pat . . . god] Thow^t hit was noon so good p. 7ias] was S. 
to feky cas] to fie J>e cas B ; to fle in \>ys cas 5 ; to siki pais a- to se 
paas J3 ; the see to paas y. 

7560. sostren] sistren 5; sustres 3; susteres y. 

7561. )>e] J>at a^. wan] wha o ; whom /8 ; whome y. tvan he er 
com] when )>at he come 5. 

7562. \>o in J>e se] in )>e se J>o C. hom] hym B ; him y. to] in to $. 

7563. hii moste] i>ei must abide $. at stojide] astonde P. 

7564. Macolom] Macolon B ; Macoloj-n C. ]>e lond] Sccttlond 5. 
to him sone hom drou] to ham sone adrou a ; to hem soone drouj $ ; to 
him sone he drou^ 5. 

7565. Sf] om. afi. hmne] kunde C. fram wan hii come] of was hii 
come B ; of wha hi come o ; of wham hi come C ; )>at \>e\ come of P ; 
l>at he of come 5. honoured] honourede B ; onourede a. hom] him 5. 

M M 



)4G 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Sponsacio 
Margaretc 

fol. 110 b. 

[368] 
Ortus 
matilde 
rcgine. 



Dacio 
tenarum 
nomianno- 
rum. 



So I'at ^e gocle Margaretc • as is willc to com • 

pc eldore sostcr of ]>c tuo • in spoiisliod he nom • 

Bi hire he addc an doiter su|))>c • |>e godc quene 

mold • 
pat quene was of engelond • as me &]> er ytold • 
pat goderhele al engelond • was heo euere yborc • 7570 
Vor ]?oru hire com suj>];e engelond • in to kunde more • 
In ]?e ^er of grace a )jousend • & sixti J>er to • 
King Macolom spousede • Margaretc so • 
Ac king willam )?erbiuore • aboute an tuo ^er • 
Wendc aten to normandie • fram wan lie com er • 
As in ]>e verste tere • J'at he ueng is kinedom • 757G 
Ac sone aien to engelond • a sein nicolas day he com • 
& kni^tes of bi^onde se • & o))er men al so • 
He 2ef londes in engelond • ]>&i littlichc come j^cr to • 
pat znte hor eirs holde}^ • alonde monion • 7580 

&; deseritede moni kundemen • j^at he huld is fon • 



soster'] om. B. W <mo] ho two $. spous- 



aw] 



7566. So'] om. a0. 

7567. eldore'] vldere a. 
hod] spousehede y. 

7568. Bi hire he] And by hyre B ; & bi hure Co0 ; And by her 5. 
one a; 00 7. swj>j5e] om. afi. 

7569. pat quene was] pat se)>}>e was quene o ; And sithen was qwenc /8. 
ytold] tolde 7. 

7570. Vat yoderhele] pat gouderhele to C ; pat to goderhele o ; pat to 
goderhele to ;3 ; For to good hele to 5. ybore] bore 7. 

7571. \>oru] hour o. com su)>\>e] com o; come y3 ; seth come 5. in 
to] sej>he in to a ; sithe in to /3. kunde] he kunde BC ; he ryght 5. 

7572. a] o a ; 00 7. sixt'i] seuenty C ; seuenti a)35. 

7573. spousede] so spousede y3. so] ho &. 

7574. Ac] BCo5 ; But j8 ; At A. \>erhiuore] han her fore )3. aboute 
an tuo] abowten a two )3. 

7575. fram] from 7 ; fro 5, wan] wha o ; whome 7 ; whan C5. 

7576. he] om. B. ueng] feng o ; auong B ; avenge C ; fongc 7. 
is] he Ca ; his )3. 

7577. sone a-^en'] ajen sone BC ; ajeyn sone 5. a sein] on seynt 7. 

7578. biyonde] bijende C. se] he se )3. o]>er] ohere o. 

7579. xef] jaue hem j8. lixtliche come her to] he lyjtly come to )9. 

7580. pat \ute] And ^ut )3. alonde] on londe )3. 

7581. deseritede] disherede )3. moni] om. a)3. kundemen] kynde 
men /3. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 547 

So ]>2bt ]>e mestedel of heyemen • J^at in engelond be)? • 

Be]? icome of J>e normans • as ^e nou isej? • 

& men of religion • of normandie al so • 

He feffede here mid londes • & mid rentes al so • 7585 

So ]?at vewe contreies • be]? in engelonde • 

pat monekes nabbe]? of normandie • somwat in hor 

honde • 
King willam bi )?otte him ek • of pe folc )?at was iior 

lore • 
& aslawe ek born him • in be bataile biuore • 7589 leuacio 

' > abbatie. 

& ]>ere as pe bataile was • an abbeye he let rere • [369] 

Of sein Martin uor hor soiilen • J^at jjere aslawe were • 

& ]?e monekes wel inoii • feffede wi]?oute fayle • 

pat is icluped in engelond • abbey of ]?e batayle • 

pe abbeye al so of cam • he rerde in normandie • 

Of seinte steuene pat is nou • ich wene a nomierye f 

He broite vp moni o]?er hous • of religion also • 759G 

To bete })ulke robberie • j^at him ]?o^te he adde ydo • 

& erles eke & barons • ]?at he made here also • 

Poite ]7at hii no come no^t • mid gode ri^te per to 



abbatie. 



7382. So }>a<] om. a0. heyemen'] hor men S. he\>'\ bene y. 

7583. Be)) icome'] Been come jS. of] now of 5. ise);>] sene 7. 

7585. He] And /3. Sf mid rentes al so] & rentes her to C ; and rentys 
>er to S ; & rentes eke \>cv to a ; And rentes here her to /3. 

7586. vewe] new 5. in] in alle /8. 

7587. nabbe])] no hauelj/S; nowe haiTeth7; habbej)e 5. somwat] 
somhyng B ; rentes CajS ; rentis S. hor honde] oj^er londe (lond a) 
Ca)3 ; oj'ere londe 5. 

7588. e/e] also )3. 0/ )>e] of hat Ca/3 ; of Hlk S. uor lore] 
verlore B ; forlorne 7. 

7589. aslawe] slayne y. ek] also j8. \>e] om. B. biuore] 
byforne y. 

7590. ^] om. B. an abbeye] on abbey a ; an churche C. 

7591. hor] be o)3. soulen] soules Baj85. aslawe] slayne "> 

7593. icluped] callid 7. abbey] }>e abbey 5. \>e] om. ;85. 

7594. al so of cam] of came also B. 
7.595. a] 00; oon 7. 

7596. ho7ts] houses 5. 

7597. bete] bote 7. he adde ydo] that he hadde do 7. 

7598. eke ^] & a^ ; & eke 5. 

7599. ne] om. /35. 

M lil 2 



548 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Hii rerde abbeis & priories • vor hor sunnes ]>o • 7G00 
As teoskesburi & oseneye • & aboute oj^er mo • 
Mores .w. King willam was to mildemen • deboncrc ynou • 

Ac to men ]:'at him wi|> sedc • to alio sturnhede he 

drou • 
In chirchc he was deuout inou • vor him ne ssolde no 

day abide - 
pat he ne hurde masse & matines • & euesong & ech 

tide . 7G05 

So var}? monye of ]>is heyemen • in chirchc mo may 

ysc . 
Knely to god as hii wolde • al quic to him tie • 
fol. 111. Ac be hii arise &; abbe|> iturnd • fram ]>o weued hor 

wombe • 
Wolues dede hii nime]^ vor]; • pat cr dude as lombe • 
[370] Hii to di'awej? ]?e sely bonde men • as hii wolde hom 

hulde ywis • 70 10 

pey me wepe & crie on hom • no mercy per nis • 



7 GOO. sunnes'] synne fi. 

7601. teoskesbHri'] teokesbury B ; theokesbury C ; teukesburi o; Tewes- 
bury y. oseiietje'] oseny^e o ; osenay 7. o]>cr'] mony B ; maniac o ; 
many C^S. 

7602. King'] om. o. was] om. 8. dehmiere] debonere was 5. 
ynoti] euere ynoii o ; euer ynou^ )8. 

7604. chirche] the chirchc 7. vor] om. aj8. ne] om. ^. no] 
non B. 

7605. he ne hurde] he harde /3. masse ^- matines] matins & masse 5. 
Sf euesong] & eueson B ; euesong o ; euensonge fi. ^] at 7. ech] 
eche Ba ; euery S. 

7606. var\>] fare> o; fari}> $. of\>is] >ys B; om. a$. ysc] see 7. 

7607. Knely to god] KneleJ> to god C ; Kneuli^e}' o; Thei knele /3. al 
quic to him] to hym al quyk C ; al quik to gode a ; to god al qwycke 0, 

7608. arise] rysen fi. abbe];>] habbe C ; om. aff. iturnd] turned /3. 
weued] Auter ;8. wombe] face /3. 

7609. dede] dedes )3 ; dedis 5. nime]>] take /35. dude as lombe] dude 
of lombe Ca ; ded of lombe 5 ; dide lombes trace 0. 

7610. to drawe])] to drawe ^8. >e] om. afi. bonde me7i] lond men C ; 
men afi. hii wolde hom hulde] wolde hem hulde B ; hi ham wolde 
hulde a ; hei hem hulde wolde j8. ywis] om. B. 

7611. pey me] Thou^ }>ei /3. wepe Sj- crie] crye & wepe P. no] 
non B. \>er nis] on hem schulde 0. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 549 

Vnnel^e was ]?er eni hous • in al normandie • 
Of religion as abbey • ojjer priorie • 
pat king willam ne feffede • here in engelonde • 
Mid londes oj'er mid rentes • j^at hii abbe)? here an 
honde • 7615 

As me may wide aboute • in moni contreye ise • 
Ware J'oru )?is lond nede mot • J^e pouerore be • 
King willam adde ispoiised • as god ^ef ]7at cas • 
pe erles dotter of flaundres • mold hire name was • 
Sones hii adde to gadere • <& do^tren bo]?e tuo • 70 20 
As roberd j^e courtehese • »fc willam ]>e rede king al so • 
Henry ]>e gode king • was ^ongost of echon • 
Dottren he adde al so • cecile het ]?at on • 
pe eldoste ]?at was at cam • nonne & abbesse • 
Constance ]>e oj^er was • of brutayne contesse • 7G25 
pe erles wif alein • adele ^ongost was • 
To steuene bleis ispoused • as god ^ef ]?at cas • 
&; bi him adde ek an sone • steuene was is name • 
pat su]?]7e was king of cngelond • & endede mid ssame • 

7613. abbey'] of abbeyc a ; of Abbaie /3. o\>er'\ o]?cr of a ; or y. 

7614. nc] om. y. m] on fi. 

7615. o]>cr mid'] oJ>era; and ^. abbc\> here] abbe)) )ut B; habbejj 
^ut Ca ; haue )it /3 ; haue ^itte 5. a?/] on afi. 

7616. moni] mani^e a. 

7617. )>is] \>e /8. ncde mot] mod nede a ; mote ncde j8. pouerore] 
pouerore )iit o; pouerer jit j8 ; pourer yit y. be] ybe y. 

7618. ispoused] spousede 7. as god yf] a goud wif C. \>at'] \>c a. 

7620. to gadere] to gidre 7. doytren bo\>e] doutren also a ; doujttres 
also /3. 

7621. As] om. afi. )>e] om. oj85. co?<r<e/jese] courtehouse o ; 
Curtaise fi. 

7623. Doytren] Dou)ttres )8. he adde] hi hadden o ; >ei hadde ^8. 
cecile] cecyly B ; cecili «. 

7624. eldoste] vldeste a ; eldest C. cam] came B ; Canne 5. abbesse] 
abbasse ay. 

7625. contesse] contasse a; Comitasse y. 

7626. pe] pes a. adele -yOngost] of al ;ongist 5; aire jongeste a ; 
Alther jongest &. 

7627. bleis] Jjc bloys C ; Bloyes 7, ispoused] spoused 7. 

7628. ek] om. ay35. an] ane a; one j8. was] -was ek o; was eke C5; 
was also /3. 

7629. of] in oyS. ssame] gret schatne C. 



550 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



SCOttl. 



[371] 



duentus 
daaorum. 



Mixtio 
scottorura 
& dano- 
rum. 



Macolom king of scotlond • & edgar a]'eling • 7630 

pat best kimde in cngelond • adde to be king • 
Hulde horn euere in scotlond • & poer to horn nomo • 
To worri vpc king willam • wanne god time come • 
& gi'ct compainie of hcyemen • here in engelonde • 
pat ne loucde nozt king willam • were ]>o in scotlonde • 
Vor king Macolom vnderueng • j?at a^cn king willam 

were • 7C3G 

& drou hom to him in scotlond • & susteinede horn j^ere • 
Vor edgar is wiucs broj^er • was kimdc cir of )'is londe • 
So ]>Sit liii adde of bo}>e j'c londes • gret poeir sone 

anhonde • 
Ar king willam adde ibc king • vollichc )>rc ^cr • 7G40 
pat folc of dcnemarch • J)at j^is lond worrcde cr • 
GreiJ'ede hom mid gret poer • as hii dude er ilome • 
&; mid |?re hondred ssipuol men • to engelond hii come • 
Hii ariuede in J?e norj; contreye • & edgar aj^eling • 
& king Macolom were ]>o • glade }?oru alle }>ing • 7545 



7630. Macolom'] Macolon B. 

7631. in engelond adde'] hadde in Engelonde fi. 

7632. horn] oni. y. 

7633. worri vpe] werre vpon y. yod] best 5. 

7634. gret] om. o ; one 0. heyemen] gode men a ; good men yS. here'] 
om. B. in] of Coj35. 

7635. ne] om. i35, 

7636. "Vor king] & ajS. Macolom] Macolon B. vndcruony] alle 
vnderuong B ; alle vnderfeng Ca ; alle vndirfenge 5 ; alle liem vndcr- 
fonge ;8 ; hem alle vnderfonge y. a-s^en] aje Ca. 

7637. to him] om. a^. in] into a/85. 

7638. kunde] kunder C. \>is] |>e y3. 

7639. hii .... anhonde] hi of bojje londes gret pouer hadde on liondc a ; 
power of bojje londes )>ei hadde bol^e on honde /3. )pe] om. S. 

7640. king willam] willam a. adde ibe] hadde be y. 

dcnemarcli] denemarch hurde C. \>is 

worredc] yworred hadde a ; ywerred 
er] her C ; ere /3. 

poer] ost j3. 
to] Into 5 ; towarde ;8. engelond] \ns 



7641. Vat] Thes 5; om. a/3. 
lond] J>ys londe B ; here 5. 
hadde |8 ; had worred 5. 

7642. Grei)>ede] Grathed y. 

7643. men] of men 5. 
londe afi. 

7644. Hii] And ^ ; They S. 
Northcuntree y. 

7645. J>o glade] glad J^an /S. 



\>e norjj contreye] Northcuntre j8 ; the 



KOBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 551 

To horn hii come at homber • mid poer of scotlond • 

& were alle at o conseil • to worri engelond • 

Hii worrede al nor]?homberlond • &; uor)? euere as hii fol. in b. 

come • 
So |?at ])e toun of eiierwik • & |?e castel ek hii nome • 
& monye heyemen al so • of j^e contreie abouto • 7G50 
So ]?at |?et folc binor]7e • ne dorste nour at route • 
& l^o hii adde al iwomie • ]>e contreie J^er bi side • 
Hii ne come no uer sou]? ward • ac ]>er hii gonne abide • 
Bi tuene ]>e water of trente • & of ouse al so • 
pere hii leuede in hor poer • vorte winter were ido • 
pe king willam abod is time • vorte winter was al fugacio 

. hr/i ^p horiun 

oute . 70 oO p^., p^ -J 

& ]>o com he mid gi'et poer • & mid so gi'et route • 
pat hii nadde no poer • a^en him uor to stonde • [372] 

Ac lete ]>e king ]>e maistrie • & flowe to scotlonde • 

7646. poer'] >e poer B ; t>e power C ; ]>Q powere 5. 

7647. o] om. B ; on C. worri'] werry C ; wcrre apoii j8 ; werrc 
vpon y. 

7648. worrede] robbede Co ; robbed /35. uor];>] nor> C. euerc] 
om. 3. 

7649. cA] om. afi. 

7650. §• monyc . . . . al so] And i>e hei)e men also manye fi. aboute] 
)3er aboute Ca ; Ijer abowte 5. 

7651. \>et folc] \>e folc a; \>o folk 5; H folke Kr /3; \>q folke al 7. 
binor\>e] byuore B ; byfore 5. nour] nowliar C0 ; nowar a. at 
route] aroute o ; aro^te 5 ; rowte ^. 

7652. Sf] om. oj8. al] om. /8. iwonne] wonne /3. contreie] 
cuntreies al fi. 

7653. ne] om. 5. uer] fer o ; fer)jer /S. 

7654. Sf of ouse] & ouse C ; & of house a ; & J>e water of Owse P. 

7655. pere] Where /3. leuede] byleuede B; bi leued C^; bilefde o; 
byleued 5. in] with $. vorte] vort a ; vn to 0. were] 
was C5. 

7656. pe] om. afiS. king] om. 0/8. aiod] abowte ^. i;or<e] 
vort a ; when j3. al cute') gon owte ^. 

7657. com he] he come 7. ^re<] such Ba ; suche C^5. so gret] 
suche 5. 

7658. nadde] ne hadde /3 ; hadde 5. jjo] non B. him] om. ^. 
uor to stonde] vort astonde o. 

7659. Ac] Sea; And /3. lete] lefte i3. be Ami?] J'e baue 5. 
^owe] flowen )35. <o] in to 5. 



552 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Destruccio & hom to hor owe lond • ))e dcneis flowc ate • 76G0 
iuxta p6 king destruede ]>e contreie • al aboiite j^e se • 
mare. Of frut & of cornc • ]?at )?er ne bileuedc noit • 

Sixti mile fram ]?e se • J>at nas to groimde ibrott • 
& al ]?at |?e deneis • no mete ne founde ])ctc • 
Wanne hii come to worri • &; so ]>o feblore were • 
So ]^at ^ute to J?is day • Muche lond ])ct is • 7GG6 

As al wast & vntuled • so it was ]'o destrued ywis • 
King willam adauntede • )jat folc of walls • 
& made hom bere him truage • & bi bote him k> 
his • 
obitus pe seue)?e ^er of is kinedom • an alle soule day • 7070 
reginc. ^^ qucne mold is wif dcidc • )>at er longe sik lay • 
[373] In J^e ^er of grace a )?ousend • & seuenti & }?re • 
Anon in )7ulke sulue ^ere • as it wolde be • 
quesicio de pc king willam uorto Avite • ])q wiir); of is londe • 
terre^ Let enqueri streitliche • J^oru al engclonde • 7075 



7660. Sf hom] & hem B ; And also 5. 

7662. frut Sf of cornc'] cornc & of froitc )8 ; come & of fruytc 7. ^-j 
om. C5. Jic] om. 5. bileuedc'] lefdc o; leuedc rj-jt fi ; lefte 
right 7. 

7663. fram] fro & ; from 7. \>at nas] hit was 5. ibro-t^t] 
brought 7. 

7664. cV al] So y3. no] non B. ne] >ei ^ ; om. 5. founde]- 
fouuden 5. 

7665. worri] werry 7. §" so] & se C ; hat hi o ; }>at hei fi. were] 
J>ey were 5. 

7666. to] in to S. 

7667. vntuled] vntyled C ; vnteled o. so] as Cafi. \>o destrued] 
(lestrud a ; destroied /3 ; distruyd \>o S. 

7668. adauntede] dauntede C. i>at] )>o 5. of] al of a ; alle of S ; so 
of ;8 ; of al C. 

7669. bere] to bere 5. ^- bi hate him] & be holde to him a ; & be bonde 
to him /8 ; both to him S. ^- his] and to al his 5. 

7670. seuei>e] seuede o; seuen)> /8 ; seuen 7. a?j] on $. alle] om, 
C. so7de] soulene Ca ; soulen 5. 

7671. er longe sik] longe syk er o; longe sike ere 5. cr] om. j8. cr 
longe] wel longe er B ; longe ei C 

7672. /n] As in C. a] o a ; 00 7. ^ seuenti] & om. 7-. 

7674. pe] om. 7. is] om. B. 

7675. enqueri] enquere 7. i>oru] throute S, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 553 

Hou moni plou lond • & hou moni hiden al so • [374] 

Were in euerich ssire • & wat hii were wiir]? ];er to • 

& \>e rentes of ech toun • & of J?e wateres echone • 

pet wor|? & of wodes ek • J^at lf>er ne bileuede none • 

pat he nuste wat hii were wor]? • of al engelonde • 7680 

& wite al clene j^at worj? • per of ich vnder stonde • 

& let it write clene ynou • & J^at scrit dude iwis • 

In ]>Q tresorie at westmunstre • p»ere it tut is • 

So J?at vre kinges su]?])e • wanne hii raunson toke • 

Iredy wat folc mitte tiue • hii founde )?ere in hor 

hoke • 7G85 

per was bi king willames daye worre & sorwe inou • Mala terre. 
Vor no mon ne dorste him wi)?segge • he wrotte muche 

wou • 
To horn j?at wolde is wille do • debonere he was & milde • fol. 112. 
&i to horn ]?at wij>sede • strong tirant & wilde • 



7676. moni'] manije o. hou mojii'] eke a0, hidcn'] hydes 5. 

7677. euerich} cueryche B ; echo o/3. hii were'] om. oj8. 

7678. \>e] om. B. rentes] stentes C. ech] eche a. of\)e] \>e B. 
]pc] om. Co/3. 

7679. pet] & J>e aj8 ; The S. Sf] om. aj8. wodes] l>e wodys 5. 
ek] also /3. 7ie bileuede] ne leued S ; nerc lefde a ; were bileued /8. 

7680. pat] Bot 5. nuste] wuste BCo ; ne wiste ; wist 5. wat hii 
were] what o; )>e /3. of] J>orwj 0. of a I engelonde] & so vnder- 
stonde BCa ; and so vnderstonde 5. 

7681. omitted in /3. t>a< . . . stonde] omitted in B. ]>at] \>q S. j^er 
of ich vnder stonde] of al engelonde C ; of alle Englonde 5 ; Jiorii al 
engelonde a. 

7682. §' . . • clene] omitted in B. clene ynou] in a boke )8. \>at scrit 
dude iwis] sithe put hit I wis )3. scrit] wryt B ; writ C« ; wrytte 5. 

7683. tresorie] tresoure /3. at] of/3; in 5. westmwistre] -wesi- 
myster C. \>ere] J>ere as BC ; l^er as a;35. 

7684. kinges] kynge S. wanne hii] when J>at \>e\ /3. 

7685. Iredy] Aredy C ; Al redi /S. wat] wist what 0. yue] paie /3. 
hii] om. C5. \>ere in hor] in jjulke a ; in })ilke /8. 

7686. worre] wop a; wepe 0; wo 5. worre §• sorwe] sorowe and wepey. 

7687. Vor] om. a/S. no] non B. ne] om. CayS. dorste him] 
hym durste C. Am wi);>segge] v;y\> segge him a ; with say him /8. 
muche] so muche 5. wou] o ; wou^ )3 ; wowj 5 ; w wou A ; wj)> wo 
B ; myd wou C. 

7688. was] wolde be 0. 

7689. §•] om. afi. \>at] >at hym BC ; bat him afio. tirant'] 
tyraund C. 



foresta. 



554 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Wo so come to esse him ri^t • of eni trespas • 7690 
Bote he payde him ]>q bet • ]>q wors is ende was • 
[375] & j^e more vnrizt mc ssolde him do • ac among o)7ere 
na]7eles • 
pom out al engelond • he huld wel god pes • 
Vor me mitte here bi is daye • & lede hardeliche • 
Tresour aboute & o]?er god • oueral aperteliche • 7G95 
In wodes tfe in o]^er studes • so )>at no time nas • 
pet pes bet isusteined • ];an bi his time was • 
Nona Game of houndes he louede inou • & of wilde best • 

& is forest & is wodes • & raest ]>e niwe forest • 7699 
pat is in sou)^hamtessire • vor ]?ulke he louede inou • 
& astorede wel mid bestes • & lese mid gret wou • 
Vor he caste out of house & hom • of men a gret route • 
& binom hor lond ^e ]?ritti mile • & more ]>eT aboute • 
& made it al forest & lese • ]>e bestes uor to fede • 
Of poueremen deserited • he nom lutel hede • 7705 

7690. esse'] esche C ; essche a; aske y. trespas^ kunnes trespas o; 
skynnes ^inge $ ; kynnes thinge y. 

7691. bef] better )3. is ende teas'] was his endinge P. 

7692. §•] om. o ; For )3. him do'] do hym B. ac] hac B. 

7693. out] om. 5, icel] ry^t P. god] goddys S. 

7694. me] om. y. here bi is daye] bi his dai^e here a ; by his daie 
here ^ ; by his dayes here y. 

7695. Tresour] tresous C. 

7696. no] non B. 

7697. omitted in 5. 'pel] om. a/8. bet isusteined] better kept & sus- 
teyned $. ]>an] >at A (originally) B. was] hit ^Yas C. 

7698. miom] wel 5. wilde] the wj'lde y. 

7699. ^ is forest Sf is tvodes] & eke wodes & forestes o; And also woddes 
& forestes fi. forest] forestes C5. 7nest] moste y. 

7700. sou];>hamtessire] southampschire 5. )f>ulke he] he >ulke B. 

7701. astorede] astored yt B; astored hit j35; astorede him a. lese 
mid gret wou] lesow he ^af i^er to 5. 

7702. house ^ hom] hom & hous B. hom] of home C. of men] of 
hys men B ; men C. a] om. BC«y85. 

7703. Sf binom . . . mile] pat J^ritti mile binom hare lond ; ThatJ)ritty 
myle bynome here londe )3. lond] londes C. 

7704. it al] om. o;3. i>e] J>o5. 

7705. Of poueremen'] Of pouereme A ; Of poure men C ; Pouere men a ; 
Pore men j8. deserited] he desheritede a ; he dishereted $ ; to diseryte 
5. he nam] & nom a ; and toke /3 ; he toke 5. lutel] fol lutel o ; 
fill Utel )8. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 565 

peruore ]?erinne wel • mony mis cheuing • 7706 

& is sone was J^er inne issote • willam ]fe rede king • 

«fe is sone ]7at het richard • catte J?er is dej> al so • 

& richard is o neueu • brec ]>ere is nekke ]?er to • 

As he rod an honte]? • &; par auntre is hors spurnde • 

pe vmi^t ido to poueremen • to such mesaunture turnde • 

Wo so bi king willames daye • slou hert o]?er hind* [376] 

Me ssolde pulte out bo]?e is eye • & makye him pur 

blind . 
Heyemen ne dorste bi is day • wilde best nime noit • 
Hare ne wilde swin • J^at hii nere to ssame ybrott • 
per nas so heymon non • J'at him enes wij> sede • 7716 
pat me ne ssolde him take anon • & to prison lede • 
Monye heyemen of J?e lond • in prison he huld strong • 
So )7at muchedel engelond • J?o^te is lif to long • 

7706. ]>eritine'] wyj^ynne B. wel'] vel BC ; fel a ; felle yS. mony'] 
mani^e a ; many a /3. 

7707. if] ful & C ; om. a)3. sone . . . issote] o sone )>erynn was 
schotte S. issote] shotte y. 

7708. Sf his o sone] His o^er sone a$. o] om. BC5. het richard] 
ricliard het a; Richard hi)t B. 

7709. 7710. omitted in 0y. 

7709. o neueu] oj'cr B. a] owe C ; on S. brec] vor brec B ; 
brak a. nekke] nek C. J^er to] atuo B ; a to Co ; atwo 5. 

7710. a7i honte\>] an honted C ; on hontelj «; an huntynge 5. par 
auntre is hors] his hors par auentur C ; his hors a ; his hors par- 
auntre 5. spurnde] spurde B. 

7711. pe vnriyt . . . turnde] For J^e vnry^t do to pore men suche mys 
chef come him to /8. such] suche B ; swuch C. mesa^inture] 
mysauntre B ; mesauenture a ; myschaunce )3. 

7712. willames] William /3. slou] slowe a. hert o]?er] outher 
herte or y. o\>er] \>Qve or 5. 

7713. pulte] putte y^. ho}pe his eye] his ei^en afi ; his eyen y ; his 
\)o\>e eyes 5. makye] make By. 

7714. Heyemen] Men a& ; His men 5. lie dorste] ne derst C ; ne diirst 
no^t )3 ; dorst not 5. best] beste ay ; bestes ^. nime] neme C ; take )85. 

7715. Hare] Here /8. nere] ne were /3. ssame] deth 5. ybroyt] brought y. 

7716. nas] was /3S. so] om. S. enes] ones aS. 

7717. anon ^] and anon o; & anone )3; anone y. lede] hym lede C; 
rede y. 

7718. \>e lond] Engelond /3. huld] helde y. strong] stronge a. 

7719. engelond] of engelond C; of Englonde 5. i>oyte] J>ou^ten 5. 
long] longe a. 



556 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Bissopes & abbodes were • to is wille echon • 7720 
Coronacio & lit" ]?at cni him wraj>])cdc • adoiin he was anon • 
aimol. P^'^ ^^'^ ^^ ^^^' croiine ater • to midewinter at glou- 
cestre • 
To witesonctid at westmunstrc • to ester at wincestre • 
pulke festes he wolde • holdc so nobliche • 
WiJ> so gret prute & wast • tSs so richeliche • 7725 

fol. 112 b. pat wonder it was wenene it com • ac to siistcini such 
nobleye • 
He destruede J?at poiiere folc • & nom of horn is 

preye • 
So ]>at he was richo him sulf • & j^at lond poucre al 

out • 
Sturne he was ];oru out al • & heiuol & prout • 
Sui}>e l^ikke mon he was • &> of gi'ete strengjje • 7730 
Gret wombede & ballede • tfc bote of cuene lcng)?e • 
So stif mon] he was in armes • in ssoldren & in 
lende • 
fortitudo. pat vnnej^e enimon • mitte is bowe bende • 



[377] 



statura 
eius. 



7720. abbodes'] abbates B ; abbotes Ca^5. ivere'] om. BCa;85. to is 
wille'] to his wille he made Ca/Sfi. 

7721. ])at] ova. y. him] om. y3. adoun] downe /3. 

7722. ]irc s?>e] Thries j8. ber] bar a ; bare )3. to] at 5. 

7723. witesonetid] witsontyd C. westmunstre] 'westmyster C. to] 
at C5. wincestre] winchestre a. 

7724. X>ulke] Ve o; Thise fi. wolde holde] holde with ryalte )8, 
772.5. gret prute] noble pride /8, ^ so] & J^er to so ^. 

7726. it was] om. a. wenene] wanene B ; -whannen C ; whar hannc a ; 
whens ^ ; whan euer S. ac] om. ajS. to] om. C. susteini 
such] susteyn swuch C ; susteny >at a ; susteyne })at ;8. 

7727. destruede] stroyde )3 ; stroyed y. ];>at pouere folc] )>e pore 
peple j8. )>at] >e 5. 7iom] toke )8S. 

7728. gf \>at'] Si, i>e aPS. al out] aboute 5. 

7729. heiuol] eyfold C ; heifol a; eyful 5. Sf prout] & ek prout o ; & 
eke prowte /8. 

7730. Sui];>e ]pihke] SuiJ^e hilke A ; SuyJ^e hycke B ; SwiJ^e richeaj Ryjt 
ryche ;8 ; And seth a thykke S, 

7731. of] om. y. 

7732. 7no7i] om. afi. ssoldren] scholdren a ; schuldres 0. lende] 
lenden j8. 

7733. enimon] eny ojjer man a ; ony o)?er man /3, bende] bendcn fi. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 557 

pat he wolde him sulf vp is fot • ridinge wel vaste • 

Liitliche & ssete also • mid bowe »fc arblaste • 7735 

So hoi he was of body ek • j^at he ne lay neuere Sanitas. 

uaste • 
Sik in is bed vor non viiel • bote in is dep vuel atte 

laste • 
As he wolde some time • to normandie wende • 
Al j^at a^t was in engelond • he let somony in ech 

cnde • 7739 

To salesburi to uore him • J^at hii snore him alle j^ere • 
To be him triwe & holde • ]>e wule he of londe were • 
per to he nom gret peine of horn • & fram salesburi 

to witt • 
He wende & fram J>anene • to normandie ritt • 
& j^e wule he was out of engelond • edgar a);eling • 
pat ri^t eir was of engelond • &; kunde to be king • Cristina 
Made is ^onge soster • as god ^ef |?at cas • 774G ™o"iai'«- 

Nonne in J>e hous of romeseye • cristine hire name was • 



7734. paf] om. o/3. him sulfj om. 5, vp] apon ;8 ; vpon S. 
ridinye'] rydende C ; ridende o. wel] ry* t |8. 

7735. LhytUche .... arblaste] Lyjtlyche schete with bowe and also 
■with Arblast /3. ssete] schute a. ^] & myd C ; & w' 5. arblaste] 
areblaste o. 

7736. bodi/] bodije a. ek] also 0. uaste] ne fast y. 

7737. Sik] om. afi. ^?^] On o. non vuel] any euel )8; eny yuell y. 
in] on 5. is] om. a;8. vuel] euel P. atte] at ]>e a0. 

7738. some time] in one time o ; on a tyme $. to] into y. nor- 
mandie] engelond B. 

7739. ayt was] ow^t were j8, let somony] let someny Ca ; somonede /3 ; 
somoned hem y. in] om. y. ech] eche a. 

7740. To] Atte /3. to uore] by fore CS ; bifore a; bi forn /8. /«>«] 
to him |3. 

7741. To be ... . holde] Trewe to be to him ^ ; To be alle to him 
trewe S. J)e wule] while P. he] hii B. 

7742. he] om. j8. nom] no a; toke fi. of ho7n] om. a0. wiyt] 
why^t a. 

7743. ipanene] Jje hauene aj8 ; Jjan C5. 

7744. Sf ]pe] And B ; pe a/3. engelond] londo 0. edgar a\>eling] & 
kunde to be kyng A. 

7745. kunde] kynde /35. §• kunde to be king] edgar &\>e\mg A. 

7746. -^onge] jongor C ; ^ongore o; ^onger 5. ];>at] Mike /8, 

7747. romeseye] Rommesey /8. cristine] Crystiane p. 



558 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



aduentus 
danornm. 

Maxima 
multitudo 



pat folc com ]?o of denemarch • to engelond sone • 
& robbede «fc destruede • as hii were iwoned to done • 
pat word in to normandie • to king willam com • 7750 
So grot poor of Jnilke lond • & of france he nom • 
Mid him in to engelond • of kni^tes & squiers • 
Speremen auote & bowemen • & al so arblasters • 
pat hom |70Zte in engelond • so muche folc neuere 

nas . 7754 

pat it was wonder ware }>oru • isousteined it was • 
Hii of denemarch flowe sone • vor hii nadde no poer • 
Ac J?et folc of bitonde se • bileuede alle her • 
pat vnne)7c al J^at lond • sustenance hom vond • 
& J>e king hom sende her & \>eY • aboute in engelond • 
To diuerse men to findc hom mete • more ];an hor poer 

was ♦ 77G0 

So ]?at in ech manere • J?at lond destrued was • 
Frut & corn J^er failede • tempestes ]>ev come • 
pondringe & littinge ek • J?at slou men ilome • 



7748. pat] Thilk 5. <o] here to B. engelond'} engelonde o. 

7749. destruedel distroyed y. iwonedl wont )8. 

7750. pat] Thilk 5. in to] to S. 

7751. i>ulke lo7id] engelond o ; Englonde )3. Sf of] & eke of o; & 
also of p. 

7752. of kni-^tes] mid knites a ; with knyjttes $. Sf] & of B. 

7753. auote] afote o; on fote $. auote ^^ bowemen] & fote men 5, 
al so] om. 75. arblasters] arblastes B. 

7755. pat it . . . .was] That hem wonder J>ou^t Jjoruj what j^ei sustejTied 
was j8. ware] om. B. 

7756. Hii of denemarch] pe deynes o ; The Danys /3. hii .... poer] 
i>ei hadde no)jer strengj^e no powere P'; they hadde nouther strenghte 
ne power y. no] non B. 

7757. i>et] Jjat B ; }>e ; J^ylk 5. hiyonde] bijendeC. se] i>e see P. 
bileuede] bilefde a. 

7758. ];>at] \>e $5. vond] fonde o. 

7759. Sf] om. ojS. hom se7ide] hem sent p. engelond] engelonde a, 

7760. diiierse] om. o)3. to] forte a; for to $. 

7761. Omitted in B. ]>at .... was] J>at lond was destrud wijj mani^ 
o lujier cas o ; }>at \>e londe was destroied with many a lu)>er cas p. 
}pat lond] \>e lond 5. 

7762. Frut] Froyte j8. §-] om. 5. tempestes] tempest C. 

7763. pondringe Sf liytinge] Ly^tynge & }>ondre B ; Ly^tynge & J)Under 
C ; lytinge & })onre a ; Lijhnynge & Sunder fi ; Leyjtynge & thon- 
drynge 5. ek] also /8. ilome] lome y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 559 

Manne orf deide al agrounde • so gret qualm j^er com foi. lis. 

]>o- 
Orf failede & eke corn • hou mi^te be more wo • 776o 
Seknesse com ek among men • j^at aboute wide • 
"Wat vor honger wat uor wo • men deide in ech 

side • 
So )7at sorwes in engelond • were wel mony volde • 
pe king & dper riche men • wel lute J?er of tolde • 
Vor hii wolde euere abbe ynou • wanne ]?e pouere adde 

wo. 7770 

Sein poules chirche of londone • was ek vor barnd J>o • 
King willam to normandie • J?o^te suj^j^e atte laste • 
He sette is tounes & is londes • to ferme wel vaste • 
Wo so mest bode beruore • & J?ei a lond igi-anted 

were • / < < ■* 

To a man to bere J^eruore • a certein rente bi ^ere • 
& ano]?er come & bode more • he were inne anon • 
So J^at hii j^at bode mest • bro^te out monion • 

7764. orf ... . ayrounde'] & best deide dounry^t ^ ; & orf deyd to 
grounde 5. \>er com'] Jjer was B ; was Ca^5. 

7765. Orf] BCa5 ; Beestes /3 ; Orst A (originally). eke corn] also 
come /3 ; come also y. 

7766. ek] also $ ; om. 5. amony] in oi3. \>at abouie] J?er aboute o; 
J)er abowte /3. 

7767. in ech] in eche Ba ; oneuery 5. 

7768. sorwes] sorewe o ; sorwe i3 ; sorowe y. were wel] was ryjt fi. 
mony] mani^e a. 

7769. wel lute] ryjt litel j8. 
777 0. abbe] haue y. 

7771. of] at a)3. ek vor barnd \>o] forbrent also $. vor barnd] 

verbamde B ; ybarned 5. 

7773. tounes ^ is lo7ides] tounes & londes a; londes & his rentes ^. 
wel] swii^e o ; ry^t /8. 

7774. Wo so mest bode] pulke J>at mest bode a ; Thilke J>at most bede $ ; 
Thilke J>at bidde moste y. bode] bede C ; bade 5. \>eruore] vore 
B. i>ei] om. B. 

7774-7776. Sf i>ei . . . . bode more] omitted in $y. 

7775. a certein] certein o. bi yre] by i>e jere B ; a^ere a. 

7776. anoi>er] on o^er a. come ^■] om. a. bode] bede C5. he 
were inne] Inne j^ei were /3. 

7777. So \>at hii] So hi a ; And so he )3. bode] bede C5; bade /3. 
bro'^te] brout a. monion] many one y. 



560 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



vadit 

n[eus- 

trie]. 



Debllitas 
eius. 



Derisio. 
w. per 
regem. 

Minacio 
de[..] 



Nere ]>e vorewarde no so strong • me botte is out wi)? 

wou • 7778 

So )>at pe king in such manere • suluer wan ynou • 
po he adde iset is londes so • mid such tricherye • 
So heye & al is o]?er j^ing • he wende to normandie • 
(fe ]>ere he dude wowe ynou • mid slatt & robberye • 
& nameliche vpe ]>e king of franco • & vpe is compainie • 
So J^at in ])e toun of reins • king willam atte laste • 
Vor eld & uor trauail • bigan to febli vaste • 7785 

pe king phelip of franco • ])e lasse J>o of him tolde • 
& drof him to busemare • as me ofte de]? J'an olde • 
pe king he sede of engelond • halt him to is bedde • 
& li|7 mid is grete wombe • at reins a child bedde • 
po king willam hurde ]>is • he made him somdel vrroy • 
Vor edwit of is gi'ete wombe • &l suor anon j^is o]> • 
Bi J?e vprisinge of ihesu crist • ^if god me wole grace 

sonde • 7792 

Vor to make mi chirchegong • & bringe me of J?is bende • 



7778. Ncrel Were /35. no'] neuer )3 ; neuere S. me bo^te'] me 
broute o ; men brou^t fi. is] hym C ; ham o ; hem $ ; him 5. 

7779. So ))fl<] So o; To 3. such'] suche o; swuch C. u-an] won B. 
suluer] seluer BCa. wcm] won B. 

7780. po] That P. iset] sette y. mid] in oj8. such] swuch C. 

7781. So ... . \>ing] He & his o)>er folc (folke )3) afi. he wende <o] 
wende to o ; wente in to /3. 

7782. mid slayt] in slau^ter )3. 

7783. vpe] om. aP. Sf vpe] mid a ; with $ ; & C5. 

7784. ill] at /3 ; om. y. ]>e] om. B. reins] reynys C. 

7785. eld] elde Ba ; olde fi. bigan] gan afi. febli] feble B)3. 

7786. pe] om. Caj85. J>o of him] of him \>o a; of him /3. 

7787. busemare] busmare a ; beosemare C ; besemer /3. ofte dei>] ofte 
do> C ; dojj ofte )3. ];>an] \>e B/3. 

7788. halt] holt y. 

7789. grete wombe] wombe gret a/8. 

7790. king willam] "William oure kynge /3. hurde] harde y. 

7791. edwit of] Jje edwyt of C ; he atwiste a ; he atwitede P ; he at^vytted 
y ; to edwyte 5. is] hijn w' his 5. grete] om. aj3. §•] he 5. 
}>is] his o. 

7792. god] he a^. me wole] wold him S. 

7793. make] makye C; makije o. chirchegong] chyrchegon B; 
chirch^ong a ; chirchegange /3 ; churchegonge y ; chirche )onge 5. 
of] out of a ; owte of /3 ; cute of 7S. Jjzs] om. P. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 561 

Suche wines ichoUe mid me lede • &5 such li^t atten ende • 
pat an hondred |iousend candlen • & mo ichoUe him 

tende • 7795 

Amidde is lond of franco • & is prute ssende • 
pat a sori chirchegong • ichcholle him make • ar ich 

}'anue we[nde] • 
Vorewarde he huld him wel inou • vor to heruest anon • [qsoi 
po he sey j^at feldes were • vol of corne echon • persequitur 

Al ]?e contreie vol of fvut • wanne he miite mest harm "" 

do[n] . 7800 

He let gadery is kni^tes • & is squiers al so • 
& J?at were is wines • ]>at he wi}? him ladde • fol. iisb. 

He wende him in to franco • & J^e contreie ouer 

spradde • 
& robbede & destruede • him ne miite no}>ing lette • predacio 
pe grete cite of medes • suj;]7e afure he sette • 7805 g^™ ^^^" 
Vor me ne mitte no chirchegong • wij^oute litte do • 
pe cite he barnde al clene • & an chirche al so • 

7794. Suche .... Icde'] Ich wole mid me wyues lede a ; I wol with me 
my wyiies lede $. wines'] wyue C. §*] & with &. such] 
swuch C (& passim). atteii] at )>an a. 

7795, 7796, transposed in 5. 

7795. an] on a. ];>ousend] J>uusund C ; oni. 5. candlen] candeles /3 ; 
candels 7 ; candles 5. him] hem y. 

7796. lond] londe B. prute] prude B. 

7797. Vat] Si a$. a] o a ; 00 /8. chirchegong] chyrchegon B ; 
chirch^oiig a; churchegang 0; ehurchegonge 7; churche ^onge 5. 
ichcholle] om. afi. make] maki^e a ; made /8. ar ich] arys B ; er 
ich a; or I /8. \>anne] Jjens /3 ; om. S. 

7798. him wel] wel hym C. inou] om. BC5. vor to] vn to /3. 
heruest] eruest 7. 

7799. were] om. S. coriie] comes a^. 

7800. Al] & a/3; & al CS. mest] moste 7. 

7801. He let yadcry] And lete gedre 7. al so] eke also a. 

7802. ))at] Jjo )3. were] weren o. 

7803. ivende him] wende a; went /3. 

7804. Am .... Iclte] he >ou)t no man his peer /3. 

7805. medes] medis C. su\>];>e .... sette] sithe he sette in a feer /3 ; 
sithe he sette on a fere 7. 

7806. no] non B ; om. afi. chirchegong] churchegang C ; chirhc^ong 
a ; ehurchegonge- 7 ; chirche }onge 5. toii>outc] wythouten 7. 

7807. cite] site a. barnde] brent 7. aJi] a B ; o a- 00 faire |8. 

N a 



5G2 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



lungor. w. 



[381] 



penitencia 
eius. 



Of VI- leuedi )?at ]?er inne was • & an aimcre godes 

spouse • 
pat nolde vor no }>ing • fle out of hire house • 
& monimon & womman ek • J^er vel in meschaunce • 
So ]7at a sori chirchegong • hit was to j;e king of 

fi-ance • 781 1 

King willam wende a^en • ]>o al )?is was ido • 
& bigan sone to gTony . & to febly al so • 
Vor trauail of |;e voul asaut • & vor he was feble er • 
& par auntre vor wreche al so • vor he dude so vuele 

]>er . 7815 

po he com to reins aten • sik he lay sone • 
His leches lokede is stat • as hor ri^t was to done • 
& .iseye & sede al so • ]?at he ne mitte ofscapie 

no^t • 
pere was sone sorwe ynou • among is men ybrott • 
& he him sulf deol inou • & sorwe made al so • 7820 
& nameliche uor ]>q muche wo • ]?at he adde aner]?e 

ydo. 



7808. wr] oiire BCa. leuedi'] leuede B ; lefdi o; lady 7. \>er imie'] 
J>er aP. an mtncre'] an auntre A ; an ancre B ; an ancres C ; on 
ankre a ; an Anker fi ; an anere 5. 

7809. nolde] nolde neuere a; -wolde neuer /3 ; wolde 5. 110] non B. 

7810. monhnoii] maniemen a; many a man 5. icomman'] wumman C; 
•wymmen a/8. eh] also ;8. vel] ful C ; felle a. meschaunce'] 
mesclieaunce a. 

7811. So] cm. o;3. a] 00 /8. 

7812. wende] him -wende o; him went j8 ; went J^o 5. ido] do 7. 

7813. to grony] groni a ; gi-one /8 ; to grone y. fehhj] feble y. 

7814. ]>e] J>is C ; t>ys 5 ; his /8. voul] foule Qa. feble] febler S. 

7815. par auntre] par auentiu'e a. al so] ova. C. dude] -wrou^t 5. 
vuele] luj)er BC. 

7816. po] Home S. 

7817. is] on his 5. stat] astate 7. hor] om. al3. 

7818. Sf iseye . . . al so] And when Ki sawe i>ei seide >an 8. i>at] 
om. aj8, ne] om. 5. ofscapie] ascapie a; ascape j8. 

7819. ybroyt] brought 7. 

7820. deol] dool 7. 

7821. muche] muchel C. anerlpe] on erthe 5 ; er o;8. ydo] 
do 3. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 563 

He wep on god vaste ynou • & criecle him milce & ore • 
& bihet ^if he moste libbe • ]>&t he nolde misdo 

nammore • 7823 

Er he ssolde p'at abbe ydo • vor it was ]>o late ynou • 
Atte laste J?o he isei • ]7at toward is ende he drou • 
His biquide in ]?is manere • he made biuore is dep • 
Willam |;e rede al engelond • is sone he bi que]? • Testamen- 

pe ^ongore al is porchas • ac as lawe was & wone • 
Normandie is eritage -he tef is eldoste sone • 
Roberd ]>q courtehese • & henry . ]>e longoste |>o • 7830 
He bique]? is tresour • vor he nadde sones nammo • 
He het dele ek poueremen • Muche of is tresorie • 
Vor he adde so muche of hom • inome in robberye • 
Chirchen he let rere al so • & tresour he lei ynou • 
To rere vp ])e chirche of france • j^at he barnde wi]? 

wou . 7835 



7822. wep'] wcpe y. him] om. Ca/35. 

7823. Sf bihet . . libbe'] ^if he moste libbe he seide a ; ^if he my^t lyue 
he seide P. moste libbe] myght lyue S. \>at] om. ayS. 7iol(le] 
wolde /8. 

7824. Er . . . ydo] So he scholde habbe er ido o ; So he schulde haue 
do er /3. ]pat abbe] haue l^at S, }pat abbe ydo] habbe ido }>at C. 
it teas Jjo] hit was C ; t'an hit was )3. late] to late B. 

7825. Atte] And at Jje P. tsei] sey a ; sawe y. he] om. a. 

7826. biquide] bi quede C ; biqwest (3 ; biquest y; by quest 5. iJi] on 
«j8. J>«s] his a. 

7827. Willam i>e rede] The rede William 0. rede] rede kynge B. 
f al engelond is sone] hys sone al engelond B. 

7828. Ve -^^onyore] And J^e ^onge 3. al is] as his C5 ; his fi. was] 
wolde y. luone] wonne 5. 

7829. is eritage he "^ef] he yaue to heritage y. eldoste] eldor C ; 
huldere a ; elder ^5. 

7830. Roberd] 'Robert a (& passim). \>e courtehese] >e courtese B ; 
courteose C ; courtehous a ; Curteyse jS ; Courthose 5, ]pe] hys B. 

yongoste] ^ongeste a ; ^ongest C ; ^ongest were j8. 

7831. bique)>] biquaj^ a; biquathe y. Jiadde] hadde j8 ; had 5. nammo] 
no mo y. 

7832. het dele eh] het eke dele CS ; let dele ek a ; lete dele also to j8. 

7833. so] om. o/8. inome] take j8. 

7834. Chirchen] Churches y. let] het C. rere al so] also rereyS; 
arere also 5. 

78 35 vp]oTa.a^. o/] in BC«/35. barnde] hx^niy. 

N N 2 



r)G4 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[382] V^ prison;? he let of engelond • Deliuery echone • 
& of norinandie al so • J^at ])er ne leucde none • 
obitus. w. po deide he in )?e ^er of grace • a ]?ousend as it was • 
regis. ^ fQ^j. gcore & seuene • as god ^ef J^at cas • 
foi. 114. He was king of engelond • four & tuenti ler al so • 

&; due er of normandie • vifty ^er k tuo • 7841 

Of elde he was nyne & fifty ler • ]>o god him lef such 

cas' 
pe morwe after seintc niari day • ]'c later ded he 

was • 
In ]>e abbey of cam • il)ured was )>is king • 
& henry is ^onge sone • was at is buriing • 7845 

Ac no|?er of is o]?er sones • vor in france |>o • 
Roberd courtehese was • in won-e & in wo • 
& willam anon so is fader • engelond him bi que]^ • 
He nolde no^t abide • vor te is fader de]? • 
Ac wende him out of normandie • anon to engelonde • 
Vorto nime hastiliche • seisine of is londe • 7851 



7836. /€t]hetBCa; bote 5. Deliuery'] delyuere y, to delyuere 5. 
cclione'] euerycbone 5. 

7837. we leuede'] bileuede C ; ne Icfde a ; left ;8 ; byleufd 5. 

7838. \>o deide Ae] He deide o ; He deyed y. yer of] om. )3 ; yere of y. 
a] o o ; 00 "y. 

7839. xef] xyi C. 

7840. four] on Co ; one 5 ; oon y ; oo /3 . Sc] et o. 

7841. er] ek B ; eke CS ; om. a^. 

7842. Of elde he was] Of eldt' aB ; Of age be was 5 ; He belde y. him 
"yCf] 3,ef hym C ; ^aue bim j3. 

7843. f'e morice .... ded] Ou seinte marine day \>o latere amorewe ded o ; 
On sejnt marie daie ]^>e latter a morwe deed fi^ later] latter 5. 
he] om. B. 

7844. y-e] hat )3. ibured] buried 0. 

7845. hnriiiKj] buryng B ; buringe a. 

7846. Ac7w\>ei-] And noutber 7. i^or] ver B. 

7847. courtehese] courtebose C ; courtebuse a ; Curteise y. worre"^ 
sorwe B ; moche werre )8. ;.V in] and 3 ; & eke in 8. 

7848 c5-] om. afi. so] as /85. 

7849. nolde] wolde j85. voyt abide] abide ry^t uou^t /8. vor te] for 
a)3. fader] fadres B- 

7850. him] om. a^. anon] om. 5. to] toward S. 

7851. nime] neme C ; take 78. seisine] sesynge fi. o/'s] in bis C ; 
on bis a ; bere on }>i8 B. 



regis 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 565 

pat was him ])0 leiiere • |?an is fader were • 

So l^at l^er nas of is sones • bote j^e ^onge henry }?ere • 

Tyi^l9,m ]?e rede king anon • so he adde tiping . 

Of is fader de|?e • he let him crouni king • 7855 Coronacio 
Biuore Misselmasse he was icrouned • \>re dawes «fc 

namm[o] • 
Of ]7e erchebissop of Kanterbury • lanfranc jjat was ]70 • 
At vrestmunstre it was ido • wi)>oute long targinge • 
Vor it nas no^t fourtene ni^t • after is fader buriinge • 
He sende anon as quicliche • as he mi^te is sonde • luiacio 
Holde o]:>es )?at men him suore • p'oru al engelonde • 
Vor of is eldore bro]?er • he was eucre in doute • 7862 
So ]?at me suor him holde o];es • Into al \>e lond aboute • 
From londone to winchestere • he wende to se ]?ere • 
pe vaire lialle & o);er bold • ))at is fader let rere • 
Of is fader tresorie • ]?at was in ]>ulke stude • 7866 
He deldc uor is soule • as he adde him sulf ibcdc • 



7852. )>o] om. B. fadnr'l fader alyue o ; fartres lijf $. tcere'] ^o were 5. 

7853. So Jja^] pat a ; So /3. nits'] iias non o ; was none /85. 

7854. kiyiy] om. a0. so] Jjo a; when )3. ti^yhifj] tidynge By. 

7855. fader] fadres $ ; faders •). him cruiati] him crowue y ; croune 
him 5. /liny] tokynge B. 

7856. Misselmasse] Myhelmasse BC ; Mihelemasse a ; myjelmasse i>au ff ; 
Michelmasse than y ; Mychelmasse 5. lie was icrouned] om. ojS. 
dawes] daies j8. 

7858. westmunstre] westmyster C (& passim). it was ido] Jjis was do 
)8. taryiitge] tarynge B ; taryynge C ; taryinge /35. 

7859. nas] was yS. fader] om. a/8. huriinc/e] burjnge B ; burijiuge a. 

7860. aii07i] om. B. as] om. 5. as he yniyte] ase he my^te sende a ; 
as he myjt sende ;8 ; as he myght sende 5. 

7861. Holde . . . suore] OJjcs hat men swore him to holde /3 ; That alle 
men come & to him swore 5. swore] swore him a. \>oru al] ]>omy 
cute /3. 

7862. of] om. C. eldore] vklere a. 

7863. him holde] to him 5 ; om. /3. Into al \>e lond] \>ot\x al J?e londe 
Co. ; >rout i»e lond 5 ; t>orwj al Engloude )3 ; thm'ghoute Engloude y. 
)>e] )>at B. 

7865. bold] hold C (originally bold) ; holde (8. rere] arere 5. 

7866. fader] faders C ; om. a/3. tresorie] tresour & o>er good ^ ; 
tresoure 5. 

7867. ibede] bede y. 



566 THE CHRONICLE OF 

To 'chirchen & to poueremen • he ^of verst as he 

ssolde • 
To abbeys & to priories • largeliche of is golde • 
& to eche chirche of )?e lond • vif ssillinges me ber . 
& to eche contreie an hondred pound • to dele pouere- 
men ]?er • /8/1 
Vor me nom it er muchedel • of pouere monne god • 
& J^e sone ]?ei he were ssrewe • ])en vader wel vnder- 
stod • 
[384] Vol' streng]?e of wisdom • vr louerd him here sende • 
& atte biginninge ]7ulke tuo • to gode al he it wende • 
pe wule ]>e erehebissop lanfranc • bro^te him to god 
red . 7876 
Ac to vuel he it turnde al • po lanfranc was ded • 
foi. 114 b. Ar is fader wonne engelond • longe he was ibore • 
ortus eius j^q ^^^ roberd courtehese • ]>e eldore bro]?er biuore • 

Stalwarde was & hardi • & god kni^t ]?oru alle ping • 
In batayle k in tomemens • er j^an he were king • 

7868. Omitted in 5. chirchen'] chyrche B ; churches y. he yf] for he 
>efC. 

7869. jjriories'] priores $. 

7870. Sf to . . . lo7id'} & eche of \>e londes chirches o. §■ <o] & j85 ; 
To y. ssillinges'] ssyllyng B ; schillinges o ; shelynges y. ber] bar o. 

7871. eche] euery S. an] on o. to dele] to J^ele a ; to Hike ;8. _ 
poueremen] poure C7 ; pouere a ; Jje pouer 5 ; pore j8. \>er] >ar a. 

7872. nom] toke $. it] om. B. er muchedel] )>e more del ^ ; the 
mordel y. monne] men B ; manne Co ; mennes /8 ; mannus 5. yod] 
goude C. 

7873. Sf\ om. a;8. sone] sone )ut BCa ; sone ^it /SS. loere ssrewe] 
schrewe were aj3 ; were a schrewe C5. \>en] >>an C ; J^e o/35. ivel] 
■wille 5. 

7874. wisdom] body it wysdom B ; body & wisdom C ; bodi & wisdom 
afi ; bodye & wysdom 5. him here] here him j8. 

7875. 8f atte] At J?e afi. tuo] to C ; two a;3. al he it] al hit C ; he 
hit )8 ; alle hit 5. wende] wente fi. 

7876. )>e] om. C. 

7877. he it] he S ; hit aj3. al] om. a. 

7878. ivonne] wanne 7. ibore] borne 7. 

7879. Ac] And BCa/8. yut] yeia; ^it jS. coxirtehese] courtehose C5 ; 
courtehuse a ; Curthuse 7. eldore] vldere a. biuore] byforne 7. 

7880. tens] he was BCa/3S. Sf god] god afi. 

7881. in <or?jeme?*s] turnement fi ; in turnement S. er );>an] ar )pdX C j 
er I>at o ; are }>at 5 ; or thanne 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 567 

pe verste ter bat he was kino- . worre gret & stronof • S^^^^ 

r 7 r o & o inter .w. 

Bituene him &; roberd • coiirtehese ]?er sprong • & fratrem. 

Vor muche of ]?is loncl • willede roberd coiirtehese • 
To be king of engelond . 2if hii mi^te chese • 7885 
& vor roberd was eldore & eir • gret folc he sende al 

so • 
Fram normandie to worry • &; is fader biquide vndo • 
Ac ]>e vif pors of engelond • kepte horn in ]?e se • 
& adreinte «Ss slowe • J^at hii ne come nammore aie • 
Freinsse men in engelond • J)er were j^ere monion • 
Bissopes & kni^tes • mid king willam echon • 7891 
pe bissop ode wi]? him was • so wel ich vnder stonde • 
pat he tok him poer as wo sei]? • of al engelonde • 
& he bigan mid treson • mest to be is fo • £raus 

6 to drawe to him ]?e heyemen • ]?at in poer were odonis. 
)70 . 7895 

As in ]>e ler of grace • a )?ousend ter it was • 

And four score & ei_^te • ]?at bigan J?is cas • Destruccio 

patriarum. 

7882. verste'] vorste B. tvorre] werre y. 

7883. courtekese'] courtehose C ; courtehusea; Courthos 5; Curthuse his 
broj'er (3. 

7884. Vor] om. afi. muche'] Moche deel $. willede] wilnede a ; 
■wilned to haue ; willed to haue y. roberd] om. $. coiirte- 
hese] Courtehose C ; courtehuse o ; Curthuse $ ; Courthose 5. 

7885. chese] cheose a ; chuse /3 ; be chose 5. 

7886. vor] om. C. eldore] vldere a. eir] heyre 5. 

7887. worry] werre y. fader] faders C. biquide] by quyde C ; 
biqweste $ ; byquest 78. 

7888. vif pors] vyportes C. vif] om. y. pors] ports a ; portes /3 ; 
portus S. 

7889. adreinte] adrentte B ; adrenched 5. slowe] aslowe a. ne 
come] come B75. nammore] no more y. 

7890. Freinsse] Frensse B ; Frensche a. \>er were )>ere] \?o >er were 5. 
]pere] \>o BCa; om. &.. 

7892. 'pe] Vor J)e a ; And ^6)3. ode] eode C. A«/»] hem B. him 
was so wel] him was as fi ; him was 7. 

7893. 'pat] om. ag. tok] bitok a; bitoke /3 ; bytoke 5. poer] om. jS. 
of] power of /3. 

7894. he] om. C. 

7 89 5. to drawe] drawe a ; drowe . \>o] ydo B. 

7896. of] 00/8. c] a ; 00 7. 

7897. ei-),te] eijthe )3. 



5C8 THE CHRONICLE OF 

In pe gote time of leinte • ]?is false bissop ode • 

& ])e frensse knittes of engelond • of ]?is trayson vnder- 

stode • 
& heyemen monye of engelond • were ek at one rede • 
Anon after estero • hii gonne horn to sprede • 7901 
And robbi aboute Sz berne • & tonnes adonn caste • 
And wo so eni castel adde • astored him wel vaste • 
A bissop J?at het geffray • & o]?er heyemen mo • 
pat ])G castel wuste of bristowe • such castel as was 

]>o . 7905 

Ba]:'e & al )>e contreie • hii robbede in hor route • 
& ])e o)jer side berkeleye • & ]>e contreye al aboute • 
& ]>e castel of bristowe • astorede vaste ynou • 
pe barons of herefordssire • dude al so gi*et wou • 
& ]?at folc of ssropssire • vor hii nome horn alle to 

rede • 
& robbede wii-cestressire • In leng];e k in brede • 7011 



7898. In \>e yote time of leinte] In leynte in \>e god tyme B; In lente in 
|?e goude (good 5) t^yme C5 ; At leinte in )?e gode time a ; At lentyn in 
J^e (at that 7) good tyme fiy. hw] t>at i8. ode"] eode C. 

7899. \>e] om. Bo;3. of] in Ca)35. \>is] ova. afi. trayson] 
treson Ba ; tresoun /3. 

7900. if heyemen monye of] Mani^e hei)e men in a; Manye hei^e men 
in (8. ek] also ;3. at one] at her B ; at hore C ; at hare a ; of 
here /8 ; at hor S. 

7901. estere] Ester with here meyne ^. ;/onne] by gonne B5 ; bi gonne 
Ca. horn] om. 5. 

7902. A7id robbi] Torobbe)85. berne] brenne /8. toiines] courtes 
BC/3S ; koiirtes a. 

7903. icoso] hulke t>at a ; J>ilke t>at j3. astored] astorede a. him'] 
ham a ; hem )8. wel] ry^t /3. 

7904. A] On; Oo 7. Geffray] gefferei a; Iu£fray /3. oi>cr] o)>ere Ba. 

7905. wuste of Br i stoic e] of Brystow kepte /3. ivuste] wyste C; wiste a ; 
kepte 5. castel as was] as he was a;8. 

7906. Ba\>e if al] Bade & al o ; Eode in to H. hii] & ;8. in hor] 
myd her B ; myd hore C ; mid hare o ; with here j8 ; w' her S. 

7907. pe] in beBCaj35. side] alfB. contreye al] oj^er cuntre )8. 
7909. herefordssire] hereforde B. dude] duden o. 

791U. ))at] }>e /3. vor] om. Ba/35. hii] om. Ba;S. nome] nomen a; 

toke )3. 
7911. ivircestressire] wyrcestre schryre C ; Worchestre shire y. In] 

by S. &f in] & eke S. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 569 

& al ]?e contreie aboute • & to ^e toime ri^t • ^^^^^^^ 

Ac hii founcle in \e toim • mony a god kni^t • wuistanus. 

Vor ]7e bissop of wiircestere • j^at ]>o was seint wulston • 

In ]>e castel was of wurcestre • & bissopes monion • 

Sein wulston cride on god • to ssulde horn fram hor foi ns 

fon. 7916 

pe knittes wel iarmed • wende horn out anon • 
& ]7oru bone of sein wolston • & ]?oru godes grace • 
Hii slowe & ouercome • vif ]70usend in I>e place • 
A uerde \Qr was binorj^e • ]7at robbede al so uaste • 
pe contreye of noithumberlond • & ]?e tounes adoun 

caste • 
An oj^er ]>er was more sou]? • pat leicestre ssire • 
Robbede & destruede • & nor]7hamtessire • 
So j^at engelond was • vol of eche wrechede • 
& to so]>e com ]>at seint edward • biuore is d^ej^e 

sede • 
pe bissop ode ]>a.t was • of j^is wowe cheuentem 
In kent was & robbede • ]?ere mid al is mayn • 



7925 



7912. ^ to] to B ; in to Ca^5. 

7913. monu a] mani^e o o. , n . -d 

7914. zvurcestere-] wirecestre a ; Wynche.tre y. ]>o teas] ^as i>o B. 
wulstonl wolston Ca. a ^e 

7915. zvasofu-urcestre] of wirecestre was a; of Worscheter was ^ ; of 
Worcestre was y. bissopes-] knyjtes BC ; kmtes a; knyjttes ^ ; 
knyghtis 5. 

7916. god] gode a. ssulde] schelde &. 

7917. iarmed] armed y. anon] echona; echone P. 

7918. bo7ie] bede a ; prayere 13. godes] om. p. 

7919. 171 Wl in t'at ^. ^ „ . * ~ 

7920. A uerde] A uarde B ; O ferde « ; Oo fere 13 ; Oo fyre y ; An oste o. 

\>at] Jjat ]pe\ P. 

7921. &• ]pe] & aP. 

7922. An] On a. \>er] om. C W»] bat was Ca^5. 

7923. §-«orl,Aam<essire] & al nor},hampschyre C ; & alnorhampte sehire 
a ■ al Nort>hamptschire /3 ; & Norhampton schyre 5. 

7924 ecAe] euerj- 5. wrechede] wrechedhede p. 

7925. §■] om. a^. com] ycome S. biuore] afore ^. 

7926. fie] eode C. icas] i>o was « ; ban was ^. c/i.«en<e,«] 
cheueteyn C. 



570 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



humiliacio 

r[egifi]. 



[387] 
quesicio 
ode. 

tonebnior- 
ge- 

Capcio 
pewnesey. 



King willam isei pat he was • in alle sorwe ibrott • 
& bote he adde help of is men • is fare nas ritt nott • 
To is barons he sende aboute • ]>at he mcst truste to • 
& bed horn helpe him in is nede • oJ>er is peer were 

ido . 7031 

He bihet hom \)e beste lawes • )jat euere were ifounde • 
To be is help a^en is fon • ]?at he nere ibrott to 

grounde • 
pe heyemen of cngelond • to abbe hor lawcs gode • 
Come to him in is nede • ]>o hii him vnderstode '7935 
& mid gret ost wende \ior]> • & mid stonrdi mode • 
Toward ]?e castel of roucestre • to seche ]'e bissop ode • 
To yc castel of tonebrugge • bi )?e wey hii come • 
& asailede him vaste inou • & attelaste him nome • 
po tolde me )?at bissop ode • at pewnesey e was • 7940 
pis ost wende j^uderward • mid wel quic pas • 
& bisegede ]>en castel • six wuke wel vaste • 
So l^at pet folc wipinne • tolde hom atte laste • 



7928. isei] sey o ; sawe y. ibroyf] brought y. 

7929. ^] om. oj8. bote']\>otyfS. /are] fore B. 7jas]was)35. nji] om. /3. 

7930. truste'] triste o; tryste C ; trust 0. 

7931. bed] bede B ; bad a. him] om. Co)35. is] J>ys S. oJ>er] or fi. 
were] was BCa/85. ido] do 0. 

7932. hom] om. C. ifounde] founde y. 

7933. be] beono; bene 7. ibroyt] brought 7. 

7934. abbe] haue y. 

7935. Come . . nede] To his neode (nede ;8) to him come o)3. him] 
hom C am a ; hem )85. 

7936. if] om. /3. stourdi] stourdeB. 

7937. roucestre] rochestre C ; Kouchestre 7. >e bissop] bisschop a. 

7938. hii] asjjei j3. 

7939. him nome] hit nome /3. nome] wonne 5. 

7940. \>o] BCaS; Thanne /3 ; p A. tolde me] tol>e me a; tolde 
men /3 ; me tolde C5. Yat] J^at he CS. pewneseye] peuneseye B; 
pennesey^e a; Peuensee 7; Pounteney 5. 

7941. pis] His 7. i>uderward] towarde >>e towne fi. weT] ry^t jS. 

7942. i>eji] J^anc C ; \>e a; J^at $. six] sex 7. tcuke] wouke B ; 
woke C ; M-ike a ; wikes 3 ; wekes 7; wokys 5. ivel] ryjt /8. 

7943. i>et] >e B ; om. a; Jjylk S. i>etfolc] i>ei P. yolde] jeld o; 
dide jelde )3. hom] him o. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 571 

& bissop ode uerst • J70 ]>e king him vond • Capcio 

He made him vor is treson • vorsuerie engelond • 7945 

Ac uor ]?e castel of roucestere • & ]>e toun al so • 

In ])e bissopes poer was • & is folc J^er inne ido • 

pe king him made ]7uder wende • mid is owe folc to 

Make • 
pe folc )?at ]>ev Inne was • J>en castel him vp take • 
po ]>e bissop & J?e kinges men • to roucestere come • 
Hii wi]?inne turnde aten • & horn alle nome • 7951 
& ]>e kinges men cchone • In strong prison caste • 
po J^et word to ]>e king come • ]?uderward he wende 

vaste • 
&; ]>en castel bisette • & hom wij'inne agaste • foi. ii5b. 

So ]7at hii lolde I'e king vp • ]>en castel atte laste • 
& j?e king hom made echone • }>at he J>er Inne vond • 
& ]>Q bissop ode al so • vorsuerie engelond • 7957 

po hii were out of engelond • hii were bine]?e ybrott • 
& alle J?at hulde wip hom er • vor hor poer nas no^t • 



7944. Sf'] & >e afiS. J>o] & J>o Co5 ; & when $. 

7945. vorsuerie'] forsake alle 5. vorsuerie engelond'] engloDde to 
forswere w' (his 7) honde Py. 

7946. ]>e] om. ;8. roucestere] rouchestre Cy. 

7947. bissopes] Busshopes 7. is] i>e 0. 

7948. we7ide] winde o. Make] Mak A. 

7949. pe] pet B ; pat Coj8. i>en] \>e Ba0 ; l>ane C. vp Cake] optake 
o ; vp to take $. 

7950. bissop] bisschopes o ; Bischopes men P ; Busshopes men 7. nte7i] 
om. 0y. 

7951. hom alle] al hem B ; alle hem )jer $. 

7952. strong prison] stronge prisone a. 

7953. \>et] be o;85, \>uderward] t>uder a ; Jjider ^ ; bydir S, wende] 
heyde B. 

7954. )>en] Jjane Ca ; )>e /35. 

7955. ^olde] julde Ca ; golden /3. vp] om. o^, \>en] >e BCa;3, 

7956. hom made] made hom C; made a;8. 

7957. odeal so] also ode a^. vorsuerie] forswerien a; forswerenyS; 
forswere 7 ; to forswere 5. 

7958. were] weren o0, yhro-^t] brought 7. 

7959. 8f] om. Coj85. hulde ivi\> hom] helde wyb hem B ; mid ham 
hulden a ; w' hom hulde C ; with him helden ; w' hem helde 5. er] 
also i8. nas] was )35. 



572 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[388] po pe king was al aboue • of no)7ing he nas afercl • 
'""^Jf^^"^ He suor he wolde awreke be • of is brober roberd • 

HOI IlJall- ^^ ' 

Ilium. To normandie mid is ost • in gret wra|?]?e he gan 

wende • 79G2 

Vor to winne normandie • & is bro|?er ssende • 
His bvo]?er gaderede is poer • & aten him vaste stod • 
So }?at ])e worre strong was • & gret ssedinge of blod • 

com.didia Hii acordede atte laste • in such fourme here • 7966 

rcffis, 

cum fiatrc. p3,t wej^er of hom tuej^'e • lengore aliue were • 
pat he ssolde be o]?eres eir • of al ]?at he adde • 
■^if he of him sulf bi^ite ■ non oj^er eir nadde • 7969 
pis acord was vaste imad • Jjoru strong treii];e inou • 
Vaste ii)li^t in eij^er side • }?at noj^er ne yv'ip drou • 
So |?at ]ns tueye bre]7eren • gode frend were ]70 riit • 
poru god fourme Sz strong inou • j^oru strong treu}>e 

ipli^t • 
pe wule hii were in normandie • &; engelond so bar • 

Guerra Macolom king of scotlond • her of was iwar • 7975 

7960. po] Ac |>o a; But when /3. aV] om. BCa/85. of] & $. he 
nas] was /8 ; he was 5. 

7961. he wolde] a wolde Ca. of] on 5. 

7962. To] In to 5. mid .... tvra)>\>e] w' grete wratthe w' his 
oste 5. wra)p);>e] y^a,v\>\>Q a. 

7964. is] om. fi. ^- a-^en] & ^eu a. vaste] uast 5. 

7965. ivorre] wen-e y. strony ivas] was strong B ; was stronge 5. 

7966. atte] atte )>e C ; at \>q a. such] suche Ha. 

7967. we])er] woJ>er B. hom tueye] hem bo)>e ;3. leiiyore] longore 
C ; lenger B ; J^e leuger yS. aliue] on lyue y. 

7968. he o\>eres eir] o\>ev eir be /8 ; ot>er be y. o)peres] J^e oJ>eris C ; Jjc 
ojjeres a. 

7969. yif .... nadde] yi j^atof him bijute non oi^er eir nadde a; ^if 
>at no>er of hem oj^er eier bijete nadde h- sulf] C ; sulue B ; self 
5 ; sulst A. biyte non o\>er eir] non oj'er eyr by^yte B. 

7970. imad] made y. strony treu\>e] stronge treu)>e Bo ; streng|>e )8. 

7971. ipli-'yt] pH^t j8. in] on a/8. no}>er] non B ; uey>ere 5 ; nol^er 
of ham (hem /3) a/3. ne] om. CajS. 

7972. ]f>is] )?es C. yode] goudes C. frend] frendes Cy8. ]>o] 
t>er 5. 

7973. yod] gode B a. strony] vaste B; faste Ca; fast 5. strony 
inou] goode acorde /S. );>oru] Si, a$ ; and 5. 

7974. bar'} bare B. 

7975. iwar] yware B ; ware y. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 573 

& eclgar al so a]?eling • vor mid gret poer • 

Hii wende her in to engelond • & robbede ver & ner • 

& barnde & destrude • ]>e nor]? contreie vaste • 

per of com to normandie • j^e ti])inge attelaste • 7979 

pe king & Roberd is broj^er • hor beire poer nome • rex leslstit. 

&5 wi]? gi-et ost &; streng]?e inou • to engelond come • 

& sette vaste aten hom • so }»at in lute stounde • 

Hor poer of scotlond • was ibroit to grounde • 

po wende uor]? roberd courtehese • & edgar aj^eling • 

& acordede Macolom • & willam ur king . 7985 coucordia 

® regis & 

So ]?at J'is Macolom • nere he no so prout • macolom. 

Dude king willam omage • & bicom is man al out • 

And acorded hii were alle voure • as willam vr king • [389] 

And king Macolom & roberd • «fe edgar a]?eling • 

po bileuede roberd • almest uorte cristemasse • 7990 

Mid is bro|?er in engelond • bote tueye dawes lasse • 



7976. Ill so a\>elin(j'] Athelynge also /8. I'or] forj' a; forj^e /8. 

7977. wende'\ come 5 ; -were goii /8. her'] om. ayS; huder C ; hedir 5. 

7978. barnde ^' destrude'] brende and distroyed 7. 

7979. )?e ti]>inye] >e tydynge B ; ti^ynge C ; tiding a; tydynges )3. 

7980. Roberd is bro]>er] his brother Eoberde 7. hor beire] here ei)>er 
;8 ; her both 5. 

7981. ^] om. a;8. ost i^' stren<j\>e] strengj>e & ost a/8. stre7iy\>e] 
stronge S. irwu] anon C. come] hi come a ; )>ei come P. 

7982. sette] setten jS. a^e?i hom] him ayen 0. lute] litel C; o lute 
a ; a litel |8; a Htil S. 

7983. was ibro%t] ibrout al was a ; brouU was /3. 

7984. po wende uor]>] po a ; Whenue yS. courtehese] Courtehe A ; 
courtehose C ; Courtese B ; courtehiise a ; Courthose 5. 

7985. &,• acordede] Made acorded a ; Made acorde fi. Macolom] 
kyng (kynge S) Macolom C5. luillam] kynge \Yilliam 5. 

7986. \>is] om. C. nere he no] were he neuer fi ; were he neuere 5. 
prout] stowte 5. 

7987. king] om. 5. 

7988. And] om. Ca^S. acorded] acordede Ba. acorded .... 
voure] Alle foure hi (J^ei /8) were acorded afi. alle] om. B. as] 
as vorst B ; as furst C ; as first 5. 

7 9 89. And] om! ajS. edgar] kynge y ; Edward 5. 

7990. po bileuede .... cristemasse] Almest Robert bilefde ]>o fort 
cristes masse a ; Almost Robert bileiied J)an vn to cristenmasse P. 
cristemasse] crystesmasse C ; Cristismas 5. 

7991. ttteije dawes] two dayes 7. 



574 THE CHRONICLE OF 

foi. 116. Ac in wilt he wende ]>o • & so to normandye • 

& edgar a]?eling mid him • as in god compaynie • 
po adde willam yv king . in pes al engelond • 
»fe to him vaste iobliged • ]>e king of scotlond • 7995 
Lii]?er he was arst inou • & wel wors he was ]>o • 
He dude abbeys &:; priories • in )>at lond wel wo • 
His streng]?e k^ is wisdom • as ich abbe er ised • 
He turnde to luj^emesse • ]>o lanfranc was ded • 
iNlaii Mores Tweye lu];er lawes • he adde wip> him al out • 8000 
regis- jj^ speninge he was fol large • In herte J'oru out 
prout • 
Vor is prute he ne tolde • of god ne of man ritt 

no^t • 
Ne after no red he nolde do • bote after is lu]7er 

J^o^t. 
Milce nas J'er mid him non • ne no Manere Mek- 

hede • 
Ac as a tirant tormentor • in speche &; ek in dede • 
Vor he was so fol large • as robbeour he was • 8006 
And destruede al )>at lond • J>at no god alonde nas • 



7992. .4c] As 5. in'] in to BCa/85. so'] su)j)je B. to] in to ;3. 

7995. iobliged] oblisched P. 

7996. arst] erst y. §•] om. afi. 

7997. \>at] >e BCo)35, wel] wel muche Co; ry^t moclie fi; muche 5. 

7998. ised] seyde y. 

7999. to] al to BCo/3 ; alle to S. lanfranc] landfranc a. 

8000. lu]>eT] lujjere a. lawes] lackes BC5 ; lakkes o. 

8001. speninge] speynynge C ; spening a; spendj-nge /85. In herte] 
& of herte Ca$ ; and of hert S. )poru out] om. a^. out] om. S. 

8002. is] om. a/8. prute] pride )8. tolde] rowjte /3. 

8003. no] om. a;8. nolde] Avolde j85. do] do nojt j8. 

8004. Milce] Mercye 5. nas \>er] )>er nas B ; was ^er )35. no Manere] 
after no B. Mekhede] meok hede B ; mukhede a. 

8005. a tirant] a terant B ; tyraunt C ; a Ityrand a. tormentor] & 
tormentor a ; & turmentour /3. ek] also /3, 

8006. fol] foul C; foole j8, large] rageC. robbeour] o robbeour o; 
oo robbour P ; a roboure 5. 

8007. And destruede] He distroyed y. >>a<] J^e /35. god] gode B. 
alonde] in ^e lond 5 ; >er inne a0. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 0/0 

per ne ssolcle no mete ne drinke • bote it ouer dere • 
Come wi|7miie is wombe • ne clo]? ouer is siiere • 
Wanne it come biuore him . he nolde ]?er of no^t • [390] 

Nere it no so lute wor]? • bote it were ouerdere 

ybo^t . 8011 

As is chanberlein him bro^te • ar he aros aday • 
Amorewe uor to werie • a peii'e hosen of say • 
He esste wat hii costnede • J^re ssillinges ]?e oj^er 

sede • 
Fi a debles qua]? \>e king • wo sey a so vil dede • 
King to werye eny clo]? • bote hit costnede more • 
Buy a peire of a marc • o]?er ]>on ssalt acorie sore • 
A worse peire of inou • J;e oj^er su|?}e him bro^te • 
& sede hii were of a marc • & vnne]? so ibou^te • 
Ze belamy qua]> ]'e king • pes were wel ibo^t • 8020 



8008. mo] uon B ; om. ay3 ; neyj>er 5. we] no C ; nor 7. it] yt were 
B ; hit were Co ; it were $S. ouer dere] ouerdure Ca. 

8009. wi\>i7me'] in B. oiier] on /3. suere] swure a ; swere ff. 

8010. biuore'] bjfoni 5. 7wlde] wolde ^5. 

8011. Nere] Were /85. ?io so lute] no so muche Ca; neuer so moche 
i3 ; neuere so muche 5. bote] hot if 5. ouerdere] dere B/85 ; 
dure Ca. 

8012. chanberlein] chamberlain a ; chaumberleyn fi. ar] as Ba5 ; 
when fi. aros aday] ros aday B ; roos on a daie fi ; ros vpon a daye 5, 

8013. iverie] were fi. hosen'] hose B ; hoses C5. sai/] saie fi. 

8014. esste] eschte C ; eschete a; asked y. costnede] coste C; 
cost fiS. ssillinges] ssyllyng B ; schilliges a. >e o];>er sede] he 
sede a^ ; he sayde y. 

8015. sey] isei C ; see y. a so vil] so vjl B ; so fil C ; so vil a ; so 
vile a ;8 ; so foule a 5. 

8016. King] a kyng C ; A kynge fi. to weri/e] werije a ; to were fi. 
costnede] cost 5. more] ]>e more afi. 

8017. Buy] Bu B ; bi C ; Bye fi. a peire] one peire a. o];>er] or 75. 
\>ou ssalt] >o C. acorie] acori^e a ; hit acoiye C ; be acorye B ; it 
abei>e fi ; it abyche 7 ; abye 5. 

8018. A] One a. of inou] j^an J^ei were fi; a grete dele 5. su\>)>e 
him] him sej>]?e a. 

8019. of] vor B ; for afi ; fore 5 ; for of C. S^ vnne]> so] vnne so C ; 
vnne>e se^l^e a ; sithe TnneJ>e fi. ibou-^te] bou)t fi. 

8020. ye] om. afi. i>es] t^er B. 



576 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



paracio 
mes . . 



Morbus 



In }>is manere serne me • o]?er ]?ou ne ssalt me serue 

no^t • 
pe tour he made of londone • willam pe rede king • 
& ]7e mucliel halle of westmunstre • ]7at so noble is 

J»oru alle ]>ing • 
po he to ]ns halle com • he chidde tfe made him wro]? • 
Vor he was bi ])& haluendel • to lute he suor is o]> • 
Him ne roite hou he spende • ne wat he was so 



prout • 
peruore he destruede • |?at londfolc al out • 
So ]?at in is lu|?erhede • to gloucestere he wende 
giouernie. & "pere j^ei it lute were • siknesse god him sende 
^.,, J J (5 1^ In J'e lev of grace a j^ousend • & four score & 



[391] 



802G 



]?ret- 
8030 



tene • 

Hit was ]'at he lay sik • at gloucestre ich wene • 
po dradde he sore of is dep • & is misdede of |;o^te 

sore • 
& bi het god j^at he nolde be • luj^ermon nammore • 



8021. /?«] On afi. serue'} serue }>ou C ; ^ou serue a; Jjow serue /3. 
o\)er'] or )3. we] om. 5. me serue'] me seruy C ; serue me S ; 
ri'^t a ; ry)t $. 

8022. )?e rede] i>js proute B ; \>\s proute C07 ; \>h proude /8 ; }>ys proud S. 

8023. \>e] om. B. muchel] muche B ; muchele a. of]\na; at )3. 
icestmunstre] westmyster Ca ; londone Ba ; london 5 ; Londoun ^'. 
i>at so noble is] hat so muche was B ; noble a^. ];>oru alle \>iny] mid 
alle Jjing o ; with al J^ynge fi ; wyth a thynge 7. 

8024. \>is] his y. made him wro];>] made wor> a. 

8025. he] hit a^. )>e haluendel] J>at halffendel a. lute] litel y3. he] 
& afi. 

8026. rotfte] routhe 7. spende] spendide 7. ne wat] 8c fore $. 

8027. destruede \>at londfolc] destroiede \>e reme and \>e. londe folke /3. 
})a<] ^e 5. al out] allaboute S. 

8028. is] >issea; this 7. lu]>erhede] lut)ernesse BCci;35. to] anone 
to )3. he] om. C. 

8029. &•] om. afi. it] hitt a. lute] to lute Bo ; to lite C ; to litel j3 ; 
to lytil 5. 

8030. In] om. afi. a] o a; 00 7. §v/oMrscore] fourscore a. 

8032. sore] om. ;3. /s] J>e BCaS. ^] om, a. of \>oyte] a]>oute C ; 
abow^t /3 ; athought 7. 

8033. l?a<] om. a^. nolde] wolde /3. ie] beo so a; be so /3, 
naniHiore] no more afi. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 577 

Ac ]>at he wolde to engelond • & to holi chirche also • 

Be god & amendi • ]7at he adde misdo • 8035 

King Macolom hurde telle • ]?erof in scotlonde • 

To him to gloueestere • sone he sende is sonde • 

& bed him vor is trywenesse • J>e vorewarde abbe in 

J;o^t . 
pat bituene horn was ymad • J^at he breke it no^t • 
pe king him sende word a^en • to be triwe & hende • 
And bed him al saiif to him • to gloucestre wende • 
And Make him obligacion • &z ostage him gan sende = 
pat he ssolde to him come • al sauf in ech ende • Macolom. 

Macolom ileuede j^is • & to gloueestere ]>en wey 

nom • 
Ac ]>e king he vond in such point • J^o he |?uder com • 
pat he ne mi^te wi]? him speke • a^en he wende 

wro}» • 8046 

&; ]7er of he wolde be awi'eke • he suor is more o]? • 
Vaste he ^arkede is poer • ]>o he com to scotlonde • ^acobm. 
&5 wende a^en to worri • her vp engelonde • 
& robbede & barnde • & sone }?oru godes sonde • 8050 
He vond hard encontre • in nor]?humberlonde • 



8034. §• to'] & a. 

8035. god] gode B ;good man $. amouW] amende B^. li^at] al >at C. 

8036. 'Macolum] Macolon B. Verof] herof B ; of J>is caas at 
hoom /3. 

8037. To] And to fi. to] in to 5. 

8038. bed] bad a; prayed j8. is] om. j8. trt/wenesse] treu^e S. abbe] 
haue y. 

8039. r/mad] made ;3. breke] ne breke BCoi3, it] his C. 

8041. bed] bad a. to him to] come to hym & to C. 

8042. make] made BCa|85. ostage] costage B. 

8043. ech] eche Ba. 

8044. ileuede] leued 13 ; \>en lyued 5. c^] om. cc/3. I'e?*] J>e Bocfi ; 
>ane C. nom] he nom a ; he nome /3. 

8045. he] }>ane C. • king he vond] kynge was ^. 

8047. Sj-] om. Ba;3. 

8048. poer] ost j8. >o] when >at P. 

8049. Omitted in aj8y. vp] up on C ; vpon 5. 

8050. §• sone] ac sone C5. 

8051. eiicontre] econtre C ; chaunce P. ?«] ia cuntre of ^ ; in the 
cuntree of 7. See Appendix, Note Q Q. 

O O 



[392] 



578 THE CHKONICLE OF 

Yor ]7e eii of nor]7liomberlond • sire roberd de Mounbrey • 
Nas noj^ing wel ipaid • mid king Macolomes pley • 
bellum. pat he destrued so is lond • he ^arkede vaste • 
occisio His poer & let him • bataile atte laste • 8055 

"^^ ^ per was king macolom aslawe • &; edward is sone al so • 

pat was is sone & is eir • & muche of is folc j^er to • 
pe tij^inge sone com • to Margarete is wif • 
pat boj'e ii'e louerd Sz, ire sone • adde ilore j^at lif • 
obitus Jieo let hire ssriue & hoseli • & vnnej^e out et • 8060 
Ar heo nor deol & sorwe • & anguisse |?at lif let . 
po was willam onre king • al quit of ]>ulke fon • 
Vor J^er ne bileuede of hor children • aliue bote on • 
Mold J'at was ]>e gode quene • j^at euere wor]? in munde • 
Vor jjoru hire com uerst engelond • aten to ri^te 
kunde • 8065 

Kyng willam keuerede a^en • to hele al to sone • 
& dude alonde wou inou • as is wone was to done ■ 



8052. Vor i>e erl of^ for an erl in C. 'de Mounhrey'] de Moubrey B ; 
de montbrei a ; Montbrey /8. 

8053. Nas"] Was )85. ipaid'] apaicl C ; apayd a ; paied )3. kinxf'] 
om. a)3. 

8054. destrued'} distroyed y. so] om. 5. ytrkede'] ^arkede hym C ; 
parked him j8. 

8055. His] "With his )8. -^ef him] ^af him \>o a; 3,aue him ban j3 ; 
yaue than 7. bataile] a bataile S. 

8056. king] om. a$. aslaive] slaj-ne 7. 

8058. J^e ti)pinge sone com] po bis tibynge com C ; P'o be tibinge com a; 
Whenne be tidynge come was ^ ; Tho be tybynges come S, 

8059. bo\>e] om. a^. adde ilore] ylore adde B; hadde lost bus /3 ; had 
losen S. Yat] here (8 ; be 5. 

8060. hoseli] hously C ; houseli a ; housel ;8, out] o^t B. 

8061. Ar heo] That sche 0. nor deol Sf sorwe] ful ded in sorwe C. 
anguisse] angwische /8. \}at] be S. b«< lif let] was ded a ; was 
deed )8. 

8062. ]>ulhe] his /8. 

8063. ]>er] om. C. bileuede] lefde o; leuede /3. of] at laste of B5; atte 
laste of C ; at be laste of a ; at be last of ;8. aliue] om. BCajSS. bote] 
no)t B. 

8064. Mold i>at was] pat was mold a; That was molde /3. u-or\>} 
schal be j8. inunde] mynde C. 

8065. Vor] om. aj8. uerst engelond aje?j] engelond ajen vorst B. 
8067. alonde] be lond C5j in londe a^. is wone was] he was woned a^. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 579 

A god pope was J^ulke time • at rome j^at liet vrban • foi. in. 

pat prechede of J^e croyserie • & croysede moiii a Cmcis 

signacio. 
mon • 

per of he sende prechors • j^orii al cristendom • 8070 

& him sulf a J'es half ]?e mouns • & to france com • 

And prechede so vaste • «fe wi]? so gret wisdom • 

pat aboute in eche londe • J^e crois vaste me nom • 

In ]>e leY of grace • aj^ousend & fourscore & sixtene • 

pis grete croiserie bigan • ]?at longe was isene • 8075 

Of so muche folc • nyme ]>e croys • ne to J^e holy londe 

go- 
Me ne sey no tyme biuore • ne sii]?|?e na]7emo • 
Vor sulue wimmen ne bileuede • ]7at hii ne wende 

]7iider vaste • 
Ne tong folc ]?ei hii feble were • ]>e wnle j^e veage 

ilaste • 
So ]?at roberd coiirtehese • )?uderward is herte caste • [393] 

&o among oj^ere gode knittes • ne Jjo^te no^t be j^e 

laste • 8081 



8068. yl] a ; Oo y. teas \>ulhe time] )?at time was a ; >at >aii 
-was j8. 

8069. croyserie'] creyserye B ; creiserye o. croysede] creysede B ; 
croicede a. a mon] man B. 

8070. per of ] peruore B. 

8071. Sf-] om. aP. him sulf] His self y. a ]>es] a l?is C ; a J>eos a ; 
on jjis )3. 7nouns] mons a ; mount fi ; monies C. to] into a0. 

8073. eche] euery 5. crois] croos y. vaste me] vaste men C ; me 
faste a ; men fast /3 ; fast men y. 

8074. a]o a; oo 7. ^-fourscore] om. AB ; fom-e score 0. 

8075. croiserie] creyserye B ; creiserie 5. icas] hit was a. isene] 
sene y. 

8076. Of so] So a; So j^at 0. nyme] hat nom C ; toke ^5. \>e] 
>is a. ne] & a)3. go] gan go ;8 ; ge 0. 

8077. Me ne sey] Men ne sawe j3. biuore] >er bi fore a. sm»c] 
sithen 7. na];>emo] nej^emo C ; no J?e mo a ; neuer >e mo ^5. 

8078. sulue] )>e self )3; fewe 5. luimmen] wummen B. bileuede] lefde 
a ; leuede 0. hii ne wende ];>uder] J^eoder ne wende a ; >ider ne weute )8. 

8079. veage] viage C. ilaste] laste a. 

8080. courtehese] curtehose C ; courteliuse a ; cm'thuse /8 ; Courthose 5. 

8081. among] mid a ; with 0. rie] he ne Qay ; om. S ; he ^. \>o'^te 
no-^t be i>e] J^oute to be >e C ; thought to be 7. be] to be 5. 

o o 2 



580 THE CHRONICLE OF 

He wende hero to engelond • vor |?e croiseiye • 

& leide willam is bro]:>er • to wedde normandye • 

& borewede ]>eY iippe of him • an hondred • };ousend 

marc • 
To wende wi|? to )?e holy lond • & ]'at was somdel stare • 
He adde arst due of normandie • nye ^er ybe • 808G 
po he adde J'is tresour • he gan him bet bi se • 
pe erl roberd of flaimdi-es • mid him w^cnde al so • 
nomiua & eustans crl of boloyne • & moni god kni^t ]>er to • 
per wende ]?e due geffray • & ]>e erl baldewine j^ere • 
& ]?e o|7er baldewine al so • ]?at noblemen were • 8091 
& kinges su]?]7e alle ]?re • of )?e holy lond • 
pe erl steuene ]?e bles wende ek • ]?at grot poer adde 

an hond • 
pat roberdes soster courtehese • ispoused adde to wiue • 
per wende ^ut o]?er knittes • j^e beste )>at were aliue • 
As ]?e erl of sein gile • ]?e gode reimond • 809 G 

& vel pe kinges bro]?er of franee • & ]>e erl beaumond • 



8082. wende here'} come hider S. croiserye'] creyserye B; croiceri^e a. 

8083. leide'] lefte 5. normandye'] al Normandie y. 

8084. \>er uppe cf him] of hym Jjervppe B ; of hym her vp on C ; of bim 
J^er vpon 5 ; ^er open a ; J>er yp on 0. an] ou a; and y. 

8085. wi]>] )5er\vi)j aB. 

8086. arst] erst y. nye] ny^e a ; nyne C0 ; thre 5. 

8087. bet] \>e bet Ca; }>e bette 5 ; >e better P. 

8088. roberd] om. 5. 

8089. eusta7is] eustas BCa;85. 7no7ii god] many a goude C ; many a 
good ;65. 

8090. geffray] godefrai Co ; Godfraye y. 

8091. 7ioblemen] so noble men Ca;85. 

8092. sui>]>e alle \>re of] hi were seh^e alle Jjre of a; J?ei were al J>re 
sithen ^. lo7id] londe a. 

8093. pe erl] om. o^S. ste^iene'] Stefue a. \>e bles] de bleys B ; le 
bloys C ; \>e bleis a ; ]?e Blais /3 ; the Balais y ; J?8 bleys 5. ek] also 0. 
an ho7id] on honde o/3. 

8094. pat] And B. ispoused] spoused a^ ; wedded 5. 

8095. aliue] alyfe y. 

8096. erl] er A. reimond] reymounde C. 

8097. vel] uel BCct ; Neel)3. i>e ki7iges] the good knyghtes y ; ^e C. 
beatimond] beaumonde C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 581 

& tancred is neiieii • &5 ]>e bissop al so • 

Of podie & sire hue • ]>e grete erl ];er to • 

& folc also wij'oute tale • of al ];is west ende • 8100 

Of engelond of france • ]?uderward gonne wende • 

Of normandie of denemarch • of nor]?weye of bru- 

tayne • 
Of walls & of yiionde • of gascoyne & of spayne • 
Of prouence • & of saxoyne • & of alymayne • 
Of scotlond • & of grece • of rome • of Aquitayne • 8105 
Me ne hurde neuere bat god • so vair erace an erbe fol. ii7 b. 

, r & tor rg^^^-j 

sende • 
pat so muche folc at o tyme • to ]>e holy lond wende • 
pis folc at constantinoble • biuore ]>e emperom' • 
Alex J^at was ]?o • come wi]? gret honour • 
Su]^p>e hii dude horn in ]>e se • and ariuede atte laste • 
Su]?];e ]>e toun of nyce • hii bisegede vaste • 8111 

Hii departede verst hor ost • as in vour partye • Capcio 

And at ech of ]>e vour ^ates • sette an compaynie • Dacioues 
Vor roberd courtehese • Mid l?e poer bat was his • (MS. Di- 

■ ClODGS") 

& ]>Q erl of flaundres were iset • at ]?e est ^ate ywis • custodum. 

8099. podie'] podys B ; podije 07. sire hue'] seth huo 5. ber to] 
also Jjer to ^. 

8100. west] weste B. 

8101. o/"] & of B5. gojme] \>ei gonne yS ; gan 5. 

8102. of] & of 5. nor);>weye] norewei^e o. of] & of 5. 

8103. Sfof] of C. gascoyne] gasconye B ; garscoyne C. 

8104. Of prouence 8^- of] Office Prouynce of ^. §- of] of Ca; & also 
of /3 ; & 5. saxoyne] saxonye B. 

8105. §• of] of Ca/3. of Aquitayne] and Aquitayne Ba ; & of aquitayne 
C5. 

8106. Me ne hurde] Menharde 0. so vair . . . se7ide] on erj'e suche 
grace sente j3. so vair] such a. an er))e] om. C ; on erj^e a. 

8107. Vat so] So Mj8. at 0] at one Cct ; t-at /3. lond] londe B. 

8108. X!is] Thes 3. Constantinoble] Constantinople o ; Constantyne >e 
noble /3. 

8109. Alex] Al'exi Ca5 ; Alexsaundre /8 ; Alexaunder 7. >o] >an 3; 
thaune 7. 

8110. Su]>\>e] SwiJ^e a. )>e] om. B, 

8111. Su\)\>e] & so a ; And fi. vaste] at \>e tyme fast fi. 

8112. verst] om. a/3, hor ost"] her of B. as] & a; J^at tyme 3. 

8113. ech] eche Ba. ««] o ; 00 o'. 
8115. iset] sette 7. 



582 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Atte nov]fia,te was tancred • & ]?e due biaumond • 81 IG 
Atte souMate was j^e bissop ■ &> ]>e gode erl reimond • 
And J^e due godefray • & steuene de bleys al so • 
And sire hue ]?e grete erl • atte west tate were ido • 
Hii bigonne an hal J'ores euen • ]>en toun to asaili 

])ere • 8120 

Stalwardliche &5 vaste inou • noblemen as it were • 
Hit ]?o^te J?at al ]>e eir aboute • vol was of cri anon • 
& ]?at me ne mi^te no2t ise • bote arwen & flon • 
^ stones out of lij^eren • & of magnels al so • 
Muche was ])e manslatt • }>at pere was ido • 8125 

[3951 Vor hii wi)?inne versse were • wi})oute trauail & tene • 
& adde hor ginnes to sseten out • & J?e wal horn was 

bitwene • 
pe cristine failede of al |?is • war ])orn in a stounde • 
Alas muchedel of hom • was ibro_^t to grounde • 

8116. Atte'] At i>e Ca. tancred] Taukaide 7. biatimond] Beaumond 
B ; beumond C ; beumund a ; Bemond y. 

8117. Attel At )?e Ca. reimond] remond B. 

8118. due'] good Erie j8. yodefray'] geffrey B. steuene'] stefue o. 
de] ^e Cay65. bleys] blois C ; Blaies )8. 

8119. hue] huo 5. 

3120. Hii biymme an] Hi in oue o; So in one &. hal] holy B7 ; holi 

Caj85. ])ores] ])Ots a ; J>ours $ ; >orsdai C ; Thursday 7 ; thurs- 

dayes 5. euen] eue BCa. ])e?i] )jane C ; ^e a^. to] om. BC ; 

gonne a ; i>ei gonne P. asaili] asaly B ; assaile j8. 

8121. Stalwardliche] Strongliche a ; Strougli /3. as it] as J>ei /3. 

8122. ]>o-^te] senied y8. al] om. 5. aboute] aboue Ba;85. vol] 
ful j8. teas of cri] of crye was 7. 

8123. me ne mixte no-yt ise] ne myjt no man se ;S. ne] om. S. arwen] 
harewen B ; areuen a ; Arowen 5 ; arwes ;S ; arowes 7. 

8124. ofli]>eren] of lu|)eren B ; of le>ereu C ; cast P. of maynels] of 
magnales B ; of mangeneles C ; maugurneles a ; of maggenells 5 ; al 
}>at {jei myjt /3. 

8125. mansla-yf] manslau^ter /8. was] was sone Co5 ; was soone /3. 
ido] do /8. 

8126. wiYinne] ]>erinue a. versse] fersche a ; fresch C ; fresche )8. 
tene] teonc a. 

8127. hor] om. a^. yinnes] gunnes S. to sseten] to ssceten B; to 
scheton C ; to schuten a ; & schot 13. ivas] om. Caj35. 

8128. cristine] cristeyn B. in a] in o a ; in 00 7. 

8129. muchedel] muchel del a. ivasibro^t] ybrojt was B; ibrout was 
Ca ; ybroujt was 5 ; war J^er brouU P; were there brought 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



583 



And na]7eles as noblemen • hii assailede euere vaste • 
So ]?at to ]>e toun walle • hii come atte laste • 8131 
And ])e o|?ere hadde ilore hor ssute • of bowe & of 

arblaste • 
Ne hii ne mi^te vor o]>ev ginnes • stones vp hom caste • 
pe cristinemen dokie vaste • & l?en wal velde adoim • ^ Capcio 
So ]?at ]>e sarazins • ^olde hom ]?en toun • 8135 

pat was ]7e chef cite • of ]>e lasse asye • 
So j?at ]7e cristinemen • adde ]>eY ]>e maistrie • 
& tresour founde & stor inou • hii astorede hom wel >ere • 
& reste hor gode bodies • ]?at wel wery were • 8139 
After six wouke & \>Ye dawes • ])at hii ]7uder come • J^^^^^^; 
Hii gTei)?ede hom & J^en wey • to antioche nome • 
Out of nyce hii wende ])0 • of lul ]>e verste day • 
Ich wene a uair compainie • neuere mon ne say • 
Vor aboute seue hondred ];ousend • of gode bodies ]>ev fol. lis. 

were • ^^^^ 

& ^ut )7er was al to muche • bihinde aslawe )?ere • 



8130. A7id] om. o/S. 

8131. So] om. o. come] comen «. 

8132. hadde ilore'] lore a ; lost 0. ssute] schote C ; schute a ; schot ff ; 
schotte 5. §■ o/] & a.5. 

8133. Ne hii lie] & ne aj8. vor oi>er yinnes] for hergunnes S. vp] apon y. 

8134. cristineme?i] cristene a ; Crysten (8. dolue] dulue Co; doluen fi; 
dalf 5. i>en] H Caff. velde] fulden a ; fulde C ; felde ^ ; felle 7.'< 

8135. ]>e] Hs Ca. sarazins] sarasons B; saracenys C; saracins a ■ 
Sarezyus )3 ; Sarezayns y. yolde] yulde C ; at >e laste >eldeii P. hom] 
hem vp Bj35 ; hom vp C ; ham op a. >ew] );ane Ca ; H ^5. 

8136. as?/e] asyje o; assise 7. 

8137. \>er] Jper^o C. 

8138. founde] om. a;8, ^ii] & Ba^. 

8139. reste] restede yS. iorfes] bones a; boones 7. we/] so B ; 
ri)t j3 ; ful 5. ^very] weri^e a. 

8140. u-omAc] woke C ; wike o ; wokes /85. Jaices] dayes 5. J^Mc/er] 
Jjudere a. 

8141. ^ Jje?i iverj'] Jjane wey a ; & >ane wei C ; awele ^ ; awey y. to] 
and to i8. wosie] hi nome a ; j'ei nome P. 

8142. /m/] luli^e a ; lulie ;8. 

8143. uair] uayror B ; fairor C ; fairere « ; fairer ^ ; fayrer 75. ne] om. 5. 

8144. For] om. a^. seue] a seuene CS ; a seuen a^. gode bodies] gode 
bodyes Ba ; goude bodies C ; good bodies ^7 ; good bodie 5 ; goodies A. 

8145. yit] om. C. was] were 5. al to] also a^; as 7. bihinde 
aslawe] aslawe byhynde B. aslawe] slayne 7. 



584 THE CHRONICLE OF 

gladins in ^^ }^{[ wenclc toAvaid antioche • liii Lihulcle an 

firraa- 

[mento]. hey • 

So J'at in ]>o firmament • ]>&t folc horn ]>ojtQ hii 

sey • 
A long snerd red as fur • \)c point ssai-]:) inou • 
& ouer painime estward • |'at point honi J^o^te drou • 
[396] Of J?is sitte hii were glad • vor horn J'o^te' it was 

tokninge • 8150 

pat god wolde ]>q sarazens • In hor poer bringe • 
Hor compainie j'at was J^o • wair • hii delde verst 

atuo • 
In ]?e one roberd cortehese • cheuentein was ido • 
& ]>e erl beumond & tancred • & pe gode kni^t 

richard • 
De prices &l cuerard • de ponsat & achard • 8155 

De monmerloy & mony oJ?ere • & ]>o )?is was al 

^are • 
VorJ? hii wende & )?e oj^er folc • bi an oj^er wei dies 

ware • 
As J>is gode compainie • ^en ri^te wey nor nome • 
pe hej^ene were of horn iwar • & a^en hom come • 

8146. bihulde] hulde C ; bihelde y. an hey'] on bighe y. 

8147. )>atfolc .... sey'] ham J>oute l^at me sey a; hem )>oujt l^at men 
sei^e ;8. \>al] t'C 5. horn] om. B. hii] om. 5. 

8148. suerd red] fuyre swerde y. red] om. a^ ; as red C. 

8149. \>at] K ai35. hom J>05<e] euer 0. 

8150. glad] glade Ba. vor] om. aj8. hom \>o-yte] J>ey )>ou)t 5, 

8151. \>e] om. a^. sarazens] sareyns 7. In] of afi. 

8152. J>o] so BCa)3S. icair] vayr B ; fair Ca; faire 0; fayre 5. hit 
delde verst] hii delde vorste B ; furst hi delde a ; furst hei partide j8 ; 
furst they departid 7. 

8153. cheuentein] cheueteyn C ;]cheuetein a ; cheuetayne 7 ; Cheueteyne 5. 

8154. <^] om. aj3§. beumond] beymond B ; Bemond 7. tancred] 
Tankard 7. 

8155. prices] pruyces B; prynces C; princes a^5. de ponsat] de 
pousat a ; de pensat J3 ; desponsad C. ^] & also sire a^. 

8156. monmerloy] mounmerloy C ; mont merloy a ; moMUt merloy ^ ; moun 
merloye 5. \>is ivas] J^ise men -were 0. 

8157. Vor\>] Vor B. \>e] om. B. an o]>er] on o>er a. 

8158. i>en'] J>ane Ca; >e B ; ^at /3. icey] were 7. iter] vor)> B ; 
forjj Ca ; for^e /35. 

8159. were] -was i3. iwar] ware 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 585 

pre lionclred ];ousend & sixty )?oiisend • wi]?oiite folc of 
arable • 8160 

So muche ]7at J^er nas non noumbre • of hor compainye • 
pe cristine were of J?e sarazins • an onywar biset • 
& vor ]>e sarazins were ywar • horn spedde wel ])e bet • 
Batayle hii smite strong inoii • ac as icholde no^t • 
Vor J7e cristinemen were • nei to grounde ibro^t • 8105 
Of trompes & of tabors • ]>e sarazins made ]?ere • 
So grct noyse }?at cristinemen • al destourbed were • 
Vor hor hors were al astoned • & nolde after wille • 
Siwe no]>er spore no bridel • ac some stode stille • 
& some lepte her & J^er • so |;at hii were icome • 8170 probitas 
In wille to fle cristinemen • & bigonne to fie some • hg^.^' 
po arnde uor]; J^e noble kni^t • roberd courtehese • [397] 

Kni^tes he sede wat wolle ^e • vuele je do]:* chese • 
Ne se te V^t ^are hors be]? • suiftore ]?an ^oiire be • 
pat le be]? dede anon • ^if ^e wolle fle • 8175 

8160. \>ouse)i(l'\ om. a. J>0Mse7u/] om. y3. 

8161. muchc] om. a0. nas'] was )3. 7(oh] uo Co^. 

8162. pe] po C. u-cre of] was with $. \>e] om. C. a?i onywar] 
on mani half o ; ou eche half /3 ; vuware 5. 

8163. )>e] \>q\ /3. ywar] om. )3. wel] om. CS ; moche |8 ; muche y. 

8164. smite] smote y. icholde] ich wolde o ; I wolde 5 ; \>e\ wolde ^ ; 
hit ne scholde C. 

8165. For] om. C. be] han j8. nei'] nQve &. z'iro)^] brought 7. 

8166. Of] Vor of Ba ; For of C)8 ; For l^e 5. trompes] trompers C ; 
trompours 5. i^- of] of o ; & ;8 ; & be 5. \>e sarazins] to saiacenes 5. 

8167. cristinemen] >e cristen men 5. destourbed] desturbut C ; dis- 
parpoiled /8; dispoiled 7. 

8168. astmied] astonyed 5. nolde after] my)t no)t suwc here wille &. 

8169. Siweno\>er] Siwia; No^er with ;8. no] ne BCa^5. some 
stode] stode ber al B ; summe stoden o, 

8170. lepte] lepe /35. 

8171. bigonne] gonne a; ganne $. 

8172. arnde] ran ; ranne 7 ; axed 5. t>e] bys 5. roberd] }>ys Robert 8. 

8173. Kni-ytes he sede] Si, seyde knytes a ; And seide kny^ttes 0. vuele 
^e] om. B. do\>] benched B ; >enchet> C; ^inche^ a; henke]>^; 
t>enche S. cJiese] cheose a ; chuse fi. 

8174. Ne] No )3. \}at] wel /3. }are] her B; hore C; hare a; here ^5, 
suiftore] sweftor C. yoztre] oure Ca^S. be] bene 7. 

8175. fatybe\>] panne be je Ca ; Than ben ^e 13; Than be )e hot 5. 
wolle] woUeJj B ; wolle J^us C ; wolle)? Ks a ; his hem P j \>mke)pQ to 5. 
Jle] flee o ; fleen $ ; flene 7. 



586 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Deie we raj>er wi}? onoiir • &; siwej> me in }7is place • 
Vor icliolle mi lif dere inoii • suUe J^oru godes grace 
He turnde is stede wi)? god eir • & atte biginninge • 
He smot J^oru out wi)? a laimce • on of hor hexte 
kino'e • 

O 

And an o]?er gret maister he sloii • »Sz; ef sone ]?e 
}?ridde • 8180 

His felawes smite uor]> wij; him • & were sone amidde • 
foi. 118 b. Bo];e tancred & biaumond • & Kichard de prince al so • 
And ]ns dpeve gode kni;tes • gode herte hom nome to • 
&D smite al anywe bataile • & to grounde slowe vaste • 
So )?at fram ]>e o]>ev ost • );er com atte laste • 8185 
Sire hue J^e grete erl • & auncel de ripemond • 
Mid an hondi'ed knittes • pur versse & sound • 
& ];e sarazines ost • wax al so vaste • 
So J^at tueie of oure princes • aslawe were atte laste • 
Vor willam tancredes bro]?er • an he]?ene king com to • 
& smot him ]7oru mid a lance • & he him al so • 8191 

8176. in] on o. 

8177. Vor2 om. o^S. icholle'] Ich wole a; I wil P. dere"] dyre C; 
dure a. suUe'] selle 5 ; selle now /3, 

8178. eir] Ire j8. 

8179. o!<<] om. aj3. a] hys B ; his Ca0S. on"] ]pe on 0. hexte"] om. a0. 

8180. A7id ail'] An C ; On o ; One /3. efso2ie] eft sone o ; efte sone C '; 
efte soone $ ; efte 5. 

8181. smite] smote 5; smoten p. loere sone] soone were y3. 

8182. Bo)>e] But j8. tancred'] Cancred 5; Tankard 7. biaumond] 
beumond BC ; beiunund o ; Bemond 7. de prince] de pruyce B ; 
>e prince aj3S. 

8183. )>is] J>es C. hom nome] uom hem B ; nom hom C. hom] 
om. S. nome] toke 7. 

8184. smite] smoten P; smytten 5. al] om. 5. anywe] o nywe « ; 
a newe )85. to] om. S. See Appendix, Note KK. 

8186. hue] huo 5, auncel] ansel C. 

8187. Mid aw] An an 5. versse] freseh C. 

8188. &f] Ac a ; But /8. jt-aa:] wexe )8, a? so] euere also a ; 
euer ;8. 

8189. \>at] om. C. tueye] tweyne 7. aslawe were] were slayn ;3 ; 
were slayne 78. 

8190. tancredes] tancardes C5; Tankard 7. aii] on a. 

8191. \>orii 7nid a launce] midi his lance J>oru a; with launce |>orwj $. 
a] hys B ; his CS. a^ so] ek also a. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 587 

So ]7at hii were bo|?e dede • & al so sire godefray • 

De mount scabiouse was • aslawe weilaway • 

Yor as he an kni^tes heued • of arable of smot • 

& he & his armure-were |?oru out hot- 8195 

On sset him ]?oru out • mid an arwe ]?ere • 

So ]?at ]7is tueye gode kni^tes • of cristine aslawe 

were • 
pis batayle laste ]?us • fram morwe vor to non • 
So ]?at ]>e verste cristine ost • was nei wat ydon • 
Vor ]>er adde vewe ahue • ofscaped in ]7e place • 8200 
tif vr louerd hom nadde isend • help ^oru is grace • 
Vor hor felawes of J?e oj^er ost • al versse to hom drowe • 
Verst ]>e due godefray • mid gode kni^tes ynowe • 
& in ^e ri^thalf of is ost • ]?e baldewines tueye • 
Were & gouernede J^e ost • mid hor poer beye • 8205 
& steuene )7e bleis mid is ost • ]>e luft side nom • 
& Roberd erl of flaundres • after ]?ulke ost com • 



[398] 



8192. So >a<] & a ; And j8. al so] ek a. 

8193. De mourW] Beumond & o ; Bemond and 0. scabiouse'] scobiouse 
C ; ytabious S ; scabiose afi. was aslaice'] a slawe was Ca ; yslaw 
was so S ; slayn was fi ; slayne were y. loeilaivay'] welaway C ; 
waylaway a ; walewaie j8 ; weillawaye 5. 

8194. an] oa; oone 7. 

8195. Ids'] al his Ca)3 ; alle his 5. armure] armere 5. tvere] was &. 

8196. On sset] And shotte 7. an] on a. 

8197. So \>at )>is] & Kos a; And so >ise jS. tueye] om. 0. aslawe] 
slayne 7. 

8198. laste] ylasteBa; ilasteC. fram] om. a. morwe] 
amorwe B ; amorewe a ; morowe 7 ; }>e morne 5. vor to non'] fort 
hit was non a ; vn to hit Avas noiie ; to uoiie 5. 

8199. J>e verste] )>\s fi. was nei wat] neywat was B ; was nerand ^• 
ydon'] al doune 0. 

8200. vewe] butfewe /3. aliue ofscaped] of scaped alyue a ; ascaped 
alyue 0. ofscaped] yscaped 5. in] of C« ; fram ^ ; oute of 5. 
)>e] t>at i8. 

8201. horn nadde] ne hadde hem j8; nadde C5. isend] sent 0. help] 
poer B. 

8202. versse] vorste B ; fresch C : fressche 5. 

8204. §•] om. 5. is] J>e 5. tueye] two ^5. 

8205. beye] bo 5 ; \>o 0. 

8206. steue7ie] stefne o. blcis] blois C ; bloys 5. luft] lefte 0. 

8207. er/] due o ; Duke /3. 



588 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Mid is poer gret inou • ac ]>e ost in ]>e ri^t side • 
SyAvede ]>e gode reimond • mid is ost wel wide • 
& vot folc wi]?oute noumbre • & |'anne |?e bissop 
drou- 8210 

In ano]'er alf of an hul • wi]? gret poer ynoii • 
pe sarazins in no bataile • neuere 2ut so iiaste • 
Fo^te ne so stifliche • j^e wule hor poer ylaste • 
Ac ]>o ]ns noble kniites • al verss up bom come • 
Hii J'at mitte of scapie • sone hor red nome • 8215 
& hor due sohman • & bigonne to fle vaste • 
victoiia gQ |,r^^ i,jg cristinemen • bileucde atte laste • 

chnsti- ' , 1 • -i 

anoiuni. Maistres in j^e velde • mid gret wo J'ei it were • 

& of armes &; of o]>ev J?inge • gret preye awey bere • 

^"'VqI^i ^° 1^^^ ^^^^ ^yeve ]>e bet astored • & hor ost al so • 8220 
In pe bigininge of lul • })is bataile was ido • 
po wende uor)? ]?is compainyc • wi|> moni a noble 

man • 
& wonne tars wi]> streng]:>e • & su]'|>e toxan • 



8208. poer^ ost fi ; oste 75. ac] CaS ; as AB ; but &. 

8209. Sywede ]>e gode reimond'\ pe gode reimund svAvede a ; \>q good Rey- 
mond sewede j8. wel'\ ry^t /3. 

8210. ^''] Ac o; On 7. vot folc'] fet folc C. Yanne] suJ>J>e B. 

8211. In ano\>er'] An oj^er a ; On }>e o^er /3. of aii] vp an BC5 ; opou a ; 
apon an /S. hul'] hulle C. 

8212. no] }jeBCa;85. 

8213. Foyte ne so stifliche'] So stifliche foute a ; Ne so stifliche fow^te /3 ; 
Ne so stifliche foutheu they 7. Fo%te ne] Ne foute ne C ; Ne foujt 5. 
ylaste] last 7. 

8214. \>is] >es 5. noble kni-^tes] knyjtes so noble P. al verss up 
horn] to hem al fresche &. verss] versse B ; fresch C ; fersche o. 

8215. of scapie] of ascape 5; ascape j8. hor red] >e ■weie /3. 

8216. Sf bifjonne] goune a ; ganne for yS ; bygan 5. 

8217. ]>is] om. 0/3 ; J^e 07. bileucde] >e victorie -wanne ;3. 

8218. Maistres] And maistres were ;3. \>ei] thof7. 

8219. ofo]>er \>i7ige] oj^ere hynges C ; o^ere Jjinges afi. 

8220. So] om. oj8, bet] better /35. 

8221. lul] lule B ; lulij a ; lulie 7 ; luly 5. bataile icas] dede was 
)>us /3. 

8222. uor\, \>is compainye] JjIs companye forJ?e ^. moni a] manije a. 

8223. ivonne] wonnen 7. tars] Tarce B ; Ta-we y. ' su\>\>e] set>J>e 
al so o ; sithe also j8. toxan] Toran /3. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 589 

& to yrenebrugge • fram j^anene hii wende • 

& vr louerd atte laste • to antioche horn sende • 8225 

pat in Ipe biginning of ]>e lond • of sirie is • 

Anon vj)e sein lukes day • ]?uder hii come yvns • 

&; bisegede j?e cite • & asailede vaste • 

& hii wi]?inne a^en horn • stalwardeliche caste • 

So J7at after cristemasse • ]>e sarazins red nome • 8230 

& ]7at folc of ierusalem • & of damache come • 

Of alef & of oj^er londes • gret poer jtiou • 

& to socouri antioche • uaste ]?uderward drou • 

So l^at J?e erl of fiaundres • & beumond atte laste • 

Mid tuenti ]?ousend of men • at en hom wende vaste • 

& smite an bataile wi]? hom • & J?e ssrewen ouer- bellum. 

come • 8236 

«fc ]?e cristine wende aien ■ mid p>e preye J?at hii nome • 
In ]fe monj^e of feuerer • ]7e sarazins ef sone • ^liu<l 

^arkede hom a gret ost • as hii were iwuned to done • 
& wende toward antioche • to helpe hor kunde blod • 



8224. yrenehrugge] )>e irene brugge C ; \>e yrene brugge a ; J^e Iren 
bregge j8. \>anene'] |>aime C ; >e hafne o ; }>e hauen /3. 

8226. lond'] londe o. of sirie js] in syri^e }>at is a ; in Surry ]?at is $. 

8227. Anoii] om. /3. r/>e] op a; Apon )3. luhes'] lucus B; 
lucas a. \>uder'\ ]>eodere o. 

8228. cite] castel ;8. asailede] assailede hure o; assailede J^e Cite ;8. 

8229. a-ycn hom] hom a^en C ; to hem /3. stalwardeliche] stalewardlich 
C ; stalwardlyche B ; staleworthliche a ; stalworj^eliche j3 ; stalworth- 
liche S ; stanvardeliche A. 

8230. cristemasse] cristesmasse C. sarazins] sarecens C (& passim). 
red] here reed j8. 

8231. \>at] )>ilk S. damache] damasse B ; damasch C; Damalche 5; 
damaske oj3. 

8232. alef] allefa; Ales 5 ; al effe?y C. y^et] myd gret B. ynou] 
nome ynou^ S. 

8233. socouri] socury C ; socoure 7. 

8235. Mid] And y3. of] om. 70. 

8236. smite an] smite o ; smoten )3. \>e ssrewen] >ilke schrewes )8. 

8237. cristine] Cristen men fi. >e] om. P. 

8238. feuerer] Feuerieer /3 ; Feueryere 7. f/ sone] eftsone 5 ; efte 
soone p. 

8239. Zarkede] Arayed S. a] om. a^S. wwjei] wonte 7. 

8240. wende] -wende hom C ; wende ham o ; went hem 5. 



590 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[400] 
Diuisio 
christia- 
norum. 



bellum. 



pe compainie of cristinemen • ]?is wel vnderstod 

To bisegi ]^is castel • hor votmen hii lete • 

& ]?e knittes wende \\oy]> • ]?e sarazins to mete 

larmed & an horse wel • & in six partye • 

Ar hii wende to ver • hii delde hor compainye 

Of J^e verste roherd courtehese • hii chose 

cheuentein • 
&; of pe ojjer \)e noble due • godefray of alimain • 
Of ]>e ]?ridde ])e gode remound • ]7e ver]7e J?e 

manne • 
pe eii of flaundres • hii bitoke • «fc J?e vifte ])anne • 
Hii bitoke )?e bissop of podye • }>e sixte partie ]>o 
pe gode tancred & beumond • ]>o nere ]>er nammo • 
pes tueye adde ]>e meste ost • ]?at as standard 

J^ere • 
Vor to helpe hor felawes • wanne hii weri were • 
pis cristine & |?is sarazins • to gadere horn 

mette • 
& as stalwardemen • to gadere vaste sette • 



8241 



8245 
to 



ffode 



8251 
was 



sone 



8255 



cm korsel a- 



8242. To] And to S. bisegi] bisege y. 

8244. larmed .... wel] Armed wel & on hors /3. 
horse B ; on horse a. six] syxty B ; sire C. 

8245. Ar] Or y. delde] departid y. 

8246. chose] chese C ; chosen 5. to] to be /8. cheuenteiii] 
chyuenteyn C ; chieuenteyn 5. 

S247. o]>er] o}>ere a. alimain] Allmayue j8. 

8248. remound] reunund o ; Eeymond y. >e ver\)e] & J^e ferjje )S ; and 
i>e fourthe y. 

8249. bitoke] toke 13. 

8250. Hii bitoke] Bi toke a ; Vnto S. podye] podi^e o. >>e] & i>e B. 
partie] om. B ; hi toke Co, ; >ei toke 8 ]>ey toke 5. 

8251. 7iere] were fiS. 

8252. wicsie] mest a. as] a C; o a; oo 7. 

8253. hor] here owen j8 ; her owne 7. n-eri] were B ; weiry C ; ryjt 
wery )8. 

8254. pis] pes a ; The j3. >/s] Jses a ; J>e yS. /o gadere horn sone] 
when J?ei to gidre mette /3. /jo?rt so??e] sone horn C. mette] 
ymette a. 

8255. sette] i>ei sette /8. 



riim. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 591 

& slowe to grounde hev & ]?er • ae ]>e hej^ene side . 

Wax euere verss & verss • of folc ]^at com wide • ^^^ ^^^ ^ 

So J?at ]7is cristinemen • were al at groimde nei • 

po beumond wi)? is ost • ]?is gi'ete sorwe isei • 

He & tanered & hor men • l>at al versse were • 8260 

Smite vor]? as noblemen • in to ]?e bataile ]>ere • 

& sturede horn so nobliche • ]>&t loye it was to se • 

So ]7at hor felawes J>at were • vpe ]^e point to fie • 

Nome to liom gode lierte • & vo^te vaste inou • ^ Cou^te- 

Kobert iierst conrtehese • is gode suerd adrou • 8265 

& smot anne vpe l^e helm • & an such stroc him ^ef • [4oi] 

pat ]>e scoUe & j^e te]> & nekke • & ssoldren he to clef- 

pe due godefray al so god • vi^e ]>e scolle smot on . ^^.^^.^ 

& uorclef him al ]?at bodi « to [^e sadel anon • b'Zb\) ^^^^^^. 

pe on half vel adoun anon • )?e oj^er bileuede stiUe • ri- ^ 

In ]?e sadel ]?ei it wonder were • as it was godes wille • 

8256. to grounde} faste o ; fast^. 

8257. Wax-] & waxe a ; Wexe y. verss ^ verss] fersch & ferscli C ; 
ferchs & ferchs «. com] come « ; drowe to hem ^. 

8258. So \>at \,is cristinemen-] To J>e Cristen mennes ostes ^. ]>is] \>& a. 
at grounde] grounde B ; to groimde y. 

8259. beumond] Eeymond S. -, ^ , ,-, 

8260. He] om. a)3. hor] his ^. al] alle «. versse] fersch C ; 

fersche a. 

8261. Smite] Smiten a ; Smote ^. m] om. a$. 
8262 hom so nobliche] ham so nobleliche a ; so nobeliche hem self fi. 

8263. So] om. a)3. vpe \>e point] vp ponyt B ; in pomte for a ; m 
poynt for ^. 

8264. Nome] Toke 78. „.,-,£. 

8265. Bobertuerst] Furst rohert a; Furst Eoberd fi. <s gode] first 
his S acZrozt] he drou a ; oute drou) P ; drou^ 5. 

8266. anne] on «/3S ; oon 7. ^/^e] op a ; Tp S ; apon ^. a« sucA] 
such a B ; a swuch C ; such a ; suche a /35. 

8267. \>e scolle] scolle a^. \>e teV] tej. Ba ; teeth ^ ; tethe 5. «eMe] 
}>e necke BC. sso/f/^'e?*] W ssoldren B ; schuldren 5 ; schuldres ^. 
/oc/e/] klaf ^. ,, ^ ^, 

8268. ^orf] om. a§. vpe] op « ; vpon ^ ; apon 7. scolle] ssoldren 
B ; scholdre Ca ; schuldres ^. ,., , , ^ „ c .n 

8269. §• «07-c/e/] & verclef B ; And nere clef 5 ; That he cleef /3. >«?] 
j,e )3S. >e sadel] )>at Sadel howe ^. 

8270. vel] ful C flo?o?zw] doTvne 7. 

8271. I'O om. a. as] om. o^. 



592 



THE CHROXICLE OF 



victoria 
christi- 
anitatis. 



paracio 
belli. 



pis hors bere nor]? ]ns haliiemon • among is felawes 

anon • 
& hii nor ]>e wonder cas • in drede velle eclion • 
Wat uor drede ]?er of • & nor streng|;e of hor fon • 
More ioye ];an ]?er was • nas neuere iseie non • 8275 
In biginninge of leinte • |^is bataile was ydo • 
& ^ut sone ]>ev after • an oper com al so • 
Vor ]>e sarazins in paynime • tarkede vole inou • 
& ];at folc ]>o it tare was • to antioche drou • 8279 
po J'e cristine it vnderiete • a^en hii wende vaste • 
So I?at hii mette horn & smite • an bataile attelaste • 
Ac )>c cristine cride al on god • & god eniest nome • 
& J'oru ]7e grace of ihesii crist • ]>e paens hii ouer- 

come • 
& slowe to groiinde here & }?er • ])e o]?er flowe anon • 
So pat at a narwe briigge • "per adreintte monion • 8285 
[402] per ofscapede vewe aliue • so narw ];e briigge was • 



8272. pis'] pe C ; pat aj3. bere] ber B ; bar a; bare /3. uor]i>'] om. 
a)3. Jj/s] )>e o p. a7io7i'\ echon Bo ; echone Cj85. 

8273. J^e] )5at ct;8. r/rec/e] gret drede ^8. re//e]fulC. echon] 
anon Ba ; anone C)35. 

8274. Wat] That 7S. Sf nor] & a&. See Appendix, Note SS. 

8275. 7ias] was fid. iseie] sene y. 

8276. In] In }>e Ca^5. leinte] lente C ; lenten 5. pis] \>at 13. 
ydo] do y. 

8277. an] on a; oone y. com] ))er com B. 

8279. ]/at] >ylk S. \>o it yire was] >o J^ey redy were 5 ; when J>ei redy 
were j8. chou] hit di'ou a ■ j^ei di'ou^ yS. 

8280. po] om. afi. it] om. S. imderyete] vuderstode y. axeii] 
ajen ham a ; a^en hom C ; a^en hem 5 ; & a^en hem P. 

8281. 7nette hom] ham mette a; mette ;3. smite] smytten 5; smote y. 
a7i] o a ; 00 stronge fi ; om. 5. 

8282. 07i] to a/3. er7iest] vrnest o ; hernest 13. 7io7ne] to ham nome 
o ; to him nome j8 ; to hem nome y. 

8283. pae7is] payns C ; paynymys B ; paynemes y ; painimes 5. 

8284. J>e] & )je B. o]}er] o>ere a. Jlowe] felaws 5. 

8285. So \>a.t] 8c a ; And 13. a] an C ; one o ; 00 ^. ?iarwe] 
narewe afi ; narowe y. b/-ugge] bregge fi. adrei7itte] adrent B ; 
adraynt y. 

8286. per] Therof S. ofscapede] ascapede a ; ascapid 7 ; ascaped S. 
vewe] none 5. aliue] on lyue 7. narw] narwe B ; fiarewe a. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 593 

pat hii nere adreint oj^er aslawe • & ]?at was a uair cas • 

pe VT^ninde water was • of hor blod al red • 

Wat adreint wat aslawe • tuelf princes |;er were ded • 

pat me clupe]> amirails • a uair cas it was on • 8290 

pe cristinemen • adde of horn • of armure gret won • 

Of gold & of seluer ek • & J^er after hii noma • 

pe haueden of J^e hexte Maisters • & to antioche come • 

& leide is in hor ginnes • & in to ]'e cite is caste • 

po hii wij?inne iseie ]?is • sore hii were agaste • 8295 

pat hor maistres were so aslawe • hii gonne drede sore • fol. 120. 

Hii hulde it lute wor|? • pen toun to wite More • 

pe cristine men horn wuste ek • so vaste wi}?oute • 

pat hom ne miite come no mete • ]>e more was hor doute • 

A maister |7at was wij'inne • sende to |'e erl beumond • 

To telde vp is warde • to ben hoi & sound • 8301 Capcio 

^ antiochie. 

8287. hii] om. a. ncie] ne were j8. adreint'} aclreyntte C ; adreinte a. 
oi>er aslawe'] oru. 5. aslawe'] slayne 7. (§' ]>at] J?ere B ; >at Ca)3. 
a] o a; 00 y. 

8288. vrjiinde] jurnende C ; rennynge j3 ; ernynge 5. was] vaste B. 

8289. adreint] adreinte a; adrounte 5; draynt /3. icat] & -what C ; 
& a. aslawe] jslayen 5 ; slayne 7. were] was ;8. 

8290. clupc'p] callid j3. amirails] amirals a; amerals )3. . a uair] 
& a fair C ; o fair a ; 00 faire /3. 

8291. cristineme?)] cristemeu B. of horn] j'au /8. 9''et] good $, 
wo7i] ywou a ; woue &. 

8292. Sf] om. ;S5. ek] also ;3. 

8293. haueden] heueden B ; hefden o ; heedes /8 ; heedus 5. hexte] 
heiste C ; heyest 5 ; om. a/3. 

8294. is] hem S ; om. a/8. in] in to ;8. yinnes] gunnes 5. >e] 
om. B. cite] toun S. is] hem /8 ; om. aS. 

8295. iseie] sey^e a ; sawe 7. hii were] were hii B. 

8296. so] om. ajS. aslawe] slayn /8. goime] gan j8 ; ganne 7 ; gon 5. 
drede] to drede 5. 

8297. Hii] And B ; po hi a ; Thanne >e (they 7) fiy. lute] litel 13 ; 
ful lytil 5. \>cn] >ane a. wite] witi^e a ; kepe /85. More] any 
more /3. 

8298. wuste eh] wiste also j3 ; kepte wel 5. so vaste] & fast 5; 
among hem /3. 

8299. hom ne miite] to hem myght 5. 710 mete] uon mete B ; mete no 
drynke 0. \>e more] \>o more C. 

8300. A] a. erl] vrl a. 

8301. yelde] ^elden B; julde C. v/>] hym vp C; him vp a^S. is] 
t>ys 5. to] & B. ben] be Ca7. 

P P 



594 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Ar his felawes were iwar • he ^elcl him vp j^ere • 
pre toures of ]>e cite • )?at in is wavde were • 
po beumond ])er inne was • is baner anon let rere • 
po sarazins it iseie • hii were soradel in fere • 8305 
C"**^^] & hulde horn al ouercome • j^e cristine anon come • 

& ]7is toun vpe ]?is luj>ermen • as vor no^t hii nome • 
& slowe al ]?at hii founde • bote wiich so mi^te fle • 
& astorede hom of hor tresour • as me mi^te ise • 
pus was I'e j^ridde day of lun • antioche inome • 8310 
& as al in ])ulke side • |?e sarazins ouercome • 
CoUacio pis was sone wide • in painime ibro^t • 
rum*"*'' So ]?at j^e princes of painime • were in gret ]70^t • 
& sende euerich to o]?er • so ]?at corboran • 
pat was maister of ])e grete ost • \Tider ]>e soudan • 
& )?e king of Jerusalem • & of damache al so • 8316 
Gaderede as gret poer • as hii mi^te do • 
& come VY>e ]ns cristinemen • mid gret ost atte laste • 
Mid ])& grete strengj^e of painime • & bisege hom uaste • 



8303. pre] pe B. ?h] on a. 

8304. ano7i'] om. a$. let] he let Ba ; he lete 0S. 

8305. po] po J^e BC ; The 5 ; When J^e )8. iiifere] afere P. 

8306. hiilde] helde a ; helden j8. al] alle a, 

8307. \}is] \>e CS ; the y. vpe l>is] fram }>e 13. hii] om. BCS. 

8308. Omitted in 5. founde] ^v\ih lune founde ;3. unich so] whiche 
so a ; hilke ]>at /8. 

8309. ise] see y. 

8310. pus] pis C5, ivas] om. fi. lun] luni 5. antioche] \>aX 
antioche C. inome] was nome fi ; was ynome CS. 

8311. as a/] as alle a; alle as /8. 

8312. pis] pys word B ; pis word C ; pis worde a/SS. icide] oueral 
wide ;8. paimme ibroyt] al payneyme brou^t ;8. 

8313. i>e] om. B. of] in Ba. were] weren a. i7i] of B. 

8314. euerich] ener eche /3 ; eueryche y. to] after B. o]>er] oj^ere a. 
corboran] cm'baran Ca/3S. 

8315. was maister .... ost] maister of ... . was a^. 

8316. damache] damasse B ; damasche C; damaske a. 

8317. as gret] so gret ctjS : as muche C. hii miyte] J>ei euer myjt B ; 
euere myght y. 

8318. vpe ]>is] opon a ; apon j8. 

8319. grete] meste BCa ; most)3; moste 7S. painime] paynemes iS. 
bisege] byseged B ; bisegede Ca ; biseged )35. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 595 

Her adde lo |>is cristinemen • as ye ssoUe ihiire • 8320 Miseria 

Muche wo ])e wule god wolde • j^at it ssolde dui-e • orum. 

Hii bisegede vaste ]?e toun • so ]7at ]>e Jridde day • 

pe cristine ost smot him out • |?o he time isay • 

& hopede do gode nede • ac bote lute wor]? it nas • 

Vor of |?e lu)7er sarazens • so gi-et poer \>er was • 8325 

pat |7e cristinemen at en • flowe In wel vawe • 

& ^ute manie ar hii come in • were ibrott of dawe • 

In J^e toune hii hulde horn • & vawe |?at hii miite • [404] 

Vor hii nadde poer ynou • wijjoute vor to fi^te • 

pe sarazins wijjoute • wuste so euerich ende • 8330 

pat no maner liflode • ne miite to hom wende • 

So Jjat ]?o hii adde ispend • j^at wi}>inne was • 

More honger }7an hii adde • neuere iseye nas • 

Vor an ey to tueie ssillinges • wel vawe ]?o hii boite • fol. 120 b. 

& an hen vor viftene • & vawe bat me is brotte -8335 ^^P^^ ^ 

' / alia mala. 



8320. J>/s] >e /3. ssolle'] schulde /3 ; schul 5. ihure'] here 5 ; now here )3. 

832 1 . i>e wule'] while C ; whils y. wolde] woUe j8. ssolde dure] 
dure schulde \>Qve j8. ssolde] ssulle B. dure] endure S. 

8322. bisegede] bisede A. vaste ]>e toun] J^ane toun a ; ^e towne fast j8. 
)>at] J>at with Inne \>q &. 

8323. smote him out] for)> owte smote j8. him] om. 5. out] om. B. 
>o he] when bei here P ; whan i>ey S. isay] saye y ; hi say C. 

8324. do] to BC ; of ;S. nede] spede j8. ac bote lute] but litel ;8. 

8325. i>e] om. B. 

8326. a-ycn flowe In wel vawe] flowe Inne ajen ryjt fayn /3. 

8327. manie .... dawe] many of hem or \>e'\ mv^t come Inne weren 
slaj-n /8. 

8328. hulde] helden a)3. if] om. )35. vawe] ry^t fayn /8. 

8329. nadde] hadde /3 ; had S. 7/?(o?<] non BCa ; none /35. 

8330. imste] kepte S ; kepte fast /3. so] om. S. euerich] eche y8. 

8331. ?io] nonB. /na/ier] manere a. 

8332. Jjo An] hii }>o B. ispend] spendid y3. 

8333. zseye] sene fi ; seen 7. 

8334. an ey] aney B ; on ey a ; one eie fi ; one eye y ; an ey) 5. to] 
om. Ba/8 ; at 5. ssillinc/es] schelynges /S ; schillj-nge 5. ?t'e/ j;c(?<;e] 
wel fayn 5 ; ry^t fayn j8. ^o Au] who so hit ^. 

8335. a?j] on o. vor] to Ba. §• vawe .... iroj^e] as manye as 
were broujt S. §• vawe] wel vaw B ; & wel fawe a ; & ryjt fayn /5. 
»ie is] he hure a ; >ei hit /3. 

p P 2 



christi. 



59 ■> THE CHRONICLE OF 

& a note vor a peni • so J^at hii ete • 

Hor hors & hor hiden • & assen ar hii lete • 

Wo |?at mi^te weodes abbe • & ]?e roten gnaAve- 

0|?er se]?e & Make potage • was )?er of wel vawe • 

Vor lionger deide monion • hou miite be more 

wo • 8340 

Muche was ]>e sorwe • };at among horn was ]?o • 
No maner hope hii nadde • to amendement to come • 
Vor hii ne miite armes bere • so hii were ouercome • 
appaiicio Atte laste vr snete louerd • )?otte on ]?is dede • 

k, com to an holi man • & ]?es wordes sede • 8345 

Go seye ]>e cristinemen • of ]je west ende • 

pat ich abbe her biuore • ibe hom god & hende • 

& ]7at ich made hom verst winne • of nice ]?e cite • 

& moni o)?er bataile • j^e wule hii seruede me • 

&; ]?e cite of antioche • j^at so strong was in ech 

ende • 8350 

& ]?o ichom adde al ]ns ido • fram me hii gonne 

wende • 



8336. a iiote'\ one note a ; one notte y. a] o a ; oo y. so'] so for 
hungur p. 

8337. Sf hor] & he Ca$. hiden'] hudeu ek Ba ; hudeu eke C ; hides also 
;3 ; houndes eke 5. asseii] hassen B ; asses S ; oin. y3. ar hii lete] 
her ^lete a ; \>e heer t>ei lete 3. 

8338. Wo] pulkea; Thilke /8. weodes] weodeu B; J)e wedes /3. 
\>e] ova. 8. roten] rotene a ; rotes j8 ; rootes 78. 

8339. Make] makye BC ; maki^e a. wel vawe] ry^t fawe $. 

8342. maner] manere a. nadde] hadde /85. to amendemeiit] amende- 
ment 0/3. 

8343. ne] ova. a. 

8344. suete louerd] lordde suete B. 07i] apon /3. 

8345. ajt] on a. \>es] J^eos a. 

8346. sej/e] & sei to C. 

8347. abbe her biuore] here beforn haue 0. ibe] be $ ; bene 7. 
hom] to hem B^. 'jod] gode B. 

8348. Sf] ova. BC5. J>a< ich] om. aj8. verst winne] -wynne furst C- 
wi7ine] to Wynne 5. of nice \>e cite] Nyce i>e gret Citee /3. 

8349. moni] manije a. o]>er] on oi'er a; anoJ>er/3. bataile] batailles C. 

8350. so] om. a0. in] on a. 

8351. Sj- \>o] po a ; Whenne i3. ic/;o7« af?Je'] i" hom hadde C ; ich 
hadde a ; I hadde fi ; I hem hadde 5. yoime] gan /3 ; ganne 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 597 

& dude sunne of lecherie • & l?at is mest in mi munde • [405] 

Mid wimmen of painime • hii dude hor foule kunde • 

War of |?e stench com • in to heuene an hey • 

pe godemon to vr louerdes vet • vel ]?at ]?is isey • 8355 

Louerd ^if it is ];i wille • In \>is grete nede he sede • 

Help horn & vor^if horn • ];ulke sunuol dede • 

Ich horn abbe qua]? vr louerd • iholpe er y wis • 

& ^ut icholle her after more • go & seie horn ]?is • 

pat hii turne aten to me • & icholle to horn saun 

faile . 8360 

& wij^inne vif dawes mid hom be • mi sulf in bataile • 
Here ze mowe ise |>at an vewe • wi]) sunne of lecherie • 
Mowe binime grace of god • to al an compaynie • 
pis holimon wende voy]> • &} tolde ]?is men vore • 
pat hii adde iwonne grace • & wy hii it adde vor 

lore • ^^^^ 



8352. dude simnel simne dude B ; duden sunne o. ^ i>at] >at afi. 
mesQ moste y. mi] myne C. 

8353. dude] duden o. 

8354. \>e stench .... heuene] J>e foule stench to heuene com a ; J)e foule 
stenche (stynche y) to heuen come> $y. an hey] an hei^e ^ ; on 
heygh y. 

8355. pe] This &. vel \>at )>is isey] felle when he >is seije ^. 

8356. it is'} hit be i3. In] nowe in 3. \>is] >isse a. 

8357. voryf hom] forjif ham nou o; jeue hem grace fi. \>nlke] 
of Hike /3. sumiol] sunfole o. 

8358. Ich hom abbe] I hem haue /3 ; I haue hem 5. iholpe] yhoipe 
hem B ; holpe ofte /8 ; yholpen S. ywis] his C. 

8359. yut] om. B. her after] after a. yo] go nou a; go now &. 
go 8f seie] and go sey S. 

8360. axen to me] to me a^en C. to hom] om. B. saun faile] 
samfayle B ; san faille C ; san faile a ; sawmfaile P ; saunfayle y. 

8361. vif] fyue C. dawes] dales 0. mid hom be mi sulf] be myself 
with hem /3. 

8362. ye moire ise] ye seo^ a ; ye seeth fi. an] ane a ; a C^. 2tv>] 
J)oru Ba ; hour C ; i>0Tuy fi ; throu) 5. 

8363. binime] fordo jS. j/race] he grace C^5. to] om. B. 
an] a 07. 

8364. wc«(/e] wende hym C. vore] her fore ^. 

8365. pa< /"■«' . . • • vor lore] Hou hi hadde he grace of god for hare 
lecheri^e forlore o; How hei hadde he grace of god for here licherie 
lore )3. pat] How S. iwonne] wonne B. wy] hou C ; how 5. 
vor lore] ilore C ; ylore 5. 



598 THE CHRONICLE OF 

po hii adde iwonne grace • gret loye was j^'ere • 
In vastinge & in orisons • ]>re dawes hii were • 
Deuocio Massen Sz processions • hii made monion • 

cnnstiano- *■ • i •• i i 

rum. Wi]? wop & god deuocion • hii lete horn ssriwe echon • 

po hii were wel issriue • wijj god deuocion • 8370 

Wepinde hii armed hom • ]7e teres orne adoun • 
fol. 121. jJqj. Qg^ i^ji delde a senene • & ]?e verst hii toke • 
Diuisio pe erl of flaimdres • & sire hue • \e gret erl to loke • 
(MS^time- P® ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ godefrai • &l ]>e erl baldewine al so • 
orum.) pe ]7ridde roberd courtehese • j^at best it cou}?e do • 8375 
[40fil ^^1' ^® "^^^ ^®^^ kni^t of alle • no felawe hii nokle 
him loke • 
pe bissop of podye • j^e ver)?e ost hii toke • 
& sire willam de Monpeilers • j^e vifte hii toke ri^t • 
Sire Richard de prince • & tancred ]>e gode kni^t • 
pe sixte ]>e erl of rusinole • & J^e erl beumond al so • 
Hii bitoke to gouerni • ]>o al J'is was ydo • 8381 

8366. po hii .... yrace'\ Ac bat hi scholde a^en winne grace a ; But 
J^at l^ei schulde a^en -wynne grace (8. il^^t] o™- ^- was] was 
J>an /3 ; thanne was y. 

8367. vastijige'] fastinges a. orisons'] oresons l^erfore a ; orisouns 
t>ere j8. 

8368. Massen] Massene a ; Masses /3S. 

8369. wop] wepe fi ; wepyng B ; wepjTige y. ivop Sf god] wel good S. 
god deuocion] gode deuocjon B ; deuociouns y. ssriwe] ssriue B ; 
schryue C ; schriue hem /8. 

8370. wel issriue] yssryue B ; schryuen wel $. 

8371. Wepinde] Wepynge /3. armed] armede a. or?je] ourneBCa ; 
ran fast /3. 

8372. delde a seuene] delde as eueiie A ; departed in seuene j8. i-erst] 
furste a. 

8373. hue] huwe a ; huo S. 

8374. \>e due] Duke /3 ; to duke 5. 

8375. roberd] to Robert 5. cou\>e] cowde fi. 

8376. no] non B. nolde] wolde B. him] om. B ; to hym 8. lohe] 
om. 5. 

8378. Monpeilers] Mounpeyllers B; mounpellers C5 ; mundpelers o; 
mowntpelers /6. 

8379. de prince] J>e pruyce B ; J>e prince Ca5 ; )>e good prince j8. tan- 
cred] Tankard y. 

8380. of ] om. 78. rusinole] rusynele BC ; russinele a • Russynele fi ; 
liusinel S. 

8381. gouerni] gouerne y. )>o] & l^o BCaS ; & whenne )3. al )t>is 
was] >is was al /8. ydo] do 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



599 



In onour of ]?e holi gost • ]>g seue]?e hii made ]>o • 
& made ]>ev of cheuentein • sire Reinaud & nammo • 
Sire reinaud wi]? god compainie • j^en toun wuste 

bihinde • 
pat hor men tif hii nede adde • recet mi^te vinde ■ 838o .^^^ ^^ 
po al was prest as liii wolde • hii blessede horn bellum. 

echon • 
& toke bom alle to godes grace • & to bataile wende 

anon • 
per was gret criinge on god • & moni a wepinde eye • 
Of hom ]7at bileuede at om • & ]>e bataile iseye . ^^^^^^_^ 

Of bissopes & prestes • & men of religion • 8390 processio. 

& clerkes ]?at ]?er were • mid gret deuocion • 
Reuestede hom in chirche • & on god gonne crye • 
Wepinde wi]? procession • & songe ]>e letanye • 
& o]7er gode orisons • to bidde vor hom alle • 
& vor to se ]>e bataile • stode vpe ]>e tour walle • 8395 
pe hej^enemen in hor alf • so glade neuere nere • Saraceni. 

As hii were nor J^is bataile • in so go-et hope hii were • 



8382. /m] In \>e C&. seue]>e'] seuene B ; seuenthe y. 

8383. cheuentein:\ cheueteyn C. Beinaud} reymond By; reymuncl a ; 
Reymound S. nammo'] no moo y ; many mo S. 

8384. reinaud-] reynond B; reymond Cy; reymund a; Reymonde 5 
god compainie] gode compaynye B ; his grete ost a ; t>is (his 7) gret ost 
fiy. \>e7i] >ane o ; W /3. wuste] kept ^5. 

8385. hor] cure CS. recet] recept y. mi-^te] myten a. 

8386. al was] hit was al a ; Hs was al ^. , -, j r> 

8387. toke hom] token a. alle] al Ba ; om. 0. godes] god B. 
to] om. 5. . _ . 

8388. criinye^ cryed 8 ; cryeng y. on] of y. mom a] mam>e a. 
ivepijide] wepende a ; wepynge ^5. , ^ ^ u s 

8389 hom] om. 7. bileuede] bilefde a. at om] at hom Ca ; at home 5. 
839o". Of] for C ; Vor a ; Fore 5. bissopes] Byschope 5. 

8391. gret] god B. , ^ i a 

8392. Reuestede] r^ueste C ; Reuersede /3 ; Rauascht 5. gonne] gan ; 

ganne 7. 

8393. Wepi7ide] Wepynge 0. o ;. t 

8394. o]>er] o>ere «. orisons] oreisous a. 6«fZ(^e] praye A AomJ 

839.5. s<ode] stoden a. r/^e] on 8. tour] toun BaS ; om. $. 

8396. newere we?-e] ner neuere B ; were neuer ere 5. 

8397. uor] in C. 



600 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



po hii were al tare in hor half • & cristine men come • 

J)e ssrewen in ];e wind half • gret plente of liei nome • 

[4071 ^ sette it aten ]^e cristinemen • afure in ech ende • 8400 

fumus feui. pat J?e smoke ]>er of ssolde • boj^e stenche & blende • 

Ac vr louerd }>at a; en horn was • bigan ]?e winde 

wende • 
& ]>e smoke ];at hii made • cristinemen to ssende • 
Ritt in hor owe tej? . bigan hom euene sende • 
So }>at it was hor owe harm • ]7at hii it lete tende • 8405 

bellum. pe cristine Men vpe hom come • mid god ernest ynou ♦ 
& vor ];e smoke so euene • In hor tej> drou • 
& vor vr louerd him sulf was • ]>ere mid is sonde • 
pe ssrewen nadde no poer ■ no wule to atstonde • 

fol. 121 b. ^ a uair compainie al so ber com • 8410 

Sanctus /-^^ ■, t ,, ^ ,ii ht i- i 

Georgius. Of holimen pat wule • poleden Martirdom • 



8398. hii .... half] hare half was al jare a ; here side was al redy 8. 
al ^are'] redye 5. ^] & J>e Ca;35. ?««»] me C. 

8399. ssrewe7i'} schrewes )35. wind] weder a; wedyr P. hei] hey}>ey 5. 

8400. it] om. Bo/3. ech'} eche a. 

8401. ssolde'] hem ssolde B ; hom scholde C ; scholde hem 5. bo]}e 
.... blende] cristen men ablende ;8. bol>e ste7iche]ho]pe astenchQ 

C ; ham bo}>e astenche a ; hem bol^e astenche S. 

8402. i>at ayn hom] with hem )3. aym] myd BC ; mid a ; w' 5. 
bigan] & bigan /8. Jjc] ]>ane C. winde] wyud B ; wind o. 
wende] to wende j35, 

8403. Omitted in jS-y. ^] om. 5. 

8404. tzpiOTj .... sende] soone aftir when J>ei it tende )3. Ao;h] him o ; 
om. S. sende] to sende S. 

8405. So \>at] pat a ; So j3. )>at .... tende] for hem self hit gan 
blende J3a. z7] om. B. After this line /S-y insert Thei myjt no)t se 
t>icke (for thikke 7) of smoke so fast gan on hem wende. 

8406. Men] om. a. vpe] opon a ; apon 7. yod] gode B. 

8407. /?«] in to a^. drou] so drou a ; so drow^ /8. 

8408. vor] om. aj8. 507tJe] souade /3 ; bond C ; honde S, 

8409. pe ssrewen .... atstonde] poru wham )>e hej?ene men ^eoden al 
to schonde o ; Thorw^ whom \>e hej^en men ^ede alle to grounde j8. 
ssrewen nadde] schrewes had S. no] non BC. wule] while C. 
to atstonde] for to stonde 5. 

8410. §• a Ma?r] A wel vayr B ; O wel fair a ; O wel faire )3. also \>er 
com] to J>is cristene com o ; to J>ise Cristen men come )3. 

8411. holimen'] holi^e men a. w^de] somme tyme fi; sumetyme 
were 7. poleden] J'olede BC)3 ; )>at Jjoled 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. UOl 

Vpe vaire wite stecles • &, in vair armure al so • 

Sein George ])e verste was • & o|?er martir ]?er to • 

Of montaines hii come adoun • driue vaste inou • 

In eiper alf ]>e compainie • vpe ]^e ssrewene ]?o drou • 

pat hii v/eve to ^rounde aslawe • & hii flowe l^at victoria 

mi^te • 8410 norum. 

pus vr louerd & seint George . hor fon cou);e di^te • 
pe cristine men leide euere on * & slowe euere to 

grounde • 
Al clene ]fe ssrewen were • confounded in a stounde • 
Of gode hors ne of amies • ]>e cristinemen ne founde • 
So gret plente neuere • as hii founde in J^ulke stounde • 
Anon after midsomer • |?is bataile ido was • 8422 

A seinte peteres eue ywis • as god tef }>at cas • 
In ]7e ter of grace a]70usend • & four score & ei^tetene • 
Betere bataile j^eraboute • nas neuere ido ich wene • 8425 



8412. Fjpe] Ope a ; Apon y. wite stcdes'] stedes & white /3. in 
vairl in vayre B ; in white CS ; mid o ; with ;8. 

8413. \>e verste urns'] was J^e furst 3. mai-tir] martyrs B ; martirs Ca ; 
martires /35. 

8414. driuel & driue a ; & droue fi. 

8415. vpe \>e ssrewette'] apon J>e schrewes $. >o] om. B ; ]>ei /3 ; J)ey 5. 

8416. aslcnve'j ibrouto; brou^t j8. hii'] om. Ca/8. flowe] yflowe C. 
\>at] Yo Jjat )3 ; they that y. 

8417. hor fon coui>e diyte] cowde here fone dijt /3. /tor] oure C. 

8418. euere] ouer 0. 

8419. ssrewe7i] schreweue a ; schrewes jQS, confounded] ouercome B ; 
yconfounded a. a] o a ; a litel C. 

8420. 1. Omitted in B. 

8420. ne of armes] Si armes a ; & armure /3 ; & of armes 5. \>e cristinemen 
nefoimde] so gret stor hi (store \>ei /3) founde a/8; so gret stor hi ne 
fonde C ; so grete store }>ey ne founde 5. 

8421. So gret .... ston7ide] pe cristinemen neuere so muche wonnc in o 
stounde a ; That cristen men neuer so muche wonne in o stounde jS. 
So ... . neuere] pe cristine men neuere C ; The cristen men neuere 5. 
founde] wonne C5. 

8422. ido] doo y. 

8423. A] On /3. eue] euen ^5. 

8424. In] & in C. a] o a ; oo y. &,' foiir] four a/85. 

8425. Betere] A better 5. nas neuere ido] was neuer none as /3, 
nas] was 5. ido] y seye B. 



602 THE CHRONICLE OF 

An amirail j'er biside • p>at a castel wuste • 

^eld him vp to cristinemen • \>o he nuste war to truste • 

[408] & auenge cristendom • & oJ?er castles al so • 

Me ^eld hom vp wel astored • ];o al }>is was ido • 

So |?at ]ns cristinemen • so wel astored nere • 8430 

Of armes ne of tresorie • neuere as hii so were • 

po tarkede hii hor ost • vorj? uor to wende • 

Toward ierusalem • as god hom wolde sende • 

Biuore seint andrewes day • to Marra atte laste • 

perquisicio jj^- ^ome wib hor poer • & asailede him vaste • 8435 
marre. . ^ ^ 

An quointe tour hii lete make • eueridel of tre • 

Vpe four woeles • al so strong • as he mitte be • 

Vpe l^e weoles it was idriue • & gode knittes )?er Inne • 

Hii asaylede so ]>e toun • wi]> strengj^e & wij? ginne • 

pe endleue]?e dai of decembre • ]7e toun hii wonne so • 

& bileuede \>eY inne • vorte midewinter were ido • 8441 

8426. AnJ And B ; & au o/3. amirail'] amiral a ; Amerel /8. a] au 
BC ; anne a ; one y. iouste"] wiste CayS ; wyst 5. 

8427. ^eW] ^ulde C ; ^olde y8, vp <o] to J>e S. cristinemen'] 
cristemen C. ivar] om. y. truste] triste a ; tryst ;35 ; trust y. 

8428. aiienye] aueng B ; fenge 5 ; he feng \>o a ; he fonge )>Q 0. o])er] 
o)>ere a. 

8429. Me yeld] Men plde /3; Me julde C; )olde S. wel] also ; 
om. o. ido] do y. 

8430. astored] astorede a. nere] neuer nere /8 ; were 5. 

8431. armes] armurB ; Armure y. ?ie] & 5. tresorie] tresour B7; 
tresor a ; tresoure 5. neuere .... were] also hi J>o were a ; as J>ei 
t>at tyme were /3 ; ]>at so wel afore neuer ^ey nere S. so] )>o C. 

8432. See Appendix, Note TT. po yarkede hii] Thei parked t>an j8. 

8433. Toward] To )>e toun (town /3) of a/8. 

8434. to Marra atte laste] to )>e wal at \>q laste aj3 ; as >ey had byfore 
yeast S. 

8435. him] om. B ; hit 5 ; to toun a ; >e town 0. 

8436. An'] One a ; O 7 ; AC. quointe] queynte C. lete] leten 0/8. 
7«aAe] maki^e a. t)/"] om. C. 

8437. Vpe] Opon a ; Apoyne 7. woeZes] weoles B ; wheoles a ; 
wheles C|3S. a/ so] as a;8. as] so a. Ae] hii B ; J^ei i8 ; hit S. 

8438. Vpe] Opon a. ))e] om. B. weoles] wheoles o; wheles C/8. 
it] hi a. idriue] dryue 7. hey /?i7je] wythynne 7. 

8439. so] Jjo C ; om. 08. Jjc] l>en B ; t>ane a. 

8440. endleue\>e] endlefj^e B ; endlefe C ; enlefte o ; elleuenj) 8 ; 
elleuenethe 7. 

8441. bileuede] bilefde a. vorte] vort a; vu to /3. were] was CajSS. 
ido] do 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 603 

Vor l^er wax >ere a strif • bituene \e erl beumond • cojcepcjo 

Vor ]>e toun of antioche • & sire reimond • chiam. 

Welder ssolde abbe l^e cite • so j^at hii bileuede ]>ere • ^ 

A mon]7e & four dawes • ar hii acorded were • 8445 

So muche honger hii adde l^er . ar hii ]>en toun lete • fames. 

pat hii sode l?e saracens • & l?at fless ete • 

T f ' , 1, ■ • fol TOO 

pe vourte]7e day of leneuer • vor honger ]?anne hii ^ ^— 

wende • 
&; vr iouerd wel bitime • bote ]>ev of horn sende • 
Vor hii wonne tueye castles • J^at muche god was inne [409] 

ido . 8450 

& su|?]?e ]7e toun of Zephaile • ]7at muche god was Inne 

also • 
& In ]?e valeie of desem • an riche castel hii nome • 
To ]>e castel of arches • In feuerer m]>]>G hii come • 
& bisegede him vaste • mid streng]?e & mid ginne • 
pre mon]7es ar hii mi^te • mid streng]?e come j^er 

inne • ^455 



8442. wax i>ere] was B ; was \>ere C5; was arerd a ; was rered ^. 

8443. Vor'\ Of B ; For he S. ^] & bitwene a^. 

8444. abbe \>e cite-] liaue \>e town ;8. )>at hii bileuede] hi bilefde J^ere a ; 
i>ei bileued stille l^ere (there stille 7) $y. 

8445. ar]er a ; or 7. were] J^er of were 0. 

8446. adde] habbe a. Pen] H Bfi ; hane a. lete] leten 5. 

8447. sode] soden a0 ; de sethe (sic) 5. ]>e] om. C«^. \>at] i>e fi. 
fless] fleschs a. ete] hi ete a ; \>ei ete ^; eten 5. ^ , , „ 

8448. t'o«y<e>e] fourtenJ>e ^ ; foui-tenethe y. )?anne] J>enue C ; {.at ^. 

8449. §■] Ac a ; But ^. '^c/] her of a0. bote )>er of] hare bote wel a ; 
here bote wel /3. 

8450. iromte] wanne /3. m?«c/te] gret a^. 

8451. of] cm. B. ^epAa.V.] Zephael C ; Zepalle 5; ephalle «; 
Alphal 0. )>at muche god was Inne] vol of gode B ; ful of goud C ; 
fol of gode « ; ful of good ^ ; fuUe of good 5- 

84.=>2. vcfleie] vale a. desem] desen ioriyinally desem) a ; deseny 0. 

an] one ai3 ; oon y. riche] om. 0. hii] om. C. 
8454. s^ren^t^l'queyntyse C; queyntise 5; quointise a; qweynti^e ^. 

84! 5!" mKe«i)>e co;«e }..r/«ne] hit with strengj, wynne ^ co,«e \>er 

inne] hym wynne B ; hym a wynne C ; him y wmne a ; hit wynne 5. 



004 THE CHRONICLE OF 

per was auncel of ripemond • a god kniit to dej^e 

ido • 
&, sire willam picard • & moni o]>erc al so • 
pere hii helde lior ester • & vor}?ore hii wende J^o • 
Wannc pe castel iwonne was • & tounBs nome mo • 
pe king of camele made pays • & an amirail al so • 
& teiie hom gret garison • horn non harm to do • 8461 
Capcio go hii wende to triple • &; ben toun nome • 

triple. . . 

& slowe so moni sarazins • |?o hii louder come • 

pat alle }>e wateres • in eeh ende • aboute ]>e toun 

were • 
&; diches Sz puttes • rede of blode )>ere • 8465 

Viftene hors of pris • ]7e king of J^e londe • 
& viftene ]?ousend besans • he sende hom bi is 
sonde • 
uduentus pat hii lete is lond in pes • & hii vawe it nome • 

■ So ]?at in J>e mon]?e of lun • to ierusalem hii come • 



8456. a] o a. god'\ gode B. 

8457. »io??i] mani^e a. o^pere'] anajjer 5. 

8458. helde] hulde C. ^' vor)>ore'] & forJ>ere o ; verrore B ; & 
f error C ; & ior\>Q >ei yS ; & feiTe 5. 

8459. iwonne was] wonne was y ; '^^s ywonne 5. nome] ■wonne B ; 
none a ; take /3 ; many S. 

8460. of] om. j8. amirail] amiral a ; Amerel /8. 

8461. -leue] lef C. garison] garisoun ynowi /3. hom non harm] 
hem no arm B ; non harm hom C ; non harm ham a ; non harme hem /85. 

8462. So] Thenne /3. triple] ryple C. >e?«] J>ane o ; >ilke /8. 
nome] so nome )3. 

8463. so moni] \>e afi. \>uder] J^eodre a. 

8464. alle] om. a/3. cell] eche a. were] ^ere BCa/35. 

8465. puttes] pittes 7. rede] al rede j8. of] on /3. )>ere] 
were BCa;35. 

8466. 8467, transposed in /S-y. 

8466. Viftene] Vyfty B. pris] gret price /3. \>e king] hem sent {>e 
kynge ^. 

8467. ^•]om. j8. viftene]vyiiy'B. icsa?(s] besauns C ; besaundes/3. 
he sende hom] hom sende C ; ham sende o ; hem sente fi ; to hem sent y. 
hom] om. S. 

8468. lete is lond] wolde late his londe be ^. /;// vawe] fayn ]?ei /S. 

8469. /mw] Marche 5. 



ROBEKT OF GLOUCESTER. 605 

pe seuej^e day of j^e Mon|?e • anon hii bigonne • 8470 

Vor to sette hor folc arilt • Vat ]>e cite were iwonne • ordiuacio 

Hii sette Robert courtehese • & his poer al so • 

As hor beste knitt in ]>e est side • ])e asaut vor to do • 

pe due godefray & tancred • In ])e west ende iwis • [4io] 

In ]?e sou|)half sire Reimond • as )?e hul of syon is • 

pe cite hii asailede • mid streng];e & mid ginne • 847G 

Ac so strong he was • ]?at hii ne miite • so liitliche 

him winne • 
Hii lete horn ginnes make • as verst of ]>e toure • 
Of tre imad strong inou • vpe weoles foure • 
A gyn |>at me sowe chipe]? • hii made ek wel strong • 
Muche folc Inne vor to be • boj^e wid & long • 8481 
In roberdes side courtehese • & ]?e due Godefray • 
As it vel of pe monj^e of lun • ])& viftelpe day • 
Hii asailede j^e toun • mid j^is tour wel uaste • 
& wiJde fur wip pich & grece • wi|7 ginnes In caste • 

8470. scMfiK'] seuene B ; seuenethe 7. o/] as in B. hii biyonne'] 
\>e\ gonne /3. 

8471. iwonne] wonue 7 ; ynome 5. 

8473. hor'] om. a&. 

8474. tancred] geffrai a ; GafFray /8. west] est west 7. 

8475. In \>e sou\>hal/] & in >e sou)? half o ; And iu )>e Su^jside /3; And in 
the southeude 7. 

8476. asailede] assailed >an ;3 ; assailed thenue 7. 

8477. .4c so .... was] Hit was strong a ; Hit was stronge fi. so 
li^tlicke him ivin7ie] hym so ly^tlyche wynne C ; no^t lyjtlyche come 
Jserynne B ; hit so ly^tly wynne 0. him] hit 5. 

8478. horn] om. 0. make] makye )>o C ; maki^e >o a ; make Jjo 5; to 
make )>&n /3. as verst] and furst 7. 

8479. imad] ymade B ; imaked a. vpe] opon a ; apon 7. iveoles] 
wheles C ; wheoles a. 

8480. A gyn] As in (sic) 5. A] O ay. me] men ^. sowe dupe])] 
clupej? sowe B ; clepet> souwe a ; clupej> a sowe C ; callijj a sowe /8 ; 
clepeth a Sowe 5. ek wel] also ryjt /8. 

3481. I7ine vor to he] to be inne a ; to he therynne 7. wid] wyde Be. 

8482. In] Into 5. roberdes] roberd B. roberdes side courtehese] 
Roherd Curthuse side /3. §■] & in a. 

8483. As it vel of] Ase in a ; And in so in /8. vel] ful C. of] in B5. 
]>e vifte\>e] ^at tyme J>e fiften>e /8. vifte)>e day] fyuethe tewsdaye 5. 

8484. >e toun] hys cyte B ; )>e cite Co. • J>e Cyte 5 ; his citee /8. wel] 

8485. wildefur wi];>] wild fuir a. In] inne a. 



606 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



fol. 122 1). 

proieccio 

ignis. 



Scale & 
perqui- 
sicio ville. 



[4111 



& vorbarncle hous • & o]>er • & muclie folc al so • 8486 
& god sende wind gret inoii • )?at ]>e bet it was ido • 
pat wi]?inne was sorwe inou • hor poer wanede vaste • 
pe cristine were ri^t atte walle • so j?at atte laste • 
Mid laddren hii clomme vp • & J>en toun nome • 8490 
&5 slowe ]7e ssrewen to grounde • ])0 hii in come • 
In ]>e temple Salomon • ten |70usend hii slowe • 
In eche stude ware hii were • monie & ynowe • 
& some adoun of ]?e walles • velle vor fere • 
& debrisede o]?er adreinte • so ]7at hii ded were • 8495 
So |?at godes knittes • made ])o as at ene • 
Ihesu cristes cite • of ]>e deueles limes clene • 
po hii were alle aslawe • J)at hii ne founde quic non • 
pe bodies hii gaderede • & vorbarnde horn echon • 
Vor stenche wanne hii rotede • so ]'at hii were • 8500 
WiJ?oute soylure in clannesse • al out maisters }>ere • 



8486. vorharnde] barnde a; brent ;8. a/so] therto B. 

8487. yod sende wind gret inou] gret wynd god sende a ; grot wynde god 
sent j8. yret^ god B. het] better j3. ido] do y. 

8488. \>at] And /3. hor poer] & her folc B ; & power /S. 

8489. riyt] al B ; om. afi. }pat] om. S. 

8490. laddren] Jandren B ; laddres /35 ; ladders 7. clomme vj}] clommep 
B ; clambe vp 13 ; clommen vp 5. i>e?i] \>e Cafi. 

8491. slowe] slowen a. ssrewen'] schrewes B. to] to J>e 5. J>o hii] 
Yo I'at hi a ; when >at j^ei /8. ?«] J:)uder B. 

8492. Salomon] of Salomon 7 ; of Salamon 5. 

8493. /?j eche .... loere] & oueral whar hi were a ; And ouer al 
■where |>ei wente /8. In] & in C5. icare] >are B. 

8494. velle] fulle C. 

8495. debrisede] debrusede BC ; brusede a; alle brosed fi. o)>er 
adreinte] o)?er adrente B ; o>er adrentte C ; or adreynt )8. hii ded] 
dede hi a ; dede J>ei ^ ; dede J^ey 5. 

8496. godes] good 7, at ene] in tene j8. 

8497. >e] om. |8. clene] al clene oyS. 

8498. aslawe] clene slayn ;8. hii . . . quic] l^er nere quike a ; qwycke 
■were >er j8. 

8499. vorharnde] forbarnde a ; for brent j8 ; for branned 5. horn] 
om. afi. 

8500. stenche] a/SS ; stench BC ; streng)>e A. rotede] rodede B. so 
i>at] for >an /3. 

8501. soylure] om, B (a blank in MS.) ; ful>e a; filj>e /3. clannesse] 
clennesse fi. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 607 



visitacio 
lanctuario- 



po wende hii to ]>e sepulcre • ];at god was on ido • 

&.to oj^er gode holi studes • ]?at hii mi^te come to • rum. 

Vor wan so muche trauail • hii adde isoftved er • 

& onoui-ede ]?e gode holi studes • wi]; gode wille ]?er • 

Wi]7 wop & deuocion • so ]>at man aliue • 8506 

Ne ssolde telle ]?e teres • ]?at hii lete so riue • 

po hii adde iwonne \>o • as wo sei\> ]?at lond • Eleccio 

Hii ];otte uor to make it vast • in cristmemonne hond • ° 

& among hom alle • hii bigonne an king to chese • 

po chose hii as uor |?e beste bodi • Roberd courtehese • 

To be king of ]>e holi lond • & chef of cristendom • 

& me wende ]7oru godes wille • such grace hom to com • 

Roberd him bij^o^te ]?o • & gan him vnder stonde • 

pat it was wel gret trauail • to be king of )>ulke londe • 

& somdel toward engelond • he ber al so is )70^t • 8516 

War ]?oru he sede al out • ]?at he nolde be it no^t • 



8502. po] So C. W] om. B. on] Inne ^ ; ynne 5. ido] do fi. 

8503. o]>er;\ oJ>ere a ; the other y. hoiq holije a. studes'] places S. 

8504. Vor] Now 5. wan] whome y. hit adde isoffred] he hadde 
suffred /3. er] here a. 

8505. Sf onourede] They honoured 5. \>e gode] t>e Ca^S. holi] 
holi^e a. studes] stones 5. 

8506. wop] wepyng B ; -wepynge jS. man] none B ; manne a ; 
no man j8. aliue] on lyue fi. 

8508. iwonne J>o] ywonne so a5; wonne so fi. ]>o] om. C. wo] who 
so o. \>at] al >at ;8 ; Hlk 5. 

8509. uor] om. aj3. to make it] to makye hit C ; hit make o. it] J>ys 
B. vast] fastore a ; faster /3. crislinemomie] cristyne men B ; cristene 
manne a ; cristene maunes C ; cristen mennes ^ ; cristenmennys S. 

8510. among .... biyonne] gonne among ham alle a; gan amonge hem 
alle ;3. hii bigonne] om. BC. an king] an gode kny-^t B ; a goude 
kyng C ; one gode king a ; oo good kynge ^ ; a good kynge 5. 
chese] cheose a ; chuse &. 

8511. chose] chosen a; chese 5. as ... . bodi] for >e heste a ; for 
J>e wordiest & best )3. courtehese] courteheose a. 

8512. cristendom] cristedom B. 

8513. if me] Ase me a ; As men y. hom to] hym to BC ; him to a ; to 
him /3 ; was him to S. 

8514. gan"] bigan Ca; bygan 3; biganne y. him] him to S. 

8515. wel] om. a/3 ; ful 5. 

8516. ber] bar a. so] om. 5. 

8517. >Far i>oni] Here thurgh 7. noWe be it] hit nolde be o; hit 
wolde /3. 6e] om. 5. 



008 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& vorsoc it al out • in lu];er time ich clrede • 
Vor gode wate afterward • he nadde in none dede • 
[412] Vor l^e beste kni^t of j^e world • he was iholde \>o • 

& god hap I'er afterward • ne com him neueremo • 8521 
Vor wanne god wolde • J^at he were ]>er in is seruise • 
& he vorsok it vor trauail • he ne dude nott as )?e 

wise • 
foi. 123. He was willames sone bastard • as ich abbe ised 

ilome • 
& wel iwoxe ar is fader • to engelond come • 8525 

pikke mon he was inou • bote he nas nott wel long • 
Quarre he was & wel ymad • vor to be strong • 
peruore is fader in a time • isey is stourdi dede • 
pe wule he was tong & bihuld • & J?es wordes sede • 
Bi ];e vprisinge of god • Robelin me ssal ise • 8530 

Courtehese mi sone her • stalwarde kniit be • 
Vor he was somdel ssort • he clupede him courtehese • 
& he ne mizte neuereft afterward • ]7ulke name lese • 



8518. §-] But /8. 

8519. ivate'\ wat B ; what C ; whate a; chaunce j9 ; wote 5. he ... . 
dede'] ne come him neuere mo he hadde in no nede . nadde'] nade 
a ; hadde B5. none dede] no uede /3. See Appendix, Note UU. 

8520. world] worl B ; wordle C. iholde] holde y. 

8521. §• yod hap] & gode hap B ; Bot god wolde S. ^] Ac a; But /3. 
\>er] cm. B. we] >at hit 5. 

8522. ivanne gcd] god wanne B. 

8523. ^] om. S. he] om. C/3. it] om. a. tie] om. /SS, 

8524. ich abbe ised] ich seide a; I seide /3. Home] er ylome B ; lome y. 

8525. Sf] & was 5. iwoxe] iwoxe he was C ; wexe /8. to] vnto 5. 

8526. ]>ikke] \>'iYke A. nas] was 0. wel] ry^t /3. 

8527. Quarre] Quarry Bj3 ; Quare a ; Fayre 5. i/mad] made y. 
stromj] man strong a ; a man stronge /3. 

8528. a] o a : oo 7. isey] sawe 7. is] om. B. 

8529. pc w^de] )3e while J>at aj3. Sf bihuld] om. afi. )>es] )>eos a ; 
Hse )8. sede] he sede |3. 

8530. ise] ysey B ; see y. 

8531. sone her] jong sone B. stalwarde] a rstalward 5. kni-^t] man 
/3. he] ^ut be BC ; )ut beo o ; ^itte be S ; to be /3. 

8532. clupede] callid y. courtehese] courthose B8 ; courtehuse a ; 
curthuse P. 

8533. Sf] om. afi. neuereft] neuere CaS ; neuer 0. le$6] luse a0 ; 
lose 5. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 609 

0];er lak nadde he non • bote he nas no^t wel long • . 
He was quointe of conseil • & speke & of bodi strong • 
Neuere tut mon in cristendom • ne mi^te ne in 

painime • 8536 

In bataile bringe adoun ■ of is hors none time • 
Vor |?e prowesse of is bodi • & nor he kinges sone 

was • 
Ichose he was ]>e hexte prince • in |^e world in ]?es 

cas • 
& he it vorsok vnhendeliche • & in vaire manere 

none • 8540 

To segge he was vnwur])e ];erto • bote uor trauail one • 
peruore vr louerd • it vnderstod • as ^e ssolle sone ihure • [4 is] 
& sende him reste in prison • J^e wule is lif wolde 

dure • 
pet folc ]>o in ierusalem • \>e due godefrai tok • 
& made him king of |;e lond • ]>o Roberd it uorsok • 
In ]>e lev of grace a J?ousend • & nientene & niene -8546 
pis stalwarde cristine vole • j^is worre bro^te to fine • 



8534. iiadde'] hadde 0. no7i'] uo^t B. bole] but \>dt ; bot t>at 5 
wel] ry)t j3 ; ora. 5. 

8535. quointe'] queyte B ; queynte y. speke] speche B ; of speche Co^5. 
of bodi] body y. 

8536. yut] om. ap. in cristendom ne miyte] ne my^te in Cristendom B. 
ne mixte ne] myte ne o ; my^t neij>er fi. 

8537. bringe] hym bryng B ; him bringe a; him brynge /35. none] in 
no o)3 ; no 5. 

8538. uor] om. S. he] \>& a. 

8539. / chose he was] Me ches him to a ; Men chose him to ^. \>e 
hexte] J>e heyste C ; hexte a ; W hei^est /3. in'] of BCa0. in] 
vor B ; of 5. >es] Hs Ca ; J>ys B5. 

8540. &: he it] He afi ; He it 5. 

8541. segge] sey 7. he] Jjat he aj3. vnwor\>e] vnwourhy C; vnworH 
j8. \>erto] to C ; ora. ayS. bote] ac B. 

8542. it] om. afi.. sone] om. Ba;8. ihure] hure ^. 

8544. pe/] pe 5. \>o in] thaune to y. godefrai'] gedefrai C. 

8545. \>e] that 7. uorsok] versok B. 

8546. a] o a ; 00 7; of ^. nientene] nynty C^; nineti a; nyutie 5. 

8547. Vis] pes o. cole] men CajS ; man 5. \>i3 worre] J>ys sworre 
B ; l^ise -weiTes /3. 

Q Q 



610 THE CHRONICLE OF 

After ]>e due godefray • baldewine was king • 

& after him }»e oj^er baldewine • god knitt jporu alle 

jping. 
& after him gaufrid • due of aungeo • 8550 

& Gaufrid is sone after him • |?at god knitt was al 

so • 
& helde euerich after oj^er • ]>e boru & ]7at lond • 
Mid streng]7e & mid chiualerie • in cristine monne 

hond • 
Ac Roberd courtehese • & ]>& erl Roberd of flaundres • 
& ]>e erl Reimond wende hom • horn to grete sclaun- 

dres • 8555 

Ac roberd courtehese • j^o he hom com • 
Willames dorter conuersance • in poile to wiue nom • 
& nom wi)? hire gret garison • to bringe hom out of 

tene • 
An sone )?at het willam • hii adde hom bituene • 
[414] TTIllam ]>e rede king • of wan we abbe)? ised • 85G0 
Bileuede here in engelond • lu]?er euere & qued • 



8548. Afterl And after S. due'] kynge yS. leas'] was i>o a. 

8549. /nm] om. C. god] a good S. 

8550. gaufrid] gaunfrid a ; Gaunfryd /3 ; Godfraye S. 

8551. gaufrid is] gaufrydes B ; gaunfryd his a ; Gaunfrid his 0. him] 
om. B. al so] j?er to BCa/85. 

8552. helde] hulde Ca. euerich] ech a ; eche )3. \>e] Jjat B. ^ 
i>at] & ]>e 5. 

8553. streng];>e] strenjje C. Sf 7nid] & god Ba ; & goude C. 
chivalerie] chyuarye C. 7nonne] mannes Ca ; mennus S ; men B7. 

8554. Sf] om. 5. flaundres] flaundre BCa/8. 

8555. wende] wenden a ; weute y. hom to] hem self to /3. sclaundres] 
sclaundre BCa;8. 

8556. hom com] com J>us hider hom a ; come )>us hider home /3. 

8557. conuersance] conuersane BC5 ; de conuersane ae ; de Couersane ;8 . 
poile] poyjle a. nom] he nom C ; he nome B/Se. 

8558. nom] toke 5 ; om. afie. xoi\) hire] mid hure a ; with /Se. hom] 
hym BC ; him o5. tene] teone a. 

8559. An] A B ; Ane o. adde] hadden a. bituene] bitweone a. 

8560. waji] wham o ; whom ye. abbep] hadde er ; had er e. 

8561. Bileuede] Bilefde a5 : lyffcd e. here] for)) CaSe; for>e $. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 611 

Vor abbeyes & priories • al to gronde he bro^te • fol. 12.3 b. 

& holi chirche & ]7at lond • he destruede al to no^te • 
Vor wanne eny bissop oj^er abbod • deide in engelond • 
Hor londes & hor rentes • ]>e king huld in is 

honde • 8565 

& oVer wile to ferme tok • vorte j^erafter longe • 
pat is gode wille com vp • an heued vor to auonge • 
Wo so were of take • mid hert o]?er hinde • 
Me ssolde smite of is heued • ^if me him mi^te finde • 
pikke mon he was ynou • round & no^t wel long • 8570 
poru out red mid grete wombe • wel iboned & strong • 
Eenable nas he no^t of tonge • ac of speche hastif • 
Boffinde & mest wanne hii were • In worre o]>er in 

strif • 
God sende uor is lu]?ernesse • moni deoliiol cas • 
In )7is lond & wonderuol • j^e wile he aliue was • 8575 



8562. priories'] byssopryches B ; bisschoprlches a ; Byscbopriches P ; 
Bussbopricbes 7 ; bissopricbis 5 ; Byssboprycbes e. 

8563. ^] om. e. \>at'\ i>e S ; J>is e. he] om. a)35. he destruede] be 
destrud C ; destroyed he y. 

8564. Vor] And /3e. eny] om. ajSSe. bissop o]i>er abbod] Abbot & 
Biscbop /3 ; abbot or byssbopp e. abbod] abbot Ca. deide] dyde 
here e. 

8565. hor rentes] rentes $e. kifig] om. A. in] on a5. 

8566. vorte] vnto /3. )}erafter] her after 7. 

8567. pat is] For to his e. an heued vor to auoiuje] an cnde farre 
I nowe e. to] om. a)35. auonge] yonge B. 

8568. of take] af take 5 ; atake C ; ow-^t take j8 ; oute take 7 ; take vp e. 
hert] herte a. o\>cr] or with )36. hinde] myd hynde BC ; mid 
hynde a ; mid hinde 5. 

8569. is heued:] his heuede B ; hare heued a ; here heed ^ ; her heed ye. 
me] be 5 ; men /Se. him mi^te] myjte hym B ; my^te him 5 ; myte 

bam a ; my^t hem jSe. 

8570. wel] rjytfi. 

8571. out] om. a$S. grete] gi-ed B ; a grct e. ibo7ied] boned 7. 

8572. nas] was jSSe. 

8573. Boffinde]. BoflFyng B ; boffynge C ; Stotinge jS ; Stuttyng 7 ; Kuf- 
fand 6. hii] be BCa;3Se. tvere] was /8 ; was moste 7. worre] 
wra>e BCayS ; wra}?t'e S ; wraa> e. 

8574. mojii] ma.n\ye a; many a /3e. deoluol] delful C; dulfol o; 
doelful /3 ; doefuU 7 ; dolefull e. 

8575. ^ wonderuol] wonderfol a ; ry)t wonderfully ;8 ; wel wonderfully €. 
\>e wile] J^e wule B ; while e, 

Q Q 2 



612 THE CHRONICLE OK 

Vor in pe secuncle lev as it vel • of is kinedom • 
poru out al engelond • so gret erjjgrine com • 
pe enlefte day in heruest • ))at it caste adoun • 
Hous & chirchen monyon • & in mony a toun • 
Frut failede al |mlke lev • & heruest late al so • 8580 
pat it was seint andrewes tid • ar heruest were 

ydo . 
[415] pe vev]>e ler of is kinedom • so gret li^tinge ]>er 

was • 
& ]7ondre aboute sein lukes day • j^at wel grislich it 

was • 
& a wind a sein lukes eue • at londone in J;e toun • 
So gi'et it com ]>at it fulde • moni hous adoun • 8585 
^e mo p&n six hondred • & chirchen J^erto • 
& seinte Marie chirche of ]>e arches • gret arm it dude 

also • 
f4i6] Vor ]fe rof it ber al awei • & tueie men it slou • 
& fioru out al J?at lond • it dude sorwe inou • 



8576. m] om. oy85. Jx; secuttde'] )>e oJ>er ojS ; other y ; one e. vel'] 
ful C. com'] Jjer com Ba ; >er come ;3. 

8577. er]>grine] erl'egrene C ; er^gryjje B; er}5 grene a ; erj>e deue 0; an 
erj>e den e. co7n] J>er com a. 

8578. enlefte] endlefte C; endlefde S; Ellenejj /3 ; Elleuethe y, eleuen)>e e. 
in] of B)86. 

8579. Hous Sf chirchen] Houses churches i3 ; Houses chirches e. moni 
a] mony B ; mani^e o a ; mani o S. 

8580. \>ulke] ))icke 3 ; Hike y ; )>at e. heruest late] late heruest $ ; 
here to late heruest e. 

8581. aiidrewes] andreu is C. ar] or ye. ydo] do y. 

8582. liytinge] ly^tnynge j8 ; a ly^tnyng e. 

8583. \>ondre] J>ondrynge B ; J>onre 5 ; a J>under e. day] tyd Ba ; tid 5. 
weT] om. o)3e. grislich] grj'sly to here 6, 

8584. a wind] wind aS ; wynde j8 ; suche a wynde e. a sein] a seint a; 
on seynt /3e. eue] euen ^e. 

8585. gret] grete B. it com] \>ev com C ; om. ojSSe. fulde] velde 3 ; 
felde j35 ; felle e. moni hous] manye a house /3 ; many an house ye. 
adoun] al down ;3. 

8586. ^e] ^a i3. }pan] J>ane a. chirchen] fourtene a^he. 

8587. arm] harm BCa. also] al A. 

8588. ber] bar a5 ; bare e. al] om. a/Soe. tueie] two 7f. 

8589. &f] per & a5 ; There & ^8. out] om. ajSSe. >af] )>e /3e. 



ROBEKT OF GLOUCESTER. 013 

So gret li^tinge was ]?e vifte ^er • so ]>&t al to no^te • 

pe rof of ]>e chirche • of salesburi • it bro^te • 8591 

Eitt euene j^e vifte day • ]?at he ihalwed was • 

pe sixte ^er per com also • a wel wonder cas • 

Vor so gi-et rein • Me ne sei • vale ^er ne flod • 

& so gret forst in winter • )?er com al so god • 8595 

pat ]>er nas non so heiiy charge • of wayn ne of o]>er 

ymge • 
pat me ne mi^te ouer grete wateres • bo]7e lede & 

bringe • 
Gret wonder & dere of j^ing • ]>q seue]?e ^er me sai • 
& so gret manqualm • J^at monimon al vnbured 

lay • 

pe tej^e ^er a sterre • ]>&t comete icluped is • 8600 fol. 124. 

At alle halwen tid him ssewede • viftene ni^t 



ywis 



8590. Ihtirige] lyghtnynge y ; ly>tayng e. J)e] hat a5. 

8591. pero/] per of 5. of] om.B. sa/csfiwri] salusbun « it 
broyte'] al clene adoun broute a ; clene doun was broujt ^ ; cleen a 
downe was brou^t (. 

8592. euene-] efne a. day] day after e. he] heo a ; hit ^f ; it 7 ; 
hu 5. ihalwed] yhalewed a; halowed ye. 

8593. i>er com al so] also bifel a ; also bifelle P ; also by felle e. a wel] 
}.er com wel a ; t>er come a J3 ; o wel S ; )>er come a wel e. 

8594. rein] a reyn C. «e sei] ne sawe 7 ; neuer se e. vale yer] 
falle yev C ; fale yev Ba ; so fele >eeres e ; many >eer p. 

8595. Sf] An B. so] om. /3. forst in winter] wynter & forst G, 
forst] frost /3 ; froste e. winter] wintere a. god] J.at lay & abode e. 

8596. P«<] om. €. nas] was )3e. ne of] or ^ ; carte or of e. o>er] 
ot>ere a. 

8597. me ne] men e. j r u- n 

8598. M,onier] hunger Ca; hungur ^ ; hunggiir e. rfere 0/ J^en^J 
durhede a ; dured C ; derebede ;8 ; derhede 5 ; derj^e €. he] >at e. 
seuehe] seuene Be ; seuenth y. me sai] men se €. 

8599 so] om. a$5e. manqualm] manqualyn B; manquelm O. 

monimon] mony on B ; many on C ; manion aS ; many ^e. a/ 

rnfturerf] vnbured C ; vnburyed B ; for hunger ded a ; for hungur ded^ ; 
for honger ded 5 ; for hunggur deed e. . , , . ^ 

8600. te\>e] tuj>e a5 ; ten^e e. a] a ; 00 ^. >a<] >e ^e. ^c/«/,ei .s] 
men callid /3 ; men called e. , z.- 

8601. a//e /ia/u.-en] al haleweyn C ; alle halewene a; Alhalowe y. him^ 
ssewede] sswede 5 ; me sey « ; men sawe ^ ; men hit se e. niyt ywxs] 
ny^t hit falHd (failed e) ^€. 



614 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pat J^e taylede sterre • men clupe}? raid ri^tc • 

Vor }'er com]? fram hire a lem • sui]?e cler & 

briite • 
As a tayl oj^er a launce • as me may ise • 
pulke sterre is selde iseye • bote it bodiinge be • 8605 
pe tuelfte zer temese • moni toun aseincte • 
Vor so heye J?at flod aros • & mony mon adrcinctc • 
In a toun in barcssire • |?at hamstede icluped 

is • 
In somer out of J^e er]?e • pur blod sprong ywis • 
[417] Viftene dawes & wende • aboute brode & wide • 8610 
pat it made blod red • |?6t water ]>er bi side • 
Wanne me sede him of suche wondres • j^at god on er])e 
sende • 
Malicia pat it was vor is lu]?ernesse • to trufle he it 
regis. ^ende • 



8602. pat'} om, e. clupe\>] cluped hym B ; clupyej) C ; clepi^e)) o • 
clupie}> 5 ; callej> $ ; hit cleped e. mid riyte'] & myd ry^t C ; 
termidryt a ; termedri^t 3 ; termid ry^te S ; termeued ryjt e. 

8603. com\>'] come J> a; come B)3e. fram hire a leni] o lume of hure o; 
o leme of hure 5 ; of hure o leme /3. fram hire] fro hit e. /em] 
leom C. sui)>e cler'] whil^e cler C ; ry^t faire )3 ; wonder fayre e. 

8604. As] As hit had be e. ise] see y ; hit se e. 

8605. pulhe] That f. iseye] sene y. bote it bodiinge] but jif J>er any 
tokenyng e. bodiinge] bodynge y. 

8606. tuelfte] tuelf C. temese] themys e. moni toun] many a 
toun C ; many a ton j8. aseincte] asentte B ; aseyntte C ; aseynte a ; 
aseinte S ; schent j3 ; hit a seynte e. 

8607. >af] \>e /3e. Sf moni/] J^at mani a ; J>at many ; J>at many a e. 
wio?i] men 5. adrei7icte] adi-entte B ; adrent C ; adreinte o5 ; was 
dreint ^ ; was dreynte e. 

8608. a] o a. in] of C7. hamstede] hamstude B; hampstede a. 
icluped] callid 7. 

8609. some?-] i>e somere e. er}>e] vrt>e a. pur blod sprong] blod i>er 
sprong a5 ; blood owt spronge ;8. piir] ora. e. sprong] spronge 
vp e. 

8610. dawes] daies jSe. Sf wende] hit wende a ; hit went ySe, brode] 
eke boj' brode e. 

8611. ])et] >at Ba; J>e CjSe. 

8612. sede] tolde e. of suche] Hse /3e ; of Jse aS. on er\)e] an er^e B ; 
in erjje o. sende] dude sende €. 

8613. vor] om. B. trufle] Trifle y ; a tryffel e. ivende] made e. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 615 

Vor J7e lu}7ernesse of him • no tonge telle ne mai • 
Vor so cruel ne so tirant • ich wene no mon ne 

say • 8615 

Vor ]>e worste men of ]>& lond • & mest cruel al so • 
He wolde make is conseilers • & bi hor red al do • 
pe erchebissop of kanterbury • anselin j^at was ]>o • 
Fleu out of engelond • vor is vnritt and wo • 
So ]>at ]>e king ]>o he deide • ]?ulke erchebissopriche • 
Of kanterburi adde in is hond • j^at so god is & 

riche • 8621 

& ]>e bissopriche of salesbury • & of winchestre al 

so • 
& abbeies in engelond • enleuene J^er to • 
Ech riche clerc ]?at deide • is eir he wolde be ■ 
Bote More vnri^t ]>at he dede • ne mitte nomon 

ise • 8625 

Atte laste ihesu crist • nolde hit jwlie nott • 
So ]7at l^ei it late were • to depe he was ibroit • 



8614, 8615, transposed in afiye. 

8614. >e] om. 5. no] non B ; ne 7. 

8615. cruell lu);er mon B ; cruel man Ca/SSe. so'] om. o/35e. tiranf] 
' cruel B. wo] non B ; neuev fie. ne say"] ysay a ; saie /3 ; se e. 

8616. wien] man e. of]ye .... cruel] & |>e crueluste of al his lond 
a ; & cruelest of al his lond pS ; & cruelest of al this londe -y ; & j'e 
cruellest of al J>is lond e. i>e lond] al hys lond B ; al his lond C. 

8617. make] maki^e o. is conseilers] of his conseille e. hi hor red 
al] by hem al B ; bi horn alle C ; seHe al bi ham a5 ; clene bi hem 8 ; 
al cleen by hem e. 

8618. anselin] anselm B. 

8619. Fleu] flei C ; Fley a ; Flowe 7 ; Fledde e. wo] his wo Ca/35e. 

8620. \>ulke] that 7. 

8621. adde in is hond] he hadde on honde ^ ; he had in honde e. 

8622. §• of] & C. 

8623. in] of BCa/35. enleuene] sul euene B ; endleuene C ; endeleuene 5 ; 
enlefne a • elleuen j8 ; a eleuen e. 

8624. deide] tho deyed 7. 

8625. ]>at he] ^an he Ba^e ; ^ane he 5; >anne C. dede] dude Cae. 
ne] om. e. ne mi-'ytc nonioji] non man ne my^teB. ise] se 786. 

8626. nolde hit] lenger -wolde him/8; wold him no lenger e. )polie] 
yjoli^e a ; Jjole /3 ; dure 7 ; suflFre e. 

8627. Omitted in 5. >e?'] om. C. ibro-^t] brought 7, 



G16 THE CHRONICLE OF 

A monek ]>e niit |?erbiuore • ]?at he aslawe was • 

Matte as he lai aslepe • bi hum a wonder cas • 

pat }?e king com in to an chirche • as fers mon & 

wod . 8630 

& wel hokerliche bihuld • ]>q folc ]?at ]>er stod • 
To ]>e rode he sturte • & bigan to frete & gnawe • 
pe armes vaste & }>ies • & mid is te]> to drawe • 
[418] pe rode hit ]?olede longe • ac s\\]>]>q attelaste • 

He pulte him mid is vot • & adoun vpri^t him 

caste • 8G35 

pe king me tolde j^is • ac he ne tolde J?er of 

no^t • 
Ac na]?eles sonc to soj^e • ]>e tokninge was ibro^t • 
Vor anon amorwe • |?e king adde Aville best • 
Vor to wende an honte]? • in j^e nywe forest • 
fol. 124 b. pat was in souj^hamptessire • »& naj^eles he was in 

drede • 8640 



8628. A'] O aS. 7nonek'] monech S. \>erbiuoye'] byfore e. aslawej 
slayne y ; Isleyne e. 

8629. Matte'] Mette BCay86. aslepe] slepe o5 ; on slepe ;3; & slepte e. 
bi] of 6. hum] hym BC ; him a^SSe. a] o a. 

8630. com] code B. an] a BC ; the 7 ; om. aj85e. fers] a fers Ca;8 ; 
a fersse e. ivod] a wodde e. 

8631. wel] ry^tjS; ful 6. hokerliche] h6kQ\\y ye. bihuld] bihelde )3. 
\>e] >at CajS. J>e folc \>at \>er] that there the f olke stode y. 

8632. sturte] sterte /3e ; strurte A. 

8633. vaste ^ \>ies] & >e )>i)es faste o5 ; & J>e Jjeies fast ;8 ; & J^e >ies 
fast 6 ; and thees fast y. Sf ynid] myd B. 

8634. hit] him e. \>olede] holyd C ; suffred e. longe] longe 
ynoui )3 ; long I nowe e. sut>J>e atte] sij^en at 6. 

8635. He] Hu 5. pulte] put /3 ; putte ye. mid is vot] wyt vot B ; 
mid ]>e fot aS ; with }>e fote )3. f/jr/jf] opri^t aS. him] om. aS. 

8636. pe] To Jje /Be. king] kinge a. ne] om. /8. /je we 

no)<] ^er of he sette lyjt no^t €. 

8637. to solpe] anoon e. \>e] to a;3 ; om. 5. ivas] he was P; to soj^e 
it was e. z6ro^<] brou^t ;3. 

8638. a7norwe] morwe C; amorewe a; on morowe y. 

8639. wende] go j8e. aw ^o?Ue>] a honte> C ; an hunte}) a ; an 
huntynge /3 ; an huntyng e. in] in to /3e. 

8640. wos] is CajSSe. sou\>hawptessire] Southampshire 7 ; Sou>hamp- 
shyre e. §"] ac a5 ; but /3e, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 617 

To wende uor such auisions • & is lii]7erhede • 

Vor ]?e deuel was |7er biuore • )?er aboute yseie • Diabolus. 

In foiirme of bodi & spek al so • mid men of ]7e 

contreye • 
So J»at pe king was adrad • & bileue vor such cas • 
To wende er anhonte]? • pe wule he vastinge was • 8645 
Ac after mete J70 he adde • iete &, idronke wel • venacio 

He nom on of is priues • J;at het water tirel • ^^^^'' 

& an vewe o]?er of is men • & nolde no leng abide • 
pat he nolde to is game • tide wat so bitide • 
Vor he was somdel hait • as is herte was best • 8650 
He wende him vor)? an honte]? • to J>e niwe forest • 
So )?at he vond sone an hert • he sset him sulf anon • 
& J7e hert vor|? wi]? |?e arwe • bigan vaste awei gon • 
He prikede after vaste inou • toward j^e west ritt • 
His hond he huld biuore is eien • vor ]?e sonne litt • 

8641. wende'] go e. such] wich 5; })at e. auisions'] auision o; a 
visioun j8 ; a vision S ; vision e. Sf is] & vor hys B ; & for his e. 
lui>erhede] luj»er dede BCa/3e. 

8642. deuel] deouel a. ]>er aboute] & J>er aboute e. yseie] I se e. 

8643. bodi] a body C. spek] speche a/85 ; of speche e. al so] 
om. oj85e. ]>e] |>at C. 

8644. adrad] adred S. Sf bileue] & byleuede B ; & bileuede C ; & 
bilefde aS ; & bileued /3 ; J^er for he leeft e. such] swich S ; }>at Ce, 

864.5. wende] go e. er] er non BCa5 ; or noon j8 ; or none y ; or no e. 

an honte]>] an hunte]? Ca ; on huntynge /3 ; an huntyng e. 

8646. Ac .... }>o] Ac after \>o a ; But when 6 ; But \)0 e. iete] 
ete /3. Sf] and also /Se. idronke] dronke 5. 

8647. nom] toke yf. priues] priue men /3 ; priuy men e. het] hyte e. 

8648. an] a BC/3e ; ane a. o];>er of is] o>ere of . his a ; of o>er )3 ; 
oJ>er e. nolde] wolde )3e. no leng] non lenger B ; no lenger j85e. 

8649. pat] But Jjat e. 7tolde] ne -wolde /8 ; wolde e. so] om. a ; 
schulde /3 ; schuld e. 

8650. hait] hayt a ; hasty /8e. 

8651. He .... vor^] SoT\>e he went e. aw honte\>] an huntelj a ; on 
huntynge /8 ; an huntyng e. 

8652. an hert] o hert a. he sset him sulf] & he him self shette e. 
sset] shotte y. 

8653. f/rwe] arewe Ca. bigan] & bygan B ; gan a5. bigan .... 
gon] fast awey gan gone ^e. 

8654. ?no!i] anon S. 

8655. Aowrf] honden B; hondes 3 ; handes e. he] om. /8, A?</d] hud a, 
eien] eyn B ; ei^en /8 ; ei^e a5. i-or] al for a/3e. 



618 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Sagittacio So ]>at J'is water tirel • ]?at ]>ere biside was ney • 8656 
° * "Wolde ssete an o]>er hert • J?at as he sede he sey • 
[419] He sset ^e king in atte breste • j^at neuereft he ne 
spek • 
Obitus Bote J>e ssafte ]?at was wij^oute • grisliche he to 
''^'- brek . 

& anowarde ]>e wombe • vel adoun • & deide wi)?oute 
speche • 8660 

Wi]?oute ssrift & hosel anon • ])er was godes wreche • 
po water tirel isei • ]>at he was ded anon • 
He at arn as vaste as he mi^te • f'at was is beste 

won • 
In ]>e endleue hondred ^er • as in \>e jer of 

grace • 
pus was ]>e king willam • issote in ]?ulke place • 8665 
& tut he adde king ibe • j^rettene ^er biuore • 
& more )?an a fourti^er it was • |?at he was ibore • 
In a jjoresdai it was • & ]?e morwe al so • 
After lammasse day • j^at |?is dede was ydo • 

8656. l>is'] om. C/8e, biside leas'] was be syde c. 

8657. an'] on o. \)at] om. oi35e. he sei/] Jjat sei C ; J>at hit sei a ; 
J)at he seize ^ ; J^at hit isey 5 ; he hit se e. 

8658. >e] J>ane o. atte] at j'e S ; l>e e. breste] bruste a ; bryste e. 
ne] om. y. spek] spak a ; spac S ; spake e, 

8659. grisliche] my^tlych C ; greseliche y ; grysly e. he] he hit e. 
to brek] brek C ; to brak o ; brak S ; to brake e. 

8660. Sf . . . . tvombe] anoward l^e wonde C ; & on Jjc -woimde o5e'; But 
on ]>e wounde )3. J'C wombe] hys wombe B. vel] fel o5 ; felle fi ; 
he felle e ; hei ful C. Sf deide] & J>er he dyde e, 

8661. hosel] housel Ca. 

8662. isei] J^is sawe j3 ; se e. mioji] so anone /3 ; so a noon e. 

8663. He at arn] Away he ran 13 ; Aweyhe ranne e. at am] atornde 
B ; at arnde Co5. as vaste] om. afiS. wo7i] iwon 5. 

8664. endleue] enleue B ; endleuej^e C ; enlefte a ; elleuenj>e P ; eleuen e. 
yer] ^ere a. in )>e ^er] of J^e jeer e. 

8665. \>e] om. Bj3e. issote] shotte y ; I shette e. \>ulke] \>a,i e. 

8666. he adde] had he C. king ibe] be kyng e. zfie] be y. i>ret- 
tene] Jjrittene a ; >irttene e. yer] >er e. 

8667. ^ more .... it was] & was more jsane fourti yer aS ; And was 
more J>an fourty fi ; And hit was more )jan fourty e. iJore] bore 76. 

8668. a] o a ; 00 7. l)oresdai] >orsday a ; thursday 7. Sf] & in 
ajSe. OTorwc] amorewe c 

8069. After] Apon 6 Vppon e. teas] was J'us e. ?/(/q] do 7. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 619 

To winchestre he was ilad • al mid is grene wounde • 
pat euere as me him ladde • ]?e blod orn to 

grounde • 
Amorwe anon he was ibured • In J?e munstre ywis • 
Ritt biuore ]>e heye weued • as is bodi ^ut is • Sepultura. 

At is buriinge was moni a mon • ac wepinde 

vewe • 
He adde endinge as he wur]?e was • & such it is to be 

ssrewe • 8675 

pe erchebissop auncelin • ]>at bitonde se )?o was • [420] 

He tolde )?at in aiiision • he sei bi him a cas • visio 

pat he was biuore god ibro^t • is dom vorto auonge • ep^g^' j 
& j^at he was ]?ere idemd • to J^e pine of helle stronge • 

henricus 'primus • fol. 125. 

And jjat was to leue wel • wanne |?e godemon it adde 
ised . 8680 

Sone J^er after me tolde • ]?at J^e ssrewe was ded • 



8670. Had'] ladde 7. 

8671. pa<] And j8e. Am Zorfrfe] ladde him a^S. )?e] J>at BCaS. 
o?'7»] )orn C ; ran doun j3 ; ranne downe e. grounde'] J>at grounde a. 

8672. Amorwe anon] Amorewe anon a ; A noon a morowe as e. ibured] 
buryed y ; beryed e. immstre] mynystre C. 

8673. weued] weuede C ; Auter fi ; awter e. as] where e. 

8674. moni a mon] mony on B ; maniman o5. ac] & y3 ; om. e. 
wepinde vewe] wepynd wel vewe B ; wepynge ful fewe j8 ; wepyng ry^t 
fewe e. 

8675. He .... was] His ende vnworH was e. He adde endinge] 
He endede aS; And )3. he] om. fi. §•] om. a)85e. such] wich 5. 
it is to be] is to be a ; is to ben /8. ssreive] a sehrewe C/Se. 

8676. auncelin] anselyn C ; anselin a5 ; aunselym B ; Anselm j8e. bi- 
■^onde] bi^ende C; b[i])ende a ; be^onde 5. se] \>e see /8e ; om. 5, 
\>o] )pe 5. 

8677. sei] sawe 7. a cas] o cas a; 00 cas 7; a wonder cas e. 

8678. ibroyt] brought 7. auonge] a fonge C ; fonge o;85e. 

8679. \>ere] )>ar a. idemd] ydampnedC; idempned a; I dampned 
e ; dampned y3. ■ )>e pine] peyne )3e. 

8680. godemon'] godman a. it] om. a/35e. ised] sede j8 ; seyde 7. 

8681. Sone )>er after] )3at after sone a ; That soone (sone e) jjer aftir /3e ; 
per after Bone 5. 



620 THE CHRONICLE OF 

TjEnry king willames broj^er • ];e congest of ]>e ]>re • 
Anon after is bro|?er de\>e • as ]>e barons gonne 
bi se • 
Ymad was king of engelond • at winchestre in ]?e 

place • 
At is broj^er biiriinge • J?oru onre louerdes grace • 8685 
In engelond he was ibore • henry pis noblemon • 
pe Jjridde ter ]?at is fader • engelond biwan • 
He was |?ulke of alle is sones • |?at best bicom king 

to be • 
Of vairost fourme & best maneres • & mest gentil & 

fre • 
Vor ]?at he zongost was • to boc is fader him drou • 
pat he was as to him biuel • god clerc ynou • 8G91 
So ]7at neuereft afterward . ]?o he king was • 
He nolde is clergie bileue • vor nobleye ne oj^er 

cas • 
A time ]>e wule he ^ong was • is o broj^er him smot 

ywis • 



8682. Henry'] Harry e. king'] om. a;8S. \>e] om. C5. -^ongost] 
^ongoste B ; zongeste o. of\>e] of >o j8. 

8683. bro]>er] bro>ers Cye. as] om. Be. ]>e] om. 5. gonne] 
bygonne e. bi se] se C3 ; hem se e. 

8684. Ymad was] Made was 7 ; And made hym B ; To make him e'- 
at] and at e. )>e] >at /3e. 

8685. bro)>er] brojjers C. louerdes] lordes e. 

8686. ibore] borne 7. henry] Harry e. noblemon] noble man Ba. 

8687. bi wan] hi wan o ; here wan jSe ; wan C. 

8688. ]>ulke] semlyest e. is sones] the sones 7. best bicom] bicam 
best a;85 ; by come best e. 

8689. Of vairost] Of fairest C ; Offairesteo; ffeyrest of e. best] om. 
BCaS ; of /Se. Sf 7nest] & most C ; bo>e fi ; bo> e. gejitil] ientyl «. 

8691. to him biuel] to hym ful C ; him bifel 13 ; hit byfelle him e, gnd 
clerc] clerc god a ; clerke goude C ; Clerk goode ^ ; clerk good 5 ; 
clerke good e. 

8692. neuereft] neuer jSe. 

8693. nolde] wolde nou)t P ; wolde no)t e. is] om. a^Se. clergie 
bileue] clergi^e bileue a ; leue clergi & ; leue his clergye e. vor . 
.... cas] for any nobley in no case e. 

8694. A] O ay; Jn a e. \>e wule] while C/3e; }>ewhile 5. is 0] his Oj8e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 621 

And he wep & is fader- stod & bihuld ]?is • 8695 

Ne wep nott he sede leue sone • vor it ne com]? no^t 

to ]>e ' 
Vor |7ou ssalt tute be king • & |?at me ssal ise • 
His fader him made at westmunstre • kniit is owe [421] 

honde • 
In ]>e niente];e ^ere of is elde • & ladde him out of 

londe • 
Mid him into normandie • & bileue mid him }>ere • 
Ritt ney vorte he deide • in J?ulke sulue ^ere • 8701 
No]?er of is bre]?eren • ]>o is fader was ded • 
Nas nei him bote he one • as ich abbe er ised • 
peruore he 2ef him is blessinge • & al is tresour j^er 

to. 
& he adde is moder eritage • al clene of tifte al so • 
So J7at he was riche ynou • wij^oute |;e king & is 

bro]?er • 8706 

& nadde none nede • to J'e on ne to J^e o]?er • 

8695. Atid he wep'] & he wept C ; So J^at he weep fi ; So bat he wepte 
€. bihuld] bi hulde C. t>?s] al J'is a^e. 

8696. Ne] om. €. wep] wep J'ou a ; weep I'ou ;3 ; wepe J>e S ; wepe 
)jou Ce. he seide leue so7ie] leue sone he seide C. leue so?ie] om. 
afiSe. vor] om. aj3e. ne] om. j3e. com])] bieomej? ajSSe. 

8697. ssal] ssalt B. ise] se y. 

8698. westmu7istre] westmynystre C ; Wynchestre y. is owe] wij> his 
owne e. 

8699. Jiiente]>e] uynetu)>e a; nijentej^e S; uyn|je lie. elde] age e. Sf 
ladde] he ladde e. londe] Jjis londe e. 

8700. bileue] byleuede B ; bileuede Cj3 ; bilefde a ; bilefte 5 ; dwelled e. 
mid] om. B. 

8701. vorte] fort a ; for C ; vn to j8 ; for tyl e. i;>ulke] \>nt e. 
sulue] self ye. 

8702. iVoJ^er] Nouther y ; NeiJ^er e. is bre^pereji] his bre}>erene a; his 
brewer j3. 

8703. Nas nei him] Nere him was P ; Ny^e him was e. he] hei C. 
one] om. y ; a loon e. abbe er] er habbe a ; haue byfore e. er] 
om. B. ised] sede 7 ; seid e. 

8704. ^e/" /i/m] ^af hym B ; hadde o^5 ; had e. al is tresour] his tresor 
al a ; his tresour al ;8. 

8705. he adde] om. a^Se. modcr] moders e. 

870G. i/7iou] man ajSe. wii>oiite] wiJ>out helpe of e. Sj- is] bis Ca/35e. 

8707. ^ nadde nojie] That he hadde no jS ; That he had no e. io ])e] to 

)>at e. 7ie] nojjer /3 ; nouther 7. \>e cl'tr] |>at oJ>er e. 



fol. 125 b. 



622 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Ac ]fe king vor is vnritt • wel ofte wi|; sede • 
And more he louede roberd • vor is more mekhede • 
At winehestre he was ichose king • of l^e heyemen 
monion • 8710 

po is bro]7er was ibured • &; )70 wende he anon • 
To westmunstre «Sz; was icrouned • king )?e yev]>e day • 
Of ]>e bissop of londone • as to him bilay • 
Mid J^is gode crouninge • ])e sui];or hi gonne hye • 
Vor roberd courtehese was icome • to normandye • 8715 
peruore monie heyemen • ne dude him none manhede • 
Some feynede a delay • & some al out wi)? sede • 
po he was ycrouned king • at westmunstre y wis • 
He bihet god & )?at folc • an biheste ]?at Avas j^is • 
[422i" ^^ alegge alle luj^er lawes • J'at iholde were biuore • 
& Jje betere make j^an hii were • su|>]7e be was ibore • 
Maister willam gyffard • he tef ];e bissopriche • 8722 

8708. V7iriyt'} vnri^te a. wel] Tjyt fi. ofte'} ofte he Bo/SSe. 

8709. A7id .... louede] That he loue e. And] Ac aZ ; But y3. 
louede] lofde 5. voi' his iiiore] most for his e. 7)W}-e] om. C. 
mekhede] mukhede a, 

8710. ichose] chose 7. l^e] om. aj35e, hcyemm] hei^e man o. 
monion^ manyon one j8 ; many one 7. 

8711. ibured] buryed 7. Sf] om. e. 

8712. westmunstre] westmystre C. §•] & Jjer o;8 ; & her he e, 
icro^ined] crouned 7. ver\>e] four)>e e. 

8713. to him] hit to him a;35e. bilay] laye 0. 

8714. Mid] And 5. gode crouninge] crounynge so noble fi. yode] 
noble e. sui\>or] swijjore 5; faster j8e. hi gonne] hui gonne 5 ; >ei 
g6nne hem e. hye] lije o. 

8715. icome] come 7. to] into 5e. 

8716. heyemen]' vnen e. ne] no ;8 ; om. €. him] to him e. Jionc] 
no ttjSSe. 

8717. Some] Summe o ; So hat some /3 ; For som e. some] summe o ; 
o)>er som e. iui\> sede] hey Avih seid e. 

8718. ycrouned] crouned 7. westinunstre] -westmystre C. 

8719. bihet .... biheste] bihijt good heste to god & to he folke ; 
made a vowe to god & to he folke e. an] one a. )>at] & hat Ca. 

8720. alegge] aleye e. lu\>er] Inhere a. iholde were] holde were 7 ; 
were I made e. biuore] biforne 7. 

8721. he] om. BCa)35e. betere make] betere makye C; betere maki^e 
o; make better 6. hii] om. BCS; hera^Se. ibore] borne 7. 

8722. he "ycf ^^ bissopriche] to him he pue of Wynchester he byssop- 
ryche e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 623 

Of winchestere & maister anselin • ]>e erchebissop- 

riche • 
pe soneday he was ycrouned • &d of heruest ]>e viftc 

day. 
& ]7e verj^e after is bro]?er def* • as is conseil bi say • 
He let grede ]7oru al j^e lond • ]^e vni'i^te lawes 

vndo • 872G 

pat is fader & is bro]?er helde • & prisons deliueri al 

so . 
per was loye in to al j^at lond • ])0 men mitte abbe 

lawe • 
& libbe in loye & in riite • ]?at er were al to drawe • 
Special loue I'er adde ibe • er ich vnder stonde • 8730 Sponsaeio 

Matilde 

Bituene him & J»e kinges doiter • Mold of scotlonde • 
So )?at he willede hire to wiue • & j^e bissopes al so • 
& J^e heyemen of ]>e lond • radde ek wel ];er to • 
So J?at sone so he was king • a sein Martines day ich 

wene • 
He spousede hire |?at was icluped • Mold ]?e godc 

quene • 8735 



8723. Of winchestere'] om. €. ^'j And to f. anselin] Anselm ye. 

8724. pe] In J>e e. soneday] souenday o. ycrouned] crowned y. 
&f] om. e. 

8725. §•] om. e. ver\>e] ferthe daye y. broker] brokers C. de\>] 
daie ;3. bi say] to him dude say e. 

8726. grede] grede anon C; crye anon B ; criey3; crye e. )poru] l^oru 
out C. al \>e] al B ; al J)at o ; al J>is e. v7ido] to vndo /3. 

8727. ^ is] & S. prisons] prisoners 76. deliueri] deliuerede o ; 
deliuered 5 ; delyuere y ; deliuere e. 

8728. into] in e. \>at] om. B ; )>o a$S ; J^is e. >o] >at 5. 

8729. Sf libbe] To lyve e. in riyte] blis $ ; blysse e. m] om. 5. 

8730. jjcr] om. e. ibe] be y. er ich] longe as I )8 ; long byfore I e. 

8731. kinges doyter Molde] J>e gode molde kinges douter a; t>e molde 
kynges doubter j3 ; Moolde ^e kyngges dou^tter e. 

8732. willede] •wilnede Ca5 ; desyred jSe. wiue] wif a5. 

8733. of J>e] of J>i8 e. radde] rad ;8 ; conselled e. ek] hym BC ; 
him ajSSe. 

8734. so] as C ; JjO ae ; when )3. a sein] a seint o ; on seynt jSe. 

8735. was icluped] callid was jS ; I cleped was e. 



624 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pat was kunde eir of engelond • as ichabbe itold biuore • 
Vor er was J>e kunde eritage of engelond vorlore • 
Vor edward was ]>e kinges sone • ]7at me spec]? of wide • 
pe stalwarde king |?at was • Edmond yrene side • 
[4231 ^ ]"^ ^^^ edwardes doiter • Margarete ich vnder stonde • 
pe kinges wif Macolom • king of scotlonde • 8741 

po was mokl ]>e gode quene • hor dorter ywis • 
& kimde eir of engelond • as ich abbe ised ar ]>is • 
& so com ]7oru hire engelond • in to is kunde More • 
After seint edwardes de|?e • as ich abbe ised biuore • 
& pais al so verst mid hire • vor arst nas ]?er non • 
Bi |?is ]?re kinges daye • |7at vnkunde were echon • 
Seint edwardes auision • of j^e tre ]?at was so hey • 
Was ]?o to soj^e icome • ]'at biuore is dej^e he sey • 
Monie were |)e gode lawes • imad in engelonde • 8750 
poru Mold ]?is gode quene • as ich vnder stonde • 

8736. was'] om. a5. was .... engelond] kynde eire of Englond was ;8. 
ichabbe] ich habbi 5. ichabbe itold] I haue tolde ye. biuore] 
byforne y. 

8737. er] bjfore e. engelond] \>e kiindom C; J>e kinedom a5; J)is 
kyngdom ^ ; J>is kyngdome e. vorlore] verlore B ; I lore e ; lorne y. 

8738. edward] ewarde 5. 

8739. pe . . . . was] That was stalworj^e kyuge P ; Which was J>e 
stalwor)?e kyng e. king] kynges sone C. yrene side] myd \>e iren 
side C. 

8741. kinges wif Macolom] king Makelonues wyff e. hing] \>e kyng B ; 
& queyne C ; & quene aSe ; and \>e qwene /8. 

8742. mold] )?is mold a ; )>is molde fie. hor] her By ; hare aS. 

8743. &•] And also e. eir] eier C. engelond] Jie londe fi. ised ar] 
seide er bifore /8 ; seyde here bifore y. ar] by fore e. 

8744. hire] hure 5. in to] to Ca;85. 

8745. dei>c] daies C ; daije a ; daie fi ; day €. ised] seyde y. 

8746. al so] ek a ; eke e. verst] vorst B. verst mid hire] furst 
mid hure com a. ; with hure furst fi ; w' bur come first e. arst] erst y ; 
byfore e. 7ias] was fie. 

8747. J>(s] \>es a. daye] daises a; daics CfiSe. 

8748. auision] vysion e. hey] heha a. 

8749. Was \>o] And thanne y. ico»ie] come y. biuore is de]>e he] 
he bifore fi ; he )>er byfore e. he sey] he sei^^e a ; isei C ; sei^e fi ; se e. 

8750. were] was fie. lawes] lawe fie. imad] J^at J^ei made fie. 

8751. Mold .... quene] pis gode quene mold «5; pe good qwene 
(quene e) molde fie. ich] I now fi ; I nowe e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 625 

Hit ne likede noj^ing wel • Roberd coiirtehese • 

poru is 2oiigoi'e broj^er so • engelond to lese • 

& monie heiemen of |?e lond • mid roberd hulde al so • 

Vor he was )?e eldore bro]?er • & god knitt ]?er to • 

&; naj^eles henry adde ]>o • best ritt vor ]>e cas • 8756 aduentus 

pat ];e gode mold was is wif • ]7at kunde eir ]?o was • hese°"^*^' 

So jat in ]7e verste ter • j^at king henry ber croune • 

Roberd him bij^o^te • to bringe him al ])er doune • 

Biuore lammasse ]>e tuelfte day • at an hauene her bisoul^e* fol. 12c. 

Mid is ost he ariuede • p'at me clupe)? portesmouJ;e • 

King henri al so god • aten him vaste drou • 8762 [424] 

Mid is knittes & barons • & poer ynou • 

Gode knittes |^at p'ere were • bet hom vnderstode • 

pat bituene tueie brej^eren • batailes nere noli gode • 

An fourme hii made ]?at ei|?er helde • is owe lond in is hond« 

Roberd normandie • & henry engelond • 8767 

8752. ne'] om. e. naj)i7iy'} non J>yng B. 

8753. yo7iyore'] ^onge )3e. so engelond to] Englond so to Pe, lese'j 
luse /3. 

87.54. ^] ffor e. i>e] >is e. 

8755. J?e] om. BC5 eldore] vldere a ; uldere S. yod] gode B ; a 
good €. \>er to] ek J^er to o5 ; eke )>er to e ; also J^er to /3. 

8756. ^-] Ac a ; But 0e. henri/] harry e. vor \>e cas] om. B. i>e] 
^at a;35 ; J>is e. 

8757. ]>at . . . ]pat] om. B. \>e] om. Pe. was] om. /3. )>a/] 
i>ac A ; whiche e. kiaide] ri^t kunde aS ; ryjt kuude C ; ryjt kyude 
/3. >o] om. BCaySSe. 

8758. henry] harry e. ber] bare a ; bar 5. 

8759. al \>er doune] J;cr adoune ;8 ; here adowne e. 

8760. tuelfte] twelue j8 ; twelffe e ; twelf 7 ; twefte 5. aii] one a ; 
on S. her] fier B. bi sou\>e] bisought y. 

8761. dupe))] clepe)> 5; callith 7; clepen e. 

8762. yod] with good wille (wylle e) /8e. 

8763. poer] oj^er pouer a ; oJ>er power fi ; oJ>er poer S ; o)>er strong 
power e. 

8764. bet] bede C ; bet \>a.t hii B ; bede J^at hi a ; bede bat hui 5 ; prayede 
t>at \>Qi $ ; seid ^at J>ei e. hom] om. o. 

8765. tueie] tuei C; twey 5; tweyne e ; two a. 7iere] were ^e. 

8766. A71] pat o ao; So o ^ ; Suche a e. t'i>er] ))ei ;8e. helde] hulde 
C. 2s] eijjer his j8f . owe] owene a5 ; owen /3 ; owne e. lond] 

om. BCa^Se. zn is hond] on his bond a5 ; on honde j8 ; in honde 6. 

8767. Roberd] As robert o ; As Roberd y36. ^] om. ;8. he7iry] 
Harry e. 

R R 



G2G THE CHRONICLE OF 

& vor roberd eldore bro]7er was • J^at henry to rente 

him here • 
Al is lif J^re ]70usend Marc • fram ^ere to ^ere • 
& we]?er of horn also • lengore were aliue • 8770 

Were oj^eres eir bote he adde • eir bi is wiue • 
Her of was god sikernesse in ei)?er alf ido • 
&; ]7us mid gode loue • hii departede a tuo • 
& roberd was vorte Misselmasse • mid is bro)?er ^e 

kinge • 
Su}>J>e he wende to normandie • to is owe ]?inge • 8775 
pis king henry & is wif • j^e gode quene Mold • 
So wel ditte engelond • j^at it was wide itold • 
Pouere hous of religion • j^at luj^er kinges ssende • 
pat were biuore hom • hii gonne vaste amende • 
pe abbeye of redinges • & of cirencestre al so • 8780 
Ortus filie. Hii rerde verst of sme]?e ground • & tut mo 

];erto • 



8768. vor'\ vor l^at B. eldorel Jse yldere a ; \>e elder ;8 ; videre 5. 
t>a<] >erfor e. henry'] harry e. to rente] om. B ; rente fi ; 
rente to e. 

8769. Al Marc] Thre t)Ousand Marke by his lyflFe f. lif] 

lyue B. to] to W 5. 

8770. iiie\>er .... also] also whej>er of hem e. lengore] lengest e. 
aliue] a lyffe e. 

8771. Were .... eir] Scbiild o^eres ayere he e. o\>eres eir] )>q 
oj^eres eir C. eir] an eyr B ; an eir C ; on eir o ; ane eir S; an ayer. 
€ ; oJ?ere eire /3. 

8772. Her of] per of C. alf] syde e. 

8773. \>us] >>at J>us a ; ))ar }>us 5. 

8774. vorte^ fort a; stille vn to /3; for to bit was e. vorte .... hro\>er] 
myd his bro)>er fort myhelmasse C. Misselmasse] Myelmasse B ; 
Mihelemasse a; my^helmasse ;3 ; mi^halemasse 5; Mijhelmasse e. 

8775. Su);>];>e] And si)>en e. to is] in to his e. 

8777. di^yte] in pees J^ei sette e. it was .... itold] men ful wyde 
J>erof tolde e. wide itold] ful Avide tolde /3. 

8778. Pouere house] Pore houses ^Se ; Poure hous y. lu)>er] lu}>ere o. 

8779. were] were here aj8e ; were hit 5. biuore] biforen a. amende] 
to amende e. 

8780. redinges Sf of cirencestre] Circestre and Eedynge (Eedyng e) 0e. 
^] om. C. 

8781. rerde grounde] rered out of i>e grounde e. mo] 

more P. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 627 

In |7e enleue hondred ^er of grace • .Ss in J^e vifj^e itold • 

Vr louerd horn sende an dorter • ]7at icluped was mold • 

Hii nadde nammo children • bote ]>e king adde biuore . [425] 

An sone ]?at het roberd • j^at was abast ybore • 8785 

pe acord J^at was er ymad • bituene vr king so vaste • [426] 

& roberd is bro]?er courtehese • lute wile it laste • 

Yor vr king j^e verste ^er • ]^at vr louerd a child him 

sende • 
Mid gret ost &; poer • to normandie wende • Guerra 

A lute biuore heruest • & vpe roberd is broj^er • 8790 ^^'^trum. 
Vaste bigan to worri • & hor eij^er a^en o]?er • 
So y&t a Misselmasse eue • mid hor ost hii come • belium. 

To gadere mid gret strengj^e • & ]>e bataile nome • 
pe king adde wel ]>q more folc • ac roberd J^at was so 

god • 
In batailes in J^e holi lond • J^ere it vnderstod • 8795 



8782. In )>e] om. a/Se ; In C5. enleue'] Enleuene « ; endleuen S ; 
EUeuen y ; Eleuen e. in \>e y//>e] J:.e vyft B. Jpc] om. C. 

8783. horn sende-] sent hem e. an] a B7 ; o a5. icluped was] 
yclupel. was eke B ; hi cleped eke C ; hui clupud ek 8 ; me clepede 
ek a ; men callid also j3 ; men also cleped e. 

8784. Hii] He B. nadde] om. C ; hadde /3e. nammo children] no 
mo childre )8. hiuore] J^er by fore e. 

8785. An] Ane a ; Oo 7. )>at] whiche e. het] om. B. ahast] in 
baste e ; a bastard ;3. yhore] bore ^. 

8786. pe] Thilke /3e. er] om. ^e. ymad] made fi. vaste] 
uas S. 

8787. is bro]>er] om. BaSe. is hro\>er courtehese] Curthuse his broker ^. 
lute] litel o ; wel litel e. wile] whule 5. 

8788. a] o a ; 00 7. him] to him e. 

8789. gret] a gret e. poer] stronge power ^; a stronge power e. 
wende] he wende B ; he went ^e. 

8790. lute] lytel e. hiuoie] a fore ^ ; to fore e. vpe] open a ; 

apon 7. 

8791. worri] werry C; werre fi. hor] om. a^Se. 

8792. a] at Ce ; apon /3. ilfwse/masse] myelmasse B ; myhelmasse C 
Mihelemassea; My>helmasse ;8 ; Michelmasse 7 ; Mijelemasse S ; Mi>- 

helmasse €. eue] day 7- "«'' /*'"' «*0 ^^^^ '^'^'"'^ ^^* ^• 

8793. To gadere .... streng\>e] Wythgret strenghte to gidre 7. Sf \>e] 
& e. nome] Jjei.nome e. 

8794. wel \>e] wel J^at a ; moche ^e. 

8795. /« 6a<aifes] At bataile «;35 ; At a batelle «. i^ he hit afi ; he 

him €. - ^ 

R R 2 



G28 THE CHRONICLE OF 

VoY SO wel he va^t & is men • hardissede cehon • 
pat he drof verst ]>e king at en • &5 is oj^er fon • 
Ac J>e king adde so muche folc • & he so lute alas • 
pat is men bigonne to fle • ]>o mest ned was • 
foi. 126 b. So f'at atte laste he was • vaste inome inou • 8800 

Jiobeiti. Moni was j^e gode bodi • ]?at he arst slou • 

0]?er kni^tes ]>er were inome • ]?at mid him were al so • 
&L ilad in to engelond • & in strong prison ido • 
In prison was roberd al is lif • & ^ut ich vnderstonde • 
Him adde betere abbe ibe king • of |?e holi londe • 8805 
[428] pat he vorsoc uor he nolde • in gret trauail be • 
po adde he reste inou • wanne he ne mitte fle • 
Awey seli Robelin • sell courtehese • 
In vuele time ]70u mi^t sege • reste ))ou dust chese • 
& l?e hexte prince of cristendom • vor to be vorsoke • 
Vor trauail j^at god wolde • &; to reste toke • 8811 

8796. Vor so"] So oj35; Howe e. he va^fji & faughte 7; he fou^tte e. 
hardissede'] hardy sede C ; & hardissede o ; & hardisede S ; & har- 
desched hem )3 ; )>erfor he comforted his men e. 

8797. pat'] So J>at e. verst .... ajew] )>e kyng fast a^en e. \>e 
kitty a^t7i] ajen )>q kynge fi. kiny] om. B. ^ . . . . fon] & w* 
him al his foon e. o\>er] o^ere a. 

8798. lute] litel 7. 

8799. hiyonne] gaune j8. to] om. C. ^o] whan e. mest] moste 7. 
7ied] nede B ; neode a. 

8800. inome] take /3 ; I nome fast e. , - 

8801. Moni was \>e] Mani^e vras J>at o. \>e] bat C. slou] a slou a. 

8802. 0\>er] Oj^ere o. \>er] om. C. inome] moni^e o ; manye /8 ; many e. 

8803. ilad] ladde j3. in to] to o;8Se. in] into B. ido] do 7. 

8804. ivas roberd al] he was al /3e. 

8805. Him . . . ibe] hym were betere habbe C ; Betere hira hadde to be a ; 
Better him hadde (had e) to haue be fie ; Betere him were habbe ibe 5. 

8806. pat] Whiche t, he] om. o5. nolde] ne wolde /3 ; wolde 
no)t 6. yret] so gret fie. be] so beo a. 

8807. ne mi-^te] ne my^te (my^t e) no^t Be ; my^t nou^t 8. 

8808. A wey] Walaway /3 ; Wellaway 7 ; Weylaway e. seli] seli pore fie. 

8809. In b'uele] Vuele a ; In euel 7; Fele 5. \>ou miyt] J^ou my^telBo ; 
my^t J>ou fie. seye] sey e. )>ou] om. B. reste \>ou dtist] reste 
dust B ; rest J^ou dust C ; reste f^ou duste a ; J>at \>o\\ rest dide fi ; J^at )'0U 
reste dudest e. 

8810. §•] om. afi^e. hexte] heiste C ; hijest e. cristendom] cristen- 
dome he was afie. vor to be] for to he e ; vn to he j8. 

8811. Vor] pat fi ; The e. \>at] wanne B. icolde] to him sent e. 
toke^ bim toke e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 629 

po ]?ou vorsoke such traiiail • to be in godes seruise • 
& wra}>Jjedest so miiche god • ];ou ne dust no^t as ]?c 

wise . 
Wat was |?i strengf'e wuv^ • & J?i chiualerie • 
po ]70u lore grace of god • ywis noli wur]? a flye • 8815 
Ech mon be bi ]?e y war • be wuch so he be • 
^if he lesej? godes grace • he ne ssal neuere i| e • 
In J7e endleue hondred ter • & six ler ]>er to • 
Of ]?e lev of grace was • J'is roberd inome so • 
In ]>e lev ]7at he was inome • men iseie iwis • 8820 
pe tailede sterre • ]?at gret bodiinge is • 
po was vi'e king henry • );oru out king alone • 
& nadde in neuere a side • destorbance none • 
Biuore alle o]?ere god him tef • pre |?inges as 

richesse • 
& wisdom & maistrie • &5 ]?is was gret heinesse • 8825 

8812. po] That y. vorsoke'] versoke B; forsok a. such'] })at e. to 
be in] of e. godes] god B. 

8813. §•] Thou f. tLTa\>\iedest] wraj)est B ; wrajpdest f. so much e 
god] god so muche e. ];>ou 7ie dust 7ioyt] t>e ne dust nout a; |>an dedest 
)>ou no^t iS ; Jpou nou^t dust 5 ; wherfor l^ou dudest nojt e. as] al 5. 

8814. ^-] & al /3e. 

8815. lore] lost 0. grace] \>e grace CySe. noyt] hit was no)t e. 
a flye] o fli)e a. 

8816. 2/war] ware y ; awar 5. 6e w«cA so] what so euer ySe. he] he 
eueie B. 

8817. ZeseJ>] lesyt B ; lest a ; lese /Se ; lust 5. godes grace] J?e grace of 
god afie. he ne ssal] ue schal he Caj85; ne schal he J>an e. i\)e] 
y}>eo a ; }>e ;8. 

8818. endleue] enleue B; eulefte a; endlefte 5; elleuenj? /3 ; eleuen e. 
six yer] sixti ^er a ; sixti j3 ; sixty e. 

8819. zras] om. /3e. J^/s] om. a5 ; J?at /3e. /?iome] was take jS ; was 
inome e. so] ^er to 5. 

8820. In \>e] pat a;85e. /ie] hei C. inome] take y. ?seje] sawe y ; 
se e. 

8821. tailede] talede a; bry^t tailede /8 ; bry^t tayled e. bodiinge] 
bodynge B. 

8822. king] om. oySe. henry] harry e. 

8823. nadde] hadde. /3 ; so he had e. in neuere a side] in none syde a ; 
in no side /3 ; in no syde e. a] an C. destorbance] distroubelance «, 
?»one] neuer one oj3 ; neuere none 7, 

8824. as] of /3e. 

8825. ^ msdom] And of wysdome 7 ; Wisdom e, 



630 THE CHRONICLE OF 

In J>is ]7i"e jnnges • ]7er nere • none him iliche • 
Ne none of is eldore • neiiere biuore him so riche • 
Wisore king biuore him • ]>ev nas iseie non • 
Mek he was to Mildemen • & cruel to his fon • 
Sparie he wolde Mildemen & harde chasty ]?e proute • 
So hard he was vpe Jjeues • ]?at hii ne durste nour at 
route . 8831 

[429] Mid is wisdom J^at was so muche • he hom out drou • 
& false serians of assise • & dude hom ssame ynou • 
False elnen & mesures • he brotte al clene adoun • 
^if enie of is men misdude • ]>q pouere in eni toun • 
0)7er eni richemon ])e pouere • vengance he nom stronge • 
(Szi ne sparede nott tif he were • wurj^e to ben an honge • 
Vor in trauail he was gret inou • of ]>oite day & nitt • 
Vor to saui poueremen • vram richemenne vnritt • 

8826. nere"] were P ; was neuer e. none'] non man B. him'] om. B ; 
to him e. iliche] liche y. 

8827. is] om. C. eldore] vldere a ; eldor C ; eldres fi ; elders e. 
neuere] ne nere B. neuere biuore him] bifore him nere a5 ; bifore hym 
nere C. so] were so fie ; was so y. 

8828. 7ias iseie] was seen neuer /3 ; was neuere sene y ; was neuer I se e. 

8830. Sparie] Sparine a ; Spare 76. Mildemen] meke men j8e. 
harde chasty] harde chaste C ; harde chastise a ; chastise harde /Be. 
J>e] om. a. 

8831. So] om. e, hard] harde a. vpe )>eues] to Jieoues o; to Irenes 
/SSe. 7ie] om. e. nour] nowhar C ; nowar a ; no)t jSe ; om. 5". 
at route] rowte )3 ; route e ; ac route 5. 

8833. serians] sueryars B ; swcryars C ; sweriers o5 ; swerers ;3 ; sweres y ; 
swereres e. of] in C;8e. assise] assyses B ; asises C ; assises a;65e. 
§• dude] he dude e. 

8834. elne7i] elne jerdes a ; El^erdes j8 ; ^erdes e. ^] & also /Se. 

8835. yif] & )if ae ; And if j8. k« men] hem j8e. misdude] 
mysdeden e. pouere] pore /3. in eni toun] in Citee or in town 
(towne e) )3€. 

8836. 0)>er] Or C. richemon] riche o5; ryche ySe, veyigance] 
veniaunce 76. nom] toke y. 

8837. ^ ne] & a^h ; He e. yf] al if j8 ; al >ou) e. wur\>e] 
Avorjji P ; wor)>i kyng e. to hen an honge] men for to honge e. 
hen] be CaS. an honge] honge 5. 

8838. gret] om. a^e. of ... , ni'^t] bo>e in ny)t & in dale /3 ; bol^ 
ny^t and day e. Sc] om. A. 

8839. to] om. B. saui] sauye C ; saue /3e. poueremen] t>e pore 
men )3e. vram .... vnriyt] fro \>e vmy^t of J^e ryche aye /3; fro 
vnryjt of ^e ryche ay e. richemenne] riche man d. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 631 

Lengore man he was somdel • l?an is bre]7eren were • ^i- 127.^ 
Vair mon & J^ikke inou • & of broune here • 8841 

Ballede he was & J^ikke of breste • of bodi vat al 

so • 
So hende |>at he ne ssolde • In so gret anuy be 

ido • 
Of ti]7inge ne o]?er anuy • ]?at he ssolde is corteisie • 
In eni dede bileue . & he were in compainye • 8845 
Worri he wolde watloker • mid worde j^an mid arme • 
Wi]70ute blode ^if he mi^te • & wij?oute harme • 
Entempre he was of mete & drinke • & of slep 

]?erto • 
Abbeyes he rerde in normandie • & in engelonde al 

so • 
Bituene tiieye wateres • he rerde redinge • 8850 redinge. 

Bituene kenet & temese • & let ]7er inne bringe • [430] 

Monekes of cloyni • ^at hende were wel longe • 
peruore horn come mo gistes • ]7at vaire were vnder- 

uonge • 



8840. \>an] J>at By. bre\>eren'] brej^erene a ; bre>er P. 

8841. i>ikke'] ryche jSe ; right y. Sf'\ and also ^e. 

8842. he was'] om. a/SSe. breste] briiste a. of bodi] & of body €. 

8843. hende .... ssolde] hende he was >at he wold nojt e. so] no e. 
■ anuy] anu 5 ; anuye C ; enuye j8 ; enuy e. ido] do afie. 

8844. Of ... . anuy] For any tydyng of enemye e. o\>er] of BCa^S. 
anuij] anuye ;3 ; anu 5. }>a<] & also >at e. ssolde] wolde Ca^5 ; 
wold of e. 

8845. In eni dede] Of no wycked fame e. 

8846. Worri] Werre ye. ivatloker] whatloker Ca5 ; raj>er ^ ; wyselokere. 
worde] wysdom B ; wisdom Cct^S ; wysdome e. arme] armes a^e. 

8847. harme] harmes oySe. 

8848. Entempre] Entempore 5 ; In temper /3 ; Entemperate e. he was] 
om. a;85€. §• of] he was & of a;6S. slep] slepe he was e. 
\>er to] al so B^e. 

8849. al so] J>er to B/S ; her also e. 

8850. tueye] tweyn e ; two y. 

8851. let ]>er inne] Jjer in he let e. 

8852. clorjni] clonye C. hende were wel] were ryjt ^ ; were wel e. 

8853. Veruore .... gistes] To resseyue gystes e. horn] J>er o^. 
mo gistes] mo gystes B ; mo gustes C ; gistes u^ ; giftes y ; gistes 
mo 5. \>at] )>an BC ; J>ane a. )>at vaire were'] & feyre hem f. 



632 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



An 



he adde an wis child • bi Mold is 



w. filius. 



Daciones 

episco- 

patuum 



gode 



sone 

wiue • 
pat was willam icliiped • J'at to lute was aliuc • 8855 
Vor ar he were vol woxe • In ]>e se adreint he was • 
& p'at was to al engelond • a wel deoluol cas • 
King henry in \)q seuej^e ter • of is crouninge • 
&; enleuene hondred ^er • & seiiene • of ur loiierdes 

aliitinge • 
po he adde ido is bro]?er • in siker warde inou • 88G0 
& is dorter was an tuo ter old • to conseil 'po he 

di'ou • 
In a witesonetid • a gret parlement he nom • 
At westmunstre noble inou • ]?at muehe folc to com • 
Alle ]>e bissopriches • J^at deliuered were • 
Of normandie & engelond • he lef al clene ]>ere • 8865 
& abbatia- & alle ]>e abbeies |>er to • so J'at itiue me nuste • 
So vale neuere at o tyme • as me ]>o wuste • 



aw] a BCay. Mold] Molde B. 

lute'] lite while o ; litel 



8854. An] A 07 ; Wherfor a e. 
wiue] wyf C. 

8855. Vat] Whiche e. icluped] eallid 7. 
■while ;8. aliue] a lyf C. 

8856. ar . . . . woxe] or he was fuUi wexe j8 ; or he was fully I woxe e. 
adreint] adronke BCa ; adronge S. 

8857. a wel] a wel swi})e a ; a ryjt /3 ; right a 7 ; a wonder e. deoluol] 
dulfol a ; doeful /8 ; sorowfulle e. 

8859. ^] In 5 ; om. ajSe. erdeuene] enleue Bo ; endleuene C ; endlefte 5 ; 
Eleuen €. ^er Sf seue7ie] & seuej^e ^er a ; & seuen ^eer e. seuene] 
seuebe 5. ur louerdes] our lorde B ; godes o5 ; godis $ ; goddes e. 

8860. ido is bro]f>er] his broJ>er ido (ydo j8 ; I do e) aySe. 

8861. an] om. a/SSe. an tuo] a tenB; to a. to] to a e. 

8862. In a] & one a ; And at one /8 ; And at an e ; And in 5 . witesone- 
tid] whitsone tyde o ; Wytsontide )8. a] o a; 00 7. 

8863. roestmunstre] westmyster C. 
\>at muche] {'at gret aS ; & gret /3. 

8864. Alle] & alle ajS5 ; And al e. 
S ; to Jje kyng delyuered e. 

8865. ^•] Stofae; of 7. ^ef] ^aue hem y8. 

8866. alle Ye] of alle \>e oj^ere $ ; many 6. ]>er to] also e ; om. /3. 
so \>at] J>at so a. iyiue me miste] men neuer nyst /3 ; men neuer by 
fore nyste e. nuste] muste 5. 

8867. So vale neuere] So many jeuen 3 ; So many I ^eue e. vale] 
fale Ca5, 0] one ae ; 00 7. J>o] )>&t tyrue ^e. wmte] wist ^. 



nohle inou] w' gret nohley 6. 
to] l^er to 0/35. 
deliuered] deliuerede a ; deliuere 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. boo 

Engelond & normandie • in god point he bro^te • [43 1] 

& holi chirche )>oru out al • )>at eode er to no^te • 

per was ^o in engelond • a suij^e gret louerding • 8870 

On of ]>e grettost |?at ]>er was • wi]?oute henri king • 

Sire roberd le fi^ haym • l>at let verst arere • ^^^^]'''' 

pe abbeye of teoskesbury • & monekes brotte ]?ere • 

He deyde aboute ]7ulke tyme . & ibured was ywis • 

In \>Q abbeye of theoskesbury • as is bodi ^ut is • 

Mabile is dorter was • eir of al is londe • 8876 fiiia h--- 

pe king vor ire eritage • him gan vnderstonde • 

To bringe roberd is sone abast • in is warison J^ere • 

poru spousinge of ]>is mayde • l^at he avanced 

were • . /. , ^ ^ 

He sede bat heo ssolde is sone • to hire spousinge fol. 127 b. 

^ ^ 8880 

auonge • 

pis mayde was j^er a^en • & wi)? sede it longe • 

8868. point] pees e. ,^ , . j n j 

8869. §•] And also e. \>oru-] \.or B. a/] al J>ing e. eode} jude « ; 
rede C/Se. er <o] er nei at C ; by fore al to e. 

8870. a] o 5. sui]>e gret] gret BC ; wel gret hey a ; wel gret heije P ; 
wel gret hi>e e ; wel gret yS. louerding] lorlyng C ; lordynge P ; 

lording S. 
8871 of] om 5. ^.e grettost] gretteste a. ]>at \>er] J,at Ca$5 ; om. 
7 .' he € wi]>oute] next ^e. henri] Henry owre ^ ; harry oure €. 

8872. lejiy haym] of Fy> Hayme ^ ; of Fit> hayme y. let verst] firsts 
let e. arere] rere fi. . ^ , ^ * i 

8873. teoskesbury] teukesbury BC ; teukesbun a; Tewkesbury 7 ; tekus- 
bury 5 ^ • • • • J'^'"'^] ^ ^^^^ monekes here a ; and dide monkes 
here P ; & in hit dude monkes here e; as his body jut is here C 
(omitting 8874, 8875). broyte] dude 8. ,, , ^ ^ ^ ^ 

8874. aboute] at «i35e. tyme] a tyme e. §• ikcred] hat he I beryed e ; 

& buryed 7. „ , , • t 

8875. /«] On a. theoskesbury] teukesbury B ; teukesbun a. as] 

and 7. 

8876. eir] & eir Ca; & ei>er S. londe] londes B. 

8877 ire] his a ; his 5. vnderstonde] to vnderstonde Pe. 

8878'. sone atast] bastard sonne e. ts] his ^€. warison] weresoun 

j8 ; warson 5. 
8879. Porw] This ^ ; In e. of] horwj ^. Ae] om. BC5. 
380. heo] hu 5 ; sche e ; she 7. spousinge] spouse BCa^Se. auowgre] 
afonge C ; fonge o^e. „ , „ . 7 t 1 

881. pis] pe afle. her] here .. ^•] & schs e. fon^e] wel 

longe a. 



634 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Comitatus pQ king of sotte hire sui]?e ynou • so )?at atten ende • 
Mabile him ansuerede • as god maide & hende • 
Sire heo sede wel ichot • J7at toure herte vpe me is • 
More vor min eritage • J?an vor mi suliie ywis • 8885 
So vair eritage as ich abbe • it were me gret ssame • 
Vor to abbe an louerd • bote he adde an to name ■ 
[432] Sire roberd le fii haim • mi fader name was • 

& J?at ne mi^te no^t be his • j>at of is kunne no^t 

nas . 8889 

peruore sire uor godes loue • ne let me nomon owe • 
Bote he abbe an tuo name • war j^oru he be iknowe • 
Damoysele qua]? ]?e king • )70u seist wel in jjis cas • 
Sire Roberd le fiz haym • J?i fader tuo name was • 
& as vair tuo name he ssal abbe • lif me him may bi 

se • 
Sire Roberd le fiz rei • is name ssal be • 8895 

8882. ofsoyte'] af soute a ; af sou^te S ; sovryt j3 ; by sou^t e. suH>e'] 
om. oS ; wel j3 ; long e. a«e?i] at J)an o5 ; at the ye. 

8883. him'] to him e. god] gode Ba. 

8884. heo] hu S. ichot] i^ wot C ; ich wot a5 ; I wote j8e. youre] 
cure o ; our S. vpe] ope o ; apon y. 

8885. \>an vor] }>an B ;j5ane for a. mi sulue] me sulue C; me e. 

8886. vair] god a5 ; gret ^e. rne] to me e. 9^et] moche Pe. 
ssame] shames e. 

8887. Vor] Jeanne for a ; pane for 5, abbe an louerd] habbe o louerd 
a; wedde suche a lorde fie. a?;] one a; a C ; oo 7 ; om. e. to 
name] tuo name B ; touname C ; two names e. 

8888. 7iii] \>i /8. fader] faders Ce. name] too name 13. 

8889. ^] So 7. ne miyte] may e. is kunne] his kunde a ; his 
kynde j8 ; }>at kynde e. 7ioyt] om. afi; he €. 

8890. peruore] per C. ne let] ne latej' (8; lettej> e. me 7iomon'] 
me non man B ; no man me /3 ; no maner man me e. 

8891. 071 tuo 7iame] two names e. an] one a ; a 7. tuo }iamc] 
touname C ; toname a ; tooname 7. be] om. A. iknowe] knowe j8. 

8892. Damoysele] Damesel C ; Dameiseleo ; Damysele. qua\>] seidejS; 
seid 6. 2w] on 5. 

8893. /ader] faderes B; faders e. tuo name] name B ; touname C; 

toname a ; twoname 7 ; two names e. 

8894. tuo name] name BCa ; a name )3e. him may] may hit e. himi 
om. o)35. bi se] se e. 

8895. Sire] om. /Se. lejiz rei] fiz le roy BCa ; fiz le rey S j fiz le Eoye 
6 ; f jz Roy 3 ; Fitz Roy 7. ssal] ssab A ; schal nou a ; schal now /35 ; 
schal nowe « ; nowe shal 7. 



trie. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 635 

Sire qua]? ]?is maide Jjo • Jjat is a vair name • 

As wo seij? al is lif • & of grete fame • 

Ac wat ssolde is sone hote )?amie • & oj^ere |7at of him 

come • 
So ne miite hii hote nott • |?er of nimej? gome • 
pe king vnderstod ]?at ]>e maide • ne sede non 

outrage • 8900 

& ]>at gloucestere was chef • of ire eritage • 
Damaisele he sede ]>o • yi louerd ssal abbe an 

name • 

Vor him & vor is eirs • vair wi]70ute blame • primus 

Vor Koberd erl of gloucestere • is name ssal be & S?,™^^ 

^ (jrlouces- 

his • 

Vor he ssal be erl of gloucestre • & is eirs. iwis • 8905 

Sire qua|? ]>is maide J>o • wel like]? me ]?is • 

In }?is fourme icholle • }?at al mi god be his • 

pus was erl of gloucestre • verst ymad ]?ere • 

As ]7is Koberd of alle ]?ulke • ]?at longe biuore were • 



8896. gwajj] quod e. \>is maided \>e maide a ; ]>e maiden j8 ; >eMayde e. 
a vairl vayr B ; o fair o ; a ry^t faire ; a wel fejTe e. 

8897. Omitted in fiy. tt'o] who so o. §•] & ek o ; and ik S ; & eke f. 

8898. Ac wat] A what ae. hote'] hyte e. ];>an7ie] cm. aj35e. ^• 
o)>erc .... come] he may nojt haue J^e same )3. o)pere] J^e 
childern e. 

8899-8901 omitted in /Sy. 

8899. So ne] For so e. hit'] hui 5 ; he e. hote no-yt] uo^t hyte e. 
nime\>] nemej> C. 

8900. )>at] om. o5e. \>e] j^is aSf . ne sede non] & to hur seid w' out 
outrage e. non] nout o. 

8901. §•] Ac 5 ; At e. ]pat] om. aSe. was] is e. ire] \>\Vl e. 

8902. an] a C7 ; one a. 

8903. Vor him Sf vor is] & for him & his aS. wi^poute] vi\]> outten e. 

8904. erl] )>e Erie /3. §• his] & ys B; & is a^e. 

8906. qua\>] c^ y. )>is] \>e Be. wel like\> me] me likej> wel al /S. 

8907. )>is] Hsse a. icholle] !"= wolle C; ich wole a; ich wolle S; I 
wol y ; I wylle e. ^orf] t-yng BC ; Hng aSe ; J?inge j8. 

8908. pMS M;as] He bos /3 ; Thus was he e. rers<] he ferst a. ymad] 
ymade B; was made /3. 

8909-8911 omitted in 37. 

8909. .4s] om. aSe ; ac C. \mlke] \>o e, biuore] by fore him e. 



636 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[433] 



Leuacio 

castelli 

bristowe. 

fol. 128. 

Prioratus 

sancti 

lacobi. 



pis was endleue hondred ^er . & in J>e nilpQ ^er ri^t • 

After J^at vr louerd was • in is moder ali^t • 8911 

& of j^e kinges crounement • In j^e nij^e ^er • 

pat J7e verste erl of gloucestere • j^us was ymad J>crc • 

Roberd ]?at sposedc ]?c riit eir • king heniycs sone • 

pat vor is gode dedes wor); • ich wene euerc in Mono • 

& bristowe ]:>oru is wif • was )?o al so his • 8916 

& he brotte in grot stat • ]>e toim as lie ^iit is • 

& arerde j^er an castel • mid po noble tour • 

pat of alle J^e toures of engelond • is iholde flour • 

pc priory e of seint lames • In ]?e nor]> side a lute -8920 

He rerde of blake raonekes • as is bodi li]? ^ute • 

Vor he is biuore ]?e heye weued • ibured ]>eve iwis • 

& of ]>e hous of theoskesburi • ]?ulke couent is • 



8910. pis was'] om. a5e. cndlcue'] enleue Bo; endleuene C. ni\)e'\ 

om. B ; ni^ej'e 5. xcr] om. a5e. 

8912. ofl in /3. crounement'] crounynge /3 ; crownyng e. //;] as in 
fie. ni^e] om. B ; nynj)e /8. 

8913-8925 omitted in fiy. 

8913. Vat >e] lie o; pe 5; Thus he was e. verste] om. e. ]>us was] 
first 6. 

henryes] henry B ; harryes e. 
gode dedes] gode dede B ; goodenys .so good e. 
ich wene euere'] euere \'^ wene C ; euere ich wene 



8914. ri-^t] kynde e. 

8915. pat] om. a. 
wor\>] he wor^e e. 
aS ; euer €. 

8916. \>oru] })0ur B. j)o] om. B. al so his] his also I wys e. 

8917. in gret stat \)e toun] also )je towne in gret state e. as he] ase a ; 
as hit €. 

8918. §• arerde \>er] Also }>er he rcred e. 
an] o a; a e. mid \>e] wi)> an e. 

8919. Vat of] per of 5; Whiche of e. 
he is a ; hit is e. iholde] holde e. 

8920. 8921, transposed in ae. 

8920. pc priorye] An house e. lames] icmes C ; ieme 5. 
norJ> a. a lute] he lyjjc e. 

8921. He] And^erhee. rerde] rerede C. blake monekes as] 
Monkes blake where e. li\>] is a8i. 

8922. Vor he is] And \\]> a; A lytel e. is] om. C. \>e] om. 5. 
weued] weuede C ; awter e. ibured] bured 5 ; I beryed e. \pere] 
)>er he is e. 

8923. theoskesburi] teukesbury BC ; teukesburi a ; tekesburyS; Tewkes- 
bury e, ]>ulke] t^at e, 



arerde] rerde Ba ; rerede C. 

J'c] om. a. of] in e. zs] 

flour] }>e flour a ; ^e floure e. 



]>e worJ>] 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 637 



kej'nes- 



& is sone after him • ];at het ]>e erl willam • ^;^ 

Bio-an versfc & arerde • ]>e abbey of keynesliaui • 892o 
pe emperour of alimayne • willede to wiue • ^j j^^^^^^. 

Mold ]>e kinges dorter • & to ri^te Hue • latori. 

Heo nas bote of vif ^er okl • j^o heo was to the em- 
perour • 
Ispoused ]?at hext was . & of al cristendom flour • 
WiV gret nobleye & richesse • to alimayne heo com -^ 
& ]7e king of al engelond • gret raunson nom • 8931 
Vor to marie is dorter • vor he nadde nammo • [434] 

Of eche hide of engelond • ]>ve ssillinges he nom j^o • 
Hit was ido in ]>e te>e ^er • of ]>e kinges kinedom • 
& enleue hondred & >e til^e • l^at vr louerd anerj^e com • 
pe godnesse l^at l^e king henry • & ]>e quene ^^^^^ • 
Dude here to engelond • ne may neuere be told • 8937 



8924. hef] hyte e. \>e'] struck out in e. 

8925. 8c arerde] & rerde a^ ; to a rere e. 

8926. alimayiie] Almayne y. toUlede-] wilnede Ca^S ; desyred e. 
wme] his wyfe ^ ; his -wyff e. ,.-,,■ 

8927. ^<o] to holdeto /3 ; to holde hur to 6. riyte hue] h.s ry>t 

8928. Heo nas] Sche was )3 ; Sche nas e ; Hu nas 5. vif] fyue C. 
old] age 6. Iico] hu 8. was] was I spoused e. 

8929. Ispoused flour] The hi>est man of cristendome & worJ>.est 

of honoure e. Ispoused] Ypoused B ; Spoused y. Sf of al] ot al 

B ; & of iS ; of a5. flour] & flour B ; i>e flour 078. 

8930. aUmay7te] Almayne y ; Almeyne e. heo] he 0^. 

8931. Sf] om. ai35e. al] om. Ce. <jret] and gret e. nom] l>o 
nom BCo5 ; \>o nome e ; J)an nome 0. 

8932. 8933, omitted in a^5e. 

8932. 7iadde] hadde C. 

8933. engelond] engenlond C. „ n 

8934. ido in] ydone B ; in a;85.. te],e] teoj^e a ; tenj>e ^6. %er\ 
rere Ido a ; teer do P ; >er ido 5 ; ^eer I do e. , ^-u n u 

8935. enleue] endleue C. Ao«d..rf] hundred ^,eer ^. J^e ^'t'^] t^e 
tej>e B ; ten CiSe ; teoj^e a ; tij^e 8. ««^rK'] on er)>e C ; m ert-e a ; 
doun P ; downe e. , 1 w 

8936. be >i«";7] god B ; king a ; kynge ; kyng e. henry] Harry c 
oue7teT good queue e. 

8937. i5«de] Diden 13. to] in .. «e] om. C^.. neuere] enev e. 
he told] be ytolde B ; be itold Ca ; bltolde 7. 



638 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor ]?is Mold )?e wule heo was ^ong • to norisy was 

ido • 
Mold bona In l^e abbeye of rameseye • & of willtone al so • 
regina. ^ lernede ]?er claimesse • &; of godes seruise • 8940 

So }>at hire fader ire wolde • Marie an alle wise • 
In diuerse studes ofte • & heo clanliche it vorsok • 
& uor to be siker of ire stat • ]>e abit of nonne heo 

tok. 
Ac me noldc hire profes nott • make anone wise • 
Vor cas j^at miite come • vor hire gentrise • 8945 

& ]>at was wel iproued • Sz, ech cas of ire Hue • 
Biuore ]>& erchebissop auncelin • ]?at spousede hire to 

wiue • 
Vair womman heo was inou • & )?oru out al pur 

clene • 
Vor me ne mi^te hire neuere ise • vnclannesse do ene • 



8938. Mold] Mold was BC. \>e wide] \>o aSe ; when 0. heo] hu S. 
yo7ig2 )onge a. jiorisy'] norcery C ; norisschinge o ; norissinge S ; 
Norschynge ; norysshe e. was] om. BC. 

8939. rameseye] Rommesey,;3 ; Rompsey e. 

8940. Sf lernede )>er] Ther sclieUerned e. clarmesse'] clennesse y ; clen- 
nysse e. ^ of] & /3 ; in e. 

8941. fader] wader B. ire wolde Marie] wolde hure maryji a ; wolde 
marye hure P ; wolde hure marii 5 ; wold hur maryen e. an] in 
BCaj3e ; on 5. 

8942. hi ... . ofte] Ofte in diuerse stedes e. clanliche] clenlich C ; 
clenliche'a ; al clene j8 ; alwey cleen e. it] om. a5. vorsok] versok B. 

8943. to] om. 5. stat] astate /Se. 

8944. nolde] wolde no^t j8e. hire .... make] J>at sehe made profes- 
sion 6. profes] professe BC ; profession aS ; professioun /8. no'^t] 
om. BCajSS. make] makyje a. anone] a none C ; in none Bo; in 
no )3e. 

8945. vor hire] & by cause of hur e. yentrise] genterise C ; genitrise 
a; lentryse e. 

8946. iproued] ipreued B ; ypreued C ; proued j8. §•] in B. ech 
cas] euery dede e. of] al of )3 ; in al €. 

8947. auncelin] anselyn C ; anselin a ; aunselym B ; om. fie. 

8948. Vair .... was] Woman sehe was feyre e. wommaii] wimman 
a. out] om. fi. al] om. e. 

8949. me ne] men e. hire neuere ise] neuere hure iseo a ; neuer hure 
se jS ; neuer hur se e. vnclan7iesse do ene] any vnclennysse to 
done e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 639 

Bote on ];at heo nede moste • to hire louerdes bedde go • 
& siker tif heo it mitte bileue • hire was J;eruore wel 
wo. 8951 

Godes seruise he hurde al out • & werede harde here • 
& bareuot eode alle lente • bote it vor ssame were • 
Poueremen wel ofte • in to hire chambre heo drou • 
Bo]7e meseles & o]?ere • & grei)?ede hom vaire inoii • 
& wess hor vet & clene • ^e quiture out so^te • 895 G [435] 
tSz kuste ]>e sore limes • & to )?e mete hom bro^te • Leprosi. 
Some time as j^is gode mold • in to halle com • 
A knitt )?at hire priue was • In to chambre heo nom • 
po sete ]7er in ]?e chaunbre • meseles monyon • 89G0 foi. 128 b. 
po caste |?is gode mold • hire mantel of anon • 
& gurde aboute hire middel • a uair linne ssete • 
& wess ]>e meseles vet • echone ar heo lete • 

8950. o«] om. o)35e. heo nede moste'] sche nedes muste e. to] as to e. 

8951. Sj- siker .... bileue] Ac heo ne myte hit bileue a; Ac hu hit ne 
mijte bileue 5 ; Sche ne rny^t it noujt bileue /8 ; To leue hit sche mjyt 
hit no)t 6. hire wo] >er fore sche was wo )3 ; wherfor sche was wo e. 

8952. he] heo Ba; hu 5 ; sche /Se. hurde] harde /3 ; vsed to hure e. 
werede] jjerto sche wered e. harde here] \>e herd heire ^ ; an harde 
hayre e. 

8953. eode] jede /8e ; vde 5 ; wente y. alle] al \>e B ; alle i>e C; al 
Jjat a ; euery e. lente] leynte B. it] hit were /8. vor] to 
excuse e. were] J>eire $. 

8954. wel ofte] ryjt ofte tyme 13 ; wel ofte tyme e. in to] to afiSe. 

8955. 8f grei\>ede] sche arayed e. 

8956. wess] wesse B ; wesche C ; weschs a ; wasshe y wasshed e. §• 
clene \>e] al clene & }>e B. clene] om. /3e. quiture] queyne C ; 
qwetour iS ; quetoure e. 

8957. Sf] Sche e. histe] custe ek aS ; kyssed e. \>e] her e. c^] 
& J)an 6. Jjc] om. Bo;85e. hom] hem suJ>J)e B ; suJjJjc hom C ; 
seJ>J>e ham o ; suJ^J^e ham 5 ; sithen hem fi. 

8958. -Some <«me] In a tyme e. )>«s] J>e i3e. /<a//e] l^e halle e. 

8959. A] An BC ; Ane a. hire priue was] was priue with hure (hur 
e) /3e. c/ja»i6re] hur chambre e, 

8960. po] There 7e. seie )>er] satte J>an j8 ; satte \>o e. meseles] 
myseles B. 

8961. of] aweyiSe; om. 7. 

8962. gurde] sche gyrte e. middel] myddes e. a] one «/8 ; cone 7 fo 5 ; 
a noon a e. «a?r] om. Ca^SSe. /n(7i.e] liuneue aS ; lynnen ^ ; lyuen e. 

8963. wess] wechs a ; wesche C ; wasshe y. \>e] )^is C. meseles] 
myseles B. ar heo lete] or sche lefte e. 



040 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& wipede is nessco afterward • & custe is wel suete • 
Hire maidens brotte hire clene water • euere wanne 

heo lete. 89G5 

Hou mitte of an quene be • a more milsfol dede • 
pe knitt stod & bihuld • & an vewe wordes sede • 
Madame he sede uor godes loue • is }as wel ido • 
pat )jou |>es vnclene limes • handiest & kust so • 
Vil wolde mi louerd ])o king telle • wanne he ]>i mou|? 

cusste . 8970 

pat so villiche isoiled is • me |?ine}> tif ho it wuste • 
Sire sire qua|> }>e quene • be stille wy seistou so • 
Vre louerd him sulf vs ^ef ensample • such ping vor 

to do • 
peruore ich clupede ]>e ek vp • J^at |70u it ssost ise • 
To nime ensample afterward • milsfol & mek to be • 

8964. §• ... . afterward'] And after Jjat sche wepte hem softe e. is] 
his C ; ham a5; hem /3. yiessce'] nesselyche B ; nesche C ; nesse 5 ; 
softe a^ ; sone y. afterivard'] om. B. custe'] kyssed e. is] his C ; 
ham o5 ; hem fie. ivel] ryjt fi. 

8965. hire] om. afide. heo lete] heo hete a; ^oe hete B; he heite C ; 
sche heet j3 ; heo hete 5 ; sche hette e. 

8966. Ho2i . . . ie]Offaqwene how my^t he j3 ; Of a quene how my^t 
ybe e. an] a a. a] om. BajS. milsfol] mylfol B ; miUlfol S ; 
mildere a ; myldcr fi ; milder e. 

8907. an] one a ; om. fie. 

8969. \>es .... so] |>ise wesshest J^ise vncleeu mennj-s lymmes & kyssest- 
hem so e. \>es] t-ys B ; ^us afi. vticlene] vnclene mennes fi. 
liandlest ^ kust] wassche Si, cusse o ; waschest & cussest fi. 

8970. Vil] Foul o5 ; Foule ;8e. mi louerd] om. oj8Se. 

8971. so ... . isoiled] isoiled is so vilichea; afouled is so viliche j8 ; 
isoiled is so fiUiche S ; is fouled so vilyche e. isoiled] yuyled B. 
J>mcjj] byngj> B ; J>enke}) C ; J^incheJ? o. wuste] wyste C. 

8972. Sire sire] Syie B; Sire aS ; A sirre fi ; O syr y; A syr e. 
y>e] om. B. <jue7ie] quene syre a ; quene sire S ; qweue ])an fi ; 
quene \>o e. seistou] seyste B ; seist {jqu o ; seiste l^ou C. 

8973. him sulf vs] hym sulf B ; om. afiSe. vs] ous C. yef] yef\>e C ; 
laue e. such \>i7i(j] to ys a5 ; \s so fi ; to us so e ; swuch C. to] 
om. B. 

8974. peruore] }"'at vor B. clupede ]yc] )>e clcpede a ; l^e clupede 5 ; 
\>ee callid fi. ek] so B ; om. afiSe. vp] in aSe ; Inne fi. it] 
om. B. ssost] shost B ; schost a; scholdest C ; schuldest fie. 

8975. 7iime] neme C; take y ; take herof e. ensample] an saumple 
B. milsfol] mylfol B ; milfol 5 ; medeful fi ; myldefuUe e. to] 
om. B ; hereafter for to e. 



Guerra 
francie. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 641 

pis was lo a god leuedi • as it was ]?ei'e isenc • 

Heo was wiirj;e to be icluped • Mold ]>q gode quenc • 

Vor alle \>q godnesse )?at heo dude • here to engelondc • [43(5-] 

Ne mowc nott alle be here y write • ne of o mon vnder- 

stondo • 
po deidc mold ]?is gode qucno • enlcue hondred ^er • 
& eitteten after |;at god • an er|?e ali^te her • 8981 
At westmunstre heo was iburcd • a sein philippcs day • 
And seint lacob as it val);* • ]'c verstc day of may • 
Hit biuel |?er aboute • j^at ]?e erl thcbaud ]>c bleys • 
pat was king henries soster sone • dcstourbedc |;e 

peys • 8985 

& ]?oru king henries rede • made destourbance • 
& bigan to rere worre • vpe ^e king of franee • 

8976. lo'] ora. Baj85e. leuedi'] lefdi a ; lady Hyf. ]n:re] ]>av J 5 ; 
wel e. isene'] Bene 7. 

8977. Heo] 'loe B. 2^07-^'] worJ>yB; wor>i e; M'ortlii 7; woii' o. 
to be] beon a ; be 5. icluped] callid 7 ; eloped e, 

8978. Vor] om. a/3Se. tjodnesse] godnesses a. heo] yoe B, 

8979. Ne .... ywrite] No man nou)t al biwiiteu /3 ; Ne may nought al 
biwriten 7 ; Hit may no^t be wiytten e. iw^t alle be here] here 
nout be alle C. here] om. a5. ne] neil>er f. o mo?i] man 
CajS ; no man e. 

8980. mold] om. a/3e. etileue] endleuene C ; enleuel'U a ; Elleucn 7 ; 
in )f>e eleuen e. hondred] hundred & ei)t e. 

8981. §• eiytelcn] & cy^tej^e B ; & eitetejje C ; & oytete^e a; & ei^tetej^e 

5 ; & ei^te /3 ; om. e. J?a<] om. a5. an] on a^e. aliyte] \yytQ C ; 
light /3 ; dude ly^t e. 

8982. Westmunstre] Westmyster C. heo] ^oc B. ibured] buryed 
7 ; I beryed e. a sein] a seint a ; on seynt /3e. philijtpes] Ir'hilyppe 

6 lacobes e. 

8983. A7id seint lacob] om. e. Jacob] lacobes aS. val]'] fallei? a 5 
falle)> I wene e ; falij? C. K'] in J^e €. 

8984. Hit] Also hit e. ime/] biful C ; byfelle «. \)er] here>. >a<] 
om. /3. J>e] om. e. thebaud J>e bleys] tebaude de bleys B ; teobaud 
de bleus C ; tebaudde bles a)3 ; teobaud de bleys 5 ; thebawde de Bloys e. 

8985. V<J-t .... sone] )p<i kyngges susters sonne harry e. pai was] 
J3e a/35. /ienries] henry B. henries soster sone] suster sone Henry fi. 
destourbede] desturbled C ; distorbed 7 ; dystroubled e. 

8980. henries] harrjes e. made] he made e. destourbance] di.s- 

troubleaunce e. 
8987. rere worre] arere worre B; worri a; worry 5; wevre fast /S ; wcrre 

faste €. Jjpe] op on o ; apon 7 ; vppon «. 



G42 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Ware vore J?e king of france • & ])e erl of flaundres al so • 

Were alle at one rede • & J»e erl of aungeo • 

To make ]>e king henry • normandie to lese • 8990 

& saysi per wi}; willam • Roberdes sone courtehese • 

po king henry wuste ]>is • he passede attelaste • 

pe se & ^arkede is ost • vpe is fon wel vaste • 

rex anglie Wi]? him he adde in is poer • ]?e erl of brutayne • 

& sire tebaud de bleys • al so mid al is mayne • 8995 
po hii were to gadere icome • J>is bataile to do • 
pe king of france verst • is ost partede atuo • 
Willam courtehese he made • of ]>e verste wardein • 

fol. 129. & in ];e o]?er bihinde he was • him sulf mid al is main • 
[437] Ac j^e king henri is ost • a ]>re delde J^ere • 9000 

Vor ]>e erl of flaundres & aungeo • in ]?e verste were • 



8988. Ware vore'] po were B ; Whare C ; Whar })oru o ; Wliare J>oru) jB ; 
Where }>oru5 e • What )/Oru 5. \>e kiny of france'] king heuri aS ; 
kynge Henry )8 ; kyng Harry e. Sf t>e] & 5. 

8989. ^ Jje] & also with hem J^e jSe. 

8990. To . . . henry] Vor he jjoute do king henri a ; For he )>ow^i to do 
kynge Henry j8 ; For \>e kyng of Fraunce Jjou^t bat kyng Harry e. 
make] makye C ; makie 8. \>e] om. B5. to lese] to luse ay ; schuld 
luse e. 

899 1 . saysi] seisi a ; seise j3 ; eeese e. \>er wi\> willam] willam ^er 
mide o ; William >er with y3 ; Willam J^er wi}) 5 ; Wilham >er in e. 
lioherdes] Roberd y. 

8992. king] )>& kyng C. henry] harry e, waste] wiste C. passede] 
passed ouer J>e see e. 

8993. pe se] om. e. -^arkede] he grayt>ed e. vpe] apon 7. fun] ■ 
foen to go e. wel] rjyt ^. 

o995. bleys] blays j3 ; Bloys f, 

8996. were to gadere icome] come to gadere B ; were to gidre come y- 
to] for to e. 

8997. pe] & \>e ajSSe ; And 7. partede] departede C; parted e. 
atuo] in two e. 

8998. he] om. B. verste] first ost e. 

8999. in \>e o]>er] in a no>er ost e. \>e] om. B. bihinde he was] he 
was bihinde a ; he was bihynde P. 

9000. Ac \>e] And J>e B ; But e. king henri is] kinges henryes 7. 
henri] harry e. a ))re] a >reo a ; in J>re ^e. delde] deled C ; he 
deled e. 

9001. Vor] om. e. aungeo] of angeo o/3 ; )>e Erie of Angeo e. 
uersfe] first ost e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 643 

& him sulf in pe oj^er was • as wo sei]? amidde • 
& Jeanne is tueie sones were • wardeins of ]>e ]?ridde • 
Vor is sones were ^ut aliue • j^at adreint were atte 
laste . QQQ^ 

po hii adde hor ost iset • hii smite to gadere vaste • 
pe vantwardes horn mette verst • as ri^t was to done • bellum. 
Hii smite to gadere & fo^te vaste • ac oure ost al to 
sone • 

Bigan to sprede & eode adoim • ac oure middel ost 
y wis • 

As^ oure king Inne wa,s • ne likede no^t |7is • 
Hii smite vor]? ar hor time were . & ph o);er ost 
mette • ^O^^ 

& slowe & bro^te hom to grounde • & veirore hor wei 
vette • 

To ];e kinges owe ost of franee • so ]?at hii come • 
po J7e smite of lance was ido . to ]>e suerd hii nome • 



9002. Sr] myd C. >e o>e/-] a no>er e. z^-o] who so ae. 

9003. tueie^ two y ; tweyne e. of] in Ba$e. 

9004. is sones] his a ; ),ei fie. ^^nt] i,at tyme e. aliue] a lyffe e 
adreint were] adrencte were B; adreyntte were C ; dreint were 5 • were 
I dreyntte after e. 

9005. po] So B. iset] sett y. smite to gadere] smote to gidre y 

9006. m«<«;arf/es] vamwardes C; avaunt wardes a. horn] om e 
mette verst] to geder mette e. ri-^t'] ry^te B. 

9007. Hii . . . vaste] To gadere hi foute faste a ; To gidre >ei fou>t fast^ • 
To gadere hui fou^te faste 5 ; To geder hei fou^tte fast e. ac] CaS •' 
but /3 ; and e ; at AB. al to] bigan to ;8 ; byganne e. 

9008. Biyan] om. 0e. eode] yede C ; ^^eode a ; vde S ; go e ; bigaa 
go fi ■ biganne do goo y. adoun] doun y. ac] BCaS ; but /3e ; at A. 

9009. As ... , was] In whiche was oure kyng Harry e. As] That .8* 
ne likede] hem lyked e. >es] al >is a/SSe. 

9010. Hii] Vor hi a ; For hui 5 ; For ^ei ySe. smite] smote /8. i-or>] 
om. a^5. ar . . . were] al to sone /8e. ar hor] er a ; or 5. ^ 
>«s o\>er] and >is )3 ; or \>(A Hs e. 

9011. ^ s/o«,e] Thei slowe e. horn] om. aj3 . ^ ^.eirore] &. yerro e 
B ; & ferrore C ; & for>ere a ; & fer>er fi ; so >at far}>er e. Aorl or 
C ; ther y. vette] J,ei fette e. 

9012. o?<;c] om. CafiSe. come] sone come BCaSe ; soone come fi 

9013. Po] When ^ ; om. 5. smite] smytyn B ; dyntes y8 ; dynntes e 
lujice ivas] lances were o ; launces were 0e. ido] do /8. /o !-«>] 
& to e. s«erfZ] suerde B ; swerdes a/3Se. „ome] nome so e. 

S S 2 



lorum. 



644 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& slowe to grounde vaste inou • & dasste mony a sseld* 
pat longe it was ar oj^er alf • mi^te winne ]>e feld • 
Willam Crispin pat hatede • vr king of engelonde • 901 G 
Vor to sle him tif he miite • vaste bigan to fonde • 
He smot vpe J^e heued • tuye lu]?ere inou • 
pat ]?ei it ne percede no^t |7at yre • ])at blod vaste 

adoun drou • 
pe king was po wro]? • inou • is mede he him bihet • 
He smot him vp on ]>e helm • J?at he vel doun to is vet • 
pere he was inome anon • & monye o]?ere al so • 9022 
po com ]>e ]?ridde ost al verss • bataile uor to do • 
[438] As ]>e kinges sones Inne were • & smite to grounde 
anon • 
fuga gal- po ]>e frensse iseye }»is • hii ne cou];e o]?er won • 9025 
Bote turnde hom ]>q rug • & bigonne to fle echon • 

9014. Sf'\ Thei e. dasste'] barste B; daschte C; daischte a; dasched ^8 5 
al to dasshed e. sseldl schuld C. 

9015. ar ojser] or outher y ; or any e. j^e] cm, B. 

9016. HO om. 5. vr] \>c afiSe. 

9017. Vor] om. afiS. hiyan to] he gan BC5; lie gan to o/8e. 

9018. smot] smot hym BC ; smot him S ; smot him tweije a ; smote him 
tweys )3 ; smote him twyes ye. vpe] vp BC ; opon a ; on /3 ; vppon e. 
heued] heuede B ; heed j3e. tuye] twi^e 5 ; om. a/3e. lu\>ere] 
lujjereliche o ; lul>erliche /3 ; lujjerlyche e. 

9019. pa/] om. o)85e. it ne . . . . no)i] he perschid nou^t /3 ; he 
brake no^t e. ne] om. j35. percede] perchede C. noyt] om. aS. 
\>at] \>e BC. ]>at yre] \>q eire /3 ; his basenet e. )>at] \>q B^Se. 
vaste] om. a)35e. 

9020. bihet] bi heyt C. 

9021. He] & o; And /35 ; So he e. vp 07i\ apon )3. Jjg] hys B. 
helm] heed ^e. vel] ful C. doun] om, a/SSe. vet] feyt C. 

9022. inome] Itake e. o)>ere] an o>ere ;8 ; a no)>er e. 

9023. ]f>ridde] J?irdde e. verss] fresch C ; ferchs a. bataile] ]>e 
batayle B ; batelle newe e. 

9024. As ... . anon] In whiche \>e. kyngges sounes weren to geder J>ei 
smytte a noon e. As] That /3. Inne were] were inne o;35. 
smite] smote j8. to grounde] to gidre j8. 

9025. Vo ^e frensse iseye] The frenshemen ]>o >ei se e. iseye] sawe y. 
hii] om, a. cou]>e] cowde e, o\>er] non oj^er a ; none oj^ere )3 ; 
noune ohcr e. 

9026. hom] om. a)3oe. \>e ruy] >e rygge C ; to >e rugh o ; to J>e rug S ; 
to l>e lofe /} ; to her backe e, biyonne] gonne o5 ; gan )8. to] 
cm, a5. echon] a noon e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER, 645 

Ac ynome & aslawe • |?er was arst monyon • 

per was ioye }>at pe king • of france was ouercome • 

& so monye of is kni^tes • islawe & inome • . 

po ]>e frensse were al binej^e • mid Ioye & blisse ynou • 

pe king henry mid is poer • to'engelond drou • 9031 

Ac horn com a deoluol cas • in J^e se j^ere • Mersio 

Vor bol'e willam & Richard • is sones adreint were • filioruni 

rcffis & 

& is paniter & is chamberlein • & is botiler al so • aiiorum. 
& sire Richard erl of chestre • & monie o]7er j^erto ■ foi. 1 29 b. 
In ]>e tuenti}?e ^er of is kinedom • ]?is dede was ydo • I'^'^^l 
Ac wreche of god »& sunne • horn brotte J?er to • 9037 
Vor mid ]>e vile sunne of sodomye • yproued hii were 

echon • 
peruore ]>oy\i wreche of god • ];er nas ybured non • 
Ne miite be founde in |?e se • Of al ];at hii were isott • 
Vor god nolde f?at such sunne • were vnder er]?e 

ybro^t . 9041 

9027. Ac"] Also what 6. ynome'] take 7; I sleyne e. aslawe] 
yslawe o ; slayne 7 ; I nome e. was] were ;8. arst] arest B ; om. e. 

9028. 9029, omitted in 0)876. 

9029. so] om. 5. islaive Sf] slawe & ek 5. 

9030. frensse] ffrenshemen e. 

9031. henry] om. a/3e. engelond] eugelonde «. drou] he drowe «. 

9032. Ac horn com] But hem byfelle €. deoluol] dulful a ; doelfuU 7 5 
dolefulle e. )>ere] rijt J^ere a5 ; ryjt ^jere jSe. 

9033. Vor] om. o^Se. adreint'] adrentte B ; adreyntte C. 

9034. §■] om. ajSe. is] om. 5. jmniter] Panter )3. chamberlein] 
chamberleing a ; Boteler /8e. bottler] chamberleyn )3e. 

9035. Richard] Roberde /3 ; Roberd e. 

9036. In] om. a^Se. \>e] om. B. tuentii>e] twenti /3 ; twenty e. 
ydo] do 7. 

9037. Ac] For e. suniie] synne 7. horn broyte] ham broute )>o a; 
hem brou^t Jjan /3 ; brou^t hem }>o e. 

9038. vile] file C; om. a;85e. su7me] syune C7. yproued] proued7. 
hii] om. C. 

9039. peruore] And )>erfor e. 7ias ybured] nas iberewed a; was 
borwed /8 ; was borowed 7 ; a scaped e. 

9040. Ne] hi ne C ; Hij ne « ; Hui ne 5 ; Thei ne 0. Ne 7niyte] 
Thei my^t no^t e. founde] yfounde C. in \>e se] om. a/3Se. 
Ofal \>at] al Jjouj ;3e. iso-'yt] sou^t /3. 

9041. Vor] om. ajSS. nolde] wolde /3e. such suune] Swuch synne C. 
er\>e] \>q erbe /3€. 



64G THE CHRONICLE OF 

iij festa pe king held at bromtone • ]>er after al in pes • 

regis. jg fegt,e at mide winter • mid tebaud ]>e bles • 

leaacio His ester suj^j^e at berkeleye • & at windelsore iwis • 

windel- jji witesonetid he hiild • bat so noble stude is • 9045 

sore & _ » 

wodestoke. pat he let bulde him sulf • & wodestoke al so • 
& ]>e pare of wodestoke • &; der ]>er Inne do • 
King henry j^es tueye stndes • verst bulde iwis • 
Sii]?]?e he weddede ano]:'er wif • ]?o ido was al }7is • 
[440] pe witesonetid at windelsore • a womman of gret fame • 
An hei dukes dotter • adelyne was hire name • 9051 
Kex spon- Me nuste womman so vair non • in ])e middel erde • 
satuxorem. jj^ spousede hire at windelsore • J^at he him sulf rerde • 
leuacio po was |?oru ]?e king arerd • j^e abbey of redinge • 
rediDge. Jq -^q tuo & tuentij'e ter • of is crouninge • 9055 

9042. held'] huld C ; held him e. bromtone^ hromptone a. \>er 
after'] here after e. jjcs] peys B. 

9043. at] of Ca)35e. \>e bles] do bleys B ; de bleis C ; de Blays 7; de 
bleis 5 ; de Bloys e. 

9044. s?iJ>J?e] om. e. ^vindelsore] wyndesore ye. 

9045. His] Sejj^e his a ; Sithen his )8. ivitesonetid] whitsonctyd C 
(& 9050). \>at] )>are C. so] om. B. stude] stedeBS ; a stede 
/8 ; a stedde e. 

9046. \iat] Whiche e. bulde] beldc )3e ; hulde a. Sf] & also e. 
al so] >er to e. 

9047. pare] spare B, ivodestoke] Wodestocke also e. der] dur a. 
do] lete do j8 ; he let do e. 

9048. henry] harry e. Yes] J^ys B. verst bulde] first he dude hem 
bylde e. bulde] belde /8. • ' 

9049. Su}p\)e] And ]>&n e. weddede] wedde y. ano]>er] on ojjer o5. 
]>o ido] when done y. 

9050. pe witesonetid at windelsore] At Wyndesore in J>e Wyttesontyde e. 
'Windelsore] wendelsore C (& 9053) ; wyndesore y. a ivoviman] 
o wimman a. 

9051. An] And B. adelyne] a)>elin a ; Athelynge j8; Athelyng e. 

9052. 9053 transposed in y. 

9052. nuste] wist ^. ivomman] wimman a^. so vair non'] nonne so 
fayre e. m Jjc] in 5 ; in al )>is e. erde] erjje Be. 

9053. windelsore] wyndesore ye. him sulf] him sulue a; self y. 
rerde] rered e. 

9054. horu] J^er ^oru^ e. arerd] arerde B; irerd a; rered /8. abbey] 
abbei^e o. redinge^ Redyng w' out lesyng e. 

9055. \>e] om. B7. tuenti);>e] tuenti C ; twenti a; twenty /3e 
crouninye] corounyng C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 647 

Snp^e wende ]?e king a^en • in to normandie • 

To sousteine a^en ]>e king • of france • is noble 

seignorie • 
pat he adde er y wonne • & ]?o deide bi cas • 
pe emperour of alimaigne • ]?at is o]7om was • obitus im- 

«fe ]70 j^e king al adde • iconfermed vaste ynou • 9060 Peratons. 
Bituene liim & J^e king of france • a^en to ]?is lond he 

drou • 
& is dorter Avi]? him • ];at widewe was he nom • 
In ]?e sixe & tuenti)je ^ere • of is kinedom • 
He louede hire vor heo was eir • &l hei emperesse • 
He brotte hire 1 o to engelond • aboute Miel- Sponsacio 

/ (.f^n " impera- 

messe • y^oo tricis. 

po spousede ire sire geffray • J?at was erl of 

aiingeo • 
In ]?e endleue hondred ^er of grace • h seuene & tuenti 

]7er to • 



9056. Sii\>\>e\ And after J>at e. wcnde \>e k'mg\ )?e kyng went e. 

9057. To sousteine} To susteyny B ; To susteynye C ; Vor vpholde a; 
For op holde 5 ; For to vp holde j8 ; For to holde vp e. ojew] aye C5. 
\>e king q/'] om. o;856. 

9058. er ywonne'] I woune byfore c. ywonne'] wonne y. ^o] om. j; 
Jjo J^er 6. 

9059. alimaigne'] alemanye C ; aleraayne a ; Almayne y. o\>om'] o>m 
a; oljam 5; alye Be. 

9060. a/] om. e. al adde'] hadde al a^. iconfermed] confermed y. 
vaste^ al fast e. 

9061. him] oure kyng €. ayen] om. a)3S ; han €. \>is lond] his 
londe C ; engelond aS ; englond )3 ; ynglond e. 

9062. §•] & ek aS ; And also /3e. m?«> him .... was] )>at wedewe was 
w' hym C. he nom] I nome e. 

9063. tuenti\>e] twenty )36. 

9064. He] & a ; And /3S. eir] his eir Ca ; his eire j3 ; his heir 78 ; his 
eyer e. Sf hei] & also an hei^e )3 ; & also an hije e. emperesse] 
Emperasse /3. 

9065. Jjo] in oi^e. Mielmesse] myelmasse B ; myhelmasse C ; Mihele- 
massc a Miehelmasse y. 

9066. Vo] And /3. ire] hure to j8. \>at was] J'e a^5 ; om. e. 
9007, In\>e] In BC ; om. ni35e. ciidlcue] endlenene C ; EnleueBa: 

Elleuen 7 ; Eleuen e, 



648 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



& in ]>e seue]7e & tuenti ^er • of ]>e kinges crouninge 

al so • 
Mid nobleye & prute inou • ]>is spousinge was ydo • 
Hous of religion • as ich sede er ich wene • 9070 

King henry louede muche • as it was isene • 
Vor J?e ordre of greye monekes • ]?oru him me brotte • 
Verst here in to engelond • as par auntre me him bi 
sotte • 
[441] As in ])e abbey of wauerle • ]?at it verst to com • 

As in ]7e eitte & tuenti]:'e ^ere • of is kynedom • 9075 
fol. 130. & J>e verst hous |?er after • founteins me let rere • 
As it vel of is kinedom • tuo ,& ]7ritti]?e iere • 
& it vel enleue hondred ^er • as in j^e ler of grace • 
& tuo & pritti ]?at me rerde • founteins in ];ulke place • 
concepcio Vr leuedy in decembre • J^er biuore was • 9080 

marTe^ poru ]>Q aungel verst bifounde • as ^e wite]? ]?at cas • 



9068. m] om. ajSSe. \>e seue\>e] seuene B ; J^e seuene C5 ; J>e seuen $e. 
tuenW} twentijje a ; tweii>e 5. 

9069. nobleye'] noblei C ; noble j8. pride'] pride j8e. ydo] do B. 
Hous] Houses ^e. sede er] seid by fore e. er] here y. 
henry] Harry e. ise7ie] wel sene )3 ; wel I sene e. 
him] him \>o aSe ; J>an /3 ; that y. me] men ye. 

Verst here] Here first e. as par auntre] and perauenture 76, 



9070 
9071 
9072 
9073 
9074 



it verst to] hit to ferst a ; 



founteins] fonteines Oa ; 
tuo] he two 6 ; oon /3. 



wauerle] Waferlee a; Wauerley e. 
first to ]>at ordre e. 

9075. tuenti^pe] twenty j3e. 

9076. \>er after] that after 7 ; after )>&t at e, 
Fontaynes ye. 

9077. vel] ful C. of] on aSe ; in ;3. 
]pritti]>e] hrytty B ; )>rytti C ; }>irtty e ; twenty /8. 

9078. §•] As B. it vel] hit ful C ; ek aS; om. ^e. enleue] endleue 
C5 ; enleuene a ; Elleueu /3 ; ]Eleuen e. yer] yeer also /3 ; j^eer 
therto 7 ; )eer eke e. 

9079. )i>ritti] Hrtty ^eer e ; thrytty yere 7. founteins] fonteyns C. 
\>ulhe] }>at a/85e. 

9080. leuedy] leuede day B ; leuedi dai C ; lefdi day a5 ; lady day /3e. 
\>er] J>at l>er e. 

9081. \>e] om. B; an e. aungel] Aungels j8e. verst bifounde] _ 
verst i funde C ; bifounde ek furst a ; bifond ferst 8 ; fyndynge furst 
/3 ; fyndyng first hit was e. ivite])] wute^ B ; wetyj? C ; wete> we 

)>at] \>Q e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 649 

As in ])e endleue hondred ^er • & tuenty & nyne • 

After )?at god anerj?e com • to bringe vs out of pyne • 

Ac pe ordre of greye monekes • was bigonne er • principium 

At cisteus ar he hider come • nyene & tuenti ler • 

As in ]>G tuelfte ^er • of Avillames kinedom • 908G 

pe ^er ]7at cristine fole • ierusalem nom • 

Mold J7e kinges dorter • j^at emperesse was also • partus im- 

pat ispoused was to geffray • Eii of aungeo • peratncis. 

God hom sende a child bi tiiene • after hor spousing • 

pe sixte ^er ]7at het henry • ]7at was su])]>e oure 

king . 9091 

In ]?e endleue hondred ^er ■ ]?at oure louerd an erj^e 

com . 
& ]>re & |?ritti j^er to . & of vr kinges kinedom • 
In ])Q ]?re & ]?ritti]?e ^ere . |>is child ibore was • 
poru wan was su]7]7e ymartred • ]?e godemon sein 

tomas . 9095 



9082. As} And fi ; ova. e. >e] om. B5. endleue] enleuene a ; 
Elleuen ^. §- tuenty'] twenty e. 

9083. aner\>e] on vr]>e a ; on erj^e /3. 

9085. cisteus] Cistence e. ar he] or \>qi /3e. come] com a. 

9086. As] Ac a; And fie. >e] om. B. tuelfte] tuelfe Ca ; twelffe f. 

9087. pe] And J^at e. cristine folc] Cristenemen a ; Cristen men /8e ; 
cristinen S. nom] so nome afi. 

9088. kinges] kyng B. emperesse teas] was amperesse a. also! 
t>o C. 

9089. ]iat] Sche e. ispoused] spoused /8. geffray] Syr GeflFrey e. 
Erl] \>Q erl a ; \>q Erie /8. 

9090. God . . . • bi tuene] By twene hem god sent hem a child \>q sixte 
)eer e. a] o ay. after] of e {after being added above). hor] 
hare C ; hur e. 

9091. pe sixte jer] om. e. het henry] Harry I cleped was e. >«<] 
whiche e. was s#J>e] suJ>J)e was B ; was C ; was si>en e. 

9092. \>e] om. 5. endleue] eulef^e o ; endeleue S ; eleuen e. an 
er\>c] on vrj>e a ; on er^e )3e. 

9093. Omitted in B. \>re] W ]>re e. \>ritti] ^ritti )er a; j^ritti )eer 
fi. ^•] om. e. o/"] om. 5. 

9094. In )>e] And B. \>ritti\>e] J>rytti C ; thirty y; \,ivtiy e. tfiorej 
borne y. 

9095. ?raM] wham C ; wha a ; whan 5; whom y3 ; om. y. was] wan A- 
ivas sa)>\>e ymartred] sithe martired was y ; I martyrd was e. gode- 
mon] gode a5 ; good /Je. 



GoO 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



aula ox- 
onie. 

[442] 

primus 

episcopus 

curdoil. 

Rex uadit 

nonnan- 

nie. 



Debilitas 
regis. 



Glad was ])e king henry • ])0 J»e tij»inge him com • 
Of Jnilke child to ben is eir • of is kinedom • 
Nobliche is ester feste • he huld vor J^is cas • 
In is vaire hallo at oxenford • j^at ]?o ny wc was • 
An bissopriche he made ]?o • & an bissop j^er • 9100 
Biside scotlond at cardoil • as nas non neuer er • 
po wende he to normandie • & al |?c nexte ^er • 
Vor loue of ]ns tongc child • he bileuede |?er • 
Sii]?j7e |7oru som heye herte • 'per wax a lute strif • 
Bituene ]>e erl of aungeo • & j^e emperesse is wif • 9105 
pe king adde gode wille • hider to wende ich wene • 
Ac he bileuede uor is dotter • hire to soustene • 
Heo was to prout at en ire louerd • vor ire heyenesse • 
Vor heo was eir & kinges dotter • & eke emperesse • 
pe king hire fader was old mon • & drou to feblesse • 
& ]7e anguisse of is dorter • him dude ]>& more des- 
tresse • 9111 



9096. king'] good j8. khig hennj'] good harry oure kyng e. J>o] 
when fi. \>e'] \ns e ; ];>\\ke 0. tii>i?i(je'] tydyng fi ; tydynges y. 
him] to him B ; om. aS. 

9097. Of] om. ;8e. ];>ulke] Thilke $ ; That f. 6e?e] be Ce ; beon o. 
of is] and kynge of ]>at /3s. 

9098. Nobliche is] One noble a ; And noble 5 ; O noble heije /3 ; A noble 
hiie 6 ; A noble hye y. he Imld] hulde he 5. \>is] >at ^. 

9099. In] On 5. vaire] om. a/SSe. at] of B. oxenford^ oxene- 
forde o. \>at ^o] \>o he C. nywe] al newe e. 

9100. An] And B; One o; O y3; A €. bissopriche] Bischop j8 ; 
bysshopp 6. he made Jjo] he made J>an fi; Jjo he made 5. aw] o o ; 
00 )3 ; a e. bissop] Bischopriche )8 ; bysshopryche e. 

9101. as ... . er] where by fore was nonne J^ere e. as] J?at B. 7ias 
no7i] nas C ; non nas o5 ; none nas /8. neuer] neuere B. 

9102. icende he to] went oure kyng in to e. Sf al] and in j8 ; as in e. 
Ye nexte] nexe B. 

9103. loue] ioye B/3e ; ioie C ; ioi^e aS. )>is] \>e BCa/SSe. bileuede] 
dwelled e. \>er] stille J>ere )3 ; stylle j^ere e. 

9104. Su\>\>e .... wax] Sithen Jper come hei^e herte and woxe y3. 
kS«W'e \>oru] For Jjoru^ €. som'] some a. );>cr ivax] J^er was I woxe 
6. lute] litel y3. 

9107. bileuede] taryed )>ere e. soustene] meyntene e. 

9109. eir &^] ]>& a5 ; a )3e. eke] also an y3 ; also e. 

9110. was old mon'] was an old man C ; old was o5 ; okle was /Se. drou'] 
drowe sore e. feblesse] feblenesse ^5 ; feblenys e. 

9111. him dude] dude hini e, fe more'] more B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 651 

& akelde him wel ]>e more • so ]?at feble he was • 

So ]?at he wende an honte]? • aday to abbe solas • 

&> ]?o he com he willede • of an lampreye to ete • fol. 130 b. 

Ac is leches him vorbode • vor it was vnholsom comestio 

mete. 9115 ''™^- 

Ac he nolde it no it bileue • vor he louede it wel 

ynou • 
& et as in luj^er cas • vor ]>ulke lampreie him slou • 
Vor anonritt ]>er after • into an ague he drou • Morbus 

& deide vor J?is lampreie • j^oru is owe won • ^^^'^" 

He sede ofte mid de]? vuel • ar he were ded • 9120 [443] 
Alas alas of engelond • ne can ich nanne red • planctus 

. . . per angli 

Vor lif ichim bitake mi soster sone • steuene Ipe bleis • am. 

Vor he nis noli vizt eir • it ne wor]? neuere peys • 



9112. Sj-'] hit e. akelde'] akelede C ; elded ; eldid 7; aged e. 

9113. wende'] wente C ; went e. an ho7itc]p] on huntyng )3; an hunt- 
yug 6. aday] o day a^ ; 00 day 7 ; in a day e. 

9114. i)o] when fi ; \>o whan e. com] com hom CaS; come home ; 
home come e. willede] wilnede CaS ; wilned /3 ; willed 7 ; wylled e. 
an] o aS ; a ye. to] for to 7. 

9115. Ac] As C ; And e. vorbode] verbede B; for bed C; for- 
bede j3f. vor] om. aS, vnholsom] a feble B. 

9116. Ac] cm. afiSe. nolde .... bileue] wolde leue hit no)t e. 
nolde] wolde 0. bileue] leue /8. louede it wel] hit wel louede C. 
wel] om. a;85e. 

9117. &] He €. et] ete B ; eet C ; ete hit e. lui>er cas] a luj>er 
tyme e. \>ulke] Jjat e. 

9118. anonri-'yt \>er after] anone aftir ry^t 13 ; ry^t a noon after e. an 
ague] anguysse BC ; on ague a ; an Augewe 7. drou] felle 6. 

9119. ^] he C ; And so he e. deide] om. 0. vor] of e. owe] 
owen 7 ; owne e. ivou] hije wylle e. 

9120. ofte] om. a0e. mid] in hys B ; in his C/Se ; on his a5. viicl] 
yuel /3e. ar] or 76. 

9121. Alas alas] alas C. of] for j8e. 7ie] now j8. can] conB; 
kane a. na7ine] none B ; no aySSe. 

9122. Vor] om. a0Se. yif ichim bitake] 5 if ich hit take a; ^if ich take 
hit S ; If I hit take ; lif I take hit to e. ichim] i'= hym C. soster] 
susters e. steuene] stene 5. he] de B. bleis] bles o ; Bloys e. 

9123. he nis] he is 0e ; his 5. riyt] \>e ri^t e. it] he B ; om. S. it ne 
wor\> neuere peys] ne worh hit neuere pes a ; he schal it haue neuer in 
pess j3 ; he shal it neuere haue in pees 7, neij^er hit worJ>e neuer ; in 
pees f, 



652 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& ^if ichim bitake ]>o ri^t eir • hcniy mi dorter 

sonc • 
pat nLs nott tut )n'e ^er old • hit worj^ him sone 

bi nome • 9125 

& naj?eles al engelond • & steuene ]>e bleis al so • 
To |?e emperesse & ire sone • holde o]?es adde ido • 
pe verste day of decembre • king hem-i J'cn de]> 

nom • 
In ]>e sixe & J'rittiJ^e ^er • of is kinedom • 
& in enleue hondred ^er • & sixe & |jritti al so • 9130 
Of vr louerdes burtime • de]; com him ]?us to • 
Ac roberd courtehese • as god wolde let ]>&t lif • 
Aboute ]>re ter biuore • at prison at kerdif • 
& biuore \>e heye weued • in |?e abbeye • of gloucestere 

. ibured is • 
& willam }>e gode kni^t is sone • was also ded ywis • 



9124. ^-J om. aj35e. ^ if ichim hitake] yd ich hit take a ; jif ich take hit 
5 ; If I hit take j8 ; If I it take to -y ; jif I take hit to e. ichiiti] 
i"^ hym C. henry'] harry e. 

9125. \^at nisi Whiche is e. nis noyt )m/] nis nout a; ^it is nou)t j3. 
old'] old ^ut a. hit .... sone] sone hit wor]? (worJ>e e) him ae ; 
soone hit schal him fi. 

9126. steuene] stephne a. \>e] de Bye. hleis] Bloys e. 

9127. \>e] om. B. holde .... ido] I swoor i>ei were ]>o e. holde 
o\>es adde] adde holde o}>es B ; hadde olde o>es C ; olde oJjcs haue> j8, 
ido] do /3. 

9128. of] as of j8. )>en] ))ane o5 ; )>e jSe. 

9129. sixe] sexte y. ])ritti\>e] Kjtti C; >ritti &; thirty y; Hrtty e. 

9130. c?(7eMe] endleuene C; ^e enlefte a; \>e elleuen 0; jje eleuen e. 
i>ritti] \>Titt\i>e a ; ^rittej^e 5 ; Thirty y. al so] ]?er to By8. 

9131. burtime] buretyme C; burHime a; bur>e tyrae Pe. dei>] >at 
de> e. co7n him] hym com B. 

9132. courtehese] courtehose hys broker B; courtehuso his broker a; 
curthuse his broker /8e ; courtehese his broker 5. let] les B ; om. 5 ; 
he went out of e. • J?a<] Jse j8 ; om. e. 

9133. at'] in Baj8 ; in Jje e. at] of e. kerdif] kaerdif a; cardyf . 

9134. Sf] om. ai35e. het/e] om. 5. zveued] weuede C; Auter j8; 
Autre 7 ; awter e. ibured] buried yS ; I beryed e. is] he is 075. 

9135. &f\ om. a;8Se. Jse ^orfe kni-'yt is sone] Curthuse his good Sonne e. 
knit^t is] knyghtes 7. also ded] ded ek a5 ; dede also ^3 ; deed 
also e. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. C53 

&i aslawe bi^onde se • ar king henri ded were • 9136 

So |?at of J'ulke kunne • ])er nas |?o no fere • 

r^lTeuene j^e bleis ]?at god knitt • & stalwarde was [444] 

^ al so • 

po J7e king was ded is vncle • an oj^er he ]>oiiQ 
do • 
He vor^et al J^e stronge o)? • j^at he adde biuore • 9140 [445] 
To |?e emperesse & to henry . hire tonge sone isuore • 
Ac wende vorj? hasteliche • to late him crouny anon • 
pe heiemen of 'pe lond • helde wi|) him echon • 
BoJ?e bissopes & ojjere • }>at J>e o]> suore al so er • 
A seinte steuenes day anon • ])e croune verst he ber • 
& ]>e erchebissop of kanterbury • willam ]:»at ]>o was • 
Sacred him as was ri^t • wel sunuolliche alas • 9147 
Vor he was J'e verste • as ritt was & wone • 
pat holde oj^es to ]>e emperesse • suor &; to ire sone • 
peruore sone ]?erafter • wreche of god him com • 9150 
Vor in ]?e verste zer • is lif god binom • 

& ]>e bissop roger of salesbury • after him suor anon • ['i^Q] 
& preched vaste )?at folc • pen op to holde echon • 
& po was pe principal • pe sacringe vor to do • fol. I3i. 

•& vor ensample of horn- op>ere encentede J?er to • 9155 

9136, 9137, omitted in C. 

9136. aslawe'] slayn /8 ; I sleyue e. se] })e see ; )>e se e. hiny 
henri'] oure kyng Harry e. 

9137. kunne] kynde ^e. nas .... fere] was uo dowte no fere )3e. 
no] uon B. 

9140. vor-^et] verjet B. 

9141. >e] om. B. 

9142. wende] he wende B. 

9144. \>e o\>] Jjane o\> C. al so] om. C. 

9145. day] eue C. 

9146. kanterbury] cauntelbury C. 

9147. sacred] sacrede B. as was] as yt was B. sunuolliche] synuo- 
lyche B. 

9149. §•] om. C. 

9150. sone \>erafter] ))erafter sone BC. him] hem B ; to hym C. 

9151. in] wyJjynneJB ; w' ine C. 

9153. preched] prechede B. ]pen] J^ane C. 

9154. >e] he B ; he \>e C. 

9155. encentede] ensented C. 



654 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Ac ])e king sulf tef him sup'];e • is mede vor lie nom 

him vast[e] • 
& in prison him huld • wrecchedliche he deide atte 

laste . 
Bote ssortliche alle ]'0 • ]>at ]?en o]? • suore biuore • 
To ]>e emperesse • turnde jo to king steuene • & were 

vorsuore • 9159 

&; wonder it was }'at al ]>e lond • In a stounde anon • 
Turnde to him so verliche • & were vorsuore echon • 
King henryes brain & gottes • & eyen ibured were • 
At reins in normandie • & su)?)?e J?e bones hii bere • 
Wei iselt »fe isode • to ]>e abbeye of redinge • 
& bured is |?ere vaire inou • as vel to an kinge .9165 
■^ut biuore tuelfte day • king steuene as ]>e hende • 
Fram is crouninge of londone • aten is vncle gan wende • 
&5 pe erchebissop of kanterbury • & ];e hext of ]>e lond 

al so • 
& ]?e bones burede vaire inou • as riit was to do • 
po wende ])e king J^anene • to oxenford anon • 9170 
&; ]?e gode lawes ]?at he bihet • confermede echon • 
As ^if bissop o])ev abbod • in J?is lond ded were • 
[447] He grantede ]>at ]?oru king • no destorbance nere • 

pat me ne chose in ri^te fourme • an oj^er anon • 9174 
& J?at wanne he were vnderuonge • is londes alle echon^ 

9156. })e] om. B. sulf] hymsulf B. }<"/ • • • • is mede'] ^ef sub)>e 
hys mede B ; hym ^ef his mede C. 

9157. huld] hulde & C. wrecchedliche] & wrecehelyche B. 

9158. ]}cn] >ane C. SJiore] swor C. 

9159. ki7iy] Jpc kyng B; om. C. vorsuore] versuore B (& 9161). 
9100. al] alle B. \>e lo7ul] J>at lond C. 

9162. henrjjes] henry B. 

9163. reins] reynys B. hones] BC ; boned A. 

9164. iselt] yseld B ; isulte C. 

9165. bured] yburede B. vel] ful C. 

9166. tuelfte] tuelf B ; tuelte C. kiny] tk, kyng BC. 
9168. kmiterhury] canterbure B. hext'] heist C. 

9172. As] And B. abbod] abbed B. 

9173. hiny] J'e kyng C. 7io] nou BC. 

9174. chose] chese C. 

9175. he] om. B. alle] adde B ; hadde C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 655 

& o|;er monye lu|7er lawes • pat is eldore adde y wro^t • 
He bihet J'at he wolde abate • & naj^eles he ne dude 

noli • 
pe wule he was J»us at oxenford • tij^inge him com • 
pat dauit king of scotlond • mid treson nom • 
pe cite of karloil • & ]>e nywc castel al so • 9 ISO 

^e qua]? ]>e king ]yo • an oj^er we ssolle do • 
pat he a]? inome wi]? trayson • we ssolle wi]> mais- 

trie • 
Anon he wende |?udei'ward • wi]? vair compainie • 
po ]>e king of scotlond • it wnste • aten him he com • 
& grantede him al is ^ville • & |>e acord nom • 9185 
Ac is mon nolde he no^t bicome • vor he was biuore • 
As monye oj?ere in engelond • to ]>e emperesse isuore • 
So J'at )7e verste tuo ^er • god cas & hap inou • 
In ech alf com to king steuene • ac su|)|?e it wi)> drou • 
Vor in j^e j^ridde tere • ]?e king of scotlonde • 9190 

Worrede him bi norj^e • & orn vpon is londe • 
pe erl roberd of gloucestre • as mon wij^oute fere- fol. I3i b. 

pe stronge castel of bristowe • ]?at he let him sulf rere • 
Astorede wel inou • & al so pe slede • 
& huld hom bo]?e a^en pe king • to j^enche on kund- 

hede • 9195 



9176. eldoi-e] elderne BC. 

9177. biheQ behet B. 

9178. ti]>inge'] tytjnge B. 

9179. dauit'] dauid C. treson} traison C. 

9180. karloil] cardoil C. 

9181. ^e] Me ^e B. ssolle] ssolde B; schulle C. 

9182. iriome wi]>] ywonne niyd C. trayson] treson B. ssolle] ssolde B. 
wit>] myd C. 

9183. wii>] myd C. 

9184. po . . . . com] a^en hym j^e kyng of scotlond )^o he hit wuste he 
com C. 

9185. Jiim] om. B. 
918G. he] om. C. 

9188. god] gode B. 

9189. liing] \>e kyng B. su\>\>e it] hit suj^j^e C. 
9191. him] om. B. orn] jorn C. vpo7i] vp BC. 

919.5. ayen] aye BC kundhede] kunhede B ; vukunde dede C. 



G5G THE CHRONICLE OF 

[ 148] Vor ]>e emperesse was is soster • «fe he louede ire wel 

wel • 
&a ]>e castel of caryl held on willam louel • 
& ]>e castel of lodelowe • held sire paynel • 
& sire roberd of lincolne • held of waram ]>e castel • 
& )?e castel of donsterre • held sire willam de 

Moun . 9200 

pat ];e priorie as ich wene • rerde of brentoun • 
Eustas le fiz Ion held • ] e castel of Miltone • 
& ]>e castel of ssrofsburi • held willam aleines sone • 
Alle l^es were aten ]?e kinge • as veruor]? as hii 

cou]?e • 
So )?at he adde fon • bi nor]?e & bi sou]?e • 9205 

He bigan to be hiper inoii • vor verst holichirche • 
He bigan to worri • &; made him ]?e worse wurchc • 
Vor he wende to oxenford • & ]?o he ]?uder com • 
pe bissop of salesbury • & of lincolne he nom • 
pe bissop of Salsbmy • he ladde mid gret wo • 9210 
To ]fe castel of diuises • j^at ]>e bissopes was j^o • 
An rop me dude aboute is nekke • he suor honge he 

ssolde • 
Anon bote he j^e castel • anon vp him tolde • 
pe bissop him tok ]>e castel • ]>o o)jer bote nas • 
He nom ]?ere al is tresour • j^at wi]70ute noumbre 

was • 9215 



9196. j^e] om. B. he louede ire"] heo louede hym B ; he louede hym C. 
wel wel'] vol wel B ; fiil wel C. 

9197. caryl] cary A (originally) B ; cari C. held on willam] herd sire 
willam C. 

9200. held] om. B. 

9201. as] om. C. rerde] arerede C. brentoun] brutoun C. 

9202. fiy] fy & B. held] hulde C. Miltone] meltone BC. 

9203. ssrofsburi] ssresbury B ; schroAvesbury C. 

9204. were ayen] >e were aje C. veruor\>] ver)>uort) B. 

9205. §•] & eke C. 

9207. ^] J>at B ; & >at C. made] mad C. 
9211. diuises] dyuyses B ; >e vyse C ; dunses A. 

9213. i>e] Jiane C. vp him] hym vp B. 

9214. >e] bane C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 657 

& held him vov]> in prison ^ut • & ^eld him is god- [449] 

nesse • 9216 

pat he dude him & was vorsuore • a^en J>e emperesse • 
Aten wende }>e king to oxenford • & |?e bissop vette • 
Alisandre of lincolne • ]>at he in prison sette • 
& ladde him to ny we wore • to a uair castel &> god • 
pat ]>e bissop was • |?at vpe trente stod • 9221 

per he suor |7at pe bissop • neuere et,e ne ssolde • 
Ne drinks na]?emo • ar J»e castel him were i^olde • 
pe bissop was wo inou • vor he wuste wel ]?ei he wolde • 
^elde him vp ]?e castel • is men wi)?inne nolde • 9225 
He bed hom & criede on hom • ac al it was vor no^t • 
So ]?at ]nH bissop was • ney to grounde ibro^t • 
Mid honger ]?at me adde • reu]?e |)at him iknewe • 
He wep & cride on is men • )?at hii ssolde on him rewe • 
pat he nere to de]?e ipined • as hii seye wel he 

ssolde . 9230 fol. 132. 

So ]>at to saui is lif • ]>e castel vp hii ^olde • 
pe king nom })er inne • ]?e bissopes tresorie • 
& in J?is manere lo bigan • is worre mid robbeiye • 
pat laste here in engelond • boJ?e gret & strong • 
Wel an seuentene ^er • & J^at was al to long • 9235 
pe erchebissop of kanterburi • & oj'er bissopes al so • 
So sori were vor ]ns dede • |?at hii nuste wat do • 
At winchestre a parlement • hii hulde of }?is |;inge • 
So )?at wel pitosUche • hii wende alle to |>e kinge • 

9216. yeld] 5,ulde C. 

9217. vorsuore'] versuore B. ayen'] aje C. 

9220. ni/we wore] Jjc newe wore B ; \>e newe worke C. 

9221. bissop] byssopes B; bischopes C. \>at] & B. 
9224. was wo] was J^o wo C. 

9227. 7iei/] ne B. 

9228. iknewe] kiiewe B. 

9229. wep] wept C. 

9230. as hii] J^at hii B ; t>at he C. 
9235. an] a C. 

9237. do] to doB. 

9238. of] for C. 

9239. wel] alle C. alle] om. C. 

T T 



058 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& velle adoun to is vet • & pitosliche bede • 9240 

pat he ssolde vor godes loue • auiendi suche dede • 
[430] Ac al it was ]?o vor no^t • vor to worse euere he 

drou • 
pe bissopes ne coiipe o|;er red • bote were wo inou • 
pe bissop of salesbury • deide sone ]>o • 
Of wan we abbej> er ispeke • in pur meseise & 

wo . 9245 

[451] Vnder ]>Sit }?e emperesse • to engelonde com • 

To calangy after ire fader • bi riiie ]>& kinedom • 

In ])& castel of arundel • verst he gan abide • 

To loke wat were best to do • & to conseili in eche 

side • 
po king steuene it wuste • J'uder sone he com • 9250 
Mid poer gret inou . & ]7en castel nom • 
& J>is leuedy j^er inne • so |?at for franchise • 
He let ire go ware heo wolde • & ne dude nott as J?e 

wise • 
& heo wende to bristowe • & bileuede J'ere • 
In ire bro]?er castel strong inou • vor te betere cas 

were • 9255 

Sire rauf erl of chastre • adde ispoused iwis; 
pe erl Roberdes dorter of gloucestere • of wan we tolde 

ar ]?is • 



9240. velle'] fulle C. bede] hym bed C. 

9241. ssolde] om. C. vor ... . suche] for Jje loue of god amendede 
swich C. 

9245. wan we abbei>] -wham we habbe C. 

9247. calangy] caulengi C. bi riyte] myd ry)t C 

9248. he] heo B, 

9249. ivere best] best were C. 

9250. po] J7e B ; po i>e C. 

9251. \>e7i] J>ane C. 

9252. leuedy] lady B. 

9253. ware heo] whar he C. 

9254. heo] he C. 

9255. vor te betere cas] fort hit beter C. 

9257. pe] om. C. erl] om. B. Roberdes] Robertus B. wan] 

wham C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 659 

So J^at he huld mid pe emperesse • vor elles it were 

amis . 
& ladde ost gret ynou • aten |;e king & his . 
He wende «fo nom lincolne • & ]>e kinges men out 

caste • 92G0 

& sette ]7er Inne folc ynou • & wende aboute vaste • 
pe king po Jje sixte ^er • of is kinedom • [452] 

Mid is poer to lincolne • to midewinter com • 
Vor to nime 'pen toun • vpe hom J'at were ]^er 

Inne • 
&5 asayled hom vaste • mid streng];e & mid ginne • 
So j?at ]'e erl of chestre • & ];e erl Roberd al so • 926G 
Of gloucestre hom larkede • & moni god knitt ])er 

to . 
& wende toward lincolne • bataile vor to abide • fol. 132 b. 

So ]>&t hii ^arkede • hor ost in eij;er side • 
pe erles ordeined hor ost • )?o hii were isuore • 9270 
pe erl of chestre hii made • wardein of j^e ost biuore • 
Hii sette ];e deserites • In |;e middel ost ])0 • 
pat ]?e king adde binome hor lond • & ido so muche 

wo • 
pe erl roberd of gloucestfe • of 'pe p>ridde was ido • 
& lut J'er was of welssemen • pe ver]?e ost ];er to • 
lordeined wel inou • in a place biside • 9276 

pat litte were & hardi • muche folc to abide • 

9258. elks'] el B. 

9259. ayeti] aye BC. 

9262. i>e sixte] in his sixte C. 

9263. poer .... com] power gret y uou to lyncolne com C. 

9264. J)e?i] {jane C. 

9265. asayled] asalede B ; asailede C ho?n vaste] hym vaste B ; faste 
hym C. streng^ic] strenj>e C. 

9268. abide] bide C. 

9269. hor] bore C. 

9270. ordeiiied] hordeyne B ; ordeiuede C. 

9272. \>e deserites] deserytes B. 

9273. addc] om. C. ido] dude C. ido so muche too] so mucbe wo 
ydoB. 

9274. of \>e] in )>e BC. \>ridde] |?rydde ost C. 

9275. welssemen] walesch men C. \>er to] al soC. 

T T 2 



660 THE CHRONICLE OF 

po l^is compainie was p»us icli^t • )?e erl of chastre 

anon • 
Spec toward ]?e erl of gloucestere • & \>e kni^tes echon • 
Sire noble erl he sede • & le noble kni^tes al so • 9280 
Wi|> gode wille ich |^onke ton • as ich wel a^te do • 
pat le me so muche loue • ssewe)? • tfc kundhede • 
& sywe]? me in such peril • &; in dej'es drede • 
&, wanne ich am encheson • of such peril ywis • 
Verst icholle j^er inne do • mi sulue vor ri^t it is • 
[453] & verst asayli ]?en false king • & bringe him to 

^oke . 9286 

pat ]^e grete o\y ]?at he suor • so villiche a]> to broke • 
On mi sulue ich truste muche • & ]?e more vor is 

vnritt • 
My wei icholle make sone • as a stalwarde kni^t • 
Sywet me ]^at go biuore • & smite]? al so • 9290 

After me vor ich ise • al hou icholle do ■ 
Hou icholle percy ]>e ost • & kni^tes adoun caste • 
& bete wij? }?is suerd • ]>en false king vaste • 
pe erl roberd of gloucestere • spec ]>o J?us ywis • 
Sire tonge bacheler he sede • wel we wite]? ]>is • 9295 
pat ]?ou art strong & corageus ♦ & noit vnwur|?e al so • 
pe verste chiualerie • in |?e bataile to do • 
& na}>eles ]?ou ne mitte it esse no^t • bote vor j?inges 

tuo • 
0]7er uor nobleye of heye kunne • o]?er vor prowess'e 

ido • 



9278. i>is compainie was J>ms] J)is was al }jus C. chastre'] Chester B. 

9279. toward'] to C. Sf \>e'] & to l^e C. 
9281. ich )>07ike'\ ic Jjanky B. aj^e] aute B. 

9283. sucK] swich C. peril'] pereyl B (& in 9284). 

9285. icholle] ych wulle B ; i<^ wolle C. mi sulue] me sulf B. 

9286. verst] om. C. asayli] asayle B. )>en] >aue C. 

9287. villiche] falselyche C. to broke] ibroke C. 

9288. mi] me B. 

9289. My] Myne C. 

9290. Sywet:] Sy\vel> B ; SiweJ^ C. 
9293. \>is] t)e C. 

9298. esse] esche C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 661 

Zif ])0\\ seisfc it vor noble kimne • pou nart no;t wel 
vnderstonde • 9300 

Vor ich was ]>e kinges sone • jwu wost wel of )ns londe • 
Vor ]>i prowesse ne wor]? it nott • vor kni^tes her 

be]:* some • 
pat mid o]?er prowesse of kniites • nere neuere oner- 
come • 
Ac an ojjcr reson wel ver • meuej? more me ]?er to • 
pat ]>e king aien )?at o\> • ]mt he adde mi soster ydo • 
Mid vnriit halt ]7is kinedom • & destourbe]> J?at lond foi. 133. 
ywis . 9306 [454] 

&j of monie p>ousend monnes dej^e • encheson he is • 
He binim]? men hor riites • & hor kunde eritages al so • 
& deliuere]? it o]?er men • j^at no ri^t nabbe]? ]>er to • 
Ac o l^ing ich ^ou segge soj? • ]?at j^oru |?e luj^er weye 
ywis • 9310 

pat te come vnne]?e hider ]7oru • non hope ]?er ne is • 
Vor to fle he is so Iviper ■ as le alle iseye • 
panne ne be]; |7er bote tueye weyes • o]7er her ri^t deye • 
0]>er ouercome vr fon as we ssoUe • & bringe hom 

]?er doune • 
Make we Jeanne mid vr suerdes • vr wey to j^e toune • 
Vor min herte sei]? ]7us to so]?e • J^at we worj'e mais- 
ters here • 9316 

Vor as muche as we ne mowe • fle in none manere • 



9300. it] om. C. 7iobIe'] nobleye B. 

9302. it noyf] no)t yt B. 

9303. prowesse 0/ kniytesl kny^tes power B ; kny^tes prowesse C. 

9304. ail o\>er reson wel ver] a wel fair resun anoJ)er C. more me] me 
more BC. 

9305. a-^en] axe C. \>at] J>en B ; j?ane C. adde] haj? aje B. 

9307. monnes] mannus B. he] om. C. 

9308. biniin\>] bynymyj? B. riytes] ryjt C. hor] om. B. eritayes] 
erytage B ; eritage C. 

9309. no ri-^t 7iabbe}p] non rijt abbej^ B. 

9310. i>e] i>o B. 

9311. ?ie is] nys BC. 

9316. min] my B. ' haie] hercc A. *£'>] me sey> B; me sei> C. 
\yus] j?3's B ; om. C. wor\>e] worheJ> B, maistevs] aboue C, 

9317, ner\ om. B, 



662 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor vre prowesse we mote nede • ssewe to day ywis • 
Wanne me mote oj'er day • vor non o]?er wey j^er nis • 
Ac nime]? atte biginninge • among alle oJ?ere gome 
here • 9320 

Aien wat men ^e ssolle fi^te • & wuch is hor manere • 
Alein erl of brutaine • a^en ^ou iarmed is • 
Of falsnesse & of tricherie • in J'e world is per nis • 
pe erl of meles is al so • )?at fol is of lu|7erhede • 
Maister he is to bi traye • is word is al falshede • 9325 
[455] Tji word he is god inoii • & coward in dede • 

Slou to fitte & quic to fle • & ];at nis no manhede • 
pe erl hue com]; ek a^en low • j^at fals is &5 vorsuore • 
pat lu)?er trichour a]? ibe • su)7);e he was ybore • 
pe erl symond of hamtone • com a^en ^ou al so • 9330 
pat muche wole segge & bihote • & lute ]>ev to do • 
pe erl of amarle com]? ek • & j^e kinges kni^tes ]>ev to • 
. pat robbeors be}> & manquellers • & vorsuore al so • 
Nou ^e stalwarde kni^tes • ]?at ]?e king henry vp 
bro^te . 9334 

& honourede & ]>es king • vonde]? bringe to no^te • 
^oure herten hebbe]? vp • & ^oure stronge mi^te • 
Hopie]? al on god • & eke on ^oure ri^te • 

9318. we mote .... dai/'] schewe to dai nyde we mote C. 

9319. mote'] mote nede BC. day} deye B ; deie C. mo/j] om. BC. 

9320. Kme>] lokejj C. gome] game C. ^ - 

9321. Ayen wat] Aye whuche C. ye ssolle] ssolle ^e B. 

9322. ayen] a^e C. 

9323. falsnesse] falshede BC. ^] ne B. world] worl B. 

9327. no] non B. 

9328. ek ayen yoii] ajen 50U eke C. 

9330. symond] symon B. com] corn}? B ; come]? C. 

9331. luole] wul B ; wol C. lute] B ; lite C ; muche A. 

9332. amarle] armarle B ; aumarle C. kinges] kyngus B. 

9333. rohheors] robbars B. manquellers] menquellares B. vorsuore] 
versuore B. 

9334. stalwarde] stallewardes B. 

9335. vonde\>] fondelj )ou C. 

9336. Zoure] Our B. hebbe];>] habbe]? C. youre] in our B ; in 
^oure C. 

9337. Hopie]>] Opu}? B. al on] & eke in BC. eke] al so C. on] 
in BC. youre] our B. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 663 

& nime]? ]>e wreche of ^oure fon • ]7at vr louerd ^ou 

bed nou]?e • 
pat ^oure dede mowe be cou]? • bi nor]?e & bi soupe • 
pat it be onour to ^ou • & to ^oure eirs al so • 9340 
& ^if te abbe]? herte god • J^is noble dede to do • 
^oure ri^t honden holde]? vp • to god & loure jpott • 
& bihote|? him to be stable • & ]?at te ne fle]? nott • 
Hor honden hii helde vp alle ]>o • &5 bihete god to fol. 133 b. 

be. 

Try we & stable in bataile • & neuere vor to fle • 9345 

pe king steuene a^en p^is dede • to holi chirche droii • [-^56] 

& is masse hurde verst • mid deuocion inou • 

pe bjssop of lincolne • is masse song J70 • 

& at tyme as he wolde • to offringe go • 

& is taper bat he offrede • in be bissopes bond ^accio 
1 ^^^^ cerei. 

do . 9350 

Bodiinge as it were • ]>e taper berst a tuo • 

pe box ])&t heng ek oner ];e weued • Mid godes fless 

& is blod • 
pe streng brae & he vel adoun • such signe nas nott 

god • 
Me luggede wat it ssolde be • to tokni J>is cas • 
pat ]?e king ssolde be ouercome • & al so it was • 
pe king after masse wende • toward J^e batayle paracio 

sone . 9356 ^^^''" 

He ordeinede is folc & is ost • as he j^otte to done • 

9338. nime]>'\ nemelj C. youre'} oure C. 

9339. yozire dede mowe be'] oure prowesse be C. §•] & ek B ; & eke C. 

9340. paf] & hat C. youre] oure C. 

9341. abbe\> herte god'] habe]? goude wille C. 
9343. fle]>'] ssolde fle B ; schulle fle C. 

9350. is taper \>at he offrede} hadde his ofiFrynge taper C. do] ido C. 

9351. Bodiinge] Bodyng B. 

9352. i>at heng ek] ek J^at hong B ; J>at henge C. is] om. B. 

9353. brae] breke B ; brek C. he vel] ful C. such .... god] >at 
nas no syngne goud C. 

9354. wat] t>at C. " be to tohni] be tokny B. 

9356. masse] \>e masse C. ivendc] vende B. 

9357. is folc] folc C. he'] hym C. 



664 THE CHRONICLE OF 

concilium po IdgcI he on sire baldewine • ]?at folc ari^t rede • 
popuio. Yqj. Yie spec wel & couj^e al so • & he ]?es wordes 

sede • 
Louerdinges jze wute wel • j^at wo so wole do such 

ping . 9360 

pre l^inges he mot bi se • atte biginning • 
Verst l^e riite of is cause • & su]?]?e ]>e nombre al so • 
Of is men & su]?j7e ]?enche • hor prowesse ]?er to • 
Riit of men ]7at peril • of ];e soule me ne se • 
pe noumbre ]7at vor defaute • hor fon aboue ne be • 
Of prowesse me mot take gome • ]7at me binej^e ne 

go . 9366 

Vor pur meseise & vor hope • ];at |7er be]? mo • 
pes ]?re |?inges hep mid vs • vor j^e ritte al oure is • 
Wanne we abbe]? isuore' holde o]>es • to J'e king ywis • 
[457] Ritt is a^en is vorsuorene • ]?at we wi}» him gon • 9370 
Vr noumbre is ek of oure men • as muche as vor vr 

fon • 
pe prowesse of J>is noblemen • wo miite telle mid 

mou]?e • 
pat in armes iproued be]? • binor]?e & bisou}7e • 
pe prowesse verst of oure king • is as wi]70ute ende • 
Vor sette]? him one hardeliche • aten an hondred to 

wende • 9375 

&; wanne vr lige louerd • }?at yeled is • 
& ismered to ihesu crist • J?at such bodi non nis • 



9358. on'] one B. sire] om. C. 

9360. Louerdinges] lorlynges C. jye] ^e BC. wute] wyteB; wytej) 

C. wole do] wolde B. 
9364. >e] om. C. 

9366. mot take gmne] mote loke C. me] wei C. 

9367. 7neseise] fiebesse (sic) C. 

9369. holde] olde C. 

9370. is a^e?*] as a^eu C. vorsuorene] versuorye B. 

9371. vor] of BC. 

9373. Sf] & eke C. 

9374. verst] om. B. 

9375. hardeliche] baldelyche BC. 

9376. yeled] yheled B ; i^elde C, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 665 

Is here amidde us alle • to susteini is ri^te • 

Muche J^onc were it vs of god • mid him vorto 

fi^te • 
We trewe & in soj^nesse • aten hom J^at false be]? • 
Aien wat men le ssolle • vitte wel te se]? • 9381 

Of ]>e erl roberd of gloucestre • le ne dorre noj^ing fol. 134. 

drede • 
Mid word he j^retne)? muche • & kite de]? in dede • 
Is mou]7 is as a leon • is herte arn as an hare • 
Al so of ])e erl of chastre • ze ne dorre abbe no care • 
Fol hardi he is inou • ac al wij^oute rede • 9386 

Hastif wijioute porveance • oj^er wisdom in dede • 
VorJ) he wole as him J?inc]) • ac mid lute manhede • 
Is brayn & wit is so feble • ]7at J^er nis of him no 

drede • 
Vor wat he a]? Manliche • bigonne • he it a|? bi- 

leued • 9390 

Wommanliche as vor defaute • of wit in his heued • 
Of |?e welsse J^at mid him be]? • ne dorre te nott [458] 

drede • 
Vor fol hastif hii be]? ek inou • & al so wi]70ute rede • 
Lepe hii conne as naked men • no dunt bileue]? 

wi]?oute • 
We ssolle as so monye ssep • to driue al ]?e route • 

9378. susteini'\ susteyne C. 

9381. A^en'] Aye BC. sej>] j'sej? C. 

9382. roberd'l om. C. dorre^ durre C. iiol>iri(/'] abbe non B ; habbe 
noC. 

9383. \}retne]>'] l^renet C. rfe}>] clo)> C. 

9384. leon'] B; leom A ; lyon C. arn'] arew C. 

9385. of\>e'] j?e C. chastre'] chestre B. 7io] non B. 

9386. Fol] foul C. 

9388. Fo/-})] WorJ) B ; for C. wole] wol C. lute] litel C. 

9389, no] non B. 

9391. in] of B. 

9392. welsse] welsse men B ; walisch C. him] hom C. dorre] 
durre C. 

9393. fol] folc B ; foul C. 

9394. «o] non B ; bore C. bilcuc]^] bylef)) B. 

9395. monye] mauy C 



666 THE CHRONICLE OF 

OJ^er kniites J?at ]?er be]? • lute be]? wor]? ywis • 9396 
Vor euere ]?e mo ]?er be]? of horn • ]>& betere to vs it is • 
Nou te noble kni^tes • of wat ^e abbe]? ido • 
Of prowesse vnderstonde]? • & of ^oure elderne al 

so • 
Cu]?e]? to day toiire manhede • ]?at it mowe wende • 
To tou & to toure children • to honour wi]?outen 

ende . 9401 

pe wone & hus ]?at le abbe]? • euere ibe aboue • 
pat aite make ^ou abbe • to fi^te ]?e betere loue • 
& ]?at toure fon abbe]? • euere bine]?e ybe • 
pat ssal him bringe sone • in wille vor to fle • 9405 
Ichot inam no^t bigabbed • l?at it ne of ]?inc]? horn 

bi ]7is • 
Wei sore ]?at hii here com • vor hii bi]?enche]? hom 

iwis • 
Hou hii mitte best fle • ^if hii wuste in wuche 

side • 
Ac wanne hii nute ware fle • ne hii ne dorre abide • 
Wat mitte hii ]?anne more do • bote telde hom al 

stille . 9410 

& hor ors & hor armes be]? • & hom sulue at oure 

wille • 
panne te noblemen • anhansie]? toure ]?ott • 
& auonge]? nou]?e godes grace • J'at god tou a]? ibro^t • 



9396. lute'] lite C. 

9397. }>e] om. B. l>er be];> of hom'] imt \>ev be]> of B ; be}> of hom C. 

9401. honour wi]pouten] honoure w' oute C. 

9402. §• hus] & vse B ; om. C. ibe] to be BC. 

9403. pat ayte] aute C. make you] jou make B ; to make )0U C. 
abbe] to habbe C. f}te] fi)t C. betere] beter C. 

9405. him] hem B ; hom C. 

9406. Ichot] i" wot wel C. noy( bigabbed] bigabbed nout C. of 
\>inc]>] of J'enchejj B. 

9409. 7iute] vyte B; nyte C. 

9410. yelde] om. C. hom] ham C. 

9411. §•] om. C belp] be B ; bo^e C. at] to C. 

9412. jowrt'] oure C. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 667 

He ne mi^te of is reson • no^t come to ]?e laste • [459] 

pat hor fon toward horn • ne come prikie vaste • 9415 
pe er];e dunede vnder horn . vor stapes J^at harde 

were • 
pe hors neyde & lepte • j^at it was gret fere • 
pe bataile gon strong inoii • ];e deserites gonne chese • 
Ra)?er j^an to lese hor lond • hor lif ];ere to lese • 
Hii pulte hom vorj? biuore J?e o|?ere • as godemen & fol. 134 b, 

a^te . 9420 

Hii asailede ])e verste ost • & bro^te almest to natte • 
pat ]fe erl alein of bruteine • as chef was Inne ido • 
& hue ]>e erl of estangle • & ]>e erl of meles al so • 
& ]?e erl of wareine ek • alle l>es in a stounde • 
& hor folc deserites • broite iwis to grounde • 9425 
In |?re partie hii were to deld • vor J^er flowe some • 
& some iwonded & aslawe • & some were inome • 
pe secunde ost of ]>e kinges alf • J^at ]>e erl inne was • 
Of ammar & willam of ypre • ne likede no^t ]?is cas • 
To p'e welsse ost hii smite • & to grounde slowe 

vaste . 9430 

& hii velle here & ]>eve • & flowe atte laste • 
pe erl of chestre mid is ost • ]?o he sey |?is • 
pat is walssemen eode adoun • he smot vor); iwis • 



9414. be] om. B. 

9416. stupes'] stappes BC. 

9418. ffO)i'] bygan B ; was C. }>e] vor \>e B ; for }>e C. 

9419. lond] londe C. 

9420. o];>ere] o)>er C. §•] om. C. 

9421. Hii] & C. verste] furst C. bro^te] brojte yt B ; broute 
h^-m C. almest] sone BC. 

9423. hue \>e erl] hue erl B ; huwe erl C. 

9424. wareine] warenne BC. stounde] stonde C. 

9425. deserites] J^e deserytes B ; J>e deserites C. grounde] gronde C. 

9426. \>re] BC ; >e A. hii] om. C. to deld] idelyd C. \>er] hi C. 

9427. iwonded] ywounde B. some] sone B. 

9429. ammar] anmare C. 

9430. ivelsse] walisch C. smite] smyte vorst B ; smete furst C ; 
slowe] smyte B ; slow C. 

9431. hii] om. B. flowe] slowe C. 

9432. sey] isei C. 

9433. walssemen eode] welssemen eode B ; walysch men jede C. 



G68 THE CHRONICLE OF 

iSzi to drof hom al to noite • }?at hom adde onercome • 
Vor J7er slowe monion • & J^er flowe some • 9-135 

So ]?at )?e king steuene • bileuede al one jjere • 
Mid an vewe of is men • ]>Sbt wel stalwarde were • 
[460] To gadere hii turnde hor rugges • & foutte vaste 
aboute • 
& ne ];olede no^t J'at hor fon • percede hor route • 
pe o]7ere wende al aboute • vaste wipoute faile • 9440 
As it were aboute a castel • ]7at me wolde asaile • 
Duntes ]>er were strong inou • ]?at ])et fur out sprong • 
Of ]>e helmes al aboute • & some velde among • 
per me miite of o body • ise gret prowesse • 9444 

pe king ]7at so defended him as in such destresse • 
po |;e erl of chastre him isei • to him anon he drou • 
Mid al J^e power J7at was his • & asailed him inou • 
pere bigan a niwe bataile • al vpe ]>e king one • 
& he him sulf wi]? vewe mo • as wo sei]> aten echone • 
Tueye suerdes j^e king adde • ]?e beste of eni lond • 
pe on bi is side • ]?e oj^er in is hond • 9451 

Here to gronde men he slou • & here he woundede 

al so • 
Atte laste J'oru stronge duntes • is suerd berst a tuo • 



9434. no^te'] nout C. 

9435. J>er] hii B ; hi C. )>er] hi C. 

9436. So"] po B. he] orn. C. bileuede'] byleue B. 

9437. Ml vewe] a fewe C. 

9439. ]>olede'] Jjoled C. hor route] ];>e route B. 

9440. faile] fail C. 

9441. asaile] a sail C. 

9442. i>et] i>e B. 

9443. velde] velle B ; fulle C. 

9444. me] \>o C. o] one B. 

9445. such] swich C. 

9446. chastre] chestre BC. isei] yse B. 

9447. asailed] asailede C. 
0448. vpe] vp C. 

9449. wi\>] myd C. 

9452. here he'] her C. 

9453. Atte .... duntes] f^orii stronge duntes atte lagte C, berst] 
baret (/, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. G69 

He drou out is oper sone • as stalwarde kni^t inou • 

Moni was ]7e gode body • j^at he ]:'erwi)^ slou • 9455 

Atte laste it barst a tuo • as it nede moste y wis • 

Sire willam de keines • Jjo he sey ]?is • 

He sturte to & hente him • bi pe suere anon • foi. 135. 

Loude he gan to grede • come]? uorp* echon • 

Vor l^e king ichabbe anhonde • ich im hokle vaste • 

pe folc com ]nkce abouten him • & nom him atte 

laste . 94G1 

& sire baldewine al so • p'at is conseiler was pere • [4G1] 

& sire richard le fiz ourz • ];at gode knittes were • 
& alle pe o]?ere afterward • hii slowe oj^er nome • 
In to lincohie mid pe king • atte laste hii come • 9465 
po l^is bataile was ido • & hii were al out of howe • 
Hii sende pe king • mid gode warde • to pe tour of 

bristowe • 
pere as pe emperesse was • |;at was is meste fo • 
pere hii wuste him uaste inou • &; somdel in wo • 
pe emperesse huld ire J^o • bo]?e king & quene • 9470 
& wende aboute in |;e lond • &5 ire poer made 

isene • 
Of pe bissop of winchestre • & oj^ei- bissopes al so • 
As prince heo was vnderuonge • & of pe londreis 

]>er to • 

9454. He .... so7ie^ his ojjer sone he drou out C. stalwarde'] 
noble C. 

9455. >e] Ht BC. 

9456. barsQ berst B. 

9457. sey] isei C. 

9458. <o] om. C. suere"] suerde B. 

9461. pe folc] pat folc B ; hi C. >«Ace] om. B ; J^o t>ycke y nou C. 

aboute?!] about B. worn] nome B. 

9463. fiz ourz] fytours B ; fis ours C. 

9464. })e o\>ere] ojjer B. 

9465. laste] om. C. 

9466. were] om. C. 

9467. Hii] he C. 

9470. huld] hulde hulde (sic) C. 

9471. in] )>oru B. ire poer made] made hure power C. 
9473. Ico] he C (& passim). 



G70 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& SO );oru out al engelond • bote of ]>e contreye of 

kent • 
Vor sire willam of ypre • was J^uderward iwent • 9475 
& ]?e quene al so ]>e kinges wif • & oJ?ere of ];ulke 

side • 
& ]?ulke contreye hulde vaste • betere vor to abide • 
po J»e emperesse was • in such poer ibro^t • 
So luj^er & prout heo was • J'at me ne mitte it |;olie 

no^t • 
Heyemen heo let nime vaste • & in strong prison 

do . 9480 

pe londreis heo dude ssame inou • & monie oj^ere 

J^er to • 
pe king in strong yre • heo het sette vaste • 
So ]?at heo wende mid poer • to winchestre atte laste • 
& king dauid of scotlond • ]?at was ire moder broj^er • 
& roberd erl of gioucestere • & al so moni an o]7er • 
L462] & i^e bissopes castel bisegede • ]?at wende be al hor 

owe . 9486 

Wanne wimmen al maistres bej> • hii hep vuel to 

knowe • 
po Jje godemen of pe lond • hire luj^erhede iseye • 
Hii gonne turne at en hire • bo]?e lowe & heye • 
After sire willam of ypre • & pe quene poer al so • 
pe bissop sende ]?at hii come • socour him to do • 



9474. >e] om, C. 

9475. was \>uderward'] jjuder was C. iweiitl ywend B. 

9476. hinges'] kyng B. 

9477. hilde'] hul B. 

9480. Heyemeii] here men C. nime] neine C. 

9481. )>cr to] also BC. 

9482. het] let BC. 

9484. §-] om. B. 

9485. roberd erl] erl roberd C. 7no7ii] many C. 

9486. hor] om. C. 

9487. wimmen .... hii he]>] wommen be|> al maistres bej? C. hii be\> 
vuel] viiele hii bej) B. 

9489. ayn] a^e C. 

9490. K'] om. C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 671 

Hii come j^o mid gode wille • & heyeraen monion • 
& J>e londreis mid hor poer • & hor ost greij^ede 

echon • 
& smite ]7ere an bataile • & monie bro^te to de]?e • 
pe emperesse bigan to fle • & of scaped vnne]?e • 9495 
Monye of hire godemen • fleinde inome were • ^"'- ^^^ ^• 

& ]?e erl roberd of gloucestre • was ek inome ]?ere • 
Vor ire luj^erhede ]7e emperesse • al binej^e ]>o was • 
Heo mitte wanne heo come hom • segge si haut si bas • 
Of ]>e kinges croimement • as in ]>e sixte ^ere • 9500 
Bo];e as ich abbe itokl • }ns bataile ido were • 
pe erl deliuerede ]>o ]?e king • »& }e king him bi god o])e • 
Bi such vorewarde imad • |?at hii were deliuered bo]?e • 
po king steuene was deliuered • he fondede is prowesse • 
^if he mitte eni time • hente ]>e emperesse • 9505 

At oxenford ]?e emperesse • was ]>o in pe castel • 
pe kinges poer & is ost • ^arkede ]?o vol wel • 
& wende vor]? to oxenford • aboute mielmesse • [463] 

& vorte midewinter ney • biseged ]?e emperesse • 
So gret vorst ]>ev com in auent • )?at men mi^te of 

agrise • 9510 

pat me mitte bo]?e ride & go • In temese vpe pe yse • 

9492. 7iiid] w' C. 

9494. smite'] smete C. monie'] inauye BC. 

9495. of scaped] ofscapedeB. 

9496. Monye] Manye B ; Many C. fleinde] fleonde C. 

9497. \>e] om. BC. 

9499. come hom] hom com B ; com hom C. hmit] haust B. bas] 

base B. 

9501. as] om. C. Hold] itolde C. )>is bataile] })ys batayles B ; 
Jjes batailles C. 

9502. deliuerede] delyuered BC. ^ \>e king .... o>e] & he hym myd 
goude ojje C. 

9503. Bi'] myd C. smc//] swich C. vorewarde] forwai'd C. 

9504. king stexiene was deliuered] }>e kyng delyuered was C. 

9506. oxenford] oxenforde BC. 

9507. kinges] kyng hys B. Jjo vol] )>o wol B ; hom fill C. 

9508. mielmesse] myhelmasse BC. 

9509. vorte] vorto B ; fort C. biseged] bisegede C. 

9510. aue7it] aduent B. of] om. BC. 

9511. boW] om. C. vpe] vp 0. l^e] om. B. 



672 THE CHKONICLE OF 

& gret snou |?er was al so • ]?eruore an quointyse • 

pe emperesse bijwtte • & dude as ]>e wise • 

Wite cloJ»es heo dude hire on • as wo sei)? ilieh ]>e 

snowe • 
pat me ne ssolde hire uor J-e liknesse • ise ne iknowe • 
& vpe ]:'e ise of temese • wende vor]^ • & so out of 

oxenford • 9516 

Al souj^ward in to |^e med • & so to walingford • 
In ])e seuej'e ter of is kinedom • ]>e king pe castel 

nom • 
Ac ]>e emperesse ne fond he no2t • ]?o he In com • 
Muche robberie me dude • aboute in euerich toun • 
& bounde men •& enprisonede • vor te hii finede 

raunson . 9521 

Hii ne sparede nammore clerkes • j?an lewed men 

iwis • 
So ))at ]>e bissopes • vorto amendi J?is • 
In J»e eittetejie ^ere • of ]>e kinges kinedom • 
At londone hii hulde a parlement • |;at monion to 

com • 9525 

[464] & J^e king him sulf was ]>erate • hii amansede ]>o • 
AUe j^ulke j^at clerkes • such despit dude & wo • 



9512. Omitted in B. was al so^ was J^o C. quoyntise'] queyntise C. 

9513. bii>oyte'] bi boute hure C. 

9514. ilich} iliche C. snowe'] snawe C. 

9515. pat .... iknowe] pat for >e liknesse me scholde hure nout 
yknowe C hire uor \>e liknesse ise] vor J>e lyknesse yse hyre B. 
iknowe] knowe B. 

9516. we7ide vur]>] he weude C. otit of] to B. 

9517. Al] 8c al C. med] mede C. walinyford] -walyngforde C. 

9518. seue)t>e] seueue B. kinedom] kyngdom C. 

9519. In'] J^er inne C. 

9521. &,• bounde .... raunson] & a prisonede men for hi ^eue here 
raunsun C. 

9522. lewed men] lewede C. 

9523. bissopes] bischopes wende C. 

9524 eiytete]>e] ey^tej>e B ; eitej'e C. kinedom] kyngdom C. 
9525. hulde] hadde C. \>at] Jjiider C. monion] many man BC. 

to] om. C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. G7o 

pat no mon bote ]>e pope one • horn asoyli ne miite • 

So |7at me huld clerkes • ];er after bet to rizte • [455] 

& king stefne is luj^ernesse • wi]; drou an teres 

vewe . 9530 

Ac ar vif ^er ]?er after • he bicom eft a ssrewe • 
Vor he wende aboute & robbede • & }jat lond to 

grounde broit • 
& |?e toim of wircestre • brende al to notte . 
In endleue hondred ^er of grace • & vifti ler al so • 
Wircestere was ]nis ibarnd • and oj^er harm ido • 9535 fol. 136. 
Roberd erl of gloucestere • of wan we speke er • 
An alle halwe eue deide • j?ulke sulue ter • 
& in J?e priorie of seint iame • at bristowe ibured 

was • 
King stefne was ])e boldore • & ]>e prottore uor ]?is 

cas . 
Ac god sende an oj^er cas • vor in ]?e nexte lev 

anon • 9540 

In endleue hondred ^er of grace • and vifti and 

on • 
Deide geffre plantaginet • erl of aungeo • 
Henri is sone and is eyr • erl was imad ]>o • 
Of aungeo & due of normandie • ]>o was it muche 

is munde • 
To come & winne engelond • uor he was next of 

kunde • 9545 



9529. huld'] hulde C. 

9530. steftiel steuene C. feres'] jer C. 

9531. \>er after'} after C. he bicom'] he bicom he bicom A. 

9532. broyt] broute C. 

9533. wircestre] wynchostre C. 

9535. 'Wircestere] Wyncestre C. 

9536. wan] wham C. speke] spek C. 

9538. iame] lames C. 

9539. stefne] steuene C. boldore] boldour C. prottore] prottour C. 

9542. geffre] geffi-ay C. 

9543. Henri] & henri C. was imad] ymad was C. 

9544. §•] C; an A. is] in his C. 

U U 



G74 THE CHRONICLE OF 

And to helpe is moder ]?at was her • ofte in feble 

chaimce • 
And he was aquointe muche • to ])e quene of fraunce • 
[46G] And somdel to muche • as me wende • so ]?at in som 

pe quene louede as me wende • more him ]?an )?e king • 
So ))at it was uor]; ipult • |?at ]>e king and heo • 9550 
So sibbe were ]7at hii ne mitte • leng to gadere beo • 
pe kunrede iproued was • so ]?at king lowis ]>ere • 
& ehanore is quene • vor kunrede departed were • 
Some were ]>o glade inou • as it was isene • 
Vor henri ]>e emperesse sone • spousede ])o ]>e quene • 
pe quene richesse inou • hadde vnder ire hond • 95 5 G 
War ]?oru J^is henri mi^te • J>e bet winne engelond • 
Endleue hondred ler . and fifti Sz tuo • 
After J?at god an er}7e com • ]7is spousinge was ido • 
pe nexte ter J^er after • henry is poer nom • 95 CO 

& mid sixe & J^ritti ssipes • to engelonde com • 
Biuore seint hillaries day • and wi]? ioye inou • 
Aten him |?e erl of wareine • wi]? gret power drou • 
[467] And in ];e castel of wareine • wi]? gret ioye him nom . 
Muche hey folk of J^e lond • sone to him com • 9505 
As to hor kunde louerd • so ]?at king steuene • 
Vor lute poer & feblesse • huld him al an euene • 

9546. chau?ice'] chaunche C. 

9547. aquointe'] aqueynte C. 

9551. /en^] lenge C. beo] be C. 

9552. lowis] loweis C. 
9555. spousede] spoused C. 

9557. War] Whaic C. 

9558. Sf tuo] & to C. 

9559. spo7isinge] spousyng C. 

9560. ]>er after] after C. 

9561. engelonde] engelond C. 

9562. hillaries day] hilary dai C. 

9564. in \>e] in his C. ivareine] warenne C. 

9565. hey] heie C. 

9566. louerd] lord C. king] J^e kyng C. 

9567. lute] litcl C. feblesse] fellesseA; fleblesse (sic) C. huld] 
hulde C. an] om. C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. G75 

Hii nadde iworred bote a lute • J>at hii acordod 

were • 
At winchestre & king steuene • in )?e nexte ^ere • 
per after deide sone • Endleue hondred ler it was • 
Of grace & foure & fifti • ]?at among liom vcl |^is 

cas • 9571 

Ac ]>e croune ne leiiede he nott • ];o hii acorded Avere • f"'- ^^^ ^'• 
Bote ]?at henry j?e croune • after is daie bere • 
Vor ]fe acord was so imad • & henri ];e lasse strengj>e • 
Made uor J'at he isei • is lif of lute leng]>e • 9o75 

Nintene ler king steuene • of |?is londe was king • 
And ]?is was al j^ulke time • in worre & striuing^ 
rfllEnri j^e emperesse sone- ];o king stefne ded lay* 
At westmunstre let him crouny king • ]>e nexte 

soneday • 
Biuore midewinter day • wi]; nobleye ynou • 9580 
& ]>e heyemen of j^is lond • vaste aboute him drou • 
po wende he mid gret poer • aboute here & )?ere • [-ics] 

& nom castles & tounes • }7at his mid ritte were • 
Castles ]7at were nywe ymad • he brotte alle to 

grounde • 
& out of londe drof is fon • wan he eny founde • 9585 
& nameliche hom of flaundres • vor hii were mest is 

fon • 
Henri is eldoste sone • ibore was ]?o anon • 



9568. a lute i>at'] lite ar C. 

9571. foure ^- fifti'] foure tifti C. vel] ful C. 

9572. leuede'] hi leuyd C. 

9574. s^re?///K'] strenj>e C. 

9575. )pat'] om. C. 

9576. king'] om. C. londe] lend C. 

9577. J>«] J^is loud C. striu'my] in stryuyng C. 

9578. king stefne] J>c kyng steuene C. 

9579. westmunstre] wcstmystre C. let him] hym let C. /""y] 
om. C. 

9582. here Sf \>ere] her & Jjer C. 

9583. nom] nome C. tounes] touno C. riyte] r^'it C. 

9585. londe drof] loudon he drof C. 

9586. mest] most C. 

UU 2 



67G THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe laste day of feuerer • ac endleue hundred ^er • 

& fiue & fifti vr louerd • an er]>e ali^te her • 

At londone he was ibore • ac an eldore bro}>er )?er 

was . 9590 

Willam J?at deide sone • as god ^ef ]?at cas • 
Mold was after henry • & su]^}>e ]>e gode kni^t • 
King richard J?at ibore was • in septembre ri^t • 
Geffray ]>o & s\i]>]>e Ion • & elianore last • 
pat to ]>e king de chastles • was suJ^J^e ispoused 

vast . 9595 

& to l^'e king of sesonie • mold ispoused was • 
pis was lo a uair tour • ac newe hadde god cas • 
pe king let henri is sone • as god tef ]>e cheaunce • 
Lowis dotter spousi • J?at was king of fraunce • 
Kine- henri wondede muche • to abbe men in ofRs • 
Mid him J?at of conseil • were god & wis • 9601 

Ercedekne of kanterbury • sein tomas ]>o was • 
pe king him made is chaunceler • at is wille it nout 

nas • 
To him )?e king truste mest • ne |7er nas non so hey • 
pat so muche wuste is priuite • ne }?at him were so 

ney • 9605 

[469] So muche he truste on him • f'at in is warde he let 

do. 
Henri is eldoste sone • & is eir al so • 



9589. vr louerd} )jat oure lord C. 

9590. bro)>er'] sone C. 

9593. Kingl om. C. 

9594. lasf] laste C. 

9595. vast] faste C. 

9596. sesonie] sesoyne C. 

9597. tour] tern C. god] goude C. 

9599. Lowis dorter spoiisi] spousi J>e kynges douter lowis C. 

9600. wondede] fondede C. 

9602. sei7i tomas] seyut thomas C (& passim). 

9603. it nout] nout hit C. 

9604. truste] tryste C. 

9605. wuste] om. C. so] com so C. 
9607. eldoste] eldeste C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 677 



• Tienricus • foi. 137. 



pat he were his wardein • & al is ordeinour • 

To is wille to wissi him • & to j?e kinges honour • 

pe king wende to normandie • to soiorni ]7ere • 9610 

& mid sein tomas dude is sone ]7at he is wardein were • 

po tebaud \q erchebissop • su]?]7e ded was • 

pe king & monekes ek • chose seint tomas • 

po he .was erchebissop • he huld tut in is hond • 

pat chikl uort |7at ]?e king • come in to engelond • 

pe child louede him inou • more nas neuere iseye • 

Ne he nadde of no man • more loue ne eye • 9617 

po ]7e king to londe com • sein tomas nom is sone • 

& vel vawe aten him • wende to sou|?hamtone • 

per was ioye & blisse inou • |70 hii to gadere come • 

Hii custe hom & bi clupte • & herede god ilome • 9621 

It was enleue hundred ter • & sixti & tuo • 

Of grace j^at sein tomas • was erchebissop ];o • 

pe nexte ler ]?er after • as it wolde be • 

Endleue hundred ;;er of grace • & sixti & J>re • 9625 

He halwede as j;e king him bed • \e churche of 

redinge • 
pat verst ifounded was • ]7oru henri \e o}>er kinge • 
He ssrinede ]7ulke suUie ter • seint edward iwis • 
pat was king of engelond • at westmunstre ]?at is • 
pe king tef )7ulke sukie ler • henri is sone aungeo • 
Tours & al normandie • & richard is sone al so • 9631 



9611. dude'] bi leuede C. 

9613. monekes ek chose'] \pQ monakes chese C. 

9615. come in to] com to C. 

9616. pe] pat C. 

9617. nadde] hadde C. ne] no C. 

9618. to londe] s\i\>\>e hyder C. 

9619. vel vawe] wel fair C. wende] wente C. 

9621. bi clupte] bi clupete C. herede] here C. 

9622. enleue] endleue C. tuo] to C. 

9623. Of grace] om. C. was] was ymade C. Vo] so C. 
9625. of grace] om. C. 

9631. Tours &c al normandie] & tours & normandye C, 



678 THE CHRONICLE OF 

He tef gascoine • & aquitaine • so ]?at hii dude homage • 
King lowis of france • J^eruore wi|?oiite outrage • 
[■I'o] Geftray is sone he made erl • of brutaine al so • 

pe wule is children ^onge were • al |ns was ido • 9G35 
Noman ne mi^te jwnche • ]>o loue ]?at ]>eY was • 
Bituene ];e king henri • & pe gode man sein tomas » 
pe deuel adde enuie ]?er to • & sed bituene horn 

seu • 
Alas alas |;ulke stounde • vor al to wel it greu • 
Vor ]?er adde er ibe • kinges of luber dede • 9G40 

As willam bastard & is sone • willam ];e rede • 
pat lu|)er lawes made ynou • & helde in to al ]?e 

lond • 
pe king nolde noutt bileue • ]'e lawes ]>at he fond • 

fol. 137 b. Thomas • 

Ne ];at is elderne hulde • ne ]?e godeman sein tomas • 
pouite ]>at \mg a^e ri^te • neuere lawe nas • 9645 

Ne sojmesse ac costume • mid streng]7e vp iholde • 
& he wuste Jmt vr louerd • in \q gospel tolde • 
pat he him sulf was sojmesse • & costume nout • 
peruore luj^er costumes • he nolde graunti nou^t • 
Ne |?e king nolde bileue • |?at is elderne adde iholde • 
So ]?at contek sprong • bituene hom mani volde • 9651 
pe king drou to ri^te lawe • mani luper costome • 
Sein tomas hom wi]?sede • & grantede some • 
pe lawes ]?at ichoUe nou telle • he grauntede vawe • 
^uf a ]?uman ha]? a sone • to clergie idrawe • 9655 



9638. serf] his sed C. 

9639. vor\ om. C. 

9640. er ibe] ibe er C. 
9642. helde] hulde C. 
9644. ne )>e] ac }>e C. 

9647. ivuste] wj'ste C. gospel] godspel C. 

9648. sulf] sulue C. 
96.51. contek] contak C. 

96.55. Xuf a )>uman haY] ^ef a J>eu man hauejj C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. G79 

He ne ssal wi|joute is louerdes [wille] • icrouned nou^t 

be. 
Vor )?uman ne may nou^t • be imad • a^en is louerdes 

wille fre • 
Ano]?er j^ing he graimtede ek • as ye mowe nou ise • [471] 
^uf a man of holichirche • halt eni lay fe • 
Person o]>ev wat he be • he ssal do J^eruore • 9660 

Kinges seruise ]?at ]?ev val]? • ]>at is ri^te ne be 

uorlore • 
In playdinge & in asise be • & in lugement also • 
Bote war man ssal be bilemed • o]>ev to de]?e ido • 
He grantede ek tuf eni man • |^e kinges tray tour were • 
& eni man of is chateus • to holi churche here • 9665 
pat holi churche ne ssolde nou^t • ]fe chateus f'ere 

lette • 
pat )?e king J^ere o]?er is • as is owene is ne vette • 
Vor al J»at ]>e felon ha]? • ]>& kinges it is • 
& ech man mai in holi churche • is owene take ywis • 
He grantede ek ]?at a churche • of J^e kinges fe • 9670 
In none stede ene & euere • ne ssolde i^iue be • 
As to hous of religion • wi]70ute |?e kinges leue • 
& ];at he oj^er ]?e patron • j^e ^ifte verst ^eue • 
Seint tomas grantede wel • J>es & o]?er mo • 
Ac ]?is o]7ere he wif'sede • ]7at dude him wel wo • 9675 
tuf bituene tueie lewedemen • were eni striuing • 
0]>ev bituene a lewede & a clerc • vor holichurche 

ymg . 



9656. louerdes wille'] lordes lyue C ; louerdes A. 

9657. \>uvian'] Jjcu man C. 

9658. noil] nouj^e C. 

9659. ^m/] ^if C. 
9664. ek yif] eke )if C. 

9667. \>ere'] om. C (erased). is wc] hit ne C. 
9670. grantede ek'] graunted eke C. 

9673. )>e yifte versl] furst \>e jeft C. 

9674. wel] fawe C. 

9675. \)is] ]>es C. ivel] muchel C. 

9676. ^w/] ^if C. 

9677. clerc] clerke C. 



680 THE CHRONICLE OF 

As vor voweson of churclie • wejjer ssolde ]>e churche 

tiue • 
pe king wolde ['at in is court • ]>e pie ssolde be 

driue • 

foi. 138. . Thomas • 

Vor as muche as a lewed man • )7at J?e o partie 

was . 9680 

Clanliche was vnder ]>e king • & vnder no bissop 

nas • 
C'*'^^] An o]7er was J?at no bissop • ne clerc naj^emo • 

Ne ssolde wij^oute kinges leue • out of J?is lond go • 

& l^anne hii ssolde suerie • vpe J>e bok ywis • 

pat hii ne ssolde purchasy non uvel • j^e king ne non 

of his . 9685 

pe J^ridde was luf eni man • in mansinge were ibrou^t • 
& suy\>e come to amendement • ne ate rizte nere 

nott ■ 
pat he ne suore nouit upe \e boc • ac borewes finde 

ssolde- 
To stonde to ]?at holichirche • J^er of him loky wolde • 
pe verj^e was ]?at no man • J^at of ])q kinge hulde 

ou^t • 9690 

In chef o];er in eni seruise • in mansinge nere ibrott • 
Bote ]>e wardeins of holichirche • ]?at bro^te him ]7er 

to. 
pe king sede o]>er is baihfs • wat he adde misdo • 



9678. voweson'] foweson C. yhie'] ^eue C. 

9679. pie] plai C. driue] a dryue C. 

9680. a lewed 77um] leudeman C. 

9682. ne clerc] ne no clerke C. 

9683. J>?s lond] engelond C. 

9684. suerie] swerye hore o]> C. 

9685. >c k{7iy] to ^e kyng C. 

9687. come] com C. we aye] & a^e C. 

9689. i>at] al J^at C. \>er of] myd ry^t C. 

9690. kinge] kynde C. 

9651. eni seruise] seruyse eny C. nere] were C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. G81 

& lokede verst wer hii wolde • to amendement it 

bringe • 
& bote hii wolde bi hor leue • do ]?e mansinge • 9695 
pe vifte was Jjat bissopriches • & abbeies al so • 
pat vacauns were of prelas • in J^e kinges bond were 

ido • 
& |?at ]>e king ssolde al ]>e lond • as is owe take • 
Vort atte laste ]>a,t him luste • eni prelat j^er make • 
& ];anne ];ulke prelat ssolde • in is chapele ichose 

be . 9700 

Of is clerkes wuche he wolde • to such prelat bi se • 
& Jeanne wan he were ichose • in is chapele riit [473] 

]7ere • 
Homage he ssolde him do • ar he confermed were • 
pe sixte was tuf eni play • to chapitle were idrawe • 
& eni man made is apel • ^uf me dude him vnlawe • 
pat to Ipe bissop fram ercedekne • is apel ssolde make • 
& fram bissop to erchebissop • & suj^j^e non herre 

take • 9707 

& bote ])& erchebissopes court • to ritte him wolde 

bringe • 
pat he ssolde fram him • bi clupe biuore |7e kinge • 
& fram ]>q king non herre mo • so J'at atten ende -9710 
Plaininge of holi churche • to ]>e king ssolde wende • 
& J?e king amendi ssolde • j^e erchebissopes dede • 
& be as in ]>e popes stude • ac sein tomas it wif'sede • 



9695. do t>e] do >anne J^e C. 

9697. prelas'\ prelates C. 

9698. i>at W >at C. al }>e] al ^at C. 
9702. wan'] whanne C. 

9704. play] playnt C. 

9705. 5m/] Kf C. 

9706. ercedekne] )>Q. erchedekene C. 

9707. Sf] om. C. to] to he C. herre] heyer C. 

9708. ri-yte] ry^t C. 

9709. fram .... Iihuje] fram Jpulke court be i clupyd to \>q kynge C. 

9710. herre'] heier C. atten] atte C. 

9711. Plaininge of] Plaidyng fram C. 
9713. stude] stede C. 



682 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe seuej^e was j^at plaidinge • ]?at of dette were • 

To telde wel )?oru treu];e ipli^t • & nou^t iholde 

nere • 9715 

fol. 138 b. Al ]}ei J?orii treu]?e it were • \>a,t pie ssolde be ibro^t • 
Biiiore ye king & is bailifs • & to holi churche 

no^t • 
pe eitte]?e was j^at in ]>e londe • citacion non nere • 
poru buUe of ]?e pope of rome • ac clene bileued 

were • 
pe ni}>e was ]?at peires panes • J^at me gadere]^ ma- 

nion . 9720 

pe pope nere noii^t on isend • ac j^e king echon • 
pe tepe was ^uf eni clerc • as felon were itake • 
& vor felon iproued • & ne mi^te it no^t uorsake • 
pat me ssolde him uerst desordeini • & su})|?e ])Oyii pur 

lawe • 
& ];oru lugement of ]>e lond • honge him o] er to 

drawe • 9725 

[474] Vor ])es & vor o]?er mo • ]?e godemon seint tomas • 

Fleu verst out of engelond • & su]?)7e ymartred was • 
Vor he sei j?er nas bote o wey • o]7er he moste stif 

be. 
0)?er holi churche was issent • l^at mid ri^te was so 

fre • 
Endleue hundred ^er of grace • & foure & sixti ]?erto • 
It was ]?at sein tomas • of londe wende so • 9731 



9715. SfTiouyf] & what C. 

9718. eiyte)>e] eitej>e C. citacion'] cytacyons C. 

9719. of rome'] om. C. clene] clauliche C. 

9720. peires panes] petres pans C. 

9721. nere .... nc] nere non isente ac to C. 

9723. iproued] y preuyd C. 

9724. uerst] om. C. pur] his C. 

9725. \>oru] om. C. "/J'c hnd .... drawe] for J'ulke gult brynge 
hym of lif dawe C. 

9726. \>es] })is C. 

9727. Fleu] Flcy C. 

9728. 9729, omitted in C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 683 

pe nextc ^er ];er after • j^e amperesse mold • 

Wende out of J^is Hue • as pe boc a|? itold • 

pe king let crouni to kinge - an vif lev after J'is • 

Henri is eldoste sone • at westmunstre ywis • 9735 

As endleue hundred ^er of gTace • & sixti & tene • 

& sixtene ^er he was old • \>o he was icrouned ich 

wene • 
pe erehebissop of euerwik • &; ]>e bissop of londone • 
& of salesbury him erounede • a^en ri^t & wone • 
Vor J?e erehebissop of canterburi . mid riite it ssolde 

do • 9740 

po sein tomas it wuste • gret deol he nom him to • 
pat ]>e churche of kanterbury • in such vnri^t was 

ibro^t • 
He nolde vor to ]?olie de]? • leng |?olie it nott • 
He drou him toward engelond • to is martirdom • 
As godes kni^t he bigan • ]>o he hider com • 9745 

He amansede alle J^ulke • ];at such vnriit adde ido • 
To |;e churche of canterbury • & ]?e king icrouned 

so 
pe J^re bissoj)es wro]?e were • & nome hom to rede • 
& wende vorJ> to normandie • & 'pe olde king it 

sede • 
pe king was nei vor wraj'l^e wod • & sede 2uf psit 

he . 9750 

Amansej? alle J»ulke men • ]?anne amansej? he me • 



9733. a}>] ous haj> C. 

9734. kinyl om. C to kiiige] om. C. 

9735. eldoste'] elduste C. westmunstre'] westmystcr C. 

9736. As] As in C. 

9737. icroimed] ycrouned was C. 

9738. euerwik] eue^vyk C. 

9739. Sf of . . . . a'^en] hym crounecl & of salesbury a)e C. 
9741. po] pe C. deol] del C. 

9743. ];>olie] Jjoly C. \>olie it] hit >olye C. 

9748. wro)>e] worj^e A ; wroJ> C. nome] nom C. 

9749. &f ivende] hi wende C. 

9750. ivod] wode C. 



684 THE CHRONICLE OF 

foi. 139. He acorsede alle ]?ulke men • J^at he adde uor]? ibrouit • 
pat of an false preste ne abbe eke him nou^t • 
[475] pat word he sede ofte • in hastinesse ywis • 

Foure of ]}e deueles limes • is kni^tes hurde )?is • 9755 

Sire Reinaud le fit ours • sire roger brut al so • 

Sire hue de moruile • sir willam traci ]>ev to • 

Hii nome hom to rede • & uor to paye is wille • 

Wende uor]? to engelond • hasteliehe & stille • 

po ]?e king com to is mete • & is knittes mid him 

were • 9760 

He bihuld & nuste • ]?ulke foure ]>ere • 
Is herte him lei anon • wuderward hii wende • 
In anguisse & sor ynou • after hom he sende • 
Toward ]?e se hasteliehe • J>at hii come a^e • 
Ar J»e messager come • hii were in ]?e se • 9765 

Hii wende hom vor]? to kanterburi . & in J)e churche 

ri^t • 
Hii martreden sein tomas • an tiwesday at ni^t • 
pis godeman sat adoun akne • & is heued buyede 

adoun • 
& wel softe as some hurde • sede j^is orison • 
God & seinte marie • & sein denis al so • 9770 

& aUe l^e avowes of ];is churche • in was ore ich am ido • 
Ich bitake min soule • & holi churche ri^te • 
^ut he bed vor holi churche • J^o he nadde oj^er 

mitte • 
Sir reinaud le fi^ ours • mest ssrewe of echon • 
Vor to smite J'is holi man • is suerd drou anon • 9775 



9752. acorsede'] acursed C. 

9753. preste ne abbe eke] prest nolde a wrekye C. 
9756. ^5 ours] fis ours C. 

9758. nome] uom C. 

9762. wuderward] whodeward C. 

9763. anguisse Sf sor] anguys & sore C. 

9765. were] were fer C. 

9766. hom vor\>] fort> C 

9767. martreden] raartryd C. 
9768-9799, omitted in C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. G85 

Ac eclward grim j^at was is clerc • of grantebragge 

ibore • 
To helpe is louerd ^uf he mi^te • pulte is arm 

biuore • 
He wounde is arm sui];e sore • ]^ut blod oru adoun • 
Mid ))ulke dunt ek he smot • sein tomas vpe J^e 

croun • 
pat |>ut blod orn bi is face -in ) e ri^t half of ]>e 
wounde • 9780 

Loude gradde ]?e luj^er kniit • smite)? alle to grounde • 
In ];ulke sulue wounde • an o)?er him smot |?o • [476] 

pat he abuyde is face adoun • vort J?er come mo • 
pe j^ridde in |;ulke sulue stede • ]?er after smot 

anon • 
& made him aloute al adoun • is face vpe on j^e 
ston • 9785 

In |?ulke stede J»e verpe smot • ]?at ])e o)?ere adde er 

ydo. 
& ]>e point of is suerd brec • in ]>e marbreston a 

tuo • 
^ut J>ulke point at canterbury • ]?e monekes latej? foi. 139 b. 

wite • 
Vor honour of }?e holi man • ]?at ]?erwi)? was ismite • 
Wip J^ulke stroc he smot al of • ]?e scolle & ek pe 
croune • 9790 

pat pe brain om al abrod • in J^e pauiment |;er doune • 
po )?is holi man imartred was • pe knittes gradde 

echon • 
pis traitor is to de]?e ibrott • wende we henne anon • 
SyweJ? vs pe kinges men • & alle ]7at mid him be]? • 
Of pis traitor we be]? awi-eke • as ^e nou ise]? • 9795 
He J?ou^te be herre ]?an pe king • & binime him is 

croune • 
& to noutte bringe al engelond • & nou he li]? ]?er 

doune • 
In endleue hundred lev of grace • ]?is godeman sein 

tomas • 
& sixti & endleuene • ]>us imartred was • 



68G THE CHROXICLE OF 

po ]ye king it wuste • he made deol ynou • 9800 

So ];at vor anguisse • nei him sulue he slou • 

In J7e castel of argentein • vourty dawes he was • 

In a chaumbre al one • wi]?oute eni solas • 

In wop & sorwe tSz; deol inoii • »Sz; confort non him 

nas • 
Ac euere on ]?e holiman • criede sein tomas • 9805 

So J?at tueie cardinals • ])e pope him sende iwis • 
& hii him asoilede • of j^at was ido amis • 
[477] & he vndude J^e lu])er lawes • & graimtede alle ]:>e 

gode • 
pat sein tomas esste • as hii vnderstode • 
Of forest & of o]?er |?ing • J?at is elderne nome amis • 
He vndude & ]7er to -is chartre made iwis • 9811 

Ac after is daye iholde • febliche it was • 
Of king Ion Sz of o|?ere • & na)?eles |7er nas • 
Non of horn ]?at some time • Mid wille ]>ei it nere • 
Ne grauntede & confermede it • |?ei it lute wur]? 

were • 9815 

Vor mani is ])e gode bodi • j^at aslawe is j^eruore • 
To betere ende god it bringe • ]?at vor vs was ibore • 
After sein tomas de]>e • aboute an ^eres to • 
per sprong contek sui]?e strong • ]?ei it lu]?er were 

ido • 
Bituene king henri ];e olde • & J?e ^onge mid wou • 
Vor ]}& sonc aros ate ]?e fader ■ & dude him ssame 

ynou . 9821 



9800. deol'] del C. 

9802. argeiitein] argentyn C. 

9804. deol] del C. confort] comfort C. 

9808. he] om. C. 

9809. esste] aschte C. 

9810. \>iny] J^ynges C. nome] nom C. 

9811. vndude] vndede C. 

9815. wur\>] wor^e C. 

9816. t>a<] om. C. aslawe] islawe C. 

9817. betere] beter C. vs] ons C. 

9818. an] om. C. 
9820. mid] av' C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. C87 

poru );e king of france • was doiter was is wif • 

Vor ]joru a vowe of him • ]>e sone bigan ])at strif • 

Vor ]?e king of fraunce • & ]?e erl of Haundres ]^er to • fol. 140. 

& sir roberd erl of leicestre • & sire hue bigod al so • 

& l^e king of scotlond ek • & manie o]?er knitt • 

Wi]? ]?e sone ate fader • hulde wi); vnritt • 

Hii destruede & robbede • ]>e fader londes mid won • 

pe fader was in normandie • «& deol made ynou • 

He huld it al wreche of god • vor sein tomas mar- 

tirdom . 9880 

& na]7eles wij> gret poer • to engelond he com • 
pe erl willam of gloucestere • huld mid him vaste • [478] 

& mani o]?er trewe knitt • so ]?at atte laste • 
Ac ]?e olde king at canterbury • mid gode herte & 

wille • 
Hurde is masse of sein tomas • & cride him merei 

stille . 9835 

Is ost & is sone ost • ]?e wule masse ilaste • 
Smite an stronge bataile • so |?at attelaste • 
poru grace of sein tomas • is men ouercomc • 
Hor fon & ]>e king • of scotlonde nome • 
& sir hue bigod ek • & |7e erl of leicetre • 9840 

Inome was )7oru willam • erl of gloucestre • 
Manion J^er was aslawe • so ]?at ]?is uair cas • 
pe king it ]7onkede • eueridel • ]>e godeman sein tomas • 



9822. was doyter'] whas douter C. 

9823, a vowe'] \>e mentenaunce C. 
9826. ek] eke C. 

9828, destruede ^- rohbcde] destmde Si, robbed C. mid] -w' C. 

9832. mid] w' C. 

9833. trewe hni'^t] truwe kny^tes C. 

9834. }pe olde] \>\s old C. mid] w' C. 

9836. sone] sones C. masse] J?is masse C. 

9837. Smite an stronge bataile] smete a strong batail C. 

9839. scotlonde] scotlond C. 

9840. ek] eke C. leicetre] leicestre C. 
9843. After this C adds — 

& \>e londes of his fon let seysi faste 

& heic men hat were y nome in stronge warde y caste. 



G88 THE CHRONICLE OF 

So ]7at ]fe fader & p'e sone • acorcled were ])o • 

Ac ]>e sones herte a2e ]>e fader • was euermo • 9845 

& ]>e bre]'eren hiilde al so • aten hor fader vaste • 

Vorte ]>e tonge king henri • deide attelaste • 

A sein barnabes day • & as it wolde be • 

Endleue hundred lev of grace • & eitteti &5 J>re • 

In normandye he deyde • &l j^ulke ler al so • 9850 

Seint egwine at euesham • in ssrine was verst ido • 

Glastingburi was }>er after • and to ^er ibro^t to 

grounde • 
Vorbarnd & of king ar]?ure • ]?e bones uerst ifounde • 
[479] pe king after is sone de]? • ]>e croune a^en nom • 

& in contek muchedel • huld J?e kinedom • 9855 

Vor vnkundede of is sones • muche to harm him com • 

& sunne vor he leuede • muche in hordom • 

& huld vnder ]7e queue ■ rosemounde ywis • 

pat so vair womman was • &; at godestowe ibured 

is • 
fol. 140 b. A bourgeis at biistowe • Roberd Harding • 9860 

Vor gret tresour • & richesse • so wel was mid |je 

king, 
pat he zei him & is eirs • J?e noble baronie • 
pat so riche is of berkele • mid al ])e seignorie • 
& ]?ulke roberd harding arerde snp^e ywis • 
pe abbeye at bristowe • J^at of seint austin is • 9865 

9847. Vorte'] Fort C. 

9848. barnabes'] barnebes C; 

9849. eiyteti] eitety C. 

9851. eywine] egewyne C. ssrine] schryn C. 

9852. aiid to] a to C. 

9853. Vorbarnd . . . ifounde] forbarnde & \>e bones of kyng arthure 
ifounde C. 

9854. sone] sones C. 

9855. hdd] hiilde C. 

9856. vnkundede] vnkunde C. 

9857. sunne] some C. 

9858. huld] hulde C. 

9859. womman was] was womman C. is] was C. 

9860. at bristowe] of brystowe C. 
9863. berkele] berkeleye C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. G89 

In ]>e holi londe ]>o • gret worre |^er sprong • 

Bituene cristine & hej'ene • & bataile sui)?e strong • 

pe king of ierusalem • sir guy was j^er inome • 

& ])e patriarc aslawe • & )?e cristine ouercome • 

pe hejjene king salaclin • mid poer gret inou • 9870 

Wende aboute in sirie • & cristine vaste slou • 

& hii ]?at were of ierusalem • gret raunson him ^eue • C^^^] 

In J^raldom as vnder him • ]?ere to bileue • 

& saladin nom ]>e holi croys • tSc to he]?enesse it ber • 

& let witie |^e sepulcre • pat no cristine ne com ]>er • 

So |?at cristendom j;ere ibrouit to natte was • 9876 

& J^er was j:*©™ al cristendom • gret deol J>oru ];at cas • 

Hej^acli ]>e patriarc • fram ierusalem |?o drou • 

& com here in to engelond • mid deol & sorwe inou • 

& bisoutte |)e king o]?er is sones • ]?at som l^e warde 

toke . 0880 

To be king of ierusalem • & hii it alle vorsoke • 
& na|?eles hii croicede horn • ]>uder vor to wende • 
pe king & richard is sone • & manion in ech ende • 
& ]>e emperour fre|?eric • & frej?eric is sone al so • 
& king filip of fraunce • & mani bissop ]:'er to • 9885 
Ac hii sende ]?uder muche folc • & hom sulue nolde 

wende • 
perwi]) nas no^t god ipaid • o]?er ]?ing he gan hom 

sende • 



9866. J>er] om. C. 

9867. cristine'] cristyne men C. 
9872. o/] at C. 

9875. witie'} wyte C. 

9876. ibrouyt] ibrout C ; ibrou) A. 

9877. deol Iwru} del for C. 

9878. He]>acU'] Heracli C. 

9879. deol] del C. 
9881. it alle] alle hit C. 

9883. is sone] om. C. ech] eche C. 

9884. J>e emperour fre\>eric] frederyk \>e emperour C. 

9885. filip] phelip al so C. 

9880. Sf hom sidue nolde] ac hom siilf hi uolde C. 
9887. 1UIS .... ipaid] god was nout upaid C. 

X X 



690 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& worre horn bituene • vor |^e king of fraunce • 
Cudde vpe ]>e king of engelond • gret destourbance • 
& richard ])e kinges sone • ]7at so god kni^t was -9890 
Aten is fader turnde • to j?e king of france alas • 
[481] & dude him omage anon • alas alas j^e stounde • 

& fondede mid worre • to bringe is fader to grounde • 
pe olde man in normandie • worrede a^en horn 

vaste • 
& slou & barnde vp is fon • ]>e wule is lif ilaste • 

foi. 141. • Ricardus rex • 

Ac he deide in J^e worre sone • in anguisse k> in 
pine . 9896 

As endleue hundred ^er of grace • & ei^teti & nine • 
pe sixte day of lul he deide • & mid gret onour k 

prute • 
At founte ebraud he]was ibured • as he \i\> ^ute • . 
Ac gefray erl of brutaine • is sone J»re ^er biuore • 
Deide |?at bituene richard • & king Ion was ibore • 
& bileuede bihinde him • is sone ]?at het arj^ure • 
& is dorter elianore • as te ssolle her after ihure • 
[484] rpilchard king henries sone • to engelonde com • 

*- And after is fader dej'e • aueng \q kinedom '9905 

pe ver]?e day of septembre • he let him crouny iwis • 
At westmunstre hasteliche • as \e, ri^te crouninge is • 
[485] Of |?e erchebissop of kanterbury • baldewine l^at was 
].o. 
In a sonenday as it vel • gywes to muche wo • 



9889. Cudde .... engelond] Vp j^e kynges lond of engelond dude C. 
9895. wnW] while C. 

9897. As] As in C. eiyteti] eiteti C. 

9898. mid] w* C. prute] prude C. 

9899. founte ebraud] fount ebraud C. as he /;>] & )>sir he li> C. 

9903. ssolle] schuUe C. 

9904. henries] henri C. engelonde] engelond C. 

9905. fader] faderes C. kinedom] kyngdom C. 

9907, westmunstre] Westmyster C. ri-^yte crouninge] ryjt crouny C. 
9909. sonenday] sonedai C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. G91 

Vor among alle ]>e noble • ]>at to suiche feste drowe • 

Of erles & of barons & of oj^ere heyemen inowe ' 9911 

&5 of noble presaims • ]?at ]>ev come al so • 

pe wreeche lu]?er giwes • wende wel to do • 

&i a riehe presant • tarkede wi]? gret prute • 

& sende |?is noble kinge • ac lior ]?onc was lute • 9915 

Vor J;e king was somdel awlated • & to gret despit it 

nom • 
pat fram so vnclene ]7inges • eni mete him com • 
& liet it do out of is court • & J?e wrecches ssame 

do . 
per was mani a wilde hine • j^at prest was J'er to • 
& wende in to ]>e gywerie • & woundede & to 

drowe • ' 9920 

& robbede & barnde hous • & manie of bom slowe • 
Ac sone in ]?ulke sulue ^er • in to ]?is kinedom • 
Hunger & deiinge of men • & muche wrechede com • 
Richard ]>o he was king -he tef is bro];er Ion • 
pe erldom of gloucestre • & let him spousy anon • 9925 
Isabel ]?at was eir • & grete londes ]>er to • 
^ef him here in engelond • & bitonde se al so • 
per was ]?o in J^e holi lond • a strong bataile ido • 
Bi tuene ]>e luj^er saladim • & cristine men al so • 
A sein leonardes eue • in 'pe ler of grace ywis • 9930 
Endleue hundred & ninty • ydo was al J'is • 



9910. 7ioble'] noble folc C. drowe'] drou C. 

9911. ^' o/ot'erc] of oj^er C. inowe'] y nou C. 

9912. presauns] presantes C. 
9915. noble kinqe] heie kyng C. 
9917. him] to hym C. 

9919. hine] hyne C. 

9920. in] cm. C. drowe] drou C. 

9921. barnde] barnd C. manie] many C. slowe] slow C. 
9923. deiinge] dei^enge C. wrechede] wrech hede C. 

9927. se] J^e se C. 

9928. bataile] batail C. 

9930. sein] seynt C. 

9931. ninty] nynti ^cr C. 

X X 2 



G92 THE CHRONICLE OF 

foi 141 b. pe maister of J?e temple was aslawe • & sir willam de 

breus al so • 
& sire ingerard de fenes • & o]7er cristine ]>er to • 
Saladines eldoste sone • |?at het mirasalin • 
Islawe was & is neueu • |?at het goekedin • 9935 

[486] & migenal is mareschal • & no noumbre nas • 

Of cristin folc & he}>ene • |?at j^ere aslawe was • 

Me prechede of pe croyserye • wide ich vnderstonde • 

&; ]?e bissop willam of ely • here in engelonde • 

King riehard him larkede • to J^e holi lond to wende • 

& bitok l^e bissop of eli • ]?is lond in ech ende • 9941 

To wardi uor he trewe was • & |;e erchebissop al 

so • 
Baldewine of canterburi • & mani wende J?er to • 
As roberd erl of leicetre • |?e erl willam de ferers • 
Sir riehard de glanuille • & mani oJ>ere heye & fers • 
pe aumperoiir frederic • & |?e king philip of fi-ance • 
Alle hii wende to ierusalem ■ to do gode chaunce '9947 
Endleue hundred ^er of grace • & ninti & on • 
Hii wende to ]>e holi lond • ]?is noblemen echon • 
Som of king richardes folc • to ])e lond of cypre com • 
& ];e prince of J;e lond • anon hom vaste nom • 9951 
& in strong prison hom caste • & king riehard as man 

wod • 
])o he it wuste wende |>uder • mid wel stourdi mod • 



9932. pe maister .... a/ so] a slawe was }>e maister of he temple & sire 
andreu de brewes al so C. 

9935. 7ieneii] nefeu C. yoekedin'] gobekedyu C. 

9936. mareschal'] marchal C. wo] nou C. 

9937. cristhi] cristene C. 

9940. riehard'] om. C. 

9941. >?s lond] his londes C. eclt] eche C. 

9943. mani] mauy oj^ere C. 

9944. leicetre] leycestre C. 

9946. philip] ova. C. 

9947. ierusalem] \>c holy londe C. 
99.50. com] come C'. 

99.'51. hom vaste] fasto hom V. Jiom] nome C. 
9953. wuste] wyste C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 603 

To j?o hauene al bi waterc • he com mid poer god • 
pe prince mid al is poer • vaste aten him stod • 9955 
& nolde no^t deliuery • j^e men ]7at were inome • 
pe bataile was sone ido • & ]>e prince ouercome • 
pe nobleman king richard • sturede him j^er so vaste • 
&5 ])e mare of hor riigge • w'ip kene suerd agaste • 
So ]?at al out |?e lond • he wan atte laste • 9960 

Some he slou & some of hom • in strong prison he 

caste • 
So he dude |>ulke time • as ich vnderstonde • 
pat cipre is euereft iholde • of ]>e king of engelonde • 
Godc wardeins he sette • vor to wite )?ut lond • [487] 

& adde at is owe wille • al cipre in is bond • 9965 

& f>e prince he nom wij? him • ibounde vet & honde • 
Wi|? veteres of seluer • toward J?e holi londe • 

• Ricardus • foi. 142. 

So J'at to sir philip • king of france hii come • 
& as stalwarde noblemen • ]?e toun of acres nome • 
King Richard • & king philip • vpe \>e hej^ene men 
J^ere • ' 9970 

Mani was j?e gode dunt • ]7at king richard taf er • 
Endleue hundred ler of grace • & ninti & to • 
King richard ]?is noble kniit • acres nom so • 
& harlede so j^'e sarazins • in eche side aboute- • 
pat \>e ssrewen ne dorste • in non ende at route • 9975 

9955. vaste a^en him'\ ajeu hym faste C. 
9957. hatalle'] batail C. 

9960. >e] J^' C. 

9961. of hom .... he'] he uorn & iu strong prison C. 
9964, 9965, transposed in C. 

9964. Vuf] Jj' C. 

9965. Sf adde] \>o he hadde C. 

9966. he] oni. C. wi\>] myd C. 

9968. king] be kyng C. 

9969. stalwarde ?ioblemen] stalewardc men C. 7to!Hc] lii nome C. 
9971. ;«/] ^ef C. 

9974. sarazins] saresenes C, 

9975. dorste] durste C. 



694 THE CHEOXICLE OF 

So ]>at king philip was • aniiyd ))or alle ]?ing • 

pat ]>er nas of him word non • bote al of richard ]>e 

king • 
Yaste he let trossi • to franee uor to drawe • 
Sori was ]>e king richard • to lese is felawe • 
He bed him ^erne vor to abide • |>oru liim al to 
do • 9980 

Ac ]?e o)?er nolde vor no p>ing • ac to fraunce wende 

so • 
King richard bileuede j^er • & so nobliche he wro^te • 
pat al |?ut lond ]>er aboute • In is poer he brotte • 
Me nuste longe j'er biiiore • neiier eft in he]>enesse • 
Of so noble knitt ne prince • ne do so muche prow- 
esse • 9985 

Me ne mai noi^t al telle her • ac wo so it wole 

iwite • 
In romance of him imad • me it may finde iwiite • 
[488] So J7at ]7e deuel adde • j^er to gret envie • 

& in is bro]7er herte Ion • brotte an tricherie • 
Vor he esste of heyemen of }>is lond • sikernesse 
ilome • 9990 

& homage to be king • bote is bro]^er aie come • 
pe bissop of eli • ]?at ]?is lond adde to loke • 
& J?e triwemen of |?e lond • vaste it vorsoke • 
& sede l^at arjjure of briitaine • is eJdore broj'er sone • 
Kundere eir was J^an he • bi pur lawe & wone • 9995 

9976. anuyd ])or'] a myd j'Oru C. 

9977. word von] no word C. Ye] om. C. 

9978. trossi] trussy C. 

9979. ]>e] >o C. 

9980. abide] bide C. 

9983. \>ut] V C. 

9984. jieuer] ne neuere C 

9985. ne do] ne hat dude C. 

9987. imad] om. C. me it may] he hit. mai G. 

9988. gret] om. C. 

9989. ^•] om. C. broker] bro>eres C. 

9990. esste] eschte C. lond] om. C. 
9993. triwemen] trewe C. 

9995. Kundere] kundor C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 695 

pe erl Ion worrede vpen horn • ];at a^en hom were 

out • 
He "WTiste )?at ]>e king of france • ne louede is broJ?er 

no^t • 
peniore he wende ouer se • & is man he bicom • 
To helpe him aien is broker • to winne the kinedom • 
So J7at ]>e king & he • king richardes lond • 10,000 
Destruede vast^ in normandie • &: here in engelond • 
pis word com to king richard • in sirie as he was • 
He suor he wolde awreke be • of pis vil trespas • 
He bileuede is noble dede • of ]>e holi lond ala^s • fol- i-t2 b. 

& triwes nom of saladin • vor J^is luj'er cas • 10,005 
pre ter J?at ech l^ing were • in pels hom bituene • 
& wende him toward enorelond • to awreke him of is 

O 

tene • 
Alas alas J?ulke stounde • uor he ne dude neuereft 

note • 
In ]>G holi lond ne com aien • ar he was issote ■ 
Sir Marchion de mount ferre • a gret louerd islawe 

was • 10,010 

In alimaine J?er biuore • in a wonder cas • 
per uore as king richard • J^oru alimaine com • 
pe due of ostrich anon • mid is poer him nom ■ 
& sede ]7at sir Mai'chion • aslawe was )?oru is rede • 
To pe king of alimaine • vaste he let him lede • 10,015 
pe beste bodi of pe world ■ in bendes was ibrou^t • [489] 

Ac pe king of fraimce ne pe erl Ion • it ne of J^o^te 

no^t • 
Vor hii destruede in engelond • is lond J;oru alle piag • 
& in normandie also • vor Ion wolde be king • 



9996. worrede'\ worrrede A. vpen'] vpon C. 
9998. he'] om. C. 

10.000. king] kyng phelip C. 

10.001. Destruede] destrade C. 
10,008, 10,009, omitted in C. 
10,010. islawe] aslawe C. 

10.016. world] -worle C. 

10.017. ne \>e erl] ne erl C. 



696 THE CHRONICLE OF 

King henri of alimaine • bed king richard J70 • 10,020 
To deliueri him 2uf he wolde be • is man euere mo • 
& bere him truage eche }er • ac uor none ]?inge • 
King richard nolde is lond • ne him sulue in }>raldom 

bringe • 
Oj'er vorewarde he bed him ek • ac he it euere vorsok • 
So ]?at atte laste ■ ]>e vorewarde me tok • 10,025 

pat an hundred J'ousend marc • & vifti j^ousend 

J^erto • 
King Richard ssolde tiue • of prison to ben ydo • 
pe hundred ]?ousend marc were • ipaid biuore hond • 
& wel narwe igadered • here in engelond • 
Vor broches & ringes • »fc gimmes al so • 10,030 

& ]>e calis of j^e weued • me ssolde ]?erto • 
& greye monekes • )?at newe come • & pouere ]>o were • 
^eue al hor woUe • J?erto of one tere • 
po J'e hundred ]?ousend were • ipayd biuore hond • 
King richard of J?e o]?er del • god ostage fond • 10,035 
& deliuered was of prison • & hiderward wende 

bliue • 
Endleue hundred ler of grace • & ninty & fine • 
Ac god sende wreche gret • in J?ulk sulue ^ere • 
Vpe pe due of ostrich • uor verst vorbarnd were • 
fol. 143. pe hexte tounes of is lond • & suj^j^e maniman • 10,040 
& no man ne miite wite • war of j^at fur bigan • 



10.021. yuf .... euere mo] for to be his man for euereino C. 

10.022. ac . . . . ]>i7ige'] ac kyng richard hit forsoke C. 

10.023. 10,024, omitted iu C. 
10,025. t>e vorewarde'] ]>es foreward C. 

10.027. be7i ydo] be vndo C. 

10.028. ho7id] honde C. 

10.029. engelond] engelonde C. 

10.031. calls] chales C. weued] weuede C. 

10.032. come] were icome C. 
10,034. ]>ousend] Jjousund marc C. 

10.038. i>uUi] J>ulke C. 

10.039. vorhariid] for barnde C. 

10.040. hexte] heiest C. sMf>)>e] also C. maniman'] many a man C, 

10.041. ivite] y wite C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. G97 

pat water suj?);e heye aros • & muche is lond asencte • 

& mo jan ten |?ousend men • wonderliche adrencte • 

pe ];ridde time \>o grene corn • in somer ssolde curne • [4'jo] 

To foule wormes muchedel • J^e eres gonne turne • 

pe heiemen su}»J>e of is lond • bigonne deye vaste • 

& ]?e meste miscas com • to him sulf attelaste • 10,047 

Vor he vel of is palefrey • & brec is fot bi cas • 

So siiart so eni crowe • amorwe is fot was • 

po |?at is leches sede • |?er nas red bote on • 10,050 

0|>er smite of is fot • o]7er he was ded anon • 

He het it do hasteliche • ac non me ne fond • 

Of alle is men ];at wolde • sette |?er on hond • 

A kene ax him sulf he huld • j^erto atte laste • 

& mid strengl^e het is chamberlein • ]>er on smite 

vaste • 10,055 

per on he smot prie • ]>e wrecche to gret pine • 
So ]7at he smot of ]?an vot • mid gret wo atte fine • 
per after he adde sorwe ynou • ne mi^te noman 

more- 
& attelaste deide • in sorwe ynou &, sore • 
Ac 'pe vifti ]?ousend marc • he uortef er • 10,060 

Of king richard & is ostages • deliuerede j^er • 
po king richard com to engelond • J^er was ioye inou • 
Mid ioye & procession • |;at folc at en him drou • 
He pleyede nywe king at ome • |>o he hom com • 
Verst ]>e castel of notingham • vpe is broj^er he 

nom • 10,065 



10.042. arosi aros heie C. asencte] a seyntte C. 

10.043. \>an'] Jjanne C adrenctel adreyntte C. 

10.046. deye'] to cleie C. 

10.047. sulf] sulue C. 

10.048. vel] fill C. brec] brake C. is] is is A ; his C. 

10.054. A kene] An ken C. sulf] sulue C. huld] hulde C. 

10.055. mid .... chamberlein] liet his ehamberlayu rayd streng]>e C. 

10.057. So \;>at . . . -fine] iu anguyse & sorwe y noii he deide atte 
fyne C. 

10.058, 10,059, omitted iu C. 

10,061. lV] om. C. deliuerede] delyueied C. 

10,064, pleyede nyive'j pleide j^e newe C. at ome] atom C, 



698 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& su]>]>e is o|?er londes • & deseritede him al clene • 
& alle ]?at wi]> him hulde • hii nere nott to bimene • 
& nom wuche he mi^te finde • ac bitonde se • 
Erl Ion was sore adrad • & ne dorste come ate • 
po ])e king adde al ido • & ibro^t is fon ]?ev doune • 
Is estre he huld at winchestere • & nobliche ber 

croime • 10,071 

[491] & tok ]>e erchebissop of canterburi • J^is lond to wardi 

her • 
& wende to normandie • mid al is poer • 
Vor ]?er was ])Q king of france • & dude him ssame 

ynou • 
Ac 1^0 he wuste he was icome • to fraunce sone he 

drou . 10,075 

foi. 143 b. . Johannes • 

Erl Ion is broj^er • bisende him al so • 

& bisoutte is grace • of I'at he adde misdo • 

So |?at Ipe king jjoru gode men • is grace him lef 

]7ere • 
& in gode fourme • acorded hii were • 
po ]>e king adde normandie • in god stat ibrou^t 

al . 10,080 

put lond he tok to loke • willam ]?e mareschal • 
pat was erl of penbroc • & is bro]?er erl Ion • 
& wende wi]? is poer • to aquitayne anon • 
pere he brotte al bine]?e • hom j^at were is fon • 
So ]?at he adde al in peis • is londes echon • 10,085 
& nobliche wuste is londes • & nobel knitt was • 
Atte laste he deide • in a pitous cas • 
Vor as he wolde at limosin • bi sege J^e castel • 
& he com J^er aboute • larmed nou^t uol wel • 

10.067. hulde /hi] huld & hi C. 

10.068. noni] nome C. 

10.069. Sf we] & he ne C. 
10,071. croMwe] \>e croune C. 

10.081. puQ J;' C. loke'] loky C. mareschal'] marchal C. 

10.082. erl'] i>e erl C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 699 

pe morwe after seinte marie day • in leinte wil? a 

quarel • 10,090 

Issote he was J>at he ne et • neuereft a god mel • 
pe tuelfte day he deide • of aueril J>e sixte day • 
Bi is fader he was ibured • as is fader lay • 
E,i^t at is fader uet • in ]?e nonnerye • 
Of fount ebraud richeliche • ]?at is in normandie • 10,095 
Endleue hundred ^er of grace • & ninti «fe nyene • 
pus J5e noble king richard • brotte is lif to fine • 

T ON king richardes bro]?er • after is bro];er dcj'c • 
Ne abod no^t wel longe • seue wouke vnnej'e • 
Ar he let him crouni king • an holi ];orsday iwis • [^^92] 

At westmunstre in ]>e abbeye • as ]:»e ri^te crouninge 

is . 10,101 

Of ]>e erchebissop of kanterbury • hubert ]?at was ])o • 
per after deide sein hue • an half ler & nammo • 
pat was bissop of lincolne • & J»er after ]7e werste ter • 
pe ordre bigan of frere prechors • ]7at nas neuere er • 
Sein dominie it bigan ]:'0 • in ])q ler of grace ywis • 
A l^ousend & tuo hundred ^er • vor nammore it 

nis • 10,107 

puike ter pe king him let • vor sibrede to dele • 
Fram is wif ]?e contesse • of gioucetere ysabele • 
& spousede ano}?er wif-Isabele het ich wene • 10,110 
An grete erles dorter • & let hire crouni queue • 
pe tonge erl of brutaine • ar]7ui'e hadde riite • 
To be king of engelond • ]7eruore mid al is mi^te • foi. 144. 

10.091. et] eet C. yod} goude C. 

10.092. tuelfte'] twelfj^e C. 

10.093. as] per C. 

10.095. fou7it ebraud] foundebraud C. 

10.096. grace] om, C. 
10,099. wouke] woke C. 

10,101. westmunstre] westmyster C. 

10.103. a7i halfyer] half a ^er C. 

10.104. §•] om. C. werste] furste C. 
10,106. Sein dominie] for seynt domenyk C. 

10.109. gioucetere] gloucestre C. 

10.110. ano)>er] an out>er C. 
10,113-10,671, omitted in C (8 leaves lost). 



700 THE CHRONICLE OF 

He orn vpe |7e king ion • bi londe se vaste • 

& he & sir hue de brun • come atte laste • 10,115 

& sire geffray de limesi • & ]n-e hundred knittes al 

so • 
& elianore ]?e olde quene • bisegede in peyto • 
In ]>e kinges o castel • it com |je kinge to ere • 
He wende to is moder • to deliuery ir |;ere • 
& nom j^ere ]ns arjmre • & ]?e hexte ]?at mid him 

were • 10,120 

In tuelf hundred ler of grace • & j^e secunde tere • 
[493] po j?at king ar]?ure • ne com nammorc ate • 

Me sede uor is eritage • |?at J»e king him let sle • 
Vor ]ns slatt ]>e king of france • orn vpe ):'e king 

Ion • 
& is londes bitonde se • seisede anon • 10,125 

Aquitayne & normandie • so }?at hii ne come nam- 

more • 
To j?e croune of engelond • & ];at was to rewe sore • 
pis sunne & o|?er mo • king Ion sore aferde • 
So ]>&t |?e abbeye of beulu • of greye monekes he 

arerde • 
& ]?e baronie of farendone • & o}?er londes ^ef ]?er 

to . 10,130 

In tuelf hundred ler of grace • & foure ]ns was ido • 
pe nexte ter 'per after • deide pe olde quene • 
& hubert j^e erchebissop • of canterbury ich wene • 
& peres de la roche • was bissop • of wincetre ywis • 
& pe king made peni chaunge • In o ^er was al J'is • . 
po pis peris was ichose • he wende uor ]7is cas • 10,136 
To rome & of |^e pope • ]>ere isacred was • 
Fram rome he brotte an heste • J?at me here nome • 
Petres peni of ech hous • ]?at smoke out of come • 
Ac pe king & heyemen • wi]^ sede it ilome • 10,140 
War ]?oru pe king adde • J^e worse grace at rome • 
Of pe erchebissop of kanterbury • ]?er wex a striuing • 
Wc]?er him ssolde chese • pe couent oj^er pe king • 
[494] pe sousprior of hor hous • pe moaekes chose echon • 
& pe king ches pe bissop • of norJ>wich J?at het Ion • 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 701 

To rome hii were bo}je iseiit • }>is louerdinges tueye • 
To be isacred of ]>e pope • ac he vorsok horn beye • 
Ac maister stefne of langetone • ibore of engelonde • 
He made ercliebissop • & saerede wi|> is bond • 

• lohannes • 

fol. 144 b. 

pe couent was wel ipaid • ac ]>e king nou^t • 10,150 
Vor he suor in engelond • he ne ssolde ariui nout • 
Ne erchebissop be bi is daye • j^ei he ssolde ]?eruore 

deye • 
po ];e pope |^is ihiirde • he nom it wel heye • 10,153 
He sende to alle ]>e bissopes • of ]?is lond is sonde • 
pat entredit in is name • hii dude in al |?is londe • 
pe king was ]>o he hurde ]>is • wro]?ore J>an he was er • 
pe monekes of canterbury • alle ]?at he vond ]>er • 
pat miite go he drof out • of is kinedom • 
& al ]?e erchebissopriche • in is hond he nom • 
Henri is eldoste sone • ibore was in ]>is wo • 10,1 GO 
As in tuelf hundred ler • & eitte & nammo • 
At winchestre at alle halwetid • J^at su})]?e was vr king • 
pe king vorbed ek in J^is lond • al ]>e popes playd- 

inge • 
Of buUen & of o)^er ))ing • )?at he nadde poer non • 
pe bissops wende ek ofte • to }?is king Ion- 10,165 
& lettres j^at ]fe pope hom sende • him ssewede mo- 

nion • 
& felle adoun to is fet • wepinde echon • 

& criinde pitosliche • ]>at he ssolde hom vnderstonde • [^^5] 
& abbe reu]?e of cristendom • & of engelonde • 
Ac al ne miite it helpe noit • so J^at atten ende • 
pis bissopes to londone • echone gonne wende • 10,171 
A lute biuore candelmasse • & abbodes al so • 
& conceil made general • |?is entredit to do • 
Ac jjoru bisokne of ]>q king • delayed it was ^ute • 
Vorte wi)?inne leinte • ac it was wur}> lute • 10,175 

Vor ])e king was euere ]>q leng pe wors • & J^o it ne 

mi^te o| er be • 
pe Ijissopes as hi nede mostc • bi gonno hom bi se • 



702 ;THE CHRONICLE OF 

& ];e sonenday of ]>e passion • amansede alle j^e • 

pat avilede so holichirche • |>at mid ri^te was so fre • 

pe morwe as }>e monenday • an seinte Marie eue •10,180 

pe holi time J'at ]?o was • hii nolde leng bileue • 

pis bissopes wende to churclie • as to nime ]:'er lior leue • 

& ef sone pitosliche • ]?is mansinge ^eue • 

& entreditede al ]?is lond • & walis al so • 

pat no]?ing of cristendom • j^er inne nere ido • 10,185 

Vort of is luj^er dede • ]>e king him wij^drowe • 

Out of churche men hii driue • wepinde ynowe • 

foi, 145. • lohannes • 

& pitosliche hom sulue • wende out atte laste • 
& ]?e doren after hom • wepinde loke vaste • 

[496] & binome al cristindom • ]>& holi time alas • 10,190 

Hou mi^te be of cristinmen • more wo ]?an |?is was • 
pe king ])0 as vor wra]?]^e wod • let nime in is hond • 
Alle 'pe erchebissopes • god • ]^at he vond in ];is lond • 
Maners & o]?er ]?ing • & is medes let mowe • 
& vorbed ]^at me ne ssolde • non of is lond sowe • 
Persones p»ing he solde men • ];at mest wolde ];eruore 
^iue . 10,196 

pat hii nadde ]>er of nout • bote vnnepe hor biliue • 
& hor bernes dores acelede • & al clene out hom caste • 
pe bissopes ]?o in hor alf • amansede vaste • 
Alle ];at suich dede dude • king & quene boJ?e • 10,200 
& hor lustizes ek • ]>o were ])er manie wro]?e • 
pe bissop of londone • of eli of roucestre • 
& ]>e bissop of hereuorde • & ]?e bissop of wurcestre • 
Of J^is mansinge were principals • & susteinede it vaste • 
& wende uort it betere were • ouer se atte laste • 10,205 
Alle clerkene lefmen • in prisoun ]?e king broutte • 
Vort at is owe wille • hor maivstres hom out bouite • 
So ]?at in ech half • sorwe ynou j^er com • 
Ac ]?e meste was alas • ]?at )?er nas no cristendom • 

[497] pe king ])o he sey ]>e wo • ]^at was in his londe • 10,210 
To ]^e erchebissop he sende • over se is sonde • 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 703 

pat he come in to |?is lond • ac as erchebissop nout • 
To speke so ]?at )?ut lond • in ];e betere were ibroutt ■ 
Ac ]>e erchebissop nolde come • vor it ne ssolde 

amounti nott • 
Ac l^re bissopes wende • vor to fondi is pott • 10,215 
pe bissop of wurcetre • of eli of londone • 
Ac ]>o hii come hii nadde of him • bote is olde wone • 
Glosinde wordes & false • so ];at hii wende ate • 
& hor wey hulde uorlore • & bileuede bitonde se • 
pe king of alimayne sende • specialliche inou • 10,220 
To king Ion ]?at he • wij^drowe him of is wou • 
& vnderuenge ^e erchebissop • & holichurche al clene • 
Lete abbe ir franchise • & al nas wur]? a bene • 
pe king suj7}>e mildeliche • to J^e erchebissop sende • 
pat he bote he verrore wolde • to douere to him 

wende • 10,225 

To vinde him gode borewes • & sauf condut al so • 
To bringe him sulf eft aten • so p'at it was ido • 

• Johannes • foi. 145 b. 

& after sein Micheles day • ]^e ]?ridde day he com • 

To douere & \)e bissop • of londone wi]; him nom • 

& |;e bissop of eli • & pe king eone wende • 10,230 

To a maner ])er biside • & to hom anon sende • 

Is heye lustice of is lond • sir • G • le fit peris • [498] 

pat ^uf ]>e erchebissop • oj^er eni of his • 

Wolde eni J^ing • toward him • J?at hii sende him 

libel • 10,234. 

& esste ek articles • J^at nere nott to graunti wel • 
Ac vor it nas bote al ]>e mase • I'e erchebissop sone • 
Wende a^en ouer se • as best was to done • 
po was richard ibore • j^e kinges sone ich wene • 
As in ]>e ^er of grace • tuelf hundred & tene • 
pat suj?)7e was king of alemayne • ]?at at hailes ibured 

is • 10,240 

pe ordre bigan of frere menors • ];ulke sulue ter 

ywis • 



704 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe king bigan ]>o more wo • vor he harlede • vaste • 

pe gy wes verst of ]ns lond • & in prison caste • 

Vort sixe & sixti |;oiisend marc • hii paiden him atten 

ende • 
He bigan ek greye monekes • vaste aboute ssende • 
Vor gret raimson he esste of horn • to helpe him 
spene. 10,246 

Vor defendi is lond • & is worre to soustene • 
Hii ansuerede alle at o word • ]>at no tresour hii 

nadde • 
pat hii adde poer of • bote as godemen hadde • 
Bitake horn in warde • uor hor soule to do • 10,250 
In almesdede & orisouns • & to sousteini pouere al so • 
& noutt to sosteini worre ' & ]>o ])e king hurde ]?is • 
Vor wraj^pie he let in al is lond • J>at alle hor chartren 
ywis • 
[499] pat adde of is fader • & of o]?ere heiemen al so • 
Of franchise & of o|?er ]nng • al clene were vndo • 
& alle J?at wolde him ssame do • aday o}?er ani^t • 
Robbi o}>er quelle • ];at nomon ne dude hom ri^t • 
Ne ]^at bailif ne forester • ne soffrede hom nower 
come . 10,258 

To sowe ne to ojjer J?ing • j^at hor bestes nere inome • 
So harde hii were iharled • |.at hii ne mi^te at om 
abide . 10,2G0 

Bote wende to purchasy hor mete • aboute ech in is 

side • 
pe erchebissopes wodes ek • ]?e king het echon • 
pat me morede al clene vp • ]?at p>er ne bileuede 

non • 
pat ech tre were vp mored • ];at it ne spronge namore 
]?ere • 10,264 

He het ek alle ]?e bissopes • p'at bi^onde se were • 



lOj^f)!. almesdede'] almessede A. 
10,203. dene'] cheue A. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 705 

pat ai- missomer day • in to |?is londe come • 10,2GG fol. 146. 

Oj^er ]>at his bailifs • hor londes horn bi nome • 

And asailede al in his bond • & rentes ];er to • 

So |;at al |?is atte daye • & wel worse was ido • 

Vor ]>er nas bissopriche -non in is lond • 10,270 

Bote winchestre & nor|)wich • j^at he ne huld in is 

bond • 
& abbeyes monion . so j^at cristindom ■ 
Was as clanliche al uor 2ite • in is kinedoni • 
& J?er nas o|^er red • as alle men iseye • 
Bote holi churche go adoun • oj^er som god man |^er- 

uore deie • 10,275 

per on ]70tte tueye men • legates of rome • 
Pandiilf and ]>e duraund • & to engelonde come • 
As godes kni^tes baldeliehe • at gemes tid iwis • [500] 

Vor to deie vor holi churche • oJ?er amende j^at was 

amis • 
pun wei in heruest to |?e king . baldeliehe hii 

nome • 10,280 

& to him at nor];hamtone • biuore is conseil come • 
Sir king hii sede we bej> icome • fram verre londe iwis • 
Vor ]?e pais of holi churche • & |?is lond J;at p>in is • 
Vorto wite \>m ansuere • hou J?ou it wolt bi se • 
Inot nout qua]? ]>e king • wat ower demande be • 10,285 
Commune ri^t qua]? pandulf • we esse]? & nammore • 
pat Jjou suerie vpe ]?e bok • clanliche to restore • 
Holi churche ]?at ]?ou hast • him binome mid wronge • 
& ]?at ]?e erchebissop • in J?is lond • in pes ]?ou auonge • 
Nou icholle qua]; ]?e king • ]?at te min wille ise • 10,290 
Ze mo we me makie suerie • wat owe wille be • 
Ac inel neuere ]?e erchebissop • in engelonde auonge • 
pat inelle wan he com]? • late him heye an honge • 
Woltou sire qua]? pandulf • eni o]?er telle • 
Ichabbe ised qua]? l?e king • & non o]?er segge inelle • 
pou hast nou qua]? pandulf • ]?e pope bisout • 10,29G 
pat he relesi J?e entredit • ac me ]nnc}> it is uor 

no^t • 

Y Y 



706 TUE CHKONICLE OF 

[501J Ac it is to holden vp • & vastore more to do • 
Nai sire qua); 'pe king • ine willi no^t so • 
Ac vor loue of mi louerd • ]>e pope icholle do ]>is • 
^iue pe erchebissopriclie • wan so is wille is • 10,301 
&; icholle wan so he it ^ifj? • vawe auonge J'erto • 
An Maister steuene of langetone • may so wel do • 

foi. 146 b. • Johannes • 

Her after j^at par auntre • ich may him ^iue ^ute • 
Anojjer uor ]?e popes loue • & ]?at nis no^t lute • 10,305 
Holi churche quaj? pandulf • so ri^tuol is & was • 
pat he ne ssal no prelat sette adoun • wi]?oute apert 

trespas • 
Ac he ssal princes chasti • )7at hom do]? eni wou 
Nou sir clerc qua]; ]?e king • te mo we ]?retni ynou • 
Ower dede ne may be no wors • }»an ower word is • 
Nou sir king qua]? pandulf • ]?ou sedest vs ar ]?is • 
pe priuete of ]?in herte • & ich ]>e segge iwis • 10,312 
pe priuete of oure • & wat oure erinde is • 
pe pope ]?e amanse]? • & alle ]?at seruej? ]?e • 
Is ]?er more qua]? ]?e king • pandulf sede ^e • 10,315 
pe pope of alle hor sunnes • asoile]? alle ]?e • 
Barons & kni^tes • ]?ewemen &; fre • 
Clerkes & lewede • ]?at fram ]?i seruise wol fle • 
Of sunnes ]?at hii abbe]? ido • ^uf hii wolle gode 

be • 
[502] & to sywi ]?is mansinge • & ]?e asojdinge al so • 10,320 
We asigne]? ]?e bissop • of winchestre ]?er to • 
& of nor]?wich here in engelond • & in scotlonde J?er 

to. 
Of roucetre & of salesburi • ]?e siwinge to do • 
In walls ]?e }?re bissopes • }?at be]? of }?e londe • 
poruout al cristindom • ]?e pope send er sonde • 10,325 
To erchebissops • & bissops • & tif]? ech poer • 
In is bissopriche }?e & ]?ine • to amansi ver &; ner • 
& of hor misdede • to asoyli alle ]?o • 
pat a^e ]?e vaste be]? • as godes fo • 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 707 

& siker J^ou be J^at kinges • & dukes al so • 10,330 
& eiies & barons • & kni^tcs J^er to • 
Habbe]? bi soutt ]?e pope • croiserie biginne • 
Vpe [|?e] & ]>me &5 hii wolle ]?i loncl winne • 
& deliueri it vp j^e pope • ]?at he is wille ssewe • 
& make king wan he wole • vor j^ou ast frend 
vewe • 10,335 

& we hote}> in is half • & he dep in his ende • 
Alle )?at cristine he]) • }>at hii vpe J^e wende • 
& asoilej; horn clene • of alle hor misdede • 
Wat mitte te more ssame • do me |;e king sede • 
& in sop'nesse we sege]? ]>e • pandulf sede j^o • 10,340 
pat ]?ou ne berst neuereft croune • ne J>in eir naJ?emo • 

• Johannes • fo!. U7. 

Ich ise wel qua]? ]>e king . pat ^e ne louie]? mc [5^3] 

nou^t • 
To binime me mi kinedom • me J^inc]? je abbe}; 

ip>ou^t • 
Ac bi him }>at made al J^c world • ^uf ich adde iwust 

]>is • 
po te verst come in ];is lond • ich ^ou wolde iwis • 
Habbe imad heie ride • al ]?is ^er longe • 10,34G 

As wel ];ou mi^t segge qua}; pandulf • };at ]>o\i vs wost 

abbe an honge • 
Wan ]70u seist qua]? ]?e king • ]?at ]?at was mi ]?ou^t • 
So gret louerd as ]70u art • Ine wi]?segge ])e nou^t • 
Ac ich sende to rome • to abbe help of ]?e • 10,350 
& of ]?e pope & is poer • & ^e be}? a^en me • 
pine cause qua}* pandulf • in ri^te & nou^t in won • 
We auauncie]? as in god > & louie]> ]>e inou • 
& vor ]?i loue hider we come • ]>e bet uor to lere • 
pat ]70u to god & to holichu-che • obeysant were • 
& ]»ou seist }'at ]?ou vs wost • habbe ilate an honge • 
Siker we ne wene]? of ]>e • non o]?er mede auonge • 
Ne in non o]?er entente • we hider ne come • 10,358 
Bote ]?at we vor holi churche • ]?un de]? of ]>e nome • 

Y Y 2 



708 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe king anon in \vra]?|'e • let jsrisouns vor}> bringe • 
pat uor ]7uf]?e were inome • & nor o]?er ]?inge • 10,361 
[504] & demde hom biuore pandulf • «fe let horn honge heye • 
As him vorto afere • ri^t biuore is eye • 
A clere |?at was among hom • ];e king het anon • 
pat me ssolde him honge • hecst of echon • 10,365 

Pandulf ]?ei he wende wel • himsulf to honge sone • 
Ne sparede he noli |peruore • to do wat was to 

done • 
In ])e popes half he sede • ich uorbede vpe mansinge • 
pat no man ne touchi ]>ulke clerc • to him to de]?e 

bringe • 10,369 

He esste boc & candle • ]>e sentence to do bliue • 
pe king ];o him wi]?drou • & let him gon aliue • 
&L vewe wordes ]>er were mo • & )?o al ]?is was ido • 
Mid such loue ]?e king & pandulf • departede a tuo • 
And ]>e king bileuede amansed • & ech ]?at mid him 

was • 
Pandulf wende to rome • & tolde al ]?is cas • 10,375 
pe pope & is cardinals • In ]>e yer of grace ywis • 
Tuelf hundred & |n-etene • ido was al J^is • 
pe pope tut him bi]70^te • ar he verrore nome • 
& alle ]7e bissops of engelond • let someni to rome • 

foi. 147 b. • loJiannes • 

Bote tueie o])er J>re • & abbodes al so • 10,380 

& grete clerkes to loki • wat were best to do • 
pe verste day of octobre • ]?is conseil bigan • 
Vor to trety of is lond • )7er was mani a man • 
pe pope & ]>e bissopes • amansede verst j^ere • 
Ion king of engelond • & alle ))at mid him were • 
[505] Fram daye to daye • hii dude ]?e mansinge • 10,386 
2uf hii mitie J?er |>oru • in amendement him bringe • 
A croiserie ]>o tut • hii ne made vpe him non • 
Vor ne adde enchesoun ibe • of manslatt manion • 
Ac ])e king of france • mid poer inou • 10,390 

poru leue of ]fe pope • hiderward him drou • 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 709 

So ]>at drede in eche half • was vpe }ns king Ion • 
Of mansinge & entredit • tSz; al so of is fon • 
Peris ]?e wise was a man • of poumfreit ibore • petrus 

Muche ]nng J^at su|?|7e vel • he sede offce biuore • 10,395 ^^^ 
So ];at he sede ]?at ]>e king • ne ssolde king leng be • 
pen holi ];orsdai at non • bote he wolde him bet bise • 
& a^e god & holi chiirche • amendi is misdede • 
Vor pis word |>e king was • wel in j^e more drede • 
At corf he let f'is peris • in strong prison bringe • 10,400 
Vorte he wuste of ]ns wo • wat were ]>e endinge • 
To rome gode messagers • to ]?e pope he sende • Missio 

Vort at en holichiirche • is trespas amende • 
Anon after easter • toward douere he drou • 
To wite ]>e hauene • mid poer inou • 10,405 

& gaderede of al engelonde • ]>e beste of ech toune • 
& were uorte holi ];oresday • vpe berhaundoune • berhaun- 

To kepe J'e king of franco • vor king Ion adde drede • 
Of mansinge & of pe word • |^at peris |;e wise sede • 
In ];e monjje of aueril • is messagers come • 10,410 

& pandulf ]?e legat wi]? hom • fram ]?e court of rome • 
Pandulf him sede anon • pat he amansed was • pandulf. 

pis lond to lese he & is • vor is vile trespas • 
pe king was nei for drede wod • vor wowe in ech ende • 
Laste ]?e king of fraunce • & mansing him ssolde 
ssende • 10,415 

& vor holi porsday was ney • pouttes he adde inowe • 
Leste pe deuelen of helle • al quic to helle him drowe • 
pe king suor vpe pe boc • & caucion vond god • 
pat he al clanliche • to pe popes loking stod • 

• Johannes • fol. 143, 

To amendi aten holichirche • al pat he adde misdo • 
& to vnderfonge pe erchcbissop • & to ^elde a^en al 
so . 10,421 

Him & oper bissopes • al pat he nom of hore • 
& al pat eni clerc adde • poru him oper his ilore • 

10,401. Vorte'] Vort he A. 



710 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& grantede alle |?e franchises • J^at hii adde biuore • 
At douere biuore al |?ut folc • pis dp was isuore • 10,425 
& ze heyemen of ]?is lond • vpe bok suore also • 
pat ^uf he wolde a^e ]?is op • eueremor out do • 
To turne alle a^en him • vort he to betere come • 
pe king made ek is chartre • to pe court of rome • 
To bicome pe popes man • & homage him do • 10,430 
& eche ter him here rente • & is eirs al so • 
[507] Eche zer a pousend marc • & nouit a verging lasse • 
Half to paye at estre • & half at misselmasse • 
Seue hundre[d] marc • to paye uor engelond • 
& walis & pre hundred marc • to paye vor irlond • 
Al wipoute petres peni • so pat he nom • 10,436 

pe croune of is heued • po holi porsdai com • 
& tok is pandulf pe legat • to ^elde him sulue y wis • 
To pe pope innocent • al clene & alle his • 
Of seinte peter & of him • & of is successours of rome • 
To holde euere engelond • & is eirs pat of him come • 
& 2uf eni king it wipsede • pat after him com • 10,442 
Anon vor pulke trespas • lore pe kinedom • 
& pus pleide pe king Ion • to him & alle his • 
Verst to lese normandie • & suppe to paye pis • 10,445 
po it was al siker inou • pat nouit nas bileued • : 
Pandulf nom pe croune aten • & sette vp on is heued • 
& pur was pe pes ymad • he lokede arst wel rowe • 
More uor eye pan vor loue • maniman seruep howe • 
After pe erchebissop • hii sende po anon. 10,450 

& after pe oper bissop ek • pat hii come hom echon •. 
[508] At winchestre at sein swiihines • po pe erchebissop 
co[m] . 
pe king was & pitosliche • aten him pun wey he nom • 
& ritt atte churche dore • he vel adoun akne • 
To pe erchebissopes fet • as put folc mitte ise • 10,455 
& sede leue fader • wel come mote pou be • 
God wot wuch is herte was • vor he nolde him no^t 

VTiwr[e] • 
pe erchebissop him asoilede • at is vet as he lay • 
& wende vp & song pe masse ' a seinte margrete day • 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER, 711 

pe king offrede him a marc • & ano]?er gywel J>er to- fol- l-^sb. 

Ac ];e entredit of |?is lond • nas nott ]>o ^ut vndo ' 

Vor l^e pope nolde it nout vndo • ar ]>e king ^olde • 

Al ]7at he of clerkes nom • wolde he so nolde • 10,4G3 

As he bi is lettres sende • & ^uf eni clerc vorteue out • 

pe king of snich mis niminge • |>at it were al uor 

no^t . 10,465 

So )?at at sein bartelraewes tid • ];e bissopes come • 
& ]?e erchebissop to westmunstre • & conseil J7er of 

nome • 
pere hii made ech clerc segge • wat him binome were • 
& ]>e king enquerede of is men • al wat hii awei bere • 
& J'O hii were al at on • he suor is o]> iwis • 10,470 
To ^elde at sein nicholas tid • at redinge ech man his • 
Ac ferlich it was iholde • vor pe hexte ]?er was ibrouit • [509] 
Somwat as uor hore del • & l^e pouerore nouit • 
Peris pe wise ]?at at corf • in prisoun po lay • Traicio 

Vor l^e king of scapede • holi ];orsday • 10,475 • P- ■*^''*^- 

Harmles me him nom • & mid hors to drou • 
& siippe anhunge him & is sone • at warham as mid 

wou • 
In ]?e ^er of grace tuelf hundred • & fourtene al so • 
A gTet conseil at londone • of bissopes was ido • 
& of l^e legat of rome • so ]?at pe king & he • 10,480 
Were pere so at on • as hii mitte bise • 
pat hii vndude pe entredit • a sein swithines day per • 
Wodnesday as was po • p>at adde ilast er • 
Six ter & p>re monpes • per was ioye inou • 
Me rong bellen in al pe toun • & vaste pe ropes drou • 
po pe king hadde pays • ate pe pope iwis • 10,486 

pe baldore he was uor to do • is barons amis • 
As in pe ler of grace • tuelf hundred & fiftene • 
Contek bigan bi tuene hom • & nott vor nott ich wene • 
Vor hor wiues & hor do^tren • p'e king ofte vorlay • Guerra 
& hangede men gultles • vor wra])pe al longe day • 10,491 ^^°'^"'"* 

10,470. he] j^eA. 
10,474. rorfl cors A. 



712 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& to drou & bileuede • ]>e barons in o J^ou^t • 
Nome hor conseil & sede • }?at hii nolde it ]7olie no^t • 
r.]oi Ne |?e lu|7er lawes J7at he Imld • ac bede him wi]?- 
^ ^ draws. 10,494 

Is lujjer wille & granti hom • l^e gode olde lawe • 
pat was bi seint edwardes day • & su]?]?e adoun ibro^t • 
pom him & ]?oru o}»ere • ]'at were of kij?er J?ou^t • 
pe king glosede her & \>er • & made it somdel tou^t • 
Ac ]'o it com to ]^e strcngj^e • he nolde it graimti 
nou^t . 10,499 

foi. 149. • Johannes • 

pe contesse isabel • |?at ]?erl mareschales doubter was • 
To gileberd erl of gioucestre • ispoiised was in J^is 
cas . 10,501 

Maister alixandre nequam • ]?at canon was er • 
Imad was of cirencestre • abbod j^ulke ^er • 
pe barons orne vpe king • mid hor poer so vaste • 
pat he made of j^e olde lawes • is chartre atte laste • 
To holde uor him & uor is eirs • & aselede is vaste 
inoii . 10,506 

Ac iin]>]>e as vnstable man • wi); sede & wi]? drou • 
& wanne him muche strange folc • of bitonde se • 
& some as god it wolde • ne come neuere ate • 
& largeliche hom ^ef inou • of is barones londe • 
& is castles aboute • tok hom vaste an honde • 10,511 
In diuerse contreies • tfe ];ut lond to bitraye • 
[511] Ordeinede ]?at hii ssolde • alle in one daye • 
& in one time wende out • ech in is side • 
& robbi so an oniwar • J^e contreie aboute wide • 
Ri^t al so it was ido • J?at in one time ri^t • 10,516 
Hii smite out of hor castles • larmed wel aplitt • 
& robbede ]?e contreies • al an oniwar • 
& of [orf] & tresour • made is sone bar • 
& wo so nolde aten hom • at hor wille fine • 10,5 20 
Hii barnde hous & o]7er god • & defoidede louerd & 
hine • 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 713 

Some at hor horsetaile • villiche hii to drowe • 

& some hii nome and tormentede • in diuerse tormens 

inowe • 
Xe l^at vil it is to telle • some hii lete honge - 
Bi hor membres an hey • in pines wel stronge • 10^525 
Vort hii adde fin imad • some deide vaste • 
& ]?iilke in priue chaumbres • villiche hii caste • 
& al a ter largeliche • j^is wrechede ilaste • 
& pe baron was wo inoii • so ];at atte laste • 
Hii wende & nome londone • ]>e boldore hii were 

]70 . 10,530 

pe king robbede bi norJ;e • & dude wel muche wo • 
So J>at ]>e barons sende • to Ipe king philip of france • Lowis. 
pat he hom sende socour • in j^is lu|?er destance • 
«fe bote he wolde oj^er do • ]?at he sende wi]? poer • 
Lowis is sone & hii wolde • make him king her • 
pis forewarde was vaste imad • so ]?at lowis com • 
Wi)? poer gret inoii • in to |?is kinedom • 10,537 

pe barons him dude homage • & some mid suikedom • [512] 
So ]?at of roueestre • j^e castel verst he nom • 

• lohannes • • Henricus • foi. 149 b. 

& worre was in to al jns lond • |7at longe wor]? in 
mone • 10,540 

pe sone was ate )?e fader • ])e fader aten ]ie sone • 
pe l^orsdai ]>e witesonewouke • to londone lowis com • 
& ]7at folc of ]>e toun • wi}:* gret honour him nom . 
pe castel he nom of ferham • 'pe friday ]7at is • 
Next after pe trinite • &; suppe he nom iwis • 10,545 
Winchestere aboute missomer • &; suppe he nom iwis • 
pe castel of odiham • & po he adde ido al pis • 
pe tour he nam of londone • & wan al pis soup- 
side • 
& euere robbede pe king Ion • in pe norp contreie 

wide • 
& dude pe londe wo inou • & more bihet • 10,550 

He ne brouite noit al to ende • ar here pat lif let • 

10546. ?2om] nonA. • 



714 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Obitus At newework he deide • a sein lukes day • 
^ ^' He was ihasted j^at vnne]?e • J>re dawes sik he lay • 
^uf eni man ]?er to help • god it him vortiue • 
Vor he adde er Jns lond • to muche wrechede idriue • 
In l^e ter of grace he deide • tuelf hundred & six 

tene • 10,556 

& seuentene ter he was king . & fif mon]?es ich 

wene • 
& fif dawes & J^at )?ou^te • mani man longe iwis • 
At wircetre in ]>g munstre • vaire ibured he is • 
[513] TJEnri was king imad • after is fader Ion • 10,560 
A sein simondes day & sein lude • at gloucestre 
anon • 
Coronacio." jsj'ye ler old he was Jjo • & in warde he was j^ere • 

& me nolde nouit J'at is crouninge • leng delaied 

were • 
per was ]?e legat of rome • & ]>e bissop of winchetre • 
pe bissop of chestre & of ba|7e • & ]?e bissop of wur- 

cestre • 10,565 

& ]>e erl willam ]>e marschal • & j^e erl of ferers • 
& j^e erl of penbroc • & ]>e erl • of storgoil J?at was so 

fers • 
pes crounede |?e ^onge king • J^ere as he founde was • 
Ac ]>e kinges home at gloucestere • & so mid glad pas • 
To )?e abbeie churche hii here him • ]?at of sein peter 

is . 10,570 

& offrede him as vor hor king • to ]>e heie wened 

iwis • 
pe o)7er erles & barons • mid lowis ]70 ^ut were • 
As hii vaste him bi hete • J>eruore hii nere nott ];ere • 
[514] po bigan }?er in ];is lond • a newe destourbance • 

Vor men loiiede bet hor kimde louerd • J^an lowis of 

france • 10,575 

poru conseil of holi churche • vndo ^ut hii Jw^te ? 
pe uore warde |?at hii made him • ];o hii him hider 

bro^te • 

10,577. pe] per A. 



ROBEUT OF GLOUCESTER. 715 

periiore j^e legat galon • & ])e barons of ]>ifi londe • 
A conseil hii made at martinmasse • at bristowe ich 
vnderstonde • 

• Henricus • f^i. i5o- 

pe legat ]^ere asoilede • heye & lowe al so • 10,580 
Of homage ]?at hii adde • ]?is lowis ido • 
He made ek seue bissops • vor nammo J'er nere • 
& erles & barons • & kni^tes suerie j^ere • 
Hokle o];es ]?e ^onge king • ]?at hii him treuj^e here • 
& amansede alle of engelond • ]?at a^en him were • 
Manie in hor bare fless • hom lete croici vaste • 10,58G 
To libbe uor him & deie • lowis out to caste • 
Heyemen of engelond • }»at mid lowis were • 
Vor kundede hor herte • to king henry here • 
So l^at anon to somere • hii gonne to vrne vaste • guerra. 

& ]>e eue of j^e trinite • hii mette hom atte laste • imcoime. 

A sein dunstones day • at lincolne iwis • 10,592 

& smite l^er an bataile • ]?at wel con]? is • 
Ac so it was J^at enghsse • ]7at mid Lowis were • [515] 

Toward king henri & is • muche hor herte bere • 
& ]>o it com to )7e streng]?e • hii fou^te feinteliche • 
& inome were of hor frend • & hii ^olde hom li^t- 
liche . 10,597 

So was ]>e erl of winchestre • sir saer de quinci • 
Inome & of hereforde • |;e erl sire henri • 
& sir Roberd le fiz water • & mani o]?er al so • 10,600 
& mani was ]>e gode bodi • ]?at ])ev was to de]'e 

ido • 
Vor ]?e longe erl of peithes • ]?im de]) J^ere nom • 
pat was iholde ^ong kni^t • J?e beste of cristendom • 
He nas ]>o bote of ]?retti ^er • ]?e erl marchal him 

slou • 
"Wan tueye stronge come]? to gadere • it is somdel 
toil . 10,605 

po lowis hurde telle • ^at is men bine]?e were • 
He wende him to londone • & hnld him vaste ]?ere • 



716 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Socour fram bi^onde se • to abide in Jjulke place • 
Tuelf hundred ^er & seuentene • ]>is was of ^er of 

grace • 
So ]7at gret poer of france • dude horn in ]?e se • 
Aboute an hundred ssipuol • ac hii ne come no^t alle 

a^e . 10,611 

Capcio in Vor sir Richard fi^ le rei • ]7e kinges sone Ion • 
& sir huber de boru • & o]?ere kni^tes manion • 
& |7e sink pors scarseliche • mid ssipes ei^tetene • 
& ^eue horn bataUe • in j^e se • l^at was sone isene • 
Vor sir Eustas ]>e moine • was l^ere to dej^e ido • 
& mani o|?er of france • & ]7er were inome al so • 
Ten grete lou^erdinges • & oj'ere manion • 10,618 

So ]>at inome oj^er aslawe • oJ?er adreinct hii were 

echon • 



man 



[516] 



fol, 150 b. 



• Henricus • 



recesBus 
lowis. 



To ]>e castel of douere • me ladde J'at were inome • 
po was ]>e frensse poer • as here ouercome • 10,621 
po p'outte lowis ]>a,i is poer • him moste nede faile • 
& ]>e englisse preste were • londone vp him asaile • 
So ]?at me spac of acord • vor ]>e baronie • 
Vor loue him brotte hiderward • & j^at was cortesie • 
& ]>e king him tef ten ];ousend marc • vor is mes- 

chaunce • 10,626 

& he as in gode leue • wende hom to fraunce • 
Sir Richard fiz le rei • of wan we speke biuore • 
Gentil man was inou • j^ei he were abast ibore • 
Vor ]?e erles doutter of wareine • is gode moder 

was • 10,630 

& is fader ]?e king Ion • & bi^ete him a porchas • 
Sire morisse of berkeleye • weddede su]?)?e bicas • 
Is doiter & bi^et on hire • J?e kni^t sir tomas • 
po ]?is lond j^oru gode.s grace • to god pays was 

ibroit • 
Vor to abbe J^e olde lawes • j^e heiemen tuinde hor 

]70^t . 10,635 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 717 

Tuelf hundred in j^e ^er of grace • it was & ei;te- 

tene • 
pat wi}7 |;e ^onge king . hii speke ]?at was isene • 
Vor to abbe as we sede er • l^e gode okle lawe • [517.] 

pe king made is chartre • & grantede it wel vawe • 
pe gode lawes of forest • & o|)ere }?at wule were • 
pe legat & |>e ercliebissop • amansede yo pere - 10,G41 
& alle \>e bissopes of ]>is lond . alle );at J?er were ate • 
pe legat ])o it was aceled . wende uor]> ouer se • 
& pandulf com in is stede • & fram lere to tere • 
Me amansede alle ]?oy\i )?e lond • ]?at a^e J?e chartre 

were • 10,645 

Tuelf hundered as in ^er of gi-ace • & nintene ich 

vnderstonde • 
pe eire of iustize wende • aboute in )?e londe • 
& sir hubert de boru was • hext Justice of al j^e 

route • 
& ]>ere Jjis gode lawes . hii despeplede al aboute • 
pe olde queue ysabel • );e kinges moder henri • 10,650 Sponsacio 
Hir let to J?e erl of )7e march • |?ulke ^er spousi • "^^^^"^ 

& willam marchal deide |?o • )?at longe worb in ^^^'°^' 

mone • 
& atte nywe temple was • ibured at londone • 
per after at westmunstre • ar pe baronie bi sai • 
Hii crounede ]>e king ari^t • a witesoneday • 10,655 Coronacio 
It was as in J^e ^er of grace . & tuelf hundred &; '■^^''• 

tuenti 2er • 
&; as in je ver};e ^er • |7at he verst croune ber • foi. 151. 

pe newe wore of wesmunstre . J;e king bigan bo 

anon • 
After is crouninge • & leide ]?e uerste ston • 
pe king wende ]>o to canterbury . & ye heiemen al [518] 

«o • 10,660 

To nime vp sein tomas body • & in to ssrine do • Translacio 

Arst he adde ileye an erj^e • vnssrined vifti ler • ^^^^^^ 

Of engelond & of fraunce • so muche folc J>er con/^^""^' 

]?er • 



718 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pat alle contreye aboute • vnnej^e auonge it miite • 
peruore hii nome liim vp • priueliche bi nitte • 10,6G5 
Incepcio pe nexte ter j^er after • as in J^e ter of grace • 

Tuelf hundred & to & tuenti • in ];e vaire place • 

Of ]}e noble munstre of salesburi • hii leide j^e uerste 

ston • 
pat me not in cristindom • vairore work non • 
per was pandulf ]?e legat • & as hext of echon • 
He leide vine ])q verste stones • as uor ]>e pope ]>\it 
on . 10,671 

pe o]?er uor vr tonge king • j^e ]?ridde as me sey • 
Vor J>e gode erl of salesburi • willam ]>e longespei • 
pe verj^e uor j^e contesse • ])& uifte he leide ];o • 10,674 
Vor ]?e bissop of salesburi • & he ne leide nammo • 
Ortus ri- p6 nexte ^er J'er after was • Richard of clare ibore • 
cardi clare. pat was erl of gloucetre • after is fader ]?at was biuore • 
pe ^ongore willam ]>& marschal • J'at erl marschal 

was • 
Spousede ]?e kinges soster • as god ^ef |^ut cas • 
As in tuelf hundred ^er of grace • &) foure &5 tuenti 
]?er to • 10,680 

Su]?]?e sir simond de mounfort • spousede hire al so • 
faukes. Faukes de breute • J?at in engelond was longe • 
[519] -[yj.^ king Ion & adde of him • bedeuorde auonge • 

He astorede ])e castel ]mlke ^er • wel J^oru alle j^inge • 
& sette ]>er uolk inou • to holde him ate ]>e kinge • 
pe king & heiemen of ]>e lond • mid strengj^e & mid 
ginne • 10,686 _ 

& bilaye |>e castel longe • ar hii him mi^te iwinne • 

10,674. contesse'] contasse C. 

10.677. yloucetrel gloucestre C. )>a< ivas'] om. C. 

10.678. ''yonyore'] ^onge C. marschal'] marchal C. 

10.679. Spousede] spoused C. 

10.680. As in .... yr] tuelf hundred in J>e ^er C. 

10.682. breute] brute C. engelond] engelonde C. 

10.683. bedeuorde] dedeforde C. auonge] afonge C. 

10.684. Jje castel] Jjulke castel C. alle] eche C. 

10.686. heiemen of\>e lond] his kny^tes C. 

10.687. cV] om. C. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 719 

Hii nome him ]>o mid strengj^e • j^eruore as ri^t was • 

Four score gode kniites • hii an henge alas • 

& sir faukes broj^er • sir willam de breute • 10,690 

In gibet hii were anhonge • as to more vilte • 

A seinte marie day in heruest • f'at reu]?e it was to se • 

& so hii mitte lerni • traitour to be • 

• Henricus • fol. I5ib. 

Sir faukes |?at fleu aboute • wide gan to fle • 
Atte laste he was ifounde • in ]?e churcde of couentre • 
pe churche sauede is lif • ac villiche inou • 10,69G 

He uorsok J^e kinges lond • & to is owe contrei drou • 
po was ]^e king him ];o^te • quit of al is fon • [522] 

Of god stat to ]>Q lond • he spek ]70 anon • 
Vor ]7e gode olde lawes • of wan we abbe]? ispeke • 
He confermede vaste ]70 • ]7at me ne ssolde it breke • 
& made J^er of chartres • on ich vnderstonde • 10,702 
Of ]fe forest &; ano]?er • of franchise of ]>& londe • 
& aselede is boj^e • & ]?e erchebissop p'ere • 
& o]>ev bissops amansede • alle ]7at }?er a^en were • 
It was tuelf hundred lev of grace • & fiue & tuenti 
l^ere • 10,700 

per uore J'e men of |?is lond • gTet raunson him bere • 

10.689. Four score gode'] Aboute an foure score C. 

10.690. breute] brute C. 

10.692. heruest] harueste C. 

10.693. traitour] traitours C. 

10.693. After this C inserts — 

pe let Jjo \>ane castel fulle acloun eche ston 

pat wal ne tour ne oj^er >yng ne stod ]>er neuere eft non. 

10.694. Sir] Sire C. feu] wende C. 

10.696. ac] C; at A. villiche] filliche C. 

10.697. uorsok] forswor C. 

10.698. him \>oyte quit] quyt hym }>oute C. al] alle C. 

10.700. wan] wham C. 

10.701. confermede] confermed C vaste'] furst C. 

10.703. fi'anchise] fraunchises C. 

10.704. aselede is] aseled hit C. 

10.705. \>er] I^ar C. 

10.706. It loas tuelf] As in }>e tuelf C. tuenti] tuenti^e C. 

10.707. \>e 711671 of\>is] men of >e C. 



720 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe vifte]7e peni of al hor god • & Llake mones iwis . 
Vnder al to ]?ousend marc • him ^eue nor al ]>is • 
& ])e giwes vif |?oiisend marc • iconfermed it was 
vaste . 10,710 

& tut as me ssal ihure • lute wule it laste • 
King lowis of fraunce • & willam ]>& longespei • 
pe eldore deide su]?J?e • as in o^er ney • 
& after king lowis com • is lioli sone lowis • 10,714 
& after him com is sone • willam |>at was so wis • 
pe gode erchebissop steuene • bro^te is lif to fine • 
As in tuelf hundred ^er of grace • & tuenti & nine • 
& maister Richard }e grant • in is stede was ido • 
& wende uorj? to rome • to sacri him ]?er to • 
[523] pe king wende to brutaine • mid gret ost ]?ulke ^er • 
Vor to winne aten ]>mg • j^at is fader les er • 10,721 
Ac he wende horn a^en • in ]>e uerste ^ere • 
& bileuede |?e erl marschal • & ]>e erl of chestre J^ere • 
obitus Gil- Vor to winne is ri^tes • uor him sulf lute he wan • 
berti Clare, j^ brutaine deide Jjo • Gilebert ]>e nobleman • 10,725 
Erl of gloucetre & richard • is ^onge sone was ]>o • 
In J;e kinges warde uor he was • of ei^te ^er & nammo • 
& sir peris de roches • bissop of wincestre • 
pe king ^ef ]?e warde of him • & of ]>e erldom of 

gloucestere • 
Richard erl of cornwaile • ]>e nexte ^er after j^is • 10,730 
As in tuelf hundred ^er of grace . & on & ]?ritti iwis • 



10.708. hor yod] bore goude C. viones'] monakes C. 

10.709. Jtiarc] marke, C. 

10.710. 7narc'] marke C. 

10.711. lute ivuW] lite while C. 
10,713. oyer'] one ^er C. 

10.715. after him'] after -willam C. was] is C. 

10.716. bro-yte] brout C. 

10.717. Asiji] om. C. 

10.724. sulf lute he wan] sulue lite wan C. 

10.725. Gilebert] gilbeld C. 
10,72G. (/loucetre] gloucestre C. 

10.728. peris] pires C. 

10.729. Sc of\>e] & \>e C. 



ROBEKT OF GLOUCESTER. 721 

He spousede ])q contesse ysabel • j^at ];e childes moderfol. 152. 

was • 
Willam ]?e erl marschal deide • ]?ulke ^er alas • 
& at londone was ibured • & Richard is bro]?er • 
Vnderueng J^e eritage • vor he nadde eir non o]7er • 
pe king him vaire vnderueng • & ]?e erldom of pen- 

broc . 10,736 

& al is oj^er eritage • wel vaire him tok • 
Randulf |7e noble erl of chestre • deide svi]>]>e al so • Obitus 

As in tuelf hundred ter of o-race • & bretti & to • comitis 

70 y cestne. 

Sir hubert de boru • erl of kent • |7e noble iustise • narracio 
pat as ]7e kinges poer . hadde an alle wise • 10,741 ^uberti 
Acused was to ]>e king • of mani luj^er prise • 
So ]?at he was in prison • in ]?e castel of ]?e vise • 
& was bitake four erles • to witie wi|;oute faile • 
pe erl of wareine & Richard • erl of cornwaile • 10,745 
& Richard ]?e marschal • & ]?e erl of chestre Ion • 
So ]^at hii founde kni^tes • ech of horn on • 
To witie him in prison • & lut uor echon • [524] 

He of scapede to churche • as him j^oite best won • 
Wi]? streng|;e he was out idrawe • & si\]>])e to ];e 
castel • 10,750 

Of scorgoil he was ilad • & iwust j^ere wel • 
Vor he was of churche inome • ]>o clergie bispek it vaste • 
So ]?at he was ]7oru J7e pope • deliuered atte laste • 



10.732. He'} orn. C. spousede'] spoused C. 

10.733. Willam >e erl marschal] Erl Willam marcbal C. 

10.735. 'Vnderueng'] Vnderfenge C. 

10.736. vnderueng] vnderfenge C. 

10.738. >e noble] ova. C. 

10.739. 171] ova. C. 

10.740. Sir] ova. C. 

10.741. as] alle C. an] & C. 

10.744. §• was] om. C. ivitie] wite C. 

10.745. erl] & \>e erl C. 

10.748. witie] Avite C. 

10.749. of scapede] of scaped C. 

10.750. Wil> .... idraive] out of churche be was y nome C. 

10.751. scorgoil] storgoil C. iivust \>ere] j'kept ful C. 

10.752. 10,753, omitted in C. 

Z Z 



722 THE chroniclp: of 

.s. segraue. Sire steuene of segraue was • imad ]>o hci iustise • 

In sire hubertes stiide de boru • ]mt lond wel to 

Avise • 10,755 

po sprong ]7er a gret contek • & strong ]?orii out al • 
Bituene vr king henri • & richard ]7e marsehal • 
& sir gilberd basset &; sir ricliard stiward ]?er to • 
Vor to nor sir hubert de boru • & uor |?e bissop al 

so • 
Of winchestve sir peris de roclies • uor j;e king as 

me sede • 10,760 

Dede J?oru is conseil • mani lu]?er dede • 
As in tuelf hundred ^er of grace • & j^ritti & J're • 
Ate ]?is jn-e louerdinges • }?e king gan luj^er to be ■ 
Destruede hor londes ouer al • & dude horn ssame 

inou • 
Ac ]>e erl Richard ]?e niarsschal • soffrede euere 

inou • 
& vaire ]>e king bisende • ];at he him ssolde wi|> 

drawe • 10,766 

Bi men of religion • & al nas wur]> an haAve • 
po ])ev nas oj'er red • he wende to walls • 
& ber him ]?ere vaire inou • & lute dude amis • 
fol. 152 b. Vor J>e kinges londes ];er • he mitto abbe al de- 

strud • 
Ac vor he ne dude is felawes • were wel sore anuid • 
Ac sire gilebert basset • & sir Richard syward • 10,772 
Hii destruede j^ere vaste inou • & su]?]7e hiderward • 



10,755. stude] stede C. htf] )>' C. 

10.758. stiward'] siward C. 

10.759. Vor to vor'] Furst for C. 

10.760. Of whicliestre] om. C. 

10.762. As ... . yer] As tuelf hundred in ]oe xer C. 

10.763. louerdinges] lordlynges C. 
10,7 04. JDcstritede] & destrude C. 
10,765. \>e 7))itrsscli(d] marchall. C. 

10.770. al] om. C. 

10.771. Ac] & C. wel] om. C. 

10.772. Ac] As C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 723 

pe kinges conseilors londes • hii destriiede mid hor 

tayle • 
Ac ]>e bissop of wincliestre • & ]?e erl of cornwaile • 
&5 nameliclie }?e bissops • vor sir Richard siward C-^^uj 

vaste • 10,77G 

Barnede is courtes oueral • & walles adoiin caste • 
So J?at maister edmund • of abendone was • 
Erchebissop of canterbury • as god sende J^at cas • 
As tuelf hundred in ^er of grace • & four & ])retti 

also . 10,780 

pis holi man seint edmund • in suich poer was ido • 
po wende Richard ]?e marschal • ]^at of penbroc erl 

was • 
Into irlonde to worri • in lu]?er time alas • 
Vor ];oru treson of is owe men • to bataile he wende 

adai • 
So )?at J?e ost of is fon • ouer muche he sai • 10,785 
& muche of is owe folc • bigan vor to fle • 
Sire qua); ]?o ]>o kniit • );ou most j^e bi se • 
pou sucst ]?is folc ouer muche • ]>&t a^e ]>e is • 
& ]?in owe ouer lute • betere it is iwis • 
As me )?inc]? turne a^e • uort god sende betere iwon • 
Vor vr i)oer is to lute • a^e ]7us manie fon • 10,791 
Wat seiste qua]? ]ns gode erl • wan richard ]>e mars- 
chal • 
Vpe is stede iarmed is « & atiled Jjoru out al • 
& toward is fon in ];e feld • ha]? is wombe iwent * 
Ssold he turne horn is rugh • he nas neuere so issent • 
Vor he ne dude it neuere • ne neuere iwis ne ssal • 
Fram such ssendnesse crist ssulde • Richard ]?e mar- 

ssal . 10,797 



10,775. Ac .... erl] As K bischopes of wyncostre & J>e erles C. 
10,777. walles] his wallis 0. See Appendix, Note VV. 

10.779. sende] %ei C. 

10.780, 10,781, omitted in C. 

10.787. i>o J)o] his one (o;- one) C. 

10.788. sucst] suxst C 

10,795. is rugh] his rygge C. issoit] isehende C. 

z z 2 



724 THE CHRONICLE OF 

As noble bodi in he smot • he nolde longe abide • 
He sloii to groimde her & ];er • vaste in ei}?er side • 
More prowesse ne mi^te • of o bodi be • 10,800 

pan me miite of richard • ])e marschal ]7ere ise • 
[526] Hii ne mi^te him one felle • al l?at to him drowe • 
Ar hii mid som felonie • is stede vnder him slowe • 
& iut ne mitte hii him ouercome • ar on him smot 

bicas • 
In aboute ]>g fondement • as he vnarmed was • 10,805 
& so vp toward ]>e gottes • & jais was of lif dawe • 
Richard J?e marchal ibro^t • & J'oru treson aslawe • 



foi. 1 53. • Henri\cus\ • 

At kildar he was aslawe • ]?at in yrlonde is • 
&; at \e frere prechors ibured • at kilkenni iwis • 
Dolor regis po vr king henri • hurde of is de]? telle • 10,810 

pro morte. ^ ^^ -^^ prowesse j^at he dude • ar me him mi^te 
quelle • 
& he vnderstod of is wit • »fe of is wisdom • 
Him Jjoite it was a gret lere to al is kinedom • 
Vor is de]; he made deol inou • k> vor is soule he let 

do- 
Almesdede manion • & mani masse al so • 10,815 

Is bro]?er sir gileberd • ]?at eir was of \q lond • 
He bitok mid gode wille • ]?e eritage an hond • 



10,798. longe] lenge C. 

10.800. o] one C. 

10.801. miyte'] myjte Jjer a dai C. Kre] om. C. 

10.802. one] ones C. felle\ falle C. 

10.803. mid .... sloive] his Steele vnder hym myd felonye slow C. 

10.805. ahoute] at C. 

10.806. was'] -was he C 

10.807. \>e] om. C. treson] tresun C. 

10.808. kildar] tildar C. 
10,811. be] om. C. 

10.813. lere] lure C. 

10.814. Vor .... inou] he made for hjmi del y nou C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. rio 

Sir steuene de see-raue • bat is hey lustise was • Capcio .s. 

He let nime & in prison do • vor he wuste of ]?is "^ ° 

cas • 
& concentede as me sede • to ]>e hij^er treson • 10,820 
He let al so uor is loue • deliueri of prison • hberacio 

'■, . mcarccra- 

Sir hubert de born & oj^ere • ]?at in prison were tomm. 

ido • 
& horn ]?at iweiued were • is pes he ^ef al so • 
& hii a sein swithines eiie • of Inn ]7e verste day • 
To him come at gloiicetre • as mani man isay • 10,825 
Vn hosed & bareuot • & vngurt al so • 
Hor amies to ]>e elbowe naked • hor hened bar ]7er 

to- 
Hii velle to ])e kinges fet • & merei him criede vaste • 
pe king ne mi;te ]>o uorbere • ]>a,t he ne wep atte 

laste • 
& bigan nei vor pite • isuowe vpri:^t toumbe • 10,830 [527] 
Bote as j^e erl of hereforde him huld • & sir geffrey 

of crancoumbe • 
po he it mi^te uor deol do • he nom horn in is 

hond • 
& custe hom wi]? milde herte • & ^ef horn al hor 

lond • 
po was l^e bissop of winchestre • & sir peris doriual • petms 
Kemued ]?oru seint edmund ■ out of ]>& court al • '^"^^ ' 

& to late ];ou^te mani man • uor god is wel to do • 
Maister roberd groce teste • ]?ulke ^er w as also • groce teste. 



10.818. segraue'] sagraue C. 

10.819. 7wne .... c?o] do in prison C. 

10.824. Iim] luin C. 

10.825. gloucetre] gloucestie C. 

10.826. vngurt] vngurd C. 

10.827. to \>e elbowe naked] bar to \>G albowe C. 

10.828. Iwii] om. C. 

10.829. Ijo] om. C 

10.830. isuowe] isowe C. toumbe] coumbe C. 

10.833. wi)>] myd C. al] om. C. 

10.834. winchestre] wyncetre C. 
10,836. god is wel] godes -wille C. 



726 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Isacred bissop of lincolne • of seint edmiind at red- 

inge • 
Seint edmund |?o at canterburi • spoiisede to vr kinge • 
pe erles dotter of prouence • elianore to wiue • 10,840 
Tuelf hiindi^ed as in ^er of grace • & J^retti & fiue • 
Sir henri of alimaine • ]?e erles sone of cornwaile • 
pulke ter ibore was • al so wi]?oute faile • 
Sir simond de mounfort • of wan gret munde is • 
As in tuelf hundred lev of grace • & seuene & ];retti 

ywis • 10,845 

Elianore }'e kinges soster • willamos loue }^e marschal • 
Contesse of penbroc spousede • god womman |?oru out 

al- 

foi. 153 b. • Henrlcus ' 

pe erl of gloucestre ]7ulke ter • Richard }^at was so 

bold • 
pe erles dotter of lincolne • spousede jjat het mold • 
po com ])e legat sir otes • to engelond fram rome • 
& made a conseil at londone • to wan ];e bissopes 

come • 10,851 

& su]?]:'e he wende to oxenford • to \iq abbeie of 

oseneye • 
& )?ere clerkes him made • climbe somdel heye • 
As tueif hundred in ^er of grace • & eitte & }>ritti 

p'er to • 
To him hii wende to oseneie • hor nedes uor to do • 
[528] So ]'at on of is men • a sein gregories day • 10,856. 

Caste bro]; up a clerc • as ]mt folk it sai • 



10,841. in i^er] in Jie ^^er C. 

10.844. wan'] wham C. 

10.845. As in] om. C. tuelf] tuel C. 

10.846. )>e viarschal] maichal C. 

10.851. a] an C. wan] -whain C. 

10.852. §•] om. C. 

10.853. J>erc] J;e C. him iiiade] made hym C. 

10.854. tuelf] tuel C. in jcr] om. C. 
10,857. as ^utfolk it sai] as mnny on ysai C. 



ROBERT 01'^ GLOUCESTER. 727 

Clerkes come ],nkkc \)o ■ in gret wraj^j^e inowe • 

& asailede p'O legat • & on of is men slowe • 

In to ]>e stepel of oseneye • ];e legat fleu vor fere • 

Is men mid strokes fiowe al so • & of ]?outte hii come 

}?ere. 10,861 

Su]?j7e ]?o it com to pes • & folie bilened was • 
pe legat esste amendement • of ]?e vil trespas • 
So Jjat vor |7e manslait • & uor |?e oj^er won • 
pe clerkes finede wij? liim • gret raunson inou • 10,865 
pat ech clerc in ])e tonne • him lei' atten ende • 
As muclie as he in \?e wouke • in is connnnne 

spende • 
pe king sir simond de montfort • ]'e erldom lei' & 

his • 
A candelmasse day ]>o • of leicestre iwis • 
In ]?e kinges chaumbre at wodestoke • attc welle 

was . . 10,870 

A clerc ifounde wonderliche • Jailke ter bi cas • 
He made him as bi wit • so ]?at it was ifonnde • 
pat it was bi speke to sle J^e king • wan he sei 

stounde • 
To couentre he was isend • todrawe he was j^ere • 
& a four half engelond • is quarters isend were • 10,875 
pe kinges eldoste sone • sir edward ibore was • ortus 

A seint botulfes tid • as god ^ef j^ut cas • ' cdwaidi. 

Tuelf hundred as in ^er of grace • &5 nine & jnitti 

ri^t • 
pat su\)]>e vr king was • & so noble kni^t • 



10,860. fleiq flei C. 

10.862. >//e] felhe C. 

10.863. o/J>e] of so C. 

10,865. finede ivl\>'\ fyned luyd C. 

10.868. sir .... )e/] ^ef sire syniond dc moufort C 

10.869. o/] H eildom of C. 

10.872. hi juit] bi witt/d C. 

10.873. Yat .... hiwj'] bi spechc to sic he kyng C. wan~\ whimiie C. 
10,877. ^] At C. W] V C. 



728 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Obitus 
comitisse. 

[529] 



fol. 154. 



Obitus 

sancti 

cdmundi. 

terra 
sancta. 



Sir Richard erl of cornwaile • jjiilke ^er wencle al so • 
At missomer to |?e holi lond • & mani god kni^t 
]>ev to. 10,881 

per after in leniuer • Isabel is wif • 
Contesse of gloucestre let • at bercamstude ]?at lif • 
Ibured heo was at beulu • & ir herte ibured is • 
At teukesbui'i & ir gottes • at messendene iwis •10,885 
po sprong ]>eY gret contek • bituene lienri vr king • 
&) ]>e erchebissop seint edmund • & no^t vor lute 



\nncr 



• Henricus • 
king ]?o he adde iwiued 



& an eir adde al 



Vor j^e 

so • 
He drou to o]?er conseil • J'an he was iwoned to do • 
&L of ])G rittes of holichurche • &; of ]?e gode olde 

lawe . 10,890 

pat he adde of is chartre ymad • he him gan wij> 

drawe • 
Seint edmond pitosliche • wel ofte him bi sou^te • 
pat he wij^drowe of is dede • & bet him bi |;o^te • 
Ac it was euer Jje leng ]>e wors • so ]?at atte laste • 
Seint edmond him huld stedeuast • & amansede vaste • 
AUe j?at holichurche • in suich vnri^t bro^te • 10,896 
&; wende uor]? ouer se • vort p'e king him bet bij^o^te • 
& deide ar he come ate • & ibured was ek ]?er • 
As in ter of grace • tuelf hundred & fourti ^er 
po Richard erl of cornwaile • to }>e holi lond com • . 
pe soudan somdel uor fere • Triwes wi]? him nom • 
& alle prisons & sarazins ]?at in he]?enesse were • 
Inome & in prison ido • he deliuerede him |?ere • 10,903 



10,881. hiiyf} kny^tes C. 

10,884. Aeo] om. G. beulu] beulew C. 

10,886. he7iri'} om. C. 

10,888. Jpo] om. C. 

10,895. edmond'] om. A ; edmunde C. stedeuast] stable C. 

10,899. yr] >e )er C, 

10.902. prisons Sf- sarazms] i>e prisons slauynb C. 

10.903. him] hom C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 729 

At ]?e torment of wareine • sir gilebert j^e marschal • 
Defouled was ];oiti mesauntre • & debrused al • 10,905 Obitus 
& deide as tuelf hundi'ed ter • & fourti & on • marsca 

Of grace & ]>o were dede • ]?e four bre]?eren echon • 
As )7e tueie willames & ricbard • & gileberd atten 

ende • 
& god nolde non of bom • eir of is bodi sende • -x- soiores 

Ac to four sostren & hor eirs • ]>e eritage was |?o • 
To deled & to gadere • ne com]? neuer eft mo • 10,911 
Elianore of brutaine • deide ek J^ulke ^er • [o3o] 

pat was ar]7ures soster • |7at king Ion let sle er • 
Su];]?e was gileberd ibore • ]?at richardes sone was • Ortiis gil- 
Of clare erl of gloucestre • as god ^ef ]?ut cas • 10,915 ^[^^.^ 
As tuelf hundred in ^er of grace • & pre & fourti 

]?er to • 
po was is fader verst of elde • & out of warde ido • 
Erchebissop of canterburi • imad Avas ]7ulke ^er • 
Boneface • & j?e erl of cornwaile • of wan we speke 
er. 10,919 

Weddede dame ssencbe • ]?at vr quene soster was • 
& ]>G quene soster of france • as god ^ef ]7ut cas • 
& J7e erles dorter of prouince • & ir moder j^e con- 

tesse • 
Brou^te hire hider in to ]?is lond • k was her in giad- 

nesse • 
Fouke basset was su]7]7e imad • bissop of londone • 
& sein Richard of chichestre • & edmond pQ kinges 
sone . 10,925 



10,904. At \>e torment] at comemet C. loareine] ware C. gilebert 

\>e marschal'] gilberd erl marchal C. 
10,906. as tuelf] in tuelf C. -^er] jer of grace (originally) A. 
10,907-10,909. See Appendix, Note WW. 

10.913. Vat was] at brystowe C. 

10.914. )>at . . . . ivas] of clare >at was C. 

10.915. Of clare] Su>>e C. 

10.916. yer] J>e )er C. 

10.919. ivan] wham C. 

10.920. ssenche] sebenche C. 
10,924. SMjjJ'e] om. C. 



730 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Ibore was amidde leneiier • & in ^er of grace iwis • 
Tuelf hundred & foure & fourti • idon was al |?is • 

fol. 154 b. • Henricus • 

Su]7]?e deide j'e olde quene • bi^onde pe se wijjoute 

faile • 
pat vr kinges moder henri was • & ]>e erl of corne- 

waile • 
Hir sone bigan to rere • ]>e abbeie of hailes • 10,930 
As in ier of grace tuelf hundred • & six & fourti iwis • 
pe erles sone of gloucestre • beues was su]-']7e ibore • 
& newe peni chaunge imad • & ]>e olde bileued biuoi-e • 
&i er]?grine strong inou • aboute leinte al so • 
Tuelf hundred as in lev of grace • & seuene & fourti 

)?er to . 10,935 

pe nexte lev |jer after • ])e gode king lowis . 
Of france to ]'e holi lond • wende & ];oru paris • 
Bareuot eode & open heued • & ]?en holi wey bigan • 
Wi|> procession of freres • & of mani god man • 
[531] & ]>G nexte lev su]?]?e • as me telle can • 10,940 

pe stronge cite of damiet • vpe saracens he wan • 
As tuelf hundred in lev of grace • & fourti & nine • 
pulke gode lowis • is nou seint • & ileid in ssrine • 
pe erles doubter of gloucetre • ibore was ];ulke ter • 
Margrete & dame ssenche • of wan we speke er • 
pe nexte lev J?er after • a seinte steuenes niit • 10,946 
edmundi As tuelf hundred »fe fifti • in lev of grace viit • 

couiitis 

coruubie. 

10,926. )er] l>e )er C. 

10.928. hese] se C. 

10.929. henri'] om. C. erl"] erls C. 

10.930. Hir .... rere] pe erl of cornewail bi gau C. 

10.931. As ... . hundred] Tuelf huudred in \>e yx of grace C. 
10,935. as] om. C. 

10.938. eode] ^ede C. open heued] openhcde C. )'(-'«] hauc C. 

10.939. god] a goude C. 

10.941. cite] om. C. damiel vpe] damyot vp C. 

10.942. yr] )>e ^er C. 

10.943. ssenche] schenche C. ivan] wham C. 
10,947. \cr] he yx C. 



IIOBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 731 

An sone adde ibore • )?at edmond iliote was • 

pat spousede )?ulke margrete • suj?j7e as god 2ef |?at 

cas • 
& was eii of cornwaile • I'ulke ler al so • 10,950 Occisio 

per was in |;e holi lond • strong bataile ido • o f j • 

xVt seinte marie tid in leinte • & ]?e beste kniites |>at 

]>ev were • 
Of cristinmen alas • aslawe were ]'ere • 
As sir willam de longespey • & ]>e erl of artois al so • 
&> ])e king lowis was inome • & in prison ido • 10,955 
Vort he was out iboutt • mid raunson of is lond • 
& damiet i ^olde a^en • in to liej-ene manne hond • 
pe king ^ef sir edward is sone • gascoine sn]7]?e a] so • 
As in tuelf hundred ler of grace • & fifti & tuo • 
pulke ^er was ]?ut somer • so druye & so hot • 10,960 Estas 
pat tut to ]>is daye • of none hattore me not • cahda. 

Sein Richard of chichestre • & roberd iwis • 
Groce teste deide • ]?e nexte tev after j^is • 
Su]7];e vr queue of engelond • & ir sone sir edward • 
& ]7e bissop water of wircetre • tarkede hom ouerward • 
& to makie mariage • wendc hom ouer se • 10,966 [532] 



• Henrilcus] • foi. i 



00. 



& sir edward spousede • ar hii come a?e • Edwardus 

^ 7 . spoil sat 

pe kinges soster of spaine • elianore iwis • vxorem 

As in ^er of grace • ido was al j?is • 10,969 his'pauie^& 

Tuelf hundred & four & hfti • & bere bis noble king • sororem al- 
Made sir edward kni^t |?o • nobliche ]?oru alle ]?ing • casteller 

10.948. An .... ihore\ bi hare lord hadde ;in soue C. 

10.949. \!at spousede'] & spousede C. 

10.952. AQ A C. J'e] J>at \>e C. K7ihytes'] om. C. 

10.953. Of cristhimen^ kuyjtes of cristencmen C. 

10.957. manne'] maunes C. 

10.958. pe hhig] oure kyng C. 

10.959. As ... . jer] As tuelf luindred in K' ycr C. 

10.960. was Yut somer] >e somer was C. 

10.961. hattore] hattor C. 
10,965. wircetre] wircestre C. 
10,969. yer] }>e ^er C. 



732 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



Crucifixio 
pueri lin- 
colnie. 

Ricai'dus 
coronatus 
in Ali- 
mainia ? 



Occisio s. 
bausein. 



Proui- 
dencia 
oxonie. 



pe nexte ter j^er after • giwes a child in drowe • 
At lincolne ]7at het hue • & in J^e rode him slowe • 
pe eii Richard of cornwaile • su)?]?e was imad king • 
Of alemayne & J^er icrouned • nobliche j^oru ech )?ing • 
An holi })orsdai in alimaine • & made so noble 

feste . 10,976 

pat of alle )7at me wuste it was • ]?e richoste & J^e 

meste • 
As tuelf hundred in ^er of grace • & seuene & fifti 

ri^t • 
pulke zer he made • sir henri is sone kni^t • 
Bituene vr king & lowelin • gret worre j^er was ]>o • 
In walis «fe me dude • in eipev half gret wo • 10,981 
& gode knittes of engelond • of wan was gret pite • 
Aslawe were ]>er alas • ]>& eue of ])e trinite • 
As sir steuene bausein • & sire patric de chaus also • 
& mani o]?er god bodi • was )7ere to dej^e ido • 10,985 
pe meste wo j^at here vel • bi king henries day • 
In ]7is lond ichoUe biginne • to telle ^uf ich may • 
He adde J^re bre|7eren • j^at is moder sones were • 
& ]?e king of alimaine • ]?e ver]7e • )7at to heie horn 

here • 
Ac sir willam de valance • & sir eimer \>eY to • 10,990 
Elit of wincetre & sir gui • de lisewi al so • 



sMjjJje was'] was su^Jje C. 
it mas'] om. C. richoste] richeste C. 



10,972. jser] om. C. 

10.974. pe erl Richard] Richard erl C. 

10.975. ech Viny] al J'jng C. 

10.977. pat of alle] & alle C. 

10.978. yr] >e )er C. 

10.980. lowelin] lewelyn C. 

10.981. half] side C. 

10.982. wail] -wham C. 

10.984. bausein] bauseynt C. 

10.985. bodi ivas] bodyes were C. 

10.986. ivo] wowe C. vel] ful C. 

10.987. to] om. C. }ufich] yii i'^ C. 

10.988. 7noder] moders C. 

10.989. Sf \>e king . . . . \>e ver}pe] pe fer>e Jje kyng of alemayne C 

10.990. Ac] As C. 

10.991. Elit of wincetre] elis of wyncestre C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 7.'^3 

poru horn & ]>oi-\i ])e quene was • so muche frenss folc 

ibroutt • 
pat of englisse men • me tolde as ritt iioiiit • 10,993 
& ]>e king horn let hor wille • ]7at ech was as king • [583] 

& nome poueremenne god • & ne paiede no |?ing . 
To eni of ]?is brej^eren • tuf J^er pleinede eni witt • 
Hii sede ^uf we do]? ou wrong • wo ssal on do rizt • 
As wo sei]? we hep kinges • ur wille we mowe 

do. 
& manie englisse alas • hulde mid horn al so • 
So l^at ]7oru godes grace • ]?is erles atte laste • 11,000 
& pe bissop of j?is lond • & barons bispeke it vaste • 
pat pe kunde englissemen • of londe hii wolde out 

caste • 
& ]7ut lond bringe adoun • luf hor poer ilaste • 
per of hii nome conseil • & to ]7e king hii sende • 
To abbe pite of is lond • & suiche maners amende • 

• Henricus • m. iss b. 

So ]7at atte laste -hii bro^te him pev to- 11,006 

To makie a porueance • amendement to do • 
Imad it was at oxenford • ];ut lond uor to seyte • 
Tuelf hundred as in ter of grace • & fifti «fe eytte • 
Riit aboute missomer • fourten nizt it laste • 11,010 
pe erles & pe barons ■ were wel studeuaste • 
Vor to amendi ]?at lond • as pQ erl of gloucetre • 
Sir Richard & sir simond • erl of leicetre • 

10,992. que7ie'] kyng C. 

10.994. hor'] to hore C. as king] as a kyng C. 

10.995. poueremenne god] poure manne goude C. ne paiede] paijede C. 
10,997. ou] pu C. ivrong] om. C. wo] who C. ou do] 

do jou C. 

11.001. bissop] bischopes C. barons] J^e barons C. 

11.002. out] om. C. 

11.007. a porueance] an purueauuce C. 

11.008. set/te] seite C. 

11.009. yer] \>e yev C. 

11.010. missomer] mydsomer C. 

11.011. studeuaste] stedefaste C. 

11.012. gloucetre] gloucestre C. 



734 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& sir Ion le fiz geffray • & o];er barons inoAve • 
So J>at atte laste • ]>e king her to hii drowo • 11,015 
To remue ]?e frensse men • to libbe bi ^oncle se • 
Bi lior londes her & ]>ev - & no come no^t a^e • 
& to graunti gode lawes • & ]?o olde chartre al so • 
pat so ofte was igraunted er • & so ofte vndo • 
Her of was ]}e chartre imad • & aceled vaste ]?ere • 
Of ])e king & of oj^ere • heye men pat ];er were • 11,021 
[j34] po nome tende taperes • ]je bissops in hor hond • 

& ]7e king him sulf & o];ere • heyemen of ])e lond • 
pe bissops amansede alle • ]?at ]jer a^en were • 
& euereft vndude ]>e lawes • ];at iloked were ]>ere • 
Mid berninde ta]Deres • & sn]>|7e atte laste • 11,02G 

pe king & oj^ere sede amen • & hor taperes adonn 

caste • 
To confermi ]?e mansinge • & )?o J>oute it stable ynou • 
per after ech as in pes • toward is owe drou • 
& ]je kinges ]?re brej^eren • Sz o]'er frensse ]?ere • 1 1 ,030 
Flowe & ];otte al to longe • ]'at hii in ]ns lond were • 
pe newe churche was of salesburi • ihalwed ]adke ter • 
porn giles of brute post • |?at bissop was ]'o ]>er • 
A sein Misseles dai of ]:'e erehebissop • boneface |>at 

was ])o. 11,034 

per was boj'e king & quene • & heiemen mani mo • 
pe quene ssenche deide sn])]}e • of alemaine iwis • 
At bercamstede in nouembre • & ibured was & 



11,015. to hii] to horn C. 

11.018. oWe] clrlerc C. 

11.019. was if/ra^niteri] jgrauntyd was C'. 
11,022. tende] ten C. 

11,026. herninde'] bern3Uge C. 

11.028. Youte] Jiout.C; I'Oure A. 

11.029. is] om. C. 

11.033. brute port] bryteport C. 

11.034. MisseJes] myhelles C. hej om. C. 

11.036. ssenche] schenche C. 

11.037. bercamstede] berkhampte C. ^•] J'at C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 735 

In ];e qiier of liailcs . an liey in a vair place • 
Tuelf hundred & on & sixti • as in ^er of grace • 
Al J)i,s time was sir edward • bi^onde se aboute • 
& liaimtede torneimens • wij) wel noble route. 11,041 Toruin- 
Wil; gascoine hat was his • & gode knittes adde • "Y"*'' ■• 

As su' warin of bassingbourne • ]?at him aV)0ute 
ladde • 

■Henric[as] - f„l. i.-,c. 

& sir hamond j e strange • & sir gemes of audele • 
Sir roger of Clifford & o]>eve • uort he com aie • 11,045 
pe quene was ek bi^onde se • & }?c kinges bre|?eren [ssj] 

al so • 
& euere ]?o^te hou hii mi^te • ])e purueance vndo • 
Hii porchasede ]7at ]>e pope • asoilede iwis • 
Of ]?e o]> & of ]>e mansinge • ]?e king &; alle his . 
po was it ]:»e kinges wille • & is conseilers also • 
Al out tuf hii mi^te • j^e purueaunce vndo • 11,051 

It was euere ])e quene p'O^t • so muche so heo miite 

J^enche • 
Mid conseil oper mid sonde • o]?er mid wimman 

wrenche • 
& 1^0 sir edward was iproued • liardi knitt & god • 
Ale ]?e porueaunce al so • he turnde al is mod • 
So j^at \ye erl of gloucetre • Richard deide- ]?o • 11,056 Obitus 
po was ]?e baronie • wel in |?e more wo • H^ernio 

pe king gaderede is poer • & sir edward al so • 
& ]7e king of alimaine his • & mani o|;er |jerto • 



11.040. Al Ws] Al be C. 

11.041. torneimens'l turnemens C. 

11,044. Jiamond \>e stranije'] haumond le stronge C. 
11,04G. se] >e se C. 
11,047. )>oi^te] hi Jjou^te C. 
11,050. Sf is] & J>e C. 

11.053. wimman] womman C. 

11.054. was iproued] yproued was C. 

11.056. gloucetre] gloucestre C. 

11.057. icel] ora. C. 



736 THE CHRONICLE OF 

In |?is manere j^e barons • bigonne hor vrning • 11,060 
A freinss knitt was at gloucetre • ]>e sserreue ]?oru ]?e 

king • 
Sir maci cle besile • and constable also • 
pe barons it bispeke • ]mt it nas no^t wel ido • 
Ac ate Jje pourueance • vor hii nolde frenss man non • 
An o)?er sserreue hii made • J?oru commun conseil 

echon • 11,065 

A knitt of ]>e contreie • sir willam traci • 
& of ]?ulke poer clene • pulte out sir maci • 
Ac sir willam ssire huld • in a monenday • 
Sir maci com iarmed • as mani man isay • 
Wi]7 poer isend fram ]?e court • iarmed wel inou • 
& euene as ]?e ssire sat • to ]>e tounes ende him 

drou. 11,071 

Hii alitte wi]? drawe suerd « wij? macis manion • 
& wi}? mani an hard stroc • rumede hor wey anon • 
Vort hii come vj) to ]?e dels • & ]?e sserreue vaste • 
Bi ]?e top hii hente anon • & to ]7e grounde him 

caste • 11,075 

& harlede him vor]? villiche • wi]? mani stroc among • 
In a foul plodde in ]>e stret • su]?]7e me him slong • 
& orne on him mid hor hors • & defoulede him vaste • 
& bihinde a squier su]?]?e • villiche hii him caste • 
& to ]?e castel him ladde • ]?oru out ]>e toun • 11,080 
pat Yexipe it was vor to se • & caste him in prison • 



11.060. vrning'] ernyng C. 

11.061. yloucetre'] gloucestre C. ]>e sserreue'] schirreue C. 
11,063. it bispeke] bi speke hit C. 

11.067. clene pulte] al clene putte C. 

11.068. Ac] as C. monenday] monedai C. 

11.070, isend'] isende C. 

11.071. sat] hyni sat C. 
11,073. hor] Jjane C, - 

11.075. hii] hi hym C. 

11.076. villiche] fillyche C. stroc] a strok C. 

11.077. plodde] pludde C. 

11.078. orne on] arnde ouer C. hor] om. C. 

11.079. a squier su]^]>e villiche] suj^^e a squyer filiche C. 



EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 737 

po j^e ti]?inge her of com • to ]?e baronie • 
Hii ]?oite in time amendi • suich vileinie • 

• Henricus • f*^!- i^c b. 

So ]>at sir roger de Clifford • & sir Ion giffard nome • 
Gret poer in somer • & to gloucetre come* 11,085 

Hii sende to sir maci • |?at he ]?un castel ^olde • 
To hom & to }>e baronie • o]?er hii him nime wolde • 
Sir maci hom sende a^en • ])&t ]>e king him tok 

biuore • 
pun castel him to loki • mid trewe o]> isuore • 
Ne ])at he nolde traitour be • ne ]?en castel neuere ^elde • 
Bote ])e king oj^er is sone • ]>e wule he him mi^te 

welde. 11,091 

He adde wi]?inne lute folk • |7un castel to defende • 
Arblastes sone & ginnes • wij'oute me bende • 
& ssote inward vaste inou • atte laste hii sende • 
Al ]?e brutaske wi);oute • & ]>e brugge brende • 11,095 
Vor he was al of tre • & sir maci & his • 
Flowe in to ]>e tour an hey • ]>o hii seye ]?is • 
& defendede hom vaste • pe wule hii mi^te iwis • 
Ac vor defaute of helpe • mani man issend is • 
AVi}> an quarel on wi}nnne • an squier ]>er oute slou • [537] 
Sir Ion giffard uor is de]? • made deol inou • 11,101 

11,082. her o/]>i>erof C. 

11,084. del of 0- 

11,08.5. gloxicetre'] gloucestre C. 

11.086. \>un'] l^ane C 

11.087. nime'] neme C. 

11.088. Sir] om. C. sende] sende word C. 

11.089. p?m] pane C. 

11.090. \>en] >an C. 

11.091. ivide] while C. him miyte] my^te hym C. 

11.092. Jjmh] >e C. 

11.093. Arblastes] arblasters C. tci\>oute] w' oute faste C. 

11.094. atte] & atte C. sende] tende C. 

11.098. wule] while C. 

11.099. issend] y chend C. 

11.100. an quarel] a querel C. \>er oute] w' oute C. • 

11.101. deol] dol C, 

8 A 



738 THE CHROMI(JI,E OF 

& \)0 sir maci was inome • & hii wijnnne come • 

An carpenter ]>at hii sede • J?at sset ]?e ssute hii 

nome • 
& laclde him vpe ]?e tour an hei • & made him hiippe 

to gromide • 11,104 

He hupte & debrusede • & deide in an stounde • 
& sir Roger of Clifford |?o • J?e castel in warde hadde • 
& hii nome sir maci • & in to marc him ladde • 
& sir Ion giffard nom to him • is qnic eitte echon • 
& al ]?at he fond of is • & nameliclie at sserston • 
A freinss bissop ]?er was • at hereforde ])o • 11,110 

Sir peris de egeblaunche • ]jat hii dude al so wo » 
Hii come vor to nime him • larmed manion • 
pe godeman vor drede • to churche wende anon • 
& reuestede him bi ]?e auter • ac sir rogcr ne sir Ion • 
Vor honour of holichvnche • nolde wi]7inne gon • 11,115 
Ac sir tomas torbeuille • & o]?er ssrewen mo • 
Wende vp & wij? streng) e • made him out go • 
po ho sei ]'at lie ne moste • haljbe churche peis • 
Par crist he sede sir tomas • tu es Maveis • 
Meint ben te ay fet • vor he adde muche god • 11,120 
per Ijiuore him ido • & he it vuele vnderstod • 
Hii harlede him out of churche • [^at lute ]iite adde • 
&L is god nome vaste inou • & to erdesleye him ladde • 



11,103. \>e ssute'] l^ane schote C. 

11.105. dehrusedc'] was debrused C. «n] a C. 

11.106. §■] om. C. }pe castel] hane castel C. 

11.107. 7narc] J' e march C. 

11.108. &r] om. C. him is quic] hym quyke C. 
11,109. /o?«(/] fonde C. ssersto7i] scherston C. 
11,111. egeblaunche] eugelilanche C. 

11.113. to chm-che wende] wende to churche C. 

11.114. reuestede] reueste C. auter] wetied C. 

11.116. torbeuille] turberuyle V. 

11.117. wi\>] myd C. 

11.119. sede] seide C. Maveis] mamieis C. 

11.120. Meint . . . fef] meiut bien te ai fet C. vor he] vor he nor he A. 

11.121. vuelc] vuel C. 

11,123. god .... inou] goiides faste y nou nome C. erdesleye] 

erdesle C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 739 

• Hcni'lCUS • fol. 157. 

& him & sir inaci ek • in god wartle dude ]>ere • 

In |je castel of erdesleye • nor te it betere were • 

So it ferde oueral • ware me freinsse fond • 11,120 l^'is] 

Me harlede hom villiche • aboute in to al ]>e lond • 

& ]>e kinges men robbede hom • |^at aten hom were • 

& ];e barons ek hor fon • ])at aien hom amies bere • 

Atte biginninge ]?er hvikle • wi]> ];e king vewe wel • 

Bote sir Robert wah'ond • & sir Ion Mauncel • 11,131 

Ac su]7|;e ])o sir edward • so wel armes ber • 

He drou to him manion • ];at wi)> ]'e barons were er • 

pe mai'cheis he adde sone = as sir Roger ])e Mortimer • 

& sir warin of bassingbourne • & of Clifford sir Roger • 

Sir gemes de audele • sir haumond ]?e strange al so • 

Sir roger of leibourne ■ & mani o);er j^er to • 11,137 

po was ]>e castel of gloucetre • & ])e toun al so • 

poru sir roger of Clifford • in ]fe kinges hond ido • 

& he astorede }'e castel • wi];* poer inou • 11,140 

&:, to is castel of brumesfeld • sir Ion giffard vaste 

drou • 
& astorede him wel inou • & goinde adde is route • 
To driue & to gaderi ]7uder god • of nei^ebores aboute • 
pe stalwardeste men ]>at me fond • to him vaste he drou • 
& of porchas of nei^ebores • ssipede hom wel inou • 



1 1.124. dude'] hi dude hom C. 

11.125. erdesleye] erdesle C. 
11,126. /o?u/] fonde C. 

11,127. villiche] filHche C. \>e lond] V loude C. 
.ll",130. Atte] at i-e C. hulde] hiild C. 

11.132. Ac] at C. 

11.133. He drmi] }:o drou C. 
11,13.5. ^-J om. C. .V] om. V. 
11,130. gemes] lames V,. 
11,138. he toun] h-ane toua C. 

11.140. astorede ]>e.] astored hane C. 

11.141. brumesfeld'] bremraesfeld C. vaste] om. C 

11.142. him] om. C. c/oinde] goynde C. 
11,14-3. to gaderi] gaderi C. 

11.144. stalwardeste] staleward C. we] he C. 

11.145. ssipede hnm] hom sondede C. 

3 A 2 



740 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Bituene ]ye castel of gioucetre • & brumefeld al so • 
per was ofte biker gret • & muche harm ido • 
Ac l^e constable of gioucetre • as mid J^e kinges poer • 
Held ofte in ]>e kinges name • courtes ver & ner • 
So |?at at quedesle • wij;oute ]?e toun to mile- 11,150 
He let someni an hundred • & ]?er he hente an gile • 
Vor as he huld |;is hundred • mid gret folk & onour • 
& Adam of arderne • was is chef countour • 
[539] Hii clupede sir Ion giffard • l?at siwte ssolde ]?er to • 

To come o]7er he ssolde • in ]>e merci be ido • 11,155 

He com bi asoyne • vor is men inowe • 

Come out of brumsfeld • & larmed to hom drowe • 

& asoynede hor louerd • & to grounde slowe • 

Glad he was ]?at mi^te fle • ar ]7at suerd is nekk 

gnowe • 
Manie flowe to churche • & j^e constable vnne]?e • 
At arnde aliue & manie -were ibro^t to de];e • 11,161 
pis lu]7er bailifs j^at poueremen • so gret wo do]; ilome • 
Suich giffardes asoyne • icholde hom ofte come • 

fol. 157 b. • Henricus ■ 

Wei a lev & an half • J?us it ferde aboute • 
• pat ech heiman dude is fon • ssame mid is route • 
Atte laste ]>o winter • towarde ende drou • 11,1G6 

At candelmasse ech of hom • gret ost nom inou • 
& sir roger of Clifford • gioucetre wuste al so • 
& at ech tat of ]?e toun • god warde let do • 
Sir Ion giffard com aday • & sir Ion de balun j^ere • 
Ride vpe tueye wolpakces • chapmen as hii were • 

11,146. brumefeld^ bremmesfeld C. 
11,148. mid'] w' C. 
11,132. mid'] w' C. 

11.156. asoyne] asoigue C ; a sojjue A. 

11.157. hmmsfeld] bremesfelde C. 

11.158. asoynede] asoygnede C. 
11,161. At arnde] aternde C. 

11,163. yiffardes asoyne] giffard asoigne C. icholde] i'= wolde C. 

11.169. yat] )et C. 

11.170. balim^ balon C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 741 

To ]>e west ^ate oner ]>e brugge • & ]?e porters bede • 
To late in tueie wolmongers • hor chaffare in to 

lede • 
Biweued hii were boj^e • mid welsse mantles tueie • 
po |?e ^ates were vndo • hii hupte adoun beye • 11,175 
Of hor hors & caste • hor mantles awei anon • 
& ]>o stode hii larmed • fram heued to ]7e ton • 
po were 'pe porters agrise • sore of ]?ulke si^te • 
& caste hom ])e keyen • vawe J^at hii mi^te • 
Poer ]7er was inou • atte brugge ende • 11,180 

po ]>e ^ates were vndo • hii gonne ]?uder wende • 
Sir simondes sone de monfort • sir henri ]7c hende • [54o] 

& mani god bodi ek • as god ]?uder sende • 
po ]>e barons adde ]>e toun • & ]>e castel ]>e king • 
per was ofte bituene hom • gret bikering • 11,185 

Sir edward was bi este j^o • mid poer gret inou • 
Sone toward leinte • toward j^e march he drou ■ 
Is wei he nom bi oxenford • ac ^e borgeis anon • 
pe ^ates made a^en him • of \>e toune echon • 
He wende & lai wi|70ute toun • atte kinges halle • 
& wende vor]? amorwe -mid is men alle • 11,191 

pe tates ])0 he was iwend • were alle vp ibro^t • 
Sone bote smi}?e gate • ac l^at nas vndo nou^t • 



11.172. yate'] yet C. 

11.173. wolmonyers'] wolmangners C 

11.174. mid ivelsse] m walich C. 

11.175. heye] heie C 

11.176. awei] of C. 

11.177. heued\ \>q heued C. 

11.179. vaive] & fawe C. 

11.180. atte\ at \>& C. 

11.182. simondes sone de monfort] sjmonA de mouufort C. 

11.183. as god] as god gan C. 

11.184. \>e toim'] >auue toun C. 
11,186. poer yret] gret power C. 

11.189. toune] ton C. 

11.190. atte] at )?eC. 

11.192. iwend] iwende C. 

11.193. sffl'V gate] sme}'e )ate C. 



742 THE CHRONICLE OF 

pe clerkes adde |7er ]?orii • muche solas ilore . 
To pleye toward beumoimd • anuid hii were })eruore • 
pe bailif hii bede ofte • to graunti hor solas • 11,196 
To pleie & vndo ];ut iat • ac vor no^t it was • 
So ]nit an vewe wilde hineii • a li^t red J?er of nome • 
& a dai after mete • wi]? axes ];uder come . 
&j |mt 2at to liewe • & to dasse p'ere • 11,200 

& su]?]'e jwrii beumond • to hare welle it bere • 
& subuenite sancti • vaste gonne singe • 
As me de|7 wan a ded man • me wole to putte bringe • 
Willam l^e spicer & geflray • of heucsei ]'at po were • 
lul. i.j8. Portreuen & nicole • of kingestune J^at was mere • 
[.j41] Nome of j^is clerkes • & in prison caste- 11,206 

& nolde hom non^t dcliueri • Zni |;e channceler bed vaste • 
pe clerkes were ]'o wi'oj'o • ]'e burgeis v/crc ]^o bolde • 
& jjretnede to nime mo • ifc of hor wraj.'j/e lute tolde • 
pe verste ];orsdai in lente • j^e burgeis were wel fers • 
• & ]-'e wule men were atte mete • arerde tueie baners • 
& wende hom vor]? iarmed • mid al hor poer |?ere • 
To defouli alle pe clerkes • ar hii iwar were • 11,213 
As hii come a^en alle halwen • mid poer so strong • 
At seinte marie churche a clerc • ]'e commun belle rong • 
pis clerkes vp fram hor mete • & to godes grace 

truste . 11,216 

& seie j'at hii were issend • bote hii ]?e bet hom 

wuste • 



11,196. Iniilif] bailifs C. 

11,198. ail .... /linen] a fewc wilde hyneii C. 

11.200. dasse] daste C. 

11.201. hare welle] charewelle C. 

11.204. hencsci] hentesei C. 

11.205. rurtreiien] portereues C. 

11.207. 7iou-yt] om. C. yiit] & C. 

11.208. J?o 2i-ro>e] so 'wro> C. \>o] om. C. 

11.209. hor] hare C. lute] lite C. 

11.210. ^ursdai] >urday C. 

11.211. atte] att-e C. 
11,214. mid] -w' C. 

11.216. pis] pe C. truste] trysto C. 

11.217. hii 'pc bet Iwm iciiste] hom )'e bctere wystc Ci 



EOBEllT OF GJ.UL^LESTEE. 743 

Hii mette \vi\? ]7is burgeis • & bigonne to ssete vaste • 
I wounded j^er was manion • ac pe borgeis atte laste • 
Hii bigonne to He vaste • Rom ]70^te longe er . 11,220 
So )7at ])e clerkes adde • |7e stretes sone iler • 
pe bowiare^' ssoppe hii broke • & j^e bovves nome 

echon • 
Sn]>])e ]>e portereues house • hii sette afure anon • 
In ]>e sou];half of ]?e toune • & su|7]7e ]?e spicerie • U'^-] 

Hii breke fram ende to o];er • & dude al to robberie • 
Vor ]>e mer was viniter • hii breke ]?e viniterie • 
&; alle o|;ere in ]>e toun • & |?at was lute maistrie • 
Hii caste awei ]>e dosils • j^at win orn abrod ,so • 
pat it was pite gret • of so muche harm ido • 11,220 
peruore ]>o ];e king com • & wuste suich trespas • 
Alle l^e clerkes out of ]>e touji • he drof voi- Jnit 

cas • 
Ne vort after misselmasse • hii ne come namore ]>ev • 
Telle WG nou of sir edward • of wan we bigonne 

er • 
Sir edward toward lente • toward j^e march gan 

wende • 
So j'at an axwednesdai • al bi |ie weste ende- 11,235 
To gloucetre he wende ■ mid gret poer inou • 
& al ouer ]>e brugge • to ])e west ^ate he drou - 
& asailede \>en toun • ac ])e barons wi|7inne ■ 
Defendede hom so Avel • }^at he ne mitte hom winne • 

11.218. h/s] )>e C. to] om. C. 

11.219. teas] were C. 

11.220. HW] om. C. 

11,222. boiviares] bowi^arcs C. bre/ic] to breke C. 
11,224. In]>e sou\>half] in four half C. 
11,228. orri] orncl C. 

11.232. after'] om. C. 

11.233. wan'\ wham C. 

11.235. axwechtcsdai] axwanaesdai C. 

11.236. fflouceire'] gloucestre C. 

11.237. yate] xet C. 

11.238. Jjch] J^ane C. 

11.239. he'] hi C; 



744 THE CHRONICLE OF 

So ]?at of )?e castel • wij?inne com a route • 11,240 

Toward ])e ^at to helpe • sir edward wi]?oute • 

Ac grimbaud pauntefot • aten horn sone com • 

& mid poer horn turnde a2en • & some of liom nom • 

Sir edward turnde in to ]^e med • ]>o he ne sei oj^er 

cas • 
& a ssip of teuskesburi • j^at J7e abbodes was • 11,245 

fol. 158 b. • Henriciis • 

Bi seuerne wende ]7er • sone he it nom • 
& ]:>erinne bi ]}e water • in to ]>e castel com • 
Anon so he was wi]?inne • vpe }»e tour an hey • 
He arerde is baner • |7at me wide isey • 
[543] po ]>e baruns J^at isei • sori hii were echon • 11,250 

In ]7e toun half J'un castel • hii asailede anon • 
& hii wi]>inne casten out • mid hor ginnes vaste • 
So ]?at bituene hom • |?e biker longe ilaste • 
Sir Ion giffard fram brumesfeld • ]?uder sone com • 
To ]?e castel med wij^oute toun • ]nin wei sone he 

nom • 11,255 

& J'e castel brugge out of ]>q med • he barnde fram 

]7en ende • 
To J'e tubrugge along • vor me ne ssolde out wende • 
Mani was ]>e vair biker • & J^e vair asaut al so • 
pat bituene ]7e castel & ]?e toun • ofte was ido • 
Sir edward & is poer • ofte were wi]?inne • 11,260 

Vpe ]>e point to smiten out • bataile to biginne • 

11.241. wi\>onte'] b' was w' oute C. 

11.242. Ac^ as C. pauntefot'\ paunsefot C. 

11.243. mid] w' C. 

11.244. Hirtide] ova.. C. 
11,246. \>er sone] >' sone C. 

11.251. ^un] Jjane C. 

11.252. 7nid] w' C. 

11.253. ilaste] laste C. 

11.254. brumesfeld] bremmesfelde C. 

11.255. \>mi'] }>ane C. he] om. C. 

11.256. of] om. C. 

11.257. tiibrur/ge] tuybrugge C, vor me] }>' hi C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTEl?. 745 

Ac ]>e bissop water of wurcetre • ofte bituene wende • 
& ])e abbod reinaud of gloucetere • as god 'horn gTace 
sende • 11,263 

& destourbede ]>e bataile • ac non acord ]?ev nas • 
Ac biker & sla^t & ssetinge • bituene horn ofte was • 
So ];at sir edward aday • & is men horn lete ai'ine • 
To wende out & bataile do • al mest to grete harme • 
po seie bii out of ]?e tour • ];e erl roberd of ferers ^ f^^rs!*^^ 
Atte tounes ende come • wij? noble men & fers • 
As framward teuskesburi • iarmed wel echon • 11,270 
Hors & men al preste • bataile to do anon • 
po sir edward j^is isey • no ]^ing nas he glad • 
Vor me sede J^at he nas • of noman so sore adi'ad • 
Vn iarmed out he wende • to ]>e barons wel stille • 
& anon made acord • & graunted al hor wille- 11,275 
& made fourme god inou • & suor is wel to holde • 
po hii adde al hor wil • ]?e barons were wel bolde • t^^'^^ 

pe erl roberd of ferers • ]>o he J?uder com • 
He was nei uor wra]?]7e wod • j^at me eni acord nom • 
He smot stede wij? ])e spore • & al is compainie • 
& wende him vor wra]7]?e a^en • so quic so he mi^te 
• hie . 11>281 

Ech bar him ek amorwe • out of toune drou • 
& of ]fe fourme j^at hii made • wende be siker inou • 
po sir edward & is folc • were al maistres per • 
Vor ]?e burgeis of ]>e toun • lete in baruns er • 11,285 fol. 159. 
He let crie in to al j^e toun • j^at bourgeis f?at wolde • 
In ]>e castel come to is pels • god pais habbe he ssolde • 

11,262. wurcetre] wirecestre C. 

11,264. l>e] om. C. 

11,269. Atte] atl>e C. 

11,271. do] don C 

11,274. Vn iarmed out he wende] Vn armed he wende out C. 

11,276. is wel] his wille C. 

11,279. ivod] woud C. 

11.282. bar] baron C. of toune] of J>e toun C. 

11.283, made] ymaked C. he] bi C. 
11,285. baruns] )>e barons C. 

11,287. In \>e] in to his C. to is] in C. peis god] pais goude C. 

hahbe he] he habbe C. 



'40 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



lucaice- 
racio bur- 
geusium. 



reccssus 
edwardi. 



Gladdore nere ]>e borgeis • neuere in hore Hue • 
pan vor ]?is gode word • hii hiede lender bliue • 
po hii were alle icome • j^e ^ates me made vaste • 
& brou2te horn biuore sir edward • ]70 wei'e hii sore 
agaste. 11,291 

Me acoupede horn harde inou • & suj^l^e attelaste • 
As ]?eues & traitours • in strong prison me horn caste • 
Wij^oute mete & drinke • ];ere hii laie longe • 
In sorwe k, care & lokede • wan hii were anhonge • 
Sir roger of clitford • |?e porters vaste nom • 11,296 

pat porters were atte iate • ]>o Ion gitlard in com • 
As hobekin of lodelowe • & is felawes al so • 
& let horn vpe j^e west tate • anhonge ];)o)>e to • 
Euere lokede )?is burgeis • wan hii were vor|> idriue • 
Prestles horn was wel wo • )?at hii nere issriue • 11,801 
Eoberd of caumpedene • j^at hosebonde was on • 
Vor he was a lute clerc • he ssrof hom echon • 
Atte laste sir edward • of hom gret raunsoun • 
Nom & let hom go aliue • & destruede al J^en toun • 
Ac ])e fourme p'at he made 'ate j^e barons biuore • 
He bileuede al clene • ];ei ]>e dp were isuore • 11,307 
To oxenford he wende vor); • as is fader was po • 
(io is men bi pe weye • dude wel muche wo • 
pe king sone in leinte -to oxenforde com* 11,310 

& is in wi]? is folc • atte frere prechors nom • 
Aboute an J^re wouke • peve he gan abide • 
Vor to gaderi is ost • J'at isprad was wide • 



11.289. yode word] goude tyhynge C. 

11.290. yates me~] ^etes hi C. 

11.293. Jjewes] stronge J^eues C. we] om. C. 

11.294. late] lei C. 

11.295. ivcrn] whanne C. 

11.297. atte yite ]>o] at \>q )cte l^o i^irc C. 

11.298. fehnves] felawe C 

11.300. wan] whanne C. idriue] idreue C. 

11.301. hom] ham C. nere] nere arst C. 
11,-302. hosebonde] an hosebon C. 
11,303. he ssrof \ schrof. C. 

11,30.5. (jo] gon C. Wn] I'ane C. 

1 1,312. ail \>r<'] h l>rc C. Vcre"] )'ar C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



747 



Sn]>]>e seinte fre)?eswi]7e was • me nuste king non • 

Dat wibinne I'e tates of oxenford • dorste ride ne 
^ r I 7 11,315 

o-on . _ _ ' 

pe king was among ]>e freres • & hn manion • 
Radde him vor to wenden in • & nameliche frer Ion • 
Of balsam & ]7at he mi^te • l?oiu godes grace hii 

sede • 
In wij^ god deuocion • go wij^oute drede • 
ne king hadde l^er to g[o]de wille ■ ]'oru frerene 

rede 11'320 

& hii massen & orisons • uaste uor him bede • 
So ]?at vastinde a day • a note he dude ]ns dede • 
& in eil^er half to sikeri him • freres him gonne 

lede • 

• J-Jeiii'icus • M. 159 b. 

& he wende to seinte fre]?eswi};e • as no king no com 

er • 
Sal^l'e seinte fri];eswi];e was • vale hundred ^er • 11,325 
& wel vaire is offringe • to j^e heye weued ber • 
& su]7]?e ofte wan he ]mder com • he offrede ];er • 
So he bileuede in oxenford • & is conseil nom • 
Vort is sone & is folc • mid poer to him com • 
po is poer ^are was • wijnnne ]?e passion • 11,330 

Wi]? is ost he wende uor]? • &o arerde is dragon • 
Is ost was gret & suij-e long • he wende to nor]>- 

hamtone • 
& wij? strengj^e nom ]>g toun • & somdel wi)7 treson • 

11.314. fre\>esivi\>e'] frehewijve C. 

11.315. dorste] durste C. 
11,317. wendeii] wende C. 

11,320. hadde \>er to yodel hadde ;il so goudc C frerene'] frercn C. 

11.322. vaatiiide] fastyiig C. 

11.323. him yonne] goune hyin C. 

11.324. fre\>eswi\>e'\ frebewybe C. 
11,32.5. vale] fele C. 

11.326. her] he ber C. 

11.327. tvaii] whanue C. 
11,333. ]>e toun] bane toun C; 



748 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[546] Aboute seint ambrose day • ido was al Ipis, • 

Tuelf hundred in lev of grace • & fours & sixti iwis • 
Sir simond J?e longe mountford • j^ere hii nome \)0 • 
&5 sir osebern giffard • tfe oj^ere manimo • 11,337 

In strong prison sir simon • hii dude at windelsore • 
Vort jje bataile of lewes • ac su|;J?e no leng more • 
po wende ]?e baruns uor]? • & oj^ere maniou • 11,340 
combustio. & barnde court & o];er • ech man vpe is fon • 

Sir Ion giffard mid is route • nas no^t po 'pe laste • 

Vor he barnde aboute oxenford • j^e ester wouke vaste • 

Curt lincolne & berkele • & o|;er courtes also • 

Were aboute in j^e lond • j^o afure ido • 11,345 

pe king so sone in mai • estward euere drou • 

As toward ]?e hauenes • wij? gret poer inou • 

Sir simond de mountfort • & sire gilebard • 

pe tonge erl of gioucetre • come euere afterward • 

& barons ek manion • as sir Ion giffard • 11,350 

& mani god bodi ]?at ne com • neuerefb a^enward • 

At lewes ]?e king bigan • mid is poer abide • 

pe barons astunte • wi)?oute toun biside • 

& vaire sende in to j^e toun • to pe king hor sonde • 

pat he ssolde vor godes loue • him bet vnderstonde • 

& gTaunti hom ];'e gode lawes • & habbe pite of is lond • 

& hii him wolde serui wel • to vote & to hond • 



11.334. ambrose day~\ ambrosesdai C. 

11.335. Tuelf hundred'] tuelhundred C. ■ycr'] )>q yev C. 

11.337. oseberji'\ osebarn C. 

11.338. windelsore'] wyndelesore C. 

11.339. no leng] leng no C. 

11.342. mid] w* C. 

11.343. wouke] wike C. 

11.344. Curt lincolne §• berkele] curtlyntone & becle C. 

11.346. so] )>0 C. 

11.347. gret] om. C. 

11.349. gioucetre] gloucestre C. 

11.350. ^] & W C. 

11.351. god] agoud C. 

11.353. toun'] J^e toun C. 

11.354. hor] hore C. 
11,357. vote Sc] fct & eke C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 749 

pe king horn sende word a^en • wi)?oute gretinge }?is • 

pat he ne kepte no];ing • of hor seriiise iwis • 

& Jjat out of loue & treuj^e • he dude horn echon • 

& ]>at he wolde hom seche out • as is pur fon • 11,3G1 

pe barons ne cou|7e oJ?er red • ]?o hii hurde |ns • [547] 

Bote bidde godes grace • & bataile abide iwis • 

■Henricus- foi. ico. 

Hii wende & auisede hom • somdel vp an doun • 
pat hii mi^te be war of hor fon • & ise to toun • 
Some radde j^at hii ssolde • wende in at on hepe • 
To habbe inome hom vn armed • & some abedde aslepe • 
pe godemen sede ]^at hii nolde • suich vileinie do 

non • 
Ac abide vort hii come • larmed out echon • 11,369 
Hii houede vnder boskes • & newe knittes made • 
& armede & atired hom • & hor bedes terne bade • 
Sir simon de mountford • conseilede hom vaste • 
Hou hii ssolde hom conteini • Ipe wule Ipe bataile 

ilaste • 
po com ]?e ost smite out • vaste out of ]^e toune • 
Mani was j^e gode bodi • ]7at |?er was ibroit ]>ei' 

doune • 11,375 

Vor l^e londreis |7er biuore • a gret despit wrotte • 
To ]?e queue at londone .sir edward ]7er on J^outte • 
& vor to awreke is moder • to hom vaste he drou • 
& brou^te hom to grounde & some of hom • al fleinde 

he slou • 
po he adde J^is loundreis • al ibro^t to grounde • 11,380 
Wij7 gTet loye he turnde a^en • ac lute ioye he founde • 

11,359. hoi- seruise'] hore seruyse uojjyng C. 
11,361. hojii seche'] seche hom C. 

11.364. auisede'] busede C. 

11.365. war] iwar C. 

11.366. hii] he C. at on] at an C. 

11.372. simon de mountford] syraond de monfort C. 

11.373. ivule] while C. 

11.374. smite] smyten C. of] om. C. 
11,379. 1^ some] & miiche C 



750 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor |?e barons were aboue • & his alf ouercome • 
pe king of alemaine was • in a windmulle inome • 
Vor a Xong kni;t him nom • kniit ymad |?o 

ri^t • 
Sir Ion do bet's icluped • j^at was siiij^e god knizt • 
pat muche prowesse dude adai • & ]'e king him lekl 

in doute • 11,380 

To J?e erl of gloiicetre • as to |7e hexte of ])e route • 
& to ]?e frere menors in to toun • sir edward fleu 

vaste • 
& l^ere as he nede moste • ^ekl him atte laste • 
[548] Manion stilleliche • hor armes awei caste- 11,390 

& chaungede liom vor herigaus • sorndel hii were 

agaste • 
& manie flowe in to ])e water • & some toward j'e 

see • 
& manie passede oner • & ne come neuere a^e • 
Aboute a four ]:>ousend • & fif hundred me sede • 
Atte bataile were aslawe • ]?at was a pitos dede • 
Sir philip basset ]>e gode kni^t • worst was to ouer- 
come • 11,396 
He hadde mo ]?an tuenti wounde • ar lie were 

inorae • 
Sir simond de mountfort • ]?o ido was al ]us • 
Vor]? mid him ];e king hukl • as in warde iwis • 
& l^e king of alemaine • & sir edward al so • 11,400 
In J:e castel of walingford • in Yv^arde he let do • 



1 1,382. v'erc uhour'\ aboue were C. 

11.386. }eld] ^iilde C. 

11.387. hexte of] heiest in C. 

11.388. §-] om. C. in to] iu \>e C. flcu] flci C. 

11.389. atte] al at C. 

11.391. herigaus] hergaus C. 

11.392. §•] om. C. 

11.393. neuere'] namnre C. 

11.398. simond de mountfort] symoiiud de niouiidfort C. 

11.399. mid him \>c king] }>e kyng niyd hjin C. 
11,401. walim/ford] walynford C. 



ROBEKT OF GLOUCESTEK. 751 



• Henrlcus • fol, louh 

& o]?er men }>at were inorae • he let bringe aboute • 
In ojer castels vaste inou • ]?at J^er nas no doute • 
Tokninge tut of more wo • j^at tut to comene was • 
Vr lonerd sende in siite • 1)1 a wonder cas • 11,405 
Vor a sterre wi|? a laiince • ]?at comete iclujied is • 
Aros ]>o ate dai • biuore ]>e sonne iwis • 
Fram seinte margarete tid • vort misselmasse nei • 
pat ech man mi^te wondri • ]mt ]?e sterre isei • 
per wende of him a lem • ]jat toward )?e nor]:» droii • 
Euene as it were a launce • red & cler inou* 11,411 
pulke sterre is selde iseie • bote it be to tokninge • 
& su]j]je \)ev after com • muche blod ssedinge • 
Hii J>at hulde mid ])e king • & nere noutt inome • 
Wende aboute her & ]?er • as hii mitte best bicome • 
In |;e castel of bristowe • hii come atte laste • 11,41G 
Wei an seuene baners • & hulde horn J^ere vaste • 

• & sir warin al so • [•'>-i9] 

Of bassingbourne • & sir Ion • de muchegros |?er to • 
Sir pain de chaus & sir roberd • tipetot iwis • 11,420 
& o]?er mo & hor wiues |?at ne likede no]>ing ))is • 
As to wite hor bodies • vort hii betere iseie • 
Hii hulde hom j^ere defensables • to liblje o|;er to 

deie • 
So ]?at ]>e quene aspide • J^at bote feble warde it 

nas . 11,424 

In ])e castel of walingford • j)at aboute hir sone was • 
To bristowe he sende word • |>at ]?e kni^tes mi^te wel • 
Wi|7 lute streng];e winne him out • of |)ulke castel • 
So ];at ]ns knittes • to rede hom nome • 
& mid an ]>re hundred hors • to walingford hii come • 
In a fridai iarmed • ri^t as ])e sonne aros • 11,430 

pe castel hii asailede • )?at mani man agros • 



11,403. her] har C. 
11,404-11,447, omitted in C. 
11,418. Blank as in MS. 



752 THE CHRONICLE OF 

A^en alle halwe churche • ])e verste clich liii nome • 
&5 brake ]>e otemoste wal • & wi]?inne come • 
Hii l^at wi|?inne were • l^e castel wuste vaste • 
Mid arblast and mid o|7er ginnes • vaste a^en horn 
caste • 11,435 

& sede to hom wij^oiite • bote hii wolde a^en wende • 
pat hii wolde sir edward • vawe out to hom sende 
Ili];ered wi]? a mangenel • hom wi|? hom to lede <. 
Sir edward vpe wal wi]?inne • com al so & sede • 

fol. 161. . Henricus • 

& bed hom wende hom a^e • oj^er he was ded 

iwis- 11,440 

pis o];er wende ]>ns hom • ];o hii hurde J?is • 
po sir simon de mountfort • hurde of ]?is dede • 
He let ]:'e king of alemaine • & sir edward lede • 
& sir henri ]>e kinges sone • of alemaine al so • 
To ]>e castel of keningeswur];e in betere warde to 

do • 11,445 

[5r>o] & |je kinges soster ])e contasse • sir simondes wif 

was • 
per mid hom & wat he mi^te • dude hom of solas • 
Sir simon de mountfort • in castles adde ido • 
Maistres of bi^onde se • & vpe is londes al so • 
As in ]?e castel of walingford • of douere • of windel- 

sore • 11,450 

Wardeins he made of frensse men • ]?at of j^o^te ]7ut 

lond sore • 
pe erl of gioucetre it bi spek • so ]7at J^ere was • 
parlia- A parlement at londone • to amendi suich trespas • 
So |;at ]>is tueie eiies • acorded were ]?ere • 
pat iremewed al clene • j^e frenssemen were • 11,455 



mentum. 



11,448. s?mo7i de mo%intfort\ symond de munfort C. 

11.450. of windelsore] & of wyndelsore C. 

11.451. \>ut lond] ]>e londe C. 

11.454. acorded] acordede C. 

1 1.455. iremeiocd] yremuwed C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 753 

At seint hillari tid • |?is parlement was • Incarce- 

per was J^e erl of ferers • ibroutt in hard cas • ferers! 

Vor he hadde after J^e pais • robberie iwrott • 
pe king wolde in ech manere • ]?at he Avere to de];e 

ibroit • 
Sir simon de mountford • wisliche dude inou • 11,460 
Vor he wolde in ei]?er half • riit do & no won • 
In ]>e tour of londone • in prisoun he let him 

bringe • 
Vor to saui is lif • & to paye ]?e kinge • 
po was ]'e erl of gloucetre • anuid uor mani dede • 
pat he huld so prisons • al wip>oute is rede • 11,465 
Vor suich man as he was • me tolde of him to 

lute • 
& him poxiiie J^at ]>eY was • mid sir simon to gret 

prute • 
& me sede he was adrad • )?at me him nome al 

so • 
Wi)? treson vor he was hext • & in prison him lete 

do . 11,469 

Sir Ion giffard ]>o verst • a^e sir simond turnde • 
Vor he askede prisouns • ]?at me mid riite wurnde • 
Vor he was him sulf at lewes • sone inome bi cas • 
Ac sir willam matrauers • a knitt |;at mid him 

was • 
In ]7e bataile su];]?e inome • sir reinaud le fit peris • l^^^l 

& sir alein de la souche • ]?at barons were iwis • 
Ac he let hom suj?];e go • & sir reinaud was ]?er • 
In J'e bataile snype inome • larmed as he was er • 



11,457. iti hard] iu an hard C. 

11.459. m ech .... were] y he were in eche manere C. 

11.460. simo7i de moimtfurd] symond de montfort C. 
11,464. gloucetre anuid] gloucestre anuyed C. 
11,466. lute] lite C. 

1 1,468. me sede lie] men sede J?' he C. 
11,471. tcurnde] hym wurnde C. 
11,474. inome] nom C. 

3 B 



754 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



fol, ICl b. 



Comes 
glouernie. 
& Comes 
giffard. 



• vij. 

barones. 

bristowe. 



[552] 



• Henricus • 
Sir alein was ek inome • in monekene wede • 
In ])e priorie su}?]?e • arst lie was in drede • 
& vor ,sir willam mautrauers • liom let so quit gon * 
Sir simond nolde noutt • deliueri hom sir Ion • 11,481 
To ]>e forest of dene • sir Ion wende ])0 • 
& turnde ate sir simond • & proeurede o]?er mo • 
Lewelin prince of walls • robbede mid is route • 
pe erles lond of gloucetre • in walls aboute • 11,485 
po wende ]>e erl fram londone • priueliche & stille • 
As to socori is lond • ate sir simondes wille • 
In ]7e forest of dene • to gadere sone hii come • 
He &, sire Ion giffard • & stable conseil nome • 
To holde ate sir simond ■ stabliche hii were at on • 
& borefoi'de »fo begliwurbe • ];e erl tef sir Ion- 11,491 
Wi]? liim to holde stabliche • ate sir simon in ech 

cas • 
Sir roger ek de mortimer • in is owe londe was • 
In ])e contreie of wigemor • & wuste him vaste J»ere • 
Prest wan he seie time* baner vor to arere • 11,495 
Seue baners also • ]?at ate sir simond were • 
In ]:>e castel of bristowe • hulde hom vaste jjere • 
As sir warin of bassinobourne • man of gret los • 
&5 sir roberd tipetot • sir Ion de mussegros • 
& sir pain de chawurj?e • & sir patric is bro];er • 
& ]?e o];er banerets • & knittes mani o])er • 11,501 

pe king sende ofte is lettres • ]>at hii deliueri ssolde • 
pe castel vp sir simond • & naj^eles hii nolde • 



11,478. in monchene] in a monacus C. 

11,480. manlraners'] matrauers C. 

11,483. ay'] a)en C. 

11,485. londl londes C. ylouceire'] gloucestre C. aboute'] al aboute C. 

11,491. beghwur\>e] beghwure C. 

11.493. ek ] om. C. 

11.494. ivuste] wiste C. 

11.495. wan he seie] Tvhanne hei sei C. 

11.496. baners] banerettes C. 
11,499, mussegros] muche gros C, 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 755 

Atto laste sir edward • is lottres lioni sende • 

To ^elde vp ]>q castel • ^ j^at hii ])anne wendo • 11,505 

po was among honi deol iiiou • vor hii ne dorste leng 

abide • 
Hii ^olde vp |)e castul • & wende ech in is side • 
A certein day liom was iset • of londe vor to fle • 
& sir roger ek de inortimer • deserited vor to be • 
Sir simon de Mountfort • out of warde nom • 11,510 
Sir edward him to solaci • ]>at to lute l^onc him 

com • 
He bitok him sir henri is sone • to be is compainoun • 
Wi}> him to wende alioute • to sywe him vp & 

doun . 
So ]jat after estre ■ j^e king & sir simoun • rex. &. s. 

Wende hom toward J^e march • to bringe hor fon s'^^^^^uie. 

adoun • 11,515 

• Henricus • foi, igq. 

8z sir edward & sir heni'i • & sir vmfray de boun • 

To gloucetre hii wende • to enfermi j^en toun • 

per hii bigonne mid hor ost • fourten niit abide • 

pe erl of gloucetre was • in ]?e forest biside • 

& sir Ton giffard al so • vpe an hei hul lai • 11,520 

pat me clupe]? erdlond • bo)?e ni^t & dai • Erdlond. 

Gret fur he made |7er ani^t • of wode &; of sprai • 

& tresche ladde j?er aboute • ]7at me wide sai • 

& in to gloucetre al so • ]?at is fon iseie • 11,524 

Ware hii ssolde him finde • vpe Jmlko hul hcic • 



11, .506. lenfj'] lenge C. 

11, .'5 11. lute'] lite C. 

11,512. him] oin. C. 

11,517. i>e7i] J>an C. 

11, .519. gloucetre] gloucestre C. 

11.522. he made \>er a ?»')<] hi made a nyjt J>ere C. 

11.523. tresche] cresche C. sai] i.sai C. 

11.524. gloucetre] gloucestre C. iscie] isei C. 

11.525. him] hom C. heic] an hei C. 

3 B 2 



756 THE CHRONICLF, OF 

Bi tuene ]>e erl of gloucetrc • heiemen ofte wende • 
& sir simon de ^lountford • hor herte vor to amende • 
So ]>at hii were acoided • pe tuelfte dai of mai • 
pei it were lute wiirjj • as in a tywesday • 
[553 J To stonde atte lokinge • of ]>c bissop water- 11,530 
Of wircetre tk; al so • of sir hue |>e spencer • 
Of sir willam de Mounchalsi • of sir Ion le fi^ Ion • 
Vpe ])e lokinge of }?es foure • to bringe horn aton • 
po wende sir simon be sikcr • & toward pe march 

wende • 11,534' 

Ac vnne))e he of scapede • }'at is fon him no ssende • 
pat ]>Q erl of gloucetre • mid is poer him ne nom • 
& na)?eles ];oru godes grace • to hereforde he com • 
pere he bileuede mid is est • betere cas to abide • 
pe erl of gloucetere was |?e wule • in mani wilde 

side • 
Wan me wende he were fer • ofte he was ner • 11,540 
& sir Ion giff'ard mid him • fc sir Roger de morti- 

mer • 
Vuele hii were alle ]>Ye • vorto finde ilome • 
& messagers bituene hom • & sir edward ofte come • 
So }>at ]>er was bituene hom • god fourme inome • 
Hon sir edward mi^te best • out of warde come • 11,545 
Sir simond de montfort • wisman j^ei he were • 
Het J>at me sir edward • gret reuerence bere • 
Vor to pleie vp & doun • as in compainie • 
So ]?at ]>ev was a gile yspeke • as ]7oru go d aspie • 



11,526. ofte'] om. C. 

11.528. titclfte] tuelft>e C. 

11.529. lute} lite C. 

11.531. wircetre'] -wircestre C. 

11.532. Motaichalsi] mounchalesy C. 

11.533. \>es] Hs C. 

11,536. yloucetre] gloucestre C. 

11.539. gloucetere] gloucestre C. 

1 1 .540. Wan] whanne C. 
11,649. yspehe] yspoke C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 757 

Sir edward bed sir simon • ])at he him ^eue • 11,550 
To a prikie stedes • \\d]?oiite touii leiie • 
Leue him was igraunted • god wot to wuch ende • 
So J?at su' edward • wij^oute toun gan wende • 

• Henricus • foi. ig2 b. 

An stede he gan aprikie • wel vor ]?e maistrie • 
& wi]? him adde of kni^tes • a vair compainie • 11,555 
& suppe he nom an opev • & weri hom made anon • 
& su.]>\q he nom pe J?ridde • best of echon • 
As it was er bispeke • to wuch he ssolde truste • ^^^"^^ 

He prikede it verst softe • as him lute histe • 
po he was a lute fram )?ut folk ■ wi]? spore he smot 

to gTOunde • ll,o60 

pe sides orne ablode • in a lute stounde • 
pere as of stedes • a god & quic mc fond • 
Vorp wende ]?is gode kni;t • po he was out of hond • 
Louerdinges he sede • habbe)? nou god dai • 
& grete]? wel mi fader ]'e king • & ichoUe ^uf ich 

mai • 11,505 

Ise him wel bitime • Sz> out of warde him do • 
Wat halt it long tale • he ofscapede so • 
& to ]?e castel of wigemor • |?un wei sone he nom • 
pere was ioye & bl[i]sse inou • po he j^uder com • 



11.550. sir'] om. C. 

11.551. toun'] J>e toun C. 

11.552. wuch] whiche C. 

11.553. towi] \>e toun C. • 
11,556. hom] hym C 

11.558. bispeke] bi spoke C. wuch] whuche C. truste} trjstc C. 

11.559. lute] lite C. 

11.560. lute] lite C. i>ut] J^e C. 

11.561. or7ie] ourne C. lute] litel C. 

11.562. quic] a quyc C. fond] fonde C. 

11.563. ho7id] honde C. 

11.564. Louerdinges] lorlynges C. 

11.565. yif] >if C. 

11.567. ofscapede] ofscaped C 

11.568. JjMw] J^aue C 



758 TUE CUIIONICLE OF 

Mid po leucdi of ]>c castel • dam laaud do inoitimer • 
Sone )?ut word was isend • to ir loiicrd sir Ro^er • ll,o71 
To ]?e erl ck of gloucetre • }?o lettres sone come - 
So I'at priiie parlemont • bitiiene horn liii nome • 
Hon pat liii best miltc • sii- simond to grounde 

bringe • 
To ]}e barons deserites • me seiide ek tij^inge • ll,o75 
So J^at ech in is half • gadere ost vaste • 
L to sir edward come • in );e march attelaste • 
So pat sir edward • & |?e erl of gloucetre • 
& opcr poer inoii • come to wurcetre • 
& fram panene hii weinle • & hor worre bigonne • ll,o80 
At gloucetre & J>uii touii • \pe sir simoud wonne • 
An pro Avonki! l>iuore iiiissoiner • jmhIi r hii goiine 

wende • 
& asailedt' ]nm tuini • •.\\ in |'t" iioip ciitU- • 
vVt seiut oswaldes iat • ^^ hii wi]>iiiue vaste- 
Defendede hom wel inou • pe wule hor poer ilaste • 
[55jJ [A]c bituene seint oswaldes 2at • ^: |'e norp ^at 

iwis • 11,5 8 6 

Is a long wal inou • as pe abbodes orchard is • 
& wipimie pe orchard nas no folk • ]mn toun to de- 

fende • 
peruore in pe asaut • some wipoute wende* 11,589 

& breke a pece of pe wal • ar me were wipinne iwar • 
Sir Ion giffard pe verste was • j'at in wende par • 

11,571. isend'] ysende C. ir louerd] hure lord C. 

11.576. gadere'] gaderede C. 

11.577. in] into C. 

11.578. gloucetre] gloucestre C. 

11.579. ivurcctre] wurcestre C. 

11.580. ];>a?ieue] Jeanne C. 

11.581. ]pu)i] ]>ane C. vpe] vp C. 

11.583. \>un] >aue C. 

11.584. yit] ^ate C. 

11.585. wule hor] while hore C. 

11.586. 7io;-]> yat] iior)» ^ate C. 

11.587. lo7tg tval] longe wallc C. abbodes'] abboUs C 

11.588. h(m] >ane C. 
11,591. i>ar] C; war A. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 759 

po smite liii alle in & bio: to • manion to dej'c • fol. ig3. 

pe wardeins of ]?e castel • of scapede in vnnejje • 

As grimbaud paimcefot • & is felawes echon • 11,594 

pe tu brugge hii drowe vp • & j^e ^ates made anon • 

Sir edward & is poer • wi)-oute sette vaste • 

Stronge ginnes • & ])er ^vi]> • to j^e castel caste • 

& \>e o]?er horn defendede • & Intel were agaste • 

pat aboute an pre wonke • ^e asaut bituene horn 

ilaste . 11,599 

«fc euere hii wi|>inne abide • of sir simon soconr • 
Vor elles hii nioste nede • ])e castel telde & tour • 
&5 ]?o }?at honi non ne com • ]?e castel vp hii lolde • 
To sir edward in a fonrme • ]mt hii here ne ssolde • 
Vourti dawes aten liim • amies in no }dace • 
& sir edward hom u-f lif & lime • & ^ut more 

grace • 11,005 

Hor armes & al hor o|?er j^ing • Sc hor hors echon • 
po turnde grimbaud pauncefot • to sir edward anon • 
& was imad kniit &; armes • aie sir siniond ber • 
Ac );'er nas neucreft of him • so god word as was 

er • 
po sir edward k^ ]'e erl gileberd • lior willc hade 

also- 11,010 

Hii wendc in toward j^e march • more harm to do • 
Bruggen hii breke oueral • hii ne bileuede ssip non • 
Bi weye ne bi seuerne • ]?at hii ne remuede echon • 



11,592. bro^te] broute C. 

11.595. tu bruyye] tun brugge C. drowe] drou C. 

1 1.596. poerl felawes C. 

11,598. defendede'] defended C. lutd] lite C. 

11.600. sir simoii] sire syniondes C. 

11.601. inoste'] most C. tour] J?e tour C. 

11.602. hom non] nou hom C. ^olde] ^ukle C. 

11.607. turiide] C; turne A. 

11.608. a-yc] a^en C. ber] bere C. 

11.609. neuereft] neuere efte C. yod word] goude worde C= 

11.610. hor] hore C ; ho A. 

11.612. brclx] brekcn C. 

11.613. remuede^ reniuwed C. 



760 THE CHRONICLE OF 

[.'556] per boute vor sir simond • ne ssolcle passe ]?erc • 

Ne nameliche toward bristowe • vor per of was hor 
fere • 11,015 

Vor bristowe was al in is bond • castel k ]>c toim • 
Sir simond )>ou^tc ano]^cr red • & dradde of tresoun • 
To ]'e prince of walis • lewelin }?at was • 
He wende after more belp • in is hardo cas • 
& be tok bim of fot men • gret pocr iwis • 11,G20 

Ac ]?erof come wcl vewe • a^en to wabs • 
Sir simondes sone de montfort • j^at sir simond bet 

al so • 
Bisegede ])o an castel • as be longe adde ido • 
pe castel of peuneseye • & is fader bim word sende • 
pat be bilenede ]>ulke sege • & toward bim wende • 
Sir simond ]?e ^onge • ]?is beste vnderstod • 11,626 

He gaderede bim of god folc • vair ost & god • 
& ]?en wey fram peuneseie • toward is fader be nom • 
A sein kenelmes eue • to wincbestre be com* 11629 



foi. 163 b. • Henricus - 

put folc J>at was in pe toun • pe tates made vaste • 

& waste pe toun a^en bim • pe biker longe ilaste • 

So pat mid strengpe • sir simon pen toun nom • 

& robbede & slou vaste • po be wipinne com • 

Alle pe gywes of pe toun • be let sle ecbon • 11,634 

pat me in eni stede fond • be ne leuede aliue non • 



11.614. boute'] aboute C. paase'] passi C. 

11.615. o/] om. C. 

11.618. lewelhi] newelyn C. 

11.619. ivende] sende C. 

11.624. peuneseye] peuneseie C. 

11.625. he] hei C. 

11.626. vnderstod] vnderstoude C. 

11.627. god] goude C. §• god] an goude C. 

11.628. J>e?j] )>ane C. peuneseie] penneseie C. 

11.629. sein kenelmes] seynt kenelmes C ; sein kenelines A. 

11.630. \}ut] y C. 

11.631. wuste] wyste C. him] horn C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 761 

Ac after jjulke time • of wat him was to done • 
Lute o-od cas him biuel -as messal ihure sone • 
FramVnne he wende to oxenford • l?re dawes he was 

J>ere • 
Yairore folc ne mi^te be ■ ]^an wi]? him was ]?ere • 
pe gywes he let seche • nor to quelle echon • 11,640 
Ac me ne mi^te vor no >ing • in ]>e tonne finde on • 
Fram ^anene to keningwui^e • wi]? is ost he wende • [557] 
& bere as it fel alas • is heie herte him ssende • 
Vor so muche he tolde of him sulf.fc of is grete 

mi^te • 1 u- • 4. 

pat him ne deinede no^t • to ligge • in ]7e castel bi ni^te • 
Sir edward & is ost • at wircetre ]>o were- 11,646 
Hii adde gode aspies • hou hii horn ]>o bere • 
So l^at sir edward & l^e erl • of gloucetre al so • 
& sir roger de mortimer • & mani god kni^t j^erto • ^ 
In a lammasse ni^t • saterni^t ]>&t was • 11,650 

Out of wurcetre he wende ■ mid wel god pas • 
To keningwur))e • hii come • in ]>e dawiinge • 
Hii bro^te sir simon & is men • an feble ti)?inge • 
In hor bed hii founde horn • in toune ]>o hii come • ^ 
Of softe awakiinge • hii toke lute gome • 11,655 

Vor to wel clo]?i horn • hii ne ^euc hom no tome • 
Manie hii slowe of hor fon • & heie men some hii 
nome • 



11.637. Lute'} Lyte C. biuel} biful C. 

11.638. ]?enne'] Jjanne C 

11.639. m^te] my)t C. 

11,641. miyte] my>t C. toune] touu C 

11.643. it fel] hitfulC. 

11.644. miyte] my>t C 

11.645. noyt] nout C. Jn^te] ny)t C. 

11.646. is ost] in his ost C. ^ wircetre] wirecestre C. 
11,648. gloucetre] gloucestre C. 

11.651. wurcetre] wyrecestre C he] hi C. 

11.652. dawiinge] dawy^enge C 

11.653. an] at C. 

11.654. toune] touu C. 

11.655. awakiinge] awakynge C. lute] lite C. 

11.656. yue] ^ef C. 



762 THE CHRONICLE OF 

As sir roberd erl of oxcufuid • & sir wiliaiii j'cr to • 

De mountchalsi & sir adam • de neumarcli al so • 

& sir water de coleuile •& oj'er manion • 11,000 

Ac sir simond him sulf • among alle is fon • 

In to ]>e castel of scapedc • an naked man vnne)?e • 

Ac manion )?er was inome • & mani ibrott to dej^e • 

& ]>us sir simond ]?e ^onge • was verst to grounde 

i broil tt • 
Ac naj^eles he ne les |)o • al is pocr nou^t • 1 1,065 

Ac gret ost huld inou • & tarkede in och endc • 
Him k> al is poor • aten is fader to wende • 

foi. 164. ' Henriclis ■ 

po was sir simond is fader • at hcreforde iwis • 
Mid mani a'od man of emrelond • k al so of walis • 
[5r)8] He wende hiii\ out of licivfurd • mid \air ost iiiou • 

& toward keiiingwur]>e • aten is sono he <lrou • 11,071 
k, was hor beire porpos • to biclosi lior fon • 
As wo sei)? in eij^er half • &; to ssende hom echon • 
So |;at sir simon j?e olde com • j^e moncndai iwis • 
To a toun bisidc wircetre • ]>at kemeseie iliote is • 
pe tiwesday to euesham • he wende ]>q morweninge • 
& \>GYe he let him & is folc • prestes massen singe • 
& jjotte to wende norj^ward • is sone vor to mete • 
Ac |>e king nolde a vot • bote he dinede o]>ev ete • 
& sir simon ]?e tonge & is ost • at alcestre were • 
& nolde ]7anne wende a vot • ar hii dinede ]?ere • 

11,659. mountchalsi'] raounchalsi C. 

11.661. anioiuj'] amonge C. 

11.662. of scapede an naked'] of scaped as uakedc C. 

11.663. muni] mauye C. 

11.669. god] goude C. engelo7ul] cugelonde C. 

11.670. hereford] hereforde C. 
11,672. bcire] bcyre C. 
11,674. monendai] luouedai C. 
11,67.5. wircetre] wii'cestre C. 

11.677. Wre] >er C. 

11.678. nor\>ward] forward C. 
11,680. alcestre] leiccstre C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



763 



pulke to diners • deluol were alas • 

Vor mani was [e gode bodi • l^at j^n- \^ovn islawe 



was 



Sir edward & is poor • sone come ^o ride- ^ 11,684 
To ]>e norj^half of ]fe toun • bataile iior to abide • 
po sir simon it iwuste • & hii l^at wi]; him were • 
Sone hii lete horn armi • & hor baners arere • 11,687 
pe bissop water of wurcetre • asoiled hom alle J?ere • 
& prechede hom )?at hii adde • of de]> ]?e lasse fere • 
pen wei euene to hor fon - a godes half hii noma • 
& wende j^at sir simo[nd] • ]>e ^onge a^en hom 
c[ome] . 1^'691 

po hii come in to ]>e feld • & sir simond isei • 
Sir edwardes ost • & o)>ere al so nei • 
He avisede ];e ost suijje wel • ^- ]?oru godes grace • 
He hopede winne a day • ]?c maistrio of ]>e place • 
po sei he );er biside • as he bihuld aboute • 11,696 

pe erles baner of gloucetre • & him mid al is 

route • 
As him vor to close • in ]>e o]^er half ywis • 
Out he sede redi folk • & wcl iwar is ]?is • 
& more comie of bataile • ]?an hii cou];e biuore • [559] 

Vr soules he sede abbe god • vor vr bodies be)? 
hore. . 11>701 

Sir henri he sede to is sone • j^is h&]> imad ]n 

prute • 
Were ]?i broj^er icomc • hope we mi^te ^ute • 



11,683. islawe'] asla-we C. 

11.686. it iwuste] hit wiste C 

11.687. hor] hore C. 

11.688. wurcetre] wirecestre C. asoiled] a soillcde C. 

11.689. hom] to hom C. 

11.690. pen] >ane C. to hor .... half] a godes half to hore fon C; ] 

11.695. wi7i7ie a day] a dai wynne C* 

11.696. he] hei C. 

11.697. gloucetre] gloucestre C. 
11,699. Ouy] Ou C. 

11,702. ]>i i^riite] J?e prute C. 



764 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Hii bitoke lif & soule • to godcs grace echon • 
& in to bataile smite • vaste among hor fon • 11,705 
& as gode kniites • to grounde slowe anon • 
pat hor fon flowe sone • Vicke manion • 
fol. 164 b. Sir warin of bassingbourne • j^o he )>is isei • 
Biuore he gan prikie • & to grede an hei • 
A^en traitors a^en • & habbe]> in ower j^o^t • 11,710 
Hon villiche at lewes • ^e were to grounde ibro^t • 
Turne]? aten & j^enche)? • ]jat )?ut power al oure 

is • 
& we ssolle as vor no^t • ouercome vr fon iwis • 
po was }>e bataile strong • in eij'er side alas • 11,714 
Ac atten endc was bine]?e • |>ulke }>at feblore was • 
& sir simond was aslawe • tSi is folk al to grounde • 
More mur]>re tare nas • in so lute stounde • 
Vor )?ere was werst simond • de mountfort aslawe 

alas • 
& sir henri is sone • J?at so gentil kni^t was • 
& sir hue ]>e despencer • )7e noble iustise • 11,720 

& sir peris de mountfort • J^at stronge were & wise • 
Sir willam de verous • & sir E-auf basset also • 
Sir [John] de sein ion • sir Ion diue ]?erto • 
Sir [William] trossel • sir gileberd of cisnesfelde • 
& mani god bodi were aslawe • ]?ere in j^ulkc felde • 
& among alle oJ?ere mest • reuj^e it was ido • 11,726 
pat su" simon j^e olde man • de membred was so • 

11.705. in to} to C. smite"] smete C. 

11.706. sloive'] slou C. 
11,710. ower'] )oure C. 

11.712. aycji Sf] a^e an C. \>at \>ut] M J)' C. 

11.713. ssolle] schullejj C. vr] oure C. 

11.714. bataile] batail C. 

11.715. atte7i ende] at >ane ende C. feblore] feblor C. 

11.717. )nur])re] mor^re C. hite] lite C. 

11.718. iverst] verst sire C. 

11.720. hue \>e despencer] hu'we de spenser C. 

11.721. stro7ige] riche C. 
11,722-11,725, omitted in C. 
11,726. Sf] ac C. 

11,723, 11,724. The names in brackets are added in the MS. in Stowe's 
handwriting. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 765 

Vor sir willam mautrauers • |;onk nabbe he non • '- ^ 

Carf him of fet & honde • & is limes m anion • 

& l^at mest pite was • hii ne bileuede nou^t )?is • 

pat is priue membres • hii ne corue of iwis • 11,731 

& is heued hii smiten of • & to wigemor it sende • 

To dam Maud ]>e mor timer • ]?at wel foule it ssende • 

& of al I'at me him bilimede • hii ne bledde no^t me 

sede • 
& )?e harde here was • is lich J»e nexte wede • 11,735 
Suich was ]?e mor)>re of einesham . uor bataile non it 

nas • 
& J'erwi]? lesu crist wel vuele ipaied was • 
As he ssewede bi tokninge • grisliche & gode • 
As it vel of him sulue • ]>o he deide on ]?e rode • 
pat }Joru al J^e middelerd • derkhede j^er was inoii • 
Al so ]?e wule J?e godemen • at euesham me 
■ slou . 

As in ]>e nor)?west • a derk weder ]7er aros • 11,742 
So demliche suart inoii • J>at mani man agros • 
& ouer caste it ])ozto al );ut lond • ]^at me mi^te 

vnne]?e ise • 
Grisloker weder J;an it was • ne mi^te aner]?e be • 

• Hennncus • foi. ig5. 

An vewe dropes of reine • j^er velle grete inoii • 11,746 
pis tokninge vel in ]7is lond • \o me J?is men slou • 

11,728. \>onk'] Jjonke C. 

11.732. ^nUenl smyte C. 

11.733. Jjc] de C. Joule] foul C. 

11.734. bilimede] bi lemed C, hii] he C. 

11.735. is] his C. 

11,736-11,738. Suich .... ,<70t?e] Ihu crist schevrede bi toknynge gris- 
liche & goude C. 

11.740. middelerd] myddel er)>e C. 

11.741. wule ]>e godemen] while his goude man C. 

11,743. So demliche] So dymlich C. Hcarne prints the word ' sodeinliche,' 

11,74.5. Grisloker] griloker C. 

11.746. yre^e] &gret C. 

11.747. men] man C. 



700 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Vor l^retti mile Jeanne • )ns isci roberd • 
pat verst pis boc made • & was wel sore aferd • 
Louerdinges ]>er were inome • at euesham manion • 
As sir vnfrai de boun • sir Ion le fiz Ion- 11,7") I 

& simondes sone • de mountfort sir gwy • 
Sir i)audewine de wake • sir Ion de vesey • 
Sir henri de hastinges • & sir Nicole iwis • 
De segraiie Avas j ere inome • i^' al so sir peris • 
r.jfii] & sii' roberd ])at sir peris • de moinitfort sones 

were • 11,750 

piise & wel mo were inome • in judkc mor]nv ])ere • 
Ac ]>e welsse fot men • ]»at ])vv wero manion • 
At )?e biginninge of )»e bataile • bigonne to fie echon • 
& come ]>OYu touskesburi • k. J^ere men of j^e toune • 
Slowe hom al to grounde • J^at }>ere hii leie per 

doime • 11,7G1 

So ]>icke bi strete • ]'at reupe it was to se • 
& grace nadde non of hom • to fiite nc to fle • 
po ]>e bataile was ido • & ])0 godemen aslawe 

were • 
Sir simond ]»e tonge com • to mete is fader ]>ere • 
He miite ]>o at is diner • abbe l»ileued al so 

wel. 11,766 

As me sei]^ wan ich am ded • make me a caudel • 
&: po me tolde him bi ]'e "\^'ei • wuch pe ende was 

per • 
He turnde aten to keningwnr])e • Avel longe him pou^te 

e[r] . 



11,748, 11,749, omitted ia 0. 

11,750. Louerdinijcs'] lorlyuges C. Y<-'r'\ he C. 

11,752. simondes] sire symondes C. 

11.757. Vuse] hes C. 

11.758. welsse'] Avalesch C. 

11.759. At] C; Ac. A. 
11,761. al] om. C. 
11,765. \>e -^yonge] om. C. 

11.767. a] an C. 

11.768. wuch] whuclie C. 

11.769. heningR-%ir\>c] kelnynge C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 7G7 

He miite segge wan he com • lute ich abbe iwonne • 

Ich mai honge vp min ax • febliche ich abbe agonne • 

pe king of alemaine • ))at was is moder brop>er • 11,772 

& sir reinaucl le fiz peris • & ek mani anoj'er • 

pat in is prison were • at kenigwurj'e J>o • 

po he ne sei oper red • he let horn quit go • 11,775 

pe sixte day of septembre • j^at J>o was sonen- 

day • 
He let horn go a godes half • )?o he o]?er ne say • 
pe king ]'0^te |;e loundreis • bringe al to nouite • 
& hii ofte pitosliche • is grace bisou^te • 11,779 

So jjat at misselmasse • an fourti of horn come • 
To him to windelsore • & to is grace hom nome • 
As vor al ]>e tonne • ]?e beste ichose echon • 
po king hom let bringe • in strong prison anon • 



• Henrkus • foi, u-, b, 

Hii ^olde ]>e king vp ]>o • ]'e keien of ]>e toune • 
So j^at ]>e toun was ])o • al clene ibroit )?er doune • [^C2] 

At ]'e feste of seint edward • ])c king liidd \>o 
anon- 11,7SG 

At londone a parlement • Sz heiemen manion • 
pere hii lokede po • J?at alle ]>at armes bere • 
Aten ]>e king in \>e wori-e • oj^er a^en him were • 
At norhamtone at lewes • op'er at euesham • 11,790 

Barun erl oj^er kniit • burgeis o|?er freman • 



1.770. com'} com hom C. 

1.771. hongc~\ hange C. febliche^ filileliche C. ayonnc] bi gonne C. 
1,774. keniywuri>c] kelnyngworj^e C. 

1,776. sonenday} sonedai C. 
1,780. misselmasse} myhelmasse C. 
1,782. i>e toune'] }>' toune C. 

1.784. ^olde} uilde C. toune} toun C. 

1.785. doune} doun C. 
1,78G. huld} hulde C. 

1.789. A-^ye7i} a.ye C. 

1.790. norhamtone} norjjhamtone C 



768 TEE CHRONICLE OF 

pe burgeis of norhamtone • & of londone ]>eY to • 

Were alle deserited • & hor eirs al so • 

Ac manie of J?e heiemen • ne grauntede it no^t al • 

As ]>Q king of alemaine • ne ]>e erl marschal • 11,795 

Ne sir philip basset • ne o)?er manion • 

Ne grauntede no^t ]>e lokinge • ac wij^sede it echon • 

pe contesse of leicestre • ]^at sir simondes wif was • 

De montfort & J'e kinges soster • );o heo ne sei oj'er 

cas • 
pe castel of penneseie • heo ^olde vp ]>e kinge • 11,800 
At sein simondes tid & sein lude • as wij^oute 

striuinge • 
pat heo hadde ihokle er • su|?|?e estre biuore • 
& )70 heo hadde al clene • ir ioye al vorlore • 
Me flemde ir out of engelond • wi|?oute a^e coming • 
Alas ir tueie brej^eren • j^at ei)?er of horn was king • 
& nadde bote ir one sostei' • & hire wolde so 

fleme. 11,806 

Alas were was loue ]?o • suiche domes to deme • 
po com fram bi ^onde se • to alle halwe tid anon • 
pe queue wi)? a legat • ]?at het sir otebon • 
Wi]; ]>G popes poer • to do ]fe kinges wille • 11,810 
pe legat ])0 he was icome • lute wule was stille • 
[563] Qf ^Q clergie at londone • at seint andrewes feste • 
A conseil he made & ssewede • ];ere J^e popes heste • 



11.792. norhamtone] norl>haintone C. 

11.793. hor eirs'] hore eris C. 

11.799. heo] he C. 

11.800. penneseie] C ; pennej>eie A. heo yolde vp] he ^ulde up to C. 

11.801. striuinge] stryiiynge C. 

11.802. 11,803, omitted in C. 

11.804. ir] hure C. 

11.805. ir] hureC. 

11.806. ir] hure C. hire] hure C. 

11.807. were] whare C. suiche] swuche C. 

11.808. halwe] halewen C. 

11.809. que7ie] queyne C. otebon] ottobou C. 
11,811. lute wule] lite while C. 

11,813. hcste] hest C. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 769 

Wuch poer he him ^ef • & clerkes anon • 

pat hulde wij? sir simon • he greuede manion • 11,815 

pe bissop of londone • & ]>e bissop of wircetre • 

& l^e bissop of lincolne • & ]>e bissop of eicetre • 

Wijjoute eni grace • he suspendede echone • 

pat no man horn ne asoilede • bote ])e pope one • 

po per nas o]?er red • hii wende uor]? to rome • 

pe bissop deide of wineestre • ar hii a^en come • 11,821 

• Henricus • foi. 166. 

pe o]?ere were asoiled • elles it were wou • 
& come a^en to engelond • wijj ioye & blisse inou • 
Sir simond ]?e ^onge • huld al awey vaste • 11,824 

pe castel of kenigwiir]?e • ]>e wide is poer ilaste • 
pe kni^tes were deserites • in ];e lond aboute Avide • 
Sir simond him bi )70^te • it nas nou^t god abide • 
In ]>e castel to longe • laste he were bi set • 
Him )jo^te ]?e wide contreie • wolde him liki bet • 
To ye deserites • to an yle he wende • 11,830 

pat me clupe]? exholm • ]?e bet him to defende • 
Sir edward wi)> is poer • afterward him drou • 
& to pais vor to come • bi sende him vaire inou • 
As vor kundede of blode • & ostage vor him tok • 
Sir simond him ileuede • & is felawes uorsok • 11,835 
So ]?at atte laste • to londone hii come • 
pe king & is kni^tes • conseil of him nome • 
So ]>at him was iloked • out of londe wende • 
& ]?e king of is tresorie • eche ^er him sende • 
A certein summe of sterlings . to is lines ende • 1 1,840 
pe wule he were a^e pe kin^ • of is dedes hende • 
pe wule hii speke her of • to confermi )7is cas • [564] 

Of is frend priueliche • iwarned he was • 
pat it was al gile • & ]?at hii him j^o^te caste • 
In strong prison to bileue • |?e wule is lif ilaste • 
So }7at vor drede her of • he wende him ouer 
se . 11,840 

& stilleliche stel awei • & ne com neuere ate • 

3 c 



770 THE CHRONICLE OF 

Sir roberd erl of ferers • )?at nas no^t ]>e y\it itake • 
& sir henri de hastinges • & sir baudewine de wake • 
& sir Ion deruile • & o)>ere • hor red nome • 11,850 

&; to ]>e toiin of chastelfeld • in dorbi ssire come • 
Sir Ion erl of wareine • &5 sir henri of alemaine • 
& sir warin of bassingbourne • wende mid al hor 

maine • 
& o]?er kni^t manion • toward chaster felde • 
& a witsonen eiie • hii come ]?er in j^e felde • 11,855 
-f- Sir baudewine de Avake • & sir henri de hastingc • 
& o]?ere were in hor dedut • iwcnd an hontinge • 
Sir gregori of caldewelle • sir Ion of clintone • 11,890 
Sir richard de mandeuile • j?at longe wor); in mone •+ 

foi. 1C6 b. • Hem^cus - 

-f. Sir Richard of caldeweUe • so )^at per were • 11,8G0 
To tSz; tuenti kni^tcs • vnder a spere • 
& me hontede after hom • in J;ulke manere noutt • 
Capcio & hii al an oniwar • were to ssame ibroit • 
comitisde pe erl of ferers was • ilate blod ri;t bo- 

lorers. . ' 

& he was al so sik • mid goute & oJ?er wo • 11,865 

po sir Ion deiuile • wuste in chastor felde • 

pat is fon were icome • wi)?oiite in pe felde • 

Wi]? a lute compainie • he smot out of tounc • 

Wi]? a lance he brotte a kni^t • atte verste saut }jer 

doime • 11,870 

[5G5] ^ut he percede |>e ost • & woundede manion • 
& aliue & vn nome • of scapede among echon • 
po hii come wi|)inne toun • muche folc hii slowe • 
Sone to J^e sike erl • of ferers hii drowe • 
& nome him as ilate blod • he was & fol of goute • 
& to ]?e tour of londone • hii ladde him wij> gret 

route. 11,875 

pere he lai in prison • as he adde ido er • 
pe king vor him & vor his • he grauntede is lond 

)7er • 

11,858-11,861 should follow line 11,893. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 771 

Vort he him mi^te o]?er his • of sterlinges paie • 

To & fifti ]?ousuiid pound • al in one daye • 

& so he was deliured • wij^oute lond & fe • 11,880 

God wite in o dai • wan it aquited be • 

Sir henri de hastinges • to keningwur];e him drou • 

& vond ]?er vair compainie • of god folc inou • 

Sir Ion de eiuile • & mani oj^er kni^t • 

To wodes & to fekles • hulde horn day & ni^t • 11,885 

Of castel of kenino-wurVe • wardeins ber were • kening- 

Sir willam de la cowe • J>at constable was ]?ere • 

& sir Ion de la warre • maister of echon • 

Hii addo of stalewardemen • mid hom manion • 

Hii adde wel astored • ]?en castel in ech side • 11,890 

Of corn & fless igadered • in 'pe contreie wide • 

Sir hem-i de hastinges • mid hom was al so • 

& sir Nicole de bois • & mani god kni^t |?er to • 4* 

Maister peris of radenore • j^at was ich vnder .1. verte 

pe stalwardeste clerc on • of al engelonde • 11,895 duo ex ilia 

Mani was ]>e gode bodi • ]?at ]>ev al so was • ex'^is^ta "^ 

& leuedies & maidenes • J>at no ]>g betere it nas • parte. 

• Henricus • foi. ic7. 

& hii suore hii nolde telde • j^e castel man aliiie • [566] 

Bote |;e contesse pf leicestere • sir simondes wine • 

So wel hii were astored • of eche gode store • 11,900 

& of stalwardemen • bold hii were J^e more • 

pe king anon to missomer • mid strengj^e & mid 

ginne • 
To keningwur]?e wende • J»en castel to winne • 
He suor he nolde ]?anne • ar he were wij^inne • 
So longe hom spedde baddeliche • ]?at hii mi^te as wel 

bKnne • 11,905 

Hor ^ates hii wij»inne • none closi nolde • 
Vppe hii stode nitt & day • come in wo so wolde • 
Out hii smite wel offce • wan me to nei come • 
& slowe vaste in eij'er half- & prisuns nome • 

3 c 2 



772 THE CHRONICLE OF 

& bouite horn su)^}>e wi}> raunson • snich lif longc 
ilaste. 11,910 

Mid mangenels & ginnes • hor ei|?er to oj^er caste • 
pe Icgat tfc ]7e erchebissoj") • wi]? horn al so iiomo • 
Tucic o]7ere bissops • & to keningwur)?e come • 
To makie acord wij? j^e king • & ]>e deserites al so • 
& horn of pe castel • nif it miite be ido • 11,015 

Ac j^e deserites nolde nott • do al after );e kinge • 
Ne hii of ]?e castel naj^emo • ne stonde to hor lokinge • 
pe legat mid is rede cope • amansede ]>o • 
Horn )?at in ]>e castel were • & tut )jer to wel mo • 
Alle ]7at horn holpe • o)?er were at hor rede • 11,920 
Oj^er to hom ensentede • in wille oJ;er in dede • 
Hii of ]7c castel tolde • her of gret despit • 
Cope & dpev clo}'es • hii lete make of wit • 
& maister philip porpeis • ]>&t was a quointc man • 
Clerc and hardi of is dedes •& hor cirurgian • 11,925 
[567] Hii made a wit legat • in |>is cope of wit • 
Ate ]>e o]?er rede • as him in despit • 
& he stod as a legat • vj^e ]>e castel walle • 
& amansede king & legat • & hor men alle • 
Suich game ilaste longe • among hom in suich 
striue . 11,930 

Ac wel god nas it noit • to soule ne to liue • 
Sir Ion deiuile • & oJ?ere ]?at deserited were • 
Nome ]>e yle of eli • & hiilde hom vaste |?ere • 
& in grauntebrugge ssire • of o}^er mannes inov • 
Vette & astorede hom • pei it were mid wou • 11,935 

foi. iG7b. ' Henricus ' 

pe gy wes hii slowe ek • ])at hii mitte finde • 

Hor tresor ne hor o]?er god • hii ne lete nou^t 

bihinde • 
pe king at sein bartelmeus tid • made ich vnder 

stonde • 
At keningwur]?e a parlement • of heiemen of ]>e 

londe • 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. t (o 

To chese six wisemen • hii lokede ]?ere • 11,040 

pre bissops & j^re barons • Jje wisoste ]^at ]?er were • 

k> hii wan hiiwere isuore • oj^er sixe toke- 

Gode fourme among horn • of ]?e lond to loke • 

& of ]?e deserites • so ]?at a voreward • 

pe bissop hii chose of bal^e • water giffard • 11,945 .xij. 

^ . , _ -. , . ^ , prouisores. 

& maister nicole of eh • bissop of wiircetre • 

pe p'ridde was p>e bissop • water of excetre • 

pe \vQ baruns were • wisemen of |?e lond • 

Sir roffer de someri • sir roberd wah^ond • 

Sir alein de la souche • & ]?us sixe iwis • 11,950 

Chose j?o hii were isuore • sixe oj^ere after |?is • 

pe erl gileberd of gioucetere • j^e erl vmfrai al so • 

Of hereforde & }^e bissop • of sein dauid ]?er to • 

Sir Ion de bailol • sir philip basset • C^^^] 

Sir warin of bassingbourne • hii ne mi^te chese no 

bet. 11^955 

& bote hii mi^te acordi • \&X hii }?e legat toke • 
& sir henri of alimaine • ri^t & lawe to loke • 
& J7e tuelf eode to gadere • & ofte were ato • 
It was nei alle halewe tid • ar it were ido • 
po let ];e king someni • a^e ^e tiwesday • ^ _ 11,960 ''^^^^ 
Next biuore alle halwe tid • as is conseil bi sai • touie. 

Bissopes & abbodes • & priores per to • 
Erles & barons • & kni^tes al so • 

pat hii were at norphamptone • to hure & at stonde • 
To pe lokinge of pis tuelfe • of pe stat of pe londe • 
pere it was despepled • pe edit ywis • 11,9GG 

pat was pe ban of kenigwurpe • pat was lo pis • 
pat per ne ssolde of heiemen • deserited be none • 
pat hadde iholde a^e pe king • bote pe erl of leicetre 

one • 
Ac pat alle pe opere adde • a^en al hor lond • 11,970 
Oper hor eirs pat dede were • bote pat pe king in is 

bond • 
It hulde to an terme • pat pere iloked was • 
Vif ;er some & some foure ■ euere vp is trespas • 



774 THE CHRONICLE OF 

foi. 168. • Henricus • 

& some ]?re l^at lest was • & wan al were ido • 
pat ech man hadde is londes . j^at ri^t adde ))er to • 
pis lokinge was riit fol • in such destresse iwis • 
Ac euere ]>e sege of keningAVurj^e • ilaste vov al 

|;is. 11,977 

In siknesse hii wij^inne • velle atte laste • 
Of menison & oper vnel • );at hii feblcde vaste • 
& )7at hom ne com no socour • hii seie al so wcl • 
So ]>at as hii nede mostc • hii ^olde \q) ]>en castcl • 
[•^6^1 Sane euerich lif k, lime • & chatcus al so- ll,9iS2 

Nc ]'at non neic descrited • ne in prison ido • 
In |?is foiirmc ahoute midcwinter • ye castcl Isolde 

was • • 

Meseise men hii come out • as no wonder nas • 11,985 
po wende ]>e king al in pes • to holde is kinedom • 
Ac tut sone J^er after • a nywe cas him com • 
Vor l^e crl gileberd of gloucetere • somdel mid suike- 

dom • 
Gret poer & inou • priueliche him nom • 
& ]7e te]?e day of lud • in to londone he drou • 11,090 
& made |?o he was wijnnne • j^e ^ates vaste inou • 
& huld ate J>e kinge • jmn toun & alle his • 
Sore was ]>e king anuid • J;o he hurde ]?is • 
pe legat was ]>o in ];e tour • him he bilay • 
& bisegede him )?er • boj^e ni^t k, day • 11,995. 

pe legat was sore adrad • vor to be inome • 
No|?er mete ne drinke • ne moste in to him come • 
Manie deserites • to J^e erle drowe • 
pat he adde mid him • au^te men inowe • 
pe king wende to londone • to helpe )?e legat • 12,000 
Ac he ne moste come • wij?inne neuer a ^at • 
pe deserites wolde • bataile him ^iue anon • 
Ac l>e erl nolde nout • ac destourbede ech on • 
pe king wende to stratford • to abide more mi^te • 
& aboute londone • is pauilons pitte • 12,005 

11,977. Haste'] & laste A. 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 775 

Bi a posterne |?e legat • ]?oru quointise & gile .^ 

Hii bro^te to stratford • wi]?oiite londone to mile • 

pe king aboute londone • was mid is route • 

A mon)?e vorto abbe is toun • & eiiere he was 

wi]?oute • 
& ei^te wouke wi]?inne • ]?e erl him hiild [l^ere] 12,010 [57o] 
polu ]?e king of alimaine • acorded su]?];e [hii were] 

. Henricus • ^'^^^ ^^^ ^• 

& ]7oru sir philip basset • & ]?is me huld ]>o • 

An ende of a foxes wrenche • vor ^iit he couj^e 

mo • 
po was ]mt lond in pes • wi)?oute destoiirbance • 
& )?e worrc nas no leng • )7oru ]>e pourueance • 12,015 
per after sone sir edward • as ich vnder stonde • 
pc crois nom at norhamptone • to ]>e holi londe • 
Sn]>]>e ]>er was at londone • a lute destance ich 

wene • 
In xer of grace tuelf hundred •& sixti & tene • 12,010 
So ]'at l^e erl of warcine slou • atte verste touche • 
Biuore )?e iustises atte bench • sir alein do la souche • 
pe king was ]?er of anuid • vor ]?e gi'ete wou • 
pe erl hadde so gi-et help • ]>at he of scapede wel 

inou • 
Vor Ve sonendai after lammasse • biuore ]>e king he 
^ 12,024 

com • . x^jV^t: 

At winchestre as him was iset • to avonge is dom • 
Mid him vine & tuenti kni^tes • ];un o]> suore ]>er . 
pat he ne dude it vor non vuel • ne malice bi speke 



er 



Ne in no despit of ^e king • & vor ]?is trespas • 

He tef ]>e king tuelf hundi-ed marc • & ipaised was • 

po wende sir edward • toward pe holi londe • 12,030 

pulke heruest nobliche • as ich \Tiderstonde • 

& after ]>e assumption • ]>e vifte day iwis • 

He dude him in l^e se • at douere he & his- 

12,008. pe-] Wi A. 12,026. oJ>] of A. 



77G THE CHRONICLE OF ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 

pe quene wende vorJ> mid him • & is vnclo j'at was • 
Sir willam de valance • & al so sir thomas • 12,035 
Of clare & sir i)ain de chaus • & of Clifford sir roger • 
& sir roberd tipetot • & mani oper j^er • 
[571] Sir henri of alemaine • j'erafter sone alas • 

Wende to ]>c court of rome • to make som jiurchas • 
In ]?e mon)?e of lude as he com • hamward bi cas • 
In ])(i toun of biterbe • aspied he was • 12,041 

Vor in a friday \>e morwe • vp sein gregories day • 
As he stod at is masse • as \>\\t folk isay • 
Biuore )?e weued in is bedes • at |>e secrc ri^t • 
Com sir gui de mountfort • ]>at was stalwarde kni^t • 
& is aunte sone alas • larmed wel inou • 1 2,04(J 

[MS. is & comp[ain]ic^ wij> him • & to him euene droii • 
torn.] ^ .s[mot h]im )?oru out wi)> is suerd • &; villiche him 
slou • 
& [ ]tat of holichurche • me )?inc|> wijj vil 

wou • 

' Not commune, as Hearnc prints it. The top of the p remains, and 
there is a slight stroke to the right of the i as elsewhere. 



APPENDIX. 



APPENDIX. 



In this Appendix with few exceptions the text is that of a, the various 
readings of the other MSS. bemg quoted below. 



A (page 11, line 151). 
In a/37 the three wonders of England are arranged in 

the following order : — 
preo wondres bu]? in engelond . j^at on lo is |>is ^^S"^ 

Op on ])G hul of ]>e pek • for ])G wynd |;er ywis JU^g /' 

Come]? out of j^an crj^e • of holes as hit were 
& so stronge blowe]? • )jat he wolde arere 
& here vji grete cloj^es • ^if hij were J^er ney 5 

And blowen her & )?ere • vp bi ]?e lofte an hey 
Who so wole of ]>is wonder • |?at ri^tc so]?e ywite 
In ]?e book of philosophise • he mai finde ywTite 
pat of l?e water wawes • ')?at vnder vi-}7e ^onge]; 
Swijje grete wyndes • j^e hole we erj^e fonge}) 10 

pat breke]? out j^er hij finde]? • eni holes ywis 
Whar of swiche wondres • be]? manion & )?is 



1. 6?<}'] ben fiy. is] hit is fiy. 

2. Op on] Vp on By. hul] hUle By. J>e/jeA] peck B ; Peeke y. 

3. \>aH] J>at By- 

4. he] hit By- 

.5. grete] gret B- ''V'\ J'^i ^ ! t^^y y (& passim). net/] nejy B ; 

nye y. 

6. Ac//] hey> B ; hye 7- 

7. i,at] H By- ytvite] wjte By- 

8. y write] wryte 37- 

9. urj>e] erthe 187. >on.^eI'] longeJ> ^7. 

10. SjiJiJ'e 9re<e] Swiche gret By- holewe] holowe B ; holuwe 7. 

12". swiche] suche] ^37. ie>] ben By- manion &f] many mo 

t)an )37. 



780 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. B. 

Ac wliav so hit Ijifalle}' • ]>at ]>o cr)K' is ,so fast 

pat )?o wynd nc i)assez • he schouuep ^ )7rast 

pat al )?e er]/e quaki^e)? • & schakep onymete 15 

& ofte avelhi)^ halles • & walles tbl grete 

Bathonia. pat o]7er wondev is ]>is • non more ich not 

pan is ]7at water in ba)>e • }>at euere is iliche hot 
And fresch & nywe springe)^ • be j^e chele ne so gi'et 
Swiche per he]> monye • in clos & in stret 20 

Stonhcnge. Op on ]>e playn of salusburi • ) e j^ridde wonder is 
Stonhenge hit is icleped • wel ferlich ywis 
per stonde)^ stones grete • none more mowc beo 
Opritt &> somdel hey;e • hit is wonder ham to seo 
& o]?ere Hgge]? heyze aboue • \f&i man mai beo aferd 
And j)inche mnche wonder • liou hij were arerd 26 
For nis J^er noper g}'n ne vys • |^at liit my^te do 
Telle me schal er after • of |>is wonderes two 

B (page 40, line 544). 
Instead of lines 544, 545, a^ have the following: — 
pat was yhote kambre • after kamber ywis 
Primus Albanac hadde eke • lond wijjoute mis 



rex. 



13. Ac'\ But $y witar'] where fiy. hit] it fiy. 

14. passez} passej> $y. schouuei)] showcj) sore ^7. 

15. quakiye^y] quake)> $y. oni/mete] whan >ei luete fiy. 

16. avelluY} afalle)> fiy. f<>l] ful fiy. 

17. ich not] I wote fiy. 

18. pa7i] That Py. iliche] ylikc fiy. 

19. Jiywe] newe fi; nuwe 7. \>e chele] colde ^87. Jio] neuerc &y. 

20. be]> monye] beu manye ^7. 

21. Op oil] Vpon fiy. 

22. icleped] callid fiy. xvel ferlich] agret wonder ^7. 

23. heo] be )3. 

24. Opri-yt] Vpry^t fiy. somdel] sumdel &y. ham] hem ^87. sea] se ^87. 

25. aferd] aferde i87. 

26. )>inche] )jenke J87. arerd] arerede ^7. 

27. nis ]>er] >er nys 187. ?ie] no fiy, hit mt/yte] my^th hit P 
myght hyt 7. 

28. me] men fiy. e>] here ^7. >js] J^ise ^7. two] to 7. 
B. 1. yhote] callid 167. kambre] kamber i37. 

2. eke] also ^7. 



Apr C, D.] Robert of Gloucester. 781 

Al bitonde humber • and Scotlond |?at was his Scocie. 

Albaniie he hit clepede -after his name ywis 

Locryn J^at was vldest • hadde sumdel |>at beste 5 [Piim]us 

Al out ]?at lond bitwene • fram est into ]>e weste ^'^^ Anghe. 

Al }?is lond het Loegre • after lociynes name 

Hit was wel )?at beste • |>er of nas no blame 

C (page 47, line 651). 

Instead of line 651, o^y have the following : — 

And Alud he makede ek • & so maidenes castel 

pe castel of edeneboreu • jjat nou ycleped is 

pe castel of mount dolerous • he makede ek ywis 

po was prophete nathan • & of Israel was king 

Dauid & makede ]>e sauter • j^at com to god ending 5 

D. (page 48, line 659). 

After line 659 are inserted in a^ the following : — 

Opon ]?e mount palidour • lie makede after ];is 
O castel )>at chasterbury • nouj^e ycleped is 
And zut he made on o)?er • )?at Septone het ek 
po me makede ]>e fundement • of prophecie on ern 
spek 



A. Albaniye'} Albany $y. clepede'\ callid fiy. 

5. Locryn'\ Lokerin fiy. vldest'] eldest ^y. \>at beste'] j^e best fiy. 

6. loiid] londe 187. weste] west fiy. 

7. lond] londe ^y. het] hijtySy. Loegre] \o«rce fiy. 

8. Hit was wel] Lo it was wel /8. )>at beste] >e best fiy. nas ?io] 
was he not to fiy. 

C. 1. makede ek] made also ^y. so] om. fiy. 

2. edeneboreu] Edenborgh jSy. ycleped] callid ^y. 

3. dolerous] dolours j8y. makede ek] made also 7. 

4. po was] Than \>e &y. Sf of Israel was] of Israel he was ^y. king] 
kynde 7. 

5. makede] made ^y. 

D. 1. Opon] Apon ^37. makede] made ^87. 

2. nou)>e] now ^y. ycleped] callid ^y. 

3. ^yut] ^it 187. on] an i87. het] hl)t fiy. ek] eke ;87. 

4. \>o me makede] When men made Hy. ern] Erie fiy. spek] speke fiy. 



782 THK CHRONICLE OF [APP, E., F. 

piilke time )>at amos • agge and loel 5 

Duden here prophecyes • & prechede so wel 

E (page 49, line 672). 

Instead of lines G72-G75, a(3y have the following : — 
To londone he wende ]>o • mid wel gret route 
& ];er he nom his fej^erhome • & heng him faste 

aboute 
& ]>er hi bigan his fli^t • & fley him swij^e an hey 
Vp bi ^Q lofte fer • and ]>e wolkne was wel ney 
pe wynd com mid stormes • J70 we]?elede his fe)?eres 5 
pe stringes ]?at helde ]>at gyn • for ]fQ grete wederes 
To borsten and \>e king adoun • fel opon J^e rof 
Of appolines temple so • |?at he alto di-of 
Appolines temple was • at londone in J?at dawe 
Vor ])at was here maumet • in }>at vlke lawe 10 

panne bladulf ded was • & hadde swiche endingc 
pus was ]>o )?is kinedom • bireued of ]?e kinge 

F (page 51, line 701). 

After this line /Sy add: — 
With al mancre nobley • and lewellis ]>Sit to ]>ec longe]? 
He schal haue good ynou^ • what lorde ))at ]>ee fon- 

gej) 



5. pulke'] Thilke fiy. 

6. Duden} Diden fiy. 

E. 1. wende )jo] •went t'an 0y. tvel} rijt fiy. 

2. >t'r] om. 7. yiomi toke $y. fe\>erhome'\ fe^erham ^y. hencj'] 
henge fiy. faste'] fast ^y. 

3. fley him'] flowe ^y. swi];>e an hey] fer and hi^c ^y. 

4. Vp hi J>e] Vppon fiy. tvoUaie] sky fiy. iccl 7n'y] rijt nyio 0y. 

5. mid] with fiy. ive\>elede] -vrelovred ^87. 

7. To borsten] Al to braste ; Al to brake 7. opo7t] apon fiy. 

8. Of] Atte7. 

9. ivas] om. 7. 

10. maiimet] mawment 0y. vlke] ilke fiy. 

11. swiche] suche fiy. 

12. ]>o] \>2t.nfiy. bireued] bireuede ^87. 



App. G.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 783 



G (page 6Q, lines 903, 904). 

Instead of lines 903, 904, «,% insert the following, of 
which 8 has a part only : — 

Ac blod l^er ron & fli^ene • in his time ywis 

pat muche folc ]>er deiiede • ase hit ywriten is 

Riual ^vysliche held |?is lond • forto his endyng 

Gurgustinus ]7at was his sone • after him was king 

per after siluius was king • & sone fel to grounde 5 

& lago was ]?er after king • on litel stounde 

Eyte wike and na mo • & partede out of lyue 

Se}>)?e was king Marke • ];ritti wikes alyue 

Gorbodiagus j^er after • her was vif lev king 

& tweite sones hadde • wyj^ere ]:>oru alle J^ing 10 

Ferreus het ]>e vldere • ]>e tongore porex was 

pis brej^eren Avere wij^ere • bitwene ham no loue nas 

To fore p>e fader ylome • in contek tfc fitttyng were 

Vor wham j?e fader hadde • of ham muche fere 



Cr. 1, Ac"] But Py (& passim). ronl roone ^87. fliyene] flixse ^y^. 

in\ on S. 

2. \)er dei'^ede] \>o deyden 5. ywriten'\ writen /Sy. 

3. forto'\ vn to ^y ; forthe to 5. 

4. Gurgustinus] Gurgustius 5. 

5. per after siluius was] Parsillius was after 5. siluius] Siluus ^. 

6. on] one fiy ; a 5. 

7. wike] wikes /S-y ; wokes 5. no, vio] no mo /SyS. 

8. Se\>\>e] Sil^e ^y ; After 5. king Marke] kinmarke 5. \>ritti] 
J>retty ^y. wikes] wokys 5. alyue] on lyue 5. 

9. Gorbodiagus ]>er after] There after Gorbodiagus 5. 

10. twei^'ye] two fiy^. hadde] he had 5. wy\>ere] whi)>er fiy ; 
wythyr 5. \>oru] }>urgh ^y ; in S. 

11. Ferreus] Feireus 5. het] hi^t ^y^. vldere] elder ^875. 

12. wi\>ere] wythyr 5 ; wrothe fiy. 

13. To fore >e] Afore here ^y. ylome] lome 5 ; ofte tymes ^y. 
fiyttyng were] fyght J^ey were 5. 

14. wham] whom fiy; whan 5. of ham] ofte of hem 5. muche] 
meche 5. 



784 THE CHRONICLE OF [Al'P. G. 

pe vldere -seide he woklo • liim siilf lialilie al ]ns 

lond 1 •) 

pe iongore swor he wolde ra)?er • liiin sle mid his 

hond 
Ferreus him was so grim ' j>at Ids bro};er he poute sk' 
Porex hit vnder let • sori j^er fore was he 
& Hey into france • to ]>e king ])at het Siward 
And bad him );at he moste • woni^en on his eard 20 
Glad was j?e king of him • & ham pat mid him come 
And ^af him gode leue • & he bilefde isome 
Wei he ])ayde ]>ane king • &; ]>c fjuene also 
& |>er ho liuede seue ter ■ &; )>o hi were al ido 
per lie nuin his leue • i; hider wolde wende 2.") 

And ])ad me scholde him leno folc • his broj'er to 

schcndc 
So pat pe king & frendes • him lendc fair ferde 
And he com in to |>is londe • & gret sore we arerde 



15. vlderel elder ByS. huhbc'] liauejSy. 

16. sivor'\ seyd 5. ra\>er him sle] him sle arst 5. "«"^] ^vith /SyS. 

17. him'] he /SyS. \>oute] \>o\\xi ^. sle] to sle 5. 

18. vnder %ci] vndiT stode ^78. sori \>er fore] therforc ful sorje 5. 

19. fle;i] flowe ^y; fleyu' 5. hel] \\\yt $y. 

20. bad] prayed fiyS. him] om. 5. moste] most 5 ; myxt 187. 
woniyen] woniicn;87; ilwellen 5. card] earde fiy ; warde 5. 

21. him] his come 5. ham] of hem fiy ; alle 5. mill] with $yS. 
come] dcd wone 5. 

22. (/ode] ryyht good 5. he bilefde isome] lie byleued J'er ylome 0y.. 
gan him to louo wel soue 5. 

23. Wel he payde] Ful wel he gan plese 5. \>a7ic] )>e ^875. Sc] 
and eke 5. 

24. ]>er he liuede] belefte )>ere 5. seue] seuen ^37 ; seuene 5. \>o] 
when /375. hi] hei 187 ; \>o jerys 5. al] om. 5. ido] 
ago ^y. 

25. per] Thanue ^y ; Tho 5. he nom] he toke i85 ; toke he 7. hider 
wolde] hedirward Jjought to 5. 

26. bad me scholde] jraycd men schulde ^37 ; prayd ]>c kynge to 5. him 
lene] leene him By ; lene him S. to] for to /87S. 

27. freiides] o}>er frendus S. him lende] him lente ^37 ; lente him S. 
fair ferde] faire ferde $y; a grete oste wel gerede S. 

28. A7id] So t>at 5. m to] to J87. sorewe] sorowe ^87. 



ApP. G.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 785 

He slou his vlder broj'er • J^at ri^t eyr au^te beo 
ludon het hare moder • wel sori ]>er fore was heo 30 
pat porex ]>e ^ongore • slou ferreus jjus mid won 
Heo louede more ]?an eldre • }?an porex of ynou 
Heo was gi-am & swij?e wro]? • & wordes spac fewe 
& J70ute heo wolde porex • of his lif bi reue 
Porex slep in boure • sikerliche him ]70ute 35 

pe moder com to spek him y\i]> • & gret fole puder 

broute 
In to boure hi wende • ludon &■ o]>ev wyues 
pat heo broute mid hure • mid sixe ]onge knyues 
pe moder his J^-ote carf • ]>o wa« heo vnfele 
Mid hare sexes hi corue • )?at bodi pece mele 40 

pat was a luj>er moder • me seide in al ]>e londe 
ludon )7at slou hure sone • mid hure owe honde 
po nas ]>er man ne wimman • of kunne on ]?isse londe 
])at miite bi eritage • ]?e kinedom habbe on honde 



29. He'] And 5. vlder] elder &y. auyte] au)t to $yS. 

30. ludon fiet hare model] Ilor moder bat hyght Indon 5. ludou] 
ludoun ^y (& passim) wel] ful ^y. \>er fore] \>q 5. 

31. yonyore] ^ynger brot>ere 5. \>ns mid won] >at was elder 5. 

32. Heo] Fore sche 5. more . . . tpiou] but litel Porex l>e elder sche 
loued ynou J fiy. )>an eldre] J>e elder 5. porex of ynou] sche 
ded Porrex \>^ ^ynger 5. 

33. yram] gramed 5. swi\>e] ri)t ^. wordes spac] spak wor- 
dus 5. 

34. heo] |>at sche 5. lif] lyue J87. 

3.5. Porex] And as Porrex 5. step] slepe fiy slepte 5. him] as 

him 5. 

36. pe] His 5. him wi\>] with him &y. yret folc \>uder] many 
folk w' hir S. 

37. hi wende] }po sche went 5. 

38. sixe lonye] longe kuttynge 5. 

39. \>o was heo vnfele] ffore sche was vnlele S. 

40. Mid here sexes] W sexys 5. hi corue] J>ei corue him ffy ; ]>o 
\>ey carf S. i>at] his 5. pece 7nele] in pece mele $y. 

41. lu]per] \ei>eT fiy ; luj^ere 5. me] men 1875. 

42. owe] Owen $yS. 

43. po 7ias] Than was /3-y5. man] not>er man fiy. wimman] wom- 
mau $y ; wyfe 5. kimne] kynne fiy ; J>e kynne 5. on] in fiyS. 
\>isse] t>is /SyS. 

44. eriiaye] ryght heretage 5. on honde] an honde 5. 

3 D 



78G THE CHRONICLE OF [Al'P. G- 

Bote ]>Q schrewo ludon • ac for hure sone heo sloii 45 

Heo was ]?ro\vc in ]>e see • )>at was hure god ynou 

po gan here wexe werre • & echman slou oj^er 

& robhede Sz, reuede • )?ei he were his bro]?er 

Her was hunger & hete • wo was ]>e vnstronge 

Her was muche manquahn • wrake was in londc ^O 

Fewo lefde alyue • ac foure her were proute 

Louerdinges bilefd • mid wel grcte route 

Hi speke ham to gadere • & seide ]>&t hi wolde 

]?is lond ham dele bitwene • and );at hi lete 

nolde 
Stater hadde scotlond . & pyner locgi-es y wis 55 

Cloten hadde comwaile • & Rudac norj) walis 
Ac cloten hadde mest ri^te • to j^isse kjTierichc 
Ac )>e o]>ere were strengore • k> Kichore oniliclie 
&; cloten hi for leten • & his foredene for howede 
& Cloten hadde comewail in pes • & wel lie hit 

louede 00 



45. l>c] Jjjs 5. 

46. ^rowe'] ythrowe 5, j'n] in to 5. hure"] to hure 187; for 
her 5. 

47. po] Thau fiy. (fan here icexe'] bygan to wcx 5. 

48. reuede'] rende ^y ; eke revyd S. t>et] Jjouj ^78. he} hit 5. 
/us] hys own 5. 

49. vnstrontje'] vnstronge in honde &y. 

50. muclie'] grete S. manquahn'] manquellynge ^y. ivrake was 
in londe] wrathe was in londe ^y ; and endured al to longe 5. 

51. lefde] leuyd fiy; here were lefte 5. alyue] on lyue 5. proule] 
fill proute 6. 

52. Louerdinges] Lordynges fiyi. bilefd] t)at byleuyd here fiy ; )>at 
here bylefte 5. wel] ryjt J87 ; ful 5. 

53. to gadere] to gider fiy ; to gedrcs 5. 

54. dele] del /Sy. lete] lette ^y. 

55. Stater] Scater 5, loegres] logres ^7. 

57. mest] most /Sy. \>isse] J>is ^878. hi/neriche] kyngeryche ^87 ; 
kyngriche S. 

58. strengore] stronger ^878. Richore] rycher ^378. oniliche] 
vuliche 187 ; onlyche 8. 

59. §•] But fiy ; om. 8. for leteti] schoned 8. foredene] fordene)87; 
feythhed 8. for howede] forhoued 8. 

60. wel] om. 8. 



ApP. G.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 787 

Anne sone he hadde ]>o • was god & hardi knyt 

He was fair .Sz; eke muche • & kene on eclie fyt 

& was ^eue cousti • & j^ewes hadde gode 

Fan- man he was ynou • & eke of mikle mode 

& kino- was after Cloten • dunual his name was GS 

So fair king ase he neuer er • in |?is londe ysey^e 

nas 
He made ]?e deuyse • and eke mahnusburi 
So he dude lacos • and also tetteburi 
He bifond furst )?at j^eoues • f&t to temple yflowe 

were 
pat noman nere so hardi • j?at dude ham despyt ];ere 
pat was yholde euereft • as hit was bigonne ]>o 71 

Holi churche hit halt ^ut • and wole after euere mo 
Fourti ^er he lyuede • on )?isse lond king 
And was ibured at londone after his ending 
Belinus & brennius • his twelve sones were 75 

pat furst toward rome • wen-e gonne rere 



61. Anne'\ One fiy, AS. he hadde i>o] hadde he }>iin fi ; hadde thau y. 
was'] )?at was 1875. yod] a holde 5. 

62. muche] inechc 5. 011] in $y. 

63. yeue cousti] )iue to constync j8 ; yiue Costyne y ; trewe & trustye 5, 
Sf \>ewes] and of thewes 5. hadde] he hadde 7 ; fid 5. 

64. of milde] mylde of 5. 

65. du7iual] Dunnal 187 ; and Dunal 5. 

66. king] a kynge 5. he] he was fiy. er] om^.^. yset/ye] 
Isene fiy ; om. 5. 

67. 68, omitted in 5. 

67. deuyse] Castel of Vyse fiy. 

68. lacos] lacoge /3 ; lacog 7. tetteburi] Tottebury 7. 

69. \)eoues] })eues fiyS. 

70. 7iere] were fiy ; ne were 5. i^at dude ham] to done hem fiy; Jjat 
ded hem 8. 

71. euereft] aftirwarde 37; .euere after 5. 

72. halt] holde> Py. }ut] ^it fiy, jytte 5. after] here 
after 5. 

73. 74, omitted in 5. 

73. i>isse loud] Hs londe &y. hiiiy] thynge 7. 

74. ibured'] buryed 187. 

75. Belinus] Belin 8. tweiye] two ^ ; to 7. 

76. \>at . . . rere] The ferst men J>at werre to Rome gon arere 8. 

3d 2 



788 THE nmoNicLE of [App. G. 

After hare fader dej^e • hi stryuede longe 

Whe)?er of ham scholde • )>i.s kinedom vnder fonge 

So ]ysbi hi acordude • J^at belin j;e vider ywys 

Hadde al bisoupe humber • &; comwaile & waHs 80 

& l)rennius )>e ^ongere • to hiin hadde al so 

pat lond al bizende humber • & scotlond }>cr to 

And dude homage to belin • ase to louerd & king 

& syute & seruyse • wel on alio |)ing 

Ac nas hit bote fif Zer • |?at lui|>ere men nc come 83 

Vor to apai^e brenni • & bede him nime gome 

pat he ne scholde to belin • abowiie riit nout 

For of one king & quene • hij A'erc beiie ywrout 

& mid al so god riite • king he scholde boo 

As his bro)7er belin • & j?at me scholde yseo 90 

To ]>e king of norewcizo • hii raddc in alio wise 

pat he scholde wende • wi|' cute feyntise 

His douter to spousi • )>at he him })eodre ditte 

And he him w olde helpe • to winnen his riite 

What chale longe tale • ac ido was al )?is 95 

& J?at maide ispoused • in ioite & in blis 

77. hare'] here fiy; hor 5. fader] fadiis $y. In] thy y. stripiedv] 
ste^ned ^ ; strofe ful 5. 

78. of ham scholde] scholde of )jys londe 5. pis] \>e S. 

79. belin \>e vlder] Belin t>e elder /Sy ; J^ys Belin 5. 

81. \>e ■'yongere] \>&i ^onger was 5. him] hys half S. 

82. \>at lond al] AUe 5. hi-^ende] bi^oude &y ; bejonde S. 
83-134. Omitted in 5. 

83. dude] cm. fiy. louerd'] lorde fiy (& passim). 

84. syute] suyt ^ ; suyte y. on alle] in al 3'). 

85. Ac nas] But was ^y. bote] but fiy. lui\>ere men ne come] 
one luj^er man fiy. 

86. Vor to apaiye] Come vn to ^y. bede him nime gome] saide to him ]>an fiy. 

87. abowiye] abowe y. 

88. bei'^e] bo>e fiy. 

89. al s(] als /S; as 7. '"'>'<'] ">* &y. 

90. \>at me] men J>at fiy. 

91. norewei-:,e] Northway fiy. 

93. spousi] spouse /By. ])eodre] ))ider fiy. dixie] diit fiy. 

94. wi7ine7i] wj-nne ^y. riyte] ri^t I3y. 

95. chale] schal fiy. ac ido] but do $y. 

96. ioiye] loye 187. 



ApP. G.] EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 789 

pe king of norewei^e «ede • he wolde do his myite 

Triuliche him helpe • to winnen his viiie 

pei quintehche & stille • J?is deden were ido 

^ute belin hadde aspyed • hou hit scholde go 100 

& alle breiini^es londes • mid wel muche power 

He seiside • & castles • ar he come ner 

Mid ny^e schipes brenni • hamward was icome 

And pe wimman mid him • his wif hadde inome 

Guthlae king of denemarch • ]>&t hadde iloued hure 

arst 105 

For to kepe him in |;e see • fol redi was & prast 
And l^e wimman him binom • & brenni sore agaste 
pat he vnne}>e alyue • ascapede at ]>e laste 
po bi gan ])e wynd to wexe • & come stormes 

grete 
pat euerich schip fram oj^er • to drefde ar hij lete 110 
pat guthlae mid ];re schipes • ase god ^af J^at cas 
Ydriue was to )?e londe • J^ar king belin was 
& was idon in warde • and his men echon 
And kneulechede alle J?ing • hou hit was agon 



97. norewei^e'] Northwey fiy. do] in $y. »ii/}te] myjt fiy. 

98. Triuliche'] Trewliche fiy. winne7i] \vyune y. riyte] ri^t 0y. 

99. pei] Thoii^ 0y. quinteliche] queynliche fiy. )>?s] J>iso /3 ; 
these y. deden] dedes &y. were] weren /Sy. 

100. 'i,ute] y\xt fiy. 

101. wel] ryjt &y. 

102. seiside §• castles] seised in his houde fiy. 

103. 7iyye] nyne ^87. hamward] homwarde /Sy. 

104. loimman'] womman jSy. 

105. arst] tnt fiy. .'•;'<< 

106. fol] ful jSy. prast] Prest J87. 'v :■ . . 

107. wimman] womman /Sy. binom] nome /Sy. agaste] agjisiti/sV. 

108. ascapede] ascapyd ^y. 

109. po] Than fiy. wynd] wynde /8y. come] to 
come ^y. 

110. euerich] euereche &y. schip] om. y. to drefde] to dryued fiy. 
ar] or ^87. hij] )>qi fiy. 

111. ase] as fiy. 

112. Ydriue] 1 dryi $y. >ar] >er ^87. king] kynge &y. 

113. idon] ydo fiy. in ivarde] inward ;37. echon] echoue (87. 

114. kneulechede] knowleched ^37. a^ow] agone 37. 



71)0 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[App. G. 



po seicle brenni to belin • pat he scholde vnder- 

stoncle l^-'j 

To tclcle his lonrl & his wif • ]>at he nc dude him 

schonde 
King belin tolde hiite • of brenni^es sonde 
per fore he com mid pouer • for to belin schonde 
Belin mette him sone • ase ich telle may 
Miiche was J^at gode folc • )?at ]?er aslawe lay 120 

2e fiftene j^ousend • are )>e bataile were ydo 
And brenni was \>g twelfj^e • )>at \Tinepe ascapcdc {jo 
Kyng belin o parlement • at euerwik huld anon 
To wite wyth king guthlac • what were best to 

don 
pat was king of denemarch • & in warde 

stoke 
So ]?at bi al his conseil . ase hit was bispeke 
pat he nome his homage • & god ^ ostage |?ere 
To bere him gode ^ triwagc • fram ^er to ^ere 
& lete him & ]>e wnmman • & alle ]>&t wij? 

were 
Wende ham ward hare wey • J^at non y anned^ nere 130 



was bi- 
125 



him 



115. po] Than 0y. se/rfe] sent Py. 

116. lond'} loude /Sy. wij'] wyfe J87. ditde'} dide ^87. 

117. luite'] litel $y. breratiyes'] Brennies Py. 

118. colli] come Py. for to] for to do $y. 

119. him] with him fiy. ase ich] as I jow 0y. 

120. y ode folc] good folke /Sy. aslawe] slajTi ^37. 

121. }e] ^a )37. are] ev 0y. 

122. twelfi>e] twelfe ^87. ascapede] ascapid ^87. 

123. huld] helde fiy. aiioit'} anone $y. 

124. icite] cm. Py. don] done $y. 

126. cojiseil] counseile &y. 

127. nome] take fiy. 



128. triwage] trewage fiy. 

129. wijnman] woraman 187. 

130. homu'ard] haraward ^87. 
none yharmed J87. 



ase] as 187. 
xere] jeer fiy. 
hare] here (87. 



^ So MS. altered to ^oorf. 
yharmed. 



So MS. altered to goode. 



vony armed] 



^ Originally 



Apr G.] ROBERT of Gloucester. 791 

po hadde belin in pes • al ]7is lond y wis 
And lyte vale j^inges • j^at er were amis 
Hit bifel )?at time • ofte & eke ylome 
ffor defante of weyes • muche folc was vnsome 
par fore ]>e king belin • formest ywis he fond 13o 

pe foure grete veyes • ]?at go]) ]?oru ]?is lond 
& somenede eche contrey^e • ]7at with tool & w* honde 
pe contreytes hem made • ech man a^en his londe 
pe meste of alle hatte fos • ]?at tille]; fram totteneys 
Fram ]>e oon ^ ende of comewaile • anon to cate- 
neys 1^^ 

Fram ]>e southwest to ]>e norj^est • to engelondes ende 
pat |?oru ba)7e & cireneestre • & leicestre do]? wende 
And ]>ov\i mani^e a ^ god toun • as me mai ^iiyt yseo 
pat se]>]>e were & er arerd . ase god so J^e opere J;reo 



131. po] Thau 187. lo7id] londe ^7. 

132. ry/e] ryjtted )3. vale'] many ^7. er] ere ^7. 

133. ehe ylome'} many si))e8 $y. 

134. muche'] many $y. was vnsome'] were vnwise ^7. 

135. Varfore\>e kin;/ belin] Belin J^at was so noble kynge 5. par fore] 
Tlier for/37. /orHies<] first /375. /ic/onrf] bifonde ^7 ; by- 
fouude 5. 

136. grete veyes] gret weyes fiy ; weyes principal 5. lond] londe fiy. 

137. somenede] somuede Py. with tool Sf to^ honde] wroir^t w' tool 
& honde S. 

138. made] redye made 5. ech] eche ^87. man] om 5. After 
this line 5 inserts the following: 

Strife for to abate . t>at was in londe ywys 
And fore vnredye weyes . ydo was al thys. 

139. meste of alle] most of alle fiy ; meste weye 5. hatte] hi)t ^7. 
fos] fosse 187. 

140. J>e oon] t>at one fiy ; J>e one 5. 

141. 142, transposed in S. 

141. nor];>est] Northwest /37. 

142. pat] And 5. cireneestre] Circestre 187. ^•] An fiy. 

143. me mai }ui/t] men may jit 187 ; jitte me maye 5. yseo] hem se 5. 

144. se]>\>e were Sf er arerd] sithe were & ar arerid ;37 ; sethe beth so 
arerud 5. ase god so i>e] and al so 5. 



1 So MS. over an erasure. The original reading was probably ]i>en on, 

2 So MS. over an erasure. The original was perhaps o. 



702 THE CHRONICLE OF [AlT. G. 

Fram souj^est to noij^west • whateling stict j>at is 145 
Ase in ]>e brcdc of J^e lond • fram |?c walischc see ywis 
Fram seint dauid to ]>o sec • at southainptone j^at is 
& |70iu gloueestre passe)> • k, cyrencestre ywis 
& ]7oru wincestre eke • he take]? bi este souj^c 
pe oj^ere twey^e weyes • men schal anempni nou)>e 150 
Fram souJ»c into nor]?e • takep ^ erninges stiet ywis 
Fram est to west ]>q furj^e • ykeneldes stret )?at is 
peos foure weyes on ]>is lond • king belin ]>c wyse 
Made & wor]?ede ham • w\\> ^ gr franchise 
For who so dude )>er inne • tresi)as oj^er eni won 155 
He made iugement ]>eY of • k, gret vengance ynou 
Brenni was wend to france • k siwede ]>(i kinge 
W*^ his eitetuj^e some • wel in alle j^inge 



145-152. lustead of those lines 5 has the folh)wing : 

Eram southe tyleth to )?e uortlie • hat ys Ermingstrete 

A.nd \>e south este to ]>e noithe weste • Wattlyngstrete 

As )f>e brede of i>e londe • as fram \>e Walsche se ywys 

Fram seynt Dauid to J>e see • )>at at south hamptou ys 

Lync me elepeth eke t>ylk weye • that gothe ^rouj Gloueestre 

And )>rou) Cirencestre eke • and throu) Wincestre 

The J>ryd(U' he made J>at me elepeth • ykenildstrete 

Tliat tylletli fram este into \>e west • Jjat ys a wey sumdel giete 

145. whateliny'] Watliiige fiy. 

146. Ase'\ As fiy. lond] londe Py. t^e] om. &y. 

148. passe];)'] that passeth 0y. cjfrencestre] Cirecestre fiy. 

149. este] est fiy. 

150. \>e o\>ere itvei/ye] The o)jertwo fiy. anempni] nempny Py. 

151. soM^e] \>Q Southe fiy. iior\>e] \>{' Norfhe Py. 

152. loest] t>e west fiy. f'ur);>e] fer>e fiy. stret] stretc 187. 

153. \>eos] Thise Py. on] in 5. lond] londe ^87. heli?)]' 
Belinus 5. 

154. wori>ede ham] ordeyned hem fiy; endowed hem 5. 

155. 156, transposed in 7. 

155. dude . . . wou] vpon ony of hem ded ouy trespas or wou) 5. tres- 
pas] ony J)efte 3 ; ony theft 7. 

156. He . . . \>er of] Therof he made iugement 5. yret] stronge 5. 
157-232. Omitted in 5. 157. wend] went (87. siwede] sewed /37. 
158. eitetii]>e some] eiiteue somme fiy. wel] ri^t wel ;S7. alle] 

al fiy. 



' Over an erasure. 



ApP. G.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 793 

And was man wel ynorisclied • &5 to manhede drou 

pe riche &; ]>e pouere • louede liim ynou 160 

At pe laste he nom his leue • & bad \>e king at the ^ ende 

Whan time were to helpe • king belin to schende 

To borgoyne he wende • to )?e due segwayn 

pe due of his coniyng i was • swij^e glad & fayn 

For he was entaehed wel • & fair man & bold 165 

& eke of heite blode • and swi|)e wel ytold 

pis due hadde a ^ douter • and oj>er eyr non 

& ^af him hui'e to wyue • him ]?oute wel ydon 

In J7ulke sulue ^ere • ])e due segwayn ded lay 

And brenni ]?oru |?is wimman • was due after his day 170 

Noble he war]? & riche • so p&t at ]>a,n ende 

Gret ost he him porueide • king belin to schende 

& hider com at J^e laste • gret fole mid him he broute 

Of faie diuerse londes • to bringe belin to noute 

King belin him was ywar • & wi]?oute eni lette 175 

Mid pouer in j^e felde • he com & him ymette 



159. ynorisched'\ ynorischede fiy. 

160. pouere'] pore fiy. louede him] loued him wel fiy. 

161. iiom] toke 187. bad] preied /37. 

163. bonjoyne] Burgone ^y. due segwayv] Duke Segwayne fiy. 

164. comyny] come ^y. swi\>e] ri^t ^37. f^P^] fayne 0y. 

165. entaehed] entacched fiy. /«""] ^aire fiy. bold] bolde ^. 

166. eke] 001.187. swi)>e] ri^t 187. ytold] ofytolde)37. 

167. J^/s] The i87, 7i07j] none 187. 

168. yafhim hure to wyue] hure him to wyfe )aue J87. \>oute] J>ou^t 
J87. ydon] ydone 187. 

169. )>ulke sulue yere] \>e ilke same ^eer Py. ded] dede J87. 

170. wimnia7i] wommau 37- 

171. weri>] wor)>e 0y. \>a7i] J>e ^87. 

172. Gret] Grete fiy. he] cm. 7. porueide] pur- 
uayed fiy. 

173. com] come /37. yretfolc] grete folke /37. mid] with ^87. 
he broute] brou^t fiy. 

174. fale] fele 187. noute] noujt &y. 

175. ywar] yware ^y (& passim). wi)>oute] with out /3; wyth 7. 
eni] any ^y. 

176. Mid] With 187. com] come 187 (& passim). 



' Over an erasure. 



794 THE CHRONICLE OF [ApP. G. 

Brenni was fol hastif • ]?ei he were in ]?e won 

& mid gret herte • toward J^e king he drou 

pe bataile for to smite • ac j'oru godes grace 

Com hare beire moder • bitwene ham in ]>e [)lace 180 

& pitoTiseliche schri^te • wepinge sm|;e sore 

Heo com to brenni swijjc • & cride milce & ore 

& seide brenni herkne me • k bco nou wcl ywar 

pat ich ham J>ulke moder • ];at eii tweiie bre]?eren 

bar 
& to braid hure cloj^es • doim to ^e gurdel ry^t 185 
pat heo was al naked • l^at was o reulich si^t 
To hure sones tweite • so noble men ];at were 
& seite hare owene moder • so to breide ]?ere 
Heo was okl & riuelede • ]?at hefd al so hor 
pat brenni gan bi holde • his hurte wer); fol sor 190 
Of Yis bodi heo seide • brenni ]?ou were ybore 
And now mi worldes ioyie • poru j^e wor]? for lore 
Ich gronede for )?e sore • er ]70u were for)? ibrout 
And nou ich and ]>i kuinde • J^oru ]?e wor|? driue to 

nout 



177. fol hastif] ful hasty Py. \>ei.'} J^ou) 0y. were 2m] hadde fiy. 

178. midi with jS-y (& passim). greQ grete 187. 

180. hare] here $y (& passim). beire] faire 187. 

181. pitouseliche'] petousliche jSy. ■ichriyte'] scrikede )8 ; scrykede 7. 
swilpe'] ry^t fiy. 

182. Heo] Sche /37 (& passim). cride] cried J87. milce'] 
mulce fiy, 

183. seide] said fiy. her/me] heiken ^y. beo 7iou] be nowe fiy. 

184. ich hain] I am fiy. ];>ulke] J)ilke ^y. cu iwe/je] ^ow two 187*. 
bar] bare ^y. 

185. to braid] sche to braide ;87. hure] here ^37. 

186. o reulich^ a rewliche fiy. 

187. hure] hure owen 187. tweiye] two ^87. 

188. scjie] saw^ ^y. hare owene] here owen ^87. 

189. old] holde ^87. \>at hefd] hure heed ^87. 

190. weri>] wexe ;87. fol sor] ful sore ^37. 

191. seide] said J87. ?vere ybore] was yborne fiy. 

192. wor\> for lore] is forlorne ^y. 

193. Ich gronede] I gronyd ^y. for]>] for>e 187. 

194. kuinde] kynne ^87. wor)>] worj^e ^y. 



ApP. G.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. ' 795 

Heo schewede hure brusten • and to him seide ]?is 195 
peos tutes j^ou soke ylome • brenni la voliwis 
And ]?ou to ^enst kunde • brenni bi ]?i name 
Bringest me in sore we • hit wor]? o hiijjer game 
poll makest yi kuinde sori • J^at )?ou com of ywis 
& bringest ham in sorewe • j^at broute ]>e in blis 200 
And makest ham to wepe • ]^at schokle for ];e 

singe 
poll wolt J>i sulf aspille • &; ]>i soiile to helle bringe 
Vor J7011 ert in 'pe wi'onke • ]>er of ]?oii vnder- 

stonde 
pat homage & fyeute • ]>oii dudest for ]>i londe 
To king^ belin ]>i broj^er • to tenst p>at ywis 205 

Broutest folc of noreweite • to sehende him «fe his 
pou ne defi^edest him neuere • ne leiie of him nad- 

dest 
So J'at bi ri^te lawe • }>i lond forgult ]70ii had- 

dest 
pou ne mi^t nout segge • J^at he J?e misdude hout 
Ac wiste him fram j^e harme • ]?at |:»e woklest habbe 

ywrout 210 



195. bf2iste)i'\ bresten fiy. Jj/s] >us 187. 

196. peos tutesi Thise tetys fiy. ylomc] fill ofte jS-y. voliwis] 
voliwys y. 

197. to je?is<] a^enst $y. kunde'] kynde fiy. bi] be y. 

198. sorewe] sorwe /Sy (& passim). wori>] yrOT);>e0y. o liii.\)er] 
a lujjer &y. 

199. kuinde] kynne Py. 

202. wolt] wylt y. sulf] selfe ; om. y. aspille] spille 0y. 

203. ert] art &y. wronke] wronge ySy. 

204. fi/eute] fewte 187. dudest] dedist fiy. 

205. to yenst] to a^eiist $y. 

206. noreweixe] Northwey $y. 

207. defi-^edest] desirest 7. 

208. ri-yte] rijt 187. lond] londe ^7. forgult] forgUt Hy. 

209. segge] sale ^37. misdude] mysdide ^87. hout] oujt (87. 

210. wiste] kept fiy. fram \>e] fro Jpi ^87. \>e] J>ou ^87. /ia66e] 
om. ^87. 



' Added in margin. 



796 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. G. 

& ^uite o|?er strange folc • hider poii hauest ybrout 
And wor)?est for j>i wronke • in bataile ydriiie to 

noutt 
pi lyf ]ye tyde]; luse • & se]>])e at j^an ende 
Bileue ]>e ioi^e of hefne • & to helle pyne wendc 
Haue reu|?e of ]>i sulue • of inoder & kun al mo 215 
& acorde mid |?i bro|jer • worse )^at hit ne go 
And wra^^e let & werre • brenni ieh ]>e wisse 
And fleo ]>e pine of helle • & drau to hefne blisse 
And lif he to tenst lawe • dude ]>e eny won 
Ich wole ]>e makite habbe • amendes gode ynou 220 
Vor he is at mine wille • ich segge to soj^e ]7is 
He nolde me agulte • for no ]>ing |;at is his 
Brenni him bi))oute • and gan to syche sore 
And seide moder merci • nou|7e & euer more 
He aliite of his stede • and his armes adonn leide 225 
Moder j^ine wille • ich wole do he seide 
And king belin vn armede him • J;o he sey j^at cas 
Al to his moder wille • com go mid god pas 



211. yuitel yt fiy. strange folc'] straunge folke 187. hauest] 
hast fiy. 

212. wor\>est] castist $y. wrojike] wronge &y. ydriue] to bringe 
bee ^y. 

213. \>e] om. y. luse] lese 187. sej^jjc] yi>e &y. \>an] f^e /Sy. 

214. Bileue] To leeiie jSy. hefne] heuen fiy. 

215. sulue] selfe fiy. kun] kyune fiy. 

217. wra]f>e] wrath ^y. let] late passe ^7. 

218. hefne] heuen fiy. 

219. And] om. 187. to yenst] a^enst J>e J87. dude] dide 187. 
eny] ony ^87. 

220. \>e mahiye habbe] make ]>ee haue ^37. 

221. mijie] my ;87. ich segge] I saie ^87. to soi>e \>is] J>at sothe 
is fiy. 

222. agulte] agult 187. 

223. bi]>oute] biJjQU^t fiy. syche] sike ^7. 

224. nou\>e] nowe 187. 

225. aliyte] ali^t ^7. 

226. \>ine] >! J87. 

227. vn armede] vnharmed ^37. )>o he sey] when he sawe ^y. 

228. moder] modris 187. com go] come )>an 187. 



ApP. G.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 797 

pis was o god moder • & ]>oru godes grace 

Makede ham acorded • in ]7ulke sulue place 230 

And as sonne clerest • after mistes ys 

So was here loue mest • after wra]?]?e ywis 

So j^at belin & brenni • ]?es noble brej?ren twelve 

Vorto Make a parlement • to londone wende bei^e 

Hij were so noble of armes • and of witte al so 235 

& of pouer ]7at hij ]?oute • gret prowesse to do 

& winne ]?at lond of france • & j^e londes aboute 

Hij passede j^e see )?eoderward • mid swi)?e noble route 

Hij nomen contre^e & o]?er • so j^at at ]>e laste 

On ost |>er was igadered • J'at a^en ham sette faste 240 

Mid bataile • ac oure kinges • hare fon ouercome 

& hare fon |^at au^tes were • alle slowen o)?er nome 

So ]?at wi]?inne twelf monj^es • ]?ulke londes hij wonne 

And wende to rome to endi • j>at hij hadde bigonne 

And ase hii wende ]?eoderward • lond & o]>ev nome 245 

Tweize noble cheuenteyns • ]>at were ]70 at rome 

Gabi & Porcenne • ]?at hurde of hare power 

He grei|?ede ost fast ynou • er hij com ner 



229. o] a /By. 

230. Makede] Made ^y. \>ulke sulue'] fjilke selfe fiy. 

232. mest'] most fiy. 

233. So \>at] om. 5. breiini] Brennius 5. }pes] bise ^y. twe!%e] 
two &y. 

234. a] an $y. wende beiye] went J>o fiy ; come al ho S. 
23.5. of armes] in armys 5. a7id of] and in 5. 

236. \}Oute] t>ou)t ^y. gret] grete fiy. 

237. ]>at lond] ]pe londe 5. 

238. swi\>e noble] rijt noble fiy ; ryght a grete S. 

239. Hij nomen] Thei token ^y ; And toke 5. 

240. ham] om. y. 

242. hare fon \>at au'^ytes] alle Jjat euere oughtus were 5. auyfes] 
ou^ttes fi ; oughtes y. alle slowen o\>er] )>ey slow) or 5 
slowen] slows y. 

243. im7i)>es] mounthe 5. \>ulke londes] al j^at lond S. 

244. endi] make an ende 5. \>at] of ]>at 5. 

246. cheuenteyns] ceuenteyns y ; chiefteyns 5. were \>o] weren )>an ^7 

247. Porcenne] Porteuue j8 ; Portune y. 

248. He ijrei\>ede] Thei gaderid fiy ; And greybed 5. ost] an oste S 
er hij] er bei &y ; are bat bey 5. 



798 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. G. 

Hij smite bataile strong ynou • ]?o hij to gader come 
Ac ]>e tweite bre]?eren of j^is lond • ])Q romains ouer- 

come 250 

& slowe gabi & muche folc • & porcenne hij nome 
And |?os kinges of |>is lond • furst ywonne Rome 
Longe er lulius ]>e emperour • euere wonne j^is lond 
& o]?ere of )?is lond se]>]>e • hadde rome on bond 
Whar J»orn rome aiute bet • abowe to )?is londe 2o5 
pan J»is lond to Rome • \vij> riite ich vnderstonde 
Kyng brenni bilefde J^er • ase louerd of )>ulke endc 
& king belin after ]?an • to )?is lond gan ^ wende 
And nobliche wiste |?is kinedom • & cites rerde 

also 
Ase kaerleon in walls • & mani^e o)?ere )?er to 2 GO 
Kaerlud hit was icleped • euere vort at j^e laste 
pat remains come to ]>is lond • & J>c name out 

caste 
& kaerleon hit clepede • vor hare legions ywis 
Wonede )^er in winter . for so]? wi|?oute mys 



249. Hij sinite'] The smote /8; They smote 7 ; And smytten 5. to 
yade?-'] to gidre fiy. 

250. tweiye'] two /35 ; om. 7. 

251. porcetme'] Portenue 7. 

252. i>os'] })ise &y; )>us 5. ywontie'} \>ei -woune fiy; wonne S. 

254. se|)>e] eke sethe 5. o/i'] an 5. 

255. bet] better fiy ; bette 5. abowe'] to bowe ^37. to] om. 7. 
257. brenni] om. 5. bilefde] bileeued fiy ; Bylefte 5. of] 

ouer ^y. 

259. nobliche wiste] nobliche kept ^y ; kepte wel 8. \>is] his 5, 
rerde] rered ^y. 

260. manixe o)>crc] many o^er ^y. 
261-264. Omitted in 5. 

261. Kaerlud] Karlud /37. icleped] callid ^87. euere vort] euer 
forto ^37. laste] hist ^y. 

262. lond] londe J87. caste] cast ^7. 

263. kaerleon] karleon 187. clepede] callid fiy. 

264. M'^onerfe] Woned fiy. so]>] sothe (87. wi][>oute] with 
outen /8. 



' MS. gari gan. 



ApP. H.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 799 

& londone he amendede muche • & ope temese of gret 
fame 265 

He rerde belines ^at • and clepede after his name 
At J»ulke ^ate he was ybured • ]>o |?at he ded was 
Gurgust was his sone yhote • betere bodi non nas 

H. (page 75, lines 1015-1018.) 
Instead of these lines, affy^ have the foUowino- :_ 
At kaerleon gurgust was ded • & hadde god ending 
& Guncelin ]7at was his sone • after him was king 
He was povu alle ping . god man of elene lif 
O mayde ]?at het Maici^e . he nom & tok to wif 
pis quene was of boke wys • & wytti in ]?at dawe 5 
Heo made o lawe on bruitichs • j^at het Mareene lawe 
pus after hure owe name • brutons ]>e lawe nempde 
per after mani^e hundred ^er • king alfred god sende 
pat wi'oute ]>e lawe on engiich . wis man ]?at was ywis 
Ac after pe quene y nempned heo was . J?ulke day & 
^ut is 10 



265. londojie . . . viuche^ amendid muche London S. amendede'] 
amendid fiy. ope'] vp fiy. 

266. rerde] rerid ^y ■ rerud a gate S. and clepede] and callid By ■ 
hit hatte 5. a r, 

267. >a/e] om. By. ybured] buried By. \?at] om. S. he] 
cm. ^y. 

268. betere bodi non] a betor bodye on erthe 5. 
H. 1. kaerleon] karleon fiy. god] a good By. 

2. §•] om. 5. Guncelin] Guntelin By ; Gincelin 5. 

3. of dene] & elene of 5. Uf] lyfe ySyS. 

4. Maiciye] man>e y ; Marcie 5. nom] name By ; nome 5. tok] 
toke fiy. wif] wyfe ByS. 

5. of boke wys] ri^t wise 0y ; ouer wys 5. in] on 5. 

6. bruitichs] Bruitisch By ; brutichs 5. 

7. pus] Thilke By. owe] owen By. >e lawe nempde] lawe gan 
amende 5. 

8. mani't^e] many a 5 ; nyne By. 

9. wroute] wroujt Py ; wrote 5. engiich] englische PyS. wis 
. . . yivis] ))at ere was on brutische S. 

10. y nempned] nempned fiy. heo] hit /Sy. ]>ulke day] >o dayes 5. 



800 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[Apr H. 



po hadde ]>e quene o sone • bi hure louercl \>e king 
Nas he bote of seue lev • to fore his fader ending 



Sillius het ]>e sone • nadde 
pat myte j?e heritage here 
pis nioder nom j^e kinedoni 
& wiste hure sone wel • 

lond 
God man he was ynou • & 



hij childrene no mo 
' ]7erfore hure was fol wo 
• al to hure owe hond 15 
fort he was kincf of 



sone endede his lif 



)e 



Ac twei^e sones he hadde ibore • bi his ri^te wif 
Rumarus. pe heldere het Rumarus • after his fader he was king 
Damns. After him was king damns • of j^is iond wipoute 
lesing 20 

Morbidus. Damus on his dawe • one Chinese him ches 

On |>at wimman he biiat • o stronge sone wipoute les 
He was man sturne ynou • & kene J?oru alle J>ing 
Morbidus his name was • after his fader he was 

king 
A kny^t he was swij^e god • ac to wemed of ynou 25 
For whanne him wrathede eni man • anon liit he him 
slou 



12. of seue yer'\ of seuene jeer/Sy ; seuene ^ere olde 5. <o /ore] be- 
fore fiy ; lit 5. 

13. hef] hi)t fiy (& passim). )>e'] \>&t 5. nadde hij childrene^ hadde 
\>e'\ children ^y ; childern had )>ey 5. 

14. /«<re] here S; sche fiy. fol'\ ful ^y ; om. 5. 

15. }?/s moder'] Ther fore sche 5. worn] toke &yt. kinedoni] 
kj-ngdom fiy ; kyngdam 5. to hire'] in hir 5. oioe] owen $y • 
own 5. 

16. wiste] kept fiy^. hure] to her S. fort] vnto ^y ; fforto 5. 
\>e] jjys 5. 

18. Ac tiueiye] But two ^y ; And two 5. sones] sonnes fiy ; son^s 5 
he hadde ibore] hadde he bi^ete &y ; he had 5. riyte wif] owen 
wyfe ^y ; owii weddud wyfe 5. 

19. heldere] elder 187. after his fader he] l?at after hys fader S. 

20. king damus] Damus kynge 5. 

21. on] in 5. chinese] chinesse S. 
him J87. 

22. biyat] bijet jSyS. o] one fiy. 

23. man] a man 5. alle] al ^y. 

25. A] om. 5. swi\>e] rijt ^y. of] ofte 5. 

26, him wrathede eni mav] he wratthed w' ony man 5. 



him] to wyfe he 



riyt] om. S. 



ApP. H.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 601 

Ze knyit o)?ere baron • o];er fremde o|;ere kin 
Were hit ri^t o]?er won • no pyng ne sparede he him 
Hende man he was ynou • & dude al J^at me bad 
Whanne he was out of wra|j]7e • and was in god 

stad 30 

A l^at was muche harm • of o king }^at was so 

hende 
For his wif ywemned was • |?oru swich wraj^e at ['an 

ende 
At |?an vlke time : ])e due of Moraine com 
Ouer see to )?isse londe • & muche folc mid him nom 
& brande & slou to gronde • & sehende mani o 

stude 35 

To Northumber lond he wende • & gi'et maistrie J^er 

dude 
& )7er he bulde o castel • ]'at was swi}^e strong 
Al ]?at was on |?e londe • he nom on his hond 
Morbidus ]>& bolde • was wro}> for ]?is dede 
&o gaderede est toward him • he wolde beo wreke he 

sede 40 



27. ojfter fremde'] ffrende S. 

28. Were . . . him'] J>ou^ he were ueuere so ny^ he spared not hym 5. 
hit] om. ^7. wou] wronge fiy. 

29. §• dude . . . bad] whoo wold not w' him debate 5. me bad] 
men wolde fiy. 

30. was ill god stad] in good state 5 ; in good mode holde ^. 

.31 . A] And fiy. \>at] hit 5. muche] meche S. o kitic/] a 

kynge fiy ; o knyght S. \>at was] om. 5, 

.32. ywemned was] ywemmed was ^y; was wemmyd 5. \>oru swich] 

Jjurgh suche ^7; in siiche 5. );>an] \>q fiyS. 

33. Jjaw vlke] J^at ilke fiy ; t>alk same S. Moraine] Normadi 5. 

34. see] ])Q see &y. ]>isse] ]>'\s fiy. muche] grete 5. 

35. brande] brende fiy ; brauned 5. sehende] schent fiy. mani 0] 
many a ^7. stude] stede S. 

36. wende] went ^y. dude] ded 5. 

37. \>er he bulde] \>ev he bilded &y ; J>ere billed 5. o] a fiy^. swi\>e] 
ri)t ^y. 

38. Al] Alle ^y ; And alle 5. on \>e] in >at ^y. he nom on his 
hond] he to him fonge ^y ; to him he hath vndirfonge 5, 

39. \>e bolde] t>at bolde was 5. was wro\>] wratthed him 5, 

40. he wolde beo wreke] and wolde ben awreke 5. 

3 E 



802 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. H. 

po hij to gadere com • pat bataile was wel touit 

Mani was ]?at god bodi • )?at was J^er ybrout to noutt 

Al dai hij foute faste • J?at was fer ouer non 

po Morbidus ]?e bolde • }>an due ouercom 

po ]>e due gan him faste fleo • Morbidus him kepte 45 

pane due and al his ost • he slou wi]? oute lette 

pe kinges owene honde a day • seue hundred slou 

And lette makite o gret dich • & inne ham drou 

Alle wij^oute fade • ]>o hij aslawe were 

Hi drowe into ]?ulke dich • ]7at none ileued nere 50 

Morbidus huld |>is lond • )?er after one stounde 

Freliche wel on griy • and his men y sounde 

So ]?at com ti)?inge • Selliche to l^is londe 

pat o dur,^ was come vp of \>e see • framward yrlonde 

Hit resede to ]>e folc • & slou ham in o stunde 55 

On hundred on a day • hit fidde to ]>e gronde 



41. po] Wheu $y; Tho j^at 5. to yadcrc"] to gidre fiy. come'] 
were come S. wel] rijt ^y ; ful 5. 

42. ]>at was . . . iioiiyt] )?at to grounde ^o was brought 5. yhrout] 
brou)t ^y. 

43. )pat was fer] til hit was fer ^y ; )>at ferre it was 5. non] ]>q 
noone ^y. 

44. po] Than ^y. ]>an] )>2A fiy. 

45. po i>e due] Than \>e Duke Py ; That he S. him] om. S. kepte] 
mette 0y. 

46. pane] That $y ; pat the 5. loi]} oute] with outen fiy. 

47. seue] seuen fiy. 

48. lette makiye] lete make $y. o] a $y. inne ham] hem Inne 
fiy ; }>erynne hem 5. drou] )>rouj ^875. 

49. faile] eny fayle 5. J>o] when ^37. aslawe] slayn &y ; slawd 5. 

50. drowe] ^rou^ J87 ; drof 5. )>ulke] ilke ^y ; ^ilk 5. 

51. hdd] helde fiy^. 

52. o?« 5rr(>] in gri^c 1875. and] and alle 5. ysounde] in sounde 
i37 ; sounde 5. 

53. com] )?er come 1875. ti]>in<;e] tij>inges 1875. Selliche] stilliche 
fiy ; hastely 5. 

54. \>at o dur] That o Deuel ^37 ; A Dragoii 5. come] comen 5. 

55. Hit resede] And resed 5. o] a fiy. 

56. O71 hiindred] An huudrid ;37 ; By an hundred S. hitfulde] hit 
felde /87 ; he felled 5. 

J MS. due. 



ApP. H.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 803 

& seplpe wende to ]?e see • & eft aten op drou 

So ]?at bi eche halue • muche fole hit slou 

pe king hit hurde segge • ];erfore he was vnblyj'e 

peoderward he wende & ]70ute hit bringe of lyne 60 

po he com to J^e stude • )?er ]>e funde was inne 

pe king him was so wod wro|? • J?at he nokle blinne 

Him sulf he wokle fondi • ]>&t vlke schrewe deer 

& het al his gode folc • to hokle ham a neer 

Him sulf gan for]? wende • fram his folc al on G5 

Mid swerd & bowe bisyde • & o kokur fol of flon 

& o long sper on his hond • on his sadel heng on 

ex 
&; also on |?at oj^er half • hongede on hand sex 
So ]?at he wende for]? • & ]?is der ymette 
[The dere come to himward • with oute any lette] 70 
Gode kene arewen • to ]?at der he sende 
& op on his stede • ner ]?is der he wende 



57. wefide] wentjS^S. to'] in to 5. e/Q est $y; efte 5, op'] 

vp Py ; om. 5. 

59. hurde setjije] hard say iSyS. }perfore] J>er of 5. 

60. ^ieoderward] And }>yderward 5. wende] went /SyS. hit bringe] 
to brynge it 5. ! 

61. j3o . . . stude] He come to )jat stede 5. stude] stede fiy. funde] 
fende ^375. 

62. pe king him] The kynge he 0y ; Thys kynge 5. wod mtoJj] wode 
■wroJ)e fiy. 

63. fondi] foundy /B-y. deer] to dere fiyS. 

64. Sj' het] And badde /Sy ; And hete 5. a neer] a fere fiy ; a ferre 5. 

65. gan] he gan 5. al on] allone fiy. 

66. bisyde] by his syde S. o kokur] a kokur fiy ; a bucler S. flon] 
flone Py ; bone 5. 

67. Sf] om. S. 0] a PyS. on] in j8y5. on] an S. heng] 
honge fiy ; heuge 5. on ex] an ax fiy ; an ex 5, 

68. also] eke 5. on hand sex] an hande ax ^y ; an band sex S. 

69. ?i'c?ifZe] went ^87 ; wendeth 5. \pis der] |>is dere &y ; Jjys beste 5. 
ymette] hi mette 5. 

70. Tlie dere . . . lette] Supplied from /8 ; omitted in a ; Hys good kene 
arowes in his bowe he sette 5. 

71. Gode . . . sende] So )>at alle his Arowes to \>e Dragon he sent S. 
der] deuel ^87. sende] sent Py. 

72. stede] stede J>an 5. jpis der] H'S deuel 0y; >e Dragon 8. wende] 
went 1875 (& passim), 

3 E 2 



804 THE CllJiONICLE OF [APP. H. 

Mid his sper longe • lie arnde toward \>e dere 

Ase l^ei he wolde awede • & sinot hit on ))e 

swere 
pat ]>e der fel abac • |?e sper gan to berste 75 

pat luj^er dur o]) sturte • forbot his stedes 

breste 
pat liit fel bon & senewen • |;e liure & longene bo 
Fel to ])ii ground e anon • ))e king was a fote ]>o 
& he di'ou liis swerd anon • ».V: smot j^e der on )>e 

hefde 
pat |?e swerd ntwo brae • & on ))e hefd bilefde NO 

^ute ]>e der mid |?e cheueles • sturte to yis kinge 
& bot atwo his middel • svvich was pat endinge 
pus endede j^e king • for he was so kene 
He dude to gret foli^e • per hit was wel isene 
For he nolde folc mid him • habbe bilefde ]>o 85 

Ac more nom to him sulf • pan he mitte do 
per was muche reupe • for dul of pe kinge 
& eke gret ioiza • for pe dures endinge 



73. lonye'] so longe 5. arnde'\ ran j8y; rode 5. dere'] Dracoere 5'. 

74. \>ei'] )>o\\y $y. ^ smoti he smote 1875. 

75. der] Dracou 5. >c] )>at J>e 5. berste] brest fiy. 

76. dur] dere &y ; beste 5. op sturte] vp stert ^878. furbot] and 
forbote ^yB. stedes] stede 5. 

77. hit fel] felle 5. senewai] senowes 5. \>e liure] \>e lyuer 
^y ; and lyuere 5. lonycne] }>e longeu ^y ; longen 5. bo] in 
two fiy. 

78. a fote] on forte j8 ; on foole 78. 

79. der on )>e hefde] dere on )>e heed fiy ; Dragon ys heued 5. 

80. \>at] om. 5. hefd] hoed &y ; heued 5. bilefde] byleeued ky^. 

81. der] dragon 8. cheueles] chauuels /37 ; chafles 5. sturte] stert 
J87. Jj/s] J>e 8. 

82. swich was i>at] thys was his 8. 

84. He] And fiy. dude] dide 187 ; ded 8. foli-^c] a foly 8. \>er 
. . . isene] as it was [>er sene 8. 

85, 86, transposed in 8. 

85. For] That 8. nolde] wokle no ;87 ; nolde mo 8. habbe bilefde] 
haue bilefte fiy ; haue had ^^ydor 8. 

86. Ac] Fore 8. worn] toke &y ; he toke 8. to] on 8. 

87. dul] doil ;S7. 

88. (i?«res] dragon ys 8. 



ApP. H.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTEK. 805 

pe king hadde vif sones • bi his fair quene 
Gorbonian was the vldest : & argal se|>|?e ich 

wene 90 

Elidur & lugenes • & Peredur ]>e ^ongeste was Gorbo- 

Gorbonian was er king • for vldere non |7er nas °'^°- 

He was god man & wys • & of mete hende 
Euere he was god ynou • to his lyues ende 
po he was ibiu-ed at londone • sori was ]?is lond 95 
Argal was se]>])e king • & hadde al pis an hond Argal 

He was eldest after him • he wer]> fol loy)?er king ^^^^ ^^P^' 
Vnrittfol & fals ek • & wickede at moting 
Tresor he louede ynou • he ne route ou hit come 
Euere he was luy]^er man • heite men conseil 

nome 100 

Vrles & barones ek • nome stilliche ^eme 
& gonne j^ane luyjjer king • out of londe fleme 
For he was ]>e worste king • |>at erore was & j^o 
per fore his lond folc • duden him ]?ulke wo 
& Elidur was king ymaked • }>at kny^t was god «fe Elidur, 

kene 105 

He was milde of speche • mid ech god man ymene 



89. vif ] fyue 187. 

90. vldest] eldest 1875. 

91. lugenes'] Ingenes 187; ingcnes 5. ft'] oin. S. \}e] om. 5. 

92. er] her S. vldere] elder ^yS. 

95. ibured] buried &y. 

96. sej?)>e] sithen 187 ; seth 5. al \>is an hond] al \>\6 houdc ^-y ; J>ys 
reame ou honde 5. 

97. he wer\>] he wort> jSy ; aud worthe 5. fol] ful 187 ; a ful 5. loy- 
^ter] luj>er (878. 

98. at moting] in al doynge S. 

99. ynou] wel ynow 5. he ne route] and rowght not 5, 

100. ma??] ynow S. heii^e] and hey^ S, /?ie7i] men \>e\ 0y. 

101. 7?o??ie] toke 187. 

102. go7ine ];>a7ie] gonne J>an ^87 ; gon J>at 5. lui/\>er] l^c luijer 0y ; 
luj>er 5. 

103. erore] euer byfore 0y ; euer 5. S'] om. 5. 

104. dudeii] dideu ^87 ; ded S. 
10.5. ymaked] made ^yS. 

106. ymene] I wene &y ; I mene 5. 



806 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. H. 

pus argal was out ydriue • to mani lond ho gan 

wende 
Wei he l^oute winne his lond • & his Ijvoj^er 

schende 
Mani^e kinges he bisoute • }>at hi him helpe 

scholde 
Ac for his lu);ernesse • noman him helpe nolde 110 

po was argal anuyt • and ]70ute what he mi^te 
& )7at he him wolde auentri • & hidcrward him diitc 
&; elidur mid loue fondi • & ^if hit mi^te beo 
pat he mi^te on his lond folc • eni milce yseo 
He com to |)is londe • op at j>e hafne mouj^e 115 

Nas ]>eY man alyue • J^at him yknowe cou]>e 
In ]>G wode of kalatre • ]?ane king he mette 
Anon he fel on his kneo • & fair he him grette 
Louerd king qua}> argal • hail beo te & sounde 
Merci non ihc bidde ]>e • of j^e sorewc ich am on- 

bounde 120 

Hayl broj?er qua)? Elidur • welcome art )>ou me 
Ich ne dar J^at ]>e folc yhure • J>at ich yknowe ]>e 



107. pus"] Thys 5. argal teas'} was Argal fiy. out ydriue] oute 

dryue ^y ; owte ydreve 5. to'] and to 5. lond] a londc 5. 

he] om. 5. 

109. hi him helpe] him helpe J>ey 5. 

111. amiyt] anoyed jSyS. 

112. Sf ];>at . . . auentri] That he wolde him aventre he Jjoujt 5. 

113. fondi] foundy fiy ; seche 5. 

114. lond folc] londe ^y. eni milce] eny mercye 5; any folke mylce 
$y. yseo] se )8 ; esc se y. 

115. to] vnto 5. at )>e hafne] at \>e hauen fiy ; at hauene 5. 

116. Nas] Was fiyh. man] no man ;875. alyue] on lyne fiy ; 
a lyfe S. yknowe] knowe $yS. 

117. wode] wodde 0y. kalatre] kaltere 5. \>ane king] ^e kynge 
J^an 0y ; )>e kynge 5. 

118. fel] fel doun By. he] om. S. 

119. qua])] quod fiyS. 

120. ihc] I jSyS. bidde] praie $y. of. . . onbounde] iforhimj^at 
sufired wounde 5. sorewe] sorowe fiy. ich am onbounde] )jat 
I am Inne bounde By. 

121. Hayl] Haile ByS. qua\>] quod jS^S. me] to me ^75. 

122. Jpe] om. 5. yhure], yhere 5; here By- yknowe] knowe By^. 



ApP. H.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 807 

To him he nom his bro}>er • & him faire custe 
Muche folc l^at isai • ac what he was hij nuste 
Nou 16 mo wen ihere • ^if te sitte]> stille 125 Nota. 

Hon EHdur )?e king • dude his bro]?er wille 
pe king him braid sore sik • deite ase ]>ei he wolde 
& sende to j^e heite men • come to him hi scholde 
&; dude ham vnderstonde • libbe J^at he ne mytte 
Hi schokle him rede of his bodi • wheoder he my^te 
hit di^te 130 

Icome hi were alle };udere • j^e heiie men of ]>e londe 
pe king lay in boure • & his bro)?er ich vnder- 
stonde 
& his leueste men • mid him hi were stille 
& fom'ti gode knyttes • to don al his wille 
Alle yarmed swi]?e wel • to fitte ase ]?ei hi scholde 135 
& ]>ouite mid quintise • a wuilde men fol bolde 



123. he nom his irojjcr] his brojier he noine 5. ?(o/«] toke ^y. him 
faire] fajTe he him S. custe] kyste fiy ; kyst 5. 

124. isai] se ^y ; hit saye 5. ac] om. 5. he] man hit fiy. nusle] 
nyste fiy ; ne wyst 5. 

After this line the following lines are inserted in 5 : 

He lete his broJ>ere lede • in to o castel stylle 
That Clud was yhote • and lete ba)»yc him av' good wille 
And fayre fede & schrude • and dernelich him wyst 
Muche folk him saw • ac what he was \>ey nyst 

125. mowen ihere] mowe se & here fiy ; maye yhere 5. 

127. braid] braide ^7. sik] seke jSy. 

128. seiide to J>e] sent to his fiy; sende after 8. come] >at come fiy ; 
J^at J>ey come 5. hi] om. S. 

129. vnderstonde] to vnderstonde yS^S. /«66e J>a<] lyue }>at ^87 ; >at 
lyue 8. 

130. Hi] And J>at J^ey 8. wheoder] wheder ^878. 

131. hi were alle] were 8, )>udere] J>ider fiy ; t'yder 8. of] of 
alle 8. 

132. boure] bedde 8. ich] as I 8. 

133. leueste] leuest ^37; priuey 8. mid . . . stille] were w' him 
stille 8. 

135. swi]>e] ri^t ^y, ful 8. )f>ei] om. 8. 

136. ^ ]>ouyte , . . bolde] They seyde noght to alle men whate ]>ej do 
wolde 8. louilde men] wilde man fiy. 



808 THE CHRONICLE OF [A PP. H, 

pe king sonde in to ]>e court • to j^e hci^c men of \>e 

londe 
& bad hem speke softere • ]>&i hi no dude him no 

schonde 
& seide he ne mi^te libbe • for none kunne |'inge 
Ac me scholde ]>e hexte man • in to fore him 

bringe 140 

& ]?at man nere so hardi • of al j^isse londe 
Towardes him entri • her he sende his sonde 
pis hei^e man was ibrout • stille in to |?e hour 
po was \>e king yarmed • )»at het elidour 
& jjisne heite man igroj) • & swong him aboute 145 
pis man was of him adrad • k of j^e grete route 
po (j[uaj> elidur ]'e king • to |;i.s lonerding \>eve 
Nou ich )'e wole (juelle • k gan him sore affere 
Bote l>ou bicome mi liroj^er man • ]7at he be king 

a^eyn 
pisse heite man answerede • k seide he wolde 

feyn 150 

pis is mi bro]?er qua)> pc king • argal )>at was iflemed 
He schal be eur king aien • iswere bi min heued 



138. hem'] oni. 5. softere^ softer fiy. no] om. 5. 

139. he] i>at he $yS. /jowe] no By, om. 5. huiinc'] kyuues yS^. 

140. Ac me scholde'] And hete S. hexte man] hexst man By ; heyxest 
men 5. in to fore] afore By ; ynne byfore 5. bringe] to 
bringe By. 

141. man nere so] men were uou^t By ; noman were 5. |>me] )>\s ByS. 

142. Towardes] Towarde 5. entri] to entree 5. her he] or he 
fiy ; are he had 8. sotide] sounde By. 

145. \>isne] yis By^- ^9^op] gropid jS^ ; he grepe 5. swony] 
swonge By. aboute] allabowte 5. 

146. ]f>e] his 5. 

147. po] Now 5. \>is] J>at 5. louerding] lordiuge By- 

148. ich \>e irole] I wil J^e 5. affere] afere By. 

149. Bote] But By ; Bot if S. i>at] and J>at 5. 

150. pisse] This By5. 

151. qua]>] quod /Sy ; qua)>e 5. was iflemed'] jeflemedejSy; was 
fiemed 5. 

152. He . . . evr] And schal be now S. eur] joure By. iswere] 
I swere By ; I seye 5. min heued] my heuede By ; myne heued 5. 



ApP. H.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 809 

pis hei^e louerd bicom his man • & dude al hare wille 

& ]?o was he sone ipult • in o derne hour stille 

po Elidur lette on oJ?er kny^t • after on oj^er erl 

gon 155 

& made him bicome argales man • as ])e o]?er hadde 

er idon 
pus dude Elidour j^e king • bi on erl & bi one 
So longe ]?at he hadde • |?e hei^e men echone 
po Elidour nom his broJ?er • & to euerwic wende 

anon 
& to fore al Iph lond folc • Ipe croune him sette 

opon 160 

po was argal king a^en • ac he werj? fol god Argal. 

Luy|?ernesse» he forsok anon • & to gode J^ewes stod 
Mid ^onge & olde se]?];e • he was god ynou 
Luyj^emes he ibrsok • & wisdom to him drou 
Ten ^er after he was king • & was god man ynou 165 
O day & );reo wike he was syk • & to )?e dej^e 

drou 
po was ded argal king • & Elidur was eft at en Elidur. 

poru al p&t land ichose • & king ymad to ben 
pis Elidur was J?e best man • ]?at miite on erj^e 

gon 
lugenes & peridui* ek • bicome his folle fon 170 



153. at hare'] jpere her 5. 

154. ipult] put fiy ; yputte 5. 

155. po] And fiy; om. S. iette] lete 0y. on oi>er] anoJ>er &y. after] 
om. 5. on o\>er] ano>er fiy. yon] fecche anone 5. 

156. argales] Argal ys 5. er idon] ydou S. 
158. he] J>ei fiy. echone] euerychone 5. 

160. to fore al \>is] afore Ms /Sy ; to fore alle ]>e 5. him sette opon] 
sette him on 5. 

161. po was argal] Argal was \>o 5. iver)f>] wexed fiy ; wor>e 8. 

162. stod] he stood S. 

164. Luy\>ernes] Lu^emesse /Sy ; Wickydnesse 5. 

166. wike] wykes ^y ; wokys 5. ]f>e de\>e] >e de}) he &y ; dethe 5. 

167. po . . . king] Tho kynge Argal was dede 5. §-] om. S. 

168. \>at] }>e S. &f king ymad] and kynge made ^y ; kynge & lorde 5. 
170. lugenes] lugenes /SyS. foUe] ful ^y. 



810 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[APP. H. 



Iiigencs. 



peridour. 



Elidour. 



Vor ]?at he was eft king • hi j^oute him done of lyiie 
Hij wenden ouer see aboute • & gaderede ost wel blyue 
& in )?isse londe eke her • )?at gret ost hi hadde 
To fiite mid hare bro))er • none schame hi nadde 
Gret bataile hi smite • ]>o hij to gadere come 175 

So }>at at ]?e laste point • Elidour hij nome 
To londone hij him ladde • & in |7e tour him leide 
perfore al ]?is lond folc • muche schame ham seidc 
pis bre]?eren hulde ]>is lond • & delde hit ham bitwenc 
lugenes hadde fram humber • su)?ward |ns lond al 
clene 180 

& Peridui' hadde bi humber • al ]?at lond bi nor); 
& se]?]>e sone ]>er after • al he hadde vor]) 
Vor lugenes ne lifde • bote seue ^er on his lond 
po peridour hadde J^is kinedom • al in his owene bond 
He bicom wel luyj^er • ]>e while he liuede on lond 1 85 
So ]>a,i com ]>e ferlich de]> • & slou him mid schonde 
po wende al ]>is lond folc • to londone for Elidour 
& out hine fette anon • ]?ar he lay on ]?e toiu' 



171. of 2 owte of 5. 

172. Hij . . . hlyue'] And gadered hem muche folke & with him bigan to 
stryiie ^y. Hij wendeii] And weuten 5. see aboute'] ]>e see 
anone 5. 

173. in \pisse londe eke"] eke of )>ys londe 5. 

174. none'] no ^y^. nadde] ne hadde 5. 

175. Gret] A stronge 5. smite] smote &y; smyttcn 5. 

176. point^ om. fiy. Elidour] kynge Elidour 5. 

177. To] Aud to 5. hij] om. 5. him] om. 5. 

178. ]>is] )>e S. muche . . . scide] hem muche schame seyde 5. 

179. delde] deUd fiy. hit] om. 5. 

180. lugenes] Ingensi375. al] om. 5. 

181. §•] om. S. hi] om. 5. 

182. ]>er after] aftir fiyZ. al] al H londe fiy. 

183. lugenes] lugenes fiy^. Ufde] lyued ^875. seue] seueu fiy^. 

184. \>o peridour] Peredoure \>o 5. ]>/s kinedom] al >is kyngdom /S^; 
)>Q kyngdam S. oicene] owen fiy ; om. S. 

185. He] Aud S. wel luy)per] fill luj^er fiy ; wel lu>ere 5. on] 
in S. 

186. com . . . de)>] ^er come a ferliche de)>e fiy; vereliche dethe come 5. 

187. \>is] J^ese 5. for] to S. 

188. hine] him jSyS. J^ar] }>ere as S. on] iu yS^S. 



ApP. H.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 811 

& mid gret onour him made • ]7e ]?ridde time king 
He was gode man ynou • &; ritful on alle |?ing 190 
po hit com to J»e time • )?at he scholde fare of 

lyue 
God endinge he hadde • J70 were hi dede alle fyue 
Gorbonianes sone his brojjer • after him was king 
He was ihote lador • god kny^t J^oru alle )?ing [L]ador, 

Litle while he leuede • & ])0 he com to his end- 
ing 195 
& Morgan argales sone • after him anon was king Morgan. 
O lev he liiiede on londe • and se]?]?e ded he lay 
Emnaines Morganes bro}>er • was king after his day Emnaines 
Emnaines wev]) a schrewe • & to lu]7ernesse drou depositus 
He hatede euere |)at ri^te • & louede euere J?at won 200 
So J?at al pis lond folc • hati^e him gonne blyue 
& also ate laste • of londe hi gonne him dryue 
& comen ham to gadere • so ]?at at ]>e forme 
Hi chose ham on o)?er king . )?at was lugeneses 
sone 



189. yret onourj honour ynow S. kirn inade'] made hym 5. 

190. on'\ in 1875. 

192. hi'] om. 5. 

193. Gorbonianes'] Gorbonians yS^ ; Gorbonian ys 5. 

194. ihote] callid fiy. god] a good 5. 

195. J>o he com to his] come to good 5. 

196. argales] Argal ys 5. a7ion] om. 5. 

197. 07i] in S. he] om. 5. 

198. Emnaines] Emmames fiyS. Morganes] Morgans fiy ; Mor- 
ganys S. 

199. Emnaines] Emmames fiy ; And 5. wer]>] woxe Py ; worthe 5. 
a schrewe] a grete sclu'ewe S. 

200. He] And S. euere] om. 5, ]>at ri^te] J>e rijt fiy; >at was ryyt 5. 
louede euere ]>at wou] to lu^emesse drou) S. \>at ivou] >e wou) jSy. 

201. \>is] hys 5. hatiye . . . blyue] to hate him bigan blyue 0y; owte 
of londe hym gan dryue S. 

202. Sf . . . . dryue] And anone sette a daye to chese ano^er as blj-ue 5, 
ate] atte Jje fiy. of] oute of fiy. 

203. comen ham] so J^ey come 5. so . . .forme] & i>ovLyt hit wel to 
doun Py ; and by an acorde anone S. 

204. chose] chosen fiy ; ches 5. on oi>er] anoJ>er $yS. lugeneses] 
Ingenes /8y ; Ingeueses 5. 



812 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[A PP. H. 



[I]wallo. Iwallo was his name • god man he was & wys 205 
Ne liuede he bote seue ^er • ]>ei he were man of 

pris 
After him Rixlede o king • Rime ihote was 
He was peredoures sone • no lyf him schape nas 
SeJ?]?e com gornicies • J>at was elidoures sone 
po com goraicies sone • catulus was his name 210 

Se]?|^e com on oJ?er king • coillus )?at was his broj^er 
& so com porrex ]>e king • of pe kunne & was on 

o) er 
Se]y]fe com cherim king • was porrexes kunnes man 
He leuede sumdel longe- he nas nout ded anon 
Muche he dronk mede & wyn • al he bilefde on 

drenche 215 

Al he les his vvorschipe • for |jc wyn schenche 
Euere mete &) drinke • he had on his mode 
Ac al ]>e while he liuede • j^is lond was fol of gode 
po hit com to ]>e time • J?at he ded lay 
preo sones he hadde • ase ich eu telle may 220 



[K]ime. 

Gornicies 
Catulus. 
Coillus. 
I'orrex. 

Cherim. 



scue'] seuen fiy ; seueue 5. 
liime ihote} Kime ycailid fiy ; 
to . . . nas'] no longe 



205. Iwallo] WalIo/87; 'WalleS. 

206. Ne liuede he] And lyued not 5. 
\>ei . . . pris] J^at he nas dede ywys 5. 

207. Rixlede] regned jS^S. o] a 5. 
)>at rime yhote 5. 

208. peredoures] peridurus 0y ; Poredourys S. 
him yschape nas 5. 

209. Se\>]>e com yornicies] Coronces com setthe 5. S'e)>J)e] SiJ>en 0y. 
\>at was elidoures sone] Elidoure ys was t>at same S. sone] sone bi 
cas $y. 

210. gornicies] Coronces 5. was his name] liis name was 0y. 

211. Se^Jje] Si)>en 0y. on oi>er] anoJ>er fiyS (& passim). 

212. Sf so] Setthe 5. \>e Itiny] kynge 5. hunne] kynne /87S (& 
passim). §' was] \>at was 5. 

213. Se\>);>e] Setthen 5. was] }>at was 5. porrexes] Porrex fiyS. 

214. he nas] he was fiy; and was S. 

21.'S. dronk] dranke /875. mede] meed/37; meeth 5. bilefde] 

bileued 187 ; Ij-ued S. drenche] drynk 5. 

216. Al] Therfore 5. les] lese 1875. for . . . schenche] ffor at 

Jje wyne was his swynk 5. 
220. hadde] had ho S. ich eu] I )ow ^y. 



Apr H.] 



ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



813 



225 



pe eldest het fulgencus • aldadus • angragus • j^e o]?er 

tweiie were 
Ac wel litle while • hij liiiede on londe here 
Ech of ham on ]?is lond • king was one stounde 
Ac wi]7inne four ^er • hij were ibrout to grounde 
Angradus 'pe tongeste • o sone hadde er 
Vrian he was ihote • king he was |-'0 her 
^er he liuede here • and sone ded lay 
After him was eliud king • ]^at was 

may 
po com cledanc • Cloten • & gurguntiiis |;at on 
pes ]?reo were kinges here • bi rewe on and on 
Sone hi were dede • po com king Merian 
Hound and hauek he louede • & was an 



Vrianus. 



his nexte Eliud. 



230 



Merianus. 



hendi 



man 



And he was so fair man • )?at wimmen him louede 

He hit wiste swi)>e wel • ac he ham forhowede 

Ac euere he louede J^e quene • for to his ending 235 

& after his dayte bledon • his owe sone was Bledon. 



king 



221. fulgencus'] Fulgeneus PyS. aldadus'] Aldust S. 
Andragus 5. \>e] i>o 5. 

222. wel] rijt &y ; ful 5. on] iu 5. 
on] of 5. one] on /Sy ; o 5. 
hij were ibrout to] alle l^ey were at 5. 
Anyradus] Andragus 5. a] o S. er] t>ere 5. 



angragus] 



223 
224 
225 
226 
227, 
228 



king he ivas] i>at kynge 5. 



ihote] callid jSy. 

ded] he dede /By. 

After . . . eliud] And Eliud after hym S. 

229. Sf] om. 5. 

230. Omitted in &y. pes] Tho 5. rewe] rowe 5. 

231. J>o com . . . Merian] and kynge Merian after come 5. 

232. Hound and hauek] Hound & hauke fiy. And hondus & hawkes S. 
louede] loued wel ^y. ^'] he fiy. hendi man] hende man fiy ; 
hende gome 5. 

233. he] eke 5. maw] a man 5. 

234. hit wiste] wistj >at S. swi\>e] ri)t jSy ; ryght 5. he] 
om. j8y. forhowede] for houede fiy. 

235. for to his] vn to his fiy ; for to here 5. 

236. §•] And ^an S. day-^e] day /SyS. owe] owen 187 ; om. 5. 



814 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. H. 

He was riche man ynoii • & j^er to he was hendc 
Nas her neuereft sej^J^e king • so cousti in echo ende 
Cappe. Se]?)?e com cappe his sone • »fc after him was king 
Ocn. And after cappe Oen • a schrewe to his ending 240 

Siliius. Oenes sone king was )?o • Sillius ich wot he het 
bieoga- j)g(j jjg ^g^g . Qjj Qjjgp gQjjj . {\iqIq Jjc was blcoga- 
bred. ^ . ' ° 

bred 

Nas ]>eY noman in londe • J^at so muche of song 

cou|7e 
Ne of haq^e ne of fij^ele • ne so murine of mouj'e 
Ne of saiitri^e ne of coriun • gleomen he louede 
bliue 245 

He cou]?e ase manite songes • ase eni man aliue 
So ]7at al ]>'m lond folc • spac of him ynou 
Euere was J'is king glad • to ioite his herte drou 
At \>e laste he deyde • & hadde fair ending 
Arkanius. Arkanius his bro))er • after him was king 250 

Seue ZQY he was king • & wel hekl J;is kincdom 
Ne liuede he no lengore • & ]70 j^e de]> him nom 



237. He'] And 5. he was"] eke 5. 

238. Nas her neuereft] Was here neuer $y ; Was >ere neiier here 5. so 
cousti] so riche .67 ; more trustic 5. m eche] in to his 5. 

240. A7hI after cappe] After Cappe come 5. Oen] One ^37 ; 
Oweyn S. 

241. Oe7tes] Ones /37 ; Owenis 5. .S<7/(«s] fBUius 5. ich wot he 
het] )>at hetc S. 

242. 071 o]>er] a noJ>er ^375. ihotc he teas] \>At hetc 5. hleoyahrcd] 
Blcogabryyt Py ; Bledgabred 5. 

243. Nas] Was /375. of sou y] om. ^y. 

244. Ne] No^er ^y. fi);>ele] fe)>ele J87 ; flpjthil 5. 7te . . . 7)ioui>e] 
neuere efte ne nouj^c S. muriye] mery J37. 

245. Ne] No /37. coriuTi] corum;87; cormuse 8. yleomen] 
glemen 1875. 

246. cou\>e] coude fiy. ase ma7iiye] as many ^y; also fele 5. «»] 
ony ^y. a line] of lyue J875. _^ 

247. \>is] om. S. 

248. to ioiye his herte drou] & to loye drow^ S. 

250. Arkanius] Argamus 187 ; Ai'kinans S. 

251. Seue] Seuen ^7.- ivas ki7iy] lyuyd 8. 

252. Ne liuede he] No lyued he ^y ; He lyued 8. lenyore] lenger $yS. 
Sf J)o >e de\>] but J'an deh &y. 



ApP. H.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 815 

SeJ?]7e was his sone king • aldolf was his name Aldolf. 

Manize was J?e gode wif • ]7at he dude gret schame 

Vor l^er nas no fau' wif • on his kinedome 255 

■^if ]7at he hiire yseite • J^at nas for hored sone 

Viies wynes ne barons • ne kny^tes no )?e mo 

Ne sparede he ri^t nou^t • j^at he ne di^te ham 

so 
Dedliche he was ihated • for his horedome 
per fore ne lefde he hit nou^t • ar ]?e dep him 

nome 260 

After him his sone was king • Redion his name Rediou. 

was 
Half lev & seue nyt ek • no lengore his Hf nas 
SeJ?]?e Reddare his bro]?er • hadde ]?is kinedom Reddare. 

And lyuede lutle while • & ])e de]? him nom 
Be]>]>e com on o]?er after him • &5 liuede swij^e 

wel 265 

His name was ihote • samuel penicel Samuel. 

He was on his lyue • euere swi]?e riche 
Of richesse to fore aUe o)?ere • he was vniUche 



254. \>e gode'] J>at good 5. 

255. nas'} was PyS. on] in /Sy; in alle 5. 

256. i/seiye] saw^ $y. \>at nas for hored] sche was for hored fiy ; 
J>at nas forleyne 5. 

257. wyues] wifes )3y. no] neuer fiyS. 

258. Ne sparede he] No spared he ^y ; He spared hem 5. nou-^t] 
none fiy. 

259. ihated] hatide J87. 

260. ^erfore ne lefde he hit] For he hit lefte 5. lefde] leued fiy, 
ar] tylle S. \>e] cm. fiy. 

262. seue nyt] seuen nyjt /3-) . 

264. lyuede lutle while] lyued litel -while ^y ; litle while lyued 5. ^-J 
ore 5. 

265. on o\>er] an o)?er ^y ; cm. 5. ^ liuede] on Jsat lyued 5. sivi\>e] 
ry>t ^y. 

266. ihote] callid J87. 

267. on] in ^y. euere] one 5. stvi\>e] ryjt $y. 

268. to fore alle] before al ^y ; to alle |>o 5. viiiliche] vnliche ySy ; 
al vnliche 5. 



<S10 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. I. 

Pyr. After him com on o)?er • Pyr his name was 

His her was ase goldwyr • & he fair on eche cas 270 

Tftpor. After his de]> com tapor • & was king of londe 

Eligille, & se)>]7e com eligille • & ]>is lond huld al on honde 
Stillelichc he held jns lond • wysman he was ynou 
Vif & twenti winter • & to ])e de]?e drou 

Hely. After him his sone was king • hely his name was 275 

& liuede folle fourti ^er • |>at was him god cas 
Oj^er while he was in werre • & o]>er while in pes 
Stalewor}>e man he was ynou • ywis wi])oute les 
preo sones he hadde ]>o • stalewor]7e on eche cas 

Lud. j)^. vldest was ihoto lud • cassibel |)e o])er was 280 

pe l^ridde het nennius • nis hit nout lesing 
Ac lud for he was vldest • after his fader was 
kinff 



1 (page 75, line 1024). 

After this line a^h insert the following : — 

pat furst het ]>e nywe troi^e • vor hit noble cite is 
per inne haue]? maniman • ofte ibeon in blis 



269. on oi>er'] ano)>er fiy. 

270. oil eche cas'\ on his face fiy ; in eche cas S. 

272. com eli(/ilfr'\ come Eligclle $y; eligille come 5. \>i.s land huld «/] 
)>is londe helde al &y ; had \>ys reme 5. 

273. Stillflic/ic he] And iu pes 5. 

274. T7/] Fyue 0y. \ to'] & i>ou to 5. (Iron] he drowj 5. 

275. After him] And after 5. his] hi o. was] wa o. hcli/] Elye fiy. 

276. folle] fill ;87. (/<)</] a good 5. 

277. he «■«*■ in werre] in ■woi'ie he was 5. 

278. t/noii] cm. S. 

279. bo] om. 5. stalewor)i>e] staleworthe men J87. on] in 5. 

280. rldest] eldist ;87. /7io/eJ callyd ^y. lud] ludde 5. 
eassihel] Cassibelaimus 5. 

281. het] hiit)37. iietniius] "iHemirnxs fiy ; Nenius 5. nis] is )87. 
nout] no ^78. 

282. rldest] eldist dy. 

1. het] hiit ^y ; heyxt 5. \>e] om. 5. noble] a noble 5. 

2. /uiKt)'] hah &y, hathe S. mani] many a 5. ofte] ful ofte 5. 
ibeon] beu 187 ; ybe 5. 



ApP. K.L.M.N.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 817 

K (page 77, lines 1053, 1054). 
Alter line 1052, the following lines are inserted in 

po king belin & brenne come • mid ost & wonne rome 
& oure auncestres slowe • & gret garison Jer nome 
per of we scholde awreke beo • ich sweri^e bi min heued 
& winne a^en f>e tresor • ]7at of rome was bi reued 

L (page 102, line 1419). 
The following lines are added in a^y : — 
After two & twenti ^er • \o al )7is was ido 
Telaforus \q pope • of rome |?at was \o 
Ferst stablede to singe • in holi chirehe ywis 
Gloria in excelsis • jjat is song of muche blis 

M (page 113, line 1569). 
The following lines are added in a/Sy: — 
On langage of Rome • & laterane icleped is 
Vor }»is vlke frogge • was ]?er ihud ywis 

N (page 118, line 1653). 
The following lines are inserted in a^y : — 

Er ]?at seint austin • hider com ywis 

Four hundred ter and twenti • ido was al ]?is 

K. 1 . po] The 5. brenne] Brenni /Sy ; his brojjcre 5. mid ost] om. 5. 

wonnc] wanne fiy. 

2. auncestres'] auncetres &y ; eldre >ere S. slowe] slouj Py ; slowj S. 
garison] garson 5. 

3. scholde] schul ^y^. ich sweriye] I swere &y^. hi min] be my 
j87 ; by myne 5. 

Lines 1053, 1054, stand as follows in a, followed substantially by fiy. 
Chiualeri;e ne konne hi noujt • ich not hou hij my^te 
Bi ham sulue in one hurne • ase ber of wi)>oute si^te 
L. 1. )>is] om. y. ido] do ^. 

3. stablede] stabled fiy. 
M. 1 . O?/] Of Py. laterane] latarane fiy, icleped] callid ^y. 

2. vlke] ilke fiy. 
N. 1. Er] Or/37. 

3 F 



818 THE CHRONICLE OF [ApP. 0. P. Q. R. 



(page 178, line 2502). 

In wjSy the following lines are added here : — 

Vort ])a,t folc of denemarch • come to jns lond 

& landcastel him clepede • ^o hi him hadde an hond 



P (page 188, line 2636), 
The following lines are added here in «/37 : — 
& ne gi'antede him nout • a londe ]>at he come 
Mid so gret route ]>o • he nuste what to done 



Q (page 225, line 3191). 

The following lines are added in a!3y : — 

Wo & sorewe to ]>h lond • is cominge wi)?oute pes 
Bote god nime ]7er of teme • ne wor];e neuere reles 



R (page 272, line 3862). 

The following lines are inserted here in a, after line 
3896 in ^7:— 

& alle )?e heite men of J?e lond • j^eodre com him to 
& al J>at he comandude • sone hit was ido 



O. 1. Vorti Vn to /S7. denemarch'] Denmarke ^y. lojid'} londe ^87. 

2. him clepede] hit callid ^y. J>o hi him] when \>e\ hit 0y. an 

hond] on honde &y. 
P. 1. ne grantede] graunted fiy. a lo7tde ]pat he] that he alonde 7. 

2. Mid] With ^y. he . , . done] but sende a^en some Py. 

Q. 1. sorewe] sorw is fiy. is] cm. ^7. ivi\>oute] wythonten 7. 

2. Bote] But ^y. nime] take ;37. wor]?e] schal \>er be ^87. 

E. 1. lond] londe ^7. )>eodre com] J>ider come /37. 

2. al] alle ^y. ido] do fi. 



ApP. S.J ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 



819 



S (page 327, line 4632). 

After this the following lines are added in u^y^e-.— 

Hi bisegede J^ane toun longe . & ne myte him winne 
nout 

Vor cirencestre was strong toun. are he were adoun 
ibrout 

po king gormond isey . )^at he ne myte in none 

wyse 

Mid strengj^e j^ane toun winne . he J^outc mid quoin- 

tyse 

He sende men aboute . & let nyme mid ginne 5 

Alle ]7e quike sparewene ■ pat me myte awinne 
po let he nime tynder • &; burden aboute al ]?is 
He bond & suche made • mani^e himdi-ed ywis 

S. 1- ^^]The^; TheyT; Thcie; First>ey5. i>ane toun] Ht ioy.ne 

^ ; the towne y, ; h.m 5. „e] ),ei ne e ; om. 5. /,,„n 

hit Se ; om. y. -' 

2. cirencestre-] Cirecestre ^ ; Circester e. «;«s] was >o a 5 : was a e 
strong] strond a ; stronge &. are] or ;85e. /,.] hit m. iver'e 
adoun] ATas adou fi ; adou were 5. ibrout] broiiit fiy 

3. Vo] The ^5. isey] yse ^ ; sawe 5 ; hit se e. ^J «.y<.l my .t 
nojt 6. none] no 5e. •/ J J;"- 

4. Mid] With ^e MuZ s^m^^rj,. >a«e toun] The towe wyth strenghte y. 
Wne] Hi ^e ; |,e 5. he] ^erfor he e. ^.oute] >oujt /3e. l.ol 
<?/se] queyntise j8 ; queyntyse e. 7 ^ 

5. sende] sent ^e ; sende his S. «ie« a6o../e] a boute his men e let 
ni/me] lete take /35. mid] with ySe. 

6. 9MiAe sparewene] quyk sparowes ^ ; quycke sparowes e. mel men B 
aivinne] wynne 5e. -' 

7. po] Thanne ^. Ze< he nime] lete he take /3 ; he let nyme e ^v„,/.rl 
tuudcr /8 ; tendern 5, which adds ^ -■ 

& \>ev amydde he cast 
A litil spelde of fuyre • and abowte >e speld fast • 
He by wounde >ys tender 
hurden] heerdes B ; hyrden 6. aboute] aboue 5 

8. bond] bonde ^e. .«cA. made] made suche .. ' maniy] many /?. 
hundred] an hundred 5; an hunderd e; thousande-y. 

3f 2 



820 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. S. 

ifc teide hit to j^is sparewen • & flowen an eue 

In rekes and hous wi]?oute • as hi were ywoned 

bileue 10 

pis fur was wi[?inne eiiere • vort hit com at |^an 

ende 
Wi)?oute to ]>e hurden • ])0 gan hit to li^e tende 
& sette afure rek & hous • & barnde al jjane 

toun 
pus was ]?e noble cyrencestre • furst ibrout adoun 
Spare wechestre hit was icleped • longe for j^is cas 15 
pat mid suche sparewene • ]>us y wonne heo was 
pe brutons as hi nede moste • wende out to hare 

fon 
& Gormund king & his folc • a^en ham com anon 



9. ieide'\ tyed fie. hit] hem fi ; om. f. j^/s] t>ise j8 ; hys 5 ; J>e yf. 
spareiveii] sparoweu 5 ; sparowos fit. Jlowen] t)e flowen S ; let hem 
fle 6. an eue'] an euen 6 ; an ene S ; a^eyne e. 

10. /w] Into )36 ; Into the 7. rekes and] euesys of e. hous] houses 
^e ; into houses 5. as] jjer )3 ; J>ere e. i/iconed] woned e ; wont (3. 
hileue] bileueu j3 ; by lene 5; a nene e. 

11. fur] fure ^ ; fyer 6. luas] wex 5. vort] vn to yS ; for to Se. 
com'] come jSe \>an] )je )3 ; ]>e last e. 

12. hurden] heerdos /3 ; hyrden e. )po ga7i'] hanganne yS ; })0 bygaune f. 
/</< /o /«)e] hit >e leghje )8 ; hit the light 7 ; hit a ley)e 5 ; >e ly^t to e. 

13. se«e] setted e. afure] afyre iS ; afyer e. re/<] reke ;3; bojj 
reke e. hous] house /8e. barnde] brenned /3 ; barned S ; brent e. 
jjane] J^at fle. 

14. }pus . . . adoun] This was a quayte (quaynte 7) biJ>ou)t while to 
brynge a toune done (doune 7) fiy, omitted in e. 

15. Sparewechestre] Sparowchestre fl ; Sparowchester e. icleped] 
cleped 5 ; callyd 0. 

IG. mid] with fle. sparewene] sparowes fle ; sparowen 5. j/wonne] 

wonne fl. heo] hit fle ; om. 5. 

17. as] i>o e. hi] \>ei fl; om. e. nede] nedes e. moste] 
most fl ; must 7 ; muste e. we7ide out] went oiite fl. harefoii] 
here fone fl. 

18. ^-J om. S. Gormund] Gormonde fl ; kyng Gormounde e. hincj] 
kyuge fl ; Jje kynge 5. com anon'] come;;anoue fl ; come a noon e. 



Apr T. U.] Robert of Gloucester. 821 

T (page 335, line 4754). 
The following lines were added in a.pye -. — 
Seint austin wende wide • to prechi cristendom 
& ]?erto bifel o time • j^at to roucestre he com 
And folc ])ev was inne • ])at nolde him leue noiit 
Ne ]7e cristendom fonge • pat he hadde ibrou^t 
Ac hengim on his clo];es • fisch tayles of rayte 5 

& driue him jwru tonne • |?ane deouel to payte 
Of god he bad o bone ■ to habbe of him munde 
pat hi hadde tailes • & alle hare o}?er kunde 
& )?iilke sulue bone • was igraunted ]>o 
^ute libbej? of |;e kunde • ytailed mani^e so 10 

U (page 343, line 48G4). 
The following lines are added in BCa/SySe : — 
Bledder due of cornwaile • & cad wan of walls 
& Margad on o|?er due • & al hare power ywis 



rp 1. we7ide] went j86. prechi'] preche /Be. 

2. i>erto] hit fie. o] on a e. to roucestre he com'] he to Rouehostre 
(Roucestre e) come fie. 

3. folc] J>e folke e. J>er w«s iime] that was therynney; ))at J>enn 
was 6. \>at nolde] )>at wolde fi ; wolde no J^ing e. him] to him e. 

4. )>e]no fi ; none y. fonye] take e. 

5. Ac hengim] But houged fi ; But hougeden e. »'«'/Jc] Ray fi. 

6. driue] droue fi ; dryffe e. \poru] burgh fi ; boru) be e. \>(me 
deouel] be deuel fie. payye] pay fi. 

7. bad] asked fie. o] one fi ; a, e. Ii07ie] Boone fi; bonee e. 
habbe] haue fie. munde] mynde fie. 

8. hi] bei ^e. hadde] haue e. /mre] here /8 ; her e. kunde] 
kynde fie. 

9. \>idke sulue] bilke self fi ; bat e. /vo7te] boone fi ; bonce e. igraunted] 
grauntede anone fi. 

10. ^M<e //Meb] ^it leueb ;3; ^it lyueb e. )>e kunde] be kynde fi ; bat 
kynde e. ytailed maniy] many ytayled e. ytailed] tayled /8. 
maniye] men y8 ; many 7. 

U. 1. Bledder] Ac bledder B. due] Duke )3f. of cornwaile] corne- 

wale C. ofivalis] Duke of M-alis /Se. 

2. Margad] Margat /Se. o?t o\>cr] ano^er BC;8e, r/Mc] Duke fie. 

al hare power] her poer al B ; hore power al C ; al here power fi ; al 
her power e. 



822 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. V. W. 

& o]7ere brutons j^at ]?er were • suiiten out anon 
& o bataile strong ynou • smite mid hare fon 

V (page 346, line 4914). 

After this the following lines are inserted in aSye : — 
Segbrizt ]?at ich anempnede er • was a swi]?e holi 

man 
Vor ]>e abbey of westmunstre • he formest bigan 
He was ]?e furste king • ]?at }>ulke stude gan arere 
& sQ]>]>e at his hende day • he was yburyed j^ere 
Seue hundred ^er & sixe • |7er were ney agon 5 

Se]?])e ]?at he was ybured • fair vnder a ston 
& sumdel of him was • also hoi ifounde 
Ase ]?ulke day )?at he was • furst yleid on grounde 

W (page 375, line 5155). 
After this the following are added in ajSye : — 
Vor seint formond was ded • among ham in bataile 
pat king of estsex was • at ]7ulke time san faile 



3. o\>ere'\ oJ>er BC;3e. Jjcr] >ere j8. smiten 0!<i] smyte hem out B ; 
smete horn out C ; smytten owte 5 ; went oute j8. a7io7i'] anone 0. 

4. o] a Be ; an C. strong'] stronge )3. smitel smete C ; J^ei smyte 
)8 ; }>ei smytte e ; smytten 5. mid'] with )8e ; w' 5. hare] her 
j85e ; hore C ; here jS. fon] fone j8. 

V. 1. Segbriyt] Seybry^t e. ich anempnede] I nempned )3 ; y nempmed e. 
swii>e] ryjt ;8. 

2. Vor] For /Se. westmunstre] Westmynstre j8 ; westmynster e. 

3. He] For he e. furste] furst /3 ; first e. ])ulke stude] ^jilke 
stede j3 ; J)ilke stedde e. 

4. seljlje] sithe /8 ; si))J>e e. hende] ende ySe. yhuryed] buriede j3. 

5. Seue] Seuen/3; Seuene e ; Seuene yere 7. ^er] om. e. >er] 
J)ei e. ney] ny^e e. 

6. Se\>\>e] Sithe /8 ; Sihl^e e. ybured] buried ;8 ; y buryed e. fair] 
faire ^ ; fayre e. 

7. hoi] hool )3 ; hole e. 

8. ^se] As jSe. \>ulke] l^ilke j8e. furst] first e. z/Ze/rf] laide 
;8 ; ylayde e. on] in ;3 ; vnder e. 

W. 1 . Vor] For /Se. formond] Formonde |8. rfeJ] dede )3 ; deed e. 

2. An/r/ . . . uKis] was kyng of Estsex e. ^??j^] kynge fi. \>idke] bilke 

/3 ; J>at e. .sa?* faile] sans) faile )3 ; wythouten faile 7 ; samfaylle €. 



Apr X. Y.] Robert of Gloucester. 823 

& noil at dounstaple • for so]?e he li]? & is 
On a schrine wel faire • his bones fole ywis 



X (page 375, line 5157). 
After this the following lines are added in a^ye : — 
On a wode he was aslawe • ]7at koiibache icleped is 
& at winchecumbe his bones • yschrined bii]? ywis 
Vor after ]?at seint kenelm • J^orii swikedom ded lay 
Fourti ler after • ]7at heued spak in o day 
& seide her li]? kenelm • of his heiiede bireiied 5 

pat J'oru his soster & ]?e stiward • so was igreued 



Y (page 378, line 5207). 
After this the following lines are added in aj^ye : — 
& ]>e teo]?e hyde • of |>is lond euere mo 
To god & holi chirche • he ^af quyt so 
To sustenance of poueres • ido was al ]>is, 
& se]?}>e to rome • of eche house ywis 

3. noil"] nowe j3e. dounstaple'] Dunstable j8e. Z/Jj] liej> /8 ; lijje e. 

4. Oti] In /3e. wel] ry)t ;8. fole] ber /3 ; fulle e. 

X. 1. On] In /Se. wode] wodde ;8. he] as lie y. aslawe] slayn 

j8 ; sleyne e. koiibache] Cowbache /8e. icleped] callid ^. 

2. winchecumbe] Wynchecombe ^ ; wyncbekombe e. yschrined bu]>] 
scbryned ben j8 ; y shryned ben e. 

3. Vor] For /Se. )>oru] Jjurgh ;8 ; \>ov\\y e. ded] dede ^ ; 
deed e. 

4. )>a<] bis 6. ZiCitefZ] heed j8e. spak] spake jSe. m o] on a 
)3 ; in a €. 

5. seide] saide /8 ; seid e. her li\>] here liej? /3 ; here libe e. heucde] 
heed j8e. bireucd] byreuyde j8. 

6. Jjorjt] Jjurgli /3 ; jjoruj e. sosfer] suster j3e. ))e stiward] \>g 
stiwarde )3 ; his Styward e, igreued] greuyde /3. 

Y. 1 . teo\>e hijde] tenl)ehede iS ; tenj>e heed e, lo7id] londe 0. euere 

mo] euer more l>o /3 ; euer mo c. 

2. §•] & to 6. yaf] jaue /3e. guyt] 8c quelled ;3 ; a queynt- 
aunce e. 

3. sustenance] sustentacion e. poueres] poremen & of cristendom e. 
ido] doun j8. 

4. sabj)e] sithe j8 ; sy>J>e e. 



824 THE CHRONICLE OF [ApP. Z. 

Furst he taf j^e rente • )?at petres peny is 5 

& ]?uder he taf more • ]7at was ek lo ))is 

On hundred of besans • ]>&t li^t vorto amende 

Of seint peter • & to poules • on o]?er he sende 

To ]>G pope ]>e ]?ridde • to ben on his }?out 

pus was J)is lond ]>o • in seruage ibrout 10 

pe king was at rome • o zer after ]?is 

& se]>]>e ine france • hamward ywis 

To habbe to wyue • ludith he nom 

Charles kinges douter • & com hider horn 

Se];])e he deitede sone • & at winehestre ywis 15 

Yburited faire was • f>ar he ^ut his 

Z (page 386, line 5307). 
After this the following lines are added in a/^yt : — 
& fram ];e bodi hit ladde for]? • & so at ]>e laste 
In l^e wode ]?at het eglesdone • among breres hit caste 



5. Furst'] First e. )q/"] ^aue /8e. reJitel rent )3e. petres] Petrys )3. 
peny] penyes e. 

6. )5?«(/er] ]>ider jSe. ^'^Z ] jaue /3e, i>at was ek lo] lo I'at was also e. 
eA lo] eke lo 7 ; also j3. 

7. 0?i] And an ;8 ; And €. hu7idred] hunderd e. iesaws] besaunte^ 
j3 ; besaun^ttes e. /e^<] lithe 7. t;or/o] for to j8e. 

8. poules] seynt Poules e. 071 o]>er] one o)>er )8 ; a no)>er e. 

9. \>ridde] )>irdde e. ie?» o?j] bene in jS ; be in e. 

10. lo7id })o] londe ^an ^. 

11. /hw^?] kynge ^. o xer] one ^ere j8 ; one )eer e. 

12. sej^jjp] sithe /8 ; sijj)je e. ?'wc] in /Se. ha77nrard] homewarde 
/3 ; homward 6. 

13. habbe] haue )3e. M>?/Me] wyfe fi ; wyffe e. mow] nome j8e. 

14. Charles kinges douter] kyng Charles dou^tter €. co7n] come /Se. 
Ao/k] home ^e. 

15. S'eHe] Sethe j8 ; SiJ'be e. deiyede] deiede /3 ; dyde e. so7(c] 
soone j8. 

16. Yburiyed faire ivas] Buryed he was faire /S ; I buryed was fajre e. 
i>ar] pere /Se. ^m< At's] ^it is /Se. 

Z. 1. fra7n^ from 7 ; fro e. hit ladde] >ei ladde hit ;8 ; they hadde hit 7 ; 

had hit e.for\>] ior\>e fie. laste] last fie. 

2. In \>e] Into a e. ?foc?e] wodde j8. het] hi^t ;3 ; hyte e. egles- 

do7ie] Eglesdoune /8 ; Eglesdowne e. amony] amonge fit. hit caste] 
>ei hit cast ;8e. 



ApP. Z.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 825 

pat his folc ne scliolde nout • mid |>e bodi hit burite 

hi |70ii2te 
^ut his folc ]?er after • in jnilke wode hit soutte 
&; vp & doun hi ourne • in |?ikke & |7unne ]?ere 5 

pat hefd forto finde • lif cristes wille hit were 
Whar art ];ou hi seide • ech to o|?er her & ]7er 
pat holi hefd answerede • lo her • her • her 
& euere so gradde • ]?at hefd of J?e kynge 
Vort alle here men • to him come }>ringe 10 

O gret wolf me fond ]>ev • |?at hefd ywuste hadde 
pat none o]?ere bestes • yperissched hit nadde 
pis folc nom J>at hefd • & to |?e bodiie here 
& j?e wolf siwede • wij» oute eni fere 
pat hefd to j^at bodice • ]>is gode men sette 15 

& in o fair tombe • biirien hit lette 



3. folc^ folke 0f. Jie'] om. 6. scholde'] schulde jSe. mid'\ 
with )3e. hit burl^e hi ]f>ouyte'\ hit bury Jjei J^ou^t /8 ; berye hit J?ei 
Jjoujt e. 

4. yuq pt j8e. folc;\ folke /8. )>«•] here e. \>ulke'} t>ilke ; 
^at €. hit souxte] \>ei sou^t /Se. 

5. Sf vp'] Vp e. hi our?^] \>ei ranne jSe. ]>un?ie1 thynne ;3e. 

6. he/d] heed /Se. hit] om. e. 

7- Whar] Whare j8 ; Where e. hi seide] ]>ei saide P ; i>ei seid e. ech] 
eche ;8€. her Sf \>er] here & )>ere I3e. 

8. pat] The y. hefd] heed /Se. answerede] answerde /3 ; answerd e. 
Aer her her] here here here fie. 

9. ewere so] euerso fi ; so euer e. gradde] calhd /3 ; ciyed e. hefd] 
heed ^e. hynge] kj-ng e. 

10. Fori] Vn to /3 ; For to e. Acre] his fie. to] aboute fie. 
come] gonne fi ; gan e. )>ri7iye] J>ryng e. 

11. O] A e- tvolf] wolfe j8. me fond] men fonde /Se. Ae/H] 
)>e heed fi ; heed e. ywuste] kept /3 ; ykept e. hadde] had e. 

12. oi>ere] o\>ev fie. bestes] beest e. yperissched] perisched fi. 
hit nadde] ne hadde y ; hit had e. 

13. pis/oZc] Thi.se folke fi. ?wm] toke (8 ; nome e. hefd] heed fie. 
bodiye] bodi hit )8 ; body hit e. 

14. wolf] wolfe j8. siwede] sewed fie. wi}p otite] withouten fi ; 
wil> out €. eH«] any ;3€. 

1.5. hefd] heed ;8e. M] the 7. ]pis gode] Jjise 

good fie. 
16. ^ "t . . . lette] And to burye hit in a faire toumbe men wolde nou^t 

lette fi. ofair] a fayre e. hnrien] brien a ; to berye \>q\ dude e. 



826 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. Z. 

After ]7is buri^ing • J?is wolf for]? ywende 

pat neuere eft more after • noman him ne kende 

Wei fale ter J»er after • ]70 worres aslakede 

One faire grete chirche • )?at lond folc makede 20 

At beadricune ordre • ase ]>e toiin was ihote 

& ]7at bodi per inne • leiden wel swote 

Of )?at hefd was o wonder • me fond hit apliyt 

Aien to ]>e bodite • y woxe fol ri^t 

Al hoi & soimde • no wounde on him nas 25 

Ac hit ]?oiite ase o red ]?red • ];cr ]>e wounde er 

was 
In al suche forme • J>at bodi ^ut is 
& abide]? ]>e time • of heuene riche blis 



17. i>is] his ye. buriyng] burienge /3 ; berying e. wolf^ wolfe ^, 
for\> ywende] forj^e dide wende /8 ; dide forthe wende 7 ; for)>e wende e. 

18. neuere eft 7nore'] neuer more \>ev & ; neuer more eftc e. after no 
man] no man after e. ?ic] om. e. 

19. Wel fale yer} At many ^eres ;8 ; Wel feel ^eer e. iter after] after e. 
i>o worres] when ]pe werres ; \>e werres e. aslakede] was slakyd 
j3 ; were slakyd y ; aslaked e. 

20. One] A e. faire grete] gret & faire $ ; feyre gret e. lond folc] 
londe folke |8 ; londes folke e. makede] makyd /3 ; maked e. 

21. At] fit ; Ac a. beadricune] Bedricune $. ase] as )3e. <om?i] 
towne ;8e. 

22. |>er imie] wythynne y. leiden wel] J>ei laide ri^t $ ; )>ey leyden 
wel e. swofe] sote e. 

23. Ae/rf] heede /3 ; heed e. o] a e. wonder] wounder j8. me 
fond] men fonde /3e. 

24. ^)e7i] A^eyn /3e. ?>oc?«^e] body j8e. ?/ Jt^o.re] y wexed e. /o/] 
fulle j3 ; fill e. 

25. /to/] hole j3e. iwjmc/c] wonde e. 

26. Ac . . . \>red] But hit was like a rode {rede y3 ; hit semed as a rede 
J>rede e. \>e ivounde] wondes e. 

27. «/ s?/c/je] J?at e. )>«<] al )>at e. ywi] ^it j3e. 

28. heuene riche] heuenryche fi. ■ blis] bhsse /8e. 



ApP. AA. BB.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 827 

AA (page 387, line 5315. 

After this the following lines are added in a/Sye : — 
pe amorewe 'per after • j^e king his masse yherde 
He nolde per hannes passi • for nones kunnes verde 
Vor whi alfred his bro|7er • comencede one bataile 
Foleliche ]?at neywhat • ouercome he was san faile 
& ofte he sende after pe king • to helpe ham J^at he 

come 5 

Ac he nolde ar he hadde • pe masse of god ysome 
& }>o he hadde ihurd masse • he bigan wel his rewe 
He com to pe bataile • & J?er god him gan schewe 
Vor |?er he ouercom his fon • & J^e king of denemarc 
He slou «Ss fif erles }>er to • nere hi no so stare 10 

BB (page 394, lines 5410, 5411). 
Instead of these lines cc^y^ have the following: — 
Nou schortliche ihure]? • as ich eu telle kan 
Hon strange lyf ladde • alfred j^is gode man 



AA. 1. J.''e] Then ; po e. amorewe'} amorowe )8e. yherde'] dide here 

/3 ; herde e. 

2. nolde'] wolde nou^t ; wolde no)t e. )>er hannes] fram ]>eiis /3 ; 
fro Jjennys e. passi] passe j8e. nones kunnes] uo manuys /8 ; 
no kynnes e. verde] fere /8 ; worde e. 

3. 'Vor] For /Se. comencede] had bigonne /3 ; commensed e. one 
bataile] a bateille e. 

4. Foleliche] Foliliche ; That folylyche €. ]>at neywhat] >at nere- 
hande /3 ; for ny^hand e. san faile] san) faile j8 ; saunj faile y ; 
sainfaille e. 

5. sende] sent ;8e. ham] him j3 ; hem e. 

6. Ac] But ySe. nolde] nold e. ar] or /3e. hadde] had e. 
)>e] a j8. ysome] harde some 3 ; y herd al or som e. 

7. §' J?o] And when /8 ; Tho 6. hadde ihurd masse] had his masse 
y herd e. ihurd] harde /3. bigan] byganne e. 

8. co??i] come jSe. A»k gan'] him faire gan /8 ; gan to him e. 

9. ouercom] ouercome ;3e. ./ow] foen e. 

10. s/om] slowe )3e. ^] fyue )3e. ?iere hi no] were j^ei neuer ySe. 
s<a?c] prowde ^ starke e. 

BB. 1- ^o"] Nowe /Se. schortliche] sctortly j3 ; shortly e. 27«<re}>] 

heri)) ;8 ; herej> al e. ich eu] I )ow ; I jou e. 

2. strange] strong e. /j^/"] life ;8 ; lyffe e. gode] good fie. 



828 THE CHRONICLE OF [AlM*. BB. 

pc fourc & twcnti tydcs • in day & in J>c ny^t 
Ase ze scholle here • he dy^te folwel & ri^t 
Mid Jneo grete kandlen • al of one mesure 5 

To berne eite tides • eche candle scholde dure 
pat on his owene chaple • barnde efne fol riit 
Nannnore ne no lasse • bote day & al ny^t 
pe while ]>at on ilaste • his bedes in alle wise 
He bad & w^'ot & radde • & huld godcs seruise 10 
pe time of ]?at o|?er • to wisdom he noni 
& o]>eve poruiance • of his owe kynedom 
pe time of ^e ]?ridde • he spende after ]?is 
In mete & in drinkc • & to reste him ywis 
He hadde o man on his chapele • |;at her of him 
seruede 1 5 

pat l^eos tidene couj^e wcl dele • }>at we furst anempnede 
& half to pouere abbei^es • he ^af after J?is 
His ritte biwonne purchas • of londes ywis 



3. tydes'] houres j8. tiai/] \>e clay ^€. 

4. Ase"] As )3€. scholle'] schuUe ;8 ; schul e. fl.'/^tc} ordcyned 
j8 ; dyU e. fuhcel] ful wel ^( 

5. (/rete kandlen] gret candcles j8 ; candelsgret y ; grct candels e. 

6. beme] breune jSe. cite] ei)t e. tides] houres P. candle 
scholde] candel schuld f. 

7. oji] in ;8 ; one e. oivene] owcii /3 ; owne «. harnde] brent fi ; 
brende e. efne] euen )8e. fol] ful ^e. 

8. Nammore] No more )3e. lasse] lesse €. bote] but j3 ; but bo)> e. 
al] ova. €. 

9. on ilaste] one last j8 ; one lastet> «. «//e] al ^e. 

10. had'] preyed j8 ; seid e. ?wo<] wort o ; wrote j8 ; wrou^t e. 
radde] redde 7. A»<W] helde /3e. 

11. pel In the ^. ha^ oJ)er] )>at o)>ere ^ ; |>e secuude 6. wisdovij 
wisdome /8e mo»«] noma ^e. 

12. ol>ere] for e. poruiance] purueyaunce ^ ; purueaunce e. owe] 
owen j8 ; owne e. kynedom] kyngdome iSe. 

13. \>e \>ridde] /3 ; J>ridde a ; Jjc l^irdde e. spende] spent ;8e. 

14. m drinke] drinke 7. res<e] rest e. 

1.5. 0] a jSe. on his chapele] in his Chapel /8e. Ae;-] here /Se. 

seruede] serued f. 

16. J'ctis] })ise jSe. lidcne] houres /3 ; tydes e. cou\>e wel dele] 
wel couthe dele 7. cou\)e] cowde e. anempnede'] nemmyd e. 

17. pouere] pore ^. abheiys] Abbeys j8. yaf] jaue 3e. 

18. His] Of his €. riyle] ryjt /3e. purchas] purchasse e. 



Apr CO.] robert of Gloucester. 829 

& his rentes to delde • efne atwo riit 

& l^at del a freo • sone he hadde ydi^t 20 

pe furste to his seruans • to his workmen al so 

pat ojjer & ]?e ]?ridde • poiiere vncou]?e ^af ]>o 

pat o]jer del afoure • to pouere men of j^is londe 

pe furste he taf to pouere hous • |?at opev ich vnder- 

stonde 
pe }>ridde he taf to pouere clerkes • & \>e fur|;e after 

)7is 25 

He ^af to pouere chirches • bi^onde ]>e see ywis 
pus spende his time • alfred ich vnderstonde 
«fe his o]>eve godes • ]>e while he was king in londe 
pat was eite & twenti ter • & on half j^er to 
& was ded &; iburiied • at Avinchestre |>o 30 

CC (page 395, line 5427). 
After this the following lines are added in a.^yf : — 
One wise soster he hadde • alfled hure name was 
poru hure wi^t he spedde • ^e bet in eche cas 



19. to delde] to deleu 8 ; he deled «. «/"«e] euen /3e. 

20. Sf] om. e. o] one fie. a Jreo] a \>re fie. j/diyl] dy;t 0. 

21. furste'] furst /8 ; first e. serua7is] seriiauiites ; seriumttes e. 
workmen] ■werkemen j8 ; werkmen e. 

22. o)f>er] oJ>ere 3. \>ridde] )>irdde e. pouere] to pore men e. 
yaf] yaue jS ; he ^aue e. 

23. del] dele fie. pouere] pore e. 

24. furste] furst $ ; first e. }cf] ^aue e. pouere /was] pore houses e. 
o)f)er] oJ>ere fi. 

25. \>ridde] )?irdde e. yj] >aue 8f. pouere] pore e. fur\>e] 
fir)>e )8 ; fourthe 7e. 

26. )«/] )iiue fie. to] to the 7. pouere] pore e. biyonde] 
fi ; b jonde a ; by ^onde e. 

27. spe?*rfe] he spended fi; spended he e. 

28. his] al his e. o]?ere] o)>er 8e. /owr/e] Hs londe e. 

29. e/ie] ei)t e. 071] an /Se. 

30. Sf] He e. f/erf] dede fi ; deed e. iOurhycd] buried j3 ; beryed e. 
at] atte j8. 

CC. 1- One] A e. soster] suster )3e. hadde] had e. /iwre] hur e. 

2. por«] pur) fi ; Thoruj e. Amz-c] hur e. wiyt] wit )8 ; wytte e. 

I)et] better fie, cas] place 7. 



830 TEE CHRONICLE OF [ApP. DD. EE- 

DD (page 400, line 5485). 
After this a^ye insert the following : — 
And ]?re doutren ]7at were • in gode religion 
Elfled & seinte eldrith • «fe seint edbiirg J?at on 



EE (page 408, line 5581). 

After this the following lines are added in a^ye : — 

His los bi pulke dai^e • so wide aboute me broiite 

pat nas in none londc • his per ase men ];outc 

One soster j^at het hilde • he hadde ich vnder- 

stonde 
So fair wimman ase heo was • me nuste in none londe 
pe king huwe of firance • ihurde telle so 5 

pan erl alain of boloyne • hider he sende ]?o 
pe vrles sone baldewine • of flandres he was 
& ]>e kinges neueu aJfred • ))at was wys in mani cas 
And J>ane king adelston • hi greten fair ynou 
&; his soster bad to wiue • to hm^e his hurte di'ou 10 



DD. 1. doutren'] dou^tren )8 ; dou^tters e. gode'] hous of good $ ; 

house of f. 
2. sei7ite] seynt fie. edburg] Edbrug 7 ; Edburge e, o?(] one jSe. 

EE. 1. )?idke daiye] )?ilke day /3 ; ))at day e. me broute] men brou^t fie. 

2. pat nas] J^at J^er was fi ; Ther was e. no7ie] no ;8e. londe] loud e. 
per] pere fie. ase] as fie. \>oute] t>ou^t fie. 

3. One] A e. soster] suster fie. het] hi)t fi ; h)te e. haddel 
had e. 

4. fair wimman] falre wommau fi ; fayre a woman e. ase] as fie. 
me nuste] men wist fie. none] no ye. 

5. pe king huwe] Hu^e kyng e. huwe] Hewe fi. ihurde] yharde fi ; 
herde e. so] of hur )>o e. 

6. pan'] That fi ; The e. erl alain] Erie Aleyue fi ; Erie Aleyn e. 
boloyne] Bolayne fi ; Bulleyn e. sende] sent fie. 

7. vrles] Erles fie. baldewine] Baldewyn e. 

8. wys] wise fi ; wyse man e. maiii] many a e. 

9. ]>ane] \>M fie. hi greten] )pe\ gret fi ; \>e\ grette e. 

10. his soster bad] his suster askyd fi ; asked his suster e. tviue] 
wyfe fi ; wyffe e. hurte] hert fi ; herte e (in mai'gin). 



ApP. EE.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 881 

& faire riche ^iftes • to present he sende also 

So )7at ]?is wimman • his bade he scholde do 

Verst ]7reo hundred steden • so white so ])& swan 

&; mid preciouse stones • hare bridles bigan 

pat on constatines swerd . amperour ];at was 15 

pe pomel was of golde • no betere neuere nas 

&; ]>er inne o nail iclosed • holi on eeh cas 

Whar mide in j^e rode • ihc ynailed was 

He presentede him ek • mid charlemaines spere 

pat to ^enste ]>e saracins • he was ywoned to here 20 

^ut was ]7er on ]?at seide • hit was ]>e spere l^at hurte 

The in ]?e rode • )?at was ypult to his herte 

& o partite of ]?e croiz • richeliche wi)? al 

pat ihc was on ido • yclosed on cristal 

& one partite of ]>e Jjornes • he sende him after ];is 25 

pat ifec was mid icrouned • in j^e croiz ywis 



11. se7ide^ sent ^ e. 

] 2. wiiiunan'] womman ;8 ; woman e. becle] biddinge ; byddyng e. 

hel sche )3e. scholde'] schuld e. 

13. Verst] Vrest a; Furst /8 ; ffirst e. steden] stedes ySe. so] 
as )8. so] as iSe. 

14. bridles] brideles $ ; brydels e. bigan] by gon e. 

15. pat] And B. 07i] one fi; one of f. constatijies] constantynes /3e. 
swerd] swerde ; swerdes e. amperour] Emperour ;8 ; Emperoure e. 

16. betere neuere] better neuer ^Se. 

17. o] a e. nail iclosed] naile closed /8. on] in e. ech] 
eche jSe. 

18. Whar mide] Whare with ^; Where wi)> e. in] on e. ynailed] 
nailed (8. 

19. ek] also /8e. charlemaines] Charlemayns /8e. 

20. <o ^ens<e] a^enst ^e. saracins] Sarijyns /3 ; Sarasonnes e. 
ywoned] wont )8 ; wonte e. 

21. mi] one fie. 

22. m] on e. ypv.lt] put /8 ; yput e. 

23. o] one 7 ; a ^e. partiy] party ySe. cro<>] crosse ySe. ric/^e- 
/tcAe] rychely e. 

24. ido] do y3. yclosed] closed /3. o?jJ in y8e. 

25. owe] a e. partite] partye ^ ; part e. se«(/e] sent /3e. him] 
to him e. 

26. pat . . . mid] Where vni> Ifec was e. mid icroimed] with croun- 
ede /3. m] on ^e. croi>] crosse j8e. 



8:32 THE CHRONICLE OF [App. FF. GG. 

& one kinges croune • of gold wel ywrout 

Mid preciouse stones • him was eke ybrout 

& seint Morices baner • ^ut he sende him j^ar 

pat to fore legion • whanne he wende hit bar 30 

A];elston mid j^is presens • gret ioi^e made ]>o 

& sende him his soster • )7at he hadde desired so 

& o)?ere riche presens • for]? in to france 

po was loue istabled • mid gode alyance 

FF (page 408, line 5582). 

Instead of lines 5583-5, a^ye have the following: — 

At his ende day he was • ibured & ]>er ^ut is 
Viftene ter he was king • er j^e de]> him nom 
& bi his lyue wel he helt • to ri^te his kinedom 

GG (page 410, lines 5606-7). 
For these two lines a/Sye have the following : — 
So |?at six 2er &, on half • edmund hadde ibeo king 
Pitouseliche he was aslawe • wij? o gadeling 



27. owe] a e. gold'] golde /S. ywrout'] wrou^t j8 ; y^vrought y. 

28. him] to hira e. eke] also /3e. ybrout] brou^t /3 ; ywrou^t e. 

29. Morices] Morj'ses e. yUt] )it )3e. sende] sent j8e. him \>ar] 
to him >are & ; to him J^ere e. 

30. leyion] the legioun y. ivhamte] whan /Be. ioe7ide] went j8e 
bar] bare /Be. 

31. Ai>elston^ Adelston $(. ]pis] )?ise ySe. presens] presenter fi ; 
presentes e. made] he made e. 

32. seiide] sent fie. him] to him e. soster] suster )3e. 

33. o\>ere] oj^er fie. presens] presenter fi ; presentes e. foflp] 
wib his suster forjje e. 

34. po] Than fi. istabled] stablede fi. mid yode] with good fie. 
FF. 1- ibured] buried J>ere fi ; j^berj'ed \>er e. \>er xut] y.t l^ere fi ; )it 

J>er €. 

2. )cr] ^eer fie. er] or fie. >e] om e. 

3. /^?<e] lyffe e. wel he helt] wel he helde fi ; he kept wel e. to 
ri-^te] to ry^t fi ; in ryjt e. kinedom] kyngdome fie. 

QQ^ 1. six] sixe /Se. ow half] an halfe j8 ; an half e. ibeo] be fie. 

2. Pitouseliche] Pitouliche ;8 ; Piteuousliche y ; Pyteously e. aslawe"] 
slayn /3 ; yslayn e. o] one fals fi; one €. 



ApP. HH.— II,] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 833 

HH (page 413, line 5G58). 

After this cz^ye insert the following : — 

To Winchestre me ladde • eldred oure kino- 
& in ]?e chirche him burede • at his endinge 



II (page 425, line 5811). 
After this a^ye insert the following: — 

& folle viftene lev • after his crouninge 
& ibured at glastinoburi • edo-ar oure kino-e 
pane god king edgar • ne ]jorte noman blame 
Bote of ]?reo gultes • he hadde lu]?er fame 
He agulte ];e vrl ej^elwolf • & on o]?er je due ]>at 
was 5 

Of andeuere • «Sz; }>e }>ridde • ]?at he nom out bi cas 
nonne of hiu^e abbeite • for hure fairenesse 
pis were his gultes • j^e more & ]>e lasse 
Ac bi his gode wille • he amendede wel fawe 
Bi conseil of seint dounston • bi his lyf dawe 10 



HH. 1- me'] men Pe. eldred'] eldrede ye. 

2, burede] buried $ ; beryed e. 
n. I. folle] fulleySe. 

2. Sj' ibured at] And buryed atte /8 ; I beryed he was at e. (jlastmyburi'] 
Glastynbury /8 ; Glastenbury e. edgar] good Edgar e. 

3. pa7ie] Thanne /3 ; The e. ?ie i'Orte] ne J>oujt jS ; he >ou^t e. blame] 
to blame y ; harme e. 

4. Bote ] But him self for e. gultes] gyltes 3 ; gylttes e. haddc] 
had a e. 

5. He agulte] He agilte )3 ; That one for he trespassed to e. vj-l] Erie 
/3e. &f on o\>er] & one'ohere /3 ; a noj^er to e. due \>at] duke 
of Andeuere it e. 

6. Of andeuere] om. e. nom] toke /Se. 

7. O] A /8e. o/] out of e, hure abbeiye] here Abbey /3 ; bur 
Abbey e. hure fairenesse] hur fayrenys e. 

8. pis] Thise /Se. gultes] gj'ltes j8 ; trespasses e. }>e w(ore ^- )>e 
/asse] bo^ more and lesse e. lasse] lesse )3. 

9 . Ac] But /3e. 6i Azs . . . fawe] he fulle amendes made by his OTvne 
good -wylle e. amendede wel fawe] amended ful fa3'n al J>is P. 

10. Bi] And by e. lyf dawe] lijf day I wis /3 ; lyff day ful stylle e. 

3 G 



834 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. II. 

pat god him scliewede after • |?at he ibured was 

Seuenti ^er & seuene • ]}0 fel o such cas 

On abbot j^at het edward • of glastingburi ri^t 

Fram his fui'st tumbe • buri^e him he hadde yti^t 

His tumbe was yopened • ase muche folc him say 15 

Al hoi on fieschs And blode • as he was ])e furste day 

pat he was furst ibured • me him nom vp ])o anon 

& to on oJ>er stude broute • to legge in o ston 

Ac ne myte he nout J^er inne • j?e ston was so schoi-t 

po made \>e abbot smite • j^e limes schart fort " 20 

pat bodi gan to blede • j^at muche folc hit say 

Ase of o man ]mt were alyue • ]>ulke sulue day 

pe abbot ]?at hit made • anon awedde |?o 

& on his rage fel abac • & brae his necke ato 

po was ]?at bodi wel faire • ileyd on a here 25 

O blind man & o wod • |?o botnede ]7ere 



11. pat'] So >at 6. him schewede"] schewede him y3; shewed for him 
e. a/Yer] aftirwarde /8 ; afterward e. ibured'] buryed )3 ; y 
beryed e. 

12. \>ofel] >an felle /8 ; }>o }>er felle e. o such] suche a /8e. 

13. On] One/8; An e. het] hi^t/S; hyte e. glast'uujburi] Glas- 
tenbury e. ^*^0 ^^^ right 7. 

14. Fram] Erom e. buriye] bury j8; to berye e. ytiyt] y 
dy>t 6. 

15. yopened] opeuede )8. ase] and e, him say] him se my^t j3; 
him sey 6, 

16. hoi] in hole 7; hool f. onfleschs] inflesche j8 ; fleshe e. day] 
day in sy^t i8. 

17. Vat] When e. ibured] buryed fi ; y beryed e. me] men i3e. 
nom] toke /Se. ]>o] om. /Se. 

18. o?« oj'er] ano)>er iSe. stude broute] stede him brou^t )8 ; stedde 
him broujt e. t^gge] lay him /3 ; lyen e. o] a ^e. 

19. Ac ne myte he] But })an my^t he j8 ; But he my^t e. 

20. po] Thanne )8. schart fort] more schorte j8. 

21. pa< 6o(/t gan] Than bigan ]>at(the 7) bodi to blede ^y. hit say] 
se my^t )8. 

22. o] a /3. J>?</^e sa/we day] >ilke day to sy%t /3. 

23. awedde] he wente jS. 

24. /e/] felle j8. abac] abake )8. irac] brake /8. 

25. po] Thanne /3. wel] ry^t /3. !%rf] layde fi. 

26. i^orf] wode man 7. ]>o] >at i3 ; thanne 7. botnede] botoned 
was )3 ; botened was 7. 



ApP. KK. — NN.] EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 835 



KK (page 429, line 5879). 
After this line a^y have the following: — 
pe eitetej^e day of lude • ido was al )?is 
Ni^e hundred ^er of grace • and eyteti ywis 
Seint edward king & martir • noii ycleped he is 
In bok of holi chirche • & no lesino-e hit nis 



LL (page 481, line 6633). 
Two lines added in BCaSyS: — 
To holde ]?ys teftes stable • amansy he let al so 
Alle |?at aboute were • her teftes euere vndo • 



MM (page 486, line 6719). 
Two lines added in B : — 

Vor as le ssoUe her after hure • he deyde in pyne 

ynou • 
An ssrewede |^at he dude • lute he bylou • 



NN (page 498, line 6899). 

Two lines added in BC : — 
pys fourme was ygranted \o • & certeyn day al so • 
At Seyn Swythynes at Wynchestre • wanne yt ssolde 

be ydo • 



KK. 1. eitete\>e] ey^tel^e /3. hide} Lyde )8. 

2. Ni-^e] Nyne /8. eyteW] ei^tty B ; the eyghty y. 

3. ycleped'] callid fi. 

4. bok'] boke j8. hit ids] it is y. 

LL. 1. holde] holpe a. \>js] J>is C ; disa; Hse )8 ; Jses 5. amansy] & 

manli C ; a manse S ; and namely /3. let] hiU ^ ; lete 5. 

2. her] hore C ; hare o ; here /8. euere] to &. 

NN. 2. Seyn] seynt C. wanne yt ssolde] whanue hit scholde C. 

3g 2 



836 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. 00.— RR. 



00 (imge 525, line 72G7). 

After this a^y insert the following: — 
Seint edward king k> confessour • ich wot icleped he 

is 
In bok of holi chirche • & no lesino-e hit nis 



PP (page 585, line 741G). 
After this line af5y insert : — 
After ward hi tolden tales • mid wel pronto motinge 

And after line 7417 they add: — 
& ne j?oute noiit a morewe • hi scholde mid armes 
swinke 



QQ (page 577, line 8051). 
After this line a^y add : — 
Whar ]>oru he was afterward • sone ibrout to schonde 



RR (page 586, line 8184). 

Lines 8185-7 are omitted in a/3y, and the following' 
line inserted : — 

pat were gode men • f^at saracins so agaste 



00. !• ich tcot] I wote fiy. icicpcd] callid he fiy. 

Pp. 1. hi tolden] \>(i\ gonne telle ^y. mid wel proute] with ry^t proude ^y. 

2. ne \>oute nout'] )>ou^then j3 ; thoughten y. a morewe'] a morwe Q ; 

on morowe y. hi scholde] j^ei schulde j8y. mid] ■with ^y. 

QQ Whar \>oru] Where Jjorw) ^3. ibrout] brouU y3. 

IIR. t"^^ saracins] hat so I'e Saretyns /3 ; so that the Sare^ins y. so] 

coude fiy. 



Apr SS. — UU.] robeut of Gloucester. 837 



SS (page 592, line 8274). 

After this C^i/SyS insert the following: — 
Hi by gonne fle ]?at my^te al busy by leue on 
po ]?e cristene hadde |?e maistriye jjere was ioye 

ynou 
A^en toward antioche w' gret ioye ];at folc drou 
&D many an heiied to antioche broute of horc fon 



TT (page 602, line 8432). 
Before this Ca/3yS insert the following: — 
po bileuede J^e cristenemen in J?ulke contrei ]>ere 
Fort al halwene dai as men ]?at maistres were 



UU (p. 608, Hne 8519). 
After this line the following are inserted in s : — 

Suche fortune as he to fore had • In no place )7er he 

come 
Therfore grete pite was • ];at his fortune was him 

bynome 



SS. 1- ^' h gonne} hi gonne a ; Thei ganne to Py ; They bygonne to S. /e] 
om. o ; fle al Py. myyte] nyjt /8 ; myght 75. al busy by leue 

oil] t>at ]?er bilefde albusi ou a ; J>at >er bileued al busy one ^y ; J>er 
bylefte albesy one 5. 

2. po] When fiy. cristene'] cristeu J87S. hadde] had 5. 

3. w' gret ioye i>atfolc] w' grete Ioye J^e folk 5 ; hare good ost t>o o ; here 
good ost \>ei fiy. 

4. an keued] an hede S ; hefd a ; heedes j3 ; hedcs 7. brou/e] brouit 
PyS. kore] hare a ; here By ; hor 5. 

TT. 1- po] Thanne ^7. bileuede] bilefde a ; byleued 5. cristincmcn] 

Cristen men ^75. ]>ulke] \>\\kQ By; thilk 5. ccmtrei] contreije a; 

countrey By ; contreye S. 
2. Fort] Vor to a ; Vnto By ; Foito 5. al halwene] alle halewene a ; 

al halwe By ; al halowen 5. dai] daie By ; dave 5. 



838 THE CHRONICLE OF [ApP. W. — XX. 



VV (page 723, line 10,777). 
After this C inserts the following lines: — 
Sire gileberd hadde brej^ercn an sixe i'' vnde[r]stonde 
Myd ];e beste kny^tes j^at were of J^is londe 
& ])& longest of alle was sire phelip basset 
Alle hi hulde myd hore bro]?er & hym spedde ]^e bet 
pis brej^eren cche after oj^er ]>e eritage hadde 
& sire phelip basset last for o]?er eir hi nadde 



WW (page 729, lines 10,907-10,909). 
Instead of these lines C has the following : — 
Of grace & sire auncel his bro];er anon 
pe eritage after hym afeng as wolde falle 
So }?at fyue bre)?eren erles were alle 
Tueie willames & richard & gilberd atten ende 
Aunsel & god non of hom nolde of hym eir sende 



XX. Note to page 653. 

After line 9137, from the beginning of Stephen's reign 
to the end of the poem, the MSS. a^y^e have an entirely 
different text, which is here given from « : — 

po com stephene ]?e bleys • mid strengJ7e & quointise 
& seide he wolde be king • in alle kunnes wyse 
per hit J>oute he brae his op • f'at he hadde er Ido 
To J^e amperesse & hure sone • J>at turnde ofte to wo 



XX. 1. po coni] Thanne come /3. bleys'] Bloys e. inid'] with Pe. ^] 

& wi}> e. 

2. Sf seidel He seid e. alle kunnes] al kjomes /3. 

3. hit \>oute'\ hit semed /3 ; me J'ou^te 5 ; he Jjoujt e. he brae] he brake 
/3 ; to breke e. 

4. amperesse] Emperesse /3 (& passim). o/Ve] efte e. to] in 
to 5. 



ApP. XX.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 839 

Willam J7e erchebisschop • of canturburi )?at was 5 

Crounede him to kinge • & was for swore alas 

For he was J^e furste man • J^at o];es hadde ido 

To ]>e amperesse & hure sone • &5 was for swore so 

& ]>e bisschop of salusburi • ]7at roger ihote was 

pe ferste op swor after • & brae in lu];er cas 10 

& mid stephene ]>e bleys • huld mid al his myte 

perfore at J?e laste ywis • god his mede di^te 

pat )7oru stephene ]?e bleis • |?at he to kinge wroute 

He was ynome &; ischend • daj^ayt ))at route 

& alle p&t so swore • «fo brake at J'an ende 15 

Bisschopes & oj^ere eke • ]?at gonne hare oj? schende 

As in falsnesse gret • & to stephene homage dude 

He made ham his sogets • & schende ham in ]>& 

stude 
Enleuej^e hundred of grace • & sixe & j^rittej^e ^er 
Icrouned he was at londone • &5 huld his feste 

]>er 20 

6. <o] om. e. Sc wets'] \>at was e. for swore'] forsworn p. 

7. man] man of al Hs lond e. oi>es hadde ido] was I swooreJ>o e. 
ido] do )3. 

8. Sf was] & also he was J^e first j^at was e. for swore] for- 
sworn fi. 

9 l>at] om, 5. iJiote] callid ;3 ; cleped e. 

10. swor] swore )3 ; he swore e. brae] brake it fie. /m] for a e. 

11. §■] For €. bleys] Bloys e. huld] helde P ; he helde e. 7nid 
al his] with al here fi; w' his 5 ; wi> al his e. 

13. pat ]>oru] And }>oru S ; For e. |)e] de 75. bleis] Bloys e. 
J>ai . . . wroute] to be kyng he wrou^t e. Ae J hui 5. 

14. ^e] Therfor he e. ynome] take j8. ischend] schent /3 ; I shente e. 
da\>ayt \>at route] and )>er of no man rowjt ^ ; da)>eyt )>&t J>oujte 5. 
da\>ayt] day })at a. 

15. sifore] were iswore 5; falsely sweren e. brake] falsly hit brake 
yS ; breke 5 ; brekej> hit e. \>a7i] J?e jSe. 

16. eke] also /Se. ^owne] conne S; do> e. Acrrc o]> schende] her 
oolje shenden e. 

17. ^s in falsnesse yret] In so gret falsenys e. dude] dede y8 ; 
duden e. 

18. schende ham] schent hem |8; schende 5 ; shende heme. sludc] 
stede 0. 

19. Enleue);>e] Elleuen |8e ; EUene e. ]>ritte]>e] Kitti /3. 

20. Icrouned] Crowned /3. huld] helde j8. 



840 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

pis was in ]'c ^ere • a seinte stephcnes day 

pe tut hcnri king vnbured . in normandi^e lay 

At reyns as he was ibrout • & gan foule smillc 

O man for mede him openede • & gan ]>o to 

culle 
His heued mid o pol hax • ];at al hit to schroj^ 25 
& so nom out J^at brayn • for )7e smul J?at was 

lo]? 
So ]7at brayn & Ineward • & his ey^ene also 
AVere iburede ifere ];cre • mid fol gret wo 
Vor he j^at al wroute • sone ded he lay 
"Wcl dure he aboute » his mode ])at day 80 

^ute his hefd was ywonde • mid clo)? fastc ynou 
pis man was ]>q laste • pat henri king slou 
pe kinges bodi se]?]?c • me bar for]? ];e wey 
To cham in to chirche • ]>er his fader lay 



21. yrc'] yeer \>at tyme ;8e. a] apoun /3e. 

22. pe] And P ; That e. yif] y\t fit. henri'] harry e. himj'] ]>e 
kynge /3 ; oure kyng e. tv(/;Mre(^] vnburicd ^8 ; vnberycd e. in 
normandiye'] at Northumber j8 ; iu Nor})humber e. 

23. reyns'] Eej'vns e. as] whyder e. ibrout] hroujt /35. gan 
foule] \>er foule he byganue e. smillc] smulle 5 ; to smelle /3e. 

24. O] And a e. gati \>o to culle] bigan for to do ille fi (^oriyinalhj 
to kille) ; he gan him for to kylle e. 

25. heued] heed ;8. mid opol hax] with a polax /3. J>af . . . schroi>] 
a noon in two peces shore e. al hit] hit al yS. 

26. nom] toke jS ; he uome e. i>at] ))e /35e. smiil] smelle P. 
lo]>] so Ioo> e. . 

27. brayn Sf Ineward] \>o brayne & J'C iuwardc e. 

28. iburede] ibured S ; buried j8 ; I beryed e. i/erc i>ere] J?er to 
gidre j6 ; her to geder e. fol] ful /3. 

29. Vor . . . wroute] For al j^at he had wrou^t I sey e. 

30. Wei dure] Eijt dere j8 ; And dere l^ere e. aboute] bought y. 
7iiedc] mysdedes e. 

31. lute] And ^it e. hefd] heued S; heed fi. yiconde] ^YOuude )3 ; 
I bounde e. mid] with p. c/oJj] a cIoJ>e /3. 

32. henri] Harry e. hinf/] )?e kynge jSe. 

33. pe kimjes . . . ivey] SiJ>en men his body bare for>e in her vrey e. 
sejjjje] sithen )3. me bar] men bare jSS. 

34. cham] Cam |8 ; ham S ; Caan e. in to] in to i>e ^5e. ]>er] 
where e. 



Apr XX.] Robert of Gloucester. 841 

^ut hit was wel isult • k> in mani lej7er ido 35 

O blac humour & ferlich • ]7oru pe lej^er cam ])0 

pat was in o wessel • vnder ]>e here ihent 

& icast awey for stenche • ]>at folc nere al ischent 

Lo ])& noble kinges bodi • |?at so fair was & freo 

pus was to fouled per • l^at muche folc myte iseo 40 

per afterward his bones • to engelond wer ibrout 

To ]?e abbeite of redinge • ]?at he hadde him suluc 

ywrout 
peoderward king stephene • mid hei^e men he drou 
& burede j^er his vncle • mid honour ynou 
& ]>o |?at bodi was ibured • as god taf ]?at cas 45 

Wij^inne twelf dawes • of midewinter hit was 
pe king wende to oxeneford • to confermi mid 

honde 
pat he bihet on his crouning • god holi chirche & ]7e 

londe 



35. ^uf] ^it /35e. hif] he e. isult] salt /8 ; I salted e. /ejjcr] 
luKres fi ; lej^crs e. ido'] do ;85e. 

36. O . . . ferlich] A wonder blacke humoure e. le];>cr] lutliere y. 
cam] com fie. 

37. pat] Whiche e. o wessel] a vessel i85e. ihent] hent j8. 

38. icast] cast P. folc] l>e folke f. nere al] ue were alle j8 ; 
Jierw' were nojt e. ischent] schent /3. 

39. Lo] So /86. 

40. was] he was e. to fouled] defouled /3e. )>ai . . . iseo] & 
moche folke hit se e. iseo] se )3. 

41. per afterward] Ther aftir j8; Here after e. bo/ies] bones ajcu /3e. 
ibrout] brou^t /3. 

42. i>at] whiche e. sm/mc] selfe 0e. ywrout] wroujt j8. 

43. mid] with )3e. 7«en] men of J>is londe e. he] \)0 5. 

44. burede] buried ;3. mid] with Pe, honour] honour and 
pride fie. 

45. Sj-] om. 5. J>o] when j8. ibured] buried /3 ; beryed e. 
(/Of/] om. S. 

46. twelf] twelue /8 ; l>e twef 5 ; J-e twelue e. dawes] daies ;8. o/'] 
om. 5. midewinter] Crystmasse e. 

47. zi'cwffe] wente /8 ; went J>o e. coifermi] coufermc /8; swerie e. 
?;(/d] with /3. honde] his honde e. 

48. i?Ae< o?i] bihi^t in fi ; bj bested in e. yod] to god j8e. holl] 
to holy e. ^ ]>e] & to t'e ^. 



842 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

pat he nolde at holde • bissopriche on his honclo 
pey eny bisschop were ded • of al J'issc londe 50 

«fe clerkes wode ne lewede • pat he nolde at holde 
Vor hunting ne for hewing • ne ]>ey he out soldo 
& |?at he nolde fonge • as oJ>ere hadde ido 
Tweito schillinges of echo hyde • he swor neucre mo 
pis biheste & oj'ere • he bihet god & man 55 

Afterward of alle • ne held he neuer on 
pe furst lev of his crouning • at oxeneford he was 
In ]>e ending of Midewinter • him com word bicas 
pat J?e king of scotlond • al mid grete gilinge 
Seide he wolde come in pes • & gistny mid J^e 
kinge 60 

pe nywe castel & cardoil • mid ]>Sit gile he hadde ynome 
pe king seide he scholde sone • mid strengj^e aten come 
& wende sono ]>eoderward • mid swij^e grete route 
King dauid of scotlond • sumdel was in doute 



49. noZrfe] ne wolde /3 ; wokle nojt e, at holde'] withholde iS ; wiJ>holde 

no f. «m] in )3. 

.50. pe?/] Thou) /3. of] here in /3e. al] alle S. i>isse] >is P. 

51. wode] goodes )3 ; good y; wodes e. ne letvede] ne lewedS; no])er 
lewede fi ; nei^er lewde menDj^s e. i>at he nolde] he wolde nojt e. 
at holde] withholde )3e. 

52. ne] noJ>er /3. ne \>ey] no ^it J>ouj ; ne ^it Jjou) e. he out] 
}>ei )3 ; \>ei hit e. 

53. he] om. 5. nolde fonge] wolde nou^t take ;3 ; wold nojt fonge €. 
o)>ere] ojjer ofte )8 ; oJ>er by fore him 6. hadde ido] hadde do /3 ; 
had do e. 

54. Tweiye] But tweye e. 7ieuere] no ^ing e. 

55. biheste] heste e. oj^ere] oj^er mo P ; o>er more e. hihet] bihi^t 
/3 ; byhested e. god] to god j85e. ma7i] mon 5. 

56. alle] alle J^ise /3. ne held he] he helde /8e. o?j] an /8. 

58. Midewinter] Cristemasse «. him com] him cam $ ; to him come e. 
ivord] tij>ing S. 

59. mid] with j3 (& passim). 

60. gistny] gesten ;8 ; soiourne e. 

61. cy] of /3. gile] gille S ; sleij)>e fi. ynome] nonic fi. 

62. scholde] ssolde 5 ; schulde /3. 

63. wenfe sone \>eoderward] wente Hderward soone /3 ; sone he went ))ider- 
ward e. swi\>e grete'] ry^t gret fi. 

64. Xin^r dauid] Dauid kyug e. in doute] agast & in doute e. 



ApP. XX,] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 843 

& biside duraui him mette • & |?e castel opield 65 

Ac bi graunt of J>e kinge • cardoil to him atheld 
■^ut nas nout king dauid • ymad king stephenes 

man 
For furst of alle lewede • ]?e amperesse swerie began 
pat was his owe nece • & made him o]? swere 
To meinteini engelond • to hure & treuj'e bere 70 

After king henries daite • to ^enst hure fon 
Ac henri dauid kinges sone • bicom stephenes mon 
King stephne him ^af o boru • huntindone ]?at is 
& wende a^en in leinte • to londoneward ywis 
& hukl J?er his feste • at ester al in blis 75 

& sone J?er after • 'po he hadde yended f'is 
pat oj^er ^er of his crouning • god taf ]7at cas 
In ]7e midewintere • at dunstaple he was 



65. Sj''] om. e. duram'] Durham )8e ; derham 5. him'] ])ei /8. 
ojajeW] vp ^elde )8 ; vp he jelde e. 

66. Ac] But j8 ; And y. cardoW] at Cardoyle e. to hhii] he 
him j8e. atheld] at helde /3 ; held 5 ; helde e. 

67. yut nas] ^it was fi. ymad] om. |8e. king] kynges )8. 
man] mon S, 

68. furst] om. e. lewede] J^e lewede S ; lewde men e, \)e] to 
J^e 6. amperesse] Emperesse ySe. swerie began] swere gan P ; 
first swere he gan e ; him nom S. 

69. owe] owen $. made . . . swore] sche made him his oo)' to 
swere e. 

70. meinteini] mayntene ^. to hure . . . bere] & his trewj^e to hur 
here e. 

71. henries] harryes e, daiye] de>e 5. to ^enst] to jenste 5; 
to wi)? stonden j8 ; to wi)>stonde ey. 

72. Ac] But ^e, henri] om. e. dauid kinges] kynge Dauyd /8 ; 
kyng Dauid e. sone] om, e, stephenes] king Steph- 
nes 5, mon] man e ; mone y. 

73. him yaf] him pue ^ ; jane him e. o boru] a Boro wj j3 ; >e 
towne of e. huntindone] Huntyngdone j8. 

74. §• we?irfe] And went ;8 ; ForJ^e he went e. leinte] lente )8 ; 
lenten e. 

75. /t2<Zrf \>cr] helde jjer /8; her he helde e. a<] of e. 

76. Omitted in S. >er after] here after e. ]>o] when /3. yended] 
ended al )8 ; I ended al e. 

77. oKr] secunde e. god] as god 5. jo/J ^aue y8, 

78. dunstaple] Dunstable /8. Ae] as han he iS; as he e. 



844 THE CHRONICLE OF [Arp. XX- 

& ]70ute he woldo wende • to normandi^e blyue 

&L ]?e amperesse & ek ])e vrl • out of J'e londo dryuc 80 

Al ]7ei king henri haclde • to terme of hare lyue 

pane vrl ]>at lond igranted • mid ]?e amperesse his wyue 

& eke hare eir after • ]?at of ham com ywis 

Also he hadde igrantede • hare eir after j?is 

After his owe lif day^e • to habben on honde 85 

Al J'at his were ek • & beo king of engelondc 

Al for ]7at he nadde • him sulf eir non 

Bote ■ ]7e amperesse • hit was al wel idon 

In leinte ]?ar afterward • to normandi^e he wende 

Mid hey folc of j^is lond • as ]?e wind ham sende 90 

& castles & tonnes • nom in to al ]>e londe 

Saue ])veo J'at were tut • in ]'o amperesse honde 



79-88. Omitted in S. 

79. §• J'oj/^c] He }>ou^t 6. 

80. ^ Jjc] The j8. c/e] also )3 ; om. €. );>e hndc'] londe e. dryue'\ 
to dryue ^e. 

81. J>ei] J>0U5 iS, henri'] harry e. hadde'] bi his wille ySe. to'] 
))e 6. of] of al /8e. hare] here P ; her y. 

82. pane] To J^e /3. iyrunted] graunted /8 ; he grauntted e. 

83. eke] also )3. hare] here j8 ; hure 7 ; to her e. afier] after hem e. 

84. hadde] om. 6. igrantede] grauuted )9. /<«re] here /3 ; her 7 ; 
to her 6. 

85. After . . . honde] That J?e eyere by his owne lyffe day schuld haue 
al in honde e. After] Also j8. ojfc] oweu /3. Itabben'] 
haue al j3. 

86. ^/] Alle /8. ek] al so 8. 6eo] to be )8 ; also to be e. 

87. Alfor] Aljjou^ e. nadde] hadde noujt )3e. ?»o?i] none but 
he Emperesse f. 

88. 5o<e . . . idon] Hit was wel I do in encressyng & multiploj-ng of 
pees e. ido7i] donne j3. 

89. leinte] lente )35 ; l^e lent next after e. wende] wentc /8 ; 
went e. 

90. Ae?/] heiic ;S ; he hi^e e. ./"'<^] folke ;8. Aam sende] him 
sente |8 ; hem sent e. 

91. (5'] om. e. nom] toke ;8 ; he nome e. zm <o] in e. 

92. hoi were] were he 5. yd] yi fi. amperesse] Emperesses P ; 
Emperesse 76. After this line four lines are added in 5. 

& w' he king of frauce • god acord he nom * 
And he kinges mon of france • his sone eustas bicom • 
As of normandie • h' to he croune of france lay • 
He dude he king homage • ou h' ulke day • 



Apr XX.] robert of Gloucester. 845 

Ac ^ut )^is amperesse • & |^e vrl of angeo 

pat hure hadde yweded • hi ]?oute wourche wo 

Vor \>e kinedom of engelond • to ham was ek y- 

swore ^^ 

& stephene de bleys eke • ]?at hadde his o]> forlore 
Ac ham ]?oute J?at hi ne myte • ^ut winne hare 

londe 
Vor king stephenes pouer • J?at he hadde on honde 
poru king henryes store • ]?at ra]?er ded was 
Was mucheldel his pouer • j^er fore hi seide alas 100 
po come hi to loueday • ^if cristes wille were 
pat hi mite ben at on • in worre ]?at hi nere 
po com ]ns gode erl • ]?at was of angeo 
& ]7is amperesse his spouse • & gan to speke |>o 
& playnede }>at his spouse • was disherited so 105 

poru ]>e king & j^e barons • ]?at helde hure hadde ido 



93. Ac"] But P. xnq yi P. \>is] H e, vrQ erie &. of} 
om. y. 

94. hure hadde yweded] had I weddid hur e. 7/weded] wedded P, hi] 
hui 5 ; t>ei /3. \>oute] J^ou^t to P. wourche] worche 3- 

95. kinedom] kynge jSe. to ham was ek] to hem was also /3 ; was also 
to hem 6. ysworc] sworn 3. 

96. Sj- stephene de bleys eke] Whiche was Steuen J^e Bloys e. de] \>e $. 
eke] also j3. forlore] forlorn /3. 

97. Ac] But $. hit] om. S. hi ne vnjte] hui ne my^t uoujt 5 ; 
Jjei my^t /3. hare] here j3 ; hure 5. 

98. on] in e. 

99. Xioru] Was J^oru) helpe of e. henryes] harryes e. ra\>er ded] 
deedbyfore e. 

100. mucheldel] moche /8 ; muchedel 8 ; moche of e. \>er fore] wherfor e. 
hi] hui 5 ; Jjei ;8. alas] alas alas e. 

101-126. Omitted in 5. 

101. po] Thanne )3. loueday] a loueday e. 52/] If ^ ; & )if e. 

102. pat] I pray J^at e. 7nite] my^t /3. be7i] be pe. worre] 
wraj^e 0€ ncre] ne were e. 

103. po com] Than come /8. \>is gode erl] }>e Erie forJ>e $. of] 
lord of e. 

104. jj/s] his $; \>e e. spouse] wyff e. ga7i] he byganne €. 

105. 8f playnede] Playnyng him e. spouse] wjffe. was] vntrewly 
was 6. disherited] disherted fi. 

lOG. tV he] & bis ^f- AeWf] wronge ; moche wronge to e. ido] 

do^f. 



846 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

& hure sone henri • j^at ritt eir scholde beo 

& bad ]?e king stephne • }>at he scholde him biseo 

& lete ham normandite • vort j^at child ywoxe were 

& to him holde engelond • j^at hi in worre nere 110 

pe king swor he nolde • lete ham riii nout 

Vor ]jat hi hadde in honde • benime he hadfle y)>out 

Bote tif hi dude homage • & feiite j^er anon 

So |)at mid gret wraj^e • hi departede echon 

pis king grei|?ede his ost • mid swij^e gi'et won 115 

& )?is lefdi on hiire castel • bi lay faste anon 

Ac heo hadde ]?er inne • o swi]?e faire ywon 

"^e vif hundred of knytes • ichoson were euerichon 

Wi]70ute o]?er puple • J?at j^er inne gret was 

pat made king stephene • sone fiki pas 1 20 

& his ost to drefde • sone her & ]?er 

On hundred «& fourti • of knytes he les er 



107. Sf hure'] And to hur e. /iewrj] harry e. 

108. ^- bad . . . biseo] And ^it )?ei prayed >e kynge him for to be se $; 
To l>e kyng pei bydde his gret wronge to ouerse e. 

109. lete ham] lete hem haue j3 ; lette to hem e. vort] vn to fi ; for 
to €. J)a<] J>e 13. ytvoxe] woxe ;8. 

110. to hull holde] holde him to e. loorre] werre /3. nere] ne 
•were e. 

111. he nolde] Jjat he wold e. lete ham] lete ham haue j8 ; leue hem e. 

112. in] on ;8e. benime] by nymme hem )8. he hadde ij\>out] 
he jjoujt /3 ; hem hit J^ou^t e. 

113. dude] dede y3; dude him e. feute] ^it feche hit e. 

114. hi] }>erj)ei J3. 

115. pjs] The ^e. yrei\>ede] graced ;8. ost] oste faste f. v\id 
su}i\>e] with ry^t j8 ; ry^t wel e. 

116. \>is Icfdi] his ladi /3. on] in j3. bi lay] he byseged e. 

117. Ac heo] But sche /3. o swi\>e faire ywon] one companyeryjt 
faire won $ ; a company a swj>e fayre won e. 

118. ^e]^a/3; ^ee e. vif] ijue fi. of ] om. fie. ichoson] 
}>at chose fi ; J^at I chose e. euerichon] echon j8e. 

119. Wi>oM<e] With owten j8. oJ>er /)!<p/e] oJ>ere peple ;8. J)a<] 
for e. ^''<^<] gret won fie. 

120. sone fiki pas] swiftly & socne take (to take 7) good pas fiy; swiftly 
& soone to seke a not>er pas e. 

121. to drefde] al to droue fi ; J?ei al to spredde e. sone] ouer al fie. 

122. On] An e. hundred] hundrede kyyghtes y. of] ova. e. 
les] lese fi ; lost e. 



Apr XX.] Robert of Gloucester. 847 

King stephne was amayd • & gan ofte fonde 

To nime J^e lefdi castles • ac ne com him non an 

honde 
pe lefdi was egleche • & quointe of fale wrenche 125 
& |>oute mid quointise • makite him hom blenche 
Mid him heo nom trewes • for god scholde amende 
po al Jjis was ido • king stephne hom wende 
peos two ter were somwhat • to ]7e king stephene 
pe J>ridde |?at com afterward • nas bote al efne 130 
Vor 'pe while |;at he was • |?us in normandiie 
Was folc icome to londe • & dude gret maistrite 
& anfermede castles • ]?at J^e amperesse scholde 
Habbe & hem*i hure sone • come whan hi wolde 
& oxeneforde eke • J'oru ham istreng|?ed was 135 

& ]?e castel astored • to redi ben on cas 
&i of'ere castles manite • her on ]?is londe 
Were faste iholde ek • out of ]>e kinges honde 

123. King'] Wherfor kyng e. umayd'] agreuyd i3 ; anoyed f. ^' gaii] 
& byganne e ; gan y. ofte] ofte to /3 ; efte to f . 

124. nime'] take /3. lefdi] ladi fi ; ladyes e. ac ne] but ^it )3. 
him 71071 an] him none to P ; hit no^t to his e. 

125. lefdi] ladi P. egleche] qwejTit ^. quoi7ite] sley y3. fale] 
many & fele )3 ; many a fele e. 

126. ^] Sche e. quointise] qweyntise )9. maki-^e] to make ^8. 
ho7n] some fi. 

127. heo nom] sche toke fi ; hui nome S ; sche nome e. trewes] trowes ^ ; 
trueses S. for] ^^l to j8 ; for to e. scholde] it schulde fi ; schuld hit e. 

128. \>o] When y3. ido] doun ;8 ; }>us ido S. 

129. peos] Thise j3. t>e] om. e. 

130. pe] pat 5. afterward] after S. 7jas 6o/e] -was but as e. 
131-138. Omitted in 5. 

131. ]>e] om. e. J>a<] om. e. 

132. Was] Ther was e. icome] come j3. /ondc] Englond )8; 
Ms lond 6. dude] dide )3 ; \>ei dude e. 

133. ^•] Thei e. aifermede] affermed)3 ; astored }>e e. scholde] 
schulde haue & holde e. 

134. Habbe ^ Imiri] Haue and Henry y3 ; To harry e. Ai] he /3e. 

135. if] At 6. e^e] also fie. istreng\>ed] strengj>ed /8. 

136. astored] wel astored 3 ; wel I stored -was e. to redi be7i] redi 
to ben fi ; redi to be e. om] in )3 ; in eche e. 

137. wia«2)e] manyon )36. ow] in /3e. 

138. J^oWe] holde /Se. eA] also ySe, 



848 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

Anon rites he wende for]? • stephne ourc king- 
In ];e J^ridde tore • of his crouning 140 
A midewinteres eue • to bedeforde he com 
& bisegede J?ane castel • & afterward him nom 
& wende to scotlond • mid his ost ritt )?o 
He Jjoute whan he come • do ]?er gret wo 
Vor king dauid )?et oj^es • to J>e amperesse hadde 

ido 145 

Hadde to J^isse londc • ido wel gret wo 
He nade ispared children • in hare moder wombe 
Ac slitten out & here for)? • ope speres in hare 

honde 
Ne prustes at }'e wciiedc • ne sparcde ri^t nont 
Ac broil te to dc|?e • sumdcl ]>at was tout 150 

Al jjat hi oftokc • |ms hi gonne scliende 
pudcrward king stephne • swipe him gan wende 



139. rites'] ry^t e. he wcrule'] -went Bf ; iwende 5. 

141. A midewinteres] Apon mydwyntcr ^ ; On mydwynter e. eue] 
euen j8e. 

142. \>ane] )>ilke ;8 ; J'e 5 ; })at e. him] hit e. 

143. §" ivende] And wente y3 ; He went aiioon ryjt «. his] om. 5. 

144. do] to do ^e. 

145. \>et] \>a.t 5e ; J'at J>e ;8. o)>es] was I swore e. to] om. 5. 
hadde ido] hadde do )3 ; )>o e. 

14G. Hadde . . . ido] Made to this londe done y ; Had I do to J>is lond e. 
to] on 5. ]:'zsse] )>is fiSe. ido] donn )3. wel gret wo] ful 

gret wo S ; ry-yi gret sorwe & wo j8 ; M'el gret sorowe & wo e. 

147. He] For he e. nade ispared] 5 ; made ispared a ; spared 
no i8 ; spared no^t e. children] childre $ ; childern e. mod^r 
wombe] niodres wombe J^orwc \>q londe y3 ; moder wombes hurgh J>e 
londe y. 

148. Ac slitten] But slyttehem )3 ; Ac slitte 5 ; But slytted hem e. here] 
ber S ; bare hem )3. ope] on ^ ; vppon e. in hare honde] ine 
honde S. 

149. iVe] No 3; Neither e. Ji?e«e(/e] auter /3e. ?ie sparede] 
he spared ySe ; ne sparet 5. 

150. Ac hroute] But brou^t jS ; But brought hem 7; But brou^t hem 
sone e. sumdel ];>at was tout] & }>at he sore hit a bou^t 6. 

151. oftoke] astoke 5 ; toke Jjere )3 ; toke here e. /«' gonne] J^an gonne 
it /8 ; Jjei dude hem e. 

152. sivi\>c him gan] swi)>e gan 5; fast him gan )8; fast gan him e. 



ApP. XX.] EGBERT OF GLOUCESTEB. 849 

& king dauij^es lond • alle j^e sou]? side 

Barnde & destrude • he nolde no leng abide 

po king dauid m]?drou • & ne abot bataile nout 155 

Ac habbe al his wille • efsone he hadde i]?out 

po hit was after ester • lut more wo com 

O traitor ]?at het talebot -ate j^e king nom 

pe castel of hereforde • pe king J^eoder wende 

&; won ]>e castel a^e • & talebot he schende * 160 

^ut henri kinges sone • robert abast ibore 

Huld ]7e castel of bristowe • wo was ]?e king ]7er 

fore 
pe castel of slede • he huld eke al so 
po nuste ]7e king • what he myte do 
Vor in euerich side ek • nyne oJ?er tene 165 

Me huld of his castles • & dude him grete 

teone 



153. Sf} And of 6. dauH>es'] Dauydi>es yS ; Dauythes 7 ; Dauid)>es e. 
alle'] al bi 5. 

154. Barnde] Brent )3; He brende e. destrude] distroied /S. lie 
nolde] he wolde /3 ; for he wold >er e. no leny] no lenger )3 ; leng 5 ; 
no longer e. 

155. po] The ;35; om. e. wi^drou] him withdrowe j8; -Nv'drowe him e. 
Sf ne . . . 7iout] for fy^t w' him he -wold nojt e. Sf ne abot] ne 
abode )3. 

156. Ac habbe] But hadde (8 ; For he had e. efsone] euene /3 ; 
euyn as €. hadde i]f>out] hadde Jjoujt ^ ; j^ouit e. 

157. po] Whenne j8. yit] yit j8 ; jjat ^it €. com] came ^e. 

158. O] A e. \>at] om, S. het] hi)t )8; was I cleped e. aye] 
a^eu ;3e. nom] name )3e, 

159. pe] To \>Q e. \>eoder] >ider )3Se. ivende] 
wente /SSe. 

160. won] wan /3. aje] ajen /8. scheiide] schente j8Se. 

161. yut . . . liore] ^it Koberd a baast >e kyngges sone harry al in his 
lore e. yut] But y. kinges] }>e kynges /8S. ibore] borne 

162. ^w/rf] Helde fi. \>er fore] >er fome j8. 

163. pe] And he e. sZerfe] Glede (Se. huld] helde /8, 

164. po nuste] pe nuste S ; Thanne nyst j8 ; Tho -svyst nojt e, he myte] 
he myjt best ;8 ; my^t he best e. 

165. exierich] euery /3e. eA] also )8e. tene] ten /8. 

166. itfe A?<W] Men helde fi. teone] tene fi; tuene (originally 
teuene) 5. 

3 H 



850 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX- 

po nuste he wheoderward • erest to wende 

To winne ]>e castles ■ k, liis fon schende 

Hiderward & }>eoder\vard • he wende fol blyue 

He nuste what to done • wo was him alyiie 170 

As he was bisouj^e • castles to winne 

King dauid com hiderward • mid ost cV: mid 

ginne 
Ac }>e nor)>eme folc • of }>is vlke londe 
A^en mid hare pouer • faste gonne stonde 
& in |?e mon]?e of heruest • smite batail strong 175 
Maniie was J^e gode man • j^at islawe was among 
King dauid him turnde • & gan to fleo faste 
Gode men weren )>eos • )?at him so agaste 
pe erchebisschop of euerwik • turstan ])is biraddo 
Vor arst holi chirche • misdo hi hadde 180 

Se)?)7e after midewinter • pe king for)? com 
& ]?e castel of slede • mid strengj^e \fO nom 



167. po nuste /je] Than wist he uo)t j8. wheoderward] whodeward 5, 
erest] furst j3 ; om. e. to] for to /35€. 

168. J>e] his €. schende] to shende e. 

169. Hiderward] Hyder 5. wende] went j8. 

170. nuste] ne wist |8 ; wyst no)t e. ali/ue] on lyue y; in his 
lyve 6. 

171. As he was] As he castels fi; The castels e. bisou\>e] by the 
southe y. castles] was for /3 ; he hoii^t for e. 

172. Kiny] To while kyng e. 

173. Ac J>e] Ac J^at 5 ; But i>e fie. nor}perne folc] Northeren folks /8 ; 
NorJ>J>eumen «. vlke] ilke same /8 ; self e. 

174. A-^en'] Ajen him ;8e. gonne] gan to fi; gonne to f. stonde] 
wi)>stonde e. 

175. Sj-] om. e. smite] smote fi ; \>q\ smytte e. 

176. Mani-yc] Many ^. islawe] slayn )3 ; slawe 5 ; Isleynee. among] 
hem amonge e. 

177. gan] so he ganue e. to] om. S. 

178. weren \>eos] were )>ise /3 ; )>ise weren e. J)a<] >at cowde e. 

179. erchebisschop] Archibischop /3 ; bissop 5. turstan] Tru- 
stan ;8. biradde] was his rede €. 

180. ars<] ellis /8 ; ra}>er 5 ; byfore to e. mtsdo] moche mysdo fi; 
moche sorowe do «. 

181. SeWe] Sithen j8. 

182. cV] And to e. s/frfe] Glede fi. ]>o] he /3 ; forj^e he f. 



Apr XX.] robert of Gloucester. 851 

& to scotloud weiide • mid gret folc anon 

Ac kino- dauid & he • weren imad at on 

«& king dauij^es sone • henri he nom 185 

Mid him fram scotlond • & to lodelowe com 

& bilay ]?ane castel • hare fon come |?ere 

Adoun of his hors • henri hi tere 

Mid yrene crokes • ac ]>e king for]? com 

& out of l^e presce • mid strengj^e him nom 190 

Vor]? to oxeneforde • \>e king wende )?o 

&; leuede at lodelowe • his neode vndo 

& roger |;e bisschop • of salesburi he nom 

To saundre of lincolne • also he com 

pat was his owe cosin • in prison him dude 195 

(to roger pe bisschop • anon in ]?c stude 

Ladde to deuise • & muche wo wi'oute 

& ]?er in ];e castel • anon hine broute 

& slou him mid hunger • wij^oute seruise 

pus he ^eld his mede • };at elede him to kinge 200 

183. Sf /o] And so to e. wende'] went 0. y^et] moche e. 

184. weren imad'] were ymacl 5 ; soone were made ; sone J>ei were made e. 
at on] atone j3 ; at one ye. 

18.5. &f king . . , henri] Kyng Steuen & harrj- king DauidJ>es sone e. 
daui\>es] Dauyd j3 ; Dauides 5. he nom] Avitli him nome ; to him he 
nome €. 

1 86. Mid] And with /3. com] ]>ei come e. 

187. §• bilay] And >er )'ci byseged e. \>anc'\ }>e /Be. hare fun 
come] & her foen come out e. 

188. hi] J^ere >ei 0. 

189. yrene] Ire ; leru e. com] his wey nome €. 

190. presce] pres /3 ; price S. him nom] he come e. 

191. 'Vor\> to] ForJ>e vnto /3; ForJ> ryjt to e. wende] wente 0. 

192. leuede] lefte e. neode] nede 5 ; lornaye yS ; iornay e. 

193. §•] And >o e. he] om. 5. 

194. also] >er aftir j3 ; here after e. 

195. owe] om. 0e. in] & in e. him'] he /3. dude] dide 

196. \>e stude] )>e stede /8 ; J>at stedde e. 

197. Ladde] Was ladde e. deuise] J^e vise j3 ; diuise 5; Jjc vyjeB c. 
8f] & so )3. wroM<e] him wrou^t /3 ; to him wrou^t e. 

198. A»ie] him 5; for)>with him ;8 ; for)>e he him e. 

199. (.<(•] And J>er e. slou] slowe /3f. serM2se] seruingeS; o}>er 
seruice e. After this line 0y insert, 

This was with owten dome • a doclful lewise 

200. yeld] gelded him P. elede] oylede ; anneled e. to] to be j8; om. e. 

3 H 2 



852 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

pane opQv alisandre • his cosin ]?at was 

He deliuerede se]>]>e • of ]>q luj^ere cas 

In |7e furste ^ere • of ]?is kinges kinedom 

King henries douter • ]?e amperesse com 

Mid gret ost alonde • ]>\\s heo was icome 205 

& axede hure heritage • & henries hure sone 

pe king hit wij'seide • his herte fel cold 

pis lefdi was kene • & was ihote Mold 

pat o]?er ler hi come • to lincolne bo 

& smite j?er o bataile • hit nolde oJ>er go 210 

per was king stephne • mid gret streng];e ynome 

Mold |)es amperesse • him sende ate frome 

Vor]? into bristowe • & in ]?e tour sette 

&5 held him in prisone • wi)70ute eny lette 

po was |?es amperesse • vnderfonge al clene 21 5 

Of al engelonde • lefdi ich wene 

201, 202. Instead of these lines fiye have (c omitting /«s). 

And sithen delyuered Alisaundre • owt of his prisonynge • 
201. pa?«e] pan 5. 

203. furste'] fifte 5. 

204. King he7irics'] Kynges Henries y ; Kynge harryes e. corn] \>o 
come e. 

205. alonde] on londe y ; to \>h londe e. Vus] for )>is cause 6. heo] 
hu 5 ; sche jSe. -was icome] come f. 

206. Sf] Sche e. axede] asked ;8e ; cschte 5. hure] here /8 ; 
hur e. henries] eke harryes e. 

207. his herte] wherfor his hert e. fel] felle j8 ; was S ; waxed e. 

208. Vis lefdi] This ladi )8 ; J^us lefdy 5. ^ ivas ihote] & was callid iS ; 
for sche was I cleped e, 

209. pat o)>er yer] The next ^eer e. lincolne] lincolene 5. ho] 
bo)>e two ^e. • , 

210. &^' smite ]>er] And smote ]>ev ; And )>er \>ei smytte e. o] a fie. 
hit nolde o\>er] for oj^er wyse hit wolde no^t e. o]>er] other 
weyes y. 

211. ynome] nome ;8. 

212. ]>es] \>e j8. him sende] him sent anone fi ; anoon him sent e. 
ate frome] to frome )3e; at ]>e frome 5, 

213. i7ito] om. S; to e. sette] S ; festea ; fast lete him sette fi; lete 
fast him sette y ; fast dude him sette e. 

214. him] him pere /8 ; om. 5. wi^poute] withowten /8. 

215. po] Thanne /3. >es] j^e j8. vnderfonge] I vnderfonge )8. 

216. 0/«/ . . . we7ie] Lady of al ynglond as I wene e. lefdi ich] 
Lady as I y3. 



ApP. XX.] EGBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 853 

Wi)?oute kentissche men • ]?er was ]>e quene 

pat atenst hure was • & dude grete teone 

Ac ]>e bisschop of- winchestre • was legat of rome 

& eke J?e londreis • hure furste vndernome 220 

Heo was so at londone • & wer]? swipe prout 

&; eke hure misbar • & was icast al out 

To dauid hure vncle • king of scotlonde 

Swi]?e sone after • heo sende hure sonde 

&5 robert hure broj^er • com mid gret route 225 

& bilay ]7e bisschopes tour • of londone aboute 

pat ihurde |?e quene • in kent ])ev heo was 

& gret ost made • no targinge j^er nas 

Vor]? wende ]>m ost • & J^eoderward drou 

At winchestre hi ham ymette • & muche folc slou 

Muche was J^e sorewe • ];at was ido ]?er 231 

Me slou to J>e grounde • bo|7e fer & ner 



217. Wi]f>oute'] Withowten $ ; Saue of e. l>er was >e] iiev was sche 
nojt 6. 

218. pat ayenst hure wasl pat henry was a^ensteS; For J>ei were a^enst 
hur e. was'] weren P. Sf dude] \>q\ duden hur e. grelc 
teone] moche tene j3e ; gret tueone 5. 

220. eke ]>e londreis] also of londrays /3 ; of london also e. hure] he 
hur e. 

221. Heo was so] Hu was so S; So was sche /8 ; Tho sche was e. at] 
in e. §• wer\> swi]>e] and waxe ryjt /3 ; sche waxed wonder e. 

222. eke] also jSe ; or S. hure misbar] mysbare hur e. §•] wherfor 
sche e. icast] cast ;3 ; put e. al] om. Se. 

223. To] Thanne /3 ; po S. vncle] vnclene S. 

224. Sivi];>e sone] Ry)t soone ;3 ; Sone fast e. after] J>er aftir j8 ; here 
after e. heo seride] hu sende S ; sche sent 0. 

225. mid gret] with huge j8 ; also wi> a gret e. 

226. aboute] al abowte ;8. 

227. pat . . . que7ie] Tho Jjb quene here of herde e. pat ihurde] 
pat hurde 5 ; Ther of harde 0. kent] ken a. \>er heo] >>er 
hu 8 ; J>er sche /3 ; where sche e. 

228. §• gret ost] A gret ost sone sche e. wo] for no /8 ; for none e. 
targinge] taryenge ;8. was] was e. 

229. wewrfe] wente ;8. §•] and fast ;8. 

230. Aj Aawt ymette] >ei hem mette /3 ; hem mette 5 ; >ei to geder mette e. 
slou] J)er })ei slowe e. 

231. ido] >an doun (8. 

232. Me] Men /8. sfost] slowe fi. )>e] om. e. /jo}>c] ^c 5. 



854 THE CHRONICLE OF [ApP. XX. 

Ac ]ye araperesse tiirnde • & hure pouci- 

Ac robert hure brojjcr • ynome was j;er 

What halt longe tale • heo ^af out ]>e king 235 

& hackle- hure broj^cr • wi]?oute wemning 

po was stephne eft king • & faire vnderfonge 

Of manite riche erles • &; louerdinges stronge 

& in ]?e seue];e a ere of his kinedom y wis 

At candlemasse • idon was al ]>is 240 

pat o]^er ter ];er after • at Mihelemasse 

pe king at oxeneforde • bilay ]>e amperesse 

Vor to hit was in ]?e auent • J?at winter was 

icome 
He ]?oute wel ]>er inne • ]>e lefdi habbe ynonie 
Her me may ihure • of wimman wrenche 245 

Hou heo gan ]'at time • fram pe king at 

blenche 



233. poucr'] gret power )8. 

234. i/iwme'\ nome e ; take )3. 

235. halt lonye talc'] schulde it longe to telle /3 ; halt hit longe to telle e. 
heo yaf] hu ^af 5 ; sche )aue /3 ; sche let e. 

236. ^ hadde'] To hane €. wi\>oute'] with owte harnie or /8 ; \i\\> 
outten harme or e. 

237. po] Thanue^S. stephne eft kiny] Steuene J>e kynge eft (oft 7) 
fiy; k3-ng Steuene e. if faire vnderfonye] made as I vnderstonde j8 ; 
fey re I vnderfonge e. 

238. louerdinges stronye] lordynges of he londe 0; lordynges of \>h 
lond e. 

239. seiie]>e] Seiien)> & ; seueue e. kinedom] kyngdome ;3. 

240. At] As at he tjme of )8 ; At >e tyme of e. candlemasse] 
candelemasse 5. idon] doun /8 ; ido Se. 

241. pa<] lu >at e. J>er a/>e;-] next after e. at Mihelemasse^ 
atj>efeste of myjelmesse ;8 ; fram mijhalemasse 5. 

242. bilay] by lay fast ^ ; byseged e. 

243. Vor to] For ^ ; For tyl e. loas] come /3. in >.e auent] in 
Auent ;8 ; in aduent S ; Adueut e. \>at] >er 5. icome] come P. 

244. wel] ry^t sikerly /8 ; fuUe sykerly e. }>e lefdi] hure j3 ; hur e. 
habbe ynome] haue nome )8 ; to haue nome y ; haue Inome e. 

245. me] men /8. ihure] wel here ;8 ; lerne e. of wimman] of a 
wommannes /3 ; his wimmane 5 ; a womannys e. 

246. heo yan] hue gan 5 ; sche bigau ;3 ; sche awey e. fram] fro 6. 
f/i blenche] to blenche j8 ; dude blenche e. 



ApP. XX.] ROBEliT OF GLOUCESTER. 855 

Temese was |?o ifrore • hard k ]?icke ynoii 

& was swi]?e whit aboue • of ]?e snywede snou 

Snou whyte clo|7es • |?e lefdi dude hure on 

& for)? ouer temese • qiiyt gan awey gon 250 

Hure fon were lo|> to loke • on snou }?at was so 

whit 
pat glymsede on hare ey^en • ];er fore heo teode 

quyt 
After ]?e bleo of snou • hure wede y wrout was 
pat gilede eke hare eyten • J^at heo yseyte' nas 
Ne }?oute heo nout al one • ]>e faire lefdi go 255 

Fram oxeneforde sone • hure folk com after |7o 
To walingforde Jeanne • heo teode mid god pas 
& dude hure in j?e castel • & |^ar inne was 
Oxeneford j^o anon • to ]>e king ateld 259 

pe amperesse me soute • me seide heo was igo afeld 



247. Temesel Themys e. J>o] J>an j3; om. e, ifrore'] frore fi 
(^originally froze) . 

248. urns . . . aboue'] ry^t white was yuouj ; white I nowe hit was e. 
of] as )3. he snywede] \>q snowe y3 ; }>e snowed e ; wy^te 5. 

249. Snou whyte clo\>es] Fayre white cloj^es as snowe e. clo\>es] clobes 
J>an /8. l^fdi] ladi )3. hure oji] hure vpon )3 ; ou Jjo 5. 

250. quyt] al qwyte )3 ; al quyte e ; quic 5. yan awey ijon] sche dide 
awey gon fi ; gan )>anne go S ; awey dude gon e. 

251. were] was S. loke] loke out e. S7wu] j^e snowe e. 

252. on] in j36. hare] J>an 5. eyyen] y^e siU e. heu ^eodc] 
sche ^ede )8€ ; hu ede 5. 

253. bleo] ble /Se ; blue 5. ywrout] wrou^t )8 ; I broujt e. 

254. pa/] Whiche e. yilede] bigilede ;8 ; blered e. e^e] also /3 ; 
om. €. Aeo yseyxe] sche sene ;8 ; hu yseyte 5 ; sche Ise e. 

255. 256, omitted in 5. 

255. Ne . . . go] The lady J>ou)t no)t awey aloou for to go e. Nc] 
No j8. al one] al alone ;3. faire lefdi go] ladi awci for to go 
(gone 7) ^y. 

256. Fram] Fro e. sone] rj-^t sooue /3. ]jo] thone y. 

257. To . . . \>anne] Than to Walyngi'ord e. heo xeode] sche jede 
;8€ ; hu ede S. god] ry^t good )3. 

258. ^- (^Jirfe . . . castel] In tojae Castel sche ^ede e. m] in to /8. 
?<;as] sche was e. 

259. ]>o] >auj3. ayeld] hem dide )elde)3; l?ei dude hem ^elde e. 

260. me soute] men soujt P; he sou;,te 5 ; men souUfast e. mc seide] 
& to hem men seid e. igo afeld] go afelde & ; go feld 5 ; I fledde e. 



856 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

In ]>e kinges fourte]?e ^ere • hure sone henri com 
Of king dauid of scotlond • armes he nom 
& made gret f este • king dauid «fe he 
Oure king nas nout ypaj^'d -in J'ere compaine 
par were gret louerdinges • of engelond mid ham 265 
per fore hadde king stephne • hurte swi)?e gram 
His sone |?at hadde armes . ynome in jnilke lere 
& mani^e oj'ere louerdinges • he nom his ifere 
To euerwik he wende • wor hi were adradde 269 

Last king dauid & henri • j^ane toun ynome hadde 
Eustas king stephnes sone • destrude se|>j7e & schende 
Anon hare aire londes • )?at to henries feste wende 
In ]>e sixte)?e ^ere • of king stephne bi cas 
pe gode erl of aungeo • ]'e amperesse louerd j^at 
was 274 

& Jje kinges sone of ierusalem • to de]>e drou bicas 
&i tok henri on honde • his vldeste sone J^at was 

261. kinges fourtc\>e "^ere] fourtene ^eer of Jje kyng e. fourtc]>e] four- 

tene P. hure sone henri'] henry hure sone 5 ; harry her sone come e. 

263. ^] Thei e. king'] hoi> kyug e. 

264. 7ias] was j3e. ypayd] apaide jSe. in] with ;8e. J>e7-e] here /8, 

265. Var] The ;8 ; There ye ; per S, louerdinges] .lordinges fi ; 
lordes e. 

266. hadde king stephne] kyng Steuen had e. hurte] in his herte )8. 
swi)>e gram] moche grame /Be ; gret grame y. 

267. His] Hure y. ynome] ytake )3. in )pulke] in Jjilke j85 ; ))at 
ylke e. 

268. mani-^e] many /8. louerdinges] lordes $ ; lordyngges e. nom] 
toke ;8. his] with him /Be. ifere] in feer e. 

269. ivende] went ^. wor] for S; for l>erof ;8. 

270. Last] Lest ;3. ]>ane] >ilke )8 ; Jjan S ; J^at e. ynome] take fi: 

271. Am^ s<epA?ies] kynges Steuene 7. destrude . . . scAe?jrfe] anooil 
he dude blame & shent e. destrude] destroied 0. seJ>J)e] sithen )3. 
schende] schent ;8. 

272. Anon . . . henries] Al >e lordes J>at to Harryes e. hare aire 
londes] alle l^e lordes yS. iwenrfe] went ^e. 

273. s«a7<e>>e] sixtenej? ^ ; sixtene e. Ain^r] kynges 7. 

274. J^e amperesse louerd] ]>e Emperesse lord^ ; king henries ol^am 5 ; |>e 
Emperesse housbond e. \>at] om. 5. 

275. 276, omitted in e. 

275. ]pe] om. S. 

276. vldeste] eldest $ ; uldest 5. 



anma. 



Apr XX.] Robert of Gloucester. 857 

His ritte of heritage • on engelonde here 
Normandi^e & aungeo • & grauntede him eke 

]>ere 
pei he hit nadde ]>o on hond • he ]70ute J^at he 

myte 
poru godes grace ^ute • winne his owene ri^te 280 

Hit fel in |?ulke ^ere • ]?at king lo\vys of france [A]quit- 

Fram elianore his quene • al in gret distance 
poru J>e riit lawe • departed was bi cas 
pe rich erles douter • of peito J>at was 
& due of aquitaine • of gascoine also 285 

He was kunde louerd • his wille forto do 
po com for]? ];is henri • ])e ^onge due ywis 
& nom hure to wyue • in ioi^e «fe in blis 
& J7e erldom mid hure • of peito ]?at was 
Aquitaine & gascoine • ]?at hure heritage was 290 

pis spousing was enchesen • of gret hate & wre]7]?e 
pat bitwene king lowis • & due henri was sej?j7e 



277, 278, transposed in 5. 

277. 071'] of e. 

278. Normandi-^e] Of Normandye e. ,§• grauntede] he graunted fi. 
eke \>ere] also >ere ^ ; there also, y ; }?ere e. 

279. pei] Thouj j8. hit nadde \>o] hit hadde nou^t B ; om. 5 ; had hit 
noit 6. on] in e. hond] honde )8e. \pat] om. fi. 

280. oivene] om. S. 

281. fel] bifel /S ; felle so e. ]>ulke] }>at e. 

282. Frani] He went fro e. quene] wyS e. in yret distance] 
•wijioute balaunce 5. 

283. was] J>ei were e. 

284. \>e] Sche was he e. erles] Erie /3. 

285. of gascoine] and of Gascoyne j3 ; and of gascon e. 

286. kunde] worH /3 ; a worJ>i e. louerd] lorde by kynde fi ; lord by 
kynde e. for to] to S, 

287. N] Thanne j3. henri] Harry e. \>e] \>&i e. 

288. nom] toke /3 ; he toke e. wyue] wijf /3. zw] with j3 ; to holde 
in S ; wi}> moche e. in] with /8 ; om. 5e. 

289. \>e] }>an 5. erldom] eildom a. mid hure . . . loas] of Peyto 
that thanne hure it was y. 

290. gascoine] Gascoii e. ?t'as] J^an was 8. 

291. 2i'rc}jjje] wrej>e /3; wraaj? e. 

292. henri] harry e. sej^lse] si^J^e e. 



858 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

Vor king lowys & eustas • king stephnes sone come 
To normandite & bataile • mid duk henri nome 
Ac ]7is longe henri • made ham );annes blenche 295 
& euere whanne hi come • hii dronke of luj^ere 

drenche 
pat o]7er ^er ]7er after • king stephene his sone nom 
Eustas & wolde him crouni • to habbe j^is kinedom 
Ac he fond no bischop • j^at hit wolde do 
pe pope mid his lettre • hit hadde forbode so 300 

Vor to tenst his o]?e • king stephne ]?er to com 
& mid tricheri^e • wi]?outen oj^er dom 
pe king louede lute ]>o • al clergite for )?is 
& twei^e bisschopes amorewe • in prisone dude ywis 
pis bisschopes were adradde • to habbe ibeo ido to 

de]>e 305 

& lefde hare godes • & wende alyue vnne|?e 



293. Vor . . . come'] For Eustace kyng Steuenes sonne to kyng lowys 
in to Normandy come e. king] \>e kynge j8. stephnes] Steuene $. 

294. To . . . nome] And )>ere batelle t>ei made & ajenst Harry J>ei 
nome e. 

295. henri] Harry e. );>annes] sone t>ens ;3 ; )?aune 5; sone J>ennys 6. 

296. hi] )>ei /8 ; Imi S. hii] J>ei /3; hui 5. of] of a e. 

297. J>er after] next after e. nom] Eustase he nome e. 

298. Eustas . . . kinedom] And he wold haue crowned him to haue be 
syker of )>\s kyngdome e. wolde him crouni] him crowne wolde )3. 
habbe \>is] haue his $. 

299. he fond] he fonde J3 ; he ne fond S; Jjer was no bysshoppe in J>is 
lond 6. 

300. pe] For Jje e. lettre] letters ;8. forbode] for do & ; forbede 5. 
hit hadde forbode] he hadde forbode hit e. 

301. to yoist] a^enst j8 ; to ^enste 5 ; falsely ajenst e. 

302. tricheri^e] false trecherie j8 ; false trechery & gyle e. 

303. lute J>o] litel Jjan ^ ; wel lytel )>o e. al clergiye] \>e clergie al 5 ; 
al i>e clergye e. for ]>is] I wis fi ; I wys e. 

304. Sf] For e. tweiye] two /3 ; Iweye S ; tweyne e. in prisone 
dude ywis] in prisoun he dide for \>is (8 ; he dude hem in prisoii for 
Ms e. 

305. to habbe . . . de\>e] sore of \>e dee> e. to habbe] fo habbe a ; 
for to haue /3 ; for habbe 5. ibeo] be /8. 

306. Sf] Therfor €. tefde] lost & ; lefde al S ; hei leest e. 
Sf loende . . . rwjiejje] to ascape alyue vnne)>e e. ive7ide] went /8. 
alyne] on lyue j. 



ApP. XX.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. -SoO 

Ac l^e king mid penance • sej^j^e was idi^t 

& ^af hare godes a^en • as hit was wel ri^t 

pane castel of nyweburi • |?at vlke ^ere wel taste 

king stephne bisegede • & ek nom at ]?e laste 310 

& ]?ane castel se])]>G • of walingforde bilay 

& bi \>e see side • wuste ny^t and day 

pat me ne myte no]?er • out come ne in fare 

Ne feche mete ne drinke • muche was hare kare 

Henri due hi sende word • in to normandi^e 315 

pat was nywe due ymad • of |7ere seignorie 

pat he ham scholde helpe • & fram harm schelde 

0)>er ^eue ham leue • l7ane castel vp to ^elde 

pe due of normandi^e • her of nom hede 

& |;oute )?at he wolde • ^elde stephnes mede 320 



307. se\>i>e'] si|>en fi ; si}>>c e. idi-^t] dyjt 0. 

308. §•] He e. ytfhare godes ayii] ^aue hem here goodes a^en ^ ; 
laf a^eu hare godes 5 ; )aue hem her goodes a^en e. wel'] 
good j8. 

309. \iane] The /Se. nyweburi'] Newbery ^ ; Nyweburu 5. \>al 
vlke jere] Hike same )eer /3 ; bat same )eer €. wel] ry^t ^. 

310. bisetfede] byseged hit e. ek nom] toke it also ^; nomc hit 
also e. 

311. \>ane] J>at ;8 ; \>e Se. se]>Ve of walingforde] of Walyngford siHe 
he e. se)>Ye] sijjen ;8. 

312. see side] se aside S; water sydc e. louste] furst 5; wardcde 
wel & kept bojje /3 ; he kept it wel bo)> e. 

313. ne] om. e. no)>er] no^t e. out come] owt go /3e. ne] 
neij^er ( ; om. S. in] Inne &. 

314. Ne] Nei>er e. we] no /3; nor 7 ; & 5. was] was 
t>an /Se. 

315. fl^cMrJ </i<c] To Duke Henry /8 ; To duke Harry e. //« se/trfe] }>ei 
sent ;8e ; hui sende 5. 

316. nywe due] duke newe e. //?Harf] made /3. J^ere] here ^ ; 
her e. 

317. pa<] pa a. ham scholde] send hem e. frum harm schelde] 
fro harme hem shilde e. 

318. \>ane] >e ^e. 

319. 7io;k hede] toke hede /8 ; nem \>o hede S ; nome hede e. After this e 
adds, 

And wij> out any long tarying in ))iit stedde • 

320. tf] He e. stephenes] Steuen his ;8. After this e adds, 

For his gret treson & trechery w* his luj»er falseheed. 



860 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

In ]>e seuentej^e ye • of stephenes kinedom 

pis due of normandite 'in to J?is lond com 

& J>e king stephne • he dude schame ynou 

Ouer al her & J;ere • muche folc me slou 

So J^at to malmusburiie • due henri com a day 325 

& ]7ere made sege • and ]>e castel bilay 

Me sende king stephne • word wi]?oute lette 

So J>at he J^eoderward com • & biside his pauilon 

sette 
&; grei]?ede ost a morewe • & l^eoderward iwende 
Ae oure louerd al myti • to ^enst liim ]?o sende 830 
Keyn & gret stormes • «fe snou mid cheole & wo 
& drof ]?ane king abac • at j^ulke time so 
To londone henri wende • fram malmesburi ]>o 
& nom ]7ane tour anon • wijjoute eny wo 
Stor ]?at was ]7er inne • mid godes helpe ]>o 335 

To walingforde he sende • & halp his fole of wo 



321. seuentei>e'] seuenj^ejS; seuentene e. 

322. fo»i] sone come /8 ; he come e. 

323. i>e king'] J^e kynges ^ ; to kyng e. 

324. her] he a. me] })ei fi. 

325. to] cm. 5. malmusburiye] mahnesbery j8. a day] on a 
day 6. 

326. made] he made e. bilay] be bylay e. 

327. Me sende] Men sent /3. king stephne toord] worde to kyng 
Steuene e. wi\>oute] with outen j3. 

328. he ]peoderward com] }>uderward be come S ; he come Hderward e. 
biside] bisides P. his] a 8. pauilon'] paueloune $. sette] 
he sette e. 

329. Sf greii>ede] And graced fi ; He grey>ed e. ost] bis ost /3e. .a 
morewe] a morwe ^ ; on morowe 7. iwende] wente fi ; fast he went e. 

330. louerd] lord 8 ; lord god e. to yenst] ajenst ;8 ; to )enste 5 ; 
a^ens e. ]>o sende] sente j8 ; sone be sent e. 

331. ^rei sformes] stormes grete iS. ^' s?jo?*] wi> snowe e. 7H2(^ 
c^coZe] with cold 8 ; colde e. 

332. ^ fZyo/"] That droffe e. J?a«e A???.^] him a^en e. )?a7je] >at /3; 
the 7S. i>idke] ]>at e. 

333. henri] Harry e. we?i(/e] went yS. /ro/w] fro e. 

334. no7n ]>ane] toke )je P. ivi];>oiite] wythouten 7. 

335. Stor] And})e store e, was ]i>er] J>er was S. 

336. sende] sent )3. /ia/p] half /3. /o/c o/^fo] men also )8. 



Apr XX.] Robert of Gloucester. 8(51 

& alle pG kinges castles • pat ]?er aboute were 

pat walingforde bilei^e • bisette aboute J^ere 

pe king com l^eoder mid his ost • stourdeliche 

ynou 
& to tenst him due hemi • hasteliche drou 340 

po were J'ere barons •- ]?at come for]? anon 
& speke ^urne of acord • J'at were ]>e beste won 
Ac al hit was treson • )?at euere wor]? ham wo 
Vor ham were leuere habbe • werre euere mo 
Bote hi nolde in none wise • to bataile go 345 

per fore hi nome trewes • at )?ulke time so 
& ofte was loueday • bitwene ham on londe 
pat false men delaide • god ^iue ham muche 

schonde 
Vor ]7er were louerdinges • on ei)?er side J^o 
& ne kepte J^at ];er were pes • bitwene ham neuere 

mo 350 



337. ^] And to e. 

338, 339, transposed in fie. 

338. pat] And 0e. bilei^e . . . \>ere] bisily bisetten (bisette 7) aboute 
ynouj fiy ; be besette al a boute besily I nowe e. 

339. com \>eoder'] Jjuder com S; come })idewarde fi. mid his ost'] 
w' ost S. ynou] ynou^ bere fi ; ynough 7 ; to fere hem >ere e. 

340. §•] om. 5. to yenst] a^enst jSe ; To ^enste 5. due] >e Duke fi ; 
Jjis duke e. henri] Harry e. droxi] he drowe e. 

341. po] Thanne fi. for\>] Jier fi. 

342. speke] spake |8 ; \>ei speke e. yir7ie] ^erne 5 ; fast $€. 

343. ]>at] )5erfore e. ivori>] be j8. 

344. ham were leuere] J?ei had leuere e. habbe . . . mo] forte 
habbe euermo 5 ; haue werre euer & bate also /3 ; haue euer werre & 
bate also e. 

345. hi 7iolde] j>ei ne wolde /3 ; hui nolde 5 ; i>ei wold no)t e, 7io7ie] 
no j8. to bataile] into batelle e. 

346. hi Jiome] j^ei toke j3. ]p7dke] }>ilke fi ; |>at e. 

347. ofte ivas loueday] of a loueday e. o7i lo7ide] on honde j8S ; t)ei 
had in honde e. 

348. f'ai] And e. delaide] hit delayed €. ^of/] }>erfor god e. 
jme] jeue /8e. /<am mwcAe] swiche ; hem e. 

349. louerdi7iges] lordynges fi. on] in e. 

3.53. ^] That j3e. 7ie kepte] kept nojt e, J^er] om. 5. jwre] 

had be e. 



862 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

pat Avokle liLLc in ryot • & liabbe al have 

wille 
In robberi^e & prute • boj^e loudc & stille 
pe while ])er was werre • ]?at no]?er maister nere 
Hi nadde nanne louerd • ]7at hi dradde of were 
Ac tif op'er were maister • & |?e seignori^e al hede 355 
Ham he wolde chasti • & him hi moste drede 
per fore in no]7er syde • ende ne kepte hi noiit 
Ac ]ms holde worre • for]? hi hadde y]?out 
Ac ]?is king & henri come • se]?)?e ham .siilue 

tweite 
Ac water orn bitwene • & spekcn of pes bei^e 30)0 
Of hare false barons • j^at ham traide so 
Bitwene ham sulue twelve • plainte hi made ])0 
Of pes hi made forme • bi ham sulue ywis 
Ac fort ano]?er time • hi duden afurst J?is 



Sfjl. wolde] Jjei my^t e. libbe'] lyue 13 ; lyff'e e. hahbe'] haue &. 

al hare'] at here $ ; al her f . 

352. jinite] pride /3 ; in pride e. 

353. \>at noi>er] & ueij^er of hem e. 7iere] -were /Sc. 

354. Hi nadde] Thei ue hadde /3 ; Thei had e. nanne] no ^e. louerd] 
lorde ^ ; lord e. dradde] drad )3 ; wore a dredde e. were'] J>ere $e. 

355. Ac] And e. o^er] on )8 ; one e. u-ere] had be e. ^- \>e] 
& S ; & of his e. a/] for to /3 ; uome e. 

356. Ham he ivolde] Than he wold hem e. chasti] wel chasti j3 ; 
chastyse f . t^ /ii/K A« inoste] & also t'ei wold him e. wjo.s^f] 
most /8 ; must y. 

357. per /ore] Wherfor e. no\>er] now}>eri8; neij^er 7e. e?/r/e . . 
nout] of nonne ende )>ei ne roujt 6. ne] om. 5. 

358. ^c \>us holdc] But holde for^e e. worre] werre )8e. /or|> 
hi hadde] Jjus ^ei had e. y\>out] J>ou)t )3e. 

359. Ac] om. e. henri] Harry e. sej^jje] sitheu (8. set>}>e . . .ticeiy] 
to J>e water by hem twey e. 

360. Ac . . . 6ei)e] And by twene hem be water ran of pees as bei speke 
I sey €, orn] ran ;8. spehen'] spake /35. beiye] bo^e 
^0)8. 

361. ham traide] hem bitraied /3. 

362. /ia?H smZmc /wei^e] hem self two j3 ; hem twejTie e. /tlainte] her 
pleyntte e. A«] he ^ ; J^ei e. 

363. ;je.s] a pees e. forme] a forme e. 

364. ^c . . . J)is] Euer to holde hit but )if any fordude his /"''] 
vnto j8. duden] dideu ;3 ; dude 5. afurst] fui'st 6 



ApP. XX.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. S63 

God was euere hende • & for due henri wroute 3G5 
& eustas ]?e kinges sone • to ]?e de]?e broute 
& eke ]?e eii symond • of norhamptone |^at was 
pe sulue wike deide • & non harm hit nas 
Vor he was hi|?er euere • & ibured was ywis 
At northamptone for so]?e • ]>er his bodi tut is 870 

Ac eustas at faueresham • ibured was & nout per 
In J?e abbei^e |?at his moder • hadde ymaked er 
pat ipreoued was in armes • swi|7e gode & quointe 
& to men of holi chu'che • lu|?ere in eche pointe 
peos were due hem*ites fon • ]?at were ibrout adoune 
God him greij'ede pes • to tenst he here croune 376 
po wend for)? due henri • to Stanford |>at he com 
& drof out ]?e kinges men • & ]?e castel nom 
pe while ]>e king j^e eastel • of gipeswich nom 
pat huwe bigod hadde ihokle • to len his kine- 
dom 380 



365. ^-J and moche /3. henri] Harry e. 

366. Sf] For e. to \>e de)>e broute] to det» was I broujt e. 

367. eke] also j8. J>e] \>at e. norhamptone'] noramptoue 5 ; 
Northampton y. 

368. pe sulue] lu l?at self e. deide] )>ei dyde e. ^] and Jjat /Se. 
non] no e. hit nas] nas S ; was e. 

369. lu\>er euere] euer In^er e. ibured u-as] buried was /3 ; he was 
beryed e. 

370. \>er] where e. his bodi ^ut] y\t his bodi )3e. 

371. faueresham] Feuersham /8. ibured] buried $. 

372. hadde ymaked er] lete make and rere /3 ; dude make & rere e. 

373. J3a< ipreoued icas] pat yproued was 5; Thei were proued 0. swi\>e] 
ry>t /3. 

374. /Mj>ere] \u\>ev Jjei were e. im] on 5. 

37.T. peos] Ther/8e; pis S. henri-^es fon] Henries foo )8 ; Harryes 

foen f. )pat were ibrout] wel brou^t ; wel I broujt e. 

376. him grei\>ede] him ordeyued /3 ; made him e. to yenst] a^enst 
Jsat j3 ; to ^enste 5 ; a^ens h>at tyme >>at e. 

377. po wend for)>] po wende forJ> S ; Thaune wente yS ; Tho wente e. 
Stanford] Staunford /8. i>at] om. e. 

378. nom] he nome e. 

379. Omitted in 5. pe while] And while y ; This while e tjipeswicli] 
^epeswiche )3 ; Epyswyche e. worn] he nome e. 

380. iholde] holde /3. <o ^ew] ajenst ;8 ; to xenst 5 ; a^ens e. 



cordia. 



864 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

po wend for]; due henii • to notingham fol ritt 
pane toun he nom on honde • ac }?us hit was iditt 
pat folc in J)e castel • & com for]? mid won 
Vor dcstourbi J^e sege • ]>e toun hi barnde anon 
de con- pe bisschop of canturbmi • theobaud ]>e while com 385 
& eke on o];er bischop • & ]>e king in conseil nom 
&; god reson him seid • & bad him vnderstonde 
Of acord mid due henri • }7at pes were in lond 
pane king hi bede ilome • & ]>ane due in }>isse manere 
Wi}? messagers af sende • J'at to gadere icome hi 
were 390 

& folfulde pe fourme • J;at hi er hadde iwrout 
& ];oru godes gTace • at on hi were ibrout 
pat pe kinge scholde hokle • J>is lond al his lyf 
& aeppe henri be king • wi]?oute eni strif 



381. po"} Thamie j8. ivend'} went )8. henri'] Harry e. fol'] 
ful P. 

382. pcme] pan S ; The j8. 7ioin] toke fie. on honde] unone /3 ; 
an honde 5. idi-^i] di^t iS. 

383. iri] was in 5 ; ))at in e. castel] castelle were e. Sf com] 
come y3e. viid'] good j8 ; wih S ; ■wij? wel gret e. 

384. Vor destourhi] For to distorblo y3 ; For to dystroiible e. )>e] ))an 5. 
hi barnde] hui barnde 5 ; J>ei brent j8 ; )>e brende e. 

385. bisschop] Archebysshoppe e. theobaud] Teband )3. \>e while] 
to M'hile e. 

386. eke on o];>er] also anoJ>er jSe. Sf] t)at j8e. ??«] in to e. 

387. resoti] resouns 0. him] to him e. 

388. he7iri] Harry e. pes were] J)er were pees e. 

389. pane] The iS ; To t>e e. hi bede] hui bede 5 ; >ei prayede y3 ; t>ei 
seid e. ilome] longe /3 ; om. e. )>a7ie] j^an )>e /8 ; )jan to )'e e. 
m \>isse] on }>is )3e. 

390. WiV] And with j8. wiessa^crs] messangers )8. q/'se7Jc?e] 
of sonde ^ ; |>ei sent her sonde e. \>at] om. S. to gadere icome hi] 
Jjei to gidre come fi ; Jjei to geder I come e. 

391. 8f folfulde] And fulfilled )3 ; To fulfyUe e. fourme] forme of 
pees e. er hadde] hadde er P ; had byfore e. iwrout] 
wrou^t /3. 

392. at on hi were] atone )?ei were /3 ; J?ei were at one e. /«'] cm. 5. 
ibrout] brou^t /8. 

393. a? his lyf] al his lyue j3 ; bi his lyffe e. 

394. sej>}>e] sij?en )3 ; after him e. Aenn] Harry e. ^e] to be e. 
?<;/J>oM<e] with owten ;8. eni strif] any stryue ;8, 



Apr XX.] Robert of Gloucester. 865 

Miiche was ]>o ]>& ioi^e • in winchestre of songe 395 

po due henri & ]>e king • in pes Avere vnderfonge 

Vor biscliopes & clerkes • & muche folc come 

Mid gTct procession • for hi were isome 

pis king due henri • to sone ]>o nom 

& stablede him ]?er his eir • of |?is kinedom 400 

To londone J>anne • pe king sone com 

&5 J)is due henri • mid him j^uder nom 

pe toun mid gret ioiie • ham gan vnderfonge 

Mid fair procession • & gret loud of songe 

po departede |?e king • & his nywe sone 405 

So |7at hi wolden eft • sone a^en come 

pe acord was confermed • as god ^af ]?at cas 

To fore midewinter • in j^e ^er as hit was 

After ]>e twelf dayes • ]?ane eitej^e day 

At oxeneforde • as ich telle may 410 



395. J>o] {>an ;8 ; om. 5e. ioiye'] loye & songe e. ?h] om. y. 
of songe'] hem amonge e. 

396. po] The J3. henri] Harry 6. Sf \>e] w' N 5. in pes irere] 
was J'er 5 ; in pees ^ei were feyre e. 

397. Vor] Of e. tV muche folc come] for \>e'i acorded were in iuste 
dome e. 

398. Mid (/ret] With inoche ^ ; And wi> feyre e. for hi were isome] 
for Jjei were some P ; ajen hem l^ei come e. 

399. pis . . . 7iom] The Duke Henri ]>an J^e kynge as for sone nome P ; 
Tho duke Hariy and J^e kyng as sone as )>ei were in to )>e towne 
Inome e. 

400. Sf-] The kyng e. him i>er] t-er 5 ; & cryde him J^ere e. his eir] 
for jje eire )3 ; heir 5 ; for i>c ever e. \^is] hi« /3. hinedom] 
kyngdome j3e. 

401. To londone \>anne] Than a noou to London e. 

402. henri] Harry e. mid him )>uder] wi|> him puder S ; )>ider witli 
him i3e. nom] he nome e. 

403. gan'] gonne j8 ; dude fayi-e e. 

404. ./<:«>] ryal e. c^ ,igre<] & wi)? gret e. /o?<f? f/] hid of S; nier})e 
and /3 ; myrj>e & e. 

40.5. po] Thanne /3. 

406. Ai loolden'] l-"'ei wolde /3. come] to gidre come )3. 

407. pe] Ther^; Ther ^e e. yaf] ^aue j3. 

408. To fore] Afore /S. 

409. dayes] dawes 5. \>ane] )>e /3. «'/7(l>e] eijttcne e, 

410. oxeneforde] be town of Oxenford /3e. ich] I ^ow j3. 

3 I 



866 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

Hi comen eft to gaclero • ase king het anon 

Barons & his erls • j^udere come echon 

& homage & feute • l)i |>e kinges heste 

Hi dude due henii • pe leste &; ]>e meste 

So ]?at to ])e king • bi al his lif dawe 415 

Helde honour & treu)>e • ase riii was & la we 

po hit was al wel ido • & nywe pes icome 

pis due & alle o)>ere • J'annes wende at frome 

At dunstaple hi come • nout longe after J?is 

pe king & due henri . to gadere eft ywis 420 

& nout longe per after • pis due leue nom 

& to normandiie • ywende mid god won 

& wel faire vnderfonge • of his moder he was 

Of his breperene & alle • & non Avonder hit nas 

■^ute were summe aboute • men of pis londe 4*25 

To maki^e eftsone worre • pat god ^if ham schonde 



411. Hi comen'] Thei come 3. ase] as )>e /3. het] bad ; 
comande e. 

412. Barons Sf his erls] His erles & barons 8 ; His barons & his Erles 
his] also j3. i>Hdere] J>ider J^ei ;8. 

41-3. Sf homage] Bo\>e homage /3. 

414. Hi dude] Hui dude 5 ; Thei duden to j8. pe leste] bo}) pe leest f . 
Sf i>e] and also pe /3. 

415. dawc] day 7e. 

416. Helde] Hulde 5; Thei ^aue e. lawe] lay y. 

417. po] Whenne /8. hit] al bi^ e. al wel] as vre\ ; om. e 
icome] nome /8. 

418. pannes ivende] J^eus wente j8 ; Jeanne S ; fro Jennys went e. at 
frome] to frome /3e ; at t-e frome 5. 

419. At] And to j3 ; And so to e. dunstaple] Dunstable /8e. 

420. henri] Harry e. to c/adere] to gidre B ; to geder e. eft] ' 
efte sonys j8 ; efte sones t)ei mette e. 

421. per after] after j8; here after e. /ewe] his leue e. 

422. §' to normandiy] And to Normandie han ;9 ; To Normandy he 
went e. ywende mid god won] with gret wone come /3 ; jTseude vi\p 
won S ; -vi'ip moehe folke & gret wou e. 

423. ^ wel] And ryjt j8 ; Wel 5. 

424. Of] And of e. ^ a//e] also 0. ^- non] and no |8 ; no 5. 
hit] om. /8. 

425. summe] men 7. ?«e;;] sume 7. 

426. maA/tc] make /35e. e/>sowe] eft sonys /3 ; eft soones 7 ; efsone 5. 
worre] werre ;8 ; worj^e 5. ^z/Aazn] ^eue hem 5. 



App. XX.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 867 

To ^enst clue henri • & to stephne ]?e king 
pe king of hare conseil • ne dude no )>ing 
Ac vuelede ]>ev after • & sone ded lay 

Ar alle halewene tj-d • J;ane eite);e day 430 ^^ortuus 

At faiieresham in pe abbei^e • ibured he was ywis phanus." 
Bi his wif & his sone • ^ut pev his bodi is 
Miiche wo «fc sorewe • on his time was in londe 
Vor )?er is vnkimde king • is ofte gret schonde 
In ]>e nineteo]7e tere • of his crouning 435 

pus come to de)?e • stephene oure king 
& in pe enleuej?e hundred • & vifti ywis 
& pe vifte}>e ^ere of grace • ago was al ]7is 
A FTER due henri • to normandiie me sende 

To fonge J>is kinedom • ]?at he hider wende 440 
& seue wike j^er after • to |?is lond he com 
To fore midewintere • & feng |;is kinedom 



427. To ^enst'] Ajenst ; To -,en?te 5; Aiens e. henri] Harry e. 
^] om. 5. 

428. of hare] aftir here jS ; after his y. ne dude] ne dede : he 
dude e. 

429. Ac vuelede] But eueled ; He was syke f. \)€r after] anoon 
after e. /a?/] he lay e. 

430. Ar] Or ; By fore f. alle halewene tyd] A Ihalwentide /3 ; Al- 
halo-vventyde y. i>ane eite\>e] Jje Eijtene j8 ; Jje ey%t e. 

431. faueresham'] Feuerisham 0. ibured] buried j9 • I beryed ». 

432. tvif] lyfe y. yvt i>er] \>eT jit e. 

433. ow] in /8f. londe] J>is londe e. 

434. \>er is] J?er J^at is an /3 ; where an e. vnkunde] vncunde 5; vnkynde 
j86. ofte] of |8 ; Jjer is ofte e. 

435. nj'nf/eo^e] nitej>e 5 ; nyntene ye. %ere] jeer ^is was y3e. 

436. come] he come f. de\>e] >e dej^e 5. o!«e] that sumetyme 
was oure y. 

437. if] om. 7. iM))e] om. S, enleite\>e] Elleuene /3 ; endleue 5; 
eleuefi e. 

438. Sf' \>e] Of ^e «. viftei>e] fifte^e ;8 ; fiftene 7; fifte 5 ; cm. e, 
''.9°] ■"■ go ^• 

439. Aenri] Harry e. me se7ide] men sent /3e. 

440. /on^e] come & fonge e. weride] wente /Sf. 

441. ^] Ane 5. sewe wike] seuen wike jS ; seue wiken 5 ; seuene wj-kes e. 
>er fz/Ver] after 5 ; here after 6. lond] londe y8. 

442. To /ore] Afore 0. Si' feng] and fonge ; to fon^e e. 

3 I 2 



868 



THE CHRONICLE OF 



[App. XX. 



His wif &5 his bre)?erene • hidere eke wij? won 

Mid heize folc come • as hi auto to don 

To king he was iblessed • at londone ywia 445 

& iset in trone • mid gret ioize & blis 

pe bisschop of cantnrburi • theobaud mid his 

honde 
Croimede ]?is henri • king of engelonde 
pe laste day of leniuer • in ])e suhie iere 
pe king bi elianore • hadde ane sone here 450 

Henricus. pat henri was ihote • & se|?]?e after J>is 
Matiide. God ham sende one douter • ])at mold het ywis 
Richarde. Ane sone eft hi hadde • Richard was his name 

pat se]7])e wax after • man of gi'ete fame 
Galfride. & eft ]?ane ]?ridde • Geffiei his name was 455 

pat erl of briiteine • se)?]?e was bicas 
Of grace enleue hundred • & two & sixti ter 
Thomas was isacred • ]>e kinges chanceler 



443. bre];>ere)ie1 brej'er j8 ; brej>eren 5e. afie] also )8. eke wi\> 
woiil yfi\> him also he wonue e. 

444. Mid Jici^e'] Many hi^e e. f"lcl follie /3 ; folke ye. come'] 
■wi}? him come e. 

445. To] To the y; To be e. iblessed] blessed )8. 

446. Sj'] He was e. iset] sette (i, in trone] ine throne S ; in his 
trone /3 ; in his maieste e. 

447. theobaud] Teband P. 

448. Croujiede] Crowuyd )>us 0. lienri] Harry e. kiiicf] to 
king 5. 

449. leniuer] leneuer |8 ; laniuere e. K'] I'^t e. snhie] selfe'/S. 

450. pe] ByJjeS; om. 7. hi'\ om. 5. elianore] Elyanore his 
wyff 6. hadde] ybar S ; he had e. ane] aune 5 ; a /3e. 

451. henri] Harry e, ihote] eallid /3 ; I cleped e. se}f>)>e] si>>en /3 ; 
Jjan e. 

452. sende one] sent a /3. hct'\ hi^t /3 ; I cleped e. 

453. Ane] A j8 ; 5; And a uoj^er e. eft] om. e. 

454. pai se)>J?e %va.x] And sijjsn was /3 ; Whiche bycorae e. a//er . 
fame] a man of ry^t worH fame e. 

455. eft \>ane] efte soone Jje y8 ; eft >e S, Geffrei] GiflPray p. 

456. er/] was Erie e. bruieine] buteine a. ; Brutayne ^. sejij)e 
was] sij>en was )S ; si^jje e. 

457. ^race] om. jS. e?i/e!<e] Elleuen /8 ; endleue 5 ; a eleuen f. 

458. isacred] sacrid ;8. 



Apr XX.] robert of Gloucester. 869 

pe |)ridde ^er j^er after • ]>at ido was al ]?is 

Hi hadde ^iit one douter . |;at lohane het ywis 460 lohauna. 

pat ]?e king of cypre • to quene fiirst nom 

pe erl of seint gyle • to wyue He])])e nom 

pe fiirste ^er J^er after • o child ham com ^et 

&j ]>o he was ifoUed • Ion bi name het lohannes 

What halt hit longe telle • sones he hadde [v]yue 465 

& eke J>re doutren • by elianore his wyue 

Vor hi were summe ibore • ar he king were 

pulke were stille • anempned J'at hi nere 

He taf He]>])Q o douter • as ich tolde er ]?is 

pe king of cipre • on o|?er • 'pe king of spaine ywis 470 

pe due of saxoine • ]7e |?ridde he ^af ])o 

pus he laf ]?es doutren • J70 nadde he non mo 

Willam his furste sone • he was ^ong ded er 

pat bore was ar he were • kin^ of londe her 

459. J3e] pat S. )>er after} here after e. ido] doun j3 ; do 5, 

460. ^Ht 07ie] jit a /8. hc(] hi)t fi. 

461. cypre] Ipre jS. queue'] hiswyff€. nom] he noine e, 

462. pe] Whiche \>e e. to ivi/tie sejjjjc] sijjjjc to wyft' e. scJjJjc] 
sithe ; se»e hu 5. 

463. pejurste] The fer>e 13 ; pat furst 5, i>er after] J)e after « ; here 
after e. Juiin com yet] j^ei had jit e. com] co a. 

464. Sf] cm. e. J>o] wheune 0. he] hit 5. ivas ifolled] was 
fuUyd j3 ; baptyjed was e. loii] lohan fi. bi name liet] by 
name he hijt /3 ; his name het S ; his name hyte e. 

465. halt hit] schuld it P ; halt S, telle] to telle yS ; tale S. 

466. eke] also /3. doutren] doujtres P. 

467. hi were su7Hme] somme were horn P ; hui were summe ibore 5 ; some 
of hem were I bore e. ar] or ^e. king tcere] was kyng here e. 

468. pulke . . , Jiere] Wherfor \>ei hen nojt rehersed in J^is story here e. 
U7iempned.] nempned /S ; anemd 5. 

469. He] And /3. )«/] jaue e. se]>J>e] sitheu H ; om. €. o] 
his e. toWe] haue tolde e. er] ar S ; a litel bifore /3e. 

470. pe] To \>Q 13. on o)>er] anoj^er /3e. \>e] to he e. 

471. pe] And to \>e e. saxoine] Saxouye y3e. ^'^Z ] ^^1"^ /3e. 
MO?t wto] no mo /35e. 

472. Jrt/] jaue j3e. h^s f/oM<re?«] j^ise doujtres /3 ; J^us doujtren o ; his 
doujtters e. ^o] han /3. nadde] hadde ;8 ; had e. ?Jo?i] no ^e. 

473. Ae] while he e. c/erf] he dj-de e. 

474. pat . . . her] Anoon after he was I bore & or his fader was kyng of 
his londe here a. bore] born /3. ar] or /3 of] on 5, 



870 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

Coronacio pe king let crouny henri • his sone foli wis 475 

'^^l^" pat nom ])e kinges doiiter • of france j^at het 
lewis 
Enleue hundred ^er • seuenti and on hit was 
Fram godes bur]>timc • ]?at slaye was seint thomas 
And ]>e seuente)?e • of jje kinges kinedom 
pat scint thomas ]>c bisschop • to )?e de]> com 480 

In )mlkc suliie ^ere • ]ye king to yrlonde wende 
In )?e monj7e of octobre • and se]?)>e in may horn 

kende 
pe nexte zer ]>eY after • aton ymad he was 
Mid ]?e cardinales of rome • of j^e de]? of seint 

thomas 
In j^ulke sulue ter • as god ^af j^at cas 485 

[St]anleye pe abbei^e of stanlye • furst y fonded was 

pe king taf his sone richard • gascoyne ywis 
Mo sones he Jjoute ^ute • auaunci after )7is 



475, 476, inserted in S after line 486. 

475. let crouny'] lete croMTie /3 ; dude cro-\vne «. Iicnn"] Harry 6. 
foli wis'] I wis $ ; after J)is S. 

476. 7iom] toke /3 ; toke to wyS e. lict] hiit /8. lewis] Lowis /3. 

477. Enleue] Elleueu /8 ; endleue S; In l^c eleuen e. 

478. Fram godes bttr]>timc] Fro ]>e byrj^e of crist e. hur);>time] biutime 
S. \>at . . . thomas] )?at seynt Thomas Isleyne "nas e. \>at slaye] 
}>at slayn ; \>o sleyje 5. scint] seyu 8. 

479. And |>e] In }>e /8 ; And 5 ; And in Jje e. seuentel>e] seueu- 
tu]>e ^ere 5; seuentene ^eer e. \>e] i>is 8. 

480. Ipat] om. 5. \;e bisschop] ercbebisschop o. to \>e] i>us to 
S; to 6. 

481. ]}uUie sulue] J>ilke same (3 ; j^at self f. tcende] \>e wey nome l3. 

482. /?(] om. 5. kende] come /3 ; a^en he kende «. 

483. J?e] >at 6. yr] om. i. \>er after] here after e. aton] 
atone 06. ymad] made 0. 

484. >e] om. 5. of] at 0. o/^e] for he /8 ; for 7. 

485. \)ulhe sulue] l^ilke same /8 ; ]/at same e. 

486. stanlye] stanle ; stauleye 5 ; Stanley e. y fonded] founded /3 j 
yfiinde 5. 

487. Ve king . . . ywis] And his sone richarde garscoyne he iaf hira 
i-ffis 5. iq/'] ^aue to e. 

488. i»/o . . yite] ^it his o>er soiies he )>ou^t e. auaunci] to 
avaunce /3€ ; auansy 6. 



Apr XX.] Robert of Gloucester. 



871 



Geffrei ]?e |7ridde • ]7es erles doutev nom 

Of bruteyne & mid hure • veng |7an eiidom 490 

Bi ]7isse wyue sej^j^e • o sone him was icome 

Fair child & noble • arthur was his nome [Ajrthur. 

O douter eke to gadere • hi hadde after jns 

Hure name was ihote • elianore ywis 

King henri ^af yrlond • Ion his owe sone 495 

& so he dude more • ]>e erldom of mortone 

Of grace enleue hundred • eiiteti & j^re ^er 

pe ^onge henri ];at was • in londe icrouned her 

pe seuene & twenti)?e ^ere • of his fader kinedom 

Bo]7e in strif & in contek • mid liis fader he com 500 

Bitwene geffrei his bro]?er • & his fader also 

In jmlke sulue ^er • sumdel Avas striuing ]70 

Ac ]?is ^onge henri • as god laf j^at cas 

Bigan sone vueli Be]>])e ■ so )?at ded he was 

Par auenture he was anuyd • of his fader lyue 

Vor coueitise of j^is londe • |7o he gan to stryue 



505 Mortnus 
henricus. 



489. Geffrei . . . nom] GeS'ray he )aue to }>e Erles doujtter of Brut- 
eyne 6. Geffrei] Gyffray /3. i>cs] )>is 8. 

490. Of . . . erldom] Aud wi}> bur he had J>at Erledome certeyue e. 
vony] fonge y8. \>an] jjane S ; J>e |8. 

491. Bi] And by e. se\>}f>e] si>en /3 ; oui. e. o] a e. him 
was icome] was to him I come e ; \>ei hadde same /3. 

492. Fair] A fayre e. nome] name 8. 

493. eke] also j3. to gadere] to gidre /3. 

494. ihote] yhete S ; calHd 0. 

495. henri] Harry t. L,n] iohau 5 ; to lohan p. 
fifte 5 ; ^ongest c 

497. enleue] elleueue H. eiyteti c^ ]>re] ei)ty audjne /8 ; & hre & ei^tty e. 

498. Ve] That f. henri] Harry e. londe] his bind e. 
crown3d /3 ; crowned e. 

499. twenti\>e] twentej^e 5 ; twenty fi. fader] t'adres /3. 
kyngdome /3. 

.500. in strif] strife ;8. in contek] couteke yS ; contecte «. 

he nome /S ; com 5. 
502. )t>ulke sulue] J^iike same P ; Ipun ulke 8 ; hat self «. was .striuing] 

he stryffyng was e. ho] do /8 ; I do e. 

504. Biyan . . . schhe] Laye a noon syke e. Biyan] Gan 5. vueli] 
■vuel 5 ; to euel /3. sehhe] sithe /8. so ha^] wherfor sone e. 

505. anuyd] agreuyd j8 ; auued 5 ; anoyed t. 

506. h's] his S. ho] J'an j8. yan'\ byganne e. 



nre] owen P ; 

t ei)tty 6. 
icrouned] 

lunedvm'\ 

he com] 



872 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

To lenst his owene fadere • god stildo him in jns 
So J?at ra);er )?ane he • ded he was y wis 
Seppe hit fel J?er after • ]>e king |?e dep noni 
})e sixe &5 J^rittij^e lere • of his kinedom 510 

Of grace enleue hiuidied • ieres hit was also 
tfo eiteti &5 nine • J;at he was ded so 
& at font euerard • ibured he was y wis 
Of king henries lyue • ]>& endinge is lo }^is 
l^ICHARD his sone ];at vlke ter • was ycroimed 
king 515 

pat noble man was after • & hende in alle j^iug 
Ac of his chiualeriie • who so wole y Avyte 
Rede on ]>e cronikes • |?at bu]? of him y write 
pat haj? maistre huwe • of howedene ywrout 
Vor al his chiualeriie • J^er inne is wel ibrout 520 

par fore on );is boke • nis hit noiit ywrite 
Ac of his endinge • me schal her inne ywite 



507. To ye7ist'] To ^enste S ; A^enst iSe. owene'] owe S, yod'] 
wherfor god e. stilde] stillede fi. 

508. ]>a7ie Ae] ]>au his fader e. 

509. Sejp^pe'] Sitheu /3 ; Aud si>>e e. \>er after'] here after €. >e] 
i>&t j>e j8. kmy ]>e de);>] dethe the kyuge 7. )>e de\>] to de)' e, 

510. J3e] lu Jje e. Yritti]>e] >ritti /8. 

511. enleue] Elleuen y3. ■^ercs] yev 5; ^eer e. also] a go /3 ; \>o i. 

512. eiteti Sf nine] eijteti & ui^ene S ; nynne & ei)tty e. 

513. font] Founte /3. ibured] buryed /3 ; I beryed e. 

514. henries] Harryes e. )pe endinyc is lo] Joo l^e endyug here is e. 
is lo] lo is ^. 

515. Richard .... A/hi/] pat ulke jer was richard liis sone ycrouned 
king 5. ycrouned] crown3'd y8. 

516. noble man ivas after] noble was & doujty man 0; was noble man Ik, 
dou^tty e. 

517. of his .... ivole y irytc] who so wole of his cheuahie knowe or 
wyte yS. 

518. Rede] Rede he 0. on] in /3. c;-o?(«Aes] Cornycles y8 ; Cronicles 
7 ; crenykes 5. bu\>] ben /8 ; bej> Se. ywrite] wryte 0. 

519. ha]> . . . howedene] maistre Hewe ha}> of Howdane /3 ; hauet> maister 
huwe of houedene S ; Master Huje Howdon of him ha> e. 

520. ibrout] brou^t j8. 

521. on] in e. 7»/s hit~] hit is /3. ywrite] wryte ;8i 

522. Omitted in 5. ywite] ywryte y8; 



Apr XX.] robert of Gloucester. 



873 



OCCISUS. 



Vor in ]?e teo]?e ^ere • of his croiminge hit Avas 

He bisegede ]>e castel • of chalons bi cas 

po was ]?ev o gadeling • berthram was his nome 525 

pat mid on arblaste • him schet at ])Q frome Rex 

He was ney j:ie depe • & bigan him vndcrstonde 

& makede Ion his bro]?er • eir of engelonde 

& of his o]^er londes • anon ri^t in ]?e stude 

& het alle J^at ]^er were • j^at feute him dude 530 

& eke alle l^e castles • ];at his were also 

Tate Ion his bro];er -his wille for to do 

& othony his neueu • he biqua]? after ]?is 

His tresor & haubercs • to habben mid ywis 

Saue of his tresor . j^at fur]?e part ]>o 535 

To his seruans & to poueres • for his soule to do 

po was |?is berthram • ibrout for]? anon 

pe king of him eschte • what hadde ich misdon 



523. teo\>e'] tube 8; teui>o 13. 

525. po] Thaune /3. her] >ei-m e. o] a ySe. berthram] 
bertram /8. 

526. paf] And e. on] an /3. arblaste] Aiblast /3 ; areblustt; 5. 
him schet] him schette /3 ; him shotte ye ; schet him S. at \>cJrome] 
Jjat was his bane e. 

527. Sf biyan him] & gan 5 ; berfor he by gaune him to e ; and bigan him 
to 7. 

528. ^ makede] And made /3 ; He made e. Ion] loliiie ^ ; lohan 5. 
eir] his heir 5. 

529. of] of al e. in J?e] in to >at e. stude] stede /8 ; stedde e. 

530. Ae<] hijt /3 ; he eomaunded e. >er tt'erc] were >er 5. /ei<<e 
//«»t] i'eoute him 5 ; bei him fewte j8 ; }jei to him fewte e. rf«<t/e] 
dede 0. 

531. eke alle] also with alle j8. 

532. 2'aA'f /o?/] Take lohan 5 ; To lohne ^. 

533. cy] And to €. 

534. haubercs] his hauberkes 7; haubels 5. «o habben mid ywis] 
bat was his /3 ; & al bat was his e ; to habben iwis S. 

535. )>at] be ;3€. fur\ye] surbe o. 

536. seruans] seruauut} s /8 ; seruaunttes e. to poueres] poueres 
pore men /Se. 

537. po] Than /3. berthram] Bertram )3. //»-om<] brou)t fi. 
638. <»/ Aim] at him 5. eschte] aschte S ; asked ^. /c/i] I 8. 



874 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX' 

pat ich ham ]7us aquold • sey me for whan hit 



IS 



pis berthram answerede • anon ri^t ywis 540 

Mi fader mid ]7ine honde • to |^e dej^e ]>o\i broutest 

& mine tweiie brej^eren • & me nou eke |70utest 

What euere be ]>i wille • do ])ou nou be me 

Noil for ]?i lu]?ernesse • ich habbe islawe |?e 

pe king hot me scholde • ^iue him anon 545 

On hundred schillinges • k, let him quit gon 

& fortaf him his dej? • ac o man for]> com 

& |)at J?e king nuste • to warde him he nom 

Vort ]>e king was of lyue • & to }?e de]?e icome 

& se)?)?e him let hulde • and honge at ).^e frome 550 

pe seue]?e day of aueril • ]>ai was wodnesday 

To fore palmesoneday • J^is king ]?us ded lay 

pe enlefte day ri;t • j^at ywonded he was 

pis gode king richard • lay ded ]7us alas 



539. ich ham] icham 5 ; I am /8e. aquold] slayn ^ ; I kylde e. me] 
to me € ; om. 6. for wha7)] for wham ; wherfor «. 

540. berthram] Bertram j8. answerede] answerd fi ; onswerede 5. 

541. ]pe] om. S. 

542. §•] Ac 5. mine tweiy] my two /3 ; myu tweyne e. me] of 
me fie. lion ehe] \>o\x ne fi ; l^ou now e. 

543. do \>ou nou] to do now j8 ; do nou J'ou 8 ; do nowe e. hi] be ^. 

544. ich habbe] I haue /3f. islawe] slayn P. 

545. het me] bad men $ ; comaunded hat men e. y''""] >eue ; 
^iuen 5. 

546. On] An /3 ; And on §. let him] lette 8. 

547. Sfforyif] He for^auc e. him] om. P. o man] a man a nooil e. ^ 

548. Sc] om. lit. niiste] ne wiste /3.; K'V of nyst e. <o ivarde] 
& toward e. ///»( he] him ne /3; hine 5. 

549. Vort] While ;8 ; Tort 5; For «. of li/iie] alyne ^ ; out of lyfF e. 
to] Yuto /3. 

550. ^' Sfh^f • • • frame] Tlierfor ht-i dude him holde & sij>en honged hat 
wycked gome e. sthhe] sithen |3. /f/ hulde] lete hede ^. 

551. seue]>e] seuen^e /3. uwdncsduy] wedenysday ^. 

552. 7o./we] Afore )3. h/s] he /3. h"s] om. 5. 

553. 554, omitted in /3. 

553. enlefte] endlefte 5 ; eleucuhe e. \>at ywonded he] after >at he 
wonded e. 

554. \>us] om. 6. 



ApP. XX.] ROBERT OF GLOUCESTER. 875 

Riit enleue hundred • & nyneti eke ywis 555 

& ni]?e lev of grace • ido was al |>is 

& in ]ie enlefte ^ere • of his crouning also 

& at font euerard • ibured he was ]>o 

I OHAN l?at was his broj^er • anon after bi cas 

pat eitete|7e day of ester • seint Marcus day ^at 
was ^^^ 

Igurd he was mid swerde • of normandi^e ywis 
In \>e chirche of reome • mid gret ioi^e & blis 
& water ]>e erchebisschop • of ]>e sulue stude 
In ]7an vlke day^e • ]>e offys he dude 
To king of engelonde • icrouned eke he was 565 

pe holi ]7orsdai ]fev after • as hit fel bicas 
Wei longe on his time • bi ]>& pope innocent 
Mid stronge entredite • j^is lond was ischent 
Vor ]>e erchebisschop stephne • of langintone ywis 
pat ])e king nolde fonge • ido was al );is 570 



555. Ri^t] In H e. enleiie] El\euen\>e /3 ; endeue 5 ; eleuen c Inrndrcd] 
hundred -^eer f. mjneti] nynne & nyuty e. c/et] also ^ ; om. ?. 

556. Sf] Of \>e e. "'H nyue P ; ni^e 8 ; om. e. ido] I 
doun j3, 

557. enlefte'} endlefte 3 ; elleuenj?e ^. 

558. af] at \>e 0. ibured he was} be buried was ; he was I heryed (. 
56()'. pat eitete\>e-\ The ei^te p. seint iMareus] seynt Markes ; seyn 

marchus 5. 

561. Ljurd he was}} Gurde he was H ; Was ygurd 8 ; I gyrde he was f. 
}iormandi-^e} Normande 0. 

562. reome} Rome /3 ; }>ume 6 ; Rowan €. 

563. water} WaUer e. W- sulue stude} \)e same stede ^ ; hat self 
stedde e. 

564. \>an vlke} t'at ilke /3. \>e offys he} himsulf j^at ofiis 5 ; \>q seruice 

he e. 

565. To} He crowned him e. icrouned eke he was} crowuyd also was 
he j8 ; in ^at place l^ere e. 

566. \>e} Apon J>e j3 ; In J>e e. \>er after} urn. /3e ; after 5. Ideas} 
to be /8 ; I lere e. 

567. Wei} Ry>t ; fol 5. oh J in /St. 

568. ischent} scheut /3. 

569. langintone} langwytoun lii. 

570. NO I'or whom t. ?(t</(/t] wolde no^t fi ; wold no)t c ido} 
donn j8. 



876 THE CHRONICLE OF [APP. XX. 

pe king to J^e pope • dude homage after ]>is 

To ^elde bi |;e ^ere • o ]?ousend pound ywis 

Aboute seuentene ter • of his kinedom 

Fram lyue to depe • Ion oure king com 

(fe in J7e heite chirche • of wirecestre ywis 575 

He was ibured faire • J?ar his bodi lut is 

Of grace twelf hundred • & sixtene ]>ev to 

^ereswereipasseJ • ar ]ns were ido 

tlENRI his sone com after • &; |;is lond ]'o 

nom 
& vifti Xer & sixe • huld ]?is kinedom 580 

& eke twenti dawes • & ded was ywis 
(Sz; ibured at westmunstre • p'er his bodi ^ut is 
per were on his time • two batailes on londe 
At lewes & at euesham • as ich vnderstonde 
pat were ihurd ilome • & ne buj? for ^ute nout 585 
per fore on ]ns boke • ne bu]? hi nout ywrout 



571. to \>e pope dude homage'] dude homage to ]}e pope «. 

572. >e] cm. )8. o] oo ^ ; a e. 

573. Aboute'] In >e «. 

574. Fram] ffro e. 

575. m] cm. e. i>e heiye] J^e jSe ; i>o heyo 5. ivirecest/e] Worcestre 
j3 ; Wyrcestre 5 ; Worcetter e. 

576. ibured /aire] faire buried ;8 ; feyre I beryed e. >«r] J^er /3 ; 
Jjat S ; where e. yU] )it j8. 

577. Of] Of ^e )eer of e. tivelf] twelue 13. 

578. Xeres] The jeres e. ipassed] apassed /3e. ar] or /8e. were] 
was 5f. /(/o] do ^. 

579. Henri . . . a/<e»] po com his soue henry 8. Henri] Harry e, . 
Jjo] J'an j3 ; om. S» 

580. /«?</rf] helde jS ; he helde e. 

581. eke] also /3. Jawes] daies |3e. ^- (/etf] }jan deed 
he €. 

582. ^ ibured] He was I beryed e. i>er] where e. 
683. o?«] in j8e. o?*] la j3 ; in J^is e. 

584. ^<] Of S. a<] om. S. ?"c//] I I3e. 

585. 2^2<rf/ Home] harde longe |3 ; I herde of wyde e. Sf ne] & ^it ne 
/3 ; wherfor J>ei e. iwl"] ben ; be> Se ; be y. for ^ute 7iout] 
for ^ete uou^t |3 ; nojt for^ete e. 

586. o?t] in iSe. »ie 6m)) hi] ue ben hei yS ; ne be they 7 ; |>e bejj e. 
ywrout] Avrou)t j8 ; I wrytte e. 



Apr XX.] Robert of Gloucester. 877 

Of grace twelf hundred • «fe two &; seuenti ^er 
Ded was ]?e king henri • ase ich seide nou er 
T^DWARD his sone was ]>o • man of gret pris 

At westmunstre icroimed • strong king & wis 590 
pat of \>e wehsche londe • clanliche al out 
I wan ]>e seignori^e • nere hi no so ]3rout 



587. twelf] twelue 3 ; twolf 5. c^ tivo] two 5. 

588. was \>e hing henri] he -wasjjis kyng Harry e. ich seide nou er] I 
seide ^ow eer /3 ; ich seyde ^er 5 ; I seid to ^ou er e. 

589. ivas ]po] Jjan was /3 ; \>o was e. man] moii 5. 

590. ivestmunstre] Westmenstre fi. tcrouncd] crownj-d /3 ; he was I 
crowned e. ^- wis] was I wys e. 

591. \>e icelische] Walsche /3; )>e Walsshe e. ckaiiiche] clenliche 13. 

592. I urin] He wan /8. nere hi no] were JjcI neuer /8, 



GLOSSARY. 



GLOSSARY. 



The references are to the numbers of the lines. Letters which follow the numbers refer 
to the MSS. quoted in the notes. Letters which precede the numbers refer to the 
Appendix. The numbers in squire brackets refer to the lines inserted from the 
Harleian MS., pp. 347-.358. When several MSS. have the same reading the first- 
mentioned is alone quoted. 



A. 

A. He. 3826. They. 3065 B. 

A. On, in, at. A t?is alf = ou this side. 
5579. A witesoneday = on Whitsunday. 
3118. 6816. A childermasse day. 7172. 
A tuelfte day. 7267. A sein cali.xtes 
day. 7514. A child bedde = in childbed. 
7789. A witesonetyd=at Whitsuntide, 
3882; a lanmasse = at Lammas, 4111. 
A winter, = in winter, 1004 ; a se = at 
sea, 2208 ; a lond = on la ,d, 2208 ; 
ajere=in the year, yearly, 2209; a 
Latin = in Latin, 4698. 

A or An, used with numerals. A fyf- 
tene, 6405 ; an tventi, 644 ; an -vif, 770 ; 
ane four hondred, 1017 ; an ei^tetene, 
1427 ; an ten myle, 3499 ; a nye jer, 
3862 ; an six >ousend, 4292 ; an fourti 
jer, 4727 ; a j^ousend ^er, 6637 ; an tuo 
jer, 7574. 8861 ; an seuentene ^er, 9235 ; 
an jeres vewe, 9530 ; an ^eres to, 9818. 

Abac. Aback, backward. 2789. II 75. 
XX 332. 

Abast. In bastardy. 8785. 8878. 10629. 
XX 161. 

Abated. A doubtful word. For ' Abated 
hom ' the Harleian MS. has ' Abatede 
hem ' (&£> Errata), and the MS. in the 
Heralds' College ' Ordeyned hem.' 1127. 
Abatede. 1127 a. 

Abatie. To abate. 1241. Abati^e. 
1241 a. Abaty. 1241 B. pret. Abatede. 
2266. 

Abbasse. Abbess. 7624 a. 

Abbates. Abbots. 7720 B. 

Abbe, pres. 1 s. Have. 281. htf. 370. 
1 pi. 4906. 5407. 2 pi. Anut)). 4.375. 
Spl. AbbeJ>. 2254. 6828. prel. Avon. 
35441. 



Abbed, Abbot. 9172 B. 

Abbei. Abbey. 6657. Abbei^e, 9054 o. 

Abbet^e. 6657 a. pi. Abbeis. 6508. 
Abbod. Abbot. 8564. 9172. gen. s. 

Abbodes. 11587. pi. Abbodes. 3116. 

7720. 
Abbotes. Abbots. 3116 B. 7720 C. 

Abbot's. 11587 C. 
Abece. a. B. C. the alphabet. 5393. 
Abeije. To suffer for. 8017 )8. 
Abenciie. On bench. 2525. 
Abeyed, 3 ^/. Bowed, yielded. 1750)3. 
Abide. To await. 11685. Abide, pre^ 

3 s. 7381. 
Abit. Habit, monastic dress. 2305. 3161. 

8943. 
Abi)e. To bow. 2239 j3. 
Ablexde To blind. 8401 /8. Ablende, 

pret. 3 s. 4230. Ablent. 4230 e. 
Ablode. Bleeding. 11561. 
Abod, 3 s. Abode, remained firm. 7015. 

Waited. 7656. 10099. 
Abot, 3 s. Abode, awaited. XX 155. 
Aboude, 3 s. Bowed, yielded. 6316 C. 

Abou^de. 6316 a 
Aboute, 3 s Bought. 6742 a. XX 30. 
Aboctein. About. 256 B. 
Abouten. About. 29 a. 258 B. 467 B. 2227. 
Abouye. To bow. 4388 B. 
Abou^t, 3 s. Bought. 6742 y3. 
Abowe. To bow, yield. 1750 B. 1852. 

2239 5. 4820 a. 6590. pret. 3 s. Abowed. 

6141 /3. 6316,8. Abowfde. 6141 C. 

S pi. Abowed. 1750 5. 
Abowi)e. To yield, submit. G 87. 
Abowgut, ;.?•e^ Suffered. 1157 5. 
Abo)T.^;.d. Bought. 1827.6364. 
Aboute. pret. 3 s. Bought. 6742. 

3 K 



882 



GLOSSARY. 



Abroc. 5256. For ' al abroc ' the other 

MSS. read ' al abrod,' ' as a broke,' &c. 
Abrod. Abroad. 9791. 
Abrod, Flat, sprawling. 7014. 
Abxjdb, pret. 3 s. Bowed. 1058. 
Aeue. To bow. 4820 B, 
Abue>. Boweth. 3997. 
Abuide, 3 s. Bowed, yielded. 6316. 

Abutde. 9783. 
Abuije. To bow. 2239 a. 
Abdte. To bow. 1852. 2239. 4 388. 4820, 

pret. s. Abutede. 6141. pr. p. Abu- 

YiNDE. 6147. Aboutnde. 6147 B. 
Abutjde. 3pL Bowed, yielded. 1750 a. 
Abyciie To suffer for. 8017 ">. 
Abye. To suffer for. 8017 5. 
Ac. But. 19. 100. XX 295, &c. 
AcELED,p.p. Sealed. 10643. 11020. 
Acelede, 3 s. Sealed up. 10198. 
A ..NTE. To assent. 2118 B. 
A CERTEiN. In certain, for certain. 1389. 
AcoLDE. Cold. 6580 S. 

COM. Came. 2680 B. 

CORCi. To curse. 5993. 
AcoRD. Agreement. 1483. 7970. 
A CORDED, p.p. Agreed. 1352. 6288. 

6319. 7988. 
AcoRDEDE, pret. 3 pi. Made accord or 

agreement. 352 yS. 7966. Reconciled. 

7985. AcORDED. 2042 S. 
AcoRDi. To make agreement. 1489. 6246. 

To agree. 6805. pres. 3 j)l. 6265. 
AcoRiE. To lament, suffer for. 8017. 

AcoRTE. 8017 C. AcoRi^E. 8017 a. 

pret. AcoREDE. Lamented. 1681. 
AcoRSY. To curse. 5993 B. pret. 3s. 

ACORSEDE. 9752. 
AcouPEDE,3s. Accused. 11292. Con- 
nected with 0. Fr. coupe, Lat. culpa. 
ACOTNTEDE. 352 B, 
ActiRSY. To curse. 5993 C. 
Adadntedb, 3 s. Daunted, subdued. 

1415. 7668. 
A D\Y. In the day. 2708. That day. 271. 

385. 453 a. 3977. 7488. 11695. One 

day. 5610. 5840. 5879. 8012. 9113. 

Adai. 10784. A Date. 3621 P. 
Adde, 3 s. Had. 114. 115. 225, &c. 2 s. 

Addest. 1251. 



Addren. Adders. 1007 )8. 
Adonward. Downward. 7470 B. 7474. 
Adoun. Down. 429. 803. 7229. 9785. 
Adrad. Afraid. 919. 1227. 2010. 8644. 
Adradde. Afraid. 919 a. XX 305. 
Adrawe. To di-aw. 584. 586. 4219. pret. 

3 s. Adrou. 6194. imp. 2 pi. Adrawe)?. 

7450. p.p. Adrawe. 6193. 
Adratnt, 3s. Was drowned. 8285 y. 
Adreincte, 3 s. Drowned. 8607. Was 

drowned. 6831. p.p. 2111. 
Adreinte, /)ref. 3 s. & pi. Drowned. 556. 

652. 1186a. 6831a. 7889. 8607a. Was 

(downed, 926. 1910. Were drowned. 

8495. Adretnt. 556 B. 926 yS. 

Adreynte. 1186 B. Adeeyntte. 

6831 C. Adreintte. 8285. 
Adreinte, p.p. Drowned. 8287 a. 8289 o 

Adreint. 559. 2111a. 3537. 8287.8289 

8856. Adreynte. 926 5. 8287 C. 
Adrexciie. To drown. 1174.2204. 6384. 
Adrenciied, 3 s. Drowned. 632 5. 7889 5. 
Adrenct. Drowned, p.p. 1 L 91 a. pre/. 

3 s. Adrencte. 10043. 
AdrenctJ'E, 3.S. Was drowned. 6831 B. 
Adrent, 3 s. Was drowned. 8285 B. 

Drowned. 8607 C. 3 pi. Were drowned. 

Adrente, 8495 B. 
Adrentte, 3 s. & pi. Drowned. 7889 B. 

8607 B. Were drowned. 8495 C. 
Adrey'ntte, 3 s. Drowned. 10043 C. 
Adronge, p.p. Drowned. 8856 5. 
Adronke, p.p. Drowned. 8856 B. 
Adrou, pret. 3s. DrcM'. 1132. 1452. 

3841. 7081. 7564 a. 3p/. Adrowe. 6274. 
Adrounte, p.p. Drowned. 8289 S. 
Aduun. Down. 6970. 
Apalle. Fallen. 1537 a, 
Afalle^. Felleth. A16 j8. 
Afayty. To subdue. 3684. Afayti. 

3718. p.p. Afayted, 3683. 
Afear. To frighten. 51 1 S, 
Afeld. Afield XX 260. Afelde. XX 

2G0/3. 
Afelle. To fell. 1662 ;3. 
Afenge. Received. 862 ?. 
Aferd. Afraid, frightened. 159. 1223 a. 
230S. Aferde. 1223/8. 



GLOSSARY. 



883 



A FEKE. Afar. 1164 ;3. 

Afere. To frighten, terrify. 425. 511. 

5015. 10363. pret. Aferde. 5024. 

Afeeed. 5024 5. 
A FERRE. Afar. II64 5. 
Affaite. To subdue. 3684 5. 3718 ^. 
Affaiti. To subdue. 3718 a. 
Affere. To frighten. H 148. 
Affermed. ;jre^. Fortified. XX 133/8. 
Afix. In the end, at length. 1865. 
Afonge. To receive, accept. 4007 5. 

8880 C. p.2>. 10683 C. 
Aforcede. v. rejl. pret. 3 s. andp/. Ex- 
erted himself or themselves. 2571. 

6602. 
Afokward. In front. 393 B. 
Afouled, p.p. Defiled. 8971 j8. 
Afoure. In four parts. BB23. 
Afsenpe. To send for. 3114 a. XX390. 

p.p. Afsend. 2249 a. 3317 a. 
Af soute, 3s. Besought. 8882 a. Af 

soujTE, 8882 5. 
Af TAKE,p./>. Overtaken. 8568 5. 
After, adv. Afterwards. 847. 
After sende, 3 s. Sent after. 6478 5. 

inf. 7355 a. 
Af^ofte, 3.?. Repented. 5430 a. 
Afuire. On fire. 1580 a. 6281 a. 
Afulle. To fell. 1662 a. 
Afure. Afire, on fire. 1580. 6281. 6890. 

7805. 11223. 
Afuest, adv. First. XX 364. 
Agaste. To frighten. 405. 1204. 3414. 

pret. 3 s. 5556. 7954. 9959. p.p. 575. 

1150. 7465. 11598. 
Agox, p.p. Gone. 377 a. 811. 1805. 
Agonne, p./j. Begun. 11771. 
Agrise. To be frightened (followed by 

of). 9510. pret. 3 s. Agros. 11431. 

11743. p.p. Agrise. 11178. 
Agrotjnde. On the ground. 7764. 
Agulte. To offend. G 222. Agult. 

G 222 /3. pret. 3 s. II 5. Agilte. 11 5 j3. 

p.p. Agult. 5047. xVgylt. 5047 y. 
AniTTE. 3 s. Hit. 3825. 
Aien. Against, opposite to. 148. 149 

268. &c. 
AiSELiciiE Easily. 7470 a. 
Akelde, 3 s. Cooled, chilled. 9112 
Akelede, 3 s. Chilled. 9112 C. 



Akxe. On knee. 920. 1335. 2514. 6970. 

Akneo. 920 a. 2514 a. 6270 a. 
Al, adv. Altogether. 1535. 1710. 7652. 

7875. Ae a jer. 10528. 
Aeaste. To last. 1962 /3. 
Albowe. Elbow. 10827 C. 
Albusy. Scarcely. 1801. For ' Ac 

albusy were it ten jer,' the Heralds' 

College MS. quoted by Hearne has 

' Unuethe was hit ten yer.' 
Al clene. Entirely. 47. 567 B. C4.">2. 

Al & CLENE. 567. 
Aldest. Eldest. 4790 B. 
Alegge. To alleviate. 8720. 
Aler, gen. pi. Of all. 997 B. 
Aleres. 3969 5. -'^ee Alures. -^ 
Aletd, p.p. Laid aside. 3029. 
Alete. To alleviate, lighten, hi 20 ?. 
Aleyed. Allied. 14997. 
A LEYjE. Aflame. S 12 5. 
Alf. Half, part, side. 4312. 11382. In 

is alf = on his part. 3952. A uour alf 

= in four parts. 5942. In eij>er alf =-on 

either side. 6947, In is moder alf. 

7058. In is fader alf. 7059. 
Al haleweyn. Allsaints'. 8601 C. Al- 

IIALWEXE. TT 2. 

Alhalowe. Allsaints'. 8601 y. 

Alied, ;).;}. Allied. 1499. 

All\nce. Alliance. 1985 B. 6439. 

Aliadnce. 1985 yS. 5963 ^. 
Ali-^t, p.p. Alighted. 7261. 
Ali^te, pre<. 3s. Sep/. Alighted. 3027. 

5731. 8981. 
Ali^tinge, sb. Alighting. 8859. 
Allaboute. All about. 29 S. Alla 

eowte. 467 5. Allabowten. 258 5. 
Alle bo}>e. Both. 6355)3. 
Alle halewene. Allsaints'. 8601 a. 

Alle halwen. 11214. 
Alle ilvlwe eve. Allsaints' eve. 9537. 
Alle halwentid. Allsaints' day. 8601. 

Alle halwetid. 10162. 11808. 11961. 

All iialewexe tyd. XX 430. 
Aller mest. Most of all. 1020. 
Alles. Altogether. 400. 15G2. 2614. 6567. 
Alle soule day. Ail souls' day. 7670. 
Alle hiXG mest. Most of all thin"'s. 
150 5 Alle jjinc.e iiksv. 6 7:5 7, 

3 K 2 



884 



GLOSSARY. 



Allinge. Altogether. 1103. 

Al longe dxy. All day long. 3621. 

10491. 
Allok verste. First of all. 5220. 
Almes. Alms. 6780. Almesse. 6780 B. 
Almesdede, ph Almsdeeds. 10251. 

10815. 
Al mest. Almost. 1800. 7014. 7184. 7990. 
Al mtti. Almighty. XX 330. 
Alne, ace. s. All. 1364. 
Alne WEI. Always. 2325 a. 
Alonde. adv. To land, ashore, by land. 

22. 484B. 1948. lu the land. 869. 1612. 

2387. 7109. On land. 6273. Alond. 

343. 359. 3564. 4178. 7206. 
Al one. Alone, only. 137. 4215. 5743. 

5850. 6400. 
Alonlt. Only. 3953)3. Allonly. 3953 7. 
Al oo. Alone. 6400 j3. 
Al out. Entirely, utterly. 545. 610 B. 

1237. 2330. 2573. 3838. 7987. 8000. 
Aloute. To bow, stoop. 9785 
Alre, ^CH. pi. Of all. 997. 3217.2865. 

7626 a. On aire midde=in the midst of 

all. 1910 a. Aire best. 4508. Aire furst. 

5220 a. Her aire heued. 6709. Hare aire 

londes. XX 272. 
Alremest. Most of all. 686 a. 1020 a. 
Al so. As, as though. 189 a. 236 a. 

718 a. 2356 a. 3717 a. 8437. 
Al so. Quite so. 679. 6795. 
Al so GOD. As well. 3861. 
Al so wel. As well. 11766. 
Al >ei. Although. XX 81. 
Al)>ermest. Most of all. 686 &. 
Al>er, gen. pi. Of all. D97/3. 5220 5. 

7626)3. 
Al)5ER mest. Most of all. 1020 /3, 
AlJ'Ermoste. Most of all. 686 S. 
AlJjtnge. Altogether. 1103 5. 
Al to. ' Dude al to robberie,' committed 

robbery everywhere, robbed generally. 

1)225. 
Al to, an intensive adverb in the phras;es, 

Al to rajje, 6329 ; Al to pouere, 6738 o ; 

Al to soJ>e, 6740 ; Al to long, 9235 ; Al 

to longe, 11031; Al to muche, 8I4.T ; 

Al to gone, 9007 ; Al to wel, 9639. 
Al to brake, 3 pi. Brake in pieces, E 7 7. 



Al to braste, 3;;/. Bur.st in pieces. E 7 /3. 
Al to buusedk, 3 />/. Bruised violently. 

5832 /3 
Al to claf, pret. Clave quite asunder. 

401a. Al to CLEEF. 375 j8. 
Al to dasshed, 3p/. Dashed in pieces. 

9014 6. 
Al to drawe, p.p. Torn in pieces. 8729. 
Alto drof, 3 s. Drove asunder, was 

dashed in pieces. E 8. 
Al to droue. Were scattered. XX 121 p. 
Al to no^te. All to nought. 5466. 5594. 

8590. 9434. 
Al to raced. Torn to pieces. 524 B. 
Al to ranged. Torn to pieces. 524. 
Al to rased, p.p. Cut to pieces, mangled. 

4412 e. 
Altosi'Rad, p.p. Scattered. 7472. 
Al to spredde, 3p/. Were scattered. 

XX 121. 
Altjemon. Half man, coward. 5797. 

5798. 7124 B. 
Aluendel. The half part. 98. 
Alures. Walks upon the battlements of 

a castle, 3969. See Willis, Architectural 

Nomenclature of the Middle Ages, §49. 
Altaunce. Alliance. 277a. 
Altffe. Alive. 9004 e. 
Amang. Among. 542. 
Amansy. To excommunicate. LL 1. p)res. 

3 s. Amanse}>. 9751. 10314. pret. 3s. 

Amansede. 9746. 3 pi. 9526. 10178. 

p.p. Amansed. 6878. 
Amayd, p.p. Amazed, dismayed. XX 123. 
Ambesas. Double ace; the lowest throw 

of the dice. 1182. Ambes ase. 1182a. 

Ambsace. 1182 S. 
Amendi. To amend. 1318. 1346. 7194. 

9241. Amendy. 2568. Amende. 187. 

1240. 1651. pret. 3 s. Amendede, 

5496. 
Amendement. Amends, imprisonment, 

1242.5301. 
Ametk iiulle. Ant-hill. 5985. 
Ameten. Emmets, ants. 5985. 
Amidde, p?-ep. In the midst of. 8.6271. 

adv. In the midst. 24. 60. 318. 8181. 
A311RAIL. Emir. 8426. 8460. Amiral. 

8426 a. 8460 a. Amerel. 8426 ;8. 

8460 j8. Amrayl. 8426 B. (Errata). 



GLOSSAllY. 



885 



Ajiirail — cont. 
•pi. Amirails. 8290. Amirals. 8S90 a. 
Abierals. 8290 ;8. 

Among, arfi-. 3077. 3453. 5652. XX 17C. 

Amoraje. In the morning. 3627 B. 

AjMorewe. In the morning, on the 
morrow. 2709 a. 7843 o. XX 329. 
Amorwe. 2709.3337. 4323. 6529. 6338. 
7420. 7486. 7843 j8. XX 329 ^. 

Amouxti. To be of value, avail. 10214. 

Amperesse. Empress. XX 4. 

Ampeuije. Empire. 1627 a. 1887 o. 

Amperours. Emperor's. 2043 a. 

Ampercrs. Emperors. 44 a. 

Amptt. Empty. 943. Ampti. 1145. 

Amtt. Empty. 404. 943 B. 

Amtddes, p-f'p. In the midst of. 8/3. 

An before 'h.' An hei man, 213; an 
heiuol dede, 401 1. Before a consonant : 
an bataile, 269. 384. 3779. 6543 ; an 
dorter, 281. 605. 3376. 7568. 8783; an 
place, 331. 530 ; an strong ax, 388 ; an 
quointise, 445. 7464 ; an wode, 456 ; 
an vewe, 490. 11746; an twenti, 509; 
an priue stude, 600 ; an sone, 607. 6497. 
7628 ; an cite, 682 ; an kinge, 822 ; an 
bro]?er, 1107; an so heie kinge, 1166; 
an gode londe, 1204 ; an mon^e, 1369 ; 
an quointe drench, 1555; an dede, 
1606; an si^te, 1623; an gode sone, 
1696; an king, 1712.8510; an grete 
louerding, 1771; an croiz, 1901; an 
stronge dich, 1906; an churche, 1923 ; 
an tyde, 1963 ; an prince, 1984 ; an 
stounde, 2266. 2668. 4451 ; an >uong, 
2497 ; an castel, 2501. 2858 ; an tumbe, 
2617 ; an wile, 2623 ; an kinges dorter, 
2727 ; an nonnerie, 2728 ; an strange 
wounde, 2933 ; an sterre, 3177 ; an fole 
wille, 3341 ; an here, 3406 ; an si)t, 4191 ; 
an vatte barn, 4212 ; an stroc, 4281 ; 
an launce, 4404 ; an valeye, 4468 ; an 
bacheler, 4689 ; an longc tayle, 6216 ; an 
felawe, 6360 ; an feuestre, 6383 ; an dede. 
G545 ; an laddre, 68.30 ; an |>rowe, 7313 ; 
an fole dede, 7346 ; an longe dale, 7466 ; 
an drnpe, 7493; an compaynie, 8113. 
8363 ; an kni^tes heued, 8194 ; an such 



An — cont. 

stroe,8266; an wis child, 8854; anlouerd, 
8887 ; an to name, 8887 ; an name, 
8902 ; an castel, 8918 ; an queue, 8966 ; 
an vewe wordes, 8967 ; an bissopriehe 
9100; an bissop, 9100; an lampreyc, 
9114; an rop, 92 1 2 ;, an hare, 9384 ; an 
jeres vewe, 9530 ; an strong bataile, 
9837 ; an tricherie, 9989 ; an grete erles 
dorter, 101 1 1 ; an quarel, 1 1 100 ; an car- 
penter, 11103 ; an feble tij'inge, 11653 ; 
an naked man, 11662. 

An. And. 269. 6948. 6956. 7081. 7202. 

An. An honde = in hand. 61. 615. 6304. 
An hond. 743. 

An. An ert>e = on earth, 307. 6584. 6593. 
An alle soule day = on Allsouls' day. 
7670. An er>e = to earth, 463. 465. 
6351. 7521. An dede = indeed, 2823. 
An alle wise. 2215. J 0741. 

Anante me. 4034. The other MSS. have 
' ajte men,' ' au^te men,' or ' owjt men.' 

Anaunter. 7499. {)at anaunter uf euermo 
keueringe t>er of is = that it is a great 
chance if there is ever any recovery 
from it. 

Anauntre. Do anauntre = put in peril. 
4209. 6364. See Aunter. 

Anchantement. Enchantment. 324 a. 

Anchanteor. Enchanter. [89 B.] 

Ancre. Anchoress. 7808 B. Ankre. 
7808 a. Anker. 7808 j3. 

Ancres. Anchoress. 7808 C. 

And. If. 8845. 

And. An. 9852. 

Ane. a. 373. 4576 a. 

Akeer. Near. H 64. 

Anempni. To name, mention. G 150. 
pret. Anempnede. V 1. p.p. Anempned. 
XX 468. 

Aner>e. On earth. 952. 1072. 2919. 
7821. To earth. 6518. See An. 

Ane^ered, p.p. Brought low. 4434, 

An eve. In the evening. S 9. 

Anfermede, 3p/. Strengthened, for 
tified. XX 133. 

Angles. Angels. 5649. 



880 



GLOSSARY. 



Anguisous. Full of anguish. 3293. 4.555. 

5886. 
Anguissk. Anguish. 6235. 6259. 9111. 

ANGTTi'SSE. 3576. pi. Anguisses. 7204. 
Anguysche. Full of anguish. 3293 fi. 
Angavybchous. Full of anguish. 3293 5. 
Anhansi. To raise. 4075. Anhansy. 

4092. imper. 2 pi. AnhansieJj. 9412. 
Anhei. On high. 168. 396. 671. Anhey. 

1899.2749. 4141. 5746. 
Anhenge, 3r/. Hanged. 10689. 
Anhitte. To hit. 3825 k. An hytte. 

3825 B. 
An iiONDE. la hand. 1344. To hand. 

2680. 
An iiONGE. To hang. 10293. 11299. 
An honge, p.p. Hung. 8837. 10691. 

11295. 
An iionte>. A-huuting. 7710. 9113. 
An hontinge. A-hunting. 11857. 
An hokse. On horseback. 837. 4271. 

8244. 
Anhunge, 3 pi. Hung. 10477. 
An HUNTYNGE. A-hunting. 7710 5. An 

HUNTYNG. 9113 e. 

Ani^. By night. 5527. 6228. 11522. 

Anlas. a dagger or loi.g knife. 1122. 
Anles. 1122 B. 

Anne, accusative of the indefinite article. 
2171 a. 4576. G 61. One. 4601. 8266. 

Anniie. Annoyance. 2240 /3. 

Annon (?) Among. 2259. The other 
MSS. have 'among' or 'amonge.' 

Annoye. Annoyance. 2240 y. 

Annyed. Vexed, grieved. 1681 S. 

Anon. Eight on, uninterruptedly ; gener- 
ally used of time. 134. 177. 4520. Im- 
mediately. 7850. 8422. Anon so. Im- 
mediately after that. 7848. 7854. 

Anone, In none. Anone "wise = in no 
wise. 8944. 

An oniwak. Unawares. 10515. 10518. 
11863. 

Anon rites. Immediately. XX 136 

Anon kijt. Immediately. 4164. 9118. 

Anouki. To honour. 6520. pret. 3 s. 

Anourkde. 6454. 
An ouJ^ER. Another. 10110 C. 



Anowakde. Upon. 374. 397. 3842. 8660. 

Anoward. 4310.8660 0. 
An side. Aside. 6563. 
Anstond. To resist. 5421 B, 
Ansuerie. To answer. 1232. 2518. 2770. 

Ansuerye. 4006. 4054. Answeri^e. 

1232 a. 4054 a. Answere. 4054 /S 

Answery. 1232 i8. 
Antres. Adventures. 826 B. 
Anu. Annoyance. 8843 S. 8844 5. 
Anud, p.p. Annoyed, wearied. 2207. 
Anuid, p.p. Annoyed. 11195. 11464. 

11993. 
Anui^e. Annoyance. 2240 a. 
Anunuer, adv. Under. 4074 a. 
Anuy. Annoyance. 8843. 8844. Anuye. 

8843 C. 8844/8. 
Anuyd, p.p. Annoyed. 1223. 2207 a. 

9976. XX 505 (followed by o/). Anuid. 

10771. Axued. XX 505 5. 
Ani:ye. Annoyance. 2240. 
Anuyt, p.p. Annoyed. Hill. 
Any'e. Annoyance. 2240 B. 
Any'ed, p.p. Annoyed. 2207 B. 
Anys. Once. 5363/3. 
Any)?ered, p.p. Brought down. 4434 a. 
Anywe. Anew. 6510. 
ArAijE. To please. G86. Apayje. 

6331 a. 6423 a. p.p. Apaiede. 1077 )3. 

Apayde. 1077 8. Apayd. 2047 a. 

A PAID. 4812 C. Ai'AiED. 2047 ^. 2511 j3. 

Apayed. 2511 B. 
Apel. Appeal. 9705. 9706. 
Apert. Open. 10307. 
Aperteliciie. Openly. 7695. 
Apeyrede, 3 5. Injured. 5657. 
Apliyt, p.p. Fastened. Z 23. 
Aplijt. Wei apli)t=well equipped. 10517. 
Apoiseny. To poison. 6931 a, 
Apoisony', To poison. 6931. pret. 3 s. 

Apoysonde. 2606. Apoysenede. 

2606 a.. p.p. Apoysoned. 2841. A- 

PoisoND. 2842. Apoisoned. 3458. 
Apoisoun. To poison. 6931 7. 
Apon. Upon. 395 y3. 397 /8. 7734 /S, 
Aposony. To poison. 6931 C. 
Applen. Apples. 5747. Applene. 
1 5747 a. 



GLOSSARY. 



887 



Appulles. Apples. 5747 y. 
Ai'KiKiE. To spur. 11551. 11554. 
Ai'KisoNEDE, 3 *. Imprisoned. 9.'>21 C. 
Aqueynted noM = became acquaiutcd. 

352. 
Aquointanse. Acquaintauco. 67G0 a. 
Aquointe, p.p. Acquainted, intimate. 

Followed by to. 9547. 
Aql'OLI), ^.ja. Killed. XX 539. 
Aqweyntise. Acquaintance. 6769 /3. 
Alt. Their. 1188 a. 
Au. Ere, before. 203. 480. 3719. 0323. 
Arase, prei. 3 p/. Arose. 1140j8. 
AuBLASTE. Crossbow. 7735. 8132. XX 

526. Akblast. 11435. pi. Aiujlastes. 

11093. 
Arblasteus, Crossbowmen. 7753. 
Akchitemples. Chief temples. 1660 B. 
Ardy. Hardy. 2088. 
Are. Ere. 647 a. 867 a. 952 a. 3719 a. 

7881 5. 
Areblaste. Crossbow. 7735 a. 
Akecue. To reach. 5793 a. 
Arede. To read, explain. 2809. 
AuEDY. Ready. 7685 C. 
Areisonede, 3 s. Conversed with. 6560 a, 
Areue. To rear, raise, stir up. 36. 291. 

416. 466/3. 7383. 7529 C. pret. 3 pi. 

Auerde. 5737 13. p.p. Arered. 160. 

2185 a. Arekd. 7399. 
Aresuwned, 3 s. Conversed with. 6560/3. 

Aresoned. 6560 5. 
Areuen. Arrows. 8123 a. 
Arew. Timid. 9384 C. 
Arewe. In a row, in succession. 5035. 

6707. 6944. 
Arewe. Arrow. 8653 C. pi. Arewen. 

1119 a. 5037 a. H 71. Arewyn. .5037 C. 
Arise, pret. 3 pi. Arose. 1146. p.p. 

Arisen. 7608. 
Ariue. To land. 314. 415. 1955. 3563. 

Aryue. [88 B.] pre*. ARtuEDE.47&. 

p.p. Ariued. 4670. 
Ariui. To land. 10151. 
Arm. Harm. 8587. 
Arme, pi. Arms. 2927. 
Armeke. Armour. 3404 S. 4477 S. S195 5. 



Armi. To arm. 1446. 6270. 6534. 11687- 

Army. 3268. impcr. 2 pi. AkmeJj. 

428 B. 3587 B. Akmie]>. 428. ArmyeJ>. 

3587. 
Arm u RE. Armour. 8195. 8291. 
Akmyre. Armour. 2927 5. 
AuN 3 s Runneth. 9384. An error for 

' Aru, timid. Sec Arew. 
Arnde. Rode rapidly; lit. ran. 295013. 

6032. 6202. 7490 a. 8172. 11078 C. 

11 73. See Lajamon,ed. Madden, iii.470. 
Aros, 3 s. Arose. 5546. 8012. 8607. 9821. 
Aroute. To resist, make a stand. 922 a. 

7651a. S'ee At ROUTE. 
Arowe. In a row, one after the other 

6984 S. 
Arowex. Arrows. 8123 5. 
Arowes. Arrows. 8123 y. 
Arowte. To escape. 7651 S. 
Arst. Erst, first, formerly. 345. 1148. 

1401. 4211. 5097. 
Artou. Art thou. 2010. 
Arwe. Arrow. 5037. 8653. pi. Arwen. 

1119. 5037 B. 8123. Arwes. 8123 /3. 
Aryde. To arrive. 314 /3. 
As, rel. pron. 330. 
As, 2 s. Hast. 1073. 3 s. Has. 3090. 
As, redundant. 2. 8. 191. 476. 1399. 

2066. 3431. 4358 4466. 6485. 6487. 

6509. 7036. 71V 8112. As {julke 

time. 1825. As Hn. 2316. 
As. As though. 186. 425. 5074. 6183. 

6721. 
As. Where. 1780. 2223. 6511. 0518. 

6521. 7049. 7590. 8475. 
As, in the phrases: As he hende. 767. 

1055; 5382. 7336. 9166. As i>e wyse, 

or, As >e wise. 2278. 8523. 9253. 9513. 

As J>e sley. 7405. 
Asaily. To assail 419. Asayly. i!829. 

3828 B. AsAiLl. 3828 a. 8120. 

AsAYLi. 9286. pret. 3 s. Asaylede. 

393. ASAYLED. 926.'>. 3 p/. ASAlLEUKy. 

380. Asut.etie. 3^0 B. 
AsALY. To assail. 3120 B, j^^ct. 3 s. 

ASALEDE. 9265 B. 
AsAXTT. Assault. 3636. 7814. 8473. 

11589. 



888 



GLOSSAIIY. 



AsAY. To assay. 265 B. 

AscAPE. To escape. 4.59 5. 582 5. 2257 )3. 

4475;8. 6886 j8. jjret. 3 pi. Ascapede. 

1196 o. 1294B. 1594 B. 3136B. 

AscAPED. 1196^.3136 5. Ascaptd. 

3136j3. 
Ascapy)e. To escape. 459 a. Ascapi^e. 

582 o. 2257 a. 4475 a. 4641 a. Ascapie. 

582 y3. 7818 a. 
AscHAPijE. To escape. 6886 a. 
AscoE. To ask. 369 B. 716 B. pret. 3 s. 

AsCHEDE. 702 B. AsciiTE. 2711 a. 

XX 538 5. AscoDE. 1975 B. 2407 B. 

2711 B. 3 pi AscHEDE. 367 B. 
AsE. As. 201 a. 798 a. 3827. 
AsEGEDE, 3/'/. Besieged. 3808. Aseged. 

3808 B. 
AsEixcTE, 3 s. Sunk, drowned. 8606. 
AsEiNT, p.p. Sunk. 1188. 
AsELEDE, 3 s. Sealed. 10506. 10704. 
AsELY. To liousel, to administer the 

Sacrament. 7420 B. 
AsENCTE, 3 s. Sunk. 10042. 
AsENDE. To send for. 2607 a. 
AsENTTE, 3 s. Sunk. 8606 B. 
A SEUEXE. In seven parts. 4352. 8372. 
ASEYNTTE, 3 s. Suuk. 8606 C 10042 C. 

ASEYNTE. 8606 O. ASEIXTE. 8606 5. 

AsigneJj, 1 pi. Assign. 10321. 

As IT WERE. Like. 4233. 5288. 5669. 

6420. 
AsKAPE. To escape. 459 p. pret. As- 

KAPED. 1294 yS. ASKAPID. 1594 j8. 
AsKEN, 3 pi. Ask. 4037 0. 
AsKi. To aske. 1084. 2 s. AsKih. 2488 j3. 

3 pi. AskieJ>. 4116. AsKiJ>, 4116 /S. 

pret. 3 s. Askede. 779 B. 
AsKiNGE, sb. Question. 702. 
Aslakede, 3p/. Slacked, diminished. Z 19. 
AsLASVE, p.p. Slain. 209. 385. 454, &c. 
Aslou. Slew. 550 a. 619 a. 1453. 2392 a. 

4420. AsLOU). 2392 $. Aslowe. 4420 B. 
AsoiGNE. Essoyn, excuse. 11156 C. 

11163 C. See Asoyne. 
AsoiLA'. To absolve. 6987. Asoili. 

9528. 10328. pres. 3 s Asoile>. 

10316. pret. 3 s. Asoiiede. 6984. 



ASOILY COJlt. 

7374. 3 pt. 9807. Asoiled. 11688. 

ASOILLEDE. 11688 C. ASOYLEDE. 

3606. 3 pi, AsoiLEDEN. 6984 a. p.p. 

Asoiled. 6620. 
AsouLED, 3 s. Absolved. 3606 B. 
AsowN. In swoon. 305 5. 
AsoYLiNGE. Absolution. 10320. 
Asoyne. Excuse. 11156. 11163. He 

com bi asoyne ^ he came by proxy. 
AsoYNEDE, 3p/. Excused. 11158. 
ASPIDE, 3 s. Spied. 528 a. 11424. 
AspiE. Spying, watching. 11549. 
AsPiES. Spies. 11647. 
AsPiEDE, 3 s. Spied. 528. 
AspiLLE.To perish. 1338. To destroy G 202. 
AsPYE. To spy out, examine carefully, 

4176. 5106. 
AssEN. Asses. 8337. 
AssEND, p.p. Injured, destroj'ed. 5317 B. 
AssENTANT. Asscuting. [8 a.] ASSEN- 

TAUNT. [8 B-] 

AssENTY. To assent. 2118 a. pret. 3 s. 

ASSENTEDE. 6315 O. 

Assise. Assize. 9662. Assise. 1230. 

pi. AssYSES. 8833 B. 
AssoiLED, p.p. Absolved. 6620 ;8. As- 

SOILLEDE. 6620 C. 
AsT. Hast. 698. 718. 6368. 6960. Aste. 

6960 B. 
AsTATE. Estate, state. 782 5. 
AsTENCHE. To annoy by stench. 8401 C. 
AsTiE. To rise. 6475. 
AsTOD, 3 s. Stood firm, was resolved. 

489. 7307 C. Withstood. 344 a. As- 

TODE. 344 /8. 
AsTOKE, perhaps an error for Aftoke. 

XX 151 S. 
Astonde. To withstand. 471 o. 1184/8. 

1300 a. 2597. To make a stand. 2906 5. 
Astoned, p.p. Amazed, stunned. 4223. 

8168. 
AsTOXST, 2 s. Withstandest. 6306 C. 
Astonyed, p.p. Amazed, frightened. 

8168 5. 
AsTOuE, error for Astokede. 560. 
AsTORE. To store. 321 5. 2331. pret. 

i^.STORED. 40'J.2I96. 7903. Astokede 



GLOSSARY. 



88 9 



ASTORE — CO?l<. 

409 B (Errata). 560 B. 4319. 9194. 

p.p. ASTORED. 413. 

AsTORi. To store, provide. 321. 3756. 

AsTORY. 5423. 
AsTOUNDE, p.p. 1550 5. The reading 

of the Cottou MS. is bistonde, and it 

is difficult to say whether astnunde is a 

participle, or whether -we should read 

' a stounde ' = a while, for a time. 
AsTKAXGLED, p.p. Strangled, choked. 

7029. 
AstrengJ'Y. To strengthen. 3739 B. 
AsTLNTE. To stop. 2594. pret. 3 s. 3500 o. 

3087. ^ pi. 2724. 11353. 
AsTVNT, 3 s. Stopped. 3500 )3. Astynte. 

3087 B. 3 pi. 2724 B. 
A SDcn. Such a. 379. 1361. 1614. 2717. 

3954. 7124. 
As VERUOR>. As far. 9204. 
AsvTTE. To sit firm against. 3618 /3. 
At. In the phrase ' esste at,' asked of. 

367. 2711. Eschteat. 1043. At ^e picars 

he nom is leue. 2355. At is hroj^er ar 

he were. 5847. 
Atake. To overtake. 2940 a. p.p. Taken. 

8568 C. 
At arx, 3 s. Kan away. 8663. 
Atarnde, 3 s. Ban away. 8663 C. 11161. 
At blenche. To escape. XX 246. 
At ene. See Ene. 
Aterxde, 3s. Ran away. 11161 C. 
Atiield. Withheld. 914 a. 1430 a. Kept. 

XX 66. Atheldk. Kept. 3557 S. subj. 

2645. 
Atuolde. To withhold. 1385. To 

keep. 2449. 2645 jS. 2650. pres. 2 s. 

Athalst. 4000. 
Athuld. Withheld. 914. 1430. Be- 

tained. 3557. subj. 2645 B. Athulde. 

subj. 2645 a. 
Atil. Equipment. 6017. 7166. See Atyl. 
Atiled, p.p. Equipped. 10793. 
A TOiE. One time. 6684. 
Atir. Equipment. 1188. 7166 a. Atire. 

2634 5. 7166 fi. 
ATiRED,pre<. Attired, equipped. 11371. 

Atirede. 3962 a. p.p. Atired. 3821 a. 

Atirede. 3281 j8. 



At mvd. Amid. 4U05 5. 

Ato. In two. 7709 C. 11958. 

Atom At home. 2180. 7539. 8389. 

10064 C. At ome. 10064. 
At on. Were at on = were agreed. To 

briuge at on=to reconcile. 288. 1505. 

2451. 3373. 6870. 10470. 10481. 11533. 

XX 102. 184. 392.483. Atone. 5962. 
Atornde, 3 s. Ran away. 8663 B. 
Atroute. To, make a stand against. 

resist. 922. 1746. 7651. 8831. 9975. 

Atrowt. 922 5. 
At .scAPEDE,pre<. 3 /)/. Escaped. 1296 o. 

1594 a. 
At sitte. To sit firm against. 2898 B 

3618. 
At stod. Withstood. 344. 7307. At 

stode. 7307 B. 
Atstonde. To withstand. 349. 471. 1184. 

1300. 2597 B. 7308. To make a stand. 

2906. To wait. 7563. 
Atstonde ST, 2 s. Withstandest. 6306 a. 
Atstonst, 2 s. Withstandest. 6306. 
Atstunte, pret. 3 s. Stopped. 3087 o. 

3500. 
Atstynte, pret. 3 s. Stopped. 3087 B. 
ATTE = At the. 254. 2838. &c. 
Attelaste. At the last. 539. 
Atte nende. At the end. 763. 934. 

Attenende. 2363. Atten ende. 789. 

7794. 
Attoxb. At ore. 288 /3. 
A Tuo. In two parts. 730. 3854. 4237. 

7709 B. Apart. 3333. Atwo. 7709 5. 
At uore. Before. 19. 30. 1904. 4593, 

7201 B. 7202. 7376. At cor. 7201. 
Atweste. pret. 3 s. Taunted, blamed. 

782. 784. 
Atwiste, r. s. Blamed. 782 o. 784 a. 

Taunted. 7791 a. 
Atwited, 3 s. Blamed, reproached. 

782 fi. 784 j8. Atwitede. 7791 /3. 
Atavytede. 784 B. Atwytted. 7791 y. 
Atwo. In two. 783 a. 7709 5. 
Atwyxne. Apart. 3333 5. 
Atwytte, 3 s. Blamed. 784 5. 

Atyl. Equipment. 1188 B. 2246. 2250. 
2634. 3512. 



890 



GLOSSARY. 



Atyled, ^./;. Equipped. 3821. pret. 3962. 
Atyr. Attire, equipment. 2246 a. 2250 a. 

3512 a. 6017 a. 
A>. Hath. 834. 1252. 
AJjEXKj]?. Repenteth. 1249/8. AtiiinkeJ^e. 

1249 5, 
AjjouTE, 3 s. Repented. 8032 C. 
AjpouyT, 3 s. Vexed, grieved. 1681 y3. 
A>ou)TE, 3 s. Repented. 244 o. 3409 y, 

A>oujT. 244 $. 759 fi. 3348 j3. 5430 13. 

Ajjou^TTE. 5430 6. AJpow^T. 8032 ^. 

Athougiit. 8032 y. 
AJJEE. In three. 9000. 
A>REO. In three. 690 a. 9000 a. 
AuANSi. To advance, raise. 4075 a. 

AuANSY. 4092 B. AuAUNSE. 4092 /8. 

AuAUNCE. 4092 8. 
AuAUNCEMENT. Advancement. 6388. 
AuAUNCY. To advance. 4075 ;8. Auaunci. 

XX 488. pres.lpl. AuauncieJ-.. 10353. 

p.p. AUAUNCED. 6386. AUAUNSED. 

1730 B. 
AvATJNTWARD. Vauguard. 7478 6. pi. 

AVAUNT WARDES. 9006 a. 
AuBERK. Hawberk. 3609. 
AvELLu>. Felleth. A 16. 
AtTENG, 3 s. Received, tooli. 767. 862. 

3226. 3746.' 5700. 8428 B. Auenge. 

8428. 3j)l. Avenge. 843. 2312. 5443. 

7506. 
AuENT. Advent. 9510. XX 243. 
AuENTRi. To adventure, venture. II 112. 
AuENTDRE. Adventure, venture, risk. 

1482 S. pi. AuENTURES. 826 5. Auen- 

TURUS. 826 a. AuENTURY-s. 826 y. 
AUERIL. April. 6659. 10092. 10410. 

XX 551. AuERYL. 5116. 
AuGHTYS. Things of any worth. 3091 S. 
AiJGuwE. Ague. 9118 7. 
AviLEDE, 3 73/. Reviled. 10179. 
Avis. Advice. 1988. 
AuiSEDE, 3 s. Observed. 11964. v.rejl. 

3 s. Considered. 5616. 3 js/. Consulted. 

11364. 
Adision. Vision. 5090. 7510. 8641 o. 

8677. 8748. Auisyon. 5104. pi. Aui- 

.siONS. 864J. 
AvissiNGE. A-fishing. 5351. 



AuMPEROUR. Emperor. 9946. 
Aumperye. Empire. 1627. 4052. Aum- 

PERIE. 1897. 
AuNCRE. Anchoress. 7808. The Cotton 

MS. has AuNTRE. 
AuNGEL, Angel. 1900. 
Adnperie. Empire. 1887. 
AuNCEl'RES. Ancestors. 3998. 
AcNTER. Adventure. To don an aunter 

= to put in danger, to risk. 1482. An 

AuNTRE. 1486. 2179. On AUNTliE. 

1482 a. 1486 a. In auntre. 2179 a. 
AuNTERS. Adventures, fortunes. 826. 
AuNTREs. ' In auntres,' by chance. 7067 S. 
AuoNGE. To receive, take. 1226. 2017. 

2290. 12025. pre<. 3 s. AuONG. 5700 B. 

7506 B. p.p. AuoNGE. 4969. 6620. 

10683. hnper. 2 pi. Auonge>. 9413. 
AuoRE. Before. 7112 C. 
AvoREWARD. Eirst, in the first place. 1 1944. 
AuoRNEjE. Auorue^e me = with regard 

to myself. 713. 
AuoR>WARD. In front. S93. 
AuoTE. Afoot. 3504. 4271. 7753. 11322. 
AvowE, sh. Advocacy, patronage. 9823. 
AvouwED, p.p. Assured, warranted. 1730. 
AvowES. Patron saints. 9771. 
AuTE. Ought. 1083 a. 6464 «. XX 444. 
AuTEMEN. 456 a. The Cotton MS. has 

' wi^temen.' 
AuTER. Altar. 4799 /3. 6352 /3. 8673 /3. 
AvYS. Advice. 3042. 4018. 
AuiTE MEN. Men of worth, brave, noble 

men. 11999. 
Au^TES. Anything of worth. 2247 a. 3091 a. 

G 242. AujTE. 4034 a. Sec A^temen. 
AwAi. Alas. 6446 a. 
AwAKiiNGE. Awaking. 11655. 
Aavarde. In Avard. 2384. 
AwAYTED (?) 3695 S. The Cotton MS. 

has ' grantede.' 
AwEDE. To go mad, rage. 1224. 1583.' 

H 74. AwEED. 1583 j3. pret. Awedde. 

3396. II 23. 
A WEI. Away. 6317. 
A WEY. Alas. 815. 2795. 5046. 6446. 8808. 
AwEYAVARD. Away. 3174. 
Aavinne. To win. S 6. 
Aavlated, p.p. Disgusted. 9916. 



GLOSSARY. 



S9i 



AwoK, pret. 3 s. Awoke. 338.4147. 6918. 
AwKKKE, inf. To avenge. 848. 1282. 

2837. AwiiEKEX. 848 5. 2837 S. prc'^ 

3s. Took vengeance ou. Awkekku. 

1585 S. imper. 2 pi. AwrekeJ>. 2884. 

p.p. AWKEKE. 427. 2994. 3294. 4083. 

7961. 9795. 
AwKEKYE. To avenge. 9753 C. 
AwTEK. Altar. 4799 e. 8673 e. 
AwjT, 3 pi. Ought. 6464 /3. 
AxEDE, 3*. Asked. 779 a. 919 a. 2407 a. 
Axi. To ask. 5005 a. 
AxwAXNESDAi. Ashweduesdaj. 11235 C. 

AXWEDXESDAI. 11235. 
AyE. Again. 915. 926. 1969. Against. 

3874 a. 6429. A)e dai = against the 

daybreak. 11407. 
A^ELD, pret. 3 5. Yielded, surrendered. 

1791. XX 259. 
A)EN. Against, opposite. 148 a. 149. 150. 

242. Towards, to meet. 330. 5854. 7535. 

9167.9619. 11667. 11671. In the sight 

of. 5356. Back. 8797. Used of time. 

1288. 7378. 
A^ENS. Against. 148 )3. 
A)ER. During the year. 1385. 7722. 

A)EKE. 2209. 7775 o. 
AjETN. Against. 148 B. 
A)T, sb. Aught, anything. 2225. 3798. 

3879. 7739. A)te. 3091. 3466. pi. 

A)TES. 2247. 3091 B. 
A)TB, Ought. 3 s. 1083 B. Ajt. 1083. 

Bpl. Ajte be = ought to be. 265. 6464. 

A)te do. 1638. 
A)TE MEN. Men of -worth, nobles, brave 

men. 4034 B. 

B. 

Baciieler. a youth. 4689. 9295. 
Bachelerie. a company of bachelors, 

the youth of a country. 1702. 2225. 

3797. BacheI/ERte. Youthful strength. 

3963. 
Bad, 3 s. Bade. 496. 828. 1456 B. 4488- 

Asked. 1728 o. T 7. Badde. 4488 6. 

3 pi. Bade. Offered. 7777 &. Prayed 

11371. 
Badde. Bad. 2361. 



Baddeliche. Badly. 11905. 
Balance. Hesitation, doubt. 4104. 
Baldei.iciie. Boldly. 425. 433. 2682 a. 

6566. Baldelyciie. 9375 B. 
Baldore. Bolder. 2947. .5238 a. 10487. 
Ballede. Bald. 7731. 8842. 
Ban. Proclamation. 3881. 3889. 
Baner. Banner. 7457. 
Baner. Standardbearer. 7458 o. 
Baxerek. Standardbearer. 7458 C. Bax- 

erere. 7458 5. 
Baxerets. Bannerets. 11501. 
Baxecr. Standardbearer. 7458. 
Bai'tisi. To baptize. 1916. 
Bar, a<//. Bare. 4334. 5063. 6721. 
Bar. Probably an error for ' baron.' 

11282. 
Bar, 3 s. Bare. 909 a. 7722 a. 
Bareuot. Barefoot. 3689. 6893. 8953. 
Barn. Error for Baru, a pig. 4212. 
Barxde, pret. Burnt. 411. 1578. 1957 

2911 a. 7807. 7835. 
Barxde. Probably an error for ' Arnde.' 

2950. 
Barxes. Barons. 2976 B. 
Barox. Probably an error for Baroxie. 

10529. 
Baroxie. The body of barons. 6662 

10624. 10654. B.moxY. 7160. Barox- 

i)E. 7160 a. Barony. 9862. 
Barst, 3 s. Brake in pieces. 9453 C. 

9456. 
Barste, 3 pi. Burst, brake in pieces 

9014 B. 
Basexet. a light helmet. 9019 e. 
Baste, in. In bastardy. 8785 e. See Abast. 
Bataile, pi. Battles. 229. 7326. 9501. 
BaJ)IE. To bathe. 3075. 3076, Ba>ije. 

3075 a. BaJ)Y)e. 3076 a. 
Baylif, ;)/. Bailiffs. 2730. Baylys 

2730 B. 
Be. 3s. Be>. 6 o. 1 pi. Bejj. 921. 2410. 

5052. 6236. 3 ;j/. Ben. 6/3. 487 y3 

Bene. 5389 y. Be>. 29. 30. 34. 52. 74. 

Beo|>. 1265 o. Bu>. 52 a. 74 a. 75 a. Bet. 

7210 B. 7330 B. Betiie. 1265 5. inf. 

Bex. 9097. Beon. 2179 a. 9097o. p.p. 

Lie. 43.51. Bex. 43 a. Be. 43 i8. 



892 



GLOSSARY. 



Beburte. To bury. 3464 B. 

Bed, pres. 3 s. Biddeth. 9338. pret. 3 s. 

Bade. 740. 828 B. 880. 1456. 4488. 

Asked, prayed. 1728. 6297. 6817. 9226. 

Offered. 10020. 
Bede, ;5re^ 2 s. Bade. 2833. 3 s. 496 5. 

3p/. 75.5. 880 a. 2191. Asked, prayed. 

961. 3016. 4848. 9240. 
Bede. To offer. 1762. 5855 B. 7102. 7357. 

pret. 3 s. 7774 fi. 7776 C. 3 pi. 1111 C. 
Bedes. Prayers. 11371. 12044. Hor 

bedes jerne bade = eagerly said their 

prayers. 
Bedom. Prayed for themselves. 3016 B. 
Bedsostek. Bedsister, sharer of her 

husband's bed. 630. 
Beere, sh. Bear. 4212 ;3. Probably an 

error. 
Begonne, ^ pi. Began. 201. 
Begunnen, 3 pi. Began. 201 S, 
Behtjt, 3 s. Promised. 2913 yS. 
Beie. Both. 1100. 1423. 
Beire, </«*. Of both. 7980. 11672. G 180. 
Bei^^e. Both. 1423 a. 1637 a. 2252 a. 

3330 a. 5326 a. 6453 a. 
Belajiy. My good friend ! 8020. 
Bei.de. To build. 5121/8. 
Beldtng, sh. Building. 5496 e. Bee- 

DYNGE. 5496 7. 
Belefte, 3 pi. Remained. 2094 S. 
Bellen. Bells. 10485. 
Bem. Beam. 5835. 
Bemene. To bemoan. 817 5. 
Bende. Bond. 7120. 7793. pL Bendes. 

1347. 2691. 7119. 10016. 
Bende. To bend. 7773. Benden. 

7733)3. pret. Bende. 372. 11093. 
Bene. Bean. Al nas y;\\x\> a bene. 

10223. 
Benojie. Taken. 43 5. 
Beod, 3 5. Bade. 1491 B. 
Beode. To bid, offer. 5855. 
Beore, sb. Bear. 4141 B. Beor. 4141 5. 
Becsemare. Mockery, scorn. 7787 C. 
Beqwa^e, 3 s. Bequeathed.. 7061 ^. 
Ber. 3 s. Bare. 909. 1561, 6656. 3 s. 

Bere. 6285. 3 ;j/. Bere. 3688. 4031. 

&ubj. 3 s. Bere. 1506. 



Bere, in the phrases, bere l'ef>e = commit 
theft, 5405 ; bere herte, 6492 ; bere to 
rente, 8768 ; bere rente, 10431 ; bere los, 
424G. 

Bere, sh. Bear. 4141. 

Bere. Noise, outcry. 4239. 

Beren. To carry, bear. 511 a. 2162 a. 

Beren, sh. Barn, child. 4212 a. An 
error for Bebeu, a barrow pig. 

Berie. To bury. 5039 S. Berien. 4480 5 

Berne. To burn. 885. 1814. 5215. BB 6. 

Bernes. Barns. 7152. 10198. 

Berninde, adj. Burning. 11026. 

Rerninge, sb. Burning. 5996 a. 

Bernynge, adj. Burning. 11026 C. 

Berst, 2 s. Bearest, wearest. 10341. 

Bekst, 3 s. Burst, brake. 9351. 9453. 

Berste. To break. H 75. 

Berye. To bury. Z .3 5. p.p. Beryed. 
5415. 

Beryellis. a grave. 4184 5. 
Besans. Bezants. 8467. Y 7. Besauns. 
8467 C. Besadndes. 8467 j8. Bes- 

AUNTEJ. Y7 fl. 

Besemer. Mockery, scorn. 7787 y8. 

Besmare. Scorn. 266 5. 

Bet, 3 s. Prayed. 6297 B. 8764 B. 

Bet. Better. 988. 1451. 2322. 

Bet, Zpl. Are. 7210 B. 7330 B. 

Bete. To amend, atone for. 5919. 5920. 

7219. 7597. To beat. 9293. 
Betokny. To betoken. 9354. B. 
Bette. Better. 6547 5. 
BEt>ENCHE. Bethink. 7440 5. 
Beuereche. Beverage, drink. 621 a. 

6063 a. Beuerege. 621. 6063. Bede- 

Ri CHE. 6063 5. Beuerygge. 62I7. 
Bewreye, p.p. Bewrayed. 5521 e. 
Beye. Both. 553. £252. 3330. 4210. 

6326. Bey. 2252 B. Beyne. 2590 5. 

3330 5. 5289 5. gen. pi. Beyre. 4050. 

5266. 

Bi, imper. 2 s. Buy. 8017 C. 

Bi. Concerning. 7073. Among. 10767. 



GLOSSARY. 



893 



Bi. Bi xoujji:. lu the north. 3oG8. 

3577. 366G. Bi ksti:. East of, in the 

cast. 4129.4151.6158. 11186. Bmvkste. 

4149. Bi STRETi:. Along the street 

11762. 
BiCAs. By chance, as it happened. 1008. 

1518. 5834. 
BicLOSEDE, 3 s. Enclosed. 4470. 
BiCLOSi. To enclose, surround. 11672. 
Bi CLUPE. To appeal. 9709. 
BiCLUPi'ED, 3 pi. Embraced. 6318 C. 
BiCLUi'TE, 3 s. & ;}/. Embraced. 2740. 

6318. 7181. 9621. 
Bicojr, prel. 3 s. Became. 4539. 6315. 

War he bicom = where he betook him- 
self, -what became of him. 3175. 3337. 

3 pi. Bi come. 352. Bicomen. 352 B. 

pres. 3 s. Bicom)>. 837. BicomeJ;. 837 o. 

2482 B. Bicome. 2481. 2482. 
BiDDE. To beg, pray. 795. 942. 4846. 

8394. pres. 1 s. 1338. 3 s. Bid. 1346 B. 

3;)/. BiDUE>. 4852. 
BiDDiNGE, sb. Praying, prayer. 5677. 
BiefJ>e. Behoof. 7133 B. 
BiENDE. Beyond. [125 a.] 
BiFONDE, 3 s. Provided. 5400 a. Bifoxd. 

G69. BiFOND. Invented. 5421 a. ;).p. 

Bifoxd. Found. 9081 5. 
BiFOUE. Before. 7740 a. Byfoue. 

7740 C. 
BiFOREX. Before. 7013 a. 
BiFORNE. Before. 2224/3. 6508 7. Biforn. 

7740)3. 
BiFOUNDE, p.p. Found. 9081. 
BiFUL, 3 s. Befell. 8984 C. 
BiGABBED, jj.p. Deceived. 9406. 
BiGAN, 3 s. Began. 226. 276. 7357/3. 

BiGANNE. 7357 y. 
BiGETEjjp.p. Begotten. 224 B. 
BiGiNNE. To begin. 7361. 
Bigin}?, 3 s. Beginneth. 7232. 
BiGOXXE, 3 pi. Began. 376. 896. 2946. 

8216. BiGONE. 1774. Bigoxnex. 201 a. 
BiGONNE,p.p. Begun. 11771 C. 
BiHEitE. Behoof. 7133. 
BiHELD, 3 s. Beheld. 799. 1042 a. 
BiiiELF. Behalf. 7133 C. 



BiiiESTE. Promise. 1732. 66u6. 7279. 

7507. 8719. pi. BiiiESTES. 4750. 

7279 C. 
Bi het, 3 s. Promi.sed. 1730. 1738. 2070. 

2913.6603.7823.8719. 3 pi. Bihete. 

3553. 3731. 4623. 9344. Biiietex. 

4623a. BviiETTE. 4623 e. 
BiiiEYT, 3 s. Promised. 9020 C. 
Biiii^T, 3 s. Promised. 1730/3. 8719/3. 

3 pi. 46-23$. BiHYjT. 6398/8. 
BniOF^E. Behoof. 621 B. 
BiiiOTE. To promise. 7669.9331. pres. Is. 

6592. impcr. 2 pi. Biiiote>. 9343. 
BiiiouE. Behoof. 7133 /8. 7272 C. 7365 0. 
BiiiLL, 3 pi. Beheld. 3970 o. 
BinuLDE, 3 s. Beheld. 799 B. 3 })l. 3970. 

3 s. BiHCLD. 1042. 1899. 
Biker. Strife, contest. 11147. 11253. 
BiKERiXG. Strife. 11185. 
BiLADDE, 3 s. Led, conducted. 1871 o. 
BiLAi, 3 pi. Beleaguered. 444 B. Bi- 

LAYE. 10687. 3 s. BiLAY. 1704.3675. 

6045. XX 187. 
BiL.VT, 3 s. Belonged. 8713. 
BiLDE. To build. 5121 a.pict. 3 s. 5708 $. 

3 pi. BiLDEX. 492 $. 
BiLEFDE, pre/. Remained. 866 a. 1364 o. 

2342 a. 3292 a. Left off. 8644 a. p.p. 

BiLEFD. 2335 a. 
BiLEFTE, 3 pi. Remained. 935 o. 
BiLEiiE, 3 pi. Lay near. XX 338. 
BiLEMED. Mutilated, pre/. 3s. 11734C. 

p.p. 9663. -S'ee Bilimie. 
BiLEUE. To remain, leave, leave off. 282. 

331. 489. 3289. 3574. 3577. 6856. 9116. 

9643. BiLEUEN. 489 a. j^res. 3pl. BileueJ?. 

2094. 2827. Bileuet. 2827 a. pret. 3 s. 

BiLEUE. 8644. 8700. Bileuede. 527. 

787. 866. 3579. 4509. 5891. 3 pi. Bx- 

ledede. 3292 B. 8644 B. Byleued. 

3292 $. Bileuedk. 927. 1364. 2342. 

Bileued. 1364/3. With a reflexive 

pronoun. Bileuede him. 6528. p.p. 

Bileued. Left. 403. 675. 2335. 
BiLEUE. Sustenance. 827 a. Belief, faith, 

1652. 2427. 



894 



GLOSSARY. 



BiLEUEDE, 10492. Perhaps for BiUMEDE. 
Bi LETE, 3 1)1 Beleaguered. 444. Biletn. 

4447. BlLEY2,EN. 444 a. 
BiLiMiE. To cut limb from limb. 6110. 

Beltmmye. Clio 5. BiLYMY^E. 6110 a. 

Bylyme. 6110 B. Bylymme. 6110/3. 

Byeemme. 6110 7. pj-et. 3s. Bilimede. 

11734. 
BiLiuE. Livelihood, sustenance. 827. 

10197. 
BiuuE. Quickly. 1956 B. 19.59 B. Bilyue. 

.573 B. 
BiLorr. Laughed at; and heuce, enjoyed. 

1467. By LOW). 1467 B. B1LOU5. 

1467 /3. Bylou. mm 2. 3 p/. Bi- 

LOWE. 6063. A.S. hihlehliav. 
BiMENE. To bemoan, lament. 10067. 
Bineme}>, 3 s. Taketh away. 4065 a. See 

BiNIME. 

Bine})E, adv. Beneath. 4844. 

BiNiME. To take away. 1078. 2776, 4065. 

8363.prcs. 3s. BiNiiih, 9308. pre/. Is. 

BiNOM. 818. 3 s. 5150. 8 pi. Bi- 

NOME, 50. 755. 3702. p.p. BiNOME. 

994. 9125, 
BiNNE, adv. Within. 4203. 
BiNORbe. To the north of. 4972. In the 

north. 7651. 7920. 
BiNuJjE, prep. Beneath. 2768. 
BiofI'E. Behoof. 621. 7272. 7365. 
Biqtia}>, 3 s. Bequeathed. 7061 a. 7831 a. 
BiqueJ>, 3 s. Bequeathed. 6424. 7061. 

7827. 7831. 
BiQUiDE. Bequest, will. 7826. 7887. 

BiQUEDE. 7826 C. 
BiQWEST. Bequest. 7826/3. Biqtjest. 

7826 7. By quest. 7826 5. 
BiuADDE, 3 s. Advised, counselled. XX 

179 
BiKEDE, 3 pi. Buried. 1 1 C 1 . 
BiREUE. To rob. 1475 a. 
BiiiEUED, p.p. Bereft. E 12. 
BiSAY, 3 s. Advised. 8725. BiSAi. 11961. 
BisE. To provide, consider. 691. 835. 

1432. With a reflexive pronoun. 1359. 

1978.8087. To appoint. 9701. 
B18ECHE. To beseech. 6312. 



BiSECHEfj. Beseecheth. 1324 B. 1334 B. 

BiSECHiJ^. 1324/3. 
BisEcJj. Beseecheth. 1324. 1334. Biseki)>. 

1334/3. 
BiSEGi. To besiege. 8242. prp<. 3 s. 

BiSEGEDE. XX 143. 3/)/. BiSEGEDE. 

8319 C. 8322. Biseged. 8319y3. Bisege, 
an error for Bisegede. 8319. 

BiSEMARE. Scorn. 266. 

BiSENDE, 3 s. Sent to. 10076. 10766. 
11833. 

BiSEO. To provide. 835 a. XX 108. 

BiSET, 3 s. Surrounds. 2203. 

Bi SET, p.p. Arranged, provided for. 6387. 

BiSETTE, 3 s. & pi. Beset, besieged. 443 a. 
3685. 6045. 7954. 

BisiBBE. Akin to. 6438 o. 

BisiBE. Beside. 106. 

BisiDE.«. Beside. [132 a.] 

BiSMAEE. Mockery, scorn. 3054 B. 

BisoKNE. Petition, request. 10174. 

BisouT, p.p. Besought. 10296. 

BispubE. South of. 6038. 

Biso^TE, 3 s. Besought. 1312. Bisou^te. 
9880. 10077. Bysou^t. 8882 e. 

Bi SPEK, 3 s. Spake against ; or per- 
haps, ordered, arranged. 11452. 3 p/. 
10752. 

BiSPEKE, p.p. Bespoken, ordered, ar- 
ranged. 1281. 4109. 4291. 10873. 11558. 
pret. 3 pi. Conversed, talked together, 
consulted, resolved. 1554. 11001. 

BisrRENGE. To besprinkle. 2714 B. 
pret. BisPRENGDE. 2714. Bysprengd. 
2766. 

Bissop. Bishop. 4764. 6851. p^ Bissop. 
10451. 11001. BissoPES. 94. 6865. 

BissoPRiCHE. Bishopric. 75. 94. p/. 

BiSSOPRlCHES. 

BiST. 2 s. Ri(Jdest. 2488. 

BiSTEKE, p.p. Stuck, set fast. G 125. 

Bistonde, p.p. ' Mid childe to be bistonde,' 

to be in the condition of being with child. 

1550. 
BisuiifE, p.p. Deceived. 5521. 
BiswiNKE. To work for. 944. 
Bit, 3 s. Biddeth. 1346. 



GLOSSARY. 



895 



BiTAKE. To give up, entrust, commit, 

1259. pres. 1 s. 1)122. 9772. Bitoc. 

IJret. 3 s. &j)/. 2431. 3855. Bitok. 3387. 

3776. 4133. 5672. 9941. 3 p/. Bitoke. 

6429, p.p. BiTAKE. 3774. 6104. 7334. 

10250. 
BiTiDE. To happen. 8649. prel. 3 s. 

BiTiDDE. Betid, befoll.'319. 970 B. 
Bi TIME. Soon. 6370. 
BiTOKNE. Token, sign. 4148. 
BiTOKNEBE. 3 s. Bctokcucd. 4152. 4153. 
Bitokne)?. Betokeneth. 2798. 4149. 

7240. 
Bitraye. To betray. 6330. Bitraie. 

6532. p.p. BiTRAYED. 5909. Bitrayp. 

G374. 
BiTUENE. Between. 4229. 6322. 
BiTURNE. To turn about. 7552. 2'^^f- 

3 s. & pi. BiTURXDE. 2790. 4274. 7470. 
BiTvvEONE. Between. 4229 a. 
BiTWEX. Between. 517 )3. 
BiJ>ENCHE. To bethink, devise. 943. 1351. 

3057. BiJjiNCHE. 943 a. pres. 3 pi. 

Bi^encheJ'. 9407. pret. 3 s. Bijjoujte. 

1244. 3 pi. 445. i^.p. Bi\>oyT 1327. 
BiuALLE. To befall. 3051. pret. Bi vej-. 

679. 822. 2815. 5712. 8984. 
BiDOND, 3 s. Invented, devised. 5421. 
BivoRE. Before. 213. 626.1525. 6508. 

6753. 7202 C. 
BiuoRE iroND. Beforehand. 10028. 
BiwAN, 3 s. Conquered. 503. 8687. Be- 
got. 1697. 
Bi 'VVE [TED, p.p. Wrapped. 6940. 11174. 

Byweued. 6940 5. 
Bi ■wit. Out of his mind, iueane. 10872. 
Bi wittyd. Insane. 10872 C. 
Biwoxne, p.}:). Won, acquired. BB 1 8. 
BivyRYEd. Bewrayed. 5521 /8. 
Bijat, pret. 3 s. Begat, won. 216 a. 

218 o. &C. 5015 a. 7070 a. Bijate. 

7070/3. p.p. Bijat. Begotten. 224^8. 

Bygate. 254 y. 
BuENDE. Beyond. 329 o. 3753 B. 7757 C. 
Bi )ere. Yearly. 7775. 
Bi)ETE, s6. Gain. 1488. 
Bijite. To get, acquire, beget. 3194. 

3197. 3198. 5757. 6221. pret. 3 s 

Bi)ET. 216. 219. &c. 5015. By)ET. 217. 



BiJITK — r07lt. 

BijETE. 2735. p.p. Bijete. 224. 225. 
2713. Bi^iTE. 606. 3335. 4474. 6788 
7063. 7969. Bi^ute. 224 o, 2713 o. 

BijoxDE, Beyond. 134. 329. 3753. Of 
Bi;oN-nE. 6227. 7757. 

Bi.AKE. Black. 8921. 

Blamkde, 3 s. ]5laraed. 5519. 

Bledde, 3 pi. Bled. 1 1734. 

Bleincte, 3 s. Blenched. 6951. 

Blekche. To flinch, withdraw from. 
XX 126. 295. 

Blkncte, 3 s. Blenched. 6951 C. 

Blexde. To blind. 8401. 

Blexkte, 3 s. Blenched. 6951 a. 

Blexyte = Bleyxte. Blenched, flinched. 
6951 B. 

Bleo. Colour. XX 253. 

Blesckde, 3 pi. Blessed. 0946 a. 

Blixxb. Tostop, cease. 6156. 11905. II 62. 

BLit)E. Glad. 2473. 

Bliue. Quickly. 573. 1098. 1956. 1959. 
3133. 6198. 

Blod red. Blood red. 6399. 

Blod ssbdixoe. Bloodshed. 11413. 

Blod. Blood, 337. Blode. 353. 

Blome. To blossom. 7232 $. 

Bloue. To blow. 168. pres. 3 s. BLOr>. 
166. prcf. 3 s. Bi-E-w. 307. 

B1.0WE. To blossom. 7232. 

BEYSSED,p./). Blessed. 6285 j8. 

Bo. Both. 1423 5. 2252 5. 4702. 6742. 
6929 5. H 77. 

Boc. Book. 4818. 8690. Bok. 138 B. 
dai. BocE. 138. 

Boc & Caxdle. 10370. 

BocsoJiXESSE. Buxorauess, compliance, 
obedience. 4813. 6504. Bocsu.mrxes.se 
4813 a. 

BoD. 2726. 'For he ne bod,' which 
is the reading of the Cottonian and 
Ilarleian MSS. ; the others have, ' hit 
' nadde,' 'he hadde,' and 'hit had.' 
Similarly in the same story of Merliii 
the earlier version of La^amou has ' \>c 
najuere fieder no iba;d,' while the latter 
reads ' J)at neuere fader nadde.' On the 
other hand, in Lajamou, 3609, where 
the earlier version reads, ' wel is him ]>e 



896 



GLOSSARY. 



Bod — cont. 

hit habbe mot,' well is it with him that 
may have it, the later has, ' ^Yel his him 
K' hit bide mot.' Similarly, 1. 19326, 
the earlier version has 'no biden )e 
nauere,' where the latter reads ' ne solle 
jeo neuere habbe.' It appears that 
'biden,' which originally signifies 'to 
endure, suffer,' comes to mean ' to ex- 
perience, have experience of,' and so to 
be almost equivalent to ' to have.' 

Bod, 3s. Bade. 3056 B. 

Bode, 3 s. Offered. 7774. 7776. 3;;/. 7777. 

BoDi. Used for 'person.' 209. 271.278. 
3335. Body. 9444. 9455. 

BODiiNGE, sb. Boding, forewarning. 8605. 
8821. part. 9351. Bodynge. 8821 B. 

Bodice. Body. Z 13. /)/. Bodices. 
265 o. 3057 a. 

BoFFiNDE. Stuttering. 8573. Boffyng. 
8573 B. BoFFYNGE. 8573 C. 

Bold, sb. Building. 1021. 2493. 7865. 

BoLDE. To encourage. 4465 e. 

BoLDELiCHE. Boldly. 425 $. 2682 /3. 

BoLDORE. Bolder. 5238. 9539. 10530. 

Bole. Bull. 2497 B, 

Bon. Bone. 2684. 

Bond, 3 s. Bound. 7439. 

Bone. Prayer. 327. 2495. 6983. 7918. 

Boolde. Building. 2493 5. ^/. Booldes. 
1021 5. 

BOR. Boar. 2803. 3849. 

BoRDE. Table. 7030. 

Bore, p.p. Born. 480 5. 

BoREWEDE, 3 s. Borrowed. 8084. 

BoREWES. Sureties, pledges. 9688. 10226. 

BoRGEis. Burgesses, citizens. 11188. 
11218. 11219. 

BoRU. City, town. 1094, 1620. 8552. 
XX 73. 

BosKES. Bushes, thickets. 11370. 

BosT. Boasting. 4266. 4286. 5171. 

BoT. But. 47 S. 284 5. &c. 

BoT, pret. 3 s. Bit. H 82. 

Bote. Amends. 4206. 5085. 5621. 8449. 
Trofit. 7233. 9214. 'To do bote,' to 
■make amends, to retaliate. 3503. 



Bote. To atone, make amends for. 7597 y. 

JioTK. prep. Except. 4266. 

B(rrE, coiij. Except, unless. 4. 303. 368. 

Only. 88. Bote ^if. Unless. XX 113. 
BoTELER. Butler. 3867. 
BoTELERY'E. The buttery. 3953. 
BoTERYE. The buttery. 3953 ;8. 
Bo>E Tvo. Both. 162. Bo>e to. 11299. 
BoTiLER. Butler. 9034. 
BoTNEDE, 3 pi. Were healed. II 26, 
BoTONED, p.p. Healed. II 26 fi. 
Bou. Bough. 5758. 
BouKE. Body. 696. Bouk. 696 a. 
BouNDE, 3 pi. Bound. 2690. 
Boundes. Bonds. 2691 j3. 
BouRE. Chamber. G 35. 37. Bour. 

H 143. 154. 
BouRGEis. Burgess, citizen. 9860. pL 

11286. 
BowE. Bough. 5747. 5758 B. p/. Bowes. 

5758 a. 
BowiARES. Bowyers. 11222. 
Brag, 3 s. Brake. 386. 519. 
Braddek. Broader. 1000 B. 
Braddore. Broader. ICOO. 
Braid, 3 s. Feigned. H127. Braide. 

H 127 ;8. 
Braide. To twist, tear. 510. 
Brak, 3 s. Brake. 7709 a. 
BRANDE,pre<.3 s.Scpl. Burnt. 411 a. H 35. 
Brannyde, 3 s. Burned. 2911 S. 
Brec, 3 s. Brake. 7709. 9787. 
Brecii. Breech. 6579. 
Brede. Bread. 4917. 
Brede. Breadth. 7229. 7246. 7911. G 146. 
BredeJ>, 3 pi. Breed. 3670. 
Bregge. Bridge. 7294 fi. 7295 /3. 8285 /8. 
Breid, Violent effort, struggle. 518. 
Breidf. To twist, bend. 510 B. 
Brbk, 3 s. Brake. 519 B. 9353 C. 
Breke, 3 s. Brake. 519 5. 9353 B/ 

3 pi. 3832. 6108. 11222. 
Breke, sb. Breech. 6579 )8. 
Brenne. To burn. 5215/8.6936. pret. 

Brende. 411 B. 4416 e. 5215 e. 9533. 

Brennede. 1578 y3. Brennyd. 1578 y. 

Brent. 411 ;8. 1957)3. 2156/8. 5298/8, 



GLOSSAEY, 



897 



Brenne — cent. 

Brente. 411 7. ;).;). Buenned. 3128 5. 
Bkext. 3128)3. 

Brexnyngge, sb. Biiriiin<^. 5990. 

Brer, Briar. 6794. 

Brerer, Briar. 6794 7. 

Brest. To break. II 75 j8. 

Brest. Breast. 3825. Breste. 8658. 
8842. pi. Bresten. G 195 /3. 

BreI^er. Brethren. 2399 $. 6474 7. 8^40 )3. 

Bre)>ern. Brethren. 895. 2399 7. 2845. 
BreJjeren. 2297 B, 2399. Bre)>er- 
ENE. 6474 a. 8840 a. Bretiierne. 
2327 5. Bke^rene. 2297 a. 

BreJjre. Brethren. 2399 B. 

Briddes. Young birds. 3673. 

Bridel. Bridle. 8169. 

BkingeJj, 3 pi. Bring. 5143. 

BriJjeren. Brethren. 2297. 

Broc. Brook. 1798. 

Brod, sb. Brood. 1595. 

Brod, adj. Broad. 7. 3100 B. 

Brode, adv. Broad. 8610. 

Bronge, 3 pi. Brought 3398 7. 

Brosed, 3 pi. Were bruised. 8495 /3. 

BROUTE,pre/. 3 s. Brought. 452 ct. 1677 o. 

Broavb, 3p/. Brewed. 021. 

Bronte, 3 s. Brought. 388. 451. 452. 
5066.3;)/, 3398. SubJ. pret. 3 s. Should 
bring. 6448. 

Brugge. Bridge. 7294. 7295. 7304. 8285. 
pi. Bruggen. 11012. 

Bruitichs. British. H 6. Bruitisch. 
H 6 3. Bruticiis. H 6 5. 

Brusede, 3 pi. Bruised. 6059)8. Were 
bruised. 8495 a. 

Brust. Breast. 3820. 5622. Bruste. 
3825 a. 8058 a. 8842 a. pi. Brusten. 
G 195. 

Brutaske. 11095. From the 0. Fr. 
brutesche, or bretache, which denotes 
an outwork of timber used in fortifica- 
tion, both for attack and defence. The 
word is probably of Teutonic origin 
(compare German, brctt. a plank), and 
the root still exists in the mining term 
' bratticing,' and according to Professor 
Skeat (Etymol. Diet.) in the word 'but- 
35441. 



Brutaske — cont. 

tress ;' perhaps also iu ' bartizan.' See 

Du Cange, s. v. IJrcstackia ; Pronip- 

torium Par\'uloruni, s. v. Betrex, with 

Way's note; Miitzner's Wiirterbuch to his 

Altenglische Sprachproben ; Willis, 

Architectural Xonicnclature of the 

Middle Ages ; and Viollet le Due, Dic- 

tionnaire de I'Architecture. 
Brycii. Breech. 0579 B. 
Bryde, 3 s. Bent. 4222 B. 
Brygge. Bridge. 7307 C. 
Bryste. Breast. 8058 e. 
Be, mpcr. 2 s. Buy. 8017 B. Probably 

an error of the copyist. 
BuDE. To offer. 1702 a. 
BtJLDE. To build. //)/. 1537. 2700 a. 5121. 

9040. ;)re<. 3 s. 5708.9048. 3;)/. 492. 

Bdlden. 492 a. suhj. pres. 3 s. 2703 B. 
BuLDiNGE. sb. Building. 5490. 
BuLLE. Bull.9719. pi. BuLUEN. 10104. 
Bur. Birth. 199. Bure. 199 a. 
BuRGEis. Burgess. Il79l.pl. 11208.11792. 
BuRGir. City. 1023. 
BuRiE. To bury. 803. 1027. Burye. 

4480. 5039. Burien. Z 16. Bury)e. 

863 a. BuRijE. 1027 a. 5039 a. Z 3. pret. 

3 s. BuREDE. 2610 a. Bured. 2616. 

3 pi. BuREDE. 1161 o. 1102. 5875. 
BuRiNGE, sb. Burying. 7845 a. Buryng. 

7845 B. BuRVNGE. 7859 B. Burijinge. 

7859 a. BuRi^iNG. Z 
Bur}>e. Birth. 199 B. 
BurJjtime. Birth-time. 9131 a. 
BuRTYME. Birth-time. 9131. Bure- 

TYME. 9131 C. 
BuRYELS. A burying place, grave. 4184. 

BuRYELES. 4184 a. Buryelys. 4184i3. 
BusEDE, 3;)/. Busied. 113G4C. 
Busemare. Mockery, scorn. 3054. 7787. 

BusMARE. 3054 a. 7787 o. 
Bute. But, except. 1350 B. 
BuJ>, 3 pi. Be. 724 a. 1920a. 0732 a. 

6733 a. See Be. 
Bdyde, 3 s. & pi. Bowed, yielded. 1750. 

2069. 2320. 4222. 
BuYEDE, 3 s. Bowed. 9708. 
BYCMPrEi), S s. Embraced. 0318^. 

3l 



898 



GLOSSARY. 



Bye, imper. 2 s. Buy. 801" fi. 

By forne. Before. 626 /3. 951 P. Bv- 

FORN. 5388 (S. 
Bygonne, 3 pi. Began. 201 B. 
Bygrepe, 3 s. Gripped. 522 5. 
Byhested, 3 s. Promised. XX 48 e. 
ByhofJje. Behoof. 7365 C. 
Byhofe. Behoof. 621 5. 7133 S. 7272 S. 

7365 S. 
Bvhoue)?. Behoveth, is necessary. 3672. 

Bylded, 3 s. Built. 5708 e. 

Byldynge. Building. 5496 B. 

Byleuene. To remain. 331 5. jjret. 
.s s. Bylefte. 866 S. [121 S.] 

Byllip, pret. 3 pi. Built. 492 5. 

Byloked, p.;j. Decided. 6959 S. 

Byname, 3 pL Took away. 50 0. 

Bynymme]?, 3 s. Taketh awaj\ 4065 )3. 
BynymyJj. 9308 B. 

ByquaJje, 3 s. Bequeathed. 7061 S. 

Bysay, pret. 3 s. Saw fit. 3978. 

By set, p.p. Arranged. 2336. 

Bysmak. Scorn. 26G B. 

By spoke, p.p. Bespoken. 1281 5. 4291 e. 
By spoken. 4109 5. 

Byst, 2 s. Bidde=t. 6916 B. 

Bytake, p.p. Entrusted. [38 B.] 

Bytokene. To betoken. 4148 5. 

Bytyde. To betide, happen. 4848. 

By vond, 3 s. Devised. 5400. By^ 
UONDE. 5400 B. 

By wounde, 3 s. Wrapped round. S 7 8, 



c. 



Cachchet, 3 s. Catcheth. 664 a. 

Cac)>, 3 s. Catcheth. 664. 

Caeanged, 3 s. Challenged. 5660. Ca- 

LANGEDE. 5660 a. 
Cale, sj. Cold. Of gale = a-cold. 6580. 

Of c.vl. 6580 o. 
Calangy. To challenge, claim. 9247. 
Calis. Chalice. 10031. 
Callt. To call. 1409. 
Cam, 3 *•. Came. 6372 fi. 
(Un, '^ s. Knows. 7547. 



Cancrefrete. Eaten with cancer. 6064, 
Candelmasse. Purification day. 10172. 

Candlemasse. XX 240. 
Candlen. Candles. 5893. 7795. 
Canowxs. Canons. 7530 fi. 
Carayns. Carcase. 6544 13. pi. Caraynes. 

.5367 P. 
Carede of. Cared for. 6079. 
Careyne. Carrion. 4421 7. 65445. 
Carf, 3 s. Carved, cut. 2497. 11729. 

[110 a.] Carfe. [110 j8.] 
Carie. To care. 6371. 6389. Gary. 

6371 C. 
Carojjyf)?. Carcases. 5367 B. 
Caroitste. Carrion, dead body. 4421. 
Caroine. 6544. pi. Caroines. 5367. 
Carstaf. Acartstaff. 2198 a. Cartstaf. 

2198. Cartest.\j. 2198 B. 
Cartre. Charter. 1734 B. 
Cas. Case, chance, accident. 2466. 3300. 
4140. In 7569 ' cas ' is perhaps an 
error ior * pas.' See Fiki. 
Caste. To contrive. 3058. 
Casten, 3 pi. Cast. 6317 a. 11252. 
Caucion. Security. 10418. 
Caddel. Caudle. 1 1767. 
Caulengi. To challenge, claim. 9247 C. 
Ca)te. Caught. 3 s. 7708. 3 fi/. 320. 
Cee, sb. See. 1671 5. 
Ceel, sb. Seal. 1734. 
Ceese =: Seisi. 8991 e. 
Cellen. Cells. 4808. 
Certein. Certain. 1207. 
Certes. Of a surety. 6822. 
Ceuenteyns. Chieftains. G 246 7. 
Chaas. Chace, hunting. 140/3. 
Chaere. Chair. 6559. 
Chaff ARE. Merchandise. 11173. 
Chafles. Jaws. H 81 S. 
Chale. Shall. G 95. 
Chales. Chalice. 10031 C. 
Chame. Shame. 3418 a. 
Chanberlein. Chamberlain. 8012. 
Chance. Fortune. 328. 
Changet, p.p. Changed. 3325 B. 
Chanons. Canons. 5716 e, 7530 y. 
Chantement. Enchantment. [91 B.] 
Chantors. Enchanters. 2762. 



GLOSSARY. 



899 



Chapitlk, Chapter. 9704. 
CiiAPMp;x. Merchuuts. 11171. 
Charge, sb. Load. 8596. 
Chargede, pret. 3 s. & jyl. Loaded. 294 

472 B. 
CuARGEDEN', ;)re/. 3 p/. Laded. 472. 
CoARiTE. Par seinte charite. C972. 
CiiARTUE. Charter. 9811. pi. Ciiaut- 

REX. 10253. 
CiiAs Chace. 140. 
CiiASTEUS. Castles. 409 a. 24J'J a. Sec 

ClIATEUS. 

Chaste. To chastise. 2844 B. 

CiiASTi. To chastise. 2844. 10308. XX 

356. CiiASTY. 8830. 
CuASTORE. Chaster. 3959. 
Chatevs. Chattels. 409. 2450. 9665. 9666. 
CiiAUMRERLEYX. Chamberlaiu. 8012/8. 
CiiAuxcELER. Chancellor. 9603. 11207. 
CiiAUNTEMEXT. Enchantment. 324 /3. 

670 B. 3124 B. 
CiiAtjuELs. Jaws. H 81 P. 
CiiEAXCE. Chance, fortune. 276. 328 o. 

4509. CiiEAUNCE. 9598. 
Chef. Chief, s6. 4316. 8512. wr/y'. 1109. 

8136. 
CiiEFTAYXE. Chieftain. 4316)3. 
Chekere. The game of draughts. 39G5. 
CiiELE, sb. Chill, cold. 153. A 19. 
Cheole, sb. Chill, cold. XX 331. 
Cheos, ^r<?i. S pi. Chose. 4871 C. 
Cheose. To choose. 496 a. 707 a. 2416 a. 

4871 o. 7885 a. 8173 a. 8510 a. Sec 

Chese. 
Cherchen. Churches. 1933. 
Chere. Entertainment. 5856 $. 
Chere. Dear, worthy. 3462 B. 
Chese. To choose. 496. 707. 2416. 7885. 

8173, 8510. pret. 3 s. Ches. 498. 1504. 

5302. 6133. Chese. 1504)8. 85 1 IS. 

9174 C. 3 p/. Chose. 8511. Chosen. 

8511a. CuESE. 4871e. 85115. subj. 

3 pi. Chose. 9174. Chese. 9174 C. 
Chesox. Cause. 2408 5. 
Cheste. CoflBn. 1162. 
Cheueles. Jaws. H 81. 
Cheuenteix. Chieftain, chief. 564. 1444. 

7926. 8153. 8246. Cheuexteyx. 3495, 

4316 e. pi. Cheuexteixs. 4346. 

Cheuentetns. 4346 G 246. 



Cheuexevx. Chieftain. 7926 C. 8153 C 
Cheueteix. 8153 o. Cheitetayxe. 
8153 7. CUEUETEYXE. 8153 5. pi. 
CUEUETEYNS. 4346 B. 

Cheui. To succeed. 2092. 
Chidde, pret. 3 s. 8024. 
CiUEUEXTEYX. Chief. 8246 5. 
Childermasse day. The feast of the In- 
nocents. 7172. 
Childerx. Children. 2099. 
CniXESE. II 21. See Errata. 
Chircue, ;)?. Churches. 7835. 
Chirchegong, sb. Churching. 7793. 7797. 

7806. CUIRCHEGAXGE. 7793 /8. 

Chirch)oxg. 7793 o. 7797 a. Chirhc- 

)OXG. 7806 a. Chirche )0XGE. 7793 5. 

7806 5. 
CiiiRCHEX. Churches. 1812. 2801. 4645. 

6087. 6509. 7834. Chircuene. 2801 a. 

Chyrchyx. 6087 B. 
Chicalerie. Chivalry, deed of chivalry. 

1052. CnuALERYE. 4304. 4579. 
CuiUESE. A concubine. H 21 (Errata). 
Chose, p.p. Chosex. 6752 jS, 7885 5. 
CnosEX, 3 pi. Chose. 6751 a. 
Choys, sb. Choice. 2415. 
Churchegoxge. Churching. 7793 7. 

77977. p/. Churcuegoxges. 7806 7. 

Churchegang. 7797 /3. 7806 C. 

Churche joxge. 7797 5. 
Churcuex. Churches. 4645 5. 
Chuse. To choose. 7885 /3. 8173 0. 8510 /3. 
Chyldery- masse day. The feast of the 

Innocents. 7172 B. Chyldrex mas. 

7172 5. 
Chyrchegox. Churching. 7793 B. 7797 B. 
Chyuenteyx. Chief. 8246 C. 
CiRCHEX. Churches. 3023 o. 
Cirurgiax. Surgeon. 11925. 
Cite. City. 7805. 8497. 
Clajffe, 3 s. Clave. 4237 e. 
Clam, 3 s. Climbed. 6830. 
Clasibe, 3 s. Climbed. 6830 ;8. 3 pi. 

8490/3. 
Claxliche. Cleanly, completely. 2146. 

2320. 8942. XX 591. 
Claxxesse. Cleanness, purity. 6811. 6843. 

8501. 8940. 
CLAXSYD,p.p. Cleansed. 1012 /3. 
Clargie, sb. Learning. 5396 7. 

3 L 2 



900 



GLOSSARY. 



Cleef, 3 s. Clave. 423', j8. 82G9 |8. Clef. 

4237. 
Clene, adj. Pure. 4210. 6784. 6792. 
Clene, adv. Entirely. 4725. 
Clenliche. Clean, entirely. 4725 ^. 
Clepe. To call. 238 B. 469 S. 1232 5. 

pres. 3 s. Clepeth. 31 5. 179 a. Clept;J>. 

179 B. 313 B. pret. 3 s. Clepede. 313 a, 

469 B. Clepud. 313 5. Clepude. 

501 B. p.p. Clepud. 110 S. 
Clepije. Tocall. 238 a. 1232 a. Clepy)E. 

&^6a. pres.l s. Clepue. 6934 o. 
Clepy. Tocall. 1232)3. 
Cler. Pure, clean. 180. 
Clere. Bright. 2436. Cler. 8603. 
Clergye. Learning. 5396. Clergie. 

8693. 9655. Clergi^e. 539G a. 8693 a. 
Clergi^e. Clergy, ecclesiastics. XX 303. 
Clerken, gre7J. p/. Clerks'. 7512. 
Clerkene, gen. j)l. Clerks'. 10206. 
Clipte, 3 s. Embraced. 7181/8. 
Clomme, 3 pi. Climbed. 8490. Clommen. 

8490 S. 
Clomme p= Clommen vp. 8490 B (Er- 
rata). 
Clos, sb. Close, enclosure. 154. 
Closedes. Closed them. 7081 B. 
Closi. To close. 11906. pret. Closede. 

7258. 
Closy. To enclose. 663. 
CloJj. Clothing. 8009. 
CloIje)?. imper. 2 pi. 835^, 
Clo>i. To clothe. 11656. 
Cllpe, 3 s. Embraced. 310 o. 
Clupie. To call. 238. 636. 6591. pres. 

\s. Clupie. 6934. 3 s. ClupeJj. 31. 469. 

pret. 1 and 3 s. Clupede. 213. 313. 501. 

8974. 
Cluppede, 3 s. Embraced. 310 B. 
Clupte, 3 s. Clipped, embraced. 310. 

7181a. 
Cltppid, 3 s. Embraced, 310 /3. 
CoiNTE, adj. Cunning. 2337. 
Colde. False, treacherous. 2775. A 

' cold prophet ' or ' cole prophet ' is a 

false prophet. See Hey wood's Epigrams, 
. Cent. VI. ep. 89. p. 17. 
CoLK. Cunning, treacherous. 2775 B. 

Compare Chaucer, C. T. 15221,' colfox,' 

with Tyrwhitt's note. 



CoLER. Collar. 4577. 

CoLFREN. Culvers, doves. 3937. 

CoLUEREN. Doves. 3937 a. 

Com, 3 s. Came. 203. 220. 236. 359. Com 

RiDE = Came riding. 11170. ;)/. Come 

RIDE. 11684. Come pkikie =came 

spurring. 9415. 
Come. Came. 3 s. 194. 3 pi. 46. 258. 313. 

7204. 
Come, sh. Coming. G 164/8. 
Comen. To come. 231 a. 679 a. 792. 

COMENE. 2822. 3046. 459 1 B. 5927. 

11404. jjret. Comen. 205 S. 313 B. 365. 

2262 B. 7204 a. 8131a. 
Comete. Comet. 8G00. 11406. 
ComeJj, imper. 2 pi. Come ye. 5060. 
CoMFORTY. To comfort. 4205 B. 
CoMiNDE, ^r.p. Coming. 2999. 
CoMLY'NGES. Foreigners. 424 5. 
Commune. Commons. 10867. A word 

still used at Cambridge for provisions. 

In most colleges the fellows are allowed 

rooms and commons. 
CoMPAiNOUN. Companion. 11512. 
Compaynie. Company. 2116. Com- 

PAINYE. 5042. Compainie. 7634. Com- 

PAIGNI^E. 5042 a. 
CoJiJj. Becometh. 8696. 
CoNCEiL. Council. 6873. Conseil. 

6874. 
Concentede. Consented, was privy to. 

10820. 
CioNDLEN. Candles. 5889. 5893 B. ■ 
Condut. Conduct, escort. 946. 4324. 

CoNDUYT. 946 a. 4324 a. Condyt. 

946 B. CoNDYTE. 946 5. 
CoNFERMEMENT. Confirmation. 7169. 

Conferment. 7169 B. 
CoNFEKMi. To conjarm. 11028. 11842. 

XX 47. pret. Confermede. 663^. 

9171. 10701. 
CoNFERMiNG. Confirmation. 5603. 
CoNFORT. Comfort. 7227. 9804. 
CoNFORTE. To encourage. 4465 5. 
CoNFORTEDE,3 s. Comfortcd, cucouraged. 

310. 2929. 
CoNFORTi. To comfort, encourage. 2948. 

4205. 



GLOSSARY. 



901 



CoNNE. To know. 7546. 3 s. 7542. 1 ;)/. 
1086. 2 pi. 2767. Can. 2 pi. 2201. 
2768. 3;jZ. 4285. 

CoNPAiNijK. Company. 2116 a. 

CoNQUERT. To conquer. 4115. 

CoNSAYLE. To counsel. 4035. 

CoNSEiL, s6. Counsel, nil. 3470. Ladde 
a conseil = took to counsel. 6874. CoN- 
SETL. 5817. 

CoxsEiLEDE,j9re/. 3 s. &;j/. Took coun- 
sel. 2026. 7395. 

CoxsELLER. Counsellor. 5701. p/. Con- 
SEiLERS. 1975. 1978. 11050. 

CoNSEiLi. To counsel. 7356. 9249. Con- 
SETLi. 4362. 

CoxsELERs. Counsellors. 1109. 

Constructions. Homber kinges = king 
Homber's. 561. Emme bro{>er t>e queue 
= queen Emma's brother. 7064. To 
willames biofjje bastard = for the advan- 
tage of William Bastard. 7272. pe 
kinges some tennant = the son of king 
Tennant. 1380. t>e kinges nece liowel 
= the niece of king Howel. 4160. Bi 
\>e kinges dale kimbel = in the days of 
king Kimbel. 1395. Bi graciaues day 
J>e emperor. 2043. Roberdes soster 
courtehese. 8094. Is owe lionde = with 
his own hand. 1382. 1440. 3635. 3776. 
8698. Is owe body = with his own 
body, in his own person. 3812. He 
percede ost & o]?er = he pierced through 
one host after another. 4417. & wan 
coutreye & oJ>er. 6143. DeKs wounde. 
7483. Het dele. 7832. Het sette. 
9482. pe temple Salomon. 8492 AVim- 
man wrenche. 11053. Com ride. 11170. 
Come ride. 11684. Come prikie. 9415. 

CoNTASSE. Countess. 3282. 7625 a. 

CoNTEiNi. To contain, restrain. 11373. 

CoNTEK. Strife. 1852. 2005. 3202. 7109. 
9651. 

CoNTEKEDE, prct. 3 pi. Strovc. 5197. 

CoNTENANCE. Countenance, demeanour, 
outward behaviour. 6852. 

CoNTESSE. Countess. 3304. 7625. 

CoNTRE. Country. 317. Contreie. 922. 
2471. Contrete. 6143. Contkeije. 
206 a. 6143 o. pi. CoNTREIjES. 317 a. 



CoNUENANT. Covenant. 3724 B. 
CoPENER. Paramour. 6878 j3. Copixere. 

6878. COPYNER. 6878 C. 
CoM'E. Cup. 2513 B. 
CoRAGEus. Courageous. 7400. 9296. 

CORAGEOUS. 7400 5. 
CoRAious. Courageous. 7400 a. Corai- 

OUSCE. 7400/8. CORAIOUSE. 7400 7. 
CoRFE, subj. 3 s. Should carve or cut. 

4244 ;8. 
CoKiux. Horn, trumpet. H 245. 
CoKMusE. Cornemusc, a bagpipe. 

H 245 5. 
CoRXES, j)/. Corn. 493. 
CoRXWELissE. Cornish. 2816. 3849. 

CoRXEWAiLES. 2816 B. 2844 B. 

CORXWAILLISSE. 2844. 

CoROUXEMENT. Coronatiou. 5308 a. 
CoROcxYNG. Crowning, coronation. 

9055 C. 
Cons, pi. Bodies. 3057. 
CoRSi. To curse. 5993 o. 
CoRTEisiE. Courtesy. 1154. 3740. 8844. 

CoRTEYSYE. 2460. 6845. Corteisye. 

3954. CORTESiE. 10625. 
CoRTEYS. Courteous. 2845. 
CowvT^, p.p. Carved, cut. 4240 ;3. pret. 

3 pi. 6394. 11731. subj. 4244. 
CosiN. Cousin. 884. Cosine. Female 

cousin. 6773. 
Costnede, 3 pi. Cost. 8014. 8016. 
Costume. Custom. 9646. 9648. pi. 

Costumes. 9649. 
CoueiteJ?, 3 s. Coveteth. 6253. 
Coueitise. Covetousness. 1072. 1074. 

1488. CouEiTizE. 6411. Couetise. 

1074 S. 
CouELLES. Tubs. 5352 5. 
CouENT. Convent. 8923. 10143. 
CouFLES. Tubs. 5352. 
CouMBE. 5159. The other MSS. have 

' toumbe ' or ' tombe.' 
CouMHE. 10830 C. See Toumre. 
CouxTOUR. Accountant, treasurer. 11153. 

See Chaucer, C.T. 361 (Tyrwhitt). 
Coupe. Cup. 2513. 
CouR. Court. 4119. 
CouRNEMENT. Corouation. 5308. 
CousT. Cost, expense. 770. Vp is 
coust=at his expense. 3799. 



002 



GLOSSARY. 



CousTi. Liberal, lavish. H 238. ^eue 
cousTi. Lavish in giving. G 63. See 
Madden's Glossary to La^amon, b. v. 
Custi. 
Cou>K, pret. Knew. 324 (followed by 
of). 711. Could. 405. 672. 9204. p.p. 
Known. 34. CouJj. 1029.4673. 9339. 
CouwE. Cough. 6395 B. 
CowLES. Tubs. 5352 /3. 
CowjE. Cough. 6395. 
CoTXTELiCHE. Quaintly, curiously.594 B . 
Crepe>, 3 pi. Creep. 5985. 
Cresche. 11523 C. The Cotton MS, 

has Tkesche. 
Creysede, 3 s. ]SIarked with the cross 

8069 B. 
Cretsery. Crusade. 7091 B. Crey- 
serye. 8069 B. 8075 B. 8082 B. Crei- 
SERYE. 8069 5. Creiserie. 8075 5. 
Cride, 3 s. Cried. 920. 7916. 9229 (fol- 

lowed by on). 3 pi. 587. 
Criede, 3 s. Cried. 920 B. 9226. Crieden, 

3 pi. 587 &. 
Criinde, jiarL Crying. 10168. 
Cristendom. Christianity. 1527. 1616. 

10209. 
Cristexe. Christian. 1605 a. 1678. 

4912 C. pi 8128. 
Cristene manne, ijen. pi. Christian 

men's. 8509 a. 
Cristexmasse. Christmas. 7990 5. 
Cristine. Christian. 1605. 4912. ;j/. 

2937. 2939. 4528. 
Cristinemen. Christians. 8134. 
CristixeiMONNE, yen. pi. Christian men's. 

8509. 
Ckistis3IAS. Christmas. 7990 5. 
Croicede, 3 s. Marked with the cross. 
8069 a. 3 pi. Took the badge of the 
cross. 9882. 
Croiceki^e. Crusade. 8082 o. 
Croici. To mark with the cross. 10586. 
Crois. Cross. 7092. 12017. Croys. 

8076. 
Croiserie. Crusade. 7091. 8075. 10388. 
Croiserte. 8082. Croyserie. 8069. 
9938. 
Croiz. Cross. 1901. 7092 a. Croij. 

1930. 
Crokes. Crooks. XX 189. 



Crone. Crown. 7092 5. 
Cronikes. Chronicles. XX 518. 
Crony. To crown. 5903. 
Croos. Cross. 7092 5. 8073 y. 
Crounement. Coronation. 5308 B. 8912 

9500. 
Crounen, pi. Crowns. [70 B.] 
Crouni. To crown. 1802. 7855. Crouny. 

1980.2147. 7548. 9142. 
Crouning. Coronation. XX 48. Croun- 

INGE. 9055. 
Croys. Cross. 5583. 9874. 
Croy'sede, 3 s. Marked with the cross. 

8069. 
Crueluste. Most cruel. 8616 a. 
CrupeK 3 pi. Creep. 5985 o. 
Cryden, 3 pi. Cried. 587 a. 
Crystesmasse. Christmas. 7990 C, 
Cudde. Shewed. 3 s. 9889. 3 />/. 2265. 
CuLEE. To cut open. XX 24. 
CuJiELiNGES. Foreigners. 424. 429. 
CuNTREY'E. Country. 6143)3. 
CuRNE. To come into ear, used of corn. 

10044. 
Cdsse. To kiss, siihj. 2 s. 8969 a. pret. 

3 s. CnssEDE. 310 B. Cdste, 3 s. & 

pi. 2521 B. 3532. 6318. 6988. 
Cv>E. To shew. 3218. 4260. 6437. imper. 

3 s. 7314. CuY>E. 7314 S. 2 pi. Cu>E>. 

2883.2963. CuyJ>e. 2963 5. 

D. 

Daisciite, 3 p/. Dashed in pieces. 

9014 a. 
Oaiies, gen. s. Sone daijes= early in 

the day. 3409 a. 
Dai-f, ;yre/. 3 s. Delved, dug. 2774. 3 jjl- 

8134 5. 
Dalt, p.p. Dealt, divided. 542 5. 
Dalte, pret. 3 s. Dealt, divided. 1155 5. 
Dam. Dame. 11570. 
Damaiseee. Damsel. 1492. Dameisele. 

8892 a. DajmeSEL. 1492 B. 8892 C. 

Dammesele. 1492 a. Damoy'Seee. 

8892. Damysel. 1492)3. 8892 6. 

pi. Damaiseles. 562. 
Dampned, p.p. Condemned. 8679/3. 
DampneJ>. Condemneth. 6381/3. 
Danys. Danes. 7756 ;3. 



GLOSSARY. 



903 



Dar, 1 s. Dare. 816. 3 s. 6471. 1 ])l. 

Need. 4 5. See ]>.\.\i. 
Dasched, 3 pi. Dashed in pieces. 9014 /8. 

Daschte. 1186 B. 9014 C. Dasste. 

9014. 

DaJjayt. Woe betide ! XX 14. In the 
MS. the word is written dai/ \>at, and 
perhaps should be day);>at, which is one 
of the forms in which it occurs. 
See ;Madden's Glossary to Havelok 
the Dane ; and Matzner's Worterbuch 
to his Altenglische Sprachproben, s. v. 
Dahet. The word is derived from the 
old French deshait or dehait, sorrow, 
affliction, which is used as an inter- 
jection, like the Latin vce and our tvoe ! 
See Roquefort, Glossaire de la Languc 
Romane. s.v. Dehait. DaJ>eyt, XX 14 5. 

Dauxgek. Danger. 175!. 

Daave, s. Day, used metaphorically for 
life. 5907. 6362. 8327. </en. s. Dawks. 
Sone dawes = early in the day. 3409. ;>/. 
Dawes. 312. 342. 3971. 6670. 

Dawiinge, sb. Dawn. 4245. Dawtxge. 
4245 B. Dawyjinge. 4245 a. 

Date, p/. Days. 7285. 7287. 8747. 

Deboneee. Debonair. 3481. 5816. 6778. 
7602. 

Debrisede, 3 pZ. Were bruised. 8495. 

Debrosede, 3 s. Bruised. 7491 /3. 

Debrusede, 3 s. Was bruised. 11105. 
3;j/. Were bruised. 8495 B. 5832 B. 
3 pi. Bruised. 6059 B. Debruskd. 
5832 C. 6059 C. p.p. Debrused, 6286. 
7491. 10905. 

Debrysep, ;5./i. Bruised. 7491 B. 

Decerte, sb. Desert, merit. 5059. 

Deciples. Disciples. 4783. 

Ded, 3 s. Did. 274 5. 1689 5. 

Ded bore. Dead born. 5069. Dede 
BORN. 5069 /3. 

Deddex, 3 p/. Did. 3998 5. 

Dede. Did. 3 s. 270. 274. 3 pi. 251 y. 
264. 

Dede. Deed. 1649. ;>/. Dedex. G 99. 

Dedeyx. Disdain. 3583. 3993. 

Dedijcii. Deadly, mortal. 4583. Ded- 
liciie. 4583 o. 



Dedliche, adv. Mortally. H 259. 

Ded on, 3 s. Put on. 3161 5. 

Dedut. Sport, pastime, pleasure. 11857. 

Deep. Deaf. 7221 i3. 

Deer. A wild beast. II 63. 

Defattn-te. Default. 827 0. 

Defaute. Default, lack, want. 28. 827. 

977. 6209. ;}/. Defawtes. 977 5. 
Defe. Deaf. 7221 S. 
Defexdi. To defend. 3039. 6260.10247. 

pres. 1 pi. Defexdi. 4064 o. De- 

fexdeJ>. 4064 B. imper. 2 pi. De- 

fexde]>. 3597. pre<. 3 p\. Defexdede. 

11585. 
Defensables. On the defensive. 11423. 
Defijedest. Defiedest. G 207. To 

' defy ' here seems to mean to shake off 

allegiance. 
Defouli. To defoul, insult. 1330. 11213. 

3 s. & pi. Defodlede. 2691. 5620. 

p.p. Defouled. 10905. 
Deie. To die. 427. 786. pres. 3 pi. 

DeieJj. 1009. pret. 3 s. Deide. 539. 

1680. 1860. 4588. Detde. 1679. 

Deiede. 1860j3. SeeT>EYE. 
Deiinge, sb. Dying. 9923. 
Deinede, 3 s. Deigned. 11645. 
Deixte. Gret deinte tolde of hem = re- 
garded them with great care or atten- 
tion. 6455. 
Deis. Dais. 7166. 11074. 
Dei)en. To die. 6717 0. pret. 3 s. 

Dei^de. 7245 o. Deinede. 1860 a. 

4588 a. 
Dei)exge, sb. Dying. 9923 C. 
Del. Part, share. 723. 876. 3856. 
Del. Sorrow, grief. 2357. 2621. 3349. 4287. 
Dele. To deal, divide, separate. 690. 

7832.10108. Delen. 690o. pres. 3 s. 

Dele>. 5575 o. Delethe. 5575 S. 

pi-et. 3 s. Delede. 730. Delde. 876. 

1155. 2344. 4707. Deled. 1155 0. 

See Dalte. jtret. 3 pi. Deldkx. 876 B. 

p.p. Deled. 542 B. See Dalt. 
Delfol. Doleful. 5045 C. Delful. 245 5. 

830)3. 8574 C. 
Delice. Pleasure. 4026. 
Delit. Delight. 3334. 5436. 



904 



GLOSSARY. 



Deliueki. To deliver. 1752. 8727. De- 
LiDERY. 2067. 6990. 7836. iwper. 1 pi. 

Delideki. 2886. 
Delue. To dig. 2772. S'eeDALF. 
Deluol. Doleful. 2196. 
Demayde. prel. 3 pi. Dismayed. 8267. 

Demayede. 3267 j8. 
Demde, 3 s. Condemned. 10362. 
Deme. To adjudge. 4007. Suiche domes 

to deme = to pass sucli sentences.11807. 
DEMEMBKED,/J.p. Dismembei'ed, mutilated. 

11727. 
Demliciie. Dimly. 11743. ?or 'So 

demliche,' the reading of the MS... Hearne 

prints ' Sodeinliche,' suddenly, Avhich is 

perhaps correct. 
Dempne}>. Condemueth. 6381 a. 
Denchax. a Danish axe. 6060 B. 
Deneys. Danes. 5219. 5398. Denays. 

5398 a. Deneis. 6066. 7660. 
Denischs. Danish. 6060 o. 
Dentee = Deinte. 6455 S. 
Denyte = Deynte. 6455 B. 
Deol. Sorrow, grief. 304. 454. 2357 B. 
Deolful. Doleful. 245 B. 830 B. 

2196 B. 7266 S. 
Deolvol. Doleful, sad. 245. 418). 7266. 
Deop. Deep. 6107. 
Deouel. Devil. 5631 a. 8642 a. ge}i. s. 

Deoueles. 3602 a. 
Dep. Deep. 146. 4795. 6107 B. 
Depautede,3;9/. Divided. 431. Separated. 

6325. Departed. 6323. p.p. Dt- *rted. 

[70 B.] XX 283. 
Departe}>, 3 s. Divideth. 4769. 5575 y. 
Dee. a wild beast. H 69. Deke. H 69 0. 
Der, pi. Deer. 9047 
Deuc. Dark. 5546. 11742. Derk. 1742. 
Deke. Deamess, dearth. 8598. 
Deukuede. Dearness, 8598 P. Dekiiede. 

8598 S 
Dereny. To determine, decide. 7407 C. 
Dereyny. To determine, decide. 5799. 

Dereyni. 7407. 
Derkiiede. Darkness. 11740. 
Dep.xe. Secret. 2466. 5874. H ISH. 
Derste, 3 .1. Needed. 6389 C. 6395 C. 

Derst. 7714 C. S'cc DoRRE. 



DerJ-e. Dearth. 8598 e, 
Desconforted. Discomforted, dis- 
heartened. 43 IG. 
Descord. Discord. 4039. 
Descriuinge. Survej, census. 1387. 1394. 
Deserie. To disinherit. 1880 B. 
Deserite3. Disinherited persons. 1881. 

9272. 9418. 11575. 
Deseriti. To disinherit. 1880. 6700. 
2jret. 3 s. Deseritede. 7581. 10066. 
p.p. Deserited. 7705. 11509. 11793. 
Desherites. Disinherited persons. 1881 a. 
Desiri. To desire, pres. 1 s. 6307. 
Desordeini. To deprive of orders. 9724. 
Despeplede, 3 pi. Promulgated. 10649. 

p.p. Despepled. 11966. 
Despit. Disgrace. 423. 881. 3294. 

Spite. 869. 4833. 
Dest, 2 s. Doest. 3994. 
Destance. Strife, quarrel. 10533. 12018. 
Destorbance. Disturbance. 8823. Des- 

TOURBANCE. 8986. 10574. 12014. 
Destourbede, 3 s. Disturbed. 969.2000. 

8985. p.p. Destourbed. 8167. 
Destourbi. To disturb. XX 384. 
Destourbinge. Disturbance. 7171. 
Destourbringe. Disturbance. 7171 B. 
Destresse, s6. Distress. 9111. 11976. 
Destrie. To destroy. 5215 C. 
Destrue. To destroy. 4862 B. 5215. 

pres. 3 pi. Destrue^. 2229. 2835 j3. 

2)ret. 3 s. Destruede. 7G61. pret. 3 pi. 

Destrude. 5944 a. Destruede. 47. 

5944. Destruide. 47 a. Destruiode 

(PDestruiede). 47 B. p.p. DESTituD. 

6508 B. 7667 a. Destrude. 6508 a. 

Destrued. 6007. 6508. 7667. 
Destruye. To destroy. 4862. Dest- 

RDY^E. 5215. pres. 3 pi. Destruide)?. 

222y a. Destruy^eJ). 2835 «. De-. 

struyes. 2835. Destruye>. 2229 B. 

2835 B. prez. 3 ;)/. Destruyd. 5944 5. 
Destrye. To destroy. 4862 C. pret. 

3 s. Destryede. 1274 B. 3 pi. Des- 

tryed. 5944 C. 
Desturbled, 3s. Troubled, disturbed 

8985 C, 



GLOSSARY. 



905 



Dette. Debt. 9714. 

DeK 3 s. Doth, doeth. 179. 4G9. 5059. 

9333. pi. 1288. DeJ> >erto = acldeth 

thereto. 638. 
De>e. Death. 5119. 
DeJjes wouNDE. A deadly wound. 1144. 

3829. 4582. 5606. 5868. Used adverb- 
ially. 7488. 
De)> V0EL. Pangs of death.706 1 .7 737.9 1 20. 
Deue. Deaf. 7221. 
Deuel. Devil. 5631. 6876. 7438. 8642. 

gen. s. Deueles. 3602. p/. Deuelex. 

10417. 
Deueles limes. Devil's limbs. 9755. 
Deuentsche. Danish. 6060/3. 
Deueniss. Danish. 6060. 
Dbye. To die. 2118. 2824. 6717. 7259. 

Dey^e. 786 a. 2118 a. 6717 o. 
Detxes. Danes. 7756 o. 
Deynescii. Danish. 6060 C. 
Dicn. Ditch. 1906. pi. Diches. 8465. 
DiDE. Did. 3 s. 270 p. 274 p. Spl. 251 jS. 

264 )3. 1 )IDEX. 933 j8. 3998 /3. 8937 /3. 
DiGNE. Worthy, noble. 2813. 4762 C. 
DiGNETE. Dignity. 6387. 
Diners. Dinners. 11682. 
DiNGXE. Noble. 4762. 
DiscoRDiXGE, sb. Disagreemeut. 5109. 
DiSERYTE. To dispossess. 7705 5. 
DisiiERETED, pret. 3 s. Dispossessed. 

7705)3. 
DiSHEKiTEDE. 7705 a. p.p. Disherited, 

XX 105. 
DisiiEuiTi. To disinherit. 1880 a. 
Disparpoiled, p.p. Scattered. 8167 fi. 
Distaxce. Strife, enmity. XX 282. 
DiSTORBED, 3 s. Disturbed. 8985 y. 
DiSTORBLE. To disturb. XX 384)3. 
DiSTROiE)>, 3 pi. Destroy. 2229 p. 
DiSTROUBELAXCE. Disturbance. 2883 e. 

DiSTROUBLEAUXCE. 8986 6. 

DiSTROUBLE. To disturb. 6825 j8. 
DisTRUYD, 3p/. Destroyed. 3815. p.p. 

7667 5. 
DiSTRUYTH, 3p^. Destroy. 2835 5. 
DisTURBLYXGE. Disturbance. 7171)3. 

DiSTURBELYXGE. 71717. 



DijTE. To prepare, get ready, arrange, 

deal with. 1536. 3101. 8417. imper. 2 pi. 

Di)TE}>. 2990. pret. 3 s. Dijte. 6175. 

3 pi. 8777. p.p. DijT. 3371.5581)3. 
Do = put or set, in the phrases. Do in 

prison. 875 B. Do an horse = 6et on 

horseback. 837. Do forJ>. 933. Do 

bituene. 1136. Do J>er inne = put 

therein. 295. Dude >er. 1170. Jjerinne 

dude. 1177. Do on. 1459. Do> out. 

2778. Do vnderlechecraft. 2974. Dude 

in to is mou)). 7028. Do to de|>e = put to 

death. 7362. 
Do, p.p. Done. 455. 625. 
Doeecll. Doleful. 72667. 8574 7. 
DOEL. Sorrow. 4287 7. 6968 y. 
Doelful. Doleful. 8574 )3. 
DoiFUL, for « Doilful,' doleful. 2196 ;8. 
DoiLE. Sorrow. 304/3. Doil. 800*»|3. 

2357 $. 6968 j8. 
Doilful. Doleful. 7266 $. 
Dole. Sorrow. 454 )3. 
Doled, 3p/. Lamented. 4411 )3. 
DoLUE,3p/. Digged. 8134. Doluex.8134j8. 
Dome. Doom, judgment. 1243. Doji. 

2096. 2991. 6430. 6709. 6718. pi. 

Domes. Dooms, sentences. 1230. 

11807. DoMus. 1230 a. 
DoxE, ijif. To done = to do. 1431. 2487. 

7749. To don. 1482. 
Dox\vARD. Downward. 6949. 7470. 
DooL. Sorrow. 4287/8. 7820 7. 
DoREX. Doors. 10189. 
DoRRE, used as an auxiliary verb, like 

A. S. ))earf, oportet, opus est. Need. 

2p/. 9382. 9385.9392. 3p/. 4. 1003. Can 

or ought. 3 s. 2417. 1 pi. 922. 3p/. 1007. 

DuRRE. 2 pi. 9392 C. 3 pi. 4 B. 1003 B. 
DoRSTE, 3 s. Durst, needed. 504. 790. 

6289. 6389. 6395. Dorst. 1973 5. 9409. 
DossE. Fr.rfoMze.pedossepers = the twelve 

peers of the round table. 3909. 410.3. 
DosiLS. Spigots. 11228. 
DoK 3 pi. Do. 721. 1288. 3460. imper. 

2 pi. 837. 
DoL'MBE. Dumb. 2777. 
DouNE, si. Down. 7481. 



906 



GLOSSARY. 



DouxE, adv. Down. 6593. The reading 

of S is ydon^done. 
DoTJST. Dust. 2890. 
DouTE. To fear. 4. 1747. 2332 B. Dou- 

TEN. 2332 a. pret. 3 s. Hi pi. Doutede. 

3752. 5587. Douted. 6328 B. Dow- 
ted. 6328 5, 
DouTE, s6. Tear. 413. 11386. 
DouTREX. Daughters. 684 a. 3278 a. 
DOOTT. To fear. 2332. 2S07. Douti. 

7193. Perhaps ' Doutibe ' may be an 

error for ' DoutieJ'.' 
DoujTKEN. Daughters. 3278^. 
Do)TEK. Daughter. 1836. pi. Do^tren. 

684. 3278. 6462. 7620. 
Dradde, 3 s. Dreaded. 611. 1311. 1481. 

(followed by tcanne) 6287. 6539. 
Draixte, 3p/. Drowned. 1186. 
Drauex, jyret. ^pl. Drove. 474 fi. 
Drawe, p.p. Drawn. 5905 y. 
Draave, adj. Drawn. 11072. 
Drawe>, imper. 2 pi. Draw. 7450 o. 
Draynt, p.p. Drowned. 8289 j3. 
Dredde, 3 s. Dreaded. 1481 /8. 
Drede, 3 s. Dreaded. 611 ^. 
Dreue, sb. Dread. 2618. 
Dreinte, 3 s. Drowned. 632 a. 
Drench. Drink, draught. 1555. 3168. 

Drenciie. 3168 a. H 215. XX 296. 
Drexche. To drown. 1174 a. pret. 3 s. 

DRENcnED. Was drowned. 6831 5. 
Drent, 3 s. Drowned. 632 /3. 
Dreki. Sorrowful. 7218. 
Dreuen, pret. 3 pi. Drove. 4630 5. 
Dretnt, 3 s. Drowned. 556 5. 632 7. 

1910B. 3pl.nS6 0.p.p. 1187/8. 1910S. 

Dreyxte, 3 s. "Was drowned. 6831/3. 
Drif}), pres. 3 s. Driveth. 5049. 
Drixk hail. 2518. 2519. 
Driue, pret. 3 pi. Drove. 474. 491. 930. 

p.p. Driven. 4803 y. 9G79. G 194. 
Driuex, pre<. 3/)/. Drove. 474 a. 
Driuende. Driving. 473 a. 
Driuinde. Driving. 473. 
Drof, 3s. Drove 8. 27. 886. 3471. 6156. 

6645. 7787. Drofk. 72867. 3;)/. 

Drofe. 938 5. 
Dronc. DROXK,;)7r/. 3 s. Drank. 3451. 



Droxg, 3 s. Drank. 3458. 

Droxke, 3 pi. Drank. XX 296. 

Drou, 3 s. Drew, 252. 256 a. 341. 4182. 

Drotv. 324. 
Drou^. Drew, drew near, and hence, was 

attached to, belonged to, gave himself to. 

3 s. 121. Drou, Is. 7201. 3s. 3162. 
Dro-vve. Drew. 2 s. 2832. 3 ^;/. 256. 

321. 380. 
Drow), 3 pi. Drew. 321 /8. Tore in 

pieces. 5299 5. 
Druerye. Love. 3957. 
Druri. Sorrowful. 7218 a. 
Drdye. Dry. 10960. 
Dryed, p.p. Endured, suffered. 6003 $. 
Dryf, 3 s. Driveth. 5049 C. 
Dryfe, pret. 3 pi. Drove. 4722 e. [11 e.] 
Dryffe, pret. 3 ^j/. Drove. 4630 e. T 6 e. 
Dryuande. Driving. 473 j3. 
Dryde, 3;j/. Drove. [11 B.] p.p. Driven. 

6648 7. 
Dryuex, 3 pi. Drove. 930 5. [11 5.] 
Dud, 3 pi. Did, 264 S. 379 5. 
Dude. Did. 3 s. 270 B. 274 a. 590. 

1689. 3 pi. 251. 264 B, 379. 3998. 

Duden. 933 B. 3998 a. 7909 a. Put. 

7682. Dud him in J>e se. 12033. See Do. 
DuDEST, 2 s. Didst. 8809 e, 
DuiRE. To endure. 1581 a. 
DuL. Sorrow. 304 a. 454 a. [99 a.] 

DuLE. [99 e.] 
DuEEDE, 3 pi. Lamented. 4411 a. 
DuLUE, 3 pi. Digged. 8134 C. 
DuLFOL. Doleful. 830 a. 2196 a. 4180 a. 

7266 a. 
DuNEDE, 3 s. Resounded. 9416, 
DuxT. A. blow, stroke. 387. 400. 2898. 

3824. ;jZ. Duxtes. 2591. 6186. 
Dup. Deep. 146 B. 5622 a. 6107 a. Dupe. 

1136 a. 
Dure. Dear. 8177 a. 
DuR. Deer, beast. H 54. H 76. ffen. s'. 

Ddres. H 88. pi. DuR. 9047 a. 
Dure. To endure. 387. 1581. 3760. 

3956. 4598. p.p. Duryxge. 4368 P. 
DuRED. Dearness, dearth. 8598 C. 
DuRHEDE. Dearness, dearth, 8598 a. 
Ddri. To last, endure, 3956 a. 



GLOSSARY. 



907 



DuEiXDE. Enduring. 4368. 

DuRXK. Secret. 5874 C. 

DuiiRK. See Dokiie. 

Dust, 2 s. Didst. 8809. 

Du)>. 4795 a. Perhaps an error for Dur. 

DuYK. Duke. 392 a. 

DwELLEN. To dwell. G 20 S. 

Dtntes. Blows. 9013 jS. Dynxtes. 

9013 e. 
Dtntus. Dints, blows. 3824 5. 
Dyke. To endure. 1581/3. 
Dyee. Dear. 8177 C. 
Dystkohble. To disturb. XX 384 e. 2>ret. 

3 s. Dystroubled. 8985 f. 

E. 

Eakd. Earth, land. G 20. 

Ecu. Any. 1. 6841. 7230. Eciie. 1 B. 

Eciie. To increase. 981. 3739. 4095. 

Ecuen. To increase. 2092 5. 4095 5. 

Echne, ace. Each. 1399 a. 

ECHOX. Each one. 341 j3. 365. 

Ede, 3 s. Went. 987 a. 

Edit. Edict. 11966. 

Edwit. Taunt, reproach. 7791. Edwyt. 

7791 C. 
Edwyte. To taunt, reproach. 7791 5. 
lE.ETE,pret. 3 s. Ate. [100/3.] 5613 7. 
Efne. Even, exactly, straight. 148 o. 

414 a. 480 a. 
Ef soke. Soon after. 1896. 2812*. 3628 B. 

5217. 
Eft. Afterwards. 3627. 7230. 9531. 

Efte. 3628 5. 
Efter. Afterward. 5129 B. 
Eftsoxe. Soon after. 1896 a. 2153. 3628. 

XX 406. 
Egged.- Edged, having an edge. 5542 )3. 
Egleche. Bold, daring. XX 125. See 

Stratmann, s. v. 
Egre. Eager, fierce. 1786. 
Eir. Air. 8122. 

EiR. Heir. 857. Eire. 9064 8. pi. Eirs. 

6406. EiRiS. 4193 o. Eirys. 4913 C. 

EiRES. 4913 0. Eyers. 4913 e. 

Eir. Swiftness, vehemence. 673. 1183. 

3824. 3826 a. 4293 a. 8 1 78. Grct eir = 



Eir — cont. 

Old French, (/rant crre, which Roquefort 
(^Glossciire dc la lanijnc liomane') ex- 
plains as ' promptcmeut, en diligence, 
grand train.' Lat. iter. 
Eire. Iron. 9019)3. 
Eire of iustize. The circuit made by 

the judges. 10647. Lat. iter. 
Eisciite, 3 s. Asked. 6046 C. 
EiSELYCii. Easily. 7470 C. 
EiTETE>E. Eighteenth. 1860 o. 8981 C. 

Eytete1>e. 8981 o. 
Eiteti. Eighty. 9897 C. 
Eite}>e. Eighth. XX 409. 
EitetuJje. G 158. A doubtful reading. 
Ei)E. Fear. 2254 /3. 6141 o. Sec Eye. 
Ei)E. Eye. 1609 o. pi. Eyje. 6716 o. 

El)E. 8655 a. Ei^EX. 6716 fi. 8655 )3. 
Eijte. Property, possessions. Is quic 

ei^te = his live stock. 11108. 
Eijte. Eight. 1429. 5930. Eizteli. 9897. 
Ei^TEXE. Eighteen. 1860^3. 
Ei)tetexe. Eighteen. 1427. Ei^tetex. 

8981. 
EijteteJje. Eighteenth. 6490. 8981 5. 
Ei)te{>e. Eighth. 1860. 4355. 
E15.TETY. Eighty. 5930. Eijteti. 9897. 
Eijttexe. Eighteenth. XX 409 e. 
Ek. Also. 11. 79. 95. 99. Eke. 14. 

109/6. 
Eke. To increase. 981 /8. 2092 /S. 3739 /8. 
Eknt. To increase. 2092 a. 
Elde. Age, old age. 241. 688. 722 a. 

1975. 2013. 6426. 7842. 
Elded, 3 s. Aged. 9112/3. Eldid. 

91127. 
Elder, pi. Elders. 907 S. 7424 C. 

7425 C. 
Eldeuxe. Elders. 1495 5. 2223. 3708. 

4039 B. 7424. 7425. 9176 B. 9399. 
Eldore, adj. Elder. 743. 7567. Eldor. 
880. 7829 C. Eldore. jjI. Elders. 907. 
1431. 1495. 9176. Eldorxe. 4039. 
Eldost. Eldest. 684. 4790. Eldoste. 

5245. 6084. 7829. 
Eldre. Elders. 2223 B. 
Eldrexe. Elders. 249. Eldrex. 1495 B. 
3708 /8. 



908 



GLOSSARY. 



Eldris. Elders. 907 /3. 

Elduste. Eldest. 'j735 C. 

Elede, 3 s. Oiled, anointed. 5329. XX 200. 

Elegeance. Alleviation. 1884 a. 

Eliance. Alliance. 277. 1985. Eltaunce. 

1985 «. 
Eligiaunck. Alleviation. 1884/3. 
Ellene. Eleven. 481 B. 626 B. 1867 B. 
Er-LENEj>. Eleventh. 3578 fi. 
Elt.es. Else, otherwise. 9258. 
Elles ware. Elsewhere. 1934. Elles- 

WERE. 6170. 
Elleuene. Eleventh. 5467 fi. 
Elleuethe. Eleventh. 8578 y. 
Elnen. Ells. 8834. 
Elne 5ERDES. Ellyards, ells ; measures of 

length. 8834 a. 
Eluene. Elves. 2754. 
Eljerdes. Ells. 8834 P. 
Emate. Ant. 5985 S. pi. Ematen. 

5985 S. 
Eme. Uncle. 2862 fi. A corruption of 

the reading ' )eme.' 
Emete. Ant. 5985 C. pi. Emetene, 

5985 C. Emeten. 5985 C. 
Emperasse. Empress. 9064 /3. 
Emperesse. Empress. 9064. 
Emferie Empire. 1887 B. 1897B. 
Emtt. Empty. 1145 B. 
Encented, 3 s. Assented. 3555 B. 3 j)l. 

Encentede. 6663. 9155. 
Encenty. To consent. 2118. 
Enchanteor. Enchanter. 668. pi. En- 

CHANTEORS. 2711 a. 

Enchanterie. Enchantment. 234. 3109. 
Enchesen. Cause, occasion. XX 291. 

Encheson. 2408. 5437. 5901. 9284. 

Enchesoun. 10389. 
Ende, sb. Bound. XX 357. 
Endi. To end. 4199. G 244. 
Endlefdb. Eleventh. 8578 5. 
Endlefe. Eleventh. 8440 C. 
Endlefte. Eleventh. 5467. 6042. 8578 C. 

8859 S. XX .'553 5. 
EndlefJ>e. Eleventh. 8440 B. 
Endleue. Eleven. 1867 a. 
Endleuene. Eleven. 8623 C. 8859 C. 

Endeleuene. 8623 5. 



Endleue))E. Eleventh. 8440. 
Enduyre. To endure. 1581 S. 
Endy. To end. 3886. 
Ene, ac/y. Once. 817. 6951. 8949. Ene 
&EUERE. 9671. At ene. 1077. 2130. 
8496. 
Enes. Once. 1623. 4058. 4220. 7716. 
Enfermi. To strengthen, fortify. 11517. 
Englich. English. 4802. H 9. Engliche. 

4802 C. 
Enguchs. English. 2671 a. [124 a.] 
Englischs. English. 7543 a. 
Engliss. Enghsh. 1450. 2671. 7543. 

Englyss. 4802 B. [124 B.] 
Englisse. English. 61. 
Enhaunce. To enhance, raise. 4075 S. 
Eni. Any. 351. 

Enimon. Any man. 969. Enymon. 3043. 
Enioynede, 3 s. Enjoined. 4813. 
Enlefne. Eleven. 626 a. 8623 a. 
Enlefte. Eleventh. 8440 a. 8578. XX 553. 
Enlefne. Eleventh. 5467 a. 
Enlegeance. Alleviation. 1884. 
Enleue. Eleven. 481. 626. 1867. 
Eni.euene. Eleven. 8623. 8859. 
Enlyance. Alliance. 277 B. 
Enoynted, 3 s. Anointed. 5329 5. 
Enprisonede, 3 s. Imprisoned. 9521. 
Enqueintaunse. Acquaintance. 6769. 
Enquere. To enquire. 7675 y. pret. 3 s. 

Enquerede. 10469. 
Enqueri. To enquire. 7675. 
Enresonede, 3 s. Conversed with. 6560, 
Ensampi.e. Example. 8973. 8975. 
Ensent, sb. Consent. 6481. 
Ensentan. Assenting. [8B.] 
Ensented, 3 s. Assented. 3555 S. 3 pi. 

9155 C. Ensentede. [68B.] 6315. 
EnsenteJj, 1 pi. Assent. 6204. 
Entached. Entached wel = having good 
qualities or conditions. See Promp- 
tnrium. Parvulorura, s.v. Tetche. G 165. 
Entacched. G165j8. 
Entemperate. Temperate. 8848 e. 
Entempre. Temperate. 8848. Entem- 

roRE. 8848 S. 
Entente. Intention. 10358. 



GLOSSARY. 



909 



Entissede, 3 s. Enticed. 752. Enti- 

CEDE. 4836. 
Entre. Entry. 3311 B. 
ExTUEDiT. Interdict. 10155. 10393. 

Entuedite. XX 568. 
Entreditede, 3 i>l. Laid under an 

interdict. 10184. 
Entreie. Entry. 3311. 
Entri. To enter. li 142. 
Envenimed. Poisoned. 3 ;)/. 3455. 

ExvENTMEDE. 3455 u. j)./). Enuknimed. 

1011. 
Envyje. Envy. 2603 a. 
EoDE. Went. ;)re/. 3 s. 4199. 8869. 3p/. 

587. 1217. 176GB. 2149 B. 
Er, 3;j/. Are. G 144. 
Ek. Ere. 203 B. 354. 622. 6323 a. Sooner. 

7824. Er |jan. Before that. 952. 4999. 

6752. 7881. 
Er AFTER. Hereafter. A 28. 
Erande. Errand. 3087. 
Ercedekne. Archdeacon. 9602. 9706. 
Erchebissop. Archbishop. 86. 3042. 

pi. Erchebissopes. 83. 
Erchebissopriche. Archbishopric. 1664. 

3978. 
Erciiedekene. Archdeacon. 9706 0. 
Erche temples. Chief temples. 1660. 

1664. 
Erde. Earth. 9052. 
EuE. Ear. 10118. 
Eres. Ears of corn. 10045. 
Erede, pret. 3 pi. Eared, ploughed. 

492 B. Ereden. 492 a. 
Brest. First. XX 167. 
Erinde. Errand. 10313. 
Eritage. Ileiitage, inheritance. 985. 1890. 

6408. 7829. Eritages. 9308. 
Ert.. Earl. 1105.3895. p/. Erles. 3877. 

S895. 
Erlyche. Earthly. 5102 C. 
Ermites. Hermits. 4847. 
Ern. Eagle. 4397. D 4. j^ch. Ernes. 3670. 
Ernde. Errand. 3087 B. 
Erne. Corner. 7343 B. 
Erne, /)re^ 3 s. Ran. 6202 5. Ernest. 

pres. 2 s. Runnest. 6570 S. Ernst, 

6570. 



Ernede, 3 pi. liode rapidly, lit. ran. 6032 5. 
Ernvng. Earning, desert, reward. 

11060 C 
Ernynge. Running. 8288 5. 
Eror, adj. Former. 3424. 6642. Erore. 

6642 C. adv. Erore. Formerly. H 103. 
Ert, 2 s. Art. 279 a. 286 o. G.302 5. G 203. 
Er)>e dene. Earth din, earthquake. 8577 /3. 

ErJje den. 8577 5. 
Eul>GRiNE. Earthquake. 8577. 10934. 

ErJ>egrene. 8577 C. Er> grene. 8577o. 
Er)>gryJ>e. Earthquake. 8577 B. 
EubLicii. Earthly. 5102. Er]>liche. 

5102 a. 
Eruest. Harvest. 77987. 
EsciiE. To ask. 369 o. 5005 C. 7690 C. 

9298 C. pres. 3 pi. Esche)>. 4037. pret. 

3 s. EsciiED. [37 C] EscnTE. 702 a. 

919. 1043. EsciiSTE. 6046 o. 7553 a. 

EscHT. 604G S. 3 ju/. EsCHTE. 367 a. 
EsE. Easy. 529 B. 
EsELiciiE. Easily. 7470. 
EsiLiCHE. Easily. 7470 /8. 
EsscHE. To ask. 7690 a. pres. 3 pi. 

EsscHEjj. 4037 a. 
Esse. To ask. 369. 716. 6471. 7690. 

pres. 1 ;;/. Esse)>. 1028G. 3 pi. 4037 B. 

pret. 3 s. EssTE. 702. 1975. 6046. 6923. 

3 pi. 367. 
Est, 2 s. Eatest. 4918. 
Ester. Easter. 7723. 9044. 
EsTERDAY. Easter day. 6761. 
EsTESOU>. South-east. 4965. 
Est most. Most easterly. 4494. 
EsTRE. Easter. 3273. 10071. 
ET,;}re^3s. Ate. 5613. 8060.9117. 10091. 
ETE,;>re<. 3 s. Ate. [100 B.] 3;;/. 8336. 
EJ:>. Easy. 6693. 
E)3ENE. Heathens. 1804. 
Etten, j».jj. Eaten. [100 €.] 
EtteJje. Eighteenth. 5116 B. 
Eu. You. 215 o. 580 o. 4829 a. 6840 a. 
Ece. Evening. 3327. 3328. 5879. 
Eueled, 3 s. Fell sick. XX 429. 
EuENE. Gentle, moderate. 3984. Al an 

euene = quite evenly, quietlj'. 9567. 

See Maddeu's Glossary to Lajamon, s.v. 

cffne. 



910 



GLOSSARY. 



EvENE. Exactly, just, Straight. 414.480. 

730.2995.8404. 11071. Evene est = 

due east. 148. Evene vpri^t. 157. 

Jliyt evene. 8592. 
EuEKCHONE. Every one. 6892 5. 
EuER ECiiE. Each. 8314 /8. 
EuERECHONE. Every One. 365 ^. 383^. 
EuEREFT. Ever after, ever since. 5709. 

6547. 
EuEKicHE. Each, every. 7473 /8. Euekicii. 

8314. 
Eueuiciion. Every one. 365 a. 383 a. 

Eueuychone. 365 7. 383 7. 2276 5. 
EuERiDEL. Every bit. 813. 1735. 
Euermo. Evermore. 558. Eueeemo. 

1080. EUEREMOR. 10427. 
EuERNE. From of old. 1672. See Strat- 

mann, s.v. if urn, and Madden's Glossary 

to La^amon, s. v. iuiirn. 
EuESON. Evensong. 7605 B. 
EuESONG. Evensong. 7605. 
EuRE. Your. 2445 a. 4035 a. 7425 a 

EUK. 4569 a. 7424 a. 
EoYL iiELE. Misfortune, mischief. 7282 8. 
EwANGELiST. Evangelist. 1528. 714". 
Ex. Axe. H 67. 

Ey. Egg. 8334. EiE. 8334 fi. Ey^. 8334 S. 
Eye, pi. Eyes. 5407. 6716. 7258. 
Eye. Eear, 591. 2254. 5644. 6141. 9617. 

10449. Ey-)E. 2254 a. 
Eten. Eyes. 4144. 5348. 5513. 6716 7. 

7185. EiiiN. 8655. Eyn. 8655 B. 
Eyer. Heir. 9064 e. 
Eyfold. Haughty, 7729 C. 
Eyful. Haughty. 7729 5. 
Eygh. Eear. 56447. 
Eyk. Heir. 1680. 9543. pi. Eyrs. 4913. 
Eyr, Air. 2749. 

Eyr. Speed, haste. 4293. 4549. Sec EiK. 
Eysi. Easy. 529. 
Eytetene. Eighteen. 627 a. 
EyteteJje. Eighteenth. 6490 a. 
EytuJje. Eighth. 4355 a. 
Ey-^ene. Eyes. XX 27. 
Ey^te. Eighth. 4355 P. 
Ey'^tetene. Eighteen. 5590, 
.Ey^teJje. Eighteenth. 6490 B. 
E^TETENE. Eighteen. 627 



F. 

Fader. Father, 192. 227. 243., &c. 
Fauerlese. Fatherless. 2721. Fader- 

LES, 6739. 
Failmnge, sh. Falling, fall. 4241 a. 
Faire. 1202/3. -.VeeFARE. 
Fale. Many. 154. 208 a. 831 a. 1594. 

3067 a. 4824 o. 8594 a. 
Fai,i|>. Falleth. 8983 C. 
FAELE,p.j>. Fallen. 1537 B. 
Falle = Faee, 8594 C. 
Fallid, 3 s. Happened. 8601 /8. 
FalliJj, 3 s. Falleth. 182 j3. 
Falsedoi.[. Falsehood, treachery, 852 /3. 
Falsuede. Falsehood. 7368. 7372. 
Falsliciib. Falsely. 7270. 
Fange. To receive. 1226 5. 
Fanston, Fontstone. 5898 )3. 
Fantston. Fontstone. 4960 C. Fant- 

STONE. 5898 S. 
Fanty'se. Dissimulation. 460 7. 
Fare. Manner, fashion. 2743. 
Fare. To go, journey. 7379. XX 313. 

To depart. H 191. 
Fare. Journey, voyage. 1202. po \>e 

emperor isei Jsat his fare nas no^t here 

= when the emperor saw that his journey 

did not lie in that direction. 7929. 
Farreste, adj. Furthest. 3072 B. -S'ec 

Errata. 
Fastor. Faster. 3392 B. Fastore. 

3392 a. 8509 a. 
Faugiite, 3 s. Fought. 8796 7. 
Faughten, 3 joZ. Fought. 4426 7. 
Fawe, adv. Fain, gladly. 224 a. 1326 B. 

3150 a. 
Fa)t, 3 s. Fought. 4146. 5545. 
Fe. Possessions, property. 6860. 9659. 
Febi.e. Poor, mean. 832. 
Feisle. To grow feeble. 7785 B. 7813 7. 

pret. 3 s. Feblede. 7177 a. 
Febleliciie. Feebly. 6125. 
Feblenys. Feebleness. 9110 e. 
Feblesse. Feebleness. 3443. 3673. 6289, 

7191.9110.9567. 
Febli. To grow feeble. 7785. Feblt. 7813. 
Febliciie. Feebly. 11771. 
Feblisce. Feebleness. 3673 o. 



GLOSSARY. 



911 



Pkblokk. Feebler. 3424. 7(JG5. Feblou. 
3424 B. 

f ECCHE. To fetch. G647 a. 

Fee. Possessions, property. 6992 5. 

Feel. Many. 208 /3. 

Feer. In feer = in company. XX 268. 

Feffede, 3s. Endowed. 7585. 7592. 7614. 

Fei. Faith. 1551. 

Feinede, 3 s. Feigned. 6906.3;;/. Feyx- 
EDE. 8717. 

FEiNTEHciiE.Faiutly,withoiit spirit. 10595. 

Feintise. Dissimulation. 460. 1314. Cow- 
ardice, negligence. 907. Fevntise.Ci 92. 

Feke. 5169 B. Seelhiii. 

Fekel. To flatter. 713 fi. 

Fekelyng. Flattery. 711 jS. 

Feky. 5169 C. 7559. Feki. 5169 5. Sec 

FlKI. 

Felawes. Companions. 376.1456.4729. 

5997. Felaus. 2335. 
Felde, 3 s. Felled. 398 /3. 3 pi. 1592 /3. 

8134 /3. p.p. Felde. 800 )3. 
Fele. Many. 154 B. 208 B. 831 S. 1594 B. 

3447 a. 4824 5. 8594 e. 
Feled, ;3.;3. Filled. 6220 7. 
Felle. Skin, with the hair on. Flesse 

& FELLE. 5815. 
Felle. To fell. 10802. 
Felle. Fierce, cruel. 3447. 
Felle, 3 pi. Fell. 6393 13. 
Fellen, 3 pi. Fell. 6393 a. 
Felonie. Wickedness. 1446. 1758. 10803. 
Felonye. 2637. Felonije. 1446 a. 
1758 a. 
Fende. Fiend. 5709 e. 6429 P. 
Fende. To defend. 5545 0. 
Fenede, 3 .9. Feigned. 2376. 
Feng, 3 s. Received. 767 a. 862 a. 3746 a. 
5700 a. Fenge. 767 S. 3746 5, 5700 5. 
3 pi Fenge. 843 5. 
Feo. Fee, property. 6992 a. 
Feor. Far. 5581 C. 
Feoute. Fealty. XX 530 5. 
Fer. Far. 795 a. 3526 S. 5581a. 6447 a. 

Farther. 7653 a. 
Ferce. Fierce. 5717. 
Ferche. Fresh. 4424 o. 
Ferchs. Fresh. 1291 a. 9023 a, 



Fkude, 3 s. Fared, behaved. 1224 5. 3 jil. 

Ferdex. 3338 a. 
Ferde. Host, army. 438. 4406 a. 5278 a. 

7920 a. 
Fere. Companion. 283. p/. 5994 5. In 
fere = in company, together, 5994 )3. 
Sec Ifere. 
Fere. Fear. 9137. 
Ferest, adj. Farthest. 3751 a. 
Feruede. Company. 2917 B. 
Ferlich, «(//. Strange. II 186. XX 36. 

Ferliciie. II. 186 j8. 
Ferliciie, adv. Strangely. 6065 o. Fer- 
lich. 10472. A 22. II 186. XX 36. 
Fkujie. Sette to ferme = put out to farm, 

offered for hire. 7773. 
Ferre. I'ar.adi'. 795 y. adj. 6447 S. 6804 C. 
Ferrest, arf;. Farthest. 3751)8. Fer- 

reste. 3072 a. 
Ferror. Farther. 8458 C. Ferrore. 

9011 C. 
Fers. Fierce. 3910. 6473. 8630. 
Fers. Fresh. 4424 5. 
Ferscii. Fresh. 14 a. Ferschs. 4440 a 

pi. Fersciie. 8126 o. 
Ferst. li'irst. 160. 
Feste. Feast. 9098. 
Fet. Feet. 2804. 610.'-> a. 10828. 
Fet, p.;>. Fetched. 5721 /3. 
Fetfolc. Infantry. 8210. 
Fette, 3 pi. Fetched. 343. 
FeI^ele. Fiddle. li 244. 
FeJjeruome. Feathers, wings. E 2. Fe)>- 
ERUAM. E 2 /3. See Maddeu's Glos- 
sary to LajamoD, s.v. Fe'iSer-heomeii. 
Feuerer. February. 8238. 9.t88. 
Feute. Fealty. XX 113. 413. 530, 

Fewte. G 204 ;8. XX 530 0. 
Fey. Faith. 6575. 
Feyn. Fain, gladly. H 150. 
Feythhed. Fidelity. G 59 5. 
Fi A DE13LES. Fie ! in the devil's name. 

8015. 
FiBLELicitE. Feebly. 11771 C. 
Ficns. Fish. 139 o. 486 a. 
FiFTENE. Fifteenth. 5726 /S. 
FifteJje. Fifteenth. 5014 o. 5321 a. 

5726 a. 
FiiissciiE>. Afihsschcj5 = a-fishing. 5341 o. 
FiKEL. Fickle, treacherous. 846 «. 



912 



GLOSSARY. 



FiKELE. To flatter. 737 B. 845 B. p.p. 
FlKELED. 846 B. 

FiKELi. To flatter. 737 a. 845 a. Fikely. 
737 8. 845 8. 

FiKELYNG. Flattery. 711 B. Fikelinge. 
711 a. 

FiKi. To move hastily. Fiki pas. 5169 a. 
XX 120. Compare nichard Coer de Liou, 
4749 (" Metrical Romances," ed. Weber, 
vol. ii.): 'The Sarezynes fledde, away 
gunne fyke." See Jamieson's Scottish 
Dictionary, s.v. Fike. Ihre, in his Glos- 
sarium Suio-Gothicum, gives ' Fika, 
tendere aliquo, citato cursu ferri.' 

FiL. Vile. 8015 C. 

FiLEST, 2 s. Defilest. 802 fi. 

Fille. Chervil. See Cockayne, Saxo7i 
Leechdoms, ii. 384. Nojt wor}> a fille. 
2722. 6018. 

FiLLiCHB. Vilely. 8971 S. Fillycii. 
7452 C. 

Fin. Fine, pure, mere. 789. 

Fin, sb. Fine. 10526. Vort Ml adde 
fin imad = unntil they had paid fine. 

Fine. End. Atte fine = at last. 631. 6520. 
Atte fin. 2034. 4765. Brojte to fine. 
8547. 10097. 10716. 

Fine. To stop. 6291. 3 pi. Finede 
2965. 

Fine. To pay as a fine. 10520. ^ pi. 
Finede. 9521. 10865. 

FiSCHS. Fish. 5359 a. 

FisiciANS. Physicians. 1552. 

Fiss. Fish. 139.486. 

FissiNGE. Fishing. 5355. 

Fi>ele. Fiddle. H 244. 

Fi)TE>, 1 pi. Fight. 6236. 

Flk. To fly. 671.4141. 8175. 

Flechs. Flesh. 4227 o. [107 a.] 7209 a 

Fleen. Toflee. S175 8. Flene. 8175 7. 

Fleinbe. Fleeing. 9496. 11379. 

Fi>Ei^,pre<. 3s. Fled. 407. 3 pi. Flei^e. 
404. See Fley. 

Fleme. To banish. 11806. pret. 3 s. 
Flemde. 6440. 11804. p.p. FmuED. 
5609 8. 6733 8. 7199 o. See Yflejid. 

Fleme, adj. Banished. 7055.7199. In 6845, 
Men \>a.t him adde fleme ydo=men that 
had done or shown him while in banish- 
ment. ' Fleme' is perhaps here the dative 



Fleme — cojit. 

case of ' fleam,' flight, used adverbially. 
The Heralds' College MS. quoted by 
Hearne reads : ' That while he flemed 
Mas hadde do him courtcseye.' 

Fleo. To flee. 376 a. 8175 n. 

Fleonde. Fleeing. 9496 C. 

Fleschs. Flesh. 5815 o. II 16. 

Fless. Flesh. 4227. [107 B.] 7209. 11891. 
Flesse. 5815. 

Flete, 3 pi. Floated. 5255 B. 

Fle)?, imper. 2 pi. Flee ye. 6195. jn-es. 

2 pi. 9343. 

Fleu, a s. Fled. 404 B. 3806 B. 4535. 

8619. 9727. 
Fley, 3 s. Fled. 404. 1203 o. 2593. 3129. 

3806. 4843. 8619 a. Flei. 4535 o. 

8619 C. 3 pi. Fleye. 376 S. 
Fleyne. Banished. 7055 B. 7199 B. 
Flixse, Flies. G 1 ;8. 
Flijene. Flics. G 1. 
Flo, prcL 3 pi. Fled. 3137 P. 
Flod. Flood. 8594. 
Flon. Arrows. 7475. 8123. H 66. 
Flok. Floor. 5831. 
Flote, 3 pZ. Floated.' 5255. 
Flocne. Arrows. 7475 y. 
Flour. Flower. 8919. 
Flowe. Fled. 3 s, 407 i3. 3806 fy. 8619 y. 

3 pi. 404 j3. 442. 620. 3137. 4641. 6198. 
Flowen, 3 pi. 1203. 2168/8. 3137 5. 
6201 a. 7466 a. 

Flyen. Fled. 404 S (Errata). 407 S. 

FoEN. Foes. 8993 e. 

FoL. Foul. 5436. 5658. Foolish. 6232. 

Fol, adv. Foolishly. 8001. 8006. 

FoL, adj. Full. 296. 472 a. 6222. adv. 

G 106. 
FoLE. Foolish. 6233. 7436. In an fole 

wille. 3341. 
FoLE. Foul. 5993. 
FoLELiCHE. Foolishly. 6852 a. AA 4' 
FoLES,. Fools. 3089. 
Fole ywis. Full certainly. W 4. See 

FoLi WIS, and Madden's Glossary to 

Lajamon, s.v. Ful-iwis ; Stratmann, s.v. 

Ful. 
FoLFULDE, 3 pi. Fulfilled, completed. 

XX 391. 
Fol iiakdi. Foolhardy. 9386. 



GLOSSARY. 



913 



FoL iiASTiF. Foolishly hasty. G 9393. 
177. 

FoLiE. Folly. 3284. 7344. 108C2. Foi.r.K 

3284 a. 7344 a. 
FoLiLYCiiE. Foolishly. 6852 C. 
FoLi WIS or FoL iwis. Full certainly. 

XX 475. See Folk Ywis. 
FoLLE, 3 pi. Fell. 6393. 
FoLLE. Full. 5282. 6894. 
For.Li. To baptize. 1916 a. prcl. 3 s. 
FoLLEDE. 5897 a. Yoiaaid, p.p. [I ;3.] 
5380 0. 
FoLLiciiE. Fully. 3694. 6262. 6669. Fool- 
ishly. 6852. 
Followed, p.p. Baptized. 5380 y. 
FoLYCHE. Foolishly, wickedly. 6852 B. 
FoN. Foes. 4. 272. 7522. 8993. 
Fund, 3 s. Found. 246 a. 350. 3726 o. 
4592. 6284 C. Provided. 6862. Fonde. 
246 y. 3726 ;8. 3 pi. Fonde. Found. 
316 B. 322. FoNDEN. 316. 322 B. 346 B. 
Fonde. To try, try to get. 284. 485. 
1089 B. 1349. 3730. 9017. pret. 3 s. 
FoNDEDE. 4279 B. 5662. 9504. 9893. 
FoNDED. 4279. 3 ;j/. Fondede. 3823. 
6333. 
FoNDEMEKT. Foundation. 2769. Funda- 
ment. 6340. 7312. 
FoNDLTotry. 1089.1333. 2644.10215.11 63. 
FoNDiD, 3 s. Tried. 1880 j8. 
FoNGE, hif. 1226 B. 2017 a. pret. 3 s. 
Received, took. 767 /3. 3746 j8. 5700 y. 
3 pi. 843 a. 3 s. Fong. 862 B. 3226 B. 
3 pi. 843 j8. 
Fonged, 3 s. Received. 5700 e. 
FoNGE>, 3 s. Taketh. A 10. 
FoNGON, 3 pi. Received. 843 B. 
FoNSTON. Font stone. 4960 a. 
For. For to. 9057 5. 
For aknde, 3 s. Rode hard. 7490 C. 
FoRB.VRND, ;;.;>. Burnt. 3128 B. 
FoRBODE, p.p. Forbidden. XX 300. 
For bore, p.p. Forborne, passed over. 

1067 B. 
FoRBOT, 3 s. Bit through. II 76. 
FoRBRAVDE. TSIonstrous. 41 9 1 ,8.4193/3. 
FoRBREDDE. Distorted, monstrous. 490 5. 
FoRBREiDEN. Deformed, Bionstrous. 490 a. J 
35441. 



FoRHRENT, 3 p/. Burnt. 5991 P. p.p 

Foiu!Roii>E. Distorted, monstrous. 490 B 

4193 a. FoRBROYDE. 4191 o. 4139 5. 
Fore. Fare, journey, course. 7923 B. 
FoREDEXE. Company, forces. G 59. 

FoRDENE. G 59 e. Madden's Glossary 

to Lajamon, s.v. Faredene. 
FoREiiEDE. Company. 2917 P. For. 

iiEDE. 2917 7. See Feeuede. 
FoKEi.NE. Out of doors. An chaumbre 

foreinc = a privy. 6335. Forexe. 6335 B. 
FoRELDED. AVoru out with age. 4185 )3. 
Forest, pi. Forests. 7699. 
FoREWARD. Promise, compact. 5007, 

FOREWARDE. 6323. 10536. 
Forfare)., 3 s. Destroyeth. 186 o. 
For vovyt. Weary with fighting. 1442 fi. 

4243 /8. 

FoRFRETTE, 3 s. Destroyed. 186 S. 
FoRGiLT, 3 s. Forfeited. 10 /8. p.p. 

G 208 )3. 
FoRGON. To forgo, pass over. 5903 o. 
FoRGULTE, 3 s. Forfeited. 10 B a. See 

VoRGULTE. p.p. FORGULT. G 208. 

FoRiiORED, p.p. Debauched. H 256. 
FoRiiowEDE. Despised. 3 s. H 234. 
FoRiiouEDE. H 234/8. 3 pi. For- 

IIOAVEDE. G 59. FORIIOUED. G 59 5. 

FoRLETEN, 3 lil. Forsook. G 59. 
FoRLORE, p.;j. Lost. 5133 C. 
FoELORNE,p.;>. Lost. 7588 7. 
FoRiiEST. Foremost, first. 1674 o. For- 

3IUST. 482 a. FoRMYST. 482 P. 
For olded. Worn out with age. 4185 o. 
For peyned. Suffering pain or torment. 

1159/3. 
For RON, 3 s. Ran or rode violently. 

7490 5. 
For sente, 3 .<:. Sent for. 64787. 
Forsleu^ede, pret. 3 pi. Neglected. 

4055 a. For slew^ed. 4055 B. 
FoRST. Frost. 8595. 
FoRSWELEWE. To swallow up. 4204 o. 
FoRSWEKiEN. To forswear, renounce 

7957 a. FoRSWEREN. 7957/3. 
Forswore, p.p. Forsworn. XX 6. 
Fort. Until. 291 a. 507 o. 7429 a. 

3 M 



914 



GLOSSARY. 



Forte. Until. 194 B. 291 B. For to, 

in order to. 1226 B. 
For TO. Until. 194 a. 507 B. 
FOET TO. In order to. 511 a. 
For}>. 890 a. The Cotton MS. has 

' worj^e.' 
ForJje, redundant in ' -wnhout forJ?e.' 551 1 e. 
ForJ'Ere. Further. 8458 a. 9011 a. 
FoR^ERE wo. Furthermore. 6880 a. 
Fortiiought, 3 s. Kepented. 244 5. 

For ]>oij>te. 244 B. 
FoRTiiwARD, for FoRWORD, compact. 

3156 5. 
FoR>Y. Therefore. 4003 5. 
For voute, p.p. Wearied with lightuig. 

1442 a. 
Forward. Front. Aforward=in front. 

393. 
FoRWONDEDE, pret. 3 s. Wounded 

severely. 3507 a. 7490 a. Forwoun- 

DED, 3507)8. FORWOUNDEDE. 7490/3. 

p.p. FORAVONDED. 4359 a. 4406 a. 

FoRWOUXDEDE. 4406 /3. 
FoR)AF, 3 s. Forgave. XX 547. 
FoR^EFNESSE. Forgiveness. 1346 B. 
Forget, p.p. Forgotten. 578)3. FoR- 

^ETE. 578 B. 5611 e. 6428 C. XX 585 ;3. 
FoR)EUE, p.p. Forgiven. 6973 5. 
FoR^EUEXESSE. Forgiveness. 1346 a. 
FoRjuTE. Forgotten. XX 585. 
Fos. The Fosse way. 179. G 139. 
FoT. Foot. 10048. 
FouGHTEN, 3 pi. Fought. 4426 5. 
Fouled, 3 s. Baptized. 5897 y. 
FouLEDE, 3 s. Defiled. 5898 a. 
FouLiCHE. Fully. 3694/3. 
FouNDE, 3 pi. Found. 490. 
Founded, 3 s. Tried. 1880 5. p.p. 790 S. 
FocNDEMENT. Fouudation. 2772. Funda- 
ment. 6363. 
FouNDEN, 3 pi. Found. 346 a. 490 )3. 

FouNDENE. 490 a. 
FouRME. Formal agreement, condition. 

8766. 11306. 11603. 11943. XX391. 

In Jjis fourme = on this condition. 9S3. 

8907. 
FouuTENE. Fourteenth. XX 291 0. 
FouRTEt>E. Fourteenth. 6094. XX 261. 
FouRTi)jE. Fortieth. 1403. 6658. 
FouRTYNE. Fourteen. 549 1 B. 



FouTEN, 3 pi. Fought. 4426 a. Foujt- 

EN. 4426 y3. Fou3,TTEN. 4426 e. 
FowE. Few. 3215 B. In this MS. it is 

difficult sometimes to distinguish between 

' o ' and ' e ' and we should probably 

read ' Fewe.' 
FowELES. Fowls. 13. 
FowESON. AdvowsoD. 9678C. 
Fo^TE, 3 pi. Fought. 4426. 
Fram. From. 6. 7. 21. &c. 
Framward. From. 11270. H 54. 
Fran. From. 1776. Perhaps an error 

for ' fram.' 
Franche. French. 7539 13. 7542 /3. 
Franchise. Freedom. 1078. 1087. 2216, 

4064. 7264. 252. 
Frankelein. a franklin, freeholder 821. 
Frau^t, 3 pi. Laded. 472 )3. 
Freinsse. French. 7890. Freinss. 11061. 
Frelich. Freely. 6634. Freliche. 

6634 a. H52. 
Fremde. Stranger. Fremde oj^ere kin = 

strangers or kinsfolk. H 27. Fremde 

and sibbe = strangers and relatives. 7086. 
Frenciis. French. 7539 a. 7542 a. 
Frend, pi. Friends. 352. 2107. 2191. 

6729. 7972. 10335. 11843. Frendes. 

352 B. 2107 B. Frendus. 352 S. 2191 5. 
Frensciie. French. 7890 a. Frensiie. 

7539 y. 7542 y. Frenss. 7542. 

Frensse. 7890 B. Frenynch. 7539 C. 

Frenysch. 7542 C. 
Frere menors. Friars minors or Fran- 
ciscans. 10241. 11388.' 
Frerene, geii. pi. Friars'. 11320. 

Freren. 11320 C. 
Frere prechors. Friars preachers 

or Dominicans. 10105. 10809. 11311. 
Freres. Friars. 11316. 
Frete. To bite, devour. 8632. pret. 3 s. 

4166 B. 
Frille. 6018 C. The Cotton MS. has 'fille.' 
Fro.. From. 195 B. 1776 B. 
Froite. Fruit. 7662 /8. Froyte. 7762/8. 
Frome. Beginning. 'Ate frome' or 'at 

frome' = at first. XX 212. 418. To frome. 

XX 212/3. 418 /8. At Jje frojie. 

XX 526. 550. 
Frore, p.2J. Frozen. 5354 ;8. XX 247 j8. 
Froren, p.p. Frozen. 5354 5. 



GLOSSARY. 



915 



Frouxt. Forehead. 44-2G. 
Frut. Fruit. 7232. 7062. 776'J. 
FuiiiE. Fire. 1577 o. Fuir. 185 0.8485 0. 
FuL. Fell. 3 s. 5869 C. 7077 C. 91C5C. 

3 pi. 6393 C. 7810 C. 
FuL. To fell. 1662 S. 
FuLDK. Felled. 3 s. 398 o. 8585. 3;;/. 

1592 a. 8134 C. 
FuLDEX, 3 pi. Felled. 8134 o. 
FuLED, 3 s Defiled. 5898. 
FcLiiEDE. Filth. 5900 C. 
FuLLE, 3 pi. Fell. 9443 C. 
FuLLE. To fell. 3544. 10802 C. 
FmxE. To fill. 293. 2068 B. 5984. 
Fulled, pret. 3 s. Baptized. 5897 /?. 

p.p. Filled. 333 5. Baptized. 5380 5. 
FuLLOAVED, ;)./j. Baptized [1 S.] 
Ful}>e. Filth. 8501 o. 
FuL^HEDE. Filth. 5900. 
FuxDE. Fiend. H 61. 
Fur. Fire. 185. 2787. 4173. 8148. Fure. 

1237. 1577. 1580, 4639. 
FuRBARNDE, 3 pi. Bumt. 5991 C. 
FuRGON. To forgo. 5903 C. 
FuRLAND. Furrow land, plough land. 

2198 i8. 
FurJje. Fourth. XX 535. 
Fury. Fierj-. 3195. 6871. Furi. C866. 6950. 
FuscHixGE. Id fuschiuge = a-fishing. 

2198 a. 
FusTES. Fists. 7081 B. 7085. 
FuYR. Fire. 2787 a. 

FuTRE. Fiery. 8 148 7. Fuyree. 6950 5. 
Fyeute. Fealtj'. G 204. 
Fyftene. Fifteenth. 5014 e. 5321 e. 
Fykel. To flatter. 845 5. 
Fyki. See Fiki. Fyki pas. 5169. 
Fykul. Fickle, deceitful. 846 5. 
Fyle. Vile. 424 5. Fyl. 1079 B. 
Fyled, 3 s. Defiled. 5898 /8. 
Fynden. To find. 331. 
Fysike. Physic. 3162. 
Fyuetiie. Fifth. 1 1 60 5. 4733 S. 8483 5. 



G. 



Gadeling. Vagabond. 6332. 6335. 6347. 

Gadered, pret. 3 s. Gathered. 267 j8. 

Gaderede. 613. 1737. Gadkryd. 



Gaue]:ed — con I. 

2577. Gadred. 267 5. Gadryd. CI37. 
p.p. Gadered. 4527 B. 

Gadeuy. To gather. 4123. Gaderye. 
4480. 

G.\ME. Pleasure, sport. 370. 604. 

Gan, 3 s. Began. 232 o. !432. 7185. 3 ;)/. 
3767. 

Gared. An error for ' gadred.' 2132 i3. 

Garisox. Treasure, store. 8461. 8558. 
K2. Garisoux. 8461/3. Garsox. 
K 2 8. Sec Madden's Glossary to 
Layimon, s.v. Garsume. 

Geaxdes. Giants. 333 B. 490 B. 3072 B. 

Geaxs. Giants. 333. 490. 3072. 

Geaxt. Giant. 349. 4150. 

Geauxt. Giant. 4158. /)/. Geauxtes. 
333 0. 490 0. Geauxti-s. 333 5. 585 5. 

Gederede, 3 s. Gathered. 613 B. 

Gedy. Giddy. 1580 7. 

Gemestid. St. James's day, the 25th of 
July. 10278, 

Gexitive, sign of, omitted. Is fader del? 
7855; An hauene mou>, 477; pe 
queue fader, 608 ; ]>e queue folc, 619 
soster sones, 867 ; moder half, 986 
moder kun, 992; moder child, 1148 
moder vncle, 1946 ; eleyne vncle, 1991 
i>e queue cosin, 2058 ; J>in vncle lond 
2061 ; heie menne dojtreu, 2101 
simple manne do^tren, 2103 ; brol'or 
de\>, 2583 ; stepmoder herte, 2 004 
•wimmen fourme, 2753 ; fader deK, 
2855 ; soster sone, 3525, 4133 ; eleyne 
sone, 4049 ; hor wreeche de}>, 4094 ; \>e 
queue rede, 4503; heuene blis, 5651; 
broj^er blod, 5907 ; \>c queue broker, 
6083 ; }>e moder wombe, 6285 ; is moder 
vet, 6970 ; is sone sone, 7056 ; is 
broker dej>e, 8683 ; is broker buriinge, 
8685 ; is aunte sone, 12046. 

Gexitrise. Noble birth. 1313 a. 1508 a. 

6455 a. 8945 a. 
Gext. Gentle, well born. 562. 566. 1220. 
Gexterise. Noble birth. 8945 C. 
Gextrise. Gentility, nobleness, high 

birth. 1071. 1313. 1508. 6455. 8945. 
Gestex. To be a guest, to stay. XX 60 )3. 
Gestis. Guests. 57887. Gestes. 5788 e. 
Get, 3 s. Goeth. 3 o. 

3 M 2 



916 



GLOSSARY. 



Qe]>, 3 s. Goeth. 3. 332. 998. 3311. 

GiBET. Gibbet. 10691. 

GiDY. Giddy, foolish. 1542. Gidik. 

1564. 1580. Gydie. 3356. 
Gile. Guile. 1455. 6539. 7310. Strata- 
gem. 11151. 11549. 
GiLEDE, 3 s. Deceived. XX 254. 
GiLiNGE. Guile, cuuning. XX 59. 
GiLLE. Guile. XX 61 5. 
GiNNE. Art, skill. 1566. .5036. 6121. 
7460. pi. GiNNES. Engines. 3302. 8127. 
8133. 8294. 
GiSTES. Guests. 5788 o. 8853. 
GisTXY. To be a guest. XX 60. 
GiwES. Jews. 10710. See Gywes. 
Gladdore. Gladder. 7377. 
Glade. To gladden. 3350 B. pret. 3 s. 

Gladed. 5368 S. 
Gladede, 3 s. Was glad. 5368. 
Gladye. To make glad. 3350. Gladi^e. 

3350 a. 
Gle. Song. 5515. Gleo. 5515 a. 
Gleomen. Singers. H 245. 
Gleyue. Sword. 4165. 
Glose. Flattery, falsehood. 2381. 
Glosede, 3 s. Flattered, made fair 

speeches. 10498. 
Glosinde. Glosing, deceitful. 10218. 
Glosinge. Flattery, falsehood. 6420. 
Gloteni^e. Gluttony. 6782 a. Glotonie. 

6782. 7417. 
Glymsede, 3 s. Glittered, shone. XX 

252. 
Gnawe. To gnaw. 8338. 
Gnowe, suhj.pret. 3 s. Gnawed. 11159. 
Go, p.p. Gone. 823 B. 
God, sb. Goods. 22. 418. 779. 5625. 7152. 

GoDE. 295. 296. 410. 
God, sh. Goodness. 5703. 6778. 6845. 
GoD, adj. Good. 210. 216. Gode. 214. 
GoDE. Vor gode = by God. 7000. 
Godemon. Good man. 9095. /iZ. Gode- 

men. 9488. 
Godeuhele. Literally, for the good 
health of, for the prosperity of. 7570. 
See La^anion, 3597 : 'to godere >in 
haele, for thy good heal or advantage. 



Godfader. Godfather. 4961. 5380. 
Godmox. Good man. 5587. Godemon. 

5641. 7267. 
GODNESSE. Goodness. 8936. 
Goinde. Going. 11142. 
Gome. Game. 377. Care, heed. 880. 

1316. 2719. 3540. 8899. 
GoN, 3 s. Began. 1475 5. 9418. 3 pi. 

376/8. 
GoNNE, 3 pi. Began. 314. 376 a. 414. 

471.3. 9418. 
GoNNEN, 3 pi. Began. 430 a. 
GosT. Spirit. 3055. pi. Gostes. 2750. 

7510. 
GoTE. For ' gode.' 7898. 
GoTTES. Guts. 6340. 7074. 9162. 
GouD. Good. 335 a. 

GOUDERIIELE. 7570 C. Sce GODER- 
IIELE. 

GouERNY. To govern. 2322. 5397. 

GouERNi. 4265. 8381. Gouerne. 2322 B. 
GouTE. Gout. 11865. 11874. 
Grace. Favour, good fortune. 7492. 
Graces. Grasses. 1011. 
Gradde, pret. 3 s. Cried. 4423. 7388. 

9781. Called. 6202. Grad. 4423 a. 
Gra.m, sh. Anger. XX 266. 
Gram, adj. Angry. G 33. 
Gramed. Angered. G 33 5. 
Graxti. To grant. 740. 2488 a. 7525. 
10495. Grante. 2477 B. impv.r. 2 pi. 
Granti^eJj. 6896 a. ;jre<. 3 s. 

Grantede. 5601, 
Grantsire. Grandsire. 6353. 7101. 
Granty. To grant. 945. 2477. 
Gras. Orass. 1010. 
Graced, 3 s. & pi. Made ready. 1478 p. 

[75 ^.] 
Gratjnte. To grant. 2477 ;8. 
GraunteJj, iinper. 2 pi. Grant. 6896. 
Graunti. Togrant. 2477 «. 11018. 1L756. 
GrayJ>ed, 3 s. Made ready, equipped. 

8993 e. 
Grece. Grease. 8485. 
Grede. To cry out, proclaim. 1885. 

2665. 2959. 4186. 5884. 6194. 8726. 
GreiJjede, 3 s. Made read)", equipped. 

1235.1478 a. [75 a.] 3p/.8141. Dressed. 

8955. GreiJ>ed, 3 s. 1478. 3 pi. 3145. 



GLOSSARY. 



917 



Gremltche. Grimly. 7118 C. 

Gkexe. Green, fresh ; applied to a 

wound. 8670. 
Greseliche. Horribly. 8659 7. 
GreteJj, imper. 2 pi. Greetye. 1156S. 
Greti. To grow great. 1556. Grete. 

1556 B. 
Grette, 3 s. Greeted. 6358. Gret. 

6358 j8. 
Grettere. Greater. 4794. Grettore. 

4491. 4794 B. Grettor. 4794 C. 
Gretteste. Greatest. 8871a. Gret- 

TOST. 8871. 
Greu, 3 s. Grew. 9639. 
Greuede, 3 s. Grieved, troubled. 969 B. 
Gretjt. To vex, trouble. 5560. 
Greye moxekes. Cistercians. 9072. 
GretJjed, 3 pi. Made ready. [75 B.] 

Gret]>ede. [122 B.] 
Grjloker. For ' grisloker.' 11745 C. 
Grimliche, adv. Grimly. 574 a. 7118. 
Griptb, 3 s. Gripped. 522 B. 
Grisliche, adv. Grisly, horribly. 574. 

8059. adj. Grisly, horrible. 2591. 

Grislich. 4141. 
Grisloker. More grisly. 11745. 
GriJj. Peace. H 52. Gr'}>e. H 52 fi. 
Groxde, sb. Ground. 372 2768. The 

phrase ' ^ede to gronde,' went to ground, 

= were beaten. 1766. Grounde. 1292. 
Gronede. Groaned. Is. G 193. 3 s. 

6926. 
Groxv. To groan. 7813. 
Grcxte, pret. 3 s. Grunted. 4233. 
Grtut. To grieve, vex. 5560 C. 
Gode. Good. [118 C] 
Gudi^e. Giddy. 1580 o. 
GUDT. Giddy. 1542 a. 
GuLT. Guilt, crime. 1257. 5528. pi. 

GtTLTES. 6886. II 4. 
GuLTELESE. Guiltless. 6705. Gulteles. 

6867. 
GuNNES. Engines. 8127 5. 8133 5. 8294 5. 
GuRDE, 3 s. Girt. 8962. 
GuRDE,jo.^. Girt. 3615 /8. 
GusTES. Guests. 5788. 8853 C. 
Gyx. Artificial contrivance, machinery. 

161. pi. Gynnes. 3047. 



Gywel. Jewel. 10460. 

Gyaverie. The JewTy or Jews' quarter. 

9920. 
Gywes Jews. 1414. 1588. ?1909. 11936. 



H. 



Harbe. To have. 335 o. 370 B. Habbex. 

XX 85. 
IlAnRE^, 3/>/. Have. 191. 
HAnHL-Jj, 2 pi. Have. 3468 a. 
Hadde, 3 s. Had. 107. IIaddex, 3 pi. 

462 a. 918 B. 
Haf, 3 s. Heaved, lifted. 389 a. 
Hafne. Haven. 2838 a. H 115. gen. 

Hafnes. 477 a. 
Hah.. Whole, hale. H 119. 
Hait. Lively, cheerful, high spirited. 

8650. Hayt. 8650 B. See Roquefort, 

Glossaire do la Langue Romane, s.v. 

Haitie. 
Hakky. To hack. 2982. 
Halde iviper. 2 s. Hold. 7388 /8. 
Halewe. Saint. 4792 a. pi. Halewe.ve 

1928 a 5346 a. XX 430. Halewex. 

5346 B. 
Halewi. To hallow, consecrate. 3223 a. 

7157 C. 
Half. Part, side. In is fader half = on 

his father's side. 7045. A ^es half = on 

this side. 8071. A four half = in four 

parts. 10875. 
Halfded. Half dead. 3406. 
Halfdel. Half 98 fi. 100 ;8. 
Halffexdel. Half. 8025 a. 
Halfm-on. Half man, coward. 7124. 
Halflendele. Half 98 a. Halfuex- 

DEL. 100 a. 
Halkes. Corners, hiding places. 3175 fi. 
Halowe. Saint. 4792 j3. pi. Halowes. 

5346 ,8. 
Halowe. To hallow. 3223 )3. p.p. Ha- 

LOiVED. 71585. 
Half, 3 s. Helped. XX 336. 
Halt, 3 .?. Avails. 272. 840. 2289. 3373. 

5894. 6483. 11567. Holdeth. 5877. 

9306. Kcepeth. 7788. 



918 



GLOSSARY. 



Hal hoKES euen. Holy Thursday eve ; 

the eve of Ascension Day. 8120. 
Haluemon. Half man, coward. 5793. pi. 

Haluejien. 4093. 4378. 
Haluendel. Half. 100. 6037. 8025. 
Haluexden. Half. 6037 y. 
Halues. Bi halues = beside, apart. 3175. 

Another reading is * bi halkes.' 
Halave. To hallow. 3223 B. 7157 fi. 
Halwe, sh. Saint. 4792 B. pi. Halwen, 

1820. 1928. 5346. 
Halwe, adj. Holy. 6024 C. 
Halavy. To hallow, consecrate. 3223. 

7157. pret. 3 s. Halwedb. 7376. 

p.p. Halwed. 7158 ^. 
Halt. Holy. 6024. 
Ham. Them. 45 a. 49 a. 183 a. 255 a. 

267 a. 
Ham. Am. 2443 a. 
HjUibekk. a hawberk or coat of mail. 

2200 S. 6017 S. 
Ham sulf. Themselves. 413 a. 
Hamwakd. Homeward. 5227. 12040. 

G103. 
Han. Have. 1 pi. 6235 (8. 2 pi. 4048 /3. 
Han. Them. 2442 /3. 
Handex. Hand axe. 584 fi. 
Hangy. To hang. 3589. 
Hak. Their. 961 5. 1663 a. 3266 S. 
Hau. Ere. 2150 a. 
HARD,pre<.3s. Heard. 57 1/3. 772/8.2024/3. 

Harde. 1095)3. 1233/8. p.p. Hakde. 

1932/3. 7327/8. 
Harded, p.p. Hardened. 7221 7. 
Hardeliche. Boldly. 2682. 7694. 9375. 
Hardescued, 3 s. Encouraged. 8796/3. 
Hardiesse. Hardiness, boldness. 1481. 
Haedisschi. To encourage. 4172 a. 

4465 a. 
Hardissede, 3 s. Encouraged. 8796. 

Hardisede. 8796 5. 
Hardissi. To encourage. 4465. 
Hakdi^e. Hardy. 2088. 
Hardy. To encourage. 4465 B. 
Hardysi. To strengthen, encourage. 

4172. Harbyssy. 4172B. 
Hare. Their. 431 a. 462 a. 621. 
Harewen. Arrows. 8123 B. 



IIarlede, 3 s. ^ pi. Dragged. 11076- 

11122. 11127. Harried. 9974. 10242. 
Harnde = Arnde. 6202 a. 
Harpare. Harper. 5508. 
Hasardrie. Gambling. 4024. 
Hassen. Asses. 8337 B. 
Hasteliciie. Hastily. 552 a, 
Hastif. Hasty. 2531.3129. 9387. 
Hastiliche. Hastily. 552. 5636. 7851. 
Hastow. Hast thou. 578. 
Hati-^e. To hate. H 201. 
Hatte. Was called. 261 B. 348 B. 

1979B. 
Haubels. Hawberks. XX 534 5. 
Hauberc. Originally, defensive armour 
for the neck ; hence used generally for 
a coat of mail. 2200. 6017. XX 534. 
Haubert. 3609 B. Haubrec. 3609 a, 
4577 a. Hawbr'ek. 3609 /3. 6017 a. 
4577 6. Haubryk. 4577 /8. 6017 /8. 
Haueden. Heads. 8293. 
Hauek. Hawk. H 232. pi. Hauekes. 

5571. 
Hauen, 2 pi. Have. 4366 /8. 
Hauene. Haven. 2808. 5925. gen. 477. 

p)l. 5942. 
Hauenes, J-"'e. The Cinque Ports. 11347. 
Hauest, 2 s. Hast. 718 a. 2480 a. G 211. 
HAUEh, 3 3. Hath. 43 a. 51 a. 1252. 3 pi. 

Have. 535 7. 6824 /8. 
Hauntede, 3 s. Frequented. 11041. 
Hauntnesse. Pride. 687 5. 
Hautesce. Haughtiness, pride. 687 a. 
Hautein. Haughty, proud. 1504. 
Hautesse. Pride. 687. 
Hawe. Haw. 10767. 
Hawe. Fear, awe. 591 /8. 
Hayre. a hair shirt. 8952 e. 
He. Error for ' >e.' 3402. 
He. She. 769. 4540. 5431. 6865. 6951 C, 
8952. 9248. 11426. 11447. Used of the 
cross, 1931 ; of an oath, 3238 ; of a castle, 
3339 ; of the March or Mercia, 5417 ; 
of a knife, 5867 ; of London, 6160. 
They. 2265 B. 7467. 7507. 8323. G248. 
Hebbe. To heave, lift. 389. imper 2 pi. 
Hebbe^. 9336. 



GLOSSARY. 



919 



Hecst, adv. Highest. 10365, 

Hech. Each. [36 B.] 

Hed. Head. 397 13. 2366 B. ;>/. Hedks. 

1797 B. 2378 B. 
Hede, 3 pi. Had. XX 355. 
Heder. Hither. 50. 
Hedirto. Hitherto. 1087 S. 
Heed. Head. 397 /8. 398 j8. Heede. 
397 y. pi. Heedes. 8293 /8. Heedus. 
8293 S. 
Heer. Hair. 8337 ^8. 
Heerdes. Hards, tow. S 7 j8. S 12 /3. 
Hefd. Head. 1574a. 23G6 a. p/. Hef- 

DEN. 1797 a. 2378 a. 5254 a. 8293 a. 
Hefne. Heaven. G 214. 
Hegges. Hedges. 2677. 4299. 
Hegh. High. 1984)3. 
Hei. He. 8660 C. 
Hei. Hay. 8399. 
Heie. High. 749. 
Heiemex. High meu. 7512. IIeyejien. 

7500. 7509. 
Heier. Higher. 9710 C. Heyer. 9707 C. 
Heinesse. Nobility, dignity. 1065. 8825. 
Heifol. Haughty. 4011 a. 7729 a. 
Hbil. Health. 2521. 
Heir. Air, -wind. 1183. 2749 a. Swift- 
ness. 1183 a. See Eir. 
Heire. Hair. 8952 ,8. 
Heiste. Highest. 88 IOC. 
Heiuol. Haughty. 4011. 7729. 
Hei^e, sb. Fear, awe. 591 a. 
Heije, adj. High. 1984 a. 2749 ^. 3625 P. 
Hei^enesse. Dignity, nobility. 1065. 
Hei^est. Highest. 3971 13. 
HEijEb, 3 s. Hasteneth. 7207 |8. 
Helde. Loyalty, allegiance. Hold me 
J^in helde = keep thine allegiance to me. 
5805. yuerie helde = swear allegiance. 
7095. 
Helde, sb. Eld, age. 722 13. 6426 a. 
Helde, 3 s. Healed. [Ill B.] 
Helde. Held. 3 s. 504/3. 3 ;j/. 53. 

7959 B. 
Helden, 3p/. Held. 7959/8. 
Heldere. Elder. H 19. 
Heldeste. Eldest. 684 a. 



Heldys. Held them. 4614 B. The scribe 
mistook the meaning and wrote ' heldys 
adde ' for ' heldys alle,' which misled 
Hearne, who interprets ' had them as 
holds.' 
Hele. To heal. 4587. 
Hele. Health. 3164. [106 B.] 8066. 
Heled, p.p. Covered. 6220 5. 
Helede, ;jre<. 3 s. Healed. [Ill C] 

Heled. [111j8.] 
Helid, p.p. Covered. 6220 fi. 
Helie. To cover up. 3170. Helije. 

3170 o. Hely. 317O7. 
Helm. Helmet. 6017. 
IIKI.P, pret. 3 s. Helped. 10554. 
Helt, 3 s. Held. FF 3. 
Hem. Them. 45/8. 49 B. 168 B. &c. 

183. 267/8. 268 a. 303. 
Hende. End. V4. 
Hexde. Oppressed, laid low. 6058 C. 

6059 C. See Hexede. 
Hexde. Gentle, courteous, kind. 262/8. 
767. 2244. 2373. 2641. 3481. 8347. 8843. 
8852. 
Hexdl Gentle. 262 a. 4532 a. Hexdy. 

4202. 4532 e. 
Hexede. Oppressed, laid low. 6058. 
6059. The other MSS. read stenede, 
stened, or stoned. 
Hexg, pret. 3 s. Hung. H 67. 
Hengim. Hung him = hung for him. 

T5. 
Hexxe. Hence. 2241. 2599. 7146. 9793. 
Hexte. To catch, take. 9505. 
Hexte, pret. 3 s. Caught, seized, took. 
395. 1131. 2667/8. 2958. 4182. 11151. 
Hexte OF. 4575. 
Heo. He. 262 B. 

Heo. She. 305. 306. 308. 615 B. 629. 
8950. They. 4 B. 36 B. 186 B. 260 B, 
&c. 
Heode = eode. Went. 987. 
Heold, 3 s. Held. 5499. 3/;/. Heolde. 

6053 B. 
Heoldis. Held them. 4614. Seelfi. 
Heolede, pret. 3 pi. Held. 3265. 
Heor. Their. 2831 B. Heoke. 87 B. 



920 



GLOSSAUY. 



Hepes. Hips. G580 C. 

Her. Their. 87. 249. 265 5. 274. 431 B. 

8174 B. Heke. 87 a. 4317- 621 B. 
Her. Ere, before. 354 a. 710 a. 7072 a. 

H 142. 
Herafterward. Hereafter. 6466. 
Her & \>ER. 1943. 2849. 2950. 3834. 

4231. 4235. 4459. 5033. 7759. 8170. 

8256. 10799. 11017. Here & >er. 

[95 B.] 8284. Her & ]?ere. 5.'599. 
Herbiuoke. Before this. 7431. 
Herde, 3 s. Heard. 1267 B. 
Herbles. Hurdles. 4788. 
Here, pers. pr. Her. 282 B. 
Here. Hair. 8841. 89.52. 11735. 
Here. To hear. 138 B. 6466 j8. 
Here. Error for 'he.' 10551. 
Here, poss. pron. Their. 4 B. 251 B. 

Her. 311. 
Herede, 3 pi. Eared, ploughed. 492. 
Herede. Praised, thanked. 3 s. 6989. 

3p/. 6955. 9621. 
Hereden, 3 pi. Praised, thanked. 6989 a. 
Heremytes. Hermits. 4847 a. 
Herenden, 3 pi. Praised. 6955 «. 
Hergaus. 11391 C. -See Herigaus. 
Heried. Praised, p.p. 68*22 fi. j^ret. 3 s. 

6989 5. 
Herigaus. Cloaks. 11391. O. Fr. her- 

gau. They were apparently proper to 

soldiers, and priests were forbidden to 

wear them. See Du Cange, s.v. llerga, 

Herigaldus. 
Herinde. Errand. 3087 o. 
Herkxe, imper. 2 s. Hearken. G 183 

(followed by an accusative). 
Herles. Earl's. 1222. 
Hernb. Corner. 1054. 7343. 
Her offe. Hereof. 6407. 
Herre. Higher, superior. 2239. 3625. 

9707. 9710. 
Herror. Former. 6642 y8. 
Herryes. Harry's. 6466 B- 
Hert. Hart. 242. 8652. 
Herte. Heart. 311. 489. pi. 7321. 
Herte. Hurt, injury. 6492. 
Her to. Hitherto. 1087. 



Heuuest. Harvest. 1371. 6032. 7378. 

7382. 7798. ]>e mon}>e of heruest = 

August. XX 175. Sec 8724. 
Heuyed. Praised. 3 pi. 6955 S. p.p. 

6963 S. 
Herys. Hers. 3944 S. 
Hesely'Che. Easily. 7470 B. 
Heste. Command. 1205. 2319. 2416. 

4387. 5695. 6588. Promise. 8719 j3. 
He sulf. He himself. 271 a. 
Het. Was called. 289. 348. 392. 1979. 

Commanded. 1021. 6439. Het dele = 

ordered to be divided. 7832. Hette. 

2792 B. 
Hete, 3 s. Commanded. 3 s. 6297 S. 

7836 5. Zpl. 4261. 4325. 
Hete. To heat. 7182. 
Hete. Heat. 7182. 7183. 
HEt>ENE. Heathens. 1804. 4650. 7504. 
HeJjenesse. Heathenism. 1677. 4652. 

4726. The country of the heathen. 

9874. 10902. 
Heued. Head. 397. 398. 2366. pi. 

Heded. 1797. 7449. Heueden. 2378. 

5254. 8293 B. 
Heued churche. Cathedral. 1574. 4773. 
Heued toun. Chief town, capital. 529 

533. 
Heuedys. Heads. 1797 a. 
Heuene riche. The kingdom of heaven. 

Z 28. 
Heuene word. Heavenward. 5091 a. 
Hext. Highest. 127. 1660. 2031 B. 

Hexte. 1025. 2031a. 5379. 8810. pi. 

Hexte. 323. 1660 a. 3971. 5381. 
Heyde, 35. Hastened. 7953 B. 
Heye, adj. High. 297. Hey. 3625 o. 

Hei)E. 3625 3. Heye, adv. 5022. 

10362. 
PIeymon. a high man, man of rank. 

4561. 7716. 
Heynesse. Haughtiness. 6691. Heinesse. 

6694. 
Hi. They. 2407. 
Hide. A measure of land. 6015. pi. 

Hide. 6016. Hiden. 7676. 
IIiDEN. Hides. 8337. 
Hider. Hither. 48. Hidere. 48 o. 



GLOSSARY. 



921 



HiDERTO. Hitherto. 1087 o. 5345. 
HiEDE. pres. 3 s. Hastened. 573. 4540. 

3j9/. 11289. 
HieJj. Hasteneth. 7207. Ki>,f.1j. 7207 o. 
Hii. They. 4. 36. 58. &1. &c. 
Him. Them. 2407. 
Him. It ; of a town. G050. 
Himself. Used as a nominative. 271. 
HiN. Him. 1944. 2653. 
HiNE. Hind, farm-servant. 9919. 10521. 

Hyne. 9919 C. pi HiNEN. 11198.. 
HiNE. Him. 2317 a. XX .548 5. 
Hire, Jai. To her. 309. acc. Her. 310. 

poss. pr. Her. 311 B. 630. Hers. 3944. 
Hire. Iron. 3001. 
His. Is. 1. 27. 116. 468. 
His. Them. 8964 C. 
His. It. 7157 C. 
Hit. It. 4. 8. 12. &c. Used as plural. 

2395 a. Its. 6567 a. 
Hi)E. To hasten, imper. 2 s. 3 193 a. 4073 a. 

pret. 3 s. Hi)Ede. 4540 a. 
Hut. Was called. 289 fi. 348 /8. 392 ;8. 
Ho. She. 306 B. Who. 2235 B. 
Hoker. Scorn. 5516. 5789. An hoker 

= in scorn. 6563. 
Hokerlichb. Scornftilly. 8631. Ho- 

KERLT. 8631 y. 
HoL. Whole. 1918. [116 B.] 7197. V 7. 
Hold. O'd. 5.393 o. 
HOLDE, p.p. Held. XX 138 )3. 
UoLDE. Fortress. 1021/3. 7865 /3. 
HoLDE. Allegiance. 7095 B. 
HoLDE. Loyal. 7669 o. 7741. 7861. 7863. 

9127. 9369. 
HoLDE. Old. 4795. G 189. 
HoLDEN VP. To uphold. 10298. 
HoLDEh, 2 pL Hold ye. 6898. 3 pi. 

7541. 
Holers. Whoremongers, lechers. 624. 
HoLEAVE. Hollow. A 10. 
HoLiOKE. Holier. [18 a.] 
HoLijE. Holy. 1862 a. 2527 a. 
HoLOURS. Lechers. 624 S. 
B.o-LTV.,p.p. Helped. 7019 3. 
Holt, 3 s. Holdeth, keepeth. 7788. 
HoLU. Hollow. 5020. pi. HoLWE. 2779. 
HoLYOR. Holier. [18 B.] 



HoM. Them. 49. 50. 168. 

HoM SDLF. Themselves. 413. Himself. 

7459. 
HoxD. Hand. 402. 8655. dat. Honde. 

61. 348. HoND. 114. pi. HoNDus. 

4056 5. 7186 5. Hoxdes. 7079 ^. 

7186 S. HoxDEN. 7079.7186. 8655 B. 

9342. 9344. 
HoND AXE. Hand axe. 584 B. 
HoNDE. Hatred. 929. 
HoNDERED. Hundred. 453. 
HoNDFOL. Handful. 5889. 
Honored. Hundred. 6. 
IIoxGE. To hang. 1228 B. 1259 B. 1559. 

9212. 11771. pret. 3 s. Hongede. 

H 68. HoNGED. T 5 y8. 3 pi. Hon- 

geden. T 5 f . 
HoNGER. Hunger. 7767. 
HoNGi. To hang. 1228. 1259. 
HoNOURi. To honour. 600.. 6520 a. Ho 

NOUKY. 1781. 6520 B. 
HoNTE. To hunt. 366 B. 368 B. pret. 

3 pi. HONTEDE.. 366 a. 
HoNTED, AN. A-hunting. 7710 C. 
HonteJj, an. A-huuting. 366. 5742. 

5840. 7710. 8639. 9113. On iionteJ>. 

7761a. A HONTE>. 8639 C. 
HoNTi. To hunt. 359. 368. 
Hoo. Who. 928 B. 
HooL. Whole, sound. 7197/8. 
HopiE. To hope, trust. 4036. Hopi^e. 

7233 a. Followed by ' to.' 786. 6833. 

7233. pret. 3 s. Hopede. 775. 786. 3170. 

imper. 2 pi. IIopie{>. 9337. 
HoppEDE, 3 s. Hopped, danced. 5632. 
HoR. Hoar, gray haired. G 189. 
HOR. Their. 264. 265. 418. &c. 
HoR EiJ)EU. Each of them. 1363. 1720. 

3332. 3834. 8791. 
HoRDOM. Whoredom. [46 B.] 5717. 

7512. 
Hoke. Whore. 5661. 
HORE. Their. 251. 1152. 2160. 4854 C. 

7545 C. Theirs. 4984. 7119. 10422. 

11701. 
Hore. Dirt, filth. 180. 
'S.ons, pi. Horses. 1152. 6392. 8168. 
HoKsnERE. Ilorselitter. 3400. 



922 



GLOSSARY. 



Hose. Stockings. 2654. 8013 B. Hosen. 

8013. Hoses. 8013 C. 
HosEBONDE. Husbandman. 11302. Hose- 

BON. 11302 C. 
Hosel. The sacrament of the Eucharist. 

8661. 
HosELi. To administer the sacrament. 

7420. 8060. 
Hostage. The condition of being a hos- 
tage. 299. 
HOTE. To command. 1324. 4253. 6572, 

pres. 1 p/. HoTE>. 3998. 4007. 10336- 
HoTE. To be called. 2066. 8898. 8899. 
Ho>. Oath. 4795 a. 
HouEDE. Halted. 3582. 4468. 11370. 
HouNE. Own [131 a.] 
Hour. Our. 6044 B. Houre. 7453B. 
Hous, p/. Houses. 1 1 76. 3027. 8579. 
HousEDE, 3 pL Made houses. 492. 
HoosEL. The sacrament ; properly the 

host, or consecrated bread. 8661 C. 
HousEL. To administer the sacrament. 

8060/3. HousELi. 7420 a. 8060 a. 

HonsELY. 7420 C. Hously. 7420j3. 

8060 C. 
HouT. Aught. G 209. 
Howe. Apparently for * owe,' you. 591. 

10449. 
How^e. Care, anxiety. 9466. 10449. 
Howe. Own. 6877 a. 
Hu. She. 8928 5. 

Hudde. Hid. 3 s. 6337. 3 p/. 4642. 
Huden. Hides. 8337 B. 
HuDER. Hither. 4733 C. 
Hue. She. XX 246 S. 
Hui. They. 1750 a. 2247 a. 8764 S. 
HuL. Hill. 164. 1296. 7469. 8211, 11520. 

HuLLE. 3625 B. pi. Hulles. 2966. 
HuLD, 3s, Held, 504, 595. 3740. 5499 a. 

Hulde, 11786 C. 3pl. Hulde. 752. 

851. 2037. 6053. 7959. Hulden. 7959 a. 
Hulde. 2703. I'erhaps an error for 

BULBE. 

Hulde. To hold. Him let hulde = 

caused him to be secured. XX 550. 
lIuLDE. Eld, old age. 1975 a. 
Huldere, adj. Elder. 7829 a. 



HuLDEiiE, jjL Elders. 907 a. 2431 a. 

3708 a. 
HuLLE. Hill. 5985. 8211 C. 
HuLT, 3 s. Held. 1018 B. 6606 a. 
Hum. Him. 8629. 
HuNDERED. Hundred. 10646. 
HuNDES. Hounds. 4824 C. 
Hunted, an. A-hunting. 5742 C. 5840 C. 
HuNTEjj, AN. A-hunting. 5840 a. 8639 a. 
'H.VFE,pret. S s. Leaped. 4225 B. 
HuPES. Hips. 6580. 
Hui'PE. To jump. 11104. 
HuvTE, pret. 3 s. Leaped up. 4225. 4231. 

4268. 5618. Jumped. 11105. 3 ;;/. 

11175. 
HuR, pers. pr. Her. 569 fi. 
Hurde, 3 s. Heard. 1069. 1095. 5649, 

7332. 
HuRDEN. Tow. S 7. 12. 
HuRE. To hear. 3932. 6297. 6466 B. 
HuRE, pers. pr. Her. 282 a. 310 a. (of an 

axe) 389 a. (of a church) 7157 a. 7158 o. 

poss. j)r. Her. 311 a. Hers. 3944 a, 
HuRNE. Corner. 2907. 3695. 5513. 7343 a, 

7353. 
HuRNEST. Earnest. 4236 a. 
Hues. Hers. 3944 /3. 
HuRTE. Heart. 311 a. 724 a. 6595 a. pi. 

HURTEN. 489 o. 
Hus. Use, custom. 9402. 
Hwo. Who. 928 5. 7450 5. 
Hy. They. 7203 a. 
Hye. To hasten. 2795,8714. iwper. 2s. 

3193. 4073. 
Hye^est. Highest. 1660)3. 
Hyrden. Hards, tow. S 7 e. S 12 e, 
Hyrische. Irish. 3183 a. 
Hyrne. Corner. 5513 e. 
Hys. It. 7157 B. 
Hyte. To be called. 8899 e. 3 s. Was 

called. 48 lie. 
Hy>e. High. 1984 5. 
Hy^t, 3 s. Promised. 6398 5. 



GLOSSARY. 



923 



I. 



Ianewek. January. 7259 C. Ianuder. 

7259 S, Ianyuere. 7259 B. 
Iarmed, p.p. Armed. 315. 7917. 9322. 

10793. 
lBARND,p.p. Burnt. 2890 a. 9535. 
Ibe. Been. 191. 535. 7324. 8347. Ibeo. 

800* o. 5017 a. XX 305. Ibeox. I 2. 
Ibede, /)./). Asked, bidden. 6873. Pro- 
mised. 7867. 
Ibend, p.p. Bent. 7216. 
Iberyed, p.p. Buried. 4799 e. 
Iblessed, p.p. Blessed. XX 445. 
Iboned, p.p. Boned. 8571. 
Ibore, p.p. Born. 181. 198. 238. S686. 

9776. 
Ibouxde, p.p. Bound. 808. 6704. 9966. 
Iboujt, p.p. Bought. 10956. 
Ibo^t, p.p. Bought. 6724. 
Ibuend, p.p. Burned. 186. 
Ibroke, p.p. Broken. 7351. 9287 C. 
Ibrout, p.p. Brought. XX 374. 520. 

Ibroujt, XX 367 6. Ibrout. 48. 188. 

291. 
Ibured, p.p. Buried. 541. 1165. 1374. 

6623 C. Iburede. XX 28. Iburet, 

p.p. 1374 a. Iburijed. 6623 o. BB 30. 

Iburyed. 1165 7. 
IcAST, p.p. Cast. 2801. XX 38. 222. 
IcH. I. 1. 30. &c. 
IcnABBE. I have. 1334. 2239. 
IcHADDE. I had. 2446. 5521. 
ICHCHOLLE. I shall. 7797. 
IcnEND, p.p. Injured, destroyed. 4331 o. 
ICHIM. I him. As in ' ichim wolde hakky,' 

I would hack him. 2982. 3153. 9122. 
IcnoLDE. I would. 285. 8164. 
ICHOLLE. I will. 713. 1333. 8359. 8360. 
ICHOM. I them. As in ' jif ichom may 

overcome,' if I may. overcome them. 

2448. 2476. 8351. 
IciiosE, p.p. Chosen. 3081. 6663. 6752. 

9700. 9702. 
IcHosoN, p.p. Chosen. XX 118. 



ICHOT. I M'Ot, I know. 2738. 3356. 8884. 

9406, 
IcLAXSED, p.p. Cleansed. 1012. 
IcLEPiD, p.p. Called. 31 a. 110 a. Icle- 

PED. 212 a. 
IcLOSED, p.p. Enclosed. EE 17. 
ICLOUE, p.p. Cloven. 1135. 
ICLUPED, p.p. Called. 110. 156. 212. 
IcoME, pret. 3 s. Came. 2025. p.p. 

Come. 993. 1045. 6740. 7398. 
IcoMPACED, p.p. Compassed, planned. 

2369. 
IcoxFERMED, p.p. Confirmed. 9060. 

10710. 
IcROUXED, p.p. Crowned. 2308. 7269 a. 

10975. Marked with the tonsure. 9656. 
Idampxed, p.p. Condemned. 6381 C. 

8679 e. 

Idee. An idel = in vain. 3070. Anydcl. 

3071. On ydel. 3070 a. 3071a. 
Ideled, p.p. Divided. 542. 
Idelyd, p.p. Divided. 9426 C. 
Idejid, p.p. Doomed, condemned. 8679. 
Idempxed, p.p. Condemned. 8679 a. 
Idut, p.p. Prepared, arranged. 3371a. 

6175 a. XX 307. 
Ido. Done. 408. 737. 8934. Set, placed. 

698. 1926. 8938. Idox. 1523. 7303. 

XX 240. to dehido = put to death. 8456. 
Idoxe. Wat I done god = what kind or 

manner of god. 2426 a. See Professor 

Skeat's Notes to Piers Plowman, B. 

XVIII. 298 ; and Alexander and Dindi- 

mus, 222. 

Idrawe, p.p. Drawn, attracted. 9655. 

9704. 10750. 
lDRiuE,p.p. Driven. 245. 921. 2145. 6003. 
Idroxke, p.p. Having drunk. 1012.8646. 
Iegged, p.p. Edged, having an edge. 

6342. Iegghiod. 5542 o. 
Iexded, p.p. Ended. 4069. 
Iexeoere. January. 7259 fi. 
Iexicteb. January. 7259. 10882. XX 449. 
Ientrysk. Noble birth. 8945 e. 
Iete, p.p. Eaten. 8646. 
Ifelde, 3 A'. Felt. 3839 o. 



924 



GLOSSARY. 



Ifere. His ifere = together with him, 

as his companions, in his company. 

5994 a. XX 268. adv. Together. XX 28. 
Ifet, p.p. Fetched. 5721 C. 
Iflemd, p.p. Banished. 7035. 
Iflowe, p.p. Flown. 672. Fled. 2857. 

6349. 
Ifolled, p.p. Baptized, [la.] 5380a. 

XX 464. 
Ifonded, p.p. Tried, tested. 790. 1727. 

4034. 
Ifonge, p.p. Received. 6620 a. 
Ifounde, p.p. Found. 399. 7932. 10871. 
Ifojte, p.p. Fought. 1486. 
Ifrore, p.p. Frozen. 5354 a. XX 247. 
Ifuld, p.p. Filled. 1072 a. 7481, Ifulde, 

333. 
Ifunde, p.p. Found. 9081 C. 
Igadered, p.p. Gathered. 2105. 7161. 

10029. 
Igged, p.p. Edged, having an edge. 

6342^. 
Igo, p.p. Gone. 7005. XX 260. 
Igon, p.p. Gone. 377. 
Igranted, p.p. Granted. 7774. Igratjn- 

TED. 11019. 11552. Igrantede. XX 84. 
Igreued, p.p. Grieved, injured. X 6. 
Igrop, 3 s. Gripped. H 145. 
Igurd, p.p. Girt. 3615. 7433. XX 561. 
Ihalewed, p.p. Consecrated. 7158 a. 

Ihalwed. 7158.8592.11032. 
Iharded, p.p. Hardened. 7221. 
IiiARLBD, p.p. Harried ; literally, dragged. 

10260. See Harlede. 
Ihasted, p.p. Hastened, hurried off. 

10553. 
IiiATED, p.p. Hated. H 259. 
Iiieled, p.p. Covered. 6220. 
IiiENT, p.p. Caught. XX 37. 
IiiBRD, p.p. Heard. 207. 
IiiERE. To hear. 138. H 125. 
IiiERED, p.p. Praised. 6822. 6963. 
InEUEn, p.p. Had. 805. 
IiiOLDE, p.p. Held. 1250. 1255. 1342. 

6430. 11969. 
IiiOLPE, p.p. Helped. 8358. 
IiiOTE, p.p. Called. 261. 1697. 1790. 



IiiUD, p.p. Hidden. 4238. 

Ihcrd, p.p. Heard. 207 a. 1525. pret. 

3 s. IiiURDE. 772. 829. 1095 o. 2024 o. 

6314 C. 
IiiURB. To hear. 6233. 6297 a. 6466. 

10711. zwper. 2p/. IhureJj. BB 1. 
IiocsTED. 1190. See YOSTED. 
IiOYNED, p.p. Joined. 7257. 
IiuGGED, p.p. Judged. 7082. 
Ikenede, p.p. Conceived. 1545. Ikened. 

1545 a. 
Iknewe, 3 s. Knew. 9228. 
Ikrouned, p.p. Crowned. 1869. 
Iknowe. To acknowledge. 3995. 
Iknowe, p.p. Known. 8891. 
Ikud, p.p. Shewn. 1328. Known. 1929. 
Iladde, p.p. Led. 6447 a. Ilad. 6938. 

8670. 
Ilast, 3 s. Lasted. 208. Ilaste. 3621. 

7303. 7486. 9895. 11373. 
Ilate, p.p. Let. 10356. 11864. 11874. 
Ilefd, p.p. Left. 5338 a. 
Ilei, p.p. Lien. 5729 C. 
Iler. Empty. 11221. 
Ilerned, p.p. Learned. 675. 
Ileste. To last. 2498. 
Ileued, p.p. Left. H 50. 
Ileuede, 3 s. Believed. 8044. 11835. 
Ileye, p.p. Lien. 1711. 10662. 
Iliciie. Alike. 152. 666. 9514 C. Ilicu. 

9514. 
lucnE. I,ike. 1140. Ilich. 6055. 
IliJiered, p.p. Bound with thongs. 11438. 
Iliued, p.p. Lived. 6326. 
Ilke. Same. 256 B. 324 13. 
Iloked, p.p. Regarded. 6430. Pi-ovided, 

appointed. 6959. 11025. 11838. 11972. 
Ilome. Frequently. 43. 51. 207. 343. 1244. 
Ilore, p.p. Lost. 3358. 4658 a. 6783. 

8059.8132. 
Ilost, p.p. Lost. 3358 /3. 
Iloued, p.p. Loved. 715. 
Ilowe, p.p. Lied. 3348. 
Iltued, p.p. Lived. 535 a. 
Im. Him. 2330. 2961. 4090. 9460. 
Imad, p.p. Made. 170. 412. 629. 7217. 
Jmaked, pp. Made. 163. 200. 1529. 
Imariei), p.p. Married. 709. 



GLOSSARY. 



925 



Imartued, jj.p. Martyrefl. 9792. 
Imexgi), p.p. Mingled. 1121. 2541. 

3437 a. 
Imete. Long. 1437. 
Imonk. Moan, complaint. 1195. 
Im sulf. Himself. 1459. 
In. At. 6178. On. G177. G179. 7515. 8GGS. 
Ix. Him. C3t;3. 
Ix. Inn, lodging. 235G. 11311. Were 

at inae = were lodged. 5998. 
Inabde = I ne habbe. I have not. 4080. 

6571. 
Inadde = I ne hadde, 1 bad not. 702G. 
Inam = I ne am, I am not. 9406. 
Inas=I ne was, I was not. 7027. 
Ine = I ne. 712. 
Inele = I ne will, I will not. 727. 2241. 

4075. Inelle. 1258. 
Ineward, sb. Intestines, womb. 28G4. 

Inewarde. 1547. 
Infinitive used for the gerundial noun. 

per bijet penda lute cristinemeu to 

afere = there gained Penda little for (or 

by) terrifying the Christians. 5015. 
Infinitive, use of. Were it to leue were = 

whether it were to be believed. 2747. 

pat was to ry we sore = that was a thing 

to be pitied sore. 3271. Wat were to 

done. 3318. pat was to leue wel. 8680. 
In mone. 6359 C. Sec Mone, Ymone. 
Innore. Inner, more inland. 5200. 
Innv. To lodge. 6903. 
iNOJiE. Taken. 43. 249. 274. 609. 
Inorssed, p.p. Nourished, nursed. 1450. 
Inot = I ne wot, I know not. 151. 1053. 

4086. 
Inou. Enough. 269. 378. pi. Inowe. 

1363. 1772. 6999. 
Ino). Enough. 11. 122. Inou). 15. 
Intemper. Intemperate. 8848 0. 
Inuste = I ne wiste, 1 knew not. 2742. 
loBLiGED, 3 s. Bound by an obligation. 

7995. 
loiuoL. Joyful. 786. 1969. 

loi-^E. Joy. G 96. 

loRDEiNED, p.p. Ordained, arranged. 

1117. 6174. 9276. 
Ip.UD,p.p. Pleased. 1077. Ir.vYo. 1842. 



IvxiSKB, p.p. Acquitted. 12029. 
Ipassei), p.p. Passed. XX 578. 
Ipined, p.p. Pined, starved. 9230. 
Ipi)t, p.p. Pitched. 1116. 
Iplijt, 3 s. Plighted, pledged. 7346. 

p.p. 7971. 
Iporoeid, p.p. Provided. 7473 o. 
Ipreoued, p.p. Proved. XX 373. 
Iproued, p.p. Proved. 3958 a. 9373. 

9552. 9723. 
Ipult, p.p. Put. 9550. 11 154. See 

PULTE. 

Ik. pers. pr. Her. 10119. 11804. poss. pr. 

11803. 
Ire. Her. pers. pr. 2016. pos. pr. 630, 

6480. 6481. 7524. 
Ire. Iron. 143. 1171. 6871. 
Ire. Swiftness, vehemence, 1183 7. 

3826 j3. 
Iredy. Eeady. 7685. 
Iren. Iron. 1171 j3. 
Iremewed, p.p. Eemoved. 1 1455. 
Irobbed, p.p. Eobbed. 2179 «. 
Is. It. 1608. 1616. 1924. 2211. 4055. 

4056. 6596. 7778. 8335. 10506. 10519. 

Them. 6944. 7081. 8294. 8964. 9165. 

10704. 
Is. Ilis. 221. 233. 292. 634. &c. 
Is. The sign of the genitive. 290. 656. 

2936. 3297. 7107. 8581 C. 
Isacred, p.p. Consecrated. 6762. 10137. 

10838. XX 458. 
ISAi^E, 3 s. Saw. 5697 a. 
ISAY, 3p/. Saw. 8323. 11069. IsAi. H 124. 
IsciiEND,p.p. Injured, destro^'ed, disgraced. 

5317 a. XX 14. Ischent. XX. 38. 
IsE. To see. 9. 231. 519. 6427. IsEO. 

9 a. 1544 a. [141 a.] YsE. 9 0. pres. 

1 s. IsE. 6963. 10342. Iseo. 6963 o. 

1 pi. IseJ>. 3004. 3047. 2 pi. Iseo)>. 
2248 a. 3 pi. IsE>. 6974. pret. 3 s. 
Tsei. 793. 1193.1698. 8749 C. Isey. 
258. 1042. 1128. Isei). 253. 551. 

2 pi. Iseye. 6829. 3 pi. Isei. 7236 C. 
Iseie. 1310. ISEIJE. 3098 o. 3831 a. 
IsKYE. 7818. p.p. IsEiE. 6782. Iseye. 
5. 8605. Isene. 611. G645. 6809. 9071 . 

IsELT, p.p. Salted. 9164. 



926 



GLOSSARY. 



IsENDE, p.p. Sent. 4996 a. 5342 e. Isend. 

5342 a. 6834. 8201. 10874. 
ISENT, p.j». Sent. 10146. 
IsEiiUED, p.p. Served. 624. 1469. 
IsET,p.p. Set. 2. 8115. XX 446. Put 

out, arranged. 7780. 
IsHENTE, p.jj. Injured, disgraced. XX 14. 
IsiBEE. Belated to, akin to. 6438. 
IsLAWE. Slain. 450. 1767. XX 544. 
I.SMERED, p.;;. Smeared, anointed. 9377. 
IsMiTE,p.p. Smitten. 6186. 7229. 9789. 
IsoDE, p.p. Sodden. 9164. 
IsoFFRED, p.p. Suffered. 8504. 
LsoME. At peace. 52. 936. 1858. G 22. 

XX 398. 
IsousTEiNED, p.p. Sustained. 7755. 
IsowE. In a swoon. 10830 C. 
IsoTLED. Soiled, defiled. 7209. Isoiled. 

8971. 
IsojT, p.p. Sought. 9040. 
IsPARED, p.p. Spared. XX 147. 
IsPEKE, j)-P- Spoken. 9245. 
IsPEND, p.p. Spent, consumed. 8332. 
IsPOUSED,2J.p. Espoused. 297. 748. 6482. 

8929. 
IspR.VD, p.p. Spread. [146 a.] 11313. 
IssAPEj p.p. Shaped, designed. 4391.. 
IssekkeJj. 7233 C. The text has ' isucj>.' 
IsSEND, p.p. Injured, destroyed. 4331. 
TssENT, p.p. Disgraced. 10795. 
IssEAVED, p.p. Shewed. 6975. 
IssoTE, p.p. Shot. 7250. 7483. 7707. 

8665. 10009. 
IsSRiTTE, p.p. Shriven. 8370. 11301. 
JsTABLED, p.p. Establi.shed. EE 34. 
IstrengJ'ED, p.p. Fortified. XX 135. 
IsTURED, p.p. Stirred. 3663 a. 
IsucJ), 3 s. Seeth. 7233. 
IsuLT, p.p. Salted. XX 35. 
IsuLTE, p.p. Salted. 9164 C. 
IsuoPE, p.p. Swept. 6945. Iswope. 

6945 a. 
IsuoRE, p.p. Sworn. 7351. 
Isuoave, p.p. Swooning, in a swoon. 7184. 

10830. IswOWE. 305. 829. 7183 a. 
IsusTEiNED, p.p. Sustained. 7697. Isus- 

TKYNED. 7054 C. 

IsuK 3p/. See. 3126 o. 



IswooR, p.p. Sworn. 9127 e. 

It. Used of a plural antecedent. 2395. 

2405. Its. 6567 y. 
Itake, p.p. Given up, delivered. 6106. 

Taken. 11848. 
Itau5,t, p.p. Taught. 2197 a. 
Iteijt, p.p. Taught. 2197. 
I>E. To thrive. 8817. pret.'is. IJje^. 

240. Y))EI. 240 a. 
I1?oled, p.p. Suffered, endured. 579. 
I>0)T, p.p. Thought. 515. 6370. 
Itold, p.p. Told. 1634. 7258. 
Itornd, p.p. Turned. 7231. 
Iturnd, p.}). Turned. 665. 6824. 
IvALLE. Fallen. 1537. 
IvELEDE, 3 s. Felt. 3839. 
IvENT; p.p. Changed. 126. 
luGE. To judge. 1234 B. pret. 3 s. 

luGEDE. 4154. p.p. luGGEn. 7082 B. 
luGEMENT. Judgment. 1236. 
luGGE. To judge. 1234 a. 
luGi. To judge. 1234. 
luL. July. 8142. 8221. 
luN. June. 8310. 8469. 
luM. June. 8310 5. 
IwAN, 3 s. Won. XX 592. 
IwAR. Aware. 361. 601. 
IwARNED, p.p. Warned. 11843. 
IwEDDED, p.p. Wedded. 6734. 
IwEiUED, p.p. 10823. Banished, driven 

outi In the corresponding passage of 

the Annales de Waverleia (Annales 

Monastic!, ii. 315), we find'omnes pro- 

scriptos et exules revocavit.' 
IwEND. Gone. 823. 939. 
IwEND, 3 pZ. Went. 11857. 
IwENDE, 3 s. Went. XX 329. 
IwENT. Gone. 567. 1377. 9475. Turned 

10794. 
IwERRED, p.p. Made war upon, ravaged 

by war. 43. 51. 
IwiNNE. To Avin. 10687. 
Iwis. Certainly. 42. 86. 106. 191. 279. 
IwiTE. To know. 188. 224. 988. 
IwiuED, p.p. Wived, married. 6459. 10888. 
Iwoi.T, p.p. Filled. 1072. 



GLOSSAllY. 



927 



IwoN. Course of action. 8663 S. For- 
tune, condition. 10790. Sec Won. 

Im ONDED, p.p. Wounded. 1141.9427. 

IwONED, p.p. Wont. 805. 1431. 7749. 
10889. 

IwoxN'E. Conquered, gotten. 1033. 73.''>8. 
8366. 

IwoKRED. Ravaged by war. 43 B. 51 B. 
Made war upon. 6524. Fought. 9568. 

IwoRhE. To be. 1535. 

IvouNDED, p.p. Wounded. 2974. 

IwoxE, p.p. Grown. 8525. 8856 e. 

IwRiE, p.p. Equipped. 1281. 

IwRiTE. Written. 189. 607. 2770. 6793. 

IwROjT, p.p. Wrought. 1608. 

IwusT, p.p. Defended. 2272. 10751. 
Kept. 5540. 

IwusTE, 3 s. Knew. 11686. 

IjE. Ye. 9360. 

IjELDE, p.p. Oiled, anointed. 9376 C. 

IjETE, p.p. Eaten. 7397. 

IjiUE, p.p. Given. 2480 a. 6629. 7406. 
8866. 9671. 

l3;OLDE, p.p. Yielded. 7430. 9223. 10957. 

K. 

KAI.ANGEDE, 3 s. Challenged. 5660 B. 
Kandlen. Candles. BB 5. 
Karije. To care. 6371 a. 6389 a. 
Karole. Carol, song. 1218. 
Kemelyng. Foreigner. 581 B. 
Kende, 3 s. Turned. XX 482. See La)a- 

mcn (iii. 52, ed. Madden), 1. 26467, and 

Pearly English Poems, &c., ed. Furnivall, 

p. 65, /. 212. 
Kene. Bold. 6471. XX 208. Sharp. 10054. 
Kexed, p.p. Conceived. 1547. Kennede. 

1545)3. Kenntd. 1547S. 
Kenede, 3 s. Was conceived. 1545 B. 

1547 B. Kenned. 1547/3. 
Kenteys. Kentishmen. 5458. 
Keoueri. To recover. 1141a. 5133 a. 

pret. 3 s. Keouerede. 3833 a. 
Keoderynge. llecovef-y. 7499 C. Keo- 

uekixge. 7499 o. 
Kepe. To await, wait for. 4344. 
Kepe. To receive. 1 178. 



Kepe, pret. Cared for. 3957 a. 

Kepte, 3 s. S)- pi. Cared for. 746. 3957. 

11359. Hii ne kepte nanmore him 

mete = they cared not to meet him any 

more. 3683. Ne kepte hit holde nojt = 

cared not to hcfld it. 5214. 
Kepte, 3 5. 2950. Snatched, seized. 
Kerf, j^rct. 3 s. Carved. [HOB.] 
Kete. Bold, strong. 2585 o. 
Keuere. To recover. 1141 B (errata). 

5129. Keueri. 1141. Keueuy. 1141/8. 

5133. Keuyr. lUly. 
Keuereoe, 3 p/. Kecovered. 1 146 5. 
Keueued, pret. 3 s. Recovered. 3833. 

8066. 
Keueringe. Recovery. 7499. Kei er- 

YNGE. 7499 fi. 
Keyen. Keys. 3848. 11179. Keien. 

11784. Keyjen. 3848 a. 
KiNDAM. Kingdom. 1854 B. 
Kinedom. Kingdom. 58. 195. 280. 1854. 
KiNESMEN. Kinsmen. 7446 o. 
KiNGE, p/. Kings. 8179. 
KiXGES = King his. 9507. 
KiNGLES. Without king. 2289. 
KiNREDE. Kindred. 346. 
KiPTE. Gripped, seized. 522. 2667. 
KiTiiE. Shew. ('mper. 3 s. 7314 /3. 2 p/. 

2963/8. 3100/3. 
Klaf, 3 s. Clave. 8267 /8. 
Kne. Knee. 4691. Kneo. 4691 o. Used 

of a joint or degree iu a line of descent : 

' in J>e tejje kne.' 
KxEi.EJ), 3 pi. Kneel. 7607 C. 
Knely. To kneel. 7607. 
Knei-, 3 .s. Knew. 6435. Knewe. 5404. 
Kneuleciiede, 3 pi. Acknowledged. 

G 114. 
Kneuli^e]>, 3p/. Kneel. 7607 a. 
Knewen, 3 pi. Knew. 5404 a. 6435 5. 
Kni;t,p/. Knights. 5787. 
Knowe. To acknowl<;dge. 3995 P. 
Knowe, 3 s. Knew. 5404 e. 6435 0. 
Knowen, 3 pi. Knew. 5404 fi. 
Kxowi.EciiEV), 3 pi. Acknowledged, 

G 114/8. 
KOKE, 3 6-. Quiikcd, ?hook. 4242 /3. 
KoKi u. Quiver. II 66. 



928 



GLOSSARY. 



KoMELTNGES. Foreigners. 424 B. Koii- 

LYNGES. 429 B. 

KoNTASSE. Countess. 3372. 

KouiiE. Cough,. G395 a. 

KouuELES. Tubs. 5352 a. S^ee Couelles. 

KouwARD. Coward. 5804 a. 

KOYNTE. Quaint, curious. 1555 B. 

KOYNT. 2337 /8. 
KuD. Shewn, proved. 1929 S. 
KuDDE, pret. Shewed. 3 s. 2379. 3 pi. 

1297. 7322. 
KuiNDE. Kind, kin. 634 a. 923 a. 
KuMELiXG, si. Stranger. 581. 
KuMES, sb. Coming. 2445. 
KuN. Kin. 251 a. 253. 306. 930. 6774. 
KuNDE. Kind, kin, race. 251. 257. 634. 

3434. Right of birth. 2231. 6664. 

Natural succession. 6465. 6467. 6469, 

6676. 7276. 
KuNDE, adj. Native. 937. 1891. llight- 

ful, by virtue of birth. 5157. 6429. 6751. 

6788. 7275. 9308. Natural. 5900. 7243. 
KuNOEDE. Kindness. 10589. Nearness 

of kin. 11834. 
Ku:<DELiciiE. Naturally. 7257. 
KuNDEMEN. Natives. 851. 2883. 7581. 
KuNDERE. More rightful, nearer of kin. 

9995. 
KuNDHEDE. Kindness. 75G. 9195. 9282. 

KuNiiEDE. 9195 B. 
KuxESMEX. Kinsmen. 7440. 
KuNNE. Kin. 2422. 5092. None kunne 

t>inge = no kind of thing. II 139. 
KuNNES. In none kunnes = in no manner 

or kind. 2380 a. 5433 a. 7690 0. For 

nones kunnes verde. AA 2. In alle 

kunnes wyse. XX 2. 
Kunnes man. Kinsman. II 213. })l. 

KUNNESMEN. 7045. 

KuNREDE. Kindred. 5764 B. pi. Kun- 

REDENE. 346 o. 5764 a. 
KtJST, 2 s. Kissest. 8969. 
KusTE, 3 s. Kissed. 310. 2521. 8957. 
Kul>E. To shew. 7085. 
KuYNDE. Kind, kin. 247 a. 279 a. 

KuiNDE. 257 a. 
KirYTiiE. To shew. 7085 S. 
KwAKEOE, 3 s. Quaked. 575. 



Kyd, 3 7)J. Shewed. 2265/3. 
Kydde, 3 pi. Shewed. 1297 13. 
Kyuue. Known. 1929)3. 
Kymlynge. Foreigner. 58lS. pi. Kym- 
LY'NGES, 429 5. 

Kyneriche. Kingdom. G 57. 

Kynnes. In no kynnes = in no kind. 

2380)3. 5433/8. See 7690 7, AA 2 e, 

and Kunnes. 
Kynnysmen. Kinsmen. 7446 5. 
Kynreden. Kindreds. 346 /3. 5764 j8. 
Kythe. 2585 7 ; where /3 has kete. 
Kythe, imper. 2 pi. Shew. 2283 0. 



La. Lo!Gl96. 

Ladde, 3 s. Led. 925. 1795. 4161. 3 pi. 

6054. p.p. 6447 y. 
Laddre. Ladder. 6830. pi. Laddren. 

3103. 8490. Laddrene. 3103 o. 
Lak. Lack, defect. 8534. 
Lambren. Lambs. 6447 a. 
Lajimasse. Lammas ; the first of August. 

6486. 8660. 11650. 12024. Lammese. 

6486 5. 
Lampreye. Lamprey. 9114. 
Lancen. Lances. 3823 B. 
Landfolc. People of the country. 1£91. . 
Langage. Language. 1569. 
Lanmasse. Lammas. 4111. 
Lar. Empty. 4334 a. The Cotton MS. 

has ' bar.' 
Large. Liberal. 1742. 2373. 3481. 6780 

8001. 
Largeliche. Liberally. 7357. 7869. 
Lasse. Less. adj. 2120. 4174. 5697. adv. 

4. 5118. 7786. 
Last. Lest. XX 270. 
Last, 3 s. Lasted. 208 )8. 
Laste, 3 s. Lasted. 208 B. 2008 o. 3971. 

9234. 
Laste. Least. 4289. 
Laste. Lest. 987 B. 1062. 2025. 6290. 

6475 B. 
Late, adv. Lately. 507. 



GLOSSARY. 



929 



Late. To let. 81 9 B. 4215. 8468 /3. To late 
him crouny = to cause himself to 1)6 
crowned. 9142. pret. 3 s. 1.566)3. 
imp. 3 s. 6399. 7025. imp. 2s. Lat. 
6890. Lat nime = cause to be takeu. 2 pi. 
LateJj. 4457 B. 6890 a. 

Late. To let go, release. 263 y. 

Lawj, 3 .«. Laughed. 6829 /3. 

Lay. Lay fe = private property, not be- 
longing to the church. 6860. 9659. 

Late, Z pi. Lay. 3034. 

Lec, pi. Leeks. 6999. 

Leche. To cure. 4587 /8. 

Lechecratt. Medical skill. 2974. 3159. 

Lecheries. Lechery. 7237 a. 8365 o. 

Leches. Doctors. 7817. 10050. 

Lechore. Liker, more like. 5680 o. 
Lechoure. 5680*. 

Lechors. Lecherous. 7208. 

Lechours. Lechers. 624 a. 

Led, sb. Lead. 144. Lede. 16. 

Lede)>, imper. 2 pi. Lead ye. 6964. 

Ledy. Lady. 3280 B. 

Leef. Dear. 704 fi. 

Lef, imper. 2 s. Believe. 5356. 

Lef. Dear, 707. 2014. 

Lefde, j)re<. Believed. 810 o. 1451 a. 
Remained. 927 o. 7100 a. 7679 a. Left. 
1271a. H 260. 

Lefdi. Lady. 3280 a. pi. Lefdies. 
3275 a. 3969 a. Lefdi)es. 3879 o. 

Leffes. Leaves. 4401 e. 

Lefman. Leman, paramour. 7069 a. Lef- 
MON. 7069. pi. Lefjien. 10206. 

LiMTTE, pret. 3 pi. Remained. 927 5. 

Legeaunce. Alleviation. 1884 5. 

Legge. To lay. 4424. II 18. 

Leghje. Flame. S 12 j8. 

Leide, 3 pi. Laid. 6944. Leiden. 
6944 o. Z 22. 

Leie, 3 pi. Lay. 1145. 

Leinte. Lent. 3870. 7898. 8276. 10090. 
Leynte. 8953 B. 

Leit. Lightning. 6283 C 

Lei^e, 3 pi. Lay. 1 145 d. 3830 o. 

Lek worten. 6999 B. Lekwort. 
6999 8. The text has ' lec & worten,' 
other MS S. 'wurten or vcrtes.' 
35441. 



Lem. Light, ray. 8603. 11410. Leme. 

3 1 78 i3. pi. Lemes. 3 1 80 )8. 
Lemman. Paramour. 7069 C. 
Lende. Loins. 7732. Lenden. 7732 ;3. 
Lende, 3 s. Leaned. 6299 B. 
Lexe. To lend, give. 981. G 26. pre/. 

3 s. Lende. G 27. 
Lenede, 3 s. Leaned. 6299. 
Leng. Longer. 3262. 3263. Euere \>e 

leng }je more. 1556. 2398. 5951. Euere 

|>e leng \>c wors. 10176. 10894. Lenge. 

9551 C. 
Lenger, adv. Longer. 5055 e. Lengob. 

3262 B. 3263 B. 5055 C. Lengore. 

5055. 7967. 
Lengost. Longest. 4713. 
Lenten. Lent. 8276 5. 
Lentyn. Lent. 7898 0. 
Leof. Dear. 704 a. 
Leom. Light, ray. 3178. 3850. 4144. 

Leome. 3178 a. pi. Leomes. 3180 o. 
Leon. Lion. 1322. 6142. 9384. 
Leose. To lose. 706 o. 4066 a. 
Leoue. Dear. 698 a. 
Leouest, adv. Dearest, most. 497 o. 
Lep, pret. 3 s. Leaped. 1460 Lepe. 

1460 j8. 4268)3. Leppe. 42687. 3 pi. 

Lepe. 8170 yS. 
Lepes. Baskets. 5352. 
Lepte, 3 s. Sfpl. Leaped. 1-160 B. 8170. 
Lerk. Loss. 10813. 
Lere. To teach. 1527. 1629. 1658. 
Lere. Empty. 1800. 
Lerni. To learn. 1189. 2210. 10693. 

Lerny. 3217. 
Les. Falsehood. 3351. H 22. 
Lese. To lose. 706. 1092. 8753. pres. 

3 s. Lese^. 6253. 8817. 1 pi. 6238. 

pret. 3 s. Les. 10721. 11665. XX 122. 

Lesen. Leas, pastures. 15. Lese. 15 a. 

1005. 3887. 7701. Leese. 1005 /3. 

Leseo. 15 5. 1005 5. 3887 5. 
Lesinge. Falsehood. 2763. 
Lesnesse. Remission. 3604. 
Lesow. Pastures. 7701 5. 
Leste. Least. 3958 B. 4289 B. 
Lesyng. Falsehood. 9054 €. 
Lesynge, sb. Losing. 2108 5. 

3 N 



930 



GLOSSAEY. 



Let, 3«. Left. 7061. 9132. 
Let. Let sle = caused to be slain. 235. 
Let hit clupie = caused it to be called. 
238. Let sende. 292. Let gaderye 
out & burye. 4479. Let caste. 5558. 
Lette. 235 o. 7362 o. See Late. 
Letante. Litany. 8393. 
Lete. To let go, release. 263. 
LETE,pre<. Left. 2952. 5870. 7659. 8242. 
Lete. To let. 819. Lete arere = caused 

to be reared. 36. Lete bringe = caused 

to be brought. 463. Let walli. 1168. 

Let nyme. 6890 B. 3 j)l. Lete. 36. 

463. LeteJj. 424. imper. 3 s. Lete. 

7025 a. 2 pi. LeteK4457. 4751. 6890 j3, 
Lete. Probably an error for hete. 8965. 
Leten. To let, cause. 691 a. 4215 a. 
Le>er. Bad, evil. 579 )3. 
LeJ>er, p/. Leathers. XX 35. 
Le>eken. Leathers, slings. 8124 C. 
Lette, sh. Let, hindrance. H 46. 
Leue. Dear. 695. 704 B. 809. 2191. 
Leue. To believe. 8680. pres. 1 s. 712. 

1396. 2 s. Leuest. 7022. pret. Leu- 

EDE. 810. 1732. 2381. Leued. 1451. 

2381 j3. 8044 j3. imper. Leue. 5356 7. 
Leued, pret. 3 pi. Keraained. 927 )3. p.p. 

Left. 2335 B. 
Leuede, pret. 3 s. Left. 1271. 3 pi. 

Remained. 7655. 
Leuede,3s. Lived. 6460. 3 p/. 4810. 
Leuedi. Lady. 3280. 7808. Leuedy. 

4365. pi Leuedies. 3275. 3879. 

Lkuedyes. 3969. Vre leuedi day J>e 

late. G044. The 8th of September. See 

7843. Vr leuedy in decembre. 9080. 

The 8th of December. 
Leuere. Rather. 706. 794. 5302. pat 

•was him leuere = that was dearer or 

more preferable to him. 7852. 
Leuest. Literally, dearest ; hence as an 

adverb, most. 497. As hom leouest 

was = as they liked best. 2134. 
Leuor. a lever, crowbar. 2680 a. Leu- 

OUR. 2680. /(/. Leuours. 3103. 
Leuys. Leaves. 1288 S. 
Le\vj;d. Lewd, base, wicked. 2775 ^. 
Lewede. a layman. 9677. 



Lewed men. Laymen. 9522. Lewede- 

MEN. 9076. 
Lewj, pret. 3 s. Laughed. 3105 ^. 
Leye, 3 pi. Lay. 3038. 3830. 
LEYN,p.jp. Lien. 1711 S. 
Leyjt. Lightning. 6283 B. 
Leyjtynge. Lightning. 7763 S. 
Libbe. To live. 944. 2230. 2613. 4539. 

6812. 7823. 
LiBBEN. To live. 3699 a. 4981 C. 
LibbeJj, 3 pi. Live. 5129. 
Libel. A written docimient. 10234. 
LiccHERE. More like. 5680. 
Licii. Body. 11735. 
LicnE. Like. 6055 /3. 
LicnEROUs. Lecherous. 624 fi. 7208 )3. 
LiciiERY'E. Lechery. 7237 /3. 
LiCHYR. Liker, more like. 5680 5. 
LiCKOR. Liker, more like. 5G80 C. 

Lyckore. 5680 B. 
LiFDAWE. Life's day, life. 1234. 3151. 

6451. 6695. 
LiFDE, 3 s. Lived. H 183. 
LiFLODE. Livelihood. 6371. 6862. Means 

of living. 8331. 
Lift, adj. Left. 520 B. 
LiGE. Liege. 9376. 
LiGGE. To lie. 2204. 3169. 6353. pres. 

3 pi. Ligge)>. 159. 4594. 6355. 6892. 

pr. part. Liggende. 6966 C. Lig- 

GINGE. 6966. 
LiKi. To please. 11829. 
Lim. Limb. 1260 a. Lym. 1260 B. Lyme, 

1260/3. 
LiMEMELE. Limb by hmb. 4203. 
Limes. Limbs. 186. 6574. 
LiNNE, adj. Linen. 8962. 
LiNNENE, adj. Linen. 8962 a. 
Lite. Little, adj. 235 a. adv. 1488 y3. 
LiTEL, adj. Little. 493 a. 
Lijj. Lieth. 6672. 7789. 
LiJ>EREN. Slings. 8124. 
LiTiL, adj. Little. 493 5. 
LiUE. Life. 722. 1148. 4539. 5275. 6812. 

Lyue. XX 505. 514. 549. 
LiuEDEN, ^Jre^ 3 pi. Lived. 4810 a. 
Liuc.iiEDE. Bright red. 925. 
LiuiiE. Liver. H 77. 



GLOSSARY". 



931 



LivHE. To laugh. 30G6. 

LijE. To laugh. 306G o. 

LijK. To lie. 4663 a. 

Li)E. Flame. S 12. 

Li)T. Lightning. 6283. 

Li^TE, pret. 3 s. Lighted. 4144. 

Li^E. Easily. 582. 

Li-^TIXGE. Lightning. 29:54. 7763. 8582. 
Lining. 6282. 

LijTLiciiE. Easily. 1761. 7579. /TS'i. 

Lijtlokek. More lightly, more eaoily. 
4378. 

LijTORE. Lighter. 1030. 

LoFE. To Jje lofe = ou one side, aside. 
9026 y3. 

LoFTE. The air, sky. 168 B. 5685 a. A 6. 

LoKE. To provide, assign. 8376. To de- 
cide. 1226. 1230. To guard, look after, 
take care of. 2030. 4134. 6857. 8373. 
9992. 10081. 11943. 11957. 

LoKE. To lock. pres. 3 pi. 10189. 

LoKED, ;j.p. Eegarded. 6430 ;3. 

LoKED, p.p. Provided. 6958 /3. 

LoKEBE, pret. Zpl. Provided. 546. 11788. 
Examined, considered. 7817. Appointed. 
11940. 

Loke)?, wiper. 2 pi. Look. 7450 B. 
LoKE>E. 7450 5. 

LoKi. To watch. 2115. To consider. 
10381. 

LoKiNGE. Guarding, watching. 2206. 
Provision, precaution. 6413 a. Decision, 
award. 6885. 7409. 7413. 11530. 11533. 
11797. 11917. 11965. 11976. Lokixg. 
10419. LoKYNG. 6413B. 

LoKY. To look. 5395. To award. 9689. 
To guard. 10081 C. 

LoMB. Lamb. 1321. 5680. pi. 6447. 
LoMBE. 7609. 

Lome. Frequently. 43 a. 515. 207^. 
343 5. 12445. 2393 5. 3239. 4197 o. 
6845 a. 

LoNi). Land. 20. jre?!. Londe. 1. Lond. 
113. Loxdes. 5904. dat. Loxn (be- 
fore a vowel). 20. 183.- pi. Londes. 27. 
Lond. 228. 2416. Londe. 190. 

LoNOFOLC. People of the country. 5233. 

LoNDONNTS. Londoners. 1126 5. 



LoNuuEis. Londoners. 1126. [50 8.] 

9473. 9481. 11376. Londkeys. [50 C] 

LouNDKEis. 11380. 11778. Londrats. 

XX 220 /3. Lonures. [50 B.] 
LoNGENE. Lungs. 1177. 
Longetii. Belongeth. 132 5. Loxge|)e. 

3512 5. 
Lord. Lord ! Au exclamation. 6399 C. 

LoKDE. 6189 -y. See Lolerd. 
Lordyxg. Lordling. 1771 B. 1790 B. 

Lokdinge. 1790)3. pi. Lordyxoes. 

4033 0. 
Lore. Learning, teaching. 1603.5111. 
Lore, pret. Lost. 2 s. 8815. I pi. 4394. 

3 ;j/. 907. 1151. swfty. 3 s. 6287. p.p. 

5133 j3. 8132 a. 
LoREN. Lost. 907 B. 
LoRLYNGES. Lordliugs. 4863 C. 
Lorn, p.p. Lost. 5389. 
Los. Praise, renown. 2894. 3749. 4021. 

6767. 11498. 
LoJ>. Loathsome. XX 26. 
LoTTE, ;jre<. 3 s. Louted, bowed. 2479. 
Lou, pret. 3 s. Laughed. 3087. 3105. 

4017. 5632. 6829. 
Loud. Noise. XX 404. 
LouDE & STiLLE. A provcrbial expres- 
sion, signifying, in all conditions, in 

all circumstances. XX 352. 
LouEDAY. Day of reconciliation. XX 101. 

347. 
LouERD. 6189. 6399. = Lu)>er. See 

6399)3. 
Louerd. Lord. 125. 526. f/«/. Louerde. 

634. Louerdes, ge7i. s. 199. 633. pi. 

35. 44. 
Louerd. Lord ! An exclamation. 309. 

1827. 
LouERDixG. Lordling. 1771. 1790. pi. 

LouERDiNGES. 4033. 4863. 
Louerd les. Lordless, without husband. 

2987. 
Louie. To love. 2335. 6604. pres. 1 s. 

695. 704. I 8c 2 pi. Lolie^. 10342. 

10353. 3 pi. Louye)>. 2468 a. 
LouY^E. To love. 276 o. pres. 1 s. 6360 a. 
Lou), 3 s. Laughed. 6818 5. 
Lowe 3 s Laughed. 6818. 

3 X 2 



932 



GLOSSARY. 



LowEMEN. Low men. 7501. 
Low^E, 3 s. Laughed. 6818 ;8. 
LowTE, pret. 3 s. Bowed. 2479 /3. 
LowTEDE, 3 s. Bowed. 2479 B. Lowted. 

2479 5. 
Lo-vv). Laughed. 3115. 3087 B. 
LoT}>ER. Bad,^vieked. H 97. Sec LuJjer. 
LtrcAS. Luke's, 8227 a. 
Lucus. Luke's. 8227 B., 
Ltjd. Noise. XX 404 8. 
LuD. The month of March, called in 

Anglo-Saxon Hlyda, or Hlyd-mona'^. 

11990. Lude. 12040. KK 1. 
LuF. Dear. 2014 a. 
LuFT, adj. Left. 520. 8206. 
LuFT. Air, sky. 168. 5649. 5685. 
Luite, adv. Little. 1467 a. G 1 17. 
LuiJ>ER. "Wicked, bad, evil. 1873 a. 
- G198. Luy)>ek. 579o. HIOO. Lui- 

J>ERE. 621 a. LtJT)>RE. 3377 a. pi. 

Lui]jere. G85. 
LuME. Limb. 1242. 1260. pi. Lumes. 

3595. 
Lume, Beam, ray. 8603 a. 
Lure. Loss. 3759. 10813 C. 
LuRNi. To learn. 1189 a. 3217 a. 
LUSE. To lose. 1092 a. 1609 o. 8753 a. 

pres. 3 s. LnsEh. 6253 a. 
Lute, adj. Little. 235. 378. 6202. 
LuTEL, adj. Little. 493 B. 
Lu>ER. Bad, evil. 579 B. 621. 759. 

LuJjERE. 579 5. 
LuJjERE, adv. Badly. 9018. 
Lr)>EREN. Leathers, slings. 8124 B. 
Lu)>ERHEDE. Wickedness. 3992. 6067. 

6824. 9488. 
Lu)>ERELiCHE. Badly. 9018 «. Lu)>er- 

LICHE. 9018^. 

Lu)>ernesse. Wickedness. [28 a.] 8028 B. 

LuJjERNES. [28 e.] 
Lutle, adj. Little. 2602 a. 7507 a. 
LiiTTE, 3 s. Bowed. 2479 a. 
LuyJjernesse. Wickedness. H 162. Lut- 

)>ERNES. H 164. 
Lyche. Like. 1140/3. 
Lye. To lie. 4663. 

Lyflede. Livelihood, living. 6862 B. 
Ltfte. Air sky. 5649 B. 



Ltggen, 3 pi. Lie. 6355 j8. 
Lyiie. To laugh. 2059. 2233. 
Lyiiinge, sb. Laughing. 3070. 
Lynede, 3 s. Leaned. 6299 C. 
LyJ^e. To listen. 2474 5. 
Lytinge. Lightning. 7763 a. 
Lyued, 1 s. Believed. 810 5. 
Lyuede, pre*. 3 pi. Lived. 4810 C. 
Lyje. To laugh. 2059 a. Li)e. 2233 a. 

3066 o. 
Ly)He. To laugh. 2233 B. 3066 B. 
Lyjhyng, s6. Laughing. 3070 B. 



M. 

Macis. Maces. 11072. 

Made. Made >e ^ates = fastened the 

gates. 11189. 
Maden, 3 pi. Made. 62 B. 88 B. 
Maggenells. Mangonels, catapults. 

81245. Magn ALES. 8124 B. Magnels. 

8124. 
Magrei. Maugre, in spite of. 2090 B. 
Mahoun. Mahomet ; and generally any 

false god. 1551. See Mammet. 
Maidenhed. Virginity. 2108 B. 
Maideniiod. Virginity. 2108. 
Maignie. Attendants, retinue. 3739 a. 

Mainie. 3739. 
Maine. Force. 1134. 
Maxster. Master. 8180. 
Maistrie. Superior force. 53. 9182. 

Superiority. 2083. Advantage. 235. 

Mastery. 1147. 1330. 
Makede, 3 s. Made. C 3. 
Maken. To make. 1906 /3. Makie. 

671.2248.4074. Makye. 3229. 6370 C. 

7713. Maky. 5501. Makijb. 1485 a. 

2248 a. 4074 a. 5501 a. Maky^e. 6370 a. 

6633 a. Maki)EN. 1906 a. pres. 3 s. 

MakyeJj. 2769 a. 
Male. Maul. 4229. 
Mammet. An idol. 318. 
Man, used impersonally. 205 a. 
Mandement. Command. 4011. 
Maner. a maner gostes = a kind of 

spirits. 2750. 



GLOSSARY. 



933 



Maners. Manors. 6991. 10194. 
Mangenel. Mangonel, catapult. 11438. 

pi. Mangexeles. 8124 C. Mange- 

NELS. 11911. Manguuneles. 8124 a. 
Manhede. Manhood. 2216. 2783. 

Homage. 5197. 8716. 
Manion. Many a one. 29. 1G9. 317. 
Mani volde. Manifold. 9651. 
Manije. Many. 247 a. Man'Y)e. 450 0-, 

Manij. 7761 o. 
Mani^eox. Many a one. 317 o. 
Maxkux. Mankind. 1401 a. 
Maxliche. Manfully. 9390. 
M.A.XXE, gen. pi. Men's. 2103. 2865. 3447. 
Maxxus. Man's. 7872 5. Men's. 9307 B. 
JIaxqualm. Mortal disease. 5038 o. 

8599. G 50. xMaxqualyx. 8599 B. 

Manquelme. 5038 e. 8599 C. 
Maxquellers. Manslayers, murdercns. 

9333. 
Maxquellyxge. Mortal disease, morta- 
lity. G 50 /3. 
Maxsixge. Excommunication. 9686 

9691. 9695. 10183. Vpe raansinge = on 

pain of excommunication. 10368. 
Maxsla)T. Manslaughter. 6515. 6608. 

8125. 
Maxu.s. Man's. 2744 5. 
M.\xrAGE. Attendants, retinue. 3799 5. 
Makbkestox. Marble. 9787. 
Marc. Mark, worth 13s. Ad. 8017. 8084. 
Marcual. Mar.shal. 10081 C. 
Marchaxdise. Merchandise. 2199 B. 
Marchaxtise. Merchandise. 2199/3. 
Mare. Marrow. 9959. 
Mareschal. Marshal. 10081. 
Mari. Seinte mari day be later. 7843. 

See Seixte Mari. 
^L^riage. Marriage. 726. 
Marie. To marry. 700. Mariex. 700/3. 

Marijex. 700 a. 
Martelmasse. Martinmas, the lltli of 

November. 5018 6. 
Martix masse. 5018. 10579. Martixe- 

MASSE. 5018 a. 
Martir. To martyr, put to death as a 
martyr. 1601 o. Martri. 1601. pret. 
3 s. Martrede. 4975. 3 pi. Mak- 



Martir — cont. 

TREDE. 4857. Martred. 4857 C. Mar- 
TREDEX. 9767. ;>.;). Martxred. 90957. 
Mase. Mace. 4229 6. 
Mase. Pure mase = mere delusion. 6585. 

Compare 10236. 
Mased. Amazed, confused, deceived. 

6878 j8. 
Masse,/?/. Masses. 10815. 
Massex. Masses. 8368. 11321. 
Mastlixg. Bra.ss. 1926. 
Matred. Martyred. 4648 5. 
Matte, 3 s. Dreamed. 7073. 8629. 
Maxgre. In spite of. 2090. 
Maumet. ^ An idol. 318 a. 322. E 10. 
Mauxdemext. Command. 4746. 
Mawe. Stomach. 6363. 
Mawmed. An idol. 318 B. Mawmext. 
318 j8. 322 /3. E 10)3. -Mawmete.SIS 5. 
May', a male cousin, or near kinsman. 
H 228. See Madden's La)amon,iii. 441. 
Mayx. Force, strength. ' Mijt and 

mayn.' 218. 3584. 
Mayxgnage. Attendants. 3799. Mayx- 

AGE. 3799 B. 
Matxe. Attendants, retinue. 598 B. 2357. 
3484 5. Mayxee. 2357 5. Maix. 5855 o. 
Mayxy. 5855 C. 
Mayxtene. To keep. XX 70/3. 
Me, used as an impersonal pronoun. 5. 9. 

183. &c. Mex. 5/3. 
Me CHE. Much. 25 5. 535 5. 547 5. 
Mechedele. a great deal. 395 5. 
Med. Mead, meadow. 9517. 11244. 11255. 
11256. Mede. 9517C. p/. Mede. 15. 
3887. Meues. 10194. 
Mede. Meed, reward. 1255. 1762. 9020. 
Medeful. Meritorious. 8975. 
Meixe. Attendants. 598. 2357 a. 3164. 
3484 a. Meyxe. 2357 7. 3484 B. Mey- 
XEE. 2357 /3. 
Meixteixi. To keep. XX 70. 
Mek. Meek. 6595. 
Mekiiede. ]Meekness. 8004. 8709. 
Mel. Meal. 814. 10091. 
Melc. Milk. 7212 C. Mei.ke. 7212 B. 
Mexe. To complain, lament. 0785. 



934 



GLOSSARY. 



Menestral. Minstrel. 5509. pi. 
Menestrals. 1217 o. Menestkaus. 
1217. Menstrales. 1217 B. 
Mengd, 5 pi. Mingled. 989. Mengde. 
989 o. Menged. 989 /3. 3 s. Mekgde. 
2872. 
Menging. Mingling, mixture. 2098. 
MENGYD,/>.p. Mingled. 1121 /3. 
Menie. a body of attendants. 3484. 
Mexison. Dysentery. 11979. O. Fr. 

Menison. See Roquefort, Glossaire. 
Menne, </ew. /)/. Men's. 186. 
Mennus, (/e7i. pi. Men's. 2103 5. 3447 S. 
Menquellares. Manslayers, murderers. 

9333 B. 
Mexske. Humanity. 775 B. 
Mexstrales. Minstrels. 1217 B. 
Mextenaunce, sb. Maintenance, support. 

9823 C. 
Mente. Attendants. 598/8. 
Meok. Meek. 5815. 
Meokhede. Meekness. 8004 B. 
Mer. Mayor. 11226. 
Mercandise. Merchandise. 2199. 
Merci. In be merci be ido = be fined. 

11155. 
Mere. Mayor. 11205. 
Mergest. Merriest. 7162 S. 
Mesauenture. Misadventure. 4187 a. 
7711a. Mesauxtre. 10905. Me- 
SAUXTURE. 4187. 7711. 
Mesciiaxce. Mischance, misfortune. 
2902. Meschaunce. 5635. 7810. 
10626. Mescheaunce. 2902 a. 
Meseile. Leprous. 5565 a. (or pi. 

Lepers.) 
Meseise. Discomfort. 789 a. 794.9245. 

9367. 
Meseise, «4/. Diseased. 11985. 
Mesel. a leper. 1917. ;)/. Meselles. 
5565 6. Mesei.es. 8955.8963. My- 
SEI.E8. 8963 B. 
Mesel. Leprous. 5565/3. 
Mesetse. Diseased. 5565. 
Messager. Messenger. 5356. ;)/. Mes- 

8AGER8. 292. 365. 7524. 
Messanger. Messenger. 5356 e. pi. 
Messangers. 1057 y. 7524 y. 



Messe. Mass. 7237. 

Messixgeres. Messengers. 1057 B. 

3049 B. 
Mest, adj. Most, greatest. 139. 140. 351. 

Meste. 207. 1733. 2037. 4158. 6734. 
Mest, adv. Most. 34. 277. 546. 4135. 

Meste. 4135 a. 
Mestedel. Greatest part. 5820. 7582. 
Mete. Food. 321. 370. After mete. 3287. 
Meteles. Without food. 5036. 
Mette, 3 s. Dreamed. 7073 (marg.). 

8629 B. 
Mette, pret. 3 s. Met. 4140. 3 pi. 
2932. 5533. Metten. 2932 B. 5533 a, 
MeueJj, 3 s. Moveth. 9304. 
Meyxe. Attendants. 4147. 
Mey'Ntexe. To maintain, support. 9107 e. 
MiCHE. Much, great. 281 a. 
Mid, prep. With. 268 a. 295 B. 305. 323 a. 

adv. XX 534. 
MiDDEL. Middle. 4719. 
MiDDELERD. Middle earth. 11740. 
MiiJDER nijt. Midnight. 4140 a. 
Midemeste. Midmost. 685 a. 
Midewixter. Midwinter, Christmas. 
6092, 7157. 7722. 8441. 9509. XX 46. 
58. Midwixter day. 7549. Mide- 
wixteres day. 7549 a. Midewin- 
tereseve. XX 141. 
MiDMESTE. Midmost. 685. 
Mid ouer xon. Middle of the afternoon.' 

7302. 7487. 
MiDSOMER. Midsummer. 6150. 
Mihelemasse. Michaelmas. 7856 a. 8774 a. 
8792 a. 9065 a. XX 241. Mielmesse. 
9065. 9508. 
MiLCE. Compassion, mercy. 775 a. 920. 

1312. 3015. 5348. 6981. 7224. 7822. 
MiLDEMEX. Mild men. 7602. 
MiLDFOL. Merciful, gentle. 8966 5. 

Myldefuele. 8975 e. 
MiLFOL. Merciful. 8975 5. 
MiLSFOL. Merciful. 8966. 8975. 
Mix, before consonants : min londes, 6308 ; 
min mede, 6366 ; min frend, 6729 ; min 
breberen, 6732; min neueus, 6733 ; min 
deb, 6737. 



GLOSSARY. 



935 



Miracle, pi. Miracles. 25G9. 

Mis. Wijjoute mis = without fail or mis- 

tai<e. B 2. Wi]>oute mys. G 2G4. 
MiSB\K. Hure misbar= behaved herself 

amiss. XX 222. 
MiSBKRE. 6314 a. I'robably an error. 
MiSBiLEUE. Misbelief, infidelity. 2542. 

2568. Mv.SBiLEUE. 4701 /8. Mts- 

BYXEUE. 4701 €. 

MiSBiLEUEDE. Infidcl. 2442. 4701 a. 

MiSBILEUED. 4701. 

M1SBI51TE. Misbegotten. 987. Misbijete. 

987 a. My-sbigete. 987 B. 
MiscAS. Mishap, mischance. 10047. 
Mis ciiEnxG. ^Mischief. 7706. 
Misdede. Wrong doing. 8032. 
Mis DEST. 2 s. Injurest, wrongest. 2721 a. 

4004. 
MiSDO, p.p. Done amiss, done wrong. 

1231. 6971. 8035. 
MiSDOSTOu. Injurest thou. 2721. 
MiSDUDE, 3 s. Injured, wionged. 792. 

Zpl. 8835. 
MiSEiSE. Discomfort. 789. 
MisNiMiNGE. Malappropriation. 10465. 
MissEDE, 3 s. Said amiss. 5801. 
MissELES. Michael's. 11034. 
MissELMASSE. Michaelmas. 6044. 7514. 

7856. 7784. 8774. 8792. 
MissoMER. Midsummer. 10266. 10546. 

10881. 
MiSTE, 3 s. jMissed. 6539. 
Mis WEND, p.p. Gone astray. 7217. 
Mis wrexciie. Foul play. 1264. 
MiTE, prep. With. 1745 «. 
MiTTE, adv. With. 6575. 
MijiiAi-EMASSE. Michaelmas. 8774 5. 
MipiELMASSE. Michaelmas. 8774 e. 

8792 €. Mv^iiEi.MAssE. 8774 0. 8792 fi. 
MljTE, 3 s. Might. 387. -^if it mi)te = if 

it might be, if it were possible. 6797. 
MitTFOL. Powerful. 5058. 
Mo, at/y. More. 436. 453 a. 3421. 
MociiE. Much. 257. . 
MociiEDEL. A great deal. 395 7. 
MocHEL. Great. 547 7. 2405. 6127. 

MociiELE. 5073. MoCHiE. 547 /3. 



MociiELDEL. A great deal. 395 /3. Mo. 

CIIELDELE. [32 €.] 

Mod. Mind, temper. 1849. 3287. 7208- 

7218. 
MoDER. Mother. 227. 2736 a. 7523. Mo- 

DIR. 2736 )8. 
Mox. Man. 159 B. 388 o. 947. yeii. s. 

MoNNES. 186 B. 5998. dat. s. Moxxe. 

6285. gen. pi. Moxxe. 3447 B. 7872. 

MONNES. 9307. 
Moxakes. Monks. 10708 C. 
MoNASTERE. Monastcr)', minster. 3230 5. 
MoNE. Moan, complaint. 801. 1195 B. 
MoNE. Companion, associate. 6436. 

Companionship. 6359 C. Sec Ymoxe. 
Moxi;. Memory. 5706. 5937. 6131. 11859. 
MoxEGii. iMonk. 8928 5. 
MoxEK. Monk. 2278. 5705. 7405. 8628. 

(jen. MoxEKES. 3161. pi. Moxekes. 

8852. gen.pl. Moxekene. 11478. 
MoxENDAY. Monday. 10180. 11068. 

Monendai. 11674. 
MoNES. Monks. 10708. 
MoxeJ>. Month. 1369 B. 
MoNi. Many. 179 a. Moxie. 5295. 8750. 

9307. 
MoNioN. Many a one. 1151. 8340. Mox- 

YOT^. 4610. 
MoxTAiNES. Mountains. 8414. :Mox- 

TEYNS. 3250. 
MonJ>e. iSIonth. 1369. p/. 7342. 
MoxY VOLDE. Manifold. 7768. 
MoxY)E. Many. 271 a. Moxije. 388 a. 

MoxYE. 1531. 
MoRDEL. Greater part. 7872 7. 
More. Greater. 156. 2223. [71 B.] 8047- 

8709. 
More. Boot. 923. 5140. 59GG. 7228. 7231. 

7243. 7571. 
MoREPE. Uprooted. 10263. 
MoRhERE. Murder. 3036. MorJ)RE. 

11717 C. 11736. 
MoRJjREDE, 3 s. Murdered. 5301. 
MoRWENiXGE. Morning. 11676. 
MossEL. Morsel. 7025. 7028. 
MosTE, 3 s. Must, was obliged. 789. 

Might. 1812. 4848. 7019. 7087. 7823 

3 pi. 2852. 



936 



GLOSSARY. 



Mot. "Must. 4G1. Her mot to niaistiie = 
here there is need of skill. 3320. 6553. 
1 pi. Mote. 904. 2420. 3257. 

Mote, 1 s. May. 1261 5. 

MoTEN, 3 pi. Must. 6589. 

MOTING. Actiou, dealing. 2098 a. H 98. 

MOTYNGE. 2098 j3. MOTINGE. PP 1. 

Mou, 3 s. Might. 319 B. 

MouNS. Mountains ; especially the Alps. 

4496. 8071. MONS. 4496 o. 8071 a. 
MowE. A female cousin, niece. 6458. 
MowE,s.and/>/.May. 21. 158. 335 a. 922 a. 

4043. 6235. 6964. Mowen. 21 a. H 125. 

Mown. 922 B. 3 pi. Moave}>. 7215. 
MucHE. Great. 8023 B. 
Muchedel. Great part. 92. 395. 1441. 

[32 B.] 6040. 
Muchel. Much, great. 344. 464 a. 547. 

8023. MuCHELE. 8023 a. pil. Muchele. 

2405 a. 
Muinde. Mind, memory. 635 a. 
MuK. Meek. 1321 a. 5815 a. Muke. 

6595 a. 6868 a. 
MuKHEDE. Meekness. 8004 a. 8709 a. 
McLCE. Compassion. 775. 920 fi. G 182 j8. 
MuNDE. Mind, memory. 635. 2066. 3041. 

6464. 6681. 
MuNSTUE. Minster. 3230. 3465. 3927. 

5409. 6521. 8672. 10559. 
MuRGORE. Merrier. 3942. 5696. 
MuRGOST. Merriest. 7162. Murgust. 

7162 C. 
MiiRiE. Merry. 967. 1579. Murye. 

3884. 5685. MuRl. 2602 B. 
Murine. Merry. 967 a. 3884 a. 5685 a. 
Mur1>e. Mirth. 1156. 
MurJjre. Murder. 11717. 
Muryek. Merrier. 3942 fi. 5696 y. 
MusTRE. Minster. 5487 B. 
Myche. Much. 3623 B. 
Mydemyst. Midmost. 685 j8. 
Mydmorne. Middle of the morning. 

7487 5. 
Myklejiasse. Michaelmas. 7514 a. 
Myelmasse. Michaelmas. 6044 B. 8774 B. 

8792 B. 9065 B. 
Myhelles. Michael's. 11034 C. 



Myiielmasse. Michaelmas. 7514 B. 

7856 B. 8792 C. 9065 C. 9.508 B, 
Mylfol. Merciful. 8966 B. 8975 B. 
Myne, before a consonant. 5068. 
Myngen, 3 pi. Mingle. 989 B. 
Myngyng. Mixture. 2098 B. 
Mynystre. Minster. 5487 C. 6521 fi. 

8672 C. 
Myrgor. Merrier. 5696 C. 
Mysauntre. Misadventure. 7711 B. 
Mysdeden, 3 pi. Injured, wronged. 

8835 6. 
Mysdedist. Didst wrong, injuredst. 

4004 /3. 
Mysdo, p.p. Wronged. 792 5. 
Mysese. Discomfort. 789 ;8. 
My'SSe aventure. Misadventure. 4187 j8. 
Mysseise. Disease. 5565 S. 
Mi'SSEYSE. Discomfort. 789 5. 
Myssomer. Midsummer, 6150 C. 
My'Swende, p.p. Gone astray. 7217 B. 
Myswent, p.p. Gone astray. 7217 /8. 
Mysydo, p.p. Done amiss. 6971 B. 
My'Sywend, p.p. Gone astray. 7217 C. 
My^elmasse. Michaelmas. 7856 iS. My- 

jhelmasse. 8774 y3. 



N. 



NABBE = ne hahhe. Have not. 4080 a. 

Nadde = ne hadde. Had not. 413. 5069. 

Naddren. Adders. 1007 a. 

Nade. Had not. XX 147. 

Nam, 3 s. Took. 6525 a. 

Name, 3 s. §• pi. Took. 45/8. 420)3. 

3823 P. 
Nameliciie. Especially. 1002.2237.2359. 

5094. 7783. 
Nammo. No more. 7045. 7831. 
Nammor. No more. 4234. 5431. 5432. 

Nammore. 7823. 
Na mo. No more. 527. 
Namore. No more. 638. 2182. 
Nanmo. No more. 652. 866. 7045 B. 
Nanmore. No more. 2208. [118 B.] 
Nanne, ace. No. 2723. 9121. XX 354. 



GLOSSARY. 



937 



Nare. "Was never. 7306. 

Nare. Narrow. 3312. Nareu. 3312 o, 

Narewe. 8286 a. Narw. 3312 B. 

8286. Narwe. 8285. 8286 B. 
Nart. Art not. 1077. 2722. 6302. 
Nas = ne was. Was not. 108. 210. 255. 

378 a. 
Nastou - ne hast thou. Hast thou not. 

1344. 
Na]j = ne hath. Hath not. lOOB. 
Na}>eles. Nevertheless. 244. 438. 
NaJjemo. Never the more. 4445 B. 8077. 
Natherles. Nevertheless. 244 7. 
Naue = ne have. Have not. 6917. 
Naur. Nowhere. 1753. 
Naut. Nought. 5466 C. 
Nau)Te. Nought. 5466 a. 
Najt. Nought, not. 185. 504, To na^te 

= to nought. 9421. 
Ne. Nor. 161. Neuere ... ne. 308. Ne 

... ne. 309. 
Ne. Nigh. 455. 
Nece. Niece. 4160. 7252. 
Ned. Need. 2283 B. Nede. Necessary 

act. 6338. 
Neddren. Adders. 1007. 
Nede, ac?z;. Of necessity. 787. 1309. 2756 

(a doubtful reading). 2942. 3443. 4412. 

5904. 6680. 7351. 
NbdiJ>. Needeth. 840 /3. 
Nedres. Adders. 1007 B. 
Negative repeated. ' Ne maybe uon,' 18 ; 

' non defaute nis,' 28 ; ' ne woune it 

nojt,' 47 ; ' nas hit nojt,' 108 ; ' bote on 

nov jjer nis,' 135 ; ' ne come)> najt,' 185 ; 

' no tonge telle ne may,' 304. 
Nei. Nigh. 783. 1152. 7104. 
Nei w.vT. Nearly. 1791.8199. Neywat. 

6169. 8199 B. Nei)Wat. 437. 
Neicke. Neck. 7709. ;>/. Neicken. 

2804 a. Nekkes. 2804. 
Nel. Will not. 5055. 
Nelde. Needle. 2199. 
Nele = ne will. Will not. 727 o. 5055 a. 

Nelle. 1258 a. 
Nelt. Wilt not. 3995. 
Nemde. Named, called. 3 s. 2051. 1 jyl. 

3936. 



Neme. To take. 6890 C. 7714 C. 7851 C. 

imiper. 2«. Ne.me)>. 8899 C. 
Nemne. To name, mention. 2425. Nemi'- 

NY. 2425 a. G 150)8. pret. 3 s. Nem- 

nede, 654. 2051 o. Nejii-de. 2051 B. 

Nkmpned. 2051 5. 3 73/. Nempde. H 7. 

p.p. Nempned. H 10/3. 
Neode. Need. 834. 3292. 6907 a. Neod. 

2283. 
Ner. Never. 2710 B. 
Ner. Nearer. 870. 3526 o. 3710. 4549. 
NEK.VXD. Nearly. 437 )8. 1791 )3. 6169 /3. 

8199/3. Neraxde. 6729 j8. Nere- 

iiAND. 437 5. Nerehaxde. AA 4 &. 

Nerhaxd. 1791. 
Ni'.re = ne were, was not, were not. 601. 

785. Nere him no so = were he never 

so. 2692. 2710. 
Nert. Art not. 6302 o. 
Ner ]>e later. Nevertheless. 236 B. 
Nesciie. Softly. 8964 C. Nessce. 8964. 

Nesse. 8964 5. 
Nesselyciie. Softly. 8964 B. 
NeJ>emo. Never the more. 8077 C. 
Neue. Nephew. 1219/8. 
Neuereft. Never afterwards. 6836. 

8533. 
Neuer )?e later. Nevertheless. 236 /8 
NeuerJjemo. Never the more. 4445 S. 

8077 . 
Neceu. Nephew. 1219. Grandson. 7709. 

EE 8. Neuew. 451. ;;/. Neueus. 

6733. 
Newex. Necks. 2804. 
Nexst. Next. 5995 /8. 
Nexte. Nearest of kin. 6729. 
Neyde, pret. 3 pi. Neighed. 9417. 
Neywiiat. Nearly. AA 4. 
Ne). Nigh. 444. 
Niexe. Nine. 8546. 
Niextexe. Nineteen. 8546. An error 

for nienli. 
Niexte)>e. Nineteenth. 8699. 
NiEXTi. Ninety. 1429. 
NiEWK. New. 534. 
NiME. To take. 461. 631. 7851. Nyme. 

1979. (7«;)er. 2 s. NiM. 2862. Nime^. 

8899. Ipl NimeK 834. 2658. 



938 



GLOSSARY. 



Nis = ne is. Is not, 28. 135. 1.56. 
NtJ>E. Ninth. 5460. 8910. 8912. 
NiWE. New. 1777. 19.56. 
Ni^E. Nine. 4058 a.' 
NiiENTE}>E. Nineteenth. 8699 S. 
Ni%eJ>e. Ninth. 8910 5. 
Nl)T,p/. Nights. 1002. 3547. 7859. 
Nobeliche. Nobly. 5545 a. 
NoBLEi. Noble state or deed, nobility, 
grandeur, prowess. 800 *B. 1215 B. 
Noble Y. 3862 ^. Noblei^e. 800 a. 
NOBLEIE. 1215. 3862 a. 5023. Nob- 
lete. 805. 1073. 2818. 4394. 7534. 
7726. 
NoBLELicuE. Nobly. 892 o. 3279 a. Nob- 
LICHE. 892. 3279. 5545. 7549. Noby- 
LYCHE. 554 5 B. 
NoBLOSTE. Noblest. 701. 1492. Noblost, 

6346. 
NoLDE = ue wolde, would not. 364. 737. 
Nolle, 2pl. Will not. 4827. 
NolleK 3pl. Will not. 814. 2 pi. 4825. 

4827 a. 2 pi. Nolle)>e. 4827 S. 
NoM, 3s. Took. 221. 300. 301. 323. 
NoMBRY. To number. 1399 7. 
Nome. Took. 3 s. 273 a. 1685 5. 3 pi. 
45.2170. SpZ.NoMEN. 2170B. G239. 
p.p. Nome. 1306/3. Nome an batayle. 
5373. 5471. 8793. XX 294. See 2578. 
Nome. Name. XX 492. 
NoN. No. 156. 
Nones. Vor J'e nones = for the occasion. 

5795. See Ones. 
Nones, gen. of None. AA2. 
NoNNE. Nun. 4539. 7747. 8943. 
Nonnerie. Nunnery. 2728. Nonneri^b. 

2728 a. NoNNERYE. 7595. 
NORCERY'. Nursery. 8938 C. 
NoRiCE. Nurse. 4195. 
N0RI8CHE. To nurse. 1567 B. 
NoRisciiED, p.p. Nourished, nursed. 

1450 /3. 
NoRiscHi. To nurse. 1567 a. 3775 a. 

6453 a. 
NoRisi. To nouiisli, nurse. 6453. Norisy. 
3775. 8938. 



NoRissCHiNGE. Nursing. 8938 a. No- 

RISSINGE. 4900. 8938 S. NoRSCinNGE. 

4900 a. NoRSCHYNGE. 8938 /3. 
NoRMENS. Normans. 6701. 
NoRSSHE. To nurse. 6453 7. 
NoRSSi. To nourish, nurse. 1567. 
NoRYS. Nurse. 3775 B. 
NoRYSSEDE, 3 s. Nursed. 4901. 
NoRYSSHE. To nurse. 8938 e. 
NoT = ne wot, know not, knows not. 1360. 

5628 a. 10669. 
Note. Nut. 8336. 
Note. Nought. 10008. 
Not for J>an. Nevertheless. 726 j8. 
No )'E later. Nevertheless. 236. 
NoJ'ELES. Nevertheless. 244 B. 1497 B. 
NoJ>BMO. Never the more. 4445. 8077 u. 
No)>ER. Neither. 4561. Followed by ?i«. 

161. 6221. Followed by no. 7756/3. 

8169. Hor noj'er = neither of them. 

5639. 6255. 7497. Nor. 7222 13. 
NohERE. Nor. 7222 5. 
NouMBRE. To number. 1399 B. 
NouMBRi. To number. 1399. 
NouMBRiNGE. Numbering. 1398. 
NouR. Nowhere. 1913. 2506. 3480. 7651. 

8831. 
NousE. Noise. 6383 B. 
NouTE. Nought. 1676 a. 
Nout for )5AN. Nevertheless. 726 a. 
NouJ^E. Now. 577 a. 665 a. 2051 a. 2961. 

4195. 5687, 7450 C. 9413. Nou>. 51.f9 B. 
Nou)>ER. Neither. 7497 7. Followed by 

7ie. 77567. 
NowAR. Nowhere. 922 a. 7651a. No- 

WER. 922. 1753 B. 1913 B. NowaLVR. 

7651 C. NowiiARE. 922)8. 
NowYT. No whit, not at all. 4228 a. 
No)T. Not. 47. 108. Nought. 9226. 
No^T FOR J? AN. Nevertheless. 3315. 

No)T YOR J>AN. 592. 726 B. 4015. 

4860. 
Nude. Need. 1763 a. Nud. 2283 a. 

3053 a. 
NuLLK, 2 pi. Will not. 4825 C. 
NuMBRi. To number. 1399 a. Numbky. 

1399/3. 
NuNRYE. Nunnery. 27287. 



GLOSSARY. 



939 



NuSTE = no wustc, wist not, knew not. 

303. 307. 363. 3 jil. 932. Nusten. 

932 a. 
NuTE, 3 pi. Know not. 9409. 
NuTEJj = ne witejj, know not. 1 ;>/. 941. 

3 pi. 437 5. 
NY = ne. 308 B. 678 B. 
Nyce. Foolish. 2326. 2370. 
Nye. Nine. 3862. 4058. 8086. 
Nyex. Nine. 5413. Nyene. 5208. 
Nyente)?e. Nineteenth. 5116. 
Nylle}>, 1 pi. Will not. [3 e.] 
Nylt = ne wilt, wilt not. 284 B. 3995 3- 
NyneteoJ5E. Nineteenth. 5116 o. 
Nyntene. Nineteenth. 5116/8. 
Nynetujje. Nineteenth. 8699 a. 
Nyst = ne wist, knew not. 303 j3. 307 /3. 
Nyte>e. Nineteenth. 5116 C. 
Nywe. New. 5494. 
Nyje. Nine. 3862 a. 5413 a. 
Nyjhand. Nearly. AA 4 e. 







O. One. 96. 99. 105. A. 226 a. 230 a. 

269 a. 334/3. 
Obeysant. Obedient. 10355. 
Oblige. To bind by an obligation, to 

pledge. 280 a. Obligi. 280. 2161. 

pret. 3 s. Obleged. 6771 B. 6775 B. 

Obliged. 6775. Obligede. 6771. 

Obligide. 6775 a. OBLiscnsD. 6771 j3. 

6775)3. 
OccEAX. Ocean. 940. Occian, 940 o. 
Of. With respect to. 7106. Used with 

the price of anything ; ' of a marc,' cost- 
ing a mark. 8017. 
Op. Out of. 257. 1148. 1234. 1333. 1886. 

3446. 7741. XX 549. From. 8414. 

11176. 
Of omitted, bre ])C beste yles. 34. >re 

& twenti ssipnol men. 5363. (see 7643.) 

}>is mossel bred. 7025. an drope blod. 

7493. Muchedel cngelond. 7719. A 

paire hosen. 8013. 



Of, redundant in the following phrases. 
Of inou. 592.8018. Of ynou. 4563. 
6711. H 25. Mest of. 3068. Of ten 
xer old. 5881. Of biside. 6444. Of 
bijonde. 6227.7578.7757. 11449. 

Of. Agrise of = frightened at. 1 1 178. 

Of. oaf. 5254. 5307. 11176. Of ydo = 
put off. 6940. 

Of c.\le. A-cold. 6580. 

Of COLD. A-cold. 6580 B. Of colde. 
6580)3. 

Of COME, p.p. Overcome. 2144. 

Of DKAD. Afraid. 1263 a. 

Of eode, 3 s. Went through. 3173. 

Ofxom, pre<. 3 s. Took. 355G B. 

Ofpkyxg. Offspring. 98 1 B (an error for 

Osprt/ng). 
Of keche. To reach. 5793. 
Ofscape. To escape. 459 B. pret. Ofs- 

CAPEDE. 1196. 1294. 2676. 6116. 9495B. 

Ofscaped. 9495. p.p. Ofscaped. 4556. 

8200. 
Ofscapie. To escape. 459. 2257. 4475. 

6886. 7818. Ofskapie. 582. 
Ofschamed. Ashamed. 763 a. 
Op sende. To send for. 2607.3114. 7355. 

pret. 3 s. 6478. p.p. Ofsexd. 2249. 

3317. 
Of serue. To deserve. 5356. p.p. Of- 

SEiiUED. 2699. 3990. 
Ofsoxde, 3 pi. Sent for. XX 390 0. 
OFSoyT, p.p. Sought for. 3048. 
Ofsojte, 3 s. Besought. 8882. 
Of spkexcii. Offspring. 981 o. 
Of sprexg. Offspring. 232 a. 3433 o. 
Of ssamed. Ashamed. 7020. 
Ofstoxde. To withstand. 1300 B. 
Of STaEXG)>EDE, pret. Fortified. 2968. 
Ofswynke. To work for, earn by labour. 

944 B. 
Of take. To overtake. 2940. ;)./). 8568. 
Okte. Oft. 53. 
Oftek. More often. 5337. 
OphEXCiiEh. Kepenteth. 9406 B. Opbix- 

CiiEh. 1249 a. Orhixch. 9406. Of- 

JnxKh. 1249. 



940 



GLOSSARY. 



Of J?o^te, pret. Eepented. 244. 3348 

3409. 8032. 10017. OfJ-oujte. 759. 

OfJ>OUTE. 3348 a. 3409 a. 
Of tok, 3 s. Overtook. 1468. 
Oftoke, 3 pi. Overtook. XX 151. 
Of )eode, 3 s. Went through. 3173 a. 
Oiled, ;j.p. Anointed. 7243 ;8. 
Ok, pret. 3 s. Ached. 1557. 4242. [42 B.] 

Oke. [36 B.] 
Ok, sb. Oak. 4240. 
Olde. Loyal. 9127 C. See Holde. 
Oliue. Alive. 622. 1294 B. 1960 B. 
Omage. Homage. 1061. 2851. 7987. 
Omorwe. In the morning. 2709 B. 
On. An. 213 a. 242 a. 332 a. 1796 a. 

4587 a. 
On. One. 92. 105 B. 119. 201. 9197. 

10671. Only. 1513. 
On. In. 56 a. 61 o. 8502. 
On, in the phrases, On fisshynge. 5351 y. 

On morowe. 6268 y. 
Onbounde. Bound with or in. H 120. 

' On ' should not be printed as part of 

the word. Compare, ' ]>e stude J^at he 

was on slawe,' the place that he was 

slain in. 889. 
Onde. Hatred, jealousy. 929 B. 937. 
Onder. Under. 7311 |3. 
Onderstod, 3 s. Understood. 783. 
Ondude, 3 s. Undid. 5692 a. 
One. On. 1446 o. 
One. Delay. 2579. See Strattmann, s.v. 

Hone. 
One. Only, alone, adv. 695. 729. 2014. 

4000. 4991. 6302. 6437. 9375. 9448. 

adj. 7137. 
One. Once. 10802. 
OnekeJje. Uncouth, unknown. 6445 B. 

Onekf-P. 6758. 
On erJ^e. In earth. 6518 a. 
Ones. Once. 10802 C. 
Ones. Once. J>an ones = )je nones, the 

nonce. 5795 a. 
Ones = on is, one his. 563. 
Ones. Once. 7716 a. 
On HOND. In hand. 882 B. 1344 a. On 

honde. 882 a. 1344^8. 7098 a. XX 276. 



Oniliche. Incomparably. G 58. 
Onkede. Uncouth, unknown. 6758 C. 
Onkou>. Uncouth, strange. 6758 a. 
On kunde. Unkind, unnatural. 852 a. 
Oni.iciie. Only. 1513.4000/3. Onlich. 

[6/3.] 
On loft. Aloft, in the air. 5685 /3. 
Onlyche. Incomparably. G 58 S. 
On ltde. Alive. 4165 y. 5555 y. 6416 0. 
On morowe. In the morning. 6529 y. 
OnneJje. Scarcely, with difficulty. 3831 a. 
Onour. Honour. 8176. 9340. 
Onoured, 3 s. Honoured. 7128. Onour- 

EDE. 6454 o. 6625. 7128 a. 
Onouri. To honour. 1781 a. Onocry. 

4062. 
Onowardb. Upon. 3842 a. 
ONRiyr. Injustice. 3993 o. 
On rewe. In a row. 6707 y. 
Onswere. To answer. 2518 B. 
Onswerede, 3 s. Answered. 711 B. 
On take. To behave. 3548. 
On telye. To work for, labour upon. 

944 S. 
On war. Unawares. 2927 B. 
Ony. Any. 583 y. 969 S. 3043 /8. 6897 P. 
Onymete. Immoderately. A 15. 
Onywar. Unaware. 2927. 3261. 3264. An 

ony war — unawares. 1966. 2659. 4328. 

6535. 8162. On Oniwar. 1966 a. 2659a. 
Oo. One, a. 7169^. 
OoN. One, a. 75957. 
Op. Upon, against. 1704 B. 2167 a. 
Opard. Upward. 6579 B. 
Ope. Upon. 368. 618 a. 1704 a. 6570 a. 
Ope heded. Bareheaded. 6967. 
Openhede. Bareheaded. 6907 0. 10938 C. 

Opuniiede. 6967 y. Open hefd. 

6967 a. Open iieued. 6967 B. 10938. 

Open heuede. 6967 C. 
Opiiolde)?. Upholdeth. 2429 a. 
Op on. Upon. 266 a. 362 a. 397 a. 6538 a. 

Upon on. 2859 a. 
OPRnT. Flat on the back. 8635. Up- 
right. A 24. 
Op sturte, 3 s. Started up. H 76. 
OpuI>, imper. 2 pi. Hope ye. 9337 B. 



GLOSSARY. 



941 



Opwaud. Upward. 6579 a. 74C9 a. 747 1 a. 

7476 a. 
Op;eld, 3 s. Yielded, gave up. XX 65. 
Or. Their. 1295. 
Or. Before. 203 /3. 525 0. 952 0. 
Or. Ore. 16. 

Ordeinour. Manager, guide. 9608. 
Ordeiny. To order, set in array. 2943. 
Ordetne, 2943 B. pret. Ordeynede. 
4386. OiiDEiNEDE. 1280. 7395. 
Ordre. Religious orders. 2302. 2315. 

5720. 
Ore. Ere, before. 952 5. 4999 5. 
Ore. Grace, favour. 920. 1312. 6981. 

7822. Hence, protection. 9771. 
Oreisons. Orisons, prayers. 6912 a. 8394 o. 
Oreson. Prayer. 7196 a. Orisocx. 

7196 j8. p/. Oresons. 4846 C. 
Ore. Cattle. 142. 1004. 7764. 7765. 
Orn, 3 s. Ran. 573a. 4238. 8671. 919h 

9778. 10114. 10124. 3 pi. Orxe. 8371. 

10.504. 11078. 11561. 
Ornd, 3 s. Ran. 11228 C. 
Ors. Horse. 9411. 
Ortrewe. Suspicion. 7021 a. Ortrou. 

7021. 
Ortrowe. 7021 C. 
Ortrowede, 3 s. Suspected. 2381. Or- 

TRWEDE. 2381 a. 
OspRiNG. Offspring. 981. Ospryng. 

499 B. OssPRiNGE. 981 y. 
OsT. Host. 260. 267. 431. 
OsTAGE. luome lu ostage = taken as 

hostages. 249. 290. & ostage hira toke 

= and gave him hostages. 5376. pL 

OsTAGES. [144B.] &'te Hostage. 
Ote. To command. 6572 B. 
Otemoste. Outmost. 11433. 
0\>. Oath. 4795. 6107. 6108. 9140. His 

o\> Jiat he had er ido = his oath that he 

had formerly taken. XX 3. 7. pi. Oi>Es. 

9369. 
Ot>AM. Son in-law. 3768 o. 3787 o. 9059 S. 
0>ER, (/e7i. Other's. 3332. 
0)>ER, cojij. Or. 10. 264. 364. OJ>ER 

. . . OJjER. either . . . or. 6246. 0>er 

... OR. 402 B 
O):-!!:!:. Either. XX 355. 



OjjEK. Ech . . . oJ>er. 525. pat oJ>er = 

the second. XX 77. 297. 
0]>ER. Sorwe vpea oJ>er = one sorrow 

after another. 5032. Contreye & 

oK"r = one country after another. 6143. 

After oK'r -- one after another. 6893. 

Hous and ojjcr. 8486. Fram eude to 

ojJL-r. 11226. Court & oJ>er. 11341. 

Contreye & o)>er. G 239. lond & 

o>er. G 245. 
OjjEKE. Or. 210 5. 
0]>ERE, ;;/. Others. 19. 30. 222. 
Ojjsi. Son-in-law. 9059 a. 
OIjom. Son-in-law. 3768. 3787. 9059. 
Ou. How. H 99. 
Ou. You. 205 a. 10997. 
Ou. Oh ! 1299. 4088. 
Ou. To owe. 6369. 
OuE. Own. 200. 
OoER. J>e ouer bond = the upper hand. 

2913. 
OuERAL. Everywhere. 7695. 
OuERCOM, 3 s. Overcame. 272. 
Ouer come, 3 pi. Overcame. 49. 
Odercojien, /j.p. Overcome. 1442)8. 
Ouer non. Afternoon. 7302. 
Ouer spradde, 3 s. Overspread. 7803. 
Ouertrowed. Suspected. 2381 ;3. 
Ouertrowynge. Suspicion. 7021 5. 
OuRE. Ours. 9368. 11712. 
OUKNE, 3 pi. Ran. 800** o. 8371 B. Z 5. 
Ous. Us. 941. 1081. 6825 o. 
Out, sb. Aught, anything. 990. 1113 a. 

8060. 10427. iidv. At all. 3997. 6896. 
Out brac, 3 s. Brake out. 6567. 
OuTERLicnE. Utterly. [6 j8.] Outhciie. 

1513 B. [6 a.] OuTi.YCii. [6 B.] 
Outrage. Anything extravagant or in- 
jurious in language or act. 986. 1062. 
8900. 9633. 
OuTTURLY. Utterly. 1513 5. 
Outward. Out. 6956. 
Outiier. Or. 45077. 77127. Other. 

5738 C. 7469 C. 
Ou>. Oh! 423. 11699. 
OurTTES. Meu of importance or worth. 
G 242 j8. See Au^tes. 



942 



GLOSSAEY. 



Ow. You. 2205 B. 4829. 

OwAYE. Alas! 815 5. 

Owe. You. 10291. 

Owe. Own. 243. 374. 610. &c. 

Owe. To own, possess. 8890. 

OwENE. Own. 2468 a. 

OwEK. Your. 10310. 11710. 

OwiiEE. Anywhere. 6618/3. Owiiere. 
6618 7. 

Ows. Us. 937 B. 

Otled, 3 s. Anointed. 5329 0. p.p. 7243 7. 

0)ER. One year. 10713. 

OjT. Ought, anything. 811. Somewhat. 
1384. At all. 5798. 6438. 

0)T so)TE, 3 s. Sought out. 6614. 

OxYRT. An intensive adjective, used in 
the sense of wonderful, extraordinary. 
It appears to be the same word as " over- 
gart," and " augird " (printed anyird) 
in Alexander (ed. Stevenson), 1.772: 
" ane oste of augird many." 396G B 
(Errata). 



Paens. Pagans. 4914. 8283. 

Paie. To please. 6807. pres. 3 s. PaiJj. 

2524. pret. 3 s. Paide. 7068. p.p. 

Paied. 1842/8. 
Paiens. Pagans. 2541. 2616. 2872. 
Painime. The country of the pagans. 

8149. 8312. 8313. Paynime. 8278. 
Painimes. Pagans. 8283 5. Painyms. 

4914 S. Painems. 2541 5. 2877 S. 
Pais. Peace. 364. 5822. 6241. 7559 a. 

Pays. 1995. 
Palefrey. Palfrey. 10048. 
Paleys. Palace. 7235. 
Pal:mksoxeday. Palm Sunday ; the SuU' 

day before Easter. XX 552. 
Panegas. Pence. 1397 5. 
Paxes. Pence. 1393. 1397. 
Paneter. The ofBcer in charge of the 

pantry. 3868. 4168. Paxiter. 9034. 

Panter. 3868 B. 9034/8. Panyter. 

3868 a. 
Paxewes. Pence. 1397 a. 



Paxs. Pence. 1392. 9720 C. 

Par. By. 6972. 

Par adextdr. By chance. 7710 C. 

Parauextcre. Peradventure. 2018 o. 

2754. 4204. 7373 a. 
Parauntre. Peradventure. 7373. By 

chance. 7710. 
Parciner. Partner. 6309. 6313. 
Parkes. Persians. 4126. 
Parlemext. ParHament. 3292. 
Parties. Parts. 431. 
Partixer. Partner. 6313 a. Partyxer. 

6313 B. Partyxeue. 6313 7. 
Partite. Part, piece. EE 23. 25. 
Part YE, pi. Parts. 8112. 8244. 
Passi. To pass. 228. 
Passiox. Passion week. 11330. 
Passy. To pass. 4498. To passj' for)> — 

to go beyond, pass over. 
Patriarc. Patriarch. 9869. 9878. 
Pauilon. Pavilion. XX 328. Pauylox. 

5510. p/.PACiLONS. 1116.4156. 12005. 
Pauiment. Pavement. 9791. 
Paye. To please. 2348. 6331. 6423. 

6428.11463. Pay)E. 2348;a. pret. 3 s. 

Payde. 5512. p.p. Payde. 2511 S. 
Payene. Pagan. 2536. pi. Payexs. 

2877 a. 4528. 
Payxeme. Pagan. 2536 5. pi. Pay- 

NEMES. 8283 7. 
Payxex. Pagan. 2536 B. 
Paynes. Pagans. 2541 B. Payns. 

2541 a. 2616 B. 2877. 4914. 8283 C. 
Payxeyme. The country of the Pagans, 

Heathendom. 8312/8. 
Payxym. Pagan. 2536/3. Paxym. 2536 7. 

;j/. Payxyms. 2877/3. 4914/3. Payxy- 

MYS. 8283 B. Paynymes. 2541 /3. 
Pays. Peace. 474. 2280. 5686. 
Payje. To please. |>aue deouel to pay^e. 

T 6. 
Pece. Piece; used of persons. 4193. 

7314. 
Pecemele. Piecemeal. 524. 
Pees. Peace. 1995^3. 
Peixe. He nom gret peine of horn = he 

exacted great penalty from them. 7742. 



GLOSSARY. 



943 



PKiiiii. Pair. 8013. 8017. 

Peires panes. Peter's pence. 9720. 

Peis. Peace. 10006. 

Peni. Penny. 8336. 10135. 

Pek. Peer, equal. 255. 399. 6308. 

Perantre. Peiadventure. 2754B. Pkr- 

AUENTERE. 7373 B. Per auentdue. 
1487 o. 2018 y. PekauNTER. 1487. 

Perauntre. 2018. 4204 B. 
Percede, 3 s. Pierced. 430G. 9019. 
Perciiede, 3 s. Pierced. 9019 C. 
Percy. To pierce. 9292. 
Perischi. To perish. 6936 «. 
Perissy. To perish. 6936. 
Pers. Peers. 3909. 
Perschid, 3 s. . Pierced. 9019 fi. 
Persi. To perish. 6936 C. 
Person. Parson. 9660. pi. Persones. 

10196. 
Persshed, 3 s. Pierced. 4228 e. 
Pes. Peace. 1325. 5700. 6817. 7697. 
Pete. 6339 C. Perhaps an error for 

' Pece.' 
Petres peni. 10139. 10436. Petres 

Peny. Y 5. 
Peys. Peace. 2837. 9123. 
PiCARDES. Picts. 46 B. 956 a. 1700 ;8. 

PiCARDIS. 956 /3. PiCARDS. 1700 a. 

PiCARS. 46. 956. 1700. 
PicCHE. To pitch. 4254. 
PiCH. Pitch. 8485. 
PiCHE. To pierce. 1174. 
Pine. Pain. 5437. 6656. 7213. 8679. 

Pyne. 9083. pi. Pines. 10525. 
PiTE. Pity. 3008. 
Piteuously. Piteously. 5884 y. 
PiTOS. Piteous. 4180. Pitois. 10087. 
PiTOSLiciiE. Piteously, miserably. 5607. 

5884. 9239. Pitoslioche. 6595. PiT- 

ousELiciiE. 5884 a. GG 2. Prruos- 

Licii. 5884 5. 
Pl^T, p./j. Pitched. lllCyS. 
PiiTE, pret. Pitched. 673. 1171. 4155. 

5526. 
Plai. Plea. 9679 C. ■ 
Plaidyng. Pleading. 9711 C. Playd- 

INGE. 10163. pi Pi.aidinge. 9714. 
Plainede, ;)/-e<. Complained. 765. 



Plaininge. Complaint. 9711. 

Plawe. Play. 5906. 

Play. Plea. 9704. 

Playdinge. Pleading. 9662. 

Playne. To complain. 3576. 

Ple. Plea. 9679. 

Pleie. To play. 11197. Pleye. 11195. 

l^rct. 3 s. Pleioe. 10444. 3 p/. 

Pr.EiUE. 604. Pleyde. 5849. Pleid- 

EN. 604 o. 
Pleine. To complain. 504. 
Pleinte. Complaint. 5045. 6726. 
Plente. Plenty. 139. 
Plenteus. Plenteous. 5313. 
Plentivous. Plentiful. 531. 
Pleynde. Playing. 3965. 
Plijt, p.p. Plighted, jiledged. 7971/3. 
Plodde. Plot. 11077. 
Plou LOND,;j/. Plough lands. 7676. A 

plough land was as much land as 
could be cultivated iu a year by a single 

plough with eight horses. 
Ploustaf. a plough staff. 2198. 
Pludde. Plot. 11077 C. 
Ply-^te, 3 s. Plighted, pledged. 7346 B. 

Ply)T. 7346 C. 
PoEiR. Power. 7639. Poer. 87. 440. 

4523. 
Point. In good poiut=into good con- 
dition. 8868. 
Pol. Pool. 2773. 2781. 
Pol hax. Poleaxe. XX 25. 
Pom EL. The knob at the end of a sword 

hilt. EE 16. 
PoRAYLLE. Poor folk. 5081 e. 
PouciiAci. To acquire, get. 2353. Pou- 

ciiACY'. [94 B.] 
PoKCUAS. Winning, gain. 1738. 1742. 

2085. 7357. 7828. 11145. Bijote him a 

porchas = acquired him a property. 

10631. 
PoKCHASEDE. Acquired, procurcd. 11048. 
PoKCiiASi. To get, pureliase. 360 o 

(Errata). 
PoKciiAssi. To get, purchase. 360. 
Poke. Pure, mere. 794. 5333 B. Poi:. 

5396 B. 
Poui;. Power. 2049. 



944 



GLOSSARY. 



PoKPOS. Purpose. 2572. 

PoRS. Ports. 1169. 7888. 

PoRTEREUES. Portreeve's. 11223. 

PoRTREUEN. Portreeves. 11205. 

PoRTCS. Ports. 7888 5. 

PoRVEAXCE. Foresight. 9387. Arrange- 
ment, provision. 11007. PORUEAUNCE. 
11055. 

PoRUEYE. To provide, 6215. 3 s. 

PORUEIDE. 911. G 172. PORUEIEDE. 
1739. PORUEYDE. 6883. 3 pi PoR- 
UEIEDE. 5874. PoRUEYDE. 2154. 

5874 B. PoRUEijEDE. 2154 a. p.p. 

PORTJEID. 7473. 

PoRuiANCE. Provision. BB 12. 
PotTDRE. Dust. 7080. 
PouERAL. Poor folk. 5081 B. 5082 B. 
PouERAYX. Poor folk. 5081. Pouerail. 

5082. 
PouERE. Poor. 795)3. 6738. pi. 

PouERES. Y 3. XX 536. 
PouEREMEN. Poor men. 7705. 7711. 

8839. ge7i. Poueremenne. Poor men's. 

10995. 
PouERER. Poorer. 7617 j3. 
PouERORE. Poorer. 7617. 10473. 
PouERTE. Poverty. 795 8. 
PouHE. To puff or poke out. 6394 a. 
PouRE. Pure. 24 a. Poor. 6738 C. 
PouRER. Poorer. 7617 7. 
PouRUEANCE. Provision, arrangement. 

11064. 12015. 
PowE. To poke or puff out. 6394 B. 

PouwE. 6394 C. PoAVi. 6394 5. 

Pow^B. 6394. 
PoYSNE. To poison. 6931 S. 
Prast, adj. Prest, read}-. G 106. 
Prayden, 3 pi. Prayed. 4848 e. 
Prechi. To preach. 4734. 4768. 4816. 
VrvadFj, pret. 3 pi. Phindered. 471. 
Preie. Spoil, booty. 343. pi. Prei^es. 

343/3. 
Preisi. To praise. 1320. 
Prekyd, 3 s. Spurred. 2950 )8. 
Prelat. Prelate. 9699. 9700. pi. Prelas. 

9697. 
Preoue. To prove. 3963 a. 



Presant. Present. 9914. pi. Peesantes. 

9912 C. 
Presauns. Presents. 9912. 
Presce. Press, crowd. XX 190. 
Prest. Priest. 4640. 
Preste, ar/;. Ready. 383. Prest. 1178. 

2250. 3818. 
Prest, adv. Quickly. 5217. 
Prestles. Without priest. 11301. 
Prede. To prove. 3963 B. 5799 7. 
Preueyliche . Privily. 595 P. 
Preyde, 3 pi. Prayed. 4848 j8. 
Prikede, 3 s. Spurred. 4465. 7490 a. 

8654. 11559. 
Prikie. To spur. 9415. 11709. 
Pris. Price, worth. 281. 8466. Esteem. 

7088. 
Prise. Enterprise, act. 10742. 
Prison. Prisoner. 273. pi. Prisons. 

3016. 4323. 7836. 8727. 11465. Pri- 

souNS. 11471. Prisuns. 11909. 
Priue. Privy, secret, confidential. 600. 

2334. 3306. 8959. pi. Priues. 3329 a. 

8647. 
Priceliche. Privily. 595. 1657 B. 5105. 

7347. 
Priueman. Privy, confidential man. 

597. 
Priuete. Privity, secret doing. 597. 

In priuete — in private, secretly. 2465. 
Priueyeicii. Privily. 595 5. 
Priuite. Private affairs. 9605. 
Profes. To profess ; in the technical 

sense of professing celibacy. 8944. 
Prottore. Prouder. 9539. Prottour. 

9539 C. 
Prou. Profit. 1498. 7062. 
Proute. Proud. 333. 429. 6552. Prout. 

2045. 
Prouy. To prove. 2763. 3963. 
Prowe. Profit. 621 /3. 5783 e. 
Prude. Pride. 3393 B. 3398 B. 9898 C. 
Pruerie. Pride. 4000 5. 
Prustes. Priests. 7208. XX 149. 
Prute. Pride. 799. 863. 3135. 7508, 
Pruyd. Pride. 5783 5. 7116 5. 
Pruyde. Pride. 799 B. 



GLOSSARY. 



94^ 



Prttte. Pride. 5783 j3. 

PuiR. Pure. 184 o. 

PuiREST. Purest. 2309 o. 

Pui-TE. To put, thrust. 1610. 7713. pret. 

3 «. PuLT. 50.59. PuLTE. 5538. 8635. 

9777. 3;)/. 6716. 9420. 11067. 
PuLTiNGE. Pushing, thrusting. 4313. 
PuK, adj. Pure, perfect, bright. 24. 180 B. 

3178. Mere. 794. 1917.6411. 11361. 

adv. 182. 
Pur blind. Quite blind. 7713. 
PuRCHAS. Acquisitions, property. BB 18. 
PuKCHASY. To procure. 9685. 
PuRLicnE. Purely, clearly. 1512.3323. 
PuROST. Purest. 2308. 
PuRUATED, pret. 3 s. Provided. 4963 €. 
PcROEANCE. Provision, arrangement. 

11047. PURUEATJNCE. 11007 C. 

PcRUEiDE, p.p. Provided. 7473 j3. 
PuRUETDE, pret. 3 s. Provided. 4963. 

3 pi. 5874 /3. 
PuTTE. Pit. 2789. Grave. 11203. pi. 

PuTTES. 8465. 
PuTTYNG. Pushing, thrusting. 4313 ;3. 
PuYRE. Pure, simple. 4855. 
Pygaks. Picts. 3646 B. 
Pyte, 3 s. Pitched. 1171a 
PvTESi-YCHE, 3 .s. Piteously. 6595 B. 



Q. 



Quaky. To quake. 2807. pret. 3 s. 

Quakie)). 6896. Quakije}'. A 15. 
Qualm. Sickness. 5038. 
Quantyse. a stratagem. 445 y. 461 y. 
QuAREL. A crossbow bolt. 10090. 10110. 

pi. QUARELS. 1119. 

QuARRE. Square built. 8527. Quarry. 

8527 B. QuARE. 8527 o. 
QuaJ>. Quoth. 577 o. 1550.. 2736. 
QuAYNTiSE. A stratagem. 445 /3. 461 fi. 
QuED. Wicked. 8561. The evil one. 

6429. Queue. 6429 5. 
35441. 



QuEiNTisE. A stratagem. 445 o. Queyn 

TYSE. 445 5. 8454 C. Queyxtise. 

8454 5. QwEYNTiSE. 8454/3. 
Quelle. To kill. 227. 885. 1209. 1546. 

6000. imp. 2 pi. Quelle>. 4452. 
Quellinge, sb. Killing. 5996. 
QuEXTLYCHE. Quaintly, curiously. 594 y. 

663 7. 
QuER. Choir. 4593. 11038. Queor. 4593a. 
QuE^Eo, 3 s. Bequeathed. Y 2 /3. 
QuEYXTiLiciiE. Quaintly, curiously. 

594 3. QUEYXTELICHE. 23247. 

QuEYXTLOKEST. iVlost Cunningly. 2324 5. 
Quic. Living. 4166. 10417. Quike. 

4166 a. 5877. 6428. 
QuicLicHE. Quickly. 7455. 
QurxTE. Quaint, curious. 1555 a. 
QuiXTELiciiE. Quaintly, curiously. 

594 a. 663 a. G99. 
QuiXTiSE. A stratagem. 461 a. 
Quit, p.p. Acquitted. 6896. 
QuiTURE. Corrupt matter. 8956. 
QuoiXT. Cunning, curious, skilful. 1555. 

QuoYXTE. 1635. 1637. 2337 B. 

QuoiXTE. 2337 o. 6139. 
QuoiXTELiciiE. Quaintly, curiously, 

cunningly. 594. 1762. 3163. Quovx- 

TELICHE. 663. 2324 B. 
QuoiXTiSE. Stratagem, skill, cunning. 

445. 461. 1175. 1740. 2889. 7464. 

8454 a. QuoYXTiSE. 908. 5421. QwEX- 

TiSE. 74G4/3. 
QuOLDE, 3 j)L Killed. 6000 a. 
QuoYSTELUcosT. jMost Cunningly. 2324. 
QwEDE. Wickedness. 7333 )8. 
QwETOUK. Discharge from a wound, 

corrupt matter. 8956 /S. Quetoure. 

8956 6. 



R. 



Ivadde. Advised, counselled, prel 3 «. 
4386.5110.6882. 2 pi. 2766. 3 p/. 
1983. 2032. 2170. 

3 O 



946 



GLOSSARY. 



Radde. 3 s. Read. BB 10. 

Raketeie. Chain. 3001. Raketi^e. 

3001 o. Raketeye. 3001 B (Errata). 
Raketyne. Chain. 3001 B (Hearne). 

See Errata. 
Raked, 3 s. Reared. 5408 13. 
Ra)5E. Soon. 2251. 6329. 
RaJjer, adv. Sooner, earlier. XX 508. 
RaJ'Ere, adj. Earlier, former. 3424 a. 

5809. 
Rauascut, 3 pi. Put on vestments. 8392 S. 
Ratjissest. Plunderest. 4001. 
Raunson. Ransom. 6046. 7684. 8931. 

9521. Raunsoun. 6048. 
Baymson. Ransom. 6046 B. 6048 B. 
Rayed. Arrayed, set in array. 4386 /3. 
Rayje. Ray, a kind of fish. T 5. 
Rebbe. To rob. 6041 y. 
Rebel. Rebellious. 1625. 
Recet. Receptacle, harbour, retreat, 

refuge. 2175. 2905. 5557. 8385. 
Recetted. Retreated. Were recetted= 

had taken refuge. 4360. 4635. See 

Recet. 
Recche. To reck, heed. 4036. 
Reche, v.t. To reach, extend. 4829. 
Recheles. Reckless. 5818. 
Red. Counsel, plan. 1244 a. 1685. 2137. 

7876. 9121. Rede. 1244;3. A lijt red 

nome = adopted a foolish plan. 11198. 
Redde, 3 ;;/. Advised. 1983 7. 2032 7. 
Redde, 3 s. Read. BB 10. 
Rede. To advise, counsel. 4060. 7422. 

To read. 646 B. 6500. 
Rede. Red. 1124. 1142. 7249. 7827 
Reden. To read. 646. 
Reed. Red. 925 /8. 
Reone. Should reign. 5093 e. 
Regnede, 3 s. Reigned. 681. 5093. 
Rek. Rick. S 13. pi. Rekes. S 10. 
Rekene. To reckon. 6575^8. Rekeni. 

6575. Rekyn. 65757. 
Reles. Release. Q2. 
Relesi. To release, relax. 10297. 
Relike. Relic. 5541. 
Relyue. Relief. 827 S. 
Remeue. To remove. 5522 6. p.p. Re- 

MEUED. 5524 B. 



Remewed, p.p. Removed. 5524. 
Remue. To remove. 11016. pret.Spl. 
Remuede. 11613. p.p. Remued. 10835. 

Remuwe. To remove. 5522 a. p.p. Re- 

muwed. 5324 a. 
Remwe. To remove. 5522. 
Renable. Fluent of speech. 8572. 
Rende, pre^ 3 s. Rent, tore. 5871. 
Renne, pret. 3 s. Ran. 573 fi. 
Rennest. Runuest. 6570 ;8. 
Rennyng, o.(f/'. Running. 1796 B. Ren- 

nynge. 8288 /8. 
Repentant. Penitent. 5917. 
Repenti. To repent. 7194. 
Rerde, 3 s. Reared. 5408. 8850. 3 pi. 

5734. 
]Iere. To raise, excite. 8987. 
Rescette. Receptacle, retreat, refuge. 

2175 8. 55575. 
Rescetted, p.p. Received, sheltered, 

harboured. 4360 ^. 
Resede, 3 s. Rushed upon, violently at- 
tacked. H 55. 
Resette. Shelter, refuge. 5557 e. 
Resettyd. Received, sheltered, har- 
boured. 4360 e. 
Resoun. Reason. 4818/3. 
Reson. Reason. 4818 a. 
Rest, p.p. Rested. 3763. 
Reste, pret. Rested. 3 s. 3635. 3 p/. 

3253. 8139. 
Reu. To take pity (followed by o/) 6747. 
Reuede, 3 s. Plundered. G 48. 
Reuerye. Robbery. 3991. 4000. 
Reuestede. Put on robes. 3 5.11114. 

3 p/. 8392. Reueste. 3 s. 11114 C. 

3 pi. 8392 C. 
Redfol. Rueful, sorrowful. 245 a. 6709. 

Compassionate, pitiful. 6780. 
Reuligh, adj. Sorrowful. 5992. adv. 

Pitifully. 2690. 5802. Rewlichb. 

2690 B. Reuliciie. 2690 a. 5299. 
Reu)>e. Ruth, pity. 756. 1313. 2258. 

6450. 6451. 9228. Rew>e. 3271 B. 

6987/8. 
Reutiiful. Sad, sorrowful. 6709 5. 



GLOSS All r. 



947 



RKi-TiiruLLicir. IJuthfulIy, pitifully. 

2090 5. 
Rkvyd, 3 s. Plundored. G 48 S. 
Rewk. To rue, repent. 669. To hiivc 

compassion. 9229. 
Reave. Row, course. Bi rewe = in a row, one 

after the other. 6984 a. H 230. AA 7. 
Rewede, 3 pi. Robbed. 3,564 B. 
Rewfll. Rueful, sad. 245 /3. 
Reysons. Reasons. 4818. 
Riciieliche. Richly. 7725. 10095. 
RiCiiEMENNE, gen. p/. Rich men's. 8839 . 
Richesse. Riches. 409. 5823. 9556. 
RiCHORE. Richer. G 58. 
RicnosTE. Richest. 10977. 
RiDENDE, pr. ;j. Riding. 7734 a. Ry. 

DENDE. 7734 C. 
RiKENi. To reckon. 6575 a. 
RiuE, adj. Rife, numerous. 87. adv. 

5039. 8507. 
RiUELEDE. Wrinkled. G 189. 
RiuoKE, adv. More numerously. 5219. 
RiXLEDE, 3 s. Reigned. H 207. 
Ri)T, adv. Forthwith. 7972. Exactly. 

8910. 
RiXTUOL. Just. 1606. 1613. 10306. 
Ri^TUOLLiCHE. Justly. 1872. 
Ri^TuoLOKE. More just. 5391. 
RoBREOus. Robbers. 7214. 9333. 
RonnEOUii. Robber. 8006. 
RoBi$EiU)E. Robbery. XX 352. Ron- 

BEUTE. 7833. 
RoBBi. To rob. 10257. 0041 C. 
RoBBOUK. Robber. 8006 y3. 
RoBBOUES. Robbers. 7214 C. 
RoBBY. To rob. 2135. .5214. 6041 B. 

7392. prct. 3 pi. UoBBKDE. 381 a. 
RoBEi.iN. A diminutive of Robert. 8530. 

8808. 
RoBEOUKS. Robbers. 2091. 
RoBOUKE. Robber. 8006 5. 
Roche. Rock. 522. ;>/. Roches. 525. 

1296. 3312. 4165. 
Rocni. Rocky. 2499. 
Rod, 3 s. Rode. 5869. 
Rode. Rood, cross, crucifix. 1419. 1523. 

6594. 7529. 8632. 10973. Holi rode 

day,' 1932. The 3rd of May, 



Ror. Roof. 8588. E 7. 

RoKKY. To rock. 2179. Rokkk. 2719 B. 

Romance, p/. Romances. 9987. 

RoMEiNS. Romans. 1145. 4028. 

Ron, 3 s. Ran. G 1. 

RoxG, 3 s. Rang. 11215. 

RoNNE, 2Jrct. 3 1)1. Ran. 800.** 

RoONE, 3 s. Ran. G 1 j8. 

Rop. Roi'E. 9212. 

RoTEDE, 3 p/. Rotted. 8500. 

RoTEX. Roots. 8338. Rotexe. 8338 a. 

RoTEKS. Mercenary soldiers. 6032 B. 

Rotors. 6032 o. Rotours. 6032 C. 

See Ducange, s.v. liiitarii or Itotarii. 
RoTE.s. Bands of mercenaries. 6032 

See Du Cange, s.v. liuta, Iiutfa = Ui\t- 

tariorum cohors. 
Rotes. Roots. 8338$. 
Ro>EREN. Cattle. 1209 B. Rothern. 

1209 5. 
RoDAiE, adv. Wide. 6185. 
Route. To assemble, make a stand 

against. 922 B. 1740 /3. 
Route. Crowd, multitude. 391. 446. 121S. 

1737. 7395. 7702. 
Route, 3 s. Recked, cared for. 4419 o. II 99. 
Routhe. Ruth, pity. 2258 y. 5006 5. 

0987 S. 
Rou^TE, 3 s. Recked, cared for. 4419 c. 

Rou)T. 4419 $. RowGHT. ir 99 5. 
RoAVE, adv. Rough. 590. 10448. 
RoAATE. To escape. 7651 ;8. 
Ro)TE, prcl. 3 s. Recked, cared. 4419. 

6445. 8026. 
RuFF^UJD. 8573 6. Perhaps for Boffand. 

The Cotton IMS. has Boffinde. 
Rug. Back. 69S5. 9026. Rugge. 7440. 

9959. RuGii. 9020 a. 10795. pl.'Rva- 

GES. 9438. 
RuMEDE, 3 pi. !Made room, cleared the 

Avay. 11073. 
RujJEREN. Cattle. 1209. 
Raalte. Royalty. 7724 5. 
Rygge. Back. 9020 C. 10795 C. 
Ryue. To arrive, land. 314 B. pret. 

Ryul.de. 479 B. p.p. Ryuen. 302 B. 
Ryue. Rife, numerous. 5219 S. 

3 O 2 



948 



GLOSSARY. 



Ryuere. More numerously. 5219 8. 
Rywe. To pity. 3271. 

s. 

Sacred. Consecrated, pret. 3 s. 9147. 

Sacrede. 9147 B. 10149. p.jo. Sacred. 

67G2 0. Sacrede. 67C2 y. 
Sacren, 3 pi. Consecrate. 7209 S. 
Sacre)?, 3 pi. Consecrate. 7209 C. 
Sacrie)5, 3 pi. Consecrate. 7209. 
Sacringe. Consecration. 2318. 6818. 

9154. Sacring. 5895. 
Sxi, pret. 3 s. Saw. 422 a. 6179 C. Saie. 

8615 j3. 
Sailede, 3 «. Assailed. 382 B. 
Saiseden, 3 pi. Seized, took possession. 

492 a. 
Salt, p.p. Salted. XX 35 0. 
Samdede. Half dead. 3414. 3415. 

Samded. 3416. 
Samdel. Somewhat. 7487 B. 
Same. Together. 3532 ^8. 
Samfatle. Without fail. 8360 B. Sam- 

FATLLE. W 2 e. 

San faile. Without fail. W2. A A 4. 

Sansj faile. W 2 j8. 
Saracens. Heathen. 4522. 4692. Sa- 

RASiNS. 4692 o. Sarasonnes.4522 e. 

4692 6. 4522 6. 
Saracenys. Saracens. 8135 C. Sara- 

ciNS. 8135o. Sarasons. 8135B. Sa- 

RAZiNS. 8135. Sarezyns. 8135/3. Sa- 

REZEYNS. 8135 7. 

Saternijt. Saturday night. 11650. 
Saue. Safe. 6895 C. 
Saceliche. Safely. [2 a. ] 
Sadelye. Safely. [2 S] 
Sauery. Savoury. [115 B.] 
Sauf. Safe. 6895. 8041. 8043. 
Sauf CONdut. Safe conduct. 10226. 
Sauflyciie. Safely. [2 B.] Sauflycii. 

[2C.] 
Saui. To save. 1401. 2174. 3600. 9231. 

Satjy. 2611. 3602. 
Saun faile. Without fail. 8360. San 

FAILLE. 8360 C. San faile. 8360 a. 

Saunfayle. 83607. Sawmfaile. 83G0y8. 



Saut. Assault. 11869. 

Sauter. Psalter. C 5. 

Sal'trije. Psaltery. H 245. 

Sauue. To save. 1242. 

Sauui. To save. 1260. 

Saw), 3 s. Saw. 253 P. 376 $. 

Saxes. Knives. 2658 B. 

Saxoyns. Saxons. 2540. Saxoynes. 

3377. 
Say. Silk. 8013. 
Say, 3 s. & pi. Saw. 253 B. 275 B. 376 B. 

8143. 8615. 
Saye, 3 s. Saw. 1193 5. 5697 5. 
Saylede, 3 s. Danced. 5633. 
Say.si. To cause to possess, endow. 8991. 
Scape. To escape. 5473 «. Scapede, 

jyret.Ss. 1594. 
Scars. Scarce. 6862. 
Scarselicue. Scarcel3^ 10614. 
ScAUBERC. Scabbard. 5538. 
ScAunERT. Scabbard. 5538 5. 
ScEK. Marauding, plundering. 5131 a. 

Src Du Cange, s.v. Scacli or Scachum. 

5131 a. 
SciiADDE, 3 s. Shed. 7493 C. 3 pi. 

2934 8. SiiADDE. 2934 7. 
SciiAKEN. To shake. 586 o. 
ScHAP. Shape. 6942 )3. Schappe. 6942 5. 
SciiARRES. Shares. 689 C. 6944 C. 

6946 C. 

SCHART FORT. (?) II 20. 

ScnEDDE, 3 s. Shed. 7493 a. 

ScHEET, 3 s. Shot. 243 7. 

SciiELD, sh. Shield. 6317 a. Sciielde. 

6317 )3. 
ScHELLE, 3 pi. Shall. 7205 a. 
ScHENCiiE. To pour out. 2526 B. For 

\>Q wyn schenche = for the pouring out 

of wine. H216. 
ScHENDE. To injure. G 162. p.p. 

SCHENDE. 848 5. 

ScHENDFOLLiciiE. DisgraccfulIy. 6343 a. 

SCIIENDFDI.LYCII. 6343 C. SCHENFUL- 

LiCHE. 6343 18. ScHENFULLicir. 6343 5. 
ScHENDSCHEPE. Disgracc. 7030 5. 
ScnENT, pret. 3 pi. Injured. 848 fi. 
p.p. XX 14 )3. 



GLOSSARY. 



949 



ScHEOTERES. Shootei's. 7482 a. 
ScHEREWAKDE. A villain. 5441 ;8. 
ScHET, 3 s. Shot. 7455 C. XX 526. 

SCHETTE. 7455 5. 

SciiETE. To shoot. 7217 a. 7735 /3. 
SCHETE, 3 pi. Shot. 320 B. 5305 C. 
ScuETEN. To shoot. 242 a. 
ScuETERS. Shooters. 7482 j8. Scueteres. 

7482 5. 
SciiETON. To shoot. 8127 C. 
ScHETORS. Shooters. 7482 C. 
ScHiLDE. To defend, forbid. imper. 3 s. 

1347/3. 
ScHiELiGES. Shillings. 8014 a. 
SciiiLLiNGES. Shillings. XX 546. 
ScHiPREONE. Ship's run or course. 341 a. 
SciiiREN. Shires. 62 B. 74 a. 1390 B. 

SciUREN'E. 1390 a. 
ScnoFE, 3 s. Shoved, pushed. 3103 5. 
ScHOLDE. Should. 308 a. 
ScHOLDE, 3 pi. Shield, defend. 7195 a. 
ScHOLDRE. Shoulder. 8268 C. pi. ScnoL- 

DREN. 7732 o. 
SciioLLEN, 3 pi. Shall. 724 a. 
ScHONDE. To injure. G 118. 
ScHONDE. Injury, mischief, disgrace. 

372 a. 1493 5. 8409 a. G IIG. II 186. 
SciiosT. Shouldest. 8974 a. 
ScuoTEN, 3 pi. Shot. 320 a. 
ScaouELE. Shovel. 2197 B. 
ShouueJ'. Shoveth. A 14. 
ScHOWTNGE, sb. Shoviug, pushing. 

4313/8. 5130 j8. 
SciiREUE, 3 pi. Confessed. 7419 C. 
ScHREUE, p.p. Shriven. 6620 ;8. 
ScHREWARD. A villain. 5441 a. 
ScHREWD. Wicked. 6718 5. 
ScHREWDHED. Wickedncss. 7332 6. 

SCHREWDEIIEED. 5676 6. 

SciiKEWDNESSE. Wickcdness. 3420 5. 

5676 5. 
SciiREWED. Bad, mischievous. 1875 5. 
ScHREWEDE. Wicked. 3420 B. 6718 C. 

Wickedness. 3420 a. 5676 a. 
ScHREWEDHEDE. Wickedncss. 5676 y. 
SCHREWEDNES. AVickedncss. 6645 /3. 

SCHREWEDNESSE. 6645 5. 



SciiRE-^VEHEDE. Wickedness. 5676 )3. 

6645 a. 
ScHREWEHEDE. Wickcd. 6718 a. 
ScHREWENE, pi. Wicked men. 8419 a. 

ScHREWES. 8415)3. 8419 |3. 
ScuRiUEN, 5 pi. Confessed. 7419 a. 
ScHR^TE, 3 s. Shrieked. G 181. 
SciiROF, 3 />/. Confessed. 7419 5. 
ScHRUDE, 3 s. Clothed. H 124 5. 
SciiRYUEN, p.p. Confessed. 8370 /3. 
ScHUL. Shall. 1 pi 56 B. 3 pi. 124 5. 
Scif UL, 3 s. Should. 308 /S. 
ScHULD, sb. Shield. 6317 C. 9014 C. 
SciiULDE. To defend, forbid, imper. 3 s. 

1347 a. pres. subj. 3 pi. 7195 C. 
SciiuLDERS. Shoulders. 7449 /3. Schul 

URES. 7732/3. 8267 ;3. SciiULOREN. 

8267 5. 
SciiULLE. Shall. l;j/. 56 a. 3;;/. 724B. 

ScuuLLEX. 55 $. 724 /8. SciiulleJ5, 55 B. 
ScHUTE. To shoot. 7735 a. 
SciiuTEN. To shoot. 8127 a. 
SciiuciNGE, sb. Shoving, pushing. 4313 o. 
SciPES. Ships. 1464. 
SciCERiNGE. 6958 a. See Skerixge. 
ScLAXDRE. Slander. 6851. Sclauxdre. 

6928. 7287. pi. Sclauxdres. 8555. 
ScoLKiNGE. Skulking. 5130. 
Scolle. Scull. 374. 4227. 8267. 8268. 
Scot. Payment, tribute. 6001. 
ScouPLE. 4578. The other MSS. have 

' stouple.' 
ScRiKEDE, 3 s. Shrieked. G 181 ^. 
ScRiT. Writing. 7682. 
ScuREDE. Scoured. 390 o. The text has 

stured. 
ScYSTEit. Sistc. 3575 B (_Errata). 
Se, sb. See. 1671. 
Sechk. To seek. 529. 940. 6348. 11361. 

Seohen. 940 a. Seche)>e. 1325 5. 
Secre. The prayer recited in a low tone 

by the priest during the celebration of 

the Mass. 12044. 
Sec}>. Seeketh. 1325. 
Secuxde. Second. 5724. 
Sed. Seed. 9638. 
Sevk, pret. 3 s. Said. 576. 921. Told 

1044. 6885. 7206. 8612. 



950 



GLOSSARY, 



Sege, s6. See. 2813. 4762. Siege. 11977. 
Segge. To say. 399. 602. 3046. 3747 B. 

8.541. 3 j>/. SeggeK 2469. imp er. 2 pi. 

2768. 
Sei, pret. 3 s. Saw. 422. 793 B. 1309. 

1445. Seie, 2 pi 6829 C. 3 pi 376. 
Seiden, 3 pi Said. 1886 B. 
Seie, imper. 2 s. Say. 576. 
Seignokie. Lordship, command. 4354. 

Seignori^e. X^ 355. 
Seiles. Sails. 1096. 2828. 7383. 
Sein barnabes day. 9818. The 11th of 

June. 
Sein bartelmeus tid. 1 1938. Sein 

BARTELMEWES TID. 10466. The 24th 

of August. 
Sein camxtes day. 7514. The 14th of 

Octoher. 
Sein dunstones day. 10592. The 19th 

of May. 
Sein GREGORiES day. 10856. 12042. The 

12th of March. 
Sein Tones day. 7168. The 27th of 

December. 
Sein kenelmes eue. 11629. The 16th 

of July. 
Sein leonardes eue. 9930. The 5th of 

November. 
Sein lug. 7514. The 18th of October. 
Sein eukes day. 8227. 8583. 10552. 

Sein lukes eue. 8584. 
Si:iN Martines day. 8734. The 11th of 

November. 
Sein Micheles day. 10228. The 29th 

of September. 
Sein Misseles dai. 11034. The 6th of 

December. 
Sein NICHOLAS TID. 10471. Sein Nicolas 

day. 7577. The 6th of December. 
Sein philippes day and Seint Jacob. 

8982. 8983. The 1st of May. 
Sein simondes day (or tid) &. sein 

luDE. 10561. 11801. The 28th of Oc- 
tober. 
Sein Switiiines day. 10482. The 2nd 

of July. Sein switiiines eue. 10824, 

(=of luu }>o verste day). We should 

here read /«/ for Itai. 



Seint Ambrose day. 11334. The 4th of 

April. 
Seint andrewes day. 8434. Seint an- 
• drewes feste. 11812. The 30th of 

November. 
Seint andrewes tide'. 6343. 6484. 
Seint austines day. 5614. The 26th of 

May. 
Seint botulfes tid. 10877. The 17th 

of June. 
Seinte bryce day. 5976. The 12th of 

November. 
Seint edward, pE feste of. 11786. 

The 5th of January. 
Seint grkgories day. 6123. The 12th 

of March. 
Seint iullaries day. 9562. Seint hil 

LARITID. 11456. The 13th of January. 
Seint ion, )je feste of. 6150. The 24th 

of June. 
Seint marcus day. XX 560. The 25th 

of April. 
Seinte margarete tid. 11408. Seinte 

MARGRETE DAY. 10459. The 20th of 

July. 
Seinte mari eue. 10180. The 24th of 

March. 
Seinte marie day- in iieruest. 10692- 

The 1 5th of August. Seinte marie day 

in leinte. 10090. Seinte marie tid 

IN LEINTE. 10952. The 25th of March. 

Seinte mari day I^e later. 7843. The 

8th of September. 
Seinte peteres eue. 8423. The 28th 

of June. 
Seinte STEPiiENES DAY. XX 21. Seinte 

STEUENES DAY^ 9145. Seinte steuenes 

Ni)T. 10946. The 26th of December. 
Seisi. To endow, give possession of. 

8991a. Seise. 8991 j8. 
Seisine. Possession. 6431. 7851. 
Seist, 2 s. Sayest. 6368. Seest. 3351 0. 
Seiste. Sayest. 8972 C. 10792, Seyste. 

8972 B. 
Seistou. Sayest thou. 8972. 
Seije, 3 s. 8749 a. Saw. 2 pL 6829 a. 

3 2^1 4216 o. 



GLOSSAEY. 



951 



Skrerere. More securely. [19 /3.] 

Seknesse. Sickness, 776G. 

Selde. Seldom. 1002. 11412. 

Selfe. Same. 5 /8. 

Sell Silly. 781. 2528. Innocent. 6446. 

6452. Selt. Poor. 7610. Seli-^e. 2528 a. 
Selliche. Strange, marvellous. H 53. 
Selue. Same. 5 B. 
Seluer. Silver. 16. 285. 1354. 7779 B. 

Seluere. 1354 a. 
Semblant. Shew, appearance. 2741. 

3285. 3985. 7167. 
Semble. His semble = together with him. 

2655. Compare iiis ifere. 
Semltest. Most seemly or comely. 



Sen. To see. 12. 

Send, 3 s. Sendeth. 1070. 1248 B. 
Sende. Sent. 261. 303. 314. 363. 7526. 
Sende. 11094. Probably an error for 

Tenbe, the reading of C. Matzner, 

Worterbuch, s.v. Bretasce, conjectures 

ssende. 
SendiJj, imper. 2 pi. Send ye. 839. 
Sexduollicii. Disgracefull3\ 6343. 
Senete>e. Seventieth. 5730 C. 
Senewen. Sinews. H 77. Senoaves. 

H 77 5. 
Sent, 3 s. Sendeth. 1248. 
Seo. To see. 7451 a. 
Serians. Sergeants. 3330. 8833. 
Seuiantus. Sergeants. 3330 5. 
Seruage. Servitude, slavery. 257. 263. 

298. 1079. Service. 1059. 
Serui. To serve. 771. 1648. 3953. 6248. 
Sestnge. Seisin, possession. 7851 /8. 
Set, 3 s. Sat. 1335 B. 
Sete. Sat. 3 4060. Z pi. 1215.2777. 

5830. 8960. 
Se)5, 1 pi. See. 859. 6236. 2 pil. 2436. 
SeJ>e. To seethe, boil. 8339. 
SeMje. Afterwards. 40 B. 46 B. 88 a. 

Seth. 40 5. 46 5. 
Sette, 3 s. Sat. 1335 5. Set. 10685. 
SetteJj, imper. 2 pi. Set ye. 9375. 
Seu, 3 s. Sowed. 9638. 
Seue. Seventh. 198 B. 2577 B. 
Seve. Seven. 88. Seue. 191. 1373.4808. 



Setjeni^t. Seven nights, a week. 3303. 
SeuenteJje. Seventieth. 5730 a. 
SeuentiJje. Seventieth. 5730. 
SeueJje. Seventh. 198. 2577. 7670. 
SeueJjb & TDEXTi. Seven & twentieth. 

9068. 
Sewe. To follow. 2941 (3. 
Seave, /jre<. 3 /)/. Sowed. 492. 
Sewede, 3 s. Sighed. 6966 /8. 
Sewede. Pursued, followed. 3 s. 990 o. 

3 pi. 460 y. 
Seaveden, 3 pi. Pursued. 460 ^3. 
Sewen. To follow, attend. 757 j3. 
Se -wolf. Sea wolf. 2812. 
Sewtd, 3 s. Followed. 4279 S. 
Sex. a knife or short sword. H 68. p>. 

Sexes. 2658 a. 3035. G 40. 
Sexti. Sixty. 233 /3. 
Set, 3 s. Saw. 275. 1900. 4141. Seye. 

422 |8. 3 pi. Seye. 3831. 4216. 
Seyn, 3 pi. Say. 2469 j8. Seyne. 2469 5. 
Seynoriti;. Lordship, dominion. 3594. 
Seyseden Zpi. Seized, took possession. 

492/3. 
Seyte. To reconcile, bring to peace. 

11008. A.S. sehtian. 
Seyje, 3 s. Saw. 258 5. 422 5. 6179 a. 
SiiETTE, 3 s. Shot. 8652 e. 
Shore, 3 s. Cut. XX 25 e. 
Shost. Shouldest. 8974 B. 
SiiowEJ). Shoved. A 14 13. 
Showynge, s6. Shoving. 5130 7. 
Shullen. Shall. 55 7. 
SiBBE. Near of kin. 6729 a. 7086. 9551. 
SiDREDE. Kinship, nearness of kin. 

10108. 
Side. Long and sweeping. 2513. 
SiGGE. To say. 3747. 
Sighginde. Sighing. 6966 a. 
Si haut si bas. 9499. 
Sini. Sight, vision. 7240 C. 
SiKE. To sigh. G 223 j8. 
SiKER. To secure. 3155 B. 
SiKER, adj. Sure. 1268. 1856. 4104. 7353. 

adv. Certainly, surely. 1264. 3838, 
SiKERi. To secure, protect. 11323. 
SiKERNESSE. Security. 2161. 3010. 3819. 

6241. 8772. 9990. Sykernesse. 3698. 



952 



GLOSSARY. 



SiKERORE. More sure. 1690. 6488. 6789. 

SiKERT. To secure. 3155. 

SiKi. To seek. To siki pais. 7559 a. 

Probably a corrupt reading. See Fiki. 
SiKiNGE, pr. p. Sighing. 6598. 
SiKiR. To secure. 3155 /3 
SiKSTOU. )Seest thou. 3351. 
SiLUE. Self. 556. Same. 702 a. 
SiMPLELiCHE. Simply. 2663. 
SiNGNEFiE. To signify. 3233. 
Sink pors. Cinque Ports. 10614. 
SiNUOL. Sinful. 3602. 
Sistren. Sisters. 7560 5. 
SiJjE. Times. 7722. 
SijJE. Afterwards. 137/3. 
SiTHEN. Afterwards. 46 j8. 88 )3, 
SlUTE. Suite. 836 a. 3743 a. 
SiWE. To sue. 1232 B. To follow. 8169. 

3 s. Si-VVEDE. 990. 1460. Z 14. 3 pi. 

460. SiwEDE OPE. Followed after. 1448. 

2 pi. SnvE)>, imper. 8176. 
Siwi. To follow. 1232. 8169 a. 
SiwiNGE. Execution, carrying out of 

orders, 10320. 
SiwTE. Suite. 836. 
SiXT. Seest. 3351 B. 
SiXTE. Sixth. 5018. 
SiXTENE. Sixteenth. 5244 f. 
SiXTEpB. Sixteenth. 5244. 5308. 6124. 

In the second instance we should read 

SIXTE. 

SiXTOU. Seest thou. 3352. 

Si)E, 3 s. Saw. 1042/8. 

Si)T. Site. 147. 

Si^TE. Vision. 7240. 7283. 

SijTE, 3 s. Sighed. 4186. 

Skec. 5131 B. Skek. 5131. Skekke. 

5131 5. See Scek. 
Skere. To exculpate. 6871. 6879. 6881. 

Sker. 6879 C. 3 s. Skei;>. 6880. 

SKEREh 6880 C. 
Skeri. To purge, exculpate. 687 1 a. 6884. 

subj. pres. 3 s. Skery. 6880 B. 
Skeringe. Exculpation. 6885. 
Skynnes = Kynnes. 7690 ;8. 
Slaut. Slaughter. 1286 o. 
Slawe, p.p. Slain. 450 B. 889. 
Slaye, pp. Slain. XX 478. 



Slajt. Slaughter. 251. 1286. 2056. 3493- 

7782. 
Sle. To slay. 235. 429. 6375. pres. 

3pl. SlexJj. 2229. 
Slei^J>e. Sleight, cunning. XX 61 y3. 
Slepe, pret. 3 s. Slept. 2780. 4343. 

[.34/3] Slep. 3171. [34a.] G35. 
Slepe. Asleep. 3267. 8629 a. 
Slepe, on. Asleep. 327 B. 8629 /8. 
Sle)>, imper. 2 pi. Slay. 4855. 
SleuJ^e. Sloth. 4021. 4372. 7508. 
Sley. Sly, dexterous (uot in a bad sense). 

7187. 
Sley^:, p.p. Slain. XX 478. 
Slitten. Cut. XX 148. 
Slong, 3 s. Slung. 11077. 
Slonge, 3p/. Slung. 7474. 
Slou, 3 s. Slew. 271. 458. 7712. Slouj. 

550/3. 913 i3. Slow. 452. Slowe. 

7712a. Slow). 1466B. Slo). 550 B. 

913 B. 3p/. Slowe. 320. 344. 381. 

Slowen, 458 a. 1967. Sloue. 3629. 

Si.owjE. 5215. 
Slytte, 3s. Cut. XX 148 ;3. Slitte. 

XX 148 5. Slytted. XX 148 e. 
Smale. Small. 375 5. 5394. 
Smerte, 3p/. Smarted. 6580 a. 
Smete, 3s. & pi. Smote. 4722 C. 

5758 C. 6176. C. 9837 C. 
SiiEl^E. Smooth. 8781. 
Smille. To smell. XX 23. 
Smit, pret. 3 s. Smote. 5758. Smite. 

5758 a. Smyte. 5758 B. 3pZ. Smite, 

269. 384. 887. 3640. p.p. Smite. 

7246/8. 
Smite, sb. Smiting. 9013. 
Smiten, 3 pi. Smote. 434 a. 887 a. 

11732. 
SmiteJ), imper. 2-pl. Smite ye. 9781. 
Smitte, 3p/. Smote. 384 a. 
Smoute, 3p/. Smarted. 6580. 
Smot, pre<. 3 s. Smote. 374 B. 398. 402. 

574 a. 3634. 5622. 7255. 
Smotkn, 3p/. Smote. 1120 5. Smotyn. 

1120^. 
Smourte, 3p/. Smarted. 6580 B. 
Smul, sb. Smell. 1009. XX 26. 
Smulle. To .smell. XX 23 5. 



GLOSSARY. 



953 



Smtten, 3 pi. Smote. 269 5. 384 B. 
Smyton, 3 pi. Smote. 269 B. 434 B. 
Smytte, 3 s. Smote. 5758 5. 
Smytten, 3p/. Smote. 434 5. 618 5, 
Smytyn, sb. Smiting. 9013 B. 
Snywedb, p.p.. Snowed. XX 248. 
So. As. 137 a. 290 o. So >ikke so = as 

thick a^. 5369. So suart so = as black 

as. 10049. So quic so = as quick as. 

11281. So white so = as white as. 

EE13. 
So iu'wuche so.' 771. A so nyce man. 

2370. An so foule J>ingje. 4248. A so 

vildede. 8015. 
SocouRT. To succour. 8233. Socuuy. 

8233 C. SocouKE. 8233 y. Socori. 

11487. 
SoDE, 3p/. Sod, boiled. £447. So den. 

8447 a. 
SoFEREDE,pref. Suffered. 1345.3694. 
SOFFRI. To suffer. 1889. 4198 a. 6180. 

SOFFKY. [65 B.] 
SoFKEDE, 2, pi. Suffered. 7281. 
SoFRY. To suffer. 4198. 
SoGETS. Subjects. XX 18. 
SoiORNi. To sojourn. 9610. 
SoL.\ci. To solace. 11511. 
Solas. Solace, recreation. 370. 9113 

11194. 
SoJi. Somewhat. 98. Scropssire sum = 

part of Shropshire. 
SoMDEL. Somewhat. 175. 396. 521. 
Some. W his eitetul>e some = himself 
■with others, eighteen in all, G 158. See 
the legend of St. Juliana, ed. Cockayne, 
p. 79. Chaucer, Troilus and Cressida, 
II. 1249. 
Some, peculiar uses of. 3415. 7204. 8171. 
Some, not followed by 'of.' Some H 

raessagers. 2718. 
Some. At peace, friendly, 52 a. 
SoMENEDE,pre<. Summoned. 3764a. G137. 
SoMENY. To summon. 3764. 7739 C. 

SOMENI. 10379. 11151. 11960. 
SoMEK. Summer. 1365. 
SoMONEDE, pret. Summoned. 3764^. 

7739 J3. 
SoMONV. To summon. 7739. 



SoMW.\NNE. At some time. 5212. 
SoMWAT. Somewhat. 7587. 
Sonde. Sand. 6559. 
Sonde. Message. 363. 1835. 3273. 3727. 
5699. 5958. 7130. 7860. Messenger. 
8467. Godes sonde. 5799. 6822. 8050. 
SoNDEDE. Perhaps for « fondede,' pro- 
vided. 11145 C. 
SoNE. Son's. 9854. 
Soneday. Sunday. 8724. 9579. 
SoNENDAY. Sunday. 8724 a. 9909. So- 

nendai. 12024. 
SoNE so. As soon as. 608. 5897. 6666. 

8734. 
Song, 3 s. - Sang. 9348. 
SoNGE, 3 pi. Sang. 2349. 3932 B. 7237. 

SONGEN. 3932 S. 
Soi'E. Soap. 143. 

Sou. Sorrow. 2357. 2923. 6078. 7227 B. 
Sore. Sorrow. 311 B. 7225. 7227 5. 
SoREUE. Sorrow. 5044 a. 
SoREUFUL. Sorrowful. 823 a. 
SoREWB. Sorrow. 2160 a. 2357 a. 7227 a. 

pi. SoREWES. 7204 a. 
SoREWi. To sorrow, grieve. 7219 o. 
SoRi. Sorry. 1195. 
SoRiNESSE. Sorrow, veratiou. 2790. 
SoRiouE. More sorry. 7051. 
SoRRORE. Sorrier, more sorry. 7051 B. 
SoRUOL. Sorrowful. 823. 
SoRWE. To sorrow. 7219 fi. 
SoRWE. Sorrow. 305. 2357 B. 
SoRWFUL. Sorrowful. 823 B. 
SosTEiNE. . To sustain. 6605. 
SosTER. Sister. 880. 3525. 5428. pi. 867. 
SOSTERNE. 712 a. SOSTREN. 712. 721. 
7560. 10910. 
SoTE. Sweet. Z 22 e. 
Sol>. Truth. 712. 713. To sol>e-of a 
truth, verily. 1091. 1