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-♦ ^ 


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ur Tn omci or m 




FKBRUABT lfi» 1861, ft MABCQ 1, 1862. 






: T -r I 

^\ A '- 



With the close of the year 1788, npon which in this Tolame we hare en- 
tered, will terminate the original limits assigned to the duties of the Editor by 
the act of 16th of Febmary, 1861 ; — bat inasmuch as the Colonial Records 
have been completed in 16 Tolnmes, extending the date to 1790, — ^the legis- 
lature, at their last session, introduced into the ** appropriation law"— the 
following section, authorixing the Secretary of the Commonwealth to oontinot 
the publication from 1788 to 1790 — thus rendering the period embraced in 
both works the same. 

Section 67. ** That the Secretary of ttie Commonwealth is hereby autho- 
rixed and required to continue the printing, publication and ^tribution of 
the PennsyWania AroblTes, firom the year one thousand seren hundred and 
eighty-three, to the year one thousand seren hundred and ninety, in con<- 
formity with the requirements of an act entitied « an act for proyiding for 
the publication of the Colonial Records and other original papers in the 
office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth ;" approTod the fifteenth day 
of February, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one, and the supple- 
ment thereto, except so far as issuing proposals for the publication of the 
same ; Provided^ That the cost for printing and publishing the same shall 
not exceed the price per Tolume contracted for the publication of the said 
ArehiTes under the abore recited act; and when so published, shall be 
diatributed in the same manner, and to the same persons, as proTided by the 
seTcral acts reUting to tiie distribution of said works." 

ApproTed Hay 9, 1854. 

An Act to prevent and stay Suits against 
Inhabitants op Wyoming during the timk^ 
therein mentioned, 1783. 

Sect. I Whereas Commissionerfl, duly anthorised and appointed 
agreeable to the ninth Article of the Confederation of the United 
States, to hear and determine the Controversy between the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania and the State of Connecticut, have adjudged 
and decreed, <^ That the Jurisdiction and Pre-emption of all the 
<< Territory, lying within the Charter Boundary of Bcnmylvania^ 
'' and claimed by the State of Connecticut, do of Right belong to 
'* the State of Pennsylvania^* 

Sect. II. And Whereas this House, taking into Consideration the 
Situation of the present Settlers under the late Claim of the State 
of Connecticut, at that Part of Wyoming eastward and northward of 
Nescopeck Falls, on the East Branch of Susquehanna, have agreed 
to send Commissioners to make Enquiry into the Cases of the said 
Settlers, and to encourage as much as possible reasonable and 
friendly Compromises between the Parties claiming, and therefore it 
is highly improper that any Proceedings at Law should be had for 
the lieoovery of any Lands or Tenements during the said Enquiry. 

Sect. IIL Be it there/ore enacted, and it is hereby enacted by the 
Representatives 0/ the Freemen of the Commonwealth c)/" Pennsylvania, 
in General Assembly met, and by tAe Authority o/same,ThtLt every 
Writ and Process whatever granted or issued, or which may hereafter 
be granted or issued, for any Owner or Owners, Claimant or Claim- 
ants, against any Person being now an Inhabitant on said Lands at 
Wyoming, in order to ' dispossess any of the said Inhabitants or 
Settlers of the Lands or Tenements in his, her or their Occupancy, 
shall be, and the same are hereby declared to be stayed ; and on 
Motion, all further Proceedings thereon shall be quashed by the 
Court to which such Writ shall be returnable, until the Report of 
the said Commissioners shall be laid before this House, and Order 
shall be taken thereupon. 

Sect. IV. And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, 
That this Act shall be and continue in Force until the End of the 
next Sitting of General Assembly, and no longer. 
Signed, by Order of the House, 

Frederick A. Muhlenberg, Speaker 

Enacted into a law, at Philadelphia, on Thursday, the Thirteen 
Day of March, in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hun- 
dred Eighty and Three. 


Clerk of the General Assembly. 
Indorsed— VLm\i 18, 1783. 



John Nicholson to Council, 1783. 

Compt. Generals Office, Philada. March 15th, 1783. 

i beff leave to reqnest That an order bo drawn ujpon the Treasurer 
in my favor for five hundred pound state money for paying depre- 
ciation Certificates agreeable to act of Assembly, the money reo'd. 
upon last order is entirely Expended. 

• I am Sir, with very Great Bespect, 

your Ezoellenoy's most Obed. Humble Servant 

(public Service.) 
Directedf To His Ezcelly. John Dickinson Esq., Preadent. 
Compt Gen. Office. 

Rbtubk or Dbticenoys of CLOATHnras &c., BELOKaiKa 

TO THE Hbssian Troops, 1788. 
Betum of Defficencys of Cloathing. &c, Necessary's Missing by 
Being Detained in Chester County, belonging to the Hessian 

Lancaster, March 15th, 1783. 

Fensllva- Currency. 






SSrLarge Kegitnental Blankets belonging 

to Prince Heredittry BcgitDent @ pr. 

Blanket • . 





9 BhtrteoftheysfferB,@pT. Shirt 




1 Pair StooliDg, @. / , 



7 Pack^ from Europe ooutainipg. 

7 Doaen mettle Buttons @ pr, Do«. 




1 Piece of Nan Kin^ @ 



6 Shirts @pr. Shirt 




6} Yard Fustian @ pr yard- 





6 Yard DrilliDg @ do . 



8} YardblewCloath @ do , 





6 Yard red Shtllong @ do 






6 Silck Hanckerchiffts @ pr, Hande- 





1 Cap @ , , 




6 Yard Lanea @ pr. yard . 









Lewis Flaehshaar^ Pay Quart. Mr. 
Major of Re^. de Bose. 
Wm. Armstrong Capt 61th & D. Q. M. Gen. 


Deficiencies in the British and Germah Cloathino. 

Total Amonnt of Deficienoies in the British & Qerman Cloathing, 
with all Extraordinary Charges incurred hy the Stopping of it ia 
Chester County. 

Philadelphia, 19th March, 1783. 

Amount of Deficiencies in ye British Cloathing, &c., 
as ^ Betarn, .... 

Ditto, Hessian Cloatbing, do., 

Ditto, Anspach Ditto, do., 

Extra Charges paid for Waggons when prevented 

receiving the Oloathing, . 
Ezpcnccs of French Guards (^ Wilmington to Phila- 
delphia & Lancaster, 

Ditto for four Expresses from do. to do., 
Capt. Armstrong's Ezpences from 1st Jan., the day ^ 
the Cloathing was stopped, to 11th March, the I 
day he received what was not embescled, J 
Qr. Mr. Titt, his assistant, from ditto to ditto, 
Qr. Mr. Flaclcarsha of the Hessians, from do. to do., 
Qr. Mr. Daig of the Anspacbs from do. to do.. 
Exchange at £6 f) Cent on £515, 10, which Capt. ^ 
Armstrong was obliged to draw for on New York V 
to pay the above Expences, . ) 









1 5 

17; 9 

17 6 


18 7 


Amount of Cap. Armstrong's Charges. 

Charges given into Capt? Armstrong by Wm. Davis' 

& Wm. Sharpley, Conductors of Waggons, for 1 

they, with Twenty-three Waggons were detained [ 

by the Seizors, . . . . j 






1' 2 

Errors Excepted. WM. ARMSTRONG, 

Cap. 64th H. D., Q. M. Gen. 

Pres. to Delegates of Congress, 1783. 

March 19, 1T88. 

The Council having ohservcd that by the fourth of the provisional 
articles agreed upon by the Commissioners of the United States and 
of his Britannic Majesty, it is declared *' that Creditors on either 
side shall meet with no lawful Impediment to the Rccoverv of the 
full Value in Sterling Money, of all bona fide debts heretofore con- 
tracted,'' are unanimously of opinion that these Expressions have an 
Extent & force, that unless properly regulated, may be attended bj 
Consequences inconsistent with Justice, Humanity or Equity. 

There may be no particular Hardship in oalling npoo British 


Debtors for payment^ that KiDgdom not having been the seat of 
War. The Case is totally different with Respect to Citizens of these 
states who are Debtors. It is needless to repeat to Gentlemen of 
yonr Information the various and severe Calamities with which this 
Country has 'been overwhelmed in the Course of the unprovoked 
War. Ton are sensible not only how general and grievous these 
afflictions have been, but that the Effects must continue in very ooa« 
siderable operation for some time. 

We therefore desire that You will use your best Exertions in 
Congress to have Instructions immediately sent to our Commissioners, 
requiring them to take Care that in the definitive Treaty of Peaee, 
or by some Convention with Great Britain, citizens of the United 
States may be allowed a reasonable Time for the payment of their 
Debts to British Creditors. 
I am^ Gentlemen, 

Your very humble servt., 


The Delegates of Pennsylvania, in Congress. 

Resolution op Assembly. Boundary Line, 1783. 

State of Pennsylvania, In General Assembly, 

Saturday, March 22, 1783, A. M. 

The Report of the Committee on the Message from the Sapreme 
Executive Council, relative to the line run between this Common- 
wealth and the State of Virginia, read March 5, was read the second 
time, and adopted, as follows, (viz,) 

Your committee who were directed to confer with the Supreme 
Executive Council on the report of the Commissioners for lonning 
the line between this State and that of Virginia, having performed 
that duty, beg leave to report. 

That taking into oonsideration the resolve of this House, dated 
March 2, 1782, It appears to have been the opinion of the General 
Assembly of this State that a temporary line, which might be run 
at a moderate expence, would answer the present purposes, and serve 
as a boundary to the end of the War, or until the States might be 
in more tranquillity, and better able to encounter the expence that 
would attend the final settlement thereof. And we find that the 
General Assembly of the State of Virginia, by their resolve, dated 
the first day of June last, have agreed thereto. 

We also find that in pursuance of said resolves, and in conjunction 
with tho State of Virginia, Council have caused the said line to be 
run and marked agreeably to the plan laid before the House* 

Resolved, that this House do approve the said report, and con- 
firm the said line run by Messieurs Nevil and McCIean, as the 
boundary line between this State and that of Virginia, until the 
final settlement thereof be obtained. 

That the Supreme Executive Council of this State oommunicata 


the reflolntioD of thiB House to the Legislature of Yirginia^ as soon 
as conveniently may be, and in the mean time issue their proclama- 
tion signifying the same ; and requiring the inhabitants included 
within said boundary to pay due obedience unto the Laws of this 
State. Extract from the Minutes. 


Clerk of the General Assembly. 

1788, March 22d. Resolution of the General Assembly ; their 
approbation of the line lately run between this State and Virginia. 

Read in Council the 2v>th, and Proclamation issued for quieting 
the minds af the Inhabitants.''' 

Report of a Committee of Assembly, 1783. 

Your Committee appointed on the Message of the Supreme ex- 
ecutive Council, with the report of the proceedings of the Comp- 
troller Genera], concerning the settlement of the Accounts of 
Timothy Matlack, Esq', Secretary to said Council, Beg leave to 
report That they have taken into consideration the proceedings of 
the Comptroller General, by which it appears the said Secretary has 
charged the State with a very considerable sum, and which the said 
Comptroller declares is altogether inadmissable and prays to be in- 
structed by the Honorable the Council or Assembly, it is therefore 
the opinion of your Committee that the most eligable mode of bring- 
ing this business to a final settlement, is for the Comptroller Gene- 
ral to prosecute the said Timothy Matlack, Esq', in the Supreme 
Court, in Order to try the contested points by a Jury^ & therefore 
recommend the following resolution : 

Resolved, that the Comptroller General of this State proceed to 
the tryal of the contested points, in the Accounts of Timothj 
Matlack, Esq', Secretary to the Supreme executive Council, by a 
Jury in the Supreme Court, and that he be hereby authorized to 
employ Counsel for that purpose. 

Read 1 time. Mar. 22, 1783, and on motion, and by special order 
read 2 times, and adopted. f 

Sec'y of Foreign affairs to Pres. Dickinson, 1788. 

(Circular) Office for foreign affairs, Philadelphia, 

24lh March, 1783. 

I have the honor to enclose an abstract of the preliminary Arti- 
cles for a general peace, Signed the 20th of January, 1783. Tbej 
were brought by a vessel that arrived last night from Cadiz^ dis- 
patched by^Couut d' Estaing to recall the oruizers and privateers of 

♦ See Col. Rec, Vol. XIII., p. 540. 
. t 8«e Gol. Bee., Vol. XLIL, p. 688, 640. John Armstrong Jr., waa ap- 
pointed Secy., March 26. 


his most Christian Majesty and his Sahjeots. Tho' not official, they 
leave no room to doabt this happy event on which I sincerely con- 
gratulate Yonr Excellency. When the wisdom of the United 
States shall have re-established their credit & strengthened their bond 
of UnioD, which will doubtless be the first work of peace, we shall 
have every reason to hope that this will be a happy & a flourishing 

I have the honor to be, Sir, With great respect, 

Yonr Excellency's Most obedient & most hnmble servant, 

Directed, His Excellencyi President Dickinson. 

Pkeliminaribs of Peace, 1783. 

Philadelphia, March 24th, 1783. 
His Most Christian Majesty's Cutter the Triumph, commanded by 

the Chevalier DDQUESNE, arrived this Morning, in 36 days 

from Cadiz. By her we have the following very agreeable and 

important Intelligence. 
The Principal Articles of the Preliminaries of the Peace of the 20th 
of January, 1783. 

France to retain Tobago and Senegal. 

France to restore to Great Britain Grenada, St. VincentSi Domi- 
nique and St. Christophers. 

St. Eustatia, Demerarai Berbice^ and Isseqnibo shall be restored 
to the Dutch. 

Great Britain to restore to France, Goree, St. Lncia, St. Pierre, 
and Miquelon. 

The fishery of France and England on the coast of Newfoundland 
to remain on the same footing on which they were left by the treaty 
of 17 03, except that part of the coast from Cape Bonavista to Cape 
St. John's, which shall belong to the English. 

France to be re-established in the East Indies, as well in Bengal 
as on the east and west coast of the Peninsula, as regulated by the 
treaty of 1763. 

The articles of the preceding treaties, concerning the demolition 
of Dunkirk, to be suppressed. 

Spain to retain Minorca and west Florida. 

Great Britain cedes East Florida to Spain. 

An agreement is to be entered into between Spain and Great 
Britain, about the cutting of wood in the bay of Honduras. 

Great Britain to retain the Dutch settlement of Negapatam in the 
East Indies. 

Great Britain to restore Trinqcmalc to the^Dutch, if not re-taken. 

St. Eustatia, Demararaand lii'equibo, to be^restored by the French 
to the united provinces. 

Great Britain acknowledges the sovereignty and independence of 
the thirteen united states of America. 

The limits of the united states to be as agreed upon in the proyis- 
ional articles between them and Great Britain, ezocpt that they ahall 


not extend farther down the river Mississippi than the 82d degree 
of north latitude, from whence a line is to be drawn to the head of 
the river St. Mary, and along the middle of that river to its month. 
Copy of the heads of the preliminaries of peace, signed the 20th of 

Jannary, and transmitted by express on the 22d by the marqnis 

de Caffries. ('Signed,) 

Cadiz, February 11, 1783. ESTAING. 

We Caesar Anne de la Luxerne, Chevalier of the Order of St. John 
of Jerusalem, Marechal des Camps and Armies of (he King, Minister 
Pleoipotentiary of His Most Christain Majesty to the United States 
of North America, &c. 

Make known to ail those whom it may concern, that the Chevalier 
Duquesne, lieutenant commanding bis Majesty's cutter the Triumph, 
who arrived this day at this port, has communicated to us Orders, in 
form of a Passport, which he received from Count d'Estaing, Vice- 
Admiral of France ; of which the following is a Copy. 


France, Lieu tenant-General of his Majesty's Forces, Knight of his 

Orders, &c. 

It is ordered, that monsieur the chevalier Duquesne, lieutenant 
commanding his majesty's cutter, Triumph, do sail as soon as possible 
from the bay of Cadiz, and inform all vessels that he may meet of 
the happy re-union of the belligerent powers. It is ordered, in the 
name of bis majesty, and by me, to all ships of the line, frigates, and 
other vessels belonging to his majesty, that he may meet, that they 
abstain from all hostilities against the ships of war and merchant 
vessels of his Britannic majesty, but, on the contrary, that they 
give them all necessary aid and succour, and every testimony of a 
union re-established under the most happy auspices, by the prelimi« 
naries which were signed the 20th of this month, of Jan. in the 
present year, it is ordered also, in his majesty's name, that all vessels 
armed for war and on a cruise, do return into port. After having 
given them a copy of this order, he shall take their names, likewise 
the date of the day that he shall have furnished it, and shall notify 
to them that they shall answer personally for every deed which thej 
may commit contrary thereto. 

Monsieur the chevalier Duquesne, in virtue of the present order, 
which serves him for a passpor^ shall carry a flag of truce, he shall 
particularly cruize in those latitudes where he presumes he may 
meet the greatest number of French privateers, and shall endcavoor 
to overtake them. If the events of the sea shall conduct him to any 
of the French colonies, or upon the coasts of the united states of 
America, he shall communicate the present orders, to the governor 
of the place, and to the armed vessels of the different nations that 
may be then there, he will likewise shew the present passport to all 
vessels of war belonging to his Britannic majesty with whom be 
shall speak, and give them a copy signed by him, if they shonld 
desire it. He shall likewise pay them every rospcot, which the first 


moments of a re-union demands ; the objecl of his mission, (for the 
good of humanity, and as much as is in my power) being to hasten 
its happy effects. 

Cadis, the 10th Febmary, 1783. 

Signed, lyESTAINd. 

By Order, MARTtN." ' 

And desiring to give all necessary Authenticity and Notoriety to 
these orders. We certify by these Presents, that the above is a true 
Copy. - 

We likewise certify^ that M. le Chevalier DuQuesne has informed 
us, that M. le Comte d'Estaing directed him to desire all vessels that 
he should find ready to sail in the different ports where he should have 
occasion to go, to delay their departure from said ports, until the 
arrival of official accounts of the signing the Preliminaries, the news 
of which cannot fail to arrive soon on this continent. 

Given at Philadelphia, in our Hotel, this 24th of March, 1783. 

Capt. Wm. Armstrong to Pres. Dickinson, 1788. 

Inclosed I send you a List of the Waggoners' Names who were 
stopped in Chester County, when on their way with British Cloath« 
ing from Wilmington to Lancaster. 

As Sheriff Gardner says Four of the Waggons were not stopped 
along with the other thirty-four, he will now be able to ascertain 
their names ; But as it certainly was owing to the others being stopped 
that they did not proceed to Lancaster, I must expect that he will 
find them out, & see that they do proceed accordingly, where a receipt 
will be given for every article delivered, & the amount dedaetod 
from the return of Deficiencies that I gave in on the 19'^ Instant ; 
But as there is now a prospect that our Prisoners will soon be sent 
to New York, it will be necessary to Limit the time of Delivery to • 
short period. 

As I have Business of Consequence which obliges me to return ta 
I^ew York & prevents my being able to wait for the Completion of 
this Business, I am to request your Exoelleocy's Answer to mj 
requisitions of the 19^ Instant, in order that I may lay it before His 
Excellency S' Ouy Carleton. If th#nght necessary, I don't suppose 
there will be any Objections made to my returning here some time 
henoe to finish it. 

With the highest respect, I have the Honor to be 

your Ezoellenoy's Most Obed* Humble Serv', 

•Cap*64«'»&D.Q. M. Gen. 

Philadelphia, 25*^ March, 1783. 
The Honorable President Dickinson. 
« From a hand bill printed by David C. Claypoolo in Market street. 



Philadelphia, 2b^ March, 1783. 
List of the Waggoners' Names who did not arrive at Lancaster 
with the British Cloathing with which thej were loaded at WiU 
miDgton, from the Flag of Truce Ship Amazon, John Flojd^ Master. 

Thomas Tally, 
Phillip Jackson, 
Jasper Basson, 
Wm. MoClintock, 
Wm. Long, 
Isaac Johnson, 
Thos. Bird, 
Wm. Elliott, 
Jno. Frame, 
Geo. Waddle, 
Isaac Miller^ 
Thomas Cloud, 
Wm. Cloud, 
John Forward, 
Thos. Bird, 
Elisha Tally, 
George Davis, 
Joseph Loyd, 
John Booth, 

Elisha Baldwin, 

Wm. Sharpely, 

Wm. Tally, 

Wm. Reid, 

David Cochran, 

Jas. Adams, 

Andw. Gihson, 

Thos. Gibson, 

James Robertson, 

Joseph Boggs, 

John Price, 

Charles Springer, 

Solomon Price, 

John Miller, 

Maj*" Dan* Adams, drove by a Negro. 

John Crosby, 

Andw. Reed, 

Jeremiah Wilson, 

Adam Glendinniog. 

Total, 38— W- ARMSTRONG, Capt. 64»^ 

Sir Guy Carleton to R. R. Livingston, Esq., 1783. 


New York, March 26th, 1783. 

I have rec'd your letter of the 24th Inst, enclosing a resolution 
of Congress of y* same date taken in consequence of the arrival of 
the Cutter Triumphe, commanded by Lieut. Du Quesne, with orders 
of the 10th of Feb'y last, given at Cadiz, by Vice Admiral D'Ehtaing 
for him to put to sea & cruise on such stations as he shall juilge 
most likely to meet with ships of his nation, & inform them of the 
happy reconciliation of the belligerent powers, & to order all their 
ships of war to cease hostilities against ^flose of Great Britain, the 
preliminary articles of a general peace being signed the 20th of 
Jan'y, you thereupon are pleased to express your expectation that 
I would think the information thus conveyed ** sufficiently authentic 
'^ to justify my taking immediate measures to stop the further 
effubion of blood." 

For my own part I have hitherto abstained from all hostilities, & 
this conduct I mean to continue, so far as our own security would 
permit, but how great soever my desire is to put an entire stop to 
the calamities of war & whatever respect this information may 


doserTO, yet I do not find myself thereby justified in recommending 
measoreB which might give facility to the fleets & armiea menacing 
any part of the King's possessionsi to carry their hostilities into 

To adopt a measure of^this importance it is necessary I should 
receive orders from home, which I may reasonably expect every 
hour, as a cruizer sent out on other purposes is already arrived at 
Philadelphia, & I assure Sir, I only wait the official certainty of this 
great Event, to assume the language and the spirit too, of the most 
perfect conciliation & peace. 

I perceive Sir, by the resolution enclosed in your letter, that 
Congress has thought fit to consider this information as authentic & 
thereupon has taken one considerable Step towards carrying the 
terms of peace into immediate execution. Another not less important 
I presume has been taken, or is taking. With the cessation of 
hostilities I perceive, is connected in the 7th Article of the provi- 
sional treaty an engagement that ''All prisoners on both sides shall 
be set at liberty," of this event therefore I hope likewise speedily to 
receive the very necessary & welcome notice, as I shall find the 
highest satisfaction in seeing released on all sides, men, upon whom 
the evils & calamities of war, have more peculiarly fallen. 
I am Sir 

your most obt. & most hum. servant, 

Directed y 

Robert R. Idvingstosi Esqr. 

Capt. Thos. Robinson to Pres. Dickinson, 1783. 

Wyoming, 26th March, 1783. 

Your Excellencies Orders, and Instructions to me of the fourth 
Intlknt I Received on 13th But Such was the State of the Weathefi 
the Roads and the Freshes in the Creeks and Rivers as Rendred it 
Impracticable for me to noarch before the 19th and on the 23d I 
Arived here, with much oifficulty, (where I met Captain Philip 
Shrawder,) I Imediatly Took posession of the garrison with Every 
thing belonging thereunto. I Also met at the same place Capt. 
Peter Sumers, Late of the 4 Pennsa Regt., who had been sent here 
to Collect and Carry away the Remainder of the (Continantal) 
Military and other stores from this post. As I Had Carried no military 
stores to this post I therefore Judged it Improper to Let the garrison 
be Intirely destitute of Amunition, I therefore retained some part 
of the Military stores (for which I gave Captain Samers a Reoept,) 
and herein Inclose your Exoellenoie a Return of the same. 



Preyioas to my arrival here the Indians had Either Killed or 
Captured two men at some DiAtance from this place, I Have also 
received Aathantick Inteligence of one man being Captured in 
Buffalo and of parties being about That neighbournood, and Munoy. 
I also beg leave to assure your Excellencie that a strict Attention 
and Regard shall be paid to every part of your Instructions to ma. 

I am Sir with Every sentiment 

of Esteem & Bcspect >. 

your Excellencies 

most obedt. Humble servant. 

THOS. ROBINSON, Capt'n of P. Rangers. 

Return of Continantel Militia Stores Retained by Captain Thomas 
Robinson of the Pennsylvania Rangers^ For the use of the Gar- 
rison at Wyoming, 26 March, 1788. 












Rounds Shot, 
Do., • 

Orape, . 
Do., . . , 
Swivel Case, 
Round swivel, 
Swivel Case, 
Case . . . 

No. Rounds. 

. 21 


. 81 


. 24 

. 18 

. 40 


. 88 

. 7 



6 papers Tubes, 
8 pairs Drag Ropes, 
10 Sticks port fires, 
1 Dark Lantron, 
8 Spongesi 
4 SooopSy 
6 Worms, 
4 Oil Cloths, 


His Ezoellencie, John .Dickinson, Esquire, «Prendeni of Ae 
Supreame Executive Council of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 
Per Capt. Peter Snmers. 

8 lbs. Lead, 
2 lbs. powder, 
18 Bayonets, 
5 Old Shovels, 
1 Old Pine Cheat & Desk, 
a Quantity of Rotton Slow* 
match not fit for use. 


John Nicholsok to Pres. -Dicktnson, 1783. 

Comptr. Oenerars Office, 

Philada.. March 26tb, 1783. 

Permit me to request that an Order may be drawn upon the 
Treasurer in my favor for the sum of fifteen pounds specie for paying 
sundry Contingent expenses of this office for which sum I will 

I have the Honour to be, 

with respect your EzceU'y most obedt. servant, 


His Excellency, The President of Penna. 

John Nicholson to.Pbbs. Dickinson, 1788. 

Comptr. General's office, 

Philada., March 26th, 1783. 

I beg leave to request that an Order may be drawn in my favor 
for the further sum of .five hundred pounds state money for paying 
depreciation Certificates agreeable to directions of Assembly. The sum 
last rec'd is expended. 

I have the honor to be with respect 

your Excellency's most Obedt. 

very Humble servant, 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esqr., President of Penna. 

Answebs of Hon. Obo. Brtan, 1788. 

The answer of Oeorge Bryan, fourth Justice of the Supreme 
Oonrt of Pennsilvania, to certain questions proposed by his Excel- 
lency the prerident & the honorable the Council. March, 1788. 


Whether Commissions of oyer & terminer, as they have been 
usually iasued in4hb State since the revolution, in general; and 

« 8e« Col. Beo., Vol. XIU., p. 641. 


partioulnrly whether a Commission of oyer & terminer lately issued 
for Westmoreland & Washington CountieSi are agreeable to the Con- 
fltitation & laws of this State. 


The Aot of Assembly of 1722, for establishing Courts of Jas- 
iice, appoints, that the Justices of the Supreme Court, who then 
held at the pleasure of the governor, should be justices of oyer & 
terminer. This Law especially, if taken into consideration with the 
Act of 1718, for the advancement^ of Justice, doth not make the 
Judges the only Commissioners of Oyer & Terminer in capital cases. 
And if such construction might have been taken on the passing, 
yet long contrary usage & acting seems to have decided the point. 
The standing Judges at Westminster are not the only Commia- 
sioners of oyer & terminer in England, & even since the act of Wil- 
liam the Z*f by which independent Commissions & salaries were 
established for them, no suoh idea has been entertained. Nothing 
has passed in Pennsilvania, as I know of, at or since the Amerioan 
revolution to introdace any alteration upon this point. It may, 
perhaps be suggested, that this authority in the Council, may be 
abused, as it enables that board to select Judges in a particular case, 
to hear & try with design to prevent a fair & equal hearing. But 
such doings ought not to be presumed. They would bo too odious. 
I am of opinion, that there may be cases of atrocious offenoe in 
which such Commissions would not only be legal, but proper. Aa 
to the Commission issued lately to Westmoreland and Washington 
Counties, with Blanks in it for the names of the accused ; I should 
think it void for that circumstance. But the uncertain description 
of these persons leaves the matter without all doubt. Such a writing 
could give no authority whatever to the Commissioners. The whole 
proceedings under it must be null, in my opinion. 


Whether the modes directed by the Acts of Assembly for the 
appointment of the Justices of the peace by the Council, without 
Elections by the people^ are warranted by the Constitution. 


By the 80th section of the Constitution, if the freeholders of any 
district, incline to have a justice of the peace appointed in such 
district in a manner different from the mode therein directed, the 
Legislature may gratify them; but that the Assembly upon the 
neglect or refusal of the freeholders to choose, may authoriie the 
executive branch to appoint is not clear to me. Perhaps the Council 
upon suoh neglect might Commission Justices of the peace, till the 
proper Electors resume their rights under the general power givea 
m the 20 Section to supply all vacancies. However, this is not a 
case like that of vacancies in the places of Sheriffs & Coroners, offi- 
cers, essentially necessary to the oompleat organisation of justice & 


which Coancil must immmediately fill ; whereas the negleet of two 
or three distriota in a County ta ezerciBe their priviledge of eleoting 
Justices of the peace^ would not be attended with any great inoon^ 

Upon starting this question another idea has arisen. It has been 
asked whether the authority by the ninth Section given to the leg- 
islature, to incorporate Towns, Burroughs, Cities & Counties^ in- 
olndes, not that of oonstitutinff Mayors, Aldermen & Burgesses of a 
different appointment from the Constitution, with the powers ft 
jurisdiction of a justice of the peace? — I think not, unless the 
major number of the freeholders be desirous of it ; and this be pro* 
perly manifested to the Legislature. For such communities were at 
common Law long before the institution of Justice of the peace, 
who came in by statute. Many corporations of this kind sub^t in 
England, which have no such Magistracy in them, under their Char- 
ters. The City of Westminster* for instance, is governed by a high 
Steward & Burgesses, who nominate a bailliff, which acts as a Sher^ 
rif. The justices for the Liberty of Westminster, who are specially 
commissioned by the Crown, have the care of the peace, ft hold a 
quarterly sessions to hear and try offenders. Yet the Corporation 
of this City holds Courts of common pleas and a court similar to 
the Courts Leet, which determines upon nuisances ft other oflfences. 
" By Holt chief justice, tho' a man be a mayor, it doth not follow, 
'Uhat he is a justice of the peace; for that must be a special grant 
in the Charter.^' Raymond 1830. The Legislature may therefore 
erect Corporations of Towns, without thereby constituting Justices of 
the peace within such Communities, ft the Constitution upon both 
these heads is very consistent, especially, as the very mode of the 
SO Section may be established in such Towns. But if any variation 
be designed, it should seem, that the freeholders be called together, ft 
that they request it in a special manner pointing out the perman* 
ancy & manner of choice. 

If the authority to incorporate Cities, Towns ft Counties oould 
be supposed necessarily to include a right to give the jurisdiction 
of a Justice of the peace to a Mayor, Alderman or Burgess, the 
80th Section of the Constitution might be easily evaded, altogether 
by incorporating every County for certain purposes. Nay I the 
priviledge of eleoting the Sherriff by the freemen might be wrested 
out of their hands by a like artifice. For a Bailliff might be con- 
stituted to do the duties of the Sherriff within such County, Town 
or City. And the argument would be strengthened by this circum- 
stance, that Baylifis of Corporations are as early as the introduction 
of municipal governments borrowed from France ft Italy soon after 
the Conquest. The Communities of Cities were an assuagement to 
^e rigor of the feodal Government, whereby the inhabitants of Towns 
were protected ft supported in their independency of the neighbour- 

* See the case of New Samm Strange, 1164. 


ing Lords, & therefore sach priviledges were once of great conse- 
qaeoce to the traders and artmns. Hence they were eagerly soaght 
for in England. It is remarkable that the old burroughs are all 
within the Lands of royal demesne, & therefore it must be inferred 
that the King alone favoured these franchises. The great freeholders 
without doubt, were anxious to hold the people down under the 
servile condition of Villeinage ; a species of Slavery^ which yet ob- 
tains in Russia, Poland & divers other Countries. 

How far the authority of the Assembly, in constituting Magis- 
trates, with jurisdiction equal to Justices of the peace, has been ex- 
ercised constitutidnally in reviving the Charters of Chester and 
Lancaster, or in framing a municipal police for the Town of Carlilei 
I am not fully informed. But if the consent of the major part of 
the freeholders in these Burroughs, has not been expressed so as to 
justify the innovations made by giving power to the freemen an- 
nnally to choose justices of the peace; I can hardly think the Bur- 
gesses under these incorporating Acts, however, improved the man- 
ner of doing the business may be, possess any more jurisdiction 
than that of conservators of the peace. These Magistrates will do 
well to enquire into this. 

There was an Act of Assembly passed in 1777, authorising the. 
Council to appoint Judges of the City Court. As these magistrates 
exercise power to hear & determine concerning the peace the 
Council has heretofore carefully Commissioned Justices of the 
peace to sit there. 

But as to the Law of 31st August, 1778, whereby the Counoil 
was directed to appoint justices of the peace upon the neglect of the 
freeholders to elect, I do not think it will warrant the Council to 
proceed accordingly. The Acts of Assembly passed in 1777, 1 shall 
give like answer to. These last 1 always considered as tcmpyary. 
No unconstitutional use^ as I remember, was made of them. 

Northern Liberties^ 24th March, 1783. 


Answers op C. J. McKean, 1783. 

Queries proposed to Honourable the Judges of the Supreme Court 
and to which, Counoil request that they will be pleased to give 

1. Whether Commissions of Oyer and Terminer, as they have 
been usually issued in this State since the Revolution, in general, and 
particularly whether a Commission of Oyer and Terminer lately 
issued for Westmoreland and Washington Counties, and the pro- 
ceedings thereon, are agreeable to the Constitution and Laws of this 

♦ See CoL Reo., Vol. XIIT., p. 548. 


2. Whether the modes directed by Acts of Assembly for the 
appoiDtmeDt of Justices of the peace by the Coancil, without Eleo- 
tioDS of the Peoplci are warranted by the Constitation 7 
Council Chamber, 

Philadelphia, March 20th^ 1783. 

1. It rather appears to us, that Commissions of Oytr & Terminer _ 
as they have been usually issued in this State since the Revolution, 
if they are all conformable to the precedent shown to us are warranted 
by the Constitution and Laws of this State. These commissions are 
by the common law, and are not restrained by any Statute, Act of 
Assembly or the Constitution, and have the sanction of long and 
constant usage prior to the Revolution. But we humbly conceive, 
they should be granted with great caution, and only upon very 
urgent occasions, when the offences are of a very heinous nature and 
require immediate punishment ; and after they are executed, they, 
together with the proceedings thereon, ought to be returned into the 
Supreme Court. Special commissions, granted on the complaint of 
particular persons, are prohibited by divers statutes and void. . 

The commission lately issued for Westmoreland and Washington 
Counties and sent to us, in which the names of the persons to be 
tried were not inserted by the pouncil, but by another hand after 
it had passed the seal, &c., and after it arrived in those counties, and 
in which one of the offences is insufficiently described, is in our 
opinion bad. A Warrant for felony, signed and sealed by a Justice 
of the peace, having a blank for the names of the party to be arres- 
ted and afterwards filled up by another person, has been adjudged 
void in law. 

2. We are of Opinion, that no appointment of a Justice of the 
peace €ot any city or county can be valid, unless he has been pre- 
viously elected by a majority of the freeholders of some ward, town- 
ship or district, or unless this mode is desired by a majority of the 
freeholdere to be altered, before an Act of Assembly is made for the 



March 21'^ 1783. 

From Judges, March 28th, 1783. Answers of the Hon. Chief 
Justice Thos. M^'Kean & Qeorge Bryan, Esquires, to certain ques- 
tions put to tbem, upon the subject of Wra. Hank's trial & convic- 
tion, and the laws respecting Justices of tbe peace. 

Read in Council the 2bth of Maroh. Entered, (does not appear 
to be.) 

♦ See Col. Rec, Vol. XIIL, p. 543. 


Resolution op General Assembly, 1783. 

State of Pennsylvaniai In General Assembly. 

Thursday, March 11, 1783, A. M. 
The Petition of Divers Owners of Land within the bounds of the 
settlement at Wyoming claiming under Pennsylvania, read March 
8th was read the second Time. 
Whereupon Ordered, 

That the Gommissioners, appointed Feb'y 25th, to fulfill the 
Duties enjoined in the report of the Committee adopted Feb'y 20th| 
respecting the settlers at Wioming, attend at Wioming on that 
service on the fifteenth Day of April next. 

That the Surveyor General or a Deputy under him be Directed 
to attend the Gommissioncrs with the Accessary Papers on the Day 
above Mentioned. 
That the foregoing resolutions be Published in the News Papers. 
Extract from the Minutes, 

sigu'd PETER Z. LLOYD, 

Clerk of the General Assembly. 
A True Copy. 
Certified this 5th Day of April, 1783. 

Jno. Lukens, S. G.y 

Rear Admiral Digby to R. R. Livingston, 1783. 

New York, 27th March, 1783. 

I have received your letter enclosing me the resolve of Congress 
with a copy of a letter to his Excellency Sir Guy Carleton, but as I 
have as yet received no Official accounts from England, I must wait 
till you on your side relievo our Prisoners before I give that general 
relief to yours I so much wish. 

There can be no reason for detaining our prisoners one moment, 
as Congress must suppose the peace signed — I shall take every pre- 
caution in my power consistent with my duty to stop any further'' 
mischief upon the Seas, But should recommend the preventing any 
Vessels sailing as I have not yet received sufficient authority to ena- 
ble me to withdraw my Cruisers. 

I am, Sir, 

Your very Obedient 

Humble Servant. 

To Robert Livingston^ Esqr., &o. &c. 
Vol. X.— 2 


Lt. John Cummings to Pkbs. Dickinson, 1783. 

Hanna's Town, March 29th^ 1783. 

I had the hoDour of receiving your Exoellenoy's Instrnotions of 
the 11th of December last in pursuance of which I inclose a Return 
of the state of the Company for this Present Month. I have not 
had it in my Power to send any Earlier. I could wish to have had 
your Excellency's Instructions in what manner to have made these 
Reports, as I may perhaps he deficient in matter of form. That 
part of the Company which is now present were on furlow the 
Months of January and February last on account of the scarcity of 
Provisions, &o. The Savages had already began their cruel Incur- 
sions on the Frontiers ; last Week they killed two and took two 
prisoners about ten Miles from this Place near Brushy Run. I 
could not learn what number there was of the Enemy. I only hear 
of four that were discovered. They were so bold as to Endeavour 
to break open the House, but were bravely repulsed by one Man 
and one Woman who were within, but without any arms or weapons 
of Defence. One of the Indians attempted to push his Gun in at 
the Door, which those on the inside of the Room seized and broke, 
upon which the Indians left them. Tbe Inhabitants of the Fron- 
tiers seem more discouraged thb Spring than they have been, having 
flattered themselves with the most sanguine hopes of peace, which 
hopes they now think are Frustrated. 
I have the honor to be 

Your Excellency's most Obedient 
and very humble Servant, 

Lieut. Westmoreland Rangers. 

A Return of Captain Thomas Stokely's Company of Rangers for 
Westmoreland County for the Month of March, A. D., 1783. 

Captain on Parole. Lieutenant Present. Ensign Present. 

Present fit for Duty, - 15 

Prisoners of War, - 16 

Deserted, - - - II 

. Total, 41 

Lieut. WestmoreFd Rangers. 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esquire, President of the Supreme 
Executive Council; Pennsylvania 

]m:nnsvl\'axia aiiciiixks i:^.;. -j. 

(ait. rillLll' SlIUAWDER TO PrB8. DICKINSON, 1783. 

Wyoming, March 29, 1783. 

In Obedience to yonr Excellency's Orders I took Possession of 
this Fort the 2l8t inst. and Captn. Robinson arrived the 2Uh. 
From Captn. Summers who had been pent here by Mr. Ilodgden for 
the military stores belonging to the United States we received some 
necessary Ammunition for the Artillery at this Post hoping to meet 
with your Excellency's Approbation as the Ordnance otherwise 
would have been entirely U8clcss. Powder, Lead and Flints for 
Rifles and Muskets we stand very much in Need, neither is there 
any at Northumberland. The Conduct and Behaviour of the 
Inhabitants resembles that of a conquered Nation very much. They 
had several Meetings concerning their public affairs this Wcek^ 
Keeping the Result thereof a secret. Yesterday Morning they sent 
one Mr. Harvey to Connecticut to a Recording OflBce for Copies of 
the Names of the first settlers on Susquahannah and when they took 
Possession of the Land. Ry another Gentleman I was informed 
they had wrote to the state of Connecticut to bring on another Trial. 
Last Tuesday they held Court but adjourned again the same Day. 
As the Law of Pennsylvania is not established yet and that of 
Connecticut abolished, the Body of the People a Concourse from 
difl^erent states among whom there is a Number of the bad Kind, who 
by taking advantage of the Times, would be willing to defraud the 
better sort; I would therefore entreat your Excellency and the 
Ilon'ble Council for Instructions how to conduct in Case People 
come of their own accord or are brought before. I would further 
beg your Excellency's Orders, what to do when some of the Penn- 
sylvania Claimants should come up to plant a little summer Grain 
as those new acquired People say, they will not suffer the Penns'a 
Landholders to plant any Thing, neither will they permit some of 
those Connecticut Pennsylvaniaos to raise any Grain on the Ground, 
who had done so last vear under Connecticut Claim. Mr. Gore 
of this Place, who had been sent some time ago to the Assembly of 
the state of New York with a Petition for a Grant of Land thirty 
Miles Square at Aghquague on this Side of the Lake near the Head 
of the River Susquahannah, returned last Night and brought the 
News that the Petition of the Wyoming Settlers had been granted 
and that he was to go up & chuse the Place. 
I have the Honor to be 

with the greatest Respect 

your Excellency's Most obedient 

and most humble servant, 


His Excellency; John Dickinson^ President; Philadelphia. 


Cap. Shrawdbr to John Van Campen, 1788. 

Wyoming, 30 March, 1783. 
Dear Sir, 

At and since my arrival at this Place the Inhabitants are ex- 
ceeding reserved and to judge by appearances the generality of them 
does not like the Pennsylvanians to an Excess — last Monday they had 
a Town meeting to sound their Purses whether they can master as 
much as would pay for a Tryal, but not coming to a determination 
they adjourned till Wednesday for it seems some is for Pennsylvania 
& others not — on Tuesday they had Court, as far as I could hear 
nothing was done at that so they adjourned again for the Defendants 
will call their authority in Question, and the Court cannot support 
their authority by force. Mr. Justice from below the mountaia 
near Delaware (whom you know & I not) continues to issue warrants, 
or precepts, but Mr. Yarrington the Constable swears he'll not serve 
any more warrants, as the Justices can do nothing after a man is 
taken. On Monday Col. Butler arrived here, and the day following 
he and several of the principal Inhabitants was over the Kiver to 
Shaweney, but whether on private (as they wou'd fain make me 
believe) or on Public I cannot tell. On Thursday they had a Town 
meeting here, when they agreed according to Capt Spaldings Infor- 
mation to me, to send Mr. Harvey to a certain Place in Connecticut 
for a Copy of Records to see what time the first Settlers came here 
and who were they ; accordingly Mr. Harvey set off yesterday morn- 
ning. But by the way of another information I heard thev had 
wrote to the Governor and assembly of Connecticut about having 
another Tryal for the soil, if not for Jurisdiction ; for the People 
are divided, some for one some for the other, and some for both. 
They have also appointed a Committee last Thursday to confer with 
the Committee appointed by the House of Assembly. Cap* Spalding 
is one of those for Wyoming, he is the truest of any which I have 
seen yet, hie Interest doth not lay here at all, he claiming only a 
certain place near the Standing Stone, on which he formerly lived. 
Other Gentn. pretend ignorance of Court and Town Meetings to 
me, although I am very certain of the contrary & it is very likely 
they arc absent in Person but present by Proxv at those Meetings, 
for some particular reasons give me leave to tell you my opinion in 
the matter; notwithstanding the Assurances you have had, the Con- 
duct & deportment of the People indicates a great dissatisfaction for 
the State of Pennsylvania. Before I could be up, I had wrote a 
Letter to Col Dennison & Cap' Shott, setting forth the sentiments 
of both Branches of the Government concerning the dispute, but 
during the whole time of my presence here, I have not seen Mr. 
Dennison yet. Gap' Robinson who came up on Monday last and 
went off again on Tuesday last, informed me there was no Knap- 


sacks at all at North'- 1 herewith send you a Letter which I had 
wrote some time ago, hat for want of an Opportunity could not for- 
ward it^ inclosing both pay and muster Roll, if you have not received 
any Money for me on that aeoount please to send them down. Th« 
other Clothing is exceedingly necessary — To have provisions trans- 
ported up here, I made application for Waggons, but could not get 
on the States Account— I was therefore nnder the disagreeable ne- 
cessity to engage them myself, but when Logan and Myself came 
within about 15 miles of Wyoming, we met 3 Men, who, when they 
met the Waggoners, told them that Logan had desired them to order 
the Waggonsback to Zawits's and there to unload. As this was en- 
tirely against my Orders & knowledge & encreasing the Expenses^ 
(besides the Detention of Provisions which might have occasioned my 
leaving the ground again) for the cost Days, which Vandermark in- 
sists to draw pay for, I would therefore request the favor of yon to 
settle this matter with Logan, for Vandermark says it is his real 
opinion that Logan desired these Travellers to order the Waggons to 
the above mentioned place. 

I have the Honor to be 
With due Respect, Dear Sir, 
Your most obedient and 
most humble servant, 

The Hon"' John Van Campen, Esq', Lower Smithfield. 

Pees. Dickinson to DsLEaATES in Congress, 1783. 

In Council, April 4th, 1783. 

The particular Circumstances of this state render an attention to 
Indian affairs indispensably necessary; and as the present time 
seems in several Respects favorable, for obtaining a final and 
advantageous settlement of all Differences, We earnestly desire that 
you will use your utmost Exertions in Congress, to prevail on that 
Honorable Body to adopt without Loss of Time the most effectual 
measures, for making Peace with all the Indian nations. 
I am with great Esteem 


your very h'ble servt., 

J. D. 
In dor ted f 

To Hon'ble the Delegates of Penn'a in Congress. 1783, April 


Commissioners for Drfbncjs of thb DelawarBi 1783. 

To the Honorable the Supreme Executiye CouncU of the State of 


We the Commissioners appointed to procure and equip an arma- 
ment for guarding and defending the navigation of the Bay & River 
Delaware, most respectfully beg leave to represent, That as no doubt 
DOW appears to remain that Hostilities are ceased, conceive it our 
Duty to request your permission for us to dispose of the armed 
Vessels under our direction belpnging to the State, in order to enable 
us to close our accounts with the Public. We also wish to know 
whether your Honors would not approve of having the military 
Stores belonging to those Vessels that are not perishable, deposited 
in the State Magadne, as at this time we apprehend they wou'd sell 
for very little money. 

We have t^e honor to be 

with every respect 

your Honors H'ble Servts., 



Read k ordered y* ihey be directed to sell the armed vessels under 
their direction & deposit the military stores in the public magazine. 

EzEKiEL Robins to Hon. James Irvine, 1783. 

New York, April 6th, 1783. 
Dear Sir, 

I am happy to inform you that the long expected Packett has this 
morning arrived, she sailed the 24th February, and brings us the 
official accounts of a Peace, we understand by private Letters there 
is great eommotions amongst the Ministry respecting the matter, to 
morrow, its said a proclamation will be isued by the commander in 
Chief. David Sproat informs me that he had received his orders from 
the Admiral to discharge all the Marine Prisoners to Morrow, a 
happy deliverance Indeed, he likewise waited on me yesterday and 
acquainted me that he had received a Letter from the Councill for 
me to make up my accounts and pay what monies remained into bis 
hands, that the Councill Expected it had been done before this, I did 
not osk him to produce his Letter as I believed it not to bo the case, 
1 think there is no reason that the State of Pensilvania should pay 
for what they never received ; as they never received any supplies from 

« See Archives, Vol. XIII., p. 662. 


him, sboald wish to know your sentiments, would have wrote Conneill 
respecting the matter but tboaght it as well to mention the matter 
to you, should be glad to hear from you by some safe conveyance 
wishing you every happiness. 

I am with Respect & Esteem, 

D' Sir, Yours Affectionately. 

Directed f Honb^ James Irvine, Esq% Philadelphia. 
Indoned, . 

" April 11, 1783. Letter from Ezekiel Robins to Gen. Irvine rec'd, 
& ordered that Mr. Robbins bo informed that Mr. Sproat's demand 
was not authorized by any act of theirs/' &c.* 

War Office to Pres. Dickinson, 1783. 

War Office, April 8, 1783. 

I have the honor to enclose to your Excellency a late resolve of 

I am with perfect respect, 
Your Excellency's 

most obedient servant 


Assist* t SecJ^ at War. 
His Excellency, the Presd't of Pennsylvania. 

Resolve of Congress, 1783. 

By the United States in Congress assembled, April 4, 1783. 

Resolved, That the several States be required to suspend all 
enlistments for any Regiment or Corps in the army of the United 
States until the further order of Congress. 


Pres. Dickinson to Delegates in Conqress, 1783. 

April 11, 1783. 

As a considerable number of negroes belonging to Citizens of this 
State are now in New York, we should be glad that the most effectual 
Measures may be immediately taken by Congress, if it is not already 
done for securing such property, conformably to the seventh article 

♦ Seo Col. Rw., Vol. XIII., p. 553. 


of the provbioiif^l article, between the United States & Qreat Briiaih 
signed the 80th of November last. 

I n,JSk Qentiemen with great Esteem & regard, 
Your obe<&ent and hnmble seryant, 

Honble the Delegates of Penn'a in Congress. 

Thos. Fitzsimons to Pbbs. Dickinsok, 1783. 


The Proclamation for a suspension of Hostilitys being now pub- 
lished, the Commercial people of this City are anxious to know 
whether Vessels or goods coming into this state from Great Britain, 
or any of he^r ports, or Colonjs can be admitted to entry at the 
Custom house. 

I haye been requested to ask the opinion of your Excellency & the 
Honble Counoill upon this point and as it may be of Considerable 
Consequence to the commerce of the state, I hope your EzceUenoy 
will be pleased to take it into Consideration, & favor me with your 
answer or Publish it, if that shall be thought most Expedient. 
I have the honor to be, 
Your Excellcncys 

Most Obed't H'ble Serv't. 

His Excll'y, The President of the Supreme Executive Conncill. 

April 12, 1783. From Honble Thomas Fitzsimons. 

John Nicholson to Pbbs. Dickinsok, 1783. 

The State of Penn'a. 

To John Nicholson, Dr. 
To one Quarters Salary as Comptr. Oonl., duo the 
13ih inst. jei25 


Permit mc to request that an order may Issue upon the Treasurer 
in my favor for the above sum. 
I am with due respect 

your Excellency's 

most obedt. Humble servant, 


Comptr. General's Office, April 14th, 1788. 
His Exceiry, John Dickinson, Esqr., President. 

* See Col. Rec, Vol. XIII., p. 655. 



Certificates op John Nicholson, 1783. 

The followitig persona have applied and made oath agreeable to 
law that their Certificates respectively have never been alienated| 
They are therefore entitled to receive one year's Interest due there- 
upon Tho 10th of April, 1782, agreeable to the following schedule, 

Abraham Gordon, a fifer 3d regiment, 
Captn. John Nice, late of the 6th reg. 

2 Certif., 
Captn. Bernard Ward, of Attlee's regt., 
Dootr. Wm. Smith, late senr. Surgeon 

Genl. Hospl. 
Ensign John Green, late of the Militia, 
Jeremiah Hornhethe, a Matros Artillery, 

;e46 5 11 

£2 15 6 

879 11 8 

22 15 5 
12 2 4 

1029 8 3 
63 13 6 

61 14 10 
8 16 4 


Comptr. General's Office, April 17th, 1783. 

The following persons have applied and made oath agreeable to 
law that their respective Certificates have never been alienated they 
are therefore Intitled to receive One year's Interest dae thereon to 
the 10th of April, 1782, Conformably to the following schedule, 

Lieutenant Samael McClellan, Late 

Lieut. Fg. Camp, 
Captain Ebenezer Carson, late of the 

10th reg. 
Timothy Bums, kte private 8d reg., 
Matthew Maguire, Captn. Lt & P. 

Mr. Artillery reg. 
Lieutent. John Strieker, of the 

Second reg., 
Dennis McCarthy, administrator to 

the Estate of Morgan Connor, 

late Colo. 7 th reg., Dec'd, 

Principal. Interest. 

£267 18 8 £16 1 5 







895 14 28 14 9 

201 2 6 

12 1 a 

27 16 1 

462 13 2 
Comptr. General's Office, April 17th, 1783. 



Wyoming, 17th April, 1788. 

The Committee appointed to Represent the Claimants under tho, 
State of Pennsylvania, beg leave to address you and bid you weU 
come to Wyoming, as the liepresentatives of the Honorably Assembly 
of this State, four appointment and appearance hero will we 
hope answer the good Purposes intended in the attainment wl^^reof 
we assure that every proper Indeavour shall be on our part so far as 
our Interest or personal influence extends, we wish as much as PofH 
sible to bury in Oblivion, the Treatment our Assodates an4 felloi^ 
Citizens have received on those Lands, on which we furst entened 
peaceably and quietly under the Lawful Authority of tt^b Govern- 
ment But cannot help Observing that some of the fairest Charao* 
ters and most worthy Citizens have lost their lives, by men who 
forced us and others from our Possessions, even without the pre- 
tention of authority from any Government Whatever. And for 
years have bid defyance to the laws & Powers of Pennsylvania, we 
find by the list of injured Purchasers, that we are Called to Repre- 
sent the Widows and Orphans of Many brave men who have fallen 
in ibe Common cause of their Country as well as ourselves, and 
others, Who have impowered us to Appear for them. Our Grait and 
only ^ is to set forth facts that are incontestably, True. To Wit, 
that we were in quiet and Peacable Possession of those Lands be^ 
fore the intruders from Connecticut came here ; that they took Pos- 
session by force. Plundered us of our property and Effects, and 
Compelled us to abandon ottr Settlement fairly Purchased from the 
lawful owners. 

But we trust the day te now Come or near at hand, when civil 
Oovemment will be restored and the laws Executed, so as to iprotect 
us and our Associates from any further insults ; That the State of 
which we deem it an Honour to be called Citizens, ^iU extend its 
Wholesome Laws to this quarter, and that in faturo we shall enj6|i 
the Blessings of Civil Government, and Re-possess the Property 
Wrested from us by lawless Force. 

The unanamous and impartial decision of the Court which lately 
decided upon the Jurisdiction and Preemptiop of this Country 
Opens the way for a fair and full enquiry into the Justice of our 
Claims as individuals, the foundation of which will doubtless be laid 
before you by the Proper Officers. We have only to assure you 
that we shall patiently wate your deliberations, and pursue the steps 
that your prudence shall point out for Recoverin>i; of our Rights, as 
we deem it our duty to be directed by your Opinions, and to Recom- 
mend them as a present Law here. We must beg your Honours 
will be Patient in hearing the Complaints of our Constituents, 


which we shall ]/u[ before you from time to time. By this mode we 
shall fully inform you of the Situation of the Sufferers, and your 
Wisdom will lead to the most Effectoal Measorcs of Certain Ee- 

We are in behalf of the Claimants under Pennsylvania, now As- 
sembled at Wyoming^ and by order of the Committee. 


To the Honorable the Commissioners appointed by the General 
Assembly of Penns* for Certain Purposes. Now at Wyoming. 

No. 2. 
Answer of thk Commissioners. 


The Commissioners appointed by the Honble the General Assem* 
of the State of Pennsylvania to endeavour to Compromise the dis* 
pute subsisting between the Citizens of said State and those formerlv 
of the State of Connecticut, and Report a mode of introducing Civil 
Government into this part of the state, beg leave to Return yoo 
their sincere thanks, for the Polite Welcome you give them, as tho 
Representatives of this State, to Wyoming. 

The Sentiments you express of using your endeavours and Per* 
sonal Influence to promote the ends of our Mission in this County, 
Viz., the Peace and Happiness of its Inhabitants by burying in 
OUivion the former ill Treatment you, your Associates or fellow 
Citizens might have received are perfectly Agreeable to us. 

Allow us to assure you that as our duty dictates, so our inclination 
will prompt us to hear with Patience & pleasure what you may 
think proper to offer on this subject, 9nd afterwards to determine 
with Candour and Impartiality on such Measures as may have a 
tendency to Establish Justice, Peace, and the Regular exercise of 
Good Government in this part of Pennsylvania. 

With Sentiments of Respect for the 
Gentlemen who you Represent, we are 
Sir, your most Obt. and 
Very humble Ser*», 

Wyoming, April 18, 1783. 
Signed in behalf of the Commissioners. 

To Capt. Alexander Patterson^ Chairman of the Claimants under 


No. 3. m 

A. PATTXasoN (OhairmaD) to the GoMMissiONxas. 

Wyoming, Ap> 22-*, 1783. 

The Committee are honoured by your answer to their address, the 
Assurance you. are pleased to give them of attention to the rights of 
the Citizens of this State, calls for their Grateful Acknowledgements 
and so perfectly harmonizes with the Sentiments of the Committee 
That we are instructed to Commit ourselves wholly to your Direc- 
tion in future, and in doing this are Confident, that our rights ^re 
in the Hands of those who will have a watchful eye over them. 
We are Sorry to Observe so much of the Old leaven Remaining in 
the Sentiments of the People of Connecticut & Expressed in their 
last Conference with your Honours, their Humanity would it seems 
permit us and our Assosiates to Gow any where over the wide world, 
DO matter where, Provided they may enjoy our Lands, they Cannot 
Conveniently spare us one foot for the Support of our Families, We 
think this an ungrateful return to the goloid People of this State, 
and so far short of the Expectations of the Legislature whose Hu- 
manity and Pity Consigned to Oblivion all Past Offences by a Law for 
the Purpose ; And whose wisdom pointed out the only way of informal 
tion to the House of Assembly of the Real dispositions of the Con- 
tending Parties. Wc beg leave only to Surest to your honours 
that wo have reason to think the Obedience to the laws of this state 
by many of those people, will not bo durable — Unless such Pledges 
are taken by your Honours as cannot admit of any evasion or denial 
hereafter, if that Assurance be once given, and the Pretended Claim 
under Connecticut Relinquished in writing Publiokly, Planely and 
unequivioally, we wish them Afterwards every Indulgence that your 
Honours may Judge Generous in us, and worthy of the Approba* 
tion of the Assembly of Pennsylvania, and all the World. 

We propose to give them leave with Covenants of Warrant for 
holding their Possessions one year from the first day of March next, 
at the end of which they shall deliver up full Possession of the whole ; 
They shall occupy half the Lands, Mow half the Meadows, Dwell in 
the Houses they now Possess, and Cultivate their present Gardens, 
and if they have any opportunity of disposing of their Hutts, Barns 
or other Buildings, they shall to do it and to remove them off at any 
time between the present day, and the first of May, 1784. The 
other Moiety or half of the Cleared Lands and Meadows to be pos- 
sessed by us and our Assosiates and no Impediment be thrown in our 
way to enjoy. The Rev<> Mr. Johnson to have the full use of all 
the grounds he Tilled for two years, etiding the first of May, 1785. 
The Widows of all those whose Husbands were killed by the Sava- 
ges to have a further indulgence of one year, after 1*' May, 1784, 
for half their poEScssions & a square in tho Town to be set apart for 


their use, to which they may remove their Houses, and at the End 
of the term sell them to the best advantage for their own use ; Wo 
think a Refusal of those terms hardly Possible, but if Stubbomess 
and disaffection to the laws of this State are yet to Continue, We 
Trust your honours will be Convinced that on our parts, we have 
not had in View merely our own Private Interest, but that our offer 
will appear Just and Charitable before God and man. 

With every Sentiment of Respect, we are Gentlemen, 

your most obedient^ in behalf of the Co nmittee & by order, 

A. PATTERSON, Chairman. 

Directed, To Honble Jos. Montgomery^ Esq'; Chairman of the 

No. 4. 
John Jenkins to th£ Commissionebs. 


We duly Roc** yours of the 22*' Ins*, inclosing the address and 
Proposals of the Landholders of this State by their Committee, and 
altho we must Confess that their Elegant manner of Address is far 
beyond us, yet we hope our Plain Country way of Communicating 
our Ideas will be forgiven, but we cannot help taking Notice, that 
in their Address they Complain of a proposal that was made by uei 
before your Honors being Very ungrateful, which to the best of our 
Remembrance was, that it had been intimated by some, that it was 
Probable this State would out of Courtesy bestow some thing, in 
the land way on the Settlers and Claimers of the Lands here under 
Connecticut, they were only Ask'd that if that was Granted out of 
Courtesy, whether they would not Exchange and Suffer us to enjoy 
our Peaceable Possession here by way of Compromise; their answer 
was that they were able to Apply for Lands as well as we. We are 
Extreamly sorry to entertain the Idea that in a Compromise we or 
they should instead of looking at the designed and desired Object, 
Be forming Mountains out of Mole Hills, we do not think in the 
lawful defence of what we Esteem to be Our own can with any Jus- 
tice be Termed a disaffection to Government, we would add the 
Petition we laid in before the Legislative body of this State, we was 
in hopes would be Considered of as we find it is, and if that is 
Granted, or any other Satisfactory Measure Can be come into by 
way of Compromise, as we would first take all Lenitive Measuresi 
and if nothing is Effected by this Method of Treating. We must 
have recourse to the Ninth Article of confederation, as that is the 
only way Pointed out for the Tryal of those Lands Claimed under 
different States, and altho we mean to pay duo Obedience to the 
Constitutional laws of Pennsyl*, yet we do not mean to become Ab- 
ject Slaves as the Committee of Landholders Su'^c^est in their Ad- 
dress to your Honors. 


Tho proposals made by the landholders under Pennsjl? * by their 
Committee, through you as Mediaters between us seem to Appear 
to our View to be far from even retaining their own Ideas or rather 
Contracted from those presented before your Honors, and do na 
other Conditions thim a total disclaim and Imediate Surrender of all 
Claims will Satisfy them ; what their Claims are we know noc, only 
they say they are under Pennsylvania; we Expect they are mado 
Acquainted with ours, and from that Possibly would wish to have 
it given up, for fear it should Overballance theirs. But we cannot 
as we are Joint tenants with a much Greater body of Joint Propria- 
tors than is here, without their Joint Consent give up our Claims to 
those Lands in dispute, nor yet do we think that the proposals by 
them made would tend to peace, and as they are so far from what we 
should Call Reasonable, that in short we Cannot Comply with any 
part of their Proposals — without doing the Greatest Injustice to our 
Joint Claimants, ourselves the Widows and Orphans, and as we seem 
to be verry far devided in our Ideas, are sorry to say we have no 
Expectation of Coming to any Amicable Compromise, yet we would 
wish for their Patience to see if the Legislative body of this State 
cannot devise some Measures in their Wisdom, for the Mutual Bene- 
fit of the Whole, if they shall not be able we would on our part 
wbh that a Happy End might be put to the dispute by a Speedy 
Tryal Agreeable to the Ninth Article of Confederation which will 
fully Satisfy uS; and wo will fully Comply with. 

With Esteem & Respect, we are 
your Honors most Obd^ Humble 
Ser^ Signed behalf of the Con< by 

Wioming, 23 Ap', 1783. 
To the Hon^** Board of Commissioners. 

No. 5. 
Jaoob Johnson To the Com**' of the Pennsylvania Landholders, &o. 

I thank you for your distinguished Favor shewed to me the 
widows, &o., in a proposal of Indulgence^ Permitting us to reside in 
our preaent Possessions and Improvements for the present & suo- 
oeeding Year. Altho I caimot ' Consistly accept the offer, having 
Chosen a Com** for that purpose, who are not disposed to accept of 
or Comply with your proposals. However, I will for myself ^as an 
Individual) make you a proposal agreaUe to that Royal Presjdent, 
Sam^ 9*^, 16*^, & 19*^ Chapter, if that dont suit you and no Com- 
promise can be made, or Tryal bo had, according to the law of the 
States, I will say as Mepheboseth, Jonathan's son (who was lame 


on both bis feet) said to King David, Sam> 19^ 30, jea let him take 
ail. So I say to jou GeDtlemcn if there be no resource, Neither by 
our Petition to the Assembly of the State of PeDOsyvania or other- 
wise, Let the Landholders take all. I . have only this to add fof 
my Consolation and you Gentlemen's serious Consideration, Vis ; 
that however the Cause may be determined for or against me (l^ 
this present uncertain State of things,) there is an Inheritance in 
the Heavens, sore & Certain that fadeth not a way reserved for me| 
and all that love the Saviour Jesus Christ's appearing. 
I am Gentlemen, with all due 

Bespect, & good Will your 
Most Obd< Humble ServS 

Wioming, Ap» 24^, 1783. 
To the Gentlemen Com*% &c. 

N.B. it is my Serious Opinion if we proceed to a Compromise ao» 
cording to the Will of heaven that the lands (as to the Right of 
soil) ^ equally divided between the two Parties Claiming, and I 
am fully Satisfied this Opinion of mine may be proved even to 
a demonstration out of the Sacred Oracles. I would wish you Gen- 
tlemen would turn your thoughts and enquiries to those 3 Chapters 
above refered to and see if my Opinion is not well Grounded & if 
so, I doubt not but we Can Compromise in love and Peace — anj 
save the Cost and Trouble of a Tryal at Law. 

No. 6. 
Alkx. Patterson (Chairman) to Commissioners. 

By the Reply of the Committe of Connecticut to oar Proposab 
(a Copy of which we were favoured with by you,) we find those 
Gentlemen have thrown off the 3iaEk at lost, and in their own 
Plain Country tcay tell you they are Sorry to say they have np Ex- 
pectation of Coming to any Amicable Compromise ; they might hav^ 
added with equal Truth that they never Intended to do any thin^ 
but what dire Necessity obliged them, the forming mountains out or 
Mole Hills never Originated in the mind of the Peaceable Citizens 
of Pennsylvania, unhappy for our quiet, that it entered into the 
Kcstless imagination 6f the Susquebannah Adventurers, their de- 
signed & desired Object is to hold by force the Lands which we have 
fairly purchased and possessed in quiet, under the lawful Authoritj 
of this Sute ; It Cannot be Possible that Ideas of holding our Pro- 
perty otherways than by force, conld enter the minds of even the 
least informed of them, petitions may bo wrote and Committees Ap- 
pointed to talk with you and us, to Lull the Stafce, but actions speak 
louder than words and proofs as Clear as demonstrations is in our 
power to Shew their insults to this State and Contempt of its Laws 


— thej try to pervert the meanipg of words, and to offer generotu 
to an Extreeme, they Keply that they mean not to become Abject 
Slaves as the Committee of Landholders Suggest in their address to 
your Honours — to Refuto this we only have to appeal to yon for 
the Rectitude of our measures and endeavours to do good. That 
we required a full ezplisite and unequivocal disclaim of their Right 
to our Lands is True, for we can rely no longer on Promises made 
only to amuse us, fatal Experience has Convinced tis that we have 
been too Credulous, whether they know our Claim or not is of little 
Avail, your Honors know them well^ they have been laid before 
you, we are not acquainted with theirs and the Judgement of the 
Greatest Court in the United^States assures us that their rights are 
not to be understood any more than the Application of the 
Ninth Article of the Consideration in the Case between them and 

We^ leave the Explanation of Joint Tenants and Joint Proprie- 
tors to those Qentlemen learned in the Law Jointly and Severally 
to form their Ideas from, and Paroell it out amongst tho Joint 
Claimants in Grants of six miles Square to the South seas, we shall, 
however, follow the advice of those Gentlemen in every Prudent 
Act and patiently wait for the decision of our Assembly, and have 
to lament that the Generosity of this State, and your Zealous En- 
deavours to Accomplish the laudable ends of your Mission have 
been fruitless in this Instance. Be Assured Gentlemen that our 
Constituents and ourselves are Impressed with the Highest sense of 
your good intentions to Promote Peace, Order and good Govern- 
ment in this Country, and we flatter ourselves through your means 
& Just representations of our Situations/^we shall obtain huch Speedy 
Redress as the Wisdom of the Legislature shall think adequate to our 
wants, and the laws of the State be extended and Supported so as to 
Protect the innocent and Punish the Transgressor of every Denomina- 
tion in the Ready Execution, of which we bee your honors will 
assure the Legislature that we shall behave like faithful Citizens. 

Please to accept our warmest Wishes for a Safe Journey home to 
each of you, & believe us to be with Sentiments of the Highest 
Esteem and Regard^ 

your most Obd* and 
Very hum* Serv*". 

Wioming, April 24, 1783. 

Signed in behalf of the Committee. 

To the HonouraM^ Joseph Montgomery; Chairman of the Com- 



No. 7. 

A List of the Householders of the Different Settlements 
Wyoming who wish to Support the Laws of Pennsylvania. 


Samuel HooveTi 
Thomas Hissam, 
Helmes Chambers,! 
Joseph VanormaUi 
Eph" VanormaUi 
Nicholas Brink, 
John Lanterman, 
Nicodemus Travis^ 
John Borelin, 
Low Kennej, 
Pilitiah Pierce, 
Ebenezer Taylor, 
James Brink, 
Thomas Brink, 
Peter CbamberS| 
Peter Taylor, 
Samuel Drake,' 
William Brink| 
Thomas Parks, 
Benjamen Baser, 
Elisha Courtright, 
Nath^ Devenport, 
William Beatle, 
Peter Devenport| 
Conrad Lyons, 
Peter V" houteUi 

James Spraig, 
Benj* Bailey, 
The- Bolurn, 
John Hide, 


Stephen TuUer^ 



Tho» Brown, 


Jos. Ellott, 
Jabias Sells, 
Paul D. Shott, 
Henry Tousman, 
Isaac Bennett, 

John Pillbury, 
John Miller, 
James Brink, 
Elisher Decker, 
Benj* Russell, 
John Jacobs, 


Darias Parks, 
Riah Steaphens, 
Thomas Bennet| 
John Nobles, 
Diah Nobles, 
Elisha Lipenwell, 
James NobleSi * 
Lebias Stubs, 
Sam* Tubs, 
Nathan Barlow, 
John Heway, 


Benj* Gamer, 
■ Church, 
Jon* Church, 
John Roberts, 


Henry Dedcer, 

Under Conneoticat. 

William Ivory, 
William Ross, 
Lord Buttler, 
Robert Young, 
Jabas Fish, 
Justis Jones, 
Abel Perington, 
John Hagerman, 
Matt"" Hollaback, 
Nathan Dennison, 
W- Hooker Smith, 


Jilis Slocom, 
Simon Spalding, 
James Sutton, 


Jacob Woodcock, 
Derith Woodcock, 
George Charles, 
David Brewster, 
Joseph Huzerman, 
John O'Neal, 
James Johnston, 
William Fish, 
John Hollaback, 


James Grimes, 



Moses Brown, 


Sam> Sheppard, 
Jesse Drake, 
Persevere Cooly, 
Jer* V» Gordan, 
Henry Johnson, 
Tho» M'Cluro, 

— Jones, Junior, 

Obediah Gore, 
Lieu* Meyers, 
Samuel Gore, 


William Slocom, 





Jacob Johnston, 


Reuben Herrington, 
John Fitch, 
Ab. Westbrook, 
Ephriam Tylor, 



Thomas Reed| 
William Jackson, 
Leonard Weatbiook; 
Daniel Qore, 


Fred. Jackson^ 
Price Cooper, 
Joseph Randell, 
Alsa Burnom, 
Charles Annest, 
Robert Jemmison, 
Nathan Northoop, 
Ransell Franklin, 
John Habbert, 
Samuel Coe, 


Nathan Bullock, 
Joseph Cory, 
Samuel Ayres, 


Reuben Cook, 
Nannassa Cody, 
Jonab Rogers, 
Benjamin Cole, 
Roben Jones, 
Isaac Benjamins, 

Daniel Ingison, 


Samuel Ransom, 
Phinias Nash, 


Benjamin Harvy, 
Nathan Kinsley, 
Frederick Evelant| 


Nathan Cook, 
Nathan Cary, 
John Cary, 
Ishmail Bennet, 



Elijah Innman, 
Richard Innman, 
Thomas Kenney, 
Daniel Sherrod, 
William Hibbard, 
Edw* Spincer, 
Caleb Spincer, 
John Durrings, 


Daniel Pierce, 

Abel Pierce, 
James Adderton, 
Assial Adderton, 
Sam* HallioU, 
Benjamin Jenkins, 
Old Jenkins, 


Jon* Foresight, 
John Blanoher, 
Rob* M'^Dowell, 
Phinias Pierce, 
Partial Terry, 
Jonathan Terry, 
Solomon Bennet, 
Thomas Todder, 
Richard Brook, 


Leb Hammon, 
John Hammon, 
Josiah Hammon, 
John Jenkins, 
Stephen Gardner, 
And^ Blancher, 
Frederick Smith, 
Joseph Hammon, 

Prbs. Dickinson to Dei^qates in Congress, 1783. 


By a Law of this state the Introduction of British goodft is forbid 
during the war. Many respectable Merchants of this City have 
applied to Council desiring to be informed,* if British vessels may 
in the present situation of affairs be admitted to Entry. We there- 
fore earnestly wish to know the sense of Congress on this point, 
whether the United States are now at Peace with Great Britain. 
The Decision of this Question belongs to the national Council, & 
will when made clearly produce uniformity of proceedings throughout 
the States : But without it, there may be contradictory sentiments 
& measures among them. 

I am gentlemen with great Esteem 

your very h'ble servt., 

April 18th, 1783. 
The Delegates of Pennsylvania. 

* See page 565. 


Petition RoBsfeT Turner— State Flag, 1T83. 

To the honoursblo the President & Ezeontive Council of the State 

of Pennsylvania. 

Greeting That yonr Petitioner has taken Care of hoisting On 
public Occasions the State Flag on Market Street Wharf & been at 
an ezpence in the same humbly prays that your honours would be 
pleased to take the Same into Consideration & allow him such pay 
AS you in your Wisdom seem meet. 


Thursday morU; 1788^ April 24th. 

The Honourable' The President & The Executive Council of the 
State of Pensylvania^ Present. 

Samuel Hodqdon to CfouNciL, 1783. 

Return of Military Stores forward to Harris's on the Susquehanna 
for the use of the Troops to be employed on the North Western 

12 Arm Chests q' 800 New French Muskets & Bayonets. 
2 ditto. & 1 Box q' 40 Rifles. 

40 Screws & Wipers^ 
40 Bullet Moulds. 
100 Shot pouch with Horns, 
28 Boxes q* 40,248 Musket Cartridges, 

4 do. q' 869 lbs. Musket Ball, 

2 do. q' 2000 Musket Flints, 

1000 Pistol do. 
866 Brushes & Wires, 
400 Screw drivers. 

Philadelphia, 20th April, 1788. 

The above mentioned Arms and Stores were delivered the State 
of Pennsylvania, for the use of the troops, destined for an incursion 
into the savages' Country in the month of September last, none of 
which have been returned. 

with esteem 

I am yours, 


John Armstrong, Junr., Esq , Secretary. 

* See Col. Rec., Vol. XIIL, p. 688, 


No. 1— 'GORBUSPOHDBMOE OF Bbv. Jahbs Finlbt, 1783. 
OeeU Goonty, Maryland, April 28, 1783. 

Ab y* Hon'ble Counoil over which yonr Ezoellencj prerides was 
pleased to appoint me to fulfil y* Intentions of y^ Legislature bj 
endeavouring to bring those deluded Citizens in y western counties 
to a proper Sense of their duty, who seemed disposed to separate 
from y* Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, & erect a New & Inde» 
pendent state & left it with me to act as prudence might direct, &c. 
And, as I undertoook this business, they doubtless had a right to 
demand, & therefore may justly expect me to give an account of my 
conduct herein; which| may it please your Excellency; was as 
follows : 

Immediately upon y* receipt of y* appointment^ & your Excel- 
lency's Instructions, which were of singular use to me, I set oflF; & 
endeavoured to gain all y* knowledge I could of y* sentiments & 
conduct of y* people in y* different parts of those Settlements. 
And, as I found y* y* Inhabitants on y' east side of y* River 
Youghioganni were mostly opposite to a New State, I passed them 
by. A considerable number of those between s' River & y* 
Monoungehela, as well as a great part of Washington County, I 
found to be fond of it ; being misled by a few aspiring, & I suspect 
ill designing men, or by men who had not thorowly considered y* 
whole matter ; which later was y« case of some of y* Clergy. I 
also found y* y* Act to prevent y* erecting any New & Independent 
States, &o. ; & likewise y« Act for y^" sale of oertun lands therein 
mentioned, &o., of v* 8d of December last, quite intimidated & 
discouraged y*> populace, who had been buoyed up with y« hopes 
of easily obtaining, & prospects of great advantage by a New State ; 
& y^ even y* Ringleaders were for eating in their words & putting 
a new face upon their conduct ; so y* y* design of y* Legislature 
was partly effected, yet y* people seemed rather hushed than con- 
vinced : Therefore I called upon a number of y* Ministers & other 
Gentlemen, conversed with some & wrote to others, as well as 
cautioned y*" people after Sermon against having any hand in such 

The Substance of my conversation, cautions, & letters is to be 
found in y* copy of a letter I herewith send your Excellency ; & 
which is nearely y* same with many I wrote on y*> occasion; & 
which, in a leasure hour your Excellency may give a glance to, if it 
may be thought worth while. 

I carefully concealed my appointment from every one ; nor did 
any appear to suspect it. But while some approved of my conduct, 
others^ viZ; y* New Statesmen alledged I was too officious : yet I 

* SeepoBtea. 


suspect appeariDg in a public Character in y^ affair would not have 
answered any better end. I concluded however that having j* 
letters in their hands & reading them one to another, as I found 
was the case, they would be obliged to attend to y* arguments. I 
hope some good is done; & cannot but believe y^ y* New State 
affair is over at present. I was six weeks in y< country ; & would 
have tarried longer had it appeared requisite for y good of y* State, 
But, I must tell your Excellency y* I fear much opposition will be 
made, especially by those disappointed in their expectations about a 
New State, & artifice used to evade a tax, I was greatly opposed in 
this ; & could not answer y* objections against a tax in cash, other- 
wise than by alledging y^ y** Assembly would surely adopt some 
easy measure which y* people could comply with ; & I hope this 
will be done, as those Settlements are nearly destitute of cash. 

If a Campaign should be carried on to y" westward this summer 
or fall in order to check y« insolence of y* savages, who have already 
killed & captivated many; y« people, I doubt not, will readily 
contribute in grain or wheat, each man his share of y* tax; & by 
this means will be brought into y* custom without either force or 
disputation. And if it should seem good to y* legislature until 
money shall circulate more extensively, to appoint active & honest 
men to receive y" publick dues in flour & convey it to New Orleans 
to market, y* people would this way not only pay y« public tax, but 
also take out patents for their lands. So that in a short time many 
thousands would come into y treasury, which otherwise need not 
be expected. With an ardent wish for y* peace & prosperity of 
your Government this comes from your Excellency's 
most obedient k humble Servant, 


To His Excellency, John Dickinson, President of the Supream 
Executive Council of Pennsylvania. 

No. 2 — OoRRBSPONDENCB OP Ebv, Jahes Finlby, 1788. 

Dunlaps Creek^ March y« 18; 1783. 

I have long bad a desire of settling in this country, but have 
been discouraged by y* Spirit of opposition to Government y^ 
appeared among many, And their late motion for a New State seems 
to me even more unreasonable & dangerous than any former attempt 
especially y' of erecting themselves ; which it is said has been pro- 
posed by some. 

That this motion for a New State is not only premature, k unjusti 
bat also dangerous to y* Settlement, will appear by a few considera- 

* See Col. Rec., Vol. Xm., p 617. 


tion. — If you consider y Burthens would necessarily ensue you 
cannot think y* for years to come you would be equal to them. 
You would be obliged to support a Convention in framing a Con- 
stitution : & afterwards a greater number of Counselors & Assembly- 
men than you now have : Also a President, Judges of y* Supream 
Court, with Delegates in Congress. You would likewise have to 
contribute for supporting Ambassadors abroad & an Army at home, 
which, more or less, must still be kept up ; & also for discharging 
y« national debt contracted in y" present war. Paper money you 
know, would not do; Gold & silver would be required for all these 
purposes. — But could they be expected from a people always & 
justly pleading their want of such cash ? I fear they would find y* 
New State's little finger thicker than y Old State's loyns; & y they 
would soon complain, as y*> members of some weak States begin to 
do that, "The support of Government is too heavy for them." 
Whereas continuing as you now are much of y* above expences 
would be cut off. 

I must also tell you y* y* motion for a New State seems unjust : 
For, consider y*, Pennsylvania has as good a title to all y* lands 
within her lines as any State in y Confederacy; or, as any of you 
have for your plantations : And, I may say, guaranteed to her by 
y* other States. The lands in this settlement y* were claimed by 
Virginia are now acknowledged by y* state to be y*' right of Penn- 
sylvania ; & y" lands claimed by Connecticut on y* other side are 
now by a Decree of Congress confirmed to Pennsylvania also ; to 
which y* Inhabitants of said lands have subpaitted — Consider like- 
wise that there has been a great expenditure of both blood & 
treasure in part for your defence ; & a large sum (I am told an 
hundred & ten thousand pounds sterling) promised to y* late Pro- 
prietor to enable him to discharge debts probably contracted with a 
dependence on his claim to Pennsylvania. This heavy debt to him 
had been contracted in order to have you as well as others exempted 
from future propriatory demands. l?ou know S', y* part of y* un- 
located lands has been allotted to y* officers & soldiers in y* Penn- 
sylvania line for their encouragement in y* defence of your civil & 
religious rights; & y y remainder is considered as t fund for 
disharging y* aforesaid debts. 

These things considered, can your people think it just to attempt 
being erected into a New State within y* claim of Pennsylvania 
without her consent, & without having made any proper compensa- 
tion to her? .Would they desire to defraud y« men who fought for 
them out of their lands? Or can they think those brave men 
would not resent y ungrateful treatment, & defend their property 
sword in band 7 Or can your people desire to shift paying y" debts 
which honour & confidence both urge to see discharged ? Can they 
attempt to lay y* foundation of a State in iniquity & deceit, & yet 
expect y* blessing of y« righteous Governour of y* World ? Have 
y* subjects of any nation attempted, especially by violence, to dis- 


member y* State, unless on account of intolerable tyranny practised 
against them ? But, I suppose, y<> warmest contenders for y point 
among you, alledge nothing of that nature. This New Settlement 
has rather been nursed like a child by y* old. The Council, Presi- 
dent, Judges, Assembly, Delegates in Congress, & y« Army have 
all hitherto been supported out of the Treasury into which you havo 
yet put nothing, & some even refuse to do it. And why should 
such a Nursling attempt to desert y parent before it can stand 
alone ; & while, if it were a State must appear contemptible & with- 
out weight in the scale of £mpire ? This is surely ridiculous ! In 
Tain are y* first Colonies of America urged as a Precedent. They 
had no other refuge in their first settlement, but were constrained 
by hard necessity to begin their Government with a few families or 
be without laws. Yet they had y advantage of being without 
debt, which is not your case. 

If any alledge great inconvenience in being connected with y* 
other part of y State, I answer y* y* difficulty is not greater than 
in some other States, & far from being insuperable. The usual 
business of each county can be transacted in itself without difficulty ; 
& if tryal of causes in y Supream Court can be had without much 
expence by y* Circuits of y* Judges ; while y* attendance of mem- 
bers of Assembly is defrayed by y' State in general. Should y* 
distanee from y« present Seat of Government be thought a griev- 
ance, petitioning for removal to a place more central could not be 
blaimed, & no doubt would be granted as soon as y" arguments for 
auch a removal should appear to your Representatives weightier 
than those against it. The f>amc measure might be taken for having 
a land office established among you, y' want of which many com- 
plain of. 

All these things considered, I think it no wonder y* Congress (aa 
I am told,) treated a late application for a New State with disregard 
& I doubt not ever will while matters continue as they are. And 
if you should without y consent of Congress erect yourselves into 
a State, & by faction & violence dismember y' old, you would cer- 
tainly incur y Displeasure & bring y" force, not only of Penn- 
sylvania, but of all y* States upon you, since they are bound to 
assist & defend each other in y* possession of their rights. I 
tremble to think y^ before we are well emerged from a war with 
foreigners we might be called to stain our bands in each others 
blood I There are many who considering these things think k oven 

* say, y* y motion for a New State must & does originate with ill- 
' designing men, who desire to save their Estates at present. & 

* make opportunities for advancing themselves to posts of honour & 
'profit hereafter; but cover their designs with pretences of public 
'good. And, say they, we know y* by such pretences, & by y* same 
'class of men y* Settlement has been kept in confusion year after 
'year to y« detriment of y* Publick k hurt of Individuals; & y* 
' when one Scheme fails another is invented." Hence they alledge 


y* wben j' motion for a New State has had its operation some other 
affair will be brought on y* carpet. If this be true, I may say, how 
long will yon suffer yourseWes to be imposed npon ? However, I am 
of opinion that there are several Gentlemen who are far from any 
ill design, but thro' mistake or simplicity are led in. I wish them 
to consider & retreat before it be too late. 

Yon are all professors of Christianity, It surely requires men to 
be honest, peaceable & submissive, attending to y* one thing needful. 
But y* measures pursued by some have a different effect. They 
gender animosities, contentions,, & many evil works ; & may end in 
confiscations, banishment, & blood. There are different Denomina- 
tions of Professors among you ; strict notice will be taken of all ; & 
observations made on such of these as appear most refractory & 
ungovernable. I wish all may avoid confirming y*" opinion of some 
Gentlemen at y* commencement of y* war. They argued against 
it, alledging y% " if we were independent, our back Settlements 
especially thro' y* avarice & ambition of petty Statesmen would 
become a New Germany, a Seat of Contention & field of blood. 
Upon y* whole I would recommend to all what I design to do 
myself, viz., cheerfully to pay y« annual tax, which I doubt not y* 
Assembly will make as easy as circumstances will admit, & as soon 
as may be, to get their lands patented ; which may now be done on 
perhaps y^ easiest terms will ever be had. By this means you 
might in some years be pretty clear of y* debts mentioned; & 
might, if it should then be thought necessary, with a better face 
supplicate for a New State; which to attempt at present seems both 
foolish & unjust. 

I have been labouring for y* good of this Settlement these 
thirteen years ; & my constant wish for this, & y* I & my Children 
may be allowed to live with you in peace & in y* fear & love of 
God prompt me to be thus laree on this subject. And I am sure 
my Character requires me to endeavour to prevent especially publick 
evils, & to promote Righteousness & Peace in y* land. In y** 
meantime I am^ with all due respect, S"*, 

yours Sincerely 


P. S. As I wish y thoughts I have suggested may be duely 
considered by y people, so it cannot be disagreeable to me y* you 
shew this letter to as many as yon think fit. 


Pres. D10KIK8OF TO Delegates in Cokgrbss, 1788. 

In Council^ Pa.^ Apl. 29th; '88. 

Council wrote to yon some time ago, degiring that jon wonld 
endeaYonr to have the most effectual measures speedily adopted by 
Congress for making Peace with the Indian nations. Having lately 
received advices that about forty Inhabitants of this State have been 
killed and taken by them, & having good Reason to be assured, that 
these Hostilities will be continued along the Frontiers; we- think it 
our Duty earnestly to repeat our Request. 

Perhaps the United States might appear more respectable to those 
nations at a Treaty to be held with them after the Delivery of 
Niagara & Detroit tolls by the British; but, in the meantime, we 
hope such steps may be taken, as may be the means of saving 
many lives, and preventing great Calamities. We wish Congress 
would be pleased to consider, whether it might not have a good 
effect upon the Indians, to inform them by authority, that Peace 
has been made with Great Britain, the articles of which are now 
carrying into Execution ; that the Back Countrv with all the Forts 
is tnereby ceded to us ; that they must now depend upon us for 
their Preservation and, that unless they immediately cease from 
their outrages, & remain quiet till we can hold a Treaty with them 
at Niagara or Detroit, we will instantly turn upon them our armiei 
that have conquered the king of Great Britain, and now have ok 
other Enemies to employ their Valour, and extirpate them Arom 
the Land where they were born and now live : But, that if thoT 
behave as they ought to do, they shall be treated not only justly, 
but friendly. Such Intelligence as this with the advance of a 
proper Reinforcement to Genl. Irvine at Pittsburg, & the Exertions 
of the Troops under his Command, might put a stop to the cruelties 
of the savages, or at least pretrent their becoming more extensive. 
I am Gentlemen 

with great Esteem and Regard 

Your &o*.| 

J. D.* 

1788, April 29th. To Hon'ble The Delegates of Penn'a in 

* See page 46. 
Vol. X.— 3 


John Nioholsok to Fbbs. Diokinsok, 1788. 


I beg leave to request that an Order may be drawn upon The 
Treasurer in mj favor for fiye hundred pounds state money for the 
purpose of paying the one third part of Depreciation Certificates 
agreeable to Law, The sum last ree'd is intirely expended. 
I have the Honor to be 

with the Greatest respect 

your Excellency's 

most obed* Humble servant, 

His Exceiry^ The Presid't of Penn'a^ present. 

Bbsolves in CoNaBSSs, 1783. 

In Congress, May 1st, 1783. 

Resolved, That the Seo'y at War, talce the most effectual measures 
to inform the several Indian Nations, on the frontiers of the United 
States, that Preliminary articles of peace have been agreed on and 
Hostilitys have ceased with Great Britaiui and to communicate to 
them that the forts wif bin the United States i^nd in possession of the 
British troops will speedily be evacuated, intimating also that the 
United States are disposed to enter into friendly treatys with the 
different tribes and to inform the hostile Indian nations, that unless 
they Immed^ cease all hostilitys, against the Citizens of these states 
and accept of these friendly proffers of peace, Congress will take the 
most decided measures to compel them thereto. . 

Ordered, That the Sec^ at Warr, transmit the proceedings of Con- 
gress herein with copys of President Dickinson AQen* Irwine's letter 
to the Comm' in Chief ft the Comm'* Ibr Indian affairs in the 
Northern departm^ 

Sec'y ARMSTRONa to Wm. MACnLAT, 1783. 

In Council; 2d May, 1788, Philada. 

The late Indian outrages upon our frontier, have induced Coancil 
to direct, that an immediate supply of amunition be forwarded for 
their defence. I have it therefore in command to express their 


wishes, that tivo boxes of Musanet Cartridge & 300 flints fit for 
rifles he forwarded from the Military stores under your direoiion to 
Capt. Robinson now at Wyoming. 

Conyeyance is supposed to be easy and frequent — the propriety it 
seizing the earliest, wiU suggest itself. 

I am Sir, with the highest respect^ 

Your most Obed* & very hum. Serr*. 
Gen. Potter or Col. Hunter will take charge of it at Sunsbury. 
The enclosed letter, which I beg you to forward with the amunitioni 
is to that purpose. 

J. A. 

fblick service, 
illiam M'Clay, Esq., or in hi» absence to M^ John Harris^ 
Harris's Ferry. 

Sbc'y Armbtrong to Grn'l Potter, 1788. 


With this letter, you will receive two boxes of musket cartridges 
and two hundred rifle flints, which Council has thought proper to 
forward to your frontier. It is their intention, that it be sent from 
Sunbury by the first safe conveyance to Wyoming. The letter 
addressed to Cap* Robinson may go with it Councill think it 
unnecessary to suggest the slightest motive to interest your attention 
to this boaiocsfl. 

I am, Sir, 

With the highest esteem. 

Your most obed' Hum. Serv^ 
JOHN AftMSTRONG, Jr., Sec^y 
In Council, Philad-, 2d May, 1783. 

Public service. 

Hon; Major Gen. James Potter, or in hie abeeaoe to Samuel 
HuateTi Eeq.j Sunbury, ^ . 


Tbouab FnsfiKiMom to Pass. DioKnisdF, 1788. 

I have the bonor to hand the Oeundll in a6t of Congress passed 
the 1*^ Inst."*" k I hqxi in a lew days, other vieaaares will be adopted 
to giTe fiirthcr satisfaotion to the state upon Indian affairs. 
I hiTja the honor to be, 

Y' Bzoeli^ most obed<*h'ble senr*. 

May 4, 1783. 

His Exoeirj the Presid't of the Supreme Exeoative Connoill. 

John Nicholson to Pres. Dickinson, 1783. 

Compt' Generals Office, May 5th, 1783. 

I begleare to request that an order issne otf the Treastirer in my 
favor for five Hundred pounds state money for the purpose of paying 
one-third part of Depreciation Certificates. The sum last rec* is 
neiurij disbutsed. 

I have the Honor to be, 
With much respect, 
. Your Sxeeiiency's obed. 
Humble servant. 
^ His Excelleney, the President of ^Pennsylvania. 

Oapt. Thomas RoiiAsoir to Pres. Dickinson, 1783. 

Northumberland, May 8th, 1783. 
Tfa« Instruetkmi of Cfouuctll Diatod tnay 5th, I Ret)« this 4th Juue, 
] Ins^ on my way from Wyoming to thi^. town, the Anranitioti 
_ .Mentioned was then on its way to Wyoming. Hitherto, Every 
Measure has been Taken to preserve a friendly Intercourse Between 
the Soldiery & the Inhabitants, & I have the Pleasure to Inform 
your Excellenoie that the Measures I Have Made Use of Has had 
the Desired Effect. 

^ See page 4C. 



With Respect to the InhabitantSi there tre a great Manj Wrang-' 
Kng Dispates Chiefly owing to a pelfering as well as Letegions 
Spirit wbieh Seems verj Natural to sone of them. 

In all saeh Gases they have Imediate recourse to ns as there are 
no C^f el Officer in the plaoe, and many of them thought To avail 
themselves of the Opportnoity, Imajining no Law was to take Hold 
of them ; they Proceeded to take and Make use of their Neigh- 
bours Property at Pleasure And even to Disposess others. 

Upon which I Imediately Interposed^ Cboo^iDg such as I thought 
freebt of that Letigous Dbposition & who Dest knew the aflfairs of 
the Place for Information, and have so Far Prevailed in that Re- 
speot as to preserve (by their own Accounts) a beter Regulation 
than has ever been Amone them before. 

But Notwithstanding Sieir Seeming Compliane^ There is Still 
a refactory Spirit among them, though they Wish to keep up a good 
appearance — of these afiairs I am well aware and am Very Giraul 
to keep them at A proper Distance. 

And Your Ezcellenoey may be assured that no Endavour Shall 
be wanting on my part to keep Good order Among them Ull Civel 
Authority takes place^ and I have no Doubt of proceeding therein. 
From Some Encouragement they Have Received from the Assembly 
of York State, a party have been Choosen to View some Land As- 
signed them for a settlement ; Which Pftrty is now Returned, But 
I am not able to Learn the Intentions of the people on the Rieport 
of their Commissioners. 

I am with Every Sentiment 
of Esteem & Respect, 
Your ExoeUencies Most 
Obedient Humble Servant, 

Directed J 

His Excellence, John Dickinson, Esq', President of Sup" Ex^ 
ecutive Council^ PenneT Pbila^ 

GiK. 8t. Glair to Prbs. Dickinson, 1783. 

' ' '^' PhilVMay 9% 1783. 


Colonel Porter has called upon me to certify to Council the Rank 
he was entitled to in the Pennsylvania Regiment of Artillery 
previous to the Reduction that took place on the first of January 
last. He had been a louji; time the eldest Captain of the Regiment 
rose to the Majority, and by the Resignations of Colonel Proctor 
and Lieut. Col. Forrest became entitled to the Rank of laeut. Col. 



4mU he KB dnrijr Mtitkd t» the Sok af Cdoad 
I hOT* the hoMT to ke vitk 

yon Boit oMnicBt Scfmt, 

Hit Kwddlemef, Joha DiskiMOB, Btqne, IVoideat nl tW 
iMmabfe Ito MprMMcxMOifv Ooaoeil, of F^nsjlTmaii. 

1782, Jbj 9lh, Fran General Stndair. Joae SO^ 1783, Oid« 
flwt a Letter be writteo bj the Seerefary to the Seeretaiy at War, 
obeerrioff that in the Coainiianon to Col> Porter, the Woid ^Coaa- 
flumdant^' b omittedL k dearing that it maj be added, aa he waa 
enatled to the Bank of Ideni< Col> CommaDdanty Mi the tiine of 
iiining the laid Conuniaaion* 

JoHH Nicholson to Pass. DiCKurso^r, 1783. 

Conpt Oeneral'a Office, Maj 2(Hh, 1783. 

The annw of State money I hare hitherto rec'd have been applied 
for the pnrpoaei thej were adTaooed, and farther applications reqnire 
farther advanoea. Shall be mach Obliged by an Order from the 
Treaanrer in my fayor for the farther Sam of five hundred pounds, 
lor paying id part Depreciation Certificates. 

I hare the Honor to be, With much respect, 

Your Honor'a most Obed. Humble ser., 
The Hon'blo James Ewing, Esq , Yiea President 


Comm'rs of Taxes for Philadelphia (To., to Pbsbidbnt 
DiCKiKSONy 1788. 

To His ExcelleDOj; John Dickinsoiiy Esq., President, and thd 
Honorable, the Supreme Execative Council of the Commonwealth 
of P'ennsyl^&nia- 

When we sent out the Duplicates for the State Money tax, it did 
not appear to this Board that the holders of the Continental State 
Money had a right to expect an allowance of Interest due on that 
money in payment of their taxes, as the Law seemed to point out 
another mode by which the Interest was to be paid. The County 
Treasurer said he oould not receive the money with such an allow- 
ancC; for that the State Treasurer would not take it from him in that 
way ; We therefore Greeted the Collectors to receive and pay it into 
the Treasury as the other State Money made payable by law, for 
this tax, and they have accordingly paid into the Treasury about 
2400 Dollars, without abatiog the Interest. It seems a number of 
Gentlemen have refused to pay this tax in any other money than 
that in question, nor in this without an abatement of the Interest, 
which retards the collector of the tax, and has oooarioned the State 
Treasurer's application to the Attorney General, for his opinion on 
the subject, on the receipt of which he bad agreed to receive into 
the Treasury the Continental State Money, abating the Interest, and 
the Oonnty Treasurer in like manner. Before we give any further 
orders to the Collectors on this business, shall be much obliged to 
Ibe honorable Council for their advice and direction in the premises. 
We submit it whether some other eonsistent mode may not be 
adopted for discharging this Interest than for theColleotors allowing 
the same lb receiving of taxes, which we apprehend would lay open 
to sundry abuses. 

We are, Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient 

and very humble Servants, 

Philada., May 21st, 1783. 
lib Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq.| Prendent^ &c., ft., &o. 


John Njfinoisojx so Y. F., Jamss EwiKa, 1788. 

Comptroller General's Office. May 24th, 1783. 

I beg leare to requ^ tbat orders may Issue npon t}ie Treaaor^ 
in favor of Wiiliam Bradford, Jun.^ Esq., Attorney Oei^xal of ib^ 
State; and James Willson, Esqaire, for forty pounds eaQh| the fe^ 
charged by them in the cause depending between this Commonwealth 
ft Tmiothy Hatlacki Esquircj late Secretary of the Supreme Execu- 
tive GouncQ. 

I have the Honor to be, 

With the highest respect, 

Tour Honor's most Obed. Servi, 

Directed f 
The Bon'ble James Ewing, Esq., Tioe President. 

BspAiBS ov Febt Housbs, 1788. 

At the Bequest of the Honourable, the Executive OonncylLi, ww 
have Examined the pest houses on State Island, and have estimated 
the Expenoe of putting the whole in the same iiepare tbat Some of 
them are in at present, and are of ofunion that it may be done fov 
four hundred pounds. If Counovll shall think proper we will pro4 
cure JIf aterials and Gktt the whole Compkated on the usual Seins 
and without any unuecessary delay. 

26th May, 1783. 

Delegates oy Pebtnsylvania to Council, 1783. 

The Delegates of Pennsylvania present their respoctful Compli- 
ments to the Hon'ble Council & inform them that the Secretary at 
War is authorized by Congress to repair & deliver the New Prison 
to such Person as Council shall please to appoint to receive Posses- 
sion thereof. 

2 June, 1783. 

Directedy • 

His Excellency, The President & The Hon'ble Council of Penn- 


John Nicholson to Pres. Dickinson, 1783. 

Compi General's Office^ Jane 5th; 1788. 
May it Please your Ezeellency, 

. The State money I hate reoetTvd is all expended, I therefore beg 
Ieaf<e to reqnest an Order for the farther anm of five hnndred poondi 
for paying a third of Depreciatioa Certificates. 
I am with much respect. 

Your Excellency's most Obed. servant, 


His Exeellenoy, John DiekinsoB| Esqaire, President. 

Sbor't. Armstrong to Rob. Morris, 1783. 

Phil-, Jane 7th, 1788. 

In reply to yonr letter of yesterday, I have the pleasure to inform 
you that this Board have already gone into your wishes on the Sub-; 
jeot of the collection and payment of taxes. A lato presaine letter 
has been written to the different County Commissioners, and among 
other considerations more partid in their application, the necessitiea^ 
of the army — the justice of their claim and the foreign engagementa 
of Congress have been powerfully Urged. 

I am. Sir, Ac, Ac, 

jttn* Seif . 

pRES. Dickinson to Survbyor Gen., 1788, 
(In Council, P*.) 

Sir, ; 

The Intelligence received by us of Hostilities committed on th^ 
Frontiers of this State by Indians, induced us to deferr giving Yon. 
directions for surveying and lajing out in Lots, the Tract o( 
Land first described in the Law, entitled /^ An Act foi the Ssdf of 
certain Lands, &c., passed on the twelfth Day of last March, until m% 
had taken sofne previous Steps for Facifitating the Execution of 
that Measure, and bad Reason to hope that Circumstances were so 
far matured as to be more favourable to the Design of the Legisla- 

* Bte-Col. Rec, Vol. XIH., p. 694. 


We now would have jon to proceed immediatelj in that Bossi- 
ness, oopfomiiDg Yoonelf therein to the said Aot 

We apprehend that yon should begin with the surveys of the two 
Tracts, each of fhree thoosand acres reserved for the use of the State. 
Ton will then j;o on to survey the rest of the I^nd, & to lay 4>«t 
& number the Lot% so that the Lots being contiguous one to an- 
oiheri the Plot of them may form an aceuxate Draught or Map of 
the Country. 

In this Map we desire you to insert the Courses of the Several 
Waters, and their general Depth with all Possible exactness, and 
to note the Places of mines, if any, Proper Situations for Towns 
Mill seats & any other remarkable Advantages. 

We also earnestly wish that the particular Quality of each Lot 
may be ascertained in the Draught or in a Schedule annexed to it, 
& such a precise Description be given as may be practicable. 

It will DC a Matter of great CoAscqueooe to have the Courses Dis- 
tance, A Boundaries of each lot determined with the utmost preci- 
sion, for encouraging the Sales & for presenting future Dispute ; & 
We should be glad that you may avail yourself of Natural Bounda- 
ries as much as may be consistently with the Description of the Lot, 
& a proper Form of the Lots, & that the Water may be divided as 
the nature of the ground will admit to the several Lots where such 
natural Boundaries do not occurr. Boundaries should be distinctly & 
thoroughly marked. 

We confide much in your Integrity & Ability for the performance 
of this Work so important to the State ; and as we are assured that 
ton will employ no person under you, but such as are in every 
Kespect worthy of so high a Trust, it irill be needless to say more 
on that subjeot, but this that we expect the surveys of every Lot 
to bo made with aa much Care & nicety as can be practiced, and that 
every person employed be bound not to give to any person or per- 
sons whatever, any advice or Information concerning the Quality or 
advantage of any Lot or Lots, except the"* Return to be made to 
Council as is herein before mentioned. 

If any Indians converse with you on this Business, you may as- 
sure them that those Lands are within thCrBoundary of Pennsylvania, 
and though the king of Oreat Britain has ceded and finally relin- 
quished them, and we have full power to maintain our title by force 
of arms. Yet we sincerely intend to treat them, as our ancestors 
treated their Forcfeithers, and to deal friendly with them, if thej 
will suffer us to do so. 

We shall write to General Irvine to afford you all the assistance 
ft proteetioil in his power. We think his advice may also be very 

I am. Sir, Your obedient 
and very humble servant, 



Street Commiss'rb. to CouiirciLy 1783. 

His ExcelleDoj, John DickiDSOD^ Esq', and the honorable the Sup- 
reme EzecQtiye Coonoil of the Commonwealth of Penosylyania. 

The Street Commissioners are abont regulating Fifth Street, be- 
tween Chestnut & Walnut Streets, in order to carry off the Water, 
make the Street a more convenient Passage, and that it may appear 
decent to the many Strangers k others who pass that way to the 
State House, &o. 

Altho' it is not in the Commissioners power to pave this Street at 
present, and therefore cannot legally call on those who own Estates 
fronting on the street, to pave the Gutters & Footways yet we beg 
leave to mention* to the Honorable Council that if this is done be- 
fore the east side of the State House square, the Passage would be 
much more convenient| and perhaps much more reputable to the 

Philadelphia, June 10th, 1788. 
His Excellency^ John Dickinson^ Esq^ ftc.| &c. 

Pbbs. Dickinson to DsLsaATBS in Congbess, 1783* 

Gentlemen : 

We observe in a Resolution of CongreVd'of the 26*^ of last Month, 
that Furloughs are to be granted to non-commissioned Officers & 
privates inlisted to serve during the War. 

We earnestly desire that you may prevail with Congress to have 
this Resolution executed in such a Manner, that a sufficient garrison 
may still be maintained by the United States at Fort Pitt. We are 
informed by the Secretary at War, that some of the Maryland LinCi 
if not of the Pennsylvania Lane also, are inlbted to serve for three 

We also wish you to represent to Congress, that the Troops of 
this State are expected to arrive in a few Weeks from South Caro- 
lina, & in a sickly Condition ; and We hope that proper provisions 
will be made for their Dismission in as comfortable Circumstances 
as the situation of Affairs will admit. 

I amj Gentlemen^ &c*, 

J. D. 
/nJoriccf,— June 11, 1783. 

« 8ee CoL Bee., Vol. XIII., p. 697, 002. 


Sec't Armoteonq^ to Gbn. Wm. Irtinb, 1788. 

Setf^ Offioe, P-, Jane 19tb, 17S3. 

As Gonnetl have oome io a determiaation to make sale of tbe 
lauds appropriated. bj lawibr the redemption of the depreciation 
eertifieatefly thej have aooordipglj instmcted tbe Sorvejor Oen. of 
the State to proceed with all possible dispatch in the first steps of 
that bn^iness. He has oar directions to call upon you for adyicei 
and suofa Other Assistance as it may be proper and convenient to 
give. We flatter ouraelves that many advantages to the.State may 
be derived from both. 

I am^ Sir^ with much rsspect^ 

your most Obedient Humble Servant^ 

//K^orfadf^-^une 12^ 1783. 

Gov. HarbisoNi of Ya., to Prbs. Dickinson, 1783. 

In Ck>uneil, Jane 12*^ 1783. 

A Number of tbe Inhabitants of that Tract of Country which 
falls by the temporary ' Line between the two States, within the 
Bounds of Pennsylvania, complain that the Conditions upon which 
it was acceded to on either Side have been departed from, and 
Measures adopted by your State which deprive them of those rights 
they held, and subject tl^em to Censure for their Conduct while 
in Office, and in performance of the Duties they owed to this 

The Titles to Lands acquired under this State, which were stipo* 
iated to be oonfirm'd to. the Proprietors if they should fall into that, 
are stated to be laid aside, and they put on the same footing with 
thoee originally within the Bounds of Pennsylvania, by wbiob they 
are subjected either to the loss of the Land, or to the payment of an 
additional Sum of Money for a ConfiriAation of their rights, a Con- 
dition in either alternative contrary to the express engagements of 
ihovtwo States. 

Iney further complain that the Officers of Militia who obeyM the 
Orders of the Executive of this State in repelling the Enemy and 
defending the frontier previous to the temporary Boundary LinCj 
are subjected to Suits before the Courts, whose decisiods have been 
against them, by which nieans Punishments arc affix'd to Actions 
which are not criminal, and the late Citixens of this State harrass'd 
and oppress'd with Expence for performing the Services which they 
owed to their Country. 


This 18 tbe Subject of the Memorial of these Citnens, who miDglai 
also, SaspknoDs that the^e Measures haye been adopted, and they 
sabjeeted to Injury, more from a Spirit of resenlment and displeiif 
sure to them from their Acfaohment to this State, than from any 
ether Cause. jm 

Nothing farther of the proeeedings of your State upon this Smb* 
jeet than what I haTe from these Memorialists, whieh I am inclined 
to pay the more Attention to from the Consideration of the Character 
of the Gentlemen who sign it. It is with pain I ha^e heard their 
Complaints, bein^ conTitt<M it hvth been the Intention of your Oofu 
emment to comp^ with its enfagenents and do them Justiee. But 
as Citisens who elaim rights under this Ooremment, they are entitled 
to Attention ; and I therefcM^ give you the Contents of their Memoi 
rial. I doubt not if personal reseiltiAent httth mingled itself In UhI 
proeeedings of your Stat^ it hath tal[en Place more in the ezecutiotf 
than in the Object of the Laws, more in the personal resentment and 
jwrty Spirit of those to whom this Duty is committed, Uian in a de- 
sign of the Legislature or Ezeetrtive to do them Injury. At th« 
same time, therefore, that I desire the fevor of your Excellency to 
communicate to me what hath been done on this Subject, I doubi 
not but you will take such MeasuMs, either with the Legislature if 
the Evil originates there, or the Officers of Government in thai 
quarter, if they have transcended their Duty, as will remove the 
Cause of Complaint which aggrie^pes these people. 

The difficulties under which these States have for some Time since 
greatly labored, are nearly at an End« Those internal arrangements 
which more immediately demand the attention of each respective 
State upon the close of Uie War, will soon be accomplished, and we 
shall, I doubt not, find it equally convenient to either State to run 
and establish a regular & final Boundary between them, an Event 
not among the most inconsiderable of the Blessings of Peace. 

I have the Honor to be, with Sentiments of perfect Esteem and 

your Excellency's most obedient 

and most Hum. Servant, 


His Excellency John Dickinson. 

Prbs. DioKiNsoif TO Thomas Smith, 1788. 

June 14, 1783. 

In Compliance with your Request by Letter on the 24*^ of last 
Month, Council will ^now give their Opinion on the Questions 

As to the first, the General Assembly having, by an Act for the 
Settlement of public Accounts; passed the Day before the Law 


mtotioned by yoU| yested ^'fiill Powers in a Commissioneri for 
liquidaUng & selling in specie Yslae, «U Geriifioates given for sup- 
ples by public Officers to Individuals, and other Claims against the 
United States of America by Indiyidaals for supplies furnished to 
thj^army, the Transportation thereof & contingent Ezpences thereon 
wubin this State/' We apprehend that the CerUficatea alluded to, 
would be thus liquidated & settled by the said Commissioner before 
they are presented to you for payment of a year's Interest 

As to the second — ^We think that the persons claiming payment 
of Interest under the Act, should give the necessary proof of these 
Fants — ^for it's that the. Certificates were <»iginally issued from the 
lioan Office of this State to persons who then were or since become 
Gitisens. of this State, or were give^. or granted for Articles 
furnished, of service done and performed by persons who then were 
Citisens of this State — secondly, that the persons claiming are now 
^ actually resident within the same/' 

By ^* reasonable proof," may reasonably be understood such proof 
as in your Judgement is satisfactory Evidence of Truth. You will 
call for every Voucher & Document that can assist you to make a 
Seterminstion, k which can be obtained. If Dojabts remain, the 
Claimant must produce, if he.caHi sufficient Testiqaony to remove 
them, or fail in his Demand. * 

As to the third — It seems to us that the Interest on tho Certifi- 
cates therein referred to, should be computed according to the 


I am, uhj with much respect, 

Your obedient and very humble servant, 


14»^ June, 1788. 

Fra's HoPKiNSoi? TO Pees. Dickinson, 1783. 

To His EsoeUenoy the President & Honourable the Supreme Execu- 
tive Council. 

Gentlemen : 

Agreeable to Law & Usage, T enclose my Account of Fees received 
as Judge of the Court of Admiralty for the Quarter ending the 13^^ 
lost., & amounting to £73 4, duly certified by the Register. 

Praying your Honours to grant me a Warrant on the Trcaaurv 
for £50 on account of Salary, I have the Honour to be^ with all 

Gentlemen, Tour most obedient 
and very humble servant, 



Samuel Hodgdon to (Council, 1783. 

Philadelphia, 18tb Jane, 1783. 

SooD after the reduotioD of Fork, Congress ResoWed — that two 
Pieces of Ordnance, six Pounders properly inscribed, should be 
presented to Count de Grass ; two pieces were accordingly left here 
for that purpose^ but through mistake in March last thej were 
deliyered the State of Penna. in lieu of two received from them at 
the commencement of the War. A favourable opportunity now 
presents for sending them to France, and as others cannot be bad 
timely, I am directed by the Secretary at War to request your 
honorable board would give an Order for the return of those men- 
tioned upon an assurance of their being replaced as soon as two 
others can be brought on from the Army ; the Carriages belonging 
to the pieces are not wanted, as we have those on board that are 
more suitable. Should be much obliged by an early answer. 
With profound respect, 
I am, Gentlemen, 

Your most Obedient Servant, 

Com'y. Mil. Stores. 

Hon'ble The Supreme Executive Council. 

18th June, 1783. From Sam. Hogdon, Esq., Com'y M. Stores. 
28th June — Ordered that Mr. Stiles be directed to deliver the two 
pieces of Ordinance, Six pounders, which became the property of 
this State upon the reduction of York in Virga., to Sam. Hodgdon, 
Esq., upon his receipt & engagement to rephice them as soon M 

Pres. Dickinson to Col. Humpton, 1783. 



If the Soldiers from Lancaster do not voluntarily submit & put 
themselves upon their march for that place, I think it absolutely 
necessary that they should be disarmed k sent under a Guard. 

If you will have occasion for the Assistanob of the Militia yea 
will pleaae to give, the intelligence. 

60 fmsBTijVAmk AfioHtyss nsd. 

I am informed that a][>oiit forty men have joined tbe others since 
Saturday. I desire that these Men nay be iastantly disarmed, & 
ordered instantly to quit the City & its neighhoorhood^ & to repair 
to tMr respective flomes. - < ' 

I am with the . 

greatest Esteem^ Sir, 

, j.oar nyo^ obed't ten^l, 


June 26th, 1788. ' 

CoIL HwnptoD. 

On Tuesday, the 24th of Jone, I veo^d a note from the President 
of Congress between 8 & 4 o'Glook — that note a^joorned the CoB"* 
gress to meet at Prinoeton on the Thursday following. 

Tnesdi^ night we kept guard at; the Bank on Intelligenoe reo'd thai 
it was to be attacked by the soldiers. Oenl. Irvine £ myself up all 
night ; Oenl. Ewing indisposed. 

On Wedn'y Eyeninff the^ soAdiers paraded before my House — 
were addressed in obeidieno^ td orders, put themselves under the 
command of their offieersj & retired peaceably to their Quarters in 
the Barracks. 

On Thursday, at 12 o'Clock, the soldiers from Lancaster submitted 
to Command, & that Evening began their March to Lancaster undes 
their officers. 

M. L. 



The Minister of France, who has been a witness of the last 
transactions of this Day, has obligingly offered to convey to Con- 
gress my account of their happy comuusion. He is now waiting to 
receive it in my House, and that Circumstance with the great 
Fatigues I have lately undergone, having been up all the last night, 
will, I hope, apologize to Congress for this short & imperfect 

This Day, about twelve o'Clock, Council received from the Com- 
mittee of officers appointed by the Soldiers in the Barracks, theb 
requesti^ attended with a Petition of pardon from Council for their 

As their proposals contained no sabttission to Congress, Conneil 
unanimously informed those of the Committee who attended, that 
we should not take their proposals into oonsideittion^ttnkss thoy 


ahould first mtke a full and satisfactory snbmissioii to Congress, and 
we directed the attending members of their Committee to com- 
mnnicate this unalterable Kesolution of Council to them. 

This was immediately done, and at the same moment Orders 
were issued by Council for a Guard of five hundred men to be im- 
mediately assembled, and for the Militia of the City and Neigh- 
bourhood to hold themselves in readiness for action on the shortest 
notice, having received intelligence that an attack upon us waa 
intended this afternoon. 

The negooiation for the desired submission was continued, and 
with the prudent and highlv commendable management of Colonel 
Humpton so well conducted that six of the leading Serjeants among 
the Soldiers first attended me, submitted and impm)bed two ofliceni| 
a Mr. Carberry, deranged, and a Mr. Sullivan. Colonel Humptoi^ 
and a number of Citisens then repaired to the Barracks, and thiv 
afternoon, just at Dark, all the Soldiers, except some of those lately 
from Lancaster, appeared without their arms nefore my House. 

I then addnest wem, reminded them of their unprecedented and 
henioua faults — approved the Evidence given of their dutiful dispo- 
sition — insisted on their instantly putting themselves under the 
command of their officers, and yieldifig to them a proner obedience 
— that as a stronger proof of the Disposition mentionea, they should 
at the end of twenty-four Hours use their arms to reduce the Sol- 
diers who lately came from Lancaster to obedience, unless in that 
time they should of themselves return to obedience and put them- 
selves on their march for that Town under the command of such of 
their Officers as should be in this City^ in which service the Militia 
should co-operate with them. 

The Soldiers being dismissed were ordered to retire to their quar^ 
ters in the Barracks under the Command of their Officers, & they 
instantly obeyed. I am informed by Officers in whom I am per- 
suaded I may confide, that the Mutiny is suppresti except among 
some of the Lancaster Soldiers. 

I told the others, that in Consequence of their good Behaviour I 
should recommend them to Congress for pardon — and I hope that 
they will act in such a manner as to obtain a Restoration to the 
favor of Congress. — ^I shall give orders for the apprehending of the 
two Officers. 

I am Sir, &c., &c.^ 

Philada., June 26th^ 1783. 

His Excellency The President of Congress. 

♦ See Col. Rec, Vol. XHI., p. 6 12. 


Prbb. Dickinsok to Prb8. of Gongrbss, 1788 


Yesterdaj Eyening the Soldiers from Laneaster began tbeir March 
Ibr that Plaoe, under the Command of their Officers. Those in the 
Barracks behave very quietlji & are desirous of being dismist. 

Colonel Hampton informs me that Letters were sent by the prin- 
cipal authors of the late Disturbanoe, to excite General Armand's 
Legion and Colonel Mojlan's Regiment, to join in the Mutiny. The 
present Disposition of those Troops I know not ; But I expect to 
Tcoeive immediate advice of any movement of Importance among 
thefflj which I shall communicate to Congress. 
I am Sir, your very Vble servt., 

Philadelphia, July 27th, 1788. 

Mr. Thomson, who does the Honor of charging himself with the 
Letter, will deliver to Congress a Copy of the last proposals of the 
aoldiers to Council, & of the Act of Council thereon. 

His Excellency, the President of Congress. 

Lieut. Col. A. S. Depjszstw, to Major Douglas^ 1783. 

Detroit, June 29th, 1783. ; 

Your letter addressed to Mr. Elliot has been brought in here open 
by an Indian, & delivered^ to n^e^ I therefore dispatch Mr. Elliott 
into the Indian*c6untrj. to meet you & cooduot you to this place. 
I desire therefore for your own safety that you may not enter into 
any negotiations with the Indians till your arrival here, where a 
Oen'l Council with the Chiefs of the several Nations is at present 
called, therefore any deviation from the measures already taken may 
be detrimental to the whole. 

I am, Sir your most obed. Servt., 

Lieut. Col., Commanding Detroit 
Major Douglass. 



Sbc'y Abmstronq to thb Sheriffs, 1788. 

Philadelphia, Julj^ 30tb, 1788. 
I have the directions of Council to desire you forthwith to take 

effectual measures for apprehending and securing a certain 

Nagel, late Serjeant of the third Pennsylvania Regiment, who, it is 
said, is gone from hence to the County of Berks. He is charged 
with having excited the late disturbances among the Soldiery in this 
City. Council depend much on your exertions in this Business, and 
request you to conduct it ^ith as much secrecy as possible ; should 
he be so fortunate as to secure him, you will immediately inform 
Council thereof, when they will take further order respecting him. 
I am. Sir, your obedient & very humble servt., 


To the Sheriff of the County of Berks. 

A similar Letter written to the Sheriff of the County of Berks to 
apprehend Captains Henry Carberry and James Sullivan of the 
Penna. Idne. 

Conference with Indians, 1783. 

A Council held with the Chiefs & Warriors of the Six Nations & 
their Confederates at the Council Fire kindled at the Onondago Set- 
tlement, losioha, July 2d, 1783. 

Lieut. Coll. Butler. 
1 Bowen, 
Lieutenants, y Dooksteder, 

) Jacob Servois. 
Mr. Wilkinson, Scc'y. 
Mr. N. Stephens, Interpreter. * 
Abeel, a Seneca Chief, spoke as follows : 

Brothers, Two of our young men (Oneidas,) went from their Yil- 
lage without the advice of any of our Chiefe, to Canawarohare (a 
Village settled by some Oneidas who have acted in favor of the 
Americans during this war) as a visit to their relations & acquaint- 
ances. Shortly after their arrival 40 of the Americans came to th^ 
same Village & informed they wore on their way to view the 6 
Nation Indian's Country & to build a House at Onondago for Oen. 
Schuyler. Next morning the Chiefs came and saluted the two young 
men in the usual manner, after wbioih they expressed their sorrow 
that the Chiefs of the Six Nations did not attend a Counoil with 
Oen. Schuyler last spri )g, agreeable to his reauest. They then 
reported Gen. Schu} lcr*s speech in Council as follows : 


Brothergi ^^ I im direoied by CoDgress to call yon together & in- 
form ^OQ that Peaoe is at last agreed on between the Kings of Great 
Britain^ France, Spain and the Americans. The great spirit above 
has helped & giTen va snooess, & with the assistance of France have 
conquered the King of England. We are now Masters of this 
Island k can dispose of the lands as we think proper or most con- 
yenient to oorselTea. That the Bang of England can never hereafter 
make the lei9t claTm to any nart of it At the commencement of 
ihiB war many of oar People left as, some went to Niagara ft others 
to different places where the King's troops lay ; these people have 
forfbitod every part of their lands & property to us for so doing, 
which mastM a cdivineing proof that we are the conquerors. At 
that time I requested the Six Nations to lay still & not interfere in 
this war ; but no attention was paid to my advice, they therefore are 
now in the same ntuation with those people who left us, their lands 
forfeited in the same manner. As we are the Conquerors we claim 
the lands & property of all the white people as well as the Indians 
who have left b fought agm/ituB. We enquired of the King 
what he intQpded. to do for the Indianoy as we expected that ha 
would have been very particular about them. He being the person 
who should have considered their situation ; but the King answered| 
What can 1 dof Nothing ! You have conquered me therefore do 
with them what you pUaaeJ* 

'^ However, it is not yet so bad with the Indians, as they can 
move across the Lakes, those parts still belong to the King. I 
desire you (the Oneidas) to acquaint the Chiefs, ftoa., of the six 
Nations with what I have now said, and that they have no assist- 
ance to expect from either the Xing or Congress in future. All 
the upper Posts are now our property, and I expect to go in a short 
time to speak to the six Nation Indians, k should they not meet k 
give me full satisfaction between this place k Fort Stanwix on my 
way up I shall then prepare myself as a WarriQ)*i proceed thro' 
their Country to humble their pride, k make them my prisoners, &ca. 
I shall look upon the Oneidas k Cayagas In a more favorable light 
than the other Nations, as two of the Cayacas -"Iiave beeu. with me 
during the war. The Six Nations must not by i^iiy means whalever, 
be stopt by Col' Butler, k should he at any time ikll into our lumdS| 
he undoubtedly will be hanged." . • *• ^r , * *' 

When this speech was delivered -io Brig* GeiP BI*I»iRi, (le 0m^ 
tradioted it flatly k declared to the Six Nations, thti'iflMtd 0I49 s 
fabricated by some designing bad people — ^That he could tUnuri 
them, such a speech never had been made by Oen^ Schuyler, ^ihajj 
he never authorised any other person to make it for him ; lul^ her 
(Brigadier Oen> McLean) cOtil^ iMsure the Six Nations, the be^did 
not believe the United Sutes had* any intention of driving the In- 
dians out of their Country, tliat^eing a measure contrary to their own' 
interest^ A that they were not to l^eljeve such idle stories, but shut 


their ejea agaiiMit such designibg bad people ; To liaten only to 
what he would tell them, & he ahould always tell them the truth. 

Tnmsmitted Gen^ Sohuyler, m copy of this from Albany of the 2« 
of August, 1783. 


Secr'y. Armstronq to Thomas Scott, 1788. 

Secy* Office, Pa. 

By order of Council, I enclose a Copy of a letter lately received 
from the Governor of Virginia; as the trustees of the peace of 
Pennsylvania, & the rights of its Citizens, Council feel themselves 
obliged to attend to every oomplaint which may be offered against 
those who are entrusted with the execution of Her laws, however 
improper the oharacter of oomplaint may be. It is the object 
therefore of this letter to enquire into the grounds of the charges 
exhibited by Mr. Harrisson, & to request your repoii upon iha Sub- 
ject as soon ss possible. 

I am. Sir, with muoh Bespeot, Yoan, &o. 

J. A., 


1783, July 2nd. 

Sbcr'y. Armstrong to John Litkbnb, S. G., 1788. 

In Council, July 2*, 1783. 

In consequence of some late information that combinations have 
been formed in this City, & elsewhere to engross large tracts of the 
best part of that land which has been assigned by law for the re* 
demption of the depreciation certificates and pUns have been laid to 
oonceal the relative value of the lots, &o. to be laid out by yon, &o.y 
Ac. I have the directions of Council to express at onoe their orders 
ft desire that in the execution of your business all abuse of trust 
may be guarded against with the utmost eare ft assiduity, ft that 
the late instructions of Council unon this subject be striotly adher'd 
to. I need not sugsest how muco the hopes, wishes ft intentions of 
government wouldHbo defeated by a successful combinatioa of this 


There is a second pcnnt upon which Coancil hsTc their apprehen- 
sions. Their information on this head is derived from the same 
source. It is this, that some arts will certainly he tried to lead the 
people whom jon may employ in laying out this Country — to hrcak 
in upon that tract, which has heen set apart for the accommodation 
of the Troops. Should this be done, much uneasiness to the State 
& great injury to the Soldiery will follow — to prevent both it be- 
comes an object of much concern to Council, & a very important 
part of your business that the boundary as pointed out by law — 
should be defined with the utmost Care & precision. 
With much respect. Your 

Most Obd* Hum. Servant, 

JNO. ARMSTRONG, jr., Jr., 


Pees. Dickinbon to Gen. Howe, 1783. 

In Council, July 3', 1783. 

I am obliged to yon for the politeness with which you have com- 
municated the order you have received, by your letter of yesterday. 
Your Character induces Council to rely upon the assurance given as 
to the Rule of your Conduct & of those under your Command. 
I am with the greatest & 
sincerest Esteem Sir, your 
most obedient & most 
humble servaot, 

Indarsedf— To Major Gen. Howe in Philada. 

Pres. Dickinson to Brig. Gen. Irvine, 1783 

» In Council, July 3*, 1783. 

; Sir, 

We are obliged to yon for the communication in your Letter of 
the 3' last ; and have given such Instructions to the Surveyor Gene- 
ral, as we hope, will be of nsC; in preventing the Mischief appre- 
i We wish to do every thing we can for the Benefit of the State, & 

I for rendering Justice to the Officers & Soldiers; and; therefore 

I should certainly appoint some Military gentlemen to act in Con- 

I junction with the surveyor, if we had the power. 


The Measure would in all probability be advantageous ; and we 
thould be pleased if your pmdenoe would avail itself of your situa- 
sioD, to secure the Pennsylvania Line against the Schemes of those 
projectors, who prefer their own gain to more generous Considera- 

We should also be glad if you would procure due Care to be 
taken of the two Tracts appropriated to the State^ and prevent the 
Timber from being destroyed. 

I am^ Sir, with the greatest 

k Sincerest Esteem, your 
most obd* hble. Serv% 


1783, July 3rd. To Brig. Ocd. Irvine, Com. at Fort Pitt 
Gen. Irvine. 

Sheriff of Bucks Co. to Secr't. Armstrong, 1783. 

Beading July 3, 1783. 

Sheriff Ereamer being absent at a Considerable distance from 
Town when the Dispatches from you arrived ; I judged it necessary 
as Deputy Sheriff to open them, and on his behaljf acquaint you 
that Sergeant Nagle having been committed to the Oaol of this 
County, some days ago, by Justice Levan for boasting of bis mutin- 
ous and Seditious, behaviour towards his Excellency the President 
and the honorable Congress, was this day delivered to Sergeant 
Beetle, who was sent for him by Col. Butler, who has taken him 
strongly hand-cuffed and under a Guard to Lancaster. 
I am, with great respect, 
Your obedient hum. Serv^, 

Directed, — (On public service.) 

John Armstrong, Jun', Esq., Secretary to the Supr*"* Executive 
Council, Philad*. 


David Sproat to Prba. Dickikson, 1788. 

New York, July 6th, 1783. 

Sinee my ttppointment to be Comminnry of Prisonen your 
Ezcelleiioy msy easily be informed, that I have at all times coDtri- 
bated as mnch as it has been in my power to roliere their distress 
and make confinement as oomfortable to them as possible. 

No fund being appropriated to famish them with clothing, beding, 
&«,, which they stood very mnoh in need of; every Fall of the 
year, after Jkiaking a requisition to the American commissary to 
sbpply them, I set a Suoscription on foot to raise money for that 
purpose and never failed in procuring the sum wanted, untill la^ 
year Giroumstances joined to prevent it. As no public oharge was 
ever intended to be made, no particular account was ever kept of the 
individuals to whom the different articles were issued, some of the 
prisoners got more and others less according as their wants required, 
without regard to the Country or State they came from. 

In the Month of January last, aft^r the prisoners had been chiefly 
supplied with their winter Clothing & beding, a Shallop arrived here 
from Philadelphia with about 180 Bis. of Flour and some potatoes, 
addressed to a M' Robins of this place, with instructions to him to 
apply the proceeds in purchasing neoessaries for the prisoners 
banging, as be said to that State only. I expected that he wouM 
have gone hand in hand with me in the business, however he has 
never paid me any part of that money which amounted to at least 
.X800 the profits on which was sufficient to supply the whole of the 
Pennsylvania prisoners here at that time, but he objeeted to the 
peatest part ot them, in particular to the whole of those taken in the 
S* Carolina who mast have perished had I not supplied them, and 
they were chiefly belonging to your State, a oiroumstance which 
perhaps M' Robins' constituents did not know when they gave him 
those orders. 

Inclosed I send a Copy of the account by M' Francis Oumey who 
has seen the vouchers and will explain the matter more fully to your 
Excellency who's known Character leases no dOnbt with me, thAt 
you will be pleased to take such steps for my reimbursement, of the 
part you think equitable to pay, for the honor of the State over 
which you preside. With every sentiment of esteem and most 
perfect regard, 

I have the honor to be. 

Tour Excellency's most obedient, 
humble Servant, 

His Excellency Gov' Dickinson. 


Dblbgates in Congress to Prbs. Dickinson, 1783. 

PriDccton, July 7, 1783. 
We have the honor to Acknowledge the receit of your Excel- 
lency's letter of the b*^, and to transmitt herewith, the papers you 

The paragraph you are pleased to particularize in the Report of 
the Committee appears to want precision, & to he Capahle, of a 
cpnstnictipn, which we really helieye was not Intended. We will 
moye eraoh an amendment as will better Express the fact, & what 
yrt oonceiye to be the Intention of the Committee ;, & we have not 
the Smallest doubt but Congress will agree it. If there are any 
other papers, that Council may think necessary, they will please to 
Signify their pleasure to us, & we shall think it our duty to procuro 
them, & to Communicate every material transaction that Occurs 
during our attendance here. 

We are with Great Respect, 
y ExcelU" m~» hble. Serv*% 


Col. Rich. Butlbr to Prbs. Dickinson, 1783. 

Lancaster, July 9«% 1783. 

. I have reo' a letter of the 3' Inst, from Major General Howe 
directing returns of the troops here, those furlough*' provisions & 
ainoe the mutiny with prders to re-call those who were oonoemed in 
the troubles & to take back their furloughs 3 This I apprehend will 
be difficult, they being Scatter^ into so many different parts of the 
country but as it is an order from a Superior, however impolitiok it 
may be, T shall endeavour to execute it. 

1 have had Sergeant Nagle bro't from Reading by three of the 
Active mutineers, who I sent for him, two others of the princples & 
one Abettor, are ia this town gaol iu Irons, another capital fellow 
one Smith, who assumes the title of a Serjeant, a british deserter, is 
still about the city. I think him a very proper object for punish- 
ment add refer to your Excellencys opinion the propriety of ad*, 
vertising him, inclos' is his description & the deposition against Seij^ 
Nagle. I have wrote Qen^ S* Clair respecting a tryal. 

I have felt a little uneasy at the Congressional reflections on the 
State, hope when they cool they will think better of the State of 

I have the honor to be Sir, with 
the greatest respect & Friendship, 
your Excellencys most Obd* Hub. St.| 
R. BUTLER, Col», 3*, 

P. B. Comdg. 
His Excellency John Dickinson, Esquire, President. 
Vol. X.— 4 


Brig. Gen. McLean to M. Douglass, 1783. 


Brigadier Gen^ McCeao presents his compliments to Mr. Dong- 
lass, and Cap <Macullj, & requests the favor of their company to 
dinner to-morrow at three O'Clock. A verbal message bj the 
Servant will be sufficient. 

The Brigadier will be much obliged to Mr. DouglasSi if ho will 
be so good as to send him to-morrow a copy of kis^ instrnctionsi & 
of the resolve of^ Congress to be transmitted to the Commander in 
Chief in Canada to facilitate business. 

Sunday Evening, 13*^ July, 8 O'Clock. 

Ephbaim Douglass, to Gen. McLean, 1783. 


Niagara, 16« July, 1783. 

After having already so fully communicated to you my instrac- 
tfons from the Sec^ at War. The resolve of Confess whereon they 
are founded — my wishes in obedience to these instructions k my 
earnest desire of having an opportunity of communicating them to 
the ChiefJB of the Indian Nations, a repetition of any part thereof 
would now be as useless as improper; but that my character may 
be defended from the imputation of irresolution, negligence or 
want of alacrity in the execution of my duty, I take the liberty 
to request that yod would iavor me in writing with your reasons for 
declining to suffer me to assemble the Ohie£, &nd to make known 
to them the message I am charged with by the United States: And 
from the personal civilities I have already received, as well as from my 
opinion of your character, I flatter myself ^ou will readily grant 
me this request. 

I am, with all possible respect 
Sir, Tour most Obed. Servant, 

Hon'ble Brig' Gen^ M'^Lean, Command* at Niagara. 


Gkn. McLean to Major Douglass, 1783. 

Niagara, 16th July 1783. 

I am favored with jour letter of this date, in answer to which, 
I am to iuform jou that it is roj wish, & ought to be that of every 
honest man to promote friendship, cordiality and reconciliation 
between the subjects of great Britain and the citizens of the United 
States and that I shall for my part always follow that role — You Sir, 
have been so obliging as to deliver me a copy of your Instructions 
together with the resolve of Congress, upon which they are founded 
& I should have been happy to have had it in my power to comply 
with yeur wishes but circufastanced as I am in a subaltern station 
it was out of my power, until I had received the orders of the 
Commander in chief. My sentiments on that head, I had the 
honour to communicate to General Lincoln Secretary at War to the 
United States, by a letter dated 16th of May, last. An additional 
reason that weighed greatly with me, and rendered it impossible for 
roe to admit the publication of your instructions, was, that part of 
them were conceived in terms that I judged to be unnecessary, if not 
improper, and must have been a reflection on any British Offioer 
that would give his consent to their being published. I apprehend 
Congress to be unacquainted with the situation in which I stand 
with respect to Indians, there are 3,000 of them victualled here 
daily ; these, in fact, are a part of this Oarrison, as to provision & 
cloathing — and the impression that the communicating your instruc- 
tions to them ; would (in my opinion) briog on disputes that might 
be disagreeable to the service & the troops under my command, & 
for which I should be justly blamed, till I had received the sanction 
of the Commander in Chief. The pacific disposition- of the United 
States to the Indian Na^ons, I communicated to them, when E; 
received Gen'l Lincoln's letter, & I shall repeat it by the Super- 
intcndant immediately — ^you are now acquainted with the pacific 
disposition of the Indians & I can assure you, there is nothing they* 
wish for with greater anxiety, than peace and friendship 9ith the 
United States. They have fore some time past been greatly alarmc<{ 
at the several severe messages said to be sent them from Albany, 
but I have endeavored to quiet their apprehensions on that score. 
I cannot conclude without declaring, that in my hiimble ^pitiion Con- 
gress could not have employed any Man better qualified than your- 
self for carrying on a negotiation with the Indian Nations & I greatly 
lament for the reasons 1 have mentioned, that it is but of my power; 
to act otherwise than I have done, until! have the authority 
of my superiors, which I shall transmit by a flag of Truce to the' 
State of New Ycirk, the moment I receive them. 

I have the honor to be &~, 

Directed, — To Bphraim Douglass, Esqr. 



Dklsoatbs dt (yOHGBSss TO Pbbs. Diceinson, 1783. 

c PrincctoD, Jalj 16, 1783. 


The Letters with whieh the Delegates were honored respecting the 
farther Proceedings relatiTe to the Mutineers were dnij reoeiTed & 
the Enclosures oommunicated to Congress. Your Ezoellenej's 
Explanation of your Gonduct in oppoation to the Misrepresentations 
contained in Serjeant Nagle's Deposition has also heen laid before 
Congress. The Papers jour BxceUenqj wishes to hare furnished 
cannot be found at present in the Secretary's Office. A further 
Seareh will be made & if more suceessfnl the Papers shall be sent. 
It is presumed Counoii hsTe the originals of whioh it is conoeiTcd 
only copies were transmitted. 

I have the Honour to be 

with great Respect & Esteem 

your very obd. Serrant, 

To His Excellency President Dickinson. 

Extracts PRQM a Letteb, 1783. 

Pittsburgh, July ISth, 1783. 
Sir, , 

I take the earliest opportunitj of informing you & Council of 
some designing People in this Quarter, in raising disturbances 
amongat the Ignorant People, vis'* * * * * ♦ 
I' am informed |tbat they have Reported, that there is a Remon- 
strance laid before the Assembly of Virginia, to have an appeal to 
Congress in regard to the boundary lately agreed on Between this 
State and that of VirgiDia, & to have commissioners reappointed to 
Run a Line agreeable to the Meanders of the Delaware, that the 
Line is not finall v settled & that by taking the Line in the manner, 
mentioned it would be much in favour of the State of Virginia & the 
People who would wish to live out of the State, by spreading these 
Reports it Creates an uneasiness amongst those' People who would 
be food to take hokl of any thing that would offer to Screen them- 
sf)lves from the Law of this State, Council well knows that these 
People have always been dissaffected to this Oovemroent, some 
eBipctual steps ought to be taken to fix the boundary finally, other- 
wise, we sfaall always be troubled with these kind of People, if you 
should think that the hint I have given will be off service, you'll 
excuse me for troubling you with this Letter, & I shall be happy in 
haviug it in my power to serve the State. ♦ ♦ ♦ # 


Georqb Bryan to Pres. Dickinson, 1783. 

22clJulj, 1783. 
Sir, . 

I attended carefully to the enquiry which your excellency was 
pleased to reccommend to me yesterday. Upon going to the Cor- 
runer's house, which is nigh to mine, I learned from Mrs. Rush, that 
he had held an inquisition on the body of Molineaux, lately killed 
in a violent manner. 

This morning Mr. Rush himself was with roe. He represents the 
aflfair as follows ; that about ten in the Evening, two persons were 
passing thro Cedar Street near the wharf, when one of them heard a 
cry, near by *< I am stabbed :" that he immagined that it was the 
voice of his companion, & interfering, layed hold of a man, two 
others running off at same time clad in short cloathes like seamen ; 
that his Companion asked him <* what are you about 7" To which 
the other said, << I thought you were stabbed" ** No, was the reply, 
I am safe," Upon which the prisoner was let go. The saylors aa 
they seemed to be, went down street towards the wharf. Molineaux 
never spoke afterwards, but died in 5 or 6 minutes. 

The Coroner further tells me, that he introduced the Evidence to 
the Chief Justice, lest he might be blamed for the darkness of thU 
homicide, which perhaps will Qcyer be explained. 

Shall I presume to hint to vour Excellency, that in such cases 
rewards have sometimes brought forth witnesses. In this citse, It 
might shew a laudable exertion in the Executive power to protect 
foreigners of whatever nation ; for I presume the deceased was a 
Britbh Subject, besides the deed is in its nature highly mena- 
cing. But this Idea, I submit to your Excellency's better judgment| 
hoping you will excuse my mentioning it. 
I am 

may it please your Excellency 
your Excellencies, 

most obed't hum Servt, 


P. S. I should haxp done myself the honour of waiting on you 
in person this morning, had I not taken medicine for my cold. 

To His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq. Pres. of the State of 

* See Proclamation in Col. Rec, Vol. XIII., p. e2^. 


Elias Boudikot to Pbbs. Dickinson, 1783. 

PriDceton, 26 Jolj, 1783. 
Dear Sir, 

I hare the bon'or of inclosing yonr Excellency the copy of a pri- 
Tate letter I lately reoeiyed from a Member of GongreaSi while in 

I oar City. I incloae. it for yonr information, aa I think * * * 
eing the oonfidcotial friend of Carberry & SnlliTan, may be likely 
to know more of their Schemes than any other person. 
I have the honor to be, 

with great respect, 

yonr Excellency's 
Olied' k very hnmb. Senr*, 

Directed, — His Eieellency John Dickinson, Esq., Presid. Ac, of 
Elias Dondinoi. 

Philadelphia, 17 July, 1783. 

I dined yesterday at Bristol in company with a Mr. * * *.of 
Chester, who informed me that it was to his house Carberry and 
Sullivan came when they fled frooi the City, Carberry being an old 
acquaintance of his. That they made him acquainted with their 
situation, and told him they put their lives in his hands, and that 
he must shelter them till they could make their escape. That he 
inform'ed them of a British Ship, outward bound then lying in the 
Biver, and, at their deiure, went on board and applied for a pas- 
sage for them. That the Captain informed him that the Births were 
taken up, and he could not receive them unless the passengers con- 
sented. That no objections being made, the two men left his house 
& went on board about 12 o'clock in the night of the same day they 
came down. He informed me they came on Horse back, and 
brought a black boy with them to take the horses back. 

« ♦ ♦ gives Carberry a very good name, but says Sullivan talked 
in a strange way — that he took him to be in liquor — that he had a 
pair of loaded pistols with him and swore .he never would be taken 
alive — that if it was attempted lie would shoot somebody with one 
of the pistols and with the other blow his own brains out. 

This is the best account I have heard of the escape of these men, 
and I communicate it to your Excellency, rather with a desire of 
satisfying you, as to the manner of it, than from an expectation that 
such inforioiation will be of use to the Public. * * * who assisted 
them, does not seem conscious of having done wrong. How far he 
is culpable by the laws of the State, I cannot undertake to say. 

I am, &c., 
B, M« * * * 


Provingb Island Hospital, 1788. 


The Trudtees of tho Province Island, otherwiee State Island, have 
appointed Nicholas Fitzsimons to be keeper of the Hospital there. — 
Colonel Bayard, who is gone oat of Town, has good recommenda- 
tions of him. It is hoped he will execute the trust with satisfaction 
to the honorable Board. 

We are Sir, 

Your most obd. Servants, 
Philadelphia, 26<* July, 1783. 
To Mr. Secretary Armstrong. 

Com. of Taxes of Bucks Go. to Pees. Dickinson, 1788. 

Bocks County, July SI-*, 1783. 

This acknowledges the Receipt of a Letter from Mr. Secretary, 
dated the 24th Instant, together with the Duplicate of another of 
the 20th of May last, respecting the arrearages of Taxes in this 
County, particultfly those of the class and effective Supplies. In 
answer thereto we would wish to assure tho Honorable Council, that 
we have not been inattentive to their Notices on this Subject; 
knowing also the Demands of the Law therein, as well as the public 
Neoessities, we have constantly endeavoured to fulfil our Duty ; And 
though our Exertions have not had the desired Effect in its fullest 
Extent, we yet trust, & have good Reason to believe, that, generally 
through the County our Sucoess has been equal to the Abilities of 
the People. The War left them poor and since its Condnsion they 
have not had Time nor wherewith to enrich themselves. In this Sense 
we humbly conceive its Effects do still operate. Notwithstanding 
these Considerations we have urged them hard ; the Collectors have 
been notified often, threatened and summoned to answer for Delin- 
quency — their Plea constantly is an absolute scarcity of Money \ in- 
somuch that when they distrain for Tax, they cannot sell, especially 
where the Goods belong to the Persons who used to pay freely when 
they could ; and in Case of Sale, that the Purchasers themselves 
are often unable to make immediate Payment, though Owners of 
considerable Estates. Knowing, or at least believing from our own 
Observations and Experience, that these Pleas were just, we have 
indeed thought it hard and impolitic to execute the Rigours of the 
Law upon the Collectors; and though some of them may have 
possibly abused the Lenity shown them, either by Remisness, or an 
appropriation of the public Monies to their own Purposes, we do not 
know it, & hope there are but few such. 


HaviDg given jour ExcellcDCj and Council the Causes which 
retard the Collection of the Taxes, in this County, which proceed 
from the Scarcity of money ; we heg leave to mention another very 
disagreeable one, and that is a Difficulty of procuring CollectorSi 
owing priuoipally to the Insults and Abuses of a Band of Robbers, 
who lufest the Middle and upper Parts of the County, and who 
have robbed us of large Sums, which by the Way makes our arrears 
much greater than otherwise they would appear. Men think an 
Appointment of this kind hard in those Parts, as it exposes their 
Persons and Properties to certain Danger, against which they have 
it not in their Power to guard. They consider the Latter, in some- 
Sort as doubly at Stake — liable to be carried off or destroyed by the 
Hand of Violence in Part, and to make good out of what shall re- 
main, the Loss of any public Money of which at the same Time 
they may be deprived. These with other obvious Considerations, 
arising from the Poverty of the People, induce many to choose a 
Pine rather than the Office. New Appointments are made, but 
Time lost. 

But not to trouble your Excellency and Council too much, we 
would just represent further, that from the Information of our 
. County Treasurer, he has paid into the State Treasury, what he 
' thinks our full Quotas of the Class Taxes and Supplies for the Year 
17^1, taking into the Account the Sums lost by Robbery as afore- 
said, and those paid by him to Pcnaoners within the County. With 
Respect to the Supplies for 1782, we must acknowledge the County 
. largely in Arrear, having yet paid on Account thereof, but about 
;£9024, and of the Supplies for 1783, nothing is yet collected. 
Nevertheless Justice to ourselves induoes us to repeat that as Com- 
BUBsioners, we have not been wanting in our Exertions to obtain 
speedy Collections, and Respect to the Supreme Executive of the 
State, superadded to every other just Consideration, directs us to 
assure the Honorable Council that these Exertions shall be con- 
• tinned. 

For the further Information and Order of Council therein, there 
will be delivered herewith, the examination of sundry Persons 
respecting some late Robberies. 

We are Sir, with the greatest 
Respect, your Excellency's, 
and the Uon'*'* Councils, 
humble Servants, 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esquire, President of the State 
of Pennsylvania, in Council. 


Jacob Smysbr to Prbs. Dickinson, 1783. 

YorktowD, August 6th, 1783. 

A Letter from Council dated May the 20^^, very lately oaroo to 
our hands, which urged us to sue a Number of Coilect^rs^ but am 
made sensible of the Distreses of our Inhabitants. 

Upwards of two hundred Head of Cattle have perished last 
Spring in this County, the Crops failed and the Inhabitants dis- 
tressed to no little purpose. 

The Letter of July the 24th seems very feeling and threatning, 
and if closely pursued ruinous to our County, few Individuals could 
Escape the doal, money has no Circulation with our Inhabitants, as 
it can have in other more Populous Places. 

We haye taken every Necessary Step to Discharge the Supplies in 
Arrear, and find it very distressing, and still not Satisfactory to our 
£2:pect>ations. The >Iildew and hail hath destroyed many fields 
of Orain in this County this Year, which is still more threatning to 
us ; and Collectors have already brought Goods to town, upward of 
twenty miles, on which they have distrained for the discharge of the 
Taxes, and met with little encouragement of the Sale. 

Our Treasurer intends going to Philadelphia in a very short time, 
who will give a very Satisfactory Acc^ 

I am with Bespect Sir, Your Excellency's most 
Obedient & Hble, Serv^ 


To His Excellency John Dickinson, Esqr., Presd' of the Supreme 
Executive Council of Philadelphia. 

Pbss. Dickinson to Council, 1783. 

I am not able to attend Council to-day, being a good Deal india* 

May it not h% proper to send a Copy of Governor Harrisons last 
Letter & Incloshre, to the prothonotary of Washington County, with 
Directions to communicate it immediately to all the Judges, Justices 
& Officers of Distinction in that County, and to report to Council 
with all possible Dispatch, the particular Circumstances relating to 
the Cases of Campbell, Cox, Ik the Militia Officers, mentioned in the 
proceedings of the Virginia Assembly. 

I am. Sir, your most obd< serv^, 

Thursday Morning. 
Directed, — G en* ■ E wing. 
Indorsed.— hjkg. 7, 1783. 

* An extract was sent, the letter not found, nor is It printed, See Col. 
Reo. Vol. XIIL p. 689. 

4* * 


Secr'y. Armstrong to Prothonotary op Washington. 
OotJNTY, 17o8. 

7th Aug*, 1788; Seoretaiys Offioe. 

Enolosed ia an extract from a seoond letter lately received from 
the Governor of Virginia, upon the subject oJT our laws & their iU* 
ecution in that tract of Country, which has been ceded to us by the 
agreement of the Slat of August, 1779. It came accompanied by 
a xeaolntion of their last Assemblv — a cop;^ of whiph is also en- 
closed. It is th49 desire of Council that you will communicate these 
papers to the Magistracy of vour County & report to me with all 
possible dispatch, the particular circumstances which attended the 
oases of John Campbellj Col. &c., &c 

I am Sir, &o., 

jr. Secretary. 
Prothonotary of Washington County. ^ 

Sbc'y Armstrong to Tags. Scott, &o., 1788. 

Secretary's Office, 

Philadelphia, Angnst 7% 1788. 

Inclosed is an Extract of a second Letter lately received from the 
Governor of Virginia, upon the subject of our Laws & their Execu- 
tion, in that disputed Tract of Country whicb has been relinquished 
to us by the agreement of the 81*' of Augu-t 1779. It came aocom- 
panied by a lUsolution of their Assembly, a copy of which, together 
with a copy of the Ratification of the agreement afi^resaid by our 
Assembly, on the 28* of Septr, 1780, is inclosed. It is the Direo- 
tion of Council, that yon will immediately oommunicale all thesa 
Papers to the whole Magistracy of your County, informing them, 
that it is the firm & unanimous Besolution of Council, as they are 
convinced it is of our Oen^ Assembly, to adhere inviolably to the 
Stipulations contained in the agreement between the two States^ that 
tboy expect the Magistracy and all well disposed persons who regard 
the Honor er peace of the State will also punctually observe the said 
Stipulations, ft strictly require the same attention to them from 

Council are of opinion, that no persons holding Civil or Military 
offices under the State of Yirginiay should be in.^y manner molested 
for regular acts done by them in either of those capacities in pursu- 


anoe of the Laws of that State prior to the agreement before meur 

You. will please to report to Me with all possible Dispatch the 
particular CiroumBtanees attending the cases of John Campbell, 
iiieut. Colk Coxe, & others alluded to in the inclosed Resolution. 

I am, &Cy 

J, A., Jr., Sec^*. 

August 9^, 1788. To Thomas Scott and Michael Hufinagle, 

GovEBNOA or South Cabolina to Fbbs, Dicsjbson, 1788. 

Government House, 

Charleston, S* Carolina, IS*^ August, 1788. 

The Legislature of this State, baying denred me to write to the 
several Oovemors of the United States, requesting that thej would 
be pleased to furnish me with a list of the names of those Personr, 
who, have been proscribed or banished from their respective States ; 
I therefore to that end, npw do mjself the Honour of addressing this 
mj circular to you, and will be much obliged to jou for your An- 
swer of Compliance with the said Request, as soon as may be conve- 
nient, that! might lay the same before them at their next sitting. 
I have the Honor to be, 

with the greatest Respect, 
Sir, your most Obedient, 

and very Hbble Serv*, 


His Excellenoy. the President of the Executive Conneil of the 
State of Pennsylvania. 


Dickinson, 1788. 

Carlisle, August 14*% 1783. 

We rec* your late letter with a former one inclosed urging the Pay^ 
ment of Public Taxes of our county, previous to which we have wrote 

* Bough draft Ml, wiling of Ftes. DioUaaon, see answer, page 80. 


and otherwise pressed the Collectors of the different Townships to 
their duty and have sued several of them. We are convinced of the 
necessity of raising the public taxes and beg leave to assure jrour 
JBzcellonoj that it b neither inattention in na or want of reflection 
on the important subject that makes an apology for our Condoot 
necessary. With us me arguments derived from the effects of the 
War doth not altogether cease to operate altho of late labour hath 
its price. The Farmer (who -hath been frequently called from his 
Family to Military Service anduinable to obtain Labourers to culti- 
vate his Farm) cannot consistant with his labour make money of his 
present Crop before be hath put in his Seed. We believe the Peo- 
ple in our County in General have a disposition to pay the Taxes as 
far as in their power could they be indulged with time to raise it out 
of their produce notwithstanding the difficulty they labor under for 
want of circulating Cash — Collectors have Distrained and Could not 
sell any property for want of Buyers, some persons indeed who have 
demands on the Public think it very bard to pay.lftxes while large 
sums are due them. We Humbly submit these remarks to your 
Excellency's Consideration and Hopefor indulgence from the Honorap 
ble Council, untill the people have tihie to carry what, they qan spare 
of their produce to Market and in th&meau time we i^Ul not fall to 
use our Inflaence in raising the taxes of our Oountj. 
We have the honor to be 

with all due rcspeot| 

your Excellencies 

Most obe4' & H"« Serv<*, 
JOHN AGNEW,) p^„„ 
SAM. LAIRD, J ^^"^ • 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esquire, President of the Su- 
preme Executive Oouncii, Philadelphia. 

Fav* by Stephen Duncan, E8q^ 

August IS'^, 1788. Letter from Comm'rs of York County. ' 

Thos. Scott to Pres. Dickinson, 1783. 

Washington Connty, August 15% 1788. 
May it please your Excellency : 

I have received Councils Sundry letters inclosing oopys of papers 
lately received from the Governor of Virginia^ and in obedience to 
the orders of Council, beg leave thereupbn to report: 

* See page 79, also CoL Bec«, YoL ZUI., p. 678. 


That I know of no departure from the Compact between the two 
States, and believe there has been none on the part of the Court of 
this County. 

That I know of no ifteasure adopted by this state, or any of its 
officers, whereby the rights of the late Citizens of Virginia are in 
any degree Infringed upon ; were those rights which they are said 
to have held, and whereof, they are said now to be deprived, ex- 
plicitly mentioned, perhaps I would be able to give some satisfaction. 

That I conceive the infringment on landed property stated in the 
memorial, could not possibly happen without act of the Legislature ; 
if the case of M*" Campbell be meant by this suggestion, I know 
nothing of it further than that he hath been prisoner with the 
Indians for some years past, and may have missed of Ingrossing 
large quantities of land at a low price, by Commissioner Certificates ; 
some other of the Inhabitants of Washington County have likewise 
missed of that opportunity, bv means as little Criminal, and I could 
wish to see the whole relieved, and put on an equal footing. 

The case of Col* Cox is shortly thus, prosecutions were Instituted 
against him for assaults and batteries in useing compulsory measures 
to draw forth the Militia of Washington County, By Virtue of 
orders issued by Col^ Penticost in Character of Lieutenant of 
Yougbagania county, for the Service of Gen* Clarks expedition 
down the Ohio in 1781. Which orders, as well the people who were 
thus compelled to service, as the Generality of tbe people of the 
county oould not conceive to have proceeded from the authority of 
Virginia; not only because of the previous agreement of the Several 
Legislatures, but from the orders Given by that state on that occar 
sion, to the Lieutenant of Monangohola county: Viz. that be 
should connne his authority lo the South side of Dixon's & Mea8on9 
Line Extended, although the Greater part of that county lay North 
of that line ; on this Ground as well as on full conviction of the 
Legal extention of the Jurisdiction of this State, the people very 
Generally disobeyed those orders, and these prosecutions were com- 

This being the true State of this Gen' Case, and although his 
conduct on the ocasion was exceedingly disrespectful to the court, 
He coming at the head of a party in a Tnmnltious & contemptuous 
Manner, continuing ahoot the Streets in that manner until evening; 
and the same night an attempt was made upon the house in which 
the court was held, and part of it Thrown down ; yet so far was 
personal resentment and party Spirit from mingling with the 
proceedings of the Court, that a disposition to soften the prosecu- 
tions was observable in most of the officers, and CoP Cox was ac- 
tually acquited. How this Can be termed a Judgement against him 
for a Considerable sum, &c., I cannot understand. It is true that 
on account of his behaviour already mentioned, I charge him Clarks 
fees. There was Indictments against one other Gen* who was also 
acquited and discharged with out fees ; and there is a Suit depend- 


log against two others for things of the same natare, done at the 
8a«« time ; But there never was a decision of Court againat anj 
Virginia officer, as such, for any cause whatever. 
I Have the Honor to be. 

Your £xcelleno'y 
Very Humble Servant, 

Protr of Washington County. 
His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq', President, &o. 

Commis'rs of Taxes of Lancaster, Co. to Council, 1783. 

Lancaster, August 16th, 1783. 

We received your Letters of the 24th: July last, setting forth the 
necessity of collecting the several Tases. the Demands we are per« 
awaded are pressipgly great,, and previous to. your Letter we have 
done every thing in our power (excepting patting the Law in foree,) 
to have the out standing Taxes collected. But there is a difficulty 
arrising in collecting that we are at a loss how to advise in— *8ome 
People have the money by them and those for the most part have 
never give themselvea much concern about the Time of paypneoU 
Others have it not aod has appropriated a great part of their; Tim# 
in serving ihe public and have little or nothing left but publio 
Certificates or unsettled accounts, and appear but just beginning the 
World anew. This latter Class Humanity would advise forbearanoe, 
and how to discriminate is difficult and perhaps dangerous. If People 
could be so good natured as to lend Money to those that wanted| 
The Tazcp n^iffht soon be paid. But those who can spare Money do 
not like to risk it especialy to those who have been most active jn 
the service of their Country. 

However we still hope that as a Bemarkablo Providence has car- 
ried us through a greater DiiOiculty than this, we are in the greate#| 
hopes that er'e long. we will be able to comply with whAt is required 
of us. 

We are Gentlemen 

with much respect 

your obedient and 

very humble Servants, 


To John Armstrong, Esq', Sec''' to the Executive Council) 


Copy of Report of Ephbaim Douolabs to Secy, at Wab, 


Princeton, 18th Angaat, 1788. 

In obedience to the instructions you honored me with on the 6th 
of May last, I have used every endeavour in my power to execute 
in the fullest manner your orders, and give effect to your wishes j 
and though I have not had all the success I at first hoped, I jElatter 
myself the following report will not only shew that I have attempted 
all in my power, but that essential good consequences may justly be 
hoped from my endeavours to obey your Commands. 

On the 7 th of June, I left Fort Pitt and travelling about two 
hundred miles by the old trading path, arrived on the 16th at the 
Delaware & Huron settlements on the Sandusky Kiver, but before 
I reached the Villages I fell in with two young Delawers who had 
known me formerly, appeared rejoiced to see me, and conducted me 
to the principal Town of that Tribe. Captain Pipe who is the 
principal man of the Nation, received me with every demonstratioQ 
of joy, welcomed me in the most friendly manner and treated me 
with greater Civility than is usual with them in time of profound 
Peace. In a speech of gratulation which he delivered on my arrival, 
he felicitated me and my Companions on our safety through a long 
& dangerous wilderness, and himself, on seeing his brethren of the 
United States once more enter his door in a peaeable and friendly 
manner 3 but told me, as his Nation was not the principal one, nor 
had voluntarily engaged in the War, it would be proper for me first 
to communicate my business to the Hurons and Shauneze, and 
afterwards to the Dela wares. That he had announced my arrival to 
the Hurons, and expected such of them as were at home would 
very shortly be over to see and weloom me. This soon happened b^ 
he bad expected, but as none of their Chiefs were present, I declined 
speaking publickly to them, knowing that I could receive no authen* 
tic answer, and unwilliog to expend unnecessarily the Wampum 1^ 
had prepared for this occasion. I informed them for their satisfaction 
of the peace with England, and told them that the United States 
were disposed to be in friendship with the Indians also — desired them 
to send for their head men, particularly for the Half King who was 
eone to Detroit : to send also to the Shauneze and such of the Six 
Nations and Delawares aa live on the Miami River, and that when 
these were all present, I would deliver to them publickly the par- 
ticulars o^the business I was charged with. 

They all readily agreed to this proposal, and returned to their 
homes apparently very well satisfied : but the Hurons nevertheless, 
failed sending to Detroit, partly thro' the want of authority in the 
old men present^ and partly through the assurances of the Wife o£ 


the half Eiog who was confident her Husband would be home in 
two Days, and therefore a journey which would require six or 
seven was altogether unnecessary. 

The Pipe sent away for those on the Miami agreeable to hia 
promise, and learning that Mr. Elliot, one of the agents in the 
Indian Department resided with the Shawneze, and must neoea- 
sarily be acquainted with my coming, I wrote to him by the Pipe's 
Express, requesting him to concur with our Messenger in communi- 
cating to the ShaWneze, that I was charged with a Message from 
the United States and desired them to attend as soon as possible—- 
I also gave him an invitation to be present if he could make it con- 
venient. Though I promised to myself very little from thb Lettery 
I knew it could do no possible harm — and though I did not hope 
he would give himself any trouble to serve me, I thought the possi- 
bility that the compliment of it might prevent his opposition worth 
the trouble of writing it. 

On the evening of the 18th, a runner arrived from the Miami 
with intelligence that Mr. Elliot had received dispatches from 
Detroit announcing the arrival of Sir John Johnson at that placd— 
that in Consequence, the Chiefs and Warriors were desired to repair 
thither in a few Days, where a Council would be held with them. 
They were also directed to take with them the War or Tomahawk 
Belts, which had been delivered to them by the King to strike the 
Americans with. This was an intimation which had .been long ex- 
pected but never till now received; for though they had been 
repeatedfy forbid to continue at War against the Americans the 
Tomahawk had still remained in their hands, which is a deviation 
from the ancient Customs of the Indians^ and therefore the more 
astonishing to them. 

I perceived that this invitation would necessarily draw off a 
number of the principal men, but determined to wait the return of 
our Messengej' before I would take any further resolution, and in 
this suspence I continued till the evening of the 22d, when he re- 
turned with speeches from the Chiefs in that Quarter, im patting 
that they had made every preparation for coming agreeable to owt 
requests to hear what I had to say to them, but just when thej 
were ready to mount their Horses, they were stopped by the arrival 
of ten men who preceded a body of sixty other Southern Indians 
coming upon basiness from the Nations North and East of the Ohio 
and Mississippi Rivers. That in consequence of their coming they 
would be obliged to deUy their visit to us for a few Days, but would 
not fail to come so soon as they heard the business of these peoplcj 
could not however determine how soon. 

The intervention of this unexpected delay, the uncertainty wher^ 
it would |end — the anxiecy of the Sandusky Indians to obey the 
summons from Detroit, the absence of the Half King who was now 
no longer expected till after the Treaty there, and the certainty of 
receiving no answer when he was not in Council^ induces me to 


yield to the imporfdnity of the Pipe, and attend to his representa- 
tions. He pressed me to accompany him to Detroit, assuring me 
that it ironld be useless to wait the coming of the Indians from the 
Miami, that they would spend their time in useless Counseling there 
till the Treaty at Detroit would come on, and that if I even oould as- 
semble them I could obtain nothing from the Interyiew — ^That if the 
Half King was present he would not undertake to give me an answer 
without consulting the Chiefs of the Huron Tribe at Detroit^ and 
that these would determine another without first asking the advice 
of their Father the Commandant. 

. Finding that I had little to hope from continuing at Sandusky, 
and likely to efieot as little by visiting the Miami if my Horses had 
even been able Co have performed the Journey I determined to pro- 
oeed to Detroit by the nearest route, though I began to be doubtful 
I should not f succeed in my wishes there ; determined however to 
leave nothing unattempted which promised even a probability of 
success. — I concurred with the Pipe in a message to the Miami lo- 
diaos, ' desiring that rather than wait to hear the dispatches of 
these Southern Indians, they should advise them to continue their 
Journey to Detroit where they would certainly meet the Six Nations, 
to whom their business must be ultimately delivered, as the Deputa- 
tion in consequence of which they had performed so long and diffi- 
cult a journey, had originally proceeded from them — We desired 
'them to send us an answer in three days what Resolution they would 
> take and when we should meet them where the roads unite, that we 
might go together to Detroit. 

We waited till the 29^ in hopes of receiving an answer but none 

came, 'tho we had several Messages, some intimating that they 

. could not pome over to us, and desiring the Hurons & Delawares to 

. attend at the Shawnese Town»-«-other accounts said the Chiefs of 

that Nation were gone to Detroit. 

We now made every preparation for our departure, but fearing I 
might not agiiin have so good an opportunity, I made use of this to 
give the Pipe every information respeoting my business, and to 
explain to him the Preliminary Articles of peace, which I found 
had not only never been oommunicated to them by authority, but 
that the acoidental information they had occasionally received had 
) been in some respects contradicted by the Officers of the Crown ; 
particularly that part which related to tho evacuation of the posts 
on the Lakes. 

I left Sandusky on the 80*^ accompanied by the Pipe and two 
other Indians in addition to my former Companions, and travelled 
onwards to Detroit till the afternoon of the I*^ of July when we wore 
. met by M' Elliot and three other persons from that place, whom the 
Commandant had dispatched for the purpose of conducting us thither. 
The Indians who had left the Towns after my arrival, had given 
the intelligence at Detroit, and the Letter I had written to M' Elliot 
had also been carried there by some of those from the Miami. In 


conseqaence of this GoL Depejstcr liad sent H'' Elliot to me with a 
Letter No. 1 * 

I was now nearly half way from Sandusky to Detroit, and- eouM 
neither take or alter a resolution in conaequenoe of this Letter, hut 
continued my joiimey with my new Oompanions — till the 4*^ when 
I arrived at Detroit, where I was reoeived with much politeness and 
treated with great Civility hy the Commandant, to whom I delitrered 
your Letter, shewed your instructions and pressed for an opportn- 
nity of communicating them to the Ladians as soon as might be. 
He professed the strongest desire of bringing about a reconoiliatioa 
between the United States and the several Incfiah Nation^-^declared 
that he would willing! v promote it all in his power ; bnt that until 
he was authorised by his Superiors in Command, he oooUi mot con- 
sent that anything should be said, to the Indians relative to the 
boundary of the United States; for though he knew from the King^s 
Proclamation that the war with America was at an end, ha had had 
no official information to justify his supposing the States extended 
to this place, and therefore could not consent to the Indians being 
told so ; especially as he had uniformly declared to 'themi that he 
did not know these Posts were to be evacuated by the English. 
He had no objection, he said, to my communicating the friendly 
offers of the United States, — and would chearfully imike known to 
them the substance of vour Letter to him. 

In the morning of the 5*^, I received an intimation, from Colonel 
Depeyster, through Captain M'^Kee, that it was his wish I would go on 
to Niagara, so soon as I had recovered from the fatigue of my joumej. 
In consequence of this I waited on him in the afternoon, and pressed 
with greater warmth than yesterday, the necessity of my speaking 
to the Indians and receiving an answer from them. I pressed him 
to suffer me to proceed on my business without his xnterferenoei 
and offered him my word that I would say nothing to them respect- 
ing the limits of the States, but confine myself to the ofier of PeacCi 
or choice of War, and the Invitation to Treaty. He would not 
retract bis resolution without further orders from the Commander in 
Chief, and I was obliged to submit however unwillingly : But must 
do him the justice to acknowledge that he made every oflfer of civility 
and service, except that which he considered inooofflatent with his Dnt v. 

On the 6*^ I attended the Council which Colonel Depeyster held 
with the Indians, to which be had yesterday invited me. After 
delivering his business of calling them together, he published to 
them your Letter and pressed them to continue in the strictest amity 
with the Subjects of the United States, — represented to them the 
folly of continuing hostilities, and assured them that he could by no 
means give them any future assistance against the people of Ameria. 

At this meeting were the Chiefs of Eleven Indian Nations, com- 
prehending all the Tribes as far South as the Wabash. They were 
Chipewas, Otawas, Wyandots or Hurons, Shawneae, DeUwareSi 
* The p^»en referred to by Nos. have not been found. 


Eickaboos, Oweocbtanoos, Miamis, Pootawotamies and PieDkisbta 
witb a part of tbe Senecas ; most of whom gave evident marks of 
their Sati&faolion at seeing a subject of the United States lo that 
Country. Tbej carried their civilities so far that mj lodging was 
all day surrounded with crowds of them when at home, and the 
Streets lined with them to attend my going abroad ; that they might 
have an opportunity of seeing and saluting me, which they did not 
fail to do in their best manner, with every demonstration of joy. 

On the morning of the 7th I took my leave of Colonel De Peyster, 
after having received more civilities from him than the limits of 
this report will sufifer me A^ enumerate; but not Hill I had the 
honor of writing to you by my Oaide, whom I directed to return to 
Fort Pitt 60 soon as the Pipe should be ready to return to San- 
du«key on whom I depended for his safe conduct thither^ and to 
provide one to accompany him to Fort Pitt 

I arrived at Niagara on the 11th, was inipodnced to Gkneral 
Maclean who was prepared for my coming, delivered him Colol. 
De Peystcr's Letter and was received with every mark of attention 
but ho declined entering upon any business this Bay. 
ItId the morning I waited again on the General at bis request. 
Ho, asked for my Instructions which I produced, and afterwards, at 
bis request, the Resolve of Congress alluded to. He expressed an 
earnest desire that the Indians should live in peace wiib the United 
States, declared that he bad most effectually put a stop to all 
hostilities, and had already given you this Information, — that be 
would be answerable for their future good conduct provided they 
were not molested by us — regretted that he had not at present such 
information from below as would justify his concurring with me, or 
even permiting mc to call the Indians together — that he bad every 
reason to expect Sir John Johnson very soon, who he supposed 
would bring such instructions as would remove every difficulty, — 
that however he considered the pnrport of my message anticipated 
by the pains which had been taken to dispose the Indians to peacC| 
which appeared to be the grand object of Congress. 

In case Sir John did not arrive in two or three days as be ex- 
p^ted he proposed to me the alternative of continuing downward to 
the Commander in Chief or of furnishing bim witb Copies ef my 
Instructions and the Resolve of Congress which be would transmit 
to him for his orders thereon. He lamented that miscbevious 
people among us took too much pains to alarm the minds of the 
Indiana in this quarter, by inventing and propapating speeches, 
which the Indians were taught to believe came from persons in 
power among the Americans. In proof of this he produced the pro- 
ceedings of a Council lately held with the Indians, which contains 
an alarming t>pcech said to have been sent to them by General 
Schuyler. At my request he gave me a Copy of it witb bis own 
remarks at the bottom No 2. 

lu conficquence of this speech and his assuriDoea to the Indiani| 


the six nations had sent to that part of tbe Oneida Tribe wbich bad 
remained in the interest of the States, forbidding them to brin^ any 
fatars messageSi hot snob as were written or otherwise TiaiUe in 
Belts or Strings. That they would be glad to bear in this manner 
whatever the United States bad to say to them. 

Oolonel Butler the Superintendant at tbe post was sent for and 

. corroborated every thing that the General said of the peaoable dis- 
position of the Indians, unless they were compelled to a eontnnry 

. conduct by tbe Americans seising on their Lands which both asserted 
the Six Nations would never quietly submit to. They recommended 
the measure of Congress sending somciiierson to give-them assurances 

• respecting their Landsi if it was their intention to leave them to the 
natives, and the General offered to promote it with all his Interest, 

• to be answerable for the safety of the Commissioners and also engage 
for the Iiidians good behaviour and willingness to meet the Com« 
missioners of Congress at any place after receiving such assurance. 

Captain Brant came from the Mohawk Village to see me and was 
introduced by the General, in whose presence we had a conversation 
on the subject of the Indian's Lands — Brant insisted that they would 
make a point of having them secured before they would enter into 
any fitrtber or other Treaty. In the evening I bad a pnvate con- 
ference with him at his own request in which I explained to bim in 
the most circumstantial manner every thing relating to my business 
with the Indians and had a good deaf of friendly argument with him 
on the subject, too long to insert here. 

On the evening of the 18th, I received a note from tbe General re- 
questing a Copy of my Instructions &c., to send to tbe Commander 
in Chief to facilitate business. No. 8. I sent him word tbat he 
should be obeyed, and early in the morning began to execute my 
promise, but before I had finished copying them, I received a verbal 
message that he wished to see me at his quarters. I finished t]be 
Copies and waited on him with them. 

He informed me that be had sent for me to show me tbe Copy of 
a Letter he was writing to Oolonel De Peyster. It contained instruc- 
tions to that Gentleman in consequence of my representations of tbe 
murders committed by the Western Indians in the course of Qie 
last spring, and since by his account, they had been positively forbid 
to be guilty of any such outrage. He pressed Colonel Depeyster 
very earnestly to examine minutely into this afiair,-— to forbid tlte 
Indians in the most positive manner to be guilty of such future mis- 
conduct, — to order them to deliver up immediately such prisoners 
as they had captured throuffh the spring into the hands of hiih- 
self or his officers,— and further to tell them tbat if they did not 
desist from these practices the British Troops would join the Ameri- 
cans to punish them. 

He afterward read me the Copy of a Letter which be had written 
you in answer to yours by Mr. Bull. Not doubting that this Letter 
IS in your possession, I only mention it as it was the introduction 


to ao address to me contaioiog the same sentiments, which ended in 
an intimation that I might return home as soon as I thought proper, 
that whenever J pleased he would furnish me with a Boat & men 
to carry me to Oswego, would afford me every other assistance in 
his power and write to Major Ross the Commandant at that place 
to give me every assistance I should reqnire. 

f soon concluded that this invitation to leave the place arose from 
t&eJmportunaoy of the Indians to hear publickly the message which 
my coming had promised them, and his refusing permission to 
Captain Brant to take me on a visit to the Mohawk Castle convinced 
me of the justice of this conclusion, 

I employed such arguments as I expected would be most likely to 
prevail on him to permit me to speak to the Chiefs publickly before 
my departure, and answered (as I thought) all his objections, one of 
which was to that part of my instructions which said the King had 
been compelled to make peace, which he said would convey to the 
Indians the Idea of bis being conquered, and might induce them to 
an insolence of behaviour that would .become disagreeable to him and 
perhaps injurious to the service. To remove every exception on this 
head I offered to suppr3ss the word compelled but he avoided giving 
me any direct answer to this proposal, — insisted much on the pacific 
disposition of the Indians, again pledged himself for their behaviour ; 
assured me of their desire to cultivate the friendship of the Ameri- 
cans, and declared that he was authorised by the Chiefs to tell me 
80. He then informed me that previous to my arrival the Chiefs 
had applied to him to write to his Excellency General Washington 
on their behalf with offers of friendship, and regretted that he had 
not such orders as would justify him in doing it, especially before 
the Superiotendant Ceneral had made the proper communications to 
the Indians on the part of the Crown. 

Frustrated in every attempt to obtain a public audience of the 
Indians and receive their answer to yoQir message. I wrote. to General 
Maclean on the I6th for his refusal in writing (No. 4) which he 
immediately gave me (No. 5) and on the same day I set off for 
Oswego, after having experienced from General Maclean every 
species of polite attention, except that which duty as well as incli- 
nation bid me most wish for and every civility fVom his Officers, and 
from the Officers in general at all the Posts I had occasion to visit. 

''^Sensible how difficult it is to say just enough on any subject, I 
am afraid I have protracted this report to too great a length and yet I 
suppressed so many remarks and conversations which were interesting 
at the. time, that I am also afraid I have not been sufficiently explicit. 
I have confined myself to bare recital, without any commentary of 
my own, to avoid the imputation of obtruding opinion where it 
might be considered my duty to relate facts existing abstractedly. 
But I will hope your forgiveness for saying that the assiduity of the 
British Commanders to restrain the Indians from hostilities still 
wanted the visit which by yoor command I have made them, to satisfy 


the iDdians that they had nothing to fear from the enmity of tho 
States. They are now convinced from my risquing snoh a joamej 
through their Country and from the communications I have made 
to them individually oo my way, not only of our friendly Sentiments 
toward them, but also of our confidence in theirs^ which must iti- 
some degree beget a similar confidence in them. And though I* 
bring no public answer from the Chiefis^ owing to the motives of duty 
or policy which opposed it I think myself sufficiently authorised 
from the many opportunities I had of learning their SentimentSy 
both from themselves and the Whites who are in their confidence, to 
assert that I know them to be heartily tired of the war and sincerely 
disposed to Peace. 

I have the honor to be, ' 
with the highest respect Sir| 

Your very bumble and most obedient servant, 

The Honble. Major Qeneral Lincoln^ Secretary at War. 

Resolution of Congebbs, 1788. 

By The United States in Congress Assembled, 

August 2l8t, 1783. 

Whereas it is stipulated in the 7th article of the preliminariea 
agreed u^ the 80th Day of November, 1782, between the Pleni- 
potentiaries of his Brit«nio Majesty & of the United States, '< that the 
King of Great Britain shall order and cause all Archives, recards,: 
Deeds and papers belonging to any of the said States or their Citiiens 
which in the course of the War may have fallen into the hands of his 
Officers to be forthwith restored and delivered to the proper States, 
and persons to whom they belong.'' 

Resolved, That the Commander in Chief be directed to make ap-( 
plication to his Britanic Majesty's Generals commanding at New 
York and Quebec for the immediate delivery to persons authorisedr 
to receive them, of all Archives, records. Deeds and papers belong- 
ing to any of the United States or to any of their Citizens which 
may have fallen into the hands of any of his Britannic Majesty's 
Officers during the course of the War. 


1783 Pensylvania, August 21st. Resolution of Congress respec- 
ting delivery of Archives, Deeds, Papers &c*, by the British 

* See Col Rec., Vol. xm., p. 681. 


County Town op Westmoreland Co., 1783. 

Hannas Town, August 23d, 1783. 

IVe Received yoar kind favour of the 24th, April last & are 
nmeh Obliged to yoa for joar kind Instructions Respecting the 
Pnrehaae of a Pieoe of Ground to build a Court House & QotA for 
the utilitj of the County. We the Subscribers Trustees for the 
County of Westmoreland, having met & upon the reconsidering the 
Bitoation of the County, & having a due regard to those ooufilieb to be 
laid off, we do certify Hannas Town is the most Central & Conve- 
nient place for the holding the Courts of Judicature in the said 

Witnefls our Hands the day & year above Written. 

ROB'T. HANNA, Trustees. 


To hifl Excellency John Dickinson, Esquire, Pi^s'dt and the Sn- 

preame Executive Council of the State of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 

MsMOfiUL OF Major Michael Ryan, 1783. 

May it please your Excellency, 

lo January 1776, 1 received recruiting orders from Col. Wayne 
having had the appointment of Lieu't in Cap't Lacys company and 
Adjutant to the Reg't, The recruits I had raised I marched to 
Cheater delivered them to the Commanding officer who ordered them 
to be bilittedoD the Inhabitants, as we were not then furnished with 
Tents or Camp equipage. My duty as Adjutant engrossed niy whole, 
tinae and attention, consequently the Capt 1st Lieu't , -and Ensign 
oommanded and regulated the Company 3 notwithstanding thia I 
was served last Thursday at Chester with a Ca. Sa., obliged to pay 
£40 specie for the Soldiers Board or go to Goal. My situation was 
^leculiar, on business of consequence from Alex* (where I now reside) 
to this City, one day's delay would have injured me capitally, I there- 
fore flave my note for that sum payable in one Month. I hope your 
Excellency will take this affair into consideration and not let me 
suffer unjustly as I can assure your Excellency that all the Money 
I received for 4 years service would not am* \o that suin in specie 
altho' I was a slave to the Army from the commencemsiit of the 


War tUl I resigned, haviog eerred as Adjatant, Brigade Hajori 
Inspector of a Brigade, and Division &c. 

I have the honor to be 

your Ezoellencjs ob't Sorv'ti 

Phil'a Aug't 24th 1782. 
To Ejv)ellency John Dickinson, Esq^^i 

CoMBfissiONEKS ov Taxbs Nobthahpton, Co. ITSS* 

Easton, August 25th, 1783. 

Yours of July 2ith, 1783, inclosing a duplicate of your Letter 
of May 20th, has beet received — permit us to assure yon that we 
received the Representations of Council on the Subject of the col- 
lection of taxes in thb County with every mark of Respect, and 
paid every attention to them, that is due to that honorable Body.— 
No Exertions on our parts have been wanting; But the Arguments 
derived from the Effects of War, whieh vou are pleased to say have 
hitherto been urged with great plausibility, do not yet cease to 
operate. We sincerely rejoice at the prospect we now have of soon 
enjoying the Blessings of peace, k we should be ungrateful indeed, 
if we did not cheerfully contribute all in our power to reward the 
brave k deserving Men who have contributed Uight years military 
Services to the Defence of their Country ; but Money has not yet 
began to circulate at this distance from the Capital, & it is yet too 
early for the I nhabitants to have received any Profit from their late 
Harvest. It is Inability alone, k not a backwardness of Disposition 
that has prevented the payment of all we are in arrear. It is la 
vain to Expose the Goods of the Inhabitants for Sale, for there are 
none to be purchasers. We know the Demand Government must 
at this Juncture have for Money, & we are anxious that the hono^ 
of Council & the State should be supported. Please to assure 
Council, we will exert ourselves to the utmost to have their Wish* s 
& Commands comply'd with, k we remain Sir, 

With much respect, 
Your obedient H^>< Servants, ^ 

Commissioners North. County. 
Directed, (On Public Service.) 

John Armstrong, Jun', Esq', Scc'y to the Sup. Executive Coamil 
of Pennsylvania, Fbiladulphia. 



Gonptrolkr Genetals Offiosi 

I beg leave to Bequest that an Order may be drawn npoit the 
iVearaMr in my fiiVor for the Bom cf ftheen pmiiida specie to defray 
tte OoBlingeftt Expenses of the Qffioe^ for which sum I will ao- 

I hare the Honor to be. 
With Remeot Sir, 
Your Most Obed. 
Hamble Servant. 

His Exoell^ The Presid., in Council. 

B. Shobm AKBR TO Wm. Moobb, 1788. 

I oommnnicated yoor request to my Father respecti^g the Corpo- 
ration papers, &o., &c., early aflter mv arrival m this CSty, who 
very chemully consented to deliver them to any person properly 
authorised to receive them, and the more so, as having come to ^e 
resolution of etnbarkiiig for En^atid. It cannot after this detirminaF 
tion be attributed to those unworthy motives wch. his many kind 
offices to Ateerieaa nwral prisoners and others during the last five 
years of the War| has been ungenerously imputed, 
i am with great Esteem, 
and Sespecty &c. 

NewTort, Aug»2e, 1788. 
William ttoore. Esq', In Philadelphia. 

Wabdbns of Philadelphia to Pbxs. Dioeinsok, 1788. 

To His Excellency the President, uA the Honourable Supreme 
Executive Council of the State Pennsylvania. 

The Wardens fbr the Port of Philadelphia beg leave to Inform 
that in Obedience to the Order of Council of the 10th June,t 
they AdverUsed in the several News Papers of this City, for mi 

• See CoL Bee., Vol. XIIL, p. 671. f See CoL Beo.. VeL Xm., p. 60S. 
Vol. X.— 6. 

penoDS willing to Undertake the ^emoTal of the.CheTiMXZ De 
l^reiie from tlra Ohtnel of (he BlTor Delaware^ to send m'tibMr pro- 
poaitiona by the first day of July last ; we are aorry to aay thia 
mode bad noi the deairad aflbet, aa no propo^la have been made. 
Onq num. Indeed oflFered to Superintend the bnaineaa for One 
Oainea ^ Bay, but aa thia was foreign to our Ideay of oonaequenga^ -. 
nq Notioe.waa takenof it 

. We further beg leafe to inform that in Obedienoe to Bemaai of * 
Conpeil of the 5th Inat. *we have em|doyed Mear* Haalewood A Joj' : 
to Hake Out an Exact Surrey of the bed of the River Delawa^ , 
from thia City to the lowermoat Part of BiUiiq;8 Port, ao aa to 
Include the Situation of the whole of the Gheveauz De Freiae. 

Thia Buaineaa we fizpeot will be oompleated early in the next 

We ate Hia Excellency's 

and the Councils Most 

Ob» Hum* ScrrS 


Wardens of P. Phflad. 
PhlladSAug* 28a, 1788. 

John Nioholson to Piueb. DioKnrsov, 1788, 

Comptroller G^nerala Offioe. 

Aug*, 26% 1788. 1 

There- jve Applioations Made to me by the Artillery Artifioera 
under the Command of Capt** Wylie and Jordan for the gratuity 
of Nine pounda allowed by the Assembly to Retain aoldiera per 
Reaolution of the 8*^ March, 1781— a doubt ariaea with me' 
whether they are entitled to the benefita of the Said ReaolutioA, aa 
they were not Adopted by the atate, aa part of our Line unttll aome 
time in 1782, 1 pray the Inatmotipna of the Honble the Council. 
And Have the Honor to be, 
with great reqieot, Your 
ExcelU* Obed* Serv^ 


His Excellency, The President of Penna. 


John Lukbnb Seo't to Pbbs. Diokinson, 1788. 

Sury^ Oeii» Office, 

28«» August, 1783. 

Agreeable to your Order of the lO**" of Juue last, a Number of 
Surveyors have been Appointed, and Received their Orders for 
Surveying the land that is to be sold for the payment of Certificates 
of Depreciation, and are gone forward on that Service, and th^ 
others are ready to follow, so as to be there the 10*^ of next Month. 
They have Requested that I wou'd apply to Council for Orders to 
General Irvine at Fort Pitt, to afford them a Ouard while in that 
service, Tor at least while they run the West & North Boundaries of 
B* Tract,) as they look on it not very safe to proceed without, and it 
will be a great hardship on them to go there & not be able to pro 
ceed to business so as to do all, or the greatest part of it this FalL 
I Remain Tours, to Serve. 


To His ExcellelMy, John Diddnson, Es«, Preside, present 

Report of Committkb of Assehblt^— Gov. Hareisov'b 
Lbttbes, 1783. 

State of Pennsylvania, In Oeneral Assembly, 

Thursday, August 28, 1783. 

The report of the committee, read August 27 instant, on the sub- 
ject of Oovemor Harrisons letters, was read the second time, and 
adopted as follows, vis. 

Your oommittee to whom was referred the consideration of 
Governor Harrisons letters of the 12th of June, and 23d of July 
last, wherein it appears that complaint hath been made to the az- 
eoutive of Virginia by a number of the ^ihabitants of that tract of 
country which falls ^by the eztention of the temporary line betwixt 
the two States) within the bounds of this state, that the oonditiona 
upon which said line was acceded to, have been departed from, by 
this State, and measures adopted which deprive them of those rights 
which they held under Virginia, and fully confirmed in the Agree- 
ment entered into by both States previous to the running the afore- 
said temporary line, also that prosecutions were commenced, and 
judgment awarded against the Officers of the Militia for obeying; 
the orders of that State, previous to the running said line, whereby 

• See GoL Ree., TeL Xm., p. 5Mw 


the kie eitiiens of that state are harassed and oppressed with expenoe 
for performing the senrioe whioh thej owed to tibeir eofemliT; dnlv 
eonddering the substanoe of the foregmng complaints, together with 
the renort of Ab prothonotary of Washington oonnty, who was 
direotea by tlie Exeesdve of this State, to enquire fully into the 
aforesaid premises. — ^Beg leave to report, that the foregoing oom- 
plaints are groundless, with respect to any infrinffements haying 
Deen made on the title of any lands acquired uncEsr the State of 
Viiginia, and that any suits that were instituted against Lieutenant 
Colonel Oox and others, were owing to their imprudent conduct in 
executing orders, that were issued by that State subsequent to the 
agreement entered into by this ft the State of Yirtfuiia, notwith- 
standing in the trial of Uie said suit, the said Colonel Cox was 
notraittra (with) payins the Clerks fees only. 

Tour committee nirther considering that part of GoTetnor 
Harrisons letter,' wherein he proposes running the boundary line 
between this and the State of V irginia, as agre^ upon by the Com- 
missioners at Baltimore in the jrear 1779, and taking into tow the 
unhappy ntuatioo of the good eitiiens of this State setUed in Wash- 
ingUm ooonty &dP, and the evil consequences that may attend delay 
ill matters of such importance^ beg leave tQ offer the following 

Besolved, thai the Supreme Emntive Ceuaca be (^dlreeted) to 
correspond with the Executive of Virginia, upon the suDJect of fix- 
ing the mode and the most convenient time for establishing finally the 
boundary line betwixt that, and this State, and that they be 
authorised immedurtely lb appmnt Commissioners on the part of this 
State, who, in coDJ unction with those to be appointed by the State of 
Virginia, shall run the said line, this Honse being sincerely disposed 
finally to asoertain the boundary between the two States as speedily 
as possible. 

Extract from the minutes, 


of the Oeneral AsMnAly. 

29th Aug. 1783, Report of a eommittee of the B^use^ upon the 
suljject of Qov. Harrison's tetters read ft adopted by the house. 

JOHF NlOHOLflON TO PmBB. PioKmov, 178& 

Oo»^ QcB. OCoe^ 

Sep" M, 17a8. 

Application bath been made to me in behalf of ffDdie of thoM 
Traitors whose Estates have been OoniMated mi sold^ for a Certified 


Moomit €f the uMmBt of the Saki— This bo doubt h done in order 
to solicit the British Court for some eompensation on teeonnt of 
their losses — I beg leave to ask the advioe and dirsotion of your Ex- 
oellenoj and Goancil whether there be any impropriety in giving it 
I have the Honor to be 

your Szoy*s most obediend 

and very Hamble Serv't, 

To His Exo'y the President in Connoil. 

Sharp Delany to Sbo'y Armstrono, 1788. 

Taesday Morning Sep^r 2d| 1788. 

Among the business transmitted by Coancil| a Petition or Memo- 
rial of Cap'n Darie of the ship Do l&talng is mentioned^ & referred 
to a Committee— The Clerk of our Honse says he never saw it^ 
The Capt'n is meiit in soma Determinaliony as he lyes at a great 
daily ezpenoe- I would therefore request you may transmitt the 
said Mem* to your humble 


To Major Armstrong. 

Jom N1CHOL809 TO Pbb8. DiOBHiBoir, 1788. 

Comp. Ooft'I OOeoy 

FUlad. Sept' 2d, 1788. 

I do myself the Honor to Inolose a Letter from James SeadeJBstt. 
late Commissioner for Negooiating a foreign Loan for the use dPlM* 
State, in answer to one Inad wrote requesting him to aooount ftr 
monies advaneed him, before he sat out for Surcme—your Bzioenenqr 
and Gonnc^ will peroeive, that he wishes your honorable Boa^ fo 
oall him to a settlement of his aooounts, bv refering them to the 
deeision of Indifferent persons. The part whioh I oonoeive he wish^ 
to havp determined in that way is the Compensation for his sesEvioes^ 
otherwise I suppose he would have no objeot&on against having b}s 
aooount setdedf m the oommon and Legal manner — Ab the aUowande 
f or his Setmes is s nMMsr of lo» MMk Magailiito te me to detei^ 


miiia — ^I beg left?e to reqiwBt that the Hononble^the dwiioil ougr 
tok« Booh order thereio u to their pradenoe m$j ieem beet 
I IiBTe the Honor to be 

with the Highest respeet 

year ExoeUenoy'e 



To His Exoell'y The Presid't in Goancil. 

Pres. oh Oonobess to Pres. Dickinson, 1788. 

Princton l^pf r Sd, 1788. 

I hare rthe. honor of eneloeing to ^oar Exoellenoj the Copy of an 
Aot 01 Oongr^ of the 2l8t tFltimO| in which yonr SMs jDiff 
poaaibly bp interested. 

. I am with very great reep^t 

yonr Exoell^noys *_ 

meet: Obd't ft Teiy H'ble Serv't, 

Directed, ' 

To His Exoelleney John Diokinsoti; Esq'r. 

Commissioners of Westmoreland to Pres. Dwkimow, 


Westmoreland Coontyi September 4% 1788. 
Hononred Sir, 

Reoeiyed yonr Ciionlar Letter of the 2A:^\ of JnlyLfst yesterday, 

and beggs leave to inform yonr Honour that we Have done all in 

our Power to raise the Supplies of our County for the last Year — 

but th^ Notion of Yiigju^ia affected the People of one Township so 

much' as to cause them to pursue the Assessor with arms and Fin 

afiter him ao that we cpuld not obtain the Property of that Township^ 

fcn^fafoh Berlin we oould not proc<^d to Quota the County. The 

|.time for this year was far elapsed before the Supply Law came <o 

.'Jliand;. immediately after we proceeded to our duties, and is likely 

to meet with bad il^uooess, many of the Assessors not making any 

'I^U^s, whicH pots ba9k Business, and eiqpects that mattera will he 

l^mnoh as they Were last Year. Begg^ Your directions how to pro- 

' ceed if they should — Hostilities has ceased oh Our Fronder sinqe 

'the Spring, but the Inhabitants dare not Venture, as yet, to their 

Flao6i^ iiW one £talf of the Qonnty being Eyacuated, and it inH 

. r «9ew9«irt^tedPmidfliUar(^i!«ves%:NoT.4,17aSL. 


not be in- our Power to get t Joft Betom of the Lindt-ridiall do 
every thing we Poedbly oan in Bxertion of oar dntiee u Commif- 
sionerti and hopes joa'U overlook the ^ilmea that we oannot poni- 
blj perform. 

We ajroi Ho&ofed Sir, with the greateit Beepect, 
your Honor'a meet Obedient 

and most Hnmble Servant, 

W- TODi), -) 

JOSEPH M'aABRAUOH, ^ OommiaiSoiierfi. 

W- JACK. 3 

To hia Bx»dlenoy John Dickinson, President of the State of 

Prss. Dioi^BON TO JOHK WktzxLi 1783. 


It 18 the sense of Ooimoil that a stock of eight weeks' proviaion 
for the Complete Oomimniea of (M> privates each, be immediately 
laid in at Wyoming for the submstepce of that Oarrison. To thb 
pniposey Ooaneil have written to Captains Robinson & Shrawder'^ 
with direetions tooonsnlt yon upon the subject; — inquiring into the 
quantity you msy now have on hand, & whether you will engage to 

' contract for the supply of the rest They have the orders of this 
board| to confirm the oontract, ft their assurances that money shall 
not be wantin^^ to discharge it To this preference Council conceive 

^yen to be enititled; ft from your general Acquaintance w^ the busi- 
nessy ft the fidelity w^ w^ you have fulfilled your late engagements. 

- You will see the necessity of deoiding at once>,as the Instructions 
of Council direct that Captains Robinson ft Shrawder shall commSt 
it to some other person, should it be inconvenient for you to perform 
it immediately. 

/ndbriftf|— 1783| September 5th. 



In Councili 

Philadelphia, September 6tb^ 1788. 
' Gentlemen : 

In consequence of a Conference with a committee of the General 
Assembly, it is judged proper that you should be reminded in a particu- 
lar manner oonstantly to employ the utmost vigilance and alertnesa 

100 PUNNgrLVANlA ABOBiTtB 1T8<. 

ht the Moority «f tbe Fori al Wiomisg, ni for nudiiiifailitg Ob 
pott whelro yoii vo now itationed. 

Il is expected tkat yon will be io perfect prep a nt to i at tttfr 
moment io resist any hostile attempt^ whether openly or faisld&nifl^ 
made. Among odicr attoitiottSy it wOI be indispewably neoeasary 
for this pnrposcy t|^t great cam shpold be taken not to snfier the 
SoldierSi on any pretence wbateveri to absent themselves from the 
Oarrison, either in an indefensible sitnationi or beyond the reach of 
yonr immediate recall. 

It » thought abeolntely neeeesary by Oonpcil, that a supply of 
two Months' provisions ror both compasiesy calculating upon tlM 
compleat estoblbhment of sixty privates to Mch company^ m nme- 
diately conveyed into the Fort; po that the Qumm aify Mt in any 
manner depend upon provisions from without during that ffnai* 

That a single moment may not be lost — the important chuge of 
procuring this supply is principally committed to you — for tho', to 
guard agunst the expence of a double purchase^ it may be highly 
necessary to consult IC* Weitslei and learn from him what sto» of 
provisions he has now on hand, and what additional quantity ^e 
may engage to proourci — yet it is intirely the sepia ^ Go^noili that 
ahonld lie diaoover the least indifierence in iKx^ptbg tf^ bwneii^ 
or delay in the e](ecution of it, yoo-^nU ]|ouraalm l^QVee^ t9 o^p- 
pleat his purchaseiu shoiild ttmy be ddacifo^ i^^a^q^^^'t f^ tffint 
teansportations. ^ Honey al^ll not be irai^ti^ V^ PmK thipo 

It IS also our desire, thai as h^g 9^ it mf^ be neoiMiiiry tp Imp 
up the Garrison, after tbe expiifation of the two H«)atj|ui proFijMi ^r 
by this order, it shall at no nitnse tin^e be lef| without a iuppb 9t 
one Months' proviaio^ in atook. T^ y ^^ wiU regVT^ la i^ itwmg 

With the most entiM relianpa upoK year fid^y, p m ^W li^ a«d 
activity— I $^, Qentle^len^ 

Tour most ohedie&i servmnii 


P. S. — On the receipt of this, you will immediately transmit a 
return of the present efficient force of the Companies under your 
command, with a state of your ammowtkoi and arms. 

The indoicd letter to be sei^led and forwarded to M' Weitde. 

Directed^ — On public service. 
Oaptains Bobinson and Shrawder, of the Rangers at Wyoming. 
* Bee OoL Bee, Tol. XUI., p. 678. 

— t' r «-^ 



Princeton, Sep^ 5, 1788. 

Wd liave the Honour to lay before the Honble Conndli Copies of 
■nndry Papers rektive to the situation of ASurs with the Hostile 
Indians k respecting the Posts within the limits of the United Stateis 
on the Northern & Western Frontiers possessed by the Troops of 
His Brittannic Majesty. These Papers are referred to Committees 
who have not yet reported. When any proceedings are had in Con- 
gress we shall dnly lay them before the Coancil to whom we shall 
transmit any fiiriher Information which may be received on this 

We have the Honour to be, 

with the greatest Bespect & Esteem 

your very obed. Seryants, 

We also transmit a Copy of the Financier's Statement of the Pay- 
. jnents made by the several $tates in Consequence of the Bequisitiona 
of Congress for the year 1782. 

His Bzoellenoy The President & The HonUe S. E. Coancil pf 

Prss. Dickinson to Obnl. Cablsion, 1788. 

In Council^ September 6**; 1788.. 

Perfectly convinced, that a Begard for Justice has Place in such 
a Character as vou hold, I am induced to make a Bejiuest in Behalf 
of this State, which, I hoi>e, will meet with your entire approbation, 
ft of course be attended with the desired suooess. 

Several parts of this State have been lately infested by a sett of 
Bobbers, k particularly by some of them within these last five 
months who have committed many enormous crimes, ft in a very 
cruel manner. Information has l>een received, that some of these 
ofienders are now in New York. Their names are mentioned in the 
inclosed proclamations ft Certificates* Indictments & Outlawry. 

It is my Duty, to endeavour that the laws should be vindicated, 
& protection afforded to the good People of Pennsylvania, by a mer« 
ited punishment of such atrocious ft dangerous CriminaLi. Since 

* See Col. Rec, Vol. XIII., p. 687. 

102 FBlmsniTANZA A!it(5mVBB iM. 

they have at present avoided it by flight| I am happy, that yon it is 
who nmst determiad; whether thAt nga of guill abaU Mrrt them 
instead of Innocence. 

Pennit me then, eavnastly to desire^ that yon will be pleased to 
give proper (Mrden for seooring those of the offenders who are widijn 
jonr lines, & for the Delivery of them to the penon who will liafa 
the Honoi^ o^ pjpeseniiiig this Letterj fai sodk manner iiiat t^ey loiay 
be safely brought to this Oitj. 

I am whh Sentiments of very tf noerd Bebpetst, 

Sir^ your Ezoellenoy'jB most obe^eni 
and very homble Servant 

His Excellency Genend OarletoB. 

Insisbuotionb fOB Captain Eluah Webd, 1783. 

to yon Sir, Council have committed the delivery of the letters 
inclosed. Hmt to Oovemor Livingstoti is ezpresrive of omr wibhes 
that the State of New Jersey may render snob asAtaiidMi lb yott fti 
the further execution of this businesSi as he inay tbitik ifteeessa^f . 
The letter to (General Garleton is accompanied by such proolamaliehs 
and <torlaficales of indictment and outlawry uiMer the Seal of the 
State as will determine the justice of our request, and w# flaittr 
ourselves the aquiescence of the GkneraL 

If these hopes be well founded. He will issue an carder for the 
apprehehsibn of the several persons inentioned in the inclosed list, 
and probably commit some jMirt of the management to you. It will 
therefore be proper before you leave this City to possess yourself of 
as correct a description of the Men as possible and it may not be lUitis 
upon your arrival at New York to attsob yourself to some one 
acouainted with their persons and places of alSode. 

We need scarcely su^^gest that next to the most inyiblable secrecy 
the conduet of this busmesiB will require the utmost dispateh. 

I am Sir, 

Your most obedient humble Servant, 


Pbxs. DicEursoK to Gov. LiviirosiON, 1788. 

III Connoil, September 5% 1788. 

I tm^ «bh D&f Wilt i e t i Id 0«aw«l Owtetpii, to iMtM tta 

Delivery of some very atrooions & daDgerons offendtft^ tntBil tie 

Laws of this State, who according to Information receifttd Mtnmm 

:an Ne«f York. M' WoAdo who Will hate Iho Hoboi of BeUttting 

i this Letter, is oharnd with the Dispatches fhr the Oenetil^ A kio 

. MOeito the Giimindi if doUvered. 

As 1ft MLj bo obsoltotelj neoassar j, in order to dMidttot thobi 

wMtf to thii Oity^ thot somo assistanoe shottM bet.e^en by jKmr 

State oa tkia oooasibii^ I ahal^aad I am pirsaoded tbia CbnMiAB- 

weabh wiU atsoagiy tel iha obUqation^ if yoO^ 8iif^ vail ba ao^foad 

: aa to give tha proper crdaia for this Ptarptsei 

It map alao ho ai naeessaryi that the Ooncffal dioaM. he iaftmMd 
.-ofyoor IntantioBs, ao Uwt thoMoMKuras homayUfKipoaad tO'tako 
amy aobcido a>itb thani) ft lair^o no opportonit^ to tha oOnitlaM of 

Any eipaodsa laaarad in GonsofMfioo of yoar .OsdoiO will bo 
aheerfidly A giaioCiilly deteyad by this Stata. 

I am with tho groatsst Estoem, 

Sir, yonf SteellieDegr's 

ttoat ob^ k ttOBi Bblo SotS 

Hii BmsUaaoy Qovamot . Liyingston. 

Oath of Edward Fox, as Commibsiokibr, 1788. 


State of PennsytTania, &<$*, 

I Edward Fox do solemnly swear that I will truly and faithfully 
ezeenie tbo OfBoe of Commissionor for a^Q«stf&g tha Aoaoontaof tho 
General Hospital to which I am appointed, and the Powers in me 
▼teted by an Act, entitled ^ An Act for the Settlement of the Pab- 
lie Accounts of tho United States,^' &a, without favor, affe^on, 
hatred, or maHoe, acoording to die best of my judgment and 

8<» of Sep., 1788. 




To Eii8 Ezoellenoy John DiokiDson Esq., Presidenti and ,tl|e 
HoBonbU the SapremeEzecatiTe Cooneil of the ConnoawoAlth of 

We aee by a paragraph in Oonnoila Message to the Honse of 
AssemMyy that a preference seems to be ffiven to the appropriation 
of the Oroand on which the M Gbol and work flonse stands Ae., 
for an Bzehange, and by a resolve of the Honorable Hoose of 
' Assembly) that a committee is appointed to eonbr ?nth your Honor- 
able Board; on that business; We hope it is not meant that the 
'- appropriation shonld be made without a sofficient compensatioo to 
this City and County ; the Estate in question will neat at least aiz' 
'■ hundred Pounds per annumi exolusiye of the Materials now on the 
premises^ which we suppose will sell for one thousand Pounds. 
• altho* we have soque doubt as to the propriety of the Ezecntire 
Council for the state at large having the disposal of the property 
belonging to a particular Oountyy ezoept in extraordinary cases, yet 
in the present instance had Council sufficient leasure from the other 
and in general more important concerns of the State, we could have 
no doubt, but this business would be effected folly, to the satisfaction 
of the City and County of Philadelphia, in accomplishing of which 
this Board will be happy to aflfbrd every assistance in their power. 

We are Gentlemen, 

Tour most obedt. and very hnmb. Servants. 

Philada. Sept. 15, 1783. 
His Excellency John Dickinson, Esqr., President &c. 

Capt. Philip Shbawdbb to Prbs. DiCKivsoir,. 1788. 

Wyoming, Septr. 17, 1788. 

In obedience to your Excellency's Orders I have the Bonor jbo 
transmit a Return of the Companies, arms and ammunition. Toiir 
Excellency' Letter to Mr. Weitzel I have forwarded to Capt. 
Robinson who is at preseot in Northumberland to be delivered by 
him, but as we received no supply since June last,^ it is not probable 
Mr. Weitzel can have a stock on Hand. 

I would beg Leave to inform your Excellency that to maintain 



this Po6l| I hvre for better tluin two Months past ez^nded nj 
Credit as far as possible in pord^inJE Proyisions for the Ghirrisbn 
and in order to be enabled to see thei Troops snpplied. I would beg 
yonr Bzcellencj and the Honble. Board would be pleased to order 
£300 to be forwarded to me bj Lieut Brb, wnom the utmost 
Neoessitj obliged me to send. 

With the greatest Respect, 
I bsYo uie Honoi^to be Sir, 
Your Bxoellenoy's Host pbedient, 

and most humble Servant, 
His Bxcellenoy John Diddnsony Esqr., President, Philadelphia. 

Return of Captains Robinson and Shrawders Companies of Penn- 
sylvania Rangers stationed at Wyoming, Septr. 17, 1788. 













Capt'n Robinson's Comp'y Fit for Duty, i 


Capt'n iSchrawder's Comp'y Fit for Duty, 




















One Box of Cartridges, 
66 Muskets. 

PHIL. 8HRAWDER, Oaptn. P. R. 

Rbsolutiqn of Congress — ^iNDiAisr atfaibs, 178^ . 
:The United States in Congress Assembled September 20th, 1788. 

Congress took into consideration the report of a Committee con- 
sisting of Mr. Duane, Mr. Peters, Mr. Carroll, Mr. Hawkins and Mr. 
A. L^, to whom were referred instructions to the Delegates of Pch- 
sylrania, and the same being read as follows : 

<< That the legislature of Pensylvania be informed in answer to 
the rec^uest of the Delegates of that State in consequence of In- 
straotions from the sud legislature of the 18*^ Instant. 

That Congress haye no objection to a conference bein^ held on 
behalf of the State of Ponsylvania with the Indians on their borders, 
rr'fipocting a purchase to be made by ft at the expense of the said 


MSimfiw-irAittA akcmvKs vm. 

State, of hn^ iHthm tbd fimittf thdrMf : pi^cled WeiftA^ttMktfl 
relative ta peace or War with the aidd XbdiaAa he ^btevM liifo by 
the said State, the power of holding tr^iifiea on this fttthjeoft belttg 
vested by the ConfederaUon aoldlj in the tTnited States in GtmfimB 
Assembled, and also provided that due notide 6f iltooh meeting be 
piven to the Execatives of Vir^nia & New York who shall hkte It 
in their option to send Commlssidhers to the said oonference/'. 

A motion was made bj Mr. Oetry iteconded by Mr. EUery that 
the &rther considentlbtl bf the report ber|K)stponed until Thursday 
next, and en the question for postpiming, the yeas & nays being ro- 
quhred 1^ Mr. Oerfy. 

Mr. Foster, 

Mr. Getry, 

Mr. Holten, 

Mr. Higgeasoni 

Mr. Ellery, 

Mr. Howell, 

Mr. S. Huntington, 


Rhode Island. 

New Tork. 
Ne# Jersey. 


North Carolina. 

B. Huntington, ay. 

Duane, no. 

L'Hommedieu, ay. 



Mr. Boudinot, 
Mr. Clarke, 
Mr. Condiot, 
Mr. Fitnittttaion«, 
Mr. Montgomery, 
Mr. Jones, 
Mr. Madison, 
Mr. Mercer, 
Mr. Hawkins, 
Mr. Williamsen) 
Mr. Read, 

no. » 















South Carolina. 

So the question Was lobt. 
The report having been then amended so as to read, 

''that Congress have no objection to a confbrdnoe b^ing held on 
behalf of the SUte of Pennsylvania with the Indiaas on their bir- 
ders for the sole purpose of aiakins a purchase by k at the eznenoe 
of the said State of hmds within the limits thereof; provided that 
due notice of such meeting be f;iven to tfie Executives of YirgSnia 
& New Tork, who shall have it in their option to send Commis- 
sioners to the said CenffMrence." 

A motion was made by Mr. Higjgenson seconded by Mr. Holten, 
farther to amend the report by addii^ after the word « thereof/' the 
following words, "after terms of accomodation shall have been 
agreed on between the United States & those Indians;" and on the 
question to agree to this amendment the yeas & nays being required 
by Mr. Gerry. 

ttlatmLVAittA 'Afi6dtV£S 1?8S. 



Mr. Foster, 

Mf« OsftTi 

Mr. HolteH) 

Mr. HiffjgtiiMtti 

Mr. Bffitjy 

Mr. Howell, 

Mr. S. HiliM9ftg^M| 

Mt. B. Htmttb^Mi, 

Mr. DttAti^, 

Mr. i/HbmtetNBSQp 

Mr. Bodciindii 

Mr. CttmKKj 

Mr. FitkriiiiiMfttgi . 
Mr. Motitgotflcyyi 
Mr. jotiQ8| 
Mr. l|sunQti^ 
Mr. Meroori 
Mr. Hawkite, 
Mr. WHliattuM, 
Mr. Ready 




Nrtr Totk» . 
Ntfif Jrasey. 


So«A Ctardiiuu 
80 tlie ^QWdoii WIS loot. 

A Dfnifen of fth» qiaslkm oH the report was then called for, & 
CD the ^Qflition to agree ta the ftport as amended, m ikr ae Che pro- 
iie0|ih# jeas and najB beiig raptured by Mr. Fitseimmona. 









now ^X 





New TMr« 
New Jersey. 



North Ourolina. 
Soath Carolina. 

no. yx 

no. ) 
to. Vtt 
no. 3 

Mr. Foster. 

Mr. Gerry, 

Mr. Holten, 

Mr. Higgenson^ 

Mr. Eltery, 

Mr. HoweU, no. 

Mr. S. Hontington, ay^ 

Mr. B. Huntington, Ay. 

Mr. Daane, ay* 

Mr. L'Hommedien, by. 

Mr. Boodinoty 

Mr. Clarke, 

Mr. Condiot, 

Mr. Fitiaimmohii^ 

Mr. Montgomery, 

Mr. Carroll, 

Mr. Jones, 

Mr. Madison, 

Mr. Mercer, 

Mr. Hawkins, 

Mr. Williamson, 

Mr. llead. 




So the question inm lost 

A motion was then made bj Mr. Daane seoonded bj Mr. Bllei; 
in the words following : 

Whereas the Delegates of the State of Pensjlvaniay have lai 
before Congress a resdntion of the legislature of Pensjlyania in tl 
words following : 

£ero the resolation of the 12th September, 1788., is inserted] 
d the said Bele^tes b^^ving also laid before Congress an u 
straction frpdk the said legislature in the words followingi Via r 
(Here the instruotion, same date with resolution, is inserted.}' 
Ilesolved, That the legislature of Peniylvania be infbnned i 
answer to the said representation that as soon as an agreement sha 
have taken place for the cessation of hostilities between the Unite 
States & the Indians engaged on the side of the British in. tfa 
prosecution of the war, (for which measures are now under deliten 
tion,) Con^p-ess will chewfully consent to the negociation piRmose 
by ike legi&lature for the purchase of the Indian Claimi to land 
within the limits of that State. 

On die question to affree to the foregoing motion the jeai ani 
nays being required by Mr. Duane. 


Rhode Island. 
New Tork. 
New Jersey. 



North Carolina. 

South Carolina. 
So the question was lost. 

Mr. Foeteri 

Mr. Gerty, 

Mr. Holten, 

Mr. Higgenson, 

Mr. Ellery, 

Mr. Howell, »j. 

Mr. S. Huntington, ^J'*\ 

Mr. B. Huntington, •7-/ ' 

Mr. Duane, . ^^' .aw 

Mr. L^Hommedieu, ay. j ' 


Mr. Boudinot, 
Mr. Clarke, 
Mr. Condict, 
Mr. Fitzsimmons, 
Mr. Montgomery, 
Mr. Carroll, 
Mr. Jones, 
Mr. Madison, 
Mr. Mercer, 
Mr. Hawkins, 
Mr. Williamson, 
Mr. Read, 


•y- v 

•yj ■> 


no. yx 

no. y 
no. vno 
no. ) 

no. j * 

Extract from the Minutes. 


* Xot inscrt^tl in tLia Copy. 


JoBii Wktck^l to Pebs. Pick&sqh, 1788. 

Saabnry; SeptF 2S«, 178S. 
K4J H plem yoov Eipalleney s 

Tonr fATdr of Uie 5«^ Ipi^ dkl not oome to my faoDii tOl iko 17^ 
at which time I had no proriami on hand } hewevor, I selt to the 
bnaine88 immediately, and ehall bare abofat half the quantity ready 
Bn the Oonrae of Foor or Five days. The rest I will eompieate m 
- a tarn daye af ter.««-f>I thank the Hononrable Coondl for the preHnreaee 
they wera pleaaed to gite me^ and they may leet aflBOied that no 
pains shall b^ waiiting to oompleat the bnemessi which I eonoeiwi 
shall be able to do as socfi as any otbei» persoo whatsoerer. 

I an^ with great respect, 

yon^ Excellency's most Obedient 

and very humble Serrant, 


His EaoeOenoy John Dickinson, Esquire, President of the Ex- 
ecuti?e Council of rennsyl?ania| Philadelphia. 


McClueb, 1788. 

Instraetiens ftir W* Lee Seijeanta & John McOhire. 

Tou are to Ujce ^mmi^i^ chigree of the Fort, buildings & pub- 
lusk p^pefty npw r^pi^^nii^^ at tbelPost of Mclntoph for A in behalf 
of the Sti^to of PeniMvlT«uDiiai (iSxpep^ two pieces of Iron Cannon k 
some water CaskSi ^e prpperty of the united States) and tbr^ 
thousand aores ot ]im4 reserye^ for the nee of ^aid 9tat# : whfixx 4e 
tract is Surveyedi you will attend & make yourselves acquainted with 
the lines ; in the mean time, you will consider it extending two miles 
up and down the ri?er, and two miles back ; you will take care that no 
waste is oommittod, or Timber cut down or carried off the premiseSi 
and probiUl buildings to be made, or any Persons making Settlemento 
or to reside thereon, or from even Hunting Encampmento, nor are any 
more fiimilies to be permitted than your own to ii?e in Ihe Bam^ks 
or any part of the Tract In case of necessity for reoccupying the 
post for the United Stetesy you are to idve up the Fort to the 
Orders of the Commanding Continental Officer at this place, retain- 
ing only sueb part of the buildioffs as may be necessary for yon to 
live in— :Bnt if the Troops should be so numerous as not to afford 
' room for you— yon will in that case popnpy t^e Building without tl^e 
* See page 116. 


Works, or build for yoarseheR on some oonvoDient place ; bat yoa 
will on no Account whatever quit the place without orders from the 
Ezecutire Oouncil of Pennsylvania or their Agent so to do — Whose 
directions you will hereafter Obey in all matters relative to said Post 
& tract of land. In case of lawless Yiolencei or persons attempting 
to settle by force, or presuming to destroy any thing on the premisisa, 

{on will apply to Michael Hoofnagle, EsqurCi or some Other juatioe 
y the peace for Westmoreland County. 
For your Care and trouble in performing in the sevml matters 
herein required, you may put in Grain £ labor any (jnantity of 
ground not exceeding one hundred acres, and Jceep or raise stodr to 
the number of fiftv head of homed CaUle & £]ght Horses. Ton 
will govern yourselves by these instruetions until the pleasure of the 
Hon^^ Council is signified to your-Hmd you will give up peaoe^Ue 
possession to them or their Order whenever they think proper. 
Given under my hand at Fort Pitt, Sept' 28% 1788, 

W- IRVINB, B. Gen'. 
We severally engage to conform to the foregoing instniotions to 
us. by General Irvine. 

H. LOf 


John Rose. 

Depositions BBSPsoriNa Arbsst of Joseph Doan, 1788. 

Bedford, 26% 1788. 
This Day, I, Mary Hay, Wife of Thoau» Hay, Under Sheriff and 
Gaoler in and for the County of Bedford, in the State of Pennsyl- 
vania, Do acknowledge to have received from Joseph Wilson, of the 
State of Maryland, the Body of Joseph Dioan, mentioned in the Act 
of Assembly entitled " ^n Act to encouraee the speedy apprehending 
and bringiDg to Justice divers Bobbers Burglars and Felons,'' in 
the Gaol of the County aforesaid, agreeably to the said Act. 
Certified the Day & Tear aforesaid by 

Wife of the said Thomas Hay. 
Witnesses present, 

Tho* Burd, 
James French. 

' Bedford County, Ss. 
We, the Subscribers, two of the Justices of the Peace in and for 
the County of Bedford aforesaid, Do hereby certify to all whom it 


may oonceni, that We were present and saw the aboTe named Jo- 
.■eph WiUon|the Bearer hereof, deliver the aforesaid Joseph Doan 
' to the above named Morj Hay, Wife of the said Thomas Hay, (who 
is Under Sheriff and &aoler in and for the County, aforesaid, and 
now abroad upon pablick Bosiness) in the Ooal aforesud ; at whioh 
Time he oonfessed to na that his Name was Joseph Doan, and that 
he is Father of Aaron Doan'& Mahlon Doan, mentioned in the 
aforesaid Act of ABsembly. 

In Testimony whereof, Wo have hereunto set our Hands the said 
twenty-fifth Day of September, Anno Domini, 1783. 


Resolutions of Assembly — ^Purchase of Indian Lands, 


Thursday, September 25, 1788, A. H. 
State of Pennsylvania, 
In Oeneral Assembly, 

The committee appointed September 12, made report, whioh was 
. read, and on motion, and by special order, the same was read the 
. second time, and adopted, as follows, via : 

The committee appointed to digest such plans as they might con- 
. .peive necessary to facilitate and expedite the laying off and surveying 
the lands appropriated for the redempUon of the military deprecia- 
tion certificates, be^ leave after the fullest information and enquiry, 
to report the followmg resolution for the consideration of the house. 
Resolved ^^animously, That the supreme executive council be, 
and they are hereby authoriied and empowered to appoint Commis- 
sioners to hold a meeting with the Indians claiming the unpurchased 
territory within the acknowledged limits of ^e State, for the purpose 
of purchasing the same, sgreeable to ancRbt usage, and that all 
expences accruing from the said meeting and purchase be defrayed 
out of the Treasury of the State 

Extract from the minutes, 

C9erk of the (General Assembly. 
The Hon'ble the Supreme Executive GounmL 

Depositions respboting arrest of Mahlon Doan, 1788. 

Bedford Oounty in the State of Peensylvania, 

I, Mary Hay, Wife of Thomas Hay, Under Sheriff and Keeper of 
the Oaol in and for the County of Bedford aforesaid, Do hereby 


ftoknoifledge tirat I bave tfaia Day reodyed the Body of Hahlon 
Doaii|^ in the^Gaol of tbe County aforesud from John Sblonum 
Hill^i who delivered tbe same to me agreeably to the Act of Aaiem* 
bl;^ endtled ^' An Act to enooiirage the qpeedy apprehendboig and 
bnngins to Jivrtipe iijets Robbie ^nrglan ana FeiooB.'*. 
Certified the 27* Day of September, Anno Domini^ 1788. 


Wife of the said Thomas Hay. 
Test. Samuil MiASHLiNy 
Samuil Skinnie. 

Bedford County as.. 

We the Snbsoriben two of the Justices of the Peace in and for 
the County of Bedford afore^id Do hereby certify to all whom it 
may concern. That we were present and saw the abioTQ uamed ^ohn 
Solomon Miller deliver the said Mahlon Dpan to Mary Hay wife of 
tbe mSA Themaa Hsy, who is under Sheriff and €hu>Ier in llie Omnty 
ef Bedford aforesaid and now abroad upon tbe Boshiees ef Ms 
Office, in the Goal of the County aforesaid agreeable to the IMree- 
tions of the said Act of Assembly ; at which Time be eonfessed to 
US that his Name was Mahlon Doan, and Bon to Joseph I>oa9 men- 
tioned in the said Act of Assembly. 

Olven under our Hands at Bedford the twen^ perenth Ihj of 
Slentember Anno Domini. 1788. 


Bedford, October 28^14788. 

I aoknowledge that the within Named MaUon Doan waa DeUr- 
ered into the Goal of the County of Bedford whereof I am Goab^r^ 


The within Named Mahlon Doan has a Blemish on one of his 
Eyes and a sort of a Scar under it, has black hair, thin vissMdi 
Slender made, down looking and about five feet seven or ei^ht inohes 
high. As far as I remember the above is Mahlon Doans description. 


PhUad% December 17% 1783. 


The Goaler's receipts and Justices Certificate fox Mahlen Doan to 
Johtf a MiUeff, Deeember 17% 1783. 

* See page 110. 



MoNTHLT Fat ov thb Ofhokks asd Soldieks or tbb 
AiusiOAir A&MT, 1788^ 

Major Gknenl^ 166 Dollars. Qaarter, Masteri 16^ 
Briffadier, 126, [additional pay.] 

Aios do Campi 50, Burgeon, 

[inclodiog their pay as Offioers Surgeon Mates, 

in the Line,] 
Brigade Majors, 
[indodioff their pay 

in the Line,] 
Lieat. Colonel, 
Pay master, 

S additional pay.] 
nsiditioBal pay.J 
Quarter Master, 
radditional pay.} 

Sexjeant Major, 
Qoarter Maiter Seijt. 10, 
SojeaDto, 9, 

Drum Mi^or ft Fife do 9, 
Brums and Fifae, 7i 
Corporals, 7i 

Privates, 6} 


IS Officers 






Seijeant Major, 



Quarter Master Sexjt. 11, 

Fife Major, 10 »» 

Drum Major, 10«« 

Serjeant, 10, 
Bomhardiers, 9, 

Corporals, 9, 

Chnmers, 8«» 

Drums and fifes, 8<<o 

Mateossis,. 8*<» 


Colonel, 98} 

Lieut. Coloneli 75, 

Major, 60, 

Captains, 50, 

Lieutenant, 881 

ComeU, 26} 

Biding Master, 83} 

Paymaster, 80, 


Adjutant, 15, 


Quarter Master, 16, 



SomeoB Mate4 


iVdmpet Major, 


Quarter Master Secy. 15, 

Trumpeters, 10, 

Serjeants, 15, 

Oorporsk, 10, 

DragpoBii^ 8} 



tlolonel, 100 DL 

Lieut Colonel, 75, 

Major, 62} 

Captains, 60, 

Captain Lieutenant, 88} 

First Lieutenant, 88} 

Seeond iiavleianiy 88} 
Pay master, 80, 

[additional pay.] 

Pay of the artifioers is the same Ma aftiUerj. 

The above is the established pay of the American army. 

War office, Sept 27th, 1788. JOS. CABLTON, Secy. 


Rbturk of Naval Offiokm, 1783, 

Paid to the Oommifldonen for the defence of ) jHnauiA a o 
the river IXflawtre. | ^^^*' ^ *• 

Paid to Mr. David Sittenhoase, 4482, 1, 2, 

do. << Mr. James Smith, 2883, 9, 2, 

£41839, 16, 6. 
22d of Sept. last. 

Return from Naval Officers, Septr. 30th 1783. 

Mess. Doughsbtt and Espt to Frbs. DicEiNSoir— ^ors 
DoANS, 1783. 


We be^ leave to inform your Excellency that on the twenty fifth 
Day of this Instant September a certain Joseph Doaa rUie eldnr) 
was brooght to the Gaol of this County by one Joseph vf illson <rf 
Maryland and that on last Saturday Mahion Doan Son to thasd.. 
Joseph was brought by John Sallamon Milter of this County in lik^ 
manner to prison. 

We are greatly uneasy on account of these prisdners, beeanie we 
apprehend from the many threatnings thrown out in the. lower 
Counties there may be an attempt made on the prison here to tdk» 
them out and therefore pray to be directed as soon as possible, what's* 
best to be done. 

We are Sir, 
with Tcrj great respect, 

your Excellency's most Obedt. Hbbl. Servts. 

On public Service. 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esouire, President of the Suprema '• 
Executive Council of Pennsylvania, JPhiladelphia. 
Favored by Mr. Wm. Henry Jones. 
Bedford, September 29th, 1783. 

* See Oct 9 


ImTRTrcnoKS fROM Briq. Obneeal iRvnnB to James Boggs, 


Fort Pitt, Sepf r 80th, 1788. 

Ton an to take Charge of the Tract of Land opposite Fort Pitt 
nserved for the use of the State of PennsylyaDia, and not suffer 
afty mate or Diatmction to be done of Timber, or Cat or Carried 
off the Premiaes Exoepi what is herein mentioned. You will on no 
aeaoont sllow Boada to be made Through The Tract, or landing 
Plaoaa other than tha old one formerly uMd by the Indian TVadera, 
ft ktdy by the garriaon — ^yoa will Ointionaly aroid giving offence 
to Um Ooittman£nt at this Poat, and if any treapaaaea are Commit- 
ted or Tiolenoe need yon will lodge Regular Complaint to Miohael 
Hoofnagle Eaq., or aome other Juatioe of the Peace fov Weatmore* 
Imnd County. 

Toa are for your Trouble ft Care, allowed to Clear Land ft Raiae 
Orm ao aa not to Exceed one Hundred aorea, ft you may keep 
Bloek| not to Exceed Twenty Homed Cattle & Six Horaea, you are 
not to Permit any buildings whataoever to be Erected, Except fw 
the oaa ft OonTenienee of your own Familiea, jou may howeyer alow 
the Troona of thia Oarriaon to Cut ft Cany off fire wood, if the 
Commandinar oflfaser finda it Expedient to take from them, but you 
muat Keep a Bender an aco* to Council of the Quantity so taken — 
you mil alao hereafter govern youraelf by such orders or Instructions 
M you nay BeeeiTe From Hia Excellency the President of the 
■tate and you will Bender Peaceable Possession when Required by 
Him, or the Lawfull Asent of the Honerable the Council : or take 
mA Leaae aa they ahall think Proper. 

I engage to aot conformably to the above inatructiona from 
General Irvine. 

Witness, David Duncan. 

N. B. — Untill the Tract ia surveyed it is considered to extend 
two Milea down the Ohio River ft two miles up the Aligany ft two 
milea back.* 

178d|* September 80th. Inatructiona to Jamea Bciggs, for occu- 
pying land oppoaite Fort Pitt. 

* See page, 109. 




At a QMiend AaeemUv of tbe Qovenior and Oompany of the State 
of OonDeeiiont. bcdacin ai New Hayen on the aeooaa Thonday of 
OdtobT^], 1788. 

Whereae this Biate haa the vndOuUed and eidtidye Bight tt 
JwriadictioB & Pre-emption to all %ha LUttda 1/ifig Weet bf th« 
Weetera liniti of tbe State of PefinqrlninM, k Imt ef tfie liie* 
Biaaipi Riyw, and extending thtoughont froU thd Lalitnde 41^ M 
Latitode 42^^ 2 norih^ bj tirtne of the ChaKer grantbd by BSilg 
Charke the eeeond to tbe late Colony nM State a Oenneetidtttf 
bearing date the 28^ day of Aprils Ai D.^ 1662, Whieh Okkn add 
Oltle to make known fmf tbe inforlaatkA ef aB, to thd Eni thai 
they may conform themselyee thereto. 

BMDlyed, That Hia Bxeelteicy the€U>Mpn«r be deared to iMbe 
hia Preolamationi deelaring and flBsevling the Bight of thie StaM 
to all the Lands within the Umito aforeeaid A atiaotfy forUdd^M 
all Penona to enter or aettle thereon, withont apeeial Itenee « 
Anthority irat obtained from the G«(ieral Aeaenbly of ttiie State. 
A tme Oopy of Becovdy 

A fnie Copy of it Gopy^ 

£x* By iTno. SnunWl> Qoy. 

At a General Assembly of the Goretn^r and Oompariiy of dw Stale 
of ComieotioBt^ holden at New Hayen m the 2« Thnraday of 
October, A. J>., 1783. 

This Assembly being informed, since the Trial had 4n December 
last between this State and the Sute of Pennsylyania of sobm 
Evidence material to said Cause, then ck)6beale^ and suppressed 
from the knowledge of this State or its amnts, and that there ia a 
probability of aasoertaining other fiiets on wnieh to ground a reyiaioa 
of said C&ose. 

Besolved, that Eliphalet Dyer, William Sam^ Johnson, & Jesse 
Boot, Esquires, heretofore appointed, be A they are hereby conthined 
Agents for this State in the matter aforeetod & that they porane 
their Enqniries after Evidence & make report to thia or 
future Assembly. 

A true Copy of Becord, 

Ez« by Geo. Wyllis, Sec'. 
A true Copy of a Copy, 

£z' by Jno. Trumbull, Goyr. 


At a OenenI Assembly of the Governor and Company of the State 

of Conneciienty holden at New Haven on the second Thursday of 

October, A. D., 1783. 

On tbe Report of a Committer respectinff the Inhabitants settled 
mder the Claim of thb State West of Delaware Biver, accepted 
and approved. 

Whereas a large number of Inhabitants West of Delaware Siveri 
and widiin the Charter limits of this State, settled there under tbe 
Claim and Jurisdiction* of the said State having first, with the 
approbation of the General Assembly thereof, purchased the native 
right of soil ft for many years past have been incorporated, and in 
the exercise of Government under the Laws of this State. And . 
wheieaa by a late decree of Commissioners appointed for settling a 
dispute mlative to Jurisdiction between this State and the State of 
Peaoaylvania, the tract of Land possessed by the s* settlers is unez* 
peetedly declared to be within the Jurisdiction of the Latter : since 
whioh the said settlers as it is represented, notwithstanding their 
having aoquired the native & possessing right as aforesaid, and 
eorroberated their title by vast Labor ft ezpence in reducing the 
said Lands from a wilderness state, and stood as a Barrier to Penn* 
sylvania and other interior settlements, thro' a long distressing war, 
in which most of their males, capable of labor or^deffence have been 
fllain. Circumstances which entitled them to expect as well from the 
Justice IS clemency of that great and opulent State the fullest 
Protection for their Persons, ft to be forever qaiet in their Posses- 
sions ; and for which they lost no Umo in applying to its legislature 
by humble Petitions; yet notwithstanding to their great astonish- 
ment and distress, they find themselves left to the mercy of men, 
who claiming under the Proprietory Title of that State, are 
prosecuting against them suits of Ejectment, and in some Cases 
entering into their Possessions ft Labors by Force, Whereupon 

Resolved by this Assembly, That it will in their opinion, be 
expedient for the said settlers, as tbe only Remedy left them, to 
apply to the Hon'ble the Congress of the United States, for a Court 
to be instituted to try their right of soil and possession, pursuant to 
the 9th of the Articles of Confederation. That it will be the Duty 
of this State to countenance and patronize them in such application ; 
and that the Delegates of the State, that shall be in Congress, be 
directed to give them all necessary aid therein — And that His 
Excellency the Governor be desired to address a fall State of their 
Claims ft suflferings to Congress, and solicit the Protection of th^ 
Hon* Body, in their Behalf, untill a final adjudication of the s* 
Cause shall be had. 

A true Copy of Becord 

Ex* by G. Wyllis, Sec^, 

^ A true Copy of a Copy, 

Ex* by Jon. Trumbull, Govr. 
Vol. X-— 6 


Memorial of Ephraim Douglass, 1788. 

To the Hononble the Sapreme Eteoutive Council of the Common 
Wealth of PennsyWania. 

The Memorial of Ephraim Donglass hnmbly shewcth, 

That haying to his principles made an early sacrifice of hig 
interest, he entered into, and continued in the service of bis countrj 
till the loss of health conspiring with other misfortunes obliged him 
to retire at a time when his return to civil life offered him no 
prospect of a return to his former pursuits in it. That he has since 
earned a precarious subsistence by the accidental services he has 
been occasionally employed to perform ; but being now altogether 
without business and strongly desirous of obtaining some permanent 
independent employment he looks up to your Honorable Body for 
the accomplishment of that desire with all the confidence which a 
knowledge of your justice and readiness in rewarding your faithful 
servants can inspire. 

That your Memorialist having heard of a new county being created 
from a part of Westmoreland, begs leave humbly to offer himself • 
candidate for the office of Prothonotary in the County of Fayette 
and prays your acceptance of his services. 

Tour Memorialist as in duty bound will ever pray. 

Philadelphia, 2 October, 1783. 

Proposals for Supplying the Troops with Provisiok 
AT Wyomikq, 1783, 

Proposals for supplying the Troops with Provision at Wyoming by 
Capt. Wm. Wilson. 

for 1 lb of Bread or Flower, 3} 
1 lb of Beef or} lb Pork, 5 
1 Gill Liquor, &c., 2} 

* See Col. Rec, Vol. XHI., p. 706. 


Petition John Reynolds, Gaolbe, 1783, 

His Excellency, John Diokinsoiii Esquire, president of the State of 
PennsyWania & the Sapremo Ezecative Coancil. 

Whereas, William Tricket & Samuel Crandle Received Sentence 
on Monday Last, to stand in the Pillory one hour this day for 
Counterfeiting Coppers of Base Mettle; & Ann Pembroke Also 
Beceive Sentence on Monday last, To be publickly Whiped, twenty- 
mie Lashes for a Grand Laceny by her Committed, this punishment 
to be Inflicted this day, as the Weather is so bad it may Indanger 
the healths of the Criminals and they not so publickly Exposed, I 
therefore pray his Excellency and the Supreme Executive Council 
would be pleased to remit their punishments Untill Saturday Next. 
I am with Great Respect his Excellencv's and the Supreme Execu- 
tive Councirs Most Obedient & Humble Serv% 


October 8«^ 1783. 

Council to Dougherty & Espt, 1788. 

In Council; Philad% October 9th; 1783. 
Gentlemen : 

Council has received your Letter of the 29th of last Month.* 
The Board desires that the Sheriff of Bedford County may im- 
mediately convey the Prisoners with the utmost Dispatch ft all pos- 
sible privacy under a guard of six or seven men well armed to 
Lancaster Gaol, & there deliver them to the Sheriff of that County, 
to be by him safely kept. The State will pay the charges of re- 
moving them. 

In passing thro Cumberland County, the Sheriff of Bedford, will 
if it is convenient obtain the authority, & if necessary the assistance 
of the Sheriff of Cumberland. 

DAVID ESPY, Bedford. 

Report on Indian affairs, 1783. 

The United States in Congress Assembled 

Wednesday, October 15th, 1788. 
The Committee consisting of Mr. Duane, Mr. Peters, Mr. Car- 
roll, Mr. Hawkins & Mr. A Lee, to whom were referred Sundry 

* See page 114. 


letters and papers'*" relative to IndiaD affairs, report that they haTe 
Btteutivelj oonsidered the several papers referred to them & have 
conferred thereon with the Commander in Chief that their report 
willr bo confined to Indian affairs in the Northern & Middle depart 
ments, as they are defined by the Acts of Congress of the 12(h of 
July, 1775, and to the settlement of the Western Country ; the 
subjects being in the opinion of the committee inseparably con< 
nected, and the committee not being possessed of materials which 
enable them to extend their views to the southern district, that it is 
represented, and the committee believe with truth, that although 
the hostile Tribes of Indians in the Northern & Middle departments 
seriously disposed to a pacification, yet they are not in a temper to 
relinquish their territorial claims without further struggles. That 
if an Indian war should be re-kindled, repeated victories might pro- 
duce the retreat of the Indians, but could not prevent then^ from 
regaining possession of some part of the distant and extensive 
territorieS| which appertain to the United States, that while such 
temporary expulsions could only be effected at a great charge, they 
could not be improved to the smallei^t advantage, but by maintain- 
ing numerous garrisons and an extensive peace establishment ; That 
even if all the Northern & Western Tribes of Indians Inhabiting 
the territories of the United States, could be totally expelled, the 
policy of reducing them to such an extremity is deemed to be ques- 
tionable, for in such an event, it is obvious that they would find a 
welcome reception from the British Government in Canada which by 
60 great an accession of strength would become formidable in case 
of any future rupture, & in peace by keeping alive the resentment 
of the Indians for loss of their country, would secure to its own 
subjects the entire benefit of the Fur-Trade. 

That although motives of policy as well as clemency ought to 
Incline Congress to listen to the prayers of the hostile Indians for 
peace yet in the opinion of the committee it is just & necessary that 

* These are enumerated in a printed sheet and a portion of the for^^ing, 
the introductory paragraph being as follows, to wit : The committee, consist- 
ing of Mr. Duane, Mr. Peters, Mr. Carroll, Mr. Hawkins and Mr. Lee, to 
whom were referred a report on Indian affairs, read in Congress on the 2l8t 
of April last ; a letter from General Schuyler, one of the commissioners of 
Indian affairs for the northern district dated the Uth of August last, with 
messages to and from certain hostile Indians on the subject ot peace ; a let- 
ter dated the same day, from Ebeneier Allen, employed to assist Mr. Bull, a 
messenger sent by the board of war by order of Congress, to announce the 
cessation of hostilities to the Indians in the western country ; a report from 
the board of war, dated the 19th of August, accompanying a narrative of 
£phraim Douelass, another messenger to the Indian tribes with sundry 
enclosares ; a letter fl*om the commander in chief, with instructions accom- 
panying the same ; extract of a letter to the commander in chief fh>m 
general Ilaldlman, commanding for his Britannic msjestv in Canada, dated 
the 17th of August; a letter from the commander in chief, dated the 26th 
of August, and its enclosures, and a letter from brigadier general Irwine, 
dated the 8d of September instant. 


lines of property should be ascertained and established between the 
United States and them, which will be convenient to the respective 
tribes & commensnrate to the public wants, because the faith of the 
United States stands pledged to grant portions of the uncultivated 
lands as a bounty to their army, & in reward of their courage and 
fidelity : k the publick finances do not admit of any considerable 
expenditure to eztioguish the Indian Claims upon such lands : be- 
eause it is become necessary by the increase of domestic population 
& emigrations from abroad, to make Speedy provision for extending 
the settlement of the territories of the United States ; & because 
the public Creditors have been led to believe, & have a right to ex- 
pect that those territories will be speedily improved into a fund 
towards the security & payment of the national debt ; nor in the 
Opinion of the Committee can the Indians themselves have any 
l«asonable objection against the establishment recommended. They 
were as some of them acknowledge, aggressors in the war, without 
even a pretence of provocation, they violated the convention neutrality 
made with Congress in Albany, 1775, & in return for preferred pro- 
teetion and liberal supplies; & to the utter ruin and impoverishment 
of thousands of Families they wantonly desolated our villages and 
settlements, and destroyed our Citizens. To stop the progress of 
their outrages, the war, at a vast expence to the United States, was 
earried into their own country, which they abandoned, weaving then 
the right of conquest, and the various precedants which might be 
quoted in simihur instances, a bare recollection of the facts is suffi* 
» eient to manifest the obligation they are under to make atonement 
for the enormities which they have perpetrated, & a reasonable com- 
pensation for the expences which the United States have incurred 
by their wanton barbarity, & they possess no other means to do this 
act of justice than by a compliance with the proposed boundaries; 
the committee are of opinion that in the negooiation which they re- 
commend ; care ought to be taken neither to yield nor require too 
mooh, to accommodate the Indians as far as the public good will 
admit, and if they should appear dissatisfied at the lines, which may 
be found necessary to establish rather to give them some compensa- 
tion for their Claims, than to hazard a war, which will be much more 
expensive ; but it is supposed, that when they shall be informed oft 
the estimates of the damages which our Citizens have sustained by 
their irruptions, & of the expenses which the United States have 
incurred to check their career, it will have a tendency to suppress 
any extravagant demands.'' Whereupon, 

Besolved, that a convention be held with the Indians residing in 
the Northern and Middle departments, who have taken up arms 
against the United States, for the purpose of receiving them into 
the favour & protection of the United States and of establish boun- 
dary lines of property for seperating & dividing the settlements of 
the Citizens from the Indian Villages and hunting grounds ; & here- 
by extanguiahing as &r as possible all occasion foe fat«i% As^Wp 


ties, disqaiet & oontenlioQ ; that first, & as a prelimiDary, it sball be 
reqaired that a^l the prisoners of whatever age or sex among these 
Indians shall be deli?ered up. 

Secondly, that the Indians be informed that after a contest of 
eight years for the Sovereignity of this Country. Great Britian has 
relinquished to the United States all claim to the Country within 
the limits described by the second article of the provisional treaty 
between the United States & the King of Great Britian on the 
thirteenth day of November, in the year 1782/ that is to say, from 
the north-west angle of Nova Scotia, &ca. 

Thirdly, that as the Indians notwithstanding a solemn treaty of 
neutrality with Congress at the commencement of the war, notwith- 
standing all the advice and admonition given them during its prose- 
cution could not be restrained from acts of hostility & wanton 
do?astation, but were determined to join their arms to those of 
Great Britain, & to share their fortunes, so consequently with a less 
generous people than Americans, they might be compelled to retire 
beyond the Lakes, but as we prefer clemency to rigor, as we pur- 
suade onrseWes that their Eyes are open to their error & that they 
have found by fatal experience that their true interest & safety depend 
upon our friendship ; as the country is large enough to oontam ft 
support us all, & as we are disposed to be kind to themi to supply 
their wants and partake of their trade ; we from these eonsiderations 
& from motives of compassion draw a veil over what is passed, and 
will establbh a boundary line between them and us, beyond which 
we will restrain our Citizens from hunting and setling & within 
which the Indians shall not come, but for the purposes of trading, 
treating or other business equally unexceptionable. Fourthly, that 
the following lines shall be proposed to be mutually agreed upon & 
established between the United States and the several tribes of 
Indians who shall be efifected thereby ; Beginning at the mouth 
of the great Miami River, which empties into the Ohio, thenoe 
along the said River Miamis to its confluence with the Mad River, 
thence by a direct line to the Miamis Fort at the Village of that 
name on the other Miamis River, which empties into Lake Brie, 
thence along the last mentioned river to Lake Erie, comprehending 
all the lands between the above mentioned lines, & the State of 
Pennsylvania on the East, Lake Erie on the North, and the river 
Ohio on the South-East. Fifthly, that the commissioners for the 
Northern & middle departments, or such other persons as may be 
appointed by Congress, unite together in holding one convention 
with the Indians inhabiting the districts aforesaid & their Allies & 
dependants for the purposes aforesa' & only yield to separate con- 
ventions in case of inevitable necessity. Sixthly, and whereas the 
Oneidas and Tuscarora tribes have adhered to the cause of America and 
joined her arms in the course of the late war, & Congress had fre* 
quently assured them of peculiar marks of favour & friendship, the 
said eommissioners are therefore instructed to re-asaore the said 


tribes of the friendship of the United States, that they may rely 
that the knda which they claim as their ioheritanoe will be reserved 
for their sole ase and benefit until they may think it for their own 
adTantage to dispose of the same. Seventhly, that the said com- 
missioners be, and they are hereby instructed to obtain a particular 
aooount of the French Inhabitants at Detroit, Illinois and other 
Villages within the territories of the United States, & that they give 
assurances in the name of the United States, to those Inhabitants 
who shall profess their allegeanoe to the United States that they 
■hall be protected in the full enjoyments of their liberty, & their 
just & lawfull property. Eightly, that the said Commissioners be, k 
they are hereby instructed not to admit into a treaty with the said 
Indians or sufifer to be in any manner connected with it any article 
stipulation or condition whatsoever making or conforming or tend- 
ing to make or oonfirm to any individual or individuals any Grant 
or Grants of land whether real or pretended within the bounds of 
the United States as before described. 

Ninthlv, that the said Commissioners be, & they are hereby also 
iDstracted to obtain Information of the numbers & place of resi- 
dence of the Citizens of the United States, who have seated them- 
■elves on the North-west side of the Ohio ; to si^ify to them the 
displeasure of Congress, that they have taken this step with which 
the public Interest and repose are so intimately connected without 
permission or authority, and to discourage to the utmost of their 
power, all intrusions into any of the territories of the United States, 
within their respective departments. 

And, whereas the trade with the Indians ought to be regulated & 
■eonrity be given by the trader for the punctuid observance of such 
leguUtions, so that violence, fraud and injustice towards the Indians 
may be guarded against & prevented, & the honor of the federal 
government & the public tranquility thereby promoted. Resolved, 
that a committee be appointed, with instructions to prepare and 
seport an Ordinance for regulating the Indian Trade, with a clause 
thanin, Strictly prohibiting all Civil k Military Officers, particu- 
larly all Commissioners & Agents for Indian affiurs, from trading 
with the Indians or purchasing or being directly or indirectly oon- 
OBTDed in purchasing lands from the Indians, except only by the ez- 
m« iieenoe k authority of the United States, in Congress Assem- 

The Members chosen Mr. Clarke, Mr. Carroll k Mr. Montgomery. 
Sesolved, that the proceeding measures of Congress relative to 
Indian affairs, shall not be construed to affect the territorial claims of 
any of the States, or their legislative rights within their respective 

The oommlttee in their report observe further that they do not 
Oflbr the measures which they have suggested as a sufficient security 
against the increase of feeble, disorderly k dispersed settlements in 
those remote k wide-extended territories; against the depravity of 


mannen, wbicli tbey have a tendency to produce ; tbe endleu per- 
plexities in which thej must involve the administration of tbe affiiirs 
of the United States, or against tbe calamities of frequent and 
destructive wars with the Indians, which reciprocal animosities 
unrestrained by tbe interposition of legal authority must naturally 
excite, & that in their opinion, nothing can avert those complicated 
& impending mischiefs, or secure to the United States the just and 
important advantages which they ought to derive from those territo- 
ries ; but tbe speedy establishment of Government & the regular 
administration of justice in such district thereof, as shall be judged 
most convenient for immediate Settlement & Cultivation. 

Whereupon Re8o]ved,"that it will be wise and necessary as soon 
as circumstances shall permit, to erect a district of the western 
territory into a district Government as well for doing justice to 
the Army of the United States, who arc entitled to lands as a 
bounty or in reward of their services, as for the accommodation of 
such as may incline to become purchasers and inhabitants, & in the 
interim that a Committee be appointed to report a plan consistent 
with the principles of the Confederation for connecting with the 
Union by a temporary Governm^ The purchasers & inhabitants of 
tbe said district untill their number & circumstances shall entitle 
them to form a permanent constitution for themselves & as Citiiens 
of a free sovereign & independent State to be admitted to a repre- 
sentation in the Union provided always that such constitution shall 
not be incompatable with the republican principles, which are the 
basis of the constitutions of the respective States in the Union.— 
The Members Chosen, 

Mr. Duonoi Mr. Madison & Mr. S. Huntington. 

The United States in Congress Assembled 

Thursday, October 30th, 1783. 

Whereas it appears that the application of the legislature of 
Pennsylvania relative to a treaty of the purchase of the Indian 
Claim to lands within the jurisdiction of that State, proceeded from 
a respeotful attachment to the foederal Government, & a desire to 
guard against prejudices, which might arise from the interferenoe of 
their own particular views with the authority of the United States | 
that the public interest might have been deeply affected by ne- 
gotiation for such purchase, independent of & unconnected with the 
General treaty, to be holdcn on behalf of the United States. 

Resolved, that the commissioners for holding tbe convention with 
the Indians under the act of the fifteenth day of October, instant, 
give notice to the Supreme executive of the State of Pennsylvania 
of the time & place of holding such treaty to the end that the per- 
sons to be appointed by that State for purchasing lands within the. 
limits thereof, at the expenoe of the said state, may attend for the 
Sole purpose of making such purchase at the time & place appointed 


for holding the Mid treaty, & the Gommissionen on the part of the 
United Sutes, are instructed to give every assistance in their power 
to tke commissioners who may l^ appointed on the part of Penneyl- 
vania towards promoting the interest of that State as far at the 
same may consist with the General interest of the Union. 

Indorsed^ — 1783, rec* Jannary 24th. Report of a Committee 
of Congress of the 25th September, 1783, digested into a Resole^ 
tion & Transmitted to the Gen. Assembly on the 29th of Jan. 
J. A. Read 1 time Jan^ 29, 1784. 

Michael Huffnaqlb to Maj. John Armstbong, 1783. 

Pittsburg, September 25th; 1783 
Dear Sir, 

Inclosed I send you Col. Coxo's answer to the Questions I pnt to 
him, which you'll please to communicate to Council, from the answer 
of Mr. Campbell and Col. Cox they both mention that they look upon 
me as an interested person. (I shall always think myself happy 
and shall always be ready to comply with any request that Council 
may demand of me Consistent with my duty) for which reason I 
oould wish that some other person might be mentioned, although 
at the same time if Council think proper that I should finish the 
Business^ I shall with pleasure do it. 
I have the Honor to be, 

your most obt Hbble. Servt. 

Msjor John Armstrong. 

I would mention that if I did not before that what Coz wae 
Indicted for was for acting after the agreement. 

M. N. 
Directed^ — Mnjor John Armstrong, 

Gabriel Cox to MicnAEL Huffnagle, 1788. 


I am not so much of a Lawyer as to be able perfectly to comprehend 
the drift or meaning of the several Questions you were pleased to pot 
to me, in yoor favour without date, but if I was to give my opinion^ 
would declare they seem rather calculated to perplex rather than 
investigate the matter. I heartily and sincerely wish the Executive 
Council to be truly informed of every thing relative to the prose* 
cutions, or what might be now properly called persecutions against 
me ID this County for executing my duty as an officer of Virginia 
& shall be very ready to answer them or any person disinterested, 
every Question that can lead to information on the subject, you or 
any person can by recurrring to the Clerks offices of Washington 
County have, if yoa choose to be at the expence. Copies of all the 



O/ntfh* vf Ptf;b. ij vLoR^orien j:« mj j«« mk job vi£ a 
V. '/'.piLs.u.jMU is «&:», sbi ^cm u>€t viH bf: fMOHBi at 
k I* J!>i»&swftt %yJo^ Vjz mj WA bcug &:«« lanenkr aa 

Evy yjsx Bcd Oli^ EOue. T 


DZLIKATZS 15 CC5Gi:££s 70 AS523C2LT, 17SSL 

Prmcetoa, &pL ^Sd^ 17SS. 

W« Lar^e tL<e Dcatt to trasiiDii tLe Proeeeduigs of CwgiiM oa 
tbt ifuljtei <vf tlie Iftfttrnctions of iLe Hooble. Hook itktiwe «i tki 
pro^iied PareLiM '>f the Ibdla&s bh&biuDg or rfaimiag Piut «f tka 
T«mUvj of J^^DLfylTania. Bj tfaoae Proeceding t^ Hows viii 
^«e«iv« tbo oUtaclef to a Complknee with t&r Wirfca Tka 
i'oiDiaitlet on Indian Aflkin hare made a Beport whkk is worn befora 
CobgreMi & tbia Dajr ia appointed for ita Diacoaaoa. Tlie Prindpak 
of ttiat iieport militate agaibfet the Idcaa of the Honaa with .~^ 

to tL« proiz/sed PorcLa&e. It u intended to inskft as Part of the 
Forms of Peaoc that the Safagea shall withoot Compenaatioii 
abandon Part of tbeir Conntrj to the United Sutes who daim it bj 
il'ttk*\MH%\, A: as a lUtribution for the Expenoe k, Damaged ineuied 
b/ tbe hostile k cruel Conduct of the Sarages eoolrarj lo the 
Advice & Injunctions of the United States. A Boundary Line k 
propoMxl to be established between the Indians k, the Citiaena of 
these Htates k it was believed that if any partieokr State made a 
Purchase it would obstruct the general Measures, as the Indiana 
would not agree to the Dereliction of any Part of their Country aa 
a Compensation for the Expences k Ravages oocasioned by the War 
when they find that tho' tbe ecneral Council refuse it they^saa 
obtain Money for it from the Indiyidual States. Whether these 
Principles bo just or the Policy adviscable we do not pretend to 
determine. We held it our Duty to state the Impediment preventing 
Congress from agreeing to the Propositions of the States k leave the 
lionble. Uouse to determine as they in their Wisdom shall think 

Wo have the Ilonor to be, 

with the greatest Kespect your very obedt Servants, 

Directed^ On public Service, 

lionble. F. A. 3Iuhlcnberg Speaker of the Honble Honae of 
Aasembly of Pennsylvania^ Philadelphia. 


Bscftunixra Insibuctions fo& Majoe Moorb, 1788. 

Reoruiting Instraction for Major Moore, 1788. 

In Council Philadelphia, September 26ib, 1783. 

Agreeably to our Communioatioas of yesterday, you will prooeed 
immediately to inliat and embody two Companies of Infantry con- 
sistiDg oi one Serjeant Major, one Quarter Master Serje^it, eight 
Serjeants, eight Corporals, Two Drummers, Two Fifers, and one 
hundred and twenty six privates. 

In performing this service you will please to conform strictly to 
the following rules. 

First, To guard against imposition, every Recruit, before his 
attestation be signed is to be earfully examined, least he should 
have a rupture, fits or some other disease which may render him 
incapable of performing the more active duties of the Soldier. All 
auch are to be absolutely rejected, and those of the best Character, 
both as Soldiers and Men to be selected. 

Secondly, When an unexceptionable Recruit shall be engaged, 
you are to take or send him to some Justice of the Peace who 
finding him to be sober, and having read to him the form of the 
iulistment receipt and attestation is to cause such Recruit to sign 
the said inlistment and receipt and then to administer to him the 
oath herewith inclosed ; duplicates of which attestation inlistment 
and receipt, the Justice shalj witness. Of these one oopy is to be 
transmitted to this Board ; The otl^er you will retain in your own 

Thirdly, The inclosed form of Enlistment receipt and attestation 
is to be invariably observed. 

Fourthly, As an encouragement to such Recruit immediately to 
inlist you are authorized to ofifer on the part of the State the fol- 
lowing RatioD, one pound of flour, one pound of beef, or three 
quarters of a pound of Pork k one gill of whiskey per man per Day, 
on^qnart of Salt & two quarts of Vinegar to every hundred rations, 
Eight pounds of Soap & three pounds of Candles to every seven 
hundred rations, one suit of Regimental Cloaths annually oonaisting 
of one Regimental Coat, one woollen Vest, one pair of woollen Over- 
alls, (»e blanket, two Shirts, two pair of Shoes two pair of Soaks, 
one Hat, and ten Watch Coats to each Company and the following 
Monthly pay to wit. 

Serjeant Major & Quarter Master Serjeant, each, eight dollars per 


Seijeants, seven dollars, do. 

Corpcmds, five dollars, do. 

]Dn.»j««lPif««.d| . . r . fb«d^,d,. 


fifthly. As an additional enoouragement to the aerrioe, yon are 
at liberty to give any anm not exoeediog four dollars for ofiary 
saffioient stand of arms and aoooutrements furnished by the Beornit 
whom yon may engage. 

Sixthly, No farionghs to be given to any Reeruit till' the farther 
order of Conncil. 

Seventh ty, Council expect a weekly report of your progress in 
tliis business, till' it be concluded. 

lam &c.. 

J. D. 

Acknowledgement and A(te$(ati<m of , 

Mama. Ag«. H«igl4. Complexion, iflaoe Born. Trad* or OocupaMon. 

I do acknowledge myself to be fairly and truly inlisted in the 
service or the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and corps of foot 
commanded by Major James Moore, for the space of two years^ 
unless sooner discharged ; and that I have received the sum of 

in advance of pay. In 
witnesss whereof, I have set my hand, this day of 

Anno Domini, 178 

I do swear to be true and faithful to the commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania ; that I will faithfully serve it in the oorps of foot comman- 
ded by Major James Moore, fur the space of two years from the 
date of this attestation, unless sooner discharged ; and that I will 
be obedient to the orders of the Supreme Executive Counoil, the 
Legislature of the state, and the Officers by them set over me, 
aooording to the continental articles of war, or such other wticles as 
some future assembly of the state may establish for the gorenuuinfc 
of the corps to which I belong. So help me God. 
Sworn before me this p 

day of 178 

Directed, — (on publo service) To Major James Moore present, 


State of Pennsylvania, In General Assembly, 

Monday, September 15, 1783, A. M., 
The report of the committee appointed to bold conferences with 
the city morcbants, read September 10, was read the second time, 
vitid adopted as follows, viz ; 


That they have had- randiy eonfevenoee with a eommittee of the 
aerohaiite of Philadelphia toachioK the inland commeroe of this 
State, that they are aorry to find &e aame anbjeoted to bo many 
obatrootions owing to the roinoos eondition of the pahlic roada 
throoghoat this atate — no ohjeot however Btrikea your committee in 
■0 fordble a manner, as that of condaeting the strea^ms of oommeroa 
from the river Susqaehanna to the port of Philadelphia; This yoar 
eommittee are fally satisfied, can be done in no other mode so easy 
aa by improving the navigation of the Schuylkill np to Reading, 
and making durable and lasting roads from thenoe to anoh part or 
parts of the Susquehanna as offer the most easy communioation with 
the fertile lands westward thereof — ^A town or towns laid out and 
enconraged by government, in such situation or situations on the 
east aide of the said river, would, in the opinion of your committee, 
be attended with capital advantages to the trade of Philadelphia, aa 
every inhabitant of such town or towns would in some degree be a 
fiwtor for the Philadelphia market. 

Your Committee therefore oSier the following resolutions to the 
honorable House. 

First, — ^To view the different roads leading from Susquehanna to 
Reading and Philadelphia, and point out the most practicable mode 
of improving and repairing the same, and to consider of the most 
probable way of opening a communication between the rivers 
Snuquehanna and Schuylkill — to form estimates of the ezpences to 
carry the above designs into execution and to report their pro- 
ceedings with all possible expedition to the next House of Assembly. 

Second, — ^To receive the proposals of such person or persons aa 
nay offer lands to the public for the purpose of building a town or 
towns on the east bank of the Susquehanna. 

Third,— To examine the navigation of the Susquehanna to the 
Bonrees of the same, and ascertain aa near as conveniently may bci 
where the northern boundary of this atate will fall, particularly 
whether any part of lake Erie is within the state of Pennsylvania, 
taking particular notes of the nature and geography of the county 
aa to the practicability of roads, water carriage, air, soil, natural 
fftodnetiona, &ca. 

On motion. 

Resolved, that the same Commissioners view the river Delaware, 
and report to the next Assembly, the most probable mode of re- 
moving every obstruction, and improving the navigation thereof, 
with an estimate of the expenoe. 

Ordered, that this house will on Saturday next proceed to elect 
BIX Commissioners for the purposes contained in the foregoing 

Saturday, September 20, 1783, A. M., 

Agreeable to the order for the day, the House proceeded to 
elect six Commissioners for the purposes expressed in the resolutions 
adopted September 15, and the ballots being taken, it appeared, 


that David RittcnfaoaBey Thomas HQtohiiiSy and Nathan Sellen, 
Esqaires, were duly eleoted for performing the duties mentioned in 
the first and second of the aforesaid resolutions — and that William 
Maclaji James Wilkinson and William Montgomery, EsquireS| 
were also duly elected for the performing the duties mentioiied ia 
the third and in the last of those resolutions. 

On motioui 

Ordered, that Mr. Delaney, Mr. G-. Gray and Mr. Slough be n 
committee to report instructions to the Commissioners above named» 
conformable to the resolutions adopted September 15. 

Friday, September 26, 1783, A. M. 

The report of the committee, appointed to report instructions to 
the Commissioners nominated to view the different roads leading 
from Susquehanna to Beading and Philadelphia, and to consider <a 
the most probable mode of opening a communication between the 
rivers Susquehanna and Schuylkill, and of improving the navigation 
of the river Delaware ; read September 28, was read the second 
time and adopted as follows, (viz.) ^ 


The intentions of the Assembly to promote the welfare and hap* 
piness of the State, are so fully explained in the resolutions pointing 
out your duty, that it would be needless and unnecessary to be 
more particular, it remains therefore only to inform you, it is the 
earnest desire of the House, that you proceed with all possible eX" 
pedition on the business of your appointment, and that evei^ neoes- 
ary ezpence attending the prosecution of your duty, will be paid 
out of the treasury of the State K>n orders drawn by tfaie president in 
Council, to whom you are to apply, and report to them an estimate 
of such Instruments and otber necessaries as you may want. 
Inclosed you have a copy of the resolutions, to which you will give 
particular attention. 

On motion, 

Hesolved, that the Commissioners appointed to view the obstrufr* 
tions to the navigation of the river Delaware, be, and the same are 
hereby appointed Commissioners in behalf of this State in conjunc- 
tion with Commissioners on behalf of the State of New Jersey, to 
ascertain and determine wbatlslands in the river Delaware above the 
falls of Trenton belong to each state, agreeable to the Law in thai 
case mode and provided, passed September, 20 instant. 
Extract from the minutes, 


Clerk of the General Assembly. 


Sib Guy Carlbton to Pres. Dickinson, 1783. 

New York, 27th September, 1783. 

I have delayed answering your Excellency's letter of the 5ih 
Inttant* nntill now, in hopes that some of the offenders named in 
the Proclamations and certificates yon enclosed, might have beea 
foand and apprehended here. But although diligent enquiry hat 
been made, it has hitherto been without success. 

Should any of those fuffitives from Justice be diiiOTered here 
while I remain, they shall be apprehended and I will inform your 
EseelleDcy thereof. 

I am Sifi your Excellency's 

most obedient and 

most humble servant 

DirecUd^ To His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq'. 

Council to Cafe. P. Shrawdbr, 1783. 

In Council, 

Philadelphia, September 27th, 1783. 

Council direct, that an accurate return of all publie stores at 
Wyoming, may be immediatelv made for their information. I have 
also to inform you that in a late Election by this Board you were 
appointed to the command of one of the two companies to be raised 
for the &rther defence of this Commonwealth. The recr^iting of 
this Corps is specially committed to the Commanding Omcer 
Uajor James Moore of the Pennsylvania Line whose orders you 
will hereafter obey. jCouncil conceive it necessary that you should 
eentinue at the post and proceed to act in that line of defigence and. 
industry which has already so well deserved their approbation. 
Many reasons make it prudent, if not necessary, that this appoint- 
ment should be concealed from the Garrison. Among others it is 
to be feared that if they were acquainted with it they might relax 
in their obedience. You will be pleased to make immediate report 
whether Mr. Weitzle has closed with the proposals of Council, and 
what quantity of provisions you have on hand. 
• lam 

with much respect 

your most obedient 

and very humble servant, 

JOHN ARMSTRONG, jr., Sec'y. 
Directed, On public Service, 

To Captain Philip Schrawdcr, of the Rangers, al Wyoming. 

« See page 101. 


Pbes. Dickinson, to Maj. J. Moorb. 

Id CoaDcn, October 18'^ 1783. 

Gonndl fbllj oonfidiDg in your Integrity, Ability & Indiutryi 
eommita to you the important charge, the Fort and Poet at Wyom- 
ing, and wiehes yon & the other officers now in Town, to repair to 
that place as soon as possible with the Men that are inlisted 

We do nil doubt but the utmost oare will be taken that the 
Troops behave themseWes regularly, & that not the least injury be 
done to any of the Citizens of the State. Upon your arrival therej 
you will endeavour to complete the Companies by enlistiBg such of 
the soldiers in the Garrison as may be approved of agreeably to the 
Instructions we have given, k who have no improper Connection in the 
neighbourhood. If a sufficient number of such Men oannot be pro- 
cured in the Garrison, we would desire, that an officer may be sent 
down to this City to make up the Complement. 

As you go by Harris's Ferry you will take with you such of tfie 
Military stores at that place as may be necessary. 

Peculiar Circumstances strongly point out the propriety of desir- 
ing you in a verv particular Manner constantly to employ the 
utmost Vigilance & Alertness for the security of the Fort, & the 
Maintenance of the Station. 

It is expected (as in the Instructions to Captains, B. & S.)* 

It is our desire that as long as it may be necessary to keep up the 
garrison, it shall at no time be left without a supply of one Month's 
provisions in stock for the compleat Elstablishment of the two com- 
panies; and that for this purpose you will co^espond with John 
Weitzel Esquire. 

We should be glad to have a return of all the millitary storesi and 
early, frequent & exact Intelligence of your proceedings & of every 
circumstance that may concern the Interest of the State. 

With the most entire Reliance upon your Fidelity Prudence and 

I am Sir, your 

most obdt. & hble. servt., 


P. S. — On your arrival at Wyoming you will please to muster and 
inspect the troops now there, making exact returns to us. You will 
then express to the Officers & Soldiers, the grateful sense we enter- 
tain of tbeir services and discbarge them. 

To Major James Moore. 

* See pnge 100. Robinson and Shrawder. 


Thb Petition op the Inhabitants of York Town, 1788. 

To His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esaaire, President, and the 

Honourable Exeontive Council of the Com mon-r Wealth of 

Pennsylvania, now sitting at Philadelphia; October, 1783. 
Most humbly Shew, 

That a Number of Troops (commonly called Armand's Legion,) have 
been Quartered among Your Petitioners about ten Months ogo; and 
tha^many of said Troops are very mischievous and trouble|Dme to Your 
Petitioners, but they contrive it so Crafty that it is a him matter to 
discover the Fact, and have them brought to Justice, and which 
they conceive would be equally dangerous. 

And that Your Petitioners have been very Subtilly deceived at 
first, being only required to keep them for a few Days, but have been 
here ever since, and no likelihood of being yet removed. 

And that many of Your Petitioners might have had the Benefit 
of Letting some Apartments of their Dwelling, was it not| that some 
of said Troops were Quartered therein. 

And that Your Petitioners presume to be highly injured in their 
Property and deprived of their Liberty, (which they conceive to be 
equally in titled to enjov the same, as other faithful Citizens of this 
Common-Wealth,} if the said Troops are not immediately removed 
from this Place. 

And that Your Petitioners would be willing to bear the Burthen 
with patience, were it General throughout this Common*Wealth. 

Your Petitioners therefore most earnestly solicit Your Excellency 
and the Honourable Council, to lend an Ear to their Excessive Bur- 
then some Grievances, and Order that the said Troops may be Quar- 
tered in Barracks, which your Petidoners presume would be more 
convenient and agreeable to the Troops, and less Injurious to Indi- 
viduals, and would Relievo Your Petitioners of a very heavy and 
disagreeable Burthen, in which they most humbly Pray Redress. 
And Your Petitioners as in duty bound, &c., will pray. 

Joseph Welshanoe, Philip Rothrock| 
Samuel Leedy, John Jones, 

Frederick Lowmaater, Andrew Weyer, 

Jacob Garnet, 
Jaoob Updegraff, 
Joseph Updegraff, 
Jacob Luther, 
John Myer, 
Adam Grover, 
Francis Worley, 
John Rothrook, 
Benjamin GorgaSi 
Samuel Gorgas, 

Anth Weycr, 
Henry Cuninghami 
John Ualler, 
Martin Ragb, 
.George Finok, 
John Can, 
Martin Bound, 
Josua Purit, 
Alexander Brau, 
John Molntiroi 

John Moore, 
George Miles, 
Henry Wolff, jonior, 
Reraid Harr, 
Jacob Geartner, 
William Welch, 
Caleb Kirk, 
Samuel Fisher, 
Jacob Worly, 
John Lieut, 
Martin Cronmillon, 
John Sheafer, 
Sam^ Updergraff, 

aiul others. 


A Proclamation for THANKSGiviNa by Conqrkss, 1788. 

Bj The United States in Congress Assembled. 

Whereas it hath pleased the Supreme Ruler of all human Events 
to dispose the hearts of the late belligerent power to put a period to 
the Effusion of human blood, by proclaiming a Cessation of all 
hostilities by sea & land, and these United States are not only hap- 
pily rescueflfrom the dangers & calamities to which they have been 
so long Exposed, but their freedom sovereignity & Independence 
ultimately acknowledged : And, Whereas in the progress of a con- 
test on which the most essential rights of human nature depended, 
the interposition of divine providence in our favor hath been Most 
abundantly & most graciously manifested, and the Citisens of these 
United States have every reason for praise & gratitude to the Ood 
of their salvation. Impressed therefore with an exalted sense of the 
blessings by which we are surrounded, & of our entire dependence on 
that Almighty being, from whose Goodness and bounty they are de- 
rived. The United States in Congress Assembled, do recommend it to 
the the several States to set a part the second Thursday in December 
next, as a day of public thanksgiving, that all the people may then as- 
semble to celebrate with grateful hearts and united voices the praises 
of their supreme & all bountiful Benefactor, for his numberless 
favours & mercies — ^That he hath been pleased to Conduct us in 
safety through all the perils & vicissitudes of the war; that 
he hath given us unanimity and resolution to adhere to our 
just rights ; that he hath raised up a powerful ally to assist us in 
supporting them, & hath so far crowned our United Efforts with 
success, that in the course of the present year, hostilities have 
eeased and we are left in the undisputed possession of our liberties 
and Independence, and of the fruits of our own lands, and in the 
free participation of the Treasures of the Sea ; that he hath pros- 
pered the labour of our husbandmen with plentiful harvests } and 
above all, that he hath been pleased to continue to us the light of 
the bles-ed Gospel & secured to us in the fullest extent, the rights 
of conscience in faith and Worship; And while our hearts oveiSow 
with gratitude, and our lips set forth the praises of our Great 
Creator, that we also offer up fervent supplications, that it may 
please him to pardon all our offences, to give wisdom and unani- 
mity to our public Councils, to Cement all our Citzens in the bonds 
of affection and to inspire them with an Earnest regard for the 
National honor and interest, to enable them to improve the days of 
prosperity by every good work and to be lovers of peace & tran- 
quility ; that he may be pleased to bless us in our husbandry, our 
commerce and navigation ; to smile upon our seminaries & means 
of Education, to cause pure religion & virtue to flourisb^ to give 
peace to all nations and to fill tho world with his Glory. 


Done by the UQitad States in CoDgress Assembled — ^Witness bis 
Excelleaojy Elias Boadinot, our President, ibis Eigbteentb Day 
of October^ in the year of oar Lord one thousand seven hnndred 
and -Eighty-three, and of the Sovereignty and Independence of 
the United States of America, Uie Eighth. 
Cha. Thomson, Seo'y. 


Gapt. Ja. Chrtstie to Pbbs. Dickinson, 1783. 

Easton, October 22d; 1783. 

I have arrived here this morning at 9 o'Clock, the Detaofamenl 
in good order^ only two of the soldiers which I shall ti^e the liberty 
to diioharge aa anfit f<Hr service, The one has fits & the other is in 
mob a sitnation from his own &nlts that he will be on the Doetox^a 
list during thb terra of his inlistment. 

Yonr Excellency will see the reason for the waggons being allowed 
for six days. The two first days owins to the badness of the weather 
wegotnofartber than Flower Town about twelve miles from Phila. 
& he is allowed two days to return. I expect to have everything 
ready to march this evening & will set out to morrow morning. 
I have the honor to be, 

your Excellency's most obedient Servant, 


His Excellency John Dickinson, Esqr., President of the State 

P&ss. OF CoNGBBSS TO Pbss. Dioeinson, 1783. 


Princeton, 22« October, 1783. 

Your Excellency will receive enclosed herewith a Proclamation of 
Congress of the 10th instant,']' recommending to the several Statos, 
to set apart the second Thursday in December next, as a day of 
public Thanksgiving. 

I have the honor to be, 

with great respecti 
Your Excellency's 

Most obd' and 
'\ very humb. Servt., 

JDireoUd, His Excellency, The President of Pennsylvania. 

* Bee Col. Ree. Vol., XIIL, p. 749. 
t Sm (age 186. 




.WashiDgton County, Oct' 25, 1788. 

By order of Council we receiy'd a letter the 20th of September, 
bearing Date the 24th of July, informing that the Executive of 
this Stato are astonished at the Inattention with which their Repre- 
sentation OB that subject have been Received. 

Permit us to say that every thing in our power has been adopted 
to further your Honors wish ; our County Tax has been laid and 
will soon be adjusted. And before this time might been completed^ 
but for the lateness of receiving the tax Bill, which was near the 
latter end of June, and then so few, that they in no wise answered 
the Demand of the County ; so that Business was done with the 
greatest Difficulty, but is nearly surmounted. Altho' we are certain 
every twentieth person cannot comply with the laws Requirement. 
Sir^ we Remain your Honors 
Obed< Hble. Servts. 



His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq., President of the Ezecu- 
tive Council of Pennsylvania. 

Resolution of Gongbess, Removal, 1788. 

By the United States in Congress Assembled 

October 30th, 1788. 

That in case a president shall not be chosen on or before the 12*^ 
Day of November next, the Secretary adjourn Congress on that day 
to meet at Annapolis on the 2Gth of said Month, according to the 
Resolution of the 20th Idstant 

On the Question to agree to this, the yeas & nays being required 
by Mr. Peters. 

Massachusetts. Mr. Holten, ay.' 

Mr. Oi«good, ay. 

Rhode Island. Mr. Ellery, ay. 

Mr. Howell, ay. 

Connecticut. . Mr. S. Huntington, ay. 

Mr. B. Huntington, ay. 




New York. 

New Jersey. 
Virginia. i 
N® Carolina. 
South Carolina. 

Mr. Daane, no. 

Mr. L'Hommedien^ no. 

" ~ no. 












Mr. Boudinoty 
Mr. Condicty 
Mr. Montgomery, 
Mr. Peters, 
Mr. Carroll, 
Mr. M*Henry, 
Mr. Lee, 

Mr. Mercer, ay^, > 

Mr. Hawkins, ay. ' 

Mr. Williamson, ay. ^ ' 
Mr. Read, ay. ' 

Mr. Berresford, ay. ' 
So it was Resolved in the affirmative. 
A Motion was made by Mr. Lee seconded by Mr. Holten, 
That a Committee be appointed to repair to the lower falls of 
Patomack to view the situation of the country in the vicinity of Ahe 
fame, and report a proper District for carrying into effect the reso- 
lution of the 21»» oC October. Whereupon, 

A motion was made by Mr. Howell, seconded by Mr. Carroll, to 
amend the foregoing motion by adding. 

And that the Committee appoint^ on the 7*^ day of October, 
Instant, to report the most suitable plaoe for erecting Buildings for 
the accommodations of Congress near the falls of the Delaware, be 
directed to report as soon as may be. 

On the Question to agree to this amendment the yeas & nays 
being required by Mr. Howell. 



Mr. Holten, 


Mr. Osgood, 


Rhode Island. 

Mr. EUery, 


Mr. How«ll, 



Mr* 8. Huntington, 


Mr. B. Huntington 

> ay- 

New York. 

Mr. Dnane, 


Mr. L'Hammedieu, 


New Jersey, 

iTf Mr. Boudinot, 


Mr. Condiot, 



Mr. Montgomery, 


Mr. Peters, 



Mr. Carroll, 


Mr. McHenry, 



Mr. Lee, 


Mr. Mercer, 


No. Carolina, 

Mr. Hawkins, 


Mr. Williamson, 


Sa. Carolina, "; 

Mr. Read, 


Mr. Berresford, 


So it 

was resoioved in the affirmative. 









Oo the Qaestion to agree to the motion of Mr. Lee^whioh wti 
divided from the amendment at the request of a Member the yeas ft 
nays being required by Mr. Peters. 

Rhode Island, 
New Toik, 
New Jersey, 
No. Carolina, 
So. Carolina, 

Mr. Holton, ay. 

Mr. Osgood, ay. 

Mr. Ellery, ay. 

Mr. Howell, *y* / 

Mr. 8. Huntington, ay. \ 
Mr. B. Huntington, ay. J^" 
Mr. Duane, no. 

Mr. Jj Hommedieo, no. 
^" ~ '" no. 










Mr. Boudioot, 

Mr. Condict, 

Mr. Montgomery, 

Mr. Peters, 

Mr. Carroll, ay. 

Mr. MoHenry, ay. 

Mr. Lee, ay. 

Mr Meroer, ay. 

Mr. Hawkins, ay. 

Mr. Williamson, ay. 

Mr. Head, ay. 

Mr. Berresford, ay. 

So it was resolved in the affirmative. 

The second fwrt was agreed to and the whole was as follows, 

Besolved, That a Committee be appointed to repair to the lower 

foils of Potomaek to view the situation of the Country in the vicinity 

of the same and report a proper District for carrying into effect the 

resolution of 2l8t of October and that the Committee appointed on 

the 7th of October to report the most suitable place for erecting 

Buildings for the accommodation of Congress near the foils of the 

Delaware be directed to report as soon as may be. 

The Members Mr. Hawkins, Mr. Oerry, Mr. Carroll, Mr. Meroer, 
& Mr. Williamson. 

A motion was then made by Mr. Howell seconded by Mr. 

That the President transmit to the^Executives of New Jetfey 
Pennsylvania, Maryland, & Virginia, Copies of the acts of Consress 
of the 7th Instant respecting Buildings to be erected for a federal 
Town on the Banks of the DeUware, and of the act of the 21st In- 
stant respecting Buildings to be erected on the Banks oi Potomaek 
for a second federal town, and the adjournment of Congress to 
Annapolis and that Copies be also transmitted to the several other 
States in the Union. 

A Division was called for and a question taken on the first olanse 
as far as " Delaware" inclusive passed in the affiirmative. On the 
Question to agree to the^sedond clause from Delaware to the end, 
the yeas and nays being required by Mr. Peters. 



Rhode laland, 
New Tork| 
No. Carolina, 
So. Cait>lhia, 

Mr. Holten, ay. 

Mr. Osgood, ay. 

Mr. Ellery, ay. 

Mr. Howell, ay. 
Mr. S. HaQtington, ay. 
Mr. B. HuDtingtoD, ay. 

Mr. Dnaiie, ay. 
Mr. L'Hommediea, ay. 

Mr. Boudioot, ay. 

Mr. Condict, no. 

Mr. Montgomery, no. 

Mr Peters, no. 

Mr. Carroll, ay. 

Mr. McHenry, ay. 

Mr. Lee, ay. 

Mr. Mercer, ay. 

Mr. Hawkins, ay. 

Mr. Williamson, ay. 

Mr. Read, ay. 
Mr. Berresford, 



I ay 

So it waa Resolved in the affirmative 



By the United States in Congress assembled. 

November 1, 1783. 

The committee consisting of Mr. Carroll, Mr. Dnane and Mr. S. 
Huntington, to whom was referred a motion of Mr. Wilson, to 
devise means for procuring a full representation in Congress having 

** That whether from the peculiar circumstances some of the 
states have been under during the war, or tfant the states in general 
were not sufficiently impressed with the importance of keeping up 
a constant representation in Congress, the oommittee cannot find on 
examining the journals, notwithstanding the repeated earnest recom- 
mendationB for that purpose, that all the states have been repre- 
sented at the same time : it appears that frequently there have ndt 
been more than nine states, and' too generally not more than a com- 
petent representation for the lesser objects of the confederation. As 
the articles of confederation are silent upon this subject, any further 
than by fixing the number of delegates for each state, and by de- 
elaring how many shall constitute a representation, the committee 
presume such silence was in consequence of a firm reliance that the 
states could not be inattentive to a duty not only essential to the 


interests of each state, bnt likewise to a principle o« whioh the 
federal government itself rests. 

The articles of confederation requiring, for certain pnrposeSy tha 
agreement of nine states, and as it has seldom happened more than 
that number htre attended, the committee conceive, that not only 
the injnry the pablio and individuals have suffered thereby, have 
been occasioned in many instances by the absence of the delegates 
of some of the states, but likewise that the spirit of the articles of 
confederation have been defeated, by making an unanimiij^ neces- 
sary, whereas nine only out of thirteen are required. And the 
committee are further of opinion, that unless the states pursue 
effectual measures for keeping up a constant representation another 
material object of the confederation will be frustrated. The debys 
unavoidable for want of a full representation, will they conceive, 
oblige Congress to remain sitting the whole year, whereas by the 
articles of confederatixm it appears, that it was expected part of the 
business of the United States^ would be transacted. by a committee 
of the states. 

The committee therefore are of opinion, that it should be 
earnestly recommended to the respective states, to take the most 
effectual measures to maintain at all times while Congress are sit- 
ting, a full representation, that the delay of business, which has 
proved so injurious to the public, and grievous to individuals^ may 
no longer be a subject of complaint. 

Eesolved, That Congress agree to the said report 




By Colonel Hays, I Received the Instructions from Council for 
the preserve tion of the Timber upon the reserved tract opposite to 
Pittsburg & have accordingly Notified the People of the same. At 
the same time Mr. Boggs produced to me an agreement made with 
him by General Irwin, a Copy of which I have inclosed, & Council 
will be judges of the propriety or impropriety of the same in the 
mean time he is to remain on the Land until you shall give me 
further instructions on that Subject. 

I am much obliged to Council for the appointment they have 
sent me, at the same time, I could wish to have an associate. I 
can assure you it requires a great deal of attention & care to bring 
these People into Order^ & it would require one constantly to be 
present here. 

The Judges left this yesterday on their way to Washington & 


they intend to retarn here on Saturday i I think thoy will be able 
to giTO Coancil a true State of the situation of this Country. ' 
I have the Honor to be 

your very H'ble Serr*, 

Direetedf « 

To Blajor John Armstrong, Jr., Secretary Supream Executive 
GounciL Philadelphia. 
Hon^ by Mr. McEun. 

M. HuFFNAQIiE 10 8^0*7 ABMSTEONa, 1783. 


Sinoe I wrote you the offiocrs & Soldiers of the Garrison are 
eoiting their Wood within the Reserved Tract which will take off a 
creat deal. I would likewise Mention if Council should incline to 
Lsaie oat the Land it might be done to very good hands. 


Major John Armstrong. 


To the Prendent and Executive Council of Pennsylvania. 

The Memorial and Remonstrance of the Subscribers^ Inhabitants 
of the City of Philadelphia, sheweth — 

Thaty understanding with equal apprehensions and regret, a do* 
sign is in agitation and preparations arc making to open a Theatre 
in the Suburbs of this City for the exhibitions of Stage plays or 
other pernicious amusements of the like kind, we conceive it oar 
doty to represent to you some general observations on the occasion 
in which the Virtue & Morals of the People are immediately inte* 
rested. « 

Previously remarkiog as a real subject of peculiar thankfulness 
that it hath pleased the Sovereign Ruler of all huoun events to 
dispoee the hearts of the powers lately ^' at War to put a stop to the 
effusion of human blood" by the restoration of peace wherebv the 
people of this City and of the Continent in general are happily re- 
lieved from the dangers & Calamities to which they were so long 
exposed, and the interposition of divine Providence hath been re- 
markably conspicuous for our preservation in times of groat ex- 
tremity, a serious recollection whereof ought to iniprcds every Mind 
Vol X-7. 


'^ with humble graiitade to that Almighty Being from whose boaotj 
k goodness all our blessings are derived/' but an attempt to intro- 
duce those scenes of Vanity, licentiousness and dissipation, is an 
instance of great inconsideration and depravity in those who are 
concerned in promoting them^ as it is also a contemptuous violation 
of the Laws. * 

The nature and tendency of those exhibitions lijphappily intit>- 
ducing a variety of intemperance, dissoluteness and debauchery, 
must necessarily affect every pious judicious mind with real conceni 
and excite a tender compassion towards unwary Youthy whoee Minds 
becoming vitiated by a taste of delusive pleasures grow indisposed to 
the regular laudable & virtuous satisfEustion of domestic and social 
life, and are often gradually drawn into infidelity & corrupt princi- 
ples, of which experience hath given abundant proof in those places, 
where such ensnaring amusements are allowed and encouraged. 

We also take the liberty to remonstrate on this subject as it 
affeots the respect and honour of magistracy, which Office is always 
rendered more difficult & perplexed by a greater variety of disorder 
k irregularity, and its power and authority must be weakened by a 
growing corruption of manners among the people ; these diversiona 
manifestly tending to such consequences^ we request you would con- 
sider them in these points of view. 

And as the good order and subordination in Civil Society as well 
as the exercise of the divine and social Virtues proceed from an 
attachment to the doctrine & precepts of the Christian Religion — can 
a design so evidently repugnant thereto, and experimentally mischie- 
vous in practice deserve the least encouragement ? — and should it 
not be discountenanced and suppressed in the most effectual manner? 
agreeable to the provision made by the Law in which the disappro- 
bation of such irreligious & impolitic amusements is declared by the 

A consideration of the vicious impressions which a taste for these 
diversions must stamp on the ^outh & others, tbo prejudice that 
must accrue to Industry & frugality thereby — the increase of dis^ 
orders weakening the authority of magistrates — and above all the 
open and visible detriment to true Beiigion — ^We hope and desire 
may prevail with you so effectually to interpose your authority and 
power as to put an entire stop to the undertaking, however plausibly 
disguised to elude the penalties of the Law. 

John Reynell, John Guest, Saml. Lewis, 

Isaac Zane, Williom Norton, Richard Jones, 

Aothonv Bencset, Joseph Bringhurst, Saml. Clark, 

Jam's Pemberton, James Bringhurst, James Starr, 

* Charles West, Dan'l Drinker, William Cliffton, 

David Bacon, Jno. Lynn, John Townsend, 

Ilezekiah Willinms, Ebenezer Robinson, Jno. Birohall, 

Tho's Hallowell, James Whiteall, Owen Jones, 

David Evans, Thomas Rogers, Sam. Hopkins, 

Saml. Kmlen, James Truman, llugh Roberts, 



S«m1. Garrigaes* 
Daniel Offley, junr., 
Chas Jervis, 
Caleb Carmalfc, 
Caleb Attmore, 
Christopher White, 
Joseph Drinker. 
Robert Eyans, 
Jesse Williams, 
Joshua Yarnall, 
Thomas Rogers, janr., 
John Payne, 
Rich'd Humphreys, 
John Elliott, 
D. Lawson, 
Edward Jones, 
Jos. Hilborn, 
Wm. Pusey, 
Jonathan Dawes, 
' George Guest, 
Danl. Offley, 
Tho9i Masterman, 
Abraham Liddon, 
Benj. Hooton, 
Jerem'h Cresson, 
William Brewer, 
Joseph Budd, 
Joseph Richardson, 
Saml. Pleasantly 
Owen Biddle, 
John Elliott, janr., 
iJohn Todd, 
Joseph James, 
Rich d Adams, 
Edward Garrigues, 
Isaao Paxson, 
Joseph Moore, 
Jos. Sbarplees, 
John Evans, 
Jon'a E?ans, junior, 
Joseph Bacon, 
Joseph Clark, 
Sam. Emlen, 
Benj'n Uickroan, 
Caleb Cresson, 
James Todd, 

Jon'a Pusey, junr., 
Thos. Attmore, 
Joshua Cresson, 
Salomon White, 
Job Bacon, 
Joshua R. Smith, 
Thos. Parke, 
Samuel Jones, 
Ellis Yarnall, 
John Drinker, 
Jacob Shoemaker, 
William Sykes, 
Arthur Ilowell, 
Robt. Wood, 
Richard Humphreys, 
Townsend Speakman, 
James Cresson, 
Joseph Shoemaker, 
Thomas Parker, 
John Haworth, ^ 
Samuel Hampton, 
Evan Truman, 
Charles Williams, 
George Williams, 
John Field, 
Israel Jones, 
Alezr. Elmslie, 
Isaac Phipps, 
Edw'd Penington, 
John Thomson, 
Jos. Saunders, 
Samuel Taylor, 
Samuel Betile, 
Tho. R(>88, 
John Todd, Junr., 
Isaac Lewis, 
James Bettle, 
Jos. Richardson, jr., 
John Poultney, 
Benj. H or nor, 
Tho. W. Smith, 
John Duncan, 
Robt. Lewis, 
Saml. Cnates, 
Thomas Trotter, 
William Jackson, 

Robert Worrill, 
Jonathan Worrill, 
Thos. Shoemaker, 
Israel Whelen, 
Rioh'd Thomas, 
Thomas Follett, 
Robert Coe, 
Charles Marshallt 
Thomas Hough, 
Hugh Roberts, 
John Morton, 
Thomas Fisher, 
Chris. Marshall, jr., 
Benj*n Oldden, 
Abijah Dawes, 
Benj. HumphreySy 
John Starr, 
Thos. Poultney, 
John Bissell, 
George Dillham, 
John Forster, 
Hugh Howell, 
John Burden, 
Thos. Howard, 
William Saverr, 
Joshua Howell, 
Thomas Williams, 
Miers Fisher, 
Daniel Trotter, 
William Savery, jr., 
Tho. Franklin, 
Samuel Story, 
Saml. L(»bdell, 
James Birohall, 
Samuel Briggs, 
Robt. Haydock, 
John Oldden, 
Thos. Harrison, 
Wm. Brown. 
Samuel Noble, junr., 
Everard Bolton, 
J( seph Russell, 
Richard Hopkins, 
John Parrish, 
Saml. Rhoads, 
Samuel Rboada, jr., 

Philadelphia; the eighth day of llth month; 1783. 

The Memorial of some of tho People oommonly called Quakers. 
Read 10th Nov., 1783. 


Philadft. Novembr. lOUi, 1788. 
Mr. N. GhurriBon, 

I am directed by Goancil to know what will be the lowest terms 
yon will take to erect the whole of the Bosiness on the principal of 
yonr first proposition as that seems to be the line in which they 
would choose to have it done. 
I am Sir, 

yonr Humble serrt. 


No. 1. 

M88SB8. Dk BaussnrB k Garrison. — CflEVAUZ-DE-FRiZB. 


We would desire to know previonsIjTt whether it is to be under- 
stood that the Ghevaux De Fhse are intirely to be remoyed. 

Or if it will suffice to take them doan as far as the Ballaat 
Untill that is known it is difficult to fix the Sum, 

But in the latter Case, to take them down as far as the Ballast 
only, will suffice. In that Case We require the Sum of Four 
Thousand Pounds, to defray all Ezpences^ and run all risquesiy 
agreeable to our proposition. 

In Case the aboye Sum is considered too la^ge. We propose an-_ 
other, less ezpensiye — namely. We will take Twelye Hundred^ 
pounds, which shall be first paid after the Experiment is made and 
aproyed of. As the whole may be done for £2000, includins the 
£ L200 aboye. Seeing eyery article that is wanted to the operation is 
supposed to belong to the publick, and need not first be purchased. 

We will agree to either of the proposals.* 


Noyr. 4, 1783. 

No. 2. 

The Second proposition is to be understood in this manner. We 
require the Sum of £1200 to be paid us after the Experiment with 
One Gheyaux De Frize is made & approved of. 

We will not charge ourselyes with the whole operation then« The 
whole may afterwards be done with facility & (Economy. 

Our Experiment it is expectei will not cost more than 25 
Guineas^ and will be made in half a Day. 


Noy. 1783. 

* See Col. Rec, Vol. XIII., p. 745. 


No. 8. 

By our first propoaition we required the^nm of £4000 payable as 
ezpreneed in the aame. 

By the second we required £1200 payable after the Ezperiment 
with Oue Chevauz de Frize was made and approved of according 
to which we are confident the whole Expence would not be abovo 

The difierenee between the first & 2nd proposal is considerable, for 
this reason. The first is in proportion to the Expence risque and 
Trouble, which would be considerable having all to purchase ourselyoi. 

By the 2d we have no Expence, risque, & but little Trouble as 
the Experiment would soon be made, and then continued as Coopoil 
might direct which with a proper oeconomy, we are confident will 
not cost above £2000. Including the £1200 we required, 

For the above reasons we cannot deviate from the first proposals 
of £4000. 

But to satbfy Council of our confidence & Integrity, as we are 
convinced. That it is the only Infalible plan that can be adopted, & 
the least Expensive, We will engage to make the Experiment for 
20 Guineas, and to conclude if Council think proper and give ua in 
writing we will divulee our plan, If thev disaprove it, it is void. If 
,they approve it the Money shall nevertheless not be paid till after 
the Ejq[>eriment is made and approved of. And one of the 2 persons 
will agree to oontinue the operations till it is finished which the oth^ 
•cannot do so conveniently perhaps on account of his situation. 



The Honbl. the presidents Council. 
Nov. 11th 1783. 

Gov. Hakriboh, of Virginia, to Prbs. Diokiksoh.-^ 
Boundary, 1783. 

Yirginia, Richmond, 

In Council, November lOth^ 1783. 

I have not been able to answer your EzceUeneys favor enclosing 
the resolutions of your assembly respecting the boundary line be- 
tween the the two States, for want of the determination of the Coaa- 
missioners appointed on behalf of this State, who all live at a 
distance from me. I have at last obtained their promise to under- 
take the work^and to outer into aoonea^ixd^Ti!^^\NXii^'^^^^^'^ 


missioners, abd with tbem to fix on the time and places of meeting. 
The gentlemen appointed are the Reverend Mr. James Madison, the 
Reverend Mr. Robert Andrews, the honourable John Page, and 
Mr. Thomas Lewis. Your exoellency will please to notify their 
appointment to jour Commissioners, and give them similar instroo- 

I am, with sentiments of the 

most perfect respect and esteem, Sir, 

Your most obedient and most humble servant, 


His Ezcellenoy, President Dickinson. 

Proclamation of Governor op CoNNECTicfujc, 1788. 

By His Excellency Jonathan Trumbull, Esqr, QoV and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over the State of Connecticut. 

Whereas, the Legislature of this Stat^, by their Resolution pused 
at their sessions hoTden at New Haven, on the second Thursday of 
October last,"^ have declared that this State has the undoubted and 
exclusive Right of Jurisdiction & preemption to all the Lands West 
of the State of Pennsylvania & east of the River Mississipi, & ex- 
tending throughout from y Latitude 41^ to Latitude 42^ 2 north, 
by virtue tf the Charter granted by King Charles the 2* to the late 
Colony, now State of Connecticut, bearing date the 23' day ot 
April, Anno Domini, 1662, which Claim and right they are deter- 
mined to assert & maintain. 

I do therefore at the desire & Request of the s* Legislature, here- 
by publish, proclaim apd make known, this their Resolution, asser- 
tion & declaration, to all people whomsoever it may concern — ^And 
I do also, by this my Proclamation, strictly forbid, all persons what- 
ever from entering upon, or settling within the Territories so 
claimed & asserted, without especial License & Authority therefor 
first obtained from the General Assembly of this State — as they 
would wish to avoid the pains, penalties & forfeitures to which they 
may in such Case expect to be exposed. 

Given under my hand and Seal, at Lebanon in the State of Con- 
necticut, this 15th day of Nov, A. D., 1783. 

(signed,) JON. TRUMBULL. 
. * See page, 116. 


Gov. Jon. Trumbull of Conn, to Prbs. Diosivsoir, 


LebanoD. 15th November, 1783. 

The enclosed acts of the Legislature of this State, passed in Hioir 
Sessions h olden at New Haven in Octr. last, which I have the 
Honor to transmit to your Excellency, will shew the disposition of 
this State towards their friends & Brethren who are settled on the 
Territory of the Susquehanna, so long disputed between this State 
& that of Pennsylvania; whose sufferings & Condition under your 
State, since the Decree of the late Board of Commissioners, for 
determining the said disputed claim, appear, if truly represented to 
us, to be very singular & extraordinary, and have tended to exdta 
the Commiaseration of their friends, as well as to produce a deter- 
mination in the Legislature to give them all the aid & Support ia 
their power. 

Mr. Sherman, who doeg me the favor of conveying this to your 
Excellency; and who is going on to Congress, with whom he is 
instructed to give to these unhappy People, all the aid in his power, 
being fully posessed of the Subject, as well as of the views & Deter- 
minations of the Oeneral Assembly of this State respecting the same 
will, if you please, coqfer with you fully on the matter; and prevonlv 
the Trouble of a' particular Detail from me. 

I beg leave therefore, to refer your Excellency to Mr. Sherman 
for any further Information which you may be disposed to reoeivfi 
jrelative to this subject. 

With mooh Bospect & Esteem 

I have the Honor to be 
Sir, Tour Excellency's 

most obedient and humble servant, 

Hifl Excellency, Jno. Dickinson, Esqr. 

Seo'y Armstrong to Miohabl Huffnagls, 1788. 

P*, Nov 15«», 1788. 
D' Sir, 

Your letter of the 16* Ult, has been received. 

The licentious disposition discovered in Manellan Township is 
not a little alarming; k in the Opinion of Council requirea oia 
early and vigorous correction. 


Upon the receipt of this, jou will therefore assemble the Magis- 
^iraej of that part of the County & with them, adopt the mosl efi- 
cient measures to investigate tSe business & enforce the laws. 


jr. Se<^.. 
Hich' Huffinagle; Esq% Py., of Westmorland County. 

Gov. Trumbull to Pbes. Dickinson, 1788. 

LeBanon, 15«^ Nov', 1783. 

I have the Honor to transmit to your Ezcellenoy several Acts 
and Resolutions of the General Assembly of this State together with 
my Proclamation in Consequence thereof, respecting their Claim to 
the Western Lands, comprised under the Charter of this State, 
granted by King Charles the second, as well those comprehended 
under the Susquehanna purchase as those still farther West, as &r 
as the River Missippipi. 

The Decision in the Case of the disputed Territory between this 
State and that of Pennsylvania, was not only yexj unexpected to 
the Legislature of this State, but from some Circumstances appeirs 
to them very sin^lar indeed,2and such as calls for their further 
prosecution, and in which they^hope to produce such Documents, as 
shall obtain the further interposition of Congress. But singolair 
and unexpected as the decision has been, the subsequent sufferings 
& Condition of the People who have been settled under the Claim & 
purchase of Connecticut, whose circumstances entitled them to the 
Commisiration & patronage, rather than the Rigor of the State of 
Pennsylvania, appears, if truly represented, to have been still more 
extivordinary, and have excited the Pity of their friends in this 
State, as well as the determination of the Legislature to afford thei|i 
all the aid, support and protection in tbeir Power. The Del^gftes 
from this State, who will attend in Congress this Winter, having 
been present in our General Assembly when the inclosed Resolu- 
tions were passed, and therefore fully possessed of the Subject ; and 
as they are directed to agitate the Matter in Congress, it is un- 
necessary for me to enter into the detail; leaving the subject 
therefore to their management and submitting it to the wise & 
judicioiks determination of Congress. 

I have the Honor to be, &o.j 



Besolutiok of Council of Censors, 1783. 

In the Conndl of Gensort, 

Nov 21-*, 1788. 

That the Supreme Ezeeative Goancil be reonested to farniBh the 
Coonoil of OeDBon with their Minutes since their Revolation. 

Extract from the Minutes. 

Resolution of Assembly — ^Public REJOiomas, 1788. . 

State of Pensjivania, In General Assembly, 

Taesday, December 2, 1788.— A. M. 

The report of the committee read November 29, relative to the 
preparations to be made for public demonstrations of joy; was read 
the second time, and adopted as follows, (vii. :) 

The committee appointed to confer with Council concerning the 
public demonstrations of joy, it may now be proper to authorise in 
this State upon the definitive treaty of peace between the Unit^i 
States and Great Britain, beg leave to report as the joint opbion oif 
the board and your oommittee. 

That a triumphal Arch be erected at the upper end of Higf or 
Market street, between Sixth and Seventh 8treets,'to be embellished 
with illuminated paintings and suitable inscriptions ; and that somo 
fire works be prepared for the oeoasion. 

That such an exhibition in point of elegance as well as in regard 
to the convenience and safety of the spectators will prove most 
generally acceptable ; it being intended there should be no other 
illuminations in the city That these preparations may be com- 
pleted in three or four weeks, and will require by the most exact 
computation they could at present make, at five or at most six hun- 
dred pounds. And therefore. 

Resolved, that a sum not exceeding rix hundred pounds, be, and is 
hereby appropriated for tho purpose of enabling the Supreme Ex- 
ecutive Council to make public demonstrations of joy upon the 
definitive treaty of peace between the United States and Great 

Extraot from the Minutes. 

• Clerk of the General Assembly. 

For tho Honorable tho'Suprome Executive Council. 



Petition of Daniel Dbais, 1788. 

To His Ezcellencj, John DickinsoDj Esqr., President, and the 
Honorable^ the Supreme Ezeoutive Oonnoil of the State of Penn- 

The Memorial of Daniel Drais, of the City of PhiladelpEia.' 
Humbly shewetb, 

That your memorialist jn the year 1780, was appointed CoUeotor 
of the Taxes in Mulberry & Upper Delaware Wards — ^That among 
others in his Duplicate there was the Estates of Abraham Carlisle 
& John Parrock, Confiscated, the Assessments on which, no one 
would pay to your Memorialist, and as he was obliged to aooount for 
and pay the Amount to the Wardens, he thinks it hard that he 
should be out of his Money because the Estates are Confiscated 
And hibnbly Prayeth to grant an Oriler that he may recerre his 
Money so assessed on s* Estates. 

And as in duty, &o., 


Philad., Oct 9th, 1788. 
Jndor$$d, 1788, December 0th, Memorial Daniel Draisy BdTemd 
to the CompS who ia requested to report. 

J. ARMSTRONG, J'., ». 

It has been customary for the agents of forfeited Bstatee to tiay 
Ihe taiLcs accruein^ thereupon where they haye not contracted with tnat 
the persons who nave leased the Estates of them should pay fhe 
taxes in addition to the Bent. The Agent could give InformaUoh 

De<f 10th, 1783. J. N. 

Pbes. Dickinson to Gbn. Washington.— CoNaRATUui- 
TOBY, 1783. 

In Council. December 9th. 1788. 

Your Return in Safety and Health to this City, from which yoa 
first set out oommissiotfed to defend the Liberties of your Country, 
and after so successful a performance of Chat High Tmt, affords ii8 
the moat sincere Joy. 

We heartily congratulate you on the late honorable Peace, by 
which the Freedom, Sovereiffnty, & Independence of the United 
States are fully aoknowiedged, their [territorial Rights sustained, ft 
the Calamities of War terminated. 

When we contemplate your Conduct in every period of the event- 
ful Contest, and the various proofs you have exhibited of your Love 
for your Fellow Citizens, our Minds are filled with sentiments, which, 
we are convinced you would rather deserve, than have expressed — ^if 
they could be expressed. 

» See Col. Rcc, VoL XIIL, p. 704. 


They are Sentiments, sifi representing joa in saoh a Light to as, 
-that, ardently wishing you every Happiness of this Life, we feel 
^mrselves eqaally moved by Duty & Affection to beseech the Beet 
-and Greatest of Beings in his good time to bestow npon you all the 
Felicities of that to come. 

When I thus communicate the sense of Council, I rejoice in the 
opportunity of testifying with how perfect an Esteem 
I am; Kr, 

your Excellency's 

most obedient servant, 

I>irectedf His Excellency, Oeneral Washington. 

General Washington's reply to Council, 178S. 

To His Excellency, the President, and the Honorable the Su- 
preme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pensilvania. 
Oentlemen, ^ 

I am duly affected by the welcome reoeption. I have met with on 
my return to this Ci^, and accept with unusual pleasure your oblig- 
ing congratulation. 

' But i feel myself particularly indebted to youy GkntlemeUi for 
that delicate sensibilityi which hath spared my feelings, and hj 
iaut>pressing your sentiments of my conducti placed it in but too ftir a 
point of light. 

It is from a heart overflowing with gratitude for your past assist- 
lanoe and present politeness, that I reciprocate idl your benevolent 

' While my farewell blessing thus attends you, permit me to give 
this last public testinvony of the great respect and esteem with 

' I hare the honor to be, 

your most obedient 
humble servant, 

Philadelphia, 10th De(f, 1783. 

Pbbs. Dickinson to Delegates in Congress, 1783. 

In Council, Decemberl6, 1788.- ' 

Tho' his Bxcellency (General Washington proposes in a short time 

to retire, yet his illustrious actions & Virtues render his Charceter, so 

: splendid and yenerablo that it is highly probable, the admiration 

* * See CoL Kec, Val. XIll., ij. 1^^. 


& Egteem of the world may make his Life in a very oonsiderable Da- 
me publicy as numbers will be desirous of seeing the great & good 
Man who has so eminently oontributed to the Happiness of a Nation. 
His very servioes to his Country may therefore subject him to u^ 
proper Expenoes, unless he permits her Gratitude to-interpoee. 

We are perfectly acquainted with the DisinterestedDesa & Oene- 
rosity of his soul. He thinks himself amply rewarded for all hk 
Labors & Cares by the Love and prosperity of his Fellow CiUiens; 
it is true, no Rewards they can bestow can be equal to his merits. 
But they ought not to suflfer those Merits to be burthcnsome to 
Him. We are convinced, the People of Pennsylvania would regret 
such a consequence. 

We are aware of the Delicacy with which this subject must be 
treated ; But relying upon the Good sense of Congress, We wish it 
may engage their early attention. 

We also earnestly desire that Congress may as soon as possible 
deliberate on the Measures to be adopted for remedying the Misohiefii 
that mav arise from the late British Commercial arrangements. 

Another Point of vast Importance, we are anxious to have speedily 
ft finally concluded : and that is the Cession of the Western iiands 
ft the Disposition of them for the Common Benefit of the United 

We apprehend very unhappy Effects from any Delay attending 
the adjustment of that Business. 

It is the peculiar Interest of this State to have all the Steps taken 
as soon as possible for the proposed Treaty with the Indians. 

On these Heads, ft on every other, of which it may be for the 
Benefit of this Commonwealth to be ^advised, we should be glad to 
receive regular ft full Intelligence. 

I am with groat Esteem, 

Gentlemen, your most obedient servl 

The Honorable The Delegates of Pennsylvania^in Congress. 

Joseph Wilson to CouNoiL,-r-Jos. Doafb, 1788. 

Frederick, County, Maryland. 
15th December, 1788. 

Please to pay John Eleinhoff the Ballance of the Certifioate for 
taking Joseph Doane if so much money has come into the Treasarj 
if so much is not come in please to deliver the Certificate to him first 
deducting the One Hundred pounds I have received of it. Tka 

* See answer on page 156. < 


Certificate I left in the HaDds of the Hod. Vice president nntill 
JoMph Doane ehonld be brought to Philadelphia. 

am Gentlemen jour Honble. Servt. 


To the Honble. the Supreme Ezecative Conncil of the State of 

I hmbj Certify that I am well acquainted with Mr. John Kline- 
hoof and Belie?e that he is I'roperly authorized to Receive the 
money for Joseph Wilson and I will be secnritj for the same. 

Phflad. 7th January 1784. 


I hereby Certify that I am well acquainted with Mr. John Kleni- 
hof and beleie?e he is properly authorized to Receive the Money for 
Joseph Wilson as Mentioned in this order; and will be security for 
the same. 

Janr. 7th, 1783. 


Besolution of Council op Censors, 1783. 

In the Council of Censors, 

Deer. 18th 1783. 

That in order to defray the Contingent Ezpences of Council, the 
Preaident request the honorable the Supreme Executive Council, to 
draw an order on the Treasurer for the sum of One Hundred Pounds, 
te favor of the Secretary of this Council, he to be accountable. 
Extract from the minutes, 

JOHN ROSE, Asst. Secry. 

Frbd. a. Muhlenberg to Prbs. Diokinson, 1783. 

Council Chamber, Dec. 18th, 1783. 

Parsaant to the inclosed Resolution I am to request jrour Excel- 
lency &^ the supreme executive Council to draw an Order on the 
Treaaarer, for the sum of £100^ in &vor of the Secretary of this 

I have the Honour to be, Sir^ 

your Excellency's 

most obedient & very humble Scrvt*^ 

His Excellency, the Preside 


Council to Agents of Conpiscatbd Estatbs, 1788. 

Secretarj'g Offioe, Philadelphia^ Deoember 2l8t^ 1788. 

• GenUemeDy 

I have the directions of CouDcil to commanicate. 4^ followiiig 
.order. Viz : that the different Agents of confiaoated propertj Im 
oalled upon to make an immediate & correct report of all the eifbatcpi 
confiscated in their respective Counties : — specifjing such as have 
been sold & the other proceedings which have b^ tajken apon 

I am OentlemeD, 

with much Respect, 
your obed. serv*, 


Pres. Dickinson to Delegates in CoNaRESS, 1788. 


As the Peace Establishment will probably be very taMdlp we 
should be glad, that Measures might sj^ily be adopted for htiring 
Care taken of the artillery, arms, & ammunition belonging to Ike 
United States. 

It appears to us, that no better mode can be devised, than to have 
them divided in just proportions among the several States. If that 
shall be the Determination of Congress, we doubt not, but von will 
require an account of those articles that have been deposited in any 
particular States. 

General Washington in his Circular Letter, recon&meoded, that 
the same arms should be established throughout the States. We 
should be glad, if Congress would be pleased to take that Point into 

These subjects seem to be enforced by the first Oiroomstanoea wa 
have mentioned. 

We wish soon to receive authentio Intelligence of the Definitive 
Treaty, and of the Ratification w^en made. 
I am with great Esteem Gentlemen^ 

your most obedt. h'ble serv't, 

Phihidolphia, December 29th, 1783. 
The Honorable; The Delegates of Pennsylvania. 


Delegates in Congress to Council, 1788. 


We have the Honor to acknowledge the Heceipt of your iDstrac- 
tions dated the 16th* Decemher, 1783, to which we shall paj par- 
ticular attention. The first part of the instractions which relates to 
hh Exoellenoj Oeneral Washington, '< whose illustrious actions and 
Virtues render his Character so splendid & venerable'' will engage 
our earliest notioe ; but we wish to know whether it is the Desire of 
Your Excellency and the Honorable Council, that .the Delegates of 
Pennsylvania should propose in Congress, that an allowauce be 
made to The General, & what that allowance should be. Whether 
the Grant of a Sum of Money as a cbmpeDsation for the great per- 
sonal Sacrifices he has made to the Public or whether an annual sum 
to indemnify him for Expences which may arise in future from 
the particular Situation he must be in. Whatever your Excellency 
ft Honors may direct on this Head shall be most punctually corn- 
iced with. 

Congress consisting of only Seven States, cannot take up at this 
time any of the important Subjects which are contained in your 
Instructions ; so soon as Nine States appear, we will press for tho 
Discussion of them, and give you every material information relat- 
ingto them: 

The inclosed paper, No. 1, is a tramcript of the Journal of Con- 
iBj commencing the ISth^ and ending the 27th of December. 

No. 2, is a copy of a Report from the Superintendant of Finance, 
on an Extract from the Votes of the Assembly of Pennsylvania 
niative to the mode fixed by the House for the settlement of Publio 
Aooonnts. The Beport is in the Hands of a Committee. 

No. 3, is a copy of an act passed in the last session of the Assen^- 
Uy of Maryland in Consequence of the Restrictions lately imposed 
on the American Commerce by Great Britain. Virginia has passed 
an Aot similar to the Maryland Act. 

Congress have received many Letters from their Ministers in 
Europe, but as they consist principally of steps taken by our Minis- 
ters in their Negociations for Peace, & of conversations of a secret 
Nature, which they have had with the Ministers of some European 
Courts, we are not at Liberty to copy them for your Inspection. 

We do not recollect any thin^ of Importance before Congress at 
this time except what we have inclosed. Colonel Frfinks has been 
employed by us to copy the papers sent herewith, if we are to per- 
sue the plan of sending to you Copies of all papers which we may 
believe necessary for your inspection, wo shall be obliged to engage 

* See poge IM. 


bim or some other person to do that Business. Bat as we have no 
Authority to promise an allowance for this service, we request Tour 
Excellency and Honors to give us an Instmction on this Subjeot. 

We are with the highest Respect, 

& Esteem, Your Exoelleno/s 
& Conncils Obedient humble Servts., 

Annapolis, 30 December, 1783. 

Dbleqates in Congress to Pres. Dickinson, 1788. 

Annapolis, 30 Decembefi 1783. 

A Question of great Importance has been debated in Congress ; 
and will probably oe renewd in a Day or two. It is Whether Seven 
States in Congress ctssembled are competent to a Ratifieation of the 
Definitive Treaty, 

On this Point we request a positive Instruction from Coundl. 

It may be proper to inform your Excellency that the (Gentlemen 
who made & seconded the motion for a Ratification by Seven States, 
alleged " That Congress consisting of Nine States, viz. : Hassa- 
^'chusets, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, 
" Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia & N"" Carolina, did on the 29th 
^' of October last, at Princeton authorise and instruct their Minis- 
^^ ters at Paris, to make the Preliminary Articles a Definitive Treaty 
'^ of Peace. That Nino States having declared what Articles should 
'' constitute the Definitive Treaty ; and the Treaty being framed ao- 
^' cording to their Declaration & Instructions, It may now be rati- 
*' fied by Seven States. That there is no Probability that Nine 
'' States will assemble in time to ratify. That admitting the Qnee- 
'' tion to be doubtful it would be the Excess of bad policy to risque 
'U Renewal of the War, by delaying the Ratification of it That 
^' the last article of the Treaty declares it shall be ratified and ex- 
<< changed in Six Months, or sooner if possible. That only sixty 
'^ Days now remain for the Ratification & Exchange } which last 
^' must bo made in Paris or London. 

These are the principal Arguments, which have been advanced by 
. the Ocntlemen who press for an immediate Ratification. 

We need not inform your Excellency how necessary the Instruc- 
tions of Councils on this Question are to ue. We shall endeavour 


to delay' the DetermiDation of Congress untill we receive aa anawer 
to thia Letter & are with the highest Respect. 
Your ExcelleDoy & Councils 
most obedient h^'* Servants, 

The States at present represented in Congress are Massaohnsctts, 
Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia & No. 
Carolina. Mr. Foster of Newhampshire, & Mr. Reed of. South 
His Ezcell'y, John Dickinson, Esqr., Philadelphia. 

[This and the following papers having hecn discovered since the 
preceding were published, and belonging to the Revolutionary period, 
it is deemed best to introduce them here before entering upon those 
for 1784.] 

Council to Joseph Heed, 1777. 

Philad. 28d July, 1777.t . 

I had the honour of your Letter of the 28rd of June, last from 

This I communicated to the President & Council without delay. 
They have been for two weeks past in expectation of receiving your 
determination oonoeminff the office of Chief Justice, to which they 
had appointed you ; ana being at length become anxious for it thej 
order me to remind you on the subject. 

It appears extraordinary to the Council, that the Speaker of 
Assembly ft Gentlemen of distinction should intimate to you, that 
delay in your answer would be acceptable. When the House was 
last sitting, and especially about the time of recess, many of the 
members at different times pressed the propriety ft need of filliDC 
the Supreme Bench of Judicature, upon the members of Counoil 
seperately. They spoke in the some of their Constituents. The 
Council feel the want of it weekly. Criminals confined for Capital 
Charges press for Tf ial or bailment, in many of the Counties, the 
inferiour Courts of Common pleas cannot well proceed without the 
Upper Court, with wch. they are systematically connected ; nor can 
the benefit of habeas Corpus bo properly enjoyed. Besides the 
damage done to the administration by the present deoripid condition 
of the body politio is extensive ft mischievous. The wishes of good 

t Mr. Beed attended in Council on the same dar and declined the office 
dTing hii reasons in writing, See CoL Aeo , YoL 2a., p. 249, and Archives 
Vol V. p. 879. 


GitisenR therefore, the pnlilio utility, the ardent desire of CoQnoil to 
gratify the one & promote the other, join in asking year aooeptanoe 
of the important office to which yon are called| without delay. 
I am Sir, 
your moat obedient, 

and very humble Servt. 

Remonstrance op Israel Pemberton, &c., 1777. 

To the President & Council of Pensilvania. 
The Remonstrance of Israel Pemberton John Hunt and Samuel 

That Lewis Nicola is about to deprive us 6t our Liberty by an 
order from you, of which the following is a Copy via. 

" In Council Sepr. 8, 1777." 
'^ Ordered, That Colonel Nicola, Town major, do take a proper 
'^ guard & sieze Israel Pemberton, John Hunt & Samuel Pleasants & 
'< Conduct them to the Freemason's Lodge & there confine them 
^< under proper guard ^till farther orders/' 

^^ Extracts from the minutes. 

T. MATLACK, Secy." 

That We are advised & from our own knowledge of our Rights ft 
Privileges are assured that your issuing that order is arbitrary, un- 
just, & illegal & we therefore believe it is our duty in olear and 
express terms to remonstrate against it 

The order appears to be arbitrary, as you have assum'd an authority 
not grounded in Law or Reason to deprive us, who are peaoabla 
men & have never bore arms, of our Liberty by a. military foraei 
when you might have directed a Legal Course of Proceeding ; nn- 
jnst as we have not attempted nor are charged with any act inoonaif- 
tent with the Character we have steadily maintained of good Gitiieng 
sollicitous to promote the real interest & welfare of our Country ft 
that it is illegal is evident from the perusal ft Consideration of the 
Constitution of the Oovernmeut from which you derive all yonr 
authority ft Power. 

We therefore claim our undoubted rights as Freemen havins % 
just sense of the inestimable value of Religious ft Civil Liberty to ne 
heard before we are confined in the manner directed by the said 
order & we have the^more urgent reason for insisting on this our 
Right as several of our Fellow Citizens have been some Days ft now 
are confined by your order ft no opportunity is given them to be 
heard & we are informed that it is your purpose to send them ft ua 
to a distant part of the Country, even beyond the limits of the 


Jarisdiction yon claim & where the recourse we tre justly & legally 
entitled to, of beiug heard & of cleariug ourselves from any Charge 
or saspioioD you may entertain respecting us will be impracticable. 

We fervently desire you may be so wise as to attend to the Dic- 
tate of Trqth & Justice in your own minds & observe the precept 
of our Lord Jesus Christ whom you profess to believe in '< all things 
*^ whatsoever ye would that men should do to you Do ye even so to 
<^them Mattw. 7 : 12/' & then we have no doubt you will Comply 
with this just Claim we make, which will^be duly acknowledged by 
your Real Friends & well wishcrs; 


Philada. 4 9mo 1777. 

0£N. James Potter to Prbs. Rbed, 1779. 

Penns Valley, May 3d, 1779.t 
Dear Sir, 

I have Just Received your Rind favour of the fourteenth of April 
you recommend the posting of Troops at Muncey — there has all way 
been a number of Hartleys Regt posted at Muncey since they 
came to this Country that pleace, Jenkinses, Wioming, and Sun- 
bury are the posts they have occupcycd. I would be fond to carrey 
on a Corrispondance with GtexA, Hand but jt will be attended with 
Diflcqualty. I am much obledged to your for you good services and 
harty endination you express too serve us oii the frunteers and fbr 
your care in sending me the papers. You are pleased to inform me 
jof your Endeavours to get the Militia in good order. I am sorry 
my situation is such that I can be of little use to my Country at 
present being almost separated from the Rest of the World, it is a 
pity the endulgance shone too the Torrevs has not had a better 
e£fect on them, but endulgence is frequently abused Except where 
there is some Generoeety or Sperrit and that we must not look for in 
a Torrey as the Revarse of that was the very cause of there being 

Our County has been severly scurged these davs past by the 
Indians, by the best accounts I can receive we have had killed and 
taken Prisnors about forty persons, the perticquUers I expect you 
^111 Receve before this comes to hand, the Militia of Col. Bucmin- 
acs Battalion of Cumberland County were ordered to march to fort 
J^berdeau they Refused to march aledgins it was unreasonable to 
tMfler them out and to have no guards on there own frunteers, but 
Wihe same time Declared there willingness to guard the frunteers 
<>posite to themselves, on my confering with Col. Stewart, one of the 

* See Col. Rec., Vol. XL, p. 290. \ ^w^NoVTW.,^."^'^. 


of the company to this Valley and the other half to standing atone 
Valley in Bedford County, those that were for this pleace came hear 
on tho twenty-ninth of April, and the day before CoL Hunter sent 
to this Valley ono officei* and fifteen men, of thoae that were niaed 
in the County by supperscriptions, and yesterday unexpeoted oame 
Captn. Cerbey witb hia Troop of Light Hors that was ordered by 
the Board of war in Feby. last to this pleace. Col. Hartly for what 
Reason I know not, got the Board to Countermand there Orders, 
on Capt" Cerbeys arivel hear, I sent the Cumberland militia to 
Standing Stone Valley in Bedford County, thus, we Qot supplied 
with men after I had the pleasure of keeping Garrison with my familj 
alone for six weeks in one of the frunteer Garrisons of the County, 
and not a man stationed on any part of the frunteers of the two 
Countys from Muncey westward, untill the twenty-eight of April. I 
must confess I think the Militia of Col. Buchanan s Batt. was not to 
Bleame for Refusing to march too fort Roberdeau when there was no 
Guards on their own frunteers but a few Inhabitanoe shut up in forts, 
and every day liokley to evequate them, and altho' I have always been 
for Obedience to Orders, the Lieutenant's Orders to that Companey 
Considring there siroumstanoes were too Hard to be compleyed 
with. Our people on the frunteers of this County showes a mntoh 
Better spirrit and makes a better stand than I expected. I trust in 
God, through his Blessing, the ensuing Campain will grant Belefe. 
I am, dr. sir, with the most 
sincer Regard and Esteem, 

Your most obediant Humble servant, 


On public service. 

To His Excellency Joseph Reed, President of the State of Penn^ 
aylvania, In Philadelphia. 

Col. Bbodsead to Prbs. Rsed, 1779. 

Pittburgh, May 22-*, 1779.* 
Dear Sir, 

The Enemy has done little or no Damage for upwards of a fort- 
night past, except taking two lads prisoners in Salt lick Valley. 

My son has frequently wrote me that you assured him he was t^ 
retain his rank in the army, which was my wish ; but having wroi(p 
bis Excellency to permit him to visit me ; I received the foTlowihg 
answer. It has been the misfortune of many Officers in eaptiv|f 
to have been overlooked by their States, who had the power of a 
Regimental appointments, which seem to havo been the case wii 
Mr. Brodhead. Had he been appointed in the line after so 

* See VoL VIL (age 48i. 


mV-lieoietiatitB of that Oonnty, bo allowed them to march one-half 
an abflence from yon, I should not have refused him the oppor- 
tanity of paying yon tf yiedt; but as ho has not^ there cannot 1^ a 
possibility of objection on my part. 

I freely confess that I have not met any thing of late, that has so 
mueh hurt my feelings, as the neglect shown to the brave officers, 
who, by the want of Judgment in some, unfortunately fell in to the 
hands of the Enemy. And I wish the president may not be 
injnrions to the Service. 

Had any improper Conduct on their part been manifested, it 
woold have justified a coolness, but I trust that was not the casC; 
and have always understood that the number of the Enemy, was so 
much superior to theirs, that it would have been imprudent to have 
contend^ longer than they did. 

Give me leave to thank you in the name of my Reg^, for the 
ample supplies; which, I am informed are on the road, for the officers 
& Men. 

Inclosed are Copies of a Letter received from Major Vernon, & 
two Speeches from the Indians. I believe the Western Indians, 
esoept the Shawnese, are quiet, & that we shall soon give a «)od 
account of the Northerns. The scarcity of provisions at Fort 
Lawrens was owing to repeated false returns of the asssist' Commy. 
there ; but I hope a small supply which I had sent them by a new 
xonte, will reach that post before it is quite evacuated. When I 
shall receive more salt provisions to subsist the Qarrisons at the 
different advanced posts, I know not, but every step has been taken 
to procure it, that appeared promising. 

With the most sincere regard & Esteem, 
I have the Honor to be, your 
Excellencies most 

Obed* Serv*. 


Co^ commandg., 
West" Dcpartm^ 
Directed, His Excellency, Oovernor Read. 

DiposiTioN OF James Oellers. — ^Brig Active, 1780. 

James Oellers of full age, being duly sworn, deposeth & saith 
diat Gapt. Jacquellen de Ray, late Captain of the Brig Active, 
came to this Port, & applied to this Depon', as his Factor, that 
having consulted this Deponent about his outward Cargo, it was 
concluded to export Flour if they could do it. That the Captain 
applied to the Minister of France, who recommended him to Mr. 
Uolker; that he applied to Mr. Holker for a Freight, who excliaed 


himsolf as not having Money to purchase Floar ', that the a* Captain 
soon after observing a Schooner loading Flour under Mr. Holker'a 
direction, thought it hard that he could not«have a like Prilidge ; 
he then applied again, offering Mr. Holker to purchase Flour witk 
his own Monej if he would assist him to export it, which Mr. 
Holker agreed to, provided his Agent should do the Busineas, & 
the Captain to allow him 5 '^ c' on the Cargo of flour; that the 
Flour was to be offered to the Agent of the French Marine in the 
West Indies at the Market Price, but if he did not want it, then 
to be sold, for the Benefit of the Owner, Mr. De Bej; that (bia 
Deponent was informed bj Mens' Florentin, Captain of the Polacoa, 
that he had been adopted to submit to the like Term on a Cargo of 

And further Deponent saith not, &o. 

Sworn before me this 13 day of Nov. 1780. 


Chas. W. Peals, &c., to Presidejjt of Codnctl, 1779. 

His Excellency, the President of the State. 
May it please your Excellency, 

We have the honor to wait upon you in behalf of a number of 
citizens, with our request, that your excellcucy, with the honorable 
the council of the state, will favor with your presence on Monday 
the fifth of July, the delivering an culogium in honor of the brave 
men who have fallen in the cintcst ; as also that you will invite, if 
it shall seem proper to you, his excellency the jMI ulster of France, and 
Don Juan de Merailles, a Spanish gentleman a resident in this state. 
If it may Ibe agreeable to your Excellency and the council, a band 
of military, instruments of music shall wait upon your excellency 
the council, and congress if they shall attend, from the state house, 
and it is submitted to your excellency, whether a company of the 
Militia under arms, may not bo admitted to accompany the band. 

We have the honor to be, in behalf of a number of citizens, 
your excellency's most devoted and very humble servants, 

July 1, 1779. 

1779, rec' July 2**, From Charles Wilson Peale, Francis Bailey 
&|Edward Pole. 

An invitation to the President & Council to attend at the Oerm%n 
Church to hear an eulogium^ to be d** by Mr. Breckenridge.f 

* See Vol. IX., p. 10, 33, 180. f The Ealogium was afterwards printed. 



June 12th^ 1780. 

Ever foDd of perpetuatiDg the Bemembrance of the Worthies of 
my time, ts I conceive it will be a means of exciting an Emulation 
in pur Posterity to deserve the like attention, and mankind will 
receive an advantage thereby ; the Likeness being added to the 
Historic page, giving it more force and the Reader more pleasure ; 
with this View I wish to transmit to after ages the likeness of our 
late Worthy President, The Honble Thomas Wharton Esq' ; and 
for that purpose would beg your Excellency and the Honble tbe 
Executive Council to give the portrait of that good man, which I 
herewith send, a place in the Counsel Chamber. And 
you will oblige your most Obedient Servant, 

Directed^ — His Excellency, Joseph Reed^ Esq';* President of the 
State of Pennsylvania. 

lifSTRUCTiONS TO Rev. James Finley, 1783, 

The General Assembly of this State by their Resolution of the 
19th of last November empowered Council to select & appoint one 
or two proper persons to travel through & reside some time in the 
Counties of Westmoreland & Washington in order by fiecessary In- 
formation to bring over our deluded fellow Citizens to a proper sense 
of their Duty & resolved to defray the necessary Expences. The 
resolution relates to tbe unjust & dangerous Designs of some persons 
in the Counties to separate from & erect a new and Independant 
State within the Charter Boundaries of this Commonwealth. 

We taking this Business into our mostseriousConsideration unani- 
moosly agreed to appoint you to fulfill the Intentions of the Legis- 
lature, and are happy to find that you consent to accept the impor- 
tant Employment. 

We apprehend it to be their sense, that you should not on this 
occasion appear with any public Character ; and we doubt not but 
your Prudence will suggest to you the "Reasons, upon which such a 
Caution is founded. 

We place great Reliance in your wisdom k Integrity but judge it 
inay be expedient especially as we understand it is desired by yoU| 
\o express such sentiments as occur to us upon as the subject. 

Tbe act of Assembly, tbe Bill published for Consideration & our 
proclamation containing the late decree in our favor, all of them here- 
with delivered, may bo used, without exciting any notion that you 
are employed by the statet In like manner may be urged the final 
aoceptanoe of the Decree by Congress without the least Exception the 

t See VoL YIII, p. 819. Where is this portrait? It is not to be found 
at present. 


Bubmission of tho InhabitaDts settled nodcr the Conneotieiit Claim & 
the aoknowledgemcDt of oar Right by the State of Virginia. 
From these Facts & from the undisputed Judgement of the 
United States the Bight of Pennsylvania to all the Lands within 
her Charter Boundaries, & her Jurisdiction over them may & 
earnestly be insisted on as universally confest. 

From hence arises a strong argument against the Injustice and 
Wickedness of an attempt to dismember a State b^ Faction, Sedition 
or violence, an offence of a deep Dye, & highly displeasing not only 
to all good men, but unquestionably so in the sight of our righteous 
Creator. The Contempt with which their late application to Con- 
eress has been treated by that Honorable Body, is a strong Evidenoo 
how wild & iniauitous such a project appears to be. 

This offence is rendered the more heinous when it is remembered 
with what Carefulness & at what a great Ezpence Pennsylvania 
hath attended to tho protection & Comfort of our Fellow CitiieDs 
on the Western frontier, so that she now labours under a heavy Debt 
incurred for their Defence, as also for freeing them from the Burthen 
of proprietary Demands. The People to be thus addressed must be- 
oonscions how slight their Contributions have ever been to the pub- 
lic expenditures. 

There is no Beoson to doubt but that this brotherly affection & 
kindness on our part will be continued & encrcased ; and measares 
be devised f^^r conveying to them all the Blessings of a regular 
Civil government, in the manner easiest & cheapest that can be 
possible for them. The usual Business of each County can be 
transacted within itself, without inconvenience and the Trial of 
Causes in the Supreme Court, a Besort so very useful, can be had 
wifhout great trouble or Expence, by the Circuit of the Judges. 
Attendance of members in assembly is defrayed by the state. 

The Benefits that must be derived to all the Citizens of Pennsyl- 
vania by her continuing to hold her just Charter extent, & by thoa 
rendering her as respectable and powerful as can be, are many ft 
very valuable, on the other Hand, the Dangers & mischiefs that 
must result from contracting her Bounds, & lessening her Kespecta- 
bility & Power, arc vastly alarming. This observation will receive the 
more force, by reflecting, that we shall be neighbours to States of 
prodigious Extent and Influence. Attempts of this last kind must 
hQ foolish & criminal in Extreme ; & never can succeed, unless the 
innocent & unwary suffer themselves to be cheated & imposed upon 
by a few bold, ambitious, artful, selfish, & wicked men. Such men 
there are in all societies, & their constant method of proceeding is to 
cover over Designs calculated to promote their own Interest bj 
flimzy Pretences of public good. Such men who want to make op- 
portunities for promoting themselves to Posts of Honor & profit, 
must be watched & guarded against by their honest Fellow Citiiena. 
Such men by talking about a new State mean new Offices to acquire 
Power and Wculth fur theuiticlvcd. Thut$c Men are so lost to all 


sense of shame & so void of every Prinoiple of Jnsdoe, that they 
aim to distiDguish the western frontiers of Pennsylvania by an in* 
&my of Condueti of whioh/the world has not yet afforded an in« 
atance. When Parts of an Empire or ^tate have separated from 
the rest, it has all ways been on account of some intolerable Tyrany 
praotised against them. But the Inhabitants of our Western Fron- 
tiers have been so far from feeling such Tyranny, that they have 
oonstantly been cherished & protected with parental tenderness by 
the state. The most ingenious Innovators in that Country cannot 
Buention a single Grievance caused by the State, If any Incbn- 
venienoe arises from their settleing on the Frontiers at a Distance 
l^m the other settlementS| it was their own voluntary act-^done 
under public authority—- the Consent & protection of which publid 
authority was an obligation upon them ; and every such Inoonve- 
i^ence admits of a proper Bemedy of which some Hint has already 
been given. 

If arguments of this sort arc not duly regarded, it may be added 
with the utmost Calmness and Firmness, that Pennsylvania knows 
her Bights, the world acknowledges them, and she is resolved at 
every Hazard to maintain them. 

In the Course of the Measures she is pursuing a number of brave 
men whose Courage & Virtue have been proved in their Countrys 
Cause, will become interested in the Lands which are designed for 
part of the new State, who will not suffer their dearly earned property 
to be torn from them by chimerical Pretenders to Patriotism. 
I am Sir^ with great Esteem and Begard, 

Your obedient humble servant, 


Feby. 6, 1783. 
Directed, To the Bev. Mr. Finley of Chester County his instructions. 

Instructions to Capt. Shrawdee, 1783. 

Feb. 28, 1783. 

As the Continental Troops have lately been withdrawn from 
Wicming, it is by the General Assembly thought necessary for the 
protection of the settlement against the Savages, to replace the 
&ttard immediately with the two Companies of lUngers commanded 
by you. 

You will theiefore each of yon directly march with your respec- 
tive Companies to that Post & take every proper Measure for main- 
taining the Post there, and for protecting the settlements. We have 
wrote to John :W«itflel, Esquire, directing him to deliver the pro- 
visions contracted for, at Wioming, instead of delivering them at 
Fort Bice or aft Captain Grays in Boffaloe Valley as was at first 

* See page 40. 
Vol. X.— 8 


snbmission of the iDhabitants settled nnder the Conneoticnt Claim & 
the acknowledgement of our Right bj the State of Virginia. 
From these Facts & from the undisputed Judgement of the 
United States the Right of Pennsylvania to all the Lands within 
her Charter Boundaries; & her Jurisdiction over thorn may & 
oamestlj be insisted on as universally confest. 

From hence arises a strong argument against the Injustice and 
Wickedness of an attempt to dismember a State b^ Faction^ Sedition 
or violence^ an offence of a deep Dye, & highly displeasing not only 
to all good men, but unquestionably so in the sight of our righteous 
Creator. The Contempt with which their late application to Con- 
cress has been treated by that Honorable Body, is a strong Evidence 
how wild & iniquitous such a project appears to be. 

This offence is rendered the more heinous when it is remembered 
with what Carefulness & at what a great Expence Pennsylvania 
bath attended to the protection & Comfort of our Fellow Citizens 
on the Western frontier, so that she now labours under a heavy Debt 
incurred for their Defence, as also for freeing them from the Burthen 
of proprietary Demands. The People to be thus addressed must be- 
couscions how slight their Contributions have ever been to the pub- 
lic expenditures. 

There is no Reason to doubt but that this brotherly affsction & 
kindness on our part will be continued & encrcased ; and measures 
be devised f^^r conveying to them all the Blessings of a regular 
Civil government, in the manner easiest & cheapest that can be 
possible for them. The usual Business of each County can be 
transacted within itself, without inconvenience and the Trial of 
Causes in the Supreme Court, a Resort so very useful, can be had 
wifhout great trouble or Expence, by the Circuit of the Judges. 
Attendance of members in assembly is defrayed by the state. 

The Benefits that must be derived to all the Citizens of Pennsyl- 
vania by her continuing to hold her just Charter extent, & by thus 
rendering her as respectable and powerful as can be, are many ft 
very valuable, on the other Hand, the Dangers & mischiefs that 
must result from contracting her Bounds, & lessening her Respecta- 
bility & Power, are vastly alarming. This observation will receive the 
more force, by reflecting, that we shall be neighbours to States of 
prodigious Extent and Influence. Attempts of this last kind must 
be foolish k criminal in Extreme ; & never can succeed, unless the 
innocent & unwary suffer themselves to be cheated & imposed upon 
by a few bold, ambitious, artful, selfish, & wicked men. Such men 
there are in all societies, & their constant method of proceeding is to 
cover over Designs calculated to promote their own Interest bj 
flimzy Pretences of public good. Such men who want to make op- 
portunities for promoting themselves to Posts of Honor & profit, 
must be watched & guarded against by their honest Fellow Citizens. 
Such men by talking about a new State mean new Ofiiccs to acquire 
Power and Wculth for themsclvui3. These Men are so lost to all 


I of Bbame & eo void of every Prinoiple of Jnstioe, that they 
aim to difltinguish the western frontiers of Pennsylvania by an in- 
fcmy of Gonduot, of which/the world has not yet a£forded an in« 
iUnoe. When Parts of an Empire or jState have separated from 
the leati it has allways been on account of some intolerable Tyrany 
ivaotised against them. But the Inhabitants of our Western Fron- 
tiara have been so far from feeling such Tyranny, that they have 
aonatantly been cherished & protected with parental tenderness by 
tiie state. The most ingenious Innovators in that Country cannot 
aention a single Grievance caused by the State, If any Inoon- 
venieooe arises from their settleing on the Frontiers at a Distance 
i^rom the other settlements, it was their own voluntary act-— done 
wider public authority — ^the Consent & protection of which public 
anthority was an obligation upon them ; and every such Inoonve* 
Bienoe admits of a proper Kemedy of which some Hint has already 
been given. 

If arguments of this sort are not duly regarded, it may be added 
with the utmost Calmness aod Firmness, that Pennsylvania knows 
her Biehts, the world acknowledges them, and she is resolved at 
every Uasard to maintain them. 

In the Course of the Measures she is pursuing a number of brave 
men whose Courage & Virtue have been proved in their Countrys 
Cause, will become interested in the Lands which are designed for 
part of the new State, who will not suffer their dearly earned property 
to be torn from them by chimerical Pretenders to Patriotism. 
I am Sir^ with great Esteem and Eegard, 

Your obedient humble servant, 


Feby. 6, 1783. 
Directed, To the Rev. Mr. Finley of Chester County his instructions. 

Instructions to Capt. Shrawdee, 1783. 

Fob. 28, 1783. 

Am the Continental Troops have lately been withdrawn from 
WictniDgi it is by the Oeneral Assembly thought necessary for the 
protection of the settlement against the Savages, to replace the 
Qwud immediately with the two Companies of Rangen commanded 
by yon. 

Yon will therefore each of yon directly march with your respec- 
tive Companies to that Post & take every proper Measure for main- 
taining the Post there, and for protecting the settlements. We have 
wrote to John Weitael, £squira, directing him to deliver the pro- 
visions oontracted for, at Wioming, instead of delivering them at 
Fort Bice or at Captain Onys in Boffaloe Valley as was at first 

* See page 40. 
Vol. X.— 8 


intended. We woald have you to give racfa aBsistanoe to Mr. 
Wietiel as may render this alteration agreeable to him. As we con- 
fide very mncb in yonr Prndcncej we trust that your Conduct will 
enforce our wishes on a Point of great importance. It ia our 

. earnest Desire, that the Inhabitants settled at or near Wioming, 

should be in all Respects treated with kindness. This we know 
to be the Desire, also of the Legislature, it being the unanimous 
sense of both Branches, of the government, that all Difierenoes 

^ should be equitably & finally adjusted. 

} We therefore expect that you will separately and together emplcj 

your best Exertions to prevent any injury being done to the Inhabi- 

\ tants before mentioned, & even any Quarrels being entered into with 

» them by the officers or soldiers under your Command ; and that you 

may convince them by your Care & attention to them, that they 
are regarded as Fellow-Citiiens, whose Welfare & Happiness you 
sincerely and affectionately desire to promote. 

I am, &0. 
^ Indorsed, 

1783, Feb'' 28th. Message from Council to Gen' Assembly 
respecting the running the line between this State and Virginia.* 
^ And Instructions to Captains Robeson and Shrawdcr to proceed to 

I Wyoming with their Companies of Rangers. 


\ Resolution of General Assembly, 1783. 

State of Pennsylvania, In General Assembly, 

Friday 3Iarch 21, 1783— A. M. 

The committee appointed February 17, on the letter from his 
Excellency the President of this State, made report, which was read, 
and on motion and by special order the same was read the second 
time: whereupon 

Resolved, That the President of the Supreme Executive CounoQ 
be authorised to draw on the Treasurer of the State for the sum of 
Two hundred pounds to be applied towards the payment of the 
necessary repairs made and to be made to the government maniion 

Extract from the minutes. 

Clerk of the General Assembly. 

• Ste CoL Bee., Vol. Xin., p. 619. 622. ^ 


Wm. Parkbr to Pees. Dickinson, 1783. 

WashiDgton County^ April 5th, 1783. 

The expectation of Peaco gave the Inhabitants of the Western 
Frontiers hopes of being eased of the calamities of war, at least for 
some time ; but it is our great mortification the savages have began 
anew their depredations. They took one Mrs. Walker Prisoner on 
the 27th ult., on Buffalo Creek, but she happily made her escape. 
This woman says that two parties of Indians are gone against the 
Inhabitants. Two days after there were two men taken prisoners 
at Weeling — the day following, a man was wounded on Short Creek. 
The 1st of April they took the Wison Boioe and Family consisting 
of eight persons, and a Man was killed the day following, near 
Washington County, Court house. Same time two Indian Rafts 
were seen on the Ohio, between Weeling and Orave Creek. In 
short the Inhabitants are in the utmost consternation especially on 
the Frontiers, and unless timely relieved, their case must be truly 

The Commandant of Fort Pitt, (Col. Bayard,) has generously 
supplied us with amunition, and is ready to give every assistance 
in his power. 

We are with the great respect 

Sir, your most 

obed* hum'« Servants, 


Sub. L. W. 0. 

Dorset Pentecost to Pres. Dickinson, 1783. 

Washington County, May 4th, 1783. 

I have no donbt but that Gkqeral Irwine has informed Your 
Excellency and Council of the Early inrodos of the Savages this 
Spring, and with what uncommon Inhumanity they marked their 
horrid murders, as also the great success they met with owing to the 
unexpectedness of the stroke. I think in one week they killed and 
captured seventeen persons, two of which (vizt., a Woman and a Boy) 
have since made their Escape. The people ware so intirely easy under 
the Expectation of a (general Peace that those Butchers of mankind 
met with no kind of Obstruction in their progress, for it is said, and 
I believe with truth, that they continued about the frontiers of this 
County for several days without a single scout peisainf^ .thAiOy. 


However they have at Length left the Country of their own aocord| 
and I have the Pleasnre of Informing yonr iUoellency that I have 
not heard of any distarbance from them for several weeks past. 
I am inclined to think that those who were amongst us was a hunt- 
ing party that had been oat all winter, and knew nothing of ih« 
Late pnbliok Transactions^ or else they are an ungovernable Ban- 
dity who came out to rob & plunder, and intend to remove out of 
our way, for it's Certain the different Tribes doth not Intend to 
Prosecute the War, or the stroke would have been more generaL 
How true my conjectures are, and how they may Correspond with the 
sentiments of those who Pretend to understand more about IndiMi 
Politicks I wont pretend to say. 

I hear that Last Thursday a party of upwards of mzty men went 
from Wheeling to take possession and form a settlement on th« 
Indian side oTOhio, at the mouth of the Muskingom, I believe tbe 
report is a fact 

I Expected to see your Excellency some Time in June, but the 
Indian rupture this Spring has heretofore Prevented me from doing 
a Job of surveying which I oame home to attend. I have two 
Surveyors 'now out, and, if they met with no accident, will return 
in about Six or Eight Weeks. Soon after that happens I shall set 
out for Philadelphia. 

I will thank your Excellency for the news, and to offer mj 
respects to the Gentlemen of your Honrable Board, and permit me 
to assure your Excellency that I am with sincere Esteem 
Your Excellency's most 

Obd't Humb. Servt., 


P. 8. This will be handed your Excel])' by the Rev< John 
McMillin, a Gentleman that doth honor to his profession, and who 
called on me on his way down. I prevailed on him to wait until I 
hurried up this scrawl, being the first opportunity I have had sinoe 
my return home. 

D. P. 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq., Philadelphia. 

Hon'd by the Aevd. Jno. McMillin. 

Thomas Smith to Prbs. Dickinson, 1788. 

Philada., May 24th, 1788. 

By an act of the Legislature of Pennsylvania, passed the Slst of 
March last, entitled " An act for providing the Quota of federal 
supplies for the year 1788, & for the relief of the Citisens of this 
Stftte who have become Creditors of the United States of America 


by LouiB of Money or other Modes of farnishiDg publio supplies/' 
I^vision is made for issueing certain Notes whioh are to be put 
into mj bands for tbe purpose of paying one year's Interest on cer- 
tain Loan Office & other Certificates therein described, under certain 
limitations & restrictions, of which your Bxoellenoy & the Council 
are constituted the Judges. The public Creditors are anxious to 
avail themselves of the relief intended by this Law, & I would 
gladly discharge my duty in administering it in such manner as 
will give as little trouble to your Excellency & the Council as the 
nature and circumstances of the business will admit. In order to 
wbioh I beg leave to solicit your instructions on some points on 
which tbe determination of your Excellency & the Council seem to 
be requisite ; & by whioh instructions I may be enabled to avoid 
giving you the Trouble of frequent references of particular Cases. 

TIm act directs that one year's Interest shall be paid on " all 
such Certificates of money loaned to the United States or other 
Certificates of Debts due from the United States liquidated, ascer- 
tained & Certified according to the directions of the United States 
in Congress assembled/' other than for pay of Officers, &C*, with a 
pioviaOy among other things, that such Certificates were originally 
Issued *' in the name k for the use of any Person or Persons who at 
the time of such issuing who or were, or since have been a Citiien 
or Citisens of this State, & actually resident within the same," & if 
any difficulty shall arise respecting the right of the Claimant to the 
benefit of this act, it shall be incumbent on him to produce the proof 
necessary to establish it ; & if such proof be not sufficient to satisfy 
the Loan Officer, the same shall be referred to the President & 
Council whose determination & order thereon shall be conclusive. 
On this Clause of the Act it seems to be reauisite that general rules 
should be establbhed & made known that the applicants may come 
nroperlv prepared in the first instance to support their just claims, 
A avoid the trouble, disappointment, & Vexation which would pro- 
bably happen in numerous instances for want of such information. 

1st. As to the Certificates other than the Loan Office Certificates, 
what marks of authenticity they should bear, by whom they should 
be signed, k in what manner attested, to intitle the bearer to receive 
the In*. 

2d1y. Supposing this description ascertained, so as to put these 
Certificates on a footins with Loan Office Certificates, then, as to 
both, what proof will oe necessary, k in what mode must it be 
ascertained that they originally were issued to such persons, & in 
such manner as the Act requires to intitle them to draw Interest. 

By a resolution of Congress of the 10th Sep', 1777, it is declared 
that Interest at the rate of 6 ^ Ct. ^ ann'm should be paid on all 
monies which had been loaned, or sh' be loaned before the first of 
Marah, 1778, & that the Interest sh« be paid annually in Bills of 
Exchange at the rate of Five Livres tournois for every Dollar so doe 
for Interest. By a subsequent Aet of Congress irf the 28tlL Jone^ 


1780, establisbing a scale of depreciation for Loan Office Certificates, 
the principal of such as are dated after the 1st Sep', 1777, & before 
tbe Ist March, 1778, is sabjeot to a certain depreciation : ^* Pro- 
vided nevertheless that the same Interest & mode of payment on 
Certificates taken out before the 1st March, 1778, shall be contin* 
ned as at present, untill the principal, ascertained as aforesaid, shall 
be ready to be discharged/' The Act of Assembly in contempla- 
tion, refers to the Act of Congress as to the valae in specie of the 
Loan Office Certificates, & as no Interest has been paid on those 
bearing date between the first of Sep', 1777, & the 1st March, 1778, 
otherwise than in Bills of Exchange. I request instructions whether 
I am now to pay the full Interest on such Certificates as usual, 
without computing any depreciation or not. 

I am informed by the Treasurer that the Notes are ready for 
delivery, but as it will require time on my part to sign k prepare 
them for payment, I request the Warrant of your Excellency to the 
Treasurer to deliver me One hundred thousand Dollars, that I may 
be enabled as early as possible to pay the Interest due to such of 
the public Creditors as shall produce proper Vouches, there being 
many on whose Certificates no doubt can arise, whose neoessitys 
render them impatient to receive such relief as this payment may 
afiTord them. 

I have the honor to be 

with great respect, your Excellency's 
most obedient & most hbl. ServS 

THOS. SMITH, Com' Contf Lo. Office 

for the State of Pennsylvania. 

His Excellency John Dickinson^ Esq', President of the State of 

Thomas Smith to Frbs. DioKiNSONy 1783. 

Philada.^ June 20th, 1783. 

Certificates are presented for the payment of Interest, Issued in 
the names of Jet^ Wadsworth, Comi^ Gen», & John Cox, Q' M' 
Oonl., which they received from the Loan Office of thi§ State in 
pay for Warrants of Congiess in their faV, & with which they paid 
for services done, & for things purchased of the Citiiens of this 
State; but as those Gen'n'were not Citiaens of this State, ought it 
to preclude the possessors, Citizens of this State, from receiving 
their Interest. 

Is not Interest on Loan Offioo Certificates Issued for the pay- 


nent of priies drawn in the Lottery to the Gitisens of this State to 
be paid as on others. 

I have the honor to be 

with the greatest respect, 

T' Excellency's most obed^ serv*, 

THOS. SMITH, C C. L. Office 

for the State of Pennsylvania. 


His Ezcellencyi John Dickinson, Esq., President of the State 
of Pennsylvania. 

Besolitiion of Housb of Dblsgates to Virginia, 1788* 

In the House of Delegates, 

Friday, June 27th, 1783. 

Mr. Maun Paee reported from the Committee of Propositions 
and Orievaocies that the Committee had accordiDg to order had un- 
der their consideration the Memorial of John Campbell to them 
referred and had agreed to a report and came to several resolutions 
thereupon, which he read in his place and afterwards delivered in 
at the Gerks Table when the same were again twice read, amended 
and agreed to by the House as followeth : 

** It appears to your Committee by a resolution passed b^ the 
Assembly on the twenty-third of June, 1780, that the agreement 
made on the 31** day of August, 1779, between James Madison 
and Robert Andre?^, Commissioners for the Commonwealth of Vir- 
nnia, and George Bryan, John Ewing and David Writtenhouse 
Commissioners for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, be ratified 
and finally confirmed to wit. : that the line commonly called Masons 
and Dixons line be extended due West five Degrees of longitude to 
be computed from the River Delaware for the Southern Boundary 
of Pennsylvania, and that a Mercdian drawn from the Western ex- 
tremity thereof, to the Northern limits of the said States respec- 
tively be the Western Boundary of Pennsylvania for ever On con- 
dition that the private property & rights of all persons acquired 
under, founded on, or required by the Taws of either County Previ- 
ous to the date hereof, be saved and confirmed to them, altho' they 
should be found to fall within the other, and that in the Decision of 
disputes thereupon, preference shall be ^ven to the elder or prior 
right which ever of the said States, the same shall have been ao- 
Quired under such persons paying to that State within whose boun- 
aary their lands shall be included, the same purchase or oonsidera- 


tion money whioh would have been due from tfaem to the States 
nnder which they claimed^ the right and where any sneh pnrohase 
or oonsideration money hath since the declaration of American 
Independence been received by either state for lands which accord- 
ing to the before recited agreement shall fall within the territory of 
the* other, the same shall be reciprocally refunded and repaid.'^ 

It also appears that the said John Campbell hath lately returned 
from a captivity of three years, and that from his confinement he 
was unable to secure his title to lands taken up under the laws of 
and supposed to lie in this State, but are said to be within the 
Territory ceded to the State of Pennsylvaniai by which means there 
is Danger of his title^ to the said lands not being confirmed without 
the payment of a large sum of money, as that State it is suggested 
makes no distinction between the settlers on the lands within their 
Chartered limits, & those ceded by this State, That the Militia Offi- 
cers labour under Difficulties from the apprehension of suits being 
commenced against them by the Individuals who were called into 
Militia service under the laws of this State ; that a Judgment hath 
already been obtained against L* Col* Coz, for a considerable sum 
on that a<SK>unt, and that suits are now depending against two 
others for the same Cause. 

Besolved, that it is the opinion of this Committee that the 
Governor ought to be desired to write to the Executive of the State 
of Pennsylvania, reminding them of the terms of the Cession, as 
oontuned in the said Resolution, of the twenty-third of June, 1780, 
and requesting that the Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary Depart- 
ments of that state will in all their proceedings conforlki to the 
spirit and intention thereof: 

Resolved, that it is the opinion of this Committee thai the Ex- 
ecutive ought to appoint a Surveyor or Surveyors in conjunction 
with others to be appointed by the State of Pennsylvania,- to run 
the boundary lines as agreed to by the Commissioners from each state 
at Baltimore, in the year 1779, to be binding on this state in caae 
the State of Pennsylvania shall conform to the Conditions of the 
said Cession 


C. H. D. 

1783; June 27th. '^Agreed to by the Senate, Will Drew, 0. S. 
A Copy. 

0. H. B. 


Richard Henry Lee to Pres. Dickinson, 1780. 

Riohmond in Virginia, Jane the 30^*, 1780. 

Tour &vor of April the 15*^ did not reach me nnUI about twelya 
days ago, at this plaoe, where I^have been attending the genornl 
assembly for two months past 

I should e'er this have paid my respects to yon, had I not waited 
to see the progress of the business oonoerning the nohappy territorial 
dispute between our states. I have now the happiness to inform 
you that our Legislature hath oonsented to confirm the agreement of 
the commissioners, interposing a few conditions relating chiefly to 
quieting the possessions of the inhabitants, which I think your state 
will find no difficulty in agreeing to. The instrument of confirmation 
will, I suppose, be sent to you shortly. I must here observe, that 
the act of our assembly on which the commissioners for adjusting 
land claims exercised jurisdiction in the disputed territory, I am weu 
informed, was not the effect of design — in a general system, it was, 
thro' inattention, omitted to except the country in dispute. It can- 
not surely be wondered at that the Assembly took some time to con- 
sider about confirming a measure of magnitude, by no means made 
final by the consent of the commissioner. I am not, sir, unac- 
quainted with the jealousy that you mention has been entertained 
against this state, nor am I uninformed that it is without just founda- 
tion and it is surely the business of every good citizen of the United 
States to compose and extirpate a principle so malign, and whioh 
may produce such fiital consequences to our union. Virginia is not 
without its faults, but where is the State or the Man that is so f I 
hope, however, that our sister commonwealth of Pennsylvania will 
be satisfied that the purest principles of amity and union govern as. 

This assembly had once rejected the finance plan of Congress of 
the 18<* of March, but the question has been since revived, and a 
bill ordered in for its adoption. Tho^bill is now on its passage, and 
we hope will be finally consented to. 

. Our latest accounts from the southward inform us, that Lord 
Cornwallis, with 3,000 men, was posted at Camden in South Caro- 
lina, with outposts above and below him, having 600 men at one 
and, and 400 at the other — that he is collecting magazines of nro- 
visions and calling on the country people of whom he had taken 
paroles to come in, [to] swear allegiance to the King of Great 
Britain, and bear arms against their country. Baron Kalo and Oen. 
Casewell, when joined by 2,500 of our Militia, now on their March 
to North Carolina, will have a body of between seven and eicht 
thousand men — at present the operations there are greatly retarded 
by the want of provisions, but we expect to remove this difficulty by 
the power of a law just passed for collecting the surplus provisiona 
of every family, grain, salt, rum, &c., &c. 



The Bay of Chespeake has at this time 3 frigates and six or Beven 
priyateera io it — they oame in pursuing a fleet of Merohantmen from 
Baltimore and this State, that had collected for defence and were 
ffoing out-*it wonld seem that the enemy had been advertised of 
Uie sailing of this fleet. 

The generous exertions of yoi^ State at tho present mat orisisy 
does honor to the commonwealth and its councils — I wish the exam- 
ple may inspire, as it ought, the rest of this sleeping union. 

I beg my respectful compliments may be presented to the Ladies 
of your family, and that you will be assured 1 am, with much esteem 
and regard; Sir, 

your most obedient and 

very humble servant, 


P. S. — ^I have said that our Legislature hath consented, &o. ; the 
Senate have passed our instrument of confirmation with a small 
amendment that will create no difference between the houses. 

Directed^ — His Excellency Joseph Reed, Esquire, President of the 
Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia. 

Thomas Smith to Pres. Dickinbon^ 1783. 

Philad«, July 1st, 1788. 

In the Letter* which I had the honor to receive from your Exoel- 
lency in answer to my application for instructions in executing the 
duties required of me by Act of Assembly respecting the payment of 
Interest on Loan Office Certificates, your Excellency was pleased to 
say, respecting Certificates bearing date the 1st Sep', 1777, & the 
1st March, 1778, that it seemed to the Council that the Interest op 
such Certificates should be computed according to the depreciation, 
In consequence of which I have tendered that mode of computation^ 
to such holders of those certificates as have applied for the payment 
tyf Interest on them ; but they are not willing to acquiesce in it 
Some seem disposed to wait patiently till the matter shall be more 
ftilly decided on } but others are differently inclined, and are rather 
peremptory in their demands of the full Interest— -Olamours are 
likely to arise. And as I wish to save your Excellency & the Council 
the trouble of numerous applications on this point from individuals 
—I take the liberty of requesting more particular instructions con- 
cerning it 

I have the honor to be, 

with the greatest respect, 

Y' Excellency's most obed* H» 8*, 

THO. SMITH, C. Lo. Office 
for the state of Penns*. 
His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq'. 

* See page 168. 


MoNS. Marbois to Pres. Dickinson, 1788. 

Philadelphia, the 19tb July, 1783. 

I have the honour to infonn your Exoelleucy that yesterday 
between three and four o'clock a vessel arrived in this harbour 
having French flag. She were ordered by the Commander of the 
King's Ship now in this River (the Pintado) to come and give 
information acoordins to our naval laws : the Captain having not 
Complied with the Order given, a French Midshipman went on 
board, was very insolently answer'd and threatened to be thrown over 
board ; he withdrew & it was not untill this morning that I was in- 
formed the Vessel is an English who took the advantage of French 
colours to be admitted here for fear she would not be received under 
English she has still the French flag & asserts no body will be able 
to oblige him to strike it. I desire your Excellency will be so 
obliging as to order what you & Council shall think fit in such a 
case for this breach of public faith and the imposition upon the 
State of Pennsylvania. For our part we request also the English 
Captain be obliged to go on board the Pintade, there to beg pardon 
for the insult offered to the French officers under a false flag & that 
he be obliged accordine to the Laws of Nation, immediately to 
strike the French flag he had deceptiously hoisted. I desire yon 
will be so obliging as to let me know what measures will be adopted 
in the case, that 1 may give proper information to Mr. Prevot de la 
Croix, the Captain of the King's Ship. 
I am with respect 

your Excellency's 

most humble & 

obedient Servant, 


Gov. Harrison, of Virg'a, to Prbs. Dickinson, 1788, 

Virginia Council Chamber, 

July 23d, 1783. 

Four favour of the 3d Instant, came to hand by the hist post. I 
never had a doubt of the rectitude of the Pensylvania Government 
or suspected their Intentions of infringing the agreement entered 
into by the two States, notwithstanding which the people who have 
been given up to yon may be aggrievd by your Magistrates and 
subordinate Officers, partienhu* Instances of which have been pointed 
out where Officers of Militia have been prosecuted in ^out Ow^a^ 


and severe Damages given against them for acting in conformity to 
the Laws of this State and in obedience to the orders of Govern- 
ment, and I make no doubt but your Excellency will on enqniiy 
find the fiaots to be so. You will excuse me for not agreeing with 
yon that the application here was improper, the complainants have 
been given up by this State on certain Conditions, if those Con- 
ditions are not performed to whom are the Sufferers to apply for 
redress but to those who gave them up, it being altogether a pnblio 
concern and not an Individual one, however it is now nnneoeasarj 
for me to enter &rther into the subject as your Excellency will see 
by the enblosed that the Assembly have laken up the subject and I 
beg the favor of you to lay their Resolution before your Assembly. 

As the happy period, for which the running the astronomicMil 
Line between the two States was postponed is now arrived, and it is 
highly necessary there should be a final end put to this Busineas 
that the minds of the people may be quieted and every man know 
with certainty to which State he belongs. I hope you can have no 
objection to the appointment of Commissioners on your part to do 
the work as soon as it can be done with propriety, when you favor 
me with your Determination I will take care to have them appointed 
on onr part and to see that they be provided with every thing neces- 
sary for completing the Business. 

I have the Honor to be with 

perfect esteem and respect 

your Excellence's most 

Obedient Humble Servant, 


To His Excellency John Dickinson. 

Thos. McKban, C. J., TO Pres. Dickinson, 1783. 


• Doctor William Moland the son of John Moland Esauire dcQeased 
was attainted of treason in virtue of a Proclamation of the Supreme 
Executive Council, dated in June, 1778. He surrendered himself 
in August following, andjby the Advice of the then Council, I admitted 
him to Bail on the 4th September, 1778, with a view to a pardon, 
which has not yet issued, owing (I believe) to hb case having been 
forgotten, and to his own inattention to it. 

His case was represented to stand thus; he went into Phila- 
delphia without the permission or knowledge of Government in the 
Sprinff of 1778, when in possession of the British Army, and 
immediately took a passage for Antigua or St Christophers from 
whence he letumed in the August following. For this conduct 


be alleged, that he was reduced in his oircumstnnceSy and had 
ft brother in the West Indies from whom he had some expec- 
tations of assistance, and therefore undertook the vojago. He had 
before this taken the oath of allegiance to the State, and acted in 
the MUitia &c., on the side of his country, and has done so ever 
jiince, tho' he appears to be rather an imprudent joong man, and 
perhaps cared little about the event of contest 
These are all the circumstances I now recollect, relating to this 
. ftffiiir : he has begged of me to mention them to your Excellencey 
and the Council, hoping that upon due consideration of all circum- 
BtftnceSi he may now obtain a pardcn. 

I know of no weighty objeotions to his wishes being gratified and, 
from the length of time since the transaction, and the other public 
ooonrrences, I am induced to recommend him to the mercy & pardon 
of Government. 

I have the honor to be Sir, 

with great regard your Excellency's, 
& the Connoirs most obedient humble servant, 


Philadelphia, July 28th 1783. 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esquire, President, &c.^of Penn- 

Resolution of Assembly, 1783. 

State of Pennsylvania In General Assembly. 
Friday, August 22d, 1783, A. M. 

The committee appointed x\ugust 19, on the message from Council 
dated August 18 instant, made a further report in part, which was 
read, and on motion and by special order the same was read the 
■eeond time, whereupon, 

Resolved, secondly that Mr. Steinmetz, Mr. Penrose and Mr. J. 
Horria be a committee to confer with Council on the subject of remov- 
ing the obstructions to navigation in the river Delaware, and report 

Extract from the minates, 
J. SHALLUS, Asst. Clerk 
of the Qeneral Assembly. 


BssoLunoH OF Gbitebal Assbxblt, 1788. 

Stftte of PtonsylTanui In Cknenl AawmUy 
Thundaj September 1788, A. H. 
The report of the committee, read yesterday, was read the \ 
timei and adopted as follows, via. 

The committee to whom the memorial of the iDhabitanta of the 
county of bncka, on the subject of the death of the late Malor 
Kennedy, was referred, beg leaye to report. That in oonaderalKm 
of the ffallantry and good conduct of the said Major Kennedy in m 
succesml attempt upon a party of robbers, felons and buralm, in 
which he received a mortal wound, and the misfortune, which a wife 
and tender offimring must naturally experience in his death^ they 
beg leave to submit the following resolution. 

Besolved, unanimously, that the Supreme Executive Council be 
required to pay by draught on the treasury of this State, into the 
hands of the Executors or administrators of the before mentioned 
Major Kennedy the sum of three hundred pounds, to be divided in 
six equal shares for the use of his widow and five children. 
Extracts from the minutes, 

Clerk of the Oencral Assembly. 
To the Honorable the Supreme Executive Council. 

Dr. Hutchinson to Pres. Dickinson — Hospital, 

Dr. Hutchinson begs leave to inform his Excellency the Presi- 
dent and Council that the Hospital on State Island is now in a sitn- 
ation to accommodate the sick comfortably, the rooms are fitted up 
and bunks are made, the Steward & matron are careful and attentive, 
but bedding is much wanted and the sick suffer on that account, the 
expence for two or three bolts of oznabrigs would be but trifling, and 
the matron would make them up into bed covers herself provided 
they were purchased; 16 sick are now at the Hospital & Dr. Hutch- 
inson has ordered 11 more down this morning. 

Sept. 22d 1783. 


Bbsolutions op Assembly, 1788. 

State of Pennflylnuiia^ In General Assembly, 

Monday, September 22, 1783, A.M. 

The report of the committee on the memorial of the officers of 
tbe Pennsylvania line, was read the second time^ and adopted, and 
ia as follows, (yiz. :) 

The committee from whom the Message from the Supreme Ezecn- 
tiTe Conneil, dated September 9, 1783,* together with the memorial 
of the Officers of the Pennsylvania line, were referred, beg leave to 

That having duly considered the Message and Memorial they 
ofier the following resolutions to the House. 

lat. That it is equally the interest of the State, and the Officers, 
to aeoept the propoeed commutation in lieu of half pay — this House 
does accordingly adopt the ordinance of Congress as follows : 
M JBj the United States in Congress assembled, 

« March 23, 1783. 

" On the report of a committee to whom was referred a motion 
^ of Mr. Dyer, together with the memorial of the officers of the 
'' Arm V, and the report of the committee thereon. Congress came to 
'' the rollowing resolutions : 

" Whereas the officers of the several lines under toe immediate 
'< command of his Excellency General Washington, did by their 
" late memorial transmitted by their committee, represent to Con- 
'* gress, that the half pay granted by sundry resolutions, was re- 
^ garded in an unfavorable light by the citizens of some of these 
"states, who would prefer a compensation for a limited term of 
'' years, or by a sum in gross to an establishment for life, and did, 
^ on that account, solicit a commutation of their half pay for an 
"equivalent in one of the two modes above mentioned, in order to 
" remove all subject of dissatisfaction from the minds of their fel- 
" low subjects. 

<* And whereas, Congress are desirous, as well of gratifying the 
" reasonable expectations of the officers of the Army, as of remov- 
" ing all objections which may exist in any part of the United 
" States, to the principles of the half pay establishment, for which 
" the futh of the United States hath been pledged, persuaded that 
" those objections can only arise from the nature of the compensa- 
" tion, not from anv indisposition to compensate those whose ser- 
" vices, sacrifices andf sufferings have so just a title to the approba- 
" tion and rewards of their country. 

" Therefore Resolved, That such officers as are now in the service 
" and shall continue therein to the end of the war shall be entitled 
" to receive the amount of five years full pay in money, or sccuri- 

* See CoL Rec, Vol. XIII., p. 682. 


'Hies on interest at six ^ cent, per annum, as Congress sbdl find 
" most convenient, instead of the half pay promised for life by the 
'' resolation of the twenty day of October, 1780; the said secnritias 
<< lo be snoh as shall be given to other creditors of the United States, 
^ provided it be at the option of the lines of the respective States, 
'^ and not of officers individually in the lines, to accept or refdse the 
^' same, and provided also, that their election shall be ognified to 
" Goneress through the Commander in chief, from the lines under 
** his immediate command, within two months, and through the 
'^ commanding officer of the Southern Army, of those under his com- 
<< mand, within six months from the date of this resolution. 

** That the same commutations shall extend to the corps not be- 
'' longing to the lines of particular states, and who are entitled to 
^' half pay for life, as aforesaid ; the acceptance or refusal to be 
*' determined by corps and to be signified in the same manner, and 
*' within the same time as above mentioned. That all officers be- 
*' longing to the hospital department ; who are entitled to half pay 
<' by the resolution of the seventeenth day of January, 1781, may 
'' collectively agree to accept or refuse the aforesaid commutation, 
'^ signifying the same through the Commander in chief within six 
<< months from this time. That such officers as have retired at 
' different periods, entitled to half pay for life, may collectively in 
^' each state of which they arc inhabitants, accept or refuse the 
'' same ; their acceptation or refusal to be signified by agents, au- 
" thorised for that purpose, within six months from this period^ 
f' that with respect to such retiring officers, the commutation if ao- 
'' ccpted by them, shall be in lieu of whatever may be now due to 
'' them since the time of their retiring from service, as well as of 
" what might hereafter become due ; and that so soon as their ao- 
^' ceptanoo shall be signified, the Superintendant of finance be, and 
<< he is hereby, directed to take measures for the settlement of their 
'' accounts accordingly, and to issue to them certificates bearing 
^'interest at six per cent. That all officers entitled to half pay for 
'' life, not included in the preceding resolutions may also colleo- 
** tively agree to accept or refuse the aforesaid commutation signify- 
'' ing the same within six months from this time. 

2. Resolved, that it be recommended, most earnestly to the snor 
ceeding Assembly to provide adequate funds, for the purpose of 
insurioe the commutation as above set forth. 

3. That one half the sum in the hands of the naval officer, or 
that may come into his hands, being now actually due, under the 
Acts of A.8sembly for raising an import passed the 23' of day Decem- 
ber, 1780, and the " Act for guarding and defending the navigation 
'' in tho bay and river Delawaro, and for other purposes therein 
" mentioned," passed the Ninth day of April, 1782, and tho '• Act 
^^ for raising an impost on goods, wares or merohandize, imported 
" or brought into this state by land," passed the 22* day of Novem- 
bor| 1782| and the '^ Act for raising and collecting of money on the 


^ ipaeified ariioles thereiQ mentioned^ for the rapport of govern- 
'< ment, and for other purposes therein mentioned/' passed the 20*^ 
day of Mareh last, be, and the same is hereby appropriated for the 
VM of the offioerSy deranged on the first day of January last, and 
now to be deranged in proportion to their pay and rank ; they to be 
•eooantable, and that the Supreme Executive Council, be hereby 
empowered to make the necessary arrangements, and draw on the 
BBTil officer for the sum above appropriated. 

Your committee further observe that such parts of the memorial, 
M raspect certificates for pay are already provided for by bills before 
the Elouse ; and that part which requests the House to assume all 
their debts, and to allow interest on commutation to the deranged 
offieers, are of such a nature as to take up too much time in this pre- 
sent ntting, and therefore recommend it to the notice of the su<»- 
eeeding House. 

Extract from the Minutes. 

Asst. Clerk, 
of the General Assembly. 
For the honorable the Supreme Executive Council. 

DoESET Pbntbcost TO Prbs. Dickikson, 1783. 

Philadelphia^ October 6th, 1783. 

For several years previous to the Settlement of the Territorial 
dispute between this State and Virginia, and at the time that Wash- 
ington County was laid out by this State, I enjoyed the Office of 
Olerk of the Court for Tohogania County in Virginia, which office 
faieluded that of Prothonotary of the Court of Common Pleas, Clerk 
of the Quarter Sessions, and Clerk of the Orphans' Court, with other 
Ofliees, by the Constitution of this State, made Seperate and Inde- 
pendent Offices. The County of Yohogania is almost entirely taken 
into this State by the Settlement, and line run between the two 

Those offices that I enjoyed under the other Government were 
Wrested from me, and Oiven to Thomas Scott, Esquire, a person 
wko then was not nor yet is an Inhabitant of the County, but a 
Gentleman well Qualified for that office. 

How consistent this Treatment to me was with the Solemn agree- 
ment between the two States, I leave your Honorable Board to 
determine, which says, << That the private property and rights of all 
'' persons acquired under, founded on, or recognised by the Laws of 
^' either Country, previous to the date (of that agreement) Shall be 


'^ saved and confirmed nnto them^ although they should be foiind to 
'^ fall within the other. 

The perticuliar Situation of affairs at that time made it prudent 
as well as Necessary for me to Submit to the Injury done me without 
a murmur. 

But as there is now a new County laid out by the name of Fayette, 
in which Mr. Scott resides, and who Certainly is the most Capable 
person in that County to fill that Office, Justice can be done with 
ease and propriety. I therefore humbly hope your Honorable Board 
will be pleas'd to appoint Mr. Scott Prothonotary, with the usual 
Offices annexed, in the County of Fayette. And that your Honor- 
able Board will be pleas'd to do me Justice in restoring of me to 
the Offices in your gift, which I held in the County of Washington 
previous to Mr. Scott's appointment, and which I discharged for m 
Series of years with unimpeaohed Integrity. 

I beg leave to inform your Excellency and Council that this mode 
of proceeding will not only give Satisfaction to the Public, but be 
perfectly consistent with the wish of Mr. Scott, as far as this busi« 
ness relates to him, I have his declared acquiosence. 

Knowing the Justice as well as Humanity of the Gentlemen 
Composing your Honble Board, and Conscious of the uprightness of 
my own Heart, and the rectitude of my Intentions, and Viewing, I 
hope, with an Impartial Eye the Circumstances attending this busi- 
ness, I look up to your Honorable Board for redress in this par- 

I shall not say one word respecting the Gentlemen Candidates for 
the Offices of Fayette, although unanswerable reasons could be 
assigned of the Impropriety of appointing either of them to the offices 

Having had the honor of Serving as a member of your Honorable 
BcMird for almost two years, I can but feel the greatest anxiety of 
now retiring from amongst you, which I would not do under any 
Consideration, did not the time of my Election Expire in a few days, 
and which I must anticipate by a voluntary resignation, and whiob 
this Letter serves to announce. Indeed a personal JDeolaration 
would be very painful, for be assured that I have the most perfect 
Esteem for your Excellency and the Gentlemen composing your 
Honorable Board, and here permit me to Express my hearty and 
Sincere wishes that your Excellency may have a Happy administra- 
tion, and that yon and your associates may live in perfect Harmonyi 
while you continue together in your Country's Service. 

I have the Honor to be with perfect Esteem and Sincere regavd| 
Your Excellencies most Devoted 

and Very Humble Servant, 

His Excellency, John Dickinson. 


Thomas MiFFLiir to Prbs. Dickinson, 1788. 

Annapolis, Deoem. 23rd, 1783. 

I have the honor to inform jon that this day at tweWe o'clock 
His Exoellenoy General Washington had a public audience of Con- 
gress, resigned his Commission and took his leave of all the employ- 
ments of pnblio life. The General's address & the answer of 
Congress I enclose for the satisfaction of year Excellency & the 
Honorable Council. The Delegates of Pennsylvania will write to 
yonr Excellency by the next post & give you a detail of the business 
which has b^n acted upon^ Congress since their arrival here. 

I have the honor to be, 
wi:h the highest respect, 
your Excellency's & Council's obed. Servt. 


■ Hb Excellency President Dickinson. 

J. MooBE TO Pbbs. Dickinson, 1783. 


* By Mr. Shepard T do myself the pleasure to write yonr Ex- 
oellenoy, and as he has for some time Fast, been an inhabitant of 
this Place, and Possesed of a great share of the Confidence of 
Cooneedcut claimants, we will be able to give your Excellency 
just information of their Proceedings and intentions. 

He is charged with the Petition I Hinted to you, was in hands 
for the Honble Assembly, it is signed by a few of the claimants, 
who disaprove of the measures laterly adopted by many of the 
People here. They are anxious to have the Benefits of former 
Besolves of the Honble House extended to them. How far they 
have complied with the intentions of the Assembly, (altho at a 
late Hour) their Petition will evince. 

The committee of Assembly appointed to Enquire into the 
Unoonstitutional Proceedings of the judicial officers of this Place 
mre arrived ; and will Proceed to business this day. I trust their 
conduct will appear very different from what it has been Repre- 


How far the Military force may be Necessary to support tbe 
authority of the state in this Placej Mr. Shepard will' be able to 
inform you. 

I haye the honor to be, 

your Excellency's most 
obedient & yery Hble. seryt.i 

Fort Dickinson, December 29, 1783. 

His Ezoellencyi John Dickinson, Esq., President of the State of 

1784, January 20th. From Major James Moore. 

Resolution of Gbkeral Assemblt, 1784. 

In Oeneral Assembly, 

Monday, January 5, 1784. 
The papers transmitted with the foregoing message, were alao 
read, and on motion, and by special order the said message and 
papers were read the second time.^ 

Ordered, that they be referred to Mr. Delany, Mr. Long, Mr. 
Hubley, Mr. McPherson and Mr. Carothers to report thereon : and 
that they be instructed to confer with Council thereon if they deem 
it necessary. 

Extract from the B^nutes. 

Clerk of the 
General Assembly. 

Pkes. Dickinson to Delegates in Ck>NaBBS8, 1784. 

In Council, 

January 7th| 1784. 

We haye receiyed your two letters of the 30th of last Month,f 
and are sorry such a Difficulty as you mentioned conOemlng the 
Ratification of the Definitive treaty should have arisen. We hope 
it will be removed in a few days, by the attendance of several 
Members of Congress. If it should not be removed in time, we 
are clearly of opinion, that on all the Circumstances of the caae, 
the Batification ought to be agreed to, by seven States. 

* See Col. Reo. Vol. XIV. p. 11. 
t See p. 165, 156. 


With Bflspecfc to the Generars fatore sitaation, our meaniDg 
only is, that he shoald not be pennitted to suffer by the eminent 
aetrices he had rendered to his Coontry. *' A Grant of a sum of 
Money/' wo apprehend, he would not accept; perhaps he may 
reject die offer of ^' an annual sum to indemnify him for expenses, 
which nuy arise from the particular situation he must be in/' This 
is our Idea; and after such previous Consultations as your Pru* 
denoe will suggest, we should be glad, if the proposition in some 

Seneral Form might be brought into the Consideration of Congress. 
'he Mode must be left to their politeness, & the substance to their 
generosity to determine. There appears to us no Impropriety, in 
the general's table being kept up during his Life, as Commander in 

We will lay before The General Assembly your observatioOi 
respecting the expense of copying public papers. 
I am, Gent, 

Your Most obt. servt., 


The Honorable the Delegates of Pennsyyania. 

Samuxl Caldwbll to Pbes. Dickinson, 1783. 

Philada., Jany., 1784. 

I would beg leave to remind your Excellency and through your 
favour to soUidt the attention of the Supreme Executive Council 
to a matter that seems to require their interposition in order to 
obtain Justioe, which tho' often demanded could not be procured 
from your Predecessors in office. 

The affair is in short this. On the 21st June 1780, 1 bought at 
a public auction held by the Commissioners for the sale of Confis- 
eated Estates in the County of Philadelphia, a Tract of Land on 
Hog Island'*' as being late the property of Joseph Ghilloway, and 
having punctually paid them the purchase money agreeeble to the 
terms of sale. I apply'd for a Deed, but in obtaining this, I met 
with unexpected delays ft difficulties which perhaps it may be un- 
neoeflsary to trouble you with a recital of, I will only inform your 
Szeelleney ft the Honorable Council, that I did not obtain a Deed 
till' the 9th day of May 1782 and that the' this Deed did not grant 
Me all the property I purchased ft paid for, vet I was then oontent 
to reoeive it, rather than suffer a longer delay ft be engased in m 
diBpvte or litigation for a just right, in full expectation however, 
that I should receive immediate possession of the premises, ft that a 
just oompensation would be made me, fbr the Injury I sustained by 
the delay, which it cannot be aliedged was occasioned by any failure 
on my part. 

* €ol. Rm. Vol. XIV., p. 414. 


The Deed being at length obtaJDed and also an order ftom the 
Supreme Ezecative Coancil issaed to the Commiesioners & the 
Sheriff of the County to give me posscssioni — I attended them for 
that purpose, but as we were not suffered to to land upon the Islandj 
the order was not executed and I am still deprived of my Right. 

At the time I made this purchase I was entirely ignorant of any 
Claim or Inoumberance being on the Premises^ and the Commissioner 
declared it to be sold in Fee Simple & clear of any. I made fre- 
quent applications to the Supreme Executive CouncQ during the 
Presidency of Mr. Moore, but without Effect tho' he often gave me 
to understand that Justice should be done and as all I ever wished 
or now soUioit is Justice, I have no doubt* your Excellencr ft the 
Honorable Council will lake this matter into consideration & grant 

The Records of Council will no doubt furnish you irith more 
information on this Subject, but if my attendance should be thought 
necessary I will immediately attend upon notice. 
I am with great Respect, 

your Excellency's most Obd. Servt. 


His Excellency the President of the Supreme Executive Council. 
Indortedf Jany. 8, 1782. 

Michael Huffkaglb to Major Armstrong, 1784. 

January 8th, 1784. 
Dr. Sir, 

I mentioned to you some time ago about the reserved Tract 
opposite Pittsburg & lately wrote you concerning the appointment 
of agents for confiscated Estates for this County. 

I now take the Liberty to mention to Couocil that at last October 
Term, three Indictments where Brought against three persons for 
Keeping Tipling House in Reasons Town, upon which Process 
issued to bring them to answer to the Indictments, when the Sheriff 
went to take them, they were advised by Mr. Thomas Scott their 
attorney to resist the Sheriff & not to appear, the reasons he gava 
for his doing so was, that the New County was fixed by Assembly in 
September, that the Courts of Westmoreland bad no jurisdiotioflL 
there after that date. Now I shall be obliged to you for (ha 
opinion of Council what steps should have been taken ; the Ooorfti 
in Fayette could not take place by Law untill the twenty third daw 
of December following & we had no notice of the County ontiU 
some time after Octoil^r Court. If this Court could not have tha 
Jurisdiction those People most have lived in a state of confusion 
for they could not have any Jurisdiction untill the day I mentioned 
Before, although Mr. Scott about three weeks Before, got some of the 

* See CoL Roc, XIV. p. 4. 


Majestntefl to meet, opened a Coart, appointed tbeir jadge & issued 
Writa ret'ble. the day appointed by Law for opening the Court, if 
prooeedings of this kind should be countenanced the state will loose 
Mr fines, & anarchy & confusion must take place, you will please 
to write me as soon as possible. 

your most obt. Hble. Senrt. 


Major Armstrong. 

(On Public Serrice.) 

Major John Armstrong, jr., Secretary to Council, Philadelphia. 

J. MooRB TO Pres. Dickinson, 1784. 


The Committee directed by the Hon'ble Assembly to enquire into 
the Charges Set forth in a petition from the inhabitants of Wyoming, 
baTO gone thro' the iuTestigation, and have this moraine left this 
place. How far the testimony adduced in support of the charges 
nay appear to criminate the Civil and Military officers, in takcing 
decisive Measures to diffuse & support the laws, we must feave the 
Hon'ble House to judge ; but when they duly Consider the Testi- 
mony on Our part, evidently tending to discover that a dangerous 
imurreotion was intended, I trust their Conduct will merit some 

As I am not charged with even the shadow of an offence, (the 
neasorcs complained of being done Previous to my arrival,) I con- 
eeive myself the more at liberty to appear in their Behalf. 

By what I can learn from the Committee that was here, it appears 
to M the intention of the House to dismiss the Troops at this 
place; it is observed by those who wish the dissolution of the 
Corps, '' that the expenoo is great, and that there is no Necessity 
^ for keeping it up, as the People claiming under Connecticut dis- 
'* elaim a conduct inconsistent with the true interests of the State.'' 
^The expenoe in keeping up the corps for a few months, must be 
•mall, the men being already raised, clothed, and Provisions, agreea- 
Uj to Contract, laid in for some months to Come — and should it be 
tlie intention of the Hon'able the Assembly to invest the Proprietors 
vnder Penn' with the lands they have long since purchased ; I must 
beg leave to Represent the Imediate Necessity of Troops being kept 
liBirc to support the civil Jurisdiction, untill the Owners Can be 
put in Possession of their property — and to prevent Insurrections and 
Quarrels, which are much to bo dreaded in the Spring, about who 
shall Cultivate the land. 

Shieo the decision of the Commissioners at Trenton, and since the 
Garriion has been here^ all the Pennsylvania landholders have boea 


looking forward to the Happy Period that now offers of Oiving them 
Qaiet Possession of that Property which has, with equal iDJoatieey 
been taken and kept from them this many years ; — they wish to 
avail themselves of the support of this (Harrison, untill they get Pos- 
session and Grow numerous — should it be deemed too expensive to 
support the present number of officers and men allotted for this 
Garrison, let it bo reduced to a Capt., 2 Subs., and 75 men, that 
will be a force, if not sufficient to supress Insurrections, (should they 
be attempted,) it will, at least, be sufficient to support the Garrisoa 
untill succor can bo Had ; It will also Give the Highest Confidence 
to the Pennsylvania Land holders, who will generally take Measures 
for Obtaining Possesion of their Property in the spring, (While 
they Otherways Would Not,) and remove the Great object of Con- 
troversy, and Put the land under such Cultivation as would add 
much to the advantage of the State. 

To facilitate the Improvement of this Country, and to alleviate the 
sufferings of Hundreds already bom down with the oppression of 
those people, Might it Not be proper to recommend a litw making 
it Justifyable in the sheriff of the county where an ample Title is 
produced, to put the Owner in Possesion of his land without the 
slow and Expensive Process of the laws now in force, which many 
Good Citizens, from being so long debared the use of their land^ 
are Unable to support A Measure of this Kind would most amply 
settle all disputes early in the Spring, when the Troops might be 
dismissed, and the country [put] under such Improvement and Cul- 
tivation as would enable the Possesors to bear a Proportion of the 
Public debts. 

Alexander Patterson, Esq', made me acquainted with m PeUtion 
presented to your Excellency and Council, by Abel Yarringtony 
respecting a House ho formerly possesed in this Garrison, altho' he 
was Ordered to remove to a house Provided and put in repair by the 
Troops for his Reception before I arrived at this place. 1 must 
acknowledge it Met with my Warmest approbation — and I trust it 
will appear consistent with the Verbal instructions, not only delivered 
to me by Council, but those which Capt. Shrawder had previously 
received — those officers who directed his Removal, has made £§9* 
Patterson fully acquainted with their Beason8^>-I must beg leave ta 
refer you to his Report. 

Inclosed your Excellency will find a Monthly Return of the CorpsL 
the muster & Payrolls, and the Inspection Return for the Month of 
December I shall have finished and forwarded as early as possiblA. 

The situation of the sick has oblidged me to apply to a Physician ; 
the Inclosed list of Medicines, he says, is necessary and Imediatelj 

^^ I have the Honor to be 

your Excellency's Most and very Hble. serVt 

Fort Dickison, Jan'y 9, 1784. 

Sis ExcoUency John Dickinson, Etsq., President of the State. 





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The ritoatioD of the siok has made it Booeasary for me to apply to 
m Pbyeicao in the Neighbourhood^ and as it will bo attended with 
ku otpeaoe to the State to Airnish the Medicine neceaaarj in the 
Caeea that may appear. I hare procured the above list| which I 
wuh may be forwarded as Early as possible.''' 


Vol. X.— 9. 

* Not iescrted. 



Wm. Smith to P&bs. Dickinson, 1784. 

PhU% Jao^ 12th, 1784. 

Certificates which have undergone a final settlement & Liquida- 
tion by Joseph Nourse, Esq^ Kegister Gen^, are presented for ike 
payment of Interest, they seem to come within the intention of the 
act of Assembly^ I trust your Ezc^ & the Hon^^ Goundls opiaioii| 
whether I am to pay the Interest on them. 

I have nearly paid the amount of the last Warrant, beg another 
on the Treaa' for the like sum. 

I have the honor to be, 
with great Respect, Sir, 

y moBt obed. Hble. Servt., 

Cr. Gl. L. office, 
for the State of Pennsylvania.* 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq", President of the State of 

State op Bebks County, Militia, 1784. 

January 13, 1784. 
1783. i^pointment, April the lOth, Mcger, January the 8. 
1784 ; all the Best the 21 of April, 1783. 

Fibst Battalion. 

Nicholas Lutz, Esq% L'Gol. apointed the 10 Ap., 1783. 

Jacob Bower, Esq', Major, Jan. 3, 1784. 

Heildeberg. Gumru. 

1 Compy. N" of Men. 3 Gomp^. 

Adam Hain, Gapt. ^ John Weidner, Gapt ") 

Peter Kole, Lt. ^ 115 

John Hain, En. 


2 Gompy. 
Pet«r Nagel, Gapt 

Ghristian Madery, Lt. 
Ernst Gross, En. 

* Se« Col. Bee. 


Ghristian Bechtol, Lt.~ C 106 
David Punzius, En. j 


4 Gompi^. 
Gonrad Geist, Gapt.'^ 
Henry Brown, Lt. 1 101 
Jacob Leitheuser, En. j 

Vol. XIV. p. 6. 



6 ComyJ^. 

Sebistian Miller, Capt 
Adam Rafth, Lt 

John Gernand, En. 


6 Oompy. 
Henry Wax, 
John Keen, 
Lodwig BanaleT] 




Lt. Y 

r, Enj ) 


CuMBTTi a Breoknoo. 
• 7 Compy. 
Peter Gower, Oapt") 
Adam Spoon, Lt. Vlt)2 
Daniel Pannebecker, En. } 

John Strohecker, Oapt. ") 
John Kendal, Lt V 103 
HartmsnLeitheoferEn. j 

Second Battalion. 

Baleer Geehr, Kpq', L'CoL 
1 Oompy. No. of Men. 
Conrad Minich, Oapt. ^ 
Niohokfl Holler, Lt. V 
Martin Dreibelbis, En. ) 


2 Compy. 
Jacob Shortly^ Capt. 
George Albrecbt| Lt. 
Christ* Albrecbt, En 

8 Compi". 
Godfry Seidle, Capt. 
Simon Krensher, Lt 
Anthony Billich, En. 

4 Comp^. 

Francis Umbehaoker, Capt 
Jacob Rnnkel| Lt 

Jacob Heck, En 



Martin Keroheri Esq', Migor. 


5 Compy. 
Jacob ChappilL Capt. 1 
George Reber, Lt L 
Andrew Smith, En. j 


6 Compi". 
Jaoob Wetstone, Capt ' 
Michael Moser^ Lt 
George Orwig, En. 


7 Compy. 
Michael Brobst^ Capt ' 
George Fob, Lt 
Philip Gliok, En. 


8 Comp7. 
Jacob Eppler, jn', Capt. ' 
Valentine Moaer, 
Nicholas Lieb, 


pt '\ Jacob Eppler, jn', Capt. 1 

V Valentine Moaer, Lt V 

. 3 Nicholas Lieb, En. J 

Third Battaijon. 

Samuel Ely, Esq', L'CoL 


1 Compy. 
Charles Kranse, 
Jaoob Miller, 
John Fenstermakcr, 

cr^ En. J 

Stephen Baldy, Esq', Major. 


2* Comp>^. 
Valentine Hanpt, Capt. 
Peter Klein, Lt 

Henry Ghci&t| Ijki* 





mOk^ Hinterleitor, Capt 
jMob Sigfriedy ju', Lt 


4 Gompy. 
Christiui Merkle, Oapt. 
Philip Klein, Lt 
Conrad StengjUTi iln. 


5 Comp^. 
Jacob Swejer, Capt 
Henry Sweyer, Lt. 
Jacob Christ, En. 



Peter Smithi Capt 
Joat Soder, Lt. 

Henry Fbher, Sa. 


7 Compi^. 
Jacob Baldy, Capt.*) 
John King, Lt V 

Leonard Snyder. En. j 


8 Compi'. 

Lt. V 

En. ) 



FiiTH Battalion. 
Henry Spyker, Esq', L'CoL Chriatian Loweri jan% Esq', Major. 

1 Comps". N* of Men 

Michael Wolf, Capt) 
Frederick Seybert, Lt y 
Chrifl'n Walbum j', En. J 


2 Compy. 
John Anspoch, Capt ) 
Nicholas Seybert, Lt \ 107 
John Losher, jon', En. j 


8 Compy. 
Philip Filbert, Capt. 
George Knopp, Lt. ^ 70 
John Klinglcr, En. 


4 Compy. 
Daniel Oreaff, Capt 
Joseph Deppy, Li 
Jonas Eckert, En 



Capt ■) 
Lt J- 
En. ) 


6 Gompy. 
John Biegel, Capt 
Christopher Kern, Lt 
John Walter, En 


6 Comp^. 
Philip Hedrich, Cmpt. 
Peter Brcssl^, Lt. 
Jacob Stein, En. 


7 Compy. 
Henry Spang, Capt ) 
Jacob Smith, Lt V 
Jacob Sheffer, En. J 


8 Compy. 
John Folmcr, Capt, 
Daniel Kromcr. Lt 
Andrew Daniel, . En. 


r.t [ 



Sixth Battalion. 



John ComuoBi Esq^ L'CoL 
!•* Gomp^ N* of Men 
Daniel Leinbach, Capt. ^ 
John Eirlin, Lt. ^ 
John Hnnter^ En. ) 


2 Compy. 
Jacob Rodarmekf Capt. 
Jaoob Price, 
Fred^ Bengeman 


3 Compi'. 
Oeorge Beeber, Capt. 
Adam Zweyer, Lt 
Jacob Seybert, En. 


4 Comp>^. 
Adam Boada, 
George Gilbert, 
George Fronhooserj 

Nicholas Hnnterj Esq'i Major, 
5 Compy. 
David Shall, Capt. 

Jaoob Keen, 
BalBer Behm 


k, Capt.) 

Lt. V 

D, En. ) 

r. En. J 




6 Compy 
Jacob Hill, Capt. 

John Lesher, Lt 
Abraham Lesher, En. 


7 Comp^. 
John Miller, Capt 
John Goodman, Lt. 
Henry Gibson, En. 

East Distbiot. 

8 CompJ'. 
Peter Eieffer, Capt. 
Chris' Frey, Lt 
Madiias Bieohert, En. 








I do hereby Certify that all the Rtt officer are apointed the 19 
of April, 1783, Except Maeor Jacob Bower, who wose apointed on 
the 3 of January, 1784, and all the B^t of the officers on the 21 
of April, 1783, By the Beturns delivered to me. 

Lt of Berks County. 

Pebs. of Congress to Pbss. Dickinson, 1784. 


This day nine States being represented in Congress, Yiz*, Massa- 
ehnssetts, Bhode Island, ConDecticut, Pennsylvania, Delaware, 
Maryland, Virginia, North Csrolina and South Carolina, together 
with one member from New Hampshire and one member from New 
Jersey, The Treaty of Peace was ratified by the Unanimoos Vote 
of the members present* 

* Bee Col Reo., V«L XIY., p. 11-19. 


This b«ing done, Congress, bj an unanimons Vote, ordered m 
Proclamation to be issued, enjoining the strict and faithfal obfierr- 
anoe thereof; and issued an earnest recommendation to the aeveral 
States in the very words of the 5th Article — ^The Secretary ia 
directed to forward authenticated Copies of those Acts as soon as 
possible to the Executives of the several States. 

As Mr. Morris proposes to sett off for Philadelphia on Friday, 
he will give your Excellency the fullest Information on the seveind 
Points which have been agitated in Congress since they met here. 
I am with the greatest Respect 

your Excellency's obed. hie. servant, 


Annapolis, 14th Jan'y, 1781. 

His Excellency; President Dickinson, Philadelphia. 
• T. Mifttin. 

Resolution of Congress, 1784. 

To the Claimants of the private right of Soil within the territory 
westward of the Delaware, heretofore in controversy between the 
States of Connecticut and Pennsylvania, and adjudged by the 
sentence of a Court constituted and appointed agiteably to the ninth 
of the Articles of Confederation and perpetual union, to be within 
the jurisdiction of the State of Pennsylvania ; it is hereby made 

That sundry Individuals claiming private right of Soil under the 
State of Connecticut, within the said territory, have made appUca- 
tion to Confess, stating that they have been disturbed in their said 
right of Soil by others claiming under the State of Pennsylvania, 
and praying for the institution of a Court for determining the said 
private right of Soil, in pursu^incc of .the ninth article of Confedera- 
tion ; and that the fourth Monday'*' in June next, is assigned for the 
appearance of the parties by their Lawful agents before Congress, or 
a Committee^^f the States, wheresoever they shall be then sitting to 
proceed in the premises as by the Confederation is directed. 
By order of Congress. 


Annapolis, 26th of January, 1784. 
Indorsed^ — 1784, January 26. Resolution of Congress. instituting 

a new trial for the private right of soil. — Wyoming lands. 

. * See Col. BcQ,, Vol. XIV., p. 81. 


Rbbolution^of General Aessmblt, 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania, 

In General Assembly, 

Saturday, January 24, 1784. 
Qd motion, 

Ordered, That Mr. Speaker, by letter, request information from 
ibe Supreme Executive Council, respecting the allotment of Es ates 
appropriated to the use of the University. 

Extract from the minutes, 

J. SHALLUS, Asst. Clerk 

of the General Assembly.* 

Spkabier 09 Assembly to P&es. Dickinson, 1784. 

Assembly Chamber, January 26th, 1784. 

Agreeable to a vote of the Honorable, the House of AssembW, a 
eopy whereof is inclosed, I must request the information therein 
mentioned, in order that the same may be laid before the Generol 

I am. Sir, with real respect, 

your most obedient Servant, 

GEOEIGE GRAY, Speaker.f 
IHrecUdf 'His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esquire, President 

Pres. Dickinson to Mons. Cbbvboeub, 1784. 

In Council, Januanr. 1784. 
. We have received the Letter yon honored us with, and very 

KMlj aeknowledge the polite & obliging Manner in which the 
nvnioations it contains have been made to us. 
Befog perfectly sensible of the great goodness of his most Chria- 
tiui Majesty, & the happy consequences that may be derived from' 
hii generoQB Intentions, we have laid the Information you have been 
pkaaed to give, before The General Assembly who are now sitting. 
With the most respectful Consideration, 

I am Sir, your most obedient 

& very humble Servant, 

Aianedy Jan'y 27, 1784. M' de Creveceur, New Tork. 

♦ See CoL Roc., VoL XIV., p. 26. \ Jh. J lb., p. 12. 


Besolutions of General Assembly, 1T84. 

State of Pennsjlvaniai 

In Qeneral Assembly. 

Thursday, January 29, 1784. 
The eommittee to whom the Messages of the 19** and 21** instant^* 
were idfenredi made report in part, which was read, and on motion^ 
and by special order, the same was read the second time, debated bj 
paragraphs, and in part adopted, as follows, vis : 

1^. That it appears the government of our sister State of Connee- 
tioui, has not been duly informed of the intentions and aets of this 
Commonwealth, respecting the settlers at Wyoming, whereupon 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the President or Vice 
President in Council to furnish the Governor and Assembly of the 
State of Connecticut with the proceedings of the Council and Assem- 
bly of this Commonwealth, respecting &e settlers at Wyoming since 
the judgment at Trenton. 

Extract from the Minutes, 
% J. SHALLUS, Ass* Clerk 

of the General Aasembly. 

Deik)SITION Martin Tidd, 1784. 

North' County, ss. 

Personally appeared before me the Subscriber one pf the Justxoes 
of the peace for s' County, Martin Tidd and made oath as follows : 

About the eighth instant when the Committee of the Assembly 
was at thi^place inquiring into the Charges set forth in a Petition 
from the people at Wyoming against the Proceedings of the Civil 
and Millitary officers, I heard Colo. Strowd, one of we Oommittee, 
tell Edward Spencer that all the people settling under Oonnoetkmft 
claims were fools for takingr Leases from the Pennsylvania Laadiiot 
ders, as that was relinquishing their claims, that those that bad ttoi 
taken Leases should hold their possessions atid not give it 1^ anv 
means. The Pennsylvania Landholders may try to atarrn yon with 
Ejectments but says he (Col. Strowd) they cannot brine anjy Ejeol? 
ments against you or dispossess you on any terms untill you have a 
Continental Court call'd for the trial of th« rijght of Soil, Edward 
Spencer said he was afraid they (meaning the Connecticut Claim- 
ants) would not obtain that Court. What, says Colonel Strowd do 
you think I don't know better who helpM to make h re^Mal tha 
Laws of this State ? Yes you will have a tryal and no one can 

♦ See CoL Rec., VoL XIV., p. 11, 16. 


dispoBsem yon nntiH that happens and says (Ool. Strowd) that court 
cannot be call'd for this long time, joa may therefore continue in 
ponemon of this Oountey, as yqu can neither be injured or dispos- 
aened. And further the deponent saith not* 

Sworn ft Subscribed before me, 
Jany 80«*, 1784. 

Coppy J. Moore. 

J. MooKB TO Fbes. Dickinson, 1784. 


The Snow is so deep in this Country that our Communication 
with the City has been totaly stop'd this sometime. Lieut. Arm- 
■tfong ia BOW willing to attempt the jourDey. Should he be able to 
perform it, he will deliver your Ezcellenoy this Letter with the 
aeferal Incloanres, he is also charged with my accounts, which he 
will lay before M' Nicholson for settlement : as Lieut Armstrong 
goes to Philad* on Public Business, he wishes to know if he can* 
not obtain Pay for his ezpenoes. 

In my accounts I haye charged the State with 22 Commissions, 
OD all the moneys I have Laid out, deducting moy Months Pay and 
Snbaistence, which I trust your Excellency & Councill will not dis- 
mpprove ; it is a small compensation for the trouble I have had ; 
wood is now the only article of expence I shall be exposed to during 
the Winter, — the severity of the weather, will require 200 cord, 
thai quantity is already cut and sent up by the troops, but so remote 
from the Garrison, that I am oblidged to allow four sbillings a cord 
for cartage. Inclosed your Excellency will find a Coppy of Martin 
Tiddaf deposition, respecting the oppinion and advice of Col" Strowd 
to those people. When here on the Committee, — this testimony is 
corroborated daily by Information from the Peu* Settlers. Since 
the Committee left this, those who had relinquished their Claims in 
fiivonr of the Pen* Landholders, are now attempting to regain pos- 
session — others who had engaged to deliver Quiet Possession in the 
Spring have determined otherwise, — and from what I can learn, every 
Person who baa tha least Pretentions to lands in this Country under 
the Connecticut claim, are expected with all their Connections in 
the Spring. Many of the Pen* Settlers who has some time ago 
obtained Poaaession by consent, are now forbid cutting fire wo »d on 
their Land, these and many other Reasons wbich L* Armstrong will 
•be able to Inform you. Point out the necessity of Continuing a Mil- 
itary foroe in this place ; should the Garrison be Dismissed in the 

♦ See Col. Reo., Vol. XIV., p. 82. 
t See page IVtt. 



Present Sitoation of affiiirs^ dangerouB oonseqneiioM axe io bo 

Should Major Ohristie bo in Philadelphil^ lieni Armairong will 
return Immediately to this place, but should 1/ Armstrong tai 
Major Cbuster out of town^ I have directed him to wait on Council 
for the two months pay agreeably, to the Inclosed Muster & Pay 

I am with the Highest Sentiments of Esteem 

Your Excellencys most Obd. Servi., 

Directedy—'FoH Dickinson, FeVy 1, 1784. 
Indorsed^ — His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq'. 
February 6% 1784. fVom Major Moore. Kead &' approved. 


Philadelphia, Feb'y 2, 1784. 

In oomplying with the Resolution of your Honorable Houae of 
the 29th Ult,"*" It becomes necessary that Council be funiished witfa 
the following papers, viz., The Report of the CommisttOO^B sent to 
Wyoming '^ to effect a compromise with the settlers at that place & 
^' the owners of the Wyoming lands." 

The Report of the Northampton members delegated '.' to eiiqnire 
'^into the charges exhibited in a petition from a number < qf tb^ 
Inhabitants of Wyoming," & the proceedings of the Honsq upon it 
I am sir 

your most obed. servant, 


The Honorable George Gray, Esq., Speaker of the Oeaefal 

Memorial of Timothy Matlace, 1784. 

To the Representatives of the Freemen of the Commonwealti)i of 

Pennsylvania in General Assembly met. 
The Memorial and remonstrance of Timothy Matlack of the city of 
Philadelphu, Sheweth, 
That by the printed Journals of this Honorable house it appean 
that, on the 5th day of March last,f the house passed a vote of 
censure against him, on a report of a '< Committee appointed to 
'' confer with the Comptroller General, on the subject of his letter 
" dated December 8, 1782, and, also, to examine the laws respecting 

* Seo page 196. 

t See Vol. IX., p. 762. 


the daties of the Secretary of the Supreme Executive Connoil. A 
letter and report the contents of which have not been made known 
to joor remooBtranti either by this honorable hooflei or by any 
eommittee of the hooee; neither has he ever received any notice 
whatever to i^pear and answer to any charge upon which that 
oenanre ean posubly be founded ; and thus a heavy and exceedingly 
grievoQa censure has been passed upon him for a supposed neglect, 
Bot only without due enquiry and an open fair trial by his peersi 
bat even without any specitic charge made against him, or even the 
shadow of s trial of any kind. A proceeding unheard of in any 
free country I 

Your remonstrant conceives it to be a fundamental and declared 
right of every citizen of Pennsylvania, upon every charge against 
him to be heard by himself and hb council, to demand the cause 
and nature of his accusation, to bo confronted with the witnesses, to 
eall for evidence in his favour, and a speedy public trial by an 
impartial jury of his country, witbont the unanimous consent of 
which jury he cannot be found guilty. That he is entitled to all 
the rights of a Citiien, not only by the adventitious circumstances 
of birUi and residence ; but by an active, early, decisive and uniform 
opposition, thro' every danger and difficulty, to that system of 
tyranny which had been set up against the rights and liberties of 
the good people of America, and a full exertion of his utmost 
endeavours to obtain the independence of these United States, and 
the establishment of our free constitution. He engaged in this 
eanse the next day after the news of the battle of Lexington, and 
he' continued in office until the day next after the news of the 
preliminary articles of peace being signed, j 

His services were always moat freely offered in times of the 
greatest difficulties and dangers, when some others retired in despair; 
Me has not only staked his life on the success of America, and 
repeatedly met the enemy in the field \ but he has also, seen the 
blood of a brother and of a beloved son shed in her sacred cause, 
and he thinks that the man who has paid such a price for his civil 
rights, and will part with them but with the last drop of- his own 
blood, and the last gasp of life, is not only <' unworthy of public 
<< trust and confidence,'^ but is utterly unworthy to breathe the 
▼ital air; and if there be a member of this honorable house who has 
paid an equal price for them, to his heart your remonstrant appeals 
for the justice of the sentiment. 

These rights, purchased at this price by your remonstrant, he 
conceives has been violated by this honorahle house, and it is a duty 
which he owes to the memory of his son, to himself, his family and 
country thus solemnly to remonstrate against the proceedings of the 

Had this honorable house called on your remouRtrant to answer 
to an explicit and specified charge at the bar of the house, ho might 
well have quettionedp and most certainly M^iould have €[ue«tioued 


their authority in the case, the 9th seotion of the eonstitiitioQ 
ezpresslj oonfining it to impeachment only. Had he been legally 
called to answer at any bar, the charges against him would certainly 
have been specified ; but the house have not either by themselves or 
their committee communicated to him the particular supposed fact 
on which the charge against him is founded, or the evidence on 
which it has been ascertained to them. His imagination can only 
furnish him with two, upon which he can conceive it is possible that 
such a charge can be pretended to be founded. One is, a report 
said to be propagated by the honorable Frederick A. Mnhlenbnrg, 
Esqr., that he had paid into the hands of the Secretary money 
which was not credited in his accounts. If such a report has been 
propagated and acted upon, your remonstrant can only say, it %$ noi 
<riM, and call, as he is legally entitled to do, for the evidence of the 
fact, and to be confronted with the witnesses. The other relates to 
monies paid to him by some of the Prothonotaries of counties— If 
this be the charge, he could have shewn, that, by law, it is expressly 
the duty of Prothonotaries to render to the committee appointed hy 
(General Assembly to settle the public accounts, an account of the 
monies received by them, and, therefore, that your remonstrant 
could ^ot consider the money he received from them as making a 
part of the accounts he was bound by lawy to keep and render ; yet 
the accounts rendered by bim into the Comptroller General's office 
on the 17th of March last, only twelve dat/s after the said retoivey 
and within (he time limited in the writ issued under the order of 
this hotue, does actually contain a faithful account of all monies 
received by him from those Prothonotaries. It appears by the 
Comptroller Generals report, on those accounts, to the President 
and Council, that he had ''compared them" with the monies 
" charged to him (the Sec'y,) by the Clerks and others, so far as 
" their several accounts have been rendered which correspond, except 
*' some trivial difForcnces arising from variation in calculating the 
" depreciation, &c., and where those accounts have not been rendered^ 
'< it appears from the state Treasurers accounta and other circnm- 
*' stances, very improbable that any of the monies paid by them are 
^Uherein omitted," 

Your remonstrant cannot suppose, that so severe a censure could 
have been, by men '' worthy of public trust and confidence," 
founded on such slight ground ; he is therefore left at a loss even to 
guess on what just ground he has been so censured. 

The fact, or facts, alluded to in the said vote remaining unknown, 
and the term defaulter^ .made use of therein, every ono has been 
left at liberty to adopt whatever his imagination might suggest, and^ 
in consequence, many strange and injurious falsehoods have been 
invented and spread abroad concerning your remonstrant. Among 
other stories it has been said, that your memorialist has traded on 
public moneys, and that he has nindo very lar^e purchases of lands 
and other real estates^ and these stories are supposed to have taken 


their rise with aome member, or members, of tbis honorable houMy 
whereby they may have gained a more ready belief, and greatly 
tend to prejudioe the minds of his fellow citizens against yoor 
remonstrant, and may possibly even affect the questions of right to 
be determined reepeoting his claims. It is therefore his duty to 
declare, that aliho' he believes when his accounts as Secretary are 
justly and equitably settled, there will be found a considerable 
ballanee doe to him, and that he had a right to have traded had he 
ihooght it advantageous to him so to do, yet, he has not during hu 
oontinuanoe in office, been concerned in the exportation or importa* 
tion, purchase or sale of merchandise of any kind, directly or in* 
directly, other than such articles as were intended for the sole use 
of his own family. And he declares, that he has not purchased and 
paid for during that time or since, any of the confiscated estates, or 
city lotts sold by authority of the state, or any other real estate 
whatever to the amount of five pounds — And he calls on all the 
world to witness against, him if these declarations are not strictly 

In the message from the President & Council of the 21st of 
March, accompanied with the Comptroller Generals report on the 
Secretary's accounts, they <^ presume the question of right may be 
** determined in the manner proposed bt/ the Secretary^ which 
''appears to us, (say they,) to be reasonable/' The Committee of 
the honae speak in general terms of charges contained in the 
Secretary 's * accounts, which tbo Comptroller General '^declaret*' 
(as they say) to be altogether inadmissible and give their opinion, 
that " the most eligible mode of bringing this business to a final 
'' settlement, is for the Comptroller General to pro»ecuta the said 
" Timothy Matlack, Esq'r, in the Supreme Court in order to try 
'' the contested points by a jury ;" but, there is not in any of the 
proceedings which have been made public an account of what those 
questions of right are. These questions if your remonstrant is 
rightly informed are three. First, upon a claim set up by the 
Comptroller General, in behalf of the state, to certain fees received 
by the Secretary, which the Comptroller General, is pleased to 
say '< are not granted him by law, such as the fees of the keeper 
of the Great seal, &c., &o. The ground on which this claim on 
the part of the state is set up, your remonstrant is altogether 
a stranger to : Ho has performed the duties and he conceives 
is entiiled to the fees declared by law to be a reasonable and 
adequate compensation for the service. Secondly, whether the 
state, or the parties arc to pay for militia commissions. On this 
your remonstrant observes, that the rule in other like cases is, that 
where the office is lucrative the party pays for the commission, but 
where it is noWlucrativo it is charged to the public : Thus a Sheriff 
pays for his commission ; but that of a Coroner may be charged^ to 
the county. Hence your remonstrant inferred, that a Commission 
to a militia officer ought not to be o'l irged to the party. If he is 


nifltalcen in this inferencoi it is an error which openttM in fkvonr of 
the best friends of the revolution; whereas the ooDtrary mnsl 
operate against them. He conceives this question, in other wordsi 
to be, Whether or not the Whigs should at once perform the greal| 
important & hasardous duties of militia during the war, and praff 
for the authority derived from the state to perform those duties : 
while those of a contrary character remain exempt from the personal 
service & at the same time avoid their part of the ezpenee ? Upon 
this question let a whig jury determine. And^ thirdly, the question 
relates only to the time tohen the Secretary is bound to give up hia 
former salary and his fees, and recdve in lieu thereof the salary 
lately fixed. This question, to a certain time has been decided, bj 
the Attorney General and tlie General Assembly, that the Secretary 
may take either the former or latter at his own- choice, and the 
question at present relates to a few months only. Should yoor 
remonstrant think it proper to give up this point, in t>rder to gain 
a more speedv decision on the other point, the good people of the 
state, when these accounts are settled will be enabled to judee, how 
far they are indebted to the Comptroller General for raising the 
question, by the sum which the state will have gained by it If 
there is any other question on those accounts it is unknown to your 

However reasonable and legally your remonstrant might have 
refused to submit to a trial of those questions of right, ordered in 
euch terms in to unusual a manner he, for the sake of '^ a speedy ft 
public trial," waved every objection thereto, and urged in the most 
earaest manner, and by every means in his- power, to obtiun a 
decision at the last Supream Court, and shall earnestly pray for it 
during the present sitting of that Court ; but he being informed 
that this honorable house are about to close their Session, he 
conceives it to be his duty now to present this memorial ft remon* 
strance, and, as it lis not in the power of the house to do him thai 
justice and afford him that redress to which he is justly entitled, he 
only prays that the same may be entered on the Journals of the 
house in order that he may hereafter make such further appeal as 
the nature of his case may appear to require. 

James Wilson and Wm. Bradford to Assembly, 1784. 

Philadelphia, Feb^ 4, 1784. 

The Counsel retained to conduct the oouse between the Common- 
wealth and Timothy Matlaok, Esq', amicably entered in the Supreme 
Court agreeably to the Resolution of the Honorable the General 
Assembly of Pennsylvania, beg leave to report. That they find it 

f There is neither date nor signatnre to the foregoing paper in T. M's 
handwriting, though it alluies to transaetious on p. 7C2 of VoL IX., &«. 


impossible to oanry the said Resolation into effect so as to do JosUo^ 
to the Commonwealth. 

The Justices of the Supreme Court very properly require that tha 
Issue to bo tried before them be formally joined and so framed that 
Judgment may be given on the verdict of the Jury. To effect this 
a Declaration and an Issueable plea became necessary. By the 
written pi^per whioh we have the Honor to inclose it will appear that 
it was mutually understood that the declaration should contain a 
general count for monies had and received by the Defendant to the 
use of Commonwealth and that Issue should be joined thereon ; under 
which the controverted points should be determined and the balance 

We are sorry to add that the Defendant now refuses to join issue 
or to enter any plea unless we reduce the sum contained in th9 
Declaration, which is not greater than what appears to have been 
received by the Defendant as Secretary of the Council & for whicb 
it has been conceived he ought to account. 

As wo are thus prevented from proceeding in the Line proposed 
we have no expectation that the Resolution of your Honorable 
House can be carried into effectual execution. And we are of opinion 
that the balance of the Defendants accounts can only be adjusted by 
the Comptroller Oeneral's proceeding to the Exeoution of the powers 
vest d in him or by an adversary suit being commenced against M' 
Matlack for the sum supposed to be due. 

We wait the advice and instruction of the Honorable H«iue on 
this subject & have the 

Honor to be Sir, 

Your most obedient, 

& very Humble servant, 


The Honorable George Gray, Esq.^ Speaker, &o.; Philadelphia. 

Bbsolution of Gbkbbal Assbmblt, 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania, In General Assembly. 

Saturday, February 7, 1784, A. M. 
The report of the committee read February 3, on the petition of 
Richard Wallace, Esquire, was read the second time, whereupon 

Resolved, That the president or vice-president in Council, be 
empowered to 'draw on the naval, officer of this state for the sum of 
four hundred and nineteen pounds eleven shillings ten pence 'half- 
penny specie; in favor of Riehard Wallacoi Esquire) oufeol \»Vi^\Mi^s»w^ 


remaining in the hands of the said naval offieer, any thing in the 
resolutions of the twenty-second day of September last to the oon- 
trary notwithstanding. 

Extract from the Minutes^ 

J. 6HALLUS, AsB^ Clerk, 
of the General Assemblj.* 

Besolution of Gbkbbal Assembly, 1784. 

State of Pennsylyania, In General Assembly. 

Monday, February 16, 1784, A. M. 
Resolved, That one hundred and fifty pounds be granted to the 
Philosophical society, for the purpose of encouraging agriculture and 
commerce, by enabling that learned body to obtain such disooverica 
as have been made in Europe and other countries. 
Extract from the Minutes, 

Clerk of the General Assembly. f 

Pbbs. Dickinson to Delegatjss in Conqbebs, 1784. 

In Council, February 16ih, 1784. 

We haye received your several communications of 
& , and have a just sense of your attention to the trust 

reposed in you. Inclosed are some Resolves of the General Assembly 
of Utht of this Month. 

The attempts of Connecticut ^re very extraordinary, and are to be 
opposed with the most persevering vigilance. We wish you by all 
means to prevent any step being taken by Congress, that may in the 
smallest degree lead towards a revision of the cause determined bj 
the Court at Trenton. That business is complicated with suoh a 
variety of consiJeration & circumstances, arising from a Multiplicity 
of sources, that it isjincapable of being properly managed, without 
diligent & long continued study & application to it. 

Mr. Wilson by his professional knowledge & laborious preparation 
for the late trial between this state & Connecticut, has acquired a 
thorough acquaiotanco with the whole transactions preceding your 
appointment. To you, gentlemen, the subsequent are well known. 
He is now nominated a delegate, & will join you as soon as pos- 
sible. With the mutual information & assistance which you will 
give each other, we do not question, but the designs of our opponents 
will be properly encountered. 

♦ See Col. Rec. Vol. XIV., p. 32, 33. 
t See Col. Rec, XIV., p. 51. 
X Not foand. See pages 194, 196. 


We shall bo obliged to you if yon will by an early opportnnity 
send OS a oopj of any RemonstranoO; addresS; or petition of Zebulon 
Batler & his associate to Congress. 
lam sin. 

Your most Obed. Servant, 

Direeiedf The Honorable the Delegates of Pennsylvania.* 

Prbs. Dickinson to Gov. Clinton, 1784. 

In Council, February 16th, 1784. 

This Letter will be delivered to your Excellency by the Honora- 
ble Mr. Wilson, one of our Delegates and agent in the Controversy 
for the Territory of whfch the Jurisdiction & Preemption were in 
December, 1782, adjudged unanimously by the Court at Trenton to 
be the Right of this Commonwealth. 

We flattered ourselves, that so trucly respectable a Determination 
would have put an end to all Contests, & that the affair would have 
given us no further Trouble than to settle private Claims of soil 
upon equitable Terms, which this State was resolved to do. But 
with Segret we find that the Dispute is reviving in a Variety of 
forms ; and it becomes our Duty to be prepared in the best manner 
we can, for opposing attempts that threaten the Honor, the Peace ft 
tiie well&re of Pennsvlvania. 

We therefore beg leave to request & shall with just acknowledge- 
ments receive any assistance which your State can afford to Mr. 
Wilson by access to your Records & other Sources of Information. 

Another point of Importance is suggested to us by a Considera- 
Ifioo of our mutual Interest ; and we shall freely mention it, be- 
cause we repose a very high and particular Confidence in the 
Rectitude, Prudence & Liberality of the Councils, by which the 
Conduct of our Sister State of New Fork will be governed. 

It is to be apprehended that if a spirit of Jealousy is suffered to 
•rise between the two States, their Measures may be reciprocally 
injurious. Oar Judgement ft Inclination point out to us a systenv 
totally different. It is our earnest wish, and shall be our diligent 
BndeavouTS that they may ever cordially harmonize in their Com- 
mercial Regulations. 

with real and very great esteem, 
I have the Honor to be, 

your Excellency's most obedient ft Hble. Sertt. 

Direcferf,— Philadelphia, February 16th, 1784. 

His Excellency George Clinton, Esquire. Qoyemor of the State of 
New York. 

♦ Col. Rec., VoL XIV, p. 8ft \\b. 


MiNUTB OF Gbnbbal Assbmblt, 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania, In General. Assembly 

Thursdaj February 19, 1784, A. M. 
Agreeably to tbe order of the day the House proceeded to the 
election of auctioneers for the city of Philadelphia, the Northern 
Liberties and tbe district of South wark, when the ballots being 
taken it appeared that Arthur St Clair Esquire, was duly elected 
Auctioneer for the city of Philadelphia, Alexander Boyd for the 
Northern Liberties and John Mease for the district of Sonthwark. 
Extract from the minutes, 

J. SHALLUS, Asst. Clerk 

of the General Assembly.* 

Prbs. of Oongbbss to Prbs. Dickinson, 1784. 


I think it a duty I owe to the office I am honored with, aa well 
88 to the Union, to inform your Excellency and thro' you the 
State over which you preside ; that the great business of the United 
States is at a stand, for want of a Representation agreeable to the 
Articles of Confederation. The Journal transmitted by the Secre- 
tary to your Excellency and which contains the proceedings ofr 
Congress, and an account of the States and members present from 
the first monday of November last to this day, will convince your 
Excellency of the State of inactivity to which the affairs of the 
United States are reduced for want of a full Representation. 

At this jnoment, there are many matters of the highest impor- 
tance to the safety, honour and happiness of the United States which 
require immediate attention. Among these 1 need only mentioa. 
the establishing a general peace with the Indians, and settling the 
western territory, the arranging our foreign affairs and tuinc 
ineasures for securing our frontiers, preserving our stores and 
magazines'^ making requisitions for the expences of the ourreut 
year and for satisfying the public Creditors. 

X have only to add, that by the sickness of some of the members 
attending at Annapolis, we have had seven States represented in 
Coufn'ess onli/ three days since the Sixth Inst., as your Excellenoy 
will observe by the enclosed certificate of the Secretary and that 
the members present are dissatisfied with attending to no purpose^ 
and are very impatient under their situation. 
I am with the greatest Respect, 

your Excellency's most Obedient & humble Servant 


Annapolis, 20th February, 1784. 

• C^L Bee., Vol. XIV. p. 88, and 210 of this Vol. 


States not representated. 

New Hampshire, One Delegate present. 
New York. 

New Jcrseji ' One Delegate present. 

Delaware, One Delegate present. 

Maryland} One Delegate attend'g, one sick. 

No. Carolina^ One Delegate attend'g, one aiok. 

A Letter similar to the above was written to the Executives of 
the States not represented. 

T. M. 
Saturday February 7ihy only five States attended. 
Mon<lay February 9th, only six. 

Tuesday k Wednesday lOth/and 11th seven States attended. 
Thursday February 12, only five States attended. 
Friday February 13th, seven States attended, 
Honday Feby 16th, only fiVb. 
Tuesday Feby. 17th, 

Wednesday Feby, 18th, 
Thursday Feby. 19th, 
Friday Feby. 20th, 
Saturday Feby. 21st, 

Only six States, atttended. 

The States unrepresented, are Now Hampshire, New York, New 
Joisey, Delaware, and Maryland, North Carolina and Georgia. 
21 Feby. 1784. 

Indorted—RBod. 26 Feby. 1784. 

His Excellency, President Dickinson, Philadelphia. 
T. Mifflin. 

Fres. Dickinson to Major Jamss Moorb, 1784. 

In Council, February 21»S 1784. -^ 

Having conferred with Alexander Patterson & David Meade, 
Esquires & Captain Armstrong, conoerning the Behaviour of the 
Settlers at Wioming not claiming under this State. We think it 
proper to observe, that a very vigilant attention must be had to the 
Conduct of that People, and every Measure taken to guard against 
any hostile Enterprises. 

At the same time, it is the Intention k Deshre of Government 

* Col, Bee.' YoL, XIV. p. 48. 


that if thej behave peaceably & inofiennvely, they are to be in all 
Bespeots treated kindly, as persons whom we wish to become afGbo- 
tionate & faithful GitizcDs of this Oommonwealth. 
I am Sir, 
^ with great & sincere Esteem, 

yoar most obed. hble Servt., 

Directed J Major James Moore, at Wioming. 


In Council, Febmary 2h\ 1784. 
Gentlemen, ^ 

Having conferred with two of you concerning the Behaviour of 
the Settlers at Wioming not claiming under this State, We judge it 
proper to observe, that as it is the Duty of persons in such offices as 
you hold, to render justice to all perfions without Distinction as fax 
as your Authority extends, and to preserve the Peace, the peculiar 
Situation of affairs in your neighborhood requires a particular atten- 
tion to the Conduct of those who are disaffected to Pennsylvania, 
and that the earliest Intelligence should be communicated to ut of 
any proceeding that threatens Injury to the Commonwealth. 

But, if the said Settlers behave peaceably and inoffensively, it is 
the Intention & Desire of Qovemment, that they should be in all 
Bespects treated with kindness, as persons whom we wish to become 
affectionate and faithful Citizens of Pennsylvania, 
lam - 

with great Begard, gentlemen, 

your most obed* hble Serv^, 

Directed, — Alexander Patterson, David Meade, John Seely & Heoiy 
Shoemaker, Esquires. 

OnAS. Pbttit to Prbs. Dickinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia, 23< February, 1784. 

By the Desire of the Committee of Merchants of Philadelphia, I 
take the Liberty of inclosing to your Excellency their Memonal* of 
the 21>* Instant. 

I have the Honor to be, very respectfully. 

Your Excellency's most obedient 
and most humble Servant, 

Directed^ Hb Excellency The President of Pennsylvania. 

* Memorial not found. Seo page 210. 
t See Col. Reo., VoL XIY., p. 89. 


Col. Jameb Chetstib to Pus. Dickinson, 1784. 

Phila., Feb. 23, 1784. 

I im ordered by Major Moore Gomniaiid'g at Fort Dickinson to 
spplj to th^ Honorable the Supreme Executive Ooundl for some 
money on account, for the discharge of debts necessarily contracted 
for the use of the F»rt.* For the laying in of one hundred Cords of 
Wood — for the payment of intrenching Tools & haulin necessary fw 
the lepairing ot Uie works. One hundred pounds will answer for 
the present. 

I have the honour to be 

Sir, your Excellency's 

most obedient Servant^ 

His Exoellenoy John Dickinson, Esq', President of Pennsylvania. 


State of Pennsylvania, 
In General Assembly. 

Tuesday, February 24, 1784. A. M. 
The house having agreed to reconsider their minute of the ninot 
teenUit day of this instant February, relative to the appointment of 
Aootaooeers, It was moved and seconded to add the following 
resolution, viz : 

Besolved, That the said Arthur S^ Clair, Alexander Boyd, and 
John Mease, be and they are hereby severally appointed Auction^ 
ears, vix : Arthur S^ Clair for the City of Philadelphia, Alexander 
Boyd for the Northern Liberties and John Meaae for the district of 

Whereupon the Yeas and Nays were called by M' Whitehill and 
M' Glymer, and are as follows, vix : 
reaa29. Nays 28. 

So it was carried in the affirmative and the resolution adopted. • 
Extract from the Minutes, 

PETEE Z. LLOYD, Clerk of the 

General Assembly.^ 

♦ See Col. Rec, VoL XIV., p. 41. (At Wyoming.) 
t See page 206. ^ J Col. Eeo., Vol XIV., p. 88, 42. 



In Council, Feb. 24% 1784. 

We inclose a Resolution of the General Asaemblj, by which the 
l^ood Faith, Humanity & Generosity of that Honorable ^Body appear 
in a very dear Light. 

We are informed, that some of the persons herein proyided for 
& who have relinquished all Right whatever under Gonneeticnt, 
signed the Address to Congress for a Court to try the private Right 
of soil. 

I am gent'n, 

y most Ob. Ser., 


P. 8. We shall be obliged to you, if you will be so good as to 
send us the Journals of Congress for 1779, 1780, 1781, 1782, & 

The Honorable The Delegates in Congress. 

Pbes. Dickinson to Committee of Merchants, 1784. 

In Council, February 24% 1784. 

We have this Day received your Memorial of the 21"' Instant;* 
and it is with great Satisfaction we can assure you, that the Interest 
of so respectable a Part of our Constituents as the Merchants of 
Philadelphia, with which those of the whole State are so intimately 
combined, engaged our early & diligent attention. 

At the first Session of the Geneiul Assembly after intelligence of 
the provisional articles of Peace, we represented to that Honorable 
Body the propriety of clearing the Passage of the River by removing 
the Chevaux de Frixe, and informed them, that we had directed pro- 
posals to be received. They approved the Measure, & in Consequence 
of their acts wc have made some preparations which have been con- 
ducted by the Wardens of the Port, for effecting the Business. 

We are perfectly sensible of the Importance & Difficulty of this 
undertaking. No proposals that have been made, are satisfactory. 
We wish to accomplish the work as soon as we can, and to be so 
well advised in our attempts, as not to put the State to an improper 
Expence. We shall therefore be exceedingly obliged to the Mer- 
chants of this City, if they will be pleased to mention to us the 
further preparations which they judge to be necessary, to recommend 

* See page 208, and answer, 212. 


jpenoDB for makiog the proper EzperimeDts, & to favour us with 
"their SentimeDts as to the Measures for the further Improvement of 
the Naviffatioii of the Broad Bay. 
With real & great* Esteem 

I have the Honor to he, gentlemen, 

your most oi^dient bble Serv*, 

Directed,— The Committee of The Merchants of Philadelphia. 

Ssc't Armstronq to Michabl Huffnaqle, 1784. 

Secretary's Office, Feb'y 27th, 1784. 

The return of an election for Justioes of the peace, held at Pitts- 
hnrffh oo the 13th day of August last, was this morning reconsidered 
in Gonncily & upon a review of the whole it was determined that 
another Election for an additional magistrate be held at that phioe 
as soon as possible. It is the wish of Council that you will be 
pleased to make the laws concerning Elections as public as you can 
—this may best be done by issuing a written notice appointing the 
day for such Election, & describing the qualifications necessary for 
the VoteTf as well as the person voted /or. This precaution will pre- 
vent much of the inconsistency which has hitherto marked this busi- 
neis, & enable Council to come to some safe decision. 
I am Sir, 

with much respect, 

your most obed* servant, 


Michael Huffnagle, Esqr., Prothonotary of County of Westmore- 

Sbc'y Abmstrono to Henry Wynkoop, 1784. 

Surveyor's Office, 5th March, 1784. 
Sir, ^ • ' ' 

I have the directions of Council to inform you that there is no 
provision by Law for the purpose of filling up those vacancies in the 
magistracy, which have happened in consequence of the constitu- 
tional expiration of said office; application has been made to the 
House upon this subject, and some provisionary law, it is to be sup- 
posed, will be made, when some future return from the County of 
JBooka will be taken up and acted upon. 

I am Sir, with the greatest respect, 

your most obedient humble servant, 

JOHN ARMSTRONG, jr., Seo'y. - 
Dtredec^Henry Wynkoop, Esq., Bucks County. 



Philadelphia, Maich 6, 1784. 


We hare had the Honor to receive ihe Commniiication of Council 
on the Subject of cor Memorial of the 2l8t of Febitiary,* and are 
happy to find it had so early engaged their particolar Attention. 

The Removal of the obstructions in the River is indeed an Objeet 
of great Importance to the Trade of this Port ; for exdnaiTe of fre- 
quent and heavy Losses by accidents which they occasion, the Delay 
they give to Veasels in their passage to and from the City, is in 
itself a heavy Tax on Navigable Concerns. We presume not, how- 
ever, to offer any Plan for their Removal, nor any Opinion respectip^ 
the mode to be pursued in effecting the Business. Our view in 
addressing Council was merely to present the Subject to their Oon.- 
Bideration as an object requiring early preparation no leas tlian 
▼igorous Exertion. But if Council shall deem onr Aasistanoe in 
any Degree necessary, we shall consider it as onr Duty to give all the 
ud in our Power with the utmost alacrity. 

From the precarious Circumstances of Trade during the War, ani 
the alterations which have taken Place in our Police m Conaequenoe 
of the Revolution, many useful Regulations heretofore eatablished 
have fallen into disuse, or are become inadequate to our nresent 
Situation, whereby the Commerce of the State has snfflerea & ia 
likely to suffer much Inconvenience & real Injury. These Ginmm* 
stances were suggested, amongst others, in a memorial we had the 
Honor to present to the General Assembly early in the present 
Session. How far they may have engaged the Attention of the 
honorable House, we are not yet informed. But under the Laws 
now subsisting we apprehend it may be in the Power of the ConncSi 
to remedy these Incbnveniencies in some Particulars ; such aa the 
Inspection of Beef & Pork & of Staves and other Lumber, & the 
measurement of Salt & Grain. As these are Objects of considerable 
Importance, we cannot but hope they will obtain the favourable 
Attention of your hon^*' Board, & that the best Regulations & 
arrangements which the existing Laws admit will be maae oonoem- 
ing tbem. ^ « 

We have the Honor to be, with great Respeot 

your Excellency's most Obedient 

& most humble ServantS| 


His Excellency, the President of the Supreme Executive CounoiL 


EzEKiBL Robins to Pbes. Dickinson, 1784. 

New York, Maroh 6th, 1784. 

Agreeable to advioe have traDsmitted yon an acoonnt of Sandriea 
Sopply^ the American Prisoners, with an account of Sales of the 
Floor which was sent for that purpose — have Inclosed an Order on 
the Honb'l James Irvine, which after settlement leaves a ballanoo 
doe me of £8 18 11— N. York Correney. 
Am with Respect, 

Sir, your Humble Servant, 


His Ezeellenoy, John Dickinson, Esq., President of the State of 

Pass. Dickinson to Gov. of Connecticut, 1784. 

In Council, 

Philadelphia, March 6'', 1784. 

We have received your Excellency's Letters of the 15*^ of last 
November,* with three Acts of your Legislature oi the second Thurs- 
day of Ootobe»preceding,f which we laid before our General Assem- 
bly ; and now, in Compliance with their Resolution, transmit Copies 
of proceedings respecting the Letters at Wioming. These, together 
with this Letter, we desire your Excellency will be pleased to oom- 
munioate to the Legislature of the State of Connecticut, as soon as 
an Opportunity is offered. This Step of our Assembly proceeds from 
a Hope that your Government, upon being well informed of the sud 
proceedings, will not persist in a Conduct so extraordinary as that 
Utely adopted. Whether this Hope be well founded or not, W6 
shall enjoy the Satisfaction of having affectionately endeavoured to 
remove the prejudices of a sister State, & to prevent the Evils that 
must result from such a Revival of the late Controversy. 

The Acts above referred to, and your Excellency's Letter, contain 
two Charges Against this State ; first, of Suppression of Evidence, & 
seeondly, of Cruelty towards the Settlers of Wiomidg — in Conse- 
quence whereof, it seems, your Government resolved to obtain 
if it be practicable, a Revision of the Cause lately decided, & to 
g^ve the Settlers all the Aid and support in its power, f 

However severe these Charges are, they meet on our part with H' 
Consciousness that they are not merited. As to the former, it is so 
indefinite that we cannot imagine to what Evidence it alludes* Ai 

» Sec pp. 147, 148. t 8«« PP !!<>» ^^*'- 

Vol X. —10 


16 'M iitvr- til* tz0iy.fiei '?%z^Tt k fTTw ?:rrsoiiiii£ag Cxrvb- 

I: i« :^*t- \iA •c^v-ii: I*iVT=.:iii:a. :if ziia »3-Tv^raiiieBK to treml 

#;«ifbi »*T* rwr.=.xrr.'i*^ :t *«■. •iiiiik »r:iz.'iiiii>ns:iiiu : and we m 

wfc i S r Bw i to tkem, if it cr.^l^i Ik dcc« vrjL>?a: m Tiitesua of iIh 
Ki^bi* of Fry^ertT in t yi-il^ivuit c-f i^jguieeg, latt^w Lam^ iuri^ 

Tkifl J>iScnltj opposed ii^^lf lo t&e kb.«i l2V3=>:ii;i of GoTcni- 
m«ni, in order to rtmoTe it. C-imxiwi'ic-jrs '•!•: w-re Members of 
tk^ Jy^ipjiUf ore, were tppoinred to repair ^: W:> !=.:s^. Their Bepoii 
in at present nsiaUid ; hut it's pitce i^ VrLl ^ursLiai. Ptofonls of 
Aooonm^idAlioo vere made, bat n^c e*:ciclaKi^ Sereni Papers 
were addre^it to the Commi«ibioD<er« bj .he Cioisiaaci on cock fide. 
That from the KttU-rii at Wiomicg/dkiei i^^ ApriL* 17^3, and 
fi\^^A 00 Behalf of the rest bj John Jeukim, pa£ aa End to all 
further EzpectatioD of Compromises, k tbe Coam iMi o nm soo« after 
returned llrtrnt. 

In this Address, they an'wer what had been mentkned, of 
other Lands being granted to them bv thb S:ate, if tbej would sur- 
render after some time the L^ods at Wioming to the owners under 
Pennsylrsnia, by asking these Questions: *'Wheth» they would 
esebange k saffer us to enjoy onr peaceable pofsessious here by way 
of Compromise/' and then subjoin this Declaration-*^ We eannot, 
as we are Joint tenants with a mach greater Body of Joint Proprie- 
ton than is here, without their joint Consent, gire up our Claims 
to those Lands in Dispute." 

Upon the Report of the Commissioners, our General Assembly 
formed their Kesolutions of the second of September ; and tho* their 
" Hopes of a friendly Compromise seemed then Tsnished," yet, still 
inllaenecd by the same Equity that suggested the appointmeBt of 
the Commissioners, & to encourage the i^ettlers to assent to Terms 
oompatible with the legal Claim under PennsylTania which bnd 
oecasioned the before-mentioned Difficulty, they resolTod, that 
''a reasonable Compensation in Lands within the Boundaries of this 
8tate, upon easy Terms, be made to the Families of those who have 
fallen fighting against the Sarages, & to such others as aetnally did 
reside on the Lands at Wioming when the late Decree was given at 

The Good Faith k Liberality with which the present Assembly 
have adhered to this Engagement, will appear from the Resolutions 
of the 30** of last month, by which three hundred Acres of Land 
are granted clear of purchase Money, to each of the fifteen Settlers 
therein mentioned. 

* See pp. 30-36. 


Hence it is iDdisputable, that the ''Settlers" described in the 
Aets of the Legislature of Gonnccticut of last October, and the 
Pamiliefl of the *' Males who had been slain," were really the objects 
3f the '* Clemency" of Pennsylvania before the passing of those Acts. 

It 18 also evident from the recited Declaration of *' the Settlers" 
It Wiomiog, that they are contending for other Claims than their 
nni. Such Ideas have been successfully infused into their Minds, 
fcbat their Contest extends to the Claims of <<a much greater Body 
of Joint proprietors than is there." 

ThnSy by their own Acknowledgement, the Question does not relate 
to the persons expressly designated by your Legislature in these & 
MTeral other words — " whose sufferings & Condition under *< Penn- 

SlTftoia" have exeited the Commiseration of their Friends/' but to 
a Claims that may be made by that '' much greater Body of Joint 

To make an equitable Accommodation with the former is the 
earnest Desire & sincere Endeavour of this State ; but, to surrender 
a Taloable & important Territory to Claims inconsistent with Equity, 
iho eannot consent. 

* It is too plain what the Consequences will be, when a considerable 
Body of Men who have fixed themselves in a State in Defiance of 
her Aathority, making common Cause with ''a much greater Body" 
nriding in another State, tempting bold & needy Adventurers from 
Ofory Quarter to join them, which we averr to be their practice, and 
■editadbg hostile Enterprises against us, which we know to be their 
Design, are taught to expect from that other State (and a very 
raspeetable one) " all the aid and support in her power," see her 
Baking every Exertion to acquire for them the Jurisdiction over the 
Lands where they have fixed themselves. 

We ardently wish that the Citizens of a State united to us by so 
■any strong Ties, would be pleased to afford some further Consid- 
eration to the Arguments of the Advocates for these Measures, and 
with m serious and consciencious Attention to weigh how far such 
prooeedings are reconcileable with the Maxims of Reason and Justice, 
the Laws of Nature and Nations, the true interests of the State, the 
sniform and solemn declarations of their own Ancestors repeated in 
their le^slative and executive Acta of Government from Generation 
to Generation, without a dissenting Voice, the unanimous Determi- 
nation of the most dignified Judges chosen by themselves, upon a 
Trial long prepared for and deliberately entered into, or, in brief. 
with the Principles upon which the Peace and Kepose of Mankind 
UB established. 

Upon the late Decision, the Authority of this Commonwealth was 
Bsnfirmed ; and the Laws in their usual Course, if appealed to, could 
pmiisb, by redress, private wrong. Yet, our General Assembly, 
■pon Complaints of the settlers, again sent up Commissioners, from 
their own body, to Wioming, to make proper Enquiries upon the spot ; 
sad we have given such Instructions to those in aathority thace^ a« 


we jadge saffioieat to prevent may pretenoe for a Rspetitaon of Oom- 

If any yiolont actions have been eommitted bj Individoala, thej 
have proceeded from minds alarmed by apprehension of imminent 
Danger, or irritated by severe Injaries. We mean not to recriminate, 
bat only to recall some past events into Remembrance ; For, wa 
are assured that the Citizens of your state will not impnte any 
peculiar want oi " meroy/' to the People of this; when they tefieofe 
that the Emigrants from Connecticut seiied by violence the Lands^ 
which are now claimed, at a time too, when Pennsylvania was 
actually invaded by a formidable Enemy, *^ entered by Foxoe into 
the Possessions & Labors" of Pennsylvaniana, plundered them 
of all their property, & drove them out of that part of the Coontiy 
•—and when, they reflect, also— that at the Commencement of thoaa 
Disturbances, the Government of Pennsylvania in the moat firisndly 
and strenuous manner, cautioned Connecticut, by sending an Agent 
of Diatinction and an official Letter, against countenancing the at* 
tempt as leading, to use the words of the Letter, into an ondlesa 
scene of Trouble and Confusion," that might be very generally 
** prejudicial." 

To conclude, let the whole series of transactions, relating to the 
Intrusion upon these Lands, be impartially considered, and we are 
perfectly convinced the People of this State will be regarded as much 
more trespassed against than trespassing. Wo shall not nselesaiy 
engage in the detail, nor in any Dispute upon the anbject. Our 
nncere wishes are, that this unhappy a£fair may be closed in anoh a 
way as to cause as little Distress as possible to Individualsi and aa 
little Detriment as possible to our Commonr Country. 
With a truly great Esteem, 

I have the Honor to be, Sir, 

Tour Ezcellencys most 

obedient hble. servt, 

His Excellency the Qovemor of Connecticut. 

Hon. John MoNiaoMEBY to Pbbs. Dickinson^ 1783. 


Annapolis, 7th March, 1784. - 
I have now before me your letter of with the instrnctionaof 

General Assembly to the Delegates, though I make no Donbt bat 
the letter which his Excellency M' Mifflin has, as he just now informed 
me, written and forward' by Cap' Barney, will give satisfaction, yet 
the respect I have for the Council and Ooneral Assembly and the 
trust repoeed in me will not admitt of my being ulont. I mnat 


therefore beg leave to inform you, that the assignment of the last 
Jdondaj in June next for I he appearanoe of the parties is not to 
Consider whether a Court shall be appointed or noty^bot for the 
•etvd appointment of a Court to hear and Determine the prirate 
ligM of soil between those olaiminff by grants nnder different states 
in that tract of territory which was heretofore in ControTersy between 
Pennsyl* and Connecticut and the jurisdiction of which was by the 
Court held at Trenton adjudged to belong to Pennsyl*. 

I was not in Congress when the petition of Butler and others k 
tbo letter fW)m the Governor of Connecticut were first read, nor did 
I arrive untill the Committee to whom they had been referred had 
made report and Congress was ready to come to a decision. Upon first 
hearing the business I did not like it and was disposed to give it all 
tbo opodtion in my power especially as I perceived by a part of 
Governor Trumbuira letter that the State of Connecticut was not 
satisfied with the Judgement given and there was some expressions 
whioh seemed to intimate that they wanted it set aside and a new trial 
granted. But as the Delegates of that State disavowed such intention 
■ad moved for expunging that part of the report which referred to 
the exceptionable part of the letter and only insisted on the right of 
the petitioners^ and as that right was founded on the articles of 
osa fe d e r a tiony I acquiesced and left my oollegues who had heard 
the matter from the beginning to give the vote of the statei I was 
the earner induced to olraerve this (induct as upon examining more 
■ttentiTely the articles of Confederation I was perswaded that the 
granting the prayer of the petitioners and ordering the appointment 
of this Court was a confirmation of the Judgment of the court at 
Aenton which decided the jurisdiction^ for it appcard to me that the 
eoart to decide upon the private right of soil cou^ not to be apointed 
nor have any right to sit or act unless it was taken for granted that 
the jurisdiction was previously and finally adjudged and Determined. 
I am sensible the appointment of this court may be attended with 
inoonvenienccs. But as it is founded on the articles of confederation 
and a constitutional law of the United States, they ought to be sub- 
mitted to and I apprehend it would be very dangerous to liberty if 
tihose who have only the power of appointing a court shou' govern 
an arbitrary right of Judseing whether the suitors were intitled to 
the benefit of the Court. 1 his in my opinion only belongs to the court 
and I am persuaded the Council employed by the claimants under 
Pennsylvania will take care that none but such as have a dear right 
to be admitted to the benefit of the Court in question. 

I am glad to hear M' Wilson is appointed a Delegate and that he 
means to serve. There are many matters now coming before Congress 
which are of the greatest importance to the whole union as well as to 
every individual state. I therefore sincerely wish if he is not already 
set out on his journey that he would hasten hero as soon as possible 
and I am the more desirous of this as I should be glad of his advice 


before we take any step coDformable to the instraction given and io 
have his assistanoe if the Assembly shall oontinae to think such steps 

Be pleased to asure the Council and assembly of my most lenloiis 
services and elosest attention to the interest of the state to the utmost 
of my abilities. 

I am with great respect yonr 

Excellenoys obd< humb^ Servan*. 


Da. Hutchinson to Gen. Irwin, 1784. 

Doctor Hutchinsons compliments to Gen. Irwin and acquaints him 
that ihe Bearers of this Leonard Broom, Jonathan Trieckel, William 
Nichols & Daniel Cross, are four of those unhappy men who were 
burnt so very severely, when the accident happened at the fire works 
in Market street; D' Hutchinson applyed to Gen' Irwin at the time, 
& Council were kind enough to engage to pay their ezpences in the 
Pennsylvania Hospital, in consequence of which I> Hutchinson gbt 
one of the men who is not mentioned above admitted, but these four 
rather choose to remain in their own lodgings, they are now well bnt 
much distressed, all their cloaths were burnt, and they have been at 
expences ever since the accident. I apprehend that their remaining 
out of the Hospital can make no difierenoe to Council, and that the 
same allowanee might be made to them to enable them to pay for 
their board, as is made to pay for the person who is in the Hospital ; 
Gen' Irwin however will himself be better able to judge on the ocea- 
sion and if he thinks it can be done with propriety represent the 
matter to Council. 

Monday Morning, March S^^^ 1784. 

To Gen' Irwin. 

Beturn of Officers of thb Troop of Liqht Horsb of 
THB County of Philadelphia. 

A Beturn of the officers of the Troop of Light Horse of the County 

of Philttd*. 

David Snyder, Captain. 
Abraham Duffield, Lieutenant. 
Isaac Humphries, Cornet. 

Philad- County, March 9"^ 1784. 

W- COATS, Lieu* 0. P. 
John Armstrong, Esq', Secretary. 



BnuBN OF Offiobbs first Battalion, Philadelphia. 

^ Betam of the Offioen of ihe first Battalion of the Phila* Goantj 
militia, oommanded by Benj* M'Veagh, Eeq'. 


Bemaa Worrell, Captain. 
Robert Wilson, Lieutenant 
Feaooek Major, Ensign. 

Skoond Gompant. 

Thomas Holmes, Captain. 
Jonathan Dnngan, Lieutenant 
Enoch Holmes, Ensign. 

Third Compant. 

Ssmnel Swift, Captain. 
John Blake, Lieutenant, 
Bobert Bobertson, Ensign. 

Fourth Company. 

Fifth Company. 

Jacob Roads, Captain. 
Casper Roads, Lieutenant 
Serick Strickler, Ensign. 

* Sixth Company. 

James Potts, Captain. 
John Knowles, Lieutenant 
David Derriokson, Ensign. 

Seysnth Company. 

Stephen Burrows, Captain. 
Henry Young, Lieutenant 
John Davis, Ensign. 

Eighth Company. 

Joseph Doarman, Captain. John Rush, Captain. 

Jacob Ashton, Lieutenant. Christopher Coon, Lieutenant 

Jacob Shearer, Ensign. Frederick Altemus, Ensign. 

Philad* County, March 9», 1784. 

W- COATS, Lieu* C. P. 

John Armstrong, Esq', Secretary to the Supreme Executive 
Oonneill of the State of Pennsylvania. 

Prbsidbnt Dickinson to Merchants of Philada., 1784. 


The offices we hold are bestowed upon us for the public service, & 
fai order to fulfil the obligations of such a trust we esteem it our 
mdispensable Duty to obtain all the Information that may be useiflil 
to the State. 

We therefore wish to avail ourselves of the Knowledge a^d 
Experience of your Body, not only with Respect to the Removal of 
the Chevaux de Prize, but for the further Improvement of the Navi- 
eation of the River k Bay, and in general for the promotion of the 
Commercial Interests of the Commonwealth, as far as our Exertions 
can eontribute to the attainment of thoHO very desirable objects. On 
the first subject we hope to be soon favoured with yout sentiments, 
k upon the last as you may from time to time think proper. 


The sabstance of the Memorial to the General Assembly which 
yqa hare been pleased to mention, appeared to Ua as important as to 
ion ; and not knowing of yonr intended application to the House, 
W9f in onr Message, at the Beginning of the present Session, strongly 
xurgod '' the Necessity of a dae Q^er and aooorate Method being 
observed in preparing all our products in the best Manner for Export 

By a former message on the eighteenth of last Aagast, we repre* 
sented to the Legislature that '< no proper provision was made for 
the measuring of Grain & Salt" We also established a temporary 
Begulution concerning those articles. 

Any advantages which the' Laws admit upon these points, we shall 
be very ready to make, and should be glad to know what the ooorse 
of Business suggests to your observation as most advisable. 

Q. Who are the Officers for inspecting Beef & Fork, Flower ft 
Staves, &c. 

With a very great k sincere Esteem, 
I am, Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient, 

And most humble servant, 

The Merchants of Philadelphia. 
Indoned March 13, 178i. 

Hon. Joh5 Montgomery to Prbs. Dickinson, 1784. 

Annapolis, 15th March, 1784. 

I have the honor to send your Excellency the JoumalB of Congress 
for 1780 and 1781, and an order on Mr. Olayp^le for those of 1779 
and 1782, which includes part of '83. 

Only eight states represented in Congress ; the Delegates of the 
Delaware State are Disqualified to serve, having been appointed Ist 
Feb'y, 1783, the year ending Ist Feb'y, 1784, and no appointment 
made in that State since. Mr. Beresford's time is up this day, and 
no acct. from South Carolina of a new appointment, so that we are 
pievented from proceeding on the important and pressing Business 
now before Congress. 

I am, with great respect, 

Your Excellency's most obd\ 
Humble Servant, 


His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esquire, Prcs't of the Sap. Ex. 
Council at Philadelphia. 

* See pages 208, 210, 212, 221. 



Philadelphia, 19 March, 1784. 

The attention with which Connoil have been pleased to honor our 
^plication, demands oar acknowledgments, and we should be wanting 
In the Respect we owe to the Executive Power of the State, and to 
the Daties of our appointment, if we should withhold any informu- 
tion which they may think proper to ask, and which we are compos- 
lent to giye. 

The Kemoval of the Cheyaui: de frize is, in our Estimation, an 
Object of the first importance to the Navigation of the State, and 
OQght, at all Events, to be attempted as soon as the Season will 
permit. We presume that in this, as in all public Undertakings, if 
persona of Ability would engage to perform the Service by Contract, 
xor> a specific Sum, that mode would be the most eligible ; but if 
inch Persons cannot be found, we would recommend that the Bust- 
neaa be put under the Direction of the Wardens of the Port, with 
Inttnietions to employ the best means in their Power for accom- 
plishing so necessary an End. 

The message of Council at the opening of the present Session com- 

Ethended many of the objects which we wished to bring before our 
prasentatives; and our memorial, it was imagined, would famish 
additional Motives for taking them into immediate Consideration. 
It is to be lamented that neither the one nor the other has hsd 
the desired Effect; and that new Impositions on Trade should bo 
adopted without any Reference to the Parties who are to be imme- 
diately affected by them, & without the smallest Attention to the 
Improvement of that Commerce upon which those Impositions are laid. 
We have thought it our Duty by another Memorial, to solicit the 
Attention of the General Assembly to this Business, & we still flatter 
ooraelves our applications may be regarded. 

If the Prayer of our Petitions should be granted, the Superin- 
tendanoe of many of the ReguUtioos will necessarily be in the 
Connoil. Should that happen & our Experience can be useful, every 
infbnnation in our power will be cheerfully given. In the mean 
time the officers who superintend the measurement of Salt & Grain, 
k the Inspection of Beef & Pork, being of their appointment, it may 
be in their power to put those Duties into the hands of Persons who 
will execute them with Reputation to the State. 

We have the Honor to be With perfect Respect, 

four Exoellencies most obedient)& very humble ServantS| 

His Excellency, The President of the Council. 

* See Col. lleo., Vol. XIV., p. 64,— «id preceding page (220.) 



CouKciL TO Commb's OF Taxes ih Philad'a, 1T84. 

Phikdelphia, March 20th, 1784. 


Council wisb to know what is the amount of Tax arimng fiooi 
Billiard Tables'^ in the City and County of Philadelphia, and I htm 
their direcUon to request yon will please to give them the neoesBaiy 
Information on that subject 

Direciedj — Commissioners of the Taxes in the City andCounty of 

David Meade to Col. Moorb, 1784, 

Wioming, Maroh 20th| 1784. 

Agreeable to your Desire I must inform you that there is Beef to 
Last until the first of May^ Whiskeyi Wheat and Com for a Month, 
and am assured by Mr. Weitzel that a Boat Load of Flower will hck 
Bee* here as soon as Possable after the River is Navigable. 

I am^ Sir, yours, Ac., 

DirtcUdr-'-OA. Moore. 

Major Jambs Moore to Prbs. Dickinson, 1784. 

Fort Dickinson, Maroh 20, 1784. 

The People in this Country has suffered Exceedingly by the late 
fresh, not less than 150 Houses have been carried away. The Gfaift 
is Principaly Lost, and a very considerable part of the Cattle* 
drowned — the Water was 30 feet above Low Water Mark. 

Inclosed I send your Excellency a Return of the Provision noir 
in store and of the Quantity that is shortly expected up the River. 

Inclosed you have the deposition of James Culver, it is a prehide' 
to the troubles we have every reason to expect this spring. 

The water was so High in the Qarrison that some of the ammuni- 
tion was Injured. 

I have the Honor to be, with the 

Highest Esteem, your Excellency's 

most Obd^ servt, 

Indorsed — An'account of the Fresh in the Susquehanna & peoples 
sufferings in consequence. 

Directed, — His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq', President of 
the State of Penn', Philadelphia. 

* Sco pnge 224. 


Pbbs. Dickihson to Speaeek of Assembly, 1784« 

In CoanciL March 23d, 1784. 


we bave tbis Day received ibe iDcIosed Letter from the Minister 
of France, which^we think proper to comnmnicate to joor Honorabia 

I am with great Respect, Sir, 

joor most obedient and 

most hamble Servant, 

. Xhe Honorable, the Speaker. 

Fees. Dickinson to Minister of Feanob, 1784. 

In Council, March 23di 1784. 

This Day We have bad the Honor of receiving your Letter of 
yeaterday, which we shall immediately communicate to the General 

A Law of this State passed last March, ordered notes of one 
Tear^s Interest to be paid on Certificates of monies loaned to the 
United States or Debts due from them, where such Certificates were 
issued from the Loan Office of this State, or granted for Articles 
fiimishnd or Services performed by Citizens of this State, and in the 
name and for the use of persons, who at the time of issuing were 
or since have been Citisens of this State and are actually resident 
within the same. 

I am with Regard, Sir, 

your most obedient and 

most humble servant, 


The Minister of France. 

Pbbs. Dickinson to Delegates in Congress, 1784. 


Dr. £wing,& David Rittenhouse, John Lukens & Thomas Hutch- 
ins, Esquires, are appointed Commissioners by Council for ascer- 
taining the Boundury Line between Virginia and this State, in 
pursuance of the agreement made at Baltimore on the 31st of 
August, 1779.* 

* See Vol. YIII., p. 852, fto.,-^al8o, YoL IX. 


For this purpose, two of the CommissioDers of each State, propose 
to meet at the Eaetem Extremity of Mason & Dixon's Line, ft the 
rest of them at the Western Extremity thereof, the Beginning of 
next Jnne. 

As it is designed that the Meridian Line for the Western Bound* 
wry of this State should also be run if it can be safely done, We 
think it proper that Congress should be informed of these Intentionii^ 
which we desire you will please to oommunicate. * ^ 

Com. of Taxes of Philad'a, to Pbbs. DicEiNsoNy 1784. 

To His Exoellcncy, John Dickinson, Esq', President, and the 
Honorable, the Supreme Executive Oounoil oi the Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania. 


In compliance with the wishes of Council, we have examined our 
Books of Assessment, and find that the tax arising on Billiard 
Tables,* in the City and County of Philadelphia, amounts to the 
sum of three hundred and forty five Pounds. 
We are with very great respect, 

your most obea^ & very hum> servants, 

PhiUd-, March 2 Uh, 1784. 
His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq', President, &c., &c 

Report to General Assembly, 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania, 

Thursday, March 25, 1784, A. M. 

The committee appointed March 11, to confer with the Supreme 
Executive Council, reepeeting the proper time for withdrawing the 
troops stationed at Wyoming, made report, which was read and on 
motion and by special order, the same was read the second time and 
adopted as follows, (viz ) 

The oommittee directed to confer with Council respecting the 
proper time for removing the troops from Wyoming, report : 

That they have performed that service, and find Council nn^. 
animously of opinion, that it wonld be highly improper to remove 
the troops before the first day of December next ; but notwithstand- 
ing the opinion of that honorable body, which seems to be founded 
upon no other reasons than those already mentioned, and fully 
debated by this House; Your committee beg leave to offer the 
following resolution, (viz :) 

^ See page 222. 



Betolvedy thai the blank in the resolotion of the eleventh instant, 
reapeoting the diaoharge of the troope now stationed at Wyoming 
be filled ap with the first daj of June next. 

Extract from the Minntas. 


Aaa' Clerk 
of the General Assembly. 

. Persohs who Purchased Provincb Island and Citt 
Lots, 1784. 

List of persons indebted to the State for the parehase of Province 
Uaodai ~ 

, and City Lots, 

Days of payment 

George Henry, 
John Mitchell, 
^Robert Coeks, 
*£phriam Blaine,* . 
Biehard Hampton, . 
John Mitchell, 
Blair M'Glenachan, 
Philip Moore, 
*WUliam Sheaff, . 
James Longhead, . 
Danlap & Budden, 
Joseph Dean, 
John Taylor, 
Davis & Patton, . 
^Samuel M. Brown, 
George Biokham, . 
John Barker, 
Peter Stretch, 
*John Glendenoin, 
Anthony Cathbert, 
Ephraim Blaine, . 
Thomas Leiper, 
♦William Grinding, 
Jacob Esler, 
D' John Morgan, . 
*Staoey Hepbarn, . 
George Way, 
John Danlap, 
Dunlap & Baddcn, . 

1781, July 26, . 

1782, Feb. 23, . 

1781, Sep. 5, . 
. D* D% . 

1782, March 6, . 

. r^, . 

. J)% . 

. D% . 

. 4, . 

. 18, . 

. 25, . 

. o , . 

. 29, . 

. D% . 

. 17, . 

.D-, . 

.D-, . 

. 31, . 

. D», . 

. 18, . 

. 11, . 

May SO*, ! 

.!)•, . 

.D-, . 

. D". . 

. D-, . 

1782, June n'*, 







Sums Due. 

















£1140 10 









217 • 













Thoee marked,* have paid no part of tbe purchase money. 

The above hallauces are set down in round numbcn^ aa it wou'd 


be luelen to oompate the Interest aocnntely 'till it b kaowB lAat 
kind of money they will be paid in. 
Errors Excepted. 


March 25th, 1784. 

The Treasurers Report of Monies dae for City Lots. 

Bead in Gounoil, 26th of March, 1784— and the 8ee^ direotadlto 
request the attendance of the Att^ Gen^ to confer with CounciL 



To the honorable Oeorge Gray, Esq% Speaker of the Genenl 

March, 25, 1784. 

I have been fiimished with a Copy of a letter of the 4^ of last 
month from James Wilson and William Bradford, Esq**, to you in 
which they say that ^'the Counsel retained to conduct the causa 
'< between the Commonwealth & Timothy Matlack Esq', amicably 
** entered in the Supreme Court agreably to the resolution of the 
** hon'ble General Assembly of Pennsylvania beg leave to report^ 
'^ that they find it impossible to carry the said resolution into eflbof 
'^ so as to do justice to the Commonwealth." As some measure of 
justice is due to me ad well as to the Commonwealth, I hope it will' 
not be deemed criminal on my part, if I have been so attentive ta 
my own security as to gunrd against those measures which my coun- 
sel, as well as myself, considered as artfully planned to Surprise and 
ensnare me. 

The letter of the counsel for the State, loads me with :he odium, 
of having prevented the resolution of the honorable house from 
beinff carried into efibct, by evading the trial which I myself bad 
sought This charge is not founded in truth ; onf the other hand, I 
can furnish authentick vbnchers for the truth of what I shall nov^ 
State to you, and thro you to the honorable the General Assemblv. 
This cause ought to have been tried long before this day ; ft I solic- 
ited very earnestly to have it brought to trial last April term in the 
Supreme Court, & again at September term ; yet thro' no fault of 
mine, nor from want of diligence in my counsel, the cause was not 
ente^d on the Docket, until I was obliffed to take a rule for ezam- 
inine Gen' Lacey in New Jersey a few days before the day appoint- 
ed for the trial, which was the 27<^ of January, and altho i hacF 
taken pains with the assistance of my counsel, to have the jury 

See Col. Reo. XIY. p. 66. 


strack more than two months before the day appointed for trial ; 
jei the Venire facias was not taken out on the part of the Common- 
weilth and delivered to the Sheriff, until abont two days preoeding 
AbI ftppointed for the trial. No delay was afieoted on my part| and 
vhao the jury did not attend upon the short notice given to them ; 
it By own earnest request and entreaty another day was appointed. 
That day arrived, to wit the 8d of Feb'y ; a jury attended, and then 
■ose (he difficulty which I am now charged with creating. 

Here it is necessary to look back to the begining of this business ; 
so far as respects the ordering of the matter to be tried between the 
Oommonwealth and myself. When the Comptroller Oeneral and 
Byeelf differed in opinion, upon certain charges I made of monies 
on aeoount of my salary and foes belonging to my late office^ I pro- 
poaed to him that the question arising upon those charges should 
•Ither be submitted to the opinion of the Judges of the Supream 
Oonrt as questions of law, or be reforred for trud to a Jury in the 
Common Pleas or Supream Gourt upon a feigned t$9ue ; both of 
whtoh methods I stated with the assistance of counsel, as being con- 
sonant to the practice of the Court of Chancery in England. This 
ftMii you will find supported by the proposition I made signed with 
my name. The report made by the Comptroller General on my 
SMOoant) the 19^ of March, 1783, admitted that the account of 
monies received by me is probably right, and contains no other ob- 
joolions to them, than certain articles of credit therein stated which 
nro really questions of law. He adds, that my proposition to deter- 
mine them either by stating the questions therein mentioufii for the 
opinion of the Judges, or trying the conteMted points by a jury (which 
I had proposed to have tried on a feigned issue as I have already 
mentioned) appeared to be very reasonable, k prays to be instruct^ 
hj the Honorable Council or Assembly, what may to their prudence 
A Superior Wisdom appear most eligible, and that, if necessary, 
ooansel might be employed. On the 21*^ day of March last, the 
Prarident in Council, by a Message to the Honorable the Assembly- 
aignilled, that the Supreme Executive Council " presumed the ques- 
tioD8 of right might he determined in the manner proposed by the 
SKTtia/ryy which appeared to them to be reasonable." This Mess- 
age on the same day was referred to a Committee. 

On the 22* day of March the report of the Committee was made 
and adopted ^ that the Secretary had charged the State with a very 
eonsiderable sum which the Comptroller General declares to be 
nitogether inadmissable and prayed to be instructed by the Honora- 
ble the Council or Assembly &c," and it was thereupon resolved by 
the House << That the Comptroller General of this State, proceed to 
the trial of the contested points in the accounts of Timothy Matlack| 
Kaq', in the Supream Court ; and that he be authorised to employ 
Counsel for that purpose.' 

The objections made by the Comptroller General on certain points 
of law, as to my salary and fees, stated by him, formed these caniea- 


Ud pointSy aod these oootestcd poiota, particnlu'ly stated^ were all 
which were directed by the House to be tried by a Jury in the 
Snpream Coart From that time to the present I have been alwmye 
ready to form the feigned issue, and my counsel inform me ther 
have repeatedly proposed and urged it, at every court since HarolL 
Isst. I expected that these contested points & these only would have 
been stated for the opinion of the jury under the direction of the 
Judges and I had a right to expect it, because the order of the 
House was confined to these. Did / prevent this and thereby render 
** it impossible to carry the resolution of the House into effect V' 
Far from it; but on the other hand the Counsel fDr the State 
declared, that the house had ordered what could not be done, that it 
was an absurdity in itself; that to swear a jury to try and give their 
verdict on a point of law was a thing which had never before been 
heard of. Whether this circumstance be the one which makes it 
** impossible to carry the resolution of the House into efieot eo as to. 
do justice to the Commonwealth'' I cannot determine ; but the diffi- 
culty is not imputable to me ; for my Counsel remonstrated that the 
Attorney Ckneral had no authority to proceed against me but con- 
formably to the order of the House ; that as to any absurdity in the 
mode prescribed, we have nothing to do with it, but to obey, & that 
the thine was not imputable to us, because I had offered to refer the 
contested points to the opinion of the Judges. 

Thus far I was surely not to blame ; for if, in the opinion of the 
Counsel for the State, it was absurd or impossible to carry the 
order of the House into effect, the fault lay not at my door — ^I went 
further : Wishing to remove every difficulty in the way of a speedy 
decision I again offered to state the contested points for the opinion 
of the Judges, who were best qualified to decide on questions of law. 
This was refused. I urged the forming a feigned issue and tryinc 
it by a Jury agreably to my first proposition, which had been declared 
reasonable by the Comptroller General, by the Supreme Executive 
Council & by the Honorable the House of Assembly ; agreably to 
the established mode of trying contested points which arise in the 
Court of Chancery, & agreably to our own practice in the Case of 
issues directed from the Registers Court to try the validity of wills. 
This proposition, if accepted, would have brought the '' contested 
points" fairly before the court and jury for trial, without a possibil- 
ity of Surprise or the least undue advantages to either party. It 
would also have had uninterrupted usage with a long and respectable 
train of precedents to authorise it. This however was rejected, and 
rejected by the very Gentlemen who have since told the House, that 
they find it impossible to carry the resolution of the House into 

What was to be done 7 The Court declared that an issue most 
be formed in some mode before the Cause could be tried. But the 
Counsel for the State would agree to no other mode of doing it than 
that of filing a declaration against me for money had and received 


by me for the use of the State. To this I submitted on eondition 
that the contested points to be tried might be stated in -writing. 

After three or foar attempts, in which the Counsel for the State 
xeceded from their own propositions as often as they were agreed to 
cm my part, the points to be tried were agreed to & signed by my 
oounael. But when the jury was ready to be sworn, it appealed 
that no declaration was yet filed, & when I was perfectly willing Je 
•a I thought ready for the trial a new and very unexpected scene 
waa disclosed. A declaration was drawn up at the table, in which I 
was chargedy not with the sum specified in the Comptrollers report 
to be the sum received by me, but with having received ninety seven 
thonsand Pounds ; a sum far beyond the sum stated by the Comp- 
troller General and beyond what I had any imagination that I waa 
erer suspected of receiving. A new aecouot was also exhibited by 
the Comptroller, upon very di£ferent principles & for a much larger 
sum than that contained in his report. One of the Counsel for the 
state also mentioned, that they haid additional charges to make even 
beyond their new account ; but what those additional charges were 
be refused to mention & I do not yet know. These matters were 
widely different from those which the house had ordered to be tried 
t which I came prepared to defend myself against. My accusation 
waa in part new, & part of it yet concealed, ready to be brought 
forward at the very instant of trial, when material witnesses might 
be absent, records unsearohed, papers and authentic documents out 
of my hands and not attainable, and my counsel totally uninstmcted 
as to all the new matter. Against attacks of this nature innocence 
is not a sure protection; because time and preparation are often 
necessary to make innocence appear, especially where long accounts 
& complicated facts are in question. I refused to be thus entrapped ; 
bat lest the cause should not go on, I made another proposition ; 
that the counsel employed against me should proceed in the very 
node that they wished to do, if they would confine themselves to 
the account stated by the comptroller general in his report, which 
was the subject matter of the trial directed by the house of assembly. 
Thia proposition was also rejected. The court interposed & desired 
the oonnsel on both sides to converse together, & endeavor to fall 
opoa Bome method of terminating the dispute. This was at length 
agreed to, 'tho with reluctance by the counsel for the State, and 
when the counsel on both sides withdrew together, I hoped that 
■ome mode for bringing the matter in controversy to a fair trial might 
have been fallen upon ; but one of the couosel for the State began the 
eonference by declaring that it was his fixed determination not to 
recede in the smallest degree from what they had before urged. 
This very singular mode of accommodating the dispute which waa 
entirely different from what was recommended by the court, broke off 
the treaty, & it is evident, that it would have b^n vain & ridicnlooa 
in OS to make any propositions, when we were assured that none cf 
any kind, however reasonable^ would be accepted. 


The oonsequence was that the coart dismissed the jarj from 
farther attendaDce & the resolation of the houM was not carried into 
effect. Whether this was occasioned by me, or by those who ehargo 
me with it, the honorable house will be at no loss to determine. 

I do hereby renew all the propositions which I have made and 
which are contained in this letter. It is beneath the dignity of 
goyemment to wish to ensnare an innocent man, & I cannot persaado 
myself that the legislature really desire it. The questions to be tried 
are fiurly stated in the Comptroller Grencrals report. I am willing 
to submit those questions to a court or a jury. I have no objectioiia 
to the jury who were struck in the cause or to any other good men. 
As my case may possibly form a leading precedent in cases of the 
like nature, I would submit it to the wisdom of the honorable house, 
whether a feigned issue, in whioh all the points in contest are fairly 
stated in case of trial by jury & in whioh we are warranted by the 
example & practice uf ages be not the most eligible mode. 
I am with due respect, 

Your most obedient servant, 


Instruotions to Comm'bs for runninq Boundary Linb, 


In Council, Philadelphia, March 26th, 1784. 

With this letter you will receive a Certificate of the act of Coan- 
oil respecting your appointment duly authenticated. 

We confide in your abilities and attention, that the very important 
business committed to your charge will be performed in the beet 

Your first employment after the necessary astronomical observa- 
tions, we presume will be the Extension of Mason's and Dixon's 
line, due West five degrees of Longitude. This extended line we- 
desire to have marked by Stones properly prepared and fixed in the 
ground, at the distance of five miles from one another, every stone 
to be inscribed with its distance from the River Delaware. The 
South West Corner of the State should bo marked with a large 
Stone, well fixed and by a considerable heap of smaller stones arouiKl 
it. The bearings & distance of near & remarkable objects around it 
should be taken & be mentioned in the Report of proceedings. The 
line from thence to the Northern Limit of the State should be 
marked as the Southern boundary is to be, computing the distance 
to be insohbed upon each Stone therein from the South West 


We bope that tach a peace will be be established with the lodians 
before jon arrive at the Ohio in ruoDiog the Western boandary, 
ibai joa may safely prooeed in that Work to its northern Extremity. 
In Ibai Case, we wish yoo to ascertain the North Western Comer 
of tbis State by astronomical observations in the Latitude of forty 
three degrees, and to mark that as the Sonth West Comer is to be. 

We have given Notice to Congress of year appointment as Com- 
misaioners to make these surveys; and if any' should be appointed 
on tbeir part, you will be pleahed to act in conjunction with them. 

As you Gentlemen in the Execution of this Commission, will 
tnrel over many parts of the Country, We cannot but ardently 
wish that you may embrace the opportunity of making every obeeiw 
vation and obtaining all possible information eonoerning the situa- 
tion %ikd courses of Rivers, Streams, Hills and Mountains, that may 
be of the least use in assisting the public Councils, on the very 
interesting subjects of forming the most advantageous commu- 
nicationi by roads and oanals between the different parts of the 

We have appointed Colonel Andrew Porter to attend you as Com- 
missary under your direction. He is to purchase before you set out 
die articles of which a list is enclosed, except such as can be obtained 
from the public stores, procure provisions at the places of operation, 
hire necessary Labourers, and to render a just and tme account of 
the Monies expended. 

I am Gentlemen, 

with great Esteem and Regard, 

your obedient and very humble Servant, 


Doctor John Ewing, David Rittenhouse, John Lukens, and Thomas 
Hutchins, Esq., Commissioners for running the Boundary Line 
between this State and Virginia. 

Sko'y op Conqress to Prbs. Dickinson, 1784. 

Annapolis, 29th March, 1784. 

In pursuance of the within act of the United States in Congress 
assembled, I had the honor of forwarding to your Excellency on the 
26th, January la8t,f in the terms prescribed, a notification of the 
application made in Congress for the institution of a Court to de- 
termine the private right of soil between the Indivi luals claiming 
under different States in that tract of Country which by a late Fede- 
ral Court has been adjudged to Fcunsylvania and of the assignment 
of a day for the parties to appear before Congress or a Committee 

♦ See CoL Ecc., XIV. pp. 69, 74, 288, 618. f See page 194. 


of the States^ for inatitating such Court agreeably to the artiolea of 

Ai I ha?e not been fa?oar'd with an answer, and it may beoome 
Beeeaeary to show that the notification haa been dnly reeeivod, I 
most request your Ezcellenoy to take the trouble oi aoknowledgiiig 
the reoeipt of this or of my former Letter. 
I have the honor to be, 

with respect your Ezeellenoyi 
most obet. & most hum. Servant, 

His Excellency The President of Pcnnsylvama. 

P£B8. DioKiNSOV TO OoL. Jambs Moo&b, 1784. 

In Council, Philada., March SOth^ 1784. 

We have received your Letter, and the indoeed deposition both 
which we laid before the General Assembly, and now send a late 
resolution of that Honorable Body. 

With great Esteem and Consideration 

I am^ Sir, your most obedient 

and very humble Servant, 

Colo. Moore, at Wyoming. 

Council to John Wbitzel, 1784. 

In Council, Philadelphia, March 30th, 1784. 

I have the directions of Council to inclose to you a Copy of the 
Resolution of the General Assembly of the 25th instant for dis- 
charging the Garrison of Wyoming on the first June next — and 
that it is the sense of Council you should not fumbh proviuons to 
the Troops stationed at that phice after that day. 
I am, Sir with much respect, 

your most obedient and humble servant, 

J. T., for J. A., jr , See'y. 
John Weitrie, Esqr. 





We haye eoiiMdered the prof^osals made to as, by the Ezeontire 
Oovnoily »ad are UDanimoasly of opinion that it will be inoonmBtent 
with the BnnnesB for us to have anything to do with providing 
Neeenaries for onrseWes, or with being dependent on the Hamoor 
«f a GommiaBary bo that unless it be part of his Daty to provide for 
My ire oannot undertake the Work. And when we reflect upon the 
■floiirmqy necessary for the aooomplishment of the Work, the 
oonalaDt attention to the observations both Night and Day, the 
frequent inteiruptions of our natural Rest, the daily Fatigue we 
annst undergo, the Danger of losing our H^th and above all the 
Begard we ought to have to our Characters with all the Gentlemen 
of Astronomical Knowledge in Europe, whose Eyes will be turned 
upon us, and who will expect from us all that Precision, that can bo 
derived from the greatest astronomical Discoveries that have yet 
been made'; We expect that the supreme Executive Council will 
enable us to meet the Commissioners from Virginia upon equal 
Terms : which, we have good Reason to believe, is for six Dollars 
per Day, and all thdr Expences paid by the State. 
We are with the greatest Respect, Sir, 

your very humble Servants, 
PfaHadelphia, ) 
80th March, 1784. J 
Directed f 

Bis Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq'r, President of the State. 

Rbsolution op Assembly, 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania, In General Assembly. 

Thursday, April 1, 1784, P. M. 
A member presented to the chair a motion which was read, and 
on motion, and by special order, the same was read the second time^ 
and adiopted as follows, (vii :) 

Whereas, the Barracks, public store House and Powder Magasine 
in the borough of Lancaster, are now vacant, and for want of a 
proper person to take care of them, are subject to destruction and 
q^U; therefore, 

« See Col. Beo., Vol. XIV., p. fiO. . 


Resolved, That the Supreme Executive Conucil be aud they tre 
hereby anthoriaed to appoiot a proper persoD, reeidiDg in the 
said borough of Lancaster, to take charge of the said Barracks, pub- 
lic store house and powder magazine, who shall be vested with 
power to rent the same to such person or persons as may apply for 
them or either of them, for the highest rent he may be offered for 
them or have in his power to obtain, out of which rent the penon 
80 appointed shall be paid the sum of six pounds per annum for his 
trouble, shall keep the said Barracks and store house in such repair 
as they now are, for which repairs he shall be allowed out of the 
remainder of the rent arising out of the buildings aforesaid ; and 
that he render an account of his transactions in the premises to the 
Prothonotary of the county, who, after having approved thereof, 
shall transmit the same into the Comptroller General's office, and 
pay such balance as may remain after making the deduction of (he 
sums above mentioned, to the Treasurer of this State. 
Extract from the Minutes, 


Clerk of the General Assembly. 

Prbs. of Conqbess to Pbss. Dickinbon, 1784. 

(Circular.) , 

The subject of this address claims the attention of yonr Excel- 
lency, on the principle of the most ujgent necessity. 

The state of our finances is such as to require the united efforts 
of Congress and of the several States, for obtaining immediately a 
supply of money to prevent the loss of public credit. 

When the army was furloughed, they had the promise of three 
months pay; and as there was not money in the Treasuiy, the 
Superintendant of finance was under the necessity of issuing his 
notes to discharge this and other Demands. The notes becoming due, 
part of them were redeemed with money supplied by the several 
States; but this being inadequate, the Financier drew bills on 
Holland for the deficiency. A considerable proportion of these 
drafts have been paid by loans obtained there on the credit of (he 
United States ; But the letters from our Bankers to the Superin^ of 
finance, inform that they had been under the necessity for the want 
of funds, to suffer so many of his Bills to be protested for non- 
acceptance, as with the damages on protest in case of non-payment, 
inll amount to the sum of 686,000 dollars. 

We expect the return of these bills, under a protest fisr non-pay- 
ment; and should there not be money in the Treasury of the United 
States to discharge them, your Excellency may easily conceive the 
deplorable consequences. 



Under each circumstances^ Congress think it their duty to com- 
Bianicate the matter confidentially to the Supreme Executive of each 
State ; and to request in the most pressing terms their influence and 
exertion to furnish with all possible dippatch on requisitions unsatis- 
fied, their respective quotas of the sum mentioned, according to the 
apportionment herewith transmitted. 

I shall only add, Sir, that Congress rely on your wisdom for ao- 
oomplishing their views with as much dispatch as possible, and that 
the estimates and requisitions for the year will be soon transmitted 
to your Excellency. 

I am with the greatest 

Respect & Esteem, 

your Excellency'ib obedient & humble serv*, 
Annapolis, 1st April, 1784. ^ 


Public Service. 

His Excellency, President Dickinson, Philadelphia. 

Bbtubn op Officers of Fourth Battalion of Militia 
OF Philad'a County, 17»4. 

A Retam of the Officers of the Fourth Battalion of the Militia of 
Philada. County, commanded by Col Peter Richards. 

Michael Gaugler, Capt'n, '\ 

Philip Boycr, Lieut., > First Company. 

Pete r Yost, Ensign. j 

Benjamin Marckley Capt'n, ") 

y Second Company, 

John Smith, Lieut., 
Barnard Freyer, Ensign. 
Matthew Brooke, Capt'n, 
Jeremiah Wiser, Lieut., 
Henry Bamhart, Ensign. 

John Brooke, Capt'n, 

John Bets, Lieut., 

Israel Ortleip, Ensign. 

Jacob Wits, Capt'n, 

Nathaniel Child, Lieut., 

James Jack, Ensign. 

Joseph Sigfreed, Capt'n, 

Adam Hillegas, Lieut., 

Peter Lower, jun'. Ensign. ) 

John Shuler, Capt'n, ^ 

Henry Schneider, Lieut., V Seyenth Company. 

Henry Smith, Ensign. j 

> Third Company. 

[• Fourth Company. 
[ Fifth Company. 

• Sixth Company. 


John Dengler, Guyt'iiy \ 

George Dengler, Lieut, > Eighth Company. ^ '^- 

Qeorge Gilbert, Ensign. j 

' J do Hereby Certify that the above Betom is a True Goppy o 
tiVe Return maid by Col. Peter Biohards. 

W- COATS, Lieu* C. P. 
Philad* County, April 2nd, 1784. 


John Armstrong, Esq', Secretary to the Supreame Executive 
Councill of the State of Pensylvania. 

Comm'rs on Boukdart LmB to C!ounoil, 1784. 


The Time of our Departure from Philadelphia drawing near, it is 
necessary that the Commissary should be employed in looking out 
for the articles that may be wanted. As the Council have signified 
to us that they would be glad to know who would be agreeable to 
us in this Expedition, we would inform them that it appears probable 
to us, that Coll. Porter, from his long Experience in the army, and 
his knowledge of the most (Economical and ready Way of supplying 
a number of Men with Necessaries would answer the Expeotadoos 
of the Council and of the Commissioners, as well as any Person thev 
can think of at present. He has informed us that lif the Council 
will appoint him, he will go with us, and he is acquainted with the 
Terms which you have proposed. 

With Respect to the Provision to be made for the CommissionerSi 
we have expressed our Sentiments fully in our last Letter to Coun- 
cil, and we have agreed to undertake the Business, and hope to 
accomplish the Work in such a manner as will give satisfootion to the 
State and answer the Elxpectations of Gentlemen of science in Europe, 
if the Council do not wish to have Men of greater abilities employed ; 
in which Case we will cheerfully resign the Business into the Hands 
of any others that may appear to the honorable Council to be better 
qualified for the Work, or more eligible on the whole. 

An anxious Desire to gratify the astronomical World in the per- 
formance of a Problem which has never yet been attempted in any 
Country, by a Precision and Accuracy that would do no Dishonour 
to our Characters, while it prevents the State of Pennsylvania from 
the Chance of Losing many hundred Thousands of Acres, secured to 
it by our agreement at Baltimore, has induced us to suffer our 
Names to be mentioned in the accomplishment of the Work. We 
assure you that the lucrative motives that might have Influence with 
us, in other Circumstances, have not sufficient Weight to ensage xm 
in so difficult a Work, that will separate us from our Famuies for 


bslf • yetty snd sabject most of as to FatiffaoB to which wb have not 
been ftocostomed. And we cannot perswade oaradves thai the State- 
of Pennsylvania will avail itself of this Desire, to sabjeot ns to the 
mortifying Circumstanoe of meeting irith the Oommissioners firom 
Virginia upon any unequal Terms. However, we submit the wholo 
affidr to the consideration of the honourable Council, and if upon our 
Betom from the work it should be found that the Cbmmissloneia 
from Virginia have been employed on' the same Terms, we shall 
perfectly acquiesce ; as we look for no more than an Equality with 

We arej Oentlemen, 

with great respect, 

your most obed't h'ble servants, 

Philadelphia, April 7th, 1784. 


From the Commissioners for running the Boundary Line between 
this State and Virginia. ^Read in Council April 7th, 1784, and Col* 
Andrew Porter app* Commissary. 


The Honorable, the Supreme Executive Council of Pennaylvania* 

Mathias Slough to Council, 1784. 

Lancaster, 8th April, 1784. 

You have no doubt been informed by. the Clerk of Assembly of 
their Resolution respectiog the Barracks and Public store houses in 
this Borough, and that No time may be lost in the appointment of 
a person to take Care of them, I Imediat^ly on my arrival at home, 
made enquiry for a Proper person who woi^ld take upon him that 
charge for the Sum mentioned in the resolution ; For this purpose 
I sent for the late assistant Barrack ma^ter^ whose Name is tfohn 
Schreiber, and who agrees to take it upon bim at the Sum and in the 
manner directed by the Resolution of Assembly. If therefore Coun- 
cil will be pleased to appoint him I doubt pot but he will answer 

» See Col. R«c , Vol. XI?., p. 69. 
Vol. X.—11 


the purpose. The sooner it is done, the better, as there is No penoii 
now to take any care of those Boildings. 
I have the Honour to be Siry 

your most obedient servanti 


From Matthias Sloogh, rec'd 14th April, 1784. Recommendatioa 
of John Soreiber as Keeper of the Barracks, &c., at Lancaster. 

Bead in Connoil, April 23d, 1784, and John Screiber app*, ap- 
pointment forwarded. 

Honourable James Ewing, Esquire, Yice President S. E. Gounoi], 
HonM by Col* Jno. Gibson. 

Sect. Armstbonq to Commissioners, of Taxes, 1784. 


14th, April, 1784. , 

Some late accounts from Congress make it the duty of Coandl to 
call upon you again to exert yourselves in the discharge of your 
common Trust 

It is impossible however that you can stand in need of any farther 
information upon that subject or that I can suggest any new motive 
to interest you in it. 

The former letters will sufficiently show you the wants of Govern- 
ment & the disposition of Council. 

I am Gen. &c., 


Apportionment op the 636,000 Dollars, 1784. 

The apportionment of the 636,000 Dollars is as follows : 

New Hampshire, . . 22,348 

. 95,157 

. 13,703 

. 56,007 

. 54,375 

. 85,344 

. 87,000 ^ 

. 9,516 

. 60,003 

. 108,750 

. 46,218 

. 40,782 

. 6,797 

Rhode Island, 
New York, 
New Jersey, 
North Carolina, 
South Carolina, 

636,000 Dollars. 

♦ See CoL Roc., VoL XIV., p. 72, 76. 


Resolution ov CoNeRESS, 1784. 

April 19, 1784. 

On the report of a'oommitee oonBisting of Mr. Gerry^ Mr. Sher- 
nftn and Mr. Lee, to whom was referred a motion of Mr. Oerry. 

Beaoivedi That the legislatures of the seyeral rtates be informed 
that whilst they are respectively represented in Congress by two 
delegates only, such an unanimity for conducting the most impor- 
tant public concerns is necessary as can be rarely expected. That if 
each of the thirteen states should be represented by two members^ 
five out of twenty-six, being only a fifth of the whole, may neeative 
any measures requiring the voice of nine states. That of eleven 
states now on the floor of CouCTess, nine being represented by 
only two members from each, it is m the power of three out of twenty- 
five, making only one eighth of the whole to negative such a measure 
notwithstancUng that by the articles of confederation, the dissent of 
five out of thirteen being more than one-third of the number, is 
peceseaiy for such a negative. That in a representation of three 
ttembers from each state, not less than ten of thirty-nine could so 
negative a matter requiring the voice of nine states. That from 
hoto under the observation of Congress, they are clearly convinced 
that a representation of two members from the several states, is 
extremely injurious by producing delays, and for this reason is like« 
wise much more expensive than a general representation of three 
members from each state. That therefore Congress conceive it to 
be indispensibly necessary and earnestly recommend that each state, 
at all times when Congi%ss are fitting, be hereafter represented by 
three members at least; as the most injurious consequences may bo 
expected from the want of such representation. 


Michael Hilleqas to Pres. Dickinson, 1784. 

Hay it please your Excellency, 

I was just now honored with your favour of this day, aoquaintinff 
me with the Confidence you and The Honorable Executive CounoQ 
were pleased to place in me, and requesting I would act as a Com- 
missioner for dividing and making Sale of the Ground on which the 
Barracks Stand. 

You may rest assured That I have a just sence of the favorable 
opinion you and they have testified by this appointment, and to 
assure Council of my Chearful Acceptance of the same, aa well as 
the satisfaction it is of having Tench Francis, Esquire, joined 
with me in the business; And that whenever Connoil will \(leaiA tA 


give us saoh materials as they may be possessed of, with saoh orden 
or InstraotioDS^ as they may incline; they will be readily and to the 
best of oar abilities attended to by 

Tour and their 

indst obedient and 

most humble Serrant. 

April 19th 1784. 

His Ezoelleney; John Dickinson^ Esquire, President of the State 
of PtamsyUaoia* 

Tenoh Fbanois to Pass. Dickinson, 1784. 

Philad*, April the 20^ 1784. 

I will most ohearfuUy united with my Friend Mr. HiilegaSi un- 
dertake the Ezecution of the Business you propose, commit to our 
Oareand With the greatest Esteem, 

I am T' Most 

Ob. humble st, 

His Bxeellenoy; John Dickinson, Esq'. 

CoiTNoiL TO P. Pjsilk, Naval Offiobr, 1784. 

Philadelphia, April 21^ 1784. 

Council wish to know what sum has been expended in pursuance 
of the resolutions of the Gen^ Ass^ appropriating the 2} per Cent 
for the improvement of the Navigation of the River JJelaware; 
and for raising two Companies of Infantry to be stationed at Wiom- 
ing ; and I have their directions to request your attendance in the 
Council Chamber to-morrow at 1 1 o' Clock, to give them such in- 
formation as you can on the subject 

I am Sir, Tour obedient and 

very humble servant, 

for John Armstrong, 

jun' Sec^. 
F^ Phfle, Esq', Naval Officer. 

« J9ee CoL Ree., Vi^. XVL, p. 7ft. 


Fbe0. Dickinson to Commissionbbs vob salb of 
Barracks, 1784( 

In Coonci]^ April 28% 1784. 

In pnreaance of the Act of Agsemblj passed the first Instant,^ 
empowering ns to sell the Barracks, &g., we have appointed yon to be 

It is oar Desire, that yon will be pleased immediately to proceed 
in '^ apportioning & laying off the ground, id to as many Lots as 
may Im neoessaiy, with such & so many streets, & Laues, that the 
Interest of the State & the convenience of the adjoining Inhabi- 
tants, may thereby be best promoted," & baring an accarate plan of 
the ground with these Di?isionS| report the same for further Instruo* 
tions in the Business. 

I am, Gent, Ac, 


1784, April 23'^ To Tench Francis and Hieh^ Hillegas, 

Payid RrrrsNHOusB to Fres. Dickinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia, April 27% 1784. 

The present exhausted State of the Treasury and the pressing 
oeoaaions for money make it necessary for me to represent to the 
Hon^^ Council in the most earnest manner, the expediency of call, 
ing on the several revenue officers and urging payment ; particularly 
the late and present Auctioneers, the Naval Officer and the Collec- 
tor of Imposts, together with such other persons as the Council or 
the Comptroller Gen' may think likely to afford a Supply. How 
little authority the Treasurer has in these matters, is well known. 
I am besides much engaged in preparing Instruments for our western 
Expedition. Agreeably to Instructions of the Hon^'* Council, I 
have by advertisment in several Newspapers, called on the parohasers 
of City Lots to make payment. I have not indeed published a List 
of names, as I was convinced the threat of so doing wou'd have 
more effect than the thing itself when done. I have likewise called 
personally on many of them ; and now beg leave to inform Council 
of the little success I have had. Co' Humpton has nearly paid off 
bis Ballance ; James Loughead has fully paid ; Joseph Jbean has 

• See page 289. 


Sinoe paid £73 1 ; Davis & PattoD have promised, but nothing more; 
Oeoi|;e Biokham p« £65 15; Peter Stretoh, £37 10; Ant^ Cath- 
bert, £207 5; Tho* Leiper, £78 15; D^ Morgan, £148 4; John 
Donlao, £309. What is farther to be done in order to compel pay- 
ment before the first of Jane, (when all the holders of the Bills 
will expect to have them exchanged;) I humbly submit to the wip- 
dom of Council. 

Permit me. Sir, likewise to inform Council that there seems to be 
almost a total stop to the Collecting of Taxes. In July next the 
Interest notes are to be paid by Act of Assembly, at which time the 
Act Supposes the Tax for 1783, will be brought in ; of this Tax there 
is however, no more than 29,474 Dollars paid into the Treasury, one- 
half of which only goes to redeem the Notes, will it not be neooB- 
sary for Council to urge the Several County Cnmmis^* to do their 

With due respect. 

Your Excellency's most 
obed' Humble servant, 

To His Exoelleneyi the President, in CouuoiL 

Besolution op Congress^ 1784. 

The United States in Congress Assembled, April 27| 1784. 
Congress resumed the consideration of the report of the Grand 
Committee appointed to prepare and report to Congress, the 
arrears of interest on the national debt, together with the expenoes 
for the year 1784, from the first to the last day thereof inclusive, 
and a requisition of money on the states for discharging the 
same, which being amended to read as follows— 

That there will be wandng for arrears of interest on the national 
debt to the end of the year 1783, and for the interest of the foreign 
debt and services of the present year 1784, from the first to the last 
day thereof inclusive, the following sums expressed in dollars, 
tenths and hundredths of dollars. 
The civil department, ... 107,525.33 
The military department, ... 200,000 
The marine department, - - 30,000 

Purchases of Indian rightQ of soil, and 

incidental expences, ... 60,000 

Contingencies, .... 60,000 


Debts contracted and still unpaid for 

services of 1782 and 1783, - - 1,000,000 

Interest on the national debt as follows— 


FoREiaN Debt. 

17S2| Bee. 81. Three years interest on 
the Spanish loan of 
150,000 dollars at 
five per cent. - - 22,500 
1788, Deo. 81. Spanish loan, one year, 7^500 

To the farmers general 
of France^ livres 
846,710-5, 7,840 

1784, Jane 1. Datch loan of 1,800,000 
florinS| at five per 
cent, - - - 85,000 
Sept. 8. French loan of 24 mil- 
lion livres at ditto, 222,000 
Nov. 5, Dutch loan of 10 mil- 
lion livres, goaran- 
teed by France, - 74,074 
Dec. 31, Spanish loan, - - 7,500 
• - Farmers general of France, 7,840 


DoMESTio Debt. 

1782, Dec. 81. Loan office debt, 

11,473,802,26 at 6 
percent, - - 1,184,176 
Liquidated debt, 

701,404 at ditto. 21,042 

Army debt, 5,635,618 

at 6 per cent, - 676,272 

Deduct the requisition of Sept. 

4,1782, - . - 1,200,000 

1788, Deo. 81. Loan office debt, -. 749,050 . 

Liquidated debt, - - 42,084 
Unliquidated debt, 
estimated at 8 million 
dollars, suppose one 
third now liquidated, 160,000 
Army debt, • - 338,136 



Total, 8,812,689.28 


The oommittee were apprised that the resolutions of Congress of 
April the 18th, 1783, had reoommended to the several states the 
raising an annual revenue, for the purpose of discharging tie 
principal and interest of the national debt, by the establishment of 
certain imposts, and providing supplementarj funds for a given 
term of years, to be raised in such a way as they might judge most 
convenient : but it occurred to them, Uiat those recommendations 
were still under suspence with several of the legislatures, some of 
tiiem having as yet acceded to the impost only, and others de<^ded 
neither on the impost nor supplementary funds: that however 
desirable a compliance therewith is, for the preservation of ov 
fidth, and establishment of a national credit, yet as time has already 
elapsed, and more must elapse before their final confirmation can be 
hoped, as, after it shall be obtained, time will also be requisite to 
advance the plan to the term of actual collection, good faith requires 
that in the mean while other measures should be reso|rted to for the 
purpose of discharging the growing interest. 

In the statement of the interest due at the dose of the year 1782, 
the committee have supposed its amount lessened by 1,200,000 
dollars, required and appropriated by the resolutions of- Congress of 
September the 4th and 10th, 1782, and appropriated to the sole 
purpose of paying the interest of the public debt. This requisition 
0ive licence to the states to apply so much as should be necessary of 
Uieir respective quotas of it, to the payment of interest due on 
certificates issued from the loan office of their own states, and other 
liquidated debts of the United States contracted therein. Hence 
they suppose it has happened, that the actual payments of these 

Juotas have been unoommunicated to the office of finance for the 
Fnited States. The committee are of opinion, that the states should 
be desired to communicate to the superintendant of finance, the 
payments they have made under this requisition, and where thev 
have been incomplete, to hasten their completioni as the means stiU 
relied on by Congress for the discharge of that part of the interest 
of the public debt — And while on this subject, they beg leave to 
add, that from the representation to Congress by the minister of 
France, referred to this committee, thev learn that in some of the 
states, a discrimination has taken place between the citizens of their 
own and subjects or citizens of other countries, which was not 
authorized by the said resolution : They are of opinion, that such 
states should be required to revise and reform their proceedings 
herein, and to extend the benefits both past and future of this pro- 
vision equally and impartially td all persons within its description. 
Your committee then came to consider in what way it would be 
best to call fbr the sums reauisite for the services before stated : and 
they thought it their duty in the first place to enquire, whether no 
surpluses might remain on former requisitions of Congress, after the 
purposes were effected to which they were originally appropriated ; 
under an assurance that it would be both the duty and sense of 


OoDgrets to apply such Barplases/ia every instancey towards lesaeniDg 
the next reqaisitioo on the states. They found in fact that each a 
■mrpiiifl wonld remain on the requisition of October 30, 1781, for 
•ignt millions of dollars for the services of the ensning year and 
mi this sarpios would be great from the followiog cironmstances ; — 
That requisition was estimated on supposition, that the continental 
army would be completed by the states, to its full establishment; 
•ad that clothing subsistence and ot^er necessaries for such an 
army, most of course bo provided The states wore far short of 
prodooing such an army. Hence the calls for money were propor- 
tiooaliy abridged. It was estimated too en the further supposition 
that we might be disappointed in the endeavours we were then 
eserting to borrow money both at home and abroad, and of course 
that the whole mnst be supplied by taxes. Loans however wore 
obtained, and the surplus increased by this second cause. A third 
eireamstanoe has further enlarged it The payments on this requi- 
■itioa have been small and slow. Hence, instead of money, those 
who aerved and supplied the United States have received certificates 
only that money is due to them, and these debts have been trans- 
farred to the fund proposed to be raised by way of impost : so that 
tho' the debts exist, they are removed from this to another fund. 
To know then the amount of this surplus, the committee extended 
their enquiries to the sums actually received under this requisition, 
the pnrposes to which they have been applied, and the anticipations 
therflof still nnsatinfied. They found that 1,486,511.71, only of 
the eight millions of dollars had been received at the treasury at thi 
dote of the year 1783 ; that these had been applied to the services of 
the years 1782 and 1783, and that for other services of the samo 
years, debts were contracted to the amount of about one million of 
ooUan more, which depend for their discharge on further receipts 
wider this requisition ; a statement of the expenditures of which 
aama should be made out and forwarded to the legislatures of the 
Mveral states. Your committee then are of opinion that a surplus 
erf 6,513,488.28 dollars will remain of this requisition, after 
aaswering all the demands which actually arose against it, which 
wore not answered by other means, nor transferred to other funds; 
and that this surplus ought to [be] applied so far as it will go, to tho 
common purposes of the United States, so as to prevent new requi* 
■itions on them till tho old shall have been exhausted, and to shew 
to those who may have paid their whole quota of any requisition, 
that they will not be called on anew till all the other states shall in 
like manner have paid up their quotas. 

Tour committoo found also that there was a requisition of 
Congress of October 16, 1782, for two millions of dollars for tho 
services of the year 1783, on which some small payments had been 
tendered, but that tho superintendant of finance had found it better 
to receive and credit them as part of the eight millions. They are 



tooordingly oomprohended in the sum before stated to have been 
paid in under that head. 

Having thus stated the demands existing against the stateSy the 
eommittee would have performed but half their duty, had they 
passed over unnotioed their condition to pay them. Their abililioa 
most be measured in weighing their burthens. Their ereditOfB 
themselves will view them just relieved from the ravages of prsi^ 
datory armies, returning from an attendance o» campS| to the 
oulture of their fields— beginning to sow, but not yet having reaped^ 
exhausted of necessaries and habitual comforts, and therefore needing 
new supplies out of the first proceeds of their labour. Forbearanoa 
then, to a certain degree, will suggest itself to them. OongreBS 
entrusted with the dispensation of justice between the public and its 
creditors will suppose both parties desirous thai Iheir mutual situa* 
tions should be considered and accommodated. Tour committee are 
of opinion that if the whole balances of the two requisitions of oichl 
and of two millions, should be rigorously called into payment within 
the course of the present year, a compliance with such call would 
produce much distress ; and that a proportion short of this should 
be fixed on, within the reach of the least as well as of the most able 
states. They propose therefore that the states be required to 
furnish within the course of the present year, such part of their 
deficiencies under the requisition of eight millions, as, with their 
payments to the close of the last year, will make up one-half of their 
original quota thereof. And that these payments be appropriated 
in conformity with the statement in the first part of this report, 
giving generally, where accommodation cannot be effected amonff 
the several objects, a preference according to the order in whicE 
they are arranged in the said statement. 

But while this proportion of former deflciencies is of neeessity 
called for, under the pressure of demands which will admit neither 
denial nor delay, and the punctual compliance of every state is 
expected, to enable the federal administration with certainty to 
satisfy these demands, it is earnestly and warmly recommended to 
the abler states, to go as far beyond this proportion in specie, as 
their happier situation will admit ; under an assurance, that such 
further contributions will be applied towards discharging the public 
debt agreeably to the preceding statement, and will be placed to 
their credit in the next requisitions, with interest thereon from the 
time of payment : and also that before any further demand is made 
upon the states, under the requisition for two millions of dollars, or 
the requisition for eight millions of dollars. Congress will revise the 
quotas of the several states mentioned in the said requisitions 
respectively, and will make them agreeable to justice, upon the best 
information Congress may have when such demand is made. But 
as all our exertions will probably fall short of their full object, in 
that case it is believed that the public creditors seeing the load of 
interest accumulated during the war, greater than can be discharged 


in the first joar of peace, will be coDtentcd for the present, to 
receive the earlier part of these arreon, and to rely fur the xeBidue 
on the efforts of the eosaing year. 

Individiial Btates have at times thought it hard that while, in their 
0m opinion, they were in advance for the United States on accoante 
•sistin^ and nnsettled between them, they should yet be called on 
to famish actual contributions of money. The committe ol»erve in 
answer to this, first, that almost every state thinks itself in advance ; 
■nd secondly, that it has been the constant wish of Congress that 
these accounts should be settled, and the contributions of each bo 
known and credited. They have accordingly taken measures, and 
will continue their endeavours to effect these settlements : And as a 
ftuther encouragement to hasten this desireable work, the committee 
are of opinion Congress should declare, that so soon as these accounts 
shall be settled, and it shall appear in favour of what states balances 
arise, such states shall have credit for the same in the requisitions 
next ensuing. 

Bat it wiU. be necessary to remind the states that no materials 
have yet been furnished to enable Congress to adjust the ultimate 
ratio in which the expenditures of the late war shall be apportioned 
on the states. The confederation directs that this shall be regulated 
by the value of the lands in the several states with the buildings and 
imprOTements thereon. Experiments made however since the date 
of that instrument, for the purposes of ordinary taxation, had 
induced doubts as to the practicability of this rule of apportionment ; 
yet Congress thought it their duty to give it fair trial, and recom- 
mended to the several states on the 17th February, 17b3, to furnish 
an account of their lands, buildings and number of inhabitants, 
whereon they might proceed to estimate their respective quotas : but 
apprehending that the incompetence of the rule would immediately 
shew itself, and desirous that no time should be unnecessarily lost, 
thev followed it with another recommendation of the 18th of April, 
1788, to substitute in lieu of that article in the confederation 
another, which should make the number of inhabitants, under 
certain^ modifications, tbo measure of contribution for each state. 
Both these propositions are still under reference to the several 
legislatures; the latter accompanied by the earnest wishes, and 
preference of Congress, under full conviction that it will be found 
m event as equal, more satisfactory, and more easy of execution : 
the former only pressed if the other should be rejected. The 
committee are informed that the states of Connecticut, New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania and South-Carolina, have acceded to the alteration 
proposed ; but have no evidence that the other states have as vet 
decided thereon. As it is necessary that the one or the other 
measure should be immediately resorted to, they are of opinion it 
should be recommended to the legislatures which have not yet 
decided between them, to come to decision at their next meeting. 

In order to present to the eye a general view of the several 



existiDg requisitions, and of the pftyments made under them, the 
eommittee has subjoined th^ in the form of a table, wherein the 
Ist column enumerates the states ; the 2d the apportionment of the 
1,200,000 dollars ; the 8d that of the 8 millions; the 4th that of 
the 2 millions ; the 5th the sums paid by the several states in part 
of their respective quotas to the last^ay of the year 1788 } and the 
6th the sums now required to make up one-half of their respeoUva 
quotas of the 8 millions, expressed in dollarS| tenths and hanoredthi 
of dollars. 




Paid of the Sums nowf 




8 m. before 

required to 

of the 

of the 8 

of the 2 

Dec'ber 81, 

make ^ U 






the 8m. 






















































174,000 1.307,694 























Retdvedj That Congress agree to the said report 
April 28, 1784. 

Congress resumed the eonsideration of the report of the grand 
committee, appointed to report the arrearages of interest, &o., so Ht 
as respected facilities, and the paragraph being amended to read aa 
follows — 

It remained lastly to consider, whether no facilities might be 
given to the payment of these sums by the several states The 
committee observed that of the purposes for which money is wanting, 
about three-fourths can be answered by nothing but money itself; 
but that the other fourth, consisting of interest on our domestio 
debt, may be efifccted by procuring a discount of the demand in the 
hands of the holders ; an operation which will be shorter, and less 
impoverishing to the state. And however, in times of mater 
plenty^ the accuracy of fiscal administration might require all trans- 
actions to be in actual money, at the treasury itself ; yet till our 
constituents shall have some respite from their late difficulties, it 
behoves us to prefer their easement. The committee are therefore 
of opinion that the several legislatures may be aditaitted so to mode 


tbe oolleetion of the sums now called for, that the threo-fourtha of 
of iDj sam being paid in actual money, the other fourth may be 
^iaobftrged by procuring discounts of interest with our domestic 
creditors ; always taking care that the coHection of money shall 
imeeed at least in threefold proportion with the operations of dis- 
€OBnt. And to ascertain the evidences of discount which shall be 
IMeifable in lieu of money, the holders of loan office certificates 
•hall be at liberty to carry them to the office from which they issued; 
Mid the holders of certificates of other liquidated debts of the United 
8lite0| to carry the same to the loan office of that State wherein the 
debt was contracted, and to have the interest due thereon settled 
andeertified to the last day of the year 1782; for which interest the 
bra officer shall give a certificate in such form, and under such cau- 
tioD8 and instructions, as the superintendant of finance shall transmit 
to him; which certificates of interest being parted with by the 
holder of the principal, shall be deemed evidence that he has received 
aatiafaction for the same, and therefore shall be receivable from the 
bmer, within the same State, and from the State when obtained 
from the bearer, in lieu of money in the proportion before stated ; 
which payment in certificates by the State into the public treasury, 
in the proportion that each State avails itself of the facilities, shall 
ha considered as a discharge of so much of the interest due upon the 
domestic debt, so that the three-fourths or greater proportion, if any 
State should not avail itself of the facilities in the degree hereby 
admitted, paid in money at the same time shall be applied, according 
to the above statement, giving preference to the discharge of the 
ezpenoea of internal government, and the interest due upon tho 
Ibreign debt. And where loan office certificates, issued after tho 
fint day of March, 1778, shall be presented to the loan officer, they 
AM be reduced to their specie value, according to the resolutions 
of Congress of June 28, 1780, that specie value expressed on some 
pari of the certificate, and tho interest thereon settled and certified 
aa in other cases. 
Bewlvedf That Congress agree to the same. 

April 29, 1784. 

Congress took into consideration the report of a grand committee, 
to whom was referred tho report of a committee on the subject of 
western territory, and thereupon came to the following resolution-^ 

Congress by their resolution of September 6, 1780, having thought 
it adviseable to press upon the States having claims to the Western 
country, a liberal surrender of a portion of their territorial olaims, 
by that of the 10th of October, in the same year, having fixed con- 
ditions to which the union should be bound, on receiving such 
CMsions. And having again proposed the same subject to those 
States in their address of April 18th, 1783, wherein, stating the 
national debt, and expressing their reliance for its discharge, on the 
proapeot of vacant territory^ in aid of other leaouzooBi they, fot that 


pnrpose, as well as to obviate disagreeable oontrovenies and oonfo* 
MODS, iDoluded in the same rcoommendatioDy a renewal of thoae ef 
September the Gth, and of October the 10th, 1780; which aerend 
reoommendations have not jet been fully oomplied with : 

Resolved^ That the same subject be again presented to the atteDtioft 
of the said States, that they be urged to consider that the war bm 
now brought to a happy termination by the personal servioas of cor 
0oldierS| Uie supplies of property by our oitiaenSi and loans of money 
from them as well as from foreigners ; these several crediCora have 
a right to expect that funds shall be provided on which they may 
rely for indemnification ; that Congress still consider vacant territoiy 
as an important resource : And that therefore the said States be 
earnestly pressed, by immediate and liberal cessions, to forward thcM 
necessary ends^ and to promote the harmony of the union. 


An Alphabetical List of all Persons attainted of 
niGH Treason, in pursuance of the Treason Lavs 
FOR the State of Pennsylvanu. 

Allen, John, died before the day limited for the surrender. 

Allen, Andrew, late member of Congress. 

Allen, William, Junior, late Capt & Lt Colo, in American Army. 

Austin, William, yeoman, late keeper of the New Jersey Ferry. 

Armstrong, Francis, of Sadsbnry in Chester Co., dealer in honea. 

Armstrong, William, of do. do. Bhoemake& 

Airey, John, late of the Post Office, Phila. 

Ashbridge, Aaron, waterman, Chester, discharged* 

Andrews, William, fuller, Darby, Chester County. 

Anderson, William, labourer, of Ridley, Chester County. 

AUen, James, surrendered ft died. 

Allen, Isaac, atty. at law, Trenton, New Jersey. 

Adams, John, silk weaver, Nortliem Liberties. 

Arthur, Peter, house carpenter, Southwark. 

Aspden, Matthias, of Philada. City, meroh. 

Arnold, Benedict, Majr. Gonl., &Ca. 

Anderson, Stephen, yeoman, late of New Garden, Chester Co. 

Adams, Jonathan, Snulfm^ker, Gerai;intown Township, Philada. Co. 

Adama, Susannah, his wife. 


BIddle, John, late of Berks Co., yeoman. 
Bertram, Alexander, of Philada , merchant 
Biles, Samuel, late Sherifif, Bucks Co. 
Bulla, Thomas, of Chester Co., husbdm. * 
Brakcn, James, of Tyrone Township, York County. 
Brookes, Bowyer, surrendered & discharged. 
Badge, Thomas, of Philada., tallow chandler. 
Bulla, jQho, aarrondered ft discharged. 


;Bnijy John, sohooloiMter, Uta Constable, Philada. City. 
Bramhall, Thomas, Button maker, Philada. 
Brown, John, surrendered & discharged. 
Bnekinghara, John, lobonrer, Passyuik. 
Bolton, Joseph, tried k acquitted. 
Bvtoher, John, hosbdm., Blockley, Philada. Co. 
Biyan, Joel, Haycock, Bucks oo., surrendered. 
Buns, George, weaver, Plumstead, Bucks oo. 
Balderstone, Mordeeai, surrendered & discharged. 
Brown, H^lUam, Cooper, Solebury, Bucks Co. 
Borrows, Samuel, labourer. Upper WakeAold, Bucks Co. 
Boatman, Oeorge, labourer, Upper Wakefield, do. 
Brown, Bezgomin, of Falls Township, Bnoks Co., hosbdm. 
Brown, John, a carpenter, Bristol, surrendered & ^soharged. 
Briggs, George, do. 

Bartow, Thomas, do. 

Bean, Jesse, do. 

Bnffington, Jaeob, Carpenter, West Bradford, Chester Co. 
Bollock, Isaac, labourer, Concord, Chester. 
Bomett, John, surrendered & discharged. 
Bell, Samuel, surrendered ft discharged. 
Bnrk, Isaac, labourer, Providence, Chester County. 
Boms, Thomas, . do. 

Bell, William, labonrw, Newton, Chester Co. 
Brown, James, of Haverford, Chester Co., wheelwright 
Bard, John, Butoher, Philada. 
Burr, Hudson, hatter, Philada. 
Borkett, John, waterman, do. 

Bark, John, Taylor, of the Manor of Moreland, Philada. Co. 
Barge, David, blacksmith, Solebury, Bucks Co. 
Barrow, Samuel, of Barre, Bedford Co., yeoman. 
Bartlett, John, late Clerk in the Custom House, Philada. 
Booth, Bei^amin, of Philada., mercht. 
Bond, Phineas, atty. at law, Philada. 
Brown, George, labourer, Buckingham, Bucks Co. 
Boyer, Jacob, yeoman, Doanegal, Lancaster Co. 
Bare, Abraham, yeoman, Eiarle Township, Lancaster Co. 
Bnffington, Joshua, tried & acquitted. # 

Bnffington, Richard, senior, of £ast Bradford, Chester Co , ycoraan. 
Blackford, Martin, of Warrington, York Co., yeoman. 


Carlisle, Abraham, house carpenter, Cky Philada. 

Clifton, Alftred, Gentlem., City Philada. 

Coxe^ Tench, surrendered & discharged. 

Clifton, William, do. 

Compton, William, do. 

Corry, Robert, do. 

Christy, William, mason, of Ilorsehim, Philada. Connty. 

Carver, Nathan, wheelwright. Upper Dublin, Philada. 

Conrad, Robert, mason, Norrington, Philada. Co. 

Coxe, Daniel, late of Trenton in New Jersey. 

Chalmers, James, late of Philada , & late of Kent county, Maryland. 

Couper, Robert, trader, of Philada. City. 

Chevalier, John, surrendered & discharged. 

Club, James, mariner. City of Philada. 

Cunningham, Juhn, sarr*d k disch*d. 


Carry, Ross, Oentl'n, late Lt. in the American armj, late of Philad. (Mj. 

Craig, James, surrendM & disoh'd. 

Connor, Michael, meroh't, Philada. 

CoIyj, Robert, Jun'r, sadler, Buckinghain, Backs Coonty. 

Cablo, John, sorrend'd & disoh'd. 

Canby, Joseph, laboarer, Upper Wakefd, Bocks. 

Canby, Thomas, blacksmith, do. 

Campbell^ Arthur, laboarer, BristoL 

Chapman, Samuel, tried & acq'd. 

Chapman, Amos, hasbdm., Wright's Town Township, Books Covmtj. 

Chapman, Abraham, Cooper, of do. do. 

Chapman, DaTid, miller, of do- do. 

Clark, Abraham, sorr'd k disch'd. 

Chypher, Jacob, miller, Tredyffiin, Chester Co. 

Caldwell, William, hasbdm., of Darby,^ Chester Co.' 

Clark, William, laboarer. Providence Chester Co. 

Crickley, Michael, laboarer, of Haverford, Chester Co. 

Caslan, William, laboarer of East Pennsboroogh, Comb'd Co. 

Croghan, George, sorrend'd & disch'd. 

Colston, John, stocking weayer, Philada. 

Comely, Joseph, yeoman, of Manor of Moreland, Philad. Co. 

Campbell, John, yeoman, Emmerson's Valley, Camberl'd Co. 

Campbell, William, do. do. do. 

Campbell, Peter, Cientl'n, of Trenton, in New Jersey. 

Clark, John, late Sheriff's Clerk, North'n Liberties. 

Crookjson, Dennis, lumber merch't, Soothwaric, (not attainted,) &oharged 

by Proclamation of Council, 1779. 
Corker, William, Cooper, Northern Liberties. 
Corbet, Alexander, yeoman, of Wakefield, Bocks County. 

Doch^, Jacob, jonior, late of Philada. City. 

Desbong, Peter, tried & acqoitted. 

Dawson, David, of Chester Co., hosbandman. 

Delapl^n, James, surr'd & disch'd. 

Davis, James, do. 

Davis, Benjamin, hatter, Philada. 

Dover, Robert, surr'd & disch'd. 

Doan, Joseph, laboarer, Plumstead, Bucks Co. 

Dennis, Henry, Shipwright, Solebury, Bucks Co. 

Dennis, John, wheelwright, do. 

Doble, Joseph, of Falls Township, Bucks Co., hosb 

De Normandie, Andrew, Doct'r, BristoL 

De Normandie, William, labourer, do. 

Davis, William, tried & acq'd. 

Davis, George, Springfd, Chester Co., husbdm. 

Dunn, William, labourer, Proridenoe, Chester Co. 

i)unn, George, surr'd & disch'd. 

Dunn, Malin, Taylor, Providence, Chester Co. 

Dunn, George, do. do. 

Dennis, John, Joiner, Richland, Bucks Co. 

Delong, James, yeoman, Emmerson's Valley, Cumb'd Co. 

Dolston, Isaac, yeoman, of Wyoming Township, North'd Co. 

Dolston, Matthew, do. do. 

Dolston, Isaac, Jon'r, do. do* 


, Abtl, Eiqr., uUj. at law, Fhilada. 
Xw^ Ofwild, of the North*n Libertiei. 
Xwis, Israd* nnith. Upper Dublin, PhiUdfti 
Brans, ^lliam, carpenter, Norrington, Philada. County. 
Xvans, Joel, merchL„ Ciij Philada. 
Eatton, Dennis, laboorer, Bnckingham, Backs Co. 
Xllwood, John, of Bristol, tried, oonTioted, under tentttioa of deatl^ k 

pardoned July 16th, 1780, by Council. 
Idwards, Joseph, surr'd k disoh'd. 
nfinger, Henry, Jun*r, do. 
XUiott^ Matthew, Ind'n Trader, of Westm'd Co. 
Bvana, WilUam, Carpenter, Philada. 
Evana, John, do. do 

Elliott, Andrew, of New Tork. 
Enaor, Oeorge, Cooper, Southwark. 
Eddy, Charles, Ironmonger, of Philada. City. 
Eddy, Thomas, do. do. 

ErwiDy £dward,^or /rwtn, of Rye Township, Cumb'd Co^ 

Fonts, Christian, Lanc'r County, late Lt Colo, of Mliltia. 

ftegiuon, Hugh Henry, Estate of Gmme park vested by law in his wife. 

Visher, Coleman, son of William Fisher, Esqr. of Philada. 

Usher, James, surr'd k disch'd. 

Fegan, Lawrence, Innkeeper, North'n Liberties. 

FeU, WiUiam, weaver, Buckingham, Bucks Co. 

Featherby, Thomas, miller, of Solebury, Bucks Co. 

Fklkenston, Abraham, labourer. Providence, Chester Coun^. 

Forsuer, Andrew, labourer, of Allen Township, Cumb'd Co. 

Fields, C^rge, yeoman, Wioming Town^p, North'd Co. 

Fields, Daniel, do. do. 

Fields, Gilbert, do. do. 

Fnmer, Morris, do. do. 

Fnmer, Edward, do. do. 

Fslkenstone, Jacob, yeoman, of Passyunk, Philada. Coonty. 

Fleming, Low, yeoman, Mount Bethel, North'd Co. 

Fox, John, cuUer, of Philada. City. 

Fox, Joseph, blacksmith, of do. 

Fftiriand Samuel, yeoman, of Chester Borou|^. 

Flncher, Bez\jamin, yeoman, of New Garden, Chester Co. 

GaHoway, Joseph, late member of Congress. 

Oarrigues, Samuel, the elder, tried k acquitted. 

Griffith, Evan, of York Co., husbandman. 

Green, Isaac, Jun*r, East Cain, Chester Co., husb'n, sentenced k pardoned 
by Council, July 6th, 1781, if he went without Bo. on B. the Frigate 
Trumbull for the war, k serve throughout; sentenced at Philip, 
July 17th, 1781 , prays a pardon without the above oondition, dismissed, 

Garrigues, Samuel, Jr., surr. k disoh. 

Gibbs, Be^amin, do. 

Gregson, James, do. 

Gregory, David, mariner, Southwark. 

Gilmore, James, of Falls Township, Bnoks Co., ha 


Gosling, John, Barr'd & disoh'd. 
Good, George, labourer, Providence, Chester Co. 
Grissel, Edward, oonvicted & pardoned bj Gonneily July 8tti, 1780. 
Gill, Joseph, malster, Chester Township. 
Gorman, James, sorr'd & disch'd. 
Gorman, Enoch, do. 

Girtj, Simon, Indian Interpreter, of Westm'd Go. 
Girtj, James, labourer, do 

Green, Thomas, yeoman, Hatfield, Philada. Co. 
Gibson, Edward, jeoman, Emmerson's Valley, Camb'd Go. 
Greswold, Joseph, distiller, North'n Liberties. 
Gordon, Thomas, yeoman, of Oxford, Philada. Co. 
Giyin, Hugh, labourer, Tyrone, Camb'd Co. 

Gordon, Henry or Harry, military officer in the British terrioe, Inie of 
Kennety Chester Co. 

Hicks, Gilbert, of Bucks County, yeoman. 

Hook, Christian,' atty., City Philada. 

Hanlon, Edward, cooper A vintner, in City Philada. 

Hovendon, Richard, Newtown Township, Bucks Co., trader. 

Holder, John, tri^d & acq'd. 

Holder, Jacob, of^Norih'n Co., labourer. 

Holder, George. *" do. do. pardoned by Cooneil, Jum 7| 1779. 

Holsinger, Ingelholt, of Lancaster County, husbdm'n. 

Humphreys, James, sen'r, surr'd & discharged. 

Humphrey, James, jun'r, printer, Philada. City. 

Hart, John, surr*d & disch'd. 

Hart, Chamless, do. 

Howard, Peter, do. 

Hathe, Andrew tried & acquitted. 

Huntsman, John, do. 

Hurst, Timothy, of Chester Co., Gentl'n. 

Hales, John, stable keeper, Philada. 

Henderson, John, marine, Philada. 

Henry, Hugh, Ign's Bill & discharged. 

Hill, John, surr'd & disch'd. 

Howel, John, labourer, Solebury, Bucks Co. 

Hendrickson, Jeremiah, labourer, Solebury, Bucks Co. 

Harvey, John, labourer, Upper Wakefield, Bucks Co. 

Hill, Henry, of Falls Township, Bucks County, husbdm. 

Hains, Caleb, weaver, Goshen, Chester Co. 

Hart, Samuel, labourer. East Bradford, Chester Co. 

Hartnet, James, tried & acquitted. 

Henry, William, Taylor, Providence, Chester Co. 

Hardy, Peter, husbdm., of Mount Bethel, North'd Co. 

Hughes, Uriah, surr'd k disch'd. 

Hutchinson, Isaac, New Britain, Bucks County, yeoman. 

Hutchinson, Thomas, do. do. 

Hutchinson, Marmaduke, do. do. 

Hare, Jacob, yeoman, Barree, Bedford Co. 

Hare, Michael, do. do. 

Hill, Patrick, yeoman, of Wyoming Township, North'd Co. 

Hutchinson, John, yeoman, Kingsessing, Philada. Co. 

Harvey, Samuel, yeoman, Upper Wakefield, Bucks Co. 

Housecker, Nicholas, yeoman, Lebanon, Lancaster Co. 

Haghes, ThomM, yeoman, Augnsta, North'd County. 


I andJ. 

il«y Robert, Jun'r, of Horaham Township, PhilAcU. Co., Uboror. 

ito^^Thomu, do. do. do. 

H^ JmoIi, of Ckiheii, Chester Co., Innkeeper. 

m, AbeU eorr'd ft disoh'd. 

ito. Abrahftm, sarrejor, Philada. Co., (Horsham.) 

m, Alexander, of East Pennsborough, Cumb'd Co., Carter. 

is, James, trader, Citv of Philada. 

laton, Jolm, Coaehmaker, Philada. 

B« Donning, Trader, Philada. 

viM, Samuel, sorr'd & discharged. 

lUiiy Henry, Trader, Philada. 

Bi, Benjamin, Cooper, Concord, Chester. 

John, hosbdm., of Mount Bethel, North'd County. 

n, Francis, Carter, East Pennsborough, Cumb*d Co. 

m, David, Tarem keeper & Constable, Philada. , surrend'd. 

■, Edward, Hilton, Ducks Co., yeoman. 

■, Jonathan, do. do. 

Ug Jease, Bensalem, Bucks Co., labourer. 

i^ Daniel, yeoman, Moreland Township, Philada. Co. 

i^ Helton, Hatter, of Germontown Township, Philada. Co. 

i^ Hugh, of Cushiokton Settlement, North 'd Co., yeoman. 

i^ Daniel, yeoman, of Moreland, in Philada. County. 

■on, John, East Blarlbourough, Chester County, yeoman. 

It B^ynold, pardoned by act of Assembly. 

kar, Lodowick, surr*d & disch'd. 

kti» Joshua, of Abingdon Township, Philada. Co., Blaoksmith. 

hi, John, Tanner. 

hU Isaac, surr*d & disch'd. 

Bfy Samuel, of North*n Co., husbdn. 

ar, John, do. do. 

hty Nicholas, lime burner, Plymouth, Philada. Co. 

Mtt, Levy, labourer, Solebury, Bucks Co. 

«47ff William, labourer, of Springfiold, Chester Co. 

lok, Robert, of Ilaverford, Chester Co. 

ff Lawrence, Cooper, East Pennsborough, Cumb'd CO. 

«rd, Joseph, labourer, Plumsteod, Bucks Co. 

, Joseph, yeoman, Path Valley, Cumb'd Co. 

ilman, Frederick, surrend'd & disch'd. 

vpar, Ctoorge, Baker, of Philada. City. 

uej, John, Qentrn, son of Dr. Kearsley, of North'n Libertiea. 

laidf Joseph, labourer, Plumstead, Bucks County. 

isly, Thomas, surr'd & disch'd. 
, WilUam, late of The Township of Tork, Tork Co. 
Henry, surr'd & disch'd. 
John, do. 

Robert, do. 

B, Curtis, Blacksmith, Ei»st Cain., Chester Co. 
iff Robert, shoemaker, Philada. 


w Lindon, Hugh, Bohoolmaster, Bnokingham, Bucks Co. 
Lindy, Uriah, labourer, Solebury, Bucks Co. 
LcoBg^ Abraham, husbdn., of Mount Beth^ Northampton Co. 
Lawson, James, husbdn*, of Lower Smithfield, North'n COb 
Loughborough, John, Uaoksmith, of Moreland Manor, PhiUkkL Ga. 
Little, James, yeoman, of Emmerson's Valley, Cumb'd Co., 
Land, Robert, late Justioe of thePeaoe^ CushicktonSettlem'^ Nttrth'aCo^ 
Land, John of same place. 
Lightfoot, Thomas, 8nrr*d & disch'd. 
Lindsay, Samuel, yeoman, of Guilford Township^^^Ciiiiib'dCau 


Miler, Peter, tried ft acquitted. 

Marchinton, Philip, Trader, City Pa. 

Moland, William, surr*d« 

McHugh, Matthew, surr*d ft dischM. 

McCullough, Kenneth, late of Philada., yeoman. 

Meng, M^chior, surr*d ft disoh'd. 

Meng, Jacob, tried ft acquitted. 

McMurtrie, William, surr*d ft disoh'd. 

Morris, William, mariner, late Constable City Philad*i . 

Mayer, Jacob, surr'd ft cBsch'd. 

Moran, Charles, Shipwright, Southwl^ 

Michenor, Isaac, labourer, Plnmsted, Bucks Co. 

MoMullan, James, laborer, Solebury, Bucks Co. 

Martin, Thomas, Cooper, Falls Township, Bucks Co. 

Moulder, John, Waterman, Chichester, Chester Co. 

Malin, Joseph, tried ft acq*d. 

Malin, Elisha, Joiner, East Whitehead, Chester Co., pardoned. 

Millsott, John, (say William,) taylor. Concord, Chester. 

Madock, William, Tayem keeper, Proridence, Chester Co. 

Malin, James, surr'd & disch'd. 

Miller, Beigamin, do. 

MusgroTe, John, Trader, Darby, Chester* Co. ' 

McClarin, James, labourer, Sprhigfield, Chester Co. 

Maris, David, Taylor, Newton, Chester Co. 

Morgan, Moses, hnsbdn., of Mount Bethel, North*n Co. 

Mars, Lawrence, do. do. do. 

McMichael, Edwd., husbdn, of Lower Smithfd, North'n Co. 

McCart, John, distiller ft labourer, East Pennsborough, Cumb'd Co 

McKee, Alexander, Indian Trader of Westm'd Co. 

Marshall, William, surr'd & dfsch'd. 

Morris, Enoch, wheelwright, Hilltown, Bucks Co. 

Magee, Henry, surr'd ft disch'd by name of H. Maag. 

McNeal, Dominick, yeoman, Tuscarora, Cumb'd Co. 

Mackinett, John, Merch*t, North'n Liberties. 

Maokiness, Thomas, Trader, Northern Liberties. 

Meredith, John, labourer, of New Brittain, Bucks Co. 

McDonald, Alexander, yeoman. Bye Township, Cumb'd Co. 

McKenzie, Kenneth, do. do, do. 

McPherson, William, blacksmith, Tyrone, Cumb'd Co. 

Nixon, Boberty yeoman, of Lock Township, Cumb'd Co. 


Oiwftlt* Henry, house eerpe&ter, NoHbampton Go. 
{ySiain^ Hugh, Ubourer, Springfield, Chester Co. 
O^K^n, Dftrt^,' do. do. do. 

Of«AoU» Jolm, of TixdoQin Township, Books Co. 

Potti, John, of Philada. County, yeoman. 

Pa^ James, of North'n Co., hnsbdm. 

Pa|^, Hugh, of do. do. 

Priee, William, of Philada., meroh't. 

Pianobk, John, of Philada., yeoman. 

Potts, DaTid, sorr'd & dischU 

Pastorins, Abraham, of Oermantown Township, Tanner. 

Paricer, John, labourer, Plymouth, Philada. County. 

Frle, Caleb, surr*d & disehU 

rike, John, do. 

Palmer, John, do. 

Priee, Peter, lab*r, Middleton, Bucks Co. 

Poor, John, tried & aoquitted. 

Park, Ab^ah, Baet Bradford, Chester Co. 

PkDOtor, Joshua, labourer, Newton, Chester Co. 

Palmer, Riohard, surr'd & disch'd. 

Periie, Peter, yeoman, Durham, Buoks Co. 

Patterson, John, surr'd & disoh'd.* 

Files, William, mariner, of Philada. City. 

Proetor, Joshua^ yeoman. New Garden, Chester Co. 

Pazton, Joseph, of Middleton, Buoks Co., yeoman. 


Banldn, James, of Tork County, yeoman. 
Boberts, John, of Lower Merlon, Philada. Co., ndller. 
Rankin, John, of Tork Co., husbandman. 
Roberts, Owen, of North'n Co., Saw mill man. 
Relne, George, of Earl Township, Lano'r Co., miller. 
Reine, John, of Lano'r Co., husbdn. 
Roes, Maloolm, of Philada. 
RiAer, Thomas, of do. 
Riddle, James, surr*d & disoh'd. 
Robeson, Peter, do. 

Robeson, Jonathan, Jr., son of Jona. Robeson, of Whitemarsh, Phila. Co. 
Roberts, John, Smith, of Upper Dublin, Philada. Co. 
RIehardson, Jacob, surr'd & disch'd. 
Romigh, Joseph, of North'n Countv, yeoman. 
Rodgers, John, labourer, Plumsted, Bucks Co. 
Rickey, Alexander, labourer, of JLower Wakefield, Buoks Co. 
Register, Daniel, surr'd & disch'd. 

Rymel, John, husbdn., of Mount Bethel Township, North'n Co. 
Ross, William, cordwainer, in Walnut street, Philada. 
' Rnssel, Matthew, yeoman, of Wyom'g Township, North'd Co. 
Rhodden, William, mariner, Bouthwark. 
Roberts, Nathan, yeoman, Bristol Township, Philada. County. 
Robeson, John, cordwainer, Whitpalne Township, Philada. Co. 
Rundle, Daniel, surr'd & disch'd. 


Beld, John, military officer in British serriee, late of Tinicum, Bucks Go. 
B<^ Alexander, yeoman, of The Township of Pitt, WestmM Go. 
Bankin, William, yeoman, Ute a Golo. of militiai Nowbttrxy, York Chk • 


Shoemaker, Samnel, late Alderman of The Gty of Fhilada. 

Story, Enoch, merch't, Gity Philada. 

Stephenson, James, Baker, in Philada. 

Smith, John, late guager port of Philada." 

Skyles, Henry, of Ghester Gounty, husbdn. 

Swanwick, John, late of the Gustom House, Phil*., & late of Ghester Co. 

Sutton, Joseph, of North'n Go., husbandman. 

Sanderson, Frauds, surr'd & <tisch'd. 

Sproat, David, of Philada. 

Story, Thomas, surr*d & disch'd. 

Stephens, James, tried & acquitted. 

Stedman, Gharles, junior, Esqr., att'y, Philada. 

Shepherd, John, stable keeper, Philada. 

Sutter, Peter, surr'd & disch'd. 

Saur, Christopher, junr., of German Town TTownahip, printer. 

Sanr, Christopher, senior, do. do. 

Shoemaker, Joseph, surr'd & disch'd. 

Snpplee. Enoch, farmer, Norrington, Philada. Co. 

Styger, Stephen, surr'd & disch'd. 

Stilea, Edward, do. 

Swanwick, Bichard, of Chester Co., late of the Custom Howse, Philada. 

Skyles, Henry, of Lancaster Co., yeoman. 

Smyther, James, Engrayer, Gity Phila. 

Stansbury, Joseph, surr'd & disch'd. 

Spangler, George. Trader, Philada. 

Saur, Peter, Printer, Germantown Township, Philad*. Co. 

Styer, Stephen, surr'd & disch'd. 

Skelton, William, labourer, Solebury, Bucks Co. 

Stackhouse, John, husbdn., of Falls Township, Bucks Co. 

Stackhouse, John, husbandman, BristoL 

Swift, Joseph, Gent, late Lt in the king's army, pf Bensalem, Bucks Co. 

Stroud, William, surr'd & disch'd. 

Supplee, John, Ign's Bill & disch'd. 

Smith, William, surr'd & disch'd. 

Spering, John, shoemaker, Eastman, North'n Co. 

Stackhouse, John, husbandman, of Mount Bethel, North'n Co. 

Stackhouse, Bobert, do. do. do. 

Snyder, Peter, do. do. do. 

Smith, Alexander, Blacksmith, Philada. 

Smith, William Drewitt, druggist, Philada. 

Stedman, Alexander, Esq., Gentl'n, of Philada. 

Silkod, Thomas, yeoman, Hatfield, Philada. Co, 

Shaw, Jonathan, late Ensign Gont'l Army, of Bucks Co. 

Smith, Andrew, surr'd & disch'd. 

Still well, John, yeoman, Tusoarora, Cumb'd Go. 

Starks, Henry, yeoman, Wyoming Township, North'd Co. 

Steininger, Henry, (twice proclaimed,) yeoman, Lynn To wn'p, North'd Co. 

Sinclair, George, tanner, of West Gain., Ghester Go. 

Simpson, William, Blacksmith, Tyrone, Cumb'd Co. 



M^ Arttmr, Breeohes maker, City Philad*. 

u^ JoMph, late sab Sheriff, Chester Coonty. 

u^ WOUam, of North'd Co., husbandman. 

■■» Joahna, of do. do. 

y Baajlamiiiy rarr'd & disch'd. 

, BM^amiiky do. 

r, iniliam, do. 

la, Arthur, Joo'r, hatter, Philada. City. 

r, William, shipwright, North'n Liberties. 

John, mariner, Southwark. 

paoB, DaTid, do. 

\ J<^ Chichester, Chester Co., Tayem keeper. 

t| John, wheelwright, Chichester, Chester Co. 

, Jaoob, Blacksmith, Goshen, Chester Co. 

paon, Joshna, Taylor, do. do. 

r. John, Grasier, Ridley, Chester County. 

Oortland, miller, Soleboiy, Backs Co. 

r. Itaae, yeoman, Whitpaine Township, Philada. Co. 

i, James, trader, of Philada. City. 

11^ Sran, labonrer, Uilltown, Backs Co. 

r, John, mmh% City of Philada. 

B, Kaihaniel, late Sheriff Chester Connty. 

By Nathaniel, Jnn'r, laborer, Chester Coanty. 

r^ ftederick, of Philada., yeoman. 

By Gideon, husbdn., Proridenee, Chester Co. 

Pi BHas, snrr'd & disch*d. 

IB, John, hasbdn., of Mount Bethel, North'n Co. 

, Christian, apothecary, of Lancaster Borough. 

I, AlUnson 'or Albertson, of Byberry, Philada. Co., (quere^ BoDs 
lO oardoned by Act of Assembly in case he surrendered. 
, Waiter, late of Southampton Township, Bucks Co. 
I, John, of Huntingdon Township, York Co. 
us, Miohael, of Lancaster Co., innkeeper, pardoned, 
oa. Carpenter, snrr'd & disch'd. 
OBt ItMO, do. 

Bg, Henry, tried & oouTicted, shoemaker, Philada. 
DBi^ William, surr'd & disch'd. 
BU, Bphraim, labourer, Solebury, Bucks Co. 
I, Christopher, husbdn., Ridley, Chester Co., tried & conTicted. 
1, Isaiah, miller, Springfield, Chester Co. 
Moaea, husbdn., of Mount Bethel, North'n Co. 
B, William, miller, of Tork County. 
, Biohard, gunsmith of York County. 

D, John, of Bucks County, couTioted but pardoned by Council, 
f 8lh, 1780. 

.Robert, merch't & mariner, Philada. 
lU, James, Brewer, Philada. 
it| William, dyer of Path Valley, Cumb'd Co. 
B, Kiohard, yeoman, of Franks Town, Bedford Co. 


Weitner, George, yeoman, Wyoming, North'd Co. 

Wertman, Philip, George, (this name twice proclaimed,) yeoman^ Lyna 

Township, North'n Go. 
Williams, Daniel, of Horsham TownsMp, PhHada. 
Walker, Isaac, yeoman, of Laekawaek Settlement, North'n Co. 
Warder, John of Philada. City, meroh't, son of Jeremiah, Dee'd. 
Wain, James, yeoman, Northern Liberties. 
Worihington, Joseph, labourer, (son of BichM Worthington,) BaokiD^huiy 

Bnoks Connty. 
West, William, janior, snrr'd & disch'd. 
Wright, John, Hatfd, Philada. Co. 
Wzi^t^ Jonathan, of Hatfield, Philada. Co., yeoman. 


Tonng, John, late of Grsome Parke, Gentleman. 

TeldiSl, Anthony, surr'd & iiisch'd. 

Tonng, Da?id, hnsbdn., of Monnt Bethel, North'n Co. 

Tork, Thomas, sailmaker of Philada. Cit^. 

Teldall, Anthony, Philada., dmggist, did not (mrrender on 2d prooFn. 

I John Morris, Esquire, Master of the Rolls for the Sl«te of 
PeDnsylTaniai Do Certify that the within List of Names is a tnte 
Extnot from the several Proclamations issaed by the Honomble 
the Supreme Exeontive Goancil of the said State, Snmmonine 
them lespeotively to appear and answer to certain Charges of High 

In Testimony whereof, I have hereto set my Hand ft the Seil 
of my said Office at Philadelphia, the 28th Day of NoYember. 
A. D. 1788. 



23d Feb., 178 i. Alphabetical list of all the persons attunted of 
High Treason, with a state of such as have been acquitted by the 
Supreme Court. 

There were 10 proclamations of last Council, in 1781| for Wm. 

There was a John Taylor of Chester County, one of the within, 
(quere, which,) pardoned by Council, Mav 30th, 1782, provided he 
would take the Oath or affirmation of allegiance to tiie State, and 
give security, as specified, for his behaviour during the war.**" 

Council to Arthur St. Clair, &o., 1784. 


Philadelphia, April 29% 1784. 

Council, upon Considering the exhausted state of the Treasuiy, 

and that the public exigencies were such as to call for an immediate 

supply they have accordingly directed me to call upon you in the most 

pressing manner to expedite the payment of the money now in your 

* See letter of GoTeraor of South Carolina, asking for such a Utt, p. 79. 


landBy and to use yoar utmost endeavours in the Golleotion of such 
It mi^ be outstanding — Gounoil depend muoh on your exertions in 
Uiia business. ^ 

I am, sir, &g. 

1784, April 29th. To Arthur S' Clair, James Mease & Alex' 
Bojd— « Sharp Selany. 


To his Bxoellenoy the President and the Honorable the Exeeutiye 

Council of Uie State of Pennsylvania. 

In Pursuanoe of your appointment, We have obtained from the 
B or v ey or Oeneral a draft of the Ground in which the Barracks in 
the Northern Liberties are erected, and attended a Surveyor to run 
the lines and examine the buildinss ; But as yet we have not pro* 
aeadod so far as to form the several sub-divisions of that Ground, so 
that it might be disposed of to the greatest advantage. 

That it is at present the opinion of divers Inhabitants, as well as 
our own, That it would be most beneficial before the Ground is sub- 
divided. That all the buildings, except the large House in the middle 
of the west front, be disposed of in parcels of one or more Houses, 
obliging the purchasers to pull them down within a limited time, & 
remove the materials — for the following Reasons : — 

lai — ^Xhe Vacant Lots will probably sell much higher than they 
woold were these small buildings to remain, and consequently be 
inhabited by persons most of whom would not make the best of 

2<iy — The Roofs being put on about 26 years ago, and the Shin- 
gles, in a few years more, consequently will be rotten, if they are 
not so in some degree already, bein^ on a very low pitch. 

8ii7 — ^The Bricks, at the present high price, will probably sell for 
as much as new may hereafter be bought for, with the expence of 

41UJ — ^Tiii^t when those buildings are disposed of and torn down, 
the Ground may be sub-divided to much sroater advantage, a sthe 
lines will be unshackled, and no regard need be paid to the present 
partitions of the Bouses, all of which are lathed and plaistered, 
except where the Chimneys are, and in a ruinous Condition, as well 
as the Floors, Window Cases, &c., &c. 

The Consideration of all which we submit to your Excellency and 
the Honorable the Executive Council. And waiting for your further 

We are, with the greatest esteem. 

Tour most Obedient Servants, 


Phikdelphia, AprU 29, 1784. 


Seo'y Armstrong to Ephraim Douolabs, 1784. 

Philad-,*April30, 1784. 

I am directed by Counoil to inform you that they baye reeeiTed 
your Letter of the 10*^ Instant with the Inclorare, ft observe with 
surpriie that the Names of Arnold Porter as Inspector, & Lewis 
Deem ft Charles Porter as Assistant Judges, are all of the tame 
Handwriting. The Return also mentions the Vacancy being occa- 
sioned by dividing the Township of Manallin into three Townships; 
but it does not appear when or by what Authority the said Town- 
ship was ^vided. Council therefore desirei that you would, aanon 
as possible, transmit to this Office a List of the several Townships 
or Districts for choosing a Justice of the Peace. 

Council have also received a Return for Wharton Township, in 
Fayette County, mentioning a Vaoancv, ft signed with the Names of 
Thomas Ramsay, William McClellan ft Moses Hall, all of which are 
of the same Handwriting also. Both these Retnroe are rejected. I 
send up by General Nevill six Copies of a late Law for Justices of 
the Peace. 

I am, sir, with much respect, 
Your most obedient 

and very humble servant, 

JOHN ARMSTRONG, jr., Secn^. 
Directedj — ^To Ephraim Douglass, Esq., Proth'y of Fayette. 

PoRSET Pentecost to Pres. Dickinson, 1784. 

Washington County, May 2-'| 1784. 

This will be handed to your Excellency by Cap^ Hughes ft M' 
Morrison, Officers in late Ranging Washiuffton Com'y. Your Ex- 
cellency will please to remember that Cap^ Hughes was before vonr 
Board to settle the Recruiting ace*, bat, unfortunately, he had lost 
(or at least some of his Subalterns) some of their attestations, which 
they have not yet found, but hold Certificates from the Gentlemen 
who mustered the men, which I hope your Excolloncj will consider 
as sufficient. 

There was an Order from your board directing niat Cap* Stokely, 
of the Westmoreland Rangers, should settle the accounts 'of both 
Comp^; in Consequence of which, M' Morrison, then the com- 
manding Officer of the Washington Rangers, sent his accounts 
with me when last at Philadelphia, to deliver to the Captein, who 
was Expected down in Obedience to y* Order ; -but he never ap- 


peared through the three months that I was in the City, and Conse- 
quently hftd to bring the accounts back unsettled. M' Morrison 
now Expects to settle them himself, and I hope your Excellency 
will please to give Directions accordingly — ^permit me here to TeU 
yea, that M' Morrison is a Very Vigilant oflEicer, and under the 
OlMuraoler of an honest and upright man. 

Tour Excellency will also please to remember, that I informed 
tlie Board that your Orders for discharging Uie Company of this 
Oonniy did not arrive to M' Morrison, until one month after the 
date or time the Compy. should have been discharged ; but that on 
neeiTing the Orders they were immediately discharged ; that during 
this TimCi the Company did duty, and provisions were Issued as 
mmwl, — your Excellency and Council, on this representation, agreed 
to paj to the Gomp'y and Contractor for the superfluous Time of 
Senrice. I only mention this Circumstance to refresh your Excel- 
leney'a memory, and by refering [to] your minutes I presume it will 
be found ; it is matter of fiiot which I hope your Exoellency will 

I have the hon' to be, 

with perfect Esteem & respect, 

T' Exoellenc/s most Obed^i 
Very humb* Serv', 


His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq', Philadelphia. 
Hon' by Lieu* Morrison. 

Pbes. of Conqrbbs to Pbes. D10KIN8OK, 1784. 


I have the Honor to transmit to your Excellency an Act of Con- 
gress of the 27 of April,'*' being a Requisition for the purpose of dis- 
eharging the Arrears of Interest due on the National Debt, &c. Also, 
aiB Act of Congress of the 29^ of April, recommending to the States 
olaiming Western Territory immediate and liberal Cessions thereof. 
I have the Honor to be, 

with the greatest Respect & Esteem^ 
Your Excellency's most 

Obedient and humble Sert| 


Annapolis, May 6<^ 1784. 

His Excellency President Dickinson. 

* See page 242-250. 


Jambs Jaoes to F&bs. Dioeinbok, 1784. 

I hftTe ofasenred that the new CommiMioiM for the Hagbtntsii 
that Council have sent me in order to be reoorded| differ very mveh 
from the old ones since the BeYolationy the former speeifiod a obm- 
miasion of the peaoe^ Common pleas, and Orphans oonrt, bat tha 
latter seems confined^ some to the peace, and others to the oommoii 

There are some Gentlemen here, that are of opinion, that notwtth- 
standing the old Commisnon of the peace, is EafHred agreeable to 
the ConsUtntion, that they remain still a Justice of the Common 
^easy nntill saoh times as Council superseeds them, and thai by 
virtue of their old Commission altho' the seven yeara is past, have 
a right to take acknowledgements of Deeds and sit as Jndges in the 
Ooart of Common pleas — it seems to me that Council an of a di&rent 
opinion by their sending several new commissions of the Oommoa 
pleas to those who were Justices before these seven years past, I 
would therefore request yon would lay the matter before Council, so 
that they would be pleased to send me their opinion concerning the 
premises in order that I may act agreeable to their direction. 
I am sir, with the greatest respect| 
yonr Exoellencys most 

obedient humble servant. 


Lancaster, May 7% 1784. 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, &sq., President of the State of 
Peunsyl*, Philadelphia. 

Letter from James Jacks, Recorder of Lancaster county. 

Christopher Hats to Prbs. Dickinson, 1784. • 

Westmoreland County^ 12^^ May, 1784. 

After my respectful compliments to your Excellency and Family, 
I would beg leave to observe something with regard to our Western 
Country. I am informed by good authority that Indians have killed 
two men about two weeks ago at or near Cross creek on the western 
extremity of this State. And at Kentuoke they have killed, this 
last Spring and Winter about eighteen Persons. 

People seem to be uneasy that nothing appears to be doing with 
respect to a Treaty with the Savages ! 


The late appoiDtment of Lieutenant of the CouDtj of Fayette 
aeema to give the well affeoted to this Gfovemmeni some umbrage I 
aDd I think veir justly I If those we have been eoDtendiog with so 
loogy and after having had so mnch troablo to support the Kights of 
PennsylTania against a People yet enemies in their Hearts to the 
GoremmeDt are to haye their Lands Patented at ten MUinge sterling 
^ Hundred aeres and those who have been good sabjeets and have 
•ofired for their attaohment to the Gbyernment to pay at the rate 
of ten Pounds and they to rule over us into the Bargain, is extra- 
ordinary indeed 1 Suppose no Person had eonteaded for the rights 
of Pennsylvania in this quarter, and universal consent had been 
nined by Virginia, is it probable that you would have effected ample 
^uatiee to the State so readily ? Seeing the manner faithful subjeots 
of Pennsylvania are treated ; would your Ezoelleney wonder if they 
woold be ready to join any party or new State faction that might 
offer f I am persuadod your Excellency must have had matters 
M iarop t e s o nted; It cannot be your Excellency's wish to give the 
least ofFenoe to the good citizens of this Commonwealth. If men of 
Character and Ciroumstanees; men who have borne the burthen 
thro' the War are to be displaced from office and no reasons given, 
no Complaint, no hearing to Justify themselves, If there are, few 
indeed, I may say few that have any Reputation to lose will Care 
to aooept of any office under the Oovemment. 

My kind Compliments to Qeneral Ewing, General Irvine & Col* 

Am Sir with the highest respect. 
Your Excellenoys most obedient 
Humble servant, 


His Excellency John Dickinsoni Esquire, President of the State 
Hon* by Col* Edw* Cook. 

■ • 


• Dickinson, 1784. 


We boff leave to acknowledge the receipt of an official letter from 
your Excellency of the 29*^ of February last* informing us that the 
Supreme Executive Council '< in pursuance of a Resolution of the 
^deneral Assembly of the twenty-fifth of last September had 
''appointed us) in conjunction with William Macla^, B^%) ^^•' 
'' missioners to hold a Treaty with the Indians claiming the unpur- 
'' chased Territory within the acknowledged limits of this State for 
<< the purpose of purchasing the same." 

• CoL Reo., XIV., p. 40. 


Highly sensible of the honour conferred and the Trost reposed in 
ns we should have embraced an earlier opportunity of returning our 
thanks to your Excellency and Council and of communicating with 
you upon the important business of our appointment, but drcum- 
stances occurred soon after the receipt of your letter which made it 
absolutely necessary fStnr M' Maclay to yisit his Vtoily with whom 
he still remains, similar circumstances presented themseWes to Col* 
Atlee since which until yery lately we could not with propriety 
address you on this subject 

Conformably to the Desire of Council as expressed in your Bxcel- 
lencys Letter, of our obtaining the fullest Information as soon as 
possible, of all the circumstances that will be connected with the 
execution of this trust, we beg leave first to observe, That the Indians 
to be treated with are the Six Nations, vis., the Mohawks, Oneidas, 
Tuscaroras, Onondagas, Cayusas, and Senecas, the Shawanees Indians 
and Delawares. With regard to the notices to be communicated to 
them and the persons by whom such notices shall be sent, we con- 
ceifc there would be a great propriety, in these particuk&rs, of acting 
in conjunction with the Continental commissioners. 

We beg leave to suggest that Samuel Weiser Twhose Father was 
much esteemed by the Six Nations and formerly their Interpreter at 
almost every Treaty for a series of years) is considered by us as a 
suitable person not only to serve the notices but to act as an Inter- 
preter, being fully acquainted with their Language k Customs from 
a long residence in their Country and also possessed of their confidenee 
in so high a Degree as even to be adopted among them. 

In regard to the most suitable time & place of holding a Treaty 
you will permit us to observe we entertain an opinion that the power 
of fixing these will be exercized more properly by Congress through 
their Commissioners, but being informed that the continental com- 
missioners have not formed a JBoard at New York through the non- 
attendance of several of the members and that General Butler is now 
on hb way to Congress to make report of the arrangements necessary 
to be made previous to a treaty, we cannot therefore until his Return 
or untill*we shall hear from him eive an answer on this Head with 
any possible precision, unless it shall be the opinion of your Excel- 
lency and Council that we are authorised to negooiate a Bargain with 
the Indians for the unpurchased Lands within the State independent 
of the United States, in which case with Submission we conceive 
!noga or Wyaloosing on the East Branch of Sasquehanna to be the 
most proper place to meet the Six Nations, at the same time we beg 
. leave to remark that the Disposition of the Delawares at the Treaty 
of 1775 at Fort Pitt (and we are informed the same spirit still 
exists,) deariy evinces the necessity of having them present at any 
Bargain we shall make with the Six Nations, the Delawares at that 
Treaty having declared themselves independent of them, so that 
perhaps it may deem'd expedient to have another Council Fire 


kindled to the westward to aooommodate the Delawares, Shawancse 
and such of the Weetera Tribes as may be in any wise interested. 
The prarisiona neoenary to be laid in for the Indians during the 
Treaty we ooneeife should be at the ezpence of the Continent pro^ 
Tided we do not treat aeparatelv, and in req)eot to the form of the 
Treaty moat proper to be adopted, we apprehend it eligible to pursue 
fbrmer preoedents as near aa possible maiw of whieh we are lOready 
poasened o^ presents we presume are hignly neoessary a List of the 
ariiolea together with an estimate of their prioes we shall have the 
honour to lay before yon hereafter. 

. We will just add that sundry eontingent ezpenoes will arise in 
tnnaaotingUiis Business, suoh as hiring Expresses, sending Messon- 

rinto the Indian Countries, proouring Strings & Belts of Wampum 
We therefore submit to the Consideration of Cooneil Uie bum 
wUeh dudl be deemed abeolutely neoessary for these purposes. 

After submitting another opinion whether a joint Commission 
ahould not be made out for us under the Seal sign^ by the president 
in Gounoil we b^ leave to subsoribe ourselves, 

Your Excellency's most obedient 

and very humble servants. 

May 17% 1784. 

Thomas Babclat to P&b. Dickinson, 1784. 

Paris, 17 May, 1784. 


1 do myself the Honor to inclose to Your Exoellenoy the Arret 
of Hia Majest/s Council of State for Confirming the Privileges, 
which the Ports of Dunkirk & Marseilles have for some Time en- 
joyed, and for EsUblishing L' Orient & Bayonne as free Ports. I 
beg leave to refer to the Arret, and remain with great Respect. 

Your Ezoellency's 

most obedient k 

most humble Serv*, 

1784, August 10th. From Thomas Bardayi American Consul 
nt Paris. 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq^ Philadelphia. 


CouiroiL TO PaoTHOiroTAxiBS, 1784. 

Semetary'a Offioe, Pbiladelirfik, Maj 27th, 1764. 

By ArMtion of Coanril I inelote yon some Stinted tbitaa of 
BetWBs of Eleetions fi>r Jnslioes of the Peaoe, whuh yon will Bend 
to the aereral districts in yonr Gonntj. 

GoBDeil desire that no preeept for holding a new Eleefion in any 

distriet be issned nntil after a Taoaney shall liUppen by tiie expira- 

, tion of seyen years from the date of the Commission, ot otherwise as 

Hw law directs. Ton will therefore be pleased to fpn tiie neees- 

sarr infwmation on this head to the aereral districts. 

Ooanal also wish Ton to be partienhriy attentive in the Sistribn- 
tion of the Laws and Minutes of the Gkn. Assembly, as there are 
many eomphunls from diffiarent parts of the state of ne^eet in Uiifl 











Salu ov Babbaoks, 1784.* 

GhrisUeib Bartling, • '- 

. ;e25 16 

John Keen, 

85 10 

Matthew Glarkson, 


Do. " 


Michael QroTCS, 


John Keen, 

51 10 

John Etridge, - 


John Williams,- 

33 10 

Nicholas BibeU, 


Dr. John Morgan, 

80 10 

William Williams, ■ 

86 10 

John Keen, 


Dr. John Morgan, 

29 10 

Do. « 


Alex. Qnarrier, - 


Do. « - 


Do. « . . 


Do. " - 


Do. « - 


Peter Oaeas, • 


Richard Marfwet, 


Christian Goj^er, 

82 10 

Qeorge Forepangh, • 

88 10 

Do. « . . 

83 10 

Do. " - > 


* There is a plan of these lots in the Secretary's office. 



26. William Shaw, - 

27. Dr. John Morgan, 

28. Nich. Broom, - 

29. Philip Pancake, 
80. Do. " - 

Nich. Bibell, 2 Neoessary's; 

35 10 
33 10 


36 10 

£1079 16 
8 4 

£1082 19* 

David Rittenhousb to Pres. Dickinson, 1784. 

May 29th, 1784. 

Dr. Ewing and Captain Hatchins Kave both applied to me to have 
some money advanced in part of their pay as Commissioners for 
determining the Boundary between this State and Virginia, prepa* 
ntory to their leaving this City. I most request the approbation of 
Council for this purpose, unless Council should thins proper to 
iMoe a regular warrant for the same, which will be most agreeable. 

I am, Sir, your most obed't, Humble Servant, 

P. S. The sum required is £100 each. 

His Ezeellency, the President in Council. 
Bead in Council and two orders granted. 

Proposals for ^'Labelling " the Citt and for a 

DiRBOTORY, 1784. 

To His Ezeellency the President And the Honourable the Ezeoative 
Oooaml for the Commonwealth of Pensylvania. 

Hay it please your Excellency and Honours, 

The inclosed Plan having been shewen to a number of respectable 
Gentlemen and Merchants in this City and meeting with their 
Approbation ; it is now humbly submitted to your Ezeellency and 
Honours: respectfully hoping it will merit your Protection and 
Authority to carry it into execution. 

* These lots were boanded by Second end Third Street?, in N. L., near 
Green St. 



To the Pablio in Generali and the Gitiaens of Philadelphia in 
^ particnkTi 

When the projector of any Seheme which he wishes, or intends 
fiv public benefit or ntilitj, makes it public, it ought to be clear, 
distinct ft unembarrassed, and the end proposed im^iatelj obvious ; 
the necessity should strike eveiy man at the first View ; the following 
proposali^ it is humbly hoped, being possessed of and filled with this 
strinng quaUty, must be evident to every good Gitisen, and well 
irisher to this flourishing & opulent Gity. 

As uncertainty and perplexity are ever held bars in the way of 
Gommeroe, and impediments in Business ; and as the present undi- 
rected, and confused situation of this great Gity is at this period, 
the proposers of the following plan, having maturely weight, and 
digested their present scheme, but being unable on their own bottom 
to carry it into execution, on that fall, extensive, and elegant plan, 
which it demands aud with which it ought to be executed, aud that, 
as no tax can bo levied for the same, or any man obliged to pay his 
money without his consent, the proposers are under the necessity of 
applyinff to the public whose generosity, and protectioni have ever 
been liberal on similar occasions. 

The proposers therefore wish to open a Subscription for the ref;u- 
lar labeling every Street, Lane, Gourt, Alley, and disdnguishmg 
every public Edifice, Building, Seminary & Meeting in the Gity, to 
be neatly and distinctly painted on boards, to be placed at a conve- 
nient, and proper height, in right angles, at each comer of every 
Street, Lane, Court, and Alley, and the houses to be regularly num- 
bered on the several doors, bogiuing at the extremity of the Gity 
from North, to South, and from East, to West, proceeding numeri- 
cally through the whole. 

The proposers fiirther intend, with the concurrence and assistance 
of the Gentlemen, Merchants, Traders & others, to publish an annual 
and General Register, and Directory, alphabetically & numerically 
digested, of the Residence, Business, or Occupation of every house- 
keeper, agreeable to their numbers throughout the whole, which will 
be a sure guide, and easy Pocket Gompanion to all strangers, and 
not without its imediate use, even to the oldest residents, and which 
will intirely do away that uncertainty, and frequent perplexity which 
at present so generally subsists, and is so much the complaint of 
all foreigners, and in a great measure prevent the trouble of enqui- 
rers, and the labour of instruction, in making ignorant persons 
understand the long directions, and all strangers would at one View 
find out their friends, acquaintance, and adress, by applying to the 
Book, under the Title of the PhUadetphia AnnucU and General 

Should the above Sketch merit the attention bf the Public, the 
proposers further intend opening a public office of Register and 


Intelligeiloe, in one of the most pnblio streets of the City, where on 
any persons removing from one place to another, they may imedi- 
ately apply> and have their residence register'd^n^?^?, and where one 
of the parties will constantly attend to give mtelligence and infor- 
mation } and for the transacting all Business in the Register and 
Intelligence Office, on the same Plan, as in London, Dablm, &o.* 

Jane 1"*, 1784. Proposals for Labelling the City. Read in 
Conncnl & rejected. 



PennaylTania, ss. 

Before the Honorable the Vice President of the State of Pennsvl- 
yuiia personally appeared William de Luce, late Captain in the 
American service, and being duly sworn deposeth and saith, That 
on Thursday last, he attended at the Chambers of the honorable 
Oeorae Bryan, Esquire, in order to sivo bail for the appearance of 
Mr. JDe Longchamps in case it should be necessary, where ho under- 
stood the matter was to be determined at three o'clock the same 
day at the State house. That afterwards Mr. De Longchamps went 

* It is vnoertain who was the author of the foregoing proposals as they 
bear neither name or date, being indorsed as *'of June 1784, haTinf; been 
read in Council and r^ected," though they are not noticed on the minutes. 
As two Directories were printed the next year. 1786, it is probable one of 
the Compilers was the author. These were Francis White and Capt. John 
McPherson, both of whom were brokers, &o. They were the first Directo- 
ries printed in Philadelphia, and were perhaps in opposition to each other— 
the plans differ. 

••White's Philadelphia Directoiy " was an 8yo. pamphlet, containing 88 
pages of about 45 names, arranged partially in alphabetical order, and con- 
tuned also Miscellaneous matter, tii., lists of Public Offices, Ministers, 
Lawyers, Physicians, Stages and Packets, &o. Not having the adyantage^of 
nambers, the residents are said to live in such a street, between such and 
■neh streets. 

" Macpherson's Directory for the City and Suburbs, extending to Prime St 
Boathward, Maiden St. northward, and 10th St. westward," was a duodecimo 
pamphlet, containing 162 pages of about 40 names each. The editor took 
the pains to number the houses, even stables, and allowiag for the spaces to 
be built np ; his plan was, to follow *' the course of the sun from whence the 
numbers commence," i. e. " the cross streets from Market beginning at the 
N. W. comer, and ending at the S. W. corner." The names are more per- 
fectly arranged alphabetically than White's. There is one eccentricity 
about it, however'; when he applied to a person who would not ftimish the 
name (as was frequently the case) instead of the name he would set down 
opposite the number, the answer given, thus '* what you please," " I shall 
not give it," *' I won't tell you," &c. Both compilers expected to issue 
anniially. It is probable that Macpherson made the above appUoation to 
Coonoil. It is believed no other Directory was published till 1791, (when 
the city was perhaps regularly numbered) 1^ C. Biddle. 


oat with the sheriff, & went to his own house • this deponant joined 
Mr. Turner k Mr. MoPherson and went up stairs of Mr. Long- 
champs house with Uipm. That he saw the Sheriff in the room & 
immediately Mr. Longohamps came in, k the Sheriff asked him how 
Mrs. Longohamps did, and if he was ready to go to Gbal with him : 
Mr. Longohamps said his wife was very sick, k asked the Sheriff 
for Leave to shift his cloathe that he might attend the trial in the 
afternoon properly. That the Sheriff gave him leave k desired him 
to make as much haste as possible that he might oonduot him to 
Gbal Immediately Mr. de Longchamp's went out k Mr. MoPherson & 
Mr. Turner soon after followed him. This was about half an hour 
after twelve o'clock. That in a little time Mrs. De Longohamps came 
down k took up stairs a pitcher of water, and then came down 
again k took up stairs a piece of soap. That Mrs. De Longchamp 
came down a third time and sat in the room with the Sheriff & this 
deponant after some conversation about her health k her not being 
able to visit Mr. De Longchamp in Goal, the Sheriff took out his 
wateh k desired Mrs. Lon»shamp's to go up k tell her husband that 
he could wait no longer— She went up k soon aftewards came down 
k said her husband was not up stairs — Immediately the Sheriff 
run up stairs k searched the house, k then went down stairs k desired 
people who were passing to help him to search the house k to dxs- 
oover Mr. de Longohamps. That the Sheriff made enquries every 
where in the neighbourhood if any person had seen him (de Long- 
ohamps) go off. That the horse which was at the door when this 
deponant went in, was not there when the Sheriff oame down after 
searching the house. That every part of the house was searched, k 
the Sheriff sent off for constables ; and when they camOj the Sheriff 
went to get his hcNrse, k this deponent went off also. That this 
deponent has never seen de Longohamps from the time he went out 
of the room where the sheriff was, as above related. That he knows 
nothing further of the manner of his escape. That he has never 
heard any person say where he is ooncealed — ^That he does not know 
the hand writing of either of the Letters now shown to him, addres- 
sed to Mr. Marbois, nor by whom they were sent ; nor has he ever 
heard who wrote or sent the said Letters or either of them— And 
further this deponant saith not. 

Sworn this 6 Day of June. 1784. before 


Pennsylvania, ss. 

Be it remembered that on the fifth day of June, in the year of 
our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-four before the 
subaoriber one of the JosticeB the peace, in k for the County of 

* Set Col. Bee., YoL ZIV.» p. 116^ 117, 120» 186, 186, 184, 689, ftc. 


PIiilad% to him assigned &o., personally appeared George Tnmeri 
vho being duly sworn k of fall age doth depose & say — ^That about 
noon on last Thursday he vas going to the Chamber of Mr. Jnstioe 
BrysBy A in Vine street saw Mr. Wm McPherson who called to this 
deponant k informed him that the Argument respecting Mr. De 
Longohamps was adjourned ; whereupon this deponant turned back 
and aoeompaniod Mr. McPherson to the house of Mr. De Long- 
ohampa. That Mr. McPherson asked him to go up stairs, which m 
did, and there found the Sheriff in a room as he believes alone, that 
■OQO afker de Longchamps came in & said that his Wife was sick, & 
on the bed. That some oonversation then took place between the 
asid da Longchamps and the Sheri£^ the purpose of which this depo- 
aanft understood to be, that Mr. de Longchamps wanted to put on 
elean deaths — ^That the Sheriff told him he could wait, but desired 
him to lose no time. That D^ Longchamps then went out, & thia 
deponant soon after went out also with Mr. McPherson — ^That thia 
deponant did not discover any thing on the part of the Sheriff that 
diaoovered any intention of improperly favoring the prisoner de Long- 
ehampa. That this Deponant did not see de Longchamps after he 
left the room as aforesaidi nor does he know any thing further of the 
manner of his Escape. 

Sworn before me 


The above deponant being further examined saith — That he now 
recollected that the Sheriff (Colonel Proctor) did in the CbeV de 
Longchamp's House and Presence, and before Major MacphersoUi 
.observe that some Report had passed concerniDg a supposed undue 
Induleence extended by him, the Sheriff, to Longchamps, and that 
ihougn mere Reports, it had rendered it extremely improper for him 
to extend any Indulgence at that time — alluding (as this Deponant 
believes) to a wish expressed by Mr. Longchamps, or some of his 
Friends, that he might be permitted to remain in his own House 
'till the hour appointed for hearing Council on his Case, which was 
to have been argued the same Day, as this Deponant is informed. 


Sworn the day and year aforesaid before me, 


Pennsylvania! ss. 

Be it remembered that on the fifth Day of June, in the year of 
Lord one thousand seven hundred & eighty-four before me the Sub- 
scriber one of the Justices of the peace in & for the county of Phila- 
delphia! personally appeared Wm. McPherson, who being of full age 
and duly sworn doth depose That on the third day of this month| 


this deponant attended at the Chambers of the Honorable G-eorge 
BryaUi Esq'r, befmre whom Mr. De Longohamp was brought by 
Tirtne of a habeas eorpaS| in Gostody of the Sheriff of the County of 
Philadelphiap^That after Mr. de Longehamps left the Chambers of 
the Judge, he went in Custody of the said Sheriff to his own house 
t this iSeponant followed him. That this Deponant & Mr. Oeorge 
Turner went up stahrs, where he fbund the Sheriff, and soon after 
Mr. de Longehamps oame into the room, & said that Mrs. de Long- 
ehamps was ill-^The sheriff asked him if he was ready to go to 
^oal| Longofiamps said he was in no hurry to return there, £ ex- 
pressed some surprise at the design of having the matter tried in 
public & he said it would be necessary to dean or dress himself— 
That thereupon the Sheriff said if he would go and do it he would 
wait and desired him to be as expeditious as possible— Whereupon de 
Longehamps went out & this deponant & Mr. Turner soon after fol- 
lowed him, went down stairs k did not see Longehamps afterwards. 
That this deponant remembers there was a horsemidled and saddled 
before the house de Longehamps or the next house at the time when 
'the deponant went into the house of de Longehamps — ^That this 
deponant did not discover anything in the conduct of the Sheriff 
that seemed designed to favor the escape of the prisoner— That he 
knows nothing mrther of the manner in which de Longehamps 

Sworn before me, 


W. Maopherson recollects that the Sheriff did in the Chevalier 
De Longohamp's house and presence and before S. Turner observe 
that some Beports had passed concerning supposed undue indulgence 
which the Sheriff had extended to De Lon|];champ, and the men 
report it rendered it extremely improper for him to give any farther 


Sworn the day & year aforesaid before me, 


Bbturns of Elections, 1784. 

Philadelphia 7th June, 1784. 

I wish it might be in your Power to Obtain Blank Commissions 
for About 80 Companys, the Distance being so great; I think 
might justify such a measure as well as in Other States, who have 
Extensive teritory, I had Repeatedly Apply* for Returns of the 
Elections in Fayette County, but could not Obtain them so as to 
make Returns with Any Precision. 



I can make yon a Betnrn of the field officers, Viz : 
FnusT Bataijon of Fatette County. 
Zedook SpriDgeri Lieut CoL^ James Hammond, Maj'. 

2' Batn. said County. 
Joaepli Foranoei lieat Col.| Thomas Freeman, Maj'. 

2' Batalion or Westmoreland County. 
Benj" Davifly Lieut CoL, • Sam> Wilson, Maj'. 

The Betum of the Company Election was not come to hand 
vnleaa Blank Commissions can be obtained for them, Perhaps there 
naj not be an opportunity before the fall, Masters to make them 
oat 00 aa to obtain Commissions as those that have Really made 
Baturoa of their elections may Complain that it is not their fault. 
I vill therefore make you a Return of such as has, and you will 
Pleaae to have Done what Council may think Consistant in the 
Buittar, and Am Sir, 

Tour Most Ob. Hble. ServS 


The Honble Isaac Mason, Esq. 

A Betum of Elections in Fayette and part of Westmoreland 

2* Batalion of Fayette. 

1"« Company. 
Sam'l Bums, Capt 
John Paterson Lt. 
Jonathan Johnson, Engn. 

William Sparks, Capt. 
John Parker, Lt. 
Henry Greer, Engn. 

Dan'l Cannon, Capt. 
Donia Springer, Lt. 
Alex' Carson, Engn. 

Fourth Company. 

Adam Dunlap, Capt. 
John Carson, Lt. 
Andrew Byers, Engn. 

Joseph Rodgers, Capt. 
James Powers, Lt. 
Tho" Dickinson, Engn. 

Robert Foreyth, Capt. 
Robert Mitchel, Lt. 
Thos. Patterson, Ensign. 

Sam'l Moore, Capt. 
Robert McClellcn, Lt 
Isaac CouchraUi Engn. 


The 2* Bataucoh of Wsstmobblakd. 
!■« OompAoy. 4**. 

Thomas Morten^ Oapt Joseph BeokeU, Gapt. 

Philip Howel, Lt Bichard Johnston, Lt. 

Oeorge Shield, Ensn. Lewis Pearoe, Ensn. 

2*. '6 

John Reed, Oapt James Sterett, Oap«. 

W- Morgan, Lt 'Jacob Spears, Lt 

W"* Jones^ EnsD. \ John Bntaa Bnaa. 

Joseph Pease, Capt 
Henry Westby, Lt 
William Moore, Ensn. 

A few BeinrDS of Elections fWrn the lal BataKon of Fayette, but 
no mention made of Rank therefore nnneoessary to mantion them. 

1784, May Ist Betums of Militia Officers. 


Com* for Westmoreland, dated 1st May, 1783 — Fayette dated 1st 
May, 1784. 



We beg leave to request of yoor Excellency to communicate to 
the Hon^>" The Executive Council, That, We on Saturday last, 
agreeable to our advertisement began the Sale of the Barracks Lots, 
men we disposed of 92* of them amounting in the Gross to Three 
thousand eight hundred and Twenty PouncU, as ^ account which 
we have the honor to enclose you. 

If your Honors have no objection we mean to publish for the 
Sale of the Remaining Ground, ^except the Slips which cannot with 
propriety be sold at 'public icUe) m two or three weeks. 
We have the honor of subscribing ourselves. 
Your Excellency's 

most Obedient Servant, 

Philad*, June 7, 1784. 
Here insert the List of purchasers. 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esquire, President of the Hon^** 
the Executive Council of the State of Pennsylvania. 

« Se9 page 268. 


M0N8IBVR BB Mabbois to Pres. Dickinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia, Jane 8th, 1781. 

In the absence of the Minister of the King I received and opened 
jonr Bzoellency's letter dated the 4<^ bstant. It contains as- 
snraooea that no collusion took place in the occasion of the Escape 
of Mr. LoDgchamps. For that point I don't hesitate to rest on 
the assertion of the Supreme Coancil, & I wonld ever readily ao- 
knowledge that nobody was privy to his evasion unless proofs were 
fimnd to the contraiy: but I am sui^it has not escaped your 
obaerration that there was a very ill placed confidence, a most 
unwarrantable neslect on the side of the officers of the State, 
when they suffered a man guilty of so heinous a crime, so easily 
to run away from the hand of justice. 

I leedved also, Sir, the proclamation you have been pleased to 
knie in the oeoadon. I had no doubt to find it as usual in Satur- 
dsys paper, Gaiette, or at least, in the Pennsylvania Packet of this 
Dnj. Permit me to ask. Sir, if your intention is that it be pub- 
Kflhed as other proclamations, have been in much less important 
eaBee: Dispatch m the publication of their proclamation throueh all 
the United States might have produced the aprehension of the 
offender, ft I cannot but lament that his escape will involve the State 
in fkrther Difficulties, which we very sincerely desire to prevent 
With perfect respect, 

I am Sir, 
your Excellency's 
Host obedient ft 
most humble servant, 


John Betnolds, Gaoleb, to Vice Pbbsidbnt, 1784. 

To His Excellency, the Vice president of the Commonwealth of 


The Chevalier D* Long Champs who made his Escape from the 
Sheriff on the 3* of this instant, is Now in Custody, Delivered to me 
by the Sheriff at 2 O'Clook this morning in the Gaol. 


June 8th, 1784. 

The Hon^>* James Bwiug, Esquire. 

278 PHNNSlTLyANIA ABluuYJfiS 1784. 

John Hubley to Prbs. Dickinson. — Court Housb 
Burned, 1784. 

Lanoasteri June 11th, 1784. 
Honored Sir, 

It 18 likely before now joa have heard that the Court Honse in 
ibis [daoe has been entirely consumed by Fire. I received this dis- 
agreeable acoount on my way to Lancaster from your City, and from 
any thing that I can collect here, I find that all is guess-work how 
this a&ir happened. 

The House underwent 8«ne repairs this summer, and the Flus- 
terers were at work ; a quantity of Lime, was put up in the inside 
for that purpose, to secure it from the weather— some suppose the 
lime set it on Fire— others suppose that a Clock-maker, who was 
conducting the weights of the Clock in a different channel from that 
they formerly run in, used some Fire and was negligent. The 
Clock-maker denies he used any Fire in his work — and, many con- 
jectured that it was wickedly set Fire to by some unknown villain, 
so that the affidr remains as yet in the dark. Happy it is for this 
place that the mischief has ended with the loss of Uie Court House 
only, as a strong south-west wind was blowing, and carried the Fire 
in great quantities over ^reat part of the North-East part of the 
Town ; and tho' the Calvmist Meeting House, which stands at a 
considerable distance from the Court House, and several other 
buildings, took Sire, yet it was happily ezUnguished without much 
damage. I thought that this affair might be confusedly Reported 
in the City, therefore have given vou such information as I could 
collect in the few hours I have arrived here. 

I am, sir, with the utmost respect, 

Your very hble. servant, 


His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq., President of the state of 
Penna., Philadelphia. 

Ghev. de la Luzerne to Pres. of Council, 1784. 

Philadelphie, le 14 Juin, 1784. 

r&i pass6 plusieuTS anne^ avec trop de satisfaction dans cctte 
ville pour ne pas eprouver de vifis regrets au moment de m'en 
eloigner. Les int4r@ts des deux nations sont si efroitement unis 
que sans cesser d'etre Francois j'&i pu me oonsiderereomme Citoyen 
aes treiie Etats et separ6 des miens pendant plus de cinq ana at dans 
des tems difficiles j'ai trouv^ daiui oetto villa, ftontes lea compensa- 


tions oapables de me d^dommagor des privations aax qaels j'ai dfi 
me soamettre. Je prie votre Excellence de permettre qu'en prenant 
coog^ d'Elle et da oonseil je I'assure que je conserverax toute ma vie 
le souvenir de I'amiti^ dent j'ai re^u des marques tant de sa part 
que de oelle des citojens de cette ville. Je les prie de me la con- 
aerver et d'etre persuade que les sentimens qui m'attachent h ce pays 
01 no finiroDt qu'aveo ma vie. 

Je suis aveo respect, Monsiear, 

de Yotro Excellence le tr^s humble et 

tr^s ob^issant servitenr, 
Son Excellence Mr. le President et rhonble. conseil. 

OHRiSTOPnEB Hates to Prbs. Dickinson, 1784. 

Westmoreland County, 14th June, 1784. 
Dear Sir, 

My best Compliments wait on your Excellency and Family. I 
tdce this opportunity to inform your Excellency that a considerable 
namber of Inhabitants (formerly Virginians, and in opposition to 
the Laws and Government of this state,) have now turned out 
open Robbers, and so notorious that scarce two days pass that some 
oatrage is not committed in one part or other of this Country, tho' 
Fayette and Washington Counties seem, at present, to be the prin- 
ripal aeat of Depredation. Last Wednesday the Collector was robbed 
near Besins-Town, in Fayette County, of about twenty-two pounds, 
in Gash, his Warrant and Duplicate taken from him and his person 
fffossly abased. Sundry other robberies have been oommited lately 
in Washington and Fayette Counties, mostly on the Property of the' 
most noted defenders of the Country during the late conflct 

Although the Indians have been very troublesome to the Inhabi- 
tants in the Kentucke neighbourhood this spring, we have had the 
happiness to live here in the most perfect peace and security as yet, 
and from the best intelligence lately had from Sandusky and Detroit, 
we have nothing to apprehend from that quarter, as the Northern 
Indians seem generally disposed for Peace, & anxious for a treaty. 
The disturbances at Kentucke are occasioned by the Cherokees. 

1 would beg tho favour of your Exoellenoy to send me the late 
acts of assembly by my son-in-law, Captn. Henderson, and the 
£avoar shall be gratefully acknowledged by 

Sir, with the highest respect. 

Your Excellency's most obedient 

Humble Servant, 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq. 

* For a translation of this see Col. Beo., VoL XIY., p. 147; 
t See CoL Bee., Yol. XIY., p. 161. 


Mbhobul f&om Fatbtti Co., 1784. 

Fayette Ooantj^ Jane 16, 1784. 

* To his Excellency John Diokinsonj Esquire. President of ye 
Supreme Executive Gounoil. 

Honrd. Sr.| 

The Inhabitants of Stewarts CrossingSi beg leave to represent 
your Excellency. 

That we were much surprised on being presented with ye Copy of 
a Letter by one of your worthy members, which was sent to your 
Excellency informing you, that a considemble number of ye Inhabi- 
tants (formerly Virginians) in opposition to the Laws and Govern- 
ment of Uiis State, have now turned out open Robbers. We are 
happy that we have it in our power to present this to your Excel- 
lency by the hands of a Oentkmen, whom we hope will do us the 
Honr. to state us impartially in our fiur character, without respect 
of parties, as this Oentlemen is well acquainted wiUi ye eiroumstanoe 
of ye whole matter in doing us the Honour of accompanying us in 
coing in search of those ]E&bber8, and suppressing such Burglars. 
We admowledge we were brought up under ye Government of Yir- 
rinia, and were ruled by that Government whilst the Territorial 
Bisputes subsisted between the two States. But when they ihonghl 

Cper to adjust ye Boundaries, we were vdlling to submit to ye 
rs of Pennsylvania, and hope youc ExceUenev will find us as 
true Citiiens as any bdongins to ye State, as we have made it evi- 
dent on every occasion. We have always been williuff to risque our 
all in the glorious cause, we have been so long contenduig for, which 
we can make manifest by Sundry Gentlemen who are as fully 
acquainted with us, as the author of that Letter which was sent to 
your Excellency. And amongst others, Col. McClene who has 
suffinr'd on fatigue, with those who seem at present, to be the objects 
of such malevolent ridicule without the least reason. We were 
happy in believing that all party matters were buried in oblivion, 
but are greatly concerned to find the contrary. CoL Hays has re- 
lated in another Letter to your Excellency, that those who bore the 
Burden of ye War must now be ruled over, by those who are 
Enemies in their Hearts to ye State. We would appeal to ye 
knowledge and Candour of the several Officers who have commanded 
in this Department, whether the people thus stigmatized have been 
more backward in defence of our common rights than any of our 
neighbours. We must beg your Excellono/s pardon, for making 
so free, from ye most intolerable character your Elxcellency had of 
us, but we shall refer you to that worthy Gentlemen Major Douglass, 
who is rather better acquainted with ustfaan GoL Hayes. So makes 


bold to sabeoribe oarselves your Ezoellene/s most obedient and 

haittUe Servants. 



His Excellency John Dickinson, Esquire, President in the Su- 
preme Executiye Council Pennsylyania. 

TuBNBULL Marmis & Go., TO Pres. Digeikbon, 1784. 

Philad., June 16th, 1784. '■ 

We have this mominff received from on Board the Brig Dauphin 
from Havre De Qrass Twenty Kegs of Powder, which we sent as 
castomsTy to the State Magazeen. The same has been returned to 
US, by the Keeper, with a message that it oould not be reoeived on 
acoount of the Magaseen being full. In consequence we made ap- 
plioation to the wmens of the port, for their directions to take cog- 
niaenoe of the same. By their Letter which we take the Liberty of 
inclosing, We are recommended to lay the case before your Excel- 
lency, and beg leave to request your advice and direction necessary 
to be done with it, which shall be duly attended to by your 
Excellency's most obt. hum. Servts. 


His Excellency John Dickinson, Esqr., In Council. ^ 

Wardens of PniLADSLPHiA to TurnbulLi Marmis & Co., 


Wardens Office, 16th June, 1784, 

The Wardens of the Port having no Direction of the Powder 
M agaiine have it not in their power to obviate your difficulty nor 
oan they advise what can be done unless by application to the 8a- 
preme Executive Council who perhaps in the present exigence may 
point out a Temporary Belief. 


The Powder Officer will no doubt either make or Join yon in 
maJcing the Applioation but it would be improper for the wardens to 
inteimeddle in it^ I am respectfully on behalf of the Board^ 
Gentlemen, Yr. very Hble Servt. 

THO. PRYOR, attending Warden. 

Messr. Tnmball & Marmie. 

Pees. Dickinson to Ghey. db la Luzeenb, 1784. 

To his Exoellenoy Chev de Luieme Minister Plenipoten^ of his 
Most X* Majesty to the United States. 


The Ezeontive Council of PennsyV cannot witness your prepara- 
tions to embark for your Native Country without expressing the pain 
we feel at the prospect of your departure, & the high Sense we 
entertain of the Zeal, and Ability with which you have promoted 
the Unbn of France with the United States, during your residence 
among ns. 

We beff leave to assure you at the same time that the return of 
peace, and our General intercourse with the powers of Europe have 
not in the least lessened our Sense of our many obligations to the 
illustrious Monarch of France, nor our gratitude for the benefits we 
derived from the bravery and treasure of the French nation. 

We are happy in this opportunity of acknowledging that vour 
conduct towards the Supreme Executive power of the State has been 
uniformly marked with all that decency, and respect which charac- 
terise the Gentlemen of the nation to which you belong. 

Accept of our best wishes for your Safe and Speedy Voyage, may 
you long possess the favour of your Sovereign, and the esteem of your 
Country Men, and enjoy in every stage of life the pleasures which 
arise from faithful contributions to the interests of humanity.* 


Council Chamber, 19<» June, 1784. 

Feancis Johnston, R. G., to V. P. Ewino, 1784. 

The Honorable James Ewing, Esq', Vice President in Council. 

I beg leave to inform Council, that the late Law for opening the 
Land Office, among other things, makes it necessary for me to 
administer an oath to Applicants for Land, if deemed proper, in 
order to ascertain their Citizenship, so as to entitle them to present 

* See pageV^S. Also, see Col. JU0.9 YoL XIIL, p. 146. 


the Certificatefl enumerated in said Law in payment for Lands. 
Hon I oannot help observing, that the Door which this Law opens 
to the nnwarj leading to perjury, oueht to be shut, if possible, in 
order to effect which in some degree, I beg leave to suggest, that if 
jour honorable Body would direct the Agents appoint^ to receive 
the Knal Settlement Certificates of the Pennsylvania Line, to Coun- 
tersign the same, it would fully supersede the necessity of adminis- 
tering an Oath, and indeed would more certainlv prove the Citizenship 
of the original owner, than any other mode whatever : With regard 
to the iMertaining the Citisenship of the Assignee of such Certificate 
I presume no fixed rule can be established, I therefore shall be 
guided in this particular by such contingent ciroumstanoes as shall 
pment themselves to me. The safety of these Certificates after 
depositod in my office as well as the Cash I shall receive, are also 
▼ery essential matters, therefore take the liberty of Soliciting Coun- 
eil for an Iron Chest, or some other convenience in which I can 
aeeoxe them. 

I have the honor to be 

Your Honors most obedient 

and very humble Servant, 


MoNS. De Mabbois to v. P. Ewing. 1784. 

Philadelphia, 8»> June, 1784. 

When I received the letter with which vou honoured me on the 
27*^9 1 transmitted it to the Chevalier de la Luserne, expecting it 
might reach him to Chester before his departure, but it has not been 
the case. 

The minister left this place in full persuasion that the adress with 
which he had been honoured by the Council was an answer to his 
letter; otherwise he would never have left this place without ezpres- 
ring his Sense & gratitude of the flattering sentiments of the council 
in hia behalf. 

I am, sir, 

with perfect respect, 

your very humble obed* servant^ 


* See Col. Beo., Vol. XIV., p. 151. 
t See pages 278, 282 


CiRouLAE OF Council to Clerk of thb Fbaob, 1784, 


^ Seoretaiy's Offiooi 

Phikdelpliia, Jane 29% 1784. 

In the precedentB lately sent to you for RetomB of Eleotioui of 
Jnatioee of the Peaooi mention of the GonBtaUe wm omitted in the 
fint Line, in the signing. 

I am now direeted hy Gonnoil to inform yony that all Betnnu 
moBt be certified by the Constable (or Overseer of the poor) together 
with the Inspector & Assistant Jodges, and also signed by him| 
aooording to the amended form now inclosed. 

I am. Sir, 

with mnch respect, 

Your obedient and very hnmble Servant. 

To the Clerk of the Peace in County. 

Bepobt of Militabt SiORitfly 1784. 

At fort Island there are 1 32 pdr. 1 18 pdr. | ^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ 

6 Muskets, 1 bbrl. powder, & 12 boxes filled with Cannon pow- 
der Cartridges, trail ropes, &c. 

At Billingsport are 5 18 pdrs. 1 12 & 1 4 mounted. 

112 1 6 & 2 4 dismounted. 

Some Shot and Shells. 
The Carriages at both phioes are rotten, & good for nothing but 
the Iron. 

I am. Sir, 

y most obedient Serv*, 

July 1, 1784. 


John Armstrong, Esq', Secretary to the hon. the Supreme Ezecn- 
live Council. 


Wm. Lyon to Prbs. Dickinson, 1784. 
Hononred Sir, 

The inoloeod list of Sheriffs, their Commissions, Bonds & Sureties 
&o.f* are in pursuance of a Letter which I lately rec* from the Sec- 
retary of Councils Cla^k, which list will^ I hope, be agreeable to the 
requisition of Council. 

I am your Excellencies 

Most Obedient Humble Servant, 

Carlisle, July G*", 1784. 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esquire, President of the Supreme 
Executive Council^ in Council, Philadelphia. 

A List of Sheriffs for Cumberland County, 1784. 

A List of Sheriffs for Cumberland County from the year 1777 to 
the year 1783, Inclusive. 

Sheriffs Names. Date of Sheriffs Commissions. 

James Johnston, Esq., . - - . - Nov. 7th, 1777. 

Ditto, Oct. 29th, 1778. 

Ditto, Nov. 12th, 1779. 

John Boggs, Esq., Oct. 26th, 1780. 

Ditto, Nov. 80th, 1781. 

Ditto, Oct. 15th, 1782. 

Samuel Postlethwait, Esq., - - " - - Oct. 24th, 1783". 
To His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq., President of the 
Supreme Executive Council of the State of Pennsylvania in Council, 
July 6th, 1784. 

WILL- LYON, Proth'y. 

C. J. McKean to Council, 1784. 

Philadelphia, June 30th, 1784. 

On the 28th day of the next month ipy Commission as Chief 
Justice will expire, its duration being only for seven years. I thought 
it proper to give Your Excellency and the Honorable the Council this 
early information, and have the Honor to be Sir, with the utmost 

Your and their most obedient, 
And most humble servant, 


His Exoellency, John Diokinsoni Esquire, President & Commander 
in Chief of PeDnaylvania. 

* These details (except what follows) we hare omitted. 

t He was re-elected July 29th. Sm CoL Reo., Vol. XIV., p. 167. 

Vol X.-13 


Sbo't Armstrong to Thomas Proctor, 1784. 

Seoretaiys Office, 8th July, 1784. 

Ycm will be pleai'd to make a report to Hhis offioe on tfae 25th 
Inatant, (the time at which the Geo. Assembly is called to sit) of 
the oamber of persons confined in the Gktol of this Citj & County 
OQ charges of felony.* 

I am, Sir, with much respect, 

Yonr most obed't servant, 

JNO. ARMSTRONG, Jr., Sec'y.t 
Thomas Proctor, Esq. 

Sbc't Armstrong to Lt. Col. Moorb, 1784. 

Secretary's Office, 

Philadelphia, July 8th, 1784. 

Yon will be pleased to report to this office, as soon as possible 
before the 20th Instant, the proceedings which have been taken by 
yon in consequence of the Orders of Coundl of the twentieth of 
April last. 

I am, with much respect. 

Sir, your most obed't servant, 

J. ARMSTRONG, Jr., Seo'y.f 
Lt. Col. Moore. 

Seo'y of Council to County Lieutenants, 1784. 

Secretary's Offioe, Philada., July 10th, 1784. 

I inelose an Order of Council of this morning & am with much 

Your most obedient, Hum. servant, 


In Council, 10th July, 1784. 
''Upon consideration ordered that tho Ci<7 & County Lieutenants 
'' be called upon to make a return of all the public Arms, Acooatr*- 
'< ments & Stores within their respective districts." 

* See page 290. f See Col. Rec., YoL XXV.^ p. 158. 



Bbturn of Officbrs of MiLiTiAy OF County of Wash- 
INOTON, 1784. 

A return of the Offioen of Militia in the County of Washingtonj 

First Battalion. 
David Phillips, Lt. Col. John Small, Major. 

Fint Comp'y. No. of Men. Fifth Company. No. of Mon. 

James Many Capt. 

Henry Sawings, Lieut. 73 

William ByarSy Ensign. 

Second Company. 
Bobcrt Ritchie, Capt. 
Jeremiah Wright, Lt. 74 
Thomas Sweet, Ensign. 
Third Company. 
William Connor, Capt. 
John Conner, Lieut. 68 

Isaac Williams, Ensign. 

Fourth Company. 
Mabra Evans, Capt. 
James Willson, Lieut. 82 
William Cohan, Ensign. 

John Robinson, Capt. 
Samuol Heth, Lieut. GO 

Thomas Gibson,|EDsign. 

Sixth Company. 
Sam'l Blackmore, Capt 
George Welch, Lieut. 96 
Il'y Morrisson, Ensign. 

Seventh Company. 
Wm. Armstrong, Capt. 
John Braokenridgc, Lt. 61 
Jn*> Blackburn, Ensign. 

Eighth Company. 
William Phillips, Capt. 
John Lamb, Lieut. 78 

Arched Ralston, Ensign. 

Second Battalion. 
Henry Enoch, Lieut. Col. James Carmichael, Major. 

First Comply. No. 
John Outhrey, Capt. 
Oeorge Cilsur, Lieut 
M'w Hannon, Ensign. 

Second Company. 
Andrew Ferley, Capt. 
Ja's Blackburn, Lieut. 
Ja's Metheney, Ensign. 

Third Company. 
Charles Swan, Capt. 
Asariah Davis, Lieut. 
Wm. Shepherd, Ensign. 

Fourth Company. 
Thomas Eztile, Capt 
Henry Dickinson, Lt. 
John Linddoyi Bnsign. 

of Men. Fifth Company. No. of Men. 
Elijah Mills, Capt 
Jacob Mills, Lieut. 
Elisha Perkins, Ensign. 
Sixth Company. 
Jas. McClelland, Capt 
John Holt, Lieut. 
Joseph Garret, Ensign. 





Seventh Company. 
Robert Sweney, Capt. 
80 £verharfc Hcep, Lieut 72 
Henry Hormil, Ensign. 

Eighth Company. 
James Archer, Capt 
84 John Fee, Lieat 62 

David White, Bnrigo. 


Third Battalion. 
John Harslial^ lient. Golooel. Potter Kidd, Major. 

First Company. No. of Men. 
Henry Benkon^ Capt. 
Alexander Kidd, Lieat. 70 
Josiah 8ootty Ensign. 

Second Company. 

Third Company. 
Thomas Wells^ Capt. 
Samuel Leiper, Lieut. 55 
John WellSj Ensign. 

Fourth Company. 
Samuel Smith, Capt 
Thomas Marquis, Lient 77 
Wm. Wallace, Ensign. 

Fifth Company. No. of Men . 
James Stevenson, Capt 
Arthur Scott, Lieut. 62 

Jesse Renkon, Ensign. 

Sixth Company. 
Thomas Renkon, Capt 
Charles Campbell, Lt 66 
William Hays, Ensign. 

Seventh Company. 
John Reed, Captain, 
Wm. Herron, Lieut 80 

James Howld, Ensi^rn. 

Eightk Company. 

FouETH Battalion. 

David Williamson, Lieut. Col. Daniel Leet, Majors 

First Company. No. of Men. Sixth Company. No. of Men. 

Charles Bonner, Capt. Eleazer Williamson, Capt 

Robert Walker, Lieut. 60 John Mc Williams, Lt 65 

Phillip Briscoe, Ensign. Jacob Miller^ Endign. 
Second Company. 

Third Company. 
Thos. Hambleton, Capt. 
James Brown, Lieut. 67 
Samuel White, Ensign. 

Fourth Company. 
William Leet, Capt. 
Brice Virffin, Lieut 74 

Obediah Holms, Ensign. 

Fifth Company. 
James Morrison^ Capt. 60 

Seventh Company. 
John Cotton, Capt. 
Samuel Reddle, Lieut 71 
James Huston, Ensign. 

Eighth Company, 
timothy Downing, Capt 

Andersotti Lieut 81 
John Williams, Ensign. 

Fifth Battalion. 
John Outhredge, Lieut. Col. James Craven, Major. 
First Company. No. of Men. Second Company. No. of Men* 

Eleazer Jenkens, Capt Wm. Jackman, Capt 

Thos. Rioheson, Lieut 80 Henry Gregg, Lieat 76 

Kiniey Davii^ Enngn. "^ lames Tbomia, Bnp^. 



Third Company. 
Dmvid Rable, Capt. 
Darbey SbahaD, Lient. 
Val'ne Kindor, Ensign. 

Fourth Company. 
Isaac Ross, Capt. 
Frederick Aalt, Lieut. 
John Haffman, Ensign. 

Fifth Company. 
Edward Seaburn, Capt. 
Richard Hogeland, Lt. 
Jere'h Craven, Ensign. 

No. of Men. Sixth Company. No. of Men. 
George Myars, Capt. 

55 Lather Kerrey, Lieut. 60 
Henry Conrod, Ensign. 

Seventh Company. 

56 John Warth, Capt 
Thomas Ritchie, Lieut. 73 
Nich's JohnsoUi j', Ensign. 

^Eighth Company. 
55 Nominated. 

Robert Jackman, Capt 
Joseph Brenton, Lieut. 68 
Nathan Powel, Ensign. 

I do Certify that the foregoing return is Just, as it stands stated 


Lieu* W. Co'. 

July 7% 1784. 

John Irwin to John Armstrong, 1784. 

Pittsburgh, July 15th, 1784. 
Dear Sir, 

I would not presume to trouble you in your public Capacity upon 
tny other subject than that which relates to the business of Qovern- 
ment & the welfare of our Community. 

When these Objects becomes the subject, I am persuaded that 
soy further appology is unnecessary with you. It may justly be 
reckoned a strange Circumstance, indeed, that since the beginning 
of oar Revolution the Town & Township of Pittsburgh have been 
antill very lately, unfortunately deprived of the services of the Civil 
Magistracy — and I may say with propriety, that we yet remain al- 
most intire Strangers to the advantages Commonly derived from that 
very essential part of Government. The Oentlcman who now hoISa 
the Commission being our Prothonotary & a Profesmonal Lawyer 
besides, it is reasonable to suppose that the duties of his office & the 
extent of his Practice will admit but a very small part of his time 
to be applied to the business of the Township — Consequently the 
inhabitants thereof are frequently subjected to many k very great 
inoonvenienoics. We have for several years past repeatedly attempted 
to remedy these Inconvenienoies by calling for & obtaining such Eleo- 
tions as were Judged requisite, but from the baneful effects of Pic^uea 
k jealousies, operating strongly with disappointment & ambition, 
means were always found to defeat our attempts k deprive us of the 
Sarvioe of those Qentlemen who were tho firtt objeda^of oar repeated 

890 F9iNN3n«yANIA MRCmYJSB 17M. 

Ghoioe. Our last BleotioUi held in May, is Ihe only one I believe 
that has escaped opposition & Censure amongst onrselves, & we have 
reason to believe that ihe Return thereof most now ly before the 
Honble Council for upwards of two months. As the Gentleman who 
stands highest in Votes upon that Return is perfectlv agreeable 
to all the people, & we daily experience an increase of di^cnlties 
from the want of his additional servicci I do therefore in behalf of 
the people beg leave to Intreat that as soon as anj limitation is ex- 
pired which Uie Law may prescribe for considering Cases of this 
nature, the Honble Executive Council will be pleased to forward a 
Commission agreeable to the Intention & Return of said Election. 
I likewise intreat of yon, Sir, that you will be so obliging as to move 
this matter to Council, & promote as far as is consistant, what is 
needfol upon the Occasion. 

I am respectfully, & with regard, 

Dear Sir, your Obed. Hble Serv*, 



John Armstrong, Esquire, Secretary to the Honorable Executive 
Council, Philada. 

Fav'd by Capt. Fowler. 

CtoiBF JusTiOB MoKban TO Pres. Diceinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia, July 16«S 1784. 

Enclosed your Excellency will receive the Letter from the Hon- 
orable G. Duvall, Esquire, President of the Council of Maryland, 
that was referred to the Judges, together with the Copy of their Letter 
to Mr. Duvall, respecting Henry Carberry. 

Qovernor Paoa, in his Letter to the Judges, seems to think it will 
be necessary to obtain the authority of the Government of Delaware 
for the conducting M' Carberry thro' that State ; and that the Ex- 
ecutive Power of Maryland can only extend to the limits of their 
01^11 State : But, I conceive, that, by a necessary construction of the 
4^ Article of the Confederation, which declares, that the person 
accused shall be delivered up and removedtotke State having juritdic-' 
tion ofhu qffencey the Executive Authority of Maryland are impowered 
to conduct the ofiender thro' DeUware to the State of Pennsylvania; 
for this power is impliedly conceded by the United States to the 
Individual States. It is true, by a literal construction of the second 
clause in the 4<^ Article, the ofiender is only to be removed to the. 
State having jurisdiction of the offence, not to the Ooalofthe Oownt^ 
in which the offence was committed \ but we wertf of opinion, thai 
the Qf&oet who should bring Henry Carberry from Maryland, might 
not find it inoonvenient t^ take him to Philadelphia, tho' it would be 


twanty miles within the State of PcDDiiylirania; and we alladed to 
the usage ft practice between this State and New-Jersey, and also 
the Delaware State*; having repeatedly sent Criminals to Newcastle 
and Barlington^ and received them from those States in the Ctoal of 

I have the honor to be, 

with very great regard, 

Sir^ Your Excellency's most 

obedient humble servant, 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esquire. 

No. 1. 

In Council| Annapolis, 29 April| 1784. 

We take the earliest Opportunity of communicating to your Ex- 
cellency, that Mr. Henry Carberry, a Citizen of this State, and late 
a Captain in the Pennsylvania line of the continental Troops, has 
been arrested, and charged before two of the Judges of the General 
Court, with having been a principal in a dangerous Insurrection in 
Philadelphia, in cfune last, and having beset the Stadt house with 
an armed force, and for which he is now in the Custody of the Laws 
of this State, the Judges before whom he was charged having reeog- 
nised him for his Appearance before the General Court forjthe Western 
fihore^ on the second Tuesday in May next. 
We have the Honour to be 

Your Exctillonoy's most obcd' ser^', 

G. DUVALL, President 
Directed,— EiB Exc'y President of State of Penns*. 

Read in Council May 6th, 1784 — and Ordered, That the same be 

referred to the Judges of the Supremo Court, and that they bo 

requested to take measures for bringing Henry Carbery, into this 

State, and for prosecuting him for the Offence charged against him. 


for JOHN ARMSTRONG, jun., 

No. 2. 

Philadelphia, May 8% 1784. 

Your Letter of the 29^ of April last, to his Excellency the Presi- 
dent of this State, was received on the G^ Instant, & laid before the 
Council, who have been pleased to refer it to the Judges of the Sa- 
preme Court, and to request that measures may be taken by then 
for bringing Henry Carberry into this StatSi and for proaeoating 
him for the offionoo charged against him. 


In eongeqnence of this Act of Connoil, We would request Uiat 
jou would be pleated to order the aforesaid Henry Carberry to be 
sent to the goal of the city and county of Philadelphiai where the 
Keeper thereof will receive him ; or if he will enter into a reoogni- 
lance before one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of this State, 
with two good suretieSi himself in two thousand pounds, and each of 
them in one thousand pounds, for his AppearaDce, &c., at the next 
court of Oyer and Terminer and Gkneral Goal Delivery for the city 
& county of Philadelphia, it will answer the purpose intended. The 
request to send Henry Carberry here^ is founded on the second 
clause of the 4^ Article of the Confederation, and has been the oon- 
stant usage between this State and the neighbourtug States : The 
ezpence of his removal here, will be paid by this State, if he does 
not discharge it himself; or comply with the alternative before pro- 
posed, which must be thought favorable to a person accused of so 
high a misdemeanor. 

We have the honor to be, 
Hon»»« Sir, 

Tour most obedient, humble servants, 

The Honorable O. Duvall, Esquire, Presid* of the Council of 

The above is a copy of the rough draught of the letter to the 
President of the Council of Maryland, at Annapolis, and differs in 
nothing material from the Letter sent. The diction may have been 
a little mended, in the transcribing it, tho' I think there were but 
few words altered or transposed. 

I am, with the greatest esteem. Sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

Philadelphia, July 16«S 1784. 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esqtdre, President, &c., of 

No. 8. 
In Council, Annapolis, May 20*^ 1784. 
Gentlemen : 

We have the Honor to acknowledge y cur's of the 7*^ Instant, 
informing us that cur's of the 29*^ April, addressed to the l^resident 
of vour State, was received, and referred by the Council to you as 
Judges of the Supreme Court, to take measures to bring Mr. Car- 
bery into your State for Prosecution and Trial, for the ofienoes which 
he is charged to have there oommitted : in eonscquenoe of this Aol 


of Oounoili yon have addressed us, and requested that we should 
order Mr. Carbery to be sent to the Gaol of the City and County of 

As aoon as we were made acquainted with Mr. Carbory's Afftir* 
W6 took measures to give your Executive power the earliest infor- 
mation of it, conoeiving that by the Articles of Confederation, they 
only eould nationally interfere, and demand him out of the Hands and 
Junsdietion of this Government : the A^^ Clause of the Confederation 
is plain and explicit, and we still think no Authority in your State 
oompetent to demand Mr. Carbery but the Executive. 

It does not appear from your Letter that you were Commissioned 
■nd Authorised to demand Mr. Carbery : you address us in your 
jndidal Capacity, and not as the Commissioners of your Executive : 
the Aet of Council which you mention, seems to have had a diAerent 
Object, and refers ouly to taking measures to bring Mr. Carberry to 
yonr State for Trial. 

When your Executive shall think proper to exercise their Authority 
in the present Case, and make a Demand of Mr. Carbery, we shall 
immediately order him to be delivered up, and removed to your 
State. But we do not think we can be justified in the exercise of 
any Authority over him beyond the Limits of this State : he must 
be delivered by our Officers at the Limits' and there received by 
your's If he is to pass thro' Delaware, we conceive the Executive 
and Judicial Authority there should be made acquainted with the 
Affair, and their ministerial Officers ordered to receive him of cur's*, 
and conduct him to your Limits, where your Officer will take charge 
of him, and carry him to such Gaol in your State as you may think 
proper to direct 

Not having had the Honor of any communication from your Ex- 
ecutive in Answer to our Address on this Subject, we can say nothing 
of their Intentions, and it does not become us to repeat the Infor- 
mation by another Letter, as the one we have already wrote has been 
received. We have the Honor to be, 

with very great regard. 

Your most obed.. humble Servants, 

The Hon'ble The M'Kean & Jacob Bush, Esq». 

Alex. McClean to Prks. Dickinson, 1784. 

Union Town, 16th July, 1784. 

A copy of a Letter said to have been addressed to your Excellency 
from some person in this county, containing reflections upon such of 
the Inhabitants as have formerly adhered to the Government of 
Virginia particularly aimed at the appointment of Colonel Bobert 

* See page 74, ana 29J. 


Bcall to the Lientenanoy of this Ooonty has been handed to me 
amongst others.* 

And I have also been applied to by some of the Gentlemen who 
think themselves injured by the remarks contained in that Letter, 
to certify to your Excellency whether they have deserved to ha 
branded with a backwardness to join in whatever has been proposed 
for the common good or defence of this frontier daring tie War. 
In oonseqnence of this their requesty in justice to truth and to the 
Inhabitants of Stewards Crossings (who seem to be particularly 
pointed at,) I must inform your Excellency that so far from declining 
any personal or other assistance that has been deemed essential to 
the good of the a>untry at large those very people thus stigmatiaed 
have over been as uniformly free of their personal service and as 
liberfd of their property on all ocoasions as any others within my 

With those very people who are said to have had so little share in 
the burthen of the War^ I have shared the &tigues of the most 
difficult Campaign that has been carried on in this country, and 
was a Witness to both their sufferings and fortitude. Many of them 
have been in the Continental servioei and Colonel Beall in particular 
during a ^great part of the War. 

lam with Sentiments of esteem, 
for your Excellency and the Supreme, 
Executive Council of Pennsylvania, 

your Excelleno/s most Obedient| 
and very humble Sorvt. 

Dirtctedj Ilis Excellency, John Dickinson, Esqr., President. 

Entered, | 

Hond. *^r Ephraim Douglass, Esqr., j 

Arthur Lsb and R. Butleb to Prbs. Dickinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia, July 23d, 1784. 

Havinjg something relative to the Treaties, we are commissioned 
to negooiate with the Indian nations, to communicate to your 
Excellency & the Council ; we beg the favor of your Excellency to 
inform us what day & hour it will be convenient for you to give us 
an audience. 

We have the honor to be, 

with groat respect yr. Excellency's 

most obedt. Servts. 
Directed^ His Excellency, the President. 

* Seepage 2C4, 280. f CoL Rec, XIV., p. 166 



Conference with Messrs. Lee & Bntler on their Letter. 

They represented The neoessity of Dispatch in raising the Troopi| 
b Perhaps a Guarrantee of the Pay to the Soldiers may be necessary. 

Answer of Col. — We have viewed this Business in the same Light 
— ^speot the members of the Assembly will make a Heose next 
Monday — we shall lay the affair before them in soch a manner as to 
show onr opinion that not a moment of time is to be lost in the 
Bzeontion of the Measare. 

As to the 2d. Pdint — We cannot be positive, but we think ift 
probable, that from the Circumstances of the Case, the Legislature 
may consider these states bound to make good the pay to Ike < '^ 
& Soldiers.* ' 

Ssc'y Armstrong to the Magistract and Sheriff of 
Northumberland Co., 1784. 

Philada., July 24th, 1784. 

We are sorry to learn that the distnrbances in the neighbourhood 
of Wyoming have within these few days revived under so serious a 
form & that the two parties have proceeded to actual hostilities. 
In this situation it becomes the duty of Council to req|uire you by 
every legal means in your power thoroughly to investigate the fkcts 
& to proceed with the utmost vigor, ft impartiality, so that every 
Person committing an outrage upon the peace of the County, & the 
dignity of the State may l^ duly punished. The more effectually 
to countenance these proceedings Council have thought proper to 
direct the Lieutenant of Northampton Connty to hold a militia de- 
tachment in immediate readiness to proceed to your aid should any 
assistance of thb kind be thought necessary. 

I am, &c., with great regard. Gentlemen, 
your most obed. humble 8ervant| 

JOHN ARMSTBONa, Jan., Secy. 

7nr?orW,— July 24th, 1784, Copy of a letter to the Magistrtoy 
and Sheriff of North'ld Co., the original committed to Mr. Mead for 
oouvcyance, Entd. 

* The foregoing appears to be a rough memoraadnm of the oonfMrtnoe in 
President Dickimion's writing. As tliere is nothing on the minutes respeoting 
it, it is all that appears on the nature of it. 


Seo't AEHSTRONa TO Thomas O&Aia, 1784. 

SeoreUrj'8 Office, 

Phikd'a, July 24th, 1784. 
Dear Colonel^ 

The distarbanoes at Wyoming have taken so alarming a cast and 
eeem to be immediately directed against the peace & dignity of the 
State — as to call for some very early & vigorous measures on the 

Srt of Gh>Ternment. Letters have accordingly been written to the 
lertff & Magistracy of Northumberland County, requiring them to 
institute an immediate enquiry into the fiiets i proceed to the ex^ 
aoution of the laws with all possible energy. TTo give the greater 
force to these proceedings, Council have also thought proper to 
direct you to hold some part of your MiliUa in readiness to act at a 
moments warning, as from many circumstances Ihey are lead to 
believe that the exertion of a miliatry force will soon become 

I am, my dear Col., 

yours, &C., &c. 

To Thomas Craig, Esq., Lieu't of Northampton Co. 

BsTUBN OF Criminals confined in ihb Jail of thb 
City and County of Philadelphia, 1784. 

Return of the Criminals Confined in the Jail of the City & County 
of Philaaelphia, July 26th, 1784. f 

THOBiAs Wall, Tryed. — Committed by Plunket Fleeson, Esq. 
May 26th, 1782. Charged on suspicion of attempting to Rob a 
House in this City st the Corner of Vine Street & front Streets, & 
sundry other Charges. 

iij:.EANoa WaiOHT, Tryed. — Committed by William McMullin, 
Esq., Nov'r 23d, 1782. Charged with Stealing the Property of 
Patrick Mulholland. 

Barbara Orist, Tryed. — Committed by Jn« Miller, Esq., May 
12th, 1783. Charged with stealing the sum of two pounds one 
Shilling & five pence specie, the property of Barbara Roop. 

Mathias Lukins, Tried. — Committed by John Moore, Esq., 
May 26th, 1783. Charged with Killing & Murdering Philip Keiser 
of Kingsessing. 

John Carroll, Tryed. — Committed by Plunket Fleeson, Esq:, 
May 27th, 1783. Charged with Robbing the Store of Stephen 
Austin & Co., and part of Uie goods found in his possession. 

♦ Se« Col. Rec, Vol. XIV., p. 167. 
t See page 286. 


BiCHARD SHiNNORy Tryed. — Committed by Conrt^ Jane Sd, 1783. 
Charged with Robbing a man. 

Oeoboe Doniyor, Tryed. — Committed by Isaac Howell, Esq., 
June 6th, 1783. Charged on suspicion of stealing a piece of Chints, 
the property of Wm. Adcock, Esq. 

AJicniBALD Taylor, Tryed. — Committed by Plunket Fleeson, 
Eaq., June 2l8t, 1783. Charged on suspicion of Robbing Jn'o 
Francis Volly on the Highway of 4 half Johannises & sundry 
Wearing Apperil. 

Joseph Sutton, Tryed. — Committed by Plunket Fleeson, Esq., 
July 8th, 1783. Charged with Horse Stealing. 

Thomas Mount, Tryed. — Committed by Plunket Fleeson, Esq., 
July 12th, 1783. Charged with stealing a piece of Calico, the 
property of Edw'd Pole. 

John Kean & James Munks, Tryed. — Committed by the Court| 
July 29th, 1783. Charged with an Assault & Battery. 

Patrick Fitzsimmons & Malcom MoFaRland, Tryed. — Com- 
mitted by Plunket Fleescn, Esq., August 8th, 1783. Charged on 
suspicion of stealing a Looking Glass the property of Jacob Jeams. 
Sarah Brown, Tryed. — Committed by John Moore, Esq., Aug. 
25th 1788. Charged on suspicion of stealing 5 Silver Spoons, found 
in her possession. 

James McGuire, Tryed. — Committed by Benj'n Paschall, Esq., 
Aug't 29th 1783. Charged with stealing a Watch the property of 
Mary Brown, also Charged with stealing 1 p' of silver BuckleB the 
prop' of Mary Hunt. 

John Butler, Tryed. — Committed by Benj'n Paschall, Esq. 
Aug't 29th, 1783. Charged with stealing a Cow, the property of 
Thomas Wiikcy, also Charged with stealing a Cow, the property of 
Tho's Hall. 

James Kelly, Tryed. — Committed by Benj'n Paschall, Esq., 
Sep. 10th, 1783. Charged with stealing a Mare the property of 
Adam Levingston. 

Ann Pembroke, Tryed. — Committed by John Miller, Esq., Sep. 
29th, 1788. Charged on suspicion of stealing a Quantity of GoodS| 
the prop' of persons unknown. 

EdVd Connard.— Committed Oct'r 2l8t, 1788. Charged by 
virtue of a Proclamation by the president & Council being attainted 
with High Treason k out Law'd. Delivered by Capt'n Franks. 

John Foster, Tryed.— Committed by the Court, Oct. 29«*, 1783. 
Charged with Stealing a Horse, the property of Joel Evans. 

IsAAO Austin, Tryed. — Committed by W" McMuIlin, Esq., 
Nov' 13% 1783. Charged with stealing the property of Paul 

Thomas Charles, Tryed. — Committed by Benjamin Paschall, 
Esq., Nov 15'», 1783. Charged with Stealing a Jacket, the prop^ 
of Jonathan Edwards. 


Mart Pailet, Trjed.— Gommitted by William M'MulHp, Esq.^ 
Nov 29^'', 1783. Charged with Keeping a Disorderly House. 

Andrew Leblon, John Goodryon, & Lewis Colonet, All 
three Tryed. — Gommitted by the Honorable Thomas McKean, Esq., 
Dec 1*^, 1783. Charged with Assulting, beating & wounding the 
body of George MoNealy. 

Joseph Bottomlt, Tryed. — Committed by Plnnket Fleeson, Esq., 
Dec 23', 1783. Charged with a Breach of the peace & an Assaalt 
& Battery on the Body of Ge*> Hacket & Others. 

Daniel Kh^O, Tryed. — Committed by Benj> Paschall, Esq., 
Dec 26'S 1783. Charged with Stealing a Great Coat the prop^ of 
James Morris. 

John Smith, Tryed. — Committed by Plunket Fleeson, Esq., 
Dec 27% 1783. Charged with Stealing a saddle from off a Horse 
in Market Street. 

Philip Hooi'NAOLB, Tryed. — Committed by the Honorable 
-Thomas MoKean, Esquire, Dec30'>', 1783. Charged with Robb- 
ing the Coach House of Rob< Morris, Esquire, & Stealing from 
thenoe Sundry Goods, & Wearing Apperil, &o. 

Daniel Williams. — Committed by the Honorable Thomas 
HcKean, Esquire, Jan' 9% 1781. Charged with divers Bobberys, 
of which he is Attainted. 

John Philips, Tryed. — Committed by Plunket Fleeson, Esq., Jan' 
12% 1784. Charged with Robbing the Store of Edw^ Pole, & 
brei^ng Open & Robbing the Store of Jn* Strawbridge. 

William Conner & George Davis, Tryed. — Committed by 
Plunket Fleeson, Esq., Feb" 2% 1784. Charged with Stealing 2 
Horses the prop^ of Jn" Garrett of Southwark. 

James Brown, Tryed.— Committed by Plunket Fleeson, Esq., 
FoV 3', 1784. Charged with Robbing Edw^ Pole & Others, & 
under Indictment in the City Court. 

John Chandler, Tryed. — Committed by Plunket Fleeson, Esq., 
Feb' b% 1784. Charged with throwing the Mate of the Ship 
Commeroo Overboard. 

John Morgan, Tryed. — Committed by William Rush, Esq., 
March 12'i>, 1784. Charged with Stealing a pieoe of Marcillas 
Quilting, the prop* of Peter Gallegher. 

Charles Watman, Tryed. — Committed by W» M«MulHn, Esq.j 
April 7*S 1784. Charged with Stealing the prop* of Jn« Walker. 

Charles Smith, Tryed. — Committed by Isaac Howel, Esquire, 
April 8"', 1784. Charged with Stealing Goods, the prop* of Thomaa 

Godfrey Zimmerman, Tryed. — Committed by William Rush, 
Esq., April 26<>', 1784. Charged with Stealing some Goods, the 
property of Lazarous Bamet. 

WiLLLVM Reed. — Committed by Plunket Fleeson, Esq., April 
27% 1784. Charged with 111 Designs & Chalanging to £ight| &o. 


Mich'l Powers, Tryed.— Committed by The Court, April 28**, 
1784. Charged with an Assault & Battery on the body of John 

John Moo&k, Tryed. — Committed by the Honorable Thomas 
McKean, Esquire, April 28'S 1784. Charged with Stealing a 
Horse, the property of Bcnj" Shoemaker. 

Thomas Fish, Tryed. — Committed by Jn" Miller, Esq., April 
2S^y 1784. Charged with Stealing a White Bonnet, 2 Black Ditto, 
1 Silk Cloak, the property of Job Lepinoot. 

Robert Powell, Tryed. — Committed by William McMullin, 
Esq., May 10^% 1784. Charged with an Assault & Battery on the 
Body of Mary Powell. 

Will'm Callaghan, Tryed. — Committed by Wm. McMuUin, 
Esq., May ll^", 1784. Charged with Stealing the prop^ of William 

Sam'l Hambleton. — Committed by Isaac Howell, Esq., May 
11*^, 1784. Charged on Suspicion of an Assult & Battery on the 
body of Tho" Wilson — And on Suspioion of Felony. 

Ghasles GhiEEii. — Committed by Isaac Howell, Esq., May 12^, 
1784. Charged with Doing his wife personal Injury. 

KoDOiR McClanaqan, Tryed. — Committed by W- McMullin, 
Esq., May 14'^, 1784. Charged with Stealing the prop^ of Kobert 

Hugh Mulholand. — Committed by Will" Bush, May 15% 
1784. Charged on Suspicion of Stealing 12 pounds State Money, 
a Silver Stock Buckel, and a Pincushon Chair. 

James Holland, Jno. Lkcdland, & James Hustons, all 3 
Tryed. — Committed by Benj" Paschall, Esq., May 17, 1784. Charged 
with Stealing a Jacket, the prop* of Tho* Volet, their Master. 

Daniel Muneoes. — Committed by W" Bush, Esq., May 18**, 
1784. Charged on Suspicion of being Concerned with others in 
Stealing twelve pounds State Money & some other Articles, tho 
prop* of Mary Switzcr. 

John Benson. — Committed by Benj" Paschall, Esq., May 10*% 
1784. Charged with having Stolen Goods in his possession. 

Eleanor LiNDON. — Committed by Benj" Paschall, Esq., May 20»', 
1784. Charged with Harbouring Jn<» Benson & John McDonald. 

John McDormit. — Committed by Bonj" Paschall, Esq., May 
24*% 1784. Charged with Stealing Sundry Wearing Apperil. 

Thomas Bantling. — Committed by William Rush, Esq., May 
24*^, 17S1. Charged with Fornication Committed on Beb^ca Mo 

Edw'd Nuton. — Committed by Benj" Paschall, Esq., May 26»* 
1784. Charged with Opening a House by Henry Williams. 

Charles De Lonucuamp, Tryed. — Committed by the Honora« 
ble George Bryan, Esquire, May 25**'^ 1784. Charged with an 
Assault and Battery on the body of tho Hon^^ Francis Barbe 
Marboys Consul General of France. 


John Karr & John McDonald, Tryed. — Committed by the 
Honorable Thomas McKeaD, Esquire, May 26% 1784. Charged 
with Robbing Thomas Leming in South Wark. 

Sam'l Savenigh. — Committed by William Rush, Esq., May 
28% 1784. Charged on Suspicion of Stealing a piece of Ghecht 
Linnen the prop* of Ge* A. Bahore. 

Charles Shavler & Arthur Harbert. — Committed by Benj" 
Paschall, Esq., May 29*^, 1784. Charged on.Suspicion of Stealing 
8 Silver Table Spoons & 7 tea ditto, the prop* of Mary Linn. 

John Murpht. — Committed by Isaac Howell, Esq., June 5*'', 
1784. Charged on Suspicion of Felony, by Andrew Tybout. 

John Southerland, Tryed. — Committed by Will" McMuUin, 
Esq., June 7% 1784. Charged with Stealing the property of 
Mary Raisins & Sarah Barrey. 

Joseph Chalk. — Committed by Bcnj" Paschall, Esq., June 8'^, 
1784. Charged with Sundry Robberys, by him Committed in 
Company with Jn* McDonald, John Benson & Others. 

Will'm Smith. — Committed by Benj* Paschall, Esq., Junoll***, 
1784. Charged with Stealing a pair of Silver Buckela the property 
of Tho* Cooke. 

John Buokius. — Committed by William Rush, Esq., June 12*>', 
1784. Charged by Margaret Truely, of Stealing thirty-five French 

Andrew Brady. — Committed by Benj* Paschall, Esq., June 
18^, 1782. Charged with Stealing twenty Gold Rings, the prop^ of 
W" Donaveou. 

John Traiot. — Committed by William Rush, Esq., June 19'^, 
1784. Charged with Stealing a Case of Raiors & some Wearing 
Apperil, the property of Capt" Jeremiah Simmons. 

Margaret Burnet. — Committed by Benj" Paschall, Esq., June 
22^ 1784. Charged by Ann Darrough with Stealing 3 Handker- 
chiefs & one pocket Book, &c. 

George Crowder, Patrick Green & Mary Marr. — Com- 
mitted by Plnnket Flecson, Esq., June 25'% 1784. Charged on 
Suspicion of Robbing the Store of Joseph Turner. 

Christopher Grogshop. — Committed by John Moore, Esq., 
June 25*^, 1784. Charged with an Assault & Battery on the body 
of Margaret Grooshop. 

JoftN Ud worth. — Committed by Benj" Paschall, Esq., June 28*^, 
1784. Charged with Stealing two pair of Moreen Shoes, the pro- 
perty of George Morris. 

Mathew Dawson. — Committed by William Rush, Esq., June 
28*^, 1784. Charged with Stealing Sundry Goods the property of 
Persons Unknown. 

John Bgyd & James David. — Committed by Plunket Fleeson 
Esq., June 29^, 1784. Charged on Suspicion of Stealing some 
Leather, the property of M' Willing. 


Mast Carson. — Committed by Jn» Miller Esq., June 29«*, 
1784. Cbamd with an Assault & Battery on the Bodys of Judith 
Emery and ^ancis Cooper, Constable. 

Francis Rose. — Committed by Isaac Howell; Esq., June 29^, 
1784. Chafed with Suspicion of Felony. 

John Bouoausio & Peter Le Coster. — Committed by Tsaao 
Howell, Esq., June 29^, 1784. Charged on Suspicion of Felony 
by OaptF Stephens, Mendouphin. 

John Napp. — Committed by William Rush, Esq., July 2*, 1784. 
Charged with Stealing Nine pair of Men's Shoes, & three dollars, 
the property of George Morris. 

Wm. Murphet. — Committed by John Miller, July 8*, 1784. 
Charged with an Assult & Battery on the body of Samuel Powell. 

James MoMullin. — Cmmitted by Isaac Howell, Esq.; July 3% 
1784. Charged with an Assault & Battery on the body of Daniel 
Murphey, & also Robbing him of 2 half Johannises. 

Joseph Bradon. — Committed by Samuel Wharton, Esq.; July 
5*^, 1784. Charged with his not finding Securities for his Good 
behaviour towards Emelia Taylor & Mary Purvis. 

Philip Wies, Tryed. — Cmmitted by the Supreme Court July 
6**, 1784. Sentenced by the Supremo Court to pay a fine of fifty 
dollars, to be imprisoned 3 months, to Give Security for his Good 
behaviour himself in £500 ; another security in £250; & to pay 

John Parr. — Committed by Isaac Howell, Esq., July S% 1784. 
Charged on Suspicion of Felony. 

BuRKLY McDonald. — Committed by Benj" Paschall, Esq., 
July 9*^; 1784. Charged with Stealing a pair of Silver Buckles, 
the property of Christopher Ibish. 

Daniel Etter. — Committed by the Honorable Thomas McKean, 
Esquire, July IS***, 1784. Charged on Suspicion of Murdering 
Oeorge Fitler. 

George Masman. — Committed by William Rush, Esq., July 
16<>'; 1784. Charged with taking a false Oath, which he has been 
Convicted of by a Writting in the Hands of Thomas Bradford. 

Mary Pendegrace. — Committed by Benj" Paschall; Esq , July 
17^, 1784. Charged by her Husband; Jn" PendergracC; with Com- 
mitting adultry. 

John Burns. — Committed by Benj" Paschall, Esq., July 17% 
1784. Charged by Jn<» Pendegrace with Committing Fornication 
with his Wife. 

John Long. — Committed by Plunket Fleeson, Esq., July 20**, 
1784. Charged with an Assault & Battery on the body of his 

Isaac Hu-skins. — Committed by William Masters, Esq., July 
20<*, 1784. Charged with Stealing one Great Coat the property of 
Mathias Creidcr. 


Nicholas FirzQRRALD. — Committed by William Rush, Esq., 
Jalv 20"^, 1784. Charged with an AaBault & Battery on the body 
of his Wife. 

HsNaT Pjbu>880US. — Committed by William Masters, Esq., July 
21>S 1784. Charged with Stealing 121b of powder, thd property of 
Gapt^ John Eve, of Frankford. 

Baenit O'Nbal.— Committed byBenj> Pa8chall,£8q., Jnly22S 
1784. Charged with Stealing a pair Silver Bookies & one pair of 
Shoes, the property of George Moore. 

LiTKB KsATiNa. — Committed by the Honorable Thomas Kean, 
Esquire, July 22', 1784. Charged with Coonterfiting & Forging 
the House of Amos Ti^lor & Others. 
His Excellency the President and the Supreme Ezecntiye Council 

of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 

In consequence of your Order of the eighth of July, I have ex- 
tracted from the Record of the Goal for the City and County of 
Philadelphia, the names and Crimes of all the persons Committed 
for criminal Offences. 


Ck)UNCiL OP CsNBOBS TO Pbbs. ahd Couhcil, 1784. 

In the Cooneil of Censors, 

July 26th, 1784. 

By an Order of Council of this Day I am directed to request your 
Excellency & the Hon'ble, the Supreme Executive Council, to inform 
them '^ whether any proceeding at your Hon'ble Board is carried on 
by Balliot,f or silent and secret Vote, and if there be, how such prao- 
tioe accords with the Right to which every Member is entitled of 
entering his Reasons of Dissent firom any proceeding upon the 
Jouriuib of Council I have the Honour to be respectfully, 
Sir, your Exoellencv's ^ 

Most obedient, humble Servant, 
His Excellency, the President of the Supreme Executive Council. 

War Offiob to Pbbs. Dickinson, 1784. - 

War Office, July 28th, 1784. 

In obedience to the act of Congress of the 3d June last, I do my- 
self the honor to inform your Excellency that the followbg Officers, 

* See page 286. f See page 806. 


bendes one Lieutenant Colonel Commandant^ one Regimental 
Sargeon and one Mate, will be required of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania to command her quota of Militia to be raised under that 
resolution for the defence of the Western pouts. 
Artillery, 1 Captain, 2 Lieutenants. 
Infantry, 2 Captains, 2 Lieutenants^ 2 Ensigns. 
I haye the Honor to be. 

With the highest respect, 

Your Excellency's mostobed. H'ble Sery't, 


(Public Service.) 
His Excellency^ The President of Pensylvania. 
War Office. 

260 — 3 Companies & 50 men to the State of Pennsylvania. 
Pennsylvania, 75 men to a Company will be 3 Companies & 35 mon. 
New York, - - - 2 « 15 " 

Connecticut, - - - 2 " 15 " 

Jersey, - - - 1 << 35 *< 


Sbo'y Armstrong *to Thomas Craio, Esq., Lieutenant of 
THE County of Northampton, 1784. 

Secretary's Office, P-, July 29th, 1784. 

I beg leave to transmit the enclosed Resolutions of Council of this 
day* — ^^b^J ^^^ sufficiently explain the Intentions of Qovemment. 
Captain Boyd & myself have already directed a supply of Ammu- 
nition to be forwarded to you. We shall exert ourselves to procure 
an immediate Conveyance for it. 

The Resolutions which regard the County of Northumberland| 
are dispatched thither by Express, & wo hope that an immediate 
oo-operation may be brought about. 

I have now to request, from personal as well as public motives, that 

you will make choice of such Officers as from your acquaintance with 

them, will best merit your nomination & the Confidence of the State. 

Enclosed is the additional supplement to the Militia Law, under 

which you are to act. 

We propose to set off to-morrow or next day, at farthest, & 
hope to find ourselves enabled to proceed without any great delay. 
I am, dear Col., 

y Ob. & very humble ser*, 

JOHN ARMSTRONG, jr., Seo^j. 
* See CoL Beo., Vol^ XIV., p. 167. 


Sbo*y ABMSi&oNa TO Sheriff of Nobthttmbbrlabd Co., 


To the Sheriff of Northnmberland, 
Philad% July 29, 1784. 
By the enclosed Resolutions, you will find it the intentions of 
Government to proceed with the utmost energy against every person, 
without diacrimination, who has outraged y« Tranquillity of the State, 
— By the 3' Resolution, you will observe the necessity of going 
hand in hand w^ Captain Willson — & with him, awaiting the fii^ther 
directions provided for by the 4^ Resolution. The ground opposite 
the mouth of Nescopeck Creek, is assigned as the plaoe of Rendezvous. 
I am, &c., &o.y 

JOHN ARMSTRONG, jr., Sec'y. 
Some of y* writs to be executed are enclosed. 
July 29th, 1784. 


County of Northumberland, 1784. 

Philad., July 29, 1784. 

Enclosed you have a copy of some resolutions of Council of this 
day.^ They are of such a nature as to require your greatest possi- 
ble industry & attention. 

In addition to them, I have to tell you — that Council, from the 
confidence they have in your capacity & Attachment, wish you to 
engage for the supply of the Troops which may be called forth by 
your Order. The price they propose to give, is 10} D. per Ration. 
The quantity to be procured must depend upon your own Calcula- 
tions — for 88 this business will be subject to much Contingency, it 
is impossible for Council to hazard a single conjecture on that score.' 

I have also to communicate their wishes, that you will not only 
pay the greatest attention to the Character of the Officers nominated 
to the Command of the men, & by all means avoid such as have been 
distinguished by their predilections to either side of the Question — 
but that you will also come on with the troops yourself to the ground 
opposite to y* mouth of Nescopeck Creek, where we will endeavor 
to meet you with the Northampton Detachment. As it is impossible 
to calculate with much precision upon the movements of Militia — 
we cannot venture to name the day on which we shall be there, but 
the probability is, that we shall reach it before you, as it is our in- 

* See CoL Bec^Vol. XIV., page 166. 


taniion to moye as expeditiously as possible. If so, we will com- 
omnioate with you by letter, or otherwise, & direct to what otbet 
point you are to shape yoar movements. 

The Sheriff of your County will receive the Orders of Council to 
co-operate with us, & under the countenance we shall afford, be pre- 
pared to execute the writs which have been issued by the Judicial 

You will remember, also, to bring with you whatever ammunition 
or other public stores that may be deposited at Sunbury; 
if you should have no powder, you will make a purchase of such 
quantity as will be necessary for your party, as it might bo impru- 
dent to come forward without it. 

I have only to add, y* if you should bo at the place of Kendezvous 
before us, you will take euch steps as will best secure you against 
disasters of any kind. — All this command, however, you are to ex- 
ercise with great address, & let it appear to be rather the effect of 
advice & persuasion, than the result of authority. 

To Capt. Wilson. 

Thomas Craig to Pres. Dickinson, 1784. 

Easton, July 22«, 1784. 

I inclose a return of the outstanding fines (except twenty five 
pounds some shillings that has been collected in the sixth Battalion 
and paid into the Treasury) in th3 first, third, fourth and sixth 
Battalions, for the fall 1783, and of the first, third, and sixth, for 
the Spring 1784, 1 have not been able to get a return for the Spring 
1784 of the fourth, commanded by Colonel Eean, nor anv of the 
second and fifth, commanded by Colonels Beabm and Stroud. 

Doubtless your Excellency and the Honorable Council, will think 
me wanting in point of duty, for not having made this return fully 
by the first of this Instant, but flatter myself that when, you come 
to consider how difficult it is to collect them fromjthe different parts 
of the County, the people they are to be got from, and that I am 
totally unassisted by preceeding examples, you will I hope make 
just allowance — for permit me to assure your Honorable Body, that 
I have done everything in my power, except that of putting the law 
in force, and that should have been done before this time, only that 
I waited for the abstracts of the outstanding fines, that have been 
delivered to the Comptroller General by my predecessors, in order 
to make the business of the collection more easy, and less expensive. 
I am told there was no orders issued for exercising in the Spring of 


1783y and tkat (he Militia did not assemble^ oonseqaently their will 
B0$ be anj retuniB made for that period. 
I have the honor to be 

with all due esteem and respect 

your Ezcellenoys most obed* 

and most Hble Serv*, 

Diredadj — On pnblio Servioe, 

His Exoellencj John Dickinson, Esquire, Preadent of the Sa- 
preame Executive Council; Philadelphia. 

A Betum of the fines arising from Delinquents in Northampton 
County on the different days of exercise as made to me by the 
Commanding Officers of Battalions. 

Easton, July 22% 1784. 
For IWl, 1783. For Spring, 1784. 


118 5 

!•* Battalion, £ 24 5 

8« BattaUon, 106 15 

4*» Battalion, 65 

6*^ Battalion, 92 5 

I do certify that the above return is as true as it is possible for 
me to make it, from the returns I received from the difl^rent Com- 
manding officers of Battalions. 


Northampton County. 

pRES. Dickinson to Council of CensoMb, 1784. 

In Council, July 80, 1784. 
Thn Board proceeds by Ballot* only in Eloctions to Office. 
I am with great Respect, 

Sir, your most obedient 

& humble servant, 


The Honorable Predlc A. Muhlenburg, President of the Coundl 
of Censors 

*" Soe page, 802. 


Pebs. DiCKnrsoN to Messrs. Botd &; Abmstbokg, 1784. 

In Connolly Angost 10, 1784. 

We have received your Letter by Captain Schott, and are in 
Hopes, that when the Insurgents are convinced of the determined 
Resolution of the Government, to insist upon a due submission to 
the authority of the people of Penn*, they will desist from further 

As soon as they are in that Disposition, you will please to have 
the proper legal steps taken, that those who have disturbed the 
Peace, of whatever party they are, may be rendered answerable for 
their Conduct. It shall be our Endeavour, as it is our Duty, to 
impress this Principle, that it is extreme folly for men to expect, 
they shall promote their real Interests by a Contempt for the Laws 
of their Country. 

Tho Fortifications at Wyoming we would have levelled and totally 
destroyed, & the Cannon, arms removed to Sunbury, & their safely 

I am Gentlemen, 

with great Esteem and Regard, 

Your obedient and very humble servant, 


Honble Jn* Boyd and Lieutenant Colonel John Armstrong. 

Comm'bs of the County of Philadelphia to Council, 


To His Excell^y John Dickinson, Esq*", President, and the Hon- 
ourable the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania. 


The Commissioners having been applied to for some of the Iron 
work of the Old Goal, which induced us to examine the Laws res- 
pecting the Sale of the Old Goal, Work-house and house of Correct 
lion, find by an act passed the 26*^ day of February, 1773, pase 488. 
that the Commissioners were impowered to make Sale of the Old 
Goal, &o. By a Supplement to the Act intitled ^ An Act for erect* 
ing a New Goal, Work-house and house of Correction, in the Citj 
of Philadelphia,^' passed 1775, page 523, whermn it is recited, that 
the Commissioners were impowered by the first mentioned act to sell 
the Old Goal &c. On a further examination of the Laws, find that 
by an act passed the 28"^ day of Feb'y, 1780, page 269, in the third 


Seeiion, that the power of making Sale of the old Goal &c., ia takea 
from the Commiaaionen, and veated in the Supreme Exeontive 
Coaacil, which puts it out of the Commissioners power to give the 
appljers an answer. We beg the favour of Council to take it into 
consideration^ and give us their directions. 
We are Gentlemen 

Tour most Obedient 

and very HumV' Servants, 

Philad-, Aug* 12*S 1784. 

His Excellency John Dickinson, ^^% President^ &o. &o. &o. 

MicHABL Ryan to Council, 1784. 

To JHis Excellency the President and the Hon**« the Supreme Ex- 
ecutive Council of Pennsylvania. 
The Memorial of Michael Ryan, 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That your Memorialist being an Inhabitant of this State very 
early embarked in the Cause of America, and served with reputation 
in many Capacities, as he can elucidate from General Washington's 
approbation of his Conduct when he left the Army and other respec- 
table Testimonials. That your Memorialist continued in the said 
service between three and four years and when he resigned it was 
owing to his being injured in his Rank from an accidental appoint- 
ment which then took place. That as soon as your Memorialist left 
the Service of the United States he was immedflitely thereupon 
appointed Inspector General of the Militia of this State, and thus 
altogether remained in the Public Service as a Military Character 
the principal part of the Late War. That your Meflbrialist obtained 
Certificates for his depreciation of pay from the Auditors appointed 
under the act of assembly in that case made and provided which Certi- 
ficates have been long since transferred and negociated as Money 
Bona fide and justly due to him. 

That a Capias ad respondendum has now issued against your Memo- 
rialist to recover back of him the am< and value of the said Certificate 
(being about £547) and your memorialist is now in the Custody of 
the Sheriff of this City and County. That your Memorialist con- 
ceives it very Cruel after disposing of a Certifioate obtained in man- 
ner aforesaid to be called upon to refund the same. 

Your Memorialist conceiving himself very much injured under 
these oircamstances is advis'd to apply to the Hon*'* House of 
Assembly for redress. 

* See Col. Rcc, Vol. XIV., p. 178. 


He therefore in the meantime prays your Hon'ble Board will be 
Pleased to stay and Postpone the proceedings against him and make 
BQch order in the premises as to your Wisdom may seem meet 
Your Memorialist will ever pray, &e., 


Philadelphia, Aug"* 13*^ 1784. 

See act for settling Depreo'on Accts, passed 13 April, 1780, & 
Retolotion of the Gen^ Ass^ of August 27, 1783. Koad in Gouncii 
17th of Aug<, 1784, and rejected. 

To His Excellency the President and The Hon'ble The Supreme 
Executive Council of Pennsylvania. 

John Shribbr to Prbs. Dickinson, 1784. 

Lancaster, Aug" 16th, 1784. 

The Council having appointed me to the Care of the Barracks, 
Public Store-house & Powder Magazine in this Town, I beg leave to 
inform them that one of the Gable Ends has lately been broke down 
by the ^11 of a Chimney from that part of the Barracks which was 
lately sold, this accident has laid open some of the Booms and will 
receive much injury from the weather indeed the whole of the Bar- 
racks are in a ruinous situation and unless a now roof is put on the 
whole barracks will be destroyed in a Short Time. 

I am Sir 

Your h'ble Sorv*, 


Pres. Dickinson to Lieut. Col. Harmeb, 1784. 

In Council, 

August 14, 1784. 

Agreeable to our Communication of this Day ; You will prooeed 
immediately to inlist and embody three Companies of In&ntry, Eaoh 
consisting of seventy Men, and fifty Men as part of Artillery Company. 

In penorming this service, you will please to conform strioUy to 
the following lUiles : 

First — ^To guard against Impodtaon, evei^ Beemit, before his 
Attestation be signed, is to be oarefully examined, least he should 

Vol. X— 14. 


litTe a Bapture, fitSi or some other Disease, which may render him 
incapable of performing the more active Doties of a soldier. All 
such, and also, all persons who ha^e been in the British service at 
any time daring the late War, and also, all persons who have been 
in the American service and have not been honorably discharged, 
are to be absolately rejected, and those of the best Oharaoter, both 
as soldiers & Men, to be selected. 

Secondly — ^When an unexceptionable Recruit shall be engaged, 
yoa are to take or send him to some justice of the Peace, who find- 
ing him to be sober, & having read to him the form of the inlist- 
ment, & attestation is to cause the recruit to sign the said inlist- 
menty & then administer to him the oath herewith incloeed 
duplicate of which attestation and inlistment the justice shall wit- 
ness. Of these one Copy is to be transmitted to this Board, the 
other you will retain in your own hands. 

Thirdly*— The inclosed form of inlistment & attestation is to be 
invariably observed. 

Fourthly — ^As an Encouragement for the inlistment of such 
Becmit, you are authorized to offer on the part of the United States 
the Pay, subsistence & Bations heretofore allowed to the Troops of 
The United States, and one months pay after the Troops are em- 
bodied before their March. 

Fifthly — Council expect a weekly Beport of your progress in 
this Business till it be concluded. 

I am, Sir, 
your obedient 
& hble. Servt., 


Lieutenant Colonel, Josiah Harmer. 

Acknowledgement & Attestation. 

I acknowledge 

myself to be fairly & truely inlisted in the Pennsvlvania Troops 
commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Josiah Harmer for the space of 
one year, unless sooner discharged. 

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my Hand this Day 

of 1784. 


I do swear 

to be true & faithful to the United States of America, that I will 
faithfully serve them in the Troops commanded by Lieutenant 
Colonel Josiah Harmer for the space of one year from^ the 
Date of this attestation unless sooner discharged, and that I will be 
obedient to the orders of Congress and of the Committee of the 
State in the Becoss of Congress; and to the officers who are or shall 
bo set over me, according to the Bules & Begulations formed for the 


gOTernmeiit of ihe late Army of the United States, or ench Boles 
and Regulations, as Congress or a Committee of the State may 
form. So help Me. 

Sworn before Me 
a Jastice of the Peace, A.B. 

this Day of 1784. 

MoNS. Db Mabbois to Pres. Dickinson, 1784. 


Philadelphia, 15 August, 1784. 

1 cannot too much thank your Excellency for having furnished 
me with an opportunity to amend the mistake of the Copyist in the 
Letter, which I had the honour to write to you on the 8th of Juno 
last.* It is so palpable, and the Sense which it presents so contrary 
to the respect which I profess and Owe to the Supreme Council, 
that I am really grieved at not having sooner had an opportunity of 
transmitting to you the original of this Letter. 

I have the honour to send you an exact Copy of it, and I beg 
you to consider the other as null as it is so in fact 

I eagerly embrace this opportunity of Requesting you Sir, to 
assure the Council of my unremitted attention to whatever may con« 
tribute to the maintenance of the Friendship and good Understand- 
ing between the two Nations, and of the satisfaction which I feci in 
meeting with the same dispositions in your Excellency and the 
Supreme Council. 

I am, 
with respect Sir, 

Your Excellency's 
Most humble and 
most obd Servant, 


Lt. Col. Josiah IZabmab to Pbes. Dickinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia, August 16tb, 1784. 
The respectable appointment,! which your honorable body has 
been pleased to confer upon me, and the very polite manner in 
which it was done, lay me under particular obligations, to your £z- 

• See Col. Rec., Vol. XIV., p. 140- 

t Lt Col. Commandant for proteetion of N. W. froDtitrs.— Cot Bec«, 
XlV. p. 177. 


oeUenoy and Coanoil. Indeed, I oannot suffieiently ozpresB my 
feeling npon this oocasion ; I shall therefore eDdeayour, by a steady 
attention to the duties of this appointment, to render every possible 
servioe to my oonntry, and thereby merit the approbation of your 
honorable board. 

I have the honor to be. 

Your Ezcellenoy's 

& Councils most 

ob* & very hble. Servt., 


-His Ezoellenoy, John Dickinson, Esq., & The Honorable The 
Supreme Executive Council, Pennsylvania. 

ELBonoif OF Oommiss'rs to bxamike thb Susquehanna, 


State of Pennsylvania, 
In General Assembly. 

Tuesday, August 17, 1784. A. M. 
A^eably to the order of the day, the House proceeded to the 
election of a Commissioner (in the room of William Montgomery,. 
Esquire, who hath resigned) to examine the navigation of the Sus- 
quehanna to the souroes of the same, and ascertain as near as conve- 
niently may be where the northern boundary of thu State will fall, 
pirticularly whether any part of Lake Erie is within the State of 
Pennsylvania, &c., conformably to a resolution of the late Assembly, 
passed the fifteenth day of September last, when the ballots being 
taken it appeared that Joseph Montgomery, Esquire, was duly 

Extract from the Minutes, 

J. SHALLUS, Ass* Clerk 

of the General Assembly. 

Prbs. Dickinson to Robbrt Morris, 1784. 

In Council, August 19, 1784. 

~r Colonel Harmar has this morning reported to os, that you do not 
think yourself empowered to furnish the sums reqfuisite for subsisting 
the Quota of Troops required from this Commonwealth by the Reso- 
lution of Congress of the third Day of June last, and that therefore 
he cannot proceed in enlisting the Men, tho' numbers haye offered. 


6j the seventh of the said ResolutioDs it is directed, '< That the 
Saperintendant of the FiDanoes of the United States take orde^ for 
liirnishing on the Warrant of the Secretary of the War Office, the 
•luns requisite for earrjing the foregoing Resolation into effect/' 

Conformablj to the Letter and Spirit of this Resolution the Oen- 
eral Assembly has by the Late Law founded on the befoTementioned 
Acty ordered, '' that the pay, Rations & subsistence of the officers & 
Hen shall be the same as have been heretofore allowed, provided such 

ry, Rations, Subsistence & other Expenses of raisiDg, supporting 
maintaining the said Troops be furnished by the United States/' 
We are of opinion, that this State ought only to furnish and not to 
feed the Men; & we should be extremely sorry, that after such 
prompt & zealous Exertions on the part of Pennsylvania, for accom- 
plishing the Intentions of Oongress, the whole Plan should be now 
defeated by a Construction put upon their Expressions by any of 
their own officers. 

J. D* 
To the Hon. Robert Morris, Esq.j Superintendent of Finances. 

Robert Morris to Prb8. Dickinson, 1784. 

Office of Fmance, 19 August, 1784. 

I had just now the Honor to receive your Excellency's Letter 
dated in Council of this Day. I had the Pleasure of a Conversation 
with Col* Harmar this Mominj? : In the Course of it I expressed 
my opinion that as the United States had made a Call for Militia 
they could hardly have had it in Contemplation to pay any expences 
of raising Recruits or of supporting them until after they should be 
assembled in Readiness to obey Orders to be issued by Authority of 
Congress. I took Ocoision also to observe that the States of Con- 
necticut, New York and New Jersey being at a Distanoe from the 
Public Treasury could not apply for Money to defray the like Ex- 
pences should they pursue the same Mode of furnishing their 
respective Quotas. 

Since the Receipt of your Excellency's Letter, being apprehensive 
lest the Construction I had ventured to put upon the Expressions of 
Congress should be contrary to their Intentions, I had Recourse to 
the printed Journal and am rather confirmed in my former Idea. 
For I find that a motion was made to add the following Clause. 
'< That where the Laws of any State will not admit of their Militia 
** being called out on the terms proscribed in the foregoing Resolu- 
t* tions such State may be permitted to engage the Quota of Men 

* Col. Keo. Vol. XIV., p. 182. 


<^ aaauned it, in suoh manner as the LcgiBlaiure thereof shall direct." 
And I find that this Motion was set aaide bj the previons Qaestion. 
I shall not pretend to enquire whether the Aol of your Lc^pslatnie 
is or is not oonformable to the Letter and Spirit of the seventh Reso* 
Itttion Quoted in voor Exoellenoy's Letter. I have great Respect 
for the Wisdom of the honorable Assembly^ I entertain a jnst Sense 
of the prompt and lealoos Exertions made on the Part of Pensilva- 
nia, and I shoold feel mnoh Regret if the Plan were defeated. My 
Construction of the seventh Resolution is contained in the answer of 
this Date to a Letter of Yesterday from the Secretary in the War 
Office of both which I have the Honor to enclose Copies. 
With all possible Respect 
I have the Honor to be 
SiTj Your Excellency's 

most obedient and hnmble Servant, 
Directed, ROB' MORRIS. 

His Excellency the President of Pensilvania. 


Read 20th Ang>, 1784, ft considered. Upon which Col* Harmar 
was directed to apply to the Sil'ry of the War Office.* 

No. 1. 
Jos. Carleton to Robert Morris, 1784. 

War Office, August 18th, 1784. 

I do myself the honor to inform you that the Officers lately 
appointed by the Executive of Pennsyh, have Orders from their 
Cfommanding Officer to proceed imme^tely on the recruiting Busi- 
ness, who has made Choice of Philadelphia and Lancaster as the 
fittest place for the Rendezvous of the Recruits. As Provisions wiU 
be immediately want^ for their Support, I beg leave to suM^t the 
expediency of temporary Contracts being formed at these Posts for 
the Supply of the Troops as they are enlisted. 

I have the Honor to be, Sir, 

your most obed' Servant, 
Directed, (Signed.) JOS. CARLETON. 

Hon'ble Robert Morris. 

No. 2. 

Robert Morris to Joseph Carleton, 1784. 

Office of Finance, 19th Aug^, 1784. 

I have received your Favor of the eighteenth. I am clearly of 
Opinion that it is always best to supply Rations by Contract. Yoa 

* See Col. Rec. VoL XIV. p. 182. 


will obserye that by the Act of Congress of the third of June laat, 
I am directed to UJce Order for fumishing on your Warrants the 
Sums necessary for carrying their Resolutions into Effect Not 
cooceiying myself Authorized by this Act to form any Judgment 
either on the Amount or on the Application of the Sums in Question, 
I can only say in answer to your Letter, that the Warrants you may 
think proper to Issue shall meet due Honor. 
I am Sir, 

your most obedient & Hum^ ServS 

Signed, ROB' MORRIS. 


Joseph Carleton, Eaq% Secretary in the War Office. 

RfisOLUiiON OF Obkeral Assbmblt, 1784. 

State of Pennsylyania, In Oeneral Assembly. 

Friday, August 21, 1784. A. M. 

The report of the committee read yesterday, on the Memorial of 
one of the Commissioners appointed to examine the nayigation of 
the riyer Susquehanna to the sources of the same, &c., was read the 
second time ; whereupon 

Resolyed, that an order bo drawn by the President in Council on 
the State Treasurer, in fayor of William Maclay, Esquire, for seyen- 
ty three pounds, to be applied for defraying the necessary disburse- 
ments of the said Commissioners, in the prosecution of the objects 
of their appointment, and to be accounted for by the said William 
Maclay Esquire. 

Extract from the Minutes, 

J. SHALLUS, Ass* Clerk 

of the General Assembly.* 

Lt. Coim John Abmsironq to Council, 1784. 

By a letter from Co^ Harmer I find your Excellency & Council 
haye been pleased to Honor me with an appointment in the ConU- 
nental Reg* under his command. After acknowledgments to your 
Excellency & Council for their confidence, beg leaye to obserye that 
I fed myself hurt in being only appointed as Ensign after haying 
seryed as Lieutenant in the Continental Army, since the 11'^ Sep- 
tember, 1777, and lately Honoured by Congress with a Captains 
Commission by Breyct & while I except my present appointment 

* See CoL Beo., Vol. XIV., p. 182. 


hope your Exoeneooy ft Connoil will give me that rank I held In 
the Continental army. I am with every Respect 

your Excellenoys hm' serv*, 

Sonhniy, 24th August, 1784. 

His Ezoellenoy John Dickinson, Philadelphia. 
Gapt. Qreen. 

Lt. Col. Habmab to Pbbs. Dickinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia, AnguSt 26% 1784. 


As it is neoessary that the oflieen previous to receiving their 
commissions should have taken the Oath of allegiance to the State. 
I can certify to your Excellency ft the Honorable Council that 
Captains Finney, Douglass, Ziegler ft McCurdy, likewise Lieut* 
Herbert & Doyle, ft the Surgeon McDowell have already taken it. 
The other (^oers I cannot certify to, but have not the least doubt, 
but the Oath has been taken by them. 

Your Excellency and the Honorable Council may be assured that 
previous to my delivering them their commissions; I will be well 
convinced that every one uiall have taken the Oath. 
I have the honor to be, with the highest Esteem 
ft Bespect, Your Excelleno/s ft the 
Honble Councils most obt. Servt., 
Directed, JOS. HABMAB. 

His Exoellency, President Dickinson ft The Honorable CoundL 

Rbpobt ft Bbsolutions of GEiTfiiAL Assembly, 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania. In General Assembly, 

Wednesday, August 26, 1784.— A. M. 

The report of the committee read August 23, was read the second 
time, and adopted as follows, (viz :) 

The Committee to whom were referred the several papers relating 
to Indian affairs, with directions to confer with the Supreme Execu- 
tive Council ; beg leave to report as the joint opinion of that Board 
and your committee. 

That weighty reasons have occurred in favour of the design for 
holding a conference with the Indians on the part of this State, and 
if under the present situation of Continental afiairs, that measure 
can be conducted on sure ground and without too unlimited an ex- 
pense, it ought to take place and be rendered as eflfectual as this 
House can make it, under whose auspices a foundation would be 

* See Col. Keo., XIV. p. 188. 


thus laid of essential and darable advantages to the poblio, by ex- 
tending population^ satisfjine our officers and soldiers in regatd 
to their donation lands and depreciation ocrtificatcS| restoring that 
anoient friendly and profitable intercourse with the Indians and 
gnarding against all occasions of war with them. 

These are the objects to be kttained, truly interesting and so well 
adapted to insure the attention of this House, that your committee 
ofier the following resolutions. 

Ipt Resolved that the Supreme Executive Council be authorised and 
requested to prepare a present of Nine thousand dollars worth of such 
goods, merchandize and trinkets as are known to be very acceptable 
among the Indians, to be given them in case a purchase is concluded, 
but as part of the consideration of such a bargain ; And that the said 
goods be carefully forwarded wherever the commissioners may direct, 
and the above sum, and any farther supply, not exceeding one 
thousand pounds that Council may think necessary for the said Com- 
aoissioners contingent expencos shall be drawn by the President in 
Counoil from the State Treasurer ; the said Commissioners to be 
acoonntable for such sum as they shall receive. 

2dly. Resolved, it is the sense of this House that should the 
Continental Indian treaty be delayed, the Commissioners on tho 
part of this State, shall notwithstanding proceed and call together 
the Indians who claimed the unpurchased territory within the limits 
of this State, particularly the Six Nations, Delawares and Shawancse 
for the purpose of finally purchasing the said territory agreeable to 
ancient usage. 

8dly. Resolved, that the Supreme Executive Council bo requested 
to furnish such further instructions to the Indian Commissioners as 
shall appear from time to time, conducive to the good purposes ex- 
plained in the foregoing resolutions. 

Extract from the Minutes. 
Ass^ Clerk of the General Assembly. 

Paes. Dickinson to Lt. Col. Abmstrono, 1784. 

In Council, August 27, 178-1. 

It i^ the sense of Council, that until further Measures can bo 
pursued, the Wheat lately reaped on the disputed Lands should bo 
secured for the use of the persons who sowed the same ; and wo 
desire, that you will immediately give strict directions for this pur- 
pose. I am with great Esteem Sir, 

your most obdt. Servt., 

Lieut' Col. Armstrong. 

* See Col. Rec., Vol. XIV., p. 186. 



Idst of Qoodn neoeasary towards effecliDg Uie purchase of the 
vteporohased Territory within the State of Penii^. 

20^ Casks Guo-powder| 

1 Ton Barr Lead, 

2 Gf0S9 Thimbl^if 
2 ditto Jew9 Efarps, • 
2 ditto Marrice B«Lls. . 
6 dtyz* pieoQs j el low, green antl purple RibbaOj 

5 pieces embotsed Flaonel^ 
80 pieeee Best LoudoD Stroud, 
80 ditto Befit French Match Coats 
10 ditto B I auk eta, 

20 pieces Half- thicks, purple ft White Dap, 
60 doz. White Ruffled shirts, 

6 Dos. Laoed Hats, 
60 dot. KniveSi 
10 doi. Haiohets, 
10 doz. Pipe Tomahawks, . 
12 doL LookiDg Olassesi (2 Siies.) 

2 M. Awl Blades, . . 

5 M. Needles, 
1 0. Vermillion, 

60 Rifles, 

00 M. Wampum, 30 Blaok, 80 White. 
12 do^, Sihcr Arm Bands, 
12 d- Wriat bands, . 
60 ditto Broaches, 
2 ditto Gorgets, 
12 ditto Nosebobs, . 
12 ditto Hair pipes, . 
12 ditto Rings, 

6 Pieces Scarlet Broad Cloth, 
lOOlb Brans Wire, 

20 doz. Silk Handkerchiefs, 
20 ditto pieces Calicoe, 

4 doz. Saddles and Bddles, 
1000 Flints or 1 Kegg, 

1 Groce Shears, 
^ 1 ditto Scissara, 

1 ditto Horn Combs, 

1 Ivory, 
12 ditto MorricQ Bells, (JError.) 

1 Hhd. Tobacco, 
20 doz. Pipes, (Moravian.) ' 
20 ditto Calicoe Shirts, 

X42 10 

44 00 


[7 4 
9 00 

85 00 
27 10 

255 00 
887 10 
78 10 
00 00 
525 00 
105 00 
17 10 
12 10 
20 00 
12 00 


1 15 
56 5 

800 00 

90 00 

217 16 

124 00 

86 00 
84 4 
12 00 

87 16 
9 00 

180 00 

16 10 

50 00 

80 00 
130 00 

1 10 
7 10 
6 00 

2 8 
10 00 

9 00 
35 00 
5 00 
150 00 




60 lb. Thread, (sorted.) 

500 lb. Brass Kettles, in nests, (complete.) 

100 lb. Small White Beads, 
12 Qrooe Scarlet & Star Gartering^ 
12 ditto Green ft yellow Bed lace, 
SHhdsRam; .... 

35 00 
75 00 
25 00 

60 00 

Aug. 28, 1784.* 

P&ES Dickinson to Lt. Col. Armstronq, 1784. 

In Council, Angost 80^ 1784. 

We have received yonr Letter of the 24th Instantf w\^h the in- 
elosares, & have this Day put thorn into the Hands of a Committee 
of the General Assembly. 

That Committee is appointed for the purpose of bringing in a Bill 
to prevent any Interruption by suit of Certiorari or other writ, to legal 
proceedings for restoring forthwith to the persons who were violently 
dispossessed in May last the Lands & Tenements which they then 

This Measure is adopted in Conformity to the sentiments of the 
Board & the Chief Justice, as well as of the Legislative Branch of 
government, and the Insurgents may be convinced by considering 
the circumstances existing at the Time when it was adopted, that 
nothing but a Regard for Eouity has prompted it. If they repeat 
their violences, they will at length render themselves answerable to 
publio Justice for so many offences, that they must expect a very 
different Treatment, which it is in the Power of this Commonwealth 
to inflict at the Instant when it is in her Inclination. 

We therefore desire that you will order the men who are oollected 
mt Bowman's Creek, immediately to disperse ', b to inform them 
•nd others what will be the Consequences to themselves if they 
continue to disturb the Peace of the State. 

Captain Boyd proposes to set off for Wyoming in a Day or two, 
who will bring more particular Intelligence. 

I am with a very great Esteem, Sir, 

your most obedt. and Hbble. Servt. 


Lieutenant Colonel Armstrong. 

* See Col. Rec., Ytl. XIY., p. 186. f See page 817. 


Prbs. Dickinson to Gov. Paca ov Maryland, 1784. 

In Coanoil, Philaddphuiy Angufit 80th, 1784. 

When we hftd the honor of receiving from the Councnl of your 
6tftie die Letter of Uie twentj-ninth of April last, Wo referred the 
nSair therein mentioned to the Judges of the Supreme Court*, not 
doubting, but it would be conducted accordiog to the constant 
usage in similar Cases between this State and the States of New 
Jersey and Delaware. 

The Chief Justice and Judge Rush have communicated to us the 
Objections that have arisen. 

To expedite the Business, We have sent the Bearer Mr. Joseph 
Bullfinch, and request that Mr. Henry Carberry may be immedi- 
ately delivered into his Custody at the limits of Maryland and of 
this State, in order that he may be brought into this County, and 
tried for the offence with which he has been charged. 
i have the honor to be, 
with great Esteem Sir, 
Your most obedient humble Servant, 

Directed f 

His Excellency William Paca, Esquire, €h>venior of the State of 

Instructions to Comm'rs for TRSATiNa with thb 
Indians, 1784. 

In Gounqil, Philada., August 31st, 1784. 

As soon as yon receive information of the time and place where 
the OonUnental Treaty shall be held with the Indians, you will 
consider it your duty to attend the same with ye utmost punctuality 
and for your better information on this subject it will be advisable 
to correspond with some of the Continental Commissioners. 

We inclose a Copy of the Resolutions of the General Assembly 
of the 25th Instantf by which you will perceive the sense of the 
Legislature on the subject of your Commission. 

You wiU chose the most favourable opportunity of signifying to 
the Indians ^our Intention of purchasing ye unpurchased Territory 
within ye Limits of Penna. & produce at the same time your Com- 
mission for that purpose, as there can be no doubt but the Conti- 
nental C^mmisssoners will readily yield you every possible aid in 

* See page 74, 292. * See page 818. 



jonr Degooiations on Uie part of this State, you will therefore be 
particularly careful od your side, to facilitate as far as you can, the 
importaDt business wiuch the United States have committed to 

In negociating with the Indians you will regulate your conduct by 
the principles of Justice as well as the most exact Economy, ob- 
taining credit for the Goods wh. you may deliver haying the Deed 
of purchase duely executed to the Commonwealth, and fixing the 
balance yt shall remain due^ which balance should be in goods 
rather than money, as such intercourse may be the means of rcviying 
a Trade with the several Tribes interested ; and in this respect, you 
may depend on the faith of Government for discharging any con- 
tracts which shall be made by you. 

In all your deliberations with the Indians you will ose your ut- 
most endeavors to conciliate their affections and gain their confidence 
rather than irritate their tempers or provoke their resentments. 
I am Gentlemen, 

with very great Regard, 

your obedient and humble servant, 

/ficfors^,— August 81st, 1784. To the Honble. Samuel J. Atlee, 

Esqr, Wm. Maday and Francis Johnston, Esq. 

Men shut up in the Garrison at Wyoming, 1784. 

List of the Men whQhave been shut up in the Garrison at Wyoming 
with the Snbeoribers and the Numbers of Arms & amuni. Public £ 

private property. 
Luke Brodheadi 
James Melvin, 
Daniel McLaskey, 
Joseph Cavana, 
Joseph Marshall, 
Abm. Courtright, 
Elisha Courtright, 
John Courtright, 
Ezekel Schoonover, 
Peter Cursau, 
Saml. Yangorder^ 
Enos Randle, 
Laurence Kinney, 
Oarret Shoemaker^ Jun. 
Jacob Tilberry, 
Abm. Tilberry^ 
Peter Stagg, 

Jacob Woodc6ck, 
Richard Woodcock, 
James Culver, 
Iseah Culver, 
Preserved Cooley, 
Peter Taylor, 
Silas Taylor, 
Ebenezer Taylor, 
Benj. Hillman, 
William Sims, 
William McKinney, 
William Miller, 
John Hillman, 
Alex. Hoover, 
Abm. Hammond, 
Alex. Strickland, 
Jacob Van Horn, 

* A Treaty was held with' the Indians & a purdhase made at Fort Stan- 
Wiz, Oct. 23d, 1784. SeQ Smith's Law8» VoL II, p. 128. 



George Yoman^ 
John Pinscll, 
Daniel Swartz, 
Joseph BiggerSj 
John Borelandy 
George Tanner, 
Edward Gavana, 
Garratt Shoemaker, 
James Stagg, 
Kichard Savage, 
Laurence Osbonrne, 
Patrick Dunlevej, 
Joseph King, 
Nicholas Brink, 

Jacob Cramer, 
Jacob Kljno, 
David McCartney, 
John Laslej, 
Robert Clark, 
Gabrial Ogdcn, 
Ge5rge Tanner Junr., 
Joseph Montancj, 
James Covert, 
John Potman, 
James Johnston, 
Ephm. Van Orman, 
Isaac Van Orman, 
John Van Orman, 
Henry Wynn, 
Obediah Walker, 

2 Four Pounders, 
1 Swivel, 
1 Wall Piece, . 
98 stand of arms, 
83 stand of Arms, 
1 Box of Cartridges,'" 

We the subscribers do Certify upon our Honor, that the above is 
an exact and true Return of the Men, arms & ammunition that wore 
in Fort Dickinson on the arrival of the Commissioners from the 
Supr. Executive Council of Pennsylvania at this place. 

B. W. BALL, 
Wyoming, August 8th, 1784. 

Stale Property, 

Private property. . 
Public property. 
Private property, 
State property. 

I have the honor to enclose your Excellency & the Honorable 
Council, a statement of the troops at present ; since this return has 
been made, several more men have been recruited— -I imagine ray 
Total is about 100. — I have just rcc'ed a Letter from Capt. Zioglor 
dated Aug* 24'" — wherein his success is but very trifling as yet 
1 have the honor to be, 

with the highest esteem & respect, 
Your Excellency's & the 

Hon*''' Council's most ob' Senr*, 

JOS. HARMARJ Col. Com*. 
Saturday noon, August 28'% 1788. 
His Ex> Jn" DickinsoD; & The Hon"' Council. 



Report of tHB American Beqiment, 1784. 

Report of the Amerieftn Regiment under the command of L^ Colonel 
Joeiah Harmar — Camp^ Western Heights of Schajkill. AoguBt 
28% 1784. 










Bom arks. 

Captain Douglass 






Captain Finnej 





No aoc'*yct of his sncoeH», 

Capt$ia McCnrd; 








1 SO 


L* Col. Corn*. 

Ikbtructions to Thomas P&octob, Sheriff, 1784. 

In Council, September 1«S 1784 

Inclosed is a Letter for the Goyemor of Maryland,* demaodinff 
M' Henry Carberrj to be immediately delivered to H** Samuel BulP 
finch, deputized by you for the Purpose of receiving and conveying 
him to the now Goal in this City, to be tried for the Offence with 
which he is charged. 

* Sec page W6. 


You will give Orders to M" Ballfinch to obtaia a DepntatioD from 
the Sheriff of Chester County, for oomrejipy the Prisoner through 
that County, & to use the utmost Care & I^ligence in bringing him 
op. We ezpeot M' BuUfinok will ooavej our Letter without Loss 

I am, Sir, 

Your most obed' serv*; 


Thomas Porter, Esquire, Sheriff of the City & County of Phila- 

Gov. Paoa, of Md., to Prbs. Dickinson, 1784. 

Annapolis, 5^ September, 1784. 

I have the Honor to acknowledge yours of the SO^ August by 
M' Bullfinch.* 

The President of our Council wrote you. on the 29^ April, that 
Captain Carberry had been arrested and Recognised by our Judges 
to appear at our General Court to be hold on the Seeond Tuesday in 
Ma^ : By our Laws, our Courts have Jurisdiction, and may try our 
CitiEens for Treason committed in any of the States against this or 
any of the United States, and Carberr/s Offence was conceived to 
be of a treasonable Nature : But Congress having recommended that 
he should be sent to your State, where the Offences were committed, 
and the Confederation making it a matter of Right that the Offender 
should be tried where the Offence was committed, if he should be 
demanded by the Governor or Executive Power, our Court did not 
proceed on the Affur, but held M' Carberry in Custody, expecting 
him, to be demanded according to the Confederation, on the above 
Notification from the President of the Arrest and Offence charged; 
the Court sat almost a Month, and no Demand being made, they 
took his Recognizance to appear at their next General Court, which 
will be held the second Tuesday in October next. 

When I did myself the Honor of writing to your Judges, on the 
20^ May, our Court was then sitting, and Mr. Carberry was in Cus- 
tody ready to be delivered up. 

I have given the above Detail in order to account for not having 
Mr. Carbury on the spot to deliver up to your Officer, Mr. Bullfinch. 

Mr. Carbury shall be immediately informed of your Demand, and 
I have every Reason to think he will voluntarily attend your Judges 
and surrender himself up. If he does not, our Judges, on his ap- 
pearance at the next General Court, will deliver him up to the Ex- 

• See page 822— also, 291. 


eoQtivey wbo will forward him to the Limits of this State, giving 
jour .ESzoellenoj previous Notice of the Time and place, so that your 
Officers may meet cur's and receive him into Custody. 
With great regard, 

I have the Honor to be 

Your Excellency's .. 

most obedient humble servanti 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq'. 
Mr. Buifinch. 

Pbbs. Dickinson to Commissioners for treating with 
Indians, 1784. 

In Council, September 4th, 1784. 

We are not informed of any Instructions given by Congress to 
their Commissioners concerning a Bestoration of prisoners. This 
object appearing important to us, We desire that you may apply to 
the Continental Commissioners, represent the propriety ot the 
Measure, and strenuously endeavour that all prisoners taken by the 
Indians during the late War, may be restored. 
I am, with great Esteem, 

Gentlemen, &c. 
Samuel John Alice, William Maday & Francis JohnaoUi Es^iire 

Col. Francis Johnston to Pres. Dickinson, 1784. 

PhiUd-, Sep. 7, 1784. 

In conformity to your Excelly's Letter of the 4th Instant, I made 
application to Arthur Lee, Esq', One of the Continental Com", for 
information touching a restoration of Prisoners, and find Congress 
have given him and his Colleagues particular instructions on that 
subject, as will appear from Mr. Lee^s letter to me of yesterday, A 
Copy of which I have the Honor to inclose. 
I am your Excellency's 

most Obed' Hble. Senrant, 



A&iHUE LxE TO Col. F&ancis^ Johnston, 1784. 

The Hon^ CoP Johnston. 

In answer to your enquiries touching the restoring of snoh 
Prisoners heing, Citizens of the United States, as may be in the 
hands of the Indians, I have the honor to inform you that the Com- 
missioners from Congress are instructed to demand a restoration of 
them all. In conformity to this instruction, the Commissioners have 
desired in their Messuages, that all prisoners, White & Blacky may 
be brought to the places of treating to be delivered up, as a proof 
of the sinoere disposition of the Indians to establish peaoe and 

I have the honor to be, 

. with very great esteem, 

S', YourObt. Servt, 

(signed) ARTHUR LEE. 
A Copy — signed 


Direetedy — Public Service. 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq', President in Council. 

Rbsolxttiokb of Coukoil op Cbnsorb, 1784. 

In the Council of Censors, 

September 7th, 1784— A. M. 

On Motion of Mr. Bryan seconded by Mr. . 

- Ordered, That his Excellency the President and the Honorable 
the Council of the State, be requested to furnish the following 
papers, vig*, 

Governor TrumbulFs Letter to the President and Council men- 
tioned in the Message to the House of 19th January, 1784. 

Copy of Colonel Zebulon Butler and others memorial to the 
Honorable Congress, dated 11th November last 

Copy of Report of a Committee of the Assembly of Connectiouty 
concerning the settlers, west of Delaware &c., dated last fall, men- 
tioned in Journals of the Qeneral Assembly of February 14th, 178i. 
^ Copy of the act of Congress appointing a day to hear the allega- 
tions of Zebulon Butler and others, on the one part, and the private 
claimants of the State of Pennsylvania on the other. 
Extract from the Minutes, 

Saml. Bryan, Secretary. 
Also Letter from Zebulon Butler & others mentioned 28th May 
on Minutes of Council. 

Sam'l Bryan, Scc'y. 


Sec'y Abmstrong to Sec'y Bryan, 1784 

Sec'rjB Office, Philada., September 7th, 1784. 

Bj clirection of Connoil I am to inform you that some of the 
papers mentioned in the Resolution of The Hon'ble the Council of 
CeDBors of this day have been transmitted to the General Assembly, 
and others were put into the hands of the Att'y Oen'l as one of the 
Agents of this State for managing the trial for private right of soil 
to the lands at Wioming — which papers are not yet returned to 

I am, &ca., 

James Trimble, for 

John Armstrong, Jr., Scc'y. 
Sam'l Bryan, Esqr. 

John Reynolds, Jailor to Sheriff Prootor, 1784. 

After thanking you for the favour done me, in Communicating 
the Contents of a Petition to his Excellency the President of the 
State, Sent to his Excellency by the most daring k Dangerous 
Villain, on earth one Liblong : 

I must beg leave to state the facts as they truly are, & if the least 
doubt should arise, proof can be made to your satisfaction, & to the 
public ; 

This Liblong was committed by his Honor the Chief Justice, on 
the first Day of December, 1784 which follows in these words, foras- 
much as Andrew Liblong of the City of Philadelphia, Mariner, has 
been brought before me, & Charged Upon Oath with assaulting, 
beating, & wounding, Qeorge McFrcely of Carlisle in the County of 
Cumberland yeoman, & another person whose name is yet Unknown, 
so that their Lives is Greatly Despaired of; &c., &c. 

This Liblong was tryed k Convicted with some other of the same 
Gang, & fined £100 each tq this Commonwealth, & Give Security 
for their Good Behaviour for one year to Come ; 

This Liblong on the night of the 17th of May last, broke tho 
locks from his Room Door, and then proceeded to the next Room k 
Liberated all that was in that Room ; by breaking the Lock off, k 
then Joyned both Gangs together making 28 Desperate Blood 
thirsty Villains in number, then Cutt k broke the fastenings of the 
yard Door, the Locks k other Fastenings so spoilt are now in my 
Hands to be seen if Called for ; Sir you have already seen them ; 
then the whole party proceeded to the yard, k eight of them with 


Liblong with a Long knife in his Hand headed them & Effecteci 
their escape, I Engaged the Rest of them and subdued them to 
Confinement; & sent for jou Sir to inform you of what had 
Happened ; 

On the 18th day of May I took such measures as I thought sMit 
Adviseable to Apprehend thorn that Escaped, I went to Mrs. 
Andersons in whose bouse two of the wives of two of the Priaonen 
LWed that Esoaped, after some Conversations with the woman I 
found that Liblong was to be had, & I offered a Reward of ten 
pounds for Liblong. About Eleven o'Clook one of the women Oomea 
to me and told me that Liblouff had just Rode by her House in a 
Chair with a white Horse in it, & Liblong Dressed in Oreen Glotha, 
I then pursued & soon saw Liblong on foot walking down Walnut 
street, & then 1 Raised a hue & Cry after him in these words, stop 
Thief, Liblong kept a Great number of the Citizens off with a Long 
knife in one hand, & a I^stol in the other, & not one person ap- 
proached'so near as to take him. I myself took the most favourable 
oportunity & with a stick that some Gentlemen that stood by put 
in my Hand, I knocked him down & while he was down two of mv 
own men Took him by the feet to keep him from Geting up, k 
Draped him a piece on his Back & then I discovered his watch 
Cham Draging bh the Ground and I took it from him & have it 
now. After getting him to Gaol some person Brought his Shoes & 
Buckles in and gave them to me which I also have, his knee 
Buckles I had Arom himself to keep for him, as for any money I 
never saw, but this I know, he hired the Chair & Horse of Michael 
Shoemaker in Market Street, & Liblong had no money to pay for 
the Chair Hire but Mr. Shoemaker's son was going with him for 
the pay for the Chair & Horse when I Pursued him & took him, & 
Sir the Boating he Complains of was for threatening your Life & 
mine. Also you, yourself being personally present and you 
Remained there untill he was put in Irons & Secured^ which is the 
Very Irons he Complains of, about 50 lb. or less ; 

On the night of the 18th of July about 12 o'Clock, I Discovered 
No. 4 broke which was the Room Liblong & 18 more was in, & 
about one half of the number in the Room, the other half was down 
at the foundation of the Gttol at work, & a Blanket over the hole to 
prevent my seeing ihe Light, Liblong Called out with a Loud Voice 
stand to it Boys, kill or be killed, & as Liblong Commanded I obeyed, 
I knocked down the first that aproached me, and then the next, ft 
one of them prickt in the Arm with a small sword pled for mercy ft 
he would Discover the Ringleaders, ft said that Liblong was the 
man that proposed the Escape, ft after they got out they were to 
knock at the front door ft Get me up by telling me the prisoners • 
were breaking out of the East wing, & by that means Liblong was 
to lay hold of me & Kill me ; upon this news I gave Liblonff a 
severe Beating and put him in a Room by himself about four weeks 
in the same Irons he has always bom, ftjiaving him always in my 

PKNNi^YLVANlA AKCillYES 1781. 320 

mind I have waited upon him m)-self once every Day & permitted a 
woman that's Coofined ia the Jail whom he CiEdls his wife in his 
Letters to go to him with provisions every Day ; 

Mr. Liblong seems to have a longing Desire to be Released from 
his IronB k he permitted to be upon the front of the Jail ; if that 
riumid take plaoe you would need no Jail for there would be no 
prisoners to ooupy it; 

Sir, I have here given you only a part of the Conduct & behaviour 
of Andrew Liblong, Relative to some particulars that he has wrote 
to his Ezbellency the president about ; — he also oomplains of my 
Inveteracy against him, because he is a Frenchman, there is Lewis 
Colonel and Charles Ooodryon Convicted and fined for the same 
offinioe with Liblong & they are Frenchmen, why are they not so ill 
Treated, because they are orderly. Quiet, well behaved men, & 
Befnsed to be Concerned in breaking Jail with Liblong & his 
party, which is the noted Philips, Conrad and Williams, & the 
Doans, & sundry others, but Sir this party ought never to be at 
Liberty Day nor night they are so dangerous a gang, & there is 
hardly any such thing as keeping these wretches in Irons for they 
find means to out them off every Day or two by the assistance of 
their friends, bringing saws, files, & other Instruments for their 
purposes. Baked up in pies & Loaves of Bread; witness these kind 
of transactions every day ; 

Sir, I have paid to a Certain Eliz*^ Anderson ten pounds for her 
Information of Liblong, & the full worth of Liblong^s watoh & 
Baokles shall be faithfully accounted for or Delivered, but for the 
present I Cannot give them up to my own Loss or for to answer 
Mr. Liblong's intentional Escape with his friends before mentioned, 
which is now Ready pland & waiting for the opportunity to put it 
in execution but it is the mainspring of the watch is wanted & not 
the watch. 

And lastly — Sir, you well know my Care & attention for yonr 
Interest & my own safety in Conducting the business of your JaiL 
ft beg that the Sheriff will be pleased to give me a Hearing on au 
roch occasions, & if any further explanation should be wanted, I 
beg to be Called upon, for that purpose & believe me Sir nothing 
ahall be wanting on my side in doing the Duties of my station for 
your interest & my own safety, & at the same time see that every 
thing is done that prudence & humanity Dictates for the Relief of 
the poor and Distressed here ; 

I am Sir with all Due Respect 

your most obedient & humble servant, 

September 9th; 1781. 

Thomas Prootor; Esquire, high Sheriff of the City & County of 


Pbes. Dickinson to Commrs, Botb, &c., 1784. 

Id CouDcili 

September 10th, 1784. 

Yoa will peroeive by the RosolutioDs of the Genera! Assembly of 
the 7th InstaDti & our Aot of yesterday, inelosed that yoa are ap- 
pointed Commissioners, for eseonting a Trust of Great Importance. 
Belying on your Integrity, Pradenoo & Zeal for the public Interest. 
We shall only say, that we wish the Business may be soon com- 
pleted. It may be of considerable use, if you could obtain a List 
of the names of those persons not claiming under Pennsylvania, 
who have settled at or near Wyoming since the Decree made at 

Tou wfll be pleased to observe that the Decree at "Trenton was 
made on the thirtieth Day of December, 1782, & that there are 
several papers in the Hands of the Clerk of the General Assembly, 
which might facilitate your Enquiries. These Papers were laid be« 
fore the House by Mess^* W** Montgomery, Moses McGlean & 
Joseph Montgomery, the commissioners nominated in February, 

I am, with great 

Esteem Gentlemen your, 
most obdt. hble. Servt., 


The Honorable John Boyd, John Armstrong, jr., James Bead & 
John Okely. 

In Council, 

September 9th, 1784. 

Indoeed are Copies of a Bill published for Consideration, & of 
certain resolutions of the General Assembly, by which you will per* 
ceive the Sense of theLegislature. 

It is our wish that you may use your utmost Influence, for prevail- 
ing on persons claiming under this State peaceably and immediately 
to give up possession to those who wore violently dispossessed last 

It is proper that two or three Deposition should be taken to prove 

*See Col. Rcc., Vol. XVI., p. 202. 



who were oonoerned in the attack upon Mr. Daniel and bis Company 
at Locust Hillj mentioning their names, the circumstances of the 
Attack, the wounding of Jacob Avery one of that Company, & his 
death, in Consequence of the Wound, and that the Deposition 
should be transmitted to Council. 

Becognisancos should be taken from the Witnesses for their ap- 
pearance, to give Evidence at the next Court of Oyer & Terminer 
for the County where tho offence was committed, with sureties. 
I am, with the greatest 

Esteem, gentlemen, your 

most obdt. hble. Servt., 


Captain Boyd, & Lieut. Col. Armstrong. 

P.S. — We desire that you will exert your Influence, in settling 
all Disputes Concerning Grain lately gathered or now in the Ground^ 
upon equitable principles. 

Officbrs is the 4th Battalion, Berks County 
Militia, 1784. 

A List of Officers in tho 4th Battalion Berks County, Militia, 

George Az, Lieut. Col. 
Benjamin Talbert, Major. 

Caernawon Township. 

1 Company. 

John Robeson, Capt. "^ 

Aaron Rattew, jr., Lieut, y 

John Harper, Ensign. ) 

BoBEsoN Township. 

8 Company. 

Adam Beard, Capt.^ 

Elias Redge, Lieut. V 

Christopher Kunsman, En. ) 


5 Company. 
Samuel Sands, Capt. "^ 

Samuel Avenshine, Lieut. > 
Henry Mauger, Ensign.} 

Robeson Township. 

2 Company. 

Mathiaa Ealer, Capt. "^ 

Joshua Stephenson, Idont. [• 

Peter Moyer, Ensign. } 

4 Company. 
John Ludwig, 
Abra" Griffith, 
Conrad Tecder, Ensign, j 

6 Company. 
David Wcidner, 
Adam Betz, Lieut. 

Mathiaa Keyler. En's, ) 

Capt. ^ 
Lieut, y 



ExETicE. 8th, late Col. Ax's Comp^. 

7 Company. Ukion. 

John Snejder; Capt 1 ^ 

John Hider, Lieat. v C 

I>aniel Schneider^ Epsign. J ^ ^ j 

Maiden obisk. 
8 Battalioit. 
George Widenhammer, 


I do herebj Oertifj that the above officers are ^as jet uncommis- 
sioned^ Witness my Hand, Sep' 10th, 1784. 


His Ezoellenoy, the President and Council, State of Pennsylyania. 

Lbb & BuTLBB, CoMMBS., &0., TO Pbbs. Diceinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia, gept' 11th, 1784. 

Upon ordering the troops, raised in this State, for the purpose of 
tbe Treaty with the Indians, to prepare for an immediate march to 
Pittsburg, we are informed that several of the officers are absent 
from their duty \ Who they are will be represented to your Ex- 
cellency by the Colonel commandant of those troops. 

As the public service requires the immediate attendance of all 
the officers, and indeed, did require it from the moment of their ap- 
pointment; We tiJce the liberty of requesting your Excellency and 
the Council to i^oint persons who are present, and who will im- 
mediately attend to their duty, in the pUoe of those who shall be 
reported as absent. The attention your Ezoellency and the Council 
have hitherto given to the expediting this indispensible support to 
the Treaty, ms^es us rely upon a compliance with what we now 

We have the honor of being, 

with the greatest respect, 

Y' Excellency's most 
obdt. & most 
humble Servants, 
To his Exoellenoy, (he President of the State, in Council. 


Minute op Council of Censors to Peeb. Dickinson, 


In the CoQDcil of Censors, 

Septem' 13th, 1784.— A. M. 
Ordered That his exoellency the president and council bo requested 
to furnish to this Council the papers undermentioned, Tiz : 

Letter from General Washington desiring that martial law be 
declared, dated about May, 1780. Letter from the Commissioners 
of 'Philadelphia County, lUBking directions about the Sheriff's ex- 
pences at the General Election; It appears to be dated on the 19th, 
Peoem', 1782. 

Copy of a resolution of the General Assembly of 1st June, 1780 ; 
enabling Council to declare martial law. 

Extract from the Minutes. 

Indian Commissioners to Pees. Dickinson^ 1784. 

Septr. 18th, 1784. 

The expenoe which will unayoidably attend the Transportation of 
the Indian Goods k stores to the Northward & Westward makes it 
necessary for us to apply to your Excellency for six hundred pounds 
mere beinff the balance of the order for one thousand pouuds which 
the Honble. House of Assembly were pleased to make in our favor 
for Contingent Expences. 

We have Sir, the honor to be, 
your Excellency's most obt. Hble. ServantSj 


His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esqr., President in Council. 

Bbsolution of the General Assemblt, 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania, 

In General Assembly, 1784. 
The report of the committee of aoeounts read September 4, on 
the aecounta of his Exoellency the President of the State for repairs 
done to the mansion hooae, was read the second time, whereapon. 

* See Goh Bee. Vol. XIY. p. a05. 
Vol. X.— 15 


Besolvedi that an order be drawn by the Supreme Executive 
GkNinoil for eightj-foor pounds two ehillings and four pence, in lull 
for repairing the House which his Excellency John Dickinson 
Esquire now occupies; beingthe property of the State."" 
fiztract from the minutes, 

J. SHALLUS,A8st. Clerk 
of the General Assembly; 
Bead in Council & order drawn. 

John Schbbiber to Ssot. Arhstroko, 1784. 


I wrote to you sometime since and informed yon, respecting one 
of the Gable ends of the Barrack's here that has been thrown down 
by the fall of two stacks of chimneys of Doctor Frederick Kuhn's. 
I now understand that the Doctor means to remove the Bricks, not 
only of the Chimney's but also those that were thrown down in the 
Gable end and convert them to his own use. 

Application having been made onto me to Lett the powder Maga- 
zine at this place, for the purpose of storing some powder the 
property of some of our Storekeepers, in consequence of which I 
have applied to William Henry, Esquire, for the Keys of the Maga- 
xine, who has several time refused to deliver them, until! the pub- 
lick powder, (which was lately sold) was removed thereout. 
I should be glad to have your directions on these casesy 

and am. Sir. your most obedient Humble Servant, 

To John Armstrong, Junr., Esquire, Secretary to the Supreme 
Executive Council of Pennsylvania^ Philadelphia. 
Indorsed J 

Sept. 16th, 1784. 

Ebsolution op General Assembly, 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania, In General Assembly. 
Saturday, September 20, 1784, A. M. 
Agreeable to the order of the day the House proceeded to elect 
SIX Commissioners for the purposes expressed in the resolutions 
adopted September 15, and the ballots being taken, it appeared, 
that David Rittenhouse, Thomas Hutchins and Nathan Sellers, 
Esquires, were duly elected for performing the duties mentioned in 
the first, second and last of the aforesaid resolutions; and that 

* CqI. Kec. Vol., XIV. p. 206. 


William Maclay, James Wilkinson and William Montgomery 
Esquires,, were also duly elected for the performing the duties 
mentioned in the third of the aforesaid resolutions. 

Extract from the minutes, 

J. SHALLUS Asst. Clerk, 
of the General Assembly. 

Report on thb Statk Housk^ 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania. 

In General Assembly, 

Wednesday, September 22, 1784.— A. M. 

The report of the committee read September 9, was read the 
second time and adopted as follows, (viz :) 

The committee appointed to examine the oondition of the State- 
house, beg leave to report such repairs as appeared most immediately 
necessary with their estimate of the ezpence. 

The turret roof requires new shingling, and a plain cor- 
nice continued round it to cast the rain clear of the walls. 

The large outside cornice being in a dangerous condi- 
tion should be repaired, and the whole of the said wood 
work painted, the ezpence including a scaffold of fifty-six 
feet high for the above purposes, is estimated by your 
committee at £190 00 

New shingling part of the main roof and repairing other 
parts, copper gutters in the vallies instead of the leaden 
ones that are broken, new gutters by the chimneys, repair 
of the balustrade on the roof, and the roof well painted 
are estimated at 126 00 

To repair the ruinous battlements and prevent the dam- 
age occasioned by water running down between the Walls 
and Wainscot of the chimnies to the lower story, may cost 7 10 

Painting the Cornice, doors and Windows with the Gla- 
ziers bill may amount to 79 00 

The turret ceiling very dangerous, may be renewed for 
about 31 00 

Copper spouts and a brick pavement of nine feet broad, 
on the East and West side of the steps to meet that of the 
Wings, taking up the present pebl)le-stone pavement and 
repairing the Mason work of the base of the builiing may 
cost ^^ 106 16 

Other necessary repairs to the Stair-cases of the Winga 
and other parts of the buildings, not before enumerated. 30 6 

Painting the Clock faces and guilding the hour lines. 22 10 

To new cap the old part of the Bast wall inclosing the 
yard, and to paint the SonthgateS; and covering the whole 
of said walls. 91 5 



Beflolvedy that tbe Supreme Ezeentite CoaDcil be aatborized and 
reqnested to have each repairs made in and about the State-house 
as m the foregoing report are specified to be immediately necessary ; 
and for defraying the ezpenoe thereof; the President in Council 
shall draw on the State Treasurer for any sum not exceeding seven 
hundred pounds. 

Extract from the Minutes. 
Asst. Clerk 
of Uie General Assembly. 

Bbsolutiok or Gbnbbal Assembly, 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania. 

In General Assembly, 

Thursday, September 28, 1784.— A. M. 
A letttt from Robert Andrews, Esquire, one of the Commis- 
sioners on the part of the State of Virginia, for asoertaining the 
boundary line, waa read, and on motion, and by q^ecial order, the 
mmio was read the second time, whereupon 

Resolved, that the Supreme Executive Council be authorised and 
requested to draw an order for the amn of one hundred and fifty 
pounds, Virginia currency, in favor of the said Robert Andrews, 
Esquire he to be aooountabie for the same. 

Extract from the Minutes. 
Asst Clerk 
of the (General Aaaembly.* 

Council of Censors to Pees. Dickinson, 1784. 

In the Council of Censors^ 

^ Sept. 24th, 1784, 

Sir, ^ 

Pursuant to the inclosed Resolution I am to request your Ex- 
eellene^ & the Honble the Supreme Executive Council to draw an 
Order in favour of the Secretary of this Council, for the sum of one 
hundred pottnds, being the remainder of the Sum appropriated by 

* See Col. Reo., Vol. XIV., p. 210. 


the Oen'l Assembly, to defray the contingent ezpences of this 

I have the Honour to be, 

with the highest respeet, Sir^ 
your Ezoellenoy's most 

obdt. homUe Seryt.. 

His Ezeelleney Jno. IKekinion^ Esq., President of the Sapreme 
ex. Gonnoil. 

In the Oonncil of Censors, 

Septm' 24th, 1784.— A. M. 
Eesolved, That in order to defSray the contingent ezpenoes of this 
Coanoil, the President request the Honorable the Supreme Exeen- 
tive Council to draw an order on the Treasurer of the State for the 
sum of one hundred pounds^ in favor of the Secretary of this Coun- 
cil, he to be accountable. 

Extract from the Minutes. 

Seo'y.* - 
There hath been ^'one hundred pounds" paid only. 

Sept 24th, 1784. 

Lt. Col. Josiah Habmab to Pbes. DioKnrsoiir, 1784. 

Philadelphia, September 25th, 1784. 

I have the honor to inclose to your Excellency ft the Honorable 
Council a weekly return of the troops under my command, ft at the 
same time to inform that last Wednesday, the Artillery ft Captain 
Finney's company marched from their encampment for Fort Pitt. 

In the course of next week the remainder of the tifoops will 
march. I have the honor to be, 

with the highest esteem ft 

respect, your Excellency's ft 
The Honorable CounciFs 

most obdt. Servt., 

Lt. CoL com* 1** Am* Beg*. 

His Excellency, John IKckinson, Esq., ft The HonofaUe The 
Supreme ExecoliTO CounttL 

* Bee C<fl. Beo., YoL XIV., p. 212. 



Beflolvedy that tbe Sapreme Exeentite Coancil be antbonzed and 
requested to have auch repairs made in and abont the State-house 
as m the foregoing report are specified to be immediately necessary ; 
and for defraying the ezpenoe thereof; the President in Council 
shall draw on the State Treasurer for any sum not exceeding seven 
hundred pounds. 

Extract from the Minutes. 

Asst. Clerk 
of the General Assembly. 

Bbsolutiok or Gbnbral Assembly, 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania. 

In General Assemblyi 

Thursday, September 28, 1784.— A. M. 
A letttt from Robert Andrews, Esquire, one of the Commis- 
sioners on the part of the State of Virginia, for asoertaining tbe 
boundary line, waa read, and on motion, and by special order, the 
mvoB was read the second time, whereupon 

Resolved, that the Supreme Executive Council be authorised and 
requested to draw an order for the sum of one hundred and fifty 

Eunds, Virginia ourrenoy, in favor of the said Robert Andrews, 
quire he to be aooountable for the same. 

Extract from the Minutes. 

Asst Clerk 
of the General Assembly.* 

Council of Censors to Pees. Dickinson, 1784. 

In the Council of Censors^ 

^ Sept. 24th, 1784, 

Sir, ^ 

Pursuant to the inclosed Resolution I am to request your Ez- 
eelleney & the Honble the Supreme Executive Council to draw an 
Order in favour of the Secretary of this Council, for the sum of one 
hundred pottnds, being the remainder of the Sum appropriate^ bT 

* See Col. Reo., Vol. XIV., p. 210. ' *'"^ ^** 


the Ocn'l Assemblj, to dcfny the contingent expssc^i «c li^ 

I have the Hononr to be, 

with the highest respect, Sir, 
jour Exoellencj's most 

obdt. bamble Serrt.i 

His Exoelleney Jno. Dickinson; Esq., President of the Saprome 
ex. Coanoil. 

In the Council of Censers, 

Septm' 24th, 1784.— A. M. ^ 
Resolved, That in order to defray the contingent ezpences of this 
Council, the President request the Honorable the Supreme Ezeoa- 
tive Council to draw an order on the Treasurer of the State for the 
sum of one hundred pounds, in fayor of the Secretary of thia Coun- 
dl, he to be accountable. 

Extract from the Minutes. 
There hath been ''one hondred pounds'' paid only. 

SepL 24th, 1784. 

Lt. Col. Josiah Ha&ha& to Pess. DicKiNBO^r, 1784. 

PUladdphia, September 25th, 1784. 

I htve the honor to Inclose to you Escellencj & the Hononhle 
Coaaeil a weekly retmrn of the tnopi uder a, command, & at the 
nme time to inform that Urt Wcdnciaaj, the AitilleiT & Captain 
Finney a company marched from thai encampment for Fort I'itt 

In the oovse of next week the lemundet of the tnoN will 
maich. I haTc the honor to he, ^^ * 

with the highect esteem k 
respect, your Exeellawy's k 
Tbt HoBoiab> C-nacS'i 

■ostoUt&nt, „„„„ 

JOB.EAB}!h.R. '""°*"" 






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To Hon. John Botd, John Abmstrong, Jb., James Bbkd, 
John Oeelet, 1784. 

In Coonoili September 28Ui, 1784. 

We have reeeived your Letter of the 24th Instanti & are coaoemedi 
that suoh a spirit of violence prevails among the settlers. 

As Captain Boyd & Ooll. Armstrong have had opportunities of 
aoqaaintiog themselves with many Circumstances relatinff to the 
late Disturbances, it is our wishi that they may immediately repair 
to Philadelphia, that we may receive from them all neoessary 

Messrs. Bead & Okely are impowered to proceed in the Execution 
of the Commission ; and we hope, that when the nature of it ia 
fully made known to the deluded People who have been so trouble- 
aome, they will perceive, that it is dictated by a Dwre, to treat 
them with Equity. 

If such interruptions shall be given to the proceedings of these 
two Commissioners, that they cannot with safety discharge the trust 
delegated to them, their presence at Wioming will be useless for the 
Business is of such a kind, that it cannot be accomplished but in 
free Conference, with the settiers. An armed force would not 
promote it; and besides such a measure would not be agreeable to 
the sense of the Legislature. We rely upon the Prudence & firm- 
ness of the Commissioners, that they will make every possible effort 
before they relinquish an affair of so much importance. 

I am. 

P. S. — ^With Respect to Grain raised on disputed Lands it appears 
to US upon a Consideration of all Circumstances equitable, that it 
should be divided among the Claimants in an amicable manner so 
that their present necessities may be as much as possible relieved, 
k those that may reasonably be apprehended in the approaching 
winter, be prevented. 

We should be glad to know in particular the names of those 
settlers who were expelled last spring, & of such of them as ire now 
again repossessed of their Houses, Lots or Lands. 

Writ for Election in Bucks Co., 1784. 

Pennsylvania [Ss.] John Dickinson. 
The President and The Supreme Executive Council of the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania. 

To Adam Hay one of the Constables of the District of the Town- 
ships of Easton and Forks in the County of Northampton, and 
Andrew LedUo and Juoob Abel Asvstants to the said Adam Day 


at an election held in the said District on the sixteenth day of June 
' last, npon a yaoancy occasioned by the Expiration of the Gommia- 
flions of John Amdt and Thomas Sillyman BBquires. 

Whereas an Election was held in tne District of the Townships of 
Eaaton and Forks In tiie County of Northampton, on the sixteenth 
day of June last, by virtae of a Precept of Robert Levers, Esquire, 
bearing date on the fourth day of the same month, and to yon tho 
said Constable directed, upon a vacancy occasioned by the Expiration 
of the Commissions of John Amdt and Thomas Sillyman, Esquires, 
late Justices of the Peace in and for the said County, and the 
Betum of the said Precept hath been made, certified and delivered 
under your hands and SeaLi respectively, and under the hand and 
Seal of Peter Leip, Inspector of the said election ; And Whereas the 
Bud Election hatn been by us considered and declared void. We do 
by these Presents authorize and Command you the said Adam Hay, 
Andrew Ladlie and Jacob Abel to hold an Election upon the 
Twenty-seventh day of this month at^leven o'CIock in the Forenoon 
of that day, within the said district, by the Freeholders of the same, 
of four Justices of the Peace elect, to supply the vacancy occasioned 
br the Expiration of the Commissions of the said John Amdt and 
Oniomas Sillyman, Esquires, and to certify and deliver the Return 
thereof, according to the Act entitled '^ An Act to remedy the defects 
<^ of the several Acts of Assembly heretofore made for regulating 
** the Elections of the Justices of the Peace throughout this State 
*^ and to establish a permanent mode of holdiuff sucn Elections and 
** to authorize the Justices of the Peace of Philadelphia, to hold the 
" Courts of Record of the said City f And you the said Constable 
are hereby further required to affix a notice in Writing of the 
ifisuinff and design of this Precept and of the time and Place, when 
and wnere such Election is to be holden, at six or more of the moat 

Sublio Places within the same Dbtrict at least ten days before the 
'wenty-seventh day of this month. 

Given in Council under the Hand of His Excellency John 
Dickinson, Esquire, President and the Seal of the State at Phila- 
delphia, thb Seventh day of September in the year of our Lord, one 
thousagd seven hundred and eighty four. 

Attest, James Trimble 

for John Armstrong, jun'r, Sec'y. 

In obedience to the within Precept we the Subscribers the Judge 
and one of the assistants within menUoned met with the other 
aasistant Andrew Ledlie at the Court House in Easton on the 
Twenty Seventh day of September within mentioned, and at the 
Time therein appointed to hold an Election of Four Justices of tho 
Peace for the District of Easton and Forks as we are therein 
anthoriaed and commanded. That when we were about to open the 


said Election, the said Andrew Ledlic first hesitated & afterwards 
refosed to attend the said Election, and went out of the Court Hoase, 
so that the Subsorihers after wuting in the Court House till after 
two o' the olook in the afternoon had it not in their power to open 
and carry on the said Election as within commanded. Witness our 
Hands the Twenty Eigth day of September in the year of our Lord 
one Thousand Se?en Hundred and Eighty Four. 


Robert Levers to Pass. Dickinson, 1784. 

Easton, September the 28th, 1784. 

I had the Honor to receive from your Excellency in Council a 
Letter, enclosing a Precept for holding an Election in the district 
of Easton and Forks, the twenty seventh instant — Immediately I 
sent to Mr. Adam Hay, the Constable and Judge of the Election, 
read to him the Precept and the Letter, delivered the former to him, 
and requested he would make known the contents of the letter to 
Mr. Ledlie and Mr. Abel in particular — A day or two after, Mr. 
Abel called on me, and I produced to him, and teas many as desired . 
to see the contents. 

Yesterday being the twenty-seventh, the day fixed by the Supreme 
Executive Council for holding the Election, the Freeholders of the 
district met at the Court House, the place appointed in the adver- 
tisement, when some difficulties were started by the assistants ; on 
perusing the Letter from your Excellency in Council, viz', that no 
particular reason had been assigned by the Council for the deter- 
mining the Election void, and that therefore they know not upon 
what ground to go on, and how to conduct the Election — Mr. Ledlio 
said he could not consider tho Letter in any other manner than as a 
private Letter to me — In answer to these objections, I could not 
forbear remarking, that tho subject matter of the Letter plainly 
indicated it to be of a public nature ; that the whole of tho Letter 
plainly pointed out the Ueasoos for the Election having been declared 
void by Council, and that tho Letter came directed to me, on public 
service, as Prothonotary of the County, and with it the Precept from 
the Supreme Executive Council for holding tho Election, which precept 
was in their Possession, and of a very pubiic nature. Mr. Poter Seip, 
the former Inspector, declined serving at this Election, as ho was in his 
way, as I was told, to PhiUdelphia, and the Freeholders were about 
to chuse another inspector, when Mr. Ledlio declared ho would not 
act as an assistant — On which I pointed out to Mr. Ledlie from the 
Law, and endeavored to convince him that the Election could 
not be held without him. It was then said. Col. Stephen BaUiet| 



onr RepreseDtative in Council, was in Easton, and the Freebolden 
reqaested that Gentlemen might be consulted. Aocordingly, Mr. 
liMlie waited on him, and Col. Balliet oame into the Court House—- 
And being requested by the assistantSi that he would please to let 
them know for what Reasons the Eleetion had been OTerset, CoL 
Balliet answered, that the Election had been declared void by Council, 
because the Poll had been opened after it had been closed— And 
added, that least, upon the Election ordered anew, any misunder- 
standing among the inhabitants might happen, Council had thought 
proper to give some instructions concerning the several objections 
that had been made against the Proceedings in the former Election, 
that the future Elections might be regularly held, and that the 
instructions were contained in that Letter sent to me by yonr Excel- 
lency in Council with the Precept. Upon this Information from 
Col. Balliet, the Judge of the Election, Mr. Adam Hay, and Mr. 
Jacob Abel, one of the assistants, agreed to open the Election directly ; 
but Mr. Ledlie positively refused to at' end the Election, and went 
cat of the Court House to the great dissatisfuction and disappointment 
of the most of the Freeholders present who could not forbear, many 
of them, to declare their indignation against a man who would thus 
insolt his countrymen, aflfront the Supreme Executive Power of the 
State, and despise and trample on the Laws of his Country — Never- 
theless, they retained their anger within due bounds, and, like virtuous 
citisens, after patiently waiting till after two o'clock in the afternoon, 
proclaimed that they were ready and willing at all times to come 
forth again to assert their Rights, support the Freedom of Election 
and the Laws of their Country. 

I judged it necessary to give your Excellency in Council this 
detail of the Proceedings, with as much expedition as possible, and 
do enclose the Precept delivered to me by Mr Adam Hay and Mr. 
Jacob Abel, with their Reasons for not holding the Election as they 
had been authorised and commanded. 

There has no Precept, as yet, been issued for holding an Election 
of Justices of the Peace, for this District, on the vacancy occasioned 
by the expiration of the Commission which appointed Abraham 
Berlin, Esq', & myself. Justices of the Peace — which ended tho 
fifth day of August last ; And the delay has been occasioned on this 
account — ^The Law, wherever there is a County Town in tho district, 
authorises the Freeholders in that district toelect Six Justices of the 
Peace. At the Election lately held. Four Persons were chosen, to 
supply the Places of Thomas Sillyman and John Arndt, Esquires, 
whose l^mes had expired. Wo were at a Loss to known how to 
act I for as there was a vacancy of Two other Magistrates also in the 
district, Mr. Berlin and myself, we apprehend^ if four Persons 
were chosen, it would be contrary to Law, and if only Two wcro 
chosen, there would bo no choice left for the Supreme Executive 
Council. Upon consulting Col. Balliet yesterday, he advises the 
Blection of Two only^ in the stead of Mr. Berlin and myself; and that 


Cmmoil, on tbe Retarn of tho Preoepi, may appoint Ooa or more— 
80 that it baa siooe been determined upon to apply to a Magiatrate 
for a Precept for the Election of Two Persons to be eleeted for the 
above Purpose — It being found extremely inoonvanient having no 
Justice of the Peace in thia diatriot, and more especially in this 

I am^ with very great Bespeet, 

Sir^ your Excellency's most obedient 
and most humble Servant, 

His Excellency John IMokinson^ Esquire. 

SuRGBON McDowell to Pres. Dickinson, 1784. 

.His Excellency the President and the Honble Members of the 
supreme executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylv*. 


When the Troops marched this morning, three men were left on 
tbe Ground too sick to go on with the Detaehm^ I am of opinion 
that they would be able to follow the Reg< in the Coarse of two or 
three weeks, if they were properly attended to; It is a pity to leave 
them lying on the Ground friendless and monevlesa. I therefore 
ordered them with the advice of Col. Harmar to be removed to Car- 
penter's Hall, where they must atay untill I have the Pleasure of 
your Commands concerning them. 

I have the Honor to bci ^^ 

Gentlemen, your most 
obdt. Humble Servt., 

JNO. McDowell, 


Pbila., Sept. 30A, 1784. 

1st American Regt 



It is the desire of Council that you will procure and transport a 
Quantity of Provisions, Via : Flour, Beef, salt & rum as imme- 
diately as possible to Wyoming — there to be deposited under the 
oare of auoh person as you may appoint to reoeive it ; yon mar 
aakmlato upon 100 men for a fortnight The emergency which 
makea this busineas ao eztiemely interaitiiig to Ooopcil & imp<^tanfc 


to tiM State, will not admit of a moments delay & makes it neoes- 
sary again to engage your indoatry and management in the servioe 
of the publio. 

I, am Sir, 

with the highest respect, &c., &o., 

Phila., 1st Octoberi 1784. 
Directed, ^ 

Mr. Weitiel, Northum* €•• 

To Hbnrt Antes, Esq., Sheriff of Coukxt of Northum- 

BEELAND 1784. 

Philada., Oct 1, 1784. 

f on are hereby directed to proceed immediately upon the receipt 
of this, to raise the Posse Oommitatns of the Co. of Northumberland 
and with them proceed under the direction of the Magistracy to ap- 

?rehend & secure the persons concerned in the late Violation of the 
^eaoe at Wyoming, & more partioalarly the persons whose names 
are hereafter mentioned. John Swifk, John Franklin, Ebeneier 
Johnstone, Phineas Peiroe, Elisha Saterlie, Joel Abbot, Water- 
man Baldwin, Phineas SteTcns, William Jacques, Ishmael Bennet, 
jr., Benj" Sills, Wm. McGlure, Daniel Gore, Abraham Westbrook| 
Abraham Pike, Wm. Ross, Gideon Church & Richard Halsted. 

lam. &0. 


To THE Magistracy of Nobthttmberland Co., 1784. 

Philada., Oct. 1, 1784. 

The late Violations of the Peace at Wyoming & abuse ^ of the 
Commissioners sent thither to promote the designs of the Legislature 
will call for every exertion in your power. A spirit so alarming to the 
honour of the State & the Tranquility of its Inhabitants will deserve 
the most exemplary punishment. The orders of Council, will be 
found more explicitly declared in their letter to the Sheriff of your 
Co., & point out the immediate necessity for your personal attendanoe 
on this business. 

I am with great Esteem, Gendemeui 
yr. ob. & very hble. Servt., 

Direeterfr-To The Migisttatea. 


Lt. Col. Harmab to Fbbs. Dickinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia^ October let, 1784. 

Agreeably to Instructions received from jour EzceRlncy & the 
Honorable Council, I have the honor to transmit jou Copies of the 
aeyeral Inlistments for the troops raised in this State. 

Yesterday the remainder of the men, viz : Capt. Ziegler's & Capt. 
HcCnrdie's Companies marched from their Encampment on Schuyl- 
kill river for Fort Pitt. 

I have the honor to b0| 
mih the highest Esteem k 
respect| your Excellency's & 

The Bonorable Connoirs 
most obd. Servt., 

Lt Col. Com'g 1st Am- Seg*. 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq., & The Honorable The 
Supreme Executive Council, Pennsylvania. 

Sbc'y Armstrong to County Libuts. vob Buoin^ and 
Berks, 1784. 

Phila., Oct 1, 1784. 

It is the direction of Council, that Fifty Men, properly arm'd, 
accoutred & Officered, be immediately drawn forth from the 
Batt" of Bucks [or Berks] C* Militia, & mov'd with all possible expe- 
dition to George Kline's, in Lower Milford Township^ & place com- 
monly called Hosenhaason. 

Tou will be pleased to accompany thom thither, & remain with 
them untill the farther Orders of Council ; & As the emergency upon 
which this detachment is called out, will admit of no delay. It is 
expected that you will take some means to furnish them with pro- 
visions for a day or two after they reach the place above-mentioned, 
when some other mode of supply will be adopted. All possible Care 
is to be taken that the troops come out properly prepared for the 
most active service — & it is the express order of Government that you 
call upon the whole Reg* until you get the aforesaid Number so 

I am; sir, &c., with much respect, 

yr. ob. & very humble servt., 

Ammunition shall meet thom at the place of Rondexvoiis. 




Fort Stanwix^ Oct. 4^, 1784. 

We embrace the opportunity which i^ offered to us by the return 
of Monseiur Marbois, to iDform Tour Excellency and the Honorable 
Counoil| of our safe arrival at this place after a tedious Journey. 
Sundry unexpected delays have retarded the Treaty, And the con- 
ferences were not opened till yesterday, when they were begun with 
four of the six Nations ; the Business, in our Opinion, would not 
have commenced so soon had it not been at the instance of 
the Marquis De la Fayette, who wished to address the Indians, and 
was under the necessity of departing this day, or to-morrow. The 
Commissioners did not enter fully into the business of their appoint- 
ment, they explain'd the purpose of the Treaty, introduced the Mar- 
quis De fa Fayette & Monsieur De Marbois in Character of tho 
Minister of France. The Marquis Addressed them, praised those who 
had adhered to us in the late War — blamed those who had been our 
Enemies with freedom ; Uieir Answer was pertinent, and breathed 
the spirit of peace. The Mohawks, in particular, declared their 
repentance for the Errors which they had committed. We were 
likewise introduced to them by the Continental Commissioners.— 
We have Intelligence that Ten Tribes of Indians are on their March 
for this place, great part of whom are expected to Morrow. When 
these Indians arrive, the Commissioners will proceed (we are fully 
satisfied) with all possible diligence. — Nothing has been done Offi- 
cially in the Business of our appointment ; but we beg leave to 
asmire you, that we are not a moment inattentive to the Object of 
our Mission. We are happy in a perfect harmony with the Conti- 
nental Commissioners, Altbo' we have had many cross accidents and 
embarrassing eircumstances from other Quarters. The delays which 
we have experienced, (& which we know have been unavoidable,) have 
indeed given ns pain ; But, we know that our only resource is patience, 
and we are determined to use it We will not venture to give any 
certain Opinion as to the final Issue of our business, and can only 
say, that the disposition of tho Indians now Assembled appears to be 

We have the Honor to be, 

with the greatest respect, 

Your Exoellene/s most 

Obedient & very Hum'l Serv'ts, 
2>tVee/€(f,— Public Servico. 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq', President of the Supreme 
Exec. Council for the State of Pennsylvania. 


Grand Inquest to Council, 1784. 

To the Honourable the Sopreme Ezeoative Counoil of the State of 


The Grand Inqnest for the Oity and County of Phfladelphia, do 

That from the nnoommon importation of Gunpowder lately into this 
City, and the inadequate size of the Publick Magazine to the pur- 
poeet intended — ^The City is now exposed to very great and immi- 
nent danger. 

That many hundred Quarter Casks of this dangerous commodity 
is now kept in various places within the City and suburbs; to the 
immediate danger of the lires and property of the good Citikens 

Therefore, the Grand Inquest requests the Honourable Supreme 
Executive Council to take the alarming situation of the Inhabitants 
into their instant and serious consideration, (na the danser to be 
apprehended in case of Fire is truly alarming,) and adopt such 
measures for the safety & protection of the City, as to their Wisdom 
may seem meet. 

Signed by Order of the Grand Inquest, this 29^ September, 1781 

WILLIAM EUSH, foreman. 

PfiES. Dickinson to Magistrates, 1784. 


In Counoil, October 6, 1784. 

In pureuance of the Act of which a Copy is enclosed, it becomes 
my duty immediately to direct that some two or more of the Justices 
of the Peace in & for the County of Northumberland, proceed forth- 
with in executing the Jjaws relating to forceable Entries & DetaineiB, in 
Order that the several persons, who in the Month of May last were 
violently dispossessed of their Messuages, Land & Tenements, at or 
near Wioming, which they then occupied, may be restored to the 
Possession of the same. 

Confiding in your Zeal for Justice, Peace & good order, I desire 
that you will proceed accordingly. 
With great Regard, 

I am, Gentlemen, 

your mozt obed* & hblo. serv*, 


John Buyera, Christian Gettig, Andrew Culberson, John Seoly & 
David Mead, Esquires. 


Copy— Petition op Aaron Doanb, 1784. 

To His Excellency, John Dickenson, Esq', Governor of the State of 

PennsjWania & President of the Executiye Coanoil. 

The humble Petition of Aaron Doane, a poor unhappy Man| now 
nnder Sentence of Death in the Gbal of Philadelphia. 
Host humbly Sheweth, 

That your unfortunate Petitioner deeply Impressed with a full 
Sense of your merciful Generosity for the Extension of a few days 
Lifbj most humbly throws himself at thy Mercy Seat praying thy 
Gompassioui Humanity, and Mercy. 

Innocent of the Crime laid to his Gbarffe, Outlawed & being 
absent from the State, which hinder'd his knowledge thereof, He 
is now Condemned to Suffer an Ignominious death, unheard or even 
Tried, to know if he was guilty of the Crime or not. 

Qh thou Great Ruler, to whom the Laws have given the Power 
of being the Dispensor of Life and death — Seal not my Death — 
Have mercv on an innocent Man — Shed not my Blood unheard or 
Tried— If by the Outlawry I am to Suffer— Consider thou great 
Governor, my Innocence, my not being Tried, not being heard and 
the Power vested in thee, to Extend it to Objects of Mercy — Save 
then my Life oh gracious Judge — Let Mercy and Compassion 
preside in thy Breast over Rigorous Law — Let thy Government bo 
Crowned by Lenity, Moderation, & Mercy, not Rigor or Resent- 
ment — Pardon thy Suppliant Petitioner, Extend thy mercy towards 
him — Give thy distressed Servant another Sentence — ^Bannish to 
other Territories thy . unfortunate Suppliant — But Let not thy 
humane hand Seal my Death, Unheard or Untried, but Show thy 
Mercy; and may the Almighty Dispensor of Life and Death, take thee 
in his Charge will be ever the prayer of the wretched unfortunate. 


New Goal, 17 Oc, 1784. 

Sis Excellency, Jno. Dickenson, Esq*, Governor of the State of 

Repairs op State House, 1784. 

J. Pearson requests the Honble Council will be pleased to favor 
him with an Order on the Treasurer for Two hundred pounds to 
purchase several materials, and to pay for others already bought for 
reparing the State House. 

Great part of this sum is now necessary and the whole withid" 
Ten days. 

♦ He was pardoned, March 28, 1785. See Col. Rec, Vol. XIV., p. 887, 
888 — 398. A persoa of the Mme name was reprieved under the gallows at 
Newark, N. J., July, nHB^^ShaHtu' Tables, Vol. 2, p. 09. 


, Also requests an Order on Mr. Joseph Stiles for snch ropes and 
-Takle Bloeks that are in his posseisioQ belonging to the State and 
for a wheel harrow or two.* 

Ponble Executive Council. 

Oot 19th, 1784. 

Wardmts of Phila. to Preb. DicKursoK, 1784. 

Warden's Office, 

Philadelphia, October 26th, 1784. 

We haye the honor of inclosing sundry Reports relatire to the 
removing of the Chevanz de Friie for the satisfaction of Tour Ez- 
oellency and the honorable Council, firom which as well as from 
every other Circumstance we ooneeive all obstruction to the Naviga- 
tion, comprised within the Contracts made with Mess" Levi Hollings- 
worth and Arthur Donaldson are effectually removed in Consequence 
of whioh we have given those Gentlemen a Certificate. 
We have the honor to be, 

with the greatest Respect, 
xour Bzcellen<^» 
Host obedient and 
very humble Servants, 
by order of the Board, 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esquire, President 

Port of Philadelphia, 

Warden's Office, October 26th, 1784. 
We do hereby Certify that Mess" Levi Hollingsworth and Arthur 
Donaldson have not only removed and destroyed forty-nine Chevauz 
de Frize, but from the Reports of the Pilots employed in sweeping 
the Bed of the River in the Neighbourhood of Mud Island and 
Billing's port, we have every reason to believe that they have also 
removed all the Frame that were Obstructions, and that the naviga- 
tion in both the Eastern and Western Channel is rendered perfeotly 

A true Copy. 
James Trimble, For John Armstrong, Jun'r Sec'y. 

* See Col. Bee., YoL XIY., p. 286. 
t See OoL Bee., Yol. ZIV., p. S41. 
t See CoL Bee., XIY., p. 241. 

9B» FBNN87I4YANIA i&BOHUnBS 1784. 

P£fli9. Dickinson to Levi HoLUNeswoaiH k A. Donald- 
son, 1784. 

In Coancil; October 28ih, 1784. 

The Certificate from the Wardens of this Port gives us great 
Satisfaction, and we have drawn an order for the Payment of the 
Ballance dne to joa. 

We cannot deny oorselves the Pleasure of expressing apon this 
occasion^ onr sense of the Attention & Ingenuity exerted in remov- 
ing the Chevaux de Frize, and of the very great service thereby 
rendered to our Fellow Citizens. 

I am, with muoh Bespect^ 

Gentlemen, your most 

obedient and very 

humble servant, 
Directed^ . 

Messrs. Arthur Donaldson and Levi HoUingsworth. 

Prks. Dickinson to Mons. Marbois, 1784. 

In Council, October 80th, 1784. 

We inclose the concluded proceedings of the Supremo Court 
in the Case of Charles Julian de Longohamps, and it is with much 
Pleasuite we observe the Bespect therein manifested for the Law of 

I am with great Begard, 

Sir, your most 
obedient & most 
humble Servant, 


Mr. Barbe de Marbois. 

Pres. Dickinson to Minister of United Netherlands, 


In Council, October 31st, 1784. 
We inclose the final proccediugs of the Supreme Court of justice 

* 8eo Col. Reo. Vol. XIV., p. 241. 



in the Case of Charles Jnliaii de Longohampe; and observe with 
Pleasnre the Respect thereby manifefet^ for the Law of Nations. 
I am, with very great Esteem, 

Sir, year most 
obedient and most 
hnmble servant, 

The Minister of the United Netherlands. 

MoNS. Marbois to Pres. Dickinson, 1784. 


Phikdelphia, 1st November, 1784. 

I was informed on my journey that the Conrt of Oyer & Ter- 
miner had passed Judgment on the Frenchman who became guilty 
of a crime against the Law of Nations. I immediately repaired 
hither to be informed from your Excellency of the tenor of this 
Judgment. My Brother delivered me on my arrival the Extract 
from the Record which you have been pleased to send him the day 
before yesterday; I shall transmit it to the King's Miuisters, k 
wait on Congress with the orders which his Majesty shall think pro- 
per to cause to be directed to me. 

I am with respect, Sir, 

your Excellency's most 

humble & most 

obedient servant, 

His Excellency, the President of the State. 

Tkstimonials op p. S. Duponcrau, 1784. 

Je rends aveo plaisir ^ M Du Ponceau le t^moignage qn'il m'a 
pam dans toutes les occasions se conduire de maniere E meriter la 
confiance du public et je pense que ses talens et sa bonne conduite 
le rendent digne de Temploi, qu'il, sollicite. 

Philadelphie le 26 Sber, 1783 
Francisco Rendon. Jacq. Lacaze. Jh. Th. Carr^ 

Onfray Lainniere. P. D. Robert. Du Bey. 

Benj. Terrasson. C. P. Raguet. P. Barriers. 

N. Perre. Chev. de la Luieme. Mallet. 

Ch. Carr^. Marbois. N. Raguet. 

Fred. Divoux. Barb^. E. Htittner. 

Dumont James Yanuzem. 


Stbubbh to Prb8. Dioeihson, 1784. 

Nov. 3rd, 

Mr. DnpoDoeau, who will have the honor to deliver your Ezcel- 
lenoy this, was with me fbor years as Captain & aid de Camp in 
whi^h time I had continual proofs of his capacity & conduct, after- 
wards he served as assistant Secretary in the department of foreign 
affairs with the approbation & esteem of its head A of those who 
were joined with him. 

He is now a Citizen of Pennsylvania, & offers his Service to the 
State as a notary fto., for which affair be possesses all the necessary 
analifications. As I am particularly interested in the wellfare of 
this young Gentlemen who came with me from Europe, I take the 
liberty to recommend him to your Ezcellencys protection & assis- 
tance, which will lay me under the greatest obligations, 
with the greatest respect, 

I have the honor to be Sir, 

your Ezoellency obedient Servant, 

H. M. 
His Ezqy. Qoy. Diokinsoui 

Petition op P. S. Du Ponceau, 1784. 

To His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esqnire, President and the 
Honorable the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of 

The Petition of Peter Stephen Du Ponceau, of the City of Phila- 

Humbly Sheweth, 

That the office of Notary Public & Interpreter for the French & 
Spanish Languages having become vacant by the death of the late Paul 
Fooks, Esquure, the mutual intercourse between the Citizens of this 
State and foreigners has greatly suffered from the want of another 
persons beiuff appointed in his place. That the number of foreign- 
ers who daily nock to this City to enjoy the benefits of an unre- 
strained commerce, having greatly increased since the peace, their 
ignorance of the language of this country lays them continually 
under very great difficulties, and that the appointment of a successor 
to Mr. Fooks, would greatly tend to the advantage of Commerce k 
facilitate an intercourse with foreigners in this state. 

Your Petitioner takes the liberty to represent to your Excellency 
& the Honorable Council, that he has made the study of foreign 
languagesi & particularly of the French^ Spanish & Italian^ the 



object of his partionlar attention. He is a Citiien of this oomnon* 
wealtb, & has serred the United States from a very early period of 
the late war, first as a Captain in the continental army ft aid de Camp 
to major General Steuben, and afterwards as under Secretary for 
foreign afifairs. Upon the cessation of hostilities he has retired to 
private life. Not beina favoured with the gift of Fortune, he 
wishes to support himseff by an honest industry, & to enable him- 
self at the same time to continue the study of the Law which is the 
immediate object of his pursuit. Your Petitioner therefore prays, 

That the Honorable Council will be pleased to appoint & com- 
mission him to be a notarv & Tabellion public for the English, 
French, Spanish & ItaUan languages, & Interpreter for the same, 
in the room of Paul Fooks, Esquire, deceased. 

That they will be pleased to allow him to exercise the same powers 
of administering Oaths and affirmations &c, as are mentioned in the 
Commission granted bv the Honble. Council to the said Paul Fooks, 
Esar., & that they will invest him with the same offices, powers & 
latnorities, with which the said Paul Fooks by the above mentioned 
oommission was invested. 

And your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray &c., 

Philadelphia, 80th October, 1783. 
Being well acquainted with Major Du Ponceau, and having had 
frequent opportunities of observing the Ease and Readiness with 
which he hath interpreted and translated dififerent foreign Langua- 
ges into English. We do certify that from the best Judgment 
which we are able to form, and from the great satisfaction which he 
hath given as well as from his good Character we believe him to be 
a well qualified and very proper Person for the office or Appoint- 
ment in ye foregoing Petition prayed for. 

Jacob Rush, 
Dan. Glymer, 
Robt. Morris, 
James Wilson, 

Wm. Lewis, 
Jona. D. Sergeant, 
Jared Ingersoll, 

Alex. Wilcocks, 
John D. Cox, 
Stnben, H. M. 

' Prbs. Dickinson to (}oybrnor of North Carolina, 


In Council, November 6th, 1784. 

We are informed, that Amos William also is charged with being 
an accomplice in several Robberies Burglaries & Felonies committed 
ia this State, & has fled from Justice, is now in the District of 
Hillsborough in the State of North Carolina, We therefore think it our 


daiy to reqaest, that he may be delivered up to Amoa Bailji the 
Bearar^ in order to be removed to this State. 
I am with great Esteem Sir, 

joar most obedient, and 

most humble servant, 

His Sxoellency the Governor of North Carolina. 

Pbbs. Dickikbon to Goysrnob of Massaohusstts, 1784. 

In Oonncil. November 12th. 1784. 

We are informed that George Gamer and Joseph Smith who are 
charged with Felony committed in this City and have fled from 
Justice, are now in Boston. We therefore think it our duty to 
^nest, that they may be delivered up to the Bearer Mr. John 
Poyntell in order to be removed to this State. 
I am with great Regard Sir, 

Your most obedt. hble. Servt. 

His Exoellency, The Governor of Massachusetts. 

Election of Delegates^ to Congress, 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania In General Assembly 
Tuesday November 16 1784, A. M. 
Agreeable to the order of the day the House proceeded to the 
election of Delegates to represent this State in the Congress of the 
United States for the ensuing year, and the ballots being taken it 
appeared that the Honorable Joseph Seed, Cadwalader Morris, 
William Montgomery, Joseph Gardner^ and William QlDry, of 
Lsnoaster, Esquires, were duly elected. 

Wednesday, November 17, 1784, A. M. 
A letter from Cadwalader Morris Esquire, electmi a I>elegate to 
represent tliis State in the Congress of the United States, was read, 
praying leave to resign' the said appointment, and on motion, and 
by special order, the same was read the second time. 
Ordered that his resignation be accepted. 

Extract from the minutes, 

Asst. Clerk of the General Assembly. 

♦ Col. Bee., VoL XIV. p. 2«1. 


MoNS. Marbois to Pees. Dickinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia, 16th Novr. 1784. 

I Lad the honor of writiog sundry Letters to vonr Excellency, 
reqnesting that you would oe pleased, in conformity with the 
recommendations of Congress to procure to the subjects of His 
Majesty, the payment of the interest of the Loan Office certificates 
issued in this State. I beg you wil be pleased to let me know what 
has been determined thereupon, that I may give information of it to 
his Majesty's subjects. You may easily conceive. Sir, how unfortu- 
nate it is for them, after haying placed so much confidence in the 
thirteen United States to see that the interests of those Certificates 
have been paid to Americans, while the French haye been excluded 
from those payments. 

I also beg your Excellency to let me Know the motives which 
Jiave rendered the recommendations of Congress ineffectual, that I 
may impart them to that Honourable Body. 
I am with respect Sir, 
your most obedient humble servant, 

(Signed,) DE MARBOIS. 

A true Translation from the original. 

sworn Interpreter. 

Judge Hopkinson to Pbbs. Dickinson, 1784. 

To His Excellency the President and Honourable, The Supreme 
Executive Council of Pennsylvania. 


I beg leave to submit the enclosed Depositions to the Considera- 
tion of your Honourable Board; requesting your advice in the 
Business to which they refer. The Vessel in Question was attached 
noder a writ of the Admiralty to answer a Tradesman for work done 
& materials found in building her at Marcus hook, by virtue of 
a late Law of this State for that Purpose. As soon as she was 
launched the attachment was laid, & the forcible rescue immediately 
followed, & the offenders escaped with the property into Delaware 
State. The vessel & the Parties I believe are yet in the Port of Wil- 
mington, & I should hope that it will be thought necessary to take 
':tii« nostipeedy measures for bringing the cCendtir io ammer for 


the Indignity they have thrown on » Goort of Justice of this 

I have the Honour to be, 

with gveai Bespeot Gkntlemeni 
your most obedient^ 
and most fkithfnl humble serrant. 

His ExeeUenoy President DiokinsoO; 
Philada.^ Not. 16tfa^ 1784. 

M0N8. MABBOIS to PbBS. DiOEINSONy 1784. 

Philadelphia, the 17 November, 1784. 

In the befanning of last Summer a report spread in some parts of 
this Continent that there was suspicion cf the plague being at Mar- 
seilles ; altho' withoufany foundation this report has been the source 
of anxiety to Merchants. The Marshal de Castries who has been in- 
formed of it has done me the honour to write me such particulars 
as are most proper to remove their fears ; he informs me that *< all Trad- 
'^ ing vesseb coming from the Levant are only admitted at the ports 
^< of Marseilles & Toulon, but particularly at the former, that the 
*' Lazaretto of Marseilles has the most sure resources, in the most cer- 
'' tain practice of the various methods used for the purification of 
*' Goods and the treatment of Persons/' '< Vessels, continues this 
*^ Minister, directly fitted out from Marseilles, when there are no 
'' particular groundis of suspicion, may be received with perfect con- 
*^ fidence and full credit may bo given to the Bills of Health de- 
'^ livered by the Ma^strates of this City whose Integrity is as well 
''known as their vigilance and Capacity/' 

I thought it my duty. Sir, to communicate to your Excellency 
these accounts in order to dissipate now and henceforth all kind of un- 
easiness. You will find further particulars in the printed Paper 
which I have the honour to address to you, and the experienoe of all 
the Vessels which trade between Marseilles and the Ports of this 
Oontinent proves the truth of the &ct8 which are therein advanoed. 
I am with respeot Sir, 
your Excelleno/s very humble, and 

very obedient Servant, 


His Exeelleney Joka Dickinson^ Esqpr., President of the State of 



Sanburyy November 15th, 1784. 

*■ We have the honor to inform joa that after enduring very great 
fatigue we have happilv effected our negociations with the six con- 
federated Tribes of Indians. The consideration agreed on by us to 
be paid them for the Land purchased, with such other particulars as 
you would wish to have communicated, GoL Johnston will lay be- 
fore you. 

In regard to the Tiadaughton Creek on the West Branch of Sus- 
quehanna mentioned in the Deed of 1768. We bes leave to inform 
you that the six nations publicly declared Pine creek to be the same 
as will appear by the inclosed paper. We are now in Company with 
the Continental Commissioners and mean to proceed with all the 
dispatch, the approaching season will admit to Cayahauga, the place 
fiz^ on by them for holding a Treaty with the Western Inauns, 
where we trust we shall be as successful as at the former. 
We have the honor to be. 
Your Excellency's most obed. 

and very humble Servants, 


rPublic service.) 
His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esqr., President in Council. 

Answer of the Six Nations to Commissioners, 1784. 

Brothers from Pennsylvania. 

We have heard what you have said and are well pleased with the 
same. The Consideration we have fully agreed on which we are to 
receive for the Lands, and agreeable to your request have appointed 
Capt. Aaron Hill, Onegueandahonjo and Koneghariko of the Mo- 
hawk Tribe, Kayenthoshke, Thaghneghtanhare & Teyagonen- 
dagcghti of the Seneca, Ohendarighton, & Thoneiyode of the Cayu- 
ga, Sagoyakalongo & Otoghselonegh, Ojistalale, Oneyanha, Gagh- 
saweda, & Odaghseghte of the Oenida, & Onasaghweughte ft 
Tbalondawagon of the Tuscarora, as suitable persons to receive the 
Goods from you. 

With regard to the Creek called Teadagbton mentioned in your 

* CoL Beo., YoL XIV., p..2ei«— See als» Afddtif, TcL lY., p. 800 (note.) 
Vol. X.— 16 

898 imNSniYANIA ABGHIVES 1784: 

Deed of 1768, we have ^already answered yon and again repeat it, 
it.ii the same joo call Pine ereek, being the largest emptying into 
the West branch of the Snsqaehanna. 

Agreeable to yoor wish we have appointed Tbagbneghlanhare to 
attend your Surveyor in running the Line between you and us. 

We do hereby certify that the aforegoing speech was this daj 
made by Captain Aaron Hill, on the behalf of the Six Nations to 
the Pennsylvania Commisdoners. 

Witness our hand this Twenty third day of October, Anno Domino 
One thousand seven hundred and Eighty four. 

JAMJSS DEAN, Interpreter, 

Pre8. Dickihbon to Pke8. of Conobess, 1784. 

In Gouneil, November 22, 1784. 

Last May we informed Congress of the Oflenoes committed by a 
Frenchman in this State. We have made every Exertion in our 
Power for asserting the Law of Nations on the occasion ; the final 
proceedings of our Supreme Court concerning it, are inclosed. 

We now rely upon the Wisdom of Congress, and hope that the 
Communication we have had the Honor of transmitting will be im- 
proved by them in such a Manner, that this troublesome affair may 
not be attended by any disagreeable Consequence. 
^ I am, with the greatest Kespect, 

' Sir, your most 

obedient and most 
humble Servant, 

His Excellency, the President of Congress. 

Pres. Diceikson to Delegates in Congress, 1784. 

In Council, November 22, 1784. 


. We inclose a Letter for the President of Congress which we hi|ve 
left open for your perusal. 

As you must be sensible of the Difficulties that have occurred in 
a Case of such Novelty, we think it unnecessary to say any thing on 

,. , . * See CeL Rec, Vol. :5JV,, p. 262, 


that Head; and we do not doiil>t, bat joa will satisfy Congress, tbat 
every proper legal step has been taken by the government of this 
State upon the oocasion. 

We are also confident that you will exert your Inflaenoe to pro- 
mote such Measures in Congress as may happily terminate this dis- 
agreeable affair. 

I am, with greatest 

Bespect, Gentlemen, 

Tour most obedient, 

And most humble servant, 


P. S. — We inclose the Resolutions of the committee of the State, 
of June 4, 1784. Approving the Conduct of this Government 

The Honorable*the Delegates of Pennsylvania, in Congress] 

Election oe R. H. Lbb, as Prbs. of CoNaRESS, 1784. 


Trenton, November SOtb, 1784. 

I have the honor to inform you that Eight States being met the 
United States in Congress Assembled have this day proceeded to the 
Choice of a President, & have Elected for the ensuing year His Bx« 
oellency Richard Henry Lee. 

I have the honor to be, 

Sir, your most obedient 

& most hum. Servt, 



His Excellency, the President of Pennsylvania. 

Pees. Dickinson to Paul Phipps, 1784. 

In Council, Deer. 1, 1784. 

We are extremely sensible of the Humanity and Politeness which 
dictated the Communication contained in your Letter dated the 8d 
of last month, and which we received this Day. 

♦ See Col. Bee., Vol. XIV., p. 262. 
t See Gel. Bee. VeL IX., p. 271. 


We have ordered tbem to bo prinfed immediatelj ; and shall be 
Terj glad if anj Meamirea we oan take oan eontribnte to the seiiae 
of joar exertions for the adyancement of '^ Jnadoei" & the Relief 
of the ^' ooDoemed/' 

I am with great eeteem 

Sir; yonr ob. ft 

yery hUe. Seryt," 


1784| December lat To Paul Phipps, Esquire^ at Kiogstoni 

Sam'l J. Atlbe to Prbs. Dickinson, 1784. 

Peqaea, Lancaster Countj, Noy. ISth^ 1784. 

I take the first opportunity to inform Council of my arriyal last 
eyoning, at my own bouse, to take a few days rest and refreshment 
after the most fateaguing piece of Business I oyer undertook. 

I haye the great pleasure of reporting that, that part of our mis- 
aioit that respected the Northern Tribes has been concluded to our 
utmost wish, and I trust will be fally satisfactory to the State. The 
Consequences we must leaye. 

Col. Johnston has beged a few days to see his Family, when we 
shall sett off upon the remaining part of our Task, which I fear 
will be mnch more disagreeable than the former, by reason of the 
advanced Season of year, I mean our Western Duty. We hope, 
howeycr shou'd we return safe to be able to report upon that Busi- 
ness with equal Satisfaction to ourselves and Constituents. 

The Deed from the Six Nations for its greater security we thought 
proper Col. Johnston should take with him, but upon second con- 
sideration I thought best to have it with us, and have apprised him 
thereof. Sbou'd Councill be desirous of seeing it, he will have the 
pleasure of laying it before them for their purusal. 

Untill my Arrival I heard little of the Contests subsisting re- 
specting the late Elections, particularly of this County. My un- 
fortunate absence upon publio Business in October last prevented 
my declaring against an Election of Committees for this County, 
which had I been present I think I should have done judging my- 
self fully intitled to a seat in the Executive for three years from the 
preoeediog Election ; this I think I have full Authority for, from 
the 19th Motion of the Frame of Qovernment, which says, " for the 
present, (that is the year 1777,) the Supreme Executive Councill 
shall consist of twelve persons chosen in the following manner, &c., 
and ever after the first choice in 1777, the sucecssive Councellers 
shall be chosen for three years and no longer. 


By this Clause, I think myself intitled for two years longer to a 
Seat in the Coancill. Nothing bat the important pablick Duty 
assign^ me, would prevent my Attendance and demanding my seat, 
but trusting in the Wisdom and impartial Justice of Councill and 
determining shortly to Proceed to the Westward must defer it, untill 
cor return to make our final report 

Orauting a right of Election for a Counoellor the last OctobeTi 
(which I by no means do,) I think my pretentions strengthened 

iif possible,) by a great majority of my Constituents having declared 
or me which I trust will be found if the matter shall be thoigKt 
. worthy of cool and full investigation. 

The Election of the District of Paxton returning about Eight 
hundred Votes, I understand has been held without the Judges, 
&c., being legally quallifyed, and that not more than one hundred 
and fifty or at most two hundred Voters present 

Complaints are likewise made against the Exorbitant members 
returned from the District of Lebanon, the Disproportion of the 
Voters present being nearly similar to that of Paxton. 

Mcer matter of Right and not of Choice has induced me thus 
fully to write to your Excellency and Council, for be assured, Sir, 
I find more real enjoyment and Satisfaction in one weeks residence 
with my Family and Friends„than I have experienced in all the nine 
or ten years Attendance upon the Duties of the Pnbliok. 
I have the Honor to be, 

Sir, your Excellency's 

and the Council's most 
obedient and most hble. Servt 


His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq., President 

Pres. Dickinson to Gbn'l John ARMSTBONa, 1784. 

In Council, November 27th, 17S4. 

We should be dad that you would return to Philadelphia as soon 
as will be convenient, in order that upon the fullest Information we 
may take such ulterior Measures as the situation of the affairs in 
JNorth* may render proper. 


Oenl John Armstrong. 


P&S8. D10KIN6OK TO MoNS. Marbois, 1784. 

In Goanoil, November 30, 1784. 

We have transmitted to the Qeneral Assemblj jpnr Letter of tho 
.16 Instant as we have the former applioations with which we have 
been honored on the same subject. 

The Power of deciding thereon belongs solely to the Legislative 
Branch of the government ; and as we have no Right to require an 
Exposition of the <' Motives '' of their Conduct^ we cannot undertake 
to determine what they are. , 

I am with Respect^ Sir, 

your very bumble servant, 


Mr. do Marbois.' 

Managers of Statb Lottbry to Council, 1784. 

To the Honorable the Supreme Executive Council. 
The Managers of the State Lottery beg leave to represent ; 
That the sale of the Tickets in the first Class of the said Lottery 
at present amounts to but thirteen hundred & sixty five Tickets. 

That they are of Opiuion it would contribute very much to the 
Sale of the Tickets if a day was immediately fixed, upon which the 
drawing of the said Class should commence ; which they humbly 
submit to the Consideration of Council. 


B. FULLER, V Managers. 

Lottery Office, Decem. 6, 1784. 

Charles Hellstedt to Prks. Dickinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia, Dec'r 7th, 1784. 

I have the honor of communicating to your Excellency His 

^Majesty the King of Sweden's commission, constituting me Swedish 

Consul, to reside as such in Philadelphia in the state of renosylvauia, 

along with the Recognition of the United States in Congress 

assembled, and request your Excellency will be pleased to issue an 

♦ See CoL Rcc., XIV. pp. 276. 


Exequatur thereof and eause the said my appointment to be known 
to all^ whom it may oonoern. 
I am respectfally 

yoor Ezoellenoy's most hnmble 
and most obedient Servant, 


His Excellency John Dickinson^ Esq^r^ President of the State of 


Report of Cottkcil op Cemobs, 1784. 

Toor Committee appointed to extract such parts of the Report as 
adopted by the Conncil of Censors, as they shall judge necessary for 
the House to take Order thereon Beg Leave to Report further in 

The Council of Censors are of opinion^ That the proceedings and 
Sentence of the Genl. Assembly (5th March, 1783) by which 
Timothy Matlack, late Secretary of the Supreme Executive Council, 
was declared '^ unworthy of Publick Trust and Confidence ''f were 
unconstitutional, page 118. 

That your Committee are of Opinion the Houso should take 
Order thereon. 
JMarsedf ^ ' . 

Further Report in part of oommittee app'd to extract such parts 
of the report of the Council of Censors as they may deem necessary 
'for the House to take order thereon. 

Read 1 time Dec'r 10, 1784. Read 2 time Dec. 11 and referred 
to Mr. Kuhl, Mr. Eyre, Mr. Frazer and Mr. J. Clark to report 

Memorial of Timothy Matlaoe, 1784. 

To The Qeneral Assembly of Representatives of the Fceemen of 

Pennsylvania The Memorial & Petition of Timothy Matlack 
Respectfully sheweth. 

That the Comptroller General on the 19th of March, 1783 re- 
ported to the President & Council a state of the money received and 
paid by your memorialist as Secretary reduced to specie value ac- 
cording to the scale of depreciation, stating in the report his opinion, 
that ^e Secretary had to account for certain fees received by him 
^<Bueh as the keeper of the great seal, &c.,'' giving his opioion, thnt 
the sum of divers fees charged to the state by the Secretary ** is 

♦ See C5ol. Reo., Vol. XIV., p. 276. 
t ^^ Archives, VoL IX., p. 762. 


sltogether inadmisBible," Btating that the Secretary ''has also 
charged his salarj, as fixed in October, 1778| to December, 1781, 
ID contradiction (as he says) to the Act of Assembly by which it 
ends at the 22nd day of Jane, 1781, and praying '< to be instmcted 
^ by the Honorable the Oonneil or Assembly what to their pmdence 
<< and Baperi<» wisdom appear most elligible'' as to the manner of 
determining the said points. That the said report was referred by 
His Szoeilency & Gonnoil to tbe^ Honourable House of Assembly 
which, thereupon, March 22nd, 1783, Resolved, That the Comp- 
troller Qenend of this <' state proceed to the trial of the contested 
** points in the accounts of Timothy Matlack, Esq'r, Secretary of the 
** supreme Sxecutiye Council by a jury in the Supreme Court/' 
That your memorialist used his utmost endeavours to have the said 
points tried as early as possible; but, when he had flattered himself 
that the day had arriyed on which they would haye been determined, 
the Counsel for the state declared that the house had ordered what 
could not be done, that it was an absurdity, that to swear a jury to 
try and nye a yerdict on a point of law, was a thin^ which had 
noyer before been heard of; and hitherto your memorialist has not 
been able to obtain any decision on the said points. 

That in consequence of this mode directed by the house your 
memorialist has been preyented from entering into business of any 
kind for near two years past, and that any furtiier delays will utterly 
ruin him and his mmily. That the facts respecting his said accounts 
are agreed, no question whatever haying arisen upon them at any 
time; neither has your memorialist at any time objected to any 
mode of deciding the points stated by the Comptroller General. 

If a jury cannot be sworn to try them| which indeed your memori- 
alist stancis informed is an unusual thing, he is content to take the 
opinion of the Judges thereupon, and therefore prays that this honour- 
aole house will reconsider the said resolve of March 22, 1783 and 
order that the opinion of the judges may be taken on the points 
stated by the Comptroller General which are points of law only in 
which no fact whatever is mixed, and that he be directed to proceed, 
conformably thereto, and conformably to the equitable principle of 
reducing the paper money to specie value according to the scale of 
depreciation as it stands in his said report, to settle your memorialists 
accounts as speedily as possible. 

And your memorialist as in duty bound will ever pray, &c. 

Thomas Scott to Pbbs. Diokinson, 1784. 

Washington, IS^^* Deo', 1784. 
May it Please your Excellency, 

Inclosed is a Return of an Election in the Township of Fallowfield 
for Justices of the Peace. The Warrant on which this Election was 



held is never oome to my liand, nor is it poauble to bold these Peeple 
to strict form, notwithstanding I have give them every Instraotkm— - 
Howeveri I believe the Election was feir and open. I will only 
Bemark, that sundry Elections have been held in this Township^ and 
ftom various canses no Commission has ever been Issued. 
I have the Honour to be 

Tour Excellency's & Council's 

Most Obed* & very Hble, Serv*, 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esquire, President^ & Suprene 
Executive Council of the Commonwealth of PennsylvaniA— 

Resolution of Gbnbbal Assembly, 1784. 

State of Pennsylvania. 

In General Assemblv, 

Tuesday, December 14, 1784, A. M. 
A Message from the President and the Supreme Executive Coun- 
cil, was presented to the chair and read, whereupon 

Resolved, that this House will hold a conference with the Supreme 
Executive Council, on the subject proposed, in the Assembly Cham- 
ber, at eleven o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Extract from the Minutes,'^ 
Clerk of the Ckn* Assembly. 

Report of Committee ok the Memorul of Timotht 
Matlace, 1784. 

^ Your Committee, on the Case of Timothy Matlack, Esq., reported 
by Tour Committee on the Report of the Committee of the Council 
of Censors, as adopted by the said Council, and to whom was aI»o 
committed the Memorial & Petition of the said Hmothy Matlaok| 
beg Leave to recommend the following Resolution, Yiz. : 

Resolved, That the Case of Timothy Matlack, Esq', late Secretary 
of the Supreme Executive Council, was not a subject proper for the 
interference of the Legislature, otherwise than by impeachment, if 
that Mode had appeared to be necessary. 

Resolved, That the sentence of the General Assembly^ passed by 
their Vote of March 5«^, 1783^ by which the said Timothy Matlack 

* See Col. Bee., Vol. ZIV., p. 281. 


wu declared '< unworthy of public Trust and Confidence/' was 

Reaolyed, That the said Vote of March 5*^ 1783^ condemning the 
said Timothy Matlaok be rescinded and annulled. 

Resolved^ That the Resolution of the Oen^ Assembly of Marob 
22*^1 1783, founded on the Report of the Committee of the same 
date^ directing the Comptroller General << to proceed to the Trial of 
<< the oontesti^ Points in the Accounts of l^mothy Matlack, Esq', 
** Seeretaiy of the Supreme Executive Council, by a Jury in the 
** Stapreme Court, & that he be authorised to employ a Council for 
" that purpose," be also annulled and Rescinded, and that it be left 
with the Supreme Executive Council to take such Order upon the 
subject of their Message to the House referred to in the said Report 
of the Committee, as may be right and just, and to which they are 
fully competent.* 


Read 1 time Decem' 14^ 1184. Read 2 time Dec', whereupon 
Resolved^ &c. 

Prbs. Dickinson to Gov. of New Jbrsbt, 1784. 

In Council, December 14% 1784. 

By Resolution of the General Assembly of this State, We are 
authorized to appoint three or more Commissioners, to meet with 
such Commissioners as are, or shall be, appointed on the part of 
New Jersey, to settle, agree upon, & accurately to determine, which of 
the Islands, Islets, and insulated dry Land, mentioned in the Agree- 
ment between the two States, bearing Date on the twenty-sixth Day 
April, 1783, belong to each of the said States, according to the pur- 
port of that Agreement. 

We intend in a short time to appoint Commissioners agreeably to 
the foregoing Resolutions, and now make this Communication, to 
your Excellency, in Ilopes that New Jersey will immediately take 
proper Measures for finally executing the said Agreement in the 
Manner proposed. 

I am, with great Esteem, 

Sir, your most obedient hble servt., 

Hb Excelleney The Governor of New Jersey. 

* They were adopted on the 15th— See Col. Roc, Vol. XIV., p. 281. 
t See Col. Rec. XIV. p. 280. 


Resolution of Gbnbral Assembly, 1784. 

State of PeoDBjlyaniai 
In General Assembly, . 

Wednesday, December 15% 1784. A. M. 
The report of the committee read yesterday,* on the memorial of 
Timolhy Matlaok, and the further report of the committee appointed 
to extract such parts of the report as adopted by the Coanoil osf 
Censors as they should deem necessary for the House to take order 
thereon ; was read the second time and the resolutions therein oonp 
iained adopted as follows, vis : (See them on page 366.) 
Extract from the Minutes, 

J. SHALLU8,t Ass* Clerk 
"^ of tne General Assembly. 

MoNS. Marbois to Pres. Dickinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia, 16** Dec, 1784. 

A box containing Effects has arrived to my direction in the PaH 
franc a Vessel coming from L'Orient. 1 have the honor to inclose 
as a proof the bill of lading with my receipt at the bottom of ik 
The Custom house Officers have refused to deliver the box ni^cr 
pretence of my not enjoying the franchises & exemptions from 
duties as Consul general. This practice being contrary to that 
which takes place with regard to all Consuls voKo do not trade, and 
likewise being in contradiction with the Exequatur which has been 
given to me by your Excellency & the Council of the State, I beg 
you will be pleased to acquaint me with the Intentions of Council 
upon this point, that a perfect reciprocity may be established in France 
with respect to the American Consnb & Vice Consuls which do not 

The Officers of the Customs might immediately have delivered 
that box to me as I am invested with the double character of Consul 
& Chargi des afairea of his majesty, but as they raise doubts about 
my franchises in the first of t£ese capacities, I beg you will let uie 
know the opinion of Council upon this difficulty, that I may impart 
it to my Court. 

I am with respect. Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obedient 

& most humble Servant, 

(Signed) DE MARBOIS.]: 

(Enclosed in the foregoing is a translated copy of Bill of ladiog.) 

' • See page 865. f See CoL Reo., VoL XIV., p. 281, 284. 

t See Col. Rec, Vol. XIV., p. 282, 283, and 808 of this. 


MoN9, Mai^bois to thb Collector of thb Customs 
Phila. 1784. 

PhilAdelphu; IT''^ Deo., 1784. 

I baT« reeeifed your polite oommunioation reapeotiog the Paokage 
of goodi directed to me as Oonaul General . As the diffloultj started 

Sterday about my exempttons from daties as a Consul is now 
ore the Oonnoil, the respeot I owe them does not permit me to 
receive that package previous to their determinations, & before I 
know whether they acknowledge or not my claim to an exemption 
of the dnties as a Consal not in trade. 

I am. Sir, with perfect regard, 

your very bumble obedient servanti 


Pbes. Dickinson to Mons. Mabbois, 1784. 

In Council, December 18^^ 1784. 

In consequence of your Letter of yesterday, we have taken order 
for the Delivery of the case therein mentioned. 

We cannot perceive a propriety in our determining upon this 
occasion conoemioff the claimed fi*anchises of the Consulate, as no 
agreement respecting them has yet been concluded between His 
most Christian Majesty & the United States, and in the present 
Instance the Character of Consul is merged in that of Charg4 des 

I am with Bespect Sir, 

your very humble'& obed. Serv* 


MoNS. Da Mabbois to Pws. Dickinson, 1784. 

Philadelphia, 19th December, 1784. 

Oi\ the 16th inst. a resolution was passed in Congress, of which 
I have the honor to enclose a Copy to your Excellency, in case the 
original should [not] have reached you, I beg you will lay it before the 

* See CoL Bee., Vol. XIV., p. 282, 283. 


Assembly as soon as business will permit, that they may take this 
object into their consideration before the end of their present sitting. 
I am with respect Sir, 
your Excellency's most obedienty 

and most hnmble seryant, 

(Signed) DE MARBOIS ♦ 
A trae Translation from the original. 

Sworn Interpreter. 

Resolution of Gongbess, 1784. 

By the United States in Congress, Assembled. 
Deer. 16tb, 1784. 
On the report of a committee to whom was refered a note from 
the cbarg^ des affairs of his most Christian majesty dated the 1 
Deer. 1784, respecting the delays and difficulties complained of by 
French agents in settling their accounts in this country. 

Resolved, That copies of the said note be immediately sent to the 
different States and that it be recommended to them to paser such 
remedial laws on the subject aa their respectire Constitutions may 


Pres. Dickinson to Deleqates nf Conqress, 1784. 

In Council, December 20th, 1784. 

We inclose a Letter to the ^President of Congress, with Copies of 
the late Law for adjusting Claims against the United States, & of 
Resolutions of the General Assembly of the 16th Instant on that 
subject. It is proper that you should be informed why these 
Resolutions were taken, after the Law had passed. 

This Law appearing to all of us likely to be attended by Tcry 
injurious Consequences, we desired a Conference with the Legislative 
Branch, which was held the 15th Instant In that, we among other 
things, represented ^^that the Law directly contradicts the Mode 
agreed upon by the United States in their acts of the 20th of 
February, 1782 & the 3d of June, 1784 — that those acts are now 
carrying into Execution in the other states as appears by a Letter 
produced from the Honorable Robert Morris, Esquire — that Penn- 
sylvania had actually voted for that mode at both the times before 
mentioned, and had thereby contributed to give it the federal Foree 

♦ Col. Reo., Vol. XIV., p. 281. 


that is now executing it in the otber States — that she has^ by her 
legislative and executive acts, repeatedly approved the Exercise of 
this Power by Congress, and acknowledged its obligation — & that 
from these circumstances there appeared a striking Impropriety in 
such a Deviation from the national Plan — 

That in proceeding upon this Plan such care has been taken to 
prevent partiality, that no person has been nominated to settle 
amounts in a State, in which he resides as a Citizen — that a line is 
well drawn for dividing with Justice between such contending 
Interests & that a Departure from this prudent Caution, & the con- 
sequent appointment of Citizens for Commissioners, who may be 
exposed to the various & powerful Influences of local Connections, 
is by no means adviseable — 

That if a Continental Commissioner misbehaves, or is incapable 
of transacting the Business of his Department in reasonable time, 
the proper £emedy is by application to Congress for the appoint- 
ment of another, & if necessary, of more — 

That for any state to break thro' the national Plan and assume 
the settlement of all accounts within itself, & to insist that it shall 
be binding upon the Union, would seem to impeach the Wisdom, 
Integrity, or authority of Congress — 

That it is very probable. Congress will deny us Credit for accounts 
thus adjusted, as irregularly settled & hence may begin a Competi- 
tion of powers, to be followed by many Evils — 

That the Injunction in the Law, of Correspondence with the 
Commissioners <' in order to prevent Confusion, and to gain neces- 
sary Information," will be totally vain if those Commissioners refuse 
to give E£fect to the Correspondence — that if this happens there 
will then be several Commissioners, unconnected, appointed by 
different authorities, and employed at a double Expence, in affairs of 
the samc.kind requiring in the Management of them the strictest 
uniformity of Regulation and the fullest Communication of Intel- 
ligence — & for want of these many Errors & Frauds are to be 
expected, as is manifest from the Law itself— 

That the Law does not seem to ascertain with sufficient precision 
the persons or Demands, that are its objects — that all those whose 
Claims may be adjusted by the Commissioners of this state, will 
insist upon a particular Right for having them funded here, alledging, 
that their Reliance upon a Law of this Commonwealth of which at 
the time of its Enaction they were *' Inhabitants," prevented them 
having their accounts liquidated in such manner as to be admitted 
by the United States as just charges against them, so that they will 
not only lose their original Demands, but will have been put to 
much useless Trouble & Expence in attending the Commissioners of 
the state, unless the state will pay them — and their Demands to a 
very large amount, properly chargeable to the United States, and 
which would have been acknowledged & provided for by then], if 
they had been settled & certified by their Commissioner according 


to the Dational Plan, maj by the Interferenoe of this Law be fixed ^ 
as a perpetaal Debt on this state, without our ever beiDg able to 
obtain any allowance for it from the^United States/' 

We hope, that upon a Consideration of the Reasons that in our 
judgment have weight, you, Gentlemen, will agree with us in 
opinion that it is exceedingly important, that the additional Com- 
missionera should be appointed by Congress, and any occasion for 
an appointment by ns be thereby superseded. 

We have only to add, that a variety of Circumstances in the 
strongest manner requires, that the Commissioners should be imme- 
diately appointed ; and therefore we earnestly request, that you will 
be pleased to make every Exertion in your power for this purpose. 
I am with great Respect, Ocntlemen, 

your most obedient & very h'ble serv't. 


The Honorable, the Delegates of Pennsylvania. 

Pres. Dickinson to Pkes. op Congebss, 1784. 

In Council, December 20th, 1784. 

We have the Honor of enclosing Copies of a Law of this state 
ktely passed k intitled '^ an act to carry into immediate Efieot 
the R^olutions of the United States in Congress assembled for 
adjusting the Claims of Individuals of this Commonwealth against 
the said United States,'' and of Resolutions of the General Assembly 
6f the 16th Instant upon the same subject. 

Several Considerations arising from the particular Circumstances of 
this state, urge us to request, that Congress will be pleased as speedily 
as possible to appoint two or more Commissioners in addition to the 
on^ already appointed, for the purpose of settling & properly 
certifying the Claims of the Citizens of this State against the United 
States, which will supersede the necessity of an appointment Jby us. 
I am with great Respect, Sir, 

your Excellency's most obedient ' 

and most humble servant, 


His Excellency, the President of Congress. 


Pkes. Dickinson to Managers of State Lottert, 1784. 

Beoretarj's Offioe, Deo'r 2lBty 1784. 

CouDoil ibis mornuiff took joar kte applioation npon the subjeot 
of the State Lottery into eonsideratioD and have dirooted me to 
oommanicate as the Beault of it, that they cannot approve the 
proposition of appointing a day for the commencement of the 

They flatter themsdves that the late encouragement given by the 
Ass'y will have their intended effect and are sure that the Managers 
will take all possible means to avail themselves of them. 
I am; with much respect, 

your obedient hum. Seiyt, 

J. Armstrong, jr., Sy. 

Matthew Clarkson, Esq'r. 

Andrew Porter to Council, 1784. 


The Commissioners having adjourned from the business of runing 
the boundary Line of this State until sometime in the month of 
May next — I have Ordered the light Wagon & one of the heavy 
Wagons with the Mathematical Instruments to this place, and 
expect they will arrive the Latter end of this, or the beginning of 
next Week — The other two Wagons k five Horses I left with an 
Inhabitant of Ten Mile Creek in -Washington County, where the 
Horses will be Wintered on reasonable terms — I now wait to know 
the Orders of Council what I am to do with the remainder of the 
Horses k the Two Wagons when they arrive. — When my Books & 
Papers come to hand I shall make a further report with an accurate 
ace t of the expenditures, as soon as I can possibly attend to the 
drawing out of those acc'ts, but in the mean time must request, 
that Council will please to order a Draft in my favour for Two 
Hundred pounds to enable me to pay off the Wagoners; and a sum 
of money I borrowed and applied to Public use. 
' I am with every sentiment 

of Bespect k Esteem, Gentlemen, 
Your Obed't Serv't, 


Philad-, Dec 20th, 1784. 

To His Excellency the President, and the Supreme Executive 
Council, Pennsylvania. 

* See Col. Rec, Vol. XIV., p. 286, 286. 


Bbpairs of Statb Housb, 1784« 

.To the* HoD'ble the Supreme Exeoutive Coancil of the Commoiip> 

wealth of PenDsyhania. 

Having expended the two hundred pounds reo'd of the Treasurer 
y jour Order in those repairs of the State House which the Season 
of the year made most necessary ; The copper trunks to convey the 
water from the roof, paveing and Gravelling at the front, and the 

Caparations for planting trees in the Square back of the House 
ing nearly accomplis^d. It will require the further sum of 
Three hundred pounds to pay the Several Expenoes incurred. 

Therefore request the Hon'ble Council will be pleased to give an 
Order for that Sum on the Treasurer of the State, and Oblige 

y h'ble Serv't, 

Philad'a, Decem' 20th, 1784. 


To the Hon'ble Executive Council. 

Joint Report of Comm'bs on boundary bbtwebn Penn'a 
AND Virq'a, 1784, 

Agreeably to the Commission given by the State of Virginia to 
James Madison, Robert Andrews, John Page and Andrew EUicott, 
& by the State of Pennsylvania to John Ewing, David Rittenhouse,t 
John Lukens & Thomas Hutchins, to determine by astronomical 
observations the Extent of five Degrees of Longitude west ftrom the 
Biver Delaware in the Latitude of Mason's & Dixon's Line, & to run 
ft mark the Boundaries which are common to both States, according 
to an agreement entered into by Commissioners firom the said two 
States at Baltimore in 1779, & afterwards ratified by their respective 
assemblies ; We, the underwritten Commissioners, together with the 
Gentlemen with whom we are joined in commission, have by corres- 
ponding astronomical observations, made near the Delaware & in the 
western Country, ascertained the extent of the said five Degrees of 
Longitude: and the underwritten Commissioners have continued 
Mason's & Dixon's Line to the Termination of the said five Degrees 
of Longitude, by which work the southern Boundary of Pennsyl- 
vania is completed. The continuation we have marked by opening 
vistas over the most remarkable Heights which lie in its course, £ 
by planting on many of these Heights in the Parallel of Latitude^ 

* See GoL Beo., ZIY., p. 286. 

t See Smith's Laws, Vol. 11., p. 261. 


the true Boundary, Posts marked with the Letters P & V., each 
Letter facing the State of which it is the Initial. At the Extremity 
of this Line, which is the South West corner of the State of Penn- 
«yivania, we have planted a squared unlettered white oak Postj 
around whose Base we have raised a Pile of stones. The Comer is 
in the last vista we cut, on the east side of an Hill, one hundred & 
thirty-four Chains & nine Links East of the meridian of the western 
observatory, & two Chains & fifty-four Links west of a deep narrow 
Yalley through which the said last vista is cut. At the Distance of 
fifty-one Links & bearing from it North twenty-three degrees east 
stands a white oak marked on the south side with three notches ; & 
bearing South twelve Degrees west & at the Distance of twenty-nine 
Links stands a black Oak marked on the North side with four 
Notches The advanced season of the year & the Inclemency of the 
weather have obliged us to suspend our operations ; but we have 
agreed to meet again at the South west Comer of Pennsylvania on 
the sixteenth Day of next May, to complete the Object of our Com- 
mission. Oiven under our Hands & Seals, in the County of Wash- 
ington in Pennsylvania this 18th Day of November, 1784. 


Report op Penna, Commissioners on Boundary with 
Virginia, 1784. 

To His Ezoellenoy John Dickinson, Esi}', Preeident of the State, & 
To the honorable the Supreme Executive Council of the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania. 

The Commissioners appointed for ascertaining the Length of five 
Degrees of Longitude and for determining and fixing the Boundary 
Lines between this State and Virginia by astronomical Observationsy 
beff Leave to Report| 

That after procuring the necessary Instruments, according to the 
Directions of Council m the preceeding Spring, we sett off for our 
respective Places of observation about the Beginning of June, Mess^^ 
Bittenhouse and Lukens to Wilmington, and Ewing and Hutchins 
to the South Western Comer of the State. 

The observers at Wilmington compleated their Observatory, and 
furnished it with the necessary Instruments, so as to begin their 
astronomical Operations, in Cod junction with Mess*^ Page and An- 
drews, Commissioners from Virginia, about the Beginning of July ; 
where they continued observing the Eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites, 
till the 20th of September, that they might have a sufficient Num- 

* See Col. Rec, Vol. XIV., p. 288. 


ber of them, both before and after his opposition to the Sun ; And 
altho' the Sammer proved very un&vourable for astronomical pur- 
posesy they wore fortunate enough to make, amongst them, near 60 
Observations of these Eclipses, besides many other Observations of 
the other heavenly Bodies for the Regulation of their Clock and 
fixing their Meridian Line ; sa that they were well accertained of 
their Time to a single Second. 

In the mean Time, the other Observers, setting out from Phila- 
delphia, pursued their Rout, to the South Western Extremity of the 
State, where they arrived about the middle of July, having been 
greatly retarded by the Badness of the Roads through that moun- 
tunous Country. There they met with MessF* Madison and EUicotty 
the Commissioners from the State of Virginia, who had arrived about 
the same Time. With all possible Dispatch, they erected, their 
Observatory on a very high Hill at the place where the Continuation 
of Mess'* Mason and Dixon's Line by Mess'* Nevelle and M'Clean 
Ended ; supposing that this place would prove to be near to the 
Western Extremity of five Degress of Longitude from the River 
Delaware. After erecting their Instruments, which had not sustained 
the least Damage, by the Carriage through so long a Journey, and 
the most unfavourable Roads, they began their astronomical Obser- 
vations about the middle of July, and they continued them Night 
and Day till the 20th of September following. Although they were 
frequently interrupted and disappointed by an uncommon quantity 
of Rain and Foggy Weather, which seems peculiar to that hilly 
Country, yet by their Attention to the Business of their Missioni 
they made between 40 and 50 Observations of the eclipses of Jupi- 
ter's Satellites, many of which were correspondent with the Obser- 
vations made by the other Astronomers at Wilmington ; besides 
innumerable Observations of the Sun and Stars for the Regulation 
of their Time Pieces and the marking of their Meredian with the 
greatest Precision. 

In this part of their work, situated near 80 Miles beyond any of 
the Inhabitants, the Commissioners were greatly assisted by the 
Diligence and indefatigable activity of Coll. Porter, their Commissary, 
to whose Industry in providing every Thing necessary, and prudence 
in managing the Business of his Department with the utmost 
Oeconomy, the State is greatly indebted. 

The astronomical Observation being compleated on the 20th of 
September, the Eastern astronomers set out to meet the other Com- 
missioners in the West, in order to compare them together. Mess^ 
Rittenhouse and Andrews carried with them the Observations made 
at Wilmington, while Mess" Lukens and Page returned home, not 
being able to endure the Fatigues of so long a Journey, nor the 
Subsequent labour of running and marking the Boundary Line. Mr. 
Madison continued with the Western Astronomers till the arrival of 
MessF* Rittenhouse and Andrews, when the affairs of his Family and 
paUiok Station obliged him to relinquish the Business at this Stage^ 


and retarn Homei after concurring with the otber Commissioners tisi 
to the principles on which the matter was finally determined. 

Upon Comparison of the ObservaUons made at both Eztremities 
of our Southern Boundary, your Commissioners have the pleasure of 
assuring you, that no Discouragements arising ft'om the un&YOuraUe 
State of the Weather, or tho unaToidable Fatigues of constant appli- 
cation by Day and frequent Watobings by Night, have prevented 
them from embracing every opportunity, and making a suffieient 
Number of Astronomical Observations, to determine Uie Length of 
five Degrees of Longitude with greater Precision than could be 
Attained by terrestrial Measures of a Degree of Latitude in difierent 
places of file Earth : and further, that they have compleated their 
Observtions with so much accuracy and certaintv as to remove from 
their Minds every degree of doubt concerning their final determination 
of the South Western Comer of the State. 

In the Result of the Calculations, they found that their observa- 
tories were distant from each other twenty minutes and one second 
and an eighth part of a Second of Time. But as the Observatory 
at Wilmington was fixed at 114 Chains, 13 Links West of the In- 
tersection of the Boundary line of this State with the River Dela- 
ware ; and as 20 Minutes of Time are equivalent to five Degrees of 
Longitude, they made the necessary Correction for the said 114 
Chains, 13 Links, and also for the said one Second and one eighth 
part of a second, which is equal to 19 Chains and 96 Links ; and 
4usoordingly fixed and marked the South Western Corner of the 
State in the manner mentioned in the joi^t agreement and Report 
of the Commissioners of both States under their Hands and Seals, 
which we have the Honour of laying before the Council.* 

Ailer these calculations were made, the Commissioners proceeded 
with all convenient Dispatch to the place where Mason and Dixon 
formerly were Interrupted by the Indian Nation in runniog the 
southern Boundary of this State, in order to extend the said 
Boundary Westward to the length of five Degrees from the River 
Delaware. Being prevented by rainy weather for near a week from 
making any astronomical observations in order to ascertain the 
Direction of the Parallel of Latitude, which we were to extend we 
concluded, to save Time and Expence, that it would be* eligible to 
take the last Direction of Mason and Dixon's Line, and to correct 
it, if necessary, when we should have an opportunity of a serene 
Sky. Upon extending the Line in this Manner 195 Chains from 
the place where they ended their work, we found by astronomical 
observations that we were 82 feet and 5 inches North of the true 
Parallel, and we accordingly made the necessary Correction here 
and marked a Tree with the Letters P. on the North side and Y. on 
the South. From thence we assumed a new direction, which we 
again corrected in like manner at the distance of 575 Chains where 
we found our Line to be 73 feet and 6 inches North of the Parallel 
of Latitude. We made the offsett accordingly and planted a large 
* See page 878. 


post 10 the true Parallel marked as above. From thenoe we fouDd 
another direetion by caloulation, which beginning at the said post 
should at the Distance of eight Miles from it, intersect the said 
Parallel, making o&etts at convenient distances, and planting Poats 
in the true parallel. This direction being continued 83 Chains far- 
ther than the eight miles above mention^, fell 28 Inches South of 
the Parallel, where we also planted a post in the true Boundary 
marked as before ; and from thence to the South West Comer of 
the State we assumed a new Direction which being continued, fell 
two feet and eight inches South of the said Corner. This correc- 
tion therefore being made, we planted a Squared White Oak Post 
in the said Point, and marked its bearing from Different Objects, as 
mentioned in our joint Report. Besides the Marking of the Boun- 
dary Line by the Posts and Stones above mentioned ; your Commis- 
sioners took care to have a Visto of 20 or 30 feet wide cut over aU 
the most remarkable Ridges which were in the Direction of the 

For a more particular description of this part of our work, we 
beg leave to refer to the annexed plan"*" and sketch of the Country 
through which the Line Passed. The season being now far advanced, 
we were obliged to desist from any farther Prosecution of the work, 
and agreed with the Virginia Commissioners to meet them at the 
South Western Corner of our State on the 16th of May next, to 
proceed in running and marking the Western Boundary of this 

Agreeable to our Commission to report the Situation of the 
Country and the best means of preserving the Communication and 
Connection between the Eastern and Western Parts of the State, wo 
beg Leave to observe that the natural obstructions to so desirable a 
purpose may be, in a great measure removed by a few easy Instances 
of attention, paid by the Legislature of this State to the Situation 
and exhausted condition of the Western Citizens. Their public Roads 
are numerous, extensive and in bad order ; while the Citizens being 
few in number, scattered at a Distance from each other, and being 
harrassed and exhausted by an Indian War, are unable to repair their 
Roads, or to open them through more easy and convenient Passes 
over the Hills and Mountains. A few' hundred pounds, not exoeed- 
inff one thousand judiciously and frugally applied, would in our 
opinion make a tolerable good Waggon Road from York County to 
the Monongahela; and thereby facilitate the Exportation of Goods 
from this City to that Western Country, and secure their Trade with 
ns ; especially if the Ferry over the Susquehannah was made free to 
all the Citizens of the State. It appears probable to us, that other- 
wise the Exertions o f Maryland and Virginia, to repair their Roads 
to that country, will frustrate the Expectations, which we are en- 
titled to entertain of enjoying the advantages of the Trade with the 
Western Parts of our own State. We beg Leave fiurther to ob- 
* No plan has as yet been discovered. 


aerre that the natural attachment of the Western OitiKens to this 
State might be inoreaeed and fixed by an indulgeoce to their distressed 
Situation in the price of their Lands, and the Terms of payment, and 
particularly in the remission of the Interest due on the porohase 
Money, dmring the Time they have been obliged to eyaouatc their 
Possessions by the 8avageS| and fly to Forts for the security of their 
Lives and Families. 

Philada., 28d Dec., 1784. 

Indoraed, — ^The Report of the P* Oommissioners for running the 
line between this State & Virg*, enclosing the joint report of the s* 
Commissioners & those from Virginia — to be entered in the letter 
book with its enclosures — Entered. 

Bepobt & Resolution Respecting Arrears of Imposts, 


State of Pennsylvania, 

In General Assembly, 

Friday, December 24th, 1784.— A. M. 

The^House resumed the consideration of the Report of the Com- 
mittee appointed << to enquire from what cause so large a Sum of 
** public money due upon the imposts laws, appears to he outstand- 
« ing and report thereon/' when the same was adopted as follows, 

The Committee appointed '' to enquire from what cause so large 
'< a Sum of public money due upon the impost laws appears to be 
outstanding, and report thereon," Report, 

That they have made the enquiry to them committed and find 
from the information of the Collector of the imposts, and from the 
Books and Papers by him exhibited to your Committee, that there 
appeared to be due from sundry individuals on bonds, on the IstDay 
of November last, about the Sum of Sixty thousand Pounds. That 
the said Collector hath, as well by advertisements published in the 
News-papers, as otherwise, used endeavours to collect the monies duo 
on the said Bonds ; that some of the said monies have been col- 
lected, since the said first day of November ; and that the said Col- 
lector expressed strong expectations, founded on the assurances he 
had received from the oblieors in the said Bonds, that the whole of 
the monies due as aforesaid would be paid in the course of one or 
two months. 

Your Committee nevertheless deem it expedient that measures 

* See Col; Reo., Vol. XIV., p: 288. Dr. Ewing resigned March 26, 1786. 
See ibid., p. 454, and this VoL under that date, 


should be taken to expedite the collection of the said debts and more 
especially those which have been long due, and therefore your Com- 
mittee offer the following Resolution, viz* : 

Resolved, That the Supreme Executive Council be desired to 
t»ke proper order for procuring the payment of the monies due on 
the said Bonds. Extract from the Minutes. 

Clerk of the General Assembly. 

Message from the General Assembly, 1784. 

A Message from the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, To His Excellency The President, and the Honor- 
ftble the Supreme Executive CoanciL 


With all due respect and Attention we the Representatives of the 
Freemen of the State of Pennsylvania in General Assembly met, 
have taken into Consideration your message of the fourth instant,'*' 
and tho' public debates of this nature seldom produce real Convic- 
tion either in the minds of those with whom they originate or by 
whom they are conducted, we are of opinion that the Plan for pro- 
viding for the payment of the public debts, against which the pre- 
sent address militates, is founded on such Principles of natural, and 
political Justice, that nothing farther will be necessary to evince ita 
Merit, than to state some of those leading principles, and re-call to 
memory those Sentiments which in time of public danger operated 
on every feeling mind with truth and emergy ; Nor can we suppose 
the security and case resulting from peace have or can obliterate 
them. We trust we shall also rectify some mistakes into which Your 
Honorable Board have fallen in point of fact ; We admit and We 
avow it in the face of the World that we esteem it a duty t^ pay 
the debts contracted on the faith of the public according to their just 
Value, and to the Amount ascertained by those officers who under 
public authority have stated and certified them; and that every 
thing which interferes with a such payment either in the creation of 
the funds from which it is to be made or by direct diminution of 
the debts so acknowledged, we consider unjust and impolitic and to 
which of course we cannot assent. 

As the message generally and highly approves, the principles, on 
which the several AcU of the 12th March, 1783, << for the Sale of 
certain Lands therein mentioned," and 1st of April, 1784, intitled 
" An Act for opening the Land Office." We need only observe on 
this point, that it was ever our intention generally to adopt and 
carry them into Effect, and that the evils arising from long Credit, 
from which would probably result uncertain payment, and factious 

♦See Col. Beo., Vol. XIV., p. 271. 


GombiaatioDa asaiDst the peace of the State, oannot arise, no Booh 
Credit being to be given by the Act passed this Session. It is pro^ 
posed to sell the Lands at moderate prices, and immediatelj reoeivo 
the Consideration which the ^lessage admits as best calculated to 
extinguish the demands on the Commonwealth, and relieve the peo- 
ple in the article of Taxes. The Mischiefs of increasing publio 
Credit, and of course, the dealing in public funds are not so well 
known to us as the message supposes. Wo know such funds exist 
in all free States, the most flourisliing and best regulated ; and pre- 
sume that they arc only dangerous from their abuse. We flatter 
ourselves, That on this occasion, with caution, and moderation they 
will not be liable to the dangers resulting from an improvident exer- 
cise of power cither in the mode of administering such funds, or their 
disproportion to our Ability in supporting them. We consider 
these funds as providing the means of payment of a just debt, and 
that by vigorious exertions in reducing the debt as speedily and 
into as small a Compass as possible, we sball most effectually goard 
against the Consequences suggested of dealing in public funds; for 
the debt being lessened or discharged, the Opportunities for such 
Speculations will be diminished or done away. 

If your Excellency and the Honorable Board suppose, that bj 
making no other provision for the Relief of the public Creditorsi 
than what will arise from the Sale of Lands, such Creditors driven 
by despair, and pinched by necessity will be compell'd to take 
Lands on any terms, or will sell their Certificates at any price to 
those who seek to speculate in Land, We are at a toss to reconcile 
it to those professions of tenderness expressed for Widows, Orphana 
and worthy Citizens yet retaining their Certificates. For when we 
recur to the provision made by former Legislatures for these respect- 
able Claimants in the Acts of Assembly enumerated in the Mcssagei 
we find them totally inapplicable to the End. The Act passed the 
21st March, 1783, in titled << An Act for providing the Quota of 
fooderal Supplies," and its Supplement passed the 25th September 
following, only gave a temporary relief for payment of Interest for 
one year, and were declared to be for enabling, them to pay their 
Taxes for the Supplies of the Current year, and as for the Act 
intitled^An Act to appropriate certain monies arising from the 
Excise with its Supplement of the 20th Sept., its Benefit was ex- 
clusively limited to the Otficcrs and Soldiers of the Army. Those 
respectable Claimants therefore, certainly have never received that 
attention the message so explicitly declares, and other efforts, than 
those mentioned in the said Acts, are requisite for their Uelief, or 
they must remain, not merely in the uncomfortable state so coldly 
described in the message, but in a state of great poverty and dis- 
tress. The objection to the just and honorable payment of these 
debts because the folly of some, and necessity of others have thrown 
a part of them into other hands than the original holders, at a prioe 
below their apparent Value, seems to as as destructive of all future 


Credit as present Justice. Being in tbeir nature negotiable, and 
original! J made transferable, who will ever receive thcra hereafter 
if tbej are thus depreciated bj public Authority f Let it al^o be 
remembered, that whatsoever price the present possessors may haVe 
paid for some of these Certificates, the public bad a valuable Cousi- 
deration, and that a great proportion of them jet remain in the 
hands of the original Possessors ; aod as no discrimination is pro- 
poeed| and must be extremely difficult, what is to become of these 
respectable C/aimants f are they to suffer because their interests are 
accidentally blended with those of others less so? It does not appear 
to us consonant to Justice or sound policy to depreciate honest debts 
because they vary in the degree of merit; for that any are unjust 
in themselves, none pretend. , 

To these original possessors none of the Observations in the 
message apply, which suppose such an Accumulation of value. They 
expected to receive their real value ; they ask no more ) aud this they 
are intitled to : — to oblige them to take less must be confessedly un- 
just But we feel no apprehensions of a few Persons being sud- 
denly raised into great wealth, while others are proportionably 
depressed : Because we see every Species of public Certificates have 
been long current and the most unexceptionable funds provided in 
mauy Cases to support them, such for instance as the appropriation 
of the excise for the Benefit of the Army, and yet we see no such 
exorbitant wealth or depressed industry. To make common Conver- 
sation, (and that founded in supposition,) a ground of public mea- 
sures from which injustice to the Widow, Orphan and worthy 
Citizen will follow, we cannot suppose the generous and benevolent 
temper of Pennsylvania will admit, and yet we can dednce no other 
Consequence from admitting that those who were about to buy Cer- 
tificates were led by general Conversation to Contemplate the Lands 
of the State as the only fund for their redemption. We trust the 
public proceedings of this State will have a more stable and solid 
foundation. ^ 

That the Certificates will rise in valne in consequence of a well 
grounded hope of just and honorable payment, we hope i&nd expect^ 
but that it will enhance the price beyond their origiual Value, we 
cannot believe, and their advance towards it will be fully compensa- 
ted by recovering public Credit, renewing confidence in.Govemment, 
and enabling us to establish a Loan Office from which the distant 
freeholders will be accommodated with money on easy Terms and at 
a reasonable interest But how will this be attained if instead of 
applying the wisdom and energy of Government to restore publio 
Credit, — we fall into every temptation to commit publio iojustice-* 
whether the debts are just, is in opr view, the first Consideration — 
this is not questioned, for they are admitted, not only to be just but 
meritorious. The next is, how shall they be discharged f we say, 
hanetiljff as a Source of futare Confideooe and supply equitably as con- 
foroiably to natural Juatioe } and arat^uU^ as apioper return to thoM 
Vol. X— 17. 


who in times of public danger and difficulty lent their Property to 
effect the great Parposes of Liberty and Independence. In Confirma* 
tion of those sentimentSi we shall recnr to a message of your Excellen- 
cy's and the Honourable Board of August 17th,1783, as the most un- 
exceptionable authority. There it is said^ << The discharge of debt8 
<' due by the State, cr if that cannot be soon accomplished, at least 
** the regular Payment of the Interest, should be provided for, and 
'^weli secured by adequate funds; so that the best satisfaction 
" which Circumstances will permit, may be given to the Creditors. 
** Continual and sometimes very affecting applications are made to 
'' us : but while we perceive the obligations of Justice, and the 
" Injuries and distresses attendant upon a non-compliance with them 
'' we are unable to afford Relief. It is essential to the public wel- 
** fare that public Credit, upon which alone oonfidenoe can be foun- 
<'ded, should be supported; and we earnestly wish, the General 
** Assembly would take into their serious Consideration the ways 
^'and means for establishing a more regular and improved System 
** of Revenue. We believe that the burthens of the good people of 
'' this state might be thus relieved ; and we shall esteem ourselves 
" very happy if we can furnish any useful Information upon this 
'' subject.^' Contemplating the resources of the State, we cannot 
with your Excellency and the honorable Board, consider the Circum- 
stances of the Treasurers notes as proofs of our inability to support 
our Credit, because a Want of Punctuality in the redemption of all 
our public securities is equally to be lamented. Even the anticnt 
emissions of Paper money before the Revolution were not punctually 
redeemed, but certainly not from inability. It arises from the de- 
lay of the Collection of Taxes, which it is the duty of the executive 
part of Government to remedy. 

We wish and hope to ease our Constituents under the public 
burthens ; we partake of them ourselves, and therefore must be al- 
ways interested to lessen them ; but we see no cause to depreciate 
the ability of the State, as well as its Credit, when we reflect that 
in the year 1782, when we had tieither rested from the ravages of 
the war, nor tasted the blessings of peace, a Tax of £420,000 was 
imposed, and tho' heavy it was not insupportable. In the year 
1788, a farther Tax was laid for £226,000, without any aid ft-om 
the sale of Lands. The present supply calls for a Tax of but 
£76,945 17 6 annually, which is the very sum recommended by 
Congress, and adopted by a late Assembly for twenty five years, and 
when the Purposes to which it is to be applied are duly considered^ 
and that its duration will probably be terminated in a much shorter 
time than twenty five years, " the generous and benevolent temper 
of Pennsylvanians" will not permit it to be deemed grievous, nof 
hndttly bnrthensome. We oome now to the last objection against 
thus providing for the payment of the public debts; that it will 
interfere with foederal measures; we wish your Excellency and the 
honorable Board iniAead of resting on a general declaration; had 


pdinted oat this ioteferenee. BMides the inatanoe above iseiitioDed 
the Journals of GoDgrese aboaad in Beaolvea and ReoommeiidatioiiB 
ia whioh the ntmoBft energy of language is exerted to induoe ns to 
pay these debts honorably and justly. We mean to show our respeot 
ibar the Counsels of that honourable Body by our Gomplianoe as well 
as by our professions. We ha?e thereupon eoUeotod their senti- 
Bientsas scattered thro' divers of their Prooeedinga. 

In the celebrated Letter of the 13th Septeraber, 1779, after ex- 
prMsing with the most pathetic eloquence, the baseness and bad 
policy of failing to support the public faith, thus urge its inhumanity 
as well aa injustice : That the Complaints of ruined widows and 
latherless Children whose sole support rests in the public funds have 
already gone forth, and with the greatest Solemnity they bid us take 
eare, that they rise no higher. 

On the ISth April following they declare that the hoUersof loan 
office Certificates should sustain no loss by any depreciation of the 
Bills loan'd subsequent to their respective dates. On the 28tk 
June following they declare that the Principal of ail the Loans that 
have been made shall finally be discharged at the full current value 
a( the bills when loan'd and the interest in the mean time paid on 
the same just principles. 

On the 16th December, 1782, Congress declared, that it is essential 
to the justice and Preservation of .public faith, that whenever a 
nation is obliged by the exigencies of publie a&irs to contract a debt 
proper funds should be estaUished not only for paying the annnal 
Value or Interests of the same, bnt for discharging the principal 
within a reasonable Period. 

It then goes on to encourage the States to exertions of Payment 
by assuring them that whenever the produce of the Revenue ahall 
exceed the Interest, it shall bo applied to sinking the PrincipaL 
But unfortunately no fund has been found by Congress to pay even 
the interest or any part of it from that time to the present. 

In 1783, soother most animated address from Congress in the 
ninth Page of a Pamphlet called an address and Recommendation 
to the States, after enumerating the Classes of public Creditors, 
speaks of those who originally lent their money, those who have pur- 
chased Certificates, and whose Property has been otherwise advanced 
or assumed for public Service, and this is the language of that re- 
spectable Body, a just regard to whose Counsels the Honorable 
Board declare, and we concur in believing is essential to our Happi- 
ness '< To discriminate the merits of these several descriptions of 
'' Creditors would be a task equally unnecessary and invidious, if the 
« voice of humanity pleads more loudly in favor of some than of 
'^ others, the voice of Policy no less than of Justice pleads in fiivor 
" of all — A wise nation will never permit those who relieve the 
** wants of their Country, or who rely most on its faith, its firmness and 
** its resources, when either of them is distrusted, to sufcr by the 
t' event'' la the foltowiBg Parsgffapk of the same address, which 


we earaestly Tecommend to the attention of yonr Excellency and the 
honorable Board, these Sentiments are farther nrged and enforced 
by Oonaiderationa of the most powerful nature aucb as in our opinion 
exollide CTery idea, that the measures of any partionlar State at 
this time of day for the relief of these suffBrers can be dissagreeabla 
to Congress. The State of New Jersey has made a Provision simi- 
lar to oars, except that it rests on Taxation only, while ours has the 
Lands as an auxiliary, and we have never heard their Conduct ob- 
jeoted to as interfering with federal measures or weakening the 

If from defects in the Confederation, or too limited views, some 
States hesitate or fail in Compliance as they have done from year to 
year, shall we bring poverty and Ruin on the Citizens of Pennsyl- 
vania whose Circumstances, the message admits, demand immediate 
attention ? do not these debts make a part of the national debt, and 
if lessened now, will not our future burthen be less. Thus while 
we substantially comply with the Recommendations of Congress, we 
shall p^orm an act of duty^ Justice and Humanity, in relieving our 
suffering fellow Citiiens. 

A Regard to the Constitution, and the confederation, and affection 
to the Common-wealth which seemed to require we should rectify 
many mistakes in fact from which erroneous Consequences have been 
deduced in the message, have oall'd forth this R eply. We do not mean 
to wage a war of messages and addresses which, the experience of for- 
mer times shows, irritate but never convince. The business of Legisla- 
tion neither admits our employing our time or spending public money 
in disputes. If the Engagements of your Excellency and the Hono- 
rable Board leave you at leisure to attend to other Cases than those 
of the Council, we shall always be happy to receive your assistance, 
and advice in the approved and long practised mode of Conference, 
not only as the most Constitutional when there is only a single 
Branch of Legislature, but best adapted for reasoning and conviction 
Peace and Harmony. 

Signed by order of the House. 

JOHN BAYARD, Speaker.* 

Assembly Chamber, Philadelphia, December 24th, 1784. 

Copy op a Letter, John Adams, 1784. 

Auteiul. near Paris. Nov. 8d, 1784. 

Dr. Franklin has lately communicated to Mr. Jefferson and roe, 
a letter he has received from the Gointe de Vergennes, and another 
from Mr. Grand, the first informs that Mr. Marbois had informed 
him, that upon bis application to the superintendant of Finances, he 

* See Col. Reo., Vol. XIY., p. 280„ & answer 328^ 343. 


had reoeived an answer bj Mr. Oovernenr Morris, that letters should 
be written both to Amsterdam and Paris, to provide for the pay- 
ment of the interest of the ten million of liTres borrowed for the 
United States in Holland, by the King, and reminds the American 
Minister that other interest is due, and the first payment of the 
eapital will beeome due next year. Mr. Orands letter informs, that 
he is already about fifty thousand livres in advance for loan office 
oertifioates, Salaries, &ce. ; These letters the Dr. will no doubt transmit 
to Congress and as they relate to matters within his Department ; 
I might have been excused from mentioning them } if the mention of 
Amsterdam had not made it probable, that Mr. Morris had it in 
contemplation to draw upon our Bankers there for money to discharge 
this interest ; and I cannot excuse myself from observing that if 
saoh drmnghts should be made^ I am apprehensive they will be pro- 

France is at present in so much danger of being forced to tako 
part in a War, in the low Countries, that I am not surprized at the 
Gomte de Vergennes' attention to matters of revenue and that I 
cannot see any hope that Doctor Franklin will be able to obtain 
any relief from this Court. 

It will be remembered that there is a debt of near a million 
and an half sterling to France, and another debt of more than half 
a million sterling in Holland, whose interests are constantly accru- 
ing. There are also salaries to Ministers; and there is another call 
for money, which is very pressing. The Commerce of the Medite- 
ranean is of great importance to the United States, and to every 
one of them, hnd this commerce cannot be enjoyed without treaties 
with the Barbarv Powers. It will be not only in vain, but daneerous 
and detrimental to open negotiations with these powers without 
money for the customary presents. How are all these demands for 
money to be satisfied ? If Cash, Bills, or produce can be sent to 
Europe for the purpose, it will be happy for ns. But I suppose that 
no man believes it possible, and therefore we must not only forgo 
great future advantages, but violate contracts already made, and 
Siith already pledged, and thereby totally ruin our credit, if not 
expose the property of our Merchants to be seiied abroad, or we 
must borrow more money in Europe. Now there is no part of Eu- 
rope in which we can expect to borrow, unless it be in Holland, and 
there we may rely upon it all our hopes will fail us, if efiiootual 
measures are not taken to fund onr foreign debt, if adequate funds 
were established for discharging the interest we may hope for fur> 
iher Credit ; without them our circumstances are truly desperate. 
It is not for me to enter into the question, how this is to be done so 
far distant, and so long absent, it would be impossible for me to form 
a Judgment, if the subject were within my province which it is not. 

The ability of our people for this and much greater things cannot 
ba doubted by any Man wko knows any thing of their affiursi and 


it k ft pitj that tDj qvesHoiM about the made sbotild retard this 
most neeefltary proTision for the ezistenoe of our Credit abroad. 

I have this neraeiit a letter from our bankers at AmsterdaB, 
dated the 28th of Oet in whieh thej inform me that they have not 
reeeived the ratifioation of mj last Loan, perhaps it did not arrive 
till after the reoess of Ooogresa. I mnst earnestly request thai 
Congress would dispatch it as early as poasible after their meeting, 
baoause the delay of it msy excite an alarmy and dash all our hopes 
at ooee. The hslf million sterling which we have obtained in Hol- 
land has been all transmitted to America in Dollars by the way of 
Havannah, or paid in redeeming Bills of Exchange, sold in America 
for very advantageous premiums ; none of it has been laid out in 
goods, and therefera every other oonsideratioB calls upon ua to be 
punctual as well as our honor, which alone, ought to be anfficient 



1785, reed. Jan'y Slst. Copy of a Letter from Honble John 
Adams, Esquire, dated near Paris, November 8d, 1784. Entered. 


Benjamin Franklin k Thomas Jefferson, 1784. 

Ezkact of a Letter from the Honble John Adams, Benjamin 
Franklin & Thomas Jefferson, dated at Paris, 11th November, 

^ A Letter received from the Count de Yergennes, & another 
from Mons'r Grand to Doctor Franklin, of which No. 21 & 22 are 
Copies, give us reason to apprehend, an uneasiness in this Court lest 
we dionld fiiil not only in the punctual payment of the interest on 
their particular Loans, but should permit the payment on the Dutch 
Loan, which this Court guaranteed^ to &11 in the first instance upon 
them. This circumstanoe under the present probability of a war 
in Europe might be really inoonvenieat to them and give unfavor- 
able ideas of tho sense we entertain of their past favours. Coni- 
gress will know whether measures have been tsken to make timely 
payments here, and they can best judge of what exertions the States 
are ospahle for reducing their foreign debt, even faster than their 
atipulations require. A hearty dispositi<« in the people goes far 
towards making them equal to whatever it is d&eir duty and interest 
to do ; and we cannot help supposing that if our oountrymen would 
boldly look that part of their foreign debt in the face, which 
they have a right to discharge, if they would view it and view 


themselvesi they would find thej coold maater it, perittps with a . 
BiDgle effort ; of this we can asaare them that nothing woald pro- 
dooe anoh a revolution in the opinion entertained in Europe of their 
powen, of their justioe A of the tone of their government. If a 
reputation for equity and gratitude, if a demonstration of our re- 
90UTces and of our resolution, if the subjection of the riches of 
Europe to our wishes on any future emergency may be bought at 
half a Guinea a head cannot our countrymen be roused to make the 
purchase? Add to this that it would command for us a respect 
which might save us in the end, millions of money, and torrents of 
blood. Congress we hope will pardon us these reflections. We are 
on a field were every eiroumstance tends to produce them. Our in- 

5trnctJoD8 as to a gratification and indemnification to John Baptist 
i^equet has not yet been complied with; Mr. Grand's Letter will 
assign the reason. 

Tne honor of our own country as well as our own feelings wiU not 
permit us to pass unnoticed, that we are now depending for daily 
flubslstance on the bounty of a subject of this Kingdom : A bounty 
which he tells us in his Letter, ^'qu'il sera fbrc6 mettre oes bomeSi'' 
^e will be forced to set bonds.) Wo trust thait Congress will be 
$0 good as to order us effectual and instantaneous relief from this 

1785, reed. Jan'y 81st. Extract of a Letter from Honble John 
Adams, Benjamin Franklin ft Thomas Jeffierson, dated at Paris^ 
November 11th, 1784. 



Rbtttrn of Dsbbrtbbs from a Dbtachhsnt 

BetarDB of Deserters, with their desoriptioo, &e. who deserted from 
ihe Oloaths, Arms^ &O9 which thej have received, likewise their |mij 

Camp on the Indian 

Inlisted. 1 

' shore west side of 

Place bom 
or resided. 

or Occn> 


Allisany Biver, 
December let, 1784. 





From Cap. Douglass 

Co. of Artillery. 


James Morton, 








John Monngstam, 








Thomas Smith, 








John Hancock, 
From Cap. Finnej's 
Co. Infantry. 








John Coleman, 

derm any, 




Stone Ct, 



Jos. Bottomley, 








Thomas Delap, 







Patrick Fowler, 








Jno. Leard, 








Adam Myre, 








Conrad Huffner, 








John Kidd, 








Thomas Atkinson, 








Edw. McCarday, 








Jno Dannivan, 








Osbarn Pearson, 








James Davidson, 








Thomas Service, 








Jno. Sutherland, 





Bl'k S-"»,;3l 


Jno. Kerney, 





Weaver, i35 


Philip McDonald, 








Thomas Everly, 








Thomas Howell, 








Samuel Moor, 







25, Patrick O'llaro, 








William Smith, 








James Melvln, 








John Eir, 








Da'l M'MuUan, 







The columns containinfic a detailed description, and the cloatbing and arms, 
arc not printed, although in the original. 


OF THs IsT Ambricak Beqimbnt, 1785. 

a detachment of the 1st American Begiment, with an Inventory of 
as soldien in the Ist A* R'**, com' by Jos. Harmar, E*«, L< O' 6«". 

Camp on the Indian 


shore west side of 

Place born 
or resided. 

or Ocou- 

Alligany River. 
December Ist, 1784. 




. pation. 

From Gap. Zeiglars 

Go. Infantry. 


Jno. Hendrioksonj 







Andrew Soott, 






William Qriffey, 


26 do 





Robert Gamett^ 


24 Aug., 





Jno. Johnston, 


6 Sept'r, 





Francis Johnston, 


23 Aug., 





John Davidson, 


10 Sept'r, 





Casper Morrits, 


7 Oct., 





Albert LegraQd, 







Mathias Qoltier, 






Francis Usman, 


1 do 





Carl Reynard, 


27 Aug., 




George Clark, 


27 do 





James Coleman, 


29 do 





Jno. Stephenqfn, 


BO do 





Nicholas Laplain, 







Frederick Miller, 






William Justice, 


20 do 





Patrick Turner, 
From Cap. McCur- 
day's Comp'y. 


U do 





Edward Gaffoey, 

Ireland, [1 
Scotland, 1 

n Aug., 





Thomas Grimes, 

16 Sepf r. 





John Smith, 

Penn'a, ] 

18 Aug, 





John Sides, 

do i 

56 Sept'r, 
3 do 





David Brown, 






Edw'd Leonard, 

N. Yoik, 1 

SO Aug., 




55 Jno. Bead, 

Jersey, |! 

SI do 




56, Dennis Camej, 

Ireland, ] 

12 Sept'r, 
16 do 




57|Jno. Snyder, 

Penn'a, i 




58.Jno. McLaughlin; 

Ireland, ] 

9 Aug., 




59 Jno. Burns, do [i 

!8 do 

do ] 

Parmer, 27 


Benry Tatterson, |< 

Jersey, iJ 

!1 do 

do 1 

ffaylor, ! 


No 88 and No. 39, Albert Legraod an4 Mathias Qoltier, are two French 
)f em, who hsTO dssertef from this place and gone down the riTer to the 
"IllinAils Country* 

JOS. HABMAR,Lt. Col. Com. Ist Am. Reg^t 






1 S^ »'- 

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3^ a a 
H .g cj "^ H 

at? 8 

'ggj^^"^ liS' 



'^QtAJO^ ^^l^H 

■laaRqti i^aig 

')uaea4<i ^otg 





1 laixtf J^J<'ti5 



■jo^giryy jlb J 

-istCTy^f .la]^ 





pmo^ 10^ IT 

ia eo ^ 
to cp CO 

t3 " 

£3 a ► '^ 


CO ^ tD 

^ CO <-< 
'«*' kO O 

CO -^Ot 

f-t I 1F-t 

S 5 * S S 

■a ^^ _ V p '-I 

c 3 ^ * * "S J 

_*« Q 2 1 

TJ > 


01 g^ia^AV 




mJ ^na I ^ 

*8j?iiiinf) [ 


'S]«jodjo;> I 



I gl.fjaR ' 




ei fl [2 

•3 "5 3 ^ 

CU £)m <^ 



.g « 

5 >» 

B* & 


Col. Josiah Harmab to Pres. Dickinson, 1784. 

Gamp near Fort Pitt, on the Indian Sbore, the Western side of 

the Allegany river, December 5tb, 1784. 

I have the honor to inform yonr Excellency & the Honourable 
Council of the arrival of the first Detachment of Pennsylvania 
Troope, composed of Captain Douglass's company of artillery, & 
Captain Finney's company of Infantry at this place on the 18tb, 
Ootober last. 

The second Detachment composed of Captain Zeiglers's & Captain 
McCurdy's companies of Infantry arrived here on the 29th of the 
same month. 

We have remained in this position till this day, in hourly expec- 
tation of the Commissioners ; they are just arrived, and upon a Con- 
sultation, considering the advanced Season of the year, the difficulty 
of stipplieis, Expence of Transportation, &o., to Cayahoga ; they have 
resolved to hold the Treaty at Fort Mcintosh, thirty mOes distant 
from Fort Pitt, down the Ohio river. 

In Consequence of their resolve, the Troops marched this morning 
from this Kncampment for Fort Mcintosh, the Tents baggage &c., 
are to go by water. Mr. Alexander Lowrey messenger to the Com- 
missioners was dispatched this day to Cayahoga, with an Invitation 
to the Indians to assemble at Fort Mcintosh. 

The Fort is in very bad order, & will require considerable repairs 
before the Troops can have comfortable winter quarters. 

Inclosed, your Excellenoy & the Honourable Council, will be 
pleased to receive a return of the Pennsylvania Troops, likewise a 
List of all Deserters with their descriptions since the corps was 
raised. Lieut. Herbert, I have ordered twpended in hts command 
& have written this day to the Secretary in the War Office for orders 
in his ease, as a General Court Martial cannot be convened for his 

The List of Deserters is indeed very considerable owing to the 
extreme hurry in raising the corps ; I apprehend the chief part of 
these Villains must be lurking about the City of Philadelphia, as 
most all of them had attachments there. I have suggested to tho 
Secretary in the War office, that perhaps it might be adviseablo to 
advertize & offer pardon to them, provided they delivered themselves 
up in a limited time ; your Excellency will please to observe that 
my Total at present is only 231 including Non-Comd. offrs. & music 
consequently 29 are wanting to complete ; my sole dependance is. 


upon apprebending the deserters, in order to have my full eomple- 
ment of men. 

I have the honor to be, 

with the highest Esteem ft respect, 

Yoar ExooUeacy's ft the Honble. Oonncils, 
most obedt. Servt. 

L(« CoL oomd. 1st Am. Begt 

His Ezcy. John Dickinson, Esq/ft The Honble. The Svpreme 
Bzeoative ConnciL 

Edw. Crawpobd, Jr., to Prks. Dickinson, 1784. 

Dear Sir, 

I beg leave to inform yon that there has never been any marriage 
orTavem license Received in Franklin Connty as yet, there has 
been several applications and I think if there wore a few of each 
ordered something might be saved to the Commonwealth. 

The bearer Colo. Cook will be so good as to forward them if yon 
should send any. 

I am Dr. Sir, 

your most obdt. and very Homble Servt. 

Franklin County, 24 Deer., 1784. 

(Public Service.) 

John Armstrong, Jun., Secretary to the Executive Council of 
Penna., Philadelphia* 


05 "d 




^ I Lieuten^nta. 

MM j Borjeanta. 

^ I (kitporiLlg. 

% " 

tjg J >i«trM5«i. 

Total IncFiid' 
ing KoD-Com. 

Wftut to camplete. 




00 ^ 

S O 


•--•-II ? 


t- • 




ea S M 

Toia[ Includ 
ing Non Com 

O^cen and 



I Strjeanta. 

^ i X> T*T B kTn'tB, 

.^iS [ ^nk & File. 
^7^5^ ^ 






I 8 

' t 








I " 

n M 

I i 

1 9* 


Wm. Attleb to Pres. Dickinson, 1785, 

Lanctstcr, ye 3rd January, 1785. 

I was yesterday honoured with your Letter of the 17th of laai 
nontfay meDtiouing that the original minute of my appointment as 
Deputy Commissary Gcnl. of Muaters for Lancaster County cannot 
be found and requesting that a Copy of it may be transmitted to 

At the time of my resignation of that appointment I handed the 
Orig^l to Council with whom it remained, & as I did not keep » 
Copy of it, cannot have the honour of complying witlr the wish of 
Council by transmitting it. Upon examining the Copies of muster 
Bolls in my possession, the earliest date I find is the 12th of August 
1776, when I mustered aome of the first Company's of ye Militia 
who marched to Jersey from this County (tho' we had Guards on 
duty over the Prisoners of War taken at ct. John &c., for a con- 
siderable time beyond that)— it was sometime after that when I 
received the regular appointment as Depy. Comy. Genl. of muster 
for Lancaster County, the date of which i cannot ascertain, & it was 
I think, in February 1778 that I resigned the appointment to his 
Excellency President Wharton & the flonble. Council then at Lan- 
easter from a pursuasion that there was an impropriety in my holding 
that appointment under the State, after taking the oaths as one of 
the Justices of the supreme Court. 

I should gladly have complied with the commands of Council was 
it in my power. 

& am, Sir, 
with sentiments of respect, 

your most obed. Servt. 


John Armstrong, junr.j Esquire, Secretary of the Supreme Exe- 
cutive Council, Philadelphia. 

Col. Joseph Harmar to Pres. Dickinson, 1785. 

Fort Mcintosh, January 15th, 1755. 

I had the honor of addressing your Excellency and the Honorable 
Council on the 5th ult*, inclosing a return of the Pennsylvania 
Troops in the service of the United States, dated the 1st December 

* See page, 890. 


Inolofled your ExeellcDcj will be pleased to reoeiye another 
Monthly retarn of the Troops, dated the Ist insi. 

The whole corps have been on constant fatigue since their arrival 
here, in repairing the fort, and fitting np rooms, Stores, &c., for aceom- 
modating the Continental and State Commissioners; whieb has in- 
jured the dothing much. 

A few days since, the Treaty eommenced, and I believe will be 
aatisfactorily concluded against the latter end of this month ; altho' 
the Chiefs of the Wyondof^^ Chtppaway*$ Delaware's & Otavjay's^ 
which are the Nations that are assembled here,) in a speech they 
delivered at the Council fire yesterday, held out an Idea to the 
Continental Commissioners, that they still looked upon the Lands 
whioh the United Stotes held by the Treaty with Great Britoin, as 
their own ; but the Commissioners have answered them in a high 
tone; the Purport of which was, that as they had adhered during 
the war to the Kins of Great Britain, they were considered by us 
as a conquered people, and had therefore nothing to expect from the 
United States, but must depend altogether upon their Lenity and 
Generosity. This spirited answer it is supposed will have Jtiie 
Desired Effeot. 

The State Commissioocrs I believe will not have the least diffi* 
culty in transacting their business, which lays with the Wyondot 
& Delaware Nations. 

I have the honor to be, 

frith the greatest Esteem 
& respect, your Excellency's 
& The Honorable Council's 
most hble. k obdt. Servt., 

Lt. Col. Com. 1st Am* Regt 

His Exoelleney, John Dickinson, Esq., President, k The Hoiior- 
ftble The Supreme Executive CouneiL 

Indian Comm'rs to Pbes. Dickinson, 1785. 

Fort Mcintosh, Jan'y 16, 1785. 

Opportunities to Philadelphia very seldom offer, and indeed the 
present is an uncertain one, we therefore hope this will apologiie for 
our communioatipns not being more frequent. 

We now have the honor of informing your Excellency that our 
business wears a very promising aspect. The Wiandotts and the 
several Tribes of the Delaware Nation with whom alone we are to 
negociate, (for the Shawanese have no claim,) have agreed to our 
profieBala^ and as soon as peaoe shall be eaUUiahedi whioh we doubt 

* See pag^ W8. 


fUitf Ae GoQiiBeiiUl ComBiisaionen will eff«et in a few days, we 
shall have our Deed ezeoated in doe legal fbra for the nnparehatetf 
Linda within the aoknowledged limits of PenDSylyania.* 

jQesiromi oi retoraiag to Philadelphia to make a final Report of 
4N|riN:oq0ffU9g9 to jour Exoelleaoy aiiji the Honorable Cooncili ve 
shall use all possible diligence in bringing «ar negooiationa to # 
OIO10. We have the Honor to be, 

yeor Ej^oellenoy's most cibedient 

and Ter J humble aervantSy 

Dire^tedf — PnUio Service. . ' 1 

Hia Bxcelleneji John Dickinson, EsV-i Fireaident In Gonnoil, 

Thos. McKiban to Prks, Dickinsoit, 1T85. 

Philadelphia, January 17th, 1785. 
Sir, . 

A certain Abraham Bare & son of John Bare, a worthy oitiien 
of Lancaster county, about the month of January, 1778, being then 
a very young man, was seduced by a trutor to assist him in convey- 
ing several Hessian prisoners of war from Lancaster to this City, 
and for reward delivering them up to Oeneral Sir William Howe. 
As soon as this traffiok was disoovored. Judge Atlee issued bis 
warrant to apprehend them, but they fled, and took refuge with the 
British army. However a abort time previous to their evacuation 
of the city, iBare left thom, was attainted of treason by a proclama- 
tion of the Supreme Executive Council, and his estate was sold by 
the Agents for forfeited estatea } since this he has lurked in secret 
places in the back counties, in constant dread of the hand of justice. 
Judge Atlee has lately informed me that ha is fully satisfied, this 
man has become a sincere penitent In consideration of which, he 
joins with me in recommending him as an object worthy of the 
humanity and mercy of Your Excellency apd the Council, and in 
interceding for a pardon for his person, ''that he may- live and not 
die.'' I have the honor to be, 

with the most perfect 
Esteem, Sir, Your 
Excellence's most 
obedient and very 
humMe^ servant, 
Direefe^, • THOS. McKEAN.f 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esqture, President, &c., of 

* This deed wa^ signed Januarv 21, 1785; see this and all other 
doenments relatiag to tide parehase la the Joamahi of Assembly^ Fehrvaryi 
—April, 1786. Mote to Smith's JUws, Vol. U., p. 128. 

t See Col. Rec., Vol- XIV., p. 818. 


Pres. Dickinson to Deleqates in Congress, 1785. 

In CoiiDei]. January 18th. 1785. 
Sir, • 

We have received yonr J^ettor of the 14tb, ft are very mnch 
obliged to you for the Intelligence cooveyed in it, & for the attention 
you have had to the Interest of your Native Land. 

We have desired Mr. Henry fully to communioate to you, the 
Information we have given him upon the subject ; and we hope they 
are such as will afford you great satisfaction, and convince you that 
Pennsylvania has been more offended against than offending in this 
troublesome Buunesa. With sincere wishes for your Happiness^ and 
with high Esteem, 

I am sir, your 

most obedient & 

most humble servant, 

Directed J 

The Honorable Hugh Williams, Esquire, Delegate in Congress 
fiom the State of North Carolina, New x ork. 

pRES. Dickinson to Pres. of Congress, 1785. 

In Council, January 18th, 1785. 

On the 20th of last Month, we had the honor of addressing a 
Letter to yon enclosing copies of • Law of this State, entitled << An 
Act to carry into immediate Effect the Resolutions of the United 
States in Congress assembled for adjusting the claims of individuala 
of this Commonwealth against the said United States,'^ k of Reso- 
lutions of the General Assembly upon the same subject. 

We requested an early determination of Congress upon the Bnsi* 
ness ; and while we trust that Congress will do justice to the re- 
spectful deference for them, which induces us earnestly to wish that 
they may appoint the additional Commissioners, we also confide that 
they will consider the situation in which we are plaoed by delaying 
the execution of a Law, k will therefore think our Conduct very proper 
in repeating our Request. 

We were informed last Saturday, that application baa been made to 
Congress on behalf of Claimcra of Lands within this State, — the 
Jurisdiction over which was lately claimed by the State of Conneo- 

* Respecting Letter from Governor Conn., to Congress Dec., 24, 1784 ; & 
resolutions of Assembly. Complaints of Persons by settlers, see H. W's 
letter in Letter Book, VoL L, p. 287 ; and see Col. Reo. XIV., p. 817. 


tienty for a Goori to be appolDted to try tbeir priYate Right of 

The Recess of the Oeneral Assembly at this time who cannot 
m^t ((ill the first of next month, and several other circumstances 
will pnt it out of *bar power to have this matter bronght before 
Congress in a propeir manner sooner than about the middle of 
February. Wa therefore hope that no Measures wiU be adopted in 
this important affair, until! this Commonwealth is prepared to oflbr 
her Representations to Congress upon it 

Xam with g^At esteem, 8k» 
your Exoelleney's most 

obedient humble Senrt, 


His Excellency, The President of Congressi 

Pass. Dickiksok to Dblbgates m Conqbess, 1785. 

In Council, January ISlh, 1785. 

On the 20th of last month* we wrote to you eoneeniing the late 
Act k Resolution of Assembly for adjusting claims of Individuals 
against the United States, earnestly requesting your exertions, to 
obtain, an appointment of thq a^dttioqal CommissionerH by Con- 
gress, as the Assembly is soon to meet, k the pressure of affairs calls 
for a fj^ij Peeiaion of the Business, we now think it our Duty to 
repeat our Request, assuring you, that the Decbion cannot be 
delayed without my disagreeable consequences. 

We BOW inclose scTeral papers relating to the Claims and Conduct 
ef the pasBons pretending Right to the I^nds at & near to Wyoming, 
k Uie prooeedings of this State thereon, being informed that appli* 
oation haa been made to Congress for a Court to be appointed uoder 
the ninth article of the Oonfedefationi to try the private Right of 

The late Assembly was of opimon, that those persons were not 
entitled to such a Court; and therefore it seems proper, that the 
ai^intment in this ease should be oootested. Two Gentlemen of 
the Law Messrs. Wilson k Bradford were employed as agents among 
other thbgs, to dispute that point They repaired to Annapolis, £ 
appeared there on the 28th of last June, sceording to the preceding 
Resolutions of Congress ; but no person was there to Act on Behalf 
of Connecticut or the Ciaiownts. It is impossible in any very short 
time to -send those gentlemen to New York properly prepared. Re* 
spect fpr the General Assembly dictates that their Sentiments on this 
very important Business should be known and regarded; and we arq 

* See page Sea. 


penaadedi that this State cannot fnlly offer Bepresmitations even 
againit the appointment of the Court nntill about the Middle of 
next month. 

We relj on joar prodenee to make the best nse of the intelligence 
now communicated to jou. The first point, is to prevent anj 
step being taken by Congress in the matter, nntiU the sentiments 
of the Legislative branch can be known. If this delay cannot be 
obtained,, we desire yon to give ns the earliest notice of the Day 
fixed by Congress for appointing a Oonrt, that we may prevail npon 
Messrs. Wilson & Bradford, if it be possible for them to attend. 

Duty to ourselves requires us to shew and candour will induce 
even the State of Connecticut to acknowledge, that tho^ several 
violent and outrageous acts have been committed by individuals of 
Ibis State ; yet that such acts were not more opposed to Justice and 
humanity than to the spirit and meaning of the Authority and Laws 
of this Commonwealth. 

The inclosed paper will shew the uniform Lenity of this Gk)vem- 
aient and in many instances their extreme anxiety to bring the 
Connecticut Claimants into an aflfoctionate confidence upon its dis- 
positions and its laws. 

It is much to be regretted that these endeavours have been so 
vniformily treated with insolence and neglect by the People, they 
were intended to relieve and attach, and that we should have it in 
oar power to oppose so many facts authenticated in the most solemn 
manner, to their feeble unsupported professions of Loyalty and 

A late outrage mentioned in the deposition inclosed from which 
it appears that they have plundered Men, Women And Children, 
indiscriminately and obliged near 600 people to fly from their homes 
and seek a precarious subsistence in the Neighbouring Counties, is so 
alarming and unaccountable in its nature as to induce a belief in 
this Board that the system of Lenity which they have hitherto pur- 
sued, b no longer calculated to promote either the honor or happi- 
ness of Pennsylvania. 

I am; Gentlemen, with great Regard. 

Tours obedient and very humble servant| 


To the Honble the Delegates of Pennsylvania in Congress. 

Pbes. Dickinson to Jaueb Wilson, 1786. 

In Council, January 20th, 1785. 

As you have been appelated one of the agents for managing the 
Dispute oonoeming the private {Ught of seal to the Idmda on the 

* See list of documents, &o., sent CoL Bee., Vol. ZI?, pp. S1&-821. 


Siuqaehannth, the Jurisdiction over which was lately io Controveraj 
between this State & the State of ConDectient, we think it proper to 
inform you, that application has been made to Congress since their 
adjournment to New York, for the appointment of a Court under 
thei ninth article of the confederation, to try the said Right. 

Understanding that you propose to be at New York in the course 
of the next week. We desire, that you will employ all the Means 
in yonr Power, to prevent any step being taken in the Business, 
Qntill the general assembly meet on the first of next month, and 
they can be consulted upon it. 

The Delegates of this State will give you all the Intelligence on 
the aubjeot, whioh we have communicated to them ; but it will 
require oonsidcrable time to collect Documents, & have them Copied, 
in order to be fully prepared to make proper Representations in 
Behalf of this Commonwealth. 

The late assembly were dearly of opinion, that the Claimants 
were not entitled to sueh a Court as has been mentioned, & we 
apprehend, no appointment ought to be made, nor any Decision 
given upon the QuesUon of Bight, till the sense of the present 
assembly can be known, & they can be heard, if they judge it 
advisable to oontrovert the propriety of an appointment. 

As several Communioations have been made by us to you some time 
ago upon this affair, we do not doubt but you will make the best use 
of them & of those yon may receive from the Delegates for main- 
taining the Honor & Interests of the State. 
I am with great Respect, 

Sir; your most obe'dt H'ble ServS 


To James WilsoUi Esquire. 

Managers op the State Lottery to <!ouncil, 1785. 

To the Honorable the Supreme Executive Council, The Managers of 

the State Lottery, 
Most respectfully represent, 

That they have taken all possiblo means to avail themselves of 
the late encouragement given by the Assembly for promoting the 
sale of tickets in the said Lottery ; all which hitherto have, and as 
the managers believe, will prove abortive, unless a day is fixed when 
the drawing shall absolutely commence. 

That they are induced to be of this opinion by the repeated appli- 
cations made for information on that subject, and the almost daily 
declarations 6f numbers who incline to become adventurers, that 
they will not purchase tickets until it shall be known when the 
drawing will begin. 


Tbe managere therefore beg leaVe to prepose to the Honorable 
Oooneil, that Monday, the leoond day of May next, be fixed for the 
oammenoement of the drawing of the first class. 


B. FULLER, ^ Managers. 


Btate Lottery Office, January 26, 1785.* 

Hoir. John Jay Seo'y of Forbign afvaibs to P&es. 
Dickinson, 1785. 

Office for foreign Affairs, 

New York, Jan'y 29th, 1786. 

I have the Honour of transmitting to your ExoelFy official 
Extracts from the Journals of Congress of the sixenth 4]ay of May, 
and of twenty-first day of Dec last. The first certifies my appoint- 
anent to be '< Secretary of the United States of America for the 
Department of foreign Affairs'' and the second my having accepted 
that Place and taken the oath of Offioe. The lattei* happened only 
two days before the adjournment of Congress from Trenton to meet 
at this Place on the 11th Instant. 

The Removal of the office from there here, and the time neces- 
sarily employed in preparing accommodations for it, and putting 
things in order for Business, delayed its being opened before yester- 
day, and will account for my not having sooner requested the Honor 
of Toiur Correspondence. 

Permit me to observe. Sir, that it is part of my duty ''to corres- 
'' pond with the Governors or Presidents of all or any of the United 
^ States, affording them such information from his Department as 
'< may be useful to their States or to the United States, stating 
'' Complaints that may have been urged against the Government of 
'' any of the said States or the Subjects thereof by the Subjects of 
^ foreign Powers, so that justice may be done agreeably to the Laws 
^ of sooh State or the charge proved to. be gronndieas, and the Honor 
^ of tbe Government vindicated.'' 

• It will be unnecessary to remark to your ExeelFy the ininenoe 
if oar domestio affaire on our foreign, their intimate connexion 
with each other, and how necessary it is that they who aie ^onoemed 
in conducting the latter should be accurately informed of the State 
of the former. 

These Considerations lead me to request the favor of your Excel- 
lency to afford me from time to time such Intelligence on this Head 

* See CoL Reo., Vol. XIV., p. 824, 


•• JOQ nuty deem important and particnkrlj that yon woald be so 
obliging aa to send me a eopj of the Lawa of yoar State now ia 
force, and also oopiea of ancfa aa may from time to time be paased.* 
Gaaes may.bappen in which a reference to these Laws will be 
indispensable, and for that and other Reasons I am anxious that the 
Office for foreign affidra should faava a compleat Collection of them. 
Whatever Ezpenoe may be occasioned by it, shall be immediately 
paid out of the monies proTided for the contingent Ezpences of the 

Your Ezcelleney may rely on my punctuality in communicating 
to yon whatever nttelligenoe my Department may afford that may 
be useful for you to know. 

I have the Honor to be 
yout Excellency's 

Most Obd* & very H'ble Serv*, 


To His Ef oeUenqr The President of the State of Pennsylvania. 

37 At Unite! Statea ib «aiigreflB Aasembled. 

May 7th 1784. 
Congress proceeded to the eleotion of a Secretary for foreign aflkirs, 
and being this Day informed by a letter of the 9th of March hist 
firom Doot'r Franklin that Mr. J. Jay propoecd to embark for 
America in the month of April, and this informatioD corre8pondiD£ 
with the Intelligence communicated to Congress by Mr. Jay himself 
in his letters of laat year, Mr. Jay was pat in nomination; and the 
Ballots being taken : 

Mr. John Jay was elected Secretary for foreign afiairs, having 
been previously nominated by ^Ix, Gerry. 

€HA. THOMSON, Scc'y. 

I do fiirther oertify thai the said John Jay, ee^uire, having on the 
filst day of Deoember, 1781, taken the oath of fidelity & oath of 
Office befor the hon'ble Isaac Smitb, one of the Jnaticee of the 
SnpremeOoiirt of the state of Neir JMey, a certificate of the same is 
lodged in the office of the Seeretafy' of the. United States in Congreaa 



* Bee CoL Beo., ToL XIV., p. 856. 








i^ \ t^ \ Captain. 

^ I Lieo tea taut. 

go [ BerjenQta. 

f I Corpgr^te. 

I Matro^os. 




Total includ- 
itig KoQ^Coin. 
[OflQceTA] And 



« ^ 5 ^ A JL D 

^ 5 "5 f 

^ p » 

^ <« 'T^ 

r r f* 

^ « or 



r? ^ 





Qa'r. MasVr. 

Pay M&ster. 


M I Hftt«. 

^ I Q>, Mr. iSeij. ^ 



Dr^ & Fifra 
Present Stfor 


Sick preavnt 

Sick ftbsent. 


On Eitr. Ser. 
Total indinA, 
ii]g Non-Com. 
Ofiicera & 


^ I ^1 Dr'TB & Fift^. 

t^^^ I Rifik k File, 




Field Officers elected for Northumderland County, 


Bcturn of the Field Officers Elected for Northumberland County, 
Militia; with their Kuuk of Butt>. 

- T^ jj, ( Peter Hostcrman, Lieu* Col., 
1 15att I (Christopher Getting, Major. 

' James Morrow, Lieu* Col., 

James McMaughin, Major. 

Wyoming district, no election held on 

Account of the disturbances at that place. 
I William Hempbum, L* Col., 
' John Chattam, Major. 

John Kelly, Lieu* Col., 
' Thomas Foster, Major. 

I do hereby certifio the above account to be just, 

W- WILSON, Lieut 

CommiBsiona made out according to the foregoing Return, dated 
!•* of May, 1783. [?] 

Brigadier General John Armstrong. 

David Mead to Council, 1785. 

Wioming, February 6**, 1786. 
Gentlemen : 

I lament that I have occasion to address you on the affi&ir of this 
unhappy part of the State. I have delayed writing until all hopes 
of establishing any kind of order is vanished — it is true that irregu- 
larities have been committed by many of the Pennsylvanians against 
the Connecticut Claimants, but great Care has been taken that the 
Offenders are generally prosecuted with severity, and the Courts of 
Justice are yet open — And unwearied pains have been taken tocon- 
Tince those Claimants of the determined Honor and Justice of the 
State to afford them every restitution in the reach of the Law — But all 
to no purpose — who have descended to commit almost every kind of 
disorder, and bid defiance to Government, so that the exercise of the- 
Civil authority is altogether impracticable ; they have app* two oi^ 
three Committees to transact different kinds of business for the pro- 
motion of their designs ; they have formed their Militia, appointed 
Field and other Officers in contempt of the state — many inoflfcndve 
families are now under orders immediately to move away, or their. 
effects to be made a Reprisal of. Therefore, as a Citizen and Servant 


of Government, I am obliged to claim your protection and support, 
and am, in the mean time, Gentlemen^ 

with the greatest Kespect, 

Your most humble Servant, 


N. B. — ^The inclosed deposition of the Shawnese Township Con- 
stable,'*' who was Elected by the Inhabitants of said Township, in 
consequence of an order issued by M' Martin and myself, which was 
roost likely to take with the People, and remove doubts than other- 
wise; so that every Endeavour seems fruitless — the constable of 
Stoke Township is now out of the place, who made report some days 
ago nearly corroborating with this deposition, but not taken in form, 
therefore Omitted. However, the Express can give some Information, 
who is a Gentleman of Candor and deliberation. D. M.f 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq., president 

Wm. IIenry and Joseph Gardner to Pees. Dickinson, 



New York, Feb'' 7% 1785. 

The Wioming dispute rests at present, and we hope will do so for 
some time — ^we have seen M' Wilson and rec' by him some additional 
papers to those brought on by M' Hervy, relating to that unhappy 

The Report of a'Committee upon your Ezc'ys letter, with y* 
inclosures, relative to the appointment of additional Comm'* for 
settling & adjusting the ace*' of the Citizens of Penn* against the 
United States, remains undetermined until a report is brought in to 
prevent frauds supposed to be practised by some persons having un- 
settled acc^, and stated to Congress by Mr. Denning, Comm' in this 
state, which we hope will be made to morrow. 

The first report, as brought in, and which we have reason to believe 
will pass, comes up fuUy to the Idea of the Legislature as expressed 
in the act, and we hope they will see the propriety of a further sus- 
pension of the operation of that Law rather than ^ffer the state to 
be reproached with an unfoederal measure, especially as the objects 
of it ean saflfer very little by a delay of a week or 10 days, and per- 
haps not half that time. 

We are| with due respeoti 

Your Exc'ys very humble serv'", 


His Eze'y the President of Pena*. 

* Not found. t 8«o CoL Rcc, Vol. XIV., p. 358. 

Vol. X.— 18 


Col. Jos. Harmar to Pres. Dickinson, 1785. 

Fort Mcintosh, February 8tb, 1785. 

I had the honor of addressing yonr Excellency & the HonoraUi 
Council on the 15th ult, inclosing a return of the PennBylvaiiii 
troops in the Seryice of the United States, dated the 1*^ ult*. 

Inclosed, your Excellency will be pleased to receiye anothei 
monthly return of the Troops, dated the 1"^ instant. 

The honorable the State Commissioners, Colonel Atlee & Colonel 
Johnston, by this time, I imagine, must have arrived at Philadelphia^ 
by whom your Exc'y & the Honorable Council will hear of the 
Satisfactory Conclusion of the Treaty with the Indians at this post. 
This Garrison is at length, by hard faUgue of the troops, put in 
tolerable order. I bog Leave to observe to your Excellency & the 
Honorable Council, that unless some person is directed to remain 
here, that immediately upon my marching from hence, it will be 
demolished by the Emigrators to Kentucky. 

Previous to our arrival, they had destroyed the gates, drawn all 
the Nails from the roofs, taken off all the boards, & plundered it 
of every Article. 

I would therefore recommend (for the benefit of the State) to youi 
Excellency & the Honorable Couuoil, to adopt some mode for iti 
preservation, otherwise immediately upon our leaving it, it will agaii 
go to ruin. 

I have the honor to be, 

with the highest esteem & respect. 

Your Excellency's & The Honorable 

Council's most hble. & obedt. Serv', 
L* Col. Com* 1-* Am- Reg*.* 

His Excellency John Dickinson, Esq., President, & the Honora- 
ble The Supremo Executive Council, Pennsylvania. 
Honor'd ^ Capt. E. Butler. 

Skor'y Armstrong to Committee of Merchants, 1785. 

SecreUry's office, 10th Feb^ 1785. 

In answer to your memorial of the Instant, I have the 
directions of ( 'Ounoil to inform you, that they are entirely persuaded 
of the many Advantages which ^would follow the construction of a 

* Sco Col. Rec, Vol. XIV., pp. 356, 878. 


number of now piers in the river Delaware & that under the influenee 
of this persuasion they had some time before the date of your 
memorial consulted the Wardens of the port upon the subjeoti and 
left to their consideration & reply the following Questions, vis. : In 
what places the piers were to be fixed. The number proposed. 
How man^ ships each were intended to protect, & the Expence, as 
nearly as it eould be estimated. Theso were points which Council 
wished to have determined before they ventured upon the expenditure 
of the publio money. 

I am Gentlemen, 

w^ the greatest respect, 
your most obed serv't. 

SECR'r Armstrong to John Jay, Secr'y &c., 1785. 

Secretary's office, Philad*, 10th Feb'y, 1785. 

Agreeably to a late order of the Supreme Executive Council,* I 
have the honor to transmit to your office a copy of all the laws made 
by the Gen. Assembly, of the commonwealth since the revolution : 
and am, Sir, 

With the highest respect, 

Your most obedient, 

ft very humble servani 

JN- ARMSTRONG, Jr., Secr'y. 

The Honorable John Jay, ESsqr. Secretary of Foreign affiiirs, 
New York. 

Fre6. Dickinson to Speaeeb of Assembly, 1785. 

Philadelphia, February 11% 1785. , 

I beg leave to remind you of the subjeota we conversed upon last 
night, the appointment of Delegates and the Determination of the 
Auembly respecting the Disposal of the old Prison, workhouse k 

It is the wish of Council, that the House would revise the aet 
passed in 1705 for bailing of Prisoners & as the allowanoe for priao- 
ners therein mentioned still continues, & from the increased Pnoa of 
Bread is certainly insuffiioient. .^ 

The sheriff of Montgomery county has representedi that these ifl 

«Sce Col. Reo., YqL XIV^ p. 856. 


no Prison yet baiU in tbat eoantj, & therefore requests, that he may 
be permitted to seeare his prisoners in the Gaol of this city & county. 
It 18 the desire of Council that proyision should be mode accordingly 
by the Legislature. 

I ion, sir^ with much esteem^ 

Your most obedient and yery 
humble servant. 

Honble the Speaker of the Qcneral Assembly. 

Extract of lettbb from Minister of United Netuer- 
LANDSy 1785. 


Paragraph of a Letter to an eminent Dutch Merchant in London. 

Philadelphia, September 29. 

'^ At length one of (he secret articles transpires settled by Mr. 
Adams in behalf of the thirteen free and independent States of 
America and the seyen United States of Holland viz. : In case of a 
rupture between the seven United States and other Powers the 
States of America agree to furnish ten Kegiments each Regiment 
consisting of one Colonel, one Lieutenant colonel, one Major, one 
Captain, two Lieutenants, two Ensigns, three Sergeants, three 
Corporals, two Drums and ninety privates, to be transported to the 
Dutch West India islands or their settlements on the Spanish Main, 
or to Holland if required ; and in case of an attack upon any of the 
thirteen United States of America, the Dutch have agreed to furnish 
them with ten ships oi the Line : the rank and conditions of payment 
I could not particularly get at. This information you may rely on, 

as it came last night from M' Van B- 1, the Dutch resident 

here. Should there be an immediate occasion, the Grand Monarch 
of Germany will find ten thousand of those daring spirits wafted to 
the Eastern Continent| who had presumption enough to oppose the 
disfpraoefnl and arbitrary measures adopted by the Government in 
which you now reside (which lost them this Country.) There are 
Dvtoh and other Ships in this harbour, sufficient to reoeive that 
number of troops in six weeks.'' 

February 12th, 1785. From the Minuter of the United Nether- 

* See page 415, and See Col. Reo., Vol. XIY., p. 864. 


Skcb'y op Forbiqn Affaibs to Prks. Dickinson, 1785. 

Office for foreign Affiurs, 15th Feb^, 1785. 

I have the Honor of transmitting to jonr Ezccllency a Copy of a 
Letter which Mr. De Marboie wrote me on the 10th Instant and of 
an anonymous Letter which he inolos'd in it. 

Altho' anonymoos Letters seldom merit much attention, yet as I 
received it from a public Minister, and as it relates to an affair which 
has caused great uneasiness; I think it tdyiseable ta transmit it to 
your Excellency. 

I have the honor to be with great 
Bespect and Esteem your, 

EzcoUencys most ob* and very h'ble Serv*. 


His Ezccllency the President of the exccutlye Council of Pen- 

I have the Honor to transmitt to Mr. Jay an anoaymous Letter 
which I received by yesterday's Post. I am very doubtful whether 
it has been written with good Intention. Such as it is I thought 
proper to communicate to the Honorable the Secretary for foreign 

(Signed,) DE MAKBOIS. 

New Tork, 10th February, 1785. 

Anonymous lbttsb to Mons. Db Mabbois, 1785. 


My attachment to you & the publio good induce me to' give you 
warning that you cannot return here with any degree of security. 
The friends of Longcbamps are outrageous on account of the Steps 
which they say you are takins against him. It is said that if you 
should return, they are resolved to take violent measures against 
you, Ik he himself threatens to be revenged upon you in an exemplary 
manner as soon as he is set at liberty. I think that you will do well 
in neglecting no precaution to secure you from his designs; I beg you 
will consider that this man hath nothing to lose, that he Ims no 
means of subsistence, & that his debts far ej(ceeding the value of hb 

• See. Col. Eco.» YoL XIV., p. 858. 


Wife's property, he is ripe for any the most desperate undertakiDg. 
I do not sign this, not wishing to expose myself to the resentment 
of those who have oommunicated their schemes to me, nnder an 
injanotion of secrecy. 

I am with profound respect 

sir, yonr most humble & 

most obedient servant, 
A true Translation, 

Sworn Interpreter. 

Comm'rs on Indian affairs to P&es. Dickinson, 1785. 


I beg leave to inform your Excellency and the Ilon'ble Council, 
that the commissioners of Indian aflkirs have in their possession some 
horses w'h they were under the necessity of purchasing to accommo- 
date themselves in going to. and returning from the late Indian 

As considerable expences will attend their being kept at a Livery 
Stable (which is the case at present,) I should be glad Council wou'd 
be pleased to instruct me what to do with them. 
I have the Honor to be 

your Excellency's most ob* 

& very H'ble Servant 


Philad'a, Feb'y 16th, 1786. 

To His Exeellencys John Dickinson, Esquire, President in 

Council to Deleqatxs in Congress, 1785. 

In Council, 

February 17th, 1785. 

We inclose a Copy of a Memorial lately presented to us by the 
Merchants k Traders of this City oonceming Captures by Barbary 

The Matter is of so much Moment, that we desire you will 
immediately bring it before Congress, k endeavour to have the 

• See CoL Ree., Yol. XIV., p. 860. 


most proper Measures adopted for preventing the mischiefs that are 

Tour obe't & very humble Servant.'*' 
To The Honorable Delegates of Pennsylvania in Congress. 

Memorial op Merch'ts op Philadelphia, 1785. 

To hia Excellency the Presid* and the H'blo the Supreme Executive 
Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 

The Memorial of the Merch'ts & Traders of the City of Philad'a 
by their Committee : 
Respectfully Sheweth, 

That the Capture of an American Vessell bv the Corsairs of 
Barbary gives this Committee Real & Just apprcnensions of future 
depredation, on our trade from the same quarter. 

Upon an occasion so extreamly Important, it is the duty of this 
Committee to entreat that Coupcill will Represent to Congress the 
Necessity of endeavouring Speedily to oonciliate the states of Bar- 
bary to us by presents, as it is practised by most of the Commercial 
Nations in Europe, or by treatys to bo entered into with them as 
ahall be deemed expedient by the Wisdom of that Body. 

We trust the Necessity of the Case will Induce Councill to take 
the earlyest apportunity of Laying this business before the United 
States in Congress, in such manner as shall appear to them most 
likely to produce the Remedy prayed for. 
Philad'a, 17, February, 1786. 



To His Excell'y the Presid't & the Supreme Executive Council 
of Pennsylvania. 

• See Col. Rec., Vol. XIV., p. 8G1. f Ihid. 


Rbsoltjtion of General Assembly.— Boundary, &c, 1785. 

State of Pennsylvania In General Assembly, 1785. 
Friday February 18, 1785. A. M. 

The report of tbe oommittee appointed to confer with the Com- 
missioners &o., read February 16, was read the seoond time and 
adopted as following (viz.) 

The oommittee appointed on the eleventh instant to confer with 
the Commissioners elected in pursuance of the third resolution of 
the General Assembly, adopted the fifteenth day of September 1783, 
to examine the navigation of the Susquehanna, and to ascertain as 
near as convenientlv may be where the northern boundary of this 
State will Ml &o., beg leave to report. 

That the ascertaining of the Northern boundary of this State is 
rendered the more immediately necessary by the late purchase of terri- 
tory from the Indians, and the design of opening the Land Oflice 
for the Sale of lands bordering on the paid boundary especially as 
your committee are well informed that the six nations of Indians 
have appointed one of their Chiefs to attend the Commissioners on 
the part of this State in running and marking the said boundary lino 
as early as the season will admit. 

That on considering the objects of the said resolution of tho 
fifteenth day of September 1788, your committee aro highly sensible 
of their importance to the true interests of this State, and as they 
may be effected by the same Commissioners without any considerable 
additional exponce, your committee are of opinion that they ought 
also to be carried into execution. 

That your committee have conferred with two of the said Com- 
missioners, and find that they are nearly prepared and propose to set 
out on the business about the first of April, but as greater accuracy 
seems now to be requisite in ascertaining the northern boundary, 
than was formerly in contemplation, a further supply of mathemati- 
cal instruments may be necessary. 

Your committee therefore offer the following resolutions. 

Kesolved, That the Commissioners appointed in pursuance of the 
said third resolution of the General Assembly of this State, adopted 
on the fifteenth of September 1783, be directed to proceed as early 
as may be to ezeoote the objects of their appointment so far as may 
be done without proceeding up the Susquehanna beyond the limits 
of this State, being careful to mark the northern boundary line 
thereof in such manner as that the same may be readily known and 
understood by the Surveyors and settlers^ also by the Indians who 
may approach the same. 

Resolved, that the Supreme Executive Council bo and they are 
hereby authorisEcd and desired to cause to be paid out of tho Treasury 
of this State to the said Commissioners such sum of money as to 
the said Council shall appear proper in addition to what the said Com- 


murioners have heretofore receiyed, for tbe purpose of parchasiDg 
instlmmentSy proTisions and other necessaries for the said serrice 
and abo snoh snm and sums as the said Commissioners or any of 
them shall respectively require on .account of their pay, not exceed- 
ing fiffy pounds to each of the said Commissioners. 

Kefloivedy That the President and Supreme Executive Council of 
this State be desired to inclose the foregoiug resolutions to the Gov- 
ernor of the State of New York and to reauest that Commissioners 
on the prt of that State may be appointed to run and mark a tem- 
porary line between the States of Pennsylvania and New York, in 
eonjunotion with the Commissioners of this State ; and that the 
Commissioners of this State be directed to meet at the north-east 
corner of this State, or Station point as heretofore settled, on the 
first day of April next. 

Extract from the minutes, 

J. SHALLUS, Asst. Clerk 

of the General Assembly. 

Phbs. Dickinson, to Govbrnor of N. Y., 1786. 

In Council, February 19th, 1785. 

We ioclose Hesolntions passed yesterday by the General Assembly 
of this Commonwealth* and request that Commissioners on the part 
of your State, may be appointed to run k mark a temporary Line, 
according to the said Kesolutioos. The Commissioners on the part 
of this State are, 

I am Sir, 

your most obed. Servt. 


His Excellency the Governor of the State of New York. 

Dorset Pentecost to Pres. Dickinson, — Boundary, 


PhUadelphia, Feby. 19th, 1785. 

On applying to the Register of the Land Office under claims to 
Lands deriveafrom the State of Virginia, I fiod many obstructions 
in carrying them through the different offices of this State, which I 
beg leave briefly to state to your Honorable Board. 

«Se« page^ 412i f See Got. Ree., Vol. XIY., p. 868; 



Finty — The Coantj Sarvejor alleges that it is impossible for him 
to execute the different Sarveys agreeable to the iDstmctioDS rcH 
oeived from the Property Board, as it subjects him to tediooa 
Litigations on many Surveys, too burdensome for him, and in a 
Great measure involves his reputation in the determinations thereof. 

Secondly, — On my producing to the Register Sundry receipts for 
Composition money paid to the Yirg. Commissioners, appointed to 
settle the claims to unpatented Lands and grant Certificates, and 
orders of Surveys. — I was told that they could not be admitted in 
his Office, untill proof was made that the Gentleman who signed 
them was Bonifida Clerk to the said Board of Commissioners. He 
farther observed he was under difficulty to determine the authenticity 
of the Orders issued by the Commissioners, as ho b not furnished 
with a Copy of their Commission, or appointment. He also men- 
tioned other difficulties for want of some of the Virginia Laws. 

Upon the whole I find myself (and others) greatly imbaras'd in 
procuring permanent Titles fdr our property, for which in the first 
instance we risqued the lives of ourselves and Families, and in the 
next paid our money to the State of Virginia, 

One other mischievous evil is daily growing, Involving us in 
deeper difficulties, and subjecting us to tedious and expensive Law 
Suits. I mean the Warrants constantly Issuing for Lands actually 
under Virginia Titles. And the Surveyors can find no difficulty in 
the Execution of them, because there is nothing to obetruct them, 
but the bare Ipse-dixitof the Person claiming under Virginia, for I 
take il for granted that producing a Certificate from the Com- 
missioners can have no weight under the Idea, conveyed from the 
above state of this matter. 

Your Excellency and Council being in my opinion the only power 
adequate to this very interesting Subject, and the willingness you 
have ever demonstrated to do Justice has induced me to adress you 
for remedy and if Possible to put us on a speedy Equitable, and 
certain footing to ^obtain Patants for those Lands that has cost us 
BO dear. 

I know this is a Business that requires some attention and Inves- 
tigation, and consequently must give you trouble, and perhaps can- 
not at this stage of the bussiness be put on a footing altogether de- 
vested of difficultv and Imbarassment, but permit me to observe 
that the longer it is delayed the ereatcr those Imbarasments will be. 

When your Excellency and Council reflects how sensibly I am 
(with hundreds of others) affiscted with a delay of this Bussiness, 
you will I hope pardone the liberty I have taken in this adress, 
especially when I assure your Excellency that nothing but the most 
pressing necessity, necessity and appearance 9f certain ruin could 
nave produced an application of this kind, yon will excuse me for 
entertaining Ideas not favourable of some who to our misfortune 
have influenced this business. 

If Council should be at a loss for information on this subject, I 


beg leave to recommend an Enquiry at Colos. Ritchee and Cannon 
now in this City, and Oentlemen on whoae Teradtj the utmost Con- 
fidence may be placed. 

It 18 nnnocessary as well as improper for me in tbis place to pre- 
tend a State different circumstances attendant on this business as 
your Honourable Board can be fully informed from Gentlemen Dis- 
pationate and disinterested. 

I have the Honor to be, 

with perfect Esteem your Exellencies, 
most obed. very Hmb Servt. 


His Excellency John Dickinson Esquire. 

Minister of Holland to Pres. Dickinson, 1786. 


I have read with surprize in Humphrey's & Oswald's paper the 
pragraph,* of which a Copy is here inclosed. Altho' the Contents of 
it appear only to be ridiculous & con temptible, yet the Liberty which 
is there taken to use the name of a foreign Minister, in order to 
give a sanction to the malicious inventions of some restless, meddling 
individuals, appears to me of such a nature, that I cannot think of 
passing it over in silence. I think myself obliged. Sir, to make 
representations to you on the subject, k to submit it to the oon- 
flideration & Judgment of your Excellency, whether Equity and 
good policy do not require, that such an unwarrantable act be duly 

SunisheS, and that government should take proper measures to shew 
ow highly such an attempt provokes their indignation, that the 
author of this falshood may be exposed to public contempt, & the 
falsity of the account he gives, may be known every whore. 

As I make no doubt but your Excellency will easily find out the 
proper means of attaining this end ; I put all my confidence in your 
best Judgment, while I have the honor to be with much Esteem k 

Sir^ Your Excellency's most 

obedient & most 

humble servant, 
(Signed,) P. J. VAN BEREKEL.f 
Philadelphia, 20th Feb'y, 1785. 
His Exoellency, Air. President Dickinson. 
A true Translation from the Original. 

Sworn Interpreter. 
♦ See page 408. f Cot Reo., XIV., p. 804. 


Comm'rs 021 Boundary to Pbbb. Dickinson, 1786. 

Phikda., 22iid Feb'y, 1785. 

In tlie proseoation of the Duties assigned ns, as Commissioners 
appointed to ran the northern Boundary of this State ; We found 
it necessary to provide ourselves with a transit Instrument which we 
have bought. Price Thirty Pounds. Please therefore to Order a 
draught on the Tieaanrer for said sum ; as also for Fifty Pounds to 
be charged to, Sir, 

Your moat obedient 
& Humble Servant, 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq., in Council. 

. l)AyiD Rbdioe to Prb8. Dickinson, 1785* 

PhUadolphia, 24th FeVy, 1785. 
Honorable Gentlemen, 

I have lately received instructions from the Surveyor Gen'l to 
Survey in the County of Washington, on Virg. Titles, the dificul- 
ties which I find in complying with those instraotions appears to me 
80 great as to render a complience impracticable. A very short 
experience has convinced me, that to attend on the taking deposi- 
tions, &o., considering the difficulty of getinff witnesses togather, 
before a justice or Majistrate, as well from their being often wide 
Bcatered, as from the Majistrate often residing for from the place of 
Action, makes it in* my humble oppinion an almost insurmountable 
part of my duty ; not only so, but if it could be even conveniently 
done, it will greatly involve me in mischief, in as much as the un- 
fortunate Claimants, will often be disposed to gather as much trash 
as may lay fals Signs of guilt op me ; this will happen the mor6 
certainly in as much as many people are by no means capable of 
knowing, when my duty has been faithfully performed, and I should 
think it hard to be brought frequently to Philadelphia to Account 
for my Conduct, on the complaint of an individual when many 
cases might be such as to make it very difficult to me, to know how 
to act I and still much more difficult to convince government as to my 
reasons for so doing ; when length of time & multiplicity of busi- 
ness might not leave a single mark of the transaction on my mind. 

Another difficulty, o£ Executing Surveys, at the time mcn- 


■I 9 !• m._ !^ 


tioned in the public notice to be given agreeable to those instruc- 
tions; the changes of seasons, as well as other unavoidable interven- 
ing accidents will often prevent its being punctually complied with ; 
and it is Easoy to see that one single accident of this sort, will 
naturally confuse after business ; this observation alone I hope will 
convince your Honorable Board, that my business cannot at all be 
carried on regularly, which alone gives life & spring to business, 
unless the whole surveying of a Township or the like could be done 
togather as it were, which cannot be, as few of the inhabitants of the 
same district will be prepared at the same time with that of some 
of their neighbours. 

Another thing Honorable gentlemen would be of especial use to 
the inhabitants of Washington County that is, to know what kind 
of Virg* Titles are deemed legal and valid, for many of the people 
if they only knew their claim to be ill founded, would immediately 
apply to the office of this State Else time may put it out of their 
power on the same favorable Term as are held out at present to 
secure their lands. Honorable Gentlemen I hope to meet with your 
indulgence for troubling your Board with so tedious a letter, if you 
will l^lieve that a real regard to the good of public business, & my 
own future fame are Reasons which has prompted me. 
I am. Honorable 

Gent., your most 

obt. Humble Servt., 
Directed, DAVID RBDICK. 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq., Prest., and the Supreme 
Executive Council, of Pennsylvania. 

Skc'y Chas. Thomson to Pres. op Council, 1785. 


New York, 26th February, 1786. 

Attempts having been made in the settlement of accounts to 
defraud the public by means of Certificates and some of them being 
discovered. The United States in Congress assembled have passed 
the resolutions, which I have the honor to enclose. 

That these resolutions may have the desired effect, permit me to 
request that yon would be pleased to give orders for having them 
printed without delay in the News-papers of your State. 
With great respect, 
I have the honor to be. 

Your Excellency's 
most obedient and 
most humble Servt., 
Directed, CHA. THOMSON. 

His Excellency, the President of Pennsylvania. 


Wm. Maclay to PfiBS. Dickinson, 1785. 

Sunbttry, 26th Feb'j., 1786. 

The inclosed Letter came to my hands a few days ago, open as 
you now receive it. I have since seen David Price, who received ii 
from the Indians, and brought it into the Countv. He says the 
Indians are in perfect good humour, but wish much for the running 
of the Line between us and them, as was agreed at the Treaty in 
October last : By Price's account they are well informed of the 
general direction and place of. beginning the Line; altho' it is by no 
moans clearly expressed in their Letter. 

As the Letter cam« into my hands open, and is of a publiek 
nature, I thought it best to forward it to you, that Oovernmeat 
might be informed of the Contenta. 

And am, with the greatest 

respeet. Sir, your 
most obedient & 
most humble servant, 


His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq., President, &o., of the 
State of Pennsylvania. 

Pres. Dickinson to Mbrohants of Philadelphia, 1785. 

In Council, Febuary 26, 1786. 

On the Receipt of your Memorial ol the 17th inst.,'*' we that Day 
wrote to our Delegates inolosing a Copy thereof, and requesting them 
immediately to prosecute the Business in Congress. We hope their 
Exertions will produce the desired Effect, and it will afford us a 
most sincere satisfaction, if the fivent is as successful as you wish 
it to be. 

1 have the honor to be, 

with the highest esteem, 

QenUemen, your most 
obedient and very 

humble servant, 

The Merchants and Traders, of the City of Philadelphia. 

* See page 41 f C^ol. Rec , XIV, p. 8C9. 


Sso't Abmst&ono to County Libutbnakts, 1785. 

Secretary's Office, Philad", 28** Feb'y, 1785. 
To siioli of the Liciiteiiants of Counties as hare not reported to 
Council the divisions of their respective Counties into Batt* 
districts &c. 

Council have long since expected from you a report of ''the 
'' several ^ttalion districts into whioh the County of 
'' has been divided, the names of the townships composing each, ft 
the probable efficient force of the whole.'' Orders for this purpose 
were issued as early as the 9th of Deo. 1783, and Council are much 
at a loss to account for so great a delay in your complying with them, 
I have it now in command to report their directions on this Subject 
& am 

Sir, with'muoh respect Tours, &c. 

J. AEMSTEONG, Jr., Sec'y. 

Sec'y ABMSTRONa TO Smith & Kblly, 1785. 

Secretary's Office, 28th Feb., 1785. 

Under the directions of Council, I wrote you some time since, (on 
the 3d of Sept. 1784,) informing you, that it was the opinion of 
Council that your appointment as a Justice of the peace for Mountjoy 
township, was void in itself, being founded upon an election held 
contrary to law, & directing you to resign your commission without 
further delay. 

It is however with some degree of astonishment that they have 
seen this notice of their wishes treated with so disrespectful a silence, 
and with still more surprize have they heard, that in direct oppo- 
sition to them, you have continued to exercise the duties of an 
appointment thus illegally obtained. It is the object of this letter 
therefore to require you within ten days from the date hereof, or as 
early thereafter as possible to transmit your resignation of the 
appointm' aff* to this office, and thus spare Council the necessity of 
issuing a public supersedeas. 

I am &c. 


(A copy of this letter to be sent to M' W- Smith, & W- Kelly 

• See Col. Bee., Vol. Xiy.« p. 454. 


Jambs Pbabson to Gounoil, 1785. 

To the Honorable the Supreme Exeoative Council; 


The Oaidner employed to phint the trees in the State honse yard 
is directed by M' Vaughan to procure a number for the purpose from 
different places, M' Reese requests a small sum of money to pay his 
expences and those of a man to assist him in diging them, also to 
pay for their carriage; and were necessary for the trees. The forty 
pounds for which I reo* an order is Expended in the work already 

Therefore request the Honble Council will be pleased to order me 
such a sum as will be sufficient for the purposes aforesaid, and also 
to proTide a number of Stakes to secure the trees whe«i planted. I 
cannot estimate with Certainty what those expences may amount to) 
but suppose a sum equal to the former order will be sufficient. • 
Am your h'ble Serv^ 


Philad*, Peb^ 28th, 1785. 

Honorable John Dickinson, President of Council. 

RESOLirnoN op Assembly, 1785. 

State of Pennsylvania, In General Assembly. 

Thursday, March 8, 1785, A. M. 
On motion. 

Ordered, that the committee appointed on the account of James 
Searle, Esquire, be instructed to confer with the Supreme Executive 
Council touching the said accounts. 

Extr&ct from the Minutes. 

J. SHALLUS, Ass't Clerk, 
of the General Assembly. 

Thomas Procter to Pres. DMkinson.— Lands, 1785. 


It has been suggested by the Honble the Council that certain 
lands entered by me in the land office, may be within the late 
purchase made from the Indians. In order to satisfy any objections 
on that head, I pledge my honor tp the firm belief y^ the twenty-one 
Tracts herewith returned to Council ; and said be on the waters of 

♦ See Register of Penn'a, Vol. I. p. 416, for vote of thanks to Col. 
George Morgan, of Morganxa for a present of 100 Elm trees for the State- 
hoaae yard, Ap. 22, 1786, also, Col. Reo. Vol. XTV., p. 8fi8. 


Munoey, Tawandy & Lacoming, are intirely in tho old purchase so 
called, and should it appear hereafter contrary to this certificate, I 
rescind all right of Claim thereto, hut what shall be done by me in 
the necessary form. This be pleased to communicate to the Honour- 
able Council And the honor done mo shall be duly acknowledged by 
your Excellency's 

most humble Servant. 

Land office^ March 3' 1785. 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esquire. 

Wm. Butler to Brio. Oen. John Armstrong, 1786. 

Pittsburgh, 10th March, 1785. 

I was Honour* with yours of the 8* Feb^ together with Mr. 
Brown* proposals for a printing office & have every reason to believe 
the subscriptions in this Country will answer his expecktations. I 
have got but five signers yet, oweing to my late sickness, and am now 
only just able to sit up but recovering fast & shall use every endea- 
vour to forward Mr. Brown's interest. The gentlemen of the Law, 
intends exerting themselves at the different oorts in Apriel ; which 
will be the only places to get a numerous subscription.* 

Sir, will you be so obligeing as to apply to Council in my behalf k 
obtain their order to tho surveyor gen'l Direckting him to give an 
order to the surveyor of the districkt to survay my lott over tho 
Alligany River for the aoomodation of my ferry agreeable to the ackt 
of assembly. Capt Ja* Aharra will doe tho business for me if you 
will procure him the order he will also pay anny just Due as may bo 
made requisite. I Presume Council has been mad acquainted with 
the villiny of the People of this Country, the are fiocxing from all 
Quarters, settling & taking up not only the United States lands but 
also this States, many Hundreds has crost the Rivers & are dayly 
goin^ many with their family's, the Wisdom of Council I hope will 
Provide against so gross & growing an Evil. 
Excuse heast, & ^lieve me to beci 
yours sincerely, 
Direcfed, W- BUTLER. 

John Armstrong, Jun'r, EsqV, Secretary to the honble the 
Council, State of Penn% Philadelphia. 

Hon^ by Capt Aharra. 

* The Qazetto was commencod about this year or the Dezt» sud to be 
the first paper west of the noontaiiis. Reg. of Peima , YoL I« p. 181. 


Gov. Clinton, of N. Y., to Pbbs, Dickinson, 1786. 

New York, 1 1«* March, 1785. 

Previous to my receipt of your Ezcellenoy's Letter of the 19'^ 
February,'*' molosiDg Resolutions of your General Assembly, a Bill 
had orinnated in our Legislature for running and marking the juris- 
diction Line between this State and Pennsylvania, which has since 
passed into a Law, and I have now the Honor to inclose you a Copy 
of it. 

Your Excellency will perceive that instead of a temporary Line- 
between the two States, which appears to be the object of your 
Assembly, our Law provides for the establishment of a permanent 
Line ; and I flatter myself, that upon a reconsideration of the matter, 
your Legislature will concur in the Idea. I presume it will be ad- 
mitted if a temporary Line only was to run, it should bo done with 
accuracy to prevent the obvious inoonveniencies which the Borderers 
would be subject to as the Settlements advance on either side ; and 
the consequent broils which the two States might be involved in by an 
incorrect Line in the first Instance, and in this Case there can be 
but little additional ezpence incurred in rendering it perfect and 

By the Act, you will observe, it is left with our Council to appoint 
Commisssioners for this Service on the part of this State, which shall 
be done, and their Names transmitted to your Excellency, and every 
other necessary Arrangement made on our part for carrying the 
business into effect, so soon as I shall be informed of the Concurrence 
of your State.f 

I have the Honor to be, 

with the highest Respect, 

your Excellency's most Obed* Serv», 
His Excellency Governor Dickinson. 

Act op New Yoke rblativk to Boundary, 1785. 

An Act for running out and marking the Jurisdiction Line between 
this State and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.* 
Whereas, the Honorable Cadwallader Colden, Esquire, Lieutenant 
Governor of the late Province, now Stale, of New York, with the 
Advise of the then Council, did, on the Eighth day of November, 
One thousand Seven hundred and Seventy-four, Nominate and Ap- 
point Samuel Holland, Esquire, to proceed in Conjunction with M' 

* See page 413. f See CoL Bee, VoL XIV., p. 880. 


DaTid Rittenhoase, or such other Person as might be Appointed on 
the part of Pennsylvania, to fix the beginning of the Fortj-third 
Degree of North Latitude, on the Mohawk or Western Branch of 
Delaware, and to proceed Westward as far as the Season would per- 
mit, along the Beginning of the said Degree, which is the Boundary 
between this State and the State of Pennsylvania. 

And whereas, the Honorable John Penn, Esquire, late Goyemor 
of the late Province, now Commonwealth, of Pennsylvania, did, on 
the Twenty-fourth day of October, in the Year aforesaid. Nominate 
and Appoint the said David Rittenhouse to proceed on the like Ser- 
vice, in Conjunction with the said Samuel Holland, or such other 
Pttrson as should be Appointed on the part of the then Province^ now 
State, of New York. 

And whereas, the said Samuel Holland and David Rittenhouse, 
did, in pursuance of their said respective Appointments, proceed on 
the said Business, and made a Return thereof, under their Hands, 
bearing Date at Philadelphia, the fourteenth day of December, in the 
■ame Year, by which Return it appears that the said Commissioners 
Afleertained and fixed the Beginning of the Forty-third Degree of 
North Latitude, on the Mohawk or Western Branch of Delaware, 
and there, in a small Island, planted a Stone, with the Letters 

I ^^^'^J^^^' { cut on one side, and on the Top, LAT. 42° 

V AR. 4'' 20', thence due West on the West side of Delaware River, 
then Collected a Heap of Stones at High Water Mark ; and in the 
aaid West Line, four Perches distant, planted another Stone with 
the Letters | PENNSYLVANIA, | out on the South side, and 

on the Top, LAT. 42° VAR. 4° 20', and thence due West 
Eighteen Perches marked an Ash Tree ; and that the Rigour of the 
Season prevented them from proceeding further, as by the Report of 
the said Commissioners filed ,with a Map annexed thereto, and filed of 
Record in the Secretaries Office of this State,{will more fully Appear. 

And whereas, it is necessary that said Line should be run out — 
Marked and Ascertained, 

Therefore be it enacted by the People of the State of New York, 
represented in Senate and Assembly, and it is hereby enacted by the 
Authority of the same. That the Surveyor General of this State be, 
and he is hereby. Appointed and Authorized on the part of this 
State, to meet such Person or Persons, who, in like Manner may be 
Appointed and Authorized on the Part of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, at such Time or Times, Place or Places, as shall be 
agreed upon and determined by the Persons Administering the Gov- 
ernments of this State for the time being, and the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, then and there to run out, mark and Ascertain the said 
Line of Jurisdiction between this State and the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, beginning at the Place so fixed and Ascertained by the 
said Commissioners as above mentioned, on the Mohawk or Western 


BmDoh of Delaware, at the beginning of the Forty-third Degree of 
North Latitadoi and from thenoe to proceed Westward along the 
beginning of the said Forty-third Degree of North Latitude as fir 
as this State and the said Commonwealth of Pennsylvania border 
on each other. 

And bo it enacted by the Anthority aforesaid, That the Surveyor 
General of this State be, and he is hereby, Authorized and impow- 
ered to employ a Surveyor or Surveyors, Cbainbearers, and such and 
so many other Persons as may be found Necessary to perform the 
Executive part in running, marking, and Ascertaining the said Line 
in conjunction with such Person or Persons as may be Appointed on 
the part of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for that purpose ; 
And such Line so Agreed upon, Approved of and Consented to by 
the said Surveyor Qeneral of this State and such Person or Persons 
as shall be Appointed by, and on the part of, the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, being reported to the Persons Administering the 
Government of this State and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 
for the Time being, and Ratified and Confirmed by the Legislature 
of this State and the Legisature of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania, shall at all Times hereafter, be the Line of Jurisdiction be- 
tween this State and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 

And be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, T^at the said 
Surveyor General be, and he is hereby, Authorized from time 
to time to draw upon the Treasurer of this State for such Sums of 
Money as he shall Judge Necessary for defraying the Ezpenoes of 
running out, marking and Ascertaining the said Jurisdiction Line on 
the part of this State, not exceeding in the whole, the Sum of One 
Thousand Pounds, for which he is to be accountable.'*' 

Circular ov Congress on Claims, 1785. 


Secretary's Office, March 18**, 1785. 

Congress being impressed with the Necessity of limiting a time 
for all persons having unliquidated Claims against the Unit^ States 
to bring in such Claims, as well for the purpose of ascertaining with 
the utmost expedition the amount of the National debt, as to prevent 
or detect the attempts that are making to defraud the public, have 
passed the resolution which 1 have the honor to enclose. 

As it is of importance to the inhabitants of your State, who have 
just Claims against the United States, to be informed of this as 
speedily as possible, I trust your Excellency will excuse the liberty 
1 take in addressing this resolution to you and requesting that you 
will be pleased to give the Necessary Orders for making it known 

* See Vol. lY., pp. 662, 670, 678. 


to all coDoernedy by oaosiDg it to be printed and dispersed tbrough 
the diflPereat Counties and districts of joor State, or in snoh other 
way as yoa shall judge best. 

With great respect, 

I have the honor to be 

Your Excellency's most Obedient 
and most humble Sery^ 


Hifl Excellency The President of Pennsylvania. 

OmoBBS OF Pbnns'a reoommending Wm« Irvine as 
Land Agent, 1785. 

Philadelphia, March 21st, 1785. 

Wo the Subscribers, a Committee chosen by the officers of the 
hto Pennsy* lino, beg leave to inform the Supreme Executive 
Council, that there is now before the Honorable House of Assembly, 
a Bill for directing the mode of distributing the Donation landsf 
granted to the late officers & Soldiers of said line, in whioh the 
appointment of an Agent to see justice done to the State, as well as 
to the Individuals, is left in your honorable Board. 

We therefore pray that Council will be pleased to appoint William 
Irvine. Esqr.^f to that office, if the Bill passes in its present State, 
as he is a Gentleman well acquainted with the land appropriated 
for that purpose, and who is, we humbly conceive, worthy your 
Confidence^ as well as that of 

your most humble Servants, 



His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esqr., President of the Supreme 

Executive Council. 


March 21, 1785. From the Committee (P* Line,) pnmnjr the 
ajq^intment of Oen. Irvine^ aa Agent under the late law tn l^ona- 
lion Lands. 

♦ See CoL Rec, Vol. XIV., p. 886. 

t He was appointed Uaroh 26. CeL Rm., XIV., p. 886» 464, and his 
initmction on page 427 of this VoL 


James Milligait, C. T., to Pbes. Dickinson, 1785. 

Comptroller's Officej 

March 24th, 1786. 

In pnrstiance of the Reeolations of Congresss of the 23d Febmary 
last, erapowering me to nominate the CommissioDers therein men- 
tioned, I do myself the honor to nominate John Story, Esqnire as 
an additional Commissioner for Settling the Accounts between the 
State of Pennsylvania and the United States and for Liquidating 
and settling the claims of the Citizens of that State against the 
United States, &c., aooording to the meaning and intention of the 
Act of Congress of the 20th of February, 1782. 

I think it necessary to observe to your Excellency that this 
Qentleman is a native of the State of Massachusetts, and was for 
some years employed in public Accounts in the Office of M^or 
(General Green, when Quarter Master General. He is recoommen- 
ded to me as a man of Strict integrity, Industry and knowledge of 
Aooonnts. I hope be may be aooeptabie, and that his Conduct may 
be toch as to deserve the approbation of all honest men, and corres* 
pond with the Character I have received. 
I have the honor to be 

with great respect. Sir, 

your Bzoellency's most 

Obedient Hum. Servant,"*" 

Comp'tr of the Treas'y. 
To His Excellency, the President of State of Pennsylvania. 

Jambs Pbabson to Pres. Dickinson, on State Housb, 


To the Honorable the Supreme Executive Council. 

The expences incur'd by paving and Graveling at the front of the 
State House, Obliged me to expend the money drawn for other 
repairs of the buildings and involved me in debts for part of the 
bncks, hauling and labour, also for sundry materials for the repairs 
— those balances the persons are desirous of having paid. 

Therefore request the Hon'ble Council will please to order the 

* See GoL Reo., Vol. XIV., page 886, 899. 


ram of Three hundred ponnda to pay the debts already contraoted 
and enable me to proceed in the repairs of the buildings Ac^ as 
Ordered by the Hon'ble Assembly. 

And Oblige yours 


March 25th, 1785. 

Ihbtbuctions to Gen'l Wm. Irvine as Lani> Agent, 


In Council, March 26th, 1785. 

By Virtue of the Authority vested in us by the Act of Assembly 
''for directing the Mode of distributing the Donation Lands, 
promised to the troops of this Commonwealth." We have appoint- 
od you Agent to perform the Duties of this office, it will be neces- 
sary that with all possible Dispatch & accuracy, you explore the 
Country to be laid off agreeable to Directions of that Act,'' noting 
the quality of the land in the several parts thereof, the bills, moun- 
tains, waters, creeks, marshes, uplands, bottomlands, &c., and such 
other occurences as may deserve notice with their situation, & dis- 
tanoe, but particularly the parts of the land which you may deem 
vnfit for cultivation, &c. ; and from time to time transmitting us 
your Bemarks, notes and Description of the Country. 
I am, with the greatest 

Esteem, Sir, your most 

obedient humble Sorvt., 


The Honorable General William Irvine. 

P&BS. Dickinson to Speaker of Assembly, 1785. 


Mr. Millegan Comptroller of the Treasury of the United States, 
baa this Day notified to Council, that in pursuance of an Act of 
Congress of the 28rd of last Month, he has appointed John Story, 
Epqnire, an additional Commissioner for settling accounts within this 

* See page 425, also Col. Rec., Vol. XIV., p. 886. 


State. Tho appoiatment meets the approbatioB of Connoili if 
approved by the Ijegislature. 

I am, with the greatest 

Esteem, Sir, your most 

obedient humble Scrvt., 

March 26th, 1785. 

The Honorable the Speaker. 

Rev'd Dr. Ewinq to Prbs. Dickinson.— Resignation, 


Philada., 26th Mar., 1785. 
Honble Sir, 

When I last had the Honour of waiting on your EzocUenoy ia 
Company with 'Mr. Hptohins ; I informed you that it would not 
be necessary for both Mr. Rittenhouse and myself to be employed 
in running the western boundary of the State in conjunction with 
the Virginia Commissioners in the ensuing summer. I mentioned 
farther y^ my connection with the university, & my own church 
would require my continuance in Philadelphia, and that therefore I 
should no longer be considered as holding the Commission with 
-which the Council had been pleased to honour me in tho preceding 
year. Lest this might have escaped your memory in the Multipli- 
city of public Business, I have taken the Liberty of requesting Y^ 
Excellency to give this information to Council, and am. Sir, 
with the greatest Respect, 

your Excellency's most obdt. 

and very Humble Servant, 

Directed y 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esq., President of the State of 

Pres. Dickinson to Speaker op Assembly, 1785. 


The General Assembly on the seoondof December, 1788, Resolved, 
that a sum not esroeedinff six hundred Pounds should be appropriated 
for the purpose of enabling Council to make public Demonstrations 

♦ SCO Col. Reo., Vol. XIV , p. 454. 


of Joy upon the defioitiye Treaty of Peace between the United 
StateSi and Great Britain."*" The inclosed acoonnts exceed thai 
EBtimate, & the Demanda for payment are very pressing, as will 
appear from the Letter herewith transmitted; Bat Council are 
unwilling to draw orders upon the Treasury for more than the sum 
appropriated, without the Consent of the Legislatnro. 
I am with much Esteem Sir, 

your most obedient, 

& very humble Servant, 

March 20th; 1785. 

The Honourable, The Speaker of General Assembly. 

Michael Huffnaqle to Gen'l Armstronq, 1785. 

Dear Sir, 

I received yours a few days ago, with Mr. Brown's papers in- 
dosed, and shall do every thing in my power to get Subscribers. 

I wish you to mention to His Excellency, the President and 
Council that having obtained Judgment against Conrad Winomiller 
at the Suit of the Common Wealth on four Bonds due to Ross & 
Thompson; I gave him notice of the same upon which he called 
on me, as the Bonds where given for Lands sold to him ; I re- 
quested to see his Bill of sale, & found by it, that the Lands h# 
purchased where Located in the Name of John Dunn & Robert 
Mitchell ; & by my return to Council yon will find that 150 acres 
were sold to Abdol M. Clure, being part of the Lands Located in 
the Name of John Dunn. I give this notice that no Deed may 
issue for the same. 

I also wish you to mention that a great number of people are 
settling on the Lands, over the Allegany River, within the Bounds 
of this State } as soon as I heard of it, I immediately issued a 
Warrant directed to the Sheriff to apprehend such as he could get, 
& in case of resistance, to call on the Commandant at this post, 
who promised me to give such assistance as the Sheriff might stand 
in need of; as the Assembly is now sitting, something ought to 
be done immediately, otherwise in a short time the Lands will be 
settled, notwithstanding all I can do, or order to be done. 

I have made inquiry agreeable to order of Council, respecting 
the Claim of Major Craig, & find that the Commanding Officer theui 
had orders from General Gage to demolish the Works and sell the 
Ruins of the Garrison; which he did, & that Ross & Thompson be- 
came the purchasers. I imagine that the best Testimony that can 
be had will be General St. Ckir & General Hand. I think that 

* See page 149. 
Vol X.— 19 


OeDeral St. Clair moniioned to me that tbey were sold by tbe oon- 
aent of Mr. PeDn, & General Hand was the person who sold theni| 
but Q", whether the Crown had not a right to demolish any of their 
works & sell the Ruins at that time in any part of her AmerieAO 
plantation ; this I leave to better Judges. I wish you also to in- 
form me by the first opportunity^ whether debts due to the Common- 
wealth by Confiscation will come under the same Law as debta 
Between private persons before January, seTenty-seven, as all the 
debts due to Ross, are before that period. 

I wish Mr. Trimble, by the first opportunity, to send me the laws 
of the two last sittings of Assembly. 

I have the Honor to be 

Tour very H'ble Serv't, 


Genl. Armstrong, March llth, 1785, Pittsburgh. 

Lt. Col. Josiah Harmab to Pres. Dickinson, 1785. 

Fort Mcintosh, April 2nd, 1785, 

I have the honor to enclose to your Excellency and the Honor- 
able CouAoil, a monthly return of the Pennsylvania Troops in the 
Service of the United States, dated the first instant. 
^ I have the honor to be, 

with the highest esteem and respect, 
your Ezcellencys & The Honorable Councils, 
most h'ble. & obcd. Servt. 

Lt. Col. Comd. 1st Amn. Regt. 

His Excellency, John Dickinson, Esqr., president & The Honom- 
ble The Supreme Executive Council Pennsylvania. 



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MoNS. Db Marbois to Pres. Dickinson, 1785. 

A PhUadelphie le 4 Avril 1785. 
Je Buis sar le point de me rendre 2tNew York pour raider prds 
da Gongres. Je proposerai k cette assemblee los mesures k prendre 
poor que le seryice du Consulat de Philadelphie ne soit pas inter- 
rompu par mon absence, et j'aurai I'honneur d^informcr Votre Ex- 
oellenoe de ce qui aura ^t^ arr6te« 

Permettez qu^en prenant cong^ de youb, Monsieur, et du Gonseil 
Supreme Ez^ntif de Pensylvanie, j'ezprime ma reconnoissance de 
Tappui que j'en ai recu dans Texercise de mes fonctions consulaires* 
Je m'empresse aussi a reconnoitre lea avantages qui en out result^ 
pour le Commerce entre le Royaume et I'Etat de Pensjlvanie et 
pour le maintien de I'ordre parmi les Navigateurs fran9ais; Tattache- 
ment dont vous faites prefession aux principes de notre alliance et 
les preuves frequentes que vous m'en av^z donnas ne me permettent 
pas de douter que Voire Excellence ne f&sse tout ce qui sera en son 
pouYoir pour oonsolider I'union des deux Nations en continuant k 
accorder sa protection k un commerce r^iproquement utile. 
Je suis avec respect, 

Monsieur, de Votre Excellence, 

le tr^ humble et tr^ ob^issant serviteur. 
Son Excellence 
Monsieur le President de TEtat de Pensjlvanie. 

Timothy Taylor to Pres. Dickinson, on Case of Vickers, 


Newtown, April 5tb, 1785. 

I have seen Collonal Wall since I was with Council, he says he 
Cannot attend 'till some time next week when he means to attend, 
(if health Permits). I should be glad that Council would Postpone 
their Determination on the aifair of Solomon Vickers* till that time 
I thought it might be of some use for Council to know the time 8* 
Vickers was apprehended, as it was not mentioned in our Petition } 
the enclosed, will Determine as he was taken the Day of the Date of 
8^ Precept, and if there is a Reward to be given I contend that no 
Person has so good a Right as myself as I Look upon myself to be 
the Principal means of his being apprehended and Likewise of con- 
fineing his Brother Jessee who made the first Discovery. 
I am with sincere Respect 

yours & the Publicks well wisher. 

To The Honorable John Dickinson, Esquire, Philadelphia. 

♦ S€e Vol. IX., p. 601, 614, 616. 


Backs, S8. Subpoena Elisabeth Kieth and Catherine Vanpelt, to 
P - -1 appear Forthwith before me at Newtown, to give Evidence 
I- '*^ in Behalf of the State against Soloman Vickers now con- 
fln'd in goal on Sospition of Gommiting a misdemeanour in Break- 
ing into the house of the said Elisabeth Kieth on the night of the 
18th of Jaly last, given under my hand and seal, August 3d, 1782. 

To the Constable of Newtown. 

Sbcretary of Forsion affairs to Prb8. Dickihbon, — 
Amer. BiSHOPy 1785. 

Office for foreign Afiairs, 81st March, 1785. 

I have the Honor of transmitting to your Excellency a Copy of a 
Letter from Mr. Adams to the President of Congress, of the 22d 
April, 1784, and of a Letter to Mr. Adams from Mr. de S^ Saphorin 
of the 2lBt April, 1784, together with a Copy of the Paper referred 
to in the latter. 

Yoar Excellency will perceive from these Papers, the Bishops of 
Denmark will confer holy Orders on American Candidates, without 
any Tests which (like those insisted on in England) would be 
improper for Americans to comply with. 
I have the Honor to be 

with great Respect yonr Excellency's 

Most obed't & very h'ble Serv't, 

To His Excellency The Governor of Pennsylvania. 

No. 1. 
Hon. John Adams to Prssidbnt of Congress, 1784. 


The Hague, April 22d, 1784. 

I received sometime since a Letter from an American Gentleman 
now in London, a Candidate for Orders, desiring to know, if Ameri- 
can Candidates might have Orders from Protestant Bishops on the 
Continent, and complaining that he had been refused by the Bishop 

* See Vol. IX., p.601. 

t See Col. Ree., Vol. XIV., p. 899. 


of London and the Aroh-Bisbop of Canturbory, unless he would 
take the Oaths of Allegiance, &o^.* 

Meeting soon aftem^rds the Danish Minister, I had the 'Gnrionty 
to inquire of him, whether Ordination might . be had in Denmark. 
He answered me that he knew not, but would soon inform himself. I 
heard no more of it untill to Day, when the Secretary of his 
Embassy Mr. De Rosenkrantz, made me a Visit, and delivered me 
the Papers, Copies of which are enclosed. 

Thus it seems that ^hat I meant as current Conversation only, 
has been made the Subject of Deliberation of the Government of 
Denmark, and their Faculty of Theology, which makes it necessary 
for me to transmit it to Congress. I am happy to find the Deoisioa 
so liberal. 

I have the Honor to be, &c., 

(Signed,) JOHN ADAMS. 

To Hb Excellency Thomas Mifflin, EsqV, Preside of Congres. 

No. 2. 
Mr. de St. Saphorin to Hon. John Adams, 1785. 

Mr. de S* Sapborin has the honor to communicate to Mr. Adams 
the answer he has received from Hb Excellency the Count de 
Bosencrone, Privy Gounoellor and Secretary of State for foreign 
affairs of His Danish Majesty, relative to what Mr. Adams desired to 
know. He shall be happy if this answer should be agreeable to 
him, as well as to his superiors, and usefal to his fellow Citizens. 
He has the honor tb assure him of his Tespect. 

(Signed,) DE ST. SAPHORIN. 
Hague, 21st April, 1784. 
The preceding taithfally translated from the Original, by 


No. 3. 
Copy of an Extract of a Letter from His Excellency the Count de 
Bosencrone Privy Counsellor of His Majesty the King of Denmark, 
to Mr. de S^ Saphorin Envoy Extraordinary from His Majesty to 
the States Genend. 

The opinion of the Theological Faculty having been taken on the 
question made to your Excellenoy by Mr. Adams, If the American 

* Afterwards Bishop White who, with Bishop Provost, was consecrated in 
England, Feb. 4, 1787. See accoant of it in Reg. of Penn'a, Vol. III., p 
406. See CoL Rcc, Vol. XIV., p. 899, 084. 


Ministers of the Church of England can be consecrated here by a 
Bishop of the Danish Church ? I am ordered by the King to aatho- 
rise you to answer, that such an apt can take place according to the 
Danish Rites, but for the convenience of the Americans who aro 
Bupposed not to know the Danish language, the Latin language will 
be made use of on the occasion, — for the rest, nothing will be ex- 
acted from the Candidates, but a profession conformable to the 
articles of the English Church, omitting; the Oath called Tuit^ which 
prevents their being Ordained by the English Bishops. 
The preceding translated f&ithfully from the original, by 


Prks, Dickinson to Gov, Clinton, op N, Y., 1785, 

In Council, April 6% 1785. 

Your Letter of the 11*^ of last Month,"*^ with tho Indosure, we 
immediately communicated to the General Assembly of this Com- 
monwealth, and now have the Honor of transmitting the Copy of an 
Act passed by them for ascertaining our common Boundary. 

David Rittenhouse & Andrew Porter, Esquia's, are appointed by 
us Commissioners on the part of this State. 
I am, with great Regard, Sir, 
your most obed* serv*, 

His Excellency Gov' Clinton. 

Prbs. Dickinson to Minister of Unijed Njbthsrlands, 


In Coundl, April 6^, 1785. 

Your late journey to New York prevented our acknowledging sooner 
tho Receipt of your Letter of the 20^ of February last :t And we now 
flatter ourselves that the steps that have been taken, will prevent 
any further uneasiness upon the affair. 
I have the Honor to be, 

with the sincerest Esteem, 

Sir, your most obed*, hble. serv*, 

The Minister of the United Netherlands. 

* See page 422. f See page 416. 

t Col. Reo , VoL XIV., p. 899 


Bbturn of Public Stobbs in County op Washington, 
8 1786, 

A Belarn of the pabliok Stores in the Coanty of Washington. 

Yis. 50 Mosanets, 

40 Pooohes, 
29 Coats, 

8 Waistcoats, 
23 Shirts, 
10 pair Shoes, 

7 Blankets, 
29 Hatts. 
26 pair Overalls, 
67i^*» lead. 

I do Certify that the above Return is Just. Given under my 
hand this 7*^ day of April, 1785. 


Lieu* W. Co'y. 

Bbturn of Officbbs of Militia in County of Washing- 
ton, 1786, 

A Return of Officers for Such Districts as Neglected or Refused to 
Elect, at the last General Election for Officers in the County of 
Washington, Viz. ; 

8« Battalion— 

Robert Park, Captain, No. 2, ) 

David Gault, Lieu*, [• Elected [ 86 privates. 

Alexander Ralston, Ensign, ) 

William Scott, Captain, No. 8 1 ^ 

Samuel Buohanon, Lieu* v Nominated, y 82 privates. 

John Scott, Jun^ Ensign. . ) ) 

A'^ Battalion— 

WiUiam M'Farlane, Cap*, N* 2 ) 

James Tucker, Lieutenant, v Nominated. [- 75 Do. 

Caleb Baldwin, Ensign. ) 

I do Certify that the above is a true return. 


L* W. Co'y. 
April V\ 1785. 



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Pennsylvania archives i785. 


A Return of the Company Officers Elected in the second Battalion 
Northumberland County Militia^ Commanded by Lieutenant ^Col. 
James Morrow. 


1 Joseph Alexander 

2 John Wheeler, 

8 Wm. Montgomery, 

4 John Nilson, 

5 John Martin, 

6 Charles Clark, 

7 Richard Martin, 

8 Robert Smith, 

,Oeorge Headman, 
Daniel Goodman, 
James Lemon, 
George Hammond, 
John Clark, 
Alexander Dickson, 
Hamilton Armstrong, 
John Eason, 

Francis Malone, 
Garrit Vancamp, 
Andrew Cochran, 
Aaron Hemrod, 
John McMahon, 
Willm. Case, 
Thomas Pollock, 
Daniel Vincent, 

I do Hereby Certify the above to be a just abstract from the 
returns gave me by the Colonels. 

WM. WILSON, Lieut. North. Co. 
April 24th, 1785. 

A Return of the Company Officers Elected in the third Battalion 
of Northumberland County Militia, Commanded by Lieutenant Col. 


1 Peter Grove, 

2 Thomas Foutner, 
8 Corn's Walldrum, 

4 Robert Flcmming, 

5 Willm. Hammond, 

6 John Surdder, 

7 WUlm. McGrady. 

Robert Hamilton, 
Samuel Jiles, 
Joseph Wickoff, 
Alexander Mahan, 
Willm. Jones, 
Jacob Coliincr, 
Braton Caldwell, 

John Love, 
Willm; Walker, 
John Robb Junr., 
Andrew Boss, 
Willm. Winters Jr., 
Peter Sydles^ 
John Cledinin, 

I do Hereby Certify the above to be a Just abstract from the re* 
turns gave me by the Colonels. 

WM. WILSON, Lieut, N. County.