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THE 00L061ST. 

-rOR THE- 

Student or Birds. 




FRANK H. LATTIN, Pi ui.i-urn. 



A. M. EDDY. 




Afternoon with the Birds 16 

Albino Birds 181, 230,236 

Albino Eggs 10. 183,219 

Amusing Antics of a Pair of Brown 

Thrushes 137 

A. O. U., Meeting of the 16 

Arsenical Soap, Danger in using 163 

Association of American Ornithologists 

103, 199,219 

Association of Scientists, Shall We 

Have a General 203 

Association, Western New York Natur- 
alists 317 

Avis Urbis 93 

Baldpate 81 

Biology. Seaside School of 165 

Bird Life of an Islet 101 

Bird Migration 121 

"•Bird Nesting in North-west Canada" 206 

Bird Nesting in November 241 

Birds, An Afternoouwlth the 11 

Birds North of Their Usual Range 34 

Birds of Elgin County, Ontario 81 

Birds of Linn County, Oregon, Some Ear- 
ly Winter 63 

Birds, The Extinction of Our 65 

Bittern, American 82. 1.56 

Bittern, Least 82, 186,';i98, 219, 324 

Blackbird, Red-winged 11, 84, 134, 235 

Blackbird, Rusty 84 

Blackbird, Yellow-headed 1.5, 29, 1.55 

Bluebird 87, 133, 160, 180, 183, 326 

Bluebird, Western 64 

Bobolink 84.225 

Bob-white 11, 60, 82, 324 

Jinbo Virginianus, Early Nesting of 31 

Buffle-head 81 

Bunting, Indigo 85.225 

Bunting, Lark 223 

Bush-tit, California 201 

Iiuteo6—A Large Series and a Good Col- 
lector of • 36 

Cabinet, An Egg 238 

Canvas-back 81 

Cardinal 85,225 

Caracara, Audubon's .._., 62 

Cat-bird :... 86, 1S.3, 236 

Chat, Long-tailed .....„•. 34 

Chat, Yellow-bre.sted 3.3, 34, 325 

Chewink 122, 184, 231, 242 

Chewlnkin Broome Co., N. Y 158 

Chewink in Orleans Co., N. Y 122, i:« 

Chewink in St. Lawrence Co., N. Y 343 

Chewink, Northern Breeding Range of 197 

Chickadee 86, ISO, 18.5, 198, 326 

Chickadee in Kalamazoo, Michigan, Nest- 
ing of Black-capped 99 

Chickadee, Nesting of the Chestuut-backed..l47 

Chuck-Wills-Widow 94 

Climbing Strap 89 

Cobb's Island, A Trip to 905 

Collecting Case 89 

Collecting Cord _88 

Collecting Net 89 

Collection, A Perfect 35 

Collector. A Few Articles for the 88 

Connecticut, A Rambling Mixture from 179 

Coot, American 29, 82, 1.55, 225 

Corrections..... 32, 61, 104, 134, 187 

"Cosmopolitan" 18 

Cowbird 15, 84, 134, 180, 183, 223 

Cowbirds Nest, Was it a 8 

Creeper, Black and White 161, 175 

Creeper, Brown 86 

Crossbill, American 84 

Crow, American 15, 84, 93, 123, 134, 164, 225 

Crow, A White 236 

Crow, Caliiornia 64 

Crow Not Increased by Tongue Spliting, 

Talkative Powers of the 16 

Cuckoo, Black-billed 83, 176, 178,224 

Cuckoo, Yellow-billed 83, 176, 185, 334, 241 

Cuckoos in South Dakota 176 

Cuckoos, Yellow-billed and Black-billed 140 

Curious Find 160 

Day Among the Fish-hawks 3 

•■Davies"Nests and Eggs of North Ameri- 
can Birds 134 

Dickcissel 85, 164, 225 

Dipper, American 57, 64, 120 

Divers. The 196 

Dove, Mourning 83, 124,234 

Duck. American Scaup _81 

Duck, Black 81 

Duck, Ruddy 83, 156 

Duck, Wood 81 

Duty to Perform 126 

Eagle, Bald 18. 83, 97, 123, 135, 140, 145 

Eagle. Caracara or Mexican 62 

Eagle. Golden 98, 183 

Eagle, Gray Sea 99 

Eagles in Iowa, Bald and Golden 31, 159 

Eagles of North American 97 


EgR, A Seed Imbedded in Yolk of 15 

Egg Within ;ui Egg 1^ 

Egg-blower. A Living 100 

Egg CoUecting-The Two Classes 34. 124 

Eggs. A Good Enough Way to Blow 12 

Eggs. Albino 10 

Eggs In the Nest, Another Bird's 307 

Egret. American ^ 

Embryoes. Removing 123 

Enemies of Our Feathered Friends 127 

Feeding the Birds In Winter 156 

Flnph. House ^ 

Finch. Nesting of the Purple 100 

Finch. Pui-pl^ ** 

Finch. Sharp-tailed 101 

Fish-hawks. A Day Among the 3 

Flicker 84,234 

Flicker. Red-shafted 64 

Flood, The Story of a 155 

Florida. Items of Interest from 144 

Florida Notes. Some 135 

Flycatcher. Acadian" — 224 

Flycatcher. Crested 84, 234' 

Flycatcher. Least 28.84 

Flycatcher Notes 27, 61 

Flycatcher. Notes on Wright's 103 

Flycatcher, Seissor-tailed 217 

Flycatcher. Trail's 225 

"Forest and Stream" 14 

Frauds 242 

'•Fremde E'ur im Nest" .......207 

Gallinule. Florida 29, 83, 178, 186, 224 

Gnat-catcher. Blue-gray .86,226 

Unat-c:vtcher in Arkansas. Blue-gray 240 

Oolden-eye. American 81 

Ooldflnch. American 15, 84, 177, 225 

Ooldlinrh. European 122 

Goose. Canada - 8S 

Goose. Migi-atlon of the Canada 102 

Crackle, Bronzed 84, 122, 134, 22.5 

Grackle. Purple 12i 

Grebe. Homed 81,186,246 

Grebe. Pied-billed .. '^0. 81, 1.55, 18P. 106 

Grosbeak, Blue 219 

Grosbeak. Evening 84, 123 

Grosbeak. Pine 84 

Grosbeak. Rose-breasted . &5, 335 

Grosheiik Widower. A Rose-broasted 186 

Grouse. Canadian Ruffed 83 

Grouse. Oregon Ruffed 63, 163 UutTed 234 

Grouse. Sooty f>3 

Gull. American Herring .. . 81, 234 

Gull. Bimeparte's 81 

Gull. Pacific Klttlwake . 63- 

Gull. King-billed -4C 

Gulls. The 214 

Harlan's Buzzard and the Red-tall is»9 

Hawk. American Rough-legged S3 

Hawk. American Sparrow.ft. 18, 32, 63,8,^. 145, 224 

Hawk. Broad-winged 64, 83, 93, 199 

Hawk. Coopers 63. 83. 93. 96. 180. 234 

H.awu, Florida Red-shouldered * 

Hawk. Harlan's 123, 19» 

Hawk. Marsh 29, 8S 

Hawk. Nesting of the Red-tailed 95 

Hawk, Nesting of the Sharp-shinned* 161 

Hawk, Pigeon 83 

Hawk. Red-shouldred 83 

Hawk. Red-tailed 14, 83, 183, 199, 224 

Hawk. Shai-p-shinned 83, 23.S 

Hawk. Western Red-tail 83 

Hawk and Wren Legend .143 

Hen, Prairie 224 

Heron. Black-crowned Night 175 

Heron, Great Blue.. 14, 63, 82, 159, 20.5, 243 

Heron, Green 13, 82, 128, 224 

Herons in Florida 135 

Heronry. An Indiana 175- 

Hummingbird, Alexander 117 

Hummingbird, Allen's 117 

Hummingbird. Anna's 7, 34, 117, 123 

Hummingbird, Black-chinned 117 

Hummingbird, Calliope 117 

Hummingbird. Costa's :.... 117 

Hummingbird, Nest and Eggs of the Ru- 
fous 157 

Hummingbird. Ruby-throated 84, 181, 183, 224 

Hummingbird. Rufoiis 117 

Hummingbirds of California IIT 

Indiana's New Bird Laws 205 

Insect Preventativ^e 123 

Ivy, Poison 179 

Jay. Blue 84,225 

Jay, Florida Blue 144 

Jay, Oregon 64 

J.ay. Steller's 163 

"Jordan's Manual" ,„. 123 

Jimco, Slate-colored '.. a5, 160 

Junco, Some Notes on the Breeding of the 

Carolina 160 

Killdeer 82,224 

Killdeer's Nest, How I Found a 184 

Kingbird ., 27.84,234 

Kingfisher, Belted 38, 63, 83, 234 

Kingfisher. Random Notes on the Belted 87 

Kinglet. Golden-crowned 86 

Kinglet, Ruby-crowned 86 

Label. Address 242 

Lai'k. Prairie Horned 84.295 

Letter, A Timely 2)6 

Loon 81 

Loon. Red-throated . . 81 

Mallard ...(«. 81. 

Marsh. Collecting in the 29 

Martin. Pm-ple 85, 235 

Meadowlark 11, 84, 16.5,335 

Meadowlark, Western 64, 90 

Mearns. Request for Skins by Dr 18 

Merganser. Amei'ican 81 

Merganser, Hooded 81 

Merganser. Red-breasted 81. 

Michigan Notes 177, 185 

Michigan Ornithology 125 


Michigan Ornithology, Changes in 1-40 

Microscopal Society, American 207 

Migrations, A Study of 187 

Mockingbird 835 

Moose, U. of M. Museum 134 

Mothers, Fond ..59 

Nest, A Much Occupied 93 

Nest within a Nest 186 

Nesting, Early 31 

Nidiflcation, Queer 15 

Nighthawk, 81, 133, 234, ^l 

Nighthawk, Florida 144 

Nighthawk's Nest, My First 14.3 

Notes at Random 198 

Notes and Queries 14, 122 

Nuthatch, Brown-headed It50 

Nuthatch, Red-breasted 58, 86 

Nuthatch, White-breasted 86 

Occurence, A Strange 13 

Old-squaw 83 

One Days Tramp ...243 

Oological^Treasures, How, Dr. M. Keeps 

His 838 

OOLOGIST 61, 136 

Oologists, Of Interest to 183 

Oregon, Interesting notes from 163 

Organization, In Favor of an 197, 203, 240 

Oriole, Baltimore 13, 84, 181, 8:^5 

Oriole. Orchard 31,58,84,225 

Oriole's Nest, How I Obtained an 203 

Ornithological Paradise 58 

Ornithologists, Association of American 

103, 199, 219 

Ornithology, A New Era in 136 

Ornithology and Ornithologists, A Few 

Notes on 181 

Osprey. American '.... 3, 83, 145, 159, 205 

"Our Birds in Their Haunts" 223 

Outing, An April's 800 

Ouzel, Water 57 

Oven-bird 86,180,825 

Owl, American Barn 201 

Owl, American Long-eared 83, 93 

Owl. Arctic Horned 83 

Owl, Barred 33, 83 

Owl, Florida Screech 144 

Owl, Great Homed 31, 83, 128, 127, 824 

Owl, Saw-whet 83 

Owl, Screech S3, 90, 178, 195,834 

Owl, Shor^eared 83 

Owl, Spotted • 803 

Owl. VVestem Homed 10, 63, 801 

Owls as Pets 185 

O.vls, Snowy 18, 8;^ 

Owls Tenacity of Life 9, 147 

Parrot, Carolina 245 

Partridge, Califomia 203 

Pelican, Brown 124, ia5 

Pelican Island, A Trip to 184 

Pewee, Wood 28,61,84,224 

Phalarope, Wilson's 155 

Pheasant, Chinese 118 

Pheasant, Mongolian 118, 163 

Pheasant. Ring 118, 163 

Phoebe; Pewee 18, 27, 84, 884 

Pigeon, Passenger 60, 66, 83. 183, 141 

Pintail 81 

Pipit, American 86 

Plagiarism 14 

"Plain Talk" 14 

Plover, American Golden 83 

Plover. Black-headed 60 

Plover, Piping 83 

Plover, Semipalmated 83 

Plover. Wilson's 15 

Poison Ivy and Sumach 179 

Poor-v.'ill, Nuttall's 283 

Quail, Mountain 63 

Queer Neighbors 188 

Queries 14, 122, 164 

Rail, Clapper 305 

Rail, mng 156 

Rail, Virginia 178 

Raven, American 64, 84 

Redhead 81 

Redpoll; 84 

Redstart, American 86, 177, 225 

Relics by the Wagon Load 226 

Request, A 187 

Robin, American] 87, 186, 226 

Robin. Mountain 64, 104 

Robin, Western 64, 216 

Robin? Where is the Southern Breeding 

Limit of the 163 

Sanderling 82 

Sandpiper, Baird's 83 

Sandpiper, Bartramian 82, 249 

Sandpiper, Least; 88 

Sandpiper, Pectoral 82 

Sandpiper, Semipalmated 82 

Sandpiper, Spotted 14, 82, 101, 178, 224 

Sandpiper, Solitary 82 

Sapsucker, Yellow-bellied 81, 224 

Seedeater, Eggs of Sharpe's 202 

Shrike, Northern 85 

Shrike, White-rumped 85, 225 

Signs Denoting Sex in Birds 183 

Siskin, Pine 31,84 

Smith's Island, A Trip to 159 

Snipe, English 18 

Snipe, Wilson's 63, 88 

Snowflake 84 

Soliloquy, A New Year's 57 

Sora 29, 82, 178,200 

Sparrow, Chipping 85, 157, 183, 225 

Sparrow, English.l4, 1.5, .59, 88, 123, 121, 125, 

176, 181, 186,225 

Sparrow, English, A Suggestion 104 

Sparrow, Field 85, 225 

Sparrow, Fox 85 

Sparrow, Gambel's White-crowned 178 

Sparrow, Grasshopper 225 

Sparrow, Heermanu's Song 200 

SpaiTow, Heuslow's 180 


Sparrow in Bay City Midi.. The English.... 176 

Sparrow, Lark 225 

Sparrow Must Go." "The English r)9 

Sparrow. Rusty Song <>i 

Sparrow. Savannah 84 

Sparrow, Song S.">, 16 1. ifeO 

Span-ow. Swamp St 

Span'ow. Tragic Death of a Field 9 

Sparrow, Tree 8.5 

Sparrow. Vesper 84 

Span-ow. White-crowued 84 

Sparrow, White-throated 84 

Sparrows— ?^lectrocute Them" 1^3 

SpaiTows, Now— The Time to Wage War 

ou the English 5 

Sumach. Poison 179 

Swallow. Bank 8.5. 102. 22.5 

Swallow. Ham a5, '/26 

Swallow. Cliff. a5, 2a.5 

Swallow. Rough-winged 85, 225 

Swallow, Tree 8.5, 122, 225 

Swallow. White-bellied 122 

Swallows. A Curious (deformed) Pair of al 

Swift. Chimney 84,324 

S^ntt, Pigmy 60 

Tanager, Scarlet 14, So. ISO, 225 

Taxidermy, Expert 17 

Teal, Green- winged 81 

Tern, Arctic 102, 198 

Tern, Black 29. 15.5, 186 

Tern. Common 19S 

Texas Notes 36, 144, 165 

Thanksgiving Notes from the Far West 239 

Thra.sher, Brown 86, 1S3, 18.5, 226 

Thrasher. California" 218 

Thrush. Hermit 58, 87, 91, 124 

Thnish, Olive-backed 86, 185 

Thrush, Russet-backed 237 

Thrush, Wilson's 13, 86, 178, 1S5 

Thrush, Wood 34, 86, 185, 226 

Thrushes, Amusing Antics of a Pair of 

Brown 1,^7 

Towhee K5, 122, 138, 158, 184, 197, 221, 225, 242 

Towhee, California ..200 

Towhee, Oregon 64 

Towhee, Range of the 18^ 

Towhee, Spurred 202 

Trays 238 

Turkey, Mexican 141 

Turkey, Wild ^a, 141 

Unusual Occurences ISO 

Vlreo, Blue-heailed S5 

Vlreo, Philadelphia 85 

Vireo, Red-eyed 85, 100 

Vlreo, Warbling 85 

Vlreo, Yellow-throated 85 

Vulture, Turkey CS, 8,3, 122, 123, l&l, iKi. ISI 

Vulture, (Tm-key) Occupying Nest more 

Than once 164 

Warliler, Hay-breasted SO 

Warbler, Black and While a5, 161, 175 

Warbler. Black tind White Creeping 175 

Warbler, Black-bumian 86r. 

Warbler, Black-poll 86. 

Warbler,Blaek-throated Blue 59, 86 

Warbler, Black-throated Green — 86 

Warbler, Canadian ...59, 87 

Warblei-, Cape May 5S 

Warbler, Cerulean 86 

Warbler, Chestnut- sided 86 

Warbler, Connecticut 86 

Warbler Family, Notes on 182 

Warbler, Golden- winged 58, 85 

Warbler, Kirtland 124 

Warbler, MjTi-tle 86 

Warbler, Magnoli 86 

Warbler, Nashville 59, a5. 

Warbler, Nest of the Chestnub-sided 243 

W^arbler, Orange-crowned 85 

Warbler, Parula ...86 

Warbler, Prairie , , . . 225 

Warbler, Prothonotary 225 

Warbler, Tennessee , 85. 

Warbler. AVilson's S6 

Warbler. Wilson's Black-capped 58 

Water-thrush 86 

Water-thrusli, Large-billed 122 

Water-thrush. Louisiana 86 

W^axwing. Bohemian S.'V. 

Waswing. Cedar 85, 225 

Western New York, Naturalists Associ- 
ation 217 

Whip-poor-will 60, 84, 94, 124, 224, 241 

Whip-poor-will, What Causes the Quick 

Notes of the 148 

Wlllet 205 

"Wolverine Naturalist" 15 

Woodchuck, Black 15 

Woodcock, American 66, 82, 123, 186, 224 

Woodpecker, California , . . 202 

Woodpecker, Downy 84, 224 

Woodpecker, Hairy. 234 

Woodpecker, Large Set of Red-headed 32- 

Woodpecker, Nesting of the Downy in 

Kalamazoo Co,, Mich 5 

Woodpecker, Northei'n Hairy 83. 

Woodpecker, Nuttall's 201 

Woodpecker, Pileated 14, 64, 84, 236. 

Woodpecker, Red-bellied 84 

Woodpecker, Red-headed 84, 123, 224 

World's Fair Notes 166, 187. 226, 246 

Wren, Bewick's 143 

Wren. Carolina, 119, 143, 158, 215 

Wren, Hoiise 86, 226 

W^ron, Long-billled Marsh.. 4, 86, 143, 155, 186,219 

Wren. Parkman's 201 

Wren, Short-billed Marsh 4 

Wren, Western Winter 64 

Wren, Winter 86, 124, 143 

Wrens, in Hudson Co. N. J,, Marsh; 4 

Wrens of North Carolina .143 

Yellow-legs 82, 156 

Yellow-legs, Greater 88 

Yellow-throat, Maryland 58, 86, 198, 225 

Yellow-throat, Western 200^ 


Prizes for Best Articles- 

We have deeided to give our 
patrons, each moutli, five prizes. 
These prizes are to be awarded 
to the five best articles appearing in the 
05L0GIST in whioh the offers are made. 

For the live articles in ilm (Feb) OoLO- 
GIST which are the most instructive, 
valuable and interesting we shall give as 

1st prize— A Fart of Maynard's Birds 
of Eastern Xorth America, bound in 
boards and leather. 

2nd prize — Davie's Key to the Nests 
and Eggs of N. A. Birds, in flex, cloth. 

3d pi'ize — Same as 2d prize, in paper. 

4th and otli — Each a set with ilata of 
the Noddy. 

For the March competition Ave will 
give a similar set of prizes,and through- 
out the year the aggregate value of 
these monthly prizes will not be less 
than ten dollars. 

The articles entering into competition 
must contain at least one hundred 
words and we prefer that they do not 
exceed seven hundred words, unless 
they fairly tecnn with very, very inter- 
esting facts or happenings — Remember 
that "fancies," ' rehashes," "sparrow 
stories" and articles of a similar nature 
are not solicited and will rarely be 
found "availaljle." 

THP^ JUDGES: Yon have Ijeen sel- 
ected to act as one of the Judges in 
these Prize article contests, and your 
decision must be promptly and fairly 
given, and in no case later than the 
10th of the month following the one on 
which the OoLoglst was issued upon 
which your decision is given. 

Yoiu- decision for this month's com- 
petition must Ije mailed us yuA later 
than Mar. 10th. Write on the l)ack of a 
postal card the articles which you have 
decided to Ijc the most vdluable, instruc- 
tive (Hid interesting in this number of 
OoLOGiST and mail to us. Number the 
articles in tht; which you think the 
prizes should l^e awarded. 

We have also decided to give our 
Judges five })rizes, one to each of the 
five whose decisions are nearest the 
final award of prizes and in the Febru- 
ary competition the Judge list of 
five articles is the nearest the awarded 
list, we will give a copy of Davie's Key 
to the Nest and Eggs of N. A. Birds, 
paper. 2d and 8d each a set of Noddy. 
4th and 5th eacii a set of Sooty Tern. 

In case of a tie, the earliest mailed list 
takes the prize. 

Address Frank H. Lattin, 

Albion, N. Y. 

The Oologist for 1892. 

The Oologist is without question the most 
popular and instructive magazine, devoted 
to Birds, tlieir Nests and Eggs, ever published, 
and while of special value to the Oologist and 
Ornithologist, its publisher is not alone in his 
belief that Teachers, Scientists, Natui-alists. 
and Curiosity Collectors in all departments will 
tlud the Oologist not only worthy of their at- 
tention^ but of their suhsci-'ipfions. On January 
isaa, the OoLociiST entered its ninth volume, 
and it will be the aim of its Publisher, with the 
aid of its subscribers, to make it of greater 
value than any preceding one. Each number 
for 't>a will coiitain twenty pages ( 16 and a cov- 
er), and will be promptly and regularly issued 
the first week of each month and will be sent 
post-paid to any jiart of the World 

For Only 50 Cents. 

Every subscriber received for "92, will be 
mailed a card composed of two Coupons one of 
which will entitle the person addressed, to a 
free Exchange Notice, of ^.t words in the Oolo- 
gist if used within one year from date. The 
.second coupon will be accepted by the Publish- 
er of the Oologist from the person addressed, 
in payment for or towards anything he offers 
for sale, to the amount of 25 cents providing 
the goods ordered amount to not less than $1.25 
This coupon is just the same as 25c in cash to 
you if you should want to purchase anything 
of us to the amount of $1.25, during the year. 

Remember every subscriber received for the 
Oologist mil receive FOR ONLY .tq CENTS 
the following : 

The Oologist for '99 $ .50 

Coupon for an Exchange Notice 25 

25c on $1.25 order 25 



For INVENTORS. 4n-page BOOK FREE. Address 
W.T.Fitzgerald.Attorney at Law,Wa&hingtonD.C. 

PETRIFIED MOSS.— Fine specimens post- 
paid for 10. 20 and 30 cents, stamps taken, 
but silver preferred. A. B. ROBERTS, VVey- 
mouth. Ohio. j8t 



Soldiers disabled since the war are entitled 

Dependent widows and parents now dej^en 
dent, whose sons died from effects of army ser- 
vice are included. If you wish your claim 
speedily and successfully prosecuted, address, 


Late Com'r of Pensions, Washington, D. 0. 



"- ^^'iJ^J^^l^^p^^'^rom Choice sel^d ^1^;^^ ^^ oE^^S^i^^l!^ ^sf ^IJi; 
and is cut aud polished >0';^M;^;-n'u«;J ^orkmen No^^^^^ ^^ j^.^. 

|\^ri^l^^SrlSd\S--^'n^*;:^:^e^i^^ that ixnmediate 

^^'•''^uV-om iudeVv?^^^^^^^ such as "Niagara Falls Spar" "Moonstone" "Mineral 

'''''%^S^^^hi:rS^^^'^ and of the best quality rolled plate. 

The above illustrations are reduced one-third. 

Scarf or "Stick" Pins. 

1 Scarf Pin, small Ball 

2 '• •• larger " 

3 " " Acorn 

4 '• " Bell 

h •■ •' Bug 

6 •• " Eagle's Claw 

Lace Pins or Brooches. 
11 Bangle Lace Pin, 1 Balls 

1.' 5 " 

IS '• •' " 6 " 

14 " " " 4Acoi!,- 

15 " " " 4 Bells 

16 Straight " " 

17 " " " IBellBanjd. 

18 ' " " 3 " 

1« Straight Liico Pin. i ball bangles 

Ear Drt)ps. 
•-•1 Ear Drops, Ball 
W '• " Acorn 

23 " " Bfll 

31 Bangle Bracelets, « Balls 

m ■■ la " 

X^ 6 Bells 

3» i) Acorns 

a-i f. Assorted Bangles 

.30 i'.iui y •' RLning on rolled plat* 

spring wire. 1 Bt 11 Bundle 


.$ 25 




1 00 

1 (X) 
1 fit) 
1 OO 



1 10 

1 10 


' 1 rio 

Fob Chains. 

41 Queen Chains, linked 1 00 

4-i •■ '■ on Fox Chain 125 

43 Victoria Chains, linked 1 50 

44 •• •' on Fox Chain 175 

We furnish the Chains with either Ball o> 

Acorn Charm. 

Glove Buttoners. 
51 Glove Buttoner, Ball Bangle 76 




61 Necklace, linked 2 5C 

O'i ■• on Fox Chain 3 OQ 

Watch. Charms. 

71 Watch Charm, Ball 35 

7.i '• •■ Acorn 35 


81 Hair Pin 1 OC 

Ha Jersey Pin, Eagle's Claw .. l 8C 

S3 Double Pins, (two of the Scarf Pins con- 
nected with rolled plated chain contain- 
ing a bangle 1 OC 

We are constantly adding neM' designs. 



The Younf Oolopst i The Oolof ist 

Comprising together the most popular magazine, devoted to Birds, their 

Nests and Egjgs, ever published. 

Appreciating their value, the published has reserved a limited quantity of each 

issue to supply future vjleniands. He has now, all told, 


Collectors will readily see the advisability of Completing their Files or obtaining a 

Complete Set at Once! 
Back numbers will soon be exceedingly rare and valuable and possibly not obtainable at any price 


The following table of contents enumerates some of the principal articles in each issue. The 
"short articles" mentioned are one column or less in length and are all of gre-it value to the 

Not mentioned in the list of contents, each issue contains one or two pages of "items" or 
•brief notes", one column to two pages of exchange notices, and from three to eight pages of 
advertisements, besides a "query column" which occurs in many, although not all issues. 


VOLUME I. Nos. 1. 3, 3, 4, 5, and 12 each con- 
tain 16 pages. Nos. 6, 7, 8, 9, and lOeach contain- 

'JO pages. No. 11 contains ;« pages'. 

No. 1,— Instructions for Collecting Birds' Eggs, 
(3 pages. : Cones' Key; Twenty-four short ar- 
Ucles. May, 18H+. 

Uo. 2.— Instructions for Collecting Birds' Eggs, 
concluded, (2 pages) : Painted Buntings; Gala. 
Mottled Owl ; List of Birds Found at Mon- 
treal; 'ii short articles. Jiine, 'Si. 

Ko. 3.— Maine Items; Yellow-headed Blackbird; 
Orchard Oriole ; The Slip System; Wilson's 
Thrush ; Hand-book of Agassiz Association ; 
23 short articles. July, 'SI. 

No. 4.— Screech Owl ; Importance of Identifica- 
tion; A La. Heronry; Cardinal Crosbeak; 
Eygle's Nest; How to Make and Use Bird 
Lime; 14 short articles. Aug., '84. 

No. 5.— Bird-nesting— To Collect Scientifically, 
(3pages); Cala. Birds; From Wyoming; 5« 
short articles. Sept., '84. 

No. 6.— Bobolink, C^'/i pages) ; Sea Birds of 
Maine; Egging in Cala. Swamp; Old "Put" 
and the Bird's Nest; List of Wisconsin Birds; 
la short articles. Oct., 'M. 

No. 7.— Bi'onzed Grakle ; Singular D uel ; Fish 
Hawk ; Spurred Towhee and Least Tit; Old 
"Put" and the Bird's Nest; Bird Islaud; 14 
short articles. Nov., '84. 

No. 8.— The Alligator; Collecting in Mar.shes; 
Woodcock; "Our Birds in Their Haunts;" 
Iowa Notes; Redstart; Summer Redbird: 18 
short articles. Dec, '84. 

No. 9.— Baltimore Oriole; Texas Jottings; Sap- 
suckers; Barn Owl; American Ornithologists' 
Union, {S images); How to Handle a Gun; 
Black-capped Titmouse ; Egg of the Moa. Jan. 

No. 10.— Winter Wren; Cala. Duck Hunting; 
Screech 0\\\:I>arie's Egg Check List; Pea- 
cock with Queer Tastes; White-bellied Nut- 
hatch; Blue Jays; Spotted Kobiu Eggs; 8 
short articles. Feb., '85. 

JIo. 11.— Bank Swallow; English Sparrows: 
Study of Birds: Gt. Horned Owl; Yellow- 
billed Cuckoo; Garabel's Quail; Conn. Notes; 
Intelligence of the Oriole; Yellow-breast 
Chat; Maryland Yellow-throat; White- 
Ruuiped Shrike; List of Pacific Coast Birds; 
Kuiglits of Audubon: Sample Data Blanks, 
(4 pages) ; 33 short articles. March, '8.5. 

No. V-i.—Comjiletts Vol. I. Title pages for 
binding, with complete and exhaustive iu'^.ex, 
(8 pages.) A.pril, '85. 

VOLUME II. consists of but two numbers. 
Each contains 33 pages. 

No. 13.— Bartram's Gardens; South Carolina 
Observations, (6 pages); Scientific Names; 
Gt. Horned Owl; Bank Swallows; Knights of 
Audubon ; Hummingbird ; R. I. Notes ; Texas 
Jottings ; 3U short articles. May. 'K'). 

No. 14.— American Crossbill ; Audubon's Birds 
of America; Illinois Notes; Destruction of 
Birds ; Cuckoos ; Cala. notes ; Wrens on the 
Warpath; Golden-winged Warbler; Fox 
Sparrow; Our Winter Birds; Snipe Creek; 
Red-head; Wisconsin Jottings; Burrowing 
Owl, etc. ; A Florida Trip ; BLorned Lark ; 
Queer Homes and Nestinar sites : Brave Bird ; 
FeiTuginous Rough Leg ; Sparrows ; Pigmy 
Nuthatch ; 3ti short articles. June, 'Sii. 


VoUimes III. and IV. are Bi-Monthly. The 

remaining volumes are Monthly. 
VOLUME ni. each is.sue averages 18 pages. 

No. 15.— Full page Frontispiece.- ^w.«rw«ft Wa- 
ter Ouzels and Nest; Chester Island and the 
Marsh Wrens; Birds of Cortland Co., N. Y., 
(4>4 pages); A Cheap Cabinet; Nest of the 
Black-and-white Creeper; Summer Birds 
about Washington, D. C. ; Davie's Nests and 
Eggs of N. A. Birds; Water Blowpipe; 5 
Short Articles. Jan. & Feb., '80. 

No. 16.— Vagary of a Collector (Great Homed 
Owl, Climbtug Strap) ; A Hunt for Tern Eggs ; 
Birds of Cortland Co.. N. Y. ; Notes from 
North Carolina; Whip-Poor- Will; Nest of the 
Brown Creeper; Black-l)illed Cuckoo Deposit- 
ing Eggs in a Yellow-billed Cuckoo's Nest; 
Cannibalism of the Red-headed Woodpecker; 
23 short articles. March & April. '86. 

No. 17.— History of a Bird-Box; Tree Sparrow; 
N^sts of the Green Heron; Bird Notes from 
lovva; A Difficult C;i.nb after a Red-tailed 
Hawk's Nest; Review of the Check-Lists of 
N. A. Birds, with special Refereiice to the 
new A. O. U. List (3 pages) ; TJie State o.' 
Maine as a Field for the Oruith(*Jogist; 19 
short articles. Mav & June, '86. 

No. 18.— My first W hite Crane's Nest; Spring 
Notes; Notes from Chest<?r County, Pa.; 
Turkey Buzzards; How to Make a Cabinet; 
Chewink Nests in a Tree; A Cabinet for a 
large Collection: 13 .short arti'-les. Jy.A:Aug..'R« 

No. 19.— Collecting on Long Island ; Chimney. 
Swift; A Dav with tlie J .ooiis: lUiuois liiru- 
Notes; Marsii Wreii-^: A l^iicky WoodPowee; 


Notes ; 8 short articles. Sept. to Nov b6. 

bindintr with complete nnrl exhaustive Index 
of Volumes II. and III. Dec, '86. 
VOLUME IV. Each issue averages 12 pages 
N ). ai. -Birds ol Chester Coimiy, t-emi. (IJ 
pases); Chestnut-sidetl IV arhle.r; Massachu- 
setts Letter; Bills of Birds ; 3 shoi;t articles. 
No 23.— Notes from Spoon F.iver Region, Illi- 
nois; PeculiariUes of the Ruby-throa.ed 
Hummingbird; Purple V,''V^iii"l*^;„J^'?^\,h' 
Collect; Bird Surgery; Ilufous-vented and 
Beudire's Thrashers and Canon lownee. 
Newsv Items; Notes from College Hill. Ohio. 
Nesting of our Swallows; Notes from Siill- 
van Co, N. Y. ; Blue-Gray Gnat<^atcher : 
Notes from Connecticut; Fidelity of the bong- 
SpaiTOw; 13 short articles. March to May hr. 
Nos 33-24. Combined number,— Tour in tht 
Woods at Fort Washington. Pa.; National 
Museum (Department of Birds, Nest and 
Eggs) ; Beaver County, Pa. Notes ; Black- 
capped Chickadee; Hawking: Agassiz Asso- 
ciation and its Work; Crow Roosts of New 
Jersey; Swainson's. Warbler; Destroy the 
Cowbird; Traill's and Acadian Flycatchers; . 
short articles. June to Sept., '87. 
N)S 2.5-26. ConiDiued numler.—Gannet : White 
Pelican; Black-ci>pped Chickadee; Mocking- 
bird: Lat« Collerting; Yellow-breasted J< ly- 
catcher: 5 short articles. Oct. to Dec, '87. 
VOLUME V. 16 pages each issue. 
No 2?.-Brown Tmasher; Bald Eagle; Shoot- 
ing a Golden Eagle; Florida Jottings: De- 
8tnictivo Nesting (English Sparrow) ; Arctic 
Terns; Notes from Lincoln County. Maine ; 
Acadian Flycatcher; Red-shafted Flicker ; 14 
* short article's. Jan., '88. 
No 88.— Title pages for binding, with complete 
and exhaustive Index of Volume IV. ; Egg ol 
jEpyarnis Maximtis, the Colossal Bird of Mad- 
agascaj- (GVi pages) ; Fish Crow. Feb., '88. 
1^0. 2^.—Ictevus sjmrim\ Water Blowpipe; 
Cardinal Grosbeak; Kansas Notes; A Moon- 
light Trip; Among the Coots on St. Clair 
Flats; Brown Thrush in Confinement; 9 short 
' articles. March, '88. 

No :-;0.— Boat-tailed Grackle; Destruction of 
our Native Birds (4 pages) ; Gleanings from 
Correspondence : Nest in a Horseshoe ; 5 short 
articles. April, '88. . „ , , 

No. 31.— Oology (Advice to Collectors): Bald 
Eagle; A Snipe Hunt; Notes taken at Norris- 
town, Pa. ; Nidification of Ictinea nussissiiipi- 
enKis; Among the Warblers; Chestnut-sided 
W^arbler: 6 short articles. May, '88. 
No. 33.— Familv liallidne in Michigan (.S'4 
pages): Egg Collecting; Bird Voices; Road 
Kiinnpr : S:ot«s on the Birds of Beaver, Pa. ; 3 
Short articles. June, '88. 
No .1-;. i.>c).,ii or cireat Northern Diver (2 
pages); Eggs of Mississippi Kite; Nesting of 
Vi-.,wn Pelican; Breeding Habits of American 
Flamingo (3 pages) ; ?, short articles. July."88. 
No« :■'■:'.:>. ('(.iiib'nfd ni'T>ibPv. — Ken"niscpnces 
Of 1886; Trip to Seven Mile^Beach; Defense of 
i,.n,.--. ti.-.-i WMricDi \> auUe.-^Ua Co., VViscon- 
> Bin; Great Auk; Arkansas Notes: Black 
Snowbird ; Notes for Collectors ; Some of our 
Falronitlae; Jim (A T:ime Crow) ; Buffalo 
International Fair; 8 short articles. Aug..Se]). 
N >s. 3«>-37. Combined number,— Americnn'Os- 
prev; A Day with the Culls ; Florida Notes ; 
A Plea for the English Sparrow ; Useful Con- 
trivances; Game Laws; Notes from Lake 
County, Ohio; South Carolina Notes; A 
Pleasant Excursion ; Sp;irrows and Cat; Her- 
mit Thrush : Western Hou.«e Wren ; A Few 
Words to Obsprvers ; Flying Squirrels Occu- 
pying Birds' Nests ; 15 short articles. Oct., Nov. 
Ro. -i^. — ;)-itrich Fanning : An Afternoon's Col- 
lecting Trip ; California Notes : Notes from 
Bt. L.awreuce Co , N. Y. ; Bird-Arrivals in N. 

E. Indiana ; Bank Swallow ; Faunal Changes, 
— DeKalb Co.. lndi:xna ; Audubon Monument t 
10 short articles. Dec, '88 
VOLUME VI. 20 pages each issue. 
No. 3U.— Title pages for binding, with Complete 
and Exhaustive Index of Voliune V. ; Breed- 
ing Habits of the Bridled Tern : Wood Thrush 
and Brown Thrasher ; From Western North 
Carolina ; Birds of Broome Co.. N. Y. : Pecul- 
iar Egg of Corv'jsfrt/ffirorus,- Cuolcoos : Notes 
fromAlabama ; Carolina Parakeet; 12 short 
articles. Jan.. '89. 
No. 40.— A Red-headed Family (Pii-idaf) (6',4 
pages) ; Raptores of Michigan ; Wild Turkey i 
Birds of Iowa: The "Critic" Criticised; 8: 
short articles. Feb.. '89. 
No. 41.— Directions for making a Bird or Mam- 
mal Skin ; The Ow! ; A Crow Quandary j 
Birds of Macon County, Ga. ; Collecting Ex- 
perience;- Story of a Tame Crow; 6 short, 
articles. March, '89. 
No. 42.— Raptores of Michigan (3 p,?ges) : Nest- 
ing of the Tufted Tit; Peculiarities in Sets; 
and Eggs of a Few of our Commoner Birds t 
Difference between White-ram])ed and Log- 
gerhead Shrikes : Birds of Grafton Co., N. 
H. ; Sample Pages of Davie's New Check- 
List ; 6 short articles. April, '89. 
No. 43. — Avi-Fauna of Orleans County, N. Y. 
((■)'/<; pages) ; The Robin ; The Crow in the- 
North; Bald Ep ale's Vpct : Making Bird 
Skins ; 3 short articles. May, '89. 
No. 44.— Birds of Matthews cO., \"a. ; Ch.anges 
in the Nesting of Birds; Coliecting Tour in 
Florida ; Nesting of Pygmy Owl ; Difference 
between "White-rumped and Loggerhead, 
Shrikes ; Black-ljilled Cuckoo in Dakota ; 
Datas ; Nest of ]\Iarsh Hawk ; 4 short articles^ 
No. 45.— Michigan Notes (4is pages) ; Arkansas 
Notes ; Goldliiieh in Confinement : Burrowing: 
Owl : Our Reply ; Gleanings from Correspond- 
ents ; 5 short articles. July, '89. 
No. 46.— Notes from Hillsborough Co., Florida 
(3 pages) ; Shore Lark in Canada ; Can Quails 
be Domesticated ? ; Red-tailed Hawk ; Untime- 
ly End of a Set of Bro^^^l-headed Nuthatch, 
Eggs ; Broad-winged Hawk and Black-capped 
Chickadee ; Gleanings from Correspondents t 
Wilson Ornithological Chapter of the Agassiz. 
Association : 4 short articles. Aug.. '89. 
No. 47.— "Old Abe" Jr. : A Day's Collecting 
Ti-ip; Bell's Vireo; -Black Tern; Yellow- 
rumped Warbler; An Automatic Blower, 
Flight of Ducks ; White-eyed or Florida Tow 
hee; Pygmy Owl: Cooper's Hawk; 10 short 
articles. Sept., "8'.). 
No. 48.— Winter Birds of Kalamazoo County^ 
Mich. (2it pagest : Americiin Loug-eai'ed 
Owl ; Wood Ibis in Illinois ; Birds of Bertie 
Co.. N. C. ; Collecting in Western Florida ; A 
White Sparrow Nests and Eggs of North. 
American Birds ; Black Tern ; 8 short articles. 
Nf>. 49.— Thick-billed Grebe; Birds' Nests; Yel- 
low-hilled Cuckoo ; Mechanical Egg Drill i 
Birds Moving their eggs : Cardinal Grosbeak j 
To Pack Eggs for Transportation ; Disposal 
of Duplicate Siiecimens ; Complete List of 
the Birds of North America arr;vngod accord- 
ing to the A. O. U. Check-List (6 pages) ; S 
short articles. Nov., '89. 
No. .")0.— Birds of Niag:ira County. N. Y. ; SITore 
Lark ; Incidents in Bird Life ; Gleanings from 
our Correspondence : Alarsh Hawk ; "i'ellow. 
headed Khitkbird ; Northern Phalarope ; 1? 
short articles. Dec, '89. 

No. 51.— Title pages for binding, with Complete 
and Exhaustive Index of Volume VI. : Note& 
on Florida Birds (3 pages) ; Ornithology and 
Bicycling ; Audubon Ornithological Club t 
Florida Field Notes ; Trip to Devil's Glen : 
Simple Contrivance ; Capture of a Trumpetei 
Swan ; 4 short articles. Jan.. '90. 
No. ,55}.— Breeding of the Brown-headed Nut- 


hatch ; Prairie Hoi-ned Lark : CollPftincr F.x- 
porience; Suowy Owl ; NesL of the Texan B^)^- 
white ; Uiiusual Nesting of the Downy Wood- 
pecker ; Eve)iinf; Grosbeak ; 131ue-Oray Gnat- 
catcher and Tufted Tit ; 6 short articles. Feb. 

No. 5.3.— Snnimer Resiclonts of Buena Vista 
Coiiutj', Iowa: In the Wood.s of Floi-ida ; 
Birds of Mackinac l.sland. Mich. : Amon^ the 
Gulls on Isle Royale ; Sandhill Crane ; Kven- 
ing Grosbeak; Ruby-crowued Kinslet; Cac- 
tus Wren ; Screech bwi in Captivity : Taking 
Birds' Nests ; 11 short articles. March, '90. 

No. 51.— Caged Eagles: ••''.viniin.u 'irosbeau ri 
pages); Soliuiry .Sandpiper; Siuniuer Red- 
bird : Notes from Rochesier. Mich. ; Family 
Ralliildf in Minnesota ; Downy Woodpecker , 
Hardly Ornithological . lU short articles. Apr. 

No. .VS.— Do Kirds Male More than Oiioe?; 
Habits of r.he Evening Grosbeak ; Pileated 
Woodpecker in Florida; Bird Protection, 
Chinese or Mongolian Pheasani in Oregon, 
Prairie Warbler ; Winter Bird.s in Spring ; A 
ValUiible Work : Davie's New Work on Taxi- 
dermy ; 13 short articles. May, '90. 

No. .W. — .Nesting tiabits or the .Mnencan Oyster- 
catcher; Prairie Horned Lark; Saw- Whet or 
Acadian Owl; Pine Warbler ; Bluelurd : Albi- 
nos; Pileated Woodpecker in Mahoning 
County. Ohio; Belligerent Neighboi-s, Re- 
cording the number of Birds Observed ; Book 
Review ; Prospectus of the Worcester Natural 
History Camp (4i'j pages) , 12 short articles.Je. 

N'o. .=)7,— American Crossbill; Ci'ested (irebe^ 
Voracious Mountain Trout; Yellow-hilled 
Cuckoo; Long tailed Chickadee; Rough- 
winged Swallow; Great Horned Owl ; Some 
Unusual Happenings . Pallas' Cormorant ; 
Eggs of Audubon's Warbler ; 12 short articles. 

No. .tS. — 'I'he Oaiirimnlgi.iJdf in Aik;)ns;is: 
White-bellied Nuthatch ; Strange Co-habita- 
tion ; Variation in the Eggs ol f/aliia Indovici- 
ana; King Rail in Minnesota; 8 short arti- 
cles. Aug., '90. 

No. 59.— The Use of th« Camera in the Field : 
Saw-Whet or Acadian Owl ; Nesting of tho 
Black Snowbird : Marsh Hawk . Plain Tit- 
mon.'-e ; Lost Opportunities; The Magnolia 
Warbler ; Wilson's Plover at Home ; 8 short 
articles. Sept., '90. 

No. 60.— The Use of the Camera in the Field. 
A study of nests (6'/4 pages, illustrated with i 
photo engravings); The Flathead (Montana) 
Field; The Owls of San Bernardino Valley; .\ 
Collecting Adventure. The Ruby-throateil 
Hummingbird; Ornithologists at Indian- 
apolis; The Burrowing Owl: After "Gators' 
E^gs;" Notes from Northern Minnesota. 
Oct, '90. 

No. 61.— The tiuby-throated Hummingbird 
(Fairies in a Fairyland) (.S'4 pages) ; Notes 
from Travis Co., Texas; A Week to Mt. Ham- 
ilton; Great Homed Owl; Strange Co-habit;;- 
tlon; Brewer's Blackbird; Nesting of ( on- 
fopwi borealif! in Maine; A Letter from Oliver 
Davie Relating to his New Work on Taxi- 
dermy; Notes on Ardea herodius; The Prn- 
thonotary Warbler; Nesting of the Virgini:'. 
Rail; The Yellow Rail in Mich. ; An Outline 
of the More Valuable Articles Appearing in 
the Y'ouNG OOLOGiST (3 pages) ; 7 short arti- 
cles. Nov., 'BO. 

No. 6a.— The Rusty Blackbird; Notes from 
Ohio; Evening (irosbeak in New Hampshire; 
The Cala. Partridge or Valley Quail ; Nothing 
at All— a Poem; Case for Instruments; Notes 
from Island Lake. Florida ; 3 short articles. 
Dec. '90. 

VOLUME VIII. No. as contains 24 pages 
No. M, 32 pages. No. (5ti-()7, 3(5 pages including 
cover. The balance. 20 pages, including covers 
No. 74 also contains an additional 4 page in- 

No. 63.— A Day Among the Fish Hawks: The Wrens of Hudson Co., N.J. ; Now — 
The Time to Wage War on the English Spar- 
row; Nesting of the Downy Woodpecker in 
Kalamazoo Co.. Mich.; American Sparrow 
Hawk; Anna's Hummingbird; Was it a Cow- 
Bird's nest; FU)rida Red-shouldered Hawk ; 
On Owl's Tenacity to Life; Western Horned 
Owl; Albino Eggs; An Afternoon with the 
Birds: A "Good Enough" Way to Blow Egg; 
Meeting of the A. O. U. ; Expert Taxidermy; 
5 short articles. Jan. '91, 

No. (U.— Flycatcher Notes; Collecting in the 
Marsh; House Finch; The Barred Owl; Y'"el- 
low-breasted Chat; Anna's Hummingbird; 
Birds North of Their Usual Range; Egg Col- 
lecting—The Two Classes: A Perfect Collect- 
ino ; Texas Notes ; Nesting of Hinniis pinufi in 
the Northwest. Title pages for binding with 
complete and exhatistive index for Vol. vii. 
■1 short articles. Feb. '91. 

No. 6.").— A New Y'ear's Soliloquy; Water Ouzel;. 
An Ornithological Paradise; "The English 
Sparrow Mixst Go"; Fond Mothers: Pas.sen- 
ger Pigeon; The Oot.ogist; Caracara or Mex- 
ican Eagle; The Cooper's Hawk; Some Early 
Birds of Linn Co.. Oregon; Broad-winged 
Hawiv; The Extinction of Our Birds. Mar. '91 

No. t)t)-(>7.— Combined Number.- A List of the- 
Birds of Elgin Co., Out.- (f>i.i pages); Ran- 
dom Notes on the Belted King-ilsher ; The 
English Sparrow; A Few Articles for the 
Collector; Screech Owl; Western Meadow 
Lark; Hermit Thrush; Aves urbiii. A Much 
Occupied Nest: The Whip-poor-will; Nesting 
of the Red-tailed Hawk; Coj)per's Hawk: The 
E;igles of North America; Nesting of the 
Black-capped Chickadee in Kaliimazoo Co , 
Mich. ; Nesting of the Purple Finch ; The Red 
eyedVireo; Bird Life of an Islet; Migi-ation 
of the Canada Goose; Association of Ameri- 
can Ornithologists; Notes on the Wright's 
Flycatcher: 3 short articles. Apr. and May '91. 

No. 68.— The Hummingbirds of California; 
Ring Pheasant; The Carolina Wren; Ameri- 
can Dipper ; A Trip to Pelican Island ; Michi- 
gan Ornithology : A Duty to Perform ; Great 
Horned Owl; 'Enemies of Our Feathered 
Friends; Queer Neighbors; Bird Migration. 
June '91. 

No. t'li.— Some Florida Notes; The New Era in 
Ornithology; The Amusing Antics of a Pair 
of Bi-own Thr;ishers; The Chewink in Or- 
leans County: The Y'ellow-billed and Black- 
billed Cuckoos ; Changes in ^Michigan Orni- 
thology; My First NXghthawk's Nest; The 
Wrens of North Carolina: What causes the 
Quick Notes of the Whip-poor-will; A Better. 
Rejiort from Texas; Items of Interest froni 
Florida; The American Osprey; Nesting of 
the Chestnut-backed Chickadee. July. '91. 

No. '0.— The Story of a Flood ; Feeding the 
Birds in Winter; Nest and Eggs of the Ru- 
fous Hummingbird ; The Chewink in Broome 
Co.. N. Y. ; The Carolina Wren Again: A Trip, 
to Smith's Ishind; More A'oout the Iowa E;i- 
gles; S(mie Notes on the Breeding of the Car- 
olina Snow-bird; Bhick and White Creepers; 
Nestinu of the .Sharp-shinned lliiwk ; Danger, 
in using Arsenii-il S(>;ip; Interesting Notes 
from Oregon; Answers to th:it Turkey Vul- 
ure Query; "Meadow Larks ;ind Turkey Buz- 
zards: Seaside .School of Biology; World's 
Fair Notes. Aug. ''.d. 

No. 71.— The Black and White Creeping; War- 
bler.' An Indi:ina llerf)ny; The English spai'- 
row In Bay City, "Mich; Michigan Notes; 
Gambel's White-crowned Sparrow; A Ram, 


bUng Mixture from Connecticut; Henslow's 
Sparrow : A Few Notes on Ornithology and 
Ornithologists -.The Ruby-throated Humming- 
bird: O) interest to Oologists; Howl Found 
a Killdeer's Nest ; Kange of the T()whee;0\vlfs 
as Pets; Michigan Notes; A Kose-breasted 
Grosbeak Widower; 5 short arts. Sept. '91. 

No. 7L'.— The Screech Owl ; The Divers ; In Fa- 
vor of an Organization; What is the Most 
Northern I.:ititude in Which the Chewink 
Breeds: Notes at Ramdom ; Ornithologists 
Associ:ition : Harlan's Buzzard and the Ked- 
tail; An April's Outing; Eggs of the Sharpe's 
Seed-eater: Shall We Have a General Associ- 
ation of Scientists; A Trip to Cobb's Island: 
One of Indiana's New Laws: '-Bird Nesting in 
Northwest Canada." -Fremde Eier irn Nentr 
5 short articles. Oct. '91. 

No. 73.— The Great Carolina Wren ; A Timely 
Letter; Western Robin : Western New York 
Naturalists Association; The Scissoi'-tailed 
Flycatcher: California Thrasher; Ornitholo- 
gist Association: Albino Birds; Chewink or 
•Chewee"; ■•Our Birds in Their Haunts"; 
The Lark Bunting; List of Birds Found 
Breeding in the Vicinity of Peoria, Ills; 
World's Fair Notes; Relics by the Wagon 
Load. Nov. '91. 

No. T4.— The Sharp-shinned Hawk; A White 
Crow: The Pileated Woodpecker; Russet- 
backed Thrush; How Dr. M. Keeps His Oolo- 
glcal Treasures: Thanksgiving Notes from 
the Far West: The Blue-gray Gnat-catcher in 
Arkansas; Shall We Organize; Bird Nesting 
in November: Frauds; A Further Contribu- 
tion to the Chewink Controversy ; One Day's 
Tramp: The Nest of the Chestnut-sided V/ar- 
bler; The Gulls: The Carolina Parrot; Bar- 
tram's Sandpiper; The Horned Grebe; 
World's [>'air Notes. Tliis number also con- 
tains a 4-page inset of Nuttall's Ornithology. 
Dec. '91. 

No. 7Jj.— Bird Ne.sting in North-west Canada: 
Two Birds of Western Kansas; Ornitholo- 
gists Association ; Western New York Natur- 
alists Association; The Blue Grosbeak: 
Maryland Yellow-throat: Chewink; The 
Bronzed Grackle; Prizes for Best Articles; 
Are Nesting Cavities Occupied More than 
Once: Old Recollections; Summer Tanager; 
-The Way of the Transgressor is Hard";-Our 
Birds in Their Haunts." b short articles, this 
N(x also contains a plate in two colors of 
Long La]<e and Nesis of Canvas-back and 
Yellow-headed Blackbird. Jan. '9'^, 

Examine the little rose-colored address label 
on ilie wrapoer ot tlie Oolooist. The uuinher 
lollowlijg na'irie denotes the time when iour suu- 
tcrlptlon expires or has expired. 
56slgnlxie8 sour subbcnptioii expired Jime ISPO. 
ti2 •• ' •• •• •• Deo. •' 

b8 " •' June 1S91 

74 " •• Dec. 

80 •• • •• will expire June 18S<2 

S6 " " Dec. 

92 " •• June 1893 

We are desirous Of stralgliienUig our subscrip- 
tion books at once and trust our subscribers wiU 
send In meir subscrlpilons for 'y^ li cludmg all 
arrearages, at their earliest convenhuces, the 
amounts necessary to accompllsU tuls are as 

•'5«"— $1.2.-.. "62"— $1.00. -CS'— 75C. '-"-l"— ."iOc. 

Should jiiu desire to discontinue your subscrip- 
tion lo tiie Uoioiii.sT your liiuebiediic.^s to us is 
40 cents less ihau the above ainouuis. The rig- 
ures aie accoiding to our books l-eb. i, ls9rf and 
renewals sent since thai dale have been credited 
XiD our books, but not on the label. 







After which the prices of many numbers will 
be advanced, and possibly not obtxinable at 
any price . Shoiild you desire back numbers tf) 
complete your tile, itow is the time to purchase. 
You can never obtain them for less money and 
possibly not at any price, as our stock ranges 
from only five to 100 copies of an issue. 
Our prices until Feb. 1, 1893, are as follows: 
Nos. 18, 21 and 32 are 15cts each, 
Nos. 11, 13, 14-, 20, 23-24-, 34-35. 
4^2, 53, 60, 61, 64, 66-67, 75,10c 

IW° A\\ other numbers 5c per 

PAR ^1 HA rS^H ^^^ ^^'1^ send by retnrn 
fUU (pO OU vHOn mail a copy of every issue 
published— Nos. 1 to 74 inclusive, and in addi- 
tion, send the Oologist lor 1892, making 86 
numbei's in all. 

MnWT V f\(\o We will send a package of 
UllL I (jut twenty (20; all different back 
numbers, our selection. 

Our prices for bade Nos. of the YouN G Oolo- 
gist and OoIjOGIST. in volumes, are as follows : 

Vol. I. Young Oologist, Nos. 1 to 12 $ .60 

■■ II. '• •• ■■ 13 & 14 1.5 

■• 111. The Oologist, •• 15 to 20 35 

■• IV. •• •■ •■ 21 to 2,")-36...„ .30 

• V. •• •• •• 27 to 38 60 

■■ VL •■ ■■ ■■ 39 to .50 50 

■• VII. ■■ ■• •• 51 to (52 50 

■ VIII.'- •• •• 63 to 74 50 


Can be furnished, handsomely and strongly 
bound in cloth, as follows ; 

Vol. I. Young Oologist $ .85 

•• II. " ■• and Vol. III. 
The Oologist, bound in one vol- 
ume, for only 75 

Or if you order the two volumes at one time, 
we will send them by return m:iil for only $1.40. 
Every student of birds, their nests and eggs, 
should have these two volumes in theii' library. 
The valuable information they contain is worth 
many times the price. 


Albion, N. Y. 

B/J^n CUTS. 

An illustrated price-list of Electrotj'pes ot 
Birds sent free, j use the thing to use on your 
letter heads, circulars, etc. Engraving to oi 
der. H. A. CARHART, Syracuse, N. Y. 





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• Mjouist*"- FOR SALE BY musttn- 



The following Xo's. of the Ooi-ogist are of 
special value to to everj- collector: 
Feb. ''S9. Maui-ice Thompson's "Red-headed 

March. '89, "Directions for making a Bird or 

Mammal Skin." 
Nov., '89. Complete List of N. A. Birds with 

prices of eggs, also three pages of Oological 

Feb., "90, Complete List of N. A. Birds and the 

prices of their skins. 
Feb.. '91, A complete description of the first (i^ 

numbers of the Yocnc; Oologist and Oor.o 

GIST with Diice per copy, also an exhaustive 

Index of Vol. VII 
Any of the above Ooi.ogists will be sent you 
post paid for 5cts. or the entire ffve for only 
InctS'. Address 

Albion, N. Y. 


K. Codumft N. H. 



I* hria.Jt and JtOatt />«abr im 

tstiUoi'.liu Ijr tiu VUuiUiV 
Albion, N. Y. 

1 17 fUm ami. .vy-b ,|».c,i»«n kbd. nU] V SI! /<irO 
AitlluM plikiiay, FBAIX O. I^TTIU, AJLBIOS. >. T. 

Mr. Ho'wells' New Work. 

The announcement that Mr. Howells will 
leave Harper's Magazine, to take editorial 
charge of the Cosmopolitan, on March 1st, 
calls attention to the process of building up 
the staff of a great magazine. Probably in 
no monthly has the evolution been so dis- 
tinctly under the eves of the public as in 
the case of the Cosmopolitan. The first 
step after its editorial conrol was assumed 
by Mr. John Brisben Walker, was to add to 
it Edward Everett Hale, who took charge of 
a department called "Social Problems.'' 
subjects concerning which the greatest 
number of people are thinking today. 
Mr. Hale, who is a student, a fair minded 
man, a thorough American and a man of 
broad sympathies, has filled this position on 
a way to attract the attention not only if 
this country, but of leading European jour- 
nals. Some months later, a department 
was established called "The Pteview of 
Current Events." To take charge of this, 
a man was needed who should be familiar 
not only with the great events of the past 
thirty years, but who knew personally the 
leading men of both the United States and 
Europe who could interpret motives and 
policies. Murat Halstead accepted this po- 
sition with the distinct understanding that 
his monthly review should be philosophical 
and never partisan. The next step in the 
history of the ('osmopolitan, was the plac- 
ing of the reviev/ of the intellectual nuove- 
ment of the month in the hands of Mr. 
Brander Maithews, who for some time has 
been recognized as one of the two or three 
ablest critics in the United States. 

Finally came the acccptatiLe of the editor- 
ship conjointly with Mr. Walker, by Mr. 
Wm. Dean Howolls Mr. Howells, who is 
refogn'zed nniveraally as the foremost A- 
merican uf letters, upon the expiration of 
his contract with Harper Brothers, on the 
first of March will take in hand th*^ desti- 
nies of a magazine which promises to exer- 
ci'-e a share of influence with the reading 
••lasses of ihe Uuiiedl States. His entire ser- 
vices will be given to the Cosmopolitan, and 
everything ht! wiitfs will app. ar in that 
magazine during the continuance of his edi- 

D^L. DOWD'S Health Exerciser. 

For Hrain-Workcrs and .Sed,- 
entary People. (ientlemen, 
^_^_._, Ladies. You I hs. Athlete or liir 
HVlfniA^ii! valid. A coiDplfte gynmasium. 
J| Takes up bultihi sfjuure floor- 
room: new. scientitlc, durable, 
Cf)nipie)u'nsive. chenp. Indorse 
Pd by .■^(),(K)l) physicians.lawyers 
clergymen, editors, and others 
How using it. .Send for circular, id cngiavings, 
n(>chargi\ Prof. D. L. Dovvd. Sciciitiiic. Physr 
ii al and Vocal Culture. \, East 14lh St.. N. Y. 




Contains a concise accotint of every species of living and fossil Bird at present 
'knorm on the Continent north of the boundary line between Mexico arid the United 
States, including Greenland. 

Yhe Fourth Edition, exhibiting the New Nomenclature of the American Ornitholo- 
gists' Union, and including descriptions of additional species, changes, 
etc., up to May i, 1890. 

^SENERAL ORNITHOLOGY. — An outline of the structure and classification of 

of Birds; and 
^lELD ORNITHOLOGY. — A manual of collecting, preparing and preserving 


By ELLIOTT COUES, M. A., M. D., Ph. D., Member of the National 
Academy of Science, &c. 


The three former editions of this Standard Text Book of Oniitljolog:y lieirjr entirely out of print, 
%nd still vfTv much In demand, the publishers have spared ceitlier pnius nor exi'eii.'-e in the jirepar- 
Utlon of -TliK NEW KEY," In which the whole subject Is cuiefrJiy 1 roupht. duwii to dale, "t'oues' 
Key" Is too well known as a leading and authoritlve treatise to nquire j tuiark. ThtJ work coiitalns 
t)ver 900 pages and Is fully Indexed with several thousand entiies. 





Is the Name of a 40-page Monthly Magazine 

Published at Mount Holly, North Carolina. 
AH persons wishing to learn all about North 
Carolina, her iinlimited resourses. unrivaled 
climate, and unparalleled inducements ottered 
new settlers, also a full history of her flowers, 
birds and natural cu''iosities. should send 5 one- 
cent postage stamps for copy of OUR SOUTH- 
EKiN HUME auti receive also our little book 
entitled "The Crape. Fruit and Trucking iu- 
'du)5trv of North Carolina. Address, M. H. 
RIDKK. Mount Holly, North Carolina. 



■ ' «FOR sal:e, ' ; -^ 


■ - ' ;made By 


Scientific AmerTcan 
Agency for 


For information and free Handbook write to 

MUNN & CO., 361 Broadwat, New Yohk. 
Oldest bureau for securing patents in America. 
Kvery patent taken out by us is brought before 
the public by a notice given free of charge in the 

Larpest circulation of any scientific paper in the 
world. Splendidly illustrated. No intelligent 
man should be without it. Weekly, S3.00»* 
^gar; $1.50 six months. Address MUNN &C>' 
^'BLiSHERs, 361 Broadway, New York. 



111 u-^e ou y.-iirs. The only succes-^f"! rrraedy for 

Nervous Debility, Vital Weal^ness, 

and Proi-tration, from overwork or other causes. 
$1 per vial, or 5 vials and large vial powder, lor »t^ 
Sold by DurGolsrs, or sent postpaid on receip* 

Cor. William and John Sts., N. ». 

in u.-^e oO y 


OOLOmSn handbook Cn-mbing irons. 


86 lages of Valuable Information. 

It gives our regular price iist of oological specimens 
and supplies (th ; most complete ever sent out by any 
dealer). It .?ivis *rie common and scientific names of 
all North American birds, arranged and numbered 
according to Kidgeway b (the Smithsonian) nomencla- 
ture of 1881 ; it gives the numbers used in' Baird's 
check-list of 1859 and those used in Coue's of 1883 ; 
it gives the value of the eggs of over 500 species of 
North Amsrican birds, this fact alone making thJ 
catalogue invaluable to collectors as a basis of ex- 
change. It names the various families into which the 
birds of North America are divided, and enumerate* 
•he birds belonging to each family. It gives, approx- 
imately, the number of eggs in a clutch of every 
American bird. It tells how to prepare specimens for 
cabinet, how to pack them fpr transDortation, with 
many other useful hints. 

We have a few hundred copies of our '85 
Hnnd-Book left and will close them out at 
only 10c ts each. 

Frank H. Lattin. Albion, N. Y. 

Davie's Nests and Eggs 


Re-Written and Greatly Enlarged, with an 

Introduction byj. Parker Norris, and Full 

Page Illustrations of Nests, etc. by 

Theodore Jasper, A. M., M. D., 

and w. Otto Emerson. 

This work la descriptive of the Nests and Egga 
of the I>and and Wafer Birds of North Amenca, 
which includes all the species known to exist— 
those that occur or are indigenous north of the 
Southern United States boundary, Including 
Greenland and the peninsula of Lower California. 

Tlje breeding range of each species Is given, 
llie time of nesting, the exact number of eggs 
laid, their color and size together with the chief 
characteristics of the birds. 

The arrangement of the work Is according to 
the new nouienclatvu-e of the A. O. U. Code and 
Check List, and the old numbers (Rldgeway'B), 
M used In former editions, are placed to the 
right of each species. Throughout the text all 
the common names of the birds are to be fovmd, 
and a completk analytical lavnx ot these Is 

An Invaluable book as an aid for the Identlfl- 
i;atlon of specimens to all those collecting In the 

The work consists of 475 pages and 13 full page 

Paper Edition, $1.25; Cloth, $1.75. 


Sole Wholesale Agent. 
Orleans Co. Albion. N. Y. 

^W There ig 
?:oai-cely a month 
'a the year but 
what a pair oi 
ffuod Climbing 
Irons comes handy 
Do not let a low j)! ice lure 
you into puichasing an infer- 
ior article. Every tinw you 
use a cheap pair of iron.', it is 
well to remember, that the 
risk you run is a hundred- 
fold greater than with a reli- 
able pair. Our irons are the 
Lest made and are manufact- 
ured from the best and 
strongest material obtainable. 
The straps are wide and made 
from the very best of leather. 
Our climbers are the 
easiest, safest and most 
durable on the mar- 
ket and cannot be 
sold at a living profit 
for less money by any- 

During the past five years we have 
sold Inindreds of pairs of climbers-, 
have sent them to nearly every state 
and territory in the Union and have yet 
to hear of the first dissatisfied purchaser. 
From many testimonials, we select 
the following: 

"The climbers that you sent give entire satlsfac 
tlon and are well made In every particular." 

T. V. W.» Austin. Ills. 

"Received my climbers all right on the 21st of monih. Have deferred writing to vou till ' 
had used them. They are as good a spur as I 
ever tried and I think I am saf-j In saying that if 
you buj- your spurs of Lattln. you get good ones." 
J. P. J., Kelton, Pa. 

"All the supplies ordered came duly to hand.all 
O. K. Am more than pleased with them alL 
The cllmplng Irons are just what I wanted; the 
book ot datas Is Immense and the Naturalist's 
Guide Is well worth the price. I wish to compli- 
ment you on your method of packing. The goods 
that I received could hardly have been better 
nxed for transportation. Am more Impressed 
with your promptness every time 1 order: and In 
niture, let me say, It there is anything in your 
line that 1 need, you may be sure that I shall 
give you thepreference." 

H. C. O.. Shelburne Falls, Mass. 

Our prices are as follows: Strapped, 
ready for use, by express, at piirclias- 
er's expense, $2.50, or prepaid lo anv 
part of the United Stales, $3.25. Cliiiil)- 
ers without straps by cxpres.s, $1.00, 
prepaid, $2.00. 









"^^1:..' pf\e\/ents Dandruff 
aLLays Irritation 2< KEEps the ScAip cooL 





'"mf "'"' Monthly. [§f^ 50c. per Tear. ^^^1 



ALBION K ¥., JAN., 189 L 

No. 1 

Exchanges and Wants. 

Brief siieciai anuonnceuienls. "Wauts."" "Ex- 
t-UanKes"" inserted in this dei)artiB<MiL for A'x; 
per 35 words. Notices ov*>r 'Ji words, charged 
ut the rat<' of one-h:iif cent per word. No 
notice inserted for less than •i.TC. Notices 
which are mertfly iudiivot methods of soliciting purchasers cannot be admitted to these 
columns under any circumstances. Terms- 
cash with order. 

•.■Through your e.Kcbange notices and offers, 
wtc, I have increased luy collection over 150 
varieties in the last year and a half, many 
toeing valuable sets. Please except thanks for 
^^ame.■" H. R. ESCHENBERG. Gilroy, Gala, 

••I can't do without the Oolooist. it is the 
best paper of its kind In Atuerlca. Its Ex- 
change Ciiluma is a boon for collectors. 
From my notice in August number I received 
1 )ver Vi'> letters and cards, and even now nearly 
v'very dav I received letters from it. It pays 
big is to say it but briefly." W. E. SNYDEK, 
Beaver Dam, Wis. 

PAIR RED-TAILED Hawks for good shot 
guu or flrst-clas.s sets with data; 2nd-class eggs 
for fii-rtt'Ciass. A. V. THOMSON, Decorah, la. 

GOOD OFFER :-Will give an extra good of ■ 
fer of first or second-class eggs of Cal., for a 
rifle 44 or 15 gauge. Make offers at once. O. J. 
ZAHN, 4-^7 S. Hope St.. Los Angeles, Cala^ 

TO EXCHANGE,— Fii-st-ciass California 
birds"' eggs in sets and singles for bool« on Nat- 
ural History. Send list of Bool«. Address, 
EDMUND HELLER, Riverside, Calif. 

TO EXCHANGE.-Fifty varieties of line cab- 
inet minerals, for eggs in wts. including Lilac 
AVeruerite. Wernerite xld. Ohia^tolite xld. 
Green T;Uc, etc Geo. U BRIGHAM. Bolton- 

Enclosed please And 2:>c. Kindly leave my 
i Colenptera Exchange another moutli. I re- 
ceived such a numlx>.r of letters thiit ray displl- 
»-ate stock of Coleoptera is cleaned out. Happi- 
ly I am expecting (luit" a lot from Europe and 
Africa which I hope will arrive in a lew days. 
I hope through your paper to be aWe to ex- 
change them as :i.s I did the others, Cn. L. 
HALL. Carpinteria. Gala. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Six hundred Allen and 
♦Jinter's cigarette pictures, some arrowheads 
und an Indian pipe. Also the Washington and 
Beauties of the world albums. Make offer. 
WILKES MADISON. Cliarlie Hoimj, Va. 

TO EXCHANGE.— European ejrgs in sets. 
Hlso No. (ifW. Wanted 'J-iK 254. 1. 3. ;8)7. fiOfia. and 
others. HARRY SAKGENT. 39SI Lexington 
.Ave., New York. N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE— A Collection of .•i(K)T'V>ssils. 
Minerals, Relics and t'urios for good F< )i-eign 
and U. S. Stamps. J. C. WALTERS. r-.l.J N. 13 
.St., Rirhiaond, Indiana. 

WANTED TO EXCHANGE,— Electric Scarf 
Pins and Electric Bell Outfits, for rare eggs in 
sete. Send lists and stamp for prices. S'RED 
JONES, P. O. Box No. r>4. Martins Ferry. Ohio. 

WANTED.— Photo, camera and outfit. For 
exchange I h.ive Birds' Eggs, Skins, mounted 
birds. Deer heads, magic laiitern. pair foils and 
gloves. "Mlnofs Land and Game Birds." 
•'Davie's Egg Check List." and vols, of "YofNG 
Our,OGi«T,"-Ooi.O(;iST "and O.and O. HOWARD 
H. McADAM, Oak Bay, Charlotte Co., N. B. 

TO EXCHANGE.-"Slieridatf s Troopers on 

the Border" (new), 8'3 mmibers of "The Y'outh's 
Companion." 19 numbers of •■Century." 2 years' 
numbers of Ooi.OGisx Cf^X ''90), for fii-strclass 
Birds" eggs. Address. H. G, BARNARD, Poi> 
lar Ridge, Cayuga, Co. . N. Y. 

of FIO .stamps valued at fSii. Will take ijllt 
(nineteen) in ex. or f!'? cash. What offered. 
Addrn.s s, ERNEST E. LEE. Covington. Ga. 

EXCHANGE.— History of American Priva- 
teiTS for MaynarrVs Eggs of N{>rth Amer;c;i.n 
Birds. History of England for Davie's Nests 
and Eggs of North American Birds. Letters 
•answered, ELMER WEBSTER, East Jaffrev. 
N. H, ' 

TO EXCHANGE.— A 23-cal. riflle for the best 
offer of flrst-class birds' eggs, A Rood fife, a 
miniature steamboat and a i)-iagic lanteni for 
the best offer of climbing irons, strapped. R 
S. LOUDON. Big Rai)ids, Mich. 

TO EXCHANGE.—ISO Foreign and United 
States stiunps, with Album, for best offer in '-iU 
or :W CiUibn:- singb^action revolver. Chas. 
HOUSE, aw .Jennings Ave., Cleveland. O. 

TO EXCHANGE.— International Postage 
Statnp Album and 12.V* stamps, nil difT<'rent. 
And a BaltiJnore No, 4 printing press with one 
font of tn>f- and foot ball, for first-class eggs in 
sets or singles. R. H. THOMPSON. IIO'J St. 
Paul St., Baltimore, Md. 

TO EXCHANGE.-)i!15 worth of bird skins 
for g<5od Ontral Hre rifle. .Send description of 
rifle and receive list. Letlci-s answered 
JOHN L. HOOPER. Lake Mills, Wis. 

TO EXCHAN(;E.— First-class Birds' Eggs 
for other eggs. Send your li.sts and receiva 
mine. E. WILKINSON, 78 W. Bloom St 
Manslield, Ohio. 



TO EXCHANGK.— •Baltimoreaii" Printing 
Press. No. it. wth outHt: also "Itvrper'.s Young 
People" lor 1888. for bii-ds" eggs: set.s preferred. 
WALTON MITCHELJa 534 Simuuit Avenue. 
Saint Paxil, Minnesota. 

COUES' KEY. Srd edition, new. 6.a) : Wood- 
craft, new. .Tf.; Da\-ie's Manual, fivir condition. 
.40; Misi<issippi VaUev ReiJort, .Ih; English 
Sparrow Reix)rt. ..W: lai-ge lot of Boi>lts and 
flrst-cUkss eggs: Hawk. Owls, etc., exchange 
for iinything useful. W. USIGRAM, Oiliu, Dls. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— First-class eggs iu sets 
with data of 66»5a. for other tii-st-class eggs iu 
sets with data. Send yom- list stating number 
of eggs in sets. WARD AMES, Jr., 214 1st 
Ave. East, Duluth, Minn. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— Oregon Bird Skins, for 
other skiu.s and eggs. Correspondence solicited 
from all working ornithologists. Will also ex- 
change sldns for books. Br. A. G. FRILL. 
Sweet Home, Oregoa. 

WANTED.— To purchase fii-st-class sldns for 
cash. Parties having same ■«ill please sena 
list. State whether male or female, adult or 
young bird and enclose stamp for reply. 
JAMES P. BABBITT, 10 Hodges Ave. , Taun- 
ton. Mass. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— A 1 skins or mounted' 
ST)ecimens of the Riog-uecketl or Mongolian 
Pheasant for A 1 eggs iu sets with data. Cor- 
respondence solicited. A. G" PRILL, M. D.. 
Box 1 1 . Sweet Home, OregOTi. 

TO EXCHANGE.— The following eggs in 
sets. Ridge. Num.: a<)4, E. S.. 11. 153. 2.")!, 460. 
378. S.TSa. 14E>, for .single eggs: also cigarette pic- 
tures- to exchange. All lettei-s answered. G. 
J. KEMPEN, in care of Henkels. Austin. Tex. 

EXCHANCiE NOTICE.— Birds' Eggs. Skins. 
Minerals. Shi'Us. Indian and War Relics. Coins. 
Medals, Tokens. Stamjis. Colonial Continental, 
U. S. and Confederate. Money. Cimosities, etc.. 
for same. E. M. HAIGHT, Box 24, Riverside. 

WILL EXCHANGE.— Pods of the Magnolia 
nmberelata 4 to .t inches long. Rare Fossils 
and Confederate Money and other Relics, for 
large Spears, Pii>es and other Relics or for Dry 
Goods. G. N. ROBINETTE, Flag Pond, Va. 

li'OR EXCHANGE. -A collection of tU-st-class 
eggs iu sets with data, value $1I).U0: will ex- 
change for a gcKid double-barreled shot gun. 
either bretu-h or muzzle loader, or for a good 
:)2-calibre riHe. A. B. ROBERTS, Weymouth, 
Medina Co. . Ohio. 

WANTED.— Collectors all over IT. S.. Canada 
and Mexico to collect Insects. Butterflies and 
Moths for me the coming simnuer: will give 
good pay in all kinds of Natural Histoi-y Speci- 
mens. For particulars ;wldress. W. E. SNY- 
DER. Beaver Dam. Wis. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Fifty classified European 
beetles for as many classified American ones, 
or any other oiler in Fossils or Eggs. C. L. 
HALL. Carpinteria. Cal. 

I WILL EXCHANGE.— A Detective Camera. 
4 X .5 Inch plate, with complete outfit, including 
dry-plaU>s. Sensitized paper, printing frame. 2 
rubber trays and all the chemicals and solu- 
tions, etc., for the best offer of birds' eggs in 
sets with data. Hawk and Owl eggs preferred. 
All answered. Write quick because yours may 
be the accepted offer. J. W. P. SMITHWICK. 
Sans'Souci. N. C. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Firsi-class. well mounted 
named Coleoptei-a. for insects of all orders, es- 
pecially Hemiptei-a and Hyuienoptei-a, Birds' 
Eggs ("singles > for same. Send lists. C. F. 
BAKER, St Croix Falls, Wis. 

COLLECTION valued at SI.tO. (Sets witlt 
nests and data) ; Compoimd micros'cope. with 
three jKfwers. 35, 75 and 200 diameters, in black- 
walnut case, pair climbing irons, old-fashioned 
Coifs four-ban-eled •l>epperbox" pistol ; Victor 
light road.ster bicycle, 52 Inch, in A. I. condition, 
with cyclometer, higgage cftrrier. bell, toe clips, 
whistle, tools, etc.. to exchange for offers: will 
sell bicycle and fittings for 185. R. B. WHITE- 
HEAD." We.stfleld. N. J. 




A bargain for some one. 
J. P. BABBITT, - Taunton, Mass. 


From the Head Waters of the Mississippi River 

NORWAY PINE CONES . 5c each. 25c per do/,. 

JACK PINE CONES ...2 for ,tc, 1.5c 

SPRUCE PINE CONES 3 for .5c. lOc 


Stamps taken, iiost-paid. address 


Park Rapids, Mfnr.. 


TO AN\' PERSON sending me 25c worth ol 
arst class eggs or other specimens I will send 
(•i)mpU't<> instructions for embalming and 
luouutiug birds. R. C. ALEXANDER. Stark. 

WANTED.- A live Barred or Great Horned 
Owl. Address. W. J. SIMPSON. W Park Row 
New York City. 

We hive just purchased of tbt^ 
manufactmvrs at less than actiial 
cost of plating, a lot of gold and sil- 
ver plated chami rules, size and 
graduation.'i are as illustrated. We 
have less than 75 all told and until 
B'eb. 15th (unless sold before) we 
will mail them prepaid at the fol- 
lowing low rates : 

Silver Plated J5c regular price r>,>G 
Gold ■' 20c " •' 7.'-* 

Albion, N. Y- 

Wood immi 

— TOK — 




Coi'respondence Solicited 

d yr Syracuse, N. Y. 



Daily News 

. . , , AN . , . . 
FOR $^.00 



A Chicago 

Daily Paper. 


Have about 175 skins nearly ail first-class. 
wiU sell the lot for $20.00 send for lists 
Address all inqairies to 

Box 116 Chatham Ont. 

A Household Necessity. 
Every paper we tiike up tells the 
same story: Humi'hkeys' Specifics 
have become a /lomdiold tiecessily. A 
Case of them in the house often saves 
hundreds of dollars ia doctor's bills. 


l>e cjinipd at our NEW lincofwork, 
■Jlj- ajid ho«orabI}-, by those of 
IT spx, vouiiR or old, and in their 
1 li><alities,Hlii-rcvcr they livo. Any 
,--- — - --— - ;""^ i-su <lo tie «<«*. Eiwy to leai-n. 
We forrnsh everything. We start ^ ou. No risk. You ran devote 
your spare momenla, or all your time <■« t^« work. This is an 
CTitirely new lc»<i,and brings u onderfuJ sueoeas to evwj- worker. 
B.-gnuners arc eamnig from S2o to S50 per week and upwards, 
; and more atter a httle experience. Wccan iiuTiishyou the em- 
ploj-reent and te«cli you ritEK. No space to explain here. FuB 
mformaUou Uttfc, XllXT E <fe CO., AUtJDbTA, JlUiNK. 


^ A pamphlet of informatioTi aad ab- 

\^stntct of the laws,«howinK How to 

' j^Obtain Patents, Caveat s, I'racip^ 

■ Marks, Copyrights, sent jrct. 

^Address MUNN &. CO. 

.361 Itrundway. 

New York. 


Exotic Bntterflies and Hotbs 

In billllant colors and at rare iDcauty, from India, 
Australia, Africa and South America for cash at 
balf casb and half in rare eggs or fine bird skins. 
Also fine cocoons from other countries. Send 5c 
for catalogue. Stale what you want distinctly. 
Absolutely no attention paid to postal cards. Col- 
lections made up In cabinets for museums and 
colleges, containing all the classes of Insects 
from every clime. We have t he largest stocli of 
Lepldoptera In New England and charge the low- 
est prices In the United states. 



New Kodak Cameras. 


Yoti pi^ess the httton, 

we do the resf 





t^Fur sale by all Photo. Stock Dealers. Send for Catalogue. 




See descriiytioa on pages 94, 95 and 06 Maij Ooloffist, alf^o leller oii 
jittycs 224 (ind 225 Noveviber isave. 

Tills work vv'ill be published only on condition that tliere are 50l^ 
subscribers; also, only that number will be taken. If the reqiiisite 
number are obtained the name of each v.ill be published in the work. 
A\'rite at once for subscription blank, proof pag»^s of the illustrations 
itiid for full p.'irticulars address 

\* To :uiy itailev of the Ooi.ogist, avIio will write Mr. Dnvie for u und 
])n)i)erly U!l t!i(^ siune, statin*^ to liim that tliey .siibserihe lor hix work, tiiroiif^it 
the recomeiidation of the publi.sher of the Ooj.ogist, we will, if yon are not 
more than please<l with tiie work m hen published, give you .$5,00 in for your 
i-opy and present you with a years subscription to the Ooi.oGiST, for your 


DfW.tfd t<j Ornithology, Oology and Nuturii.1 
History in Lri'ixt'ral. 

SuliKi rii>t:on -fh- i>er yoar. 3 sets of ?. eggs 
each '>f A;i\. lltniug (JuU aud oao year's sub 
Hcriptioii fi>r only Si .'JO. 
S;ibscrlij«-- at once aiiil yon ^ill neA'or regiet it. 
Sciniple copy for :ic stamij. Adiiress. 

HKNKY E. BKRHY. Ed. aud Piil>. 
D.irnarlscoltu. Maiiic. 

^ r^'mj ofiiy diregtory on earth 

; '. _- /ry''Jl,!.:::iO.(ll)l) t iiiHl.ilinn. Klris. 
! .'^&'-Ti!5- Til I <>ii."-i:> ju"r i.:i.k.- will !,e i:,.»-rl.a iiii.l , 


»'4l yutj arc 

ffiHi.U:K!aE«;\ til:il Jillir nanu- is vi'iit (.. 54!.;>;)l> I'ulilislii'i-N. 
PI!l[li)irSV.-V-AA.Ivfr:isprs.«l!,-rs.aii.( ..lliir>.„-..!.l from liicr 
f-AV It-iX-f : T jrou wil! rrroivc kanu.-ii!-, i.i-oi>u!>li llimis- 
^^-loniU, (if taliiakle S^imphs. Ia|ii.r., I:ni:ks, 
3i:ia.i/.iiir«.e>.<-.. AM. ^ i;!.K. ii:tvn<> nil<;r<-v> 

^ \ A.iiKiac.ts i>iRK(n(!:v«i>.. i:iimii«,N. V. 


Send for a fi-w hIicoIs of .-tanips or. 
Liberal discount to ajTeiils. 

JOHN E. wiarbLe, 

E035: 34, 



I i* Ta.NidcJiuy, l5lrd.->' i^klns and liggs. ^hell.'^, 

I (■linos. .Minerals, l''ubs;ls, liidlaa luhcs. cur- 

ipprnr,a. I losl-Kb and Katuraliiiis' supplies, Sinjfiug and 

! irvv IJfrJs. Talking I'.irrots, (jcMrish ajid 

\q\i ir;um Stock. Sei.u stamp lor Calalogues aud 

iiite LlJiLK. 


MICH. I .'^ly J-20 statu St., Jlaiisoii, Wis. 



ALBION N. Y., JAN., 1891. 

No. 1 

A Day Among the Fish Hawks- 

Lying to tiie iKntli of the main land 
of Mathews County, (Va.,) less than a 
mile distant, is Gwyun's Island, the 
greatei* portion of which, being cleared 
land, is in cultivation; the southern 
part, however, is a swampy low-laud 
with extensive tracts of marsh, densely 
covered with flags, bull-rushes, and 
other grasses common to salt marshes; 
here and there are small ponds of stag- 
nant water, while other portions are 
daily submerged by the Howiug tide. 
Thus a most excellent breeding ground 
is afforded for several species of the 
family, Rallidae, such as the Clapper 
and Sora Rails, and others; also thei-e 
may be found breeding in this locality, 
Marsli Wrens, Sharp-tailed and Seaside 
Sparrows. The Hails being in good 
demand for the table, ai*e much dis- 
turbed by the sportsman about this 
season, consequently, comparatively 
few are left to breed. Fax'ther up the 
island, adjoining these lowlands are 
wooded tracts, consisting chiefly of 
pine, with a undergrowth of 
myrtle and gall bushes, making it at 
times almost impenetrable. Here, too, 
is furnisiied a summer home, unsur- 
passed, for tiiat grand bird, American 
Osprey, which breed in great numbers 
ou the island. Then again, along the 
high sandy beacli, to the eastward, a 
favorite resort is found for the Least 
Tern and Piping Plover, which breed 
in company with each other, though, 
the former many times outnumbers the 
latter. Associated with this company 
i.s an occasional Nighthawk, whose 
presence is due, perhaps, to the 
myriads of mo.squitocs that infest the 
place, on which he is particularly fond 
of feeding; also from the fact of its 
being a favorable nesting site, rather 
than from any disposition on his part 

to be neighborly. He is ever ou hand, 
seemingly, to unite his harsh discordant 
voice with tiie sharp deafening cries of 
the Terns, which take to wing l)y the 
hundreds upon the near approach of 
anj^one to their nests. Such a i^lace 
offers a tine tield for the oologist as well 
as the ornithologist. 

It was here, with several friends, I 
had the pleasure last season of visiting, 
anil making some investigations with 
reference to Inrd life. 

Having made all necessary prepara- 
tions the day previous, we started out 
early on the morning of May the 7, '90, 
for the place. After several miles of 
tramping, through fields and woods, wa 
came to the landing from which we 
were to sail for the island. Sailing 
some miles down the river, we came in 
full view of the island, and what a 
beautiful scene gieeted our eyes this 
tender spring morning! The island lay 
in wide expanse before us, covered with 
its luxuriant growth of vegetation; the 
various shades and tints of green and 
yellow, afforded by the young foliage 
which ornamented every tree and 
shrub, presented a picture lovely to 

The storm of tlie previous night had 
chilled the morning air, but now as the 
sun neared the zenith, the gathering 
clouds were dispelled, and again the 
bright gemial sunshine warmed the 
atmosphere. With the azure sky above 
and the silvery waters beneath, the 
scene was, indeed, too grand to be 
painted l)y any artist's l)rush. Such 
surroundings tended to make the oc- 
casion more delightful. 

Arriving at the shore, we secured our 
boat ou the sheltered side of a little 
cove and landed. Immediately the 
Fish Hawks began to sail in graceful 
circles over our heads, uttering tlie i 


plaintive wliistliiig notes, vvhicii became 
.shriller i)n approaching nearer their 

When in the act of taking their eggs 
from the nest they often sweep sud- 
<lenly down as if aiming directly for 
you, but changing their t'ourse when a 
lew yards above your head, liy (;tl' lo 
repeat tiie same movements. 

Before us in every direction, could be 
seen their roughly constructed domi- 
ciles, invariably' placed in the pine 

Eager to know what luck awaited us, 
we pressed through the thick under- 
growth with egg-box and climbers 
strapped on, and hastened to ascend. 
>.' early all the nests contained fresh 
eggs, but sometimes a hard climb was 
rewarded witii disappointment; then 
again, in another nest would be two or 
tliree, rarely foui', beautifully marked 
<"ggs, which would more than compen- 
sate for the loss of the first. 

Their nests are huge structures of 
large sticks, seaweeds, corn stalks, or 
most any kind of rubbish. The mater- 
ials are put compactly together, and 
a re sulliciently strong to bear a person's 
weight. The top surface of the nest, 
which measures about two and half feet 
across, is perfectly Hat with a small 
depression in the center large enough 
lo hold the egg.s. After the young are 
hatched, they remain upon this Hat 
surface for several months, until thev 
are large enough to Hy. 

As we had d(jne considerable clim!)- 
ing, and the day being well advanced, 
we set down to rest, at the same time 
not forgetting to respond to the de- 
mauds within, by partaking heartily of 
a tempting repast which had been pre- 
pared for the oc(rasion. Such a diver- 
sion from the past three hours' work 
was l>y iu> means objectionable, as any 
who have hull a like experience can 
attest. Being now refreshed, we re- 
sumed our woi-k with renewed energy, 
until the numlx'i- of .sets was increased 

to twenty-tive. As the sun had now 
begun to descend toward the western 
horizon, with reluctant steps, we re- 
traced our way back to the boat which 
we had left in the morning, and getting 
aboard, we bade adieu to our feathered 
friends, who had treated us so hospita- 
bly during the daj'. Notwithstanding, 
their scolding utterai.ces seemed to in- 
dicate that we were unwelcomed 

Returning, we secured along the 
shores, some eggs of the Kingtisher, 
Green Heron, and Bank Swallow. 

Reaching home at sunset, tired, but 
much pleased with the success of the 
day, and being favorably impressed by 
the pleasant expei'iences — not soon to 
be forgotten — we were quite prepared 
to appreciate a quiet repose. 

M. C. White, 
Mathews County, Va. 

The Marsh Wrens in Hudson Co-, N. J. 

(Cii-totliorus j)alustns anil Cistolhorns 

The Long-billed Marsh AVren is an 
abundant summer resident in all the 
marshes throughtout this county (Hud- 
son). Arriviug during the latter end of 
May, its gurgling song may be heard 
throughout the breeding season which 
lasts about from the first of June to the 
last of July. The song is a gui'gling 
sound somewhat similar to the House 
Wren's; thus, red, led, leel, I'epeated 
about nine times in quick succession, 
Vi'inding up with a ledt. 

The earliest fi.nd of eggs that came to 
my notice was an incompleted set of 
five taken May 30, 181)0. 

The latest a set of six taken for me 
was July 17, 1889. 

They usually build in colonies of 
small or greater extent. 

The nests being a globular structure 
with an entrance on one side, composed 
of sedges on the outside and finer gras- 
ses within, lined with any soft mater- 


lals at hand, such as hair, feathors, 
string, cotton, waste, etc. 

The domiciles are attached to upright 
.swaying reeds, also being placed in a 
kind, of bush that grows along -the 
borders of salt ci-eeks in meadows here- 

The nests are usually placed about 
from 2^ to 4 feet from the ground. I 
•Saw one placed not more than one foot 
from the ground in short grass. 

The eggs are from six to ten in num- 
ber and are quite variable in color some 
pale and others deep chocolate brown, 
sometimes nearly uniform, again evenly 
spotted with dark brown, sometimes 
forming a coulluent ring al;out the 
larger end. 

The eggs of C. Stdloris are pure 
white, th(! nest corresponding to C. 
palustrns, e.xcept being neater, and 
lined with vegetable down, mostly that 
•of the cat-tail. 

The Short-billed Marsh Wren is quite 
roxe in this locality. 

Now if all our bii"d students who 
agree that the English Sparrow is too 
numerous would shoot, during the win- 
ter, as many as possible, would not the 
difference in numbers be a welcome 
discovery for our returning birds in the 

If this were practiced yearly, it could 
not fail to place a great check on the 
increase of the English Sparrow. If 
we each of us complain of the evil 
wrought by the English Sparrow, and 
yet each one, anxious that some one 
else should do something, fails to make 
a step ourself, how can we expect that 
the trouble will be abated? 

I think if we were to get up a compe- 
tition to see who this winter should 
kill the most Sparrows (English 
of course), it might be a means of in- 
creasing the number wliich would be 

I should like to hear the opinions of 
others on this subject. 

In the Jan. 1889 Oologist, Mr. Clute 

Found a nest of tliis species June 16. j gave an interesting article on the 

1889, situated in tlie midst of reeds, and 
was attached to the same. ' 


Jersey City, N.J. 

Now,— The Time to Wage War on tte 
English Sparrows. 

It is an already wed recognized fact, 
that the English Sparrow is one of the 
-evils which are "driving the number of 
our native birds, and driving them 
"far from the haunts of men," inas- 
much as the English Sparrow makes 
the haunts of man his spe;-ial I)reeding 

Much has been said about al)ating 
this evil, but as yat little or nothing 
seems to have been done . Has the 
time not yet come, to act? Winter is 
at hand, when we in the nortli wil] 
, have but few birds with us. At tliis 
time the English Sparrow presents ii 
very:^ conspicuous tignrc making it a 
iavorable opportunity lojdestroy him. 

"Birds of Broome County," with the 
suggestion that the example be followed 
by one from each of the other counties 
of this and other states. This was done 
to a certain extent by one or two and 
the matter dropped. 

Now the question is why was this 
dropped? As far.j as thej'^ went, the 
articles were very interesting, even to 
those not in the same locality with the 

If continued, as suggested Ijy Mr. 
Clute, I should think his would form a 
very interesting ornitholog}', showing, 
as it would, how birds common in one 
jjart of a state were yet unknown in a 
different localitj'^ of the same state. 
B. S. BowuiSH, 
Phelps, N. Y. 

Nesting of the Downy "Woodpecker {Dnjo- 

bates puhvsfeiia) in Kalamazoo County. 


Although tliis bird is common in 


spring and fall, but few pairs seem to 
remain to breed. My first opinion was, 
that it rarely, if ever, bred in this 
coimty, partly beeanse I was led to 
believe so by onr older oologists. My 
first nest was found in May, 1886, and 
contained four young birds. The cav- 
ity was about 15 feet from the ground 
and the stub itself looked as it had been 
the cradle for several broods in pre- 
eeeding years. I left the stub deter- 
mined to visit it the next season. On 
May 16, 1887, I went to it and found 
the bird on but thought it best to leave 
it another week. On the 23rd I cut it 
open and found five nearly fresh eggs. 
The hole was 9 feet from the ground 
and w^as drilled out where the stub 
was rotten and spongy. 

My next nest -vvas found on June 1, 
1888. It was in a dead limb that ran 
obliquely from the body of a live ash 
tree. It contained five eggs in an ad- 
vanced state of incubation. These dif- 
fer from any I have ever seen being of 
a dull white without the usual gloss. 
Later in the same year I found a nest 
with young birds in a poplar stub that 
would hai-dly stand alone and so coidd 
not get up to see the young birds but 
could hear them] plainly enough and 
see the old ones carrying food to them. 

On the 13th of May, 1890, while out 
for Marsh Hawks' nests, I saw a bird 
go into a hole in a poplar stub, but 
thought best to leave it until later. On 
the 21st I visited it and found, to my 
great surprise as well as joy, contain- 
ing seven eggs. (A good egg stoiy it 
may seem, but it is true nevertheless 
and can be proven.) The cavity was 
about 20 feet from the ground and the 
stub nu)re solid than usually oc- 
cupied. On: blowing these eggs one 
was addled and the other sl.x far ad- 
vanced in incubation. 

While going by the same stub on 
June 14th, I stopped and rapped and to 
my surprise again a head popped out of 
a hole higher up than the other. This 

contained three eggs slightly incubated. 
Although I did not measure it I think 
this hole was at least 25 feet from the 
ground. The cavity was very shallow 
from having been made in a hurry. 
These with another set taken by Mr. 
Harry H.Pomeroy are the only ones I 
know of taken in the county. 

R.B. Westnedge. 

American Sparrow Hawk. 

[Falco spari'erius.) 

The American Sparrow Haw'ks {Falco 
S2Ki?-vermi) are the smallest of the 
genus Falco resident in this counti'y. 
Here they may bo found in certain 
sections throughout the year; in others 
they appear as migrants, or in the 
breeding season only. Apparently 
they exhibit little jjai'tiality in selecting 
their summer homes; and those localit- 
ies are few where the diligent observer* 
fails to meet with the nest and eggs of 
this species. Probably, as a whole, 
thej'^ are the commonest of our hawks, 
and unquestionably one of the most 

While this species do not assume so 
defiant and even belligerent spirit, 
when molested, as do some of their 
larger kin, nevertheless their decided 
activity at such times has, no doubt, 
caused the amateur oologist to alter his 
intentions for the ti me leirg, at least 

When their nesting place is ap- 
proached, they appear greatly agitated, 
frequently darting about uncomfortably 
near the intruder, uttering simultan- 
eously, a harsh cry, unpleasant to the 
ear, peculiar, yet dillicult of descrip- 
tion. Although ornithologists as a 
rule, agree that thej- show little dispo- 
sition to attack, when disturbed, still 
on one occasion the writer w-as moruen- 
tarialy deterred from accomplishing his 
object, by their persistent warlike ma- 

Tills proceeding, however, was of 
short duration, lasting only so long as 


a spirit of hestitaucy was shown on his 

For the benefit of those who are not 
familiar with this bird, I will quote the 
following from "Minot's Land and 
Game Birds of New England": 

About eleven inches long. Crown, 
ashy-blue, usually with a chestnut 
patch of varying size. Head, otherwise 
white, with generally seven large black 
markings, including one on the nape. 
Tail, often surrounded by white; and 
broadly (sub-) tipped with black. 
Primaries, etc., l)lack with imperfect 
white bars. Otherwise::— female, brown 
above, becoming chestnut on the tail, 
nearly everwhere black-barred. Be- 
neath, white; breast (often butfy or 
reddish, and) streaked with black (and 
brown). Male, smaller, and with few 
or no black bars or streaks. Wing 
•coverts, ashy-blue (sometimes spotted 
with black). 

From the above description the ident- 
ity of the bird in haqd must be readily 

The flight of the Sparrow Hawk is 
weak as compared with others: indeed 
it is never long-continued, but rather 
at short intervals, and rarely at a great 
heighth. One raaj'' at favorable times 
observe them gracefully skimming over 
the fields and meadow lands in quest of 
food, which latter consists of small 
quadrupeds, birds and — I am told — in- 
sects. Often they may be seen pounc- 
ing upon their prey with great celerity, 
from the hjfty branches of a tree, or 
other suitable positions. 

Except in rare instances, they select 
for a nesting-place a natural cavity in a 
tree, or an al)andoned excavation of 
some (jf the larger species of wood- 
peckers. Here, sometime.s on a lining 
of coarse niateri;il, often on none except 
that existing already, four or five eggs 
are d<'i)()sited. While the latter can be 
distinguished at a glance, still the var- 
iation of even the eggs of a .set is often 
A-ery marked, l)oth in respect to size, 
and color. 

The extremes of a set of five in mj' 
possession present the following meas- 
urements: 1.44 X 1.13 of an inch, and 
1.35 X 1.09 of an inch. The ground- 
color in these differs from greyish- 
white in some, to a sort of butt' in 
others. One specimen is marked rather 
coarsely with dark brown evenly dis- 
tributed over the surface; another is 
iieavily splashed, and blotched with 
umber on the smaller end, while the 
greater portion of the egg is Aery 
sparsely spotted with a lighter shade; 
still another is finely and thickly dotted 
with cinnamon so as to almost conceal 
the background of dirty-white. 

Although the Sparrow Hawks may, 
in cei'tain respects, be of service to 
mankind, this is more than offset by 
their terrible destruction of the smaller, 
and far more useful birds. It is for this 
latter reason that little protection 
should be accorded them by the true 

Notwithstanding their faults, how- 
ever, one cannot but admire their 
pluck, and almost reckless courage, 
their fondness of home, and their great 
attachment for particular localities, 
although repeatedly disturbed. 

An Observer, 


Annas Humming Eird. 
(Troclnlus unnu.) 

One day in the middle of May [ went 
trout fishing along a little mountain 
stream, but not having very good suc- 
cess, I turned my attention to hunting 
bird nests. 

I had proceeded but a sliort (list.-iiice 
when I heard a buzz close to my head, 
and upon looking up saw a neat little 
nest of the Anna's Hummingbird, which 
contained two eggs. After a hunt of 
about two hours I felt satisfied to return 
home without any trout, but with five 
nice sets of Hummers and several of 
other species. 



All these nests were built on twigs 
either hanging over or very near the 

One nest Avas built in a bush only a 
oouple of feet from the ground. | 

In most eases I was attracted to the 
nest bv the bird eitlier^Hying around or 
to it. 

I have fifteen nests, three of which 
are made (Uitirely of willow down and 
the down from the backs of sycamore 
leaves. Twelve are composed of the 
same; but covered with lichens to make 
the likeness of it and the branch or 
leaves more complete. 

The nests have spider w^ebs around 
them and are fastened to the twigs with 

The average size of sixteen eggs in 
my collection is .51 x .33 and a nest 
measures aliout 1.67 Avide, 1. high and 
.50 deep in the inside. 

It would be quite difficult to find 
their nests if it was not that the Hum- 
mer generally flew around you and 
then to her nest, or attracted your at- 
tention in some other way. 

FuED A. Schneider, 
College Park, California. 

Was it a Cowbird's Nest? 

Having read A. L. Thome's article in 
Nov. OoLOGiST, I will contribute some 
notes which I have on that subject. 
About June 1, 1889, as I was penetrat- 
ing a thicket similar to that mentioned 
l)y Mr. Thorne, I heard the scolding 
voice of the Yellow-breasted Chat a 
short distance ahead. Upon advancing 
slowly and as still as possilile, I saw the 
Chat sitting by the nest and evidently 
much disturbed by something there. 
As I approached nearer I discovered a 
Cowbird sitting near and evidently 
waiting for a chance to laj' an egg. 
Upon going to the nest I found it to 
contain one egg which I left for liuther 
investigation. Upon going a few feet 
furtlicr I found a nest of tiie American 

Redstart containing two eggs and one- 
of the Cowbird's. 

The resemblance between the Cow- 
bird's egg and the egg in the Chat's- 
nest was, striking. The only difference 
being a slight one in the ground color. 
Of course then I was uncertain whether 
the egg in the Chat's nest was an egg of 
the Chat or the CoAvbird. After think- 
ing I resolved to bloAv them both and 
keep for study. Upon bloAving them I 
noticed the yolk of the egg in the Chat's- 
nest Avas much brighter in color than, 
that of the egg in the Redstart's nest.' 
Also that the ground color of one took, 
on a bluish tint Avhen the yolk w^as. 
taken out, Avhile the other kept its pink 
ground color. 

NoAv of course the bird that laid ift 
the Redstart's nest Avas a CoAvbird, and 
as the other egg varied as Davie says- 
eggs of such birds as the Chat, ToAvhee, 
Oven-bird,' etc., Avill from eggs of the 
CoAvbird, I checked an egg of the Chat, 
and since then my experience has- 
proved this to be a- good test. 

NoAv as Mr. Thome's nest in position 
and coustmctiou Avould seem to be a. 
Chat's nest also, is it not probable that- 
a majority of the eggs Avere those of thc' 

I tiiink so, and I also think that a. 
comparison of the yolks Avhen bloAvn. 
Avould have enabled him to pick out the; 
CoAvbird's egg if she had left one. 
Ernest H. Short, 

Cliili, N. Y.. 

And in looking over my Noa-. Oolo- 
GIST I notice Mr. A. L. Thome's uote^ 
of the nests and eggs of the Cowbird. 

I should like to make a suggestion in 
regard to this. As the eggs of the Cow- 
i)ird often so closel.y resemble those of 
the Brown Thrasher, and also as the. 
nest described Avas similar to that o£ 
the Thrasher, might it ntjt have been a. 
nest of this bird? 


Phelps, N. Y,. 


Tragic Death of a Field Sparrow. 

About the middle of May, 1888, 
whilst walking through a cedai' thicket 
looking about for birds' nests, my. at- 
tentir>n was attracted b\' a small nest in 
a dwarf cedar. On closer examination 
it proved to be that of a Field Sparrow 
(Spizclln ptsella) containing three eggs. 
Just as I was about to remove them 1 
noticed a bird, donljtless one of the 
parents, hanging from the edge of the 
nest by a piece of horse hair about 
eight inches long. The bird was stone 
dead and appeared to have beeu so 
several hours. As the hair seemed to 
be part of the lining of the nest prob- 
ably the bird whilst setting had in some 
way entangled its head in it, and in 
its efforts tf) break away been strangled. 
Although I reuuiined for some time in 
the neighborhood the mate did not put 
in an appearance, possil)l.y being 
ignorant of the accident. I regret very 
much that I was not able to dissect the 
dead bird in order to determined its 

J. H. P., Jr.. 
Balto., Md. 

Florida Red Shouldered Hawk. 
( Buteo lineatus AUcni.) 

This i.s the most common hawk in the 
vicinity, being seen on almost anj- 
In'iglit day sailing high up in the sky. 

Its Hight is even and graceful and 
rivals that of the Vultures. 

The nest of this species is a large 
bulky affair composed of sticks large 
and small. It is generally lined with 
leaves, generally green, and moss from 
the same tree in which it is placed. 
Sometim(!s a few feathers from tlie 
breast of the parent are placed in it. 

It is generally placed in tlie hii"ge 
forks of a ])inoak from 'Jo to 50 feet 
from the ground. 

The number of eggs laid ranges from 
2 to 4. Tlie latter being the more 
frequent number. 

The ground color and markings of 
the eggs vary a great deal. On some 
the eggs have a ground color of Avhite 
or creamy white spotted and blotched 
with roufous brown, Avhile in others 
the ground color and markings are so 
confused as to be indistinguishable. 
Some others are nearly white with the 
bi'own spots on them very small. 

They nest in the dense bottom land 
! (ordering the streams. 

The date being fi'om the last of Feb- 
ruary to the last of April. 

I found one set of parti}' incubated 
eggs on March loth, while on Aprii 
15th I found a set of fresh eggs. 

Like all other birds of this family it 
is a bird of prey, and many a poor 
chicken is sacrificed to satisfy his hun 
ger and that of his little ones. They 
are very afi'ectionate parents and keep 
their young plentifully supplied with 
food. They also protect them in tim'- 
of dangei'. 

Knox, Lee Co., Tex. 

An Owl's Tenacity to Life. 

On September 7th. I and two com- 
panions were huuting in the mountains, 
about 8 miles from this city, in some 
thick timber. One of my companions 
had a 22-cal. ritle with him. I saw a 
Great Horned Owl in a big pine tree 
near by. I took the ritle and without 
drawing a bead on it I pulbnl the trig- 
ger. I was awarded hy se(!ing the Owl 
fall. The dog ran to it but the oavI 
stood him off by getting under a few- 
twigs of a fallen tree. When we got 
down to where the Owl was we foun<l 
the bullet had broken its wing. As J 
wanted to mount it, I tried to kill it by 
driving nails into its brain. This plan 
not being able to kill him, my compan- 
ion shot it in tlu^ head and another shot 
in the breast. This not making any 
diffcn'uce we concluded to choke it to 
death. We could have killed it by cut- 
ling its throat but this w(nild have got 
!)loo(l on its plumage so we took a straj) 



and made a slip noose and put it 
around its neck and pulled it as tight as 
Ave could. This was about 9 o'clock a. 
m., and we carried it till 7 p. ni. in the 
same way. On arriving home we took 
off the strap and in aljout 5 minutes it 
jumped up and began to run along the 
ground. We put a small chain and strap 
on one of his legs and put it out whei'e 
the grain was kept. He made himself 
fat on mice for about three weeks, 
when we removed hiiu to the other 
boy's home. He lived till Thanksgiv- 
ing and then died. I skinned him and 
have him mounted. It is a line speci- 
men. According to some accounts this 
owl must have had a dozen lives, more 
or less. I have collected a number of 
eggs in this locality. 

Joel. A. Harrington, 
Butte, Montana. 

Western Horned Owl. 
( Bnbo virginianns tiubarcticus.) 

This large owl is very abundant in 
this vicinity. It nearly resembles Bu- 
bo virginianus in color except that it is 
of a .somewhat lighter shade, and in 
size is about the same. Catowl is the 
term ap])lied to this owl in tliis vicinity 
as is also Chicken Owl, probably the 
latter from its frequent visits to hen 
roosts. A great many are shot by the 
farmer while on the raids and of course 
thrown away. I know of no less than 
twelve shot the past week, but heard of 
it too late to secure or save only a few 
from being thrown away. The Owls 
.seem very domestic (?) here, coming 
and alighting on the loof of my house 
in the (v'liter of the village. On Nov. 
2Sth a large Owl was .seized with one of 
the domestic (?) ideas and suddenly 
dropped on my roof with such force 
and noise tiiat it awoke me, and on go- 
ing out I saw him plainly, walking to 
and fro over the shingles, surveying 
the back yard, proljably with an idea of 
chickens, but just then he spied me 

and flcAV, but not far, for he soon lit on 
terra iirma, by a charge of No. 8 shot 
from my gun. This specimen measured 
26 in. in length and 62 alar spred. 

This Owl breeds as I am told only a 
short distance from this place in a deep 
fir grove, as nests were found there 
last spring. One Feb. 20, 1890, while 
out nesting near Salem, Or., I accident- 
ly found a nest of this bird in a high 
slim iir containing two eggs. Meas- 
ui'emcnts as follows: 2.24 x 1.60 and 
2.20 X 1.80, and of a dirty white color, 
with incubation slightl}' advanced. 
Nest made of coarse sticks and lined 
with green tir twigs about 60 feet from 
the ground. 

A. G. Prill, M. D. 
Sweet Home, Or. 

Albino Eggs. 

I had heard a great deal about Albino 
eggs and so was on the look out for 
them. I pounded every stump and 
climbed every apple-tree that had a 
Woodpecker's hole in it, in hopes of 
finding a set of white eggs of the Blue- 

A friend of mine found a Bluebird's 
nest with two white eggs in it and left 
them in order to get a full set. On return- 
ing the third day he found the nest de- 
stroyed and the eggs broken. I kept 
close watch in those woods but the pair 
did not nest again. 

The next 3"ear I was more successful. 
On the first day of June while working 
near the woods I noticed a pair of Blue- 
birds making a great fuss near an o !d 
stump about three feet high- 1 went 
and looked into a hole in the top of the 
stump and there was a nest with five 
white eggs in it. 

Some writer in speaking of linding a 
get of white eggs, says the female bird 
was very dark blue hardly distinguish- 
able from tlie male. Remembering 
this I caught the ^female on the nest 
and examined her very eh scly; the was 


uo different in any respect onlj' darker 
blue than the female Bluebirds gener- 
ally are. On letting her go I could 
hardly tell her from the male bird. 

Whether this has anything ttv do 
with the coloring of the eggs or not I 
don't know, but I do know that the 
same pair of birds reliuill the nest in 
the same stump, laid four blue eggs 
and raised four blue birds. 

This was the tirst and only set of 
albino eggs I ever found; they were the 
same shape and size of the average 
Bluebirds' eggs only a pure glossy 

R. C. A. 
Wayne Co., Mich. 

An Afternoon with the Birds- 

It is the middle of May when, on a 
bright and pleasant afternoon I call the 
great hound near at hand, and leaving 
the little farmhouse by the roadside, 
raml)le off towards the distant forest. 
All nature is at her brighest to-day. 
The fast ripening wheat as it waves in 
the breeze, the scent of flowers, the dis- 
tant call of birds, the warm, balmy air, 
♦everything is beautiful. 

As I cross the sweet scented meadow 
which lies between mj'self and the 
woods, my dog bounds joyfully ahead 
barking, and chasing the pretty 
meadow-larks which he frightens from 
their nests. I stop to examine and to 
wonder at tlie ingenuity displayed in 
the bird's attempt to conceal its nest 
from the watchful eye of the crow and 
jay. How cunningly are the leaves and drawn and matted over 
that hoUov,- in the ground, and how 
neatly is the interior of the nest lined 
witb the finer grass, to make a soft 
nesting-place for the four spotted eggs 
which are soon to burst forth into life 
and activitj'. 

But the parent bird is impatient to 
come back to her nest, so I wander on, 
<lown liy till- pond with the gentle kine 

standing knee deep in it, stopping onlj- 
to look at the curious nest of the Red- 
winged Blackbird, swung like a ham- 
mock between three tall cat-tails grow- 
ing on the edge of the water; onward I 
go, and at last leaving the great blazing 
sun behind, I enter the cool dark 
woods : 

"the thick roof 
Of green and stirring branches alive 
And musical with Birds that sing and sport 
In wantonness of spirit; while below 
The squirrel, with raised paws and form erect 
Chirps merrily." 

A rabbit springs aAvay from beneath 
my feet and my dog gives chase, his 
loud bark growing fainter and fainter 
as pursuer and pursued disappear in 
the distance. Over head some crows, 
distui'bed by the noise, take tlight, caw- 
ing hoarsely, and flapping their heavy 
wings. Presently quiet is restored; my 
dog I'eturus panting from his unsuccess- 
ful chase, and I gently reprove him for 
disturbing Natui'e in such unseemly 
fashion. He looks into ray face with 
an intelligent gaze, almost human, shin- 
ing out his honest brown eyes, as I talk 
to iiim. then, as I throw myself down 
on a mossy bank by the brook, he lies 
at my feet ready, at a word, to proceed 
on our way. Everything is still; onlj- 
the leases rustle, as the gentle summer 
wind shakes them in the tree tops. 

As I am resting hei'e, there comes, 
borne on the wind, the mournful notes 
of the dove, two long notes, followed 
hy three short ones. How distant it 
.sounds; yet tlie bird is in that thorn 
tree, only a short distance off. But its 
meIan(;holy notes are drowned by the 
harsh cries of two blue jays, who, una- 
ware of the presence of human beings, 
fall to the ground, lighting fiercely. 
They flutter along scattcu-ing the l)right 
blue feathers to the wind, but the 
hound, before I c-an stop him, dashes at 
them, and they fly away. Then another 
sound breaks the stillness, coming from 
a littl(! open place among the trees. It 
is the call of the American Quail:— Bol) 



White! Kob white! Iinituting its call. I 
draw it nearer and nearei- until, catch- 
ing sight of me, it takes flight with a 
sudden whirring of wings. 

High in the air over the tree-tops, 
sail a pair of hawks, dim specks in the 
blue of the sky. I wander on, past the 
deserted sugar-camp, which will not be 
deserted in the spring-time, when the 
sap l)egins to run. The calls of jays, 
thrushes, finches, mingle with the 
iioarser notes of the crow and deeper in 
the forest the tat-tat-tat of the wood- 
pecker is heard. How industrious they 
are pecking away as though their lives 
depended on their efforts; stopping 
only to cock their heads on one side, 
to examine their work, Ijcfore i-ecom- 

There in that thorn l)ush, I hear faint 
chirps; — four little thrushes crying for 
food, and here their parent come, with 
tierce chatterings to drive me away. 
Come on, pretty bird, you shall not be 
iiarmed! I leave them, and cross the 
rippling brook at my feet. Up on the 
hill is an empty log cabin, long fallen 
lo decay. But it still has its living in- 
mates, for as J get nearer, out of the 
window there flies a little brown bird 
seeking food, for the patient wife with- 
in, sitting so lovingly on the six white 
eggs, in tbe mossy nest on the beam. 
It is the Phosbe or Pevvee as we call it, 
Ihat has its home in this deserted old 

But evening is coming on apace, the 
sun sinks down behind the western 
horizon, the birds fly quietly to their 
nests, and my dog looks up in my face, 
impatient to be at home. 

A 1 leave the dusky forest behind, 
from the branches of whose trees arc 
heard the faint chirps of sleepy birds, 
l)ack in the dimness, I hear the loud 
and clear notes of our night l)ird— 
whip-poor-will - whip-poor-will - whip- 
poor-will— (some little noise di.sturbs i 
and it pauses for a moment, oidy to 
take up tlie broken threat! of its soi;g, 

if song it can be called :)-whip-poor-wil!- 
whip-poor-will— over and over again 
for hours. The notes pouring forth, 
one after another, have an inexpressi- 
bly mournful sound, and yet they are 
not unpleasant to the ear. 

But the sun has long been down;, 
only a faint streak of i-ed in the west 
marking its path; lights gleam out from 
the windows of the farmhouse; I hear 
the farmer calling: — Co-boss-co-boss! 
and the answering low of the kine. As 
I pass the pond, the frogs set up a uni- 
versal croaking, almost deafening; the 
bleating of sheep is heard, darkness^ 
settles down on everj- side, Nature is at 

•'Springfield (Ills.) Boy." 

A "Good Enough" Way to Blow Eggs. 

As soon as 1 read Mr. Lock wood's 
article in the Sept. 1889 Oologist, I got 
"on to the racket," as his method of 
blowing eggs promised to cover a great 
difficulty in my case, viz.: That of 
blowing eggs by "human labor." 

We had an old syringe but it was at 
one of the neighbor's houses It was 
raining, Imt I mounted a horse and 
rode over and got the syringe, return- 
ing in haste to practice on a pigeon's 
egg. The syringe was one of those con- 
sisting of a bulb and two rubber tubes, 
one running each way from the bulb. 
At the end of one tube is a spout and 
at the end of the other is a valve to let 
water in and keep it from going: out 
after it is in and the bulb is compi-essed. 

I thought I would not follow Mr. L.'s 
directions to the letter, but would fii-st 
experiment a little. So I removed the 
spout and put in its place one (jf (Lat- 
tin's) white metal blowpipes. I fixed 
t'le i)lowpipe stationary and held the 
e^g with one hand while I worked tee 
bidl) with the other. 

After a little practice I found that 
this syringe was "just the thing" to 
blow eggs with and that I had hit the 



best way of using it the first thing. 
The force of air was so great that if the 
bulb is quickly compressed it will burst 
a hen's egg; while by lightly compress- 
ing it one can blow the smallest egg 
without breaking it, 

The valve works best when the tube 
hangs straight down as it is more apt to 
be in the right position. I used it with 
perfect success during the past season 
and can safely recommend it as an ex- 
cellent method. 

T came almost forgetting to mention 
that the syringe is very good for tilling 
the eggs with water. When I had a lot 
of eggs to blow I would blow them all 
first, then fill them with water and 
after emptying the sj'ringe blow the 
water out again. 

Eggs can be blown through smaller 
holes and in almost 2-3 less time than 
by the old method. Quite large em- 
bryos can also be blown out without 
the aid of a hook. 

Hoping others will try this method 
and report I will close. 

John V. Chone, 
Marathon, Iowa. 

A Strange Occurrence- 

A few days since while talking with 
one of the professors of the public 
.schools here, he told me of a nest of the 
Baltimore Oricjle {Ictertis galbnla), 
which had fallen under his notice. The 
nest was placed in a willow tree a few 
feet from the ground, and was built in 
the usual Avay. The willow ran straight 
up for a few feet, then a large limb 
branched off; another and a smaller 
limb branched off of this one, and it 
was on this limb that the nest was 

During a storm the weight of the nest 
had caused the smaller limb to break 
about midway between the nest and the 
larger limb. This caused the nest to 
hang down sideways and out of shape 
so that the bird could not enter. To 

remedy this the bird had procured a 
piece of string which it had wound 
around the smaller limb at the nest and 
on the side next the break, and in some 
way fastened. The string was then 
carried up over the larger limb and 
down again to the lower one, where it 
was drawn tight and wound around 
and around and fastened. This drew 
the smaller limb up to its old position 
and left the nest so that the bird could 
again enter it. The nest and limb are 
now in the Richmond Ind. museum. 

While out collecting I took a sfet 
with the nest of Wilson's Thrush {Hylo- 
cichla fuscesccns), which had a string 
woven into it, then carried up to a 
limb above it, back again to the nest 
and there fastened. 

Arthur J. Baker, 

Fortville, Ind. 

The Green Heron- 

The Green Heron docs not breed in 
large numbers in this section. I have 
never found over a dozen or fifteen 
nests in one place or over one nest in a 

On May 30, 1890, a friend and I went 
on a collecting trip with the following 

A set of five, slightly incubated, in a 
pine tree; a set of six, fresh, in a chest- 
nut tree; two sets of five, too far ad- 
vanced to take; two single eggs and 
two nests with young in all; in pine 

On June 17th, we went to the same 
place and got seven sets of four; a set 
of five. Some of them came from the 
same nests that 1 took .sets from before, 
and one was in an oak tree. The nests 
were all the way from ten to thirty feet 
from the grountl. The were all in a 
.small grove at the mouth of a small 
harbor, close to Long Lsiaml Sound. 

All the nests I have collected were 
near the water, and one was not over 
fifty feet from the Sound. 

1). W. Raymond, 
Norwalk, Ct. 




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•.• Articles, Items of Interest and Queries 
lor publication should be forwarded as early in 
the month as possible 

Tlie Plain Talk of New York City 
which "speaks for itself" and is pub- 
lished "for boj's and girls" has been 
stealing articles from the Oologist for 
the past few months, and its Natural 
History Editor has Ikhmi having them 
j)ul)iishe<l in full, as original contribu- 
tions for his department, and seems to 
have forgotten that the Oologist is in 
existence, at any rate he gives it no 
credit in the articles thus appropriated. 
We are glad to have our brother pub- 
lishers reprint any of the valuable ar- 
ticles that appear in the Oologist, but 
must insist on due credit being given. 

Were Ave the publisher of a monthly 
"for young peo])le" which we recom- 
mended "to mothers" as "bright, clean 
and [)me" and one of our editois tilled 
the spaci! allotted him for his depart- 
ment by "cril/bing" fiom exchanges 
■withoijt credit, we would elevate Mr. 

Ed. from his position, and if necessary, 
fire his "department" after him. 

Notes and Queries. 
We receive many articles from col- 
lectors on the hal)its and nesting of rare 
species, but it frequentlj^ happens that 
the collector is mistaken in his identit3' 
of the species — thus making the article 

F. D. J., New Castle, Del., writes of 
taking a set of five Red-tailed Hawk 
and one of six Gt. Blue Heron. 

We are indebted to several corres- 
pondents for accounts of their collect- 
ing experiences for '90, but as they are 
mostly with common species we are 
obliged to give the space to articles of 
more general interest and value. 

F. C. Hare, Whitby, Ont.. wants to 
know a good waj' to get rid of the 
P^nglish Sparrow, in winter when there 
are no other birds' around. Shot is too 
expensive. Are there no other means 
to get rid of this little pestV 

An "Egg within an Egg" of our com- 
mon domestic fowls are by no means 
uncommon, as almost every collector 
has either seen or heard (from reliable 
quarters) of them. 

frcsn I 

of three frcsn eggs of the Scarlet Tana- 
ger on Aug. 8th, and thinks the date 
rather late. 

S. J., Leavenworth, Kan. The bird 
which you shot on Nov. 22nd, was the 
Pileated Woodpecker. 

The "Forest and Stream" is ])iiblish- 
ed in New York. We can furnish sam- 
ple copies at lOe or will receive sub- 
scriptions and include the OoLOGlST for 
a year for $4.00. 

The Si)otted Sandpiper usually nests 
earlj- in June. 

H. W. C, Sonoma, Cal., asks: 

"Is tlie Ivory-billed Woodpecker 

found in California? if so, has it been 

known to nest?" 

F. A. S., College Park, Cal. In reply 
to your query as to the matter with the 



"Wolverine Naturalist," wo answer 
with the old saying "the good die 

Mr. C. Tuni-sou, of New York, asks: 
"Could you suggest to mo some local- 
ity in the vicinity of New York City to 
which I could go this coming spring 
that would 1)0 a good place to collect 
e^gs in? especially those eggs of water 
birds that breed inland." 

A peculiar incidence of adoption was 
noticed and spoken about by many of 
our town people last winter. During 
the whole winter a small bird resem- 
bling closely the Yellow-headed Black- 
bird, made it his home with a flock of 
English Sparrows, and most any day 
could be seen with them about the 

Speaking of this peculiar incident 
brings to my mind another. Last 
spring a flock of Sparrows came regu- 
larly to our hen park to feed with the 
chickens. Among their number was a 
bird having exactly the same appear- 
ance of a Si)arro\v, accept being of a 
dark blood red color. Now to what 
species did this individual belong? I 
secured him anh have him in my col- 

Geo. L. Thornton, 
Alma, Mich. 

[Last winter a young male Cowbird 
stopped with its foster parents, the 
Sparrows, in our back yard. — Ed.] 

F. C. v., Topeka, Kans. From col- 
lectors who have "been there" wo learn 
that three eggs usually, if not almost 
always, constitute a full set of the Wil- 
son's Plover. The collector you men- 
tion as taking sets of four we do not 
consider strictlj' reliable, for we have 
known him to continually and porsist- 
antly send out the eggs of Wilson's 
Plover for those of the; Piping after ho 
had been informed of his oi'ror. 

H. B. A., Gilji;on, Neb., writes: 
"While out for a walk this season I 
discovered the nest of an American 
Goldflnoh placed in a crotch of an apple 
tree. In this nest, which was built as 
usual, I found flrst at the bottom an 
egg of the Cowl)ird, over this a heavy 
hning and on this a .set of the GoUl- 
flnch. I allow(!d these to remain. 
Those of the (joldfinch were incubated, 
but that of Cowbird did not, probaljly 

due to unusual amwunt of linin 


N. L. Davis, Brockport, N. Y., says: 
"On September lJ)th, I received a 
^yoodchuck to be mounted. Its fur was 
finer than others of the same species 
and black as jet all over. Can anyone 
give me a reason why it is so black? It 
is quite a curiosity." 

[Taxidermist Kibbe, of Mayville, N. 
Y., had a flue black woodchuck in his 
collection last August, when we had 
the pleasure of inspecting it. — Ed.] 

In writing of frequently hearing of 
"an egg within an egg" of the domestic 
fowl, A. B. F.,Bennings, D. C, says: 

"I once found a cantalope seed im- 
bedded in an egg partly in the white 
and part in the yolk. The fowls had 
been eating over ripe and cracked mel- 
ons, but how it came in such a place 
puzzles me yet." 

B. S. B., Phelps, N. Y., comments as 
follows : 

"In the April Oologist, E. S, G. in 
an article on "Queer nidiflcation," asks 
a (juestion which I have never seen an- 
swered. I therefore olier a possible ex- 
planation. I do not believe there was 
any third party to the Crow's nest, un- 
less he saw two on the nest. Sets of 8 
eggs of the Crow, while not common, 
have been found. I took a set of 8 
from a nest in a piece of woods where 
there were no Crows but the one pair. 
I also know of a nest of 8 young being 
found, where the young were fed by 
but two old birds. In sols of Crows' 
eggs, as in others incubation is lial)le to 
vary very much, so the nest which he 
found may have had but a single female 
parent, especially if the young it con- 
tained had but just hatched." 

"Elanus," Augusta, Ga. Queries as 
follows, who can answer? 

1st. Why is tiie name interpres ap- 
plied to the turnstone, why is it a "go- 

!2nd. I have in my collection a duck 
which puzzles me is a fe- 
male. It is undoubtedly one of {he. Fiil- 
i(jinne. Tlie description is as follows: 
Crown of he:id, chin, a large patch on 
(!ach side of the noi-k :inu the whole 
upper parts, including the fore breast, 
slaty-gray. Rest of iiead, neck and 
under parts, white; lining of wings and 



axiliars, brownish-^ray. Scapulars 
with lighter edgings. No speculum; 
no white on wings. Tail of fifteen 
feathers. Nostrils in basal half of bill. 
Bill l)lue at base, blackening at tip; feet 
livid bluish. Iris brown. Measures, 
L. 17.50, ex. 29.00, w g. 8.50, t 1. 2.75, 
ts. 1.25, B 1. 1.12, undde toe and claw 
2.15. It was killed on the Savannah 
river. Could it l)e a female H. glacialis 
2rd. When will Davie's "Methods in 
the Art of Taxidermy" be issued? 

C. R. B., Little Rock, Iowa. Queries 
as follows: 

1st. The name of a ^ull (V) about 
thirteen or fourteen incTies long, with 
head and neck black, back brown or 
light slate color, upper side of wings 
and tail ditto, ends of wing feathers 
barred with black and white, breast, 
al)domen, siilcs and under side of wings 
and tail Avhite, bill one inch long, 
black, feet webbed. 

2nd. Name of gull (?) Avith black 
head and breast, back and wing dove 
color or drab, under tail piu-e white, 
feet semipalmated, length eight or nine 

Both gulls are common in migrations; 
following the plows after a rain and 
eating the grubs plowed out. 

Talkative Powers of the Crow not Increased 
by Tongue Splitting. 

In reply to the query in the Nov. 
OoLO(JiST, will say, that I do not think 
it makes any ditTerence with the crow, 
except the jniin that it gives, whether 
his tongue is split or not. I have 
raised a great many, and have had two 
at one time and I would split the 
tongue of one and not the other, and I 
found that the one with the tongue 
.split would not articulate any clearer 
than the other. My experience is that 
the male crow will learn to utter a few 
wordii if it is something that he hears 
every daj', for instance the name of 
anyone. My brother had one, he also 
had a dog by the name of Ponto, and 
the crow would say: "Hello! Ponto," 
as plain as I could. The greatest 
trouble I have in keeping crows is, that 
after they have been in captivity about 

one year or less, they have trouble with 
their stomach and cannot keep food 
down and soon die. But after all it is 
not much of a loss. Should you keep 
one a year and give him his freedom he 
will steal you so poor that you will be 
willing he should die. 

A. E. KiBBE, 

Mayville, N. Y. 

Meeting of the A. 0. U. 

The eighth congress of the American 
Ornithologists' Union was held last 
week at Washington, Nov. 18 to 20, in 
the Lecture Hall of the United States 
National Museum. 

The meeting was largely attended, 
and as will be seen from list of papers 
given below, was full of interest. It 
was one of the most successful meet- 
ings held since the founding of the 

The session of Tuesday Avas devoted 
to business and Avas not open to the 
general public. At this meeting were 
read the reports of the secretary, the 
treasurer and the council. Officers 
were elected for the ensuing year, and 
then followed election of new members 
and reports of committees. 

The ofldcers chosen for 1891 Avere: 
D G. Elliot, President; Robert Rid§- 
way and Wm. Brewster, Vice-Presi- 
dents; John H. Sage, Secretary; Wm. 
Dutchcr, Treasurer. Chas. B. Cory, 
H. W. Henshaw, Dr. C. Hart Merriam, 
Dr. L. Stejneger, Dr. J. A. Allen, Dr. 
Elliott Cones, Col. N. S. Goss, Mem- 
bers of the Council. At this election 
there Avere thirtj^-eight members pres- 
ent and voting. 

The sessions held on Wednesday and 
Thursday, Nov. lit and 20, Avere open 
to the pu1)lic, and Avere devoted to the 
reading of scientilic papers. The first 
of these, The American Ornithologists' 
Union — a seven years' retrospect — Avas 
an address liy tlu^ retiring president, 
Mr. J. A. Allen, Avho has occupied this 
chair ever since the founding of the 
Union. This Avas followed by these 

Seed Planting by Birds, by Walter B. 
Barrows. Phalaropes at Swampscott, 
Mass., by Wm. A. Jeflries. The Birds 
of Andros Island, Bahamas, by John I. 
Northrop. Remarks on a fcAV Species 
of Andros Island Birds, collected by 
Dr. Northrop, by J. A. Allen. An Ex- 
perimental Trial of a New Method for 



the Study of Bird Migration, I)}- Harry 
Gordon White. A Study of Bird 
Waves in the Dehiware Valley during 
the Spring Migration of 1890, by Wit- 
nier Stone. Our Present Knowledge of 
the Neotropieal Avifauna, by Frank M. 
Chapman. The Case of Colnjitcs mi- 
ratus and C. cafer, by J. A. Allen. 
Observations upon the Classitieation of 
the United States Aecipiircs—h-AiicxX 
upon a study of their Osteology, by R. 
W. Shufeldt. Some Observations on 
the Breeding of Dcndi-oicn vigorsii at 
Raleigh. N. C, by C. S. Brimley. The 
Trans-Aiii)alaehian Movement of Birds 
from the Interior to the South Atlantii- 
States, Viewed Chietly from the Stand- 
point of Chester County, S. C, by 
Leverett M. Loomis. A Further Re- 
view of the Avian Fauna of Chester 
County, S. ( '., In' Leverett M. Loomis. 
Some P/ird Skeletons from Guadalupe 
Island, l)y Frederic A. Lucas. Tlie 
Present Status of the Ivory-Billed 
Woodpecker, by E. M. Hasbrouck. 
Some Notes Concerning the Evening 
(Irosbeak, by Amos W. Butler. The 
Spring Migration of the Red Phalaro])e 
(Cryinophilits fulicarins), l)y Harry 
Gordon White. On the Tongue of 
Humming Birds, l)y Frederic A. Lucas. 
Insect, Intuition au<l Intelligence, by 
C. F. Amery. The Habits of the Amer- 
ican Golden Plover in Massachusetts, 
i)y (jeo. H. Mackay. Correction to 
Revised Catalogiie of the Birds of 
Kansas, l)y N. S. Goss. Second Occur- 
rence of tile White-Faced Glossy Ibis 
f Flrr/adis qiKirwiind) in Kansas, by N. 
S. Goss. Remarks on the Primary 
Faunal Divisions of North America, by 
C Hart Merriam. 

At the last meeting of the A. O. U. it 
was suggested that especial effort be 
made to secure, for exhibition at the 
meeting of 1890, a quantity of photo- 
graphic material bearing on bird.s. 
The committee appointed to take 
■charge of the matter went into it with 
a good deal of energy and were quite 

One of the interesting and popular 
features of the meeting was an exhibi- 
tion of photographic slides from living 
birds and nests taken by Henry M. 
Spellman, of Cambridge, Mass. These 
slides were thrown on canvas and ex- 
plained by Mr. \Vm. Brewster, of Cam- 
bridge. — Forest & Stream. 


Manner of Preserving Seme Deceased Zcologi- 

cal Specimens from Sells Brothers' 


Lying on the lloor at the rooms of 
Oliver Davie, the taxidermist on North 
High street, yesterday, was seen the 
carcass of a huge ostrich, which died at 
Sellsville Monday from the effects of 
the late cold snap. 

The bird is to be made the subject of 
Mr. Davie's skill, and will be added to 
that gentlemen's large collection of 
specimens. Some idea of the magni- 
tude of such an undertaking, may be 
gained when it is known that the os- 
trich weighs 150 pounds and is over six 
feet tall. The skin will first be care- 
fully rt!moved aud subjected to a curing- 
process, and impressions of the variovis 
portions of the body will then Ijc taken 
in pottei's' clay, to secure perfection in 
form. After being thoi'oughly tanned, 
the skin Avith its coat of feathers will be 
mounted on a framework of wood and 
ircjn, and the body filled out to its nat- 
ural proportions. The entire job re- 
quires the work of two men for the 
greater part of two weeks. 

This is a line specimen of African os- 
trich. It is a male with I)eautiful black 
feathers, worth more than their weight 
in gold when sold as plumes for ladies' 
headgear. The females are gray. The 
bird is four years old and has been at- 
tached to the zoological department of 
the show for two years. Its legs show 
enormous strength, the kick of an os- 
trich being as much to be dreaded as 
that of a mule. On their native des- 
erts, when put on the defensive, th?y 
haV'*' been known to disembowel the 
Arab piu'suer with one effort of the 
enormous claw. 

All animals and birds dying during 
the v.inicr at Sellsville are now turned 
over to Mr. Davie, and some splendid 
specimens are thus secured. 

A tapir that succumbed to the weath- 
er several weeks ago,- was given to Mr. 
Davie and has been a(lded to his stuffed 
menagerie, which includes also two ele- 
phants and a sea lion secured from 
Sells Bros. 

Mr. Davie's collection is one of th 
Jinest in the country, comprising many 
s])ecics of North American birds, like- 
wise those native to foreign countries, 
besides a large number of other mem- 
bers of the animal kingdom, including 
in all over 1500 specimens. 



"Methods ill the Art of Taxidermy" 
will be Mr. Davie's latest work, and a 
^reat part of tlie edition is already sold. 

His '-Nests and Eggs of North Anieri- 
ean Birds" is still fresh from the press. 
The work about to be issued from the 
advanee sheets show it to be very elal)o- 
rate and comprehensive, nit will con- 
tain tifty-four full-page engravings, the 
drawings for which iiave been in course 
of preparation for six years. The tirst 
will be known as the edition de luxe, 
and though very elegant will be sold to 
advance subscribers at the price of live 
doWavs.— Sunday Capital, Columbus. 
Ohio, Dec. 14, 1890. 

From New York City. 

Arctic Owls have been very plentiful 
in this vicinity this winter. Especially 
on Long Island. One taxidermist has 
had over seventy (70)'so far this winter. 

On Sunday the 20th I saw a large 
Bald Eagle on the Sound, in the 
city limits, so I imagine that the snow- 
fall has been quite large in the mount- 

Ducks are more plentiful than for 
several years. 

W. J. S. 

Tile following letter from Dr. Mearns 
is self explanatory and we trust the 
readers of the Oologist will do all in 
their power to assist him in the shai)e 
of the needed specimens. 

It is very rare that so eminent an 
ornithologist as the Dr. calls upon "the 
boys" for assistance, but as they are 
fairly "aching" for a chance of Ihis 
kind, we fear Uncle Sam will be obliged 
to add an extra mail pouch to the Fort 
route in order to deliver the Doctor's 

Deau Mu. Lattin: 

I intend to make 
a critical study of our Sparrow Hawks 
(Falco sparvrniis ct vars) and English 
Snipe {GaUinago ddicata) during the 
c(miing j-ear. It has occurreil to me 
that you could grcatlj' assist me to 
l)orrow the necessary material by in- 
serting a notice in your journal. I will 
be glad to pay the cost of sending 
material for this purpose (all specimens 
of these Ijirds) from any part of North 
America and returning. ' Will return 
the borrowed specimens within six 

months, and give credit to all who 
assist me. 

I have made arrangements to use all 
of the specimens of these birds in all of 
our great museums, and hope that 
private collectors will also send me 
their specimens for use. 

Mr. Ridgway will loan me all of the 
Smithsonian material; and Dr. Allen 
has offered everything in the American 
Museum. Ennii the memliers of the A. 
O. U. I expect a large number of speci- 
mens, as Dr. Allen kindly announced 
my desire at the late meeting, and will 
insert a notice in the Jan. "Auk." 
I remain, 

With sincere regards, 
Edgak a. Meakns, 
Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A., 
Fort Snelling, Minnesota, 
Dec. 5, 1890. 

The modern magazine may be taken 
as embodying the best literature of the 
world, as the magazine editor pays the 
highest price to novelists, scientists, 
statesmen, soldiers and even kings and 
princes, for the best they can furnish in 
the literary line. The well-edited mag- 
azine becomes an educating influence 
in the family circle, whose importance 
cannot be over-estimated. The child- 
ren, as they grow up, are attracted by 
its illustration, and so come in time to 
have a taste for reading. There is al- 
ways something that is new, something 
that is strange, something that is inter- 
esting; and we consider that we are do- 
ing our readers a positive benefit if we 
are instrumental in ijlacing such a pub- 
lication within their reach. The spec- 
ial arrangement which we have made 
with the CosviopolUan presents very 
unusual inducements. That magazine 
is already recognized as one of the 
most interesting publications of the 
day. It is seeking subscribers every- 
^\ here and obtaining them. The pro- 
prietors believe that the Cosnioj)oiUan 
has only to be examined to secure a 
permanent subscriber. That is why we 
are enabled to make, if the otier is ac- 
cepted before January next, the very 
low combination oiler in October Oolo- 

A Word In Season. 
The barking of a pack of hounds may 
be music, but the barking of the human 
family is certainly discord. Stop that 
cough with Humphreys' Specific No 


■'j£j<{(?vl Slectrici'ty/' 

It vill give practical iu'oruiation upou the 
following subjects: Some Exporiinents 
in Electricity- and Matoictisiii. ".liow. to Make 
Electric Batteries, a Galvanonij-ter. an Iruluc- 
tion Coil, an Klcctilc Bell, a Magneto M;viiine. 
a Telfgrai'h Instrunicnt. an Klectric Motor, a 
Dynamo. Electric Gas Lighting and Btill Fit- 
ting. Some practical direi-tions tor amateurs. 
Some infoi'matifiTi in rcg.irrt to Electric Lamps. 
170 Pages. ItX) Illustrations. Just the book for 
umaU-urs. Price, clotii Ixniud. Jl. Send money 
by Registered letter or P. O. nu>uey order. 
Send for catalogue. 

B. F. EVANS, Madison, Wis. 

LocKPORT, New York. 

Remodeled last year, refurnished en- 
tirely with new and elegant Furniture, 
fitted with all Modern Improvements, 
including Electric Lights, Steam Heat., 
Call Bells, Elevator, Etc. 

FREE BUS to all day trains. 

W. C. COMSTOCK. Prop'r. 


In use 30 yi'.irs. Tlic only successful rin:i'dy for 

Nervous Debility, Vita! Wealiness, 

and I'rostration, from over-work or otl'.ev causes. 
$1 per vial, or 5 vials and l:ir(»e vial powder, tor $.i. 
SOLD BY Dr.UGGisTs, or sent po.stviaid on receipt 

Oor. William and John Sts,, N. Y. 


Ion this Pen & Pencil Stamp only >0 W 



We vvil! send you one by 
jmail on receipt of price,;ei-itsi ^A'^f lilted. 

IR.W. FORD, BristoLConn, 

rW'^. C" n r'r.ri . hrinc; mniTc bv .Tnhn R. 
Gc.otl>,i>i,i ru».. .■! .,ni %i..ili !..!■ i;'*. Kcaiicr, 
you pin.v fi<'i i.n:hv as n.tiih. but \vc ciin 
•each y.iuqiili Uiy ui:w In miiii IVom f 5 to 
ifSUu ■::!/ at tin: .iir.ri.iMid moic iis yo;i po 
on. iiuth si'Xis »M npis. In icny i ail cf 
AmeiK-n, tou (Sii ctfiinit-iicr nt liuine, ^iv- 
iii^ sli yuur tinit',(<r 8{ijire iiiunienta oiilv to 
till: work. All U new. finiil |>ay Sl'KK r< r 
cverv w»)rhcr. ^Vc aloit vuu, fumishing 
evciytliintr. KASII.V, .Sl'iCKDILY Icoi-nLMl. 
J'AlillfULAli.S IKKK. Ad.lrcts ot onrc, 
:.l.;.(.;i Jj (.0., MillTLANU, JUl.NK. 


-l,()r,I.ECTOU UK- 

iSird^, N'^amnxal^ and £^^5. 


I make a specialty ot mailing binl.s same day 
as skinned, or sent in tlie tle.sli after subjecting 
them to a preservative i«-eparatloii. Enclose 
stamp for Price List. 

Large v/eli illustrated 48p book 5c. 
827 Erannan St., San Francisco, Cal. 

"Xls* Comer Stono of a I¥aeioa." 

Longfellow . 



Gi J«ii5psi\« of i'sSs-j-ijss S*Iyn!«wi?li.— Forty- 
.igbt views in rhoicPGravnre from i-botogiapht 

J* ^'•■"JS^.*.'', "'?:*■.'* 5^Jy«»«=j«Is.— Etchiriera by 
W . H. W. Bic-Iciiell, in wlilte portfolio. Size, iOxia 

S^f !fir=-liEi ^ r-i.vHjOHth. — SL-iteen Iiidotype 
7:cws, witli ueseriptivo text. Size, Jcxl.'i. Cioth 
covers, gilt, e4.50. Same in handsome seal bind- 
ii:g, S7.50. 

'■Stu:ulis}£ of S*nn<l3s55."by Jav.e G.Austin. 
The story of tho Pilgrims; deeply interesting, his- 
torically accurate; clotli bitidisig. $1.2r.. 

SLsKlv S^iJisa-iMBH at S*Sy»Mou*h,— BvL B 
Hnr.inbrey. The Filgi-im storv told for cli'ildren. 
Finely illustrated; oloih. $1.25. 

S*iyji«oM5li BSotSi B:»a|>ci- ^Teiclats.— 
Models of tlio fanions Eock, two sites: by mail 
."5 and SO c?i:is each. 

«ov. Cai'vtT's CSsair.— Models cf tho Chaij 
brought in the i>.Iayflo\?er, If.i'O, 25 centa. 

I-i!grnii Hall, Kational Motniineiit to tberiiirrii!;?; 
and oi:e hundred other subjects cf historic inreretti 
Extra fino views, 5'.,xSV,, 35 cents each, ?'i.t;0 pel 
dozen. CatalogTJC free. 

J.»Ijniiei»4)!a ASbuniri, 'StX V3tTi-s, 23 ccpts. 

Any of the above bocks will rual.a haiadsom* 
Christmaa and Birthday presents, and will be 
mailed postpaid on receipt of price. 

We have sent samples to tlit; editor of this papei 
Bho will vouch for their excellence. 

A^vnta «vant«-el. 

Pilgrim Ucokstore, Plymouth, Jlass. 



We give the readers of the OOLOGIST our profit on a large stock of Jewelery 
and Novelties, manufactured from Semi-precious Gems. 

During the past few years we have sold hundreds of dollars' worth of the articles listed 
below from our Chautauqua and other stores. We now have a large stock on hand and in order 
to close the lot out so as to import uew stock for the coming season, we offer our patrons the 
privilege of selecting anything they may wish at a profit to ourselves that barely covers the 
expense of handling. 

Thes-e goods are mostly manufactured in Germany from Agates, from Oberstein or South 
America. -Tiger-eye"' from South Africa. Amber from the Baltic, etc. The same goods are sold 
to credulous tourists at stores tn the Lake Superior. Colorada. Black Hills and Rocky Mountain 
Country In general as prepared from specimens found in that immediate locality, and at prices 
mxich gi-eater than our regular retail ones. 

The prices quoted in left-hand column are what we will send you the article described, pre- 

The prices in column at the right are our i-egular prices, at which we are now (Jan. 1st.) 
retailing these identical articles from our Ann Ai'bor Store, and at which we can after Feb. 15th. 
tin your orders. 

"Our prices in left-hand column will hold good xmtil Feb. 15th Only. 

While of many articles we have dozens, others we have only a single one, so it is advisable to 
always name your second choice to be used in case we are out of the artile ordered. 

On orders of $5.00 or over we will allow a discount of 5 per eent. Packages will be sent by 
Registered Mail for 10 cts. additional. 

As the articles offered are in stock at our Ann Arbor Store, our patrons will receive earlier 
returns by addressing their orders there at that place. Faithfully, 


Shoe Hooks . Camelian Agate 9 42 $ 65 

" Black OnjTC •' 43 65 

" " "Tlgereye" " 55 85 

Glove Buttons either "Tigereye" 
Black Onyx, Camelian or Moss Ag- 
ate.. 32 3n 

Agate Match Safes 89 150 

Moss Agate Paper Cutters, 7 to 8 in. 1 35 3 35 

9 in 1 75 3 00 

Camelian Rings 06 10 

Hat Pins, CaraeUan Agate 39 60 

'■Sulphur Diamond" Pyrites Ear 

Drops _ 65 1 00 

Agate Pen Holders 60 100 

"Tlgereye" Pen Holders 65 1 35 

" Pencils 66 1 00 


Agate Plain Bar 35 60 

'Tlgereye" Plain Bar, small 30 50 

" large 40 75 

" Rolled Gold 

Bands 89 1 50 

"Tigereye" Horn shape Rolled Gold 

Bands 89 1 .50 

Agate, horn shape rolled gold bands 72 I 35 

Bar rolled gold bands 73 125 

"Tlgereye." Fancy various designs 
in gold and silver mountings some 
bars and some from :i to 6 small set- 
tings variously arranged 75 150 


Agate ball or faceted head 18 3.5ta'J5 

"Tlgereye" 18 a5 

Agate..'} ball arranged like clover leaf 40 75 

"Tlgereye," an-anged like clover leaf 50 100 

3 balls In row 50 100 

" cars'ed heads etc. on set- 
ting ,50 100 

"Tlgereye" large "eye" setting 45 75 

ball, star mounting 40 75 

" and pearls in •' .50 100 


Agate Qneon Chain 1 50 3 35 

Goldstono " " 1 67 2 .50 

Smoky Topaz" " 2 67 4 00 

Agate Victoria Chain 1 75 3 75 

Goldst«ne " " 2 00 2 00 

Smoky Topaz " " 3 00 5 00 

Rook Crj-stal " " 2 00 3 50 

Hematite " " 2 00 3 .50 

Moss Ag-ate Vest " 2 50 5 00 


Agate faceted ball 40 

'• •• edge cube 40 

" pear 40 

" Shield 25 

" Horse's foot 30 

" Seal 35 

" Cigar or stiletto 35 

" Acorn 40 

" Barrel 40 

" Long triangular piece in swivel 45 

" Tftmbourlne 40 

" Minie ball 40 

••Tigereye" Minie ball.. 47 









Grecian Battle Axe 45 

" Barrel 45 

Shield .'fl 

" Horse's foot 30 

" Pear 45 

" Tambourine 45 

Seal 40 

" Long triangular piece in 

swivel 55 1 

" Compass ,50 

" Faceted ball 40 

Rock Crystal variotisly shaped swiv- 
el mount 45 

Genuine Amber and Coral Beads 

.50 genuine Amber beads graduated 

sizes, strung on string 14'4 in long 

50 genuine Amber beads, graduated 

sizes strung on string larger and 

cleaner beads 18 in, long 1 45 

Genuine Amber Beads gi^aduated 
sizes double string ^3 of way. 100 
beads fastended with amber screw 


Genuine Coral strings of polished 
broken red or precious coral from 
the Mediterranean. 14 in. strings . 
Genuine Coral strings of polished 
broken red or precious coral from 
the Mediterranean, 15 In. strings 

joined with metal clasp 18 35 

Do Do Larger and selected pieces 

15 in. strings 65 125 

Do Do "Seed" Corals polished in 
small roimd heads joined with 
clasp 14 in .'. 55 100 


Paper cutter, letter opener and book 
mark combined moimtings and 

65 1 00 

2 00 3 50 



blade sterling silver, handle a 
polished aligator's tooth 1 33 

Wild bear's tusk polished gold cap 
movmted for back comb can be re- 
mounted for almost any purpose. 
Tusk a monster nearly « in. long . 4 00 

Pearl shell cigar en- cigarette ca.'^e, 
size a X 5 in. each .side composed 
of IT pieces inlaid polished pearl, 
mostly diamond shape, tine leather 
lining 1 ."MJ 

I..adies' pearl shell hand satchel n x 
4V4 in. each side composed of 47 
pieces inlaid polished ijearl mostly 
diamond shaije. sides joined by 
fine russet leather, inside lining 
satin.steel chain and ring attiiched 
forcari-ying 3 35 

Ladies" tortoise side combs with 
pearl shell strip at top per 45 

Callinite "Pipestone" charms 16 

saltcellars 30 

•' •• Napkin rings. 3.5 
•' •• Paper Aveight 
.50c to 1 .50 

Catlinite "Pipestone" specimens 3c to 15 

Red Lea Beau scarf or lace Pins 23 

Bracelets. Sea Beans, Shells and 'Ga- 
tor teeth 18 

Bangle Pins. Sea Beans, Shells and 
"Gator's teeth 18 

Brown-banded Sea Bean watch 
charms, polished plain 15 

Address, FRANK H. 









Do. Do. with the Masonic or Odd 

00 Fellows emblems engraved on side 

or any of the following initials: 

B, D. E. I. M. N. Q. T. U. V. 

Do. Compass set in side 

10 OJ Alligator's tooth, mounted for watch 

c'.ianu with chain and cap 

Imitation Amber ear drops 

Vegetable Ivory Goods. 

Article? and novelties turned from the V 
etable Ivory Nut. 

Specimen Nuts 07 

" one side turned 15 

Needle Cases 23 

Child's Bracelets 18 

Spool holder and cushion with spool 

silk 23 

Thimble cases holding a Vegetable 

Ivoi-^- thimble 22 

Vase-shaped case containing llorn 

Snake 35 

Fancy Tape measure holders with 
cushion top containing silk ribbon 

yard tape 30 

Rattle box and whistle combined 25 

Crosses 12 

Thimbles lO 

Small bone and Ivory charms. Bas- 
kets, Book. Hats. Views etc 10 

Bone Cup and Ball game 15 

LATTIN, Ann Arbor, Mich. 







Electric Bell Complete $3.50 

With Batterj'. Metal Push Button. Wire and 
Tac»ks. Sent by express on receipt of price. 
Send stamp for catalogue of Wire. Batteries. 

Address, B. F. EVANS. 
532 W. Clymer street, - Madison, W^is. 






'i; Mandt's Guillemot, 'i; Pallas's Mun-e. 
From Iceland: LARGE-Bllled Puffin, l-l 
Mexico: ST. DOMINGO Grebe, '„. 1.5. 
1 ; White-fronted Dove, !i. 

Other localities: Loon. Black throated Loon. 
Pacific Loon. Red throated Loon, and many 
other rare and deslra'ole eggs. 

Send 3c stamp for list. 

J. F». liAEiHITT, 


SniiR little fortiineshnve been made at 
wink Cur us, liv Anna I'age, Austin, 
a«, unil Jno. lionn, Toledo, Ohio. 
cut. OllKisnrcdoingaswell. Why 
you? Some earn over *600.«0 a 
»tli. You can do the work and live 
onie, wherever you are. Even he- 
lpers arc oiisily earning from $6 to 
ipl<»adfly. All ages. Wcshow you how 
and start you. Can work in spare tima 
or all tlie time. Big money for work- 
ers. Failure unknown among them. 
NEW and wonderful. Particulars free. 
, Box H HO Pui-tlund, Maine 


Cannot be ready before March 1st. 
Terms ^'i.OO per page. Prices at same rate. To 
the first subscriber after this Ooi.ogist is read, 
I will give a first-class egg of the Am. Flamingo 
with data; first halt i^age egg Brown-headed 
Nuthat<-h; ff)r the first Exchange Notice ex- 
ceeding 2.') words 1 egg Traill's Flycatcher. 
Names inserted free ; Exchange Notices y^ ct, 
per word. First name to be inserted will re- 
ceive 1 egg Lark SpaiTow; 10th page subscriber 
I egg Cassin's Auk; 10 half page egg Iceland 
Hull: 10th Exchange Notice egg White breasted 
Nuthatch. 35tli name to be inserted 1 egg 
Downy Woodpecker. Pai"t page "ad" will re- 
ceive eggs in comparison. Send for all infor- 
mation to Box 135, (send no stamps) 



1 undertake to briefly 
pllipi nt |i. rsoncfeilhir 
I and, write, and who, 
.iction,wiU work industriously, 
rn Tkreo Tliuusand Uollant a 
■•■vertheylive.I will alsofiimish 
i liiih vouean rarn that amount, 
lulns above. F.nitilynnil quieUly 
sire but one worker iVom each distri<t orrounly. I 
have alreuitv tauirlit pnil provided with cniploynieHt a hirpe 
number, « tio are making over fWm a yer reach. It h X KW 
and SOS.IFi). ImII i anicnlars nt KK. /'d.ln >» at once, 
1::. O. A1..L.I^>, ISox i.'^0, Aununtik, Muiiic. 


icachany fairly oil ■. 

d. I dc 







OR ALL FOR 10^' 


Flag Pond. V;i. 


If vou want aiivthinc: in tho RU13BER STAMP 
LINK. \\Tite to' ■■ FORD." for prices. He will 
furnish vou a four-line stamp with pads and 
ink for oiily .'Wf. post-naid. Address. 

R. W. FORO, 




Shells. Corals. Indian Curios. Stamps. Coins 
Geodes. Fossils, etc. Pi-ice-list sent on appli 





6 A. 9 A. 2."? a fonts of Long primer at the low 
price of II. .t() each, post-paid. 

The above fonts are second hand but in good 
condition. Each font contains large and small 
caps and small letters, periods, commas, dashes. 
fractions, figures, brackets, reference marks, 
parenthesis, leaders, etc., a complete font. No 
stamps taken. 

Tillamook, - - Oreg. 


Price 10c each or the entire lot for 5<-3..t() 
Alder. White Pine, White-wood, Black Wal- 
nut. Hickorv. Box-wood. Am. Chestnut. Curly 
Oak. Ash, White Oak. Mt. I aurel. Red Oak. 
Beech, Basswood, Horn-beam, Norway Pine. 
Rock Maple. Iron-wood. White Maple. Rose- 
wood. Black Spruce. BuiT Oak. Peach. 
Curly Chestnut, Gray Oak, Curly Maple. W^hite 
wood. Blk. Birch. Poplar, and Speckled Alder. 
Size 2'-, X 5 X ?4 in., polished on one side, nat- 
ural on other, and neatly labeled. No ;-tamps 

Tillamook, - - .Oreg 


iFomieriy The Osprey Natiu'alist's Directory.) 
This Directoi'y contains about KiOO names in- 
cluding Dealers. Naturalists, but chiefly the 
collector of Birds' eggs in all parts of the II. S. 
and Canada, and over 100 in Great Britain. 
Germany, and Ireland. Every collector should 
have a "copy. Price I.'jc each, fl.tJ.") per doz. 
They can be" (Obtained of the Compiler, Letson 
Balliet. Des Moines, Iowa, or H. STANTON 
SAWYER, Pub, Garland, Maine. 




The best magazine of its class. 


Price, .fLSO a year. Large discounts to 
clubs. Sample copies of previous issues 

S-.unple copies of ciirrent numbers 10c 
eacli rhalf jDrice.) 

T S. Arthur & Son. 



Our new stock of Glass Eyes have at last 
made their appearance and we can till your 
orders by return mall. 



I now offer for sale my collection of bird eggs. 
It consists of 87.") eggs. I also offer several 
other things. Send for list. The eggs are val- 
ued at ^3.00. Lattiu's 'IK) price-list. Send state- 
ment of what you are willing to give. All card> 

Tarboro. - - N.C. 

T?nT? Q \ T 1? Collection of Birds^ Eggs 
_r UJl' loii- Jjlli in sots, consisting of .5.5(1 
American species and 100 British species, nests 
with many, will be sold in single, sets cheap for 
cash. For particulars address 


Chester, Pa. 




Grandest ever published. Names inserted 
free, Ex. '.<c per word. Will contain between 
KKX) and 1.500 names, everything must be in bv 
Feb. 15. '91. For information address 

BOX 12, 





Bird's eggs for sale cheap, many sets never 
before offered for sale. Now is the time to 
make desirable cabinet additions. Send stamp 
for list. 




Every person in the U. S. or abroad to send 
to the Natnrnl History and Art Store, Canis- 
teo, N. Y. for a catalogue of Natural History 
and Art specimens and supj)lies. Birds' eggs. 
Shells, Fossils, Minerals, Curiosities, Butter- 
flys and moths. Corals, Art materials etc. 
Subscripti<ms taken for the leading magazines 
for the Naturalist and Artist, catalogue free. 
A fine new lot of eggs etc. just:received. Send 
for prices of Naturalists' supplies, climbing 
irons, instruments, etc. A fine pair of French 
field glasses $3.a). 



VOL. vm. 

ALBION, N. Y., FEB., 1891. 

No. 2 

Exchanges and Wants. 

Brief special anuoiincements. "Wants," "Ex- 
changes" inserted in this department for 2r>c 
per 2.T words. Notices over ^5 words, charged 
at the rate of one-half cent per word. No 
notice inserted for less than a.">c. Notices 
which are merely indirect methods of soliciting 
c^sh purchasers cannot be admitted to these 
columns under any circumstances. Terms, 
cash with order. 

notice:— For every perfect arrow head 
sent me I will send a recipe for petrifying wood 
L. M. DRESSER, Georgetown Mass. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— First-class eggs in sets 
with data for the same. Send list and get mine, 
address T. D. WITHERSPOON Jr.830 Sixth St. 
Louisville, Ky. 

EXCHANGE.— 113 Yoiith's Companions; for 
best offer of tlrst-class birds' eggs. All letters 
answered. HARRY M. GERRY, South Paris. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— A Maynard Flobert Rifle 
Electric top and Davie's Key to Nests and Eggs ; 
for eggs or Natural History specimens of any 
kind. Enclose stamp for reply. C. F. CARR. 
VX State St.. Madison. Wis. 

WANTED.— Bai-rows Golden-eye eggs and 
printing press to exchange for best offer, n A 
Harper's ferry Musket and Cabinets made to 
order. Have Voii anv Golden-eves? If so write. 
LETSON BALLIET. Des Moines. Iowa. 

EXCHANGE.— ^.'iO stamps, ($.xOO) in interna- 
tional album, (f !.(XJ) and Chicago Air Rifle. (T5c) 
for eggs or Indian Relics, D. SANDERSON. 
11-13, 4th ave., Detroit Mich. 

FOR Eggs in sets with data, pair of climbers, 
eggs in sets and singles. United States and for- 
eign postage stam])s. All letters and postals 
answered. RONALD BATES. Clyde, N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Cocoons of Af/acus CWro- 
pin (the largest American Moth) and species of 
Ci//i/yc-.r ,-l//*f/7Vvo/r/ (largest saw fly); for oth(?r 
cocoons and insects. ELMER D.BALL, Little 
Rock, Iowa. 

NOTICE ! Parties wishing to obtain care- 
fully prepared eggs of this section during the 
coming sea.son. will do well to addi'ess me for 
list, T. GILBERT PEARSON, Archer, Al- 
achua Co., Fla. 

EXCHANGE.— Two vols. Youth's Compan- 
ion. 12tx) postmarks, in albums. 7.t tobacco tags 
and .'MO foreign and U. S. stamps all different; 
for Indian relics and fossils. GEO. A. ROD- 
MAN, Kingston, Wash. Co., R. I. 

WANTED.— Indian and war relics, stamps, 
eggs and coins: in exchange for same and to- 
bacco tags and curiosities of all kinds. Wm. M. 
Randall, Belleville, Mich. 

EXCHANGE.— I have eggs of Hammerhead 
Shark and Cal. birds eggs both first and second- 
class ; for eastern eggs. ED. WALL, Sau Ber- 
nardino, Cal. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Complete sets of eggs of 
the Common Tern, with data; for other egge. 
All letters with enclosed stamp answered. C. 
C. PURDUN, Woods Holl. Mass. 

qFOR every 2.5 varieties of stamps sent me I 
will give 100 mixed stamps ; I have 100 cigarette 
pictures to exchange. FRANK OWENS, 
BrookljTi, Iowa. 

I HAVE northern skins to exchange for eggs 
and skins of other localities, also a 38 Cal. col- 
lecting gun and outfit for sale. GILBERT 
WHITE, a Waverly PI. Grand Rapids, Mich. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— Three foxes (female) 8 
months old. for best offer of birds' eggs in sets. 
received before March 1st., or cash. Also eggs 
in sets with da,ta for same. H. G. BALL, Nia- 
gara, Ont. 

EGGS & SKINS to exchange foi^irds in^ the 
meat from the coast. Buffalo horns {rough)and 
first-class skins of Quail from the west. F. M. 
RICHARDS, Farmington, Me. 

A NICELY mounted grey squirrel for $4.00 
worth of tii-st-class eggs. Ridgway's numbers, 
or ii'3.00 in cash. Address. DOUGLAS CAMP- 
BELL, Coldspring, Putnam Co.. N. Y. 

WANTED.— A pair of climbing irons, will 
give minerals, fossils, shells. Indian relics, 
stamps or sea ciirios for same. I will also ex- 
change any of the above for bird's eggs. GEO. 
H. PEPPER, Tottenville. S. I.. N. Y. 

FOR TRADE.— Right to sell in Maryland and 
Delaware, the "Anierican Rock and Stmnp 
lifter." Dictionary of the Army.Old Suspended 
Pensions. Niles Register. 6 vols: for offers- 
Box ;». Charlestown, Jeff. Co.. W. Va. 

TO EXCHANGE.- Vol. XXVII of the Cen- 
tury, (unbound) Sea and Land and the Animal 
,Kirigdom all in fair condition, for best offer of 
first-class southern or western sets with data. 
FRANK H. SHOEMAKER. Hampton, Frank- 
lin Co., Iowa. 

EXCHANGE.— I have a large supply of well- 
mounted Blue Jays and Back-capped Chicka- 
dees, which I wish to exchange for tirst-class 
eggs in sets. Write first, all corresjiondence 
answered. Address, MOWBRAY A. SEMPLE, 
Poynette, Wis. 




TO EXCHANGE.— Good collection of stamps 
iu Scott's luternational Album for best offer in 
Zoolou'ical books, or taxidemiists' supplies. A. 
P. RICHARDSON. Ta rrytown, N. Y. 

WILL EXCHANGE stamps for back Ooi-C- 
tiiSTS. arrow heads and old coins. "Write what 
vou have and make me an offer. HORACE 
K. BUKER. Rockford. Ills. 

TO EXCHANGE -Polyopticon.Vol.XIV Orni- 
thJlogist and Oologist. two Vols. Youth's Com- 
panion: for first-class single e^gs with data. 
Particulars for stamp. BURT CHADWICK, 
I )69 Euclid Ave.. Cleveland. Ohio. 

WANTED.— To exchange first-class eggs in 
sets and singles, with and without data, and a 
S. B. B. L. s'hot gun : for a set of Taxidermists" 
tools. 1(5 gauge B. L. shot gun. microscope, or a 
^-i-i cal. rifle. WILL C. STAAT. 501 Jerome St.. 
Marshalltown. Iowa. 

WANTED.— Birds' eggs and Indian stone 
relics. I have to exchange for same, five vols. 
St. Nicholas, iron Indian axe. star fish. Ressur- 
rection plants, sixty stamps, and autoharp 
with music and instructions. CHARLES 
TANN Jr.. 140 Sixth Ave.. Lansiugburgh. N. Y. 

WANTED. -A safety bicycle that has only 
been run one season, must be in good condi- 
tion :will give W. worth of first-class birds" 
eggs. Write for particulars. J. P. FEAGLER 
Waterloo. Ind. 

REMOVED.— Bert R. Hager has removed 
from Caicago tn Sterling. Ills., correspondents 
please take notice. Will exchange good bird 
skins of this localitv for others. BERT R. HA- 
GER. 507 E. Third St. Sterling. Ills. 

TO EXCHANGE.— irjO sets of birds' eggs, first 
class with data, r^ varieties valued at over 
$100.00. Wanted a broncho or mustang, not 

pirbicilirif hi backs, also wanted a kodak 
camera, a Spencer repeating shot-gun. a colt 
lightening magazine rifle, or an acme folding 
boat. Persons having any of the above to ex- 

'Thange please seuil description to H. C. CAMP- 
BELL. Laugsiugburgh. N. Y. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— A tine collection of 110 
vai-ieties of birds' eggs in sets with full data, 
many (luite desirarjle. Wanted, any of the fol- 
lowing named articles: 48 in. bicycle, one or 
more good rifles. -^2 cal. Stephen's preferred, B. 
L,. shot gun, high power telescope, field glass or 
microscope. Good exc. given for any of the 
above articles. Those wishing to exchange send for list of my collection with full 
description of the articles thev have to offer. 
All answered. D. B. ROGER.S, Ellis, Ellis Co.. 

FOR EXCHANGE. -I have at my Ann Arbor. 
Mich. Store, mounted birds, all good specimens 
on T perches. American Crossbill. White- 
crowned Sparrow. Wilson's Thrush. Bobolink. 
Crested Flycatcher. Cowbird. White-throated 
Sparrow. Barred Owl. Ruffed tJrouse. Belted 
Kingfisher and Bufflehead. also Chipnumk and 
Curtle: will exchiiuge the entire lot for the best 
lot of eggs oifered mot less than *iu.()0 worth) 
received by Feb. l.")th. FRANK H. LATTIN, 
Ann Arbor. Mich. 

I HAVE for exchange at my Ann Arbor Store 
a few P.ilmetto floor mats from the Bahamas, 
almost non-rtestructable. can be cleaned and 
washed to heart's content and will last for 
years, size from :i t<i :i'. feet wide to .=)'i to fi'^ 
feet long, for a summer or hath room niiit they 
have no eijual: win sell for fl. 00 each. cash, or 
will exchange for desirable eggs or books on 
natural history. FRANK H. LATTIN Ann 
Arbor. Mich. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Book of British Birds and 
of North America for Davie's Nests and Eggs of 
North American Birds, cloth. ARTHUR W. 
BROCKWAY. HadljTue. Conn. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Smith & Wesson 33-cal. 
double action revolver for the best offer of eggs 
in sets. Eggs, single and in sets for same. 
Send lists and i"eceive mine. W. L. MORSE. 
No. 6 Onondaga Co. Savings Bank, Syracuse. 
N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— I have CO or more good 
Indian arrow flints for Pupa or Imago of But- 
terflies or Moths (a bargain). J. KEYWORTH. 
Marissa. St. Clair Co.. Ills. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— I have a number of new 
"Natural History'' looks with (SO pages and 
over .^00 illustrations each. Will exchange 
each copv for $2.00 worth of birds' eggs in sets. 
EvervbodV send list to N. P. BRADT, Knowles- 
\'ille."Orleans Co.. N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Sets with data, for printing. 
Parties desiring to do such, will send sample of 
work, and write to F. S. NYE, dO E. Mifflin St.. 
Madison. Wis. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A revolver worth three 
dollars, and a bull's-eye or dark lantern, for the 
best offer of first-class birds' eggs. Singles or 
sets. Letters answered. CHAS. W. WOR- 
THEN. Hardwick, Vt. 

TO EXCHANGE.— First-class sets with data, 
at ».{ 1890 list. Ridgeway Nos. 2&). 278b. 378. 460. 
.572. !>74. .->7'.t. .580. 690, 732. GORDON SCHANCK. 
Libertyville. Ills. 

WANTED.—-Manton"s Taxidermy Without 
a Teacher." W^ill give in exchange. •■Wood's 
Natural History."" cloth bound. Also I have to 
exchange the book "Ten Boys Who Lived On 
The Road From Long-ago To Now," cloth 
bound, for best offer of sets with data. What 
offers? R. C. KLINE. Standish St., Dorchester. 

OREGON WOODS.— Ten varieties for every 
set of eggs sent me valued at fifty cents or over.- 
Twenty varieties for every set vahted at sev- 
enty-five cents or over. Eggs must be Ist-class 
with full data. CLYDE L. KELLER, 318-320 
Exchange Block, Salem, Oregon. 

Pigeons, wanted, (squeekers or youngsters). 
Will give in exchange good offer of bird.s' eggs 
or will purchase at reasonable prices. Give 
particulars. OTTO J. ZAHN, 427 S. Hope St.. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 

STRANGE Curios. ^Chinese and Japanese. 
(|uicksilver ores, shells, stamps, fossils, read- 
ing matter, star fish ;ind others : for side-blown 
eggs, books, ores, shells, skins or curios. U. L. 
HERTZ. Napa City. Calif. 

HAVE Compound microscope, air rifle. In- 
dian clubs, watch. Eggs. Nos. 7. .3-t. Ic: 12. (i. Ic: 
i:5. 8, 2c: I3a. (i. 20c: 2-3. 2. Ic: «.?. 6c: 123. 10c: 149a. 
12. 6c; 1.t3. 3. 3c: 154. 4c: 7.57. 3c: 197, 5c: 211. 2. 2c: 
214. 2. 5c: 2.'i4. 4c: 2.58. 6. ^c: 261. 6. 2c: 363. 10: 270. 
3. 8c; 278. 2. 3c: 31.'>. 4c: .9?0. 12c: 375. 2. 6c: 378. 7. 
2c: 460. 7. 2c: i-?. 1.5c; and 4f-'0. 2. 8c. Wanted 
breech loading shot gun. bicvcle and travs. 
Sintrles italicized. GEO. H. YOUNGMAN. Mc- 
Yean. 111. 




TO EXCHANGE.— Birds' eggs, skins, miner- 
als, fossils, shells. Indian and war relics, coins, 
medals, tokens, stamps, colonial, continental, 
U. S. and confederate money, state notes, 
l)roken bank bills, curiosities etc. ; for same. 
E. M. HAIGHT, Box 24. Riverside. Calif. 

WILL EXCHANGE.— A tine collection of 
fossils and minerals : for good bicycle, safety 
preferred. All answered. T. S. HILL, Knox- 
ville, Iowa. 

BOYS Useful Pastimes. RoUo's Experiments 
and Museum. Tyndall's Forms of vVater, and 
Bird Preserving, all in good coudition.cost if 4. HO 
or Ohio Palaeontology: for Jorda'n Manual or 
Lattin's climl)ers. J. C. GALLOWAY, Mont^ 
gomery. Ohio. 

few South American birds' eggs, such as Falk- 
land Thrush. Perdlx, etc. (for description of 
latter see Youth's Companion. 1889, No. .51 or 
oi) to exchange for first-class birds' eggs in or- 
iginal sets with complete No. 8 data. No post- 
cards wauted. All acceptable offers answered. 
W. MORGAN MARTIN. St. Louis. Mo. 

I WOULD like to corre.sson'l with persons, 
who have got Indian relics, to sell or exchange, 
from Maine. New Hampshire. Vermont. Rhode 
Island and Connecticut. J. W. JACKSON. 
B3lchertown, Mass. 

WANTED.— The address of a few western or 
soxitheni collectors, wh;) would like to collect 
skins for me this spring, can give good ex- 
change in rare eggs, skins, eyes, or will pay 
cash. Send list of what vou can collect. JAS. 
P. BABiJITT. 10 Hodge's Ave.. Taunton. Mass. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Set of .5 eggs and one of 2 
eggs. No. .Vi and others, flrst-class with full da- 
Oa; for i>ur of climbing irons, strapped, write 
first. CHAS. WISE. York. Ala. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A new model champion 
slngle-baiTel. bi'eech loading shot gun. 12 bore, 
side snap, patent fore end fastenings, pistol 
grip stock, double bolt and rubber butt; for the 
best offer in bird skins or tirst-class typewriter. 
The gun is in perfect order. Gnlls and Sea 
birds preferred. WM. T. SMITH, Wayne. 
Del. Co., Pa. 

TO GIVE Eastern and Southeni collectors a 
chance to procure my lined and unlined trays 
cheap in exchange for eggs, skins, curiosities. 
etc., I have moved here. All trays made to 
order (any size) of strong, pure white card- 
board, cloth comers. Send list of what you 
have. Samples for stamp. E. J. SCHAEFER. 
407 Second St.. New Orleans. La. 

WANTED.— To exchange skins of this locali- 
ty for others. Only flrst-class skins wanted 
and sent. Address. GEORGE P. BUTLER M6 
Jones St., Augusta, Ga. 

NOTICE !— A watch, rifle and a white swan 
stuffed to exchange for first-class birds' eggs 
All letters answered. Address, STANTON R 
CLARK. Mukwonogo, Wis. 

TO EXCHANGE.-A Le^gerdemain cabinet 
and 220 cigarette pictures: for good U S or 
foreign stamps. H. G. LEAVITT. 16 S. Arling- 
ton Ave.. East Orange, N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Black Walnut shot gun 
case, worth f'S.OO. finely finished and lined with 
plush, bniss inoiiutiugs. I. >ck and lioy. places 
for ."iO shells, wads and loading tools; I will ex- 
change for best offer of first-class eggs, with 
data. GEO. W. MORSE. Box 7.31, M obevly. Mo. 

DOUBLE barrel shot gun. "-breech loading 
preferred, repeating riHe.„ Colt. Remington oi 
Smith & Weston revolver: will give c.ish in ex- 
change or eggs in sets, books, h and! many 
other iirticles. or wUl exchT,nge forj c:ish. C. 

TO EXCHANGE.-A legerdemain outfit. Vols. 
VII. IX and X. Golden Days, and St. Nicholas 
for '8.T and '86; for a detective camera with com- 
plete outfit. Write first. FRANK D. JAN- 
VIER, Box 128, New Castle, Del. 

LOOK ! LOOK I ! LOOK '.]'. I have a collec- 
tion of eggs valued at .^l.'S; will exchange for a 
32 cal. S. and W. revolver. Address, ERNEST 
E. LEE. Covington, Ga. 

WANTED— to purchase a good collection of 
bi'-ds' eggs, side-blowTi, in sets or single cash 
paid for same. A. C. RANDALL, P M 
31-3;^ Main St.. St Johnsbury. Vt. 

CAMERA nearly new for $6.00 cash, outfit 
complete. Double barrel breech-loader. $12 00 
good as new. Fishing outfit, jointed pole, 76 ft. 
of line, 20 hool?;s.2 snelled hooks 2 feather-baited 
reel, bait can etc. ^1.. 50: will exchange If desir- 
able. LETSON BALLI ET. Des Moines. Iowa. 

WANTED— to exchange fine job printing for 
a Flobert rifle or for first-class eges. W R 
CONE, Oilman, IlLs. ^^ 

WANTED.— At once, a pair of climbing irons 
will give in exchange a magi'; lantern and 
Hlides. worth $».!J0. L. L. KNOX, Giddings. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Four hundred American 
and foreign post marks, all different; for best 
offer of bird skins, eggs or Indian relics. "J. T. 
FITCHETT, Beaver Dam, Wis. 

WANTED.— A photo outfit, for which I will 
give first-class bird skins and eggs in sets. 
Send desciiption and receive list of skins. Wm. 
BERMAN, 10,"!0 Ingraham St., Los Angeles, 

FOR EXCHANGE.— Fine collection .563 for- 
eign stamps, value J22: will exchange for books 
on Oi-nithology and Oology. GLENN LEV- 
INGS. Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co. N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Bancroft's History of the 
Colonies, new. cloth. .500 pages, 2 vol." in one; 
for Davie's Nests and Eggs. T. A. CLARK, 
Carthage. Indiana. 

EGGS in sets to exchange for same. All let- 
ters au.swered. MILTON C. HOWE, Monson, 

I HAVE Governor. Costume. Hero, Terroi's 
of America,and Shtidow Albums; will exchange 
for bird.s' eggs in sets. CLARENCE and ED- 
GAR PARCHMAN. Okolona. Miss. 

WILL every person in the State of Michigan 
who is interested in Ornithology send me 
their address. ADOLPHK B. OVERT. 
Washington St. West, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

TO EXCH.\N tR.— Live E'cotic co",oins; for 
Americah C ocoons an I pupae. PROF. CARL 
BRA UN. Bangor, Me. 

TO EX(;H ANGE.— I have a few International 
Revenue stamps which I wish to exchange for 
llrst-class eggs in sets. Address, R. A. POM- 
ROY. 20 Summers St., Bang(jr. Me. 




FOR EXCHANGE.— I have 20 varieties of 
lirst-class Eggs to exchange for a good Wat^ei- 
bury WaU-h. or -J-i or :« cal. r';\'olver eitiier 
single or double action. A. B. KOBJ^Kis. 
Weymouth. Medina Co.. Ohio. 

TO EXCHANGE.— I have the follow-ing first- 
class singles: Ridgeways Nos 4. ti6. l>J3. 3iM, 
408. ."StiT and .5T9. No postals. Address. R. W. 
PATTERSON. Box 247.. Parkersburg, \V. Va. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Breech loading shot gun, 
an 4x.T camera complete also some slate off of 
John Brown's fort at Harper's Ferry, W. v a. ; 
for best offer in coins and other curios. 
EUGENE SHUGART, Charlestown, Jeff. Co. 
W. Va. 

TO EXCHANGE.-V0I. II Golden Days, No. 20 
to .52. Magic Lantern with Klides. Hero and shad; 
ow Album and some novels. Yours truly. GUY 
R JONES. 103 Soul h 8th St., Allentown, Penn. 


COLLCTION of several himdred varieties of 
first-class Eggs in sets with full data, for 
sale cheap. Write for list enclosing stamp. N. 
R. CHRISTIE. Rye Patch. Ne vada. 

YOU should use my Oological Labels, for sale 
for a short time at 20c per KX). Order now. 
Samples 2c stamp. O. E. CROOKER, Madison, 





Of 1, 2, 3, or 4 lines with Pads and Ink 


R. \V, FORD, Bristol, Conn. 


At my Ann Arbor store I have the following 
goods which I will sell at the follo^^■iug lo\^ 
rates, fcr cash, if ordered by Feb. 1.5th. 

If you can use them, speak quick, as you can- 
not better or equal these prices in America. 
All goods shipped by freight or express at pur- 
chaser's expense from our Michigan store. 

.tOO Milk Stromba's or small White Conchs, 
good Aquaria or Out-door Ornamental Work. 
40c per Doz., $2.00 per 100. 

50 large pieces Biid Coral, Galaxea cespitosa. 
30c each, J1..W per Doz. 

50 Cameo or Bullmonth Shells, dead. 50c size,. 
15c each, ?1.25 per Doz. 

2 Bbls. W. I. Branch Coral. Madrepora cervicor- 
nis. runs about 2 bushels solid coral to Bbl., 
fS.lX) per Bbl., ?.=i.()0 per \i Bbl., ?3.00 per 14 
Bbl., or Sl.OO per gallon. 

14 Bbl. finelv mixed West Indies Shells. No. 150 
Cat., Jl.OO per gallon; 10 Gal. lots, J7.50. 

300 White Murex, 15 to 25c sizes, $1.00 per Doz.. 
$7..50 per 100. 

15 to 25c Spec, 75c per Doz. 

mported Japanese & Indian Silk Worm 

Eggs for Seed, in Silk Culture. 

Different species, also the celebrated Madras 
Silk Cocoons, warranted to be raised siiceess- 
fuUy in this country. Directions given how to 
raise them profitably. Prices Low. 




Bullinger's Postal and Shippers' Guide. 

Every i)lace in the United States and Canada 
(about"ii5.(K«)i with the railroad station an<i ex- 
press for every place— the cheapest boolt over 
published. You should have the new edition. 

Price, in paper covers. !f2..')0; in cloth covers. 
$;i.(W. delivery to be paid by Iniyer. E. W. 
BULLINGPR. 75 Fulton St.. New York. N. Y. 


Pure I^angslians cucks.also a pure Plymouth 
Rock. Eggs of the finest Langshaus for sale. 
*1.50 per setting. Si'ud for prices. I will offer 
the cocks very low for the next :10 days. HEN- 
RY C. BRIDGERS. Tarboro, N. C. 

300 Spider Shells, 
$5.00 per 100. 

1030 Sun and Moon Shells, (No. 140 Cat..) fpr 
painting, worth 10 to 2oc retail, 7."ic per Doz.. 
$5.00 per 100: 1(H) selected 2d quality Shells at 
40c per Doz., $3.00 per 100. 

1 sonp box full Minerals, mostly Pearl Spar 
and Calcite Xtal Specimens, lot for only $5.00. 

Large Furblo Clams. 75c each. Sfi.OO per Doz.; 
Medium Furblo's, &5c each, $3..50 per Doz. 

300 Sea Fans, 10 to .tOc sizes, assorted, $1.00 per 
Doz., $.5.00 per 100. 

100 Rose Corals, Manecina areolafa, good. 75c 
Doz.. $5.00 per 100; 100 poor, 40c Doz.. 
$3.00 per 100. 

50 large Sea Beavers, 25c each, $2.00 j)er Doz. 

200 Curio Sponges, assorted at from 50c to $S.0O 
per Doz. 

Shell. Mineral or Curio Collections at any price 
from $2.00 to $100.00. 

We also have a large collection of each Rocks, 
Minerals and Butterflies; also a Whale's Ril) 
and Vertebratae; a 2-ft. Chinese Pagoda, 
bronze; a large piece of Tapa Cloth from 

We may close our Ann Arbor store during 
the latter part of Febriiary and would rather 
bring back the c.\SH than ship our goods home: 
hence are ■«-illing to let our patrons have the 
above goods at prices quoted. 

All prices quoted in January Ooi.ogirt for 
Agate and other goods will hold good through 

While all goods will be shipped from Ann 
Arbor, it may be better, in order to reach me 
personally and avoid any possible delay, to 
address me at headquarters. 



N. Y. 



ALBION, N. Y.. FEB., 1891. 

No. 2 

Flycatcher Notes. 

Students of bird life often spend a 
deal of time studying the habits of new, 
or rare, species, thus, sometimes, fail- 
ing to note the greater part of all that 
goes to make the life histories of our 
common birds — most of which is writ- 
ten so plain by the little feathered auto- 
biographers. Many, I am glad to say, 
prefer to cultivate a deeper acquaint- 
ance with our common door-yard and 
wood-land birds. It is this one thing 
which makes the Oologist worth so 
much to many of us, presenting, as it 
does, so many interesting notes on 
species whose identity is so exceedingly 
jreneral. With this little note, by way 
of introduction. I offer the following 
cotes on a few of our common birds. 

The Kingbird or Boe Martin is found 
breeding in this locality in most every 
place where trees of sufficient size are 
found, except, in woods. It shows a 
preference for trees standing alone in 
the center of our fields and along road- 
sides where a sharp out look is kept for 
passing insects, which it generally takes 
on the wing. Twice I have found nests 
in trees standing by a pond and in both 
instances the nest was about 10 ft. from 
the shore and a little over that in heighth 
from the water. In the next tree to 
one of those containing one of the 
above nests was a nest of the Wood 
Pewee containing a full coni})Iement of 
eggs and. in a grove hard l)y I found 
three nests all containing eggs. Runt 
eggs of this species are often found. 
Last summer I passed by a tree in an 
open tield, which, from the noise made 
by a pair of tluvsc liiinls, led me to look 
for a nest; but whfui I found it it was 
empty. As tht; birds diil not leave I 
got up in the tree and made a thorough 
search and was all the more surprisecl 

not to find any young birds. I left the 
tree thinking how nicely the old birds 
had fooled me, when, looking back, I 
saw in one of the large limbs a number 
of Woodpecker holes. Some of the 
cavities had been partialy torn open, 
probably by some boy, and I thought it 
barelj'^ possible that the young might be 
in some of them. I climbed up and 
after rattling on the limb sure enough 
out they flew, — three of them — and in a 
few short flights reached an orchard 
near by. At each stop the old birds 
became very much excited and seemed 
to be nrging|the young to keep moving. 
They arrive here about May 10th, but 
nesting is not generally commenced 
until the latter ])art of the month. I 
have found most all my nests in elm 
trees and never have found an egg of 
the Cowbird in this species' nest. How- 
is this in other localities? Most writers 
speak of the pugnacious disposition of 
this bird but I am led to believe that 
some exaggerate the truth somewhat 
as I have found other species nesting in 
close proximity to them and never 
noticed any lights between them. I 
admit, however, tliat I have often seen 
them act the part of a "bully"; that 
their song, if one may call it one, has 
a sort of challenging ring; and that they 
have a savage look; but who can say 
that this may not be but their way of 
living up to that well known maxim : 
"In time of peace prepare for war?" 

AUhougli dressed in very lilaiti c(dors 
and boasting of no song; yet what lover 
of birds has not listened, on those frosty 
spring mornings, when the grass is 
commencing to green and all Nature is 
awakening, with as mucli longing for 
its tinkling "pe-wee" as for tlie Blue- 
bird's "Bermuda! Bermuda! Bermv\da? ' 
I doubt if any l)ir(l is better known oi- 
j loved,- throughout its breeding range. 



than this one,— the Pewee. Reaching 
us a little after the first of April, they 
soon pair off, and, after inspecting all 
old sheds, bridges, and culverts, they 
finally settle down in earnest to the 
nest-niaking and afterwards to the rais- 
ing of the hungry brood. A second 
nest is sometimes commenceid before 
the young have left the nest. One May 
morning while strolling along the banks 
of a small stream, which runs along 
side of a clay bluflf (about 30 ft. high) 
for quite a distance, I noticed a green 
ball of moss on the perpendicular side 
of the bluff, and, out of curiosity, threw 
a stone at it. I was surprised to see a 
Phoebe leave the spot and climbing to 
the top of the bluff I looked down and 
saw a beautiful nest of this species con- 
taining a full set of eggs. On account 
«)f a number of springs, which trickled 
down from the top, the moss, of which 
the framework of the nest was com- 
l)osed, was always kept green. The 
young reached maturity; yet the danger 
during rains must have been great. A 
pair of Kingfishers, nesting in the same 
bluff, seemed to take great sport in 
scaring the wits out of the sitting bird 
and the young by Hying back and forth 
over the nest, just as near as they 
could, making a great noise; but it 
seemed to me purely in sport. About 
two rods from this nest, in the stream, 
was a stump which had l^een brought 
down by the spring freshet and the 
roots had, become tilled with drift 
material. In this drift, not over eight 
indies from the water, a Phcebe had 
built her uest, and, while glistening 
to the purring, water had brought up 
her brood. 

Arriving about a month after this 
.species and none the less highly esteem- 
ed, by those who do not confuse the 
two species, is the Wood Pewee. 

The songs of the two birds are very 
much the same but the way Wood Pe- 
wee renders his puts him far in ailvancc 
as a musician. And how beautifully 

Wood Pewee can harmonize his song: 
with his surroundings so we ever come' 
to associate it with his ha^ints, and,, 
when wandering through our beautifuH 
groves, listen, unknowingly, for hfe 
sweet cadence. It always gives me a 
thrill of pleasure when I find its nest, 
for to me, when containing its comple- 
ment of eggs, it presents such a beauti- 
ful contrast; and I doubt if I ever shalt 
experience as much joy when 1 find my 
first Ruby-throat's nest, if I ever do, as 
I did when I found my first Wood Pe- 
wee's nest. Two broods are often 
raised in a season as I found on Aug 
30, '89 four nests of this species all con- 
taining eggs. Six nests, lying Ijefore 
me, average two inches in diameter and 
three-fourths of an inch in depth inside. 
One of these nests is lined with wool 
and I have collected two sets lined with 
skeletons of leaves with but. a slight, 
covering of baik fibers over them. The- 
nests are always on a horizontal limb 
and sometimes saddled on a crotch. 
Most of my nests were found in oak 
trees in woods which are high and dry. 
Only twice, have I found nests in but- 
ternut and once in ash trees. Some- 
times the eggs are deposited at quite st. 
little time from each other but 1 never 
noticed, myself, whether they all hatch- 
ed. My friend, Mr. Strong, did watch, 
however, and he found, in one case, 
that one egg was deposited uearl^^ two. 
weeks before the rest; but on careful: 
observation he decided that it nevev 
hatched. Mr. Strong found, also, a. 
most beautiful nest of this species^ 
which was lined with the green seed- 
pods of a weed found growing near by 
and when just completed was very 
striking. It is verj' easy to locate nestSi 
of this bird but not so to find them 
even when you know about which Iree^ 
they ai"e in so much do they look like- 
ilie tree. 

The Least Flycatcher is often seen in 
this locality' but I never have been so 
fortunate as to find its nest with eggs._ 



Messrs. Strong aud Sherin have both 
taken sets here. Mr. Strong taking 
three sets last season. One of the nests 
which he gave nie looks very much, as 
Langiile and Davie both say, like the 
American Redstart's nest. My nest 
measures, inside, 1^ inches in diameter 
and H inches in depth. It is composed 
of vegetable fibers, thistle down, string, 
some silk cord, horse hair, one or two 
long straws, and a little dried grass. 
Mr. Strong found in one or two of the 
nests libers from the milk-weed. The 
eggs are out of proportion compared 
with the size of the nest but would not 
be apt to be confused with those of 
other species when aceorn pannied with 
nest. Most nests are placed about ten 
feet from the grougd and often in the 
young growth of trees along our river 
bottoms; but Mr. Strong has found two 
nests in orchard trees. Tiiey Ineed about 
the lirst of June in this locality; genei-- 
ally a little later. 

Edw' ARu P. Carlton, 
Wauwatosa, Wis. 

Collecting in the Marsh. 

On May 11th, a friend and I started 
up the Mississippi River in a small l)oat 
for Spring Lake to look for water birds' 
eggs. After a hard row of five miles, 
we aiTived at the lake at 11 o'clock a. 
m. We then proceeded to the head of 
the lake and arrived there at noon. 
After eating our dinner we left the 
boat and began to wade among the 
rushes. I had not gone very far before 
I flushed a Sora Rail. I found the nest 
at the foot of a clump of rushes. It 
contained ten eggs. The nest was 
made of last year's reeds and lined with 
a few small pieces of the leaves of the 
surrounding rushes. It was very com- 
pact and did not look large enough to 
iiold all the eggs as some of them were 
piled on top of the others. 

After wading around for some time I 
found a Marsh Hawk's nest containing 

tive young birds and an egg. Some of 
the birds were quite large and showed 
tight. I took the egg which I after- 
ward found to be rotten. B3' this time 
I began to feel a little tired so we got 
into the boat and started back. 

On the way down I found two Flori- 
da Gallilunes' nests with seven eggs in 
each nest. The nests were built in a 
clump of rushes and were composed of 
last year's rushes, and were lined with 
the leaves of the same. The eggs were 
a creamy-butf, thickly spotted with 
dark brown and umber. 

Several Black Ten.s Lcgan Hying 
around xis uttering sharp cries. i 
thought tiiey must have ucsts an(^l 
began to search for them. After 
searching awhile we collected a set of 
three aud a set of two eggs. Also two 
singles. Tiie nests were on decayed 
vegetable matter and sunken muskrat 
houses, aud I found one egg on a 
stump. A few pieces of rushes were 
ou the nests to keep the eggs from roll- 
ing off. Eggs were all fresh. 

We had not paddled very fir when 
my friend found an American Coot's 
nest containing seven eggs. They were 
a creamy-W'hite uniformly spotted with 
dark brown aud black This lake is a 
favoriie breeding place for these birds. 
Where the water is clear it is "black" 
with them. It is quite a sight for the 
collector when they leave the water. 
We found a large number of their nests. 
Some of the birds would not leave the 
nest until we could nearly touch theru 
with a paddle. 

Next we found several nests of the 
Pied-billed Gi'ebe. The usual number 
of eggs in a nest was seven, soujctimes 
only six. Most of the eggs were cover- 
ed w ith green vegetable matter. 

Among other l)irds that abound here 
are the Yellow-headed Bhu-kbird.-. We 
collected quite a number of these eggs. 

A larger numl)er of Ducks breed here, 
but we were not enaliled to find any ou 
that day; altliough I have found Ihem 



I hope this will he of interest to the 
readers of the Oologist an 1 that we 
will see more articles in its L-oUimns on 
water l)irds. 

F. C. Shepherd, 
Hastings, Minn. 

House Finch. 

( Carpodacus frontalis .) 
A common resident of all parts of 
California is the House Finch, or as 
he is more commonly termed Red- 
headed Linnet. I have found this spec- 
ies of FringiUidac very common in 
Southern California where the serenity 
of nature is undisturbed by wintry 
blasts, where frost and storms are un- 

The House Finch is a sweet 
songster; from \xuy suitable perch, a 
tree, chimney, fence, or house-top. The 
merry song of this bird may be heard 
in any month of the year. Spi'ing and 
Summer are to him days of sweetest 
bliss; feeding and singing, singing and 
feeding from morning till night. How 
often does he visit the cherry orchard, 
but does he not pay for the cherries in 
songs? I fear, however, the farmers 
prefer the more sul)stantial, money rea- 
lizing cherries, rather than the pleas- 
ant songs. To-day in mid-winter I 
heard a little fellow on the top of a 
neighboring Ijarn singing with all his 
might. Perhaps the bright sun and 
green fields reminded him of his distant 
summer home which he had just left 
cold, dreary and lifeless. He must have 
been a stranger for his song seemed to 
out-class tlie songs of our liirds which 
have grown somewliat indolent basking 
in tlie ray.s of an ever genial sun. The 
invigorating siglit was conducive to 
such a song ; everything was given 
with a cloudless sky overhead, the gen 

golden oranges. A strawberry patch 
lay close at hand and from this the lit- 
tle rascal had just eraei'ged after having 
a delicious feast, yes, a feast on rich, 
red strawberries in mid-winter. He 
sang as if his little throat would burst, 
his form quivered with the fervor of his 
song — ample renumeration was given 
for the few berries he had taken. At 
last his song ceased, and with a few 
merry chirps he threw himself into the 
air and was soon lost to sight. I will 
wager, however, the strawberry patch 
will receive anotlier visit from this same 
roguish little fellow, but let him come 
with that cheerful song — he is a wel- 
come visitor. 

Although his habitat is confined to 
the temperate parts of Western North 
America. T venture to say that the 
House Finch has as much bird 
knowledge and experience as a,nj cos- 
mopolite in the feathei'ed world. 
Quick yet dignified in actions, pleas- 
ant in appearance, sweet and cheerful 
in song, the House Finch has made 
himself a favorite in the homes of the 

As may be expected, the House Finch 
is not select in its site for a home. After 
match-making is over, any place that 
suits the artless fancy of the bii'ds is 
chosen as the place for their home, then 
both male and female go to work with 
a will collecting roots, bits of paper, 
strings horse hair, in fact anything 
readily obtained. The nest is soon con- 
structed and in it are placed four or 
six bluish-white eggs, dotted with dark 
browiiish black. The eggs are about 
size of those of the Orchaid Oriole, per- 
haps a tiitle smaller. I well remember 
my tiist lind as an oologist was a set of 
this si)ecies. I lemember how I scram- 
bled out on the horizontal limb of an 
oak, swaying to and fro with the bi'eeze 
while a friend coaxed me on with Hat- 

tlest of breezes played carelessly in an 
orange grove below exposing, now and , Bering terms only used by those who 
then through the leaves as they opened stand on the solid eartli. I got tliat 
and closed with the varying winds, rich nest and carried it home ia triumph, 



but alas those eggs are no longei* 
among existing things, they have passed 
into that great oblivion of demolished 
uological specimens from which they 
never will nor never can return. 

Hauky C. Lillie, 
Santa Barl)ara, Cala. 

Bald and Goldeo Eagles in Iowa. 

Bluflftoa is a village about 12 miles 
from Decorah. As its name indicates, 
there are a number of high bluffs near 
the village. Both Golden and Bald 
Eagles had been seen a number of times 
by different parties. At last Chas. 
Jackson made up his mind that there 
were eagles nesting there, he began to 
look and, after a time, he found their 
nest on Silver Creek, about '5 miles 
from Hluffton, l)ut secured no eggs, a^ 
it was then winter. 

He then set a trap and captured first 
a Golden Eagle, (a very large one) 
then, setting it again, he captured a 
Bald Eagle measuring 8 ft. from tip to 

That there are many eagles there is 
no douI)t. A Mr. Neill, the miller, has 
told me that he frequently seen them 
from his mill. 

This gentleman also saw one Golden 
and one Bald Eagle on his \vay home 
from'Bluffton to Deeorah last Friday. 

I shall investigate the matter myself 
in the spring as I am going up there. 


Decorah, la 
A Curious Pair of Swallows- 

A pair of swallows built their nest 
in the higlu'st part of our barn; when 
all the other swallows left I still noticed 
this pair of swallows flying about catch- 
ing flies and feeding their young. Now 
last week, the lOtli of Nov., I missed the 
swallows, and in order to clean thi- 
barn I took a stick and poked the old 
n«'sts down. Now here I found two (2) 
j'oung swallows so T picked them up 

and examined them and noticed tlia 
neither had wings nor legs — there wa 
no signs of either. I pulled the feathers 
away to see, but the skin was just as 
smooth there as on the breast. 

I would like to hear of any of the 
readers if they ever run across a bird 
like these two. 


Los Angeles, Cala. 

Nesting of Spinas pinus in the North-west. 

Although the Pine Siskin is listed in 
most of the northern localities as com- 
mon or perhaps abundant, there has 
been but little said about the nesting 

In this section it begins to carry 
building material alxnit the 15th or 
latter part of April and fresh eggs may 
be found as early as May 1st. 

It generally nests in fir trees, but 
nests have been found in both maple 
and oak trees. They are placed from 
eight to twenty-five feet from the 

A set of three eggs before me was 
taken May 7. 1889. The nest was 
placed on the end of a fir bough, eight 
feet up, and composed of fir twigs and 
grass, and lined with hair. The eggs 
are pale greenish-blue in color, sparing 
ly spotted near, the larger end with red- 
dish-brown and pale lilac, and average 
.68 X .49 in size. 

Three eggs seem to be the standard 
number in a set here, for out of several 
taken, (among which two sets were in- 
cubated) none of them contained over 
three eggs. 

Clype L. Kellek, 
Salem, Oregon. 

Early Nesting of Bubo Virginianus. 

H. E. Hershey, of N«'braska City. 
Ne!)., thinks he is entitled to a medal 
for taking a set of twi» eggs of the Gt. 
llDrned Owl, on Jan ITtii, Ijut as C. B. 
Vandycook reports a set of three on 
.Ian. ioili, "ten days along," we hardly 
think it would be fair to send him (jne. 




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A Correction. 

If the obsefver, who writes from 
(.!onu. iu January number of the OoLO- 
Gisr, had taken a little more pains to 
inform himself, he never would have 
made such a random assertion abont 
the Sparrcnv Hawk as is contained in 
the latter poxtion of his article. It 
«loes not seem to me to be the part of a 
true ornithologist to so condemn any 
bird, without a long series of most care- 
ful and accurate observations. 

In tlie works of nearly every ornitho- 
logical writer, may be found favorable 
mention of the Sparrow Hawk; and the 
report for 1887 of the Ornithologist and 
iMammalogist of the Department of 
Agrieidture furnishes conclusive evi- 
dence of this little falcon's good qualit- 
ies. It is there seen from the table of 

stomach contents, that out of 133 stom- 
achs examined, only 29 contained birds 
of any kind, while 15 of these contain- 
ed also small mammals, insects, or 
larvae. Of the remainder a very large 
proportion contained small quadrupeds 
(principally mice) or insects. 

In light of these facts it is safe so as- 
sume that our friend erred through 
ignorance rather than an intention to 

H. C. Obekholser, 
Wooster, O. 

A Large Set or Series of the Redheaded 

While looking over some back num- 
bers of the OoLOGiST, I saw recorded 
several large sets of the Red-headed 
Woodpecker. I think that I can beat 
all previous finds, if thr following ser- 
ies of eggs, can be considered a set. 

On May 5th, 1890, while collecting 
eggs iu an old orchard, I saw a Red- 
headed Woodpecker Hy out of a hole iu 
an large apple tree. I climbed up to it. 
Instead of cutting the hole open in the 
usual w■a3^ I cut a small aperture a lit- 
tle larger than an egg, near the bottom 
of the nest, and obtained 5 fresh eggs 
by means of a bent wire. I plugged 
the aperture with a piece of wood> 
thinking that the bird might lay again. 

On May 12th, I chanced to pass the 
same tree, and thought I would see if 
any more eggs had been laid. I found 
that it contained 5 more fresh eggs. I 
again visited it on May 17th, and got 4 
eggs. I took 5 more from the same 
nest on May 25th, and 5 more May 31st, 
and 4 more June 4th, 

During a storm, the plug of wood 
was blown out, and it rained in the 
nest and the birds deserted it. Three 
weeks later, to my surprise, I found 
that the bird had built a new nest iu 
the same tree, and it cantained 4 young 
birds. The entire series of 28 eggs, 
being taken in 31 days. 

C. C. Bacox, BvjU, Ky. 



The Barred Owl. 

This woridcrful bird is found through- 
out New England. Its plumage is ex- 
tremely soft and cinei-eous, which com- 
biued with its great breadth of wings, 
makes it remarkable for its soft, rapid 
and noiseless flight. 

The repoi-ts that it pro3S upon fish 
are probably false, but if it does prey 
upon them it is a very rare occurrence, 
and then only when pressed by hunger. 
It is very easily tamed and at once 
becomes a very interesting and amusing 

A Barred Owl that is in my possess- 
ion, I keep in the hay-loft of a barn. 
When I go to feed it, it flies down and 
alights on a beam, close by me, and 
there allows himself to be fed. If a 
stranger comes into the loft however, 
the owl at once spreads out his wings, 
and ruffling his feathers, he snaps his 
bill and winks at the intruder. 

One day a kitten got into the owl's 
domains and there was at onc-e great 
confusion. I heard the noise and went 
to the kitten's i-escue but not befoi-e her 
l)ack was bleeding from the sh^rp 
talons of the owl. Not knowing 
whether my bird was able to supply 
himself with food or not, I did not feed 
him for eight days. On the morning of 
the ninth day, on showing him his 
meat, he grasped it in his talons, and 
then before eating it he disgoiged a 
l)all about the size of silk-worm's 
cocoon. On examining it, I found that 
it was composed entirely of fine hairs 
and the vertebra of a mouse. This 
showed me he was clearing the loft of 
its mice and could take care of him,self 
in case of my absence. 

When the owl is hungry or lonesome, 
he utters a long sad wail, which sounds 
like the cry of au infant. On offering 
him a pigeon he will rutfle his feathers, 
and if it is put close to him he will 
strike at it with his wings. 

Most people believe that the Barred 

Owl, or any owl for that matter, is". 
only able to see in the dark. Probably 
tliis is merely supposition, as my owli 
can see as well in the day time as any 
other bird I have ever seen in captivity .- 
Edward Fuller, 
Norwich, Conn. 

Tellow-breasted Chat. 
(Icteria vircns.) 

This brightly plumaged warbler i.« 
quite plentiful in this locality (Hudson' 
Co., N. J.,) though not often seen om 
account of its retiring habits. 

The color of an adult male is as fol- 
lows: Above, olive-green or olive-gray- 
ish; the throat, chest and breast, ricb- 
gamboge yellow; belly, anal region,, 
and under tail coverts, white; eyelids, 
suploral streak and malar stripe, white; 
lores deep black. It measures in length 
from 7.00 to 8.00 inches, wing 3.05 to. 
3.35, tail 3.30 to 3.60. The coloring im 
the female corresponds to that of the 
male, except being some what duller, 
and the black and wliite markings less, 

The nest is generally placed ini 
clumps of bushes or briars from two to- 
three and one-half feet from the ground. 
A nest found May 30, 1890, containing 
four fresh eggs, which were glossy- 
white, with a pinkish east spotted witlv 
madder-brown and lilac-grey. The 
nest (a typical one) was composed out- 
side of withered leaves, gra])e-vine 
bark and grass; lined with finer grass. 
Three to five eggs represent a clutch of 
this species. The eggs vary in size.from 
.84 to .95 inches length, and .65 lo .10 
inches breadth. 

Icteria virens is an inhabitant of the 
briars, brambles, bushes and such 
shrubbery as grows most luxuriantly ia 
low wet places. Its jjriiicipal food, 
larvae and insects, seldom leading it 
higher than the tops of the underbrush.. 
John Luhuman, 
Jersey City, X. J.. 



Anna's Hummingbird. 

This beautiful little hummingbird is 
quite plentiful in this locality, being 
seen in most every orchard and flower 
garden nearly all the year around. 
The male is of a green color on the 
back and top of head, and thi'oat (when 
held to the sun at a certain position) of 
a glowing red color. The female being 
of a plain color and without the nice 
throat and top of head. 

In Nov. and Dec. these humming- 
birds begin to mate by flying in pairs 
one after the other at a very fast speed 
all through orchards and air, and in as 
early as Feb. they begin to nest till as 
late as July. 

Last season I took one nest in Feb. 
and another in March, both not being 
more than 50 feet apart. I suppose 
they were built by the same pair. 

The nests of this bird can be found 
in willow, sycamore, live oak, orange, 
peach and plum trees; in fact they 
have no special choice. I have found 
one nest placed on a bud of a thistle; 
the nest was built of a material of the 
same color as the bud, thus making it 
very hard to find. 

These birds may be found to nest in 
orchards, on mountains, in swamps, in 
canons, and along streams. 

The nests are built of the di.wn of 
trees or other vegetation, and alwaj's 
has such a color as to look the ol)ject in 
which it is built. 

As this is one of the commonest of 

our liunimingl)irds I take it up Jirst, 

but later on I will let the I'eaders know 

something about others of this locality. 


Los Angeles, Cal. 

Birds North of Their Usual Range. 

Returning here in Junci, from a col- 
lec-liiig trip along the Mexican Hordcr, 
I immediately began to look after the 
birds, hoping to till up a few gaps in 
ray list of skins or eggs. 

While shooting one day on a range of 
high hills about a mile west of this 
place, I took a Wood Thursh. This 
surprised me; as in many years collect- 
ing I had never seen or heard of one 
here before, and the books all agree 
that their northern limit is farther 

A few days later I took two others 
and saw more. They seemed to be 

I also found a nest with one egg, but 
when I went to it again it had been 

Now this place is in the north part of 
Washington Co., N. Y., on the Vermont 
line, and about even with the south end 
of Lake Champlain. 

While on the same hills one day I 
heard the well-known notes of the Yel- 
low-breasted Chat, but did not take the 
bird. A few days later, however, I 
shot a line male in the same locality, 
and have no doubt the pair were breed- 

Subsequent!}', in a dense thicket, and 
thi;fe miles away, I heard another Chat 
singing, and saw a female bird verj' 
distinctly. They seem to have the 
same habits as the Long-tailed Chat 
of which I have taken a great many. 
At times I find them singing and have 
no trouble to shoot them. Again they 
will get into a thicket of vines and 
bushes, and I have watched for them 
two hours, hearing them all the time, 
but going away without getting a shot. 

Now with a vei'y mild winter and 
early spring, did the bii'ds go farther 
north than usual that the^'^ should 
appear where never seen before? 

I have also known of three instan- 
ces where the Orchard Oriole has 
nested in this town. 

F. T. Pembek, 
Granville, N. Y. 

Egg CoUectmg— The Two Classes. 

For convenience in writing this arti- 
cle, I have divided rny sul)ject into two 



classes, viz.: Scientilic collecting, and 
collecting simply for the purpose of 
having a collection. The former should 
be allowed, the latter suppressed, and 
the sooner the better. 

A great deal of complaint is being 
made about the destruction of our 
native birds by killing and by the rob- 
bing of their nests, but this complaint 
is mostly done by those who do not 
stop to make any distinction between 
these two classes of collectors. 

The destruction done in the name of 
science is not one-half so great as the 
wanton destruction done by the boys 
who collect eggs, put them on a string, 
and pride themselves on having the 
greatest number of eggs of the robin or 

One ease comes to my mind while 
writing, of two bojs who, in one day, 
gathered together 64 eggs of the cat- 
bird, and all these were broken by 
tliem, not one being kept to grace the 
cabinet of even a "Great American Egg 

The nests robbed by this class of col- 
lectors are mostly those of the small 
insectivorous birds which nest in our 
gardens and orchards, the collectors 
usually lacking that knowledge of 
birds which enables them to discover 
any nests except those upon Avhicli they 
stumble by mere chance. 

In most states there is a law prohibit- 
ing the robbing of biixls' nests. I think 
that scientific collectors should be pro- 
tected, but the other class should be 
watched closely and punished to the 
extent of the law for each and every 

To the "Egg Hog" the bird's egg is 
nothing, and to him it appears as of no 
more value than an oval stone, while to 
the .scientilic collector it is the most 
wonderful thing in the world. 

It makes my blood boil within ine to 
think of the great number of eggs that 
are taken ea(;h year, without the cause 
of science for the collector to lean on. 

But, after all the complaint that has 
been made against the wanton plunder- 
ing of l)irds' eggs, is there any way of 
putting a stop to it? 

If any of the readers of the Oologist 
have an opinion on this matter, I would 
like to hear from them, either person- 
ally or through the pages of the Oolo- 

"Aix Sponsa," 
Nebraska City. 

A Perfect Collection. 

It has occurred to me to write a short 
sketch of a valuable collection of eggs 
made here in Michigan, and of its 
owner who possesses some peculiar and 
laudable traits as a collector. The 
gentleman referred to is Mr. K. R. 
VVillhelm of this city, Kalamazoo. 
The sketch given here would appear 
like an advertisement for him did I not 
assure your readers that M. W. has 
never sold any eggs or made any ex- 
changes from his collection. 

Mr. Willhelm has been engaged in 
the scientific collecting of eggs for 
eight years and has devoted his spare 
time to this interesting pursuit from 
February to July each season. His 
occupation is such as to demand nearly 
all of his attention during the spring 
months and therefore his time in the 
field is often limited to a very few^ days. 
The devotion exhibited in collecting is 
only surpassed by his superior skill in 
preparation of his eggs, and for con- 
scientious work in saving specimens 
advanced in incubation, it is fair to say 
that he has no superior. To my knowl- 
edge he has removed the contents of 
the larger hawks' eggs when ready to 
hatch, throTigh one hole of three-six- 
teenths inch size. His skill and pro- 
cess of preparing eggs are entirely 
fi-oni his own efforts and stud3' and are 
the outcome of patience and love of a 
perfect collection. 

Mr. Willhelm is an intrepid climber 



and the feats that he performs if re- 
<;oriled would only be believed by 
others of equal powers. Climbing 
smooth-barked sycamores of from six 
to ten feet in circumference are easy 
.performances for him and I have seen 
tiim ascend a tree five feet in diameter. 
Not long since the tackle at the top of 
our city weather-signal polo became 
clogged and a big reward was offered 
to anyone who would ascend the pole 
and arrange the ropes. All the tele- 
graph pole climbers iu the city bluft'ed 
at it, but Willhelm went to the top — 
one hundred and thirty feet — arranged 
the tackle and came down again in six 
minutes. Not less tluvn three thousand 
people witnessed the performance. 

Of coui'se it will be remarked that 
-such a climber would be valuable as a 
<;ollector of hawks' eggs, and it may be 
said that his skill as a climber is a 
direct result of his liking for eggs of 
hawks and owls, and some of his scores 
indicate his success in this line of col- 
lecting. Perhaps his largest score is 
one miKle during the past season, when 
in a three days' float down the St. Jos 
eph river, he collected one hundred and- 
thirteen eggs of the Butcos. On i-ingle 
days he has taken over fifty hawks' 
eggs and I have seen him collect over 
forty Cooper's and Red-shouldered's 
eggs in ten hours. It must not be 
thought tliat hawks' eggs are more 
plentiful here than elsewhere, the point 
of his success lying in his accurate 
knowledge of the habits of the birds, 
covering a large tract of territory in a 
dny and quick climbing. 

Many of his hawks' and owls' eggs 
are blown with so small a hole that 
nothing larger than a No. 10 shot pellet 
will pass in and all are perfection; in 
fact I have never yet seen so perfect a 
collection as his. He has ncjver added 
to his collection by exchange or pur- 
chase, preferring to collect all his sets 


Texas Notea. 

This locality is probably a vei-y I'ich 
ornithological field, but there seems to 
be a scarcity of collectors here. 

Though during the last season, I 
have had very little time to collect 
eggs, I managed to spend the latter 
part of the season in the observation of 
the species here which are mostly new 
to me, I having lived in Kansas for the 
last nine years and just arriving in this 
county at the beginning of the season. 

Among the birds which I noticed firsj 
were the Nonpareils or Painted Bunt- 
ings, the Roadrunners, Loggerhead 
Shrikes and Scissor Tailed-flycatchers, 
all of whom were new to me. The 
Shrikes are unusually voracious and 
will even dash into houses in their 
attempts to kill canary and other cage 
birds. The Loggerhead in striking a 
bird in a cage usually manage to strike 
it squarely on the neck, nearly sever- 
ing the head from the body. One 
raided a cage of my canaries early this 
year, and was only killed after having 
made way with oue^ and seriously 
wounding another. 

The birds which are most common 
here are Turkey Buzzards, Mocking- 
birds, Catbirds, Robins and Field 
Larks, which are here by the thousands 
at the present time. 

While boating on the Brazos, one 
day, I noticed quite a number of 
Herons, Cranes and other long-legged 
birds, but could not get close enough 
to find out definitely of what species 
they wei-e. 

I have also observed several species 
of Hawks and Owls, and a solitary 
White Pelican. 

I would like to hear more from Texas 
collectors through the columns of the 


J. K. Stkeckek, Jr., 
Waco, Tex. 




By F. T. JENCKS, (Formerly Southwiek d- Jenckf!) . 

The figures followins: names are nuniher of eggs in set. All sets have date. 
The "s" means single. To sell the lot rapidly, will give discounts as follows: 

25 per cent offon $1. 33 13 per cent off on $5. 50 per cent off on $50. 

And send jjrepaid. When ordering please send substitute list, unless in case of 
specimens being sold you wish your money refunded. 

American Eared Grebe s ? .20 

Black-tlircKited Loon 2 1..50 

Red-throated Loon 2 .75 

Puffin s .ao 

Pigeon Guillemot s .40 

Murre s .20 

California Murre 1, s .S.5 

Razor-billed Auk s .20 

Skua ,.. s .75 

Parasitic .Taeeer « .60 

Great Black-backed Gull 8-3, s .50 

American Hei'rlug Gull .•..3,8 .15 

RinK-billed Gull 3 .30 

Laughing Gull 3 .20 

Franklins Gull 3 .75 

Caspian Tern 3 .50 

Royal Tera s AO 

Forster's Tern 3, s .15 

Common Tern 3, s .08 

Arctic Teni 3, s .15 

Least Tern 3-2, s .08 

Sooty Tern s .35 

Black Tern s .18 

Black Skimmer 4 .12 

Fulmar s .75 

Manx Shearwater 1 1.00 

Leach's Petrel 1 .15 

Cormorant 4 .50 

Double-crested Cormorant s 35 

Brandt's Connorant 3 50 

Baird's Cormorant 4 50 

BrowTi Pelican s 25 

Red-breasted Merganser 5 30 

Mallard 10 80 

Baldpate s 75 

Blue-winged Teal s 25 

Shoveller 3-10 40 

Redhead 8 25 

White-faced Glossy Ibis s 125 

Least Bittprn .5, s 20 

Sn<nvy Ili-ron 2, s 15 

Loui.siana Heron 3-4, s 10 

Green Heron 4 10 

Yellow-crowned Night Heron s 25 

Virginia Rail 6 20 

Sora 5-9-11, s 08 

Purple Gallinule 4, s 25 

Florida Gallinule 4-5-6, s 10 

American Coot 9, s 08 

Bartramian Sandpiper s 40 

Spotted Sandpiper 4 15 

Wilson's Plover 3, s 85 

American Oyster-catcher 8-3, s fiO 

Bob-white 16 10 

Ruffed Grf)U8e s 15 

Prairie Hen 7, .15 

Sage s 5() 

Ground Dove .n 2 25 

Black Vulture 2. s 75 

Cooper's Hawk .3 30 

Red-tailed Hawk 2 60 

Red-.shouldered Hawk 2 50 

Swainson's Hawk 2 75 

j Broad-winged Hawk s 135 

I American Osprey 3, s 50 

I American Barn Owl 6 30 

' American Long-eared Owl s 35 

j Screech Owl 5 40 

Burrowing Owl 8 25 

! DowTiy Woodpecker 4 20 

j Baii'd's Woodpecker 3 1 00 

Wood Pewee 3 15 

Acadian Flycatcher 3 80 

Traill's Flycatcher 4 20 

Least Flycatcher 4 10 

American Magpie 5 25 

California Jay s 25 

Fish Crow 4 25 

Tri-colored Blackbird n 5 80 

Boat-tailed Grackle 3. s 10 

Purple Finch 4-5, s 15 

Arkansas Goldfinch 4 20 

Lawrence's Goldfinch 4, s 35 

Chestnut-collared Longspur .3-4-.5, s 60 

Yellow-winged Sparrow 4-5, s 80 

Sharp-tailed Sparrow s 35 

Seaside Sparrow s 25 

Lark Sparrow 3-4-.5. s 05 

White-Throated Sparrow 4. s .35 

Slate-colored Junco 4, s 20 

Gray-headed Junco 4 1 00 

'Swamp Sparrow 4 15 

I Towhee 3-4, s 10 

Canon Towhee 3 75 

Rose-breasted Grosbeak 3-4 15 

Lark Bunting 3 .W 

Scarlet Tanager 3, s 25 

.Summer Tanager 4. s 20 

Tree Swallow 4. s 15 

Cedar Waxwing 3-4-5 10 

White-rumped Shrike 4-5-7. s 08 

Hlne-headed Vireo 3-4 60 

White-eyed Vlreo 3^. s 20 

Bell's Vireo 3-4 15 

Yellow-breasted Chat 4 10 

Ajnerican Dipper 8 100 

Sage Thrasher s 75 

(."arolina Wren 5 15 

Tufted Titmouse s 75 

Bush-Tit 8-5 15 

Olive-backed Thrush n 4 40 

Hermit Thrush 4 40 

Western Bluebird , s 15 

Mountain Bluebird n 4 15 

Have also a lot of Native and Foreign Skins. A line lot of Mounted Birds 
and some books including a set of Nuttall Bulletins, ])ai'lieulars of which will be 
sent ui)on aj)plication. 

FRED T. JENCKS, Drownville, R. I. 




In botany and ornithology? Then send for a 

sample copy of 


and vou will be happy. This is an 8-page 
monthly, full of interesting matter, by the fore- 
most ^Titers, and it costs but ^c a year. Send 
at once to JOSEPH E. BLAIN, Publisher, 
Binghamton. N. Y. 


Our uneqiialed approval sheets of fine stamps 
for '91 now ready, at -10 per cent, commission, 
send for them. We also have ready -10 centeu- 
ial packets containing .tOO well-mixed foreign 
stamps. 100 varieties of foreign stamps. 25 var- 
ieties of U. S. stamps, price only S.'jc. Try our 
perfect stamp hinge (die cut) price 15c per 1000. 
Address all orders to 


I^ock BoxTTO. Natick. Mass. 


Grandest ever piiblished will contain lOvX) to 
2000 names. Names inserted in any column 
free. Terras: Page $3.00. part of page same 
rate: ex. 'ic per word. Notice my ad. in Jan. 
OOLOGIST. send everything in by Feb. 2.5 to in- 
sure insertion. Price of directory 10c until 
published. Mar. 1st when the price will be ad- 
vanced to 1.5c. Send in your order now. No 
stamps taken. For full information address. 





I am prepared to furnish FIRST-CLASS 
skins of the sea l)irds of Maine, with data. 
Flesh specimens furnished, send list of what 
you want. Rates low, by cash, discount (jn 
series. Address ARTHUR H. NORTON, 
2mf Saccarappa, Maine. 


All subscribe for the "Youths Journal," 3 mo. 
for JOc ; devoted to Mineralogy, Stamps and 
general Natural History School news and news 
that every boy wants, also REMEMBER 3 mo. 
for 10c. 

A. M. SHAW, Pub. Jackson. Mich. 


A/ the (lid of HO day.< thin ojj'er tviil be icithdrwn. 

1 Fossil $ .10 

1 Mineral lo 

1 Wood. 2x2. polished 10 

1 Scale from I(X) yr. terapin 10 

The whole lot for 30c. 

Send *1.( HI and get 12 fossils, all different. 12 
species jiolished wood, all different, small fossil 
list fui- stani]i. Yours faithfully. R. A. 
BROWNE. Box tVl, Mt. Cannel, Ky. 

Rare California Yiew^. 

Enclose stamp for catalogiie. Sample of 
views will be sent upon receipt of 25 cents. 

California Art Gallery, Santa Rosa, Cal. 

Our Birds In Their Haunts. 



BY REV. J. H. I..\NGIIXE. M. A. 

Brief descriptions, and for the most part 
FULL LIFE HISTORIES are given of all the 
species common east of the Mississippi, with 
special attenticm to the songs and nesting, and 
the curious and fascinating, of which there is 
so much in the lives of these wonderful crea- 
tures. The narrative follows, for the most 
part, the order of the seasons, and groups itself 
about certain interesting localities, as Niagara 
River and St. Clair Flats. Migration, instinct, 
the analogy of nirtiflcation, the specialized 
forms and adaptations of striicture in birdSj 
etc., all made readable. 

The work is mostly from personal observa- 
tion, incorporating a full report for Western 
New York and the adjoining regions of the 
great lakes, and a pretty fiiU report for Nova 
Scotia, also a good' deal of direct information 
from Hudson's Bay, by means of an excellent 

HX) cut down. 634 p.iges on line tinted paper. 

25 illustrations, halidsomely bound in cloth 
PRICE $3.00. 


To every purchaser of Langille's Work dur- 
ing the month of February, '91. who send an ad- 
ditional 30 cts. to pay the postage. I will make a 
present of a paper ($1.25 style) copy of the lat- 
est edition of Davie's "Key to the Nests and 
Eggs of N. A. Birds." 
Address all orders to 

ALBION, - - - N. Y. 




Duplicates can be returned. 


Catalogue for stamp. 




AS follows: 

MEXICO — White-winged and White-fronted 

Dove. Chachalaca. Curved-billed Thrasher. 
OTHER LOCALITIES — Western, Holboelss, 
Horned. Am. Eared. St. Domingo, and Pied- 
billed Grebe. Northern Divers. Black-throat- 
ed. Pacilic and Red-throated Loon. Com- 
mon, Horned and Large-billed Puffliu. Com- 
m<m. Calif.. Brunnich's, Pallas' Murre, 
either single eggs or in complete sets with 
. full data. 

Send 2c stamp for catalogue of eggs. A pre- 
mium goes with every order of $5.00 or over. 


Dealer in all articles required by Taxidermists, Or- 
nithologists, Oologists, Stuffed birds, Birds' Skins, 
or Eggs, 



Student or Birds, 






A. M. EDDY. 



Adventure, A Collecting a 8 

Albinos 14, 27, 108, 163, 181, !J56 

Alligator Eggs, After 80(5 

Alligator, Our 113 

Ardea herodias. Notes on 3"^ 

Audubon, Ornithological Club 10,08, 163 

'•Auk" T3 

Bai'befl-wire Fence, Robin Caught by 163 

Belligerent Neighbors 110 

Bicycling, Ornithology and 9 

Bird Funeral ...70 

Bird Lime 90 

Bird Protection 87, 114 

Bird Skins. Price List of ' 31 

"Bird Ways" 160 

Birds. A Shower of 109 

Birds, Changes in the Habitsof ...69 

Birds in New York City.* 140 

••Bii-ds in the Bush" 187 

Birds of Mackinac Island 48 

Birds of North America, a Complete List 31 

Birds Mate More than Once. Do 83 

"Birds Through an Opera Glass" 117, 157 

Birds V/atering Their Young fX), 164 

Bittern. American 45 

Bittern. Le.ast 45 

Blackbird. Albino 76. 108 

Blackbird. Brewer's 

Blackbird Problem 56 

Blackbird. Red-and-white-shouldered 13 

Blackbird. Rod-winged .46 

Blackbird. Rusty 347 

Blackbird. Tri-color IIH 

Blackbird. Yellow-headed i 

Blackbird. White-winged 71 

Blackbirds by the Millioa ...... ....;;.: 27 

Bluebird I*>7. 110. 115. 161.165.318 

Bobolink -46, 166 

Bobolink. Western 3!)0 

Bob-white '■>. 3.50 

Bob-white , Texrin .i? 

Box. A Cheap Collecting 1 1S 

Bunting. Black-throated 1 '''■'>. 306 

Bunting. Indigo..' 69.72 

Bunting. I^ark .........'..:...■. 71, 143 

Bunting. Nest and Eggs Of the LiM'k, Il- 
lustrated ;....: 199 

Bunting. Painted 143 

Buzzard. Turkey " 

California. Half Days Egging in 78 

Camera. Use of in the Field 17.5, 181, 195 

Camp of the Worcester Natural History 

Society 115. 119 

Oairrirnalyidai in Arkansas 1.55 

Catbird 4f, 2.50 

Chat. Yellow-'breasted CS, 319 

Cherry Bird 143 

Chjwink 163, 182 

Chckadee, Carolina 13, 182 

Chickadee. Hndsonian IS'i 

Chickadee. Plumbeou.=i 319 

Cllickadce. Long-tailed , 143 

"Chippy" 113 

Chuck-wiirs-widow 142, 155, 3.53 

Coale's Collection 11 

Co-habitation, Strange 158, 159,330 

Collecting Experience 3.5, 114 

Consumption. Do Birds Die with 91, 184 

Confopus borealis. Nesting of 333 

Contributions 89, 163 

Conti'ivance, A Simple 15 

Coot. American 8, 45,70 

Cormorant. Pailas's 146 

Cotton for Egg Traj's 90 

Coues' "Key to North American Birds" 148- 

County Lists F9 

Cowbird 46. 54, 112, 141 

Cowbird. Dwarf 143 

Cowbird i?). Nest and Eggs of 222 

Cowbird, Sitting on Eggs 74 

Cowbird, Young— Illustrated 195 

Crane. Blue 33,77 

Ci-ane, Sandhill V> 

Crana, Large Numbers of Sandhill 51 

"Crauk-Crank" '8' 

Creeper. Brown 16*' 

Crossbill. American 137. 3.10 

Crossbill. Red 1-^ 

Crossbill. White-winged 2.5, 73 

Crow, American 1(1. 76, t<9. 93, 1 13 

Crow, Pish 25, 83 

Crow, Splitting Tongue 355 

Cuckoo, Black-billed 4""'. 318. 1 15 

Cuckoo, Yellow-billed :'-6. 139. 165 

Curlew. Long-bill'Hl ^'' 






Dickcissel 46, 143 

Dove, Ground 13, 13 

Dove, Mouming 4o. 220 

Duck, Black •_• ^^ 

Duck, Nest and Eggs of Redhead— lUus- 

txated 196 

Duck, Wood 13. 13 

Eagle, A Ferocious 16 

Eagle, Bald 8 

Eagles. Caged 65 

Early AiTivals 68. 91 

Editor. Associate 71. 2M 

Editorials 71, 115, 141. 180.226 

Egg within Two Eggs 223 

Eggs. Abnormal 1-11 

Eggs, Albino 1 46. 1S> 

Eggs with Double Shell 181- 2.53 

Eggs, Value of Stained 166 

Fairies In a Fairy-land 215 

Falcon, Winter 165 

Feathered Bandit 180 

Finch, Grass 112 

Finch, House 28, 72. 143 

Finch, Lark 14 

Finch, Purple 144 

Flathead Field, The .801 

Flicker 46, 73, 94, 145 

Flicker, Moving its Household Effects 147 

Florida, A Day in the Woods of 47 

Florida, Notes on 7, 25, 2.53 

Flycatcher. Great Crested 13, 90, 107, 142, 147 

Flycatcher, Least 16. 46 

Flycatcher, Olive-sided 223 

Gallinule, Florida 69 

Glass for Looking iu Nests 15. 114 

Gnat-catcher, Blue-gray 30. 203, •. 19 

Goat-sucker l.">5 

Goldfinch, American 46, 143. 165, 181. 182 

Goose. Canada 45 

Gopher 72 

Goshawk, American 25, 90 

Grackle, Albino 50 

Grackle, Boat-tailed 26 

Grackle, Bronzed 46 

Grackle, Florida 2.53 

Grebe, American Eared 183 

(Jrebe, Crested 137 

Grebe, Pied-billed 45 

Grebe, Western 183 

Grosbeak, Blue 11, 219 

Grosbeak. Cardinal 12. 84, 91, 114, 2.51 

Grosbeak, Evening,24, 30, .52, 66, 74, 86, 114 162, 251 

Grosbeak, Habits of Evening 85 

Grosbeak, Pine 25 

Grosbeak, Rose-breasted 69, 93, 114, 1.59, 2.50 

Grouse. Ruffed 91 . 165 

Gull, American Herring j9 

Gulls on Isle Royale 49 

Habia Itnloriciana, Variations In Eggs of.. .1.59 
Hawk, Broad- winged 108, 114, 144 

Hawk. Bullet HI 

Hawk, Cooper's 73, 87, 90, 108 

Hawk, Florida Red-shouldered 13, 114 

Hawk, Hen £0 

Hawk, Marsh 46, 146, 178 

Hawk, Nest and Eggs of Marsh— Illus- 
trated 197 

Hawk, Red-shouldered 1 14, 145 

Hawk, Red-tail 91, 108, 113 

Hawk. Rough-legged 250 

Hawk. Shai-p-shinned 181 

Hawk, Sparrow 12. 13, 2.5, 84 

Hawk, Western Red-tail 164 

Hawk's Eggs. A Day After 108 

Heron. Great B lue 227 

Heron, Nesting of the Green 139 

High-holder 94 

Homed Lark Ill 

Horned Lark, Prairie .... 24, 46, 104, 164, 181, 206 

Hummingbird, Black-chinned 70 

Hummingbird, Costa's 53 

Hummingbird. Ruby-throated . . . 182. £04, 215 251 
Hummingbirds Feed by Regurgitation 165 

"Identity." On Datas 90 

Iclifhy-O-rnithological 139 

Indian. Hen 139 

Insects, Killing 165 

Instruments, A Case for 252 

Iowa Notes 13 

Iowa, Summer Residents of Buena Vista Co.. 45 

Jay, Blue 12,29,46 

Jay, A Cimning BWe 84 

Jay, Florida 7 

Jay. Florida Blue 13 

Jordan's Manual of the Vertebrates of the 

Northern United States 93 

Jottings 5.3, 71, 89 

Junco 108 

Junco, Slate-colored 112, 178, 182, 221 

Killdeer 12,45, 113 

Kingbird 46 

Kingbird, Arkansas 220 

Kingfl.sher, Belted 14, 68, 111, 166 

Kinglet, Ruby-crowned 54 

Larks, Meadow 46, 84 

Law Relating to Birds and Eggs 90,91 

Leech, An Ornithological •. 221,235 

Linnet 73 

Linnet, Red-headed 143 

Longspur, Lapland 24 

Lost Opportimities 183 

Magpie, Yellow-billed 219 

Maine Woods, In the..... 281 

Mallard 45, 73, 161 

Marsh Hen 139 

Martin. Purple 46 

MajTiard's "Eggs of North American 

Birds" 28 

"Mexican Canary'' 143 



Michigan Notes 11 

Michigan, Birds of Mackinac Island 48 

Minnesota Notes 161, a06 

Minnesota. Winter Birds of Hennepin Co 'M 

Mistakes I.HO 

Mockingbird 13, 25, 92, 113 

Mockingbird. Swamp 113 

'Modem Science and Modem Thought" 118 

Montana Notes 301 

Monthly Mixture 1 1,3 

Mount Hamilton, A Walk to 219 

Mount Whitney, Trip to 115 

Mud Hen 16.t 

Nehrlings. "North American Birds" 1S7 

Nesting. Early 51 , ."iS, 72, lfi3 

Nesting. T>ate 256 

Nests, Taking of Birds' .5fi 

Nests, Study of 195 

Nidiflcation, Queer 76 

Nighthawk 13, 46, 73, 1.55 

Nighthawk, Florida 25, 2.53 

Nonpariel 143 

"Nothing at All," A Poem 2.54 

Nuthatch. Brown-headed 12. 13. 33 

Nuthatch. Breeding Habits of the Brown- 
headed 33 

Nuthatch, White-breasted 72. Ill, 1.57, 182 

Ohio, Notes from 2.50 

Ontario. Winter Notes from St. Thomas 73 

Ooi.OGiST, A Kind Word for the 251 

OoLOGiST. Epitome of Young Oologist.. .230 

OOLOGiST, Principal Articles in the 234 

Oriole, Baltimore S3 

Oriole, Orchard 46. .56. I&l. 166, 197 

Omithological Club, Audubon 68 

Omithologj' and Bicycling 9 

Ornithological. Hardly 76 

Ornithologists at Indianapolis 89, 3<)5 

Owl, Acadian Screech or Saw-whet.. 105. 141,177 

Owl. American Bam 202, 21S 

Owl. American Loug-eared 203 

Owl, Barred 73 

Owl, Burrowing 203, 205 

Owl, California Screech 303 

Owl, Elf 105 

Owl. Florida Screech 13. 3r>,3 

Owl, Great Gray 93 

Owl, Early Nesting of the Great Homed 51 

Owl, Great Homed 73, 91, 11.3. 144. 218. 230 

Owl in Captivity. Habits of Screech 51 

Owl, Screech 71. 73 

Owl. Short-eared 16 

Owl, Snowy '3.5. 26. 73. '33*) 

Owl. Texan Screech 318 

Owls, San Bemardiur) Valley 203 

Owls That Breed in Delaware 112 

Ouzel. Water .56 

Ovenbird 1 12. I.S3 

Oyster-catcher. Notes on Nesting Habits 

of American 1(X3 

Pelican. White ig;j 

Pencilings 1(53 

Phalarope, Wilson's 143. 146, 161 

Pheasant, Chinese or Mongolian 88, 115 

Phoebe; Pewee 14, 113, 150, IW, 326 

Phonograph, New Use for leo 

Photographing, Ornithological Subjects 

164, 17.5, 181, lft5 

Pigeon, Passenger 1 1, 90 

Pin-tail 45 

Plover at Home. Wilson's 186 

I'oor-will 73 

Prairie Hen 45 

"Pun" gent, Sentences 93 

Quail, Florida i,{ 

Quail, Texau 07 

Quail. Valley 2.52 

Queries Answered ; Question Box 71, 89, 

Ill, 143, 165, 182. 333, 255 

Rail, California Clapper 1G5 

Rail. Black ic,5 

Rail, King 4.5. 114, 163, 222 

Rail. King, in Minnesota 16I 

Kail. Virginia 45, 69, 143. 161, 206, 229 

Rail, Yellow, in Michigan 230 

"Rain Crow" 139 

nallidae in Minnesota 69, 161, 1C3 

Raven go 

Recording the Number of Birds Observed ... 1 J 6 

Kedbird. Summer 14, 67, 146 

Redstart. American 2.';o 

Rinl? 1 66, IJ 1 

Robin. American 47, 69, 112, 113 

Robin Eggs, Small 1C4 

Sandpiper. Bartramian 45 

Sandpiper. Solitary 67, 90 

Scraps from Many Note Books 91 

Sets. Numbering Consecutive 166 

"Shirt-tail" lt'6 

Shitepoke 90, 112, 139 

Shoveller 45 

Shrike, California 164, 226 

Shrike. Loggerhead 12, 

Shrike. Northern 24. let. 2,a) 

Shrike, White-rumped 9?. 1»;4. 221 

Siulia-AfiiK 140 

Siskin. Pine 11, 25, 71 

Snake. Fossil 76 

Snipe. Gray 9 

Snowbird. Black 1 13 

Snowbird. Nesting of the Black 178 

SnowHakes 73 

Sora 4.5. 69, 161 

South Carolina Notes 146 

.Sparrow, Chipping 72,75, 110. 11.3, 164 

Sparrciw, Clay-cole )red 206 

Sparrow, English 72, HI. 88. 110. 11.3. ir2 

Sparrow, Coloration of Eggs in Conttne- 

ment of English 52 

Sparrow, Field 14. 108 

Partridge, Califomlan 3.53 Sparrow. Gra.sshopper 165 



Sparrow, Savannah 165 

Sparrow, Seaside 143 

Sparrow, Song 108, 113 

Sparrow. Vesper 112 

Sparrow, White-throated 255 

Squirrel, Flying 92 

Stray Feathers 72 

Swallow, Barn K 

Swallow. Rough-winged 72, 142, 143 

Swan, Trumpeter 15, 83, 91 

Swan, Whistling Ifi5 

Swift, Chimney, Nesting with Swallows 


Tanager, Scarlet 69, 142, 143 

Taxidermy, "Davie's" Methods In the Art 

of 94, 95, 221 

Teal. Blue-winged 45. 161 

Teal, Gi'een-winged 45 

Tern, Black 45, 161 

Texas Notes 218 

•'The American Fish and Game Warden" . . . 

Thrasher, Brown 46 

Thrush, An Unidentified Nest of 148 

Thi-ush, Golden-crowTied 112, 182 

Thrush, Hermit 73, 111 

Thrush, Olive-backed 113 

Thrush, Wilson's l)-2 

Thrush, Wood l.-,S 

"Tip-up" 220 

Tit, Least fyS 

Tit, Tufted 30 

Tit, Yellow-headed 143 

■ Titmouse, Black-crested 218 

Titmouse, Plain 179 

Toad, Rock-enclosed 70 

Towhee 1S2, 163 

Towhee, White-eyed or Florida 13, 2.53 

Trip to Devil's Glen 13 

Trout, Voracious Mountain 138 

Turtle, Removing Shell from 165 

"Up and Down the Brooks" 119 

Unusual Happenings 1 1.5 

Ventriloquil Power of Birds 181 

Verdln 143 

Vireo, Bell's 142 

Vireo, Red-eyed 112 

Vireo, Warbling 46 

Vireo, White-eyed 1.58 

Vulture, Black 218 

Vulture, Turkey 2;» 

Warbler, Audubon's 148 

Warbler, Cerulean 2.55 

Warbler, C(jnnecticut 11 

Warbler, Hooded 47 

Warbler, Pine (Pine-creeping) 14, lOT) 

Warl 'ler. Prairie 1*2 

Warbler, Prothonotary 2j8 

Warbler, Yellow 46, 1 12, 143, 165 

Warbler, Yellow, Nest^-Illustrated 195 

Waxwlng, Bohemian 24, 226 

Waxwing, Cedar Ill, 165 

Whip-poor-will 15& 

Winter Birds in Spring 93 

Wisconsin, Collecting Trip at Pewaukee 145- 

"Wisconsin Naturalist" ISO 

Woodcock 72: 

Woodpecker, Hairy, and Potato Bugs 147 

Woodpecker, Downy 75, 90, 159, 183 

Woodpecker, Gairdner's 165- 

Woodpecker, Guinea 143 

Woodpecker, Golden- winged 94, 145- 

Woodpecker, Hairy 188: 

Woodpecker. Harris's, in Nebraska 5i9 

Woodpecker, Pileated, in Florida 86. 

Woodpecker, Pileated 25, 10» 

Woodpecker, Red-bellied 92-. 

Woodpecker, Red-headed 147 

Woodpecker, Unusual Nesting of the 

Downy 29, 53' 

Worcester Nattu:al History Society, Camp 

of the 115, 119' 

Wren, An Imprisoned 162" 

Wren, Baird's 219' 

Wren, Cactus '54 

Wren, Carolina 182.219' 

Wren, Dotted Canon 219-- 

Wren. House 46,72, 110,255 

Wren, Long-billed Marsh 47 

Wren, Short-billed Marsh 46 

Wren, Western House 70, 141! 

Wren, Winter 221, 250 

.-Yellowblrd" 143, 165 

Yellow-hammer 94 

Young Oologist, Principal Articles in the-234 


The YouM Oolof ist i The Oolorist 

CompiHsing together the most popular magazine, devoted to Birds, their 

Nests and Eggs, ever published. 

Appreciating their valne, the published has reserved a limited quantity of each 

issue to supply future .lenuuids. He has now, all told, 


Collectors will readity see the advisability of Completing their Files or obtaining a 

Complete Set at Once ! 
Batsk numbers will soon be exceedingly rare and valuable and possibly not obtainable at any price 


The following table or contents enumerates some of the principal articles in each issue. The 
"short articles" mentioned are one column or less in length and are all of great value to the 

Not mentioned in the list of contents, each issue contains one or two pages of "items" or 
•brief notes", one column to two pages of exchange notices, and from three to eight pages of 
advertisements, besides a -'query column" whi..h occurs in, although not all issues. 

VOLUME II. consists of but two numbers. 
Each contains 3a pages. 

No. 13.— Bartram's Gardens; South Carolina 
Observations. (G pages): Scientific Names; 
Gt. Homed Owl; Bank Swallows: Knights of 
A udubon ; Hummingbird ; R. I. Notes ; Texas 
Jottings ; ."W short articles. May. '8.5. 

No. 14.— American Crossbill ; Audubon's Birds 
of America; Illinois Notes; Destruction of 
Birds ; Cucicoos ; Cala. notes ; Wrens on the 
Warpath; Golden-winged Warbler; Fox 
Sparrow; Our Winter Birds; Snipe Creek; 
Ked-head; V.'isconsiu Jottings; Burrowing 
Owl, etc. ; A Florida Trip ; Homed Lark ; 
Queer Homes and Nestinar sites ; Brave Bird ; 
Ferruginous Rough Leg ; Sparrows ; Pigmy 
Nuthatch ; '<i6 short articles. June, '85. 


VOLUME I. Nos. 1. 2. .3. 4. 5. and \1 each con- ' 

U\xa 16 pages. Nos. 6. 7, 8, 9. and lueach contain- 

•M pages. No. 1 1 contains 'S6 pages. i 

No. 1.— Insti-uctions lor Collecting Birds' Eggs, 
(Sijagos, : Coues' Key; Twenty-four short ar- 
ticles. May. 1884. 

No. a.— Instructions for Collecting Birds' Eggs, 
concluded. (2 pages i : Painted Bimtings ; Cala. 
Mottled Owl; List of Birds Found at Mon- 
ti'eal ; '.^1 short articles. June. '84. 

No. o.— Maine Items; Yellow-headod Blackbird; 
Oix'Uard Oriole ; The Slip System; Wilson's 
Thrush ; Hand-book of Agassiz Association ; 
33 short articles. July, '81. 

No. 4.— Screech Owl; Importance of Identifica- 
ti<m; A La. Heronry; Cardinal Grosbeak; 
E;'gle'8 Nest; How to Make and Use Bii-d 
Lime; 14 short articles. Aug., '81. 

No. 5.— Bird-nesting— To Collect Scientifically, 
(3 pages) ; Cala. Birds; From Wyoming; 'Zi 
short articles. Sept., '84. 

No. 6.— Bobolink. (2H pages) : Sea Birds of 
M aine : Egging in Cala. Swamp; Old "Put" 
and the Bird's Nest ; List of Wisconsin Birds; 
M short articles. Oct., '84. 

No. 7.— Bronzed Graicle; Singular Duel; Fish 
Hawk : Spurred Towhee and Least Tit; Old 
•Put" and the Bird's Nest; Bird Island; 14 
short articlesi. Nov.. '84. 

No. 8.— The Alligator; Collecting In Marshes; 
Woodcock; 'Our B rJs in Their Haunts;" 
Iowa Notes ; Redstart ; Summer Redbird: 18 
short articles. Dec, '84. 

No. 9.— Baltimore Oriole; Texas Jottings; Sap- 
suckers ; Bam Owl ; American Ornithologists' 
Union, {'i pages); How to Handle a Gun; 
Black-capped Titmouse ; Egg of the Moa. Jan. 

No. 10.— Winter Wren; Cala. Duck Hunting; 
Screech Ow\:Davie's Egg Check List; Pea- 
.cock with Queer Tastes; White-bellied Nut- 
hatch; Blue Jays; Spotted Robin Eggs; 8 
Short articles. Feb., '85. 

JJ I. 11.— iTank Swallow; English Sparrows; 
Study of Birds; Gt. Horned Owl; Yellow- 
hilled Cuckoo ; Gambel's Quail ; Conn. Notes ; 
Intelligence of the Oriole; Yellow-breast 
Chat; Maryland Yellow-throat; White- 
Kumped Shrike ; List of Pacific Coast Birds ; 
Knigii Us of Audubon; Sample Data Blanks. 
(4 pages) ; 32 short articles. March, '85. 

No. U.— (,'ompletes ['ol. 1. Title pages for 
binding, with complete and exhaustive Index, 
(8 pages.) April. '85. 


Volumes III. and IV. are Bi-Monthly. The 

remaining volumes are Monthly. 
VOLUME ni. each issue averages 12 pages. 

No. 15.— Full page Frontispiece.— ^//i^rica/i H'a- 
ter Ouzels and Nest; Chester Island and the 
Marsh Wrens; Birds of Cortland Co., N. Y.. 
(4V2 pages) ; A Cheap Cabinet ; Nest of the 
Black-and-white Creeper; Summer Birds 
about Washington, D. C. ; Davie's Nests and 
Eggs of N. A. Birds; Water Blowpipe; 5 
Short Articles. Jan. & Feb.. '86. 

No. 16.— Vagary of a Collector (Great Homed 
Owl, Climbing Strap) ; A Hunt for TemEggs; 
Birds of Cortland Co., N. Y. ; Notes from 
North Carolina; Whip-Poor- Will ; Nest of the 
Brown Creeper ; Black-billed Cuckoo Deposit- 
ing Eggs in a Yellow-billed Cuckoo's; 
Cannibalism of the Red-headed Woodpecker ; 
23 short articles. March & April, '86. 

No. 17.— History of a Bird-Box ; Tree Sparrow ; 
Nests of the Green Heron ; Bird Notes from 
Iowa; A Difficult C)i nb after a Red-tailed 
Hawk's Nest; Review of the Check-Lists of 
N. A. Birds, with special Reference to the 
new A. O. U. List (3 pages); The State of 
l.Ialne as a Field for the Ornith.<>,ogist; 16 
short articles. May & June. "80. 

No. 18.— My first While Crane's Nest; Spring 
Notes; Notes from Chester County, Pa.; 
Turkey Buzzards; How to Make a Cabinet; 
Chewink Nests in a Tree; A Cabinet for, a 
large Collection; 13 short articles. Jy.&Aug..'8fi 

No. 19.— Collecting on Long Island ; Chimney. 
Swift; A Day with the Luous; llluiois Bird- 
Notes; Marsh Wrens; A Plucky Wood Pe wee; 


Minnesota Notes: Y.U'^^ Ponntv (N Y.) 
Notes; 8 short articles. Sept. to Nov., bO. 

Nj •M.-Vomple/iK yota/iu ij.1. Title pages foi 
\vn%ncr. w4b .-nnwl-te ■'"'3 ev^-niistive Index 
of Volumes II. and III. Dec. '88. 

VOLUME IV. Each Issue averages K pages. 

N> ai.-liirds ol Chester Couuty. t;euii. (U' 
pages): Chestnut-.slded Warbler; Massachu 
setts Letter: Hills of Birds; 3 short articles 

No 22.— Notes from Spoon River Region. Illi- 
nois: Peculiarities of the Ruby-throued 
Hummingbird; Purple Galliriule; How t< 
Collect; Bird Surgery; Rufous-vented am. 
Bendire's Thrashers and Canon Towhee . 
Newsy Items ; Notes from College HilU Ohio ; 
Nesting of our Swallows: Notes from Sulli- 
van Co.. N. Y. ; Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher: 
Notes from Connecticut: Fidelity of the Song 
Sparrow ; 13 short articles. March to May. .s. . 

Nos. 23- 24. Combined number,— Tour m the 
Woods at Fort Washington. Pa.; National 
Museum (Department of Birds, Nest and 
Eggs); Beaver County, Pa. Notes; Black- 
capped Chickadee; Hawking: Agassiz Asso- 
ciation and its Work ; Crow Roosts of Ne" 
Jersey; Swaiuson's Warbler; Destroy th(. 
Cowbird; Traill's and Acadian Flycatchers ; , 
short articles. June to Sept., '87. 

N .s avSe. Combined number ,— Gannet; v\hit( 
Pelican: Black-capped Chickadee; Mocking 
bird: Late Collecting; Yellow-breasted Fly- 
catcher; .5 short articles, Oct. to Dec, '87. 

VOLUME V. 16 pages each issue. 

N„ i;,.~Browu Tiix-t.-^uer; Bald Eagle : Shoot- 
ing a Golden Eagle: Florida Jottings: De- 
structive Nesting (English Sparrow) ; Arctic 
Terns; Notes from Lincoln County. Maine : 
Acadian Flycatcher; Red-shafted Flicker; l-J 

* short articles. Jan.. '88. 

No. 38.— Title pages for binding, with complete 
and exhaustive Index of Volume IV. ; Egg of 
jEpyornis Maxinius, the Colossal Bird of Mad- 
agascar (61/2 pages) ; Fish Crow. Feb., '88. 

No. 29.— Icterus spurius; Water Blowpipe: 
Cardinal Grosbeak : Kansas Notes ; A Moon 
light Trip; Among the Coots on St. Claii 
Flats ; Brown Thrush in Conhuement ; 9 short 

No. ;-0 —Boat-tailed Grackle: Destruction o 
om- Native Birds (4 pages) ; Gleanings froii 
Correspondence: Nest in a Horseshoe; 5 shon 
articles. April, '88. 

No. 31.— Oology (Advice to Collectors): Bahi 
Eagle; A Snipe Hunt: Notes taken at Norris 
town, Pa.; 'SidiUcation of Ic/iDea 7nissiiisipin- 
enrix; Among the Warblers; Chestnut-sided 
Warbler: 6 short articles. May. 'Rs. 

No. 3-3.— Family Rallidae in Michigan (3'4 
pages); ligg Collecting; Bii'd Voices: Road 
rtniinp'-: Votes on the Birds of Beaver, Pa. ; 
short articles. June, '88. 

N) o.;.— x^oou or Great Northern Diver (2 
)Kiges) : Eggs of Mississippi Kite: Nesting of 
>''viwTi PelK-an: Breeding HaViits of American 
Flaming) (3 pages) ; 3 short articles. July. "88. 

N IS. /«-.Tv Combined T'l'i^bev. — Reii'iniscencee 
Of 1886; Trip to Seven Mile Beach; Defense of 
....iiu.-i. i .< . -. v^oriviii \> ;iukesha Co.. VViscoii 
Sin; Great Auk; Arkansas Notes; Blacl- 
Snowbird ; Notes for Collectors ; Some of oui 
Faleonulae; Jim (A Tame Crow); Buffalo 
International Fair; 8 short articles. Aug.. Sep 

N )8. 3<;>-37. Combined number,— American Os- 
prev ; A Day with the Gulls ; Florida Notes : 
A Plea for the English Sparrow ; Useful Con- 
trivances; Game Laws; Notes from Lake 
Coimty, Ohio; South Carolina Notes; a 
Pleasant Excursion ; Sparrows and Cat ; Her- 
mit Thrush ; Western House Wren ; A Few 
Words to Observers; Flying Squirrels Occu- 
pying Birds' Nests ; 15 short articles. Oct .Nov. 

No. 3«.— Ostrich Farming : An AfterncKin'g Col- 
lecting Trip; California Notes; Notes from 
St. Lawrence Co.. N. Y. ; Bird-Arrivals in N. 

E. Indiana ; Bank Swallow ; Faunal Changes, 
--DeKalli Co., Indiana; Audubon Monument ; 
10 short articles. Dec, '88 
VOLUME VI. SO pages each issue. 
.\^o. 39.- Title pages for binding, with Complete 
and Exhaustive Index of Volume V. ; Breed- 
ing Habits of the Bridled Tern : Wood Thrush 
and Brown Thrasher ; From Western North 
Carolina; B'rds of Broome Co.. N. Y. : Pecul- 
iar Egg of Voreai fragivorus: Cuckoos : Notes 
from Alabiima; Carrilina Parakeet; 12 short 
articles. Jan.. '89. 
Mo. 40.— A Red-headel Family { Piriiln") m^ 
pages) ; Kaptores of Miciiigaii ; W Id Tiir'^-ey ; 
Birds of Iowa: The "Critic" Criticised; 8 
short articles. Feb.. '&9. 
No. 41.— Dii-ect!ons for making a Bird or Mam- 
mal Skin : The Owl ; A Crow Quandary ; 
Birds of Macon County. Ga. ; Collecting Ex- 
perience ; Story of a Taiue Crow ; G short 
articles. March. '89. 
No. 42.— Raptores of Michigan (3 pages) ; Nest- 
ing of the Tufted Tit; Peculi;u'ities in Sets 
and Eggs of a L'ew of our Commoner Birds ; 
Difference betwt'ea White-runiped and Log- 
gerhead Shrikes; Birds of Grafton Co.. N. 
H. ; Sample Pages of Davie's New Check- 
List ; 6 short articles. April, '89. 
>Jo. 43.— Avi-Fauna of Orleans County, N. Y. 
(fiu pages); The Robin; The Crow in the 
North; Bald Eagle's Nest; Making Bird 
Skins ; 3 short articles. May. '89. 
No. 44.— Birds of Matthews Co., Va. : ChaJiges 
in the Nesting of Birds ; Collecting Tour iu 
Florida ; Nesting of Pygmy Owl ; Difference 
between White-rumped and Loggerhead 
Shrikes ; Black-billed Cuckoo in Dakota ; 
Datas ; Nest of Marsh Hawk ; 4 short articles. 
No. 46.— Michigan Notes (4)/^ pages) ; Arkansas 
Notes ; Goldfinch in Confinement ; Burrowing 
Owl : Our Reply ; Gleanings from Correspond- 
ents ; b short articles. July, '89. 
No. 46. — Notes from Hillsborough Co., Florida 
(2 pages) ; Shore Lark in Canada ; Can Quails 
be Domesticated?; Red-tailed Hawk ; Untime- 
ly End of a Set of Brown-headed Nuthatch 
Eggs ; Broad-winged Ha^vk a,nd Black-capped 
Chickadee ; Gleanings from Correspondents : 
Wilson Ornithological Chapter of the Agassiz 
Association ; 4 short articles. Aug., '89. 
No. 47.— -Old Abe" Jr. ; A Day's Collecting 
Trip ; Bell's Vireo ; Black Tern ; Yellow- 
rumped Warbler ; An Automatic Blower : 
Flight of Ducks ; White-e^-ed or Florida Tow- 
hee ; Pygmy Owl ; Coopers Hiiwk ; 10 short 
articles. Sept., "89. 
No. 48. — Winter Birds of Kalamazoo County, 
Mich. (2U pages) ; American Long-eared 
Owl ; Wood Ibis in Illinois ; Birds of Bertie 
Co., N. C. ; Collecting in Western Florida : A 
White Sparrow: Nests and Eggs of North 
American Birds ; Black Tern ; 8 sliort articles. 
No. 49.— Thick-billed Grebe ; Birds' Nests ; Yel- 
low-billed Cuckoo ; Mechanical Egg Drill ; 
Birds Moving their eggs ; Cardinal Grosbeak ; 
To Pack Eggs for Transportation : Disposal 
of Duijlicate Specimens ; Complete List of 
the Birds of North America arranged accord- 
ing to the A. O. U. Check-List (6 pages) ; ;'> 
short articles. Nov.. '89. 
No. 50.— Birds of Niagara County. N. Y. : Shore 
Lark ; Incidents in Bird Life ; Gleanings from 
our Correspondence : Marsh Hawk ; Yellow- 
headed Blackbird; Northern Phalarox)e; 13 
short articles. Dec, '89. 

No. 51.— Title pages for binding, with Complete 
and Exhsiustive Index of Volume VI. : Notes 
on Florida Birds (3 pages) ; Ornithology and 
T.icycliiig; Audubon Ornithological Club; 
Florida Field Notes; Trip to Devil's Glen: 
Simple C<mtrivance ; Capture of a Trumpeter 
Swan ; 4 short articles. Jan.. 'iK). 
No. .oa.--.L>i'eediug of the Browu-l^eaded Nut- 



hatch; Prairie Homed Lark : CoIlPCtiiig Ex- 
perience ; Suo^^-j' Owl : Nest of the Texan Bo^- 
white ; Unusual Nesting of the Do'svxiy Wood- 
pecker; Evening Grosbeak ; Blue-Gray Gnat- 
catcher and Tufted Tit ; 6 short articles. Feb. 

Xo. 53.— Summer Residents of Buena Vista 
County, Iowa; In the Woods of Florida; 
Birds of Mackinac Island. Mich. ; Among the 
Gulls on Isle Royale ; Sandhill Crane ; Even- 
ing Grosbeak : Rnby-crowued Kinglet ; Cac- 
tus Wren ; Screech Owl in Captivity ; Taking 
Birds' Nests ; 1 1 short articles. March, '90. 

No. 54.— Caged Eagles; Evening Grosbeak (2 
pages) ; Solitary Sandpiper ; Summer Red- 
bird ; Notes from Rochester. Mich. ; Family 
Rallidae in Minnesota ; Downy Woodpecker ; 
Hardly Ornithological ; 10 short articles. Apr. 

No. ."VS.— Do Birds Mate More than Once?; 
Habits of the Evening Grosbeak ; Pileated 
Woodpecker in Floi-ida; Bird P^'otection ; 
Chinese or Mongolian Pheasant in Oregon ; 
Prairie Warbler; Winter Birds in Spring : A 
Valuable Work : Davie's Now Work on Taxi- 
dermy ; 13 short articles. May, '90. 

No. 56.— Nesting habits of the American Oyster- 
catcher; Prairie Horned Lark ; Saw- Whet or 
Acadian Owl ; Pine Warbler ; Bluebird ; Albi- 
nos ; Pileated Woodpecker in Mahoning 
County. Ohio; Belligerent Neighbors; Re- 
cording the number of Birds Observed : Book 
Review ; Prospectus of the Worcester Natural 
Historj' Camp (4 ',2 pages) ; l:i short articles. Je. 

No. .57.— American Crossbill ; Crested Grebe ' 
Voracious Mountain Trout ; Yellow-billed 
Cuckoo : Long tailed Chickadee ; Rough- 
winged Swallow; Great Horned Owl ; Some 
Unusual Happenings ; Pallas' Cormorant ; 
Eggs of Audubon's Warbler ; V-i short articles. 

No. .5.S.— The Caprimiilgiihie in Arkansas: 
White-bellied Nuthatch ; Strange Co-habita- 
tion : Variation in the Eggs of Habia ludovici- 
ana: King Rail in Minnesota; 8 short arti- 
cles. Aug.. '90. 

No. 59.— The Use of the Camera in the Field ; 
Saw- Whet or Acadian Owl ; Nesting of the 
Black Snowbird : Marsh Hawk ; Plain Tit- 
mouse ; Lost Opportunities ; The Magnolia 
Warbler; Wilson's Plover at Home ; 8 short 
articles. Sept.. '!»(). 

No. 60.— The of the Camera in the Field. 
A study of ne.sts ( I'j pages, illustrated with 4 
photo engravings: The Flathead (Montana) 
Field; The Owls of San Bernardino Valley; A 
Collecting Adventure: The Ruby-throated 
Hummingbird; Ornithologists at Indian- 
apolis; The Burrowing Owl: After "Gators' 
Eggs;" Notes from Northern Minnesota. 
Oct, '90. 

No. 61.— The Ruby-throated Hummingbird 
(Fairies In Fairyland) CiU pagesi; Notes 
from Travis Co.. Tex:is: A Week to Mt. Ham- 
ilton; Great Horned Owl; Strange Co-habita- 
tion: Brewer's Blackbird; Ne.sting of Uon- 
fopitx hnrefili" in M:iine; A Letter from Oliver 
Davie Relating to his New Work on Taxi- 
dermy: Notes oQ Anha herodiax; The Pro- 
thonotary Warbler: Nesting of the Virginia 
Rail: The Yellow Rail in Mich. : An Outline 
of the More Valuable Articles Appearing in 
the YouNf; Ooi, (3 pages) ; 7 short arti- 
cles. Nov., '90. 

No. 62.— The Rusty Blackbird; Notes from 
Ohio: Evening fJrosbeak In New Hampshire: 
The Cala. Partridge or Valley Quail : Nothing 
at All— a Poem: Case for Instruments: Notes 
from Island Lake. Florida; 3 short articles. 
Dec, "90. 







-Vfter which the prices of many numliers will 
be advanced, and possibly not obtainable at 
any price. Should you desire back numbers to 
complete your tile, noiv is the time to purchase. 
Vou can never obtain them for less money and 
possibly not at any price, as our stock ranges 
f r( )m only five to 100 copies of an issue. 
Our prices until Jan. 1, 1892, are as follows: 

Nos. 11, 13, 14-, 18,20,21,23-24-, 
32, 34--35, 4-2, 53, 60, lOc each; all 
other numbers 5c per copy. 

FO R *t ^ P A 9 H We will send by return 
I \./i\ ^^ ^Moii rn ail a copy of every is- 
sue published— Nos. 1 to 62 inclusive— and in 
addition, send the OOLOGIST for 1S91. making 74 
luunbers in all. 

FOR ONI Y SOr "^^e will sendapack- 
i \J\\ \j\^\-\ ^\jKy age of twenty (30) all 
different back numbers, our selection. 

Our prices for back Nos. of the Young Oolo- 
GiST and Ooi.OGiST, in volumes, are as follows: 

Vol. I. Young Oolqgist, Nos. 1 to 12 $ SO 

'■ II. " " " 13 and 14... .1.5 

" III. The Oologist, '• 15 to 20 .30 

" IV. " " '• 21 to 3.5-36. .35 

•• V. '• '■ " 27 to 38 .50 

" VI. " '• '• 39 to .50 50 

" VIL '■ •• ■' 51 to 62 .50 


Can be furnished, handsomely and strongly 
bound in cloth, as follows : 

Vol. I. Young Oologist $1.00 

" IL '• '• and Vol. IIL The 

Oologist, bound in one volume, for only .75 
Or if you order the two volumes at one tirrie, we 
will send them by retiu-n mail for only $1.. 50. 
Every student of birds, tlieir nests and eggs, 
should have these two volumes in their library. 
The valuable infonnation they contain is worth 
many times the price. 

During 1891 we can furnish bound volumes of 
Vols. IV.. v.. VI. and VII. of the Oologist, at 
the following low rates: 

Vol. IV. and V. in one Vol $1.00 

Either Vol. VI. or VII. bound separately 75 

Vol. VI. and VII. in one volume 1.35 

" IV. to VII. " '• " 2.00 

' III. to VII. " " " 8.S0 

'■ I. to VII. The Young Oologist and Oo- 
logist, in one volume 3.50 

The above prices are for either cloth or 
boards and c:vlf as we may select. To accom- 
modate f)ur patrons we can have any combina- 
tion of volumes, if they prefer, liound in sheep 
or morrocco at the actual additional cost to 
ourselves. Address. 


Albion, - - N. Y. 





Th.> material from which this JeweU-y is manufactured is a very beautiful, fibrous white, 
almost translucent mineral_ having a pearl or satin-like lustre, from England. W e -will mail a 

'^^ ^The Jewelry is'afl made from choice selected specimens of only the finest quality of Spar, 
and is cut and p/.Ushed by experienced workmen. Nothing has been sold during the past few 
vears in the iewelry line, that has created the "craze" that can be credited Satin Spar. AtNia- 
gara^Falls. eiiterprLsiug dealers sell it to the credulous tourists as coming from that immediate 
vicinity (Table Kook ill i)art!cular.) _ „ „ ,r ^ ,i ictvt!„„^o> 

It is sold under various names, such as "Niagara Falls Spar" "Moonstone" "Mineral 
Pearls" "Congealed Spray" (Whew!) etc. „ ^ , ^ 

• The mountings are strong and durable and of the best quality rolled plate. 

1 Scarf Pin. 

The above illustrations are reduced cme-third. 
Scarf or "Stick'' Pins. | Fob Chains. 

41 Queen Chains, linked 1 

I 4:J " " ouP'ox Chain 1 

; 43 Victoria Chains, linked 1 

1 44 • " on Fox Chain 1 

I We furnish the Chains with either Ball 
I Acorn Charm. 


small Ball ? 2.5 

larger " . 2.') 

H " " Acom 25 

4 " •' Bell 25 

5 " " Bug 7.5 

ti " " Eagle's Claw 75 

Lace Pins or Brooches. 

11 Bangle Lace Pin. 4 Balls nO 

12 • • ■ 5 " 6,5 

13 ■• • • G " 70 

14 " " " 4 AcoiTiS 75 

15 " " ■ 4 Bells 1 0(» 

la Straight " " 85 

17 " " ■ 1 Bell Bangle 100 

18 3 " " 1 50 

Ear Drops. 

21 Ear Drops. Ball 5J 

'£1 " " Acorn 50 

23 " " Bell .50 


.•;i Bangle Bracelets, 6 BaUs CO 

.32 " " 12 " 1 10 

33 " • 6 Bells 1 10 

:M • ■ 6 Acorns a5 

35 Assorted Bangles. !n') 
■Sfi Fancy " Strung on rolled plated 

.spring wire, 1 Bell Bangle 1 50 

Glove Buttoners. 
51 Glove Buttoner, Ball Bangle .. 
5i " " Acorn 

53 • " Bell " .... 

61 Necklace, linked 2 

on Fox Chain. 

Watch Charms. 

71 Watch Charm. Ball 

72 " •■ Acorn 


81 Hair Pin 1 

82 Jersey Pin, Eagle's Claw 1 

83 Double Pius, (two of the Scarf Pins con- 
nected with rolled plated chain contain- 
ing a bangle 1 

We are constantly adding new designs. 





We have recently been appointed Special Wholesale Agent tor Spar goods by the Manu- 
facturer, and we desire at once to obtain an agent at every Post-Ofllce in the U. S., to handle 

During the past season we retailed from our stores over 1,000 of scarf or "stick" pins. The. 
ball style at a.Tc and the bells and acorns at 3ftc each. In other localities we have known them to. 
sell at from 5()c to $1.00 each and we think our agents will have no trouble in retailing tham at. 
35 cents. 

For 2.TC we will send by return mail a sample scarf pin, a sample of the spar in its natural 
state and terms to ageuts. For J.'.OO we will send one doxeu choice assorted, on which you can 
make a nice profit by selling to your friends. Any person can easily make from $.5.00 to $2bM a. 
month without any eflorc whatever, by simply displaying a few samples and informing their 
friends that they have duplicates for sale, 

During the past season we have found the following to be the best sellers: 

Scarf or "sticlc" pins, -1 styles, Nos. 1 to 4 @ 85c $1.00 

Bangle [jace Pin, No. 11 50 

Double Pins connected with chain. No. 83 1.00 

Queen Chain. No. 41 I.OO 

Victoria Chain. No. 44 1.75 

Bracelet, No. 31 60 

Bnicelet. '• 32 1.10 

Ear Drops 60 

For ^.00 we will send by Registered Mail securely packed in a wooden box, a sample of each 
the articles named above and give you the agency for your locality. We will appoint only one 
agent in a town of 1,000 or less inhabitants and waile working for our interests will allow no 
other agent working for us to sell iu their territ iry. T.) especially active ageuts, Jewelers and 
dealers in Fancy Goods we will give exclusive sale in much larger towns. 




Contains a coirdse account erf every species of living and fossil Bird at present 
knoun on (he Contineiit north cf the boundary line between Mexico and the United 
States, includi'ug Greeiiland. 

The Fourth Edition, exhibiting the New Nomenclature of the American Ornitholo- 
gists' Union, and including descriptions of additional species, changes, 
etc., up to May i, 1800. 

GENERAL ORNITHOLOGY.— An outline of the structure and classification of 

of Birds; and 
FIELD ORNITHOLOGY. — A nnanual of collecting, preparing and preserving 


By ELLIOTT COUES, M. A., M. D., Ph. D., Member of the National 
Academy of Science, &c. 


Tbe three former editions of this Standard Text P( ok of Ornttholopy beli g rntlrrly out of print, 
and f-lIU very much In demand, the pnbllsliers have sjand neilliei- f niiis nor e>] cii.'e In the prepar- 
atl< n of 'TIIK NRW KEY," In which the whole subject Is c;u< fully I loupht di wn lo date. ••Coues' 
Kej" Is tfiO well known as a leading and authorltlve tieiiiisc lo FKlulre )i mark. Th*- work contains 
over 900 pages and Is fully Indexed with several lliousaiid ( nines. 





Giianmlrrlni; jD.UIIO l'|rriilii(li>n. Vnr lOrti. 
(.il..ri j.Mir iiniii.- Hill III- ln,tT(H<l iinil <u|iT 
nailril Juu nrruiapniili'il lir |m«Uiii- |iruuf 
dial )>iiir nmiii' U kciil l<i .'>0,'lMi() riililislHrt, 
A<lT•■^li•rn,)l^^n.nll<l ■•(iirn.niKl fniiu llii've 
jrou will ror.I.e hunilnil.. piol.nlilj lhui.«. 
■niU, or ttluilkip Bj|ia|i|p>, I'nprr*, lluiiko, 
Jlaicailnri, Pir., AM. t- ItKR. Al vrnvi ndilrp'^ 
AnKKICAK UIKKtTOHY « O.. Kiilfiilo, N. Y. 
Vtn-ioM HliJ, V>.— (iisT.:l liixo •Iru.l/ rtucivra 
OT«r l.inx jwrcclt of mnil, icvrr* of maxiiiiira. etc., for 
which 1 hail often \fi\\ 2&« each Ijef-rri.. My ez[vrienae 
pTOTei your PirectorT fir eicfU oU olt.crn, u I flod 
■M«l of Uien wc fraiula ukl cLaau. A. T. Jamu. 


i* 'luMduj my. lilrd.s' Skins iind KRya, Shells, 
CurioK. MliieniLs. Ko.ssils, Indian Ktllcs, Cur- 
iosities and Natuinllsis' Supplies, Singing and 
l-mcv Birds, 'I'lilkliig I'urroLs. (ioldUsh andl 
Aquarium Stock. Send stamp lor Calulogues and 
I'nce LlaiB. 


AI7 )S6 State St., Madison. Wis. 



A Branch Store at Ann Arbor. 

For the convenience of my western friends 1 have opened a speci- 
mennd s ipply store at No. 22 East Huron St., Ann Arbor, Mich. 

artie.s in the western states and in fact any but l^he extreme east- 
ern and middle states can save fully two or more days time by having 
their orders filled from Ann Arbor instead of at onr headquarters at 
Albion or of some eastern dealer, over 700 (seven hundred) miles east 
-of Ann Arbor. On and after Jan. 1st, 1891, we shall have on hand at Ann 
Arbor, Mich., ready for immediate shipment, one of the larcest stocks of 
Specimens, Curiosities, Supplies and Instruments in the Uni ed States 
west of our Albion, N. Y., headquarters. Onr western patrons and par- 
ties in the habit of sending way east for their mater'al, mil please keeji 
this in mind. 

Faithfully yours, FRANK H. LATTIN. 



See dcscri2)tio7i on pages 94, 95 and 96 May Oulogid, also letler on 
pages 224 and 225 Novimbcr issue. 

This work will be published only on condition that there are 500 
subscribers; also, only that number will be taken. If the reqtusite 
nuniber are obtained the name of each will be published in the work. 
Write at once for subscription blank, proof pag>^s of the illustrations 
and for full particulars address 

%* To any reader of the OoLOGiST, who will write Mr. Uavie for a bhiuk and 
properly till tlie same, stating to him that they snbserilje for his work, through 
the reeomendation of the publisher of the Oologist, we will, if you are not 
more than pleased witii the work when published, give you $5.00 in eash for your 
<!opy and present you with a years subscription to the Oologist, for your 



iSird^, rV^amTnal^ and £^^5, 

I make a .'ipocialty nf mallint; birds same day 
■as skinned, or sent in the Hesh after subjecting 
them to a nresei-vMtive preparation. Enclose 
stamp for Price List. 

(oW Stamps (ur^ 

Large well illustrated 48p book 5c. 
827 Branaan St., San Francisco, Cal. 


If you want- anything in the RUBBER STAMP 
LINE, write lu •I^'OivU,"' lor prices. He will 
fui-uish you a four-line stamp with pads and 
inlc for only XIc. post-paid. Address, 

R. W. FORO, 

BRISTOL. - - 001SI3SI. 




iSPECIFiC no.i 

In use itO ytnrs. The only successful remedy for 

Nervous Debility, Vital Weal(ness, 

and Prostration, from over-work or other causes. 
$1 per vial, or 5 vials and large vial powder, for $5. 
Sold by Drcooists, or sent postpaid on receipt 

Oor. William and John Sts., N. \. 










Though cheapness is the leading feature of this 
outfit, it must not be thought that it is any way- 
inferior in quality; as this outfit and the '-Nutshell" 
are made mostly by improved machinery gotten up 
expressly for them. In this way outfits of at least 

-...— ^^^»^— ^ ^^.m..^mm^ ■ • ^oublc the value are produced at these low prices. 

THE POCKET PRINTER is m every way complete, containing all of the type shown 
in cut. sufficient to set up any ordinary name— a nickel plated metal type holder, a brass shell of the 
very best Indelible Ink, which is at any store worth almost the price of the whole outfit— a felt inking 
pad, pair of bteeltype tweezers, full directions; " How to be a Printer, ** in a neat case— see cut. 
Either of these outfits, mailed post-paid at prices named. 









by the addition of 



and more Letters in two styles. 

This outfit has four alphabets of type and a set of figures of styles shown under cut. 

For Housi»hold use and many business purposes this outfit is just the thing. The style and size of 
type makes it useful for many purposes where the " Pocket Printer" would not be suitable. 

It contains besides the type, all of the parts mentioned with the "Pocket Printer." in more 
substantial form. 

"With these outfits you can setup a name or address quickly — change to some other wording in a 
minute. Print Cards, Envelopes and Note-Paper,mark linen and books, (Ink is warranted Indelible.) 

Curio Novelty Co., Gaines, Orleans Co., N. Y. 




Exotic Butterflies and Motlis 

In brilliant colors and ot rare beauty, from India, 
Australia, Africa and SoutU America for ccs/t or 
half cash and hulf in rare eggs or fine blid sKlna. 
Also fine cocoons from otliL-r countries. Send 5c 
for catalogue. Stale what you want distinctly. 
ADS'iluMy no attention jiald to postal cards. Col- 
lections made up in Ciiblnets for museums ;ind 
colleges, containing all the classes of insects 
trom every clime. We have the largest stock of 
Lepldoptera in New England and charge the low- 
est prices In the United states. 


" The Comer Stone of a IVstloii." 


j| on this Pen & Pencil Stamp only >CwV^ 

( We will send you one by 
"mail on receipt of price. 

Agerits Waritecl. 

R.W.FORD, BristoLConn. 

"£;<periTnenL(al Electricity/ 

It will give practical information upon the 
following subjects: S<mie Easy Experiments 
in Electricity and Magnetism. ' How to Mai<e 
Electric Batteries, a Galvanometer, an Induc- 
tion Coil, an Electric Bell, a Magneto Machine, 
a Telegraph Instrument, an Electric Motor, a 
Dynamo, Electric Gas Lighting and Bell Fit- 
ting. Some i)rartiral directions for amateurs. 
Some information in v-frard to Electric Lamps. 
176 Pages, KWIUu.strations. the book for 
amateurs. Price, doth bound, !fl. Send money 
by Registered letter or P, O. money order. 
Send for catalogue. 

B. F. EVANS, Madison, Wis. 


Have you stood on the world famous " Plymouth 
Rock," or visited the historic scenes in Pilgrim-land? 
Would you do thi.i in pictm-e and story, send fot 
one of the following books: 

«(5liuiipf=i8-s of l"iJs">"i5»» Flymon*!*. — Forty- 
eight view? in p]iottr-Gra\-iire from ])hotograph£ 
and paintings, with descriptive text, showing the 
Flymoath of 1C20 and tho Plymouth of today. 
Price by mail, §1.50. iLedaced size, thirty-foni 
view.?, 50 cents. 

S!<i!>tcSt«"s Ml»oit !^sj-sMoutl». — Etehings by 
TV. II. W. Bickuull, in white iJortfolio. Size, 10xl-,i. 

S^jIgT'iMi .^lyjsaoEitit. — Sixteen Indotype 
views, with descriptive text. Size, Idxl."?. Cloth 
covers, gilt, ,*4.50. Same m handsome seal bind- 
ing, $7.50. 

'•Stai««l!si« of fitaii<li.«Js."by Jane G.Austin. 
The story of the Pilgrims; deeply interesting, his- 
toi-icaljy arcurale; cloth binding. $1.25. 

a^Jiiia lr>J!p.-is-i5ias at PSyiwosstfe.— By L. B. 
Humphrey. Tho Pilgrim, story told for children. 
Finely illustrated; cloth. $1.25. 

S*lVs5i<5»EJis Mock E*ap«»r 'W'eig-lat*.— 
JHodels of the famous Rock, two sices; hy mail 
35 and 50 cents each. 
I CJov. Cawsr's Clsair. — Models of the Chaii 
, brought in the Mayflower, 1620, 25 cents. 
] S=lio«og-rapJiM of 2*lj«»oulU Itock. 
Pilgrim Hall, Kational Monuraent to the Pilgrims^ 
and cr.e hundred other subjects of historic interest. 
' Extra fine views, b'SxS^i,, 35 cents each, §4.00 pei 
i dozen. Catalogue free. 

i :^lymou«5» Albums, 31 "Views, 25 cents. 
Any of the above books will make handsome 
! Christmas and Birthday presents, and will be 
: mailed postpaid on receipt of price. 

We have sent samples to the editor of this papei 
I irho will vouch for their excellence. 
I Agents tvanled. 

Pilgrim Bookstore, Flynxouth, Mass. 



LocKPORT, New York. 

Remodeled last year, refurnished en- 
tirely with new and elegant Furniture, 
fitted with at! Modern Improvements, 
including Electric Lights, Steain Heat, 
Call Bells, Elevator, Etc. 

FREE BUS to all day trains. 

W. C. COMSTOCK, Prop'r. 



The Oologist for 1891. 

The Oologist is without question the most 
popular and instructive magazine, devoted to 
Birds, their Nests and Eggs, ever published, 
and while of special value to the Oologist and 
Ornithologist, its Publisher is not alone in his 
belief that Teachers, Scientists, Naturalists 
and Curiosity Collect. irs in all departments will 
find the Oologist not only worthy of their at- 
tention, but of their *-'/6.v'v//;^(o/?. On January 
1, 1891, the OoLOGisr will euter its eighth vol 
ume, and it will be the aim of its publisher, 
with the aid of its subscribers, to make it of 
greater value than any preceding one. Each 
number for "91 will contain twenty p.iges (It5 
and a cover) and will be promptly and regular- 
ly issued the first week of each month. The 
OOLOGI.ST for 1S91 will be sent post-paid to any 
part of the world 


Every subscriber received for '91, will be 
mailed a card composed of two Coupons one of 
which will entitle* the person addressed, to a 
free Exchange Notice, of x,'.') words in the Oolo- 
gist if used within one year from date. The 
sec(jnd coupon will be accepted by the Pub- 
lisher of the Oologist from the person address- 
ed, in payment for or towards anything he of- 
fers for sale, to t!ie am<nint of 2:>c pi'ovidiug the 
foods ordered aiuount to not less than ^1. :.':"•. 
'his coupon Is the same as Sm- in cnsh to 
you If .vou should want to purchase anything of 
us to the amount of f\.-S^, during the year. 

Remember every subscriber received for the 
Oologist will receive FOR ONLY ,tO CENTS 
the following: 

The Oologist for '91 $ X-f) 

Coupon for an Exchange Notice 2.5 

250 on a $1.2.') order 25 

Erery subscriber received for 1S91 w 11 be 
mailed the c;ird bearing the two oupons. re- 
gardless as to whether the .subscription is sent 
us direct or through an agent or whether it is a 
cash or exchange one or whether obtained 
through some future inducement we make. 

Address, TRB OOLOGIST, Albion, N. Y. 


Climbing Irons. 


I Photography • 


. ioe( iNTENiu aro tkc camera * 




Any persrni sending 
us 15 .before March 15, 
1S9I. we will, in order to 
inti-oduce our g o o d s. 
s.'ud prepaid the foUov.-- 
ing articles, viz: 

Mexican Resurrection 
Plan t. Instantaneous 
Photogi-aph C a m e r a 
(Will be sc)ld sepiratcly 
for 10c. )2 .(apanese Nap- 
kins. I Japanese Envel- 
ope, 1 I.ieaf from Japan- 
ewe Book, 1 pkg. Scrap 
Pictures, 10 varieties of 
Foreign Stamp;s, Cou- 
pon good for 25c on an 
oi'der of if 1.0.) or over. 

The entire package 
will be sent you by re- 
turn mail, prepaid for 
only 15c. address. 


(Jaines, Orleans Co.. N. Y. 


There is 
scarcely a month 
.n the year but 
what a pair oi 
good Climbing 
Irons comes handy 
])o not let a low price luro 
.Aou into purchasing an infer- 
ior article. Every time you 
i!se a cheap pair of irons, it is 
Avell to remember, that the 
risk you run is a Innulred- 
fold greater than with a reli- 
able pair. Uur irons arc the 
Lest made and are manufact- 
ured from the best and 
strongest material obtainable. 
'Jhe straps are wide and made 
from the very best of leather. 
Our climbers are the 
easiest, safest -Awd most 
durable on tlie mar 
ket and cannot be 
sold at a living profit 
for less money by any- 

During the past live years we have 
sold hundreds of pairs of climberS', 
have sent them to nearly every state 
and territory in the Union and liave yet 
to hear of the first dissatisfied purchaser. 
Fi'om many testimonials, we S-lect 
the following: 

"The climbers that you sent give entire satlsfac 
tlon and are well made In every particular." 

T. V. W., Austin. Ills. 

"Ueceivert my climbers all right on the 21st of 
last month. Have deferred writing to .you till ' 
had used them. They are a'* good a sinirasT 
ever tried and I think I am saf ■ in saying that iJ 
you buy your spurs ol Lattin, you get good ones." 
J. P. J., Kelton, Pa. 

"All the supplies ordered came duly to hand.all 
O. K. Am more than pleased with them alL 
The cllmplng Irons are just what I wanted; the 
book of datas Is Immense and the Naturalist's 
Guide Is well worth the price, i wUh to compli- 
ment yoti on your method of pac'Klng. The goods 
that I received could hardly have been better 
fixed for transportation. Am more Impressed 
with your promptness every time 1 order: and la 
future, let mo say, If there Is anything In your 
line that I need, you may be sure that I shall 
give you thopreference." 

11. c. O., Shclburne Falls, Mass. 

Oiir prices are as follows: Strapped, 
ready for use, by express, at purchas- 
er's, $'^.50, or prepaid to anv 
part of the United Slates, $3.^5. Cjiiid)- 
ers wiliiouL straps by express, *I.DO, 
prepaid, $<J.Oi). 

F n A r^ K 




New Kodak Cameras. 

Yott press the button, 

we do the rest' 





or sale by all Photo. Stock Dealers. Send for Catalogue. 


S4.05 FOR ONLY S2.00 

Davie's "Key to the Nests and Eggs of N. A. Birds", paper, 4th 

Edition $1 25 

The Oologists' Hand Book '85 15 

The American Naturalists' Directory, Balliet and Sawyer 15 

Hints on Insect Collecting 10 

Preparation of Rough Skeletons, Lucas, 12 illustrations 15 

Directions for Removiug and Preserving the Skins of Mammals, 

Hornaday, illustrated 15 

Instructions in Reference to Collecting Nests and Eggs of N A. 

Birds, Baird & Newton, 18 illustrations 25 

Directions for Collecting, Preserving and Transporting Speci- 
mens of Natural History, Baird 35 

The OoLOGisT for 1891 50 

The two Premium Coupons 50 

Twenty different back numbers of the Oologist 50 

We will send any of the above publications by return mail upon 
receipt of price or if ordered before Mar, 15th we will send the entire 
lot for only $2.00. If you have already subscribed for the Oologist 
for 1891, have the copy in this offer mailed to some friend; or if you 
are now a subscriber to the Oologist and do not care to send the Oolo- 
gist to a friend or for the premium coupons and the back numbers of 
the Oologist we wiU send you the balance of the lot for only $1.50. 
This offer holds good until Mar. 15th only, 


. 1^-^ - ~ H \^ 





\0^ Monthly. "^fj^ 50c. per Year. V;i^: 



ALBION, N. Y , MAECH, 189 L 

No. 3 

Exchanges and Wants. 

Brief spe<*i:il nnuovmcements. "Wants," "T/x.- 
changes" inserteii in this depTrtmeut I'o.r S5< 
Ver "i"! words. Notices over '£> ^vords. char{re<3 
at the r:ite of one-half cent per word. Nc 
notice inserted for less than •J.'Sc. Not'cef 
vhk-h WK merely indirect methods of Sf)lic'tins 
cash p-iirchas;^rs cimnot Ije admitted to these 
columns under any cii'cumstances. Terms, 
cash with oraer. 

EXCHANGE.— Lai-ge hand press and type, 
for eggs, starap.s. -Davie's Nest and Eggs of N. 
A.," bound, climbing irons, oologists' in.stru- 
nients. K. SIGLEIi, V^ JVIidJand Ave., Mont- 
Clair, N. J. 

WANTED.— To correspond with anyone that 
is interested in getting up a collection "of miner- 
als by exchange, A. E, COLE, East Concond, 
N. H. 

TO EXCHANGE.— First-class birds^ skins for 
Mame. Correspondence solicited. J. CLAIRE 
WOOD. 104 Abbott St.. Detroit. Mich. 

TO EXCH.\NGE.— South Sea Island Spear 
Head (bone). Fan Coral and other curios, for 
••triis in sets with data. THOMAS TRUM- 
J<ULL, Perkins Place, Nonivlch. Conn. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A Legerdemain cabinet 
and 320 cigarette pictures: for good U. S. or for- 
.■ign stamps. H. G. LEAVITT. 19 S. Arlington 
.\ve.. East, Orange, N. J. 

WHAT have you got to exchange for .S-V) 
Indian arrow j)oints. W, B. SCOTT. i>60 Broad 
.St.. Augusta. Ga. 

I WANT to exchange a 10 lb. font of type for 
birds' eggs or ^-i.HX Answer, as now is vour 
time. C. G. FITZGERALD. Baltimore. Md. 

I HAVE in dup. 100 sp. named shells— M. L. 
md F. W.— which I offer in exchange for named 
-hells: Marine. L^nivalves prefen-ed. Send 
istsc F. C. BROWNE. Framingham, Mass. 

TO EXCHANGE.— I have some good books. 
which I will exchange for minerals and curios- 
ities; write ff)V particulars. WILLIE R. BIRD, 
Mason Citv. Iowa. 

TO EXCHAN(iE.— Volumes 11-13 of "fiolden 
Days." a magic lantern and a collection of 
j-tamps, for "Davie's Kev" or a pair of climbing 
1ron.s. F. L. SAGE, 16 Hubbard Ave., Middle- 
•'iwn. Conn. 

WANTED to purchase for cash. Bulletins of 
he Nuttall Ornithological Club < odd numbers 
■ r conix>lete sets. > Also any other publications 
1 .latlng to N. .\. ornithology'. Write, stating 
|irke and ittndition. Should exchanK« 1h> pre- 
ti-rred. will give Baird's Birds of America (Pii- 
.iffc R. R. Reixirt vol. IX. i for iK-st offer of Bui- 
h-tlns. J. H. PLEASANTS. . In.. «(;e Cathedral 
St., Baltimore. Md. 

ANYONE having specimens or Natural His- 
tory publications of :uiy kind, that thev are 
willing to donate to the New Natural History 
Library, please .send to Natural History Library 
Association. F. L. ENGLEBERT. Secy., Des 
Moines. Iowa. 

EXCHANGE.— 175 papers of "Golden Days,"' 
AH) cigarette ctirds and shadow album, for best 
offer of firs^class eggs, or sell eaii?h separatelj-. 
All letters answered. SIGMUND H. HILL. 
Box 3."), New Milford, Conn. 

WILL EXCHANGE Vol. 3 American Journal 
of Philately, an Ocarina, and Manton's Taxi- 
dei-my, for a first>class zither. F. E. DOBSON 
7.iTi-ask Ave., Bergen Point. N. J. 

EXCHANGE.— Fossils from Iowa for Fossils, 
and also an Indian Arrow quiver, for best offer 
in Fossils or curiosities. J. M. KILVINIGTON. 
Mason City, Cerro, Gordo Co., Iowa. 

WANTED.— A Bicycle; a Safety or 4Hnch 
Victor, Jr.. preferred. Give accurate descrip- 
tion. Must be in A 1 condition. Have IW).UO 
worth of eggs to exchange. MASON GIBBES. 
r)6Pickens St., Columbisu S. C. 

TO EXCHANGE.— My new Directorv for ;»c 
in eggs; singles preferred. Only a few left. 
sen<l at once. Also a herbarium of .")!) different 
plants. Make offer for latter. LETSON BAL- 
LIET, Des Moines. Iowa. 

WANTED.— A collecting gun with outfit 
(Ma>-nard's preferred I : also books for the Nat- 
uralist and cabinet specimens of all kinds. I 
will give a New Roger's Scroll Saw, rare fos- 
sils, curios, and stamps. All answered. ROB- 
KKT A. CAMPBELL, Hanover, N. H. 

WILL EXCILVNGE collection of fifty variet- 
ies first-class eggs, mostly in sets, for 13-gauge. 
double-barrel gun or good rifle. The collection 
is worth over *4t).(K). and includes A. O. U. No.'s 
7'j. :«'.» 'i 'ri I3 '„. :»:{ 'i 'i 'i- •"«!-» M. 313 l-ii '„. 
37 1-1 I-l. 77 M. •'>fi7 'i. Send description of gun 
and receive my complete list. (Jko. H. MATH- 
EWSON. «35 Sherbrooke St., Montreal, Canada. 

1 ILW'E a lot of Star l-'ishes, frf)ni three to 
llvi' Indies, and the following books; W<X)d's 
Botanist and Florist, Pa<-kard's Elementry 
Zoology. Steele's Zoology and several other 
books on Natural History, to exchange for 
Indian Kelics. Write stating what vou have 
and your exchange price. JOHN B. PERRINE, 
Valparaiso, lad. 



i EXCHANGE.—! have $14 worth of tirst-class 
X^, Vfith data, int'lucUng 1-6, 367. 1-5. 366, which 
^ -^rish to exchange for a li-J-cal. rifle; Steven's 
pocket or Winchester preferred. Chas. C. 
TREMBLY, 33 Noyes St., Utica, N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— .tO No. "Youth's Compan- 
ion." 50 No. Frank Leslie's illustrated news- 
paper, one vol. "St. Nicholas." for the bestofler 
In climbing? irons, strapped, or flrst-class eggs 
in sets. WALTER JOHNSOrJ, 1^ W, Brooli 
St., Galesburg. 111. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Ten cigarette albums. Ave 
whole collections of cards. .tOO tobacco tags 
neatly put on a covered board, for eggs in sin- 
gles. Send vour price-list and receive mine. 
JOHN KINGSLEY. 10 Elm St., Rutland, Vt 

WANTED.— A pair of Climbers. Will give 
In exchange $2.50 worth of first-class single 
eggs. Will also exchange a 42-inch Improved 
Otter Bicvcle, for books on Ornithology and a 
set of Taxidermist's tools. GEORGE H. 
SHERIDAN, West Union Avenue, Chestnut 
Hill. Philadelphia, Penn. 

EXCHANGE No. 3 Kodak Camera, cash value 
HO.OO, Juno Safety Bicvcle. cash value $30.00. 
Oxford Pocket Collecting Gun. cash value $5.00. 
Wanted for the above. Good Bird Dog. broken. 
Cabinet, Winchester Repeating Rifle, Eggs in 
sets with data or Skins. Write urst. 
E. B. PECK. Clifton Springs, N. Y. 

500 COCOONS of the Cecropia (largest N. A. 
Moth) and 50 of the Prometha all alive: for 
anything pertaining to Birds. WILL D. RICH- 
ARDSON, 1116 Washington Boul.. Chicago, 

TO EXCHANGE.— Bird Skins of this local- 
ity : for Skins of others. HENRY HILLYER. 
No. 9.54 Green St., Augusta Ga. 

WANTED.— Collectors make money selling 
our Hame Strap. Good proof, a'ou are not 
after "specimens." See Ad. on another page. 

ONE Sand Dollar for every photogi-aph of 
Actress, or every 5 cigarette pictures of Actres- 
ses, or every two papers on Oology. Box 974. 
Bath. Me. 

4 VOL.S. Youth's Companion. Fossils. Geodes. 
Minerals, Stamps and Indian Relics; to ex- 
change for first-class Sets, Climbers, or Taxi- 
dermists' outfit. B. H. BLANTON, Frankfort, 

WANTED— To collect California Birds in 
meat this coming spring for Eggs in Sets. 

I WILL give $20 in Bird Skins for a good $10 
or $15 TjT)ewriter. $40 worth for a good Hawk- 
eye or Kodak Camera, write and receive list of 
Skins. Wm. BERMAN, 1050 Ingraham St., Los 
Angeles, Cal. 

I HAVE Winchester Shot-gun, new. 
for sale, $3.25 worth of eggs, for 22 cal. Rifle. 
Maynard's Naturalists' Guide, few coins and 
Anin>al Album, for Sets with data. Write me 
for particulars. A. G. POTTER, 438 S. 24th 
Ave., Omaha, Neb. 

WANTED.— Indian Arrowheads; I will ex- 
change a collection of 260 varieties Postage 
Stamps for best offer of the above. PERCY 
SMITH, Box 143, Simcoe. Ontario. 

your cast off clothing. Can offer for same, rare 
eggs. Books by standard authors, a shot-gun 
(B. L.,) a double action. 32 revolver botanical 
specimens, a pair of Climbers, etc. Address. 
CLARENCE RILLE, Des Moines. Iowa. 

TO EXCHANGE.— The follo'n-ing Cigarette 
Albums: Governor Album. Terrors of America, 
Ruler Album and Co.stume Album, for best 
offer of Birds' Eggs (single. ) E. ROSENTHAL 
Swepsonville, Almance Co.. N. C. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Fifty varieties of fine cab- 
inet minerals : for egjgs in sets, including Lilac 
Wernerite. Wernerite xld. Chiastolite xld. 
Green Talc, etc. GEO. L. BRIGHAM, Boltor, 

FOR EXCHANGE.— Stop! Look! A collec- 
tion of Birds' Eggs, worth $14.00: will exchange 
for best offer of fire arms of any decription. 
within the next 20 days. W^hat an offer. All 
letters answered at once. Address. J. A. Stew- 
art. Covington. Newton Co., Ga. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A Gold Watch bran new, 
A Philadelphia Gold filed cases with nickled 
works warranted for 15 years ; for best offer of 
Birds' Eggs or stamps. For full description of 
watch, enclose 2c stamp and address. WILLIS 
N. FLEMING. Natick Mass. 

PERFECT King Crab, for six arrowpoints. 
Perfect Crab Shed for six arrowpoints. three 
.Skate's eg,Ts for one arrowpoint. Above five 
for War Club or knife. Sea curriosities. for 
Indian Relics. ROLLIN T. TOMS. Stamford. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A new compound Micro- 
scope, magnifies 3400 times with one prepared 
object, forceps, etc.. all complete, packed in 
polished mahogany case, valued at $2.25: for a. 
good set of Taxidermists' instruments in first- 
class condition. ARTHUR L. POPE, McMinn- 
villle. Oregon. 

LOUIS T. MERWIN. 1113 Jefferson St.. Oak- 
land. Cala.. would like to become acquainted 
with parties interested in Ornithology and 
Oology living in Oakland. Berkeley, or Alame- 

TO EXCHANGE.— 320 Varieties Stamps. U. 
S. and foreign, in album, worth $6 or $8 ; for a 
S. and W. or Colts 22 cal. revolver in good con- 
dition. Address. R. P. Cooke. Clay Hill Acd.. 
Millwood. Clarke Co.. Virginia. 

WANTED.— To collect Eggs during the com- 
ing season for advanced collectors or dealers: 
egg cabinet, rifle, tennis racquet. Ornithologi- 
cal books wanted in exchange. HARRY S, 
DAY. 1459. Buckland Ave.. Fremont. Ohio. 

FOR SALE.— A good Smith and Weston 
Ranger 22 long Revolver, only been used a few 
times, self acting seven shooter, heavely nickel 
plated, rose-wood handle. Will sell for best 
cash offer. All letters with enclosed stam]j 
answered. CARL C. AMBROSE, 4^5 Clark St.. 
Evanston. 111. 

I HAVE a volumn of a paper published at 
Utica. N. Y., in 1832. Bound and in fair condi- 
tion ; also a number of rare old books and some 
polished stones from northern Michigan to ex- 
change for Herkimer Co. crystals or shells. 
JOSEPH ANDERSON, 131 Allen St., Muske- 
gon, Mich, 

r8^ Exchanges and Wants continued on second 
Inside cover page. 



ALBION, N. Y., MARCH, 189 L 

No. 3 

A New Year's Soliloquy. 

'Tis New Yoai's day, ami aruuucl 
mau3' of our homes the snow, covers 
hill and ilale, and perhaps is falling 
fast, while around others, the greeu 
valley and hills lie before us, and there 
we find the many birds who have left 
their colder clime for the milder. 

How many of us to night sit by the 
open fire place, and with slippered feet 
against the fender, we are looking over 
and studying the many notes found in 
our note book of years past, and then 
we pause a moment in those fond recol- 
lections, and our thougiits wander into 
the future and we wonder what the 
coming year of '91 has in store for us. 

For the earnest and careful student, 
of ornithology, this year will bring its 
many surprises as has the past. 

For what can be more pleasant, than 
when out on some pleasant morning's 
stroll you stumble (I say stumble for 
this is the way we often come across 
our most favorite finds) upon some 
pretty warbler's nest hitherto unknown 
to you. 

This is a surprise indeed, and our 
hearts seem fairly to leap up in our 
throats as the saying goes, as we sit 
down, and write a few hasty notes, 
thinking to recall the rest when we get 

But alas we were to hasty, for when 
we get home, after collecting a dozen 
sets perhaps, we find we cannot recall 
definitely which it was that had a cer- 
tain peculiarity, and in this way loose 
many valuable points and facts. 

Therefure I say, do not be so hasty 
when you go into the field, take plenty 
of timo !,avc a roomy uate book and 
lake down all facts as they appeared 
and if you collect but one set on your 
trip it will be of more valr.e '.han the 
dozen otherwise collected. 

If you find a nest with which you are 
not acquainted, do not take it but wait 
until you can procure the bird, for by 
so doing you have a positive identifica- 
tion, which can in no other way be se- 
cured, and when once gotten can never 
be disputed. 

Not only Avill you work be a pleasure 
and benefit to you, but to others who 
perchance may not have had the benefit 
or advantages which nature has given 

And again I say collect fewer sets 
and be more thorough, in the coming- 
no— in the present year of 1891. 

After wandering so aimlessly over 
ray subject we will again return, to 
where you or I perhaps together with a 
friend are seated by the open fire place, 
and comparing our notes books of the 
old year. 

Oh, yes, and here as wc turn to page 
20, we note: 

701, Ginchis mcricanus. 

Water Ouzel. 

First nest found June 2, containing 4 
eggs, incubation slight; color pure 
white; size .97 x .62. Nest placed on 
shelf of perpendicular rock about 15 ft. 
above water, and nest made of moss, 
round with an entrance on side. A 
hai'd climb and fall. 

Thus you pause a moment ami after 
addressing your friends peihaps .some- 
what like this, you say: 

Yefi, I remember well, what a time I 
had securing this set and nest. As the 
rocks were nearly perpendicular and 
directly above water, I secured a long 
stout pole and placing it slantingly I 
began my ascent, but oh! when near 
the top, by some queer freak the pole 
suddenly turns and T find myself in 
the bottom of the creek. Picking my. 
self up, although somewliat wet, I 
again try the experiment and this (ime 




succeed, and reaching the nost, passing 
my ringer in, I discover 4 eggs. 

This is all; my story is told, and only 
those of you Avho are earnest students 
can imagine or have realized the feeling 
I had, in this my lirst find of the Water 

And thus it is (as we turn over page 
after page of our note book, each tell- 
ing a story in connection Avith our 
facts,) that we spend so many pleasant 
winter evenings, and long again for the 
spring and summer day, when the 
feathered warblers will again make 
their home with us, and give to us new 
stores of valuable information. 

Wishing you all a prosperous new 
year, I remain 

Dk. a. G. Prill, 
Siveet Home, Oregon. 

An Ornithological Paradise- 

May 19, 1890 presented to my view as 
I opened my bedroom window, an 
almost matchless morning. A cloud- 
less sky into which the sun was just 
gliding, a gentle breeze stirring the 
maple leaves, and the jieculiar fresh- 
ness that spring alone can otter. A 
splendid day for the woods, so after a 
hasty breakfast I take my gun, car- 
tridges and fish creel and step across 
the I'oad to hitch up the horse. Even 
this early my luck begins for in a small 
white birch I espy a fine male Cape 
May Wai'bler; rather risky to shoot in 
the city but the rarity of the bird seems 
to warrant it scj a light load is his des- 
truction. In tlie apple trees around 
the barn arc two Tennessee Warblers 
but these are left unharmed. 

After a drive of two miles in the 
slushy mud of the city streets I at last 
emerge into the countrj' and far ahead 
view my destination, a large clump of 
pines. Near a farm house I see a pair 
of Orchard Orioles, the male Avarbling 
his pretty song; farther along thi'ec 
brilliant Scarlet Tanagers are indulg- 

ing in a free fight over an olive colored 
maiden while a Red-bellied Nuthatch 
toots away in a])plause. In a few 
moments I am hitching securely to a 
small tamaiMck and am just ready to 
start when I notice a female Yellow 
Warbler fly into a clump of bushes 
fifty yards away. Even at thatdistance 
something peculiar in her movements 
arrested my attention and approaching 
nearer I am delighted to see that it is a 
male Wilson's Black-capped Warbler. 
I notice that his movements are rather 
deliberate and that he is shy, but fear- 
ing an escape I suspend further inves- 
tigation and shoot him at once. In the 
bushes the Golden-winged Warblers 
are everwhere uttering a harsh "ehe 
tzny tzay Izay'' while the common birds 
faii'ly fill the air with their melody. In 
all this medley of sound I distinguish a 
new song proceeding from the lower 
branch of a young elm; my note book 
gives the following version: "A clear 
sweet song, exquisitely modulated, 
resembling the syllables, chera che 
chern che che che'"'' The little perform- 
er is between me and the sun so no 
alternative is given to the death of the 
songster; somewhat to my surprise I 
find I have secured a male Maryland 

Then comes the pines. How delight- 
ful they are! Pushing through a pro- 
tecting barrier of raspberry vines I 
stand within the grand cathedral of 
Nature. A dim semi-twilight pervades 
the place through which lofty colnmns 
fade away into distance. A solemn 
hush in the air, even the footsteps ai'e 
deadened by the soft carpet of needles, 
r^est all might seem bare and desolate a 
multitude of vines twine delicate forms 
about the feet. Lest all might seem 
lifeless hundreds of voices of Nature 
sing a beautiful hymn of praise. Here 
the Ovenbild supplicates with his meth- 
odical chant, "teach me teach me;" 
here the Hermit Thrush rolls forth his 
grand and soul stiring hymn; here the 



Grouse booms on a falleu tvunk iu ris- 
ing cadence. It seems that if a person 
coukl understand all this, could enter 
into the spirit of the place, he would 
have gained Paradise. 

Much as [ would like to linger yet 
hosts of Warbler voices in the woods 
beyond call nie onward and I am soon 
in the thick of battle. Magnolia War- 
blers have begun to sing, something 
that I believed they never did in this 
latitude; in the small evergi'eeus the 
■Canatliau and Nashville 'Warblers are 
in full song, so my note book and fish 
creel are rapidly filling. Black-throat 
Blue Warblers have begun their quaint 
'^che che che che z-u-we e c e c".in the 
maple woods. Far away the Avhistles 
blow for noon so I return to my start- 
ing point, shooting the first Crested 
Flj'catcher of the season on the way. 
After my return home I lind my brother 
has siiot a female Cape May Warbler, 
perhaps the mate of mine, near the 

Stewart E White, 
Grand Rapids (Kent Co.,) Mich. 

"The English Sparrow Must Go." 

In the last number of The Oologist, 
Mr. B. S. Bowdish. of Phelps, N. Y., 
very ably expressed himself in an arti- 
cle headed, "Now, — the time to wage 
war on the English Sparrow." Mr. 
Bowdish strikes the nail squai'ely on 
the head when he says "now," is the 
time. "Behold now is the accepted 
day," might be the motto of every orni- 
thologist and collector in our country 
would the}- but arouse them.selves to 
to action. "Now" is the time, not only 
because each and every spring brings a 
decided increase in the myraid hosts of 
these, the .destroyers of "avine happi- 
ness," but this season of the jear is 
peculiarly suitable for a war upon this 
troublesome pest. As Mr. B. says dur- 
ing the winter season this one species 
is left almost entirely alone, and jjres- 

ents itself an isolated object to our 
raids— for raids they should be. 

Now any sort of weapon that will kill 
at short range can be used in this exter- 
mination, but about the handiest and 
cheapest we know of is a 22 calibre 
rille using B B caps. This is not only 
effective but almost noiseless, scarcely 
any sound being made in the discharge, 
consequently there can be no objection 
from any one in regard to the noise, 
and the sparrows can be reached in 
their haunts even in the midst of the 
city. In a certain city in Indiana 
where these birds were very numerous 
I have used these caps with telling 
effect right around the business part of 
town and no objections to my shooting 
were raised. 

Only two years ago, on coming into 
this town for the first time, I remarked 
about the small number of English 
sparrows there were here. To-day 
their number has increased 150 per cent 
from what it was at that time. This is 
only one of many instances of their 
rapid growth, and this growth, if not 
soon checked, will end disastrously to 
the songsters in our locality. 

Let us one and all prepare for action 
and at once exert all our forces to rid 
our communities of these intruders and 
thus befriend the bird creation by des- 
ti'oying their chief enemy. 

Guy M. Wells. 
Gibbson, Neb. 

Fond Mothers- 

Whether walking in the field or in 
the forest, in the meadow or by the 
brook side, one cannot help but notice 
the peculiarites of instinct manifest in 
animal life. 

This is in all jn'obabilites more notic- 
al)le in birds becausej^they are more 
domestic and more is seen of them. At 
any rate the instinct which leads birds 
to the protection of their eggs and 
young is truly sublime. 



If the uest of the Whip-poor-will be 
discoverod, the owner immediately re- 
moves the eggs to a place of greater 
>afety by taking them in his or her cap 
aeions mi)iith and flying off with them. 

Imagine yourself if you can, for the 
time being, walking in the meadow on 
a bright sunny afternoon in early sum- 
mer. You notice the wild flowers nod- 
ding to you as you pass as if they were 
bowing to welcome you to their home. 
You hear the songsters pouring forth 
their little hymn and anthems. 

As you walk along musing on all the 
glories of Nature and listening to the 
warl)lors in the neighboring hedges, 
you are suddenly surprised to see just 
in front of you that well known and 
respected little fowl the quail, Avhile 
running about her in all directions are 
to be seen the members of her numer- 
ous family, each not much larger than 
an English walnut; but possessing an 
untold amount of activity. At a cry 
from Mrs. Quail you know that you 
have been discovered and each little 
quail scurries off to the nearest place of 
refuge. On a second look you see poor 
Mrs. Quail tumbling about like a decapi- 
tated chicken. D You think she is hurt 
and hurry forward to take|^her prisoner 
(the usual first impulse of man) but as 
you approach shej jumps along awk- 
wardly trying to elude your grasp, still 
you follow her, when suddenly she 
jumbs to her feet and is off with the 
swiftness of an arrow. For a moment 
you stand in mute astonishment and 
then turn to secnre the little ones, 
which you are surprised you have not 
stepped on. But on a close examina- 
tion you see they are 'no where to be 
found. You havej been' [decoyed into 
following the parent and the offspring 
has made good their escape. 

The Black-headed Plover of Africa 
when it observes any^ one approaching 
its nest will, with a dexterous move- 
ment of the feet, entirely cover the egg: 
with sand and tlu n, with its head high 

in the air, will walk about with as 
much dignity as a stork as though it 
would say "Sir, if you are looking for 
a nest you are in the wrong country.'' 
The Pigmy Swift builds its nests by 
curling up the tip of a leaf on a species 
of palm tree. This shallow nest swing- 
ing at the top of one the tallest of trees 
you would naturally think a very in- 
secure repositoiy for the peai'ly eggs, 
for the slightest breath of wind would 
be sure to dislodge them. Ah! but the 
fond mother' has also thought of this 
and prevents it bj' sticking each egg 
down to the bottom of the nest with the 
glutenous saliva which is secreted by so 
many of this species. 

D, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Passenger Pigeon. 

Editor Oologist: 

Why is it that we hear so little about 
the Passenger Pigeon? I am sure some 
of the readers of the Oologist would 
like to learn something in regard to the 
present status of this famous bird. Can 
someone tell us anything about its pres- 
ent breeding place? or is it now so 
nearly extinct that it has no regular 
roosts or nesting places such as we 
used to see in Wisconsin and Michigan, 
where I have seen millions upon mil- 
lions of them in perfect clouds so thick 
as to darken the face of the earth. 

I notice in some accounts that it is a 
question whether this pigeon ever 
breeds alone in pairs, and in this con- 
nection I would say that in 1876 I found 
a nest, containing one perfectly fresh 
egg, in an oak tree about thirty feet 
from the ground in a strip of woodland 
near Waukegan, Ills. I distinctly saw 
the bird leave the nest and could easily 
have killed it had I had a gun. The 
egg is of rather a dull white and 
measures 1.50 x 1.05. It is still in my 
collection. At another time a friend 
and myself while hunting in the woods 
along the Des Plaines river in Lake Co., 



Ills., discovevocl a uest and my friend 
shot the bird ou the nest (the female.) 
Upon investigation we found two well- 
incubated eggs — one of them had been 
broken by the shot, the other I still 
have. There must be many other cases 
where these birds have been found nest- 
ing in single pairs; and there can be no 
doubt but what they do. Up to the 
year 1884 the flights of these pigeons in 
migrating, as seen both in spring and 
fall, passing along the lake shore near 
Waukegan, was sometimes wonderful. 
Man}' times as I have watched the 
countle^s numbers have I wondered 
where they all came from; but after 
having seen one of their breeding places 
I wondered no longer. 

During these flights the woods afford- 
ed fine sport for us young hunters, and 
many a time have I shot from fifty to 
one hundred before breakfast. I i-e- 
member one time shooting at a single 
pigeon in a burr-oak and killing nine, 
the tree was simplj' alive with them, 
although I saw but one on account of 
the foliage. 

Now a pigeon is never seen in this 
locality, when but a few years ago they 
were so abundant. Is it a fact that the 
Passenger Pigeon is nearly extinct? and 
are we destined soon to speak of it only 
as a bii'd of the past. I do not think it 
possible that when less than a decade 
ago they were so abundant they can 
possibly be now near extinction. They 
must have their breeding places still; 
perhaps in the far north, perhaps in the 
west, can anyone tell? if so, let us hear 
from you. 

W. B. Porter, 


The Oologist. 

Every egg-collector should be a sub- 
scriber of at least one magazine devoted 
to the study of birds and especially 
their eggs. The comparatively small 
iiumber^puljlished renders the selection 

of a favoi'ite no dillicult task. There 
are, however, certain points to be con- 
sidered before any choice can be safely 
arrived at. 

In the first place, the collector must 
decide upon the relative value to him- 
self of the several publications. Then, 
too, if his means are limited the ques- 
tion of price as well as availability 
comes up. Hence that magazine that 
combines cheapness with reliability at 
once commends itself l)oth to the 
young and advanced student of orni- 

At the solicitation of no one, 1 can 
reccomend, as the direct result of per- 
sonal observation, The Oologist as 
the magazine for the collector. Nay, 
more. I hold it indispensable to the 
live collector, in that it opens its col- 
umns to the communications of those 
inexperienced in writing. By that I 
mean that we contributors do not re- 
tain any bit of ornithological news that 
might prove interesting to our fellow- 
subscribers, because we feel that our 
article does not teem with beautiful 
expressions or the choicest of words. 
Thus many A'aluable facts are disclosed 
and preserved that might otherwise 
have been lost. 

The special efforts of late, of the pub- 
lisher, Mr. Lattin, to improve The Oo- 
logist, have not been without success 
as its many readers can testify. Not- 
withstanding this, more is promised, 
if, through our co-operation, the list of 
subscribers is to any extent inci-eased. 
An Observer, 
Wethersfield, Conn. 

A Correction • 
Edilor Oologist: 

A little mistake appeared in my ar- 
lich^ which I would like corrected (Fly- 
catcher N<}tes, P. 28.) Tile date on 
which I collected four .'-ets of Wood 
Pew«;e should be Aug. .id instead of 

Aug 30, '89. 

EuwAuu P. Carlton. 

Madison, Wis. 




A Monthly Magazine Devoted to 



CorrespondPiice and Items ol Interest to th> 
student or lilids. Uielr Nesta and Kj^tTS, sollvlKsi 
troin all. 

Single Subscription, - - 50c per annum 
Sample Copies. ----- ."c e;ioli 
The above rat es Include paj-ment of postage by us 

Send stamp for Premium Ust. 

All BUbscriptlons must bepln with either jM<tnrs 

or July Issues. 

rw- T^emember that the publisher must be no 

titled by letter when a sub-crlber wlslies tus p.i. 

per stopped, und all arrearages muht be paid. 


15 cts. !ier agate line each Inseriion. ItiM-ra- 
dlscounts'will be allowed on large and contiiuuO 
advertl.semeuts. Send copy for apccuil rales. 

Remittances should be made by Draft, Kxpiess 
or Post omce Money Order, Keglstered l.etier or 
Postal Note. Unused U. S. Postage Stamps of any 
denomination will be accepted for sums under one 
dollar. Make Money Orders and Drafts payable 
and addrtsss all subscilptlons and commuulca- 
tlona to FRANK H. LATTIN, 

Albion, Orleans Co., jn. Y. 

%• Articles, Items of Interest and Queries 
for publuaiion should te foi warded as eariy U' 
the month as possible 


Oaracara or Mexican Eagle. 

(Polyboros aiiaiiboni.) 

This useful bird is quite common iu 
this sectiou of tlie state. I have also 
found them quite abundant on the Gulf 
Coast, associating with the Black and 
Turkey Vultures. 

Their plumage is very attractive — 
the white and black being sharply de- 
fined — while the yellow of the cere and 
feet contrasts very nicely. 

A friend of mine has collected several 
sets of two and three eggs annually for 
several j^ears from the same pair and 
same nest. 

The nest of this pair is placed in a 
low scrubby tree and is composed of 
coarse branches laid loosely together 
forming quite a bulky affair. 

On Sept. 12, '90, I shot a beautiful 
specimen, one shot passing through his 
head and one of his eyes, thinking him 
dead, I put him into a sack, — next 
morning I found him out in the yard; 
on approaching he left for parts un- 
known. Hying as if hot lead was an 
every-day diet. 

"Blue-Gray Gnatcatchers" and Hum- 
mers have visited us in great number.s 
last season. 

I would like to hear from other col- 
lectors of the Lone Star State through 
the columns of the Oologist or by cor- 

S. W. Parish, 
Calvert, Texas. 

The Cooper's Hawk. 

What collector, who on passing be- 
neath tiie spreading branches of the 
sycamore or the tall chestnut tree which 
seems to touch the very heavens, with 
collectiug box at his side and irons 
strapped to Ids back, has not seen cir- 
cling high above his head the graceful 
and even beautiful figure of the Cooper 

This handsome bird although not so- 
large, bj' several inches, as the Red- 
tailed Hawk, is to my eyes jiositively, 
far more grand and imposing. It may 
be thtit my closer attention to the Coop- 
er's Hawk givesme that impression, but 
I am quite certain that anyone who has 
made himself acquainted with the true 
character of each will agree with me. 

When out collecting one day last 
May, I got a shot at a Cooper's Hawk, 
but did nothing more than to wound it 
slightly in the wing. It fell to the 
ground, however, and after a short 
chase (for although Avounded, yet it flut- 
tered along the ground), I came up with 
it. When I put my hand towards the 
hawk, it immediately lay on its back 
and drew its claws in close to its body. 
I did no) expect anything, but when I 
tried to take it up, its claws flew out. 



with such force as to open the l)ack of 
my left hand, and leaving a scar when 
it healed, about two inches long, which 
I have to this day. 

I took out my handkerchief, and after 
throwing it over the hawk's head so 
that he could not see, I put one hand 
around his legs and the other around 
his throat, and iu about half of an hour 
he had a new home in the shape of an 
unused pigeon loft. 

The Cooper's Hawk feeds upon mice, 
rats, etc , with now and then a bird for 
a change. I have seen Cooper Hawks 
attempt to catch quail and i-abbits, but 
they invariably lose them by their in- 
tended prey taking refuge under brush- 
wood. I have no doul>t, however, that 
quail are caught sometimes when the 
hawk is hard pressed by hunger. 

The Cooper's Hawk generally laj'S four 
or five pale blue, unblutched eggs; but I 
have a set of six in my collection which 
are all blotched more or less with bi-ick- 
red colorings, two of the set being very 
handsome eggs, the colorings being so 
dark and clear. The hawk is very shy 
and is never seen close to his nest until 
after the eggs are hatched. 

If a person attempts to rob a nest of 
its young, then the hawk will circle just 
above his head and utter whistles or 
screams in high notes, and try to draw 
away the thief's attention from the ob- 
ject in quest. 

Edwaud Fl'lleu, 
Norwich, Conn. 

Some Early Winter Bird3 of Linn Co-, Oregon. 

List of birds observed at Sweet Home, 
Ore. during Oct., Nov. and Dec, 1800 
and Jan, 1891. A. O. U. Nos. 

40a Pacific Kittiwake Gull, lii.'^m tri- 
(lacfyln jw/iirriris. Onespecimen secured 
on Dec. 16, '90. Very uncommon in 
this locality. This bird was found dead 
near the Santiam River. 

132 Mallard, Anas hosrlms. Occa- 
sionally seen in Hocks of six or seven. 

174 Black Hrant, Branla nigricans. 

One specimen shot on Dec. 4, '90, but 
many seen Hying over during migrat- 
ing season, usually in Oct. and Nov. 

194 Great Blue Heron, Ardea hero- 
dias. Quite common and seen along 
the rivers and large. creeks. It breeds 
in this vicinity, a pair being located 
about every half mile along the wooded 
districts, building their nest in the high 

230 Wilson's Sm\w,GaUinago delicata. 
Seen in Jan. in Hocks of five to twenty, 
in low marshy ground. Occasionally a 
single bird is only found. They are not 
generally found iu the same feeding 
grounds on two consecutive days, but 
on the third will probably be seen there 
again. It is a bii'd swift of flight and 
hard to shoot. 

297a Sooty Grouse, Dcndragapus ob- 
scuriiHj'idiyinosus. Seen last in Oct.. 
when they ascend far ba(;k and high uj) 
in the mouutains, returning in April or 
May, when we are first aware of their 
presence by the hooting of the males, 
high up in the fir trees. 

300c Oregon Rufted Grouse, Bonasa 
umbc/his sabini. Very common and a 
favorite game bird. 

325 Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura. 
Two birds seen Dec. 20, "90, not com- 
mon during winter. 

360 Am. Sparrow Hawk, Falco Spar- 
vcrius. Seen occasionally sitting on 
some fence in watch for field mice etc. 

375a Western Horned Owl, Bubo vir- 
ginianus snbardiciis. Very abundant 
and seen the entire winter except at 
present date, when they have receded 
to some dense firs to breed. 

3'JO Belted Kingfisher, Ccryle alcyon. 
Quite common a'ong rivers and small 

292 Mountain Quail, Oreorty pieties. 
Very common and may be seen in flocks 
of live to twenty in their favorite feed- 
ing grounds whii!h is generally near 
some small stream, picferabk! covered 
with dense underbrush, but sometimes 
scon in the open fields and if in severe 



weather come into the gardens and 
barn-yai-ds in quest of food. At thess 
times many are caught in traps. 

405 Pileated Woodpecker, Ceophlceus 
piteattm. Seen occasionally in the dense 
wooded tlistricts. A very retired spe- 

413 Red-shafted Ficker, Colaptes ca- 
fer. Exceedingly common the whole 

485 Oregon Jay, Pen'sorcns obscunis. 
Very common. The plumage of this 
bird is less brilliant than its eastern 
relative, the Blue Jay. 

486 Am. Raven, Corvus corn sinuatus. 
A few seen, generally near some dead 
carcas. Measurements of one specimen 
secured by me was Alar spread four 
feet, length 26 inches. They breed 
mostly in J^astern Orogon. 

501b Western Meadow Lark, Slum- 
ella magna ncglecta. Very common, 
seen in small flocks the entire season. 

581e Rusty Long S})arrow, Melospiza 
fasciatd guttata. Quite common, gen- 
erally seen in the early morning. 

588l> Oregon Towhee, Pipilo macula- 
ttis orcgonus. Oregon Ground Robin, 
as it is familiarly known here is very 
abundant and may be seen in almost 
any thick hedge or brush heap. 

722a Western Winter Wren, Troglo- 
dytes hiemalis pacificus. Quite com- 
mon in tlie partially cleared districts, 
and seen mostly near some small 

761a Western Robin, Merula migra- 
toria j}ropinqua. Very plentiful and 
seen the whole season, especially in the 
early morning, when they may be seen 
in larger numbers, leaving their nest- 
ing place. I have observed several 
Robin roosts in this locality. 

762 Mountain Robin, occasionally 
.seen in snudl flocks in montainous re- 
gions and in dense fir groves. This 
l;ii'd is exceedingly sly. 

701 Am. Dipi)er, C'inclus mexicanus. 
Quite plenty along the rivers and small 
streams, where they may be seen stand- 

ing on some rock just covered with 
water, bobbing up and down in an ex- 
ceedingly grotesque manner. 

767 Bluebird, Sialia mexicanits. Ob- 
served in Nov., '90 generally in pairs, 
but uncommon at this date. This bird 
much resembles the Eastern Blue Bird, 
only being much lighter in color. 

*** Cala. Crow, Crvous americanufi 
hesperis. Very common. Seen the en- 
tire season and in large numbers. 

Several species of Woodpeckers were 
also observed, but not being sufficiently 
acquainted with them I omit them from 
above list. Also a few Nuthatchs and 

Dr. a. G. Phill, 
Sweet Home, Ore. 

Broad-winged Hawk. 
( Biitco lati^sin us.) 

The Broad-winged Hawk is generally 
distributed over the eastern portion of 
North America, but seems nowhere 
common. It prefers the low swampj' 
woods for breeding and feeds mostly 
on frogs, and small quadrupeds, occa- 
sionally varying its diet with a small 

This Hawk is much more easy to ap- 
proach than is the Red-shouldered or 
Red-tailed, and is prosecuted fully as 
much by the farmers, who know all 
Hawks as "Chicken" and '"Hen-hawks" 
and show no mercy to any. It is prob- 
able that when all the Hawks have been 
driven away or exterminated, the far- 
mer will awaken to the fact that Hawks 
are of some use, but it is useless to 
argue this point with them, for they 
will at once launch oS" into yarns about 
devastated poultry yards, and still con- 
tinue to punish Buteo for the capers of 
the wily Accipiter. 

Tlie measurements of the egg of this 
bird are greatly overestimated by au- 
thors, being given by one as from 2 x 
1.70 to 2.15 X 1.73 inches. Dr. Coues, in 
his "Key" gives measurements as 2.00 x 
1.60 Langille, in "Oiu- Birds in Their 



Haunts," gives measuremeuts as 2.10 x 
1.65. Davie in fourth edition of liis 
check-list gives measurements as 1.90 x 
1.50. I think Davie tlie more nearly 

As I havf said before, this bird pre- 
fers a low swampy wood near a stream 
of water, and Mud Creek, near Utica, 
answers all requirements. The creek 
proper is not muddy, but near it is a 
swampj' wood, which contains about as 
much mud to the acre as could be 
found. In this or a neighboring wood, 
a pair of Broad-winged Hawks have 
nested for many years. 

Mr. F. J. Davis, of this city, first 
found them nesting in Mud Creek in 
1873, and since then has robbed them 
many times, often twice in a single 
season, and still they do not leave. 

In this section thev prefer birch or 
beech trees, but have been found nest- 
ing in pine, hemlock and elm. 

Two 3'ears ago I found an Am. 
Crow's nest in Mud Creek wood, con- 
taining four eggs. May 2, 1890 I was 
walking through the wood with an 
oological friend, and chancing to think 
of the Crow's nest, I instinctively 
turned my steps in that direction, and 
on approaching the nest was surprised 
to see a Broad-winged Hawk in the act 
of leaving the wood, having slipped 
from the other side of the nest on my 

You may suppose I lost no time in 
ascending to the nest, and found three 
la.vender gray eggs, spotted and 
blotched with fawn chestnut and um- 
ber-brown. Unfortunately in descend- 
ing I broke one. 

Chas. C. Trembly, 
Utica, N. y. 

The Extinction of Our Birds- 

In no wa3' do our forests show us so 
l>lainly how much we are indebted to 
them for evenness of temperature and 
rain fall ihroufjliout the vear than when 

a wooded country, covered with "the 
forest primeval," gives way before the 
industrious white man's axe. Spring 
freshets and summer drouths of the 
streams whose perennial springs the 
forests fed are the common occurrence. 
That such changes have taken place, 
t-ausing great damage, no one can denj-. 
Congress, even, has been called upon to 
protect the water supply of our rivers. 
Besides this American push is draining 
our swamps, irrigating deserts, level- 
ling hills, changing the courses of rivers, 
and building up as if by magic great 
cities when but a few years ago waved 
the farmers' harvests, or Natiu-e, in all 
her beauty, held high carnival and dis- 
closed her teachings to but a sacred 

The two great factors in this move- 
ment are steam and electricity. These 
changes have had a noticable aflfect on 
all animal life, and birds especially, 
causing species in some cases to change 
their habits almost entirely, others to 
shift about and appear in new localities, 
and some to decrease in number. But 
with all these more or less indirect hin- 
drances man has placed checks on cer- 
tain species in a more direct waj'. 
Torrey says: "Every creature no mat- 
ter how brave, has some other creature 
to be afraid of; otherwise how would 
the world get on?" Probally many 
birds count man as their worst enemy. 
States have passed bounty laws on cer- 
tain species which occur within their 
boundaries, thought to be harmful, but 
it is a debatable question as to whether 
they have received the benefit the out- 
lay of such an amount of money ought 
to bring. It is certainly no easy task 
to tell which are useful and which are 
detrimental, and so complicated is thc! 
evidence that one oftciti finds that a cer- 
tain species, which he suppo.sed detri- 
mental, after studying their ways prove 
beneficial, (ieneraily it might \n'. said 
that Inrds which feed on detrimental 
plants, noxious moUusks, crustaceans 



aud worms, caiiion, and injurious 
mammals, are benelicial; again, birds 
which feed on benoticia] plants, shrews, 
moles, bats, other beneficial birds and 
eggs, benelicial insects, carrion worms, 
beuilical worms, spiders, and myra- 
pods, are detrimental. Yes who would 
say that because a certain species lived 
for a time on food which might make it 
for the time being harmful it must l)e 
harmful no matter how much good it 
might do at other times; hence every 
one should make war against it? If 
such wei'e the case one robin would 
have to be called detrimental on ac- 
count of the fruit and earthworms he 
eats. The food, which a bird eals, 
varies at different stages of the bird's 
life, at different seasons of the j'ear. 
and to a great extent in different local- 
ities. Some birds during migration are 
a sore trouble to raisers of crops, but it 
must be taken into ac(-ount that this 
does not last forever, and that it may- 
be in their northern homes they are 
more than paying for the damage they 
may create elsewhere. 

A state, therefore, can not affoi-d to 
offer a bounty on a species whose ident- 
ity is not exceedingly general, for the 
verdict: "Weighed aud found want- 
ing," must only be rendered after all 
the eviilence gathered by the many has 
been thoroughly sifted by the state. 
The farmer; who keeps his gun loaded 
for "hen-hawk.s," aud who cannot dis- 
tinguish the species of hawks common 
to his locality, will not be able to brins 

for days are stories of the past. In ray 
locality ihe Partridge has chosen to 
rear her young amid the secrecy of our- 
tamarae swamps, that is near their- 
edges. I know of two nests having- 
been taken in one of the thickest parts 
of the swamp. The Am. Woodcock is. 
also fast disappearing in this vicinity 
except in the most secluded places. It. 
is certain that of some game birds the- 
number shot evei-y year must ajiproachi 
very near the number reared; and when, 
we know how many of our water birds: 
are disturbed in their haunts during the 
period of incubation is it surprising; 
that we constantly hear of sportsmen 
petitioning our legisbitnresV Pot hun- 
ters stimulated by prices paid for game- 
in our city markets have made sad' 
havoc among some species. The mil- 
linery trade has done its share of the 
work too, but it has not taken game- 
birds. Whole heronries in our south- . 
ern swamps have l)een depopulated hy 
the plume hunter. Of course som& 
may say their destruction may not be- 
felt directly; but who can say it is not 
felt indirectly? As birds of brilliant 
plumage are the ones desired, those 
from the south are most taken, but 
some of our northern song birds are- 
shot in large numbers. Men spend 
their whole time collecting skins for 
the millinery trade, and the business?, 
often pays him better than can a Nat- 
ui-al History dealer a collecting natural- 
ist, who has spent years in study and 

„ . collects for strictly for scientific pur- 
lu evidence of any value, a.s. he is down poses. In some cases tho^y cover their' 
on hawks on general principles and not deeds "under the gauzy lace of science,- 
some one species which may pay his and in others under Fa.shion's roof. It 
poultry-yard a visit during his absence, is to be hoped that in that bright Utopia 

of Miiich Edward Bellamy gives us such 
grajihie descrijjfions no store keeper 
will ever be called upon to punch cards 
for bird mummies for hats 

While the collecting of eggs and .skins 
by natiwalists and otlievs has done 
much toward furthering the science of 
Ornithology and Oology, the spreading; 

It IS expert testimony that is wanted, 
and we can but commend our Dept. of 
Agriculture for the great work it is 
doing in this direction. 

Many of „ur game birds are fast dis- 
appearing in some sections of the coun- 
try. The great flocks of Passenger 
Pigeons which used to darken the sky 



of these discoveries liiis awakeueil 
among many the desire to form collec- 
tions. Any person has a right to study 
the habits of our birds, and along with 
careful data to form collections, if the 
number of specimens he takes is not a 
serious drawback to that species; but 
the abuse of this privilege has forced 
before true Ornithologists and Oologists 
problems which are hard to solve. One 
of the problems is: how can we prevent 
the collecting of eggs and skins Ijy per- 
sons, young or old. who, collecting 
merely for sport, monej', or because 
"it's the craze," do not have the love of 
the science at heart and do not take 
pains to carefully- identify their speci- 
mens V Collecting series of sets should 
only be practiced by tliose who intend 
to give careful study to color, variation, 
etc. Most states have laws against col- 
lecting eggs and skins; but scientific 
collectors ai"e generally unmolested. 
Now here comes another problem: 
where shall collecting end and scientilic 
collecting begin? Who is to judge as 
to whether a person is a scientific col- 
lector? Should a person's age have any 
thing to do with it? Can a person 
commence scientific collecting without 
knowing anything about birds and their 
habits or must he commence as a 
novice and gradually grow into a scien- 
tific collector? These are certainly 
hard questions to answer; but anyone 
can ask hard questions. 

Many dangers attend the rearing of a 
brood. Rains and cold weather may 
delay nesting, spoil the eggs, or kill the 
young. Some animals count the young, 
dainty morsels of food. A cowbird 
often happens to be an occupant of the 
nest. In this way I could go on and 
name numerous i)erils through which 
the young go. Diseases, the same as 
with other animals, are common to 
birds. No doubt migration carries oti' 
many of the sick :ind old as it is often 
made in all haste. The numbia* of eggs 
in a set and the average nuniljcr which, 

when hatched, reached maturity of 
course has a deal to do with the relative 
abundance of different species. The 
length of the breeding season must also 
be taken into account; in the north 
where the season is necessarily short, it 
is evident that if birds are broken up 
during nesting or are hindered in any 
way it would be impossible for them to- 
rear a brood as the season passes so 
quickly. As stated in the beginning of 
this article, changes in surroundings, 
have had a gi-eat affect on the abund- 
ance of certain species in different 
localities. Stated briefly it is as follows: 
changes in surroundings, when not con- 
ducive to the furtherance of that .-spec- 
ies, have told on the numbers if it has 
been slow to adapt itself to the new 
surroundings or to seek others to its 
suiting; and a species which has not 
changed as civilizations forced it upon 
them, and would not seek, or, having 
sought could not find those surround- 
ings, which were necessary for the con- 
tinuance of that species, have gradually 
grown extinct. It is interesting to note 
that it has probally been these changes 
which have given us our finest song- 
birds. Listen to John Burroughs in 
'Wake Robin:" ''Indeed, what would 
be more interesting than the history of 
our birds for the last two or three cen- 
turies? There can be no doubt that the 
presence of man has exerted a very 
marked and friendly inliuen(;e upon 
them, since they so multiply in his 
society. The birds of California, it is 
said, were mostly silent till after its set- 
tlement, and I doubt if the Indians 
heard the wood-thrush as we hear him. 
When did the bobolink disport him.self 
i)efore there were meadows in the north 
and rice-fields in the south? Was he 
tiie same blithe, merrj'-heartcid l)t>au 
then as now? And the sparrow, the 
lark, and the goldfinch, birds that seem- 
so indigenous to the open fields and so 
averse to the woods, — we cannot con- 



oeive of their existence in a vast wilder- 
ness and without man." 

As to the future, we can only hope 
our song birds will be able to fight out 
their war for independence and come 
out victorious over their British invad- 
ers; that our more retired species will 
accept civilization when it is forced 
upon them, and that their songs, re- 
hearsed from morn till eve, will grow 
richer and sweeter as time rolls by. 

Some species will, inevitably, grow 
extinct, and others, much to be mourn- 
ed, will decrease in numbers; but we 
will, however, have to count them 
among the prices, which we are daily 
paying for an ever advancing civiliza- 

Ed\v.\rd p. C.A-RLTON, 

Wauwatosa, Wis. 


A New York Judge Renders a Decision in favor of 

th9 R. S.Peale Reprint of the Encyclopsdia 


[New York Special] — Judge Wallace, 
in the United States Circuit Court rend- 
dered a decision today refusing to grant 
an injunction against the firm of Ehrich 
Bros., to restrain them from selling the 
"Encyclopaedia Britannica," published 
by R. S. Peale & Co. of Chicago. The 
complainants are the firm of Black & 
Co., publishers of the orginal work at 
Edinburgh, Scotland. In his decision 
Judge Wallace holds that rival publish- 
ers in this country have a legal right to 
use the contents of the original edition, 
except such 'portions of them as are 
covered 1)V copyrights, secured by 
American authors. The defendant's 
work, he tiuds has substituted new arti- 
cles for these copyrighted ones. 

This decision is a .square set l)ack to 
the book trust, and directly in the inter- 
est of education and general inteligeuce. 
As an educational factor in every house- 
hold, no work in all literature is so im- 
portant and desiralile as lliis King of 
Encvcloi'/EDI.'VS, of which it has been 
said that "If all other books should be 
■desroyed, the iiible excepted, the world 
would have lost very little of its inform- 
ation." Until rect'titly its high cost has 
been a bar to its jopular use, the price 

being $5.00 per volume, $125.00 for the 
set in the cheapest binding. But last 
year the publishing firm of R. S. Peale 
& Co. of Chicago issued a new reprint 
of this great work at the marvelous 
price of fl.oO per volume. That the 
public quick to appreciate so great a 
bargain is shown by the fact that over 
half a million volumes of this reprint 
were sold in less than six months. It 
is the attempt of the proprietors of the 
high priced edition to stop the sale of 
this desirable low priced ec^tion, which 
Judge Wallace has effectually squelch- 
ed by his decision. We learn that R. 
S. Peale & Co. have perfected their edi- 
tion, correcting such minor defects as 
are inevitable in the first issue of so 
large a work and u(jt only do they con- 
tinue to furnish it at the marvelously 
low price quoted above, but they otfer 
to deliver the complete set at once, '«n' 
small easy pa3''nients to suit theconven - 
ience of customers. It is a thoroughly 
satisfactory edition, printed on good 
paper, strongly and handsomely bound 
and has new maps, later and better 
than any other edition. We advise all 
who want this greatest and best of all 
Enclyclopa3dias to get particulars from 
the publishers, R. S. Peale & Co., Chi- 

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It is with great pleasure that I am able to announce that the Mss. 
for a new Oologists' Hand- Book is nearly ready for the printer and, 
that under ordinary circumstances it will be ready for delivery 
early in April. The new Hand-Book, for the money, we think will be 
one of the most valuable works for one interested in birds, ever pub- 
lished. Our old '85 edition was issued as our catalogue — Our new '91 
edition will not be a catalogue at all, but simply and purely a Collec- 
tors' Hand-Book in the fullest sense of the word, and will contain, at 
least 150 pages, each teeming with valuable information. It will also 
contain two or three full page plates and many illustrations. The size 
of the pages will be about 6x4 inches, making a volume that can be 
conveniently carried in the pocket. Two editions will be issued, one 
in paper covers at 50c per copy, and the other in flexible leather 
at 75c. 


It will give the common and scientific name of every North Amer- 
ican bird known at the date of going to press. These names will be 
numbered, arranged and given according to the A. O. U. nomenclature, 
they will also be divided and sub-divided into the orders and families 
which they belong. It will give the numbers of each species as used 
in Bidgway's nomenclature of 1881 and those used by Coues' in 1883. 
It will give the value of the eggs of over COO species and sub-species of 
North American birds, as fixed by som ;. of the most competant Ameri- 
can Oologists, at date of going > ^>ros?: i-ui,: fact alone making i„ -.^^a.- 
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give the breeding range of each species. It will give a considerable 
information about the nest of each species. It will give the shape, 
color, markings and size of the eggs of each species and will also statu 
the number usually found in a set. It will also mention some of the 
more common local names by which each species is known in different 
localities. It will also give a considerable information on the collecting 
and preparing of specimens for the cabinet and will have something to 
say about making cabinets, making exchanges, packing, etc., etc. It 
wiU also tell how to make a good bird skin, and many other useful 
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PBICE: — In paper covers, 50c; flexible leather, gilt title, 75c. 




Publisher the OOLOGISTS' HAND-BOOK, Albion, N. Y. 

Sir: Herewith please find $ for which send me by 

mail, post-paid copies of the OOLOGISTS' HAND-BOOK 

for 1891 bound in 


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Until April 1st advance subscriptions, accompanied by the cash, 
will be accepted as follows: 

Paper c n-ers, 40c; 3 copies, $1.00. 
Leather " 60c; 3 copies, $1.50. 
Advance subscribers will receive their books hy the first mail, 
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rotation received. 

II Ordered on or Before 

April 15, 1891. 

For 10 cents I will send a copy of the old 1SF5 
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Contains a concise account of every species of living and fossil Bird at present 
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By James P. Boyd, A. M. A full account of all 
Indian Wars, for the past SO years, including 
the MLnne>5ot') Massarre and its terors; The Si- 
oux Wars on the Missdurl Kiver and in Wyom- 
ing: The Wars of 't5S and 'OH with theCheyennes 
anil Arrapoes: Custer's w;ir with the Coman- 
ahes and Cheyenues; The Modoc War of 1873; 
Wars with Sittiuy Bull and other Chiefs, from 
lS7t; to ISM); The Custer Massacre: The Nez Per- 
I'l's War: Sketche.-; of leatting chiefs and a com- 
plete history of 


Over .W) pages. Cloth. $1.00. Paper covers. 
r)')c. Agents' outHt. '-'.^c. Everybody Interested. 
Intense excdtenient everywhere. " A thrilling 
boolc. .Sells as fast as you can show If Prices 
at which everybody can buy. A quick canvass 
will pay you big. Send a5c for outrlt at once. 


TM (Jhestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rare California View?. 

Knclosf stamp for catalogue. Sample of 
vi-ws will be sent upon receipt of 2,t cents. 
California Art Gallery, Santa Rosa, Cal. 



" Xhe Coni«r Intone of a yisttioa. 



Have you stood on the world famous " Plymoutt 

Would you do this ill picture and story, send foi 
one of the following books: 

CtlinipHeNof IPil(;-i-ini IPljiiiouth.— Forty- 
eight views in Photo-Gra\nire from photographs 
and paintings, with descriptive text, showing the 
Plymouth of 1620 and the Plymouth of today. 
Price by mail, $1.50. Eeduced size, thirty-foui 
views, 50 cents. 

SketcUes aUoit Plynioutli. — Etehings by 
W. H. W. Bickuell, in white portfolio. Size, 10x12. 

Pilg-riin Plymoutli. — Sixteen Indotype 
views, with descriptive text. Size, 10x13. Cloth 
covers, gilt, $4.50. Same, iu handsome seal bind- 
ing, $7.50. 

'•Staiidish of StandiHb."by Jane G. Austin, 
The story of the Pilgrims; deeply interesting, his- 
torically accurate; cloth binduig. $1.25. 

I>it«le l»iIsTini« at Vlj niouth.— By L. B. 
Humphrey. The I'ilgi-im story told for children. 
Finely illustrated; cloth. $1.25. 

Plymouth Rock Paper "YVeig-Iitii.— 
Models of the famous Rock, two sizes; by mail 
35 and 50 cents each. 

Oov. Carver'8 Cbair. — Models of the Cbaii 
brought in the Mayflower, 1620, 25 cents. 

Photog-raplis of Plymoutb Rock. 
Pilgrim Hall, National Monument to the Pilgrims, 
and one hundred other subjects of historic interest. 
Extra fine views, 5'4x8V^, 35 cents each, $4.00 pei 
dozen. Catalogue free. 

Pljnioutb Albums, 31 Views, 25 cents. 

Any of the above books will make handsome 
Christmas and Birthday presents, and will be 
mailed postpaid on receipt of price. 

We have sent samples to the editor of this paper 
rho will vouch for their excellence. 

Ag-ents M'anted. 

-A.. S. BXJIiB-A.3SrK:, 

Pilgrim Bookstore, 

Plymouth, Mass. 

^Apamphletof Information andnb- 
ystractof the lawa, showinK How ti> 
' .Obtain Piitents, CaveiitR, Trade/ 
' yMarks, CopyrlRhts, sent Jrcc. 
' ^AddrMs MUNN A. COv 
^SUl Broadway, 
New York. 


• 1 Taxkleiiiiy, Birds' bklus and i,ggs. bhiills. 
Curios. .Minerals, Fossils, Indian Helics, Cur- 
iosities ai;d Naturalists' Supplies, Singiiig and 
K;uir\ Birds, Talking Purrots, and 
Aquarium stock. Send Stamp lor Catalogues and 
fiice iJsiii. 



120 State St., Madison, Wis. 

on thib Pen & Pencil Stamp only fC\J\^ 

We will send you one by 
mail on receipt of price. 

Agents Wanted. 

R.W.FORD, BrlstoijConn. 




Realizing the fact that a new and strictly re- 
liable directory is greatly needed by the collec- 
tors of this country as a medium for exchanges 
and correspondence, we have decided to com- 
pile one which will meet the demands of the 
public. This directory will contain the names 
and addresses of the principle Ornithologist.? 
Oologists and Taxidermists of North America 
and Great Britain, the cards of the principal 
dealers of these countries. 


,52 or more pages, printed in suitable type, on 
good book paper, bound substantialy, in heavy 
tinted covers. The Price of this directory 
will be '35c after publication, but to those send- 
ing in their names immediately and signifying 
their wish for a copy, on publication the price 
\vill be 15c. 

Through correspondence vi-ith many prom- 
inent collectors throughovit the country will find 
the general opinion is that a good directory is 
badly needed. We will make this directory a 
good" one. Great care will be taken to make 
the compilation strictly correct. And as for 
the typographical appearance, we are sure you 
will be pleased with it. We solicit your adver- 
tisements for this work. Nothing objection- 
able will be inserted and only reliable dealers 
ro^-^ apply for space. PLEASE SEND FoR 
PROSPECTUS which will explain our plan of 
securing dealers and .others making remittan- 
ces and gives full explanations. 

AYe will insert a limited number of exchange 
aud^want notices at the following rates : 
f .25 for a 2 line notice 
.40 " 5 " 
.65 " 10 " 
.75 " 12 ■• 
1.00 " 20 •• 
Average 10 words to line. Address free. No 
stamps^ Taktn. 
Send for prospectus etc. mailed free. 

iW.A, Crooks, & Co. 

aiLwUMAN. IL.L.S. 



TO EXCHANGE. --V" nickels, without the 
word cents, and Sets of 595 and tVivJa (A. O. U.): 
for Eggs in sets. cash, or nhnost anything. 
NEIL, P. POSSON. Medina. N. Y. 

VOLS. 59 and tS2 of "Youth's Companion," 
for offer of cliniber.s. sti-apped, sent before 
:« inst. L. M. CAKR. '.27 Laugdou St., Alton, 

TO EXCHANGE.— For every S cents' worth 
of flrst-class eggs sent me (sets must be accom 
panied with full data). I will send prepaid, sev- 
eral tine s])efiniens at Caruelian or Ag;ite. Ad- 
dress, C. A. VON VLECK. Lake Citv. Minn. 

stamps, for $-'.-»5. Also to exchange for Indian 
relics: microscope, books and miscellaneous 
articles. ALKX. DU BOIS, 3>r Doyle Ave.. 
Springfield. Ills. 

TO EXCHANGE.— 3 splendid cave specimens 
(postage not prepaid) for every lOc worth of 
birds' eggs. Also year 1889 and 4 numbers of 
"Wide Awake," for pair of climbing irons in 
good condition. Write for particulars. Ad- 
dres.s. CAKL H. PLUMB. 1333 SuumiitAve.. 
Springfield, Mo. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Animals, Wild and Tame. 
a large handsome book, colored cover. 116 
pages, lOi) picture.s, .'il full page. "Boys' Book of 
Sports." trapping and shooting. Will exchange 
for eggs in .sets or skins. HAROLD WILDER, 
Atlantic. Mass. 

FOR $1.(X) worth of flrst-class eggs in sets 
leggs to be listed not less than :ir> cts. each) 
] will give the receipt for embalming birds, etc. 
Also three \ol. Scientific American for eggs. 
W. F. LEWIS. Box XiS. East Liverpool, Ohio. 

FOR SALE.— Volumes III. IV. V. VI, of the 
OoLOGiST, nicely bound, and in good condition. 
Will send all of them, prepaid, for $1..tO. H. H. 
WICKHAM, Beaver. Beaver Co., Pa. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— One Oologists" Hand- 
book (15c), fifteen Wild Mexican Potatoes (.tOc). 
one-half volume of bound "Youth's Compan- 
ions." 1887 (ll.5(b. Offers wanted. A. R. 
HUTCHINSON, Gaines. Orleans Co., N. Y. 


O. J. Zahn, 497 S. Hope St., Los Angeles, Cal. 

FOR SALE CHEAP.— Calcite of Limestone, 
Iowa Falls, Iowa; Airy pa refirularia. Mason 
City, Iowa; Atrypa reficilfiris. Independence, 
Iowa; Peiilramile culyi-.anuK. Harvey, Iowa; 
/ialocrinux rotundiis. Burlington Limestone. 
Above, postpaid, for 30c. Eggs: I3 set Scissor- 
tailed Flvcat^-her. Singles: Purple Martin, 
Lark Finch, Wood Thrush. All with identifi- 
cation sliiis, postpaid, .'jOc. Live Hen-hawk. 18 
inclies high, ••xcellcnt condition, charges paid, 
»->.()0. R. M. FLETCHER, 101 3rd St, Sioux 
•Jlty, Iowa. 


W« furniflli t'VPiythingr. W 

in l)e corned at ourXEW linf of work, 
ipidly and hunornblv, by tlioae o« 
rli.r .ei, vouiig or old, and in their 
All |.,(alitit-»,« iierever they livi-. Any 
!<-■ cnn lio the work. Eaiy to learn. 
' stall vnii. ,Vo rink. You can devote 
ur spare momenia, or all your lime to the work. Thia la an 
entirely new lead,.'ind bringa wendurftil aucceaa toe»erv worker. 
HcKinners are cariiin(t from ttia to fSO perweek and upwarda, 
and more after a litlle experience. We can ftimish yon the em- 
ployment and teaih you KKKK. No apace to explain hare. Full 
iaformation FKKE. TttVE diVit,, AltilHTA, SAISK. 

I Photography 




{likeness WILL APPEAR. 

Any person sending 
us l.'M' befoi'e March 1.5, 
IMtl. we will, in order to 
introduce our g o o d s, 
send prepaid the follow- 
ing articles, viz: 

Mexican Resurrection 
Plant, Instantaneous 
Ph()t< igraph C a m era 
(Will be sold separately 
for 10c. )2 Japanese Nap- 
kins. 1 Japanese Envel- 
ope. 1 Leaf from Japan- 
ese Book. 1 pkg. Scrap 
Pictures, 10 varieties of 
Foreign .Stamps, Cou- 
pon good for a.5c on an 
order of $1 .OJ or over. 

The entire package 
will be sent you by re- 
turn mail, prepaid for 
only 1.5c. address. 

CURIO noveiiaTy go. 

Gaines, Orleans Co., N. Y. 

VSnS/I. <3. SMITH, 


iSlrd^, IV^antmal^ and £^^5, 


I make a specialty of mailing birds same day 
as skinned, or sent in the flesh after subjecting 
them to a preservative prepary.tion. Enclose 
stamp for Price List. 


If you want anything in the RUBBER STAMP 
LINE, write to "FORD." for prices. He will 
furnish you a four-line stamp with pads and 
ink for only 33c. post-paid. Address, 

R. W. FORD, 



mported Japanese & Indian Silk Worm 

Eggs for Seed, in Silk Culture. 

Different species, also the celebrated Madras 
Silk CtM'oons. warranted to be raised success- 
fully in this (ouutry. Directions given how to 
raise them profitably. Prices Low. 




Uuplicat(;.s can be returned. 


Catalogue for stamp. 


New Kodak Cameras. 

''Yott press the Initton, 

zve do the 7^esf' 





'ov sale l)y all Photo. Stock Doak'is. StMul for Catalogue. 


CARDS.— If you want Cards with yoiu" name 
on send ac to pav pcstage for some beautiful 
samples to pick from to ALFRED HENRY. 
Jasonville. Ind. vaS 

FOR SALE.— A copy of Samuel's "N'ortliern 
and Eastern Birds." almost as good as new. for 
ftU.'in. Will send prepaid on receipt of price. 
H. H. WICKHAM, Beaver, Beaver Co.. Pa. 

FOR SALE.— Skins of Am. Redstart. White 
throated Sparrow. Black Snowbird. Magnolia 
Warbler. Am. Goldfinch. Chipping Span-ow, 
S<mg Sparrow. Black-capped Chickadee. Blue- 
bird. Mealy Redpoll, Tree Span-ow. Ruffed 
Grouse, Pileated Woodpecker. Hairy Wix>d- 
pecker. Yellow-bellied Woodpecker. "The first 
five are not first-class, the last ten are. Will 
sell for W.OO cash. R. M. FLETCHER. 101 3rd 
.St.. .Sioux City. Iowa. 


The most coniplete data yet published'. 25 
cts. per hundred. Send stamp for .sample. 


P. O. BOX 61, 

Washington Heights, - Illinois. 


A 48 Inch Yolnnteer Colombia Bicycle. 

For further iiarticulars. address. 


lif.l N. Charles St., Baltimore. Md. 

-r! AGENTS '^ 



1 2, .3, or 4 lines with Pads and Ink 


R. W. FORD. Bristol, Coun. 

^1 W^ANTBD !^ 


On file at lOc per copy this is not a large dir- 
ectorj- but contains most the leading Oologlsts. 
Oruitholcgists. etc. 

NATURALISTS' GUIDE. 2.5c a copy. If you 
are a Naturalist you should have one. The 
Directory will have the second edition out Sept. 
)st. This will be a fine ••book.' not a cheap 
thing. Send in your name and it will be in- 
serted free. State what you collect. 

Send for circular to Box I'i'j. PJdinburg, Ills. 

The Best Paper for the Price, Published, 

The Collector 

A 13-page monthly, devoted to Philately and 
Ornithology, only l.-c per year, if you mention 
the OoLUGiST, Directory aLd Exchange col- 
umn FKEE to subscribers. Ac;vertis,ng rates 
•Kjc per inch ; address. THE COLLECTOR. 
New Chester. Adams Co.. Pa. 


Safe. Economical, Convenient. S;mple. Neat. 
Durable. No more broken Hame titraps. uc> 
more tugging to fasten or release them. Ours 
are (pnckly and easily operated and always^ 
secure. Quick seller— Large pi'ofits— Reconi- 
iiiended by all who have used them. Agents' 
wanted everywhere. Sample bv mail ."'Oc. Ad- 
nebago City. Minn. m» 

J3 —.V-.. ■ ^ ■ 

' ®r ''' Monthlj. '^f ^ 50c. per Year. ^<: v 


No. 4 & 5 

Exchanges and Wants. 

Brief special announrements, "Wante," "F.x- 
cUanges" insoruxl in this (lepart:iiMit for iSc 
per '£i wonls. Notices over ^> words, cnarpod 
at the r;\t'^ ',{ one-half cent per word. No 
tiotice for less than USc Notices 
Mhicti arf liu nty indirect methods of soliciting 
CiiSh puiTl\:isi rs raanot be admitted to these 
crtumns uiK\>>r any circumstsjioes. Ttanns, with order. 

WANTED. To exchange with reliable Co]- 
*'Ctors in Florida, tiri^t-dass Eggs In Sets; for 
rirst-class Sni^'les. Address, ERNEST H. 
SIHORT. Chiii. Monroe Co., N. Y. . 

the comini; si>asou. 1 wish to exch.ange western 
Eggs or SUins for fi-esh Star Fishes, Sea Ur 
fhins. Hermit Cralis, etc CLAUD RlTl'TEE, 
.lohnslown. Neb. 

FOR EXCnANGE.-3fll Stamps. AUnun, IN 
OoLoui.sTs: for Hrst-class eggs <set.s) or pair of 
elimbers. J. C. A. MEEKER, 33 Central Ave 
Biiclgeport, Ct. 

FOR EXCHANGE.-First-class Birds' Eggs 
111 sets or singles. al,so pair of climbing irou.s in 
good order. ALF. DOCKERY Jic. Hernando. 


WANTED. — Perfect Indian Relics in ex- 
change for oth(n-s. Have for exchange new '£i 
•-al. Steven's single shot nickel-plated, tip bar- 
rel pistol, ijsWX). WM. H, FISHER, 14 W 
North Ave.. BiUtimore, Md. 

*,A^-^^^^"^^^ Photographic Outfit, value 
?~MX), Camera (2' .i x4>4) with tripod; for best 
offer of Sea Birds' Eggs in sets with data. Ad- 
dre.s,s Box 172, New C;i.stle, DeIawart^ 

SrOTTR AUnmx eostJl.riO rontaiuiiv,' about 
-Ml vuri. lies of Stamps, to exchange for Jlrst- 
la-> K.--S in .s.>t.s, CHAS. A. PROCTOIi, Han- 
.ver. N, H. 

LIVE COCOONS of S. S.\Tithea and S. Secro- 
;>ia; for other Cocoons or Pupa of American or 
Foreign, or eg,'s of Bimihycida'. THOS, KEY- 
UOH'j'U. B<)x2(J!', Marissa, 111. 

K.^CIiANUK.-A Great Horned Owl, iUive. 
^r.u-growii, and taijw: f<:r t>est olTw of iirst- 
flasH Egg:, in Sets, or othi-r offer.s. W. HAR- 
RISON, LaCrescont. Hv)vi«U)n Co.. Mini). 

TO EXCH.ANGE. - Sela of Prairie Horned 
JjHrk ; for .strictly tivst-cla;ss Siugles. with name 
•^f locality v. here cfOlecte.i. H. M, GUIL,I'\)RD, 
V.U K. Alilrirh Ave. ]\:in( p.polis, Minn. 

TO EXCIL* NGE.— Bouud Vols, of the Argosy 
HOd book.s l,y Optic. Ellis. Ciistlemo; for 
mounted Birds or i:ggs. C. F. HOLST, of. 
/Vgt. B. O. S.-W. Uv., Mariett.i. O. 

I HAVE GO Singles that I wish to exchange 
for h^gga not In my collection, send lists. B 
S WALES, 1 S2Q Woodward Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

I \VILL EXCHANGE.-Land and fresh water 
faheUs; for Eggs in sets and singles also for 
StamiJs. FRANK STOFFEL, Peru, HI. 

WANTED. — Coues' Key in any condition 
wall give «ish or gotxl excJiange in Oregon 
Birds' Skins, will exchange Oregon Birds" 
Skins for Kgf.s, SIdu.s w SUuups,, F. 
T. CORLESS. Tillamook. Ore. 

FOR EXCHANGE. — Au excellent stamp 
coliectiou containing ()7.5 Stamps, lo;i of which 
;ire a. S,. wjJl exchange for Cones' Key. Ad- 
dres,« A. Mc.\LPINE. Galveston, Texas! 

TO K5CHANGE,— First-class compound Mi- 
croscope. stJUids 7's inches hiph. draw tulx>, ad- 
ju.stment f;cre%v. liglit coiuiensor, ciunplcU' 
worth Si") (KJ; for good offer in Natural History 
Specimens. WILLIE T. SHAW, Povnetui, 
Col, Co., W1.S. . , . t.Luc, 

EAGLE.— Alive, uieJtoiireH over 6 feet lYom 
y\\> to tip. line speri'iien. perfectly at home. 
■ •aged. Will exchancc' lor best otlox. \V, B. 
•SCXJTT, Augusta. Ga. 

EXOHANGI-;.— Land and iresih waU-.r Shells 
ii< Illinois, correcUy named and flrst-cl;; for 
iCfxKl Mingle Birds' Eggs. LOUIS H. SCHAD- 
K.VSACK, I'cru. 111. 

TO EXCH.\N(;E.— Singli- barrel B. L. Shot 
li-un. 3])air bl:uk and i pair white Rabbitu, 3 

"■^■'' - ' Is Botanical K<>y. Mounted Loon 

• !M-d Owl : for lH',st o/Ter in eggs, or 

J i>ro]..'nv. My lu-w Directory for 

.,. ^ l.iJTSoN BALMET, Des Moines, 

TO EXCHANGE,-01d U, S. Coins for fv.s-slls 
and Indian Uelic.s. Also some Armv Swords 
for Birds" Kggs, Seud for lists, II. A. HKSS. 
Kdinliurg. Ind. 

HANDSOME Panama Shell Charms, witli 
gold attachmejits. also Fla, Shells in exchange 
fou nriU-class Eggs in sets with data. Send for 
list. PERCY G. BOURNE, ai Arch Ave., Hav- 

WANTED,-Eggs in sots. Bird SK-lus, and 
Indian Relitw; lu exchange for Lett4'r Iloads. 
Envelopes. Datius. Price Lists. Labels and 
Tags, with your name, address and business 
'111. State what you have for exchange ami send 
for samples of my work at once. E. G. TABOR 
Meridian, N. Y. 



WANTED.— Indian Relics and Butterflies of 
Southern States, will give Butterflie.s and back 
uumber.s of Harper's Young People lu exchage. 
Will exchange postage stamps also. H. S. 
8TKENBERG. 34 E. Rees St., Fond da Lac, 

I WILL E-Kchange Eggs in sets or singles 
and Books for a good 2'^ cal. rifle with good 
sights. Address. T. E. STUART, a50 Fletcher 
St., Council Bluffs. Iowa. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A collection of 650 differ- 
ent Stamps in Album; copy of Da\'ie's Nest and 
Eggs, a iniutiug press with type ; for Eggs in 
sets. CHARLES A. ELY, PeiTineville, Mon- 
mouth Co.. N. J. 

WILL EXCHANGE.— Dead Game Pit Fowl 
or a Tame Coon for Minerals. Eggs, Live or 
Mounted Specimens or most anj'thing useful or 
ornamental. Write any^vay if you have time. 
MILO BILLS. 66 Lansing St., Auburn. N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A Collection of about 1005 
Postage Stamps and Album no two alike ; for 
best offer of single Eggs send me 
your list by Ridgway's Nos. Lattiu"s list. Ad- 
dress, Wm. a. ACHILLES, 1504 Lavacca St., 
Austin, Tex. 

TO EXCHANGE.— 3d edition International 
postage stamji Album and 500 different U. S. 
and foreign stamps for best offer of Birds' 
Eggs in sets. JOHN WILLIAMS, Wenham, 

ATTENTION! I have 30 eggs of -405 in sets 
of 2"s and 3"s and a number of .sets of 397 4iJ0. 43], 
436. 369 and other desirable eggs ; to exchange 
for an egg or mineral cabinet, eggs of Ostrich. 
Rhea. Eiiieu or other desirables. Dr. W. S. 
STRODE, Bei-nadotte, 111. 

WANTED.— Taxidermist tools. Oologist out- 
fit. Cones' Key, Davie's Nest and Eggs of N. A. 
Birds. Bird Skins; will give in exchange. Bird 
Slciiis. Eggs in sets, mounted specimens. Buf- 
falo horns, minerals, etc. Send for list. W. 
W. SEARLICS. Lime Springs. la. 

TO EXCHANGE. — A good nickel-plated 
Quackenbash ■■Eureka" air j)'stol worth $6.50 
and outtit: for best offer of Taxidermists' In- 
struments, no postals answei-ed. A. MECH- 
ELKE. 1401 Frankford Ave., Phla.. Penn. 

NOTICE.— The imdersigned wish to become 
acfjuainted with all Collectors in Ontario Co. 
and to corresijond with working Ornitholr)gists 
throughout the State. B. "S. BOWDISH. 
Phelps, N. Y. E. B. PECK, Clifton Springs, N. 

For 75c worth of flrst-class eggs (not listed 
less than 10c). Minerals, or Indian Relics. I will 
give receipt and full directions for the moiint- 
iiig of Birds and Maunuals. without skinning. 
D. J. BULLOCK, Mai-shalltown, Iowa. 

WANTED.— To exchange singles or sets of 
Bald Eagle, for singles or sets of Coldcn Eagle. 
Kit<!s. Swans, or Geese. Parties having sucli 
will communicate to M. C. WHITE, Mathews 
C. H., Va. 

I WOULD like to hear from Collectors, 
south and west who are desirous of exchang- 
Ing Coleoptera of their own locality for those 
frr)m New York, CHAS. TUNISON, No. 59, 
West 92nd St., New York. N. Y. 

T. R. TAYLOR, 90 WiUiam St.. Rochester. N. 
Y. desires to become acquainted v,-ith persons 
interested in Ornithology or Oology, living in 
Rochester or vicinitj'. 

TO EXCHANGE.— 676 different foreign post- 
marks. aLso two stuffed Ostriches, two weeks 
old. worth $13.00 apiece; for best offer in Eggs 
in sets, with full data. H. L. HALL, Cai-pin- 
teria, Cal. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Set of 2 eggs of the Whip- 
poor-will, 8 of Ruffed Grmise, 4 'of Golden- 
crowned Thnish. 4 of Redstart with nest and 
egg of Cowbird : for best offer of singles. Rare 
Eggs preferred, only fli-st-class given or re- 
ceived. M. D. COOPER, Antim. N. H. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Collection of over 500 U. 
S. and foreign postage stamps and many dupli- 
cates, cash value 88.00. and .33 cal. revolver, 
nearly new. cast J3..50 : for best offer of Eggs in 
sets. PAUL V^VN DEUSEN, SJlOo Tioga St.. 
Phila, Penn. 

WANTED.— A Ist-class skin of Red Phala- 
rope. spring plumage preferred. Will give 
good exchange or pui'chase if prices suit. E, 
E. N. MURPHEY. 444 Telfair St., Augusta, Ga. 

LOOK !— A line collection of biiids' eggs, sin- 
gle and pairs, 113 varieties; to exchange for 
first-class sets with data. WILLARD ELIOT, 
Thonotosassa, Fla. 

NOTICE !— Parties wishing to obtain care- 
fully prepared eggs of this .section during the 
coming .season, would do well to address A. H. 
CRANDALL, Worthington. Minn. 

WANTED.— Cone's Key of N.A. Birds, Ridge- 
way's Manual of N. A. Birds, and Nomenclature 
of Colors. Will give in exchange bird skins. 
D. A. G. PRILL, Box 11, Sweet Home. Oregon. 

A SCROLL Saw with drill attachment and .V> 
saws, for a ••World" or any equallj- good type- 
writer. Also will sell a Quackenbush rifle in 
good condition for $5.00. J. LOSEE, Richfield. 
Spa.. N. Y. 

CHOICE Collection of stamps, with Interna- 
tional Album. 300 varieties, valued at $1.5. Wan- 
ted camera, rifle or revolver. E. G. RUNYAN. 
633 "I" St., N. W., Washington. D. C. 

WANTED.— Stamps, Indian Relics, Fossils 
and Curosities, for same will exchange go<^>d 
fossils and fine quaitz and flint arrovv points. 
Only fine specimens wanted. HERBERT E. 
BROCK, Mason City. Cerro Gordo, Iowa. 

TYPE-WRITERS. Revolvers. Musical In.stru- 
ments. Collections of Stamps, Coins, Reli<^s. 
etc.. wanted in exchange for flrst-class sets and 
singles, curiosities, etc. CHAS. TURTON. Box 
9.56, Los Angeles. Cal. 

(L.—LVI.) Scientific American, and rare foreign 
and Native Moths, valued at $16.3.5. for a good 
microscoi)e. Must be in j)erfeot f)rder. Write. 
gi^ing de.scription. name of maker, cost, etc. . 
and I will send list of moths. All are flrst- 
class. RALPH BALLARD, Niles, Michigan. 

MINATURE Steamboat. 38 in. long. 17 In- 
high. 8 in. wide, nicely painted and perfect in 
every respect, cash value $10.(X), will exchange 
for best offer of eggs, singles or sets. GEO. W. 
MORSE, 311 P:ast Coats St., Moberly, Mo. 

WANTED.— A Taxidermist's outfit. Oologist" ?: 
supplies. Collecting gun. Birds' eggs and skins, 
all in A-1 condition. Address A. V. THOMSON 
Decorah, Iowa. 

THE 00L0GI8T. 



WANTED parties to cdllect Birds In the meat 
or lst-chi»s skins. Please write stating which 
you can collect, for which I will give Ist-class 
skins and eggs in sets and singles: also shot 
gun (double-barrel, B. L. ) and Safety Bicycle 
wanted. A. W. NOLTE, W. 16th St.; LosAn- 
geles, Cal. 

WANTED.— Back volumes of "Ornithologist 
& Oologist" of Boston, and "Auk" of New 
York. Kindly send full particulars, and 
whether you will exchange for first-class sets of 
Birds' eggs. Also wanted to exchange tirst- 
class sets of eggs with parties of other .sections. 
Send lists. Address, WALTER F. WEBB, 
Geneva, N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A collection of shells, (val- 
ue over twenty-^lve dollars) and natural history 
papers, for hooks on natural history and tlrst- 
class original sets with data, of "Warblers. 
Vlreos. Hummers and Woodpeckers. Send your 
lists to ED. RAUBE. Giddings, Tex. 

FOR EVERY f5.(30 worth of Eggs sent me 
with datas. singles or sets, none listed less than 
lOc, I will mail a receipt for making Arsenical 
Soap for preserving Bird Skins used in the 
Scientific School of Taxidermv in Paris, France, 
nothing better. GEO. W. MORSE, 311 East 
Coates St., Moberly, Mo. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— 100 best Limerick Fish 
Hooks, assorted sizes, for every -10 cents worth 
of birds' eggs .sent us. 6 good Lines, assorted 
sizes, for ao cents worth of eggs. All eggs to be 
first-class and valued at not less than 5 cents 
each. Don't miss this chance to get your spring 
supply of hooks and lines. UNION TACKLE 
CO.. Middlefield, O. 

DURING the past season I mounted several 
birds, which remain uncalled for : these I will 
exchange for eggs single or sets, rare or com- 
mon ; among them are Western Great Homed 
Owl. Flicker. Northern Shrike, Long-crested 
Jay, Song and Tree Sparrows. Klackpoll, Oven- 
bird, Cedar Waxwing, Am. Robins and Blue 
Jay. Parties wishing any of above will please 
send list of eggs they have to exchange. JAS. 
P. BABBITT. 10 Hodges Ave., Taunton, Mass. 

WANTED.— A good pair of cUmbers, for- 
which in return I will pay cash or trad«j; Al 1 
letters answered. SIGMUND H. HILL. Box. 
ti."). New Milford. Conn. 

BREECH-LOADING shot-gini with tools. 
Tenney's Manual of Birds with five hiuidred en- 
gravings, Manton's Complete Manual on hunt- 
ing and preparing and preserving birds, eggs. 
nests. etc.,:W-cal. revolver, h'2 in. Volunteer. A.I. 
conditioii. with cyclometer, bell, luggage-car- 
rier, whistle, tools, etc.. for sale or in'exchange 
for first-cliiss eggs. Have also lirst-class eggs 
to exchange. It will pay to write for terms. 
All answered. JAS. P. ROBBINS, So. Nor- 
ridgewock. Maine. 

COLLECTORS 1- 1 have a large lot of Miner- 
als. Fossils, Eggs and Curios, to exchange foi • 
Books and Magazines. All answerer!. T. S'.. 
HILL. Knoxville. Iowa. 

I HAVE one Manton's Taxidermy without if. 
Teacher, and one of Lattiu's Taxidermist oiit- 
fits, which I will exchange for 2 df)z. Bass tiies . 
C. C. RENSHAW, Boyce. Clarke Co.. Va. 

WANTED.— A good dou'-le barreled shot 
gun, breech loading, 10 or i-j bore, have to ex- 
change for same Venezu' Ian stamps in any 
quantity. South Amer can and West Indian 
stamps, also coins and a few birds' eggs from 
South America and the West Indies. CHES- 
TER JOHNSON, 1325 Third Ave.. S.. Fargo, N. 

TO EXCHANGE. -jaS.OO worth of Ist-class'- 
sets, taxidermist's outfit, value $4.00, oologist's- 
outfit, value $3.40 and Horseman's No. 2 Eclipse- 
Camera, for a 30-inch Safty BicA'cle. H. A. 
HESS. Edinburg. Ind. 

COLLECTORS I— For every first-class set of 
Eggs, any kind, with data, sent me. I will sendf. 
complete directions, how to mount and embalm- 
Birds, without skinning, very easy to learn. 
For best offer of first-class sets, with data, I 
will exchange one first-class single each ot 
Short-eared Owl and Am. Osprey. What 
offers? Address all letters and packages to- 
THOS. A. SMITHWICK. Walke. Bertie Co., N. 

TO EXCHANGE.— 4 X 5 Camera. 3 fold tri- 
pod. 3 double holders, all of polished mahog- 
eney, 3 rubber trays, printing frames, quantity 
plates, chemicals' and everything to produce- 
finished photographs; for egg cabinet. Speci- 
men photograph sent. HARRY SARGENT. 
.Sit'.i Lexington Ave., New York. N. Y. 

IN THE UPPER Countys of So.Ca. are fountT 
in the old fields and new ground, varieties of" 
Sea Shells, in perfect condition and of many 
kinds. Some very pretty but are small— none 
over an inch and one-half in diameter. I have- 
.inst received a large consignment of the above, 
and will exchange for best offers. S. A. TAFT. 
Aiken. So. Ca. 

WANTED.— First-class sets of Gt. Horned 
Owl. Screech Owl. Bobolink. Am. Bitteni. 
Osprey. rare Warblers with nests. Cedar Wax- 
wing,Black Tern.Gt. Crested Flyi atf^her. Whip- 
poor-will. Nighthawk. Hairy and Downy Wood- 
peckers. Barred Owl. Caracara Eagle. Swallow- 
tail Kite. Shari)-shinned Hawk. Golden Eagle. 
Gt. Blue Heron, Wood Ibis. Killdetr. Spotted 
Sandpiper. Am. Oyster- jatcher. Whooping 
Crane, Le.iches Petrel and others. I can offer 
rare species from Iceland. Alaska and North- 
west Canada, including Snow and Lapland 
Buntings. Kaven. Martin. Golden Plover, Red 
I»halaroi)e. Swans Ducks and Geese, Little 
Brown C;raiie. Bonaparte's Gull. Am. Loon. 
Yellow-Billed Loon, Pacific Loon. Cassins, 
Crested and Great Auk and others. W. 
RAINE, Hayden St., Toronto, Canada. 

WANTED.— Any of the following Old Vio- 
lins: Antonio Stradivarius. Nicolo Amati. 
Giusseppe Guarnerius. Carlo Bergonzi. Pa^lo 
Maggini. Antonio Huggeri. Jacob Stainer. Mat- 
hias Klotz, J. B. Vuillaunie. George IJemunderr 
will exchange a 22 cal. J. M. M;irlin sporting, 
rifle in good condition. Birds' Eggs or cash. 
Those having any of the above Old Violins 
must give a full description of same. P. P. 
NORRIS. North Topeka. Kan. 

WANTED.— Copies of the following books: 
"Ismailia." by Sir Samuel Baker: "Darwin's 
Voyage of the 'Beagle;' " "Du Chaillieu's Ash- 
ango I>;inil:" "A Naturalist's Wanderings in 
th«' ];astern Archipelago." by Henry O. Forbes ; 
"Central Africa." by (.'ol. C. Chairer Lang: 
"The Heart of Africa." by Dr. (;eorg Schwine- 
jurete; "Journal of the Discoverv of the Source 
of the Nile." by Cai)t. Speke; "Tlie Malay Arch- 
ipelago." b.v -Vlfred h'us^el Wallace. Can give 
in exchange for any ahuve books liii'ds" Eggs: 
Stuffed Birds. War Kelies: 1 Cornet, with case: 
1 Spencer 7-shot Repeating Kilie; 1 4 .x ,5 Phot<i 
Camera and manv othei- things. THAD SUR- 
BER, White Sulphur SpriuL's. West V:i. 




NOTICE'.— I have S50.00 worth of flrst-class 
sets, with data, for a good folding canvass boat. 
Send description to J. W. P. SMITHWICK, 
Plj-mouth, N. C. 

I WOULD LIKE to correspond with some 
yoiing collector in the south with regard to ex- 
changing ^gs and skins, the coming season. 
JIMMIE PHILLIPS, Box r>37. Paw Paw. 

DTO EXCHANGE.— Compound Microscope, 
with forcep.s and prepared object, magmties 
4iX) times; all iu mahogany case : for best "ffer 
»of eggs anioimting to 1:3.00 or over. C. G. SAR- 
i?iENT. Winnebago City. Minn. 

WANTED. — Cigarette albums. Base Ball 
3)layers. or Mounted Birds; will give in ex- 
^ange $.=i.00 worth of the best detective stories. 
•Cards not answered. Address. ERNEST E. 
LEE, Covington. Ga. 

WANTED.— Kodali. (No. 3or 4 prefered) or 
.->ther good automatic Camera: will give good 
•exchange in nicelv made western Bird Skms. 
Address with full particulars, GEO. G. CANT- 
WELL, 105 Pikes Peak Ave., Colo. Springs. 

m SECOND-CLASS eggs ($1.50.) 10 story 
:uts ($.5.0^)1 : for 4 lb. Indian clubs, climbers, and 
iiffers. Best offer receives proofs of cuts. 
EDW. D. BARKER. 31t5 Center St.. Elgin,Kane 
Co.. 111. 

SETS sua. eO. 705. 594. 703. 683. 316, 3^6, 363. A. 
•O. U. and Sawfish saw; for best offer U. S. or 
Confederate Stamps. WALTER E. GROVER. 
1520 E. Market St.. Galveston. Tex. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Choice Crystalized Miner- 
rals : for Indian Relics. Fossils or Minerals. A 
tine cabinet specimen for every perfect Arrow 
head sent me. R. HAGELSTEIN. 95 Stanhope 
St.. Brooklyn. N. Y. 

COMMON EGGS WANTED.— I wish to ob- 
tain following species, in full sets, with data: 
Rdgw. Nos. 61.61a. 67a. 151. 158, 161. 168. 181. 1S.>. 
189. 193a. 198. 198a. 202. 211a. 212. 2i:5. 237a. 1.39. 248. 
•249. 251, 321. 425. 432. 443. 449, 456. 473. 482. 487. 490. 
492. 493. 495. 497, 498. 5211. .594. 602. etc. Will ex- 
change for them such species as 581, 463, 464. 469. 
373. 15. etc.. etc. THOMAS H. JACKSON, Box 
I6RS. West Chester. Pa. 

EXCHANGE.— Have lOiX) Cocoons of the 
Southern Polyphemus much richer in color 
and larger than Northeni specimens. Have 
from 300 to 500 Lopd. in papers botli American 
and Foreign. Have a few American Indian 
Arrow heads and fragments of pottery collec- 
tid in Aiken Co.. So. Ca. about .50 in all. Vol. 
1, 2, 3, 4. 5. 6. Young Oologist and Oologist. 
Vol. 13 Ornith jlogist and Oologist. Vol. 1 Am. 
O. and O., Vol. I O. and O.. Semi-Annual and 
copy of Davie"s Key. I want any standard 
Medical Works, any standard Chemical Works, 
or any Chemical Paraphanalia (Retorts, test- 
tubes, etc.. etc. ) First-class sets with data, of 
all the Warl)lers, Less than three varieties 
will not be accepted from any one person. Ad- 
'Iress. S. A. TAFT. Aiken. So. Ca. 

Rare California Views. 

Enclose stamp for catalogue. Sample of 
vl-ws will be sent upon receipt of 35 cents. 

California Art Gallery. Santa Rosa, Cal. 

new Merritt Tjiie Writers (best cheap ma- 
chine made) at only $12.iX). Some but little used 
good as new for J if. 00. One Odell Type Writer, 
nearly new for 11 1.00. One Hammond Type 
Writer, bran new. cost $100.00. will sell tor 
$80.(X). I also have a few Matchless Repeating 
Air Rifles, all new and strong shooters I vrill 
close them out at $2.25. Address, GEORGE 
SWING. San Bernardino, Calif. 


It has been decided that the $1000.00 prizes of- 
fered on Vegetables by James Vick. Seedsman, 
will be contested for at the fair to be held at 
Hillsdale. Mich.. Sept. 28— Oct. 2, 1891. 

There are four prizes on each of the following 
eight varieties of Vegetables— first $65, second 
$30. third $20. ffmrth $10. making in all $1000, 
which is very large and liberal : 

The cost to enter for the prizes is so small we 
cannot see how the Messrs. Vick make any 
profit : for instai.ce. one pacltet of either of the 
following will entitle a person to enter the 

One pkt. Cabbage, All Seasons 10c 

One plit. Celery. Golden Self-blanching 10c 

Potato, Vick's Perfection. 1 lb. iOc. 3 lbs. $1, 

peck. 50c, bushel $1.60, bbl $4.00 

One pkt. Cauliflower. Vick's Ideal ftOc 

One pkt. Tomato. McCullom's Hybrid 10c 

One pkt. Musk Melon. Ii'ondequoit 15c 

One pkt. Onion, Dauvers Yellow Glote 5c 

One pkt. Mangel Wuxzel, (Beet), Golden 

Giant 10c 

Select one or more that you would like to 
grow and enter for a prize. Be sure and state 
in your order that you intend entering for com- 
petition. Write James Vick, Seedsman, Roch- 
ester. N. Y.. for Vick's Floral Guide, which will 
give full particulars. 


Safe. Economical, Convenient, Simple. Neat. 
Durable. No more broken Hanie Straps, no 
more tugging to fasten or release them. Ours 
are quickly and easily operated and always 
secure. Quick sellei'— Large iirofits — Recom- 
mended by all who have used theni. Agents 
wanted everywhere. Sample bv mail 30c. Ad- 
nebago City, Minn. m6 



Of 1, 2, 3, or 4 lines with Pads and Ink 

ONLY 33cTs. 

R, W, rORD, Bristol, Conn. 

lAf ANTED l^ 





Consisting of many rare and desirable specimens; and at prices quoted, collectors 
Mill do well to fill up the gaps in their collection at once. 

^^'e intend after May 1st to vnrvy a large and complete stock of minerals, 
and being pressed for room, we will have to dispose of the followng stuti'ed birds 
at prices nevei- before so low. A nice stand goes with each bird, and the whole 
will be sent post or express paid. 

Common Tern S 

Roseate Teru 

Great Blue Heron 

Green Heron 

Least Sandpiper 

Semipalimated Sandpi. 

Bobwhite _ 

Mountain Partridge 

Scaled Partridge 

Ruffed Grouse 

Red-tailed Hawk, ^vings 
spread tearing Quail. 

fancy stuiup 

Am. Long-eared Owl 

Am. Short-eared Owl 

BaiTed Owl 

1 10 

1 7T, 

8 00 

3 00 

1 10 

1 m 

2 4.T 

1 95 

2 45 

10 00 

3 a^ 

3 10 

4 95 

SawwhetOwl 4 95 

Screech Owl 2 95 

Great Honied Owl 9 W 

Westru Gt. Horned Owl 6 50 

Hairy Woodpecker 95 

Flicker 1 10 

Phoebe 55 

Bluejay... 1 10 

Longcrested Jay 1 45 

Am. Crow 2 10 

Cow-bird 75 

Red-winged Bl'kbird 95 

Meadow Lark 1 10 

PuriJle Grackle 85 

Bronzed Grackle K5 

Evening Grosbeak 

Am Crossbill .65 to 

Grey-crown. Leuc'sticte 

Am. Goldfinch 40 to 

Vesper Sparrow 

Tree Sparrow 

Slate-colored Junco 

Song Sparrow 

Fox Sparrow 


Northeni Waxwing 

Cedar Waxwing 

Northern Shrike 




Full sets with complete data can be furnished of most species, especially 
rarer ones. All are strictly Ist-class and correctly identified. 

On an order of $5.00 you can select eggs to amount of $2.00 extra. 

2 00 




2 45 



Western Grebe $ a5 

Horned do 25 

Holboel's do 35 

Am. Eared do 18 

St. Domingo do 75 

Pied-billed do _ 08 

Loon 1 40 

Black-throated Loon 1 40 

Pacific do 1 75 

Red-throated do 70 

Tufted Puflin 85 

Puffin 20 

Large-billed Puffin 70 

Homed Puffin 4 00 

Black Guillemot 20 

Mandfs do 95 

Pigeon do 35 

Murre 20 

Calif. Murre 25 

Pallas's- Murre 70 

Brunnich's Murre 20 

Razor-billod Auk 18 

Am. Hei-ring Gull 15 

Vega Gull 95 

Franklin's Gull 40 

Black Tern 08 Bittern 15 

Green Heron 08 

Clapper Kail 08 

La. Clapper Rail 15 

Sora 08 

Fla. Gallinule 10 

Am. Coot 07 

Bartramian Sandpiper.. 30 

Gambel's Partridge 18 

White-winged Dove 25 

White-fronted Dove 45 

Wild Turkev 50 

Marsh Hawk 30 

Cooper's Hawk 20 

Red-tailed Hawk 45 

Red-shouldered Hawk 40 

Fla. Ked-sho'ld'red H'wk 1 10 

Red-bellied Hawk 80 

Sparrow Hawk 18 

Screech Owl „ 35 

Burrowing Owl 15 

Yellow-billed Cuckoo 09 

Black-billed Cu-'koo 09 

Red-headed Woodpecker 05 

Red-shafted Flicker 07 

Whip-poor-will 1 20 

Night Hawk 30 

Arkansas Kingbird 06 

Black Phcebe 15 

Wood Pewee 09 

Western Flycatcher 19 

Little Flycatcher as 

Crow _ 05 

Fla. Crow 30 

Cow-bird o;^ 

Dwarf Cowbird. 
Bicolored Blackbird . 
Trifolored Blackbird. 

Meadow Lark 

Hooded Oriole 


Bullock's Oriole 10 

Brewer's Blackbird 05 

St. Lucas House Finch.. 04 

Arkansas Goldfinch..^.... 14 

Western Lark Sparrow.. 04 

West. C'hiiipins Spari-ow C6 

Samuel's .Song Spari'ow C4 

Herman's Song Sparrow 08 

Towhee 10 

Canon Towhee 35 

Calif. Towhee 05 

Black-throated Bunting.. 05 

Scarlet Tanager .. 18 

Summer Tanager 18 

Cliff .Swallow 03 

Barn Swallf)W 03 

Tree Swallow 10 

Rough winged Swallow.. 12 

Loggerhead Shrike 09 

White-rumped Shrike 05 

Calif. Shrike 05 

Ovenbird 10 

Am. Dipper 80 

Mockingbird 04 

Texas Thrasher 20 

Curved-billed Thrasher.. 20 

Crissal Thrasher 35 

Cactus Wren 10 

Parkman's Wren 08 

Long-billed Marsh Wren 04 

Russet-liack 14 

Olive-liack Thrush 40 

Hennit Thrush 40 

Orders under 50c must contain 10c extra for postage and packing. Larger 
orders sent post-paid. 


10 Hodges Ave., - - Taunton, Mass. 









By N. S. GOSS. 

This Valuable Addition to the Literature of 
Kansas is Now Ready for Sale. 

It is unnecessary for us to say to old residents 
of Kansas anything in regard to Col. Goss or 
bis accomplishments. But to others we will 
say, that he is a life-long Naturalist; an enthus- 
iast in his chosen study of Ornithology : a mem- 
ber of the Council of the American Ornithologi- 
cal Union, and a recognized authority on his 
chosen subject. 

The Goss Ornithological Collection is solely 
the work of this author. Each specimen has 
been obtained and preserved by his own effort, 
and the entire collection— which is one of the 
largest in the country, the result of one man's 
exertions— has been presented to the State of 
Kansas, and is on exhibition in a room in the 
State House set apart by law for that purpose ; 
and his entire time and fortune are devoted to 
its perfection; long and expensive trips are an- 
nually made to Increase the collection. With- 
in a few years he has generously prepared for 
the State, without cost, two separate catalogiies 
of Kansas Birds. 

The book is handsomely bound in full cloth, 
with gold embossed back and sides. There are 
633 pages, beside the photogravure illustrations 
of 539 birds. 

Price. $7.W\ delivered on receipt of price. 
Reduced price for quantities. Saujple page.s 
showing the quality of the paper on which the 
book is printed, and the style of the matter and 
llustrations mailed for stamp. 

The Birds of Greenland 

By Andreas T. Hagerup. Trans- 
lated from the Danish by Frimann 
B. Arngrimson. Edited by Mon- 
tague Chamberlain. 8vo. Paper. 
Sent post-paid on receipt of One 

This is the only complete catalogue of the 
birds that have been found in Greenland which 
has been published since 187.5, when Newton, 
of Cambridge, England, issued a list for the 
guidance of northern explorers. His list, how- 
ever, was published in a large book, with other 
matter, and is not well known. 

In the Hagerup-Chamberlain catalogue there 
are some ten species given that did not appear 
in Newton's list, and several species given in 
the New Catalogue have not before been known 
to occur in Greenland. 

Hagenip is a Danish Mining Engineer, who 
spent two and one-half years in Southana 
Greenland. His notes on the habits of little 
known birds— several of the Sea Fowl. Gyrfal- 
con. Ptarmigan. Redpoll, Snow Bunting, 
Wheatear. etc. are interesting, and many of 
them are valuable. Some of his opinions upon 
disputed points differ from those of the chief 
"authorities." and some of his facts differ from 
those stated by other observers. These are 
stated tersely, and are supported by direct evi- 
dence drawn from his note-book. His oppor- 
tunities have been greater than those of any 
other observer, who" has written of the bii'ds of 

The editor is well known to ornithologists, 
having been one of the founders of the Ameri- 
can Ornithologists' ITnion, and for several 
years an associate editor of "The Auk." He is 
author of The Birds of New Bnmswick. Cana- 
dian Birds, and numei'ous minor jiapers. 

Address all 07^ders to 


-A-ijioioiNr, Tsr. 


VOL. VIII. ALBION, N. Y., APEIL & MAY, 189L No. 4 & 5 

A List of the Birds of Elgin County, Ontario. 

F. L. Farley, St Thoma.s, Outarit 

St. Thomas and vicinity where of these observation.s were made, is sit- 
uated centrally in this county, eight miles from Lake P^rie, north. Kettle Creek 
has its source about fifteen miles north-east from here, flowing around the north 
and west sides of the citj-, and thence to the lake. 

My observations are given briefly, notliing being presumed, only such occur- 
rences as I have personally noticed or obtained from authentic sources are 

Of the well known and generally distributed species, no reference is made, 
but when there are only one or two specimens taken, the authority is given, as 
also the date of the capture, etc. 

I am indebted for valuable assistance in c(mipleting this list, to Mr. B. P. 
Wintermute, Mr. William Dodd, and Mr. Orville Foster, local Ornithologists. 

1. Colymbus auritus (Horned Gi-clie). A toleraldy common spring and fall 

2. Podilymbus podicejJS (Pied-billed Grebe). Occurs under the same circnni- 
stances as the foregoing species. 

3. Urbiator imbcr (Loon). An uncommon migrant. 

4. I'riiiator linnmc (Red-throated Loon). A ver}^ rare migrant; one was 
shot on the mill pond west of this city on the 25th of November, 1886, with the 
chestnut patch on the throat. It is now in ray collection. They are seldom 
taken in this part of Canada in this plumage. 

5. Lams argcntatns smithsonianus (American Herring Gull). Sometimes 
common on the lake during tlie migrations, a few remain all winter. 

6. Lurus pliiludch'/iia ("Bonaparte's (iuU). An uncommon migrant at the 

7. Mergrmser amcricrmus (American Merganser). Our commonest river 
Duck in winter. 

8. Merganser serrator fRed-breasted Merganser). Veiy rare, Mr. Wra. 
Dodil of this city has one in his collection, taken here some yt'ars ago, the only 

9. Lojy/iodytes cucullattis (Hooded Merganser). A regular spring and fall 

10. A7ias boschas (Mallard). Rare, several have been shot on the creek. 

11. Anas obscura (Black Duck). Sometimes appear in small Hocks in spring 
and fall. 

12. ylna.s a?nerica«a (Baldpate). Migrant, not common. 

13. Anas carolincnsis (Green-winged Teal^ A tolerably common spring 
and fall visitor. 

14. Aiuis discors (Blue-winged Teal). Occurs as the prece( ding, more often 
seen in the flocks. 

15. DafUa acuta (Pintail). Migrant, not common. 

16. Aix itponsa (Wood Duck). A regtdar spring and fall visitor. A few 
may breetL 

' 17. Aythya ameiicana (Redhead). Rare. Two shot on the creek in Novem- 
ber, 1880. 

18. Aythya vaUisneria (Canvas-back). A very rare migrant, several shot on 
the pond. 

19. Aythya viarila nearclica (American Scaup Duck). Sometimes common 
in flocks, in H))ring and fall. 

20. (Jlaucionclta dangula amrrirnna (American (iolden-e^'c). A spring and 
fall visitoi", a few remain thi-ough the winter. 

21. Charitondta alljcola (Butlle-head). Quite a common migrant in flocks 
on the ponds. 


22. Clangula hycmalis (Old-squaw). Very rare migrant, I ouly know of 
thi'ee specimens being taken. 

23. Erismatura rubida (Ruddy Duck). A common migrant. 

24. Branta canadensis (Canada Goose). A rare migrant. Occasionally a 
flock is seen passing over. 

25. Botannis lentiginosus (American Bittern) I have found these birds rare, 
may be more common in other sections of the county. 

26. Botaurus exilis (Least Bittern). A rare summer resident. 

27. Ardea hcrodias (Great Blue Heron). A common summer resident. One 
of these birds was seen flying over in January, 1880, liy Mr. George E. Casey of 
Fingal. Seven miles north-west of this city there is a Heroniy, wh<ii-e nearly one 
liundred pairs breed. I visited it on the 24th of May, 1889, in company Avith my 
friend Mr. B. P. Wintemute of this city. It is in an immense swamp, very dense 
with diff'erent kinds of large ferns, and thick oushes, and was nearly knee-deep 
in water. Several of the trees had as many as eight nests in them. The trees 
])referred by the birds for nesting in, were mostly black ash. The date of visit- 
ing we found was about ten days too late, as most of the nests contained young. 

However two flue sets of four eggs were taken. On the 12th of the same month in 
1890 we visited it again, and that date we also found to be too late; although we 
secured several flue sets of e^gs. 

28. Ardea egretta (American Egret). A very rare Visitor, Mr. Wm. Dodd of 
this city, has stutted two that were shot on the creek. 

29. Ardea viresccns (Green Heron). A tolerably common summer resident. 

30. Ni/cUcorax nycticorax mevms (Black-crowned Night Heron). Mr. Jas» 
Haight of Union has a bird of this species in his collection, that we shot on the 
pond at that place, a few years since. 

31. Porzana Carolina (Sora). A common summer resident. 

32. Gallinida galta (Florida Gallinule). A rare summer visitor near St. 
Thomas. May be more common in other sections of the county. 

33. Fulica ainericana (American Coot). This species is sometimes common 
in the spring, and again in the fall, but I do not think it breeds. 

34. PhiJohcla minor (American Woodcock). A common summer resident. 

35. GdUinago delicata (Wilson's Snipe). A tolerably common spring and 
fall visitor. Two birds of this species were shot in a .sheltered spot south of this 
citj'^ on the 4th of February, 1888, and an old hunter told me that he once found- 
a nest and four eggs belonging to this bird north of this city. He said the bird 
was lame, and that accounted for her remaining with us. 

36. Tringa maculata (Pectoral Sandpiper). I find this a rare migrant, hav- 
ing only one record of it, this I shot in the creek on the third of October, 1889. 

37. Tringa bairdii (Baird's Sandpiper). A very rare migrant, I shot one ou 
the 17th of August, 1889, on the creek, this is the only record. 

38. Tringa mimttilla (Least Sandpiper). A rather common migrant at the 

39. Ercunelcs pusilltis (Semipalmated Sandpiper). Appears here as the 
last species. 

40. Calidris arenai-ia (Sanderling). A tolerably common migrant. 

41. Totanus melanoleucus (Greater Yellow-legs). A common spring and fall 
visitor on the creek. 

42. Totanus fJaviiies (Yellow-legs). A less common migrant than the pre- 

43. Totanus solitarins (Solitai-3- Sandpii)er). This bird appears sparingly in 
the spring, and again in August in increased numbers. 

44. B((rtr(trnia longicanda (Bartramian Sandpiper). Mr. Dodd has one in 
his collection, sliot here about twenty years ago, this is the only record I can 

45. Actitis macularia (Spotted Sandpiper). A very common summer resi- 

46. t'haradrins dominicus (American Golden Plover). A rare migrant. 

47. Algialilis vocifera (Killdeer). A common summer resident. 

48. ACgialitis semiimlmnta (Semipalmated Plover). Common migrant. 

49. yfJgialitis meloda (Piping Plover). An uncommon migrant. 

50. Colinus virginianus (Bob-white). A common resident in some parts of 

the county 


51. Bonasa unihcllus togala (Ciinadiaii Rutted (IiDuse) A common resi- 

bi. Meleagris gaUopavo (Wild Turkey). A very rare resident, the last takeit 
in the eounty was one sliot out of a Hock of eight near Eagle, by Mr. Cliarles Ax- 
ford a hunter, in Noveml)er, 188SJ. 

58. Erlvpisles iiiigraturiua (Passenger Pigeon). A rare migrant now, jears; 
ago it was very common. 

54. Zcnaiilura ituicronrd (Mourning Dove). A common summer resident. 

55. (Jathartes aura (Turkey Vulture). Several birds of this species have* 
been taken here. Mr. Dodd has three in his collection, shot within a few miles- 
of this city. 

56. Virc?is hudsonius (Marsh Hawk). An uncommon summer resident, al 
though I have no record of their ijreeding. 

57. Accipiter velox (Sharp-shinned Hawk). A very common hawk during; 
the migrations. 

58. Accipiter cooj)cri (Cooper's Hawk^ A toleral)ly common summer resi- 
dent. j\lr. Wiutermute took a set of five eggs, in May, 1887, near this city. 

59. Buko borealis (Red-tailed Hawk). A common summer resident, a few 
remain through the winter. 

GO. Bulco borealis calurus (VVestern Red-tail). Mr. Dodd shot one in the- 
spring of 1885. This is the only record we have of its occurrence in Ontario. It 
is now in Mr. VV'. E. Sanders' collection in London. 

61. Butco lincatiis (Red-shouldered Hawk). A common summer resident. 
A few remain througii the winter. 

62. Buteo latisgiians (Broad-winged Hawk). Sometimes these hawks di)pear 
in large ilocks in the fall, l)Ut tliis is the only time I have observed them. 

68. ArclUb^iko lagojjus sancli-Johatinis ('American Rough-legged Hawk). A 
rare migrant. 

64! Halia'cins lancoccphalus (Bald Eagle). An uncommon resident, »cveraJ 
pairs have their nests in this county, but tliey are not as common ;ls they for- 
merly' were. 

65. Fiiico colnmbarins (Pigeon Hawk). A rare migrant. 

66. Falco sparverius (Sparrow Hawk). A common summer resident. 

67. Pandion haliaetus carolinensis (American Osprey). An uuconuuon sum- 
mer resident. 

68. Asio wihonianus (American Long-eared Owl). Several of these birds 
are shot every winter. A farmer living south of this city found a nest of th<^ 
Crow occupied by this species, out t>f which iu; took two eggs, and left 
two to hatch. He found tiie nest on the 18th of April, 188i). 

6SI. Asio accijiitriiins (Short-eared Owl). A rare winter visitor, do u.ot think 
they l)reed. 

70. Nyctala acadica (Saw-whet Owl). Some winters these little owls are 
found in small numbers, and othtus they are never seen. Two were shot about 
a mile west of this city, in the same woods, at dill'erent times, in May, 188i),_a 
male and female, which looks as if they had reared their young, or had a nest ia 
that locality. 

71. tiyrtiium ncbnlosum (Barred Owl). They use to be our commonest o^l, 
but of late years they have decreased greatly in numbers They have been found 
breeding here. 

72. Afcyascops asio (Screech Owl). Resident, not common. 

73. Bubo vir-ginianu.t [Gveiithnvned Ow]). A common resident. 

74. Bubo virginianus arcticns ('Artie Horned Owl). This Inid is (piite like 
the foivgoing in habits, food, etc., l}Ut is lighter in phunage. I have one shot iit 
November, 1886. 

75. Nyctea nyctea (Snowy Owl). An irregular winter visit(U-. 

76. Cuccyzus ainericanus (Yellow-lMil('<l Cut-koo). Conunon summer resi- 

77. ('occijzns eryUirop/dhalmus (Black-ljilled Cuckoo). A moie common 
•species than the foregoing. 

78. Ccry/e alcyon (Belted Kingfisher). Common sunirnei- resitlenl, havci^ 
seen them in December and January. 

71). JJryobaks vil/os?is Icucauicla.s (S'>v\\u'vn Hairy \Voodpeck«'r). Commou. 
winter visitor, init a rare summer resident. 


80. Dryobates piii/escens {Downy \\()Oi]Y>ec]i('r). Coimiioii ivsitleiit. 

81. Sphyrapiciiii vai'kis (Yellow-Ijellied Sapsiicker). Spring aud fall visit- 
:aut. A few may breed. 

82. CVo/>/;/fr'«.-f ;^(Vfa/?/ .5 (Plleated Woodpecker). A rare visitor. I saw three 
•on the 31st of March, 1888. 

83. Mdanerpes cri/throcephalus (Red-headed Woodpecker). A common sum- 
.luer resident, a few remain through the winter. These birds are not nearly as 
.common as they formerly were. 

84. Melanerpes carolinus (Red-bellied Woodpecker.) A tolerablj' commc n 
winter resident, I think a few breed here. 

8.'). Colaplci auratas (Flicker). A common summer resident. Have seen 
them remain through the entire winter. 

8(3. Anlrostomus uoci/mts (Whip-poor-will). A tolerably common summer 

87. (Jhordeiles virginianus (Nighthawk). Common summer resident. 

88. Cluvtura j)dagica ((Hiimney Swift). Common simmer resident, 

8y. Trochilus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird). Summer resident. 
9Q. Ti/rdnnus tyrannus (Kingbird). A common summer resident. 
91. Myiarchiis crinitiis (Crested Flycatcher). A tolerably common summer 

1)2. Sayornis phcebe {Yhoihii). A verj' common summer resident. 
. 93. i 'oiilopus virens (Wood Fewee). Common summer resident. 

94. Eriipulonax minimus (Least Flycatcher) Common summer resident. 

95. Otocoris alpcstris praticola (Prairie Horned Lark.) Common resident. 
'iJenerally more numerous in winter than in summer. 

96. VyunocitLa cristala (Blue Ja_v). A common resident. 

97. Corvus corax .si?i««<;/.s- (American Raven). A very rare migrant. I have 
VUD record of its having been taken recently in this county. 

98. Corvus (imtricanus (American Crow). A very common resident. 

99. DoUchonyx oryzivo)-us (Bobolink). A common summer resident. 

100. Mulotlirus (iter (Cowbird). An extremely common summer resident. 

101. ^'l</c'/ra'?<.s ^^//cc/HVe?/^ (Red-winged Blackbird). Common summer resi- 

102. "ilurncUa magna (Meadowlark). A common summer resident, have seen 
ithem in January on two occasions. 

103. Icterus s2:)urius (Orchard Oriole). Until the last few years this bird was 
•considered a very rare summer resident, but of late it has become quite common. 

104. Jrterus galbuJd (Baltimore Oriole). Common summer resident. 
lOo. Hculccophagus carolinus (Rusty Blackbird). A common migrant. 

lOtj. Quiscalus quiscula ceneus (Bronzed Grackle). A common summer resi- 

107. C'occothraustes vespc7-tina {Evening Grosbeak). An accidental winter 
■visitant, the only records I have of its being taken or observed in the county, are 
:a *pair, a male and female shot by Egertou Farley on our grounds, on the 22d of 
.January, 1890, and a third shot by myself a week later, there were about a dozen 

in the lirst Hock. 

108. Pincula enucleator (Pine Grosbeak). A very irregular winter visitant. 

109. Carpodacus purpureus (Purple Finch). Common as a summer resident, 
•but less so during the winter. 

110. Jj)xi(( cnrvirostra (American Crosbill). An irregular winter visitant. 

111. Acanllds linaria (Redpoll). Some winters these birds appear in large 
iiocks, and again they are entirely al)sent during the whole season. 

112. Spinas tristis (American G(ddtinch). A common resident. 

113. <S>w«/.spt;i?/.'* (Pine Siskin). An irregular winter visitant. 

114. Flcctrophcnax nivalis (Snowflake). A common winter visitant, remain- 
ing as late as the lirst week in April. 

115. Fooccetes gramincus (Vesper Sparrow). A common summer resident, 
arriving very regularly on the 7th of April. 

110. Ammodrnnms sandwichensis savanna (Savanna Sparrow). A tolerably 
common summer resident. 

117. Zonotrichia le^icophrys (W\\\t(i-L'vo\\ni'i\ Sparrow). A c( mmon migrant. 

118. Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow). A more common mi- 
jgrant llian the foregoing species. 


119. Spizella monticola (Tree Sparrow). A common migrant, and winter 

130. Spizella socialis (Chipping Sparrow). Our commonest native sparrow. 

121. Spizella pusilla (Field Sparrow). A tolerably common summer resi- 

122. Jrinco hyemalis (Slate-colored Junco). A common resident. 

123. Mdospiza fnsciata (Song Sparrow). A very common summer resident, 
occasionally met with in mid-winter. 

124. Melospiza georgiana (Swamp Sparrow). A very unobtrusive bird, very 
seldom noticed by any other than the collector. In some parts of the county it 
is quite common, especially in the large marshes. 

125. Passerelln iliaca (Fox Sparrow). A very rare migrant, 1 shot one on 
the 19th of April, 1888, west of this city, this is our only record. 

126. Pipilo erylhroi)hlhahmis (Towhee). A common summer resident. 

127. Cardtnalis cardinalis (Cardinal). Accidental. Mr. Dodd has one in his 
collection that he shot about 1860, and Mr. Orville Foster of tliis city shot one, a 
male in full plumage, west of St. Thomas, on the 4th of May, 1890. 

128. Habia ludoviciana (Rose-breasted Grosbeak). A common summer resi- 

129. Passerina cynnca (Indigo Bunting). A common summer resident. 

130. Spiza amcricann (Dickcissel). A verj' rare summer resident. A nest of 
this bird was found near Union Pond in 1885, containing four eggs, they are no-w- 
in Mr. M. G. Kain's collection of this city. 

131. Piranga erythromelas (Scarlet Tanager). A tolerably common summer 

132. Progne mibis (Purple Martin). A common summer resident. 

183. PetrocheUdon lunifrons {CWfi ^wviWov!). A common summer resident. 

134. Chelidon erythpogaster (Bavu Swallow). A common summer resident. 

135. Tachydneta bicolw (Tree Swallow). A tolerably common summer resi- 

136. VUvimla riparin (Bank Swallow). A common summer resideni. 

137. SUlgidopteryxserripenni»(^v>\\^\-\\\vL%%A Swallow). An uncommon sum- 
mer resident, generally found in company with the proceeding species. 

138. Ampelis gaiTulus (Boiiemian Waxwing). A very rare winter visitant. 
Mr. Dodd shot several out a large Hock about the year 1875, and has two of them 
in his collection now. He said they were very common that year. 

139 Ampelis cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing). A common summer I'esident, often 
observed during the winter. 

140. DiniuH boreaUs (Northern Shrike). A regular Avinter visitant, arriving 
from the North in October and departing in March or April. 

141. iMnius Indavicianus excubitorid^s (S^\\\t&-x\\xax>Q6.^hv\kQ). An uncommon 
summer resident. 

142. Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo). This birtl is the commonest representa- 
tive of this family. 

143. Vireo philadelphicm (Philadeli)hia Vireo). A very rare summer resident, 
our only record was one that was shot by Mr. B. P. Wintermute on the 15th of 
May, 1889, at Port Stanley. 

144. Vireo gilvus {W iiYhYm^ WvQo) . A common summer resident. 

145. Vireo fiavifrons (Yellow-throated Vireo). An uncommon summer resi- 

146. Ft><JO soZrtrtrws (Blue-headed Vireo). A rare migrant, only two specimens 
taken, both in May, 1888. by myself. 

147. MniotilUi 'oaria (Black and Wiiite Warbler). A tolerably common summer 
resident, more common as a migrant. 

148. Helminthophila chrysoptera (Golden-winged Warbler). A tolerably com- 
mon summer resident. 

149. Helminthophila rufimpilln (Nashville Warbler). Common as a migrant, 
and I think a few might breed, but so far we have; no record of their doing so. 

150. HelminthophiU ceUita (Orange-crowned Warbler). A very rare migrant, 
Mr. Orville Foster and myself each got one, a male and a female in tlie same or- 
chard, on the 11th of May. 1889. On the 15th of the same month Mr. Winter- 
mute shot a male near Port Stanley. 

151. Helminthophila percgrina (Tennessee Warbler). The Only record I have of 
this bird being taken here, is one I shot early in September, 1889. 


152. Compmthlypu americana (Parula Warbler). An uncommon migrant, 
might breed. 

153. Bendruka astivn (Yellow Warbler). This is our commonest warbler. 

154. Dendroiai cmrulesceiis (Black-throated Blue Warbler). An uncommon mi- 
grant, being very irregular in their movements, sometimes not appearing during 
the spring migrations. 

155. Demlroica mronata (Myrtle Warbler) A very common migrant. 

156. Dendroica maculom (Magnolia Warblei'). A common migrant. 

157. Dendroica coArulca (Cerulean Warbler). A tolerably common summer res- 

158. Dendr'oicn pennyhanica {Chestnni-sideA Warbler). A common summer 

159. Dendroica castanea (Bay- breasted Warbler). Mr. Wiutermute shot one on 
the l(5th of May, 1889, at Port Stanley, this is the only record. 

160. Deiidroica striata (Black-poll Warbler). A tolerably common migrant. 

161. Dendroica blackburrbi(£ (Blackburnian Warbler). An uncommon spring 
and fall visitor. 

162. Dendroica virens (Black-throated Green Warbler). A common migrant. 

163. Dendroica palmarum hypochrysea (Yellow Palm Warbler). Several of these 
birds have been taken, but they are by no means common. 

164. Seiunts aurocapillus (Oven-bird). A common summer resident. 

165. Seiurua noveboracensis (Water Thrush). An uncommon migrant. 

166. Seiurus motacilla (Louisiana Water Thrush). Tiiis form occurs sparingly 
throughout the county. It is not as common as the foregf)ing species. 

167. Geothlypis ogilis (Connecticut Warbler). A rai'e migrant. I shot one on 
the 30th of May, 1888, and Mr. Wintermute shot one on the 24th of May, 1889. 

168. Geothlypis trichas (Maryland Yellow-throat). A common summer resi- 

169. Sylcaniapusilla (Wilson's Warbler). I generally find these warblers reg- 
ularly in the spring and fall. 

170. Sylvania canadensis (Canadian W^arbler). A tolerably common migrant. 

171. Setophoga ruticilla (American Redstart). A very common summer resi- 

172. Anthus pensylvanicus (American Pipit). A tolerably common migrant. 

173. Galeoscoptes rarolinensis (Catbird). A veiy common summer resident. 

174. Harporhynchvs rufus (Brown Thrasher). An uncommon summer resi- 
dent. They have decreased greatly in numbers during the past five years. 

175. Troglodiftes aedon (House Wren). A common summer resident. 

176. Troglodytes hyemalis (Winter Wi-en). These birds generally appear in 
small flocks, l)ut regularly during the migration. I have never yet observed 
them in winter. 

177. Cistothorus palustris (Long-billed Marsh W'ren). A very unevenly distrib- 
uted species. Two of three pairs nest near this city, but these are the only ones 
I know of. 

178. Certhia familiaris americana (Bi-own Creeper). Appears under the same 
circumstances, and in company with the Winter Wren. 

179. Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch). A common resident. More 
often seen in winter than in the breeding season. 

180. Sitta canadensis (Red-breastedNuthatch). A common migrant, some- 
times observed in winter. 

181. Pai-^m atricapillus (Chickadee). A well known bird remaining all the 

182. Uegiilus satrapa (Golden-crowned Kinglet). A common migrant, often 
observed in mid-winter. 

183. Regulus calendult (Ruby-crowned Kinglet). Not so common a migrant as 
the foi'egoing species. 

184. J'olioptilla carulea (Blue-gray Gnatcatcher). A tolerably common mi- 
grant, might breed. 

185. Turdus mustelinus (Wood Thrush). An abundant summer resident. 

186. Turdws fuscescens (Wilson's Thrush). Not as common as the foregoing 

187. Turdus vstuMus swaimonii (Olive-backed Thrush). A rare migrant, I 
shot one oa the 7th of May, 1887. 



188. Tardus aonalawhkcf pallasii (Hermit Thrush). A common migrant. I saw 
several and shot one on tlie 13th of Deceml)er, 1878, also saw one on the 10th 
of December, 1890. 

189. Menila migratoria (American Robin). An abundant summer resident, 
often observed in winter. 

190. Stalia niaUs (Bluebird). A common summer resident. 
The above list includes 190 species, divided thus: 

Residents 20 

Migrants 74 

Summer residents 75 

Winter visitors 14 

Accidentals • 7 

Total 190 

Handom Notes on the Belted Kingfisher. 
{Ceryle alcyon.) 

The Kingfisher although a "common 
bird" it's habits are but little known to 
many of our collectors. It's erratic 
flight and queer rasping call, demands 
jLtteation and creates surprise every 
■\yhere. The Alcediuidre are known in 
nearly every country, and in °many 
places they are held in superstitious 
*lread. To the poor ignorant Tartan 
and. Ostiacs of India their feathers are 
SL charm against all evils. They are 
the halcyon bird of the Ancients from 
\irhose habits of incubation arose the 
tei-ni "Halcyon Days" or those days 
vrhich are particularly peaceful and 
happ3'. The English species is smaller 
than our Belted Kingfisher, also of 
brighter plumage, though their nesting 
habits are the same. 

To frequenter of creeks or small 
rivers this bird is one of endless inter- 
est. A careless observer would think 
it to be of no small size (judging from 
it^ bill and head which are grotesquely 
out of proporti<jn to the weight of the 
body), as it suddenly dashes l)y you 
ivith its peculiar harsh call and beauti- 
ful metallic plumage. Yet upon exam- 
ination it proves to be scarcely as large 
as a dove. In South-Eastern Kansas 
"where I took my first notes on this bird 
It is very abouudant, staying all winter. 

Manj' a time while skating have I seen 
the peculiar antics of this bird in search 
of small fish around the shallow and 
unfrozen pools of the river. 

They begin nesting about the last of 
April and raise from 6 to 14 young. 
Their nests are but rarely disturbed 
owing to their position. I have found 
the nest proper as far as 12 feet back 
from the face of the bank, the tunnel 
usually sloping from the nest to the 
opening. Speaking from exjierience, 
the collecting of their eggs on the high 
banks of rivers is no easy thing, were it 
not that they always tunnel their nests 
near the top of these steep banks but 
few could 1)6 collected at the locality 
fi"om which they are taken, for after 
digging a couple hours to find nothing 
at the end, is enough to dampen the 
ardor of the ordinary oologist. Re- 
markably, on three-fourths of all the 
nests which have had eggs I would also 
find a bird, and in one instance the 
the bird had broken all the eggs when 
I reached tiie nest, either through fright 
or natural meanness. 

A Kiuglislier may well be called a fit 
example of i)atience, upon seeing one 
sitting quietly for hours at a time on a 
dead stub or drift near the water wait- 
ing for a meal. We might draw astrik- 
contrast. Their manner of catching 
fish is a very peculiar one, and orginal 
to their family. I take an instance 



from my notes of last summer, it was 
June 6. I was walking a long the bank 
of a creek when my attention was 
attracted by the peculiar motion of a 
Kingfisher seated on a snag in the 
creek, he was moving his head back- 
ward and and forward, it made a shad- 
ow on the water. He continued this 
for sometime and I was wondering 
whether he had a "jag" on, so to speak, 
or whether he had swallowed a fish 
crosswise, when suddenly' he I'ose ob- 
liquely in the air to a distance of about 
15 feet when he turned and made a dash 
for the water almost perpendiculai'ly 
coming up with a good sized perch. I 
am inclined to think that the shadow 
attracted the fish. I have also seen 
them fall on pieces of flesh from dead 
animals near rivers and creeks. I at 
first thought they were after the meat, 
but after seeing them capture three or 
four small fish which were attracted by 
the carcass, I concluded it was the fish 
and not the meat they were after. 

The Kingfisher, all in all, is a very 
interesting bird and of whose peculiar 
habits I have never grown tired of 

John VV. Mykhantz, 

Ashland, Ohio. 

The English Sparrow. 

A number of years ago few English 
Sparrows were to be seen in Nebraska 
City. When the packing houses locat- 
ed here, they constructed a large num- 
ber of sheds and yards. This was a per- 
fect paradise, for the Sparrows, for food 
could be procured easily. Their whole 
time was occupied in constructing nests 
and rearing young. Soon this place be- 
came to small for their numbers. Some 
ejected the Blue-birds and Martins 
from their homes, others laid claim to 
the woodpecker's holes, still others 
took possession of the Bank Swallow's 
burrows along the river. 

In the fall of 1889 two lonely Spar- 
rows were seen to alight on my Grand- 

fathers farm which is a distance of six 
miles from the city. Early in March 
1890 they returned and immedit'tely 
established themselves in a nest, that 
had been built and occupied for years 
by a pair of Barn Swallows. When 
the Swallows returned they were 
promptly driven oflf by the squatters. 
Instead of the pleasant twittering and 
flash of gay wings, we heard nothing 
but the'''harsh rasping scold of Passer 
domesticus throughout the whole sum- 
mer. After the breeding season Avas 
over 1 found b^' a cai'eful examination, 
that the flock contained fifteen mem- 
bers. But a sad day came, — they left. 
Over the side of their old brood-uest an 
unfortunate Sparrow swa3'ed, to and 
fro, in the breeze, hung by a horse hair» 
I send the following newspaper clip- 
ping, hoping the readers of the OoLO- 
GiST who have the future safety of our 
native birds at heart, will try this way 
of exterminating this free-booter, Avho 
evidently thinks this whole universe, 
with all it's Wi"eu, Blue-bird and Martin 
boxes were constructed for his especial 
benefit: "Dr. S. B. Collins, the noted 
o]Mum and morphine habit doctor of 
the world, gives a sure and safe way of 
exterminating the pesky English Spar- 
row. He says feed them corn-meal and 
salt, one pint of salt to one peck of corn 
meal. The salt should be dissolved in 
water and throughly mixed with the 
meal, then dried. The best time to des- 
troy them is in cold weather, when food 
is scarce. Within thirty days every 
Sparrow in the United States can be 

J. Ellis McLellan, 
Nebraska C\iy, Neb. 

A Few Articles for the Collector. 

An article which will be found very 
convenient in collecting, is a cheap fish 
reel and one hundred feet or more of 
strong small line. This will be found 
very useful in hauling up a collecting 
box, etc., to a high nest, also in meas- 
uring height of nest from the ground. 
It IS well to have a small snap hook 
fastened to the end of the line. 



A gdod collecting case for an extend- 
ed trip, collecting water birds eggs 
from a boat etc., is made as follows: 
Get a box of light material and suitable 
size — mine is 17 inches long, 11 wide 
and 7 deep, made from 3-16 inch mater- 
ial, corners dovetailed together. Nail 
the cover on tight, and saw the box 
in two so that each half shall measure 
17x11x3^ (if jour box is the same size 
as mine). Hinge the two parts together 
on one of the 17 sides so that the 
case will open like a satchel. It may 
be fastened with small hooks and, if 
satchel lock cannot be pnjcured, with a 
liny hasp and padlock. The case 
should be covered with heavy duck can- 
vas.s, and this should be treated to sev- 
eral coats of asphaltam, which renders 
it nearly waterproof. The interior 
may be divided up by thin board parti- 
tions into compartments of size to suit 
the taste. It is well to haA'e one com- 
partment specially for carrying climb- 
ers in, and one or two others may be 
for other instruments. A like this 
will hold a great many eggs. 

Small nets, of at least three sizes will 
be found of value, one a!)out five inches 
in diameter, the other two, two and one 
inches respectively. These should be 
made with a good stiff wire frame, and 
the net made of cotton twine. This 
will be found to be better and to last 
longer than cloth or mosquito netting. 
The two smaller nets may be crocheted 
and the larger one made as follows: 
Having got the wire frame ready, fasten 
it up in a convenient place to work on. 
Cut the twine in lengths about three 
times as great as you wish the depth of 
the net to be (for this net should be 
about twenty four inches). Double in the middle and loop them onto 
frame at a distance apart varying 
according to the size you wish the 
meshes of your net to be. After having 
fastened these entirely around the 
frame you will have the twine hanging 
in two strands, each place. Separate 

these and lie, forming half meshes. 
When the first row of knots is complete 
continue on the second in the same 
as the first. Continue in this way until 
the net is nearly as deep as you wish it 
to be, then narrow rapidly, by tying 
the succeeding rows of meslies smaller. 
When the aperture at the l)ottom be- 
comes so small that the number of 
strings become troublesome, tie the 
knots very tight and clip off one string 
from each pair, and continue to tie as 
before. When the number of strings 
is sufFicently reduced these may be tied 
together and the ends clipped oft". 

The wire handle should now be bent 
in form on an oval hoop. This net is 
tied to the end of a pole when needed 
and is useful in scooping the eggs from 
nests of Hawks etc., which could not be 
otherwise reached. The two smaller 
nets ai'e left with long wire handles and 
are used in taking the eggs from nests 
in hollow trees and banks. 

A hook made of stiff wire, with looj) 
for tying to a pole, is useful in bringing 
nests on long slender liml)s within 
reach. The collector should always 
have plenty of twine with him as he will 
frequently need it very much. 

A climbing strap is of almost as much 
value as climbing irons, and the collect- 
or who wishes to take Hawks and Owls 
eggs should never be without either. 
A climbing strap should be at least fif- 
teen feet or more in length, and two 
inches wide, made of good leather in 
two parts, buckling together in one 
place, and fastening with a snap hook 
and several stout rings at distances of 
six inches apart, in the other. A good 
d(;scription of a strap will be found in 
the Mar. — April 188G nnnil)er of the 
OoLOGisT, page 20. A water i)lowei- 
and a case instrument ai"e l)oth iudis- 
pensible to the collectors. These have 
both been described in former numbers. 
A good dark lantern will be found of 
great service at times, both for inve.sti- 
gating nests in holes, and for use in 



"shady" night collecting. It is a good 
thing to prepare a few eggs for substi- 
tute for Hawks eggs in case of finding 
an incomplete set. This may be done 
by selecting hens eggs as near the size 
and shape as possible, boiling them 
liard, and spotting them cai'elessly with 
brown paint. Last, but not least, Lat- 
tin's new Hand-Book should always be 
in the pocket ready for reference. For 
constant use it will be found that the 
flexible leather covers are decidedly 
preferable to the paper. 

B. S. B. 
Ontario ('o., N. Y. 

Screech Owl- 
Megascops asio (Linn). 

This pretty mottled Owl is found 
throughout the eastern part of the 
United States and Canada; west of the 
Rocky Mountains. 

He is known by vartous names, some 
of which are, "Mottled Owl," "Little 
Red Owl" and "Gray Owl." 

The female is from nine and a half, 
to ten inches long; the tail being about 
three and a half inches; the male is 
nearly the same size. 

The Screech Owl is speckled and bai"- 
red; the grouml color is gray or i-ed, 
the two colors beai'ing no relation to 
age, sex, or season. The two condi- 
tions of the plumage, gray and red, 
generally give rise to the belief that 
they are two distinct species. This, 
however, is erroneous. 

The food of the Screech Owl consists 
of mice, insects and small birds. 

He has ear tufts about one inch long. 

March 17, while I was out for Owl's 
eggs, I caught a Gray Owl on the nest. 
Immediately after I had removed her 
from the hole, she disgorged a ball of 
fur and bones common!}' known as 
"Owl Spit." 

The nest was built in a hollow limb 
of an apple tree, and. composed of 
sticks, leaves and feathers; to my dis- 
appointment there was no eggs. 

She is brown on the back with a few 
white markings; the breast and under 
parts are white, beautifully mottled, 
and barred with brown; the eyes are- 
large and yellow. When she is disturb- 
ed, she grates her beak, (making a 
noise like that which is produced by 
snapping the fingers) and puffs out her 
feathers. It is queer, but so, that I 
have not heard her utter any n*)ise- 
other than that which I described above.. 

The eggs, like those of other ow^ls^ 
are pure white and nearly round; they 
measure on an average 1.40x1.20; front. 
four to six are the number usually laid,, 
but sometimes eight or nine make np- 
the set. The nest is made in a hollow 
tree, stump, barn or shed. The notes- 
of the Screech Owl are uttered in a. 
tremulous, doleful manner, and may be^ 
heard a hundred yards or more. 
He is an entirely inoft'eusive species, 
and not unfrequently flies about during: 
the daytime. 

H. T. Greene 
Montclair, N. J.. 

Western Meadow Lark. 

{Sturnella magna neglecta.) 

The Western Meadow Lark is founcK 
regularly, from that tier of states bor- 
dering the Mississippi on the west to> 
the Pacific; to the north as far as Britisb« 
Columbia and Manitoba; and aouth- 
ward into the northern limits of West- 
ern Mexico. It is found sparingly east 
of its regular range within the territory 
of its cousin, Sturnella magna. It is 
imperfectly migratory and breed Si 
throughout its range. 

The Western Mfeadow Lark is!, a com- 
mon resident of California. Almost, 
every grassy plot has at least a pair oi 
these agreeable tenants. The spring: 
breezes that waft across these happy 
homes come to the ardent student of 
Nature ladened with the delicious fra- 
grance of unnumbered flowers, and 
the sweet strains of the Meadow Lark. 



bestowing upon his mate melodious as- 
surances of tidelity and love. Then a 
Goldtinch. in undulating flight, festoons 
the other with its plaintive song. Emul- 
ous and with joy-ghnviug breast, the 
lark springs from his grassy covert to 
wing his brief, uncertain course; as he 
rises on fluttering pinions he glances at 
every side, his throat swells with blithe- 
some song, the musical accents resound 
throughout the meadow: his tlageoletie 
song ceases, a short sail and a few Hut- 
ters terminates his Might. 

From morass, thicket and woodland 
come the voices of Warblers, Wrens 
and Thrushes, " joined in harmonious 
union, loud rings the concert of appro- 
bation; the Mockingbird, accompaning 
his strains with aerial evolutions, leads 
the throng; the rhapsody of the Thrash- 
er, the whistle of the Wren-tit, even 
the sad pc-wee of the Phcebe bird help 
swell the chorus. A swoop and the 
fierce shriek of a hawk silences all. 

The great interior valle3s of Califor- 
uia, the valleys of the Sacramento and 
San Joaquin, which combined extend 
over four hundred miles in length and 
from foi'ty to sixty miles in widtli, seem 
to be the mitural home of the Western 
Meadow Lark. I can conceive of no 
place more thickly populated with these 
merry denizens of the tields than that 
part of the San Joaquin situated in the 
western part of Tulare county known 
as Lucerne Vale, a district of about 
four hundred square miles. Here are 
extensive wheat tields; the monotony of 
the scene is broken by farm houses, 
iiere and there, surrounded with poplar 
trees and orchards, and also l)y darker 
hued fields of Alfalfa, in early summer 
the color of whicli is in marked contrast 
to the ripened grain. Lines of droop- 
ing willows, which fringe the banks of 
capacious irrigation canals, weave their 
way througli these fertile plains and 
can be traced for miles until the}'^ be- 
come as threads anil are lost in the 
dimness of the distance. 

Far in the cast the Sierra Nevadas 
left their lofty forms in rude grandeur 
above the plain; Mount Whitney. 14880 
feet in elevation, towers al)ove the 
others and presents to the sun, a glitter- 
ing, snow-capped peak. The Coast 
Range mountains can l)e traced a dim 
outline on the western hoi-i/on. Such 
is the model home of Ihe Western 
Meadow Larks. 

Unmolested, they congregate here in 
countless numbers. On driving along 
the road, they arise in Hocks from the 
road-side, fluttering a snort distance 
and settle again. They are easy to ap- 
proach — a poor marksman, indeed, is 
he who mast All his bag with Meadow 

The flight of the Mea<low Lark is 
peculiar. It springs from the ground, 
ghiuces abcnit as if in fear and beats it.s 
wings in a laborious manner; after at- 
taining a certain height it flys and sails 
alternately, it but seldom entiu's upon 
protracted flights, yet when shot at it 
sails and flies, until lost in the azure 

The nesting time is from the middle 
of April to July; the nest is built in a 
tuft of grass and is well concealed. 
The eggs, four to si.x in numl^er are 
white, spotted with reddish-brown. 
The Larks make model parents, show- 
ing great solicitude for their ^oung. 
Harky C. Lillie, 
Santa iJarbara, Cal. 

Hermit Thrush- 
(Turdus aonahisclibi: pallasie.) 

Of the family Turdidcc resident in 
Southern New lingland the Hermit 
Thrush is undoubtedly the rarest. 
This bird, as its name implies, is soli- 
tary in habit; and one must search in 
the deep woods away from the "haunts 
of man '" to find it. 

On the nineteenth of June, 1S87 I had 
th(! good fortune to discover a nest and 
eggs of this si)ecies in Hartford county, 
this state. I had set out to look for a 



few plants of the Piuk Cyrepedium. In 
my search I entered a deep wood by an 
unfrequented road. On one side were 
low trees and saplings intermingled 
with Inishes' where evidently the 
attempt to clear the land had long since 
been abandoned. On the other side a 
forest stood which had not yet yielded 
to the encroachment of man. Tall pines 
their lower branches interlocking ren- 
dered an ingress a difficult task. Here 
and there, were open places filled with 
dense shrubbery snd undei-growth. 
Clumps of Mountain Laurel and the 
low whortle-berry bushes were inter- 
spersed now and then with a bare sandy 
tract covered with pine needles. 

Into this wilderness I plunged to obtain 
if possible the object of my search (and 
here let me say, although I was not 
particularly successful in this, a greater 
pleasure was in store.) Pushing aside 
the branches impeding, I advanced into 
one of the open spots previously men- 
tonied, upon my approach, a Hermit 
Thrush flew from a e-lump of bushes 
near by, and alighted a short distance 
away. My suspicious aroused — I pene- 
trated the shrubbery from whence the 
bird had fiown. Much to my delight I 
discovered the nest containing three 
eggs. The opportunity for making the 
identity cei-tain was given: for the 
thrush was still near at hand. The nest 
was a rather Ijulky aflair composed pf 
grasses, weed-stalks, leaves and strips 
of bark, lined with dried grasses. It was 
placed in a wh(n-ttle-berry bush about 
two feet from the gi'ound, at the point 
where the slender branches dividing in 
several directions form a crotch of va- 
rying size. The eggs were greenish-blue 
in color darker than those of the Wilson's 
Thrush(7';<r(ZM.9 fuscescens) and larger. 
I regret to say that but one egg was 
taken. This measui-ed .88x.66, as this 
specimen was partially incubated, the 
set must have been complete. 

An Observer, 
Hartford Co, (/onn. 

Aves Urbis. 

Such a beautiful morning, the air so 
fresh and clear, the sun so bright! Just 
the day for a trip in the woods and here 
3-ou are helpless because of that sprained 
ankle. Do not give up entirely, there is 
a good deal of ornith(jlogy to be learned 
in the trees around ^our citj' home, and 
many a pleasant half hour may be spent 
in the discovery of birds you had sup- 
posed unique to the fields. 

We dwell in the heart of a city of 62000 
inhabitants but have the good fortune 
of a roomy back 3'ard with five fine 
apple trees; as many more stand over 
the fence in a neighbors yard and in 
this minature orchard manj' birds dwell. 
In and about this yard I have observed 
74 species, 21 of which have been found 
breeding, quite a numljer for so limited 
an area. 

Of all the aquatic birds but one has 
been observed, and that a solitary 
Woodcock flushed from the long grass 
in earlj- spring. Bobwhite once made 
us a flying visit for the purpose of 
eating our grapes, The Raptores sent 
only Cooper's and Sparrow Hawks as 
their representatives while the Picidfe 
were generous enough to bring to 
notice five species. The Flycatchers 
have at various times exhibited six 
species of which Traill's was the most 
remarkable. P>oth Orioles, the Cowbird, 
and Bronzed Grackle^ comprise our 
Sternidaj but of Fringillidaj we have 
a goodly number, fifteen species swell- 
ing the list. The tramp English Span-ow.s 
have nearly disappeared, thanks to re- 
lentless persecution on my part, thus 
leaving room for their more welcome 
relatives. Purple Finches pay us visits 
in spring and fall and are especially 
weli'ome because of their sweet songs. 
White-winged Crossbills and Pine 
Finches have once dropped in on us but 
the Red Crossbills are not on the list. 
Fox Sparrows and Towhees are with us 
in spring but soon depart, the one for 



it's Northern breeding phiee.s, the other 
for the surrounding countrj'. When the 
apple blossoms are just in their prime, 
with a true eye for the beauty of contrast 
the Scarlet Tanagers and Rose-breasted 
Grosbeaks come, catching flies from the 
tops of the trees. Bohemian VVawvings 
tantalized me on Sunday morning when 
I dared not shoot. It is si.rprising 
to see how many of his favorites 
the Warbler admirer could find 
in haunts apparently unsuited to them. 
During migrations Creepers, Nashville, 
Yellow, Myrtle, Blaek-thr. Green, Oven 
liirds and Yellow-throats are abundant 
while Tennessee, Golden-winged, Cape 
May, Black-thr. Blue' Blackl)urnian, 
Prairie, and Wilson's Warblers are not 
so common but still not rare. Other 
birds one would not expect are Ruby- 
crowned Kinglets, Wood. Olive-backed 
Gray-cheeked, and Hermit Thrushes. 

With all these who would despair of 
a pleasant trip among his friends even 
through fortune may frown on his 
country attempts? 

Stewart E. White, 
Grand Rapids, Kent Co., Mich. 

A Muoh Occupied Nest- 

A rather peculiar case of the nesting 
of birds came under my notice lately, 
and I will try and tell the readers of 
the Oologist about it, hoping it may 
be of interest to some. 

In a grove not far from the city a 
pair of crows built a nest in the fork of 
a tree early in April. Perhaps they 
fitted up some old hawks' nests; how- 
ever that may be, they laid their com- 
plement of five eggs which were immed- 
iately secured by an enterprising young 
oologist (?). 

Not long afterwards (about the 25th 
of April) another friend while wander- 
ing in the grfive, shot a nice male Long- 
eared Owl and shortly afterwards came 
to the crow's nest on which Mrs. Long- 

ear was busily' engaged. He "klim" 
up and was rewarded with a set of four 
fresh eggs. 

For some time this nest "of my tale" 
had a rest but on May 6. a pair of Coop 
er's Hawks were hanging around and 
on the twelfth a set of four were taken 
and the male, who was on the nest at 
the time was shot. 

Again on May 22d while I was collect- 
ing Warl)lers in the same patch, I 
noticed a Broad-wiugetl Hawk sail 
around over the trees and thought I 
would take a look at the nest. After 
an easy climb I found one egg of the 
Broad-wing. Afraid to leave this I 
substituted a hen's egg in its place and 
went out two days later and got an- 
other, adding another hen's egg decora- 
ted with umber "spots" and "blotches." 
Two days later [ went out again and 
found that some enterprising oologist 
had taken the "decoys" and killed one 
of the birds. I heard later an amateur 
egg-collector who does it for the "fun" 
of the thing, relate in glowing terms of 
the taking of an incompleted set of 
Broad-winged Hawk's eggs on which 
the spots washed out, but he added, I 
have positive identity because I "nail- 
ed" the bird! 

About the middle of June the nest 
was again occupied by a pair of crows, 
probably by some birds who had lost 
their first set, these birds only laying 
three eggs. Not visiting the nest any 
more I am unable to say positively 
what happened. However I heard that 
the young birds had been taken bj' 
some farmer boys for pets. 

Now the only thing needed for this 
story to make it a "whopper" was for a 
Horned Owl and then a Red-tailed 
Hawk to have occupied in turn before 
the Long-eared Owl, but truth forbids. 
The nest still stands and I hope will 
yield more sets the coming spring. 


Minneapolis, Minn. 



The Whip-poor-will. 

"When purpling shadows westward creep 

And stars through crimson curtains peep, 
And south winds sing themselves to sleep ; 

From woodlands heavy with perfume 
Of spicy bud and April bloom 

Comes through the tender twilight gloom, 
Music most mellow. 

'Whip-po'-will— will, oh I 
Whip-po'-will— will, oh I 

Whip-po'-will, whip-po'-will, whip-po'-will 
—Will, oh!' 
The bosom of the brook is filled 

With new alarm, the forest thrilled 
With startled echos, and most skilled. 

To run a labjTinthine race 
The fireflies light their lamps to chase 

The culprit through the darkling space — 
Mischievous fellow. 

'Whip-po'-will— will, oh ! 
Whip-po'-will— will, oh ! 

Whip-po'-will, whip-po'-will, whip-po'-will 
—Will, oh I' 
From hill to hill the echoes fly 

The marshy brakes take up the cry. 
And when the slumbering waters lie 

In calm repose, and slyly feeds 
The snipe among the whispering reeds, 
The tale of this wild sprite's misdeeds 
Troubles the billows. 

'Whip-po'-will— will, oh! 
Whip-po'-will— will, oh ! 

Whip-po'will, whip-po'-will, whip-po'-will 
—Will, oh!'" 

Arriviug here abaut the tenth of 
April, the return of the Whippoorwill 
i.s welc-onied bj- almost every one as a 
happ3' signal of the near approach of 
tlie balmy days of spring. His famil- 
iar notes, which are listened to with 
such interest by all, are at first heard 
from s<;me retired part of the woods, 
but soon he begins to visit the more 
open fields and roadsides, and fre- 
, qneutiy ventures within a few yards of 
our dwellings. These friendly visits 
have l)cen regarded by the superstitious 
as omens of disaster, bence we some- 
times hear of death or some misfortune 
which has followed these nocturnal 
visits. It is very remarkable how the 
syllable representing the notes of this 
bird, are changed to suit the fanciful 
imaginations of ditierent persons. To 
many it resembles the syllables whip- 

pooi'-wiU, from which its name is de- 
rived. To me it is a distinct articula- 
tion of whip-o-will. Mr. Laugille says 
to his ear it is like ''chick-hoo-rhee." 
We are informed by Nuttall that some 
of the Indians tribes gave to this bird 
the name "Wecoalis,'''' for the same 
reason that it has been given "Whip- 
poor-wilV in English. By the casual 
observer there is no distinction made 
between the note of the Whip-poor-will 
and that of the Chuck-wills-widow, no 
difference being known between the 
two birds, as they are rarely or never; 
as a result; the notes are heard as com- 
ing from one bird. This may be an 
explanation of some of the various 
renderings by different ears. It is not 
our purpose to criticise, but unless it be 
considered as poeticr license, which per- 
mits the use of peculiar forms and ex- 
j)ressions, the author of the pleasing 
and expressive lines as quoted above 
must have fallen into the same error. 
Observe "will-oh,''' at the conclusion of 
each line representing the song which 
follows each verse. This seems to be a 
c )rruption oiwid-ow, the last two syll- 
ables of the Chuck-will's-widow's note; 
the sound of d being displaced by that 
of I. In habits the Whip-poor-will and 
Chuck-will's-widow are ver3' similar, 
retiring to some unfrequented part of 
the woods during the day, there 
remaining in perfect silence, and un- 
seen. But no sooner does night spread 
its curtains of darkness around, then 
the woods begin to reverberate with 
their vociferous notes, which is apt to 
produce a feeling of loneliness upon 
one if alone in the woods at this time, 
yet the sound is not unpleasant. These 
strains die away as night advances, 
when at the hour of midnight aM is 
silent, Init start afresh in the morning, 
saluting the dawn with their "melod- 
ious music." 

Many are the erroneous ideas enter- 
tained by intelligent persons, who have 
never taken the pains to ascertain the 



true facts regarding the Whip-poor-will. 
The Nighthawk or Bullbat, which can 
be seen iu summer evenings, a few 
hours before sunset, skimming over the 
green meadows, describing his semi- 
circles and cutting his oblique lines 
through the air, uttering all the while 
his harsh note, accompanied by an 
occasional "booming" is supposed by 
many to be the sanio bird whose note 
a little later is change to the Whip-poor- 
will's song. There are others, less 
enlightened, who are possessed with 
the curious notion that at the first fall 
of frost this mysterious bird of the 
night is transformeil into a frog, and 
thus spends the Avhole winter season in 
entire seclusion, until called out again 
by the fiist sound of thunder in early 
spring, when he again asumes his form- 
er shape, once more becoming a mes 
senger of bad tidings. 

Laying begins in this latitude about 
the middle of May. So far as I have 
. observed^ both the Whip-poor-will and 
Chuck-will's- widow, during the day, 
remain near their nests or the spot to 
be cho.sen for the nest. I have secured 
eggs of both species by locating the 
bird. This can be done by going about 
sunset, to some locality where they 
frequent, and remaining quiet until the 
first note is heard, which is usually 
preceeded by a low clucking sound, 
then creep stealthily in the direction 
from which the sound comes, so as to 
get a clearer view of her position. II 
the effort proves a failure or if there is 
any doubt as to her exact position, it 
would be best to try the experiment 
another evening, until her position is 
located with certainity. When this is 
this is done mark the spot, anil return 
next day, when it is likely the bird will 
Ue Hushed, perhaps near the spot that 
was marked, or, if setting, from the 
nest. Now look can^fuUy in every 
direction, near evei'y bush, beside every 
log or stump, within lifteen or twenty 
yards from the placi; marked. The 

eggs are very likely to be found if they 
have been laid. They are placed on 
the bare leaves, no pretentions, what- 
ever, being made at nest building. 
To follow the above directions, strictly, 
will require a little trouble and some 
patience, but remember the way of the 
true oologist is hard. I hope some of the 
readers will try this plan and report 
through the columns of The Oologist. 
M. C. White, 
Mathews Co., Va. 

Nesting of the Red-tailed Hawk- 

{Butco bor talis) (Jmcl. 

The Red-tailed Hawk or Red-tailed 
Buzzard as it is^ometimes called is dis- 
tributed sparingly throughout this 
section — Eastern Peuna. — and breeds, 
though in some few localities it is con- 
sidered quite common. Broad meadow 
and pasture-lands bordered by heavy 
woods afford this hawk his favorite 
hunting ground. Wherever squuTels, 
cTiipmuuks, ground-mice,, moles and 
small rodents abound some species of 
Hawk will invariably be found breeding 
and also where crows nest abundantly 
they are generally found for the crow 
is in many instances the architect of 
the hawk's nest. This species is the 
largest of the common hawks, it may 
be readily identified by the brownish- 
red color on the under side of its tail. 
The nest is placed in the largest trees 
from 40 to 60 or in a few instances 80 
feet from the ground, many of them 
being practically inaccessible owing to 
the size of the tree trunks. It varies in 
size from that of a crows to a great 
bulky of sticks, grass, twigs, corn- 
stalks and moss as large in diameter as 
a l)uggy wluHil, though very large it is 
comparatively shallow. The number of 
eggs laid is two or three rarely four. 
Tiu-y are bluish-white to a soiled white 
in color heavily blotched and splashed 
with red and chestnut with obscure 
markings of purple on the larger end 



or occasionly one egg of a set is marked 
on the smaller end. In very rare instan- 
ces thej' have been found entirely un- 
marked. The average size is 2.36x1.80 
inches. I report my first find of this 
species for this year on Mar. 20th. 
This nest is placed high in the forks 
of a giant poplar tree in a small grove 
boi'dering a stream. Last year a crow 
built and occupied this nest but owing 
to its being so admirably located a pair 
of Buteos has taken possession of it this 
3'ear. It is about 64 ft. high and owing 
to the size of the tree I think this clutch 
of eggs will remain unmolested. If any 
readers of the Oblogist know of any safe 
and practii-al plan of reaching the 
eggs of species which nest so high in 
large trees^hawks especiallj' — they 
will comfer a favor by having it pub- 
lished in that live and wide-awake 
paper to the interest of collectors — The 
OoLOGi.ST. When flying machines are 
invented I expect to take several sets of 
Red-tails which so far have detied aU 
attempts on the pai't of collector to 
reach them. 

Jos. P. Jackson. 
Kelton. Pa. 

Coopers Hawk- 

The Cooper's Hawk commonly called 
the Chicken Hawk by the farmers, is 
quite common in Western Massachu. 
setts. It is about 18 inches long, and 
has a long slightly round tail some 
eight or nine inches in length. This bird 
can be recognized by its easy flight, and 
which in the open country, is near the 
ground, but when in pursuit of its 
quarry, it is very quick and powerful 
in its flight, and soon captures its prey. 
It is a great nuisance to the farmer who 
wishes to raise chickens for protit. If it 
once gets a taste from a brood, nothing 
excei)t a h<;avy charge of shot fired with 
deadly effect, will drive it away till 
every ciiick has been taken. We remem- 
ber when a bov, that one of these hawks 

commenced to pick up a brood of 
chickens near the house. They were dis- 
appearing fast when one morning on 
going out to feed them we saw the hawk 
sitting on the coop waiting for them 
to come out. We took our gun and 
followed it to a wood lot near by, and 
shot the female on her nest, from which 
we took three eggs. This was in the 
days when we were beginning our col- 
lection of eggs and placing them in our 
cabinet without blowing out the con- 
tents. This nest was in a beech-tree 
about forty feet from the ground and it 
resembled the nest of the Red-tailed 
Hawk, and was built close to the bod3'' 
of the ti'ee. The next year we took four 
eggs from the same nest. This was 
about twenty-five years ago. A few 
years later, while fishing for trout, we 
found another nest beside the brook 
about one half mile from the old place 
containing five eggs. The birds had tak- 
en possession of an old crow's nest which 
they had repaired and used for their 
domestic arrangements. This too, was 
in a beech-tree some twenty-five feet 
from the ground. The eggs were fresh 
and easily blown, some of which Friend 
Lattin took in exchange for eggs not in 
our collection. Our fourth and last nest 
was found in another beech-tree in the 
same wood lot, where the first two sets 
were taken. The birds had taken pos- 
session of a Red-tailed Hawk's nest, 
from which we had taken a set of three 
eggs a few weeks before. We find by 
referring to The Oologist for Decem- 
ber 1886. that the three Red-tailed 
Hawk's eggs were taken April 10, 1882. 
and that the five Cooper's Hawk's were 
taken from the same nest Maj^ 17th of 
the same year, a little more than a 
month later. A description of the diffi- 
culties experienced in securing those 
two sets of eggs, can be found under 
the subject "A Newsy Letter from 
Massachusetts" in The Oologist of 
that date. This bird usually' lays four 
or five eggs. Probably in those instances- 



where collectors have only taken three 
eggs, the set was incomplete or the bird 
had been robbed of her eggs several 
times. The eggs are bluish or greenish- 
white Avith occasiouly a few obscure 
blotches of dark color, averaging about 
1.90x1.50 of an inch in size. In our ex- 
perience with this hawk we have found 
that instead of building its own nest, it 
has repaired either an old crow's or one 
of the larger species of hawk's nest, and 
thus has saved a good deal of hard 
work building such a bulky aflfair. The 
breeding season varies considerably, 
even in the same latitude, with this 
species. Usually the eggs are laid be- 
tween the 10th and 20th of May, but 
some collectors report finding their 
eggs as early as May 1st. and others as 
late as June 1st. A set of their eggs 
makes a fine addition to a collection 
and are well worthy of notice. 

Ekwin G. Waud, 
Palmer, Mass. 

The Eagles of North America, 

BY J. W. P. Smithwick, Sans 

Souci, N. C. 

Gin this article I will try to describe 
the different species of eagles that in- 
nabit North America, and give a few 
notes on each species. Only tiiree spec- 
ies of these grand birds make this Con- 
tinent their home; but these are the 
noblest and finest of the whole family. 
What nobler bird than the Bald Eagle — 
the emblem of our Republic — can be 
found anywhere; and, the Golden 
Eagle, too, cannot be surpassed in state- 
liness. Eagles are birds of very great 
strength and power of endurance, cap- 
able of performing the longest journey 
seemingly, without fatigue. 

BALD EAGLE {HciUmetus leucocephdlus .) 
Tliis eagle frequents the whole of 
North America, Init is more numerous 
in Florida than anywhere else. Dr. 
Coues says in his Key, that it inhaljits 
N. A. anywhere, common — for an 

eagl(!. The size of the Bald-headed 
species, varies from thi'ee feet to three 
feet and three inches in length; and in 
extent, from six to eight feet, and I 
have even heard of them being killed 
which measured nine feet in extent, but 
have never met with an instance of this, 
and therefore I cannot verify the state- 
ment. Several years ago, four Bald 
Eagles were fighting in the air over my 
grandfather's farm, when two of them 
clinched and fell to the ground, not 
many yards away from the house. 
They thoroughly terrorized the two col- 
ored people that were working thei'e, 
because they believed that Judgement 
Day had come, and this occurrence was 
to warn them of its appi'oach. One of 
them, an old man started for the house 
to get the gun. When he got to the 
steps, he changed his mind and thought 
that he would take them alive, and 
started back; but when he caught sight 
of the birds his heart failed him, and he 
started to the house again half running, 
only to repeat the same performance as 
soon as he reached the door steps My 
aunt and the colored woman in the 
meantime assailed the eagles with a 
board apiece, and in a short time dis- 
patched them both. When they came 
tlirough the yard gate, each carrying a 
dead eagle, they saw the old man still 
running back and forth, calling out, 

"Oh! Miss S , Where's de gun, 

Where's de gun." h\ answer to him 
they held up their eagles, which ccnu- 
pletely overcame him to think that they 
should kill them without a gun. 

The Bird of Washington which the 
immortal Audubon thought was a new 
species was notliing more than the im- 
mature Bald Eagle. In speaking of 
The Washington P^agle, Audubon's own 
words are: "It was in the month of 
February, 1814, that I obtained the first 
sight of this noble bird (meaning the 
Hui)posed new species. The Bird of 
Washington), and never shall I forget 
the delight it gave nw. Not even Her- 



schel when he discovered the planet 
which bears his name, could have ex- 
perienced more rapturous feelings. 
We were on a trading voyage, ascend- 
ing the Upper Mississippi. The keen 
wintry blasts whistled around us, and 
the cold from which I suffered had, in a 
great degree, distinguished the deep in- 
terest which at other seasons, had been 
wont to wake in me. I lay stretched 
beside our patroon. The safety of the 
cargo was forgotten, and the only thing 
that called ray attention, was the mul- 
titude of ducks of different species, ac- 
companied by vast flocks of swans, 
which from time to time passed us. 
My patroon, a Canadian, had been for 
years engaged in the fur trade. He 
was a man of much intelligence; and 
perceiving that these birds had engag- 
ed my attention, seemed anxious to find 
some new object to divert me. An 
eagle flew over us. How fortunate! he 
exclaimed, 'this is what I could have 
wished. Look, sir, the great eagle, and 
the only one that I have seen since I 
left the lakes.' I was instantly on my 
feet, and having observed it attentively 
concluded as I lost it in the distance, 
that it was a new species quite new to 

A few years after this Audubon had 
the pleasure of killing one of this sup- 
posed new species, and pi-eserved it. 
Afterwai"ds he made a drawing of which 
it took him fourteen days to complete. 
He gave it the name of The Bird of 
Washington. As great a Naturalist, 
and bird-lover as Audubon was he had 
made a mistake. His new species was 
nothing more than an immature Bald 
Eagle. Such must certainly be the 
case, or some other Natui'alist would 
have seen this new eagle, and noticed 
it. Mr. Webber in his book, "Wild Scenes 
and Song Birds" says in regard to the 
certainly new species: "That Mr. Aud- 
u])on has made a mistake in regard to 
the fact, of this being a new species." 
Bald Eagles nest in Florida more 

than anywhere else on this Continent. 
There, ^ilong the Indian River region, 
you can -And the nest and be able to see 
one or two more not very far distant. 

I know where a pair of eagles nest in 
this county (Bertie) every year, but 
that is all I know about it. I have of- 
ten wished that I could climb to it; but 
it is useless to wish, since the nest is at 
the top — the very pinnacle — of a very 
high dead pine. This pine is in a 
swamp, on the left hand bank of the 
Cashi River where it empties in the 
Albemarle Sound, and if any I'eader of 
the OoLOGiST wishes to know the exact 
situation of an eagle's nest, will take a 
Geography and look at the place, he 
will see the place where a pair of Eagles 
build every year and raise their young- 
ones in safety, from the simple reason 
that I am not able to obtain their eggs. 
GOLDEN EAGLE {Aquila chvysaetus.) 
This species is about as common in 
California as the Bald Eagle is in Flor- 
ida. They usually build in the moun- 
tain cliffs, but often appropriate trees 
for this purpose. In all cases their nest 
is very hard to reach, as they build in 
the highest trees that they can And, or 
else upon inaccessible crags of the 
mountains of which of either they can 
find a plenty, because the counti-y 
round about California is noted for these 
two things. The Golden Eagle is very 
near the same size of the Bald Eagle, 
but differ greatly in plumage. The for- 
mer is of a rich golden brown, while 
the latter is a Vandyke brown with 
white head and tail. In Asia Minor 
this species is very common, nesting 
among the Taurus Mountains in the al- 
most inaccessible crags and clefts. It- 
is witli great difficulty that the nests 
can be reached. I have a set of two in 
ray collection that was collected there, 
and the description of the nest on the 
data reads thus: "Nest, was made of 
sticks, sods, feathei's, bones, etc., placed 
in a clift", reached by a man being low- 
ered with ropes from above." By the 



above you see that it is as haul to get 
to the uest after you fiud it, as it was to 
find it. The Golden Eagle also is 
known to breed in the mountainous dis- 
tricts of New Engl^iud and New York. 

These are the birds that trouble the 
sheep-raisers of the West. I have been 
told that they swoop down upon and 
earrj' off the joung lambs so unexpect- 
edly and easy that it is inipo.ssible to 
keep a lookout for them and prevent 
them from catching the unfortunate 
lambs. But the eagles must be fed. and 
I suppose that this is as good as any 
way. It is only a lamb gone, and the 
eagles feast thei'eon. 

In the cliffs and high trees where 
they build, they laj' generally two, but 
sometimes three eggs. In color they 
vary from almost pure white to thickly 
spotted with brown, with shell mark- 
ings of lavender and purplish. 
GRAY SEA EAGLE {Halioeetus albicilla. 

This eagle is admitted to the Check 
List of North American Birds upon its 
occuri'ence in the southern part of 
Greenland. As its name implies, it is 
truly a Sea Eagle hardly, if ever being 
found far inland. They breed quite 
commonly in South Greenland, and 
abundantly along the coast of Great 
Britain in the rocky cliffs that ovei'- 
hang the ocean. They, like other eag- 
les, la3' two and sometimes three eggs — 
plain white in color. 

Nesting of Black-capped Chickadee in Kala- 
mazoo Co., Mich- 
{Pains rtricrpitlvs.) 

The Black-capped Chickadee may be 
found in these parts through the entire 
year. Although I think it migrates 
and those found here in winter breed 
farther north. 

Its bold habits make it to most people 
a well known bird. The nest of the 
Chickadee when once its habits and 
general nesting sites are known, is very 
easy to find. The nest according to my 

observations is usually placed in a hole 
made by the birds in a small stump 
from four to eight inches in diameter, 
and from one to three feet from the 
ground, always in a swampy place or 
near water. A nest found April 22d, 
1889, in a small ash stump 18 inches 
from the ground. The entrance to this 
nest was one and one half inches in 
diameter and the cavity live inches 
deep, larger at the bottom than top and 
tilled about half way with moss, fur, 
hair and tiberous bark. The eggs seven 
in number were covered over, a habit 
of the Chickadee bofore leaving the 

A nest found April 27th, 1889, in a 
stub that leaned over a creek. The 
birds had drilled in from the under side 
and had a young bird fallen from the 
nest, nothing would have prevented it 
from going in the water. The entrance 
was about three feet from the surface of 
the water. This nest contained six 
slightly incubated eggs. 

A set of six slightly incubated eggs 
was taken from a small poplar stump 
May 6th, 1889. The stump was in a 
swamp nearl}' covered with tall, rank 

The bird was on the nest when found 
and had to be removed in order to se- 
cure the eggs. Another set taken May 
9th, 1890, from a stub that ran oblique- 
ly from the body of an alder bush, con- 
tained eight nearly fresh eggs, a lai'ge 

The stul) Avas about four inches in 
diameter and two feet from the ground, 
when I first found the uest I broke 
open the hole and found but one egg. 
I went to a marsh near, got some long 
grass and with it tied the thin shell 
back to its place. Ten days later I 
went to the nest and found eight eggs 
as above stated. This nest I have in 
my cabinet. It is built of green 
moss and bits of bark, lined with bits 
of fur, hair and a few small feathers. 
The eggs of the Chickadee do not dif- 



fer greatly and can be distinguished 
from all others in this locality. Color, 
white, marked sparingly over the en- 
tire surface with reddish-brown spots, 
chiefly at the larger end. 

B. R. W. 

Nesting of the Purple Finch- 

This species also known as the "Lin- 
net" arrives in this locality about the 
first of April, and but few remain with 
us to breed. 

I was fortunate enough last 3'ear to 
have the pleasure of finding a nest of 
Carpodacus purpureus^ which now is in 
juy possession, with four of the finest 
specimens of the eggs I ever saw. 
1^ While passing through an apple or- 
chard on June 30th, 1890, my attention 
was drawn to the opposite side by the 
Canary-like song of the above species, 
which I did not recognize at first. 
After walking to the other side of the 
orchard, there upon the top-most 
branch of an apple tree sat the male so 
absorbed in his song as to be oblivious 
to all around him; glancing to the op- 
posite side of the tree I saw a small 
shallow nest built upon a branch about 
eight feet from the ground. 

The nest generally consists of a frame 
work of vegetable fibres, grass stems 
and strips of bark, and lined with min- 
ute fibres closely woven together. 

The eggs are oblong-oval, and vary 
in size and configuration. They are a 
pale emerald green and spotted with a 
dark brown. 

The average size of the set taken by 
me was somewhat larger than any I 
ever saw. The average measurement 
being .89 by .69 of an inch. 

Charles A. Ely, 
Monmouth Co., N. J. 

The Red-eyed Vireo ( Vireo oUvaceus.) 

The Red-eyed Vireo is a quite com- 
mon summer resident in this locality, 
as it is in all the eastern part of this 

country. It is one of the most joyful 
and tii'eless of our feathered songsters. 
One can hardly stir out of doors during 
the spring and summer, without hear- 
ing snatches of its melodious song. Its 
song seems too large for its body, and 
to swell and burst out without assist- 
ance from its owner. It builds its nest 
between the fork of a small limb gen- 
erally near the tip. The nest is firmly 
woven of fibers of bark and lined with 
grasses or pine needles. 

In some parts of the country the nest 
is said to be placed almost invai'iably 
in maples, but I have seen it here in 
both beech and apple trees. It is us- 
ually placed within arm's reach, though 
I once saw one twenty feet up a cedar 
tree. The eggs are sometimes two, 
sometimes four, but generally three 
and rarely five. They have a pure 
white ground rather thinly dotted with 
reddish spots. Those in my possession 
average .80 x .56. The bird itself is a 
slim, graceful, olive-brown creature 
about three inches long. It has a way 
of jumping and darting from limb to 
limb, in and oxit of sight and peering at 
you when you are near its nest. 

W. E. Aiken, 
Benson, Vt. 

A Living Egg-Blower. 


If collectors have tried eveiy possible 
means of blowing badly incubated eggs, 
such as eggs that are about to hatch, 
drill the hole a little larger than usual, 
and apply a leech. 

The leech will suck the blood out of 
the chick till it becomes so full that it 
drops off, keep on applying other 
leeches which in turn will suck their 
share of blood, till nothing remains but 
the skeleton and skin, the latter of 
which oologists already have their 
methods of removing. Remember this 
is only a suggestion . 

Robinson C. Watters, 

Baltimore, Md. 




AMoNTHLY Magazine Devoted to 



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and address all subscriptions and communica- 
tions to FRANK 11. LATTIN, 

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V Articles, Items of Interest and Queries 
lor publication should be forwarded as early Ip 
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We have a bushel (more or l<^.s.s) of 
queries to answer and notes and items 
to sift out, N>liich should have appeared 
in this OoLOGiST. Pressure of other 
business prevented. Will try and have 
them in June issue sure. 

During the past two years we have 
mailed the OoLOGlST between the 5th 
and 10th of each month. Owing to a 
large amount of extra work, we were 
unable to mail last month's issue until 
the loth. In order to "eateh up" and 
to mail future issues on the^r.s^ of tiie 
month we make this issue a double 
number and mail it on April 25th. We 
think this change will prove highly sat- 
isfactory to our friends as this issue 
contains double the usual amount of 
rea<ling matter, and future issues will 

be mailed not later than the first day of 
tlie month of issue, and possibly on the 
25th of the preceding month, in Avhich 
fa.s<', our patrons would receive their 
OoLiXiisT by the first of the month. 

All copy for June Oologist must be 
received not later tlian Mav 20th. 

Bird Life of an Islet. 

BY w. N. c. 

Situated in Casco Bay, on the coast 
of Maine, distant about three-quarters 
of a mile from the nearest laud is an 
islet which though not large is of inter- 
est to the Collector as being the home 
of a number of birds. The writer has 
visited this islet a numi)er of times and 
collected .somewhat in the oological line 
upon it, and now proposes to offer a 
fi>w notes upon the species occuring 

a Although bird life teems I have seen 
but four species, namely: The Sharp- 
tailed Finch, Spotted Sandpiper, Arctic 
Tern and Bank Swallow. I have 
named these in the order of their abun- 

First let us speak of the Sharp-tailed 
Finch. They are abundant in every 
sense of the word; the island fairly 
swarms with them, l)ut in spite of their 
numbers they hide their nests so cun- 
ningly that it takes considerable time 
and patience to discover one; since the 
writer is sadly deficient in tlie later 
quality, all of his nests were discovered 
accidentally. I have found three sets 
of four and one of si.x, all placed in the 
side of the iKink tliat skirts the rocky 

The little Spott(Ml Sandpipers are 
everywliere, ami their obtrusive habits 
make them api)car iij)on one's landing, 
th(! most abundant si)ecies on the islet. 
They are the earliest breeders, and on 
June 24. 1880, I found many fragments 
of egg shells of this species among the 



rocks on the shore. How they got 
tliere I am uuable to state. It would 
seem a curious phice for the species to 
nest. The only set found on this occa- 
sion, perfectly fresh, and probal>ly a 
second one, was placed in the long 
grass of the afore-mentioned hank. 

Arctic Terns are quite numerous, but 
lliey are decreasing, their number be- 
ing much smaller last summer than in 
the two preceding ones, which is as far 
as my observation extends. Their nest- 
ing is as usual. About June *25th is the 
time to look for full sets. The most 
nests are found in the driftage which i.s 
deposited in patches in the salt grass, 
but some are found in other locations. 
Here as elsewhere two or three is the 
common number, Ijut in this colony it 
is sometimes exceeded, for in my short 
experience with it, I have found two 
sets of four and even one of live. 
These latter were undoubtedly all laid 
l)y one bird since they agreed perfectly 
in a rather rare type of coloration. I 
also found six eggs in one nest, but 
these were easily divisible by markings, 
into two distinct sets. 

The fourth species observed on this 
i.slet is the Bank Swallow. There are 
only a few pairs, nesting in the earth 
l>anks with no variation from their hab- 
its on shore. They breed earlier than 
any species except the Spotted Sand- 

I have found the bird life of this little 
islet very interesting, as representing 
four typical species of our native birds 
and I hope my account of it may prove 
so to others. 

Migration of tke Canada Goose. 

( IJrunla (xiualciisi.'i.) 

A long time ago, 1 remember the 
flocks of Canada Geese that passed on 
their semi-annual migration flights. I 
remember the strange feelings I had 
when I saw the large, rare birds. I 
had been told that they were going to 

or from their Ineeding grounds which 
were supposed to be so very far away 
in the cold north that they had not 
been discovered. I had read that their 
nesting grounds were unknown. 

When I would see them passing over« 
head, with strange and beautiful flight 
I would have that pleasure which an 
ornithologist has when he sees some 
rare new bird. Some of the mystery 
and wondering thought connected with 
the "Wild Goose" has been cleared 
away. It is now known to breed not 
only in the northern part of the United 
States, but even as far south as south- 
ern Illinois, Ornithologists have found 
its haunts and studied its nesting habits 
to their pleasure. The migration of 
any bird is an interesting study, but it 
seems to me that the study of this 
movement in the Canada Goose is of 
superior interest. It passes here in its 
fall migration on dark, cloudj' and 
often rainy days. I have wondered 
why it chooses such days to fly, and 
also why they always fly Southeast,, 
instead of South in the autumn, when 
they pass over this locality. It is an in- 
variable fact that they choose such days 
and fly in the directions I have just 
mentioned. I can only account for it in 
this way, In the fall, so I have read, 
great flocks of these birds gather for 
food and rest, after the work of the 
breeding season, on the great plains of 
the West and Northwest. The long 
dreary fall rains come from those direc- 
tions, and bring the flocks of Geese, 
with them. 

About the time of their migration 
thev are probably warned by an ap- 
proaching storm — It is said that birds, 
can foretell changes of weather, — and 
commence their journey, often to be 
overtaken by it before they have reach- 
ed their southern destinaton. Now 
these storms from the northwest may 
be the cause of the direction they pursue 
or it may be they prefer the pleasant 
waters of the Atlantic or the eastern 



part of the Gulf of Mexico to any other. 

In the spring they Hy iu a northwest- 
erly direction, but I can not account 
for this bj- the directions of the storms. 
March 26, 1891, I saw a large flock, per- 
haps 75 in number, flying nearly direct- 
ly west. Can anyone account for this 
direction? I can but guess. They ma}' 
go to breed in the northwest, or they 
maj- gather in large flocks, on the plains 
and then pass on north. 

How many interesting and often per- 
plexing questions are raised by tiie 
study of migration! But it is pleasant 
nevertheless. Last spring on a beauti- 
ful bright daj' I studied the Warblers, 
near a little stream where tinted Hepa- 
tieas were almost as thick as the peb- 
bles at the bottom of the water. I was 
happy in the woods that daj'. But all 
days are not pleasant out of doors. 
When "the days are dark and dreary" 
I feel as much pleasure, almost in see- 
ing flocks of the great Canada Geese 
flying high overhead, as I do when I 
find some rare beautiful Warljler in the 
blossoming April woods. 

Earle a. Bkooks, 
French Creek, W. Virginia. 

Association of Americam Ornithologists- 

A number of the ornithologists, of 
Washington, D. C, and vicinity, met 
with a view to organization, on April 
nth last. The meeting was held at F. 
S. Webster's studio of taxidermy, on 
Penn. Ave., and a partial organization 

The following ofHcers wei'e elected: 

Pres , Rev. J. H. Langille, Kensing- 
ton, Md.; Vice Pres., W. H. Aspinwall, 
1305 Riggs St., Washington, D. C; 
Treas., to l)e fllled; Sec, A. B.Faridiam, 
Bennings, D. C; Board of Correspond- 
ing Secretaries, Chairman, W. A. Mer- 
litte, 118 Md. Ave., N. E. Washington, 
D. C, other See's to be supplied. 

The above name was determint^d on 
and anotht^r meeting appointed in two 

weeks, when an association oigan will 
be determined on, and other matters 
perfecte4. The main object of the 
associaticm is the eflective study of bird 
life by ways and means adapted to 
those wiio are not pi'ofessional natur- 

Corresponding members are desired 
everywhere, especially those isolated 
regarding ornithological tastes. Such 
persons gather much that is new to 
many stutlents of bird life, and as the 
associations headquarters ai'e iu Wash- 
ington it hopes to offer advantages to 
such members-at-large, in the way of 
identiflcation, comparison and the ac- 
counts of eminent naturalists. The 
association having access to the collec- 
tions and library of the Smithsonian 
Institution it will be easy for it to fur- 
nish its members any such information. 
Persons wishing to ascertain more re- 
garding the association and member- 
ship in the same will please write the 
Cor. Secretar}^ oi" any of the officers. 
A. B. Faunham, 

Cor. Sec. 

Notes on Wright's Flycatcher. 
{Empidonax oh.scnn/s) 

The eggs of this species being consid- 
ered quite rare, I thought a few notes 
on the nesting habits would l)e accept- 
al)le. I have found this Flycatcher iu 
young aspens, willows, etc., and usual- 
ly near water, during the breeding sea- 
son, but never have I gained any know- 
ledge as to the nesting habits, until the 
season of 18!K), when I collected a line 
set of three fiesh eggs. Tlie nest was a 
veiy neat structure, eomi)osed mostly 
of soft, but with a few line strips 
of l)ark and a small pi«'ce of twini', 
tightly woven together with a lining of 
horse iiairs. It was plactul in some 
buck-brush, only three feet from the 
ground and but two fe(!t from a creek, 
riic eggs were a pale Ijufly-white, but 
after they were blown, cliangcd to 



white with a delicate I)luish J;inge, j-et 
when liehl to the light, the butfy ap- 
pearance is still visible but is very 

The parent birds were at least from 
from five to ten feet away all the time 
I was near the nest, but didn't seem to 
be excited in the least when I took the 
eggs, although they seemed to be watch- 
ing me all the time. Occasionally one 
would repeat that familiar note which 
sounds something like whit. 

Returning to the same locality later 
in the season I found they had nested 
4igain, this time with success. They 
had raised four young, which were in 
good plumage for the time being. I 
secured one to assure identity to the set 
of three I had previously taken. On 
the same day (June 25) that I collected 
the eggs, I found an old nest, which 
was in all appearances, the same as the 
on-e taken, and it was only about thirty 
feet from it. Probably the same pair 
builds in that locality from .year to 
year. During the coming season I 
shall visit the same place with hopes of 
finding another set of this species. 
Clyde L. Keller, 
Salem, Oregon. 

A Suggestion. 
"They're Exgllsh You Know\" 

She alarming increase in the Import- 
ed Sparrow family, in the United States 
is rapidly driving all our Robins. Blue- 
birds, Purple Martins and other "town 
birds" back to their old haunts in the 

It is a great question among the Bird 
lovers of the. present time as to what 
are the best means for the extermina- 
tion of these pests. Now wliy is not 
this a good way to "thin em out?" The 
^gg season of 1891 will soon be here 
nd the sparrows will be making their 
■nests and laying eggs. Now would it I 
not be a good plan to "locate" a large 

number of nests, and after the full com- 
plement of eggs has been laid and the 
Ijirds began incubating, to "make the 
rounds" and gather up all the eggs? 
Then invite all your ornithological 
friends to a "Grand Egg Breaking Mat- 
inee," have ice cream and cake and 
enjoy yourself generally over the mur- 
der of the innocents. 

"A. M. S." 
Poynette, Wis. 

A Correction- 

In March Oologist in my article of 
"Winter Birds of Linn Co. Oregon," 
"No. 762 Mountain Robin" should be 
No. 763 Mountain Robin or Varied 
Thrush Hesjierocichla ncevia. 

Very truly j'ours, 
Dr. a. G. Prill. 

A Bad Cold Neglected 
Often means a Pneumonia, Bronchitis, 
or Consumption. HuMPHifEYs' Speci- 
fic No Seven is always safe, efficient 
and reliable. Sold eveywhere. 



"The Household, " the oldest and 
l)est Household pudlication in the 
country, is the first on record to offer 
a fine family horse and an elegant 
Goddard buggy, valued at $700, as a 
Premium to the subscriber who shall 
obtain the largest number of new sub- 
scribers to "The household" between 
March first and August Hrst. 

The March, or Easter edition, of 
"The Household, " contains cuts and 
full particulars of this great offer. 
Copies of this number can be obtained 
at the news stands, or will be sent on 
receipt of ten cents by The Himsehold 
Company, 50 Broomlield St. , Boston. 

This offer affords opportunity for any 
collector o secure a and carriage. 



■jg)ACIFIC SEA MOSS.— Some very fine speci- 
1 mens from So. Cal., moss mounted on card- 
board. Price 35c. Wm. BERMAN, Los Ange- 
les. Cal. 


An Illustrated price-list of Electrotypes of 
Birds sent free. Just the thing to use on your 
letter heads, circulars, etc. Engraving to or- 
der. H. A. CARHART, S>Taouse. N. Y. 



^ Apamphlet of information andsb- 

l^st^act of tiie laws, shuwiriK llow to/ 

' j^Obtain Patents, Caveats, Traclp^ 

' vMarks, Copyriehts, sent /rcc./ 

' ^Addreu MUNN iL CO.^ 

-361 Hrondway, 

New York. 



Exotic Bntterflies and Moths 

In brilliant colors and of rare beauty, from India, 
Australia, Africa and south America for ca»h or 
half cash and half in rare eggs or fine bird sklna. 
Also fine cocoons from other countries. Send 5c 
for catalogue. State what you want distinctly. 
Abs^jlutelv no attention paid to postal cards. Col- 
lections made up In cabinets for maseums and 
colleges, containing all the classes of Insects 
from every clime. We have the largest stock of 
Lepldoptera In New England and chaige the low- 
est prices In the United Slates. 


The Book Trnst Knocked Out. 


Some six months ago we liegan the 
piiblication of our reprint of tlie famous 
Encjclopjedia Britanniia in 2.5 Vol- 
umes, which we issiu-il at $IM ])er vol- 
ume. The price of the edition 
always has been and still is $8.00 per 
volume, and the Scribner edition $5.00 
per volume in the cheapest binding. 

That the public appreciate so great a. 
bargain is shown by the fact that over 
half a million volumes of this reprint 
have been sold in less than six months. 

This elegant new edition we still 
offer at the same price, $1..50 pe?- vol- 
ume. This is the greatest bargain ever 
kjiown in books. 

Better still, we will deliver the set 
complete on small easy payme7its, to 
suit the convenience of customers. 

Remember thig is not an abridge- 
ment, but the great Ediu1)urgh ninth, 
edition, reproduced page for i)age, with 
important articles on American sub- 
jects rewritten to date by eminent 
American authors, and new maps, later 
and better than in any other edition. 

Special Offkk.— We claim that our 
reprint compares favorably with the 
high priced editions in every respect, 
and in respect to maps, and strength 
and beauty of bindings is superior to 
them. In order that this claim may be 
tested by personal inspection we make 
the following proposition: We Avill 
furbish Volume I. at (50 cts.— a fraction 
of actual cost — if sent by express. Add 
40 cts postage if wanted l)y mail. 
Amount i)aid fo*- Volume I. "will be 
credited on price of set when ordered. 

K. S. FEALE & CO., 
31."3-3'31 Wabash Ave., Cliicago. 




Tlio onlv Biiccossful ri-inedy for 

Nervous Debility, Vital Weal(ness, 

and Prostration, from overwork or other ciiuses. 
f 1 per vial, or 5 vials and larco vinl powder, for ^, 
Sold by DnuooisTs, or wnt poRti)ald on receipt 

Oor. William and John Sts., N, "£. 

In iiMO 'M >■ 

COLLICCTORS. use "Star Embalming Com- 
pound." which is the best and cheapest 
Jiiade. Price )ii> and .''lOc. Wm. BKUMAN, Log. 
Angeles, Cal. 



Davie's Nests and Eggs improved pocket cun 

OF or Snip Snap. 


Re-Written and Greatly Enlarged, with an 

Introduction by J. Parker Norris, and Full 

Page Illustrations of Nests, etc. by 

Theodore Jasper, A. M., M. D.. 

and ^V. Otto Emerson. 

This work Is descriptive of the Nests and Eegs 
of the Land and Wafer Birds of North America, 
which Includes all the species known to exist— 
those that occur or are indigenous north of the 
Southern United States boundary. Including 
Greenland and the peninsula of Lower California. 

The breeding range of each species Is given, 
the time of nesting, the exact number of eggs 
laid, their color and size together with the chief 
characteristics of the birds. 

The arrangement of the work Is according to 
the new nomenclature of the A. O. U. Code and 
Check List, and the old numbers (Rldgeway's), 
as used in former editions, are placed to the 
right of each species. Throughout the text all 
the common names of the birds are to be found, 
and a complete analytical index of these Is 

An Invaluable book as an aid for the Identifi- 
cation of specimens to all those collecting In the 

The work consists of 475 pages and 13 full page 

Paper Edition, $1.25; Cloth, $1.75. 


Sole Wholesale Agent, 
Orleans Co. A'blon. N. Y. 

We have just received from the 
bindery 50 copi 2s of "Davie's" 
bound in flexible cloth covers. As 
long as they last W3 will send them 
to our patrons for $1.4-0 per copy. 

The new improved Pocket Gun requires no 
powder, no caps, is neatly finished, durable and 
Ban be carried In the pocket, as It welgns only 
three ounces. Will shoot shot or bullets with 
accuracy and force and with a little practice win 
kill birds on the wing or bring them down from 
the highest tree. 

It IS Just the thing for taxidermists, as It will 
kill without spoUlng the game and makes no 

Sample prepaid 15 cts., 4 tor 50 cts. 

Iron frame, straps of best kind ol 

rubber. Send for sample at once and practice on 
the Sparrows. Address, 




Thousandsof customers in every state will testify to the 
luality of VICE'S SEEDS. Don't l">e .Tiinoyed Willi inferioi 
;ood8. Vick's Floral Guide? tlip best issue ever print- 
.'d, contains Uifl large i>aees, colored plates, Grand Novel- 
.ies, worthy of cultivation. Send 10 cents for copy, deduct 
;his amount from first order and it costs nothing. Cash 
?rizes $l(i(io and ?2on. 



on this 1 

& rcncil Stamp only >OwLy 

We will send you one by 
mail on receipt of price. 

Agents Wanted. 

R.W.FORD, BrlstoLConn. 

The Old 



86 Pages of Valualsle Information. 

It gives our regular price list of oological specimens 
and supplies (th •, most complete ever sent out by any 
dealer). It givis -.he common and scientific names of 
all North /Vrrie.ican birds, arranged and numbered 
accordir.g to Ridgeway s (the Smithsonian) nomencla- 
ture of 1881 ; it gives the numbers used in Baird's 
check-list of 1859 and those used in Coue's of 1883^ 
it gives the value of the eggs of over 500 species of 
North American birds, this fact alone making thj 
catalogue invaluable to collectors as a basis of ex- 
change. It names the various families into which the 
birds of North America are divided, and enumerates 
•he birds belonging to each family. It gives, approx- 
unately, the number of eggs in a clutch of every 
American bird. It tells how to prepare specimens for 
cabinet, how to pack them for transportation, with 
many other useful hints. 


*** This Handbook w-as published In 1885, 
but it is now more than s,worth the nominal 
price asked for it. 





It is Avitli great pleasure that I am able to announce that the Mss. 
for a new Oologists' Hand-Book is neaily ready for the printer and, 
that under ordinary circumstances it will be ready for delivery 
early in June. The new Hand-Book, for the money, we think 'ndll be 
one of the most valuable works for one interested in birds, ever pub- 
lished. Our old '85 edition was issued as our catalogue — Our new '91 
edition will not be a catalogue at all, but simply and purely a Collec- 
tors' Hand-Book iu the fullest sense of the word, and will contain, at 
least 150 pages, each teeming with valuable information. It will also 
contain two or three full page plates and many illustrations. The size 
of the pages will be about 6x4 inches, making a volume that can be 
conveniently canied in the pocket. Two editions will be issued, one 
in paper covers at 50c per copy, and the other in flexible leather 
at 75c. 


It will give the common and scientific name of every North Amer- 
ican bird known at the date of going to press. These names will be 
numbered, arranged and given according to the A. O. U. nomenclature, 
they will also be divided and sub-divided into the orders and families 
which they belong. It will give the numbers of each species as used 
in Ptidgway's nomenclature of 1881 and those used by Coues' in 1883. 
It will give the value of the eggs of over 600 species and sub-species of 
North American birds, as fixed by soii:!':^. of the most competant Ameri- 
can Oologists, at date of going to press, this fact alone making io 'uvai- 
uable to collectors, as a basis on which to make exchanges. It vv^iU 
give the breeding range of each species. It will give a considerable 
information about the nest of each species. It will give the shape, 
color, markings and size of the eggs of each species and mil also state 
the number usually found in a set. It will also mention some of the 
more common local names by which e;icli species is known in dififerent 
localities. It will also give a considerable information on the collecting 
and preparing of specimens for the cabinet and will have somethmg to 
say about making cabinets, making exchanges, packing, etc., etc. It 
will also tell how to make a good bird skin, and many otlier useful 
hints and items, most of which will be well illustrated. 

PKICE:— In paper covers, 50c; flexible leather, gilt title, 75c. 



Publisher the OOLOGISTS' HAND-BOOK, Albion, N. Y. 

Sir: Hereivith please find $ for Schick send me by 

mail, post-paid copies of the OOLOGISTS' HAND-BOOK 

for 1891 bound in 


Post Office. ...-. 


Box, Street, or Co 


IJDtil June 1st advance subscriptions, accompanied by the cash, 
wiU be accepted as follows: 

Paper covers, 40c; 3 copies, $1.00. 
Leather " 60c; 3 copies, $1.50. 
Advance subscribers will receive their books by the first mail, 
after w^e obtain them from the bindery. All ordei-s will be filled in 
rotation received. 



Contains a concise account of every species of living and fossil Bird at present 
knotvn on the Continent north of the boundary line between Mexico and tJie United 
States, including Greenland. 

The Fourth Edition, exhibiting the New Nomenclature of the American Ornitholo- 
gists' Union, and including descriptions of additional species, changes, 
etc., up to May i, i8oo. 

GENERAL ORNITHOLOGY.— An outline of the structure and classification of 
of Birds; and 

FIELD ORNITHOLOGY. — A nnanual of collecting, preparing and preserving 

By ELLIOTT COUES, M. A., M. D., Ph. D., Member of the National 
Academy of Science, &c. 


Tlie three former editions of this Standard Text Reck of Ornltliolopy being entirely out of print, 
and still very much In demand, the puhllKhers have spared neither paiiiS nor expense in Ihe prepar- 
ation of -'THE NEW KEY," In wlilcli the whole subject Is carefully I roupht down to date, "roues' 
Key" Is too well known as a leading and authorUlve treatise to rtcjulre icmark. The work contains 
over 9U0 pages and Is fully Indexed with several thousand entries. 






Realizing the fact that a new and strictly re- 
liable directory is jxreatly needed by the collec- 
tors of this country as a medium lor exchanges 
and correspondence, we have decided to com- 
pile one which will meet the demands of the 
pnV'lic. This directory will contain the names 
and addresses of the jn-inciple Ornithologists 
Oologists and Taxidermists of ISTorth America 
and Great Britain, the cards of the principal 
dealers of these countries: exchange and want 
notices, natural historj' press directory etc. 


.^■3 or more pag^s. printed in suitable typ<^- on 
;.'i)od book paper, bound substautialy. in heavy 
tinted covers. The Pkice of this directory 
will be 2f)c after publication, but to those send- 
ing in their names immediately and signifying 
t 'leir wish for a copy, on publication the price 
will be 15c. 


Through correspondence with many prom- 
inent collectors throughout the country'will find 
the general opinion is that a good direc-tory is 
iiadiy needed. W'e will make this directorV a 
LTood one. Great care will be taken to make 
the compilation strictly correct. And as for 
the typographical ajipearance, we are sure you 
will be pleased with it. We solicit your adver- 
tisements for this work. Nothing ob.ieetion- 
able will be inserted and onlv reliable dealers 
need apply for space. PLEASE .SEND FoK 
PROSPECTUS which will explain our plan of 
securing dealers and .<ithers making remittan- 
ces and gives full explanations. 

We will insert a limited number of exchange 
and_want notices at the f ollowin.g rates : 
S .2.") for a 2 line notice 
AO - 5 ■• 
.i\h " 10 " 
.T.T " 12 " 
1.03 " 20 •• " , 

Average 10 words to line. Address free. No 
J^tamp* lakfti. 
Send for prospectus etc. mailed free. 

W.A. Crooks, %. Co. 




We have just purchased of the 
manufacturers at less than actual 
cost of plating, a lot of gold and sil- 
ver plated charm rules, size and 
griuUiations are as illustrated. We 
have less ■than 7."> all told and until 
^Jun e 1st (unless sold before) we 
"will mail them prepaid at the fol- 
lowing low rates : 

Silver Plated 15c regular price SOc 
Gold " aOc " " 75c 

Albion, N. Y- 


I Photography 


Any person se-iding 
us l.Tc' before March 15, 
l«»l. we will, in order to 
introduce o\ir goods, 
send prepaid the follow- 
ing articles, viz: 

Mexican Resurrection 
I' 1 a n t. Instantaneous 
Phot< )graph C a in e r a 
(Will be sold separately 
for 1(lc.)2 Japanese Nap- 
kins, 1 Japanese Envel- 
ope. 1 Leaf from Japan- 
ese Hook. 1 pRg. Scrap 
Pictures. 10 varieties of 
Foreign Stamps. Cou- 
pon good for 2.TC on an 
order of i?1.00 or over. 

The entire package 
will be sent you by re- 
turn mail, prepaid for 
onlj^ 15c. address, 


Gaines, Orleans Co., N. Y. 




I make a specialty of mailing birds same day 
as skinned, or sent "in the flesh after subjecting 
them to a preservative preparation. Enclose 
stamp for Price List. 


If you want anything in the RUBBER STAMP 
LINE, write to '-FORD," for prices. He ^vill 
furnish you a four-line stamp with pads and 
ink for only 3,Sc, post-paid. Address, 

R. W. FOKO, 



mported Japanese & Indian Silk Worm 

Eggs for Seed, in Silk Culture. 

Different species, also the celebrated Madras 
Sill; (!()conns. warranted to be raised succesa- 
fiiUy in this country. Directions given how to 
raise them profitably. Prices Low. 







l.)u])li(atts (Mil lir i(t\iriicd. 


(.;atalogue for stamp. 


New Kodak Cameras. 

You press the btctton, 

we do the resf' 





or ?ak by all Photo. Stock Dealei-s. St>r,d for Catalogue. 


Fead twelve peri'oct aiTowpointi fcr two 
eU'lit-inch king-crabs, or six for two small one ;. 
ivi like olTer for lif teen Inch ones. KOL.LIN T. 
TOM.S, Stamford. Conn. 

ATTENTION 1— Waated collectors to send 2' (3 
cent) stamp.-i for samples and prices of our 
new wooden trav-s. LOUCKS & KINNEY, 114 
Ellis St.. Peoria. 111. 

rnOC'TT ti 1" Species. :/h; : ^ for 75<! : S5 for ^l.SO : 
rUuulljO. 50 for -i.-^.tXi: 7.^. for SS.OO. 111. List. 
Aji- ' FRANK KINNE. Knoxville. Iowa. 

Dealers and Collectors 

Desirous of obtaining fine rare sets of Pacillc 
Coast birds' epgs this season, will do well to 
send rae list of^iiinnts and prices paid. 

Rye Pa^, - Nev. 



Low Prices and Good Wook 

We do all Job Printins in the latest and 

best styles, at bottom prices. 

Printed to order with neatness and dispatch. 

Data Blanks, Naturalists' Labels, Cards, 

Note Heads, Envelopes, Tags, 

Price Lists &.c. 

Send us a copy or write us what you want, 
!vnd pet our prices ' before smug orders else- 
where. We will save you money. Address, 




Katnral Science EstablisiinieDt. 

North /Imcriean 

And Foreign 


Eggs of the Noi-th and South African Ostrich, 
South American Ostrich. lOnieu. Casso- 
wary, etc.. with other rare spe- 
cies from all p.irts of 
the Gloiie 


-EPIOKNIS ATAXIMUS (erst) from rT;uU:- 
g:iM-ar. or.e of e.L-^s is fhir/etn 'licheslonr. 
will hold 2 gallons of water and is eoiuU to U» 
hens' eggs. Pi-ice Jo.ixi. w"lth mounting S4.C0. 

Price of catalogue. 10c. 

Ward's natural Science EstablisiinieDt. 


Anyone wishing to invest 3Ti(iO.CO may securt- 
a splendid stock of Birds' Eggs, worth 
Si;xX).00. This is a. good cliance for anyoKt' 
starting as a dealer in Oological Supplies and 
mar not occur again. Apply at once. F. Vv . 
BURRY .=>3 Foxley St.. Toronto. Canada. 

obtaining convctiy Identified first-class 
and orijinnal sets of Western eggs this season, 
will do well to send me list of wants and prices 
paid, satisfaction guaranteed. N. R. Christi»\ 
Rye Patch. Nev. 

SEND stamp for price-list of Birds' Eggs :it 
rocU-bottom prices, to W. E. PRATT. Lake 
Forest, 111. 



'^m-^ Monthly. "^fj^ eOc. per Year. ^<<1 


ALBION, N. Y , JUNE, 1891. 

No. 6 

Exchanges and Wants. 

Brief special announcements, "Wants," "Ex- 
changes" inserteil in this deparf.neilt for USc 
per a5 words. Noticesover:^> words, charged 
at the rnte of ouc-half cent per word. No 
notice inserted lor less than "Joe. Notices 
which are merely indirect methods of soliciting 
c;u3h purchasers c.;inuot be adinitted to these 
coluuins under auj" cifcumst;;iices. Terms, 
c;ish with order 

HAVK you re;\l Lattin's "Exchange Extra- 
ordinary" in this Coi.oGiST? 

TO EXCHANGE. — Manton's '•Taxidermy 
without a Te;R-her."'bovind in cloth. in tirst-clixs's 
<"ondition ; for hest offer in Entomologists' sup- 
plies. DAVID A. YOUNG. Washington 
Heights, 111. 

exchange: -Will exchange New Jersey 
«'ggs for same. Lattin"s value as per 1S91 Cata- 
logue for yours, .tp^ off for mine. W. WIL-^ 
KINS, Rabway. N. J. 

TO EXCH.ANGE.— Telegraph outfit complete 
key. sounder, battery and wires; for Tuaehinists' 
books or nickel plating outfit. WALDEN T. 
ROWELL, Beaver Dam. Wisconsin. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A 23 cal. rifle globe and 
►•levatinc sights: for Telescope, 1 or more slides 
ir<M'>d condition. .\U correspondence answered. 
VEKRY MARKS. Newton, N. J. 

WANTED.— The correspondence of everyone 
who is Interested in the collecting of Birds' 
Eggs. Write, yon will never regret it. OS- 
WOLD B. COOPER, Coffeyville, Kansas. 

WANTED.- The Boston -OmitholoLnst and 
Oologist," previous to the year 188.5, also any 
• >ther magazines fir works relating to Orntthol- 
og}' for which I will give good exchange in eggs. 
F. L. FARLEY. St. Thomas, Ont. 

TO EXCHANCJE.- Job Printing for Cones' 
Key. Natural History Specimens and Curio. 
Data.s and Laliels any way yoii want them. 
Here is your chance, write "and make offer. 
ELBERT L. POTTER. La Motte, Iowa. 

HAVE you read Lattin's "Exchange Extra- 
ordinary" in this Oor.oGiST? 

TO EXCHANGE.— Large qiuuitity display 
and bfxly type for bicycle or field glass. Curi- 
osities in bulk for Bird Skins. GEO. GUELF. 
T;, Brockport^ N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.- Hopkins and Allen. 22 cal. 
double iiotion re^•oIvers for offer of eggs, 
aiiiouutiug to Si'l.OO or over. C. G. SARGENT. 
Winnebago City. Minn. 

WANTE D. — Good exchange in flrst-class 
eggs (sets preferred) for Stamps, over 2200 var- 
ieties. Eggs and Vols, of Golden Days. Con-es- 
pondence desired, W. C. JONES, Box 23W 
Uradford, Mas.s. 

FOR EVERY !?1.(X) worth of first-class sets, I 
will give a valuable receipt for Arsenical Soap, 
used at the Jardin des Plantes, Paris. A live 
tame Hawk for best offer sets. W. LOUCKS, 
Box 478. Peoria, 111. 

TO EXCHANGE. — Beautiful Cigarette Al- 
bimis. Cards, etc. ; for Indian Relics, Fossils. 
Curios. Confederate Stamps, Coins, etc. EWIN 
L. DAVIS, Box 1.% TuUahoma, Tenn. 

I WISH to exchange first-class carefully iden- 
tified sets, for the same not in my collection. 
Reliable collectors send lists and receive mine. 
HERBERT W. McBRIDE, Elkhart, Ind. 

I HAVE two bald Eagles' eggs, one end- 
blown, other with large irregular hole in end. 
to exchange for Rifle or Revolver. A. C. JOST. 
WolfvUle. Nova Scotia. 

FOR EXCHANGE. — 900 different kinds of 
United States and Foreign postage stamps. In 
album, value $lfi: to exchange for best offer. 
BURT RAYMOND. Addison. N. Y. 

WANTED. — Natural History specimens of 
nearly all branches, in large or small quanti- 
ties. Will exchange specimens or supplies, or 
pay cash. Send list with lowest prices. I ha\t 
some pai)er-cover "Davie's Keys" to exchange. 
C. F. CAKR. Madison. Wis. Jeii 

:i VOLS. Harpers Young People. Old Coins, 
.Stamps, Conff'derate Monev. International 
Album. Send for list "and condition. 
Send your lists. F. L. ENGLEBERT, Des j 
Moines, Iowa. 

WANTED.— To purchase a good collection of 
til -t-class Birds' Kggs. In Sets with datifc. Also ' 
• c:,- singly and iu .sets. Address with li.sts and ! 
i.n..- wanted. JAS. McEVOY Jn., Graham's I 
Warehouse, Park Ave. and Dolphin St.. Balti- 
more, Md. 

.AMERICAN BIRDS."— In reply to dozens of 
queries we take pleasure In aunotindng that 
during the month f)f June we will exchange 
iJavie's iuvaliuible work for any of the Eggs 
wanted In our Exchange Extraordinary at tlie 
following liberal rates: 

Paper cover edition $1.00 in Eggs and 40c cash 
Flexible cloth " " " " (Vic " 

Kxtra " " " " " 90c " 

We make this offer for June only and will 
never renew it. FRANK H. LATTIN, Albion, 
N. Y. 



HAVE you read Lattin's 'Exchange Extra- 
ordinrry" in this Oologist? 

I HAVE a Columbia Volimteer Bicycle. 54- 
inch, in very good condition and a 23 cal. Win- 
chester single-shot ritie in par feet condition. 
Will sell Bicycle for $50. and Rifie for $9. HAR- 
ALSON PACE. Covington, Georgia. 

TO EXCHANGE.— I have a few more sets 
and singles of Franklin's Gull vi'hich I will 
trade for other good species, also the following 
■big cents" for good offer in first-class sets: 
l&yX '47, '51, '53 (2.) '.M (S.) '47, '55, '56 (2,) '63, '51. 
Send Usts. FRANK .HARRIS, La Crescent, 

WANTED.— Minerals, Fossils, Indian Relics 
and Curiosities, for same, exchange fine Fossils 
also Pet. Moss from Iowa. J. M. KILVING- 
TON, Mason City, Cerro Gordo Co., Iowa. 

WANTED.— U. S. and Foreign Stamps, have 
for exchange Stamps. Coins. Indian Relics, 
War Relics. Fossils, MineraLs, Rocks, fresh and 
salt water Shells, Butterflies and Moths, In- 
sects, Corals. Curios. Eggs and Woods, all fine 
specimens. GEO. B. BENNETT, Cor. Beech 
and Lafayette Sts., Terre Haute. Ind. 

HAVE you read Lattin's "Exchange Extra- 
ordinarv" in thisOOLOGisT? 

TO EXCHANGE. — Pirst-class Eggs in sets 
with data of Ridgway's Nos. 1. 3, 12H. 151, 161. 
181,,271,300a. 320. 360. 361. 387, 388. 
516. 557 and others. Also large list of singles; 
for first-class sets or offers. ELMER J. GIL- 
LETT, Barre Centre. N. Y. 

FOR EVERY $2.50 worth of Stamps. Eggs, 
or Curios, sent me, I will mail the 
formula for making the Embalming Prepara- 
tion used at the Smithsonian Institute at 
Washington, D. C. to mount Birds and Mam- 
mals vrtthout skinning. GEO. B. BENNETT, 
cor. Beech and Lafayette. Terre Haute. Ind. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Guns. Revolvers. Mounted 
and Unmounted Specimens, Musical Instru- 
ments and fancy Horn Work ; for Eggs, Skins. 
Mounted Specimens, or i)ersonal property. All 
correspondence answered. CAPT. TESCH, 
Lexington, Neb. 

A 4 x 5 CAMERA taldng either vertical or 
horizontal photograhps. a 3 fold sliding leg, tri- 
pcxi, two doiiMe plate holders 'all of solid pol- 
ished mahogany, landscape lens wltl> 
instantaneous shutter, 3 elaborate trays. 3 
printing frames and a full outfit of chemical 
plates, etc. To exchange for Eggs or Skins. 
Specimen photo sent. No attention paid to 
those not sending Usts, or to cards. HARRY 
B. SARGENT, No. 399. Lexington Ave.. New 
York. N. Y. 

WANTED A CAMERA.— I have a collection 
of Eggs, nearly 100 varieties, many rare, a kit 
of Taxidermist's and Oologist's Instruments. » 
small Microscope, first five volumes The Ooix)- 
GiST. bound and imbound. books on Taxidermy 
etc. and a few other articles, to exchange for 
Photo outfft complete. CHAS. J. THOMSON. 
746 North 30th St. Philadelphia, Penn. 

THE FAST MAIL will bring you California 
Eggs, Skins. Minerals. Curiosities. Job Printr , 
ing, etc., in exchange for your Natural History i 
specimens. Tools, Supplies, Useful Articles, 
Office Materials, Apparatus (scientific) Natural 
History books. Send lists, U. L. HERTZ & 
Co., Napa City, Cala. 

TO EXCHANGE.— 5 second class eggs for 
first class singles listed over 10c. "Spare bour>> 
made profitable" a nice book for offers. DICK 
WAUGH, Plattsmouth. Neb. 

TO EXCHANGE.— 45 cal. loaded catridges, 
second-class Eggs, and a Magic Lantern : for 
first-class Eggs. JAMES EGBERT, Fort D. A. 
Russell, Wyoming. 

WANTED.— Bird's Egge in sets or single; for 
Magic Lantern. Press, Rifle. Books. Papers, 
Revolver and Eggs. All answered. FRANK 
L. BURRILL. Lisbon Centre. Me. 

NOTICE 1— I have a Printing Press complete 
to sell for $5. Almost new. 4 or 5 alphabets 
Old English type, prints 2ii x S'i inches. Nice 
brass cut. 1 x 2 inches. LEON J. COLE, 27 
Lake St., Grand Rapids. Mich. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— Full sets, nests and 
datas, including. .'WO. 494. 423, A. O. U. : for Rem- 
ington Rifle or acromatic Telescope. Write 
Quick ! E. O. GROVER. Hanover. N. H. 

BIRDS' EGGS.— To exchange for same, also 
for well-prepared specimens of Beetles and 
Sea Crabs. Send lists' I have nice assortment 
of eggs. F. E. FORD, Middlerteld, O. 

TO EXCHANGE.— First-class original sets of 
666a!a- with complete datas. Name a 
basis of exchange. CHAS. A. DAVIS, 109, E. 
3rd St . Duluth, Minn. 

FOUIt Photographs, all different, cabinet 
size of the most curious archaeological relics 
yet discovered, for one dollars worth of good 
crystals, corals or arrow points. C. M. SLAY- 
TdN.Grattan, Kent Co., Mich. 

Little Flycatchers, Hummers, etc., to exchange 
for Rifles. Revolvers. Stamps, Relics, etc. 
Large collections for Safety Bicycle. C. TUR- 
TON, Los Angeles, Calif. 

WANTED AT ONCE. — First-class original 
sets of the following A. O. U. Nos. : 10. 41. U). 
m. (59. 86. 105. 120. 120b 123a. 128. ia5. 159. 164. 172. 
179. ISO. 183. 186. 187. I'.i8. 196. l»-\ 204. 205. 20;;, 224, 
2'37, 22«. 241. 2^3, 249. 258. 2;2. S^7. 278. 2S1. 2SU 292. 
293. 397. 298. ;»1. 302. 310. .330. 331. .334. .3:^7a. 'Mf). 
341 . :i42. :J48. .•149. 3.55. .356 3.5S 368 .37.5a. 381. 394a, 39<1. 
4()2a. 414. 419. 430a. 420c. 428. 43;^. 434. 445. 4.5.5, 4.59, 
4<56a, 468. 469. 469, 469. 474a. 474e. 475. 478a, 478b. 
479.48;^. 484, 4H5. 48C,a. 487. 491a. .504. .505, .511a. 
517a. .51,8. .521. .538. 5:10a. .531. 5:M. .538. .540a. 510b. 
.543b, .M6. 516a. 549. .5.50. .5.5t). .559. .567a, .573. .57.5a. 
.58Ia. r>81e. .5H7a. .^9. .597a. 603. 607. 611a. 618, 628. 
639. 634. 6.36. asS. (V41. 642. (>45. W6a, 668. 655, 660. 
661. 662. 671, 67.5. 677. 6S0. 68,5a. 686. 697. 7n7a, 708. 
711.715. 717a. 71.8a. 719a, 723. 72.5a. 73(i, 737a, 730. 
733. 73.5a, 7a5b. 740. 741. 748, 751. 752. 7.53, 7&4. 757. 
757a, 763. WALTER F. WEBB, Geneva. N. Y. 

AMERICAN BIRDS."— In reply to dozens of 
queries we take pleasure in announcing that 
during the mouth of June we will exchange 
Davie's invaluable work for any of the Eggs 
wanted in our Exchange Extraordinaiy at the 
following liberal rates: 

Paper cover edition $1.00 in Eggs and 40c cash 
Flexible cloth " " " " 65c " 

Extra " " ■' " " 90c " 

We make this offer for June only and will 
never renew it. FRANK H. LATTIN, Albion. 
N. Y. 





I want at once the following first-class eggs, either in singles or in sets, in exchange at 189(> 
prices, or if in sets. I will allow 10 per cent, above these prices, in exchange for the articles men- 
tioned below. Kggs taken in large or small quantities. No exchange amounting to less than 
$1.00 can be "bothered with" unless 10 cents additional is enclosed for return postage and pack- 
ing. If vou have anj- of the rarer species to offer send lists. Species wanted, Kidgwav's Nos. : 

2. 4. -M, 27. 41. 42. 47. 50, .'il, iS6. 68. 91), 128; any of the rarer Warblers, 1.57. 1«8. li«a, ly'l. 198, 198a, 
214, 217, 2W. 248. 2.57, 2tiO, 271, 277. 278. 278b. 293, 3 »'i. ;i01, ;M). 32rt; any of the Hummingbirds, ^53, 
XA. 3.57. m\. ;iS2. aS5. a87. 388; am- of the Owls. HawUs. Eagles or vultures. 4.59. 4t),5. 47,1 482, 483; 
any of the Herons, 497, 498. ,501, .505, .507. .516, 520. .525. ,5.52. .5.55, ,5,57, ,569. .571. ,572, .574, 578. 582. 583, 601, 
609, 613, 618. 6.S4. 64tJ; any of the Cormorants, 649, 650, 6(54, 666a, 66S, 673. 679, 681, 686, 687, 688, 690, 693. 
721, 723. 729. 736. 760. 761, 763a, ,522. 

We will accept any species not mentioned above at ONE-HAt-,F 1890 pric ^s. 

In return for the above, I will give any of the following articles, spj^'iiiias or s-.ipplie.-5 at the 
prices quoted. 


Brass Blowpipe 8 .25 

Imperfect Blowpipe 10 

No. 1, 8-100 Egg Drill 08 

•' 8, 12-100 " " 12 

" 3, 15-100 '■ '• 15 

" 4, 18-100 " " 18 

" .5,21-100 " " 20 

Nickel - plated 4'2 in. Embi'j'O Hook 30 

100 Exchange and Return Ex. Sheets 80 

'• Order Sheets 4*5 

'• Billheads ' .45 

'• Data Blanks, assorted 40 

•• Labels, No. 11 20 

•' Taxidermist's Labels 25 

Oologist's Hand-book. 1885 15 

Hand-book on Insect Collecting... 15 

17 Back Numbers Oolouist .75 

OOLOGiST inoprem. ) from date to Jan. '91 ..50 

with '• for one year 1.00 

Card for one Ex. Notice in the Oologist .35 
A few Incomplete Copies of Majmiard's 
'■Birds of Eastern North America." newly 
bound in boards and leather, (Publisher's 
cash price $18.00) 15.00 


Olub-.spined Uivhin, very fine I .50 

Egg Case of Periwinkle. 25 

Lucky Tooth of Codfish 25 

Starrt'sh. Martlia's Vineyard, fine 25 

Pod of Siihre Bean, very curious .35 

Rajah or Beetle Nut 15 

Brown-banded Sea Bean 10 

Red Sea Bean as 

Gray Sea Bean 03 

Trilobite {Calyrnerie Niagraensis) 25 

Scaphltes.from Bl'ck Hills.choice, desirable .30 

Resurrection Plant 15 

Barnacle, Pacific, choice double specimens .25 

Polished Agate, pendant 25 

Indian Pottery, fine specimen 25 

Sea Fan, 6 in., extra fine .35 

Alligator Tooth, fine 25 

100 Foreign Stamps, all different 30 

A Desirable Flat Sea Urchin from Zebu 

Channel. PhllUpines _ .25 

Sea Horse, verv fine .50 

Fossil Polvp Coral 25 

Fossil Sea Urchin 35 

10 Wild Potatoes 85 

Egg of Skate 12 

" •• Shark. 85 

" " Hammerhead or Leopard Shark 25 

King or Horse-foot Crab. 35 


Little Bro^vn Jug J .05 

Collectors' Puzzle Whistle 15 

Bird Warbler 10 

Catapult Gun, iron frame 35 

Box Pharaoh's Serpent Eggs „ .15 

25 Best Assorted Fish Hooks SO 

Joker's Photo. Camera 35- 

"O. K." Parer and Slicer 35. 

Fountain Pen (every collector should carry 

one in his pocket). 35- 

Students' Outfit (Pen, Penholder, Lead and 
Slate Pencils, and 6-in. Rule) 15- 


Black-throated Sparrow 8 .75 

Texan Cardinal 50 

Dwarf Cowbird 3.^ 

Limpkin, extra fine. 3nd-class 1.00 

Barrow's Golden-Eye 1.2.> 

Noddy Tern, set of one, -with data 75 

Sooty 40 

American Eared Grebe 50 

Franklin's Gull 75 

American Scoter 2.50 

Sennet's Thrasher (13a) 40 

American Scaup Duck 7.5 

White-winged Dove 40 

" 14, with data l.OO 

Arkansas Goldfinch 20 

Velvet Scoter 1.50 

Tufted Titmouse 40 

Carolina Wi-en io 


Bul-bul. from PhilUpines .■ $1.00 

Black-headed WeaverUuch 50 

European Blackbird 15 

Song Thrush 15 

Ruddv Sheldrake .50 

Med. Black-headed Gull .35 

Barbary Partridge 25 

;ig^ Continued on next page. 

If yoxi desire to obtain anything on the above 
list in exchange, send on your eggs at once. If 
you have no eggs, but have other desirable 
specimens in quantity, write what you have, 
with price; or will exchange for cnlli'ctious oi 
fine Postage Stamjjs or second-hand Books on 
Natural History, or choice Indian Relics. 

Only first-chiss Specimens accepted at any 
prioe.all others returned at sender's expense. 

We will receive hundreds of packages in an- 
sv.'er to this exchange and if you do not write 
your name plainly on the outside of the pa( 1(- 
iiges you send, your exchange will be delayed 
and packages ixjssibly lost. 

This olTer will hold good until July 1.5th only. 

Send on yoTir specimens at once in I;irge or 
small quantities. It makes iki difference to tis 
whether you .send $1.(X) or .$1(X).(I() worth, but if 
less than .*I.(X) worth, 10 cents extra must be en- 
clost^d for return postage and packing. 

Large quantities shipped by express or 
freight, miixt be prepaid. Address, 


-AL.I3IOX. N. Y. 




The following ShJlls are included ill our JEx- 
cliange Extraordinai-y offer. 

All Extra Fine Bright Specimens. 

Tellina radiata $ .10 

CiT^reea helvoia 10 

Isabella '30 

talpa 50 

moneta 1.5 

Mercenaria laiteri 1") 

PurpuiM patula 1.5 

Mui-ex pudoricolor 15 

Olivafu-siforiuis 15 

■• litterata 15 

■' ispidula. 15 

''• inriata 10 

Fissurella barbadensLs 15 

Strophia glans 10 

Dentallum entalin,. 05 

Siromoiis bituberculata 35 

Pern:i ephippium 35 

Apporh lis pes-pellcani 10 

Nerita peleroutn 10 

Pterocera lainbis 50 

Voliita vespertilio a5 

OvTila oviformis 35 

Turbo c'arysostonius. :i5 

saiiiaticus 60 

Naniua hepatlca ..50 

Helix zebuensis .50 

Bulimiis duphnis. .75 


An illustrated price-list of Electrot5Tes of 
Bird.s sent free. Just the thing to use nu your 
letter heads, circulars, etc. Engraving to or- 
der. H. A. CARHART. Syracuse, N. Y. 




In use 30 years. The only successful remedy for 

Nervous Debility, Vital Weakness, 

and Prostration, from over-work or other causes. 
$1 per vial, or 5 vials and large vial powder, for $5. 
Sold by Drcogists, or sent postpaid on receipt 

Cor. William and John Sts., N. 1. 



Ot 1, 2, 3, or 4 lines with Pads and Ink 
ONLY 33oTB. 

E. W. ±'ORD, Bristol, Conn. 

W^ANTBD '(^ 


Any Boy Can IVlake Money By Learning the Process. 

Many are advertising through the coluinii.s of thi.s and other papers the pro- 
fes.s <if Embahniug. All of advertisers are swindlers, who are foisting on 
the public, various worthless preparations. The directions for the process are 
garbled copies of my original process which they iiave bought of me, but have 
Uo right to sell. 

I am the sole originator of the of Embalming, and my method, 
evolved from twelve years of experience, is perfeceioii itself. As I am going out 
of the business, I now offer this well-known process, now used by thousands of 
skillful naturalists, in the U. S. and Canada, at the following low figures: It is 
the first time that I have .sold the I'ight to others to make and resell the prepara- 
tion, and to instruct others in the science. 

The jirinted directions to use (not resell) and one pound of prepared com- 
pound, ready for use, 75c. Prepared compound, to those who have alread3" puf- 
chased directions; one pound, oOc, three pounds $1.35, five pounds, $2.00. Direc- 
tions alone (not to resell) 30c. Directions, formula for making compound and 
right for selling compound, and also right for instructing in the process to others 
complete. $3.00. Those who buy of irreliable persons at from 25c to 50c, get 
swindled every time and then claim the process worthless. Buy of the only 
reliable, and originator of the process. Thousands of Testimonials. Address, 





It will contain over 150 pages of Valuable Information. 

It is with great pleasure that I am able to announce that the Mss. 
for a new Oologists' Hautl-Book is nearly ready for the printer and, 
that iinder ordinary circumstances it will be ready for delivery 
early in June. The new Hand-Book, for the mone}^ we think will be 
one of the most valuable works for one interestec] in birds, ever pub- 
lished. Our old '85 edition was issued as our catalogue — Our new '91 
edition will not be a catalogue at all, but simply and purely a Collec- 
tors' Hand-Book in the fullest sense of tlie word, and will contain, at 
least 150 images, each teeming with valuable information. It will also 
contain two or three full page plates and man}- illustrations. The size 
of the pages will be about 6x4 inches, making a volume that can be 
conveniently carried in the pocket. Two editions will be issued, one 
in paper covers at 50c per copy, and the other in flexible leather 
at 75c. 


It will give the common and scientific name of every North Amer- 
ican bird knoAvn at the date of going to press. These names will be 
numbered, an-anged and given according to the A. O. U. nomenclature, 
they will also be divided and sub-divided into the orders and families 
which they belong. It will give the numbers of each species as used 
in Kidgway's nomenclature of 1881 and those used by Coues' in 1883. 
It wiU give the value of the eggs of over 6OO species and sub-species of 
North American birds, as fixed by som*:-, of the most competant Ameri- 
can Oologists, at date of going -to ^a-ess, this fact alone making iu 'uvai- 
uable to collectors, as a basis on which to make exchanges. K. vvill 
give the breeding range of each species. It will give a considerable 
information about the nest of each species. It will give the shape, 
color, markings and size of the eggs of each species and will also state 
the number usually found in a set. It will also mention some of the 
more common local names by which each species is known in different 
localities. It will also give a considerable information on the collecting 
and preparing of specimens for the cabinet and "w ill have something to 
say about making cabinets, making exchanges, packing, etc., etc. It 
will also tell how to make a good bird skin, and many other useful 
hints and items, most of which will be well illustrated. 

PPJCE:^n pa])er covers, 5r;c; flexible leather, gilt title, 75c. , 

Until July lat advance aubscriptions, accoinpaiilcd by llif cash, will be accepted a.s follows: 
Paper covers, 40r: .'i copies, *1.(XJ. 
Leather '• «()c; .S copies' *1..5(). 
Advance subscribers will receive their books by the first mall, after we obtain them from the 
bindery. All orders will be tilled In rotation received. 



HAVE you read Lattin's 'Exchange Extra- 
ordinary" in this OOLOGIST? .___ 


O. J. ZAHN, -tii S. Hope St., Los Angeles, 
Cala. ' 

f 1 00 each. For sale or exchange. 


We have just received f/om the 
hinderv 50 copies of Davie s 
hound in flexible cloth covers. As 
long as they last we will send them 
to our patrons for $1.40 per copy. 

Rare California View?. 

Enclose stamp for catalogue Sample of 
views will be sent upon receipt of 2.t cents. 

California Ar t Gallery. Santa Rosa. Cal. 

vouR nam:e 20c 


We will send you one by 
mail on receipt of price. 

Agents Wan-ted.. 

Pr.W.FORD, Bristol.Conn. 

Elegant Prizes for the Ladies. 

The Publishers of The Canadian Queen. 
Toronto. Canadn. are offering two new prize 
competitions, with leading prizes consisting of 
a pair of ShetUuid Ponies, carriage and harness 
a Free Trip to Europe, first class upright pi ;i no, 
two weeks vacation to any summer resort in 
Canada or the United States, all expenses paid: 
safety bicycle or tricvcle. one hundred dollars 
in cash, suite of parlor funiiture. ladies' gold 
watches, etc.. etc. This raagazii:e has become 
famous en account of its prize competitions. 
Hundreds of Americans have won valuable 
prizes in previous contests. Sample number of 
The Qlekn with full particulars, will be sent 
bv the publishers upon receipt of the address of 
any ladv and six U. S. 2 cent stamps. Address. 
The Queen. Toronto. Canada. 

An Expressson of Confidence- 

Geo. P. Kowcll & Co.. of New York, the pub- 
lishers of the American Newspaper Directory, 
undertake to rate newspaper circulations very 
much as the merchantile agencies report the 
capital and credit of the business community. 
About one puldisber in ten tells his exact issue 
with truthful precision. Some of the other 
nine decline to tell the facts because they assert 
that who do tell are in the habit of lying. 
Kowell & Co.. after an experience of more than 
twenty years, have come to the conclusion 
that this view cannot be sustiiined. In the 
twentv-third annual issue of their book, issued 
in April, thev designate every paper that is 
rated in accordance with a detailed statement 
frc m the publisher: and offer to pay a hundred 
dollars for every instance which can be pointed 
out of a mi.sstatenunt for which a publisher is 
responsible. The Ooi.ogist is one of the pa- 
pers that is wliling to have it known how 
many it prints and whose good faith the Direc- 
tory publishers win guarantee. 


♦"^ ■ 

We Will Send the OOLOGIST 

on Trial from Now until 

January 1, 1892. 

And give you vour choice of any of the fol- 
lowing desirable Premiums. 

1. Oologists' Hand-book. 188.5. , . , .^„ 

2. -Insect Oollecting" a little hand-book tell- 

ing all about it. 

3. 10 Checking Lists. 

4. 18-100 Egg Drill. 

5. Brass Blowpipe. 

6. Set of tiO Beautiful Bird Cards. 

7. 12 Wild Mexican Potatoes, if planted will 


8. 2 Resurrection Plants. 

9. 100 var. Foreign Stamps ^^ , ^ ., 
10 Choice Doublv Terminated Rock Crj stal. 

11. Fine Chiastolite Crystal. 

12. Fine Staurolite Crystal. 

13. Choice Specimen of Opalized Wood. 

14 Fossil Scaphitfs nodo.tiig. from Black Hills. 

15! Fossil Sea Urchin, from Texas. 

16 Large Polyp Coral or '-Petrified Horn. 

17. Choice Spec, of -Kid Conch" 

18. Sea Horse. 

19. King or Horse-foot Crab. 

20. A Beautiful Sea Fan. 

"1 2 Boxes of Pharaoh's Serpent Eggs. 

22' The Joker's Photo Camera— will produce a 

picture in 3 minutes, and make fe.OO worth 

of fun. 

23. Large Alligator Tooth. 

24. A 2.5c Assortment of Glass Eyes. 

25. 25 Assorted Fish Hooks. 

26. 4 " " Lines. 

27. Nickel-plated Embryo Hook. 

28. Eag of Sennetfs Thrasher. 

29. (For 10c additional) Set, -wath data, of 1 egg 
or Sooty Tern. 

30. Collection of 8 Common Eggs. 

31. Egg of Shark. ■ , „^ , 
32 Egg of Hammerhead or Leopard Shark. 

33. A Curious Ham Shell. Perna fphti)pivm. 

34. Rare Phillipiue Is. Sea Urchin. 
S5. Card good for a 25-word Exchange Notice 

in the Ooi-ociisT. 
.36. Brazillian Vegetable Ivory Nut, carved. 

37. An Extra Fine Arrowhead. 

38. A Fine Piece of Polished Agate. 

39. A Fair Trilobite. Valijmene Magraensis. 

40. A V-Nickel without the word "cents." 

We will send the Ooi.ogist on trial 6 months 
and your choice of any one of the above 

For Only 25 Cents. 

Additional premiums. 15c each: 8 for $1.00; 18 
for *2.00. or entire 40 for 4.00. all prepaid. 

We had ought to be able to obtain over 1000 
new trial subscribers within the next 30 days. 

Show the offer to your friends and induce 
theni to send in their suuscriptions at once. 



r~~ Pub, of the OOLOGIST, L 


VOL. VI [I. 

ALBION, N. Y., JUNE, 1891. 

No. G- 

The Humming Birds of California - 

The Huinmiugbirds occnp}- a i)ronii- 
neut place in the Avi-fauna of Califor- 
nia, there l)eiiig uo less than six species 
found regularly within the borders of 
the state. Although none of these pos- 
sess the e.xtravagant features found in 
some of the more tropical representa- 
tives of this family, they are interesting 
little creatures and command the ad- 
miration and attentive consideration of 
all lovers of bird life. Hummingbirds 
are strictl}- American, and in their in- 
comparal)le beauty ai"e unrivaled by 
even those feathered fairies of the Old 
World whose small size and gorgeous 
colors have won for them the name of 

A visitor to Southern California is 
impressed with the large number of 
Hummingbirds seen; in ever3' garden, 
iield and canon, even in the shaded 
depths of woodland districts and on the 
bleak, inclement mountain summits, 
these aerial gems, doubtless the most 
gorgeously hued of created things, are 
found in large numbers. In the vicin- 
. ity of Santa Barbara, Anna's Humming- 
bird is quite common; the male, Anna's 
perched upon one of the uppermost 
twigs of a tree is a familiar sight. Con- 
scious of his ostentatious array, he sits 
upon his swinging perch and proudly 
scans the environs streatched Ijelovv in 
their magnificent, semi-tropic splendor, 
and soliloquizes in a creaking tone 
while his coruscant gorget flashes with 
fiery tints at every change of position 
Suddenlj' from his lofty perch he sees 
an enemy, real or imaginary, then high 
he mounts on whirring winglets untiJ 
all but lost in the azure depth, now 
downward he plunges with inconceiv- 
able speed — an iridescent spright of the 
skies — describing an ellipse in his llight, 

I and when he nears his foe he gives ut- 
I terance to a shrill shriek of hate and 
defiance; as he rises again to repeat the 
performance he poises for an instant to 
locate his foe. These eft'orts usually 
are of no avail and the Hummingbird, 
seeing his opponent haughtily repudiat- 
ing the assault, hies himself to a neigh- 
boring tree where he consoles himself 
by casting vague maledictions upon the 
whole feathered tribe, excepting of 
course himself and his inmiediate relat- 

Among the other common Hummers 
of this vicinity are Allen's, Costa's, and 
the Rufous. The latter frequents the 
well watered canons where it appeals 
as it darts hither and thither like the 
reflections of many jewels. The Allen's 
is a seclusive bird, the male is seldom 
seen; the female may be seen flitting 
about cypress hedges where the nests 
are likely to be found. The Alexander 
or Black - chinned Hummingl^ird is 
found in this locality but not numerous- 
ly as its habitat is further south. The 
Callilope Hummingbird is a mountain 
species and is only found in the high 

The nests of all species of Humming- 
birds are arcliitectural models; they are 
composed of fine materials and are 
matle extremely soft and comfortable. 
The complement of eggs is two. 

The identification of the mah^ l)irds is 
an easy matter, the females, however, 
will give tr()ul)le. There aie but tw() 
Hummingljirds in California with me- 
tallic scales on the top of the head, 
these are Anna's and Costa's; and they 
may be recognized readily by the dif- 
ference in size and in the color of the 
helmets, the Anna's l)eing larger than 
the Costa's and the color of its hi^lmet 
crimson; the color of the Costa's iielmet 
is violet. The Rufous is easily recog- 



nized in its respleutleut liery hues. 
The Callilope has a lilac gorget, set in 
white, like lilac stars on a white field. 
The Allen's resembles the Rufotis to a 
considerable degree; the colors are not 
as bright, however; the .back is of a 
greenish-red color, the uuderparts 
light, cinnamon on sides and flanks, 
gorget liery red. The Alexander has 
an opaque or velvety black gorget pos- 
teriorly glittering Avith emeraUl and 
sapphire, under])arts whitish, green on 

The female Anna's resembles the male 
Avithout a gorget, no rufous any where. 
The female Costa's is smaller than the 
femaleAnna's otherwise resembling very 
much, outer tail feathei's very narrow 
especially so in male. The female Ru- 
fous is extensively rufous, but over- 
laid with green, undex'parts white; no 
gorget. Female Allen's resembles the 
latter, but the rufous is not so promi- 
nent; extensively green on back; slight 
metallic scales on throat. The female 
Callilope may be recognized by a white 
mark under each eye. The female Al- 
exander has a rounded tail, the feathers 
of which have a dark purplish space 
near end and tipped with white; no 
gorget, resembles the female Ruby- 
throat of the east. 

Hakky C. Lillik, 
Santa Barbara, Calif. 

Ring Pheasant. 
Phasianus lorqnaius (Gmel) 

Common name — Chinese Pheasant. 
Mongolian Pheasant. 

Habitat— Western Unit*'(l States— 
WiUamette Valley and Soutliwavd into 

Description— Male total length 34 to 
40 inches. IxMigth of tail 1.5 inches to 
24 inclies. Bill dark, 1| inches long. 
Iris ycUmo. Crown greyish-green with 
It white stripe extending over each eye. 

Around the eyes is found a large red 
patch rif liair feathers. 

Neck — Changeable green and purple,, 
following which is a circular band of 
pure Avhite extending around the entire- 
neck, from this it receives its name. 

The breast and point of shoulders is a 
changeable tire red and purplish blue. 

The border of the feathers being tip- 
ped with blue, following this in the 
median line is a narrow strip of blue 
feathers which gradually emerge into, 
black as we approach the under tall 
coverts whicii is greyish-brown. 

The tail consists of sixteen feathers, 
the outer ones being shorter, and grad- 
ually becoming longer up to fifteen in. 
or twenty-four inches, the two center 
feathers being longest. 

The under coloring is greyish-black, 
the upper brown with light-grey and 
black, and bi'OAvn bars. 

Upper tail coverts Irish green boi'der- 
ed with old-gold and tinged with bright 

Under wing greyisii-white. Body 
light yellow and end of feathers tipped 
with deep blue. 

Female — Is about \ size of male, and 
of a uniform mottled pale yellow with 
slight shades of brown, black and gray, 
variously intermixed. It has none of 
the gay colors of the male. 

The above description, although very- 
poor and wanting in many respects will 
at least I hope, convey some idea of the 
beauty of the species. 

A few general notes maj' also be of 

This bird was imported from China 
by O. N: Denny. 

Six pair were let loose on Peterson 
Butte about twenty miles from this 
phice. A law was at once enacted for 
tlie protection of the birds for six years, 
this law expiring Oct. 1st, next. 

After four or five years the birds be- 
came so numerous that a great many of 
tiie farmers complained severely that 
tiiey were very destructive to grain and 
gardens. There is no doubt but what, 
they frequent such places, but the harm 
they do is slight in comparison with the. 



guotl (lone, ;iiid the i)leasure nf lia\iii|j; hcoii (Ictiscly ixijuilati'il by lliiiu in livf 
such a b'jantiful bird in our country. • years, and thousands have In-en l;illed. 

They have been killed in immense : Tlie^' nest upon the ground in opeU 
numbers and stripped of their leathers, ' fields. Oat stubl)le lield is a favorabU- 
the meat bein;;- sent to tiie rorihind resoil I'or tlnnr nest. The nest is made 
mai'ket. of h'aves and dry grass, placed in a 

Tlie farnii-rs in this county are taking ciunip of grass or perhaps uiuh'r some 
active stejjs for the {)roleeti<)n of tlie ^ small l)rush. 

bird in the way of jiuttiug up trespass j In captivity the l)irds do well, and 
notices, l)nt this is not doni' with an! even nest and bri'cd while so contined. 
idea to keep the species, but to kill tlicm 1 I have an adult male in confinement 
at their pleasure (which is at every o])- 1 and he will I'at most anything- given 
portunity atjordcd) for tlie benefit of him, but prefers wheat and oats, and 
their own table, and I might add they seeds of all kinds generally. In the 

are very delicious for such purposes. 

The bird has many cunning devices 
to deceive the hunter. At the approach 
of foot-steps they will squat down close 
to the ground and a person can pass 
within a few feet of it and not discover 
it, nor will the bird fly until seen by 
you, when it is up and away like a 

In an open plowed field the bird will 
lie so cltxse that it can not be seen at a 
distance of two rods. 

They are also very swift of foot, it 
requiring a good dog to catch one that 
has been winged. 

Their breeding habits is somewhat 
peculiar also. The female deposits her 
first complement of eggs aljout April 
15th, or May 1st, laying from seven to 
fifteen eggs. As soon as the j'ouug 
leave the nest the male takes charge 
and the hen again lays about the same 
number of eggs. By the time these are 
ready to leave the nest, the first brood 
is able to take care of themselves, and 
the male again takes charge of the sec- 
ond bnjod. A third c<nnplement is then 
laid and when they are hatched the 
male and female both take charge. 

Three broods are generally raised in 
a season by one pair and by a little lig- 
uring one can form some idea of the iu-^ 
crease of the species. 

You can also see the same from the 
fact that from the six pair let loose in 

Orego.i, the .-ntire western coast has ^^^.^.^^ .^,jj craggy banks of the Polonnu 

wild state dining winter they iced ui)on 
lir seeds a;id buds, ijut during summer 
they feed upon seeds and green leaves. 

They seem to be fearless coming unto 
barn-yards and feeding with the domes- 
tic fowls. Only a short time ago one 
came within fifty feet of my house rightT 
in the village. 

The males during the spring, crow 
similar to a domestic cock and taking 
advantage of this the hunter locates 
them and slowly and gently slips up on 
them and is generally sure of his game. 

Much more might be said in regard 
to this one of our most beautiful birds, 
but for fear of tiring the readers I will 

Du. A. G. Pkill. 

The Carolina "Wren. 

When I came South, this species was 
comparatively new to me. I had 
studied it in New Jersey, but did no^ 
find it numerous there, and it did not 
reach Western New York. Around 
Washington it is abundant, and every 
where it has its peculiar haunts. If 
one makes a clearing in the woods, 
setting a portable saw-mill on a little 
run of water, these wrens are pretty 
sure to be found afterwards in the slab- 
piles and among tiie rubbish. It may 
also be found in open ravines. For 
instance, it is very numerous along the 



^k so hi 

River above Washington. Here it 
revels during the sunny days of spring 
and the long scorching daj's of summer, 
never being very far from the moist 
shady gorges or the springs which dis- 
■charge themselves like little cascades 
■over the rocky cliffs. Here one associ- 
ates them e^arly in spring with the 
crimson mantle of the Judas tree, and 
later in the season with the flaming 
'blossoms of the trumpet creeper. 

They will not infrequently become as 
•semi-domesticated as the common wren, 
nesting in the corn barn or the hay 
imow. Last year a pair took up their 
•quarters in the second story of my 
carriage barn, where the hay was 
stored. The first nest made early in 
June was placed in a corner between 
the post and the brace, and was made 
of the most flexible bits of hay and the 
.softest clover leaves, bt^ing lined with 
hair and feathers. It contained six 
<^ggs, white specked with redJish- 
browu. The second nest built in 
August, and containing five eggs, was 
■<liagonally across the room in the cor- 
ner similarly placed, and the same in 
general construction, l)ut lacked the 
lining of hair and feathers. The bird 
was very tame and kept her nest quite 
closely. I even looked at her once by 
night with the lantern without disturb- 
ing her in the least. The young were 
raised successfully, and took their de- 
parture in the most leisnrely and prop- 
er manner. 

At Sandy Spring about eighteen 
miles from Washington, one was 
known to nest in a corn-barn for 
.•several years in s^uccession, building its 
nest of the silks of the corn. It seems 
therefore, to make its nest out of any 
soft and flexible material which may be 
at hand. 

It has various fwittciing conversational 
notes, easily identified. Its song, loud, 
spirited, clear and resonant, and some 
what varied, is cheerful indeed, but not 
so higlily mnsical to my ear as it seems 

to some. Its greatest charm is in the 
fact that we hear it more or less fre- 
quently nearly all the year, for the bird 
is a resident. It is but a plain artist in 
song compared with the voluble and 
rapturous winter wren, as we hear it in 
the swamps and low woodlands of the 

J. H. Lanille. 

American Dipper. 
Cinchis mexicanus. 

Hab. — Western North America in 
mountainous districts. 

Des. — The entire bird is of a grayish- 
slate color. 

Length — Six inches, length of tail one 
and one-half inches, length of bill five- 
eighths of an inch, length of wing three 
inches. Iris brown. 

A few general notes on this species 
may be of interest to the readers of the 
OoLOGiST as I doubt if many of you 
have the opportunity of seeing it in its 
natural haunts. 

The Water Dipper frequents wild 
mountain streams where the water is 
very rapid, where perpendicular rocks 
line the boi'ders and where the mist and 
spray of the swift running stream are 
continually falling on it. Here it loves 
to stay and may be seen upon some 
rock, bobbing up and down like a Sand- 
piper or diving up the swift current, 
letting the water wash it back upon the 
rock. The rocks which they frequent 
most are either just above or below 
some water-fall. 

I have seen this bird dive under the 
swift running water and come up a dis- 
tance of thirty feet from where it enter- 
ed. At other times it will drop upon 
the water and float down two or three 
hundred feet, when it will fly back and 
repeat the operation. 

Its song is as beautiful as the moun- 
tain stream which it frequents and can- 
not be surpassed by any. One can sit 



and listen for hours to its beautiful 
'notes as it tlies back and forth over the 
water and fairly makes the conon echo 
with its vibrations. 

Its nesting place and nest is in full 
accord with all these surroundings. It 
is generally found upon some rock near 
where the water is swift and where the 
spray keeps the outside damp. The 
nest is made of sticks and coarse grass, 
which are placed in the shape of a 
dome. This is covered with niud, 
which makes tho Avhole quite solid. It 
then receives a coating inside and out 
of green moss, such as is found growing 
on rocks. This moss often takes rool 
in the mud, of which the nest is made, 
and grows very gree^, so that the whole 
nest has simply the appearance of a 
tuft of moss, except to a practiced eye. 

It has been my pleasure to tind three 
nests this season, as follows: . 

(a) Found May 1, 1891. Contained 
four slightly incubated eggs. The nest 
was found on the underside of an old 
deserted mill. It was on a beam just 
over the water falls of the mill. It was 
so situated that the spray from the falls 
was keeping the damp. The nest 
was made of usual material. The 
female was sliot and the nest and eggs 
secured and all preserved. Length of 
nest twelve inclies, width eleven inches, 
height seven and one-half inches. The 
entrance was placed on one side near 
the center, but a little below the middle 
line. In order for the bird to reach the 
nest proper, she must pass a little up- 
ward and backward through the open- 
ing. The bed upon which the eggs lie is 
made of tine grass and The 
eggs, four in number, are pure white 
and measure 1.01 x .74, 1.00 x .73, 1.01 x 
.73, 1.01 X 73. 

(b) The second nest was found May 
4, 1891, and contained three young. 
This nest was placed on the side of a per- 
pendicular cliff about four feet above the 
water and sixteen feet from tiie top. 
It was only accessible by lowering one 
over the cliff by a rope. 

(c) The third nest was found the 
<(ame day, (May 4, 1891), but the femal^ 
had not depositiMl her eggs. The nest 
w'as located similar to the pi*evious one 
(1)), l)ut not in quite so perilous a jjosi- 
tion, though one must be lowered by a 
rope in order to examine the nest. 

I will close by adding that although 
the haunts of this bird are as wild as 
could well be, the bird itself is not so. 
It will often light within a few feet of 
you, and remain for some time 

I)k. a. G. Prill, 
Sweet Home, Oregon. 

Bird Migration. 

Following are the dates on which the 
birds named arrived at White Sulphur 
Springs, West Virginia. Latitude 37 
degrees. 48 minutes, N. Longitude 80 
degrees, 22 minutes, W., i. e.: 

For March. — House Wren, 1; Phoebe, 
17; Meadow Lark, 10; Red-wing Black- 
bird, 15; Kildeer, 2; Red-bellied Wood- 
pecker, 24. 

For April. — Osprey, 10; Flicker, 11; 
Bank Swallow, 13; Brown Thrasher, 14; 
Yellow Warbler, 15; Whip-poor-will, 16; 
Chewink, 17; Kingbird, 19; Barn Swal- 
low, 19; Balto Oriole, 21; Warbling 
Vireo, 21; Green Heron, 22; Least FI3'- 
catcher, 23; Spotted Sandpiper, 23; 
Chimney Swift, 23; Catbird, 26; Red- 
start, 26; Orchard Oriole and Humming- 
bird, 30. 

For May. — Indigo Bunting, 1; Red- 
headed Woodpecker, 2; Scarlet Tana- 
ger, 4. 

On May 1st, a Mockingbird (Mimus 
polygloltus) was seen here. This is the 
first record for about ten years (May, 
1880.) A Northern Raven {Corvus corax 
sinuatus) which is now considered rare 
here, was also seen May 1st. 

I have noteil at least live Red-bellied 
Woodpeckej's here this spring, the first 
for sev(!ral years. Rt'dstarts are more 
al)undant than I ever seen liefore as 
are also Brown Thrashers. 


May 5, 1891. 




A Monthly Magazine Devoted to 



CorrespondPtice anri items of intoiest to the 
student or lilrUs. their Nests and Kygs, sdirited 
from all. 


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On May 24th, while walkiug through 
a l)ushy pastufe, about two miles 
.south-west of Albion, K. B. Mathes 
found a, set of three eggs of the Che- 
wink, (Fipilio erythrojMlmlmus) incuba- 
tion commenced. This species is very 
rare with us, and this set, the fir.s't 
recorded one found in Orleans county. 

A. (t. — Lawrence, Kans. As the young 
Gt. Horned Owls remain in the nest 
nearly, if not quite three months, Ave 
doul)t if more tiian a single brood is 
ever reared in a season. When the first 
set is taken, another is usually laid in 
the same nest. We liave our doubts as 
to whether i)oiiiidiiig on the trunk of 
the tree is an iiifallil^it! rule for raising 
the old bird from the nest. 

We cannot say as to whether the 
Turkey Vidtui-e occupies a nest more 
than one season or not. Who can? 

Fred S. Wilder, Worcester, Mass., 
sends us the following extracts from his 
'90 notes: 

May ISth, I collected a set of seveu 
fresh eggs of Bluebiril. 

May 21st, found a nest of seven fresh 
eggs of White-bellied (Swallow in a bird- 

July 11th, I collected a set of live- 
eggs of the European Goldfinch. .The- 
nest was in an apple-tree about tive- 
feet from the ground, vei-y neatly made- 
of hay and cotton and thread and hair. 
The. eggs are of a dirty- white, tinged 
with green and streaked around the 
large end with dark-ltrown and spots of 
black, and vary from .62 x .48 to .72 x. 
.42. I have the female in my collection. 

W. W. Searles, Liivie Springs, la.^ 

''While collecting in a heavy growth 
of timber on April 8, 1881), I found my 
first nest of the Am. Crow, which to my 
surprise contained ten eggs. Taking: 
six I found them all fresh. Returning- 
to the nest in a few weeks I found the 
othev four eggs hatched. Do two crows, 
ever lay in the same nest or is this a 
large set:'' Since then 1 have found 
them In-eediug very abundant, and 
never found more than live in a set. 
The nests are always placed in black 
oak, and made of sticks, moss, binding 
twine, hair, etc." 

G. L. A., would like to know the- 
name of Gulls quite common on Puget 
Sound during the winter and early 
spring months. Who can write us an. 
article on "The Gulls of Puget Sound?" 

Our old friend H. W. Davis, now in> 
Bolivar Co., Miss., must think he has 
struck the sportsman's paradise. Un- 
der date of March 9th, he writes of 
shooting ducks from the back door of 
the h(.)use. 

We take the following extracts froni 
'90 notes kindly fui-nished us by B. H. 
Swales, of Detroit, Mich.: 

"April 13th, saw^ a flock of about ISft 
livening Grosbeaks, tame and easily 

April 20th, saw a Large-billed Water 

I\lr. S. would like to ol)tain a list or 
book of Michigan birds. Who can help 
him out? 

A. Dockery, Jr., of Hernando, Miss.» 
rei)()rts an Albino Bronzed Grakle. 



G. H. G., Baltimore, Mil., queries as 
follows: Will some of our older orai- 
thologieal reatlers answer? 

"Through your query eolumu I would 
like to learn something eoncerniug the 
distinction between Harlan's Hawk 
{Buteo horcalis harlani) and the com- 
mon Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo borcaiis). 

1. Has the i^o/"t'«/t.s .at any stage of 
development a yellow eye? 

3. Is the tarsus in Borcalifi not fc^uth- 
ered half way down the front? 

3. Has the Borcaiis never the incis- 
ion in the primary feathers? 

In others words are the distinctions 
maele by Mayna'-d quoted in Langille, 
p. 97, now considered accurate 1 have 
a specimen corresponding to that des- 
cription, but since I have seen several 
specimens labeled "Red-tail," I feel 
that I may not be safe in labelling mine 

J. C. G., Montgomery, O.— 'Twould 
be a hard matter to decitle from your 
description whether your eggs are those 
of the Red-tail or Red-shouldered Hawk. 

The Am. AVoodcock nests very early, 
but your date, March 22d, we think 
more than ordinarily so. 

J. E. S., "Joi'dan's Manual," is a 
standard and inexpensive key and text- 
book on the "Vertebrate Animals of 
Northern United States." 

G. K. B., wishes to know the use of 
the comb-like projection on the middle 
•toe of the Nighthawk, a)id other mem- 
bers of the Goatsucker family. 

G. W. M., Moberly, Mo.— The young 
Red-headed Woodpecker does not have 
a red head. 

Harry R. Painton, of College Park, 
Cala., writes of taking a linely marked 
set of two eggs of the Golden Eagle on 
March 14th. 

H. A. H., Ediiiburg, Ind. — 'J'he signs 
and abl)r('viati(>ns used to indicate the 
age and s(;x (jf a bird are as loUows: 

yg — young; ad— adult; sign of the 
planet Mars — male; sign of the i)laiu^t 
Venus— tVmale. 

H. W. Carriger, of Sonoa Co., Cal., 
took three nests of the Anna's Hum- 
mingbiivl on March 2d. 

^Ir. K. Alkinsou, of Dime I>ox, Texas, 
writes tliat the Turkey Vulture fre- 
quently kills i)igs and lambs, very rare- 
ly 3'oung calves and that only in two 
occasions has he been able to closely 
appr<>aeh them wjien on the nest. Mr. 
A. has been on the Range stock-raising 
for the past twenty-five years and his 
observations cover that period. 

Hugh Hartman, Ft. W^ayni;, Ind., 
writes that a flock of about twenty-live 
Passenger Pigcions was reported as 
staying in th(^ woods eleven miles north- 
east the city last fall. 

F. L. Englebert, Des Moines, la., 
writes that he has found Caustic. Potash 
very etlective in removing embryoes» 
and says: 

•'Dissolve in Avater to form a solution, 
and insert into the egg by means of a 
blowpipe or syringe, the process being 
repeated, after washing out each egg 
before each insertion, until the eml)ry<> 
is all eaten and removed, and being ani- 
mal matter, is easily acted upon and 
dissolved by the potash. (Jri'at care 
must be taken, however, not to allow 
any of the solution to get upon the 
hands or into the mouth, as it has 
about the same elTect as lye, but is not 
so dangerous to handle. I have seen it 
successfully used for several seasons 
past, and used it with success nij'self 
last season." 

U. L. Hertz,, of Napa, Cala., says that 
the English Sparrows persist in making 
a hay st:u'k of their palm trees but, ha.s 
cooled their ardm- a little by taking 45 
eggs at a single i"aid. 

Harry Smis.sen, of Snyder, Tex., took 
a set of two eggs of the Bald Kagle on 
June 20, '90. 

F. S. H., Chagrin Falls, O.— Taxider- 
mists use arsenic or pr(!.servative (arsen- 
ic and alum) as an insect pn^ventative. 

The readers of the OoLOtii.sT are 
most certainly up with the times — the 
latest is from Mr. R. C. Watlers, of 
Baltimore, ~wli(» pi'op.ises to slaiiglit'T 
the English Sparrows by the million 
tlu-ough the agency of electricity— a 
cleverly executed drawing illnstrat(!S 
the battery and eleclniculion perch or 
wire in position, — operator "picssiug 



the button." and sparrows coming and 
falling hj the dozens. The scheme has 
yet to be tested. 

C. D. M., Cinti., Ohio.— The Covvbird, 
Red-winged Blackbird, Bronzed Grakle 
and Am. Crow are common in Southern 

The Ann Arbor taxidermist, Mr. A. 
B. Covert, of Kirtland Warbler fame, 
has been so busy on work in the Univer- 
sity for the past few months that he has 
been unable to put in his usual amount 
of tield work this spring. A few days 
since, however, he writes of collecting 
a day for the U. of M. Museum and 
uieutions the taking of thirteen war- 
blers, twelve different species. 

A photo of a Moose just mounted for 
the University by Friend C. speaks vol- 
umes as to his rank as an artist in 
the profession. 

To many correspondents desiring de- 
scriptions, measurements, etc., (^tc, of 
the eggs of various species, we must re- 
fer them to Davie's "Nests and Eggs of 
North American Birds." Were we to 
attempt to answer all the queries of 
this nature that we receive it would re- 
quire the entire space of several issues 

of the OOLOGIST. 

H. S. D., Fremont, O., writes of tak- 
ing sets of two eggs of the Mourning 
'Dove from the saine nest on April U)th, 
April 26th, May 1st and a single egg on 
May 6th. 

The following corrections should be 
made in Mr. F. L. Farley's "Birds of 
Elgin Co.. Ont.," which appeared in 
the last issue of the OOLOGIST. 

No. 176. Winter Wren, "appear in 
small flocks," should be "small num- 
bers," and No. 188. Hermit Thrush, 
"shot one in Dec. 13, 1878," should be 

Several errors also appeared in Mr. 
M. C. Wliite's article on "The Whip- 
poorwill." The most glaring of which, 
were as follf)ws: 

In the quotation at the beginning, 
third verse, third line, tlie word whe7i 
should be where. In second column, 
fourth line, "Chick-hoo-rhee,^' is a mis- 
representation of Mr. Langille, the h in 
the second syllable should be A;. Foni'- 
teenth line of same column, the word 

seen, which is entirely omitted, should 
follow the word never. In tirst column, 
eighteenth line, the omission of s in 
''syllable," causes a double error; it 
should be syllables. 

Errors also occurred in spelling, etc., 
as Mr. W's. Mss. was faultless, the poor 
printer and proof reader must be given 
full credit. 

C! A. H., Mt. Pleasant, Mich., writes: 
"A week or two ago I noticed a bird 
fly into one of the electric street lamps 
here. Yesterday I got permission to 
let the lamp down and there, on the 
switch board, I found a nest of the 
English Sparrow. The nest contained 
two fresh eggs. It doesn't seem that a 
bird would build its nest in such a 
place; as the lamp has to be lowered 
and raised every daj'." 

C. E. Brown, of Beverly, Mass., 
writes : 

"In reply to "Aix Sponsa's" article in 
Feb. '91, OoLOGiST. I would state that 
the robbing of birds' nest by boys is 
also a nuisance in this part of the 
country, and ought to be suppresed. 
In this State it is almost impossible to 
get a permit to collect for scientific pur- 
poses. Now it seems to me that a man 
wishing to collect for scieutitic purposes 
should be allowed a permit by proving 
that it is a scientiflc purpose that he is 
collecting for. I also think that if per- 
mits were granted to this class that 
they would help to stop the destruction 
of nests and eggs, as they would then 
feel that they were not law In'eaking 
themselves, and had some authority to 
speak on the subject. Who is more in- 
terested in the protection of the birds 
than the true ornithologist and natural- 
ist? And they do not feel like trying to 
stop the small boy from robl)ing nests 
at the cost somtime of exposing them- 
selves. In this section there are plenty 
of people that would be more pleased 
to catch a man taking birds and eggs, 
whether for scientiflc purposes or not 
and report him than they would a boy 
robbing a nest for fun." 

A Trip to Pelican Island. 

The morning of February 17, '91, six 
of us set out in the yacht Lida for Peli- 
can island on which was quartered a 
large colonj- of Brown Pelicans. This 



island, four or tis'e acres in extent, is a 
low tract, barely above the water, and 
offering excellent nesting sites for the 
uncouth birds; it is situated in the 
Indian river about twenty miles south 
of Melboui'ne in Bi'evard County, Fla., 
and has ]>een known as an assemblage 
ground for Pelicans for many years. 
There are not nearly- as many birds to 
be seen about the place as there were 
formerly, but a sufficent number still 
nest there to warrant an article for 
your readers. 

When our craft came within three 
hundred j-ards of the shore the birds 
began to get uneasj' and Avhen we had 
approached Avithiu lifty yards of the 
island an immense nnmber arose from 
he surface and a few stunted trees and 
flew about. It was not, however, until 
a gun had been fired, that a good idea 
of the colony could be had. Olouds 
arose from the ground and settled on 
the water, where they watched us on 
shore. Most of the nests were built on 
the ground ami generally contained 
two or three eggs or young, rarely foiu-. 
A few black mangroves offered suppoit 
for nests on branches from live to lif- 
teen feet from the ground. They dif- 
fei'ed from those made on the ground in 
having many more and heavier twigs, 
and formed with more of a hollow and 
less in height. ManyJ nests on the 
ground were built to i height of nine 
or ten inches and one or two were over 
a foot deep. As a rule the nests were 
about two feet in diameter, but some 
were larger by aljout five inches and a 
and few were smaller. They were all 
built of dead and dried grass, very 
coai'se and much resembled straw from 
a distance. Some nests were construct- 
ed very shiftlessly and not over four 
inches high at the edge. Again many 
were deeply hollowed. It was evident 
from an examination of the structures 
that the birds during inculjation, invar- 
iably sat on the nest in one po.«ition — 
th^ head generally facing the water. 

In those nests containing large young 
the nests was generally much beaten 
down and greatly disarranged. 

There must have been two hundred 
nests containing eggs and young birds. 
Many contained both eggs and young. 
In many nests could be seen birds of ages 
that varied from a few days to two weeks 
and in one instance the dissimilarity in 
size of the young was so great that the 
larger bird in the nest was endeavoring 
to swallow his diminutive squab relative. 
Wewere informed that when theeggsroll 
from the nests there are frequent fights 
resulting from anxiety of the birds to 
gain eggs for their nests. In this man- 
ner eggs are frequently introduced into 
new nests and the emerging of the 
young is correspondingly differential. 
We secured about seventy eggs that 
had not l)een incubated for our cabi- 
nets. The young are fed entirely on 
fish and the amount which a squab can 
place itself outside of is truly astonish- 
ing. One old one had thirteen fish in 
its pouch. 

In a careful estimate we agreed that 
there were four thousand birds in the 
colon}' and some of our party placed 
the number as high as ten thousand. 
Our stay on the island was not agree- 
able on account of the stench arising 
from the decomposing bodies of the 
Pelicans butchered by tourists, and the 
fish. We could have killed hundreds 
of birds, but our party contented them- 
selves with ten good phimaged birds. 
M. GiBBS, M. 1). 

Michigan Ornithology. 

In last numljcr of the Oolcxjist I 
notice an article on "An Oiiiitiiological 
Paradise," decidedly interesting to me. 
Michigan is a great state, one of mag- 
nificent dista:^ices.. The whole state is 
a paradise for the scientist, and as yet 
there is much of the state that needs 
careful exploration by him. There is a 
great variation in sui-face, soil and cli- 
mate, hence a great variation might be 



expected in the (leology, flora and 
fauna. A floral or faimal catalogue 
made in one portion of the state will be 
so different from one made in another 
portion, that one might think it belong- 
ed to another state. 

Glancing through the article referred 
to I notice names of birds either very 
rare or unknown in my portion of the 
State— the South-eastern. 

I have not yet found any of the fol- 
lowing species: 

Cape May War))ler, Tennessee War- 
bler, Orchard Oriole, Red-bellied Nut- 
hatch, Wilson's Black-capped Warbler, 
Golden-winged Warbler, Oven-bird 
Hermit Thvush, Magnolia Warbler, 
Canadian Warbler, Nashville Warliler 
and Maryland Yellow-throated and 
Black-throated Blue Warblers. 

As birds are by no means scarce here, 
aud of many species,! am led to believe 
that a comparison of the catalogues of 
the species found in Eastern and West- 
ern Michigan, Avould be of a decided 
interest to the Ornithologist. 

It may be well to remember that 
while the upper Peninsula may be bur- 
ied beneath theee to six feet of snow, 
and snow shoes be in every day use, 
the ground may be bare in the South- 
eastern portion of Lower Michigan, and 
rain may be falling. The ground here 
has been bare more than ^alf of the 
time this winter, while in the Upper 
Peninsula the snow has been three feet 
or more deep. 

Pine woods are scarce here, still there 
is one some, fifteen miles to the North- 
west upon the rather level summit of 
the great moraine or ridge that crosses 
South-east Michigan. Perhaps a fur- 
ther study of these pine woods Avould 
reveal many of the species I have not 
met with where I reside. Here upon 
the eastern slope of the great ridge just 
noticed, I find a journey of a few miles 
shows a great diftereuce in both flora 
and fauna. For instance a few miles 
cast, and the plains of South-eastern 

Michigan with their characteristic flora 
aud fauna — to me a decided monotony 
— are reached. 

Eastward and Northward hills and 
valleys succeed each other in rapid suc- 
cession, the hills steadklly increasing in 
height and steepness of slope, and an 
immense number of lakes are found, 
— 450 in Oakland Co. alone — and of 
course many streams. So a great var- 
iation of flora and fauna are found in a 
journey of but a few miles. 

Wilfred A. Brotherton. 

Rochester, Mich. 

A Duty to Perform. 

NoAv that the collecting season is 
actually here, and other things claim 
our attention, let us still not forget to 
do our duty by the English Sparrow. 

As winter presents a specially good 
opportunity for the direct destruction 
of the bird. So summer presents an 
equally good opportunity to pi'event 
their increase. 

This is something that every collector 
in the land can aid in, there being no 
one, who cannot prevent these birds 
from breeding in his special domain, 
and the hearty co-opei"atiou of all col- 
lectors, cannot but leave a marked 
effect on the numbers of the "pest." 

Let us then not neglect a duty, so 
easy of accomiilishmeut, but each cov- 
ering as much territorj'- as possible, de- 
stroy alike, nests, eggs, and young. 

This may seem somewhat cruel, but 
we should remember that it is the ruf- 
fan element among birds. That we are 
destroj'ing those who if left to multiply 
unchecked, will go on with the woi'k 
already so keenly felt in many of our 
cities and villages. 

The first Bluebird seen here this 
spring, had scarcely been noted, before 
the English Sparrows pitched on to 
him, and foi'ced him to move on. 

A correspondent from Rochester 
writes me that the first Robin which he 



noted ill the c-ity, was attacked bj' 
""About ten millions English Sparrows," 
who did their best to make life miser- 
able for him. 

Let us then have these things sn mind 
take them home to ourselves, and ask 
•ourselves if we wish the English Spar- 
row to increase to the partial or entire 
•driving out of our own birds. 

If there is any one who doubts the 
•chai'ges made a'gaiust the English Spar- 
I'ow he need not take an}' one's testi- 
mouj", but let him for one year care- 
lullj- watch the life and habits of this 
l)ird and he will become fullv convinc- 
■t'd, and I venture to say that whoever 
he is, he will not hesitate to join the 
•ever increasing number, who proclaim 
that the "English Sparrow must go." 

B. S. B. 
Phelps, N. y. 

Gt. Horned Owl. 

The (it. Horned Owl is not a very 
common bird here. At least I have 
never l^een able to find it breeding in 
any vei-y great abundance. 

The bird is very shy and seeks as a 
nesting place some very retired place, 
■where its nest is to be found in some 
lr)fty tree or else in some hollow rotten 
Jimi) in an almost inacce.ssable one. 

In my experience of collecting 1 have 
found it nesting near a house or in a 
small tree but twice, one of these times 
it was in a small white oak, not 
more than 12 feet from the ground in 
iin old crow's nest. The nest contain- 
ed two 3'oung Owls, about two or three 
<lays old. 

The other instance the tree was a big 
black oak that was hollow and had 
been broken off aljout \~> ft. from the 
ground, down in the hollow, about two 
feet was the nest containing two eggs, 
perfectly fresh. I found this nest on 
April 15, 1891, the tree stood about 30 
rods from a house. 

I know of another tree where a pair 

of Owls and a pair of Red-tailed Hawks 
make a home every year, and ai-e liable 
to for some time to c(mie, as that Oolo- 
gist who "robs" their nest must be an 
adventuresome one. 

It is in the very top of a black oak, 
about 75 feet high, tiie tree leans out 
i>ver a rocky gorge so that the nest is 
fully 125 feet from the ground. The 
old Owls ai'c usually not very savage, 
but sometimes they are very bold when 
their nest is molested. 

The eggs are nearly round and al- 
most white, ditTerent eggs show g.xeat 
variation in size and shape. They 
average about 1.86 x 2.25 inches. 

Tliere seems 1o be no regularity m 
the time of nesting, as I have found 
nests containing young at least two 
weeks old by the 26th of Feb., and 
nests containing fresh eggs as late as 
April, but the last of Feb. and the first 
part of March seems to bo tlic best 

A I'ap on the trunk of the tree is us- 
ually enough to scare the old bird off 
the nest. Sometimes the old bird will 
stay on the nest until you climb up to 
it, and sometimes they will leave the 
nest before you see it. Whenever you 
hear an old Owl hooting in the spring 
you may feel pretty sure there is a nest 
near the place. 

The Gt. Horned Owl is more plenti- 
ful here than the Barred Owl. Hoping 
to hear more about the Owls through 
the columns of the Oologist I will 

R. M. Fkisbey, Jr. 
Sparland, 111. 

Enemies of Our Feathered Friends- 

When standing in the dense under- 
growth of some shady grov(^, where no 
sound but that of nature is heard, do 
you not often wish you were a bird, 
with no trouble, no task, and have life 
seem like a pleasant dream? I do; but 
then as we look into the habits of the 



warblers, whose lives seem so gay, we 
find there are thorns on their roses 

First of all there is the cat, who is 
seen creeping through the bushes try- 
ing to jump upon some unfortunate 
bird, who is not aware of its enemy. 
Then there is the grass snake, who 
glides with its flexible body through 
the grass, trying to tiod the nest of 
some bird who builds within its reach, 
to suck its eggs or kill the young or the 
old bird. 

But worse than these or anj' other is 
collector, egg-hog, nest-robber, or any 
other name you may apply. 

Although I profess to be a collector, 
I don't collect in sets. Some of you 
may say "not much of a collector,'' 
well, think so. If I have one egg of a 
set and my data shows hoM' many there 
were in the nest, what do I Avant of 
them all, are they not more valuable to 
the bird than me? 

There is a class of boj's here, and 
maybe there is where j'ou live, who 
don't i-eally collect eggs, but get all they 
can in the spring, punch a hole iu each 
end and blow the inside out, put them 
in a cigar box and let them lay around 
all summer and throw them away in 
the winter, so as to begin again in the 
spring. I heard a boy say he had 25 
"Growney's" eggs. 

I think a nice collection of single 
eggs, side blown, lirst-class, with data, 
is a very nice thing to have and to keep 
and to collect them is much better than 
loafing around smoking cigarettes or 
reading dime novels. 

I take a great interest in bircjs, and 
should like to learn about them with- 
out robbing them of all their eggs. 
Geo. R. Cooley, 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Queer Neighbors. 

While out collecting last May, in 
Northampton Co. Va. I stumbled over 

an oddity in the way of a rookery, ten- 
anted by Purple Grakles and Green 
Herons. The former were much the 
more numerous, their nests numbering 
a hundred or more while the Herons 
could probably muster no more than 
twenty-tive pairs. 

The colony occupied a grove of small 
second growth pines, some twenty feet 
in heighth, the nests of the Grakles in- 
variably being placed up in the very 
top of the trees while their less assum- 
ing companions were content to dwell 
in the lower story, so to speak, their 
'•platforms" seldom being over ten feet 
from the ground and loosely balanced 
on the top of a horizontal branch. As 
the breeding ground was some distance 
from the water it was somewhat sur- 
prising to tind the Herons so numerous, 
as in this locality they usually nest sin- 
gly or iu bunches of three or four paii's, 
on the small islets that strew the shore. 

In spite of their dissimiliar tastes, the 
two species seemed to get on well to- 
gether, possibly because most 6f them 
were busily employed in feeding half- 
grown young at the time of our' visit. 
This seemed to be true with all the gra- 
kles, but some of the Herons had nests 
tilled with fresh sets of eggs, doubtless 
the second attempts of those birds 
whose earliest efforts had met with dis- 
aster . 

The difference in the behavior of the 
young was very noticable. The young 
Blackbirds were scattered indiscrim- 
inately through the branches and over 
the ground below, each one making 
more noise than his fellow. Their lan- 
ky neighbors on the contrary knew 
enough to stay near home and could al- 
ways be found, silent and perfectly 
motionless, by the side of their miser- 
able bed of sticks,the whole outfit form- 
ing as comical a picture as one can find 
in a month's collecting. 

Theodoee W. Richards, 
Washington, D. C. 




Low Prices and Good Wook 

We do all Job Printing in the latest and 

best styles, at bottom prices, 

Printed to order with neatness and dispatch. 

Data Blanks, Naturalists' Labels, Cards, 

Note Heads, Envelopes, Tags, 

Price Lists &.C. 

Send us a copy or wTlte us what you waut, 
a«id fret our prices before giving orders else- 
trtiere. We will save you money. Address, 

W. A. CROOKS & Go. 



We have just purchased of the 
manufacturers at less than actual 
cost of i)l;iting. a lot of gold and sil- 
ver pliited charm rules, size and 
gradiKitious are as illustrated. We 
liave less than "."> all told and until 
July 1st (unless sold before) we 
will mail them prepaid at the fol- 
lowing low rates : 

Silver Plated Vk regular price SOc 
Gold •• aOc •• " 7.5c 

Albion, N. Y- 


Natural Science Establisliinent. 

North An^ci'ican 

And Foreign 


Eggs of the North and South African Ostrich, 
South American Ostrich. Emeu. Casso- 
wary, etc.. with other rare spe- 
cies from all parts of 
the Globe 


yEPIORNIS MAXIMUS (ciust) from Mada- 
gascar, one of these eggs Is thirteen Inches long, 
win hold 2 gallons of wat«r and Is equal to 148 
hens' eggs. Price |;i(X), with mounting *4.(X). 

Price of caUilogue, K>c. 

Ward's Natoral Science Establishment. 


PfRllIT 1! '? ^P^5'«ti';j''^'.^ I'^'' ^i^'- '^ ^^^ *'-™= 


for »3.(J0; 75 for ?8.0a HI. List. 

' FRANK KINNE, Knoxville, Iowa. 


I Photography 





Any person sending 
us 15c before June 15, 
iwn, we will, in order to 
introduce our goods, 
send prepaid the follow- 
iwf. articles, viz: 

Me.xiia^n Resurrection 
I* 1 a n t. Instantaneous 
Phot( )graph Camera 
(Will be .sold separately 
for lOc. 12 Japanese Nap- 
kins, 1 Japanese Envel- 
ope. 1 Leaf from Japan- 
ese liook. 1 pkg. Scrap 
Pictures. 10 varieUes of 
Foreign Stamps, Cou- 
pon grxid for 25c on an 
orderof Ji.ooor over. 

The entire package 
will be sent you by re- 
turn mail, prepaid for 
only l.Tc.^ address, 


Gaines, Orleans Co., N. Y. 



— coi.r.EcrroR of— 


I make a specialty of mailing birds same day 
as skmned. or sent in the flesh after subjecting 
them to a preservative preparition. Enclose 
stamp for Price List. 


If you want anything in the RUBBER STAMP 
LINE, write to "FORD." for prices. Hewqi 
furnish yon a four-line stamp with pads and 
ink for only .S3c. post-paid. Address, 

R. W. F^ORO, 


mported Japanese & Indian Silk Worm 

Eggs for Seed, in Silk Culture. 

Different species, also the celebrated Madras 
Silk Cocoons, warranted to be raised success- 
fully In this country. Directions given how to 
raise them profitably. Prices Low. 





Duplicates can Ik- returned. 


Catalogue for sUimp. 


New Kodak Cameras. 

^^You press the bictton, 

we do the res£\ 





g^For ?n1e by all Plioto. Stock Dealers. Send for Catalogue. 




Soldiers disabled since the war are entitled 

Dependent widows ;iud parents now depen- 
dent. sons died from effects of army ser- 
vice are iucVuded. If yon wish yonr claim 
speedily and successfnlly prosecuted, address. 


Washington. D. C. 

Late Coiu'r of Pension 

Carr's Natnral History and Bird Stores. 

Taxidermy, Bird .Sldns and Epss. Shells. 
Ctirios, Minerals. Fossils, Indian Relics and 
Naturalists' .Supplies :Singing and Fancy Bii-ds. 
Talking Pan-ots. Goldflsh and Aquarium 
Stock. Send Stamp for Catalogues, Price lists 
and Publications. 

O. F>. CARR. 

Jetf. Madison, Wis. 

E*ub. of Wis. Naturalist. 50c per j-ear. 



Minerals and Fossils fi-om Dakota, Washing- 
ton. Arizona. Colorado and the west. 


We have a little primer to send. 5c. It is 
illustrated and samples are given with it. U. 
L. HKRTZ. & Co. Napa City C.Ua. Prop'rs 
Daisy Advertising Bureau. 

FOR SALE. — Golden Eagle's Egg. $(.F,0, 
Bald Eagle's W.50. Both ttrst-class Eggs. D. 
B BA.RTL,ETT. 10:4 Elm St.. Mauchester.N. H. 



Are used and re-ordered by 
3.000 Newspapers. Try them 
for every line of business 
and profession. 



Spruce St-, New York- 

TO PRINTERS.— IS.'^ worth of Brass Leads, 
Cross-Rules. Dashes, Take-Slugs, etc. Will 
trade for Real Estate. A-1 Safety Bicycle, or 
pood Personal Property. CHAS. TURTON, 
Los Angeles. Calif. 

HAVE you read Lattin's "Exchange Extra- 
ordinary" in this OoLUGiST? 

Improves with eveiy issue. Eight pages and 
cover. Monthlv. Why dout you send for free 
sample copy to JOSEPH E. BLAIN. Bingham- 
ton. N. Y. 

Book for Advertisers. 

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.. of Ne\\' York, publish- 
ers of the American Newspaper Director}^ and 
of Printers' Ink. a jotirnal for advertisers— the 
oldest and best kno"v\Ti of all the advertising 
agencies— conduct their business in such a way 
as to make it a material benefit to both adver- 
tiser and newspaper publisher. 

Every one who is in need of information on 
the subject of advertising will do well to obtain 
a copy of Geo. P. Rowell & Co's "Book for Ad- 
vertisers." 368 pages, price one dollar. It is 
mailed, postage paid, on receipt of price, and 
contains" a careful compilation from the Amer- 
ican Newspaper Directory of all the best papers 
in the United States and Canada. It gives the 
circulation rating of every one and a good deal 
of information about rates and other matters 
pertaining to the business of advertising. 

Whoever has made himself acquainted with 
what may be Icai-nert from this book will admit 
that from its pages one may gather pretty 
much all the information that "is needed to per- 
fect an intelligent plan of advertising. It is 
not a complete newspaper directory. It Is 
much better ; for although it names barely one- 
third of the newspapers published, it does enu- 
merate every one of the best and all that a 
general advertiser is likely to have occasion to 






Monthly. \Srj 

y^ 50c. per Year. ^^^? 


ALBION, N. Y., JULY, 1891. 

No. 7 

Exchanges and Wants. 

Brief special announcements, "Wants," "Ex- 
changes" inserted iri this department for a5c 
per •£> words. Notices over •£> words, charged 
it the rate of one-half cent per word. No 
notice inserted for less than 25c. Notices 
■which are merely indirect methods of soliciting 

■cash purchasers cannot be admitted to these 
columns under any circumstances. Terms, 

■ cash with order. 

HAVE you I'ead Lattin's "Excbange Extra- 
ordinaiV in this Ooi.ogist? 

STAMPS or Eugs wanted. HavQ to exchange 
--' sets 'i Bald Eagle 3 sets !-.=> Gt. Bine Heron, 
^nearing' out. write at once. WM. PURDY. 
Avlnier. Out.. Canada. 

D. BIGGAK. Fulton. Wis., wants big cents. 
V nickles without cents, twenty cent pieces, old 
■Uinies and quarters. Can exchange arrow- 
heads, scrapers, eggs or skins. 

WANTED.— Sets with data, for sets and sing- 
les. Send your lists and receive mine. An op- 
portunity to get rare Southern eggs. Also 
stamps to exchange. S. W. PARISH. Calvert. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— Will exchange an egg of 
<Vi-i and 4.V.J for either of 373, filit. 4,S«. .'^4, A. O. U. 
Data must accompany all eggs. They must al- 
-o be fresh. GEO. F. MIMS. P. O. Box 67. Ed- 
lefield. S. C. 

1Y) EXCHANGE.— A 4 x 2'i in printing 
press. Double roller and six fonts of type, all 
<*<>mplete: also collection of stamps numbering 
HX» in Scott's album, for tirst-class birds' eggs 
in sets with data. LOUIS KELLOGG. \H) 
Water St.. Kalamazoo. Mich. 

FOR EXCHANGE.- Birds' Eggs, Fos.sils. 
Minerals. Curios.. et<>. Will exchange for a 
I'lMit. good Shot-gim. Canvas Boat, Copper and 
Silver Coin or anything useful. Addi-ess, T. S. 
HILL. Knoxville. Marion Co.. la. 

TO EXCHAN(JE.— Single Magpie Eggs for 
-ingle Eastern F^ggs. Address, WILL BUR- 
XETT. Ft. Collins, Colo. 

EXCHANGE. -I have stamps, fo.sslls, curios. 
♦*U¥rs to exchange for same. .\11 letters answer- 
.■il. W. R. HIKU. Lock B...\ TiOT. Mason City. 

TO EXC:HANGE.— One Plymouth air-gun. 
' value ^.()Ui in gfK)d conditiuu. also Shadfiw 
■ixl R\iler Albums and .set of fi)ur Albino *-ni:s 
• -' Bluebird, for eirgs in sintrles. Gun shool-- 
B. n." .shot. K. HAKIM v •• ' ' I I'l >STKI{. 
Shreveport, r..a. 

HAVE you read Lattin's ■Exchange Extra-> 
ordinary" in this Oot.oGisx? 

WANTED.— Natural History specimens of 
nearly all branches, in large or small ([uanti- 
ties. Will exchange specimens or supplies, or 
pay cash. Send list with lowest prices. I have 
some paper-cover -Davie's Keys'' to exchange. 
C. F. CAKR. Madison. Wis. ' Je3 

BIRDS' eggs in sets, including 375, 337, B76. 
751, T^. 4^8, and many others to exchange for 
the same, J. WARREN JACOBS, Waynes- 
burg. Pa. 

EGGS in full and original sets, with complete 
data, for Hawks. Owls. Terns. Gulls, and Hum- 
mers with same qualiHcations. JAMES II. 
HILL. B(?x U').5. Edinburg, 1)1. 

NOTICE :— Parties wishing sets or singles, 
with datas, of eggs of this section will do well 
to WTite to L. B. TOWN, Worthington, Minne- 

I HAVE tirst-class California sets and singles 
to exchange for sets with data. Send list and 
receive mine. ED. WALL, Box ^73, San Ber- 
nardino. Calif. 

WISH TO EXCHANGE.-Common, Arctic. 
Roseate Teni's Eggs; also Starfish, Sea Ur- 
chins, for Indian Arrow Heads or Western or 
Southera Bird Eggs. VINAL N. EDWARD.S, 
JR.. Woods Holl, Mass. 

WANTED.— Pet Canaries, Cardinals, Vellow- 
birds, Hawks and Owls. Have to exchange one 
Tent, 7x7 feet. 10 oz.. West Point Standard 
Duck. 1 3-draw Achromatic Telescope, one 4 x 
5 Camera, (me Ebony-handled Dagger (.Solire- 
gea .Steel), one line Saber and other articles, all 
new. THAD. SURBER, White Sulphur 
Springs. West Va. 

TO EXCHANGE.- One tame Great-horned 
Owl and thirtv Clapper Rail's eggs, tirst-class. 
for best offers in eggs. I. U. KINSEV, JR, 204 
New Houston St.. .Savanah, Georgia. 

WANTED.— Minerals, Fossils, Indian Relics, 
fresh and salt water Shells. Corals, Curios,, for 
same; will exchange fine Fossils, also Pet Moss. 
What am I offered for :i, nair of live (Jninen 
Pigs. J. M. KILVINGTON, Mason City, Cerro 
Gordo Co., Iowa. 

TO EXCHANGE. -2!4 x 3'j Printing Pres.s 
5.U0 Italic Type. S.()<) Electrot.vpe, l.H); Mounted 
Loon and (Jreat Horned Gwl. Electrical appar- 
atus. l.(«) Natiwal History I'apers lO.UU, ilMAt) 
Confederate money, for Ej^gs, Skins or unv 
good i)erson!il property. No cards auswereJ. 
LETSON HALLIKT, IH.'I (enter Street, iu-n 
Moines, low;i. 



HAVE you read Lattin-s -Exchange Extra- 
oi-dinarv"' in this Ooi.otiisxr 

W\NTED.— Siihscriber's for the Youth's 

Companion. I give full i^l^^'^K^'^^^'^-r.^.^T,^^ 
paper Ax-ith sample copy. GEO. L. GUUiLKl, 
Wayne. Delaware Co. Pa. 

' FLORIDA EGGS and tine specimens of the 
Florida Phosphate rock exchange fgi; Indian 
Relics Minerals. Fossils or. Curios. Send Ust 
for same T. GILBERT PEARSON, Archer. 

TO EXCHANGE.-A pair of Climbing Irons 
for Ornithological papers, sets^ of Eggs^ etc. 
What am I offered? W. LOUCKS, Box 4/8. 
Peoria. HI. ^ 

EXCHANGE.-Havel'JDOpost marks in Al; 
hum. Weeden horizontal engine. 32 Birds. ID- 
Birds- Eggs, to exchange for Compound Micro- 
scope. Mounted Botanical Specimens. Send 
list. G. A. RODMAN. Kingston. R. I. _ 

TO EXCHANGE.— A live Eagle in perfect 
condition, stretches 8 ft. 7 in., weigiit 34 pounds. 
Will exchange for the best offer. L. v . CAbJi.. 
Naples. N. Y. 

TOEXCHANGE.—Frst-class Birds' Eggs in 
sets with data, also singles. For eggs Jiot in 
my collection. Send list and receive mine. H. 
SAYLES J^;.. Abilene Texas. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Live Prairie Cogs and 
Covotes Colorado Minerals. Coins, and Photos 
of Souix Indians: for Indian Flints. Axes and 
Curios. Send wants and offers. H. STEPHEN- 
SON. Lexington. Neh. 

HAVE rare Eggs of Colorado to exchange for 
microscope. Held glass, college text books, 
scientific works and other books. Must be m 
good condition and cheap. H. G. HOSKDST, 
Beloit. Colo. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Eggs, singles for singles, 
also magic lantern worth J4.50. Send for de- 
scription of eggs. Exchange lists. FRANK 
WILLARD. .=ilO N. Cherry St.. Galesburg. 111. 

TO EXCHANGE.- Birds' Eggs, singly and In 
sets. I especially want Gulls. Terns. Petrels. 
Cormorants. Herons. Rails. Hawks and Owls. 
C. B. JOHNSON, Red Wing. Minn. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Two vols. Golden Days. 
set of Coopers' Leather Stocking Tales, new 
Scroll Saw with wood patterns etc. for banjo, 
skates, fishing tackle, or other personal prop- 
erty. S. K. FROST. Pawling. N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— First-class original sets of 
(A O. U. Nos.) 13 1-1.16 1-1, 3<) 1-3. 31a 1-1. I3()c 1-3. 
133b, 1-3 1-4. 3SH 1-ir. 360 1-4 15. 373c 1-3. 3T8 1-6. 413 
1-4. 4:51 1-3 and nest. 464 1-4, 466 1-4. 499 1-4 .tCX) 1-4. 
.V)lb 1-4, iil'..C 1-5. 530 1-4 1-5. h:i\ 1-4 1-.5. r>81d 1-4. 
591 b 1-4. 596 1-3 1-4, 99 1-3, 6.53 1-5, 685a 1-4. 715 1-5. 
731b 1-7. 733 1-5 1-7. 742a 1-3. 743a 1-6, 7.58 1-4; for 
other first-class original sets. FRED A, 
SCHNEIDER. College Park. Cala. 

TO EXCHANGE.— The following tlrst-class 
Eggs all in sets and singles the number written 
-3 shows number of eggs in set. In exchange I 
want only first-class sets with full data. a. O. 
U. Nos. 13 -1. 16 -1. 39 -1. 133b -3 -3, 373c -2 -3 -4, 4;^! 
-3 and nest. 466 -4. 476 -4 -6 -7 -9. 499 -4. 508 -3, 51(!) 
-4 -h. hau -3 -4, .>53a -4 -5. 581d -3, 591b -3 -4, .596 -3 ~4. 
W«» -3 -4, 6.53 -4 -5. 721a -5 -6 -7, 758 -3 -4, Also sec- 
ond class eggs of 16. CORY CHAMBERUN. 
College Park. Santa Clara County, Calfi. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— An A- 1 Coues" Key: foi- 
best offer of Eggs in sets with data. ALMA 
KING. San Bernardino. Cal. 

TO EXCHANGE.— 700 first-class Eggs in. sets 
of this locality : for Western Eggs, Send lists 
and receive mine. J. S. SQUARE. Stratford, 
Ontario, Canada, 

FRAGMENTS of Petrified Bones of the Mast- 
odon and Saurian, plainly showing bone tissue, 
recently discovered in one of the canons of th& 
Grand, also cactus plants in exchange for 
Birds' Eggs, Address, PAUL E, KENNEDY,. 
Member Western Colo, Academy of Science, 
Grand Junction, Colo. 

TO EXCHANGE.— The following first-class, 
sets ^^'iih data. A. O. U. Nos,: 308 1-5, 373 1-4. 
4-JO 3-2. 418 1-3 .568 1-3 1-3. .3:37 1-3 l-3.and numerous 
other singles and sets to exchange for first- 
class singles. MILO W, KIBBE, Princeton, 

TO EXCHANGE,— First-class Birds' Eggs ia 
sets and singles, and Stamps for same, FRED 
A, GREGORY, 1314. N. Court St., Rockford, 

TO EXCHANGE. -First Class mounted speci- 
mens of Cooper's Hawk, Red-Shouldered Hawk. 
Ruffed Grouse, for eggs in sets with data: write 
what you have for exchange. GEO. V, SMITH ^ 
Tioga, Tioga Co,. Penna. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— First-class eggs in sets, 
collected by myself on the lower Rio Grande, 
Texas. A. O. U. Nos.— 335. 341, 32.5. 326, 311, 419, 
431. 573. 706. 707. 289b. 293a. 319, .594. 487. 512 and 
others. Will exchange with reliable collectors 
for eggs in sets that I can use. D. B. BUR-- 
ROWS. Lacon. Illinois. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— Elegantly finished pho-- 
tographs of nests and eggs of the following 
birds: Wood Thrush, Wilson's Thrush, Oven- 
bird, Whip-poor-will, Rufff>d Grouse, Indigo 
Bird. Worm Eating. Nashville. Blue-wing. Yel- 
low. Black and White and Chestnut-sided War- 
blers, and many others to exchange for sets 
that I can use. 'Send lists. H. W. FLINT, care 
Yale National Bank. New Haven, Conn, 

yes: I want a good 22 or 32 cal. Rifle, ftn-- 
which I will give a bargain in Eggs, sets of sin- 
gles. My list contains Barn Owl 1-4. Screech 
Owl 1-5, Burrowing Owl 1-9, Marsh Hawk 1-.5. 
Night Hawk 1-2. Chewink 1-4, Cai'dmal Gros- . 
beak 1-4. Chickadee 1-7, W, Meadow Lark 1-.5. 
Kingfisher 1-7. Scarlet Tanager 1-4. Killdeer 1-4, 
Leaches' Petrel 1-1, Prairie Horned Lark 1-2,. 
Downy Woodpecker 1-5, Prairie Hen 1-13, Bar- 
tramian Sandpiper 1-4, etc, with full data. 
Send full description of gun. and list of what 
you want to MILFORD PEW. Hebron. Neb. 

WANTED— To exchange Fossils. Mounted 
birds and skins. Eggs singles and sets also. 
Magic Lantern with WtO views, watch, etc., for- 
Minerals. Fossils. Bird eggs and skins, confed- 
erate money, relics, coins, stamps. Sea Shells 
and Curios. Write quick with list, correspon- 
dence answered. W. A. & W. E. BRYAN, New 
Sharon, Iowa, 

FOR EXCHANGE.— Auk Vols. I and VII. al-- 
so No. 4. Vol. V: O. & O. for '87. '88. '89. '90: two. 
sets of first three Nos. of O. & O. Semi-Aiinual ; 
a fine egg cabinet holding 192 trays 3x4 inches: 
7 doz. trays. 2 doz. 6x4; book of datas : pair of 
Buffalo horns : first-class ostrich egg : Prang's 
Natural History Series of birds, mammals and 
flowers (colored plates in holders) ; and hunting 
coat. Will exchange above for books on Nat-- 
ural History. EOWARD P..GARLTON. Wan- 
wato.*?*. Wis.. 





I \v;int at once the following tivst-class eytrs. either in singles or in sets, in exchange at 1890 
prices, or if in set.s. I will allow 10 per cent, above these prices." in exchange for the articles men- 
tioned below. Eggs taken in large or small quantities. No exchange anionnting to less than 
*1.<X) can be ••bothei-ed with" unless 10 cents additional is enclosed for return iiostage and pack- 
ing. If you have anj- of the rarer species to ofier send lists. Species wanted. Kidu\\uv's Nos. : 

•2. . as, '^7. 41. -}-,>. 47. 50. 51. m. 68, 99. 1:,'8; anv of the rarer Warblers, ih',. 108, ly.Sa. UK. ISiS. i98a. 
214. S17, a48. 2.51, iKJ7, 277, 278, 278b. 2911 »W, ,301, ;iiO, 32(5: I'.nv of the Hummingbirds, 3.53, 
a54. 3.57. 361. 382. 38.5, .387. 388; any of the Owls. Hawks, Eagles or Vultures. 459, 4ti5. IV.!. 482, 483 ; 
any of the Herons, 497, 498, 501, 505, 507, 516, 5A). .525. .5.52. 5.55, 557, 569, .571, 572, .574, 578. .582. .583, 601, 
609, 613, 618, 6:-(4. 6};): any of the Cormorants. t)49. 650, 664, 6i56a, 668, 673. 679, 681, 686, 687, 688, 690, 693, 
721, 723, 72S), 736. 7t)0, 761. 763a, 522. 231. olU, 315. 4t'0. 

■We will accept any species not mentioned "above at one-half 1890 prices. 

In return for the above, I will give any of the following articles, specimens or supplies at the 
prices quoted. 


Brass Blowpipe J .25 

Imperfect Blowpipe 10 

Xo. 1. ^-XM Egg Drill 08 

•■ 2. 12-lU) •• •• ^ 12 

•• 3. 1.5-UKJ '• '■ 15 

" 4. 18-lOT " " 18 

" .5.21-11)0 " " 20 

Nickel - plated 4'/2 in. Embn'o Hook .30 

\m Exchange and Return Ex. Sheets 80 

•• Order Sheets 45 

•• Billheads 45 

• Data Blanks, assorted .40 

• Labels. No. 11 20 

•• Taxidermist's Labels 25 

Oologisi's Hand-book. 1885 15 

Hand-book on Insect Collecting 15 

17 Back Numbers Ooi.ogist 75 

OOLOGiST (no prem. I from date to Jan. '91 .50 

with •■ for one year 1.00 

Card for one Ex. Notice in the Ooi.OGiST. .35 
A few Ini'oniplete Copies of MajTiard's 
■•Birds of East<:*rn North Amei-ica."' newly 
bound in bfiards and leather, (Publisher's 
cash price f 18.00) 15.00 


Club-spined Urchin, very line 

Egg Case of Periwinkle.! 

Lucky Tooth of Codfish 

Starfish. Martha's Vineyard, fine 

Pod of Sabre Beau, veiy curious 

Rajah or Beetle Nut 

Brown-banded Sea Bean 

Red Sea Bean 

Gray Sea Bean 

Trilobite (Culymene Niagraensis) 

Scaphites.from Bl'ck Hills.choice, desirable 

Resurrection Plant 

Barnacle, Pacific, choice double specimens 

Polished Agate, pendant 

Indian Pottery, tine specimen 

Sea Fan, *; in., extra fine 

Alligator Tooth, tine 

100 Foreign Stamps, all different 

A Desirable Flat Sea Urchin from Zebu 

Channel. Phillipines 

Sea Horse, verv tine 

Fcssil PoljTiCnral 

Fossil Sea Urchin 

Egg of Skate 

'• •■ Shark 

" " Hammerhead or Leopard Shark 

King or Horse-foot Crab 


Little Brown .lug $ 

Collectors' Puzzle Whistle 

Bird V.'arbler 

Catapult Gun, Iron frame 

Box Pharaoh's Serpent Eggs 

85 Best Assorted Fish Hooks 

$ ..50 

Joker's Photo. Camera , ^ 25 

■O. K." Parer and Slicer 25 

Fountain Pen (every collector should carry 

one in his pocket) 35 

Students' Outiit (Pen. Penholder. Lead and 
Slate Pencils, and 6-ln. Rule) 15 


Texan Cardinal .50 

Dwarf Cowbird 35 

Limpkin. extra fine. 2nd-class 1.00 

Barrow's Golden-Eye 1.25 

Noddy Tern, set of one, with data 75 

Sooty ' 40 

Amei'ican Eared Grebe 50 

American Scoter 2.,tO 

Sennet's Thrasher (13a) 40 

American Scaup Duck 75 

White-winged Dove 40 

•• !4, with data 1,00 

Arkansas Goldfinch ' .20 

Velvet Scoter 1.50 

Tufted Titmouse 40 

Carolina Wren 20 


Bul-bul, from Phillipines 51. oo 

Black-headed Weaverlinch .50 

European Blackbird 15 

Song Thrush 15 

Ruddy Sheldrake 1... .50 

Med. Black-headed Gull 35 

Barb.ary Partridge 25 

i^' Continued on next page. 

If you desire to obtain anything on the above 
list in exchange, send on your eggs at once. If 
you have no eggs, but have other desirable 
specimens in quantity, write what you have, 
with price; or will exchange for collections of 
tine Postage Stamps or second-hand Books on 
Nattiral History, or choice Indian Relics. 

Only Hrst-class .Specimens accepted at any 
price, all others returned at sender's expense. 

We will receive hundreds of packages in an- 
swer to this ex<'hange and If you do not write 
your name plainly f)n the outside f)f the pack- 
ages you send, your exchange will be delayed 
and packages possil)ly lost. 

This offer will hold" good imtil July 1.5th onlv. 

Send on your specimens at once" in large or 
STuall quantities. It makes no difference to ns 
whether you .send !fl.(X) or ¥l(x).()o worth, but If 
less than f l.(X) wwth, 10 cents extra must be en- 
closed for I'eUim postage and packing. 

Large tiuautitles shipped by express or 
freight, 7nusl. be j/repni'l. Address, 







The iojiowins? Shells are included in our Ex- 
change E:ctraordinary offer. 

All Extra Fine Bright Specimens. 

Tellina radiata ? -10 

Cvprsea helvoia 11' 

■ ■• Isabella ^0 

talpa. ^ 

•' moneta ^^ 

Mercenaria hiiteri 1-^ 

Purpura patiUa !■;} 

Murex pudoricolor 1-^ 

OUva fusii'onuis l-"* 

■• litterata -1? 

•• ispidula !■"> 

•' intlata 10 

Fissureila Vnxrbadensis l^ 

Strophia glans .10 

Deutallum entails ' On 

Srrombus bituberculata 35 

Perna ephippium S-t 

Apporhais pes-pelicanl 10 

Nerita peleronta 10 

Pierocera lanibis W 

Voluta vespertilio -> 

Ovulaovif oralis 3.t 

Turbo chrysostomus 35 

" samaticus 60 

Nauina hepatica ^ 

Helix zebuensis -W 

Bulinius daphnis. 'J'S 

L| -I "1! t„i- Pen & Pencil Stamp only /C\J^ 

Igl^lf We will send you one by 
ii-iic 11'^^'' °" receipt of price. 

[- ila A,!^entR Wanted. 

c^s. ^R. w! FORD, Bristol.Conn. 




„ The only successful remedy for 

Nervous Debility, Vital Weakness, 

and Prostration, from over-work or other causes. 
SI per vial, or 5 vials and large vial powder, for f 5, 
Sold by Druggists, or sent postpaid on receipt 

Cor. WiUiam and John Sts., N. 1. 

Rare CciHfornia Viewg. 

Enclose stamp for catalogue. Sample of 
'views will be sent upon receipt of 35 cents. 

California Art Gallery, Sauta Rosa, Cal. 


Sets 4 Acadian Flycatcher - 2,5c 

'• 5 Am. Crow - - - - 10c 
•• 10 Prairie Hen - - - - .50c 
All sets t^rst-cUiss and accompanied by data. 
All orders amounting to less than 50c must be 
accompanied bv .5c extra for postage. JAMES 
HILL. Box 13.5. Edinburg Ills. 


Exotic Bntterflies and Moths 

In brilliant colors and of rare beauty, from India, 
Australia, Africa and South America for cash or 
hall cash and half in rare eggs or line bhd skins. 
Also fine cocoons trom other countries. Send 5c 
for catalogue. State what you want distinctly. 
AbsoluMy no attention paid to postal cards. Col- 
lections made up in cabinets lor museimis and 
colleges, containing all the classes of insects 
from every clime. We have the largest stock of 
Lepidoptera In New England and charge the low- 
est prices In the United Slates. 


Thousandsof customers in everv state will testify to the 
raality of VICK'S SEEDS. Ton 'the annoyed with infenoi 
roods. Vick's Floral Guide, the best issue ever print- 
■d, contains Kifl larpe paees, colored plates. Grand Novel- 
,ies, worthv of cultivation. Send 10 cents for copy, deduct 
:liis amount from first order and it costs nothing. CasD 
Di-izes *inno and ?'2nn. 


Carr's Natural History and Bird Stores. 

Taxidermy. Bird Skins and Eggs. Shells, 
Curios. Minerals. Fossils. Indian Kelics and 
Naturalists" Supplies :SiugiKg and Fancy Birds, 
Talking Parrots, Goldrish and Aquarium 
Stock. Send Stamp for Catalogues. Price lists 
and Publications. 

C. F. CARR. 
jetf Madison, Wis. 

Pub. of Wis. Naturalist, 50c per year. 


Vol VI £1. 

ALBION, N. Y., JULY, 189 L 

No. 7 

Some Florida Notes. 

Where is there a collector in the 
United States who has not a strong de- 
sire to visit Florida and add rare l)irds 
and eggs to his coUectionV For over a 
quarter of a century the writer has 
longed for a chance to go there and 
spend a few of the printer and spring 
months, and during the past season I 
was gratified in my great desire. It 
occured to me that some of the readers 
of the OOLOGIST would like to hear 
something of tliat land and of its crea- 
tures, and though I cannot occupy suffi- 
cient space in the valuable columns to 
give much of an idea of the country, i 
fan still offer a few suggestions and 
draw a few comparisons, which to the 
wise will certainlj' be M'orth consider- 
ing, and T may add a little advice to 
those who contemplate a trip thci-c. 

Bald Eagles breed in abundance in 
Florida, but a number of full-sized 
young, which T saw in late February, 
led me to think that the eggs were laid 
In December, accoriling to general re- 
port. Brown Pelicans and several 
species of Herons breed in immense 
colonies and the eggs raaj' be gathered 
till one is tired, however, the majority 
T)f species of birds use the same precau- 
tions to hide their nests that Ihey do at 
the north, and I often tliought were 
even more careful to conceal them. 
Kven with one's best endeavois, and 
one can collect every day from Febru- 
nry first till June, not nearly as large or 
varied series of bird's eggs can be taken 
as at the north in the same time. 

To 1)0 sure I am now past the impul- 
sive age of youth, still I have the sam«' 
boyish sjjirit that pressed me a score of 
Jl^ears ago. A new bird gives me as 
much pleasure now as then, and mj' in- 
terest does not appear lessened. And 

for these reasons I was all the more dis- 
ai)pointed,when only 67 specie.s of birds 
were recorded on my note l»ook in over 
three month's time, and of these birds 
02 were known to me in my native 
state of Michigan. 

It is needless to say that very little 
escaped my eye in any quarter I visited 
and I traveled over 1,000 miles in the 
state, and from the northern boundary 
to within three degrees of the ti'opics 
on the south, l)oth on the coast and in 
the . interior. When it is a common 
thing for me to note over seventy spec- 
ies of birds on a spring day in Michigaa 
and I have once recoriled 8S birds, the 
liU-gest numljcr recorded one day,* it is 
no wonder that disapi)ointment should 
result in this poor showing. 

Now it is not my intention to belittle 
Florida in the eyes of Collectors or 
other tourists, on the contrai'y it is a 
wonderful state in many respects, and 
as a winter resort cannot be beaten. 
All tliat I am anxious to impress upon 
my readoi's, many of whom have heai'd 
much of the south and are very desir- 
(Uis of visiting Florida, is that it is not 
the wonderful paradise of Collectors 
that it is claimed, and allow me to sug- 
gest to tile hundreds of oologists 
throughout tin; north, that there is just 
as much glory in working in youi* local 
l)aiints as in trying to cover ground far 
from home. 

The average lengtli of time wliich an 
egg collector is engaged in the work is 
four or ti\ r y(!ars, to be suit, a few last 
longer and a very few stick to it for a 
jx'riod when they may really, fairly be 
called oologists, l)nt these scientific col- 
lectors are nnf*<rtunatly quite scarce, 
the common ephemeral egg crank, who 

♦One day In M.ay 1879 we noted HS spt-cles be- 
tween the" hours of -1 a. m. and 7 p. ni. In Ottawa 
County, Mich. 



rarely gets higher. than the luwer stage 
of mediocrity, being in the vast major- 
ity. Yet all of these oologists and nu- 
merous collectors of eggs have a duty 
to perform and a work to do, which if 
properly followed will redound to their 
credit, as well as give pleasure to the 
students of the science. 

"Dear bought and far fetched" is an 
expression we hear frequently and is 
unfortunately applicable too often to 
collectors of birds, eggs and other cab- 
inets of natural history specimens. 

The sooner a lioy or man learns that 
his field of labor as well as pleasure lies 
all about him in the ornithological and 
oological line, the better, for attention 
and study given even to one of our com- 
mon birds is more to be commended 
than the purchase of a whole collection 
of [celandic or Australiao eggs. 

Now another Avord before I close. 
Don't forget the Oologist. Support it 
by your example, as well as with your 
cash subscriptions and field notes. 
Don't forget to pay when called upon 
for your dues. Neither should you 
complain if your articles are not accept- 
ed or pul)lished. Try again and you 
will improve and succeed. The little 
Oologist has done more than any 
other magazine in its line to elevate and 
promote oology and should be patron- 
ized by ever}' lad interested in natural 


The New Era in Ornithology. 

To those who have studied l)irds for a 
quarter of a centurj' or more, the aston- 
ishing development of interest in orni- 
thology on this Continent during the 
past century is most gratifying. 

It seems but yesterday when Wilson, 
Nuttall and Audubon were about the 
only authorities on the birds of this 
country. No paper, no pamphlet nor 
periodical of any kind came to bring us 

tidings, either new or old about the 


Literature on this subject was soexpen-. 

sive, so im available to the student of 

ordinary means, that he was compelled 

to do without the charming aid of book 

instruction and companionship. 

By and by the grand work of Baird, 
Brewer and Ridgway madeats appear -- 
ance, containing so much new matter 
that the aljoAe named w^orks seemed 
antiquated, but this work was also toa 
expensive for the common reader. 

But few of the lovers of birds could 
pay $50 for their reading matter. 
Meanwhile Samuel's work in a single, 
volume, made its welcome appearance^ 
Then that new departure of close analy- 
litic method, Coues' Key came tu 
hand, moderate enough in price, to be 
within the reach of most bird students. 
Still there was no single handy volume 
on the birds of Eastern North America^ 
with enough analysis to guide the com- 
mon reader, and affording pleasing bi-. 
ographies of enough species to make 
the book at the same time fine consecu- 
tive reading and an adequate reference* 
It is needless to enumerate the Avorka 
now before the public, on the habits of 
the different species of birds in our 
country, Avhile the number of periodic 
cals now greeting us on every hand, 
bear ample testimony to the aspiration 
of authors on this subject. A few years 
since one could almost count on his fin- 
gers the writers who were able to speak 
to the public on bird life, but now one 
is greeted by ncAv names all over the 
country of persons, who can tell ua 
something gratifying, often something^ 
new about our feathered friends. We 
hail with joy the rising brotherhood in 
our favorite science. A happy people 
indeed must the lovers of nature ever 
be. For them a jjure and peculiar well- 
spring of joy, gushes up here and there 
all over the land, a fountain sealed to 
all else of the multitude of mankind. 

But why do we not know each othe^'' 



better? Is not tlie time fully come, for 
^ grand fraternity of bird students all 
"over the continent? The American Or- 
bithologists' Union is excellent for the 
Savants in the science, hut we of the 
laity must stand in the outer porch of 
associate memcership, or stay out-doors 
lentirely, if we are too indigent ta raise 
^3.00 per year for the "Auk." 

Let us who are of the i)eople, aye, 
'even those who are in the "primer" of 
Ornitliology, strike hands and with a 
p;randeur of enthusiasm, that can stand 
iilike in the icy cold of winter and the 
burning heat of summer, talk with each 
\3ther continually along the various 
lines of eniiuii-y. 

Some of us here in Washington and 
vicinity have been trj-ing for several 
mouths to lay the foundations for such 
U fraternity. Sickness has hindered 
•some of us from doing our part to ])ush 
the work rapidly, and the undertaking 
being one that re(pnres thought and 
laet, we find ourselves obliged to move 
slowly. It will i)robably l)e .some 
"months hence, before we can decide up. 
•on the details of the membership. The 
most difficult part of the organization 
\vill be in respect to corresj)onding 
meml)ers — how to attract them with 
mutual advantage and how to secure 
Un active fellowship at a distance. In 
"Other words, what can we do for them, 
^and what can they do for us? Through 
■some chosen periodical we can give 
them the results of our researches; we 
■can them of the infoi'mation, 
which reaches the various institutions 
•at Washington, concerning the birds of 
North America or the world, aiul we 
can reply to correspondence, intjuiries, 
•etc. such as can be answei ed i)etter 
here, with our resources, than 

But no one can answer all these let- 
ters of inquiry, without a few stamps, 
<i little staticmery, and a contribution of 
valuai)le time, which his circumstances 
\iiiw not allow him to h>ose. Yet no 

one here wants to make any money out 
of ornithological students. In other 
words the most ditlicult i)oints are the 
choice of a i)eriodical which shall talk 
best to the largest number, and fixing 
of lines for corresponding meml)ershi]), 
such as they can conveniently pa.v and 
will at the same time enable tTie corre.s- 
ponding secretaries to give due atten- 
tion, to enquiries. 

Any suggestions from friends at a 
ilistance on these i)oints will hv most 

J. H. L.\N(;ii,LE. 
Kensington. Md. 

The Amusing Antics of a Pair of Brown 

A few years ago I had the pleasure of 
securing two young Thrushes for pets. 
I took the nest before they could fly, 
and placed it in a large wire cage. 
Where in a few hour's time, they would 
take the food from my hand as readily 
as from the beaks of tlic i)arent birds. 
They soon evinced a great fondness for 
their ca])tor, and would flutter against 
the wires of their prison when I Avould 
leave them, as though liegging to go 
with me. Sometimes I would take 
them oiit, when they would cuddle 
down in my hand to sleep, as content- 
ed as two kittens. When they became 
almost grown they seemed so tame, I 
concluded to turn them out and see if 
they would go away. Tliey never otT- 
ered to leave the trees and shrul)s near 
the house, until late in the fall, when 
they became very restless, and also a 
little shy. They would perch high on 
some tree top, uttering loud cries, as 
though trying to attract the attention 
of others. P^ach night they would re- 
turn to their cage to roost, but each 
day would go farther and farther from 
home, and seemed to loose all their 
cunning playful tricks. I became sus- 
l>icous that they weiv j)i-e])a]Mng to take 
their departure for a sunnier clime than 



that (Eastern Indiaua) and shut them 
iu their cage. They did not relish that 
a bit, and at first refused to eat, how- 
ever, they soon got over that, but would 
strike savagely at my hand whenever 
placed near them, and soon Ijegan 
fighting between themselves. I saw 
that wouUrnot do so I turned the most 
quarrelsome one out again, thinking I 
could drive it away. But it was qot 
going to be treated that way, and would 
persist in coming into the house at 

One night I thought I had succeeded 
in shutting it out, but next mctrning it 
crept out from under the treadle of the 
sewing machine and tiew onto the table 
to help himself to l^reakfast. The fol- 
lowing night I felt sure that I had him 
shut out, as I could not find him any 
place. Next morning he was nowhere 
to be found, and I concluded he was 
gone, but to my surprise, about eleven 
o'clock he crept out of a fold iu a win- 
dow curtain, where he had been con- 
cealed all night and morning, and 
perched on a chair back, with such a 
saucy triumphant air, as thougli to say 
"You might as well give up." I con- 
cluded then to let him stay, and turned 
the other one out again. They never 
attempted to go away after that. 

One of them reminded me of a mis- 
chievous stulxn-n child more than any 
thing I ever saw in the bird family. It 
would get into eveiythiug it could find 
in a pan or dish uncovered, and was es- 
pecially fond of getting into fiour. 
When punished for any of its mischiev- 
oits tricks it would get on a window 
sill or on the roof and pout for hours at 
a time. It could not be induced to 
either Avalk or fiy. If we would set it 
on its feet it would fall over as tliough 
perfectly helpless. I went into tlie kit- 
chen one day to find tliat "l)r()wuie" 
had been in a dish of Ijoiletl starcli, and 
a more comical i)icture of aljject misery 
would be hard to imagine, for the 
starch had partially dried, plastering 

every feather to its^body. Its inquisit- 
iveness proved -fatal at last and brought 
it to an untimely death in a water tank.. 
The other one was not so inquisitive, 
but his propensity for stealing and hid-, 
ing small articles was equal to any 
crow. Thimbles, buttons, matches, 
cai'^et tacks and all such things were, 
ahvays missing when needed. H& 
would get into the work basket, and 
everything siuall enough for him to lift 
woukl have to be thrown on^; on the- 

He took great delight in unwinding 
spools of thread by catching the threacj 
in his bill, and either fiyiug or running- 
as far as he could, then going b3,ck to 
the spool and taking a new sti\rt. If no. 
one happened to see him he would un- 
wind a whole spool without stop])iug, 
I had kept him four years, when a 
neighlior's cat sprang in at the open 
door one day and caught my little pet, 
I got the l)ird Imt it was dead, and the 
cat came to an end a few hours later. 
Mrs. Lillie Conlev Pleas. 
Clinton, Ark. 

The Ghewink in Orleans County. 
By jSTeil F. Posson, Medina, ]sr. Y. 

Thon> is an old proverl) to the effect 
that ■' an imlucky copper always hap-- 
pens around when it is not looked for,"' 
— or something like that. Well' — that'is. 
a \ery true saying, hs I know- all the 
readers of the "Oologlst" will agree, 
when they find who is the autlior ot" 
this article. 

The OoLoGisT lias not heard from me 
lately, — not oii account of any lack of 
iiilerest on my part, hut more on ac^ 
count of lack of time and ojiportunity \ 
l)ut moro chiefly (an«l if the truth wera 
told without reserve) the reason of my 
silence is purely because of my sym% 
))athy for the many readers of the littla 

Il)resuniel wouM'nt have "happene*! 



around" yet, if it hadn't been for niy 
reading in the June number on Page 
1'22, something al)out a nest of the Che- 
wink Ijeing found aboitt two miles 
south-west of Albion by K. B. Mathes. 

Now I believe it is the custom always, 
that whenevea anyone reports thh "first 
recorded set" of any species, that ♦ime- 
one else just "ha})pens around" and 
claims a ^j;'t;i'io?<.sM-ecord. I think that 
that has come to be the universal cus- 
tom. Now. I am not going to do that, 
Init I would just like to call the atten- 
tion of all interested to :i short note on 
page 168 of the August, 185)0 OoLOGi.ST 
which relates the taking of a nest of the 
Chewink near Medina. 

The note referre<l to was in the edi- 
torial column of tliat numl)er; and I 
quote it here. — "Just as we are going 
to press, a' 'small l)oy' comes into tlie 
office of 'ye A.ssociate Editor' ,and dis- 
plays an egg which he foiuid and gives 
a description of the bird and nest, and 
we are convinced that it is the Che- 
wiidv. This is valuable in that this is 
rather a northerly breeiling-place for 
this l)ird and this is the Jirf^t instance of 
its hrccfiiuf/ here, etc., etc." 

No\v I don't know as that set found 
in '90 was properly "recorded,'' it Ijeing 
found by no-one more signiiicant than 
a '•!,-malll>(>y" and neither parent birds 
taken. However, I would like to add 
in regard to that set of eggs, that it was 
a set oifour; that the egg brought me 
I)y the lioy, was an egg of the Chewink; 
and that his careful and accurate des- 
cription of nest and i)arent-1)ird were 
as good and perfect idiuitity as the 
most cautious could d(>.sire, even if the 
i)gff had not si)oken immistakeablly for 
itself. And so I hardly think that the 
nest ff)und near Albion by lyir. Mathes, 
can !)•• called the "frsl recorded ncsr 
found in our County, since th(; August, 
181)0 ()oL(JGl.ST, spoke of the al)ove 
found nest near Medina. No. I thiidv 
it is true in this (as in most other things) 
that Mulina has the start of Albion. 

Please do not understand me as 
claiming the honor of this achievement. 
I did not find the nest, nov is it any- 
thing to me, further than that I think 
that out of justice to science. May 24. 
1891 ought not to be considered as the 
earliest record of Pipilo's Inveding in 
our I'ounty. 

I regret that I am unalilc to give the 
date of the taking of the Medina nest, 
but it was quite late in the sea.son of '90. 

And now, as to just what the status 
oi Pipilo crythrophtknhnns in our county 
is, I think that it just reaches the limit 
of its northern migration V.vw. and 
that Orleans County is situated just in 
the northern suburbs of its luibitat, we 
being visited only hy a few of the most 
northerly migrating pairs. 

Mr. J. L. Davison, of Lockport, in 
his Annotated List of the Birds of Niag- 
ara County (Septeml)er, 1889) speaks 
of this binl in the following words, viz: 
"A rare summer resident. On INIay 1 
and 10, 1886, I saw and secured th.e first 
I had seen of this species, both females. 
On June 14, 1887, I sav/ a male and fe- 
male; did not succeed in finding a nest, 
Init concluded that they lireed here.'' 
(Niagara County I might add. adjoins 
Orleans County directly on the west, 
and as regards latitude! and oiher con- 
diti«)ns relative to the migration of t!i(> 
Chewink, it is just the same in aH par- 

In the List of tlie Birds of Buffalo 
and Vicinity l)y W. H. Bergtold, M. D., 
we find in regard to the Chewink: "Tol- 
erable common. Breeds:' But when 
we consider that this list of the Birds of 
Buffalo and Vicinity includes notes 
from a very larc/e vicinity, and that 
even such .southern counties as Cattar- 
augus and Chatau(pia are incliided in 
the wm-d "vicinity," we aic liot sur- 
' lirised to find J'ipilo rated as a trifie 
more common in that list. 

I ;im of the opinion that \\ e would 
not liave to go far south of our rounty 



to find the Towhee Bunting increasing 
appi'eciably in numbers. 

We are peculiarly located (as I take 
it) just on the north edge of the Che- 
wink's habitat. The bird arrives quite 
early. The first one I ever saw, was 
noted on the 7th. of April (1888) and I 
think that that is about the date of its 
arrival in these parts. 

The Yellow-billed and Black-billed Cuckoos. 

In this vicinity l)oth of the Cuckoos 
named above are quite common. The 
Black-billed, although considered the 
rarer through the country as a whole, 
is, I think the more common of the two 
here. It may be distinguished from the 
Yellow-billed by its different figure, 
being thicker and perhaps a trifle short- 
er bodied, and hy Its darker plumage 
Also, as its name signifies, by its dark 
colored bill. Its nesting place is ever- 
green bushes, such as cedar and hem- 
lock bushes but its favorite nesting- 
place is in pine shruljs where it buikls 
a loosely made nest of sticks lined with 
a few leaves. It lays from two to five 
eggs in this nest which is from four to 
six feet from the ground. 

The Yellow-billed Cuckoo is a trim- 
mer built bird than the Black-billed. 
Its bill is .velloy and curved downwards 
and the l)ird has light spots on the 
underside of its tail. Its favorite nest- 
ing place in this vicinity is in beech or 
hardback saplings from five to ten feet 
from the ground. Its nest resembles 
the Black-billed. The cry of the birds 
are much alike being something like 
"cow-coo cow-coo" se\-eral times re- 
peated varying to a clucking sound 
Avhen driven from the nest. Either 
bird will .stay on its nest till one is very 
near them. It is not uncommon to find 
an egg of either bird in the others' nest. 
The number of eggs of the Yellow-bill- 
ed are from two to four. 

W. E. AlKEX. 

BeiLson, Vt. 

Changes in Michigan Orintkology. 

In less than twenty years a great 
change has come over the fiora and 
fauna of the south-eastern portion of 
Michigan. Of course a similiar change 
has taken place in a large portion of 
the stitf^e, but I propose to notice more 
especially the changes in the ornithol- 
ogy of the south-east portion of the 
state, simply noticing the Ravens and 
Bald Eagles, once very abundant in 
most parts of the state, especially in 
the Upper Pennisula, are now local 
chiefly in the Upper Peninsula. la 
1885, the only Havens I found in nuni' 
bers were near Escanaba. Young Bald 
Eagles were not rare along the lake 
shore. By the way, the dift'erence in 
the appearance of the young and old 
Bald Eagles is so great that it is diffi- 
cult for one not not familiar with them 
to believe that they belonged to the 
same species, however, au Eagle is 
always a royal bird, and could not be 
mistaken for one of another race. 

It is decidedly interesting, when boat- 
ing on the great lakes, to round a cape 
and suddenly surprise a pair of these 
royal birds standing upon the beach, 
looking for fish cast up by the waves. 

Eagles are now rarely seen in south- 
east Michigan. Ravens have entirely 
disappeared. Crov.'s are as numerous 
and noisy as ever, so are Blue Jays, 
Robins, Blue-bird.*!', Bob-o-links, Balti- 
more Orioles, Cedar Wax-wings, Red- 
wing Black- birds, Cow-bn-ds, etc. 
While the Bronzed Grakles are still 
common, owls and hawks seem less 
al)uudant, .still the Great Horned Owl 
is by no means scarce, and the blood- 
curdling cry of the Screech Owl is still 
heard in some localities. Four or five 
other species are now rarely met with. 
Rufi'ed Grouse, Wrens, Indigo birds, 
Swallows, Martins, Snipes, Plovers, 
and most waders and swimmers, are 
less common than formerly. The Great 
Blue Heron, however, slill holds its 



X)WD, — ileridedly an interesting l)inl. 
Bitterns are also fairly common in 
Some localities. Loons make the 
hights about many inland lakes hideous 
"with their weird shrieks, during their 
■Spring migrations greatly to the disgust 
tjf early campers. One who has never 
experiencetl a nigiit in such localities, 
fan not imagine the horril)le noise a 
tlozea Loons can make. It is terrifying 
to one not acquainted with it. Coots 
are still numerous and decidedly bold, 
as they will swim about on the mill- 
ponds in cities or villages, as will also 
the beautiful little Dipper Duck. Gal- 
liuules and Rails are not yet extermi- 
nated, as I met both last year. 

But what has become of the millions 
t)f Passenger Pigeons that literally pass- 
fed over here in clouds twentj' years 
ftgo, when making their migrations 
from and to the south V Had any body 
predicted in those days that in a year 
lor two, those mighty flocks would cease 
t^> journey north and south, he would 
have been called a fool. Yet tliese 
hiigrations suddenly ceased. What 
\vas the cause? Where have the Pass- 
enger Pigeons gone? Where do they 
breed now? Have they become exter 
minated? If they still have breeding 
plact!s, where are they and what route 
tlo they take to reach them? Since 
1874, few Pigeons have been met with 
here. In 1871 or I87i they began to 
tlecrease, but tin! great migrations 
ceased suddenly three or four years 
later. I sometimes tind breeding places 
where three to ten pairs build their 
bests and rear their young. Unlike 
the Mourning Dove, so solitary in its 
liai)its, the Pa.ssi'iiger Pigeon prefers to 
have the company of its fellows, and 
single pairs are seldom found nesting 

Wild Turkeys, once very numerous 
hei'e, suddenly disappeared about the 
Banie time that the Pigeons did. Once 
they were met with in nearly everj' 
\voods, now tlicy have utterly dis- 

appeared, and 1 liave not heard of one 
siui'c tlu'ir sndilen disappearance. 
Wheie have they gone? Are thej' ex- 
tinct in Michigan r [While waiting for 
a train at Lawton, Van Buren Co. a 
year ago — an old sportsman, from the 
country told me he heard one call that 
morning and that they were not uncom- 
mon in his neighljorhood. — Ed.] Where 
are they abundant? 

When tiiey were alnmdaut, I often 
met with hyl)rids or cross-breeds be- 
tween the wild and domestic Turkejs, 
— hyl>rids. if the Mexican Turkey, the 
parent of most of our domestic Turkeys 
is a distinct species-, cross-breeds, if it 
is not. It is my o))inion that they are 
distinct species, for a critical compari- 
son of the two when pure T"e veals a 
great difference in general appearance. 
Still the Bronze Turkey is evidently a 
descendant of the northern wild Tur- 
key or a mixture with it, — if the latter, 
a possible example of a fertile hyl)rid. 
soiiiething not entirely unknown. 

A l-areful research will show that 
Pigeons and Wild Turkeys disappeared 
inuiiediately after the timber was re- 
moved from a large portion of Michi- 
gan by lumbermen and by the terrible 
lire of 1871; and without a doubt the 
removal of the forests caused the dis- 
appearance of the birds. 

Scarlet Tanagers and Rose-breasteti 
Grosbeaks, Wood Thrushes and per- 
haps the Wiut(?-breasted Nuthatch are 
on tlie increase. All these are now 
found in or near cities,- a decided 
change in the habits of the two first 
named. The Indigo Bird also some 
times enters ^illages. The Browu 
Thrasher is less abundant now. New 
species of birds have also appeared in 
this stat(^ Conspicous among these 
is the Black-throated Bunting— a wel- 
come addition, and the European 
House Sparrow — a nuisance. 

I have written this hoping that other 
observers may give us more light. 


Rochester, Mich. 




AMoNTHLY Magazine Devoted to 



CorresponrlPiice anfl Items of Interesr, to M\o 
Studf lit or lUias. their Nests and Kygs, solKi;eii 
Irom all. 


Single Snbsci-ipaori, - - soc per nrininn. 
SaiJiple Cupies. ----- ."■c e:icii. 
The above nites Include paxiiiciit of postage by us 

Send stamp for Preiiiluia f-lst. 
All subscrliittous must betrtn with either J.iri'i.u.) 
or July Issues. 
tw Remember tha' the publisher must be no 
titled by letter when ft sub-ciiber wishes liis pa- 
per stopped, and all arreaiyKfs must be paid. 

15 cts. per afrate line each inserriun. TJberal 
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advertisements, send copy for spnnal iv.'us. 

Remittances should be made by Draft. K.xpress 
or Post Olhce Aloney Oi'der. iiei^istered Letter or 
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denomination will lie acceiiiod lor sums under one 
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and address all subscilptiiuis and comiQunica- 

Albion, Orleans Co., jn. Y. 

•,• Articles, Items of Interest and Qufiies 
for pubhcation should be lorvraided as eaily Ir 
the month as possible 

My First Nighthawk's Nest. 

The 8tli of l:ist June, Avhil(> out Avalk- 
ing witli my lnothei- on a l;irg(i hill east 
of our rily. I found a Nighthawk's nest. 
It w;is a warm tlay and not having any- 
thing to do. (it being Sunday) I deter- 
mined to take a walk. So I went to the 
hill, named above. This hill is very 
rocky, and there are a few small pines 
and pojjlar growing there. 

While walking along, suddenly a 
large bird flew up directly in front of 
me, Avhieh I soon determined was a 
Nighthawk. It cii-clcd around f(H- 
some time, and then aliglited on a log 
fence near by. Thinking there might 
be a nest near w«^ went to work to try 
to discover it. Neither of us ever hav- 
ing seen or found a Nightliawk'^ nest, 
we did not know where to look. I had 

hardly taken more th.-in three steps for^ 
ward when I saw two eggs lying on the- 
ground. There was not the least sign, 
of a nest. The eggs were simply lying- 
on the hard bare ground. They were 
so much like the ground (which wa& 
greenish-black) that it was hard to dis^ 
tinguish them from it. 

1 was surprised to see the eggs ii\ 
so conspicufius a place. There was 
nothing in the least to conceal it. I 
probably should not hsive found it, but 
for the bird leaving it. Soon as I found 
the nest I went oti" and hid to see what, 
the bird would do. After Avaitiug for 
some time, the bird flew oft' from the 
fent.-e, and began circling around in the 
vicinity of the nest. This it kept up 
for about live minutes, when she settled 
down on her nest. While flying arounr^ 
she seemed to be trying to make out if 
her eggs were in their accustomed place, 
for sometimes she flew directly over it 
and within a few inches of it. 

Soon as slie had settled down on her 
nest we went away. The next daj^ I 
returned to see if any more eggte had 
ijeen deposited, but finding that none 
had I took f)ne of the eggs and left the 
other there, to see i what she would do. 
with one gone. 

The egg I found when 1 came to blow 
it, was slightly iiiculiatcd. For a day- 
or two I was detained from going to see 
how my bird was getting on, but when 
I did go I found that tlie nest had l)een 
deserted, and so I took the other egg. 
I now have a fine set of eggs of the 
Nighthawk in my collection. 

1 have often seen it asked wh(!ther a, 
bird could tell if any of her eggs were 
missing. I have come to the conclu- 
sion that they can. or else why should 
this bird have left her nest when I took 
an egg, but stay there when I did not 
take anyV I liave also noticed the same 
with other birds. 

U. N. Clakk, 
Sturgeon Bay, Wis.. 



The Wrens of North Carolina. 
J. \V. p. Smithwick, Sans Souci, N. C. 

Carolina Wren. {Tliryotliorus Indovi- 
ciamis). As its name implies it is tl\e 
Wren of Carolina, inhabiting the state 
from the wave beaten coast to t^he 
grandeur of the western mountains. 
There are perhaps more of this species 
in the state than all tlie rest, put to- 
gether, leaving out the little Winter 
Wren, (Truglodylef /lycnut/is). 

Karly sjjriug mornings al)<)Ut tlie tirst 
bird you hear is the 'Long-tailed Wren" 
[It is generally known by this name.] 
sitting on .some favorite limb or fence, 
warbling forth his unexcelled dhty to 
the rising sun and his mate that is just 
in that clump of briars near-there. He 
is a faithful husband and on no account 
will lie desert his mate. They are 
aflfection;»tc parents and 1 have often 
seen them following tine broods of 
young Wrens, trying as if it seemed to 
get them to do this way or that, which 
of course was resented by the young- 
sters if it did not exactly agree with 
their wishes. They are /rec and want 
to enjoy their freedom. VVlio blames 
them? 1 do not. 

The Carolina VV'ren is rather an early 
uester, and nestlniilding often com- 
mences in March, and any time from 
then until the middle of June. I know 
that they raise two l)roods in one sea- 
son, and am inclined to think tliat 
some pairs raise three Iiroods, as I have 
.seen three sets of young near the same 
place. Ill the sets that I have taken I 
find five the usual complement of eggs; 
variation, four to six, and in raie 
instances, seven. 

Bewick's Wren, [Tlirfjomancs bcivlcM), 
is a rare winter visitor, but perhaps 
oftener seen on or near the coast tlian 
in th«' western part of the state; 

House Wren, {Troylodijles aedon). — 

Rare transient. PossiI)ly may itreed. 

Winter Wren, (Troylodt/lcs hyanalis.) 

A common winter visitant in the east- 
ern and middle section, but Mr. John 
S. Cairns reports it as rare in Bun- 
comlie County. In this locality no 
other small bird is more seen (except 
the gregarious species) than the Winter 
Wren. Every pile of brush has its littlo 
occupant. They leave in March for 
their norllieru hones, and return iu 

Long-billed Marsh Wren, {Tehnatv- 
dijf.fs jxdusiris.) Tolerable common 

There is a legend - better a "saying" 
— among the people of this section, that 
one day a Hawk caught a Wren that was 
trespassing, and Avas going to eat him, 
when his pity was moved by the liard 
pleadings of the Wren. The Hawk 
desisted for a while, but after all let the 
Wren go upon his promising the Hawk 
that he would never be caught flying 
higher than the fences. To-day if you 
ask any of the people why a Wren 
keeps close to the ground, they will at 
once enter into half an hour's job to tell 
you that al)out the "Hawk and Wren." 

There is another such tale about the 
Buz/.-ard, giving the reason why their 
heads are bald. Perliaps I may give 
it to you later. 

What Causes the Quick Notes of the 
Whippoorwill? . 

Ill the Ooi.ocisT for Aug., 181)0, page 
105, the "Arkansaw Hoosier," writes 
among other things of the Whippoor- 
will, and says: 

"Ol'ten wlieii whistling tliey seem to 
net exciteii, or in a lir.rry, And ici)eal 
the words very rajjiiliy for a time." 

Tlie following incident was observed 
under my window. One evening, be- 
fore it was too dark to see, and wjiilo 
we were >itling <iuielly without any 
liglit in tiu- room,*i Whipiioorwill lit in 
the yard, some eight or ten feel from 
the Inmse and liegan his song. He had 
not sung long until another lit williin 



two or three feet of him. As the hist 
one was lighting, the singer rattled off 
his notes with great rapidity, and then 
ceased. Immediately swelling his 
feathers, he began walking aronnd the 
new comer, nttcring a low peculiar 
noise similar to that matle hj' a male 
tame jjigeon Avhen woing its mate. A 
slight noise made by me in endeavoring 
to get a better view of their actions, 
cavised both to take wing. Now how 
can we account for this action? 

Do the male Whippoorwills thus call 
the females to them, as do turkey gol)- 
blers? Or do they mate like Rol)ins and 
Blue Jays? 

Will the "Arkansaw Hoosier" or 
some other observer note if the song 
does not always cease after the quick 
notes; and is not this an evidence of the 
arrival of the female? 

Let us hear from otliei's on these 

J. C. Elliott, 
Swanwick, 111. 

A Better Report from Texas. 

While perusing the Feln'uary number 
of your publication I noticed an article 
from the Lone Star State by Mr. J. H. 
Strecker, Jr., of this city, which does 
Texas an injustice, and I hope that you 
will allow me the space in your very 
valuable monthlj^ to correct same and 
give Te.xas a better "send off" than Mr. 
Strecker, Jr., did. 

The gentleman's observations most 
certainly were not -sery close, as he 
names a very few of the feathered in- 
haltitants of this pai't of the country. 

Texas is a very rich ornithological 
Held and if his "niblets" will take a lit- 
tle stroll up the Brazos and Bosque 
rivers he will find something besides 
""Turkey Buzzards" and "Field Larks," 
for in my stroll I found in al)undance 
the Robin, Red Bird, Blue Biid, Bhick 
Bird, Jay Bird, Blue Finch, Si)arrow, 
Dove, Wren, Quail, Prairie Chicken, 

Kildeer, Snipe, Plover, Ducks of many 
varieties. Swallows, Crows, Geese, 
White and Blue Crane, Pelican, Hawks 
and Owls too numerous to mention. 
Buzzard, Carrion, Crow, Chajjptii'ells, 
Birds of Paratlise, \^'heat Bird, Snow 
Bird, Field Lark, Woodpecker, Red- 
head and other varieties, Martin, King 
fisher, Humming Bird, Rain Crow, 
Oriole, and the Mocking Bird. 

Not being an ornithologist am unable 
to give the scientific name of our ])irds, 
but their common names. 

Hoping to hear from other Texas cor- 
respondents, I remain yours, 

Very truly, Ed. N. McDonald, 

Waco, Texas. 

Items of Interest from Florida- 

Fla. Blue Jay; a common bird here, 
breed alnmdantly but the nests are 
hard to find as they .are ahvays well 
hidden in a bunch of moss. The most 
common nesting site is in tall pines 
al^out fifty feet fi"om the ground. It 
also nests in oak trees and orchards. 

Between April 18th and May 20th, 
'89, I took fifteen nests, all except one 
contained four fresh eggs. The color ig 
a greenish ground rather evenly dotted 
with bronish spots more numerous near 
the large end. The average size 1.12 x 

Fla. Screech Owl; a common bird, 
and a friend to man because it carries 
on a relentless warfare against roaches 
and vermin of all sorts. The 'Screech- 
er' begins nesting the last of March and 
I have taken full sets on the 29th of 
March, but fresh eggs maj' be found as 
late as the 15th of April. The deserted 
hole of the 'Flickei*' is its favorite nest- 
ing site, usually about ten feet from the 
ground, but I have taken them as high 
as fifty feet up. The full set is three 
pure white eggs, nearly round, the 
average .size is 1.30 x 1.13. 

Fla. Nighthawk: this is a rather smal- 
ler species than the northern bird, it 
nests in the month of May; have takeu 



fresh oggs :is early as the Tlh ami as 
late as the 3il of June. Two ofjcffs are 
laid on the bare sand, the grouml color 
is greyish white and the egg is so 
blotched with brownish black that it is 
sometimes diliicult to see the ground 
color; average size 1.15 x .90. 

Bald Eagle: this bird is common in 
this section and I have seen three or 
four at one time. The nest is built in 
tall bushy pines about lifty feet from 
the ground, is made of sticks and moss 
about five feet broad by four thick; the 
nest is tlat on top except a hollow in the 
middle just large enough for two white 
eggs, average size 2.75 x 2.20. 

Am. Sparrow Hawk: one of our com- 
monest birds, no piece of timber is com- 
plete without one or more pairs of this 
little hawk. In spite of all that is said 
against feathered friend it is a great in- 
sect destroyer and should be protected. 
Nesting begins early in April or latter 
part of March, as I have taken full sets 
of eggs as early as the 5th of April. 
The favorite nesting site is in old 'Flick- 
er' holes from fifteen to sixty feet fi'om 
the ground. Out of fifteen sets that I 
taken the last two seasons all exc(4)t 
one had four eggs each, the other had 
five. The color is white, speckled witli 
reddish brown, sometimes the ground 
color is entirely concealed; size 1.40 x 


Thonotosassa, Fla. 

The American Osprey. 
(Pandion halioetus.) 

Surely tlie most interesting of :ill pre- 
daceous birds is the beautiful American 
Osprey, or Fish Hawk, whose range is 
the whole of North America. As the 
Osprey- lives entirely upon fish, it is 
generally found along the sea-coast or 
along the banks of some large river or 
lake. When fishermen see the Osprey 
strike for a fish, they hasten to the spot 
and draw their nets for they will In- 
sure to have a good Jiaul. 

The Osprey breeds j'ear after year in 
the same spot, generally choosing the 
lop of some lofty tree as its building 
site. It lays two or three eggs— rarely 
four — of creamy tint and largely blotch- 
ed with reddish-brown colorings, which 
are generally collected around the larg- 
er end of the egg. 

Like the Eagles, the Osprey is mono- 
gamous, but if either of the pair dies 
the remaining bird soon finds another 
nuite to whom it is extremely affection- 
ate and loving. 

If the female bird looses a limb or 
disables itself in any way, its mate in- 
sists upon liis partner staying at home 
on the nest while he goes in search of 
food for his hungry family. The feet 
of the Osprey are unnaturally large in 
comparison with the size of the bird, 
but are just what are needed in catch- 
ing fish. 

The flight of the Osprey is extremely 
easy and elegant, which one would nat- 
urally expect, as its body is but twenty- 
two inches in length, while its bi'eadth 
of wing is nearly five feet and a half. 

The Osprey may be seen on a clear 
day sailing in wide undulating circles, 
as it hovers over the Avater intently 
watching for its prey. As soon as a 
fish comes in sight the Ospi-ej' shoots 
down like a meteor, ami dashing at the 
luckless fisli so as to raise a cloud of 
spray, he grasps it in his sti'ong claws 
and bears it away in triumph to his lov- 
ing mate, who has been watching all 
tlie while, perched on a linil) near her 

In commencing to de.scril)e how the 
Osi)rey is oftc'U robbed of its hard- 
earned food, I Iiope all who read this 
will pardon me for quoting just at this 
point from what has been written by 
an eye-witness. "The Bald Eagle, who 
is a .sort of omnipuesent predator wher- 
ever the primeval nature holds her own 
upon th(! continent, sometimes makes 
his ai)|)('arance suddenly on his wide- 
visiting wings amidst these solitudes, 



that seem rightly to the Fish-hawk 
alone. His hoarse bark startles the 
deep silence from afar, and every nat- 
ural sound is mute. ^Vheeling grandly 
amidst the dim blue cliffs, he subsides 
on slow and royal spread upon some 
blasted pine beside the lake-river, and 
with quick short screaming, announces 
to awed nature that its winged mpnarcli 
has come down to rest. The friendly 
Fish-hawks, in silent consternation, 
dart hither and you in vexed uncertain 
flight, and tiny songsters dive into the 
deep thickets, while the shadow of that 
dread sound passes over all. But now 
the kingly bird grows quiet, and with 
many a shift of feet and- restless lift of 
wing — while fierce far-darting eyes are 
taking in all the capabilities of his new 
perch — he sinks into an attitude of deep yellow-heated eye upturned, 
watching the evolutions of the startled 
Fish-hawks, whose movement, becom- 
ing less and less irregular as they Avheel 
to and fro, gradually subsides into the 
measured windings of their habitual 
flight in seeking prey, Avhile the buzz, 
the hum, the chirup, the chatter, and 
the carol creeji up once again, and na- 
ture becomes voiceful in her happy si- 

Then the Osprey, at last quieted, 
sweeps down from on high, and grasp- 
ing a fish in his claws he soars away ut- 
tering an exultant scream. Now is the 
time for the couchant tyrant, and ele- 
vating his war-crest and spreading his 
wings, the Bald Eagle leaps upward in 
pursuit. The Osprey becoming alarmed 
wheels upward with all the strength of 
Ins powerful wings, but as the Eagle 
ap])roaches nearer and nearer, the poor 
Fish-hawk loosing all hope of escape, 
uttex's one last despairing cry and drop- 
ping its would-be prey, sails away to 
seek its I'est upon the branches of some 
tall pine. But the Eagle poising for a 
second, as if to make more certain his 
aim, drops like a shot iipon the falling 
fish and clutching it just as it reaches 

the water, he soars away with boastful 
pride to a si)ot where he can either 
hoard or eat his stolen meal. 

Sometimes, however, the Ospreys 
congregate to defend their rights and 
then it generally goes hard with the 
overbearing tyrant. A gentleman who 
witnessed a scene of this kind, says of 
the Ospreys: "They seemed to have 
formed a sort of colony for mutual pro- 
tection, and the moment their foe, the 
Eagle, made his appearance among 
them, the cry of alarm was raised, and 
tlie vigilant colonists, hurrying from al 
quarters, attacked the robber without 
hesitation, and always succeeded in 
driving him away. 

Q'here was always a desperate battle 
first before the savage monarch could 
be I'outed, and I have seen them 
gathered about him in such numbers, 
whirling and tumbling amidst a chaos 
of floating feathers through the air, 
tliat it was impossible for a time to dis- 
tinguish which Avas the Eagle, imtil, 
having got enough of it against such 
fearful odds, he would fain turn tail, 
and with most undignified acceleration 
of fliglit would dart toward the covert 
of the heavy forest to hide his baft'led 
royalty, and shake off' his pertinacious 
foes amidst the boughs."* 

The general color of the Osprey is 
dark brown, but it is pleasing A'ariega- 
ted with various shades of black, gray 
and white, making it a truly elegant 
l)ird. The crown of the head and nape 
of the neck are covered with long gray- 
white feathers streaked with dark 
brown, while the under surface is Avhite, 
with the exception of a light brown 
band Avhich extends across the breast. 
The primaries are brown tipped with 
black, and the tail is barred above with 
a light and a deep brown, and below 
with brown and white. The legs, toes, 
and cere and blue, while the eyes ai'e of 
a golden j'ellow hue, and the beak and 
claws black. 

I cannot end without again mention- 



ing the .singular beauty of tlie Osprej-. 
\Vhei'ever it is, soaring aloft, covering 
its eggs or young, or perched on the 
top of some lofty tree, it is still the 
same handsome bird, and anj'one who 
has spent any time bj" the seashore or 
ou the banks of our large rivers, will 
al\va3's remember with a mixed feeling 
T)f admiration and pity, our most beau- 
tiful of predaceous biri^, the American 

Kdwakd Fuller. 
Norwich, Conn. 

Nesting of the Chestnut-backed Chickadee. 

The oggs of the (Chestnut-backed 
Chickadee, like the Pine Siskin and 
\V right's Flycatcher, (on which I have 
previously written) are quite rare. 

This bird is not distributed over so 
\iiuch territory as the other two species 
therefore their eggs must be of more 
Value to the collector, than either 
Spinus pinns or Ernj^idonax obiicurus. 
^Their value, however, is not given in 
"'The Oologist Checking List" of 18!)0.) 
On May 27, '89, I took a set of iive eggs, 
\t being my first set of this chickadee. 
It was situated in a snag, five feet up, 
the excavation being one foot deep. I 
also found a fresh set of seven eggs of 
Parus rufexcens on May 3d, this season. 

This.ncst was in an alder stump three 
feet from the ground, composed of 
uicss, hair, avooI and a few feathers, 
felted together. 

The eggs resumble those of the Com- 
mon Chickadee or the Oregon Chicka- 
tlee in a general way, but average 
larger in size and the markings are 
larger also, with an inclination to form 
a wreath near the larger end. 

There can be no mistake as to tiie 
identity, "for in the lirst instance the 
birds were observed carrying building 
material to the nest, and in the second, 
the female was caught; then, too, the 
Chestnut-backed and Oregon Chicka- 
flee's notes (as well as their plumage) 
tliflfer very much. I also observed an- 

otlier i)air digging in a tall snag ou 
April 17, '91, but upon visiting it again 
later on, found they had disappeared. 
Clyde L. Kellkk, 
Salem, Oregon. 

Owl's Tenacity of Life- 

I see in the January Oologist in an 
article by Mr. Joel A. Harrington of 
Hutte, Mont., that he wonders much at 
the great tenacity of life in a Great 
Horned Owl. 

Now the solution is sini])ly this: In 
all birds there, is a communication be- 
tween the lungs and the large bones, 
and the wing being l)roken when the 
strap was placed around his neck the 
bird obtained his supply of air through 
his broken wing. 

How Avise is Nature in her provisions 
for her creatures! 

A. V. Thompson, 

Decorah, la. 

A Book of 500 Pages. 

On treatment antl care of domestic 
animals, Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Dogs, 
Hogs and Foultry, s(>nt free to all wh 
mention The OoLOtusT. Address 
HuAii'HHEv's Vetekinauy Specifics, 
Ccn-. William and John Sts., N. Y 


FOR SALE.— auver Watch, Snare Drum, 
Microscope. Mau'ic Lanteni with slides. Uirds 
Eufis, Camera, etc. Write for particulars. 

Br PinOTI Ihave a few huuilred of the 
Dt Unol I most complete datas out left, 
whK-h I will .sell at wholesale. ir>c per UW post- 
paid. '-First come first served." DA\ ID A. 
YOUNG. Washiugton Heights, 111. 



SEASON OF 1891. 
1 have jUPt issued a little H)-\r.\\iii HandBook 
contaiiiiuK a detailed program of the Chautau- 
ciua Assembly, during July and August, and 
much other matter of interest, relatiiig to 
Chautaufiua. This litUe book Is distributed 
gratuiiir>uslv fr»)m my Chautauqua stores and 
should any "of my patrons desire a copy or 
more I will gladly mall them upon receipt of 
stam])s for mailing expenses. Single copies ac, 
additional copies Ic each. 

I'^aithfully yours, 
FRANK H. LATTIN. Albion, N. Y. 



FIE PRINTED ^:Sn-ithr."J: 

business and address, for 40c.. postpaid. 

Cards and Letter Heads at same price. 
100 each for only $1 . iS^Agents wanted Big- 
pay. Outfitf,c. A. M. EDDY, Albion, N./. 



An illustrated price-list of Electrotypes of 
Birds sent free. Just the thing to use on your 
letter heads, circulars, etc. Engraving to or- 
der. H. A. CARHART, Syi-acuse, N. Y. 




Of 1, 2, 3, or 4 lines with Pads and Ink 

ONLY 33c-rs. 

R. W. PORD, Bristol, Goiin. 


DaYie's Nests and Eggs 


Re-Written and Greatly Enlarged, with an 

Introduction byj. Parker Norris, and Full 

Page Illustrations of Nests, etc. by 

Theodore Jasper, A. M., M. D., 

and W. Otto Emerson. 


This work is descriptive of the Nests and Eggs 
of the Land and Water Birds of North Americ<\, 
which includes all the species known to exist— 
those that occur or are indigenous north of the 
Southern United States boundary, including 
Greenland and the peninsula of Lo\v'er Callforni-i. 

The breeding range of each species is given, 
the time of nesting, the exact number of eggs 
laid, their color and size together with the chief 
characteristics of the birds. 

The ai-rangeinent of the work is according to 
the new nomenclature of the A. O. U. Code ana 
Check List, and the old numbers (Ridgeways). 
fts used in former editions, are placed to the 
right of each species. Througliout the text all 
the common names of the btrd.s are to be found, 
and a completk analytical index of these 1b 

An Invaluable book as an aid for the Idenf/ifl- 
catlon of specimens to all those collecting la Oie 

The work consists of 475 pages and 13 full page 

Paper Edition, $1.25; Cloth, $i.75« 


solo Wholesale Agent. 
Orleans Co. Albion, N. y. 

We have just received from the 
bindery 50 copies of "Davie's" 
bound in flexible cloth covers. As 
long as they last we will send them 
to our patrons for $1.40 per copy. 

2^S Giants 

We Will Send the OOLOGIST 

on Trial from Now until 

January 1, 1892. 

And give you yaiir clioice of any of the fol-- 
lowiug desirable Premiums. 

1. Oologi-sts' Hand-book. 188.5. 

2. '-Insect Collecting"' a little hand-book tell-., 

ing all about it. 
X 10 Checking Lists. 
\. 18-100 Egg Drill. 
5. Brass Blowpipe. 
(5. Set of fiO Beautiful Bird Cards. 

7. la Wild Mexican Potatoes, if planted wii< 


8. 2 Resiirrection Plants. 

9. 100 var. Foreia:n Stamps. 

10. Choice Doubly Terminated Rock Crystal. 

11. Fine Chiastofite Crystal. 

13. Fine Staurolite Crystal. 

18. Choice Specimen of Opalized Wood. 

14. Fossil. Scaphites nodosus. from Black Hills, 
If). Fossil Sea Urchin, from Texas. 

1(1 Larcre PoljTp Coral or "Petrified Horn." 
17. Choice Spec, of '-Kid Conch" 

15. Sea Horse. 

19. King or Horse-foot Crab. 
;». A Beautiful Sea Fan. 

21. 2 Boxes of Pharaoh's Seri^ent Eggs. 

23. The Joker's Photo Camera— will produce a 

picture in 3 minutes, and make $.5.00 wortl^ 
of fan. 
3:5. Large Alligator Tooth. 

24. A 35c Assortment of Glass Eyes. 

25. 35 Assorted Fish Hooks. 

26. 4 '• '• Lines. 

37. Nickel-plated Embryo Hook. 

38. Egg of Sennetfs Thrasher. 

29. (For 10c additional) Set, with data, of 1 egg 

of Sooty Tern. 

.30. Collection of S Common Eggs. 

31. Egg of Shark.. 

33. Egg of Hanmierhead or Leopard Shark. 
.33. A Curious Ham Shell. Perna (^/fiipinum. 

34. Rare Philliiiine Is. Sea Urcliin. • 

35. Card good for a 25-word Exchange Notice 

in the Ooi,ogist. 
.36. Brazillian Vegetable Ivory Nut, carved. 
.37. An Extra Fine Arrowhead. 
.38. A Fine Piece of Polished Agate. 
.39. A Fair Trilobite, Valt/mene Niagraensis. 
40. A V-Nickel without the word "cents." 

^^^c will send the Ooi.ogist on trial 6 months 
and your choice of any one of the above 

For Only 25 Cents. 

Additional premiimis. 15c each ; 8 for $1.00; 18 
for !?3.i)0. or entire 40 for 4.CX). all prepaid. 

We had ought to be able to obtain over 1000 
new trial subscribers within the iicxt .30 days. 

Show the offer to your friends and induce 
them to send in their suuscriptions at once. 



Pub, of the OGLiOGIST, 




Low Prices and Good Wook 

We do all Job Printing in the latest- ami 

best styles, at bottom prices. 

Printed to order with neatness and dispatili. 

Data Blanks, Naturalists' Labels, Cards, 

Note HeadS: Envelopes, Tags, 

Price Lists &.C. 

Send lis a copy or write u.s what you want. 
and pet our prices before li:i\-int? order.s else- 
where. We will save you money. Address. 

W. A. CROOKS & CO., 


We have just purchased of the 

manufacturers at less than actual 

cost "f platintr. a lot of Kf>ld imd sil- 

gver plated charm rules, size and 

^graduations are as illustrated. We 

^ii have less than T.T all told and until 

igjAuK 1st (unless sold beforei we 

will mail them prepaid at the fol- 

3J lowing low rates : 

g Silver Plated l.=k- price rOc 
Gold ■• •-'(V ■• ■■ 7.')C 

Albion, N. Y- 


Natural Science Establistiinent. 

North /American 

And Foreign 


Eggs of the North and South African Ostrich. 
South American Ostrich, Emeu. Casso- 
wary, etc.. with other rare spe- 
cies frfim all parts of 
the Globe 


.EPIORNIS MAXIMUS (casti from Mada- 
ga.scar. (me of these eggs is t)i\ilni< inches long, 
will hold a gallons of water and is equal to Nm 
hens" eggs. Price ■f.'i.WJ. with mounting W.IH). 

Price of catalogue. lOc. 

Ward's Natural Science Establishment. 




I Photography i 




Any person sending 
us 15c I efi>re Aug. 15, 
ISiM. we will, in oruer to 
introduce our good s, 
send ])rei)aid the follow- 
ing artKhes, viz: 

Mexiciui Resurrection 
P I a n t. Instantaneous 
Photogniph C a ni era 
I will he sold seiKUately 
lor U)c.)'J ,laj)anese Nap- 
kins. I ,l:i))anese Envel- 
o])e, I Leaf from .lapan- 
ese Hook. 1 i)kg. Scrap 
Pictures. 10 varieties of 
Foreign Stamps. Cou- 
pon good for 25c on an 
order of if 1. 01) or over. 

'J'he entire package 
will be sent you by re- 
turn mail, prepaid for 
only 15c, address. 

FnCOTT ^ '<> Species. 3.5<- : -JO for 75c : .35 for %\ .50 
UoulilO. ."lO for »:^.00: 75 for »«.0(). 111. I„ist. 


Gaines. Orleans Co,, N. Y. 

WM. <3. SMITH, 

— <<>T,I.K<'1'()|1 Ol'"— 

"Bifd^, rv^ammal^ and £^^5, 


1 make a specialty of mailing l)irds same duy 
as skinned. <>r sent in the flesh after subjectlnij 
them to a ] r -servative prepar • tion. Enclose 
stamp for Price List. 


If you Want anything in the KUBBEK STAMP 
LINE, write to •FOKU," for prices. He will 
'urnish you a four-line stamp with pads and 
ilk for only .'Wc. post-paid. Address, 

R. W. FX)RU, 



mported Japanese k Indian Silk IVorm 

Eggs for Seed, in Silk Culture. 


'FRANK KINNE. Knoxville. Iowa. 

Different species, also the celebrated Madras 
Silk Cocoons, warranted to be raised success- 
fully in this country. Directions given how to 
raise them profitably. Prices Low. 





niipllcalis can bf PftiiriH'd. 


Catalogue for stamp. 


Vou press the button, 

we do the rest." 


^ Kodak 
PP^ith you. 


Send /or Caiaio^ue. 




Covtains a concise account of every species of living and fossil Bird at present 
known on the Continent north of the boundary line between Mexico and the United 
States, includivg Greenland. 

The Fourth Edition, exhibiting the New Nomenclature of the American Ornitholo- 
gists' Union, and including descriptions of adv^itional species, changes, 
etc., up to May i, 1800 

oENERAL ORNITHOLOGY.— An outline of the structure and classification of 

of Birds; and 
FIELD ORNITHOLOGY. — A manual of collecting, preparing and preserving 


By ELLIOTT COUES, M. A., M. D.. Ph. D.. Membev of the National 
Academy of Science, &c. • 


Tlie three former editions ot this Standard Text Book of Ornltbologj' being enl !i oly om of print, 
»nd still verv niucli In demand, the publishers have spared neither pains nor expense In the prepar- 
ation of 'TflE NEW KEY," in Which the whole subject Is carefully l.ioup^ht down to date. "Coues' 
Key" Is too well known as a leading and authorlflve treatise to require remark. The work contains 
over 9no pages and is fully Indexed with several thousand entries. 






Soldiers disabled since the war are entitled 

Dependent ^^^d(>^\ .s ;ind parents now depen- 
dent, whose sons died from effects of army sei- 
vice are included. If you wish yt)ur claim 
speedily and .succe.ssfuUy prosecuted, address. 


r.,;iti" ( omi ot Peii-iou.^. 


Washington. D. C, 



We priut everything ivoxa a Visiting Card to 
a Dictionary, at as low prices as consistent with 
good work. Job Printing. t5tereotypiug and 
Binding. Send for new price list, or estimate. 
Address. A. M . EDDY, Albion, N. Y. 

WJ W. TESCH. Lexington, Neb. Prairie 
T T , Dogs for sale or exchange ; $2.5() a pair. 
Can furnish any animal west of Mississippi. 
Send list r-: exclianges. 





50c. per Year. 



ALBION, N. Y., AUG., 1891. 

No. 8 

Exchanges and Wants. 

Brief special announcements, "Wants," "Ex- 
changes" inserted in this department for iJ5c 
per '£> words. Notices over '£> words, charged 
at the rate of oue-half cent per word. No 
notice Inserted for less than 25c. Notices 
which are merclj' indirect methods of soliciting 
cosh purchxserd cannot be admitted to these 
columns imdcr anj' drcumsUoices. • Terms, with order. 

HAVE you read Lattin's "Exchange Extra- 
ordinary" in this OoiiOGiSTT 

HAVE YOU NOTICED new list of common 
vpgs wanted and desirable e^g?s offered in Lat- 
t n's "Exchange Extraordinary" in this Oolo- 


TO EXCHANGE.— EpKS in orifrinal sets 
with data: for others in sets with dnta. Send 
list and receive mine. G. L. iX)X, New Shar- 
on. Iowa, 

TO EXCHANGE. — »1.1M worth of Birds' 
E:rirs: for $1.10 worth of old XJ. S. or Foreign 
Siiiiiijis. Also Magazines to exchange for 
Htai.iivs. Send lists- CHARLIE E. MATT- 
HEWS. 1.S7 nui-lcingham St. Newark. Ohio. 

SETS of American Fish Hawk, Screech Owl 
md Ked-shoiildered Hawk, to exchange for 
its. Corre.spondence solicited from ivctive 

-Hectors. W. QUINBV WILSON. Whijipanv. 
•Morris Co., N. J. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Forty varieties of Eggs in 
sets, including Hawks. Owls, Herons. Gali- 
imles.Prarie Honl^'d T.,:irks. Short-billed Marsh 
Wrens, etc. E. W. DURPEE, 193 Jefferson 
ave.. Grand Rapids. Mich. 

CTO EXCHANGE.-The *l.r>0 Taxidermists' 
Outfit for iK'st offer in Eggs. Bof)ks, Climbing 
Irons, or first-clas.s Harvard Camera outfit be- 
fore Aug -JO. CARL HILLIARD, Saxtons 
River. Vt. 

TO EXCHANGE. — Cojiipound Microscope, 
nagnilies *J0O times. Jn leather rase, worth 

.00 for best offer. ROY WALLACE, Wlmif- 
.igoCity, Minn. 

WII.NT am I offered for a pair of .Skates No. 
1" an liiiian Knife Sheath and some live Gopli- 

• r^. \'r.v line specimens for mimntlng. A. H. 

• KANDALL, Worthlngton, Minn. 

HOLD ON THERE ! Do you want any Fos- 
Is. Pet Moss. Herkimer Co. Quartz Crystals 
\rrow Points? If so .send me vour lists of 
^uimi)s. Fossils. Mineriils, Sea Curios, etc. I 
will send my goods J) HERBERT E 
BROCK, Mason City Iowa. 

HAVE you read Lattln's "Exchange Extra- 
ordmary'* in this Oologist? 

TO EXCHANGE. - First-class sets of this 
locality, for Hrs^class sets of other localities. 
Send lists to WILLIAM I. COMSTOCK, P. O 
Box 3ra, Norwalk. C(mn. 

TO EXCHAN(JE.— minting Knife with Deer- 
font handle and Magic Lantern with views, al' 
worth .f 1.50: for best offer. C. G. SARGENT 
Winnebago City. Minn. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Fossil, Coral.Selenite xls, 
Actinolite. etc. Also a Chicago Air Rifle, and 
Scott's International Stamp Album, to ex- 
change for first-class .Sets and Singles. J. C. 
STEVENS, Knoxville, Iowa. 

TO EXCHANGE.-One doz. folding tin Snipe 
decoys, also Indian Relics; for first-class Eggs 
in original sets with data. Wm. H. FISHER, 
14 W. North Ave., Baltimore, Md. 

A LARGE list of desirable Eggs to exchange. 
Send for list. Also some personal property 
to exchange. LET30N BALLIET.DesMolnes, 

WANTED.— No. iSO^. will exchange Vol. 
Youth's Companion. No. 4;itiii, will exchange 
Vol. Yankee 131ade. Postpaid. Eggs first-class 
with data. J. S. GRIFFING, Cutchogue. N. 

— J 

A LARGE list of things to exchange for Eggs 
Send for list Also $.5.fX) in cash for best offer in 
eggs. GEO. A. LETSON. Hastings. Neb. 

WANTED.— To exchange flrst-class. care" 
fully identified sets: for like sets. Reliable 
collectors send lists and receive mine. FRANK 
CRAIG, 622. 2::id St. San Francisco, Cal. 

TO EXCHANGP'-,— Anumber of sets of the 
following: :i8H, fSl 4.V.>. 467. im. .529. ."ilO. Mi. 619, 
ti.".ii, 7r>«:for other first-class sets with data. F. 
S. WHITNEY. Tiiftsville, Vt 

I WISH to exchange first-class eggs in sets 
and singles for same, not in mv collection, W. 
G. PETTUS. Jr., Georgel<5wn, Tex. 

COLLECTORS.-I have desirable western 
eggs with data, to exchange for U. S. Stamps. 
Send and receive mine. No stamps worth 
li?.s than 25c wanted. Of W. BRIGGS, Paw 
Paw, 111. 

TO EXCHANGE. -Smith & We.s80U Revol- 
ver, double action, centre fire. .32 cal. Cost $12.- 
rn). Will exchange for best offer In Birds' Eggs 
in full sets with complete daUu Have alsij 
some eggs to exchange. All letters answered. 
W. A. OLDFIELD, I^ort Sanilac, Mich. 



HAVE you read Lattin's -Exchange Extra- 
ordinary" in this OOLOGIST? 

HAVE YOU NOTICED new list of common 
eRgs wanted and desirable eggs offered in Lat- 
tln's -Exchange Extraordinary" in this Oolo- 
GIST? _^ 

TO EXCHANGE.— Several second-class, side 
blown eggs of Am. Bittern, also sets of 221, 6 
and 77; for others. Make offers. JOHN V. 
OROXE, Marathon. Iowa. 

TO EXCHANGE.— The Ulster Co. Gazette, 
Jan 4, 18fX). containing a full account of Wash- 
Inetoa's burial; for common Sea Birds' Eggs, 
singles, or Davie's Key. W. R. HAZLET, Vine- 
la ni^N^J^^ 

TO EXCHANGE.— For best offer of common 
egg.<< One 30 gauge New Hopkins & Allen col- 
lecting gun, with full set of loading tools and 
10) sheUs. Valued complete $13.00. Also one 
38 Cal. X L collecting enin 24 in. bbl. good shoot- 
er, no tools or shells, $7..50. Both of these guns 
are new. breech loaders and perfect in every 
way. CHAS. K. REED, 252 Main St., Worces- 
ter, Mass. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Birds' Eggs, Natural His- 
tory Specimens, Natural History Books, two 
Books of the Indian Galleiy, Vols. 1 and 2 and 
others. Air Pump, Electric Machine Battery 
Works, etc.: for Birds' Eggs and Curiosites. 

TO EXCHANGE. — A five-line self-inking 
Type Holder with two 5a fonts of solid rubber 
tjT)e in perfect order, value $5.00; for best offer. 
A collection of stamps, value $-i-2.00 : for best of- 
fer A World Tj'pe^N'riter in good coudition ; for 
best offer. Cards not answered. ERNEST E. 
LEE. Covington, Ga. 

LOOK! I wish to exchange a pair of fine 
Peafowls for best $10.00 offer In Collectors' line. 
(Birds' Eggs. Nests, or Indian Relics prefered. 
Pair of Brown Leghorns for best $.3.00 offer. 
"American Standard of Excellence," for; best 
offer. Correspondence solclited. R. D. KEN- 
SEY. Tamaroa, 111. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— I have many choice and 
desirable Bird Skins from all sections which I 
would be glad to exchange with other collectors. 
Also eggs. Send lists. P. T. PEMBER, Gran- 
ville. N. Y. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— A new Scroll Saw and 
Lathe combined ($10.00), and some miscellane- 
ous books and papers, for good Violin, Tele- 
scope, Ornithological, Natural Hi.story, or Scien- 
tittc works. Coiies' Key wanted. All letters 
answered. W. W. SHELLEY, Hesston, Har- 
vey Co., Kas. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A Great Horned Owl. per- 
fectlv tame, for best offer in cash, curio, or good 
recent works on photography. ELBERT L. 
POTTER, La Motte, Towa. 

WANTED.— Shot-gim. rifle, revolver, bicycle, 
set of boxing gloves, and fencing foils, catcher's 
gloves, mask and breast plate. I will give 
many rare sets for each or all of the above arti- 
cles. WALTER BRADFORD, Mayfleld. Ky. 

Auklet, Tufted Puffin, Russeti -backed Thi-ush 
and many others; also many singles, to ex- 
change for other sets. Send lists. FRED A. 
SCHNEIDER, College Park, Cala. 

CALIFORNIA EGGS.— In sets with complete 
data, and singles to exchange for other sets 
with data. All eggs must be Ist-class. HARRY 
R. PAINTON, College Park. Calif. 

NOTICE !— For every first-class set of eggs 
worth 25 cents or more, or for every set of any 
kind containing one or more Cowbird's eggs, 
with full data sent me, I will send complete di- 
rections "How to Mount and Embalm Birds 
without skinning," very easy learned. Send all 
letters and packages to THOS. A. SMITH WICK, 
Walke, Bertie County, North Carolina. 

Wanted.— Arrow Points and Birds' Eggs in 
sets and singles with data. Have in exchange 
Fossil Shells from the famous clay banks near 
this city. I have is varieties and the exchange 
price is only 3c each. W. R. BIRD, Lock Box 
.507, Mason City, Iowa. 

ACOLLE"TION of N. C. Birds' Eggs, ex- 
change for best offer 159 eggs. &i species, can 
furnish data in sets and singles L. BAILEY, 
.513 N. Blount St., Raleigh. N. C. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Southern eggs, singles 
and sets ; for northern sets, send list and re- 
ceive mine. For 7.5c worth of Birds' Eggs I 
will seud prepaid directions for curing birds in 
skin, and receipe for making curing chemical, 
with sample. R. G. GADSDEN. 199 Whitaker 
St., Savannah, Georgia. 

FIFTY second-class Birds' Eggs, 25 varieties . 
for hand book of the Agassiz Association in 
good order. Eggs would amount to $1.50 if 
first-class. MICHAEL FIZGERALD, Barry- 
town. N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Two copies Davies' "Nests 
and Eggs" paper cover, one new and one 
slightly worn, also pair climbing irons, will ex- 
change" for Water Bird's Eggs in sets or singles 
sets preferred. H. HALL, Box 37, Riverside, 

WANTED— A 22 or 32 cal. repeating rifle. 
Winchester or Colts preferred, ^vill give in ex- 
change for same, a number of valuable articles 
and cash if necessary. GEORGE H. PEPPER, 
Tottenville, S. I .N. Y. 

FOR EXCH ANG E— in singles, sets or pairs 
A. O. tr. numbers: .59. 214. 285 Europe. 301 Eur- 
ope, 311. 316 and others, send lists- want singles. 
NELSON A. CANNON. Lakewood. Cuyahoga 
Co., O. 

HAVE few fine sets Foreign eggs full data to 
exchange for American Sets Ridgeway's Nos. 
152. 1(51. 164. 198. 325 and many others wanted. 
C. W. CRANDALL, Woodside, Queens Co., N. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A rare collection of 60 first 
class Birds' Eggs, all different.such as the Am. 
Flamingo, Kestrel. Hawk, Sora Rail. Virginia 
Rail, White-bellied and Brovm-headed Nut- 
hatches, Prothonotary Warbler and others for 
first-class sets with full data. GORDON GRAY. 
Niles, Mich. 

WANTED. — Young male Mocking Bird, In 
exchange for Eggs. Skins or Instruments. 
Send for description and get my list. J. A. 
BLACK, 1909 Cass St., Omaha, Neb 

TO EXCHANGE.- Birds' Eggs. 
in sets or singles; for Bicycle, Typewriter. 
Printing Press, or Printing Material. Fire- 
arms, or offers. Give accurate description,cost 
condition, etc. Write and make offers. EL- 
MER J. GILLETT, Barre Centre, Orleans Co.. 




HAVE YOU NOTICED uew list of common 
f gg.s Avauteil and desirable eggs offered iu Lat- 
tiu"s ■•Exchange Extraordinary" iu this Oolo- 


DR. A. G. PRILL, late of Sweet Home, Ore- 
gon, has changed his address to Springville. 
Erie Co., N. Y. - 


TO EXCHANGE.— The following California 
eggs for others not in my collection. I shall 
send out none but tlrst-elass sets, small, clean- 
cut holes, thoroughly cleansed, with unques- 
tionable data. Will require same iu exchange. 
Advantageous exch.anges will be given. A. O. 
U. :^TS l-H 1-9, .j;i) 15--i. 431 \S-2. 447 l-.T 1-3, 4.5S 1-4 1- 
3, 46-.i a-3, 4()t; 3--.i .->-3 4-4, .tOS 2-.'?, .519c 3-3 2-4 4-5, 530 
4-3 8-4 3-5, .5,31 1-3 1 -.5, .5.52a 2-2 .5-3 6-4, .581c 9-3 10-4. 
501b 2-2 10-3 9-4, .596 2-2 4-3, 599 6-3 .5-4, 620 2-2, 622b 
3-4, 627 2-2, 629a 1-3. KBa 1-2 2-3 1-4. 683a 3-2 7-3 ."-1. 
703 2-4, 721a 2-6 M 1-3, 74.3a 2-6, 758 2-4 1-2. Also 
Singles of above and of 123b, 221. 273. M. S. 
SAINES, Box 11&5, Station C, Los Angeles, 

WW. TESCH. Lexington, Neb. Prairie 
• Dogs for sale or exchange ; $2..50 a pair. 
<^an furni.-h any animal west of Mississippi. 
Send list of exchanges. 





».. „.,^ ™ ., The only successful remedy for 

Nervous Debility, Vital Weakness, 

and Prostration, from over- work or other causes. 
91 per vial, or 5 vials and large viol powder, for ?5, 
Sold by Dhugglsts, or sent pogtpairt on receipt 

Oor. WiUiam and John Sts., N. "i. 

In use 30 J>a 


The following Shells and miscellaneous arti- 
cles are included in our Exchange Extraordin- 
ary offer. 

AH Extra Fine Bright Specimens. 

Tellina radiata 8 .10 

Cypra^a helvola id 

Isabella 20 

talpa 50 

moneta 15 

Mei-cenaria laiterl _ .15 

Pui-pura patula 15 

Murox pudoricolor 1.1 

Oliva fusiformis 15 

'• litterata 15 

" ispidula 15 

•• iuHata ! 10 

Fissurella barbadensis 15 

Strophia glans ♦ 10 

Dentallum entalis _ .05 

Stronibus ijituberculata 35 

Perua epliippium 25 

Apporhais pes-pelicani ,10 

Nerita peleronta 10 

Pterocera lambis 50 

Voluta vespertilio 85 

Ovula ovifoiTuis 35 

Turbo samaticus 60 

Nauiua hepat'ca „ .50 

Helix zebuensis 50 

Buliinus daphnls 75 

Nautilus pompiliiis 8.00 

Murex ramosus .75 

brandaris 25 

Fasciolaria tulipa 25 

Mitra episcopalis ."50 

Conus miles 150 

Virgo 50 

'■ capitaneus.. 35 

Strombus leutigi nosus .25 

Cypraea Arabica 35 

asellus 20 

" erosa 80 

lynx 80 

Orulum gibbosum 20 

Cassis rufa 75 

Vermetiis lurabricalis 15 

Potaniides. Phillijiines 25 

Hippopus niaculata 75 

Chaiua arcinella 35 

!=!« TO O'^ EUOLxIU ^'VVE.. OLwEVELwAKD, O. 


§choo] of Penmanship and §hori:-]-[cind, 


Over l..**X) students were enrolled last year. Branch Colleges In BulTalo, N. Y., and Detroit, 
Mich. Schf)larshii).s good in any of the Caton chain of colleges. An employment bureau In con- 
nection. Over 7(K) students ])l.u:e(l in good posiUf)ns during the past year. Commercial Law 
taught by IcadiTig members of the bar: Penmanship taught by the champion penm:iu of the 
world; Book-Uecphig taught by expert accoiintants and authors; Husiuess Arithmetic taught 
by expert lightning calculaLors: Detection of counterfeit money tatight by expert Forger.y De- 
tectives; Short-H and tauuht by Court Keport«'rs; Type-writing taught bj one of the world's 
most rapid operators ; Mechaiilcal and Architectural Drawing tiiught by High School Princi- 
pals and University Graduates. 

Everything strictly first-class. Special low rates during summer month.s. Send for circu- 
lars, and all connnunications to 


CAPITAL STOCK $100,000. M. J. CATON, President. 







I want at once the following first-class eggs, either in singles or in sets, in exchange at 1890. 
prices, or if in sets, with data. I will allow 10 per cent, above these prices, in exchange for the 
ai'ticies mentioned below. Eggs taken in large or small quantities. No exchange amounting to, 
less than $1.00 can be -bothered \\'ith" unless 10 cents additional is enclosed for return postage, 
and packing. If you have any of the rarer species to offer send lists. Species wanted, Ridg- 

" ^^1 " 7 iV 22 26. 27, 41. 42. 47. 51. 56. 63. 67. t3. 115, 123. ia5. 149a. 151. \fA. any of the rarer Warblers, 
157. I'es' 170, 'l97, 198, 198a, 204, 2(Ma,211, 214, 217, 231. 242. 248. 251. 2,54, 2,57, 2,58, 277, 278, 378b, 282, 289." 

763a. Eggs of Warblers. Owls and Hawks, listing at over SL.tO not included in wants. 

We will accept any species not mentioned above at one-half 1890 prices. 

In return for the above, I will give any of the following articles, specimens or supplies at the- 
price s ciuoted. 


Imperfect Blowpipe 10 

No. 1. 8-100 Egg Drill 08 

•' 2, 12-100 ■• " 12 

" 3. 15-100 " '• - •}2 

•• 4. 18-100 •' " 18 

" 5.21-100 " " - -fJ 

Nickel - plated 41/2 in. Embryo Hook 30 

Oologisfs Hand-book. 18&5 la 

Hand-book on Insect Collecting 15 

17 Back Numbers Oologist 7o 

OOLOGIST (no prem.) from date to Jan, '91 .50 
for one year l.CK) 



Card for one Ex. Notice in the Oologist 
A few Incomplete Copies of MajTiard's 
'Birds of Eastern North America." newly 
bound in boards and leather, (Publisher's 

cash price $18.00) 15.00 


Club-spined Urchin, very fine % -55 

Egg Case of Periwinkle - -"5 

Luckv Tooth of Codfish 20 

Starfish. Martha's Vineyard, fine - .2.t 

Pod of Sabre Bean, very curious 3r> 

Rajah or Beetle Nut - -Ip 

Brown-banded Sea Bean 10 

Red Sea Bean 03 

Grav Sea Bean 03 

Trilbbite (Calymene Niagraensis) 25 

Scaphites.from Bl'ck Hills,choice,desiruble .30 

Resurrection Plant 15 

Barnacle. Pacific, choice double specimens .25 

Polished Agate, pendant 25 

Indian Pottery, tine specimen 25 

Sea Fan. 6 in., extra fine 35 

Alligator Tooth, fine 25 

100 Foreiii^n Stamps, all different 30 

Flat Sea Urchin Zebu Channel, Phillipines .25 

Sea Horse, very tine - ,50 

Fossil Polyp Coral .25 

Fossil Sea Urchin 25 

Egg of Skate 12 

•• •' Shark 25 

" " Hammerhead or Leopard Shark 25 

King or Horse-foot Crab 35 


Little Brown Jug $ .05 

Collectors" Puzzle Whistle 10 

Bird Warbler 10 

Catapult Gun. iron frame 35 

Box Pharaoh's Serpent Eggs 10 

25 Assorted Fish Hooks 20 

Joker's Photo. Camera 25 

•O. K." Parer and Slicer 25 

Fountain Pen 35 

Students' Outfit (Pen. Penholder, Lead and 
Slate Pencils, and 6-in. Rule) 15 


Texan Cardinal 50 

Dwarf Cowhird 25 

Limpkin, extra fine, 2nd-class 1.00 

Noddy Tern, set of one, with data 75 

Booty 40 

American Scoter 2,.tO^ 

Sennefs Thrasher (13a) 25. 

White-winged Dove - .40 

■• 14, with data 1.00. 

Arkansas Goldfinch 20< 

Mountain Plover 2.0O 

Canvas-hack _ 2.00 

Burrowing Owl 30 

Red-shouldered Hawk 60 

Brown-headed Nuthatch 50" 

American Bitern 2.0O 

American Osprey l.OO 

Set H 3.50 

Summer Tanager 25, 

Mexican Ground Dove, (fine 2ds) _ l.OO 

Lousiana 75 

Yellow-throated Vireo 40. 

Florida Screech Owl l.OO. 

California Screech Owl l.OO 

Costa's Hummingbird 1.50 

Hummingbird Nests 5Qi 

" ■' on sticks _ l.OO 


Bul-bul. from Phillipines (tine 2d class) $ ..50 

Black-headed Weaverfinch (fine 3d-class)... .25 

European Blackbird 1.5 

SongThi-ush 15 

Ruddy Sheldrake, sets 7 to 10, per egg 60. 

■• " •■ Singles .50 

Med. Black-headed Gull, sets V4 % per egg. .45 

•• Singles 35 

Barbary Partridge, sets 8 to 14 per egg 35 

•■ ' ■' Singles 25 

Whinchat 15, 

Python from Celoyn. large and curious 3.0O 

Egyp_tian Vulture _ 5.0O 

^S*~Continued on another page. 

If you desire to obtain anything on the above. 
list in exchange, send on yoiu- eggs at once. If 
you have no eggs, but have other desirable, 
specimens in quantity, write what you have, 
with price: or will exchange for collections of 
fine Postage Stamps or second-hand Books on, 
Natural History, or choice Indian Relics, 

Only first-class Specimens accepted at any- 
price,' all others returned at sender's expense. 

We will receive hundreds of packages in an- 
swer to this exchange and if you do not write, 
your name plainly on the outside of the pack-- 
ages you send, your exchange will be delayed 
and packages possiblv lost. 

This offer will hold good:imtil Sept. 15th only. 

Send on your specimens at once in large or 
small ciuantities. it makes no difference to uS; 
whether you send f 1.00 or f 100.00 worth, but if 
less than $1.(X) woi'th. 10 cents extra n^ust be en-, 
closed for return postage and packing. 

Large quantities shipped by express or 
fi'eight. must be prejHnd. Addi'ess, 


-AIaBIOK. n. y. 



ALBION, N. Y., AUG., 189L 

No. 8 

The Story of a Flood. 
By FuUca americana. 

June 12, 1891, was almost as beauti- 
ful as any meuil)ei' of the avian or any 
other order could wish for. I was sit- 
ting on my nest of rushes over water 
near the edged of one of the numerous 
sloughs of Northeastern Buena Vista 
Co., Iowa. My eggs were well advanc- 
ed in incubation and I was expecting to 
soon have a dozen little Coots to pro- 
vide for. 

All around was peaceful. No sense 
of impending calamity depressed our 
spix'its. In the different slough around 
me the Black Terns were gathering in- 
sects or incubating their eggs, which 
were laid on bogs, small piles of rushes 
01' even on nests deserted by some of 
my own species ov Podilymbus podicejis. 

Many nests of the Yellow-headed 
Blackbird, containing eggs and young, 
were situated in the sound green rushes 
among which my nest was placed. 
Near the shore ^^ ere those of the Red- 
winged Blackbird nearly all containing 
young. Numerous nests of the Long- 
billed Marsh Wi'en, some of them con- 
taining newly laid eggs were there also. 

The nest of the Pied-billed Grebe 
which looked like the bottom of an 
overturned wash basin, was floating 
near mine. It contained half-a-dozen 
eggs, nicely covered with the material 
of which the nest was composed, viz.: 
mud and decaying vegetation. A 
little way out from this an Am. Bittern 
was setting on her nest of inishes, guard- 
ing her precious, drab-colored eggs. 

The Wilson's Phalaropes were incu- 
bating their eggs on the low ground 
near the water's edge. All feathered 
creatures were intent on the propaga- 
tion of the species. As for the human 
race, they wei-e all busily engaged in 

cultivating corn so as to have it ready 
for the Blackbirds to feast on just be- 
fore going south in the autumn. 

A long toward evening it became 
somewhat dark in the west. A small 
shower in the southeast seemed to be 
going all around us. This came nearer 
and it began to 8i>rinkle. The farmers . 
sought the shelters of their houses and 
the birds cuddled moi-e closely over 
their eggs and young. We were getting 
a fresh water bath for nothing and did 
not trouble ourselves about it. 

About 7 o'clock, somewhat to our sur- 
prise, it began to rain harder. Then 
still harder and harder and harder! 
Oh, my, how it rained! It poured! It 
fell with all the fury of a demon bent 
on destruction. Soon the water in the 
pond began to creep, creep, upAvarii, 
while my nest seemed to be gradually 
sinking. Then as water began to run 
into the sloughs from the adjacent hill- 
sides it rose faster and my eggs were 
submerged. I left the nest and the 
wind and waves took my eggs oft' of it 
and scattered them in every direction. 
My nest, following the Avaves was car- 
ried out and deposited among other 
drifting material on the shores. Somt^ 
of the eggs had followed the nest and 
were floating upon the water near it. 

Sick with dispair I looked around to 
see what damage had been done my 
neighbors during the two hours rain 
that was the heaviest known in the his- 
tory of the county. 

It had sto])ped now, and the stars 
were shining i)itifully down u])on us, 
while the moon breaking tiirough the 
rai)idly receding clouds gave us a 
glimpse of her friendly face. 

The Pied-billed Grebe's nest was still 
floating on tlie water and the covering 
had not allowed the eggs to be washed. 
It was some feet from its accustomed 
place however, lodged in a l)unch of 



rushes. This paiticulav bird, however, 
was very lucky, many of the same spec- 
ies had shared the fate of the C.oots. 
The nest of the Am. Bittera was com- 
pletely snl)merged as you may suppose, 
the water having risen nearly tAvo feet, 
while the uest was built only a few in- 
ches above water. 

It had not yet reached all the nests of 
the Blackbirds, though many of them 
were under water, but the wind and 
waves had robbed all of their contents. 

The nest of Wilson's Phalarope was 
covered with water, and it would have 
been so with a much lighter rain than 
the one we had. 

Every bird was sorrowing and dis- 
consolate, mourning for their lost nests 
and young. There were many suft'erers 
besides those I have named, but I was 
unable to learn the extent of the dam- 
age, though I think from the sad voices 
of the Kildeers and other birds who had 
their homes in the plowed fields; that 
their nests were Avashed under or eggs 
carried away by the current. The Rud- 
dy Ducks also must have been suffer- 
ers. They were just laying, and one of 
their eggs lay on the shore of a slough 
whei-e the bird had deposited it after 
the Hood. 

The Black Terns were all heavy los- 
ers, scarcely a nest remaining, though I 
did see one with its eggs among a thick 
cluster of rushes Avhere the wind could 
not well reach it. 

But we could not lose much time for 
we all wanted to raise a brood of little 
ones, so we set to work to construct 
other nests and lay another complement 
of eggs. Tiie Grebes and Terns got in 
their work first, as many of tlic former 
iound their nests still floating flush 
with the surface, and the latter could 
utilize some bog. 

At present writing, just one month 
from date of the great freshet, many 
birds aie rejoicing over pretty little 
nestlings, myself among the number. 

Others are nearly i-eady to hatch, and 

some of the more backward ones will 
have to wait several weeks yet. 

We learned something by the flood 
and built our nests very much higher 
than usual. 

One King Rail's nest was nearly a 
foot high, and just as she finished lay- 
ing an oologist who lives here — J. V. 
Crone by name — came along and took 
the eggs. Dirty trick wasn't it? and 
the only excuse he had to offer was that 
he had not taken any earlier, and that 
he had none in his collection. The Am. 
Bitterns wisely (or unwisely) resorted 
to dry land of meadows, for their see- 
on d uest, I say unwisely for when the 
above oologist is mowing hay he flnds 
their nest, and they lay a $1.25 egg 
you know. 

The Phalaropes left. I guess they 
could not bear the thought of trying to 
nest again, for I have not seen any 
since the flood. 

The Yellow-legs ai-e back from the 
north already. I wonder if they had a 
flood up there too. May be they had a 

Well dear readers in spite of the 
heavy rain and large amount of dam- 
age, the above is written by a very hap' 



Feeding the Birds in Winter- 
How many of the readei's of the Oo- 
logist have ever tried this plan as a 
means of enabling them to study more 
closely the habits of our winter visitors? 
I will tell you of my experience in this, 
at my happj" child-hood home in East- 
ern Indiana. 

During a long cold winter a few years 
ago, I found many small birds that had 
evidently died from a lack of food, as a 
deep snow had covered everything for 
several weeks. The thought occuredto 
me that it would be indeed a labor of 
love, as well as an act of charity, to in- 
duce the little feathei'ed songsters to 
come to a certain place io be fed. I 



placed some boards ou a barrel in the 
most sheltered corner of the yard, on 
the sunny side of some evei'green trees, 
which the birds were in the habit of fre- 
quenting. I then prepared for the feast 
by strewing the table with bread 
crumbs, crushed hickory nuts, bits of 
cooked meat chopped fine, and various 
kinds of seeds, "borrowed" fi-om moth- 
er's store of gai'den seeds. The next 
thing was to await the coming of the 
tliners; and it did not take them long to 
begin to put in an appearance, for cold 
and hunger had made them very brave. 
Black-capped Chickadees, Crested Tit- 
mice, White-bellied Nuthatches and 
Snow Buntings were about all that 
came, for very few birds had been able 
to live through those dreary weeks of 
ice and snow. 

The next winter I prepared for them 
before the cold weather had fairly set 
in. I fixed their table under shelter of 
some evergreens near the house, Avhere 
I could Avatch them from a window, 
myself unseen. It was a delightful 
past-time, to listen to their chatter of 
delight, and watch their cunning move- 
ments as they Hew from table to branch, 
for they prefered carrying their food up 
to a limb before eating it. The table 
was replenished almost daily, thus their 
food was always fresh. It seemed as 
though all that had l)een there the prev- 
ious year, had returned, bringing all 
their friends with them. There were 
Chickadees, Nuthatches, Titmice, Snow 
Birds, three or four kinds of Wood- 
peckers, Blue Jays and a few Cardinal 
Grosbeaks, and Robins that were 
brave enough to face our winter winds. 
The Nuthatches were especially fond of 
pumpkin and sunllower seeds, and 
greedy little fellows tiiey proved them- 
selves to be. They would not only eat 
what they wanted there, but would car- 
ry awa}' what they could not eat, and 
by spring every crack and crevice about 
the trees was tilled with seeds, .securely I 
wedged in by the busy little Nuthatch- \ 

A piece of fresh meat placed in a tree, 
out of reach of the cats and dogs, was a 
source of never failing delight for the 
Chickadees and Titmice. Many a noisy 
quarrel arose among them, but they 
were of short duration, and soon for- 

The Ciiipping Sparrows were my tam- 
est friends during the summer, coming 
daily for their allowence of crumbs. 
Tliey grew so tame they would readily 
come into the house to pick up crumbs 
that were strewn on the floor for them. 

I feel that I was a thousand times re- 
paid for mj' trouble, for many, many 
hours were spent in watciiing their 
m<!rry actions. I think any of the read- 
ers who will take the troul)le to feed 
the little feathered jewels, will be amp- 
ly repaid, by the pleasure thus aflorded, 
and the knowledge gained of their hab- 

Mrs. Lillie Pleas, 
Clinton, Arkansas. 

Nest and Eggs of the Rufous Hummingbird. 
( Trochilus rufus.) 

On the morning of May 1, '!)1, I 
awoke early and was soon on my way 
for a collecting trip. A cloudless sky, 
a refreshing atmosphere and an ap- 
proaching ray of sunshine, together 
with a well tilled basket of edibles, were 
a few of the features that foretold an 
eventful and pleasant expeiience in 
oology, and .sure enough my days out- 
ing was successful in its entirely. 

My tirst tind was the sul)je(;t of this 
article, and my delight was at a prem- 

I had not gone far into the woods 
when a female Rufous Hummer flew by 
with a buzz, which told me there was a 
nest near at hand. Upon looking 
around, I at once discovered its nest. 
It was at the end of a branch, in a small 
oak, tive feet up. Upon investigating 
clo.sely I found it contained two eggs 
which were almost fresh. Their sizes 
are .50 x .31 and M x .32. Eggs of this 
Hummingbird like the rest of the fam- 



ily Trochilidce ave always.white aud us- 
ually two in niuuber, but I have known 
of one instance where three eggs were 
taken from one nest. The nest is a 
handsome structure, composed in the 
main of willow-floss aud plant-downs. 
The outside is covered with bits of 
green mo.'s and light colored lichens, 
much resembling the bunches of moss 
found in oak trees. 

On June 2d, I again went collecting 
in the same locality and noticed a pair 
of Rufous Hummers acting rather 
queer. They had been flying at several 
w'arblers that came near a certain oak 
tree, for some time so 1 seated myself 
under its shade to study their actions, 
trusting the female would alight on her 
nest. Sure enough she did, and I was 
again rewarded with a set of their eggs. 
The nest Avas on a horrizontal limb and 
in make up was similar to the flrst, but 
the eggs w^ere longer, being .54 x .31 
and .53 x .31 in size. 

All nests of this species found by me 
have been near some creek aud placed 
in oak trees. This seems to be their 
favorite nesting place. In the spring 
of the year when the wild currant is in 
blossom, one has a splendid opportun- 
ity in observing the habits of these little 
beaiities as they glitter in the sun light. 
Clyde L. Keller, 
Salem, Oregon. 

The Chewink in Broome Co. 
By Wil d N. Clute,Binghamton,N.Y. 

The aiticle in the July Oologist, on 
the Chewink in Orleans Countj', devel- 
oped several traits of the bird that are 
so much at variance Avilh what w-e 
know of him in this (Broome) county, 
that a few words iu regard to his habits 
here may jjrove interesting. 

Orleans County, although farther 
north, is much less elevated than ours, 
and this, together with its j)roximity to 
the great lakes, should make the two 
counties very nearly equal in respect to 
climate, and, therefore, to the flora and 

fauna. That this is so is shown by the 
Chewink's time of arrival from the 
south iu spring. Mr. Posson places the 
bird's appearance at about the 7th of 
Apx'il. That date is much too early for 
us. A record of bird-arrivals for the 
last six years, gives April 19, 1888, as 
the earliest date of the Chewank's arri- 
val here, and May 10, 1889, as the lat- 
est. It would, therefore, seem that our 
seasons are later, and the Chewauk 
ought to be as common in Orleans Co. 
as here. 

From what I have learned of the Che 
wink's habits, he seems to prefer an ele- 
vated region for his dwelling place. In 
even large pieces of w'oodland on the 
level, the voice of the Chewink is sel- 
dom heard; but when we ascend to the 
retired upland woods, the bird must be 
marked as common. He does not,how- 
ever, seem partial to the deep w^oods, 
but is found commonly in the scrubby 
grow'ths and slashings that usually ad- 
join large tracts of timber. A rambler 
in such places, in summer, is sure to 
hear the Chewink's call above all others, 
and to get a glimpse of black and white 
as the bird flits from one clump of bush- 
es to another. 

In conformity with his other habits, 
the nest is seldom placed far in the 
woods. One that I found on the 8th of 
June, 1888, was placed in the edge of a 
little bank that skirted a cart-path 
through a bushy field. Some brush, 
lately cut, formed a sort of concealment 
for the nest, which contained four fresh 

Since the Chewink is not equally com- 
mon in localities in nearly the same lat- 
itude, it may possibly be due to the 
higher elevation of the favored region. 

The Carolina Wren Again- 

Since my sketch on the Carolina 
Wren, sent to jou earlj- in the spring, 
I have had an interesting item of obser- 
vation on its nesting. 



On the 21st of May last, I found a 
nest with 4 eggs, the usual number, 
nearly fresh. It was in a new field, on 
low ground near a spring. The nest 
was neatly tucked into a reeess between 
the roots of a chestnut stump; well 
hooded over, so that the bird seemed to 
"enter through a large hole in the side, a 
tuft of grass screening the entrance. It 
was composed mostlj' of dried grasses, 
very fine and feathery, a few dried 
leaves, intermixed with the outside, the 
iining mostly of horse hair. Tiie tine 
^vhite eggs specked with reddish l)rown, 
look more like those of the Titmice and 
Warljlers, than like those of the Wren 
famil}'. Though the eggs of tliat family 
vary greatly. 

Let me here tack on a little note 
along with Mr. Posson in j'our last 
issue, on the Chewiuk in Orleans Co., 
N. Y., and around Buffalo. I used to 
regard it a verj' rare bird in your Co., 
and believe with the above writer, that 
the south shore of Lake Ontario must 
be about the northern limit of its hab- 
itat. It is true, however, that it is quite 
common in the immediate vicinity of 
Buffalo, as stated by Mr. Bergtold. 

In like manner, I used to find the 
Brown Thrush very conmiou around 
Buffalo, while it was not at all common 
in Orleans Co., N. Y. This species, 
however, extends its habitat much far- 
ther north. I found it common on 
Manitoulin Island and in tlie LaCioch 
Mountains, just soutli of Lake Super- 

J. H. Lanoillk. 

A Trip to Smith's Island. 

On the morning of May 21, '1»1, I left 
"Cobb's Island, Va., witli two friends at 
6:30, and sailed down to Smitli's Island 
in order to get a few specimens of the 
Great Blue Heron. Smith's Island is 
•about 20 miles down the coast, but the 
way we had to go was fully 30 miles. 
We had a head wind all the way, and it 

was 11:15 when wc arrived at our desti- 

As soon as we landed the Fish Hawks 
commenced flj'ing around us, scream- 
ing all the time. There wore lots of 
their nests al)out, but I never saw an}' 
thing to equal those of the Great Blue 

Some trees had as manj' as five in 
them. I tried to climb to some, but as 
I had no "irons" with me, I had to give 
up the job. The trees were tall dead 
pines, with no bark and as smooth as a 
telegraph pole. 

I know a great many of the nests con- 
tained young, because there were lots 
of egg shells on tlie ground, and when 
the old l)irds would Hy over, high in the 
air, the young ones would stand up in 
the nest and stick their heads out to- 
ward th6m . 

I expect to go to Col)b's Island again 
next May, when I hojie to be more suc- 
cessful in the egging line. 

Wm. N. Fisher, 
Baltimore, Md. 

More about the Iowa Eagles- 

About two (la3-s after receiving my 
February 0(.)L0GIST, I was told that an 
Eagle had been caught and was on exhi- 
hibition in Chas.Trizainski's bar1)er shop 
window. I started at once for the bar- 
ber shop and upon arriving there I saw 
one of the largest Golden P^agles that 
"grow," and which measui'cd six feet, 
six inches from tip to tip. 

It measured about two feet in length. 
Its ])lumage was veiy ragged I)ut stilly 
showed its l)eauty. It was of a beauti- 
ful gold color on the head and dark all 
over the body; two light s])ots on the 
wing, tail light, legs very strong ond 
feathered to toes, color yellow, 1)111 l)lue 
black and very large. It seemed to 
take kindly to ca])tr,ity and has liecome 
tame. It can be fed from the hand and 
does not care at all if any person pets 
or strokes it, provided you do not touch 



its Avings. It is, on the whole, a most 
noble bird and inspires one with a feel- 
ing of not exactly awe but something 

A gentleman from Nebraska, who 
has seen many, says this is a very large 
one, the largest he ever saw and this is 
a yonng one. 

This bird was captured about twelve 
miles from Decorah and in a different 
direction from Bluffton. 

A. V. Thomson, 
Decorah, la. 

Some Notes on the Breeding of the Carolina 

Jiinco hyemulis carolinensis. 

Davie, in his "Nest and Eggs," says, 
"According to Mr. Wm. Brewster this 
new variety of the Black Snowbird dif- 
fers from J. hyemalis in being larger, 
with lighter, blue and more uniform 
coloration, and a horn-colored instead 
of pinkish white or yellowish bill. Mr. 
Brewster found this bird at Highlands 
and on the Black Mountains of Western 
North Carolina. He states that it is 
probable that the birds represent the 
form which breeds on the mountains of 
Virginia and Pennsylvania." 

I know of at least two breeding 
grounds of the Carolina Snowbird in 
West Virginia, one on Job's Knob, the 
other being Cold Knob in the western 
part of Greenbrier county. At the last 
named place only have I studied their 
habits. Here at an altitude of prob- 
ablj' 3500 feet 1 found them breeding 
abundantly during May, June and Julj-. 
I am positive from notes taken and ob- 
sei'vations made they raise at two 
broods in a season, probably three as I 
found a nest containing three joung, a 
few days old, the latter part of August, 

Their ne.«ts may be looked for nlong 
the roadside under the overhanging 
bank and in tussocks of grass at the 
foot of a bush, but I have never yet 

found a nest in a bush, although I have- 
found at least twenty nests during two 
years collecting. They are quite tame, 
allowing one to approach within a few 
feet before leaving the nest which they 
do somewhat in the manner of the Oven. 
Bird. The nests are generally a small 
quantity of moss and fine roots lined 
with tine rootlets and a few feathers ;they- 
are about the size of the nests of the- 
Phoebe in interial diameter. 

The eggs cannot with eertainity he- 
distinguished from eggs of the Black 
Snowbird, but probably average larger. 
One set of eggs in my collection meas- 
ure as follows: 16.5 x 13.1; 16.4 x 13.0;, 
16.0 X 13.1; 16.0 x 13.0 millimeters. The. 
average size of 30 specimens is 15.5 x 
13.0 millimeters. 

Mr. Wm. D- Doan,in his list of "Birds. 
of West Virginia" (Bulletin No. 3, 
West Va. Agricultural Experiment. 
Station) says: "Resident in the higher- 
mountains. I found them August 26th, 
on Rich Mountain, where I was inform-, 
ed they breed." 

Dr. Wm. C. Rives, in his "Catalogue 
of the Birds of the Virginias" says, 
"They are not found in the main Alle- 
ghany Range near the White Sulphur 

If they are not found in the main 
Range they are very near it. Cold 
Knob onl}- lies 25 miles north-west of 
White Suljihur Springs and near to the 
main Alleghany Range, or at least a 
spur of it. 

Thad. Surber, 

June 8, 1891. 

A Curious Find. 

On the 26th day of April my cousin, 
Thos. A. Smithwick, took a set of 
Brown-headed Nuthatch of four eggs» 
which also contained one single Blue-- 
Ijird's egg. Can any one else record a 
case like this? 

J. W. P. Smithwick, 
Sans Souei, N. C. 




A Monthly Magazine Devoted to 



Correspondence anrt Items of Interest to the 
Btudent or Ulrds. their Nests and E^'ga, sollclieil 
Irom all. 

Single SiibscTlptloij, - - wic per annum. 
Sample Copies. - - _ _ _ r,c each. 
The above rates Include payment of postage by ua 

Send stamp lor Premium List. 
All subscriptions must be^ln with either Janum j 
or July Issues. 
tw Remember that the publisher must be no- 
tlfled by letter when a sub-erlber wishes his pa- 
per stopped, and all arretirages must be paid. 

15 cts. per agate line each Insertion. Liberal 
tllscounts will be allowed on large and continued 
advertisements. Send copy tor upecuil rates. 

Remittances should be made by Draft, Express 
or Post Ofllce Money Order, Registered Letter or 
Postal Note. Unused U. S. Postage Stamps of any 
denomination will be accepted for sums under one 
dollar. Make Money Orders and Drafts payable 
and address all subscriptions and communica- 
tions to FRANK H. LATTIN, 

Albion, Orleans Co., ti. Y. 

•«• Articles, Items of Interest and Queries 
lor publication should be forwarded as early In 
the month as possible 

"VajLLVN i(vl>ON003S Gv 

30 ISOd 3H1 i« OSU^lMt 

Black and White Creepers. 
(Mniotilld carid.) 

This i.s one of the little biid.s which 
ought to be respected by farmers and 
husbandmen generally, on account of 
his extreme usefulness. 

He clears tlieir fruit and forest trees 
of myriads of destructive insects, par- 
ticularly ants, although he d(jes not ser- 
enade them with his songs. 

He seldom perciies on the small twigs 
but circnmaniljulates the trunk and lar- 
ger branches, in quest of ants and other 
insects with admirable de.xtcMity. He 
is evidently nearer related to the Creep 
ers than to the Warbler, for his hind 
claw is the, and his manner as 
well as liis tongue, which is long and 
five pointeil and homey at the extrem- 

ity characterize him stronglv as a true 

He arrives here toward tiie latter 
l)art of April and begins soon after ta 
build his nest. 

One which I liad good luck to discov- 
er was lixed in the crack of the trunk 
of a large tree, and was composed of 
some fibers and dry leaves, lined with 
hair and soft cotton like down. 

It contained five young ones recently 
hatched. This was on the 28th of Ap- 

At about the l)eginning of Oct. the 
whole tril)e leaves again for the warmer 
climate, probably the West Indies, 
tht)ugh I have bean informed that at 
least several of them have been per-, 
ceived in the Gulf States during the 
whole winter. 

The male and female are nearly alike 
in plumage. 

E. E. Hammett, Jr., 
Cleveland, O. 

Nesting of the Sharp-shinned Hawk. 

In my collecting this year I have 
come across two nests of the Sharp- 
shinned Hawk, {Accipiler fuscus) built, 
no doubt, by the same pair of birds. 

On May Kith, while starting out on a 
collecting ex])edition with acomjjanion, 
I observed a Hawk Hying oxer a large 
wt)od with something in its claws. I 
watcJied it and saw it go down in a 
l)atch of pines about a quarter of a mile 
distant. The pines, to which we im- 
mediately went, covered perhaps five 
acres, and were and tall at one 
end and low and thick at the other, 
Wliile searching for the Hawk's nest, 
wiiich we l)elit'ved to exist in the pines, 
a male Shari)-siiinned came around us 
several times uttering liis peculiar cry. 
At last we found the nest in the thin 
pines, about thirty feet from the ground. 
It was built uniformly 'of dead pine 
twigs, was about seven inches in- 
siile and one incli in depth, and contain- 



ed two perfectly fresh eggs. They are of 
a creamy-white ground color, marked 
with confluent blotches of light reddish 
brown. These eggs are the same size 
at both ends. 

The other nest we found May 31st. 
It was situated very near the first, and, 
like it, was near the top of the pine tree 
where two limbs branched off from the 

It was similar to the first except in 
being a little deeper, and in having a 
slight lining of pine bark scales and a 
few feathers. This nest contained five 
eggs, incubation just begun. These 
differ from the otho's in being decided- 
ly pointed at one end, and in being very 
much lighter, the markings being hard- 
ly darker than ash-color, on an ashy- 
white ground. 

The female bird was very bold. While 
we were both up the tree packing the 
eggs she flew over us so close that J 
could have i-eached her with my hand, 
one of her wings actually striking my 
companion on the shoulder. After we 
had descended, he succeeded in shoot- 
ing both the birds with his rifle. 

We were- particularly struck with the 
difference in size they exhibited. 
Harold B. Stabler, 
Sandj' Spring, Maryland. 

Danger in Using Arsenical Soap. 

As several cases (one fatal) of poison- 
ing by arsenical soap have come to my 
notice, I think a few words on its dan- 
gerous properties might not be amiss. 

The common white arsenic of com- 
merce (Oxide of Arsenic) when mixed 
with some animal matter as the fat in 
soap, fat skins, or any other albumenoid 
substance, forms one of the most, if not 
the most dangerous poisons known, the 
Ptomaine of Arsenic, as IoUoavs: 

All flesh ;yul fats after a short expos- 
eure to air begin to decay, one of the 
products of decay is a cadaveric alka- 
loid, called a Ptomaine, the decay sufli- 

cient to form Ptomaine might not be 

Now when you make Arsenical soap 
you prol)ably take some cheap soap 
that has been made out of half putrid 
fat, mix your Arsenic with it and cork 
it up, now this corking up 
seems to favof the formation of the 
Ptomaine, or keep it from evaporating, 
as it has always been noticed that mat- 
ter that has been exposed to the air and 
then closed up contains moi'e Ptomaine 
than those just exposed to the air. 

This Ptomaine as soon as it forms 
unites with the arsenic and forms Pto- 
maine of Arsenic. 

The poisono\is qualities of arsenic 
and the Ptomaine of Arsenic might be 
compared tol and 100, besides which 
the following must be considered, that 
there is no antidote for the Ptomaine, 
while Per-Oxide of Iron, or iron rust is 
one for arsenic, that it is voltile and 
can be inhaled, while arsenic is not; 
that it can be absorbed through the 
pores, Avhile the little arsenic it would 
be possible to absorbe would act only 
as a tonic, while the Ptomaine acts 
only as a verulent septic poison in all 
cases; that the lye in the soap favoi's 
the entrance of the poison by softening 
and more or less removing the epider- 
mis of the skin. 

Many taxidermists have remarked the 
effects of arsenical soap. I find the 
following by Maynard : 

"It is a fact to which I can bear pain* 
ful testimony that they are, especially 
when applied to greasy skins, poisonous 
to the extreme. I have been so badly 
poisoned when working on the skins of 
some fat water birds that had been pre- 
pared with arsenical soap as to be ser- 
iously ill." 

Cones' also makes remarks to the 
same effect. 

It is not necessary to injure you to 
take enough of the • Ptomaine to kill 
you, as a small might produce much 
trouble not easily accounted for. 



I may say in conclusion though Ar- 
senical Ptomaine may form in skins pi"e- 
pared with pure arsenic tliere is not 
nearly the danger, as with the soap, 
but it is as Mayuard says: "Arsenic 
and grease are generally a blood poi- 

Harry B. Sargent. 

Interesting Notes from Oregon- 

I send you a few extracts* of my '91 
"notes thinking perhaps they might pos- 
bibly be interesting to some of the read- 
ers of the OOLOGIST. 

April 5th. Found a Stellor's Jay's 
nest completed. The l)ird began laying 
the 14th and April 20th took a set of 5 
eggs. Nest made of sticks, twigs and 
moss, lined with rootlets, measured 9 
Inches across and 6 inches high on out- 
side, 3i in. X 2 in. inside; and placed on 
a limb of a fir tree about 16 ft. high; 
eggs pale, greenish, spotted, rather 
thickly at larger ends; average size 1.23x- 

April 19th. Took a set of 14 eggs of 
Mong(dian or King Pheasant. 

The nest was in a field of thick "Oak 
Grubs" placed under an oak grub, made 
of leaves in hollow in ground, measures 
8 in. across and 3 in. deep. Eggs were 
a brownish cream witli a faint green 
tinge, average size 1.56 x 1.32. 

The Pheasant's note or "crow" con- 
sists of two syllables uttered with a 
harsher voice than our domestic cock 
and resembles er er; immediately after 
crowing they flap their wings making a 
noise like the Ruffed Grouse. 

I set thret! eggs and succeeded at the 
end of 22 days in hatching one little 
Pheasant looking verj' mu<;h like a 
brown leghorn chick. 

The little fellow done well and follow- 
ed the hen, but ))ersisted in going 
ahead; in three days it required a lively 
pace to catch him, but one morning 
nothing was to be seen of it. 

May nth. Took a set of 13 fresh 

eggs of Mongolian Pheasant. Nest in 
same field and under an oak giub the 
same as the other, eggs pale, greenish, 
cream, a few spotted sparinglj- with 
olive, average size 1.66 x 1.23. 

May 12th. Took a set of 7 fresh eggs 
of the Oregon Rutied Grouse. The nest, 
unlike most nests of this species, was 
not concealed or at least did not seem 
so, as it was placed between two fir sap- 
lings in plain sight 10 or 12 ft. away; it 
was hollow in ground, lined wifh leav- 

Eggs cream, three l^eing spotted verj- 
sparingly with light brown, average 
size 1.60 X 1.24 

June 14th. Found a nest of Mongo- 
lian Pheasant; it was a hollow in a tus- 
sock of timothy containing one egg lay- 
ing on bare ground; there was not any 
moi'e next day, and its a puzzler to me 
to know how that egg got there. Can 
anyone make a suggestion? 

The following receipt I have used for 
tiie last year successfully for removing 
stains, although may not be new to 
manj' I hope it will to a few: 

Cover the eggs 18 or 24 hours with 
butter-milk, too long will spoil them; 
care should be taken to wash the eggs 
thoroughly, immediately after taking 
them out of the butter-milk. 

Yamhill Co., Oregon. 

Where is the Southern Breeding Limit of the 

I would like to iiear from anj' reader 
of the 0<>LO(ii.sT who has in his collec- 
tion eggs of the Rol)in (M. rnigratoria) 
taken in either of following states: 

Georgia, Alabanui or Mi.ssi.ssippi. Or 
in Arkansas or Indian Territory, near 
or south of latitude 35 o . Also along 
the southern border of Tennessee. Am 
trjing to find the southern breeding 
limit of this bird in tlus Missi.ssipi)i Val- 

Would like especially to hear from 



observers residing in above states (in 
proximity to latitude 35 o ) as to wheth- 
er this bird nests in their localities. 
J. T. Park, 
Warner, Tenn. 

Queries Answered. 

C. D. H., Newfaue, Vt. — Your spai-- 
I'ow is doubtless the White-crowned. 

R. B., Claremont, N. H.— The de- 
scription of your nest and eggs resem- 
bles that of the Acadian Flycatcher. 

R. H., New Castle, Ind. — Is not your 
bird the Song Sparrow? 

E. L. Y., Thornton's Ferry, N. H.— 
Your nest was that of the Gt. Crested 

A. H. C, Nobles Co., Minn.— Writes 
of taking a set of Black-throated Bunt- 
ing and wishes to know if it breeds 
farther north. 

B. S., Detroit, Mich., Avrites: 
"On June 3, 1891. I found the nest of 
a Song Sparrow built in an apple-tree 
about six feet from the ground contain- 
ing thi'ee fresh eggs. Ine nest was in 
a sort of hollow at the end of a limb. 
Isn't it rather unusual for the Song 
Sparrow to build in a tree?" 

The Song Sparrow's nest has been 
found almost "everywhere"— finding 
them in an apple-tree is rather an unus- 
ual, but not a rare, occurrence. 

C. E. H., Russellville, Ind.— The birds 
which you describe are Indigo Bunt- 

C. W., York Sta., Ala.— The crow of 
your locality is undoubtedly the com- 
mon variety. 

Answers to that Turkey Vulture Query. 

In the OoLOGiST for this month you 
ask who can tell if the Turkey Vulture 
occupies a nest more than one season. 
Two instances have come under my ob- 
servation where they have been known 
to occupy the same nest more than one 
season, one having been occupied two 

years, the other three, Two sets were 
taken from the latter in one year (1890) 
and one set has already been taken this; 

John Howard, 
Tarboro N. C. 

In regard to Turkey Vultures occu^ 
pjing the same nest more than one sea^ 
sou would like to give j'ou a few lines 
here and there from my note book. 

March 28, 1888. Took a set of twa 
fresh Buzzard eggs from a hollow- 
stump at Levy Lake. 

Mar. 15, '89. Took a set of two fresh, 
eggs from the same nest which resemb- 
les very much the set taken the jjrev- 
ious year, undoubtedly the same bird. 

Mar. 20, '89. I took a set of two fresh 
eggs from a little cave in an open field. 

Mar. 15, '90. Took a set of two eggs 
from same cave and on April 30th took; 
one more egg, incubation advanced. 

This season ('91) I took two more set& 
from the same nest. The set taken 
Mar. 16, was fresh, the last set taken 
May 28th, was badly incubated. I 
know of still another nest from which a. 
set of Vulture eggs has been taken every- 
season since 1887. 

However I know of in.stances Avhere 
Vultures have deserted their old nest-, 
ing site after having been robbed, but 
once, so could not say that they .alwaya 
use the same nest moi-e than once. 
T. G. Pearson, 
Archer, Fla. 

In reply to A. G.'s query would say I 
know of a hollow tree which has been 
used for six years by a pair of Turkey 
Vultures, and have heard of two other 
trees which liave been used for al)0ut 
ten years. I tind when they are once 
robbed they desert the tree or stump, 
I have collected four sets in tlie last six 
years and could have taken others, but. 
1 am no egg hog. I am satisfied with iv 
few sets. From what I know of their 
habits 1 believe they would always lay 
in the same nest if not disturbed. 

Mr. K: Atkinson, of Dime Box, Tex.^ 
says he has only been able to approach 
them on two occasions. Wcjuld say of 
the four sets I collected I had to raise, 
the bird off the nest of three, the first I 
found l)y accident, while walking 
through the thick brush I stumbled over 
a hollow stump and the Vulture flew 
past me; on looking in stump I discov-. 
ered a set of two flne eggs perfectly 
fresh. If a Vulture remains on nest^ 



tantalize witli a stick she will vomit ami 
then the clanger is over as she cannot 
Venew the attack or at least they never 
have for me. 

C. Bykon Vandycook, 
Odin, 111. 

■"Meadow Larks and Turkey Buzzards" (?) 

Oh yes, Texas has some birds besides 
MeadoSv Larks and Turkey Buzzards. 
I have been interested in our feathered 
friends for some years; have also been 
u collect(n' in a small way. 'Tis true 
one maj' lide an entire day behind a 
slow horse and never see a bird in 
Texas, but that has been my experience 
only on the Staked Plains, but even 
there around the little settlements one 
meets our little friends. I have seen 
there the Lark Sparrow and his sweet 
song can be heard almost any moonlit 
night, and to my mind 'tis as sweet a 
song as our caged yellow pets ever ut- 
tered, true it may not be so varied, but 
the sweetness of tone is superior. This 
little bird is I fear much underrated ])y 
those who See him most. His Texas 
name is VVheatbird. 

I have found nesting in Dallas and 
adjoining counties, the Yellow-breasted 
Chat, Lark Sjiarrow, Dickcissel, Spar- 
row Hawk, Flicker, Cardinal, Black- 
tapped Titmouse, Blue Gray, Gnat- 
catcher, Scissor-tailed Flycatcher, Or- 
f hard Oriole, House Wren, Mourning 
Dove, Mockingbird. Red-headed Wood- 
]iecker, Chuck- Will's- Widow, Night 
Hawk, Screech Owl, Yellow Warbler, 
Crow, Blue Jay, Bob-white, Bronzed 
Grackle, Crested Flycatcher, Bell's 
Vireo, Red-winged Blackbii-d, Ycd- 
low-billed Cuckoo. Painted Bunting, 
Indigo Bird, Belled KingHsher, Pinnat- 
ed Grouse and .S(!veral hawks and owls 
that I've never placed. This is only a 
partial list, there are many others I 
<lon't call to mind just now. I have 
spent many pleasant hours tram])ing 
al)out and trying to get better acijuaint- 
c'd with our birds and deducting Mead- 

ow Larks and Turkey Buzzanls have 
founil plenty to study and admire. 
While we are on Meadow Larks I'll tell 
you of an ogg I have of that i)ird, 'tis 
one of a set of four, regulation size and 
ground color, but the reddish brown 
spatclu's are as large as a linger nail 
and nearly hide the ground color. Let 
us hear from our Texas boys. 

Dallas, Texas. 

Seaside School of Biology. 

Mr. Frank H. Lattin, Dear Sir: 

Our school 
of Biology will open July 6th, continu- 
ing to Aug. 29th. The deanship is held 
by Geo. Macloskie, D. Sc., L. L. D., of 
Princeton College, who will be assisted 
in terrestrial work by John E. Petere, 
A. M., D. Sc., and in the Laboratory 
work by Arthur M. Miller. A. M., Prof, 
of Biology, Wilson College. 

Mr. Dumas Watkins, of Princeton 
Col., will be the collector of marine 

Students having microscopes are re- 
questetl to bring thern. A dozen micro. 
scopes will be supplied for the use of 
experienced persons. Instructions will 
also be given in the use of the micro- 

The building is planned to have sep- 
arate floor and foundation and the 
north-west corner specially avcU lighted 
for fine work. 

We will have this year accommada- 
tions for 30 or 40 students. Two boats 
are in service, a well arrangcjd library, 
also cases for preserving mounted spec- 
imens and a herbarium. Running salt 
and fresh water, and aquaria and other 
appliances will be found in the labora- 

Come and .see us. 

Wm. M. Albekti, Sec, 
Avon-by-the-Sea., N. J. 

Sorry we cannot b(! then;, but trust 
many of the Oolocjist's readers will joiu 
the class. They will lind it of interest, 
profit and pleasure. — Ki>. 



World's Fair Notes- 
Aa extensive display of postage 
stamps may be expected at the World's 
Fair. The Americau Philatelic Assoc- 
iation and the Philatelic Society of New 
York have both appointed committees 
to work to that end. 

California may show at the World's 
Fair, as a part of its exhibit, the tinest 
collection of minerals in the United 
States. Instead of making a special 
collection as was done for the New Or 
leans, Philadelphia and Paris exposi- 
tions, there is a strong probability that 
the state will send the raagnihcent col- 
lections belonging to the State Mining 
Bureau Museum. The State University 
has the collection of the State Geologi- 
cal Survey, the Voy collection. Hanks 
collection', Keene collection, and several 
others. These are all classified, iirrang- 
ed, identified and labeled. Each county 
and district in the state is properly re- 
presented. Every department of the 
mining industry has its separate place 
with locality indicated. No other state 
or territory of the Union has any such 
collection as belong to California now. 

Tulare, California, proposes to furn- 
ish a very novel exhibit for the Fair. 
From a gigantic redwood tree, 390 feet 
high, and 20 feet in diameter, will be 
cut two lengths forty-five feet long, and 
these will be transformed into full-sizeil 
railway coaches by hollowing out the 
interior. The rough bark of the tree 
will be left on the roof and on the sides 
the natural wood will be left unpolish- 
ed. The interior will be finished after 
the style of Pullman cars. One will be 
a buffet dining car, with bath, barlier- 
shop and kitchen, and the other a sleep- 
er, with observation room. Ordinary 
car trucks will be put underneath, and 
the men of Tulare, with their wives and 
children, will make the trip to Cliicago 
in these strange coaches and live in 
them while there. The intention is to 
keep these cars in theExpositiougrounds 
and to sell as mementos the portions of 
the tree cut away in their construction. 

Captain Alexander Rodgers, the spec- 
ial World's Fair Commissioner to Bra- 
zil, reports that the botanical exhibit 
from that country will be the finest ever 
made. The director of the botanical 
garden at Rio de Janeiro, Dr. J. Barljo- 
za Rodriguez, probably the leading 
scientist in that repul)lic, is taking a 

great interest in the work of preparing 
a fine display for Chicago, He will 
send the fnllest possible collection of 
plants, and make a full exhibit of or- 
ehirds and palms, on both of which he 
is a high authority, having himself dis- 
covered over five hundred new varitiea 
of orchids and fifty new varieties of 
palms. He will send also his priv,ate 
I ethnological collection of over a hun- 
dred pieces, the most valuable and the 
I rarest that he found during his stay in 
the Amazon country. Dr. Ladislao 
Neeto, the dii'ector of the national mus- 
eum at Rio., is also very earnest in hav- 
ing a fine exhibit at Chicago, and has 
already made requisition for funds for 
that purpose. Dr. Neeto organized the 
Brazilian section of the Berlin fisheries 
exhibition, and promised to get up a 
similar display for Chicago. This may 
be given to the United States fishery 
commission in exchange for something 
of theirs. 

The fish exhibit at the World's Col- 
umbian Exhil)ition is to be a wonderful 
one, and not the least interesting por. 
tion of it, naturally, will be the Aquar- 
ial or Live Fish display. This will be 
contained in a circular building 135 feet 
in diameter, standing near one extrem- 
ity of the main Fisheries building, and 
in a great curved corridor connecting 
the two. , , ., ,. 

In the center of the circular budding 
will be a rotunda sixty feet in diameter, 
in the middle of which will be a basin 
or pool about twenty-six feet wide from 
which Avill arise a towering mass of 
rocks covered with moss and lichens. 
From clefts and crevices in the rocks 
crystal streams of water Avill gush and 
drop to the masses of reeds, rushes, and 
ornamental semi-aquatic plants in the 
basin below. In this pool gorgeous gold 
fishes, golden ides, golden tench, and 
other fishes will disport. From the 
rotunda one side of the larger series of 
aquaria may be viewed. These will he 
ten in number and will have a capacity 
of seven thousand to tweney-seven 
thousand gallons of water. 

The entire length of the glass fronts 
of the aquaria will be about 575 feet or 
over 3,000 square feet of surface. They 
will make a panorama never before 
seen in any exhibituii and will I'ival 
the great permanent aquarium s of the 
world not onlylii size b; t in all other 





Sixth Season 



During July and August, 1891. 

We have two stores at Chautauqua,N, 
Y., oue in the Pier House and the Other 
in the Xew Arcade Building. 

Should any of my patrons happen in 
the vicinity of Chautauciua during their 
summer vacation, I trust they will 
make it a point to "step in." We have 
on exhibition and for sale thousands of 
Specimens, Curiosities, Novelties and 


International Fair & Exposition 




Frank H. Lattin will have a "carload" of Birds' Eggs, Soa Shells, Corals, 
Natural History Specimens and Curiosities of all kinds. 

DuiJlicate specimens will be sold at surprisingly low prices. 

"Lattin will personally attend the exhibit during the Exposition and would 
be pleased to meet any of "his patrons. Should you visit the Fair, do not fail to 
visit Lattin's Exhil)it, which you will find on the second floor, at the south end of 
the main building (same loca'tiou as in 'SD-'yO.) The exhibit will occupy 500 ft, 
floor space with 50 ft. frontage. 


Inter-State Fair and Exposition 

SEPT. l3t-9th. 

We have agreed to make a big exhibit of Indian Relics. If you atteml the 
fair do not miss seeing our exhibit we exi)ect to have $2,000.00 worth of Indian 
Relics on exhil)itiou all of which will be for sale. 

"Lattin" exjiects to personally be at Elmira, Sept. 7, 8 and 9 and would be 
pleased to "shake" with any of his numerous patrons of that vicinity, who hap- 
pen around. 

At Elmira we .shall doubtless hsve a good assortment of Shells, Curios, and 
Souvenirs for sale at wonderfully low rates. 



Make An Exhibit at Your Fair? 

Don't you think it would pay you to obtain 
a stock of, say, anywhere from $10. to $100. 
worth, of shells, agates and curios to add a 
variety to your present collection, and make 
an exhibit at your own and neighboring Fairs 
this Fall? 

There's $$ In It! 

At a good Fair, with a suitable display you 
could sell from $10. to $100. per day, upon 
which there would be a GOOD BIG profit. 

Now we will have lots or just such material 
on hand at Chautauqua, Detroit and Elmira, 
that will remain unsold, rather than ship 
back home will sell at very low rates, if it 
would be inconvenient for you to personally 
make your selections at any of the above 
places, but will send me the amountyou wish 
to invest and give me an inkling of about 
\A/hat you want I will personally and judi- 
ciously make a selection for you that 1 will 
guarantee to give you big satisfaction in 
every particular and will make the prices to 
you lower than you could possibly duplicate 

Remember I also carry a full line of Agate, 
Spar, Pyrites and Shell Jewelery and Nov- 
elties. Write what you want. 


Albion, N. Y. 



For rXVENTOUS. Btmiv FHEE. Address 
W.T. Fitzgerald, Attorney at Law,\Viuslitngtoal),C. 

Carf's Mural History and Bird Stores. 

Taxtdenuy. Hhd Skins and Egjis. Shells. 
Curios. MineraJs. F(>.s.sUs. Indian Relics and 
Naturalists' Su;>i>lies:SinH;ingand Fancy Birds. 
T.ilKiiig, Goldfi.sU and Aquarium 
Stoclc Send Stamp for Cataiogues, Price lists 
and Publications. 

C. P. OARR, 

-Tetf Madison, Wis. 

JPub. oi Wis Naturalist, 50c yer j'ear. 

Rare CaHfornia View?;. 

Enclose stamp for catalogue. Sample of 
views will bf .sent upon receipt of 25 cents, 

California Art Gallery. Santa Rtisa, Cal. 

IT IS INDISPUTAliLE that more 
f lie Derangement aix? cured by HUM- 
a'l other ivmedies put together. 


An illustrated price-list of ElectrotM)es of 
Birds sent free. Just the thing to use on your 
letter heads, circulars, etc. Engraving to or- 
der. H. A. CARHART, SjTacuse. N. Y. 

The Horned Frog- 

This harmless little creature is some- 
thiug that every eolleetor should have. 
They require no fiM'ding if allowed to 
run free among the house plants, ete. 
Eveiy eolleitor has he^ird of this won- 
derful little animal. Live .specimen.s 
sent l)y c.xpi-ess prepaid for $1. Safe 
delivery guaranteed. 


1400 Colorado St., Austin, Tex. 

Summer Complaints- 
Multitudes of cliiMrtu every summer 
die from what is known as Summer 
Complaint, Diarrhea, Cliolera Infaiituui 
and Dysentery. IIum|threys' Specifies 
Nos. Four, Five and Six are safe— eur- 
iug thousands. 



business ami ;uliln-ss, for 4()c.. postpaid. 

(^ard.s and hetti-r Heads at .sanie prlr-f. 
KKieach for only SI. :>:r"A;rcnts want -fl. Di^ 
pay. Ontflt5r. A. M. EDDY, Albion, N.Y. 



! Photography 

tLOMHTEIiaY lira rat CAMERA 

j rofi UN sccoNos.n'iNcuiciav 


Any person send ng 
us l!»c 1 efore Sep !.=>, 
1891. we will, in oraer to 
introduce oiu- goods, 
send prepaid the follow- 
ing articles, viz: 

Mexican R ^s\u-rection 
Plant, Instantaneou.s 
Photograjih^C anie r a 
(Will lie sold separately 
for lOc » 2 Nai'v 
txuif>. 1 Jap uiese Envel- 
ope, 1 Le. r from Jaj an- 
ese Hook. 1 pUg. Si rap 
Pictures. 10 varieties Ji 
Foi-ei«n Stamps, C'^"- 
pon g<K)d for 2j)c on an 
order of ?1.\)<) or over. 

The entire package 
will be sent you by re- 
turn inaiL pre^mid for 
only 15c. address. 


Gaines, Orleans Co., N. Y. 



— COt.l.ECTOH OF— 

tStrd^, lV]amnt©l5 and H|^5, 


I make a specialty of mailing birds same day 
as skinned, or sent in the flesh after sub.iectlng 
them to a preservative preparation. Enclo* 
stamp for Price List. 


Duplicates can be returned. 


Catalogue for stamp. 


Low Prices and Good Wook 

We do all Job Printing in the latest and 

best styles, at bottom prices. 

Printed to order with neatues.'j and di.spatch. 

Data Blanks, Naturalists' Labels, Cards, 

Note Heads, Envelopes, Tags, 

Price Lists &.c. 

Send us a copy or wn-ite us what you want, 
and get our prices 'before giving orders else- 
whei-e. We will save you money. Address, 

W. A. CROOKS & CO., 



** You press the btitton, 

we do the rest! 

(on YOr CAN r>0 IT YOURSKLr.) 

Ei2:ht Styles and Sizes 


Transparent Films, 

Jt^For sale by all Photo. Stock Dealers. Send for Catalogue. 







E S2.00 


'xSelected from Mr. Lattin 
Price List, to any jxM.son 
who will get up a cluii of 25 naraes. 
Reference MR. K. H. L.ATTIN. 

This is a good enhance to a(hl specimens to vour col 
lection. Try getting iip the club. Address, * 

R. W. FORD, Bristol, Conn. 





We print everything from a Visiting Card to 
a Dictionarj-, at as low prices as consistent with 
good work. Job Printing, Stereotyping and 
Bindlnp. Send for new price list, or estimate. 
Address, A. M. EDDY, Albion, N. Y, 

rnOOTT Q 1(1 Species. 3.5c; SO for 7oc: :» for $I..tO; 
rUuOlJj'Ji f>t) for *3.00; 75 for *S.0O. 111. List. 


FRANK KINNE, Knoxville, Iowa. 


Soldiers disaWed since the war are entitled 

Dependent widows and parents now depen- 
dent, whose sons died from effects of army ser- 
vice are Inc/uded. If you vour claim 
speedily and successfully prosecuti-d. address. 


Late Com'r of Pensions, WaBhington. D. 0. 


Vfr^ 50c. per 

W Monthlj. "^Tr^ 50c. per ^% 

VOL. vin. 

ALBION, N. Y., SEl^T., 1891. 

No. 9 

Exchanges and Wants. 

Brief special announcements, "Wants," "Ex- 
changes" inserted In this department for aSc 
per •& words. Notices over a5 words, charged 
at the rate of one-half cent per word. No 
notice inserted for less than 25c. Notices 
which are merely indirect methods of soliciting 
cash purchasers cjiimot be admitted to these 
column.s under any circumstuuces. Terms, 
cash with order. 

HAVE you read Lattln's "Exchange Extra- 
ordinarj'" in this Oologist? 

WANTED.— To exchange. Missis.sippi Kite 
1 -J. with datum, for other sets with data. Semi- 
rare. Address, J. W. P. SMITHWICK, Sans 
Souci. N. C. 

TO EXCHANGE.— I have first-class Califor- 
nia sets and singles to exchange for Eastern 
sets with data. Send your lists and receive 
mine. ALMA KING, San Bernardino, Califor- 

HAVE YOU NOTICED new list of common 
**ggs wanted and desirable eggs offered in Lat- 
tin's 'Exchange Extraordinary" in this Oolo- 


WANTED.— A. O. U. Nos. 3:«. ;160. .•J7.S. .377a, 
;iiid any other desirable eggs. For which I will 
give stamps or eggs. HAKilY O. TROUNCE, 
\\ Collier St., Toronto. Canada. 

EGGS IN SETS with complete datas for ex- 
change for same. Also a few singles. Send 
your list and receive mine. All letters answer- 
<d. W. A. OLDFIELD, Port Sanllae, Mich. 

SEE'.— I will give twenty-five periwinkle 
shells, from Lake Erie, for every ten cents 
worth of curios, sent me. ALLEN OGDEN, 
Brocton. N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Buffon's Natural History 
•ii- CO ttlon for best otTer of perfect Indian 
AheaoS. P. P. NORRIS, North Topeka, 

TOEXCHANGE.-Forth.-best offer of ten- 
uis racquet set 'a X.V,. set '^ .i.i'i (Rldgewav's) 1 
Indian tommahawk and grinder. ART. 'BID- 
WELL, Box 248, Baldwin, Kansas. 

NTKD.— D' 

un Yi or Hi 
;m Knmv* 

uble - barrel] breech - loading 
uge: will give "Frst steps lu 
/:e."(Paul Hert) lUX) clciin ci- 
varietles foreign stamps. 
I •. 'ndlan axe and club, coUt-c- 

' Mc , .ggs, value over *4f>.(J(). Writo 

ana .-.I U.1 ILsts: great bargain. Address, AR- 
THUR DUGAN, West Point, Miss. 

HAVE you read Lattin's "Exchange Extra- 
ordinary" in this OoLOGiST? 

TO EXCHANGE.— I have fine f. c. bird skins 
and eggs to exchange for the following: Clim- 
bers, shot-gun, rifle, books on taxidermv. orni- 
thology or oology, camera, telescope or violin 
All letters and «u-ds answered. JNO. L 
HOOPER, Lake Mills, Wis. 

SETS WITH DATA and singles of this local 
Ity for Western eggs. Send list and receive 
mme. GEO. H. GRAY, 1326 N. Mount St Bal- 
timore, Md. 

EXCHANGE.— Will exchange minerals and 
woods for same. Send list and receive mine In 
return. Letters answered. CRITT C. I\'ORY 
Smithville, Jeff. Co.. N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE. -Herons, Crackles, Mock- 
ingbird and other eggs from this localitv. for 
same. Send list. JESSE MILLER, 184 Dallas 
St , Houston. Texas. 

A BARGAIN.— 400 eggs. 60 different kinds, in 
sets and single. First-class in every respect 
Collected in this locality. O. H. BRAUGHLER' 
Santa Rosa, Cal. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Beautiful Mineral .Speci- 
mens from Nevada, Wyoming, Colorad( < Ore- 
gon, Idaho, and Utah. What have you to ex- 
change ? Write. E ARLE A. BROOKS, French 
Creek, West Virginia. 

^TO EXCHANGE.-Sixty Argosies, twelve 
books and water blower, for the best offer in 
birds' eggs. Address, LOUIS WEHLE, tWl E 
Main St. . Rochester, N. Y. 

WANTED.— Files or odd copies of anv Nat- 
ural History publications. Send lists" Will 
give flrst-dass job printing for Hies, for what I 
can use. WILL A. CROOKS. Gilmau, \\U 

FOR EXCHANGE. -Will exchange single 
eggs or f<)7, .501, 4«.'>. 461, 4.38, 4»4, 387, 3x8761 1 b 5»5 
.5«8. «13. «r.2, 7(J4, 7.T«, 610, 622a, A. O. U "ur sin- 
gles not in my collection. Send list;, of what 
you have to exchange. W. J. Wtrt, P o Hot 
83, Oak Orchard, Orleans Co., N. Y ' 

BIRDS' EGGS.— First-class sets of 81-' 214 
387, 420a. 447b. rv{8, .\-{li. 605 and others for 'same' 
Two Burrowing Owls for best offer of ec^s" 
MERLIN C. JOHNSON, Aberdeen, S. Dak ^ 

Davie's latest work on the i is and eifus of 
North American birds bourn : jth anii iriit 

In perfect condition, new an. 'that I will 

exchange for btst olTer of oil s. haJf dol- 

lars, quarters, dimes, half dim v.-.. copper cents 
Send lists statiug year and condition P p 
NORRIS, North Topeka, Kansas. 



HAVE vou read Lattin's '-Excliange Extra- 
ordinary'"' in this Ooi.OGisT? 

TO EXCHANGE.— A heavy 22-cal. rifle, Wai-- 
nant action, for best offer of first-class land 
birds' eggs in sets. STANLEY E. WYLLIE, 
Sanford, Fla. 

WHAT AM I OFFERED for Davie's Key 3rd 
edition, cloth bound, newfour dollar field-glass, 
two volumes of Oologist and taxidennists' 
implements. PAUL HUNTINGTON, 826 Ma- 
son St., Green Bay. Wis. 

WANTED.— Best offer for Ornithologist and 
Oologist for '87. '88, '89, '90. A complete file of 
Oologist dowTi to present, for lirst-class birds 
eggs in sets, or duplicate volumes of Ornitholo- 
gical magazines. I desire to obtain several vol- 
umes of the Auk. If you have any. send price., WALTER F. WEBB. Geneva, N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Sets and singles with data 
of 305 .VI, 31H 7-2, 3.S7 1-4 1-3, 444 1-3 3-4, 466a 1-3 1-4, 
467 1-3 1-4, 474b 1-4 1-3, 49.5 1.5-1, 498 1-4 1-3, ,501 1-3. 
511b 1-5 1-4 1-3, .529 1-4 1-3. 604 1-4 1-3. 610 2-3, 613 1-5 
1-4. 6.52 1-5 1-4, 704 1-4 1-3, 761 1-4 1-3, (A. O. U. 
Nos. ) for sets with data or a "Eiu-eka" shot- 
shell crimper (second hand) or a few lined 
trays. CARLETON BALL, Little Rock, Iowa. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Large collection of South 
Carolina Birds' Eggs, Indian and War Relics, 
Petrified Shells from Darlington; also Large 
collection of Stamps for Safety Bicycle. A. W. 
HOFFMAN, Darlington, S. C. 

I WANT GOOD TYPICAL selected nests of 
Solitary Vireo, Red-eyed Vireo, Mai-sh Wren. 
Wagtail. Wren, Golden-crested Wren, Blue 
Yellow-backed Warbler, Blvie-winged Yellow 
Warbler, Chipping Sparrow. Starling Oven- 
bird. Phoebe, Yellow Warbler, Indigo. Red- 
winged Blackbird and Blue-gi-a.y Gnatcatcher. 
FRANK H. LATTIN, Albion, N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— I have a number of Nat- 
ural History books, each containing 630 pages, 
with over 5l'0 illustrations, exchange price $2.00 
per co]iy. Wanted desirable eggs in sets: send 
lists. N. P. BRADT, Eagle Harbor, Orleans 
Co., N. Y. 

WANTED a pair of Screech Owls, {scajia asio) 
in good condition. State lowest price. P. 
DELAFQNTAINE. 121 Honore St., Chicago, 

EXCHANGE.— A. O. U. No.'sin sets. 51a H, 
106-1. 201 54. for sets from other localities. D. 
W. RAYMOND. Norwalk. Conn. 

800 CIGARETTE pictures. 4 albums, second 
class eggs of .357. 516 and others, to exchange 
foregtrs. Make offer. R. P. GILLESPIRE, 
Starkville. Miss. 

HAVE YOU NOTICED new list of common 
eggs wanted and desirable eggs offered in Lat- 
tin's "Exchange Extraordinarj'" in this Oolo- 

FINE Specimens of Opals 15 and 2.5c exchange 
for sets only. 25. 3.5c. Agates 1.5c exchange 2.5c. 
Both from Pacific, also sea-moss and shells for 
exchange. ED WALL, San Bernardino, Calif. 

FIRST-CLASS Singles. Ridgeway, 8.5, 186, 
19H, 202. 218. 241, 246, ,320. 4.55. 493. 520. 52.5. .513. 643. 
475, eH3, 729. 285, 39t). 290a, 193. 368, 256, 678. A. O. 
U.aSfla. and 6>ets640Vi, 585 1-1,494 Y^. 495 %, 541 
H. 409 \. KVI 14. 465 '4, 366 )i, 313 1-5. 61 Vi, for 
tlrst-class original sets. I have a hunting-case, 
stem-winding watch to exchange for best offer 
of sets. Send on your ll.sts. W. L. MORSE, 
No. 6 Onondaga Co. Savings Bank, Sjnracuse. 
N. Y. 

WANTED.— Arrow points and Bird.s' Eggs in 
sets a.nd singles. Have in exchange Fossil 
Shells. Fossil Coral, petrified Moss, fresh and 
salt-water Shells, .50 varieties of wood in three 
different forms. AH the above goods are ftr.-;t- 
class. I will send my goods first. I would also 
like to con-espond with collectors in Florida, 
and Texas. W. R. BIRD, Lock Box .507, Mason 
City, Iowa. 

TO EXCHANGE.— First-class singles and or- 
iginal sets with data, for like singles and sets. 
Send list and receive mine. Address, JOHN 
HAMMITT, College Hill. Ohio. 

TO EXCHANGE.— New Winchester audMar- 
lin Repeaters and Shattuch's guns. Want a 
double breech loader, a large telescope and a 
camera. CHAS. FOWLER, Princeto-wn, N. Y. 

WANTED.— First-class single eggs of hawks, 
owls, herons. g\ills. terus, shrlks. Will ex- 
change rare U. S. and Foreign stamps, air rifie 
and printing press. HARRY M. BLACKBURN. 
JR., 65 Charles St.. Toronto, Ont. 

TO EXCHANGE.— First-class sets with full 
data of 128. 1.55, 197, 283. 300, 375, 430, 431. 439, 494 
and cxammoner ones for other sets. L. N. ROS- 
SITER. Lake Forest. Ills. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Tame Red Tail Hawk. 
Howard Camera and Eggs. Sets and Singles, 
for best offers of Eggs or anything. Send lists 
and receive mine.' THOS. GADSDEN, 19iJ 
Whitaku St., Savannah, Ga. 

WANTED.— "Birds of Long Island" by Gi- 
rand, cash or exchange, new or second-hand. 
Address, stating price or conditions, F. E. BAX- 
TER, Babylon, L. I. 

EXCHANGE.— A six^lrawer. glass-covered, 
oak cabinet, for first-class eggs in sets. No 
postals. GUY A. MOORE, 1436 Wabash Ave., 
Chicago, Ills. 

FIRST-CLASS SINGLES of A. O. U. 75 1-1, 
79 1-1. 123b. 394, 337. 360, 373c. 378, 417. 431 m-1. 458. 
462, 464, 466, 476, 499, .5nib, 510, 519c, 530. .581d,5'-tlb, 
.596, 599. 614. 634. 637, 715. 7Slb. 743a, 7.58 and 76] a 
to exchange for first-class original sets. I also 
have sets to exchange. FRED A. SCHNEID- 
ER. College Park, Cala. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Pair Indian clubs. 70 to- 
bacco tags. Bruin or the Grand Bear Hunt, Gul- 
liver's Travels and Baron Minichansen for 
class eggs in singles, TOM FLOURNOY, Clin- 
ton, Iowa. 

TO EXCHANGE.- I have a general collection 
of fossils, minerals, etc.. to exchange for other 
fossils not in my collection. Write me what 
you have. C. S. HODGSON, Albion, Ills. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A pair of live fox squin-els 
for eggs, coins, Indian relics or Coues' Key. 
Cai'ds not answered. Send vour lists to F. E. 
SMOUSE, 704 19th St., Des Moines, la. 

TO EXCHANGE.— First-class eggs, including 
(Ridg. Nos.) .53, 77, 95, 408a, 433 for eggs, coins, 
books and curios. Send lists to ELMER G. 
BENNETT, Box 336, Guilford. Maine. 

WANTED.— A good printing press, self inker, 
chase not less than 6x8 inches, also curiosit- 
ies of any kind. Have fo*- exchange eggs, cur- 
iosities, etc. H. E. PENDRY, Eustis, Fla. 




TO EXCHANGE.— Fiue sfis of Frankliu's 
XinU. Least Bittern, Yellow Head aud Redwing 
Blackbird. Mounted birds Vo exchange I'oi- 
eggs or other offers. WHIT HARRISON, La 
Crescent, Minn. 

TO EXCHANGE.— First and second-class 
eggs for same and books on ornithology. Sec- 
ond-class eggs for anything. Letters contain- 
ing lists answered. F. B. WILLIAMS, 3aa Ce- 
■dar St., Ott.awa, Kansas. 

WANTED.— All collectors who have been de- 
frauded by dishonest collectors or dealers dur- 
ing '90 or '91 to communicate at once with J NO. 
V. CRONE, Marathon, Iowa. 

TO EXCHANGE.— First-class birds' eggs lor 
the same or books ou ornithology. Second- 
class eggs for anything. Letters containing 
li.><ts answered. F. B. WILLIAMS, St'a Cedar 
St.. Ottawa, Kansas. 

TO EXCHANGE.— First and second-class sin- 
gle eggs, a water blower and sets of Bl'k Cro^vu- 
ed Night Heron's eggs, for first-class eggs In 
set.s. JOHN WILLIAMS, Wenhani, Mass! 

WANTED.— A 30-in. safty bicycle and a No. 4 
kodak. Send for a list of the articles I will 
give for them. Please mention this paper. 
Address, H. A. HESS, P. C. C. & St. L. R. R. 
Union Station, Indianapolis, Indiana. 

I WANT to exchange my entire collection 
and duplicates of birds' eggs for a good bicycle 
in good condition. I have about 120 different 
species and most of them in sets with data, the 
whole amounting to over fiSS catalogue prices. 
H. J. ROGERS, Burnside, N. Y. 

WANTED.— Fancy and Homing Pigeons of 
all kinds and colors. Will give in exchange 
live Horn Frog, bird eggs in original sets with 
complete datas or will pay cash. Parties hav- 
ing or knoviing persons that have thorough- 
bred stock of the alcove pigeons will Itindly 
send their address to O. J. ZAHN, 427 S. Hope 
St., Los Angeles, Cala. 

■rare" localities, write. Specialty, nests and 
sets. Bird skins offered for eggs. References 
given and absolutely requii'ed. P. B. PEA- 
BODY, Owatouna, Minn. 

TO EXCHANGK.— A new model champion 
fjingle-barrel. breach loading shot gun. 12 bore, 
side snap, patent fore end fastenings, pistol 
grip stock, double bolt and rubber butt; for a 
Marlin or Wiiichestf^r repeating rifle 3H-caliber, 
or best offer in lirst-class bird skins. The g\m 
Is in perfect condition .ind shoots well. WM. 
F. SMITH, Wayne, Deleware Co., Peuna. 

LARGE NUMBERS of de.sirable single eggs, 
many varities, worth from .5 cts to *1.2.t each, to 
exchange for sets with data of any species 
worth not less than ,5 cts. per egg. I wish to 
hear from every single egg collector or any ex- 
changer who can use desirable singles. J. R. 
CRAIGUE. Minnewaukan, N. Dak. 

TO EXCHANGE.— I have a set of Mississippi 
Kite '/2 at $10 each and a set of Florida Red- 
shouldered Hawk at ?4 each to exchange for 
singles, only, by Lattin's 1891 list. E. K. COL- 
LETT, Austin, Texas. 

I HAVE Golden Eagle '4. with datum, to ex- 
change for a good double case Type Writer. 
Send description to J. W. P. SMITHWICK, 
Trinity College. Trinity, N. C. 

INDIAN AXES, Scrapers, Drills. Hammers, 
Knives, Sinkers. Crtts, Pestles, Arrowheads, 
and Oregon Points to exchange for flrst-class 
eggs in original sets with data. Wm . H. FISH- 
ER, 14 W. North Ave., Baltimore, Md. 

A Book of 500 Pages. 

On treatment and care of domestic aui- 
maLs,, cattle, .sheep, dogs, hogs 
and poultry, sent free. Address Hum- 
phreys' Veterinary Speciiics, Cor. Wil- 
liam and John streets, New York. 




§choo] of Penmanship and Short-Hci^di 


Over 1,800 students wei-e enrolled last year. Branch Colleges in Buffalo, N. Y., and Detroit, 
Mich. Scholarships good in any of the Caton chain of colleges. An employnient bureau in con- 
nection. Over 700 students i)laced in good positions din-iug the past yeai-. Commercial Law 
taught bv leading members of the bar: Penmansliip taught by the champion penman of the 
world; iJook-keeping taught by expert accountants and authors; Business Arithmetic taught 
by expert lightning calculators; Dt-t^ction of counterfeit money taught by expert Forgery De- 
tectives; Short-Hand taught bv Court lieporlers; Type-writing taught by one of the world's 
most r.ipid operators ; Mechanical and Architectural Drawing taught by High School Princi- 
pals and Cniverslty Graduates. 

Everything strictly flrst-class. Special low rates during summer months. Send for circu- 
lars, and address all communications to 


CAPITAL STOCK $100,000. M. J. CATON. President. 





IB. ISOl. 


I want at once the following flrst-class eggs, either in singles or in sets, in exchange at 1890 
4s o? if in sets, with data. I^v-ill allow 10 per cent, above these prices, m exchange for the 

art?cfes mentioned below. Eggs taken in large or small quantities. No exc;hange amounting to 
fess thl^llW can be "bothlred with" unless 10 cents additional is enclosed for return postaga 
Lnd packing It you have any of the rarer species to offer send lists. Species wanted. Ridg, 
way's Nos.: ^ ^^.j, j^g 2aia,311. 214. 317. 231, 243. 251, 254, 257, 377, 

listine at over $1.50 not included in wants. ,„„„ • 

We will accept any species not mentioned above at one-half 1890 pnces. 
In retui-n for tbe above, I will give any of the following articles, specunens or supplies at the 

price s quoted. 


No. 1, 8-100 Egg Drill - -08 

•' 3,12-100 •■ '• \t 

" 3,15-100 " '■ - -J-^ 

" 4, 18-100 " " - •!» 

" .5.21-100 " " - -30 

Nickel - plated Wt in. Embryo Hook rfu 

Oologist's Hand-book. 1885 J? 

Wanri.Vinnlj- nn Tiisect nollectiue la 


Hand-book on Insect Collecting. 

17 Back Numbers Oologist. 
OOLOGIST (no prem.) last 6 mo. of '91. 


for one year 1-00 


Card for one Ex. Notice in the Oologist. 
A few Incomplete Copies of Maynard's 
"Birds of Eastern North America." newly 
bound in boards and leather, (Publisher's 
cash price $18.00) 


Texan Cardinal ^ 

Dwarf Cowbird 25 

Limpkin. extra line. 2nd-class 1.00 

Noddy Tern, set of one, with data 75 

American Scoter 2..50 

Sennet's Thrasher (13a) 2o 

White--\\'inged Dove -40 

Mountain Plover 2.00 

Canvas-back '—00 

Burrowing Owl -30 

American Bitern 2.00 

Summer Tanager 25 

Mexican Ground Dove, (line 2ds) 1.00 

Lousiana Water-Thrush "•> 

Yellow-throated Vireo -10 

Florida Screech Owl 1-^^ 

California Screech Owl 1-9|J 

Costa's Hummingbird l-'^j 

Hummingbird Nests 50 

" on sticks l-OO 


Bul-bul. from Phillipines (fine 3d class) * ..50 

Black-headed Weaverfinch ^fine 2d-class)... .35 

European Blackbird. 15 

Sona- Thrush 15 

Ruddy Sheldrake, sets 7 to 10, per egg 60 

Singles 50 

Med. Black-headed Gull, sets '4 }^per egg.. .45 

'• Singles 35 

Barbary Partridge, sets 8 to 14 per egg .35 

Singles 25 

Python from Celoyn, large and curious 3.00 

Egyi^tian Vulture 5.00 

Also Snecimens, Shells and Novelties offered 
in Aug. Oologist, 


We ofTer from one to a dozen of each the fol- 
lowing articles in our Exchange Extraordinary 
offer this month. 

Ano Kato. Express .'..- 8 1-00 

Electric Top '. 7a 

Palmetto Sun Hats, either for Ladies or 
Gentlemen, are simply non-destructible, 
can be washed when dirty, made for us by 

a native on the Bahamas 1.00 

Matchless Repeating Air Rifle,65-8hot, Ex. 8.00 

Challenge Air Rifle, Express _ 4.00 

Plymouth " '• " O.OO 

Sporting Rifle, No. 3 on our Cat., used one 

season, express - 15.00 

$18.00 World Type-writer in Walnut plush- 
tinted case, not used over a dozen 

times, express 30.00 

Album giving photo views of the chief cit- 
ies of the world 35 

Suction Hat Hook - 10 

Combination Tool. Pincers, Nippers, Nut- 
cracker, Glass-cutter. Cork-screw, Screw- 
driver, etc., in one tool 40 

Set of 3 Blank Books in Case, Handy for 

taking Notes, etc 25 

Set of 60 Bird Cards 25 

Bliss Telephone, copper wire, etc., complete 1.50 

Excursionist Pocket Cook Stove 3.50 

Climax Folding " " " 1.35 

Multum in Parvo " '■ " 2.00 

Electric Door Bell with Outfit (Battery, 

etc.,) Express - 5.00 

School Ma'am's Call Bell .50 

Eel Spear, Seven-tined, Socket Handle 3.50 

"Express" signifies that they are shipped In 
that manner at your expense. 

If you desire to obtain anything on the above 
list in exchange, send on your eggs at once. If 
you have no eggs, but have other desirable 
specimens in quantity, write what you have, 
wth price : or will exchange for collections of 
tine Postage Stamps or second-hand Books on 
Natural History, or choice Indian Relics. 

Only flrst-class Specimens accepted at any 
price, all others returned at sender's expense. 

We ■will receive hundreds of packages in an- 
swer to this exchange and if you do not writ* 
your name plainly on the outside of the pack^ 
ages you send, your exchange will be delayed 
and packages possibly lost. 

This offer wall hold good until Oct. 15th only. 

Send on your specimens at once in lai'ge or 
small quantities, it makes no difference to us 
whether you send f 1.00 or *100.00 worth, but if 
less than $1.00 worth. 10 cents extra must be en- 
closed for return postage and packing. 

Large quantities shipped by express or 
freight, must be prepaid. Address, 


ALkBIOIi, K. Y. 



ALBION, N. Y., SEPT., 1891. 

No. 9 

The Blaok-and-White Creeping Warbler 

That seems like a long name, but it is 
really appropriate, for it is true to the 
structure and habit of the bird; and so 
the very name gives us a glimpse of 
that black-and-white warbler, which 
does not Hit from limb to limb and 
spray to spray in the bushes and tree- 
tops, but genuine Creeper-like threads 
the trunk and larger limbs. 

Eveiywhere in Western New York; in 
the region of the Great Lakes, in Ohio, 
and Nova Scotia, I have been accustom- 
ed to find this bird; and here in Mary- 
land and Virginia, around the Capital, 
this little species is common throughout 
the migrations and the breeding season. 
I have seen its nest here, within a few 
rods of my house, on the ground, after 
its usual custom. Sometimes, however, 
mistaking the top of an old rotten log, 
or even the decayed top of a stump 
when overgrown with rubbish, for the 
ground itself, it builds its nest of dried 
leaves, fibers of bark, etc.. even there. 
Dr. Brewer reports a nest hid away in 
the drain of a house. Commonly it 
keeps to the thick woods. 

Mniotilta varia, for that is his .scien- 
tific name, is not altogether a warbler 
in structure. His front toes are a little 
more joined together at the base, his 
hind • toe a little longer and his bill 
somewhat curved at the tip. Not only 
his creeping movements, but also his 
breeding habitat which is throughout 
Eastern North America, is decidedly 
like that of the Brown Creeper. 

The thin wiry, but pleasing song — 
Kitsce-Kilset-Kitsee-Kil.ste, is familiar to 
every one who knows this specic^s; but 
comparatively few have hoard his beau- 
tiful warble, now and then delivered iu 
the dense shrubbry of the forest. The 
former song is thrown in by the way as 

he climbs the trees, but this latter is de- 
livei-ed iu true artist's style, the bird 
being regularly perched, and his head 
thrown up. 

To-day being Sunday, a day of rest, I 
sat me down in the fork of two roads in 
the woods — roads not used for several 
years and so quiet relapsed into a state 
of nature— there I waited, still as the 
trees around, to hear what the Inrds 
would say to me. Presently I heard a 
soft, sweet, whistling warble which I 
did not readily recognize. I soon spied 
the Black-and-white Creeping Warbler, 
only a few feet from me; and saw as 
well as heard him render his song. 
Nothing of the creeper about his move- 
ments now. He perches regularly, and 
flits from limb to limb, in true warbler 
style. Thus in habit as well as in struc- 
ture, he is in part at least, a warbler. 

Very interesting is this doul)le affini- 
ty of some species, standing apparently 
between two different families, and so 
shading and softening the lines which 
separate families and ortlers. 

If any reader of the Oologist, in 
Eastern North America, lives and stud- 
ies where this bird is not found, will he 
be so kind as to report, and so let us 
know if there is any blank in his com- 
monly accepted habitat. 

J. H. Langille, 
Kensington, Md. 

Aug. 2, 1891. 

An Indiana Heronry. 

The Philadelphia Press claims that 
Dr. W. E. Hughes, the well known, or- 
nithologist, has discovered "the largest 
heronry existing within the knowledge 
of any scientist, in Valley Hills, Chester 
Co., Penn." I think 1 have "discover- 
ed" a greater "find" iu Indiana. 

On the 18th of July with two friends 
I boarded a train at Chicago to spend a 



day in the country. Our friends await- 
ed our arrival at the depot, and we 
were soon on our way to the farm, 
where we Avere to spend the following 
day. I had before heard of a large 
number of ''strange" birds having been 
seen in the vicinity and the next morn- 
ing proceeded to investigate and tind 
out what kind of birds they were, as 
none wei'e sure as to the identification. 

Driving two miles through the fields 
we left the horses and went about one 
mile further on foot through grass, wild 
rice, etc., as high as our heads. 

There was little air stirring, and the 
sun beat down upon us unmercifully, 
making the atmosphere about us nearly 
as warm as a furnace, giving us Avho 
were bird's nesting on Sundaj% a fore- 
taste of our future existence. 

We were some time wandeiing about 
. in the marsh, which is of vast extent, in 
quest of the birds and had found no ap- 
pearance of their late visitations, when 
one of the party called "doAvn" and 
pointing to the northward said, "there 
is one of the birds now." 

We remained hidden in the grass un- 
til the bird had alighted, then wended 
our way toward the spot, and were 
compensated for our toil and persever- 
enee, (and it was required on this oc- 
casion to travel far,) by seeing, not one, 
but hundreds of Black-crowned Night 
Herons rise out of the grass, lazily fly 
a short distance and descend again. 

There were acres of ground covered, 
more or less, with the deposit of the 
i)irds, and the long grass was literally 
tramped down in places whei'e they 
had roosted. 

The grass Ijeiug so high, it was difli- 
\'ult to ascertain how many nests were 
there, but a party who visited the 
breeding place in the spring declares 
that at least tliere yvere eight hundi-ed 
(800) nests, and from my own observa- 
tions I have no dou))t that he docs not 
exaggerate in the least. 

He states tliat the nests were at that 

time surrounded by water but built up 
about fourteen to sixteen inches above 
it. At the time I visited the heronry 
the ground was dry. 

Having secured several birds, mostly 
young, the old ones being minus the oc- 
cipital plumes, Ave took our way home- 
Avard feeling fully repaid for our exer- 

I hope next spring to visit the heron- 
ry and secure some eggs which I Avas 
too late for this season. Should I haA'e 
the success I anticipate, Avill giA'e, if de- 
sired, a further account of my observa- 

Very respectfully, 

Robert C. Bennett. 

The Cuckoo in South Dakota. 

For the past three years I have been 
collecting eggs in the Aicinity of Aber- 
deen, and have never found a Cuckoo's 
egg imtil this last spring. 

While looking for a set of Mourn- 
ing Dove's eggs on the yth of 
June, I passed through a thick clump 
of box-elder trees in a timber claim one 
mile from the city, and happened to 
look up just in time to see a Black- bill- 
ed Cuckoo leaving her nest. I exam- 
ined the nest, Avhich Avas about six 'feet 
from the ground, and found tAvo fresh 

I revisited the place four days later, 
and found a line set of four eggs, and 
secured the bird also. I have the eggs 
in my collection now. They are of a 
deep greenish blue in color, and nearly 
elliptical in shape. 

Since then I have found six sets of 
the black-billed and four of the yelloAV 

Meklin C. Johnson, 
Aberdeen, S. Dak. 

The English Sparrow in Bay City, Mioh- 

In the first place, there were millions 
of them. Every street Avas croAvded 



with theru, and you could nearly pick 
them up. Around the tiour mills and 
wholesale houses, there were vast num- 
bers of them, that came to get the 
wheat and oats. 

The place where the most of them 
stayed was in the M. C. R. R. freight 
depot, where swarms of them stayed 
there the year around, building their 
nests inside on the rafters and scant- 

They increased very rapidly as no one 
molested them. 

Most every large poplar and elm 
tree, in town had from one to half a 
dozen nests in. In one nest myself and 
a friend found thirteen egggs (probably 
two or three pair in the nest.) 

And also the gutter pipes of private 
houses made a place for many nests. 

If you would put up a bird house for 
.swallows, these little pests would soon 
drive them away. 

M3' In-other put up a house and in 
an half hour it was occupied by a pair. 
I shot the female and at noon the male 
came around with another wife which I 
also shot, and I kept on until I had re- 
lieved him of four wives. This did not 
disappoint him, and he soon had an- 
other which we allowed to stay, and 
they furnished a nest and laid five eggs, 
which my brother has with the nest in 
his collection. This sounds like a mam- 
oth "fish story," but it can be proven. 

One day mj' friend and I started out 
to rampage them. We went to an old 
vacant house and went on top and pull- 
ed off a piece of cornice and we could 
hear the young ones .squealing "by the 
wholesale." We got lots of eggs and 
killed many old and young ones. 

There is a law in that state allowing 
three cents a head for them and great 
numbers were killed every day. Dur- 
ing the Hrst two weeks over 800 were 
slaughtered, 200 of which were killed 
by one boy. 

Farmers' boys loaded their shotguns 
with number ten shot and shot them in 

Hocks around their barns and straw 
stacks. One boy killed seventeen with 
one shot with a number ten gun. My 
friend and myself did our share too. 

Now they are very shy and hard to 
approach, and less numbers are killed. 

From December 1st to the middle of 
last May over 900 certificates were issu- 
ed to sparrow killers, all of them for 
ten or over and many of them for over 
a hundred. 

It is a common occurrence to find 
their nests in electric light lamps. 
Wallace L. Briscoe, 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Michigan Notes- 

I send you a few extracts from my 
'01 notes which might pi'ove interesting 
to some of the readers of the Oologist. 
I have collected this year and have in 
mj' collection 33 different sets of eggs. 
For a starter the American Redstart is 
not a very common summer resident of 
Baj' City and there are very few ever 
seen around the trees. One afternoon, 
on the 3rd of June, as I was walking in 
a small wood looking for Vireos nests I 
happened to notice a small nest about 
three feet from the ground, situated in 
between a limb and the trunk of a thorn 
tree. It was composed of small fibres 
and cotton and lined with and 
feathers and quite deeply cuped. T 
shot the female and took it to Mr. New- 
ell Eddy, who identifies all our speci- 
mens for us, and he told me it was an 
American Red.starts nest. Oh! but I was 
very glad when he told me what it was 
iiecause I have made the 07ily record of 
finding a set of three American Red- 
starts in Bay City or vicinity. In Dav- 
ie's "Nest and Eggs of North America 
Birds"- it says as regards to tiie number 
of eggs laid by the American Gold-finch 
"some writers state that the eggs range 
from three to live, but I can .say differ- 
ent because all of my sets— and I have 
collected live of them— are live and one 



set of six, on July 31 I took the latter 
set. [They range from five to seven 
with ns — Ed.] 

Another set which I have is a set of 
four Spotted Sandpipers which I took 
the 6th of June ajong side of a very 
much used rail-road track, among the 
long grass. 

Black-billed Cuckoos ai'e quite com- 
mon but awfully hard to find fresh eggs. 
I have a set of two blown and took a 
set of three but could blow but one of 
them. Wilson's Thrush's are quite 
common too, a set of four with two 
cow-birds in it was what I found on the 
ground under a gooseberry bush and 
have found other sets of them. Blue 
Jays are not very common, but I have 
found one or two sets of them. Mostly 
all incubated quite badly and in pine 
trees ten feet from ground. The Sora 
and Virginia Rails are very common. 
I have taken sets when I did not know 
much about collecting by the hatsfull, 
and then not taken all of them. The 
largest set which I ever took was a set 
of 12 and the smallest was eight of Vir- 
ginias. The largest set of Soras was 
12 and the smallest seven. Seven sets 
of Virginia's and two sets of Sora's is 
all I have collected this year. The 
nests are composed of reeds of last year 
and built up in between this year's 
reeds. The bird will fly up and fly for 
a short distance with dangling legs and 
drop as if dead. They generally have 
a covering for their nests and slip out 
sideways to get off it. 

Swamp Sparrows, Phoebes, Long- 
tailed Marsh Wrens, Bronzed Grackle, 
Brown Thrashei's, Cedar Waxwings, 
Baltimore Orioles, Blue-birds, Wood 
Pewee, King-bird, Purple Martins, 
Woodpeckers, Meadow Larks, Least 
Fly-catchers, Tree Swallows, Shrikes, 
Field Sparrows and House Wrens 
are all very common. 

Next year I will get some Gallinules 
because I have found a place where 
they breed every year and have not 

been disturbed at all. Red-tailed and 
Red- shouldered and Cooper Hawks are 
quite common. Have found two nests 
of Screech Owls, but never got any eggs 
out of them, because I caught the bird 
on the nest and took her home and let 
her go. 

E. K. "Gallinule." 

Gambel's White-Crowned Sparrow. 

[Zonotrichia gavibeli.) 

This l)ird like a large number of the 
Sparrow family, frequents brushpiles 
and low bushes, where it may be seen, 
accompanied with the White and Gold- 
en-crowned Sparrow, the Rusty Song 
Sparrow and Oregon Towhee, hopping 
from one branch to another or perhaps 
on the ground looking for insects, occas- 
ionally climbing to the top of some tree 
to sing its song which although short 
is pleasing to the ear, and can always 
be remembered by those who are inter- 
ested in our feathered friends. 

They arrive the latter part of March 
or first week in April and remain until 
most of the summer migi'ants have re- 
turned to their southern homes. Nest- 
ing season with the species begins about 
the fifteenth of April and fresh eggs can 
be found as late as the last of June. 

This season I have taken four sets of 
four eggs i"espectively, which are of 
considei'able value as a series, to show 
the variation in color and markings. 

My first set of the season was taken 
May 19th, the nest was in a cypress 
trees feet and 8 inches from the ground 
composed of weed and grass stems and 
lined with finer grass and horse hair. 
This set comes nearer than any of being 
a typical set. The ground color is pale 
greenish-blue,' evenly spotted over the 
whole surface with liver brown. 

Set number two was taken on the 24, 
of May. It was on the ground under a 
small bush. The female was on the 
nest and flew as I neared it. This set 



Resembles the first in a general way, but 
the spots vary in size more, showing 
the ground color more plainly. The 
nest is not so bulky when found on the 
ground as in trees. 

The next set was also placed on the 
gi'ound under a small fir and so well 
t^oncealed that I had to look some few 
minutes before discovering it. The fe- 
male, as in the second case flew as I 
passed near the nest. This set is the 
most peculiarly marked one of the 
small series. Egg number one is light 
gi'eenish-bhie, heavily blotched near 
the larger end with uml)er and purplish 
brown, numljer two is of the same 
ground color but has only a few faint 
markings of lavender-gray, number 
three and four are smaller in size and 
the color it light blue. These two spec- 
imens much resemble eggs of Sialia 
sialis, but if closely observed, fine 
brown specks can be seen. 

My fourth and last set was taken 
June 19th, from a willow bush, two 
feet from the ground. I flushed the 
female and discovered the nest which 
Was composed of dead leaves and grass 
and lined with finer grass and horse 
hair. The eggs are bluish-white, finely 
covered with brown speck>, which foi'm 
a wreath at the larger ends of three 
of them, the fourth being so thickly 
spotted as to almost hide the grounil 
color at the larger enc. 

Later on, the first pair built again in 
a small fir near their first nest, but 
for some reason or other they left the 
nest. Gambol's Sparrow is one of the 
.several species that sing at night. I 
have often heard it sing at eleven and 
twelve o'clock at night. The cause for 
its singing at this hour is not known, 
but it is thought that the Ijird is awak- 
"ened by some passer by, or could it l»e 
that it was singing in its sleepV 

Clyde L. Keller. 
Salem, Oregon. 

A Rambling Mixture from Conneotiout. 

I see so much in the Oologist about 
what to do to drill eggs quickly, blow 
them and about nesting; also on the 
merits of i)oison ivy and sliumach.wheu 
you get poisoned, leads me to think that 
I might try to add .some more expel** 
ience, advice, etc. 

1st. If you are poisoned and are not 
very fond of salt in food, that is not 
want it all salt;^3'ou will put some salt 
upon the blisters and put enough hot 
water on to moisten it, and then rul) it 
in; you take hot water too; try this sev- 
eral times a day, and itjmay make a de- 
cided change in your case, as it did on 
mine which proved successful. 

2d. When you have touched or pres. 
sed Poison Ivy, wash your hands or face 
immediately and if water is scarce spit 
on "em" and wipe it off on some soft 
vegetable, such as leaves or moss, and 
if your skin is more sensitive than'mine 
there is not any hope left. 

3d. When in a swamp or near one, 
look oiit for Poison Shumach, and if you 
ai"e touched with anything or touch any 
bush that gives you a peculiar twinge, 
look and see if its this "P. Shu" and if 
it is, well you want to wash the hands 
or face quickly, and don't mind about 
rubbing the moisture oft', as you may 
accidentally scratch your face which 
would be serious in a .second collison. 

I have been very easily poisoned j'cars 
back, but after experimenting with 
sugar of lead, etc., I invented these rul- 
es and have not been laid up for three 

I was going tlirough a niud-liole in 
search of nests, wh»'n I slii)ped oil a log 
and landed in the mud up to my waist 
which was not comfortable when you 
know the mud is over seven sect deep; 
well I grabbed hold of the first tree in 
reach and I felt qu(!(!r stinging in my 
fingers and I looked and it wasaPoi-son 

Well. Providence sent a tlionght into 



my head to get off that chimp of trees I 
as quick as possible and wash my hands j 
and I did; in my jump foi* the brook I 
found my tirst Marjiand Yellow-throat's 
nest with eggs in it and I washed my 
hands and did 'not get poisoned, or since 
that time, and the eggs were new to my 
collection at that date. 

In Maj', this j'ear, I found a Cooper's 
Hawk's nest in a tree and did not pay 
special attention to the tree until it was 
time to climb up. 

Well, I went over into the swamp and 
scared off the hawk and then! Well, I 
looked at that tree and decided for a 
good while whether to blow the nest up 
(n- hii'e some body to climb it for me, 
Init as it was only twenty feet up, I 
mustered up grit and climbed up, ami 
was rewarded with a set of five eggs. 

Then I climbed down, set the eggs 
down and washed my hands, wrists and 
face pretty thoroughly in a puddle of 
water in the swamp, and then I picked 
up my climbers, eggs and walked out, 
when I had got out of sight, I heard the 
female hawk say (over at the nest) that 
she thought I was a hard case, a fellow 
that will climb a poison shumach tree 
and run the risks of getting poisoned 
ought to die, she ended this with an an- 
gry cry and came over and got some 
chickens at one of our neighbor's. 

And I escaped being poisoned to 
death after having climbed such a poi- 
sonous tree, and touching my face 
against the branches and the little 
sprouts on the way up, and breaking 
limbs that came in my way. 

Henslow's Sparrow. 
This sparrow is a summer resident, al- 
though have not heard much of in pa- 
pers, still some may have a pair within 
Ihe limits of their farm and not know it. 
In May j'ou may hear a see-wick, with 
first word con.'jiderably dwelt on, and 
you can hear it all day, and far into the 
night coming from some i)asture, with 
swamps and diy uplands in streaks, 
and perhaps if you listen long enough 

to tell the exact place, and walking ta 
it a sparrow starts up and flying ner^ 
vously drops again about a rod off and 
you can scare it up two and more times, 
without any other result unless you are. 
very lucky and tind their eggs and nest. 
The birds stay for the most the time on 
the ground in a growth of spare or thick 
short grass, and will not go off' a large 
lot except when they migrate. 

Last year two pairs of these birds; 
bred here, and they both raised twa 
broods of 4 — 5, one or the number ac- 
cording too the choice of Mrs. H. Spar-, 
row. I was not successful enough to 
obtain the eggs, but had the pleasure of; 
seeing the nest, and the old birds teach-, 
ing the young to fly. 

The nests in both cases were placed 
in meadows of swamps and with dry- 
places also, and had a thin hay crop on 

In 1891 one of the old birds was seen 
again, and it was feeding and uttering 
the note see-tvick quite frequent!}', and 
just now though I have failed to hear it 
or see the bird, for a day or more, but I 
hope to be able to get a set if possible 
and get better acquainted, if it wiU 
breed again this year at the same place 
and grounds^ 


. Northford, Connecticut. 

Unusual Occurrences. 

I have three rare flnds which I hav» 
taken this season. 

On May 10th, Song Sparrow Avith five 
Cowbird's eggs and four of the owner; 
the nest was just about full. 

May 25th, Ovenbird with seven Cow-, 
bird's eggs and one of owner; one egg 
was the only one laj'cd bj^ Ovenbird. 

May 17th, Chickadee 1-6 and Bluebird 
1-3 in same cavity; the Chickadee's nest 
was built on top of the other and yoiv 
may imagine mj' surj^rise when I took 
the nests out. 

Ernest Marceau, 
Dubuque, lowa^ 




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W. H. LaPrade of New Orleans, La., 

"I learn from strictly reliable parties 
that an All>ino Bine Jay was killed in 
Wilkes Co., Ga. There were some 
small, faint grey spots on eaeh wing, 
but at a small tlistanee it looked pure 

W. S. Catlin of Annapolis, Ind., 
writes of taking a set of two fresh 
Ruby-throatt'd Hummers on Aug. 7th — 
undoubtedly a seeoiid set. He also 
writes of taking eggs of the Turkey 
Vulture from the same nest, both this 
and last season. 

R. J. Joslin of Weljster, Mass., writ- 

'■On the 80th of last May, I found, at 
the top of a high maple tree, a Balti- 
more Oriole's nest, in whieh was a set 

of eggs, one of whieh is most curiously 

Ui)on it is seen the small and almost 
))erfi'ct image of a l)ird, whieh appears 
to l.-e upon a branch." 

We once took an eg" of this species 
which had "Sin" in plain, bold mark- 
ings, scrolled, upon the larger end. 

Geo. G. Morrison, Fox Lake, Wis., 

•I have tried to keep the English 
Si)an-ows busy for the past few mouths 
laying eggs. 

Ha\(' \isited a locality here everv 
two weeks regidarly since May 22(1. 
for their eggs, and always found them 
very plentiful. 

I got 64 May 22d, 90 on June 4th, GO 
the next timei 78 the next and so on up 
to date. If all the collectors would do 
this, their numbers could l)e held down 
much better. Collectors let us rid our- 
selves and all the feathered family of 
this -Bull-dog,' the English Sparrow." 

A Few Notes on Ornithology and Ornitholo- 

In the migrating seasons the ornitho- 
logists which live in the Middle and 
Southern States have much more work 
than those who live in the north, as 
they have to study all the movements 
of the resident and summer resident 
birds, and from the last of August to 
the first of December, they must keej) a 
careful lookout for .strange birds, from 
the northern tier of states and Canada, 
that they do not unnoted. And in 
the spring the number of migrants is, 
of course, equally great. Yet the diffi- 
culty of the study is not so much great- 
er in th(! south as might, at first, be su))- 

I believe, as a general rule, the resi- 
dent and summer resident species, of 
this section, are not very dillicult to 
study. The Yellow, Kentucky, Hood- 
ed, Parula and Worm-eating VVarl)lcrs. 
and the American Redstart, Maryland 
Yellow-throat, Yellow-breasted Chat, 
Golden-crowned Thrush and Louisiana 
Water Thrush are the commonest re 



presentatives of the Warbler family, in 
the south Atlantic States. 

These are the easiest members of this 
family to study, as the variations, in 
plumage are slighter than in those 
Vhich pass farther north. Of course, 
We cannot judge of the character of the 
bird life of a region by one family but 
in many places we can fairly estimate 
by the Warbler family, as it is so large 
and difficult, indeed, in some places, it 
forms no small proportion of the bird- 
life judging either, from the number of 
individuals or species. 

More than one-fourth of the migrat- 
ing birds which were noted, last spring, 
by me, were wai'blers. 

There is plenty of time in the breed- 
ing season to study the resident and 
summer resident birds; then, in migra- 
tion time we can study the habits and 
plumage of the transient visitants and 
winter residents. A few hints may help 
some one who is just beginning the 
study of migrating liirds in the South- 
ei-n States. A young ornithologist is 
apt to find some species which 
so nearly resemble each other in color, 
nesting or song, that he has to spend 
many days in tinding some characteris- 
tic, by which he may distinguish one 
kind from another. Many species, in 
some form of plumage, approach, so 
nearly in color, that the task of identi- 
fication seems almost hopeless. 

Nearly related species are apt to be 
most puzzling, as their habits and fami- 
Ij' or generic characteristics are almost 
the same. 

This fact maj' be noticed in the fall 
plumage of the Bay-breasted and Black- 
poll Warblers. 

Their habits, size and shape are, al- 
most, exactly the same, but there is a 
shade of difference in coloration \yhich 
is generally perceptible. 

The Black-poll has a greenish tinge 
on its breast while the Bay-breasted re- 
tains, in a slight degree, the beautiful 
color which covers its breast in the 

breeding and spring migrating seasons. 
They come about the same time, in 
large flocks, from the north, and seem 
verj' fond of keeping together, thus 
making the slight contrast, in color, 
show luore plainly. At a little distance 
or when on the wing the very dull green 
and bay do not show enough to distin« 
guish between the two birds. This 
same resemblance may, sometimes, be 
noticed in birds that belong to widely 
different families, as the Fox SpaiTOW 
and some of the Thrushes. 

The Sylvicolidae abounds, through- 
out with species which are easily distin- 
guished in the spring, but in the fall 
they come south bringing their young 
ones with them they have changed their 
feathers to dull and sober colors, as if 
dressing in mourning, on account of 
eggs wantonly stolen and manj' other 
home tragedies. 

Olive seems to prevail in fall, with, 
now and then, a spot or stripe of yellow 
or red which seems to have been kept 
in memory of the days and flowers and 
trees of April, May and June. This 
general sameness of color makes the 
study of birds very difficult, but when 
the slight differences, which alwaj'S ex- 
ist are discovei'ed the trouble of identi- 
fication add much to the pleasure of 
the knowledge obtained. 

Earle a. Brooks, 
French Creek, W. Va. 

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird. 

This l)eautiful little bird is quite a 
common resident with us, and is prob- 
a])ly too well known to require a des- 
cription hei'e. 

There are very few pei'sons within its 
range who are not familiar with its 
graceful form and brilliant plumage, 
l3Ut many have not had the oppm-tunity 
of seeing the nest and eggs, which are 
no less wonderful than the birds them- 

The birds arrive here early in May, 



aud spend the pfivater part of that 
month in the sunshine and 
searching for food among the flowers of 
our fields and gardens, in some instan- 
ces even entering houses through open 
Nvindows to search among tlie flowers 
of house plants. 

They are very familiar with man and 
do not seem to regard him as a dangei'- 
ous enemy, although they frequently 
liave occasion to do so. 

They begin nesting about the 1st of 
June, and fresh eggs may be found by 
the 10th. 

They nest in orchards, shade trees 
and woods. 

When in the latter trees that stand 
along the borders of openings and road- 
ways are usually, though not always, 

The nest is built upon a crotch near 
the extremity of a drooping branch, 
from eight to forty feet from the 

It is a felted cup-shaped structure, 
composed of plant down and the nests 
of insects, covered externally with lich- 
ens bound on with cobwebs. 

In beauty and workmanship the nest 
of the Ruby-throated Hummingbird is 
surpassed by that of no other bird found 
in this locality. 

It is so soft and pliable that it may be 
crushed between the fingers and then 
restored to its original shape. 

We can readily comprehend the ne- 
cessity of this quality of the nest when 
we rememl)er that it is the cradle of as 
frail a creature as a young Humming- 

The lichens are usually fastened with 
their scalloped edges upward. 

The cavity measures about .90 in 
diameter by .75 in depth. 

The nest is diflicult to see, appearing 
as a moss covered kuot upon the branch 
when viewed from below, but the habit 
the bird has of leaving the nest at the 
approach of an intruder, and the i)ecu- 
liur humming of her wings as she hov- 

ers around it lead to its easy discovery. 

All a person has to do when he hears 
the buzz of the bird's wings is to locate 
her, then remain motionless a few sec- 
onds and he will see her settle upon the 

The eggs are elliptical-oval, two in 
number, pure white aud measure about 
.50 by from .30 to .35. 

They are deposited l)efore the nest is 

Soon after incubation has commenced 
the male bird leaves his little mate to 
fight the battle of life alone, which she 
does in a manner to be despised by 

This bird has not the power of song, 
but utters a few rather feeble squeaky 

It makes its music with its wings. 
W. H. Olney, 
Poland, Ohio. 

Of Interest to Oologists- 

In June, 1890, I had the rare luck to 
find a set of Albino eggs of the Blue- 
bird which were most perfect in shape, 
color and size, the set averaging .75 x 
.62. The nest was built in an old wil- 
low stub which was in height nearly 
five feet, leaning out over the river at 
angle of about forty-live degrees. 

One day in June, 1889, while in a 
thick, secluded mountainous piece of 
woods, I observed a Brown Thrasher 
sitting on her nest and on going to it 
she flew otf, but imagine my surprise 
when on looking into the nest to see 
two Catbirds and two Cowbird's eggs, 
but no sign of the Thrasher's eggs. At 
first I thought perhaps some one had 
played a trick on the Thrashers, but 
then again I thought that it could not 
be for it was a lonely secluded spot 
hardly ever visited by anyone. Incu- 
bation was aljout seven days advan- 

Some years ago (in 1HS6) a pair of 
Chipping Si)arrovvs l)uilt a nest in one 



of our apple ti-ees and had laid three 
eggs, as I found on taking a peek at 
them one day, but what was my sur- 
prise to see a fourth and larger egg 
With the rest, the color of which was 
white. The egg in size was about the 
same as a black-billed Cuckoo and I 
have always thought that it was an Al- 
bino egg of this bird. 

[More likely of the Cowbird. — Ed] 
H. Miller, 
West Chester Co,, N. Y. 

How I Found a Killdeer's Nest- 

Killdeers are very numerous in this 
neighborhood, although, I only found 
one nest last season. I was out collect- 
ing one day when I came across a pair 
of Killdeers they seemed to be very 
miich frightened about something. I 
thought they must have a nest near, so 
began to hunt for it, but after looking 
for a long time I gave it up as a bad 
job. I came back the next day but met 
with no better success. At last I 
thought I woidd play a trick on them. 
There was a stone fence near by, so I 
turned as if starting for home when I 
had gotten to the fence I got over it, 
but instead of going home I stooped 
down and looked through a hole in the 
fence. The Killdeers still ran about 
screaming just the same way that they 
had done when I was right by them. 
After a while they quieted down and 
then went to a rock that had a hollow 
in the top and one sat down in the sand 
on top the rock, while the other stood 
up on the highest part of the rock as if 
Watching. I then got back over the 
fence. As soon as the Killdeer that 
Was sitting on the nest saw me she slid 
off and ran around the rock and came 
around on the other side and sat down 
in the sand as if slie had her nest there, 
when I came around she jumped up 
making a great deal of noise, but I 
knew she was trying to fool me so I 
went straight to the top of the rock 

there I found four eggs in a hollow iu 
the sand about an inch deep. The nest 
had no lining and was situated on a, 
steep rocky hill over-lookigg a stream 
of water. 

J. T. Bur WELL, 
Millwood, Va- 

Range of the Towhee- 
By F. T. Pember. 

Granville, Wash. Co., N. Y. 

In the July, '91 Oologist is an artiv 
cle entitled, "The Chewink iu Orleans 
Co." The writer refers to two nests of 
that species found in the county, and 
evidentlj' considers the bird rare, and 
that the extreme noi'thern limit of its 
migration is reached in that section. 
Now I have nothing to say against Mr. 
Posson's well written article, but feel 
sure that the Chewink, in some localit* 
ies, has a more northerly range. 

I have collected eggs and skins for 
many years here, and about Lake 
George, and the southern half of Lake 
Chamjjlain, in this state, and to the 
base of the Green Mountains in same 
latitude, in western Vermont, and have 
found the Towhee a very common bird, 
if the surroundings were such as they 
prefer. It is not a "Swamp Robin,'* 
and I never found it in swamps, or in 
the low valleys, but it is most abundant 
on high hills or low mountains, partic- 
ularly where the timber was cut off ten 
to fifteen j'ears ago, and where a new 
growth of maple, beech, birch, poplar 
and cherry has sprung up. The bord- 
ers of such places if well covered with 
briars and vines are the chosen home 
of the Towhee, and I can shoot a dozen 
any day within a mile of this village. 
I take tine sets of eggs every season if 
here at the proper time. 

This bird is ver}' abundant about 
Lake George, and bj' this I mean that I 
could shoot a dozen on a morning 
tramp. Now the localities where I 
have found them plentiful are from tlf. 



ly to one humlred miles north of Or- 
leans County, and for all I know tliey 
Inay range much farther north. In the 
A. O. U. 1886 catalogue they give it as 
' 'Eastern U. S. and southern Canada, 
\vest to the Plains." In Coues' Key he 
says "Eastern U. S. and British Prov- 
inces, N. to Canada, Minn, and Dako- 

Samuel in his Birds of New England 
says that 'it begin.s to grow scarce in 
northern; and, before we have 
pas.sed twenty miles beyond its north- 
ern limits, it is very rarely seen." But 
Samuels' is wi'ong for the birds are by 
no means scai'ce one hundred miles 
north of Mass. In Gentrj''s superb 
work, "Nests and Eggs of Birds of the 
tJnited States," he speaks of the Tow- 
hee as reaching the Selkirk Settlement 
on the north-west, and quotes Wilson 
as giving it as a bird of Maine and New 
Hampshire. In the Natural History of 
New York by De Kay, 1843, he says, 'it 
extends its migration north to Labra- 
dor." In North Amei'ican Birds, by 
Baird, Brewer and Ritlgway, they give 
it as reaching the Selkirk Settlement on 
the north-west, and quote Verrill, as 
giving it as a summer resident and 
lireeder in western Maine. 

Perhaps some of our collectors fur- 
ther north can give us more light on 
the sul)ject. Will add that in California 
and Ai-izona I have taken many Oregon, 
SfHirred, Brown, Aberts and (Jreen- 
tailed Towhees along river Vjottomsand 
among willow thicket.'^ — ))laces ncner 
frequented i»y our own l)ird in this sec' 

Owls as Pets. 

In the spring of '8!» I cauglit two 
^voung white owls, those I kept until 
fall; it was amusing to watch their an- 
tics; they wouhl eat young ))irds or 
mice whenever I could catch them. 

Once when an enterjjrising 't 

starteil to burrow tlirough their cage 
Ihev had an e.xtra ilisli. 

One of our neighbors had tliree mal* 
tese kitten.s — tliey were the prize of the 
neighborhood, but one of tliem came 
too near the slats and one of the owls 
caught him and pulled him through; 
that ended the kitten experience. 

After living in captivity four months 
one of the owls died; as the other seem- 
ed lonely I stuffed him. 

This spring I caught another of the 
same kind; he is about ten inches high 
and is in a healthy condition; he will 
eat all I give him and yet seems to be 
always hungry. 

Every moi'ning he takes his l)ath and 
then rolls in the dust of his cage; his 
favorite food is young rabbits which the 
boys around town bring in to see him 
eat; his cry is a hissing noise Avhich he 
utters with his mouth at full stretch, 
but when he is mad he utters a sound 
like the snapping of lingers or cluck- 

He sometimes hops around in his 
cage in a dancing motion, whether he 
does this for exercise or to scratch up 
the dust to roll in I do not know. 

Though owls may seem very tame I 
would advise one never to trust them, 
for in my ex])erience they like nothing 
better than to tear one's hand open. 
V. B. Allee, 
Paola, Kan. 

Michigan Notes- 

May 10th — Took a .set of live Chicka- 
dee's eggs from a nest situated in a hol- 
low i)ost. The eggs were fresh. This 
is the first nest of this bird that I ever 
found around here. 

May 24th— Yellow-billed Cuckoo, set 
of three fresh eggs, nest in an ironwood 
tree about twenty feet up, also took two 
sets three and four Brown Thrashers, 
three Wood Thrushes, four Wilson's 
Thrushes and three 01ive-l)acked 

May 25th— While egging in aswaini)y 
))iece of land near Detroit I found a 



of the Am. Woodcock containing four 
slightlj" iucnbafed eggs. The nest was 
placed at the foot of a small l)ush, and 
Was composed of dried weeds and gras- 
ses. I also found several nests with 

June 5th — Scarlet Tanager, took a set 
of four incubated eggs from a nest situ- 
ated in a hemlock. This bird is more 
abundant than usual this season, ex- 
cepting '88. 

June 10th — I went collecting in the 
marshes to-day, and found three sets of 
Black Terns, one set of Red-winged 
Blackbirds, set of eight Horned 
Grebes, and six or seven sets of Florida 
Gallinules, and many Long-billed Marsh 
Wren's eggs. Some of the latter were 
pure white. I found one set of six 
nearly perfectly white, and several 
speckled with light brown. 

June 12th — While collecting in the 
same place as on the 10th, I found a set 
of two Least Bittei'n eggs. The nest 
Was a platform of dried weeds. 

June 10th — I took many sets of Black 
Terns, Coots and Gallinule's eggs here. 
Horned Grebes were here in consider- 
able numbers, and I collected about 
twenty eggs and about the same num- 
ber of Pied-billed Grebes. I think the 
American Bittern breeds hei'e, but I 
cannot locate the nest. 

B. Swales, 
Detroit, Mich. 

A Nest Within a Nest- 

In previous articles of the Oologist 
I have read about an egg within an egg, 
but I do not think many of the readers 
of the Oologist have seen a nest with- 
in a nest. 

On July 7th, while destroying some 
European House Sparrows' nests a nest 
was thrown down which upon examin- 
ing proved to be a Robin's nest within 
the House Sparrow's. The sparrow's 
nest was built completely around the 
Robin's. The inside of the Robin's nest 
Was lined with hen feathers upon which 

were laid three English Sparrow's eggs. 
The Sparrows evidently thought that 
the Robin's nest would make a firm 
fastening to the maple limb or that it 
would make a good recepticle for their 

Harold Wilder, 
Atlantic, Mass, 

A Rose-breasted Grosbeak Widower- 

On June 1st as I was walking around 
the yard, I found a female Rose-breast- 
ed Grosbeak, lying under a maple tree 

I knew there must be a nest some- 
where near, as I had seen both male 
and female daily, for sometime past. 
So I walked along under the i"ow of 
maples and box elders bordering the 
street, to the end of the block, but could 
see nothing of it. 

On my way back I heard the male's 
voice, which sounded as if it came from 
a box elder tree a short distance ahead. 
I walked along, the bird singing at 
short intervals, till I seemed to be 
directly under it, still I could see noth' 
ing. I stepped into the middle of the 
road just then the bird sang again. 
Looking up I saw the little fellow sit- 
ting on the nest singing "with all his 
heart." I tried to get him to leave the 
nest, tossing up stones so they would 
strike the boughs, but no, he paid no 
attention to this, continuing his .song, as 
if still unseen. 

HoAv to get at the nest was a doubt- 
ful question, as it was placed at the end 
of the limb near the top of the tree. I 
concluded that it would be best to climb 
the tree next to it, and with the aid of a 
rake I might be able to pull the limb 
with the nest towards me. 

I got the rake, climl)ed the tree and 
not until I had pulled the limb toward 
me quite a little, did the poor little 
widower leave the nest. 

I brought it near enough to reach 
with my hands. The nest, unlike others 
of this species was very bulkly, being 



composed of fine rootlets and other lib- 
ers, making a very pretty nest. 

The complement was complete, there 
being five perfectly fresh eggs of uni- 
form size and color. 
• I took a set of two from the tree ad- 
joining May 24th last year. I think it 
was probably the same pair that l)uilt 

Upon opening the stomach of the 
dead female, I found that it was filled 
to its utmost capacity with husks of a 
certain seed. 

She had probably made a breakfast 
of the seeds, and the husks being soak- 
ed with the juices of the stomach, be- 
came swelled, which caused death, by 
clogging up the passage way from the 

Geo. G. Mokrison, 

Fox Lake, Wis. 

In Rev. J. H. Langille's article in the 
Carolina Wren in Aug. Oologisl where 
the number of eggs were mentioned 
as " 4 " it should have been 6. 

A Request- 

I am preparing to study and make 
records of the spring and fall migra- 
tions of the birds in that portion of the 
coimtry that is bounded by a line com- 
mencing at the western extremity of 
Florida, curving a little to the Avest,and 
terminating at Lake Erie and the west- 
ern end of New York; thence, down 
Lakes Erie and Ontario and the St. 
Lawrence River to the Atlantic Ocean. 
In doing so, it will l)e necessary to have 
obseiwers at dift'ereut places through- 
out the aljove defined territory. I now 
have them at the following places: 
Milford, N. H.;, Mass.; Paw- 
tucket, R. I.; and Medina, N. Y. I 
have written to a number of gentlemen 
in all sections, but a good many failed 
to answer my letters, and some were 
otherwise emijloyed so that they could 
not assist me; and 1 take this method of 
.securing a sufiicient numljcr of ol)serv- 
ers in all ])ortions of that section. 

I would like an obsei-ver at each of 
the localities named l)i-low, where none 
are now, and without which the work 
would be verj' incomplete. 

Two wanted in Florida— one at the 

.southern part, one at the nortlieru; one 
in central part of Georgia; one in cen- 
tral part of South Carolina; one each in 
Virginia, W. Virginia, Delaware, Mary- 
land and New Jersey; one in western 
part of Penn.sylvania; one in northern 
part of Vermont; two in Maine; one in 
the more eastern ])art and one as far 
north as can ]>e had; one in New Bruns- 
wick; and, one in tliat portion of Que- 
l)ec which is on the southeastern side of 
the St. Lawrence River. 

I will have l)lanks printed out so that 
the number of species and birds of each 
species can l)c recorded as seen every 
day. These, I will send around to each 

I hope to receive at least one com- 
munication from each of the above 
mentioned places. 

J. W. P. Smithwick, 
Sans Souci, N. C. 
P. S. When you write, please let me 
know exact latitude of your place, i. e. 
in degrees aud minutes. 

World Fair Notes. 

Commissioner Capt. G. P. Cotton, 
who is now at San Pedro Sula, Hon- 
duras, stirring up interest in the 
World's Fair, has secured a collection 
of over 400 varieties of birds, some of 
which are quite unknown to the outside 
world, which will be exhibited with 
other products of Honduras. The ex- 
traordinary collection of butterflies and 
insects will not be far l^ehind, and ar- 
rangements have been made to forward 
a fine selection of orchids to Chicago 
at an earlj' date, so that they may bo 
growing and blooming there in 1893- 

The Very Reverend Doctor Peralto, 
Bishoj) of Panama, has tendered for ex- 
hibition at the World's Fair his vevj re- 
markable historical and ethnological 
collection which has been for some 
years in a museum connected with the 
bishop's palace. It is one of the most 
supurlj private collections of antiquities 
in the world, including ancient gold 
and silver oi-nanients, vessels aud ob- 
jects of worship e.xiiuuKMl from the 
tombs of the extinct race that once in- 
haliited Columbia, rai'e vases, pottery 
aii<l eartiienware, rare ornaments, ves- 
sels ond mi.s.sals that date back to the 
time of the conqiu'.st, pa])er and manu- 
.scripts, aud various others articles of 
historical interest. The otTer has been 
accejjted and the collection will l)e 
shown at Chicago. 



Make An Exhibit at Your Fair? 

Don't you think it would pay you to obtain 
a stock of, say, anywhere from $10. to $100. 
worth, of shells, agates and curios to add a 
variety to your present collection, and make 
an exhibit at your own and neighboring Fairs 
this Fall? 

There's$$ln It! 

At a good Fair, with a suitable display you 
could sell from $10. to $100. per day, upon 
which there would be a GOOD BIG profit. 

Now we will have lots or just such material 
on hand at Chautauqua, Detroit and Elmira, 
that will remain unsold, rather than ship 
back home will sell at very low rates, if it 
would be inconvenient for you to personally 
make your selections at any of the above 
places, but will send me the amount you wish 
to invest and give me an inkling of about 
what you want I will personally and judi- 
ciously make a selection for you that 1 will 
guarantee to give you big satisfaction in 
every particular and will make the prices to 
you lower than you could possibly duplicate 

Remember I also carry a full line of Agate, 
Spar, Pyrites and Shell Jewelery and Nov- 
elties- Write what you want. 


Albion, N. Y. 



Is uow ready for aelhvry. It contains the 
names au'i addresses of the principiU Ornitho- 
Jogist-s and Ooloyists of North America, etc.. 
?>(> pages, printed on good booU paper and bound 
an heavy antique cover.s. 

Price Post-paid 2f> cents. 


• Gilnian, Ills. 


That our office is now fully equipped with 
new type of the latest styles, new presses and 
new stock, and that we are prepjired to furziish 


of any de.scription, ueatl.v and promptly e\ecut- 
«?J Ht rciLsouable rate.s. When yoii need any- 
thing in our line, it will only cost you a 3-cent 
.stamp for our estimates aJid sample-s of our 
woriv. Address.. 

The Bulletin Printing Co,, 

(Suecesors to W. A. Crooks & Co.,( 


HAVE YOU NOTICED new list of common 
»*ggs wanted and desirable eggs offered in Lat- 
tin's ••Exchange E.xtr;iordiuary'' in this Ool<>- 




An illustrated price-list of Electrotypes of 
IJirds .sent fret-. Just the tiling to use on your 
letter heads, circulars, etc. Engraving to or- 
der. H. A. CAKHART, Syrsicuse. N. Y. 



Soldiers disabled since tlie war are entitled 

Dependent widows and parents now depen- 
dent, whose si )ns died from effects of army ser- 
vice are Included. If you wish your claim 
speedily and siucessfuHy prosecuted,, 


Late Com'r of Pensions, Washington. D. 0. 


For INVENTORY. 4'i-p!K,re HOOK KUEK. Address 
W.T. Fitzgerald, Attorney at Law.WasUlngtonD.C. 

Carr's Natural History and Bird Stores. 

Taxidermy. Bird Hldns iind Eggs. Shell."-, 
Curios. Minerals. Fcssils, ludiaa Relics and 
Natiuralists' Supplies :Sln«Ing and Fancv Birds, 
TalK-mg Parrot-s. Goldash and Aciuarium 
Stock. ' 

New Catalogue will be out in Oc! 
logues <>xhausted. 

Jett Madison, \V is. ,^ 

FOR SALE CHEAP!-A coUec ion of «( Hrsl- 
classeggs, value %\hAt) for J.SHX contains 
niauj- rare and desirable southern eggs. 

Broadway, Paducat, Ky. 

WANTED:— inirchasers for my collection of 
Eggs. I will sell at a great d'scimnt. 
Sendjfor a complete list. I will sell all : first 
come first served. All letUTs answered. Send 
soon l>ecause they will go rapid. I am now 
booking orders for eggs for setting from the 
pure bred Lang.shan fowl. Henry C. Bridgers, 
Tarboro. N. C. 

FOR SALE.— A large collection of egers: 
many rare kinds. 230 eggs, IIW varieties. For 
sale cheap, send for list. Address, L. W, ED- 
WARDS, Brooks, Maine. 

FOR SALE.— »1() in eggs, climbers *1, Marlin 
rifle. '.H-cal., 56, Lontr-cared Owl. mounted. J'a HX 
STANTON R. CLARK, Mukwonago, Wis. 


I Apamphletof Information and.ib-yj 

\strijctof the laws, 8b<^winK ilow to/ 

.Obtain Patents, Caveat a, Tratte^ 

' ^Marks, Copyriehts, sent jret.^ 

^AddreM MUNN tL CO.^ 

^361 flroadwar. 

New York. 




111 u.",!- iO yiarK Tho onlv Riiccessfiil remedy tor 

Nervous Debility, Vital Weal(ness, 

and IToKtration, from ovpr-work or other rn\isos 
%\ per vial, or 6 vials ami larjce vial powder, lor ?&. 
SoiJ> BV DittiooLSTH, or sent |K»stpal(l on rfcv;Ipt 

Oor. William and John Sts., N. l. 



Envelopes, wbilnor 
colored, with n:inie, 
buslncs,s and address, for luc. postpaid. 
Cards and Letter Ileiuls at same price. 
100 each for only $1. {aT-Ageiits wanted, Miu' 
pay. otittit Th a. M. EDDY. Albion. N.Y. 



u4 Kodak 

You press the button^ 

ive do the rest." 


ff^ifh you. 

Send /or Catalogut. 





^ ^-^ '^-*^ TWENTY-FIVE CENTS. 



'Selected from Mr. Lattin's 

Price List, to any person 

who will get up a club of 25 names 

Reference MR. K. H- I^ATTIN- 

This is a good chance to add specimens to your i'<>l- 
lection. Tiy getting up tiie club. Address, 

R. W^. FORD, Bristol, Conn. 

Rare California Yicwg. 

Enclose stamp for catalogue. .Sample of 
Aiews will be sent lapon receipt of 25 cents. 

California Art Gallery, Santa Rosa. Cal. 




Duplicates can be returned. 


Catalogue for stamp. 

DfTQI^JTT ? 10 Species. SSc : 30 for 75c ; 35 for ?1 ..tO : 
rUOolLUi 50 for $3.00: 75 for J8.00. 111. List. 


FRANK KINNE, Knoxvllle. Iowa. 



iSird^, IV^antTnal^ and £^^5, 


I make a specialty of mailing birds same day 
as skinned, or sent in the flesh after subjecting 
them to a preservative preparation. Enclose 
stamp for Price List. 


'^.^i^ Tv/r^^.v,w «^6f^^ 50c. per Yoar. ^<:>7 




ALBION, N. Y., OCT., 1891. 

No. 10 

Exchanges and Wants. 

Brief special announcements, "Wants," "Ex- 
changes" inserted in this department for iJ5c 
per '^ words. Notices over •■iC) words, charged 
at the rate of one-half cent per word. No 
notice Inserted for less than 25c. Notices 
which are mere!}' indirect methods of soliciting 
cash purchasers c^mnot be admitted to these 
columns imder auj* cii-cumstunces. Terms, 
cash with order. 

COLT.ECTION of eggs In sets with data, 
worth t-X) . In exchanjre for good s-lver watch. 
JOHN WILLIAMS. Wenham. Mass. 

W.A.NTEI).— Indian relics, mound relics, war 
relics of nil lands In for one ;:y-cnli- 
bre Revolver. Marlin. Minerals and many 
other articles to numerous to mention. M. 
ROSKNDUK(t. Meade. Kan. 

TO i:XCHAN<jE one tame Great Horned Owl 
and Southern Eggs. What am T offered in fire- 
arms, eggs and etc. I. U. KINSEY, Jr., Sai 
New Houston St. Savannah. Ga. 

TO EXCHANGE.— A nicely mounted Snowy 
Owl for best offer of fii-st-class sets with data. 
A pair of climbers wanted. ARTHUR M. FAR- 
MER. Box VVt. Amoskeag. N. H. 

TO EXCHaNGP^. : A fine collection of cf)ins 
for *8 worth of sets or Coues Key. last edition, 
also Coleoptera for an>-thing relating to Orui- 
thologj-. PAUL VAN RIPER. Niles. Mich. 

\\ HO WILL GIVE me t.T worth of first-class 
birds eggs— any variety— for 2.50 postage stamps 
St countries, catalogvied at $5. FRED BAKER, 
Bos. X'A. Stratford. Ont. 

TO EXCHANGE: A printing press and font 
of Type. Cost $'^. in g<->od condit'on. for best of- 
fer o"f biT-ds epg.'^. sirgles. send list. WAIT G. 
JOHNSON. Center Rutland. Vt. 

I HAVE a Hawk-eye Camera which cost ?1.') 
just like new. which I will exchange for United 
Stales deliverv stamps. Send for particular.s. 
.lOHN HECK. Raleigh, N. C. 

WANTED : First Southern and Western 
bird skins: Have for exchange fine ^5 cal Shot 
Gun u.sed but little with brass shells and Innile- 
ii.eats. Will exchange for *-.T) worth of tli-st- 
. lass skins. Cost with tools etc. *!«. BRAD A 
SCUDDER. Highland St., Taunton. Mas-s. 

TO EXCHANGE. —One mounted Whistling 
Swan. 2v!cal. riobcit RiHe. Taxldennists" tools, 
Arlvc'itlsing Space In The Spy Glass and sul)- 
.xcrlntlons to the Spy (;iass. for first-clast speci- 
mens. Make offers. Address, LETSON BAL- 
LIET. Des Mf)lnes, Iowa. 

A BARGAIN : Will exchange one pair Green 
Hei"ou skins, one pair of American Crows, one 
pair Jiraco, one pair Goldfinch and one pair 
Chewink for skin of Barn Owl . EDGAR A. 
FERO. 116 Ontario St., Cohoes,N. Y. 

WANTED.— Minerals, Shells. Fossils, and 
Indian Relics. Hare for exchange, same, and 
all kinds of books,' paper, bt)ard and cloth bind- 
ings; or pay cash for desirable specimens. 
Write, stating what you have and what you 
want. GEO. W. DIXON. Watertown. S. D. 

DETECTIVE CAAMER^V of .some good make 
wanted, will give a bargain to the right party, 
have to exchange rare western Bird Skins 
(over-ifXi), Washburn Guitar, value $'JS(X). or 
pay part cash. GEO. G. CANTWELL, lOfi 
Pike's Peak ave.. Colorado Springs, Colo. 

I HAVE a collection of sets, including some 
rare species, siich as. Swaiuson's Yellow-throat- 
ed and Pine Warblers. I'^i-ostefl Poor-v.ill. etc.. 
valued at ifV5. that I will give for a good safety 
Bicvcle. Send full descri]iti()n. and in return 
get list of eggs. J. W. P. Smithwick, Sans 
Souci. N. C. 

GOOD EXCHANGE: I will give good flrst- 
class sets of Pigeon liawk. Red tailed hawk. 
Great Homed owl. Ostrich egg and other de- 
sirables for a breech-loading shot gun. Address 
at once. DR. W. S. STRODE. Beniadotte. 111. 

WANTED.— To puiThase full sets of Land 
Birds' Eggs \\ith comple data. JAS. MrEVOY 
Jr.. Grahams Warehouse, Park Ave. and Dol- 
phin St.. Baltimore. Md. 

FOK' EXCHANGE.— Fine sets of Booby. Man- 
'o-Wur-Bird. Yellow-billed Tropic Bird. Roy- 
al Tei-u, Noddy. American Egret. Bald Eagle, 
Texan. Nighthawk. Paraque, etc. WM. FJN- 
NIGAN, 48 Adalaide St., West Toronto, Cana- 

TO EXCHANGE. — Press. 2x3^8 1"- chase 
with type : for a standard work on entomologj'. 
Box 20, Baker. Darke Co., O. 

WANTED.— Repeating V.Mncliester. must be 
first-class in every respei-t. I will give in ex- 
change Hrst-elass Bircis' Eggs, singles or sets 
with data. I have a few Indian Relics to ex- 
change. Address, O. C. CHARLES, G«orge- 
invm, Tex. 

TO EXCHANGE.— li:? Foreign, (some ver.v 
rare.* 22 old U. S. and Confederat<» stamps and 
a collection of :!() species of second-class eggs. 
Eggs valu" :f.!.:r? if llrst class. All for ■•Davles" 
Nests and Eggs of N. A. birds," cloth. Some 
f>f the eggs are very rare. Send for list, fill 
F. Ml MS, P. O. Bf)X, 07, Edgefteld, So. Car. 



TO EXCHANGE.— 42 tame stripped Oregon 
Clupm.un!vS for Birds' Eggs, Ciirios, etc. Seutl 
lists. GEO. W. SAYL.OK, Hairtes. Balier Co., 

TO EXCHANGE.— 32 cat. double action, six- 
shooter ; for best offer in eggs. Also eggs from 
this loca-litv. Send list. JESSE MIL.L.ER, 184 
Dallas St..' Houston, Texas. 

TO EXCHANGE.— I have eggs in sets to ex- 
change tor piur of opera glasses or anything 
useful. Address, W. C. MOEUiOW, 10S6 Penn- 
sylvania ave., Columbus, O. 

PHI-LATE L.IC PAPERS, to exchange for 
eggs. Sead list of papers you wish, and list of 
eggs you have to exchange. HERBERT N. 
BdGBEE, Fitchburg, Mass. 

TO EXCHANGE.— One book called United 
States Naval and Astronomical Expedition, 
published in 18.>1: for the best offer of Birds' 
St.^ Austin. Texas. 

EXCHANGE.— Will exchange collection of 
900 difl'erenc, mostly foreign Postal Stamps; 
for Fossils. Send for list. F. BANK, 5 West 
4th St., Cincinnati, O. 

WILL. EXCHANGE for eggs in sets, print- 
ing press, fountain pen, books, magazines, etc. 
postage stamps, single eggs, and a few sets. 
Addi-ess, JOHN B. SEYMOUR, Clinton, Oneida 
Co., N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Thi-ee Oologists' Hand- 
books, marvelous collection. Single-shot Revol- 
ver, C'.jUecclou of Birds' Eggs, Mexican Pota- 
toes, etc. Offers wanted in Curios and Miner- 
als. A. R. HJTCttlNSON, Gaines, N. Y. 

WANTED.— To exchange fiae specimens of 
the Horseshoe-crab for eggs in singles. Water- 
birds, Hawks or 0\vls preferred. ALLEN 
HOPE, New Dorp, Staten Islaad, N. Y. 

I HAVE a photographic outlit, worth $30. that 
I will exchange for best oiler. L,. L. KNOX, 
Giddings, Tex. 

TO EXCHANGE.— An International Album 
and good collection of stamiis, value $7; for 
United Si^ates stamps or Indian Relics. SAM- 
UEL H. ROBBE, BelleviUe, Wayne Co., Michi- 

WANTED.— Good pair climbing irons, will 
exchange a collection of 120 stamps in album, 
books, etc.. for same. S. E. KL,INTBERU, 
Box 340, Plattsmouth, Neb, 

TO EXCHANGE.— Wood's Natural History, 
On the Sea Shore, Almond Tree. Young Polk's 
History of France, and hand bracket saw; for 
Birds' Eggs. JAMES E. MALLORY. Baldwin, 

WANTED.— Persons having books relating 
to Natural History of any branch or Taxider- 
mists tools and supplies, tiiat will sell cheap 
for cash. Write to me stating what you have, 
condition it is in and the lowest price 'you will 
sell. Also back Nos. of amateur naturalists" 
papers wanted for cash. WALTER BRAD- 
FORD, luavlield. Ky. 

LOOK HERE.— I have a ffrst-class receipe 
for embalming birds and tor every fifty cents' 
worth of eggs sent I will send it to them. W. 
R. BIRD, Mason City, Iowa. 

FOL,L,0\\T:Na in exchange for Shot Gun : 23 
cal. ritle, 32 cal revolver. fei.OO Standard stamp, 
\ ol. North American Review and Vol. paper 
published in 1837. All answered. ARTHUR G. 
POTTER, 405 S.2.^th Ave.. Omaha Neb. 

l.")0 COCOONS of Attacus Ceci'opia to exchange 
for Minerals and Indian Relics. Make me an 
offer. E. A. Locke, Box l.Si, Whitman, Mass. 

A COLLECTION of over 300 birds eggs, will 
exchange for a Pointer (puppy) or Pigeons. 
For particulars'^address, C. C. RENSHAW. 
Boyc«, Clarke Co., Va. 

EXCHANGE skins and some eggs, for same 
not commonly found in Mich., want birds in 
meat will give sldns and some cash, everyone 
answered. A. W. HANAFORD, 21 Olive Sti-eet, 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 

TO EXCHANGE. White Pelican skin and 
South American birds eggs. No postals Ad- 
dreas. W. MORGAN MARTIN, M.D.. No. 309 E 
Ninth Street, Wellington, Kan. 

EXCHANGE, would like to exchange a set of 
Fla. Red-shouldered Hawk 1-2 for a set of Tax- 
idermists instruments. Those answering this 
exchange please give full list of instruments in 
set. Address, E. K. COLLETT. Austin. Tex. 

WANTED:— Collectors of Butterflies and 
Moths in every State in the Union and. Canada. 
Will pay flue eggs in sets, or cash for them. 
All specimens must be perfect. PROF. CARL 
BRAWN, Bangor, Maine. 

TO EXCHANGE.-Sets. Nos. A. O. U. 3952- 
2, 417 14, 610 ^. T31 1-9. &S7 H. 201 I4. 394 14. With 
datas, also 289 2-1.5. 622a 14, 4,52 14, 33.3 14. With- 
out datas, also 373 -3, .394 -1, 731 -;i. 598 -1 387 -3. 
also 20 Turtles ; for original Sets with datas. 
Puffin. Hei-on and Water-birds prefen-ed. Best 
offers answered and accepted, p. C. CHAD- 
WICK, Loriug, Kansas. 

Carr's Natural History and Bird Stores. 

Taxidermy, Bird Skins and Eggs. Shells. 
Curios. Minerals. Fossils. Indian Relics and 
Naturalists' Supplies ; Singing and Fancv Birds, 
Talking Parrots, Goldfish and Auuarium 

New Catalogue will be out in Oct.— "90 Cata- 
logues exhausted. 

C. R. CARR. 
Jetf Madison, Wis. 



For Sseds in Silk Caltiire. Different Species, 
Also the cslehnded Madras Silh Cocoons; 
warranted to be raised success full y in 
this country. Directions given how to 
raise them projitahly. Prices lo?v. 



Bangor, - _ _ _ Maine 

Rare California Yicwg. 

Enclose stamp for catalogue. Sample of 
views will be sent upon receipt of 25 cents. 
Califomia Art Gallery, Santa Rosa, Cal. 




Attention Collectors! 


Exotic Bntterflies and Moths 

in brilliant colors and of rare beauty, from India, 
.Australia, Africa and south America for cash or 
lialf cash and half in rare eggs or fine bird skins. 
Also fine cocoons from other countries. Send 5c 
Tor catalogue. Suite what you want distinctly. 
Absolutely no attention paid to postal cards. Col- 
lections made up in cabinets for museums and 
•colleges, containing all the classes of insi'Cta 
trom everj' clime. We have the largest stock of 
Lepldojueru In New England and charge the low- 
est prices In the United Si atcs. 



86 Pages of Valualsle Information. 

It gives our regular price list of oological specimens 
and supplies (tK ^ most complete ever sent out by any 
dealer). It .^ivcs •.he common and scientific names of 
ali Nortn Arrie.-ican birds, arranged and numbered 
accordiiig to Kidgeways(the Smithsonian) nomencla- 
ture of i88i ; it gives the numbers used in Baird's 
check-list of 1859 ^"'^ those used in Coue's of 1883 ; 
it gives the value of the eggs of over 500 species of 
North American birds, this fact alone making th4 
catalogue invaluable to collectors as a basis of ex- 
change. It names the various families into which the 
birds of North America are divided, and enumeratej 
■♦.he birds belonging to each family. It gives, approx- 
imately, the number of eggs in a clutch of every 
American bird. It tells how to prepare specimens for 
'Cabinet, how to pack them for transDOrtation, with 
^any other useful hints. 


*«♦ This Handbook was published In \yHr,. 
hut it Is now more than worth the nominal 
price asked lor it. 




We print everything finin a Visiting' Canl to 
a Dictionary, at as low pri'esaseon.siMleul with 

food work. Job I'rlntlug. Stereotyping and 
lindinu. Send for new piice list, or estimate. 
aSScss, a. M. eddy. Albion. N. Y. 

AGENCY/or \i 

^ A pamphlet of Information aad ah-y 
\strHCt of the laws, sliowiiiK liow to/' 
' Obtain Patents, Caveats, Tra(\p/ 
■\Marks, Copyriehts, se^nt ^rcc, 
^Address MUNN ' ^ CO.^ 

^3G1 HrOndway, 
New York. 


the maivolous metal, light 
as paper, strong as steel, 

aiiti what we make out. of it. Watch chains 
fio^ colli alunig 17 .Mumlnum dimes with engrav- 
§\ ed's praver gold linked and tlnlshed, 

l!i magnlflcent style. $3. $4. and $>. Also 
ladles' necklaces containing 1-2 Aluminum Souv- 
enlers with Lord's I'ra.\er $i.()0. Hraceleis, 5J 
cents, iiieastpins, bangles and charms, all with 
the Lord's Praver eacii m cents! (Graduated 
pocket rules, envelope openers, paper cutters lin- 
ger rliiys. sewing thimbles, each 24 cents. Match 
boxes .".n cents. Plaques, portrait frames, panels, 
tin me plates, saucers, dishes, cups, teaspoons, 
srttclict boxes, tans, table forks, mirrors, each 
Jl.ou and $i.5i). Printer's composing sticks. 13 Oo. 
Kules, horse-bits, stirrups, shoes, watch cases, 
opera glasses, &c. Any other novelty made to 
Older. 2-. to "0 cents discount to Agents. One 
assorted outfit bv mall or C. O. D. for |;.5. or 24 tor 
il. or '1 lor 2:- cents, or 1 for 10 cents. (No postals) 
Send In \ our order It will lead you to success. 
Alumlmlm Alloy the greatest metal s:rengihener 
known for Iron and llrass Founders, $■> per 100 
pounds <'.(), D. Aluminum Ingots 9V per cent 
purltv. sheets or wire per poiuid. 9"< cents to j2.T."i 

(Kstabllshed ISS.o) NEWI'Oin". KY. 

One .yi-ars siibscrlp'loi) to the Aluminum .\ge 
and 2' Aluminum Watch ( harms with Lord's 
I'laver, 5 ecas. l« noe copies Monthly. Address 
Mic' ALUMINU.M AUii PUliLISHINci <'()., 
n \- NKWI'OKT, KY. 

Forthe purpose of introducinpr our Roods throughout tnd 
Countr}-,anu to advertise our House, wo wiJlforaiJhort 
tlmesend any ptM-sonone of the following hi^trumonta 
onreciptof ciUih topay for Boxin(?andf>hippin(r. Itla 
expected that every person rcccivinffonoor tlieso Instru- 
ments win show it and inform others where he buuKht 16. 
We wIlU)nly send ono to each person, Wo will send a 

5:0 Ole Bull Violin for $2. 

Outll tronsiitin^r of Violin, Italian St rtnpH,Mi> 
_ plo Ilriltr", KUini-ed I'liri nnd T.ill-piwo Irw 

laid with I'earl, Snal^owood Uowwith Ivory 'Jrinimlngs, 
MusloBook of ln.-<truction3, containing o<'er»i^'hty-nvs 
pieces of Chcii'o and I.n tost Sclcction3 of aiuiilc, all pack- 
ed in a neat stroni^ Case. 82. 

$10 George Christy C:injo, $3. 

Mar.lo Slieli Slui]. Uin II. ^d, Filvo:) 

fihiteU t:im. Mi tal jlr.ul Fast-T.lnj'a, ^.^^ 

tidiunStrlngii.lVxik of'. AUInnratCaso e3L 

$10 Celebrated Aimee Guitar, $3- 

staple imitation of I(o"r\>ootl,Kbony 
•riinmiiii-:, intent llinit, l\url In- 
l.iid. Sotinii llnli.nnd y.'h-'; Itttllan 

strinim.MusielinoU Ins'roinf Ca.so43 

BendMoricyhv I'ost.dNote. Send Slump for f'^^^talogUOk 

L W. L INCOLN & C O.. Chicaqo, Illinois. 





FOR $1.00. 

I will send you $1.00 worth of eggs or 75c worth of anythmg I 
advertise, and the Oologist, with coupons, one year. 

FOR $2.00. 

I will send you $2.00 worth of Birds' Eggs, or $1.50 worth of any-^ 
thing I advertise and a copy of Davie's "Nests and Eggs of North 
American Birds." $1.25 edition. 

FOR $3.00. 

I will send you $3.00 worth of Bird's Eggs or $2.00 worth of any- 
thing I advertise, and a copy of Davie's "Nests and Eggs of North 
American Birds." $1.75 edition. 

FOR $5.00. 

I will send you $5.00 worth of Eggs or $4.00 of anything I adver- 
tise, and a copy of Langille's "Our Birds in their Haunts." $3.00 

FOR $10.0O 

I will send you $10.00 worth of Eggs or $6.00 worth of anything I 
advertise, and a copy of Ridgway's "Manual of North American Birds" 
$7.50 edition. 

FOR $15.00. 

I will send you[$15.00 worth of Eggs or $10.00 worth of anything 
I advertise and a copy of Maynard's "Birds of Eastern North Amer- 
ica." PubHsher's price $18.00. 

IMPOHTANT! Books and Eggs will be sent prepaid, other 
articles as|per conditions in catalogue. In all offers Eggs or articles are 
of your own selection. Eggs may be either singles or sets. 

1st, 1891. Address plainly, 

FRANK H. LA TTIN, - Albion, N. K 



ALBION, N. Y., OCT., 1891. 

No. 10 

The Screech Owl. 

Throughout the temperate regions of 
North Americii few species among our 
nocturnal birds of prey have a wider 
distribution. Who is there, who has 
not listened to their plaintive cry, as it 
alternates from high to low, and is oc- 
casionaly varied by deep gntteral trills 
that cause a ghostlj' desolation to creep 
over the listner in spite of his efforts to 
console himself with the assurance that 
it is only an Owl. Where, too, is the 
.school boy who has not spent many an 
hour in pursuit of the little fellows as 
they sail swiftlj^ by on noiseless wings in 
the dusk of evening; oi', who has not 
climbed tree after tree during the day, 
to find each time that his bird was just 
a little beyond his reach. 

When disturbed during the day, thej^ 
will very often stare vacantly at the in- 
truder, and act very much like a child 
suddenly awakened from a sound sleep, 
and then drop off their perch backAvards 
as though dead. They are not dead, 
however, as I have leai'ned by exper- 
ience, more than once, by having their 
sharp claws buried in mj' hand while 
attempting to pick them up. 

They are fond of low meadows, and 
old barns where they devour great 
quantities of the small quadru])eds 
which infest such places. The immense 
good which these Owls do in the dis- 
truction of vermin should command for 
them the respect of everyone, but not 
imfrequently the most cruel persecu- 
tions are the only reward which they 
receive. Through ignorance an d sii per- 
stition tliev are mafle the scape-goats 
for a multitude of sins committed by 
.some of their larger and less scrupulous 
brethren. Fortunately there are local- 
ities where their true worth is recogniz- 
ed, and where they are held in high es- 

teem- Here they become very unsu- 
spicious, nesting and roosting in very 
public places. I once knew a pair to 
make their nest in a hollow apple-tree, 
some live or six feet from the ground, 
which stood in our garden. They would 
sit quietly in the opening and watch us 
come within a few tVet of them. Some 
times they would fly away, Init would 
oftener drop back into their nest. 
They seem to court rather than shua 
human society. The hole generaly 
chosen for their home is one which has 
been previously made by some of the 
Woodpecker family, but where this 
does not exist, a decayed stump is. 

The cavity is placed at varying 
heights, which seem to depend a good 
deal on the character of the neighbor- 
hood. In localities near to human hab- 
itations the nest is seldom placed at a 
greater height, and iiianj' are placed 
not more than five or six feet from the 
ground, while in wooded regions a 
height of forty feet and upwards is often 
cho.sen. The nest is placed in the bot- 
tom of the cavity, and consists of a few 
dried leaves and grasses, with an upper 
lair of feathers. In some instances the 
material of which the uest is composed 
is thi'OAvn into the hollow in a j)romis- 
cuous heap entirely regardless of either 
order or elegance. The nest Ijeing fin- 
ished, the female deposites her eggs; 
one a day, until the full number is 
reached. Incubation begins at once, 
and continues for fifteen days. This is 
claimed to be chielly the work of the 
female. When with eggs or young the 
approach of an enemy is greeted with a 
hissing noise, and if the hand is put in- 
to the nest, will very often meet with a 
sharp I'eceptiun. 

The characteristic plumages of these 
birds seem to be purely in<lividual, 



since in tho same nest may be found 
both red and gviiy young ones, while 
the parents may be both red or both 
gray, the female red and the male gray, 
or the reverse. I have mounted a great 
many specimens of both colors, but my 
experience has been that the per cent.' 
of red ones is much the larger. A nest 
investigated last spring, April 13th, 
some thirty miles south of here, con- 
tained one young one, one pipped egg 
and one rotten egg. One old one was 
red, the other gray. The young one 
was covered with snow-white down. 
Mrs. Lillie Pleas, 
Clinton, Ark. 

The Divers. 

The OOLOGIST is so useful in raising 
lip young students of bird-life, that I 
have determined to prejjare for it, a 
series of articles on Typical and Fami- 
liar Birds. 

So, according to the present received 
system of classification, I must begin 
with the Divers, represented by the 
Grebes and the Loons. They are in a 
special sense water-birds. The former, 
indeed, scarcelj^ leave the water at all; 
and the latter only leave it with great 

No student of birds, should fail to 
strip the skeleton of one of these species, 
— removing the tlesh from the bones by 
thorough boiling — and compare the pe- 
culiar bony structure with the life his- 
tory and habits of the class of birds in 
question. It will at once be seen, how 
remarkably the feet and legs are con- 
structed and i^laced, for swimming and 
diving ; and how the specializing for 
this purpose, has about destroyed all 
adaptation to life and activity on the 
land. " Straight as a loon's leg," is an 
old adage, well taken as far as the loon's 
log is concerned, but even it does not 
point out tne lengthening of the bone 
of the heel and the immense leg mus- 
cles, by wiiich the powerful upward 

sti'oke is given with the foot, in order 
to throw the bird under water in an in- 
stant, — between the Hash and the ar- 
rival of the charge of the gun. 

Everything about the Grebe, even to 
its plumage, is a most interesting study. 
Nor is anything in connection with it 
more interesting, than its habits of nidi- 
licatiou. The Common or Thick-billed 
Grebe, may be taken as representative. 
Its nest is a sort of a pier or mound, 
built up from the bottom, in water any- 
where to a foot or eighteen inches deep 
made of various kinds of decaying veg- 
etable matter found under water in the 
locality, and extending a few inches 
above the surface, this cylindrical shape 
some eighteen inches in diameter, and 
neatlj' rounded and depressed on the 
top, contains some six or eight eggs, 
1.25 x .87 inch, white, ratiier rough, and 
tinged and waved with light green. 
These eggs g(merally very much soiled, 
are always more or less covered with 
the wet material on the nest, and the 
bird always manages to get off the nest 
without being seen. The eggs, how- 
ever, are always warm as those of any 
other setting bird. 

You need not look on the nest for the 
younglings, however recently hatched. 
Bring your boat up ever so stealthily, 
the instinct of fear is so strong, that 
they will get away before the motion of 
the water sways the frail fabric, or your 
eye can detect them thereon. But they 
peep like chickens among the rushes, 
while the mother whistles plaintively 
but wholly out of- sight. Should you 
succeed in finding them, you cannot 
but admire their beauty. Jet I)lack, 
with six narrow white stripes length- 
wise along the back and up the neck, 
with reddish markings about the head, 
bill red, they are white underneath. 
Now hide away carefully. Soon the 
mother's soft whistle brings together the 
scattered brood; and as she swims deep- 
ly, they may mount on her back and 
take a ride ; or, should they take alarm 



Ihey may dive. The young getting uu- 
cler the mother's wiug as they go iiiKler, 
but eomiug up out of the water again 
before she makes her appearauee. 

These (irebes breed abundantly on 
St. Clair Flats, and still more abun- 
dautlj- to the North-west. They feed 
principally on tish, also on aquatic in- 
sect.s, varying their diet to some extent 
with water plants of diticrent kinds. 

J. H. Langille. 
Kensington, Ind., or Smithsonian Insti- 
tute, Washington, D. C. 

In Favor of an Organization. 

It was with pleasure I read the article 
by J. H. Langille in a former number 
of the OoLOGiST, and was much sur- 
prised that it received no reply in the 
last issue. I am sure it w-as not from 
lack of interest that all was silence 
along the line. Perhaps others, like my- 
self, were waiting to hear from someone 

I am very glad this subject has at last 
been brought up and after a plan that 
I hope will materialize in such a way 
as to prove of lasting benefit to those 
interested in ornithology. For some 
time I have thought what a grand thing 
it would be if a fraternity like that pro- 
pcsed by Rev. Langille could be formed. 
The necessary foundation for an organ- 
ization of that order could hardly be 
other than the chiefs among ornitholo- 
gists, and it did not seem possible to me 
that they ciuld under any circumstan- 
ces give their valuable lime to aid us, 
though we, even as they are trying to 
learn something of the mysteries of 
creation. But now that one of these 
men has interested himself in our be- 
half and is working for tis, let us do all 
we can to further any plans for the 
formation of some such society as may 
be consistant with our circumstances. 

From my study of liirds, and all na- 
ture as well, I steadfastly believe we 
were all created for some purpose, that 

each one of us have some peculiar fa- 
culty belonging to ourselves, and that 
by study we may develop that ability 
in such a manner as to be able to give 
to others the benefits we have derived 
from its possession. Now, even we 
may be in possession of just what is 
needed to throw light on some obscure 
point in science, and by communion 
through correspondence with these mea 
be able to develope the germ that is; 
within us and pursue to a logical se- 
quence that which now has no detinite 
form . 

Thus we may in time repay to some 
extent what these men may do for us 
thorough the mediums of a fraternity. 
But the question is what can we do 
now ? Will not some one come for- 
ward with a plan ? How much we 
have lost in the past by not having the 
facilities that would be presented by 
an organization of this kind each one 
of us can realize, to some extent at 
least. Not what we might gain from 
now on by the aid of such a society we 
dare not estimate. 

L. O. D, 
Litchfield, Minn. 

What is the Highest Northern Latitude in 
Which the Chewink Breeds? 

That discussion in the Oologist re- 
garding the most northern region in 
the state of New York in which the 
Chewink breeds, is decidedl}' of inter- 
est to me, as I I'eside in nearly the same 
latitude in Michigan as the counties 
named (43 ° 40). The Chewink in 
here, one of our most common and 
abundant birds, and always breeds here. 
I had supposed we were much south 
of its northern breeding limit. It cer- 
tainly brijeds in Lapeer Co., the county 
north of this (Oakland), and I think 
somewhat farthers in the two southern 
tiers of townships in Lape(«r Co.. it is 
about as abundant as in Oakland C'o., 
(Latitude 43. = 5). Tne h:il)its of this 



bird are verj' interesting. It arrives 
very early in tlie spring and about the 
first indication of its presence is a great 
scratching among tlie leaves and 

It is very vivacious and active. It is 
found in most woodhmds, but seems to 
prefer hilly woodlands, wooded slopes, 
and especially where the woods slopes 
toward some stream or lake. It moves 
about with a series of quick jumps, sud- 
denly pausing now and then and caus- 
ing its feet to make a series of very rap- 
id movements, throwing the dead leaves 
about in a lively manner. In the pres- 
ence of man it is very familiar, all the 
while peeping jnst out of reach, its 
sharp eyes regarding every movement 
of the intruder, now and then crying 
out "Cheewink." Like most of the 
Thrush tribe, it is very inquisitive and 
a good singer. 

1 would miss few birds more than 
this jolly, good-natured felllow. When- 
ever I hear a sudden and very lively 
stirring of the leaves, I always know 
the Chewink is about. When passing 
through a still woods, this sudden rust- 
ling among the leaves is decidedly start, 
ling to the uninitiated. 

Will some Michigan correspondence 
tell me our northern breeding limit for 
this i;ir(l V 


Rochester, Mich. 

Notes at Random. 

Mr. H. L. Spinney, a taxidermist 
living aj Georgetown, Me., has a Least 
Bittern taken near his ])lace March 4, 
ISDl. The bird is veiy rare in this loc- 
;i!ity: it weighed only li ounce. 

The same gentleman has a curiosity 
in the nest of a Chickadee. The nest 
was liuilt in a hollow apple tree limb 
and five eggs were laid. Another nest 
wa.s then built over these eggs and 
seven more eggs laid. He sawed the 
limb off so tliat the lower eggs were vis- 
ible from I'ne i)otto!n of the nest. 

While camping near Mr. Spinney's 
this summer, I took a Marjdand Yellow 
throat's nest built in a juniper bush 
about two feet from the ground. The 
nest contained four fresh eggs. I have 
never before heard of the Marj-land 
Yellow - throat building above the 
ground. Who has? 

This summer Mr. Spinney and I took 
several sets of eggs of the Artie and 
Common Terns on the rocky islands at 
the mouth of Kennebec River. We 
shot fine specimens of both birds whea 
flying above the eggs. I know that 1 have 
these two kinds of Tern's eggs, but I 
am unable to distinguish them. The 
birds were very wild and we could de- 
vise no method of capturing them ou 
their eggs. 

The nests were of a great variety. 
There were a few nests made of haj' 
and weeds. Others were simplj' a hand 
full of small stones, while a majority of 
the eggs were laid upon the bare rock or 
upon a little turf collected in the hoi- 
loAvs of the rock. We found two sets of 
six eggs each and several of five, four, 
three and two. The eggs in the largest 
sets were appai'ently laid by two birds. 

In these sets two or three were of the 
same shape and cokn* and the others of 
another shape and color, Avhile the in- 
cubation of the one kind was in neai'ly 
ever3^ case very mwih different fr()m the 
incubation of the other kind. These 
facts together with Davie's statement 
that the birds lay only from two to four 
eggs, very rarely five, have led me to 
the conclusion that the eggs in the 
largest sets were laid by two l)irds and 
perhaps hy two species. The eggs were 
taken June 28 and July 27. 

Davie, in his Nests and Eggs of Noi't^ 
American Birds, under the hea<Hng, 
Common Tern, says: "Mr. VVorthing- 
ton informs me that he never saw but 
one set of moi'e than four eggs in the 
thousands he has collected." Let us 
hear from others in regard to the Com- 
mon and Artie Terns. 

A. B. C.Aix. 
Townshend, Vt' 



Ornithologists' Association. 


Tiie Ornithologist's Association met 
i>ept. 15th at Washington, D. C, and 
the following persons were proposed 
for memljershij) in the Association: 

Active.— A. Lake, 1337 U St. N. W., 
\Vashington, D. C. 

Corresponding. — Frank H. Shoemak- 
er, Hampton, Iowa; Bert H. Bailey, 
402 A. Ave., Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Dr. 
■A. G. Prill, Springville, Erie Co., N. Y. 
J. Alden Loring, Owego, Tioga Co. N. 
Y. Richard D. Lusk, Tombstone, Coch- 
ise Co., Arizona. 

As no objections were made they will 
be admitted to full membershij) on paj'- 
ment of dues. 

I quote from the By Laws, "The dues 
•of all active members shall be one dol- 
lar, and of all corresponding members 
lift}- conts, per annum, payable semi- 
annually in advance." 


Some time ago the question as to the 
tlifferentiating points between these 
two species was raised in the 
■and there was a reference to my book, 
"Our Birds in Their Haunt," in which 
I quote C. J. Mayuard on said points. 
That quotation makes the four outer 
primaries "incised on the inner webs," 
a main point of ditference. This diag- 
nosis is at fault, and shows how we may 
err in quoting others without independ- 
ent I'eflection and examination (»n our 
own part. It is strange that Mr.Maynard 
should not have known that all the 
lititios have tiie inner wcIjs of the four 
outer primaries incised. 

Nor can anything delinite lu-allirmed 
as to dilTerence in the size of the two 
species; for the extreme measurements 
of hdrlani may be Paid 1o be included 
i 1 the extreme measurcmonts of horc- 

U'hat then is tlie differenceV Simply 

tlie color. In structure they are ideu« 
tical. This difference in color is for tha 
most part in the tail. The clear chest- 
nut red of tlie tail of the mature borealis 
the regular dusky subterminal band, 
and the regular crossbands of light and 
dark dusky in immature birds of the 
species, are in marked contrast to the 
streakeil and clouded tail of harlani, in 
which sti'eaks of red are but occasion- 
ally seen, and white or whitish soon 
becomes the prevailing characteristic. 

Another point of ditfereuce is to be 
found in the absence in harlani of the 
ocherous or reddish shades so common 
in borealis, especially about the head 
and neck. The dusky or black so dom- 
inent in harlani, giving it a blackish 
general effect, is however, only on 
the tips of the plumage, the inner parts 
being white. This white becomes ag- 
gressive with age; and, as the under 
parts tend to l)e pure white, the species 
linally becomes decidedly hoary. 

Allow me to note here, that Mr. 
Ridgeway regards one specimen from 
Iowa as intermediate; and hence be- 
lieves harlani to be simply a geographi- 
cal variety or race. 

Harlan's Buzzard is a Southern var- 
iety, inhabiting the Gulf States and 
Lower Mississippi Valley, sometimes 
straggling to Pennsylvania, Illinois and 


A query was raised in the 0(^logist 
sometime ago, as to the size of the eggs 
of the Broad-winged Hawk. There is a 
very small series in the Nati<iiial Mus- 
eum. The average nuiasuienicnt is 

Please notice that this article is the 
sul)stance of a discussion in the Ornith- 
ologists A.s.sociation, which is ikjw fairly, 
on its feet and in working order. 

J. H. Langim.e. 

Mr. K. J. Brown during a tri)) to 
Coblis Island, Va. the past summer 



found that the Terus once very abun- 
dant there have been nearly extermin- 
ated by the millinery skin-hunters. 

They were slaughtered by the thous- 
ands, and even the native gunnel's de- 
clared it a shame to continue the work 
they were engaged in. 

"Reed-birds and Soi'a Rail have not 
been very abundant, so far, on the Ana- 
costia marshes but the gunners are per- 
sistent. One man reports having killed 
60 Rails wijh only a paddle when the 
marshes were inundated by a freshet. 

It seems to be nothing unusual here 
(D. C.) for Rail as well as Woodcock 
to be found under the telegraph wires, 
killed while migrating at night. 

Is not Sept. 16th rather late for Vir- 
ginia Quails to be incubating? The 
undersigned examined a nest of 13 eggs 
which will probably hatch in a few 

A. B. Faknham. 
Sec. and Trs. of Ornithologist Assoc'u. 

An April's Outing. 

It was a beautiful day, the 20th of 
April last. The sun gave down a ge- 
nial light that bathed the hills and flood- 
ed the valleys, and shed a mild, invigo- 
rating warmth that made all nature 
exult. The sky was clear save for a 
few pearly clouds reposing upon the 
Western horizon which were melting 
away in the swelling tide of day. The 
haze, which in California so often ob- 
scures the vision, was absent; the eye 
could range unrestrained over the vast 
expanse of ripening grain, and view the 
verdant lusti'e of the surrounding hills 
and the rugged desolation of the distant 

From the redolent fields, yet spark- 
ling with dew, the Lark had ushered in 
the morn Avith joyous strains— now the 
air was freighted with the melodious 
mingling of unnumbered sounds and 
scented with the fragrance of myriads 

of blossoms bursting from their night'sc 

It was on such a day that two Oolo- 
gists, the writer being one of the num- 
ber, clad in antiquated garments, 
wended their way through the less fre- 
quented streets of Santa Barbara, past, 
the limits of the city on the outing that, 
this article concerns. Passing through 
a canon contiguous to the city, we, 
with our enthusiasm at its height, 
searched every bush and tree that could 
afford concealment to the nests of birds. 
Descending to the bed of a stream wall- 
ed on either side by pi-ecipitous banks, 
we with no little difficulty, forced our 
way through the tangled growth of 
bushes, vines and weeds that grew sa 
rank along the watered way, and now 
and then scrambled along the faces of 
the encroaching cliffs, which, crumb-, 
ling beneath our weight, afforded us. 
but an insecure passage. My compan-- 
ion, who was in the lead came to a sud- 
den stop and peering over .his shoulder 
in the direction indicated by his staff 
I saw hidden among the leaves of a wild 
rose bush a nest of the Hermann's Song 
Sparrow from which we obtained four 
eggs. Meanwhile a pair of California 
Towhees that seemed unusually inter-, 
ested in our proceedings had attracted 
our attention. We searched for some-- 
time for their nest and finally espied it, 
in a bush at the top of the cliff, and af- 
ter a hard scramble reached the nest 
and obtained three eggs. After pi"o- 
ceeding a short distance we found a 
second nest of the Hermann's Song 
Sparrow similiarly situated audjcontain- 
ing the same number of eggs as the firsts 
By this time we had reached a mass of 
flags through which we could scarcely 
advance. However, we essayed the 
passage, and upon pushing aside the 
flags to facilitate our progress, a nest 
containing four eggs of a Western Yel- 
low-throat was disclosed. At first we 
were doubtful of their identity but the 
time!}' appearance of the parent binl^ 
dispelled our doubts. 



When we emerged from the Ihigs, we 
quit the stream for aa adjacent canon 
where the voices of numberless song- 
sters were lifted in generous emulation 
and countless bees I'oved hither and 
thither culling nectar for their succu- 
lent stores. Here we noticed Parkmaa's 
Wrens in considerable numbers and 
found several of their nests, which arc 
built in the cavities of trees. This bird 
builds its nest as far back in the cavity 
as posible, tilling the interior with a 
collection of small twigs, which pro- 
truding from the opening invariably be- 
trays the presence of the nest. The 
nest is composed of horse* hairs and 
feathers with a piece of snake's skin 
added by way of adornment. 

We obtiined three sets, one of nine 
eggs and two of four. The eggs of this 
species resemble those of the eastern 
House Wren in color, size and shape. 
In the pendulous foliage of the oak the 
California Bush Tit weaves its l)eauti- 
ful nest. This nest is a marvel of bird 
architecture and entirelj' out of propor- 
tion to the diminutive size of the build- 
er. It is the result of many days ardu- 
ous labor, and many miles must be 
traveled by the tiny birds in collecting 
the thousands of particles of wool, 
weeds and lichens used in its construc- 
tion. The nest is cylindrical in form 
with a lateral entrance near the top. 
The walls are composed chiefly of wool 
and lichens, but strings, bits of weeds 
and twigs are used to good advantage; 
the bottom is lined with feathers and 
vegetable down. The average dimen- 
tions are as follows: Length S inches, 
breadth 5 inches, walls* inch, except 
at the bottom, where it is increased to 
2 inches. The eggs are pure white in 
color and measure scarcely one-half 
inch in length. Both the musical Wren 
and the tnjoping Bush Tits do the far- 
mers an incalculable good in the des- 
truction of insect pests. 

When the sun had attained the zen- 
ith, weiound ourselves upon a hill com- 

manding a view of the ocean, wliich 
lay as calm as any inland sea. Here 
while lolling upon the green sward we 
partook of our lunch. 

In close proximity lay a woodland 
through which ran a deep ravine. Thi- 
ther we took our way and renewed the 
search. While wandering about we 
found a nest of Nuttal's Woodpecker in 
a bee tree. My companion visited it a 
few days later on and procured from 
the nest a set of six eggs. A little fur- 
ther on two owls tlew out of a hollow 
ti'ce. My companion ascended the tree 
and after gazing down the cavernous 
depths announced the discovery of a 
nest. Our buoyant hopes rose higher 
and higher. Gazing down the cavity 
until his eyes became acussomed to the 
darkness, my companion beheld,: repos- 
ing upon the questionable debris con- 
tained therein, a solitary egg of hugh 
proportions. In size and conformation 
this egg proclaimed its parentage, while 
its voluble odor, as it permeated the 
circumambient atmosphere, tirmly con- 
vinced us of its age. It was doubtless 
the relic of a pair of Western Horned 
Owls whose fate is an unsolved mystery. 

Next we entered the ravine: where, 
enclosed around with bushy sides, and 
covered high with a foliaceous canopy, 
supported by the bare and rugged 
trunks of sycamore's and oaks, a silence 
reigned in mildness, lonliness and 
peace, while here and there a few strag- 
gling sunbeams found an entrance ant^ 
flickered in the gloom. As we advanced 
the omnious denizens of this umbra- 
geous retreat, startled from their slum- 
bers, sought refuge in soft-winged fliglit 
A Barn Owl sweeping l)y attracted my 
attention and I turned to watch its 
course. As I did so a large owl sprung 
from the l)ank directly opi)osite me, 
and so soft was its flight, that, had I not 
been looking in that direction, it cer- 
tainly would have escaped my notice. 
It being no more than twenty feet di.s- 
taut, I obtained a good view of the l>ir(l 



recognized in it a species strange to me. 
A subsequent consultation of Coues con- 
vinced me that the bird was the rare 
desirable Spotted Owl {Syrnium occi- 
flentale), which is known to breed in 
Southern California. 

My dash up the bank was perhaps in- 
decorous as well as speedy. I searched 
arouad the ferns from whence the owl 
hand flown and soon found the object 
of my quest resting upon a few dry 
leaves in an arched recess in the ferns. 
The eggs were two in number, pure 
white, and measured as follows: 2. 12 
.■xl.68; 2. 24x1 .63. 

While I was thus engaged my com- 
panion, having been attracted by the 
•cat-like cries of the Spurred Towhee, 
Searched in the dense mass of ferns, 
leaves and grass that carpeted the bot- 
tom of the ravine for some depth, and 
formed a nest containing five eggs. A 
second Towhee was flushed in the same 
vicinity and we began to search for its 
nest. We could not find the nest and 
were about to discontinue our search 
when a California Patridge arose from 
between us and fluttered away in a per- 
turbed manner. So dense was the veg- 
atation that it required a lengthy search 
to find the nest, but our eyes sparkled 
'when we finally glanced into the nest, 
fairly lined with the speckled beauties, 
nineteen in all. Barn Owls were num- 
erous, but we found none of their nests. 
Parkman's Wrens were noticed in con- 
siderable numbers and several of their 
nests observed. Now and then the buzz 
of a Hummingbird was heard as the 
little fairy darted about in the passive 
shade. Several of their nests w(u-e 
found but no eggs secured' 

We were now Hearing the limits of 
ravine and, as the hour was late,, we 
concluded to make our way homeward. 
About a mile from the I'avine we added 
to our well filled boxes a set of four eggs 
of the California Woodpecker. 

The day was rapidly drawing ta a 
close; (he shadows stretched their 

lengthening foi-ms across the valley's, 
and from the distant tile-roofed mission 
reposing serenely at the foot of the cir- 
cumjacent hills, came the faint mur- 
mur of the evening chimes. When, 
tired and hungry, we reached the city 
night was at hand, naught but the last 
rays of the sinking sun flickered in the 
Western skies. A quiet peace prevad- 
ed the laud, while from the neighbor- 
ing copse rose the thrashei's song, the 
last requiem for the parting day. 

H. C. LiLLIE, 

Santa Barbara, Cal. 

Eggs of Sharpe's Seed-eater. 

As the eggs of Sporophila morelleti 
sharpei were unknown until a very re- 
cent date, and I believe are described 
in none of the works on oology, a des- 
cription of a set of these in my collec- 
tion taken with the nest at Brownsville, 
Texas, May, 20 1891, and positively 
identified, may be of interest to the 
readers of the Oologist. 

Their ground color is a light bluish- 
green, which is more or less spotted and 
blotched over the entire surface with 
dull brown, more numerous toward the 
larger end. Two of the eggs are also 
marked on the larger end with very 
dark brown (almost approaching black- 
ish) spots and ])lotches. They measure 
.64 X .52, .65 X .51, .66 x .52. 

The nest was situated in a small 
bush in open wood and near a running 
stream. It is rather a frail structure, 
yet well-cupped, and measures outside, 
If inches high and 21 inches in diame- 
ter; while inside it measures H inches 
in depth and If inches in width. It is 
composed of a small yellowish root, 
round grass stems, weeds and a little 
Spanish mo.'s, woven through with 
horse hair. 

The eggs, 1 believe, are known to be 
contained in only twelve collections. 


Ciuciunatns, N. Y. 




AMoNTHLY Magazine Devoted to 



Porn^spon-leiicp ixnrt Items of liiti M--t >n rtu- 
Bturtcrt! lit l;iiUs. LUelr Nests and h^'gs. ^..vpei! 
from all. 

Single SuhsorlpMoii, - - Sdc per annmn. 
Sample I 'opies. ----- sc e mii. 
The above raiea Inclnrle pfiytncnt ot \x 'Stage by us 

iSeiid stamp for Premium Mat. 

mi Butiscrlptlons nuisr bt'L'ln with eltlKT J-itfi..! s 

or July KsMiios. 

nr~ Heinember tlui' t^l^^ putilNhor must Iv no- 

ttflwl t)y leltor when a suii-crtt>--i- wishes hn p.-.. 

per stopped, nud all arretiruge.s must lie p;iid. 

16 ct-s. per agate line each Insertion. I.liwial 
fllscounts win t>e allowed oti liir;?e;ind ciintlnu<-d 
advei'tlsemeuts. Send copy tor iiprcinl ra:es. 

HciiilManees should be made by Dnitt, Express 
or Tost Office Money Order, Keglstered letter or 
Pa«<tal Note. Unused U. 8. Postage Stamps of any 
denomination will be afcepted tor sums under one 
dollar. Make Money Orders and Drafts p.iyat)le 
and address all sulj.'jcrlptlons and couimunlca- 

Albion, Orleans Co., «. Y. 

•»• Articles, Items of Interest and Queries 
Ibr publication should be forwarded as curly li> 
tbe month as possible 

»irre«6o *T THE t 

How I Obtained an Oriole's Nest. 

About May 2Tth, I chanced to find an 
Oriole's nest in an oak tree some thirty 
feet from tlic ground. Oriole's eggs 
being somewhat scarce in this county I 
Ihought of all possible means by which 
the nest might be obtained, 

Finally I tlioiight of a plan that was 
worked successlully with a Humming- 
bird's nest. 

Taking a pole that would just suj)- 
port the nest by resting it on the 
ground, I <h(»ve two nails in the (^id 
for the twigs to rest in which held the 

Then planting it firmly on the ground, 
making suro the liml) was sui)j)ort(Ml l)y 
the end of the ])ol(^ I took a 22-caL rille 
and sliot the liml) off just al)ovc th(; 
place resting on flic pole, and by some 

means the limb fastened itself around 
the pole and came sliding down. I 
caught it when it was "catchable," and 
on inspection I found it to contain three 
tinely marked fresh eggs, not one of 
wliich liail l)cen Ijroken. 

Tiie nest was sensibly built contain- 
ing chicken feathers with the sharp 
ends stuck through to tlie out side.mak 
ing a safe resting place for the Oriole's 

Geo. Mims, 
Edgetield, S. €. 

Shall We Hare a General Association of 
Scientists ? 

Organization is the^rule to-day among 
all vocations but that of the scientist. 

To-day there is not a single general 
association of scientists, founded upon 
sutHciently liberal principals to enable 
it to do ettective work, for, our profes- 
sion as an entity. 

We are scattered abroad far and wide 
throughout the land, and have no facili- 
ties for becoming acquainted and can- 
not resist the attacks of our common 
enemies, who are thoroughly organized. 
Have scientists enemies? Certainly 
they have. Take the scientitic profes- 
sion as an entity, and you cannot find a 
profession accomplishing more for the 
general good of humanity, or one upon 
which mankind in general, are more de- 
pendent. And yet everywhere we meet 
only blind bigotry and intolerance, u 
relic of the barbarous age of the past, 
when the scientist was considered a ma- 
gician in league with devils, hence to be 
persecuted, tortured and put to death. 
To-day scientists are considered van- 
dals, cranks, fools, fanatics, etc., butts 
of i-idicule for the ignoramous. 

And this same spirit of intolerance 
and persecution has pervaded all our 
legislative halls, and left its imprint on 
all our statute books. 

In Mieliigau this is esiiecially the case. 
No scientist working in any deiiartincnt 



is safe iu doiug the work legitimately 
belouging to his profession. 

The Geologist, Botanist, Ornitholo- 
gist,Ichthyologist,or Mammalogist finds 
himself confronted ou every hand by 
la.vs which, were a complaint made, 
would subject him to severe penalties. 
The Icthj-ologist makes himself a law- 
breaker if he preserves a specimen of a 
fish. The law distinctl}' says that ncj 
minnows or small fish fry shall be taken 
for any purpose except for bait, and 
makes the possession of a fish scale, fish 
tail, or a fish's ^n, prima facia evidence 
of a violation of law. Woe unto the 
Biologist who attempts to make any in- 

The Ornithologist onl^' is recognized 
and he only is insulted and treated as a 
Vandal. He must get a special permit 
for each month to take two of each spe- 
cies in one county only and onl}' of such 
species as are named in his application. 
A fine of $5 is imposed for every bird's 
egg collected, and no permits issued. 

A Botanist may be arrested and pun- 
ished for any specimen of plant he ma}' 
dig up. The Geologist for any speci- 
men he raaj' collect. 

That there should be some laws pro- 
tecting birds, fish, game, etc , is plainly 
proper, but the scientist is not the van- 
dal that calls for these laws. It is the 
professional sport, the small boy, the 
vandal who kills the small birds to ob- 
tain their skins to ornament some so- 
called lady's head, that need to be reg- 
lilated. Some scientists may be wan- 
tonly destructive, what vocation has no 
black sheep V these should also be re- 
strained. But it is an outrage, and in- 
sult, that no other vocation would bear 
to be treated as the Michigan statue 
books treat us. 

Shall we as scienti.sts continue to 
tamelj' submit to such ti'eatmentv Is it 
not evident that we must combine foi- 
inutual protection? And, what voca- 
tion is not benefited, enlightened, and 
advanced by an organization, and con- 

sequent meetings? Someone asks, why 
is a general organization desirable? 
For the reason there is really but one 
great broad field of science comprising 
to be sure of several departments, each 
department having its own special 
C(n-ps of workers, and yet all these de- 
partments are mutually related and 
workers iu each department have mu- 
tual interests with those of every othei* 

Besides there are generalists among- 
scientists, Linneus, Agassiz, Darwin, 
Baird, et al, were generalists, notably 
Linneus, who left his imprint upoi^ 
eveiy department of Botany and Zoolo-. 
og3% one cannot glance over works in 
these branches without profound aston- 
ishment at the vast amount of work ae- 
complishhd by thess workers, as evi-. 
denced by the vast numbers of species 
that he named in both the animal and 
vegetable kingdoms. Darwin workec^ 
in the same fields, Agassiz and Baird 
left their imprint upon all branches of 

No worker in any branch of the vast 
field of science can proceed far without 
finding golden chains binding all bran- 
ches of science together. Then why not 
a general organization for mutual pro- 
tection, improvement, and advance- 

Four classes of labors sliould be rev 
cognized in such an organization, — the. 
pi'ofessional, the amateur, the student, 
and the friend of science. Each should 
be duly noticed and encouraged. Suit- 
able fields for work may be found for 
each of these classes, bigotrj' and intoK 
erance should be frowned upon. 

There should be national, state and 
local organizations, and national, state 
and local meetings. Each organization 
should own and control a museum and 
library. Scientific expeditions should 
l)e fitted out. Annual encampments in 
localities specially fitted for field work 
and others practical work, should not 
Ijc neglected. 



In this organization let lis have no 
discrimination regarding sex, race or 

But let us have one great brother- 
hood, — rememheriug that we all belong 
to the great Brotherhood of man. 

And let us each remember that we as 
scientific investigators are but students 
i)f the great book of the works of God, 
the great Creator of all things, and we 
]n\t His children. What we now need 
most to bring about such an organiza- 
tion is enthusiasm and earnest A\ork. 

It can be done. Let us go at it, Fel- 
low-workers in the lield of sciencel We 
are bi'others! Let us recognize our I'c- 
lationship and combine together that 
we may pi'otect ourselves and build 
each other up, as well do more to en- 
lighten our fellow men. Let us hear 
from all. 


Rochester, Mich. 

A Trip to Cobb's Island- 

May 19, 1891. 

Arrived at the island this afternoon. 
Dn the way out from the mainland stop- 
ped in New Marsh for the afternoon 
shooting, which we found t(j be very 

Saw a good manj' Curlew, but they 
would not decoy. Killed two Gray- 
back, seventeen Turn.stone, three Black- 
Ijellied Plover, one Greater-Yellow legs, 
ten Red-l)acked Sandpiper and a lot of 
smaller fry. 

May 20th. This morning I walked up 
the beach about two miles, and put out 
decoj's on edge of surf. Bagged a pair 
of Black-belUed Plover and four Turn- 
stones, when I had to pack up and 
make tracks for home on account of a 
heavy thiimler stonn. Saw a gn'at 
man}' American Oyster-catchers near 
the ui)per end of Island, l)ut did not 
have time to look for their nest then. 

May 21st. Left Coljb's early this 
morning and .^ailcd down to Smith's Is- 
land after Great Blue Heron. On the 

way down we i)asscil Mockhorn Island, 
where there were hundreds of Willet 

Saw a great many Curlew, and about 
a dozen Cormorant. 

At Smith's Island there is a large 
heronry of the Great Blues, but all the 
nests were in tall dead pines, which (as 
we had no "irons" with us,) we were 
unable tcf climb. 

There were also a great many Fish 
Hawks' nests on the island. 

May 22d. As this was to be mj' last 
day on the island, and the men had re- 
ported a few Robin Snipe as having 
lieen seen, I took ray gun and a dozen 
tin decoys and walked up the beach. 

About a mile up, I stooled out on the 
edge of the surf, and in a very short 
time had nineteen fine i^lump Robin 
Snipe inside my blind. 

Along with I bagged about two 
dozen Plover and smaller birds. After 
putting u]) my decoj's and game, I walk- 
home through tlie marsh, and lilled my 
hat with Clapper Rails eggs. 

During my whole trip I saw very few 
Terns or Gulls of any kind. Also found 
Yellow Legs very scai'ce. 

One peculiarity about the island, and 
a very good one, is the total absence of 
the English Sparrow. 

Wm. H. Fisher, 

Balto, Md. 

One of Indiana's New Laws- 
The Ornithologist has wonaiulis hap- 
py. Indiana has at last got a law that 
if the Ijirds could read, would make 
them feel very secure. I thouglit that 
perhaps the reailers of the Oologlst 
would like to hear this law and lind 
how they can get a permit. The fidloW' 
iiig is the law in full: 

Section 1. IJh It enactecl by the (Juneral As- 
.lenibly of the Slate of liuliaiui. That It shall tw 
unlawful for any per.sou to kill any wild bird 
other than a ),'anie bird or olTer for 
sale any such wild bird after it has been killed, 
or to destroy the nest or egg« of any wild bird. 
Sec. a l''or the pun'o^e "f th'** sw^t the follow- 
ing .shall be cousklered game bird.i: the Anatl- 
diie. commonly called swaus, geese, brant, and 
river and sea ducks; the KalUdae, commonly 



known rails, coots, mnri-hens and pallinales: 
the Limicolae pommnnly known as shore birds. 
' plovers, surf birds, snipe. woodcocK- and sand 
pipers, tattlers and cTirlews: the Gallinae com- 
monly known as wild turkeys, proiise. prairie 
chickens, quail, and pheasants, all of which are 
not intended to be affected by this act. 

Sec. 3 Any person violatinR the pro\'1sions 
of Section 1 of this act shall upon conviction be 
fined In a sum not less than ten nor more than 
flftv dollars to which may be added imprison- 
ment for not less than five days nor more than 
thirty days. 

Sec. 4 Sections 1 and 2 of this net shall not 
applv to anv person holding a permit givine 
the rieht to take birds or their nests and eKC? 
for scientific purposes, as provided In Section 5 
of this act. 

Sec. 5 Permits may be granted by the Exeii- 
tive Board of the Indiana Academy of .Science 
to any propeiiy accredited person permitlncr 
the holder thereof to collect birds, their nests 
or eggs for strickly scientific purposes. In or- 
der to obtain such a permit the applicant for 
the same must present to said Board written 
testimonials from two well-known nHtnrnlists 
certif^nue to the good character and fitness of 
said aipplicant to be intrusted -s^ith such a privi- 
lege and pay to said Board one dollar to defray 
the necessary expense attending the grnntiiig 
of such permit, and must file with said Board a 
pronerlv executed bond in the sum of two hun- 
dred dollars, signed by at least two responsible 
Citizens of the state as'sureties. The bond shall 
be forfeited to the state and the pennit become 
void unon proof that the holder of such permit 
has killed any bird or taken the nests or eggs 
of anv bird for any other purpose than that 
named in this section and shall further be sub- 
sect for such offense to the penalties provided 
In this act. 

Sec. 6. The permits authorized by this act 
shall be In force for two years only from the 
date of their issue and shall not be transfer- 

Sec. 7. The English or European house spar 
row (passer domesticus). crows, hawks and 
other birds of prey are not included among the 
birds protected by this act. 

Sec. 8. All acts or paits of acts heretofore 
passed in conflict with the provisions of this act 
are hereby repealed. 

Sec. 9. An emergency is delared to exist for 
the immediate taking effect of this act, there- 
fore the same shall be in force and effect from 
and after its passage. 

You see that the birds of Indian aare 
pretty well protected if the law is car- 
ried out but it seems as though people 
don't care whether it is or not, for they 
will let boys and men go shooting Night 
hawks, (commonly known as bull bats), 
as if there were no laws to protect them 
I have a report indirectly from Colum- 
bus that they were being killed by scores 
and just for pleasure at that. It is also 
reported that they are wantonl}' killed 
here in Indianapolis. Now what is the 
use of having a law if it can't be upheld 
and I think every bird loving person 
should rise up and uphold this law 

which is complete in every detail, It 
would be very interesting to the readers 
of the OOLOGlST I should think to have 
the laws of every state published that is 
those laws that concern the protection 
of our native birds so let us near fron\ 
others on this subject. 

H. A. Hess. 

Bird-Nesting in North-west Canada^ 

Finely Illustrated with Photo-Engrav^ 
ings and Colored Plates. 

Price. $2.00. To subscribers ordering 
before October 30th, $1.25. 

The above book gives an account of a 
collecting trip to the North-west. It 
describes in an interesting manner the 
experience of the writer and his collec- 
tors in a region which might be called 
the Ornithologist's Paradise. The 
country explored stretches from Win-, 
nipeg to within sight of the Rocky 
Mountains, a distance of nearly one 
thousand miles, and, as might be ex^ 
pected in such a wide tract of country, 
many rare birds were found breeding. 
It gives a full account of the nesting 
habits of such birds as Canada Goose, 
Baldpate, Bufile-headed Duck, CanvaS' 
back, Little Brown Crane, Yellowlegs, 
Wilson's Phalarope and Snipe, Avocet, 
Buff-breasted Sandpiper, White Pelican, 
American Goshawk, Hawk Owl, Rusty 
Grackle, McCown's Lonspur, Chestnut- 
colored Longspur, Pigeon Hawk, Bon- 
aparte's Gull and other rare species. 
It also contains plates of many of the 
above birds' nesls and eggs; and also 
gives colored plates of eggs of Yellow- 
legs, Wilson's Pualarope, Knot, etc. 
The eggs of the Knot have never pre- 
viously been figured in any ornitholo- 
gical work. 

This book will be found interesting 
reading to British as well a American 
Ornithologists, as it describes the nests 
and eggs of many species which occur 
in Europe as occasional visitors. 

The price to subscribers ordering be- 
fore October 30th will be $1.25: to Brit- 
ish Ornithologists 5 shillings. The ill- 
ustnitions are worth the money. 

Send in your order at once as only a 
limited number of copies will be print- 

The above is a jDortion of a circular 
received from Mr- Walter Raine, the 
well-known Canadian Oologist, of Ton 



onto. The readers of the Oologist de- 
siring a valuable addition to their libra- 
ry will wisely procure Mr. R.'s work, 
or at any rate send for complete circu- 
lar announcement. 

Amerioan Miorosoopioal Society- 

We have before us a "special circu- 
lar" briefly outlining the fourteenth 
annual meeting of the above Society — 
at Washington, on Aug 11-14. 

In conclusion this circular says: 

n "It is hoped that all members will 
use their best endeavors to make the 
aims and purpose of the American Mi- 
croscopical Society known to those of 
their friends or acquaintances who do 
or should take an interest in microsco- 
pical study or investigation, and to in- 
duce them to join. The dues are so 
small, and so much is to be gained by 
association in such science, that we 
should have on our role, every one in 
the United States, who uses a micros- 
cope. By a small effort on the part of 
each member, a large accession of new 
memljers can be obtained at the next 

It is difficult for the secretary of the 
Society to find out in our great coun- 
try, the names of all those, so numer- 
ous, who are interested in the micros- 
cope, and who would be likely to be- 
come members of the society, if its 
character and work are made known to 
them. It is therefore particularly de- 
sired, that every one who knows and is 
favorably disposed toward the society, 
will make known to the secretary, the 
name and address of any whc^ may be 
induced to become memliers, so that 
the secretarj- can send them the circu- 
lars, etc., published from time to time 
by the society, and that they may in 
this way l)ecome acquainted with it and 
be induced to join it. 

Blank api)lications for membership 
mav l)e obtained by addressing the sec- 
retary Dr. \V. H. Seaman, 1424 11th St., 
Washington, D. C." 

Fremde Eier im Nest. 
(Another Bird's K(j(js in the Nc-'^l.) 

The above is the title of an unique 
work recently published by Dr. Paul 
Levcrkuhn, C. M. A. O. U.,C. M. Z. S., 

etc., of Munich, and otfered to Ameri-. 
can collectors through his agent, Mr. 
A. E.Pettit, Box 2060, New York. The 
volume contains 212 pages bound in pa- 
per and as the heading suggests, is 
printed in German, price prepaid, $2. 

This work is not a money making 
scheme and the Dr. desires to sell copies 
only sufficient to pay actual expense of 
publishing, and only one hundred 
copies have been alotted American Or- 
nithologists. We especiallj' recommend 
the work to our German patrons and 
to our many bird-loving readers who 
are or have been students of • the 
German language. A German friend 
kindly reviews the work for us as fol- 

The author, well-known in Germany 
as an Ornithologist, discusses what is to 
us a somewhat novel ornithological sub^ 
ject: The behavior of parent birds ag- 
gainst eggs not deposited by themselves 
m their nest, but introduced by other 
birds of the same species or another 
one, or by men. He gives a mass of de- 
tails under each head of the four divi- 
sions, into which he divides his theme 
and he takes many from the American 
iteratui-e, which he knows in a sur- 
prising manner. All little journals are 
earched and investigated. Our broth- 
er ornithologists in Europe spent the 
highest pride and acknowledgement to 
the work so to the Edinbtirgh News- 
paper the ''Scotsman" writes in his re- 
view of books: 

"Mr. Paul Leverkuhn has studied tlio 
matter with a care that goes to the 
ground of it and seems to leave nothing 
to be done by a successor." 

Siinilal criticisms appeared in the 
Iljis, Zool. Gard., Ornith. Monthly, Na- 
ture. Feathere<l World, Helios and 
manv other periodicals. We rei-oni- 
menil the handy volume, printed in 
large (Mcero type on good paper to 
all our readers. 


When sutTering from Malaria or Bil- 
ious Fever, don't wreck your general 
he:ilth with (Hiinine or other naiiseoti.s 
drugs. ilniui)lireys' Specifics Nos. Ten 
and Sixteen cllcct'a speedy and periua- 
neut cure. 




Put in a Curiosity Counter? 

Don't you think it would pay you to obtain a stock of, say, any- 
where from $10. to $100. worth of Bazaar Goods, Shells, Agates and 
Curios to add a variety^ to your present collection, and put in a curiosi- 
ty counter in your store for the Holiday trade? If you have not a 
store, place the counter in the store of your father, uncle, cousin, friend 
or anywhere you can obtain a Suitable location and make advantageous 

Such a display would prove the biggest "crowd catcher" in town 
and from that stand-point alone would more than pay any merchant 
for the space occupied. 

There's $ $ In It! 

In a good location, with a suitable display your curio counter 
would bring in from $100 to $1000 during the season, upon which 
there would be a GOOD BIG PROFIT. 

Now I have lots or just such material on hand left from my Chau- 
tauqua and Exposition trade, rather than carry this surplus over for 
another season will sell at very low rates, if you cannot personally make 
your selections, but will send me the amount you wish to invest and 
give me an inkUng of about what you want I will personally and judi- 
ciously make a selection for you that I will guarantee to give you big 
satisfaction in every particular and will make the prices to you lower 
than you could possibly duplicate elsewhere. 

Remember I also carry a full line of Agate, Spar, Pj^rites and 
Shell Jewelry and Novelties. Write what you want. 





Is now ready for delivery. It contains the 
names and addresses of tlie principal Ornitho- 
logists and Oologists of North America, etc., 
r>0 pages, printed on yood booli paper and bound 
in heavy antique covers. 

Price Post-paid 25 cents. 

Oilman, Ills. 


That our office is now fully equipped with 
new type of the latest styles, iiew presses and 
new stock, and that we are prepsu'ed to furnish 

of any description, neatly and promptly execut- 
ed at reasonable rates. When you need any- 
thing in our line, it will only cost you a 3-cent 
stamp for our estimates and samples of our 
worlt. Address. 

The Ballelin Printing Co,, 

(Succesors to W. A. Crooks & Co.,) 
OILMAN, - - Ills. 



An illustrated price-list of Electrotypes of 
Birds sent free. Just the thing to use on your 
letter heads, circulars, etc. Engraving to or- 
der. H. A. CARHART, Syracuse, N. Y. 



Soldiers disabled since the war are entitled 

Dependent widows and parents now depen- 
dent, whose sons died from eflecis (;f army ser- 
vice are inc/uded. If you wish your claim 
spee lily and sucressfully prosecuted, address, 


Late Com"r of Pensions, 

Washington. D. 0. 


For INVE;NT()KS. 411-pagt; I'.UOK KKEK. Addres.s 
W.T.Kltz-gfrald, Attorney at Law.WasihlngUjnD.c. 


Big bargains. List for stamp. 



Are making from ^2 to #6' j)er week by 
scUiiKj to their acquaintances our large 
Photo Engracing of 

Niagara pallg. 

Send 18 ctft. in stamjysfor sample and 
inMructions. Every News Agent and 
Stationer should handle these pictures. 
150 per cent profit. Address 

68 Hayden St., Toronto, Canada 

Egg Collectors, Attention ! 

W. A. OLDFIELD, Port Sanilac.Mich. 


ITortli Amfirican Bird's Eggs. 

i„ f\::--\ii^ni 

iriil I'OSn Ivri.Y CUAII \^TEB 
you loprrsonnlly receive 6i/0 Sam- 
ple*, L.ioka, I rtien, Foper*. nasa> 
lines etr., t'llLi:; al'o. insert yuur 
^!lme iind nddreob in buld ( v pe In lk« 



Klilrh sueii WhirlinaALI,0> 1 It (ha The entire Int, l>n.lvuid to'.>Urt... VWr.V, KKOK iLL 

FIKTHER EXrE.NSE. Send lo-day. 

We reply br return malt. AddreM, 


No. 50 BUFFALO, N.Y. 




III u-e iu v.ars Tlie only snccespfnl for 

Nervous Debility, Vital Weakness, 

and I'roslration, from' over work or otli.-r >""Hps. 
$1 nor vittl, or vialH and liirt'i^ vml powil<-r. '<'r»0; 
Sold by DuriiOisTs, or wnt jiostpalil on ri'celpo 

Oor. William and John Sts., N. i. 

tmsiiifssiiiiil ;iiUlrt 

Cards and Letter Heads at saiiie price. 


ICX) each for only $1. J«^AKeiits wanted. Ufg 
pay. Outfit Tic. A. M. EDDY. Albion, N.Y. 

colored, with name, 
business ami aildress. for -toe., postpaid. 


The Greatest Bvisiness UniverRity in America: over IFOO stnclents attended last year, more 
than twice as large an attendance as all other business colleges in Clererand combined :more than 
1(100 students who attended last year are now holding good positions. The Euclid Ave. Business 
College employs a corps of -10 men. nearly one-half of whom have formerly l^een college presi- 
dents" With such a faculty is it any wonder that its graduates are sought by business men. 
183 Graduates received diplomas at our last graduating exei'cises; of that number 175 were hold- 
ing good positions within 30 days from that date. Nearly 3<X) -nill receive diplomas at our next 
annual commencement. Send lor circulars or call at the main office, 10 Euclid Ave. Telephone 
No. 53n. M. J. CATON. Pres. 

N. B.— We have branch colleges in Buffalo. N. Y., and Detroit, Mich. Scholarships good in 
any of the colleges belonging to the Caton system. 

TRAPPED BIRDS. Parties wanting live birds 
such as Cardinal Grose-beaks, Texan Bob 
Whites and many others. Address with stamp 
KIT ATKINSON, Dime Box, Texas. 

A STEVENS 22-cal. rifle in fine condition, for 
$9 cost *18. EDWIN WEBB, 611 E. Front St., 
Bloomington. 111. 

MATTERS.— Will all interested in any 
branch of science please send me their address? 
Shall we not have a general association of Sci- 
entists for protlction and mutual advancement, 
to include profes.sionals, ameteurs and stu- 
dents of science as well as friends of science? 


Practical Taxidermist, Brockport, N. Y 

Dealer in Bird Skins, Eggs, Mounted Birds, 
and Ciii'iosities. Send for price lists. Taxider- 
my exei -uted in all its branches. Work the fin- 
est prices the lowest. Can furnish (mounted to 
order I any bii"d obtainable. Correspondence 


Is the Name of a 40-page Monthly Magazine 

Published at Mount Holly, North Carolina. 
All persons wishing to learn all about North 
Carolina, her unlimited resourses, unrivaled 
climate, and unparalleled inducements offered 
new settlers, also a full history of her flowers, 
birds and natural cunositles, shoiild send ."> one- 
cent postage stamps for copy of OUR SOUTH- 
ERN HOME and receive also our little book 
entitled 'The Grape. Finait and Trucking in- 
du.strv of North Carolina. Address, M. H. 
PRIDE. Moimt Holly, North Carolina. 

BEAUTIFUL Michigan Wild Flowers. Some 
ordf'red of me by Coluniljian Exposition 
Authorities. Three catalogues, each free. No. 
1. descriptive Retail list. No. 2, Wholesale trade 
list, No. 3, Carp Pond list. 

Wilfred A- Brothcrton, 





Duplicates can b(^ returned. 


Catalogue for stamp. 

rn(3Q!TT Q) 10 Species,; 20 for 7.5c: S5 for $1.50; 
rUijOlLO. 50 for $3.00: 75 for mm. 111. List. 


FRANK KINNE, Knoxville, Iowa. 

YsTlsA. G. SMITH, 


tSlrd^, Wlamme^l^ and £^^5, 


I make a specialty of mailing birds same day 
as skinned, or sent in the flesh after subjecting 
them to a preservative preparation. Enclose 
stamp for Price List. 



%§^^ Monthly. "^fj^ f^"- "' "' 

50c. per Yoar. ^^f 

VOL. vm. 

ALBION, N. Y., NOV., 1891. 

No. 11 

Exchanges and Wants. 

Brief special auiionncements, "Wants," "Ex- 
changes" inserted in this department for '<2jc 
per 'Jo words. Notices over a6 words, charged 
at the rate of one-half cent per word. No 
notice In.serted for less than 25c. Notices 
which are merely indirect methods of soliciting 
cash purch:i.'<ers cannot be admitted to these 
columns under any circumst-^uices. Terms, 
cash with order. 

' EXCHANGE. -I have first and secon-i- 
' LTfrs in sinprU's or in sets to exchange fi)r 
RALPH MATTESON, 114 North St.. 
(.ialcsliurs, ni. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Minnie Balls of the late 
war. old bank checks etc., for Relics, Curios. 
Coins, Confederate Stamps.Fossils etc. EWIN 
L. DAVIS. Tullahoma. Tenn. 

embalming: The only life-like way of 
monntinK birr^s. I Avill send full receipt f(jr 
every a-)C worth of et?gs sent. ARTHUR J. BA- 
KER, Forlville. Ind. 

FOR SALiK. — A coll<>'!tion of r)osta£fe stamps. 
. iinv)n.s':;i:r .'^111 varieties in Scotfs fl..T(") album 
i'ii-$;(). \\'ri'«> for DJirt'cu'ars. All letters an.s- 
were.1. CLAU'C MAM ^ Chevenue. Wyo. 

I 'iWE fi'ie full sats of Coofs. Gallinules, 
( ;rebes and Bitterns to exchange for eggs. skins 
-hi-lls and miuer.'ils. Also have sixty species of 

■'111 and ''resh water shells to exchange. Dr. 
W. S. STRODE, Bernadotte. 111. 

WANTED.— Collection of desirable eggs, as 
many as vou have. Send I'st of eggs, also 
-tate what you want. G. W. ERWIN, Box 243. 
' ;iddlngs. Texas. 


: 10. — Snowy Heron 4-A. 5-.1. 
I. Fla. Grackle v!-;i. 'J-4. Mock- 
d other set" with data, for 
RSSK MILLER, 184 DaUa.s 


A 'I i: 1.: 

ColtV p-v, 

il KEY and sounder, an old 

iid ball Revolver, and single 

li'a'l. in exrliauge for Indian 

■lANUSFISHER.Jr., I« South 


\ >' .K for book on Oi-nlthologj*. or 
M" Tools, the following first-class 
I I : ."> sets 4.'ll '4. nest. :i sets CJlJa 'i 

" ^"IWNLEY. Cuyamaca. Calif. 

■ K.— An International Stanij) 

...iiLh edition, almost new. with 

.lined at iW for an egg cabinet. All 

red. F. G. HARGEST, 278 Hooper 

TO EXCHANCuE.- 400 Tobacco Tags, 140 cig- 
arette i)ictures. .-iO ."Sc novels, to exchange fot 
best offers in Indian Relics. Address. L. M, 
DRESSER. P. O. Box 1.'>I, Georgetown, Mass. 

WANTED.— Live Squirrels of all kinds, will 
^Ive tli-st-class eggs or cash. R. H. THOMP- 
SON, 1109 St, Paul St., Biiltimore^ Md. 

WANTP:D.--A first-class side-blown egg of 
White Falcon. Will pay cash for same, any 
person having above for sale address, E. B. 
SCHRAGE, Pontiac, Mich. 

WANTED to exchange a live Homed Owl, 
l)erfectly gentle ; for eggs, sets or singles.cllmb- 
ers or Taxidermists' tools. All inquiries ans- 
wered. T. KEYWORTH, Entomologist, Mar- 
i,ssa. Ills, 

FOR EXCHANGE,— Hartz Mountain Cana- 
rles, Parroquets and other land birds, PaiTot 
and other cages, for tirst classaSea Shells, Co- 
rals, Curios. Bird Skins and Eggs. C;.F.CARR, 
Madison, Wis. 

WANTfiD,— Ornithological magazines and 
works, aud a pair of climbers. Will give Gold- 
en Days and other papers aud 100 Stamps. 
RALPH H. ROCKWOOD, WatervlUe, MaiueT 

TO E.KCHANGE.— I have a limited number 
comjileU' sets of the Wisconsin Naturalist 
which I will mail to anyone sending me ?l.00 
worth of Birds' Eggs, Skins, Curio, or Sea 
Shells at list prices. C. F. CARR, Madison, 

FOR EXCHANGE.-Carpenter Tools, Read- 
ing Matter. Curios. Minerals. Woods, Shells, 
Foreign .Sl:iihps. Books, °,lob Printing, Cala, 
Eggs, aud others for Minen'Is. Fossils, Shells, 
Tvp<'. Scientilic Books and others. U. L. 
HERTZ, Napa City, Cala. 

TO EXCHAN(;E,— 1 pair Roller Skates, an 
Albino .S))!irrow, a Pheasant, Fox Squiirel, 
Blue Heron. Chli) Miuik. and Navy Revolver. 

WANTKD.— Eggs, many common .sets, as 
well as rare ones; Have to olTer in exchange, 
sets of Osprey. Hawks. Owls, (iulls. Herons, 
Plovers. W'arblers. rare sets and comnuni. Min- 
erals, Curiosities, Stamps, Send lists and re- 
ceive mine In returu. CHARLES K. DOE, .'i.'i 
Comstock Ave., Provlence, R. I. 

WANTED,— At once Conns' Key last edition. 
If in good cfUjdltloii will tri\'' in exchange si-ven 
sets of the Blaek-clilnned llnninier or four sets 
of Annas and four of the Bl.iek-ehlnned all 
first -class sets of two eggs each with datas and 
nests. M. L. WICKS, Jr.,Cor 1st and Hill St.s., 
Los Ang"'--- ' ■ ''^ 



TO EXCHANGE. — Pirstrclass California 
eggs in sets aud single swith data, also stvapijed 
climbing irons, for eggs in sets, skins, fire arms 
etc KAY L. WILBEB, Riverside, Gala. 

WANTED.— Fine Minerals. Crystals, Indian 
Relics. Nat. History specimens. Curiosities. 
etc. for same from Kans. Correspondence de- 
sired. G. E. WElLiLS, Manaliattan. Kans. 

EXCHANGE. Animals in the meat. Eggs. 
Naturalists. Supplies. Stamps aud Pliilatelic, 
papers for coins, ^ggs. Taxidermists Tools. In- 
dian Relics, Books on Ornittiology and Natural 
History and live stock. R. L. WHEELER, 15 
Varney St., Lowell. Mass. 

I WILL give So. worth of good sets for a pair 
Cimbing Irons v^'ith straps. Lattin's latest scyle 
and in good condition. FRED A. SCHNEIDER 
College Park, Calif. 

TO EXCHANGE. — First-class eggs with 
data: I'-i. 16. 'i9. a)a, 49. 108, 12()c, 133b, A. O. U. 
Want good 32 Cal. rifle, large Colt, or Smith & 
Wesson revolver, large hunting knife and 
tennis rac:ket. ' E. R. ZION, . Stanford Univer- 
sity. Meulo Park, Gal. 

TAXIDERMISTS! For every 25c worth of 
eggs sent me I will mail a sample bottle of my 
Tanning Litiuid. which I have iised exclus'vely 
for years. Sample of work done in 12 hours 
fTee. write for particulars. Address, J. E. 
Houseman, Box 3ol. London. Ont. 

HAVE a fine telescope, and cast of Gt. Auk. 
to exchange for Coiies' Key, Ornithological 
papers etc. W. LOUCKS, 166 1st Ave., Cedar 
Rapids. la. 

WANTED.— To correspond with Botanists 
for the purpose of arranging exchanges for the 
coming year. Send List of "plants common to 
yom- locality. ALBERT GARRETT, Law- 
rence, Kansas. 

A BARGAIN. —For every 1st or 3d class egg 
cat. 10 cts. or over, sent me" I will send one fine 
skate egg. Also fosFils and curios to ti-ade. 
J. W. MYKRANTZ. Ashland, Ohio. 

EXCHANGE.— Magic Lant«ni and Slides 
(^•25) Upright Engine (fl .00) und Books, for 
eggs. Stuffed Birds aud Cui'ios not in my col- 
lection. \V. F. MOUNTAIN, 36B William St. 
East Orange. N. J. 

DETECTIVE CAMERA of some good make 
wanted, will give a bargain to the right party, 
have to exchange rare western Bird Skins 
(over 400). Washburn Guitar, value ^-^i.OO. or 
pav part cash. .GEO. G. CANTWELL, 105 
Pike's Peak ave., Colorado Springs, Colo. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— A 20-bore gun with 100 
shells and implements complete. Will ex- 
change for $15 worth of tirst-class skins with 
full data, or will sell for $34 cash. Only parties 
having such need apply. BRAD A. SCUDDER 
Highland St., Taunton. Mass. 

LOOK.— I have a photographic apparatus 
and outtit worth *60. Will sell for $30. or ex- 
change for best offer of Rirds' Eggs, Coins or 
Indian Relics. V. MUELLER, 346 »th St. Mil- 
waukee, Wis. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— An advanced Taxider- 
mists outfit containing the following : 3 pairs 
pliers, one large and one small. 1 Scalpel. 1 
pair tweezers, 5 awls, 1 small mallet, 1 set 
chains and hooks, 1 set ft curved needles, and 3 
taxidermists file. Will exchange for sets of 
blrd.s eggs or perfect aiTowheads. K. B. 
MATHES, L. Box 84 Albion, N. Y. 

WANTED.— The following sets, for which we 
will pay cash— if prices are moderate. The sets 
must be 1st class with authentic dates, showy 
eggs, number in set a full average, and in all 
respects desirable : A. O. U. Nos. 7. I.'i3, 144, 
146. Wi. 185. 334, 3rM, 2.S5. 360, 271, 2^5. 289, .500. 301). 
310. 365. 41)4, 534. 674. Have about 40 varieties in 
sets if anv one prefers an exchange— 1st class. 
Address M. S. HAINES. Box 118.5, Station C.. 
Los Angeles, Cal. No postals. 

TOEXCr^ANGE.— A solid gald enam»>lled 
locket., has not been worn only two or three 
times and is in perfect condition. wholes:ilo 
price $5. 0();For bes*^ offer of Miner;\ls. pol'shed 
shells or Indian Relics. GEO. W. DIXON. 
Watertown, S. D. 

WANTED.— Houes' Kev, Mineralogy. Eggs, 
Minerals, and Skins. A. 6. U. 3r3. ,379. 381. 40.5. 
.S'.'ft 364. 267. 34. Can offer Eggs. Skins four 
vols. Youth's Co^-ipan'on. Taxidermy by Man- 
ton. ,31X) Toba -'-o Tjmjts. Printins: Press. Adven- 
tures by Henrv M. .Stnul^y (800 pngesl. Mount- 
ed Coon for best offer of eggs or nn'riprals. Let- 
ters ■mswere'l. NATHAN L. DAVIS, Box 334. 
Brockport, N. Y. 

Chestnut-bellied Scaled Quail. 

We hav- .inst received a large ser'es of very 
fine sets of the above Species. ran<r'ng from 7 
to 15 eggs to the set. until .Tan 1st (if supply 
holds out) we will sell in sets at 'i nsml prices, 
or at the lovi' rate of onlv 2-"''C per eyg s'Ufle 
eirsrs ;:?0c each. Order early. FRANK H. LAT- 
TIN. Albion, N. Y. 

^H\sA. G. SMITH. 


"Sird^, IV]®TnTn©l5 and £^^5, 

I make a specialty of mailing birds same day 
as skinned, or sent in the flesh nfter sub.iecling 
them to a preservative prepar?.tion. Enclose 
stamp for Price List. 


For Seeds in Silk Oulttiro, Different Spt-cies, 

Also the celebrated Madras Silk:,Cocoo7is, 

vmrranted to be raised successfully in 

WANTED.— Double-barreled Breech-Loading 
Shot Gun. 12 or 16 guage, will give the follow- 
ing for a good gim : One 32 cal.. double Action! 

Revolver, and the following eggs in sets with | this country. Directions given hoiv to 
data: American Barn Owl 4. Screech Owl 1-5 ^„/.,,, //,,.»„ nrniifnhhi Prirc<< low 
BuiTowing Owl 1-9, Night Hawks 'i. Chickadee ^^^^^ "*^"* projiuioiy. ri ices low. 
1-6. Marsh Hawk '4. One American Bitnerk.Red 
eyed Vireo 'i and 40 Conunou eggs. All letters 
answered. ISADOR S. TROSTLER, 4338 Far- 
nam St., Omaha, Neb. Bangor, _ _ _ _ Maine 

Prices low. 





Put in a Curiosity Counter? 

Don't you think it would pay you to obtain a stock of, say, any- 
where from $10. to $100. worth of Bazaar Goods, Shells, Agates and 
Curios to add a variety to your present collection, and put in a curiosi- 
ty counter in your store for the Holiday trade? If you have not a 
store, place the counter in the store of your father, uncle, cousin, friend 
or anywhere you can obtain a suitable location and make advantageous 

Such a display would prove the biggest "crowd catcher" in town 
«,nd from that stand-point alone would more than pay any merchant 
ior the space occupied. 

There's $ $ In It! 

In a good location, with a suitable display your curio counter 
would bring in from $100 to $1000 during the season, upon which 
there would be a GOOD BIG PKOFIT. 

Now I have lots or just such material on hand left from my Chau- 
tauqua and Exposition trade, rather than carry this surplus over for 
another season will sell at very low rates, if you cannot personally make 
your selections, but will send me the amount you wish to invest and 
give me an inkling of about what you want I will personally and judi- 
ciously make a selection for you that I will g'laranteo to give you big 
satisfaction in every particular and will make the prices to you lower 
than you could possibly duplicate elsewhere. 

Remember I also carry a full line of Agate, Spar, Pyrites and 
Shell Jewelry and Novelties. Wiite what you want. 






FOR $1.00. 

I will send you $1.00 worth of eggs or 75c worth of anything I 
advertise, and the Oologist, with coupons, one year. 

FOR $2.00. 

I will send you $2.00 worth of Birds' Eggs, or $1.50 worth of any- 
thing I advertise and a copy of Davie's "Nests and Eggs of- North 
American Birds." $1.25 edition. 

FOR $3.00. 

I will send you $3.00 worth of Bird's Eggs or $2.00 worth of any- 
thing I advertise, and a copy of Davie's "Nests and Eggs of Nortl^ 
American Birds," $1.75 edition. 

FOR $5.00. 

I will send you $5.00 worth of Eggs or $4.00 of anything I adver- 
tise, and a copy of Langille's "Our Birds in their Haunts." $3.00. 

FOR $10.0O 

I will send you $10.00 worth of Eggs or $6.00 worth of anything I 
advertise, and a copy of Ridgway's "Manual of North American Birds"" 
$7.50 edition. 

FOR $15.00. 

I wiU send you $15.00 worth of Eggs or $10.00 worth of anything 
I advertise and a copy of Maynard's "Birds of Eastern North Amer- 
ica." Pubhsher's price $18.00. 

IMPORTANT! Books and Eggs will be sent prepaid, other 
articles asj per conditions in catalogue. In all offers Eggs or articles are 
of your own selection. Eggs may be either singles or sets. 

Isb, 1891. Address plainly, 

FRANK H. LA TTIN, - Albion, N. K 



ALBION, N. Y., NOV., 1891. 

No. 11 

The Great Carolina Wren. 

The half has not been told of these 
pleasing little birds. Here, they are 
with us all the year; and every day we 
ai'e delighted with their sweet song 
from the time the first streaks of morn- 
ing light begins to ai^pear in the East, 
until approaching darkness compels 
them to seek shelter for the night. 

They are haixly little fellows, endur- 
ing the winters of the Middle States. 
They may recede from their more north- 
ern abodes, yet they are as common in 
winter as in summer, at least from 
Maryland southward. There they are 
said to be common at all seasons, 
though never in great abundance. Here 
they are more plentiful than any other 
of the Wren family. 

We have the Bewicks, Winter and 
House Wrens, but none of them are 
very plentiful. The Carolina Wren 
frequents shrubery and undergrowth 
of all sorts, where it is often er hoard 
than seen. Not that it is at all a timid 
bird, for it often comes about the gar- 
don and out-houses, and will fi'equentlj' 
take up its abode in an unoccupied 
dwelling house, if it can find an open 
or a crevice of any kind that it can pos- 
sibly get through. When we came 
homo from the North, last Spring, a 
pair had taken up their abode in our 
kitchen, placing iheir nest over a win- 
dow. The previous spring they they 
came in and started their nest on a 
mantle in one of the rooms, but tliat 
did not seem to suit their fancy, so they 
changed it to a shelf in one corner 
when they completed their nest and de- 
posited live little .speckled eggs which 
now grace our cajjinet. They are so 
capricious in the matter of a nesting 
place, that one can hardly say what 
their preference is, if indeed, they have 

any choice. Thoy will build in any odd 
nook or cranny — entering out-liouses 
througli a knot hole or between loose 
boards like the House Wren; taking a 
hollow stump or tree; settling in the 
midst of a thick bush or in a piece of 
bark curled upon a fence rail; any- 
where in fact, that otters a snug retreat 
Neither are they particular as to the 
kind of material of which to bnild their 
nests, which is rather Ijulky structure 
composed of librious roots.leaves, grass 
in fact, any trash they can find conven- 
ient. It is more or less shaped like a 
ball, with a side entrance. In this they 
lay five or six eggs, and by the time the 
little ones are ready to leave the nest, 
they have grown 'till the little home is 
completely full. After they leave the 
nest, the parents keep them about them 
for a few days, during which time they 
are in a state of perpetual panic, show- 
ing their intense worry in redoubled 
restlessness. If we attempt to ajjjiroach 
the nest, the bird slips quietly oft" and 
hurries away with a low tluttering near 
the ground, or scrabling and hopping 
from one bush to another, invariably 
mocking us with it rollicking song as 
soon as it feels sure it has lured us 
away from its nest. It shows however 
the restlessness and prving curiosity of 
of its tribe, and if we keep still a few 
minutes, it will return to take a sly 
look at us, peering from among the 
Jeaves with an inquisitive aix", aiul per- 
forming odd nervous antic.s,as if it were 
po.ssesscid with the very spirit of un- 
rest. When disturbed it chatters in a 
liarsli if resenting the intrusion. 
This is its ordinary note when angry, 
alarmed, or in any way distres.sed. Its 
song is quited a different thing — loud, 
clear and higldy nuisical. T .scarcely 
know of a bird that pos.sesses a richer 
voice. It also has the power of mock- 



ing the other songsters, whieh it does 
with great energy and acceut. 

Mks. Lillie Pleas, 
Cliuton, Ark. 

A Timely Letter. 

Editor Oologist: — A young advertiser 
in your columns recently sent nie a 
mixed lot of Tern eggs, marked with 
ink, most of the holes i inch in diame- 
ter; most of the holes chipped, and data 
partial and imperfect) I notified 
sender to forward postage for their re- 
turn. Thej'^ are still on my hands. 
The joke of it is that the young gentle- 
men wanted once-and-a-half their value 
in nice specimens. 

Another advertiser to whom I sent 
for a series of E. S. eggs forwarded fif- 
teen specimens, nicel^y selected, indeed, 
hut with the holes in most of them at 
least as large, hy actual measure, as the 
holes in the Murre eggs which I sent 
him in exchange. I remonstrated with 
the following reply. "I know the holes 
were large, but that doesn't hinder the 
eggs being first-class." Now will you 
kindly say to this young person, and to 
all his genius, that with a large class of 
•cai'efal and fastidious collectors it does 
make a dift'erence, a great deal of dif- 

A third advertiser has presented the 
best joke of all. A much grey speckled 
egg of English Sparrow, well blown; 
and marked as follows, in pencil:— "E. 
S. — 8-5." Now some body has written 
in ink, above the hole the number 85, 
and sent out the egg as that of th» 
Nashville Warbler. A better example 
of ignorance and impudence kissing 
each other was never seen — even in the 
collection of an ornithologist. 

Your paper has done much for young 
Oologists, will it not add another favor 
by way of warning them against the 
tricksters that are prostituting orni- 
thology for gaiuV And will you not 
emphasize the fact that large drill holes 

save where incubation is nearly com- 
plete are unnecessary, unsightly, slov- 
enly? I hereby pledge myself to hold 
tor postage and return all received spec- 
imens prepared thus, unless by special 
arrangement and I trust that all who 
feel as I do in this matter will send 
their names to the Oologist for publi- 
cation so that any of you egg-collecting 
fellows that are too lazy to drill small 
and smooth blow-holes and thor- 
oughly, may give us a wide berth. You 
dont want anything to do with us un- 
less you decide to turn cranky and join 
our army. In the cause of honest and 
careful oology 1 beg to remain 

Yours very sincerely 

P. B. Peabody 
[Every true oologist will enroll him- 
self in Bro. P. 's brigade. Ed.] 

Western Robin. 

No. 761a, Mcrula migratoria propin- 
qua, Ridgw. 

Habitat. — Western United States, Pa- 
cific Coast, from Mexico northward. 

This species is xevy abundant, and 
from this fact I judge not much ap- 
pears in print, concerning it. However 
it is an interesting bird It brings to 
us the balmy spring days and awakens 
us from our winter slumbers, with 
thoughts of the near approach of nest- 
ing season, and we proceed to prepare 
for work. 

The Western Robin is a resident of 
Oregon the entire year, and the largest 
numbers are seen during winter or the 
rainy season. 

They congregate in large numbers in 
the fall (generally about November), 
near some small stream lined with 
bushes and trees, and from my obsen'a- 
tion, remain there the whole winter. 

In the morning early they may be 
seen leaving these roosting places, and 
spreading out to feed for the day, re- 
turning again about five or six o'clock 



iu the evening. I have observed two 
of these Robin roosts near Sweet Home, 
Oregon, for the past two years. 

Iu winter they feed much upon the 
fir buds but as the ground is always 
ban;, they have no lack of food, iu setts 
and worms being ainindant. 

They nest in April and May, selecting 
a low tir bush generally, although I have 
found them in scrub oaks and apple 
trees, but I have not found tliem nest- 
ing iu barns and out-buildings the waj' 
the Eastern Robin does. They are not 
inclined to build as near the haltitations 
of man either. 

The nest does not tlitTer r:>dicaliy from 
that of mernla migratoria, and the 
complement of eggs is invariablj' 3, 
sometimes 4, but rarely 5. 

Out of some twenty nests examined 
all, but four contained three eggs each, 
three contained four eggs and only one 
five eggs. 

They Avere in various stages of incu- 
bation from perfectly fresh to nearly 
full teim. 

The eggs do not vary from those of 
Merula migratora, l)ut perhaps will 
average a little larger. 

Dr. a. (t. Prill. 

Western New Tork Nataralists 

Phelps, N. Y., Sept. 18. 1891. 
A meeting of the Naturalists of West- 
ern New York was held here Sept. loth, 
for purpose organizing an a.ssociation 
of same. Though the attendance was 
not all that was hoped for, yet a suc- 
cessful and enthusiastic meeting was 
held, and the Association was started, 
under the name of the Western New 
York Naturalists As.sociation. Officei's 
elected were, President,Ernest F. Short, 
Chili, Monroe Co.; Secretary, B. S. 
Bowdish, Plielps; Treasurer, E.B.Peck, 
Clifton Springs. Committee's appoint- 
ed, executive committee, Neil F. Pos- 
son, E. Kirk, and T. R. Taylor; Com- 

mittee on Constitution and By-Laws; 
E. B. Peck, E. Kirk and B S. Bowdish: 
Committee on incorporation, B. S. 
Bowdish. Active membership is limit- 
ed to fifty. Resident in the counties: 
Wayne, Ontario, Steul)en, Allegany, 
Livingston, Wyoming, (Jenesee, Erie, 
Orleans, Niagara, Cattaraugus, Cliau- 
tauqua, Moni'oe, initiation fee, $.50, 
j'early dues, $25; associate memliership 
limited to residence in North America, 
no dues; Honorary and corresponding 
membership left open, subject to fur- 
ther action. All members wishing to 
join as active or associate members, 
are requested to communicate inclosing 
stamp, with the Secretary. A cordial 
invitation is extended to all of both 
sexes to join. 

B. S. Bowdish, Sec. 

The Scissor-tailed Flycatcher. 

This handsome bird is common in 
northern Mexico and Texas, and ac- 
cording to Davie, is found as far north 
as Indian Territory and Missouri. It 
arrives here late in March or earl,v in 
April, and begins to lay about the last 
of May. 

Its eggs have a pui'e white or creamy 
ground, sparingly spotted, chiefly on 
the larger end, with dark red and 
brown, occasionally with black and li- 
lac. Five is the usual numlier laid 
though sets of four and six are not un- 
common. The eggs measure about .80 
X .67 in. 

What I consider a typical nest is com- 
posed of cotton and weeds, lined with 
cotton. Situated from four to thirty 
feet from the ground in a tree that 
stands alone. I liave never found a 
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher's nest iu thick 

MUvilns forficMua is one of the most 
pugnacious birds in Miiscoiinty ('J'ravis). 
It will attack and put to flight crows, 
jays, buzzards and sometimes hawks. 



The Scissor-tailed Flycatcher is ofteu 
confouuded with the Fork-tailed Fly- 
catcher [Milvilus tyrannus), as in the 
second edition of Davie's North Ameri- 
can Birds. 

J. H. Tallichet, 

Austin, Tex. 

California Thrasher. 
{Harporhyiichus redivivus.) 

One who has wandered tlirough the 
many retired glens of the coast region 
South Galiforuia has surely been at- 
tracted by the brilliant song of the Cali- 
Thrasher, and perhaps studied the ha- 
bits of the plainl}- robed bird. This 
curved-billed.drab-garbed bird, in com- 
pany with the Caliornia Towhee, 
frequents the districts where mosquitos 
and scrub-oaks abound, and here it 
dwells throughout the year, a happy 
tenant of the wooded glades. 

It is pleasant, indeed, to withdraw 
one's self from the feved and strife of the 
world and seek some secluded nook 
that still lingers in its pristine wilder- 
ness and beaut3% where the untrodden 
flowers bloom and the very air seems 
like a breathing from a rarer world, 
and there, amid the splendor of vernal 
garniture, listen to the varied strains 
of the Sylvan choirs. Such are the 
haunts of the Thrasher and thither must 
the lover of birds repair to catch the 
most eloquent strains sf the Thrasher's 

"Here, like the nightingale, she pours 

Her solitary lays. 

Nor asks a witness to hear her song, 

Nor thirsts lor human praise." 

When the lirst notes are heard, guid- 
ed by the sounds, glide noiselessly 
through the green, quiet vale until but 
-an intervening shrub screens you from 
the musician and, reclining upon the 
scented sward, prepare to listen to the 
joyful song. The bird first indulges in 
a few tentative notes while secreted in 

the foliage of the underbrush. These 
seem satisfactory, but he must ascend 
to the top of the tree before he breaks 
into song. Up he flutters, limb after 
limb, stopping at intervals to test his 
voice anew. Soon he disdains any in- 
ferior perch and mounts to the topmost 
limb of the tree. His throat rolls, his 
notes come forth full and clear; his 
throat swells and his breast throbs as 
his song grows louder and sweeter; 
mingled with his natural tones are l)its 
of consummate mimicry. The bird 
seems carried away with the fervor of 
his song, his whole frame is agitated, 
he is transported to realms of bliss. 

So euravished is the listener that the 
song of a more distant bird scarcely 
breaks upon his ear, no soc^ner had the 
lay of the Thrasher echoed throughout 
the vale than a second bii'd burst into 
emulous song, thus they sing in gener- 
ous rivalry and make the quiet haunts 
reverberate with their varied strains. 

The song of the Thi'asher is not limit- 
ed to any particular season but can be 
heard throughout the year, and in win- 
ter it seems as rich and varied as in the 
da3'S of courtship and match-making. 
Oftimes the Thrasher wanders from his 
accustomed haunts and seeks the pres- 
ence of man to entrance him with his 
powers of song. 

The hours usually chosen for their 
musical exercises are at break-of-day 
and eventide. Long before the other 
birds are stirring or the streaming 
light breaks upon their nest, e'er the 
condor, majestic monarch of the bound- 
less I'ea'.m of air, sweeps from his crag- 
gy perch, the Thrasher awakens from 
his slumbers, dashes the dew-drops 
from his wing and seeks a lofty altitude 
to herald the coming day. The first 
sound that breaks upon the quiet vale 
and echo through the gnarled oaks is 
this morning carol. But it is when the 
last sun I'ays are fading in the west, in 
the ravi-shiug gleam of twilight when. 

THE 00L031IST. 


"A slumberous silence tills the sky, 

The tiekls are still, the woods are 
• lutub, 

In glassy sleep the waters lie" 
that the Thrasher sings at his best. 
The low warblings turned to an even- 
ing's song sweeter far than the music of 
the lute, touch upon the ear like the 
beatings of seraphic wings, and with 
them come a feeling of content, a spirit 
•of rest, that lulls one to the slumberous 
land of dreams. 

The bird is a continual resident 
wherever found. When spring blos- 
soms with the gentle rains, the Thrash- 
■ers are at match-making and scarcely 
■has summer come before the Hedglings 
•have abandoned the nest. The eggs 
are of a bluish green color, dotted with 
■reddish brown, and number from two to 
four, usually three. The nest is placed 
in some thickly foliaged tree at no 
;great height from the ground, it is loose- 
ly constructed of grasses, roots, twigs, 
•and moss. The bird is a close sitter 
^nd remains on the nest until almost 
touched by the hand. 

H. C. LiLLIE, 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Ornithologists Association. 
Secbetary's Repokt. 

At the monthly meeting the following 
new members were elected: 

Active mem!)ers: — Wm. McKnew, 21,2 
"G. St., N. E., Washington, D. C. 

Con:espondiug members: — E. H. 
^hort, Chili. Monroe Co., N. Y.; Wm. 
A. Achilles, Cov. 15th and Lavoca|[Sts., 
Austin, Tex. 

Renuirks were made Ijy President 
Langille on the Ring-billed Gull and its 
nesting in (xeorgian I5:iy. 

Mr. Aspinwall reported the taking 
Hluring the past scmsou (jf a act of si.\ 
•eggs of Least Bittern at Colonial Beach, 

-K. J. Brown has a set of live All)iuo 

eggs of the Long-l)illed Marsh Wren, 
that they are eggs of the Long-billed. 
There is no doubt as they have been 
examined by both Prof, Ridgway and 
Capt. Bendire, who pronounced them. a 
great freak of nature. 

Some incidents regarding the Blue 
Grosbeak were given which I give be- 
low supplemented by a few of my notes 
on that bird. 

The Blue Grosbeck is rather smaller 
than its Rose-breasted and Cardinal 
relations and beai-s quite a resemblance 
to an overgrown Indigo Bunting. 

Its range is rather southerly but^ it 
has been taken as far north as New 
York and Michigan. 

It is mentioned as a straggler only in 
but one of live lists of the birds of 
Chester County, Pa., hence I conclude 
that this section (D. C) is nearly or 
quite its uorthern-most breeding I'ange. 
In Cones and Prentiss, Avi FaurM 
Columbiana it is given as a summer 
resident, rather rare, breeding. 

They state that it frequents and 
breeds in much the same situations as 
the Cardinal, though it is also found in 
orchards and open grounds. 

I tirst made the acquaintance of this 
bird in the summer of '87 when a pair 
nested twice on my father's farm about 
one-half mile east of the District Colum- 
bia. As both nests were near the l)uild- 
iug the opportunity for observations 
was good. 

On June 24th I took the tirst nest and 
four eggs, from the fork of a peach tree 
aliout seven feet from the ground near 
the barn. 

The eggs were colored much like a 
blue-bii-ds and considerably larger. 

The nest was much neater than the 
Carninals, was lined with horse-hair 
and had a snake skin nicely woven in. 

In August r>f the same year the same 
birds (evidently) nested in ii small ce(lar 
tre(! not more than twenty feet from 
the front of a hen-hotise wiiicli w:is 
used by about fifty fowls. 



The old birds became rather tame 
and did not greatly resent my frequent 
examinations of their family affairs. 

This time they were allowed to raise 
^heir young and depart in peace. 

This nest like the tirst one was partly 
composed of snake skin. As the only 
other nest which I have seen (one in 
Ihe Smithsonion Institute collection) 
also has a snake skin in it, I have won- 
dered if the Crested Flycatcher did not 
mingle its distinctive habit with the 
Blue Grosbeak. 

I have observed the Blue Grosbeak 
every season since, but have found no 
more nests. If anyone can give me 
a.ny further information on the nesting 
of this bird. I would be pleased to 
"hear from them. 


Sec. Ornithologists Association. 

Albino Birds. 

In theJFeburary 1890 No. of the 
OoLOGiST you will find an article from 
your humble servant entitled, "Albino 
Blue Jay." That was and is to-day a 
fine bird although in confinement. 

Now I wish to speak of another Al- 
bino. When a boy in Wisconsin as far 
back as 1856 I saw an Albino Swallow 
?ind also an Albino Black Bird. I have 
often spoken of it but people would say 
** Impossible, a black bird, cannot be 
fvhitel" Very well, an old Scotch adage 
goes "a man's a man for a'l a that" color 
tsutting no figure whatever. So also 
With my White Black Bird. 

On October 1st, 1891 I received by 
mail from Frederick Nordin, of Moun- 
tain Lake, Minnesota a lovely albino 
Specimen oi' ' Agelaeus phoeniceus (Red- 
winged Blackbird). I think- it is a little 
smaller than average Red-wing, but 
that it is one there can-be no doubt. 
Head and neck tinged with the very 
lightest shade of salmon, bend of wings 
bright orange with the least tint of red 
one black feather under right wing (out 

of sight), the balance of the plumage: 
immaculate white, eyes light pink, bill 
and legs white or flesh color. Mr. Nor- 
din wi'ites, "the air was clouded Avith 
birds when I discovered the Albino, I 
drew my gun up and fired both barrels, 
rejoice with me, I got my bird and some- 
twenty-three black ones. When I re- 
ceived the bird he had been three days; 
upon the road and began to get a little; 
old^ but I have him nicely mounted and' 
fixed up and he is now one of the chief 
attractions of my ornithological collec- 

R. D. Goss, 
New Sharon, Iowa.. 

Nuttall's Poor-Will.. 

Aug. 30, 189T. 

Dear Sir:— On Aug. 13, 1891 while-, 
hunting for my cows, I flushed a Nut^- 
tall's Poor-will, and after a close hunt,, 
it being at dusk, I found the nest, or 
rahter, there was no nest, eggs being; 
placed on the bare ground beside a rock, 
on the eastern slope of a hillside. A 
latitude 6000 to 6500 feet. One egg was; 
just hatched and the other was picked. 

The little bird just hatched was cov- 
ered with down like a young duckling,, 
returning a week later they were gone.. 

I would like to hear through the< 
OoLOGiST the experience of others con-- 
cerning this interesting species. They 
are quite common here, though this isi 
my first nest. 

P. L. Jones, 
Beulah, Colo. 

Notes Wanted on the Tellow Wa^Uer-^ 

I am very much interested in the hab-. 
its, etc., of No. 93 the Yellow Warbler 
or Summer Yellow Bird, D^/^f^rojea ces-. 
tiva and will be very much obj^ged tO) 
receive notes, etc., from all; alsa n^ra-- 
tives of peculiar nestings, etc., etc. 

R. G. Fitch, 
55 N. Union St., Grand Rapids, Mich.. 




AMoNTHLY Magazine Devoted to 



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Chewink or "Chpwee" 

Mr. Editor: 

The April numbor of the Oologist 
was the first I have seen of your inter- 
esting little paper, and its popular and 
unscientitic make up, and style of print- 
ing the letters of the people, who love 
birds and I suppose flowers, but who 
have not probably great ornithological 
attainments; at once enlisted my atten- 
tion and interest; and I have read each 
number since carefully that comes to 
our City Library. 

These facts may explain to .some the 
following raml)ling, rollicking letter 
about the Chewink. 

Each number of the Oologist since 
March, I think has one or two articles 
concerning the Chewee or Chewink. 

This fact of itself, to some extent 

measures the popularity of tliis l)ivd.. 
Have we any other bird in this latitude 
so well known to men, and so weli 
liked, or better loved? I say "known to 
men," because <mly those who go about 
the woods or forest, are going to see 
our dear little friend, the Chewink. 
Ladies will see the Robin, the Blue-bird 
and the Swallow, and the Tewee, etc^ 
He does not tlwell in the fields or pas- 
tures, or come to the garden anil beriy 
patch. He is out in the woods, and 
over the fence, and out a space in the 
woods, and in shady woods, not ii\ 
clearings. I always from a child likec) 
all birds, and before I was six years old 
I was familiar with all the common, 
birds and their habits in that ])art of" 
New Jersey, where we resided; knew- 
the form of the nest of each, and the, 
material in it, and their locations, num-. 
ber and color of their eggs, and how 
often they breed in a season, and their 
notes I could well, from much practice 

We removed to Ohio in 1835 when I 
Avas six years old, and I have never 
since seen the nest or eggs of some of- 
these birds; as the Wood Pewee (Musci-. 
capa sayi) and but once the nest of that, 
wild bird, whose egg is so peculiar in 
appearance and looks as though a pen 
dipped in purple ink, and held by a 
paralytic hand had been drawn in wav^ 
ing lines from pole to pole of it. I mean 
the olive-green Pewee, or Quaker bird, 
we call it, perhaps from its plain colors 
and appearances. It is the {Muscicapa 
ermi^o) of Alexander Wilson. Hut this 
(Fipilo emberiza). I more than liked,, 
and while we often like our fellowa 
from an uiulelinable sometliing about 
them, yet I think .some of the appear- 
ance and mental characieristics, ( if 1 
can speak of a Ijinl's mind) arou.sed mv 
sympathies and love for the Chewee. 

Now, I suppose a lover, sees beauty 
where uninterested eyes might ridin 
ciile, and 1 must thus be excused for 
avowing my admiration for the beauty 



of the Chewee. Hove his sharp red eyes 
and how much of beauty we humans 
tarry in our eyes; or lose Avheu our 
eyes are not lustrious and mild and in- 

He gets his name "Erythropthalma,'''' 
{Erythrops, red and thalmag eyes) the 
Greek for "red eyes" from the deep red 
t)f his eyes in the summer season. He 
sees everything that takes place in his 
neighborhood, out of these all observ- 
ing eyes, and shows it too and shapes 
his conduct accordingly. But I find 
his greatest beauty in his possession of 
generous quantities of black and brown 

Now, neither of these colors alone, 
perhaps is much to be admired. 

Everyone seems to like pink color, 
but how seldom do we see this color in 
■flowers, where its beauty is not height- 
ened and set off by the presence of a 
higher shade of red, or union of green 
with it; but where pink fades into the 
polished white of the sea shell, or in 
the hectic cheek of a lady whose early 
fading away is thus heralded: it is the 
lovliest tint of nature. This combina- 
tion of the black head, tail and sides of 
the Chewee, with the dark brown of the 
wings is to me his great "beauty spot." 

Will our lady readers pardon me, 
when I tell them that the first "nice 
•dress" I bought for my wife after we 
were married, was this very combina- 
nation in a silk pattern, a broad black 
strijje and a narrower brown one, call- 
ed in those days, forty j'ears ago, bia- 
■dere (byadare) stripe, 

There is something about his mind 
'^Jthe Chewee) that forbids him to eat 
idle bread. He always seems busy. It 
is true we do not see what he kicks up 
the dry leaves so for, and makes such a 
sudden racket that a thrill of fear often 
comes over us, lest a viper or a crotilxs 
horridus (rattle snake) is about to strike 
us, and when we see the harmless cause 
of our fright, we feel vexed at him. 
How often he has thrown my heart in- 

to my throat; for we often hear him, 
before we see him; for indeed it would 
be difficult to seem him, geuerallj', if he 
should observe proper decorum in the 
dry black and brown leaves and not be- 
gin to kick them up, and make this 
frightful racket. 

By the way, if I do like him so, as I 
have said above, I hope there will be 
nothing lacking of true friendship, if 
behind his back, 1 should institute an 
inquiry into the cause of this peculiar- 
ity of his kicking up the dry leaves and 
making a disagi'eeable noise. I cer- 
tainly do not think he does this all day 
long, when he is alone. Does he do it 
then in our presence put ofvanity,toleave 
the impression that he has a great deal 
to do in making a support for himself 
and family ? Or to scare a person who 
invades his hauntsV i wish to be char- 
itable and to p lit the best construction 
I can ppon the actions of fellow-beings, 
but it seems to me that his little crop 
could not hold the fourth of the fat 
bugs and vermin he could find by 
scratching over a quiirter of an acre of 
leaves in a day, as he ought to do if he 
is as industrious in our absence as in 
our presence. 

One of the reasons for his popularity 
is his sprightliness. He is never dull, 
or undecided as to what next is duty. 
When we come upon biiu, he gives a 
few lightning kicks at the dry leaves; 
hops upon wings, flits, (hardlj- flies) a 
few feet to a log, a dead brush or low 
limb; turns half around a time or two, 
cries Chewee ! Chewee ! and jumps 
down again into the leaves and appar- 
ently resumes his duty. 

How different the dull and striped 
robin who will fly to some stake or 
post or rail or the fence, and there sit 
as motionless as a pump on a log for 10 
or fifteen minutes, antl exhibiting no 
more signs of life except a few short, 
nervous jerks of the tips of his wings, 
than a piece of casting. 

See too all the muscicajia tribe, which 



■sits still indeliiiiti'ly on ;i liuil) oi- stakes 
\vaitiag for a job, traiup-liki', till a bee 
x)v bug or biittefUy comes that way, 
then seeuiiugly wit'li a painful ell'ort 
they hop off their perch and execute 
their capias and then return as quickly 
as possible to get another rest; and in- 
•stead of going ott like our enterprising 
Chewee to hunt a job, they sit still 
again as though the^'^ were tired.,till 
something else again "turns up." 

I intended to say a word about his 
habitat. 1 think we must accept Dr. 
Cones as authority on his habitat, which 
makes it in the northern Atlantic states, 
English provinces and 43 <^ in Michigan 
\vhere I have seen it — i>articularly on 
the Wisconsin river and West into east- 
•eru Kansas, and up the Missouri river 
as far, at least as 43 ^ and south of 
"course in the southern states. 

W. D. F. LuMMis. 

Oes Moines, la., Oct. 26, 1891. 

Our Birds in Their Haunts. 

A Special Offeu. 

1 am about to issuoa new edition of 
'■'Our Biiiis in Their Haunts." The 
^>oints claimed for this work are: 

1. That it is a complete treatise on 
the birds of Eastern North America at 
•a very low figure, $2.50 being the retail 
price of the new edition. 

2. It makes a specialty of oology and 

3. It contains much new matter not 
found in other printed works. 

4. It is prepurefl with special regard 
to the pleasure of the reader, that is, 
readableness is a prime consideration. 
The birds luc grouped in relation to 
.sea.son and locality, are studied "in 
their haunts," the question of habitat 
receiving particular attention. 

The second point given al)ove, has 
never been sutlicenlly emphasi/cd in 
■any notice of tiie work. The location, 
•composition and structure of the nest. 

the size, form and color of the eggs an- 
all noted with the utmost interest and 
care. To the author oology has always 
been one of the most charming feaures 
of bird-study. 

Under the third item, the points par- 
ticularly new, are contained in the dis- 
tribution of certain species, and espec- 
ially the history of the water l)ird3 on 
the great fresh waters of the interior. 
It is safe to say, that no other book on 
American birds, will duplicate many of 
the facts here given; and that technical 
ornithologists have passed this line of 
facts by without due attention, simply 
because the book was in popular style. 

The special offer is, that all persons 
Sending in subscriptions, or bona fide 
applications by January 1st can have 
the book for $1.60 including postage, 
provided that the number of applica- 
tions be sufficient to enable the author 
to bring out the work on the present 
plan. The number of names pledged 
should not be less than 450. If the 
number sent in is not adequate no one 
will l>e holden for his api)lication. 
J. H. Lan<;ille, 

Kensington, Md., or Smithsonian In- 
stitution, Washington, D. C. 

P. S. Applications should be sent at 
once to my adilress. In this case time 
is money. 

The Lark Bunting- 

The Lark Bunting arrives here the 
first of May. Frequenting the open 
prairies in (■()mi)any with the Night- 
hawk, the Prairie Horned Lark and 
the Mountain Plover, it rears its young 
and then departs for wintttr qtiarters 
the latter part of August. 

This species commences nesting the 
last of May. The nest is placed ou the 
gnuind at the of any weed or small 
bush, but the common thistle is tisually 
selected. The n("st is comi)osed of 
grass blades, stems and weeds liiu'd 
with fine; rootU-tsand (xjcasionally a few 



hairs. The eggs are from four to six in 
number and of a uniform, light blue 
color. Occasionally sets Mill be found 
which are sparingly spotted with fine 
brownish dots. During the season of 
'8i) a set of five spotted eggs were brought 
to me for identification which from the 
description of the bird and nest were 
undoubtedly those of the Lark Bunting. 
On the 23d of May of this year, I found 
a set of four spotted eggs of this species. 
I would like to hear from others 
through the columns of the Oologist 
in regards to spotted eggs of the Lark 
Banting; also where it passes the win- 

Hakky W. Menke, 
Garden City, Kansas. 

List of Birds fbond Breeding in the Vicinity 
of Peoria, Illinois- 

191. Botaurus exilis, Least Bittern, 
tolerable common in the sloughs. 

201 Ardea virescens, Green Heron, 
common, formerly a small Heronry of 
this species existed near here. 

219 Gallinula geleata, Florida Gal- 
linule, a common breeder in the 

221 Fnlica americana, American 
Coot, a common breeder. 

228 Philohela minor, American 
Woodcock, quite plentiful in the river 
bottoms, as far as the writer's know- 
ledge no nests have been found but the 
young have been shot early in the sea- 

263 Actitis macularia, Spotted Sand- 
piper, breeds sparingly. 

273 ^gialitis vocifera, Killdeer, 
rather common, nests and eggs have 
been taken. 

289. Colinus virginianus, Bob-white, 
a common summer resident, breeds. 

300 Bonasa umbellus, Ruffed Grouse, 
an uncommon summer resident and 
breeds very sparingly. 

305 Tympanuchus americanus, Pra- 
irie Hen, Summer resident, l)ut not so 
<;ommon as Bonasa umbellus. 

316 Zenaidura macroura, Mourning 
Dove, common summer resident, breeds 

333. Accipiter cooperi, Cooper's^ 
Hawk, tolerable common Ijreeder. 

337. Buteo borealis, Red-tailed Hawk 
a common Hawk and breeds early. 

360 Falco sparverius, Sparrow Hawk 
a common species. 

373. Megascops asio. Screech Owl,, 
our most common Owl. 

375 Bubo virgininianus, Great Horn- 
ed Owl, a resident the j'ear around,^ 
breeds sparingly. 

387 Coccyzus americanus, Yellow- 
billed Cuckoo, a common breeder. 

388 Coccyzus erythrophthalmusv. 
Black-billed Cuckoo, not so common as,, 
the preceding species. 

390 Ceryle alcyon, Belted Kingfisher 
a common bird afong our streams. 

393. Dryobates vil losus, Hairy Wood» 
pecker, a tolerable common bi'eeder. 

394 Drj'obates pubescens. Downy 
Woodpecker, this species is not found 
breeding so often as the preceding spe- 

402 Sphyrapicus varius, Yellow-bel-- 
lied Sapsucker,as far as the writer's: 
knowledge this is a rare species. Twa 
sets were taken by the writer in the, 
river bottoms from the same birds. 

406 Melanerpes erythrocephalus,. 
Red-headed Woodpecker, a commoa 

412. Colaptes auratus. Flicker, more; 
abundant than the preceding species. 

417 Antrostomus vociferus, Whip- 
poor-will, rare, two nests with eggs, 
have been found. 

420. Chordeiles virginianus, Night-, 
hawk, common, some nest on the tops, 
of buildings. 

423 Chaetura pelagica, Chimney- 
Swift, this is one of our most common 

428 Trochilus colubris. Ruby-throat-, 
ed Hummingbird, tolerable common,^ 
not many of their nests are found. 

444 Tyrannus tj'raunus Kingbird,, 
common, nearlj' every orchard contains. 
a pair. 

452 Myiarchus crinitus, Crested Fly-, 
catcher, abundant, more so in the river 

[ 456 Sayornis phoebe, Phoebe, vevy 
abundant, breeds early. 

461 Contopus virens. Wood Pewee,^ 
a common bird in the wood. 

465 Empidonax acadicus, Acadiaa-. 
Flycatcher, not very common, continetl 



to the low damp vvooils along lh(3 rivi'i' 
where it breeds. 

466a Empidonax pusillus, Traill's 
Flyratt'her, not very conunon breeds 

474b. Otocoris alpestris praticola, 
Prairie Horued Lark, common, nests 

477 Cyanocitta cristata, (Blue Jay,) 
a common breeder. 

488 Corvus americaniis, American 
l~'row, abundant, breeds early. 

494 Dolichonyx orjv-ivorus. Bobo- 
link, not verj- common, only one nest 
to my knowledge has been found. 

495 Molothi'us ater. Cowl)ird, very 
abundant and breeds everywhere. 

498 Agelnius ph«pniceus, Red-wing- 
•ed Blackbird. - al)undant, hundreds 
breed in the river bottoms. 

501 Sturnella magna. Meadow Lark, 
common in our liieadows. 

50G Icterus spurius, Orchard Oriole, 
common, I have not only found their 
nests in trees I)ut in hedges and bushes. 

507 Icterus galbula, Baltimore Ori- 
ole, common, seems to i)refer cotton- 
wood trees to nest in. 

511b Qiiiscalus quiscula aMieus, 
Bronzed Grackle, abundant, more so in 
the river bottrms. 

529 Spinus tristis, American Gold- 
finch, a common bird but not many 
nests are found. 

Pa.s.ser domesticus, Europi-an 
House Sparrow, This li tie pest is found 

546 Ammodramus savannaruni pas- 
serinus, Grassliopper Sparrow, not 
very common, I have only succeeded in 
finding two nests. 

552 Chondestes grammacus, Lark 
vSparrow, tolerable common, breeds 

560 Spizella socialis. Chipping Spar- 
row, a common lireeder. 

563 Spi/ella pusilla, Field Si)arrow, 
very common, a l)ird that can l)e seen 
in every field. 

587 Pipilo erythroi)tlialmns, Towh(!e 
a common summer resident. 

598 Cardinalis cardiu:ilis. Cardinal, 
tolerabli' common, found more al)un- 
ilant in tiie river i)ottoms. 

595 Habia Indoviciana, Kose-ltreast- 
ed Gro-5l)eak. a common hn-eder, seems 
to l)e decreasing in numl)ers. 

598 Passerina cvanea. Indigo Bunt- 

I . 

ing. a common bird, breeding in the 

604 Sj)iza a.mericana, Dickcissel, 
very abundant, delights to build iu 
clover fields. 

608 Piranga erythromelas, Scarlet 
Tanager, a tolerable common breeder 
and confined chietly to tlie oak woods. 

611 Progne snbis, Purple Martin, a 
common breeder, confined chiefiy to 
the city. 

612 Petrochelitlon lunifrons. Cliff 
Swallow, common, Ineculs in colonies. 

613 Chelidon erythrogaster. Barn 
Swallow, not so abundant as the pre- 
ceding species. 

614 Tachyciueta bicolor, Tree Swal- 
low, common, confined to the river 
bottoms Aviiere it breeds. 

616 Clivieola riparia. Bank Swallow, 
tolerable common, along our streams. 

610 Stelgidoi)teryx serripennis, 
Rough-winged Swallow, rare, one nest 
found by tlie writer. 

619 Ampelis cedrorum. Cedar Wax- 
wing, a rare breeder here. 

622a Lanius ludovicianus exculntor- 
ides, (VVliite-rumpedSlirike,)(iuite com- 
mon, breeds chietly in the liedges, cer- 
tain specimens of skins from this Coun- 
ty are fo\ind to be nearer L. ludovic- 
ianus than L. ludovicianus excubitor- 

637 Protonotaria citrea, Prothono- 
tary Warl)lcr, a common bird in the 
river bottoms where it breeds. 

652 Dendroica aestiva, Yellow War- 
bler, Xi'vy common especially in the 
river bottoms among the w.Uows. 

673 Dendroica discolor, Prairie War- 
bler, rare, only one nest has been found 
and that by the writer. 

674 Seiurusaurocajjillus, Oven-bird, 
not very common, breeds sparingly. 

681 (Jeothiypis trichas, Maryland 
Yellow-tinoal,' al)uudant and found 

683 Icteria virens, Yellow-breasted 
Ch:it, ctmmon, nests chiefiy on the 
iiiil sides covered witli hazel l)rush. 

687 Selophada ruticilla, American 
Red.start, abunnant, confined to the 
riv(!r ijottoms, wh(;re it is as abundant 
as the Yellow Warbler. 

703 Mimus pidyglottos, Mocking- 
bird, doubtful, an egg siiown me, was 
said to iiave bei'U taken here and a 
farmer tolil me of an instance where he 



took the young from the nest and 
raised them. 

704 G: leoscoptes carolinensis, Cat- 
bird, \evy (;ommon and breeds abun- 

705 Harporhj^nchus rufns, Brown 
Thrasher, very common, majority nest 
in hedges. 

721 Troglodytes aedon, House Wi'en 
a common little bird, very abundant in 
the river bottoms. 

735 Parus atricapillus, Chickadee, a 
common breeder. 

751 Polioptila cserulea, Blue-gray 
Gnatcatcher, a rare summer resident, 
The writter found three nests this sea- 
son, but was not lucky enough to se- 
cure any eggs, F. E. Kinney took a set 
of four near here. 

755 Turdus musteliuus. Wood 
Thrush, common summer resident, 
most abundant in the low woods along 
the river. 

761 Merula migratoria, American 
Robin, very common breeds abundant- 

766 Sialia sialis, Bluebird, abundant 
and a common breeder. 

The above list, which is very incom- 
plete, the writer hopes will act as a 
foundation to build upon by other col- 
lectors of this locality. 

Many species have been omited on 
account of the uncertainty that attends 
their breeding here. As many more 
have not been looked for or studied, 
and certain localities have not been 

W. E. LouCKS, 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

World Fair Notes. 

Sir Walker Bullard. who owns the 
linest collection of native Maori curi- 
osities and paintings in the world, has 
applied for space in which to display 
his collection, and intends visiting the 
Exposition Avith his family. Maj. John 
Wilson, of Auckland, has submitted a 
proposition to the Foreign Affairs Com- 
mittee to bring a colony of Maoris to 
the Exposition, house them in one of 
their native-built fort, and let them 
show their native costumes, home life, 
and methods of warfare. The propo- 

sition is regarded with some favor, as 
it W(.)uld add greatly to the value of the 
general ethnological exhibit of the Ex-- 

Belies by the Wagcn Load- 

Under the direction of Prof. Putnan>„ 
Chief of the Department of Ethnology,, 
of the World's Columbian Expostion, 
a party of men has been making exten- 
sive excavations of the prehistoric 
mounds in Ohio and Indiana, and ac- 
cording to reports, received from time 
to' time, most gratifying success has 
been met with. Many skulls, skeletons 
copper hatchets, pipes, ornaments, al- 
tars of burnt clay weighing 400 to 300 
pounds, flint spear heads, etc., have 
been secured. 

In one mound, situated near Ander- 
son Station, Indiana, 7,232 flint sjsear 
heads and knives were discovered. The 
bulk was so great that it took four 
horses and a large corn wagon to haul 
the flints to camp. The total weight 
was a trifle over 4,700 pounds. The im- 
plements were found in a layer one foot 
in thickness, extending over a space 
twent,y by thirty feet. Many of them 
were over eight or ten inches in Jeught; 
some of them even larger, while the 
majority ranged from seven to eight 
inches. They are make of gray flint 
found only in Indiana, and show that 
there were from sixty to seventy flakes 
detatched from each one in order to 
fashion it. 

The largest find of flint implements 
made in one place hertofore in Amer- 
ica did not exceed 1,800 specimens. In 
one of the caverns occupied by primi- 
tive man in the valley of ths Seine, be- 
low Paris, 2,300 implements were found 
in one deposit. As it is reasonable to 
conclude that early one day's work was 
expended on each implement, and as 
each one exhibits almost absolute jjer- 
fection as far as flint chipping is con- 
cerned, the find will be of special value 
to ethnological lesearch. 


Humphreys' Veterinary Specifies' have 
been used with perfect success and 
thousands testify that these Specifics' 
cure in half the time and at half the ex- 
pense of any other system or treatment. 



Davie's Nests and Eggs 


Re-Written and Greatly Enlarged, with an 

Introduction by J. Parker Norris, and FuU 

Page Illustrations of Nests, etc. by 

Theodore Jasper, A. M., M. D.. 

and W. Otto Emerson. 

This work la descriptive of the Nests and VggB 
M the Land and Water Birds of North America, 
which includes all the species known to exist— 
those that occur or are Indigenous north c* tha 
Southern United States boundary. Includlncr 
Greenland and the peninsula of Lower California. 

The breeding range of each species is given. 
the time of nesting, the exact number ol egga 
laid, their color and size together with the ctolel 
characteristics of the birds. 

The arrangement of the work Is according to 
the new nomenclature of the A. O. U. Code and 
Check List, and the old numbers (Rldgeway'8). 
as used in former editions, are placed to tbe 
right of each species. Throughout the text all 
the common names of the birds are to be f(»uKl. 
and a comfi^etb amalyticax. ind£X of these la 

An Invaluable book as an aid for the Identlfl- 
eatlon of specimens to all those collecting In tbe 

The work consists of 4TS pages and 13 full page 

Paper Edition, $1.25; Cloth, S1.75. 


Orleans Co. 


Sole Wholesale AgenU 
▲IblOK. M. ¥. 

We have just received from the 
bindery 50 copies of "Davie's" 
bound in flexible cloth covers. As 
long as they last we will send them 
to our patrons for $1.4-0 per copy. 

Rare California View?. stamp for catalogue. S; mi^le 1 
views will be sent upon receipt of 2.5 cents. 

California Art Gallery, Santa Rosa, Gal. 

tl^D C A I C -^ collection of bird ccc.s, Hhoiit 

rV»n Or\ l_C. liHliar. ai.<l ov..i:i2.-.s|,..ciiiipi.h; 
InBtruinciil.s iir.i-il in taxidpiiny and ooioyv. clinit.iiiL'- 
irons. niicriwcotie, l.of>lcx, papern. m.-iilint' txixfs. <-tc.. *lc. 
C. J. THOMciON, 74«>iNoith Tweulielh St.. I'liiladelpliU. 

Pnn(f lilllp fiirtiinpuhn 

ogr, AuMhi, 
lVxa>, ■ml .111.,. ISunn, 'I ul.d", Ohio. 
Seu cut. Olln-i« iir.Ml.,>nir«» wfH- Why 
.Home larn uvir faUO.OO & 
Ml riiiiilo Ihi- w.,ik and livij 
■liprcvtT you art;. Kven bv- 
ffinnrn nrc e.iftilv eaniiiifr from $& to 
f lOadny. All >f('r>. Wn thnw you how 
atid atart Ynn. Can vvf.rk In •pare tlmo 
. r all ih.'lim.-. lllir m<mi-y for work- 
. ra. Failure unknown ntnonfr thorn. 
N K W and wonderful. Tartlculara fro e. 
B.UuUettai£ Co.,Itur MHO JPortlund, Maine 


In April ">KI Ooi.ociisT. we published the fol- 
lowinjr notice: 

•■Collectors having eggs of Bridled Tern that 
they ()t)t;iiued direct from me. will please keep 
the same in their posession until a question 
which h;is recently arisen, can l)e settled. 

My collector on the Bahamas was a man of 
e.xperieiice. and old army captain, and who. for 
the ])ast dozen years, has spent from six to nine 
mouths annually in active Held worlt. In 'H8 
and 'f<9 he brought home from the Bahamas 
several sldns of the Bridled Tern and a few eggs 
which he poxticelij iihnliflfd as coming from 
the same species. That niy collector is honest 
in his belief in the identity of the eggs, Is un- 
questionable, but one of the best, if not the 
very best Oologists in the United States— or 
the world for that matter— writes me that they 
are not the eggs of the Bridled Tern. 

My collector is now in Central America some- 
where and thi.s matter cannot be stniightened 
until his retern which is not expected until 

While I shall refuse to fill orders for eggs of 
this species until his return. I shall also refuse 
to redeem any of the eggs that I have sold for 
that species during the past eighteen months 
until the matter can be straightened. Should 
it be decided that the eggs are genuine, or 
should it be decided otherwise, notice will be 
given in the Ooi.ogirt and I shall straighten 
the matter to my patrons' entire satisfaction.' 

The ejrps have proved to be those of some 
other species, but we now have, however, a 
stock of gmiiiiie Bridled's and our patrons hav- 
ing the spurious specimens ohlauud direcdy- 
from ua can return the same and we will send a 
genuine sjjecimen by next mail. 

rP/>K H. I AT TIN. 

Carr's Natural History and Bird Stores. 

Taxidermy. Bird Skins and Eg^s. Shells. 
Curios, Minerals, Fossils, Indian Relics and 
Naturalists' Supplies :Singing and Fancv Bird.-, 
Talking Parrots, Goldfish and Aquarium 

New Catalogue will be out in Oct.— "90 Cata- 
logues exhausted. 

C. R. CARR. 
Jetf Madison, Wis. 


L A pamphlet of Informntlon and•\^- 
^stracldf the lawd.slinwiiiK How In 
j^Ohtiiln PriteiitH, Ciiv.s'ilH, Trlw^f)/ 
■^.Marks, Cdpyritthtu, sent }Tce./A 
^,Addr».. MUNN Sl CO.^'^ 
.301 Itronrfway. 
New York. 



tHE/ XtlCMT 



\..rA«. 28 UNION SQUARE, ri.y. ..«FRAMCis, 

CM[CA<J0 BOSTOHMAM. m»NTAOA. 6^«7*^'"*Ca 

<r.Louis>*°' FOR SALE BY" <XtusTP- 




iroR Sva^l^E 

Attention Collectors! 


Exotic Bntterflies and Moths 

In brlU'.ant colors and of rare feeauty, from India, 
Australia, Africa and South America lor cash or 
hall cfish and halt in rare eggs or fine bird skins. 
Also fine cocoons from other countries. Send 5c 
for catalogue. State what you want distinctly. 
Absolutely no attention paid to postal cards. Col- 
lections made up in cabinets lor museums and 
colleges, containing all the classes of Insects 
from every clime. We have the largest stock of 
Lepldoptera In New England and charge the low- 
est prices In the United states. 


A $50.?Mnvestment 

Possessing the following Remarkable features 

is deserving of prompt and full 

investigation : 

1st— For ?.t0.00 yon can purchase one fully- 
paid, non-assessable share of stock of 
par value of $100.00 per 


will be paid, half in January and 
halt in July, upon the amount in^ 
vested ; 

3rd-EXTRA DIVIDENDS, to the 

amount of your investment, ■will be 
paid you dining Ihe next few (and 
within ten) years. 

The State Trust Co., 50 Wall St., N. Y., has 
$250,000 of stock on deposit to 

Guarantee Principal and Dividends 

SPECIAL— All stock purchased at 
above price prior to December 1st 
will receive the dividends due Janu- 
ary 1st FREE. After December 1st 
the price of the stock of the 

Colorado Springs 
Gardens Company 

willbe$50.00 PER SHARE, with '6 per 
cent interest added. Write at once for illus- 
trated Prospectus to 


High Class Investment Securities, 


For INVENTORS. 4npage BOOK FREE. Address 
W.T.Fitzgerald, Attorney at Law.WashlngtonD.C. 

cluditiL'Samplp Books, Nov- 
ies, Pictiirps, jraLraziiips.Lft 
ters,Papers,elc.,eacli witliYOTTR 
aiMress hoiruy p in eiloiiwrap- 
\iers.i/ou'll )e--ire nmre cliolce 
ri-adiiiij and hcavirst mail ol 
aiiv <iiie at y.iiir town ; also In- 
sort Toisr aiMrcss for 12 mos, 
inouiGU.'VBANTEED Directory 
tliat CO'-"-, whirl! lis daiiytoMfra 
and Pub's all over the world: 
so .i01 siiniined labels in 2 col- 
ors, with yoar address boUll.v 
printed on each.Tlie entire lot postpaid to YOU for only 
2S ct» ifvonspiiil Yorre pKRMANEj.'Taddressto-da' 
GUMMED ADDRESS CO., No 15559 Phila., P-. 



Isncnv ready for delivery. It contains the 
JKunes and adilresses of the priuoipal Oruitho 
loirt-^ts and Oologists of North Anierlcii, etc. 
Sij pages, printed on good boo;c paper aud bouui 
in heavy antique covers. 

Price Post-paid 35 cents. 

Oilman, Ills. 



That our olllce is now fully equipped with 
lu'w type of the latest styles, new presses and 
new stock, and that we are prepared to furnish 


of any description, neatlj' and promptly execut- 
«^.l at reasonable rates. When you need any- 
thing in our line, it will only cost you a 2-cenW 
.stamp for our estimates iiud saiiiples of our 
work. Address. 


(Succesors to W. A. Crooks & Co..) 



An Illustrated prire-l^st of Elect'-otJiws of 
Birds .>,ent free. Just the thing to use on your 
letter beads, circulars, etc. Engraving to or- 
der. H. A. CARHAKT, Syracuse, N. Y. 

A I IIMIKIIIl/l Kx^iiKiivelons metal, light 
LUIVlinUnrI as paper, s' mug as s'eel. 
aii.l whai we make oin of It. U'litch chains 
Containing 17 .Mumiiium dimes with engrav- 
ed Lords Prayer gild linked and llulsiied. 

In mngnlHcent st.\le, $3. $4. and I . Also 
ladles' neckliice< containing 1-2 AUunliiuin Souv- 
onlers with Lord's Pra.ver |l.(K). Kracelel.s. W 
cents. Bi-eastplns, bangles and charms, all with 
the Lord's I'rau-r each in cents. cradnateii 
pixjket rules, envelope openers paper cutters lin- 
ger rinss, sewing t himbles. each '24 cents. Match 
b )xes :">o cents. Phiques. portrait frames, panels, 
niirne plates, siiuceis. dislns. cups tciuiponns 
S'ltchet boxes, faiis. Uible lorks. mirrors, each 
$1.00 and $i.:Vi. I'rinters composing silcks. jSOo. 
l;nlp»i. horse-blfs. stirrups, slices, watch CMses, 
opera glasses, &c. .An.v < tlier novelt.v made to 
order. '2 lo .'0 cents dls<o mt 'o .Agents. One 
assorted oiitflt by mall ( r ('. O. I), for*.") or 21 for 
iii.or"> for i" cents, or i tor l<i cents. (.No postals) 
»<eiid In .^ our order It \vlll le;id you to 
Aluminum Alloy the greatest ni'-t^d s rengthener 
known for Iron and Urass Founders. $'> i>er 100 
pq^iiifls •'. O. I). Aluminum Ingot.s 97 pj-r cent 
purit V, sheets or wire per pourid. 9' cents to *-2.7."' 

(Kstabllshed \^h) NKWI'OK'P. KY. 

One years suh'^crlp Ion lo the .Alumlnuiri .Vge 
and -I Aluirdnum Watch Charms with Lord's 
I'rayer. B cents. 16 eon copies Monthly, .vddiess 
ttlx NEWTOUT. KY. 


Uig bargains. List for stamp. 


Arc making from ^2 to fO per week by 
sp/fing to their ncqwiinlanr<s oin- hir'/r 
Fholo Engraving of 

Niacjara paJJs. 

.S(»'/ 18 lis. in atamj^i^for sample and 
instruclions. Krcrtj News Agent ami 
Statio7itr should handle these pi<-t?,-rrs. 
150 per cent profit. Address 


68 Hayden St.. Toronto. Canada 

Egg Collectors, Attention ! 


W. A. OLD FIELD, Port Sanilac, Mich. 


IJortli American Bird's Eggs. 




Tho only siiccessfiil remedy for 

Nervous Debility, Vita! Weal(ness, 

anl rrostratioii, from overwork or otlicr causes. 
$1 per vial, or 5 vi/ils and larun vial iiowder. «or f .i. 
Sold by Druooists, or sent postpaid on receipt 

Oor. William and John Sts,, N. 1. 


Dui)liciites can be ri-turncd. 


Catalogue fur stamp. 



We print everything from a Visiting Card i(\ 
a DIetionarj'. at as low prlees as rouslstent with 
good Work. Job Printing. Stereotyi»lng and 
Binding. Send for new jirlct- Hk'.. <: estimate. 
Address, A. M. EDDY. Albion. N, Y. 


The Greatest Business University in America: over-1800 students attended last year, more 
than twice as large an attendance as all other business colleges in Cleveland combined" :more than 
lUUO students who attended last year are now holding good positions. The Euclid Ave. Business 
Cfjllege employs a corp9 of 40 men. nearly one-half of whom have formerly been college presi- 
dents. With such a faculty is it any wonder that its graduates are sought by business men. 
IKS Graduates received diplomas at our last graduating exercises; of that number 175 were hold- 
ing good positions within .vo davs from that date. Nearly ax) will receive diplomas at our next 
animal commencement. Send for circulars or call at the main ofiBce, W Euclid Ave. Telephone 
No. rm. M. J. CATON. Pres. 

N. B.— We have branch colleges in Buffalo. N. Y., and Detroit, Mich. Scholarships good in 
any of the colleges belonging to the Caton system. 

TRAPPED BIRDS. Parties wanting live birds 
such as Cardinal ( Jvose-beaks, Te.xan Bob 
Whites and many others. Address with stamp 
KIT ATKINSON, Dime Box, Texas. 

A STEVENS 22-cal. rifle in fine condition, for 
*9 cost $18. EDWIN WEBB. 611 E. Froftt St.. 
Bloomington. 111. 

MATTER.S — Will all interested in any 
branch of sci^-nce jjleas-wsend me their address'? 
Shall we not have a general association of Sci- 
entists for protU'tion and mutiTil advancement, 
to inchule professi(mnls, ameteurs and stu- 
dents of science as well as friends of science? 


Practcal Taxidermist, Brockport, N. Y 

Dealer in Bird Skins. Eggs. Mounted Birds, 
and Ciu'iosities. Send for price lists. Taxider- 
my executed in nil its branches. Work the fin- 
est prices the lowest. Can furnish (motmted to 
order) any bird obtainable. Correspondence 


ts the Name of a 40-page Monthly Magazine 

PuMished at Mount Holly. North Carolina. 
All persons wishing to learn all about North 
Carol'iia. her unlimited resourses. unrivaled 
(Jimate. and unparalleled inducements offered 
ifw settlers, also a full historj- of her flowers, 
brds and natural ciKiosities. should send .t one- 
cent iiosfitre stamps for copv of OUR SOUTH- i 
ERN HOMR and receive also our little book i 
t'litiilHl ••The Grape. Fruit and Trucking in- 1 
dii-<tvv of North Carolina. Address. M. H 
PRIDE. Mount Holly. North Carolina. 

D. L. DOWD'S Health Exerciser. 

For Brain-Workers and Sed- 
entary People, Gentlemen. 
Ladies. Youths. Athlete or In- 
valid. A complete gynmasium. 
1 Takes up but 6 in square flof>r- 
; room; new. scientific, durable, 
''l - • r • ( comprehensive, cheap. Indors- 

,.„- .iL.^i.j ed by ;-;o.(n;0 physicians. lawyers 

,11 Ai i : \\K.l clergymen, editors, and others 
now using it. Send for circular. -iO engravings, 
no charge. Prof. D. L. Dowd. Scientific. Phys- 
ical and Vocal Culture. C East Uth St.. N. Y. 


Largest like establ'shment in the world. 1st- 
c'.ass Second-hand Instruments at half new 
prices Unprejudiced advice given on all 
makes. Machines sold on monthly payments. 
Any instrument mannfactu.ied shipped, privi- 
lege to examine, exchanging a 
Wholesale prices to dealers. Illustrated Cata- 

lOfnei: Civc. 

TYPEWRITER | 31 Broadwaj-. N. V. 
r,^ . ^^,, . -r^^^-r, o. ''"^^ Wabash Ave.. 



Mention Oologist. CHICAGO. 

BEAUTIFUL Michigan WildFlowers. Some 
o-dered of me by Columbian Exposition 
.\uthoritles. Three catalop^ies. each free. No. 
1. descriptive Retail list. No. ti, Wholesale trade 
list. No. :i. Carp Pond list. 



Soldiers disabled since the war are entitled 

Dependent widows and parents now de^eii 
dent, whose sons died from effects of army Ser- 
vice are inc/uded. If yoii wish your claim 
speedily and successfully prosecuted, address. 

Wilfred A. Brotherton, JAMES TANNER, 


LateCom'rof Pensions, Washington. D, C. 


ALB£ON, N. Y, DEC, 1891. 

No. 12 

■Exchanges and Wants. 

Brief special anuoiincements. "Wants," "F.x- 
chauges" inserteil iu this departiueut for 25c 
per •£> words. Notices over S) words, charged 
at the rate of one-hiilf cent per word. No 
notice Inserted for less than iSc. Notlc«j3 
which are merely indirect methods of soliciting 
cash purchasers cuunot be admitted to these 
columns under any circumstinces. Terms, 
cash with order. 

Grove, Monterey Co., Cala. 

WANTED.— To correspond with collectors of 
Beetles, in Texas ami the Gulf States. WILL- 
IAM D. RICHARDSON, Box -J^i, Fredericks- 
burgh. Virginia. 

WANTED. -Skins of Warblers, and Birds in 
the meat. Send list, with lowest cash price. 
W. F. DKALIN'G. No. 1211 N. Aldrich Ave., 
Minneapollis. Minn. 

TO EXCHANCiE.— A collection of birds eggs 
(sets and singles i for Safety Bicycle or camera. 
THOM VS GADSDEN, lift) Whitaker St. Savan- 
nah. Ga. 

TO EXCHANGE.— First class original sets 
with full diti. A. O. U. Nos. 7 1-1. 5la % «.,, 71 
i-j «,,- 3-3. 77 1^. 1(W 1-1 2-1. 33{) ij. 102 1-5. 4(17 1.4 2-4 
\. 619 1-5. C. G. WILLARD. Newcastle. Maine. 

FOR EfJGS OR STAMPS.— One pair Acme 

S' ■'■v; one steel bracket saw frame: sil- 

and small gold niijrget. St. Nich- 
. .WO postmark.s. DAVID A. POU- 
i j.i\ 11. 1 Kcley. California. 

TO KX 'HANGE.— Ihave the following sets 
■■'y'liange for singles with data: Ridgew. 
-Ill, „'70. :il1. L'lO, 242.11,270. 15.3. 204, lO), 
.M. 1 15. 2.')Sa. all first class with data, also 
Stamps and Cigarette Pictures. Address 
.1. KEMPEN, care L. Henkels, Austin, 

WA.NTF.D.— First class sets of 13. 40. 5«, i;tl, 
•til. 31.'!. 2<U. M< 2(il. Have sets of Owls and 
Hiiium-rs. O. P. SILLMAN. Watsou\-llle. Cal. 

N'( )'l"li I ;. -For every 2.TC. worth of curiosl- 

• i ■ ■ iii.oUs sent me I will give a Chinese cross 

made fif wood. Also eggs to exchange. 

,V C. MARK, vol E. nth St. Davenport. 

I HAVE back numbers of American Agriciil- 

t\irlst, also fossil coral, /irerualiiria to exchange 

N >r good sjieclmens of all kinds and 'ndlan rel- 

■s. HERBERT DU.VN. Clssna Park, Irocjuols 

Co. 111. 

ia'«) tags, 4.1 kinds. 2.J0 post marks, fountain 
pen. eggs. 25 and 50 cent novels, to exchang.? 
tor eggs. etc. CLYDE B. PARKER, Oberlhi, 

WANTED: -Bullet moulds (conical and 
round). No. 50. Govt., with cutter to match 
Offer "Davie's Nest and Eggs." new, cloth 
latest ed. C. E. PLEAS. ClinUiu. Ark. 

TO EXCHANGE.- A good Howe Sewing 
Machine for breech loading shot gun. Also 
two more sets of Chinese Pheasants' eggs for 
eggs not in my collectitm. ROBERT WAR- 
RICK. Fleming N. Y. 

WANTED.— A well matched pair of Buffalo 
Bulls horns in rough, short, thick ones curved 
one way only pre iered. No cards. GEO. VOS- 
BURG, Columbus, Wis. P. O. Box 307. 

TO EXCHANGE.-lst Class Eggs. W.t-O: Re' 
vol ver. »3.W): Typewriter. *I.OO: 4 vols Golden 
Dayft, $12: 2 vols. Oor.ocisT: 20(J Pish Lucky 
bones for Bicycle;; sundries. H. H. ABEEL 
118 Main St. Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

WANTED.-Oilgfnal £5et w^ilh fulTdato ^ 
Sand-Hill Crane. Must be cheap! Will nav 
cash. Address W. CONGER JvfoRGAN, 121 
Lake Ave.. Albany. N. Y. 

TO EXCHANGE.— I have about seventy var- 
ieties of birdskins In first class condition 
which I will exchange for best offer of birdti 
eggs. Address GEO. D. HUNTINGTON, .536 

West Ave.. Rochester, N. Y. 

TO EXCHAN(;E.— Have fine sets of 177. 2'.«a 
311. 31S. .-iiit, ;ii.-,. sST. no. 421. 50f).r>oti..',(»s and nests 
.594. 7(H1. 707. tini. A.O. U. wanted 
are ,W2, . •*•>(, .•S7;i .i'.K). 416. 4W). 474b. 4!i4. .5l»7a 5!»l 
642, 702. 711. i'V. THOMAS H. JACKSON' 
West Ch(!ster, Pa. 

WA.VTKD. -A Good VlolUi. 23 caL Rifle. Com 
pound Microscope, Magic r,:iiit.-rii Give full 
de.scription. AVill give~iii ■ inrdsEsfirs 

DANAC. GILLIOTT, B.ii. ,. y. 

TO E.XOHAXGK.— Dcsir.ilik 
Several (Ni'uinon sets wanted. 

s iiLcles for sets. 
Wtiat ha v. 

toolTer? No pf)stals. W. CONGER MORGAN 
liJI Lake Ave , Albany. N. Y. 

FLORIDA eggs for ex. A. O. IT. 37.'J4. iVTnU 
4200' i. I'.i.i',. SO'... lAJa'i. 513 3,3. and «xlra 
strong pair clliiiiiers. for Coues K'ov.' 3d or 4th 
edition. WILLARD ELIOT. Thouolosassa 
Florida. ' 

eggs in sets or singles for moiiii' 
au<U>lrds In flic meat. Have 
eggs siieli as .\o. '1 .'.). :t77. 2i»l.l. I 
,). lil'LLOCK, M.irshalU.. •, ; 








WANTED.— To correspond witli advanced or- 
nitholog-sts and oolosists in all parts of Amer- 
ica, for the pui-pose of making: exchanges the 
comini,' -winter. TRUMAN R. TAYLOR, 00 
William St., Rochester, N. Y. (Oologist, Ward's 
Natural Science Est.) 

TO EXCHANGE.— Western eggs, sets with 
data, singles for a good '3i or 44 cal. ritle ; pair 
clinihers: minerals: books or. magazines relat- 
ing to Natural History. Address EDMUND 
HELLiEil. Riverside, Calif. 

WANrEO— Data-blanUs, lahels, etc printed 
in exclimu-^ for eggs, fos-ils and minerals. 
Bt><s o'l 13 )t my. G-3^1">gy or any branch of 
Natural II story wanted. E. S. PARK, ll-'o 
Pleasant St.. DesMotues. Iowa. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Mounted Specimen of 
AVhistling Swan for mounted birds and skins. 
D. J. BULLOCK. Marshalltown. Iowa. 

one sending me Foreign and rare U. S. stumjis. 
A three dollar paper a year. Write for lists 
and state what von have. All letters answered 
CAMERON LAWTON, Box 1. Pattersons Mills, 
Wash. Co.. Penn. 

TfTi^piT Sample copy of the Empire State 
r'-l\ori Exchange, the best collectors paper 
out. The Xmas No. is a dandy. PERKINE 
BRO.S.. Eden Valley. N. Y. 

CAOCEI O 10 vnr. for •!:>.. 1,5 f0r mc. p. p. 
rUdwiLO Prirted labels with each kind. 
H. E. BROCK, Mason City, Iowa. 

I HAVE 37.") tobacco tags and stamps to ex- 
change for best offer in bird's eggs or bociks on 
Natural History. MALCOLM M. THOMPTON. 
St. Croix Falls. Wis. 

TO EXCHANGE. -One Simplex Camera, 
complete and in good condition, sliells, and fine 
collection of woriis on Stamps, for. Sanuiel's 
books on birds eggs. Lattin.s No. 3 otjtiit, oolo- 
gi.'-fs supplies, including climbing irons. ROB- 
ERT D. WAINWRIGHT, 139 Freemason St. 
Norfolk, Va. 

TO EXCHANGE.— 33 cal, rifle for the best 
offer of first class eggs in sets with full data. 
JAMES McCRACKEN- 1451 Noble Ave., Noith 
Side. Chicago, 111. 

TO EXCHANGE.— Italian Violin, bow and 
instructive book, in good condition, for best 
otfer of eggs or insects, references given and re- 
quired. C. G. SERGEANT, Winnebago City, 

TO EXCHANGE.-547 varities cigarette pic- 
tures. 13.5 varieties tobacco tags. 33 caliber rifie. 
"Chemical VVondei's" (Youth's Companion 
premium list), small electro-magnetic coil, for 
stinps. egg3, ooloeist supplies. F. 
B0:iGH0LTHAU3, 13 Florence Court, Minn- 
eapolis. Minn. 

EXCHANGE your U. S. stamps for first class 
rare eggs, at catalogue prices for each. The 
following for stamps- Marsh Hawk l-o; Prairie 
Hen. 1-13 and Ml: Re4-tail Hawk 1-3: King Rail 
1-10; Fish Crow 1-3; Bewick's Wren 1-7: Tufted 
Titmouse l-ti: Am. Golden Plover I-l: Killdeer 
1-4 and l-:i: Swainson's Hawk 1-4; Golden- wing- 
ed Warbler 1-4. Have many common eggs as 
well. Let me hear from yoa. O. W . BRIGGS, 
Paw Paw. Illinois. 


For 1 5c. post-il note ] will send One Bunch 
CHINESE NE^^ SI'APER. nnd &HEr-,L and 

G&ines, N. Y. 

FOR EXCHANGE.— The following 1st class 
skins with full data, mostly in pairs— i.e male 
and female. A. O U. Nos. 653. VJA. «.55, t)5i), 
6t50.6f>l, (167, 681, f>87, 657.510. 511. 514. 56.5a. 533. 53«. 
5.36. 585, 6as. 611, 613. 616, 61<t, 705. 738. 748, 749, 481 
47 If . 171, 467, 466a, 453. 45:^. 4!.3, 413. 412, 407.402. 
400, :«Hi. ^..■,, 3C:0, 339. 333, 331, 391. 2'..3. 289. '■2'>\. 310, 
l'.«i. \K,. \' ■,. 167, 130. io:ib, 77. 71. 248. 403. 405, 737. 
73S. 506 f>'.i.5. 494, 3'M, 231. 2,54, 2.55, 373c, 131 and 
Mongoi;;ni Pheasant, Desire in return. Eggs 
In sets vith data, Books on Ornithology. Cam- 
era. Shot gun. 22 cal. rifle. What have yon* 
0«^y reli;>,ble parties need ^^^ite. Correspond- 
ence with working Ornithologists desired. 
Dr. A. G. PRILL, Springville, Erie Co., N. Y. 


(For full description see page 207, Oct. 


I have a few copies of this valuable 
woi'k left ami will send a copy, as long 
as the supply lasts, to any addi'ess pre- 

Address at once 


Box 2o6o, Nev/ York, N. Y. 


The following No's, of the Ooi.ogist are of 
special value to to every collector: 
Feb. '89. Maurice Thompson's ••Red-headed 

March. '89, "Directions for making a Bird or 

Mammal Skin." 
Nov.. '89. Complete List of N. A. Birds with 

prices of eggs, also three pages of Oologic;.! 

Feb.. '90. Complete List of N. A. Birds and the 

prices of their skins. 

Feb., '91, A complete de.scription of the first 62 

numbers of fhe Young Ooi.ogist and Ooi.o 

GIST with price per copy, also an exhaustive 

Index of Vol, VII 

Any of the above Ooi-ogists will be sent you 

post "paid for .5cts. or the entire five for only 

15cts. Address 

Albion, N. Y. 

IFICS have been used with perfect suc- 
cess and thousands testify tliat these 
Specifics cure in half the time and at 
/(crZ/^Ae C3'^c?tsc of any other system oi- 



IncluiliDg Sample Rooki, Not- 
elties, Pictures, Haicaziuea, Let- 
ters. Papers, etc., tach with yotfr 
address buldlj priute'd od eacb 
wrapper. Yuu will receiTe'^ore 
clioicj readiug and heaviest mail 
of aoj one at your town. We will 
also insert jonr address rortwrUe 
months in our GuarHoteed Dir^M:- 
tiTT. that goes wbirliug dailv tu 
Mauufacturern aud PubliHbers all 
over the world ; aud 600 of your boldly 
printed and Gummed addresses, in two 
colors, for your personal us-- to Rtick on' 

four tetters, books, etc.; also Lum Smith's IG-pase Hbrald. 
2 months (regular price aluue 50 oeots). All tne and post* 
paid to vou. Send vour address to-day on a postal to 

6UMM£D ADDRESS CO., 126 S. 8th St., Phila., Pa. 

Scientific American 
Agency for 


For Information and free Handbook write to 

MUNN & CO.. 3m Broadway, New York. 
■Oldest bureau for securinR patents In Amertca. 
Eyery patent taken out by us la broucbt before 
the public by a notice given free of charge in the 

<f cjctttifit ^wencatt 

LaxKest circulation of any scientific ptpcr in the 
world. Splendidly illustrated. No intollisent 
man should be without it. Weekly, S3. 00.'' 
ygar; $1..% six months. Address MUNN & C 
* SUSHBUS, 361 Broadway, New York. 


For INVENTORS. 4" page BOOK FlJPWi. Address 
W T-Fit/perald. \tJ6i>iDey at Law.VVashlngwnD.C. 


IS TKE BEST. -^^^^ ^^ 

CH C AGO BOSTOH MAIJ. «Tl»MT» OA. »*" c»U "> 

T. LOUIS I*"- FOR SALE BY '»*"-mtP- 


■ . FOR SAUE ' .'^c. 


^eMarLI N RREARifeGd. 

• NE.W. HAVEN, CONN,,. U.S.A. 


Tn April "(h) OoL( GIST, vre published the fol' 
lowing notice: 

• Loilectoit. navins epRS of Bridled Tera that 
they obtained direct from me. will please keep 
the" same in their posessiou until a question 
which has recently arisen, can be settled. 

My collector on "the Bahamas was a man of 
experience, and old anny captain, and who. for 
the past dozen years, has sjjentfrom six to nine 
months annually in active field work. In '88 
and '89 he broii'ght home froni the Bahamas 
several skins of the Bridled Tern and a few eggs 
which he postively identilied as coming from 
the same species. That my collector is honest 
in his belief in the identity of the eggs, is un- 
(liiestioiiaWe. but one of the best, if not the 
very best Oologists in the United States— or 
the world for that matter— writes me that they 
are not the eggs of the Bridled Tern. 

My t'nllector is now in Central America some- 
where and this matter cannot be straightened 
until his retem which is not expected until 

Vv bile I shall refuse to fill orders for eggs of 
this species tmtil his reliiin. 1 shi'll also reiuse 
to redeem any of the iggs that I have sold for 
that species during the past eighteen months 
until the matter can be sti-aightened. Should 
it bo decided that the eggs are genuine, or 
should it be decided otherwise, notice will be 
L;iven In the Ooi.ogist and I shall straighten 
the matter to my patrons' entire satisfaction." 

The eggs have proved tt) be thtise of .some 
other species, but we now have, however, a 
.stock cf genuine Brldled's and (Uir patrons hav- 
ing the spurious specimens ohfatixd directly 
from IIS can retiirn the same and we will send » 
genuine specimen by next mall. 



Carr's Natural History and Bird Stores. 

Taxidermy. Bird SUius and Kggs. .Shells, 
Curios, Minerals, Fossils, Iiullan Ivelics and 
Naturalists' Supplies ;Siiging aud Fancy Birds, 
Talking Parrots, Goldfish and A(iuarlum 

New Catalogue will be out In Oct.— "90 Cata- 
logues exhaust/ed, 

C. F. CARR. 
Jelf Madl.son. Wl.s. 





In putting up a lot of Marvelous Collections. 
we had over 4-00 wrapped and labelled 
specimens left, some 4o dilterent varieties, 
which retail at from 1 to 10c each. 
The First$2 Bill 
takes the lot by express , or by mail prepaid nOc 





"SxT^^, IV^antTnal^ and £^^5, 


I make a specialty of mailing birds same day 
as skinned, or sent in the fiesh after subjecting 
them to a preservative prepa'r^ition. EncloBe 
stamp for Price List. 




Duplicates can be returned. 


Catalogue for stamp. 

Rare CciHfornia View?. 

Enclose stamp for catalogue. Su,mple of 
views will be sent upon receipt of 25 cents. 

California Art Gallery, Santa Rosa, Cal. 


8 26t 

4 Bod Eb«U, S'aa'»a. 

i Starfish, Capo C'jd. Utua. 

i Bark froB, - ■ ~ " " 

to Tii*k Shell. W. I. 
11 Or;RU]pir«c CorgJ, 6liirS]^0(» 
IS Cjrpraa l^-m. Hxagnyrm 

IS Bed Has B««&, 

19 Braacb OrkL h 

91 AcoTD B*raKcl«, Padflo 

S3 Rom ConO. B«hkmM 

93 QtuirU Crriul. Hot Sprtn^i^ Ark. 

S0 Money Cowry. Oyloo 

■-•ft AIlipot/>r Tootk. Iniiao ftwr. FU. 

81 Owrio Bptm^, B*' 
SS rttnOtA Wood. £ 

S3 "Bsotrt*" fttm, f^. Os., 
.ti Sud 8h»A £cs, AttauA 
» Flexible Coi»r(iiUtes). 

96 J.impet, Babuctaa 

37 BloodTtooth fHkall, ffatBca 

SS FomU BhATk Tbo«^ flL C. 



lUtm LodostoM. Ucfnt Con^ Alk 

1 I*i«ie of L 


Pmbiislt^r of "TSB 001,06 I8T^ 

l;«c)mtni. InitnuMsti, EboptlM ifl( 

PuUlMticu far Iha K4tu«IlcC 

Albion, N. Y. 

•Idarone* wiU B[<pre 

• tia mesiti. Tbeiipecim 

Davie's Nests and Eggs 


NonfH aiviericaN birds* 

Re-Written and Greatly Enlarged, with an 

I.itroduction by J. Parker Norris, and Full 

Page Illustrations of Nests, etc. by 

Theodore Jasper, A. M., M. D., 

and W. Otto Emerson. 

W. will Mnd tbc entln ColiMtiaa bj r 
' ftail vnpiMd M.panul7, t^t dM»^y and vMi^fat 

AddroM plainly. F&ASK H. UlTTUf. at.rtaij j^^ y. 

This work is descriptive of the Nests and Ee:g» 
of the Land and Water Birds of North America, 
which mcludes all the species known to exist— 
those that occur or are indigenous north of th» 
Southern United States boundary. Including 
Greenland and the peninsula of Lower California. 

The breeding range of each species is given, 
the time of nesting, the exact number of eggs 
laid, their color and size together with the chief 
characteristics of the birds. 

The airangement of the work Is according to 
the new nomenclature of the A. O. U. code and 
Check List, and the old numbers (Rldgewajr'B), 
as used in former editions, are placed to ttie 
right of each species. TlirouRhout the text all 
the common names of the bird-s are to be found, 
and a complbtb analytical index of these U 

An Invaluable book as an aid for the Identlfl- 
cation ol specimens to all those collecting In tha 

The work consists ol 475 pages and IS full page 

Paper Edition, $1.25; Cloth, $1.75. 


Sole Wholesale Agent, 
Orleans Co. Albion, N. Y, 


We have just received from the 
bindery 50 copies of "Davie's" 
bound in flexible cloth covers. As 
long as they last we will send them 
to our patrons for $1.4-0 per copy. 


X-Mas Present 


With every order of GOc. or o\er re- 
ceived between the dates of Dec. 24lh 
and Jan 6th., we wrap an X-nias gift 
worth at least ten per eent of amoiml 

Frank H. L.\ttin 



ALBION, N. Y.. DEC , 1891. 

No. 12 

The Sharp-shinned Hawk. 

Little has been said througli the t-ol- 
iimns of the Oologist about this little 
compound of pluck aud ferocity; is it 
because of its scarcity ? or is it because 
it is not deemed worth the space. Now 
this bird i^ to me one of the most inter- 
esting of the Falconidce; itself satisfied 
dash alone being enough to bring it in- 
to prominence. Although it is a bird 
that is fond of the seclusion of deep 
woods; it is perfectly at home in the 
town; several times I have seen one of 
them skimming laboi'iously over the 
ground, witli a thrush nearly its own 
size in its talons, and this too in the city 

As I look over my collection, I see 
two small but beautiful eggs, the bold 
chocolate marking agreeing wc^ll with 
the character of the author of this being 
Well do I rememljer that day when 
crossing a dense swamp, the quick, de- 
cided flight of the Sliarp-shinned Hawk 
caught my eye, and through the bush 
and over fallen logs I followed that 

As as the hawk was aware of being 
followed, it became excited and drop- 
ped the bird it was carr^-ing, and perch- 
ed upon a high limb of a dead tree and 
scowled at us fiercely. 

Soon after we found the nest not far 
uj) in a large i)ine tree, and I commen- 
ced the ascent with the execrations of 
the hawk and his mate who had flown 
from the Jnest, delivered rapidly in a 
high and shrill key. Now and then he 
would vary the i)roceedings by making 
a bold swoop at the intruder, every 
time feigning to miss the maik by a 
few feet, and fliying into a neighl)oring 
tree to watch the efTect, and tlieii wluai 
I reached the top of the perilous climb, 
and put my hand into the nest I found 

" * * * simply nothing, 
Not a single thing in it, 
Not even an egg-shell, — 
No, nothing at all." 

A few days after, I returned to the 
nest with two spotted hens eggs with 
wlwch to replace any hawk's eggs I 
might tind. The two eggs I did find 
were altogether unlike, in size or mark- 
ings, the eggs I i)roiight. The birds 
were meanwiiile more excited than be- 
fore and often passeil so near me that 
I could feel the rush of theii wings. 

^\'hat an ecstacy of delight is that of 
the y(nmg collector securing his first 
set, how well do I remember the excite- 
ment of that moment, the hurried ques- 
tions, the i>nail-like pace to the nest all 
heightened l)y the (juick sharp chii-ps of 
the birds, and still, whenever I look 
over my collection and see the two In-own 
aud drab beauties my mind reverts 
to that scene in the bus!): the tall stately 
pine, the beautiful and pure white trel- 
liums; and the beautiful birds dashing 
and screaming around my head. 

Although the label in tlie tray prosa- 
ically says: 

Fam. Falconid:!?, 
Genus, Accipiter. 
333^. w/ox(Wils.) 
Sharp-shinned Hawk, . 
My memory thinks only of the beauti- 
ful and poetical. Truly it can be said 
of the oologist what liryant says to 
the evening wind: — 

"Pleasant shall be thy way where meek- 
ly bows 

TJie shutting flower, :iml darkling 

waters pass. 
And where thco'er-shadowing biaiu'hes 

sweep the gra.'^s." 

W. H. McNaikn, 
Toronto. Ont, 



A Wliit3 Grow. 

I noticed iii Novemijer Oologist an 
article headed, '"Albino Birds." Now 
I wish to speak about such birds as 

On the 27th of November, 1891. my 
brother and I went hunting for ducks 
at Peijuot Lake, which is situated about 
eight miles from this city. Well we 
arrived there and were walking along 
the shore of the Lake, when we heard 
an awful cawing, as though the whole 
creation of crows were assembled to- 
gether and seemingly trying to outdo 
every sound. 

While tiying to approach the crows, 
I started them all on the wing, about 
two hundred strong. 

But what should I perceive among 
the whole troop — a white bird wheeling 
and keeping I'ight in their midst. . 

The thought flashed through my 
mind, could the white bird be a Albino 
Crow, impossible. 

I again slowly approach the place 
where they had alighted in a large field 
when most of the crows again took 
flight, but several of them, perhaps 
fifty, settled on an old rail fence, and 
among them the white bird, which 
alightetl on one of the top rails. 

We stood and watched the white bird 
two or three minutes, the shape of its 
body, pose,etc. making sure that it was, 
without boubt, an Albino Crow. I am 
al$o quite sure that I distinguished its 
cry from among the others, it seemed 
more harsh and gutteral. 

I again, for the third time, advanced; 
mj'' eyes seemed growing bigger and 
bigger, and a firmer grip of the gun did 
I take, as I neared, step by step, to the 
diamond among the setting of coals.' 

The black crows, one after another 
flew away. Could it be possible that I 
should get within range ? But, alas, he 
Hew, but had the credit of being one of 
the last to do so. I watched him fly 
away towards the North with his fellow 
but black brethren. 

That it Avas an Albino Crow, I would 
be willing to stake almost anything up- 
on it, his manner of flight, size, actions, 
and the immaculate white that clothed 
his C07-VUS body. 

There is a taxidermist who resides in 
this city who has a mounted Albino 
Blue-Jay, and also an Albino Bank 
SSvallow; and another friend of mine 
has in his possession a finely mounted 
Albino Gray Squirrel. 

Albert N. Roberts, 
Holyoke, Mass. 

The Pileated Woodpecker. 

During my career as a naturalist and 
reader of scientific papers, I have 
not noticed a single article on this 
grand species. 

The Ivory-billed is some larger and 
more scarce, but it cannot be more in- 
teresting than the Pileated, which Doc- 
tor Coues says is rai'e. It is quite com- 
mon here, and is heard more than any 
other species. 

They are very Avary birds and if once 
they see you, it is useless to pursue 
them with a view to getting a shot at 
them. They are Aery fond of picking 
iu rotten logs or stumps in search of 
ants and other insects AA'hich inhabit 
such places, and can often be taken 
while thus engaged. 

I have often heard father and mother 
tell how tame these birds used to be 
when Eastern Indiana was new. When 
father Avas a boy he used to kill them 
with a stick, by striking around the 
stump on Avhich they Avere at work. 
Mother has caught raanj' a one in her 
sun bonnet by slipping up to the stump 
on the opposite side from the bird, and 
when he AA'Ould put his head into some 
hole or crevice in search of ants or 
worms, would quickly put her bonnet 
over h im . 

Here, during the fall months they 
feed a great deal on Avild grapes and 
berries of the Black Gum, and later ou. 



the Dogwood berries. I have a tiue foui), crvstal wliite eggs, small lor so 
pair mounted in my colloetion, one of large a liird; size about 1x1.25. 
whieh was shot a few days ago l)y my j The adult is about 18 iiu-hes in length 
husband, the other by myself. | coloi-, blaek, with a narrow white stripe 

It is almost impossible to gi^t a shot above the eye; a wider one front the 
at them unless they are feeding. i.( stril fi-athers (inclusive), under the 

A few mornings ago I heard an un- eye and along the side of the head and 
usual commotion in some trees near neck. 

the house, and went to see what it was The chin is white, tinged with snljjhur- 
all about. It proved to be a Sparrow yellow. Entire erown from the base of 
Hawk trying to catch a Golden wingeti i the bill, with a well developed occipital 

Woodpecker for his breakfast. Soon 
another Golden-winged put in appear- 
ance, and in a few minutes a Pileated 
came to the rescue He would swoop 
down on the hawk from his elevated 
position in some tall ti'ce, and drive it 
screaming away. Tie would then return 
to his chosen position uttering his loud 
metalic cry, and await the coming of 
the hawk. They kept up the battle till 
the hawk seemed completely tiled out. 
and gave up in despair. 

They utter but one note, so far as I 
have been able to discover. This is a 
a series of aik, cnk.cAik, with each letter 
sounded, thus cuk (short),i-epeated many 
times in succession, with a variati(m in 
pitch of voice and rai)idity. The note 
somewhat resembles that of the Golden- 
winged Woodpecker, though it is much 
louder and more metalic. 

The towering top of some dead pine 
furnishes a good "lookout," and from 
these the males keep watch in the morn- 
ing hours uttering their peculiar note 
and making the hills for miles around 
resound with their "music." 

There are Tailor-birds, Oven-birds 
and Masons, and the Wood{)eckcr is 
truely a carpenter. He slia|)cs his home 
to suit his taste, the entiance being 
made with the ])rccision of a compass. 
He is n >t a "jack of all trades," but 
works only in wooil, and oft<'n in live 
hard timber, making large excavations 
which are sometimes three feet deep. 
The eggs are placed at the bottom of 
these excavations, the eonii»lement lie- 
ingfrotn three to six,fgenei-ally three or 

crest, bright scarlet. Cheek patches of 
the same. 

The fema'e and ,young male hu ks the 
red on th(> cheek, and the anterior half 
of the top of the head is rei)Iaced by 

These birds inhabit North America, 
from the Atlantic to the Pacilic, in tim- 
bered districts, but seem to shun civil- 
ization; for,as a country becomes thick- 
ly settled they all <lisa])pear, 

I took a set of four fresh eggs this 
season from a large dead white oak tree 
three of which were average sized eggs, 
and the fourth not more than half as 
large and almost spherical. 

Mrs. Pl!:.\s, 

Clinton, Ark. 

Eusset-backed Thiush' 
No. 758. Tunlns n^lualtus (m:tt.) 

Hab.— Paciiic Coast Region of North 


This biril is a common resident of 
Linn county, Oregon, during the breed- 
ing season, and can be found in the low 
shrubeiy along the many small moun- 
tain streams, at any time during the 
nesting season. During the moining 
and afternoon the birds are generally 
silent, but in the evening twilight, its 
song rings forth and tills the hills and 
valleys with its joyous nu-lody. 'I'he 
bird i.s generally perched upcm some 
small bush, head erect and thrown back 
while singing. At these times one can 
appi-oach within a short distant e. with- 



out the bii'd showing the least fear, but 
during the day it is different, one can 
hardly approach within gun-shot dis- 
tance in the thick bushes, for the bird is 
constantly in motion, moving from 
bush to bush. 

It sings far into the night as I have 
often heard it as late as eleven o'clock. 
The alarm note of the bird is, chuck ! 
chuck ! ! 

The nest is built in some low bush 
not over six feet high, generally, and is 
made of grass, roots, leaves and twigs; 
sometimes moss. One nest has come 
under my observation made entirely of 
3'ellowish green moss, which was not 
dry but perfectly fresh. It was a beau- 
tiful nest, and very compact. 

It was placed directh^ over a Uu'ge 
mountain stream and only about li feet 
above the surface of the water. It was 
in a fir bush and contained four beatiti- 
fully maxfttu tggs. li-ev ar" ^ a green- 
ish blue ground <"-"'(- , spotted with 
shades of bro\, i cliietly at the larger 
end, except one which was generally 
spotted over the entire surface. 

It commences to build about May 1st, 
and fresh eggs can be obtained about 
the 15th to June 1st. 

Their average size is about .96x.67. 
Dk.^A. G. Prill. 

How Mr. M. Eeeps his Oolcgical Treasures- 

I have seen a number of ai'ticles on 
cabinets for birds eggs, but I have never 
seen one I liked as my own, so I will 
give it to the readers of the Oologist. 

You all know that light must be kept 
away from the eggs, and mine is jjlan- 
ned for that piupose. 

My case is made of pine, but I would 
have cedar if 1 had another made as it 
is something of a moth preventative. 

It is six feet in heighth and 42 inches 
in width, and with a depth of 18 inches 
it contains IG draw'ers, in two rows; 
ranging in (lcj)th from 2i to 4 inches 
deep. This leaves room below the 

drawers for several shelves for books, 
tools, etc. 

1'his is not a very expensive case and 
and it will hold an immense number of 

I would not have bird skins in the 
same case with eggs. 

I line the bottom of the drawers with 
cotton wadding or cotton flannel — 

I keep each set of eggs in a separate 
tray made from black card board. Do 
not use white card board, as I have 
heard that the aisenic in it was injur- 
ious to the shell. 

The eggs certainly look better in a 
black box and w hen this is placed on 
the white bottom of the drawer, you 
have some thing you can take pride iu 
looking at. 

I cut a piece of wadding just the size 
of the tray to lay under the eggs. 

I use Lattin's datas in book form 
numbering first book from 1 to 100, the 
second from 101 to 200 and so on. 

In the tray with each set I put a slip 
of paper. Tags of various kinds or as 
I do insect labels, and on them I put 
the number of the species, set mark 
and a number to correspond to the data 
in my books. In this way I can tell in 
a moment all I want to know about a 
get and it is by far the easiest way I 
know to keep track of a collection. 

I do not believe this method can be 

I make my own trays because I can 
do it better than any manufacturer and 
I can have any size. 

I take a piece of board about f inch 
thick and cut a hole in it the size I 
want a tray and then make blocks to 
till it, and a lot of small wedges. I 
make one of these for each size of tray I 
want. I take my card board and cut it 
the right size. I have them f inch deep 
and score it with a knife i incli from 
and then cut in at the end with shears 
so the lap will come at the end, break 
them well at the score marks, put mu- 



•cilagc on the tlap, and place tlu-ni in 
the foiuis, wedge them in and let them 
■dry. When I take them out I trim the 
■edges. If you do not break them well 
they will l)ow out of shape as the ones 
you buy. 

A. C. MuKcnisoN, 
Kewanee, Illinois. 

Thanksgiving Notes from the Far West. 

To-day being Thanksgiving Da , I 
have sometime to myself, so take a walk 
to the suburbs of the eity to stud}' bird 
life. Although the winter season is 
tiear at hand, the weather so far has 
been very mild, and therefore there are 
a,re but few winter visitors with us; on 
the other haml there are several sum- 
mer species still here that evew up for 
"the absence of the winter bird-?. 

Today i)ird life seems abundant. The 
first species noted is a Western Winter 
Wren, skipping about in our hedge. 
Next comes a Ruby Crowned Kinglet 
with its scolding note; it stops a mo- 
ment, then goes on, and is soon out ot 
sight. The familiar note of the Wes- 
tern Blue-bird is now he^rd and upon 
looking upward we see three of them, 
«nd as many Oregon Juncos flying aftei 
them. They Hy at one another loi some 
time us il jj^aying • ag, the Juncos get- 
ling the best of it. A little farther on 
Xve come to a Mountain Ash tree full of 
Ved berries and among them are four 
C iliforaia Purple! Finches eat;ing the 
berries. The}' prefer the ones that are 
•decaj'cil aiul onl}' eat the small seeds 
inside the Ijerry. In a neighboring tree 
are a number of Western K()l)iMs. They 
are more greedy and swallow the ber- 
Whole. both species seem to be quite 
tame, allowing me to stand within four 
-feet of them, but j)erhaps it is the ber- 
I'ies they are inlere-jted in. As we con- 
tinue our walk we hear on either side, 
the song of the Rusty Song Sparrow. 
Its song is pleasing and no doubt simi- 
lar to its Kastern cousins. Our atten- 

tion is now attracted by the harsh crv 
of the California Blue Jay; close behind 
is its mate. We are still in the city 
and it seems odd to see a Jay here. 
Another bird that comes uiuler our no- 
tice is the Oregon Towhee. It too, looks 
out of place in the city for like others 
of the genus, I'lpilo, it delights in being 
in thick brush where it may be heard 
scratching noisily among the fallen 
leaves for insects. 

As we near the woods we meet with 
the Oregon Junco, California Purple 
Finch, Myrtle and Audubon's Warbler, 
(winter plumage) and the Rusty Song 
Sparrow in large numbers, and in a tree 
not far away is seen the Oregon Chick:> 
dee feeding. 

It is now Hearing dinner time so I 
must return home and help devour 
Mcleagris domcsticus. I wish the editor 
and readers of the Oologist could join 

You can imagine what a friendly 
hand-shaking two thousand Ornitholo- 
gists and and Oologists could have. 
C.LVDE L. Kei.lkk, 
Salem, Oregon. 

Nov. 26, '91. 

The Blue-gray Gnat-catoher in Arkansas- 

One of our most interesting summer 
re.sidents is this little specimen of 
l)ird life. It arrives here about the 
twenty-lifth of March. From the top 
of some tall tree we are lirst nuuhi 
aware of his presence, by the shrill, 
wiry notes whicli he is accustomed to 
utter during the live-long da}', as he 
Hits in and out among the branches in 
tireless pursuit of insects. Not a crack 
or crevice of the tree escapes his keen 
.scrutiny. At such times he seems to be 
all hurry and bustle, lus though the 
work of a life tinu! nuist be crowded 
into a few short days. 

As the warm days advance his whole 
nature seems to uiulergo a change. We 
no longer hear those shrill notes, but 



are regaled with the sweetest, tenderest 
music. This is so low, that to apprec- 
iate its effect, the listener must be but 
a short distant from the tree in which 
our modest vocalist is busily engaged. 
He like manj' of his kin dislike notor- 
iety. He does not seek the i)are 
branches of some tall tree, and thrill 
the air of the surrounding Avood with 
ear-splitlinguttex'ances, but as he pours 
forth his subdued song wiiile hid away 
in the leafy shelter of some gnarled oak 
the severest critic could scarcely fail to 
assign him a high place among the 
feathered choir. 

The selection of a home-spot soon 
claims their attention. In the river 
bottom, the sweet gum seems to be the 
kind of tree nearly always chosen, while 
here on the mountains thej"^ usually 
build in the white oaks. They prefer 
trees whose branches are rough and 
lichen clad, although I have known f)f 
one nest being taken from the top of a 
small pine sapling about twelve feet 
high. The height at which these nests 
are placed varies with the locality. In 
some places they are seldom found 
above ten feet, but in the majority of 
cases, this limit is exceeded and the 
height of 50 and even 60 feet are reach- 
ed. There is little variation in the form 
noticeable, their shape being generally 
that of a truncated cone. The position 
too is quite uniform. Most of them are 
placed on strong branches, both up- 
right and horizontal, to which they ai"e 
ingeniously woven. The^'^ are so 
securely fastened that to dislodge one 
is a matter of no small difficulty. By a 
wise provision of instinct their contents 
are insured against accident. Not so 
much by the depth of llie cavity, as by 
the purse like contraction of the rim. 
Few structures of bird architecture are 
are more beautiful than the home of 
this little Gnatcatcher. Its walls are of 
felt, closely and compactly woven of 
the slender stems of grasses, thistle- 
down, spider webs and line vegetable 

fibei-s. With a love for the beautiful, 
our little architect must go further an(^ 
invest the exterior in a coat of bluish 
gray lichens wiiicii serves the iwo-fold 
puri)ose of ornamentation and protec- 
tion both from the weather and dis- 
coverj'. The nest looks so much like i^ 
natural exrre.'^euce that only the ex- 
perienced eye can detect the diflerence. 
The nest seems rather bulky compared 
with the tiny builders, who measure^ 
but four and tiuee-tcnths inches in 

Having completed their home, from- 
four to six eggs are deposited in as. 
many daj's. Incubation begins at once 
and lasts fourteen daj's. This is as. 
much the work of one sex as the other. 
But a single brood is raised each year. 
The eggs are oval in form and slightiy 
pointed. In ground color they are. 
white, spotted and blotched with red- 
dish brown, slate and lilac. Cabiuet. 
specimens some times show a faint 
bluish or greenish white tint. The 
average dimensions ai'e .59 by .48 inches.. 
My husband found a nest in a sweet 
gum, which was not quite completed.. 
He watched them for some time, as they 
worked away at their little home. He 
went bai'k in two weeks to get it, but 
found it gone. The question now 
arises — did they remove it to safer quar- 
ters? for not a vestige of it was left. 
If it had been destroyed bj' other birds, 
some of the tibei's with which it was. 
securely fastened to the limb would, 
surely have been left, but not even a. 
spiders web remained. 

Mrs. Lillik Pleas, 

Clinton, Ark. 

Shall we Organize ! 

This is the one great problem which, 
agitates the mind of the student of sci- 
ence to-day. 

We all feel that organization is neces- 
sary, and, once it is accomplished the. 
difficulties of scientitic research w\\\ 



gi'adually melt away as the dew befuro 
the morning snn. 

I would suggest that the Oologists 
and Ornithologists of each state unite 
and form an association for the edifica- 
tion of professionals and amateurs. 

Local organizations should also be 

Each association should own a muse- 
um and library. 

By this means we would become bet- 
ter acquainted with the scientific re- 
sources of our several states and 
localities as well as with each other. 

The benefit to be derived from such 
an organization cannot be appreciated. 
Yet I sincerely hope that before the 
sun of anotlier summer; Ave may be 
united and working for the advance- 
ment of Oology Ornithology, the most 
pleasant of scientilic studies. 

R. — Michigan. 

I was rather surprised at the contents 
of the article oy Mr. Brotherton, in llie 
last issue of the Oologist, on a gener- 
al association scientists. I was not 
aware l)efore that they made themselves 
so liable to the law. 

I dei)recate cruelty an<l wastp vei'y 
mucli, but I think such persons as devo- 
tees and students of science, should l)e 
protected, and agree with him, in advo- 
cating a general association of scientists 

I am a disciple of the doctrine of 
protection from cruelty, &c. The fol- 
lowing examples will help to illustrate 
The Great Auk is thought to be extinct, 
the Eider Duck has greatly diniinislied 
in numljers. The liuffalo lias almost 
gone, the Whale has, and the Seal is 
suffering (fee., and all owing to tiie right 
and left slaying (jf man; but as 1 said, I 
unite with Mr. Hrolli»;rton in a call for 
protection to, and aid in tbeir pursuits, 
to followers of science by association. 

"In union there is .strength." 

VVm., M. I). 

Philadelphia, i'a. 

Ill the valuable article by Mr. L. O. 
Dart in October Oologist, the last 
three lines should "f>ut what we might 
gain etc," read instead of ' «oi &c." 

Nighthawks and Whip-poor-wills. 

I had thought until this year that 
Niglithawks and Whip-poor-wills liad 
also left us, not to I'eturn again, for 
years had passe<l since I had seen them. 
But this year the Whip-poor-will has 
reappeared in eastern Oakland Co., 
Mich., few to be sure. During a I'ecent 
trip through southern Lapeer Co. I 
found both Nighthawksand Whip-poor- 
wills fairly abundant. 

WiLFUEU A. Bkotiieuton. 

Bird Nesting in November- 

Noveml)er 7, 1891. 

Wliile out huiiliug squirrel to-day, 1 
had an occasion to pass through a low 
swampy tract of ground, overgrown 
with willow and thorn-apple trees. 

Near the center stood an extra large 
thorn-apple tree, Avhich was conspicu- 
ous and in passing by, I noticed a nest 
of the Cuckoo, my curiosity lead me to 
examine it, and I was somewhat sur- 
prised to tind that it contained two eggs 
of the Cuckoo (Yellow-billed without a 

The uest was well preserved, and 
made of twigs, leaves and a little mud. 
The eggs had not been incubated nei- 
ther were they rotten. The contents 
seemed to have evaporated about i, tha 
remainder being of the consistency of 
the yolk of an egg. 


Wliat couid |)r()b;ibly have been the 
reason lor the birils <lei>erling this neslV 

Crows and Jays arc abundant, but 
dill not molest it. 

Has anyone a reconi of a ."jimilar oc- 
currance f 

Dk. a. <;. i'lcii-L. 




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our subscribers will send in their sub- 
scriptions for '92 including all arrear- 
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debtedness to us is fifty cents less than 
the above amounts. The figures are 
according to our books Dec. 1, 1891 
and renewals sent since that date have 
been credited on our books, but not on 
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We have decided that in the future 
that any person using the columns of the 
Oologist either for exchange or adver- 
tising purposes or as a writer of articles 
appearing on its pages who, if we are 
satisfied, has in a single instance 
purposely defrauded or cheated any of 
our patrons to black-list said collectov 
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and to forever debar his name from ap- 
pearing in columns of the Oologist 
among those of honest dealers and col- 
lectors. We shall also print a "black- 
list" in the Oologist of what we have 
■positive proof ^YQ the greatest rogues 
and to head this role of dishonor we 
must warn our patrons to have nothing 
to do with one Wm. Purdy, alias Nor- 
man King, alias Chas. Norman of Aly- 
mer West, Ontario, Canada. 

We. are also looking up the cases of 
several other parties -three in Iowa, 
one in Maine, one in North Carolina, 
and others and regret that we may be 
obliged to publish a few of them at 
least, in Jan. Oologist, 

A Further Contribution to the Chewink 

The Chewink is not very rare in this 
locality, and has been observed by me 
abundantly in the first and second 
weeks in May. They then frequent 
high dry woods where shrubbery is 
plenty. The Chewink is very shy and 
only a very close o!)server can trace 
them. I was out in the country yester- 
day, and to my astonishment received 
from a farmer's boy three eggs of the 



Chewiuk, which he liad taken for me 
on or about the 1st of August. He took 
toe to the spot where he had found the 
nest. It was built about one foot from 
the ground in thickly leafed but very 
thin twiggeil beech shrubs. The nest was 
similar to that of the Wilson's LMirush 
i-ousisting outside of leaves and inside 
of hair, which were perhaps taken from 
a pasture close by. This shows I think, 
beyond any doubt that they breed un- 
der favorable circumstances, twice a 
year. O. Reinrcke. 

Sept. 14, '91. Buffalo, N. Y. 

One Day's Tramp. 

Well everything is ready so will go to 
bed. Lets see, set my clock at twenty 
minutes of four. Wake up at 3:10 and 
get up to see what time it is. Can't go 
to sleep again, so dress. Raining of 
course. Don't care, I will go anyway. So 
get my breakfast and start. Have pret- 
ty good load: Gun, lunch, egg-box, 
rope and hatchet to get those King- 
fishers eggs and climbei-s to get Great 
Blue Heron eggs. Get down there 
about 7 a. ra.j and go to work at King- 
fishers hole. Work about half hour in 
tnud and give it up as a bad job. Go on 
can't find those Herons nests to save 
me Meet an old hunter who lives in a 
cabin on the bottoms, and \ve have 
quite a talk about our friends, the birds. 
Shows me bank of petrified moss, the 
first I'd ever seen, :ind a spring in high 
bank called Coffin Spring. An opening 
\n bank about one and one-half foot 
long by two and one-half foot wide that 
extends back about eight feet and con- 
tains some of the finest water in the 
country. He says tliat the wafer never 
freezes in winter, and all the i)irds that 
Stay come and drink there. He's shot 
fine specimens for the naturalists in 
town. Have to go there myself next 
winter. I ask him ab«tut the herony 
and he says he will walk over there with 
mu. So we start through the woods 

the water up to our knees in some 
places, and pretty soon came to .some 
njonster cottonwoods in which we see 
some large nests about size (jf bushel 
basket I shoot up and up Hies about a 
dozen Herons and sail niiijestically 
around and soon alight again. But we 
see th:it the nests have other tenants 
than the old birds forout of every bless- 
ed nest comes two or three thin necks. 
Then all at once we are aware of some 
disturbance, a pair of turkey buzzards 
swoop down and try to carry off the 
fledglings, but the old Herons make a 
good fight, and soon put the buzzards 
to flight. Find several nests of Che- 
winks and Warblers, but got no Herons 
eggs. So after an hours pleasant tramp 
with my newly made friend, I leave 
him, and turn my steps toward home. 
It has stopperl raining now and I see 
a great many Warblers, Vireo, Gros- 
beaks and one Bittern, a pair of Cardi- 
nals whose nest I try to find, but fail, 
Mudhens, snipe, crows and as I near 
the city large n umbel's of English Spar- 
rows around tiie factories. In all I 
think I have covered about twenty 
miles and am pretty tired when I get 
home at 3:30 p. m., and although I have 
not had a very profitable day, it lias 
px'oved a very pleasant one. 


Omaha, Neb. 

The Nest of the Chestnut-sided Warbler. 

While out collecting on June 1891 I 
entered a small piece of land thickly 
covered with small bushes. Out of 
these I started a small bird which I rec- 
ogniz«!d as the ('hestnut -sided Warbler. 
I (jiiickly looked in the imsh, and found 
a little nest composeil of, fibres, 
antl bark, and lined with feathers, and 
hair. The eggs were four in nmnber, 
averaging .69 x .50, and of a cream j" 
white color, s])otted with lilac, brown, 
and unib«a" chiefly at the larger end. 
The next was situated about two feet 



from the ground. This bird is not a 
very common Vjreeder here, according 
to my five years experience. It gener- 
ally arrives here in the first week in 
May, and departs early in September. 
It has a very pleasing lively song some 
thing like a whistle. Tiie Chestnut- 
sided Warbler can generallj' l)e found 
in open dry woods M-ith open spots in 
which bushes and small trees ca^i be 
found. The Cow-bird frequently uses 
the birds nests as a situation for its eggs. 
It is socially inclined, and is often seen 
in company with other Warblers. 
B. H. Swales, 
Detroit, Mich. 

The Gulls. 

Among the typical and familiar birds, 
we must not fail to remember the Gulls. 
Whether we consider their general dis- 
tribution, their numbers, their varie- 
ty, their great beauty or their useful- 
ness, as scavengers, from every 
point of view, they are important 
and interesting to the ornithologist. 
Seen ou the water, so light and 
buoyant from their excess of downy 
feathers, that they tUmt almost like 
a bunch of cotton, and with a foot 
most admirably adapted to swimming, 
we pi'onounce these ideals among swim- 
ming birds. Seen in the air, moving 
their wings with the steady ease and 
gracefulness of a Hawk or a raven, and 
sailing majestically' as a Buzzard or an 
Eagle, we are ready to accord them the 
higliest perfection in flight. The large 
strong bill, much compressed, with well 
rounded culmen bracing it above and 
gonys strengthening it beneath, would 
seem to be of general rather than spec- 
ial adaptation. In accordance with 
this fact, we tind that its bill of fare is 
somewhat varied, almost anything to 
be found in and about the sea and bod- 
ies of water in general. 
The King-billed (jiu\l,Larus delawareii' 
sis, is a species not so well known in 

all respects is some others, and we will 
therefore give a brief account of it. 
The Common or Herring Gull, is so well, 
known, that it will serve as a good 
starting point, to say that delawarensis, 
is almost like it, except that it is notici- 
bly smaller,that is to a critical observer,, 
for one untrained in observation might 
scarcely note the difference, whereas,, 
the Common Gulls, Icarus argentatiis, is. 
two feet or more in length and some; 
four feet and a half in stretch of wings. 
The Ring-bill is some eighteen or twen- 
ty inches in length and about four feet, 
in extent. The latter has also very 
nearly the same distribution in Eastern 
North America as the former. When, 
we have the l)ird in hand, we notice a- 
strongly marked ditference between the 
two species in respect to the feet. The. 
bill of the argentatus is plain yellow- 
with a red mark on the gonys that of 
the delawarensis is greenish yellow at: 
the base, followed by a broad band of 
black encinding it at the gonys, while 
the tip is bright chrome. The feet of 
the former are a pale pink of flesh color- 
those of the latter a dusky green. In 
habits in general, I think the two spe- 
cies are quite similar, except that dele-^ 
warensis is more gregarious at itS; 
breeding places. 

In Georgian Bay, some forty-foui- 
miles northeast of CoUingwood, a little; 
north of the route from thence to Parry- 
Sound, are two groups of small islands 
called^the Western Islands. Only one. 
of them contains anything worthy to be- 
called forest. Some of them are scarcely 
more than rocky shoals. None of them 
contain more than a few acres of land^ 
Here breed the Common Gulls in con- 
siderable numbers, Wilson'sTern, some 
of the Ducks, and one of the islands the 
Ring-billed Gull in such abundance that, 
in June 18B1, when I visited the locality 
they could have been gathered by thft 
barrel. The nests were placed ou the; 
ground or ledges of rock and on grassy 
plots, and were constructed of mosse.^ 



and loose ilebiis iu general, well heaped 
tip and well depressed in the center. 
"Thtjjwere sometimes so close together 
that it must have been difficult for the 
bii'ds to iucubate without touching each 
other. The eggs commonly three, 2.07- 
2.50x1.63-1.70, are drab, generally, some- 
what olivaceous, variously specked, 
spotted and blotched with shades of 
dark brown ami grayish brown. Often 
the markings are very large and few iu 
number. There is much greater varie- 
ty in the color, marking and size of the 
•eggs than in those of the common Gull. 
The number of this species inhabiting 
this island was immense. At certain 
points along the shore, the water and 
the beach were Avhite with them; and 
when they rose, they spread out like 
•clouds overhead. 

J. II. Langille, 
Kensington, Md. 

P. S. — This article is the substance of 
^ discussion befoi'e the Ornithologists' 
Association at Washington, D. C. 

Oct, 6, 181)1. 

The Carolina Parrot, 
( Coiuirus carolinensis .) 

Having been for several j-ears engag- 
ed in the special study of the great 
family of Parrots I have naturally given 
^ great deal of attention to the one 
species which formerly inhabited the 
■greater portion of Eastern North Amer- 
ica or more ])roi)erly speaking that ])or- 
tion of the United States lying east of 
the Mississippi River and south of the 
"Great Lakes. 

This Parakeet was, during the time 
■<jf Audubon, found in num- 
bers iu all of the Southern States and 
as far north as Nortiieru New York, 
In a recent numl^er of the "Auk" (See 
Auk for October 1801) Mr. IIasl)n)ii(k 
has this to .say regarding tlie former 
rangeof this bird to the north; "Accord- 
ing to IJnrton, writing in 1700, a llock 

of Paroquets a])peared in January aljout 
twenty-live miles northwest of Albany, 
New York, causing great alarm among 
the simple Dutch folks w'ho looked up. 
on the advent of the birds as indicative 
of coming evil. Audubon also states 
(Birds of Am., Vol. IV, p- 309) that 
about 1807 they could be i)rocurred "as 
far northeast as Lake Ontai'io." This 
is presunuibly the most northern record 
for the species." 

On November 1, 1880 Mr. P. M. Chap- 
man read before a meeting of the Lia- 
nean Society of New York, a paper en- 
titled "Notes on the Carolina Paroquet 
in Florida." In this paper, compiled 
from personal observation, Mr. Chap- 
man writes as follows: "Fifteen years 
ago, Paroquets were more or less gen- 
erally distributed throughout Florida 
and and in many cases were e.Ktremely 
abundant, and even at more recent 
date wei'e not uncommon in numerous 
localities, but to-day th^' have entirely 
disappeared from the more settled por- 
tions of the state, and we may look for 
them only beyoiul the bounds of civili- 
zation, indeed in regions which are prac- 
tically uuinhabital)le. In what num- 
bers they still exist is impo.ssible for us 
to say." 

That they were once widely distri- 
buteil and that they ai'e now couliued 
to a limited area is an undisputed fact. 
On account of their great fondness for 
fruit and consequent destrnc-tiveness 
may be attrilMited their early disappear* 
ance from our midst as records show 
that immense nuujbers were killed by 
the farmers and fruit growers of the 
southern states. Their destruction was 
comparatively easy on account of their 
habit of slaying in the immediate vicin.* 
ity of a woundeil (-omrade till all were 
dcstnjyed. Then again immense num« 
l)ers have beciu kilhid l)y plume hunters 
in southern Floriila, so that one desir- 
ing to see this beautiful bird iu its 
haunts must now visit Florida "Evor- 
ghules." A ffW aif found in soiiihern 



Louisiana and Alabama and in the In- 
dian Territory. 

Among a collection of skins of Paro- 
quets, Lories, Macaws etc., in my cab- 
inet of which I am justly proud I find 
only one skin of this bird. It came 
from the vicinity of Lake Okeechobee 
and was collected in 1888. A descrip- 
tion of this skin may be interesting to 
some of my readers so I will here give 
it. The colors are very striking: body 
green; head j^ellow: face red; bill horn- 
color (white in life); feet same as bill; 
wings variegated with blue and yellow. 
The measurements taken at the time 
the bird was killed and which accom- 
pany the skin are as follows: length 13. 
00; extent 21.00; wing 7.25; tail 7.00 

Of late much has been written con- 
cerning the breeding habits of this 
Conure, but about all that seems to be 
known is that it nests in Florida among 
the almost inaccessible swamps of that 
region, in coloiftes of several pairs, and 
that it is not particular in regard to its 
mesting site but selects impartially hol- 
low trees and a knot on some large cy- 
pi-ess or live oak on which to place its 
apology for a nest. 

Coues in his "Key to N. A. Birds," 
saj's, *'eggs whitish, 1.40x 1.05, ellipti- 
cal shape, rough in texture. 

Let us hope it will be many j'ears be- 
fore this, the most hard^"^ of all paro- 
quets and the only species found inhab- 
iting the United States, will be exter- 
minated. Before closing this short es- 
say I would like to call your attention 
to W. T. Green's recent work on par- 
rots entitled "Parrots in Captivity." 
In this work, (Vol.. [I, p. 84.) you Avill 
find quite an interesting article on the 
Carolina Paroquet, Conurus earoUncn- 

Thad. Surber, 
White Sulphur Springs, W. Va. 
Nov. 10, 1891. 

Bartram's Sandpiper. 
( Bartramia longicauda. ) 

On June 19, 1890 a companion ancl 
myself were out after specimens on the 
prairie sun-ounding Boone, Iowa. My 
companion wanted a duck and after he 
had shot one we struck out in a north.. 
ev\y direction. We had poor success un.. 
til we had started to return home find- 
ing nothing but Black-birds and Mea, 
dow Lark's nests. 

We had just came out from a pond 
after searching for Rails' nests when 
suddenly a bird sprang up from under 
my feet and fluttered along the ground 
a short distance in front of us. My 
canijianion not being much of an Oolo- 
gist shot^ier immediately for as he told 
me afterwards "he hated to see her suf- 

I was not paying attention to him at 
the time being busy looking for the nest 
and I soon found it. 

It was placed in a slight uulined hol- 
low and contained four eggs badlj^ in- 
cubated. They were of a dirty buff 
color, thickly spotted near the large 
end with umber and yellowish brown. 
They average 1.83x1.26. 

This bird is a favorite game bird in 
Iowa, large numbers of them being 
killed annually for the table. 

Generally when they are feeding a 
solitary individual may be seen perch» 
ed upon a neighboring fence post, 
after the manner of a Meadow Lark, 
probably acting as a sentinel. 

A. Fak.mer. 

The Horned Grebe- 

[Podiccps cornritiis.) 

The Horned (irebe is an abundant 
resident in the marshes of the Detroit 
river, and St. Clair Flats. It breeds 
in considerable numbers below Fight' 
ing Island in the Detroit river. My 



tirst experience with tliis bird was dur- 
ing the past spring. In companj- with 
J. C. Wood I took several sets of this 
bird. The usual numl)er of eggs found 
was four, but one set of eight Avas taken 
These were very badly incubated. The 
nests are simply masses of decayed 
flags and weeds placed upon some Hats, 
and often floating. The eggs are al- 
ways covered .with a mass of decayed 
weeds e.xcept in one instance. The 
eggs measure aboul 1.65x1.15, l)ut vary 
a good deal in size. They are bluish 
white in color, but so coated and stain- 
ed by the decaying vegation that they 
look like dirty white. This however 
will wash off. The Grebes are said to 
incubate their eggs at night, and let the 
snn take their place during daytime. 
One thing is certain, that it is- very sel- 
dom one can catch a (irebe on her nest. 
They have a peculiar habit of sinking 
suddenly under water [without leaving 
hardly a ripple to indicate where they 
have gone. 

B. H. Swales, 
Detroit, Mich. 

World's Fair Notes. 

The native flora of each State and 
Territory will be shown at the Exposi- 
tion, under the direction (jf Chief 
Thorpe, who has enlisted the Lady 
Managers to undertake tlie collection 
of specimens. 

All Indian exhibits at the Woi'Id's 
Fair will be under the direction of the 
Government or of Chief Putnam, of the 
Deparment of Ethnology, 'i'lie ways 
and means Comittee has decided that 
it will consider no applications by j)ri- 
vate individuals for an Indian exhibit. 

Some rare old curios in the way of 
saddles and ancient harness will |)ro])- 
ably be seen at tlie World's Vu'iv. 'J'he 
National As.sociation of Saddlers has de- 
cided to i" .So'j.OOO for an exhibit i)f 
their trade at the Fair. This will be ex- 
pended, largely for ancient saddlery 
and harness which will be procured 
through special collectors. 

Aciualic fowls of all climes will prob- 
ably swim through the lagoons of Jack- 
son Park during the period of tlie Fair 
Land.scape Architects F. L. Olmsted & 
Co., recommend the purchase of a great 
variety of waterfowls. The list inchub's 
widgeons, sea gulls, swans, i)rown peli- 
cans, storks, sand-hill cranes, American 
wild geese, blue geese,, llani- 
ingoes, snowy egrets, and .scarlet iijis. 
'1 he purchase of at least ten of each 
species of the birds as enumerated was 

Prof. Dyche, of the Kansas University, 
one ()f the finest taxidermists in Ameri- 
ca, is prei)aring a notable exhibit con- 
sisting of ai)out 150 of the largt'st mam- 
mals in the United States, including 
huflfalo, elk, moose, antelope, deer, 
mountain sheep and goats, wild cats,_ 
wolves, bear, etc., etc- The tlitTerent 
species of each are represented anil al- 
most all of the animals have already 
been secured. 

The party which, under the direction 
of Chief Putnam of the de])artment of 
Ethnology, of tiie Exposition, has been 
ujaking excavations of the mounds in 
Ohio for three months or more, met 
with rare success on Novendjer 14lli near 
Chilicothe, in making one of the richest 
linds of the century in the way of pre- 
historic remains. While at work on a 
mound 500 feet long, 200 feet wide and 
28 feet high, the excavators found lu-ar 
the center of tlie mound, at a depth ol" 
14 feet, the ma.ssive skeleton of a man 
incased in cojjper armor. The head 
was covered by an oval-shaj)e coi)i)er 
caj); the jaws had co])per moldings: the 
arms were dressed in copper, while 
copper i)lates covered the chest and 
stomaih, and on each side of the head, 
on protruding sticks, were wooden ant- 
lers oniamcnti'd with coiipcr. The 
mouth was stulTcil with genuine pearls 
of immense size, but much decayed. 
Around the neck was a necklace of 
bears' teeth, set with pearls. At tlie 
side of this skeleton was a female skele- 
ton, the two being suppo.sed to l)e those 
of mall and wife. It is estimated that 
the bodies were buried fully (iOO years 
ago. The excavators believe they iiavo 
at last found the king of the mound 

This OoLOGisT was mailed to each 
.subscriber on Dec. 22d. 




Good until Feb. i, 1892, (should supply exhaust before that 
date will refund money). 


received on or before the above date, we will send by mail or ex- 
press — all charges prepaid. 

The OoLOGisT for 1892 - - - - 

Coupons for an Exchange Notice- 

" good for - - - 

"Davie's' Nests and Eggs of North American Birds 

And One Egg Of Each The Following: 

Noddy Tern, Bahamas 
Forster's Tern, Lake Michigan 
Franklin's Gull, Minn. 
Brown Pelican, Gulf of Mexico 
American Coot, St. Clair Flats 
Red-Shouldered Hawk - - 

Burrowing Owl, Nebraska 
American Magpie, Nevada 
Loggerhead Shrike - - _ 

Great Crested Flycatcher 
Rose-breasted Grosbeak 
Western Meadow Lark 

Red-headed Woodpecker _ _ _ 

Orchard Oriole . _ _ _ 

White-winged Dove 
Texan Thrasher 

Dwarf Cow-bird - - - 

Carolina Wren _ _ _ 

Barbary Partridge, Asia - - - 

Egg of "Shark," Atlantic 
" " Hammerhead or Leopard Shark, Pacific 







. 10 


. 10 







For 50 cents additional ($3.50 in all) we will send the copy of 
Davie's bound in extra cloth. To any person accepting this offer 
and enclosing $1.00 addittional, we will send a bound part of May- 
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$5.00. Earliest orders receive the most complete parts, or in fact 
fully one-half of his valuable $18.00 work. 



A New Edition of this favorite Manual of American 
Birds, in a new and beautiful shape, and with 
important additions, bringing the information 
down to date. 





Vol. I. 1}^%^^-^^^S^^: "^°^- ^^• 




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text. Iwo volumes. Crov^n 8vo, cloth, extra, gilt top, $8.00 ; half 
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top, $16.00. 

THE publishers believe that a new edition of Nnttall's famous work 
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exhaustive work