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3 1833 01739 0342 


VOLUME Vll. 1889. 

THE HIST'%;»A,> 


Histsrkal Register 





State of Eliol ftiii ui hikm I 


A record <>/ . <f ;-»/■'■•'« niid of men, 
For twelve full more y^ears and ten. 





Copjriglitecl in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at 





Historical Papers. 

I. The Newport Artillery, 1842. James C. Swan. 25 
11. The Petition of Weounkkass. 

Richard A. Wheeler. 35 

III. The Rhode Island Judiciary. 

Savnuel H. Allen. 57 

IV. Rhode Island Broadcloth. Henry T. Drowne. 86 
V. The Rhode Island Emigration to Nova Scotia. 

B,ay Greene Hilling. 89 
VI. The Lippitt Manufacturing- Company. 

Henry L. Greene. 156 
VII. The Forty-two Star Flag in Rhode Island. 

Providence Journal, James C. Swan. 199 
VIII. Newport in 1842. Neivport Journal, 

Newport Mercury, Newport Observer. 201 
IX. History Makers. Sunday Telegram, 208 

X. A Rhode Island Settlement. Anonymous. 227 
XI. Further Reminiscences of the Pawtuxet Valley. 

Noah J. Arnold. 233 
XII. The Federal Ascendency in 1812. 

Samuel H. Allen. 381 

XIII. A Military Plan 1782. Dr. Henry E. Turner. 395 

XIV. Historical Notes. WUliam F. Segar. 421 

iv Contents of Volume VII. 

XV. The Death of William Jackson. 

Jcmies C. Swan. 423 
XVI. The Grave of the First White Woman born 

in New England. David A. Waldron. 425 

Genealogical Papers. 

I. Life-Sketches of Rev. Henry G. Perry, 
Rev. Gideon B. Perry, and Mrs. Abby 
Brown Perry. ( with Portraits. ) 1 

II. One Line of the Power Family. 

John 0. Ansthi. 17 

III. The Record of Old Smithfield. 

The Edlfor. 41 158 357 369 

IV. South Kingstown Friends Record. 

The Editor. 65 164 

V. Notes on the Hopkins Family. Anonymo2(S. 137 

VI. Queries. Hay Greene Hidiiuj. 2L5 

VII. The Wilcox Family. Rev. S. P. Merrill. 281 

VIII. The Torrey Family. Nathan D. Bates. 294 

IX. One Line of the Weedon Family. 

John 0. Anstin. 298 
X. A Few Wills of Newport Women. 

John 0. Austin. 302 
XI. The Two Governors, Cranston. 

Dr. Henry E. Turner. 305 

Contents of Volume VIL 



Legeiicb of Narragaiisett. Caroline Hazard. 

Pettcosquamscutt Rock. 217 

The Chase of the Orpheus. 219 

Haniia's HilL 222 

Well worth a Century's Acclaim. 

liev. Henry G. Ferry. 224 

Historical Notes. 

First Town Council of So. Kingstown. S. H. Allen. 24 
First Rate Makers of So. Kingstown. S. H. Allen. 63 
Legend of the Pipestone Country. Am. Magazine. 16 
A Revolutionary Incident. B. I. Stanton^ 24 

Ellery Sanford's Testimony. M. S. Lewis. 40 

Editorial Notes- 

From the Pendulum, 39 

From Book Notes, From Lewis Letter, Indian 

Legends. 56 

Ballou Genealogy, Potter Genealogy. 64 
The Lewis Letter, Compendium of Tenth Census. 85 

The Rhode Island Manuel, 1888. 87 

Removal, Announcement. 38 

vi Contents of Volume VII. 

From Suntlay Telegram, 1st. Cliurcli of Dedliam. 136 

Reports Commissioner of Industrial Statistics. 155 

Ancestry of Thirty-three Rhode Islanders. 157 

Fj'om Lewis Letter. 163 

From Woonsocket Patriot. 198 

Epitaphs in Burial Yard, Dedliam, Mass. 200 

Centennial Ode. 216 

Picturesque Narragansett, A big cargo of Salt. 230 
Short Notes. 229 230 231 232 

A Genealogy of the Farnham Family. 297 
Queries. 304 367 
Rhode Island Historical Tracts, Second Series, 

No. 1. 304 

Announcements. 366 368 

Correction. 368 

The Arnold Family. 380 

From Newport Daily Observer. 428 

Frnm Newport Daily News. 429 

The Torrey Family. Our Vital Records. 430 
Dedham Historical Quarterly. Maine Historical 
Quarterly. Providence Almanac and Business 

Directory. 43 X 

The Olney Genealogy. Our New^ Volume. 432 



Abbott, 247 

Abigail, ( ship ) 287 

Aborn, 156 

Acadians, 90 91 92 93 95 
101 106 

Acadia, 91 92 96 

Accomac, Va., 284 

Acotes Hill, R. I., 29 32 34 

Adams, Mass., 227 228 229 

Adams, 44 255 260 296 

Africa, 396 

African, 400 

Agincouit, battle of, 281 

Air, 22 

Akin, 121 122 128 

Aldns, 103 119 120 131 

Albany Co., N. Y., 83 

Albany, N. Y., 287 

Albee, 364 

Alberson, 125 

Albro, 119 123 133 134 

Alden, 426 

Aldrich, 41 42 43 44 

45 46 49 158 159 

359 360 361 363 366 

370 371 372 374 375 

376 378 379 384 

Alexander, 246 

Algeiine, 209 210 211 213 

Alger, 301 

Allahabad, India, 6 

Allen, 24 43 44 45 46 
47 48 49 50 57 
62 113 120 122 124 
125 128 130 133 142 
146 147 158 160 161 
244 245 249 250 254 
258 259 260 261 262 
357 358 361 366 378 
380 381 

Alline, 113 115 117 118 

Allin, 113 

Allison, 107 120 123 

All Saints Ch. Chicago, 111. 5 

All Saints Parish, Pentaie, 
R. I., 266 

Almand, 123 131 

Almy, 249 250 

Alton, 111., 5 8 12 

Alveison, 42 129 160 359 
360 363 372 

American Army, 235 

American Biography, 418 


Index to Names and Places. 

American Churt-li, 2 
Ameri(?au Continent, '279 
American Crnisers, 396 
American Flag, 224 226 
American Magazine, 16 
American Marine, 7 
American People, 388 
American Refugees, 404 
American Seamen, 381 
American Vessels, 383 389 
Americans. 401 402 407 

412 416 
America, 64 90 96 116 
118 216 279 282 291 
292 332 396 397 398 
399 400 402 404 405 
406 407 408 409 410 
413 414 415 416 418 
419 432 
Ames, 51 263 
Anc. & Hon. Art. Co. Bost'n 

Anc. Bur. Ass'n, Hartford, 

Anderson, 275 
Andrews, 44 
Andre, 418 
Andros, 320 322 
Angell, 47 144 260 350 

357 372 378 
Angel, 125 126 
Annable, 229 
Annapolis, N. S., 102 
Annapolis River, 92 
Annual Register, 418 
Anspacks, 408 
Anthony Factory, R. I., 242 

Anthony, R.T., 236 239 243 

256 257 272 

Anthony, 28 29 58 62 

65 75 130 132 160 

253 256 258 272 273 

Antigua, W. I., 395 399 

Anti Federal Party, 381 384 
Anti Mason, 262 
Anti Slavery Soc, 246 257 
Anti Slavery, 245 
Apia Bay, 225 226 
Appleby, 47 359 369 371 

372 375 377 
Apponaug Church, 271 
Apponaug, R. I., 269 271 

272 274 
Aquidneck, R. I., 288 305 
Arkansas, 4 

Arkwright, R. I., 260 263 
Armington, 159 
Armstrong, 135 
Arnold's His. of R. I., 288 
Arnold, 18 21 39 41 
43 45 46 47 48 
49 56 58 59 61 
62 136 138 153 156 
158 159 160 161 163 
198 200 209 233 251 
252 253 266 267 271 
275 277 323 335 357 
358 359 360 362 363 
365 366 370 371 372 
376 377 378 379 380 
383 393 426 428 429 
Arsenal, 29 
Artie, R.I., 255 276 

Index to Names and Places 


Athertoii Land Co., 428 429 
Atlantic Coast, 420 
Atlantic, 91 93 
Attleboro Gore, 146 
Attleboio, Mass., 45 142 

146 147 358 379 
Atwell's Av., Prov., 203 
Atwell, 31 
Atwood, 261 
Aniault, 428 429 
Austeilitz, 254 
Anstin's Gen. Dictionary, 

288 317 
Anstin, 157 288 289 290 

298 303 356 
Avondale, N. S., 107 111 
Avon River, 107 111 


Babcock, 24 39 58 59 
66 78 79 81 123 

164 165 261 299 383 

Backside of the Ponds, 421 
Backside, 421 
Bacon, 129 161 
Badgley, 290 
Bailey, 123 130 135 300 
Baker, 50 123 129 130 131 

260 261 266 278 
Balcome, 44 151 
Baley, 111 122 132 
Ballard, 358 365 371 379 
Ballon, 43 47 64 132 

266 357 358 360 361 

371 373 375 377 378 


Ball, 46 

Banbnry, Eng., 293 

Bancroft, 1 43 89 

Bang-or His. Magazine, 430 

Banister, 58 

Bank of Kent, 256 257 

Banks and Beanty, 213 

Baptist Chnrch, 112 227 

228 2itl 263 267 273 
Baptist M. H. Prov., 22 275 

Baptist Society, 21 274 
Baptist, 104 118 260 265 

268 273 
Barbadoes, W. I., 285 375 

379 410 411 
Barbary, 420 
Barclayville, R. I., 258 
Barclay, 258 
Barker, 216 229 321 
Barnes, 44 129 
Barney, 301 394 
Barrington, R. I., 62 385 
Bartlett, 46 376 
Barton, 278. 
Bateman, 125 
Bates College, 259 
Bates, 294 
Battey, 260 
Bass Choice, Va., 283 
Bassett, 52 378 
Baxter, 50 150 151 
Bay of Biscay, 219 
Bay State, 89 
Beals, 362 
Beanmont, 376 
Beaver Tail, R. I., 219 
Belcher, 108 

Index to Names and Places 

Bellss, 228 
Belletoiit, K. L, S() 
Bellow, 129 

Bellinoliain, Mass., Ibl^ ;>^.> 
Bellomont hold, 318 32:3 
;3'>5 329 330 331 333 
3:U 335 337 338 
Benedict, 242 
Benefit St., Pifw., 29 
Benieia /Arsenal, Cal., 3 
Benieia College, Cal., 4 
15enic'ia, Cal , 3 
Benianiin, 45 

Bennett, 49 110 228 243 
244 247 36G 378 379 
Bennet, GO 221 
Bennington, battle of, 228 
Benson, 377 
Bentley, 102 123 130 131 

134 ^ 
Bergen 283 

Berkshiie His. Society, 227 
Beihshiie, Mass., 229 
Berlin Decree, 389 
Berry, 281 

Betternients, N. Y., 67 
Bicknell, 02 102 
Binney, 19 

Bircli Hill, R. L, 255 263 
Bishop of London, 110 
Bishop, 304 :;79 
Bissell, 250 
BixhY, 425 

Blackstone, Mass., 50 
Blackstone Biv(r, 139 140 

^jlackstone Valley, 234 
l^lanchard, 302 

Bliven, 210 

Blodgett, 21 22 27 28 200 

Blomidon, N. S., 91 

Blue Brook, N. J., 290 

Blunt, 127 

Board oi Trade, 323 324 

337 339 340 
Bolton, Conn., 300 
Bolton, Mass.. 72 
Bona Nona, ( ship ) 368 
Bona Nova, ( ship ) 284 
Book Notes, 50 
Bool, Scot. 354 
Booth, 101 102 
Borden, 50 00 70 kS 
79 121 124 133 lo2 
210 312 321 302 
Boss, 47 00 77 100 394 
Boston, Mass., 20 24 04 
87 95 90 113 115 
235 201 295 290 322 
339 352 353 303 
Boston Neck, R. I., 373 
Bos worth, 03 ^ 

Bothwell Earl of, 300 34.:» 

349 354 
Bourgeois, 124 
Bourne, 58 01 
Bowen's Hill, R. L, 235 230 
Bowen, 21 40 ryS 01 00 
67 125 158 159 100 
235 230 244 359 
Bowler, 58 01 
15ownian, 100 
Bowser, 119 
Bradbury, 210 259 
Bradford, 300 
Bradley, 59 00 79 105 

Index to Names and Places 


Bragg, m 71 83 165 
Braiiitree, Mass., 275 
BraiR'li, 63 
Braiiford, Conn., 296 
Braley, 48 

Brattleboro, Vt., 376 
Brayton, 49 59 62 63 
m 72 161 253 263 

264 265 271 272 273 

278 359 
Breck, 4 
Brenton, 123 312 320 321 

322 323 325 336 349 

Breshwick, L. I., 287 
Bridgham, 393 
Bridgport, Conn., 368 
Bridgwater, Mass., 44 
trg>s, 126 165 247 251 

^272 278 290 291 
Briglitlingsea, Eng., 368 
Brightman, 124 130 135 
Brighton, Mass., 285 
Briglithinsea, Eng., 285 
Brindley, 307 320 322 323 

327 335 
Bristol Artillery, 26 30 31 

Bristol Co., Mass., 147 
Bristol, Co., R. I., 40 
Bristol, R. L, 26 29 40 
58 60 61 62 63 

202 203 216 220 339 

390 394 
Britian, 94 
British Army, 420 
British Crown, 92 94 
British Dominion, 407 

British Empire, 398 399 

British Government, 420 

British Museum, 35 

British Ports, 383 389 

British, 319 407 408 

Britman, 132 

Broad St., Newport, 300 

Broderick, 122 

Brookfield, N. Y., 8 12 69 

Brooklyn Heights, N. Y., 

Brooklyn, N. Y., 282 289 

Brother John, 225 

Brownell, 126 129 166 

Browning Farm, 422 

Browning, 66 67 74 78 81 

Browne, 59 

Brown Uner- 211 242 266 

Brown, 3 19 20 27 30 
32 33 45 47 62 
63 67 68 80 85 
122 125 126 127 130 
132 134 135 144 146 
160 162 171 192 210 
213 227 228 249 271 
277 303 324 349 356 
357 362 364 365 367 
371 372 374 377 378 
380 381 390 394 

Buccleugh Earl of, 342 

Buchanan, 234 

Buchastleigh, Eng., 292 

Bucklin, 125 

Budlong, 261 269 271 278 

Buffalo, N. Y., 293 

Buffington, 62 


Index to Names and Flaces 

Buffin, 394 

Bullock, ()3 375 

Bull, 1(36 303 333 396 407 

]kiiden, 126 

Buidifk, 166 215 

Burdin, 103 

Burguess, 44 284 

Burges St., Piov., 240 

Burges, 59 63 130 133 

Burke, 282 322 356 

Buruliaui, 276 

Burrillville R. I., 43 160 

361 374 375 380 
Burrillville Vol's, 31 
Burrill, 59 383 390 
Burrouol,, 20 
Burr, 125 

Burtou, 60 253 278 
lUisliee, 43 
Bu8liwieh, L. I., 368 
Bush, 247 
Butts, 124 133 
Byram, 48 375 


Cady, 152 365 

Caffell, 130 

Cagau, 128 

Cahoou, 126 

California, 3 

Calliope, ( ship ) 224 225 

Calvinists, 97 
Cainhlo, 131 
Cmuhria, Peuu., 278 
Caiuhridge, Mass., 284 285 
Campbell, 128 130 

Camp Ladd, 199 

Canadians, 92 

Canada, 120 406 415 417 

Canaid River, 101 
Canavan, 131 135 
Caneteook, N. S., 130 
Canetcook River, 109 
Cannan, 131 
Canso, N. S., 101 
Canton, 111., 8 12 
Canton Register, 8 
Canute, 344 
Cape Francois, 413 
Cape Sihle, N. S., 101 
Capr,;n, 361 362 
Carder, 131 277 
Card, 123 124 130 133 134 

135 248 263 
Carolina, 415 416 
Carpenter, 43 63 126 228 

236 422 
Carquinsz Straits, Cal., 3 
Carrihee Isles, 410 411 
Carrie, 146 
Carrington, 246 
Carro'ltoii, 111., 5 
Carroll. 159 356 
Carr, 20 67 72 73 167 

303 310 312 321 333 

Carter, 342 345 422 423 

Carverlv, Eng., 292 
Casey, 123 132 
Ca,se"Av., Cleveland, 0., 9 
Case, 48 125 126 269 302 


Index to Names and Places 


Castile, Spain, 356 

Chepatchet, R. L, 25 29 

Catapeset, 35 36 

30 32 33 34 207 210 

Catoieli35 36 38 

Cheshire, Mass., 227 228 

Ceaser, 19 

Chestnut Sehool-house, 236 

Central F. W. Bap. Cli., 


Chicago, 111., 1 5 6 7 227 

Centreville Bank, 250 




Chickahominy River, 284 

Centreville Pond, 254 

Chig-necto, N. S., 102 

Centreville, R. I., 243 


Child, 276 393 394 

249 250 251 253 


Chillson, 365 

255 256 

Chipman, 58 

Cliace,42 46 48 159 


Christian Baptist, 235 

363 373 

Christ Ch., Vicksbiiro', Miss., 

Chamberlain, 348 


Chambers, 102 104 124 


Christ, 114 117 

132 133 134 

Church of England, 97 98 

Champlain, 62 271 399 422 

116 146 267 281 316 

Chapin, 262 263 

Church of Our Lady of Mt. 

Chapman, 124 134 303 

Carmel, 274 

Charleston, S. C, 22 

Church of the Redeemer, 5 

Charlestown, R. I., 36 


Church, 120 122 123 124 

65 66 67 71 


128 134 426 427 

74 78 79 120 


City Guards, 210 

167 168 179 180 


City Hall Block, Prov., 88 

198 382 421 430 

City Hall, Prov., 27 

Charles, I. 237 281 306 


City Savings Bank, Prov., 



Charles, IL, 36 37 


Clarkesburg-, Miss., 229 

237 308 343 345 

Clarke, 17 44 57 60 

Charter the, 326 329 


61 119 295 303 305 

336 337 338 340 


306 307 310 312 316 

345 354 382 

317 318 319 323 326 

Chase, 67 80 123 

329 330 333 343 346 

Chatham, 322 

352 354 355 367 379 

Cheapside, Prov., 22 


Chebucto, N. S., 92 

Clark, 56 124 125 257 278 

Cheney, 48 


xiv Index to Names and Places 

ClayviUe, R. L, 23,5 Coininoiis the, 425 

Clav, 235 Comstoek, Mich:, 292 
Clevehuul, 0., 1 2 9 10 12 Comstoek, 43 61 126 159 

Clevehuul, 257 299 362 369 377 378 

Clifton Biiiial Giouiid, New- 379 380 

port, 354 CoiiJiiiicus, 429 

CHnton, 388 392 416 Coiumitut, R. L, 405 407 

Clyde, R. L, 265 Coiihoy, 368 

Clyde Works, 156 157 Concord, ( ship ) 283 

Coates, 300 301 Concord, xMass., 285 

Cohecpdd, N. S., 102 Concord, N. Y., 291 

Cochran, 130 Conemanoh Valley, Pa., 278 

Coddington, 278 307 314 Conemaug-h, Pa., 278 

320 322 323 330 335 Congdon, 69 74 75 76 

Coe, 43 78 81 84 173 174 

Coffin, 132 178 260 

Coo-geshall, 29 303 307 310 Congress, 277 381 383 384 

312 386 388 389 391 394 

Colburji, 270 Congreoational Ch. 255 256 

Colby, 395 ^2^. . 

Coldstream Guards, 418 Congregationalists, 117 118 

Cole, 2 r)S 60 104 122 259 262 

126 128 129 135 162 Connecticut Col. Rec, 286 

291 303 379 Connecticut Colony, 36 

College St., Prov., 214 Connecticut Government, 36 

Collins, ()6 67 68 (J9 38 

70 71 72 73 74 Connecticut River, 132 

75 76 77 79 81 Connecticut. 97 99 101 

82 83 84 129 Kh 236 248 291 295 320 

168 169 170 171 172 334 423 

173 278 296 Continental Congress, 21 

Collin, 390 420 Contra Costa, Cal., 3 

Colonial Government, 331 Conway, 395 419 420 

Cohnnhia, 22() Cooke, 61 216 228 346 

Colvin, 261 357 Cook, 19 42 48 161 174 

Coml)e 8t. Nicholas, Eng., 256 289 360 361 369 

294 370 376 390 

Index to Names and Places 


Cooper, 366 

Corliss Steam Engine Co., 

Cornell, 58 394 
Cornwullis' Ariiij, 418 
Cornwallis, N. S., 101 105 

Cornwallis, 419 
Corpe, 269 
Cory, 21 23 
Cottle, 12(i 
Cottnam, 130 
Cotton Factories 248 
Cottrell, 260 

Council of War, 309 293 
Coanty Court, 249 
Court Armour, 342 
Cousins, 127 
Coventry Bank, 258 
Coventry Centre, R. I., 236 
Coventry, R. I., 60 235 236 

237 239 243 255 257 

258 268 272 294 
Covt^ansford, S. C, 419 
Cowan, 143 359 378 
Cowing, 301 
Cozzens, 246 376 
Craeling, Scot., 349 
Cranlield, 340 341 
Cranston Friends M, House, 

Cranston Lands, 348 
Cranston Lord, 342 343 346 

348 349 350 354 
Cranston, R, I., 50 60 61 

234 268 273 375 382 
Cranston St. Bap, Cli., Prov., 
247 268 

Cranston, 44 60 305 306 
307 308 309 310 311 
312 313 314 315 316 
317 318 319 320 321 
322 323 324:325,327 
333 335 336 338 342 

343 344 345 346 347 
348 349 350 351 352 
353 354 355 356 366 

Cranstoun Barons of, 305 
Cranstown, 348 349 354: 
Craven, 380 
Crawford Earl of, 306 343 

344 349 354 
Crawford, 342 344 
Creling, Scot., 305 
Crocker, 45 

Crompton Co., 245 246 
Crompton Parish, 274 
Crompton Stone Factory, 246 
Crompton, R. L, 243 244 

248 249 251 274 
Cromwell, 237 343 345 
Crosby, 291 
Crossman, 122 
Cross, 69 72 87 430 
Crown & Parliament, 323 
Cruff, 378 
Cuft'y, 19 

Cumberland Co., Eng., 70 
Cumberland, N. S., 112 
Cumberland, R. L, 44 48 
50 146 147 159 160 

161 369 362 374 376 

377 380 385 
Cundall, 62 
Currey, 125 
Curtis, 242 276 375 380 


Index to Names and Places 

Cushing, 227 374 
Cutler, 44 159 


Dalton, 69 70 82 
Dalryniple, 348 
Danby, Vt., 192 
Daniels, 364 
Darling-, 45 52 363 
Dartmouth, Mass., 65 6C) 

289 303 
Davenport, 295 
David, 11. 348 
Davidson, 2 50 
Davison, 122 128 
Davis, 66 70 73 77 78 
79 80 110 127 142 
174 296 300 
Dawley, 300 
Day, 49 125 127 129 
Dearborn, 392 
Drake, 375 
Dearniet, 132 
Decker, 224 
Dedhani His. Society, 136 

200 431 
Dedliani, Mass., Records, 291 
Dedham, Mass., 44 136 200 

291 431 
De Les Dernier, 124 133 
Deleware, 287 
Deinoi-ratic ]>arty, 381 
Den)psey, 370 
Denison, 99 295 
Denson, 121 128 
Desbarres, 123 128 

Desehamps, 103 108 124 

130 131 
Derrie, 284 
Dessenters, 98 
Devol, 61 

Devonshire, Eng., 292 
Dewey, 122 
DeWolf, 62 390 393 
Dexter, 45 50 126 127 

140 142 370 
Dickens reef, 221 
Dighton, Mass., 82 
Diniick, 131 
Dimock, 104 122 124 130 

132 135 
Dinsmore, 131 
Doane, 122 

Dockray, 70 78 80 174 175 
Dodworth's Band, 205 
Dominion of Canada, 119 
Dominica, W. L, 411 412 
Donsmore, 132 
Dorchester, Mass., 284 286 
Dormond, 130 131 
Dorrence, 236 246 247 276 
Dorr's Army, 28 32 
Dorr's Battery, 27 
Dorrr's Camp, 28 
Dorr's Fort, 34 
Dorr's Party,' 271 
Dorr War, 25 33 202 206 

208 209 211 271 
Dorrites, 28 

Dorr, 26 27 28 29 

30 34 202 203 204 

211 214 246 
Doten, 373 

Index to Names ai^jd Places 


Dotey, 46 

Downie, 127 

Dow, 256 

Drake, 332 418 

Drowne Mansion, 86 

Diown-, 86 87 

Druids, 90 

Druiy, 62 

Dublin, Ire., 292 

Dudley, 329 335 338 339 

340 341 
Dunham, 299 301 
Dunkirk, Scot., 349 
Dutchess Co., N. Y., 74 
Dutch Manuscripts, 287 
Dutch, 287 396 
Duiiee, 59 63244 
Durran, 293 
Dragonades, 332 
Dyer Brook, 258 
Dyer, 121 209 211 278 
Dye, 70 81 175 
Dyke of Dort, 279 


Earle, 68 71 290 

East Falmouth, N. S., 104 

107 108 
East Greenwich Bap. Ch., 

East Greenwich Con. Ch., 

East Greenwich. R. I., 58 
61 65 82 250 270 

304 385 
East Indian, 400 

Eastern Shore, Va., 284 
East Shore, N. J., 290 
Easterbroolts, 125 
Easton, N. Y., 71 83 
Easton, 60 278 307 312 

324 333 
Eddy St., Prov., 88 200 
Eddy, 49 59 63 129 370 

373 383 393 
Edinburgh, Univ., 255 
Edinburgh, Scot., 348 349 

Edson, 40 

Edward, I., 345 355 356 
Edward, IL, 345 
Edward, III., 345 
Efnor, 13 
Egg Harbor, 167 
Egypt, 320 

Elder Stone's M. House, 236 
Eldred, 71 79 303 
Eldridge, 339 

Eleanor, ( princess ) 335 356 
Ehzabeth City, Va., 284 
Elizabeth, ( queen ) 345 
Ellery, 59 61 382 
Elliott, 285 375 
Ellis, 108 124 276 
Embargo Act, 381 383 388 

389 391 
Embargo Laws, 388 
Emerson, 127 129 361 
Emmons, 260 
Emory, 266 
Enches, 361 
Enclo. Heraldica, 281 
Enforcing Act, 388 


Index to Names and Places 

England, 94 102 138 219 
226 237 251 290 291 
292 293 306 320 321 
327 329 332 345 247 
348 356 388 391 397 
399 404 405 409 414 
415 416 

English & American, 325 

English Colonies, 326 

English Conntries, 281 

English Colors, 325 

English Dominions, 398 

English Government, 92 

English Harhor, W. L, 411 

Englishmen, 221 311 312 
322 419 

English, 37 90 92 106 
111 114 115 225 312 
401 408 411 415 426 

Ennis, 393 

Episcopal Ch., 266 274 276 

Episcopalians, 316 

Episcopal, 246 

Erie Co., N. Y., 291 

Essex Co., Eng., 282 

Essex, Mass., 67 

Esterhrooks, 119 129 

Esten, 41 43 

Euclid Av., Cleveland, 0., 9 

Euclid, 399 

European Ports, 389 

European Powers, 400 416 

European Races, 280 

Europe, 237 319 332 345 
347 383 396 404 417 

Evangeline, 90 

Evans, 48 287 

Everson, 298 

Exchange A v., Chicago, 111., 

Exeter, R. L, 24 47 60 
62 70 71 80 84 
300 364 385 390 429 
Exjn-ess the, 34 


Faesch, 118 

Fairbault, Minn., 4 

Fairfield, 369 

Fales, 379 

Fall River, Mass., 81 

Falmouth, N. S., 101 102 
103 104 105 106 107 
111 113 114 119 120 
121 128 133 134 

Fanning, 295 

Farnham, P. Q., 24 

Farnham, 297 

Farnum, 299 301 373 374 

Farquaher, 350 

Federal Constitution, 386 388 

Federal Hill, 25 26 27 
29 202 203 204 205 
206 207 

Federal Union, 381 

Federalist Party, 381 382 
383 384 393 394 

Federalist, 389 390 

Feke, 352 

Fellsville, N. J., 290 

Feltsville, N. J., 368 

Fenner, 59 234 382 383 

Ferdinand, ( king ) 356 

Fessenden, 30 

Index to Names and Places 


Field, 125 278 362 

Fifield, 252 253 254 

Einch, 126 

Finney, 126 129 

First Bap. Cli., Providence, 

241 242 244 267 268 
First Bap. Ch., Natic, 265 
First Cli., Dedliam, Mass., 

First Ch. Prov., 154 
First Cli. Stonington, Cto, 15 
First Parish, Dedham, Mass., 

Fisherville, R. I., 260 261 
Fisher, 49 276 
Fish, 123 130 132 303 
Fiskeville, Four Cor., R. I., 

Fiske, 63 257 260 261 
Fisk, 48 296 
Fitton, 274 
Fitzpatrick, 122 128 
Fitz, 161 

Flanders Earl of, 344 
Flattop Factory, 248 
Flattop Pond, 248 
Flattop Stream, 248 
Fletcher, 376 
■ Fogson, 131 
Fonchard, 292 
Forbush, 270 
Fordice, 24 
Ford, 125 
Forest City, 1 
Fort Cumberland, 95 
Fort Edward, 101 103 108 

Fort Sackville, 101 

Foster Vols., 31 
Foster, R. I., 31 48 86 
87 161 234 235 236 
342 343 344 345 347 
348 350 394 
Foster, 66 67 69 71 
72 74 77 78 79 
81 82 84 125 126 
127 129 175 176 177 
305 306 342 345 346 
347 350 
FoTvVer, 384 
Fox, 322 

France, 36 92 94 102 
217 315 331 332 347 
356 387 389 390 397 
398 399 401 402 406 
408 413 414 415 416 
Francis, 271 277 
Franklin St., Boston, 64 
Franklin, 263 291 
Free Baptists, 235 259 
Free Masonry, 262 
Freewill Baptists, 216 259 
French Catholics, 99 255 
French Huguenot, 218 
French Fleets, 396 402 
French Forces, 105 
French Forts, 93 
French Government, 92 
French Isles, 410 412 
French Troops, 402 
French War, 95 
Frenchtown, R. I., 429 
French, 90 91 92 93 
101 102 105 106 398 
400 401 410 411 412 


Index to Names and Places 

413 415 428 429 Gaskill, 358 

Friendship St., Bap. Church, Gaspeieaux, 100 

Piov., 243 , Gavitt, 45 

Friends Bur. Yard Hoi)kinton Gee, 158 

IGG 1G7 1G8 1G9 171 General Armory, 282 

173 174 187 191 19G General Assembly, 57 153 
197 198 308 309 310 311 313 

Friends Bur. Yard Richmond 314 320 32G 329 339 

181 340 344 352 385 38G 

Friends Bur. Yard So. Kings- 388 391 393 430 

t:)wn, 178 180 182 General Court, 294 

Friends Bur. Yard Westerly, General Government, 392 

183 General Lafayette, 2G1 

Friends New Burial Yard General Theo. Sem. of Am. 

So. Khiostown, 185 188 Church, 2 

Friends Meetino-house, 272 Georgetown, D. C, 22 

273 423 ^ George, III., 90 112 

Friends, 65 Germans, 407 408 

Frohoch, 270 German Troops, 407 408 

Frontside, 421 Germany, 332 

Frye, 294 Gerrish, 122 128 

Fry, 24 72 77 127 Gihljs, 30 352 

Fuller, 47 99 101 129 242 Gibralter, 418 

24G 2GG Gibson, 274 

Fulling Mill, R. I., 2G9 Glft'ord, 72 84 171 177 

Fundy, Bay of 93 95 99 Giles. 12G 127 

112 113 Gladding, 216 

Glocester, R. 1., 34 41 47 
G 48 49 59 61 141 

151 152 159 161 234 
Gand)lei-, 0., 2 359 370 373 378 390 

Gammell, 19 394 

Gano, 242 Goddard, 19 

Gardiner, 24 r>8 62 GH Goife, 237 238 239 

69 72 82 84 177 Goff, 239 

263 3()1 364 419 Gooding-, 122 

Gardner, 384 390 392 Goodnow, 255 

Garret, 35 36 Goodspeed, 126 

Index to Names and Places 


Gonnai), 126 

Gorton, 59 72 82 263 277 

Gosbee, 124 

Gould, 44 296 

Grace Cli., Cleveland, 0., 1 8 

Grace Cli., Hopkinsville, Ky, 
7 8 12 14 

Graff, 45 

Grand Pre, N. S., 91 93 100 

Grandville, N. S., 102 

Grant, 122 123 

Gray, 3 61 122 

Great Britain, 36 90 92 
348 381 383 386 387 
388 389 391 396 404 
407 413 415 416 420 

Great Chestnut, 236 

Great Plain, 275 

Great S])irit, 16 

Greene Co., 111., 5 

Greene, 2 38 48 56 58 
59 60 61 66 68 
72 76 156 157 177 
239 249 250 251 252 
254 256 257 263 265 
267 268 270 272 278 
295 319 321 324 327 
331 333 377 418 

Greenhalgh, 50 

Green Mountains, 89 

Greeno, 122 130 132 

Greenville, R. I., 31 32 

Greenwich M. Meeting, 272 

Greenwich, 65 73 352 

Greenwood, Church, 271 

Greer, 3 

Gregory, 88 

Grenada, W. I., 41 

Groton, Conn., 71 82 195 
Guilfoid, N. C, 418 
Gulley, 159 


Hadley, Mass., 237 

Hadsall, 73 85 

Haile, 18 63 

Haliburton, 95 102 106 

109 110 119 
Halifax, N. S., 92 93 94 

95 97 98 99 100 

101 102 103 106 108 

110 111 112 119 120 
124 128 130 291 417 

Hallowell, 361 

Hallyburton, 109 110 124 

Hall, 44 60 104 123 160 

Hamilton College, N, Y., 8 

Hamilton, 251 

Hancock, 95 96 

Handon, 376 

Handy, 375 376 

Hanna's Hill, 222 224 

Harding, 303 

Hardy, 308 

Harkinson, 48 

Harkn^ss, 256 

Harrinoton, 121 266 271 

Harris,^46 60 99 146 152 
253 254 255 262 360 
361 362 364 369 373 
377 378 379 390 394 

Hartford, Ct., 286 287 373 

Hartford Convention, 393 


Index to Names and Places 

Hartley, 147 
Hart, 317 318 342 
Harvard College, 289 294 

295 430 
Harvey, 132 135 
Harvie, 123 124 130 131 

132 133 
Haskins, 3G9 
Hatch, 355 
Hants, N. S., 123 
Havainia, W. 1., 413 
Havens, 215 271 272 
Hawkes, G9 73 
Hawkins, 42 126 129 142 

152 154 296 297 332 

358 363 370 
Hayden, 293 
Hayes, 6 259 
Hay ward, 45 

Hazard, 58 60 61 62 
67 73 76 " 80 84 

178 179 215 217 289 

312 384 389 390 393 

394 422 
Healey, 70 73 74 80 81 

Heath, 380 
Heavens, 364 
Hebrews, 241 
Helnie, 58 61 63 384 
Hell Gate, 403 
Hemlock, R. I., 235 
Henry, T., 345 
Henry, TL, 345 
Henry, HI., 345 
Henry, VII., 345 
Henry, 260 276 
Herendeen, 45 46 54 

148 364 365 370 371 

372 374 
Herkimer Co., N. Y., 291 
Hern, 126 

HertFordsliii-e, Eno-., 285 
Hervey, 1"29 
Hervie, 102 103 
Hesse Cassel, 407 
Hessians, 249 407 

408 409 
Heyley, 126 
Hicks; 99 101 122 
Higgins, 159 248 
High Cross, Eno-., 282 
High Honse, R.^L, 271 
High St., Prov., 240 245 
Hills Grove, R. I., 275 
Hill, 43 47 200 275 278 

363 366 
Hoag, 69 
Hodgson, 312 
Hogg, 371 
Holl)rook, 379 
Holhnrton, 376 
Holden, 38 62 125 247 

268 270 277 
Holister, 291 
HoUand, 279 401 
Holliman, 267 278 
Holmes, 20 278 
Holt, Eng., 293 
Holy rood Honse, 349 
Home Government, 93 94 

Home Lots, 138 
Hookey, 303 
Hope,'R. I., 252 260 
Hopkins Mills, R. I., 235 

Index to Names and Places 


Hopkinsville, Kj., 7 8 9 12 

Hopkins, 48 58 59 60 
61 125 137 138 139 
140 141 142 143 144 
145 146 147 148 149 
150 151 152 123 154 
155 239 380 394 

Hopkinton City, R. I., 421 

Hopkinton, R. I., 60 61 
65 67 68 69 70 
71 72 73 74 75 
76 77 80 81 82 
83 84 85 164 166 
168 170 179 184 190 
191 197 385 390 393 

Hore, 122 

Horswell, 121 128 

Hoiton Mountain N. S., 104 

Hoiton, N. S., 100 105 107 

Hoiton, 129 362 

Hough, 44 

House of Deputies, 326 

Hovey, 122 

Howard, 262 278 

Howell, 61 391 

Howlaud's Ferry, 352 353 

Howland, 60 126 374 382 
383 388 


62 66 67 71 

74 75 76 77 78 
79 82 83 167 177 
179 180 181 182 185 
189 192 
Hoyle Tavern, 213 
Hoyle, 93 146 
Hoyt, 271 

Hubbard, 247 
Hudson River, 89 
Hudson, 379 
Hughes, 159 
Huguenot, 428 429 
Huling, 89 216 
Hull, Mass., 294 295 
Hull, 182 421 
Humblehatch, 123 
Hunter, 383 386 391 
Hunt, 47 361 
Huntington, N. J., 102 
Hustler, 292 

Hutchinson, 303 322 365 
Huttons, 284 
Hyde, 161 376 


l€eland, 396 

Illinois, 15 6 7 292 

Indian Camps, 93 

Indian Legends, 5(y 

Indian Tribes, 105 

Indians, 4 16 18 37 

38 92 101 114 218 

237 238 284 285 309 

311 312 325 328 426 

428 429 

India Point, Prov., 26 203 

India, wars of 3!Z7 

Industrial Statistics, 155 

Inools, 127 

Ingraliam, 44 

Innian, 41 46 161 357 358 

Ireland, 36 293 391 

Iiishman, 400 


Index to Names and Places 

Irish Catholics, 99 

Irish, 05 75 81 83 123 

128 182 183 392 
Iron Book, 203 
Irons, 129 161 357 374 
Island Militia, 338 
Ives, 19 384: 
Ivy Mills, Penn., 291 

Jackson, Me., 73 
Jackson, R. I., 260 
Jackson, 87 156 234 247 
260 279 388 389 391 
422 423 424 
Jacobs, 276 
Jacques, 50 

Jamaica, W. I., 412 413 
Jamestown, R. I., 57 67 72 

80 303 
Jamestown, Va., 283 
James, I., 305 345 348 
James, II., 320 322 
James, V., 306 345 
James, VI., 305 343 345 

James, 248 275 
Janeson, 255 256 
Jefferson College, Phil., Pa., 

Jeffersonian Party. 381 
Jefferson, 234 
Jeffers, 124 133 361 
Jeffreys, 307 

Jenckes, 45 46 50 61 
112 125 126 127 142 
150 151 158 159 162 

227 258 358 360 361 

365 371 377 
Jenkins, 273 
Jennison, 363 
Jersey City, N. J., 292 
Jersey Co., 111., 5 
Jersey Shore, 403 
Jersey ville. 111., 5 
Jerseys, 89 
Jersey, 395 
Jess, 122 128 
Jewett, 250 
Jillson, 358 
Jincks, 124 129 
Johnson, 62 129 239 248 

251 254 256 263 376 

Johnston, R. I., 43 44 48 

63 155 278 357 380 

Johnstown, Penn., 278 
John of Gaunt, 345 
John, I., 345 
Jones, 48 371 381 383 384 

385 389 390 391 393 

Juhan, 124 


Kalamazoo, Co., Mich., 292 

Kalamazoo, Mich., 382 

Kelley, 48 

Kellum, 129 

Kemper, 2 

Kempton, 41 

Kentucky, 235 

Kent Co., Eng., 282 368 

Index to Names and Places 


Kent Co., R. I., 242 261 

Kent, R. I., 260 
Kenyon College, 0., 2 5 6 
Kenyon, 68 69 74 75 
76 77 80 81 84 

183 184 185 
Keikenbrigli, Scot., 292 
KeiT, 349 
Kilburn, 127 
Killingly, Conn., 296 297 
Kiliingwortli, Conn., 286 
Kilton, 72 76 256 
Kimball, 49 161 256 
King Philip's War, 138 139 

237 268 309 
Kii)g Philip, 426 
Kings Co., R. I., 424 
Kings Province, 39 334 338 
Kings Towne, R. I., 288 295 
Kingston Hill, R. L, 296 
Kingston, R. I., 41 65 
King George, 220 
KinS, 25 28 34 126 239 

Kip, 3 
Kiiby, 138 
Knight, 128 144 

261 266 382 

393 394 
Knowles, 66 68 
74 75 76 
81 83 111 

130 131 135 

187 266 
Knowlton, 152 363 

250 254 












Lacy, 49 

Lake Erie, 1 7 

Lake, 103 123 131 132 135 

Lamas, 375 

Langworthy, 299 300 

Lanksford, 154 

Lapham Institute, 259 

Lapham, 49 254 259 358 

359 363 373 
Larkin, 120 

Latham, 42 44 317 365 
Lawald, 131 
Law and Order, 271 
Lawrence, 92 93 94 95 
96 98 99 102 105 
106 129 
Laws, 20 

Lawton, 264 289 300 
Leavens, 361 
Leeds, Eng., 292 
Leeward Isles, W. I., 398 

Lee, 363 

Legislature, the 261 
Leigh, 45 362 
Leon, Spain, 356 
Lethredge, 125 
Lettimore, 129 
Le Valley, 263 
Lewis Letter, 56 8^ 163 
Lewiston, Me., 259 
Lewis, 40 129 216 
Liecestershire, Eng., 282 
Lillibridge, 215 


Index to Names and Places 

Limock, 131 

Lincoln, R. I., UO 

Lincoln, 44 .48 228 358 

Lindsey, 306 344 349 
Lippitt & Plienix Bap. Cli., 

Lippitt Factory, 156 
Li})pitt, Mjinut'actui'ing- Co., 

156 157 
Lippitt Mill, 157 
Lippitt, 60 61 156 268 

278 390 
Litchfield, N. Y., 291 
Little Britian, 396 
Little Conipton, R. I., 59 

60 61 62 78 83 

120 L34 288 394 425 

426 426 
Littlefield, 268 
Little Neck Beach, 221 
Littell, 290 
Liverpool, N. S., 117 
Loconsquissett, 143 145 
Lojo, 45 
London, Eng-., 105 120 279 

282 284 304 319 349 

350 368 
Longfellow, 90 100 
Long Island, 89 138 139 

290 403 423 
Long Wharf, 29 
Lord Newport, 108 
Lords of Trade, 94 98 
Lord, 32 

Losslng's Field-book, 418 
L(>thi;;n, Marqnis of 349 
Lottie Stewart, ( bark ) 230 

Lonisburg, N. S., 95 

Lonis, XiV., 332 

Lovatt, 102 

Lovelass, 122 

Loveless, 128 

Lovell, 161 

Lowell, Mass., 251 

Lowe, 278 

Low, 228 229 

Lnnenbnrg, N. S., 101 

Lutherians, 97 

Lnther, 125 235 

Lyde, 121 

Lydia, ( sloop ) 103 107 

Lyman, 59 393 

Lyon Her. OfRce, Scot., 344 

Lyon, 123 128 


MacCoy, 132 
Macnntt, 132 
Macoomber, 131 132 
Macnmber, 123 130 131 134 
Madagascar, 327 332 420 
Madgel)urg, Ger., 332 
Madtson, Conn., 285 286 293 
Madison, Co., N. Y., 69 
Madison, 86 234 388 389 

Maine His. Society, 431 
Maine, 430 
Malavery, 125 
Malbone, 384 
Maloney, 108 
Manchester, 122 128 239 

240 256 260 261 269 

Index to Names and Places 


Muller, 122 
Mullen, 426 
Miilliii, 125 
Mumfoid, 58 61 63 71 

124 131 295 
Miinroe, 6S 72 77 187 

216 234 
Murdock, 101 431 
Murray, 93 
Muzey, 126 
Mystic River, Conn., 245 


Nantucket, Mass., 77 161 
Nap, 160 

Narragansett Bay, 420 
Narragansett Country, 37 

338 339 
Narragansett His. Register. 
39 56 88 136 156 

163 198 199 201 207 

208 209 217 229 230 

231 232 356 428 429 

Narragansett Indians, 268 

Narragansett, 18 36 39 
65 217 222 287 288 

352 422 428 429 
Narrow River, 424 
Narrows, 403 

Nashotali Div. Sell., Wis., 2 
Nashotali, Wis., 2 
Nash, 423 424 
Natchez, Miss., 2 8 12 
Natic Church, 265 
Natic School-house, 263 

Natic, R. I., 262 235 266 

274 275 
National Band, Prov., 199 
Negroes, 312 
Nevis, 0. L, 411 
New Bedford, Mass., 8 89 

Newberry, town of 428 429 
Newburgh, N. Y., 292 
New Durham, N. H., 216 
Newell, 359 361 
New England Church, 117 
New England Convention, 

New England His. and Gen. 
Register, 285 286 288 
New England in America, 

New England Papers, 36 
New England Troops, 93 
New Englanders, 90 105 
New England, 11 12 37 
39 65 87 95 99 

102 113 114 115 117 

118 237 253 257 304 

333 338 341 385 388 

425 426 
Newfoundland, 116 
New Grafton, Mass., 379 
New Hampton, N. H., 115 
New Hampshire, 115 
New Hartford, N. Y., 69 172 
New Haven, Conn., 287 
New Jerusalem Church, 265 
New Jerusalem, 254 
New Light, 118 
New London, Conn., 66 108 
Newman, 42 56 

XXX Index to Names and Places 

New Market, N. H., G7 418 420 423 

Newport Artillery, 25 26 Niuntie Country, 37 38 39 
27 28 29 30 31 Niantic Indians, 35 3(5 

202 203 204 205 206 
207 208 

Newport Daily News, 428 
Newport Daily Observer, 

207 428 
Newport His. Society, 428 

Newport Journal, 202 428 
Newport Mercury, 206 207 
Newport, N, S., 104 107 

108 109 110 111 119 

120 123 130 131 133 


Newport, R. I., 17 20 25 

29 32 58 59 60 

61 62 6S 70 83 

Sry 102 103 108 110 

113 199 200 201 202 

203 207 219 220 289 
295 296 298 299 300 
301 302 303 304 305 
307 308 309 310 311 
312 314 329 331 343 
344 345 346 349 350 
352 353 354 356 382 
384 390 392 393 394 
395 420 423 424 429 

Mass., 288 North Cakley Av.. Chicago, 

Nichols, 45 75 



188 190 

Nightino-ale, 60 

Niles, 5S 60 77 80 


Ninecrait, 36 

Ninegret, 35 36 37 

Ninegrut, 35 

Ninth Pveg-. R. I. M. 


Non Importation Act, 



Non Intercourse Act, 



Normandy, Duke of 344 

Northern California, 


Northern Colonies, 97 

North America, 



401 402 405 

406 407 

445 416 

NorHd)iid^-e, Mass., 


North Bur. Ground, 



19 2) 21 23 

North Centreville, R 



North Foster, R. I., 



Northlmni, ^94 

North Kingstown, R 



61 62 63 



1^0 133 215 

390 391 


Newton Stewart, Scot., 292 III., 7 

New York, N. Y., 2 3 North Providence, R. I., 20 
29 70 82 87 205 £9 61 82 158 160 

291 292 402 403 404 302 362 373 374 385 

405 406 North Purchase, 147 

Now York, 12 48 89 235 North Scituate, R. I., 259 

243 299 320 416 417 North Stonington, Conn., 68 

Index to Names and Places. 


Manhattan, 287 

Mankato, Minn., 292 

Manning, 122 128 

Mansfield, Ct., 104 

Mansfield, 43 161 364 374 

Manton, 393 

Man, 41 43 44 45 77 

126 159 160 361 362 

363 370 371 373 374 

378 380 : ^ 

Maple Root Cluucli, 239 240 

246 263 268 269 
Maple Root Meeting-house, 

Mai'chant, 62 
Mare Island, 3 
Margaret, ( princess ) 355 

Marine Artillery, 210 
Maritime Provinces, 92 102 
Mariton, 16 
Market Square, Pro v., 210 

Marsh, 22 
Marsters, 121 122 128 131 

Martindale, 338 339 
Martinez, Cal., 3 
Martinico, W. I., 410 412 
Martin, 62 268 383 389 

390 394 
Mary & John, ( ship ) 304 
Mary, Queen of Scots, 306 

Masonic Record, 6 
Masonic Mirror, 11 
Mason, 112 125 127 129 

132 156 161 247 394 

Massachusetts Bay, 338 340 

Massachusetts, 10 18 97 

102 227 238 248 255 

289 294 295 304 316 

320 322 334 430 
Mather, 108 
Mathewson, 42 150 154 

256 258 260 363 364 

365 383 388 
Mathew, ( ship ) 284 
Mathews, 266 
Matilda, 344 345 
Matoonic, R. I., 422 
Matteson, 63 
Mavis, 43 

Mayflower, ( ship") 426 
McAllister, 3 
McCarthy, 161 
McCullough, 121 
McDonald, 378 
McDougall, 44 362 
McGeer, 50 376 
McGregor, 263 292 
McGuire, 292 
Mcllvaine, 2 10 
McKerris, 249 
JMcLaren, 5 
McNeal, 30 
Mc'^parran, 295 
Meacham, 122 
Medberry, 127 
Medhury, 303 363 372 373 
Meeting-houses, 98 
Methodist Ch., 253 254 425 
Methodist Meeting-house, 


xxviii Index to Names and Places 

Methodists, 118 254 260 

Meiiclon, Mass., 81 158 159 

374 376 
Menton, 390 
Merrill, 253 281 368 
Messer, 59 242 
Mexam, 429 
Meyer, 122 

Micheiior, 121 124 128 131 
Micliigaii University, 26 
Michigan, 7 

Micmac Indians, 102 114 
Middlesex Co., Eno-., 282 
Middletown, Conn.,' 286 420 
Middletown, R. I., 62 352 

390 392 394 
Mid Lothian, Scot., 348 
Millard, 369 
Miller, 47 229 
MiUett, 121 134 
Milan Decree, 383 
Minas, Basin of 91 92 100 

102 116 
Ministers, 98 
Minor, 276 
Minstrel, Lay of the Last 

342 344 
Mississippi, 2 10 
Missouri, 10 

Mitcliell, 42 47 48 77 
80 360 363 370 373 

378 379 
Mizner, 3 
Moffatt, 50 357 
Mohegan, 35 
Molock, 332 
Momojoshuck, 35 36 

Mona Passage, 413 
Moon, 70 

Montreal, Can., 102 105 
Montserrat, W. I., 411 
Montresor, 419 
Morgan, 418 
Morrisiania, N. Y., 403 
Morning Star Church, 235 
Morriston, Scot., 348 
Morris, 11 100 106 108 

109 112 126 
Morse, 234 256 
Morton, 159 
Mosher, 103 111 119 120 

123 130 131 132 133 

135 303 
Moshowenggamunch, 36 
Moswansicut Pond, 259 
Mother Country, 320 
Mott, 127 
Mount Allison Ladies Collge, 

Mount Allison University, 

Mount Hygeria, R. I., 86 
Mount Vernon Bank, 234 
Mount Vernon, R. I., 234 
Mount Vesuvius, 579 
Mowry, 41 42 43 44 
46 47 48 49 50 

150 160 260 357 358 

359 360 361 362 363 

364 365 366 370 371 

372 373 374 375 376 

377 378 380 
Mowthy, Wales, 281 
Muhhahev, 246 
MuUar, 128 

Index to Names and Places 


72 79 82 
Nortlnip, 119 122 128 390 

North-west Brancli, 252 261 
Norwich, Conn., 294 
Nowers, 282 

Nova Scotia, Charter of 95 
Nova Scotian, 95 
Nova Scotia, 24 89 90 
92 96 99 100 101 

105 107 110 112 113 

116 118 119 120 
Noyes, 384 392 394 


Oakes, 294 

Oakland Col., Miss., 6 

Oaklawn, R. I., 273 

Oatley, 188 

Odlin, 303 

O'Hara, 368 395 418 419 

Ohio, 2 8 11 296 
Old Charter Government, 277 
Old Colony Steamboat Co., 

Old England, 283 
Old Six Principle Bap. Ch., 

Old Warwick Chinch, 239 

268 269 270 
Old Warwick, R. I., 267 276 
Olney's Lane, Prov., 301 
Olney, 125 126 127 129 

140 158 240 371 373 

Oranofe St., Prov., 27 

Orcutt, 285 

Orders in Council, 383 

Orpheus, ( ship ) 219 220 

221 368 395 396 
Osgood, 296 297 
Otis, 99 

Otsego Co., N. Y., 67 
Owen, 59 61 123 363 
Oxfordshire, Eng., 293 
Oyster Bay, L. I., 137 140 

Pahodie, 425 426 427 

Pacatuck, 35 

Pacific Churchman, 3 

Pacific Coast, 3 4 

Pacific Naval Station, 3 

Pacific Slope, 89 

Packer, 127 

Padden, 248 

Page, 41 50 51 61 

Pake, 123 

Pain, 41 42 43 44 45 
46 47 51 52 53 
159 160 357 358 359 
372 374 375 380 

Palmer, 15 47 70 78 80 

Palsey, 44 

Panama, 3 

Papists, 97 99 

Parker, 44 78 81 123 
127 132 189 272 

Parke, 78 83 

Parsons, 44 

Parrett, 318 

Passaic Valley, N. J., 290 

Passaic, N. J., 290 


Index to Names and Places 

Piissmore, 44 

Patterson, 44 

Patt, 44 

Patuxet, 86 87 

Pawlet, Vt., 291 

Pawper, 132 

Pawtucket River, 139 14b 

Pawtueket Valley, 234 

PaAvtueket, R. L, 63 201 

242 249 257 302 
Pawtuxet River, 154 233 
234 252 257 261 278 
Pawtuxet Valley, 156 234 
246 270 275 276 279 
Paysant, 122 
Peabody, 127 
Peace Party, 392 
Pearce, 30 44 394 
Pearson, 44 
Pease, 255 
Peck 45 53 129 256 257 

'258 272 377 
Peckliam, Eng'., 282 
Peckliam, 45 66 70 72 
78 79 165 174 189 
390 421 
Peckring, 45 
Peets, 45 53 
Peg, 19 

Pefrce, 4 45 53 234 269 
Pendulum, the 39 
Penniman, 45 
Pennsylvania, 10 
Penobscot, Me., 417 
Pensacola, Fla., 416 417 
People's Constitution, 34 
Pequidington, 35 38 

Pequid, 35 
Perkes, 40 
Perkman, 287 
Perkins, 45 
Perry, 1 2 
6 7 
11 12 
45 53 
69 70 
78 79 














80 189 190 

191 224 375 
Petaquamscutt Marsh, 217 
Peters, 45 360 
Pettis, 45 
Phelan, 271 272 
Phenix Catholic Parish, 274 
Phenix Factory, 156 
Phenix Man'g Co., 264 
Phenix Methodist Ch., 262 
Phenix Pond, 262 
Phenix School-house, 263 
Phenix, R. I, 255 261 263 

264 265 270 
Phetteplace, 43 45 46 53 

361 374 
Philadelphia, Pa., 1 8 11 12 

Philip, III., 356 
Phillips. 41 42 46 47 
48 53 54 55 61 
126 246 359 363 371 
372 373 
Phipps, 329 
Pickford 48 
Pickring, 48 
' Picturesque Narragansett, 
Pidgeley, 48 379 

Index to Names and Places 


Pike, 126 156 157 265 
Piiikliam, 48 

(Pipestone Quarrey, 16 
Pisiqiiid River, 101 104 107 
111 113 
Pisiquid, N, S., 92 93 
, Pitman, 242 246 393 
PIttsfield, Mass., 228 
Pitts, 48 366 
Place, 48 49 50 256 303 

Plainfiekl, Conn., 77 236 
■ rkmter, ( ship ) 285 
Pkmet, St., Piov., 300 
Plank, 296 
Plimpton, 49 
Phmier, 49 55 
Plymonth, Eng., 284 293 
Plymouth, Mjiss., 310 373 

Plymouth Pilgrims, 426 
Pocasset River, 278 
Pocock, 330 
Point Judeth Pond, 421 
Point Judeth, 219 
Polk, 234 

PoUemore, Eng., 292 
Pollock, 49 296 297 374 
Pomfret, Conn., 47 183 
Pond, 49 377 
Pontaic Mills, 266 
Pontaic, R. I., 266 
Pooke, 49 50 
Portage, N. Y., 74 
Porter, 266 278 430 
Porto Rico, W. L, 412 413 
Portsmouth, R. I., 58 61 
62 288 289 308 309 

311 312 382 394 

Post Road, 421 422 

Potter, 49 50 55 57 
60 63 64 78 79 
123 125 126 128 131 
133 144 236 249 260 
261 262 278 295 303 
363 375 376 381 382 
383 384 389 391 

Powell, 284 

Power St., Prov., 21 138 

Power, 17 18 19 20 21 22 
23 24 127 

Pray, 48 50 55 148 

Predsey, Eng., 292 

Prentz, 288 

Presbyterians, 117 

Press Gang, 367 

Preston, Conn., 78 

Price, 299 427 

Prichard, 50 

Prince Rupert Bay, W. L, 

Prince, 21 50,295 

Pringle, 50 

Print Works, 246 247 

Prior, 50 

Proctor, 122 

Proffat, 50 160 

Prosperous, ( ship ) 283 

Prosser, 261 

Protestants, 97 

Providence Aim. & Bus. Di- 
rectory, 431 

Providence & Hartford, 
R. R., 252 

Providence & New London 
Turnpike, 247 


Index to Names and Places 

Providence Co., R. I., 272 

Providence Gazette, 300 342 

Providence Journal, 56 198 
209 252 

Providence Light Infantry, 
26 27 28 29 30 
202 203 204 205 206 
207 210 

Providence Records, 145 146 
152 153 

Providence River, 18 

Providence, R. 1., 17 18 

19 20 21 22 23 

25 26 27 29 30 

31 32 33 34 39 

40 44 50 56 57 

59 60 61 62 63 

65 70 76 82 112 

124 127 138 140 143 

147 150 151 152 153 

154 164 171 200 201 

202 203 204 205 206 

207 216 228 230 246 

247 252 253 254 256 

261 262 263 267 268 

269 270 300 301 305 

310 315 316 342 344 

350 351 354 355 356 

358 361 362 370 377 

381 382 383 384 385 

390 394 

Province Library, 106 124 
128 L30 

Public Square, Cleveland, 0., 

Pullen, 50 55 

Puritan Order, 267 

Pynchon, 341 


Quakers, 97 327 330 331 

333 340 341 
Quebec, P. Q., 102 
Quidnic, R. 1., 242 243 
Quiniby, 259 
Quincy, 111., 5 


Rambouellet, Decree, 389 
Randall, 60 62 104 122 

125 -[58 216 301 360 1 

Randolph, 318 324 325 
Rankin, 158 162 
Rathbun, 66 67 74 75 
78 79 80 83 158 

162 191 192 367 
Rawson, 294 295 430 
Raymond, 158 162 
Ray, 76 77 80 84 158 I 

159 162 192 260 
Razee, 159 
Razy, 159 361 

Read, 73 80 159 163 192 
Red Bank, N. J., 249 i 
Reed, 119 129 130 230 

Rehoboth, Mass. 

40 66 

146 147 295 
Register, the 233 304 366 

367 368 380 
Regular Baptists, 246 
Reid, 132 
Remington, 43 44 62 

Index to Names and Places 


159 160 163.246 252 

256 277 384 
Rencham, 380 
P,eiieliani, 160 
Eeniff, 160 163 
Remvortliy, 160 365 
Representation, 277 
Republican Party, 209 381 

382 383 384 394 
Republicans, 389 390 
Revolutionary War, 229 249 

261 269 291 
Rexfoid, 158 
Reynolds, 62 76 80 122 

123 134 160 384 
Rhode Island, & Prov. Pla'n, 

313 321 326 
Rliode Island American, 350 
Rhode Island Bap. Convent'n 

Rhode Island Colonists 322 
Rhode Island, Col. Records, 

289 315 322 323 324 

325 335 336 337 338 

Rhode Island Colony, 295 

Rliode Island Federalists, 

Rliode Island Genealogy, 

Rliode Island Government, 

Rhode Island His. Tracts. 

Rhode Island History, 305 
Rhode Island Manuel, 87 
Rhode Island Militia 250 261 

Rhode Island Pendulum, 198 
Rhode Island People, 248 
Rhode Island Pioneer, 428 
Rhode Island Press, 367 
Rhode Island Regiment, 249 
Rhode Island Republican, 

Rhode Island Slaves, 212 
Rhode Island Soc. F. E. D. 

Industry, 86 276 
Rhode Island Works, 304 
Rhode Islanders, 89 99 103 

104 120 157 
Rhode Island, 24 26 27 
28 29 35 39 40 
65 S6 89 91 99 
101 102 103 104 107 
109 110 111 112 113 
118 119 120 121 124 
127 133 135 136 137 
138 139 141 146 153 
199 202 206 208 209 
211 213 214 219 227 
228 229 234 236 244 
272 278 285 287 288 
295 300 305 307 315 
316 318 320 322 323 
331 332 335 340 341 
347 350 351 354 366 
381 383 384 392 393 
405 406 407 408 409 
Rhodes, 18 86 87 148 
199 246 264 266 271 
276 278 384 390 392 
Richardson, 160 163 374 


Index to Names and Places 

Rice City, R. I., 235 
Ricf?, 100 '236 2()(} 278 
Riclimoiul, N. H., 158 
Riehmoiul, R. L, 21 61 
74 75 76 77 78 

79 81 83) 170 175 
176 180 181 181 186 
191 197 385 

Richmond, Va., 383 
Riehmoiul, 39 60 61 Cyo 
m 67 70 71 160 

161 185 186 187 192 
Rider, 301 
Riley, 160 
River Point, R. L, 255 263 

Rivers, 32 
Road Hand, 38 
Rohbins, 373 382 390 
Robinson, 50 58 iV2 67 
70 73 78 79 80 
83 126 160 178 192 

193 295 
Robins, 125 161 375 
Rochester, N. Y., 281 293 
Rochester, R. I., 339 
Rodman, 66 69 76 77 

80 81 193 
Rogers, 44 70 81 124 

129 161 162 193 294 
Roger Williams Ch., Prov., 

Roger WilHiuns Factory, 156 
Roman Catholic Cli., 255 274 
Romnn Cuthohcs, 246 
Rome, 161 

Ross, 161 244 245 265 376 
Rono-, 132 

Rounds 129 152 161 
Rowley, 161 162 163 
Roxburghshire, Scot., 349 
Royalston, 161 162 
Royalton, Mass., 51 
Rumblemarsh, 162 
Russell, 58 60 162 389 
Rutger's College, 119 
Ryder, 230 
Rye, Eng., 282 


Sabin, 20 357 

e'ackville, N. S., 112 113 

119 120 128 
Paint Albans, Eng., 285 
Saint Augustine, Fla., 417 
Saint Christopher, Yf. I., 284 
Saint Croix River, 104 107 

Saint James Ch., Chicago, 

111., 2 
Saint James Ch., Cleveland, 

0., 18 
Saint John's Ch., Chicago, 

111., 5 
Sauit John's Ch., Prov., 255 
Saint Kitts, W. I., 399 
Saint Lnwrence, River, 93 

Saint Lucia,, W. I., 399 410 

411 413 
Saint Lcmis, Mo., 8 12 
Saint Paul's Ch., Benecia, 

Cal., 3 
Saint Paul's Ch., Chicago, 

111., 5 

Index to Names and Places 


Saint Paul's Cli., Cleveland, 

0., 1 8 9 
Saint Paul's Ch., Narragan- 

sett, R. I., 88 229 295 
Saint Paul's Cli., Spriiigfielcl, 

111., 4 
Saint Philip's Epis. Cli., 246 
Saint Vincent, W. I., 411 
Salano, Cal., 3 
Salem, Mass., 193 304 
Salisbury, 129 

Sally, ( sloop ) 102 103 107 
j;ihnon, 349 
Salter, 122 131 133 
Saltonstall, 341 
Salt Ponds. 421 
Samoan, 224 
Samoa, 225 
Samons, 126 
Sampson, 431 
Sam Sliclv, 110 120 
San. Augustine, Col. Institute 

Cal., 4 
San. Francisco, Cal., 3 6 
San. Jose, Cal., 4 
Sandboin, 357 
Sandl'ord, 132 
Sandy Hook, 403 
Sanford, 40 102 103 111 
123 124 130 131 133 
134 135 310 314 320 
323 329 330 335 
Saramaribo, W. I., 20 
Saratoga, N. Y., 417 418 
Sardinia, N. Y., 291 
Saulsbury, 357 374 
Saunders, 121 247 357 
Savage, 285 

Sawyer, 358 
Saxon, 90 
Sayer, 358 422 
Sayles, 41 42 43 44 

45 46 47 143 158 

160 161 358 359 360 

361 362 363 364 365 

366 370 371 372 373 

375 378 
Scaever, 286 
Sclioles, 361 
Scholfield, 361 364 
Schouler, 362 
Scituate Church, 239 
Scituate Road, 31 
Scituate, R. I., 30 47 49 
50 61 141 146 147 

148 150 153 158 235 

259 '260 261 357 361 

379 380 384 
Scotch Catholics, 99 
Scotch Irish, 111 
Scotch, 111 
Scotland, 293 305 306 343 

344 345 347 348 356 
Scott, 58 129 130 159 252 

342 344 346 359 361 

Scranton, Pa., 289 293 
Seabury, 253 224 
Seager, 76 81 82 193 194 
Seagraves, 362 
Seakonk, Mass., 82 
Searing, 295 
Searle, 61 216 246 
Second Advent Ch., 275 
Second Bap. Ch., Newport. 

298 300 


Index to Names and Places 

Segar Homestead, 422 

Segar, 421 422 

Seiiaea Block. Cleveland, 0., 

Sessoiis, 46 
Seven Mile Line, 148 149 

Seymour, 5 
Shanghai, China, 297 
Shantieut Brook, 273 
Shan, 362 
Sharake, 130 
Sliaion, Mass., 376 
Sharon, 132 
Shaver, 121 
Shawomet Bap. Church, 2G7 

Shaw, 122 123 124 132 
Shay, 131 
Slieafe, 363 
Shearman, 126 129 
Sheffield, 24 67 71 73 
75 82 83 84 166 

194 321 336 
Sheldon, 24 47 

125 268 275 

48 49 
362 363 
147 151 


She})ard, 363 

Sliejde, 363 

Sherehrooke, 368 

Sheriff St., Cleveland, 0., 9 

Sherlock, 363 365 

Sherman, 63 76 78 81 

358 361 363 364 
Shey, Vz2 123 128 
Shippee. 359 360 363 364 

365 372 380 
Shirt, 160 365 

Sholes, 365 

Shorebrook, Can., 292 
Shove, 72 81 82 83 
Shropshire, Eng., 282 
Shurtleff, 276 
Sihley, 365 

Simmons, 129 266 278 

Simpson, 111 123 128 

132 133 134 



Sim son, 130 

Conn., 285 



Sisson, 68 82 256 272 
Six Principle Bap. Ch., 
Six Principle Baptists, 

240 241 246 260 

269 270 
Slade, 48 366 
Slafter, 200 
Slatersville, R. I., 31 
Slater, 249 366 



Sly, 41 

Smithfield, R. I. 

124 194 321 359 



162 357 
361 362 


42 359 365 









372 373 374 
377 378 379 

Smith's Hill, Prov., 30 
Smith's Methodism, 116 




Index to Names and Places 


Smith, 41 42 43 45 46 
47 49 50 72 82 
102 111 123 126 129 
130 131 132 134 135 
140 141 142 144 154 
155 158 160 161 195 
246 249 260 270 278 
287 288 299 302 307 
357 359 360 363 370 
371 372 373 374 375 
376 379 3S)4 - ' 

Snow, 161 376 

Iboeiety of Friends, 258 272 

Somerset Co., En^^., 294 

South Carolina, 417 

South Coventry, 47 

South Foster, U. I., 235 

South Kingstown, R. I., 

7 24 58 60 61 

62 63 65 m 67 

68 69 70 72 73 

75 76 77 78 79 

80 81 82 83 84 

85 164 174 178 180 

182 183 184 185 187 

191 192 193 194 197 

229 295 296 297 303 

381 382 384 385 390 

394 421 422 423 424 

South Main St., Prov., 26 

South Scituate, R. I., 260 

South Side, Chicago, 111., 5 

South-west Branch, 248 252 

Southwick, 376 

Sowle, 301 

Spanish Fleet, 396 

Spanish, 413 

Spain, 347 416 
Sparrow, ( sloop ) 19 
Spaulding, 49 127 253 377 
Spear, 46 374 377 
Spencer, 58 69 72 82 

247 256 258 263 264 

276 277 278 304 377 
Spicer, 271 
Spink, 215 
Spooner, 85 269 
Sprague's Tavern, 31 
Sprague, 45 48 53 126 

127 129 159 262 265 

266 271 369 372 374 

377 378 379 
Sprujt, 255 
Springfield, 111., 4 
Spring St. Ch. Phil., Pa., 8 
Spring St., Newport, R. I., 

Squire, 379 
Stafford's Hill, Mass., 227 

228 229 
Stafford, 227 278 
Stan dish, 379 
Stanley, 379 
Stanton, 24 74 82 303 

306 356 382 383 
Staples, 24 41 59 63 

160 365 370 379 380 
State Constitution, 277 
State Fair, 276 
State House, 202 
State Legislature, 277 
State Prison, 210 
Staten Island, 403 
Steadman's Brigade, 210 
Stedman, 31 


Index to Names and Places 

Steele, 121 122 133 
Steele, 41 46 48 49 

50 357 358 360 361 

365 371 372 379 390 

Stephen, L, 345 
Sterling-, 130 132 
Steri-y, 112 124 125 127 
Stetson, 275 
Stevensen, 287 
Stevens, 127 
Stewart St., Bap. Cli., Prov., 

Stewart, 12 20 50 
Stimpson, 366 
Stiness, 63 
Stoddard, 122 128 
Stone Factory, 246 
Stone Jug-, 246 
Stone, 46 236 237 256 293 
Stony Point Beach, Pt, I., 422 
Stonington Point, Conn., 191 

Stonino'ton, Conn. 

8 li 

66 67 68 70 71 
72 75 77 78 79 
80 83 84 167 168 
170 183 191 197 

Stoiighton, 341 

Stovyer, 158 

Straight, 124 133 

Stratford, Conn., 285 368 

Streeter, 365 372 379 

Strict Construction Party, 

StuartV 124 128 306 343 

Studloy, 364 

Styles, 349 

Sugar Colonies, 400 411 412 
Sugar Islands, 400 
Suisum, Cal., 3 
Sullevants, 284 
Sunday Journal, 217 
Sunday Telegram, 136 201 
Superior St. Cleveland, 0., 9 
Supreme Court, 272 424 
Surinum, W. I., 20 
Sutton. 70 82 
Swansey, Mass., 18 71 84 

112 355 
Swan, 25 2(3 27 29 30 
32 127 199 200 204 

206 207 208 361 
S wares, 216 
Swedenborgians, 265 
Sweden, 383 
Swedish Colony, 287 
Sweetland, 379 
Sweet, 122 126 132 278 

Symans, 126 

Taher, 18 44 375 382 383 

Taft, 45 47 159 208 371 
Taggert, 62 

Talbot, 48 50 362 364 376 
Tallman, 160 
Tanner, 244 263 
Tantemar Marshes, 112 
Tantemar River, 112 124 
Tantemar, N. S., 127 
Tarbox, 256 258 
Tatem's Church, 261 262 

Index to Names and Places 


Tatem's Meeting-house, 263 
Tatem, 261 262 
Taylor, 43 45 46 49 
50 81 82 126 158 

159 160 161 216 362 
363 366 375 376 377 

Tefft, 43 

Telegram, 209 

Telland, 129 

Temperance Societies,f257 

Tew, 265 

'ihanies St. Newport, R. I., 

Thatcher, 294 
Thayer, 377 
Thomas, 129 266 362 
Thompson, Conn., 31 47 

160 296 
Thompson, 2 160 371 
Thornton, 49 50 129 265 

Tlmrher, 112 122 124 125 

126 159 
Thurston, 303 352 393 
Tibbetts, 278 
Tiffany, 246 247 248 
Tift, 126 129 
Tilley, 245 
Tillinghast, 18 19 20 22 

61 63 243 263 
Tingley, 129 

Tin-top Bap. Church, 247 
Tin-top Meeting-house, 243 

245 251 
Titus, 160^234 376 379 
Tiverton, R. I., 59 60 61 
63 216 253 289 390 

Tobago, W. I., 411 

Toby, 103 

Tockwotton House, Prov., 

32 203 
Tony, 19 
Toogood, 126 
Tories, 90 
Torrey, 294 595 296 297 

Tortanham Court, Eng., 368 
Tortenhane Court, Eng., 282 
Toulon, France, 418 
Tourjee, 429 

Tower of London, 343 346 
Tower Hill, R. I., 182 186 

188 189 193 295 296 

Tower, 125 129 
Town Councils, 326 
Town St., Prov., 19 
Training Ground Prov., 205 
Traquin, Earl of 306 343 

349 354 
Trash, 159 
Trenton, ( ship ) 224 225 

Trinity Ch., Natchez, Miss., 

2 8 
Trinity Ch., Newport, R. L, 

298 299 316 
Trinity Ch., San Francisco, 

Cal., 3 
Tripp, 125 195 
Tristam Pond, 421 
Troy, N. Y., 85 
Trumbull, 56 
Tucker, 103 127 130 149 

195 363 


Index to Names and Places. 

Tuckett, 292 

Turner, 24 305 356 366 

Turpiii, 153 


Uhler, 255 
TJncaSj 35 
Underwood, 76 83 
Union Church, 235 256 
United Cohjnies, 32 315 

316 341 368 
United States Army, 392 
United States Congress, 305 
United States Constitution, 

United States Court, 2 
United States House, 388 

United States Senators, 277 

382 384 

United States Senate, 382 

383 388 391 
United States, 4 87 93 211 

282 388 389 391 392 
Upi)er Norfolk Co,, Va., 283 
Utrecht, treaty of 92 
Uxbridge, Mass., 82 160 362 

363 364 

Valley of the Pawtuxet, 256 
Vallejo, Cal., 3 
Van Buren, 234 
Van Diiersen, 420 v 
Van Duser, 292 

Venable, 14 

Verinder, 364 

Vernon, 429 

Vickshurg, Miss., 2 

Vickery, 128 

Victoria, ( queen ) 356 

Vinson, 3V)4 

Virginia, 283 284 287 415 

Vital Records of R. I., 367 

Voice of Masonry, 6 


Wage, 78 83 
Waide, 142 152 
AVaistcoat, 111 
Waistoc, 130 
Waite, 61 

Wakefield, R. I., 421 
Walcot, 125 299 
Walcott, 2 

Waldo Co., Maine, 73 
Waldron, 425 
Wales, 281 356 
Walker, 44 242 
Walley, 124 130 131 
Walling, 371 374 378 
Wall, 256 

Walpole, Mass., 161 
Walton, 60 
Wampoa, ( brig ) 221 
Wanipanoags, 426 
Wanton, 81 83 300 
Ward, 58 129 393 
Warner, 112 249 261 266 

Index to Names and Places 


War of Inclepencleiice, 112 
War Party, 392 
Warren Ass'ii, 242 265 270 
Warren Artillery, 26 30 31 

202 205 
Warren, R. I., 26 29 30 

62 63 202 203 394 
Warwick and Coventry Bap. 

Cliurcli, 247 
Warwick and Coventry Meet- 

ing-liouse, 242 
Warwick and E. Greenwdcli 
Free-will Bap. Cli., 270 
Warwick, Conn., 82 
Wrawick, history of 246 
Warwick, 49 58 59 60 
61 62 63 199 248 

267 272 275 277 303 

310 315 316 382 384 

385 390 394 
Wasamogae, 162 
Wascoat, 133 
Washington Co., R. I., 272 

Washington, D. C, 119 
Washington Ins. Co., 208 
i^^ashington, R. I., 234 236 

252 255 256 257 258 
Washington, 234 235 
Wastcoat, 124 134 
Watch Hill, R. I., 256 
Watchman & Reflector, 266 
Waterhoase, 251 254 
Waterman, 47 160 161 229 

236 267 277 278 303 

321 327 357 362 384 
Waters, 125 
Watmouth, 121 

Watson, 24 60 195 303 362 

Watts, 134 
Waud, 195 
Waunquash, 36 
Wayland, 214 276 
Wear, 125 126 
Weaver, 74 75 79 80 
83 123 195 196 303 
Webster, Mass., 162 
Webster, 49 
Weden, 132 
Weeden, 29 101 111 124 

134 135 298 299 300 

301 302 
Weeunkass, 39 
Weiver, 134 
Wekapauge, 35 
Wells, Vt.,'291 
Wells, 61 228 
Wenman, 122 
Weounkkass, 35 36 
Wescott, 42 
Wesley, 116 

Westcott, 62 267 272 278 

Westerly, R. I., 36 58 59 

65 70 71 72 73 

74 75 78 - 79 80 

82 83 164 180 181 

215 216 256 288 289 

384 385 390 392 394 
Western Ocean, 396 
West Falmonth, N. S., 104 

Westford, 293 
Westgate, 303 

West Greenwich, R. I., 62 


Index to Names and Places 

West India Islands, 395 

396 398 399 400 401 

402 407 409 410 411 

412 413 414 
West Indies, 367 
Westminster Abbey, Eng., 

Westminster St. Prov., 27 

203 253 
Weston, 267 
West Passage, 220 
Westqnage Beach, 221 
Westqnodnoid Purchase, 343 
West Side, Chicago, 111., 5 
West, 61 
Wetherby, 125 
Wetamoozo, 35 
Weunkash, 39 
Weybosset Bridge, Prov., 

Weybosset St., Prov., 27 203 
Weybosset, 18 
Weymouth, Mass., 294 295 

Wliale Rock, 221 
Whaley, 239 
Whalley, 237 238 239 
Wheaton, 246 
Wheat, 125 
Wheeler, 35 122 
Whitaker, 235 358 
Whipple, 44 45 126 140 

142 145 160 228 256 

257 369 372 374 377 
Whitefield, 113 118 
Whitehouse, 5 
White, 49 359 364 374 

375 378 431 

Whitman, 17 24 41 
125 148 250 256 
258 260 261 266 

Whitmore, 286 

Wickenden, 142 154 

Wickes, 272 278 

Wickham, 60 

Wier, 123 130 131 132 

Wievei, 126 130 

Wightman, 261 263 

Wigton, Eng., 70 



Wilbour, 59 62 

Wilbur, 42 63 66 


68 69 71 72 


74 75 76 80 


82 83 84 85 


173 177 196 197 


256 257 258 272 


293 360 370 371 


383 384 388 389 



Wilcocke, 281 284 

Wilcocks, 123 125 131 


282 284 368 

Wilcott, 281 

Wileoxes, 288 

Wilcoxon, 282 283 285 


Wilcoxse, 290 

Wilcoxs 282 284 

Wilcox, 84 130 135 


198 215 281 282 


285 287 288 289 


292 293 

Wilkesbarre, Pa., 293 

Wilkinson, 22 49 72 


142 161 198 361 


372 373 377 378 

Index to Names and Places 


Woodbury, 255 
Woodmansee, 215 
Woodman, 124 131 184 
Woodvalr, Pa., 278 
Woodward, 125 126 127 
vVoodvvortli, 122 128 134 
Wood, 40 121 122 123 

129 130 134 158 248 

249 303 358 365 
Woolhaber, 123 
Wooiia quatucl e; Valley, 

Wooi!Soket Patriot, 198 
Woonsocket Road, 31 
Wooiisocket, R. I., 31 49 

Worcestershire, Eng-., 282 
Worcester, Eng., 343 345 
Wordei), 73 85 227 228 236 
Wreiitliani, Mass., 363 
Wright, 48 110 261 370 

Wrottlesey, 419 
Wyoming Valley, Pa., 89 

X Y Z 

Yale College, 349 
Yankee, 219 220 221 225 
Yorke, 128 
Yorktown, Va., 419 
York, Va., 400 416 417 
York, 111 120 121 122 124 
Young, 119 120 125 126 
129 158 160 

Willard, 270 
Willett, 58 
WiUey, 3 
Wilmarsh, 359 
Williamstown, Mass., 229 
Williams, 18 21 22 67 
85 119 121 125 198 

213 256 258 267 287 

303 308 317 318 342 

354 355 375 379 
William & Mary, 322 
William the Conqueror, 344 

William King- of Scots, 349 
William, I., 329 
Willson, 295 296 297 
Wilson, 121 122 124 127 

128 134 242 245 
Wilmington, 111., 5 
Wilts, Eng-., 293 
Windham Co., Conn., 47 
Windsor, Conn., 285 
Windsor, N. S., 92 107 111 

112 119 120 133 
Windward Islands, JS. I,, 

398 410 
Wing-, 84 85 198 
Winslow, 93 366 
Winsor, 43 45 48 49 

158 159 260 301 357 

359 360 370 371 372 

374 378 379 
Wisconsin, 2 
Wolfe, 102 
Wolesley, 122 

Chicago, Iht,- 


^ Historical Magazine for the Peo-ple. 


PUBLISHERS. i $2 />er annimi \ editor. 

Vol. VII. Providence, R. I., January, 1889. No. 1. 



HE recent annual sfatlierino- of the various Masonic 
^\ grand bodies for Illinois, brings to view an active, 
(Jo^ time-honored member of several of its organizations, 
as well as of the Church, Rev. Henry Gideon Perry, M. A., 
of Chicago. Mr. Perry was born May 27, 1832, in Philadel- 
phia, Pa. His father was the late Reverend Gideon B. Perry, 
M. D., DD., LL, D., of the noted " Perry stock," of which 
the Commodores Oliver Hazard Perry and his brother Mat- 
thew^ Calbraith Perry are historical figures. 

Doctor Perry was for years connected officially with the 
Episcopal churches of St. Paul, Grace and St. James, Cleve- 
land, Ohio., and the founder of the first and last named par- 
ishes. He also officiated as chaplain at the inauguration of 
the naval statue in Monument square of the Forest city, erec- 
ted in honor of his kinsman, the hero of Lake Erie, Sept. 10, 
1860, with the honorable George Bancroft, the historian, as 

Narraganseit Historical Register. 

orator on that memorable occasion. At the sculptor Wal- 
cutt's request the subject of this sketch, in the artist's atelier, 
made the first stroke with mallet and chisel into the huge 
rough ashlar marble from which the sculptor afterward crea- 
ted the admirable work of art. Mr. Perry was at that time 
a member of the bar of the United States Court for the north- 
ern jurisdiction of Ohio. He received the rite of Confirmation 
at the hands of the Rt. Rev. Dr. Mcllvaine, Bishop of Ohio, 
at Cleveland; and subsequently, having left the law, as a can- 
didate for Holy Orders attended the Episcopal Divinity School 
in New York city, known as the General Theological Semi- 
nary of the American Church. 

With full qualifications, having received his degrees of 
Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts, in due course graduat- 
ing with honor as salutatorian at Kenyon College, Gambier, 
Ohio., he was admitted to the diaconate, in Mississippi, by 
Bishop Green of that Diocese, in Christ church, Vicksburg? 
and with his venerable father as rector of Trinity church, at 
Natchez, served the parish till a few years later he was pro- 
moted to the priesthood by the Right Reverend Jackson 
Kemper, D. D., Bishop of Wisconsin, at Nashotah. The 
Reverend Mr. Perry was presented for ordination by the Rev- 
erend Dr. Azel D. Cole, President of the Nashotah Divinity 
School, and the sermon was preached by the Reverend Hugh 
Miller Thompson, D. D., an old academy-mate of the candi- 
date. Rev. Dr. Thompson, was afterward rector of St. James' 
church, Chicago, and is now the Bishop of Mississippi. 

Subsequently, in the department of the Mississippi, at the 
military post of Natchez, during the War, General John M. 
Davidson commanding the Federal Forces, the Reverend Mr. 
Perry was acting United States Chaplain on the staff. 

L:FE Sketch of Rev. H. G. Perry. 

On call from California in 1866, the Reverend Mr. Perrj 
left via New York and Panama for San Francisco; and, after 
serving at Trinity cliureli in that city shortly assnmed sole 
editorial charge of The Pacific Churchman, the organ of the 
diocese, and only Episcopal paper then on the Pacific coast. 
Successful, and ready for work, at Bishop. Kip's Distance - 
acce})ting St. Paul's Rectorship, Benicia, next - the Reverend 
Mr. Perry undertook the broad field of Solano and vicinage, 
pastorally, including the Pacific Naval Station, Mare Island, 
near Vallejo, wdiere, as well, he occasionally officiated. Pro- 
moting the faith, he found co-operative friends in Captain 
James N. Greer, United States Navy, Colonel Julian McAll- 
ister, United States Army, commandant of Benicia Arsenal 
and Government Barracks; the Honorable Lansing B. Mizner, 
of State Congress; Samuel C. Gray, the Rector's Warden; 
Judge Thomas Brown, Doctor John M. Willey, and others. 
At Martinez, in Contra Costa, across Carquinez Straits from 
Benicia the Reverend Perry held stated services also, where 
now, as both at Vallejo and Suisun, are churches. Through 
his timely appeal and the generosity of a prominent citizen 
was secured the "ift of land for the church buildino- at Valle- 
jo, the Reverend Perry's first preaching there being at Free- 
masons' hall. While at Suisun he celebrated the first Epis- 
copal service ever held in that city, and led to the Bishop of 
California's first official visit there with him not long after. 
In the interest of The Pacific Churchman, further, as chair- 
man of committee on Church Schools in the Diocese, \\\e 
Reverend Perrv visited all important points, especially for the 
extended circulation of his paper as a right educational aux- 
iliary, and its recognized increasing religious usefulness to put 
church principles into exemplary practice. In this way he 
met and addressed the people of almost every parish in main 

Narragansett Historical Register. 

places, and at many of minor importance. Nor were such 
working churclily observations and kindred offices without 
their good result. 

The summer of 1868 brought the Reverend Doctor James 
Lloyd Breck, of Faribault, Minn., formerly the great friend 
of the Indians, • with Associate mission, to the Pacific coast, 
at San Jose. The locality proving unfavorable, upon the 
Reverend Mr. Perry's conference, advice and promise of co- 
operation to more firmly fix and assure the mission's success, 
Benicia College, then a secular school, with the sanction of 
Bishop and Clergy, in council, was purchased for St. Augus- 
tine's Collegiate Institute, now under the Bishop of Northern 
California's Presidency. The College went into immediate 
popular and effective operation, with its faculty - having 
voted their unanimous expression of thanks to the Reverend 
Mr. Perry, who commended the Parish church, Rectory, and 
Office he enjoyed to his honorable Reverend successor, and 
returned east upon regularly resigning such charge in order 
to do so. The Reverend Perry was deputy alternate-elect of 
tlie Diocese of California to the General Convention of the 
Episcopal Church of the United States in 1868, but did not 

In 1870 he terminated his connection with St. Paul's 
Church, ( now the Cathedral, ) Springfield, 111., which he had 
supplied, upon consecration to the Arkansas Episcopate of the 
Right Reverend Doctor Pierce, previously Pastor of the 
Parish. From the Wardens and Vestry the Reverend Mr. 
Perry received an engrossed copy of highest testimonial 
passyd and upon record, complimentary to him as a faithful 
Priest of the Church — one who had made friends of so many^ 
and among legislative representatives at the State Capital, 
where he had officiated as Chaplain in the house. Under 

Life Sketch or Rev. H. G. Perry. 

Bishop Wliitfeliouse, in cliarg-e o£ Greene and Jersey, having 
their respective County seats at Carrollton and Jerseyville, 
near Alton, 111., the Reverend Mr. Perry continued his cleri- 
cal labors, where fine church edifices under successive pastor- 
ates resulted. The work there under Bishop Seymour (since 
the division of Illinois into three Dioceses, as a Province, em- 
bracing Quincy, Springfield, and Chicago severally, ) has been 
successful; and settled Rectors officiate. Called next to the 
Church of the Redeemer, at Wilmington, the Reverend Mr. 
Perry maintained a vigorous Rectorate till assuming that of 
All Saints', Chicago, in 1872. Six years later he suspended 
work for a time, because of ill-health. In 1884 he instituted 
regular services for St. Paul's Episcopal Church, ( at the in- 
stance of the Right Reverend Doctor McLaren, Bishop of 
Chicago ) serving as Priest in cliiirge of the Church, now St. 
John's, till this year, when, a valuable lot of 50x140 feet 
having been bought on Exchange Avenue, " South Side," a 
new church building is contemplated, and he retires on ac- 
count of his residence in Chicago, making his home on the 
" West Side" in the city. 

Mr. Perry is devoid of bigotry, an active churchman, a 
good reader, earnest, effective speaker, and serves the faith 
with unflaop-inor zeal in all weathers. With the motto: 

no o 

" Better to wear out than to rust," 
he presses on, although laboring- under bronchial and nervous 
troidjles. As evidence in part of the arduous nature of his 
labors, aside from many other duties, sermons, addresses, etc., 
he has officiated during his ministry at more than 650 bapt- 
isms, 400 funerals, and 200 marriages to date. 

His eloquent address at the reunion of the Chicago Alumni 
Association of Kenyon College and semi- centennial celebration, 
and liis poem on later occasion of their annual meetino- were 

6 Nauragansett His'iorical Register. 

both printed. This Association he organized in 1877, and 
was its first President and as yet, continues an active member. 

Mr. Perry invoked the muse in early life. When a young- 
man, numbers of his choicer compositions, set to music, were 
})ublished by leading houses. His " Phantasy, or Real and 
Ideal," read commencement day ])efore the joint Literary 
Societies at Oakland College, Mississippi, was printed in book 
form by its members. His " Collegiate Olympiad," a serio" 
comic, written in under-graduate days and read before the 
Philomathesian Society, ( of which President Rutherford B. 
Hayes was a member Avhen at Kenyon College, ) is a very 
humerous portrayal of the four years of college life. The 
manuscript was found among the Philomathesian library 
archives years after Mr. Perry had passed beyond the college 
walls, and ])ublished by the students. Irrespective of prose, 
Mr. Perry's poetry alone would make a full volume. Some 
of his writings have been widely copied in this country and 
across the great waters, as, for instance, his " Cable Tow," 
from T]ie Voice of Masonry, to llie Masonic Becord, 
published at Allahabad India. His " Triple Tie," in the 
past twenty years has appeared in as many different publica- 
tions, far and near. 

Known amon2' Masons as illustrious and excellent brother, 
the Reverend Mr. Perry is a Knight Templar, Past Prelate 
of Chicago Connnandery, No. 19, of Illinois, and a Sublime 
Prince of i\\Q Royal Secret, or Thirty-second degree of the 
Aufient and Accepted Scottish Rite ]Mas(ms, and Chartei- 
Member of the Consistory at San Francisco. He is also 
Grand Chaplain of the Grand Council of Royal and Select 
Masters, of the State of Illinois; Past Grand Master of Siloani 
Council, Royal and Select Masters, Chicago; Prelate of Chi- 
cago Conclave Knights of Red Cross of Rome and Constan- 

Life Sketch of Rev. Dr. G. B. Perry. 7 

tine; Honorary Member of The Grand Royal Arcli Chapter of 
IlHnois; Chaplam of Washmgion Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons of Chieag-o; Chaplain of Ashlar Lodge, No. 308, Chicago; 
Grand Representative of Michigan Masonic Grand Council, 
Royal and Select Masters; Chaplain Masonic Veteran Associa- 
tion of Illinois. 

The Reverend Henry G. PeiTv resides at No. 79 North 
Oakley Avenue, Chicago, where he is always glad to see his 
friends, socially or professionally, and of every degree of the 
Masonic fi'aternity or otherwise. 


The Rev. Gideon Babcock Perry, M. D., D. D., LL. D., 
who died at his residence, Hopkinsville, Ky., Sept. 30th, 
1879, in the seventy-ninth year of his age, was buried from 
Grace Episcopal Church, of which he was Rector in that city 
since 1866, till incapacitated for duty by reason of continued 
and extreme sickness. The Rev. Dr. Perry was born in South 
Kingstown, Rhode Island, October 12th, 1800, and, as of 
historic interest, notably of the old Perr}'^ stock, the last 
surviving kinsman contemporary of Commodore Oliver Haz- 
ard Perry, hero of the battle of Lake Erie. Their fathers 
being brothers, and the sons born in the same room, at the 
family homestead, the two were brought together thus boy- 
relatives attached to each other from the first. The incipient 
naval commander, in fact, at one time so won upon his 
younger kinsman that but for parental interference he had 
joined him to the American Marine in his country's service, 
mere lad ns he was, yet full of the " fire of '76." 

8 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Home persuasions however, prevailed; and the subject of 
this sketch, being- duly prepared, was sent to Hamilton 
College, New York; - after his graduation and theological 
course, as minister taking charge at Brookfield, N. Y. In 
1823, the Rev. Perry married Miss Abby Brown, youngest 
daughter of Nathan Stewart, Esq., of that place. In 1824, Dr. 
Perry was called to the broader field of Stonington borough, 
Conn., and officiated there till in 1827, assuming the impor- 
tant charge to which he was chosen in New Bedford, Mass., 
and thence, three years later, to old Spruce Street Church, 
Philadelphia, Pa., retiring from his ministry there in 1834, 
on account of impaired health, and seeking the West. Re- 
newing his labors in 1837, having removed to Canton, 111., 
( where a place of worship was established by him and he also 
edited The Canton Refjister ), the Rev, Dr. Perry successive- 
ly ministered afterwards at Alton, 111., for a number of years, 
shortly at St. Louis, and, in 1843, was recalled to Philadel- 
phia, remaining in that city till, taking residence in the Dio- 
cese of Ohio, admitted to orders by the Bishop, in 1846 the 
Rev. Doctor took charge of St. Paul's Parish, Cleveland, 
Ohio, and as its first rector was in office some ten years up to 
1854, from then officiating at Grace Church, in the same city, 
till 1857, when the Rev. Dr. Perry organized as Rector, St. 
James' Parish, of Cleveland, also, now one of its attractive 
churches of steady growth and prominence. As next called 
to Natchez, Miss., in 1858, he became Rector of Trinity 
Church, and resided there as such till his resignation in 1866, 
the year subsequently accepting a call from Grace Church, 
Hopkinsville, Ky., his last parochial charge, and place of de- 

As noteworthy,a word especial of St. Paul's, Cleveland, Ohio, 
may not be inaj^propriate here. In prime of life and useful- 
ness, the Rev. Dr. Perry was called to this new charge, then 

Rev. GIDEON B. PP:RRV, M. D., D. D., hh. I). 

(From his portrait at the age of fifty-nine.) 

Mrs. ABBY brown PERRY. 
(Wife of the Rev. Dr. G. B. Perry. From her likeness at the age of forty-three.) 

Life Sketch of Rfv. Dr. G. B. Perry. 

of St. Paul's, Cleveland, Ohio, as its first pastor - a Parish 
without church edifice - just organized thus, and holding- 
services in the large hall ( old " Seneca Block " ) on Superior 
Street, below the Public Square. Under Rev. Dr. Perry's 
Rectorship St, Paul's steadily grew in numbers and strength 
till erecting on the original site, ( Euclid Avenue and Sheriff 
St., ) a handsome house for divine worship; - destroyed, how- 
ever, by fire before its occupancy. Through the Rev Dr. 
Perry's direct and effective energy though, and soliciting aid 
from his friends East, as well as at home, the necessary funds 
were raised to erect the second church building;, so secured 
during his pastorate of St. Paul's. In 1874 the Parish de- 
ciding upon a remoter point from the business centre, the 
property AViis sold, and, with the avails ( $ 115,000 ) contri- 
buting towards the total outlay, provided the present splendid 
St. Paul's, corner of Euclid and Case Avenues. By invitation 
of the rector, wardens, and vestry, at the farewell services 
held in old St. Paul's Church, April 19th, 1874, the Rev. 
Dr. Perry ( then of Hopkinsville, Ky., and in his 73d year, ) 
preached the last sermon within its sacred walls, as he had, 
rdso, t\iQ first discourse at its opening twenty-seven years be- 
fore. On this memorable occftsion of final services, the Rev. 
Dr. Perry's sermon ( from Acts xii, 24: " The ivord greiv 
•find midt'qjlied," ) was illustrative of wherein the force of 
God's word consists; and, logically, that its characteristics 
snust ever afford it the same power and influence for good, 
when perseveringly taught and practiced. He passed on then, 
biiefly, to the Parish whose beginning, providentially, was 
under hnn, as instancing forcibly what the word of God was 
yet, cOS it had been, graciously effecting, and how it could and 
Heaven helping, still would nmU'qjly to His great glory and 
the salvation of souls. The venerable preacher's words of 

10 Narragansett His'ioRiCAL Eegistor. 

" parting " were toueliiiigly descriptive of tlie feAv iiioinents 
left to tliem for divine worship in tlie old edifiee of wliicli 
more than a quarter century previous he had laid the corner- 
stone. Many of the Rev. Dr.'s old personal friends and par- 
ishioners wer(; present, glad again to hear his sound sentiments 
and strong tones, and to see that passing years had left so 
much of ingor in the right line, characterizing him as ever 
the same acceptable, powerful preacher of the Word. As the 
last sermon thus in that church by him wdio presided over the 
Parish at its birth and had preached at its first service, it 
was certainly of intrinsic value and significance that the 
crowded audience expressly appreciated. It is instanced 
among the finest of the veteran Rector's most interesting- 
efforts that so many came to hear, and for the last time thus 
in his former home Parish of the Forest " City," of Cleveland. 
More than fifty years in the Christian Ministry, it is im- 
possible to enumerate the host of services, baptisms, commun, 
ions, marriages, burials, and other offices by him rendered in 
over half a century's vigorous occupation. By those tied to 
liim in friendship, as to thousands throughout the land from 
Massachusetts to Mississippi, and Pennsylvania to Missouri, 
who met and heard him with admiration, the Rev, Dr. Perry 
was known as a man of marked ])ower, religions cultnre and 
ability. It was the expression of Bishop Mcllvaine, himself 
eminent for golden speech and graceful mein, that the Rev. 
Dr. Perry, as a natural orator and logician, to wdiom he ac- 
c )rded most hearty appreciation, was rarely excelled, if eqnal- 
ed. But few of its divines stood higher in the Church, for 
pulpit eloqnence especially, clear, commanding Gospel expo- 
sition, and forensic force; and, notwithstanding liis deafness, 
for energy, influence and success in quite every variety of 
work. He was sought and esteemed for these, aside from 
love and devotion to him for his manly virtues in a long busy 

Life Sketch of Rev. Dk. G. B. Perry. 11 

life, not devoid of opposition, at times befalling many another, 
and above all, one of positive eminence, for good, with execu- 
tive will, that feared not the face of man nor mere opinion of 

In addition to the customary first degrees, those of D. D., 
and LL. D., were conferred upon him by respective Colleges 
of Learning, and after due course of study and lectures in 
medicine and surgery, that of M. D., from Jefferson College, 
Philadelphia - Dr. Perry for some years practicing both 
with success and distinction. 

The Masonic 3Iirror, long published at Philadelphia, 
contains discourses from him, while as a Knight Templar he 
gave the address upon occasions of assembly by the order in 
Ohio, and for other Masonic bodies at intervals in New Eng- 
land and various places with great acceptability. Among 
his most popular efforts were those at institutions of science, 
and before Literary Societies, by numbers of which he was 
elected to honorary membership, and for his interest in behalf 
of education, ever an active worker, public-spirited and pract- 
ical in his views. His life, in fine, wjis full of earnest for the 
common good, and sterling effort to the last. 

Through fifty-five mature, eventful years a kind husband, 
the exemplary citizen, loving father, true man, pastor and 
friend, he pursued his way and kept the Faith. At his ob- 
.sequiL;S the Priest of the Church ( Rev. Charles Morris ), with 
him almost daily during final illness, testified to his triumph- 
ant death: " A true Soldier of the Cross - I believe if ever 
one was ir.ost fully prepared to meet his Mak^r. and fuid rest 
in the bosom of God our Savior, it is the beloved and rever- 
-end brother whose form is in the casket before us." 

Tlie attendance was crowded at the funeral services in the 
Parish Church, which was heavily draped about the chancel 

12 Narragansett Historical Register. 

and coliiiiins, and the altar, lectern and pnlpit arranged with 
chaste floral designs, and emblems appropriate to the high 
office of the venerable deceased. Dnring* the hymns " Asleep 
in Jesns " and " Hoav firm a foundation ye Saints of the 
Lord," and anthems chanted, and at the eulogy, the congre- 
gation was visibly affected. Every class and denomination 
of people were present, a tribute of unfeigned regret for the 
loss that was felt. The bearers, ten in number, the best 
members of the Parish and large community, friends, neigh- 
bors and brethren, with their own hands j^erformed the last 
rites of Christian sepulture. At the grave, during the Coin- 
mittal Office, a rainbow of singular beauty appeared in the 
sunny sky, and, over-arching, remained so, resplendent, till, 
after the concluding services, the cortege left the cemetery. 


After a brief illness, at the family residence, Hopkinsville, 
Kentucky, July 14, 1887, Abby Brown Perry ( nee Stewart) 
relict of the Rev. Gideon B. Perry, D. D., LL. D., closed a 
beautiful life of eighty-two years less five days, and a residence 
of twenty years in that city. Miss Stewart, a native of 
Brookfield, N. Y., was married to the Rev. Dr. Perry in 1823. 
For fifty-five years she served faithfully with her distinguished 
husband iu the " Vineyard of the Lord," doing- memorable 
service at important charges throughout the country, as at 
various points in New England and New York; also at Phil- 
adelphia, Canton, Alton, St. Louis, Cleveland, Natchez, and 
other cities. Since the death of her husband ( formerly rector 
of Grace Church ), in 1879, she led the same faithful life of 
usefulness. She was the mother of four children - Oliver 

Life Sketch of Mks. Dr. Perry. 13 

Hazard Perry, M. D., deceased, the Rev. Henry G. Perry, 
M. A., of tlie CLicago Episcopal Clergy, Willis G. Perry and 
Emily B. Perry at the homestead ( Miss Maria Efnor, foster- 
daughter, residing- with them ) in Hopkinsville, Kentucky; 
the last four named bemo- with her when she died. 

Mrs. Perry was a most amiable character — kind, true, 
sympathetic, quiet in her charities, cultured, and constant in 
duty. As wife, mother, friend and " for the Master's sake," 
she was ever devoted, sincere and consistent, bearing her years 
bravely to life's very decline. When the tidings of her last 
illness became known, her home was the scene of deep grief, 
and tender anxiety to a large number of her immediate social 
circle. She had so endeared herself to all, that old and young 
were manifestly solicitious for their venerable friend and 
companion, so that even the children of the vicinity would 
«eek her sick room to cheer and soothe her all they could. 
Such is the happy record of a noble, well-spent life in behalf 
of what was ever eleva,ting, refined and worthy - a life not 
all gone out, but whose silent surviving influences for good 
will long be felt and remembered among those with whom 
she came in contact - from first to last, the multitude met in 
more than four score years. But the best cannot remain with 
lis forever. At the morning hour of four o'clock the final 
summons came. Peacefully the soul took flight for the eter- 
3ial, and the gloom of a great sorrow, not without prayerful 
hope and comfort, fell upon the {ifflicted ones. 

Rest with the saints whose race is run. 

Whose virtues track their flight to heaven; 

The goal is gained, the victory won; 

To thee the palm, the crown be given, 

Which conquerors in that region wear, 

Where all is lasting, bright and fair- 

14 Narragansett Historical Register. 

The funeral services took place the Saturday following- in 
Grace Episcopal Church, the Rev. Jolin W. Venable, rec- 
tor officiating" in the burial office, with a chaste review of the 
life and character of so exemplary a parishioner and revered 
communicant in the Christian faith. The hymns sung were 
favorites of the deceased: " No change of time shall ever 
shock my firm affection, Lord, to Thee," and " Jesus lover of 
my soul." At the cemetery elegant and appropriate floral 
offerings were laid upon the grave by tender hands of those 
who loved her best in life. And thus, with the evening shad- 
ows just as the sun sank in the west to crown another day 
in time's eventful course, all that remained of the cherished 
dead was left " at rest," for her pure spirit had passed into 
the Paradise of God. 

In Memoriam of Rev. Gideon B. Perry, D. D. 

I find no fitting words to represent 
My recollections of so dear a friend, 
Admired in youth and followed to the end 
Of his long life with loving sentiment: - 
A fine physique, high brow and classic face; 
A voice of matchless melody and tune; 
Resjjonsive as ^Eolian chords in June 
To all the harmonies of " truth and grace:" 
No lips I ever heard, like his could reach 
And stir the inmost fountains of the soul 
To i)enitential tears beyond control 
By the subduing eloquence of speech; - 
In city church or country chapel rude 
His word was grace, a sweet beatitude. 

Sonnets by Rev. Dr. A. G. Palmek. 15 

In Memoriam of Mrs. Abby Browx Perry. 

I well remember lier, a liappy bride, 

But womanly, matured, graceful, and fair. 

Her tliouglitrul brow, crowned with a wealth of hair, 

And dignified in mien, her husband's pride; 

A lady born, queenly and beautiful. 

By perfectness of form, nor less in grace 

Of countenance and loveliness of face, 

Intelligent, devout, and dutiful, 

Alas that age, relentless in decades, 

Should be allowed to waste youth's rosy hue 

As fresh as flowers yet wet in golden dew 

And bleach to snowy whiteness girlhood's braids — 

But wasting time, nor blighting sickness more 

Shall mar her beauty on the immortal shore. 

The foregoing choice tributes to the Rev. Dr. Perry and his 
wife, are from the pen of the Rev. Albert G. Palmer, D. D., 
of the First Church, Stonington, Conn. Dr. Palmer, recently 
celebrated his fiftieth year in the sacred ministry and the thir- 
ty-fifth anniversary of his pastorate there. He was an old 
and devoted friend of Dr. and Mrs. Perry from the outset of 
t]:eir married and public life. Such tributes and from so 
eminent a source, most appropriately close their respective 
memoi i:ds. 

These life-sketches and likenesses will prove of interest to 
the wide circle of family friends and acquaintance. East 
especially, irrespective of kin. It was our intention to do 
this some thne since, but the present, after all, appears both 
fitting and opportune. The Editor, 

16 Narragansett Historical Regikter. 

Legend of the Pi2)ef<tone Quarrj/. This blood red 

stone has a peculiar significance, and is an object of venera- 
tion to the Indian. Since taught by " Manitou " ( the Great 
Spirit ) warlike tribes have gathered liere in peace, to v/orship, 
dig the stone and smoke the cauimet. Relics of cam|)s nuiy 
be traced in great numbers, by the stones placed in circles, 
now nearly buried from sight, except when prairie fires sweej) 
over them. Legends say that a remnant of red men were 
driven from a deluge to the top of this rocky crest, where an 
eagle had built her nest, and that the rising waters swallowed 
all but one maiden, wlu) clung to the eagle for safety. When 
the waters receded, the Great Spirit found a clilf of rocky 
warriors turned into sliining jasper. In solemn wrath he 
vowed that henceforth the tribes should meet here only in 
peace, that no war wlioop should be heard, no bow and arrow 
or tomahawk should be seen at this rendezvous, but hereafter 
the tribes should assemble here each year to wash off their 
war paint in the lake, bury the hatchet and smoke the peace 
pipe, in token of which the maiden and war eagle should 
sacrifice a milk white bison - a raie a'ld sacred beast, Jiud an 
object of ceremonious and mysterious sacrifice. 

It was laid on the altar of jasper, when lo 1 the flames of 
heaven descended, as lightning, connecting the stem of Man- 
itou's pipe with the altar from whence rose sweet incense, the 
blood of the sacrifice staining the crag a crimson stain. The 
eagle also joined in the compact by leaving five eggs, which 
turned into huge bowlders of stone, watched over by two 
female genii, who remained in the grottoes between those 
eggs and alternately sleep and watch the sacred quarry. Then 
Manitou broke open the quarry for his children, and taught 
them how to carve the calumet and smoke it as a pledge; 
after which h(^ left his own impress on a commanding pinna- 
cle of rock in tlie form of a human face an;l then vanislied 
from their sight. From Avier'ican Magazine. 


By John 0. Austin. 

C kF^ ^^ paternal ancestors of the gifted poetess, Mrs, 
Whitman, for six generations had borne the name of 
Nicholas Power; but with her death that particular 

line became extinct, as she had no brother to perpetuate the 


The many admirers of Mrs. Whitman's writings will find 

some measure of interest in a brief genealogical tracing of 

this lineaoe. 

1. Nicholas Power, of Providence, R. I., died there Aug. 
25, 1657. His wife's name was Jane, and she was living in 
1667. In 1640, he with thirty-eight others signed a compact 
for good government; in 161:9, he was Constable; in 1650, he 
was taxed £ 1; in 1655, he was on a jury; and in 1656, he 
was Surveyor of Highways. His will was made by the Town 
Council ten years after his death, as he, " by reason of ex- 
treme sickness and sudden death, made no will." His widow 
Jane was given the dwelling house and half the cellar that 
.she built, with house lot, &c., and at her decease her son 
Nicholas was to have the house and lot, and her daughter 
Hope, other land. Otlier provision was made for her, and 
for the two children at age, 

Nicholas Power and wife Jane had: 

2. i Nicholas, ( 2 ) b. 

ii Hope, ( 2 ) b. 1650, m. James Clarke, of Newport, 
R. L 

18 Nakragansett Histohtcal Registek. 

2. Nicholas (2) Power, ( Nicholas, 1 ), of Providence, R. L, 
died Dec. 19, 1G75. He married Feh. 3, 1672, Rebecca 
Rhodes, daughter of Zachariah and Joanna ( Arnold ) Rhodes. 
She married for her second husband, Daniel Williams, son of 
Roger Williams, and died in 1727. 

In 1670, it was voted that he " be entered in our Town 
Book a purchaser, as by his father's purchase right," &c. In 
1672, he was voted 10s. for apprehending an Indian. He 
was killed in the Great Swamp Fight in Narragansett, by a 
shot from the command with which he was serving. In this 
battle over a thousand Indians and more than two hundred 
Englishmen were killed and wounded. 

Nicholas Power and wife Rebecca had: 
i Hope, ( 3 ) b. d. young. 

3. ii Nicholas, ( 3 ) b. 1673. 

3. Nicholas ( 3 ) Power, ( Nicholas, 2. Nicholas, 1. ), of 
Providence,, R. I., born 1673, married first Mary Haile, of 
Swansey, Mass.; married second Mercy TilUnghast, daughter 
of Pardon and Lydia ( Taber ) TiUinghast. He died May 
18, 1734. His second wife was born 1680, died Nov. 13, 
1769. He was a merchant, and at one time was called 
Colonel. In 1701, he bought a house lot in lower end of the 
town, of Daniel Williams, for good satisfaction. He was 
Deputy to the Legislature in 1704, 8, 22, 23, 30. In 1705, 
he gave £3. toward a new bridge over Providence river, and 
in 1711, he with another was appointed to build a bridge at 
Weybosset. He was a member of the Town Council in 1713, 
21, 29, 30. He was Assistant in 1720, 21, 24, 25, 26, 27, 
28, 29, 31, 32, 33. In 1721, Captain Nicholas Power and 
others were addressed in a letter from three prominenf Pres- 
byterian ministers of Massachusetts, who sought to establish 

The Powek Family. 19 

a churcl. of their faith in Providence. In 1733, he ™s 
Appointed on a conunittee to hnild a new j^ul honse^ He 
3e hi. will in 1732, proved in 1734, malung h,. w>fe Mercy, 
uul son Nicholas, execntors. He made nnmerons legacies o 
: fe Id to married and unmarried children. To son N.h- 
„la. he gave "my dwelling house wherem I now dwell &c., 
sited on west side of Town street. He provided for a 
wtg place in home lot where some of his relatives were 
b rled to be for that use'- for my children and grandchddren 
Seneiation to generation." Henow lieshnnedni No.h 
Burial Gwinnd. His inventory amounted to A 17ol, 13s. 
3d including live stock, sloop "Sparrow" £ 100, negroes 
Cuffy, Tony,, and Peg; three hogsheads of molasses, 
toWo, bacon, apothecary drugs, three sti Is, hops, cheese- 
;;. three guns, silver hilted sword, ivory head.l cane,^J- 
canters, wine glasses, plate and silver money £ 17o 13s. .Id., 
i mill, boohs, &c. The rooms mentionec we., great 
ower room, dining room, kitchen, bed room httle bed room 
s e. chamber, ... e. chamber, n. w. chamber, httle so. th 
chamber and garret, besides ware house, coper s shop, &c. 
i ameof Hope ceased in this Hue the death o 
his dauoLter; but through her marriage with B.^own it 
lus (iauj,ni , o families of Brown, 

T 'etdirS yS—l. Thename of Nicholas 
i'tl.0 ghde^i-a soon to cease in the Power line, was 
S luvAy desce..dants i,. the Brow,, and T,ll.ngln.t fain- 

ilies. , 

Nicholas Power and wife Mary had: 

i Mary, (4) b. m. Daniel Cook, Feb. 4, 1714. 

Nicholas Power and wife Mercy had: 

.. TT ( \ \ 1. Tnii 4 1701, m. James Brown, 

ii Hope, ( 4 ) b. Jan. ^, ^'^ ? 

Dec. 21, 1722. 

20 Narraganseit Historical Reghsier. 

iii John, ( 4 ) b. Apr 7, 1702, m. Martha . He 

d. Feb. 18, 1772, at North Providence, R. I. 

iv Joseph, ( 4 ) b. ni. Jane Diana . He was 

a "mariner" of Newport in 1741, later of Boston. 
V Anne, ( 4 ) b. Dec. 12, 1707, m. 1st. John Stewart, 

May 25, 1724; m. 2nd. George Laws, 
vi Sarah, ( 4 ) b. m. William Burroug-hj Apr 1, 

4 vii Nicholas, ( 4 ) b. 

viii Lydia, b. m. Carr, of Newport, R. I. 

ix Mercy, ( 4 ) b. m. Hezekiah Sabin. 

4 Nicholas ( 4 ) Power, ( Nicholas, 3. Nicholas, 2. Nich- 
olas, 1. ) of Providence, R. I., married Oct. 31, 1734, Anne 
Tillinghast, danghter of Philip and Martha ( Holmes ) Til- 
linghast. He died at Saramaribo, Snrinam, Feb, 27, 1744. 
His wife was born April 13, 1713, and died after 1744. 

He was a merchant and distiller. In 1743, he and his 
mother Mercy, and wife Anne, sold to Captain John Brown, 
of Newport, for £ 3,300, ten acres and barn therewith, a six 
acre orchard, and " dwelling- house wherein I now dwell," 
warehouse, still, &c. His widow took administration on his 
estate. Inventory, £ 1042 9s. 6d; viz: books £ 10; silver 
money £ 24, watch £ 15, books and notes £ 441 12s. 6 d. 
clock, coffee mill, &c. His daughters Anne and Mary, are 
buried in the North Burial Ground. 

NichoLis Power and wife Anne had: 

i Elizabeth, ( 5 ) b. Jun. 8, 1736, m. Joseph Brown, 

Sept. 30, 1759. 
ii Anne, ( 5 ) b. Feb. 10, 1738, d. Apr. 21, 1813, 

iii Mary, ( 5 ) b. Apr. 6, 1740, d. Mar. 3, 1799, 

The Power Family. 21 

5 iv Nlcholm, ( 5 ) b. Apr. 5, 1742. 

5 Nicholas ( 5 ) Power, ( Nicholas, 4. Nicholas, 3. Nicholas, 
2. Nicholas, 1. ) of Providence, R. I., horn April 5, 1742, 
married April 20, 1766, Rebecca Cory, daughter of William 
and Mary ( ) Cory. He died January 26, 1808. His 

wife was born in 1747, and died October 29. 1825. He was 
a merchant and ropemaker. In 1771, he and his wife receiv- 
ed a deed from her father of dwelling house, &c., providing 
care was taken of grantor's wife if she outlived him. 

In 1774, he and others were appointed Directors of the 
lottery for raising £2,000, to purchase a lot and build a 
house for the Baptist Society in Providence. In the same 
year he was appointed on a town committee to see that the 
aofreement entered into at the late Continental Consress be 
faithfully adhered to. In 1775, he was appointed to prepare 
six field pieces for use of the Colony. In 1781, he " manu- 
mitted and set free " his negro man Prince. He was a mem- 
ber of the Town Council in 1784, 85, SQ, 87, 88, 89. He 
made his will in 1807, proved in 1808, making Ephraim 
Bowen, Jr., son Nicholas Power, and son-in-law William 
Blodgett, executors. He made legacies to wife and children; 
mentioning also, grand-children Nicholas Williams and 
George Williams, the children of deceased daughter Sarah 
Williams. He gave a life support to Comfort Arnold (widow 
of Joseph Arnold ), who was a sister of his, wife. To son 
Nicholas and heirs, he gave land south side of Power street, 
at death of testator's sister Anne, At death of wife certain 
real and personal estate was to be divided to children. He 
and his wife are buried in North Burial Ground. 

Nicholas Power and wife Rebecca had: 

22 Nakkagaksett Histobical Registek. 



Snrih ( ) b. m- D'^"'^ K- Williams, Aug. 

14 J 796. HeAvasof Charleston, b. O. »ne 
died before May 1807. 
Mary Ann, ( 6 ) b. 1777, m Wilbain B o^^^^^ 

Jr Apr. 30, 1800. She died Dec. 1,1840. 
Kebecca, ( 6 ) b. ni. 1st. Charles James A.r, 

Oct 23, 1801. m. 2nd. Joseph Leonard lil- 
linghast, Nov. 3, 1815. She died Oct. 18, 
1860, and was interred at Georgetown, i). ^., 
where her son Nicholas Power Tillinghast was 
6 Nicholas ( 6 ) Power, ( Nicholas, 5. Nicholas, 4 Nich- 
olas', 3. Nicholas, 2. Nicholas, 1. ) of Providence, R I., born 
Sep 15, 1771, married Augnst, 1798, Anne Marsh, daughter 
of Daniel and Susannah ( Wilkinson ) Marsli. H-hed Apr 
28 1844 His wife was born March 10, 1772, and died 
Feb 23 1858. He was a merchant, and bore the title ot 
Major dm-iug part of his life. March 12. 1803, the amionnce- " 
ment was made that "William Blodgett, Jr., and Nicholas 
Power, Jr., have formed a commercial connexion under the 
firm Blodgett and Power." Their store was on, 
uear the Baptist Meeting House. In 1803, the firm adver- 
tised English, India, Scotch and other goods stating that 
thev intended to close their retail business, and that hy earli- 
est arrivals in the fall they would receive extensive importa- 
tions of English and other goods from manufacturers direct, 
purchased mostly for cash and selected by one of the partners 
on the spot. In 1805, they oifered for sale white linen and 
cotton thread. No. 10 to No. 100; hrown linens and sheetings, 
fancy handkerchiefs, sprigged and plain book nuLshns, white 

The Power Family. 23 

and fancy colored candirics, calicoes, cotton and silk hosiery, 
dimities, cotton gloves, cliambray muslins, blue and yellow 
nankeens, black India lute-strings, satins, sinchaws, &c. Hard- 
ware, rosin, pitch, bright and black varnish. Soon after they 
offered " at low prices and accommodating credit," dry-goods, 
hardware, &c., at wholesale. At one period they offered an 
assortment of groceries, &c., including 100 boxes spermaceti 
candles, 9 boxes Havana white sugar, 8 hogsheads Muscovado, 
5 hogsheads molasses, 7 hogsheads tobacco, 100 hogsheads 
New England rum. 50 barrels fine and superfine flour, 50 
barrels ship bread, 4 casks Carolina Indigo, 25 boxes real 
Havana sugar, 50 bundles patent screw hay ^' double the 
usual quantity in same bulk," &c. Between 1808 and 1810, 
they had frequent auction sales. In 1812, the partnership 
appears to have teiminated. He was absent from Providence 
much in later years. This he alludes to in the inscription 
on the tombstone erected by him to his mother's memory. 

The inscription reads thus. " In memory of Rebecca Cory 
wife of Capt. Nicholas Power. She died on the 29, Oct. 
1825, in the absence of her only son, who has caused this 
monument to be raised to mark the long neglected grave of 
an affectionate mother. 

" Can storied uvn or animated bust 

Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath? 
Can honor's voice provoke the silent dust 
Or flattery sooth the dull cold ear of death? " 
Erected 1812." 

The last Nicholas Power and his wife, and daughtei-s, 
Sarah Helen and Susan Anna, are buried near each other in 
North Burial Ground. 

Nicholas Power and wife Anne had: 

24 Narragansett Historical Register. 

i Rebecca M. ( 7 ) b. 1800, in. William Read 

Staples, Nov. 27, 1821. She died Sept. 14, 

1825. Two children died young, 
ii Sarah Helen, ( 7 ) b. Jan. 19, 1803, m. John 

Winslow Whitman, of Boston, July 10, 1828. 

She died Jan. 27, 1878. No clnldren. 
iii Susan Anna. ( 7 ) b. Feb. 1, 1813, d. Dec. 8, 

1877. Unmarried. 

Thejir>^t Town Council of the Tovjn of South Kingstown 
elected in 1723 consisted of Job Babcock, John Watson, 
Ichabod Sheffield, William Gardiner, Jonathan Turner, Isaac 
Sheldon. The Town Council consisted of six members until 
1799, when the number was increased to seven, the present 
number. S. H. Allen. 

An incident of the devolution. — John Fordice of Rich- 
mond, R. I., married Dec. 6, 1764, Elizabeth Stanton, It is 
said that John Fordice, son of a Scotch Emigrant, had come 
from Nova Scotia to Rhode Island and there married Eliza- 
beth Stanton, and lived in Exeter, R. I., or there-abouts. 

John went out of doors one evening to get some wood, saw 
some persons lurking about and being Tory, feared harm or 
impressment into the service of the patriots, he quietly depar- 
ted for Nova Scotia without informing even his family. Eliza- 
beth, his wife, after a long absence on the part of her husband 
and believing him dead, niarried again and had two children. 
Finally John came back, picked up an armful of wood, and 
walked into the house( must have been s(,mething of a wag ). 
Finally, by agreement between all parties, Elizabeth went back 
to her first husband. They about 1800 settled at Earn ham, 
Province of Quebec. B. I. Stanton. 



Fede7ril Hill and Chepachet. 
By James C. Sioan. 

, , TfcJAyiNG seen an article in the April nnmber of this mao-- 
lyL azine which gives so meagre an acconnt of some of the 
^ ni) principal actors in that nnfortnnate affair, the " Dorr 
War," that the writer feels impelled to offer for publication 
a few additional notes, giving in detail several quite important 
transactions. Being one of the soldiers who marched np 
Federal Hill, and also to Chepachet, he now presents what 
may be of nse to the futnre historian, should he wish inform- 
ation in regard to these two adventures not previously pub- 

At the early hour of one o'clock in the morning of Tues- 
day, May 18th., 1842, many of the people of Newpoit were 
aroused from their slumbers by the firing of cannon and beat 
of drums; an express having arrived from Gov. King to Col. 
William B. Swan, of the Newport Artillery, with orders to 
muster his company without delay and embark for Providence 
in a steand)oat which had been dispatched for that purpose. 
The order was promptly obeyed, and a part of this company 
with a few volunteers, numbering officers and privates, thirty- 
eight men, and two field pieces, were soon on the way to 
Providence, where they arrived at about eight o'clock, having 

26 Nakkagansett Histohical Register. 

stopped jit Bristol, taking' from that plaee tlie Bristol and 
Warren Artillery company's. The landing' was at India Point. 

A few of the officers and a nrmiher of the men belonging to 
the Newport Artillery, did not on that morning answer to 
their names at roll-call; some of them when warned postively 
refused to appear, others excnsed themselves on political 
grounds, conscientious scruples and sickness, while others, 
who would have appeared, were too far away to hear the sig- 
nals, which by special orders, were the firing of cannon. 

The summons was from ihe Governor of the State oF Rhode 
Island, who (ailed upon them as good citizens, to aid in sup- 
pressing an end)ryo rebellion against the lawful authority of 
the State of Rhode Island, under the leadership of Tliomas 
W. Dorr, who, with about two hundred men, had, with stolen 
cannon and other war material, ass;^nd>led on Federal Hill; 
a commanding position on the west si<le of the (ity of Provi- 

In years previous to this event in the history of Rhodr! 
Island, there had been (piite a rivalry r.mong the several 
military organizations as to whicli one of them; without much 
reference to the date of tlieir Charters; was tntitled to th<' 
rif/hf; known among military men as the post of honor as well 
of dangei'; but at this particular time, when the object for 
which tlu y were assembled was lor a, nijitter of far greater 
importan /e than a " dress j asade;'' tliere were no eager aspi- 
rants for tl:a.t position. 

When ('ol. Swan, at the head of his c<;mman(l entered 
South Main, street, a ])art of the military c(mipany's of the 
city of Providence were in open order drawn u]) to receive 
them. Between these lines, followed by the troops fr<mi 
P>ii,-t(>l and Wancn, {lu> I lii]h-<ight men witli their two field 
nieces uiarelied, ese<)ite<l I»\ tile PioN ideiiee Kiist Light Inlaii- 

The Newpo/it Artillery in 1842. 27 

try, commanded by Col. William W. Brown. The column 
continued its march to the bridge, which it crossed, and enter- 
ed Westminster street as far as Orano-e street, throuo-h which 
it passed into Weybosset street, and when near City Hotel a 
halt was ordered. After a short rest; the troops formino- a 
line along- the curbstone; Col. Brown, approaching Col. Swan, 
said, '' The right belongs to you. Sir." Col. Swan assured 
him that he was aware of it, and immediately formed and 
marched the Newport Artillery past the Pro\ddence First 
Light Infantry. The march was now resumed, and it was at 
this moment that Col. William Blodgett, of Providence, com- 
mander of the division, was seen marching by the side of 
Col. Swan, and when federal Hill was reached, a halt was 
ordered, during which it was arranged, as a precautionary 
iind doubtless strictly military measure, that all the troops, 
except the Newport Artillery, should take positions near 
the foot of the hill while the fate of that company was pend- 
ing, who, from the threats made by Dorr and his men, were 
marching to certain destruction. Dorr's guns loaded nearly 
to the muzzle with ball, and scrap-iron obtained at machine 
shops, were pointed towards the road which they were to 
ascend, and every man knew what might be expected. At 
this critical moment, wlien Law and Order, and Anarchy and 
Disorder, were trembling in the balance; Col. Blodgett, said 
to Col. Swan, " Will your men falter?" Col. Swan answered 
" No ! " and instantly gave the order, " Forward men." They 
alone witli their cannon, amid the jeers and insults of a co- 
wardly mob, nuirched up the hill to within a short distance 
of Dorr's battery. 

This was the first exhibit, and a brave one; that Mr. Dorr 
and his followers had thus far witnessed, of even the slightest 
attempt on (he part of the authorities of the State of Rhode 

28 Narbagansett Hihtouical Registok. 

Island, by an aggressive movement; ( before this all had been 
snbmissive, ) to frustrate their evil designs against its Luvs 
and institutions, — now represented by men who had eome 
determined to maintain them at all hazards. 

In froyt of them, m battle array, stood Dorr's army, some 
of the men with lighted matches in their hands stjinding near 
their guns, waiting for the order to fire, which their com- 
mander did not give, for the reason that he and his men saw 
before them proof quite positive, tlia,t there might be "" blows 
to take as well as give," and rather than try the issue, sought 
refuge in the teachings of that old and true ntaxim; " discre- 
tion is the better part of valor," they were anxious for, and 
did propose a peaceable settlement. 

'Not far distant from the two forces there soon appeared 
several persons in consultation, and prominent among them 
was Gov. King-. Burrington Anthony, a supposed ambassa- 
dor from Dorr's camp was also there. After quite a lengthy 
parley between these parties, it was made laiown to the sol- 
diers then present, that the Dorrites had, through their am- 
bassador, promised to return the cannon and other stolen 
property, then in their possession, belonging to the State, 
and beccme pccd " LaAv and Order " abidino- citizens. 

In view of the vain boastings indulged in by Mr. Dorr and 
his warriors, of the valiant deeds they were reiidy to perform 
iu defense of their cause, it was an inglorious surrender of 
everything, except the principle for which they had unlawfully 

Shortly after this very satisfactory arrangement was said to 
have been made between the authorities of tlie State of Rhode 
Island ::nd i;.s rebellious subjects, the Newport Artillery l)y 
order ol" Col. Blodgett, marched to Providence First Light 
Infantry Armory, where they remained until night, when they 

The Newport AirriLLEiiY m 1842. 29 

performed picket duty near the Arsenal. Nothing having 
occurred during the night to disturb the quiet of the people 
of Providence, who, from what we ourselves witnessed, were 
greatly aJarmed; the Newport Artillery returned to Newport, 
the next day, arriving about o, P. M. For only a day and a 
half did this campaign last, and happily ended without blood- 

From that time up to June 24tli., the whole State of Rhode 
Island, particularly the northern })art of it, was seriously dis- 
turbed by the greatly exaggerated rumors of what Mr. Dorr, 
with an ill a})pointed force, of, perhaps five or six hundred 
men, armed and unarmed, with the very doubtful promise of 
live thousand others, composed of the very lowest dregs of the 
city of New York, might possibly attempt. Their headquar- 
ters were at a rudely constructed fort on Acotes Hill in the 
village of Ohepachet. 

After the return of the Newport Artillery from Federal 
Hill, it was immediately reorganized; Col. Williani B. Swan 
still in command, Charles D. Weeden, Lieut. Colonel; William 
A. Coggeshall, Major; all delinquent officers and men, who 
failed to appear on the morning of May 18th., were stricken 
from the rolls, and, witliin a month, by new accessions of the 
besc material in the town, with a few volunteers, the company 
numbered one hundred and twenty-five men. 

On Friday moining, June 24th., J842, Col. Swan received 
orders to appear with the New^port Artillery, in the city of 
Providence, without delay, and within two hours they embark- 
ed from Long Wharf in a steamboat sent for that purpose; 
stopping at Bristol and Vfarren for other troops; arriving in 
Providence about 6 P. M. Quarters were furnished in Provi- 
dence First Light Infantry Armory. 

Saturday, June 25th., by order of Major Geiieral, Anthony, 
all the troops in the city; about fifteen hundred; were ordered 
to appear on Benefit street, in the afternoon, for inspection. 

30 Narragansett Historical Register. 

At 3 P. M., tlie Newport Artillery marched from their 
quarters to the place ai)pointecl, taking their position on the 
right. The troops took r^p the line of march to h'mith's Hill, 
where they were inspected and reviewed hy Major Genera^ 
McNeal, and then dismissed to await fnrther orders. At 9 
P. M., the Newport Artillery and the Providence First Lioht 
Infantry were ordered to Smith's Hill, from thence they mov- 
ed ahont one and a half miles from the city of Providence, on 
the road to Chepachet; sentinels having heen placed in ad- 
vance, the main hody took possession of two harns and a 
bleachery. Nothing of importance occurred during the night, 
-m tl ( n ( iui] o the two c< mpany's returned to the city. 

On Sunday, June 26th., at one P. M. Col. Swan received 
orders to be in readiness to march to Scituate, ten mil as from 
Providence, on the following morning - Monday. Under his 
connnand were the Newport Artillery, Bristol Artillery, Capt. 
Pearce, and Warren Artillery, Capt. Fessenden; to l)e accom- 
panied hy a troop of Cavalry under c<;n;mand of Gen. Gihbs, 
numbering in all, about three hundred and fifty men, and five 
field-pieces; the three company's arn.ed as Infantry. They 
arrived at Scituate about 5 P. M., where they encamped. The 
night was dark and stormy, rain falbng in heavy showers, 
di.ring which a part of the command was sent on an expedi. 
tion in search of a rebel camp, Avhich was not found. Soon 
after midnight the whole command leaving Scitnate started 
for Chepachet, where their advance guard, composed of men 
drawn from the Warren troops, arrived a few minutes past 8 
A. M., meeting the scouts from Col. Frown's division, who 
had preceded them about ten minutes. The main body of 
both divisions arrived shortly after, both of whom liad learned 
from prisoners taken on the road, that Dorr and his troops 
had fled from the fort on the afternoon of Monday June, 27, 
;ome twelve hours previous to their arrival in the village 

The Newport Artillery in 1842. 31 

Tlie Newport Artillery was quartered in the village church, 
the Bristol Artillery, in a large dwelling- opposite Spraonie's 
tavern, and the Wairen Artillery in the mansion of Col. 

At 5 o'clock ?. M., Gen. Stednian's hrigade arrived in the 
village from Foster, bringing with them a few prisoners. At 
the same hour a number of the troops returned to Providence 
])y way of Greenville. 

On tlie morning of Wednesday, June 29th., all the troops 
in tlie village were making prepai-atious for leaving, except 
the Newport Artillery, which was directed to i-emain at their 
quarters until recalled. Finding themselves honored with 
the duty of protecting the rear of the returning army, they 
immediately placed sentinels on the road leading to Woonsoc- 
ket, and also to Thompson, Conn., and no man allowed to 
leave the camp without a pass. 

At 11 o'clock, the guard reported that a body of insurgents 
was approaching the village, on the Woonsocket road; directly 
the drum beat to C|uarters, the men stood to their arms, 
matches lighted and everything arranged to give them a warm 
reception. Being stopped by the guard, they were found to 
be from Siatersvill© and h;id come to offer their services to 
the government. This being made known to the Colonel, the 
order was given to st;ick aims and dismiss the company. 
An hour hiter a body of infantry was seen marching into the 
village on the Scituate road, the company was again called 
to arms; and a messenger sent to ascertain wdio they Avere^ 
reported them to be the Burrillville and Foster volunteers, 
upon which the company was again dismissed. 

At 2.30 P, M., the Newport Artillery received orders to 
it'j)ort iii Providence, sixteen miles distant, wliere tliey did 
not airiv'j :\]\il\ late in tlu^ <lav. takin;'- up (;i:artery iji tJic 

32 Narragansett Hisiorical Register. 

Tockwotteii House. The next inorning they returned to 
Newport, aii'iving at 12 o'ch^ck. 

The second division of State troops under command of 
Coh William W. Brown, left the city of Providence at a later 
hour than did that under Col. Swan, having- a iiiee turjipike 
all the way instead of a rough country-i'oad over which the 
first division had to march. They encamped at Greenville, 
where they remained until ahout midnight, when they com- 
menced their march towards Clie})achet. Their scouts led hy 
Col. George Rivers; who Avent in carriages, reached the fort 
on Acotes Hill at ahoiit 8 o'clock on the morning of Tues- 
day, .lune 28th. This leader of the scouts was seen by Henry 
Lord, an unarmed man, and the only one in the fort, who 
went down the hill to meet him. Col. Rivers asked him, 
" Will they fire?" Mr. Lord answered " No ! there are no 
troops in the fort." Col. Rivers then went up the hill; a few 
scouts following, gave three cheers and took possession of the 
fort. There was no resistance for there were none to make any. 

On the near approach of the State troops a very large num- 
ber of the people of Chepachet; particularly the women and 
children, terror stricken, fled, they hardly knew whither, leav- 
ing everything behind them; the doors and windows of their 
houses wide open, and food on their tables spread for the 
morning meal left when only slightly partaken of. 

Police arrangements by the diti'erent connnands were enter- 
ed upon and at once commenced the search for persons known 
or suspect3d of having belonged to Dorr's army; much the 
greater number of them however, were either running away 
or secreting tliemselves; an endeavor shared by those who 
were; unfortunately for them, taken captive on the roads lead- 
ing from Chepachet. 


The Newport Ahjillery in 1842. 33 

There were a Imndred or more prisoners taken in and 
around the village, and the next day, when ready to leave that 
place, their arms were pinioned behind them with bed-cord 
passed from one man to the next, tying each platoon together 
from eight to ten abreast. In this humiliating condition they 
were escorted to Providence, sixteen miles distant, on a hot 
summer's day, by troops under command of Col. Brown, and 
when that city was reached ( so the official account says ), 
they were occasionally halted and exposed to the scorn and 
derision of the crowds which throno-ed the streets. 

At many points in this triumphal march, this gallant escort 
Avas from many a door and window greeted with the waving 
of handkerchiefs, and smiles of welcome from hundreds of 
mothers and daughters, who looked upon these men as having 
saved them from the vile assaults of a ruffian soldiery, who, 
as an incentive to deeds of violence, were promised the " Banks 
and Beauty of Providence." In some places along the route, 
fair hands, with fairer flowers, profusely decorated Col. Brown 
and his soldiers. 

That somethino' lauohable often attends even the most 
serious affairs in which people willingly or unwillingly engage 
is pretty well known, and to show that " the Dorr War," was 
not entirely exempt from such incidents, we quote the follow- 
ing untruthful, and in its fullest sense, bombastic order in 
relation to the assault and capture of the fort and village of 

" Orders, No. 54, Headquarters &c. June 28th. 1842. 
The village of Chepachet and fort of the insurgents were 
STORMED at quarter before 8 o'clock this morning, and taken 
with about one hundred jjrisoners, by Col. William W. Brown; 
none killed, and no one wounded, &c." 

34 Nauuagaxsett Histouical Register. 

A most ridiculous story. 

Dorr's fort, so called, on Acotes Hill, as a military position 
was wholly untenable; its front, facing the principal road 
leading to Chepacliet, is liigli and commanding, but its rear 
was unprotected and easily assailable. A breast-work of earth 
was slightly thrown up, but insufficient to protect the men. 
There were seven iron cannon, three and six pounders, badly 
mounted on ox cart wheels and axles, and no other armament, 
except a bent bayonet and. a few rusty pikes, with some can- 
non cartrido'es and ball in a wa<>on. There were a dozen or 
more tents standing, the marquee having been burned down, 
the fire still smoulderino-. There was not a soldier in the fort. 

This is a true statement of the condition o.f the fort on 
Acotes Hill, and its equi}>ments on tile morning; of Tuesday, 
June 28th., 1842, falsely said in orders No. 51, to iuive been 
stormed and taken on that day. 

Thomas W. Dorr, and his followers abandoned the fort on 
Acotes Hill on the afternoon of Monday June 27th., and the 
original letter stating that fact was intercepted and in posses- 
sion of Gov. King and council and suppressed by them from 
Monday evening until Tuesday forenoon, as set forth iu the 
official account. 

The interce'pted letter. 

Glocester, R. I., June 27, 1842. 

To tlie publish'.^rs of '•' The Express," Providence, R. I. 

Having received such information as induces me to believe 
that a majority of the friends of the Peoples Constitution 
disapprove of any further forcible mciisures for its support; 
and believing tb;it a conflict of arm.s would therefore, under 
existing circumstances, be but a })ersonal controversy among 
different portions of our citizens, I hereby direct that the 
military liere assend)led be dismissed by their respective officers. 
T. W. Dorr, 


Petition of Weounkkass to the King. 35 

The above letter was handed to its rightful owners at noon 
on Tuesday, June 28th., and permission given to publish it. 
Its circulation did much to allay the intense excitement then 
prevailing- in the city. It was also, an assurance that this 
most miserable attempt to subvert the government of the 
State of Rhode Island had utterly failed. 


By Klchard A. Wheeler. 



I send you the following paper, recent- 
ly copied from the original in the British Museum, 
for the purpose of showing that the suncsquaw Weounkkass 
the Niantic Indian Queen, did not reign for life, but only 
until her half brother Ninegrut, Jr., became of age. 

Catopeli, alias Catapeset, to whom she alludes as a Pequid- 
ington( or Pequot ), was such only by his father Harmon 
Garret, being appointed by the Commissioners of the United 
Colonies in September, 1655, Governor over the Pequots 
then residing at Pawcatuck and Wekapauge. Weounkkass 
father Ninegret. had an older brother Momojoshuck, or Wet_ 
amoozo, and was the father of Harmon Garret, and grand- 
father ol* Catopeli. Ninegret married far his first wife his 
brother Momojoshuck's daughter, and she was the mother of 
Weounkkass, the Niantic Queen. It is not certainly known 
who Momojoshuck married. Some have supposed that she 
was in some way related to Uncas the Mohegan sachem. The 

36 Narragansett Historical Register. 

said Cominissioiiers, in 16G2, decided that the sachemdom of 
the Niaiitic Indians vested in Ninecraft alias Ninegret, ( who 
had man-led Momojosluick's dangliter ), on account of his 
being of tlie whole blood, Harmon Garret's mother being a 
stranoer, defeated his claim to the sachendom. But he would 
not surrender his title to the lands of his fathers, and l)y his 
wall he gave them a)id the Indian royalties of his tribe to his 
son the said Catopeli. 

Ninegret, seinor, by his second wif«* had a son Ninegret, 
who succeeded Weounkkass, on his twenty first birthday, 
and was known and recognized as the Chief Sachem of the 
Niantic Indians. 

The action of the Connecticut Government to which We- 
ounkhass alludes, refers to an act of the General Court of that 
Colony passed in 1676, by which Ninegret's daughter We- 
ounkkass, and her men, and Harmon Garret and his son Cat- 
opeli alias Catapeset, and their men, were given liberty to 
hunt and plant together upon a tract of hind called Moshow- 
unggamunck, now in Westerly and Charlestown, on condition 
that all the men of both parties should be enrolled. This 
action of the Connecticut Colony Weounkkass considered an 
invasion of the territory of her dominions, and hence her pe- 
tition to King- Charles as follows. 

. From New England, Original Papers, Volume 51, 1679 - 
1682. ( Folio 23, pencil; 77 ink. ) 

To his 1-iJxceUent 3lajestie Charles the spcoikI of Great 
Brittan jf'ranee and Ireland K'nuje <{'-c. 

Petition of Waiuiquasli Sachim Squa Queen of 

Petition of Weounkkass to the King. 37 

May it pleas your Majtey. 

That whereas wee haiie had Infoimacioii not only 
])y your late Comicinors who were in our parts; namly in the 
Narog-anset Countrey in New England to settell the peac and 
^\' el If are of the inhabitant boath English and Ingions in thees 
})arts; and they declared unto us that it was your Majties will 
and pleasuer that us the heathen and Natiues of the Land; 
showld Injoy Common justice and Equiti as well as the Rest 
of your subjects in thees parts; as did now fully appear by 
the presents sent by your Majtes to the Chief Sachems af the 
Narogansett and Nihantick Cuntries as allso their presents 
sejit to your Ma^tesas as pleciges of their submicion to your 
Royall person and Goverment it not Avithstanding sum of tlios 
Sachems Contrary to their great and larg promises haue taken 
from it, and Rais'd up a bloddy war in thees parts not only 
against English but allso against us: May tharfor pleas your 
Majtes to take furder notis that our father was the great and 
Chefist sachem in the Nihantick Cuntries who was much 
sought too far to joyn with the Rest of the Ingions in the 
late was against your subiects In thees parts but Could Never 
be parswaded to it although much sought unto; allwaies Re- 
membering his faithfuU Allegane to your Majtes; so to the 
utmost of our fathers Ability while he lived he was not want- 
ing in strenghting boc;tli his heart and his Arm in helping to 
supres the publick hemerng who for want of truth seated in 
their Hearts Ros up in Rebellion against your Majtes subjects 
iu thees parts and according to thar desearts Reciued a just 
Recompenc, our father NeNegrat by nam deceased Befor the 
Avar was fully Ended and Left me as Cheef iu his Room un- 
till my younger Brother did Com to agge; and with all did 
giue me speciall Commandement to be tru and faithfull To 
king Charles. 

38 Narragansett Historical Register. 

May it tliarfor pleas your Majtes to take this my applica- 
eion and Humbell peticion unto your searioies Consideracion; 
that notwithstandinp- alltliouoh wee haue bin faitlifull and 
tru to your Royall person as Tliowsands in this Land can 
wilhiess owe desart is littell minded hy sum for f'he Gover- 
ment of Conecticut haue hiu of hite indeavoring- and still ar 
indeavoring- to bring one Catopeli apequidington To make 
him Equall with me in the Lands in the nihantiek Cuntrey in 
your Majtes Provinc the which when your Majtes Connnicin- 
ors wear hear and sine wliils my father lined durst not ap- 
pear witli any such pretences l)ut it do plainly apear the 
Intencion of sum is in bring in this Ingion too be no better 
then too defeat Boath your Majtey and my self of our iust 
Riglits and had not Mr. Randall Holden & Mr. John Green 
Brought your speciall order which Caus'd Conecticut Gouer- 
ment to withdraw from your Provinc I beliue my selfe and 
peopell had bin Brought very Low if not too notliing l)y this 
time; and this is not all thar ar otliers That Lays Chum to 
your provinc or the primest part of it; by Mognge others 
Lay Claim By Purchase; so that thar is so much deseiglit all- 
ready wrought and working so that if your Majtes and your 
g'reat Counsell under you do not take speede Cear hear is 
likely to be greate Trobell in your provinc for thar ar so many 
striufing for it that in the menntime the pore suffar for want 
of land; But as it hath jdeased your Majtes to settell us of 
late under the Goverment of Road Hand so wee desier it 
may be still Continued whear Avee can Expect Equall Justice 
According to your known will and pleasuer thus Heartily 
desiering and Begging that your Majtey will be pleased too 
Cans all uniust pretenders to withdraw; and be jtlcas'd to 
settell us in peac on Thos lands that wee haue inioyd in peac 
for thees many years and wear settelled hear by your late 

Petition of Weounkkass to the King. 39 

Coiiimessinor and left by tliem in peac Thus hoping for a 
joyfull Retern wee shall Trobell your Majeste no furcler; But 
shall subserib; your faithfull and Constant subject to the ut- 
most of my power .... 

Weeounkass the Queen in tlie Nihantick 
Cuntrey in the Kings Province in New 


The mark CvT/ of the Queen 

with the Consent of her Counsell. 

This is a tru Interpretacion 
of wliat the Queen declared 
as a test Job Babcoek Interpretar 

April 4th. 1680. 

Endorsed: The Petition of Weunkash 

Sacliim Squa or Indian Queen 
of the Narragansett. 

Reed the 30 June 1680 

From> The Penduhtm, Feb. 15, 1889. — The Narragansett 
Historical Register for October has been issued, and is an 
interesting number. Among its contents are articles upon 
" The Stone Worshipers/' the " Richmond To^Yn Records," 
" A Heroine," The Dubertus Caught," The Record of Old 
Smithfield," " Two Early Rhode Island Steamboats," and 
" Who Saved the Providence Records ? " Our readers Avill 
doubtless appreciate the series of historical papers which Mr. 
Arnold, the Editor of the Historical Register is contributing 
to the Pendulum. 

40 Nareagansett Hisiohical Register. 

EUery SanforcVs Testimony. — Bristol, In the County 
of Bristol & State of Rhode island; Elery sanforfor of Bristol 
in the state of fors'd Testafyeth and saith that sum time in 
the fore Part of Aprell Last as He was Retuining- from His 
Brother ThomriS Perkes Descovered a Boy Driving- a Horse 
in a Cart with a Small Quantity of Loding- Therein and the 
Horse appeared to be Bent and on his refused to Draw said 
Lode the Boy Fell to Beating said horse Whin 1 the said 
Sanford observed to the Boy that He didnot Yonse his horse 
Well But the Boy still Prosisting Drove the horse Forward 
about Thre or for Rods, when said Horse stoped said Boy 
Thin fell to Beating said Horse when I anbrading- Him for 
his Conduct, Pie Returned Me. for answer that His farther 
.owned sd horse and That He had him in his Cear therefore 
he had a Right to Youse him as he Pleased, I still plead 
for said horse whin sd Boy Returned for answer, Dam you. 
Mind your own Business. I saw Mr Ebenezer Edson then 
approachin and I stoped till He Came up He thin Repreman- 
ded said Boy for his abuse to said horse, and with the asset- 
ance of Myself and sd Edson we got the Horse out of The 
mud. the said Edson then Drove To my house, about Twen 
Rods and tlier Put up said hoise utterly against sd Boys will 
and Mr Edson then informed Me that the sd Boy Was son to 
John Bowen of Rehoboth This was Betwen Sunset and Dark 
according to appearanc ( as it Tlu^i Raned ) 

Ellery Sanford. 
Bristol Augt 27th 1794. 

Copied from the original in possession of Benjamin N. Wood 
Esq., Providence, by Myron S. Lewis. 

1732 to 1850. 

Ihj the Editor. 

Conthnied from VoJ. VI., j^^fff^ 372. 



Page Thomson ( Tliiirogeii ), and Benjamin Inman, Oct. 16, 

Pain Benjamin, and Anna Arnold, ( 2nd. wife ); m. by Val- 
entine Whitman, Jnstice, Dec. 24, 1731. 
" Benjamin, and Amie Mowry ( 3d. wife ); m. by Thomas 

Sayles, Jnstice, Nov. 2, 1734. 
^' Benjamin, of Smithfield, and Jemima Eston, of Gloces- 

ter ( 4th. Avife (; m. by John Smith, Justice, Apr. 30, 

'' Presilla, and Samuel Aldrich, Aug. 21, 1740. 
" Mercy, and John Phillips, Apr. 25, 1744. 
" Trephenah, and Hezekiah Steere, Sept. 23, 1744. 
" Rebecca, and Ezekiel Sayles, May 14, 1749. 
" Sabina, and Mannassah Kempton, Nov. 17, 1751. 
" Sabina, and Mannassah Kingston, Nov. 17, 1751. 
" Arnold, and Judith Staples; m. by Thomas Arnold, 

Justice, Sept. 19, 1754. 
" Elizabeth, and Jonathan Sayles, Aug. 24, 1755. 
" Gideon, and Sarah Man; m. by Stephen Sly, Justice, 

Oct. 26, 1755. 

42 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Pain Mary, and Philip Mowry, Jan. 18, 1756. 

'■'■ William, and Sarah Hawkins; ni. by Stephen Sly, Jus- 
tice, Nov. 23, 1757. 
" John, and Martha Cook; m. by John Aldrieh, Justice, 


" Urania, and Nathaniel Mowry, Jan. 9, 17()0. 

" Sarah, and Samuel Aldrieh, Oct. 5, 17()0. 

" Abigail, and Ananias Mowry, Sept. 20, 1764. 

" Sarah, and Thomas Newman, Nov. 22, 17(i(). 

" Margery, and Barnard Chace, May 24, 1707. 

" Phebe, and David Mowry, Nov. 8, 17(37. 

" Abia, and John Sayles, Jr.n. 31, 1774. 

'' Benoni, of Benjamin, and Martha Wilbur, of Danie ; 

m. by Caleb Aldrieh, Justice, Apr. 10, 1774. 
'' Jonathan, and Amie Whitman; m. by Uriah Alverson, 

Justice Feb. 8, 1776. 
•' Prusha, and William Aldrieh, Apr. 18, 1776. 
•' Joseph, of Benjamiu, aiul Ruth Wilbur, of Daniel; m. 

])y Uriah Alverson, Justice, Dec. 20, 1781. 
" Bezeleel, of Benjamin, and Martha Phillips, of Daniel; 

m. by Uriah Alverson, Justice, Mai. 25, 1784. 
" Obed, of Benjamin, dec, and Levina Smitli, of Rufus; 

m. by Uriah Alverson, Justice, Oct. 7, 1784. 
" Bela, of Benjamin, dec, and Ruth Latham, of Joseph; 

m. l)y Uriah Alverson, Justice, Nov. 7, 1784 
" Ladon, of Benjamin, dec, and Elizabeth Wescott, of 

Nathan; ni. by Rev. Edward Mitchell, Nov. 15,1787. 
" " Cyrus, of Benjamin, and Elizabeth Mowry, of Philip; 

May 1, 1794. 
" Arnold, Jr., of Arnold, ami Anna Aldrieh, of Thomas, 

m. by Joel Aldrieh, Justice, Apr. 30, 1795. 
" Marcy, and Steplien Smith Mathewson, Dec. 17, 1798. 

Old Smithfield Records. 43 

Pain Haiiiiali, and Stephen Arnold, Jr., Jnne 5, 1800. 
" Abi, and Natlian Comstock, Jan. 1, 1801. 
" Joanna, and Stephen Comstock, Jan. 1, 1801. 
" Sterling-, of Bela, of Smithfield, and Sarah Eston, of 

Bnrrillville; m. by Elijah Arnold, Jnstiee, Jnly 28, 

" Elizabeth, and Stephen Mowry, Mar. 19, 1809. 
" Alpha, and Wanton Mowry, Jan. 1, 1812. 
" Cyrene, and Arnold Aldrich, Dee. 19, 1816. 
"■ Joseph, and Sarah Smith, of Rnfus; m. by Samuel Hill, 

Justice, Feb. 8, 1818. 
'' Arnold, and Waitey Tefft; m. by Henry S. Mansfield, 

Justice, Apr. 1, 1824. 
" Jonathan, of Benjamin, dec, and Hannah Smith, of 

Oliver; m. by Thomas Man, Justice, Nov. 3, 1830. 
" Sarah, and James Phetteplace, Feb. 10, 1831. 
" Nancy, and Rol)ert W. Coe, Sept. 12, 1833. 
'^ Julianna, and Morton Phetteplace, Nov. 28, 1833. 
^' Albert H., and Caroline -M. Bancroft; m. by Nicholas 

S. Winsor, Justice, Nov. 10, 1839. 
^' George W., of Johnston, R. I., son of Asel, dec, and 

Mary B. Hoyie, of Henry, of Smithfield; m. by Rev. 

Reuben Allen, Nov. 14, 1839. 
'' Ruth M., and Joseph R. Ballon, Oct. I, 1840. 
^' Smith W., of Wilber, and Mahala Remington; m. by 

Ephraim Sayles, Justice, Mar. 21, 1841. 
^' John C, of Bnrrillville, son of Smith, and Ann F. Car- 
penter, of George C; m. by Obed Pain, Justice, Nov. 

12, 1843. 
'' Laura M., and Edwin H. Busliee, Dec. 1, 1813. 
" Nelson, and Phebe D. Mavis, both of Burrillville; m. 

by Rev. T. A. Taylor, Jan. 25, 1844. 

44 Narragansett Historical Regisier. 

Pain Mary Ann, and James M. Adanis, Oct. 31, 1844. 
" Emily, and Elijah T. Man, Jan. 1, 1845. 
" Naomi, and Jefferson Remington Sept. 28 1848. 
Palsey Nancy M., and Simeon B. Whipple, Jnly 30, 1840. 
" Henry, of Adam, and Maiy D. Gould, of Tabeas; m. 

by Rev. I. J. Bnrgiiess, Nov. 11, 1847. 
" Cynthia A., and Joshna S. Clarke, Dec. 7, 1848. 
" Wheaton, of Adam and Lydia, and Lydia A. Walker, 
of William and Lydia; m. by Rev. 1. J. Rnrgness, 
May 24, 1849. 
Parker Rosannah, and Mowry Barnes, Oct, 2, 1836, 
Parsons Nathaniel L., of Dedham, Mass., and Lonisa Hongh, 
of Smithfield; m. by Rev. Tlnmias S. Rogers, Jnne 
13, 1843. 
Passmor Elizabeth, and Benjamin P. Taber, Jnly 8, 1845. 
Patterson Ellen, and Joseph Ingraham, May 2, 1843. 
Patt Lydia, and Robert Latham, Jnne 10, 1756. 

'' Olney, of Jonathan, of Johnston, R. I., and Lydia Aid- 
rich, of Ishmeal, df Smithfield; m. by Benjamin 
Hall, Justice, Sei)t. 9, 1810. 
" Susan, and Gideon Mowry, Dec. 12, 1842. 
" Mary A., and Francis Cntlei, Sept. 13, 1845. 
" Ephraim W., of Cuml)erland, son of Jacol) and Sally, 
of Smithfield; and Nancy B. Balcome, of Luna and 
Hannah; m. by Rev. Warren Lincoln, Apr. 14, 1850. 
Pearce Hannah, and Isaac Taber, Oct. 8, 1809. 

" Lonisa B., and Edward 'Cranston, Nov. 28, 1828. 
" Joseph C, of Smithfield, son of Joseph, of Bridgewa- 
ter, Mass.; and Alviia Andrews, of Arthur, of Smith- 
field; m. by Simon A. Sayles, Justice, July 2, 1843. 
" Desdemoni, and William H. Allen, Nov. 7, 1847. 
Pearson Jenkins, of Providence, and Janette S. McDougall, 

Old Smithfield Record. 45 

of Smithfield; m. by Rev. Edwin Leigh, Auo-. 14, 
Peckham Laura A., and Gorton N. Hayward, Jan. 27, 1841. 
Peckring Hannah, and Abraham Loja, Jr., Feb. 5, 1748-9. 
Vevk Nicholas, and Rachel Spragne; m. by Thomas Sayles, 
Jnstice, Feb. 18, or June 10, 1739. 
" Jerusha, and Benjamin Whipple, Feb. 25, 1762. 
Peets James, and Philadelphia Graft* of Jacob; m. by John 
Mail, Justice, Aug. 1, 1793. 
" Alpha, and Sayles Aldrich, June 3, 1810. 
Peirce William F., of Isaac, and Paulina Brown, of Walter; 

m, by Rev. Reuben Allen, Oct. 25, 1841. 
Penniman Anne, and Joseph Benjamin, Nov. 4, 1749. 
Perkins William P., and Lucy Gavitt; m. by Rev. Reuben 

Allen, Aug. 1, 1839. 
Perry John, and Cynthia Crocker, of Attleboro, Miiss.; m. by 
Rev. George Taft, Apr. 6, 1835. 
" William W., and May Smith; m. by Rev. T. A. Taylor, 

May 11, 1840. 
" Susan 13., and Henry M. Smith, Aug. 31, 1840. 
Peters Bethiah, and William Herendeen, Apr. 5, 1756. 
" Abigail, and Stephen Nichols, Apr. 1, 1759. 
" Esther, and Ezekiel Herendeen, Sept, 5, 1761. 
" Lydia, and Charles Sayles, Aug. 24, 1794. 
Pettis John, and Ruth Darling; m. by William Arnold, Jus- 
tice, Sept. 22, 1747. 
Phetteplace Newell, and Parlie Jenckes; m. by Lewis Dexter, 
Justice, June 21, 1827. 
Huldah, and Obediah Smith, Oct. 25, 1829. 
" James, and Sarah Pain, dan. of Ruf us Smith; m. 

by Asa Winsor, Justice, Feb. 10, 1831. 
^^ Morton, of Benjamin, and Julianna Pain, of 

46 Narragansett Historical Register. 

David; m. by Arnold Spear, Justice, Nov. 28, 
Phetteplace Jesse, of Area, and Rachel Sayles, of Elislia; m. 
by Rev. Reuben Allen, Jan. 28, 1841. 
" Hannah T., and Thurston E. Phetteplace, Dec. 

25, 1843. 
" Thurston E., and Hannnh T. Phetteplace; m. by 

Rev. T. A. Taylor, Dec. 25, 1843. 
" Caroline, and Samuel E. Stone, Feb. 20, 1845. 

" Ann M., and Bunill Bartlett, Apr. 26, 1845. 

Phillips Daniel, and Hannah Ball; m. by Thomas Sayles, 
Justice, Mar. 1, 1731 -'Z. 
" Job, and Ruth Herendeen; m. by Thomas Sayles, 

Justice, Dec. 24, 1736. 
" Amie, and Josiah Arnold, July 20, 1738. 
" Job, and Merabah Mowry; m. by William Arnold, 

Justice, Nov. 7, 1738. 
" John, Jr., and Mary Pain; m. by William Jenckes, 

Justice, Apr. 25, 1744. 
" William, Jr., and Sarah Dotey; m. by William 

Arnold, Justice, Dec. 23, 1745. 
" Elizabeth and Noah Bartlett, Jr., July 14, 1746. 
" Peter, and Zerviah Herendeen; m. by Thomas Steere*, 

Justice, Dec. 28, 1748. 
'' Anne, and Daniel Mowry, Jr., Aug-. 27, 1749. 
" Joseph, and Sarah Inman; m. by John Aldrich, Jus- 
tice, Dec. 7, 1755. 
" Deborah, and John Bartlett, Feb. 29, 1756. 

" Mary, and John Smith, 3d., 1757. 

" Sarah, and Capt. Richard Harris, Oct. 12, 1762. 
" Amie Phillips, and Co<>geshall Chace, Jan. 31, 1765. 
" Elijah, and Rhoda Sayles; m. by Stephen Arnold, 
Justice, Aug. 29, 1765. 

Old Smithfield Eecord. 47 

Phillips Rhoda, and Samuel Hills, Jan. 8, 1767. 

" Daniel, and Mary Taft; m. by Richard Sayles, Jus- 
tice, Nov. 1, 1767. 
" Elizabeth, and Moses Ballon, May 29, 1768. 
" Anthony, of Glocester, and Anna Smith, of Smith- 
field; m. by Daniel Mowry, «lr., Justice, Apr. 2, 

^' Abigail, and John Sheldon, Oct. 15, 1799. 
'' Mary, and Benjamin Ballon, Apr. 15, 1770. 
" Ezekiel, of Aziiah, and Sarah Arnold, of Job; m. by 

Daniel Mowry, Justice, Jan. 30, 1774. 
" Rufus, of Daniel, and Rebecca Sheldon, of William; 

m. by Stephen Arnold, Justice, May 1, 1777. 
"^^ Gideon, of John, and Hannah Appleby, of James; 

m." by Rev. Ezekiel Ang-ell, May 26, 1782. ■ 
'' Martha, and Bezeleel Pain, Mar. 25, 1784. 
*" Augustus, of Elisha, of Pomfret, Conn., and Mary 

Waterman, of John; m. by Rev. Edward Mitchell, 

Jidy 13, 1788. 
'•' Sarah, and FCufus Smith, Sept. 5, 1799. 
^' Susannah, and Benjamin Brown, Jr., Feb. 12, 1805. 
^' Luke, of Reuben, of Smithfield, and Cynthia Allen, 

of Noel, of Exeter; m. by Rev. Gershom Palmer, 

May 28, 1809. 
^' Lucy, and Silas Mowry, Jan. 5, 1815. 
'' Elizabeth, and Barnabus S. Fuller, Sept. 4, 1823. 
" William, of South Coventry, Conn., and Emily Boss, 

of Scituate; m. by Rev. Reuben Allen, Sept. 8, 

'' Celista E., and Wellington S. Hunt, Aug. 26, 1844. 
" Stephen, and Miranda Miller; m. at Thompson, 

Windham, Co. Conn., June 4, 1846. 

48 NarracxANsett Historical Register. 

" Augustus, Jr., of Smithfiekl, son of Augustus, of 
New York; and Minerva A. Greene, of Smithfiekl, 
daughter of Samuel G., dee.; m. by Rev. Mowry 
Phillips, Nov. 29, 1846. 
" Smith, son of John, late of Foster, R. I., deceased; 
and Huldah Mowry, of Aaron, of Smithtield; m. 
by Rev. Martin Cheney, Sept. 26, 1847. 
" Joseph, 2d., of Joseph and Idda; and Lucy Hopkins, 
of Benoni and Azarbali; m. by Rev. Mowry Phil- 
lips, June, 25, 1848. 
" Henry W., and Susan W., Jones, both of Cumber- 
land; m. by Rev. B. P. Byram, Sept. 4, 1848. 
" Levi, of Jerome B. and Mary, and Hopey B. Fisk, 
of Ebenezer and Kesiali; m. by Rev. Warren Lin- 
coln, July 4, 1850. 
" Susan J., and George E. Chace, Jan. 16, 1851. 
Pickford John, of James and Ann; and Ellen Harkinson, 
daughter of Tlnmias and Esther Braley; m. by 
Rev. B. P. Talbot, May 20, 1849. 
Pickring Benjamin, and Marcy Cook; m. by William Arnold, 

Justice Mar. 29, 1750. 
Pidgeley Patience, and Jonathan Sprague, Aug. 12, 1785. 
Pinkham Susan, and Albert W. Kelley, Apr. 3, 1845. 
Pitts Mary Jane, and Stephen S. Slade, May 4, 1840. 
Place Peter, and Deborah Pray; m. hy Thomas Steere, Jus- 
tice, June 17, 1744. 
" Phebe, and Zephaniah Wright, Oct. 20, 1754. 
" John, and Rhoda Mitchell; m. l)y Rev. John Winsor, 

Mar. 28, 1790. 
" Rhoda B., and Burrill Evans, May 28, 1840. 
" .lohn, of Glocester, son of James, and Mrs. Susan Case? 
dau, of Pardon Sheklon, of Jolmston, R. I.; m. by 
Rev. Reuben Allen, Oct. 28, 1840. 

Old Smithfield Records. 49 

Place Ethan F., of Glocester, son of Anthony; and Olive 
Ann Aldrieh, of Smithfield, dau. of Izrael; m. by 
Rev. Reuben Allen, Nov. 15, 1840. 
" Allen, of Reuben P., and Elizabeth Place, of Daniel 

P.; m. by Rev. T. A. Taylor, Feb. 24, 1846. 
" Elizabeth, and Alien Place, Feb. 24, 1846. 
Pliujptou Amie, and Samuel Day, Nov. 17, 1754. 
Ronah, and Jol) Bennett, May 20, 1762. 
Plumer Maiy, and Daniel Eddy, Dec. 12, 1734. 
'' Martha, and David Mowiy, Apr. 11, 1789. 

Adeline F., and Joseph C. Steere, Dec. 2, 1840. 
Pollock Henry, and Lucretia Smith, both of Woonsocket; m. 

by Nicholas S, Winsor, Justice, Aug. 18, 18-]9. 
Pond IMaiy, and Daniel Fisher, Oct. 9, 1741- 

" Pheibe, and Elisha Spaulding, May 30, 1847. 
Pooke Julia, and Samuel White, Dec. 5, 1839. 
'' Mary H., and Henry Potter, Dec. 26, 1841. 
" Susannah A., and Anthony Steere, Nov. 4, 1842. 
Potter Abigail, and John Webster, Mar. 31, 1741. 

" Abel, and Anne Thornton; m. by Thomas Steere, 

Justice, Nov. 27, 1747. 
" William, of Warwick, and Lydia Arnold, of Smith- 
field; m. by Thomas Lapham, Justice, Nov. 18, 
'' Mary, and Jacob Wilkinson, Aug. 21, 1763. 
^' Rouse, of Christopher, of Scituate, and Anne Sheldon, 
of William, of Smithfield; m. by Daniel Mowry,Jr.^ 
Justice, Aug. 6, 1775. 
^' Mary, and Isaac Brayton, Mar. 16, 1788. 
" Zilpha, and Augustus W. Lacy, Mar. 1, 1840. 
^' Laura, and George W. Winsor, Mar. 19, 1840. 
" Joseph C, of Benjamin, and Maria Kiml)all, of Dean, 

50 Nakragansett Historical Register. 

both of Scituate; m. by Rev. Reuben Allen, Sept. 
17, 1840. 
Potter Henry, of Cranston, R. I. son of Izreal; and Mary H. 
Pooke, dan. of Milton, of Smithfield; m. by Lewis 
Dexter, Justice, Dec. 26, 1841. 
" Henry C, of Providence, son of Christy, and Amasil- 
da, Baxter, of Abel, of Smithfield; m. by Rev. H. 
C. Stewart, Jan. 2, 1842. 
" Elizabeth, and Joseph Steere, Jan. ], 1843. 
" Sahara R., and John Davidson, Jan. 28, 1844. 
" Nancy, and Nelson Smith, Feb. 2, 1846. 
Pray Deborah, and Peter Place, Juiie 17, 1744. 

" Fidelia Ann, and Martin L. Thornton, x\pr. 4, 1839. 

Prichard William, son of Mrs. Amie, and Rebecca Moffatt, 

of Caleb; m. by Rev. Charles E. Taylor, May 

2, 1843. 

Prince William, of Cumberland, son of Ralph; and Mary 

Greenhalgh, of Blackstone, Mass., m. by Rev. B. 

p. Talbot, 1846. 

Pringle Ellen, and James Jacques, Sept. 25, 1850, 
Prior William R., of Cranston, R. I., and Catherine Borden, 
of Smithfield; m. bv Rev D. L. McGeer, Feb. 25, 
" Amanda M., and William Baker, Mar. 18, 1849. 
Proffatt Anstis, and Richard Robinson, June 4, 1843. 
Pullen Nicholas, and Mary Jenckes; m. by Daniel Mowry, 
Jr., Justice, Oct. 14, 1764. 

Births and Deaths. 

Page Thomzen, of Joseph and Pliebe, Oct. 13, 1729 

" James, " " July 16, 1730 

" Josepli, " " Sept. 21, 1733 

seph aiK 

\ Phebe, 

Oct. 6, 1742 



Sept. 21, 1745 



July 5, 1747 



Feb. 26, 1750 

Old Smithfield Record. 51 

Page Mary, of 

" Stephen, 

" Anne, 

" Eli, 

" Job, of Smithfield, died at Rojalton, 
Mass., Aug. 25, 1834. 

Pain Presilla, of Benjn. and Elizabeth, 1st. \v. June 5 1722 

" Dorcas, '' '^ " July 29, 1724 

" Nathan, " " ^' May 18, 1726 

" Benjamin, " " '' Mar. 17, 1728 

" John, " " " Feb. 2, 1730 

" Arnold, " Anne, 2nd. w. Feb. 12, 1734 

" Anna, " Amie, 3d. wife, Aug-. 31, 1735 

" Amie, " " " Mar. 7, 1737 


Elizabeth, " « ^' Apr. 27, 1738 

Mary, " ^' " July 21, 1839 

Sarah, " '' " Mar. 14, 1741 

John, " '' ^' Dec. 21, 1742^ 

" '' (died) " Aug. 27, 1746 

Abigail, " " " May 2, 1744 

Margery, " '' '' May 17, 1746 

Joseph, " " '' Aug. 17, 1747 

Benoni, " " '' Apr, 25, 1749 

Amie, wife of Benjamin, died. May 4, 1749 
Jonathan, of Benj. and Jemima, 4th. w. Feb. 8, 1753 

Abi, " " '' Sept. 12, 1754 

Jemima, " " " Dec. 8, 1756 

Obed, " " " Dec, 31, 1758 

Bela, " " '' Jan. 26, 1762 

Laoden, " " " Jan. 27, 1764 

Bezeleel, " " " June 21, 1765 

Abdon, « « "" June 20, 1767 


Nauragansett Historical Register. 


Pain Zerviah, Benjn. and Jemima, 4tli., w. Mar. 
" Cyrus, . " '' " Apr. 

" Benjamin, Sr., died, Jan. 

Pliebe, of Benj. Jr„ dec, and Sarali, Feb. 
Benjamin, " 

Lucinda, of Arnold and Judeth, 

Daniel, of Jolm and Martha, 
Elizabeth, " 
Simon, " " 

Martha, " " 

Joanna. " " 

Aseneth, dan. of Sarah Bassett, 
Wilbur, of Benoni and Martha, 
Amie, (Darling of Henry and Olive 

Ids wife, 
Marie Antonette, of Wilbur and Amie, Dec. 

•' Sept. 

" Oct. 

'' Mar. 

" Feb. 

" Nov. 

" Mar. 








J uly 




Smith Wilbur, 


Sarah Ann, 


Lydia Elma, 


Amie Ann, 


Laura 0., 


Smith, of Obed 

and L 


Mary, " 


Abei, " 

. a 


























Old Smithfield Record. 


Pain Lydia, of 01: el and Levina, 




'' Rtifus, 




" Mercy, 




" Jesse Taft, " " 




"' Naomi, " " 




" Arnokl, " " 




" Ephraim, of Bela and Ruth, 




" Sarah, 

Jan . 



" Sterling-, 




" Michael, 




" Cynthia, of Ladon and Elizabeth, 




a a (,(. a A 

, Nov. 


" Philadelphia, " 




" Chloe, 




'• Otis, " " 




" Cyrns, of Cyrus and Elizabeth, 




" Seth, 




Peck Hannah, of Nicholas and Rachel, 




" Jeshureha, 




Peet, James, son of Mary Sprague, 




Peirce Eliza, of Isaac and Nabba, 




" Horace, of Rhoda, 




Perry Joseph Williams, of John and Cynthia, Jan. 



" Elizabeth Ann, " " 




" May Ruhamah, 




" LydiaJane, 




Phetteplace Smith Paine, of Morton and 





Phillips Azeiah, of Mikel and Freelove, 




iVIary, " " 




" John, " " 




'' Mikel, 




54 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Phillips Jeremiah, of Mikel and Freelove, Jan. 17, 1730 





































Charles, of John 

and Sarah, 









































Andrew, of Jeremiah Jr., & Martha 

, June 







































Mary, of Dj 


and Hannah, 





























































Jol), son of Rutl) 

[ Pleren 






James, died 






Ruth, of Jo 


and Sarah, 




Old Smithfield Record. 55 

Phillips Asel, of Isaac and Susannah, Dec. 6 1763 

" Marcy, '' ■ " Jan. 29,' 1765 

" Hannah, " " Dec. 30, 1767 

'' . Yespation, " " Dec. 18, 1769 

" Iztael, son o£ Katherine Comstock, Feh. 19, 1765 

" Augustus, of Elijah and Rhoda, Dec. 18, 1765 

" Martha, " " Mar. 15, 1767 

" Asa, " " May 8, 1769 

" Amasa, " " Feb. 14, 1771 

" [ Otis, of Rufus and Rebecca, Feb. 4 1778 

" I-ncy, " " Sept. 21, 1779 

'' Amos, " " July 1, 1783 

" Martha, of Gideon and Hannah, Mar. 22, 1784 

" Esther, " " Mar. 31, 1786 

" Mary, " " Sept. 3, 1787 

" Rocira, of Luke and Cynthia, Apr. 24, 1812 

Luke Waterman, " " Apr. 8, 1814 

" Geo. Washington, " " Sept. 15, 1716 

" Celista Emeline, " '' Mar. 6, 1819 

" Luke, Sr., died, aged 51 years, Jan. 12, 1841 

" Cynthia, his wife, died, aged 72 years Aug. 2, 1861 
" Lucius Johnson, of Benjamin Barne}'^ 

and Betsey, Apr. 27, 1825 

Potter Sprague, of Samuel and Abigail, Jiilj 27, 1754 

Pliimer Simeon of Samuel and Tabitha, Nov. 9, 1751 

" Richard, '' " June 15, 1755 

Pray John, died, Oct, 9, 1733 

Pullen Nicholas, of William and Naoma, Sept. 4, 1742 

( To he contimied in our next. ) 

56 Narragansett Historical Register. 

From Book Notes, Mar. 2, 1889. - Dr. Fraiiklin C. Clark, 
of this city, has written a clever essay entitled The Duherh(.s 
Cmtf/hf. It appears in the Narragansett Historical Register 
for October, 1888; just ready. After having written a de- 
scription of the Dubertfiis, he fell upon the very learned letter 
written some ten years since by J. Hammond Trumbull. This 
letter was printed in the JovrnaJ. Dr. Clark reproduces the 
princi])al part of it as the closing portion of his essay. Aside 
from this. Dr. Clark's essay evinces a thoroughness of original 
research which is really commendable. It is not singular 
that he should speak of S. C. Newman as the Ilei\j since all 
the writers whom he was obligued to quote, including Mr. 
Albert G. Greene, spoke of him as the liev. He not only 
was not a clergyman, but he detested the very calling itself. 
The word Duhertus occurs in the Charter of Charles the 
Second. It was a clerical error, the word being Juhertus, 
which has been spelled in many ways, but which meant a spe- 
cies of fin-back whale. 

From the Leuns Letter, Mctrcli, 1889. — The Narragansett 
Historical Register completed its sixth volume during 1888. 
It is edited by James N. Arnold, of Providence, R. I., aiul 
is worthy of a place in every carefully selected library. 

Ind'au Lc(jeisd:<. — We would respectfully call attention to 
the short juticle on the Kith., page of this magazine, to say 
here that our articles in the last volume of the Register are 
in harmony with the above extract, and also to say that those 
who have read our articles to find fault over the conclusions 
we arrived at, that we thank them for so doing, and also for 
other little courtesies of like nature extended toAvards us. 
To those who have given us new points and suggestions as 
well as reference to new matter, we hereby extend our most 
hearty thanks and without any mental reservations. 


By Samuel H. Allen. 

ROM the organization under tlie Cliarter iSfov. 25, 
(^ 1663, until June, 1729; the Governor, Deputy Govern- 
or and Assistants, had executive, legislative and judi- 
cial functions. In June, 1729, the twelve Magistrates took 
the title of " The Superior Court of Judicature, Court of 
Assize and General Gaol Delivery." 

By an act of the General Assembly, passed at the May 
Session, 1741; an Equity Court was established to consist of 
five Judges, to be chosen j.n lually by the General Assembly. 
The act establishing- this Court was repealed at the February 
Session, 1744, to take effect the May following-. 

February, 1747, an act was passed providing- for the elect- 
ion of a Chief Judge and four Assistant Judges. 

In 1798, the designation of the Court was changed to the 
" Supreme Judicial Court, " consisting* of one Chief Justice 
and four Associate Justices. 

Under the Constitution, the designation was changed to 
^' Supreme Court." 

J|@^ Note- When the year only is given, it is to be 

understood that it refers from the time of the annual election 
in May, to the election in the May following. 

Judges of tlie Court of Equity. 

Samuel Clarke, of Jamestown, Chief; 1741 to 1743, 
John Potter, of Providence, 1741 to 1744. 

58 Narragansett Historical Register. 

William Robinson, of South Kingstown, 1741 to 1742, 1742, 


John Chipman, of Newport, 1741 to 1743. 

Thomas Spencer, of East Greenwich, 1741 to 1743. Chief, 

1743 to 1744. 

Robert Hazard, of South Kingstown, 1742 to 1744. 

William Anthony, of Portsmouth, 1743 to 1744. 

Josiah Arnold, of Warwick, 1743 to 1744. 

Chief Judge o?' Justice. 

Gideon Cornell, of Newport, 1747 to 1749. 

Joshua Babcock, of Westerly, 1749 to 1751. Aug. 1763, 


Stephen Hopkins, of Providence, 1751 to May 1755; Aug. 

1755 to May 1756; June 1770 to Aug, 1776. 

Francis Willett, of North Kingstown, May to August 1755. 

John Gardner, of Newport, 1756 to 1761, 

Samuel Ward, of Westerly, 1761 to 1762. 

Jeremiah Niles, of South Kingstown, 1762, declined. 

Joseph Russell, of Bristol, June 1762 to 1763; 1765 to June 

1767; 1768 to 1769. 

Edward Scott, of Newport, 1763, declined. 

John Banister, of Newport, Oct. 1763 to May 1764. 

John Cole, of Providence, 1764. 

James Helme, of South Kingstown, 1767 to 1768; June 1769 

to June 1770. 

Metcalf Bowler, of Portsmouth, Aug. 1776 to Feb. 1777. 

William Greene, of Warwick, Feb. 1777 to 1778. 

Shearjashub Bourne, of Bristol, May 1778 to Feb. 1781. 

Jabez Bowen, of Providence, Feb. 1781 to iVIay 1781. 

Paul Mumford, of Newp(ut, 1781 to June 1785; 1786 to 

June 1788. 

The Rhode Island Judiciary. 59 

William Ellery, of Newport, June 1785 to 1786, 
Othiiiel Gorton, of Warwick, June 1788 to 1791. 
Daniel Owen, of Glocester, 1791 to June 1795. 
Peleg Arnold, of Smitliiiekl, June 1795 to June 1809. 1810 
to 1812. 

Thomas Arnold, of Providence, June 1809 to 1810. 
Daniel Lyman, of North Providence, 1812 to 1816. 
James Burrell Jr., of Providence, 1816 to 1817. 
Tristam Burg-es, of Providence, June 1817 to 1818. 
James Fenner, of Providence, 1818, declined. 
Asa Messer, of Providence, 1818 to 1819. 
Isaac Wilbour, of Little Compton, 1819 to 1827. 
Samuel Eddy, of Providence, 1827 to June 1835. 
Job Durfee, of Tiverton, June 1835 to 1848. 
Richard W. Greene, of Warwick, May 1848 to June 14, 18 
54, resigned. 

William R. Staples, of Providence, Nov. 1854, resigned Mar. 
7, 1856. 

Samuel Ames, of Providence, June 26, 1856, died, Dec. 
20, 1865. 

George A. Brayton, of Warwick, Feb. 7, 1866, declined. 
Charles S. Bradley, of North Providence, Feb. 9, 1866, Re- 
signed Mar. 1, 1868. 

George A. Brayton, of Warwick, Mar. 13, 1868, resigned 
May 28, 1874. 

George H. Browne, of Glocester, June 23, 1874. declined. 
Thomas Durfee, of Providence, Jan. 28, 1875. 

Assistant Judge or Associate Justice. 

Stephen Hopkins, of Providence, 1747 to 1749. 
Joshua Babcock, of Westerly, 1747 to 1749. 
Josiah Arnold, of Warwick, 1747 to 1749. 

60 Nabragansett Historical Register. 

John Howland, of Tiverton, 1747 to 1749. 

Jonathan Randall, of Cranston, 1749 to 1761. 

William Hopkins, of Providence, 1749 to 1750. 

William Hall, of Little Compton, 1749 to 1750; 1761 to Ano-. 

1763; 1765 to June 1767. 

John Walton, of Newport, 1749 to 1751. 

William Richmond, of Little Compton, 1750 to 1761. 

Benjamin Hazardj of Newport, 1750 to 1751, declined. 

Joseph Russell, of Bristol, 1751 to 1759; 1761 to June 1762; 

1774 to Aug. 1776. 

Jeseph Clarke, of Newport, 1751 to 1757 1758 to 1761. 

Joseph Lippitt, of Warwick, 1757 to 1758; 1759 to 1761. 

Jeremiah Niles, of South Kingstown, 1757, declined. 

Thomas Wickham, of Newport, 1761 to 1762. 

Jqhn Burton, of Cranston, 1761 tol762. 

Nicholas Easton, of Newport, 1762 to Aug. 1763. 

Jeffrey Watson, of South Kingstown, June 1762, declined. 

Joshua Clarke, of Hopkinton, June 1762 to 1763. 

Samuel Nightingale, of Providence, 1762 to Aug. 1763; June 

1767 to June 1769. 

Thomas Cranston, of Newport, Aug. 1763, declined. 

John Cole, of Providence, Aug 1763 to 1764. 

Thomas Greene, of Warwick, Aug. 1763 to 1765; June 1769 

to June 1770. 

Silas Niles of South Kingstown, Aug. 1763 to 1764, decKned. 

Joh Bennet Jr., of Newport, Oct. 1763 to 1768. 1773 to Aug. 


Robert Hazard, of South Kingstown, July 1764 to 1765. 

Stephen Potter, of Coventry, 1764 to 1765; June 1767 to 

1768; 1770 to 1774; 1778 to 1780; June 1787 to 1790. 

Benoni Hall of Exeter, 1765 to 1768; June. 1769 to 1773. 

Henry Harris, of Providence, 1765 to 1766. 

The Rhode Island Judiciary. 61 

Gideon Comstock, of Cranston, 1766 to June 1767; June 

1769 to June 1770; Oct. 1778 to 1781. 

Nathaniel Searle, of Little Compton, 1768 to June 1770. 

Metcalf Bowler, of Portsmouth, May 1768 to June 1769. 

June 1770 to Aug. 1776. 

Phillip Greene, of Warwick, 1768, declined. 

James Helme, of South Kingstown, June 1770 to 1774. 

William Greene, of Warwick, June 1768 to 1769; 1774 to 

Feb. 1777. 

Shearjashub Bourne, of Bristol, Aug. 1776 to 1778. 

Jabez Bowen, of Providence, Aug. 1776 to June 1777. 

Thomas Wells, of Hopkinton, Aug. 1776 to 1780. 

Perry Richmond, of Little Compton, Feb. to June 1777. 

Paul Mumford, of Newport, June 1777 to 1781. 

Christopher Li})pitt, of Cranston, May to Oct. 1778. 

William Ellery, of Newport, 1780, declined. 

Peter Phillips, of North Kingstown, 1780 to 1786. 

Rufus Hopkins, of Scituate, Sept. 1780 to 1781. 

Thomas Tillinghast, of East Greenwich, Sept. 1780 to 1787; 

1791 to 1797. 

Ambrose Page, of Providence, 1781, declined. 

David Howell, of Providence, 1781 to 1782; 1786 to 1787. 

Pardon Gray, of Tiverton, 1781 to 1786. 

Jonathan Jenckes, of North Providence, 1782 to June 1785. 

Thomas Arnold, of Providence, June 1785 to 1786. 

Joseph Hazard, of South Kingstown, 1786 to 1787. 

Gilbert Devol, of Tiverton, 1786 to 1787. 

V/illiam West, of Scituate, 1787 to 1790. 

Walter Cooke, of Tiverton, 1787 to June 1809. 

John Waite, of South Kingstown, 1787, decHned. 

Simeon Clarke Jr., of Richmond, Sept. 1787 to 1790. 

Daniel Owen, of Glocester, 1790 to 1791. 


Nareagansett Histouical Rbgistok. 

Sylvester Robmson, of South K-S^'""'"' !!f5*/° "^^\„„, 
Ezekiel Gardner, of North Kingstown, 1790 to KM, June 

1709 to June 1801. 

Carder Hazard, of South K"'g«"'«"'J'^-^A« \ tnnp 1795 
WilUam Taggert, of MuUUetown, May 1' 03 to June 1/9. • 
Joshua BioWl, of Barrington, 1794 to June 1801; 1811 to 

1 Q1 Q 

Jose'ph Hoxsie, of Charlestown, June to Oct 1J95. 

George Brown, of South Kh.gstown OH. 1 - 9o toJuu 1,99. 

Thon^as Hohlen, of Warwrek, Dee. 1797 to June 1801. 

Jolnr Allen, of North Kingstown, June 1801 to 1808. 

Joseph Reynolds, of Bristol, June 1801 to 181L 

Henry Remington, of Warwick, June 1801 to 1808; 1818 to 

1819; June 1822 to 1827. 

William Marehaut, of Newport, 1808 to 1810. 

Benjamin Johnson, of West GreenwK-h, 1808 to 1810, 1811 

Wiml'Shony, of Portsmouth, June 1809 to 1810; 1811 

Jeffrey Hazard, of Exeter, 1810 to 1818. 

Joseph Gmulall, of Portsmouth, 1810 to IbU. 

Thomas Westcott, of Warwick, 1810 *" 18\1- 

Charles Brayton, of Warwick, Oct. 1813 to 1818; 1821 to 

June 1835. 1Q10 

Isaac Wilbour, of Little Coniptoii, 1818 to 181J. 
Daniel Champlain, of Exeter, 1818 to 1827 
John DeWolf, of Bristol, 1818 to June 1«^^; 
Thomas Buffington, of Smithfield, 1819 to 1823 
Dutee Arnold, of Warwick, June 1819 to June 1822 
Luke Druvy, of Bristol, June 1822 to 1824 
Wheeler Martin, of Providence, June 182o to lb^4. 
Samuel Randall, of Warren, 1824 to 1833. 

The Rhode Island Judiciary. 63 

Isaac Fiske, of Johnston, 1824 to June 1825. 

Nathan Brown, of Johnston, June 1825 to 1826. 

Samuel Eddy, of Providence, May to June 1826. 

Stephen Branch, of Providence, June 1826 to 1827. 

Job Durfee, of Tiverton, 1833 to June 1835. 

Levi Haile, of Warren, June 1835 to July 14, 1854. 

William R. Staples, of Providence, June 1835 to Nov. 1854. 

George A. Brayton, of Warwick, June 1843 to Mar. 13, 1848. 

Sylvester G. Sherman, of North Kingstown, Nov. 2, 1854 to 

Jan. 8, 1868, died. 

Alfred Bosworth, of Warren, Nov. 2, 1854, to June 10, 

1862, died. 

J. Russell Bullock, of Bristol, Sept. 4, 1862 to Mar. 1, 1864, 


Thomas Durfee, of Providence, Jan. 15, 1865 to Jan. 28, 


Elisha R. Potter, of South Kingstown, Mar. 16, 1868 to 

Apr. 10, 1882, died. 

Walter S. Burges, of Providence, Jan. 24, 1868 to June 1, 

1881, resigned. 

Charles Matteson, of Providence, Feb, 11, 1875. 

John H. Stiness, of Providence, Apr. 13, 1875. 

Pardon E. Tillinghast, of Pawtucket, June 2, 1881. 

George M. Carpenter, of Providence, Apr. 20, 1882 to Jan. 

1, 1885, resigned. 

George A. V/ilbur, of Woonsocket, Jan. 29, 1885. 

The first Rate Makers of The town of South Kingstown 
elected in 1722 were: Peleg Mumford, Samuel Helme, and 
James Perry. The Rate Makers were called " Assessors of 
Rates," 1787, and " A.ssessors of Taxes," 1794. 

64 Narbagansett Historical Register. 

The Ballou's of America. — Tliis beautiful volume of 
1340 pages is before us. It is a record of a family number- 
ing about lOjOOO. Tlie autlioi'-, tlie Rev. Adin Ballon, lias 
performed a grand work for bis family. For a man of liis 
age ( 85 ), it is certainly a wonderful production. It is also 
a matter of State pride tbat sucli a work can be collated, ar- 
ranged and publislied by single families. To the Hon. Ariel 
Ballon, M. D., and the Hon. Latimer W. Ballon, L. L. D., 
much credit should be given for the financial aid extended 
in the publication. This generosity on their part, is money 
well placed and justly entitles them to the thanks and re- 
membrance of every member of the family, as well as all ot~ 
hers interested in like pursuits. 

The Potter Genealogy. — Through the kindness of the 
author, Mr. Charles Edward Potter, of Boston, Mass., we 
have been favored with a copy of this superb work. Its ar- 
rangement in many features are original. A moments study 
only is needed however, to clearly understand it, whic^h when 
mastered presents the whole work an once to the readers eye. 
There can be no doubt that the Genealogist of tlie next gen- 
eration will have to adopt sucli a plan as this or one sintilar 
in its general character, in order to properly present the fam- 
ily members to the readers attention. The work is both su- 
pejbly printed and illustrated. The price of the work is 
17.50, which is remarkable cheap considering the immense 
labor of the jireparation and great cost of publishing Those 
wishing the work will please address the author, 24 Franklin 


For the Towns of South Kingstoion, Charlestoion, 
Westerly, Iloplxinton and Richmond. 

By the Editor. 

Q^a^ N 1699, tlio Yep.rly Meeting of Friends for New Eng- 
'^Ir landjestablished Rhode Island Qnarterlj Meeting con- 
'^ sisting of these three Monthly Meetings, viz: 

1. Rhode Island Monthly Meeting. 

2. Narragansett, ( now Greenwich ), held for a time at 
Kingston and hense was sometimes called " Kingston Meet- 
in o-" bnt in 1700 moved to " the New Meetino- in East Green- 
wicli," where it was held constantly for seven years. In 1707, 
the Quarterly Meeting directed that it should be held at 
Providence, Greenwich, Kingston and East Greenwich alter- 
nately, as was done until 1718, in the 4tli, mo. of which, 
Providence Monthly Meeting was set off and established by 
Quarterly Meeting. In the 3d. mo. 1743, it was again de- 
vided and the new one was called " Kingston Monthly Meet- 
ing," This is now South Kingstown Monthly Meeting now 
held at Hopkinton. 

3. Dartmouth Monthly Meeting 26, 4th mo. 1699. 



Anthony Sarah, and Joseph Irish, 2 mo., 7, 1754. 

66 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Bcibcock JoiKithaii, of South King'stoAvn, son of Joiiatlian 

" and Esther, of Stonington, Conn ; and Ruth 

Rodman, of Benjamin and Hanjiah, of South 
Kingstown; 1 mo., 29, 1795. 
„ Hezekiah, of Dartmouth, Mass., son of Caloh and 
Waite, of South Kingstown; and Dorcas Peck- 
ham, of William and Mei\\y, of South Kings- 
town; 1 mo., 28, 1813. 
" John, son of Hezekiah and Dorcas, and Mary P. 
Perry, of William S. and Lois; all of South 
Kingstown, 9 mo., 25, 1856. 
Borden E izabeth, and Stephen Perry, 6 m.o., 2, 1763. 
" Sarah, and Joshua Rathhiin, 10 mo., SO, 1766. 
" Martha, and Peter Davis, 10 mo., 16, 1782. 
Boss Solomon B., son of Jabez and Sarah, and Catherine 
Knowles, of Robert and Lucy Anna, Jill of South 
Kingstown, 5 mo., 25, 1813. 
Bowen Elizabeth, and John Collins, 3 mo., 15, 1744. 
Bradley Joshua, of Nev/ London, CoriU., son of Joshua a,nd 
Sarah, and Dorcas Ratlibun, of Acors and Lydia, 
oi Stonington, Conn., 1 mo., 1, 180L 
Bragg Anna, and William Wilbur, 6 mo., 3, 1790. 

" Temperance, and Ethan Foster, 3 mo., 12, 1801. 
Brayton Preserved, son of Steplien dec.; and Hannah, of 
Reh{)both, Mass.; and Patience Greene, of David 
and Mary, of North Kingstown, 5 mo., 18, 1758. 
Browning Thomas, of Charlestown, son of John and Anne, 
of South Kingstown; and Anne Hoxsie, of Sol- 
omon and Mary, of Richmond, 6 n;()., 2, 1767. 
" Anne, and Simeon Perry, 4 mo., 29, 1776. 

" Eunice, and Otluiiel Foster, 11 mo., 10, 1803. 

South Kingstown Friends Record. 67 

Browning Jeremiah 3d., of Stonington, Conn., son of Jere- 
miah and Sarah, and Martha Foster, of John 
and Ruth, of Stonington, 11 mo., 12, 1805. 
" Amie, and Samuel Sheffiekl, 9 mo., 13, 1829. 

Brown Hannah, and John D. Williams, 10 mo., 3, 1822. 
" Anna, and Thomas WilUams, 9 mo., 12, 1826. 
" Sarah W., and Francis H. Rathhun, 9 mo., 24, 1832. 
^' Yv^ilham F. of Betterments, Otsego Co., New York, 
son of Joseph and Mary, of this phice; and Eliza- 
beth N. Collins, of Lewis and Lydia, dec, of Hop- 
kinton, ]0 mo., 7, 1839. 


Carr Joanna, and Benjamin Hazard, 5 mo., 12, 1814. 

" George W., of Jamestown, son of Benjamin dec. and 
Elizabeth, and Sarah Foster, of Othniel and Eunice, 
of South Kingstown, 4 mo., 4, 1838. 
Chase Stephen Abbott, of New Market, N. H., son of Abijah 
and Mary, of Essex, Mass.; and Anna Atmore Rob- 
inson, of James and Mary, of South Kingstown, 
7 mo., 26, 1830. 
Collins John, of John, of Charlestown, and Elizabeth Bowen, 
of Dan and Mehitabel, 3 mo., 15, 1744. 
" Joseph, of Hezekiah and Catherine, of Hopkinton, 
and Bathsheba Hoxsie, of Solomon and Mary, of 
Richmond, 3 mo., 8, 1764. 
" Catherine, and Benjamin Hoxsie, 2 mo., 7, 1782. 
^' Joseph Jr., of Joseph and Bathsheba, and Hannah 
Sheffield, of Samuel and Elizabeth; all of Hopkin- 
ton, 2 mo., 5, 1789. 
" Abel, of Stonhigton, of Abel and Thankful, and 
Mary Wilbur, of Thomas and Mary, of Hopkin- 
ton," 10 mo., 14, 1790. 

68 Nauragansett Historical Register. 

Collins Solomon, of Hopkinton, of Joseph and Bathsheba, 

and Sarah Perry, of Stephen and Elizabeth, dec. 

of Newport, 3 nio., 8, 1792. 
" Isaac, of St{)ninot()ii, of Amos and Thankful, and 

Mary Collins, of Joseph and Bi;thsheba, o mo., 

15, 1792. 
" Mary, and Isaac Collins, 3 mo., 15, 1792. 
" Lydia, and John Wilbur, 10 mo., 17, 1793. 
" Ruth, and John H. Kenyon, 11 mo., 8, 1804. 
" Deborah, and Peter ColKns, 11 mo., 12, 1807. 
" Peter, of Hopkinton. of Joseph and Bathsheba, and 

Deborah Collins, of Abel and Mary, of North 

Stonington, 11 mo., 12, 1807. 
" Le\vis, of Jabez and Sarah, and Lydia Kenyon, of 

George and Martha; all of Hopkinton, 12 mo., 5 

" Hannah, and William Earle, 10 mo., 28, 1812. 
'' Thankful, and Peleg Kenyon, 3 mo., 3, 1811. 
" Dinah, and Asa Sisson, 5 mo., 27, 1818, 
" Phebe, and Job Monroe, 11 mo., 25, 1818. 
" Isaac, of Hopkinton, of Isaac and Mary, and Rachel 

Kenyon, of George dec. and Rachel, 2 mo., 13, 

" Timothy C, of Abel and Mary, of North Stoning- 

ton, and Mary Ann Gardiner, of Peleg and Han- 
nah, of South Kingstown, 10 mo., 2, 1823. 
'' Sarah, and Joseph Greene, 4 mo., 28, 1824. 
" Catherine E., and John H. Knowles, 10 nu^., 4, 

" Catherine, and William Earle, 9 mo., 22, 1829. 
" Elizabeth N., and William F. Brown, 10 mo., 7, 


South Kingstown Friends Record. 69 

Collins Ephraim C, of Hopkinton, of Isaac and Mary, and 
Mary Foster, of Othniel and Eunice, of South 
Kingstown, 4 mo., 6, 1836. 
" Luke, of Brookfield, Madison Co., N. Y., son of 
Hezekiali and Mary, of this place; and Elizabeth 
Foster, of Ethan and Temperance, 5 mo., 13, 
1811. • 
*' Abel Francis, and Electa Jane Collins; married at 

New Hartford, N. Y., 1 mo., 11, 1844. 
" Electa Jane, and Abel F. Collins, 1 mo., 11, 1844. 
'^ Thankful, and John Spencer, 3 mo., 2, 1848. 
" Mary A. and Nathaniel Hawkes, 1 mo., 29, 1856. 
*' Charles G., of Hopkinton, of Lewis and Lydia F., 
and Mary S. Knowles, of John H. and Catherine 
E., 3 mo., 10, 1859. 
" Anna Elizabeth, and Frederic Augustus Daltou, 8 
mo., 9, 1877. 
Congdon Martha, and Jonathan Hoag, 4 mo., 25, 1768. 

^' John, of William and Freelove, and Alice Knowles, 
of Joseph and Bathsheba; all of South Kingstown, 
12 mo., 21, 1780. 
" Charles, of William and Freelove, and Sarah Know- 
les, of Joseph and Bathsheba; all of South Kings- 
town, 11 mo., 14, 1782. 
" Sarah, and Simeon Perry, 5 mo., 30, 1787. 
" John, of South Kingstown, of William and Free- 
love, and Sarah Kenyon, of George and Martha, 
11 mo., 7, 179,^. 
^' Joseph, of Joseph and Susannah, and Deborah 
Rodman, of Benjamin and Hannah; all of South 
Kingstown, 2 mo., 6, 1807. 
" Ann, and Thomas Wilbur, 11 mo., 23, 1825. 
Cross Dorcas, and Joshua Gardiner, 2 mo., 10, 1803- 

70 Nakragansett Historical Register. 


Dalton Frederic Augustus, of Providence, of Hiram A. and 
Maria S., of New York City; and Anna Elizabeth 
Collins, of Peter H. and Rutli Ann, of Hopkinton, 
8 mo., 9, 1877. 
'^ Lizzie Maria, and Isaac Sutton, 8 mo., 23, 1880. 
Davis John, of Peter and Mary, of Westerly, and Patience 
Palmer, of William and Mary, of Stonington, 9 mo., 
26, 1747. 
" Lydia, and WilHam Palmer 12 mo., 8, 1749. 
" Benjamin, of Peter and Mary, of Westerly, and Mehit- 
ahle Moon, of Robert and Ann, of Exeter, 1 mo., 
23, 1752. 
'' Peter, of Westerly, and Martha Borden, widow of 
Abraham, late of Westerly, dec, 10 mo., 16, 1782. 
'' Martha, and Joseph Healey, 9 mo., 11, 1794. 
" Lois, and William S. Perry, 7 mo., 4, 1821. 
Dockray John, of Newport, son of Benjamin, of Wigton, 
England, County of Cumberland; and Mary Rob- 
inson, of William and Abigail, of South Kings- 
town, 2 mo., 17, 1757. 
" John Bigland, of John and Mary, and Mercy Peck- 
ham, of William and Mercy; all of South Kings- 
town, 11 mo., 8, 1809. 
Dye Richard, of Richmond, of John and Thankful, and Zer- 
niali Rogers, of Thomas and Elizabeth, 12 mo., 5, 
" Samuel, of Richmond, of John and Thankful, and Anna 
Rogers, of Thomas and Elizabeth, dec, 1 mo., 20, 

South Kingstown Friends Record. 71 

E • 

Earle William, of S^rraisey, Mass., of Caleb and Hannah, 
and Hannah Collins, of Amos and Thankful, of Ston- 
ing-ton, 10 mo., 28, 1812. 
" V/illiam, of Swansey, Mass., of Caleb and Hannah 
both deceased; and Catherine Collins, of Jabez and 
Sarah, dec, of Hopkinton, 9 mo., 22, 1829. 
Eldred.Emma L., and George E. Perry, 10 mo., 6, 1879. 

FoKlti Cnd, cf ^'(In rrd Mai £eiy, of Westerly, and Sarah 
Miimford, of John and Jude th; both of Exeter, 8 
mo., 4, 1750. 

" John, of Card and Sarah, of Richmond, dec, and 
Ruth Hoxsie, of Stephen and Elizabeth, of Rich- 
mond, 4- mo., 4, 1776. 

" Sarah, and James Slieffield, 1 mo., 15, 1795. 

" Ethan, of Stonington, of John and Ruth, and Tem- 
perance Eragg", of Hopkinton, of Nicliolas and 
Sarah, of Easton, N. Y., 3 mo., 12, 1801. 

^' Othniel, of Stonington, of John and Ruth, and Eu- 
nice Browning, of Jeremiah Jr. and Sarah, of this 
place, 11 mo., 10, 18,03. 

'' Martha, and Jeremiah Browning, 11 mo., 12, 1805. 

'' Elizabeth, and Thomas Perry, 11 mo., 10, 1808. 

" Ethan, of Groton son of John and Ruth, of Charles- 
town; and Mary Wilbur, of William and Anna, of 
Hopkinton, 6 mo., 3, 1824. 

" Thomas, of Ethan and Temperance, and Pliebe Wil- 
bur, of John and Lydia; all ofHopkinton, 11 mo., 
15, 1827. 

72 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Foster Judith, and John Peckham, 10 mo., 28, 1828. 
" Mary Ann, and George Shove, 11 mo., 30, 1833. 
" Mary, and Epliriam C. Collins, 4 mo., 6, 1836. 
" Ethan Jr., of Westerly, of Ethan and Temperance, of 
Hopkinton; and Anna A. Wilbur, of John and Ly- 
dia, of the latter place, 10 mo., 24, 1837. 
" Sarah, and George W. Carr, 4 mo., 4, 1838. 
" Elizabeth, and Luke Collins, 5 mo., 13, 1841. 
Fry James N., of Northbridge, Mass., of Jonathan and Amie, 
of Bolton, Mass.; and Mary Elizabeth Munroe, of Job 
and Phebe C, of North Stonington, 11 mo., 22, 1847. 


Gardiner Abigail, and Richard Smith, 4 mo., 21, 1744. 

" Joshua, of Stonington, of Abiel dec. and Ruth, 
and Dorcas Cross, of John and Susanna, of South 
Kingstown, 2 mo., 10, 1803. 
" Mary Ann, and Timothy C. Collins, 10 mo., 2, 

'' Joshua, of Joshua and Dorcas, of Stonington, and 
Elizabeth Wilbur, of Isaac and Susanna, of Hop- 
kinton, 11 mo., 10, 1825. 
'' Susan, and Gideon Wilbur, 11 mo., 13, 1828. 
Gilford William, of John and Dinah, of Westerly, and Mar- 
tha Wilkinson, widow o£ John, of Charlestown, 
3 mo., 9, 1745. 
Gorton Elizabeth, and Nathan Spencer, 3 mo., .^0, 1785. 
Greene Patience, and Preserved I^rayton, 5 mo., IS, 1758. 
" Waite, and Stephen Kilton, 12 nto., 20, 1764. 

" Joseph, of Jamestown, of Joseph and Abigail, both 

dec; and Sarah Collins, of Jabez and Sarah, of 
Hopkinton, 4 mo., 28, 1824. 

South Kingstown Friends Record, 73 


Hadsall James, of Joseph, of \^ esterly, and Rachel his wife, 
dec; and Content Worden, of Peter dec. and Re- 
becca, 8 mo., 12, 1752. 
Hawkes Natlianiel, of Ezra and Hannah, of Jackson, Waldo 
Co., Maine; and Mary A. Collins, of Timothy C. 
and Mary Ann, of South Kingstown, 1 mo., 29. 
Hazard Thomas, of Robert of Boston Neck, and Elizabeth 
Robinson, of William, o mo., 27, 1742. 
^' Thomas, of Benjamin and Mehitable dec, and Han- 
nah Knowles, of Joseph and Bathsheba; all of 
South Kingstown, 10 mo., 2, 1783. 
" George, of Richard and Susannah, both dec, and 
Sarah Knowles, of John and Susannah, dec, 8 
mo., 30, 1786. 
^' Benjamin of Thomas B. and Hannah, of South 
Kingstown, and Joanna Carr, of Peleg and Sarah, 
of Hopkinton, 5 mo., 12, 1814. 
" William ^., of Rowland and Mary, of South Kings- 
town, and Mary Wilbur, of John and Lydia, of 
Hopkinton, 10 mo., 2, 1828. 
" Sarah, and Amos C. Wilbur, 1 mo., 4, 1838. 
Healey Christopher, of Hopkinton of Joseph and Rachel, and 
Alice Sheffield, of Samuel and Elizabeth, 12 mo., 
12, 1793. 
" Joseph, of Hopkinton, of Joseph and Prudence, of 
Greenwich, and Martha Davis, of William dec. 
and Mary, of Westerly, 9 mo., 11, 1794. 
" Peter D., of Hopkinton, of Joseph and Martha, dec, 
and Elizabeth Read, of Martin and Abigail, of 
South Kingstown, 6 mo., 3, 1819. 

74 Nakragansett Historical Register. 

Hoag Jonatliaii, of Portage, CiitcheKS Co., N. Y., and Martha 
Coiigcloii, of James, late of Cliarlestowii, 4 mo., 25. 
Hoxsie Benjamin, of Charlestown, son of Jolui, of Vv^esterly, 

and Sarah Knowles, of Robert and Ann, of Char- 
lestown, 9 mo., 19, 1741. 
" Benjamin, of Charlestown, of John, of Westerly; 

and Mary Stanton, of Thomas and Mary, of Cltar- 

lestown, 11 mo., 16, 1752. 
" Martha, and George Kenyon, 3 mo., 16, 1758. 
" Mary, and Thomas Wilbur, 7 mo., 27, 1761. 
" Barnahns, of Stephen and Elizabetli, of Richmond, 

and Elizabeth Wilbur, of Thomas and Edge dec, 

12 mo., 8, 1763. 
" Bathsheba, and Joseph Collins, 3 mo., 8, 1764. 
" Anne, and Thomas Browning, 6 mo., *2, 1767. 
" Ruth, and John Foster, 4 mo., 4, 1776. 
" Dorcas, and Zebulon Weaver, 11 mo., 6, 1777. 
" Mary, and John Knowles, 1 mo., 1, 1778. 
" Benjamin, of Charlestown and Catherine Collins of 

Hopkinton, 2 mo., 7, 1782. ^ 
" Peter, of Richmond, of Solonion dec. and Mary, and 

Sarah Rathbun, widow of Joshua 3(1., deceased, 12 
, mo., 30, 1784. 
" Stephen, of Barna])us and Elizabeth, of Richmond, 

and Anna Kenyon, of George and Martha, of 

Hopkinton, 2 mo., 17, 1791. 
" Hannah, and Simeon Perry, 2 mo., 6, 1794. 
" Esther, and John Warner Knowles, 2 mo., 5, 1801. 
" Joshua, of Richmond, of Barnabus and Elizabeth, 

and Elizabeth Kenyon, of George and Mjirtha, of 

Hopkinton, 4 mo., 5, 1804. 

Sourn Kingstown Friends Eecord. 75 

Hoxsie Elizabetli, and Joshua Ratlibim, 10 mo., 18, 1804- 
" Lydia, and Thomas Rodman Knowles, 9 mo., 6, 


Irish Joseph of Jedediah and Mary, of Westeily, and Dorcas 

Sheffiekl, widow of Nathan, late of South KiuQ-s- 

town, 10 mo., 1, 1748. 
^' Job. of Jedediali and Mary, of Westerly, and Mary 

Weaver, of Thomas dec. and Mary, of this place, 

5 mo., 3, 1753. 
" Joseph, of Jedediah, of Stonington, and Sarah Anthony, 

of South Kingstown, 2 mo., 7, 1754, 

J K 

Kenyon George, of Thomas and Catherine, and Martha 
Hoxsie, of Solomon and Mary, all of Richmond, 
3 mo., 10, 1758. 

'' Mary, and John Taylor Nichols, 1 mo., 18, 1787. 

" Solomon, of George and Martha, of Hopkinton, and 
Eunice Sheffield, of Elisha and Lydia, of South 
Kingstov/n, 3 mo., 5, 1789. 

^' Anna, and Stephen Hoxsie, 2 mo., 17, 1791. 

" George, of Hopkinton, of George and Martha, and 
Rachel Sheffield, of Elisha and Lydia, of South 
Kingstown, 11 mo., 14, 1793. 

^' Sarah, and John Congdon, 11 mo., 7, 1799. 

^' Catherine, and Woodman Wilbur, 12 mo., 8, 1803. 

" Elizabeth, and Joshua Hoxsie, 4 mo., 5, 1804. 

^'- John H., of George and Martha, of Hopkinton, and 
Ruth Collins, of Anuis and Thankful of Ston- 
ington, 11 mo., 8, 1804. 

Narjiagansett Historical Register. 76 

Kenyoii Lydia, and Lewis Collins, 12 mo., 5, 1811. 

" Peleg, of Solomon and Eunice, and Thankful Collins, 
of Isaac and Mary; all of Richmond, 3 mo., 3 
" Rachel, and Isaac Collins, 2 mo., 13, 1823. 
" John T., of Solomon and Eunice, and Sarah S. Wil- 
bur, of John and Lydia; all of Ho})kinton, 5 
mo., 13, 1824. 
" Bathsheba, and Isaiah Ray, 1 mo., 13, 1828. 
" Mary C, and William A. Sherman, 4 mo., 28, 1841. 
Kilton Stephen, of Providence, and Waite Greene, of David 
and Mary, of North Kingstown, 12 mo., 20, 1764. 
Knowles Sarah, and Benjamin Hoxsie, 9 mo., 19, 1741. 

Susannah, and William Underwood, 11 mo., 19, 
" Joseph, of Robert and Ann, and Bathsheba Seager, 
of John and Alice; all of South Kingstown, 10 
mo., 11, 1753. 
" Ann, and Jonathan Reynolds, 12 mo., 11, 1755. 
" Robert, of John, and Catherine Rodman, of Benja- 
min; all of South Kingstown, 10 mo., 31, 1774. 
" John, of Richmond, of John and Hannah, deceased, 
and Mary Hoxsie, of Stephen and Elizabeth, 1 
mo., 1, 1778. 
" Alice, and John Congdon, 12 mo., 21, 1780. 
" Sarah, and Charles Congdon, 11 mo., 14, 1782. 
" Robert, of Joseph and Bathsheba, and Lucy Anna 
Rodman, of Benjamin and Hannah; all of South 
Kingstown, 11 mo., 21, 1782. 
" Hannah, and Thomas Hazard, 10 mo., 2, 1783. 
" Sarah, and George Hazard, 8 mo., 30, 1786. 
" John Warner, of South Kingstown, of Robert and 

South Kingstown Friends Record. 77 

Catherine, and Esther Hoxsie, of Barnabus and 
Elizabeth, of Richmond, 2 mo., 5, 1801. 
Knowles Hannah, and John Knowles, 4 mo., 14, 1803. 

" John, of Richmond, of John deceased, and Mary, and 
Hannah Knowles of Robert and Lncy Anna, of 
Sonth Kingstown, 4 mo., 14, 1803. 

" Thomas Rodman, of Robert and Catherine, of Sonth 
Kingstown, and Lydia Hoxsie, of Barnabus and 
Elizabeth, of Richmond, 9 mo., 6, 1810. 

" Catherine, and Solomon B. Boss, 5 mo., 25, 1813. 

^' John H., of Richmond, of John and Hannah, and 
Catherine E. Collins, of Hopkinton, of Isaac and 
Mary, 10 mo., 4, 1827. 

" Mary S., and Charles G. Collins, 3 mo., 10, 1859. 

L M 

Mitchell Joseph, of Nantucket, of George and Phebe, and 
Elizabeth Ray, of Isaiah and Mary, of Hopkin- 
ton, 6 mo., 8, 1841. 
Moon Sarah, and Card Foster, 8 mo., 4, 1750. 

" Mehitable, and Benjamin Davis, 1 mo., 23, 1752. 
Munroe Job, of John and Parthenia, of Plainfield, Conn., 
and Phebe Collins, of Abel and Mary, of Stoning- 
ton, 11 mo., 25, 1818. 
" Mary Elizabeth, and James N. Fry, 11 mo., 22, 1847. 


Nichols John Taylor, of South Kingstown, of Andrew, and 
Anne, and Mary Kenyon, of George and Martha, 
of Hopkinton, 1 mo., 18, 1787. 
" Sarah Ann, and William H. Perry, 11 mo., 9, 1854. 

Niles Hannah, and Benjamin Rodman, 3 mo., 29, 1753. 

78 Narragansett Historical Register. 

o P 

Palmer Patience, and John Davis, 9 mo., 26, 1747. 

" William, of William and Mary, of Stonington, and 
Lydia Davis, of Peter and Mary of Westerly, 12 
mo., 8, 1749. 
" Elizabeth, and Rowland Robinson, 7 mo., 26, 1756. 
Parker James, of George dec. and Elizabeth of West Green- 
wich, and Elizabeth Sherman, of Ezekiel and 
Margeret, of Richmond, 2 mo., 1, 1763. 
Parke .fohn, of Nathaniel, of Preston, Conn., and Patience 

Wage, of Joshua dec. 3 mo., 30, 1767. 
Peckham Sarah, and Acors Rathbun 2 mo., 12, 1794. 

" Alice, and Rowland Rathbun, 10 mo., 14, 1801. 
" Mercy, and John Bigland Dockray, 11 mo., 8, 

" Dorcas, and Hezekiah Babcock, 1 mo., 28, 1813. 
" John, of Little Compton, of Isaac and Pliebe dec. 
and Judith Foster, of CharlestoAvn, of John and 
Ruth, 10 mo., 28, 1828. 
Perry James, of James, of South Kingstown, and Mercy 
Potter, of John dec, 3 mo., 3, 1750. 
" Alice and Sylvester Robinson, 12 mo., 18, 1755. 
'" Ste})hen, of Charlestown, of Samuel dec and Eliza- 
beth Borden, of Abraham, of Westerly, 6 mo., 2, 
" Simeon, of Charlestown, of Samuel and Susannah, 
both dec, and Anna Browning, of South Kings- 
town, widow of Thomas, and daughter of Solomon 
and Mary Hoxsie, of Richmond, 4 mo., 29, 1776. 
" Simeon, of CharlestoAvn, of Samuel and Susannah, 
both dec. and Sarah Congdon, widow of John and 
dau. of Joseph aud Mary Hoxsie, 5 mo., 30, 1787. 

South Kingstown Friends Record. 79 

Prrey Sarah, and Solomon Collins, 3 mo., 8, 1792. 

" Simeon, of Cliarlestown, of Samuel and Susannah, 
and Hannah Hoxsie, of Richmond, of Stephen 
and Elizabeth, 2 mo., 6, 1794. 
^' Thomas, of Simeon and Anna, of Cliarlestown, and 
Elizabeth Foster, of John and Ruth, of North 
/ Stonington, 11 mo., 10, 1808. 
^' W illiam S., and Lois Davis, both of South Kingstown, 

7 mo., 4, 1821. . 
" William H., of William S. and Lois, and Sarah Ann 

Nichols, 11 mo., 9, 1854. 
" Mary P., and John Babcock, 9 mo., 23, 1856. 
" George E., and Emma L. Eldred, 10 mo., 6, 1879. 
Potter Mercy, and James Perry, 3 mo., 3, 1750. 

Q R 

Rathbun Joshua, of Joshua, of Westerly and Sarah Borden, 

of Abraham, 10 mo., 30, 1766. 
" Acors, and Lydia Robinson, of John, 11 mo., 9, 

Sarah, and Peter Hoxsie, 12 mo., 30, 1784. 
^' Acors, of Joshua and Sarah, of Stonington, and 

Sarah Peckliam, of William and Mercy, of So. 

Kingstown, 2 mo., 12, 1794. 
^' Dorcas, and Joshua Bradley, 1 mo., 1, 1801. 
' Rowland, of Acors and Lydia, of Stonington, and 

Alice Peckham, of William and Mercy, of So. 

Kingstown, 10 mo., 14, 1801. 
" Lydia, and John H. Weaver, 11 mo., 10, 1803. 
" Joshua, of Acors and Lydia, of Stonington, and 

Elizabeth Hoxsie, of Peter and Sarah, of Rich- 
mond, 10 mo., 18, 1804. 

80 Narragansett Historical Register. 

" Francis H., of Rowland, . of Smitlilield, and Sarah 
W. Brown, of William and Ann, of So. Kings- 
town, 9 mo., 24, 1832. 
Ray Isaiah, of Alexander and Elizabeth, and Bathsheba Ken- 
yon, of George and Martha, dec. all of Hopkinton, 
1 mo., 31, 1828. ^ 

" Isaiah, of Alexander and Elizabeth, and Skjsan C. 
Wilbnr, of John and Lydia, of Hopkinton, 3 mo., 
4, 1841. 
" Elizabeth, and Joseph Mitchell, 6 mo., 8, 1841. 
Read Elizabeth, and Peter D. Healey, 6 mo., 3, 1819. 
Reynolds Jonathan of John and Hannah, of Exeter, and Ann 
Knowles, of Robert and Ann, of South Kings- 
town, 12 mo., 11, 1755. 
Robinson Elizabeth, and Thomas Hazard, 3 mo., 27, 1742. 
" Abigail, and John Wanton, 10 mo., 8, 1752. 
" Sylvester, of South Kingstown, of William and 
Abigail, and Alice Perry, of James and Anna, 
12 mo., 18, 1755. 
" Rowland of Westerly, of John and Elizabeth, Pal- 
mer, of William, of Stonington, 7 mo., 26, 1756. 
" Mary, and John Dockray, 2 mo., 17, 1757. 
" John, of Hopkinton, and Sarah Weaver, daughter 

of Peter Davis, of Westerly, 6 mo., 3, 1773. 
" Lydia, and Acors Rathbun, 11 mo., 9, 1775 
" Anna Atmore, and Stephen Abbott Chase, 7 mo., 
■ 26, 1830. 
Rodman Benjamin, of South Kingstown, of Thomas, and 
Hannah Niles, of Jamestown, of Nathaniel, 3 mo., 
29, 1753. 
" Catherine, and Robert Knowles, 10 mo., 31, 1774. 
" Lucy Anna, and Robert Knowles 11 mo., 21, 1782. 

South Kingstown Friends Record. 81 

Roclman Ruth, and Jonathan Babcock, 1 mo., 29, 1795. 

" Deborah, and Joseph Congdon, 2 mo., 6, 1807. 
Rogers Zerniah, and Richard Dye, 12 mo., 5, 1782. 

" Anna, and Samnel Dye, 1 mo., 20, 1785. 


Seager Joseph, of John and Alice, of South Kingstown, and 
Mary Taylor, of William and Ann, of said town, 
11 mo., 21, 1750. 

" Bathsheba, and Joseph Knowles, 10 mo., 11, 1753. 
Sheffield Dorcas, and Joseph Irish, 10 mo., 1, 1748. 

" Dorcas, and Woodman Wilbur, 4 mo., 6, 1769. 

" Sarah, and Thomas Wilbur, 1 mo., 15, 1784. 

" Hannah, and Joseph Collins, 2 mo., 5, 1789. 

" Eunice, and Solomon Kenyon, 3 mo., 5, 1789. 

" Rachel, and George Kenyon, 11 mo., 14, 1793. 

" Alice, and Christopher Healey, 12 mo., 12, 1793. 

'■'■ James, of Ilopkinton, son of Samuel and Elizabeth, 
and Sarah Foster, of John and Ruth, of Rich- 
mond, 1 mo., 15, 1795. 

" John, of James and Sarah, of Richmontl, and Anna 
Wilbur, of William and Anna, of Hopkinton^ 
6 mo., 28, 1820. 

" Samuel, of Richmond, son of James dec. and Sarah, 
and Amie Browning, of Christopher and Martha, 
of South Kingstown, 9 mo., 13, 1829. 
Sherman Elizabeth, and James Parker, 2 mo., 1, 1763. 

" William A., of Fall River, of Lot dec. and Isabella, 
and Mary C. Kenyon, of Peleg and Thankful, of 
Hopkinton, 4 mo., 28, 1841. 
Shove Josiah, of Mendon, Mass., son of Nathaniel and Han- 

82 Narragansett Historical Register. 

nail, late of Dighton, Mass.; and Sarah Wilbur, 
of Hopkinton, of William Sheffield and Lonis, 9 
mo., 22, 1818. 
Shove Calvin, of Thomas and Hannah, of Uxbridge, Mass., 
and Sarah T. Wilbur, of William and Anna, of 
Hopkinton, 9 mo., 23 1823. 
" George, of Smithfield, of Thomas B. and Hannah, of 
Uxbridge, Mass.; and Mary Ann Foster, of Ethan 
and Temperance, of Hopkinton, 11 mo., 30, 1833. 
Sissou Asa, of North Providence, of Joseph and Ruth, of 
Seakonk, Mass.; and Dinah Collins, of Jabez and 
Sarah, of Hopkinton, 5 mo., 27, 1818. 
Smith Richard, of James, of Groton, Conn., and Abigail 
Gardiner, of Stephen, late of Warwick, Conn., 4. 
mo., 21, 1744. 
Spencer Nathan, of East Greenwich, of William and Marge- 
ret, and Elizabeth Gorton, of John, of South 
Kingstown, 3 mo., 30, 1785. 
" John, of Westerly, of Fones and Sarah of East 
Ghreenwich; and Thankful Collins, of North 
Stonington, dan. of Abel and Mary A., 3 mo., 2, 
Stanton Mary, and Benjamin Hoxsie, 11 mo., 16, 1752. 
Sutton Isaac, of Providence, of Aaron and Mary, and Lizzie 
Maria Dalton, of Hiram A. and Maria S., of New 
York City, 8 mo., 23, 1880. 

Taylor Mary, and Joseph Seager, 11 mo., 24, 1750. 

South Kingstown Friends Record. 83 


Underwood William, of South Kingstown, of William dec, 
of Newport; and Susannah Knowles, of Henry 
dec, of South Kingstown, 11 mo., 19, 1743. 

V w 

Wage Patience, and John Parke, 3 mo., 30, 1767. 
Wanton John, of Gideon and Mary, of Newport, and Abigail 
Robinson, of William dec and Abigail, of South 
Kingstown, 10 mo., 8, 1752. 
Weaver Maiy, and Job Irish, 5 mo., 3, 1753. 

" Sarah, and John Robinson, 6 mo., 3, 1773. 

" Zebulon, of Thomas dec and Sarah, of Westerly, 
and Dorcas Hoxsie, of John, late of Newport, 
dec, and Mary, 11 mo., 6, 1777. 

" John H., of Hopkinton, of Zebulon and Dorcas, and 
Lydia Rathbun, of Stonington, of Acors and 
Lydia, 11 mo., 10, 1803. 
Wilbur Thomas, of Hopkinton, son of William and Esther, 
of Little Compton; and Mary Hoxsie, of Solomon 
and Mary, of Richmond, 7 mo., 27, 1761. 

" Elizabeth, and Barnabus Hoxsie, 12 mo., 8, 1763. 

" Woodman, of Thomas and Edith, dec, of Hopkin- 
ton, and Dorcas Sheffield, of same town, dau., of 
Nvthan and Dorcas, dec, 4 mo., 6, 1769. 

" Thomas Jr., of Hopkinton, of Thomas and Mary, 
and Sarah Sheffield, of William and Lois, of 
South Kingstown, 1 mo., 15, 1784, 

" William, of Thomas and Mary, of Hopkinton, and 
Anna Bragg, of Nicholas and Sarah, of Easton, 
Albany Co., N. Y., 6 mo., 3, 1790. 

'' Mary, and Abel Collins, 10 mo., 14, 1790. 

84 Nakragansett Historical Register. 

Wilbur John, son of Thomas and Mary, of Hopkinton, and 
Lydia Collins, of Stonington, dau. of Amos and 
Thankful, 10 mo., 17, 1793. 

" Isaac, son of Thomas and Mary, of Hopkinton, and 
Susanna Wilcox, of Elislia and Elizabeth, of 
Exeter, 10 mo., 15, 1794. 

" Mary, and Jabez Wing, 1 mo., 30, 1799. 

" Woodman, of Thomas and Edith, of Hopkinton, and 
Catherine Kenyon, of George and Martha, of 
this town, 12 mo., 8, 1803. 

" Sarah, and Josiah Shove, 9 mo., 22, 1818. 

'' Anna, and John Sheffield, 6 mo., 28, 1820. 

" Sarah T., and Calvin Shove, 9 mo., 23, 1823. 

" Sarah S., and John T. Kenyon, 5 mo., 13, 1824. 

" Mary, and Ethan Foster, 6 mo., 3, 1824. 

" Elizabeth, and Joshua Gardiner, 11 mo., 10, 1825. 

" Thomas, of Swansey, Mass., son of John and Lydia, 
of Hopkinton, and Ann Congdon, of John and 
Sarah, of the latter town, 11 mo., 23, 1825. 

" Phebe, and Thomas Foster, 11 mo., 15, 1827. 

'' Mary, and William R. Hazard, 10 mo., 2, 1828. 

" Gideon, of Hopkinton, of Isaac and Susiinnah, and 
Susan Gardiner, of Joshua and Dorcas, of Ston- 
ington, 11 mo., 13, 1828. 

" Anna A., and Ethan Foster, 10 mo., 24, 1837. 

" Amos C, of South Kingstown, son of John and 

Lydiii, of Hopkinton, and Sarah Hazard, of So. 

Kingstown, dau. of Benjamin and Joanna, 1 nu)., 

4, 1838. 
" Susan C, and Isaiah Ray, 3 mo., 4, 1841. 
Wilcox Susanna, and Isaac Wilbur, 10 mo., 15, 1794. 
Wilkinson Martha,, and William Gilford, 3 mo., 9, 1745. 

South Kingstown Friends Record. 85 

Willicims John D. of South Kingstown, son of David and 
Mary, of Newport, and Hannah Brown, of 
William and Ann, of South Kingstown, 10 mo., 
3, 1822. 
" Thomas of Troy, N. Y., son of John and Jane, both 
dec, of South Kingstown; and Anna Brown, of 
South Kingstown, dau. of Wilham and Ann, 
9 mo., 12, 1826. 

Wing Jahez, of Smithfield, and Mary Wilbur, widow of 
Thomas, of Hopkinton, 1 mo., 30, 1799. 

Worden Content, and James Hadsall, 8 mo., 12, 1752. 

X Y Z 

Nothing recorded under these letters. 

A liberal installment of the Births and Deaths will he 

jnihlished in our next. 

The Leiois Letter Vol. I. — We have just received this 
interesting little monthly, and must say that we are very 
much pleased with the plan here followed. The plan certainly 
on the point of economy is the wisest one that could be adopt, 
ed and be made to work successfully. It is worthy of imita- 
tion by other families. 

Compendium of the Tenth Census. — Through the kind- 
ness of the Hon. Secretary of the Interior, and Congressman 
Spooner, we have been favored with a copy of this laborous 
work. Much information and of great value, can be found 
in this work whi(;li deserves to be well studied by those inter- 
ested in the objects treated. 


Early in the present century ( 1808 - 1815 ), Colonel 
William Rhodes, of Pawtiixet, R. I., wrote a letter to Dr. 
Solomon Drowne, of Foster, R. L, enclosing two samples of 
fine Broad Cloth, the one black, the other green; which he 
s tated were the first two pieces of fine Broad Cloth woven by 
looms moved by water power in Rhode Island. The letter 
with the samples I found nearly twenty years ago amongst 
some papers in a garret of the Drowne Mansion at Mount 
Hygeria, North Foster. I have at the present time samples 
of both pieces of cloth, wliieh the family permitted me to 
take. It is my impression that the cloth was woven at Belle- 
font, R. I., the manufacturing firm at one time was Robert 
Rhodes & Sons, and later; William Rhodes & Co. What 
caused me to look for these samples, was the fact that Col, 
Rhodes, ( whose guest I frequently was when I visited Patux. 
et ), told me several years previously, he had presented a 
sample of clothes from the first piece of fine Broad-cloth wov- 
en by Water Power in Rhode Island to President Madison. 
After the death of Col. Rhodes, I enquired of his family if 
there remained any sample of the cloth and was told that they 
did not recollect of his having mentioned the circumstances 
of the cloth or the gift. In looking over several letters ad- 
dressed by William Rhodes to my grand-father, Dr. Solomon 
Drowne. I noticed that whatever progress was made in arts, 
manufacturing, or agriculture Avas generally communicated, 
and. Dr. Drowne was several times invited to address the 
Rhode Island Society for the Encouragement of Domestic In- 

Rhode Island Broadcloth. 87 

diistry, at its annual fairs in Pawtuxet, by Col. Rhodes. The 
letter herewith of William Drowne to Dr. Drowne, is corrob- 
oration of the manufacturing ability of Messrs William 
Rhodes & Co., as will be perceived. I have a letter about 
Teasels in 1809 from James Rhodes Drowne. 

Henry T. Drowne. 
New York, March 4, 1878. 

Foster, Jan'y, 9th., 1815. 

Honored Sir: 

We send the cloth to be dressed by Messrs 
William Rhodes & Co., who dress cloth better than in any 
other place in New England, if not in the United States. 
Since I have been there, cloth has frequently been sent from 
Boston and other distant places, and they all give them the 
preference. All of us boys prefer having a handsome green 
to a black. Henry will show you a piece of green, and we 
wish you to take your choice either green or black, and Henry 
will tell Jackson what color you want according. I have 
written to Mr. Jackson about it and it will be best to have it 
under way immediately that it may be finished by the next 
time we go to town. As you have always had black coats, 
our folks think you had better have a green one, but we leave 
it entirely at yonr option and you will please give directions 
about it, &c. 

In haste, — Respectfully I remain your dutiful son; 

William Drowne. 
To Dr. Solomon Drowne. 

The Rhode Island Manuel, 1888 - 89. — We beg 
to acknowledge the receipt of this invaluable annal. It is 
pleasing to us to note that new and interesting features have 
been added and much historical information. To Mr. Cross, 
we are also indebted for other courtesies. 

£8 Nauuagansett Historical Register. 

Removed. — We take i)leaRure in informing our friends 
and patrons, that we have removed the business oflice of the 
REGISTER, to No. 30 Eddy street. Room 29, City Hall 
Block; where in future, we would be pleased to have our let- 
ters and favors addressed, and where we shall ever be pleased 
to see all of our friends, who may be disposed to call upon us. 
This removal has caused a delay in the issue of this number, 
But will hasten the issue of succeeding ones of this volume. 
We here extend our thanks to all our kind friends who have 
aided us in making this change so very ageeable as well as 
desirable to us. With the better facilities now afforded, we 
are in hopes of being able to do better and more effectual 
work than has before been in our power. This will depend 
very much however, how well our patrons keep us supplied 
with funds and now, that we have so fine a location for do. 
ing our work, we shall hope that our kind friends will not 
allow us to suffer from this neglect on their part. Let us 
work together and see how much good work can be accomp- 
lished by this united action. 

Announcement. — In the next number of the Register we 
shall commence the publication of the Baptisms of St. Paul's 
Church, Narragansett. This Record will open up a mine of 
solid information to the genealogical student. Mrs. Gregory, 
the lady who has been so kind as to make a copy of these 
records for us, deserves also, the thanks of the public for the 
careful and scholarly manner in which she has accomplished 
her work. 


A Historical Magazine for the, People. 


PUBLISHERS. I $2 ^;er annum j editor. 

Vol. VII. Providence, R. I., April, 1889. No. 2. 

By Ray Greene Huliiig, A. M., New Bedford, Mass. 

HODE ISLANDERS emigrating to Nova Scotia ? 
How is that ? We are not unacquainted with migra- 
tions from our Httle state, - all too small from the 
outset to contain the adventurous spirit of her sons. Now 
they carry our well known names to spread over Long Island 
and the Jerseys. Again, they colonize the western hills of 
the Bay State, and move northward to the Green Mountains. 
Then they flock to the banks of the Hudson and the ill-fated 
valley of Wyoming. Central New York abounds with their 
descendants, and of the later waves of migration to the re- 
moter states and the Pacific slope there is no need to speak. 
" Westward the star of empire takes its way," says Bancroft, 
and the Rhode Islander seems ever to have had his eye upon 
that luminary. 


Narragansett Historical Register. 

But ^vheii did a colony turn eastward to Nova Scotia ? 
Ah yes! They must have heen a group of Tories, paying- 
by exile and loss of estates the penalty for adherence to King 
George in the terrible days of the Revolution. Some such 
there^'were from the southern counties of the state, it is true, 
but I cannot learn that they united in any settlement in Nova 


No ! The colony of which I speak left the parent stock 
when all were alike loyal to the sovereign of Great Britain, - 
indeed at just the juncture when it was the proudest boast of 
every New Englander that he was a British subject. For 
there were almost then sounding on the air the cannon which 
announced the fall of the fleur-de-lis over all America and 
the universal rule upon this western land of English law and 
Saxon civiHzation. These colonists went out not by compul- 
sion but by free choice, and indeed upon an urgent invitation. 
Their aim was simply to open new homes, as had their fathers, 
in a new land and on richer sod. 

One of the saddest episodes in the long struggle for su- 
premacy between the French and the English on this conti- 
nent was the expatriation of the Acadians. Longfellow in 
his Evangeline has told us, with a poet's Hcense, all the mel- 
ancholy story, - and even more. Our historical reading has, 
no doubt, explained the sad necessity of the step as a military 
precaution, but the pictures limned by the poet grow even 
brighter as our eye rest upon the scenes described. 

" This is the forest primeval. The murmuring pines and 

the hemlocks, 
Bearded with moss, and in garments green, indistinct in 

the twilight. 
Stand like the Druids of eld, with voices sad and prophetic, 
Stand like harpers hoar, with beards that rest on their 


The emigration to Nova Scotia. 91 

Loud from his rocky caverns, the deep voiced neighboring 

Speaks, and in accents disconsolate answers the wails of 

the forest. 

* * * * * * ## 

In the Acadian land, on the shores of the Basin of Minas, 
Distant, secluded, still, the little village of Grand-Pre 
Lay in the fruitful valley. Vast meadows stretched to the 

Giving the village its name, and pasture to flocks without 

Dikes, that the hands of the farmers had raised with labors 

Shut out the turbulent tides ; but at stated seasons the 

Opened, and welcomed the sea to wander at will o'er the 

West and south there were fields of flax, and orchards and 

Spreading afar and unfenced o'er the plain; and away to 

the northward 
Blomidon rose, and the forests old ; and aloft on the moun- 
Sea fogs pitched their tents, and mists from the mighty 

Looked on the happy valley, but ne'er from their station 


Such pictures as these it was that attracted to Acadia, with- 
in five years after the expulsion of the French inhabitants, 
the nucleus of the colony from Rhode Island, of which this 
paper treats. 

92 Nabragansett Historical Register. 

The country comprising the Maritime Provinces was in 
the hands of the French and the English by turns until the 
year 1713, when by the Peace of Utrecht Acadia was ceded 
by France to Great Britain, in whose possession it has ever 
since remained. For many years later, however, the only Eng- 
lish in the district were the troops at the various posts scat- 
tered over the country and a few civilians connected with the 
government, and with the supply of the army. The inhabi- 
tants of Nova Scotia were chiefly French farmers and fisher- 
men, living mainly about the Minas Basin and on the Anna- 
polis River. Over these the English government maintained 
but a feeble control. In 1749 the English themselves laid 
the foundation for a settlement on the beautiful and capacious 
harbor of Chebucto and named it Halifax. A jealousy soon 
sprang up between these English settlers and their French 
neighbors, the nearest of whom were at Pisiquid, now Wind- 
sor, some forty-five miles away. Soon war was renewed be- 
tween the English and the French Governments, during which 
both the Acadian settlers and the Indians in Nova Scotia^ 
though professedly neutral, were found in ardent sympathy 
with the enemy. Blood and religion were stronger than po- 
litical relations. The Acadians repeatedly refused to take the 
oath of allegiance to the British Crown, except one so modi- 
fied as to exclude service against the French. Moreover, the 
restless young spirits among them, either openly or in disguise, 
were found engaged with the Canadians and Indians in forays 
ag^ainst the Eno-Hsh. The English Governor, Charles Lawren- 
ce, clearly saw that the Acadian settlements on the Ariuapolis 
and the Basin of Minas offered a constant rendezvous for 
attack upon the feeble settlement of Haiil'ax, and determined 
upon the forcible removal of the French to the southern col- 
onies, with such dispersion of them as would effectually pre- 
vent their concerted' return. To accomplish this required 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 93 

liasty and secret preparations. No word was sent even to 
the Home Government tliongli the two Admirals on the sta- 
tion were consulted. Seizing an opportune moment when a 
New England force under Lieut. Col. John Winslow was at 
hand, brought thither for the capture of the French forts at 
the head of the Bay of Fundy, Governor Lawrence instructed 
his officers to collect the Acadians in the whole region , pre- 
vent any from escaping and put all on board transports which 
would be provided. Families were to be kept together as 
far as possible- The work was done by ^Vinslow at Grand- 
Pre and that neighborhood, and by Capt. Murray at Pisiquid. 
The blow fell early in September 1755, and was made by the 
New England troops as light as their orders permitted. After 
a little waiting, in order to bring in the men who had fled to 
the woods, the vessels sailed bearing three thousand souls 
from home and native land to various points along the coast 
in what is now the United States. To preclude a return the 
houses about Grand-Pre, certainly, were burned, but elsewhere 
the work seems to liave been less complete. 

The government at Halifax had now its will. The mass 
of the Acadian settlers had been driven from their homes, the 
houses and barns had been fired, and the stock slaughtered 
or left to become Avild. The scattered remnant of the farmers 
and fishermen were hiding in the woods, or had hurried to 
the Indian camps, or else had taken refuge with the French 
upon the St. Lawrence. The rich dil^e lands lay without 
care, the orchards were of no use to man, the uplands bore 
no crops. Some of the fairest spots Nature had planted upon 
the Atlantic, rendered fairer by the improvements of man 
for more than a century, were now relapsing to wilderness 
because of neglect. Settlers, therefore, were earnestly looked 
for, - settlers whose allegiance should be undoubted, and 

94 Narkagansett Historical Register. 

whose riglit arms might ever he ready for service in the wars 

of Britain. 

The Home Government desired that the vacant hinds 
should he distributed among disbanded sokliers, hut Govern- 
or Lawrence strenuously opposed this. A soldier himself, 
he maintained that no class of persons was hy previous tram- 
ing so unfitted to become the founders of a new country as 
soldiers. Every soldier who had come to Hahfax, he added 
from his personal observation, had either returned to Eng- 
land or become a dramseller. The new settlers must be men 
of a different type. 

To this sensible remonstrance the Lords of Trade acceded. 
Governor Lawrence was left free to pursue his own plans for 
the peopling of the despoiled farms. With excellent judge- 
ment the Governor turned for help to the stout-hearted colo- 
nists at the southwest, by whose valor and perseverance so 
much of the work of winning new France for the British 
Crown had been accomplished. A proclamation was adopted 
in Council Oct. 12, 1758, relating to the settlement of the 
vacated French lands. Printed descriptions were circulated 
in which the advantages of the soil were highly praised. 

The Governor announced that he was ready to receive 
proposals for the settlement of this region, containing " one 
hundred thousand acres of intervale plow lands, producing 
wheat, rye, barley, oats, hemp, flax, etc., which have been 
cultivated for than a hundred years past and never fail 
of crops nor need manuring. Also more than one hundred 
thousand acres of upland, cleared and stocked with English 
grass, planted with orchards, gardens etc. These lands with 
good husbandry produce often two loads of hay to the acre. 
The wild and unimproved lands adjoining to the above are 
well timbered and wooded with beech, black birch, ash, oak, 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 95 

pine, fir etc. All these lands are so intermixed that every 
single farmer may have a proportionate quantity of plowland 
grass land and wood land, and all are situated about the Bay 
of Fundi upon rivers navigable for ships of burthen." 

Throughout New England, and especially south-eastern 
New England, this flattering proclamation excited great in- 
terest. There were enough old soldiers of the French Wars, 
who had seen service at Louisburg and Fort Cumberland, or 
had been the agents in expelling the Acadian farmers, to 
confirm by word of mouth the accuracy of the statements 
made in the proclamation. Consequently the Nova Scotian 
agent at Boston, Thomas Hancock, ( the uncle of John Han- 
cock of Revolutionary fame ), then the richest and most in- 
fluential merchant of the town, soon had several propositions 
to submit to Governor Lawrence. There were numerous set- 
tlers ready to come, but as the proclamation had been silent 
on all points except the quality of the land, his Excellency 
was required to state in explicit terms, the nature of the con- 
stitution, the protection to be afforded to the civil and relig- 
ious liberties of the subject, and the extent of the elective 
franchise of the people. There had been too much of stern 
conflict upon these points by the people of New England for 
such considerations to be ignored. 

Their answer was soon ready for them. Jan. 11, 1759, 
Governor Lawrence sent forth from the Council Chamber at 
Halifax, a second proclamation, - a most important state pa- 
per, which, as it contains the solemn assurance of the Gov- 
ernment on the points named above, has been not inaptly 
styled, says Judge Haliburton, the Charter of Nova Scotia. 
It is worth quoting in full. 


Narkagansett Historical Register. 

'^ By his Excellency diaries Lawrence, Esq., Captain Gen- 
eral and Governor-in-chief, in and over his Majesty's Prov- 
ince of Nova Scotia, or Acadia, in America, Vice Admiral 

of the same, etc., etc. _ i ^ i .1 

" Whereas since the issning of the proclamation dated the 
l^th day of Oct. 1758, relative to settling the vacant lands 
in tliis Province, I have been informed by Thomas Hancock, 
Esq Agent for the affairs of Nova Scotia, at Boston, that 
smidry applications have l)een made to him in consequence 
thereof, by persons who are desirons of setthng the said 
lands, and of knowing what particular encouragement the 
Government will give them, whether any allowance of provi- 
sions will be given at their first settlement, what quantity of 
land will be given to each person, what quit rents they are 
to pay, what the constitution of the Government is, whether 
any, and what taxes are to be paid, and whether they will be 
allowed the free exercise of their rehgion? I have therefore 
thought fit, with the advice of his Majesty's Council, to issue 
this proclamation, hereby declaring, in answer to the said 
enquiries, that by his Majesty's Royal instructions, I am 
empowered to make grants on the following proportions: 

That townships are to consist of one hundred thousand 
acres of land, that they do include the best and most profit- 
able land, and also tliat they do comprehend such rivers as 
may be at or near such settlement and to extend as far up 
into the Country as conveniently may be, taking in a necessary 
part of the sea-coast. That the quantities of land granted 
will be in proportion to the abilities of the planter to settle, 
cultivate, and enclose the same. That one hundred acres of 
wild wood land will be allowed to every person, being master 
or mistress of a family, for himself or herself, and fifty acres 
for every white or black man, woman, or child, of which such 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 97 

person's fauiilj shall consist at the actual time of makinp- the 
grant, subject to the payment of a quit rent of one shilling 
sterling per annum for every fifty acres; such quit rent to 
commence at the expiration of ten years from the date of each 
grant, and to be paid for his Majesty's use to his Receiver 
General, at Halifax, or to his Deputy on the spot. 

" That the grantees will be obliged by their said grants to 
plant, cultivate, improve, or enclose, one third part of their 
lands within the space of ten years, another third part within 
the space of twenty years and the remaining third part within 
the space of thirty years, from the date of their grants. That 
no one person can possess more than one thousand acres by 
grant, on his or their own name. 

" That every grantee, upon giving proof that he or she has 
fulfilled the terms and conditions of his or her orants, shall 
be entitled to another grant in the proportion and upon the 
conditions above mentioned. That the Government of Nova 
Scotia is constituted like those of the neighbouring Colonies; 
the Legislature consisting of a Governor, Council, and House 
of Assembly, and every township, as soon as it shall consist 
of fifty families, will be entitled to send two Representatives 
to the General Assembly. The Courts of Justice are also 
constituted in like manner with those of the Massachusetts, 
Connecticut, and other Northern Colonies. That as to the 
article of religion fidl liberty of conscience, both of his Ma- 
jesty's royal instiucticns and a late act of the General Assem- 
ly of this Province, is secured to persons of all persuasions, 
Papists excepted, as may more fully appear by the following- 
abstract of the said act, viz : - 

' Protestants dissenting from the Church of England, 
whether they be Calvinists, Lutherans, Quakers, or under 


Naiuiagansbtt Historical Register. 

what denomination soever, shall have free liberty of conscience, 
and may erect and build Meeting Honses for public worship, 
and may choose and elect Ministers for the carrying- on divine 
service, and administration of the sacrament, according tx) 
their several opinions, and all contracts made between then- 
Ministers and congregations for the support of their Ministry 
are hereby declared valid, and shall have their full force and 
effect according to the tenor and conditions thereof, and all 
such Dissenters shall be excused from any rates or taxes to be 
made or levied for the support of the Estabhshed Church of 

England.' i • tv/t • 4- ' 

" That no taxes have hitherto been laid upon his Majesty s 

subjects within this Province, nor are there any fees of ofBce 

taken upon issuing the grants of land. 

" That I am not authorized to issue any bounty of provis- 
ions • and I do hereby declare that I am ready to lay out the 
lands and make grants immediately under the conditions 
above described, and to receive and transmit to the Lords 
Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, in order that the , 
same may be laid ^^before his IMajesty for approbation, sncli , 
further proposals as may be offered by any body of people, , 
for settling an entire township under other conditions that 
they may conceive more advantages to the undertakeis. , 

" That forts are established in the neighborhood of the | 
lands proposed to be settled, and are garrisoned by his Majes- 
ty's troops, with a view of giving all manner of aid and pro- 
tection to the settlers, if hereafter there should be need. 

Given in the Council Chamber at Halifax, this 11th., day 
of January, 1759, in the :32nd- year of His Majesty's reign. 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 99 

The significance of this document in one respect must have 
struck the attention of all who are Rhode Islanders in spirit ; 
I refer to its lofty sentiments with regard to liberty of con- 
science. The inhabitants of Nova Scotia in succeeding jdc- 
riods have had reason to be gi-ateful to these colonists of 
1760 for having elicited such satisfactory pledges from the 
royal government that no abridgement of their religious priv- 
iliges should be suffered in consequence of their removal. 
And Governor Lawrence himself builded better than he knew 
when he gave his sanction to measures so liberal. The single 
exception to complete religious toleration, — in the case of 
the Roman Catholics, - was never, so far as I can learn, made 
practically grievous to any individuals. Certainly there have 
always been French Catholics within the province and con- 
siderable emiorations of Scotch and Irish Catholics have at 
times been encouraged. The spirit of the community has 
l)een tuned to a key even higher than the letter of their an- 
cient law. 

The proclamation of Governor Lawrence was favorably 
received in New England, and led to active steps toward 
emigration. In April, 1759, agents from a number of per- 
sons in Connecticut and Rhode Island who designed to be- 
come settlers on the Bay of Fundy came to Halifax. They 
were Major Robert Dennison and Messrs. Jonathan Harris, 
Joseph Otis and James Fuller from Connecticut, and Mr. 
John Hicks from Rhode Island. A Council was held at the 
house of Governor Lawrence at which these gentlemen were 
in attendance. They put several questions to the board re- 
specting the terms of the proposed grants, and received very 
encouraging answers. 

As they were the first applicants they were promised some 
aid from government for the poorer families. The vessels 

100 Narragansett Historical Register. 

beloiioiiio- to the Province were to be at the service of the 
settlers to bring them with their stock and furniture to Nova 
Scotia. Arms were to be supplied for a small number and 
protection by block houses and garrisons. Furthermore the 
government expressly engaged that the settlers should not be 
subjected to inpressment. 

The agents were highly pleased with the results of the con- 
ference and desired to be shown the lands upon wliich settle- 
ment was projjosed. They were sent to the Basin of Minas on 
the armed scow Halifax, attended by Charles Morids, a mem- 
ber of the Council and Chief Land Surveyor of th^ Province. 
An officer of artillery with eight soldiers served as guard for 
the party. 

In May the agents returned to Halifax, after having viewed 
the vacant lands from which the French farmers had so rude- 
ly been torn. So well satisfied were they with their inspect- 
ion that immediate arrangements were made to secure the 
grants of land. The four gentlemen from Connecticut who rep- 
resented 330 signers to an agreement for settlement, proposed 
to take up a township adjoining the river Gaspereaux inclu- 
ding the great marshes, the Grand Pre of Longfellow's story, 
and constituting the present township of Horton. This town- 
ship of 100.000 acres was to be given in fee simple, subject 
to the proposed quit-rent, to 200 families. Block-houses were 
were to be built and garrisoned for their defence. Fifty 
families of the number were to have from government an al- 
lowance of one bushel of corn to each person per month or 
an equivalent in other grain. This was to continue for one 
year. These families were also furnished arms and ammuni- 
tion for defence. All the people with their movables, stock, 
etc., were to be transported at the expense of the govern- 

The emigration to Nova Lcotia. 101 

There was also made an agreement for 150 families to set- 
tle 100.000 acres on the river Canard to the westward upon 
the same terms. This township was named Cornwallis. For- 
mal grants of Horton and CornwaUis passed the seal of the 
Province on May 21. 1759. 

At the same time Mr. John Hicks from Rhode Island, and 
a Mr. Amos Fuller ( possibly the James Fuller of Connecticut 
named above, though Murdoch gives the name Amos ) de- 
sired the Governor and Council to reserve land for them and 
their constituents at Pisiquid on the north side of the river. 
( So says LVlurdoch. The settlement was made upon the west 
side also. ) They engaged to settle fifty families in 1759 and 
fifty more in 1760 on the same terms as were accorded to 
Horton and Cornwallis. This was agreed to, and July 21, 
1759 a formal grant was made of 50.000 acres between the 
river Pisiquid and the town of Horton. Of this tract a long 
range of mountains forms the rear, a gradually sloping upland 
the centre, and a border of marsh the front. To this township 
the name Falmouth was given, and here was the home of a 
part of the first settlers from Rhode Island. 

That summer of 1759 was not a season of entire peace in 
Nova Scotia. During this very month of July a party of 
French and Indians, about a hundred in number, appeared 
before Fort Edward at Pisiquid and continued there some 
days, but departed without an engagement. The same month 
a party of committee men inspecting lands near Cape Sable 
was fired upon by the same or a similar band of foes. Three 
fishing vessels were captured off Canso by the Acadian French. 
Even across the harbor from Halifax and within sight of the 
citadel, two persons had been murdered, Avhile numbers of 
the enemy had been seen lurking about Lunenburg and Fort 
Sackville. In view of these facts the Government postponed 

102 Narragansett Historical Register. 

the new settlements along- the Basin of to the following 
sprino- But additional settlements, chiefly by men from 
Massachusetts, were projected at Chignecto and Cobequid in 
the north, and at Granville and Annapolis in the south oi the 

province. i 

The succeeding autumn brought to Governor Lawrence and 
to New England the joyful tidings of the fall of Quebec 
thouo-h their joy was shadowed by the death of the gallant 
Wolfe at the very moment of victory. The French were not 
yet wholly vanquished, it is true, but had retired upon Mont- 
real Yet their influence along the lower St. Lawrence and 
in the Maritime Provinces was nearly gone. Within eighteen 
months thereafter, there was concluded at Halifax a solemn 
treaty of peace with the leading chiefs of the Micmacs^ by 
which they transferred their allegiance from France to Lng- 
land, and ceased to be an annoyance to the province. 

The first settlers from Rhode Island arrived m the spring 
of 1760. Haliburton says there arrived from Rhode Island 
four schooners carrying one hundred settlers. I am inclined 
to think, however, that the earhest to arrive were the persons 
«-f(rred to in the following document. 


" List of Settlers brought from Newport Rhode Island to ^ 
Falmouth Nov. in the Sloop Sally. Jona. Lovatt, Master, in 
May, 1760. 

Benjamin Sanford & family 

Nathaniel Reynolds, do. 

Samuel Bentley, do. 

James Hervie, do.' 

James Smith, do. 

John Chambers, do. 

James Weeden, do. 




8, 15, 


5, 0, 


2, 10, 


6. 5, 


7, 10, 


1, 5, 


7, 10, 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 103 

Joshua Sanford, do. 3 3, 15, 

John Her vie, do. 1 1, 5, 

In the whole 35 persons 

35 persons at £1, 5, 0., each is £43, 15, 0. 

These are to Certify that the above is a true and perfect 
list of the settlers brought to the township of Falmouth in 
the Sloop Sally and of the numbers of tneir families as ap- 
pears by the of the several persons therein named. 

( No signature. ) 

List of settlers brought from Newport in Rhode Island to 
Fahnouth in the Sloop Lydia, Sand Toby Master, in May, 


Benjamin Burdin & family 3 persons. 

Caleb Lake do 7 " 

Henry Tucker do. 3 " 

Jams Mosher do. 8 " 

23 persons at £1, 5, each is £28, 15, " 

( The above copy was kindly made for me by Thomas B. 

Akins Esq., of Halifax. ) 

This document is in the handwriting of Isaac Deschamps, 
then Government Agent and Magistrate at Fort Edward, 
across the river from the Rhode Island settlements. He was 
ever a firm friend of the Rhode Islanders and often represent- 
ed them in the Provincial Assembly. Subsequently he rose 
to the dignity of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the 
Province. The paper is evidently a memorandum of the bills 
presented by the masters of the vessels for services in trans- 
porting the immigrants. An extended search has thus far 
failed to bring to light other similar lists, which must have 

104 Narraganseit Historical Eegister. 

The names, except that of Chambers, will readily be recog- 
nized as common family names in the Island towns of our 
state and the mainland tov»'ns near by. Indeed the same is 
true of a large proportion of the names of persons to whom 
lots were granted in the townships of Falmouth and Newport. 
Lists of these are subjoined in an appendix. They ])urport 
to have been made in the first year of settlement, but un- 
doubtedly contain names added subsequently as new settlers 

On arrival the Rhode Island men separated into two settle- 
ments, one on the north side of the Pisiquid and St. Croix, 
and the other on tlie west side of the former river. For a 
year both settlements were called Falmouth, one being termed 
East Falmouth, and the other West Falmouth. First let us 
follow the fortunes of the latter, which finally had the origi-' 
nal name all to itself. 

The first proprietors' meeting was held June 10, 1760. The 
location is stlyed " Falmouth on the west side of the Pisiquid 
river." The chairman w^as Shubael Dimock, a Baptist from 
Mansfield, Connecticut, who, finding himself uncomfortable 
at home by reason of his religious belief, had joined the 
Rhode Islanders. ( He afterwards went to reside at Newport, 
N. S., where he died in 1781 at the age of 73.) The clerk wrs 
• Abner Hall. Three committee-men were chosen to manap'e 
affairs : Wignal Cole, Abner Hall, and David Randall. At the 
outset 200 acres ^vere laid out for a ccmimon, 60 acres for a 
town, ( i. e. a village ), and a eertain tract for a public ceme- 
tery. Each man had a half-acre town lot, a six-acre lot, a 
ten-acre marsh lot, a farm lot, and two wood lots. One of 
these was from 100 to 200 acres in size quite accessible, the 
other contained about 400 acres back on Horton Mountain. 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. lOij 

The settlement grew steadily altliough not witli the rapidity 
of the more open and level towns of Horton and Cornwallis. 
In the early autumn after their arrival, the settlers learned 
of the capitulation of the French forces at Montreal, by which 
all prospect of further war w^as prevented. It was late in the 
season, howevei', when the farmers had come, and the crops 
for the first year were scanty. Yet by the opening- of winter, 
the President of the Council could write to the Board of 
Trade at London thus : 

" I have the satisfaction to acquaint your Lordships that 
the townships of Horton, Cornwallis, and Falmouth are 
so well established that everything bears a hopeful appearance; 
as soon as these townships were laid out by the Surveyor, 
palesaded ( sic ) forts were erected in each of them by order 
of the late Governor with room to secure all the inhabitants, 
wdio were formed into a militia to join what troops could be 
spared to oppose any attempts that might be formed against 
them by Indian tribes, which had not then surrendered, and 
bodies of French inhabitants who were hovering about the 
country. After the necessary business, the proper season 
coming- on they were employed in gathering hay for the win- 
ter. One thousand tons were provided for Horton, five hun- 
dred for Cornwallis, and six hundred for Falmouth, and about 
this time they put some corn and roots into the ground, and 
began to build their houses." 

( Charles Lawrence, by whose wisdom and kind services the 
New Englanders had been induced to come to Nova Scotia, 
had died suddenly in October, 1760, before he had seen tlie 
full fruition of his generous plans. ) 

In Falmouth the upland was in very good condition for 
planting and was much more extensive than the marsh. The 
dike-L>nds were at this time in very poor condition. In 1755 

106 Narragansett Historical Register. 

tlie (likes had been cut in some })la('es to diseouraoe the return 
of tlie Acadians, hut the nu^st serious harm had ])een done 
by an extraordinary storm in November 1759, whieli had 
made breaches in nearly all the dikes, and overflowed the 
drained marshes with salt tides five feet higher than were ever 
seen there before. Governor Lawrence had begun repairs 
before his death, and the work was continued by his successor. 
Su])sequently vastly larger areas were reclaimed by the Eng- 
lisli than the French had ever tried to drain. 

Fortunately we have the means of looking upon the physical 
features of Falmouth with ]niic]i the same vision as that o£ 
the early settlers. Under date of Jan. 9, 1762, Charles 
Morris, the Chief Surveyor previously mentioned, made to 
the Government an extended report u})on the condition of the 
various townsliij)s oF the province. Here is what he says 
jvbout Falmouth. ( Mss. in Pnnance Li])rary at Halifax. ) 

'• This township was granted to one hundred proprietors, 
of which eighty families are at present settled, containing 
350 persons. The settlement was begun in 1760. Several 
other grants of the lands adjoining have been granted and 
added to this township, so that the whole will consist of one 
hundred and fifty proprietors or shares This township con- 
taiiis about 2500 acres of marsh land. [ Judge Haliburton 
says 1184 acres of diked marsh in 1828. ] and 3,(0) acres 
of cleared upland, the proprietors having divided the cleared 
land and unprovable hind into lots. It amounts to about 
eighty acres to each share. IMie other parts of the township 
being the termination of two long ranges of mountains is 
broken nu)untain and steep precipices and mostly unimprova- 
ble lands. These iid)a])itants have imported large ouantities 
of cattle and have this year cii/ lusy sufKcient for supporting 
them, but the excessive drought of the summer has blasted 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 107 

most of their corn. The river Pisiquid ruiinino- throuoh this 
town is navigable for sloops to all the settlements, there being 
three fathom at high water for six miles. The town is situa- 
ted in the centre of the settlements. The woods havino- 
suffered at the same time as Horton, the growth of timber is 
small, of the same kind as Horton." 

In another place he explains this last allusion as follows: 

" In Horton the natural growth is spruce, fir, white birch, 
poplar and white pine. The growth of timber is small, the 
woods having been levelled by fire about fifty years since." 

The river Pisiquid, now called the Avon, as it flows out 
between Falmouth and Windsor, receives the St. Croix. By 
the union is formed a broad basin some two miles wide, across 
which at low tide men have been known to wade, but Avhicli 
at high tide contains from fifty to sixty feet of reddish muddy 
water, havino' durino- the flood a current inward strono- enouo-h 
to bear " three-masters " up stream. To the northward of 
this basin a part of the Rhode Island men had chosen their 
farms including the thirteen families Avho came in the sloops 
Sally and Lydia. Their first landing place, now called 
Avondale, is a flourishing ship-building village, abounding in 
Rhode Island names. As we have said, the settlement was 
first called East Falmouth, but in 1761 it received with the 
formal grant of the township, a new name, Newport, which 
it still retains. The tradition prevails that this name was 
given in honor of the old home of the settlers in Rhode Island, 
but this explanation, though so natural, is certainly incorrect, 
as is shown by the following letter. 

( For a copy of this letter, I am indebted to David Allison, 
LL. D. Superintendent of Education for Nova Scotia, a na- 
tive of Newport, from whom numerous courtesies have been 
received. ) 

108 ' Narkagansett Historical Register. 

Halifax, March 31, 17G1. 


Capt. Maloiie)^, upon the application of tlio 
Inhahitants of Horton and Cornwallis, is to return to New 
London to take in provisions, hut half his lading. He is then 
to proceed to Newport to take in provision for East and West 
Falmouth. He has orders to take Dr. Ellis and family and 
effects and one Mr. Matlier, [ this name is somewhat uncer- 
tain ] , if they are ready. 

The Iidiahitants of East Falmouth have petitioned to he 
set off as a distinct town aiid it has heen mentioned in Coun- 
cil, hut nothing" conclusive done. There is an objection he- 
cause of the fewness of proprietors, hut if they will consent 
to have an addition of 20 rights, a sufficient quantity of land 
being added to that end, I believe they may obtain it. I have 
proposed to have it named Newpoi-t, from nty Lord NeAvport, 
a friend of Mr. Belcher's, and which I believe will be agree- 
able to tlie people If they think it will be of advantage to 
them. I think the addition of 20 sliares will be no disad- 
vantage, as they liave land equivalent. You can inform 
yourself of their opinion on this head. 

I shall endeavor to send the iron by the vessel brinffinof 
the provision. 

I am obliged to you for tbe assistance you gave my son 
among the inhabitjints. 

It wdll not be long before you will be here and then I will 
fully inform you of the other aifaiis, till when I am, in haste, 
Sir, your most obt servant, 

C. Morris, 

( Surveyor General ) 
To Isaac Deschamps, Esq. 
Fort Edw^ard. 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 109 

This same gentleman in the report of Jan. 9, 1762, pre- 
viously mentioned, gives a description of the 58,000 acres to 
which the name Newport was affixed: 

" This township, granted to seventy proprietors, began its 
settlement in 1761. ( He mnst refer to the grant of 1761. 
The settlement began previous to June 1760. ) The present 
number of families is sixty, containing- about 240 persons. 
They imported a sufficient number of neat cattle and have 
this summer cut hay sufficient for them. They have also 
raised a considerable quantity of English grain, but not 
enoiigh to subsist them, being cut short by the drought. 
They have but little improved land in proportion to the other 
townships. It contains about 1,000 acres of marsh land and 
600 acres of cleared lands. This township contains in pro- 
portion to its bigness a greater quantity of improvable lands 
than any of the fore-mentioned townships. The soil in gen- 
eral is rich and great part free from stones ; it is heavy tim- 
bered, not having suffered by fire, as the others neighboring. 
Its natural growth is fir, pine, spruce, oak, beach, ( sic ) birch, 
etc. The river Conetcook runs through the middle of this 
township, navigable for sloops at high water for ten miles, 
and on the soutliern end the river St. Croix, navigable for 
four miles." 

The names of the grantees of Newport are given in the 
appendix. Among them are a dozen or more which are 
plainly not of Rhode Island origin. It will be remembered 
that Mr. Morris spoke in his letter of " an addition of 20 
rights " to the original settlement. The great mass of the 
names, however, are the same as are well known now in the 
southern counties of our state. Perhaps the most interesting 
single name is that of " William Hallyburton," for he was 
the great-grandfather of Judge Thomas C. HaHburton, the 

110 Nahragansett Historical Register. 

distill sruislied Nova Scotiaii historian and humorist, l)etter 
known as " Sam Slick." 

[ Since it is not generally known that this family is of 
Ehode Island origin, let me hei'e insert a copy of a certificate 
now existing- in Newport, 11. L, which is conclusive on this 

" Newport, Rhode Island, ] 
September 15th, 1762. ( 
This may Certify all it may Concern that I the Subscrib- 
er did s(mietime in the Fjill of the year 1760 draw a memo- 
randum ( for Mrs. Sarah Wright late deceased ) of several 
Bequests, &c., wdiich she was luinded to make. But any of 
tli(! Particutars I do not really Remember. 

William Hallyburton. 
I further add, the said Memorandum was drawn at the Re- J 
quest and Desire of the said Sarah Wright. 

Newport I Newport, 

to wit. I Sept. ir)th day, A. D. 1762. 

Personally appeared the above-named William 
Hallyburton and nuide Solemn Oath to the Truth of the al)ove j 
sjiid Evidence and Signed the same. 

I'aken and Sworn to the Day and Date above said. 

Before me, John Davis Jr., 

Justice of the Peace." 
It is interesting' in this connection to note that among 
those wdio removed to Halifax from Newport, R. I., at the J 
close of the Revolution, was a Dr. John Haliburton, father ' 
of the late Sir Brenton Haliburton, Chief Justice of Nova 
Scotia at his death in 1865. ] 

Tlie records of Newport, still extant, show the same pro- 
cedure in g-eneral as on the other side of the river. The pro- 
prietors held their first meeting' on June 9, 1760, one day 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. Ill 

earlier than at Falmouth proper. Jame>s Weeden was chosen 
moderator and Zerobabel Waistcoat clerk. Captain Edward 
York, Joseph Baley and Benjamin Sanford were chosen a 
committee to regulate affairs. A month later they ran out 
" town lots," providing- for a compact village at what is now 
Avondaie. Subsequently other villages have sprung up, but 
none of large size. The neighboring town of Windsor, 
clustering about Fort Edward, became the business centre 
for Newport and Falmouth, as well as for its own township. 
The settlers at Newport, as also at Falmouth, made provision 
for a school, and for religion, in their division of lands. 
Each proprietor appears to have had by allotment some 500 
acres, partly marsh, partly uplaiul, and largely woodland, be- 
sides six acres in the proi)osed " town." Much of this land, 
however, was not improved for many years. 

The township has had a quiet and })eacefid development 
as a farming region, with some ship building and some quar- 
rying of " plaster." Being the nearest fertile district to 
Halifax, it has always had a ready market for such products 
as were needed by a garrison town, especially for horses and 
hay. The marsh lands are apparently of inexhaustible fer- 
tility and the uplands of good quality. To the settlers of 
Rliode Island origin have been added numerous others of 
English, Scotch, and Scotch-Irish descent, all a worthy stock 
for the upbuilding of a new country. The names of Mosher, 
Simpson, Smith, Sanford, and Knowles are still common and 
prominent. The faces to be seen on the hillsides are the ex- 
act counterparts of those in our own rural districts. Indeed 
in riding over the pleasant hills of both Newport and Fal- 
mouth, everything reminded me of certain parts of my native 
state, except the beds of the rivers. For here we have noth- 
ing like the Avon, the ancient Pisiquid, at low tide, a broad 


112 Nauragansett Historical Register. 

slimy chasm, forty to fifty feet deep, lined everywhere with a 
reddish ooze. It was when gazing- on this spectacle from 
Windsor, that Charles Dudley Warner declared tliat he never 
understood hefore how much water added to a river. 

Tliere is still a ihird t(.wr=slnp ( n the Eay of Fundy 
which had its origin in a colony from Rhode Island, l)ut of 
this I cannot speak at length. It is the town of Sackville in 
New Brunswick, lying on a part of tlie famous Tantemar 
marshes, " the granary of Nova Scotia." Some twenty five 
families had settled tliere in the summer of 1761 and the 
otlier grantees were expected by Mr Morris to arrive in the 
spring of 1762, as many of them had been down the pr(?vious 
ye<u- to huild Ijouses in preparation for their families. There 
is at Halifax in tlie Province Libary a " List of the Sub- 
scribers for the Township lying on the Tantemnr River, 
Re]>resentcd liy Bcinraiiin Tluuber, Cyi-rian Sterry, and 
Edmund Jcnckes from Providence in Eliodisland," which 
list is given in the appendix. The 154 names upon it are 
nearly all con;mon in the northern towns of Rhode Island. 
Prol)ably most of them re}Hesent actual settlers, who were at 
SackviiJe for a time, if not permanently. For tlie settle m nit 
at this point had a somewliat different Iristory from those of 
which we have spoken. There was, for instance, a wliole 
Baptist Church in Swansea, ]\Tase:a(husetts, tliat emigrattnl 
bodily, under the leadership of the }:astor, N;;than Mason, to 
Sackville in 1763 and after a residence there of eiglit years 
returned to its former abode. Moreover, when the War for 
Independence broke out, many of the settlers at Sackville and 
Cumberland sympathized so strongly witli their ])rethren in 
the revolting colonies, that they joined the patriots in arms, 
and in consequeiice lost their lionies, as the Province re- 
mained loyal to King George. Yet, I a,m told, the majority 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 113 

of the population of the township today is of New Enoland 
ancestry. As I rode through Sackville upon the train, I 
got a giimse of Mt. Allison University, and Mt. Allison 
Ladies' College, institutions for higher education, which give 
some hint of the prosperity of the township and of the type 
of character prevailing among its residents. Rhode Island 
has no rejison to be ashamed of her representatives at the 
head of the Bay of Fundy. 

Of individual reminiscences relating to the period of the 
immigration of 1760, little can now be obtained. Not many 
of that first generation became prominent above their fellows 
in matters that have interest for succeeding generations. 
There was, indeed, but one of the Rhode Island settlers whom 
1 .should care to follow personally in this paper, and in that 
one I hope to find you sharing a hearty interest. 

His name was Henry Alline. ( As to spelling, the name is 
variously written Alline, AUin, and Allen. ) Although he 
died of consumption at the early age of 36 years, he had 
meantime revolutionized the religious condition of his adopted 
land and had cleared the way for men of a different type to 
build strong and sure. Indeed his services had earned for 
him the title of the Whitefield of Nova Scotia. 

Henry Alline was born in Newport, R. I., June 14, 1748. 
His father and mother, William and Rebecca Alline, appear 
not to have been of the Rhode Island family of similar name, 
but by their son are said to have been born and brought up 
in Boston, where he had numerous relatives. The boy Henry 
was but twelve years old on that sunnner in 1760 when with 
his father's family he clambered over the sloop's side and 
landed in the red mud of the Pisiquid at Falmouth. In his 
journal, marvellously constructed in a short-hand that is well 

114 Narragansett Historical Register. 

nigh a cipher, he has tokl us how his boyish fears were stirred 
by the frequent rumors that the Indians were about rising-, 
and by the occasional coming of the Micmacs themselves, with 
their faces made hideous by war paint, to declare that the 
English should not settle in their country. 

At an early age he became the subject of very strong re- 
ligious impressions. Fear of death and the judgement con- 
stantly haunted him. Yet for twenty years he lived a misera- 
ble life under the terrors of the law and the lash of an accus- 
ing conscience, but stubborn and unyielding. In his twenty- 
seventh year for the first time he obtained light and learned 
to ho])e in Christ. Through the prayerful study of the bible, 
and the reading of religious books, he then obtained more 
correct views of his own character, and the disposition of God 
to save repentant sinners. When finally enabled to rest firm- 
ly upon the atonement of Jesus Christ, his joy in the posses- 
sion of pardon became as intense as his depression under a 
sense of guilt had previously been. " Oh! the astonishing won- 
ders of His grace," he exclaimed, " and the ocean of redeem- 
ing love. Millions and millions of praise to His name ! And 
oh! the unspeakable wisdom aiul beauty of the glorious plan 
of life and salvation." The emotional type of his religious 
life, so evident in these quotations, was never changed. It 
was the key at once to the extent and the character of his 
whole work. 

At this time he attenq)ted to take passage for Now Eng- 
land in order to secure the education necessary to enable him 
to preach the gospel. It was, however, at the outbreak of 
the Revolution, and communication was not easy. He re- 
turned to Faluiouth and soon commenced to address his 
friends and neighbors. For three years he preached almost 
daily, confining his meetings to the neighboring townships. 

The EMiGiiATioK TO Nova Scotia. 115 

m\d meeting- with iniicli hardship and opposition. In 1779 
he wa.s regularly ordained, and thereafter roamed through 
the length and breadth of the lower provinces, on horseback 
in summer and on snowshoes in winter, visiting every Eng- 
lish speaking- settlement, and everywhere arousing intense 
excitement, which took practical form in breaking up old 
church establishments and forming- new societies. In August 
1783, he found himself doomed for the grave, and started 
upon ;-i journey to New England and a milder climate. On 
the Wciy he preached as o}>p<)rtunity offered, but was overtaken 
by the destroyer while still in New Hampshire, and died at 
North Hampton in that state Feb. 2, 1784, without having 
reached the longed for refuge with relatives at Boston. Hig 
young- life seemed fairly to have burned out with the inten- 
sity of its own fires. 

Heni-y Alline was not an educated man ; nor yet was he 
illiterate, for from the age of nine he w\as a devoted reader 
of thoughtful books. His journal shows evidence of great 
intellectual activity, and, indeed, of marked natural gifts for 
the pursuit of philosophy. Yet he was too fully absorbed in 
his religious work to devote much time to study or to literary 
composition. The most important of his literary produc- 
tions are two books published after his death. The one is 
" Hymns and Spiriitial Songs,'' a collection of ne^irly five 
hundred original hymns, which had reached a third edition 
in 1797. The other is his " Life and Journal^' published 
at Boston in 1806. Both display genuine power, but need 
to be judged by the standard of his day, rather than by the 
criteria of our own highly favored age. 

The first effect of Alhne's religious efforts certainly ap- 
peared to be more largely for evil than for good. He broke 
•n upon the settled congregations of the day with a deter- 

IIG Narkagansett Histouical Rkgisteh. 

milled purpose to distiirl) the existing ecclesiastical relations 
and this purpose Avas accomiilished, even to painful results. 
Families were divided; okl neighbors hecanie fierce enemies; 
old churches became disintegrated, and new organizations 
took their places. 

But tliere were reasons why such pioneer work in religion 
was needed. The churches of the provinces w^ere then ap- 
parently at a very low ebb spiritually. If we may believe 
John TVesley, the clergym(>ii of the Church of England in 
this region were not all worthy of their appointment. In 
1780 that divine wrote to the Bishop of London as follows : 

" Your Lordship observes there are three ministers in that 
country ( Newfoundland ) already. True, my lord; but 
what are three to watch over the souls in that extensive conn- 
tiy. Suppose there were three score of such missionaries in 
the country ; could I in conscience recommend these souls to 
their care? Do they take care of their own souls? If they 
do, ( I speak with concern ) I fear they are almost the only 
missionaries in America that do. My lord, I do not speak 
rashly ; I have been in America, and so have several with 
whom I have lately conversed, and both I and they know 
what manner of men the greatest part of these are. They 
are men who neither have the ])ower of religion, nor the form ; 
men that lay no claim to })iety, nor even decency." 

( Smith's Methodism in Eastern British America. ) 

These are serious statements to Ite made by a clergyman 
about fellow preachers in the same c(;minunion. Possibly 
they did not apply to the eight of this denomination then in 
Nova Scotia. But it is certain that after nine years of lalxir 
along- the Basin of Minas, Rev. Joseph Bennett, the resident 
missionary, had but 48 communicants in a })opulatioii of fully 
a thousand Protestants. 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 117 

The Presbyteiiaiiism of that day, moreover, lacked the life 
and fervor which now give it such aggressive zeal. Most of 
the New England settlers are said to have been Conofreo-ation- 
alists, who had come out of the New England churches at a 
time when tjiie absence of religious earnestness in them is a 
matter of well known history. 

On every side, therefore, Alline found religious apathy, 
indifference, and formality, where he looked for vital and 
practical religion. Social services were rarely held. In 1782 
one of the solid men of Liverpool, N. S., prominent in the 
Congregational church there, wrote in his journal thus : 
( Smith^s Methodism in Eastern British America. ) 

'■'• A religious meeting was held at my house in the evening ; 
a large concourse of people, I believe nearly one hundred and 
lifty, attended ; which is till of late a very strange thing in 
this place, such a meeting having scarcely been known since 
the settlement of it, till since Mr. Alline was here." 

The disturbance of these cold and formal church relations 
could not be an unmixed evil ; indeed, it was a necessary con- 
dition of genuine religious progress. Few men could have 
done the work better than Alline. " To the one extreme of 
cold religious doctrine he opposed the other extreme of feeling. 
His relip'ion wjis a relioion of feelino-. His writinos o-low 

o o o o o 

with it." The rapture he had felt when conscious of pardon 
he assumed to be the test of relioion in himself and others. 
He a|)pealed incessantly to the feelings of his hearers. " He 
dwelt upon the greatness and glory of Christ, his compassion, 
his humiliation, his bleeding love, his joy in saving sinners; 
or else mourning over the insensibility of those whom he ad- 
dressed he sought to alarm them into feeling." He enforced 
his teachings with affectionate earnestness, and throughout 
all his toils and hardships displayed an elevated cheerfulness 

118 NahkaGxVnsett Historical Register. 

and joy. He was a o-ood singer, fervent in prayei-, and ])()s- 
sessed of a copions flow of language. This is evinced not 
only by his printed sermons, but by the book of hymns which 
he composed. Many of the young men who llockinl to him 
as leader, and who were converted and joined him in the 
ministry, were of the same type. Passing from settlement to 
settlement, " like religious knight-errants," they made, as was 
natural, a profouiul impression. The shnubers of the churches 
were thoroughly disturbed and the members were led to 
active effort. 

Alline's doctrinal views appear- to have been fragmentary 
and but sliglitly systematized. He saw in the plainest nar- 
ratives and announcements of Scripture marvellous allegories. 
He was indeed a mystic, but amid all his extravagances of 
0})inion liis eminent and uniform ])iety showed that he "loved 
God out of a pure heart fervently." 

No distinct organization now exists as the result of the 
work of Alline and his colleagues. Ihe movement was an 
offshoot of the great New Light movement which followed 
the preaching of Whiteheld in Anu-rua, and in which Rhode 
Ishmd had no snuxU share. Alline's followers were grouped 
into chinches rcsemblino' the Conoreaationalist bodies of 
New England ; but little attention was paid to order or dis- 
cipline, and as a (onsequence these oig;inizations failed to be 
permanent. In process of time the larger number of the 
New Light preachers and their adherents, who luid been 
awakened under Alline's preaching and inllaence, became 
Baptists and were gathered into churches of that faith and 
order. A few ])ecame leadeis among the Methodists. Cer- 
tain it is that to the pioneer Vt'oik of Alline and his fellow 
la})orers the Baptist denonunation owes not only its numeri- 
cal predominance in the fertile valleys of Nova Scotia, but 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 119 

also the earnest, active type of practical religion which char- 
acterizes it in that province- An appropriate gift, therefore, 
was Henry Alline from the land of John Clarke and Roger 
Williams to the colony at the north. 

Of the descendants of the Rhode Island founders of Nova 
Scotia, many have honorably distinguished themselves in 
public and commercial life. The most eminent literary rep- 
resentatives of the blood now living are doubtless Thomas B. 
Akins, Record Commissioner at Halifax and editor of the 
Archives of Nova Scotia, and Edward Young, LL. D., now 
U, S. Consul at Windsor, N. S., but long connected with 
the Treasury Department at Washington. Nicholas Mosher, 
Ksq., of Newport, was one of the pioneer ship-builders of 
Nova Scotia, who represented his township in the Legislature, 
and was a man of most extensive influence. The Northups 
of Falmouth, have also been prominent. Jeremiah, the origi- 
nal settler, was the first member of the Provincial Assembly 
from tliat township. His son John was for many years a 
leading merchant of Halifax. A grandson of the latter, the 
late Jeremiah Northup, was Senator of the Dominion of Can- 
ada for Nova Scotia. Edward Albro, Esq., is an aged and 
prominent hardware merchant in Halifax. At Sackville, the 
descendants of Valentine Esterbrooks have ever been numer- 
ous and influential ; some thirty of the name are now upon 
the voting list. A grandson of Eliphalet Reed still lives at 
the age of ninety years and more, to encourage his two sons 
iu their work as Christian ministers. Dr. Edward A. Bowser 
the distinguised professor of mathematics at Rutgers College, 
a native of Sackville, has a Rhode Island ancestry. It is now 
evident, also, that we can add to this list the genial and witty 
Thomas C. Haliburton who died in 1865, having been thir- 
teen years a Judge in Nova Scotia and six years a Member 

120 Nauragansett Historical Register. 

of Parliament in London, the author of " Sam Slick" and also 
of a " History of Nova Scotia." Thus Rhode Island can 
claim to have furnished the stock from which Canada has 
developed her finest literary flower. 

In closing, let me allude to the interesting field opened by 
a knowledge of this emigration to our Rhode Island genealo- 
gists. The proprietors' records and probate records relating 
to the three townships of Falmouth, Newport, and Sackville, 
together with tlie lists of grantees and other lists of various 
j)eriods found at Halifax, afford abundant ground for research 
respecting families and individuals who went thither. In 
some cases there is documentary evidence concerning Rhode 
Islanders who never left this colony. For example, on the 
Fahnouth records I found an interesting page about a contro- 
versey relating to 43 acres of land in Charlestown, R. I., in 
which Cajjt. Edward York, of Falmouth, his wife Hannah, 
her father John Larkin, and her brother John Larkin, Jr. all 
figured. At Windsor I found a power of attorney signed by 
Christopher Allen of North Kingstown in 1761, and also the 
will of Edward Church of Little Compton, probated tlie same 
year. None of these, except Capt. York and his wife, were 
ever residents of Nova Scotia. Occasional references appear 
to the names of relatives in Rhode Island. I need not en- 
large upon the value of such clues in the search for missing 

I must, in a word more, allude to the aid rendered me in 
my hasty examination by several gentlemen and one lady 
upon the field. These are, in particular. Dr. David Allison 
and Mr. Thomas B. Akins of Halifax, Mr. C. W. Knowles 
and Dr. Edward Young of Windsor, Miss. Margaret Young 
of Falmouth, and Mr. Willi;im H. Knowles and Rev. John 
A. Mosher of Newport. These all, except Dr. Allison, share 

The emigration to Nova ScoriA. 


in a Rhode Island ancestry ; and a 1, without exception, mer- 
it the kindest thoughts of their kindred in Rhode Island for 
their generous service to a stranger, who bore no claim to 
their favor save his birth in the city of Roger Williams, and 
his deejD interest in the land from which their fathers came. 


List of Persons to whom Town Lots were assigned at Fal- 
mouth Nov. 15, 1760. Taken from the Proprietors' Records. 

( It is possible that some of these names were added at a 
later date. ) 

Henry Dennie Densoii 


Henry Maturin Denson 
Henry Maturin Denson 
John Denson 

Timothy Saundei's 
Lucy Denson 
Nehemiah Wood 
Edw. ElHs Watmouth 
James H. Watmouth 
Edmund Michenor 
Michel Michenor \ 
Matthew Michenor ( 

Abel Michenor 



Joseph Wilson 
Jabez Harrington 



Luke Horswell 



Joseph Steel 
Perry Borden 




John Shaver 



Meeting Minister's Lot 



Alex. McCuUough 



Adam McCullough 



Ebenezer Millet 



George Lyde 
Thos. Akin 



Moses Marsters |^ 
Martha Dyer ( 
Edward York 




Narragansett Historical Register. 

lehabod Stoddard 


Benj. Gerrish, Esq. 



. 29 

Jonathan Davison 


Wigiml Cole j 

William Shey 




Jona. Marsters 


Tlios. Woodworth 


Jesse Grossman 


Stephen Akin ) 


Benj Salter 


John Lovelass j 

John Meacham 


John Steele 


David Randall 


John Hicks 


Dan'i Hovey, Jr. 


Abraham Wheeler 


Eleazer Doane 


Constant Chnreh 


Sam. Brow' 


Edward Church 


William Wood | 


Terence Fitzpatrick 


Peter Shaw j 

Benoni Sweet ] 


William Nevil Wolesley 


Edw. Manchester { 

Abr. Marsters 


Church of England 

Lot 40 

Benj. Hicks 


Walter Manning 


Wm. Nevil Wolesley 1-2 


John Gray 


Fred'k. Delks Hore 


Benj. Tluirber 




Chris. Dewey } 


Charles Proctor 


Samuel Davison j 

John Hicks ] 


John Davison 


John. Hicks Jr. | 

William Allen 


St. John Broderick 


Mary Paysant 


Samuel Broderick 


James Wilson 


Amos Wenman 


Peter Shaw 


William Shey 



50 to 54 

Joseph Baley ] 


Alex. Grant 


Edward York (' 

Jere Northup 


Dan'l Greeno 


Joseph Northup 


Benj. Gerrish 


David Randall | 


Joseph Gooding 


Cyprian Davison \ 

Benj. Meyer 


F. T. Muller 


J. R. Muller 


Joseph Jess 


Shubael Dimock 


The bmigeation to Nova Scotia 


Jolm Simpson 


William Church 


Alex. Grant 


Fork of River 

David Pake 


Zach. Chase 




Nath. Reynolds 


Abner Hall 


Edw. Hnmblehatch 


Barnabas Hall 


Lieut. DesBarres 


Abner Hall \ 


School Lot 


Thomas Parker j 

Henry Lyon 


Amos Owen 


J^ohn Almand 



*Grantees o£ the Township of Newport, N. S., 1761, as 
•entered upon the Proprietors' Records. Taken from an ar- 
ticle in the Hants Journal contributed by Mr, Joseph Allison- 

Joseph Bailey 
Benjamin Sanford 
Joshua Sanford 
Benjamin Reynolds 
Caleb Lake 
James Mosher 
James Harvie 
John Woolhaber 
Peter Shey 
Samuel Bentley 
James Smith 
James Simpson 
Arnold Shaw 
Samuel Albro 

Jonathan Babcock 
Daniel Wier 
Jeremiah Baker 
Silas Weaver 
James Card 
Stephen Macumber 
Levi Irish 
Ichabod Macumber 
Cornelius Potter 
William Albro 
Samuel Brenton 
Benjamin Wilcocks 
Michael Fish 
John Wood 


Narragansett Historical Register. 

Joseph Sanford 
Elisha Claris 
John Slocum 
Jonathan Rogers 
John Gosbee 
Zerobahle Wastcoat 
Robert Wastcoat 
Benjamin Borden 
Richard Card 
James Weeden 
Stephen Cliapman 
Gilbert Stnart 
John Chambers 
John Harvie 
Georo-e Mumford 
Jolm Shaw 
Edward EUis 
En com Sanford 
Joseph Straight 
Henry Knowles 
Robert Wastcoat Sr. 
Stukely Wastcoat 
John Jell'ers 

Daniel Dimock 
James York 
James Juhan 
George Brightman 
John Woodman 
Joseph Wilson 
Edward Church 
Archibald Harvie 
Samnel Borden 
William Alien 
William Hallyburton 
Daniel Sanford 
Aaron Butts 
Moses De Les Dernier 
Gideon De Les Dernier 
Peter Bourgeois 
Jonathan Card 
Abel Michener 
James Harvie Jr. 
Isaac Deschamps 
Benjamin Walley 
Amos Walley 


" The List of the Subscribers for the Township Lying on 
Tantimar River, Represented by Benjamin Thurber. Cyprian 
Sterry and Edmund Jinks, from Providence in Rhodisland." 
Taken from records in the Province Library at Halifax. The 
date is probably 1761, but possibly 1760. 

The emighatiois^ to Nova Scotia. 


Jos. Olney 
John Jenckes 
Solo. Wheat 
Beiij'n Thiirber 
Cyprian Sterry 
Edmund Jenckes 
David Burr 
Jos. Tower 
Seth Luther 
Jno. Young 
Sam Thurber 
Jacob Whitman 
Edmund Tripp 
David Waters 
William Sheldon 
Dan'l Wear 
Rich'd Brown 
Volintine Easterbrooks 
Charles Olney 
Thos. Field 
Thos. Bowen 
Jona. Jenckes 
Step. Jenckes 
James Olney 
Wm. Brown 
Sam'l Lethredge 
Gershom H olden 
Sam'l Currey 
John Foster 
Sam'l Clark 
Nathan Case 
Eben'r Robins 































The above 


intioned names for 

One share and a half. 


23 1-2 

70 1-2 


I Hopkins 



David Alberson 












Nahragansett Histokical Registek. 

Daniel Thiirber 
Daniel Cahoon 
Chas. Symons 
Benj. Gorman 
John Howland 
Nathan Jenckes 
David Tift 
Jos. Brown 
Gideon Smith 
Jos. Hawkins 
Sarah Cottle 
Isaac Cole 
Obediah King- 
Thos. Woodward 
Rob't Foster 
Jer. Brown el 
Nath'l Finney 
John Dexter 
Steph. Carpenter 
Levi Potter 
Nedebiah Ang"el 
John Brown 
James Foster 
Sam'l Brio'os 
James Yonng: 
Ichabod Cumstock 
Morris Hern 
Jos. Burden 
Ezra Heyley 
Obediah Sprang*e ( sic ) 
Edward Thurber 
John Olney 

Sam'l Toogood 
Jos. Olney, Jr. 
Wm. Whipple 
David Wilbur 
Oliver Casey 
Elisha Smith 
Nathan Jr. 
Charles Angel 
Jos. Taylor 
Ohver Man 
Moses Man 
W. Whipple, Jr. 
Wm. Phillips 
Benj. Robinson 
Jona. Pike 
Geoioe Wear 
Edward Giles 
John Smith 
Gilbert Samons 
Woodbery Morris 
John Wiever 
Nehemiah Sweet 
Stephen Goodspee^l 
Abraham Olney 
James Muzey 
Jeremiah Dexter 
William Jenckes 
Henry Finch 
Sam'l Shearman 
Wm. Olney 
John Olney Jr. 
James Olney 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 


William Olney, Jr. 

Cog'g'eshal Olney 

John Power 

Aaron Mason 

Nathan Jenckes 

Freelove Tucker 

Benja. Cousins 

Rowland Sprague 

Nathan Giles 

Benja. Medbeny 

Nathanael Woodward 

Zeph'r Woodward 

James Jenckes 

William Emerson 

Chas. Spauidi'ng- 

John Downer 

Nath'l Packer 

Thos Steny 

Amasa Kilburn 

Nathan Steny 

Samuel Mott 

James Day of Massachusetts. 

Asa Foster '• 

John Peabody " 

Peter Parker, *' 

Isaac Blunt, " 

Caleby Sw^an, " 

Francis Swan, of Massachus's 

Daniel Ingols, 

John Wilson, 

Nath'l Brown, 

Abiel Fry, 

Simon Fry, 

Bemsley Stevens, 

Rob't Davis, 

Jer. Dexter ( erased ) 

These siupie 
shares each 


70 1-2 

177 1-2 

45 first settlers 

66 2 
66 3 



On the back of the paper is written: 

" List of Tantamar Proprietors," 
" A List of the Settlers from Providence in Rhode Island 


Narragansett Historical Register. 


" Return of the State of the Township of Fabnouth, Jan, 
1, 1770." Taken from records in the Province Library at 
HaUfax. The names alone are here given ; but the original 
states the number in each family and classifies the property 
of each. 

Henry Denny Denson 
Abel Michenor 
Joseph Wilson 
Joseph Jess 
Levi Irish 
Ichabod Stoddard 
Edward Yorke 
Wignall Cole 
Thomas Woodworth 
Stephen Aken 
John Potter 
Constant Church 
John Simpson 
Jonathan Vickery 
Tamerlain Campbell 
George Stuart 
Christopher Knight 
Peter Manning 

( * The record states that 
the province within a year. ) 

John Davison 
William Allen 
Malachy Cagan 
Edward Manchester 
Jeremia Northup 
Jacob Mullar 
William Shey . 
Benjamin Gerrish 
Jonathan Marsters 
John Loveless 
I. F. W. DesBarres 
George Faesch 
Henry Lyon 
James Wilson 
Luke Horswell * 
Timothy Davison 
Terence Fitzpatrick 

this man and his family had left 


Return of the State of the Township of Sackville, Jan. 1, 
1770. Taken from the records in the Province Library, Hal- 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 


Sam'l Belle w 
John Peck 
Joseph Collins 
Gideon Young- 
Sam'l Roofers 
Joshua Sprague 
John Olney 
William Lawrance 
Robert Foster 
James Jinks 
John Barnes 
Jacob Bacon 
George Shearman 
Nath'l Finney 
William Olney 
William Alverson 
Ezekiel Fuller 
Jeremiah Brownell 
Daniel Hawkins 
David Tift 
Ameriah Telland 
Thomas Irons 
Thomas Collins 
Nathan'l Rounds 
Amasa Kellum 
Robert Scott 
Calyb Finney 
Stephen Johnson 
Samuel Lettimore 
Gideon Smith 
George Shearman, Jr. 
Nathan Mason 
Nathaniel Mason 

Nathan Simmons 
Samuel Emerson 
David Alverson 
Benjamin Tower 
Joseph Tower 
John Day 

Valentine Esterbroolj^ 
Robert Lettimore 
Eliphalet Reed 
Seth Hervey 
Gilbert Simmons 
Jacob Fuller 
Josiali Tingley 
Benajah Lewis 
John Thomas 
Job Simmons 
Epherim Emerson 
Benja. Emerson 
Ebenezer Salisbury 
Eben Salisbury, Jr. 
Isreal Thornton 
Isaiah Horton 
Nehemiah Ward 
Jonathan Cole 
William Baker 
Joseph Baker 
William Simmons 
Benja. Mason 
Samuel Lewis 
Samuel Eddy 
John Wood 
Sam'l Irons 



Narragansett Historical Register. 


Roll or Inventory of Estates in the Township of Newport, 
Dee. »30, 1772. Taken from reeoids in the Province Library, 
Halifax. The date and some of the names are almost illegible. 

Encom Sanford 
George Brightman 
James Smith 
Joseph Bailey, Esq. 
Henry Knowles 
John Smith, Caneteook. 
John Lawrillard 
Benja. Wier 

John M 

Thomas Baker 
William Reed ] 

William Sterling j 
Thomas Allen 
William Coffell 
Isaac Deschamps, Esq. 
Barzillai Mosher 
Francis Smith 
Samuel Cottnam 
Archibald Harvie 
John Brown 
James Simpson 

( agent for Tucker ) 
Ichabod Macomber 
Daniel Dimock 

Abraham Ada 

Robert Waistoc 
James Dormond 

Sam'l Bentley 
John Wood 
Woodward Sanford 
James Card 
Jeremiah Baker 
Thom. Cochran 
John Simson 
Robert Scott 
Daniel Wiever 
Stephen Wilcox 
James Campbell 
John Anthony 
James Harvie, Jr. 
Benjamin Burges 
George Sharahe 
James Fish 
Michael Fish, 

widoAv her share 
Daniel Greeno 
James Simpson 
John Harvie 
John Mosher 
William Bentley 
James Harvie 
John Chambers 
Shubael Dimock 
Amos Walley 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 


Stephen Macomber 
William Smith 
Hugh Smith 
Beiija. Saiiford 
John Canavan 
John Dinsmore 
James Mosher 
William Smith, Irish 
William Wier 
William Wier for Mi 
Caleb Lake 


George Mumford 


James Harvie. Jr. 
Stephen Wileocks 
<Benja. Wilcocks 
Robert Salter 
Archibald Harvie 
John Woodman 
John Carder 
Phillip Mosher 
Job Card 
James Dormond 
Cornelins Potter 
Abel Michenor 



"' A list of pei-sons in Newport Township, Nova Scotia, 
qualified to serve on Juries," 1781. Taken from the papers 
of Isaac Desehamps by Thomas B. Akins, Esq, 

James Candjle 
James Mosher 
Allen Mosher 
John Cannan 
Huoh Smith 
Wm. Smith 

.... hen Macomber 
Amos Waley 
Acey Limock 
Thomas Baker 
John Marsters 

Dau'l Dimick 
John Lawald 
Ichabod McComber 
Stephen Macoomber 
John Almand 
James Fogson 


John Bentley 
Barsiler Mosher 
Jonathan Knowles 
John Smith 


Nauragansett Historical Register. 

John Chambers 

James Bailor 

Wm. MacCoy 

Shub'l Dimock 



.... ham Reid 

Francis Mason 

Dan'l Weden 

Wm. Weden 

Philip Mosher 

Edw'd Mosher 

John Macnntt 

Beniamen Wier 

John Brown 

Joseph Baley 

Archibald Harvey 

Francis Smith 

Wm. Smith 

John Rong 

Jas. Fish 
Daniel Greno 
Geo. Sharon 
Jolin Harvie 
Wm. Coffin 
Jas. Simpson 
Thos. Smith 
Particat Casey 
Arnold Shaw 
Jnda Shaw 
John Wier 
James Dearmet 
Sam'] Donsmore 
Jas. Donsmore 
Francis Donsmore 
Francis Parker 
Ezek'l Marsters 
Wm. Sterling- 
Beniamen Sweet 

Sept. 5, 1781 
This is a list of all th . . . 

E. Mosher, Constable. 

this side of Cannetcut River. 

Wm. Smith 
John Anthony 
David Anthony 
Noah Anthony 
John Smith 
James Wier 
Wm Wier 

Caleb Lake 
WiU'm Lake 



Benjamen Wilcocks 
Stephen Wilcocks 
Rob't Wilcocks 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 


Woodward Sanford 
Osborn Sanford 
Peleg- Sanford 
James Harvie 
Rob't Salter 
WiU'm Salter 
John B urges 

Edward Biiroes 


Cornelius Potter 
Stephen Potter 
John Card 
Job Card 
Thomas Allen 
William Albro 


Notes relating to the Rhode Island Settlers at Newport and 
Falmouth, N. S., taken from the offices of the Register of 
Deeds and the Register of Probate, at Windsor, N. S. 

Transfers of Real Estate. 

1. Christopher Allen of North Kingstown, R. I., to Stuke- 
ley Wascoat of Newport, N. S.; power of attorney relating 
to draught of lands ; June 23, 1761. 

2. James Mosher, attorney for Aaron Butts, to John 
Chambers; Apr. 14, 1763. 

3. J ohn Jeffers, lease to John Harvie and John Chambers ; 
Apr. 15, 1763. 

4. Joseph Straight to John Chambere ; Apr. 14, 1763. 

5. John Steele to Moses Deles Dernier, Nov. 9, 1763. 

6. Benjamin Borden to Benjamin Sanford, Dec. 13, 1763. 

7. James Mosher to James Simpson, Mar. 2, 1762. En- 
com Sanford, witness. 

134 Narragansrtt Histohical Register. 

8. Josluia Saiiford to James Simpson, Feb. 6, 1762. 
■ 9. Jonathan Babcoek to James Simpson, Oct. 25, 1762. 

10. James Weeden to James Card, Sept. >](), 1762. Silas 
Wever, witness. 

11. Sam'l Bentley to June 1, 1762. 

12. Nehemiah Wood to Mar. 1, 1763. 

13. Benjamin Reynolds to Stephen Macond^er, May 12^ 

14. William Albro to James Smith. Apr. 14, 1763. 

15. Zerobbabel Wastcoat to John Chaml)ers and James 
Smith, 1763. ( Probably Apr. 14. ) 

16. John Woodman to John Cl)and)ers, Apr. 14, 1763. 

17. Sam'l Brown, bricknuiker, to Sam'l V/atts, tavern- 
keeper, Falmouth. 

18. Eben'r Millett to Thomas Woodworth, Sept. 8, 1764. 

[ Dat. - dated ; p. - admitted to probate. ] 

1. Edward Cliureh of Little Compt(m, dat. An<>-. 15 
1757, p. Sept. 17, 1761; menticms son Constant. 

2. Stephen Chapman, Newport, N. S.; dat. 3d. mo., 12 
1765 ; mentions wife Zeruiidi, children Nathaniel, Rufus 
William, Dorcas, Lucy. 

3. James Wilson, Falmouth ; mentions brother William 
Wilson, sister Ruth Wilson, cousin Barnabas Wilson. 

4. Richard Card, dat. Sept. 28, 1773, p. Sept. 18, 1775. 

The emigration to Nova Scotia. 135 

5. James Card, clat. Jan. 13, 1778, p. Mar. 28, 1778. 

6. James Weeden. dat. May 27, 1777, p. Dec. 29, 1783 • 
mentions wife Mary, children Daniel, Naomi Weeden, Wil- 
liam, Mary Canavan. 

7. George Brightman, dat. Jan. 5, 1786, p. May 1, 
1786; mentions honored father, children ( under age ) 
George, Susannah, Lydia, Mary, Elizabeth, Esther and Han. 
nah, his nephew George Dimock, and his brother Thomas 

8. Joseph Bailey, dat. Apr. 7, 1787, p. Aug. 27. 1787; 
mentions son Joseph Sanford Bailey, daughters Deborah 
Dimock and Sarah Brown, grandchildren ( the above men- 
tioned children of George Brightman ) and his wife Hannah. 

9. James Harvey, dat. June 26, 1786, p. Dec. 19, 1792- 
mentions sons John, Archibald and James, and daughter 

10. Wignal Cole, dat. Mar. 27, 1789, p. May 23, 1794 ; 
mentions sister Susannah Cole in Rhode Island, and William 
Cole, son of eldest brother John, in Rhode Island. 

11. Benjamin Wilcox, Mar. 3, 1813, mentions eldest 
son Stephen, sons Robert and Gardiner, daughters Else Har- 
vey, Hittabel Sanford, Francis Card, Esther Mosher, Susan- 
nah Lake, Hannah Brown, Mary Armstrong, and his grand- 
daughter Esther. 

12. Henry Knowies; inventory Jan. 20, 1800, mentions 
daughter Martha sixteen years old, his mother, and his wife 
Molly. Receipts are signed by William Knowies, Sabray 

Knowies, Nathan Knowies, ( possibly Catharine ) 

Knowies, Joshua Smith, Sarah Smith, Molly Knowies and 
Martha Knowies. 

136 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Front the Sunday 'lehfjrdm, June 2, 1889. 

The Narragansett Historical Register is a public ation to 
which we have had frequent occasion to call attention. It is 
one which is deserving tlie support of the citizens of Rliode 
Island for its reclamation of historical facts of interest as for 
its accuracy in those matters, while not of general value to 
all, as a whole, are one of importance in detail to many. Mr. 
Arnold, the editor, has bestowed a labor upon his magazine 
which can oidy be a})preciated by those who have cultivated 
the same field, and the result is that we have in accessible 
form history which is as attractive as it is to the ordinary 
person inaccessible. There has been, it is said, of late years 
a craze for ancient furniture for which almost any price has 
been paid ; if this intei'est couhl be so modified or enlarged 
as to take in the history of those who have left the furniture, 
and the incidental history of the State, the money expended 
for the illustration would be well bestowed. It is to be h )ped 
that the Register will receive that pecuniary assistance which 
it deserves, and which Avould speak so well for the Rhode 
Island spirit of Riiode Island. 

The First Church of Dedham. 

Again have we been favored with another publication of 
the Dedham Historical Society. Such enterprise excites our 
admiration, and we honor men who will do such work as this 
and do it in so desirable a way. The cost of the publication 
of these works while considerable of an outlay, is a first class 
investment and such a one as the satisfaction of having done 
so commendible a service will never grow less, but rather in- 
crease with eacli coming year. Tlie people of Dedham, Mass., 
should be congratuhited thrtt tliey have such enterprise among 

Genealogical and Biographical. 

By a Descendant. 

EFERENCE to " One Line of the Hoj^kins Fmn- 
^ ily/' published by the Avriter of tliis, in 1881, shows 
that the genealogical record therein, is confined to 
the descendants of William Hopkins, ( 2 ) son of the first 
Thomas, while his l)rother Thomas's name appears on page 
10, noted Rs having died April 21, 1718, and thenceforward 
dropped from consideration. 

It is proposed in this publication to take up the unconsid- 
ered descendants of the second Thomas, so far as particulars 
relative to them of a genealogica,l character have been ob- 
tained, not assuming that it approaches to a full record of 
such descendants Avhicli is left for others better circumstanced 
for the work to develop. 

In connection with this arrangement, the families appeai"- 
ing in the earlier work will be simply tabidated, to show their 
relation to those appearing as descendants of the brother to 
whom this later work is more particularly devoted. 

It may be Avell to observe here, that after the first publica- 
tion referred to was issued, important information was ob- 
tained from investigation of records at Oyster Bay, Long Is- 
land, which showed that Thomas Hopkins, the first, of Rhode 
7 137 

138 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Island, (lied their in tbe siiiiniier or early fall of 1(:84, Avliilo 
residing- with a danghter Elizabeth, who was then the wife of 
Richard Kirhy, by whom she had children probably as follows 
viz, William, Thomas, Elizabeth, and Mary, as would appear 
by Richard Kirby's Avill, made October 27, 1688, and proba- 
ted January 10, 1688-9. She also had children, probably by 
a former husband named Ichabod and Anne Hopkins. These 
facts were entirely new and unanticipated by the writer of 
this, and believed to be so by all in any way connected to 
the Hopkins family in Ehcde Island. But they effectively 
clear up a doubt regarding the time that Thomas died, and 
established the fact that he had, at least, a third child, of 
which no record existed in Rhode Island. This Elizabeth, 
it is supposed, was a daughter-in-law of Thomas and former 
wife of a son of his who had deceased before this settlement 
of a part of the family on Long Island, or soon after that 
event, which probably occurred about the time of the break- 
ing out of King Philip's Indian war in 1675, and was ])romp- 
ted by a desire to escape the perils incident to that struggle. 

Thomas Hopkins ( 1 ) was the son of William and Joanna 
( Arnold ) Hopkins, born in England April 7, 1616, emigra- 
ted to America and settled In Providence, R. I., about the 
year 1610. He at first was assigned a home share of land 
situated near the south end of the town, it being the fourth 
lot south of what is now known as Power street, running east 
from the town street. Six other shares of land were succes- 
sively assigned to him, as sliown by " The Home Lois of 
the Earhj Settlers,'' published by Charles W. Hopkins, in 

Notes on the Hopkins Family. 139 

June 1886. Tliese were all located in the near vicinity of 
the town proper, none prebably being outside of a radius of 
five miles from its centre. In addition to these, as the o-fow- 
th of population required outlying regione to be utilized, other 
divisions of territory were made and assigned to the orio^inal 
proprietors in shares of larger dimensions. On one of these 
last named, Thomas made a permanent settlement. Its loca- 
tion was a little west of the Pawtueket or Blackstone river 
about ten miles north of his first assigned home lot. 

Tliese outlying settlements were more exposed to the in- 
cursion of the red men in their w^arfare against the settlers 
at the time o£ King Philip's war, and their homes were most- 
ly abandoned, some seeking refuge in the" garrison houses 
prepared for that purpose, sonie on the island of Rhode Island 
and others to more remote regions where greater protection 
seemed probable. 

The island of Long Island proved an asylum for many and 
became a permanent home for some who prefered to remain 
as residents there rather than return to their early settlement. 
Among those that thus decided v^as Tliomas Hopkins, then 
about sixty years old, with a part of his family. His two 
sons, William and Thomas, " staid and went not away," as 
the quaint expression of tlie times terms it, and took their 
chanches as to the result of the conflict. 

The son. Major William, ( 2 ) retained a residence upon or 
near the early settlement, while his brother Thomas, ( 2 ) 
home is known to have been at the place noted as the outly- 
ing settlement referred to. There has been much speculation 
relative as to what was the name of Thomas's wife. As 
nothing conclusive has been advanced since the publication 
of tlie earlier book on this line, nothing new can be presented 
in regard to it. 

140 Narragansett Historical Register. 


2. I. WILLIAM, ( 2 ) b. about 1647, d. July 8, 1723. 

3. 11. THOMAS, ( 2 ) b. about 1650, d. April 21, 1718. 

2. WILLIAM, ( 2 ) married 1682, Abigail, widow 

of Stephen Dexter, and daughter of John and Sarah Whipple. 


4. WILLIAM. ( 3 ) b. d. 1738. 

3. THOMAS, ( 2 ) married 1698, Mary Smith, daughter 
of John and Elizabeth Smith. The date of the event is not 
otherwise given than as shown by record of their intention of 
marriage in Providence Book of Miscellaneous Records, page 
450, as follows: 

" Thomas Hopkins and Mary Smith, both of Providence, 
were published in a way of marriage, by a writing fixed upon 
a public place in the said town bearing date April 1st., 1678, 
under the hand of Thomas Olney, Assistant." 

The father of Mary was called John Smith, mason, as was 
also his father, to distinguish them from other John Smiths, 
of which name there were several then resident of Providence, 
hence the necessity of the affix. 

Thomas, ( 2 ) and Mary, settled upon the homestead be- 
longing to his father, before alluded to, in the northerly part 
of the township of Providence, in that part which was in 
1731 set off to make the town of Smithfield, and more recent- 
ly, again set off to make the town of Lincoln. 

On the death of Thomas, senior, at Oyster Bay in 1684, 
the title to this estate, by the laws of primogeniture was vest- 
ed in the elder brother, William, ( 2 ) who on December 27, 
1692, " in consideration of the mutual love and affection 
between him and his brother, and for other good causes," 
made a gift deed to Thomas of the estate, representing it as 

Notes on the Hopkins Family. 141 

" being the place where Thomas now dwelleth, and formerly 
belonging to my honored father, Thomas Hopkins, deceased." 

On this homestead estate, Thomas and his wife reai'ed their 
large family of eight sons and four danghtei-s, and Thomas 
died there as before noted, April 21, 1718. All of his sons 
except one, lived to become heads of famiHes, and from them 
have sprung a large proportion of those bearing the name of 
HOPKINS, now of Rhode Island, besides many others scat- 
, tered broadcast throughout the country, and many of other 
surnames changed through marriage of the females into other 

He made his will, April 26, 1711, distributing in an equi- 
table manner his possessions among his children and provid- 
ing for the support of his widow. Much of his landed estate 
was situated in the western part of the town that was after- 
wards set apart to make the towns of Scituate and Glocester, 
and to this section every member of his family subsequently 
made a settlement and were prominent among its leading in- 

In the State Census of 1774, which was arranged to give 
the names only of heads of families, and the number contain- 
ed in each family, classified as to age and sex, the returns 
from Scituate showed twenty-seven families under the name 
of Hopkins, which was more than double the number of any 
other name on the list which showed a gross population of 
3601. All of these were evidently emigrants from the old 
home of Thomas, or descendants from them. As no Hopkins 
name occurs in the return from Smithfield where that home 
was located it shows that the exodus was complete. 

Children of Thomas ( 2 ) and Mary ( Smith ) Hopkins. 

5. I. THOMAS, ( 3 ) b. d. after 1746. 

married Elizabeth b. d. Feb. 1, 1751. 

142 Narbagansett Historical Eeuistkr. 

6 II WILLIAM, ( 3 ) b. d. married Deborah 

Allen, daughter of Isaac, of Attleborough. 

7 IIL JOSEPH, (3) b. d. July 19, 174-0. 

' married 1st. Bethia Allen, daughter ot xsaat, 
of Attleborough. 

married 2nd. Martha b. d. 

a I¥. EZEKIEL, (3)k d. 1762. nmrncd 

Elizabeth b. d. -jr-oi 

9 V ELIZABETH, ( 3 ) b. d. mmi. Feb. 26, l.sil. 

10. VI. MAEY,(3)b. d. married Robert Davis, 

March 8, 1716. 
11 VII. RACHEL, (3 )b. d. 
12' Vni. ZEBEDEE, ( 3 ) b. Feb. 22, 1697, d. March 

4 1789 married Susanna Jenckes, daughter ; 
of Daniel and Catherine Jenckes, b. May 24, 
1700, d. March 18, 1755. 

13 IX. ELISHA, (3)b. d. married Mercy Waide 

January 13," 1722. b. d. | 

14 X. AMOS, (3)b. d. 1769. married Sarah I 

Smith, dan. of Joseph and Elizabeth (Hawkins) i 
Smith, Oct. 29, 1727. ^^ I 

15. XI. JEREMIAH, ( 3 ) b. d.unm. Aprd 26, 173^. , 

16. XII. ANNE, b. d. * 
4. WILLIAM, ( 3 ) the only cliild of Major V/illiam and 

AbTo-ail ( Whipple' ) ( Dexter ) Hopkins, mairied Ruth, dan. 
of S'lmuel and Plaine ( Wiekenden ) Wilkinson, b. January 

31. 1686, d. before 1738. 


17. 1. WILLIAM, ( 4 ) b. about 1705, d. Eel). 17, 


18. n. STEPHEN, (4) b. March 7, 1707, d. July; 

13, 1785. 

Notes on the Hopkins Family. 143 

19. III. RUFUS, ( 4 ) b. d. unm. 

20. IV. JOHN, ( 4 ) b. d. Feb. 1, 1745. 

21. V. HOPE, ( 4 ) b. March 3, 1717, d. July 20, 


22. VI. ESEK, ( 4 ) b. April 26, 1718, d. Feb. 26, 


23. VIL SAMUEL, ( 4 ) b. d. unm. Sept. 1744. 

24. VIII. ABIGAIL, ( 4 ) b. d. January 30. 1772. 

25. IX. SUSANNA, ( 4 ) b. 1728, d. unm. Nov. 8, 


5. THOMAS, ( 3 ) the first child of Thomas ( 2 ) and 
Mary, was married and well settled on his father's farm at 
the date of the hitters will, ( April 26, 1711 ). By the terms 
terms of that will the parent gave to the son as follows: 

" To my eldest son, Thomas Hopkins, the one third part 
of my land, that adjoining to my honse, and it is that part 
that my said son, his house standeth on, he leaving on the 
north end and on the south end, each one third part of the 
aforesaid and," followed by other bequests. 

June 9, 1718, he sold to John Cowen, ten acres of land 
" on the south side of my land where I now dwell." 

April 27, 1720, sold to Richard Sayles, " in consideration 
of .£250, sixty-nine acres of land, by estimation, in the north- 
ly part of Providence, at a place called Lcousquissett, with 
dwelling house, farm buildings, orchards, &c." 

These sales with others following, of lands in the vicinity, 
covered Thomas's interest in the old homestead and indicate 
the approximate time when he made the change of residence 
before alluded to. 


144 Narragansett Historical Register. 


I. SUSANNA, (-4 ) 1^- Oct. 8, 1708, d. 
marnedJiulali Brown, Jr., Oct. 31, l/ol- 

Issue: ^ 

i. SuHduna, b. August 29, 17o4. 

ii. Stejyhen, h. Dec. 1, 1736. 

iii. Phehe, b. Oct. 16, 1738. 

iv. Wka, b. Oct. 18, 1740. 
V. Hannah, b. Sept. 16, 1742. 

vi. FJdlip, b. Aug-. 22, 1745^ 

vii. Dorcas, b. Aug. 18, 1747. 
viii. Judah. b. July 3, 1751. 

ix. Bethiah, b. Jan. 11, 1754. 

II. SARAH, ( 4 ) b. May 27, 1710. cl. 
married Smith. 

III. BETHIAH, ( 4 ) b. Feb. 24, 1713. d. 

IV. THOMAS, ) 4 ) b. Sept. 9, 1715. 
V. REUBEN, ( 4 ) b. July 1. 1717, d. 

31. VI. HANAN, ( 4 ) b. July 17, 1719, d. unm. 

VII. MERCY, ( 4 ) b. Feb. 5, 1721, d. mamed 
Nehemiah Aiigell. Issue: 

i. Pardon, b. 1749, d. June 3, 1838. 
ii. Nehemiah, b. Sept. 2, 1752. d. 

August 3, 1828. 
iii. Abraham, b. d. 

ZiJpha, b. d. unm. July 12, 1839. 
Martha, b. d. nuirried 

Thomas Knight, 
vi. Mercy, died young, 
vii. Mercy, b. d. m. Potter. 

33. VIII. JONATHAN, ( 4 ) b. Sept. 25, 1722 d. 
unmai'i'ied 1 746 ? 





Notes on the Hopkins Family. 145 

34. IX. MARY, ( 4 ) b. Feb. 17, 1724, d. married 

( probably ) Charles Harris, March 19, 1748. 

35. X. TIMOTHY, ( 4 ) b. July 25, 1725, d. 

married Penelope 

36. XI. ELIZABETH, ( 4 ) b. August 9, 1726, d. 

37. XII. ANNE, ( 4 ) b. Jan. 24, 1729, d. unmarried 

Nov. 13, 1759. 

6. WILLIAM, ( 3 ) second son of Thomas [ 2 ] and 
Mary, received by his father's will as follows: 

" I give to my son William Hopkins, one third part of all 
my land where I now dwell, after the decease of my loving- 
wife, Mary Hopkins, it being the south part of the land where 
I now dwell, and is bounded on the north with land I gave 
to my son Thomas Hopkins." 

On this portion of the farm stood, evidently, the house that 
constituted the paternal residence, in which, probably, Will- 
iam dwelt with his parents, or perhaps as a house-keeper, as 
there is evidence showing that he was married j)revious to 
the date of the will. 

August 22, 1724, he sold to Col. Joseph Whipple, for 
<£178, 10s., a lot of land estimated to contain 80 acres, his 
mother Mary and wife Deborah uniting with him in the trans- 
fer. This land was a part of the homestead estate but situa- 
ted on the westerly side of the highway, while the home resi- 
dence was on the easterly side. [ See Pro v. Land Record, 
Volume VI. page 123. ] 

October 19, 1728, he mortgaged to Col. Joseph Whipple, 
the part of his farm " at Loqusquissett, on the east side of 
the highway, and on which stands my dwelling house." 

This deed is not signed by his mother Mary, which tends 
to show that she had deceased since the sale of August 22, 

146 Nabbagansett Histobical Registeb. 

1724, and previous to this second sale. This mortgage rest- 
ed upon the estate until May 23, 1732, when it was cancel- 
led. [ Prov. Records. ] At same date, the property was 
sold hy Hopkins to Capt. Joseph Brown, of Smithiieid. 
[ See Smithheld Records, Book I. page 71. ] In these deeds 
he was called William Hopkins, carpenter. 

His removal to Scituate soon followed these transactions, 
as he was resident there April 10, 1733, at which date, ac- 
cording to Providence Records, Vol. A 10, page 79, he sold 
to John Hoyle, physician, of Providence, for five pounds ten 
shillings, " one Pne on the south side of the church, the next 
Pue to Mr. Robert Carrie's Pue, on the left hand, in the said 
Church of England." 

He married before Feb. 2, 1711,Deborah, daughter of Isaac 
Allen, of Attleborough. She was born according to her 
family record. May 7, 1691, and died April 11, 1781. Ac- 
cording to town records now of Rehoboth, her birth date is 
entered as Feb. 25, 1690. 

The Allen's although of Attleborough, Mass., were near 
neighbors to the Hopkins family. Their different neighbor- 
hoods being only separated by the Pawtucket or Blackstone 
river, the Attleborough side, called Attleborough Gore, until 
it was annexed to Rhode Island in 1747 and given the name 
of Cumberland. The only issue of this Hopkins-Allen mai- 
riao-e that has come to the writers knowledge was a son. 

38 I. JABISH, ] 4 ] b. July 1-5, 1713, d. July 1, 1790. 
married Bethiah, b. Mar. 6, 1715, d. Mar. 

15, 1781. 
7. JOSEPH, [ 3 ] son of Thomas and Mary, received by 
his father's will as follows: 

" I give to my son Joseph Hopkins, all my upland lying 

Notes on the Hopkins Family. 147 

jit Shenegacliocoiiett, and my part of iiieadoAv in the Slang at 
Shenegaclioconett, the said Land and Meadow I give to my 
son Joseph Hopkins, his heirs or assigns forever, in Fee Sim- 

The Indian name of Shenegachoconett, it is said was ap- 
plied to a territory in Attlehoroiigh [ now Cnmberland ] , on 
the east side of the Blackstone river and presumably, not re- 
mote from the Hopkins homestead, on the opposite side of 
the river. 

He married, first, Bethiah, danghter of Isaac Allen, who 
was a sister of Deborah, that afterwards became the wife of 
his brother William. She was born July 3, 1685, and died, 
probably, before Feb. 9, 1708j certainly before Feb. 2, 1711. 
At the latter date Joseph united with heirs of the Allen estate 
in the .sale of certain lands in Attleborongh, and signs the 
deed in his own name, and in behalf of his wife, deceased, as 
it is expressed. At the earlier date, he executed a deed for 
the sale of land in Attleborough, to Benjamin Allen of Reho- 
both, in connection with Deborah Allen, then unmarried, 
which is signed by himself and Deborah, without the signa- 
ture of his wife Bethiah, or anythhig to identify her interest 
in it. His early married life was probably spent on the At- 
tleborough side of the river, in the neighborhood of his wife 
Bethiah 's family. Bristol County Mass., records Vol. XL 
page 400, shows a sale by him, Nov. 28, 1713, to Andrew 
Hartley, of Attleborough, of " 50 acres of land in the North 
Purchase, lying by the new road that goetli to wading river, 
being 92 poles in length and 87 poles in breadth." He was 
then of Providence, and if not at the time a resident west of 
the seven mile line, he evidently became of that locality be- 
fore a part of was set off as the town of Scituate. He married 
for a second wife, Martha Surname not obtained. 

148 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Children by first wife. 

39. I. JOSEPH, [ 4 ] h. d. m. Mary Paddeii. 

40. II. OZIEL, [ 4 ] I). d. before Feb. 28, 17G8. 

married Martha Rhodes, Dec. 27, 1744. 
Chiklren by second wife. 

41. in. JEREMIAH, [ 4 ] b. d. married Dorcas 

Herenden, Dec. 27, 1744. 

42. IV. ABNER, [ 4 ] b. d. married Mary Pray, 

July 16, 1749. 

43. V. JONAH, [ 4 ] b. about 1724, d. Nov. 18, 1805- 

married Abigail Whitman. 

44. VI. DORCAS, [ 4 ] b. d. 

JOSEPH, [ 3 ] was of Scituate, Novend)er, 1733. The 
10th., of that month he made a gift deed to his son Oziel, 
of 100 acres of land, and on the 23, a similar deed to his son 
Joseph, of " a part of his homestead farm " situated therein. 
These elder sons being thus provided for, the legatees named 
in his will, made July 4, 1740, and presented for probate 
Sept. 1, 1740, were c<mfined to his second wife and lier 
children. A synopsis of his will is herewith presented. Be- 
queaths to son Jeremiah, GO acres of land on the eastern side 
of his homestead. But if Jeremiah should die before he w\as 
twenty-one years of age, and without issue, and his son Ab- 
ner be then living, he [ Abner ] should have the said GO 
acres. Also, to Jeremiah, one eight part of one whole pur- 
chase right in the undivided lands on the west side of the 
Seven Mile Line, tliat was^ hi the original right of Thomas 

Hopkins, deceased. 

To son Jonah, the remainder of the homestead, he to pay 
Abner at twenty-one years of age, £200. And if Joiudi dies 
Avithout issue, Abner being living, is to have Jonah's part, by 
paying to Jeremiah £150 and to daughter Dorcas £50. 

Notes on the Hopkins Family. 149 

To daiig'hter Dorcas, £100 in money when she attains to 
the age of eighteen years. 

To Martha liis beloved wife, the income and profits of half 
the homestead until Jonah is twenty -one years of age. After 
that, the income of one eighth part so long as she remained 
his widow. 

To daug'her-in-law, Desire Tucker, one bed and bedding, 
and one milch cow that is called hei"s now. [ This latter 
clause indicates that the wife Martha, was the widow Tucker 
at the time of her marriage with Joseph, and that the daugh- 
ter Desire was a member of the family. ] 

Wife Martha and son Jonah named as Executors. 
Witnesses. William Hopkins, Jabish Hopkins, and Step- 
hen Hopkins- 

At the meeting of the Council when the probate of the will 
was acted upon, the son Jonah appeared and informed the 
Council that he was about sixteen yeai-s old and he had chosen 
his brother Joseph to be his guardian, whereupon he was aji- 

( 8 ) EZEKIEL'', son of Thomas and Mary was recorded 
of the paternal homestead as follows: 

" I give to my son Ezekiel Hopkins, all my land that is 
laid out to me on the west side of the Seven Mile Line, and 
one quarter part of Common on the west side of said Line; 
all which land and common, I give to my said son, Ezekiel 
Hopkins, his heirs or assigns forever in fee simple." 

It may be well to note here that the arrangement pursued 
thus far, in placing the order of the births of the sons of 
Thomas and Mary, has been in the order that they appear in 
the will of Thomasl But it is shown by investigation that 
the arrangement is not correct, unless there is an error in the 
record of the family of Zebedee'\ who is the only one whose 

150 Narraoansett Historical Register. 

birth date is given. Tliis was furnished to the writer, with 
much other matter pertaining to Zehedee's family, by his 
grand-daughter, Amey Hopkins, who died in Providence, 
November 23, 1876. Her record seemed to be intelhgently 
prepared, and bore upon its face strong presumptive evidence 
of authenticity. As there represented, the birth of Zebedee^ 
occurred Feb. 22, 1697, and as his brother EzekieP was made 
a freeman of the Colony, May 6, 1712, fifteen years after 
Zehedee's birth, Ezekiel's birth must have occurred prior to 
Zehedee's by several years. 

EzekieP, was a member of the first Town Council elected 
in Scituate in 1731, and represented the town in the Legis- 
lature in 1745. 

He married Elizabeth b. 



45. I. DANIEL, ( 4 ) b. d. 

married Martha Jenckes. 

46. n. EZEKIEL, ( 4 ) b. d. 


47. m. CHARLES, ( 4 ) b. d. 

48. IV. NICHOLAS, ( 4 ) b. d. 

married Martha Mathewson. 

49. V. ABIGAIL, ( 4 ) b. . d. 

50. VI. PATIENCE, ( 4 ) b. d. 

51. VII. MARY, ( 4 ) b. d. 

married Robert Baxter, Nov. 14, 1754. 

52. VIII. KATHARINE, ( 4 ) b. d. 

married Reuben Hopkins, Nov. 25, 1742. 
Ezekiel's'^, will was made Sept. 16, 1761, and presented 
for probate August 16, 1762. His wife and all his children 
excepting his two married daughters, Mary and Katherine, 

Notes on the Hopkins Family. 151 

are named as legatees, also Ruth, Katherine and Sarah Hop- 
kins, children of Reuben and his daughter Katherine. 

Names his wife and sons Daniel and Nicholas as Executors. 
September 18, following the date of the probate of the will, 
his daughter Abigail and her estate was placed under the 
guardianship of Robert Baxter, on her own petition, support- 
ed by her brothers, Daniel, Ezekiel and Charles. 

( 12 ) ZEBEDEE^ son of Thomas^ and Mary was 
named in his fathers will as the recipient of the followino-; 

" I give to my son, Zebedee Hopkins, one third part of my 
land which I dwell on, which is the north part, and is bound- 
ed on the south with the land which 1 gave to my son Thomas 
Hopkins, And I also give to my son Zebedee, the one half 
part of my meadow in the great meadow at Shenegachoconett. 
All the said land and meadow I give to my son Zebedee Hop- 
kins, his heirs or assigns forever, in fee simple. " 

And I do bind my said son to pay to my daughter, Anne 
Hopkins, when she shall attain to the age of twenty and one 
years, or at the date of her marriage, which first shall happen. 

[ This clause in the recorded copy of the will terminates 
here, probably by some error of omission by the recording 
clerk. A. H. ] 

When he left the paternal domain he settled in Glocester and 
was prominently identified in the public affairs of the town. 
He was made a freeman of the Colony from Providence, in 
1720, and from Glocester in 1747, a member of Glocester 
Town Council in 1744 and a Justice of the Peace in 1767. 

He married Susanna, daughter of Daniel and Catherine 
( Balcom ) Jenckes, b. May 24, 1700; d. March 18, 1755. 

53. I. RACHEL, ( 4 ) b. Dec. 1725; d. Dec. 1791. 

152 Narragansett Historical Register. 

married William Hawkins, b. Feb. 25, 1726, 

54. II. SUSANNA, ( 4 ) b. Oct. 5, 1728; d. 

married Peleg Rounds, b. d. Dec. 1796. 

55. III. DEBORAH, (4 ) b. 1730; d. 1757. 

56. IV. ZEBEDEE, ( 4 ) b. Nov. 5, 1737; d. Dec. 4, 


married First, Elizabeth Waide, b. March 8, 


married Second, Mary ( Knowlton ) Borden, 

b. March 19, 1756; d. 1842 

( 13 ) ELISHA'^, son of Thomas and Mary, received as 
his portion of his father's estate, by will as follows: 

*' I give to my son Elislia Hopkins, sixty and four acres 
of land, situated about one mile and a half west from my 
house, it being- in two parts; which land I give to my son 
Elisha Hopkins, his heirs or assigns forever in fee simple." 

Elisha settled in Glocester, near to liis brother Zebedee's 
home, for confirmation of which see deed of land from And- 
rew Harris, ( Prov. Rec. Vol. vi, pages 94, 95. ) Records show 
many real estate transactions of which he was a party as 
grantor or grantee. He married July 13, 1722, Mercy Waide. 
No record seen by the writer, shows as born of tliis union, 
but one child: 

57. I. ELISHA, ( 4 ) b. d. Nov. 13, 1798. 

married Martha Cady, born about 1725; died 
in Providence September 1815. 

( 14 ) AMOS^ son of Thomas- and Mary, with his 
younger brother Jeremiah, who died unmarried Avas named 
as leg-atees in their father's will as follows: 

Notes on the Hopkins Family. 153 

" I give to my two sons, Amos and Jeremiah Hopkiiis, 
equally to tliem, all my undivided lands on the west side of 
the Seven Mile Line and half my right of commonage on the 
west side of the Seven Mile Line, all which donations of land 
and commonage, I give to my two sons, Amos and Jeremiah 
Hopkins, to them, their heirs or assigns forever in Fee Sim- 

Amos and Jeremiah were of Scituate at the time of its or- 
ganization as a town in 1731. The year following, Feb. 10, 
1732, there was conveyed to them hy their brother Ezekiel, 
^' for divers good causes and considerations," [ probably 
nominal ] , his interest in 208 acres of land, each receiving a 
moiety as described, with certain rights of commonage. 

Jeremiah died as before noted, April 26, 1733, his 
estate being settled by his brother Thomas, under probate 

Amos continued to reside in Scituate until 1753, serving 
the town as a member of its Council for seven years, termi- 
nating on his removal to Providence in that year or the year 
next preceding. Providence land records, Vol. xiii page 
205, notes a sale made May 14, 1752, by Job Arnold, of 
Smithfield, by authority of the General Assembly of Rhode 
Island, to Amos Hopkins, of Scituate, of 92 acres of land 
situated in Providence, it " being the property of John Tur. 
pin, Lunatick," sold '' on petition of Turpin's wife for the 
support of herself and family/' This estate comprised the 
homestead farm of Turpin that was given to him by his 
father, William Turpin, by his will made March 12, 1744. 

By deed recorded in Vol xv, page 119, it is shown that 
Amos sold to Esek Hopkins, June 2ii, 1756, for £1600 of 
the current money of the Colony, about forty acres of the 

154 Nahragansett Historical Register. 

foregoing^ named land together with my dwelling honse whieh 
I now live in and all other ont-buildings that is thereon 
standino." This dwellino- honse served the Commodore as a 
home nntil his decease in 1802, and is now [ 1889 ] owned 
and occupied by one of his descendants. It is situated neai' 
the Corliss Steam Engine Company's Works in Providence. 
Amos'^ married October "19, 1726, Sarah, daughter of 
Joseph and El'zabeth ( Hawkins ) Smith. Joseph was a grand 
son of the Rev. William Wickenden, an early Baptist minis- 
ter of the First Church in Providence, through his daughter^ 
Ruth Wickenden, who married Thomas Smith, son of Christ- 
opher Smith, an early settler in Providence. Joseph's parents 
were both accidently drowned in the river at Pawtuxet, Jan- 
uary 16, 1670. 

As far as records show, the children of Amos and Sarah 
were as follows. 

58. I. AMOS, ( 4 ) b. died at sea about 1770. 

married Jan. 18, 1761, Sarah, daughter of 
Jeremiah and Ruth Smith. 

59. II. JEREMIAH, ( 4 ) b. d. married 

Dec. 10, 1769, Avis, daughter of Daniel 
Mathewson, of Johnston. 

60. TIL URIAH, ( 4 ) b. Dec. 26, 1738; d. April 3, 

1825. married Lucy, daughter of Captain 
William and Martha Lanksford, b. July 26, 
1745; d. Dec. 5, 1816. 

Notes on the Hopkins Family. 155 

Page 9 5. Thomas^, married Elizabeth 'Give 

surname of Elizabeth. 
" " 7. Joseph'^, married second Martha 

Give surname. 
" 12 27 Sarah^, married Smith. Give Christ- 

ian name. 
" 16 38 Jabish^ Was this the only child o£ 6. Wil- 

" 23 57 Elisha*. Was this the only child of 13. Elis- 
ha'^ and Mercy. 
13 35. Timothy'^, married Penelope Give 

surname. In addition to Penelope, Timothy's 
wife's name has been given as Freelove, also 
as Lillis. Which of the three is rioht '^ 
When dates or names are omitted, supply the defi- 
ciency if possible. 

71ie Hejjorts of Commissioner of Industrial Statistics. 

The First and Second Annual Reports of the Commissioner 
of Industrial Statistics, both very neatly bound, has been laid 
on our table. We considered the First a very good begin- 
ning considering the opposition and predjudices which the 
Commissioner has had to encounter, but the Second is indeed 
a triumph. It shows a trained mind, a skilled laborer, a well 
arranged and matured plan, a patient research, and an able 
presentation of the subject to the attention of the reader. 
If these reports increase in like interest in the future, then 
indeed our State will have at least one department of her 
government of which to be proud. Our people should thank 
the able Commissioner that he has been able to establish the 
office upon so firm and judicious a foundation in so short time. 

156 Narragansett Historical Register. 


Editor of The Narragani^eU Historical Register. 

In Mr. Arnold's interesting- paper on The Fawtuxet Val- 
ley, are a few errors which it is well to correct. He states, 
see page 247 of the Register for July 1888, that the Lippitt 
factory was first built by William and Warren Lippitt. On 
November 9, 1809, Col. Christopher Lippitt, father of Wil- 
liam, Charles Lippitt, father of Warren and brother of Chris- 
topher, Benjamin Aborn, George Jackson, Amasa Mason 
and William H. Mason, formed a copartnership to continue 
for the term of ten years from the 1st. of January 1810, 
under the name of the Lippitt Manufacturing Company. It 
is a matter of history that they built the Lippitt factory in 
1810. Tradition says that the old Roger Williams factory, 
the predecessor of the present Phenix factory, and the Lip- 
pitt factory were both raised 4th. of July 1810, there being 
a contest between the rival contractors as to who would raise 
his building first and both being ready simultaneously and 
each fearing that the other would take advantage of Inde- 
pendence Day both determined to commence erection of the 
frames, and forego the pleasures, and patriotic celebration of 
the time. 

On the same page it is said by Mr. Arnold that the Clyde 
Works were built by a Mr. Pike and Hon Simon Henry 
Greene. Mr. S. H. Greene and Mr. Edward Pike formed a 
copartnership in 1828, and on the L5th. of April in that year 
hired of the Lippitt M. Co., a land and water privilege, there 
being no buildings on the land at the time. The Lippitt 
Company however, agreed and did erect a building- eighty 
feet long, forty feet wide, two stories high, with a basement 
and an attic, making- practically four floors. The general 

The Lippitt Manufacturing Company. 157 

appearance of this structure was like the Lippitt mill, but 
was without a belfry, its bell being hung from an outrigger 
or beam projecting from the north gable. In this building- 
Greene & Pike commenced the business of bleaching and 
and finishing brown cottons, and about 1837 put down one 
printing machine. The premises which had been owned by 
them since their purcliase of the Lippitt M. Co. in 1831? 
were totally destroyed by fire May 7, 1838. They immedi- 
ately rebuilt the establishment and continued in partnership 
until the death of Edward Pike July 31, 1842. Afterwards 
the business and the manufacturing property became known 
as the Clyde Bleachery and Print Works und was owned 
solely by Simon Henry Greene, who bequeathed the whole 
to his sons who are the present ownei-s. Mr. Greene died 
April 26, 1885, in his 87th. year. The bleachery building 
which succeeded the one destroyed in 1838, was burned in 
its turn May 1870, and a third one now stands on the same 

May 20, 1889. Henry L. Greene. 

Ancestry of Thirty-three Rhode Islanders. 
Mr. John 0. Austin, the author of the Genealogical Dict- 
ionary ofRhode Island, has recently issued another work 
under the above caption which makes a very appropriate sup- 
plement to his former great work. Mr. Austin is a close 
student in his favorite studies. He is a true scholar and a 
perfect gentleman in every sense of the term. It is a pleasure 
to have the acquaintance of such men and to know that our 
State can boast of such an honorable citizen. Mr. Austin 
has done and will continue to do such a work that posterity 
will yet pay unto a just merit, and will enroll him among the 
names of those who have labored for the good of others and 
have labored, not in vain. 

1732 to 1850. 

By the Editor. 

Continued from Vol. VII., page r)5. 



Randall Pliebe, and Jeremiah Winsor, Nov. 24, 17G3. 

" Job of North Providence, son of Joseph, and Irene 
Sayles of John, Jr.; ni. by Elisha Ohiey, Justice, 
Feb. 27, 1803. 
" Levi of Mendon, Mass., son of Reuben of Richmond 
N. H.; and AdeHne Aldrich of Simeon, of Smith_ 
field; m. by Rev. Jordan Rexford, May 1, 1831. 
" Henry of William, and Mary Ann Wood of Andrew, 
both of Scituate; m. by Rev. Reuben Allen, Feb. 
17, 1840. 
" Zeberra R., and Louisa M. Smith; m. by Rev. T. 

A. Taylor, Mar. 2, 1844. 
" Vesta Ann, and Henry Gee; Jidy 3, 1844. 
Rankin John, and Mercy Bowen: m. by Nathan Aldrich, 

Justise, May 12, 1819. 
Rathbone Nathan, and Stacy Young; m. by Rev. William 

Stovyer, May 10, 1840. 
Raymond Caleb, and Larana Arnold; m. by William Jenckes) 

Justice, Nov. — 1750. 
Ray Marian, and Peter Aldrich; Nov. 20, 1738. 


Old Smithfield Records. 159 

Ray Samuel of Joseph, of Cumberland, and Susan Carroll 
of Joseph, of Smithfield; m. by David Aldrich 
Justice, Apr. 8, 1813. 
" Benjamin, and Abigail Higgins; m. by Elisha Arnold 

Justice, Mar. 24, 1816. 
" James E., and Mary A. Thurber; m, by Rev. T. A- 
Taylor, Sept. 5, 1848. 
Razee Simon B., of Cumberland, and Sarah Gulley, of Smith- 
field; m. by Rev. Stephen Cutler, July 27, 1829. 
Razy David, and Freelove Scott; m. by Jonathan Sprague, 

Justice, Mar. 12 1738. 
Read Anne, and Ephraim Taft, June 29, 1747. 

" Oliver of Jonathan, and Dinah Jenckes of Thomas; 

m. by Ichabod Comstock, Justice, Mar. 12, 1775. 
" Huldah, and Ebenezer Trash, Jr., Apr. 1, 1783. 
" Dinah, and Elijah Arnold, Feb. 5, 1789. 
" David of Smithfield, and Hannah Chace of Glocester; 

m. by Rev. William Bowen, Mar. 16, 1790. 
" Patience, and Asa Arnold; Nov. 17, 1796. 
" Ahab of Oliver, deceased, and Ruth Arnold of Elijah; 

m. by Thomas Man, Justice, Oct. 25, 1805. 
" Ahab, and Mrs. Mercy Arnold; m. by Rev. T. A. 

Taylor, Oct. 20, 1839. 
" Margaret, and William Hughes; Aug. 23, 1841. 
" July M., and Edward R. Armington; Jan. 29, 1844. 
Remington Caleb, and Martha Mowry; m. by Rev. John 
Winsor, Nov. 1, 1795. 
" Daniel of Mendon, Mass., son of Benedict, and 

Patience Morton of James; m. by Elijah 
Arnold, Justice, Dec. 27, 1807. 
" Martha, and Robert Aldrich; May 5, 1836. 

" Mahala, and Smith W. Pain; Mar. 21, 1841. 

160 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Remington Jefferson of Sniithliekl, and Ennice Watermun 
of Burrillville; m. by Rev. T. A. Taylor, 
Oct. 12, 1813. 
*' Jefferson of Sniithfiekl, and Naomi Pain of 

Burrillville; m. by Rev. T. A. Taylor, 
Sept. 28, 1848. 
Reneham Chilone, and Nathan Staples; Sept. 20, 1840. 
Reniff Mislia Carpenter of John, of Cumberland, and Anne 
Nap of Joshua, of Uxbridge; m. by Edward Thomp- 
son, Justice, Apr. 15, 1781. 
" Abislia C, and Anna Mowry; m. by Uriah Alverson, 
Justice, Mar. 22, 1784. 
ReuAvorthy William, and Ellen Shirt; m. by Rev. C. H. 

Titus, Apr. 27, 1848. 
Reynolds Sally M., and Richard M. Allen; Dec. 2, 1832. 
Abbie A., and John C. Tallman; Oct 25, 1850. 
Rice Huldah P., and Asa Young-; May 4, 1845. 

" Ephraim of Thompson, Conn., and Laura Bowman of 
Smithfield; m. by Rev. T. A. Taylor, Sept. 29, 
Richardson Nancy, and Jonathan Smith; Aug. 10, 1817. 
" Daniel, and Amie Ann Anthony; m. l)y Simon 

A. Sayles, Justice, Mar. 21, 1844. 
Mrs. Elsa, and Thomas Smith; May 2, 1844. 
Richmond Paris, and Delia Hall; m. by Rev. Reuben Allen, 

Aug. 13, 1829. 
Riley Abigail E., and Horace Arnold; Nov. 11, 1849. 
Robinson Bryant, and Freelove Whipple; m. by Samuel 
Man, Justice, June 26, 1808. 
" Richard, and Anstis Proffat; m. by Simon A. 

Sayles, Justice, June 4, 1843. 
" Robert of North Providence, and Jane Brown, 

Old Smithfield Records. 161 

dan. of James McCarthy; m. by Rev. Charles 
Hyde, Nov. 25, 1846. 
Robins Obey, and Lydia Inman of Esten; m. by Ephraim 
Sayles. Jnstice, Jan. 9, 1843. 
" Erastus of Walpole, Mass., and Elizabeth C. Smith 
of Smithfield; m. by Rev. N. S. Lovell, at Bell- 
ingham, Mass., May 6, 1846. 
Rogers John, and Plain Wilkinson; m. by William Arnold, 
Justice, Nov. 7, 1738. 
*' James of Cumberland, and Mary Cook of Smithfield; 

m. by Thomas Arnold, Justice, Nov. 2, 1750. 
" Anne, and Daniel Wilcox; Dec. 21, 1766. 
" Dorinda, and Whitley Royalston; Sept. 28, 1846. 
Rome James Corbett, and Hannah Booth; m. by Rev. Henry 

Waterman, June 24, 1839. 
Ross John Gray, and Patience Brayton, of James, dec; m. 
by Elijah Arnold,, Justice, June 29, 1809. 
" Nancy Adeline, and Thomas Bacon; Aug. 11, 1841. 
" Oliver, and Fidelia Snow, both of Cumberland ; m. by 
Rev. T. A. Taylor, Oct. 28, 1841. 
Rounds Rev. Daniel of Nantucket, son of Daniel and Sarah, 
and Elizabeth Ann Fitts of Smithfield, daughter 
of Abijah W., and Betsey; m. by Rev. Joseph 
Smith, Apr. 1, 1840. 
" Lawton formerly of Foster, son of Thomas, and 
Mary Ann Irons of Glocester, daughter of Jesse; 
m. by Rev. Reuben Allen, Mar. 28, 1841. 
" Cyrus formerly of Foster, and Waitey Ann Kimball; 
m. by Rev. Reuben Allen, Apr. 11, 1841. 
Rowley Hugh, and Phila Mason ; m. by Henry S. Mansfield, 
Justice, Feb. 6, 1825. 



Narkagansett Historical Register. 

Rowley John Jr. of Webster, Mass., and Ann Booth of Smith- 

liehl; m. by Rev. Asel D. Cole. May 5, 1844. 
Royalston y\/'hitley, and Dorinda Rogers ; m. by Rev. Thom- 
as C. Brown, Sept. '28, 1846. 
Rumblemarsh Hannah, and Tom. Wosamogne; Oct. 5, 1748. 
Russell Mary E., and George W. Jenckes; Nov. 24, 1844. 

Births and Deaths. 

Rankin Ro})ert, of John and Mercy, 
" Thomas, 
" Sarah, 

" Catherine, " " 

Rathbun Lydia, of Rowland and Alice, 

" Mercy Peckham, " " 

" Mary, " 

" Edward Burrough, " " 

" Francis Howgall, " " 

Raymond Phebe, of Caleb and Lavina, 

Ray Albert, of Levi and Elizabeth. 
" Caroline, " '" 

" Edward, " " 

" Hannah, " " 

" Sarah, 

" Levi Clark, " " 

" Cynthia, of Samnel and Susan, 
" Abba Carroll, " " 

" Joseph Carroll, " " 

" Mary, " " 

" Samuel Stillman, '' " 

" James Edwin, 
" Charles, 


Dec. 12 

Apr. 30 

Aug-. 11 

June 15 

July 13 

Apr. 2 

Oct. 1 

Oct. 7 

Aug. 19 

Dec. 16 

Sept. 2 

Jan. 31 

July 21 

June 3 

Oct. 6 

Oct. - 

Jan. 25 

Feb. 15 

Jan. 24 

July 26 

Oct. 12 

Jan. 10 

Feb. 21 

June 13 


Old Smitkfield Records. 163 

Read Anna, of John and Abigail, Mar. 4, 1756 

" Abigail, " " Mar. 12, 1758 

" Mercy, of Benjamin and Elizabeth, Oct. 29, 1756 

'' Taborah, ^' '' Apr. 5, 1758 

^' Patience, of Hanson and Hannah, Jan. 16, 1758 

'' Moses Farnum, of David and Hannah, May 20, 1791 

" Rhoda, " " Oct. 11, 1792 

" Anson, " " Jan. 3, 1797 

" Hiram Nelson, of Ahab and Ruth, Mar. 15, 1806 

Remington Elizabeth, of Daniel and Patience, Mar. 18, 1809 
" Minerva, " 
" James Mussey, " 

Reniff Delilah, of Misha and Anna, 

a a u 

" Mowry, " 

Richardson Mary Lawton Alany, of William and Mary, 

June 1, 1817 
" William Augustus, of John E. and Sylvia, 

June 30, 1828 

" June 24, 1810 

Jan. 14, 1812 


Oct. 30, 1784 


died, Feb. 3, 1785 


May 27, 1786 

iwley Nancy, 
" John, 

of Hugh 

and Phila, 


Apr. 1, 
June 22, 



" Mary, 

'^ Hugh, 

" James Willi 

iam, " 


Aug. 17, 

Sept. 21, 

Oct. 19, 



( To Be Contiinied in onr next. ) 

Froyn the Lewis Letter. 
In the June number of this energetic little monthly the 
editor after recording our opinion of his publication, adds : 

The First number of Volume VII, of Mr. Arnold's excel- 
lent magazine. The Nai^ragansett Historical Register, just 

out: contains 88 pages of valuable records, 

articles, historical and editorial notes. 


For the Towns of South Khujstoiun, ChcvrJestotvn, 
Westerly, Ilopkinton and Ricliviond. 
By the Editor. 

( Continued from page 85. ) 


A B 

Babcock Peleg, b. 4m. 29, 1742, d. 6m. 7, 1826. 

Esther Hazard,( his dau. ) b. .5m. 24, 1772, d. 4m. 

25, 1819. 
Susan Perry, ( his dau. ) b. Im. 28, 1787, d. 

5m. 3, 1824. 
Lucy, ( his dan. ) d. 4m. 14, 1813. 
Sarah, ( his dau. ) b. 6m. 28, 1793. 
Ruth Hannah, of Jonathan and Ruth, 11m. 26, 

Ruth, wife of Jonathan, d. 12m. 16, 1795. 
Doreas Gardiner of Hezekiah and Dorcas, 2m. 26, 

WiUiam Peckham, of Hezekiah and Dorcas, 4m. 

28, 1818. 
Hezekiah, of Hezekiah and Dorcas, 10m. 31, 1820. 
Adam, " " 12m. 24, 1822, 

d. at Providence, 10m. 26, 1872. 


South Kingstown Friends Record. 165 

Babcock John, of Hezekiali and Dorcas, 5m. 23, 1831. 
'' Hezekiali Sen. d. 3m. 4, 1870. 
" Dorcas ( Peckham of William, ) his wife, d. 10m. 

22, 1859. 
" Waite, widow of Caleb and mother of Hezekiah, 

d. 4m. 12, 1836. 
'^ Lucy, of Peieg and Lucy, d. 4m. 14, 1813. 
" Lois Elma, of John and Mary, 9m. 6, 1857 

" John Edward, " " 10m. 7, 1858 

" William H., " " 12m. 15, 1864 

Bicknell Mary Alma, of Japhetli and Julia, 2nd. wife, 4m. 
6, 1830. 
'^ Julia Ann, of Japheth and Julia, 2nd. wife, 5m. 

17, 1832. 
" Japheth, d. 9m. — 1831. 

" Ruth, wife of Japheth, d. age 49 years, 3m. 5, 1824. 
Bradley Joshua, b. 4m. 30, 1775. 

" Dorcas, his wife, b. 12m. 29, 
" Lydia,. of Joshua and Dorcas, 
" Mary, " " 

" Sally M., 

" Joshua T. C." " 

" Deborah, " " 

" Abby Ann, " " 

" Clarinda W.," 

Bragg Daniel, of Nicholas and Sarah, 

" Temperance, " " 

" Benjamin, " " 

" Isreal, " " 


a u 

Briggs Prudence Autum, d. aged 70 years, 


6m. 15, 


6m. 6, 


5m. 6, 


4m. 4, 


5m. 6, 


6m. 13, 


10m. 13, 


4m. 22, 


4m. 28, 


7m. 2, 


3m. 24, 


d. 10m. 27, 


8m. 21, 




166 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Boss Lucy Anna, of Solomon B. and Catherine, 6m. 27, 1814 
Bowen Mehitable, widow of Jolin, d. aged 92 years want- 
ing 8 days, 11m. 15, 1792; buried 18th. in Fri- 
ends' burial yard Hopkiuton. 
Browning Jeremiah Jr., b. 9ni. 7, 1758. 

Sarah, his wife, b. 10m. 10, 1762. 
'' Jeremiah 3d. of Jeremiah and Sarah, 10m. 23, 

" Eunice, of Jeramiah and Sarah, 7m. 26, 1785 

Robert. " " 9m. 17, 1788 

Sarah, " " 3m. 29, 1791 

Catherine, " " 4m. 21, 1793 

Peter Yarnall, " " 5m. 7, 1795 

Anna, " ^ " 4m. 8, 1797 

Hannah, " " 5m. 21, 1799 

died Im. 18, 1805; buried 20th. in Friends' 
bui'ial yard Hopkinton. 
Christopher, b. 9m. 25, 1758, d. 11m. 3, 1840 
Amie, ( his dau. ) b. 5m. 24, 1804, d. 2m. 8, 1845; 

wife of Samnel Sheffield. 
EHzabeth, ( his dau. ) b. 7m. 28, 1795. 

Bull Hannah, 



and Patience, 

7m. 26, 1727 

" Ephraim, 



7m. 6, 1729 

" Jerah, 



11m. 15, 173] 

" Joseph, 



12m. 28, 1733 

" Hannah, 



3m. 9, 1736 

" Henry, 



5m. 4, 1738 

" Thomas, 



9m. 7, 1740 

" John, 



12m. 19, 1742 

" Patience, 



6m. 13, 1745 

Burdiek Willie 



, 3m. 

20, 1865. 

South Kingstown Friends Record. 167 


Can- Sarah, 5m 29, 1765, d. 7m. 16, 1817. 

" Mary, of Sarah, 8m. 4, 1790, d. 4m. 18, 1833. 
" Myra, " 3m. 14, 1792. 
" Sarah, " 9m. 9, 1793. 
" Joanna, " 7m. 1, 1795. 

Collins Susannah, wife of John, of Charlestown, d. aged 68 

years, 11m, 8d; Im. 14, 1753. 
" Samuel, of John and Susannah, of Charlestown; died 

8m. 13, 1753. Accidently struck overboard of a 

sloop in Egg Harbor and buried there. 
^^ John of Charlestown, died aged 75 years 3m. 9d.; 

10m. 20, buried 21, 1755, in Charlestown. 
" John of Stonington, son of John and Susannah of 

Charlestown, d. aged 63 years, 10m 1, 1778; 

buried in Friend's burial yard Hopkinton. 
" Samuel, of John and Mehitable, of Stonington, died 

aged 26 years; 6m. 3, 1779; buried in Friend's 

burial yard Hopkinton. 
" Hezekiah, 8m. 1707, d. 10m- 10, 1775. 
" Catharine ( Hoxsie ) his wife, d, aged 83 years; 5m. 

13, 1801. 
'' Joseph, 4m. 18, 1738, d. 9m. 26, 1827. 
^' Bathsheba, his wife, 5m. 14, 1740, d. Im. 27 1823. 
" Hezekiah, of Joseph and Bathsheba, Im. 15, 1765 
" Solomon, " " 3m. 17, 1766 

" Joseph, " " 10m. 8, 1767 

'' William, '' " Im. 10, 1770 

" Beriaii, " " Im. 25, 1772 

" Mary, " " ■ 5m. 1, 1774 

" Peter, " " 2m. 1, 1776 

168 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Collins Catherine, " " 7m. 6, 1778 

" " " " died, 8m. — 1779 

" Joshua, " " (5m. 1, 1780 

" John, ( b. Char. ) of John and Mehitable, 2m. 2, 1745 
" Susannah, " " " 12m. 5, 1746 

" Amos, " " " 5m. 16, 1749 

" Benjamin, " " " 7m. 5, 1751 

" Samuel, " " " 4m. 24, 1754 

'' Sarah, " " " 12m. 6, 1756 

" A])igail, ( Stonington ) " " 4m. 6, 1760 

" Stephen, " " " 2m. 6, 1763 

" Ruth " " " 7m. 20, 1765 

" Timothy, ( b. Stonington ) of Amos, 5m. 25, 1768 
" Abel, ( Hopkinton ) " 5m. 2, 1770 

" Isaac, ( Stonington ) " 12m. 13, 1771 

" Amos, " " 2m. 20, 1773 

" Susannah, " " 3m. 12, 1775 

Timothy, " died 3m. 25, 1776 

Lydia, " " 4m. 29, 1778 

William, '' " 3m. 26, 1780 

John, " " 11m. 19, 1781 

Ruth, ( Hopkinton ) " 5m. 2, 1784 

William, ( Stonington ) " died 5m. 11, 1785 

Hannah, " '' 8m. 29, 1786 

Nancy, " " 5m. 2, 1789 

died 9m. 11, 1790. 
The above who died buried in Friend's burial yard 

Amos W., died aged 72 y. 9m. 14 d.; 12m. 22, 1845 
Lucy F., his wife, b. 2m. 1, 1810, d. 3m. 21, 1863 
Abel James, of Amos W. and Lucy F., died 5m. 12, 

South Kingstown Friends Recohb. 169 

Collins Jonathan Fry, of Amos W. and Lucy F., died 4m. 

18, 1848. 

" Mary Amie, of Amos W, and Lucy F.. died llm. 18. 


^- Giffard, of Jabez, 7m. 25, 1776 

" Dinalu ^' 10m. 17, 1777 

^' Lewis, '' 3m. 7, 1779 

'' Sarah, '' 10m. 14, 1780 

•' Catherine, '* 4m. 21, 1783 

^' Susanna, '' h. 3m. 17, 1785, d. 2m. 17, 1812 

-' Martha, ". 8m. 12, 1787 

-' Catherine, of Hezekiah and Mary, Im. 24, 1789 

" Hezekiah, " " 12m. 10, 1790 

" Elizabeth, " '' 8m. 26, 1792 

'■' Josepli^ of Joseph Jr., 2m. 13, 1790 

" Beriah, " 3m. 25, 1792 

^' Sheffield, " 7m. 24, 1793 

'^ Job, " 12m. 25, 1794 

" Hannah, " Sm. 22, 1796 

" Riioda, " Sm. 19, 1798 

•' Bathsheba. '' 6m. 5, 1800 

" Elizabeth, " 3m. 24, 1802 

'' Peter, " 5m. 16, 1804 

'^ Obediah, '' b. 8m. 16, 1807, d. 3m. 2, 1808 

buried in Friend's burial yard Hopkinton. 

" Deborah, of Abel and Mary, 9m. 30, 1791 

- Ira, " '' 3m. 3, 1793 

" Phebe, " " Sm. 25, 1794 

" Marv Wilbur, '' " 6m.. 7, 1796 

^.' Timothy Clarke, '' " Im. 4, 1799 

u Abigail, " " 3m. 12, 1801 

.. Amos, " '' 3m. 8, 1803 


Naruagansett Histoeical Register. 

Collins Thankful, 

of Abel and Ma 

( died ) 



Abigail _ " " 

Gulielma, ' " " 

Abel, died aged 64y. 4ni. 19d. 

3m. 8, 
Om. 22, 
Im. 22, 
:3m. 10, 
7m. 00, 

7m. 4, 
9m. 17, 

The above children born in Stonington. 

Elizabeth, of Solomon and Sarah, 

Solomon, "^ " 


Stephen Perry, " " 

Sarah, *" " 

William C, of Isaac and Mary, 

Nancy, '' " 

died in Hopkinton 12m. 7, 
Thankful, of Isaac and Mary, 
Amos, " '* 

Mary, " " 

Isaac, " " 

Catherine Eliza, " " 

Joseph, " " 

Ephraim, " 

John W., 
Charles Willetts, " 
Thomas J., " 



12m. 8, 
8m. 18, 
9m. 27, 
6m. 3, 
7m. 22, 
5m, 31, 


8m. 31, 
3m. 29, 
3m. 23, 
12m. 20, 
Im. 28, 
12m. 27, 
4m. 12, 
8m. 15, 
3m. 7, 





The five eldest of the above children born 
in Stonington, the others Richmond. 

Isaac, died, Im. 3, 1841 

Mary J., ^' 12m. 3, 1803 

Bathsheba,'' 10m. 8, 1847 

William C," 8m. 17, 1832 

South Kingstown Friends Record. 171 

Collins Mary, (lied 5m. 9, 1853 
" John W., " 10m. 5, 1873 
" Joseph, " 8m. 12, 1874. 

" Mary, wife of Dr. Isaac, died, 12m. 3, 1863 

'' Amos, died, 5m. 22, buried 25, 1796. 
'' Thankful, his wife, died, 7m, 30, buried 31, 1831 

Both buried in Friend's burial yard Hopkinton- 
'' Timothy, b. Im. 4, 1799, d. 5m. 5, 1867 
" Marv Ann, his wife, b. 11m. 15, 1800, d, 11m. 19, 

" Mary Ann, of Timothy and Mary Ann, 12m. 24, 1825 

died, 2m. ]9, 1847. 
'' Abel Oiarke,of Timothy and Mary A., 8m. 17, 1828 
'' Peleg G., '' '' 8m. 17, 1828 

'' Hannah Clarke, '' '' 10m. 15, 1831 

'' John, '^ '' 4m. 23, 1836 

died, 2m. 29, 1847. 
^' Lydia W., of Lewis and Lydia, 8m. 21, 1812, died, 

Im. 3, 1833. 
*' Marv D., of Lewis and Lydia, 6m. 25, 1814, died, 

^ 3m. 29, 1815. 
•'^ Sarah Ann, of Lewis and Lydia, 4m. 2, 1816, died, 

8m. 10, 1853. 
** Eliza N., of Lewis and Lydia, 11m. 6, 1817, died, 

( wife of William Brown ), Im . 1, 1840. 
" George Lewis, of Lewis and Lydia, 12m. 31, 1820, 

died in Providence, 8m. 10, 1853, 
" Charles Gilbert, of Lewis and Lydia, 7m. 4, 1828 
'^' Lvdia, wife of Lewis, died aged 58y. 00m. 27d., 

4m. 13, 1834. 
'^' Catherine Hosena ( Gifford ), wife of Hezekiah, died 

aged 83 years, 5m. 13, 180L 

172 Narragansett Historical Registkr. 

Collins Samuel, of Hezekiah and Catherine H., died aged 

61y. 11m. 25d., 7m. 21), 1811. 
" Abel Francis, b. Im. 22, 1809. 
" Electa Jane, his wife, ( b. New Hartford, N. Y. ), 

8m. 22, 1818. 
" Clarkson Abel, of A. F. and E. J., 12m. 16, 1853 
" Francis Wendall, " " Gm. 2, 1845 

" Abel Chalkley, " " 3m. 27, 1857 

" Peter Hoxsie, of Peter and Deborah, 6m. 5, 1809 
" Mary D., " " 12m. 25, 1810 

died, 7m. 9, 1873. 
" Hannah Dennis, of Peter and Deborah, 8m. 16, 1812 

died, 5m. 19, 1812. 
" Abel T., of Peter and Deborah, 5m. 12, 1814 

" Joseph W., '' " 8m. 24, 1816 

" Anna Maria, " " 3m. 21, 1821 

" Edward William, of Peter and Deborah, Im. 16, 1826 
" Peter Sen., died aged 63y. 6m. 27d., 8m. 18, 1839 
" Deborah his wife, ( daughter of Abel ), died aged 

66y. Im. 27d., 11m. 26, 1857. 
" Peter H., b. 6m. 5, 1809. 
" Ruth Ann, his wife, b. 6m. 12, 1814. 
" Wm., Thurston, of Peter H. & Ruth A., 8m. 19, 1848 
" James Robinson, " " 8m. 3, 1850 

" Anne Elizabeth, '' " 8m. 2, 1858 

died, 11m. 26, 1878. 
" George W., of Isaac, 4m. 15, 1824 
" Gilbert, " 10m. 1, 1826, d. 11m. 14, 1826 

" Charles R., " 10m. 6, 1830, d. 3m. 7, 1831 

" William C, " 10m. 20, 1832 

" Mary E., " 5m. 12, 1836 

" Peleg G., b. 5m. 17, 1828. 

South Kingstown Friends Record. 17J 

Collins Mary W., his wife, b. 6m. 2, 1826. 

" Hannah Clarke, of P. G. & M. W., 7m. 1, 1852 
" Charles Atheiton, '^ " 9m. 30, 1853 

" Alfred Gardiner, " " 3m. 18, 1855 

" Ella Winslow, " " 4m. 11, 1857 

" Mary Winslow, " " 12m. 16, 1858 

" Lillian Gardiner, " '' 5m. 3, 1862 

'' Sarah Stanton, " '' 5m. 25, 1864 

" Peleg Clarke, " " 12m. ll' 1868 

" Charles A., " " d. 12m. 23, 1854 

" Abel, b. 5m. 17, 1828. 
" Mary Tabor, his wife, b. 10m. 11, 1835. 
" Francis Wendall, of Abel and Mary T., 2m. 6, 1845 
'' Alice A^ictoria, " ^' 9m. 17, 1855 

'' Mary Anna, " " 12m. 13, 1864 

4m. 18, 1877 
" Francis Winlield, " " 12m. 12, 1878 

^' Thomas Foster, of Ephraim, 6m. 6, 1837 

" AbelJames, of Amos W. and Lncy F., 5m. 12, 1846 
^' Mary A., wife of Abel, and daughter of Thomas 
and Mary Wilbur ; died aged 85y. 3m. lid. 
2m. 20, 1858, and buried in Hopkinton. 
'' Deborah, died 11m. 26, 1857, 

" Mary Wilbur, d. aged 65y. 2,m lOd. 8m. 17, 186] 
" Abby R., of Abel and Mary A., died 7m. 6, 1834 
'' Abel, died in his 65th. year, 9m. 17, 1835 

" Lydia F., 2nd. wife of Lewis, died, Im. 5, 1862 
" Lewis, died, 6m. 11, 1848. 

" Gilbert Lewis, of Charles G. & Mary S., 8m. 31, 1860 
" Mar;y Lydia, " " 12m. 15, 1862 

'' Catherine Elvira, " " 5m. 26, 1865 

Congdon John, b. 11m. 21, 1752, d. 9m. 27, 1831 

174 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Congdoii Alice, his wife, b. d. 5m. 26, 1798 

Sarah, " b. 5m. 30, 1767 
" Hannah, of John and Alice, b . Im. 19, 1782, d. 

2m. 13, 1782. 
" Mary Alice, of John and Sarah, 9m. 12, 1800 

" Sarah Ann, " " 5m. 29, 1803 

" Bathsheba, of Charles and Sarah, 9m. 23, 1783 

" William, " '' 12m. 10, 1785 

Mary, " " 3m. 23, 1789 

" Joseph, " " 5m. 26, 1792 

" Charles, " " 8m. 2, 1794 

" Sarah, Avife of Charles, died, 3m. 3, 1796 

" Freelove, Avife of William, of Sonth Kingstown, 

died, 8m. 17, 1812. 
Cook Rebecca, died, 3m. 18, buried 20, 1792. 

Davis Content, wife of Peter, died in her 64th. year, Im. 4, 
" Martha, wife of Peter, died aged 88 years, 4m. 12, 

" Peter, died aged lOOy. 11m. 5d. 9m. 22, 1812 

buried 24. All the above buried in Friend's burial 
yard Hopkinton. 
" Lois, 6m. 13, 1796. 
" Moses, died 12m. 27, buried 29, 1815. 
Dockray Marv, wife of John B., died at South Kingstown, 
3m. 12. 1814. 
" Mercy ( Peckham of William ) , wife of John B., 

died, 11m. 29, 1850. 
" John Bigland, Jr., of John B. and Mercy, of South 
Kingstown, 4m. 24, 1813. 

i( il 

10m, 23, 1819 

a i 

5m. 18, 1820 


2m. 26 1757 


10m. 18, 1760 


2m- 8, 1765 


6m. 15, 1770 


10m. 7, 1776 

. a 

10m. 21, 1781 


Sm. 1, 1784 


6m. 15, 1786 


2m. 4, 1790 


5m- 16, 1792 


3m- 16, 1795 

South Kingstown Friends Recohd. 175 

Dockmy William Peckh<am, of same parents, Im. 14, 1815 
" Meicj, 
" James Perry, 
Dye Samuel, of John and Thankful, 

" Richard, '^ 

'' Elizabeth, 

'' Jonah, " 

'' John, " 

'' William, " 

•" Stephen, " 

'' Richard, 

"' Thankful, 

'' Russell, " 

*' Elizabeth, 

'' Daniel, 5m. 28, 1771. 

^' Elizabeth Nichols, 2m- 9, 1776- 

'' Andrew, 3m. 19, 1778. 

" James, Im. 10, 1780. 

'' Rachel Nichols, 3m. 12, 1782. 

■" Daniel, of Samuel and Anne, 10m. 4, 1785 

'' Elizabeth, '' '' 4m. 30, 1788 

'' George, " " Hm. 22, 1790 

" Deborah, '' " 10m. 4, 1794 

E F 

Foster Martha, b. Richmond, of Card & Samh, 7m, 8, 1751 

^' Judeth, " " " 11m. 6, 1752 

" John, b. 8m. 18, 1755; died, 9m. 27, 1825 

" Ruth, 

" Sarah, of John and Ruth, 3m. 22, 1777 

" Ethan, '^ " 8m. 15, 1779 

-^ Othniel, " '' 6m. 13, 1782 

176 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Foster Martha, of John and Ruth, 12m. 22, 1785 

" Elizabeth, " " 6m. 18, 1788 

" Judeth, " *' 12m. 1, 1790 

" John, " " 2m. 13, 1793 

died, 11m. 3, 1833. 
" Temperance, of Thomas and Phebe, 3m. 9, 1829 

died, 1861. 

" John Wilbur, of Thomas and Phebe, 9m. 1, 1830 
" Ethan Brago-, " ^' Im. 26, 1832 

" Thomas Wilbur, " " 3m. 20, 1834 

" George Garfield, " " 9m. 20, 1835 

" Lydia Wilbur, " " 10m. 19, 1837 

died, 1861. 

" Phebe Hannah, of Thomas and Phebe, 6m. 7, 1840 

died, 5m. 10, 1862. 
" John, of Ethan and Temperance, 9m. 24, 1802 

" Thomas, " " 4m. 22, 1804 

'' Elizabeth, '' " 3m. 15, 1806 

" Ethan, '• '' 6m. 5. 1808 

" Mary Ann, " ^ " 9m. 1, 1812 

" Sarah W., " " Im. 12, 1815 

Two eldest of above born in Richmond, the others 

not stated. 
" John, Jr., b. 9m. 25„ 1802. 
" Pelina, his wife, b. 5m, 17, 1819. 
" John H., of John and Pelina, 6m. 5, 1839 

" Charles, " " lOm. 28, 1840 

" Eunice, of Othniel and Eunice, 11m. 26, 1804, d. 

2m. 31, 1808. 
" Sarah, of < 
Ruth Anna, 
John B., 



I and 


7m. 25, 1807 



2m. 14, 1809 



7m. 3, 1811 



3m. 30, 1813 

South Kikgstown Friends Record. 177 

Foster Mary, of Othniel and Eunice, Im. 26, 1815 

''■ George, " " 8m. 30, 1816 

'' Elizabeth, -' " 4m. 15, 1818 

'' Stephen Hoxsie, " " 2m. 1, 1820 

'' Martha, " " Im. 29, 1823 

" Ljdia Mitchell, '' " 7m. 27, 1824 

'' Dorca^s Peckham, " *' 10m. 26, 1827 

'' Mary, ( formerly Wilbur ), died, 9m. 8, 1831 

^' Ruth, widow of John and daughter of Stephen and 
Elizabeth Hoxsie, died aged 'SQ years and about 9 
month.s ; 9m. 9, 1836. 
'' Ethan, died 8m. 5, 1838. 


Gardiner Abiel, b. Im. 20, 1727, d. Im. 8* 1801 

'' Hannah, b 4m. 10, 1760, d. 6m. 13, 1839. 
" Joshua, b. 4m. 12, 1762. 
" Dorcas, his wife, b. 12m. 22, 1767. 
" Joshua, of Joshua and Dorcas, 12m. 25, 1803 

'' Abiel, '^ . " 12m. 25, 1804 

'' Susannah, '' " 4m. 2, 1807 

^' John W., of Joshua and Elizabeth, Im. 9, 1829 
'' Abbie Wilbur, '• 
Mary Ann, 

Gifford Hannah, of William and Martha, 
'' Jabez, 
" William, 

Greene Sarah, b. Im. 14, 1793. 
" Elizabeth, b. 9m. 19, 1805. 


Im. 21, 



9m. 8, 


2m. 16, 


12m. 5, 


Im. 28, 


178 Narragansett Historical Register. 


Hazard Sarah, of Thomas ( of Robert ) and Elizabeth ( Rob- 
inson of William ) , b. 11m. 10, 1747, died, 5nr 

20, 1753. 
" Robert, of same parents, 10m. 17, 1753. 
" Thomas, " b. 11m. 13, 1755, d. 3m. 15, 

" Thomas, 2nd. '' 1). 11m. 15.1758. 
" Sarah, wife of George, died, aged 26y. 10m.; 4m. 

12, 1783; bnried in old Meeting-house yard So. 

" Sarah, of George and Sarah, b. 3m. 28, 1783, died 

in South KingstoAvn 6m. 17, 1818. - 
" Benjamin, of Tlnmias ( of Benj'n ) , and Hannah, 

11m. 4, 1784. 
" Thomas, of same barents, 5m. 8, 1787. 
" Hannah, '^ 11m. 14, 1791. 

" Isaac Senter, " b. 3m. 27, d. 29, 1795 

" 2nd. " b. 5m. 10, d. 11, 1796 
" Thomas, of Robert and Sarah, died in his 78 year, 

8m. 26, 1798. 
" Sarah, of Benjamin and Joanna, 9m. 11, 1815 

" Hannah, " " 6m. 9, 1817 

" Esther, died in her 47 year, 4m. 21, 1819 
" Mary Abbie, of Jonathan Nicliols and Maiy ( Cono-- 

d(Ui ), his wife, 4m. 29, 1828 
" Anna Congdon, of same parents, 3m. 19, 1830 

died, 7m. 10, 1832. 
" Sarah Congdon, of same parents, 12m. 28, 1831 

" Anna Congdon 2nd., '' Im. 26, 1834 

died, 10m. 11, 1835. 

South Kixgstown Feiends Recobd. 179 

Hcazard John Congdon, of same parents, 3m. 31, 1836 

^- Rowland, '- 4m. 20, 1838 

" George, died, 8m. 1, 1825. 
'' Sarah, his wife, died, 10m. 31, 1834. 
" Alice R., died, Im. 1, 1837. 
^' Mary R., died, 3m. 26, 1837. 

•• Jane, died aged 73y. 4m. lid. 4m. 13, 1862 

" Thomas B., died 9m. 28, hiiried 30, 1845 

Heaiey Mary Davis, of Martha, 4m. 11, 1782 
" Martha, - 3m. 4, 1790 

" Hannah, of Christopher and Alice, 10m. 28, IIM 

died, 9m. 28, 1796. 
" Samuel, of Christopher and Alice, 4m. 28, 1796 
" Elizabeth, " " 6m. 6, 1797 

" Peter Davis, of Joseph and Martha, 8m. 11, 1795 
" Hannah, •' '^ 10m. '3, 1798 

above children born in Hopkinton. 
'' Joseph 8., 2m. 21, 1799 
" Rachel, 8m. 30, 1800 
" Thomas, 12m. 10, 1802 

Martha, of Solomon and 

I lAIai 


3m. 2, 





. 7m. 9, 





3m. 14, 





6m. 29, 





11m. 17, 





Im. 15, 





6m. 00, 


above children born 

in Charlestown. 

Barnabus, of 

Stephen and Elizabeth, 

9m. 1, 





3m. 8, 





5m. 13, 





11m. 9, 


died, 9m, 

. 4, 1750. 

180 Nakragansett Hij^torical Register. 

Hoxsie Haniiabj of Stephen and Elizabeth, llni. 7, 1744 

'' Samuel, " '• Cm. i:^, 1747 

" Ruth, " " 11m. 4, 1749 

" John, " '' 5m. 28, 1752 

Edward, ' " " 11»^- 11' I'^'J^ 

Mary, " " Ihn. 2:J, 1757 

Gideon, " " 9m. 9, 1759 

Presberry, " " Im. 14, 1762 

The eklest of the above born Westerly, the next 

six Charlestown, the rest Richmond. 
Elizabeth, wife of Stephen, died age 59 years, 10m. 

25, 1778. 
Benjamin, of Benjamin and Sarah, Im. 14, 1743 

Bathsheba, '' '' 9m. i;>, 1744 

Sarah, " " • 8m. 22, 1746 

Ann, " '' 6m. 3, 1748 

above children born in Charlestown. 
Dorcas, of John and Mercy, of South Kingstown, 

5m. 18, 1749. 
Editha, of Barnabus and Elizabeth, 
Stephen, " 

Enock, " 

Elizabeth, " 

Esther, " 

died, 4m. 10, 1778. 
Joshua, of Barnabus and Elizabeth, 
Esther, " 

Lydia, " 

Barnabus, died, 4m. 11, 1799 
Elizabeth, his wife, died, 4m. 12, 1799 

buried in one grave in Friends burial yard Rich- 


Im. 00 



7m. 27, 



4m. 1, 



5m. 21, 



4m. 8, 



5m. 7, 



6m. 22, 


South Kin^jstown Fkiends Record. 


Hoxsie Solomon, of Peter and Sarah, 10m. 14, 1784 

died, 11m. 3, 1793; buried in Friend's burial 

yard Rielimond. 
Elizabeth, of Peter and Sarah, 10m. 22, 1787 

Solomon, died, 3m. 23, 1781, buried near his house 

Stephen, died aged 80y. 00m. 26d.; 10m. 24, 1793 

buried 27, in Friend's burial yard Richmond. 
Elizabeth, of Stephen and Anna, 
Thomas W., '' " 

William B., 

Stephen, *' *'•' 

Anna, '' '' 


Martha, " '' 


Solomon Kenyon,'' " 

John Woodman, " '' 

Benjamin, died at Westerly, aged 78 years lacking 

Im. lid.; Ini. 14, buried 16, 1795. 
Mary, died, aged 90 years and about 5 months, 

buried 20th. near Avhere she lived ; 3m. 18, 1797 
Joshua, Jr., of Joshua and Elizabeth, 4m. 12, 1805 

died, 7m. 16, 1806. 
Solomon W., of Joshua and Elizabeth, 8m. 11, 1806 

Im. 12, 


9m. 8, 


10m. 25, 


8m. 31, 


10m. 7, 


10m. 14, 


9m. 30, 


10m. 23, 


Im. 7, 


9m. 9, 


8m. 3, 


Edith Ann, 
Rowland K., " 

Gideon K., 

Eliza N., 

Peter, died, 8m. 1, 1819 

6m. 23, 1809 

4m, 1, 1811 

2m. 19, 1815 

2m. 26, 1818 

182 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Hoxsie Sarah, ( supposed widow of Peter ), died aged 79v. 
3iii. 2d.; 3m. 29, 1828. 
'' John, died, 3m. 19, 1833 
'" Anne, widow of Stephen, died, Im. 23, 1838 
Hull Joseph, of Joseph and Susanna, 8m. 11, 1714 

" Susanna, " "• 2m. 20, 1716 

'^ Mary, " " 12m. 19, 1718 

" Experience, " " 6m. 21, 1722 

died, 10m. 31, 1718. 
" Susanna, wife of Joseph, died in her 62nd. year 

7m. 25, 1718. 
" Joseph, died aged 67y. 4m. lOd.; 3m. 24, 1791 

buried 26th. in Friend's burial yard near Tower 
Hill, South Kingstown. 

Irish Benjamin, of Joseph and Dorcas, of South Kingstown, 
b. . 3m. 16, 1750. 
" Mary, of same parents, 6m. 24, 1751. 
" Dorcas, wife of Joseph, of South Kingstown, died, 

7m. 24, 1752. 
" Dorcas, of Joseph and Sarah, 7m. 20, 1755 

Assa, '' " 7m. 20, 1755 

Amos, " " 5m, 20, 1757 

above children born in South Kingstown. 
Benjamin, of Job and Mary, 11m. 1, 1753 

Elizabeth, " ''" 2m. 20, 1756 

Lydia, " ' '^ 5m. 4, 1759 

Jedediah, " . " 3m. 3, 1762 

Mary, " " 10m. 19, 1765 

South Kingstown Friends Record 


Irish Peter Davis, of Job and Mar}^, 7m. 14, 1768 

the first four of the children born South Kinostown, 
the next Pomfret, the last Stonington. 
*' Mary, wife of John, of Stonington, died in her 75 year 
buried 15th. in Friends burial yard Westerly ; died, 
4m. 13, 1799. 

J K 

Kenyon George, 2m, 4, 17:^)3, d. 12m. 8, 1519. 


Martha, his 

wife, 5m. 2, 


35, d. 

11m. 22, 



Mary, of George 

and Maitha, 

Sm. 25^ 






3m, 25 






11m. 15, 






2m. 57, 






2m. 27, 






4m. 23, 






11m. 20, 






5m. 30, 






5m. 16, 





4m. 6, 






Im, 31 






3m. 17 






4m. 9, 



John H., 



5m. 24, 



Martha, of Solomon 



2m. 27, 






2m. 24, 






5m. 19 






4m. 20. 



George C., 



11m. 26, 






7m. 29. 





" died 

, 8m. 9 



John T., 



Im. IL 


184 Naekagansett Historical Register. 

Kenyoii Eiiiiiee, Solomon and Eunice, 2m. 9, 1805 

" Ehvood, " " 4m. 21, 1807 

" Lydia, " '' 11m. 29, 1809 

'• dknl, Im. 30, 1810 

" Thomas Elwood, " " 4m. 21, 1807 

the first seven of the above cliildren liorn in South 

Kingstown, the others Richmond. 

Mary, of Gideon and Sarah, 11 30, 1793 

Im 7, 1796 

4m. 22, 1798 

" died, 5m. 15, 1829 

4m. 9, 1800 

4m. 9, 1802 

" died, 5m. 24, 1810 

5m. 1(), 1804 

" 6m. 21, 1807 

2m. 19, 1811 














Gideon H., 















George S., o 

if Geor; 




















Abel Collins, 




























. ^3, 


the first four of the above children born South 

King-stoAvn, the next two Hopkinton, the two last 

Rowland, of John H. and Ruth, 11m. 21, 1805 

died, 9m. 14, 1807. 
Rowland, 2nd., of the same parents, 8m. 2, 1808 

died, 5m. 30, 1814. 

South Kinghtown Friends Record. 185 

Kenyon Mary Ann, of the same parents, 9m. 19, 1810 
" Julina, " '• 5m. 17, 1814 

'' John H., " « 4m- 20, 1816 

" Eunice, died, 9m. 13, 1819. 
Knowles John, h. 5nj. 25, 1720, d. 2m. 9, 1793. 
huried in Friend's burial yard Richmond. 
" Susanna, his wife, b. 7m. 1724, d. 9m. 1767 
" Sarah, of Robert and Ann, 3m. 9, 1722 

'' William, ^' " 8m, 13, 1725 

^' Robert, '' " 12m- 27, 1727 

Joseph, " " Im. 16, 1730 

Ann, ^' " 8m. 20, 1737 

Robert, sou of John, b. 6m. 16, 1749. 
Catherine, his wife, b. 12m. 29, 1753. 
John Warner, of Robert and Catherine, Im 31, 1776 
Elizabetli, ' '^ '' 4m. 13, 1784 

^' Thomas Rodman, " '' 12m. 19, 1786 

Catherine Fry, " '' Im. 15, 1790 

Benjamin, " '' 9m. 1, 1792 

Ruth, *^ '' 6m. 29, 1796 

Alice, of Joseph and Bathsheba, 10m. 24, 1754 
Robert, " '' 8m. 29, 1758 

above children born South Kingstown. 
Bathsheba, wife of Joseph, died aged near OS years; 
buried 31st., in new meeting house yard South 
Kingstown; Im. 29, 1800. 
Joseph, died aged 79 years wanting 9 days, 3m. 7, 

Mary ( Hoxsie ), wife of John, died, 3m. 23, 1757 
Susanna, of John and Mary, 6m. 2, 1779 

John, '' '' 3m. 2, 1781 



186 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Knowles William, of Jolu) unci Mary, 4m. 25, 1783 

" Daniel, '' " 6m. 25, 1785 

" Stephen, " " 7m. 27, 1787 

« Elizabeth, " " Im. 19, 1789 

" John, (lied, 8m. 24, 1791; buried 25, in Friend's 

biirinl yard Rielnnond. 
" William T., b. 5m. 22, 1758, d. 8m. 20, buried 

22, 1803 ; in Friend's burial yard Ri( limond. 
" Avis, his wife, b. 3m. 8, 1758 
" Avis, of William T. and Avis. 











. 5, 
















• ^S 












. 4, 


Amie, b. 2m. 15, 1769 d. 7m 23, 1850 
Elizabeth, died, 2m. 1, 1785, buried at Richmond. 
Ann, died, 4m. 14, 1785 ; l)uried at Friend's burial 

yard Tower Hill. 
Hannah, of Robert and Lucy Anna, 10m. 14, 1783 
Henry, " " Im. 27, 1786 

Bathsheba, " " 4m. 1^, 1788 

Aliee, " " 7m. 8, 1790 

Catherine, " '' 7m. 20, 1792 

Anna, " " 7m. 30, 1795 

Benjamin Rodman; of above parents, 8m. ^^, 1797 
Sarah, '' " 6m. 10, 1799 

Jonathan, of William, 9m. 14, 1797 
George, '"' died nged 13m.; 7m. 14, 1803 

South Kingstown Friends Record, 187 

Knowles Elizabetli^ of Joliii W- and Kstlier, Im. 5, 1802 

" Bariiabus, " " 8m 30, 1804 

« Deborah, '' " 10m. 19, 1805 

■'^ John H., of Jolm and Hannah, 7m- 1, 1804 

'' Solomon R., " " 9m- 3, 1807 

'' Sarah, " « Im. 9, 1810 

" Mary, " '' 3m- 9, 1813 

" Calvin, *' " 5m- 22, 1816 

" Robert R-, " " 

" Anna Almy, " " 9m- 6, 1821 

" Horace Rrowning, *' " Im- 27, 1824 

« John, of John, died, 11m. 30, 1864 

^* Hannah, his wife died, 12m. 31, 1871 

" John Hoxsie, b- 7m- 1, 1804 

^* Catherine E., his wife, died, 12m. 2, 1880 

** William Collins, of John H. and Catherine E., 7m. 

12, 1828. 

" Robert, died in his 61st- year, 2m- 1, 1810; buried 

in Friend's burial yard Richmond. 

" Henry A., of Henry and Susanna, 2m. 21, 1811 

'' Abraham, " " Im. 10, 1813 

" Susanna, " " 5m. 7, 1815 

^^ Mary, '' " 9m. 13, 1816 

-^ Abraham, " '' died, 7m 18, 1814 

above children born in South Kingstown. 

" Catherine, died, 3m. 24, 1825 

L M 

Munroe Pliebe, of Collins, died aged 59 years 6 1-5 m, 
buried in Friend's burial yard Hopkinton ; died, 
12m 3, 1854. 
" Thankful, 3m. 28, 1855 

188 Narragansett Historical Register. 


Nichols Martha, b. 10m. 24, 1741 

" John Taylor, of Andrew and Anne, 9ni. 3, 1764 
" " " " died, Ini. 20, 1835 

" Andrew, " " Ini. 3, 1766 

" Elizabetli, " " 9m. 10, 1768 

'' William, " " 11m. 22, 1770 

" Elizabeth, " " 8m. 29, 1773 

" Susanna Neaii, ^' " 7ra. 17, 1796 

" Andrew, " " 6m. 28, 1808 

" • Rachel, died aged 88 y. 7m. 3d., and buried in 

Friend's burial yard; died, 5m. 15, 1792. 
" John, of Andrew and Rachel, died aged 64 years; 

9m. 17, 1800 ; buried in Friend's burial yard. 
" Mary, wife of John Taylor Nichols, died 12m. 9, 

1841, aged 82 years. 
" John Taylor, Jr., died aged 73 years, 2m. 17, 1870 
" Andrew, died aged 82 years, 9m. 4, 1841 
" Mary, his wife, died aged SO years, 4m. 1, 1844 
" Elizabeth, died at her birth, buried next day. 
" William, died Im. 27, 1853, buried the 30th. 
" Elizabeth, died 11m. 27, buried 30, 1882 

The burials of the above family were in the Fri- 
end's burial yard near Tower Hill. 


Oatley Mary, died aged 83y. 5m. 24d., was buried near 
house in lower meeting house lot South Kingstown 
died 5m. 20, buried 22, 1786. 

South Kingstown Friends Record. 189 

Parker Catherine, died aged 77y. 11m. 19d., 11m. 14, 1781 

buried in Friend's burial yard Tower Hill. 
Peckham Sarah, of William and Mercy, 11m. 28, 1777 

'' Alice, " " Im. 19, 1780 

'' William, " " 11m. 4, 1781 

'' Mercy, '' " 7m. 11, 1783 

Dorcas, " " 2m. 7, 1787 

" Perry, " " 6m. 30, 1789 

'' Elizabeth, " " 11m. 9, 1792 

" " a a ^^ 2, 1878 

" Mary, " " 3m. 27, 1795 

" " " " died, Im. 27, 1827 

^/ William, died aged 68 years, 5m. 19, 1820. 
" Mercy, his wife, died, 7m. 24, 1810. 
" Dorcas, widow of William, died, 4m. 15, 1831 
" Elizabeth, wife of Peleg, died, 9m. 12, 1788 
" Mary, died, 10m. 1, 1827 
Perry Mary, of James and Alice, 8m. 25, 1719 
" James, " " 8m. 27, 1728 

" Alice, " Anna, 5m. 20, 1736 

" Jonathan, '• " 7m. 2, 1738 

" Samuel, '' " 12m. 24, 1739 

" Alice, wife of James, died, 12m. 7, 1731 
" Thomas, of Simeon and Anne, 12m. 7, 1776 
" Hoxsie, " " 5m. 10, 1778 

- Sarah, " ^' 8m. 17, 1780 

u Solomon, " " 6m. 25, 1782 

" Anne, wife of Simeon and daughter of Solomon Hoxsie 
deceased j died, 10m. 27, 1785. 


Narragansett Historical Registeb. 

Perry Elizabeth, wife of Simeon, died aged 35y. 10m., buried 

22, near house in Hopkinton, died, 6m. 20, 1778 

" Martha, of Stephen and Elizabetli, died, 4m. 2, 1789 

buried near house in Hopkinton. 
" Sarah, wife of Simeon of Charlestown, d. 6m. 1, 1792 
" Simeon of Charlestown, died, 12m. 2, 1802 
" Hannah, widow of Simeon, died 4m. 10, 1817 
" William S., b, 3m. 1, 1799, died, 8m. 4, 1862 
" Lois, his wife, b. 6m. 13, 1796 

" Francis Howgall, " 

" Lois Anthony, " 

" Mary Peckham, " 

" William Henry, " 

" Robert Barclay, " 

c( ii a a 

" Preserved, " 

il U ii 

" Susan Amie, " 

" Susan Amie, 2nd. " 

" Charles, of Thomas and Elizabeth, 

" Anna. " " 

" Thomas, 

" William Henry, b. 5m. 1, 1831 

" Sarah Anna ( Nichols ), his wife, 

died, 5m. 29, 1880. 

" Elizabeth, his wife, b. 6m. 4, 1837 

" George E., of William H. and Sarah, 

" William F., 

" Herbert Burton, " " 


3m. 3, 



9m. 5, 



7m. 6 



3m. 29, 



5m. 1, 



11m. 23, 


" d. 

9m. 12, 



Im. 22, 



9m. 19, 



5m. 2, 



9m. 23, 



9m. 4, 


9m. 27, 


9m. 2, 


6m. 6, 


b. 6m. 15, 1836 

8m. 26, 1855 
3m. 12, 1857 
Im. 28, 1859 

South Kingstown Friends Recokd. 191 

Perry Elvira Maria, of William H. and Sarali^ 5ra. 14, 1861 
" Daniel Edward, 

Albeit Henry, 
John Braneb, 

Sidney Howard, 

lOm. 31, 


11m. 14, 


llm. 14, 


11m. 5, 


10m. 19, 


Q 11 

^' Lois Anna, 

Hatbbun Joshua, of Joshua ( dec. ) and Sarah, 8m. 25, 1767 
" Abraham Borden, of same parents, llm. 10 1769 
" Acors, ( b. Stonington } '' " ^ Im. 23, 1772 

" Benjamin Bagnall, " " ' 3m. 17, 1774 

^' Rowland R., of Aeors and Lydia, 9m. 1, 1776 
" Mary, " " 8m. 27, 1778 

died in her 5tli. year. 
" Joshua, of Acors and Lydia, 10m. 4, 1780 

" Dorcas, '' " 12m. 29, 1782 

'' Lydia, " " llm. 29, 1785 

^' Lydia, wife of Acors, died, 8m. 14, 1788 

died at Stonington Point, buried with her father 

and mother in Hopkinton. 
■" Sarah, of Abraham B. and Deborah, 7m. 21, 1793 
^' Joshua, of Acors and Sarah, llm. 24, 1794, d. 

Im. 24, 1795. 
" William, of Acors and Sarah, 2m. 18, 1796 

" Sarah, " " llm. 11, 1797 

'^ Solomon, '' " 6m. 30, 1799 

" Wells, " " 2m. 12, 1801 

^' Deboiah, wife of Abraham Boickn Rathbun, of 

South Kingstown, died aged 27y. 6m. lOd., 

buried 29th. in Friend's bui'ial yard Hopkinton, 

died, 5m. 16, 1795. 

192 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Ratlibun Solomon Hoxsie, of Joshua tind Eliz^^betli, lOiii. 

10, 1805. 

" Sarah, of Joshua and Elizabeth, 8ni. 15, 1807 

" George, " '' lOin. 27, 1810 

'' '' '' " (lied, 4m. 19, 1812 

George Fox, " " 6m. 10, 181.'^ 

" Peter HoxsieV' " 11m. 4, 1815 

Mary Alice, " " 3m. 4, 1818 

'' Rowland Kobinson, of above parents, 9m. 11, 1822 

Ray Bathsheba, 2nd. wife of Isaiah, died, 10m. 20, 1838 

Read Elizabeth, 2n.. 1(3, 1796 

Richmond Stephen,.b. 8m. 3, 1704, d. 6m. 26, 1787 
'' Anne, b. 9m. 1, 1706, died, 5m. 12, 1785 

married John Hoxsie. 
Jane, of Cyrus and Phebe, 4m. 7, 1733 
Cyrus, " " 3m. 6, 1737 

Phebe, " " 8m. 25, 1739 

Abigail " '' 5m. 16, 1743 

" Mary, " " 5m. 15, 1745 

Robinson William A., ( b. Huntington, N. J. ) 10m. 18, 
" Dorcas ( Brown ), his wife, ( b. Danby, Yt. ) 3m. 

26, 1807. 
" Mary Atmore, of William A. and Dorcas, 8m. 28, 

" James, of same parents, 5m. 19, 1831 

" Edward Hadwin, " - Im. 16, 1833 

" Caroline, " " 6n.. 8, 1834 

" Anne Atmore, " " 5m. 30, 1837 

" William Atmore, " '' 5m. 7, 1841 

above children born in South KinostoAvn. 
" Rowland, of James and Mary A., 5m. 29, 1806 

South Kingstown Friends Record. 193 

Robinson Sylvester C, of James and Mary A., 11m. 19, 

1808, died at Salem, Mass., 3m. 2, 1883. 
Rodman Robert, of Samuel and Penelope, 9m. 28, 1745 

" Daniel, "^ " 3m. 4, 1747 

" William, " « 9m. 19, 1748 

" Catherine, " " 5m. 9, 1751 

" Penelope, " " 5m. 9, 1751 

above children born in South Kinastown. 
" Catherine, of Benja'n and Hannali, 12m. 29, 1753 
" Mary, " '' 12m. 16, 1755 

" Anne, " " 12m. 11, 1757 

" Lucy Anna, " " 4m. 28, 1760 

" Ruth, " « 8m. 12, 1763 

" Deborah, " '•' 8m. 5, 1766 

above children born in South Kingstown. 
" Abigail, wife of Thomas of South Kingstown, died 

aged 78 years 5 months, and buried 19th. in the 

Friend's burial yard near Tower Hill, died, Im. 

16, 1761. 
Rogei-s Anna, Im. 28, 1764 
" Zerniah, 4m. 29, 1765 



ger Hannah, 

of John Jr. 

and Elizabeth 


12, 1746 

" Alice, 




16, 1748 

" John, 




18, 1749 

" Samuel, 




19, 1740 

*' John, 




14, 1743 

" Elizabeth. 



23, 1755 

" John, 

^* .Tr»liT» -Tv 

94- 17i^4. 



18, 1750 


194 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Seager Elizabeth, wife of John Jr., died, 3m. 3, 1755 

ahove children born in Sonth Kingstow)!. 
'' Rebecca, b. 3m. 13, 1762, died, 2m. 11, 1850 
Sheffield Hannah, 12m. 15, 1770 

" James, Im. 27, 1773, died 6m. 10, 1825 

" Alice, 8m. 8, 1775 

'' Joshua, 12m, 1, 1777 

" Samuel, 10m. 1, 1780 

'' Elizabeth, 6m. 2, 1783 

" John, 6m. 7, 1786 

" Mary, 11m. 5, 1788 

^' James, b. Im. 27, 1773, d. 6m. 10, 1825 

" Sarah, his wife, 3m. 22, 1777 


John, of James an( 



7m. 20, 






9m. 3, 






11m. 4, 



Card Foster 


2m. 28, 



John, died 

at Ric; 


aged 31 years 3 months. 

10m. 19, 



Eunice, of John and Ann, 

3m. 4, 




3m. 22, 



died, 3m. 2- 



Edward K., 

10m. 31, 



Mary P., 

Im. 25, 



died, 10m. 19, 




of S 

amucl i\ 

ind Amie, 11m. 8, 





" 12m. 19, 





" Im. 18, 



Amie Knowles, 


" 9m. 17, 


Samuel Christopher," " 2m. 2, 1845 

Slocum Jonathan, 3m. 10, 1808 

South Kingstown Fbiends Recoed. 195 

Smith Mehitable, of Richard and Abigail, 7m. 20, 1745 
" Abigail,, of Richard, of Groton, Conn., died, 6m. 15, 

" Richard, of Groton, Conn., died, 8m. 28, 1800 




of Lot and Susannah, 

7m. 11, 1743 




6m. 11, 1745 




5m. 18, 1747 




3m. 5, 1750 



died, 9m. 25, 1752 




11m. 4, 1752 



died, 12m. 10, 1752 



2d. " 


2m. 22, 1754 





8m. 29, 1755 

Tucker Joshua, b. 9m. 4, 1750, died, 2m. 19, 1832 


Watson Jeffrey, b. 8m. 30, 1786, died, Im. 6, 1838 
« Elizabeth, his wife, b. 8m. 19, 1794 

<' Ezekiel, of Jeffrey and Elizabeth, 12m. 17, 1812 

Dorcas G., '' " 3m. 9, 1814 

Elizabeth B., " " 5m. 30, 1821 

William T., " " 4m. 27, 1824 

Elizabeth B., " " died, 8m. 2, 1837 

" Hannah, widow of Ezekiel, b. 6m. 5, 1767, died, 
2m. 5, 1832. 
Waud Eliza, of Eliphalet, 5m. 12, 1807 

Weaver Anne, of Zebulon and Dorcas, 10m. 1, 1778 

" John Hoxsie, " " 5m. 3, 1780 

Ruth, - . '' 12m. 24, 1781 



Narragansett Historical Register. 

Weaver Zebuloii, 
" Lydia, 
" Joshua, 
" Dorcas, 

Zebuloii and Dorcas, 

9iii. 26, 1783 

. 11m. 3, 17S5 

2m. 21, 1788 

8m. 7, 1792 

Wilbur Woodman, 1). 10m. 13, 1743, died, 7m. 24, 1825: 
buried in Friend's burial yard Hopkintoii. 
" Dorcas, 

'' Esther, 12m. 17, 1769 
" Thomas, of Tho] 
" William, 
" Solomon, ' 

Isaac, ' 


Dorcas, died, Im. 1, 1770 
Thomas Burgeuss, ol William and Anna, 3 
1791, died, 3m. 25, 1795 ; buried in F 
burial yard Hopkintoii. 
Mary, of WilHam and Anna, 
Sarah Greene, " " 

Ann, " '' 

Hannah S., 

Tliomas, of Isaac and Susanna, 
Isaac, " " 

mas and Mary, 

5m. 7, 


U ii 

6m. 10^ 


a a 

2m. 11^ 


a a 

6m. 2 


iC i( 

11m. 9 


u a 

7m. 17, 



Elizabeth, " 

Gideon, " 

Abbie, " 

Alice, " 

Daniel, " 
Isaac Peckham," 

Mary Ann, " 








. 4 









• ^. 



• 7, 









. 6, 






• ^, 






• 3, 






South Kingstown Friends Record 197 

tlie first of the above cliildren born Richmond, 

tlie second South Kingstown, the rest Hopkinton 
Wilbur Thomas, of John and Lydia, Im. 16, 1795 

" Amos Collins, " '' 11m. 25, 1796 

" Lydia, " " 8m. 23, 1798 

" Phebe, " '' 5m. 29, 1800 

'' Susan Cole, " '' 4m. 12, 1802 

'' Sarah S., '' " 5m. 4, 1804 

'' M^ry, " '' 10m. 2, 1806 

above children, eldest born Stonington, the next 

four Hopkinton, two youngest not stated. 
"^^ Thomas, died, 8m. 3, 17D6, buried iu Friend's 

burial yard Hopkinton. 
^' Solomon, died, 5m. 17, buried 18, 1779 
•^' Thomas, of Thomas and Mary, died aged 39y. 4m. 

18d.; 9m. 26, 1801. 
"" William, of Thomas and Mary, died aged 55y. 9m. 

16d.; buried 28, died, 3m. 26, 1821. 

both of the above buried in Friend's burial yard 

" John, of John and Lydia, 7m. 4, 1809 

'' Hannah Collins. " " 8m. 19, 1811 

^' Ruth, " " 12m. 24, 1813 

^' " ^' died, 8m. 5, 1814 

'^ Wilham Hale, " '' 3m. 10, 1816 

- Anna A., " '' 4m. 20, 1818 

" Elizabeth Walker,'' '' Im. 16, 1821 

^' Isaac, died aged 54y. 5m., 2m 11, 1825, buried iu 

Friend's burial yard Hopkinton 
" Isaac Gardiner, of Gideon and Susan, 3m, 15, 1830 
^' Benjamin Knowles, " " 7m. 8, 1832 

^^ Benjamin Hammond, " " died, Im. 4, 1878 

198 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Wilbur Susan Howland, of Gideon & Susan, 11m. 7, 1835 

;" " died, Im. 17, 1878 

" Benjamin T., died, 3m. 6, 1879 
" Hannah Collins, of John and Lydia, died aged 21y. 

00m. 3d.; 6m. 21, 1832. 
" Lydia, of John and Lydia, died aged 38y. 9m. 21d. 
6m. 11, 1837. 
Wik'ox Susanna, 11m. 27, 1773 

Wilkinson Mary, of John and Martha, 3m. 16, 1735 

William, " " 10m. 14, 1736 

Dinah, " " 9m. 14, 1738 

" Mary, " " 12m. 16, 1740 

John, " " 3m. 9, 1742 

Mary, " " died, Im. 28, 1738 

Mary, 2nd. " " " Im. 6, 1750 

two youngest of the above born in Charlestown. 
Williams Caroline Smith, of John Dockray and Hannah 
( Brown ) 3m. 24, 1826, died, Im. 27, 1838. 
" Edward Brown, of same parents, 2m. 2, 1828 

Charles, " " 12m. 22, 1833 

John Dofkray, " " 12m. 22, 1835 

Wing Mary, widow of John, and formerly wife of Thomas 
Wilbur, died, 8m. 4, 1827, buried in Friend's bu- 
rial yard Hopkinton. 

X Y z 

Nothing recorded under these letters. 

From the Woonsockd Patriot, July 19, 1889. 
James N. Arnold, Editor of the Nariagansett Historical 
Register -- a pul)lit'ation, by the way, which deserves more 
liberal encouragement than it receives — is writing a series of 
valuable historical papers for the Rhode Island Pendulum. 


Under date of July 17, 1889, the Proindence Journal 
printed the following- in the report of the encampment of our 
State Melitia at Camp Ladd, at Warwick, of the day preced- 
ing ( July 20 ). 

The Newport men disputed the claim, that this was the 
first display of our National Flag of Forty-two Stars. The 
Register feeling an interest in the matter inquired of its New- 
2)ort correspondent ( Mr. James C. Swan ), upon what 
grounds the Newport claim was based and received the note 
that follows the Journal's article. The reader can see there- 
fore, upon Avliat grounds both claims are based and jndge the 
matter -for himself. 

" There was quite a supprise for General Rhodes and the 
officers of brigade headquarters, when the flag at headquarters 
was raised. At precisely 12,30 o'clock the signal was given, 
the National Band struck up the usual patriotic air, the sa- 
lute of twenty-one guns was fired, and the handsome new 
flag swung' to the breeze, and Camp Ladd was formally op- 
ened. But here the supprise came in, for instead of the usual 
38 stars, there were 42 bright and sparkling gems on the 
new flag. Explanations were in order, and while the flag- 
was a little ahead of authority nobody seemed to find any 
fault with it. This is the first 42 star flag ever raised 
in Rhode Island. 



Narragansett Historical Register. 

Newport, R. L Jvily 30, 1889. 

James N. Arnold, Esq.; 

jy^^^, gij. . 30 Eddy street, Providence, K. 1. 

On Election Day Tuesday May 28, 1889, 
the Old Colony Steamboat Company, from a permanent staff 
attached to the derrick on their Wharf in Newport (the whole 
heioht of which is about one hundred and twenty-hve teet ), 
threw to the breeze a U. S. flag having forty-two stars 

They are in the habit of displaying such a flag on all pub- 

lie occasions. 

Yours Truly; J^^^^s C. bwan. 

E2nta2)hs in the Old Burial Places Dedham, Mass. 
This is the latest work published by the Dedham Historical 
Society. It is a work that should be done more generally 
than it is, to take a copy ot'these epitaphs and publish them 
in this way. To a genealogist such books would prove of 
great value and would afford great aid in his investigations. 
The Rev. Carlos Shifter, A. M., the compiler of the work, 
has done a good thing for the town besides doing himself 
great credit in spending a portion of his time in so profitable 

a manner. 

Through the politeness of Mr. Hill the President of the 
above enterprising society, we have also been favored with a 
history of the three last pastorates of the" First Parish of 
Dedham Mass." It is a very neat and able summary of in- 
teresting events. 


We liere present the following editorials published in the 
Newport papers under the dates given, as a supplement to 
the article refered too, which was published in our last Reo- 
ister. Here we wish to record the fact that features in the 
rivalry between Pawtucket and Woonsoeket, as well as be- 
tween Providence and Newport have recently presented a few 
disgusting elements that belong to blickguards and not to 
gentlemen. As between Providence and Newport, for our- 
selves, we have always had an admiration for both places and 
consider them both worthy. Because Providence is the laro-est 
place, that it should seek to crush a smaller one is unworthy 
serious thought by any fair-minded person. For any set of 
men to take political advantage of it is contemptable. The 
people of our State can teach such men a lesson. If any unfair 
advantage is ever taken of Newport, then that city or town 
that endorses such action of their representatives will have to 
move carefully in the future for they will soon find themselves 
]n a })osition, - politically speaking, - of being most beauti- 
fully left. 

We present also, following these articles, another comment 
which appeared in the Sunday Telegram of Sept. 2, 1888, 
and would say that we have had strong wishes to do this be- 
fore but events have ordered differently. It is our intention 
to treat the struggle of 1842 in a fair and impartial manner, 
and have therefore, invited articles from both sides of the 
contest. This is the only true way to get at the whole truth 
and the truth as it was at the time is what we are searchino- 

if) 1 ^ 

tor and what we wish to obtain. 

15 201 

202 Narragansett Historical Register. 

From Newport Jovriud April 27, 1889. 


For the Journal. 

Forty-seven years ago tliere was a rebellion in Rhode 
Island called the " Dorr War," and the chartered military 
companies were ordered to assist the civil anthority, of which 
companies were the Newport Artillery, the Bristol Artillery, 
the Warren Artillery, the Providence Light Infantry and 
others. Dorr had collected his forces and encamped them on 
Federal hill near Providence. Wanting artillery he sent a 
detachment into Providence, and in the middle of the day 
took two pieces of historic cannon from the company in whose 
care they were and carried them to Federal hill. 

No resistance to this raid was made by the company in 
whose care they were or by any other chartered company in 
Providence. The excuse was, " No orders had beeii given 
to resist." Armed with these two guns and with from fonr 
to six old and nseless cannon. Dorr, with his irregulars, made 
a feint attack on the arsenal, threatening to march into Prov- 
idence, take possession of the State Ilonse and State Officers 
and seize the povernment of the State. 

The executive authority of Rhode Island then fully real- 
ized its danger. Seeing that no dependeiu-e could be placed 
upon the Providence military companies and that assistance 
must come from the south part of the State, the Governor 
chartered a steamboat and sent it to Newport, Bristol, and 
Warren, with orders for the Artillery companies of those 
places to come to Providence as soon as possible. The boat 
came down at midm'ght and at sunrise these three Artillery 

Nevv^port in 1842. 203 

companies landed at Providence. Newport came up with 
iifty-four men, besides its officers and cannon. Bristol and 
Warren sent fnll ranks and two cannon each. The Bristol 
company, " The Iron Book," as they were called, ( every 
motlier's son a fighting man ) had in addition a band, consist- 
ing- of a bass drnm, sharp drnm and a clarinet These three 
companies landed at India Point, and after some delay were 
ordered to tlie Tockwotten House for breakfast ; but before 
any one of them could sip his coffee or eat a crumb of bread 
a report came flying on fearful wings that Dorr was march- 
ing into the city. Orders were given to " take anus" and 
Iiurry along to Weybosset Bridge. The orders were obeyed 
and the companies, the band playing "Federal Hill," as the 
Newport men afterwards called the tune, marched to the 
junction of Weybosset and Westminster streets, where thej 
met their companions-in-arms, who were exceedingly glad to 
see them. There could be no doubt of this, for there thej 
were huddled together, silent and still, api3arently not darino- 
to move or to speak, as if fearing to be seen or heard. " Not 

a drum was lieard, not a note." Occasionally a scout 

was sent around^the corner to see which way Dorr would come. 
After further delay and much talk the line was formed 
and orders were given to attack Dorr on Federal Hill. The 
Providence Light Infantry boldly led the way, the Bristol 
band playing " Federal Hill " and the tfiree Artillery com- 
panies were escorted up Westminster street and up Atwell's 
avenue. A halt was then ordered, for the escort had dis- 
covered that it was in the wrong place, that military etiquette 
had been violated and that the right of the line belonged to 
the Newport Artillery Company, being the oldest in the State, 
and that one hundred and fifty men ( the three Artillery 
companies ) with six pieces of cannon should precede the 

204 Nakkagansktt IlTSioiiicAL Recubter. 

Light liifanlij (Joni|jaiiy oi rrovuleiice in the utlack on Dow, 
each being- an ohler company. This hreach of military eti- 
quette was discovered in this v/ay. Tlie knees of the escort 
Avere o-ettino- rather shaky and the nearer tJiey came to Fedei- 
al Hill the weaker they het^nie. All the legs sympathized 
with the knees and the valirjit nuindi could no longer com- 
mand the timid foot. 

Very soon a staff officer came down the line and gave the 
following order to Colonel Swan, commanding the Newport 

" Colonel Swan. The right of the line belongs to your 
company. You will march it to the front." 

Colonel Swan immediately gave the order " Attention ! 
Newport Artillery ! Right oblique! Forward march." The 
order was obeyed j)romptly. The Newport Artillery obliqued 
out of line, took the right of the whofe cohimn and kept it 
until they saw the black moutlis of' the old historic cannon 
pointed at and about two huiulred feet horn them. 

The Newport company was then ordered to halt, some 
arrangement having been made by the executive of the State 
and Dorr's irregulars that the guns should be restored and 
the men should disperse. Dorr having first run away. 

We need not say any more of Dorr's rebellion. It w^as 
crushed. Tlie Newport Artillei-y took its part in it and did 
its part. 

During tlie summer of 1842 the ladies of Piovidence 
concerted to prcsjnt to the several military companies which 
came to Providence in April and June a color to each aiul 
the lOtli. oi' Septeml)er following was appointed to b(^ the 
day of presentation. All the milittiry companies were invit- 
ed to meet at Providence on iliat day and make a grand jia- 

Newport in 1842. 205 through the streets to tlie Training- Ground, wliere the 
presentations were to be made. 

The Providence Liglit Infantry, for some reason or other, 
and perhaps not wortli recollecting, claimed the right of line, 
the post of honor. There being now no danger from the two 
histoiic guns, loaded to the muzzle, ( the guns being now in 
tlie keeping of the Warren Artillery ) and no Federal Hill 
to clind), and it being only a day for grand parade and glori- 
fication, the Light Infantry loudly and persistently clamored 
for the opportunity to march first in the line. The claim was 
resisted, some sharp correspondence ensued, the Providence 
brigadiers, that is the committee of arrangements, said that 
the program was completed ; that it would be difficult to make 
changes ; that an opportunity to march first was offered to 
and accepted by the Providence Light Infantry ; that the 
program could not be changed and that the Newport Artillery 
must take its place somewhere to the rear, according to the 

This arrangement was positively refused to be submitted 
to . The Providence brigadiers, who seemed inclined to act 
adversely to the Newport Artillery Company, were told that 
unless the Newport company had the right of the line and 
post of honor it would not participate in the parade. The 
assertion of right settled the dispute. The Artillery Company 
of Newport, on the 10th. of September, 1842, took the right 
of the line and kept it, as it did in the previous April on Fed- 
eral Hill, when there was no disputing to whom the honor 
belonged. The Newport Artillery went to Providence on 
that day with eighty-four muskets and a full complement of 
officers. It was the best company in the line and had the 
best band ( Dodsworth's, I think, of New York ) . 

20(*> NAUiiA(JANSETr Historical Registek. 

This artii-le is not written to make the Providence Light 
Infantry feel nncomfortable, hut only to show from facts and 
precedents that the post of honor in time of danger and in 
time of peaceful parade has been conceded to the Newport 
Artillery as of right. It is useless to attempt to take it from 

There was one man at Federal Hill of whom honorahh^ 
mention should he nuide. He was Colonel WiUiam Blodgett, 
senior, and he marched side by side with Colonel Swan, about 
four paces in front of the writer of this article. Had theie 
been fifty as resolute men in Providence who could have had 
the management of affairs, it is possible that there would 
not have been a " Dorr War." 

From Nev^port Mercury, April 27, 1881). 


We publish in this issue an exceedingly interesting and 
timely article upon the " Dorr Rebellion," by Mr. James C. 
Swan, one of the participants in that glorious but ])iood- 
less fight. Mr. Swan probably gives a better account of those 
stormy times in the history of Rhode Island than has evei' 
before been written. The promptness with which the Artillery 
Company, under the connnand of Col. William B. Swan, re- 
sponded to the calls of the Governor of the State shows that 
this organization could always be relied upon in time of dan- 
ger. It shows too that our Providence friends, although 
anxious, then as now, for the place of honor in times of holi- 
day show, yet when they come down to actual business and 
they smell danger ahead, then they are willing that others 

Newport in 1842. 207 

sliall bear off the honors. The " right of the hue " was 
awarded to the Artillery Company without a question on that 
occasion, and the Providence troops were glad to shelter 
themselves behind the sturdy sons of Newport as they march- 
ed up Federal Hill. The same spirit animates the organiza- 
tions of the two cities now as in the days of ' 42. The jeal- 
ousy manifested by the militia of the State towards the Ar- 
tillery Company has never been more apparent than in the 
last few weeks. The Providence Light Infantry, nearly half 
a century ago in the wilds of Chepachet, were only too glad 
of an opportunity to march behind the Newport soldiery. 
Now on a dress parade occasion where the eyes of half the 
nation are to observe them they object to any one but them- 
selves occupying the place of honor. The controversy that 
our neighbors up the river have been carrying on for some 
weeks past over the Newport Artillery Company is unworthy 
the men engaged in it and the sooner it is ended the better 
it will be for the good feehng that should exist between the 
two sections of the State. 

The article will also appear in the next issue of the Narra- 
gansett Historical Register. 

From Newport Daily Oh^tefver, Ajjril 25, 1889. 

Our fellow citizen, Mr. James C. Swan, has prepared and 
will have published in the columns of next Saturday's Mer- 
cury, a very delightful article entitled " The Newport Artil- 
lery Company in 1842; Federal Hill and Chepachet." It 

208 Narragansett IIistokkal Registek 

tells the story of the part the Artillery Company toc^k in tlie 
Dorr War, and every incident presented is from personal 
knowledge, for Mr. Swan was one of tlie niinihor who follow- 
his gallant hrother, the late Col. YV . B. Swan, to nphold the 
State's properly constituted authority and to maintain the 
dignity of the law. The avticle, comes at a singularly aj;- 
propriate time, for the Artillery Company has been very much 
discussed of late, owing to the petty o|)position which sprung 
up Yv'lien it became known that Gov. Taft had determined 
that the ancient and honorable military oi gpjiization should 
attend the Washington Inauguration Centennial. We hope 
every citizen will read the article, foi" it is, historically speak- 
ing, an exceptionally valuable one. 

There cannot be a doubt but what the same spirit of stur- 
dy gallantry which was shown by the members of the Com- 
pany in '42, characterize those individuals who go to make 
up the roster in 'c9. They have never yet been found hu-k- 
ing in their duty. 

It is unclerstood that- Mr. Swan's article will also appear in 
the next number of the Narragansett Historical Register. 


How men d'ljlf'dr who 'inrife of Jlhode Ishnid. 


Tha Dorr War revived by its Ahjerine Adjttfant General. 

The making of history is said to de[)end largely upon the 
Avhims, interests, pnuljiuiiees and passions of those who under- 
take to write it. 

History Makers. 209 

What some historians extol others deeiy, what some con- 
demn others applaud. That history depends largely upon 
personal feelings is demonstrated in the history of Rhode Is- 
land, its traditions, and its political and social institutions. 

If a stranger should seek to become acquainted with the 
vii-tues of the Republican party since its existence- he may 
find in the columns of the Providence Journal all he desires. 
Its columns for a cpiarter of a centuiy and more were full of 
praises for this pirty. Nothing on earth or heaven could 
excel the grandness and goodness of the G. 0. P. If ano- 
ther man should seek to learn something of the vileness of 
tliis same Republican party, the more recent columns of the 
.same paper will afford him material for contempt and con- 
demnation. Perhaps in a few months' time the old praise 
system will be revived, and those to come after us will be 
more puzzk^l still to account for these vagaries of history. 

The Dorr History. 

JJ Three days ago Mr. James N. Ai-nold, Editor of the Nar- 
ragansett Historical Register, called at the Telegram office 
with a copy of his instructive magazine. In it was found 
what purports to be a history of the Dorr War. It is from 
the pen of an aged and highly respected citizen, Elisha Dyer, 
Sr., Adjutant General of the State during the Dorr troubles, 
and father of the present Adjutant General of Rhode Island. 
To read Mr. Dyer's account of the Dorr-Algerine campaign 
(lie might suppose that the people of Rhode Island who diffei"- 
ed politically from Mr. Dyer were a set of cutthroats, robbers 
and villians. 

And yet Mr. Dyer has doubtless written his history as 
honestly as he is capable of writing it, as honestly as anyone 

210 Narragansett Historical Register. 

on the Alo-eriiie side luis written. In liis aceonnt Iw in- 
quently produces extracts of opinion that differ widely from 
the opinions of many of his feUow citizens. One of these 
opinions reads as follows : 

" Nearly all the troops were ordered from Chepachet, and 
arrived with about 130 prisonrers at 5 o'clock. The City 
Guards went out to escort them, and as their arrival was 
generally expected, the windows and doors of the streets 
through which they passed were crowded with spectators, and 
a dense mass assembled in Market Square to welcome the re- 
turn of their oallant fellow citizens. We never remen^ber 
to have seen the streets so crowded. Handkerchiefs waved 
from the windows, cheers ascended from the side-walks, and 
a perfect shower of flowers fell on both sides of the way. 
Nearly every soldier had a bouquet in his hand or stuck in 
the end of his musket, the bridles of the horses were orna- 
mented with them, and the cannons were wreathed around 
from the muzzle to the breech. Nothing could exceed the 
enthusiasm and delight which was manifested on the features 
of the fair faces that smiled from every window. General 
Steadman's Brigade, the third, brought in about thirty pris- 
Dners. ' That brigade mustered about 500. The prisoners 
vvere marched to the State Prison. Colonel Brown, with the 
Marine Artillery and Light Infantry, followed with the other 
prisoners. About one hundred of these prisoners were also 
carried to the State Prison. The spoils, consisting of the 
captured cannons, drums, muskets, pikes and munitions of 
war, were carried along after the companies, and were receiv- 
ed with repeated cheers. Including the escort, the niimbei- 
of men under arms was about 1.300, nnd surely a finer sight 
never gladdened the good old city. The iioiu'st ytomanry 

Hlstoky Makers. 211 

of the State, gallant young men and noble old men, had re- 
turned from the performance of the highest duty of a Re- 
publican citizen, the vindication of the law; they had put 
down a traitorous and murderous conspiracy ; they had proved 
themselves worthy of the blood that fills their veins, and had 
shown that the line of a noble ancestry was destined to suffer 
no disorace at their hands. 

" To them and to their equally gallant associates who were 
dismissed yesterday, or who still remain at their posts are due 
the thanks of the State, and not oidy of the State, but of the 
Union, for had Dorr succeeded, the evil would not have been 
confined to Rhode Island. Every State would have felt the 
shock, and our Republican institutions would have trembled 
beneath the blow. 

" But the crisis has been met triumphantly, and the great 
cause of law and order still rests on its unbroken foundation." 

" What an escape from such murderous wretches !" saj's 
the reader of Mr. Dyer's thrilling historical sketch. 

Ah, but wa't. What do other historians say of this war? 
Another gentleman equally as honest, equally as respectable 
and with equal facilities for recording the facts, as Mr. Dyer 
has given to the people of Rhode Island a history of the Dorr 
war. Heat what he says : 

" The Algerines here commenced tlie course of absurdities 
which afterwards distinguished all their movements. Martial 
law was declared by the Legislature, a body of functionaries ; 
and this is, perhaps, the only instance in which martial law 
was ever known te be declared by the Legislature of any 
State. The students were dismissed from Brown University, 
and the college buildings were appropriated as barracks. 
Armed guards paraded the streets constantly, and, in violation 
of the Constitution of the United States and of all rioht, 

212 Naukagansett Historical Register. 

(M)iinmMic(Ml tlu'ir seiit's of lionse-breakings and insults. Doors 
and windows were burst into by these armed ruffians ; locks 
were broken or forced open ; private apartments were entered 
without leave or notice, and not unf'requentiy half-dressed or 
undressed females wei-e dragged f(nth wilh mockery and in- 
sult. Many of those engaged in commiting these outrages 
held high places in the church. Ministers, deacons and 
church members invaded the houses of their fellow commun- 
icants, and the bonds of Christian union were violently bro. 
ken. Others held commissions and w^ere receiving- salaries 
from the civil departments under the United States, but no 
check withheld any from the prosecution of these wicked de- 
sions. Neighbors trespassed on the social right, Christians 
forgot the privileges of Christians and men the rights of men. 


" It should not be forgotten that these 130 prisoners were 
bound with ropes, eight together, their hands being pinioned 
behind them. There was a continual wrenching one way 
and another from uneasiness and pain as well as from a con- 
stant struggle of each man to avoid the rough places in the 
road and get the best path in the road for himself to walk 
in. The Rhode Island slaves ( so their savage captors sup- 
posed ), lijid been brought under the yoke yeais before ; and 
their necks had been pretty well bound, but they had never 
been broken to harness and they were restive when that har- 
ness galled. If anyone lagged behind for an instant he was 
pricked with the bayonet, or a pistol or a musket was level- 
led at his head or breast. In addition to all this physical 
disc(mif()rt, iumger, thirst, bruised feet and arms, intolerable 
fatigue and ahnost broken hearts, every kind and degree of 
insult and abuse was continually heaped upon them which 

History Makbrb. 213 

evil spirits under the influence of evil spirits could invent, 
insult and abuse such as no man ever offered to man, what- 
ever might be his condition ; for the wretch who can insult 
a fallen foe is a libel on the character and a disgrace to the 
name of man. 

^'' On reaching the city the prisoners were liaHed ; first, op 
posite to the Hoyle Tavern, when a new accession of black- 
guard ruffianism appeared; and a law and order mob, contin- 
ually increasing, escorted the procession through the streets 
with hooting and hissing and all foul and inhuman abuses. 
They were halted again opposite Colonel Brown's residence 
and in various other places, and the lady Algerines waved 
their handkerchiefs and threw flowers to the conquering 
heroes in the greatest profusion from every window and ter- 
race as they passed along, thus acknowledging themselves 
indebted for all of their remaining virtue to the triumphant 
defenders of ' Banks and Beauty ' ~ a band of filthy, drunk- 
en licentiates ! Oh, Modesty ! where was then thy blush ? 
And Truth, and Justice, where were your young defenders ? 

" Led in cruel bonds by wicked men through the city of 
Rooer Williams, and the fair hands of woman of"arlandino- 
their brutal captors. If there was a time to be ashamed of 
Rhode Island — aye ! with the deepest, sincerest shame, that 
was the liour. This conduct of the Algerine woman is hard- 
ly to be excused in any way. Whatever might have been 
their political sentiments, the sight of the prisoners — men, 
their neighbors and friends, and in many cases near relatives, 
driven through the streets, bound with ropes, amid cruel in- 
sults and bitter curses, should have subdued their animosity 
and caused a reactian of feeling; and would have done so if 
every single particle of the true nature of woman had not 
been crushed by a passion so monstrous that it is difficult to 

214 Narragansett Historical Register. 

l)('li!'V(' the feiuMlo breast could luive liaiLored it. Many or' 
these women are said to liave practiced pistol shooting, in 
order, I suppose, to defend their honor against Thomas Dorr 
the wholesale violator; and murderous wishes and expressions 
Avere not unfrequently on their lips. All history proves that 
woman naturally inclines to the side of mercy, and that with- 
out question of whether the sufferer Avas friend or enemy or 
rip-ht or wrono-. The conduct of the female Ali^erines of 
Rhode Island presents a mortifying contras^t to this character 
— a monstrous deformity in the fair proportions of woman. 
" And these men, to the eye of the chronicle, had no 
' sense of their forlorn condition ? ' That is not to he won- 
dered at, for the Rev. Dr. Wayland had just began to discov- 
er traces of " deep feelings," and of course, it would not do 
to go beyond a doctor of divinit}^ 

" At the head of College street another halt was made, and 
orders were given to load with double ball carti-idge, and an 
understanding was conveyed to the men that they were to be 
taken round back of the colleges and SHOT. This capped 
the climax of brutal depravity. Many believed they were 
to be shot, and some boys and young lads could not forbear 
crying aloud in the intense agony occasioned by the idea of 
a cruel and unnatural death. 

" When the tortured nerves had been wrung to tlieir ut- 
most tension, the captives were marched over to the prison, 
so exhausted, so worn out, that any shelter was welconu\ 
They were crowded in together, from twelve to fourteen in a 
cell of 7x9 feet, with an apertuie 7x4 inches, the only 
opening for the admission of air. No tongue can tell, no 
imagination can paint the horrors of that prison. Think of 
it! Fourteen men occupying a space of 7x9 fact in that 
oppressively hot weather, and breathing that putrid air. 


Eleven of the fourteen could just lie down wedged in togeth- 
er, ' heads and points,' as they expressed it, and then the 
remaining three had just, and only room enough to stand in. 
It is very hard to be crowded at all when one is tired ; and 
think of those harassed, faint and jaded men lying in that 
manner on the bare pavement. It is horrible. But the worst 
of all was the perfectly fetid air." 


1. Havens, Who was the wife of Thomas Havens, who 
died 1748 in North Kingstown, and of his father, Thomas 
Havens, who died 1704 in the same town ? When were these 
men born? 

2. Spink. What was the parentage of Abigail, the first 
wife of Nicholas^ Spink of ( Robert^ )? 

3. Woodmansee -- Lillibridge. What was the parent- 
age of Mary Woodmansee who married Thomas^ Lillibridge 
( Thomas^ )" in Westerly, June 12, 1726. 

4. Ha?Mrd, ~ Wilcox. Who was Amy the wife of Rob- 
erf^ Hazard ( Robert," Thomas^ )? Edward^ Wilcox of West- 
erly, ( Stephen," Edward^ ) married a daughter of Robert" 
Hazard ( Thomas^ ) . What was her first name? 

5. BtirdicJi. What was the parentage of Mary, the first 
wife of Benjamin" Burdick ( Robert.^ ) , who died in West- 
erly; 1741 ? 

21(; Narragansett Historical Register. 

6. Jkirker, - Stvares, - BHven. Is there any evidence 
confirmatory of a conjecture that Freeh)ve Swares who mar- 
ried Edward 15Hvcn May 12, 1719, in Westerly, is identical 
with Freeh)ve Barker daughter of Peter Bnrker and his wife 
Freelove Bliss? 

7. Lewis. Who Avere the parents of Mary Lewis who 
married April 5, 17;U, in Westerly, Joseph^ Lewis ( Joseph'^ 
John^, John\ ) ? 

8. Miniro, ■- Taylor. Who were parents of Sarah 
Munro, married Nov. 18, 1742, in Westerly, Job* Taylor 
( John, John, Robert. ) ? 

9. Searle, - Gladdhuj. Who were the parents of Solo- 
mon Searle who married April 18, 1723, in Bristol, R. L, 
Elizabetlr Gladding- ( Willima^ and Mary ) and who died at 
or near Providence, Feb. 17, 1774? 

10. Cook, - Borden. Who were the parents of Hope 
Cook, born 1721, died 1791, who married March 12, 1747 
( probably in Tiverton ) Richard^ Borden ( Thomas,* Richard'^ 
John:'^ Ri'jhard^ and Joan. ) ? 

New Bedford, Mass. Ray Greene Huling. 

A Centennial Ode. Our vein rable clerical friend ( Rev. 
A. R. Bradbury, M. A. ), has handed us an ode under tbc 
above caption which is very interesting reading. Its spirit 
is devout and throughout the entire work there is a deep vein 
of thankfulness for the blessings bestowed by the Divine 
Power upon the first one hundred years history of the Free- 
Avill Baptists in Anierica. 1'he work is end)ellislied wjith a 
portrait of Klder Bradbury, the house at New Durham, N. H. 
where Elder Benjamin Randall organized the first church of 
the order, and the room where the organization was held. 



By Caroline Hazard. 

In the Sunday Journal, of July 21, Aug. 4, and 16, 1889, 
we find the following- poems by Miss. Caroline Hazard. The 
local traditions of a place woven into verse has ever found a 
deep interest with us and hense the excuse of transferring to 
the pages of the Register these poetical gems. The Editor. 


The tide was out at set ossun. 

The black marsh shone with gleams of red ; 
A little island stood alone, 

But smoke curled up, a slender thread, 
Some man lived on this lonely place. 

But bats and owls to see his face. 

A lonely place, half hut, half cave. 

Plastered with mud and built of stone, 
"Just out of reach of high tide wave. 

And there a hermit dwelt alone ; 
Shell fish and herbs supplied his store. 

He bowed beneath his years three score. 

There sat he, withered, bowed and old, 

And shivered o'er his scanty blaze. 
Upon his coat a gleam of gold 

Bespoke its early better days. 
And golden lillies of fair France, 

The old man sat as in a trance. 

17 217 

218 Narragansett Historical Register. 

He saw, and luuiglit else could he see, 

A face, an Indian maiden's face, 
Tliis was the phice, and lie was free. 

And she, the fairest of her race. 
He played a game, she lost her whole. 

He gave a kiss and she -- her soul. 

He wandered lightly through the world 

And fought and laughed through many a fight. 

Where'er the French flag was unfurled 
There would he seek some new delight. 

But still beneath his careless grace 
He saw that Indian maiden's face. 

This was the place, 'twas here, 'twas here. 

Great God, is that a baby's cry ? 
He trembles with a sudden fear. 

He starts and gasps convulsively. 
Then hastens through the night winds harsh. 

And gropes his way down to the marsh. 

The marsh seems firm, the tid^ is out, 
And black and darksonie is the nioht; 

The cry leads on with answering shout, 
He hastens on with all his might. 

If he could succor this jioor chikl 

Perchance his fate will be more mild. 

And on, and on, an endless waste -- 
The night is black - no one to see -- 

Whose child? whose child? in frienzied haste 
He stumbles on, it may not be - 

His youth comes back, and by his side 
There is a face -- his Indian bride. 

Legends of Narragansett. 219 

The tide was out, the night was black, 
The marsh was soft, and on he sped. 

With searching gaze that ne'er h)oked back, 
And knew not that he chased the dead. 

When morning came all trace Wcis gone, 
The little island stood alone. 


There was war with England, desperate news ! 

Alono- the Rhode Island shore 
The great ship Orpheus kept up her cruise 

Looking for prizes of war. 
From Point Judith to Beaver Tail 

And over to Newport and back did she sail, 
No matter what weather or how blew the gale, 

With lookout behind and before. 

Twas a stormy time. A heavy ground swell 

Rolled in and broke on the coast. 
And on the beaches it thundering fell, 

But still she kept to her post. 
And after one thick and foggy night 

Through a rift in the cloud in the dawning light 
There was a quarry, just in sight, 

Faint and white as a ghost. 

There, barely seen, was the Yankee craft 

For which had been guarded the mouth of the Bay; 

And her cargo they knew would furnish a draught 
Of the best that is shipped from the Bay of Biscay; 

But how did it happen, how did she glide 

Past the Orpheus watch? With the fog to hide 

220 Naiiuagansett Historical Register. 

She liad sailed up the Bay on tlie turn of the tide, 

While becalmed the Orpheus lay.- 
She had passed her ! The Captain shouted with rage, 

And gave orders to put to the chase, 
And what good luck did the Yankee engage. 

For there was Newport, right in face, 
Which, could she gain, she was safe and sound. 

Or Bristol has good liarhor ground - 
And the Captain vented his wrath profound 

And righted his ship for the race. 

How she sailed, the gallant little brig. 

She caught each breath of the morning wind 
And forged ahead, while the heavier rig 

Of the Orpheus slowly followed behind. 
And the Captain shouted with might and main 

A health to King George if the prize we gain 
From the best of the wine she doth contain, 

Each man shall choose to his mind. 

Then went up a shout from fore and aft, 

And the Orpheus stood with each rope hauled taut. 
And each eye scanned the little craft 

As the great white sails the fresh breeze caught. 
And the Yankee went staggering on in fright, 

A few moments more, and with safety in sight 
She turned to the left instead of the right. 

Instead of starboard to port. 

What a shout the Orpheus crew did shout ! 

She takes the West Passage, she's ours, they cried, 
Before she makes Bristol, without a doubt 

We shall sail her down, and the prize divide. 

Legends of Narragansett, 221 

And the chase grew hot, and the Orpheus gained, 
Her guns were in order and fully trained, 

She is ours ! they cried, it but remained 
To near her for one broadside. 

Past Little Neck Beach, past Whale Rock on the west, 

With every stitch of her canvass spread, 
Past Dickens's Reef, and sailing her best 

The gallant little Yankee fled. 
But the Englishmen eyed her with satisfied eyes. 

Here is Westquag Beach, the}' computed her size, 
We are giiining fast, and will take the pri2;e 

Off the Bonnet, they said. 

When lo - of all fools, cried the Captain then, 

Look what she is doing ! No tack that last, 
They will run the brig ashore, my men ; 

They are going to beach her ! All aghast 
They watched her plunge through the roaring sea. 

While the waves dashed round her in frantic or"lee^ 
And washed her decks while the spray flew free. 

Till her bows in the sand stuck fast. 

So the brig was saved from the enemy's hand. 

The brave little brig, that was called the Wampoa; 
And most of the cargo was got safe to land, 

Spite of all the great Orpheus could do. 
For she opened fire, and blazed away 

And the Wampoa was burned on the beach, they say. 
But her cargo made merry for many a day, 

While the tale was told anew. 

222 Narragansett Historical Register. 



On the heat of the August sun, 

And the dance of the flies and niidoes, 

When the cattle gather one by one 
To all the sheltered ridges; 

When the fire-flies dance, when falls the night 

And the glow worm sheds its softest light 
About the river bridges. 

Wlien the great wide marsh lies black and bare, 

At the time of low tide water, 
And the rushes shrink in the golden air — 

Not a breath from any quarter -- 
When the swamp mosquitoes sharpen their l)ills. 
And giddily dance round Hanna's Hill 

Prepared for their work of slaughter. 

So they do iu)w. So did they of yore, 

So runs the ancient story, 
A hundred years ago ajid more -- 

The tale with age is hoary - 
Of master and slave, and the slave ran away 
Took with him a l)oat, and for many a day. 

They found neither him, nor his d(n-y. 

Then the master said, and an oath he swore - 
And he said it for all to hear him - 

If the slave comes back, it shall be as before. 
For not an iron shj.Il stcir him. 

Nor sliall he be whipped, nor have extra task; 

If he will come back, it is all that I ask. 
And never a lash shall come near him. 

Legends of Nareagansett. 223 

Then the slave who had kept in hiding so well, 

Heard of the words of his master - 
His food was all gone, it was easy to tell 

He was weakening faster and faster- 
So just at eve in the waning light, 
He came back to his home as fell the night, 

Thinkino- no thonoht of disaster. 

Then the master laughed a laugk of glee - 

It is true I will have no whij^ping; 
We will take him out on the marsh, said he,' 

To cure his love of shipping. 
Out on the marsh, to the little hill. 
Where mcsquitoes dance and sharpen their bill, 

He can have a taste of their nipping, f 

They took him out, and stripped him bare, 

And on the ground thej laid him, 
And left him in tlie warm night air. 

And fast and tight they made him. 
And the air Avas dancing with insect life 
And he Against them all waged an imj>otent strife*, 

And all night long they flayed him. 

Wlien the Sun looked up from out the sea. 

And sent forth golden flushes, 
Silent and still and. calm lay he, 

Nor saw the morning blushes; 
And his master's laughter was turned to dread. 
When he came and found it a place of the dead^ 

Where the marsh flies dance in the rushes. 

They dance and they dance in the August noon. 

And float as light as a feather, 
And all night long hum an insolent tune^ 

224 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Joining in chorus together. 
Men call the place to tliis day Hanna's Hill, 
And there in the maish they are dancing still, 

Through all the summer weather. 

We puhlish the following poem to please our seafaring- 
patrons, and to show that wherever the Yankee Sailor may 
be, the moment danger arises, then he shows those grand 
elements of bravery for which he has ever been celebrated. 
While the poem does not narrate a Rhode Island subject, yet 
the deeds recorded can be appreciated by our sailors and their 
friends. The Editor. 

By the Rev. Henry G. Perry, A. M. 

" It was while we were acting as sails in the rigging that 
the Calliope made her masterly retreat. We saw her heading 
for the open seas and struggling manfully against wind and 
wave As she passed us we gave her three hearty encourag- 
ing cheers, and the answer came back : ' Three cheers for 
the Trenton and the American Fla^.' It was an encouraffinp- 
moment all round, as the English ship was about to gain 
her point and we about to gain ours." 

( Cadet Decker's account of the Samoan hurricane, Apia 
Bay, March 16 and 17, 1889. ) 

Well wouth a centuhy's acclaim, 225 

All haJulvS aloft ! raiio- out the word 


From Trenton's deck, in ApLa's Bay. 
By seething Samoa's shore , that day 
The sore-pressed war ship, beat and scarred, 
Kept battling still to sheer away 
From death npon the reef. 

Her anchors dragged, her fires were quenched. 
The outpoured oil proved useless, too, 
As o'er the raging torrent drew 

The Trenton ~ with her rudder wrenched 
From place — toward fatal rock. New 
Horrors ! Is there no relief ? 

But now the British ship heads on 

For open sea and life -- '' full ste;am ! " 
Staunch Calliope, hail 1 Abeam 

The warship of good Brother John, 
See ! how the English colors stream - 
Defy the blast - aha ! 

All hands aloft ! Uj) from the deck 

Five hundred men mount -- " Man the yards! 

A sail of humiin souls ! God guards 

The brave. It saves the Trenton's wreck; 

The blast upon her tars retards 
The shock ! Hurrah! Hurrah! 

Aye ! Human sails ! Five hundred souls 
From those shorn shroud tops send a shout 

Of Yankee grit to English pluck ! out 
O'er the hurtling deep forth rolls 

A roar of courage clear and stout 
To cheer the Briton heart. 

220 Naiuiagansett IIistohical Recjister. 

And bat'k from Calli()i)e - free 

And ])r()nipt as cannon shot -- comes loud 
The answer, just as clear and proud : 

" Three cheers for tlie Trenton and the 
Auierican flag-! " Three cheers ! Crowd 

Glory on tlie act, Art ! 

0, hearts of oak, and freed(mi's ])a,nd, 
Old Enoland and Columbia tlune -- 
By mad midocean isle -- where 

Nations watched dispnted land, 

Ye did a deed that makes men swear 
The race heroic is not run. 

A cloud of potentates far East, 

A century of Presidents, 

( May no political portents 
Frown on such grand centennial feast ! ) 

Behold us while Omnipotence 
Smiles on our favored West. 

Because today, thank God, we see 

Thronghout our borders plenty, peace, 
And promise of the glad surcease 

For good, of strife oi' rivalry. 

Welcome, one c<'ntnry's increase. 
With every vantage blest. 

That act on Apia's stormy flood. 

In all that cyclone's wrath and 'larm, 
Shows clearly how fraternal, warm 

And trne to self our (ommoii blood! 
It shamed foul fury, hate and harm, 

The two worlds then shook hands; 

A, Rhode Island Settlement. 227 

And sped love's message, fair and sweet. 
O'er wind and wave all men to greet, 
And voice '• o-ood will" tlirouohout all lands. 
Cliicago, 111., April 30, 1889. 


We are kindly permitted to make extracts from a newspa- 
per article in regard to a few facts relating to events more or 
less connected with Rhode Island history. 

The Berkshire Historical Society took an outing and visited 
Stafford's Hill, the settlement from whence sprang Adams 
and Cheshire, Mass. The geJitlemen present, made the fol- 
lowing remarks artribiited to them as per extracts here given. 

The Editor. 

'^ Stafford's Hill, was the original settlement from which 
'o'rew Adams and Cheshire. Stafford's Hill was, once a flour- 
ishing village with two prosperous churches, a number of well 
patronized stores, and a good-sized population. To-day all 
that remains is the ancient weed-grown grave-yard, and one 
dilapidated house, and Stafford's Hill is the only completely 
deserted village in Massachusetts, 

" One of the most interesting things in the cemetery is a 
row of three graves, those of a wife and her two husbands. 
On the centre tombstone are these words, " Freelove, daui>h- 
ter of Joseph Brown, successive consort of William Jenks 
and David Gushing, physicians of Cheshire who here rest from 
their labors." Here also are buried Rev. John Worden, who 
for 38 years was pastor of the Baptist church, Jacob Stafford, 

228 Nahkagansett Hibtohical Register. 

Major Samuel Low, and Steplu'ii Cavi'eiiter, all the latter 
taking- part in the battle of Bennington. 

" Rev. A. B. Whipple of Pittsfield read a sketch of the 
life of Rev. Mr. Wordcn, which was from the sermon preach- 
ed at his funereal. Twelve persons who had been among his 
parishioners at Providence, R. L, formed the church over 
which he presided. They went to Stafford's Hill in 1767, 
and settled on a piece of land boiightby Gov. Nicholas Cooke 
of Rhode Island and Joseph Bennett ol: Providence. The 
place was called New Providence, and in 1774 the old Bap- 
tist church was built. The town had iihont a dozen dwellings 
and its industries were a tannery, comb factory, grist and saw 
mill, and fulling uiill, and the cause of its final decay was 
the removal of the industries to Adams and Cheshire where 
better water privileges could be obtained. 

"Shubael Lincoln, 70, ^aid the old church built in 1774, 
was moved in 1820, to what was called the " ministerial lot," 
and converted iuto a house. The new^ church had been built 
on the Hill in 1817, when the old building was given up. 

" John Wells and John Brown said the day when the 
church was moved was a beautiful one, and nearly all the 
persons in the vicinity assend)led to witness the novel sight. 
The church was drawn slowly up the hill by 100 yoke of oxen 
and safely deposited where it iu)w stands. Mr. W^ells who 
attended school under Elder Bliss with Elias Whijjple, father 
of Rev. A. B. Whipple and a classmate, told of attending- 
church when a boy, and said he still has a piece of one of the 
chains used in moving the edifice. Capt. Brown said that 
his father, who was a blacksmith, mended the chains gratis, 
j.nd in speaking of the moving Mr. Brown remarked; " All 
the town was there, and a barrel of rum, and a good time 
; n 1 no accident." 

A Rhode Island Settlement. 229 

" Dr. J. Lelaiid Miller of Sheffield gave an account of 
Stafford's Hill as the great emporium of trade. His mother, 
when 15, came on horseback from Clarksburg, to purchase 
her " come out dress," consisting of four yards of calico at 
75 cents a yard, and in this dress she attended a ball in the 
house now occupied by J. M. Waterman of Williamstown. 

" Rev. Dr. Annable of Adams, a great grand-son of Col. 
Low, next gave some reminisences of the Colonel, who came 
here in 1776, and was active in all the Revolutionary war. 
In the beginning of the war he held slaves, aud then declared 
them free. He then gave some examples of the old records 
and deeds of the old church, 

" Judge Barker, descendant of a Staffoi-d Plill family, spoke 
of the joys of a return to beautiful Berkshire after long ab- 
sence. He briefly traced the history of the founding of the 
old village, now deserted, and paid a high tribute to tlie men 
who bravely went there from their Rhode Island home to 
make for themselves a new dwelling place. 

" Nearly all present then went to the top of the hill where 
the old cellars with their few mouldering timbers are about 
all that is left of the once flourishino- village. " 

It was our intention to have commenced in tbis number 
the Baptisms of St. Paul's church Nai'i agansett, but liavin«- 
commenced in our last number the South Kingstown Friend's 
Record we have thought it best to finish that first which we 
have done in the present number of the Register. We have 
done this in order that we might have room in our July num- 
l)er for a liberal installment of this invaluable record. Our 
Narragansett patrons will feel no disappointment in this mat- 
ter, for they will find an ample space given to their section 
of the State in the present number of the Register. 

2^0 Nauragansett Historical Register. 

Picfurrsqne JVarraf/d/iseff. 
Mossi'S J. A. & R. A. Reed's edition of this delightful 
guide book of 1889 is a beautiful one, the entire work hav- 
ing- been rewrittmi and much new and valuable matter added 
and profusel}' illustrated. It is well worth the price asked 
for it 25 cents. In one feature the Messrs Reed display an 
excellent judgement in our opinion, and that is in the selec- 
tion of paper. " No paper is too good for one of their books " 
seems to be their motto, and certainly since they have been 
in the })ublishing business there has been no house in the 
State that has produced better work. This is saying con- 
siderable when we have in mind the fact that our State can 
boast of several superior printing establishments. 

A Big Cargo of Salt. The British Bark Lottie Stewart 
brought to Pr<;vidence July 20, 1889, for Ryder Bro's, the 
largest caigo of salt that has yet been brought to this port. 
The manifest calls for 30.000 bushels, but if it has not shrunk 
by leakage will probably over-run near a 1,000 bushels. The 
cargo will weigh about 1,050 tons. 

It is said that man is never satisfied with his lot, therefore, 
the Editor of the Register being human and subject to the 
})leasures and }>ains of life, must plead guilty to this charge. 
He feels that the Register is doing a good work, an invalua- 
ble work, and a work that should find a more responsive 
feeling then it has as yet been its 'ot to find. He feels that 
lie has a good cause and a cause that should ])e sustained, and 
whde he feels and knows he has th(^ energy and push to keep 
his ])ublication alive, yet his poverty or want of means has 
sadly crippled him in his work so far. Our patrons are, 
n>.any of them wealthy men, interested deeply in our work 

Editorial Notes. 231 

and wish it (lone, but have not the time to do it, and they 
the means. If these two coiikl be nnited, tlien a more suc- 
cessful result could at once be brought about. There are 
scores of ministers in our State that are enjoying a thousand 
dollars a yetir and more. Were the Register so placed that 
it could have this increase of capitcl, onr patrons would soon 
be surprised at the change that would be wrought. Cannot 
we persuade our wealthy patrons to try this experiment on 
the Register and witness the result. They would soon be 
convinced that the Register was doing a work that any man 
ought to feel a pride as well as a pleasure to both patronize 
and encourage. 

In the matter of our Vital Records which we are now con- 
templating publishing in separate and distinct volumes and 
which will when })ublished give book and page for every Birth, 
Mari'iage, Death, Inventory, or Will presented; we have 
thought it best to publish each town distinct by itself. In 
this way we can hope to secure a local aid in towns that are 
more or less alive to their own interests than others, that we 
would not be able to obtain otherwise. Unless we can obtain 
State and Town aid, one or both, by way of a liberal sub- 
scription, then we must allow the work to remain as it is foi- 
the present. We shall speak more decidedly of this matter 
in our next nmnber. 

The next nund^er of the Register will be ready in about 
two months or as soon as means will allow us to set the type 
and print its pages. It will be fully as interesting a number 
as the present one. Now that the volume is half printed, 
our patrons need not hesitate about sending us the subscrip- 
tion, as the rest of the volume will surely be forthcoming if 
life holds out a.ul no great calamity intervenes to prevent it. 

232 Nauragansett Historical Register. 

The Editor would call es[)t'(ial attcnticm to the contents of 
this iminber of 144 pages. This number is something like 
what we would have every one, and which can he had, if our 
patronage would hut warrant it. In this connection he would 
earnestly entreat his patrons to send us our dues as soon as 
they can make it convenient so to do, as we are in urgent 
need of it in order to meet the running expenses of the en- 
terprise. We do not see why onr patrons cannot do a little 
better by us than they have been in the way of doing, in or- 
der that the Register may get upon its feet in good shape. 

It is hard to be ol)ligued to work upon the Register as we 
do and then not to realize a more responsive encouragement. 
At this time, now, that we are in so urgent need of our dues 
will not our patrons help us to them, and wdll they not inter- 
est themselves (nough to prccuie new patrons. If each old 
patron would but procure a new one, then soon the Register 
would be in better shape than it is at present. 

A great to the success of the Register is the 
want of means to bring it u[) to the standard that its Editor 
wishes. Had he the m^ans in proportion to his will, then 
the Register would be excelled by no otlier like publication 
in the country. Without capitol and with a very lin)ited 
number of subscribers it has ever been a dreary outlook in 
the matter of publishing. Added to this is a foolish jeah)usy 
of a few miserable cranks, of whom it would be an insult to 
consider either scholars or gentlemen in any sense of the word 
and who have in their own narrow^ and contemptable way, 
have done the Register all the harm that lay in their power. 

The Register has been favored on the other hand, by a 
few nol)le fri(uids who have come generously to our assistance 
and to them is due the fact that the Register is still alive. 
Thus it ever is, lights and shadows across the pathway of 
life. The Editor often thinks that he has nu)re of these 
shadows than belongs to him properly as his share. 


A Jlisiorlcal Mafjazhw for the PeojoJe. 


PUBLISHERS.- ' ' I $2 jfj^r annum ] editor. 

Vol. VIT, Providence, R. I., July, 1889. No. 3. 




By Noah J. Arnold. 


P^!^ HE former paper which T prepared for the Register 
U'-f\ rehited principally to the business and business men in 
C^'^^ this valley. 

We now propose to write of the churches, the religious 
and mora] influences exerted therein, the smaller business men 
and the luling- traits of character of its citizens g'eneraily. 

Thei-e is a melancholy pleasure in reviewing- tiie past, in 
looking- ovei- the days of oui- youth so many years after they 
have passed away, for by so doing we seem to live over a^-ain 
our early days and associate with onr fathers, mothers, bro- 
thers, sisters, our old friends and acquaintances once more. 


2'M Narragansett Historical Register. 

Rhoile Lslaiul has four rivers, none of tliem can l)e called 
a large river, vet for tins little State, they Jtre considerable 
streams and tliey drain it almost entirely of its fresh water. 
These four valleys ( omprlse about all the business portion of 
the State. They are the Blackstone, Woonasquatucket, Paw- 
tuxet and Pawcatuck. None of these are more beautiful or 
important than that of the Pa^vtuxet. 

Two-thirds of the water that waters the town of Foster, 
juns into the Pawtuxet. This town, therefore, must be in- 
cluded ill the valley of that beautiful and useful stream. The 
small village of Mount Vernon is located in the southern 
part of the town where the " Mount Veinon Bank" was first 
located, of which Hon^ Obadiah Fenner was President. He 
had four sons and two daughters. The eldest daughter was 
the first wife of Hon. donah Titus. His voun2;est daughter 
Miss. Alee Ann Fennev, was a rare flower, but early went 
into a decline and died Feburary 12, 1826, aged 20 years, 6 
months, and 21 days. Had she lived, would have married 
Mr. Charles Morse, Jr., of Washington village. Hon. Obe- 
diah Fenner was first cousin of Hon. James Fenner, who was 
Governor of the State eleven yeais under the Old Charter 
Government and two years under our present Constitution. 
Hon. Obediah Fenner was born June 29, 1764, in Glocestei . 
but moved to Foster iu 1790, where he lived to be 95 1 2 
years old retaining his faculties to the last. He voted foi- 
President, for Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Munroe, 
Jackson, Van Buren, Polk, Pierce and Buchanan. He left 
three sons, one son and both daughters having died before 
him. Mr. Harding H. Fenner, who died a few weeks since, 
was a son of John and grand-son of Hon. Obediah. Mr. 
Henry Fenner who noAv resides in Cranston, is anothei- grand 
son and is the son of James Fenner. 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 235 

Tliere is a Ciiristian Baptist Church at what is called 
** Rice City," in the westerly part of Coventry, with a set- 
tled pastor, which h'as existed there for moie than seventy- 
iive years. The meeting house is small, but large enough to 
accommodate the church and congregation. They have a 
church at Hemlock, and one iu South Foster. The Free 
Baptists have three small churches in Foster. One in North 
Foster, the Morning Star Church: the Union Church and 
a Union church at Hopkins mills, composed of several denom- 
inations; all it is presumed, are doing a good w-ork. There 
is a small village in the western part of the town of Scituate, 
called " Clayville," built by Gen. Josiah Whitaker, about 
the year 1830 or 1831 and was named in honor of the great 
Henry Clay of Kentucky. It was built for a comb factory, 
but no combs have been made tliere for several years. The 
factories have been changed into cotton factories for spinning- 
cotton yarn. There are about forty dwelling houses, two 
country stores for the sale of groceries and dry goods, and 
200 inhabitants in the village, also a Christian Baptist church 
of which the Rev. Mr. Luther is pastor. 

Bow en's Hill in Coventry is enclosed by the waters of this 
beautiful stream. This has been known as a oood farming 
section from the earliest settlement of the state. When Gen. 
Washington marched the American Army from Boston to 
New York in 1776, one division of it marched over Bowen's 
Hill and encamped tiiere one night. Washington himself 
commanded this division. Mr. Asaph Bowen told me that 
Washington made his head-quarters at his uncle's tavern. 
Mr. Bowen was then a young man near eighteen years of 
age, and said he had an excellent opportunity to see Wash- 
ington. A class of well to do farmers have lived here from the 



o c f..+l,pv^ LoanniT the names of 

earliest settle.uentoou. ^; f ^ ;J ^ :„^,, &e. Tl>e 

,,te TuUy I'-owen .a. a of ''- J^^^^. j",^^^ Of tl,e 
,.,„cc. quite a brilliant young man ^as lea.ed 

. I tl„.v exiellcd in butter and I'beese. 
,,roauetu,ns tbeyex.UK 1 li„e of Foster, but 

Not far from ' ^ 'f '""-^.X^ ' ,„ .. Great Chestnut," 
i„ Coventry stood «hat - •';- ^j ^.,,„„,,,. Known 

one of the land-marks n, that scct.on (;„„„,,tiout. 

1 • il... l.oider towns, even into eastern v,ouii. 
as such in llie boidei io> , ^^.^^ ^^^ 

1 1 1 tiwi laiopst tree ot any kuui v.>»^i ►, 


'til'swl Meeting House was .."»*- f "a ^-jm.1. 
U ;ood in the forhs of the road, one ^^^^"^^^f^^ 
and Washinoto,, villages on to Bowen s Hdl, and f n • e 
Lpiai„field:Conneeticnt,aud the other to ^vh. 
.,w called ■• Coventry Centre," and about one an . ha 
ilesfrou,it. This was a Baptist House and vas 
tVd 1758 or <.. It was the principal house for pubhc 
: 1 p for several nules around. Elder Wo,den had c 
use .uiltand was its first pastor. -'^ -'"*■"»"'"':„ 
„.,til be was an old man. Rev. Charles Stone ^'^^ ^^^_ 
to be pastor of this ehurch in 1798 and was J.ast.u for io tv 
i. vei s. He never received a salary, but labored as oth,. 
.n fo, his support. He never had anything hut a cou,m,.n 
;;;::■.,, ..,<„., 'i,ueation. But was quite an eloquent preaob- 
,,, ahvavs sound iu evangelual doctrines, and was an n.stui- 
nu-ut in'thc hands of the Lord of doing much good. 

After b,s death ( which occurred in 1844 ) there wa.s no 
ettled pastor here, the bouse was neglected and the members 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 237 

scattered. The house vent to decay, and was finalJj taken 
down, and the materials carried away. There is now no 
huihling- on the orouud, and there has been no church there 
for these iifty years, but it was once a noted place, and a 
land-mark for that section of the State. 

Rev. Mr. Stone died as he had lived, an humble follower 
of Christ. 

It wjLs in the town of Coventry that two of the celebrated 
regicides of Cliarles I., took up their permanent abode, after 
h'ving- in various places in New England. They were two of 
Oliver Cromwell's abiiest generals in the revolution in Eng- 
iand, which dethroned and then beheaded Charles I., King 
of England. Theii- names were Goffe and Whalley, and 
were reputed to be the best swordsmen in Europe. They 
were members of the Court that tried the king- and voted the 
sentence of death upon him. Aftei- the restoration of Charles 
ll., all those who were alive that were members of that Court 
had to flee from England to such places of refuge as they 
could find, or they would have been put to death, Goffe 
and Wluiliey crme to this countiy, and kept secreted as well 
as they could. Sonie anecdotes are related of them while 
they were thus secreted. 

One of these is, that when the town of Hadley in Massa- 
chusetts was attacked by the Indians during- King- Philip's 
war, that the attack was made on Sunday when the people 
were at church. They always went to church fully armed to 
be ready to defend themselves, in case the Indians should 
attack them, and if the Indians attacked, the men would seize 
their arms and a fierce battle commence. In this instance 
the Indians seemed to be getting the best of it, but all on a 
fiiidden a stranger appeared among them, took the command 


Naubaoansew H1ST0B.CAI. Eecusteb. 

,1 1 ■ 1.,■,^>-lV luul superior miUiag'TOU'iit 
«,.,., drove o«,l,e Cubans . ^^ ^ ^^ ^^^5 ^,^^,^^ -r,, 

„f On. neighbors tl-«^- ^^ ,^ ^,,,^^,, ,.,,der bis arm 


,vas tea.b,..S tb art .^ u ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^,^^^ ,^^^ 


„, it but Nvith all bis sk.U be could M.t tou.b tbe tmker. 
P, ;!a tbe tiuUer caugbt tbe leucir.g master's s«or ,,. br 
„,.eese .ul blaeked one of b,s cbeeUs « ,tb be e,^ o b. « b 
stick aud the laugb turue.l on bun instead o tbe tu.k.. 
He sw t and sre« mad and exerted himself to the utmost to 
"rie tbe tinker. The next moment the tn> e- Idack 
tbe other cheek ! The fencing master .as no« n , J ru 
threatened to kill bim, but tbe t.nker saul coo y don t y^on 
,ttem„t that, for if vou do. you are tbe dead man. Ihe 
: n,ast r sword dro,,,cd. and be said; '• Yon are e.tber 
3 fle:Whalley, or tbe Devd. for there are no others ■„ tl. 
;vorld that can fence me.'' and he ^vas r.gbt, for ,t ,»as 
, of these men, ,n tbe of a tinker that stood be- 

"ore him- 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 239 

Their desceiulHiits are still living- in Coventry, The des- 
cendants of Whalley spell their name WhaJey, and those oi 
Gotfe Gojf'. Sixty years ago, Jonathan Whaley was tlie 
largest land owner in Coventry and one of the wealthest men 
owning- several hundred acres of land. * 

The Maple Root Church was a branch of the Old Warwick 
Church, and was set off in 1744, but it does not appear to 
be fully organized until Oct 14, 1762, with 26 members. In 
1763, they chose Timothy Greene for pastor and William 
King deacon, both ordained Sept. 1, 1763. Elder Greene 
removed to the west in 1770 and died about 1780. Elder 
Reuben Hopkins of the Scituate Church then served as their 
pavStor. Thomas Whaley was ordained deacon June 25, 1776. 
Thomas Mancliester, b<.rn 1750, was ordained pastor Sept- 
12, 1782. He remained such for more than fifty years. The 
church, at the time of his ordination had about 75 members. 
He was a man of great influence in the Six Principle Bap- 
tist Denomination, and in his old age was looked up to as the 
leader and father of the denomination. He died on the 7th. 
of September, 1834, in his 85th. year; at his son-in-law's 
house, Mr. Lawton Johnson, who then resided in the Anthony 
villaoe, Coventry. 

* [ The Editor of the Register would be much pleased to 
have his readers or any one else wlio has the information, to 
have them inform him, upon what authority the statement 
above made, that both Goffe and Whalley made Coventry 
their permanent abiding place is based. If it rests even upon 
tradition only, as he suspects, to please state the sources of 
that tradition. Any further infoimation upon this, to him, 
deeply interesting subject will be most thankfully received. ] 

240 Naiira(jansett Histokical Register. 

Kldcr Pardon Tilliughast officiated at his fuiicral, aiid 
jaeaclied qiiito a leiigtliy sermon. His kSou, Elder Thomas 
'rillinohast, made some lengtlieued remarks on the life and 
h)ii<j; iniuisterial labors of Elder Manehester, and how firm 
he \v;is on his deatii bed in the faith of the Six Principle Bap- 
tist doctrine which he had preached so faithfully for more 
tliaii lifty years. 

Elder Pardon Tillinghast succeeded Elder Manchester, as 
pastor of the Maple Root Church, which at the time of Elder 
Manchester's death, had over six hundred members. Elder 
Pardon Tillinghast was probably over sixty years old when 
Elder Manchester died, and had been up to that time more 
than thirty years in the ministry, and a more faithful man 
nevei- lived. Although possessed with nothing but a com- 
mon district school education, he was an eloquent preacher 
and a good Bible student. All that knew him had great 
confidence in the man, and he never, in a long life of eighty 
yeais did a thing to impair that confidence. 

" Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright, for the 
end of that man is peace." 

The Maple Root Meeting Bouse is a small two story 
building with a gallery The Six Principle Baptists have 
many tinu-s held their Yefiily Genc-ral Meeting at this place. 
Crowds of fr(mi three to six thousand people, have been pre- 
sent on sncli occasions. 

Elder William C. Manchester was the son of Elder Thonuis, 
of whom we have just been sj)eaking-, and was the first pastor 
of the li(.g(M- Williams (Church which was first built on Pur- 
ges street in this city, but was destroyed by fire about the 
year 1844. Ehlcr Manchester was the aoiest and most elo- 
(puoit pr.'acher in the order. Mr, Willianj Ohipy, i.ow living 
at 180 Iligli sti-eet, married his daughter for his first wife, 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 241 

and has a haiKlsome portrait of him which is an exceUeiit 

It represents him preaching in his pulpit. 

While he was pastor of this church, he compiled a confer- 
ence Hymn Book which will compare favorably, for the ex- 
cellency of its hymns, with any that have since been published. 

Periiaps it is necessary to state here what made a division 
in the Baptist Churches, in this State, and why a small divis- 
ion of them were, and are still called ^'Six Principle Baptist." 
The Baptist Churches in Rhode Island, and everywhere else, 
were once what might be termed Six Principle. The doctrine 
of laying on of hands, on the reception of new members, had 
been held in a ratlier loose manner by the First Baptist 
Church Providence, previous to the year 1791, and some were 
so admitted afterwards. 

The city churches and many in the country towns in a few 
years from this period, entirely abandoned the practice. Some 
of the country churches however, continued the practice and 
refused to commune with the churches that had abandoned 
it. 'Therefore, those churches that still adhered to the prac- 
tice of laying on of hands, were called '• Six Principle Bap- 
tist." These Six Principles are taken from the sixth chapter 
of Hebrews, the three first verses, as follows : 

'• 1. Therefore, leaving tlie principles of the doctrine of 
Christ, let us go on to perfection ; not laying again the foun- 
dation of repentence from dead works, and of faith towards 
Ood, 2. Of the doctrine of-baptisms, and of laying on 

of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and eternal judg- 
ment. 3, And this will we do, if God permit." 

In sho]t these doctrines are : 

Repentence, Faith, Baptisms, Laying on of hands 
Resurrection of the dead, Eternal iudgment. 

^ %} o 

242 Nauragansett Histokical Register. 

Tills passage of Scripture shoAVS, tliat these doctrines were 
believed and practiced by the Apostles and Early Christians, 
and that there should he no controversy respecting; them, hut 
the church should practice them all and strive to go on to 

The Warwick and Coventry Baptist Meeting House, was 
built in what is now called Quidnic village in 1808. It was 
named " Tin Top " from the tower or steeple being covered 
Avith tin. This steeple or tower Avas blown doAvn in the great 
Septendjer gale of 1815. 

" Probably no building ever erected in Kent County, Avith 
the exception of the great Anthony factory, ever awakened 
so much interest as this. People living miles aAvay, Avith 
curiosity excited, came and vieAved it Avlth wonderiug delight. 
Boys from the neighboring villages jan away from school 
attacted by its glitteing toAver. Laige congregations gathered 
for Avorship Avithin its walls and the church, Avith grateful 
])ride vieAved the result of their toils and sacrifices." [ Fuller] 

It appears that Elder David Curtis Avas one of the first pas- 
tors of the Warwick and Coventiy Ba})tist church, after it 
Avas moved to the Tin Top Meeting House, but other minis- 
teis used occasionally to preach in the house. Dr. Stephen 
Gano, the eminent pastor of the Fiist Bajstist Church of this 
city, Asa Messer, President of BroAvn University, Rev. David 
Benedict of PaAvtucket, Rev. J. Pitman and others; occasion- 
ally preached there. On the 10th. of September 1810, this 
church joined the Warren Association. Rev. Levi Walker, 
M. D., folloAved Mr. Curtis as }>astor in 1817, and remained 
such 'until 1811). The third pastor was Rev. Jonathan Wil- 
son, who received a call from the church to the pastorate 
Aprd o, lS2*i, Avhich he accepted and united Avith the church 
June 8, folloAving, and remained pastor until Feb. 11), 1830. 

The Pawtt^^xet Valley. 243 

He was a minister with a very limited education, but was a 
ready, easy, and quite an effective speaker, sometimes pathet- 
ic and eloquent. On one occasion ( when I was a boy twelve 
or fourteen years old ) , I remember of his relating this cir- 
cumstance connected with his early ministry. Several years 
previous to his settlement in Coventry, when he was traveling- 
preacher in the State of New York, he stopped one day to 
water his horse in a brook which run across the road. While 
his horse was drinking, a dead fish came floating down stream. 
*^ That," thought he; '' is a perfect emblem of the poor sinnei-. 
This poor nsh is dead. If nothing stops it, will continue to 
float down stream until it reaches the ocean. Just so is the 
poor sinner, dead in trespasses and sitis, floating down the 
stream of time to the great ^)cean of eternity." 

ft was a common thing for him to illustrate his text by 
some anecdote which had attracted his attention. Durins; 
his pastorate of this church, a great revival broke out which 
continued for over a year. During this revival a large num- 
ber were added to this church from Crompton, Centrciville, 
Anthony, Quidnic. and the surrounding country. There were 
added to this church more than forty by ba{>tism during thig 
revival, and pro])ably fifty or sixty more joined the neighbor- 
ing churches. During the five and a half years of his minis- 
try fifty-six new members were added to the cliurch of var- 
ious ages. Among these, were Joseph, Asahel, Robert and' 
Ahuon Bennett, and their two sisters, Sally Ann and Mary 
E. Bennett; six in one family. Joseph and Almon Bennett 
were chosen deacons, some years after, of the Friendship St. 
Baptist Church, Providence. The latter is a deacon in that 
church now, but his brother Joseph died a few years since, 
over eighty years of age, firm in the triumphs of a ChrLstian 
faith. It was during this revival at the Tin Top Baptist 
church that people came from quite a distance to hear Josej)h 

244 Nakeagansktt IIistoiucal Register. 

and Asahcl Bennett speak. Tliey were full of zeal and often 
eloquent in tlieir appeals to tlie unconverted, and both com- 
manded oieat attention. Miss. Marcelia Bowen, a younp' 
girl only fourteen or fifteen years of age, modest and unas- 
sumino-, ex])erieneed religion, AvoiJd then rise in the 2)resence 
of six to eight hundred aiul speak with an ease and iiuency 
that astonished every one. So much so, that many thought 
she must have been inspired. Mr. Sanford Durfee was a 
member of the church at this time, and he told me a few 
years before he died, that he thought that this Miss. Marcelia 
Bowen must have been in.spired. Mr. Durfee was a member 
of the First Baptist Church of this city for a number of years 
and died as such, some dozen years ago. 

The fourth pastor of the ch\irch was the Rev. Arthur A. 
Ross, who united with the church July 4, 1830, and closed 
his lal)ors with it in Decend)er 1834. The parsonage Avas 
built in the village of Centreville in 1832, by John Allen and 
given by him to the^church. During the pastorate of Elder 
Ross, the church was greatly revived and when he left it 
there was some three hundred and fifty members, one of the 
largest churches in the rural part of Rhode Island. There 
were added to it in the f< ur and a half years he was pastor 
208 members. It was in a revived state during his entire 
administration, one of the most glorious revivals ever witnessed 
in tliat region ociumd dining tlsat period. Some of the 
ablest and most substantial business men in the nei<ihborin<i- 
villages came out in religion and took a stand for Christ. 
Elder Ross was an eloquent })reacher and thoroughly believed 
wdiat he preached, as was often attested by tears as he spoke 
of the sufferings of Christ for the sins of mankind. On one 
of these occasions, while p{)rtraying his sufferings for our 
sins, he said, while tears were rolling down his cheeks, " 1 
want no prouder epitaph on my giave-stones when I am dead 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 245 

and gone, fcliait that I lived and died an humble foUower of 
this Jesus." 

On another occasion when speaking of those sitting nnder 
tlie preaching of the gospel for years without being converted 
he exclaimed, " The same sun which melts the wax hardens 
the clay." 

There was no revival while this church continued, to wor- 
ship in the Tin Top Meeting house, after Elder Ross left. 
The new meeting house was built near Crompton in 1843. 
Tliis house was given by Mr. John Allen to the church when 
the church was removed there. This church had 845 names 
on its books up to 1875. Probably by this time 1000 have 
been connected with it since its oroanization. A largfs num- 
ber of its members resided in Crompton. Among them was 
Dea. James Tilley, and evening meetings were often held 
tliere to acommodate these members, but there was no room 
large enough to accommodate the whole, and the Crompton 
Company fitted up the upper room in their store building to 
liold meetings in and sabbath schools, previous to the erection 
of the new meeting house. During the pastorates of the 
Kevs. Jonatlian Wilson, and Arthur A. Ross, James Tilley 
iind Palmer Tanner were the officiating deacons of the church. 
They were considered very pious and able deacons. Deacon 
Tanner reared a large family of children, the two oldest are 
still living; Abel and Jeremiah Tanner. The former is in his 
84th. and the latter in his 83d. year; both smart for men of 
their age. Mr. Jeremiah Tanner is a resident of this city, 
but Mr. Abel Tanner resides at Mystic -River Connecticut. 
He has a son residing in this city, and is a cigar manufacturer 
at No. 403 High St. Mr. Abel Tanner was a gifted natural 
speaker, and took a prominent rank among the early abolition 
lecturers in the history of the '° Anti Slavery " excitement, 

2-iG Nahragansett Hibiokical Register. 

iind was mucb tliought of by the '' Anti Slavery Societies." 
He was ail intimate friend of Wendell Phillips. 

There are now four lueeting houses in the village of Cromp- 
ton, viz., the Regular Baptist, the Six Principle Baptist, the 
Episcopal and the Roman Catholic. All of them are toler- 
ably well sustained. 

The Six Prineiple Baptist Church was formed April 23, 
1842, with 1)8 inembeis. They erected a meeting house and 
dedicated it Se})t. 7, 1844 as a bianch of the Maple Root 

St. Philips Episcopal Church was formed May 27, 1845, 
with Rev. J. Mulchahey as p^astor. The church has been fair- 
ly prosperous. 

[ See Rev. 0. P. Fuller's History of Warwick for fur- 
ther infornuition on this subject. ] 

The Crompton stone factory was built in 1807, by Seth 
Wheaton, Henry Smith, Nathaniel Searle, Jonathan Tiffany, 
Benjamin Remington, Thomas Sessions and John Pitman. 
Sullivan Don-, the father of Thomas W. Dorr, bought Mr. 
Wheaton's shares. Roger Alexander, bought two shares of 
the stock. This property changed owners oftener than other 
mills in the State. The mills were rented Nov. 29, 1820, to 
Messrs Rhodes of Pawtuxet, Elisha P. Smith and Tully Dor- 
rence, of Provideiu'c. Tlien Scth Wheaton, Gen. Edward 
Carrington and Benjjimin Cozzens took possession of it in 
1823. It noAV took the name of the " Crompton Company," 
in honor of tlu^ celebrated machinist of that name. Previous 
to this tinje, it had borne the namf» of the '' Stone Factory." 
It was often called the '^ Stoix^ dug." Cotton mill No. 2, 
ivas built in 1828 and No. ,3, in 1832. 

The Com]>finy went into the calico printing business and 
none year frcm. July 1, 1844, the Print Works cleared 

The Pawtuxet Vallea. 247 

^100,000. In 1846, there Avas a '* iinaiicial crash and Lreak 
down," the whole concern was sokl by the morgagee, and 
another neAv order of things commenced. The whole of this 
great estate fell into the hands of Ex. Gov. Charles Jackson, 
EfirhP. Mason, Daniel Bnsh, and William T. Dorrence of 
Providence. The Print Works were leased to Abbott and 
Saunders in 1852, and afterwards to Saunders alone who con- 
tinued to run the works a number of years. 

A fine school-house foi the times was erected here in the 
years 1867, 8. 

Dr. William A. Hubbard, a prominent and able physician 
in this village died March 1, 1857. He had an extensive 
practice and gained the confidence of the public. 

Capt. John Holclen kept a variety store here for many 
years and was a leading citizen. He was the father of Tho- 
mas R. Holden and grand-father of Dea. Robert HoVien, of 
the Cranston St. Baptist Church, the able and efficient sup- 
erintendent of the largest Protestant Sabbath school in the 

Dea. Pardon Spencer was a prominent man in this villaoe 
for some'; fifty years and an active deacon in the church. 

Samuel Bennett kept the toll-gate on the Providence and 
New London Turn-pike for 23 years. He had four sons and 
two daughters, and e very-one was a member of the Warwick 
and Coventry Baptist Church worshipping in the Tin Top 
Baptist Meeting^house. 

Preserved Briggs, a good mechanic and musician, resided 
here many years. 

Jonathan TiHany, an uncle of James Tiffany of this city, 
resided in this village for more than fifty years. He was a 
gentleman of integrity and an influential -man. 

24:8 Nauiiagaj^sett Historkal Rp:gister. 

Fnni) the veai- 1800 to ISId, Coiinctticiit Massachusetts, 
and especially Rhode Island people nm tr'iUI ahout building- 
small Cotton Factories. Farmers that had a small hrook 
runnino- throiii>h their farms, especially if it. had much fall, 
felt as thoug-h they must erect a small factoi-y on it, go to 
spinning cotton yam, and '' get rich." 

A factor} of this class was erected on a small stream that 
enjpties into the South-west Branch of the PaAvtuxet, in the 
southerly part of Crompton village in 1816. It was called 
the "■ Flat-top P'actory," owing to its having a flat roof, lliis 
fa?tory had hut little water, especially in a dry time, hut it 
had a fall of over tliirty feet. This stream was made by the 
union of two snjall brooks, one rising- jd the south-westerly 
part of t! e t3\vn of Warwick, the other three quarters of a 
mile east of it, uniting near the Flat-top pond. They form 
the small stre; m that drives the machinery in that factorv. 
The Avhole lenoih of the stream is not muth over one and a 
half miles from its source to its nu)uth. This factory has 
changed owners of' en. It was built by Jonathan Tiffany. 
A few years after was bought by Oliver Johnson, wlu) soon 
took for a partner J ol n Wood. They put in power looms, 
run it a few years and } ros^»ered. John Higgins and others 
then bought and run it. After them Joseph Janus and John 
Card ran it and nuuie yarn. The mill was burnt some three 
times during fifty years and rebuilt. Jonathan Tiffany built 
a snutU factory foi spinning cotton yain on the east brook 
that helps form the Flat-top stream, which had more than 
thirty- four feet fall. One day when tlie nuu-hinery was run- 
ning full speed, all at once the wheel almost stopped. Th(> 
help laii out to see what the matter was. They Joinid a coio 
•Irhiktiuj ilii' iraUr tJial oiKjltf to run on to the wheel. When 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 249 

tlie cow qiieiielied lier thirst, the wheel started up again full 

Centreville is the next village below Crompton. It was 
probably settled prior to 1700. The proprietors of tliis sec- 
tion w^ere Heniy Wood, John Smith, John Greene and John 
Warner. A saw mill stood here early in the 18th. century 
owned by Job Greene. Philip Greene, son of Job, was judge 
of the County Court from 1759 to 1784. He was the father 
of Col. Christopher Greene of the Kevolutionary War, who 
commanded the Rhode Island Regiment, that fought so gal- 
lantly at Red Bank, defeating an army of Hessians three times 
as large as his own force. William Greene, a resident of this 
neighborhood was Governor of the State from 1778 to 1786. 

The first cotton mill erected in this country was started in 
the village of Pawtucket in 1790. The one erected in 
Centreville was four years afterwards, or 1794. William 
Almy and Obediah Brown bought one-half of the factory 
privilege there for $2500. John Allen, who was to be one of 
the company went with Obediah Brown to Pawtucket, to 
take some measurements of Samuel Slater's machinery. 
Slater fV)rbid him, but as Mr. Brown was one of Mr. Slater's 
])ackers Mr. Allen took no notice of it. Mr. Slater then took 
hold of Mr. Allen and pushed him av/ay. Mr. Brown then 
said, '' Let n»e take the rule I will measure and we Avill see 
if he will lay liands on me." He did so, but Mr. Slater 
never molested him. 

The original owners of this small mill were : William Pot- 
ter, one-third, John Allen, one-sixth, McKerris, one-sixth, 
James Greene, one-ninth, Job Greene one-eighteenth, the 
remaining one-sixth, by several parties. 

250 Naukagansett Historical Register. 

The secoiul mill was built in 1807 on the east side of the 
river. The company was composed of William Almy, Obe- 
diah Brown, James Greene, John Allen, Gideon Greene and 
John Greene. 

John Allen superintended the erection of this as he had 
of the first mill. 

Mr. Allen lived in Centreville the remainder of his life, 
sharing- in all the vicissitudes of the manufacturing business, 
loved honored and respected by all who knew^ him, acquired 
a handsome fortune and died the triumphant death of a 
true Christian July 26, 1845, in the 78th. year of his age. 

Mr. John Greene likewise spent his days here, occupying 
a high position as an upright and honorable business man, 
and died July 16, 1851, one of the wealthest men in this 
vicinity. He left one son and two daughters. He was 
President of the Centreville Bank from its first establishment 
until his death. 

Mr. George Whitman, now a^member of thjs Association, 
was a nephew oi: Mr. Greene, and his confidential clerk for 
twenty-two years. 

Dr. Sylvester Knight, lived here as a practicing jdiysician 
for twenty-seven years, and acquired a reputation of being a 
very skillful physician, an honest and gentlemanly man, and 
one who was universally beloved and respected. Plis son, 
the Hon. Jabez C. Knight, told me recently, that so great 
was his father's practice, that when he was a boy and went 
to school, sometimes he would not see him in two weeks. 
His health began to fail him, and growing weary of so much 
business, removed to this city where he died March 15, 1841, 
aged 54 years. 

Dr. Charles Jewett was called from East Green Avich to fill 
bis place in Centreville, and had he continued in the practice 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 251 

tliere, might have become a wealthy man for he had ah'eady 
acquired the reputation of a skilled physician and an excel- 
lent surgeon, but he prefered the lecture field in the cause 
of temperance, and acquired the reputation of being one of 
the ablest and most scientific lecturer on temperance, in the 

James Waterhouse came to this country from England with 
no resources but his fruitful mind and indomitable will. He 
bought two-thirds of the water power here of the heirs of 
John Greene, and made several kinds of cassimeres, was suc- 
cessful and became rich, but afterwards became somewhat in- 
volved. He rose in the Rhode Island militia to the rank of 
Brigadier General. He died in Lowell, Mass., March 25, 
1872 Avhere he had gone to see his sick wife. Gen. Water- 
house had the reputation of being a noble and generous man. 
One that wealth did not change in his social intercourse with 
his neighbors and old friends. 

Oliver Johnson, when a young man taught school in this 
village. He was a very popular and successful teacher. 

John B. Arnold carried on the business of a merchant tail- 
or in this village for forty years. For a great number of years 
he was considered by all the fashionable young men in all the 
neighboring villages, to be the heau ideal of a tailor. He 
was a fair and honorable business man, and was highly re- 
spected, He lived to be over eighty years of age. 

Jeremiah Briggs, one of the successful gold and silver 
platers of Providence, was reared here. 

Job, Gideon, Henry and Anthony Hamilton, four brothers, 
were residents of Centreville and Crompton villages. They 
were all good singers and sang in the Choir at the Tin Top 
meeting- house. 

252 Naruagansett Historical Register. 

Wliii)pk' Arnold was a resident of this village and was the 
first Postmaster here, an offiee he held for many years and 
throuo'h several administrations. 

The first Stage Coach from this region to Providence was 
started in 1823, and run several years by Andrew Arnold 
from Washington village through all the villages on the 
South-west Branch of the Pawtuxet River to Providence. It 
was then thought to be quite an honor and a luxury to ride 
in the stage to Providence, much more than it is now to ride 
even in palace cars. 

George Scott started a stage from Hope village through all 
the villaoes on the North-west Branch of the Pawtuxet River 
soon after Mr, Arnold started his on the South-west Branch. 
Both of these routes were popular and equally well sustained. 

Gilbert Remington, a nephew of Mr. Arnold, bought him 
out and run the stage for some years giving great satisfaction 
to the public and w;.is always kind and accommodating to his 
passengers. After several years of successfully pursuing this 
business, he sold out to George Scott, who run both lines for 
several years. He never gave up the business until the Prov- 
idence and Hartford Rail-road commenced runnina" their cars. 
He then published his Valedictory address in the Providence 
Journal, thanking his patrons and bidding them a respectful 
farewell after serving them faithfully for about thirty years. 
Mr. Scott was not only an excellent stage driver, but one of 
the best fifers in the State. He was for a few years fife-major 
:o the 9th. Regiment of Rhode Island Militia. One could 
isten to his playing by the hour together. 

The Centreville Bank was incorporated in June, 1828. with 

ca})ital of only $25,000. John Greene was its first Presi- 

ont and Rev. Moses Fifield the first cashier. Mr. Greene, 

s has been mentioned, remained President until his death. 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 253 

Cyrus Harris was then chosen President and held that posi- 
tion several years. The present Moses Fifield, who is cashier, 
is a son of the Rev. Moses Fifield, who took the cashiership a 
few years hefore the death of his father, which occurred Ap- 
ril 19, 1859. Rev. Jonathan Brayton was chosen President 
on the resignation of Mr. Harris. 

It was in this village that the lamented Burrell Arnold 
was murdered while sitting in his store for his activity in the 
cause of temperance. And what is remarkably strange is the 
murderers have never been found and punished. 

Josiah Merrill was a resident of this village all his life and 
reared here a large family of children. 

Lovewell Spaulding, a leading and active member of the 
Methodist church, was a resident of this village. 

George B, Seabury moved into this village from the town 
of Tiverton in 1824. He was a blacksmith by trade and 
carried on that business nearly to the end of life and died 
aged 88 years. He left three children, one son and two dau- 
ghters. The son is the eminent dentist. Dr. F. N. Seabury, 
now located with his son at No. 294 Westminster St. in this 
city. A son that Centreville may justly feel proud of raising 
and the city of Providence that it possesses such an able den- 
tist and gentlemanly a citizen. 

Joseph Burton was a resident of Centreville for some fifty 
years. He was the father of Sheldon Burton, the celebrated 
snare drummer and the intimate friend of William Anthony 
Jr., spoken of in our first paper on the valley of the Pawtuxet. 

The village of Centreville^ has done its share in contribut- 
ing to the prosperity of Providence and keeping it the second 
city in New England in point of population, enterprize, 
wealth and trade. She has contributed distinguished manu- 
facturers, merchants, physicians and dentists; such as John 


Nmiuaga^bktt Historical Begistek. 

Allen the Harns's, Greeue's, Luphan.'s Johnson's Seahury's. 
Watei-house, and one Mayor of Providence iov seven yea.s, 

Hon. Jahez C Knight. 

The Methodist Episcopal Meetn.o Honse ^vas built m Cci 
treville in 1831 and '32. A flomshing chinch M'as loimcd 
!,Kl the Rev. Moses Fifield was one of its iirst pastors, and 
ontinued such untU he was choseu cash.e. ol the Centrev. le 
Bank He was an excellent nran, honored and respected by 
all. There was probably a Methodist ^-^^ ^-^^~ ^ 
to the erection of the meeting house m 1S31. The Metho 
dists held meetings in the District School House 1--— ^o 
that time. I recollect of going to Centrevdle early m the 
inornir^^- in the month of June with another boy, when 1 was 
about twelve years of age, to witness the bai^ism ol more 
than twenty candidates in the Centreville Pond who jomed 
the Methodist church. They were all inunersed but one and 
that one was a lady. She kneeled m the water where it was 
nearly two feet deep and the minister poured a basin of water 
on her head. They were baptized on the east side of the pond 
We boys set down on the west side. The procession marched 
down to the water two deep, singing beautiful and inspiring 
hymns. There was no wind blowing at the time, and the sun 
in all its glory never shone more beautiful, all nature smucd 
in all Its pristime lovlmess. It was certainly one of the most 
lovly scenes of the kind I ever witnessed in my Me and can 
never be effaced from n>y men^ory. The sun of Austerlitz 
arose on a December morning over a held of battle, red with 
tlie slaughter of thirty thousand men, but this morning sun 
of June, rose over a beautiful baptismal scene of more than 
twenty pilgrims who had started on a journey to the New 


The Pawtuxet Valley. 255 

Tlie next village after Centreville is Artie, of which we 
spoke in our former paper. But this village is growing and 
is already connected with River Point. There is a large 
Roman Catholic church near the rail-road station in North 
Centreville, near Artie, to accommodate the French Catholics. 
The house is 112 by 60 feet. It is called " St. John's Church." 
Rev. Henry Spruyt was the first pastor. This building is an 
ornament to the village. 

A Congregational church was formed at River Point in 
1<S49, with ten members. Rev. George Uhler acted as its 
])astor. He was succeeded by Rev. S. B. Goodnow until 
1855. Then Rev. Mr. Woodbury supplied the pulpit. In 
1857, Rev. George W. Achiuis was installed as pastor, who 
c'ontinued as such until his death which occurred Dec. 9, 
18(52. He was a diligent student and a sound theologian. 
This meeting house wa,s erected by Dr. Stephen Harris and 
his two sons, Cyrus and Stephen Harris. 

A Six Principle Baptist Meeting House was erected at 
River Point in 1857. It was then called Birch Hill. This 
<'hurcli was in part the scattered fragments of the Six Prin- 
ciple Baptist church of Phenix which was dissolved there and 
reorganized here and still maintains its standing. 

There was a Congregational Meeting House erected in 
Washington village, Coventry, about the year 1830, by the 
Rev. Mr. Pease, who preached in it to a small Congregation 
a few years and kept during the time a school for the higher 
branches of education, such as were not taught in the com- 
nu)n schools. vSome success attended this instruction. Mr. 
Pease returned to Massachusetts and the Rev. Mr. Janeson, 
a Scotch gentleman, highly educated in the University of 
Edinburgh ( about the year 1833, ) took his place, a Congre- 


NAKnAGA^sBTT HisTouicAL Rkgis'ieh. 

c 1 .,,.rl Orin Sneiicer aiul Cluirles 

M,„.se, J.-., we.. o«la.„e ^^^^- ^,^,^ j.,,, Gveen- 

a few yeavB -kU >..»<' ^ ^,^,^,, ^^, ,,,,,, ,,,,„,. 

tr«f Westovly. a„a of Spencev, ..ho d.ed a f.w 

'"nJ^rhuvel, .as a.solv«Uevena yeavs afte,.vaxas and a 
TJni c ach was fonned, eo,n,K.»ed of several de,u,m,.>atu,ns. 
T 1 .V 'a„>es H. Do« of Piovidenoe, the.r i,asto,-, 
! ^ ti,;;^ i.. that eapa..,ty seve-al yeavs. The Mee.n, 
ii^hasLeen in the hands of the MethocUsts fov 

..esplhle eiWs as .an he fonnd ,n the State msh.n^- 
t„n vi'daoe, in this respect, was eqna! to any of then . 
addition'to those mentioned n, our fust pap", v.^.; ihomas 
WhLle, Peleg W.lbnv and Join. Bissel we n.ay n.ent.n, 
Anth nv Ta.b,rx, of the Bank of Kent near y dnrrng 
it, existence. Benjanun Ki.nhall, EnsseP, C ,ace Mar hn S. 
AVhihnan, Charles Morse, Charles Morse, dr Jessie Cook, 
CaleVandJoh,, ,!. Kilton, Alhan M. Stone, O- " Spenee,, 
Samne! Wall, Henry Re.nington, Oliver C. and Ihomas .>. 

Wilbur. , e -i,. 

In the Anthony village, n, addition to tne An.hony tan.d) 
there was Perez, Peck, J oh Harkness, Elisha Chnstopher and 
Daniel R., Stephen and Joseph Ma.,cheser Judge 
Mancheste,.. AVilliau, Place, Snnth Williau>s, Nicholas D. and 
Charles Grec.e, Lawton Johnson, Joseph S.sson, James Mat- 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 257 

hewson, and many others. Christopher Whitman when he 
died was the ricliest man in Coventry. His brother, Daniel 
R. Whitman, was a young man of noble sentiments, and bet- 
ter read than ordinary young men of his time. 

Charles Greene's boot and shoe making shop stood on the 
side of the common in Anthony village. It was a sort of 
rendevous for the first men of the village to meet evenings 
and talk over business and the political, religious, scientific, 
and social matters of the times. 

We mentioned in our former paper, that every village on 
each branch of the Pawtuxet River, had Temperance Societies. 
Washington and Anthony villages united and formed one 
between them, and met alternately in each village. The chief 
instrument in forming this Society was Dr. Hiram Cleveland, 
assisted by Perez Peck, and then by Col. Peleg Wilbur and 
Hon. Thomas Whipple. Dr. Cleveland was a strong advocate 
of Temperance and did much to mould the temperance senti- 
ment of that section and of the State. He was a skillful 
surgeon. He moved a few years after this, to the village of 
Pawtucket, where he died some twenty years ago. 

Dr. Peleg Clark, a well read physician, bought the estate 
vacated by Dr. Cleveland, moved to Coventry, and practiced 
his profession with success. Like Dr. Cleveland, he was a 
temperance man, as were most of the physicians in New Eng- 
land. He delivered some excellent temperance addresses. 
The Anti-Slavery excitement arose, he enlisted warmly in 
that cause and was chosen President of the Rhode Island 
Anti-Slavery Society. He became one of the principal lead- 
ers of that cause. He was a man of considerable ability and 
made his mark in whatever cause he engaged. 

The Bank of Kent, located in Washington village, was 
organized in 1818. Dr. Caleb Fiske was chosen President 

258 Narragansett Historical Register. 

and a ]\Ir. Jeucks Casliier. Tlie capital of the Bank was 
$50,000. Ill 1820, the President and Cashier resigned, and 
John Allen of Centreville, "vvas chosen President and Aiithony 
Tarhox of Washington villag-e, Cashier. Mr. Allen remained 
President until his death in 1845. Mr. Tarjbox remained 
Cashier until his death in 1867. Col. Peleg- ^ Will)ur, was 
chosen President in 1845, and remained such until the Bank 
was wound up in 1869. Joe! M. Spencer, was chosen Cash- 
ier on the death of Mr. Tarhox, and fen^ained sudi until the 
Bank Avas wound u]) in 1869. 

The Coventry Bank was orga^iized in 1865, with a capital 
of $100,000. Christopher A. Whitman was chosen President 
and Thomas Whitman, Cashier. Mr. C. A. Wliitman, re- 
mained Pi-esident until his death, and then AsaJiel Mathew- 
son was chosen. Thomas Wliitman remained Cashier until 
his death, when Edward B. ¥/iilia,niS was chosen. The Bank 
is heing wound up. 

Tliere is a small s])ring brook about one and a, half miles 
south of Washington Village, Coventry, with sonie thirty feet 
fall on it. It is one of the four small brooks that makes up 
the Dyer Brook. Perez Peck and Jabez Anthony ( uncle of 
Senator Anthony ) , built a small factory two story in front 
.and tliree story in the rear, about the year 1829. or 1830 and 
named it " Barclay ville," in honor of the celebrated English 
Divine, of the Society of Friends, Robert Barclay. They 
run this factory in company a few years. Then Mr. Anthony 
and his son Wilham, bought out Mr. Peck and continued the 
business, making cotton rope, banding and twine. After tiie 
death of Jabez Anthony, his son William, and his sons, con- 
tinued the business, and it is still run Iry the family. This 
small factoiy has been a success. 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 259 

Nortli Sc'ituate is a large and handsome village and has 
been a place of some enterprise in past years. It is Imnd- 
somely located in the North-easterly part of the town of 
Scitiiate, in a somewhat level section of land, near Moswan- 
sicut pond or lake, one of the most beautiful sheets of water 
in the State. This village is the location of the Lapham In- 
stitute, which flourished for several years as an academy under 
the preceptorship of Rev. Hosea Quimby and Rev. Ammi 
Bradbury and his wife. Mr. Quimby was a christian, a 
scholar and a gentleman. After Hon. Benedict Lapham 
bought and gave the acadcnsy buildings to the Free Baptist 
denomination, the Rev. B. F. Hayes became the Principal 
and the academy again flourished. Mr. Hayes was a gen- 
tleman of a fine education, and he could speak fluently in 
some half a dozen languages. He had a call to a professor- 
ship in Bates College, at Lewiston, Maine, and he went there. 
The Institution began to wane and was finally abandoned as 
an academy, which is much to be regretted, for the buildings 
are an ornament to the village and the academy a benefit to 
this portion of the State. The buildings have been used as 
a summer boarding place. 

There is a handsome meeting house here, built some sixty 
or seventy years ago by the Free-will Baptist denomination, 
as wei'e the Academy buildings. Rev. Reuben Allen preach- 
ed here between 1830 and 1840. During this time he chang- 
ed his religious sentiments and became a Congregationist and 
carried a majority of the chuich and coiigregation with him, 
they held the house. The Free-will Baptists had to build 
themselves a new house which was a modest affair compared 
to the first one. Therefore since this division two meetincrs 
have been maintained in the village of Nortli Scituate. 


Nahragansett Hihtohical Register. 

The Six Principle Baptists have a me(-ting h.ouse at South 
Seituate, and another «t Kents, some Imo miles further south 
where the sect have uuiintainea monthly meetings. 

The name of Battey, Anoell, Henry, Manchester, Fisk, 
Mathe^vson. Winsor, Mo^vry, Smith, are c( mmcn in Seituate. 

Jmnes B.' Angell, now President of Michagan University, 
is a native of this town. 

The proprietors of the Hope Factory Village, erected a 
Hall for a reading room and to hold meetings in. The Meth- 
odists have formed a church here and hold their meetings m 
this hall. They have quite a flourishing society here. 

Fiskeville and Jackson villages, had a^ meeting house erec- 
ted hetween thtm ahout the year 1840. The Baptist denom- 
ination held meetings here for several years, hut it was not 
iiourishino-. The church soon hecame extinct. The meeting 
house was finally purchased hy Ex. Gov. Jackson, audit has 
hecn converted into teneujents. 

The Six Principle Baptists have erected a meeting hcuse 
at Fiskeville Four Corners, in 1873, mainly through the in- 
iiuence and persistent energy of Elder 1^. B. Cottrell, at a 
cost of |17C0, and a clanth ^^as rocn oiganized and Elder 
Cottrell was its pastor, who still nuxintains that position. The 
church is quite flourisiug. 

Among some of the early settlers who resided in Fiskeville 
Arkwi-ight and vicinity, we may mention Philip Fiske, Step- 
hen Potter, the Congdon family, Dr. Baker, Dr. Almon C. 
Whitnum, Edward Congdon, George James Adams, Caleh 
Ray. Henry W. Emmons, kept a dry goods store here for 
many yeais." Drs. Baker and Whitman botli had a large pro- 
fessional ])ra(tice and stood high in their ]iiofessi(:n. Doctor 

The Paw 1 uxet Valley. 261 

Baker died some thirty years ago. Dr. Whitiiiaii died in 
1879 and his Avidow died March 1889. 

Dr. Caleb Fiske, the father of Philip Fiske, lived about 
two miles north of Fiskeville, in Seituate, was one of the most 
eminent j^hysicians in the State, and for those times was con- 
sidered a very wealthy man. He died about the year 1834. 
Dr. Baker was one of liis students. The Dr. Fiske house 
was built previous to the Revolutionary war, and General 
Lafayette stopped there Avith his suite on his way to Boston, 
to dine. Miss. Rhoby Knight, daughter of the proprietor of 
the house, a young lady of some 15 or 16 years of age, pass- 
ed through the room where Lafayette and suite were dining. 
He was so pleased with her beauty and appearance, that he 
took out his snuff box, gave it to her and told her " To al- 
ways keep it to remember him." She afterwards married Col. 
Henry Wiglitman, a Colonel in the Rhode Island Militia at 
that time. The box has been preserved in the family with 
H'reat care. It is now in the hands of Miss. Hattie Budlonp-, 

We return to Phenix again to give some further facts re- 
specting this enterprising village of which Kent County may 
well feel proud. 

In 1827, Rev. Henry Tatem preached in the School-house 
in this village to crowded houses, and until the erection of the 
Meeting house in 1829. This was the first Meeting-house 
erected on the North-west Branch of the Pawtuxet River. An 
Act of Incorporation was granted at the January Session of 
the Legistature in 1833, to Henry Tatem, Nicholas G. Potter, 
Benjamin R. Allen, Caleb Potter, Sheldon Colvin, Cyril Bal)- 
cock, Ray Atwood, Cyrus Manchester, George P. Prosser, 
Reuben Wright, and William Warner. These were some of 
the principle and leading njen of Phenix at that time. Rev. 

202 Naiuiauansett HisroiiiOAi. Register. 

llt'iuy Tuteni was considered more than a eominon eloquent 
j)reaehei'. He continued to preach in tliis Meeting'-liouse 
until difficulties broke out which divided the cliurcli in 1887. 
During these ten years of Elder Tateni's pastorate, there weie 
what was called "Great revivals of leligion. On several 
occasions he baptized large numbers in the Phenix Pond, and 
he seemid to have a large and iiourisiiig church. During his 
pastorate he renounced Free Masonry and became a violent 
political Anti Mason. He preached without a salary and 
supported himself and family by following the bnsinegs of a 
Merchant Taylor at Natic where he resided. He was inti- 
mate with Hon. Williani Sprague, uncle cf the yresent Hon. 
William and the H(;n. Amasa ?piague; who often (ailed on 
R !v. Mr. Tateu], at his tailor's shop, and talked joolitics with 
him. After the difficulty in Tatcm's church, spoken of in 
tlid foregoing, the Rev. Nicholas Potter j.reaxhed to the 
churdi for a few months, but the church became feeble, and 
sold their Meeting-house to Josiah Chapin (;f Providence. 
The Congregationalists then held it and the Rev. Russell 
Allen preached there a sliort time. Afterwards the Metho- 
dists hired the house and in 1842 purchased it. Governor 
Harris bought it, moved it and made tentments of it. The 
Methodists built a new Meeting-house en the same spot which 
is now tlie house the Phenix Methodist Church worship in. 
It is quite a handson;e and convenient Meeting-house and is 
an omamtnt to the village. Ihe Methodists for many yeais 
have had a large and flourishing church here. Gov. Elisha 
Harris and his family weie members of, and one of its stron- 
gest patrons. Ex. Gov. Howard, Avho married one of his 
daughters, is a. nu'n)btr here and a strong sr.pporter of relig- 
ion ami morality. 

The Pawtuxkt Valley. 263 

The Six Principle Baptists formed a branch of the Maple 
Root Church here and Elder Thomas Tillinghast preached 
once a month in the school houses at Arkwright and Phenix 
villages, until a Meeting-house was built for him at Phenix 
in 1838, which v/as the second Meeting-house erected in that 
village for religious purposes. The building coinmittee were; 
Dea. Johns(m, William Ames, and Robert Levalley. The 
house was about sixty feet long and thirty feet wide with 
eighteen feet posts and cost |3000, which for them,, in those 
times, was a large sum; larger than the church could pay. 
It was finally sold to Dr. McGregor for $1000, and then to 
William B. Spencer, who converted it into tenements in 1851. 
• The scattered fragments of the church as we have already 
said, finally united with brethren and sisters of the same faith 
at what w^as then called Birch Hill, but now in the village of 
River Point and still worship there. 

In 1841, Rev. Jonathan Brayton commenced his labors 
here in the Phenix School-house and the School-house at 
Natic, but his audience increased so that the School-house at 
Phenix could not hold them and they hired the Tatem Meet- 
ing house, then owned by Dea. Josiah Chapin, of Providence, 
for tAvo weeks. Great religious awakening attended these 
meetings and many were converted, so there seemed to be a 
necessity of forming a Baptist church immediately. There- 
fore the brethren and sisters m Phenix and vicinity, 25 in 
number, formed themselves into a church and were publicly 
recognized as such Jan> 20, 1842. The church assumed the 
name of the '" Lippitt and Phenix Baptist Church." The 
male members were; Kev. Jonathan Brayton, Thomas S. 
Wightman, William- B. Spencer, Jeremiah Franklin, John B. 
Tanner, Benjamin Gardiner, Richard Gorton /Stephen Greene 
and Robert Card, and sixteen fenjales. There were nineteen 

264 Narragansett Historical Register. 

others excepted candidates, which increased the numbers to 
forty-four. On January 30, twenty-nine persons were bap- 
tized. From Jan. 30, to Mar. 6, seventy-seven were bap- 
tized and united with the church. Among them were some 
of the first and most substantial citizens of Phenix and vicin- 
ity, such as Lodowick and Samuel Brayton, brothers of the 
Rev. Jonathan Brayton. Necessity now compelled them to 
build a meeting-house, as the school-house was not large 
enough to hold the audience which attended the meetings. 
The Phenix Manufacturing Company, generously gave the 
lot. A house was built 48 by 36 feet, for $1800. The 
vestry was afterwards finished and the whole expense was 
only $3000. Rev. Jonathan Brayton, was the instrument in 
tiie hands of God in building up this church, and was its first 
pastor. After he resigned the church had several pastors. 
Rev. Christopher Rhodes was pastor nearly six years, and 
during his pastorate the congregation increased so that the 
house was not large enough to hold them. A committee was 
appointed to enlarge, or to build a new house. The old meet- 
ing-house was sold and a new one was built on the west side 
of the river. William B. Spencer gave the lot. The whole 
expense of the house was $18,437.14. It has a handsome 
clock in the steeple and a good sounding bell that weighs 
1609 poujids. As was said on a former occasion, it is one of 
the handsomest and most convenient meeting houses in the 
rural part of the State. 

There are several stores in Phenix for the sale of groceries 
and dry-goods and several other branches of business are car- 
ried on here as in cities and large towns, so that citizens can 
get accommodated for most everything they want. Joseph 
Lawton keeps a first class clothing store .There are two coun- 
try hotels in the village. 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 265 

About the year of 1837, Messrs, Greene and Pike, erected 
in their village, called Clyde, a building to be used as a 
school-house and a meeting-house for a small church of tli« 
'■'' Swedenborgian, or New Jerusalem Church." The Hon. 
Simon Henry Greene, used to act as leader in the service, in 
the absence of the pastor. 

The Meeting-house at Natic was built by Messrs, A. and W. 
Sprague and they generously gave the rent of it, free of 
charge, to the Baptists. 

The First Baptist Church of Natic, was organized on the 
23. of Noveuiber, 1839. It was composed of sixteen persons 
of regular Baptist churches in other places, but who resided 
in this village. The church wa^ publicly recognized by a 
council formed by the neighboring churches on the 25, of 
December following, and received into the Warren Association 
Sept. 9, 1840. The first pei'son received by baptism into 
the church was Sister S. Thornton, May 24, 1840, who was 
baptized by Rev. Thomas Tew, the father of George P. Tew 
of this city. Rev. Arthur A. Ross, became pastor of this 
church Nov. 16, 1840, but he remained such only a few 
months. In 1842, a large number joined the church. Rev. 
Jonathan Brayton, accepted the pastorate of this church and 
remained such until June 1844, at the same time he was pas- 
tor of the church at Phenix. April 25, 1847, Rev. Arthur 
A. Ross, was again called to the pastorate of the church, 
and remained such for nearly five years. During this pastor- 
ate a great revival of religion broke out in this church, and 
several prominent persons embraced religion, and joined the 
church. The Meeting-house, during this revival was crowded 
with eager listeners and anxious sonls. The village of Natic 
was never so happy before. In December 1851, Rev. Step- 


Nakhagansett Historical Recusteu. 

h.n Tl.onuvs became pastor ami reimum.! there nearly four 

vcnrs The church had S3veral pastors afterwards. Kev. U. 

l> .' Fuller, while he was a studeut in Brown University prea- 

died for them six months. 

The c-h>sino. part of the year 1857, was the time of the 
cvveat revival all through the country and forty-one persons 
united with this church. This was under the pastorate of 
Rev George Mathews. Several years afterwards, when tlie 
Rev Warren Emory was pastor, seventy-five joined the church 
hy baptism. In 1871, the church sustained a great loss in 
the death of Dea. George W. Harrington, who had served 
the church faitlifully as deacon since May 1859, a period ot 
twelve years. In the year 1875, the church sustained a great- 
er loss hi the death of Dea. Moses Whitnmn, who had been 
connected with the church since 1842. A highly compliment- 
ary notice of his life, was published in the Watchman and 
Reflector of Jan. 15, 1875. This church is still m a fl(mr- 
isliing condition, but it is rather a melancholy thought that 
the Spragues, Rhodes, Rices, Bakers, Warners, Ballous, 
Knowles, Arnolds, Whitmans, Simmons, and hundreds of 
others, residents of Natic and vicinity, have all passed away. 

Pontaic vilhige is the next below Natic, An Episcopal 
c.hurch was organized April 9, 1869. The Rev. E. H. Por- 
ter, was its first Rector. Messrs, B. B. and R. Kn.ght, the 
proprietors of Pontaic Mills and village, tendered to the 
parish for church purposes, a room neatly fitted up with sit- 
tings and chancil furniture, and also a residence for the Rec- 
tor, without rental, and have always been liberal contributors 
to the fund for the Rector's salary. The church bears the 
name of '' All Saint's Parish Pontaic." 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 267 

Tlie first settlers of Providence were pious people. Some 
of them were probably members of the Church of England. 
Roger Williams, himself, was an ordained minister of the 
Puritan order, but he and his associates, were all convinced, 
that Scripture baptism was to be immersed in water. There 
being- no minister among them, who had been immersed, nor 
any professor of religion among them who had been thus 
baptized, and, as they wished to form a church of immersed 
members, agreeably to the command of the New Testament, 
they selected Ezekiel Holliman, a pious and gifted man to 
baptize Roger Williams, who in turn then baptized Mr. Hol- 
liman and the others. These men were the first members of 
the " First Baptist Church," of this city. This was its origin, 
and from this church, thus established, sprang all the Bap- 
tist churches in this State and Nation. This took place in 
A. D., 1639. Three years after this event, one lialf of the 
constituent members of this church settled in the town of 
Warwick. They were, John Greene, Richard Waterman, 
Francis Weston, Ezekiel Holliman, William Arnold, and 
Stuteley Westcott, all then residing in Providence, but these 
brethren still continued their connection with the First Bap- 
tist Church of Providence, and attended the same as often as 
they conveniently could. In January 1730, the large town- 
ship of Providence, was divided into four towns, and every 
town had a Meeting-house, but the church worshiping in 
them, were branches from the First Baptist church in Provi- 
dence. At this time there were nine towns on the main land, 
all of which had Baptist Churches. One of these churches 
was in Old Warwick, probably not over half a mile from 
where the " Shawomet Baptist Church," is now located. The 
earliest records of this church are dated 1741, but the origin 
of the body must have been as early as 1725. It is said 

208 Narragansett Historical Register. 

that tlu'ii' is no oiiginal records of the First Baptist Church, 
j)revious to April 1775. The records of the First Baptist 
Church \Yere probably burnt, when the village of Providence 
was burned by the Narragansett Indians, in King Philip's 
War in 167(). in 1730, the Old Warwick Church consisted 
of sixty-five members under the pas' oval care of Elder Manas- 
sah Martin. He served the church as pastor thirty years, 
and died March 20, 1754, and lies buried near the site of 
the meeting-house where he preached. A heavy slab marks 
the spot, Avhere he and his wife lay. In 1757, Charles Holden 
was ordained as pastor of tJiis church. He remained pastor 
until old age compelled him to retire. He died June 20. 
1785, in his DOth. year. He lies buried in a quiet spot, some 
tiiirty or forty rods west of the residence of John Wickcg 
Greene, Esq. John Holden of Cranston, was a lineal descen- 
dent of his, and so is Dea. Robert Holden of the Cranston St. 
]mptist church. By the will of Elder Holden, his slaves 
were liberated, and some provision made for them. After 
Elder Holden became feeble, Benjamin Sheldon was ordained 
as assistant })astar, in June 1778. October 10, 1782, Abra- 
liani Lippitt, was ordained as an assistant pastor of this church. 
In 1793, Eider Lip,pitt removed to what was then called 
"the west," and this cliurch called Samuel Littlefield to the 
to the pastoral ofHce, and he was ordained in 1794. He 
continued to preach until about 1825. This Meeting-house 
was })r()bably erected as early as 1730, though the date is not 
known. It was in a state of deiapidation and was taken down 
m 1830, one hundred years after its erection. This church 
was an oifshoot of the First Baptist Church of Providence. 
The Maple Root church of Coventiy, w^as a child of this. 
The Baptists, in coujitry towns built their Meeting-houses 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 2G9 

nearly square, two stories liigli, without a steeple, tower, or 
bell. The seats wei'e very plaiu, all without paint; hut some 
within fifty years have confolined a little to modern fashion. 
The Six Principle Baptist ministers preached without a salary. 
They simply take what their friends give them, which is of- 
ten a " mere pittance." 

The Old Baptist Meeting-house here had become so delap- 
idated. that it was unfit to hold meetinos in and a new house 
was built and dedicated in 1829. Rev. William Manchester 
preached the dedicatory sermon. Elder Job Manchester be- 
came the pastor. He was a successful pastor and the first 
year of his ministry he baptized twenty-two persons. He re- 
signed in 1843 and removed to Providence, joined the Stew- 
art Street Church, and died Aug. 9, 1869, aged 75 years. 

A few members of the Old Warwick church, resided in 
Apponaug village, called then " Fulling ]MiIl." They were 
desirous of forming a church in that village. In December 
1744, the Old Warwick church gave Benjamin Peirce and 
wife, Ezrikham Peirce and wife, Edward Case and wife, John 
Budlong, and such others as washed to form a church at 
Fulling iWill, of the same faith and order to do so. Benjamin 
Peirce, was ordained as their minister. They erected a Meet- 
ing-hcuse 26 by 28 feet, two stories high. The church after 
a few years was dissolved, but soon after the close of the 
Revolutionary V/ar, another church was organized, about 
the year 1785. David Corpe, a member of the East Green- 
wich church, from which the present one was set off, became 
their pastor. They occupied the old Meeting-house, which 
they repaired. Elder Spooner was his successor. In 1805, 
the church became extinct. That is, in twenty years from 
its organization. The Meeting-house was taken down and 
put into dwelling houses. 

270 Naruaganhett Historical Register. 

What is called the Six Principle Baptist, had held meet- 
ings in the Old Warwick Meeting-house from the early set- 
tlement of the town, but seem to he now passing away. In 
1842, the Rhode Island Baptist State Convention, sent the 
Rev. Jonathan E. Forbush to labor there and some religious 
interest followed his labors. In October 1842, five brethren 
and eleven sisters, met at the residence of John W . Greene, 
appointed a committee of three to waita upon the members of 
the Old Six Principle Baptist Church, and confer with them 
resj>ecting the formation of what is called the " Shawomet 
Baptist Church." Nov. 16, 1842, the church was formed 
at the Old Six Principle Baptist Meeting-house, by a council 
from the Providence, Phenix, Pawtuxet and East Gieenwicli 
Baptist chui'ches. It had then but thirteen members with 
Rev. J. E. Forbush as pastor. Benjamin Greene was chosen 
Deacon and John Holden, Clerk. In 1845, the church 
united with the Warren Association. Mr. Forbush closed 
his labors in March 1845. Rev. Alfred Colburn was his 
successor. The membership was now thirty. In 1850, Rev. 
George A. Willard became pastor and remained such until 
May 1859. There were two other pastors prior to 1866, 
when there were fifty-four members, Rev. J. Torrey Smith, 
was pastor of this church near fourteen years. They built 
a new Meeting-house some two years ago, which was burnt. 
They immediately went to work and built another handsomer 
and more convenient house than the one burnt. It has dis- 
missed to other churches quite a large number of members. 
Its present number is seventy-one. Rev. S. E. Frohock is 

The Warwick and East Greenwich Free-will Baptist church 
is situated on the plain, about half a mile north of the vill- 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 271 

age of Appoiiaug". The church was organized Dec. 25, 184:1, 
but they worshipped in various places, chiefly iu the Meet- 
ing-house a mile north, near the " High-house." Rev. Oeo. 
Chaniplain was the pastor, and continued in this relation for 
some fifteen years. This church in the time of the '' Dorr 
War," a large majority of it was of the "Law and Order," 
party, while the members of this Greenwood church where 
the church held meetings, were of the " Dorr Party," There- 
fore, the Iiouse was closed against the Apponaug church, 
which was for the " Law and Order" party. Therefore, they 
made arrangements to build on the plain half a mile north 
of Apponaug village. Governor John Brown Francis, Dutee 
Arnold, and George T. Spicer, interested themselves to aid 
them in this entei-prise. Gov. Francis drew up a Subscription 
Paper and on that paper is 

Gov. Francis and daughter $ 75.00 

Gov. William Sprague and daughter, Mrs. Hoyt, 75.00 

Dute^ Arnold and daughter Marcy, 50.00 

John Carter Brown, 50.00 

C. and W. Rhodes, 25.00 

George. T. Spicer, 20.00 

Stephen Budlong gave the land on which the Meeting- 
house was built. The house was ei'ected in 1844, at a cost 
of $1275. This house was destroyed by fire in August 1872. 
The church bought the house which was owned and occupied 
by the North or Greenwood church and moved it to where 
theirs was burnt, wliich is the house they now occupy. 

The Central Free-will Baptist Church, of Apponaug, was 
organized by the Rev. Benjamin Phelan, who, on the Third 
Sabbath in August 1835, baptized and formed into a church 
the following individuals: Hon. William D. Brayton, Alex- 
ander Havens, William Harrison, Thomas W. Harrison, 

272 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Elizabetli Wickes, Catliarine Westcott and Mary E. Wil])ur. 
The iirst Deacon was Alexander Havens. William D. Bray- 
ton was Clerk. Uev. Mr. Phelan had two pastorates of tliis 
church, in all, tw<'nty-two years. He died in this city ten or 
fiiteen years ago, in the firm helief of the doctrine he had so 
long- preached. church is still doing- good work for the 
Master. Tliey have a handsome and convenient Meeting- 
house, lion. William D. Brayton, was a n^ember of this 
church when he died. He maintained his faith in Christ 
"to the last of earth." His father was an Associate Justice of 
the Supreme Court from 1827 to 1835, and his brother, Hon. 
George A. Brayton, Avas Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 
from 1868 to 1875. So we see that the v°llage of Apponaug 
has shared in the lionovs of the State. 

The First Monthly Meeting of the Society of Friends held 
in Warwick, on record, was in the house of John Briggs, in 
1699. Meetings were held in the house of Jabez Greene, 
probably until their Meeting-house was built. The Greenwich 
Monthly Meeting then embraced what is now the counties of 
Providen(;e, Kent and Washington in Rhode Island. They 
erected a Meeting-house sometime between 1716 and 1720. 
The Society of Friends although never very numerous in 
Rhode Island, yet they have always been a wealthy and an 
influential body in the State, and for molality and virtue, 
and integrity, they have no superiors. 

The Society of Friends, built a Meeting-house in the north 
jiart of Anthony village, Coventry, in 1826. The leading- 
men ill forming the church, and erecting the Meeting-hcmse 
wen? : Perez Peck, Daniel Anthony, Asa Sisson, Marenus 
Parker, Nicholas D. Greene, and some others who did not 
live in the village. Daniel Anthony, was an uncle of the late 

The Pavvtuxet Vallea. 273 

Senator Aiitlioiiy find tke Poet, so favorably spoken of, in 
our former paper. 

This Meeting-lioiise is a very modest affair, but perfectly 
consistent with the modest and unasuming principles of this 
worthy people. Many of the first citizejis of the village and vi- 
cinity, attended meetings there on the sabbath, and, although 
a]l of the original projectors and members, have all passed 
away, meetings are still held there as formerly. William 
Anthony, the father of the late Senator, always attended 
meetino's here as long; as he lived. 

A Meeting-house was built by the Society of Friends, in 
the town of Cranston, in the Shanticut brook valley about a 
half mile west of the Rail-road station now known as Oak 
Lawn, in 1732, and known as the Cranston Friend's Meeting- 
house. Regular weekly and monthly Meetings were held 
here by them until about 1860. In 1866, the Friends having 
most all died, their Meetings were discontinued. For more 
than one hundred years previous, it had been a noted place, 
Mrs. Anna Jenkins, a celebrated preacher of the Society, 
preached in this house, the sabbath before she was burnt to 
death, in her own house, with her oldest daughter. ( Novem- 
ber 20, 1849, ). It is said, that in this, her last sermon, she 
seemed to have a presentiment that this was to be her last 
appearence before the public. 

Lodowick Brayton bought the house and gave it to the 
Baptists, who have maintained meetings there ever since. 

They have recently built them a new and more commodious 
Meeting-house, and have an organized Baptist church there, 
whicdi is somewhat flourishing. 

274 Nakragansett Histohical Register. 

Tlie first Roman Catliolic oliiucli was commenced in Crom- 
pton, Sept. 21), 1844. It was a small building- located on the 
hill-side of the village overlooking the country for miles and 
was st}4ed the " Church of our Lady of Mount Carmel." 
This house was erected during the pastorate of Rev. James 
Fitton, but was soon placed under the pastoral care of Rev. 
James Gibson, who enlarged the church building, nuiking it 
108 feet long, by 50 feet wide. The church has a tower 
twelve feet square and forty-five feet high, containing a svveet 
toned bell, weighing 1400 pounds, and a pastoral residence 
thirty by twenty-eight feet, with a lot of land containing 
eight and a quarter acres, the wliole eiiclcsed by a handsome 
stone wall. 

Mr. Gibson has likewise erecte:! at River Point, another 
Roman Catholic church, thirty-one by forty-five feet. The 
Crom})ton parish has been divided into five separate parishes, 
each one with its handsome church ediface and its resident 

The Phenix Catholic parish, once a part of Crom]iton par- 
ish, was mads a separate one in 1858 aiid placed under the 
charge of Rev. Dr. Wallace. He remained pastor about 
seven years. The house to hold the meetings in was a small 
one, behig the foimer Episcopal church. It was soon too 
small to acconnnodate the large congregation, so Dr. Wallace 
puichased of the Baptist Society their Meeting-house. This 
too, has been a flourishing parish, as have most all the Ro- 
man Catholic parishes in the State. 

There is a Roman Catholic church in the villa<>e of Natic, 
erected about the year 1882. 

Another in tlie vilhige of Ap]>onaug. 

All these churches are Avell filled on the sabbath and are 
Avell sustained. 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 275 

There are two Second Advent cluirelies in the town of 
Warwick, one in Artie, the other in Natic villages, hut they 
have never accomplished any great ivork. 

There is a handsome village of six hundred inhabitants, 
located on the Great plain in Warwick, about three and a 
half miles south-west of the village of Pawtuxet and nearly a 
mile south-east of the Pawtuxet river, called " Hill's Grove," 
in honor of its enterprising founder, Thomas J, Hill, Esq. 
When he purchased tlie estate, there was but one farm house, 
where now are s'xty dwelling houses, a large cotton factory 
of twenty thousand spindles for the manufacture of thread 
and cotton yarn, and a large Maleable Iron Foundry; both 
these concerns employ three hundred and sixty-five hands, 
and turn off annually three hundred and fifty tliousand dol- 
Inrs worth of goods. William G. James, is agent. 

There is a Methodist Meeting-house here which is well 
filled on each returning sabbath. Rev, Mr. Anderson, is 
now pastor, who took the place of Rev. William Stetson, who 
was pastor for the three years previous. Mr. Hill, gave the 
lot and two thousand dollars towards building the house. 
His wife gave the furnishings for it. 

Mr. Hill has from twelve to fifteen men in his employ, 
who have each worked for him from twenty to forty-foui- 
years. This speaks well for both employer and employed. 
Not many concerns can make such a statement. 

Peleg Arnold and Abraham Sheldon, donated a peice of 
land for religious purposes in Pawtuxet in 1764 and 1765. 
It is not known, however, that a Meeting-house was erected. 
Probably there was such a house at that time. The Baptist 
Meeting-house was erected in Pawtuxet in 1803, but the 

276 Narkagansktt Historical Register. 

chmch w;is formed in 1806. The first pastor was Rev. 
Ferdinand Ellis, settled in 1807 and left in 1810. Next pas- 
tor was Rev. Bela Jacobs in 1811, who remained nntil 1818. 
Rev. Mr. Cnrtis, from 1818 to 1819, and then became pastor 
and left iu 1822. Rev. Flavel Shurtleff, was pastor from 
1822 to 1832. Then Rev. B. Minor, from 1833 to 1834. 
Rev. Abial Fisher, from 1834 to 1836. Several, other pastors 
have been settled over this church up to the present time. 
Amono- them were Rev. Foster Henry and Rev. J. B. Child. 
The present pastor is Rev. C. W. Burnham, who politely 
furnished me with most of the statistics relating to this church. 
The present Meeting-house was built in 1855 and 1856. Dr. 
Wayland assisted in the dedication. It now numbers one 
hundred and eight members. The house and lot have been 
very much improved within two years. The church now 
seems to be in a })rosperous condition. 

A small Episcopal church was formed here a few years 
since and this interest is still kept up. A flourishing church 
may yet grow out of this branch. 

The village of Pawtuxet was once a flourishing p,lace. The 
State Fair was held' here. The Baptist Meeting-house was 
the place where the addresses were delivered before the 
Rhode Island Society for the Encouragement of Domestic 
Industry. James, Gen. Christopher and William Rhodes, 
and Tully Dorrence, all early manufacturers, and other prom- 
inent men resided here. It wa« once a place of considerable 
coasting trade. It has a safe and protected harbor. The 
water power is considerable. The time is not distant when 
Pawtuxet village will rise to more importance than ever. 

Hon. Christopher S})encer, a resident of Old Warwick, kept 
a country store for forty-five years. He was a member of 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 277 

the Town Council for fifteen years and part of that time its 
President. He represented the Town in the State Legislature 
four years and was one of the ten Senators under the Old 
Charter Government four years and one year a Representa- 
tive under the present Constitution. In January 1844, he 
received twenty-six votes for United States Senator. He was 
a man of sound judgment and of the strictest integrity. He 
died honored and respected in 1870, aged eighty -seven years 
1 eking seven days. He was the father of William Spencer, 
who has been connected with the city Government, as Coun- 
cilman and Alderman, for sixteen years, and is the oldest 
Grocer in the city. 

Gidecn Spencer represented this Town in the Legislature 
several years, and was the originator and manufacturer of the 
famous medicine, known as " Spencer's Vegetable Pills." 

Hon. Thomas Remington represented the Town of War- 
wick in both branches of the State Legislature several years 
and stood deservedly high in the estimation of his townsmen. 

Capt. Elisha Brown represented the Town some years in 
the State Legistature and was highly respected. 

John R. Waterman represente 1 the Town in both bran- 
ches of the State Legislature and was very influential as a 
man and politician. 

The Town of Warwick has furnished the State with several 
Governors and Senators and Representatives in Congress, 
but none* more able or gentlemanly than the Hon, John 
Brown Francis. As a presiding officer he had no superior in 
the State. He was Governor from 1833 to 1838 and Senator 
in Congress from 1844 to 1845. He was noted for Lis be- 
nevolence and his assistance to those who needed aid. 

The following are names of some of the early settlers of 
the Town of Warwick. Gorton, Holden, Carder, Arnold, 

278 Nakragansett IIistouical Register. 

Greene, Potter, Warner. Spencer, Waterman, Rhodes, 
Barton, Holliman, Lipi)itt, Westcott, Brayton, Smith, 
Wickes, Stafford, Lowe, Collins, Holmes, Bnrton, Howard, 
Sweet, Wilbnr, Easton, Dyer, Baker, Hill, Coddington, 
Clark, Rice, Budlong, Porter, Field and Tibbetts. 

In onr First Paper, we spoke of the accidental death of 
Russell Biigg's, as the only accident of a disastrous nature 
wliicli happened for years in that valley, but now they are a 
common occurrence all through the country. The terrible 
calamity which has just happened at Johnstown, in the Cone- 
maugh valley Pennsylvania on the 31st. of last May, has 
lu'ought to mind a similar calamity which occurred at Hon- 
James F. Simmons's villages, in the town of Johnston forty- 
nine years ago. This was on the Pocasset River a tributary 
of the PaAvtuxet. In that case, his upper reservoir dam gave 
way in a severe rain storm and carried off four other dams 
below it, two dwelling liouses, the store building, his machine 
shop, and a slied. Eighteen persons were drowned. Every 
dead body was recovered, although one was not recovered 
until the June following. The accident occurred April 13, 
1840, about five o'clock in the morning. This was a dread- 
ful calamity and people talked about it for years afterwards, 
but as great as it was, the greatest that ever occurred in 
Rhode Island, up to that time or perhaps since, yet the dam- 
age in money, amounted to only twelve thousand dollars. 
This was thonght to be dreadful at the time, and so it was, 
but what was it to that which has just happened to the city 
of Johnstown, the villages of Cambria, Woodvale, Conemaugh, 
and others, in the Conemaugh Valley, Pennsyluania, where 
the loss of life will probably amount to ten thousand and the 
loss of property some thirty million dollars. No calamity 

The Pawtuxet Valley. 279 

equals it since the Christian Era, except the burying- up o£ 
Pompeia by the eruption of Mount Vesuvious, eighteen hun- 
dred years ago. The Ocean breaking the Dyke at Dort in 
Holland, A. D. 1445, when one hundred thousand persons 
were drowned. The Plague in London, in 1665, when 
68596 persons died. The Great Fire there in 1666, when 
13200 houses and 89 churches were burnt, covering over 
436 acres. 

There are now over forty-five churches in the Valley of the 
Pawtuxet and its branches, where the Narragansett Indians 
once roamed at large, hunting- the panther, bear, wolf, moose, 
deer, bufPalo and other wild game, and sometimes were en- 
gaged in bloody wars, which too often occurred between these 
savage tribes, who then claimed this pleasant country. This 
may account for the extreme barbarous and savage state, in 
which the aborigines of this country were found, when 
America was discovered. There is abundant evidence that 
a high state of civilization existed in the southern parts of 
America. By savage wars among themselves they degenera- 
ted into the exti^eme savage state our forefathers found them. 
It is peace, Christianity, social and commercial intercourse, 
which promotes a higher state of civilization. 

The American Continent had for unknown centuries re- 
mained an uncultivated waste, but now the Great and Benefi- 
cent Creator, looks down upon a country teeming with well 
cultivated fields. The rivers utilized, furnishing employment 
to many thousands. Flourishing cities and villages are alive 
with a thriving population. Elegant temples to worshij3 in 
from whence songs of praise and thanksgiving are now ascen- 
ding to heaven on every sabbath. In the language of Presi- 
dent Jackson, when he occupied the Executive Chair of the 


Nation, wo will say that " Although it is a sad though^ that 
we are treading on the graves of extinct niitions, yet the 
Great Creator of the Universe nuist look down with a smile 
of approbation on this great iniprovenie}it, made by European 
Protestant Christian civilization." All the world can exclaim, 
" See what the Lord hath wrought through the instrument- 
ality of Christian Men." 

We have slightly scanned over the valley of the beautiful 
and useful Pawtuxet, noting the improvements which have 
])een made since its first . settlement by the European races. 
We have derived a pleasure in thus reviewing its history, yet 
there is a tinge of melanchoi}^ in thus going over it, in the 
thought that those who laid the foundation of this great im- 
provement, have forever passed away, never to return here 
to witness the work, they have been the instruments of ac- 

The past never returns. It is the present and future, that 
loom up before us. We gaze on the past as we do on the 
setting sun. The sun will rise again tomorrow, but there is 
no morning to the past. It is one eternal night. We may 
truly say : 

Time hath rose in his might, spread his wings o'er the river, 
And like the eagle has flown in the distance afar. 
And gazes down on the waters he cannot destroy. 
The hills aiul valleys he has left there. 

The rocks and the trees, the fields and the meadows. 
With the wild flowers blooming as sweetly as ever, 
The sun wfll shine, and the rain fall upon them, 
But those who once enjoyed them, have left us forever. 

By Hev. S. P. MerrUl, Eochester, N. Y. 

^ HE name Wilcox, like all our patronymics is various- 
ly spelled. It is a name dating back to an early period 
Cf^^ in English history. 

Its first appearance so far as the writer's researches have 
yet extended, is at the battle of Agincourt, where one, " Wil- 
cox or Wilcott," ( both names being- giveji, ) is recorded as 
fnl'nishing three men at anus. Aiiother of the name is found 
as Court Physician to one of the Kings Charles. Another, in 
the last century, was a Bishop of the Church of England and 
Dean of Westminster Abbey, wherein he lies buried and his 
memory is commemorated by a fine monument erected by his 
son, the last of his family. 

In the English County histories, there are many of this 
name mentioned. 

Heraldry gives several Coats of Arms, as worn by Wilcox 
families. A few of these may \)q ixirtially indicated here in 
order to give a clue to any who may wish to pursue further - 

Berry's Encyclopedia Heraldica gives the Arms of Wilcocke, 
Lord of Mowthy, Wales, as a lion rampant etc. 

Of another, the Arms are an eagle displayed, and on a 
mount, a dove. ( Vol. I. page 31, 32. ) 

In the Heraldic Visitation of Wales, ( Vol, II. parj^ 242,) 
interesting references are made to Wilcox Coat of Arms. 
7 281 

282 Narragansktt Historical Register. 

Ill Burke's General Armory, there is given the Arms of 
Wilcocks, of Worcestershire, three cocks heads, erased, with 
a crest of the fleur-de-Hs. Also there is given the Arms of 
Wilcox, alias Nowers, of Liecestershire, 1732, a demi-eagle, 
displayed. Also the Arms of Wilcoxon, Arthur of Peckham, 
Rye, CO. Kent, Esq., a lion's gamb, erect, holding in paw a 
fleur-de-lis encircled by a wreath of oak. 

Also Wilcoxs, of Brighthingsea, co^ Essex, a lion rampant, 
between three crescents. 

Also Wilcoxs, of London and Shropshire, 1634, the same 
as above. 

Also Wilcoxs, of Kent, a lion rampant. 

There are several Wilcox families in the United States 
which have one or other of these Coats of Arms. F. W. 
Wilcox, of Kalamazoo, Michagan, has a Coat of Arms of 
Thomas Wilcox,of Tortenhane Court, High Cross, county of 
Middlesex, Eiioland. 

Mr. J. Freeland Wilcox, of Brooklyn, has a Coat of Arms 
and pedigree, beautifully copied in a handsomely bound vol- 
ume. Besides this, he has the Arms carved in wood, in the 
form of an elegant stand. 

This article however, employs itself chiefly with a brief and 
let us hope, as far as it goes, an accurate consideration of 

Tlie Wilcox Families oj America. 

Filial interest and patriotic pride are leading many persons 
in our day to investigate the records of tlie early settlement 
and history of our country with reference to their ancestral 
relation thereto. Moved by such an impulse, the writer, be- 
gan in 1885, to make researches as to the Wilcox Family, of 
which his mother was a descendent. 

The Wilcox Family. 283 

These researches have been pursued at odd moments snatch- 
, ed from the hours of a busy life. Hense the slow accumula- 
tion of the facts derived and the fragmentary nature of the 
v/ork at present. 

These papers are put forth as a Report of Progress, and as 
an Incentive to those acquainted with the facts and interested 
in the further pursuit of t3ie subject. It is with the hope 
that many may be led to co-operate in the effort to get all the 
records at hand that we offer the information here aff'orded. 

As we have seen, Wilcox and Wilcoxson are names of 
honor and renowji in Old England. Tliey are frequently met 
with in history of Town and Country, of Army and Navy, of 
Church and State. The families in several branches are 
known to heraldry. 

Because of these facts, it is no wonder that the name is 
found in the beginnings of our Colonial history. But that 
there should be so many of the name at this early period is 
to the writer an unexpected revelation. 

In general wo shjill make mention of these Fcimilles in the 
order in which they lip^ve appeared in the country. 

The Virginia Wilcoxes. 

The Virginia Wilcoxes are found at Jamestown, Va., as 
early as 1610. Michaell or Mihell, came that year at the age 
of thirty-one, in the ship Prosperous. In the Index of Pat- 
ents, at Richmond, Bk. I. p. 739, Michael appears as from 
Upper Norfolk Co., and assigns land, then in his possession. 
The records of this book date from 1623 to 1643. In con- 
nection with Mihell, Maudlin Wilcox is mentioned as at Bass's 
Choice, Va. 

In 1621, by the ship Concord, ( Bergen Family Geneal- 
ogy, page 45, note ^ ) came Elizabeth Wilcox. She is in 
this book conjectured to be the wife of Michael. 

284 Nauragansett Historical Register. 

Ill 1620, Captain John Wilcockes came in tlie Bona Nova 
to Accomac, Va. His wifes name Avas Temperance. Tliey 
emigrated from Plymouth, England. He nuide his will in 
Elizabeth City, September 10, 1622, as he intended going 
ao-ainst the Indians. His will was proved the last of Juno 
1628. In it he makes mention of his wife Tenjperance and 
his daughter-in-law Grace Burgess, legitemate daughter of 
his wife, and of his sisters Catharine and Susannah Wilcocks. 

In Hutton's list of names of the living 16th. Febuary 1623, 
is mentioned that of Captain John Wilcoxs, on the Eastern 
shore. From this it would appear, that John, of Va., left 
no sons at his death in 1628. 

On the 21st. of May, 1635, ( Button's Lists, page 80 ) 
Nico. Wilcoxs, aged 21, embarks in the Matliew, of London, 
for St. Christopher's. There is no evidence that he came to 
the Colonies. 

In 1638, September 11th., Richard Wilcox makes an as- 
signment of a patent for 700 acres of land lying in Cliicka- 
hominy .liver. ( Book I. page 758. ) This Richard was 
})erhaps the son of Michael. Of these settlers there are no 
doubt many descendants, but little is known of them to the 
writer. Sullevants Genealogy, is said by Derrie, to give their 
records, but no book by such an author, has been found in 
any of the many libraries consulted. 

71ie Two Williams. 

William, of Cambridge, Mass., and probably of Dorchester 
too at nearly the same time, was a freemen in 1636. In 1638, 
he is mentioned as being a member of the Ancient and Hon- 
orable Artillery Company. 

His wife was probably Mary Powell, and this marriage took 
place the 22nd. of January, 1650. He died the 28th. of 

The Wilcox Family. 285 

November, 1653. In liis will, ( New England His. Gen. 
Reg. Vol. XVI. page 76. ) no mention is made of anj 
children, or male descendents of the name. A memorandnm 
of debts dne his estate names Barbadoes, where he probablj' 
traded. It has been snpposed tliat this widow is the Mary 
Wilcox who married the 9th of January, 1C54, to Jacob El- 
liott, brother of John, the Apostle to the Indians. 

William Wilcoxson, with his wife Margaret and son John, 
then two years of age, came from St. Albans in Hertfordshire, 
England, by the ship Planter. They landed the 26th. of 
May, 1635-6, probably at Concord, Massachusetts. ( Orciitfs 
Brighton and Cambridge, 2^<^((/e 89. ) Though this as yet 
is not fully cei-tain. They removed to Windsor, Conn., and 
then to Stratford. On tlvAv arrival, William was aged thirty- 
four years and his wife tw enty-four. They became the parents 
of a large family of children and from them probably a laroer 
number can trace their descent, than those w ho are related to 
the Rhode Island Wilcoxes. Some slight differences in the 
order of the birth of tlieir children, as given by different re- 
cords render it difficult as yet to be assured of perfect accu- 
racy, but we hope to be able to get at the facts by means of 
this article. Savage gives them as John, Joseph, Samuel, 
Obadiah, Timothy, Elizabeth, Hannah, Sarah, Phebe. Judge 
Henry BealsWilcox, of Madison, Conn., gives them as Timot- 
hy, John, Joseph, Obadiah, Samuel Elizabeth, Sarah, Phe- 
be, Hannah. Both give nine as the number of children con- 
sisting of five sons and four daughters. 

John and Timothy, ( Dea. ) settled in Stratford, Conn., 
about 1713. Samuel w^ent to Simsbury as one of its j)roprie- 
tory settlers. To him with others, seemed the first patent for 
the land is made, and also the deed from the Indians. Joseph 

28<) Nakragansett Historical Register. 

settled in Killiiigwoith and 0])adiah in Madison, Conn. The 
children of Timothy were all daughters. From the other sons 
a large number of descendents have sprung with whom Con- 
necticut history has much to do. The name of this line was 
originally Wilcoxson, hut the last syllable was generally 
dro})ped about the middle of the eighteenth century. There 
is a line of the family however, which still retains tlie original 
name in full. 

The Two Jolnm. 

John, of Hartford, Conn., has the career of a wanderer. 
He is first in Dorchester, then he appears as one of the pro- 
prietory settlers of Hartford, where he lives in IGSO. His 
wife Mary is mentioned later on. In 1642 and 1644, he is 
surveyor of highways, a juror in 1643. In 1648, he is called 
Senior. ( Whitntore. ) He removed to Middletown, was 
CGUjplained of for not residing there, returned to Dorchester 
and came back again to Middletown, Conn,, ( Hartford 
Records, 'page 98.) His children are here given as Sarah, 
Lucy, Israel, Ephraim, Hester, Mary. The New England 
Historical Genealogical Register, Vol. XVI, page (^^, says, 
Richard, Samuel and Jolm. There was no doubt a son John 
who lived at Middletown. 

John, of Hartford, died before 1666. Scaeva's Hartford, 
page 296 says he died 14th. October 1651. The date of his 
birth has been given as 1595. He w^as, according to the 
Connecticut Colonial Records, a man of many lawsuits notices 
of wdiich may be found in Vol. II, as taking place in 1647, 
1()49, 165l>. This last date would be rather late for such 
actions if Scfveva's figures above were correct. 

The Wilcox Family. 287 

It would seem that the facts as to the history of John 
Wilcox, of Hartford, ought to challenge research by some one 
who loves Hartford history. His name stands recorded on 
the monument erected in Hartford by the Ancient Burying 
Ground Association, to its first settlers. 

John, of Rhode Island. 

We believe that this is the first time that the name John 
Wilcox has been given as that of one of the first settlers of 
Rhode Island, but we believe that the facts here set forth 
will show that the first settler of Narragansett, along with 
Roger Williams as a trader, was not Edward Wilcox, but 
John Wilcox. It will be seen that he also was a oreat wan- 
derer, now appealing in Virginia, ( probably ) and now at 
the Deleware, in the Swedish Governor's Colony. He is 
found also in Manhattan and was probably the owner of a 
farm at Breshwick, L. I., before 1638. He is the owner of 
the ship Abigail. As a trader he is evidently a sturring, 
driving, somewhat unscrupulous man. He has many suits at 
law, especially in the years 1G45, 46, 47, 48, as set forth in 
the Calendar of Dutch Manuscripts at Albany. It is from 
this Calendar, page 95, that in the year 1645, July 15th., it 
is recorded that Richard Smith coniplains that deft. John 
Wilcox traded contrary to contract at his trading house. The 
case was referred to arbitration. It appears that Richard 
Smith's trading house among the Dutch Avas burned, August 
30, 1646. There was a case of Thomas Stevensen vs. Elias 
Perkman, for two-thirds of a ship; at the request of Mr. Smith 
and Mr. Wilcox, the case is referred to arbitration. 

On the 17th. of August. John Evans, of New Haven, mer- 
chant, vs. John AVilcox, for the delivery of the ship Abigail, 
defendant, says he is prepared to deliver said vessel on receipt 

288 Narkagansett Histokical Register. 

of payment; judgement for plaintiff; defendant to obtain se- 
curity from Gov. Prentz for the payment of a note dated 6, 
April 1646. The association of the names of Richard Smith 
and John Wilcox, in the action above set forth, and in others 
not named, from the date given, when it was known that 
Richard Smith and a Wilcox had a trading house at Narra- 
gansett, would seem to be proof sufficient for the assumption 
made above, i. e. that the Wilcox named in Arnold's Rhode 
Island History, Vol. I, page 463, " as the pioneer in Nar- 
ragansett," is the John Wilcox who preceeded Richard Smith 
some years. 

Taking the records we have already found in regard to this 
John Wilcox, ( and the field has not been gone over by any 
means ) it is evident that this John Wilcox, was a man of 
mature years at the settlement of Narragansett. Why may 
it not be that Edward Wilcox, of Aquidneck, 1638, Daniel, 
of Little Compton, 1634, and Stephen, of Portsmouth, were 
sons of this John, of Narragansett? 

Other llhode IsJanfl' Wilcoxes. 

From the Colonial Records, the Genealogies, and Austin's 
Genealogical Dictionar}^, there ai'e three names of Wilcoxes 
who deserve to be recorded as among the first settlers. Cf 
these, prior mention is made of Edward. We are told ( by 
Au.stin ) that this name was in a list of inhabitants of Aquid 
neck about 1638. Considering the early mention of his name 
and that he is said to have been the same Edward later on at 
Kings Towne, there seems to be very little known of bins. 
Vol. XII, page 238, of the New England Historic-Genealog- 
ical Register, gives Edward as one of the early settlers of 
Westerly, Rhode Island, in a list of the free inhabitants. May 
18, -166!). 

The Wilcox Family. 289 

Stephen Wilcox, ( Austin )born 1633, lived at Portsmouth 
and Westerly, R. I. In 1G57 and 1658, he is recorded as 
the owner o£ land. He was married to Hannah Hazard in 
1658, the same year that he was made freeman. In 1670, 
he was chosen a Deputy. Mr. J. Freeland Wilcox, of Brook- 
lyn, in his handsomely bound pedigree, gives this Stephen, 
as son of Dionislus, but as this is the only appearance so far 
as I kn:)w of this name it can hardly be so. William A. 
Wilcox, Attorney, of Scranton, Penn., makes Stephen to be 
the son of Edward above, and he has published a pamphlet 
of pedigree in which he mentions the children of Stephen and 
Hannah ( Hazard ) . Two lists are given, oue as Edward, 
Thomas, Daniel, William, Stephen, Hannah, Jeremiah; the 
other gives Edward, Stephen, William, Lydia. This Step- 
hen died in 1690. He is on record as being sued for unlaw- 
fully holding five hundred acres of land belonging to Harvard 
College, as claimed by Massachusetts. 

Daniel Wilcox appears as a member of the Grand Inquest 
at Newport from Portsmoutli, R. I., in March 1643. ( R. 
I. Col. Rec, Vol. I, pacje. 76. ) He lived also at Tiverton 
and at Dartmouth, Mass. He married ( Austin ) 28th. Nov- 
ember 1661, Elizabeth Cook. His death occurred 2nd. of 
July 1702. From the year 1613 and the event then mentioned 
we give no record of his whereabouts until ( Ai(stin( in 1656 
when he had a grant of one hundred and fifty acres of land. 
In 1658, he made a sale of some land to Thomas Lawton. 
In 1661, he is married. His history can be traced from year 
to year in a very active life. At the organization of the Town 
of Tiverton, 2nd. of March 1692, he was present. We are 
disappointed not to be able to give the record of the years 
between 1613, when his first appearance in public life is noted 

200 Nakkagansett Hitiorical Recisier. 

and the year 1656. Doubtless careful research in this direc- 
tion will be rewarded. We cannot give the names of his 
children, but there is a will published by Austin, page 424, 
which is proved 25th. of August 1702, the year of his death, 
which makes mention of children in the following order : 
Daniel, Samuel, Stephen, John, Susannah, Edward, Thomas, 
Mary, ( wife of John Earle, ) Lydia, Sarah, ( wife of Edward 
Briggs, ) Joseph, making eleven children in all. 

In connection with our supposition as to John Wilcox the 
trader, we call attention to the fact that in the early genealo- 
gies given by Austin, Hannah, who married Samuel Clark, 
had a son John, Mary Earle, had a son John, Stephen, had a 
son John, John, had a son John. This frequent occurrence 
of the name strongely indicates an ancestor of tliat name. 

The Passaic WIJ coxes of N^cio Jersey. 

Littell's Passaic Valley, has an account of the " Peter Wil- 
coxse Family." This immigrant is said to have come from 
England. The settlement in wdiat is known as Fellsville, was 
made by English settlers about 1720. Peter was one of t^ie 
first settlers. At about tLe same tin e with him, came Janses 
Badgley and his sister from Long Island. TLis sister, Phebe, 
was soon afterwards married to Peter Wilcoxse. In 1736, 
there was surveyed to Peter Wilcoxse four hundred and twen- 
ty-four acres of land along the East Shore of Blue Brook. 
The book named gives several incidents regarding this early 
settlement and also contains the names of many descendents. 
Their children were: Peter, William, John, Stephen, Sarah. 

The Wilcox Family. 291 

Tlionms Wilcox, of England, settled fit Ivy Mills, Peiin. 
in the year 1727. His wife's name was Elizabeth Cole. They 
have published a Lithographic Chart of Pedigree. This fam- 
ily established the celebrated Paper Mills which have been 
claimed to be the first erected in this country, but the claim 
cannot we think be substantiated. The history of these mills 
is interesting in connection with the early supply of papier to 
the Government and to Benjamin P'ranklin, printer. 

Other Wilcoxes. 

John Wilcox, of Halifax, N. S., mentioned as coming to 
Wells Vt. and settling on the north line of the town of Paw- 
let, in the year 1780, we believe to be one of the descendents 
of earlier Wilcoxes before nnmed. He had a large family, 
says Holister. 

In Briggs' history of Concord N. Y., page 48, mention is 
made of John Wilcox, born in England in 1757 and coming 
to America in the early days of the Revolution. He enlisted 
and served in our Army until the close of the war. He mar- 
ried Mary Crosby of New York city and lived in that city 
for several years, removing thence to Litchfield, Herkimer 
Co., N. Y., and from there to Sardinia, Erie Co., N. Y., in 
1813. They had eleven children; John, Charles, Henrietta, 
Jeremip.h, Hurain, Samuel, Oliver, Mary, Roswell, Polly, 
Charles. We believe from these nam^s that this family came 
from Connecticut. 

The Dedham, ( Mass. ) Records, make mention of Edward 
Wilcox, a settler who was a native of England and died in 
Dedham the 2nd. of January 1827. 

202 Naruagansett Hi: toiucal Register. 

William Wilcox and his wife Margaret ( McGiiire ) with 
their chiklreii Edward, William and Robert, came to this 
country from Duhlin, Ireland, eth. July 1831. They lived 
in Jersey City, N. J. Three other children, Julia Ann, 
Harriet and Robert 2nd., were born in this country. 

William Wilcox, of Shorebrook, Canada, cfime first to 
New York city, then removed to. Illinois, whence he returned 
to Buckjistleigh, Devonshire England, his hcn)e. In 1868, 
he came back to America and made his residence at Shore- 
bvook. His son, William Henry Wilcox, at Mankato, Minn., 
where he settled in February 1880, He came with his father 
to. this country. 

Gavin Rowett McGregor Wilcox, was a native of New- 
ton, Stewart, Kerkenbrigh, Scotland. His parents were John 
Wilcox and Jessie McGregor. He married at Newburgh, 
N. Y., 20tli. of November 1872, Alice Elvira Van Duser. 
They have several children. 

Diivid Wilcox, also a resident of Newburgh, N. Y., w^as a 
native of Predsey near Leeds, in England. He came to this 
country 11th. of August 1874. He married in England first 
Martha Hustler, second Mary Amelia Fonchard, 3d. of July 
1872. The Carverly old parish records contain the records 
of the family. The children are Hannah, Anthony, Louisa, 
Caroline and John. 

A nephew of the above, Walter M. Wilcox, came to this 
country in 1878. He also lives at Newburgh, N. Y. 

At Comstock, Kalamazoo Co., Michagan, reside Abraham 
Wilcox jind his wife, Sarah ( Tuckett ) Wilcox. They are 
natives of PoUemore, Devonshiie, England, where their ances- 

The Wilcox Family. 293 

tral records may be foiiiKl. Their family has consisted of 
eight children: Eliza, John, William, Celia, Anna, Fanny, 
Jane, Edward, Arthur, of whom all are living but the last. 

John Pickwick Wilcox, lives in Chicago, Illinois. He is 
a native of Holt, Wiltshire, England. 

He was born 2nd of June, 1829. He married Erurua Dm- 
ran, of Banbury, Oxfordshire, England. They came to Chi- 
eaoo, Illinois, in 1855. Their children are: Marian , Alrua, 
Alice, May. 

James Philip Wilcox, is a resident of Chicago, Illinois, to 
which city he came in August 1867. He is a native of 
Plymouth, England, where he was born 2nd. of October 1852. 
He married Jst. of April 1885, Alice Thomas, of Chicago. 
They have one child, Philip Allen. 

In conclusion we may say, that in the hands of Ahisley 
Wilcox, Attorney, of Buffalo, N. Y., Judge Henry Beals 
Wilcox, of Madison, Conn., Mr. Wilbur, of Rochester, N. Y., 
Alney Stone of Westford, Vt., J. Freeland Wilcox, of Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., William A. \Vilcox, Attorney, of Scranton, Pa., 
The Rev. H. E. Hayden, of Wilkesbarre, Pa., there are 
more or less full records. It is hoped that this publication 
may lead to finding others who have preserved the facts re- 
garding their ancestry. 

The names of immigrants of the name af Wilcox show that 
representatives have came from various counties of England, 
as well as from Ireland and Scotland. 

In fact the English County and Town histories - and the 
early lists of births marriages and deaths -- and the visitations 
of the Seventeenth Century show that the name was a fre- 
quent one. 

Ilil Nathan D. Bates, Noriokh, Coun. 
United States Marshal, District of Connecticut. 

HTrjIf ILLIAM TORREY, Weymouth, Massachusetts, 
^\n/^ 1G40, came there that year from Combe St. Nicho- 

(JXS^ las, ill the county of Somerset, England. His wife 
was Elizabeth Frye, daughter of Edward Frye. Brought with 
them their sons Samuel and Joseph. He was admitted free- 
man of Massachusett 18, 1G42, member of General Court 
1G42 and very often afterwards, was early Lieutenent and la- 
ter Captain, was Clerk of the General Court of Massachusetts 
1G50, and often afterwards. His will of May ]5, 1686, 
named his eldest son Samuel, Executor. 

SAMUEL TORREY, eldest son of Captain Willir.m Toi- 
rey, of Weymouth Mass., came in early youth with his father 
1640, and took his A. B. at Harvard College in 1G60, was 
ordained 14tli Feb'y, 1665, to succeed the Rev. Thomr.s 
Thacher at the town of Hull, Mass., was chosen President of 
Harvard College, 1681, after the death of President Oakes 
and again after the death of President Rogers . He married 
May 15, 1657, Mary, daughter of Edward Rawson, Secretary 
of the Colony of Massachusetts. Having preached about 
fifty years, died April 21, 1709. 


The Tori ey Family. 295 

JOSEPH TOEEEY, sou of Capt, V^illiam Tonty, of 
Weymoutlij Mass., removed from Weymouth to Rehoboth, 
Mass., ill 1653 or earlier, from RelioLotli removed to New- 
port, Rhode Island, was General Recorder of the Colony of 
Rhode Island 1654 and often afteiAvards. With others met 
Denison of Ccnnectitut and Davenport of Massachusetts, 
Commissioners, in 1664, at Rehoboth, Mass., about question 
of jurisdiction of Mass., Conn, and Rhode Island, was Lieut- 
tenant 1670, sent with John Greene and others Commission- 
ers to adjust bounds with Connecticut, was Ruling- Elder at 
tlie time of his death 1676, of the church of Rev. John 
Clark, Newport, R. I. lie married the eldest daughter of 
John Greene, of Newport, R. I. 

REV. JOSEPH TORREY, son of Kev. Samuel Torrey, 
and his wife Mary Rawson, was born at PIull, Ma,ss., 1706, 
graduated at Harvard College, died at Tower Hill, South 
Kingstown, R. I., November 25, 1791, aged 85 years and 
the 61 year of his ministry, and is buried at Tower Hill. He 
married May 30, 1730, Elizabeth Willson, daughter of Jere- 
miah Yv^illson, of Tower Hill, South Kingstown, R. L, The 
officiating clergyman was the Rev. Dr. McSparran of the 
Episcopal Church ( known as Saint Paul's Church Narragan- 
sett. ) By this marriage he was connected to the large 
families of Willson, Robinson, Miimfoid, Potter, and Fanning 
of Kings Toivne, R. I. 

The church where he (fficiated, steed on Tower Hill, and 
was formed 17, May 1732, Mr. Torrey, was ordained the 
same day by Rev. Samuel Niles, of Braintree, Rev. Thomas 
Prince, of Boston, Mass. and Rev. Searing, of New- 
port, R. I, He practiced medicine at the same time and was 
usually called " Dr. Torrey." His residence was about one 

296 Narragansett Hibtobical Register. 

milo west of Tower Hill, on tlie road leading to Kingston 

By his wife Elizabeth Willsoii lie had seven children, 
•loseph, Samuel Hokkn, Oliver, ( died young ), Elizabeth, 
Aiiji, Mary, and Lucy. He afterw^ards married for his se- 
cond w5fe, Elizabeth Fisk, daughter of the Rev. John Fisk, 
of Killingly, Connecticut. By this last marriage the Rev. 
Joseph Torrey had eight children; John Fisk, Oliver, V/il- 
liam, Abigail, Sai-ah and Elizabeth. Two died young. 

It will be noticed that the Rev. Jost} h Torrey had two 
wives Elizabeth, two daughters EHzabttli and two sons Oliver. 
All of the Rev. Joseph Torrey 's sons removed to Kiliingly, 
Conn. His son Joseph Torre}', married, a daughter of the 
Rev. John Fisli, cf Killingly, Cciin., a sister of his father's 
second wife. His Second son. Dr. Samuel Holden Torrey, 
married A'nne Gould, of Branford, Conn., His Third ^on, 
Oliver Torrey, married Tamer Davis, of Thompson, Conn., 
His Fourth son, Capt. William Torrey, married Hannah 
Plank, of Killingly, Conn. His daughters: Elizabetli married 
Edward Adams of Killingly, Conn.; Ann married Thomas 
Hawkins, of South Kingstown, R''. I. Mary married Captain 
William W. Pollock, of South Kingstown, R. I. Lucy m:irried 
the Rev. Mr. Osgood, of Boston, Mass., Abigail a.nd Sarah, 
nuirried brothers named Willson, settled in Ohio and ci-d soon 
after. Elizabeth lived single and died November ."0, 1808. 

Note. Major Jos(^pli W. Torrey, grandson of the Rev. 
Joseph Torrey, married Caroline Collins, daughter of Gov- 
Charles Collins, of Newport R. L 

Kxtracts frovi Rev. Joseph Torrei/s WUL 

IMie will of Rev. Dr. Torrey was dated July 18, 1788, and 
directs his executor to sell his Mansion House at Tower Hill, 

The Torrey Family. 297 

as soon as possible, gives one half of his estate to son Joseph, 
of Killingly, Conn. To his son John Fisk Torrey, his house, 
and fifty acres of land in Killingly, Conn., also his horse and 
saddle. To his grand-daughter Ann Hawkins, twenty Span- 
ish milled dollars. To each of his daughters Mary Pollock, 
Abigail Willson, Sarah Willson, Elizabeth Torrey, and to his 
grand-daughter Sarah Osgood, only child of daughter Lucy 
Osgood, fifty Spanish dollars. To his daughter Elizabeth 
Torrey, all his household furniture. By Codlcal, gives twen- 
ty Spanish milled dollars to his grand-daughter Ann Hawkins 
and unto the rest of the children of my daughter Ann Haw- 
kins, one twelfth part of my books. A few other articles 
inventored, was tw'o gold rings, gold sleave buttons, gold shoe 
buckles, gold knee buckles, spinning wheel, loom and warp- 
ing bars. Makes lis son Joseph, of Killingly, Connecticut, 

( From rrohate Records Soutli Khigstoivn, H. I. ) 

A Genealogy of the Farnhcmi Family. 

The Rev. J. M. W. Farnham, D. D., of Shanghai, China, 
has compiled a small work relating to the Fainham Family. 
It makes a very good beginning and we trust that the work 
may grow larger and a future edition contain the name of 
every member. That such works are more and more in de- 
mand is apparent, and no one can do his family more lasting 
honor than by doing work of this character. However small 
the work may be at first, it will often prove an incentive in 
after years of producing a larger and more elaborate edition. 
We feel that this little book vv^ill lead to just such a desirable 




Btj John 0. Austin. 

^ HE writer lias already published an account of this 
^yfC family to the fourth generation, One of the branches 
(2§<; ,vill now be followed to more recent times. It will 
be remembered that the emigrant ancester James:^Weeden/ 
was in Newi3ort as early as 1648, where Ins son William,^ 
died in 1676, leaving among other children, a son ihomas, 
Avho died Dec. 28, 1714. The line that it is proposed to 
follow commences with Samuel,^ son of Thomas,^ last men- 

1. SAMUEL WEEDEN,^ [ Thomas,^ William,^ James/] 
of Newport, R. I., was born in 1700 and married at Trinity 
Church June 5, 1729, Rnth Everson. He died July 17, 
1774. He was Town Crier for forty-five years. Samuel 
Weeden and wife Ruth had : 

I Thomas,'^ b. Nov. 15, 1729, m. Mary 


i Samuel;' b. May 19, 1759. 
ii Buth,'^ b. 

His wife " Molly," was baptized at Second 
Baptist Church, Newport, Dec. 3. 1769, 
and seven days later children Samuel and 
Ruth. 298 

The Weeden Family. 299 

II Maiiy,'^ b. Nov. 13, 

2. Ill George,^ b. Apr. 3, 1737. 

3. IV Samuel,^ b. Oct. 11, 1738; m. ( 1 ) Abigail 

Laiigworthy, July 3, 1760; ( 2 ) Abigail 
Price, Nov. 1, 1792. 

2. GEORGE WEEDEN,^ [ Samuel,^ Thomas,^ William,^ 
James,^ ] of Newport, R. I., was born April 3, 1737, He 
had the following children baptized at Trinity Church. Geo- 
rge, Sept. 29, 1763, Isaac and Sarah, Nov. 5, 1766, James 
and Rnth, Mar. 5, 1773, and William Broad Weeden, Sept. 
29, 1782. The parents names are not given except in the 
case of the last child baptized. He was called " son of Geo- 
rge Weeden." The census of 1774, gives George Weeden's 
family as nine in all, viz : one male above sixteen years, four 
males under sixteen, one female above sixteen, two females 
under sixteen, one Indian. 

Georpe Weeden anl wife had : 

^4. I George,^ b. 1763, m. Esther Dunham, Mar. 

26, 1786; ( 2 ) Celinda Farnum, Dec. 31, 

II IsAAC,*^ b. 1764, ( about ) m. 

His daughter Lydia,' married Mr. Walcott, 
and Ann," married Jesse Comstock. He 
removed to New York. 
Ill Sarah,^ b. 1766, ( about ) m. William Bab- 
cock, of Newport, R. I. 
5. IV James,*^ b. Apr. 11, 1770, m. ( 1 ) Elizabeth 

Smith, Apr. 25, 1792, ( 2 ) Lydia 

V RuTH,« b. 1772, { about ) 
VI William Broad," 
VII Peleg,*' 


Naruagansett Historical Register. 

S SAMUEL WEEDEN,^ [ Samuel,'^ Thomas;^ William,^ 
James/ ] was bom Oct. 11, 1738, at Newport, R. L, where 
he married ( 1 ) July 3, 1760, Abigail Langworthy; ( 2 ) 
Nov. 1, 1V92, Abigail Price, He died at Providence Nov. 
15, 1813. He was a cooper and ganger. He had his son 
Thomas baptized at Second Baptist Chnrch Newport, July 
21, 1772, and his wife and the following children Ang. 1, 
1774; James, fonrteen years; Abigail, twelve years; Mary, 
nine years; and Hannah six years. 

Ang. 25, 1785, he of Providence, and Mary Davis, wid- 
ow, sold to Daniel Lyman, for five shillings, a lot oE land in 
Newport, bounded westerly on Broad street, easterly on 
Spring street, northerly on land of John G. Wanton, and 
southerly on land of Isaac Lawton. 

The Providence Gazette, in noticing his death, states that 
he was a ganger at the Custom House from the time that 
Rhode Island came nito the Union until his death. Admin- 
istration on his estate was taken by his widow Abigail and 
grandson Samuel Weeden Coates. The account showed a 
house on Planet street renting for forty dollars a year. Re- 
ceipts were given by heirs. 

Samuel Weeden and wife Abigail had : 

I James,'^ b. Oct. 30, 1760, m. Margaret Dawley, 
July 1794, at Exeter. R. I., daughter of James 
Dawley, late of Newport. He died at Providence, 
in March 1810. Administration on his estate 
was taken by his father at request of the widow. 
A son, George Washington Weeden," left de- 
scendants now living. 
II Abigail,*' b. 17(52, m. Nathaniel Bailey, May 8, 

HI Mary,*' b. 1765. 

The Weeden Family. 301 

IV Hannah/ b. 1768, m. Captain Daniel Coates, 

Oct. 12, 1790. 
V Thomas,*^ d. yonng-. 

VI Willi AM,*5 ni. He died in 1829 at Provi- 
dence, R. I., leaving- a son William,' for whom 
James 0. Barney was guardian, 

4. GEORGE WEEDEN,*^ [ George,'^ Samuel,* Thomas;^ 
William,^ James,^ ] of Providence, R. I., was born at New- 
port, R. I., in 1763; m. ( 1 ) Esther Dunham, March 26, 
1786, at Newport, daugliter of Benjamin Dunham. ( 2 ) 
Celinda Farnum, Dec. 31, 1809, at Providence. He died a^ 
Providence, tlune 18, 1821. His first wife was born 1763, 
and died Aug. 26, 1808. His second wife died in 1855. 
He was a baker. In 1794, he bought land in Providence 
north side of Olney's Lane. The Obituary notice in Provi- 
dence paper states that the burial would take place from 
Market St., on Sunday the 26tli. instant, after Divine service. 
George Weeden and wife Esther had : 

I George Evehson," b. Feb. 12, 1787, m. Ann 
Frances Randall, Oct. 16, 1808, daughter 
of Stephen and Lucina ( Winsor ) Randall. 
He died Sept. 13, 1825. His wife was born 
June 4, 1789, died April 16, 1807. 
II Mary,' b. Jan. 18, 1789, m. Joseph Cowing-^ 
June 24, 1811. 

III Benjamin Dunham," b. Dec. 15, 1792, m. 

Cornelia Sowle, Nov. 13, 1816. 

IV Henry Davis,'^ b. Jan. 27, 1793, m. Joanna 

Alger, Dec. 4, 1817. 
V Enos Hitchcock,' b. Feb. 13, 1803. 

Georgfe Weeden and wife Celinda had 

302 Narragansett Historical Register. 

VI Sarah," h. July 26, 1812, m. Philip Case, Nov. 
24, 1829.' 

5, JAMES WEEDEN,'^ [George,'^ Samuel,^ Thomas,^ 
William,- Jaiiies,^ ] of North Providence, R. I., ( village of 
Pawtiieket ) , was born April 11, 1770, at Newport, R. I., 
He married ( 1 ) April 25, 1792, Elizabeth Smith, daughter 

of David Smith. ( 2 ) Lydia He died Dec. 9, 1819. 

He w-as a baker, and the establishment founded by him has 
been deservedly famous for its gingerbread, &c., to the pre_ 
sent time. In 1794, he bought bind in North Providence 
and in 1805, 1810 and 1811, he and wife Elizabeth sold land. 
In 1819, his widow, Lydia, desired that administration on the 
estate might be given to his son, James Weeden, Jr. This 
family of Pawtucket Weeilens should not be confounded with 
that of the late John Hull Weeden. The latter was from 
another branch, his descent being thus; John Hull Weeden/ 
[ John,*' Daniel,'^ Daniel,* John,'' William,^ James. ^] 

James Weeden and wife Elizabeth had: 






John Smith,' 




Mary Ann ,b. 1799. 












Ihj John (). Atcsthi. 
Much light upon family relationships is often given by the 
Avills of Avidows and spinsters, and notably so by the four in- 
struments here submitted to the readers of this magazine. 

Win of Ilnimah Cm'r,[ Widow of Edward;' Gov. C(deh}^ 

Wills of Newport Women. 303 

Dated 1748, proved 1752. She mentions sons, Edward 
and James; danghters, Hannah Watson, wife of Samnel Wat- 
son, of Sonth Kingstown; Mary Chapman, wife of Isaac Chap- 
man, of Newport; Mercy Brown, wife of Samnel Brown, of 
South Kingstown; Patience Westgate, wife of Robert West- 
gate, of Warwick; and Sarah Waterman, wife of Resolved 
Waterman, of Warwick. 

Will of Mary Coggeshall, [ Widoto of John,^ Joshua^ 
John} ] 

Dated 1740, Mar. 4, proved 1747, June 1. Exs., brother 
Benjamin Stanton, and Edward Thurston. She mentions 
sons, John, Joshua and Joseph, ( of Jamestown, ) daughter 
Mary Weaver, wife of Thomas Weaver, of Newport; Hannah 
Weaver, wife of Benjamin Weaver, of Newpor; Mercy Fish, 
wife of Thomas Fish, of Dartmouth; son-in-law Peleg Wood, 
of Newport; daughters. Avis and Humility Coggeshall. 

Will of Mary Cole, Sjnnster, [ Daughter of John and 
Ann {Hutchinson ) Cole.'] 

Dated about 1720. She mentions sister Eldred's dauohters, 
Elizabeth, Grace and Bridget; sister Potter's daughter Susan- 
na; sister Place's daughters Marbury and Ann; brother Wil- 
liam's daughters Ann and Hannah; and gives a legacy also 
to Lydia, daughter of Henry Bull. 

Will of Sarah Mosher, [ Widoto of Hugh,^ Hugh, 
also Widow of John Harding'^, Stephen,^ who was the fat- 
her of her children. ] 

Dated 1716, May 1, proved 1716, June 4. Ex., friend John 
Odlin. She mentions son Israel Harding, daughters Elizabeth 
Williams, Mary Hookey, Amey Clarke, and Hannah Medbury, 
and son-in-law Stephen Hookey. 

304 Narragansett Historical Register. 


Editor of tliu Register. Can you or any of your readers 
give me any information concerning Mr. John Spencer,^ who 
came from London to New England in the ship Mary and 
John, about the year 1633. Who were his parents or the 
date of his birth. 

2. Whose son was John Spencer,^ tliat John,^ in his will, 
( at Salem, Mass. ) mentions as his nepliew and heir. Who 
were his, John,^ parents, or date of his birth. What was the 
maiden name of his wife, Susannah, and whose daughter was 
she. At what time did John,^ leave Massachusetts for New- 
port, R. I., where he was made freeman 1668, and settled in 
East Greenwich, R. I., 1677. 

3. What was the maiden name of Martha, the wife of 
Benjamin,^ third son of John.^ What was the date of their 
marriage. Their first child, Peleg,'* was born 1696. 

4. Who was Lydia, wife of Wilson,^ Walter,^ Benjamin,^ 
aud what the date of tlieir marriage. Their first child, Henry ,^ 
was born Aug 15, 1750. B. B. Spencer. 

East Greenwich, R. I. 

Tkt Hhodt Island Ilistorlccd T.racts, Second Series. 

We are please to observe that Mr. Rider has commenced 
the publication of the Second Series of the above interesting 
work. His first number is a grand one and firmly nails one 
well known misrepresentation of our early settlers. We wish 
there were more men like Mr. Rider in our State. He is one 
who writes on Rhode Island subjects and has long been inter- 
ested in the publication of Rhode Island works. In the suc- 
cessful pu])lication of the Ilistoricel Tracts alone, he has done 
our State History an invaluable service. Numerous other his- 
torical works bear witness to his energy, industry and business 
management. May he meet with success in this new venture. 


By Henry E. Turner, M. D., JSTewjwrt, E. I. 

Governor John Cranston. 

/^ MONG those of the early settlers of Aquidneck, no 
iiamo has ])(eu luuuled down, tjiovo clos'jly identified 
with Rhode Island History or entitled to more hon- 
orable notice, by her citizens, than that of CRANSTON, 
iniisnuich as it nut anly represents iin ancient and diotingnish- 
ed family for many generations and in many lines prominent 
in Scottish affairs, but a^so is a worthy branch of the stock 
planted on the soil of Rhode Island by Governor Jeremiah 
Clarke, vanons others of whose descendants have been, and 
still continue to be, important elements in our social and po- 
litical fabric. 

According to the traditions of the family, verified by the 
researches of the late Hon. Theodore Foster, formerly a dis- 
tinguislied citizen of Providence and for many years a Senator 
in t!ie United States Congress, John Cranston, t]ie settler, 
was a lineal descendant, in the fifth generation, from Sir 
V/illiam Cranston, Captain in the Kings Guard, created Ba- 
ron Cranstown of Creling, by King James VI, of Scotland. 
James, a younger son of First Lord, William Cranstown, mar- 
10 305 


Nahkagansett TIisroRU'Ai. Rfx;istku. 

vied Elizabeth St,uart, (laughter of, Earl of Bothwell 
^vho was o-randson of James V., with tlie Lar sinister and 
nenhew of^Mary, Queen of Scots. His son John Cranston, 
nvirriea with Christian, daughter of Sir Rohert Stuart, pre- 
decessor of the Earl of Traquair, also of the Royal Stuarts. 
His son James, father of Governor John Cranston, was Chap- 
lain to King Charles L, of England and Scotland. The wife 
of First Lord, William Cranston, was Helen, a daughter of 
.lames Lindsey predecessor of the Earls of Crawford. 

This pedigree being coirect, which, as it seems to me, there 
is very little^eason to doubt, the blood of the Cranstons may 
be traced back through the Royal Lines of both England and 
Scotland, to a period as far back as history reaches, with many 
ramifications through the historic families of Scotland. 

To US Republicaiis these a,re matters of a.pparently little 
morrerd, but 1 have referred to them chiefly from deference 
to Mr. Foster's laborious and exhaustive examination of the 
subject, which is inteiuled to be given to the public, without 
alteration, but with such notes as may seem to be required. 
Cxovernor Cranston was born in 1625 and died Mar. 12, 
1680, aged 54 years. His wife, Mary Clarke, was daughter 
of Jeremiah and Francis, and was born 1641 and was there- 
fore sixteen years his junior. She died April 7, 1711, aged 
69 years. She married after his death John Staiit(;r,, beirg 
his second wife. John Cranston's name first appears on the 
Colonial Record, as elected drummer, Mar. 13, 1644, at that 
time his age was about nineteen years. This does not strike 
us as a very dignified position for a youth claiming so much 
royal and aristocratic blood, but. bear in mind that his father 
is reputed to have been Chaplain to Charles I., a position 
which would not be likely to recommend him to much favor 
either in England or Scotland, both which, at this time, were 

Gov. John Cranston. 307 

under the doniiiiatioii of the most furious disciples of puri- 
tanism and democracy. The collateral branches of a noble 
house, therefore, under such a condition of affairs, may well 
be supposd to have been in not very flourishing circumstances. 

The next promotion of Cranston was ten years later, when 
he was elected Attorney General, May 16, 1654. He was 
reelected to this office in 1655. 

He was Commissioner from Newport, in 1655, Cyij, 57, 60, 
61, 63, 64, 65, 66, and Assistant in 1669, 70, 71, and 
was elected an Assistant May 7, 1674, but declined to serve. 

May 1, 1672, he was elected Duputy Governor and also 
May 6, 1673, and again 1676, 77, and 78. In November 
of the latter year, he was elected Gorernor and filled that 
office until the March following, when he died. 

At the election, May 7, 1673, Dr. Cranston, ( as we may 
properly style him ), being elected as Moderator of the As- 
sembly, refused to serve, and John Easton was elected Mod- 
erator, and being reelected as Duputy Governor, he declined 
this also, and William Coddington was elected. In the mean- 
time, Messrs, John Coggeshall and John Clarke had declined 
the position of Duputy Governor, and Messrs, Richard Smith 
and Francis Brinley had both declined to serve as Assistants, 
whence we infer that some unpleasant feeling existed, of which 
in the paucity of detail, we can offer no elucidation. 

It has been often stated that John Cranston, was the first 
man who ever had conferred on him, the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine, by authority of the Government of Rhode Island, 
although Robert Jeffreys had received a license to practice 
Chirurgerie, Sept. 17, 1641, as appears by the following re- 
cord. ( CoL Bee. Volume I. ) viz : 

'' It is ordered that Mr. Robert Jeffreys shall be authorized 
to exercise the function of Chirurgerie." 

'308 Nauraoansett Histoiucai. RiaiisrKii. 

The act conferring the degree on John Cranston, is as fol- 
hnvs. ( Vol. Eec. Vol, 77, page 33, Mar. ], 1663-4. ) 
viz : 

"■ WHEREAS, the Court have taken notice of the great 
blessing of God on the good endevors of Captayne John 
Cranston of Newport, both in Phissicke and Chiiurgery, to 
the great comfort of such as liave had occasion to improve 
his skill and practice &co., \Ve doe therfore unanimously 
enacte and declare that the said Captayne John Cranston is 
lycenced and commissioned to adminester Phissicke and prac- 
tice chirurgery throughout this whole Colony, and is, by this 
Court styled and recorded Doctor of Phissicke and Chirurgery, 
by the authority of this the General Assembly of this Col 

As this was the Session at which tJie Charter of Kino- 
Charles 11, wa-s accepted and recorded, this act may have 
expressed a feeling of a new accesion of dignity and impor- 
tance, or it may have been supposed to be agreeable to His 
Majesty, tiiat his not distant relative should receive this mark 
of honor from his favored subjects. 

John Cranston, when appointed Drummer in 1644, was of 
Portsmouth, John Hardy being appointed Drummer for New- 
port, at the same time, and in the complete roll of Freemen 
in 1655, John Cranston's name appears on the lists of Ports- 
mouth and NewpDi't, whence we conclude that he had then 
recently changed his residence from Portsmouth to Newport. 
This Roll was undoubtedly the necessary consequence of the 
reorganization of the four towns into one government, under 
the Charter of 1643, on the 12th. of September, 1654, under 
the Presidentcy of Roger Williams, upon the vacation of 
Coddiiigton's surre])titiously obtained perpetual Commission. 

Gov. John Cbanston, 309 

Cranston's first election as Commissioner, is also in the same 
year, from Newport. 

His name frequently appears, during his public service, in 
connection with important Legislative business showing him 
to have been a leading factor in the affairs of the Colony. 

He was President of the Court Martial for the trial of the 
Indians charged with being engaged in tiie tvar against the 
Colonies in 1675-6, called King Pliilip's War, and May 1, 
1678, the Assembly voted: 

" That copies of all the proceedings of the Court Martial 
for trial of Indians, of which he was President, be presented 
to Major John Cranston, at the Colony's expense." 

The Military Spirit, which harmonized so thoroughly with 
his Scottish blood and his feudal antecedents, and which in- 
duced him, in his nineteenth year to act as drummer, for the 
town of Portsmouth, seems to have been a leading feature in 
his character, and he is styled Captayne from a Yerj early 
period in his career. At a Meeting of the Assembly, Oct. 
27, 1675, it was voted as follows, viz : ( At NeiO'port; Col. 
Rec. Vol. II. jjage 531. ) 

" Whereas, a petition was presented to this Assembly, by 
Capt'n John Cranston &c., concerning several particulars, 
for the settlinge of the Militia, in these daingerous hurries 
with the Indians, and putting the Colony in a suitable posture 
of defence, soe near as may be, to the Safety and Satisfaction 
of all, this Assembly doe referr the consideration and conclu- 
sion of the matter, unto the Councill of Warr, in each towne, 
to order, and vvhat each Councill shall soe order shall stand 
& be authentic, And the Councills on this Island, in each 
towne shall meet on Wednesday next, which will be on the 
third day of November next, and the other townes, in this 

310 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Colony, may take their most convenient time to effect the 

At a meeting" of tlie Assembly, at NeAvport, it was voted, 
Mar. 13, 1G75-G, that : ( Col. Rec Vol. II, pcuje 532. ) 

'' Mr. Walter Clarke, Capt. John Cranston, Mr. Joshna 
Cooo-eshall, Mr. Caleb Carr, and John Sanford, are chosen 
a Committee to draw np and prepare matters for this Assem_ 
bly, and make their speedy return of what they agree theiron^ 
for the Court's conhrmation, relating to the matters of Prov. 
idence and Warwick; and also to draw up a letter to the Ply 
mouth "overnment." 

Letiers to Providence and Warwick. 

" To the free inhabitants of Providence and Warwick, 
there remaining, greeting : 

Whereas, the present trembles with the natives is and hath 
been great, very hazardous and prejudiciall to the inhabitants 
of this Collony, the sense of which upon the hearts of the 
Gover.ior & Couneill hath occasioned the calling of this pre- 
sent Assembly, wlioe hath a true commiseration of your cal- 
lamities, and really sympathize in your exercizes, and owne 
ourselves soe nearly related to you, and in duty bound, for 
the good of his Majesty's interest, that it is our study how 
to doe or act for your safety, in all respects; wee received a 
paper from you of Warwick, as wee suppose, but noe hand 
subscribed, the contents of which, wee take to be the sub- 
stance of your minds, and favorably construct the omission, 
by reason of your hurries and exercises as aforesaid; and 
since this meetinge convened, the 13tli. ins't, was and is on 
purpose to advise for the good and weale of this Colony, as 
is abovesaid, after our searious debate and well weighinge 
your hazardous and present condition, wee declare that wee 

Gov. John Cranston. 311 

find this CoUoiiy is not of ability to nuiintaine siijSicient gar- 
risons for the security of our out Phmtations. Therefore, 
wee thinke and judge it most safe for the inhabitants to re- 
paire to this Ishmd, which is the most secureist. Newport 
and Portsmouth inhabitants have taken sucli care, that tliose 
of the Collony who come, and cannot procure hind to plant 
for themselues and families reliefe, may be supplyed with 
land, by the townes; and each familye soe wantinge a libertye, 
shall have a cow kept upon the commons; butt if any of you 
think yourselves of ability to keepe your interest of house 
and cattell, and wdl adventure your lives, wee shall not posi- 
tively oppose you therein; but this the Assembly declares as 
their sense and reall belief e, concerninge the premises, that 
those that so doth make tliora selves a proy, anrl what tliey 
iiave, as goodt;, provisions, cininiiUiitioi-, catteil^ &'j. will be a 
reliefe to the eneniy, at their pleasure, except more than or- 
dinary providonco prevent, therefore cnnnot but jinlgo them 
wisest, that take the safest course to secure themselves, and 
take, the occasion from the enemy." 

" Ordered to be signed by the Gierke of this Assembly." 

A lengthy act was passed, at this Session, enjoining on in- 
dividuals having Indians in their custody or care, to take 
extraordinary care against their escape &c. and another vote 
was passed to the effect — 

" That any that hath a man Indian or Indians, capable, 
shall pay for a watcher and warder, as much as if the Indian 
were an Englishman; and that noe Indian, in this Collony, be 
a slave, but only to pay their debts, or for their bringinge up, 
or custod}^ they have received, or to performe covenant, as if 
tkey had been countrymen not in warr." 

At the next session, April 4, 1676, ( page 535 ) provision 
was made for four boats, manned by five or six men each, to 

312 Nakragansett lIifSToiufAL Register. 

aid i!i the defense of tlie bay, to be increased if necessjiry, by 
a Oommission, consisting of the Duputy Governor, John East- 
on, Mr. Walter Clarke, Capt. John Cranston, Mr. John Cog- 
gesliall, Mr. Caleb Carr, for Newport, and Capt. John Albro, 
Mr. Robert Hodgson, and Mr. Robert Hazard for Portsmouth. 

It was voted also, that negros capable should be required 
to watcli as Englishmen. 

It was voted to make an enumeration of in]ia1)itants of 
Newport and Portsmouth, English, Negros and Indians in 
separate lists, " and also to take an account of how all persons 
are provided wdth corne, guns, powder, sliot and lead." 

A barrel of powder was ordered for the supply of Ports_ 
mouth, and two great guns, now in the yard of the late de- 
ceased Mr. William Brenton, to be pressed for the country's 
service, and carred to Portsmouth, and placed, the one in the 
ferry neck, the ohher at or near the house of John Borden, 
to be properly mounted and placed in charge of suitable 

They then invite a large number of '^ the most judicious 
inhabitants to meet the Assembly on the instant, for advice 
and concurrance." 

At the next meeting, April 11, 1676, ( page 537 ) the re- 
cord is as follows, viz.- 

" Voted, that whereas, tlierp hatli ])een and is great oc- 
(tasion, by these late wars with the Indians, whereby appeares 
absolute necessity for the defence and safety of this Collony, 
and the Kings interest herein, tliat suitable care be taken for 
the managenu^nt of the Millitia and Millitary forces of the 

'' Therefore, for tlie orderly maintaininge of the Millitia 
this Assembly doe agree to choose a Major, to be chief Cap- 
taine of all the Collony forces, Captaines, inferior officers ar.d 

Gov. John Cranston. 313 

Company's of any pertickular place or places, in this Collony, 
soe to be commanded, in what there is canse of general Com- 
mand, and to have his Commission from the General As- 
sembly. '^ 

And voted, that a Major, by this Assembly, be " forthwith 
chosen and empowered." 

" Capt. John Cranston is chosen Major." 

llie 3Iajo7''s Comynission. 

" To John Cranston, by this present Assembly appointed 
and chosen Major of this, his Majesty's Collony of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations, for the well ordering- and 
maintaininge the Millitary Officers in this Collony, and for 
the defence of the King's snbjects herein. 

" You are therefore, in his Majesty's name, hereby fully 
and absolutely empowered and required, as Major of all and 
singular the land forces to this Collony belonginge, to under- 
take the conduct, leadinge and traininge up of the said forces 
and for the preservation of the King's subjects in this Collony, 
to take care that the said Millitary be put in a suitable and 
absolute way of defence. You are alsoe, by virtue hereof, to 
have the absolute command of all the Captuines and inferior 
officers, with their respective Companys, within this Collony, 
to martial array, at your command, and to repair to such place 
or places, as may be most for the King's interest, and the 
safety of the inhabitants liere; and alsoe, by your warrantts to 
to the several townes, to require, if you see cause, more Cap- 
tains to be cliosen, on this Island, and order their several 
numbers, in each town, and to take care that watchmen and 
warders be continued, and in all cases, necessary for the de- 
fence of this Collony, and his Majesty's subjects herein, to 
command the inferior officers, with their companys; and upon 

314 Narragansett Historical Register. 

assault of an enemy, with them, or either of them, to use 
your utmost endeavour to kill, expulse, expell, take and de- 
stroy, all and eveiy the enemies of this, his Majesty's Collony, 
that shall, in hostile manner, be found actinge against the 
j)ublick peace of this Collony, and the inhabitants herein. 
And, in all things necessary for the peace and safety of the 
Collony, to doe and act with power and authority, in the 
place and office of a Major, according to the Law Martial, 
for the execution whereof, this Commission or the duplicate 
of it, shall be your sufficient warrant and discharge, soe that 
your actings herein, be not repugnant to the Assembly as 
Governor aiul Councill orders, and the advice of the respec- 
tive Councills, in each towne, to be taken as to watchinge 
and wardinge, and the election of Millitary officers. 

In witness whereof, wee, the said Assembly, have authorized 
the Governor to signe hereunto, with the scale of the Collony 
affixed by the Recorder. 

William Coddington, Gov." 

'' By order of the General Ass3mbly, aforesaid, sittinge at 
Newport, the 13tli. of march, 1675-G, and by adjournment 
sittinge the 11th. of April 1676. The scale of the Collony 
affixed, as attests; 

John Sanford, Recorder " 

We give these copious extracts from the record, because 
they show. First, that John Cranston made, primarily, the 
movement upon Avhich the action of the Assembly was based. 
Second, that he was selected as the instrument for their exe- 
cution, and that, considering the extreme jealousy which they 
invariably manifested in regard to their democratic ideas, 
ihey showed a wonderful degree of confidence in the character 
, f the man, and in the capacity of the soldier. 

Gov. John Cranston. 315 

V^ e cannot determine wliether the general plan expressed 
in the letter to the mainland towns was adojjted wholly or 
mainly through his influence, as he was of the Committee 
which reported the letter to Providence and Warwick, and 
as he was selected to prosecute the i3lans agreed on, we have 
good reasons to suppose that in a very great degree, they 
were governed by his opinions, in the adoption of their plan 
of operations, he being, as they believed, the man anion o- 
them, in whose military genius they had most reasons for 

There is no evidence afforded by the record, that any sig- 
nificant resistance w^is made to the phin set forth in the letter 
to Providence and Warwick, and many of their inhabitants 
availed tliemselves of the hospitable proposition of the Island 
towns, and there is now very little room to doubt its consum- 
mate wisdom. 

Very little aid could be expected from any of the United 
Colonies, except such as, incidently, would contribute to their 
own safety, for this was in the " hey day " of that organiza- 
tion, always jealous of Rhode Island, and nourishing towards 
her, a quasi hostility, and little disposed to treat her otherwise 
than as an interloper, and a thorn in the flesh, but in no case, 
would Rhode Island have been recognized as an equal asso- 
ciate, or as having any claim to their protection. 

The Colony however, at a session, held June 14, 167G, 
upon a representation from the inhabitants of Providence, 
established there a garrison of eight men, of which Arthur 
Fenner was constituted Captain, with a Commission essentially 
simdar to that given to Cranston, except, that it only extends 
to his innnediate command, but contains this notable provi- 
sion, viz : ( R. I. Col. Rec. Vol. II, i^age 547. ) 

.*^1G Nakragansett Historical Register. 

" And further you are to declare to any of the forces of 
the United CoHonys, if occasion require, that you are there 
phiced, to nianiFcst to all, that your garrison is there settled 
to maintahi the interest of all our out plantations, against th^'ir 
unlawful intrusions, and to forbid their settinge of garrison 
or oarrisons, without our advice and knowlt^dge in any par^ 
of our jurisdictions, though at present left voyd of inhabi- 

This passage shows, in the clearest light, Avhat hind of 
" aid and comfort," they expected from the United Colonies, 
whose imperious and exacting policy had forced upon the na- 
tives, a war, in Avhich they would make no discrimination 
between those who had treated them with cruel harshness, 
and those who had acted with kindness and consideration. 

The sufferings increased subsequently by those in Provi- 
dence and WaiWM k who did not acquiesce in the proposition 
to remove, with their movables, to the Island, shows the ina- 
l)ility of"' Rhode Islaiid to protect those outlying settlements, 
and also the want of power or of inclination to afford them 
any adequate aid, on the part of the other Colonies. 

There is no reason to suppose that Governor Cranston's 
religious views coincided with those of the original refuo-ees 
from Massucliusetts and there are no data from which they 
can be determined, but his father having been Chaplain to the 
King, was necessarily an adherent to the Church of En<>lan(^, 
and his son, Gov. Samuel, was one of the founders and prin- 
cipal supporters of Trinity Church, Nciwpoit, he was therefore, 
probably an Episcopalian, but notwithstanding their loyalty 
to the church, they actively promoted the views of the more 
liberal party in Colonial Politics, of which their relatives, the 
Clarke's were, for many years, vigilent and earnest advocates. 

Gov. Samuel Cranston. 317 

John Cranston, by his wife Mary, daughter of Jeremiah 
and Frances ( Latham ) Chirke, had : 

i Samuel, v William, 

ii Caleb, vi Jeremiah, 

iii Benjamin, vii Peleg, " 

iv John, viii Elizabeth, 

Note. There is much uncertainty in the number 
and order of the births of the chiklren of Gov. John Cranston. 
The above list gives eight, according to Peleg Clarke's gen- 
ealogy. Mr. George K. Cranston, in his list, gives ten in the 
following order: 

i Samuel, ii Caleb, iii James, iv Mary, v Benjamin, 

vi John, vii William, viii Jeremiah, ix Peleg, x Elizabeth. 

Austin's Genealogical Dictionary gives also ten, but in the 
following order: 

i Samuel, ii Caleb, iii James, iv Jeremiah, . v Mary, 
vi Benjamin, vii John, viii Elizabeth, ix Peleg, x William. 


Governor Samuel Cranston. 

Samuel Cranston, eldest son of John and Mary, was born 
1659, his mother being then about eighteen years old, and 
his father thirty-four. His First wife was Mary Hart, daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Freeborn ( Williams ) Hart, which Free- 
born was a daughter of Roger Williams, and as all the child- 
ren of Samuel Cranston were by this wife Mary Hart, all the 
descendants of Governor Samuel Cranston, are necessarily 

318 Narragansett Historical Register. 

(lesceiulants also, of Roger Williams. Thomas and Freeborn 
Hart, besides this daughter Mary, had three sons, John Thom- 
as and James. After the decease of Thomas Hart, his widow 
Freeborn, became the third wife of Gov. Walter Clarke, but 
had no further issue. 

The Second wife of Samuel Cranston was Judith ( Parrett, ) 
widow of his brother, Caleb Cranston. 

Mary, First wife of Samuel Cranston, died Sept. 17, 1710^ 
aged 47 years. 

Judith, Second wife of Samuel Cranston, died May 4, 1737^ 
aged 67 years. 

Samuel Cranston, died April 26, 1727, aged 68 years. 

Samuel Cranston was admitted a Freeman of the Colony, 
May 6, 1684. In 1696, he was an Assistant, and perhaps 
had been Assistant or Duputy for several year s previc usly, as 
no record exists from 1692 to 1696. In March 1668, he 
was elected Governor, and continued to be reelected to that 
office, until 1727, having died incumbent, in the Ap'ilcf that 
year, making his term of that office, thirty successive years. 

July I, 1695, he was appointed to receive and account for 
the impost on wines and strong waters, ard was on a Com- 
mittee to report an Act in i elation thereto. 

At no period in our Colonial history, was there ir.ore need 
of the sterling qualities that distingu shed Samuel Cray&tcn, 
than that in which was ass'gned him the onerous task cf n]- 
ministering the Rhode Island government, and he proved 
himself the worthy successor of his venerable uncle, GciAeii cr 
Walter Clarke. The minions of the Court, represented bj 
Lord Bellomont and Edward Randolph, were unyielding- in 
their detcimination and anwearied in their eiforts to introduce 
a system^ into the a{hiiinistration of the Colonic s, which should 
reduce the Colonists to a state of serfdom, and should divert 

Gov. Samuel Cranston. 319 

all the streams of traffic towards the coffers of the merchants 
of London, and all the pnblic patronage to the snpport of the 
yonnger scions of the privileged classes of the fatherland, and 
should choke all the aspirations for civil and political liberty, 
which had induced their immigration, from under the shadow 
of the royal wing and the fostering influence of hereditary 

The correspondence of Governor Cranston, limited as it 
was, simple and unsophisticated as it is, in its diction, devoid 
as it is, of indications of scholastic attainment, is admirable 
for its exhibition of the attributes most applicable to the em- 
ergency, earnestness, persistence, adroitness and patience, and 
yet not wanting that measure of pliability which yields when 
resistance is vain, or to quote a modern illustration, " adapts 
itself to the logic of events." In the more positive cpialities 
first mentioned, Governor Cranston showed himself a cred- 
itable graduate of the school in which he was trained, and of 
which John Greene and Walter Clarke had been the prime 
leaders; in the latter, and not less useful features of his char- 
acter, he may be allowed to have transcended them. 

In order to estimate the difficulties of his position we must 
bear in mind, that in the lapse of two generations, the Colo- 
nies had become, comparatively, populous and productive, 
communication with Europe was vastly more facile and fre- 
quent, the Colonists had begun to indicate an ambition to 
develope commerce and manufactures, by which they hoped 
to diminish their expenses and, in some degree, their depen. 
dance on a people three thousand miles removed from them, 
for the absolute necessities of existence, and that the greed 
of the British public for the monopoly of their trade, and of 
the needy gentry for absorbing their positions of profit and 
honor, had " grown with their growth and strengthened with 

320 Narragansett Historical Eegister; 

their strength," and like the tiger, after a " taste of blood,'' 
the appetites of their commercial and feudal brethren at 
home, had been'provoked, in a high degree, by the ephemeral 
success, which had crowned their desires, during the reign of 
James 11. , and the usurped administration of Sir Edmond 

We must bear in mind too, that the autonomy enjoyed by 
Rhode Island, was participated in, at this period, only by 
Connecticut, of all the sister Colonies. Plymouth had been 
merged in Massachusetts, and a Governor of Royal appoint- 
ment, lorded it over both those Communities, and a vice-regal 
establishment, with all its accessories, guided the destinies of 
the Province of New York, and the position of Rhode Istand 
was, therefore, exceptional and piecarious. 

Besides these discouraging circumstances, there existed, in 
their midst, a large party, of whom were many of the most 
wealthy and prominent of their associates " who knew not 
Joseph, but lusted after the flesh pots of Egypt," whose sym- 
pathies were with the powers at home, and whose machinations 
were always a factor, to the disadvantage of those we must 
consider the orthodox party, I. E. those who regarded the 
interests of the Colony, and the cause of truth and liberty as 
paramount, rather than those of the King, the Church, the 
Privileged Orders and the Mother Country. 

The prominent leaders of this adverse party were, Peleg 
Sanford, Francis Brinley, Nathaniel Coddington, and less 
openly, Jahleel Brenton, who was in England during part of 
the time, acting as Agent for the Colony, and who, having 
been appointed by the General Assembly, May 3, 1699, as 
their Agent, is referred to, as such, in Gov. Cranston's letter 
to the King, dated May 13, 1700. At a Session, held Feb'y 
1699 ~ 1700, it is evident, that some parties entertained mis- 

Gov. Samuel Ckanston. 321 

givings as to Brenton's being the most suitable representative 
of their interests and wishes, for they voted, that 

" Capt'n Joseph Sheffield, Esq., is appointed Sole Agent 
for this, his Majesty's Collony of Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence Plantations &c., always provided, if it doth appear to 
the aforesaid Captain Joseph Sheffield, that Mr. Jahleel 
Brenton, Esq., hath not acted, by virtue of the power, to him 
committed, as well as for the maintenance, upholding and 
continuing his Majesty's Letters Patent, to us granted, as 
well as, any other difference or differences, case or cases, in 
the behalf of the aforesaid Colony, either before his Majesty's 
Council, or any other Ministers of Justice, within the realm 
of England." 

The vote then recites, that if the conduct of Mr. Brenton 
is such as Capt. Sheffield approves, then they are to be jointly 
associated in the Agency, if otherwise, then Capt. Sheffield 
is to be Sole Agent. 

The Committee appointed to carry out this vote, and to 
forward Capt. Sheffield's preparations for his departure, and 
prepare instructions for his conduct, were. Gov. S. Cranston, 
R. Carr, Jas Barker. Giles Slocum, J. Borden, Eb'r Slocum, 
N. Waterman, and Richard Greene, all of the liberal party. 
At the Session, May 4, following, either the Assembly had 
become reassured in relation to Mr. Brenton, or the opposite 
party had become relatively stronger, probably the latter, or 
they withdrew from the arrangement with Capt. Sheffield? 
agreed to pay him £40 for the expense and trouble he had 
been at, and reaffirmed Mr. Brenton's appointment, on the 
ground of " their special confidence in said Brenton, Esq., 
and considering the great charge that would arise on said 
Collony, by continuing the aforesaid Sheffield in the aforesaid 
trust, &c." 12 

322 Narragai:sett Histokical Register. 

By reference to a letter of Jalileel Brentoii to the " Board 
of Trade," of date, Boston, Mar. 8, 1697-8, ( R. I. Col 
Bee. Vol. HI. l>(((/e '^ol. ) we shall be convinced that a 
less suitable man could not have been found, to represent the 
more liberal element in the Colony, and, at various other 
times, the same spirit exhibits itself in his correspondence. 
Each of the four names I have mentioned except Coddington, 
are again signalized, seventy-five years later, by active and 
potent resistance to the organized efforts of the thirteen com- 
bined Colonies, to assert the principles of freedom and to re- 
pudiate the slavery proposed to be fastened on them. Brinley 
and Brenton in the persons of direct descendants, Sanford 
preeminently by a collateral, Thomas Hutchinson Royal Gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts. 

In the selection of most Committees on important subjects, 
during his incumbency, Gov. Cranston's name api)ears, as 
first named, and we are bound to regard him as the represent- 
ative man of the period, in Rhode Istand, a period, as we ex- 
pect to show infinitely critical, in the irrepressible conflict be- 
tween the antagonistic forces of freedom and proscription. 

The grand principle of the right of self government, as 
well as of freedom in religious concernments, seems to have 
animated the Rhode Island Colonists, without any period of 
abeyance, in spite of all assaults from without, and all discour- 
agement within their organization. 

The accession of William and Mary had seemed like a burst 
of sunlight, after the rigorous rule of King- James and Gov. 
Andros, but they found that the more liberal government 
which Englishmen had established for themselves, had not 
been intended to extend all its benefits to the Colonies. No 
Burke or Fox or Chatham had yet arisen to dispense the efful- 
gence of their genius upon the political firmament, and many 

Gov. Samuel Cuanston, 1323 

years were to elapse before the fulness of time was to fulfil 
the aspirations of the lovers of freedom, and much Royal and 
Parliamentary usurpation had yet to be encountered. 

In the struggles incident to these unwarrantable pretensions 
of the Crown and Parliament, Gov. Cranston never swerved 
from a firm and persistent advocacy of the rights of the Col" 
onists/ and he went to his grave after nearly thirty years of 
militant service, without once laying aside the panoply of the 
faithful soldier. 

In the R. I. Col. Records, Vol. Ill, pages 326 to 331, 
may be found copies of correspondence between the Board of 
Trade and the Colony, and also between the Board and cer 
tain individuals, which show] most distinctly the position 
occupied by Sanford, Brinley and Brenton toward the Colony, 
and what sort of judicial fairness, was intended towards the 
Colony, may be judged by the nomination of these very names 
in Lord Bellomonts instructions, dated Mar. 9, 1698-9, ( R. 
I. Col. Records, Vol. Ill, prnjes 363 to 367. ) in the 
following terms, after directing him to go to Rhode Island, 
or if not, to appoint suitable persons, to go there and inquire 
into " the disorders and irregularities countenanced and prac- 
ticed, by the Governor and Company of our Colonv of R. 
Island &c. viz : 

" And for the more effectual execution of our will and 
pleasure, in this matter, you shall call to your assistance, or 
direct those that maj be appointed by you for this service, 
to call to their assistance, Francis Brinley, Peleg Sanford, 
Nathaniel Coddington, Caleb Arnold, Josias Arnold, or any 
of them, or any such other persons &c." 

The instructions then proceed to dictate questions to be 
put to the following officials, under oath, viz: 

'■'■ Walter Clarke, late Governor; 

324 Narragansett Historical Register. 

" John Greene, Duputy Governor; 

" John Easton, kte Governor; 

" Siimnel Cranston, Governor; 

" Peleg- Sanford, Esq." 

The resnlt of this enqnhy, is required to be reported to the 
Kino-, and the animus of the Home Government is exhibited, 
in placing- the evident authors of the comphiint, in a quasi 
judicial position, in its investigation. 

These papers being from J. Carter Brown's MSS. collections, 
were only brought to light at a recent period, and, of course 
were totally unknown to. all parties on this side of the water. 

In a letter to the Board of Trade, of date. May 27, 1699, 
( R. I. Coh Records, Vol. Ill^x^acjes 373 to 375. ) Gov. 
Cranston, in the most respectful and punctilious manner, dis- 
claims any intentional wrong doing, on the part of the Colony 
or any of its officers, apologises for errors of judgment or 
ignorance, and concludes as follows. 

" AVe shall always, for time to come, be very observant in 
following your Lordships' advice and instructions, in all cases 
relating to his Majesty's interest, and once more, humbly beg- 
ging your Lordships' favorable constuctions, in what of weak- 
ness may appear in us. We being a plain and mean sort of 
people, yet true and loyal subjects to his most excellent Ma- 
jesty, King William, and we hope time will make manifest 
the same to your Lordships, we being not insensible of the 
many enemies we have, who hath and do make it their busi- 
ness to render us, ( to his Majesty and your Lordships, ) as 
ridiculous as they can, and to present things to your Lord- 
ships, quite contrary to what they are or were. For instance, 
there is one Esquire Randolph, who was employed by the 
Commissioners of his Majesty's customs, who did publickly de- 
clare he would be tlie means to eclipse us of our privileges; 

Gov. Samuel Cuanston. 325 

and we know he picked up several false reports against us. 
But we do not doubt your Lordships will, in time, have a f ui- 
ther insig-lit of such men's actions, and we humbly beg of 
your Lordships, that you will not entertain any reports against 
us, so as to give any determinination on the same, to our ill 
conveniency, till wo cati have liberty to answer for ourselves, 
we having comniissionated and appointed Jahleel Brenton, 
Esq., ( his Majesty's late Collector of his customs, in these 
parts, ) our Agent, to answer to what shall be objected against 
us, or in any other matter or tiling, relating to this his Majes- 
ty's Colony, begging your Lordships favor toward him in 
what shall appear just and right." 

With the light of Mr. Brenton's correspondence, only late- 
ly made public, we have reasons for grave doubts, whether 
Gov. Cranston's reliance on him was not misplaced, and whet- 
her, on the contrary, the affairs of the Colonists, at headquar- 
ters, were not in very bad hands. 

Lord Bellomont's report of the result of the enquiry, which 
he was commissioned to make, is in the R. I. Col. Records 
Vol. Ill, pages 385 to 388, and is a hearty response to tlie 
untenable and improbable generalities, set forth by their ac- 
cusers, consisting in fact of sweeping charges such as political 
parties generally affect, and, in their nature, not susceptible 
of proof, rather than formal charges, under which, legal in- 
vestigation could be had, or was designed. 

These charges were : 

I. That they have neglected the propagation of the Gos- 
pel among the Indians, and have never erected nor encour- 
aged any schools of learning, or had the means of instruction 
by a learned orthodox ministry. 

II. That they have omitted " English and America," in 
the titles of their official acts. Their style being; " The 

320 Naruagansett Histohical Register. 

Kiiolisli Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 
in New England in America. 

TIT. That they have sometimes failed to hold sessions of 
the General Assembly, on the last Wednesday of October, as 
reqnired by the Charter, and have held sessions on Tuesday 
the day before the first Wednesday in May. 

IV. Denounces the appointment of a Moderator by the 
Assembly, to preside instead of the Governor. 

V. Denounces the practice of voting' by proxy. 

VT. Objects, that military officers are elected by their 
several companies. 

VII. Asserts that some members in 1697, were admitted 
to the Assembly, elected by Town Councils, and that, in the 
same year, Walter Clarke, then Governor, directed the sheriffs 
to issue warrants of election '•' to the Assistants and Justices 
of the several towns." 

VIII. That Walter Clarke, in the same year, resigned his 
office of Governor, in the morning, and resumed it, to make 
up a quoium of the house of Magistrates. 

IX. " In May, Anno, 1699, a General Assembly was held 
and kept, no writ for calling and convening the same, ever 
coming to the hand of the Sheriff or his duputy." 

X. In 1696, " An Act or order was published, under the 
public seal of the Colony, as an act of the General Assembly, 
which was not laid before nor put in the House of Duputies 
or Representatives." 

XI. Objects to the Assembly's assuming judicial and ap- 
pellate power, and the Duputies are not under any oath or 

XII. That " they raise and levy taxes and assessments 
upon the people, there being no express authority, in the 
Charter, for so doing." 

Gov. Samuel Chanston. 32^ 

XIII. That they try and punish capital offenders. 

XIV. That they usurp Admirality power. 

XV. Complains geoerally of their administration of justice. 

XVI. Their Attorney General, illiterate. 

XVII. Their Assistants, also Justices of the peace and 
Judges of the Courts, are Quakers, Sectaries, and the gentle- 
men most sufficient for estate are overlooked and John Greene, 
a british man of very corrupt or no principles in religion, 
from year to year, is elected Duputy Governor. 

XVIII. That the said Dep. Gov., J. G., granted com- 
missions to privateers &c. " and all the vessels, whereof the 
Captains were so commissionated, went to Madagascar, and 
the seas of India, and were employed to commit piracy." 

XIX. That they countenanced and harbored pirates. 

XX. Objects to affirmation instead of oath. 

XXI. No journal of acts in Council. 

XXII. Acts and Laws not dio-ested. 

XXIII. Complains of neglect in furnishing copies of the 
Laws &c. 

XXIV. Many of his Majesty's good Subjects complain 
of maladministration of the laws. 

XXV. They are complained of by Mr. Brinley and 
Nathaniel Waterman, for disregarding certain orders of the 
King, " 1 elating to some trials." 

" Governor Cranston's speech made unto the General As- 
sembly, called upon the notice I gave him, of his Majesty's 
commands unto myself, relating to that government ( which 
is approved and applauded among them, ) gives some taste 
of the temper and disposition of the people, and discovers 
how they stand affected to the laws of England, and his Ma- 

328 Narragansett Historical Register. 

jesty's government; basely insinuating- it to be, little better 
than bondage and slavery. 

" I apprehend his Majesty is neither honored nor served 
by that government, as, at present, it is managed." 

I have reduced this voluminous and somewhat verbose 
document, as much as possible, and I propose very briefly, 
to comment on some of the counts, though many of them, 
seem too puerile to merit notice, and all are evidently inspired 
by a captious and fault findhig disposition, and are merely 
the reflex of discontent, on the part of those " gentlemen^ 
most sufficient for estate, " whose tory sentiments preclude 
them from the confidence of the community, or who have 
been on the losing side, in some legal contest. 

I. The first count is answered by the fact, well known to 
us, that among the first acts of the settlers was the assignment 
of land for schools; and the Indians were improved about 
equally, by all who have come in contact with them. 

II. The omission of " English," and " America," I can- 
not justify, but probably it was inadvertant. ~ 

* III. I should think an occasional failure to hold a Session 
of the Legislature, when occasion did not require it, might be 
excused, on the plea, of expense and trouble, which was the 
probable reason. 

IV. It was the practice to choose a Moderator to conduct 
the Annual Election, either as a matter of delicacy, or because 
they supposed the term of the Governor expired with the day 
preceding, it could be of no consequence if the outgoing 
Governor assented. 

V. The allowing a freemen to send his vote, properly 
endorsed, secured his right, and infringed that of no other 
person, and Inought out a fuller vote than could have been 
otherwise obtained, and was assented to by all, as conducive 

Gov. Samuel Ckanston. 329 

to the public good, the only objection that could arise, was, 
that it gave no advantage to the disaffected party, who being 
in Newport, chiefly, could be present without inconvenience. 

VI. The Charter gave to the Company absolute control 
of their militia, and the character of the government nowhere 
exhibits itself so signally as where they assert that right, in 
the contests with Joseph Dudley and Sir William Phipps. 
Whatever may have been Lord Bellomont's opinion, its intro- 
duction is impertinent, and needs no examination here. 

VII. I will not attempt to justify an irregular election of 
members of the Assembly if it occurred, but I should like to 
know on what proof the assertion was made. 

VIII. If Gov. Clarke, after resigning, resumed, to make 
a quorum, it is plain, that his resignation could not be accep- 
ted without a quorum, and was, " Ipso facto," void. 

IX. I see no necessity for the intervention of a sheriff or 
writ of election in May 1699, or any other May, those elections 
being held according to Law. 

X. This, if true, was through the inadveitance, or fault, 
of some subordinate officer. 

XL This power, whether rightly or otherwise, was exer- 
cised, by the General Assembly, for many years after the de- 
claration of independence, and, in fact, within the memory 
of many of us; and one of our best known public men, before 
the adoption of the Constitution of the State, was wont to 
say, that " the General Assembly was omnipotent," which ex- 
pression, ( from the terms of the Charter, ) during the period 
for which they were elected, seems logically justified, the forms 
by which they should administer justice, not being specified, 
and in no way indicated, except, that they should not violate 
the laws of England. 

330 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Xll. How the government was expected to support itself, 
Avitliout thiit power whicli inheres in all government, the power 

" to raise and levy taxes and assessments on the people," 
Lord Belloniont does not vouchsafe to explain. 

Xni. No Colony was ever denied the privilege of trying 
and i)unishing offenders within its own limits, and it is obvious 
that no community could long subsist, without the exercise 
of it. This power is implied, equally with the right of taxa- 
tion, and I submit that both exceptions are, to the last degree, 
frivolous and vain. 

XIV. The Admirality power, the Colonists claimed and 
and exercised in good faith, as is evidenced by the tenacity 
and boldness of Walter Clarke, in his refusal to recognize 
and qualify Peleg Sanford and Nathaniel Coddington, as 
Judge and Clerk in Admirality, under Commissions from the 

XV. The irregularity of their judicial methods we may 
admit, but their intention was to administer justice equitably, 
anl there is the best reason to believe, that they generally 
arrived at that r( suit, which, of course, would not always be 
satisfactory to the parties litei-gant. 

XVI. The illiteracy of their Attorney General, John 
Pocock, we have no means to investigate; presumably, in a 
prhnitive society, high legal attainments were rare, and not 
to be commanded by the amount of compensation afforded 
by the Colony. 

XVII. We may or may not agree with Lord Bellomont 
as to the capacity or fitness of the Assistants, Justices &c. 
selected by the Colonists, or whether being " Quakers and 
Sectaries," should have incapacited them, or whether, the 

" gentlemen most sufficient for estate, and best capacited 
and disposed for his Majesty's service," would have subserved 

Gov. Samuel Cranston. 331 

the purposes of the Colonists better, but we can readily com- 
prehend, that, the right ()f electioii having- been granted and 
guaranteed to them by the Crown, neither Lord Bellomont 
or the Board of Trade, or the Crown itself, had any right or 
power to call their determinations in question. 

XVIII. The right to grant Letters of Marque and repre- 
al, is the (^oint on which the most energetic representations 
are made, to the discredit and disadvantage of the Colonial 
government, and the fact that those Commissions, during the 
war with France, 1692 to 1697 were signed by the Duputy 
Governor, John Greene, is dwelt upon, with great force, and 
also the imperfect methods of granting them. All this is 
probably true. They were executed by the Duputy Governor, 
because the Governors, during that period were all Quakers 
and therefore, unwilling to be direct promoters of violence. 
John Greene was evidently the master spirit in Colonial affairs, 
for a long period, and was not Governor, only because he 
would not remove to Newport, where it was thought essential 
that the Governor's residence should be. There is not a 
shadow of doubt that the Colony, in these matters, acted in 
good faith, and there is abundant evidence that the home 
government encouraged the Colonies in the exercise of this 
privilege on many subsequent occasions. If, after the conclu- 
sion of the war, some of those parties prostituted those com- 
missions in prosecuting piratical acts, it is not very mucli to 
be wondered at, although there is no evidence of it afforded, 
except the assertions of the enemies of the Colony, founded, 
confessedly on common report. 

XIX. That " the government is notoriously faidty in 
countenancing and harbouring pirates," is sustained by no 
better evidence than the preceding charge. Privateering is 
often defined as legalized piracy, with the same justice, war 

;)32 Narragansett IIis'iorical Register. 

is defined as legalized murder. Even in our enlightened times 
we know the demoralizing iniiuence of war. It is hardly 
matter for wonder that men had loose ideas in regard to the 
enormity of preying on each other at the close of the Seven- 
teenth century, rememher that witliin one hundred years of 
that time Drake and Hawkins had been feted and toasted as 
heroes, and received the lionor of knighthood for wholesale 
success in the most outrageous and inexcusable robbery and 
spoliation, that during those hundred years, all Europe had 
rung constantly with the clash of arms, the wars of the Par- 
liament had devastated Enghmd, the thirty years war had 
laid waste Germany, the seige and sack of Magdeburg had 
left its foul influence upon the moral world, the dragounades 
of Louis XIV, were even then causing the soil of France to 
reek with innocent blood and the God Moloch seemed to have 
assumed to rule mankind. It is no wonder tlien, that many 
dis(piiet and adventurous spirits, with such influences sur- 
rounding them, should have been tempted to enter a field so 
well adapted to their purposes, as the distant and sparsely 
settled coasts of America then offered then. 

It is very probable that many men of loose lives and crim- 
inal antecedents came to Rhode Island, and that some of them 
brought considerable amounts of money, obtained by other 
than legitimate means, but, is it likely that they brought with 
them, the means of convicting them of their iniquities? or 
that they ventured into communities where the proofs of their 
misdoings awaited them ? It is one thing to suspect that a 
man who comes into a community with means, the possession 
of which you cannot explain, obtained them in an illegal 
manner, but it is entirely another thing to obtain such proof 
as will justify his arrest, and secure his conviction, for piracy 
on the coast of Madagascar, seven or eight thousand miles 

Gov. Samuel Ckanston. 333 

flistant, and entirely out of range of any commercial adven- 
turers from New England. 

The attempt on the part of Lord Bellomont and his abet- 
tors, to stigmatize a whole community as " particeps criminis," 
in the lawless acts of certain parties on the other side of the 
globe, is to me, supremely absurd, and certainly the whole 
community is involved in these charges, since the three men, 
to wit; Clarke, Greene and Cranston, whom they specifically 
denounce, are the men whom, for many years, the Colony 
selects to conduct their affairs and to whom for many years 
after, they continue the same confidence and preferment, and 
this too a community whose prominent fault, in Lord Bello- 
mont's eyes, was that the predominant element in it were 
"Quakers," that charge was undoubtedly true, Walter Clarke, 
Henry Bull, John Easton and Caleb Carr, were Quakers, and 
all had been Governors of the Colony successively between 
the vacation of Andros and the succession of Cranston, ten 
years, and inferentially they were, at this time, the controlino- 

Observe again the logical incongruity of Lord Bellomont's 
positions. In one breath, he asserts that they have exercised 
admiralty powers, to which he denies them any claim, under 
the provisions of their Charter, and even objects, that they 
usurped the power to try and punish capital offenders, within 
their own limits. In the next breath he complains that they 
have failed in their duty of successfully acting as a police 
force, in protecting all his Majesty's subjects and the rest of 
mankind from depredations on the high seas, even to the 

XX. Lord B's objection to an affirmation instead of an 
oath was natural, and may be passed. 

334 Nauragan.ett Histoeical Eeoister. 

XXI. There being no JonrnHl of the Acts of the Ccnneil 
i. easily explainecV, they had, before that tnne, no separate 
e^ tenee. The Assistants and Dr.puties, sat anc acted, as 
one hoay, and there conld be, therefore, no separate jonvna, 
:: does the Charter recognize any nr the Assistants 
except eoordinately with the Dnpntles, whether s-.ttrng sepa. 

ratelv or in Common. i • +i 

XXII The Laws were not digested and arranged ni the 
,„ost perfect manner, which was a good reason that that dnty 
should be enjoined on them, but not a reason for any nnp,.- 
tatkm of crin.lnality, a narrow econon.j probably explains th,s 

''xXlII The complaints of negligence in forwarding 
c-opies of the Laws, may have been well gionnded, knowiiig 
the spirit in which they were to he criticized, it is not unlike- 
ly they were somewhat dilatory, and they, certainly, were 
,unply justified in using great care in performing that duty, 
XXiv and XXV. Those good subj^ cts, who complaiii- 
ed of the maladmhiistration of the Laws, I appiduiul to be 
such as were dissatisfied with decisicns of land titles, about 
^hieh there was much conflict, growing out of the preteimons 
of Massachusetts and Connecticut to jurisdiction m Kings 
Province, these would miturally be somewhat favorable to 
those parties claiming under Rhode Island. 

Governor Cranston's speech, to which Lord B. alludes, 
was, evidently, a manly presentation of the case of the Colo- 
ny, and he was plainly justified in insinuating that the inno- 
vations contemplated by Lord B. would reduce^^them to a 
condition little better than " bondage and slavery." 

The fact that Gov. Cranston's speech, " was approved and 
applauded " by the Colonists, should be sufficient evidence, 
to our minds, that he was the right man in the right place, 

Gov. Samuel Cranston. 335 

liowever Lord Bellomoiit's huikI may liave been affected 

thereby. _ t^i i t i j 

Lord Bellomoiit's journal of bis visit to Hbode Island, 
( B. I. Col Bee. Vol III, page 388 to 393. ) describes 
bis manner of conducting the examination, and exhibits the 
temper of the Colonists, very much to their credit, especially 
in the case of Gov. Cranston. He concludes the examination 
by notyfying Gov. Cranston and the Council, that I Intended 
to leave this^'place tomorrow morning, and that I should em- 
power Mr. Francis Brinley, Col. Peleg Sanford, Mr. Nath- 
aniel Coddington, Mr. Caleb Arnold, and Mr. Josias Arnold, 
( to whom his Majesty's instructions referred me, for assist- 
ance, ) to make further inquiries," &c. thus commending 
the flock to the protection of the wolves. 

vVith all reverence for the overruling providence which 
guarded their interests, we cannot but be profoundly impressed 
with the wisdom and conduct which carried the Colonists 
through these trials, and persecutions, and finally achieved 
their triumpant vindication. In all this controversy, and in 
many others, particularly with Joseph Dudley, who, being of 
Colonial birth and antecedents' like all renegades, proved him- 
self more abjectly servile to the Court and more bitterly hos- 
tile to the independence of the Colonists, than Lord Bellomont 
or Esquire Randolph themselves. Gov. Cranston must be re- 
garded as the chief actor' on the part of the Colonists, and 
the temper, address and firmness, with which he carried him- 
self, entitle him to very high estimation. 

More correspondence of the parties, ( B. L Col. Bee. Vol. 
Ill, imge 394 to 400. ) gives more light on their relations, 
and the more they are studied and analyzed, the more distin- 
ctly will this view of the underlying motives of these unwar- 
ranted attacks appear, and the greator will be our wonder at 


the iiisignificeiice of the agencies, through which, the gvaiid 
designs of Providence are wrought out, and the apparently 
prodigious influences are overruled, in this crisis, by the poAve'* 
of an humble community in the hands of men, not of brilliant 
genius, nor of superior education or knowledge of the world^ 
simply by manly adherence to a position, assumed from a 
sense of right. „ Magna est Veritas et Prevalebit." 

At the May Session, 1700, the same at which the appoint- 
ment of Joseph Sheffield, as successor or associate of Jali- 
leel Brenton, as agent for the Colony, had been revoked, 
thirty pounds, gratuity, was voted Gov. Cranston in addition 
to his salary, on account of his extraordinary charge and 
trouble, and shortly after, viz : May 13, 1700, ( i? /. Col. 
Rec. Vol. Ill, page 420. ) Gov. Cranston writes the King, 
in very humble and very deprecatory terms. After the usual 
preamble of thaidts for former favors, he says ; 

And, in all humility, we do still beseech and humbly pray, 
that your Majesty will please to extend and continue your 
Royal grace and favor unto us, in the continuance of our 
privileges, according to our Charter, we being a small Collony, 
distinct from the other Collonies, which our predecessors, 
through much difficulty procured, having been a poor, distress- 
ed and persecuted people, and, through the good providence 
of God, we, with our predecessors, have been preserved, and 
wonderfully supported through more than ordinary difficulties 
and hardships, for upwards of sixty years; although our neigh- 
bors have endeavored, by all ways and means imaginable, to 
render us obnoxious and contemptible. And, not only so, 
but are endeavoring, as they have been, to deprive us of the 
greater part, if not all, that small portion allotted us, by our 
most gracious Charter, the which has caused us, at this time, 
( by our Agent, Jahleel Brenton, Esq., your Majesty's Col- 

Gov. Samuel Cranston. 337 

lector, in these parts, ) to appear before your Most Serene 
Majesty, in Council, or before Avliom else, your Majesty shall 
appoint, to lay before your Majesty, the justness of our cause, 
and to answer such things as, through envy or malice, hath 
or shall be objected against us; and also to implore your Ma- 
jesty's most gracious pardon, for what of weakness hath been 
committed by us, not doubting but, through your princely 
clemency and justice, to receive a favorable acceptance and 
fair hearing, and that, your poor yet loyal subjects may al- 
ivays remain under your especial protection, and be only 
responsible to our Sovereign Lord, the King, to make our true 
defence against complaints, &c." 

This missive breathes nothing but the most devoted loyalty 
to the King and confidence in him, but it expresses great 
jealousy of any influence, the other Colonies might be dis- 
posed to exercise in their affairs, and especially, it implies 
that they claim a more direct approach to the fountain of 
power, than through Lord Bellomont and those he had dep" 
utised to conclude his investigation, or even the Board of 
Trade themselves, in fact, it brings before us in a very com- 
pact and forcible manner, the variety and magnitude of the 
antagonistic forces, by which they were surrounded. At the 
same time, it leaves room for the implication, notwithstand- 
ing its tone of humility and deference, of a firm determina- 
tion to avail of all the franchizes guaranteed by the Charter, 
against whomsoever might be the agressor, though he were 
the Kino; himself. 

At the Session, May 7, 1701, the Assmbly voted : 

" That there shall be ten j)Ounds annually, added to the 

former salary, yearly allowed the Governor; which said salary 

amounts to forty pounds per year; any act to the contrary 

notwithstanding." ( i?. I. Col. Bee. Vol III, j) age 430. ) 


338 Narragansett Historical Register. 

We have seen that the Colony were put upon trial, in 1699, 
hy Lord Bellomont, again they are brought into controversy 
with Joseph Dudley, who had succeeded, as Governor of 
Massachusetts, in 1702, and who claimed, under a Royal 
Commission, the supreme command of all the militia in New 
Enoland, whether in active service or not. This claim was 
resisted by Gov. Cranston, in the same firm and able manner 
as he had heretofore exercised in encountering the encroach- 
ments of Crown Officers on the rights vested in the Colony 
by the Charter. ( Domments, li. I. Col. Bee. Vol. Ill, 
jmgei-i 459 to 463. ) 

" September 3, 1702, Gov, Dudley, with 7 members of 
' her Majesty's Council of Massachusetts Bay,' went to Gov. 
Granston's house, where he was met by ' Governor Cranston 
and the Council of the said Collony of Rhode Island, by ap- 

At this meeting Gov. Dudley gave notice, that, " for the 
better safety and defence of her Majesty's subjects and inter- 
est, within the Colonies of Rhode Island and the Narragansett 
country, or Kings province, in the time of war; ( it being 
now snch, ) her Majesty had been pleased, by her royal Com. 
mission, to constitute and appoint him her Captain General 
of all the forces, forts, and places of strength, within the 
same," and also that he had been likewise commissioned as 
Vice Admiral of the same, &c. 

At a meeting, next day, Sept. 4th., Gov. Cranston inform-- 
ed his Excellency that Major Martindale, ( who commanded 
the Island Militia, ) Avas authorized, by himself and the Conn 
cil to acquaint him with their o})inion, on what had been 
presented yesterday. Mr. Martindale, after the reading of 
the clause of the Charter relating to the Militia, said that the 
Governor and Council could not give any answer, without 

Gov. Samuel Cranston. 339 

consulting the General Assembly, to which Gov. Dudley re- 
plied that " he had nothing to do with an Assembly, in that 
affair, but with the Governor and Council." 

" P. M. His Excellency, ( Gov. Dudley, ) issued forth 
his warrant, directed to Major Martindale, Major of the Island 
Regiment, to cause his regiment to appear in arms tomorrow 

" Saturday, September 5th., A. M. 
" Major Martindale waited upon his Excellency, at his 
lodging, and excused his not executing his Excellency's war- 
rant, sent him yesterday, to cause his regiment to appear in 
arms this morning, for that, by his Commission, he was to 
observe the direction of the General Assembly, or the Govern- 
or and Council of that Colony, and was sworn accordingly, 
and read that clause in his Commission, and the form of the 

" At noon [ 5tii. ] his Excellency, with the gentlemen that 
waited upon him, from Boston, departed from the Island, and 
went over to Bristol." Doubtless in intense diso-ust. 

On the 7tli., Gov. Dudley visited Narragansett, where he 
was welcomed " by the gentlemen of the place," and was re- 
ceived by Capt. Daniel Eldridge, with his Company in Arms. 

" Then his Excellency tendered the oath of allegiance to 
the officers of the Militia, who cheerfully took it, and after 
them, the whole body of the Soldiers in Arms." 

" On Sept. 17th., Gov. Dudley reports to the Board of Trade 
and says among other things, that the Governor and Council 
of E.. Island came near to Rochester, the day after his visit 
there, expressed their displeasure, to the officers, " and since 
have used all methords to bring back the people to confu- 
sion." And concludes by expressing his opinion, that the 
government of Rhode Island, in the present hands, is a scan- 

340 Nakkagansett Historical Register. 

ilal to her Majesty's goveriinieiit. And no man in tlie gov- 
eiiinient, of any estate or education, tliongli in the Province, 
there be men of very good estates, ahility and loyalty, hut 
the Quakers will, by no means admit them to any trust, nor 
would they now except it, in hopes of a dissolution of that 
misrule, and that they may be brought under her Majesty's 
immediate government in all things, which the major part by 
much of the whole people, would pray for, but dare not, for 
fear of the oppression and affront of the Quakers' party, mak- 
inii" a noise of their Charter." 

On the same date, ( Sept. 17, ) a letter is addressed by the 
Assembly, to Gov. Dudley, asserting that the whole power of 
the militia is granted to them, by the Charter, as well as, by 
her late Majesty Queen Mary, by authority bearing date 
Aug. 22, 1694, and finding in his Excellency's Commission, 
no express order, superseding their authority, they decline to 
recognise his pretensions. 

In Gov, Dudley's report, above referred to, he s^iys, " The 
Quakers raged indecently, saying they were ensnared and 

Also, on his demanding the names of their ( military ) offi- 
cers; " but could obtain nothing of them, but stubborn refus- 
al, saying, they would lose all at once, and not by peices." 

To judge by Dudley's temper and disposition towards 
Rhode Island, allow^ me to refer you to a report; signed by 
him in common with Edward Cranrield and four other of 
their persistent enemies, dated Oct 20, 1683, ( 7^. /. Col. Rec. 
Vol. Ill, po(jts 140 to 145, ) and to Edward Cranfield's 
letter to the Board of Trade, of Oct. 19, 1683, ( ibid, images 
146 ((/kI 147, ) also to letter of Governor and C(mipany of 
Massachusetts Bay to Dudley, on his assuming his duties, aS 

Gov. Samuel Cranston. 341 

President of the Dominion of New England, dated May 20, 
168G. ( ihid'pacje 203.) 

Remember also, that Pynchon, Stoughton and Saltonstall, 
three of those who had signed the report of Oct. 20, 1683, 
with Cranfield and Dudley, were of President Dudley's Coun- 
cilj that, for four years, he had been one of the Commission- 
ers of the United Colonies,whose inveterate and untirino- 
hostility to Rhode Island need not now be urged. No name 
more odious to the people of Rhode leland, could have been 
selected from her multitudinous ill-wishers. 

Reflect too, that on an expedition for purely military pur- 
poses, he, Dudley, is not attended by Aides de Camp, and 
military functionaries, but by the members of the civil gov- 
ernment of Massachusetts. No wonder that the governmont 
and people of Rhode Island were struck with consternation, 
and that the Quakers, as he styles them, gave vent to expres- 
sions of indignation, which, in his partial appreciation, seemed 
indecent. Their situation seemed to them, as it seems to me, 
to be almost desperate; the long struggle of their lives,and of 
the lives of their fathers, was about to culminate in their 
subjection to Massachusetts, or rather, they were to become 
an integral part of a Royal Province which Massachusetts, to 
all intents and purposes then was. ( It is observable that 
Gov. Dudley styles Rhode Island a Province, in his report, ) 
in which her voice would never be again regarded, and which 
fate could not. by them, be otherwise regarded than as worse 
than the bondage of Egypt. 

The presence of the Council of Massachusetts, on Rhode 
Island soil, where they could have no pretence of jurisdiction 
was not an accident, the intention v/as, that Dudley should 
take his obligation, under his Commission, in presence of the 
Massachusetts Council, it being supposed, that the Rhode 
Island Council would refuse to administer it, in this he was 

342 Narragansett Historical Register. 

foiled, Gov. Cranston, with admirable judgment, administered 
tlie oath to him, thus defeating this well concerted scheme. 

Samuel Cranston, by his first wife, Mary Hart, daughter 
of Tlnmias and Freeborn ( Williams ) Hart, had: 



Mary, v Thomas, 

John, vi Frances, 

James, vii Hart. 

Samuel. No issue by second wife. 


Papers presented by George K. Cranston, of Providence. 

/. Genealogical sketch of the Families of Cranston, 
Craiojord &c. 

Fi'om the Providence Gazette of Ocioher 23, 1813. 
Printed and Pnhlished by John Carter. 

Prepared by the Honorable Theodore Foster. 

The several families of Cranston who reside in the town of 
Foster, Rhode Island, are descended from that Lord Cranston 
whose marriage with a daughter of the distinguised Earl of 
Buccleugh, is immortalized by Scott, in his " Lay of the last 
Minstrel," that celebrated metrical romance being founded 
on real incidents which attended it. The Court Armour be- 
longing to that family is mentioned by Mr. Scott, in a note 

The Cranston Family. Appendix. 343 

to one of his poems. Through Lord Cranston's family they 
are descended from the families of the ancient Earls of Craw, 
ford, Bothwell and Traquair, and through them related by 
blood to the present Royal Family of Great Britain, for Lord 
AV illiam Cranston, so created by James 6th., King of Scotland 
Nov. 19, 1609, had a son, James Cranston, who married 
Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of Sir Francis Stuart, Earl of 
Botliwell, and grandson of James 5tli., which James Cranston 
had a son, John Cranston, who married Christian Stuart 
daughter of Sir Robert Stuart, predecessor of the Earl of 
Traquair, also descended from the Royal Family of Stuart, 
which John Cranston was grandfather of John Cranston, who 
when a young man came from Scotland to Newport, in the 
time of Oliver Cromwell, and married Mary Clarke, daughter 
of Jeremiah Clarke, was one of the petitioners for the Charter 
granted by Charles 2nd., and was afterwards Governor of the 
State, and died while holding that office March 12, 1680. 
He came from Scotland in consequence of the temporary de- 
pression of the family under Cromwell, his great Uncle Lord 
William Cranston having attended King Charles 2nd., in the 
battle of Worcester Sept. 3, 1651, was made prisoner, con- 
fined in the Tower of London, had his estate confiscated, and 
was particularly excepted out of Cromwell's Act of Indemnity, 
though the title and estate were afterwards restored to the 
family, which they now enjoy in Scotland. Governor John 
Cranston had a son Samuel Cranston, who was also elected 
Governor of the State, and served in that office 29 years suc- 
cessively, without opposition, viz: from 1698 to 1727, having 
died while holding that office, just after his 30th. election. 
He was one of the proprietors of the Westquodnoid Purchase 
in the south part of the Town of Foster, Rhode Island. They 
Imve genealogies and family memorials certified from the 

344 Naruagansett Histoiucal Register. 

Lyon Heraldry Office in Edinbnrgli, and otherwise indnbita- 
biy authenticated proving their descent for generations from 
Lord William Cranston, who married Helen Lindsay, dangh- 
ter of James Lindsay, predecessor of the Earl of Crawford, 
and ancestor of all the name and blood of Crawford, descen- 
ded from Gideon Crawford, who came from Scotland and 
settled in Providence in consequence of his relationship to 
the Cranston family, then poAverfnl and influential in the 
State, as did also some of each of the families of Carr, Scott 
and Tweedy at Newport, all connected and related to each 
otlier and to the family of Governor John Cranston, all dis- 
tinguished in their day, and from all of whom are many re- 
spectable descendants in different parts of this State, Caleb 
Carr haviiip; been Governor of this State in 1695 and Gideon 
Craw^ford one of the most distinguished citizens of Providence 
of wdiich Town he was a number of years one of the Repre- 
sentatives in the General Assembly, his daughter Anna Craw- 
ford having married Peleg Carr of Newport Nov. 29, 1711. 
All these families are descended from Scottish families men- 
tioned in the notes to the "' Lay of the Last Minstrel " and 
other poems of Mr. Scott. 

These minutes are made from the before mentioned me- 
morials of the Cranston families in Foster, which also contains 
a curious and interesting genealogical ajid biographical ac- 
count of their immediate ancestors in a lineage of 26 genera- 
tions from William the Conqueror, son of Robert, Duke of 
Normandy, descended from Canute the second Danish King 
of England. William the Conqueror was born in 1027 and 
married Matilda, daughter of Baldwin 5th. Earl of Flanders, 
and from him their genealogy is regularly deduced, with his- 
torical refeiences, from which it appears that their ancestors 
may be traced back in various lineages of the ancient Royal 

The Ckanston Family, Appendix. 345 

Families oE Europe for more than a Thousand years, having 
had 10 ancestors in the English Royal Lineage, viz; William 
the Conqueror, his son Henry 1st, Matilda daughter of Henry 
1st., crowned Queen but set aside by King Stephen, Henry 
2nd., Henry 3rd., King John, the three first Edwards, and 
Henry 7th., descended from John of Gaunt, 4th son of King 
Edward 3d., which Henry was grandson of the before named 
James 5tli., King of Scotland, whose daughter the famous 
Mary Queen of Scots, was mother of James 1st., of England 
and 6tli. of Scotland, the crown of both nations having been 
united in him on the death of Queen Elizabeth March 24, 

II. Letter from Theodore Foster to the Editor of 
the Providence Gazette. 

John Carter, Esq. 

Dear Sir 

Foster, Oct. 7, 1813, 

The family of Cranston has heretofore been greatly distin- 
guished and influential in this State, Gov. John Cranston 
having been nearly related to King Charles II. for whom the 
Cranston fanily suffered much. He was one of the petitioners 
for the Charter, which is now the Constitution of the State. 
He came to Newport when young in consequence of the per- 
secution of the Family by Oliver Cromwell. His uncle was 
one of the seven Scottish Lords, taken at the battle of Wor- 
cester, when Charles I, army was defeated, and his father or 
grandfather having been Chaplain to King Charles I, and 
the family nearly related to the Royal Family, and whose 

346 Nauragansett Historical Register. 

cause they espoused. Lord Cranston was singled out for per- 
secution and confined in the Tower of London, soon after 
wliich, his nephew came to this State and married Mary 
Chirke, daugliter of Gov. Walter Clarke.* Their son Samuel 
Cranston, ^vas 29 years Governor of the State and many of 
the principal Founders of the State are descended from them 
and their connections. One of their descendants, Miss Zilpha 
Cranston died in this Town on the 28th ult., in the 24th. year 
of her age. She was a very worthy and a very amiable char- 
acter. I have enclosed an obituary notice of it which it would 
much gratify her friends to have published in your paper if 
you think it proper on the occasion. It is sent to no other 
office by advice of several of us this way who take your paper, 
which is brought to us by Mr. Cooke, and the numerous 
friends and connections of the family will be much gratified 
to see it in your useful and entertaining Gazette, and I be- 
lieve it will be a(!ceptable to the Public from the historical 
information which it contains interesting to the descendants 
of those families of whom Walter Scott has published so 
many valuable and entertaining anecdotes iu his notes to his 
Poems. Should the whole be published or only the First 
two or First three paragraphs it will gratify the friends of 
the family if you will strike off Ten extra copies for them for 
which I will see you paid fully to your satisfaction. 

I am with much esteem and respect ready to serve you at 
all times as occasion shall offer ; 

Your old Friend & Servant in haste : 

Theodore Foster. 

* According to the records at Newport Gov. John Crans- 
ton married Mary, daughter of Jeremiah, not that of Gov. 
Walter Clarke, in 1658, as stated in the text 

The Cranston Family. Appendix. 347 

g^^ This obituary notice of Miss Zilplia Cranston being 
a personal matter has been omitted from the text here printed 
in the article to which this letter alludes. 

///. Letter from Theodore Foster. 

Foster, October 16, 1822. 
Barzillai Cranston, Esq.; 
Dear Sir: 

The distinguished rank which the family of Cranston have 
holden in this State, for which it has furnished two memorable 
and much esteemed Governors, — John Cranston and Samuel 
Cranston, father and son, -- the latter of whom served 29 years 
in that office viz : from 1698 to 1727 when he died while 
holding the office of Governor just after his thirtieth election, 
added to the friendship and sincere esteem which I have had 
for your parents ever since I have been acquainted with them 
and their family, an acquaintance which began about the be- 
ginning ofthis Century, induced me to collect from various 
authentic sources an historical account of the family. This 
account 1 htive entitled " Memoirs of the Cranston Family in 
the Town of Foster in the State of Rhode Island, descended 
from the ancient Royal Families of Scotland, England, France 
Spain, &c., with interesting particulars of the family and their 
ancestors in connection with the History of the State and the 
Counties in which they resided." 

In several of the last interviews which I have had with you 
and in some of your letters you informed me of the failure of 
the descent of the title and honors to known heirs in Europe 
and that it was probable that they had legally descended to 
one of that name in tliis State, and possibly to one of this 

348 Nahragansett Historical Register. 

Town. This induced me to promise you some extracts from 
those memoirs by ^Yhich you may better trace out the geneal- 
ogy of the Family and their title to any existing honors of 
the Family in Scotland or elsewhere. 

I therefore begin those extracts in this letter intending to 
continue them in a series of letters which I shall mark numer- 
ically from this date, in the hope, if they answer no other 
puri)()se they will at least gratify a laudable curiosity to know 
something of our ancestors who have been honorably distin- 
ouished in tlieir oenerations, Avhose memory ought to be 
transmitted to their latest posterity. 

Extracts from Memoirs of the Family of Cranston, in 
the Toton of Foster, in the State of Bhode Island &c. 

" The family of Cranston took their name from the Lands 
of Cranstovn in Mid Lothian in the County of Edinburgh in 
Scotland, a few miles from that City. Thomas de Cranstoun 
in the year 1329 in the Reign of King David II, obtained a 
Charter of the lands of his name and from him descended 
Sir John Cranston of that Ilk, whose only daughter and 
heiress was married to Sir William Cranston of Morriston, 
a branch of his own family, which Sir William Cranston was 
by King James VI, of Scotland, afterward James I, of Eng- 
land made Captain of the Guard and November 19th., 1609, 
Baron Lord Cranston in Mid Lothian, near Edinburgh, where 
the family resided, were distinguished and flourished for 
several hundred years. The Seat there was at length sold to 
the Dalrymple family previous to the year 1729, when the 
30th. edition of Chamberlain's Present State of Great Britain 
was published in Avhich at the 298tli. page, the seat is men- 
tioned under the name of Cranstoun, " once Lord Cranstoun 
now John Dalrymple." But the principal Seat of the Family 

The Cranston Family. Appendix. 349 

is at Craeliiig in Roxburghshire, as mentioned in Salmon's 
Short Views of the Scottish Nobility, printed in London 
A. D. 1759, lent to the writer of these memoirs at Newport, 
June 17, 1801, — see page 135 of that work, — Salmon in 
the last mentioned work says, " the Right Hon. James Crans- 
ton in the County of Edinburgh, succeeded his father, the 
late Lord, and married Sophia, daughter of Jeremiah Brown. 
William, the late Lord Cranston, married Lady Jane Kerr, 
daughter of William, the second Marquis of Lothian, by 
whom he had the present Lord, viz; in 1759, and William, 
an officer of the army who died in Dunkirk in 1753. Of this 
family was Efric de Cranstoun, who was witness to a Charter 
of William King of Scots to the Abbey of Holy Rood House." 

The writer of these memoirs was at the house of Mrs. Mary 
Styles in Newport, wddow of the late Rev. Ezra Styles, Pro- 
fessor of Yale College, on Wednesday June 17, 1801, which 
said Mary Styles was daughter of Benjamin Cranston, descen- 
ded from Governor John Cranston, and had in her possession 
a memorial in the handwriting of Governor Samuel Cranston, 
which she lent to the writer hereof, and which he copied in 
the evening of that day at the house of Mr. Benjamin Bren- 
ton, a descendant of Governor Samuel Cranston, in these 
words, viz: 

" Our grandfather James Cranston, was Chaplain to King 
Charles First, was son to John Cranston and Christian his 
wife, daughter to Sir Robert Stuart, predecessor of the Earl 
of Traquair. John Cranston was son to James Cranston, 
( brother to John, Lord Cianston, ) and Elizabeth his wife, 
daughter to Francis Stuart, Earl of Bothwell, and which 
James was son of William, Lord Cranston and Helen his wife 
daughter to James Lindsey, predecessor of the Earl of Craw- 


William, Lord Cranston, 
James Cranston, 
Jolin Cranston, 
James Cranston, 
John Cranston, 
Samuel Cranston." 
The foregoing- is a true copy from the memorial in the 
handwriting of Governor Samuel Cranston, which was lent to 
me by Mrs. Mary Styles, as before mentioned, and copied 
here at Foster Oct. IG, 1822. 

Witness; Theodore Foster. 

I intend writing to you again soon and to forward to you 
coi)ies from the Lion Heraldry Office,* foimerly kept at 
Edinburgh, relative to the Genealogy of the Cranston Family 
for which Twelve pounds Sterling wns paid by Mrs. Forquah- 
er on behalf of Governor Samuel Cranston. Accept my sincere 
thanks for several copies of the Rhode Island American, which 
you have given and sent to me by mail, and believe me, as I 
am very sincerely 

Your friend: 

Theodore Foster. 
* P. S. Joseph Kinnicutt Angcll, Esq., of Providence, 
has informed me that the ancient records of that cfBce are 
now in London. 

IV. From the Iihode I.^Jand Re iMhJi can, published at 
Neiojjort July G, 183G. 

Meviors of Bhode Island. 
Death of Gov't Samuel Cranston. 

The Cranslon Family. Appendix. 351 

Unfortunately but little has been preserved of the life of 
Gov'r Cranston. His high examples unsullied fame and use- 
ful life, procured him the applause and esteem of all who 
knew him. As Governor of this State he stood preeminent 
and it is no disparagement to others if we assign him the rank 
of the ablest among the able that have filled that station 
either before or since. 

He was the son of John Cranston, who was Governor of 
Rhode Island in the year 1C80. After sustaining various 
other offices in this gov(?rement he was elected Governor some 
time in the year 1697, doubtless by the General Assembly, 
in the room of Walter Clarke, who was chosen the May pre- 
vious, and must have resigned during that political year, 
when Governor Cranston was elected his successor in office. 
These facts are drawn from the Court Records, the Records 
of the General Assembly for the year 1697 being mostly 
missing. He continued in the office of Governor from tliat 
time until his death, which occurred April 26, 1727, having 
been elected to that office thirty times in succession. 

He was called to the Chair of State in one of the most 
dangerous and embarassing periods of the Colony's history, 
possessing in an eminent degree the talents to carry it through 
the storms that assailed and perils that threatened its political 
existence. He conducted the little barque of State with wis- 
dom, prudence and economy, and left her to his successors 
with a government practically settled, a people happy, pros- 
perous and free. The people rendered a just tribute to the 
man, while living, by electing him for their chief magistrate 
for a much longer period than any one before or since, and 
after his death when the rage of party became exceedingly 
violent in the Colony, some now living have heard the aged 
people regret tluit state of things and compare it with the 

352 Narragansett Historical Register. 

peaceful and liap|)y days of the good old Governor Cranston. 
He was endowed with a sound painstaking' and discrimina- 
ting' mind, and must liave been a good scholar for that day^ 
from his handwriting and diction, much of which is still ex- 
tant, the latter was plain, comj)rehensive and laconic. His 
handwriting and signature possessed an ease, plainness and 
elegance not often exceeded at the present day. He was an 
able and impartial judge as appears by his decrees and decis- 
ions, still to be seen on record. He possessed a considerable 
landed estate, in various parts of the Colony, viz : Narragan- 
sett, Greenwich and Providence, as appears by his will now 
before us, a farm of 100 acres in Newport lying on the west 
side of the road leading to Middletown, anda little beyond the 
windmills, which 100 acres is now possessed by Wm. Thurs- 
ton and others. This farm he ordered to be sold to pay leg- 
acies. His homestead house was the one owned and occupied 
by the late Governor .Gibbs, on the west side of Thames 
street. Within 50 years there have been old people who 
remembered seeing him sitting in the stoop under a tree 
smoking his pipe. His father's, John Cranston's residence, 
was on the other side of the street and stood some distance 
back. It was built of stone and was taken down by the late 
Cliarles Feke, some time since the revolutionary war, but the 
house occupied by the last Governor Cranston is still standing 
and in good repair. We are informed by tradition that in 
early life he went a voyage to sea and was not heard from in 
some years and that he was supposed to be dead, and liis wife 
having an offer of marriage accepted it and was on the eve 
of s(demnizing the marriage ceremony, but Cranston having 
arrived in Boston hastened homewards, and at Howland's 
ferry just before night was informed that his wife was to bo 
married that evening. With increased speed he flew to New- 

The Cranston Family. Appendix. 353 

port, but not until the wedding guests had begun to assemble. 
She was called by a .servant into the kitchen, a person being 
there who Avished to speak with her. A man in a sailors ha- 
bit advanced and infoimed her that her husband had arrived 
in Boston, and that he requested him to inform her that he 
was on his way to Newport. This information induced her 
to question the man very closely. He then told her that he 
had seen her husband at Rowland's ferry that very afternoon, 
and that he was on his way to Newport, He then stepped 
towards her, raised his cap, and pointed to a scar on his head, 
or forehead, and ,said, " do you recollect that scar?" from 
which she at once recognized her husband actually in her 
2 r3sence ! He then entertained the wedding guests with a 
history of his adventures and sufferings, having been captur- 
ed by pirates and not liaving had the opportunity or means 
of communicating the fact to her. Having at last escaped 
out of their hands on his way home he arrived at Boston and 
from thence to Howland's ferry, and from there with increased 
anxiety and speed to the arms of his wife. This anecdote 
was narrated to a person now living by an aged woman who 
died 40 or 50 years since, and who w^as personally acquainted 
with Governor Cranston's family. 

His person was small, of dark complexion, a quick black 
searching eye. His deportment procured the respect and 
esteem of those acquainted with him. He was particularly 
urbane towards children and young people. 

He was liberal to the poor and placed in the hands of his 
executors a legacy to be used for charitable purposes. In 
short, he was impartial, benevolent and good, attached to no 
particular sect, but always anxious for the public good. 

We have seen an anc'ent manuscript in the cabinet of the 
Historical Society, viz : " He did not assemble with any sect 

354 Nakragansett Historical Register. 

nor attend any i)ul)lic' meetings. The Charter granted a un- 
iversal lihertj of conscience and he was a keep at home pio- 
testant. He was an impartial and good man." 

One donhle tomhstone covers the father and son, and lies 
in the common burying place in Newport containing the fol- 
lowing inscriptions. 

" Here lieth the hody of John Cranston, Esq., Governor of 
the Colony of Rhode Island, &c. He departed this life 
March 12th. 1680, in the 55tli. year of his age. 

Here lieth the body of Samuel Cranston Esq. late Gov- 
ernor of this Colony, aged 68 years, and departed this life 
April 26th., A. D., 1727. He was son of John Cranston 
Esq. who was also Governor here in 1680. He was descend- 
ed from the noble Scottish Lord Cranston, and carried in his 
veins a stream of the ancient Earls of Crawford, Bothwell 
and Traquair, having for his grandfather James Cranstoun, 
Clerk, Chaplain to King Charles the First. His great grand- 
father was John Cranston of Bool Esq; this last was son to 
James Cranston Esq. which James was son of William, Lord 

Rest happy now brave patriot without end. 
Thy Country's father and thy Country's friend." 
Governor Cranston's wife Mary, was buried in the Clifton 
burying place. She was the daughter of Freeborn Clarke, 
by a former husband. Said Freeborn Clarke was daughter 
of Roger Williams, who first settled the Town of Providence. 
She is also buried in the Clifton burying place, where a grave 
stone is erected over the mother and daughter, which is en- 
graved as follows : 

Tlie body of mother and daughter. 

Here interred doth rest 

Wlien pious souls without any doubt 

Are forever blest. 

The Cranston Family. Appendix. 355 

Here lies interred Mary late Here Ijeth interred Freeborne 
the wife o£ Samuel Cranston late the wife of Walter Clarke 
Esq. Governor of this Colo^iy Esq. late the Gov'r and Dep. 
who deceased the 17th. day Gov'r of this Colony, who de- 
of the 7th. month, Sept. in ceased the 10th. of 11th. 
the 48th. year of age month called January, in the 

1710. 73d. year of her age 


Gov'r Cranston's hist wife was named Judith, but it is 
probable his children were by his wife Mary, who was a grand 
dauohter of Roofer Williams. Their names were : 

Mary, who died unmarried. 

John, eldest son, born 1686, died Oct. 15, 1745. 



Thomas, settled at Swansey, and died at sea. 

Frances, married Jahleel Brenton. 

Hart, married Nathan Hatch. 

The only descendant of Gov'r Cranston in tlie male line, 
that we now know of is Bai-ziliai Cranston, of Providence, 

A detailed genealogical account of the Cranston family Is 
preserved in the Cabinet of the Historical Society in Provi- 

V. Genealogical JVotes, 

Edward I, was born 1239, married Eleanor, 1254, crowned 
Aug. 19, 1274, married Princess Margaret Sept. 8, 1299, 
and died July 7, 1307. 

Eleanor died 1290. 

Princess Margaret was born 1281. 

la.ul, by Eleav.ov ^^a.-gbto J ^^ . ^ ^,^,,^ 
„„1 Leon, „.amea in 125* ^"a f,o„ Edward 1, Kuig 

Govevnov Jol,n Cv--ton d .c > ^^^ ^^ p, .^j^, „1^ 

.,f England, by Mavg.ue , 2n • wite,^^^ g 

Kingof Fvan-,, '"^^^^ England, Scotland and 

Wales," Vok. 1 and H, A , g^^^__^^^^^ 

^^/ TfiM 0/ Mary Stanton, ( Wite 
,.Hl widow o£ Join. »^ 

? S P.o.ecUunelO,1711.Sl,en.en- 
DatedNov «t. 1-OS. ^,_^^^ Benjanon Cranston, 
tions five children, S=i"'''<" g,,^ ,j,o mentions 
Elizabeth Brown, and H^^J^; jj,,,, John and Robert 

- i" law •'""-' I^--::! 51 Cranston, ( son of Sam- 
Brown, scn.s ot John l'"^;' ' ^ j^ Cranston. 

„el Cranston, ) and grand-dangMei M 

^ In a future ^^^^^^^^^ from the Lrliest 
,u. ancient genealogical f^'^-^^ ,,^ emigration of certain 
,eeords extant down to *''« t™^^'^^\;„, „ interesting mat- 
,„e,nbers to tins ^;".">*.y' ,^^^| ,, J influential fan.ily. The 
ter iUustrath.g ^^^ TJte family history is respect- 

,,,aer or owner ot tins ''W '* ^^ ' j^,. f„t,„,.e reference^ 
Wly requested to l'f«;'™ */,;\toicll papers or record, of 
,, ■'.■ i...„;,i,r ci-enealoiiical oi nistoin.u iJ f „nmes 

The recokd of old smithfield. 

1732 to 1850. 

By the Editor. 

Continued from Vol. VII., imcje 163. 



Sabin Thomas, and Mary Brown; m. by \Villiam Arnold, 

Justice, Mar. 4, 1741-2. 
Sandborn Stephen, o£ Jonathan, dec, and Aranda Colvin, 
formerly of Scituate, dau. of David; m. by John 
Pain, Justice, Apr. 13, 1740. 
Saulsbury Sarah, and Obediah Ballon; Dec. 26, 1740. 
" Susannah, and William Irwin; Nov. 2, 1748. 

" Philip, of Peleg, and Betsey Smith, of John; m. 

by Rev. Reuben Allen, Jan. 12, 1840. 
'' Emeline, and James E. Moffatt; Apr. 12, 1845. 

" Sarah, and Abel Steere; June 1, 1846. 

Saunders Samuel, and Abigail Mowry; m. by Thomas Steere 
Justice, Aug. 9, 1752. 
" Esek, of Johnston, R. I., son of Henry, dec, and 
Abigail Angell, of Christopher; m. by Rev. 
Samuel Winsor, Jan. 11, 1778. 
" Mary, and Daniel M. Inman; Dec 23, 1839. 
" Lucy, and Elislia R. Waterman; Jan. 22, 1843. 

358 Narragansett Historical register. 

Sawyer riulenu S., and Llbbeus Gaskill; Oct. 19, 1841. 

" William, of Providence, and Mary Ann Wood, of 
Sniitldield, dau. of Jonathan and Betsey, of At- 
tleboro, Mass.; m. by Rev. Warren Lincobi. Nov. 
3, 1850. 
Sayer Edward G., and Lncy H. Wbitaker; ni. by Rev. Reu- 
ben Allen, Oct. 6, 1839. 
Sayles Elizabeth, and Jonathan Mowry; Mar. 13, 1736. 
'' Eliza, and Jonathan Mowry; Mar. 13, 1726. 
" Capt. Richard, and Alice Arnold; m. by William 

Arnold, Justice, May 14, 1738. 
'• Mary, and Benjamin Ballard; July 27, 1738. 
" Richard, Jr., and Abigail Hawkins; m. by Thomas 

Sayles, Justice, Sept. 2, 1742. 
" John, Jr., and Martha Arnold; m. by William Jenck- 

es. Justice, Dec. 19, 1742. 
" Anne, and Sylvanus Sayles; June 12, 1746. 
" Sylvanus, of Thomas, and Anne Sayles, of John, m^ 
• by Thomas Steere, Justice, June 12, 1746. 

'' Elisha, and Martha Inman; m. by Thomas Sayles, 

Justice, Sept. 10, 1747. 
" Margaret, and Elkanah Sherman, Oct. 18, 1747. 
" Phebe, and Stephen Sayles; Feb. 4, 1747-8. 
" Stephen, of Thomas, Esq., and Phebe Sayles, of John, 

m. by Thomas Sayles, Justice, Feb. 4, 1747-8. 
" Ezekiel, and Rebecca Pain; m. by Thomas Lapham 

Justice, May 14, 1749. 
" Daniel, and Susannah Jdlson; m. by Thomas Sayles, 

Justice, Feb. 11, 1749. 
" Joseph, and Patience Ballon; m. by Thomas Lapham, 
Justice, July 10, 1752. 

Old Smithfield Records. 359 

Sayles Gideon, and Sarah Sliippee; m. by Thomas Lapham, 

Justice, July 26, or Aug. 23, 1752. 
'^^ Jonathan, and Elizabeth Pain; m. by Stephen Sly, 

Justice Aug-. 24, 1755. 
*' Thomas, and Mary Slocum; m. by Daniel Mowry, Jr. 

Justice, June 13, 1757. 
'' Zilpha, and Job Mowry; Mar. 20, 1760. 
'' Mary, and Uriah Alverson; Apr. 16, 1761. 
" Elizabeth, and Simeon Smith; Apr. 7, 1762. 
^"^ David, and Anne Smitli; m. by Izreal Sayles, Justice, 

Aug. 10, 1763. 
" Sarah, and John Mowry; Mar. 19, 1765. 
'' Rhoda. and Elijah Phillips; Aug. 29. 1765. 
^' Anne, and James Appleby. Apr. 12, 1770. 
" Euth, and James Arnold; Aug. 22, 1771. 
" Mary, and Thomas Smith; Jan. 9, 1772. 
^' Ishmeal of John, aiul Deborah Aklrich, of Samuel; m. 

by AVilliam Winsor, Justice, Oct. 7, 1773. 
■^^ John, of Richard, and Abia Pain, of Benjamin; m. by 

Daniel Smith, Justice, Jan. 31, 1774. 
" Leah, and Benjamin Newell; Aug. 13, 1775. 
" Oziel, of Sylvanus, and Sylvia Bowen, of Richard; m. 

by Uriah Alverson, Justice, Jan. 7, 1776. 
^' Esek, of Smithfield, and Sarah Cov/en, of Glocester; 

m. at Glocester by Timothy Willmarsh, Justice, 

Dec. 30, 1776. 
" Ellis, and Beriah White; Dec. 18, 1777, 
" Stuteley, of David, and Abigail Alverson, of Uriah; 

m. by Stephen Brayton, Justice, Mar. 5, 1780. 
-'' Smith, of Smithfield, and Abigail Scott, of Bellin^-- 

ham, Mass.; m. ])y Uriah Alverson, Justice, July 

30, 1780. 

360 Naruagansett Historical Register. 

Sayles Rachel, and Clnlstoplier Will)iir; Nov. 15, 1781. 

John, ))(1. son of John, and Teinar Cook, of Samuel; 

m. by Stephen Arnohl, Justice, Dee. 27, 1781. 
Stephen, and Rose Shippee; m. by Uriah Alveison, 

Justice, Jan. 2, 1783. 
Aniie, and Stephen Jenckes, Aug-. 5, 1784. 
Charles, of Sylvanns, and Charlotte Mowry, of Step- 
hen; m. by Uriah Alverson, Justice, Jail. 27, 1785. 
Jolm, of John, and Ainie Mowry, of Philip; m. by 

Stephen Arnold, Justice, Nov. 5, 1786. 
Abigail, and Jesse Jenckes; June 28, 1787. 
Renjaniin, of Jonathan, and Lydia Smith, of Jeremiah; 

m. by Rev. Edward Mitchell, June 28, 1787. 
Hannah, and Joseph Mowry; Dec. 5, 1792. 
Jonathan, of Jonathan, and Zerviah Mowry, of Philip- 

m. by John Sayles, Justice, Aug. 15, 1793. 
Charles, of Sylvanns, of Smithfield, and Lydia Peters, 

of Mark, of Glocester; m. by John Sayles, Justice, 

Aug. 24, 1794. 
Zerna, and Welcome Harris; May 26, 1796. 
Gideon, of Jonathan, and Sally Ballon, of Cumberland, 

dau. of Benjjimin; m. Joel Aldvich, Justice, Fel). 

26, 1797. 
Martha, and Israel Arnold; Jan. 6, 1799, 
Lydia, and Noah Smith; Aug. 21, 1801. 
Irene, and Job Randall; Feb. 27, 1803. 
Nathaniel, of John, Jr., and Zerviah Steere, of Enoch- 

m. by Daniel Winsor, Justice, May 1, 1806. 
Cak'b, of Esek, of Smithfield, and Rlioda Smith, of 

James, of Glocester; m. by Richard Steere, Justice, 

May 4, 1806. 
Polly, and George Aldrich; Apr. 30, 1807. 

Old Smithfield Records. 361 

gajles Nathaniel, of John, and Mrs. Anna Aldrich, of Shnon; 
m. by Samuel Man, Justice, Jan. 26, 1812. 

" Thankful, and David Wilkinson; Dec 27, 1812. 

^' Joel, of Stephen, and Catharine Emerson; m. by Rob- 
ert Harris, Justice, June 23, 3813. 

'' Urania, and Tyler Mowry; Mar. 16, 1815. 

" Rachel, and Simeon Newell; Mar, 28, 1819. 

^' Parley, and Thomas Enches; Feb. 14, 1820- 

^' Joanna, and Jesse B. Sweet; Dec. 25, 1821- 

" Abigail, and Adin Ballon; Jan. 17, 1822. 

'' Sally, and Henry Scott; Feb- 6, 1822. 

^* Levina, and William Enches; Jan. 3, 1823. 

■" Ricliard, of Smith, and Fannie Jeffers, of John; m. 
Mar. 16, 1823. 

^' Ephriam, of Smithfie\l, son of Jonathan, and Esther 
Mowry, of Burrillville, dau. of Jeremiah; m. by 
Syria Steere, Justice, Mar. 18, 1830 

"^^ Thomas, of Providence, and Olive Swan; m. by Rev. 
Reuben Allen, June 17, 1839. 

^' Jane, and Nelson Gardiner; July 25, 1839. 

'^' William S-, of Scituate, son of Robert, and Amanda 
Leavens, of Oliver, of Smithfield; m, by Rev. Reu- 
ben Allen, Feb. 17, 1840. 

*' Rachel, and Jesse Phetteplace; Jan. 28, 1841. 

" Joanna, and Onn Hunt; Dec. — 1849. 
Scholes Hannah, and Richard Hollowell; Mar. 1, 1848. 
Scholfield Martha, and William H. Sherman; May 13, 1849. 
Scott Freelove, and David Razy; Mar. 12, 1738. 

-' Mary, and Charles Capron; Dec. 16, 1742. 

" Abraham, and Martha Jen ekes; m. by William Jenckes, 
Justice, Mar- 3, 1745-6. 

" Elizabeth, and Daniel Cook; Dec. 25, 1746- 

362 Nahhagaksett Histoiuoal Register. 

Scott Josq)l», and Leah Capion; m. by William Arnold, Jus- 
tice, June 21, 1750. 

" Sarah, and Eleazer Brown; Dec. M, 1758. 

"• Jeieniiah, and Sarah Brown; m. by Jahez Harris, Jus- 
tice, Dec. 24, 1762. 

" Sylvanus, and Jeiusha BroAvn; m. by Daniel Mowry, 
Jr. Justice, Nov. 19, 1767. 

'•' Sarah, and Benjamin Sheklon; May 19, 1771. 

" Abigail, and Smith Sayles; July SO, 1780. 

" Mary, and Isaac Comstock; Oct. 25, 1801. 

" Henry, of Jeremiah, of Smithfield, and Sally Sayles, of 
Cumberland, diiughter of Capt. David, dec; m. by 
Thomas Man, Justice, Fel). 6, 1822. 

" George W., of Cumberland, and Eliza Ann Blanchard, 
of Smithfield; m. l)y Rev. John Borden, Jr., June 
10, 1844. 

" Charles A., of Providence, son of Charles, and Mary 

A. Field, of do, dau. of George Augustus; m. by 
Rev. Henry Waterman, Dec. 2, 1844. 

" John, of Tlunnas and Susannah, and Elizabeth G. Wat- 
son, of Champlain L. and Elizabeth G.; m. by Rev. 

B. P. Talbot, Oct. 16, 1848. 

" William H., of Smithfield, son of David and Lydia, of 
North Providence; and Sarah F. Thomas, of George 
D., of Smithfield; m. by Rev Warren Lincoln, Apr. 
28, 1850. 

Schouler Patrick H., and Agnes McDougall, m. by Rev. 
Edwin Leigh, Apr. 4, 1844. 

Seagraves Sullivan, of Uxbridge, and Ann Janett B. Bealsj 
UK hy Rov. T. A. Taylor, Jan. 5, 1842. 

Shan John, and Lydia A. Horton, widow; m. by Rev. T. A. 
Taylor, Nov. 27, 1845. ' 

Old Smithfield Becobds. 

„ ^ 1 1 T?..fl,pr Tucker, of Morris; m. 

Sheaf e Caleb, o£ Joslnm, Es hex i»cX , 

Kv Rev Edward Mitchell, Apr. 1, !/»'■ 

J. by Stephen Arnold, Jn^tu*, May 19, 1771. 
" Anne, and Rouse Potter; Aug^^C, 177o_ 
" Rebecca and Rufns Phillips; May 1, 1' '7. 
. til en of Benjamin, and Elizabeth Mathewson, of 

Si.; in. bi Edward Medbury, Justice, Oct. 13, 

. Lnkfof Benjamin, and Mercy Ahlrid,, of Samuel; 
,n byThoiimMan, Justice, Oct. 24, UJJ- 
A a:of'Beiijanii„, and Mary Hawhins oUabez; m. 

b; Ananius Mowry, Justice, May 6, 1804 
Vienna, and James Wilkinson; June 10, 1810. 
. Adehne, and William S^^"^'^^f"^^\^'- '"' ''''• 

", f -',t ?n:t»,'ML! and'saiTL. Jennison, 
Sheple ^o.^^;^ ,;^ ^^^_ ,. ,_ Taylor, Oct. 20, 

Sherlock Sea, and David AWerson; No- 4, 1^54. 
a Martha, and Jonathan Shippee; D^«- ''' ^'^*- 
" FarY, and Joseph Chace; Nov. 30, 17!i&. 
« Sn of Uxhridge, and Sarah f-.^^'^-^;- ' 
ham; m. by Thomas Lapham, Jristice Jan. 1, 17bl. 

Sherman Hannah -«\J-^"-^^f^';';:L m.^by TlLmasLap- 
Elkaiiali, and Margaret bayles, m. ujy 

ham, Justice, Oct. 18, 1747. ^ 

.. Elizabeth, and Alverson; Apr. 20, 174«. 



3G4 Nahbaga.,sett Historical Register. 

n ^^ „f TfiTPtev and Wealtlilan Matliewson o£ 

. sif a'; I'f Cbavles C Mowrj; June 16 1839. 

. Lois, and Reuben S. Studley; Mar 22 ^f^^ 

u Frances Amanda, and Albert Tdhngbast Hains, 

Feb. 25, 1841. 
.. David P., and Mary H. Brown; m. by Rev. Wil- 

liam Verinder, Nov. 3, 1844. 
a Martha A., and Marsball J. Mowry; J""^ Y^f ' 

u William H., of Lawton A. and Nancy, and Martha 
Scholfield, of John and Sarah; m. by Rev. 15. 
P. Talbot, May 13, 1849. 
a Ann E., and Erastus G. Gardiner; Jan 1^^ ^851 

Shippee Hannah, and William Heavens; Jan. 14, 1732-d. 
a Mehetable, and Edward Bishop; Jan. 14, IJdZ-d. 

Thomas, and Ruth Mowry; m. by Thomas feayles, 

Jnstice, Mar. 29. 1735. 
Martha, and James Daniels; Sept. 2U, i^^^- 
Job, and Rose Shippee; m. by Thomas Sayles, 

Justice, June 25, 1738. 
Rose, and Job Shippee; June 25, 1738. 
Mary, and Joseph Herendeen; Nov. 12, 17^1^. 
Henry, and Zerviah Brown; m. by Thomas Sayles, 

Justice, July 29, 1743. 
Mercy, and Eleazer Albee; Nov. 6, 1743. 
Zerviah, and Jacob Mowry; Jan. 3, 1843-4. 
Nathan, of Smithfield, and Mary White, of Ux" 
bridge; m. by Thomas Sayles, Justice, Jan. 22, 

Joseph, and Bethiah Herendeen; m. by Thomas 
Sayles, Justice, Aug. 2, 1744. 





Old Smtthfield Eecobds. «^6^ 

SbiDPee Margaret, and Tliomas Jeuckes, Apr. 4, 1745. 
bmppee mcUi, , q„„„1, Plnlkoir m. by Tliomas 

" Cliristoplier, and Sarah bUiiison, m. j 

Sayles, Justice, June 20, 1746. 
u Samuel, and Sarah Mowry; m. by Thomas Steeie, 

Justice, Feb. 1, 1746-7. 
.. Peter, and Zerniah Herendeen; m. by Thomas 

Steere, Justice, Dec. 28, 1748 
.. Sarah, and Gideon Sayles; July 26, or Aug. 23, 

u Jonlthan, and Martha Sherlock; m. by Thomas 
Latham, Justice, Dec. 9, 1754. 
Solomon, and Martha Herendeen; m. by Stephen 

Sly, Justice, Dec. 11, 1755. 
Nathaniel, and Sarah Arnold; m. by Daniel Mowry, 

Jr., Justice, Dec. 3, 1758. 
Hettabel, and Izreal Herendeen; Mar. 19, 1759. 
Patience' and Benajah Cady; Sept. 13, 1759. 
» Ruth, and John Hutchinson; Apr 23, 1760. 

u Sarah, and Benjamin Ballard, Sept^ 6, 1764 
. Martha, and Stephen Herendeen ; May 3, 1767_ 
u David, of Nathan, and Rhoda Herendeen; of Eb- 
enezer; m. by Richard Sayles, Justice, Jan; 1, 

u Bethiah, and Sylvanus Matbewson; June 19, 1774. 

" Rose, and Stepl.en Sayles; Jan 2, 178.1. 

u John, of John, and Mary Staples of Natlmn; m. by 
Ananius Mowry, Justice, Mar 12, 180J. 

.' Nancy, and Elijab Brown; May *> !«"_ 
Sbirt Ellen, and William Re^orthy; Apr 27 1848. 
Sboles Eveline, and James Wood; Oct. 11, ^f^' 
Sibley Abigail, and David W. Streeter; July 25, 1839. 



o 1 ITpvhriE Anioia, of Benjamin; late oE 
Bolton, Conn., m. i>} i^t^. 
Si„o. .Tan,e. F.and L,.ui.a Bennett, m. by Be.. S. S. B..ul 

« Stnieu S„ ana Mavy Jane Pitts; ,«. by Rev. T. A. 

Slater Stephen, Ji., ''"^ '"''''y 

Tayb.v, Dec. 23, lb39. 
« Ehoda A., ana J»bn L. St.nn=son; Jnly 31 1.4o. 
Slocun. Mavy, and Sayles; J"'- ;^' {^'{.gg 
" Elkabetb, and Samuel Cooper; ^1'- 20, "bO 
« Benja„,in, Jr., of Eenjamn, and Sava . M, w.y ot 
Elisha; m. by Caleb Aldvi.h, Justice, June o, 1774. 

( To he Contimied in our next. ) 

This nnnd,ev of the Register is worth a careful rea<li.,g. 
Dv Turner-sable article on the Cranston Fan^^^yV^^»- 
Hrly worthy of study. The Doctor not only grves a biog- 
l;t Int a hltory of I critical period in I^l;f Wa^^pC ^ 
„I.l he shows at some length the n.eans used to lod th pla. 
of the usurpers. It is with pleasure we announce the f, t 
that the Doctor will in future contribute other papers as full 
,t Lt as the one above alluded too. With several very 
„fullv prepared papers already in hand and the promised ^ 
,,■ ..vend more now in course of preparation, we flatter on. 
selves that the next volume of the Register will be enabled 
to furnish a rich treat to ks readers. 

Editorial Notes. 367 

The Vital Becord of BJiode Island. We are piisliiiig 
ail our resources looking towards the publication of the initial 
volume in the new year. Just as soon as the subscription 
list will warrant the publication, then just as soon will the 
work be placed in type. Its price will probably be FIVE 
dollars, and will be a work that no one will feel is not worth 
more than the money asked for it. We are in hopes to be 
able to make more definite announcement of the work in our 
next number. 

The Editor of the Register is very thankful to those of the 
Rhode Island Press who have spoken so very kindly in their 
papers, of his forthcoming work, the Vital Record of Rhode 
Island. With such encouragement w^e feel that we can labor 
on the work with increased energy. The work so far is the 
best part of seventeen years labor and when published will 
be as fine a work of reference on Rhode Island Genealogy 
as has ever yet been issued from the press in this or any other 

About 1765, a Mr. Clarke, the night before his marriage 
was to have taken place, was walking on the beach with a 
friend, whose name is unknown, when they were both taken 
bv a Press Gaup- and carried to the West Indies, and worked 
as slaves in a sugar house. Clarke made his escape and after 
an absence of three years returned and married his lady love. 
What was his given name, of what town was he a resident^ 
and what was the name of his friend ? 

He had a son Payne, and a daughter Polly, wdio married a 
Brown. A daughter Elizabeth, born about 1770, married 
Jonathan Rathbun, about 1785. Whose son was Jonathan, 
and in what town was this marriage? 

3G8 Nakkagansett Histohical Register. 

In the next number of the Register we shall publish an in- 
terestino- letter written by Gen O'Hara to Gen Coiihoj, the 
Coniuuuuler of His Majesty's forces, on board of His Ma- 
jesty's Shi}) Orpheus, 1782. This letter is interesting- from 
its views of the pLms of the campaigns of His Majesty's 
Commanders looking towards the suppression of the Rebellion 
of the United Colonies, 1775 to 1782. 

Poor generalship, if successful is applauded, while the most 
skillful movenu^nts, if unsuccessful is condemiied by those 
who are in the mood to be critical or fault finding. 

j^^ Note. After the enclosed matter was placed in type 
and sent to Dr. Merrill for correction, an unforeseen delay of 
four weeks ensued in which the printer supposed that his 
manuscript had miscarried or become lost, and he accordingly 
printed his copy after making such corrections as he was able. 
Not being familiar with the Doctor's manuscript lead him into 
a few errors which he now takes the opportunity to correct 
from the returned proof sheets. 

Page 282, lead Wilcocks of Brighlingsea, and same for Kent 
and London. Also read Tottenham Court, instead as printed. 
Page 284, read ship Bona Nona. 
Page 285, read Bridgeport and Stratford. 
Page 286, read a juror in 1645, and Sarah, Lucy, read Sarah 

Page 287, read Bushwick, L. I. 
Page 290, read Feltsville. 
Page 291, read Hiram for Hurain. 
Page 292, read Sherebrooke. 
Page 293, read Emma and Alma for Erurua and Alrua. 


A Hlstoyncal Magazine for the Peoi^le. 


PUBLISHERS. \ |2 i^er annum j editor. 

Vol. VII. Providence, R. I., Oct., 1889. No. 4. 

THE recokd of old Smithfield 

1732 to 1850. 

By the Editor. 

Continued from Vol. VII., page 366. 



Sly Rose, and SkijDper Fairfield; Sept. 1, 1736. 
" Stephen, and Sarah Sprague; m. by David Comstock, 

Justice, Sept. 17, or Oct. 15, 1738. 
" Sarah, and Elisha Cook; Jan. 27, 1742-3. 
^' Lydia, and Nicholas Haskins; Apr. 30, 1744. 
*' VVilliam, and Eunice Cook; m. by Jabez Harris, Justice, 

Nov. 5, 1761. 
" Sarah and Peter Whipple; Oct. 12, 1769. 
" Mercy, and Benjamin Appleby; Sept. 15, 1771. 
" Mary, and Jonathan Millard; Jan. 3, 1774. 

370 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Smith Joliu, of Thomas, and Abigail Aklrich, of Samuel; 
Alio-. 22, 1723. 

" Richard, of Smithfield, and Sarah Hawkins, of Wil- 
liam, of Providence; m. by Valentine AVliitman, 
Justice, June 19, 1733. 

" Abraham, and Rebecca Smith; m. by Thomas Sayles, 
Justice, June 9, 1734. 

" Rebecca, and Abraham Smith; June 9, 1734. 

" Jonathan, and Anne Wright; m. by Thomas Sayles 
Justice, Jan. 19, 1734-5. 

" Daniel, and Mercy Aldrich; m. I)y William Arnold, 
Justice, Aug. 3, 1735. 

" Ruth, and Ebenezer Thornton; Oct. 8, 1735. 

" Barsheba, and Joseph Eddy; Nov. 23, 1735. 

" Noah, and Abigail Mowry; m. by Thomas Sayles, 
Justice, May 30, 1736. 

" Amie, and Tlnnnas Arnold, Jr.; Nov. 9, 1737. 

'' Benjamin, of Glocester, and Mary Winsor, of Smith- 
field, dan. of Joshua; m. by Thomas Sayles, Jus- 
ti(;e, Nov. 7, or 26, 1738. 

" Mary, and Abraham Winsor; Apr. 2, 1740 or '41. 

" Ruth, and Neal Dempsey; May 3, 1743. 

" Mercy, and John Winsor; Oct. 13, 1743. 

" Susannah, and John Man, Jr.; Jan. 27, 1744. 

" Sarah, and Samuel Cook; Dec. 14, 1746. 

" Sarah, and Nathan Staples; Oct. 4, 1747. 

" Martha, and Gideon Dexter; Aug. 21, 1748. 

" Joshua, and Amie Herendeen; m. by William Arnold, 
Justice, July 5, 1750. 

" Mary, and Jeremiah Wilbur; Aug. 5, 1750. 

" Caleb, and Martha Mitchell; m. by William Arnold, 
Justice, Oct. 25, 1750. 

Old Smithfield Records. 371 

Smith Ruth, and Daniel Wilbur; Dec. 13, 1750. 

" Benjamin, and Abigail Walling; m. by Wm Arnold, 

Justice, Nov. 13, 1752. 
Sarah, and Abraham Winsor; Nov. 24, 1752. 
Abigail, and Joshua Winsor; June 26, 1755. 
Dorcas, and Gideon Mowiy; Oct. 22, 1756 
Mary, and John Jones; Feb. 8, 175- 
Mary, and Jesse Jenckes; Sept. 11, 1757. 
Lydia and Izrael Brown; Dec. 15, 1757. 
John, 3d., and Mary Phillips; m. by Daniel Mowry, 

Jr., Justice, 1757. 

Mary, and David Hogg; Apr. 15, 1759. 

Jeremiah, of Jacob, and Levina Olney, of Obediah; 

Oct. 4, 1759. 
Abigail, and Job Aldrich; Dec. 26, 1759. 
Mary, and Samuel Ballon; Jan. 29, 1761. 
John, of Philip, and Phebe Ballon; m. by Samuel 

Winsor, Justice. Apr. 15, 1761. 
Elisha, Jr., and Elizabeth Appleby; m. by Daniel 

Mowry, Jr., Justice, Jnly 9, 1761. 
Rhoda, and Samuel Thompson; July 16, 1761. 
Simeon, and Elizabeth Sayles; m. by Samuel Winsor, 

Justice, Apr. 7, 17a2. 
Anne, and David Sayles; Aug. 10, 1763. 
Noah, and Keziali Man; m. by Daniel Mowry, Jr., 

Justice, Aug. 25, 1763. 
Sarah, and Mijamin Taft; Oct. 30, 1763. 
Mrs. Rispey, and Stephen Steere; Oct. 28, 1764. 
Martin, and Mary Mowry; Nov. 4, 1764. 
Mary, and David Ballard; Nov. 18, 1764. 
Rhoda, and Ichabod Ballard; Feb. 5, 1767. 
Fail, and Kesia Herendeen; m. by Daniel Mowry, Jr., 

Justice, Feb. 21, 1768. 

372 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Smith Natliuniel, and Haniiali Appleby; in. by Daniel Mow- 

ly, Jr., Jnstlce, Mar. 1, 1768. 
" Anna, and Anthony Phillips; Apr. 2, 1769. 
" Anne, and Edward Medbury; Apr. 5, 1770. 
" Phebe, and Richard Mowry; May 6, 1770. 
" Hannah, and Mark Aldiith; Sept. 27, 1770. 
" Jean and John Streeter; Ajir. 13, 1771. 
" Hannah, and Job Mowry; Jan. 1, 1772. 
" Thomas, of John, and Mary Sayles, of Elisha; m. by 

Stephen Arnold, Justice, Jan. 9, 1772. 
" Ezekiel, ol Smithfield, son of Col. Richard, and Anna 

Mowry, of Daniel Jr., Esq.; m. by William Winsor, 

Jnstice, Jnne 24, 1772. 
" John, of Noah, dec, and Sarah Wilkinson, daughter 

of Hezekiah Spragiie dec,; m. by Daniel Mowry, 

Jr. Justice, Nov. 8, 1772. 
" Emer, of Capt. Daniel, of Smithfield, and Sarah Smith, 
of Daniel, Esq.; m. by Daniel Mowry, Jr., 

Justice, Feb. 14, 1773. 
" Sarah, ann Emer Smith; Feb. 14, 1773. 
" Anna, and John Steere: May 9, 1773. 
" Resolved, of Philip, and Abigail Whipple, of Thomas; 

m. by Rev. Ezekiel Angell, Sept. 12, 1773. 
" Patience, and David Angell; Sept. 1, 1774. 
" Oliver, and Aiethere Herendeen; m. by Uriah Alver- 

son. Justice, Feb. 21, 1779. 
" Esek, of Joshua, and Mary Brown, widow, daughter 

of Thonuis Shippee; Sept. 3, 1780. 
" Jiini, of Elisha, and Martha Appleby, of James; m. by 

Rev Ezekiel Angell, Mar. 24, 1782. 
" Levina, and Obed Pain; Oct. 7, 1784. 
" Waite, and Thomas Appleby; Nov. 14, 1784. 

Old Smithfield Records. 373 

Smith Lydia, and Benjamin Sayles; June 28, 1787. 

" Dutee, of Daniel, and Huldali Mo wry, of Stephen; 

m. by Rev. Edward Mitchell, June 18, 1789. 
" Jeremiah, of Daniel, and Joanna Wilkinson, of Step- 
hen; m. by Rev. Edward Mitchell, Dec. 15, 1790. 
^' Samuel, of John, of Glocester. and Urania Mowry, of 

Stephen, of Smithfield; m. by John Sayles, Justice, 

Jan. 20, 1791. 
" Samuel, and Hope Doten; both of Plymouth. Mass., 

m. at Plymouth by Rev. Chandler Robbins, Mr.y 

31, 179i. 
'' Mary, and Jonathan Ballon; May 23, 1793. 
" Esek, of Emor, and Desire Eddy, of Zephaniah; m. by 

Elisha Olney, Justice, June. 19, 1794. 
" Levina, and John Mowry; Oct. 17, 1798. 
" Abigail and Daniel Smith; Feb. 7, 1799. 
" Daniel, of North Providence, son of Edward, and Ab- 
igail Smith, of John, of Smithfield; m. by Edward 

Medbury, Justice, Feb. 7, 1799. 
" Rufus, of Enock, and Sarah Phillips, of John, m. by 

Elisha Olney, Justice, Sept. 5, 1799. 
" Noah, of John, and Lydia Sayles, of John, 3d., m. 

by Ananius Mowry, Justice, Aug. 21, 1801. 
" Adah, and Job Lapham; Nov. 8, 1801. 
" George, of Jeremiah, and Mary Farnum, of Stephen- 

m. by Thomas Man, Justice, Mar. 11, 1804. 
" Phebe, and Reuben Mowry; Dec. 30, 1804 
•' Mary, and George Chace; Feb. 7, 1806. 
•^ Rhoda, and Caleb Sayles; May 4, 1806. 
'•' Silas, of Junia, dec, and Betsey Harris, of Jonathan, 

Jr.; m. by Thomas Man, Justice, May 25, 1806. 

374 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Smith Jesse, of Jonathnii, dec, and Lorana Wilbur, of Dan- 
iel; m. by Thomas Man, Justice, May 19, 1808. 

" Sarah, <^»t^ Natban B. Spraoue; Apr. 15, 1813. 

" Wealthy, and Allen Brown; Apr. 10, 1817. 

" Jonathan, of Jacob, and Nancy Richardson, of Isaac; 
m. by Caleb Farnum, Justice, Aug-. 10, 1817. 

" Sarah, and Joseph Pain; Feb. 8, 1818. 

" George C, of Jolnij and Mary Sprague, of Cumber- 
land, dau. of Gideon; m. by William Aldrich, Jus- 
tice, Dec. 31, 1818. 

" Willinm, of Jacob, of Smithfield, and Urania How- 
land, of Mendon; m. by Henry S. Mansfield, Jus- 
tice, June 19, 1822. 

" Huldali M., and Alias Mowry; May 18, 1823. 

" Sophronia, and Ebenezer B. White; Mar. 10, 1825. 

'' Dan, of Smithfield, & Elizabeth Mowry, of Burrillville; 
m. by Reuben Walling, Justice, Feb. 3, 1828. 

" George, and Lucy Iroiis; m. by Henry S. Mansfield, 
Justice, Dec. 18, 1828. 

" Obediah, and Huldah Phetteplace; m. hy Asa Win- 
sor. Justice, Oct. 25, 1829. 

" Hannah, and Jonathan Pain; Nov. 3, 1830. 

" Arnold, of Smithfield, and Louisa Gushing-, of North 
Providence; m. by Arnold Spear, Justice, Feb. 27, 

" Sarah, and Jeremiah Whipple; June 4, 1834. 

" Leander, and Almira Maria Irons, both of Burrillville; 
m. by Nicholas S. Wiusor. Justice, Aug. 18, 1839. 

" Lucetta, and Henr/Pollock; Aug. 18, 1839. 

" Russell, and Eliza Herendeen; m. by Nicholas S. 
Wiusor, Justice Aug. 26, 1839. 

" Betsey, and Philip Saulsbury; Jan. 12, 1840. 

Old Smithfield Records. 375 

Smith Maiy, and William W. Perry; May 11, 1840. 

" Henry M., and Susan B. Perry; m. by Rev. T. A. 
Taylor, Aug. 31, 1810. 

" Plielje, and George Munroe Appleby; Sept. 21, 1811. 

*' Stephen, 2d., of Oliver, and Mercella Ballon, of Den- 
nis; m. by Ephraim Saylcs, Justice, Oct. 10, 1841. 

" Mary, and Isaac Taber; Dec. 19, 1841. 

" Sterry, of Thomas, and Eliza Ann Curtis; m. by Obed 
Pain, Justice, Oct. 16, 1842. 

" Lyman, of Obed::;h, ai:d Lydia Elliot, of William; m. 
by Obed Pain, Justice, Mar. 26, 1843. 

" Welcome, and Sarah B. Bullock; m. by Rev. T. A. 
Taylor, Apr. 18, 1843. 

" Louisa M., and Zeberra R. Randall; May 2, 1844. 

^' Thomas, and Mrs. Elsa Richardson; m. by Rev. T. 
A. Taylor, May 2, 1844. 

" Orin, and Sally H. WilHams; m. by Rev. B. P. By- 
ram, May 19, 1844. 

" Emer, C, of Burrillville, and Jedidah Handy, of 
Smithfield; m. by Rev. T. A. Taylor, June 4, 1844. 

" Albert, and Maria S. White; m. by Rev. T. A. Tay- 
lor, June 17, 1844. 

^' Martha Ann, and John B, Deake; Apr. 15, 1845. 

" Adah F., and George M. Appleby; Apr. 24, 1845. 

" Mary, and James Lamas; June 7, 1845. 

" Nelson, of Junia, and Nancy Potter, of Izrael of Crans- 
ton R. I., m. by Rev. Junia S. Mowry, Feb. 2, 

" Elizabeth C, and Erastus Robins; May 6, 1846. 

^^ Emer, and Mercy Ann Aldrich; m. by Rev. T. A. 
Taylor, Oct. 19, 1846. 

376 Nakragansett Historical Register. 

Smith Henry S., and Susan A. Holburton; m. by Rev. Charles 
Hyde. June 28, 1847. 
" Porter, and Susan Smith, m. by Rev. D. L. McGeer, 

Dec. 23, 1847. 
" Susan, and Porter Smith; Dec. 23, 1847. 
" Edwin L., of Sharon, Mass., and Mary W. Handon 
of Smithfiehl; m. by Rev. T. A. Taylor, July 4 
" Elizabeth, and Abraham Beaumont, Jr.; June 10, 1849 
" James F., and Matilda Fletcher; m. by Rev. C. H 

Titus, Mar. 25, 1850. 
" Reuel P., of Reuel and Judith, and Laura F. Aldrich 
of Dutee B. and Hannah R., m. by Rev. B. P 
Talbot, May 15, 1850. 
" Elisha D., of Brattleboro, Vt., son of William and 
Julia A. Mowry, of Spencer, of Smithiield; m. by 
Rev. B. P. Talbot, Oct. 24, 1850. 
" Alexander, of West and Sarah, and Eliza Cozzcns, 
widow, daughter of Cliristopher and Charlotte Pot- 
ter; m. by Rev. B. P. Talbot, Apr. 13, 1851. 
" Daniel, and Minerva Mowa-y; m. by James Johnson, 
Justice, Aug. 27, 1853, 
Snow Fidelia, and Oliver Ross; Oct. 28, 1841. 

" Caroline, and Silas Handy; Dec. 31, 1848. 
Southwack John, of Smithiield, and Chloe Bartlett, of Joseph, 
of Cumberland; m. by Stephen Arnold, Jus- 
tice, June 5, 1766. 
*' Heber, of John, of Mendon, Mass., and Mercy 
Cass, of Amos, of Smithfiehl; m. Elijah Arnold, 
Justice, Dec. 14, 1804. 
" James, of Zaccheus, and Destimona Cook, of Eli; 
m. by Elijah Arnold, Justice, May 24, 1812. 

Old Smithfield Records. 377 

Spaulding' Nathaniel, of Joseph, and Lydia Harris, of Preser- 
ved, m. by Ichabod Comstock, Justice, Oct. 
27, 1774. 
" Nathaniel, of Smithfield, and Thankful Whipple, 
of Cumberland; m. by Rev. Stephen Place, Oct. 
25, l'«98. 
" Joanna S., and Franklin Munroe Arnold; Mar. 29, 

'' Elisha, and Phebe Pond; m. by Rev. T. A. Taylor, 
Mr.y 30. 1847. 
Spear Lydia, and David Wilkinson; Apr. 25, 1773. 
" Nancy, and Seth Appleby; June 26, 1800. 
" Arnold, of Elkanah, and Avba Mowry; of Gideon; m. 
by Ananius Mowry, Justice, Oct. 30, 1808. 
Spencer Lucy Ann; and Benjamin P. Greene; Nov. 30, 1843. 
Sprague Jonathan, 3d., and Mary Mowry, both of Providence; 
m. by Elisha Knowlton, Justice, Mar. 6, 1727. 
" Ruth, and Henry Wliitman; May 24, 1732. 
" Phebe, and Peter Wliipp e; Apr. 15, 1733. 
" Nathaniel, and Abigail Comstock; m. by David 

Comstock, Justice, Oct. 1, 1733. 
" Zerviah, and Azariah Comstock; Apr. 20, 1735. 
" Ebenezer, and Bethiah Thayer; m. by William 

Arnold, Justice, June 2, 1735. 
*' Joseph, and Martha Benson; m. by William Arnold, 

Justice, Sept. 9, 1736. 
^' William, Jr., and Rebecca Ballon; m. by Daniel 

Jenckes, Justice, Apr. 10, 1738. 
" Nehemiah, and Mary Brown; m. by David Comstock, 

Justice, Apr. 16, 1738. 
" Sarah, and Stephen Sly; Sept. 17, or Oct. 15, 1738. 
" Rachel, and Nicholas Peck; Febl8, or June 10, 1739- 

378 Nahhagansett Historical kegister. 

Sprague Urania, and Abel Aklricli; Nov. 3, 1741. 
" Elizabeth, and Joseph Bassett; Jan. 7, 3741. 
" Alice, and Joseph Bassett; Jan. 7, 1741. 
'' Capt. William, and Mis. Mary Walling; ni. by Thom- 
as Sayles, Justice, Aug. 26, 1744. 
" Samuel, and Josejiha ( or Jerusha ) Mitchell; m. by 

William Arnold, Justice, Mar. 24, 1745. 
" Amos, and Mercy Comstock; m. by William Arnold, 

Justice, Apr. 7, 1745. 
" Ruth, and Ezehiel Angell; July 29, 1745. 

" Sarah, and Daniel Alien; Aug. 11, recorded, 

Mar. 3, 1745-6. 
" Abigail, and Samuel Cruff; Mar. 15. 1745-6. 
" Obediah, and Saiah Cowen; m. by David C()nisto(k, 

Justice, June 26, 1748. 
" Mary, and Josej h Bennett; Dec. 8, or Jan.— 1749. 
" Hadassah, and Stephen Angell, Jr.; Oct. 21, 1750. 
Susannah, and Josejjh Hall, Jr.; June — 1751. 
Lydia, and Enoch White; Aug. 31, 1755. 
Alice, and Barick McDonald; Dec. 18, 1757. 
Sarah, and Stejjhen Wilkinson; Apr. 9, 1760. 
Joseph, and Deborah Brown; m. by Rev. John Win- 

sor, June 28, 1761. 
Marcy, and William Harris; Oct. 16, 1763. 
Eiias, and Meicy Bassett; m. by Stephen Sly, Jus- 
tice, Aug. 5, 1764. 
Hezekiah, and Mary Ballon; m. by Richard Sayles, 

Justice, May 8, 1767. 
Nehemiah, of Smithfield, son of Nehemiah, and Alice 
Bassett, of Glocester, daughter of Joseph; m. by 
Daniel Mowry, Jr., Justice, May 26, 1770. 
Phebe, and Daniel Man; May 3, 1772. 

Old Smithfield Records. 379 

Sprague Anne, and Charles Bennett; May 2, 1775. 

" Elislia, of Smitlifiekl, son of Samuel, and Rebecca 
Cole, of Scituate, daughter of Jonathan; m. by 
Silas Williams Justice, Oct. 31, 1776. 

" Jonathan, of Elias, and Patience Pidgesley, of Rob- 
ert, of New Grafton, Mass.; m. by Peleg Arnold, 
Justice, Aug. 12, 1785. 

" Michael, and Mary Harris; m. by Rev. Edward Mit- 
chell, Feb. 11, 1790. 

^•' Hosea, of Nchcminh, and Chloe Streeter, of Rufus; 
m. by Joel Aldrich, Justice, June 27 1798. 

" Nathan B., of Capt. Daniel, and Sarah Smith, of 
Darius; m. by Dutee Winsor, Justice, Apr. 15, 

" Mary, and George 0. Smith; Dec. 31, 1818. 

" Parthenia, C, and Daniel G. Fales; May 3, 1829. 
Squire Edward H., and Sophronia Sweetland; m. by Rev. 

C. H. Titus, Jan. 7, 1849. 
Standish Mary S., and Robert H. Aldrich; Mar. 5, 1843. 
Stanley Lydia A., and Daniel L. Clarke; Jan. 9, 1851. 
Staples Nathaniel, and Mary Hudson; m. by Jonathan 
Sprague, Justice, June 23, 1734. 

" Mary, and Edmund Arnold; Dec. 24, 1738. 

" Mary, and Benjamin Ballard; Mar. 15, 1738-9. 

" Martha, and Abraham Ballon; Feb. 3, 1739. 

" Mary, and Anthony Comstock; May 1, 1744. 

" Nathan, and Sarah Smith; m. by William Arnold, 
Justice, Oct. 4, 1747. 

" Robert, of Smithfield, and Elizabeth Bishop, of At- 
tleboro, Mass., m. by Thomas Steere, Justice 
Sept. 1, 1748. 

" Lydia, and Samuel Holbrook; Sept. 26, 1750. 

380 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Staples Judetli, and Arnold. Pain; Sept. 19, 1754. 

" AVilliani, of Thomas, of Sniithfield, and Mary Com- 
stoek, once Wright, of Johnston, E. I.; m. hy 
Daniel Mowry, Jr., Justice, Nov. 15, 1772. 

" Hannah, and John Man; Mar. 1, 1775. 

" Hannah, and Seth Mowiy; Feb. 23, 1792. 

" Mary, and John Shippee; Mar. 12, 1809. 

" Thomas N., of Smithfield, and Almira Inman of 
Burrillville, daughter of George; m. hy Nathan- 
iel Mowry, Justice, May 26, 1822. 

" Ephraim M., of Scituate, and Clarrissa D. Hopkins, 
of Smithfield, daughter of Eleazer; m. hy Rev. 
Reuhen Allen, Jan. 30, 1840. 

" Nathan, and Chilone Rencham. m. hy Rev. David 
Curtis, Feb. 20, 1840. 

" Ezeklel, of Cumherland, and Mary Ann Craven, of 
Smithfield; m. l)y Rev. Thonus C. Brown, June 
18, 1846. 

" Esther J., and Cyrus D. Heath; Mar. 13, 1848. 

( To he Conthmed In our next. ) 

The Arnold Family. The Editor of the Register has 
been for several years preparing notes looking towards a pub- 
lication of a Genealogy of the Arnold Family. He would 
esteem it a great favor iF those readers of the Register who 
have notes and records of the family Avill be so kind as to 
furnish him with copies of the same. As much as possible 
please to send dates and take pains to (d)tain them. A date 
is rhe most important item for upon that all the rest depends. 
When dates arc not (d)tainable, then do the next best thing 
by sending the names of the family members. 


A Smnmary of Rhode Island Policy. 

By Samuel H. Allen. 


The Federal Ascendency of 1812. 

ILLIAM JONES, of Providence, was not only the 
first, but the last and only Federalist Governor of 
Rhode Island. 

Governor Jones doubtless owed his election to the passao-e 
of the " Embargo Act," and other acts of like character by 
Congress, and the support given these measures by the Strict 
Construction or Jeffersonian Party, then known as the Repub- 
lican, now as the Democratic Party, as a measure of retaliation 
against Great Britian for persisting in the impressment of 
American Seamen. Congress on the fifteenth of April 1806, 
passed a resolution, prohibiting the importation from Great 
Britian or her Colonies, or from any other countries, of cer- 
tain articles of British manufacture. The Republican party 
and its predecessor, the Anti-Federal party, had elected the 
five General State Officers and the ten State Senators, then 
elected on a General Prox, since Rhode Island had been a 
member of the Federal Union except in 1799, when George 
Brown, of South Kingstown, a Federalist, defeated Samuel 
J. Potter, for Lieutenant Governor. 

382 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Tlie provision cf the Charter by ^Yhicll emh of the original 
towns, Providence, Portsmouth and Warwick, were entitled 
to four each and Newport, to six Representatives; while but 
two Representatives could be elected from any other town in 
the State, a decided advantage to the Federalist party in the 
semi-annual contests for the election of members of the House, 
the four towns named being almost certain to return Federal- 
ist members. Only a freen)an could vote and a freeman must 
be a freeholder or the eldest son of a freeholder. The coun- 
try towns gave a larger vote than the commercial towns in 
proportion to the population. In order to control the Grand 
Committee, the Federalist needed more than ten majority in 
the House. From October ll^iO, until October ]h'02, with 
the exception of from May to October 1795, and from Febru- 
ary to May 1797, the House elected Fedeialist Speakeis; but 
at the October Session, 1802, Constant Taber, of Newport, 
Republican, was elected Speaker and the Republicans retain" 
ed control of both branches of the Legislature until 1806, 
when Elisha R. Potter, of South Kingstown, was elected 
Speaker. In 1804, the Reiuiblican Electoral Ticket had met 
with no opposition from the Rhode Island Federalists and 
James Fenner, and Benjaimn Howland, Republicans, had de- 
feated Christopher Ellery and Asher Robbins, for United 
States Senators. Joseph Stanton, of Charlestown, and Ne- 
hemiah Knight, of Cranston, Republicans, were the same 
year elected Representatives to Congress without opposition. 
The " Non Importation," resolution passed the United 
States Senate by a vote of nineteen to nine. Senator Howland 
voting for the resolution and Senator Fenner not voting. In 
the House, the resolution passed by a vote of 93 to 26, Re- 
presentatives Stanton and Knight voting- for the bill. 

The Federal Ascendency of 1812. 383 

Notwitlistandiiig- the votes of Messrs Stanton and Knight 
in favor of the ^' Non Importation," resolutions, Neheniiah 
Knight and Isaac V/ilbur, Republicans, defeated William 
Hunter and Thomas Arnold, Federalists, for Congress at the 
August Election, 1806, although it took two trials to elect 
Isaac Wilbur. 

In the spring of 1807, a number of Federalists were elected 
State Senators, on the regular Republican prox. William 
Jones, was elected a member of the House from Providence 
and Elisha R. Potter, was elected Speaker of the House, but 
the Republicans controled the Grand Committee and Elisha 
Mathewson, a Republican, was elected to the United States 
Senate, in place of James Fenner, resigned. 

In 1807, Great Britain, bj " Orders in Council," prohibited 
American vessels from entering any jjort in Europe, except 
in Sweden. France replied by the " Milan Degree," order- 
ing the capture and sale of all American vessels which inten- 
ded entering British Ports. 

December 21, 1807, Congress passed the " Embargo Act," 
forbidding the departure of any vessel from the United States 
for a foreign port. The Embargo Act passed the United 
States Senate, by a vote of 22 to 6. Senators Howland and 
Mathewson voted for the bill. In the house the bill passed 
by a vote of 82 to M. Representatives Knight and Wilbur 
voted in favor of the bill. No member of the Rhode Island 
delegation in Congress took part in the debate pendino- the 
passage of the bill. 

In the spring election of 1808, the Federal prox was suc- 
cessful. There was no contest for the five General State 
Officers. Governor Fenner, Secretary Eddy, and Treasurer 
Taber, Republicans; Lieutenant Governor Martin, and Attor- 
ney General Burrill, Federalists; Senators, Daniel Babcock 

384 Nauragansett Historical Register. 

James Aklrlcli, William Waterman, William Reynolds, Oliver 
Gardner, and Thomas B. Hazard, were on both proxies. At 
the August election, Elisha R. Potter, of South Kingstown, 
and Richard Jackson, Jr., of Providence, Federalists, were 
elected to Congress hy sonie 400 majority over Jonathan 
Russell and Isaac Wilbur, Republicans, 

The vote of Rhode Island in the Presidential election of 
1808, showed that the change of political sentiment in the 
State since the last Presidential election had been decided. 

The Federalists Ticket bore the heading, " True American" 
and the motto " No Foreign influence. No Enibargo, No Land 

The Federalist candidates for electors were : Thcmias P' 
Ives, of Providence, James Rhodes, of Warwick, Christopher 
Fowler, of Newport, and Thomas Noyes, of Westerly. The 
Republican electoral candidates were the same who had been- 
unanimously elected four years before : Constant Taber, of 
Newport, James Helme, of South Kingstown, Benjamin Rem 
ington, of Warwick, and James Aldrich, of Scituate: all men 
of decided Anti-Federalist stamp. The Federalist majority 
was 386 in a total vote of 5758. 

Noveml)er 5, 1808, Francis Malbone, of Newport, Federal- 
ist, was elected United States Senator by a majority of six. 

February 21, 1809, William Jones, was elected speaker 
of the House, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of 
Elisha R. Potter. > 

In the Spring of 1809, the Federal Prox, which bore the 
heading " Anierican Republican and Federal Prox," was again 
successful, although the five General State Officers were elec- 
ted without opposition. 

At various times during the summer and autumn of 1808, 
and especially at the semi-annual election in August, the 

The Federal Ascendency of 1812. 385 

towns of Providence, North Providence, Cumberland, Barring- 
ton, Warwick, East Greenwich, South Kingstown, Exeter, 
Richmond, Hopkinton and Westerly; passed resolutions and 
adopted memorials and petitions to the General Assembly all 
pointing to the Embargo system as the principal and prome- 
nent source of their privations and sufferings. 

At the October Session tliese memorials, petitions and re- 
solutions were presented to the General Assembly. The re- 
solutions adopted by the Town of Providence were presenteel 
])y Jones, who made an address that has never be( n 
published. The manuscript copy is still in the possession of 
one of his elescendants. Some quotations from that address 
will illustrate the sentiments of the Rhode Islanel Federalists 
upon the embargo question. 

" The petition I have the honor to offer is from the Town 
of Providence, with whose rank in the State this House is 
sufficiently acquainteel. I shall therefore only say, that it 
has never been charged with withholding its aiel either in 
money or personal sacrifice for the Avelfare anel happiness of 
this State. 

" The evils that give rise to this petition are great, the pri- 
vations are so severely felt that they call aloud for redress. 
Our National Constitution, Our Palladium, Our dearest rally- 
ing point is violently attacked. Our commerce, the main 
spring of New England's existence is destroyed. Our mer- 
chants property is perishing at the wharves and its owners 
becoming bankrupt. Our traders are obligeel to turn specula- 
tors, Our honest artezans, mechanics anel laborers can fin el no 
employment and misery anel starvation are the consequences. 
Why is all this? If there existed a soliel reason for it and a 
reasonable person to offer it. It ivoulel command my silence. 
The idea of a political embaigo I detest. Why does it now 

386 Naiiuagansett Histohical Register. 

exist? It was conceived in iniquity and bronglit fortli in sin 
Congress had an undoubted right to make an experiment, but 
we have an act hijing an enibargo an indefinite time. But 
when protests are offered what are their arguments? If the 
embaroo is abandoned, a war with Great Britain must follow 
and for what reason, I see none? Why not negotiate as bet- 
ter men in better tinies than these have done ? It is said, 
" We have be^^n injured, insulted." Agreed, and because 
of this, shall we never adjust our differences." 

The General Assend)ly appointed a committee to consider 
these petitions, memorials and resolutions. That committee, 
of which William Hunter was chaiimjin, rep oi ted at the Feb- 
ruary Session. Seme quotalions fr( ui the report of the com- 
mittee throw light upon the political issues of that day. 

" It would be a ])aradox in the histoiy of the human mind 
if a people who from the foundation of their government 
have ever heretofoie manifested the most waim and zealous 
attachment to civil liberty, should regard with indiff'erence 
its extinguisment. It would betray an ignorance of their true 
interests, if they did not esteem the more perfect union of 
these States, as it is declared and provided ior in the Federal 
Constitution, as the parent and perpetrator of their political 
prosperity, that it v»'ould be a reflection on their descerjiment 
and sagacity if they did not foresee that the dissolution of 
the Union may be more surely and s})eedily effected by the 
systematic oppression of the goveniment than by the incon- 
siderate disobedience of the people. The people of the State 
as one of the j)arties to tlie Federal compact, have a right to 
express their sense of any violation of its provisions. Fiem 
an attentive perusal of the aforesaid petitions, your committee 
are already convinced tliat the ptople of this State are averse 
to a foreign war, unless that war be just, necessary and ui a 

The Federal Ascendency of 1812. S87 

voidable. Our situation is exposed beyond comparison; more 
than any other section in this immense country. Our ports 
and harbors so convenient for naval stations, though neglect- 
ed by the present administration, would as the history of the 
former wars evince, immediately attract the attention and 
facilitate the progress of an envading foe, and our capital 
towns and the whole line of our defenceless coast would ex- 
hibit a scene of plunder, bloodshed and desolation. The 
people are more decidedly averse to and more loudly de2)re- 
cate a vv'ar with Grei^t Britain, net that they are insensibJe to 
the w^rongs and injuries they have suffered at her hands, or 
expect any favor from her friendship as distinct from her in- 
terest, nor merely because her means of aggression are more 
formidable and our prepared means of resistance less, but be- 
cause it is apparent from the published diplomatic communi- 
cations between that country and this, that another attempt 
made in the spirit of peace would be crowned with success 
and that by a negotiation fairly and firmly conducted, the 
just and neutral rights of this country could still be establish- 
ed and secured. Their alarms on this subject are the strong- 
er as a waj- with Great Britian evidently implies an alliance 
with France. This consequence is not denied and the design 
is by some openly avowed. France would introduce into our 
country her generals, her tactics, her artillery and her armies 
and wdiat Avould be far more fatally dangerous, her diplomatic 
skill, her deceptive policy, her deluding and fascinating arts 
and if the resistance of a brave people with a happier fortune 
than of so many other nations, should save our liberties and 
the beloved political institutions from being buried under the 
trophies of a splindicl and victoreous despotism, yet the secret 
renown of a foreign political influence would circulate in our 
systems, inflame our party animosities and finally dissolve 

388 Narragansett Historical Register. 

our Niitionul Constitution. Your committee conceive that it 
Avould be unneecessary to show that the Embargo Laws are 
oi)j)ressive, tyranical and subveisive to constitutional rights." 

The General Assembly adopted resolutions embodying the 
sentiments of this rejiort and memorialized Congress, asking 
for a repeal of the Embargo Acts. Similar memorials came 
from other parts of New England. 

The election of Madison and Clinton had indicated that 
the American ])f^ople were in favor of vigorous measure s 
against England, and instead of repeal, in January 1809, 
Congress passed the " Enforcing Act," providijig heavy pen- 
alties for evasions of the Embargo Act. The Enforcing Act 
prohibited the ex])orting tf any goods upon any vessel, loat 
or vehicle out of the United States. Collectors Avere author- 
ized to seize all such goods apparently on their wny to foreign 

The Embargo act bill passed the United States Senate by 
a vote of 20 to 7. Senator Mathewson voting with the Fed- 
eralists and Senator Howland not voting. In the House of 
Representatives the bill pass3d by a vote of 71 to 32. Isaac 
Wilbur voting for and Richard Jackson, Jr., against the bill. 
Mr. Jackson having been elected in August 1808, for the 
unexpired term of Nehemiah Knight, deceased. 

A " Non Intercourse Act," was passed in February 1800, 
in the Senate by a vote of 21 to 12 and in the Ilonse by a 
vote of 81 to 40. Senators Howland and Mathewson, and 
Representative Wilbur voting ii the affirmative and Repre- 
sentative Jackson in the neoative. 

In March 1801), the End)argo was removed except as to 
Great Britain, l)nt was restored later in the year owing to a 
failure of negotiation with Great Britain. 

At the Spring electioji, 1810, the Republican Prox was 

The Federal Ascendenca of 1812. 389 

successful. Lieutenant Governor Martin was defeated by 
Isaac Wilbur, whose votes on the Embargo measures had 
made him particularly obnoxious to the Federalists. There 
was no oi)position to Governor Fenner and the other general 
State Officers. The^ ten Senators were Republicans, and 
Nathaniel Hazard, a Republican, was elected Speaker of the 

In August, Elisha R. Potter and Richard Jackson Jr. 
Federalists, were returned to Congress by a small majority. 

At tho Octobsr Session, the Federalists again had a major- 
ity in the House and William Jones was elected Speaker. 
April, 1810, Congress i)assed an Act by which the Non In. 
tercourse act expired with the end of the Session, but Ships- 
of-war of France and Great Britian were excluded from its 
provisions and during the year France seized a large number 
of American vessels, charging them with trading in British 
merchandise and sailing from British Ports under forged pa. 
pers of the United States. To the remonstrance of the Unit- 
ed Statue against this conduct France issued in May the 
" Rambouillet Degree," ordering the sale of 132 American 
vessels, worth with their cargoes $8,000,000, and extending 
a like confiscation to all American vessels wdiich might there- 
after enter any port in the possession of France, but in con- 
sequence of negotiations with France, in November, President 
Madison issued a proclaimation declaring the Decrees of 
France against American commerce repealed. 

On the 16th. of June, Great Britain followed by announc- 
ing a blockade of all European Ports in league with France 
and forbade vessels from entering them and France in return 
on the 21st. of November declared by the " Berlin Degree " 
a blockade of all British Ports. 

390 Narragansett Historical Register. 

As the time of the Spring election of 1811 approached, 
the connnei'cial interests of the State put forward tlie " Am- 
erican Prox," The candidates on this prox were all Federal- 
ists. James Fenner, a Repuhlican, who had been Governor 
of the State since 1807, had met with no opposition since 
his hrst election^ although the Federalists had elected the 
State Senators in 1808 and 1809. This year his opponent 
was Willijim Jones. Lieutenant Governor Simeon Martin, 
of Newport, who had heen defeated by Isaac Wilbur the 
year before, was again a candidate. The State Senatorial 
candidates were men who had long been prominent in State 
affairs. Moses Lip})itt of Providence, James Rhodes of Wjvr- 
wick, Daniel Babcock of Hopki:iton, Nicholas Taylor of New- 
port, Richai'd Steere of Glocester, Edward Manton of Johns- 
ton, William D'Wolf of Bristol, Oliver Gardner of North 
Kingstown, John Cooke Jr. of Tiverton, and Jerennah Brown 
of South Kingstown. 

The majority for Governor Jones was 172 in a total vote 
of 7598, the largest vote ever polled in the State. 

In 1812, Governor Jones again defeated James Fenner by 
a majority of 234. 

Simeon Martin, Lieutenant Governor, was opposed by 
Daniel Cluimplain of Exeter-. Attorney General, James Bur- 
rill, Jr., by Asher Robbins. 

The year previous, Daniel Babcock, Nichohis Taylor, and 
Oliver Gardnci-, had resigned as mend)ers of the State Senate 
Nicholas C. Northup of North Kingstown, Benjamin Gardner 
of Middletown, and William Rhodes of Westerly, had been 
elected to the vacant places. 

This year, 1812, Richard Steere, John Cooke, and Jere- 
miah Brown, rcti.ed from the State Senate, and Robert Har- 
ris of Smithfield, Joshua Peckham of Newport, and Rowland 
Hazard of South Kingstown, became members. 

The Federal Ascendency of 1812. 391 

The Federalist Prox of 1812, bore the heading " Aiiierieaii 
Prox." Governor Jones was aoain elected. 

Congress passed a bill for a second Embargo, April 4, 
1812, to last 90 days. It prohibited the sailing of any vessel 
for any foreigh port except foreign vessels. This Embargo, 
was dechired to be preparatoiy to a war Avith England. Sen- 
ator Howell voted for and Senator Hunter against the bill. 
In the House Messrs Potter and Jackson voted agfainst the 
bill. The bill passed the Senate by a vote of 20 to 13, and 
the House by a vote of 70 to 41. 

An act declaring w^ar between Great Britain and her de- 
pendencies, and the United States and their territories was 
signed by President Madison, June 18, 1812. The bill pass- 
ed the National Senate, June 17, 1812. Senator Hunter, a 
Federalist, and Senator Howell, a Republican, both voted 
against the passage of the bill. The vote of Senator Howell 
upon this bill was doubtless cast in the negative, in defference 
to the sentiments of his Rhode Island constituency and the 
vote of the General Assembly de])recating a war with Great 

After the declaration of war, Governor Jones called a 
Special session of the General Assembly. The message of 
Governor Jones upon that occasion although brief was expres- 

" My reason for calling you together at this eventful period 
out of the usual course, is to enable me to lay before you a 
letter from the Secretary of State, wdth the President's Mes- 
sage and the Act of Congress, declaring war against the Uni- 
ted Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the dependen- 
cies thereof. I also lay before you a letter from the Secretary 
of V^ ar requiring that this State's quota of Militia as ordered 
at the May Session, should be placed under the command of 

392 Nauragansett Historical Register. 

Major GtMieral Dearborn of the United States Aiiiiy, and tlie 
General's letter requesting me to order them to Newport into 
the service of the United States. This movement of the 
General Government in an apper.l to arms, cannot fail to 
prove very distresshig' to those portions of our State more 
immediately exposed. Notwithstanding our unremitted en- 
deavors to avoid this greatest of human calamities God in his 
iniinite wisdom has seen fit to visit us therewith. Your fel- 
low citizens now look uj) to you to suggest such measures as 
are in your ])ower to prevent as far r^ possible its evil effecis 
on the United States in general and the State of Rhode 
Island in particular. Any measures taken by you (alcn]at( d 
to effect tliose objects will receive my hearty concurrence.' 

The General As.sem])ly appointed a Council of War and de- 
signated the 23d. day of July as a day of fjisting and prayer. 

In the Presidential election of 18] 2, the Federalist ticket 
bore the motto " Clinton Peace and Commerce," while the 
Republican electoral ticket was headed " Whig Electoral Tic- 
ket." The Federalist papers in Rhode Island designated their 
party as the " Peace jarty," and the Rc]:ublican party as the 
" War party." 

The Peace party received 4032 votes and the War part}^ 

The Federalist Prox of 1813, Avas the same as the year be- 
fore and was headed of follows : " American Prox." " Friends 
of Peace, Union and Commerce." 

Benjamin Gardner and William Rhodes, members of the 
State Senate resigned in June and George Irish of Middle- 
town, and Thomas Noyes of Westerly were elected in tl eir 

There was no Republican or War nomination. 

The Federal Ascendency in 1812. 393 

In 1814, the heading' of the Federal Prox was as follows : 
" American Prox." " Friends to Union, Peace, Commerce, 
Agriculture and Manufactuers." All the candidates were the 
same as in 1813. Senator William D'Wolf resigned in June 
and Sylvester Child, Jr., was elected to the vacancy. Samuel 
W. Bridgham was elected Attorney General. 

The Convention known in history as the " Hartford Con- 
vention," but which was called and held as the " New Eng- 
land Convention," met at Hartford, December 16, 1814. At 
the October Session of the General Assembly of Rhode Island, 
Benjamin Hazard, Daniel Lyman, Edward Manton, and Sam- 
uel Ward, had been elected delegates from Rhode Istand. 

In 1815, tlie Federal Prox was headed " American Prox. 
Real Friends of the People." 

No changes in candidates were made. 

The Republican prox was headed as follows : " Farmers 
Prox. Peace, Union of the States. No Hartford Conventions." 

Peleg Arnold was the candidate for Governor. 

The Federal Prox was successful. 
In 1816, the Federalist party won their last victory in Rhode 

The prox of that party this year bore the heading " Fed- 
eral Republican Prox," and William Jones, who had been 
Governor since 1811, received 332 majority over Nehemiah 
R. Knight, the candidate for Governor on the " Republican 
Prox." Jeremiah Thurston of Hopkiuton, was elected Lieut- 
enant Governor, his opponent being Thomas G. Pitman of 
Newport. Samuel Eddy, who had been Secretary since 1797, 
was also on the Republican Prox. Samuel W. Bridgham 
was elected the third time as Attorney General and William 
Ennis of Newport, his sixth term as General Treasurer. 
The ten State Senators were men who have left their impress 

394: Naiitiagansett Historical Register. 

upon the history of the State and their respective ToAvns. 
Nicholas Brown of Providence, James Rhodes of Warvvich, 
Audley Chirke of Newport, Robert Harris of Sniithfield, 
WilHam Steere of Glocester, Sylvester Child Jr. of Warren, 
Nicholas C. Northnp of North Kingstown, Thomas Noyes of 
Westerly, Rowland Hazard of Sonth Kingstown, Stephen T. 
Northham of Middletown. 

Notwithstanding the snccessof the Federjilists in the spring- 
election, there was no opposition to the Repuldican electoial 
ticket in the fall of 1816, although Rnfns King carried three 
States and received o4 electoral votes and at the Congressinal 
election in Angust, James B. Mason, and John L. Boss, Jr., 
the Federalist candidates for had been elected with- 
out opposition. 

In the spring election of 1817, Governor Jones was defeat- 
ed by Nehemiah R. Knight, by a majority of 68. The ten 
Senators elected were Republicans, viz : Philip Martin of 
Providence, Ebenezer Barney of Coventry, Samuel Vinson of 
Newport, Thomas Buffnm of Snuthfield, Robert Hopkins of 
Foster, William Pearce of Bristol, Benjamin Smith of North 
Kingstown, J(din Watson of South Kingstown, William Wil- 
bour of Little Compton, Stephen B. Cornell of Portsmouth, 

The Federalists retained contiol of the House and elected 
Benjamin Hazard of Newpoit, ( one of the delegates to the 
Hartford Convention ) Speaker. 

Governor Jones retired to private life, with the esteem of 
political friends and the respect of political enemies. 


with a Comment on previous Campaigns. 
Presented by Hemy E. Turner, M. D., of Newport. 

Copy of a Letter, written hy General O'Hara to Gen'l 
Conwoy, Commander in Chief of His Majesty'' s Forces, on 
hoard the Orpheus, Frigate, Cap)t. Colpoy''s,from Charles. 
town to Barhadoes cfc Antigua, May 1782. 

[ written hy Josiah Paul Collin, Secretary to General 
CHara. ] 

In a Cover marked, Orpheus at Sea, No^ II . 

Orpheus at Sea. 

The first time you find yourself upon the azure main, in 
some of your Trips to Jersey, as tired as I am, with gazing 
at the sky & waves, and all the wonders of the mighty Deep, 
then, & not before, can I venture to request you to look into 
this Letter. 

I have been employed lately, in so active, turbulent & busy 
a scene, that I quite rejoiced at the temporary respite, I flat- 
tered myself I should indulge in, when embarked on the 
high seas, in my way to the West Indies, where, in the capac- 
ity of Passenger, I could have no sort of employment, & very 
little to think of, & should remain, what I conceive must be 

396 Narragansett Historical Register. 

very pleasant, sometimes perfectly passive in Avoid, tliought & 
Deetl, " et laisser vogner la Palere," ( Happen what may, ) 
till I lantled in the West Indies, in the same good case I was, 
when I sliip})ed on Board the good Bark Orphens -- " Poiset 
da tout," ( Not at all, ) my care & anxieties pursue me in 
every Situation, as every thing' we see, or suppose we see, is 
cause either of alarm or mortification. — A sail in sight, says 
the man at the Mast Head, all the voices from the deck echo, 
a sail, and add, with rueful countenances it is an advanced. 
Frigate from the French and Spanish Fleets, -- or, they are 
American Cruisers, or, probal)lj, a strong Dutch convoy, — 
If I look at the great Chart of the Western Ocean, which I 
do, ten times a day to see what })rogress we make in our voy- 
age, -- that, unfortunately, is not to he done, without seeing' 
the whole hateful shore of America, the West Indies, and 
the Western Coasts of Europe a.nd Africa, and then, how im- 
possible, with all those objects under my Eye, to avoid reflect- 
ing, that almost all the Territories that Chart contains, with 
the undisi)uted sovereignty of that vast ocCan, and all the 
seas it leads to, once belonged to Great Britain, " by God," 
forgive me for swearing, I can't bear to see us shrank up in- 
to the corner of this Chait, ccjnfined to Little Britain, ( It is 
not yet decided who Ireland is to belong to, ) up(ui my Soul 
Mr. Bull, it is very extraordinary to see how very tamely you 
have drawn in your horns, or rather, how shamefully you 
have submitted to have them knocked off, - full of these 
mortifying reflections & ecpially Brim full of ire, you cannot 
be surprized, ( all ) which is not a little aggravated with the 
recollection of my having, to so little purpose, to the Public, 
( or to myself, ) for these eighteen months, so marched & 
countermarched, been so be skirmished, be Battled and beseig- 
edet pour raison de malheur," ( and because of misfortunes, ) 

A Military Plan, 1782. 397 

that I am now actually upon my way, either to break some- 
body's head, or have my own broke, convmced by all these 
perils, it must be allowed that my uncle Toby had never more 
cause than myself, to be eternally thinking- & talking of war 
and war's alarms. 

I should no longer doubt the truth of the Proverb, that 
says " a quelque chose malheur et bon," ( to everythino- are 
good and bad, ) as our misfortunes have made me a Politician 
if England will have the good sense to be governed by my 
Councils, & the sooner tlie better, for it will be manifested 
" que notres affaires vent grand train," ( that our affairs are 
going in good train, ) as we are in the very last stage of a 
Political galloping consumption, - I might, in this place, if I 
pleased, indulge myself in a torrent of abuse upon all our 
Leaders, whether Ministers, Admirals or Generals, in a retro- 
spective view of all their wonderful Blunders, pointing out 
how they might have been avoided, but as I have no particu- 
lar satisfaction in abuse, I will not give you or myself so much 
mmeeessary trouble, I mean to confine myself to looking 
forward & making it appear, that " pour bein faire, il faut 
me laisser faire," ( to do well, I must be allowed to do, ) I 
have therefore, been so good, for your information, to throw 
together a few hints, which, if adopted, must restore us to 
our glorious, Pristhie State, -- but least you should not pos- 
sess the* " amor Patria," ( love of Country," ) in the extent I 
do, & you have no mind to profit by my lucubrations this 
way, I give you this fair warning, of what is to be the sub- 
ject of my Letter, & possibly you wish I had given you this 
hint a little sooner: " Commencer." ( To commence. ) 

When France first espoused the cause of America, her sole 
object then was, the severing those Colonies from England, 

398 Narragansett Historical Register. 

& the establisliing- her ( their ? ) Indepency, -- an Event so 
bi«" with a variety of Mischiefs to us, and advantages to them, 
as very fully to vindicate their running- every risque, and in- 
curring every possible expence to obtain. France having 
since extended the War, upon the great, unbounded scale, 
that now threatens the total destruction of the British Empire, 
was accidental, and certainly, not originally intended, but 
naturally arose from their seeing that Ave were obstinately 
bent, at all hazards, to confine our chief exertions to the re- 
duction of North America, to which favorite idea, every 
other consideration was to be sacrificed; - That such a measure, 
by employing so very considerable a part of our Force, par- 
ticularly our Troops, must necessarily expose the whole of the 
English Dominions, in every other Quarter of the Globe, — 
fatal experience has too fully proved the wisdom of their po- 
litical Doctrines, and their consummate knowledge of the in- 
corrigil)le folly of ours. ~ France, perceiving that America 
did and would continue to command our chief attention, they 
resolved to avail themselves of the favorable moment that 
presented itself of giving our marine the most fatal blow, it 
could possibly receive, by taking from, us our West India 
Islands, in which measure; they were the more confirmed, 
nay they were even tempted to it, from the certainty with 
which they could make those conquests, at a very trifling- 
expence of men & money, the Situation of our West India 
possessions being, beyoiid belief, neglected dependencies, a 
circumstance, whicli has, I think, been very fully evinced, 
from the shameful manner, in which they have fallen into the 
hands of the enemy. ~ The French have another very forci- 
ble reason for attempting to t;ike from us all our Windward 
and Leeward Islands, namely, the facility with which they 
can keep them, & that, at a very small expence, " il ne faut 

A MiLiTAKY Plan. 1782. S93 

pas etre gTtuid Soicier," ( It does not need to be a great sor- 
cerer, ) to discover that without a Harbour, u^ood or water, 
it will be impossible for us to keep a footing in that part of 
the West Indies, or even to employ Cruisers in those seas. - 
This is nearly our situation, & will be completely so, if France 
should add St. Lucia to their other conquests, it will then be 
impossible to keep one single King's Ship in that Quarter, as 
that is the only Island w^e have left, that has a good harbour, 
& where our Fleets can w^ood & water & consequently if we 
lose Si. Lucia, it will then be impossible for us ever to iiiuler- 
take any hostile operations in that part of the West Indies. — 
The only two Islands we have left, except St. Lucia, in the 
Windward & Leeward Quarter, are Barbadoes & Antigua, in 
the former there is no harbour, and not a stick of wood, «& in 
the latter, the harbour is very small, difficult of access & nei- 
ther wood or water. -- How France could have been guilty 
of so egregious a Blunder as the attacking of St. Kitts, in- 
stead of St. Lucia, is not to be understood, I have the comfort 
of thinking that, in some respects, they are as great Block- 
heads as ourselves, if St. Lucia had fallen, St. Kitts must have 
shared the same fate. ~ Let us now consider whether Eng- 
land can still, Avitli any probability of success, contend against 
the further operations of France, to compleat her intentions - 
& what measures we should pursue to counteract thtm, I am 
persuaded, we can, in a degree defeat her designs, I mean, 
as far as relate to the West Indies. ~ As to America, no 
proposition of Euclid was ever more demonstrably clear, from 
the first hour of this fatal war, than the impossibility of keep- 
ing it, and, consequently, we could not too soon have relin- 
quished that most absurd of all absurd ideas, the conquest of 
America, -- as we might then have had some chance of keep- 
ing the other parts of the British Empire ( and by that means. 

400 Nahragansett Histoiucal Register. 

preserved an equality Avitli all the European powers, tlio' 
America \vas lost ) Ijut ^vliat should always have conmiauded 
our particular attention, was the West Indies. Upon that 
Trade, which includes all the African, & a great part of the 
East Indian Couuuerce, our very existence, as a Maratime 
Power, depends, for I am perswaded of the truth of this pro- 
position, viz : That the European State, who has the greater 
part of the Sugar Islands, must he mistress of the seas. -- The 
French Sugar Colonies is the great source of their marine 
strength, -- hut what is to he done & is the question, " selon 
nioi," ( according to me, ) hut hefore I tell you what should 
he done,T will take the privilege of an Irishman, hy ohserv- 
ing, what should not he done, I mean the making Peace, or 
rather, the not suhmitting to the ignominious, ruinous Peace, 
the Enemy would impose upon us, in our present situation. - 
The French at York in Virginia, with more truth than civili- 
ty, used to tell us, twenty times a day, " ma foi messieurs 
mons avons hcau jeu noas serious de grandissimes Jmhecilles 
de point profiter de vos inconcevahle hetises. - ( my faith 
sirs we should he great fools, not to profit hy your inconceiv- 
ahle hlunders. ) If they succeed to the extent of their wish- 
es, they will stamp their triiim})h over us, in the most humili- 
ating manner, their uuhounded vanity, hatred, revenge and 
contempt, can suggest. — They are determined that we shall 
fall, never to rise again. -- Let us resolve, if we are to fall, 
the world shall respect us, even in our fall, & oblige them to 
confess, that our manly exertions & virtuous perseverance 
have added fresh Lustre to our Country; if we are to die, 
let it he like men, with arms in our hands. -- 

" recommencer." ( to hegin again. ) The French sup- 
pose us exhausted, to our last Man & Guinea, & that, having 
drove us to the verge of Ruin & Despair, we must soon ac- 

A Military Plan, 1782. 401 

cept of any terms tliey may be graciously pleased to give us. — 
Our Enemies have likewise their Embarrassments; France has 
made wonderful Efforts, & as to the Americans, they are worn 
to the stumps. What should be done, a sea war, let that 
pursuit superceed every other consideration, -- retrench every 
possible Expence & Convince our Enemies, that we are able 
to meet them upon the seas, with advantage, -- be as hostile 
as possible upon the ocean, and Defensive upon the Land, — 
endeavour to keep all you have left, but, by no means, under- 
take conquests by Land, in any part of the world, not even 
the Retaking our West India Islands, - if we become, in any 
way, mistress of the seas, it will be impossible for France to 
support her own possessions, with those she has taken from 
us, in the West Indies, but above all, I never would endeavour 
to take any Place the French have Garrisoned, for Holland, 
that additional load for France, must destroy her, & be the 
means of fomenting a Dispute & of certain jealousy between 
those Powers. It is plain the French mean to run every risque. 

They have undertaken too much, if we make the right use 
of their errors, in that particular, their vanity " Le Roi chatie 
les anglols " ( the King punishes the English ) ajjpears very 
powerfully in their politicks, the more Places they have to 
take care of, the more impossible will be the undertaking to 
preserve them. -- They must split upon the same Rock, that 
wrecked our fortunes; but to give all I have said, hitherto, at 
large, some positive shape, it is necessary a little, to enter in- 
to the particular detail of what I think should be done. 

The war in North America, which has hitherto been upon 

so general a plan, as never, that I could find cut, to have any 

one particular object in view, should be confined to destroying 

their Trade, by our Cruisers, & the making frequent Descents 


402 Nauragansett Histokical Register. 

upon every i)art of tlieir Coasts, to destroy their Harl)()urs, 
Sliippiiig & Stores,- & make every part of Ameiica feel, in 
the greatest extent possible, every calamity, attending " Bel- 
la horrida JJeUo," ( wai-, horrid war, ) which wonld oblige 
them to keep a very considerable, and, consequently, a very 
burthensome, expensive Military Force constantly on foot, to 
protect them against our inroads. - I don't suj^pose it is 
possible, that the most sanguine or the most ignorant mortal, 
of the situation in America, caji recommend any other sort of 
Land operations on thai Continejit, 'till the assistance given 
them, by France, is first removed, if this idea is adopted, 
One Fast Only, for the protection c^ refitting of our navy, 
would then be necessary in America; that Post should be as 
centrically situated, on the Coast, as possible, and lendered 
respectable by a formidable Garrison, Avell supplied Avith mil- 
itary & victualling stores, where to fix that Post, is the next 

New York, for many reasons, is the worst Post in North 
America, as a Post for Shipping, it ceases being one, nearly 
half the year, from the great, quantities of Ice. -- In a mili- 
tary vicAv, it is so materially vulnerable, from many points, 
as to require more Troops, for its Protection, than can be 
spared, consistently with the reduced State of our Aimy, and 
the attention that must be given to the West Indies, and 
other })arts of the |Kings Dominions. -- New York from be- 
ing exposed to all the neighboring shorts, is liable to every 
species of attack, the Enemy may chuse to undertake against 
it, it affords an ample field " Pcvr la Grande oil la petite 
Guerre,'" ( for great or small war, ) if the Americans were 
disappointed of the assistance of the French Fleet, with their 
own Force, and what French Troops are now actually on that 
Continent, they might make New York of no use to us, tho' 

A Military Plan, 1782. 403 

they did not take the place, for, were they to confine their 
operations npon that Town, to dislodging the King's Troops 
from thence, and destroying all our stores, it would be very 
feasible, from the vicinity of the Jersey Shore, New York be- 
ing exposed to the Artillery from thence, if ever the Enemy 
came there, in that Force, as we could not venture to cross 
the River, & take the Field in the Jerseys, -- the same objec- 
tion may be made to Long Island, if the Enemy were in Force 
upon it, Brooklyn heights upon Long Island, Commanding 
every part of New York, at the distance of little moie thr.n 
half Cannon Shot. ~ All the Communications from the sea 
to New York, either by Sandy Hook or Hell Gate, may be 
cut off by the Enemy, whenever they are in those numbers 
as to prevent our taking the Field against them; for, if the 
Enemy were Masters of Sandy Hook, or of the Narrows at 
Long Island or Staten Island, the conmiunication with the 
Sea & New York, for Line of Battle Ships, would be cut off 
& we should then be reduced to the Hell Gate passage, fit 
only for small vessels & a very dangerous navigation, & that 
Water Avenue to New York, would likewise be cut off, if 
the Enemy Avere upon Long Island, or the Heights on the 
Morisinia side of Hell Gate. 

New York is likewise exposed to another fatal contingency, 
from the very formidable numbers of disaffected People in the 
Towns on Long Island & Staten Island, ~ who, I am persua- 
ded are waiting, with the greatest impatience, for a favorable 
opportunity to give every assistance in their power, to deliver 
the place to the Enemy. -- In the meantime, they are grow- 
ing rich upon the Ruin of the King's Troops, & the few friends 
who have taken refuge there. ~ Many moie objections could 
be enumerated, that would strongly point out the necessity of 
quitting that cursed place, as soon as possible. ~ But the 

404 Nauragansett Historical Register. 

carrying" that measure into execution, would be attended Avitli 
many difficulties, from the great numbers of Sliiiiping that 
would he necessary to transjiort the Troops & the immense 
Qnantities of Public & Private Stores this Town abounds with, 
care must likewise be tnken to remove, with their famili( s 
( they indeed, are not very numerous, ) those unfortunate 
people, w^hom, ( who? ) by their attachment to Great Britain, 
have forfeited all their pro^jerty & are become real objects cf 
distress, and deserving, from their Loyalty, of every Possible 
support from England. -- As to those, \\\\o are commonly 
called friends to Government, we cannot have too few of them. 
If ever we abandon New York, to take nj) another Post iu 
America, a very large Fleet of King's Ships will be necessary, 
without their assistance, it will be iiu] ossible. — I am aware 
that all the American Refugees in England, will, to a man, 
reprobate the idea of our quitting New York, — But I am not 
at all surprized that the great majority of that order of men, 
have listened more to their Revenge and private advantage, 
than to the interests of Great Britain, in the fatal councils 
they have given our Government. They had ahvays the good 
sense to talk the Language they knew would please, tho' at 
the exjience of their honor, and the ruin of England. I am 
lik<'\vise aware that a loss of reputation will attend our aban- 
doning New York, ( but we already stand so low, in their 
opinion, that we have not much to lose, in that respect, ) for 
our i'olly in Keeping New York, under a thousjtnd disadvan- 
tages, tlwit fatal one, particulary, th.e keeping so laige a nuu)- 
ber of Troops there ( to the utter destruction & loss of every 
other pait of the Em})ire, ) has given that place, in the opin- 
ion ol Europe & even ol' America, a merit, it by no means 
deserves, -- but 1 an) persuaded that every p.ossible evil that 
can attend the quitting New York, cannot be the thousandth 
part so ruinous, as the remaining there. 

A Military Plan, 1782. 405 

Rhode Island is, certainly, the hest Port in America, perfectly 
safe against all winds, an immediate outlet to the sea, never 
froze; -- its situation centrical on the Continent, & from its 
insular State, surrounded by broad waters, by no means so 
vulnerable as New York, which is exposed to the artillery of 
the neighbouring shores, - its communication with the sea can- 
not be cut off by any Land operations of the Enemy, - it is 
in every respect, tlie best circumstanced Poi.t in North Amer- 
ica, for the object proposed. - Pthode Island and the Island 
of Conanicut, the latter forming the South side of that Har- 
bour, would be respectably garrisoned with Ten Thousand 
Men, but I would have twelve thousand men posted there in 
order to be able to detach from thence. Desultory Water Ex- 
peditions, for distressing the whole Coast of America. 

I am certain that, in addition to the many advantages that 
must attend the war I wish should be adopted, the very con- 
siderable savings that would accrue from it, should have the 
greatest weight, ~ we should then have no occasion for the 
numberless FieM Departments, that cost the Public Millions 
annually, such as, Proviant train, Field Bakeries, Field Hos- 
l)itals, Field Artillery, Cavalry, Forage, & that numerous 
Tribe of Harpies of every denomination. Chiefs, Deputies 
Deputies Deputy, Assistant Commissaries, Purveyors, Conduc- 
tors, even to waggon drivers, whom ( who ? ) have all been 
suffered to fatten, in the different Departments, to the third 
and fourth generations; for many successions of these honest 
Gentlemen, have retired to England, with their nests very 
warm and comfortably feathered. ~ Money could be saved 
a thousand ways by removing our present thousand pretexts 
for disbursing the Public Money. 

When I consider how fruitless, and how grievously expen- 
sive this war in America has been, we must be strongly in- 

406 Narkagansett Historical Register. 

fatiiated to continue it upon the same principles that has 
brouiiht us to the veme of destruction, - the more so, as I 
am positive our affairs may, in some measure be retrieved, - 
hut the " sine qua non " ( without which nothing, ) must he, 
reducino- the scale of the war in North America, & relhiquish- 
ing, in a great degree, our views upon that Country, ~ in 
slioit Ave must have the good sense to be reconciled to the loss 
of America, at least for the present, without that first princi- 
ple, we must be totally ruined. - There cannot be the small- 
est chance of success, in North America, till you first reduce 
the marine of France & withhold that assistance from them. 
Let us then act as if America was a secondary and not a pri- 
mary object, that if it should so prove, that we are to leave 
America forever, " tula voula Gedge Dandin," ( omit the 
phrase, ) we may be, in point of Trade and Marine, in as re- 
spectable a state as France, in every other Quarter of the world. 

America will be independent of us both, there cannot be a 
man upon Earth so ignorant, as not to be perswaded that it 
is as much the interest of America to contend against the very 
formidable Power of France, and endeavour to lessen it, as 
much as they have unfortunately done ours. ~ America will 
be baffled, in all her views, if the seas should belong, solely 
to any one PoAver, Particularly, so Perfidious, so ambitious 
and so Politick a People as France. ~ \V e are the obstacle 
to their ambition they will first remove; but the moment they 
have shook us off, their jealousy of France will encrease daily, 
the separate, distinct interests of America & France, must 
make them Enemies. 

I am so perswaded of the truth of all my doctrines, that no 
time should be lost in our immediately abandoning New York, 
& every Post we have in North America; Canada not excepted, 
and assembling all the Kings Troops in America, at Rhode 

A Military Plan, 1782. 407 

Island, — and after that Place and Conanicut are properly 
fortified, leave Garrisons there of 12.000, men, one half Brit- 
ish & the other half German, with a large Corps of English 
Artillery, - all the Troops, exceeding the 12.000, might be 
sent to the \Vest Indies & other parts of the British Domin- 
ions. ~ By this arrangement we should be able to spare, for 
other services, two thirds of the British, and discharge con- 
siderably above half of the Germans in our pay in America,— 
if it was thought advisable, the German Troops, that would 
not be wanted in An^.eriea, might be employed in Great Brit- 
ain, which would enable us to send abroad so many more 
English Regiments. - Let us now suppose the American war 
reduced to the very contracted scale proposed, namely. The 
Port at Rhode Island, Garrisoned with 12.000, men; - The 
desultory Water Expeditions from thence, and the Cruising 
upon their Trade, what number of Troops would that enable 
us to spare for other services. 

It appears by the annexed return, that there are in North 
America, forty-two Battalions of British Infantry, exclusive 
of Artillery, and one Reg't of British Cavalry. ~ The real 
nimiber of the Provincial Forces, either Cavalry or Infantry, 
it is impossible to ascertain, for 10 days together, - their no- 
minal strength I ( believe ? ) is always very highly estimated 
& unfortunately paid for by Mr. Bull, but I don't conceive 
their Effective Cavalry & Infantry exceed 2.000, men. The 
Provincial Forces has been the pretext, & the real source of 
the expense of millions. ~ 

The Treaty with Hesse Cassel, I understand, is for 13.400 
men Rank & File, Infantry & Cavalry, ~ and I believe they 
want but very few to compleat, - They are very fine Troops, 
and in arrangement, I believe, might compleat ( I am sure 
not more, ) about 20 Regiments to the Establishment, of 

408 Narragansett Historical register. 

570 men, Rank & File, - The ieinaii)iiig- 22 English Regi- 
ments, tliat is, their Commissioned & non C<mimissioned offi- 
cers & Drummers, ( for they are only noir.inally Regiments, ) 
should be sent to England, to eiideaveiir to Recruit ilieir 
luunbers, the only "method, hy Avhich, there is the smallest 
chance of their ever heiiig again fit for service. Of other arms 
there are about 8.000, they are likewise nearly ( ccmiplete? ) 
but the greatest part of them prisoners, -- It is a melancholy 
consideration, that so very large a proportion of the British 
Colonial & German Regiments, that nre Prisoners Avith the 
Enemy, have been lost upon ser- vice, that could not have 
])rodueed one single advantage had tliey succeeded. 

Whenever vve reduce our Posts in i^imeiica, to one Station 
only, as that Avould then be tie great ol>ject tl:at would ccm- 
nijind the attention of France & America, too many Precau- 
tions cannot be taken for its security, AVith tlie prop( sed Gai- 
rison of 12.'000 men & LOOO British Artillery, it would be 
perfectly safe, ~ The German Tro(»ps must be Hes.siajis, for 
the other foreigners are not to be depended upon, being com- 
posed of the sweepings of all the jails in Euiope, in tiiitli to- 
tally unfit for service, they are deficient in every quality that 
makes a soldier, but diiefly in the Avant of spirit, tliti]- only 
object is the amassing of nniney by Plunder, and every dirty 
means they can put in practice, -- they very frankly confess^ 
they cam6 to America to make money, but not to fight.- The 
Anspacl^s that were with us at York in Viiginia, Aveie, to a 
man, the greatest Poltroors that ever prcjiinud to call tlnm- 
selves soldiers. 

The British part of the Gariison of Rhode Island, exclusive 
of the Artillery, ( should consist ofthe)J2 (ddest Regiments 
& they should all be put upon the s;,me EstabhsLment of 10 
Companies of 57 men each Company, Rank & File, ( the Bri- 

A Military Plan, 1782. 409 

tisli Corps in America, are upon very different Establishments) 
this woukl make the 12 Regiments amount to 6.840 men, 
Rank & File, independent of the Commissioned & Non Com- 
missioned Officers & Drummers. -- The overplus number of 
840 Privates would be a very ample allowance for Officers 
servants & the other indespensible employments filled by sol- 
diers, & for as large a proportion of sick as there would pro- 
bably ever be, at the same time, in that healthy part of Amer- 
ica. -. we might then always depend upon having six thousand 
British firelocks, under arms, fit for service. 

The Hessian part of the Garrison should be formed upon 
the same principle, to allow for a proportion of sick, officers 
serv'ts &c. 

The British Regiments, intended for Rhode Island, as well 
as, the next senior Corps, ( that might be sent to the West 
Indies, ) should be compleated from the junior Regiments — 
this, arrangement, I believe, might compleat ( I am sure not 
more, ) about 20 Regiments to the Establishment of 570 men, 
Rank & File. - The remaining 22 English regiments, that 
is, their Commissioned & non Commissioned Officers & Drum- 
mers (for they are, in fact, only nominally Regiments) should, 
be sent to England, to endeavour to rtciuit their numbers 
the only method by which there is the smallest chance of 
their ever again, being fit for service. If you was to see the 
melancholy state of most of our Reg'ts reduced from a thou- 
sand causes, to less than one hundred men, & those worn out 
in this cursed service. ~ A very great majority of the offi- 
cers, of all I^Ranks, without even the hopes of Promotion or 
encouragement of any kind, ruined by the exorbitant prices 
of every necessary of life, you could not be surprised that we 
should loose our discii3line. Zeal & even our Spirit, more is 

410 Narragansett Historical Register. 

reqiiirecl of us in Aineiica, than the virtue of man is equal to. 
As the very 8.000 men, I have been writing for these sixteen 
hours will, without doubt, persuade the most sanguine or the 
most incorrigible advocate for confining the Avar to America, 
that- they have been hitherto in an error. 

I now take it for granted we shall soon see the war in Am- 
erica carried on, upon the plan I have laid before you, conse- 
quently, that America is, in a great degree, oif my hands, - 
now, if you have patience to read on, you will find that I am 
equally learned in what should be done in the West Indies. 

The first object that should command our attention, in the 
Leeward & Windward and Carribee Islands, is St. Lucia, from 
the many advantages that may be derived, both fiom its sit- 
uation, & having a very good Harbour, & being so well wood- 
ed & watered, its being so near & to windward of Martinico, 
it checks that Post, which is the French place of Arms, in 
that Quarter. - Our Fleet at St. Lucia, will cover all enter- 
prises that may be made, in future, either to recover our own, 
or attempt the reduction of some of the French Islands. But 
I trust we shall not think of conquests anywhere, but partic- 
ularly in the W est Indies, till we have gained some very de- 
cisive advantages over the Enemies Marine, — As I never was 
at St. Lucia, I don't know what number of Troops may be 
necessary for its defence, but that Island should always, from 
being so much exposed to Martinico ( from which it is distant 
only 10 Leagues, ) be most respectably Garrisoned. 

The Island of Barbadoes, with which I am well acquainted, 
is so far of importance, as it is the Aveathermost of all the 
Charibee Islands & consequently makes a very good render- 
vous for our Ships to procure intelligence, before they venture 
doAvn among the Islands, it is otherAvise of little use, having 
no good harbour or any Avood, ~ Avith respect to its produce, 

A Military Plan, 1782. 411 

it is of little advantage, being originally very barren & now 
almost worn out, it hardly deserves the name of a Sugar Col- 
ony, the defence of Barbadoes, without a large Body of 
Troops ( many more than can be spared for its protection, ) 
will be very difficult, the Country being entirely open & very 
flat. The Forts, when I was there in 1776, were in a very 
ruinous condition, and, I understand, have been entirely de- 
stroyed by the Hurricane in 1780. — As I never was at An- 
tigua; I don't know, from my own knowledge, how it is cir- 
cnmstunced in any particular, but I have been told, I believe 
from vcFy good authority, that, as a Sugar Colony, it is stil] 
of less importance than Barbadoes, as it is more barren & 
exhausted, and labors under the most cruel of all wants the 
want of water, there being no other than what is preserved 
in cisterns, in the Rainy Season. - In a military point of 
view, it is in nearly the same vulnerable state as Barbadoes, 
the country very open & flat, & entirely cleared of wood & 
all the Forts in a ruinous condition. Barbadoes & Antigua 
being of no sort of use, in any point of view, the thousand 
advantages we possess in St. Lucia, are rendered the more 

The French never showed their superior skill to the Enolisli 
in any circumstance more than in their choice of West India 
Islands, theirs are all large, fruitful, well watered, and with 
good harbours, the English possessions in the Charibee Islands 
all small, barren, not one of them with a good Port, except 
English harbour, in Antigua, & that is very small & of little 
use, as there is neither fresh water or wood for the shipping. 
Barbadoes, Dominica, Antigua; Montserrat & Nevis, as Sugar 
Colonies, are of no great value, Grenada, Tobago & St Vin- 
cents are small but very fertile, Grenada has a very good har- 
bour, there are no Ports, either in Tobago or St. Vincents, 

412 Narragansett Historical Register. 

their anchoring places are merely open Roadsteads. - Do- 
minica would be of great use in our hands, as it would prevent 
the communication between Martinico and the other French 
Islands, but ns a place of arms only, it can be useful. That 
Island is very well watered & wooded, and Prince Rupert's 
Bay the finest harbour in the West Indies. - It was impos- 
sible for us to support so many Posts, that we Avere not in a 
condition to garrison sufficiently, but those same numbers 
that have fallen by detail in the several Islands, the Enemy 
have captured, would, united in one Island, have made a re- 
spectable defence. ~ The French will veiy soon (xpericnce 
that the dividing their force for the piotection of so many 
different places, will be impracticable; if their Marine should 
in any degree, be reduced, the whole must fall of themselves 
& save us the expence of thousands of lives, and millions of 
money, to reduce them by arms, ~ if ever we should regain 
the Empire of the Sea. 

Experience should have tiuight us net to divide our force 
upon so many barren, useless Rochs, blit unite all our strength 
upon one large Island, which should be Porto Rico, the finest 
Island in the West Indies. It is huge, remarkably fiuitful, 
well watered & full of good Harbours, it will be a safe & 
c(mifoitable Retreat for the unfortunate Americans that must 
quit that Country, at the close of that fatal scene. - In order 
to settle Porto Rico & draw advantages ficm it, as soon as 
possible, as a Sugar Colony, Lands should be given to all the 
unfortunate sufferers in those Islands, that have been captured, 
& every encouragement held out, to tempt them to remove 
with their effects, slaves & stock, to settle Porto Rico. ~ Many 
Military advantages would likewise result from our being 
nuisters of Porto Rico, from its neighbourhood to Jamaica 
they would be able to support each other, Porto Rico, in a 

A Military Plan, 1782. 413 

degree, commands tlie Mona Passage, the Tract that the 
French and Spanish Ships very often take to Cape Francois, 
the Havanna & all their possessions in that Qnarter of the 
West Indies & also cuts off the communication between their 
Islands; remember my dear General, that, before there can be 
any claimant; I bespeak the Government of Porto Rico, the 
moment it is ours. — I wish I was to undertake the conquest 
of it tomorrow. - but I can wait with Patience till we have 
destroyed the Enemies Marine, that must be the leading step, 
" sine qua non," ( without which nothing, ) to all our Mili- 
tary Operations. 

The French were so assured of a superiority, both by Land 
& Sea, by that cursed America employing so large a number 
of our Ships & Troops, that independent of very respectable 
Garrisons, that they stationed in all their Islands, ( which 
they fortified with the greatest skill ) they always had a num- 
ber of Troops, ready for the reduction of our Islands, when- 
ever the opportunities offered; - As we have not such num- 
erous armies as France & that we have the greatest difficulty 
to procure soldiers, too much care cannot be taken, of those 
that remain. ~ We have already, from a thousand shameful 
neglects, buiied in the West Indies, above Ten Thousand 
Men, this very ill managed, fatal war, all that we Should At- 
tempt, till we can considerably reduce the Enemies Marine, is 
to keep our very few remaining possessions well garrfscned, 
particularly St. Lucia, but above all Jamaica. ~ That Island 
which is of the greatest consequence to Great Britain, should 
never have less upon it, than Ten Thousand Men ( effective ) 
A large Body of Troops at Jamaica, would encourage the 
Militia of that Island, who are very respectable from their 
numbers, to exert themselves, which it is in vain, and indeed 
unreasonable, to expect, but from the confidence they place 

414 Narragansett Historical Register. 

in Veteran Troops. -- Whenever the time conies tliat a large 
Body of Troops shall be sent to the West Indies, lor hostile 
operations, they shonld arrive there, if possible, in the month 
of December, not sooner or later, by that means, the effects 
of the Rainy Season is over, - And by arriving- so early as 
Deceniber, they are ennred to the Heat and Climate by de- 
grees. - H circumstances will allow it, the Troops that are 
the most proper to send to the West Indies, are those who 
have been the longest in America, they have been used to 
live on salt Provision & Rum, two of the causes that destroy 
many of our unfortunate soldiers, even in America, which 
reacts, with redoubled vigour, in so unhealthy a Climate as 
the West Indies & on that account of the similitude of Cli- 
mate, those Troops that li(cn ( n ] loycd the krgtst in 
the southern Quarter of Ameiica, are the best crikulated for 
service in the Tropicks. — The sending so many lunv raised 
Coprs to the West Indies, was actually murdering of them. - 
To obviate one of the great causes that have destroyed so 
many thousands of the men that have been sent to the West 
Indies, The want of iwopev coverlufj, barracks in frames, 
should be always sent, for the Troops intended for that ser- 
vice, which can be put u}) immediately m whatever situations 
may be thought the most convenient. -- The frcinu s should 
be sent in the Transports, not in the Store Ships, which might 
fall into the Knemies hands, - by putting tlum in the Trans- 
ports, with the Troops, those that ariived would be suie of 
an immediate coverino-. 

Having now made you master of what should be done in 
the West Indies, -- I Avill take another view of America, to 
consider the very strange opinions that have been formed in 
England, of that Country. How often have I heard people 
rejoice at the Idea of France sending- Troops to America, 

A Military Plan, 1782, 415 

AvLere their presence was to create a thousand jealousies, & 
be the certain source of innumerable advantages to us, — 
has it j^roved so ? That France meant to have Territorial 
Possessions in America, they v^^ere to keep Virginia, the Car- 
olinas, &c. &c. " est il permis," ( is it permitted, ) to sup- 
pose the French could be so totally destitute of common sense, 
as not to know, that the most distant appearance of their in- 
tention to mar the much wished for American Independence, 
would, at once, irretreivably destroy their Credit with Amer- 
ica, & bo the sure means of reconciling them with Great Brit- 
ain. — If it is possible to suppose the French can have any 
idea of having again, a footing in North America, that should 
be another reason for evacuating Canada, to tempt them to 
take it. At all events, I would make the experiment, let us 
flatter ourselves that we have not monopolized all the folly of 
the Powers at War. But the mcst perposterous of all the 
English dreams are, that America wished to return to her 
allegiance, that they are more in love than ever, with Great 
Britian, & that it is only the needy, the Factious, & those of 
desperate Fortunes, that are the advocates of Independency 
that the great, respectable Body of the People are waiting, 
with the utmost impatience, & most filial cordiality, to throw 
themselves into the bosom of the Parent State; That this un- 
fortunate idea shall have governed our Council so long, in 
spite of, the daily most glaring, palpable proofs they can give^ 
by every means in their power, their wish of annihilating 
Great Britain, is not to be accounted for, — of all the Ene- 
mies England is opposed to, the most inveterate, the most 
implacable, in her hatred, is North America. 
Let who will govern our Councils, that does not treat with 
them, upon the principle of subduing them by all the Eigors 
of the most calamitous and cruel war, will have " plus tot 

416 Narragansett Historical Register. 

plus tard," ( sooner or later, ) the most liumillatiiig-, iiioitify- 
iiio- cause to lament their havino- been so much deceived in 
that People. - In a word, they never will be reconciled to 
Enoland, as long- as, they have the smallest means of conten- 
ding left, nor, will they ever separate themselves from France 
& the other European Powers, that they will be assisting to 
them, in the two only points that govern every American in 
the world, namely, their Independence, & the total ruin of 
Great Britain. "And, be it remembered, that every proposi- 
tion that can be made to them, & the more favorable the 
terms, the further we remove every prospect of accommoda- 
tion, they always construe every (onctssion we make, into an 
inability of our compelling them to submission, and we are 
only arming their Leaders with fresh materials to wound the 
cause of Great Britain in America. 

The Gospel is not more certain than what I have been say- 
ing, & be it, likewise, rtmtmbered, never to stnd a proposi- 
tion for Peace, or accommodation of any sort, to America, 
till you have compleatly ruined the Enemies Marine. ~ This, 
I will sign & swear, upon the Holy Evangelists. 

A Itehirn oj the British Troops, in North America, 
Ap7'il, 1782, under the command of Sir Henry Clinton. 

3d. and 7tli. Reg'ts. Stationed at Carolina, above half of 
them Prisoners with the Rebels. 

16th. Reg't. Except the Grenadier Company, ( which is 
at New York, ) are Prisoners to Spain, taken at Pensacola. 

17th. 23d. and 33d. Reg'ts. Prisoners to the Rebels, at 
York, in Virginia. 

37th. 38th. 40th. and42d. Reg't, 2d. Battalion. Stationed 
at New York & the neighbouring Posts. 

A Military Plan, 1782. 417 

43d. Reg't. Prisoners to the Rebels, at York, in Virginia. 

54th. and 57th. Reg'ts. Stationed in New York & neigh- 
bourino- Posts. 

60:h. Reg't, 3d- Batt'n. In Garrison, at St. Augnstine. 

60th. Reg't, 4th. Batt'n. Most of them Prisoners, ( at 
Pensaeola. ) 

63d. and 64th Reg'ts. Stationed at S. Carolina. 

70th. Reg't. Stationed at Penobscot & Halifax. 

7Ist. Reg't. Almost the whole of them Prisoners, taken at 
different places. 

74th. Reg't. Stationed at Halifax. 

76tli and 80th. Reg'ts. Prisoners, taken at York, in Vir- 

Above 21 Regiments. 

82d. Reg't. Part in S. Carolina & Part in Halifax. 

84tli. Reg't. 2 Battalions, 1 in Canada, 1 in Halifax. 

19. The Light Infantry Companies of the 7 17 22 23 
33 37 38 42 43 54 57 63 64 70 71 74 76 80 & 82d. 
Regiments were taken at York, in Virginia. 

So far above 42 Regiments 

There remains abont one hundred men of the Brigade of 
Guards, in South Carolina, totally unfit for service, from 
wounds & other causes, all the others are Prisoners to the 
Rebels, taken at York in Virginia. 

17th. Light Dragoons. This very fine Corps, has never 
been actively employed in this Country, nor can they ever, to 
advantage. The sooner they return to Europe the better. 

A Return of the Bi'itish Troojys in Canada, XJ])on the 
Lakes, and of those that surreiidei^ed wpon the Convention 
of Saratoga. 


418 Narragansett Historical Register. 

8tli. Reo't. Quartered in the Posts upon the Lakes. 
9 20 21 and 24th. Reg'ts. Prisoners, by the Convention 
at Saratoga. 

29 31 and 34th. Reg'ts. Stationed in different parts of 

44th. Reg't. A great many men of this Regiment were 
lost on their passage from New York to Canada. 

47th. Reg't. Prisoners, by the Convention of Saratoga. 

53d. Reg't. Stationed in Canada. 

62d. Reg't. Prisoners, by the Convention of Saratoga. 

84th. Reg't. 1st. Battalion, Stationed in Canada. 

The Light Infantry & Grenadier Corps, are Prisoners by 
the Convention of Saratoga. 

Francis Drake's Dictionary of American Biography, 1873, 
says: " Charles O'Hara, a British General, died Governor 
of Gibralter, February 21st. 1802, was appointed a Lieuten- 
ant Captain in the Coldstream Guards, January 1756, and 
Lieut. Col. 1762, and Colonel 2nd. Foot Guards, in August 
1777, and Major General, Oct. 19, 1797. He came to Am- 
erica in 1780, in command of the Guards. He served in the 
pursuit of Morgan and Greene, in January 1781, and at Guil- 
ford, where he was severely wounded, commanded the left of 
Covnwallis' Army, in the surrender of which he was included. 
He was again severely wounded at Toulon in Nov. 1793. In 
1 787, after having been Governor of several Colonies, he was 
made Lieutenant Governor of Gibralter, and Governor in 
1795. He was a brave and enterprising soldier, and a strict 

From Lossing's Field Book of the Revolution, in a letter 
from Major Andre, of date, Philadelphia, May 23, 1778 

A Military PLAN, 1782. 419 

( taken from the Annual Register- ) describing the famous 
mischianza, he sajs: 

" Fonr of the gentlemen subscribers were appointed mana- 
gers; Sir Join) Wrottlesey, Colonel O'Hara, Major Gardiner, 
and Montresor, the chief of Engineers," 

This quotation seems to contradict Drake, who says he 
came in 1780, undoubtedly received his appointment, as 
Colonel of the Second Foot Guard, in 1777, in view of his 
immediate departure for America, and his report to General 
Conway, just read shows, that all the effective men in that 
Corps became prisoners, with himself at Yorktown. 

He was severely wounded at Guilford, Feb'y 28, 1781, 
and his brother. Lieut. O'Hara was killed. In this battle, as 
at Cowan's ford, March 15, 1781, he was distinguished for 
skill and bravery, and received very warm commendation 
from Cornwallis in his dispatches to the government. 

This is a meagre account, and I am very much disa^opointed 
at finding almost nothing in the English Dictionaries and 
Cyclopedias in relation to so prominent a man, and it seems 
the " very irony of fate," that it should depend on people to 
whom he was so diametrically at issue, or to their descendants 
to rescue his name from unmerited obscurity. 

The foregoing paper may have been drawn out by a re- 
quest from General Conway, or it may have been the sponta- 
neous outpouring of the splenetic and pessimistic feelings 
which probably, at that period, pervaded the officers, whose 
advauced age had been worn out and wasted in the British 
service in America, and whose spirits were depressed by the 
mortifications and humiliations, incident to it. At any rate, 
the paper strikes me as being of great value, as giving much 
light on the view of large classes of eminent Englishmen most 

420 Nahragansett Historical Register. 

faiuiliar with the subject, {iiul its confidential character, attests 
its sincerity. Whether General Conway, who commanded 
the British Army, throughout the world, ever received the 
letter, must always he a matter of question, as it cimies now, 
tlirough the family of Josiah Paul Collin, a native of New- 
port, who was General O'Hara's private secretary, and may 
have been a duplicate, or may have been the only copy; in 
any case, the nature of it, would have precluded its publica- 
tion, by the British government, and it is not known to have 
been in print before this. 

General O'Hara's plan for the abandonment ol' New York? 
and the occupation of Newport, as a centre of future opera- 
tions, on the part of the British, government, is a remarkable 
confirmation of the views so commoidy entertained, in relation 
to the superiority of Narragansett Bay, as the safest and best 
Harbor, and the most eligible point for strategic operations, 
on the Atlantic Coast, and is an equally strong argument in 
favor of his accomplishments and capacity. The morality 
and humanity of such a system, as his scheme contemplates, 
cannot be defended, it would have seemed like a reproduction 
of Madagascar and Barbary systems of piracy, wliicli could 
hardly have redounded to the credit or glory of Great Brit- 
ian, although had it been resorted to, in the beginning of the 
Avar, very different results may have been brought about. For- 
tunately for humanity the endurance of Great Britian, was 
already exhausted. 

For General O'Hara's letter, I am indebted to the kindness 
of iny I'riend, William Walter Van Deursen, of Middletown, 
Conn., whose family are relatives of the General's Secretary, 
Josiah Paul Collin. 



By WiUicmi F. Segar. 

^ Vp; HE southwest corner of South Kingstown, a section 
c/i\ four miles long by two wide, bounded on the north by 
(Jo^ the old Post Road, south by the ocean, east by Point 
Judith Pond, and west by the town of Chailestown, has from 
time immemorial, in Washington County, been known as the 
" Backside." I have often inquired of old people in that 
locality why it was so called, but none could tell me. I think 
I have recently solved the question. By the land records of 
South Kingstown, I found that in 1705, John Hull sold land 
in said town to his " Brother Tristam," ( in the neighborhood 
of Tristam Pond, ) " at a place known by the name of the 
Backside of the Ponds." The early Hulls lived in the east- 
ern part of the town, where, from the location of the large 
Salt Ponds, west of them, it was natural and appropriate for 
them to speak of the section of the town west of the ponds, 
as " Backside of the Ponds." 

The name suggests, even to children, its opposite, frontside 
or foreside, as it did to my late brother, Charles V., in 1840, 
then a mere child, Avhen my father moved there from Hop- 
kinton City. Charles was lonely and homesick and begged 
of his mother, with tears in his eyes, to take him up on the 
" Frontside," to his grandfather Peckham's, on the Post 
Road, near Wakefield. 

422 Narragansett Historical Register. 

h^'ite of the Jo Jul Ser/ar ITmifte. 

This house stood on the east side of the road which leads 
from the Post Road to Stony Point Beach, Matoonic, a few 
rods southeast of the schoolhouse, on what was the ancient 
Sei^ai- homestead farm nearly one hundred years after 1706 
or 1707. The old cellar, nearly filled Avith small stones, and 
the well near by, covered with long flat stones, i Liinly mark 
the site of the settlement of the first Segar family in Narra- 
gansett, one hundred and eighty-two years ago. Originally 
the farm contained three hundred and six acres, now in three 
farms, one owned by Thomas and Mary Browning, one by the 
heirs of the late Joseph Champhiin, 3d. the other by W. R. 
Carpenter, the homestead of the late Francis B. Segar. 

The ancient family burying ground, where were interred 
the remains of some of four and five generations, is on the 
north side of the Browning faim, s(;uth of the residence of 
John Hazard. 

In 1840, there was a row of large stately buttonwood trees 
in front of the old cellar, while there was not another tree 
of any kind within one quarter of a mile of them. They died 
a lingering death after the buttonwood tree blight of that 

7'he Jury That Condemned Carter. 
Correction. Under the above heading in Volume I. page 
316, of this magazine, is given the names of the Jurymen on 
the trial of Thomas Carter, for the murder of William Jack- 
son, in South Kinostown, in 1751. Anu)n2; them is oiven 
the name of " John Sayer," which should have been John 
Segar, a brother of my great grandfather, Josei)h Segar, as 
I have recently learned from a personal examination of the 
Court Records of that case. 


By James C. Swan. 

N 1750, Thomas Carter of Newport, R. I., was the 
owner and master of a small vessel, which ran between 
Newport and New York. Having been shipwrecked 
on Long Island, bj which he lost his vessel and cargo, he was 
on his jonrney home by way of Connecticut, when, on the 
31st. of December, he fell in with William Jackson, a pedlar 
of Deerskin furs, from Virginia. Both being destined to 
the same place, they concluded to travel in company, and 
Jackson, having learned of the misfortune which had befallen 
Carter, became very friendly towards him, and being of a 
very generous disposition, paid the daily expenses of both on 
the road. It appeared on the trial and subsequent confession 
of Carter, that on their journey he ascertainedfr om his com- 
panion, that he had with him, in addition to his peltry, a con- 
siderable sum of money. This induced Carter to conceive 
the horrid design of murdering and robbing Jackson. He 
accordingly feigned sick, and they remained all day at the 
liouse of a Mr. Nash, in South Kingstown. During their 
stay, their hostess sewed on a button for Jackson, and in 
combing his hair, she observed a remarkable lock of white 
hair on his head. Towards night. Carter and Jackson pro- 
ceeded on their journey and, on arriving within half a mile 
of the Friends Meeting house. Carter knocked Jackson down 
with a stone and, after murdering him, hid the body under 


424 Narragansett Historical Register. 

the ice in Narrow river, where it was found about seven weeks 
afterwards and recognized by the button on his coat, and the 
white lock of liair on his head. 

Carter had, in the meantime, proceeded to Newport with 
the murdered man's horse and goods, where he commenced 
disposing of them, pretending to have bought out Jackson. 

On the discovery of the body, suspicion pointed directly 
to Carter, and the sheriff of Kings County came over to New- 
port and arrested him. He was taken to South Kingstown 
where he was imprisoned until the Session of the Supreme 
Coui't in April, before which he was tried, stoutly denying all 
knowledge of Jackson, but the testimony of Mrs Nash, was 
so conclusive of that fact, that he was found guilty, and, on 
the tenth of May 1751, executed at Tower Hill. Before his 
execution, he confessed the crime and related all the circum- 
stances attending it. 

Agreeably to the barbarous custom of the times, in cases 
of aggravated homicide, he was condemned to be hung in 
chains, and his body was accordingly suspended in an iron 
frame, where it remained many years. It is said that the 
creaking of the frame, when waved by the wind, so terrified 
the people in those superstitious days that they dare not pass 
it in the dark. 

The enormity of the crime which was very unusual in the 
Colonies at that time, drew together a large concourse of 
spectators to see the execution, a great many of whom went 
from Newport. 

The most minute circumstances of the crime, his detection, 
conviction and execution, were the general topics of the day 
and were often rehearsed in the early part of the next century. 


By Dcwid A. Wald^^on. 

jGY/V|^ MONG the attractive places for antiquarians to visit, 
-f^J|- in our State is the okl cemetary in the village of 
'[3V Little Compton, or what perhaps is better known as 
" The Commons," a triangular lot, where the Methodist 
Church, Congregational Church, and Post Office Building, 
seemingly stand guard at its several corners. On a recent 
visit, by the courtesy of Postmaster George F, Bixby, Esq., 
we were shown the graves where the dust of once noted per- 
sonages quietly rest, unless theii" spirits writhe in agony at 
the forlorn condition of the old graveyard, where fowls in 
large numbers are seen scratching in the dust of hallowed an- 
cestry within this sacred enclosure, now partially surrounded 
by tumble down walls. Our attention was first called to a 
granite monument erected in 1882, on the front of which was 
inserted or paneled in, an old blue slate stone bearing this in- 
scription : 

Here lyetli the body 

of Elizabeth, the wife 

of William Pabodie; 

who died May ye 31st, 

1717, and in the 96th 

year of her age. 

8 425 


426 Narragansett Historical Register. 

On the north side of the monument is the following 
Elizubeth Pabodie, 
Dtiujihter of 
The Plymouth Pilgrims, 
John Alden & 
Piacilla Mullen, 
The first White Woman 
Born in New England. 
On the east side is : " Erected June 1882." 
On the south side is the following poetic effusion : 
'• A Bud from Plymouth's Mayflower springs, 
Transplanted here to live and bloom; 
Her memory ever sweet and young. 
The centuries guard within this tomb." 

Her husband, who rests beside her, has this inscription up- 
on his memorial : 

Here lyeth buered 

ye body of William 

Pabodie, who departed 

this life Decend)er ye 13th 

1707, in ye 88th year 

of his age. 


The next of interest was the tomb of Col. Benjamin Church, 
known to fame by his bravery in the Indian wars, and the 
conqueror of King Philip the renowned chieftain of the 
Wampanoags; of whom Arnold in his State History writes 
was the first EnglisJi settler in what is now Little Compton. 
The inscription upon his tombstone, and also that of his wife 
who rests beside him, upon which the tooth of time is seem- 

Grave, first white woman born in New England 427 

iiigly eiici'oacliing: and which should be carefully guarded 
by some historic society, reads thus ; 

Here Lyeth Interred the body 

of the Honourable 

Col. Benjamin Church, Esq., 

who departed this life, January 

the 17th 1717--8, in ye 78th year of 

his age. 

Here lyeth Interred the 

Body of Alice Church 

late wife to the Honourable 

Col. Benjamin Churcli, Esq., 

She Deceased March ye 5tli A. D. 

1717-8, in ye 73d year of her age. 

The most ancient date we noticed was that on the stone 
of Mary Price, she having died in 1698. 

In marked contrast to the cemetary was the quiet, wide 
street just east of the enclosure, carpeted with its green lawns 
and shaded by graceful trees, everything neat and tidy, be- 
tokening cleanly habits, giving one sort of a dreamy, restful 
feeling, when taken for a day from the busy whirl of active 
business city life. 

It would seem by what has been done in the restoration, or 
efforts to preserve the Pabodie monument, the citizens, or 
some interested parties, are beginning to realize the value of 
the treasures which have been committed to their keeping; 
and it is to be hoped that in the near future the old cemet.try 
will be brushed up, don new garments and receive 23roj>er 
care, thus causing it to be one of the most prominent attract- 
ions of Little Compton. 

428 Narragansett Historical Register. 

From The Newjiort Daily Observer, December 18, 1889. 

Historical Society. There was a large attendance of the 
members of the organization at the hall, last evening, and the 
exercises were of much interest. The paper read before the 
Historical Society last evening, was by Mr. James N. Arnold, 
Editor of the Narragansett Historical Register. Its title was 
" The Hngnenot at Narrngansett; the origin of the settle- 
ment, reasons of its short life, and canses of its dissolution, 
with a defence of the Rhode Island Policy," were sncceessive- 
ly treated. He plainly laid the Avliole tionble npon the At- 
herton Land Company, whom he pronounced unsciupulcus 
in their transactions, and even took many dishonoiable ad- 
vantages of the Indians, the French, and the Rhode Island 
Pi(meer. That, save the land question, ( over which the Rhode 
Island Pioneer had a good title, and the French and the Land 
Company, a poor one, ) there was no difference between them, 
and when the French saw this point clearly they righted them- 
selves and were basely deserted by the Land Company. The 
Newberry affair, Mr. Arnold considered a fine peice of rascal- 
ity. He closed by stating that our fatheis did just as any 
other men would, placed in a simihir position, and, that, save 
the Aurault matter, which was a purely partizan struggle for 
land possession, there is no documejit existing to prove any- 
thing dishonorable on the part of the Rhode Island Pioneer, 
and that, when Aurault finally had faith in the mattei-, he 
lived and died honored and respected by our people, and that 
many of our distinguished families today are proud to own 
they are part Huguenot, which wH)uld not be the case were 
there ever a stain of dishonor in the treatment of these people. 

From. Newport Dedly JVews, December 18, emcl JVewport 
Jonriuil, December 21, 1889. 

Editorial Notes. 429 

The Historical Society. At a meeting of tlie Newport 
Historical Society, Tuesday evening, Mr. James N. Arnold, 
Editor of the Narragansett Historical Register, read a paper 
on the Huguenots at Narragansett, in which he gave an ac- 
count of the importation by the Atherton Company, whose 
headquarters ap})eared to be at Newport, of a Colony of Hu- 
guenots from France, about the year 1G75. These Colonists 
were sold by the Company, a lot of land in what was known 
as Newbury, a section about six miles square, in the present 
town of Exeter. The land had been set apart by the Indians 
as a dowry for the widoiv of Mexam, the last of the sons of 
Conanicus, jind her rights to the land were respected by the 
Colonists. When the Colonists saw the Frenchmen occupying 
land they had no right to, as it belonged to the Indian Queen, 
they made it very unpleasjint for the Frenchmen, who were 
finally compelled to remove to Frenchtown, further north. 
This action of the Colonists has been regularly misrepresent- 
ed, and their efforts to have the rightful title to land respect- 
ed have been twisted into a persecution of the Frenchmen. 
The only record there is of any hardship suffered by the Hu- 
guenots is that recorded by the Rev. Mr. Aurault of the de- 
struction of his Church. Careful investigation showed that 
this was due to the same trouble, the title to lands, as the 
Church had been erected on land not owned by the French, 
and as tliey would not remove it the Colonists pulled it down. 
When the French came to understand how the Colonists look- 
ed upon the attempt of the Atherton Company to rob the 
Indians of their lands, and after they had settled on property 
really owned by the Company, they became fast friends, and 
the fact that some of the proudest names in this part of the 
State, Aurault, Vernon, Tourjee, etc. were of Huguenot ori- 
gin shows that the Colonists, instead of persecuting the new 
comers, received them as welcome additions to their numbers. 

430 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Hon. Joseph W. Porter, tlie distinguished editor of the 
Bano-or Historical Maoazine, Maine, sends us the following- 
note in regard to the Torrey Family. ( See pages 294, 295. 
of this volume. ) 

Rev. Samuel Torrey, of Weymouth, Mass., had no children. 
He died Apr. 21, 1707, aged 75 years. His wife, Mary Raw- 
son, died Sept. 10, 1692, aged 50 years. Their gravestones 
are at Weymouth. 

Jossph Torrey, Jr., horn Weymouth, Oct. 19, 1707. Was 
not a graduate of Harvard College, and none of that name at 
that time. 

Our iiew petition asking the Honorable General Assembly 
to make us an appropriation for the publishment of our Great 
Work, " The Vital Record of Rhode Island 1636 1850," 
was placed in the hands of the Hon. George C. Cross, the 
Senator fr(mi Charlestown, wdio presented it to the Honorable 
Senate January 22. Tliis petition does not seek to enrich its 
petitioner at the expence of the [>ublic, but modestly requests 
that the State will do for the Old Records what enterprising- 
Towns in Massachusetts and other States have paid libeially 
for compiling besides assuming the cost of the publishing and 
distributing. So anxious is the compiler to see his labor of 
love in print, that he has sunk out of sight all thoughts of 
self, in his efforts for the public good. The People of the 
State pay out now^, not far from ten thousand dollars yearly 
for the various annual cenceses. This information will be 
valuable in the future, but as it becomes valuable, ought not 
ours to also become so, when it will place a complete record 
so far as the books show from the commencement of our 
States' history. Could not our State Assembly afford to 
make a small appropriation for this purpose while being so 

Editokial Notes. 

extremely liberal towards the present. We would like to 
We 11 o«v fri«Hl« to "'terest theniselves .n our behalf, and 
rusehe'mfluenceby such means as thay have at command 
Tfley -iU do this much for us we .hall be uuleed grateful. 
The Dedham Historical Society have decided to publish 
.J "their auspices a historical quarterly, the first number 
i,ich no V o > our table contains forty-eight pages of very 
<,t wluc 1 now ,,,.oposed to print this beautiful 

irri^^itltdeitr s^of one doL a year, cert.ainly 
quaiLeiij civ T\^A}.c,y^ mirh a work will be 

I, n iwno-vpssive town as Dediiam, sue a d. v>u 
"Iterrcannothave too many such publication. 
We heartily wish the enterpn-se success. 

we have ,.^ laid aside one ^^^^^ sX 
::rrln: ;Ur w:ri:-pl":eH an admii.ble puV 

Si Sterc-sting-. If this be the fact, then a >^eh -tis 
LLreforthe scholar who delights in such a feast. We 
; , g itulate the Society upon so happy a beginn.ngand wish 
thefi success in such a commendable enterprise. 

The Providence Almanac and Business Dii^ectoiy for 1890 

Ua^reacl ed our table through politeness of the publisher. 

has leacneu ^ yfhite, the Providence Man- 

frltlt^irectLes that have been prnited^ 
supervision, show a careful, painstalung hand •- w^l - a 
lib degree of order and typographical beauty. This little 
work is proving a useful publication. 

432 Narragansett Historical Register. 

Mr. James H. Oliiey, lias placed befoie the reading public 
his £>eiiealo"ical work, " Thomas Oliiey and his descendants 
in America." It has several fine plates and the printing is 
first class. Mr. Olney has done a good work and deserves 
the tliaidis of his family for this labor of love. It is works 
like these that will live and Mr. Olney will be remembered 
for this work by posterity long after his business career is for- 

The next volume will be worthy of the series, and will have 
articles of decided merit. With cur iiicicai-cd experience we 
Hatter ourselves we are now in a position to procure a more 
interesting variety of matter than has hitherto been our for- 
tune to command. We shall do our utmost towards produc- 
ing a worthy volume, and we entreat our kinel friends anel 
patrons to stand by us and to aid us by such means as they 
have at command, in order to enable us the better to fulfill 
our wishes in the above matter. 

From what matter we have already in hand and from what 
has already been promised, we can safely promise our leaders 
that Volume Eight of the Register will be as rich in histori- 
cal and genealogical information as any of the volumes be- 
fore issued. We are fondly trusting that fate will be so kinel 
as to allow^ us to publish it as is now our wish to elo. 

With this number closes our Seventh Volume. In review- 
ing the work of the last year, he can say, that while he has 
not been as much favored as he would have liked, yet in others 
he thinks he has been passably successful. For all the favors 
that has been bestowed upon the Register, by its friends, the 
Editor is grateful for and wishes they may be continued. He 
congratulates the readers of this volume, that it is the largest 
one yet issued of the series and that it has Avithin its covers 
many articles of decided value and importance.