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Vol. V, 

Ituala l^umiiut : 





No, 1, SuPT, 18. 1890. 


Com*Npoudi^n<M? * 



Notes and News -. 

TownrdM I'topia, H. 

On I>eTnutitl* without Not ice ... 


Cultivation of Lil)«mii CoHefl 
Bttv^ Httrp**r Memorial Fount*m ,. 
Plaru^ for Buupimlow tuid Store {S^tp 

CultivRtiou of Li^H^rwin CoITp* .,. 

.. U 


No. 11» FbB. 5. 

No. 2, Oct. 2. 

Notes juid \>w!i 


Xotett &nd N^wi ... 




8.O.R. Athletic Sporti 

.. 84 

Chriiitnuii Tmil for Chitdnm .„ 


(i^'mlchjiiia MtN'tiiig 


Locml Sport 

8.P.A. Oi'nenil Meeting. Jwi «3 


Cultivation of Libi^riftn CJoffe© ... 



Crieket : Ifelimgor tf. Singapore.,, 


Ko« 3, Oct. 16. 

Notea and rit'WH 


No. 12, Feb. 10. 

Cricki't in Titiiwnff 


NotOH and Xews ., 


Cultivftlioii ot Lib«*riaii Collee ... 


Uut with EnKincHprH > 


CotTPspondtiict* : Cycling 


Views nf a Dnpamrr 


S.P.A. Annual IE<^l>ort, 18M 


No. 4, Oct. 30, 

Notes mdNewa .., 


No. i:i, Mabch 3. 

Cttlleoting wid Ftmanrbm IomccU 
Cnltivfttkm of Ubeiian Coffte ... 

,. 57 

Xul** and X*^w» 


.. in 

The Diamond Jnbilee , 


MulayCubtoms: Card^faim^ 


No. 5, Nov, 13. 

Note* B-nd Newi ,,. 

.. 63 

No. IK March 19. 

Chin*^e JnttinfM .,. 
Diltjvutioiif»f Liberian CoHee .. 

,. 72 

Xotjft* Mid News , 



New C*ov^mm<nd 0ffi06»,.. 


Some Ac>quuintaQoea 

. 5^4 

No. 6» Nov. 27. 

Th«» Waturbanoe .. 


Notf>M and Nt^wji ... 


LoL-alHport .., 


H.E. CN1 Belimffor .. 

.. m 

Cultivttlioii of Ul>erJan Coflet? 


No. 15, April 2. 

Noteit and NewM .. ,,. 


No, 7, Dkc. 11. 

RW.IX Dinner ,. 


Notes aad News ,.. 

.. m 

Am Ekphant Kraalin C<^>'lon 


Cricket : KaJmik v. Sunvei ttjon^ 
Cultivation of LibGdon Coffc^e .. 

.. IQH 

.. IfJd 

No, 16, ApaiL 15. 

Kntes and New» ... 


No, 8, Dec. 23. 

Local fiport 


Notes and Xew« 

.. 113 

Opening of th<j New Offices 

. ftAS 

School E3wminatjori» 

.. lao 

Loml B^jorl 

., 12a 

No. I7p Apeil 30. 

Tlie Amatt'iir Tjidv I>K"tor 

.. im 

Notoii and New* 


t]om!*»pondt''npe : CofTey Pliinting: 

.. 127 

The Riice« ... 


Eitale Books {SupphtHtn4t) 

Flautem ,. 


No. 9, Jan. 8, 1897. 

No. 18, May 14. 

Not*a and NttWM 

.. 139 

Nottis and Nt5WB ., 


Samaritan ScK'iety 

.. 134 

Th« New Incinerator , , 


Vieloria Iimtitutiou 

.. IM 

1 u Bef onoe of t h i^ J ii n i^lc . . 


Cultivation of Lihcrian Coffee ., 

.. 141 

Mr. Bireh in Tampiti nod Rouibau 


Cam'fipond^^neot St. Mary*« Chtueh . 

.. 14t 

No. 19, Mat 28. 

No. 10, Jan. 22. 

Not«j and N#»ws 


Xoti?!s and Nt?w* .,, 

.. 14S 

&L<lau|eor vrrnmt Sc^itht^ra lodiii 


IxMTil Sport 

.. 143 

TmditioiuN of Uln Lanptat 

. tm 

'* Bombftsti?«.«p4o.diit*i " , 

.. im 

LaHt Military Kieeutioii in Ceylon 



.. W7 

ComM,]>ondeno« : Rail Jail, l»tttt 




No. 20, June 11. 

Xotm and News 313 

Crtckot : Pemk v. SelanKor 323 

8akei Tribes in SeUmfcor 325 

Diamond Jubilee ProfO'Hnime {Sup- 

No. 21, June 25. 

Notes and New8 331 

Dnunond Jubi lee Ct'lebration 333 

Plan of Parade Ground (Supplement) 

No. 22, July 9. 

Notes and NewH 351 

8.F.R. Competition Drills 390 

Sakei Tribes in Selancor 361 

Correspondence :" An Outsider " ... S6G 

No. 23, July 23. 

Notes and News 367 

The Late Captain 8yerH 372 

Retrenchment! 37ff 



.. -370 

t<akei Tribes in Bolangor 

.. 378 

No. 24, Aug. 6. 

Notofiand News 

.. 383 

Sakei Tribes in Kelangor 

.. 3P2 

No. 26, Aug. 20. 

Notes and Newt) 

.. ;«9 

Some Cycling Touts 

Sakei Tribes in Selangor ... 

.. 407 

.. 413 

No. 26, Sep. 3. 

Notes and News 

.. 415 


.. 420 

Our Out-Stations 

.. 423 

Currency and Exchange 

.. 424 

On Exercise 

.. 426 

MalaT Customs : Tonsure Ceremony . 

.. 429 

Sakei Tribes in Selangor 


A Valediction 

.. 432 


An Elpp^ant Kroat in iVvton, 240 

\«»i«. 167 

A Vftledietioiu UK 

■* Hotiil>iii4t4'N.ii}j-to date," IK* 

€'hiiit*sf JoMiniCH^ 72 

Cbratinns Tii^t for the Child ivn, IW 

Orickt't and other Fi-sitivitit*** iu T»LiJt?ii(r, ^t. 

fnhivittioti of Liiiemii UolT^r, 1L 5SW, ♦*• lU. 

74, in. If «t. HI 
Curtvtioy »iid KirkHnun^, 4tl 
*lymkhun» Mt^Hinff. ^'"5 

HinU on CnUeclinir Jiiid Frt'?*<"i"viti^ InH*-rU, 

III Di*feiiw of thf Jntifilt'. 21H 
Kujaiix »'* l!5nim?ei Ujonr, ItlH 
lyK-ml Kporl, i:dJ, 14.H. 171 . 2^. X^-iil 
Mdliiy t'lLitniiis in St'luii^oi', tflci. 
.^Ir. Birch m Tumpiii und Rembuil. 2R1 

N«^w Iiunui-nit^ir, 2^ 

"Oil DiMiiiuid. Wiihmit STotiw/' 1) 

(>ii ElflTL-«i. |a,t 

Upt^ninir of the N>w OBJot». 45^ 

(JiirOut-SralifKis 423 

Out with KiwimTM, l«7 

Pentk f. Skdmijcnr, .'K-'l 

Pl;«wtiM>i, 27 i 

F.W.R Dinii*'!', Ti.*« 

flunik'. 137 

HtrtrtTU'liiiieiil, 373 

Kiki-i Tri)M-, m Seknfiu', .135. .Itl, .'t??*. Sie, 

41 ;k t.'M 
Stiinutilau SnM?Jel>% 1»* 
8choc4 Kiaiiiintttioiiv. 13iJ 
Seli&iiiror Flaritf*^' AsMK-ifltion, 17a> ll*i! 
i!M*k*iKor r. Sinicapopp, 17(1 
H^liuiKt>r I-. BoiLiitlifrii India, IVVi 
S,F.B, AiHiiiairomiR^titlnii l>iill%»,j«r 
Some A wiu»i 11 taint's, 'iii 

t\vchiiiir Toun*. ml 

Thi* Diivraond Juhih't% 2fk3 

— Ctilt'tmition, IV^i 

Tlw Dwtu^batlct^ ^5 

The I*i4pl>ui,87il 

The I*H-«t Militiiry Kxwution in Ci^vloti, ^l* 

The Late L^iptiaii Sveiii. :J7S, 3*1 

The R«H^. 1270 

Townrda tJtnpia, II., 7 

TmditifviiH oiVhi UtiiKat, :ki«ft 

Virtnriii Imtitnticm, ^M 

ViifWHof n DpfflniiiT, Iflu* 

" An nutHider." :kvi 
ColTi't' f hintinif. 127 

(JulliVfihoi] of Lil:M>mn CofTi^*, liWl 

CycUuff, 48 

Rainfall . lNtM!,Hli 

(^t<^vf Ilatper MeBiorutl Fotnitain, UI9 

St. Mary »€?hniTh, 1+4 


AMhanlt^t-Arm.^, IM, lil7 

Billiards, WmrnidJi Hamlimp, HeliuiKor 
Club, 4; HaiidiL'ttp. Hi-laiijror Cluh. 21«. 
232. ^m, sm, SHS; lljwidw'np, L«ltf I'hib. 
352, JWl 

Cricket, Limit. Leach's, XL r*. Pi«rak. 4^; 
Kjijan»r t\ S. I'jong, <VK ItiH I Ft^mk t% 
8t>lanienr, tflKt, SitH; Ht^tanKm' rv Hinpnipoie. 
117. 17S. IHS ; Iinjiwiveinent to Piteh, KH. 
1^5. 13:t. 40 » ; Pii^n tat ions t>y Mi-. RadKtM- 
for Battinjr&tid Bowlln»t Awrain*8, :t13i 

Cmt^odih^, (J7. m 

Cvohof, 4"*, 4<l7 

PmitlMtll, Aiiphcatioti forGronud hy Asiatic 
Tt^ui, llH; 5th PiiHjlie™ p, Penik, 4a ; 
Pauper Ilospitnl v. AiiiatiC4, lil4, *M7 : 
Pt^rnk r. «inKMlK»nv l^); »,F.B. r. The 
WorW, 2l»M: iSelimir)! fllub ft. f»«ideH, 4t», 
?ii3 ; S^lnniciiv Clut> i*. Rumu^my V Ti>Ani, 
«a; 8*'kiig*>r Cluh r. H.M.H, Afacriftf, 

' Rodieer Chnl|pii|rt' Cup. Klinnir. *►. 

K* Luiupm', Ml\ K. KmNi r. K. Selaniipor, 

;Sit7: Pauper llL*pital p. AnintitM. 3el7 
Oolf, Moiithl.v Medal Handii^p.^l ; Petaliutr 

Liuk<<, P^t; l^dii-M' Hiiiuliiitp, tiiSii 
f^nide Gmuuil luiproveHit'iiti>» PH*, 19'*, L'tt 
lUeiiiir Nori^, HH, 171, ^28, ituti 
RuilwHV CfVinkhiuiA. 5, 25 

. H(>aris, .1. 84, *«> 

RiUp AinM>rjitiiiii " At Home/' 4» 21 ; Annual 

RfpciH. liW ; Annual M^'lmie, 12J ; Cby 

Pim'Ofi 8hc¥>tiu)r, 3A(E. ;kiH 
Hporlnat K. Kelanffor, VUi i at the Helan^i 

Club, 403 
Thf^ Dinmond Jubilep OvuikJiann, .^»n 

— — - — Six^rt>», *», Sia 

The R«MH^, 270 

Tiiterat Biitii Cavix 31H; at Taiiipiii, 14fi 

Turf Cluh ComtuittLv Met'iiuK^ titi 


Alenttiider, Mr. K* M., Departure of, 231 

Aniat<<in' L.Ady DiH*tor» ISiV 

Anuiuil Kiititnatt^, S^K-laij^or, 88 ; N(*f|ri 

Ht'iiihilim, UM\ 
Anuiml EefKirtM, iiupw«*«ti{iiiH iv^i-dinir, 2:51 
" ,1ji Outj<idi*r/'.'K5« 
"A, K. \\r 4*J 
Aw(ault^f.Arjf3A. im,. Pt7 
•' Al flonie ■■ «! the Hfsidenrv, 1». 113, 8.11 

^^^^^^ A Vnlf^d U-\ ion . 431 

Horp^^r, Mn t^toTC, Di^arh of. ift^niortril to, ^^^^| 

^^^^H Hilljai-tlh, FvramidA Hundi^Ap, 8t'kniroi' 

ei. 'Xt, 5<1. l»). L'tL b^i. IH.') ^^^H 

^^^H t'tiib, i; }1timdiCftp. BtMmiKOi' Club. 21H. 

H.JC. nn SeLur)coi. tNV ^^H 

^^^H <^-{3. 96S, S2$S, 2li8 ; HAOdlcttp, I^k<> CliiU, 

K.K. tho IliKh Coniiiii.^iniior. ViHJt ol, 17 ^^^^H 

^^^H .VM, ^^1 

Hintmni Cone(<lin|f nnd Piv^^'rvinr Jn>»t^c'l*i. ^^^H 

^^^H Biroh.Mr. E. W.. in N<^i S<>nibilnn, 1R§, 


^^^H 2LS,^l 

H.M.H. Porpohr, Vinit nf, 17 ^^^1 

^^^^H " Bonibaat<»-iip4o-clftte/' 191^ 140 

IXurth. yiiTH,, i>eath of, S3 ^^^1 

^^^^B Hnkit Kytit, 1N7 

f n Defence of ihe Jungle, 'i&l ^^^H 

^V CwrdCiMUi's, N*tiTi\21i> 

ln-if(Qtum ill K. f^t^liin^or, 371 ^^^^H 

^H Csnjmim L Mr, O., 11 

Jumrs for Kuaia Lumpur, 52 ^^^^| 

^K CliiutJCkJ Clirij^tiiui Settlenit^ut, 1^ 

Knjan^ l% .SmiKni U jon^, Pli8 ^^^H 

^^B — JottLoRM. 72 

^H N«w Tear, 1^15 

Krtjanir Exten-<ion, ^/t.R.,. OpetiUig of, 4ft0 ^^^^| 

Elyni\ Mr. J., I^^th of, ^t ^^H 

^V Socnelarv, R^foH l»\. 354 

Kuiiln KliuiK, Fiiliimor, nil . ^^^H 

^H ~ — - Thefltm, Kni* 1 tuiiiiij.'nt lit, SOO 

KuaLi Lumpnr Rorretition Club, 18£ ^^^^| 
Luke Cbih, Ikiui-^^ \\\, Mli\ ; fJeiH'j-nl Minting. ^^^1 

^^1 Ch ris t iim Ccniet t-ry 1 J l 1 1 r -> , : i."j s 

^H Chrurmiu*, 11.1; at K.Si"UinM:«)r, KW 


^m -^ 'rrt-ri ( for 1 ho L'hi khvu , 1 i^ 

I.Axt Mibtary Kteeulion in Ct»ylon, ^'110 ^^^1 

^^B Chiimor-K. Kciimsar Line^ ^17 

LawyerM, AdmisMion of. lUI ^^^^| 

^H Chnrdi Blalltra. Mt^tiivjirri'. n:> 

LilM'i inn CoITlmi*. Bale of, Cin^nlar Letter it^ ^^^^| 

^H Church \Vor)t yls.KO(^iiitifin, !*ni, 2in 

irardin^. tm ^^^^| 

^^1 Ciit ulnr lo Pkinti-n*, sm 

Lifter. Tho lion. M., Jk^\h of, 318, iiBS ^^^1 

^^H Coffin, Nalivo-icrown, 37t>, :C1 ; PUmhxi^. 

Miiekexi7,<«, CaptHin, (18 ^^^H 

^H 127, 1^); ShiKli^for, .'{tp 

Mil lay CiiJitom-i in HekiDgon SU>. 4SB ^^^H 

^^L Crirkft^ Lknt. Leach '» XI. i^. Pomk, 4l> ; 

,1f rr /o // J/i] f7 , Ml. 1 1 7 ^^^H 

^^^^H KAJnriir r. H. V}ontc, ^l liM : Wmk r. 

Mnlay Puninank i:alTec Co.. ^H ^^^H 

^^^^V U7, US. l!<i ; I'l^itentuliim by Mr. Kculftfr 

McGowan, Mr., Ik'nth of, l£tl ^^^H 

NVtT Govejimi«-nl Olliecit, 21B ^^^H 

^^^^^* for Ikittiim ifcdd BowlifiK Aven^Xf^, WQ 

Xew hiDinoi-iitor, ^hd ^^^^H 

'*Oii l>emnnd. Without Notie<>,"$l ^^^^H 

^^L %m 

On Kii^rcisi', l2it ^^^^H 

^^^^ Cro(^dilt>f » (>T, ^5 

Gperiitiff of the New OIUee», SfiS ^^^H 

^^^^H CiillivRliou <»f Liberkn Co{!«>e— Ft-lbn^. 

Onr OiJt^tulkins,42» ^^^H 

^^^^^H HuriiiiifT^ LiiiitiKp ^lolin^ nm\ Filliiiir» 11 ; 

Ont with Enf^ine^iH, 187 ^^^H 

^^^^H^ PItihtiiiir find Khiidinir, 14; Wefdinir, 28^ 

Fiub. iMiimpte to by BAts, 175 ^^^B 

^^^^^H i<tit>|^lyii]|r, IfaiidUii^" i^iiid I'ruinjiiiic, ^^; 

PhhanK Tmiik Road. 3d» V 

^^^^^H lUuimjt^, ^iMMiiiiiiiK mul VhM Blimsom. 

KandT.. Perak.ai8 ■ 
Parade Ground, root-patlis* on the, ^!t53i Im- 

^^^^^H TnH\ 111 ; tlio rii^t Croii uimI Piekkip:, iV3; 
^^^^^L tbe ?4l(>i-t^ and Curing E.itiibllsbnu nt. 74 ; 

pmvt'iaents, PW. in, 133 

Perak v. SelatiKor, miA 

^^^^^^^^H K^liiiiftto>s, IH ; Book-kei'pintc ikud Ac- 

Plan te IN, '11 \ 

^^^^^^^H count !) . iri ; Finn t f rn' .iji^c^iat ion , Pin n rem 

Port Dieksoii, Festivities nt, m 

^^^^^^^^B und MinorM, li>& ; Govftiiinirnt, 1 11 ; Con- 

PiYulnce Prolt'clinn Mn&ctnK'ot, A'.JS. 

^^^^^^ ft lis ion, 14v1 

Il0t*fif(t on t ht\ m 

^^F rulUva.Hnn of Lit^pnnn Cofftw, letter^ to 

P.W.D, Dinner, 232 

^H i:ditoi% 127. liUl 

Queen 'JH Birthtlay, 2»7 
Iliwini? Notes, 148, 17L 838. 25« 

^^1 C^inviu^y nnd Kjich^n^cr* 4^ 

^^1 I'vt'linir, 4H, 4^17 

Ilailway Conjitniotion, 385 

^H iiiiimund JuhiW<. Ili7. IW. 2i)2. 204, ^7^ HIJI, 

^ Gynikhima, fi. 25 

^H .117. rm 

^^H DiMturl>Atiiv, The, 22^ 

Timetable, ll*i>l. :ii4l 

^H Divnlj Fc^tiviiLll7. 

Rainfall l^Mt, MH 

^H lKj»f ICiffiNtrntion, llf», 1441 

llaiu, h^X 117 ; iu Jebdai, 1^; In Paluinir. l(Ki 

^H Iinrbrir. Tlii^, :SAi!. a70 

Ramfe, 71. 157 

^^1 Hdinl>r>i'i' EntnU'. tvi, Hli 

R«idl.od^: VLnit of R.W.D.G.M.,»); In- 

^H E d iicti 1 icm VoiU\ H. S, . %i 

fltallation Slex^ting, M, CI ; aH^^nttion of 

^^B KIiTtrk- bifrht for K. LuiTipur, 0$, M 

By- laws, tW ; Daiut} fiven by,, 2y7 

^^1 Elt{»hHti1 Kninl in Ci'ylon, 2U» 

Roko, Jonmey to, KMJ 

^^B Kiimt^^^ii lv-<1tite^ 1l^{ 

iLfMidiMit^G^ntml, Daiiee (fiven by* tW, 351 

^^H Ekirof^'imti in Ihi' Eiunt, ^liD 

H<' [ rt*ne}i nien t . .175 

^^H Flr<tnan, Lrftvr'from l!iUtnrof« ffi& 

RilW AvMJt'tation " Al Konie," 4, 21; inncial 

^H FUmi't iiiul M Vi:jf, M 

ReiM>rr. iniJ; .Annual M<?etin|t. 12.1; Clay 

^^1 iMMiUnnrKM. Tim^ for. £3 

Pi«eon Sbootinif, :m, 3® 

^^L F^xlKftLK III 1 ffNMiitflhy AkEkUc 

Riot in K. Lump\n', 225, 250 

^^^^H Ttfim. b-M, 'ti.. . j-<-nii, 'IV. ISU; 

RodgtT, Mm. Olid Mi?**. Departim? for 

^^^H K.F.B. r. Tho World, l rr Chib 

Rohwn. J. H, M., Eesijjfitation, of. W 

^^^^p t\ r;nidi^. 4r>. H.-.; Selui . R4imii- 

^^^^^^ vmmv'H Tfnm« h5; Htlttn^dri iiui r. il^M.H. 

Sakei Tribes in StdanRor, .T25. i-JiJl, »78, 3i<"i. 

^■^ ,)/tfrr/7y, 12J 

413. VTtf 

^H l(ua>>n1U llodK^r Chill l^iifffi Clip. Klanx r. 
^^H K. Lumpur, thi-, K. Kubn r. K, Sclangor, 

Sanwiritau Swiety, 115, 131. 134,149. :^ 

8findei>on, Mr. C. E, F., eleotwl VicM?.lV3«i- ^^^M 

^^1 ,%7 ; Pnup'r HoHpilsil r. Asiiitic^, 3<J7 

dt5nt, Hehniriir Cbih, 26<}: Tm^^tif, ^^^^| 

^^H GirPN KrluKti Exriniinnlion, P2,*t 

Vietoria Invtitnte. SUi ^^^^M 

^H CfOir, Monthly >1 cd&l Hmidit>ttp. il : Pi^tiillnfr 

Sehoijl Kxaminaiioni;, Vhi ^^^H 

^^H Link^. b>i:* Didit'^' linndloiip, ,1»K 

Spcirtj, 3f)0 ^^B 

^^^1 (rMlkirdN nf JbiiiiMir, 14>'> 

fii^biiifor Amaiet^rii. lai ^^^H 

^^1 Ovrnkhajui MiH^tijut. ^ 

St^litiiKor Chib Cominit1«H' MtHHiiif^, 4, !», ^^^M 

^H |tMrp<'r. Mr. A. W., Dralh of. t<H 

U!>. Uili. l«i, W, 2m, iM. 332, 3il«,400- ^^H 


General Meeting, 09, 200; Half-yearly Re- 
l>ort, 240 : Alleratioiw and Inipi*oveinonts 
to. 100. 284, 401 ; Smoking Concert at. 100, 
2(»; Moonlight Band at. 51. 367. 4<H): 
Sportalat, 402 ; Danee at. 100, 417 

Selangor Ilhitttrated. 102 

8elangor 3Iuseuni Committee 3Ieetings. 0. 
85. 118, 203. 240, 284. 319, 355. 388; Letter 
by Committee. 216; Report by Curator, 
Perak Museum. 32«) 

Selangor, New Map of, 106 

Selangor Observer^ 147 

Selangor Plnnters' Association, Notice of 
3Ieeting, Sept. 10, 7 ; Minuten, Sept. 26, 
41 ; Notice of Meeting, 71 ; Minutes, Nov. 
21, 87; Minutes, Jan. 23. 173; Minutes, 
Feb. 20, 203; Minutes. May 15, 301 : Anniutl 
Report, 192 ; Address to Resideut-Geueral, 

Selangor v. Singapore, 176 

Selangor v. Southern India, 303 

S.K.B. Church Parade, 98; Smoking Con- 
cert, 117; Exhibition Drill, 282; Competi- 
tion Drill, 350. 378 

Skeat, Mr. W., Sakei Vocabulary by, 82 

Some AcrniaintanceM, 224 

Spooner, Mr., Departure of, 352 

SportM at K. Selangor, 133 

St. Mary's Church, 144 

Straifg Chinese Magazine, 251 

Syei-s, the Late Captain, 372, ;j«4 

Tampin, Trial by Ordeal in. 31K) 

Telephone Exchange, 97 

The Races, 270 

Tiger at Batn Caves, 310; at Malacca, 146 

Tonsure Ceremony, Malay, 429 

Towards Utopia, 7 

Traditions of Ulu Langiit. 305 

Turf Club Committee Meeting, 86 

Tumey, Mr. C. H. A., Resignation of, 281 

United Planters' Association, 274, 401 

Vagrants, 132 

Victoria Institution, Prize Distribution at, 

102,136; Prize List. 123 
Views of a Dreamer, 190 
Venning, Mr. A. B., elected Vice-President, 

Lake Club, 264 ; Departure of, 383, 416, 4120 
Von Donop, Mr., as Chairman of Miuieum 

Committee, 388 
Watson, Mr. R. O., departure of, 181 
Welch, Dr. and Mrs., Departure of, 399 
Wellford, Mr. J., Death of, 263 
Widows and Orphans Fund, 356 
Yap Loong Chiu, Marriage of, 50, G7, 130 


No. L— Vol. V.—lSth Sepiemhtv, IS96, 


TTIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR in ex])tH*W to arrive at 
T± Klan^ early to-morrow morniii*^, and to reach Kuala Lumpur 
J at B a.m. Tho Hon. Martiu Lister, British Resident, Negri 

Sembilan, will an-ive in Kuala L am pur to-morrow and Mr. W. H. 
Treacher. British Resideni, Perak, on Monday. 

Me. L. C. Jackbon, the Judicial Commissioner* arrived on the 
Gth inst. A Gazdtc Extraordinary to-day unuounees his appointment, 
and brin^^s into operation the Judicial €Vinniissioner*a Regulation 
constituting his Court. H*.^ will try a murder ease in the Kuala 
Lumpur Court on Wednesday nt^xt.— — Mr. Wagnei', the Deputy 
CommiBBiottcr of Pohce, arrived nn the 7th. Captain Syers left for 

Perakou the 10th. Mr, J. IL O. Aid worth returned fri*m h>n»^ leave 

early in the week, and took temporary charge of the Kuala Selangor 
Dibtnct ill the abisence of Mr, W. D. »t?eo(t, who has lieen serioutsly ill 
with fever, hut who has now returned after a short absence at Penang. 
Mr. Aldworth yesterday proceeded tu Seremljan to act for Mr. C. E. M. 
Desbo rough, Collector of Laud Revenue, Negri Sembilaii, who g<je8 

home on leave, We hear that Mr. W. L. Ramsay, of the Chartered 

Bank, is likely to again be placed in charge of the Kuala Lumpur 
Branch. Mr. Ramsay h.^ft many frieuds in Selangor who will be glad 

to welcome him back. Mr. R. (■. Tollemache left during the week 

for Europe; he expects to be back iu three or four mouths' time. — — 
The Hon. Everard Fielding, who has lately been visiting the State, has 
aj^plied, it is said, for a grant of land in the neighbourhood of Kajaiig 
for the cuJtivatitin of coffee. 

It was with very great regret that the news l»y telegram of the 
death of Mr. Steve Harper wa« received in Kuala Lumpur on Wednes- 
day last. Previous to leaving on long leave iu May he bad not been 
well for some time, but his niiiny friends had confidently anticipated 
that the voyage and holiday at home^ would restore his health. The 
deceased officer, a comparatively young man, not much over forty, 
joined the Government service in 1880; he l>ecame a clever and ex- 
perienced i>o!ice officer, and for some years past held the post of St-nior 
Inspeetor. His sterling character and generous nature won him hosts 
of friends, and hia quiet humour and willingness at all times to contri- 
bute to the amuseineui td' others at cuueerts, etc., made him a general 


favourite. Ho was of wonderful pluck, the type of uiao from which 
our British pioneers are drawiu afraid t>f nt^iilier dauber uor discoiiifort, 
and IB the old days lie imd euiuuntend plenty of liulh. We feel sure 
that all who knev.- him will apfree with us in thinking that the Iobb of 
men of the stamp of • Tunn Steeh ' demands more than the mere tribute 
of a passing &i^4i. Muoh 8yni[»atliy is felt for Mrs. Harper and for Mr, 
A. 0, Htirper, whose other brother, Mr, A. W. Harper, is at present so 
bad that the news of hia death may be received at anj moment. 

Wk have reeeived a letter, signed *' 0b6ei*ver " who, after remarking 
that the letter of '* Out-Station** in our last issue *'was very oppor- 
tune/' and making some rather hard remarks, j^^oes on to observe 
that: "It would be interesting to know who the ladies are who take 
upon themselves to deeide what is and what is not the thing to do in 
Kuala Lutnpur, The Resident is tht^-Preaident of the Selangor Chib 
and litith he and Mrs. Rodger have i>er80iiallj ivatronised some 
ot the daiiees held there ; and it therefore seems a pieee of imijertineUi-e 
(in the fjart i>f any fine to fpn^stion the propriety of any respectable 
person attending these dauees. My advice to * Out- Station * is that 
if he gets an invitation to a da nee at the Stdangor Club, he should go, 
and if he enjoys himfielf, well that is the thing. Men in a town like 
Kuaia Lumpur bhould not Ik? parties to the i>etty jealousies and 
animosities which ever have bwn aud es^er will l>e the peculiar heritage 
of the fair sex." 

The name **f Maynard, whieh haa for many years been associated 
with the Straits 8«'ttlfnunitH and the Native States, will after October 
Iht appear in a new rombination--*' Maynard Brothers, Contractors/' 
Mr. H. O. Maynard, who is one of our pioneer contractors, having 
come to the East in 1882, has taken Mr* F. E. Maynard int4> partner- 
ship, and we wish the m-w firm i-very sueeess. They may eventually, 
we hope, furnish tlie example, hitherto we l)elieve weanling in Selangor, 
of Euroj>ean contractors able to retire from businesfl on comfortable 

Mk, Ang Sing's tender for the erection of Carriage -building 
Works for the S.G.R* has l>een accepted : the building is estimated to 
cost about m),(}Oil 

The appearance of the Parade Ground to-moiTow night promises 
to be of a moat festive character. Everyone hopes for a fine night, 
and if the wish is reahsed it will be bright moonlight; in addition, 
there will be the electric light dotted alx)ut the plain ; ** sounds of 
revelry '* and bright hghts will issue from the temporary " banqueting 


fiall" ami from tbe Solaii^or 01ul», while on tbe vacant pi»;ce of 
ground next to tbe new Gorernnient Offitcs a roundabout and a 
barrel organ, both worked bv steam — the enterprise of a priTate 
individual — will add its quota to the nierriment. There is some talk 
of ** Aunt Sally" and a sbootiug j^allerv — the "'band*' from the 
Chinese Theatre might be engaged for the ocjasion. 

Last evening there was a " Moonlight Band " in tJie Public 

There has been during the past week daily gatherings at the 
Raeecource in anticipation of to-inoiTow's meeting. 

The duties of Visiting Lady for the Samaritan Society are being 
uudertaken by Mrts. Wat kins for the month of September; Mrs. 
Highet will be Visiting Lady during October. 

H.E. The Right Worshipful District Grand Master, Sir C. B, H. 
MiteheO, o.e.M.o.. may poBsibly be prewnt on Mcoday next at the 
i-egular niouthly iiu'etiii^ <>f Rend Lndgc« Tlie election of Master for 
the ensuiug year will take place at this meeting. 

Ax official notification has \men issued that the States of Perak, 
Selangor. Negri Sembilan and Fahang wili in future be styled the 
*' Federated Malay States/' 

A SALE by auction of seven blocks of forest land will be held at 
the Kuala Lumpur Land Office on Friday, the 2ud October, at 2.:^0 
p,m. The land is situate near the Ke[M>ug Rriilway Station. Condi- 
tions of siile, plan of the land, etc., were published in the last Gatetie, 

Tendees are called for the Kevenue Farms of the Sanitary Board, 
Kuala Lumpur, for 1897 ; there are nineteen diffei-ent faiins. 

The Chinese iohabitantB of the town having in many instances 
given names of their own to the streets and roads which are different 
to the English names, there is a proiuisal to post up the names in 
Chinese characters, and so preserve a uniformity in litreet nomen- 

We are informed that on and after the let Octol>er next, the duty 
on parchment coftee will l>e calculated on two thirds (instead of three 
fourths) of the gross weight. 


The Simian gor Rifle AssociMtiuii will iiuld an " At Hnuie*'oii the 
Range on Tlmrsduy aftt»rriuoD nvxt, 24lli S«/pteuiber* at 4 o*clock, A 
tent will Iw ere<Tted and refrosbmeiits provided for the viBitors. Two 
compi^titiong will he hroiip:bt off: cme for ladies, with Moiris -tubes, at 
25 viinls rauge, f**r whirh the niomlKM*8 of the Assooiatiou are ^'iving 
two prizes*. There are already 10 entries for this, and sotue of the 
ladieti have been practisinj^ at the Morris-tube ranf^e^ and seem to l>e 
very keen on the competition. The other event ia for rapid firing, 
seven rounds in 70 seeonds, at 20t) yards, oi>eu t^j all comerB, for a 
]irize vabie J?2''), given by a menil>er of the Assoeiation. This 
])romi8es t^> la* a very interesting and open match ; 16 entries have 
already l»oi:-n sent in ; entries eloae on the 22iid inst. A lotteri- on this 
event has bet^n opeut^d at the 8elangi>r Club, to be drawn on Wednes- 
day next, The hhootiug for Dr. Travers' prize of S25 for those wIk^ 
have never won a prize in the AwHoeiation will take place on 261 h 
Septeml^er at 7 The Championship, the cloBing event of the 
season, will bo shot for on tlie 27th Septt^niber at 7 a.m. 

Mr. Hay won the 8<4aiig*rr Club Pyramids Handieap. after a 
rather editing fininh, by one ball. The roHultH of the various rounds 
were as f^dh^ws: Fi rut round Hay, Hone, Hoe, Travers, C. Glassford, 
Bligli. J. 1>. ToynbiH', A. (\ Har|>er, F. hi Maynard and Tishury, hyts ; 
Tainbuaaujy beat VV, flilmou, Nielirdai* beat Reudk% J. Glassford beat 
Cunmiing, Bonnie bi*at Thoinpnon, Day beat Hawes, H, O. Maynard 
beat W. E. Venning. Second romid - llariH^r beat Tanibusatny, Bligh 
beat Tislinry, J, OhiMnfurd Ij<'at F. E. Maynard, Hone lumt H, O. 
Maynard, Traveri 1»eat Day, C. Ohu*nford beat Biiurne. Nieholas beat 
Rfx% Hay b«U ToyulM.nn Third round J. GlaBslord had a bye, 
Nieholas having mTatehed. Hay U-at llavju'r, C, Qkssford beat Hone, 
Travern Imut Bligh, Fuurih round Hay l»eat C. Glassford, J, 
GIaiiJ«ford Uut Travers. Final -Hav bent J. Glassford. 

A Mekttno of the Contmitt4?ie of the Belangt»r Club was held on 
the 5th inntant, Mr, C. Handeriwui (Chairman), Captain Syers, Dr. 
TV»ver»i and MeHsm. Cari*y, Cui tuning, Dougah Russell and Bligh 
(SecretAry) bi»ing present. Tlie f(dlowing gentlemen wore elected 
meinbcri of thu Club: Metiers. E. F. Arnott, W. De L. Brooke, 
P. J. B. Dykes. 0. E. JansR, R. Latto, F. A, Toynljee, R. G. Walson 
and M, H. Whitley. An uppUcation by the S.G.R. officials for the 
use of the R<^a<ling Room oi the Club on the evening of the 19th 
in stunt was read and granted. 

The regular monthly meeting was held on tlie 12th instant, Mr, 
R. G, Watson. Chief MagistraU^*, Vice President (Chairman), Dr, 


Travers, and Messrs- Oarey, Cinnnitug, RiisspH, Sanderson and Bligh 
(Secretarv) iH^iiij^ present. Mr, Lt^es* was elected a uieml>er of the Club. 
A suggestion that the Selangor Club should supplv the driuke at the 
new Kecreation Club was conaidered and a committee appointed to 
report on the nmtter» ____^ 

The tenth anniversary of the opening of^the Selangor Oovernmeut 
Railway will Ix; celebrated tct-uiorrow, Saturday, 19th September, by 
Atiiletio. Sports oii the Parade Ground at 7 a.m ; a Gyuikhaoa Meeting 
on the Racecourse at 3 j>.ra. ; the Railway Department will dine 
together at 7 p.m., in a temporary building erected for the purpose 
on the Parade Ground ; a Reception will be held in the Selangor Club 
at 9 p.m. ; a CoBcert at 9-30 p.m. and a Dance at 11 p.m. ; a Smoking 
Concert in the Dining Hall at 10 p.m. ; a genenil holiday will be 
given to all Railway employes who can be spared from duty on the 
19th and to the remainder on the 2Sth September. 

The following is the programme for the Atldetic Sports, whieh are 
confined to employes of the Selangtir Government Railway i — 

1. 100 yards Flat Race— 72 entries— will be run in 7 heata and a 


2. Bicycle Race, one mile, Handicap — 9 entries. 

3. High Jump — 37 entries. 

4. 200 yards Flat Race — 59 entries — 7 heats and final. 

5. Tng-of-war between Depai*tmental Teams — 10 teams entered. 

6. Hurdle Race. 120 yard a— 55 entries — 11 h*^at8 and final 

7. Long Jump — i2 entries. 

8* Quarter mile FLit Race — 05 eo tries— 7 heatn and final. 

9. Sack Race— 50 entries. 
10. 100 yards Flat Race. Handicap for EurojK^ans— 18 entries — 

2 heats and final. 
IL Obstacle Raw — 4fl entries. 

The Gymkhana Meeting will include the following events:— 


Ladies' Nomi nation Race for all Horses that have been ridden in 
the paperchases ; catch weight 12 stone ; distance 5 furlongs ; 
entrance fee $5. Horses must be the properly of and lie ridden 
by, a member of the Paperchase Club. Prize : a bracelet. 

3. A Handicap for all Horses 15 hands and under; distance | mile, 
entrance ^5. Prize : entrance fees and a cup. 

3. A Handic-ap for all Ponieb 14 hands and under ; distance ^ mile, 
entrci.nee fee $5. Prize : entrance fees and a cup. 


4. Thread' and- need If Rat-'e, iu oostnitit'; post entries ; entrance $2. 

Prize : entninee fees, 

5. Ladiea' Driving Competition. Prize presented by Mrs. Kodger. 

6. High Jumping Com petit ion. Prize: entranw fees. 

7. Funii JuQiping Com|>e.4ition, Prize entrance fee«, 

The Concert at the Selang*>r Clul> will ]ye : — 

1. Part-Son^ 

2. Song 

3. Song 

4 Pianoforte Solo 

5. Song 

e. Song .., .,. 

7. Mandolin Solo 

8. Song 

9. Song 

10, Song 

IL Soug 

12. Part-Song ... 

O, Hush ihee, my Bahie 
Skye Boat Song 
Scotlaiid Yet 
PohfttaUe (Chopin) 

The Promise of Life . 

The Silver Cup 
Kathhen Mavonrneen . 

Dii^peneartf Doetor 
Th^ Babif on the Shore 

Oood' ft i<jh t held v ed 

H. C. Ridges. 
L. Don gal. 
Miss Stratton. 
R. W. Munro. 
Mrs. Haines. 
G. Cumming* 
a. H. D. Bourne. 
MrH. Traverw. 
A. B. HobKsaek. 
R. G. Watson, 

A HCETima of the Committee of the Selangor Museum was held 
on Wednesday, the 9th inst.^ Captain Syers (ChairiiMin), Mr. L, B. 
Von Donop (Hon. Sec.), aud Measrs, Hawes and Sanderson being 
present. The Musenm was insfjected, and the miuntes of the huit 
meeting read and eonlirmed. The snbjeet o£ a more suitable site for 
the Musenm waa again diseussed. The Curator mad».* an a|)plication 
to be placed on the Fixed Et5tabliabment. The Chairman informed 
the meeting that two eolleetors had recently returned with some 
useful additions, and had a^iin been sent out cullecting. It was 
resolved, on the reeommendatiou of the Ciiairman, that the Curator 
should visit Perak with a view to making exchangeii and purehaaes 
from the Musenm there. With reference to the balance in the hands 
of the Pahaug Treasury, the Chairman informed the meeting that he 
had written to Mr. Townley asking him t<» kindly purchase native 

The additions to the Museum during July aur] August were 
acknowledged in thr last number of the Journal, 

It was resolved that Dr. Day's book on Fifth Ix^ purchased. The 
following books of reference are now in the Museum : 
Wood's Natinral History of Man, Vols. T and II. 
„ „ * Birds, Vols. I. to III. 


CaB^seU's Natural Hifitory* Vijls. I. to VI, 
The Royal Natunil History, Vols. I. to V., R. Lydekker. 
Faiioa of British India : Birds, Vols. I. and II., E. W. Gates. 

„ Vol ni., W. T. Blaoford. 
„ „ Mammalia „ ,, 

,, Kept ilia „ G, A. Boulenger 

Rhopalocera Makvaea* in 12 parta, by W. L. DistaiiL 

A Gei^ebai* Meeting of the Belani^or Planters* Association will be 
held in the Reading Room of the Selangor Club to-morrow (Saturday, 
the 19th September) at 10.30 a.m., to transact the general business 
of the AsBOciation, and to consider any oth*n* points of which 
due notice may have l>een giyen to the Committee. Draft Agenda 
OF BtrsiN£S8. — L To read and, if approved, confirDi the minutes of 
the la«t General Meeting. — 2. To consider the following resolwtiou : 
proposed by Mr. Gibson, seeonded l>y Mr* Carey: *' That the Aaaoeia- 
tion should again address the Government on the suhjeet of sales of 
land by anetioo in the Klang and Kuala Selangor distriets, with a 
^dew to having these dbtrirth put on the same foijting as the rest of 
the Federated States where grants are given to suitalile aj*pli<.'ants/' — 
3. To consider any other points of whieh due notice may have been 





A DOG-TAX has lieen in force within the municipal limits cf 
jr^ Kuala Lumpur for the last mouth or two. Since then it has 
J been neeeysary for all d<»g8 to wear a metal liueitse plate when 

^ taking their walks abroad. We ar*^ all frightened of hydropho- 
bia* but at the same time none of us liked the old system of chaining 
our dogs np month after month, when w-e knew that, in spite of dog 
shooters* the pariahs which invest the disused mining valleys and such- 
like places Were roaming about l»y 8Ci»re8. ITudonbtedly the Knala 
Lumpur dog- tax is a step in the right direction. No longer need our 
worthy banker expect to havo his jx^t dogs shot within sight of his 
domicile. The next step is to make tliis license tax universal through- 
out the State. And the next, and to niy mind equally important step, 
is to put a stop once and for all to tlie shockiug luitth cry of stray 
or ownerless dogs which until quite recently has l>een canied out by 
people prowling about with suiders or shot guns. One would not 
object BO much to this system if they always " killed/' but. unfortu- 
nately, they don't always. In Shanghai, the Municipality of the 
English and American Settlement, which looks after the welfare of 



sme 250,000 peojilc within itBl)oiia<lariea, sets us an excellent example 
bf lienevolentv to the cuiiine race. All dogs found ahaut the city are 
eiiptmvd (not shot) by the police and taken to most eoinfortable 
kennels at one or other of thf poiiei^ stations. Here, as 1 saw myself, 
they are both well fed and well be<lded. Tben, unless elaitned wit!iiu 
BO many days, they are denjtatcbed many hundreds of miles up ionn- 
try by river steamer and then released. Tnie, tbis would hardly do 
for the tropics. What we want is a letbal ehamber in Kuala Lumpur 
Kennels might be Imilt near all cattle pounds, and the Chinese tukang- 
ayers attaehed to tlie ditferent police stations eould look after the 
dogs, which if neither sobl nor claimed within a given time might 
then be sent into Kuala Lumpur for destriielion. A well-advertised 
weekly sale at the eajatal would probably save all but pariahs of the 
deepest die. The do;^ tax revenue should be sufficient to cover all 
exjx^nses beyond the initial cost of the let lial chamber. In conservative 
England the Battersea Home is not a State institufion, but then we 
know the old eouutry is hopelessly behind her colonies in many 
developemeuts of au advanced *'iviUi5ation. 

The bachelors now in the service of the Selangor Government 
comprise two classes : ruie class who hope to marry some day and the 
other class who hoj>e they never will. To many of these gentlemen 
the Widows and Orjilmns Fund is not vastly interesting. They hardly 
see the force of sut>porting somelwdy else's wife by joining the fund 
now, and yet they kui»w that unless they undertake this Imrden at once, 
they can never enter and insure in distant days, if |)erchanee ilwj should 
suceuml> in aland where girls are both many and bonny. Tbisliy way 
of an introduction to page 822 of the second volume of Sir Charles 
Dilke's ** Prolilems of Greater Britain/* in which he tells us that the New 
Zealand Government Life Insurance Dcpurtiuent has met with an extra- 
ordinary suciess, largely accounted f<»r Ity the fat t that it advertiaes 
freely. One result of the popularity of the New Zealand office is that, 
while there are tmly 20 life policies |)er thousand of the population 
in the United Kingdom Jind in Canada, there are 80 pohcies per 
thousand of the j>o|»ulatjon in New Zealand^— the higliest number any- 
where in the wtnld. Why not introduce this new developement of 
state administration to the Federated Malay States 1^ We olitained 
our present simirle and effective R^^gistratiou of Land Titles system 
by sending an officer to visit all the Australian colonies. Here we 
have a sjdendid chance to send some poor, debilitated, overworked 
offieial off to New Zealand, [AH expenses paid]. 

Next we come to a matter affecting the Civil Service. Year after 
year the old cry Inis gou<' up. What regulates promotion 'f On what 
ground is a man to exptN:t nn increase? of salary r And the answer 
never comes. When he asks for it on the ground of long service, he 
ig told salaries an- not |)4-r8(mal, and tlmt when a higher office is va<:ant 
he will stand liis ihant'e — yet the pay of the dift'erent appointments is 
shifted ba*'k wards, and forwards without any apparent fixture at alK 
Posts which are known to be heavier and more responsible than others 
oft4?u carry less salarr. This system has its disadvantages even from 
a practical jxrint of view. Men are always hoping to get moved from 


their posts and generally are raoved prett v often — to fill acting appoiiit- 
raents. TIjib ineana in the case of BiKtrit't Otiieers and District 
Engineers that just as Ihev have work*^d up an interest in the people, 
and are Iwginning to really find out what can be done for th« place, 
they are moved on again, to go unee nioiv tlirou^h the mill of 
learninj> a new office and a new pe<iple. If these officers could only 
rise in the perviee through a systeiii of " classes*' appertaining to no 
particular postH, some of them might Ije left, say. for three years in one 
place hcft»re ljt*ing t^hanged, wliilst all the heart-bnrniug and jealousy 
now exintcnt would Ik* nmteriallv lessened. 

Tl /r OST of U8 have remarked, while traveOing through the State. 
/ VV *'^'- innumerable Hmall huts and dwellings scattered not only 
/ along the roadside, but at varying iutervala about the coun- 

^ try as far a^ the eye can reach. Occasionally, when mines in 

the immediate vicinity are prospeiing, a numbtr of these buildings 
are run up side by side, and a small village formed, consisting of 
two rows of houses facing each other across the road, AlmoHt all the 
inhabitants are Chinese, many of them very poor; but all are ex]>ected 
to contribute, in a small way, to the revenues of the State by taking 
up a squatter's license, called a "Temporary License for the Occupa- 
tion of Waste Land." 

The collection of this license money frotn the squatters by means 
of a hou8e-to-houi*e viaitutioni8 a task of no incunsidemble magnitude, 
demanding from the c*4 let-tor much toil, aud the pofisession of a Job- 
like quality of patience. A well '* aalted " Settlement fiber would 
be a catch, indeed, to certain firms in Siugapure and elseivhere, who 
do a credit business with the Native States. 

The tax-gatherer i.^, I believe, genemlly looked upon in all ctmn- 
tries with extreme diii^favour. Oue's sym|>iithies as a tax- payer are 
always enlisted on the side of the poor householder, dunned for 
this and tliat pre|JOSierous rate at usually a most inconvenient time. 
I often think of Pmidts story of the retiring old lady, who, brought 
to book at last l>y the collector, and made to pay the taxes, exclaims, 
*' I must rcquest you to infcu^ni Her Majesty that she really cannot for 
the future count upon me as a source of income 1 ** Let a man, how- 
ever, sally forth and try tax-collecting for awhile, how quickly will 
his sympathies be transferred from the public to the long-suffering 
collector, The public is a pig-headed animal that won't pay up on the 
nail, and so make the poor tired collector's life an endurable one. 

A large |*ercentage of the Chinese in the villages keep *' kcdeis,*' of 
sorts, varying in size from the large double-breasted coiKx^ni, stocked 
with a little of everything, to the tumble-down one, on whose shelves 
are spread a few sticks of .sugarcane aud pinia of mouldy ** kachang 
goring." In the Bho]>g of the first kind it is a comparativcly^pleasant 
task to collect the **chukei." The suave smiling tow^kay is generally 
ready with a chair and the offer of a cigar, I am always suspicious, 



however, of an exuberance of politeness it savours in many cases of 
imiiecunioBity. Iii the second kied. whrre the ptiverty of the owner is 
phujily to he seen, it is quite another matter. The vendor of sugar- 
canes will point triumphaDtly to his stock- i a- trade and ask '* How ia 
fifty cents to be got from that lot ? *' The answer to this is ** Friend, 
are there no worlds left to conquer ; why dwell in inglorious poverty 
behiad your paltry peanuts, when there are d<^llars to lu? made out- 
side ?" The proprietoi", however, is quite contented in his idleness ; he ia 
gt,*nerally a freshly emancipated sinkheh, taking his vaca-tioo after a long 
spell of work in the mines. In the tneanwhile, the "chtikei" has got 
to be obtained. The pirocess of distilling this is an art, only to be 
learnt after long and wearisome practice. The diiference betwixt the 
sham and the genuine stony-broker, to use a convenient phi'ase, is not 
always apparent on the surface. One has, as it w^ere, to *' nhe " the 
man up and determine l^eforehand on the course to Ix* pursued. Khehs 
and Hokiens demand different treatnient. The former are ** kras dan 
degil,*' to quote the Malay opinion of them, while the latter are 
"lembut" and comparatively easy to manage. With the one. a threat 
of legal proceedings has but little effect, unless backed up by a practi- 
cal demonstration of some sort ; with the otlier, a firm manner goes b. 
long way. 

But let one of the fair sex be in charge and all preconceived ideas 
are immediately upset. There is the Chinese female supplicatory, the 
lachrymose, the meodadous, the pugnacious, the fugacious, and many 
other types ; while each iind all are painfully f uJi of words. Of the 
first three tyfies an excellent example in the |»ersoti of a well-fed Hokien 
woman was recent iy met by the writer. On being asked for ooe 
dollar, she promjitly burst into tears, and produced two grotescjuely fat 
little children from an inner a]>artment, who she averred would have 
to do without the iieressaries of life for an indefinite period if such 
an exorbitant sum were demanded. A most touching and dramatic 
spectacle ready to hand: ttic poor woman with two starviug children 
and the grinding tax-gatherer! But the who!e point of the little 
scene was most unfortunately spoiled, for in the midst of her heart - 
rending apj>eal, tears and handkerchief well to the fore, three silver 
dollars, hidden somewhere about her ample person, worked loose, and 
fell tinkling to the ground ! Let us charitably draw a veil over the 
good lady*s embarrassment. 

Space will not suflSce to illustrate all the other types. Yet I must 
tell of the wily woman who, remembering previous visitations, he- 
thought her of hiding away till the danger was passed, of how she 
locked the door on the inside, and inaintained a deathly silence when 
the dread summons cauu\ Here again ^ however, the Fates were un- 
kind, for someone, |ieering through a knot hole in a plank, espied her 
crouching in a pig pen ; thence she presently emerged, with chattering 
teeth, to listen to a long homily on the enormity of trying to bilk 
the taxes. 

Leaving the roadside squattei^s, let us turn to the large number, 
principally Hokicns, who keep vegetable gardens. They are to be 
found all over the Arapang and SetApak Valleys and elsewhere. In 




many cases they are quite well to do. They feed large numl>er8 of 
pi^s and ^et tkem int«> fine coiulition ; their gardens are lalxjrioualy 
and carefully cultivat^jd. B^^ing a large way from the roads m many 
cases, the collection of ** chukel ** from these gardeners is a far from 
easy task. Many of them have an idea, I fancy, that if they too 
readily pay up what is demanded of them, an excuse will be made to 
obtain more. Then, again, their money is generally hidden away in 
the thatch or buried in the ground. Often a man will make a tre- 
mendous detour ostensibly to borrow a dollar from a neighbour, 
whereas he has only gone to dig up the money from some secret hiding 
plaee away from the bouse. The Heha are most obstinate in tht- 
matter of paying *'cbukei/' Their firat prcM^eeding is to |>lead 
absolute poverty; thiw, in the face of a magnificent lot of fat pigs^ is 
'*no go'*; then, |>erbapB, an offer of one third of the chukei will be 
made; this is gradually inci*eased» until seeing that any further 
*' main main" is likely to lead to a breach of the peace, the balance of 
the dollar is reluctantiy dug up from the floor of the but or elsewhere. 
OeeasioDally some man will say ** Just wait here till I go and sell a 
diick.'^ The luisophistieated creature knows it is only seven miles to 
Kuala Lumpur! 

One of their huts is an exact counterpart of all the others, except 
as regards the nuiiilM.-r of }>igs, In the front (^nirt of each is invariably 
fixed the picture of a joss and his collection of sticks. Fearful and 
wonderful to behold are these josses. A favourite one is a big fat 
number one joss, who reminds me of the pictures of Henry VIII. ; he 
is attended by a fierce-looking blaek-visagcd nruuber two joss with 
round prominent gooseberry eyes, very fear8<»me. The third is the 
sou of iiuDiber oue apparently, a ehif> of the old block. Another joes 
is a truculent individual on horseback, evidently a great warrior, 
judging from the huge l>ow and arrows and armoury of strange 
wtmpons he is carrying with him 

The life of these gardeuers is a most simple one. They appear to 
have no amusements whatever as we understand the word, seeming to 
1x1 ^uite contented in a dull unemotional sort of way with their lot in 
life, Cbandu is the one and only Joy of many of tliem ; that, kerosine 
oil and joss sticks are the chief items of expenditun?. I occasionally 
meet a few Christianised Hokiens, they appear to be no worse than 
their neighbours; in fact, as regards paying chukei, they set their 
heathen bR^hren an excelhmt example. 


"1 F juu can make a contract to burn and clear with the men 
I who fell your jungle, you will siive yourself a good deal of 
j money and much time. If the contractor has Ui clear and bum 
^ the jungle, be will be more cari^fid m felling it ; he will first clear all 
the undergrowth, then cut all the branch cs of the big trees which 



have been felied antl heap tliem on to the main trunks of the trees — this, 
done properly, will save him u lut of time autl trouble afterwai'ds when 
he wants to burn it. If he hau only contracted to fell your jungle you 
must watch vt-rj eh»sely that he does all the above, otherwise, you 
may be sure, he will simply cut the big trees and never trt>uble 
himself about auythinLj else. He will also cut the trees a« high as 
possible above the ground as the trunk is not so thick higher up as lower 
down; you 8houid therefore stipulate that all trees should \ye cut not 
higher than six feet from the ground, otherwise refuse to accept the 
work or U> pay for it. If the above is not regarded you will have no 
end of trouble in cutting the small stuff afterwards and heaping it on 
to big trees,: every inch of ground you will have to recover with 
axe and parang, and day after day yoiu* men will be hard at work at it 
— yet you will see hardly any progress. Many young fdanters will 
not have the patience to wait two or three months until the wood is 
thoroughly dry, but too soon give the order to set tire to it. If this 
iihould be the ^mse, they will Ije very sorry for it afterwards. 

Here, again, the coolies will attempt to impose on the inexperience 
of th^^ir young master, and will want him to pay a few dollars for 
mat^heH and torches. If be tries it himself, be will soon fiud out tliat 
a box of matehes does not go far in setting a jutigle on fire. But 
daii*t pay a e<*nt ! There are any amount of bertam trees in the jungle, 
and a few l>rancbe« tied together will give the l)est possible torch for 
the* purfMise. 

If your wood is properly dry you will have a good burn and 
will be able to proceed at once with lining ami holing, but if you 
have Ix^n too hasty in setting tire to it, or if you havi* ncgleited to see 
that the jungle was properly cut and the wood |>ro]>erly heaj>ed on, 
you wiU have to work a few weeks, or iH^rhaps a few months, after 
the bum to clear the ground of the remaining wood. 

Of course it will all rot away in a few years, and probably in five 
years it would disappear by itself ; but in the meantime it will be in 
your way in lining, holing, |danting and weet.ling; it w4Il lie in the 
way of your drains and your roads; and, what is still worse, it will I>e 
an attraction for white ants, who, after tht^y have finished all the 
old wood, will 1k» obliged U> starve or to eat your nice eoflfee trees, aud, 
you bet, if they have to choose l>etween the two they prefer the 
coffee trees. 

Lining, — I thiuk it is now generally recognised amongst plantena 
in Selangor that the proper distance for Lilierian coffee trees is 10 ft. 
by 10 ft. Some planters think it unnecessary to line their cleanug 
regularly in every direction, and think that it is quite sufficient if the 
lining is done in one direction only. No doubt the trees will gi^uw 
just as well in one direction as in the other, and, as far as that is 
concerned, you ne<?d not line them at all but plant in every direction — - 
so long as they are otily sufficiently apart from each other. But 
to every good planter this would l>e at cmce a sign of bad and 
careldss wauagment ; bad lining will nMuain an eyesoi-e for ever, good 
lining a credit to the estate and its manager and a sourc^e of 



mutimisil pleasure and sat intact ion k* tlie pknter. It will show 

1 be (.'ocjlieB at once that you insist tm order and Hystemalic work* 
iug, ajid it will make them careful in the exwution of their own 
work tc»L«. Gt>od and ivi>idar lining facilitatea the control of 
your work, makes it easy to approach every tn^e and easy t*^ overlook 
the plantation and to detect the Rh^chiest irre^darity. Most of the 
)>lanter8 xise small woollen pegs for lining. T do not see the advantage 
of this, they cost more than aitaH-ayu (slicks) and yon cannot bo 
easily dt4*?et any irregularity as you can with sticks about 4 to 5 ft. 
lonj^, A man will cat 150 to 200 td such sticks in the jungle as a 
fair day'ti task^ The lining is done with a rope marked eyery 10 feet 
with a pice of coloured elotli. Two men get hold of this ro]:>e, one at 
each end, and other cotjlies walk along the rof^e and push a stick into 
the ground at every 10 ft.; one line being fiai^hed, the twt) end 
men* who each have a stick 10 feet in length, meaenre the distance 
to the next row and put an annkkayu in the gronnd in the exact 
continuation of the direction of the former lines, and then the other 
coolies again walk along the ro|>e and |>ut dr-wn thf> other sticks^ ynd 
thus the same process ih repeated with the next line and so on. The 
sticks can always be used again. 

Holing.— Before you plant out your young eoflree trees* it is 
necessary to prepare the grountl for their rerefition. The ground 
Iveing lined you civn start at once with holing. The holen shoidd l>e 

2 ft. square and 2 ft. di^p. It does not matter si> mu<h if ihey are 
only 18 in. sqmire, but they should not be less than 2 ft- deep, 
especially in stony soiL The reason for tins is, that if the young 
plant grows and develops yoo t-ao always help it^j development by 
digging up the ground aroiuid the tree as it grows, but of course it is 
quite impossible to do anything to the tap root in the ground, and if 
the tap rot»t grows up to the end of the hole and meets the stony soil, 
it wiil uot lie able to grow any further; it will l^end, doul>le up, get 
crooked and the tree will remain a sickly miserable thing and never 
give you the rich retnin yon arc expecting.* A cooly will cut from 50 
to 60 holes 2 ft. deep by 2 ft, square in a day, according U) the nature 
of the soil ; in rocky soil he might, however, not be able to cut more 
than 10 to 20. Aa soon as vour htdes are ready vou may begin to 

Filling. — Many planters think that it is necessary to leave the 
holes open for some time — to let the grouiiLl get cool or for some other 
unknown reason ; but there is no justiiication in tliis. You might 
just as well dig the holes and fill them in again at once, only in that 
case your coolies would scamp their work and you would not be able 

• Java planteri don't luat^^ with this. In a eolTi^* (canlen of nbotifi 90 to *) ytmrs ai n^, 
<,f i*....>r.iN.n.rLrn., i,ir,..t,.|| oil rit'h virffin jimirlo. smile trtNMs werni trnnsplantfd with tli** ntiucKit 
*■' ;iH Ihf'tai) lont clefi»M- in thi^ jrrrninrl ttiAii fJ to J^ rimlnel^f*^H, whilst 

^ p'etl Ml iiiiirh slroiiKt'iv Tht'i-t* fnuUl l>e ii« question nt tht^ ]ciwi*r «oil 

tki ■ .- I . ilijitid Jill" ilH-^r itiM'ts: hiiE it niuy bt' tlmt fi IfSH ctvrefiil plan tiiifir out 

onjfiiialy lorcfHi thr (np tiKtt (d ii Lk-vrntiiin nad to«ihrH>t tnit lu-»n<4ieB. Whntf'vtT tht»re mnv be 
in lliJN, it prov* <! tn .mmuI iiny cIoiilU Ihnt tUv tiiuiiMlurln/il jriYiwth of the tup rdct^iui surli, in 
not indL*iiH'iisuhl> lanv^^avy for n Klionft ileVi»l<ipuu'nl nf the eoflw trt'c up lo ti hmh nfey, 
V De Octet. ludische Ciiltum," by K, W. Vnn Gorkom, Auwteixliim, 1880.) 



to contn>l it, iior able to convince joiirHelf that the holes have been 
cut wide and d«?ep enough. Therefore the iillin*^ up la done odIj 
after holing^ is finished and has been received and accepted bj the 
plantei*. The hole is filled now writh top soih uot again with the same 
soil that has been dug ont, and the earlier yon fill the holes the better. 
If the holes are exposed to the sun for any kmgtli of time, the sides 
get drv and hard, anrl that's just one of the very things you intend to 
avoid by digging holes. Iii cutting holes don't allow your coolies to 
touch or to remove the pegs, but see that they cut the holes below or 
at the side of the pegs. If that is not done they will remove the 
pegs and in replacing them they will not put them back in the exact 
playce again and the result will be, instead of a regular good lining, a 
disgusting zig-zag. 


The holes having all ln^en filled with rich top soil we are ready for 
j^lauting and have only to await the next good shower of rain. Great 
difference of opinion exists amongst plantei*s whether it is l)etter to 
plant young plants or stumps. Some Siiy that nothing can beat 
stumps : you have the advautage of seeing and examining the roots of 
stumps, and they contend that a stump ivquires less care and if once 
phinted out develops mucli quicker and strongt^r than a young plant. 
** Stumps ^' are young coffee trees about one to two years ohl, wdiich 
are taken out of the nurserj^ and cut off about 4 in. alxove the roots ; 
the tap root and other roots are carefully trimmed and then the stumps 
are read}^ to be planted out. 

Another way is to plant young tretfs. 

Your seedlings, about six months old, are taken, with the siuround- 
ing earth, out of the nursery and transplanted into the fields. There 
are many ways of doing this, but the best way to do it is wdth a trans- 
planter. The best transplanter, so far invented, and mostly in use 
(see fig. I), consists of (A) a thin cojiper or zinc sheet about 4 in* 
wide and al>out in. deep fastened to (B) a strcmg iron frame with 
wooden handles. Tliis is pushed into the ground and then t\^istedand 
lifted with the plant and surrounding earth (see figs. 2, 3, 4), To get 
the plant and the earth out of the transplanter, you push the trans- 
planter down over a juece of wood that fits into the copper sheet and 
the young plant and earth are thus forced out of the form (see figs. 
5 and 6). It is then wrapped up in green leaves and tied round 
with lalang and planted out in this sliite. The lalang string and 
green leaves will very soon rot away in the groun<i and the young 
plant can develop without its growth having l>ecn interfered with, 
without any tamjieriug with its roots or removal of its original soil, 
out of which it lias Ix-en accuatoined to draw its nourishment. 

You can practise and experiment yourself to find out which is the 
most advantageous method. My experience, after having given many a 
most conscientious tiial to young trees as well as to stumps, is to put in 
nothing but yoxing plants and no stumps. Of course there may be 
cases when you have nothing else but stumps, and may l>e obliged to 
jdant them ■ but in that ease you should stumj* your pknts in the 
nursery about two mouths bi^foi^ you intend planting them out |ind 





Iben plant thera in the Bame way as yoiing plants witli the trans- 

Tlie manuer of plaatiu^' I advocate? requires a good deal more time, 
atteJitioE and care than that of pulling the v*>iing trees out of the nursery » 
tftumpiog them, tritnniing the roots and i>lanting them into the i^ronwd, 
bnt it will rei>av y<^u a hundr*'dfokl. Never hurry the planting; take 
your time over it and do it with the utmost care and attention. Some 
people only plant in the early morning, others again only in the 
afternoon, then the youog tr^:^e8 get at once the benefit of the eool 
night and lx*fure the heat of the sun can do them any hann next day 
they are already covered and shaded. I plant right through the whole 
day and shade the plantts early next morning. Once a visitor asked 
nie why I did not plant the trees al>out 2 ft. below^ the surface of the 
HoilV Yonr branches, he argued, would then all be just aboTe the ground 
and not as now aViout 2 ft. above. Every planter, of course, will K^ 
greatly amuseii at this; but yet I have seen young i*!antere do it, and 
it might therefore be just as well to iiiejition here the reasons, why 
they should not do this : 

L The l>rain?hes would in that case lie just as far from the roots 
as in tlie other ease, and draw their nourishment from the roots just 
the same, the roots, however, which in the usual way draw their 
nourishmimt from the rich top soil, would in the other case have to 
feed on the poor soil, which they find 2 ft. t>elow — in most cases such 
poor soil that it woidd not grow coffee or an\i:lmig else. 

2. The young tree, l:>eing planted in a hole, would be drowned 
after the first heavy shower of rain. 

3. A tobacco plant, if you cover it up, will shoot new roots as far 
as it is covered tip, but a coffee tree consists of stem and roots, if yon 
expk>&e the roots the tree w4ll suffer, and if you cover the stem it will 
rot and cause the tre<' to die. 

Be cart^ful to remember this, for 1 have seen many young planters, 
to protect the roots und to give strength to the yonng tree, as they 
thought, heap up rubbish and eai^th round the stem of the tree, wlxicli 
is almost as dangerous as planting below the surface of the soil. 
Be particularly careful therefore to leave the st^m above the ground. 

The sticks nsed for bning are «till in the ground and every cooly 
can see that each plant is exactly in line and in its i>roper place. 

Many planters say tliat stumps can stand the sun much better 
than yoimg plants and will live over a long drought where young 
plants would die ; hut this is quite wrong, nothing will stand 
exposure to sun, wind and weather lietter than a young plant, care- 
fully planted out ctnd left as it is in the undisturbed enjoyment of its 
original soil. 

But whether stumps or plants, they both equally require shade. 
You can try it, of course, without shade and some of your plants 
may live over it j but it is quite cei*tain, Ijeyond any doubt, that shad- 
ing can never do any harm. 

The shading is done in many different ways. One is to plant 
shade trees and to place the young coffee under the protection of 



their bmueheij. Tliis enables your coftW to always kave the lulvanluge 
of sliade and at the Riiine time to get the Ijenefit of fresh air and be 
c»|>en to your in6]>eetion; Imt it has the drawlmek that you have to 
plant the shade trees at least a year Ijefore your coffee, and that 
they may take a lot f»f nourishment out of the ground, which would 
otherwifie go to the eoftVe. Others say that Liberian eoffee will not 
l)ear so well under .shade and that uiurli damage in done hy hnim^lies 
falling off the shade trees, hut this is a matter in whieh everyone must 
judge for himself.* The system, so far. adoptiid in Selangor is to 
shade the young treea or stumpH with branches of bertam palms ; 
three or four of them, each about 2 ft. long, are put in the ground 
around and over the young plant, whieh is th^s sufficiently protected 
against wind and sun, until it ha 8 taken i-oot in the ground and is 
Btrong enough to 8U{»j>ort itself. 

In pknting, like in everythiug else, organise your labour No, 1 
eooly will take the idants out of the nursery ; No. 2 will take the 
planti^ out of the transplanler and put them nn the leaves which are 
intended for wmpping the plant in ; No, 3 will wrap the |4ant8 in 
tht* leaves and tie tlvui tttgdlier with a bit of lahing ; No. 4 will Uft 
till- plants and put them m batiketa ; No, 5 will carry the baskets to 
the fields ; No. 6 will take the plants out of t!ic baskets and put one 
near eueh peg. 

You will notice that I have not explained the way how to plant 
st limps except just to mention theiu shortly; I he reascm is, that 
1 am strongly against stumps and would consider my.self guilty of 
gross injustice were I to say any more about theiu than to warn young 
planters against them. Stumps^ if they do cotiK* up at all, uiay 
tiltimatoly in the most favourable circumstances perhaps, become 
equally good trees as young plants, but they will never Weome Ijettcr, 
healthier or stronger trees. Given equal chauues the plant will 
always l»eat the stump. 

One ht^i word of warning in planting : pay particular care to the 
tap ruots. Should the tap root stick out (»f the soil of the trans- 
planter, when lifted out of the nursery, cut it off; if you don't the root 
will get crooked and twisted and your yoimg plant will never Wcome 
a strong and healthy tree. Years aftei'^ards, when you have spent 
time and money on your plantation and paid a lot of care and 
attention to a sickly looking tree, you will discover, when you at 
last pull it out of the ground, that the tap root ha4 got twisted in 
planting* and all the care and attention paid to this tree, till the 
f- energy and money spent on it, to say nc^thing of your valuable 
time, have been wasted and thrown away. Therefore l.>e uarefid in 
planting; a mistake or carelessness committed in planting will 
j>erhap« only show itself two or three years afterwards, when it 
will be too late for remedy. 

(To he coniinned.) 

• i ii no requirv' nhad*' tr*^'*) for 

IwMir I I.*', ^nt »]»*• (r«»*h will iM'iiiu I: 

Withi' jM-^'tiilly ♦•»it lnfl> tfn-uiiil, I am 

II will, no doubt, 
lulling will iij iJie 

No. 2,— Vol. V.— 2«i<r Odoher, 18^6. 


THE EAILWAY ROUT and Junketings came off directly after 
we last Went to press, so that we are rather late in the day in 
giving an aceoimt of them ; but it won Id never do for the 
Sehmgor Jonmul to omit to jot down some few details, notwitb* 
stantling the ehronioling that has taken place in the Straits paf*er«, 

Kuala Lumpur, on 8atnrday» the r2th ult.» might well have 
adopted the ruotto of the old Rosherville Gardens advertitsement and 
dubbed iteelf *' The place to s|)<jnd a happy dav/* and a long one at 
that, lu fact, the real rommem'ement wius madi'lhe previous evening, 
with the Parade Ground illuminated with the electric light, the hurdles 
in great demanil for practicing, and a fidl rehearsal uf the Saturday's 
iNjncert : the *' mundabout " with ittj organ* the coolies and others 
engaged on the temporary dining hall, and the large nnmber of 
visitors in and about the Club, all helping to make up a busy £cene, 
and to show that the Railway Festival had really bt^gun. 

But if Friday evening was a busy time, how can we describe 
Saturday morning : with Sprais iu full swiug, red-coated soldiers and 
baud marching about, the lligh Counnissioner to be received, lotteries 
for the races in the afternoon l>eing arranged, and the preparation of 
the Club for tlie evening's rece{>tion, concert and diinee. The sports, 
races, etc., are descril^ed on another page ; the general programuie for 
the da}^ as given in our last issue l>eing fairly adhered to» except that 
owing to rain in the afternoon, some of the gymkhana events had to 
be postpoDcd tij the following Tuesday. 

H.E, the High Commissioner and Lady Mitchell, who had been 
met at Klang by the British Resident, were received on arriving at 
the Kuala Lumpur Railway Station by the Resident-General, Mrs. 
Rodger and a large and representative company, the Guard of Honour 
in their red coats making a brave and imposing show. The party at 
onee drove off to the Selangor Club to watch the sports in progress 
on the Parade Ground, 

A NUMBER of ** bluejackets ** from H.M.S. PorpoUe came up for 
the day, and were entertained under the kind guidance of Mr. Hoffnen 
They were provided with a shakedown for the night, and returned to 
their ship early on Sunday morning. 



The arraogements, and the admirable way in which thej were 
carried out, enabled the athletic sports i^^»rogramme to be gone through 
Viefore eleveo o'clock, and ff>r the next hour gymkhajm. lotteries and 
lime squashes were the main attractions. Early in the afternoon the 
Ampang Road began to assume Uie regular nice-day aspect, and bj a 
little aherthre^ the grand stand at the c<>urse i^resented a very gay 
and fashionable appearance. Unfortunately, the rain, which had Ijoeu 
thTt!!atening off and on during the afternuoo, came down heavily alxiiit 
five o'clock, and when it cleared up there was* only time for the form 
jumping comijetition. Wet notwithstanding, however* the afternoon 
WES a very enjoyable one : providing during the intervals of rain some 
good sporty and, while it was pouring, ample opportunities for gossip 

At 7.30 some seventy-five 8.G.R. officials, with Mr. Watldns in the 
chair, sat down to the Railway Banquet, which was served in a tem- 
porary building, bright with electric light and gay with coloured cloth 
and greeneiy. After an excellent dioner, the toasts of '*the Qneen '* 
and of '* Success to the S.G.R..*' given by the Chairman, preceded a 
Smoking Concert, at which Messrs. Tearle, Day and Highet officiated 
as Chairman, respectively. The fun was kept goiug steadily, and 
among others during the evening Messrs. Watson, Tearle, A. B. 
Hubback, Spooner, Clarke, and some of the visitors from the Porpoise 
gave songs. 

At 9 p.m. the Resident Engineer, S,G.R,, and Mrs. Watkins held 
a Reception at the Sclaugor Club, the large landing at the head of the 
stairs having been very effectively fitted up as a reception room, while 
the reading room was amuigcd for the Concert. The approach, stair- 
case and upstairs portion of the premises were all nicely decorated, and 
the exterior of the building was set off by rows of railway lanterns 
and the electric light. Punctual to the moment, Mr, and Mrs. Wutkios 
took up their position to welcome the guests, and they had the plea- 
sure of receiving not only a very large, but a most djstinguiBheJ. com- 
pany. The Concert ojjened with a part song, Mr. R. G^, Watson, baton 
in hand, performing the duties of conductor, the vocalists being 
Mesdames Cor mac, Haines, Tra vers and Watkins and Messrs. Alexander, 
Bourne, Brown and Shaw ; the piece given, "Oh, Hush thee, my Babie," 
was very well received, aswa;^ the closing piece, ''Guod-night, Beloved/* 
Mr. Ridges sang the ** Skyc Boat Song'* and Mr. Dougal '* Scotland 
Yet ; " Mrs, Haines and Mr. Bourne gave excellent renderings of 
"When the Heart is Young'* and "The Silver Cup,*' respectively; 
w^hile Mrs. Travers was loudly applauded for her sweet and exprt*88ive 
singing of *' Kathleen Mavoumeen." Miss Stratton gave a pianoforte 


aolo and Mr. George Cummin p^ a solo on the uiandoline. The eomie 
element was supplied by MeHHi*8. A. B, Hubbiu-k iind K. G. Wa^tson, the 
latt^r's siDgiiig at '* The Baby on the Shore '^ causing much amusement. 

A SHOET inten'nl enabled the room to be cleared for the Dance. 
As iiii|4"ht be expected, after using the room for a concert, the floor 
was rather uneciual, iK'big heavy in places and in some part« as 
slippery as ice. The chief thing to note, however, was the brilliant 
assembhige that had gathered under the roof of the Selangor Club» 
which, with the except iou of Mr. Treueber, who did not arrive in 
Selaugor till the fullowiug Monday, included the lint of visitors given 
on the following ]>age : the gay and crowded appearance of the 
room, especially during the first waltz, was worth Temeail>ering. The 
programme was necessarily a short one, and Sir Roger de Coverlej 
brought to a close a h>ng and memonible day, Avorthy iu every way 
of the occasion it was intended to commemorate. 

To give the names of all who assisted in arranging and auperin- 
teodiug the day^s amusements would make a long list. The R4ulwaY 
Committee consisted of Messrs. Watkins, Highet, Day, Tearle, Prentitr, 
Parsons and others. Mr, Watkins was responsible for the lnin([uet, 
wliile Mr. Parsons took in hand the arrangement of the jirogramme 
fur the concert and the dance; Messrs, Highet* Day, Tearle and 
Prentice seeing to the construction, decoration and seating of the 
temporary bnilding, and the carrying out of the smoking concert held 
there after dinner. Mr. Puundall was energetic, and successfully so, 
in the preparation for and carrying out of the sports, wliile Mr. 
Wilson devoted a lot of work and time to the electric light : Mr, 
Prentice giving assistance to each and all as required. As for those 
who officiated in one capacity or another at the gymkhana meeting, 
their name is legion, and was duly set forth on the " c*rect card '* of 
the day. 

Mrs. RoDaEB's "At Home,*' with dancing, at the Residency, on 
Tuesday night— a very successful and crowded gathering— tjcarly 
demonstnited that the growing importance find resident population of 
Kuala Lumpur will soon render it necessary that our Residency 
should have as an annexe, say, a lofty and sfiacions ball-room in which 
dances and receptions could be given. The dntwing-room, in wluch 
the dances now take place, and which on Tuesday, with its simple yet 
eff«x;tive decorations looked churtning, is hardly large enough for such 
an assembly as tlie one we write about; and another point to ha 
considered is the inconvenience the hostess at pi*esent is put to in 



bavini; for tin* nonce to tranisfunn her drawing-room into a ball-room 
on each occasion of a dance. Howcvrr, to retnrn to Tuesday evening: 
we have suid the room looked charming, tmd to avoid tautology we 
should use some other word to describe the ladies and their dreeses, 
bnt the expression *' charming " so aptly and fully gives all that we 
would winh to convey that we will leave it at that. In thinking tlxai 
we should afterwards be able to describe the dresses, we had imagined 
a vain thing. Heavens! like the judges at the ladies' driving 
competition, we tremble at the task — bnt, unlike them we leave the 
task undone. The 23rd was the date when the Queen had reigned 
longer than any British Sovereign, and at the sup per- table the 
Resident [jroposed her health in a few well-chosen woi*ds, and the 
strains of *' God Save the Queen *' and cbeers testified to love and 
loyalty to that '' right little » tight little island *' and it-s revered ruler* 
Among the guests not belonging to Selangor proper were H.E. the 
High Commissioner and Lady Mitchelb Captain Herljert, a.d.c, Idr. 
Ckud Severn, p.s.^ and Mr. Baeres Wise, Sec. to H.E. ; the Resident- 
Generab the Eesident of Perak* and the Resident of Negri Sembilan ; 
Mr. Just ire Jackson, Judicial Commissioner, Mr* Kershaw, Legal 
Adviser, and Mr. Conway Belfield, Commissioner of Lands and 
Mines; Captain Pelly, r,n., and the Officers of H3I.S. Porjioime : 
Lieut. Leach of the 5th Fusiliers and Mrs* Leach, and the Misses 
Bogle, of Singapore ; Mr. Fred. Talbot, of Negri Sembilan ; Mr. and 
Mrs. Penrose. Miss Nelly Bibby and Mr. Duff, of Pahang. 

The Right Worshipful District Grand Master, H.E. Sir C. H. B. 
Mitchell, attended Read Lodge on the 21st, a large number of brethren 
being present to greet him ; W. Bro. Steele, D.G. Sec.» and Bros. 
Birker, Crick, Brink worth aud Severn also lieing present as visitors. 
The Right Worshipful Brother was ret-eived l>v Wor. Bro. Watkins, 
P.D.G.J.W., Wor. Bro. Russell, D.G.J.D., and Won Bro. Steele. D.G. 
Sec., and entered the Lodge in procession with Standard Bearer and 
Stewards. After the business of the meeting was over, the R.W.D. 
Grand Mjister complimented the W.M. aud brethivn on the working 
of the Lodge, and gave an address. During the evening Wctr. Bro. 
Sanderson was elected as W.M. for the ensuing year ; Bro. Tearle 
as Treasuirer, and Bro. C. Stewart, as Tyler; Bros, H. O. Maynard and 
Tearle were elected as Auditors for the year now closing. After 
Lodge the brethren sat do^-n to supper in the Hall 

H,E. THE High Commissioner and Lady Mitchell, 
Treacher, c.m.o., and the Hon. Martin Lister left Kuala 
Wednesdav, the 23rd ultim<i. 

Mr. W. 




There was a Dance at the Lake Club on Tuesday, the 29tb ult., 
which, thanks to the zeal of the Hun. Secretary, was very successful. 



The October monthly Medal Hamiicap of the Selangor Golf Club 
will Iw? playeil for on Friday* and th*:' two following days* tin? IHtli, 
17th autl 18th instant, Mr. A. B, Hubback won the medal for 
September. ^____ 

One of the most siiecesBfnl of our local clubs is undoulvtedly the 
Kifle AssoeiatioQ, and theJplucW way in whirh it sticks to its guns— 
paradox, because it really is languish ing for theLee-Metford — m worthy 
of adnuratioQ. The S,R.A. haa always Ijeeu fortunate in having 
amout^ its membera a few enthusiasts, atid the Viee-Presideut and the 
Hon. See. and Treaaurer of to-day, Messrs, Traver« and Brown, are 
eases in |>oiut. The latest development was an " At Home/* given at 
the range by the members, on Thnrsday, the 24th ult., and they may 
be congratulated on the success which attended the first effort in this 
direction. A large number of gueste, inclntling the Kesident-Geueml, 
the Resident, and Mrs. Rodger, were present, and watelied with inte* 
rest the two competitions — one rapid firing, for ah comers, and the other 
with Morris tubes for ladies. The range is still in process of re-form- 
ation» so the arrangement of the ground was not quite what it is lioj>ed 
it wdl l>e on a future occasion. However, it was a very successful 
beginning of what we hear is to be an annual event, and promises well 
for a little local Bisley of the future^ — if we may say so without offeuee 
to that very particular *' Magpie." Nut the least fortunate thing 
about the meeting was the weather, and the Association was lueky 
in getting a tine afternotm. Of course, tbe Captain China*s tent 
was there, and it just as miturally follows that it sheltered the usual 
array of good things. It was nearly dark before the last of the gue^ita 
had departed, and quite dark before the officials had cleared up and 
made all snug for the night. 

In the Ladies' Match, with Morris tul>es, Miss St ration won first 
prize and Mrs. Ridges second. The Resident presented the prizes — a 
gold brooch and a silver cup, respectively, after the match. The full 
scores were as follows ; — 

Laijies" Competition. 

Miae Stratton 
Mrs. Bidges 
„ Cormac 
„ Travers 
„ Syera 
„ yenning' 

4 3 3 3 4 4—21 
4 3 3 3 3 4—20 
3 3 4 3 3 2—18 
3 2 2 3 3 3— Itl 
3403 2 3—15 
2 3 3 2 3 0—13 

Mrs. Lntyens... 
„ WatkiQB 
„ Stafford 
„ Bellamy 
„ Beck ... 
„ Welch... 

03 2 3 22^-11 

2 3 3 0— H 
2 3 2— 7 
2 0— 2 
0002 00— 2 
000200-^ 2 

The Rapid-Hring competition—? shots in 70 seconds at 200 yards, 
Tnibtary target —was thrown opeu to all comers and attracted a very 
good entri% 19 compctit.i:)rs turniug out to tire. This, a new com- 
petition, was won by 0. Herft, with a seore of 20 out of a possiLde 28, 
Brown and Crouipton running him close with 10 each. No marking 
was allowed untd the seven rounds were fini*d, each man starting with 
a clean target, so a considembLe time was taken up, and the scores 
were eagerly scanned as they were shown. S<^voral of the com|3etiti>ra 
were hampered by the [jouch, which, with waist-belt, had to \>e us^d 
for the cartridges ; the la^t two or three had a knack of ehpping t j th^ 


bottom and getting under the cross partition, whence it was difficult 
to dislodge them. This spoilt more than one good chance of winning. 
We give the details below : — 

Rapid-ptbinq Competition — Prize value §25. 

Time- Score. Time. Score. 

G. Herft 65 sec. ... 20 

J.Brown 60 „ ... 19 

W. Crompton 61 „ ... 19 

E. P. McGowan 62 „ ... 18 

G. Shepherd 48 „ ... 17 

A. Poundall 59 ,. ... 16 

E. A. O. Travera 66 „ ... 16 

H. C. Ridges • ... 15 

C. R. Cormao * ... 14 

D. C. P. Kindersley 47 sec. ... 14 
F. A. Swettenham 60 ., ... 14 
W. R. Swan • „ ... 18 
Capt. Talbot 50 „ ... 12 
A.B. Hubback 58 „ ... 12 
C. F. Glover 56 „ ... 10 

Adam 63 „ ... 9 

E. E. Spooner 55 „ ... 8 

R. C. M. Kindersley 58 
Graham 61 „ ... 14 

• Over the allotted time ; bist shot not counted. 

On the 26th a Competition for Novices, who hiid never won a prize 
in the Association, was brought off, with the following result : — 
Novices' Competition — Ist prize, $25 , 2nd prize, $10. 

sou yards. nno yards. ©tX) yards. Total. 

E. F. McGowan 4 3 3 2 2 5 3—22 ... 3 5 5 3 4 3 2—25 ... 5 4 2 2—13 ... 60 
W. Beattie .. 3 33 3 4 34—23 ... 4 4 4 5 5 2—24 ... 2 40 3 4r-13 ... 60 
W. R. Swan ... 2 2 32242—17 ... 3 00 02 0— 5 ... 5 022r30— 12 ... 34 

H. Hfittenbach, D. C. P. Ivinderslev and M. A. Hawes also 
competed, but were unable to finisli owing to the heavy rain which 
came on during the firing at 600 yards and put a stop to the match. 
The tie for first place was decided in favour of McGowan, Beattie 
taking 2nd prize. 

The shooting for the Championship, the following morning, 
brought out seven competitors and was. on the whole, of a very 
disappointing kind, owing greatly to the hazy atmosphere and shifting 
light. At the 200 yards range Travers led with 30, Poundall, Herft 
and Cormac following closely with 29 each and McGowan 28, while 
Brown's chance looked rather sick with 24 and Shepherd 21. At 
500 yards, however, matters clianged. Brown putting on 31, Travers 
with 26 still leading by one ])oint, Hei*ft 3 points Poundall 4 behind, 
while Cormac had ruined his (rhance with 17 only. At 600 yards 
Travers kept his lead to the 4th round, which was signalled a 
ricochet, this |>laced him liehind Brown, who finished with 24. 
Herft, who fired in the second squad and had to get 27 to win, led on 
the 4th round and was even with the winner at the 5th, but only 
managed to score 25, which placed him a good second, one point 
behind Brown, who won with 79. The full score is given l)elow : — 
Championship — Ibt prize, $50; 2nd prize, $25. 

aoo yards. r^iO yards. dOit yards. Total. 

J. Brown ... 4 2 4 4 4 4 2—24 ... 5 5 5 3 5 4 4- 31 ... 2 2 3 t 4 5 4—24 ... 79 

G. Herft ... 4 5 4 5 4 4 3—21) ... 5 3 7> 4 4 3—24 .. 4 4 2 5 2 3 5— 2.> .. 78 

K. A. O. Travers 5 4 5 4 5 4 3- 3o ... 2 2 5 3 5 5 l.-2() ... 2 2 1 r 2 2 5—17 ... 73 
K. F. McGowan 4 4 4 5 3 4 4- 28 ... 3 5 2 3 5 4—22 ... 2 4 5 5 3 2 0—21 ... 73 
G. Shephord ... 3 4 2 2 3 4 3—21 ... 2 4 4 5 5 4-2t ... 2 3 4 2 04 3—18 ... 63 
C.R. Cormac ... 4 43 5 54 4—29 ... 2 4 2 2 2 3 2—17 ... 4 4r 5 020— 15 ... 61 
A. Poundall ,.. 4 6 45 4 5 2—29 ... 2 2 3 4 4 5 3—23 ... 220r220— 8 ... 60 



The following Circular, sij^n^^ bv Mr. H. F, Bellamy, is Imng 
sent round :— "*'TUe friends of the late Mr, S. E. Harper are invit<?d to 
meet at the SelangtJr Club, at C* on Sattirdav, the 10th iiist., to 
consider the advisability of takiot,^ atepH to perpetuate his memory in 
KmUa Lumpur. I am permitted to use the naraen of the fuMowiug 
gentlemen in ealliuK ^^*- meetint^: F. A. Swetteubam, Esq., CM.a,, 
Resident-aem-ml F,M.S. ; J. P. Bodjjr^^r. Esq., British Kesident, 
Selangor ; E, W. Bireh, Esq.. Secretary to Government, Perak; Ca[4ain 
H. C. Syen*. Commissioner of Police, F.M.S. ; E, M. Alexander, Ebi, ; 
C. E. F. Sanderson, Esq/* ^ ^ 

It is with great regret that we record the death of Mrs. Hurth, 
late of Enterprise and Glen marie Estates, Batu TiL^a, who died in 
hi>8prtal early in the moruiuL; of the 30th ultimo, after a short ilities!*. 
Much sympitthy is felt for Mr. Hurth, who lost a child early ia the 
year and is now left with an infant a few days old. The fuueral, 
which took place on Wednesday afternoon, was conducted by the K^v. 
F. W. Haines, assisU^d by Mr. St. Lejjjer Parsons, and was attended 
by several friends of Mr. and the late Mrs. Hurth. 

A ciRCULAE, issued l\y Messrs. CMbb and Co., announces that they 
have established themselves in Sinj^apore as rummission and ^'cneral 
agents for residents in the Malay Statics, and that the iirm is prepared 
to take up special a^^encies for planters, miners and others, on the 
most moderate terms. The offices of the Company are situated in 
Battery Road, near the landing stage. The Ijusiness will 1:m? under 
the management of Mr. H. Cobb, formerly of Perak. Terms may be 
made direct with Messrs. Cobb aud Co., Battery Road, Singapore; 
or, in Selangor, with Mr. A. C. Harper. 

In reply to a Pussellawa planter, the Ceylon Timeg give the follow- 
ing prescription l>y Mr. Sturgess, Oovernuient Veterinary Surgeon, 
for the cure of foot-and-month disease :■ — 

**Atthe commencemeiit of the attack, the follnwHng should be 
given iutenjally, to adult animals : -Epsom salts 12 ounces, saltpetre 
I ounce, |X)wdered ginger 1 diiiui, warm water iu* gruel 1 quart. To 
Ik; adiiiiniatered once a day until the bowels are well moved. 

Moftik Drf'^j^iMi/.— Powdered alum li ounces, water 1 pint. One 
table8|XK)nful of Jeye's fluid may Ixj l)cneficially added. The mouth 
to be washed out twice daily. 

Feet Dre^^inf^, ^Powdered sulphate of copfw^r I ounce, alum 1 
ounce, water 1 pint, Jeye's fluid 2 wineglassfuls. Sores ou feet to lx> 
dressed twice daily, after being cleaned. 

Also apply to the feet sores, after the alcove : — Carbolic acid 1 tea- 
spoonful^ turpentine 1 wineglassful, and rapi* or margosa oil 2 wine- 
glasafula. To IJe well mixed and applied with a featlier, or a piece of 
tow or cotton wool tjoaked in the dressing tied on by means of a 

Being a contagious and infectious disease, every precaution should 
be taken to prevent it spreading amongst the unaffected cattle," 





THE Parade Groiuid looked quite festive on tbe 19tla iusfant, 
wlien Sports i^hicli were got up in eonnec^tiou with the lOtli 
Aniiiversarv of tbe opeaiBg of the Railway were liekl. The 
course for the various events was good, the 100 yards being 
stringed, one of the Engineering staff had evidently been *'hmng;" 
the hurdles were also very substantiid and the whole course was 
improved by a plentiful disjilay of bunting. Another gOf>d point wa« 
that all the events had their imish near the Club, thus enabling the 
6t»eetator8 to get a gwid view, 

A start was made suuu utter sevfU tiVIoik, and shortly after eight 
His Exeelteney the Governor, who had just arrived, ajjpeared on the 
scene with Lady Mitchell and his sMitc and the Resident and Mrs. 
Rodger. The Governor took a very keen interest in all that went 
on and stayed until after tbe Hurille Race, expressing himself a^ 
pleased with the enthusiastic way in which the men went into the 
various events. 

Doctor Travers acted as judge and Mr. Highet was starter. 


100 yards Flat Raee. — 1 Visalingam. 2 Raman, 3 Palianandy, 
A good tinish. 

Bicycle Race, one mile. — 1 Poimdall. scnitch, 2 Veracoodie, 325 
yards start. The scratch man seemed to have too much to do, the 
nearest man being on 200 yards murk; but in tbe last quai'ter he 
passed his men in fine style and won easily, 50 yards in front of the 
second man. 

High Jump, — Raman, 4' 6", Hunter, 4' 5", Raman afterwards 
jumped 4^ 8". 

200 yards Flat Race.— Final — 1 Visabngam, 2 Raman, 3 Tiam 
Swee. A fair race, five yurds between Ist and 2iid, an<l about same 
distance dividing 2nd and 3rd. 

Tug-of-War. — 1 Unloading Coolies, 2 Unloading Coolies. The 
Chinese coolies proved far too strong for any of the other teams. 
The winners were easily iJuUed over by a squad of European Railway 

Hurdle Race. — 1 Raman, 2 Chin Hye, 3 Appiah. Raman won 
easily, taking Ins hurdles very cleanly* 

Loug Jump. —1 Raman, 2 Hunter. 3 Pucker Singh. Raman won 
with about 16 feet, Hunter being 10 indies l>chiiHi 

Sack Race-Finn! — 1 H. C, Rii bards, J. Moffat and SeeniveratDa 
dead heat for 2iid jdace. This was as usual a very amusing item, the 
winner gt-ttlng bis feet into the eonn-rs uf bts sack and running right 
away, for second j^laec the wee laddie run as did the winner and just 
managed Xa) come up at the finish with JSeeuiveratna who was taking 
gigantic leai>s. 

Quarter-mile Race.— 1 ViaalingaTn» 2 Appiah > 3 Tiam Swee, Viaa- 
Imgam won easily, 



100 yards Himdicap for Eurojieans. — Heat L — Moffat won by 3 
yards from Bugnal* Day being close up, all in this heat were scratch 
meu. Heat 2, — PoundalU scratch, won by 5 yai-ds from Dnm. 
Final Heat — Poundall ran away from his men and won easily by 
several yards, Durie being second. 

For this race the Resident present a very handsome silver cigarette 

The morning's proceedings ended up with an Obstacle Kace, which 
was very fuuny» tin" obstaL-les conBisted oi wsigon covers pegL/ed to the 
groimd, under whiih competitors had to cmwl, cords, through which 
tliey had to get, going through l>arrels sus|iended in the air and 
finally over greasy planks. 

1 Hunter, 2 C. Labrooy, 3 P. B. T. Richards. 

Thanks are due to ail those who assisted and enabled the men 
to enjoy a thoroughly good morning. ^Z. 


PEFORE giving an account of the very suecessfnl little meeting 
which was held here on Saturday, the I9lh inst., I should like 
to say a few words about the difticulty which is experienced in 
getting ui* a real gymkhaua in Selangor. During the last week 
or 80 I have frequently heard it asked. Why don't we run gvnik lianas 
here on the same lines as they do in India, Ceylon, and elsewhere ? 
The answer to this is. in my opinion, very simple — viz., we have not 
a sufficient numlver of ponies. In India, for example, nearly every 
station has its Polo 01 ub, the memln^rs of whirb always keep three or 
four ponies ; whilst here the majority of men keep one trai^|ier to 
take them ti* office and to the Club in the evening, tmly the luckier 
ones guing to the expense of kt^]>ing a horse ttr ]>ouy for h^uking. 
The const^quence is tliat after driving his animal down to the eonrse 
an owner thinks twice before taking it t»ut «jf the Bhafts, e!a]>ping a 
saddle on its back, running it in two or thn^e events and finally 
harnessing the wretched beast up again and driving hack to town. 

' Great was the outcry also in various jilaces when it was under- 
stood that the Club intended holding lotteries and a pari mniife! 
on three of the events, and expressions auch as *' leading innocent 
youngsters to destrurtionp" and such like, were heard whis|Hr^red about 
in corners at th*^ Club. These sage jirotectors of the morals and 
pockets of the innocent yi>oth of Selaugor quite forget that ti> run 
a meeting, howt-ver small, <osls money, and that unless a Club is in an 
exceptionally sound financial condition it must look for some return 
from either a gymkhaua or race meetiui^^ in order to pay the 
nei:e.Bsary expenses, not forgetting upkeep of the racecourse ; besides 
_W »t \h a well-proved fact that the chance of winning or losing 

"mall the amount may be. always adds considerably 
Lny gann:^ or sport ; and, after all, sunsly one of the 


for getting up any sort of sport here is to help to relieve 
!&€ BMiiioleiiT of the nol over exciting life whicli we are eomjielled to 
hmd m tlie Gorgeous Ea^t. 

Tb Gomt lo the racing ; the first event down for decision was the 
FftperdiA«e Cup, for horses that had l>een ridden in Paperchases, 
ttttdi weight 12 8t. Of the four entries Black King was installed 
imtounU.\ Banker Wing next in demand, whilst Old Gold and Port 
wte»tiwed Tery littlt* support. A good stiirt saw Black Khig on the 
mill making the pa<'e a t.'racker» ckisely followed bv Port, whilst Old 
OM and Bunker had to he ridilen haid to keep their pliK^es ; rounding 
i}ie home lx*nd the first-mentiuned pair drew right a^vay tVoin tlie 
others and a pretty race ensued, Black King hokliug his own to the 
end fairly comfortably. Port, who was i:arrying nearly a stone over- 
weight, ran as game as a pt-bbli^ and had his owner been able to ride 
the weight would, I think, have In^en very near winniDg. 

A field (vf eight faeed tlie starter for the race for horses 15 hands 
and under, Ltidy Frolic, Vi^en and Be^i^ie receiving most support. 
To a very mgged start Atfrshire juiiiped away with the lead, hut was 
soon pasged by Bessie, wliose jockey, trying to make the most of his 
light weight, shoved her along tor all she was worth. AijrMre, how- 
ever, in spite of hla cnisher of 12.7, was not to be denied and eoming 
into the atraight again took command, Lady Frolic, Miiharcini aud 
Vixen being elose up. Ayrshire, nmiiiug on gamely under the whip, 
stalled off a vigorous ehalleuge liy Vi^ren aud beKl his own to the end ; 
Lady Frolic, who set*med to be a Itit liamperetl a1 the turn, coming up 
with a rush aud just beatiug Mttharani for third place. In this race 
the Resident -General kindly preseiiled a lup to be won by the Paj>er- 
chase horse who finished nearest the winner, this trophy bBing secured 
by Fia-^w. 

The handicap for ponies 14 hands and under hroiight out a field 
af fuur, Mydcry Inking installed a hot favourite. For the first furlong 
or so Snotvdrop, My fit cry an*! Kcjtfrcl ran in a bun eh, Bmthmtin Ijeing 
quite out- classed; shortly ufter Ibis Kciitrd began to hold out signals 
of distress, and the race was rediKed to a match between the two tirst 
mentiitned. All the way up the stniight the issue was in doubt, Ixith 
ponies having bad alxmt entMigh of it aud rolling considerably. 
*Snowdrop, however, just managed U> kei:*p her head in front aud 
lauded the very respectable odds uf 7 to 1 for her supporters. 

Shortly after the decision of this race the rain came dow^u in 
torrents and it was feared that the fun was all over for that afternoon ; 
but after a long delay the stfiriii passed away and the competitfirs for 
the form jumping put in an appearance. The t)l)8taeles to W negotiated 
were first of all a brush tcuee four feet high, tiien an iii-and*out jump 
aud lastly another brush fence. Old Gtdd, ridden by his owner, was 
the first U) make the attempt, but he didn't seem to relish the state 
of the ground, which wiis very slippeiT after the rain, and made a mess 
of it, Tlien came Port, wlio carried away one of the wings of the 
first jump, but negotiated the remainder in good style. Btt^ne wt>uld 
not Imve them at any j-rice and was soou sent Ijack })\ the judges. 
Banker did not jump in his usual good style, chancing his hurdles 




badlv» Mistral and Vixen peTformed well and looked, after the first 
round, as if tlie issue woidd lie between them* Jack turned his head 
at nothini^, but whether he went tbrou^^h or over seemed to be a 
matter of complete intliffeiNmce both to himself and owner, Watei'^ 
rat jumped in g<x>d form and looked to stand a j^n^od ehance of 
winning. Poii's second attempt, however, pnt everjthinj^^ else into 
the shade, and althongb bi>th V'tTen and Mid rat acqnitted themselves 
well neither thej nor Water-rat jnmj>ed their fences as cleanly as he 
did, and to him the jiidj^es awarded the prize* It was too dark ti> go 
on when this event was closed* and it was decided to finish off the 
}>rogramnie on the follow in)»? Tuesday afternoon. In the meantime, 
sevenil matches had been arranged and so we vrere enablerl to look 
forward to an afternoon's sport nearly as interesting*' as the first. 

The first event to Ije decided on Tues<hiy was the hi^h jump for 
all horses, for this Fort, Banker, Old Gold, MIdruI, Viteii and Nighi- 
shadt" were entered. The bur was j>ut at 3 ft^'t 6 inches Ut commence 
with and all cleared this in j=rood style. At 4 feet Poii and Nufhhhaile 
got over at their second attempt. Mistral, Vlxt^n and Old Quid only 
just failing to clear it ; at 4 fi'ct 6 inches Pi^rt and NitjhlHhadc were the 
two left in, but both bnnrght the bar down ; at his next try Port, 
finely ndden by his owner, cleared in g<H>d style, and NigkiBhade fail- 
ins^ in her next two essays U^ft him the winner. 

A match bctw(*en Ladi/ Frolic and AijrHhite was next on the 
t^ard, the mare havinjj 5 n>, the best of the weicrbts. Tht*y jumped off 
well together at the ^xq furlong post, but before they had g<me many 
strides Mr. Gibson* with a liberal a]»plication of the whip, inanagecl to 
get abont a length ohead* and appurently thinking that he was the 
regulation distance in front, he cross4?d over on to the rails, compelling 
Mr. King to pull l>ack. From this point Ayrshire nevi*r got his head 
in front, Lady Frolic wnnning fairly easily. Being a gymkhana only* no 
nt>tice was taken of the cross, Imt 1 hear that the owner of AijrRhire 
was far frt>m sutisUed that it was a tnie run race and another match 
at the same weights will nn*st likely l>e the outcome. The ladies' 
driving com j>et it inii eame next, and tin* judges and referees in fear and 
trembling tcn^k up their positions. The entries for this event were 
Mrs, Spooner, Mrs. Leach, Mrs. Syers, Mrs. Stafford, Mrs. Donglns and 
Mj"s. D*Arcy Irvine, and it proved to l>e one of the most successful 
events of the meeting. The driving of all the competitors was, without 
exception, excellent, both as to style andaccnracy, and the judges must 
liave had a difficult task to pick the whinner. How^ever, it being impos- 
sible for all to win the prize, after totaling up the numl*er of hits as 
recorded by the referees at eath |>eg, they gave out their verdict as 
f(>lIows : Mrs, Dniiglas first and the remainder second. The j>rize, a 
gold-mounted ilriving %vhi[», presented by Mrs. Rtidgcr, was given aw^ay 
at. the close of the proceedings by Lady MitchelL 

After this event three of lust meetiug*s griffins— viz.. Besnie, Dijhjo 
and Bnnied Flush — came out for a lixo furlong spin at cateh weights. 
Busfted Flush was out of it from the start, and Bcfisi*; and Dimjo ran 
neek and neck to the bend, where Dingo on the rails ran wide and let 
Up Besgie who won pretty comfortably. 


A match between Black King and Old Gold for five furlongs, won 
fairly ea«iljr by the latter, brought a Tery siicccBsful afternoon's B|K)rt 
to a <!ont'lusion. — The man in the Lalang, 


PNE of the most impirtant |>oint6 to lie observed by a planter, if 
not the most iojjM>i'taiit. h the rei^ular weeding of his clearing. 
T*^ keep your instate free t'lMiii weedti from the l)eginiiiiij^ is a very 
easy matter, Imt haviiijLj cmee allowed it to get into a weti'dy state, 
it is a most diflieolt tiling to ^et H clean atraiu, and it will take 
about two years of regulai* weeding and will cost almost as much ag 
opening a new clearing ; mdeed, it may oft-cn l>e advisable, instead of 
trying tu put a neglected place to rights, to abandon it altogether and 
to open new land. 

To keep an eatate ch^an, you must start wet^'ding immediately after 
burning the jungle and you must continue to do so regularly at least 
once every month. A good many old and experienced planters argue 
that it doe« no harm to have weeds ; that, on the contrary, in hilly 
ground, it prevents the ti>]:i soil from Wing washed away and saves 
the roots of the coffee from lieing exposed to the Him, Believe me, 
the plunt4/r who argues thus is either a fool himself, or he thinks that 
you are one. 1 was of this way of thinking myself long ago, Imt I 
never thought my listeners the foc»l8 ; in ray case, I was the ignoramus, 
led into the mistake by advice given to me by men who should 
have known better. It is rather a sorry jolce to play on a yoimg 
planter, and J tlun't see where the fun €<mies in in misleading a poor 
feMow win* a]>peals to one for advice. And yt't there are a nundier of 
people who delight in taking, what they are pleased to term, " a rise " 
out of a new hand. 

The weeds wiil at>.Horb all the nourishment instead of the young 
roffiH*. and if allowed to grow up will sufE.»eate it altogether ; they 
will also 1 1 re vent the rain from penetrating the soil and reaching the 
roots of thi.' t"off*jH3. 

If you could turf y*mr estate carefully and keep the torf trimmed 
and abort and the soil cleared and forked f<>r alx>ut 2 feet all round 
each coffee ti\M\ as has lM.*i/n doue experimentally in some gardens, 
your coffee would no drtylkt greatly l)enefit ; Imt this wotdd l*e a very 
diflfienlt matter, ami it w<mld eosl much more than weeding — in faet* 
it would never do on a eoffe*^ u si ale on a large scale. 

The weeding, as I have alivady said, must V>e d<uie regtdarly from 
the very Ix'giniiing sit least once a muntli. the weeds most be taken 
out witli the rt»ots and then be either burned or buried, never leave 
tliem lying aliout yonr clearing lielween the coif ee ; if you do, they 
will grow up again in no time and l»i* worse than liefore. If an estate 
is clean, a woman will Ik- able to weed from 20() to 4tMj trees in a day ; 
but if vour estate is under weeds, she wUl not Ik* able to do more 



than 10 ta 20 trees. Thus 100 iicres of coffee may 1>e kept clean bj 
six to 12 toolies ; hut if once under weeds, yon requii*e from 80 to 100 
coolies to do it. 

Tlie result of neglect will not sbow itself on a coffee tree al! at 
once; you may have yuur weeds gntwin^^ a lon^' titue and not see any 
bad effeet, l>ut when once tlie I tad eft'ect is seen, when your trees get 
Beedy and be^^in to fall off and to die out, then it will, in moat eases, 
be too late for remedial measures ; no amount of weeding and manur- 
ing will thee bring the tree back a^^ain to its former strong and 
hejilthy condition, and even if your tit^e eventually recovers, it will 
only be after a long course of careful nourisbmeut and nursing that 
any siga of improvement will be naticeable. Prevention in this ease, 
again, is better than cure. 

But should you by accident get jour coffee into such a Imd state 
that the trees l>ec(inie bare and look as if tliey were dying, although 
yon have for a long time already l>een carefully nursing them, don't 
despair. As k>ng as there is life there is hope, and very often, when 
the trees are locking their worst, the experienced eye may discover 
signs of iioi>rrivement and recovery. Let me compare such a tree with 
a man brr^ught by fever to the very point oi di^ath, he has just got 
over it and is on the path to recovery, he feels like a new-lxu'n child, 
and yet evei'jlKHly who meets him will say ; ** Heavens, what is the 
matter with you r Y*m d<.» look l>ad.'' 

Let me now imagine that from one cause or another your estate 
lias got under weeds and that yuu wish to gi^t it clean. This is to be 
done only in a systematic way : first, weed at^out 2 to 3 feet round 
the coffee trees to give them air and to prevent them from being 
suffocated ; and, secondly, l>egin weeding your estate at one end and go 
right on for 21 days. Weed tis far as yon can get within that time, 
then begin again from the point where you first started. You will 
get through it nmrh quicker this time, fM?rhaj>s in 14 days^ this leaves 
you seven days mf>re to go on weeding new ground, and so on every 
time you will W able to weed more trees with the labour force at your 
disposal, until at last you will lie able to get right tbr^jugh the whole 
of your estate within 21 days. Then is the time to gradually decrease 
the number of coobcs employed on weeding, until your clearing is again 
in a normal c<mdition, then you can get through your work with 
the ordinary number of coolies. But, let me teM you, this will take 
about two years. 

My reason for advising you to wi^ed once in 21 days is tliat most 
of the weeds blossom witbin 21 days, and you must therefore weed 
before that time, otherwise they will throw out new seed, which will 
he blown and scattered all over the estate, and the weeds instead of 
diminishing will spread more and more every time yon attempt to 
destroy them. 

Some planters may advise you trO go right through with your 
weeding, tnen if it takes you two months to uet round the first time. 
Each time you go round, they say, you will have less weeds and be 
able to do it in less time, the second time you will probably Iw able 
to get through your wec(.hng in ouu month. * But if you follow this 



advk-e you will uever sucvifed in getting yuur estate dtati ;j,L;iun, iiiu<3 
Itihs* l)e able i\i koup it cleiin. 


Having planted out your trix^s, yon mu«t not inmgiue tluii you 
can Ix^ idle and wait qui*.^tly until they begin to bear. TlieJT:* am 
many things to do and to look aft4?r j of course yon cannot do them 
all at once, so let ns take theui one by one. First there is the 
''supplying,** This means that when a tre<^! htis died or does not grow 
to your Hatisfuction, it is replaced or 8Up]>Iied by another. After the 
first good shower of rain— or, nithcn*, after every good shower — you put 
your xnvn tm to this work. Don*t wait until you actually want to do tlie 
work, to find out which trees want supplying, l»ut do this lvfori*hund. 
Examine each tree aB you walk through the plantation, and wherever 
you find a tree that wants supplying mark it in some eonsj/icuoua w*ay, 
say, by putting in an anahkayn. You know then what you have to 
do, and iramediiitely after a good shower you are aide to do it. without 
your coolies running all over the f»lace with biutkets full of young 
trees and changkols, hunting here aiid there for dead treee which 
require supplying. 

Yery often a planter hcHitateti to i*ephice a seedy looking tree, 
thinking that wiHv can* and attentive nursing i1 may recover. This is 
misplaced eentinientality. a! though it is ijuite auatm'al human feeling, 
and I have given way to it iuy«elf iut>re tlmn once. In some leases I 
have had the aatiRfaetion of seidug the tree i*eeover, but in mo«t eaaes I 
have been disappointed. In a pnuttical phinter*« life mentiment is out 
of place: we are here to plant coffet* with the distinct object in view of 
making it pay. and there is no doubt that 'it pays much IxHter to 
rephice a doubtful tree, by a fresh and healthy one. than to try and 
improve it. 

An I go on I find myself repeating the words, *' this is of groat 
importance/' and I have come to the couclufeion that everything with 
regai-d to coffee [» Ian ting iw of great importance, and I cannot close this 
chapter without calling your attention again to the impmlanee of 
early and regular eupj^lying. 

The exp>t»nses of weediog. buildingn. KUpervitiion, drains, etc.. will he 
exactly the same for an aci^ of good and healthy trees as tliey will lie 
for an acre of seedy; half-starved or struggling-for-life miserable 
things ; but whilst the former tn couriw? of lime will give you hand- 
Bonie returns and great satisfaction, the latt<er will always remain a 
source of heavy i ^ n-e, without return** but with unlimited 

worrv, t ro u ble a a ^ i J act ion . Now j udge f o r y o u J*«c 1 f , an d say 

whetWr supplying i^ t)t imi^ortitnce or not. 

A friend of miue once r* "marked : " Any fool can jilant coffee 
and open an estate, but it is in the pruning and handling where 
tile ex]jerienee of the planter ^hows ittfi'lf* It is an art, and you 
must know what you are about. If you don't, you had Iwtli'r !♦ av«* tht* 
tree a) one. and probably much legn harm will be d»>ne than b\ cutting off 
any t|UaDtity of wood and bniuches which cannot be jiut on again. If 


left to itself the coffee will generally develop into a nice and regularly 
shaped tree, and grow up to a height of 20 to 30 feet. But we do not 
allow our trees to grow so high, generally we top them when they are 
about 5 or 6 feet above the ground, just so high that a cooly can pick 
the berries without having to use a ladder. One might wonder why a 
tree should be cut off 5 feet alx)ve the ground when its natural habit 
is to grow up to 20 or 30. The reason is, that when the tree grows 
up the higher branches develop at the expense of the lower ones, 
whilst a tree topped 5 or 6 feet alx>ve the ground will shoot all 
its strength into the lower branches and make them spread over a 
much wider surface and bear more fruit than otherwise ; then there is 
the advantage, as I have mentioned already, that you do not require 
ladders to pick your crop, which is a distinct advantage, for the use of 
them will always cause a certain amount of damage to the tree, how- 
ever careful you may be. 

Some planters believe in letting their trees grow up to any height, 
notvrithstanding the above diflBcnlties and the diflSculty of handling 
and pruning such trees, and as marriage is a failure when it is a 
failure, so is a coffee tree a success when it is a success, and both 
ways — " the topping " as well as the " not toi)ping " — have their advan- 
tages and their disadvantages ; but where eminent men differ, I do 
not consider myself a competent judge to decide which of the two 
systems deserves preference. 

Coffee is a plant which requires continual looking after ; from the 
moment it is put into the nursery until the last day of its existence it 
must be attended to regularly every month. There is, for instance, 
the handling. As the coobes go along weeding they remove all 
suckers and dirt from the trees, bend the branches, and clean the stem 
from aJl parasites, ants, etc. Suckers are branches which grow up- 
wards from the tree, and which would, if left alone, develop into 
another stem. 

Then there is the pruning. But before I begin to describe the 
pruning, I must explain the different parts of the coffee-tree, or you 
will get be^vildered about suckers, gormondisers, primaries, etc. 

A tree consists of (1) the stem ; (2) the branches growing out of 
the stem, under these I do not include the " su(!kers," which I have 
already explained, but branches growing out of the stem and spread- 
ing to the right and left of the tree and not growing upwards, these 
are called the " primaries " ; (3) the branches, which grow out of the 
primaries, these are called the " secondaries " ; (4) of the branches 
which grow out of the secondaries, these are called " tertiaries " ; and 
(5) the branches which grow upwards out of the above branches, these 
are called " gormondisers." Gormondisers, in the same way as 
suckers, will develop into individual trees and will take away the 
strength from the original tree, they nourish on it, and it accordingly 
suffers, and therefore all suckers and gormondisers are carefully cut 
off and not allowed to develop to any size. 

The tree may have as many primaries^ and secondaries and 
tertiaries as nature will produce, but never allow any secondaries 
to grow out of a primaiy within a si)ace of 6 inches from the stem, so 


tlttH ligjit mad Mir emu alvmrt pesietnie ri^t along the 

a htm Am additiopal ^d^MMtm^ af rc;ii«ienB^ it «ttT lor Ske «oofy 

to eramiiir tW tt^ mod U# hs^ it dcAii. AH de^l w«M9d » cod off w 

tme. Seva" «]lci« iMitr tliaa one Imaeb ta grcm out oC iIk tree I 

one and tJb« fluae qtcil, if tiiisr a^ two or tlirae. lemoie tke 

ABd cnlj leame Urn *jf>0i wlzi^-h prumii«« la tttm oat tbe lieit AD 

htmnAem gruwmg u|/w&rdji and dL/wnwanls and inwaids iwflitWMi of ' 

outwatd« are cut off. 

Thk IB the art of pmmmg^ io Car aa I can explain it bem II ii 
eaay, when toii know tu but, He* 

Mr. J. :^emisoii« in lib **ColEm PlaateKs Maaiial" (third editiott, 
Colombo : A. If . and J, Vetgnmm^ ISM), among other remarka abottt 
pruning, writet : ** Where a plantatioii faaa been carefuUj tended in 
its earlier yearn ; whete it haa be«o properly and regolarlr bandied^ it 
will not, when it armet at maturity, give much trouble in triiaming ; 
and eicept the cutting of dead wood, or wood that has borne (for the 
same wood never bears twice) « reniorin^ suckem, cross branches, and 
exuberant shoota from the «^entre and alon^; the primaries in the waj 
henmfter explained, there will l>e Tenr little to do in that One for some 
time. It i« after an estate haa h»onie two or three crops — after it has, 
either from orercutting or from want of timelr handling, been allowed 
to get matted, umbrella- topped, or choked up by supeAuous wood — 
that the real difficulty of pruning l>egins. It is now, too, that the 
planter's skill and science are called into play/' And, later on, "I 
now come to what I conflider the most important step in the pruning 
of the tree — the secondaries — because you have to deal with what is 
to give a great part of your next year*M crop.'* 

A writer, whom I have alretuJy quoted. " W..** a well-known pUinter 
of great experience, in an able paper on Pruning, which he addressed 
some years ago to the Planters' Association, describes tbis o|)eration, 
and that of liandling generally, so well, that I take the lil>erty of 
giving his <1in?€tionB in hts own words; — **To ensure a regular and 
strong tree, then, handling must l>e resorted to early. In driing so 
take off all tlie bninches that are within 6 inches of the istem, and 
make an o|>eniiig of 1 foot in circumference in the centre of the tree. 
This, IjeaiJes strengthening the primaries, will |KTmit the sun and 
air to jieuetrate, both of which are l>enelicial to the growtli ot the tree 
as well iis the ripening of crop* Next run along the primaries and 
single out the secondaries, leaving no pairs, but one secondary only at 
each joint, on either side of the primary alternately. This. I know, is 
thought very ounecessarv. l>y a large class of planters, but if they will 
only study the tree itself thev will find that although nature llarows 
out the secondaries in pairs almost invariably one is stronger than the 
other; and by a little care the strong ones can be left and the weak 
ones taken off. It is better to look to the strength of the wood than 
the quantity of it* As secontlaries left on too near the stem tend to 
weaken the primaries, so ch* they when left in pairs, cramping as 
it were, that expansion which takes place under the treatment I 

(To be cotUimiedJ 

ro. 3.— Vol, Y.^IStk October, 1S96\ 


THE Eesident-Generd returned from Perak uu Wednesdaj, 
aud leaves iigain this wet?k for Sm^atK.irt?, Thci Et^mei-ahla 
is not available at present, having ha<l the blades of her 
propeUer injured last week ; she is now in Sing^iipore, undergoing 

The title of Assistant Sui>erin ton dent of Police (post held by 
Mr. E. L. M. Edwardij) h changed to that of AssiKtant ConiniiBsioner 

of Police. Mr. Erie A. Dickson, son of the late Sir Frederiek 

Dickson » has joined the service aa Junior Officer* He is attached to 

the District Office, Kuala Selan^r, Megara, A* J. W. Watkins and 

A. R. Venning have lieen appointed as a Committee of Management 

for the Selangor Govornmeut Railway Mutual Guarantee Fund* 

Dr. A. Hertz, District Surgeon, has resigned the sei*viee, owing, we 

are sorry to hear* to very serious domestic afflictions at home. 

Mr. C. W. Hewgill, Advocate and Solicitor, has taken up his residence 
in Kuahi Lumpur. Then3 are rumours of several other legal gentle- 
men coming here. 

A Genebal Meeting of tliose interested in Church matters will 
be held at the Selangor CluV) to-morrow (Saturday, the 17th inst.), at 
6.30 p.m. J. P. Rod;<cr, Esi]., British Resident, has kindly consented 
to take the chair. The following eubjc«;ts will be submitted to the 
meeting : — Ri'sigDatton of Church Committee ; election of new Com- 
mittee ; conaidemtion of a letter from the Chuphiin. All are invited 
to attend. 

A PULPIT DESK, of carved wood, and an altar denk. in brass, 
both of theoi of iiandsome design and excellent eicecution, have been 
presented to St, Mary's Church, Kuala Lumpur, by Mr. and Mrs. 
St. Leger Parsons, respectively* 

Me8. Cobmac is visiting lady for the Kuala Lumpur Samaritan 
Society for the cuiTent month, and ^Lrs. Stafford for November. We 
are requested to make an appeal i<y all sul>JScnl>erH to the Fund that 
they will lie so goo<l as to send their monthly subscriptions regularly 
either to Mrs. Bartholomeusz, or to Mrs. Wilson, or to the Secretary, 
Mrg. Sycrs, 


The final for the Rodger Football Cup was to have been plajed on 
Siiturday last; but the Klang team did not put in au appearance, 
owing, it was said, to their losing the train. The Match will be plaved 
to-morrow, Saturday, the 17th, at 4.45 p.m. 

A List of the Sclangor Civil Service has been published for the 
use of Government. The list is of officers drawing an annual salanr 
of 31,200 and upwards, it is dated July, and contains 104 names. 

Port Dickson will l>e enfrte on the 26th and 27th inst, the occa- 
sion is the opening of the new sea-side Beri-beri Hospital. It doesn't 
sound cheerful, we must admit ; but " lict the bowl pass," etc, " I 
warrant 'twill prove an excuse for the glass," and the dance, and the 
concert, and many other good and enjoyable tilings. 

The lustallation Meeting of Read Lodge will be held on Monday, 
the 26th inst., when Wor. liro. Sanderson will be installed as Master 
for the ensuing year. The usual banquet will be held in the hall after 
the closing of Lodge. 

On Wednesday, the 21st inst.. there will be a Moonlight Band 
outside the Selangor Club, the band will play at 9 p.m. instead of at 5. 

The cage-like style of architecture adopted for native schools is 
peculiar in appearance, and can hardly ho described as ornamental. It 
may, however, be admirably adapted for its purpose, and prove just 
the kind of building that is wanted ; on this point we can't speak, 
never having l>cen inside one. But the general apix^arance would not 
suffer if some care were bestowed on the school compounds: we need 
only point to gardens fronting many of our police stations to show 
what might be done. 

The swamps adjoining the railway level crossing at Petaling Street, 
near the Sultan Street Station, are lx»ing filled in, and when finished 
will effect a great improvement in the appearance of that part of 
the town. Town sweepings. ]>resumably, are being used for this pur. 
I>ose, and, given some discrimination and plenty of fresh earth to act 
as a deodoriser, no objection oouM be taken to this method ; but, the 
other day, the stench arising from the filling was something too utterly 
vile to descriU*. Possibly market sweepings preponderated over 
crdinary road swee[»ings; but. whaU.»ver the n^ason may have been, it 
certainly se^mis a trifle risky to d< 'posit su<-h muck in the heart of a 
crowded town in the troj>ic«. 



We were very glad to m-^d in the minutes of the Sanitary Board 

that a resident of Kuala Lnmpiir haTin^ complaini?d of the absence 
of lamps along the road leadini^^ to his bungalow. ** the Sanitary Board 

Engineer be requested to have the necessary lamps erected/* From 

thia we gather hope, and trust that before long lamps will Ix^ erected 
on the paths leading fi*ora the Plain to the Government Officea and 
Barracks. There is no exaggei-ation in saying that the path is exceed- 
ingly dangerous on dark nights, and the recMi'nt heavy rainy, having 
washed off the gravel and worn deep ruts in its surface, have not 
tended to improve it. 

The meeting caUed for the purpose of taking steps to j>erpetiiat-e 
the memory of Mr. Steve Harper was huld at 6 p.m. on Saturday, the 
lOth inst,, at the Selangor Club, Mr. H. F. Bellamy in the chair, and 
some thirty other gentlemen being present. The notice calling the 
meeting and letters from Mr. F. A. Swett^r'uham and Captain Syers 
were read, and the chairman referred to the official and social qualities 
of the late Mr. Steve Harper and to the general o|>iuion that the 
universal respect in which he was held should bu tMt pressed in jsome 
sort of memorial . The following gentlemen were appointed as a Com- 
mittee : Messrs. Alexander. Bellamy, Crompton, Edwards, Hutteubach, 
Loke Yew* H, 0. Muynard, Ridges, 0. Sanderson, Syers* Tambusamy 
Pillai, Travers and Yaj> Kwau Seng (Captain China). The following 
propositions were brought before the meeting (1) That a "Steve 
Hai'per Bed for Distressed Europeans " be endowed at the General 
Hospital ; (2) that a '* Steve Harper Fund for Distressed Europeans '* 
be founded ; and (3) that a '* Steve Harper Scholarship '' \>e endowed 
at the Yict/jria Institution. It was resolved that the Committee take 
into consideration the alwve suggestions 4ind report at an adjourned 
meeting to be held on a date of which notice will be given. With 
a vote of thanks to the chair the meeting was adjourned »ine du\ 
The Committee will meet at p,uL at the Selangor Club on Monday 
neit, the 19th inst. 

Theee are one or two points which may be stated in favour 
of making the memorial to the late Mr. S. E. Haqjer take the shape 
of a Scholarehip at the Victoria Institution, Wliatever scheme may 
be adopted it is essential to its success that subscriptions should 
be general and tliat a respectable simi should be collected. Mr, 
Harper was a man who won the respect alike of Chinese, Indians and 
Malays, and a large numljer of each nationality will only be too 
willing to subscribe let the memorial take whtit form it may. It 
must, however, strike auvoiie who gives the mutter a moment's 




ilioughi, that it wuuUl \h^ suDietliiug auspieiuuijly like selfisbneea to 
cnliect a large sum from all UHtioualiticB and th*fu devote it to the 
rclirf of one — that ia, to e^duw a lied or provide a fund for distressed 
Eur<^>peaiia, A scholarship, on the contrary, would be open to the 
children all natioualitieg. Agjuii^ to administer a fund fur tho relief 
of distressed persons, of aay race or creed, means that a committee 
must always he in existence to exercise a constant and vigilant guard 
a^^ainst imposition on the part of what we may call beach combers. A 
scholarship would not need this. Further, although a bed at the 
hospital is un excellent idea from a charitable point uf view, we do 
not think tliat the ol»jcct aimed at — ie„ to keep Steve Harper's 
memory green— will be so fully attained in this way, as by the 
aauual competition i^hich would take place among the boys fur the 
scholarship ; anO, in addition, his oame would Ix* associated with 
brightness and success instead of with i>overty and suffering. 

The regular monthly meeting of the Committee of the Selangor 
Club was held on Saturday, the 10th inst., Mr. C. E. F, Sanderson 
(in the chair), Dr. Ti avers, Mr. Geo. Cumming, Mr. J. Russell and 
Mr, A, R. Bligh (Secretary) being present. The following getitlemea 
were elected members of the Club: Messrs, H, W, W, Adam, 
F- Belfield, A. McB. Graham, W. Greig and J. Inch, and Captain H. L. 
Talbot. The question of removing papers and magasjines from the 
Cliil) and the stei>8 to be taken for the detection of the offenders wan 
discussed. The reports of thp various sub-committees for the past six 
months were considered; the Secretary's report and iinaucial state- 
ment for the past six months were put before the meeting, which 
adjourned (ill Wednesday, the 14th inst. 

At the adjourned m€H?ting. Mr. R. G. Watson (Yiee President), 
Dr. Travei*s. Messrs. Gumming, Bo u gal, Russell. Sanderson and A. K, 
lili^di (Secretary) were present. The estimates for t be ensuing six 
months were framed, aod the folhiwing report for presentation to the 
meml>erB, drawn up by Dr. Travers (Htuise Coomiittee Member), was 
adopted : 

Gentlemen,— In layinj^' bufore you the usual half yearly statement 
of accounts, with an estimate of revenue and expc^nditure for the cur- 
rent half year, your Committee, have great pleastire in pointing out 
that after a most successful six months* work, the Club has attained 
an extremely satisfactory tinancial position. 

The liabilities of the Cliib have Ijeen reduced from $8,294.2(i on 
1st Apnl, 18^6, to 5^7,538.82 on Ist October. After deducting the sum 
of $6,170 owing to memlx^rs on debentures, the remaining sum of 
$1,868.82 represents the total of the Chib'n debts. It consists only 



of montlilv bills, wliich are now settlcHi regolarly, and will be more 
than met by the amount of $2,118.1)3 due for members' accounts for 
the month of September. 

The balance of assets over lial*ilities has l>een increased from 
$4fi2SM on the last balance sheet to 1H,570J13. 

The item Cash at Bank stood on 1st October at the substantial 
figure of 82,062.36; thi«, with the ad^lition of S89 then m the hands 
of the Secretary, represents an increase of ^342,36 on the funds avail- 
able on Ist April. 

Tlie working accoimt sbows a profit of $542 against an estimate of 

Tn addition to the usual df'du«"ti<»u of 5 per cent, on tlie value of 
the building and 10 \>e>r cent, on the vabie of the furniture, a sum of 
?21L90, owing t<i the Club !>y defaulting members, has l>een written off. 

Tlie expenditure during the last six months was §61,26 less than the 
amount estimated for. 

In framing the estimates for the current Bix montlia, jour Com- 
mittee, taking into consideration the presetit fa\^oumble |>osition uf 
the Club, have, with the assistancu of a sub-tMmimittee esiXH'iitllv 
formed for the purpose, made provision for some important alterations 
and improvements in the Club building, which they trust may meet 
with the approval of members. 

The proposed works are Kiriefly as follows :^ 

1. Levelling tljc CML*ment verandah and passages leading into 
the bar on both sides of the Clul) and substituting a door- 
way for the window near the dressing room, 

2. Putting up a large screen in the lavatory, 

3. Raising the roof of the bar room and making an opening 
for ventilation in the wall lietween the bar room and the 
foot of the stairs. 

4. Extending the verandah in the front of the Club for another 
12 feet, so as to form a good [lavilion from whicli matches 
and sports can be watehed vrith comfort. The present 
narrow verandah is by no mean suitable, and tliis alter- 
ation, for which yiians were kindly made out by Mr. Highet, 

has ba^n under considenition for a long time. 

The Committee are indebted to Mr. Nicholas for the trouble he 
has taken in making out estimates for these w^orks. 

The total cost of the additions and alterations, allowing for contin* 
gencies, is estimated at $1,000. 

A sum of ?1.000 has been put down for the purchase of a new 
billiard table, this has been necessary for some time and will not only 


iJd %• iLr rn;- -T njr-r.: -f i La^.^r i:-:z:Vr .: Tn-n^-eri 1"-n: will b? a 

of a hflliiri tji'lr in::\iii • -5i\rrl'> : -h^ r^l-r of :be Chib 
liiliir.j ii.i :-:j^:: .:>-. z :i;-^ Lis "'--r* . : :-! : :!- i*s«-t* or to the 
dni>-z:.i-=-i:.:e: f.r Iti>- i.^- - — -^ii i-- .-:. j.? :: :*r -ipT^^Ne 

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1 — T TVii i-I :: v rr v.: ---: •*- !:-■'•< : :br U*t 
o. — T. :.i** :r. .•.,•••.::*.:> 

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ov ::i^>*^ e:: : : o Ar.y v.: • ::■ ". y r : o I r : :■ k : r » a >: .•. - . \ .■.■..>:■..:■ ; a " : r: * Azi-.ri- 

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$ba n^V A i . :i v.d « ill .i^ :>s' ^^ ■. : 1 -. •. ^ .- ! . ■*. \' w •. v. ^ . • v.-. '•..,•."> ■ ■ : . ■ : : r •::: 
the 5v:-.5;--: P : : , T . s:. hi .iw^*-"' -■:; v.;V'-v V. V :: .: -r-i 

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and faithfull\ l\\ ihr Uw K\\yi:\\\\ \UsV\w\\. K N '.';• M •..■:. -asI 
Ooimoil havo in;uio a \WM*:u\d. ^^.» >\nituiv so think, .; r.'^ v.lAr s* Va::.^:: 



Captain IMackenzie has Ix^t'ii but a bIioH time iu Sbangbai* but on 
several occasions he has fulfilled Batisfactorily the duties of Suijerin- 
tendent of Police in the absence of his chief. Bt'ing a young man 
and a good sj-ort, he made himself extremely popular and hie work 
alone as adjutant of the Vobmteers testifies to his ability to fulfil the 
duties set before him. He takes a great interest in the Police Force 
and the Police cricket team owes its formation and success to him. 
By his promotion to the head of the Police, unfortunately the Volun- 
teers, Tendered so efficient since Captain Mackenzie's eonnectiun with 
the corpSp will suffer a loss. The Conncil, we believe, will not allow 
him to remain Adjutant of the Volunteers, Imt they may permit him 
to become Commandant. It is to lie hoped the Coumib in a jj-enerons 
moment, will relent. Captain Macki'nzie entered the Koyal Marine 
Light Infantry in September, lB7fi; in IBBO he joined the Staff Corps 
as subaltern and was promoted captain in 1885, In 1887 he prti- 
ceeded to the Gold Coast, taking a colonial apfjH)intmeut with the 
Houssas. He next went to the Stiuits Settlements iu 1888, spending 
two years and a half in Province Wellesley with the P*>lice, and was 
appointed Commander of the Sungei TJjong Police in 18J>0. In 189*5 
he joined the Shanghai Municipal Police as Deputy Siiperinteudent 
Thus Captain Mackenzie's experience, energy and abiHiy justifies 
the selection by the Council We l»elieve there were two other 
candidates for the post,'* 

The S.S, Gazette of 9th October eontains the diuft of a revised 
Education Code prepared l>y the Inspector of Schools and submitted 
to the Government for adoption next year. This Code is drawn up 
upon the same lines as the present Selangor Code and makes prr)viBion 
for assessing the grants-in-aid on tlie modern system — i.e., according 
to general efficiency and for each unit of average attendance— instead 
of according to the results of individual examination, a eonsummatiou 
which, we doubt not. all teachers in the Colony have earnestly longed 
to see. The S+*langor Government are to lie congratulated npon 
having been the first to abandon a system of payment demoralising 
dike to teachers and scholars and upon having set an example which 
has so soon l>een followed by the Education Department of the 
Colony. The chief point of dift'erenee in the niles lunler whith grants 
may lie obtained under these two Codes may lie found in Section 19 
of the Straits Code, wherein it is stated that the highest grant will 
not be paid to any school in which any elaas above Standard IV. is in 
charge of a master who has Imx^ educated in Asia nnless he liae 
obtained a certificate in the Senior Cambridge Local Examinations, 
or has passed the examination for the ] promotion of Government 



School-maatei's. An effort in the rig:lit direction, surely. We hope 
thai iu time it will develop into a properly organised system for 
training Asiatic echool-masters, and present ihe employment uf 
inefilcient ti*acbera at starvation eakriee. ** In order to enable mana* 
gen to meet the future requirement e of the Code by the STetematic 
training of Btudents for the profession of teaching, grants will be made 
for pupil teacherw." This mil Im- a good move if care be taken that 
the children do not suffer from the tentative efforts of the embryo 
manter, that the training is real and thorough and that the rule is 
not made use of by Mission schools simply to economise their funds, 
No class should ever be entirely iu th^ hands of a pupil teacher. 
Subject to the above qualiications, wc tliiuk the Selangor Education 
Defiartment might return a couxpliment and import this rule into our 
Code, The majority of the remaining rules follow verbatim the rules 
of the Selaugor Code, but it is uofoitunate that no mention is made 
of physical drill or recitation, and uo hiuts given as to what constitutes 
giH)d discipline and organisation. The standards for the elementary 
and ekss subjects are practically the same as those of the Selangor 
C<Kle, while the specific subjects for the most part remain unaltered. 

A FOOTBALL uiatcli was played on Wednesday evening, the 7th 
instant, between a Selangor Club team and a t^-ani of Guides with 
Captain Talbot and Wing OfficerB Oraham and Adam. The ball was 
kir'ked off at 5.20 and it was intended to play half an hour each way, 
1>ut the second half had to be curtailed soon afti^r six oVdock as it 
became Umj dark to play* The Guides played a got>d game and managed 
to defend their goal very effectively from the repeated attacks of the 
Club team, who, during the first half, pressed heavily and obtained 
several comer kicks, but failed to sci>re off any of them. A little 
more combination and freer passing, especially among the forwards, is 
very much wanted. During the secoml half the play was more even, 
both goals were several times in danger Imt nothing was scored and 
the game ended in a draw. Groat credit is due to Messrs. Graham 
and Adam for the way they have brought on their men. With a 
little more coaching* and a better knowledge c^f the rules, they will 
make a strong team, as they seem to have plenty of "go" and goc»d 
staying powers. 

Mn W. W, Skeat writes in his monthly i*eport for August; 
**Klanangi8 flourish iug extremely and coffee land there is already 
beginning to fetch high prices. Much of the land l>ordering on the 
Coast Road at Klauang is really rich and only wants capital and care 
to produce a first-class berry. The Ttikaug Kepala has several acres 
of splendid coffee near the junction of the Bandar and Klunang Boads. 


Native toliucto has from time to time been very successfully grown 
there by tlie Javanese. At Tatijf»Dg Duablaa (Telok Besar; I have 
laid out a aew kampong site, and on the whole the present state of 
agriculture in the district mav, I think, be conaidered satigfaetoiy when 
the isolated and roadless state of the greater pail of the district is 
taken into consideration." 

MiNUTfiB of a General Meetiug of the Selangor Planters* Aseocia- 
tion held at the Selangor Cluli on Saturday, 2t>th Bepteinber, 1896, at 
10.30 a.m. 

Present : Messrs. E. V. Carey (Chairman), C, Meikle, Lake. 
(Members of Committee), H, Hiittenbadi, Orei^^ Shepherd, Inch, 
F. A. Tujnbev, J, D. Toynliee, K. S. Meikle, Horth. Rendle, C. O, 
GlftfiBford, J. G. Glassford, P. Stephenson and Tom Gibson (Hon. 

Visitors : the Hon'ble E. Feilding, Messrs. Brown and Sharp. 

1. Notice calling' the meetiug having Iweu taken as read, the 
luinutes of List General Meeting were read and confirmed. 

2. Mr. W. R. Swan was elected a member of the Aasoeiation. 

3. The following resolution was proposed by Mr. Gibson and 
s^^conded by Mr. Carey : — 

" That the Association should again address the Government on 
** the subject of sales trf land l>y aurtimi m KSi^langor, with ti view to 
" having the State put od the sam** footing a 8 the rest t*f thu Federated 
" Statt*8, where grants of land are given to suitable applicants." 

Carried unanimously. 

4. Read letter from Chief Magistrate/ regarding the notice to be 
given by coolies under continuing agreements. 

5. The proposed address to th** RoRi dent- General as amended l>y 
the Perak P. A, was agreed to nem. con, 

6. The Chairman laid un the table a draft copy of a Bill iutitled 
" An Ordinance for the Protection of Indiiiii Immigrants.*^ which had 
been sent to him as a meml>er of the late Labour Commission, by the 
Colonial Secretary; and he drew the attention of the meeting to 
various points in the Ordinanee. 

After some discussion it was resolved that the Hon. Secretary 
should write to the Colonial Secretary asking if the operations of the 
Ordinance is to be confiiied to the Colony, and if not whether a certain 
number of copies could be HUj>plied to the Association* failing which 
it was agreed that tliey should be printed in the State and distributed 
to members. 

7. Read letter from the British Resident to the Chairman, forward- 
ing a draft of the *' Feileral Procluee Pr«vtectioii Enactment, 1897," and 
intimating that the Government will be glad to receive the views 
of the Sehingor Planters* Aseociation. Resolved that the letter be 


i«>ie»i EzAirv:--:. •■■Li i: i* i::r.Tr-l f bj :L-r Ereun^. and that 
zrjzj'j^z. y.z\rA '•r ^-t t'> ill ir.r'-:'»rrs "jr.ili i Ti-r»" I :• &»*:-vrrcaiiU]i^ the 

- Mr Hl::ri.ri..b. i*i ir>r"?5'. i :":ir Li-^rilz^: •.:: thr snbject of 
•>:TrTr.=.T-: :r.jT«r •.ii. : ;1 -ilj^Lits. ^^ rririr in- r-rs. f'>r whioh a fee 
1- -iLir^r-e-i- stl'L tji. tl-j i>- fr— :t r^ -h- r:f< j.r.-i 'ixn^r attending 
• jsaci ■riL^ii.-r? Rr-=. It-I thiT 'z- H z.. >r»rv*irj enqmie as to 
■■■La: J i i.rr iiL •?.- T - :L"r.-- '-: T^ "i-iirj i^j f.irtbrr action in 

Tlt: zLrr^TLZ.^ VTTT.i:: i*:- 1 w::':_ v v :- ■: :bjz:ks :• th^f- chair at 

ks rz^iiz^^zr. i« '-rri: iriiTcr-; : :r -' I^ ::r :i:r tr:'Te<Ti.>n of 

"Z Ev-rrj i»-r>.- : :-::.i 1 :>-rlr-^- r l"rk:-^- .^l- .:: ^nv plantation 
Vl.-^11 ulr-s? It -jj:. jiTr i s-iTi-fi. T 7; r .is L : :l:v -jiA^istraTt: before 
t1- ::l Lr :• -riei : t s" L ! ::rr:-^- r lirVln^-. > i-:^i::-f-l iTiiltj of an 
■..5rr:>r. iT-i sLill '*- lii* Ir z .r.v:.-.: :: V-:.rv >'.;•: Tiixj:»trdte to 
:iitrl*-M.=.ri.: •:■: T::irrr I->;rli:: - : r iiiv t^rui :. : x-Trr-iinir six 

•• 4 W:.-L-- -r -Lr --^rir- :r ::: : •.: f t-=^ r -..i.-^ ■ :rv-. or •:.£ the 
:ei -T .-j.riirr- IT- Tli:.*. r ■: :«- ir--j-r:: !..i>r.. -r liir lurk, whether 

: :!-: In- ::- t> :. .r?:i^. : -l.- Lil h.^ t^. s'iaII sv fvund in 
v.-r pvs.vrs*: r. .: 1-7 ir-r- n t.;. . > v-j^" .v : jiv/- :\ sCitisiavrtory . : iii ••-^ir-s*:::: :':.-:-:. * : 1. irr^ l *1..:11 "•: l^r.>.-'i iniiltT 

i az, :fr->r. i- : jiill. z. . •-- :: - '•:: r-- :i :...i^':>:ri:r- ':•• li.\V'Ie to 
iinir-^LiiT-': : r:-h'.r irsri: :: - :.r a >-- « : rXoi-r-iin*: :hT>?v years 
or. vfr.v 1.:: -i.r'.-ii-j Lr :L m-..z.; .1 ll.-r>. • r :■ :-.••!:. ind for a 

•■.:<. I: ill ill z..' li- LiT^rul :■ r .ii:y n- :• : ■.;r-.:..\iS: -r :akt- in l^arter, 
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GjL3iBL:y> ""J P r:-.:j-:->-r -sr -.- > -r'^,, v^: : :» 1. :.^ l-:vr. which 


A TEAM, w:-: 1 zz^:.: iln: -* J- s^il : r.::v>.::: S^l:i::c r. Wt 
Kijli. L"-T ::r :. Tl:::r> :::• ^: '.:::>: . Ts :l.i^ :.r LUuT. 
Lr<. is PrLi-^ XI P;-.k: :\. rt.;::: .v:::>:i:.^l .^t Mr. 

F A. S-^-TiJiiL. Oa::. T:;!'. :. M- ssrs F W Tillvt, 
C. G GLirs: rL L I» :^:. A H R-: ^:i. A 1^ H-'xwk. 
W H Wli::.>T. E W X--:'r — r. It M ^ 1 sk^ .::: 1 1 :-;: U.i.V. 

Ttr Rr:&:irr:::-Gr:irril Lii ki-ilv f.rt^l: ■ :^k. :Vc ::;i:u :.^ IVr: 
Weld is ibe £"#''.-?-"'f j. • v.: wr.. £ :':.o r:-T*-< ^a-.r*^ o: :V: .^.\:vvr.: T'^ 


the Se^lantfor boat, tlif Memi was sent down from Pemk, iiwd Mr. 
>Swettenliam af^ain wag good enouj?h to offer tli<» travdlors ** a lift," 
and they arrived in Taipeup: at 12 noon on Friday, the IHh, 

Cricket started at 2 p.m.. and thf* Penik Captain, with his UBual 
good fortune, won the to88, and sent in Fox and Vonles on a perfect 
wicket to the Viowlin^ of Wliitley an<l F. W, Talbdt ; with the score at 
2S for no wicket the rain, whirdi had l>eou threatening, came down in 
torrents and a hasty adjourument was made to i]m Club. The ground 
Roon became a pond, and cricket was out of the |uestion for the rest of 
the day. On Saturday mornin*< a start was made at 9 o*cloek and in 
eat^hin^ a ball while waitiu^' for the btitsmen to come out Hubback 
hurt his hand so badly tliat he was unable to take any fm-ther part 
in the game, and Bird, of Perak, took his place, VoiileH was bowled 
with the score at -*! and McKenzie joiued Fox, both men played the 
liowliii^ with confidence on the easy \v4cket, and the acore rose very 
quickly until Fox retired completely eihausted with his score at 73, 
for which he had played very finely indeed ; MeKenzie aoon followed. 
l><-iiig well fraught by Swettenham iit mid on, he had made 71 in free 
dashing styde, though not altogetlier free from lault. Ingall soon 
knocked up 37 and the luncheon interval was taken with the score at 
238 for four wickets. The Perak Captain closed his innings aft-er 
lunch and the visitors went to the* wicket ; everyone expected to see 
some good cricket again, l>nt the whole side, with the exception of 
Bagnall (36 not out) and H. L. Talbot (30), collapsed completely 
lief ore Binh, Fox and McKenzie. and were all out for 120. The Perak 
men bowled finely, but there was no excust^ for this good batting side 
failing in the way they did, although the wicki^t was not playing 
bke it did in the morning, the visitors followed on and lost one wicket 
for 10 runs when struiips were drawn. 

Tlie next event was a tVKjtbal! match l>etween the Penang detati^h- 
ment of the 5th Fusiliers and Perak. The soldiers played a fine and 
clever game, aud although they won by fcun* goals tu nil, the game 
was not so one-sided as tlie score wiuild show, until towards the end, 
when the regimental team clearly out-elassed their opponents, An 
amusing feature after the match was the march *' round the town *' 
headed by the liaiid and the Perak Cricket Captain. 

In the eveuiug the Resident had invitc^d a large numVier to dinner 
at the Residency, aud afterwards gave a Miost enjoyable dance, at 
which a large nuuiber of the erickeiing visitors were present; dancing 
was continued till 12 oVlock, when eu[»per was served, and the guests 
left soon after one o'clock, While the dance was going on at the 
Residency, a smoking concert was held at the Perak Club, Colonel 
Walker in the chair, and singing was kept up with great gusto till 
almost one oVlock, several visitors sang songs* including Lient, Lea^*h. 
Messrs. Dougal and Hubback and som*- of the soldiers. 

The 8elaug<»r visitors left Taipeng on Sunday morning at 10 o'clock, 
and returned to Klang in the Mena, again kindly lent by the 
Resident, which arrived on Monday morning at 5, after a very quiet 
passage. The Perak people were as usual lavish in their hospitality^ 
and all visitors uiidonbtedly had an exceedingly good time. 




AVERY important matter in planting is a ^ood system of drainage* 
In flat laud this will not giye much tronbk*; cut drains east 
and west every five eliains and small drains north and south 
every chain, thus dividinj^ jour plautatioii into blocks of five 
ebaiEs long hy <*ue chain wide, In liilly ground, however, the drainage 
becomes much more difficult ; and if a jdauter does not know how to 
do it, he had 1 letter not dmin at alL Much lens harm can lie done by 
leaving drainage aloue, than hy a scheme which is Loth had ajid 
wrong. Draina in hilly land shouhl lye cut on a gradient not st-eeper 
than one foot in every *K* feet ; if you cut tliem steeper the rusli of 
wat^r will cut into the land and wash and carry everything away. 
These drains should be cut not more than about a chain apart from 
each other. Tlie object of these drains in hilly land is to prevent the 
soil from Ixnng washed away by the rain • if that is not done, the roots 
of the trees would soon bi3 exposed and the trees themselves gmdually 
underniined until they also were washed down the hillside. In low 
land we drain to get the water out of our fields, Imt there is no need 
for this in liilly land, the water quickly enough rushes down the hills 
by itself; it is, therefore, more our object tt> keep the water on the soil. 
If the drains are too steep the water will pruir down without penetrat- 
ing into the ground or lienefiting the ctdf**e ; but if, on the other hand, 
the drains are at an easy gnidient tiie water will saturate the ground 
and the roots of the coffee will greedily absorb it all and the ti^ees 
will gain health and strength. 

Besides this system of regular drainage, I would recommend w^ter 
holes to be cut between each iutermediate four trees, for instance, like 

+ -H H- + + + + 

o n 

+ + + + + + + 

+ + + + + + + 


+ + + + + + + 

These hole« are about 2 feet square and are intended to catch the 
rain water and to keep it until it has gradually been absorbed by the 


ground and siuTounding treetj. The boles will in course of time fill 
np, and then yon can eat new <>nes l>etween the intermediate four trees 
which had been left undisturbed Wf<»re. I have found this to act as 
good if not better than any manm-e ; anyhow, it is very cheap and very 

But I don't mean to say by this that you shrmld not ii|>ply manure 
besides having these water holes. If you depended on drains ami 
water holes alone to give sufficient nourishment to the tretis to produce 
a good crop and regular returns, you would soon find out that it was a 
fatal mistake. For several years the coffee tree has absorbed the 
nourishment out of the trjuuud and this must be replaced. 

We read in the Bible uf the w^idow's cruse of oil which never failed ^ 
and we naturally marvel at sach a miracle; yet thei*e are a number 
of planters who expect their ground to perform the same wonders, 
and are surprised when their coffee trees after a lapse of years 
begin to show signs of decay and weakness, although they have 
never thought of returning to the ground what their ti^ees have 
taken out of it. 

Your gi'ound should Ix' manured regal arly every year» and the 
earlier you begin with it the l>etter it will be for the coffee. 

There are ver}^ many ways of manuring, and I dare say they are 
all good ; but, as I said before* you must know what you are about. 
I have seen planters manure with bone meal and oil cake, aad all 
kinds of different artificial manure. I have seen the ti-eea being 
forced to produce a crop of 8 to 10 pikuls and more an acre in one 
year — and never again afterwards ! 

Mr. T. H. HilU the pioneer planter of the Malay Peninsula and a 
recognised authority on coffee cultivation^ writes {Straih TimtSi 12th 
June. 1893) : 

" Whilst there are many planters who tli8l>eheve in what they «re 
pleased to call artificial manures, I would call their attention to the 
experiments at Rothamstead. by which it has been proved to be 
practicable to grow the sawe crt*p on the same land for 80 or 40 
years in succession ^ith artificial mauures alone, and in instiioces 
the i-esults, not a few, have equalled that of land yearly manured 
with cake-fed farmyard manure at the rate of 14 tons per acre per 
annum for the same term of years. These papers are open to the 
consideration of all by the great liberality of Sir John Dawes and 
Dr. J. H. Gilbert. In comparing these examples with a perennial 
cultivation like coffee, the value is very great; owing to the same 
crop having lK?en and continuing to be grown on the same land for a 
long tenu of years. On the other hand, we find further corrobora- 
tion starting later on so far as I have 1>een able to h^am, ouly pub- 
lished in a more summarised form in the book pubhshed Uy M. 
George Ville, en ti tk'd * Artificial Manure.' After looking carefully 
over the formulas for manuring employed on Rothamstead, it is 
most reassuring to find that the nearer the maunres employed 
approaeh to those advr»oatcd liy M. George Yille, notwithstanding the 
variety of the croj>s generally, the results are the most favourable ; 
thus, by an independent source, proving the enormous value of the 


work that has l>eeu done at RotbanisUnid to tfje wliole agrncuitiiTBl 
eommuuity of the world. Yuti will observe from the fore^^oing that I 
am of opinion that high cnltivalion is newssary tu pmduce large 
crops and that the soil in itself is not nch enough to Unir a stieoes- 
sion of large crops ; this is so, and whilst nature has must ridilj 
endowed the Malay Peninsula with an eitremely fertile climate, the 
soils, neither bj analysis nor results without cultivation, are found 
sufficiently rich tu produce a syccession of heavy cn^ips without skillnl 
mantiriiig and carel'ul cultivatioti. When it is brought to notice 
that fur each jnkul of clean coffee it has taken nine pikuls of fruit 
to produce it. the desirability of high cultivation Ix^comcs at once 
apparent. On looking back over a series of years of the crop 
returns from different tidds. it bei-omes plain that, for luany years, I 
have l>cen remuving it gross weight of from 4 to 5 tons per acre." 

Tut* little \tm\ too much manure are lH>th cLjuully detrunentaJ to 
the gruwth and development of the coffee tree. The tree must not be 
starved, but neither should it be forced to prcKluce more crop than it 
can reasonably be expected tu lK*ar and to stand* The object of 
manuring is to strengthen the tree by returning to the soil what has 
been taken fi-om it, so that the tree will always g**t the nourishment 
which a stnmg ])lant requires to keep it healthy and vigorous. To 
achieve this object I would recommemi : 

(1) To changkul (hoe) the ground all round between the trees, but 
not nearer to the stem than the branches extend above the ground ; 
generally the roots have spread under the ground just as far as the 
bran<^hes above and the object of changkoling tlie earth is to let the 
soil evaporate, to allow the supei-fluons gas to escape and to give the 
roots a fair chance to spread fujilier out, and as a consequence the 
branches will follow too and gmdually cover the whole ground from 
tree to tree. This being once achieved you have gone ahead a good 
deal more than you may probably be aware of, or than numy experienced 
planters will admit . The roots of the coffee want shade and the tree 
will greatly l>euetit through this ; the weedt*, again, want light and sun 
to ke<'p alive, and thus whilst lx*nefiting the coffee, you deal at the siiuie 
time tlie deatli-l>low tu the weeds, the mortal euemies of coft'oe. 

(2) It takes, of course, sevei-al years before the l)rauches of the 
cuffee tive have developed ec» far ixs to cover the whole ground, and in 
the meantime I would advise i^oveinng the ground with lalang. This 
is very effective, I have used it myself with great sueeess in old coffee 
which was at the point of starvation, and the cuffee has recovered 
wonderfully. Lalang being spread on hilly ground prevents also the 

^-washing away of the soiL Many planters are afraid of the great risk 
of fire, as dry lalang, as €*ven body knows, will luirn bke straw if a 
[latch is put to it ; but this danger only exists during the first few 
reeks, then the lalang having been exposed to rain, wind and night 
dew, has become so moist an-l rut ten that it will be found t|uite im- 
possible to burn it. As a fair day's task a cooly wQl cut 30 to 40 
liundU's of lalang of alxjut 2 ieet cllamet^^r. 

(3) The application of niauure is done in many different ways. 
Some plantori^ cut a semicircle above the tree, about 3 or 4 lo. t ai^v 


from the eteiu bo as not to disturb the roots: others a]>ply the manure 
in a b'lle cut bt'tween ea^i-h fuxir trees; others, a^ain, siii>ply it in the 
saiiK* manner aH the water holea I have descrilied above. 

I make my coolies cut holes in a seoiieirele round each tree as far 
away from the stem as the branehes extend, but never nearer than 
3 feet. These holes should not Ix^ k^ss than 3 feet long and oot less 
than 1 foot broail and I foot deep. 

I mention this sj>e('ially» IxH-ause^many planters are afraid to cut 
more than half a foL>i deep for fear of injuring' the roots of the coffee. 
This, however^ is quite a mistake : you should work the ground up as 
deep as possible, certainly not less than one or two feet. If the gi^ouod 
thus worked up is th<»roughly mixed with the manure, the desired 
effect on the coffee will have bfen effeettxl, but lit^t otherwise. It is 
Jistonishin^ to see how hard the j^round is when you l>e^iu eutting 
holes as described abuve, and it will iit once be evident to you that 
this j^round will not allow the routs to spread and that it is india- 
pt.»n8ably liecessarv to dig it up at least one or two fc^t. 

Another part of oiy system of manuring' is that I do not apply the 
manure t^ the trees at once; my coolies have to cut the holes first and 
these holes remain open until after a few days of rain, it will do the 
coffee aU the ^'ckxI in the world if these holes are tilled with rain w^ater — 
anyhow, you may l>e quite sure you cannot do the least harm to your 
coffee by letting them remain ope'i for a few days. This system will 
enable you to examine every hole and to see whether it is of auflBcient 
size ; besides it has the effect of thoroughly wiu'king the whole of your 
ground over, admitting fresh air and allowing bad gas which has 
accumulated i<y eseti}ie, and, another important factor, it distvirbs the 
nests of dangerous insects, who have iH^eo accustomed to consider your 
giound as their undisputed i<roperty and home, whence they could 
unmolested attack and destroy the i.-offt^e trees and their crop. 

The best manure for coffe*?, in my opinion, is cattle manure. A 
good basketful applied to each tree and well mixed with tlie soil w^ill 
be altout the right quantity. A cartload is 30 to 40 ba-sketsful and 
costs about ;iO to 50 cents delivered on the estate. The manure should 
bo applied sliortlv Ix^^fore the rainy 8east»ii (on old estates, at least two 
months before tlie iTop rijiens, othei-w4s(* the crop will not get the 
benefit of the niiinure and the tree being weakened through the 
disturbance of its roots just at a moment when all its strength is 
required to ripeu the crop will rather suffer than benefit through the 
application of the manure) 

If all the alxtve has been carefully observed, you have only to wnit 
patiently and after one or two ^lays of a good and continuous shower of 
rain— a rain which everybody else eiiUs a beastly and most annoying 
sort of min — you will see something which will make your heart rejoice 
The gi^ound having Ijeen thoroughly saturated by the rain, you find 
on getting up, one tine morning, the whole of your plantation one sea 
of snow-white blossoms. A sight worth teeing^ but io a planter the 
realisation of three vears' hard work, unceasing worry and care, 
endless troubles and diiMculties, He then experiences a ftniling of 
happiness and satisfaction and a heavy load is taken off his mind. 



There, at last, is the reward for his perBeverance, his patience, 
energy, his pluek» his time ami care. 

It is not necessary to be a ]ilanter to imagine the ple^isai-e of such 
a moment. Here is a niau who has staked all he possessed in a coffee 
pkntationi he has eut and cleared the jungle, sown the seed, planted 
trees, laid out every road, tmcod every drain, built every house, and, 
what is more thao the money he han ritjked, he has actually spent 
three or four years of his short life, a treasure whieh no money in the 
world can l>ring back to him -every tree on the estate is a |3art of his 
own life and there he sees ior the first time the dream of his ambition 
realised. Well, but there is many a slip 'twixt the cup and the lip, 
and I Ijelieve it was Solon who said that no man eonld l>e cunnt<ed 
liappy before his death ; iind so, I should say, no planter imn dem*nd 
upon his ctep before he has actually harvested it and sold it and placed 
the pi'oceeds to his credit at the Bank. 

But don't let me conclude thi^ chapter with g-loomy anticipations 
and probable possibilities. Ijut, on the Luntrarv, let us hope that there 
will fx? a good crop, A tine blossom is a fine sight, it gives new hope 
tij the planter, and it is this hope, the expectation of the nice and good 
things which we always hope may yet l>e in store for us, which keeps 
u» gOLDgi makes us undergo endless hardships and deprivations in our 
life, and which, after all, so very seldom are realised. 

(To he continued.J 


[ IVa d*i noi hold intnehe^ r»tpoH$ihU far the vpinion* expressed by o^r Corft»pon<Unt»J\ 


To the Editor vf the Siltngor Jfturnah 

Sir, — Now there aiv sucli a iiuml>er of cyclists in the State it 
seems a pity that they du not join together and form a Cycling Club. 

I w^outd suggest that a club be formed on the oi'dinary lines, its 
object being to j>n»vide hxcd runs aud also hold an annual race meet- 
ing. 1 liave DO douljt something could Im done in the way of laying 
a pro[K.a' cinder track later on and in this as in many other tilings the 
Native States would he to the fore. 

The subscription might be limited to $5 per annum, with an 
entrance fee of, eay, 82, this should cover all incidental expenses, wliich 
would be small, and allow enough for prizes at the annual meeting, 
with the assistance which I am sure we should get from friends 
of the sport.. 

The new Singapore Cycling Club now being formed might be 
approached with a view to allowLug memliers of the proposed Selangor 
Cycling Club to be outside meinlx^rs of their club and to comjMPte in 
their races by pay ment of a small annual subBciiption. — I am, etc,, A.P, 

No. 4<^VoL. V—3(Hh Ocioier. 189b'. 


THE Resideut-Ueiieral has issiifd invitutione for a Baiic't^ on 
Tliiirsday, Ibe 5th Naveml>er. Mr, C. N, Maxwell, who 
returneil from short leave last week, says that our former 
Resident, Sir William, is in excellent iiealtb, and none the worse 

for hifcs sojourn at the Gold Coast and his Ashanti exiJ>erienee, 

Mr. Maurice Stooor, who has been for a trij) to Ceylon, returned to 
Kuala Lumpur last wei^'k. 

A LAKQE number of viaitors have, during the week, been assembled 
at Poi't Diclrsou, when* they have been guests of the Hon. Martin 
Lister, the Resident, and others sinec Sunday last, ivturuing from a 
holiday which has imparled health and sunburnt complexions, some by 
the Esmeralda on Wednesday, including the Resident- Gen era! ^ and 
some to-day by the «.s. Malacm, after what appears to have been a 
most enjoyable and profitable fe%v days of relaxation and fun. The 
special feature of the outing was the sea-bathing whiih was organised 
on a grand scale on the delightful sandy shore of the bay. We are 
told that some five-and- twenty persons, arrayed in all sorts of fancy 
costumes, might have be4L'n seen at one time in the water noisily 
engaged in all mauuer of games and frolic from water polo, football 
(without kicking), leap-frog, diving for eggs, to assaulting and 
i^pturing a raft defended against attack with water pimips and 
other engines. A concert, a dance and a picnic to Qii\ye Rachado 
were included iu a progmiruue which will be long rememlx^red by 
those who were fortunate enough to Ije included in the party. 

Me. TnoBiAS Bajbd, of Kuala Lumpur, has been licensed by the 
Resident to solemnise marriages within the State of Selangor. 
At present the mission with wlueb Mr, Baird is connected holds 
its services and Sunday school in the lower room of the Masonic 
Halb Damansara Road, but a new building, which is nearing 
completion, is being erected on the site of the old St. Mary*8 
Church, at the corner of Bluff Road, 



On the lOth NovemWr will take place the wedding of the only 
daughter of Mrs, Leow Oi)a Neo, widow of the hXe Towkaj Cheow Ah 
Yuok, with Mr. Yap Looug Chin, second son of the late Towkay Yap 
Ah Lo}\ who for many yearg held the poet of Captain China here, 
Festivitieg in honour of the occasion will be hold both before and 
after that date, and dinners will be given on the nij^hts of Friday and 
Saturday, the tHh and 7th November, ti) the offieial and mercantile 
communities of Selangor. 

A MEETING of the *' Steve Harper Memoriar' Committee wat^ 
held in the Selangor Club, on Saturday, 17th October, at 6 p.m. 
Present, Messrs. H. F. Bellamy (Chairman), Crompton, Edwards, an^ 
Rid ^8, Towkay Loke Yew and Dr- Travers ; Mr. Russell a^-ted aa^ 
Secretary. It was resolved that Mr. C. Meikle Ije asked tx5 serve on 
the Committee. A letter was read from Mr. J. P. Rodger, suggesting 
that the memorial take the form of a drinkiug fouutain, to be erected 
in old Market Scjuare. The various |>ro]>oBals were eoueidert^d, and it 
was resolved to recommend, fur the approval of a general meeting, 
jthat the memorial should take the form of either a scholarship or a 
drinking fountain, the Committee lx*ing in favour of the latter. It 
was further resolved that the question of limiting the amount of indi- 
vidual subscriptiona Ije brought l>efore the general meeting. The 
meeting closed with a vote of thanks to the Chairman, 

The adjourned general meeting will be held in the Selangor Club, 
at 6 p.m. to-morrow (Saturday), just before the half-yearly gene 
meeting of the members of the Club, 

A FULL Tji>dge attended the in,stalbtioo of W. Ero. Sandersun as 
W.M. of Read Lodge. No. 2:337. on Monday, the 2t>th inst., W. Bn>, 
Faxon discharging the duties of Installing Master in a very able 
manner. W. Bro, Sanderson invested the following brethren as his 
officers fur the ensiijog year : — Bro, H. S. Day. St^wior Warden ; Bro. 
F. B. Hicks. Junior Warden ; Bro. W. Tearle, Trca8ui\*r ; Bro, A. R. 
Bligh, Secretary; Bro. W, R. Swan, Senior Deacon; Bro. W. D. 
Fisher, Junior Deawn ; Bro. W. Crompton. Inner Guard ; Bro. G. 
8mart ((»roxy for Bro. C. Stewart), Tyler. A banquet was held after 
Lodge, at which the usual loyal and Masonic toasts, including the toast 
of "Our Patron. R.W. Bro. Read/' were given. A progmmme of 
music was arranged by Bros. Tearle and Swan . Bros. Baldivin» Hewgill ^ 
Trotter and Wood were present as \^sit<(rs. 

Messrs. Lanbebt akd Co., Photographers, of Singapore, have 
issued a veiy pleasing scries of Christmas und New Year Cardjs, in 


pliLtinatyix*, (x>mprisiii^ viewa of Kuala Lumpur and onviruiie, CupieB 
may be obtained from the Secretary of the Selangt>r Club, 

Thohk iiit^'n'^trtl m sport inff iiiattfra are reminded that uhould 
tht'v wish to procure a Roadster t^ run for the " Mercni*y Challetif^e 
Cup " the horse must l>e ridden or driTeo liy a member of the Turf 
Club x-^^sident in Selangor or Sungei Ujong for thrt^ months Ix^fore 
the meetinj^, whic)! will take phice towards the end of March, 1897. 

The Moonlight Band at the Selaii^^or Club, adverti&ed for the 21 st, 
was postponed, owing to the rain, to the foUowing evenin^t when a 
very fair nnmi»cr of memliers atti-nded t^ enjoy the music. Outside 
the buildiuf^^ it was rather too dam]> to makct walkiuji;^ about enjoyable, 
but the floor of the Reading Room wasn't half bad, and the selection 
of waltzeB wais excellent* 

At the beginning of next month, November, the Government 
Girl's School will remove from its temporary quarters at the Masonie 
Hall to the new school house neai- the High Street end of the Brick- 
fieldfl Boad. The new quarters for the Head Mistress, Miss Strattoo, 
have Ijeen completed aud in oceiipation for some little time past. The 
nimiljer of pupils on the register Las juat doubled since the school 
started three months ago, that is, from 18 to 36. 

Steps will have to be taken to prevent the foot- track runnicig 
across the Pamdc Ground from the corner of Market Street to the 
Club becoming a wide, unsightly, ludless path. It is the bare feet of 
the natives tbat kills the grass; shoe traffic is liad» but not nearly so 
harmful to the verdure. At least, so we have read somewhere at 
sometime* A corresponding tmck from theGomliak Bridge corner of 
the ground over to the Club is just becomiug apparent. When the 
ue\N Government C>fhceM are o|>*/n it ivill l>e interesting to ni»te how 
long it takes to ntake a well-dehned track across the gra^s from the 
building on the one aide to that on the other. At one time the police 
used to prevent the natives from making short cuts aeross the plain* 

The month just closing has not been so disastrous from rain and 
flood as October, '95; but, so far as Kuala Lumpur was concerned, 
it has been unpleasantly wet, some of the storms of wind and rain being 
exceptionally heavy. It has to l)e a very excellent roi^f to l>e proof 
against a tropiail storm, but where, as is the case* many of our roofs 
of old Chine^ermade tiles are Just the reverse of eicellent, the effect 



indoors is rather appalling!:. Howt-'ver. it nuiat be sometliin^' rcry 
dreadful from which uo eoiisolatiou eau be gathered, and in the 
present instance we have the eomtortiug refloution that the town and 
its drains are at times of heavy rain being thoroughly washed. 


"The scheme for lijafhting the town with electricity is considered. 
The Chairniau reads a paper he haa drawn up showing the financiiU 
UH^ieet <>f the question based upon Mr, Preece^s report, Hesolved that 
thifcs piijier Ix^ forwiirded to Go\ernment and thiit it be aske<l to ^tuio 
ticm tljo expenditure iieeessary for obtaining the plans of the Urwn^ 
photographs of the streets, etc., required by Mr. Preeie to enable him 
to prepare a oouiplete scheme for tbe exerution of the w^ork. Res*.»lved 
further that the Board is of opiiiiun that Mr. Preece has not allowed 
sufficiently for the prolmble expansion of the town nor for possible 
reciuirements for the supply of mines, faetories, etc., in recommending 
the KLing River scheme, where tln^ full puwt'r would only be available 
for 12 hourw a day, and agrees with the Btate Engineer that the 
Oombak Kiver scheme should be adopted. Resolved further that if 
tbe Government is not prepared to expend the capital requiivd, it be 
asked to allow the scheme to Iw? taken up by private enterprise.** — 
Mututt's fif SanUartf Boat'd, Kuala Lvnijmr. 

In the last Governmeni Gazette is published a list of persons who 
are qualified and liable to serve as jurors in Kuala Lumpur. A sense 
of humour must have l*een floating around when the notilication was 
written, which states that any person may apply to the Chief Magis- 
trate to have his name added to ike list! Dout all speak at once. 
On the other hand, the humour is of a rather grim kind w^iich states, 
according to the hst, that persons resident in Kuala Selangor and 
Ulu Selangor are liable to serve as jurors in Kuala Lumpur. The list 
api^ears to be quite long enough to allows of the exemption of out- 
station men. 

According to Mr. B. G. Campbell's last published report the 
town of Bandar Bhani* Rawang, of which some great things were 
expwted a few years ago, is at length likely to *' assume the solid 
Khui>e of brick and mortar and become an incontestable n.'ality/* 

Me, H. F, Bellamy, Chief Officer, 8,F.B.. has received a lett^^r 
from the Edit<jr of the Firemmi, in which he writes :— ** I regret that» as 
single-man com|>etitions with steam fire engines are |»ractically imknown 
in this country. 1 am not able to give you any information as to the 
English times 'for such drills. The shortest time in a single-man drill 



with maDual fire engine and ICK) feet of hoso ia, I btUieve, about 28 
aeconds. In this t-ase the man of course lias to turn o't'^er the piim}>iug 
levers, and to fix tbe fore-carriage of the engine* In a steamer drill 
this work would liut have to be done; l>ut, on t be other hand, the 
labour involved in fixing the siictiou hose would be three or four times 
as great aH with a mauual eugine. In my opinion, therefore, the times 
taken by your men tti do the single- man «leamer drill are extraordi* 
nardj luw. and are ciH^ditable both to the men and to your good self 
ag Chief Officer." 

The contest for the KtRlger Footl>all Cii]^ wai^ finally decided on 
Saturday* the 17th inst,, when the Klaug team came up to Kuala 
Lumpur for the second time to play off the final tie, the first mateh 
having ended in a draw. A heavy downiM>ur of rain bad fallen in the 
early part of the afternoon, consequently the Phiin was partly under 
water when the teams faced each other at 4.50 p.m., and but that the 
Klang team had come a h>ng and exjtensive journey the game would 
have been declared no tie. A re mark aide game was witueRsed, most 
amusing to the si^ertators, eiijH^ciallj to the natives, who seemed to 
thf)rongbly enter into the fun of the thing and expressed their delight 
each time a player went down in a pool of water. As &oon as the ball 
was kicked off it was evident that the players coidd not keep their feet 
on the slippery ground, and for a short, time it was more like a game 
of skittles, men falling in all direct iona like uiuepins. Several of the 
players, however, soon discarded their boots and this remedied 
matters a little, as they had a l>etter grip of the ground with bare 
feet. The falling continued, however, thoroughout the game, and 
when the ball was in either of the large aheets of water, with seveml 
players round it struggling to get a kick, one was forcibly reminded of 
water polo. In spite of this there was some good play witnessed, aud 
the result was V*y no means a criterion of the respective merits of the 
teams. The Klang team fought bravely during the first half of the 
game and the Kuala Lumpur men did not have much the best of it ; 
it was close on the call of half-time when the first goal was scored by 
the latter. In the second lialf Klaag did not show to advantage and 
became disorganised towards the end of the game. The Kuala 
Lumpur Asiatics played a more combined game, their passing being 
exc^eedinglj good at times, and at the call of time they were the 
winners by 5 goals to 0. Afterwards the Resident, who bad witnessed 
the match, presented the cup to the winning team aud said that 
although defeated the Klang team must not be disheartened— they had 
played a good game, and wer^ team that had much better 

opportunities and advant ban they had. He also 


coui^tulaLUA RamasaiDT ou the vavia which he had coached his 
t>^m. and expn/ssed his r^ret at Kaumsamy being unable, through 
illn^fi, to play. Mr. Bellamy was referee and Messrs. Brown and 
J^jft w*;rf: lin»fsmen. 

Mr. a. B. Hubback is certainly one of the most iinfortnnate of 
hUycr-i. At Pi-rak, rewntly, he was unable to take port in the cricket 
u\h.ff\i owintr to an a<:oident to his hand ret-vived while throwing the 
\i!x\\ a^/'l'Jt on the Satunlay momin;^' while waiting for the Perak 
\»-u ht <:oui*', out ; and on Wednesday last at a piek-up game at 
Vffft.\ai\\, ho T^'tk'ivttl some very severe injuries to his face in caanon- 
jntf 'Aign'iUHt another player. 

A fiktrKV.T t'rjiifi from Kajanjr, under the i^ptainoy of Mr. O. P. 
Ht^inor, will play aj^ainst Sun;;ei Ujon*y at Seremlian on Saturday 
an^l MoruJav. the >5tli and 0th NovemlxT. 

Wk hear of rriany complaints of flower and plant stealing from 
^'ar^leiiH, and it in u ^r»-at pity that sonjething cannot he done to pat 
a Mt.oj, to tliiji d»-fcMfaM»' j.ractice. It usually hap|)en8 that the 
-sufferer \a oij»- who iUm-h not t.'iiiploy a tukang kabun regularly, which 
h-jids to th*- conclusion that nei^^dibouring gardeners regard such 
^arflenn as fair pny. Jn th*- <:ase of a man who was detected robbing 
the jranh-n of n n<-i;(hhoiir of liis fnipluyfr, the altogether inadequate 
jiiiniMhinent. of a fiiir of two dolhirs was inflicted : what is wanted in 
Hii'h a fHHc in a H*'nteiii#« that will make the whole gang of them think 
twi/'*! ]M-f(,rt- th»-y walk off with plants, or even l»Iossoms. 

TifK prosfi#ctuM of th»- Malay P. -n insula Coffee Company has 1 
i-t.Hued. 'i'hin company i^ formefl for the purfK)se of acquiring from 
July :j|, \iiUt',^ ;m ifo'iriif roii/«.niH, certain coffee estates situated in the 
Protected HfitU'fi /,f t|,<. Malay P»n insula, and comprising al>out 10,000 
acreh of hui'J h-M i,u hwmcH of U'Mf vt-nTH, Hul^j«H*t only as regards some 
ji'^rfionn to th«- umial ohnnihij- i/»n'litioris. The capital is JQIOO.OOO 
crjually divirjr./j ,„to /,nJin;,ry and f'» |»»-r cent, cumulative preference 
shareh of i;l ^.^rh All fU'- pr^feren'-c and i{O,000 «»rdiuaiT shaivs are 
now ofT.-ri-d for mjli-7 ripti/,i, ;,t. pir, while 20,<H)0 of ordinary shares 
will Ik: tali«-fi hy th«- v»iidor in part pnvnient of the purchase money, 
whirh iH XifZ/KHi, ri.uH l,.;,vii,<r Jt'S/nio for fiiturr develoj.ment. The 
(•onipmiy tak*-H oy^r t|,i. w..||.k,iowu undertakings in Perak and 
Clangor of Mr T. M. Mill, -.rnprisin- the Kamuning. Weld's Hill. 
Klang. Kv..|i^.„,,,,,. ,uid Hlifm Kstat-s. The crop next year is 
entimated at r,.(XK) cwf h. of /.ofTce |,y Mr. Hai ley.— Pi wawf/ Gazette, 



A LARGE nuuiber of planUsrs and others assembled at the " Selangor 
Estate/' ou the l£>th iiiisit., to ^vitiiess a " trial trip'* of Miv J. M. Lyoii*8 
new Coffe43 Pulper. The points which the inventor claims for his 
machine over those alnmdv on the market are less breakage of the Ijean, 
more complete separation, leaa Joss of beau by passinj^^ out with the 
pulp, and the workinj^ of a greater quantity of cherr^^ in a given 
time. Given these advantages, it is needless to say» the machine 
woitld at once jump into a place in the front rauk, if not occupy 
the premier position. From the opinion of many of the planters 
present* we gather that the working of the new luachine — under the 
trying circumstances uf erratic manual labour instead of steam of a 
uuiform {xm-cr, and hurried preparation in fixing— was satisfactory. 
The breakage, according t^ those who are running machiuej* of a 
iimilar nature* was less than that which usually oectirs, the most 
being an abrasion of the [>arehnieut. The sepamtioti was good, but 
the inventor claims that a great improvement over that ^hoT^Ti on 
Monday can be effected by adjustment; the same remark ajiplk's to 
the amount of bean which jiaaised with the pulp into the tail tank, 
and it was noticed that the beans which did escape were whole and 
iound, and not as is often the «mse ground into fragments. With 
regard to the quantity of clierry which the machine can work, some 
gentlemen preseut timed it at the rate of 22 Ijoxe.s per hour: if this 
ia correct, it should lie enough to place the new pali»er at the top of 
the ti'ee. The api»earance of t!ie machine is neat and compact, being 
completely Ixixcd |in, and it works smoothly and noiselessly. Alto- 
gether, from what was said l>y tliose who ought to know, the machine 
should to prove a good thing both for the planter and for the inventor. 

The general nieeting of those interest*^d in Church matters was 
held on Saturday, the 17th inst,» at 6.30 pjn., at the Sclangor Club, 
Mr. J. P, Rodger. British Resident (Chairman), and a large number 
of kdiea and gentlemen being present. The Chairman refen-ed to the 
reOMons for calbng the meeting —brie tly, thai at the termination, next 
month, of Mr. Haines' agreement as Government Tutor and In8|>e< tor 
of Schools, the jKJst would not again be offered to that gentleman, the 
Government having decided that the post should not be filled by a 
minister of religion ; it therefore had beitome necessary for those who 
wished to obtain the servit^es of a clergyman of the Church of England 
ti> make provision for a suitable stipend, and he called upon Mr, 
A. R. Venning, who has been connected with the roanag€*ment i>f 
church affairs for several years past, to exiilain to the me<?ting what 
it was proposed should l^e done. 

Mr, Venning then stated that at the preseut time the subscriptions 



paid bj members of the congregation amounted to only $33 per 
montli, and that h** t!iou^ht it would only be uec^ssar^^ to brin^ the 
|MJ8itiun of affairs to the notice of the memliers to ensure subscriptions 
of three or four times that amount lieing promised. He point-ed out 
that the only f undi^ at present available are the Government Contribu- 
tion of §50 a month, and that of the S, P. G. of ^100 a year, and 
Buj^gest^'d that the congregation should raise a sufficient monthly sum 
by Mubaeriptions to gua^lEtc^-^ the Chaplain $100 a month, with house 
rent and horse allowame in addition to the above. 

The next business was the election by ballot of a new Committee 
in place of the retiring one, and on the conclusion of the ballot the 
following gentlemen were declartHi elected: Messrs. E, M. Alexander, 
A. S. Baxeudale, B. E. Shaw. C. E, Spotmer, A, R, Venning, L. B. 
Von Dont^p and Dr. Travers* Mr. St. Legi,*r Parsons (Hon* Sec/) then 
tvnd a letter from the Chaplain with regard to Ids position. On the 
question being put t^3 the meeting, it was unanimously resolved that 
tbf services of Mr. Hainen should, if possible, be retained. It waa 
then resolved, on the motion of t!ie Chairmau, that a circular signed 
by the Cominittt*t\ giving full jiarticulars of the matttT and asking for 
substvriptionH, should Ix^ sent round io all the nieml>ers of the congre* 
gallon, and thai, if suJhcicnt fuiuls were promised, an offer should be 
iiiii^h* to Mr. HaljH's on the iiTrns «tal4?d above. Votes of thanks to 
tho outgoing Committee, to the Hon. Sec, and to the Chairmau 
brought (la* met'ting to a com;lusit>n. 

A full meeting of tho new Committee was held on the 23rd iost., 
at whirh a vote of thanks to Mr. St. Ij(*ger Parsons for his valuable 
WffvieeH waM paNw*d and hi* wris again eh't-i^^d Hon. 8e<% The following 
rnlvn wen* tln-n iidH|i|iMl : 

1. Tlmt thr ('hur<'h Coiumittvi* nball couKist of seven members 

and an Hon. Hiu'retary 
2- Thul ihi* Chajtlaiu shall Iw ex-officio a member of the 
t S)mniitUM< and twA am Chainnan, 

3. That tijo OMiiin»ttb*e *ihall nnn^ wIh'U and as often as may be 
found niTrHsary <^n *U\o uotiei' bring given Viy the Hon. 
H»M' rotary. 

4. That a nuM'ting nliall hu i-aUnl at itny tim*- on the requisition 
of any thnn' nn'mbcrw, 

•*>, Tlni* !lvi< itjumhrrn Mhall farm a rjuorum. 

6. That om» mnnilM^r bf ai>pnin<«Hl liy the Committee to be 
Churf'hwiirili*n for a jM-riotl of fhro** monthH. He shall 
aHMiKi thr Hi»n, Beerotarv In I ho goiieral atlairs of the 



7, That a general meeting bi» t-alle*! in the month of October in 

eaeli jear, when a statement of accounts to the end of 
September in that year, duly auditetl. shall be present-ed. 

8. That the Committee be eleeted annually at such meeting. 

Mr. Venning was elected to act as Committee member under nde 
iy for the ensuing thive months* The Committee undertake to guarantee 
the Clmjilain his sti[H?nd for one month from November 23rd next, by 
which time tliey hojrt- to \\o m a position to make him a di/finite offer* 

The follu\^ing circular, signed l>y the Committee, has l_>een issued :— 
St. Mary*8 Church, Kuala Lumpur. — Notice having been received that 
the Rev. F. W. Haines' a^eement with the Government an Inspector 
of Si-hiHilH t*.^rminate8 on 23rd November next, a gencnd meeting of 
the congregatifin was held on the 17th instant to decide on the course 
to be pursued. At that meeting it was unanimously resolved that 
steps should be tiiken to retain Mr. Haines as Chaplain, and that 
endeavours whould l>e uiade to rai^e by snbH« ription suthcicnt fimds i^ 
giiamntee to him from the cungregatifm a luontlily stipend of .SlOO in 
addition to house rent (say $40) and hoi^se allowance ($20). The 
undersigned memljers of the Chureh Committee earnestly hojx' that a 
libeml response will l)c made to this ajijiealj so that it may not be 
liciessary to diseoutinue the services of the Chureh from want of 
funds.— (Signatuivs of Committee.) 

The half-yearly general meeting of the members of the Selangor 
Club will lie liehl in the Reading R<ioiii at il.'^O p.uL to-morrow. The 
adjourned puhhe meeting of the Harper Memorial movement is fixed 
for the same evening and same place half an hour earlier— 6 p,m. 

♦♦♦♦<*♦♦♦♦«♦ ♦♦♦♦•♦♦♦» 


Ji^ there an* now several keen entomologists— or rudely m lied 

j^ " Bug Hunt-era *'— in Selangor, a few hints on (Mjllectiug and 

/ preserving insects may l)e of use 1<> those intere8t4:'d in this 

study, and also to those who are making or thinking of making 

collections for friends at home. 

Before going ou the warpath, let me advise eolleetors to have all 
their apparatus ready ; for what with the damiM-limate and the mnltitude 
of enemies an entomologist has out here, a sperimen left about for two 
or three days will look a sorry sight. Y«>u may expect to tind it either 
a little heap of mould, three piirts devoured by mites, or iu charg<* of a 
company of ants already half way up your Ix' partition en route 
for head-quartei-s. 

The net, of course, is the first co n side rat ion » and although 1 might 
mention half-a-dozen diifen-nt kinds. I shall only recommend two, as 
r<»aUy servicable for work out here. 



Btoppers for out-door work ifl that they are too eaxilj knoekdd 
out of tht* bottlt^e and lost), I advise making two bottlea for the 
following rra«<m : if a eoUeetor ha« only one Inittle he is obliged to 
ptit livi* sjwcinieus iu with doad ones, which, of oom*st». is ruination to 
b<ith ; whereuH if he has two he can easily transfer t«arh insect na soon 
a» it i^ets stujiified to his other one, lhei'e1:«y always Iea\nug one hottle 
empty to rei.civo the next siM'cimen cai>tured. 

6W//«f;.^Hav!ni]^ brought the collector to this point I will try and 
show him what to do to preserve his •* binatan^/' First of all, tht?n, 
tliey must bi« set. This, of course, it^ the ntost imi«>rtunt part of all, 
and if my readers wish their collections to look really nic^ and at the 
same time be valuable, I adviae them to take ^^reat can/ and trouble 
over the setting of their insecte. It is quite painful to see, lis one ib 
always doing, some lovely little butt-erfly or moth pinned to a rough 
board with a huge pin. its wings completely ctjvered witJi large strips 
of paper and perhaps milium its leg8 and one ut its antenuffi as welL 
I nf?ed liardly say tliat a specimen like this, although it may look ftll 
right to the casual observt^r, is to anyone who knows what*s what 
worthleaflL Be very careful, then, in setting your inikvts not U} damage 
or break any part of them and remember, at the same time, that a 
thing worth doing is worth doing well. 

Pig. rV. represents part of a s»*tting Ixiard, Tlie l>ody A la 
made of a f in. plank 1 ft, long, the width, of course, varying atviording 
to the size of the insects tliat vou wish t-o net. In the centre a groove 
B 18 eut ^ in. deep, the brt*adtK de[iending as licfore on the siz*- of the 
specimen. The board is now lievelled off on «ni4?h side at an angle of 
15^ — that is \ in., to its outiFide edge from the f*«>int C. On the sides 
D D and at the bHtom of the gr^xive B cork may be glued. Pith i« 
often used, but my objection to it is that it stddoin has an even surface 
and is liable to get damp and mildewv and your insi*< ti* may ^tm- 
srqueDtly suffer. As I wajs unable to gt»t any cork out here, I have 
had all my setting Ixiards made of very soft white* wood and find them 
excellent to work with : 8| in., 5{ in., 5 in., 4 in.. 2J in., 2 in., 1 in., 
J nu, I in. are all useful widths for setting boards. The largest uite 
being large enough for any atlas moth and the smaUeit small auxigh 
to stft a mosrptito on. 

Now let us turn to Fig. V», which shows a yellow underwing 
moth braced to the setting Ixiard. To get the moth In this [K^sitioit 
it most first of a]l Ik? pinned and placed in the groove A C. (Be es^re- 
f\d in pinning inse^is to pkee the pin eiactlv in the middle of the 
thf>rax and see that it do».>s not pierce the forelegs on the other side.) 
This done* cut out four small triangolar pieces of cardboard as si 
B B B B. Kow lift up one of the top wings with a fine needle and 
move it to about the angle shown *' ^' ' V. and keep it in this 

position by nieait« of one of t he l*raoes 
on the win. ' * tily hold the ^^^ 
other side _ th^ underwings 

as before, i i.r^ tt to mention tha^ 
front legs should Vie lirrmj^ht forwar 
behind, the antennae should alfN> bu tiTcidy 


•>n ttie 




The first is the ring net, wliicb for almost any kind of worV has no 
equal, being easily niacle,Tory strcmg, anil, when f< J<1od u|>, very portable. 
To mannfai'ture this o+^t obtain some 8li*ut brass wu*e and make, or 
get a Chinaman to make for you, a ring of 3 te^^t i-ircumference, as 
shown in Fig. 1. having a joint at A and two feel, cme a little shoii-er 
than the other, an at B and 0, beut sbghtly inwarda h and c. Fig. II, 
represents what tlu' net shoolrl look like when shut up. Now cover 
tbe ring kvosely with bolland sind to this attach yoiu* bag of mosquito 
netting or leno» To complete the net, get a strong stick (Fig. Ill,) 
abont 3^ feet long, and at tbe end A make two grooves, one on 
either side, corresponding in length to B and C (Fig, I), At the 
end of each groove bore a small hole to admit points h and c. Next 
get made a piece of briiss tul»e' about tw^^ inches long and of sufiicient 
diameter to slip np and down tbe stick, at the end of which fix a 
brase riug (C) thick enongh to prevent tbe tnlje from falling off. 
To get vonr net fixed place the points h and c (Fig. I.) into the two 
holes ab'eadj made and tbe legs B and C in the grooves. Slip the 
tnlie lip as far as it w^ill go towards A and you will find yonr net is 
very strong and ready for use. 

The eec^jod net, call^^d the Y net, altiiongb very inferior to the 
net already described in many ways, iw nevertheless very useful for 
Kucb jobs juj jungle work, night*bimting, etc. — in ftict, when one btuj 
only a small spaca to use one's net in — this net is certainly preferable to 
any utben To make it, obtain a brass Y (a Cliinauirtn will make it for 
a few cents), the urm.s of which will receive the ends of a 3-feet 
rotan and the tail will hold the stick. The tail of tlie Y should be 
made fairly long, a^J it is very < onvenieut to hold in the band when used 
without the istiek, which you will *»ften have to do when hunting for 
specimens in jungle juiths. 

Having caught your l>utterfly, moth, or Uietle, you will wish to kill 
it in tbe quickest way pjftsible and without damaging it as a 8i>ecimen; 
to do this you will require a killing l>ottie. Buy, then, a glass- stoppered 
jar. Those used by storekeeptn's f<u* preserving cigars make capital 
Iwttles. Next buy 2 ozs, of lump t yanide and a tin of the l^est plaster 
of paris.* Mix a small quantity of the plaster with water and stir it 
till it thickens, p^jur a sufficient quantity into yom* jar to nic(dy cover 
the bottom and rui this place your cyiinide. Now mix some more 
plaster as Ijefore and completely cover the cyanide. While ]>ouring in 
the pLister lie careful to fill up all spaces Itetween the lumps of cyanide 
and to get an even surface. In a few hours your lx>ttle will In? ready 
for use. 

One large bottle of this kind with a mouth, say, about 4 to 5 inches 
broad, is all you will want for home work and will kill in a few 
minutes any insect that you put into it, no matter how large and 
powerful it may be. But if you are going out into the jungle or at 
any distance from home you will tind tliia size loo large to be useful. 
Make, there foi"e, two smaller ones, each just big enough to go nicely 
into your coat pocket, and fitted with a strong cork (my objection to 

• At oynnide k a vefy dwidlv poison imd wry uftNty ^tiifT tti work with. I should recomitii'Dil 
the collector to get bis.p>iiiiide bottle miidv (or uitn hy n cbifiukt , 






be, Booner or later, don*t despair. Put your shoulder to the wheel and 
don't give in ; Qod will help thos*^ who Mp themselveB, and those who 
think that they have only to Ix* t?ood and virttioiis yimng men to ho 
entitles! to the reward of seeing their undertakings flourish and pro»|>er, 
deserve their fate, whatever that may l>e. 

But I am not writing- alx>ut planters' faith and tniat in providence; 
my object is the '* Cultivation of LiJ>enan Coffee/' and tlit-refoi^ let us 
take it for granted that the blossom has luckily got over the first stage 
and that the trees are gradually Ix^ng l>ent down hy the weight of the 
crop. Now is the time for the careful planter to go in for *' supporting " 
the bmnches. But even so simple a thing as supj*oiling a heavily 
laden branch has its adversaries amongst planters. If, they say, I 
support the branch and white ants eat the sui»i>ort, or if it breaks or 
rots, the branch will suddenly drop with all its weight on it and will 
certainly break, whilsl, if I don*t support it, it will gradually bend down 
until relieved by th»* picking of the crop and then it will soon recover. 
It is only in the first few years that the branches bend, later on they 
will be strong enough mul need no support, 

I can only say that I have seen jtromisiug young primaries covered 
with fiuit l>end and break under their weight and thus Ix? lost forever 
to the planter (no other primary will ever grow in its place). I have 
seen other branches supported by sticks from the ground or by pieces 
of wire susjiended from the stem and these branches and their crop 
were all saved. 

If such bmnches are not supported they are very aj^t to break, and 
even if they do not break the «irain on the wot>d is so strong as to 
squeeze it so tightJy together that 8<mrce!y any nourishment can pass 
through to the crop ; the result being that the lierries get black and 
Ary before they ai*e ripe and the branch gets di^ and beoomee dead 

Take, for example, an ordinary garden hose and hang it over the 
wall and sw how much water will pass through it, support the same 
hose then by placing a liend under it where it rests on the wall and 
you will see what an enormous difference it makes in the flow of water. 
It is eatac^tly the same with a branch of a coffee trtn?. 

But even with all care and sup]>ortiug we are not sur«? yet of getting 
oiu" crop in. There are thousands and thousands of eaemics, who seem 
to have no other object in life then to destroy our crop. Suddenly you 
iK?e a Htrong healthy tree, covered with fruit, eLjllaT>se, t]w leaves dry 
up, the berries shriuk and the bright young tree in less than 24 hours 
represents a picture of misery and decay. 

There is nothing the matter with the tree, you cannot detect any- 
thing, but the tree is gone all the same. You may dig it out and 
examine the roots, but you won't get any the wiser* The enemies of 
the coffee tree and the diseases and their cures would require a life- 
time of special study, and even at tlie end of it, one would have to 
confess that one had not discovered the great secret of life and death 
— ^any more than our doctors have aa far as our o^ti lives are concerned, 

If we break an arm or have an attack of fever, and the <loctor8 
know as well we do ourselves what is the miittcr with us, they mny 



belp us to a cCTtain extent ; they may cut off the arm to sate our life 
or give xis mm^ mediduf to kill the fever l>acillu8. Well, if we know 
what is the uiattvr \ritb our c»tffee IrttN wo can help it t<>o t^ a certain 
pxtent. If a liorer has attacked a branch wc cut it off and thus save 
th«* tree's life at the expense of a lu-anch, aod if the tree suffers from 
white ants we mav put si^me salt itll round its stem and wash the tree 
with a solution of salt and water or drive the enemy away by a strong 
apjiHi'ation of night*soil ; l>ut iu this, like in everything else, doctors 
differ. I have read it in books and I have heard planters swear, that 
they poisoned and destroyed white ants successfully by au applica- 
tion of gula Malacca and arsenic. White ants, they say. are very 
greedy and eat everylliinfr* and arsenic and gula Malacca being srweet, 
they swallow it as tioon a« they come acrc»ss it. and when they are dead 
their friends wHl eat their bodies and thus spread the disease and 
mortality amongst the others. Others have told me. and my experieoce 
agrees with theirs, white auts will not eat arsenic and no more think 
of eating the poisoned remains of their brothers, sisters, cousins and 
aunts* then we would those of our own. 

I could mention now hundreds uf enemies of the coffee tree and 
diseases caused by them. There are any amount of beetles, cock- 
chafers and little iuaects who lay their vggis on the tree and cause leaf 
disease ; there are rata who eat your roots and trees \ mousangs, 
monkeys and bats who eat your coffee and break the branches ; and 
besides that there are thieves who steal your crop and sell it ; but it is 
no use my mentioning all these enemies unless I could suggest some 
remedy against them, and hf re I frankly admit my inability to do so.* 

The only effective way, I know of, U» get rid of them, is to catch 
them and to kill them — but you have to catch them first ! 


At last the great event for which we have been working and 
wilting for four years has arrive<l~the first crop is ready to bo 
picked. Each cooly goes about tliis work with a little liag susjHjnded 
round liis waist, into which he drojm the cheriy as he picks^ it i an 
ordinary rice-sack is kept on the roadside and as soon as the cooly 
has filled his bag. be empties it into the sack, and so on until he has 
finished his day's task. A fair day's task is to fill one box 18' x 18", 
or about 100 catties iu weight. 

The women are paid for picking at the same rate as the men — in 
&ct, tiiis is the only titue when they do get th*? same pay for the same 
work as the men. The emancipation of Tamil women has not developed 
so far yet for them to make a l>nld stand for ** women's rights." 
and we planters take advantage of this and take as much as we can out 
of them in hibour and pay them in return a« little for it as we can help. 
Charity always commences at home, and the struggle for ex^istencc 
allows its shadow even out here, where misery and poverty are 
otherwise hardly known. It is the same everywhere, and oiu* Govern- 

* Sh\ K, \V. V:i]i(^)rlk<iiji iu hiw bfw)k " I)V Oast-Indbiche Ctiltnn?i** (Ams^terdam r J. H. He 
B'l -.t fiiemy very of teu Ms Uie plimter himself, throxi|rh tri^ting 

tta^famien) thi-ougli \^ Ton^ iind mistaken wtioiis ur tJ»rougli 



meut ireatu us exact Ij in the same wav that we treat our isoa^itA — doIt 
•Ofuif puopU^ refuse to admit it aud liVe to po^ as beiie£nelor« to ikit 
suH^nng world at large. I don't ; I Like Uj see justice beli^ afhninit- 
tered — Justice to all ]>artjes, a^ far hh posaible, and as far aa it 
iam not inooiiTeiueDc^' *' me/' If a TamU woman is wiUing to wofk 
lor 20 eents a day and \m satbfied witli it, why should we pay her 
mtm* ? U we will take up laud at $3 per acre and' pay a dollar quit- 
rent |ier amiuoi and l^ % export duty on the produce, and also 
af9oe{H land with th*? condition that Government may take it back 
whiBMUswer it Uke«i aud ]*ay us for it whatever it thinks fit — why sh^mld 
0OT<ftiimejit f^ive it to us on better terms ? 

Even^thiDK in this world is regulated by demand and supply. 
If we firoduce more nUver than we require, down goes the piioe 
and tiKrtiaof^e mav go to 111 or less, as we have seen. If there are 
him c^iolies than we re/^uire* up g«J the rates. If there is more coffee 
produced thau the buyers consume, down goes the price. If Govern- 
mnrit has a lot of waste land aud no ap]>licant8 for it« you can have it 
rheap. Government will U* only totj anxious to ^et the planterB, and 
sometimes, having got thcii^ would often 1x* glad to get rid of them 
again. Such is life: we crave for what we cannot get and never 
value properly what wc liave. 

I really must apologise : this chapter is beaded *' First Crop and 
Picking/' but I have gone somewhat aatray» and on a well-regulated 
estate this cannot Imj tolerated. There is no fly -picking here and 
there, everything is done systematically ; row after row is picked, and 
even if the next field should Ixj covered >^*ith fruit in abimdance, it 
must not be touched l>efore it is that pailicular field's turn ; and so it 
is iilso with me^philosophy, Govemmeut and and its policy of dealing 
Tvith planters, Planters* Associations and their doings, will all have 
their fair share of my criticism, when it is their turn, but meanwhile 
let me return to my chapter. 

Some planters are of opinion that it is a mistake to pick the first 
crop ; let it blossom and bear, they say, but don't allow the berries to 
ripen. Why not take off the b]o8H*>iii, then? Oh. bo; that would 
diaheartcii the tret\ But why shoiald it dishearten the tree more to 
take off the blossom than to take off the berries *r 

I do not Ijelievc in this. If nature lias provided the tree with 
strength to [irudutx* a crop, I don't see why we should not pick it. 
Pick it, but return to the soil at least as mueli as you have taken out 
of it with the crop and Buificiently more to give it strength to produce 
a future and larger crop. In picking 1>e careful not to allow any 
black or dry cherries or unrijK? berries to l^e mixed witli ynur ripe 
fresh cherries* Black and dry cherries are hard and very difficult to 
ptdp, aud damage your pulper almost as much as a stone. 

Whether you work in task work, conti-act, or daily lalx»ur, I woidd 
advise you to receive the cherry by the weight. A pikul in weight is 
equal to about a box in measure and it is much easier to weigh 
exactly 28 catties than to measure 0.28 of a box, 

(Tu he continued.) 

No. 5.— Vol. V.—lSth X^jremUr. ISfJfj. 


A DAILY PAPER will ^]i<«rtlv U* ]<uMi>lK»I in Kuiilii Lumpur. 
and in uur ni'Xt issui^ Wf h**\v x** U- :il»k- t.i u'ivf s'»iii«:r «l»*tail!» 
of Xhv n«.'W Venture. In the meant iiue. we will wish it. when 
unce started, everv i"jssil»le &u«:ctrss!. 

The Resident -General and staff lelt Kiiahi Luiiiiiur f'lr Perak "U 
Saturday, the Tth inst.. for a jinilwMe al»seiiri.- uf twii months. Mr>. 
and Miiis Rodirer alis'^ left at the same time, on a visit X*j "The 
Cottage," Taipeng. 

Captain H. L. Talbot has l:»een apiHijuted Suj-^.Tintendeut «.»f 

Prisons. Selanyor. Mr. W. L. Ramsay. ..f the Charterer! Bank, who 

wa« relieved by Mr. AV. C. Gibson in February last, has returue<l to 

Kuala Lumpur to take charge of the I'l-al bniueh. Mrs. D'An.-y 

Irvine and children left here for Australia mh the .5th: Mr. I nine 

aecomYianying his family as far as Sin^'ai^re. Mrs. W. T. Wi.M>d 

left for Euroi^e on the lOth inst. It .sitvm> that Mr. Stok<ie is 

really at last lj^>ing on leave. Mr. Clarke. D. E. «..f Ulu Lautrat. will 
take charge of the P. W. Defiartuieut. Ulu Selamjor, and Mr. H. F. 

Bellamy, Deputy State Enjrinfn.-r, will l.Njk after Ulu Langat. Mr. 

Douglas Camplx'U will ^o on short leave i*t Eun.»j'e as soon as it «.-an 

be settled who is to act fur him. Mr. M. A. Hawes. of the Straits 

Trading Co.. is to Ix' transferred fr^mi Kuala Lumpur tu P»'rak. The 
Committee of the Museum will a valuable memlx*r, and the 
Selangor Club will seem rather quiet of an evenintr without the four 

dogs that have always accompanied that irentleman. Mr. H. C. 

Holmes is at present a guest at the Resideney. Mr. E. A. Watson 

has returned from his trip round the States of the East Coast. — Mr. 
Norman l«»ft for Siuirapore *>u Tue.sday last tn meet Mrs. Norman, on 
her return to the East. Mr. Geor^rir Shepherd, "f Balirownie Estate. 
Kajang, has als«» ::'»ne t'.» mwt Mr?*. Shepherd. Tln-y are exi/ect*.**! to 
return to Selangor by Suuday'.s Sitpphr: 


The Visitiiij^' Lady for the Kuala Lumpur Samaritan Society for 
November is Mrs. Stafford, aud for December Mrs. Chartres. 

TuEBE was a dance at the Lake Club on the 3rd inst. There will 
probably be a dance at tlie Selanj^or Club during the present month. 

The i>ublic holiday of the 9th inst., the Prince of Wales's Birthday, 
was not in any way marked in Kuala Lumimr. All the business 
houses in the town were open, and during' the fn't^ater part of the day 
a calm solitude reijj^ned about the Club and Parade Ground. One 
venturesomo official, arrayed in pink collar and brij^ht blue necktie, 
tried to ima^ne that he was out for a London Bank Holiday, but the 
dull doj^s at the Club only j)oktHl fun at him. 

Our Kajan^ Cricketers left on Sunday last by the s.s. Malacca, 
for Port Dick8f>n, arrivinj^ at Seremban at 7 p.m. the same evening. 
The niat4*h, played the followiuj^ day, resulted in a draw ; Kajaug 
made 10<>, to which Bellamy contributed 4-1- and Whitley liU ; Sungei 
Ujong^H play was 8toj)iK.'d hy the rain when they had knocked up 64 
for four wickets, the runs U'iug mainly got by F. Tallwt aud Gunn. 
In the evening there whs a concert at the Sen.«ml>an Club, which was 
kept up till the small hours. Most of the visitors left on Tuesday, 
travelling overland. 

We have not as yet heard much regarding what has hitherto been 
one of our most ]K»pular annual fixtures— that is, the Chiistmas Tree 
for children. Si^meone, who is prc])aivd to sacrifice some time aud 
take some trouble in the cause of the youngsters, should be stirring. 

By an alteration in the by-laws of Rea<l Lodges sanctioned by the 
Grand Lodge of England, the regular monthly meetings of the Lodge 
will Ih? held on the third Saturday in the month instead of on the 
third Monday. The alteration has Ixvn made chiefly on account of 
out -station brethri'u. 

The new Kuala Lumpur Recri'iition Club will j>robably be formally 
oi>ened in al>out a week's time; the deluy having been caused by the 
non-an-ival of the furniture. One of the features of the new Club 
will be the absence oi any 4 )Utst anglings on " wine accounts," refresh- 


ments being obtHiniible viilv on chits, whiob. in tlu'ir turn, ran oulv 
be bad on cash payments. 

The Ditali Festival was ctilebnite<l in Kuala Lunii»ur last week, 
and several of our i^lautfrs had t«» take an fuforoed holiday. Mr 
Tambusami Pillay's rositjenee on the Batu Road was illuminated for 
sevenil evenings, and was the scene of much feast in;? and entertain- 
ing. The Fi>rt, on the evening of the 4-th. was lit \\\*, auil looked very 
pretty with its rows of lights. 

The weddiniT, or the festivitie-s in e'»nn»x-ti«'n with it. t»f Mr. Yaj» 
Loong Chin with the daiiirhtt-r of th*- late T >wkay Ciun^w Ah Yeok, 
hafl made the town livi-ly during tlie wtt:-k. Rjth at the town n'si- 
dence of Mrs. Yap .\h Loy alie mother uf thf bridei:rui.»nr». in Market 
Street, and at that of Mrs;. Clu-ow Ah Yeok. in Klyne Street, 
decoration8 and n-ceptinns an«l feastiu'js have bt'i.'n the order of the 
day, or week. A larire temp-iniry theatre. i*re«-ted in Old Market 
Square, has provtnl a u'l'eat attraetion to eri»wdi*l audien<;es daily, and 
on Sunday and Monday la.^^t hiug ]ir«M-e.ssion.> *.*{ Indians, with banners 
and ''music," wound through the town lH*arini: presents to the 
young c^juple fri.»ni Mr. D'»rasaniy Pillai an^l ^Ir. Tambusamy Pillai, 
respectively. On Saturday the 7lli inst.. a hir:;e ri»nipany sat down 
to dinner at Mrs. Ch»'<»w Ah Y».-ok*s Garden <.iu the Ami>ani: 
Road, the ho.stess facing Mr. L. C. Jaeks^ai. the Judicial CommiJ^^5ioner, 
at the table. Mr. Jackson, in a few words, proposed the health of 
Mrs. Cheow Ah Yeok. and the hapi' of tin* bride and brideLrroom. 
and Mr. H.C. Eidvres, ..n !»half of Mrs. Ah Yei>k. responded. The 
Ijand was in attendan«-e, and after dinner there was dancing. On 
the following eveniutr. Sun«liiy. aii«.»rher dinner wu.s given. Tuesday 
evening was the occasion, with u)u<-h p«»mp and ceremony, of the 
reception of the bridegroom in the huuse "f thi* bride, the api»earanee 
of both was simply gf»rgeou». the brivle t^eiuir literally weighed down 
with fine rolx.»s and jewellery. On Thursday. l»eing the third day 
after the marriage, invitations were is.sued fv^r a reeeption at the hous«j 
of the bride; and t«>-mght (Friday; there is to li.: a dance at Mrs. 
Cheow Ah Ye«jk's lnjuse. Amj-anu' K«.«d.d. 

Mn. KoBEKT Mlikll. wh«' ju^t n«»w is wnrkinir uj^in the estate he 
is opening at Dainansnra. is *till kei-n ••n sinirt, and a day or so l.»aek 
landed, with a >lio: in tIh- h»-utl, a -p^r. measuring V4 ft. Sin. Ou 
opening thu brut'-, sev^nti-en &t'»nes and thrii* larg»? hooks, each ovrr 
4 in. loUL'. v.-c-r-- f.-uud in its iuaide. Ii we remember rightlv, " W. S." 


tmvii n4ali!<l how tlie Makvs aver that the nunjlier of stoiies fouSc 
a erucodile's stomach tk^Dote thi* tiuniljer of different suDgeis it hah 
dwelt ill. The hooks would eeeua to show that it had Lad at le<isi 
thret^ narrow escapes before it had the misfortiiue to encounter " The 

The Dance given by the Resident- Gleneral on the 5tb inst., at 
which the Resident and Mrs. and Misa R4.^dj^r were present, was a 
very suiTt'ssful and enjoyable affair, dancinj^ \mng kept up with great 
vigour until about 3 a.m. A house of the size of that at present 
occupied by the Rcsident-likjneral presents many difficulties when 
giving a dance like that of the 5th, but so admiral »ly wen} the 
arrangementa made that there did not ap]>ear to be thu least incon- 
venience or crowding* and the largo front verandah, above the 
portico and opening out from the ballroom, made an excellent addition 
to the space set apart for danciDg, The supper- tables were laid down- 
8t4iirs, and although the company sat down in two parties^ yet by the 
way in wdiich two rooms* <.me opening from the other, were made by 
the arrangement of the tables to appear as one, it seemed that all 
might have been seated at once. It is some years now since Mr, 
Swettenham acted as host at a similar gathering in Sclangor, but from 
the very charming evening that was sjMiit and the evident enjoy lueut 
of his guests, it may l)e hoped that there are many more in store for 
us Selaiigor folk — and visitors. 


A OENTLEMAN, a reputed naval officer, whose appearance? for some 
unaccountable reason seemed to cause tmicli amusement* has during 
the w*eek been making enquiries as to the prospects of coffee planting 
in Sekngor, He received much valuable information from more than 
one authority, and we cannot do I letter than recommend him to 
BUpplement it by a close consideration of the series of articles on coffee 
ctdtivation bow ap|>eariog in our jtages^ feeling sure that he will gain 
many hints unobtainable from any other source. 

Among the new roads that are being made in Kuahi Lumpur, an 
excellent one is that nmuing from the Swettc^nham Road, skirting the 
Service Reservoir hill, on to the Public Gardens, which it entei^s at the 
back of the Lake Club. It joins the new road on the west side of the 
Lake, where the residence for the Resident-General w^ill l>e built. The 
road opens up some good land with several fine sites for buildings, 
and will add another to the many pretty drives round Kuala Lum[)ur. 



The adjoiimed general meeting of those interested in the *'St€ve 
Harper Meinoriar' was held on Stitunliiy, the 31 st tilt., at the 
Selaiigor Cluh, Mr. H. F. B«-'llaiiiy iti the Chair. The minutes of the 
previaus meetingK having bet^u read, and the suggeations of the 
Committee placed Ix^fore the meeting, Mr. C E. ¥. Sanderson pro- 
r posed t and Mr* Maynard seconded, a resolution that the memorial 
I take the form of a seholarnhip at the Vietftria Infttitiition ; Dr. E. A, O. 
'TtaTers proposed, and Mr. K. TamlHissamy Pillay seetmded, as an 
amendment that the memorial should take the form of a drinking 
fountain in Old Market Square. Seveml geutlemen apoke in favour 
uf the resolution and the amendment, respectively; imd on l>eing put 
to the meeting the amendment was (arriod l>y one vote, the numlMTs 
being 13 and 12. The Chairman then deehired that, Bubjeet to the 
proposal meeting with the wishes of Mrs. Harper and Mr. A- C. Harper, 
the memorial will !>e in the form of a drinking fountain, and that the 
Committee would at onee take steps to eolleet sol >seri|il Ions ii^Y that 
purpose. The question of limiting siil»8i:Tiptiuns was disensised, and 
it was resolvi^d that no limit should be phieed on individual subsenp- 
tions. Mr. H. C. Bidges kindly undertook to act as Treasurer to the 
fxmd. A vote of thanks was passed to Mr. Bellamy for presiding at 
the meeting. 

The first general meeting of the memberH of the Belangor Club 
under the revised ndes was held at 6,80 p.m. on Saturday, tin* 
3lHt uit.. Mr. J, P. Kodg^^r, the President, Wing in the ehair. One of 
the effects of the new rules is that the confirmatory meeting which 
has hitherto bx'U held will no longer be in-ee88ary, thus avoiding a 
repetition of the dead loek which ap]H.^ared to be imminent after the 
last April meeting. There was a fairly full attendame uf memlaTH, 
including Mr, R, G. Watson, Vice-President, Mr. A. R. Bligh, Secretary, 
Dr. Travert?. aud Messrs. Cumming, Dougal, Sandernon and Rumsell, 
meml>ers of Committee. The business of the evening commenced with 
the ixiading and eoafiri»ation of the minutes of the last general 
meeting. In placing Wfore the members the Committee's report for 
the past six months, Mr. Rodger refi-rred to the very ftatisfaetory 
state of things set forth in that report, and spoke m high terms of 
the management of the Clul> and of the work of the Committee; 
dtiring the long period that he had det*n connected with the Sekngor 
Club, having had the honour of being its first President, he could 
recall no time when it hiul seemed to lie sounder finaneially or when, 
as a building, it had appeared to better advantage. Compared with 
what it was some little time baek, and h:H>king to the improvements 
which had been made, botli inside and out, he might well term it an 



onuiment to the fine sito it occupied, and the additions and alterations 
sug^Bted in the ix^port and provideil for in the ostimutes. would, U 
adopted by thenu^eting, ^o atill further to impnive it. The report was 
then taken as read ; and the aeeounts and the estimates were put to 
the meeting and passed, the latter cml>L>dyiu{> the prujMjsition of tJie 
Committee to expend on capital account the sum of ?l,0O0 on alter- 
ations and additions and a fxirtlier HUm of $1,000 fur tlie purchase of 
a new Uiiliard table. The meetiuLr then proceeded to ballot for five 
ijiembers nf Committee, and Captain H- C. Syers* Dr. E. A. O, Travers 
and Messrs. C. E. F. Sanderson, W, Tearle and J. RusBell were doct*.Hl ; 
Messrs. O, Camming and L. Dou<i:al being the Government nominees* 
The new Committee is practically the same as the retiring one, Mr. 
Dougal taking the phtce of Mr. Carey as a Government nominee (the 
latter gentleman having too many calls on his time to permit hini to 
accept nomination) and Mr. Teurle taking the place of Mr. Dougal as 
an elected memljer. The next item on the agenda was to reeeivo 
nominationa and to elect a Cricket Cuptain for the eiiHuing six months. 
Mr. Dougal, who was retiring from that post, in nominating Mr. A. B. 
Hul>back as Captain s)>oke of the exceHent services rendered to ericket 
by that gentleman in the past and how foufldent be (Mr. Dougal) wa« 
that» if elected, Mr, Mii!»baek would devot*^* h'lA eDergiea to and work 
hard for the welfare of cricket in Selangor. There iH'ing no other 
nomineis Mr. Hubliaek was, on a show of hands, declared to l>e 
unanimously elected, the Presideiit taking the oj>portunity of wishing 
hiui every success and a In^ter ground to play on. A vote of thanks 
to the chair brought the meeting to a conclLiaiou. 

Ajff examination in Malay will be held in Kuala Lumpur on 
Monday, the l*jth inst., and an examinalion in law on (be 17th and 
following days. Messrs. H, C. Beltifld and A. liuth'r have 1h_h.'« 
added to the Board of Examinei*8 in Malay, and Mr. T. H, Kershaw 
to that of Law. 

On the 1st of January, under certain sections of the " Foreign Coin 
Prohibition Regulation, iHl^l," the cireuhition of all copper and bronze 
coin issued liy the Oovemment^ of British North Borneo, Sarawak and 
Bnmei is prohibited. 

The last Government Gazpite contains the notice of sale of 17 
bWks of agriciiltiu'al land in the Klang District on Monday. 7th 
Decemljei» at 2 p.m.. at th'.- Distrirt Ofhce, Klang. A sketch plan, 
showing the blocks for sale and adjacent properties, and the conditions 
of sale are also published. 


The lx)oks oontainiiii^ the valuaticai of, and niti's ini)K>i)iKl on. 
buildings in Kuala Lumpur and Suniroi B«.»8i for 1897 aro oinrn for 
inspection at the Sanitary Board's Offices in lx)th towns. Any apj>eals 
will be heard at the office in Kuala Luni^nir at 8 a.m. on Thursday, 
the 26th inst. 

A BECENT number of the Lancet contains an aeeount of the iuen'ase 
in the outbreak of l>eri-beri in the Richmond District Lunatie Asylum, 
Dublin, where there are now 42 cases undi.'r treatment. The 
Governors of the Institution met to iMinsider the state of affairs and 
found that in a buildin^^ intended for 1,1 '25, no fewer than 1,725 
patients were "accommodatiHl." What with leprosy at Weymouth 
and beri-beri at Dublin, the old country will soon lose itn reputation 
as a health resort. 

The following parafjcraph is from Mr. H. N. Ri<]ley'.s pa]M.M- on 
" Eamie," written for the Straiff^ T/m*^^ : -" What the future of the 
Ramie industry is no one can say, but if it fulfils its promise, it should 
make a complete revolution iu the fibre trade, and will prol)ably 
drive out a great j>roport.ion of the? other fibres. liut it will be, I 
believe, in the Malayan region that the i^nnit production will be. 
Here there is plenty of land available, <'heap labour and the most 
suitable climate for cultivation. Mueh interest has U^en excited iu 
the plant, and the demand for it has been much in excess of the 
local supply; and, as serious attempts are Wu\<r made to devt4op this 
most important industry, we may hope ere long to stje the fibre 
figure in the trade returns of the Colony.'* 

The P.W.D. have called for ti^iiders for the worlv to be <lone in 
1897 under the headings of*'W\»rks and B\iildinga"' and "Roads, 
Streets and Bridj^es." respectively. Tin* usual list, relating to all 
districts hi the State, is ])ublished in the last Oazeiiey and tenders 
have to be sent in to the Governm«'ut Secretary's Office by the 3rd 

A General Meeting; of the Selangor Planters' Association will 
be held in the Reading Room of the Selangor Club on Saturday, the 
2l8tNoveml)er, 189<5, at 10.30 a.m., to transact the general business of 
the Association and to consider any other points of which due notice 
may have been givt^n to the Committee. Draft ag4»nda of business : 

1. To rea<l an<l if approved confirm the minutes of last General 


2. To ooiiftidor the following resolutions, proposed by Mr. Carey — 


(d) That the question of employing coolies discharged by fellow- 
I>laut4»r« bo brought up for discussion. 

(b) That a copy of Dr. Bott*s analysis of the bottle of port wine 
purchamMl at u Chinese shop at the 8th mile on the UluGombak Bead 
lit* H\ibmitt(Hl to the Government, who he asked to take such vigorous 
art ion in the matter as will put an effectual stop in Selangor to the 
iin|N)rtation, UH*al manufacture and sale of this injurious and poisonous 

:J. To riuiHidor correspondence with Government — 

(<i) liv Onlinanco for the Protection of Indian Immigrants; 

(h) lit' Fivlenil PriHbice Protection Enactment, 1897. 
1. To makt» final arrau^oments re obtaining closing London market 
iiricoM from Singapon* Exchange. 

.'». To connider lUiy other points of which due notice may have been 


A CHIN KSK FKUD. -It was at Blank, one of our Iwst-known tin- 

f\ miniug »M»ntre8. that these gentlemen resided. Let us call them 

/ Ah Sin uud Yap Toug. In the days when our racing Doctor 

WMH an A.n.O. lu» knew them well. Ah Sin was a short, dirty, dried- 

iip. povcrlv Htrirkeu looking little man who seemed ashamed of having 

Itrrit l»oi'n Yap Toug waH if anything even dirtier than his partner 

Ah Hilt, hut ho waN a big man with a voic^' like a broken drum and a 

^\\\\\ that lUMii'lv hn»ke bin jaw. Now Ah Sin and Yap Tong were 

iiailtMM'w lit a \\u\u\ Hoveral mines in fact, and such faith had they in 

iiiti h olhor in tho hiter eighties that all the mining titles bore their 

|iilhl naiiifN Karlv in the nineties they quarrelled and a feud began 

\\\\U\\ wan ((I pidvidc ociM!pati<m to the magistrate for several weary 

^ What hfarttMl tlie quarrel is buried in the obscurity of the 

littiii NV hrh oiHi' Hiarted earh side accused the other of every enormity 

HiMJi-i til" «Mh Nrarlv cviTv work the same scene was repeated in 

I hi- IMmIiIi'I Olllrf, whicli at that time consisted of a room in the Rest 

lliiiiMH Ah HiH wuuhl glidr in first with a nuM?k and innocent look 

Mil hiM hill', ainl ^u(h whining vtticc pour forth a heart-rending tale of 

h)M hHi'I I Mill, iiiiihtMl hv YapTong*s total disregard of an order given 

\i\ Ihi- iiiiiMiNlralo fho |ircc«Mling wtvk anent the opening and shutting 

III ii nhilm M»»to Mv-anil-hyo, Yaj) Tong would come rushing in, 

rihhiill) vnrv aiigiy. After falling over a chair or two and wiping 

Ihn |»««l»|»irali'»ii hdin hin excited brt>w, he would suddenly break out 



ifito one g:igantic smile by way of attrartin^ symiMitby am} then etart 
at the ti>p of his voiie to derlaim against Ah Siu*8 illegal and t-riminal 
•etion of throwing uverlmrden on the tup of hi« ( Yap Tongas) karoog, 
Tb«?n for the thirtieth time the exafijK^rated iua^i**trate would interview 
them both together. The same old diflirulty would arise. TTap Toiig, 
wound up to concert -pi tclu could nut Iw kopt cpiiet. His Homls of 
tempestuous oratory could not Ix* restrained wlien aetuully face to 
fuet* \iith his hatod rival, Ali 8i«, ou the other hand, was efjually 
annoy iu^ owin^^ t«» hi» policy of masterly reticence in the prest*nce of 
his foe. Police court ftncs troid>led them not. Finally, the Govern- 
ment tot>k away suuie of their land, but for m»»uthK after all mining 
had stopped and neither had a cent of ready money they still went for 
each other as of old. Ah Sin, residing in a wretched hovel near the 
mining land, earned a mvsterioiis living for a year or fto and then 
disaj»i>eared, whilst Yap Tong went to the chetties : for in the days 
Itefore he met Ah Sin he had arjuired house property— all «»f which, 
strange t4> say, had not l>eeu registered in his wife's name. 

Another Unfortunate Partnership, — Not far from Blanlc 
there is a Vi;duable mining estate which has already been the cause of 
much litigation The last time it was again a case of ** partnership 
may mean more loss than ] profit." Ltjni^- Tong was ou<^ jiMjMner and 
Sing Saiu was anolher r Long Tong wan ji j^'orwl uiun and a just man, 
but his old friend Sing Sam was a little \my cute for him. It 
hapi>ened in this way. Sing Sam went away and left his partner Long 
Tong to finance and carry on the mines single handed. Thi*reiipon 
T^jng Toijg wrote to Sing Sam and told him that as lu' was running 
the whole show he refuned to allow Mr. Sing Sam to continue in the 
partnership. Years went on. Long Tong strove t^irly and late until 
at last l>y stn'ct attention to business and good investments he had 
amassed a eonsidenible neat egg. Then once again iipN>n the se<^ne 
apiM^ared his ijimndam partner Sinir Sam, who, cungratuhiting him 
upon the firurs success, said he would like a setUemeut and a cheque 
for half the profits up to date. This was a staggerer for poor old 
Long Tong, whi» tloring all these yearn had Ihvu nursing the comfort- 
able U^lief that he had iloiie with Sing Sam for ever. He fought his 
case manfully thnaiudi all the Courts, where it was driven home to his 
soul that by the law of the white man a partner cannot !x^ expelled 
from a partnership merely by the written w^ieh of aoother partner. 
Long Tong had to jniv over many tliousiinds from his pile, lait whether 
Sing Sam benetiti-d uuuh I <lon't knuw, as an enterprisiug Chetty 
skipjietl away and rettirned with Sing Sam*s I. O.TJ's., given in anolher 
land, which if settled in foil must have left Sing Sam very little spare 
cash to ti^ke home with him. 




(PiJLriNG, Washing, Drying, Peeling, Sorting.) 

T ET us ima<;iue tlitit our coftVe Ih pi^'ki-J ami received in the store. 

j J It takes ten pikuls of cherry to make one pikul of clean coffee, 

r"^ representing a vahu* of .S40. and it takes a louj:? time and has 

^ to pass tbrou^'h many manipulations and 'evolutions before the 

planter gets in possession c>f his mtmey, and after all, a good 

many j>eople may wonder that we get so very little for so much 

labour and such great risk. 

Before we can i>ulp oui* coffee we must have a store and pulpiug- 
shed. Here, again, is a difficulty. If a i»lanter has the money, or if 
he can raise the necessary funds, I would advise liim to put up at once 
a decent store on brick pillars and covered with tiles or corrugated 
iron, large enough to admit his crop being cured there for many years 
to come. I would advise him to get at once a good oil engine, not less 
tlian 16 H.P. to enable him to drive peelers, elevators, pulpers, drying 
fans, pumps and whatever else he may ultimately require. An 
engine of 16 HP. docs not cost much more than one of eight, and 
you get doul>le the amount of work out of it. If you put up a tem- 
porary store and temiK)rary pulpers, you will have to keep on altering, 
adding, improving, changing, until yt»u get sick of it. Finally you will 
have to put up a good store after all and get all the machinery. If 
you have ca]>ital, don't waste your time antl money in experimenting 
with temporary sheds and temporary arrangements and inferior 
machinery. You lose much more that way than you might possibly 
save in interest on your ca])ital. 

But there may l)e another objection— you may not have the money, 
and that is a very good reason for not spending it. 

In that case, of course, you have to makt? the best of it ; try 
to sell your cherry to a neiglibour ; this in su(;h a case would be 
the most satisfactory* thing to do ; but sliould this be impossible, then 
raise an atap shed for a few dollars and buy one of Walkers* small disc 
hand-]>ulpers for jtl8; you will find that you will Ix^ able to do all 
your pulping until such time as you can afford to Iniy a larger one 
and to build a prop(?r st<>re ; or, if even this is too expensive, buy an 
ordinary crusher and a sieve and get thnnigh as well as you can. You 
will always be al)le to find a market for e iff'ee in parchment, as I shall 
mention later on. But, wliatever you do. don't dry your cherry in the 
skin. This is called the native style of curing. It is a most difficult 
task to <'ure dry ch(»rry, and <t)ifee obtained from dry cherry never 
fetches the same high price in the market as coffee pulj^ed and cured 
in the ordinary way, although, as regards tlavour and quality, I have 
no doubt the <-nft*i'e cured in the native fashit>n is far superior; but it 
does not look so ni«*e and even, and also has not the same bright 
apjx»arance as the former, and appearance must be, or rather is, paid 
for in cotTee as well as in everything else. 

I cjinnot of give much advice about the store, this depends 
entirelv on the funds and capital at the planter's disposal ; but I 
should sav, whatever you do, do it so that you can utilise what you 


have done in your future inipruvonu'Uts. A ston* trenoruUy consists of 
a pLitform, thnre or four rtMM'ivin^ ristf rns jiu<i oiio washiuj,' or tail 

I would not advise less than I'uur reri'ivin^ tistrnis. ami. In-siiles 
the tail eistcrn, another on** lo cati-li tlu- |iul|». which always <*ontains 
a certain amount of eoffei-. and it will tluTcl^nv i»ay th»' planter to 
wash the pulp onee more ean*fully lu'lnrc allowing; it to he ustnl for 
manuring puqK»&eH. 

My reason for advising four nMi'iviiii; cistrrns is that Lilx»rian 
coffee after Ix'in^ puliied should fenueiit for three days U-fori- 1m 'iii^ 
washed; it rtn-piiivs th«n\'fi»rc* four tanks if you want to work continu- 
ally. Tlie fourth day you ]>ulp into cistern Ni». -K whils: you wash 
the coffee in tank No. 1, the />th day you ]>nl]) into No. 1 and wash 
the coffee in Ni». 2, and so on. To j,how iK-ttcr what J mean, I will 
give later on a small sketch ami plan of iiu ^m Unary cotYiM* store and 
pulping shed. 

Below is your pul pi n^-she«l ami ahove is the ^^tore. A building 
like this will cost aKnir sl,(M)0 to S'i.oo'); it all <.lep.*n«ls of coui-se 
on what kind of niattM'ial you use anrl wheliuT ynu cover the huild- 
ing with atap or corrugated iron, and whether you use jungle wood or 
merban square Iv.'ams. etc. You can ..pen^l live c.r .six thousand dollars 
for the same store and more even; l»ut f«ir one to two thousand 
dolLirs, you should Ik.- a hie to ^^^et a ^"-nj*,] huildini^'. sufliciently stnuii^ 
to stand all the pressure tliat is ever likely t«» Im' put on it. 

The next item is the pulpinir. Then- are many iliiYerent kinds of 
pulpers, but the lH.>st pulper for Liherian cj.lln- which 1 know, and 
which I would therefore rivomniejid t<> every i>lanier. is Walkers' disc 
pulper. A Walkers' small hand-pnljn-r will pul[i ahout 1<) hoxes of 
cherry in an hour and ei^^ht men in Mie ston* are sulliiieiit to do all 
the work. Sixty boxes is a fair <lay's ta:-k for the men t«> ])uli>, as 
it must be taken into i-onsideration that it is very hanl work. Tf you 
have a lot of eofftH? to jadp, k^^-p two ;;:an;^'s of rouHi's ami relieve 
tliem after thev have iinishe<l .''.M or ()'» boxc-;. 

To avoid tliscolouralion, W careful not to mix your parchment 
with any more pulp than you c;in help, an<l il must be kept in mind 
that at no future peri«>d will it be so «Msy to se[.arate the skin from 
the panrhnient as when p-.dpiii;;: ^r ViishiuLT. Panlinh-nt wlicn it is 
fresldy pulped is of a clean white coh.ur. and it will keep so as lon^f 
as it is kept in flowin;^ water; if it is stored in a. dry plac4' and mixed 
with pulp (that is, the flesh or skin of the berry) it will turn brownish 
red. A good strong supply of watt-r is reijuireil to pulj) [jiberian collec. 

The day's puljiinj^ bein^ tini.slied. ei.ver up I he parchment and 
leave it alon*» for tiiree ni^ht.s. Durin;^ this time it will f»*rment. I 
don't think that this is doin- with any iih'ii of improvinLT or a fl'e«-t inu- 
tile quality, but simply to ^^-t rid of the s;h<harine matter. 

WHien the coiYec is pulpe<l it is «livi«l«'d in skin and ])anhment, 
skin is the pulp whieh has been removed from th;- berry and parch- 
ment is the i)art of the l>erry that remains, this j.arcliment is covered 
with a thick and sweet coat »►?, which sticks to it and cannot lie 
got rid of until it has been exposed ti» a process of fermentation. 



TliK«i takes from two to three clays, uud the jmrdimont during this 
|i4Tiod gets BO hot that you eanut^t bear your liaiicl in it for any lenf»*th 
of time. When you can easily squeeze the flf^sh off the parehment, 
tbe fermentation h snliitient and the next thin*^^ to Vie done is waahing, 
For thiH purpose the pareliiuent is imeovered and spread about in a 
cistern and a nouiber of cm^lies tread the iiesli ofif. This being 
thoroughly done, elean water is turned on and renewed as often 
as necessary, until the sae<diarine matter i« rpiite washed away. 
Toil can hear it distinetly when this is the ease, as the parchment 
w*heii raked up sounds like wood beiu;^' ral>bed agtiinst wood, whilst so 
long as the saeehariue matter is still on it it does not make that noise. 

When the parchment is thoroughly w'a.shed it is measured again 
into boxes of 18' x 18", and yiiu will iind that 100 boxes ot pul|)ed 
cherry will irixe an out-turn of alicait 24 boxes of wet parchment. The 
wet parchment should K? taken straight from the washing cistern to 
the liarbfcue. If this is dtme it will keep a whiti? colour, otherwise it 
will get darker. The colour of the parchment does not in any way 
affect the quality of the coffee, but yet planters like to turn out as 
white and eh^'au a sample of parchment as possible; very oft*?n, 
however, this w^hiteness is obtained at the expense of the quality of 
the coffee, owing to leaving the parehnieut after it is washed m 
Ho wing water ftu* some days more. 

A (mrl:»ecue is a place used for dryiug the coffee, it is gt'nerally 
made of bricks and coveretl with cement. The [larchnient, spread out 
on this, is exposed to the sun, aud every few Jiours a eooly turns it 
itwr, so that the lower l»eans also get cxptmed ; tins is done simply l>y 
the eocdy walking through the ]>arr!imeut and stirring it up with his 
feet. It takes at least three days to dry |iarchment theroughly. 

To see if the |>archiiieijt is sufEcieTitly dry, take off the skin and 
lute on the bean, if the bean is stom- hard so that your teeth will not 
make any im|>rcs8ion, you may consider the parehment as aiifhciently 
drv to Ix' |>ecled. But before peeling it you again measure, and you 
will find that you have lost about 20% in measuiement, or» to make 
myself quite clear, 1(K) boxes wet parchment will measure when 
thoroughly dried only about 8t) boxes. On large estates, whei*e there 
is a lot of <H3ffee, drying or hot houses take the place of Ijurbecues. 

Needless to say, this is much easier and quicker than drying by 
exposure to the bud. There are, of coarse, several varieties of drying 
hcmses ; liut the simplest aud most conveuient one, to my mind, consists 
of a perforated iron platform on which the parchment is spread out to 
drv» wliilst hot air from a furnace underneatli is forced by a fan right 
through the parchment. This system dries the parchment in al>out 20 
hiuirs, it has tla* ad^antAge of making the }>lanter independent of 
weather, and it also makes the peeling so much easier afterwards. 

For jieeling. as well as for drying in a hot-air house, you re^juire 
94>me more effective power than manual labour. If you have built a 
good store you can for some time do with a Walkers' haod-ptdj^er ; 
but when it comes to pulping 200 1)0xe8 and more of clicrry a day, 
your coolies will not l>e alile to do it and you must have an engine. 
The store has been built for exteuaiou and for the erection of machinerv. 



If you Imvc* uo onpjiiie, you run Uuy a sniall luuid-pf <*ler (Siuntit's 
jittlent ' ujauuliittured \>y MesBiT*. Goni^ui and Co,. L^Ddnn, is ri'cug- 
uibttl tm liuving ^'ivt-n ^Toat Kati&faction) ; but a hand^peeler will never 
turn out the Kiiuie amount c»f work as one driven by machinery ; and 
it is much t<x» sloWt and I would not rerommend anybody to go in for 
it; I would sooner ship my parehment to London and have it peeled 
there^ The additional freight dws not amount to uiuch and you may 
depend upon getting your coffee curc*d iu London in a mt>Bt eonseien* 
tioUK and efficient way at a very araall and modei-ate charge per ewt, 

Some time ago I received a circular regarding the curing of ]>arch- 
ment iu London, and as it contains some valuable and useful 
infonuation^ I think I cannot do better than quot^ it in full: 

''Dear Sir, — Having been the tirwt to erect macliiuery for hu^«kiug 
eoffee in Loudon, and Wing frequently asked for a few particularH as 
Iu the Ireatnu-nt of the parcbment, we venture to submit the following 
remarkij to thoee of your friends wlio are interestixl in the question. 
At the outftet we wtmld nu^ntion, that the operation is chiefly applic- 
able lo coffee treat4.*d by what is tailed iu some countries the * West 
India pre[>aration * — le., to * washed* coffees^ which are known by 
the trade he^-e as 'coloury* As these descri|>t ions are most sought 
after by buyers, and command tar higher prices than the qualiti^'s 
kuown as * unwashed,* it is obvious that planters in their own inter* 
ests should endeavour to market their erojiK in the former condition* 
thr difference in i>rice iu a normal market being fully 20*. to 2btf. i^er 
cwt- in its favour, 

** To obtain the best results, it is necessary that each operation, com- 
mencing with the gathering uf crop, slujuld tie [►erformed with i^reat 
care and discrimination. Only cherries of uuifi>rm ripeness should be 
plucked, as othei'wine the pulping and most of the subsequent itpera- 
tions will be^ made difficult to jierforui, aud tbe cleaned coffee will lack 
tliat uniformity of appearance and colour which is so higlily printed 
by the buvers* 

"The cherry coffee should be passed through the puiper (the 
tuaebine for removing the i>ulp from the IxTries) as soon as possible 
lifter it 18 gathered, ami the pulp is more easily removed before it has 
had sufficient time to dry aud shrivel ; care must l>e taken to see that 
the cherry pulp is thorougldy peeled from the bt.-rries, and as several 
of the latter will esrajx* with the action of the pulpers sieves of a nizv 
which will allow only the free i>archuient i<jffee lo pass through must 
be used, so that the chcmes remaining in the sieves may l>e returned 
to the ]jul]»ing machine. After puljung, the |>archmeut coffee has to 
undergo a process of fermentation, luid i^obsequently of washing in 
suitable tanks, when the adhering saccharine matter is got rid of; 
during this hiUer operation it is oF great importance that the jwrch- 
ment should 1m^ constantly stirred iiboui, as by this means the light, 
black, and imperfect beans rise to the surface rrf the water, as well as 
sticks, leaves^ aud such like imjAiritieB, which should l>e akinimcd off and 
treat«xl sejmrately. At no sulvsequeut stage can this iini»ortant oliject 
be attained iu iiny thing like so cheap aud effective a mauuer. as the 

_!s,^ k^ 


inl'i rior Imnius ciin only 1k' after wards se|>arateil h\ band picking, a 
tiMliniiK tiiitl costlv o|M>riiti(>n. 

'■ Altrr wuHliin^'. the ])arclunent coffee lias to l)e tbon>ughJy dried, 
nil o|ii*ralit>ii iiM|iiiriii^ pcrhaiw more knowledj^e of the arti«*le than any 
nflirr. iis on till' w!iy it is earriiMl out dejrends toa very pivat extent 
Mil- Mul>:.iM|iu'nl iniirkt'( valiu' of tin* cmii. If not siiffieieutly dried, the 
I'lii rhiiiriit Imm'oiiu's ni(»rr or leHH uuisty in transit and theix>loiirdeterior- 
iiitii, til UN Nrrit»nsly iifTrctintr its sellin;^ value, and from the fact that 
Mil- Miili r lii\i'r of rofl'oi' in thi? l»a^s drifs on the voyage to a greater 

• «li III itiiiM iln' Imlk in tlie rentre, it is impossible for us when we dry 

I I I inn In loir liuskiug. to obtain an even result. In addition to this, 
lit'irlii mimI rliMtv^ biiv(> to be]Kiidon('xtm \V(>ight, which is an absolute 
|..i.- . w.' iiiii\ ninitjon that many ]>ari-ols we have received in a damp 
..(.lie liiivo IomI ovrr 'Jt» p«»r rt-nt. after drying, exclusive of the loss in 
uMfhl itiihnally ninsrd by the rcni«»val of the parchment. It will 
lliti.. Im- mnlriNionil. that it is im|M'rative the ])archn)ent bhould Ik* 
■ •i<>l'ril\ iIihmI. I'Nprrially as t'xtra < liar ires are incurivd for drying it 

III II I »ii I III' otjii-r hand, rare must br takrn not to overdry the coffee, 

, Mii'M^rir (111* lolonr will 1k» im|>iiired to some extent, which will 

II dm I ijif iiuulo-l value; it is therefore a p])a rent that the gi-eatest 

• .III iiiiij ivpn ii'nn' is ii' ,uircd to asrt'rtain when the j^archment 
1.1 III ii.ill\ pniiir «'onditi<»n. Aftrr drying, roffee intended for 
loi.l-iii^! HI liMinliiM Ikis only to lie shijiped without further loss of 

I Mil> 

'I Ik .iih.iiiliifM'M to br d<Tived by planters in fon^'arding their 

• .11' • 111 p.iMliiniitl ,ii-r several. The I'an-hnient covering acts as a 
.i<..i I'l'Jiiin.ii III Mil- iN'iiM. while in transit, from all the deleterious 

/•JliH ii< 1 .1 In II hull il I" iieri's.sarily subjected while in the close hold of 

!■ ..Jill 1.1 '.11 ijiiiiv, I'le . and iibov«.* all it jtreserves the colour. This is 

I i ,|.,.l.l. 1.111 ill ill'- ^M< iiti'Ht advantages of any, as the finer the colour 

III.' ' '.Iti i till lii^lii-r is the price ]'aid by buyers, and it has l)een 

.1. ...ImiJI. pmu.l lliiit rntlii* huske<l here fetches prices higher by 

,..t .l.jllni, .1 .1 iitHMlii'du«'i^''lit than the siime coffee when chined 

( , .| ri..nii I.. .iM iikiIiI.mI to market their crop probably 

. ...J .'I. 1. II 111 I iliiiii it lliey have to wait to husk it themselves. 

,. J n.) .. /ii; "I l.tli'Mii- is I'lb-i-trd in districts where it is scarco, 

, I . II.- •i<,|. 1.1 Ii iMiivy oiH*. at a time when it is extremely 

,,. J ,.n i...i.<l .l.'.iiM III- loiiii-nt rated on harvesting, and when 

,, .1 I .1. ii.' iif'ii I .li-i'lnl <-iiItivation of the plantation, thus 

,, . , ii , ■ • I J I'Mi'liii li'iM and at tlii! same time getting the 
, , ,. . I ii,' '.W" 'l'-M< .1'. iliijiply as il could lie effected on the 
, , / 1 ill.. ••. ji..ii liiiHi V and other incidental ex]>enses would 
J , . i .., .i..Ml..ii v.niild l.»' lorked Up is Set fnv ; further, the 

I , t I . .,1 'I'. Il .iH iivi»idfd, a very serious matter on estates, 

; . .!,.• .-..i.i pi< ■ I 111 ina'liiniTy has to be obiaineil some 

,j , ! i, Ifi T* jviii;;, as we di>, many thousand bags 

, , , . ji ■ ■ i. I. i.ii \\«' havr nerr.»<sarily obtained mnsider- 

1 J. ., .. .,. ii.i ii..iiiipn!;ili«»n. an<l are v^nal^led to work each 

\ ,,. n .... . I ■ I . .ill iilii:id to ni«et the ivijuirenicnis of the trade 
III dl »i ■ hlh .- ..' ...Jii.tini,., 


"Thf total «:o>t uf ri.'r«'ivin^ fnuii iiiij»'»rt >Iiiji. KiiplinL'. hiK-kinir. 
KJzin^, iiml iill ihv iisiuil iiptTutinii.? i> 2^. '"•■^ j-t •wt.. whi«li wi- 
lx»lievo isj at Wast usrhi'dji as it can In* I'lrfMvvir.l l.v j.l:i!itirs. if n«it 
choaptT. The cliar^v for drviiiu' i^ oxtra. aii«l tl-in-niN «iitir«*ly i»n tin* 
condition of the ]»ari."ol, Imt fnmi what w*- Irivi' ah*«'a«ly stat*'!. it i.s a 
charge whi«.-h. in th^ir nwu inten'>t>. plant i> >li"iill n-'Vi-r iii'ur h'-n-. 
Tht? loss in Wfi'jht fn»iii lni>kini:. \ari«- l;irL'''ly a««-iinlin'_r !•• th.- 
nature of tht.» i»an'hni»'nt. ami ranu'»'> t' alxiut l-'* pt-r «.iiit. uji t«». in 
a f»*w I'Xt.H'ptional <-as>.'s. almut 'I'l i^rr •■••nt. Th*- av»'i-a_r«' l'»» i-s fp-ni 
18 i>tfr wnt. to 20 jn-r cvnt.* Tin- wlii)li' i-t" th** vai'i*»u> «»[M'ratii)n> 
an* caiTie*! out in our l»«»n«l«'«l wari'lpms.s. lunltT tli»' innniMliati- 
MijuTvision of thi.* «)lH<vrs nf th*- Cr«>\vn. wliiih afYMpls an inipirtant 
^iiarant»x' to iin| t»rti/rs that th*- i-tt--: wml,'):! ;- r»-tnrn«-«l t«» thi-in : 
no customs fluty is (-liarLr*"*! l»y thf Cpiwn .lUtli'Tiij..^ ,,u th«- Im^k. 

"We haw •M-t-asirmally rt'ifivi-il |.ari»N m1" iMtii-.-. ihi»«l in tli.- 
chfrrrv, to husk, hut Wf rannot r».MMnnn«n'l this ini^h- of -lii|.nH-nt, 
though it is pos.-ihlc that in a f»*w iii«iivi-liial rii<t< ].Iantir> iiiiirht 
find it desirahlc to ad»i«t it. In thf lir>t phi' ♦•, it ;i.Ms un-luly ti» tlj*- 
cLari^ for fr«.'i>:ht, th»* «-olY.^. n»-vi'r turn- -mt ..f -^inli tin- «•..!. .nr a^ it 
docs if pn'pariHl »:» alr»'a«ly ♦Iftiiih-.l. ;,i!'l .-f « i.iir.-. ■ tl..- ].->> in w«i:^'ht 
after rt-nioval of tin- iherry and ] iir«hni»nt • 'Vi-rin- •> ni»i«li h»-avi.r : 

l»ehides, it is niurh ninr»' dit!i« nit to w.-ik iind i:< -.'itat-^ a rharu"- "f 

at Wast 'Stf. f**/. per <.'wt. The fiir«"_'oinir ri iirks .ipply >"!»ly t-» 
I'offi'O of tin* s|»eri»'s <»f Ar.thia. As r-.,':j'i> Lil»»n:in loiT*''-. w.- hav.- 
no Iiesi tat ion in advising: that un!«'s^ aI'«"'lMt.-l\ i«.iij]'ell«'«! >hipni«nt> 
should never he made in rln-rry. as this >p.ii.s. .vin nn«h r favour- 
ahle eircunistanrfs. is most ditliruh t-» w.Tk. 

•• Tluit the l.»usin».*ss has d«'Vrlop»*«l >ii lar_'«ly sinri- wi- i'uiMii]t'ni-<'>1 
oiH.'ration» in 1881, appears to ns conclu^iv.- that many 
are fully alive to thi* Iwut-tits to he dt-rivi-.l liy th»; adopt i-.n of t]ii> 
method for marketinir their <to[»s. and v.i- tli»r.-f<»ri* trust tli».-M- 
remarks may In? of special int»*r«'st to thoM- who ar*- at pris.'nt nnawan* 
of the facilities to he now ohfaine<l in I.'ii'Iitn. and who havi- not 
suitalde machin'Tv on tln-ir is.,ii"^ for i!«aninu' tli. ..•..!!•■.■ tli.-ms.lvi-^.— 
We are. et«-.. Major A: ri>.i.i), II«-d Li'»n aii-l Thn-.- Crants Wliarf, 
Upper Thames Stre.-l. London, E.C. Man-h. W.*'!.'' 

We pionet-r plant«T.s have uoi had thin^'^ made >o cusy fur us. w«! 
have had to ftnd out f«»r oursi'lvfs wlia: kind'-: ^^\^ machin»'ry, i-ulji'Ts 
and peelers irave the best n suits and wi- havi- liad to puy vrVv In-avily 
for i»ur exjierifUr*'. Tli*- y..un;r plant«T of T.i-lay has only to\fn to his 
ueij^hlxmr, str what kin*! «if stor»- h»' lia<. wliat kind of ..•'nLriui-, imlpi-r 
and ix'eler. I'levator. dryi-r, »*tr.. an*! tln-n h*- i-an iro hitijn- and order 
the same, witlioul riskinir niom-y itr tinir in ♦xpi'rinientin^ with some 
more or less useh*r>s and ex[Mnsi\v machin«i'v. 

But let me tak«- it for Lrrante-l tliit y -u huv.- yinu- >!or.' and 
marhinrry all ri.mj.'.ir and vmu arc r.a-ly :•» ]..-/.]. HMtli UfMn- 
and afti-r ]«■• lini; you w.iLdi th.* L.tY^.. . jiiwl y-.u will tind :hat in j.ei'l- 
intf you h.'Si' from :y.j t.. to p,.r i-ent. 'Ih-- | '■< I'-r is a marhiuf '\\hirh 
divides the hcan from thr liu>k and j^oli-hrs it until it lias lust tin* 

• Till- iM l< r* ■" Ja\:i i.-n.r. Li''ti.un' "il-i- li'-.i.- i«i j 't-i'.fi ali'-.jt :j."; i-. |i iii-r rvn\. 


thin silk skin which t;ovei*s tlie l»eati. The husk aud silk skm arc* 
l)lowTi out at ouf end of the jieoler, whilst the clean coffee falli* through 
below. To get a thoroughly g<i^>d and clean isample of c«:>ffee, the parch- 
ment hafi to pass through the |Heeler a* manv as four or five times. 
Messrs. Goiilou and Company, the manufactujvr^, themselveK told nie 
that the parchment should |3as8 only once* and that if the ]>eeler8 did 
not do the work satisfactorily in one o|»erdtion there was not sufficient 
pi-essure on the beans, and more dead weight should In? suspended on 
the lever of the peeler. But my own experience has shown me that 
this will wear out the peeler so much qui<'ker, and T would rather 
therefore let the parchment pass through the peeler several times with 
less dead weight and pressure on it. 

An elevator is simply a continuous chiuu carrying buckets which 
lift the coffee from lielow the peeler t4i the store above or into a sizer. 

The sizer is a cylinder with a lot of different sized holes, and as 
this cylinder revolves the coffee is drop[»ed in at one end and as it 
luisses through the cylinder the small berries drop through the small 
holes and the larger ones a little lower down through larger holei*. 
whilst the very large beans or pieces of wochI or stones will fall out at 
the other end of the cylinder. 

There now remain only the final picking and sorting. This ia done 
by hand, all black and broken beans are carefully picked out, and as 
soon its this has been done the coffee is packed in bags and shipped 
off to the nearest market, 

Sti far the planter has had charge of it and be has taken good care 
of it, the Imgs have l>een carefully t*overed up and every bit of dust 
has l>*.*eu l>ruslu'd off and the carts leave the estate with their precious 
load with the planter s blessing. How sick would the planter be if he 
could only see how his Imga an* treated the moment they have left his 
personal superrision : the cartuien throw them all in a heap at the 
station and every cooly walks over them with his dirty feet and leaves 
his mark ou them, on board ship they are thrxiwn down 20 to 30 feet 
into the hold, sometimes bursting, their contents scattering all over 
the ship, but tlie planter happily dot^s not know it. And so it is with 
us and all tliat eoucems us, we walk along in ignorant bliss imawarc 
of the dangers that await us or have alivady befallen us. and it is 
just as well that this be so, how would men otherwise cheerfully [>er- 
form their work and devote all their life, health and enentijy to a piir- 
fMiise if they knew all the time that it wks simply wasted and idly 
thrown away Y 

No, such are not the planter's thoughts when he has ship|>ed his 
crop ; he only feels that a great responsibility is takeu off his shoulders 
and whether the 6hi[) goes down or is burned, it does not cimeem 
hiin. his toffee is well insured, he need not trouble his mind alx>ut 
that, and he does not ; as far as he knows his ctiff<H* is safely on its 
way to the market, bound to fetch ** top '* prices and to make a 
name and a reputation for him and to lay tlie foundation for 
euomiou.^ future wealth. Let us hoj»e that he wtm't be too givsatly 

(Tq be ctmtiHHtii,) 

No. 6.— Vol. V.—^^rt NovtmUr, ISt^. 


Tiyr RS. and Miss Rodger rtfturn»?d fr»m IV-mk '^n T i"^U\ L-?. 
/Yi accompanied bv the Ketsidt-m. wL-.' haJ l-.r K iaia L Miijur 
y on the previous Friday. 

Thb Et. Hon. the Secretarv of Star- t-r tli*- C-I-'lI.- ha- • iiifirn-.-d 
the appointment of Mr. R. 6. Wats-^n a.- CLi«>f Ma^'i^trat*.-. .S*.'liiii;.";-r. 

Mr. J. S. H. French's leave Las l-r-ii vxt.-iil.-l f-r rhr-- rji'.i.'Ls 

from 11th December. Dr. Trav^rrs j-av** t.-liv fir a f-..r^xi.jLt's 

vacation in Perak: the snipe bird is th-.- t.h'i*-! aV.rixrXi'.'U. — 31 r. 
Stokoe left by last Tuesday's Sappho ••n r-Mit.- f-.r ELfcrUud *fU loii;r 

leave. Mr. Douglas Camjiljell exj-.-H- ^o I-av- in tL- • '.-jrvr nf !}i»: 

next ten days on shurt leav»- to Eur*.]*'. Mr aiil Mr-. ff:'/li*t 

hope to be leaving for Europ** at tb*- »iiA ••! tl,.- ni'/ijtij - M»->r-. 
Biley, Hargreaves and Co. and H^WiirTlj. Kr-kiu-. LiiJiit.«l. hitv.- 
secured the contract for the supjily ..f tl.. .d-t-jr-n 'work fnr tli»' 
wharves at Kuala Klaug; Mesi»ris. Ni':h<>]a> and Wal-h an* i^^ I'lijld 
the Kuala Lumpur resident-e for the Ke-^i'Kut-G«.-h*.'niI : tl,. A^*- ^1 
the building is high up on the bill ou the w...-t sil- of th»: lake.- 
The Hon. T. C. Bogaardt was in Kuala Lunj]'Ur durin;/ riiv *-ixr\y 

part of the week. Mr. John HaflFend».n, .Aireiit, British and Forriufn 

Bible Society, Singapore, is at pr».-s*;nt in KuaU Lnmyxr. - Mr. 
A. S. Bazendale, Supt., P. and T.. liu- \t»-rn a!.•^••h? froiii to-^n 
arranging for the transfer of the tele^Tapli lin«: ir*m\ th*- "Id I'ahau;: 
Track to the Pahang Trunk Koad. 

Mb. G. Cabpmael has secured the aj.j-iintnii.iiT r.f Cliji-f Arfristant, 
Gk>vemment Railway, Mouiljasa-U'^uda. ^n a .'•alarv «,f IT/'U a v<ar. 
He left England to take up the diiti»-.s of IjIs j.' on th*- :^/n»i nit. 
In a recent letter he writes of haviutr ni*'t many .Straits y't^\>\t' in 
London, notably Mr. and Mrs. EMen, Mrs. Maynard, Mrs. ifarj^r, 
Captain and Miss Creighton, Captain Isaaoks and MeK>ir^. Vanr-, 
Hanrott, Noel Trotter. W. Dunman and F. Fox. Mr. Carj;rna«l 
wishes to be remembered to his Kuala LunjiJiir fri«,ndft. Wi- an- 
unable to give him the information asked for retrardin^'' tJie S».-lan;ror 
Hunt Club. Is it still in existence r 

Ohe of the earliest contril>utious to the S*'lnnfjut Jonrtoif wa-* a valu- 
able and aymi>athetieully written pai^r on the '* JSukaib ol hfelanjror." 


hy the Eev. dias. Leteseier, m^. Later we published two excellent 
r roportfi on this siu^ular i>tM>j»le, by Messrtj, G. C. BeJlainy and J. A. G. 
!?iuupbel]* resf>eclively» both of whom coutributod short ruisibulaxies 
of the Sakaitt dialects spoken in the districts under their I'har^. 
JjdJitly, we have received a copy of Mr. Skeat's vocabulary of the BeBitd 
dialects of Sakai which has been presented by him to the B,A,S.,S-B,, 
and iippeiu-ed in the last numlx^r of that ScM^iety*s JouruaL The 
material for this vocabulary which has just seen the light was collected, 
we hear, more tJian two years ago» and rumour has it that Mr. Skeat 
now has a good deal more up hia slei^ve, which we trust he will 
find a means uf publishing at an early date. Hitherto a number of 
short vocabularies, hardly any of them extending to more (and many 
of them to less) than a hundred of the most common Sakai words, has 
formed the sum-total of our knowledge uf this obscui^ and obsolescent 
tongue. Mr. Skeaf s vocabulary marks a distinct advance, inasmudi 
as it is, we believe, the first to give words which are at all out of the 
usual run, and which have never been collected before. But the dia- 
lect now published is fast dying out. the Sakais themselves are 
liecoming year by year more hojielessly merged in the Malays (with tJbe 
exception of those who leave the country for the uninhabited regions 
uf the interior, neveT to return), and in a few years it will probably 
be impossible to collect Sakai dialects in any part of the State. Hence 
euch work of rescue as Mr, Skeat 's deserves every possible encourage- 
ment, and will, we trust, help in forming additional links in the chain 
of evidence which will sooner or later more clearly reconnect the broken 
tribes of our forests with that portion of the human family from which 
they sprang in ages long since forgotten. 

A co&RKspoKDEKT, " Sudah Eenyang/' sends us the following, with 
the remark that we " can work it up." We are quite in the dark, but 
some of our local readers may havi' morv light, and he able to work it 
lip for themselves : — " Early morning, scarce break of dl^y, host fyirn^ 
to Kuala Lumpur railway station ; three hours later* gatliering of 
gneats at the same plAxse ; aU away to '' just within a mile of ** ; rooeption 
hy host, not arrayed in garb of Old Oanl. worse luck, bttt iioiBtfflhiiig 
equally fetching ; procession to bungalow ; steogahs aikd doviiiiioes* 
imttatk»ks oC the great one ; dismay ! some of the guests not arriired ; 
search party; suecessl exhilaialilig joys of the broe^y troUy ; ble 
arrival of Tuan Jagft Woag, nmbumt in parts, but clad with dignitj 
and Ursula adonuneiits ; stengahs and dominoes ; tiffin ! indc^rnbahle 
and mcxhaitslihle ; curry 1 ! fart;4a8te ol what some may expect i 
speerbcs!?! wlubile; de|>aitiiii*, aks ! *' 


OuB planters, now^-days. du not hi tbo \a^ss frrnw iin«kT tlifir 
feet. Edinboro* £«tat^. Ko|Niiiir. is a ca.s** iu iM»iiit. It th.K-s wtA .stfiii 
kmgago since Mr. L. Duii^l btartrd tn f«*]]. y.-t iiiiw nifrt**- i^ spring- 
ing nj* over a larfsv^ dearini;. tho liunifaluw is huilt. aij<1 lias a1n.'a<Iy 
been the K-ene of more than «»nH «'f tlii».s»' hi*.s]>itaMf Lrathi«riui:s ft»r 
wliieh our planters are so jui$tly famous. 

The number of 'rikisbaj* in Kiiala Lnuipur is iiii rfu>inir so r:ii*i<11y 
(over 1.000 are licenifed). that thv n-u'iilati"*!! -if thf tratfi.- in th*- t».wu 
» becoming a matter of tK^niL' difficulty, th*- >titfT Injii.:. tlu* Chairman 
ptAnta out, totally inadc^^uate fi^r that ]lurlM•^«•. 

WiTHisr the last ftw nnjuths ^fUi*- ••u- tlii.ii-au'l ;i.r»- liiiv.- In.-n 
given out to Javanese htr i»lantiuir in ?h- KuaLi Lcinjiit .li^Tri- r. an-l 
Mr. W. Skeat. the A«:tinL' h/K. r».-*-:*niwru*U ih. .'.-.Ta!»li>hin.nt --i tw.i 
Javane&e penghulushiin- on thi* ••••a.-it l-rtw.^n M'»ril« aii'l S-i-anL'. 

Ai^THOUGH thv rainfall mI this «At.'!--r wa.- u-- -. h.^vy a* ..t 
the comspondiu; ui^nth la*t y.-ar. y.-* rfi- iiil •Ijirin,' tL- i-r.-.-ni 
month will bring ii|» th»* tiirur-.-* Z't th-— • f-.r 'l;-- :«•• iii«ihtli?; "t 
October and Xovemli»^r. I'sl^O. TL.- ..I'-wnulU ■.:' .Sin-li^ au'l M-.n-Liy 
last were very bii-Avy. but wm hav..- l«» *:aM*r: - t... hanil. S«»ni«- 
damage to cuttings on thr railway liu-- L.i- ;i- y •ai-.-l l».it^'ii^ 
inconvenient tu th^r tra*>-llinL' j'uM:;. -ir. i if ••.. niii- i..w • .a— I.r;* 
little harm will Ijt:*.'. Ka^. h»*>-v.i. l.i* » .iT- r- 1 \.r> -?.v.r. !v 
from fluods. and w»r h'.-ar a Ji-sitiiil tii:- .i I.!:..- l:.! .:..';:..-. i;:.-!. r 

It is notifil!:*! in la-t Fri«lii_\'- > *» 'r "# .• #;■:*''. ?;. • -; .. 
€rov«fmment •>£ Ma*lra* h^- ■■.«:.••; • -. j- .•;. -.1; ■: •;•.. 
ie«trivtion against a«'»nt-« -r r-r;.*. - r •...:._• :..!;,:-: .. 
coolie, other than inJrLr ar-i !„•::.. *.. :.. \.- . ■:..:_•• ;;. l'^..x:r 
labour in the Straits .> 

As Eiaminati'jn in MaLav tta- L-; • ;. M :. ]_._ •;... j;.-i. .• >;, 
Messrs. C. Srv^rm. M. H W;.;-:.--. ^:. : (.. \J «V:. .-..;:..i ; r- ..:.-. i 
themselves. The .r. :l. L^* :. - ■•- .. ;.r': .L-i \_-.. 
the 8lh proximo. 

The followiiw n .r:>: -* i- >■:.-:•: ;..'.:.„• •.. ..■ - y , .... 

'.vrdially invitfrl *.•.■ ',.r-s.r -.. 4:::—- * .• ^ .. ■• . ..-. .M:.;. . M.- 
J«»hn Bfaffrn^-n. - ;'r ;• - W..-- - L.r - •• •:'... •....:- 
Garien. Hi^ri St— -. K L . ..; .- .. h:..-. jTv. .V ... ► .- ;• 
^ p.m. -fhaq- Ai::— r-. :. :.-- 



The regular moutLly meeting of the Selangor Club Committee waA 
heldontbeUth iost, Mr. 0. E. R Smxderson (Chairman). Mr. A.H* 
Bligh {Secretar}')» Dr, Travers and Messrs. G. Cumuiing, L. Boagal 
and J. Kussell being i»resent. Mr, W. H. Keyt was elected a member 
of the Club. Subject to their acceptance, the following genilemen 
were apjiointed to the Stib-eopiinittees: Finance— VLcsmrs, W. L, 
Kamsaj, C. C. Trotter and W. E. Venning; Cr/rAre/— Messrs. A, H. 
Bagna], L. Dougal, C. G. Gla8stV»rd, A. B, Hublmek (Captain) and E, 
W* Neubronner and Captain H. L, Talbot ; Foothail — Messrs. A. B, 
Lake. F. H. Lott, E. J. Roe. W. D, Scott (Captain) and R. G. Watson ; 
Tf7/wi>— Messrd* E. W, Neubronner, B, E, Shaw and C. C. Trotter ; 
Bi7/iar^j»— Messrs, G. Ciimming, W, Niehulas and W. E. Venning; 
Reading Room — MesBrs. J. Brown, J. A, Chichester and St. L. ParBons ; 
Eniertmnmenl— The Re< F, W. Haines, Dr, Travei-s. Captain H. L. 
Talbot, Messrs. A. B. Hubback. St. L. Parsons, W. Teavle and H. O. 

Resolved that Mr. W. B. Scott l>e asked to nominate a Deputy 
Fo^jtball Captain t4> act during his absence from Kuala Lumpur, 
The two following rules have been drawn up bv the Football Sub- 
Committee :^ 

" L That in future there will be a game every Wednesday. No 
notice will be sent rouud unless there is no football or a special match* 

''2. That kick off will take place at 5.15 p.m. sharp. The team will 
l>e made up of any players present on the gruimd. Anyone coming 
late will not hare a preferential right to displace any player already 
on the field." 

At a Committee Meeting held on the 23rd inst., the following list 
of papers for the ensuing year was dc^.-ided on : — 

Illustrated London News 


Black and White 


tllustrated SiH>rting and Dramatic 



Ulosti^t^ Bita 


Ally Sloijer 

Stiorting Times 



Weldon's Ladv's Journal 


Times Weekly Edition 

Daily Telegraph 

Ceylon Observer 

Tit Bits 

Pall Mall Magazine 

Strand Magazine 

Haq>er*s Magazine 

English lUustrated MagHadae 

Et*?iew of Reviews 

Windsor Magazine 

It is proposed to hold a Smoking Concert at the Selangor Club on 
Fridav, the 4th **( December, and a Dauw ou Monday, the 28th. 

nrr sslaxgob jovrsal -.- 

A nariHO of the Selimgor Mn»e>uin Committ^ wa.« h-M •'»n rhr 
4th inftt., Mr. A. B. Vennim; (in the • hair>. Mr. L B T- n Don -p 
(Hon See.), and Mesffn. M. A. Hawe« and J. Ru«»=-!I U-:n^» rr^-^Lt. 
Mie Chairman laid before thv me*!ftin^ the ref^-rt ■>£ tL^ -lep ;:^r:- n 
which waited on the Besid«rnt-G»rn*rral with rv-iVrrnr- 1*< a m-r-r •** liv- 
able aite and building ; and it wad re».'iTr*I thiit ii Irttrr r* • G< v^mii>:i*. 
drafted bj the Chairman, should l^r laM ^•-f.Tw- •.!•:- C.n.:u;*v- a- i'- 
neit meeting. A h«artr vote of thanks «i.- ^ -.ri'-l Mr Wny. 
Stale Ckokgiat and Curator of the TktaV M'iv:m. f.>r :Lf ■-..l !.-•:■ a 
of minerala he had forwarded. E^ .1 rhr -L- Ciri:. r 1-- -i --iHi'.-h- 
ed to Singapore to supplement th^r O'lie-.ti- l f tish i- w •:. th-.- M: v-: :•:. 
The Committee acknowledt^ with thank- rr.- r-- rij- -i -Lv f-H •*- 
ing additions during the months -'f .S^j-vruU-r jn-l u •..•l*-r. Mr. 
Rodger, a specimen of Batak work : Mr. N>^n. a iIv-lj liz^rl: Mr. 
K V. Carer, a knssumba bird: Mr. L. D-'i^'aI. a iv.-* .a*; Mr. 
GHiewallah, a snake; Mr. Lake, tw... Maliv^m Trv-vl sza:!-: -':;•• 
Soperintendent, Weld's Hill Eixtatfr. a sLakv : Mr L Wr:iv lir : .'ir-, 
Perak), 19 specimens of minerals anJ f-'ir *}>:II-: Mr. E.J. K -. d 
fish; brought bv Collector*. :^ l»ipl:-. Thr— A.rV.^t. \iA ^ i-m-jn^. 
The number of risitors t*j the Muj^-'iiu 'l-inn.' .S-].t.-ru^--r l.-i'-** 

Pr-vivM-lv 1:;.4J7 

T.-cil . U.7:V. 

The number of visitors to the Mu v-*nn -luring * ,»*-r . . . -1: ^ <* 

Pr.:vi.",Jv . \\.7'.*:, 

Th« return football match F»-Twr-n th- G::l-*. Air}, r^j.t. Tii^.t 
and Wing Officers Adam and Graham. ^xA rl.- .>-l:in:/..r ^.'riV». -a^i^ 
pUjed on Wednesday the l*th inst. L:k»r tL • rir** ina'-h. v-Kj.-h 
ended in a draw, thi.s was a «|'irite«l c .iiT^-st. th-.- r-M'ii- U-iriL' fairly 
well matched; but the irame ended in favour -.f ^}i- CIuK T»-aTn Iv. :i 
to 0, the Club scorim;^ two other s^Mals whi«h -w.-p- .li-.;j.!l..T^.. 1 in f;iv..iir 
ol'* hands" just before the l-all i>asj!e«l thr.M:;h. In Th»* liitn-r '-i-'r 
the penalty kick was triven aifain^t the Gui'l--*. f<>r }iiin«ls in froiit .,f 
goal. Roe took the kii-k. but failed t.> -./^r-. .\«luiii *-asily HT'.f/pih'jr 
the ball. The second jroal 5^,-ore<l wa-s a fin- L^njr sh"T \,y li^,.. 
the left wing. The Guides had tw.-i or tiir*--? ^f'^-l •.•hun'-»-^, but th*- 
shootinff was wide in each instan<^»'. 

The match on the 2->th inst. was Urtwrv-n thv .>:laij.;or Club .iriil 
Bamasamy's team. The Club team w»:rr mu-rh h-ruvirr tLiin tli«-ir 
opponents, who, however, showed s-ime exi>-lltrnt play, tlie f'.'rvrapls 


eapeeiallj tiistin)^i*sluiigf themselvos l»v froqtient and clover pasBing ; 
1)Ut tlu*ir l)aok division was too weak for the Club f<>rwar<ls, who, when 
they got the \mXl, had it much their own way, and won hy i t^oals to 1, 
Mr. C. N. Mtixwell waw referee. 

A Committee MtH?1iug of the Tnrf Club was held at the Selangor 
Cluli ou Wednesday last. (*ajit, Talbot had been asked to til! Capt. 
Syers* seal during the latter*s absence from the Stat-e, and attended 
tht* me*»ting. It waa decided that the Hon. Secretary should writ€ 
to the Hon. Secretary of the Sungei Ujong Gymkhana Club offermg 
them eertuiu terms in the event of the two Clubs amalgamating for a 
meeting at Easter, The Committee elected nine new memljei-s to the 
Chil». The form ut the eertifieatea for the shares held by vanoua 
geutlemeu in the Club was much approved of and the Hon. Secretary 
YfOM iustructriHl to fill in the delails» nbt^tin the signatures of the 
Commit t**e t<j the scrip, uud fi>rwiird the certificates U* tlie holden*. 
Mr. Cu mining and Capt. Tallxit kindly undertook to draw up a draft 
programme, which will tie sulimitted to tl»e general meeting in duo 
courKe; the other |»ointfito beplacevl Ix-fore tlie next general meeting — 
which wdl \h} railed as Hmni iia a definite arrangement baa lH?en come 
to with Sungei Ujong— are the rules^ the a«?eounty and the election of 
the Committee. Considerable improvements are being carried out cm 
the Clul/s ground, near the Am pang Road» and arning<L!ment8 arc 
being made to more effectually lieal with the heavy traffic entering the 
ground on race and gymkhana days. 

The British North Borneo Herald haii the following comment on 
the draft " Pnuluee Protection Enactment/* *• We are evidently ' quite 
out of it* in the way of pi»mil legiglation for coolies. The Selangor 
Plauterft* AKKoeiation have drafted the folhnving provisions as to 
plantation thieves, which they wish to become law. Just fancy what 
would t»e said if the British North Borneo Company adopted theee 
as Territorial law! * Chartered Companies and their attendant 
brutalities ' would l*e the cry. Yet iu SelaJigor if a man be found in 
jiosseg^ion oi unrii>e fniit, brunch, i-oot or ateni of a coffee, cardamom 
or arei*a-nut trt^e (worth alK*ut ^\^y of a cent), he may l>e sentenced io 
three years' imprisonment or .Sl»OlK* tine; or for a second offence a 
tloggiug! Talk of th** Native Stnt«*H * htimaue* jimcrdnre after that. 
At home the ridj»rit w*ouId be lined Ss. ; iu this Territory $1 or a few 
days* iurprisonment at most. We are not of course blind to tJie 
nuisance of petty thefta on plantations. But bow anyl>ody can profit 
by taking the unrijie fruir of the roffet? t>r U^tel-nut, or the Imrk, root» 
or stem of the same, passes compr»jhension. To run such men in for 
mischief, as we do, is rw^snnable. But we musi r'»»nfi*K>< i*orsrlv*H more 
than astonished bv the Selangor Ordinance/' 


CHEOira Lee & Co'r. annual csish rltuniniv siilo. fur l'> tliys, 
commeneud on Thursday (\>.nit«frday), unJ tin* fMlltiwini; nMtiix* liai» 
been issued : — 

" Remarkably immense reductiim of yr'ux'S 1 1 1 

"Terms: Cash before delivery; and it is to U- iibs».-r\».*'l that tlu» 
"Acting Manager has been strictly instnirtiil n**X iind»'r all «ir;Liiy 
'* circumstances to oom|ily with intending l»iiy«Ts* rfi|u.-st t.i «l.'vi;it.- 
"from these terms." 

Minutes of a General Meeting of the StIiinL'"r Planti-rs' Assii.iii- 
tion, held at the Selan^:or Club, rm Satunliy, 21st Xov.^iiiImt, I'^'.'t;. 
at 10.30 a.m. 

Present: Messrs. E. V. Carey (Chairman). C. M.-ikl.-. Walk.r. 
lake, Dougal, Skinner (memliers of Cumin it tt-f) ; F. A. Ti»ynlf»-.-. J. \>. 
Tojnbee, Inniss, Xissen, Tiok Yrw, Hiitt»/nKiih, M. Ston«ir. H. 
Eindersley, D. Kinderslev, R. Muiklt*. C. Olassfnnl. Hi-ks. Munn», 
Bendle. Swan and Tom Gibs^m (Hon. S«-«-.; ; visitiir, V. A. Jnlins. 

1. Notice calling the moetiuj^ liavimr t»»-«-u takt-n as na*!. th.- 
minutes of last meeting were read and iMntirin«'<1. 

2. The following resolution, prujKfs^-d by Mr. Lak»* an<l siMon<l«<l 
by Mr. C. Meikle, was carried unanimously -viz., "That a <opy of 
Dr. Bott's analysis of the liottle of port wine punhas*.i] at a Chinese 
shop at the 8th mile on the Ulu Gonibak Koa«l. U.- su)niiilt«Ml t.i 
the Government, who Ix* askt*^! to tak** viironms aetinn in th»* 
matter as will put an effectual stop in St*lan;:<»r U* the imiM.rtation, 

local manufacture and sale of this injurious and p«»i.souo\is rnii* - 


3. Read letter from the Colonial S^-cntary in n-ply to tin- n«»n. 
Sec., S.P.A., re an "Onlinance for tht* Pri^ of Imlian luimi- 
gprants." Resolved that the Hon. Sec shouM, as siiLrt:»'st«Ml l.v tin* 
Colonial Secretar}'. apply to the Resident -Grm-ral for information as to 
whether fresh legislaticm on colonial lines is meditated for ♦•a«li itr all 
of the Confederated States. 

4. The Draft Federal PnHluee Prot.Mtion f:naotm«»ut. I81»7, was 
discussed and it was resolved that thi» foU«»win;r a<Mitions U' recom- 
mended to Government— viz., t!mt "plantation" .^hall inrlu«l.' in 
addition, pepper, nutmegs, nimie and rublM-r; 

Tliat " produce " shall also include '* sap ; " 

That in para. 4. the words "nutmeg tree" ami " saj) of tho 
rubber tree" Ixj added. 

5. The following resolution, j>ro]xi.sed by Mr. Carey and seconded 
by Mr. Walker, was carrif*<l unanimously— viz.. " That Governnumt 
be urged to throw open the Magistrates* Courts of the Federat«-d 



States to legal practiiioners of eta t tie and position » the large irestod 
interests of eapitiUists tle«>erviii^ in the opinion of this Assodatiou 
more adequate proteiliou than that afforded at present/' 

6. Reiid letter from Mr. Guun re closing market pri^.'es and it waa 
decidtxl thut all the phmting rapml>**r8 i>f the Association l3e invited to 
BUpport the jirojettt on the basis of a pro rata payment for eaeh estate, 
or group of eatat-es owned by the same proprietors. A anfficient nnm- 
ber of tlie memlters |>rpReiit having si^'uiiied their wish to join in the 
scheme, it wa^ ti4^ree<l that the offer of tlie Beeretary t>f the Singapore 
Eiehan^'e should be closed with. 

7. Mr. Dalrymple was electM a memlxT of the Association, 

8. The (iiiestiou of planters engaging each others* eoolies was 
brought up for discussion and resulted in a number of the members 
laying their views l>efore the meeting. By a large consensus of opinion, 
the practice of plant+^rs engaging coolies discharged from other estates 
without making full enquiry as to cause of discharge was strongly 
condemned, and more than one memtier gave most forcible expression 
to the opinion that every p08ail)le effort at firm cx^mbination should 
\je made by employers, who should endeavour in the general interest 
to support each other in every way, even at personal inconvenience to 
them.selvejs. A suggestion that an effort to procure a uniform rate of 
wages thro\ighout the State should l^e made, was si?veixdy dealt with 
and shown to be quit** impnictieal>le. 

The meeting terminated with a vote of thanks to the chair at 

The Selangor Estimat-es for 1897 give Revenue, $3,096,015; 
Exi>enditure, $3,870,012 (Ordiuary, S3,475,til2 ; Railway Extension. 
$3£»5,000). The balance sheet of esii mated revenue and expenditure 
for next year shows the following as the principal headings of 
revenue — Customs, ^1,749,720; Railway receipts. §780,000; Licenses. 
8563,720; Conservancy revenue, S204,270 ; Land revenue, ^118,780; 
Interest, S77,250; Stamps and Postage and Telegraph receipts, 
:S63,140; the chief items of expenditure occurring under Railway, 
$1,090,127; Rc»ada, Streets and Bridges, i?958,150; Works and Build- 
ings, $236,795 ; Consi^rvaucy, .^1 84, 700 ; Medical, $122,002 ; Police and 
Gnols, ^6<J,216; these sums do not include Establishments, which for 
the whole State amount to $560,360. Allowances [to Native Chiefs 
and Pensions amount to S92,642, and $254,500 is provided for Special 
Expenditure, of which $50,000 is for Exchange Compensation and 
520O,0O(i for Selangor*8 proportion of the Federal charges. The 
details of expenditure show the heading '* Forest Department/* with 
the single entry of Forest Inspector, $1,500, also that provision is 


tttfule for tin Asai&iant Chinese Secretary at ?1,8(KJ per aimuin, and 
tiMl the P. ttii<] T. Department will liave an Assistant Snj>erintendent 
instead of a Chi^f Inspe<'t<jr» vdao that the Troftaurer and Auditor will 
b&v>e the prefix of "State** and fhat the Residency Surgeon becomee 
Stjtte Surj<*H>n. The title of Captain-Superintendent of Police dis- 
a[ipi.'«r]9 from the Estimates and we have that of Deputy Commiasioner 
in its place. Under Miseellaneous Services, ^5,500 is provided for tlie 
iif»fe«?p f»f thi' Kimhi Lumpur Public Ganlens, i<5,ir>4for the Selangor 
Fire Brij^de. 32,000 for the Museum, and ;?3,500 for Forest Con- 
senrancj. Tliero are 79 items dowu under Works and Buildings, 
of which 15 are for Pidiee. 20 for Medicul. 3 for Prisons, tor Educa- 
tion, and 32 for '•General.'* For the conversion of the uld Govern- 
ment Of!i<x?8 intiO Barracks, ^,500 is provided, iind $15,(H}li for tlie 
conTeraion of the old Gaol int<i a Lunatic Asylum ; re votes are alHO 
down for the couversion of the Museum building into a Home for 
Women and Girls, and of the Post Office into a Musinim. Ft>r a cK>ek 
for the new Government Offiees $5,000 is put down. For Minor 
Works $19,750 is provided and for Current Repairs S24,500. Cinder 
Roads. Streets and Bridges 8l2,50t) 18 provided for the improvement 
of trace of existing main roads. ^2LiM)0 for the substitution of perma- 
nent for temporary bridg(>8 and cnl verts, and ^228.200 for upkeep of 
roai]4s. For the Pahan^^ Trunk Road $6iM>,000 {fourth vote) is set down. 
There is a revolt of $14,000 for the Khiu^r.Kajan^^ Road ; $15,000 for 
the formation of a road from Kuelmi to Suiigei Besi, and SI 5,000 for 
a road from Kuala Lumpur to lOtli mile Damausara Road, Under 
Conservancy, $30,000 is provided for the upkeep of Kuala Lumpur 
town streets and roads, iiMS.OOO for scaven^^ing the same distriet, 
$4,500 for upkeep of tht- refunt* destructor and .^5,000 for filling in 
swamps within the town. For retidning the foreshore of rivt^r ^25.000 
18 e»timatA-^d» and a first vote of :?13,000 provided; and out of an 
estimate of SSl8.0ilO for an iroo bridge at the 2iid mile Batu Road 
SI 0,000 is put down. For extension of mains and for pipes and 
fittings (tliis latter recoverablr ) for Waterworks, ^23,000 is ]>rnvided. 
The total expenditure on n^venue account for the Railway is 
estimated at $465,567r of which ^186,567 is for cstabUsluueuts and 
$279,000 for works; the totol expenditure on mpital iwcount 
is $229,560. making a total of .5095,127 for the o|>en line; the bital 
for extensions is §395,000 ; the grand total of estimated ex|>enditure 
for the State Railway l^eing 31.090,127, Among the jlemH of 
expenditure on capital account aro extension of Hailway Offices, 
$10,000; bridge and road. High Stn-t^t. Kuala Lumpur, I^U.OtK); 
carriage building works (revf>te) ^40,000; and additional rolling 
stock, $Ii:h>,000. The $395,000 for extenaiona is made up as follows ; - 



Kajang Extension, $70,000; Kuala Klang Extension, ?10,000; 
wharves at Euitla Klang, $300,000 • and Railway Surveys. $15,000, 

1896. 1897. " 

Estimated Revenue ... $3,767,666 $3,696,015 $ 71.651 decrease 
Expenditure 3.60^,776 3,870.612 260.836 increase 


THIS State bad a Hui7>hiB during 1B95 of over $720,0^)0, althaugh 
it had spent on public works over a million dollars, and over 
half a million doUarn on mil way works *liargeaV>k* to tiipitaJ 
account. This extnu>i'dinary rondition rif iinantial prosperity 
seems likely to eontinue* and >Si^lnngor is able, while pushing on her 
own public works, to lend money to Pahang for the eonstmetion of 
the main trunk road t^> Kuala Lipiw. 

Mr. Rodger, in his report, nirntioos a very creditable num1>er of 
large works that have been undertaken and brought near to eomjdetion. 
Kuala Lumpur Ifi now fully supplied with good water at a cost which 
has considerably [exceeded the original estimate. The Government 
offices now approehing completion are included in one T^ry handsome 
building, and the new gaol is a line structure, although so far it has 
not |>roved a sueceKsful one from the point of view of the prisimers* 
health. The State F«ietory is still in the experimental stage, but I am 
glad that the Resident is able to take a liojieful view of itis future* 
The Sanitary Boards liave done very usefid work. 

Railway management seems to be remarkably succeHsfuL I hoi>e 
by the end of next year that the building of an iron wharf, now \xnng 
proceeded with at the mouth of the Klang River, and already con- 
nect ed by milway with the present terminus of the line at the village 
of Klang, will give Selangor a dee|»*water port and harlK>ur accommo- 
dation whii*h will be availed of by ocean Hteaiucrs and other vessels of 
deep draught. The harbour is a jierfectly Hheltered inie. 

You will notice that the railways of the State earned a net profit 
of 11.06 ]>er cent,, ahnost the sauie as last year, but in 1895 the work* 
ing expenditxire was swelled by the reformation of the line where heawv 
landslips had occurred, a work which on any other railway with whidi 
I am acquainted would have been charged to capital account. In the 
Selangor Railway Department tlie wholesome system has been adopted 
of closing the capital account of each st^ction of the line as soon as it 
is opened for public traffic. If this princijib* were ado]>ted l)y all 
railways their ca|rital espemliture would not tell the disuuxl tal«^ that 
it 80 often does. Eight and a half miles nf the line in the direction 
of the Negri Sembilan frontier are open, and an equal mileage wiU 
probably be cc»mplct>ed by the end of the prei*ent year, when there will 
be eighty-four milet* of State railway in Selangc»r. The decision as to 
the adoption in future of a 60 -lb. instead i»f a 46-lb. rail is judicious, 
and we had exactly the same experieuce in Natal. 

The agricultural development of Selangur is proceeding apace. An 
unfortunate misunderstanding with a Ceylon plan t^n* has resultixl in 
bis thr<jwing up certain lots of coffee laud at Klang, wiiich he had 



piirehafteil at anction. and I believe this to liare been due to a regi^t* 
tal>le dflav in ext'ciitiDf,' a drainage mDa] wliiili had Ixy^b proniif^'d 
when the land wan sold. That, however, ha^ l>eoii set to right b l>y the 
offer on equitabh* terms of au equal areaelsewhere* and I JHi'lieve that, 
when the eanal has been completed, the rejix-ted land will t>e found to 
be quite as valuable at* was at first aupptinefl. 

The output of tin has increased bv 2,632 tons notwithstanding the 
low price realised for the ore. 

Crime appears to have increased in Selau*^^i>r daring the year under 
report, but the reorganisation of the p<4ice furce will probably effect 
a I'eform in this direeticm. 

The heiilth of the community has been al>nut normab if an epi- 
demic of eliolcra and one of lK?ri-l>eri which ix*eurrcd io the new gaol 
an? excepted. I h<»pe that the new Sanitarium we an* starting for l^eri- 
l>eri |>aticnts at Port Diekscm for t!ie States of Sehmgor and Negri 
Sembilan may prove a ttuecess in dealing with this ten'ibly prevalent 
disease. Raines, unfortunately, is still prevalent in the Peninsula, 
notwithstautEng the steps taken to exterminate vagrant liogs. I fear 
it will uever Ix* st^mijx^d out so long as the altorigjoal tritw^s living in 
the jungk^ are allowed to retain the lialf- starved curs wldch they use for 
hunting. The States and Colony together have jtresented !^-5tM) to the 
Pasteiu* iDstitute at Saigon uh a mark (d' gratitude for its useful ser- 
vices. I hojHi^ that CIV long a similar institute will Ik* established in 
one of the States. — Gnrprifdrjt f^tftr to Cnio/ttal Sf'frelanj rttt 

Animal Report for 1895, 



JN the foregoing chapters 1 have endeavoured to impart all I know 
alMiut *' Coffee Planting " from tlic moment the seed is sown 
until the ctiffee is ready for sale, and I might now uiakt* a bow 
and say : '* Ladies and Gentlemen, if 1 have sueeecdcil hi interest- 
ing you in a form of cultivation ujhvh whit-h the futiu'e of Malaya so 
gretitly de]>ends, I am amply repaid for the time and care I have 
devoted tv> thes4* notes,*' but 1 feel that they would not be complete 
without an estinuite. 

In planting, as in most things in life, the prosaic and practical 
cash question figun»8 largely, and people, hi>wever much they may be 
interested or auuiseil, naturally like to know ainmt the prospects of 
gain, or lose, by the venture, 

I would have preferred to aviad this subject. Estimates are the 
most unreliable thiugs io the vvnrld -one nuiu will spend a hundred 
dollars w lie re ani>ther wiudd ouly spr^ud thirty -five. One particular 
pi* re of good «oil well h)oke«l after will give yon a return of 10 to 12 
pikuls per acre, whilst another will ouly give you one or tw^o. And 
tlicu there comes the price: if T estimate s4<} a pikul when the price 
\h srtO in the market, by the time tlie coffee in in Ix'aring it will 
probably In* ilown to ??25, However, I will give, to the best of my 
aliility ami knowledge, a safe and fair average estimate ; — 



Sdimaie for np&ninQ and brinpng into bearing 100 aerm «/ Liherian 
Average expenditure WO per acre per jear, including everj thiof^ — 

buildinira, maohinery* euporvision, manure, quit- rent, etc. 
Crop one pikul per aore the 4th year of upeuing 


t Crop in pikul 
rTaJue of crop in :^ 
Surplus of — 
From the above 


Smd vmr. 

M and folln-vring yeara 

3rd xviit, 4tli ytMir, flth ymr,* fttb ycnp, 

mxm sfs.tioo * 

100 300 500 
... S4,000 S12,000 S20.000 

SB.OOO S8,00O «8,iX>i1 UX^OO 

... ... ... $4,000*12,000 

it will bf seen that I estimate a ca|>ital of ah^ut 
$30,000 to open an lietate of 100 aci*c*8 of Lil>eriau coffee and on getting 
alK)ut 40 to 50% per annum after five years on the invested capital 

It ifi not suffieient that a planter should himself be satisfitnl that 
he has spent his money in the most econoniieal way, he sh'^uld also 
be able to show by his b<x>k8 and accounts, at any moment, what 
he has spent and how^ ho has spent it ; and how mucli he has paid an 
acre for weedinjr or tVlling^. how nnii'h for picking' per box, what bis 
expenses were for curing a pikul, and «o on. Each planter keeps his 
books in his own particular style, but as a guidance to those, who 
have not yet adopted a fixed system of their own, I just mention the 
books generally used amongst planters, they are : 

1. Register of Coolies; 2. Chet-k Roll; 3. Distribution of Labour; 
4. Stock Book ; 5. Ca«h Book ; 6, Ledger ; 7. Mouthly Report B«x>k. 
Of each of these I will give a pro fortm* j>age. 

If all these books are projierly kept I think it will enable the 
planter to show^ pretty clearly how he stands and what is the financial 
position of his estate. The great secret of success, mercantile or other- 
wise, is always to know how you stand : if you can see your own jMsi- 
tiou clearly, you have wou half the battle. Book-keeping is of very 
great imj>ortanee: withruit it you would be working in \h^ dark, not 
Vnowiu^' whether you were working cheap or dear, and ycm might be 
hastening to ruin, while imagiuing yourself all the time as rich aa 

It is the old story again, a fool never knows that he is a fool, 
because the uioment he sees it he ceases to \h* one. That is so with 
book-keeping, too. You never see how^ fast you are going the wrong 
way until you keep books, but when you do keep them you can see 
clearly enough and you puU up sharp. 

Order, system, and a clear orgiinisation of your books and acxrounts 
are the indispensable foundation of every great enterprise, and I think I 
maj safely say that whatever little snccess I have scored in my life and 
whatever great calamities I have escaped, I owe it tij my system of 
keeping mv books and accounts in pro|>er order and always up to 
" ,te. 


Whether you plant coffee, t4>bacco, or anything else, tou will 
a«'i?er lie successful unless you know how to tre^t your coolies itnd 
how to get on with thein. It is just as essential for a young 
planter to know how to tnsit his cooli«*s as it is for him to knf>w 
how to treat his coffee trees* If the cuhivatit*n of Ihc coffee tree is 
ue'^loctpd we know very well what the coDse<juencc will W, hut if the 
fi \\ of your lahour force is neglect eil» your knowletlge antl 

< v^ ' of planting* l>e it ever so great, will nut save you frou» 

fiulure. TJiere are some planters who insist u[K>n what they consiiler 
their legal rights and drag the cooly into court and have hini locked 
up for every petty minor offence; others are too good and give in to 
lie coolies in every case whether reasonable or otherwise ; others say, 
P Bother the court, I am my own court of justice," and they hammer 
h&d thrash their ideas of civilisation and gotxl manners in and out of 
their coidies ; others despise stieh rude treatment, which they consider 
unworthy of a gentleman and a j>lauter, and luring their coolies to 
i-eason by tin in g them »^0 cent* here and a dollar there, and when 
the cooly receives liis pay at the end of the month — or, rather, what's 
left of it — *' that's where he feels it the most," as a popular song 

_ Some pUinters doctor their coolies themselves ; all who are sick 
have to fall in. those to the right get a doee of quinine and those to 
(he left a dose of castor oil. Others cure them with a rattan, and I 
have seen some most wonderful cures effected with this j>ateut medi- 
cine, people half dead and i»aralyaed turning summersaults which would 
have put the professioual acrol>atto shame. Then, again, I have seen 
eoolies who had scratched their little finger heing carefully bandaged 
atid nursed by the planter, fed on Liebig's extract of meat and 
port wine and carried about on a long chair. The propter treatment 
will probaldy lie between these extremes. It is very difficult to say 
always what a planter should do: the l*est pfau will \w. to give a few 
instances of my own experience witli tlie treatment of cotdies, 

I had contracted with Konie Malays to fell the jungle near souie 
coffee in liearing. Through their own carelessness and fault they 
managed t/> drop a big tree riglit uu the top of the coffee and smashed 
al]M3ut sixty fine trees covered with berry ; I cut them $5 for this, 
and the morning after they left the entate aljout another 200 trees all 
around the same spot wvn^ fouod cut down. I offered a rewai^d of 
SKR) to catch the men ; they were never caught ur seen again. I wisli 
now I had nut fined them ^5, although 1 am atiil of opinion that they 
fully de8er\'ed it. 

In another case a planter had been assaulted by his coolies. All his 
coolies were striking and refused to go to work, the ringleaders were 
arrested, tried and sentcnecd to 14 days' imprisonment. When they 
came out of gard they left the estate, the others all ** gave notice '* t.O0| 
and the planter lost them and had to get new men at great expense and 
jnconvenience. What do you think w^as the origin and cause of all 
the row^ and troiUde ? The planter wanted to show his eoolies how^ 
much at heart he Lad their comfort, how much he wanted to make 



tliem feel at liome. and he therefore raade a pretty flower ^r<ieii 
in front of the cooly line; but the coolies did not ajipreeiato his 
good intention tuiv more than they did the flower garden » over 
which they walked, it being the shortest cut to the nearest welh 
The planter grew wild at this, and gave orders that broken botUes 
should be strewn near and round about the p>ath they had made acrof^s 
the flower bed. One of the coolies in attempting to walk over it cut 
his foot, and wanted to stay at home on account of it ; but the planter 
insisted on his going out to work, which i"e8ultc*d in tlio cooly giving 
Bolice» the planter siud you need not wait till the end of 
the month, you can go at once and he turned him out ; then the uther 
c*oolies 8aid» ** If he goes we go, und at once Uhx'^ When the planter 
wanted to '* go *' for the most impertinent ones of the lot, the wholecrowd 
turned on him and gave him a good thrashing, with the result, vlh we 
have seen aViove, that the coolies w«'re locked up. Now I think this 
planter would have done much better and wiser by letting the coolies 
and tlieir Hower g;irden alone, although, lam sorry to S4iy, that jmrtieu- 
lar planter does not agree with me and is fully conviuced np to this 
]>resent day that he proved himself awfuUy smart and clever. 

The third and last case which I wish to relate here is of a planter 
who had a very good overseer, a man who understood hifi work 
thoroughly and, which is quite an exception, kept the coolies under liis 
thumb ; ht* was really " bossing the nh^jw/' and the jdanter had not to 
trouble himself about anything. But one fine Jay the coolies com- 
jdained that this overseer was cheating and ill-treating them and they 
thcjefore came to the planter for protection and justice ; they looked 
up to him. as their master, to deal honestly with them and between 
them and their overseer. Ho hiul now to choose l>etwfeu them and the 
overseer: if he remained they, the coolies, would all go. What was 
he to do ? The overseer was a good man and he did not wish to lose 
him ; but the coolies would not listen to reason ; if the overseer didn't 
go they would, every man Jack of them, and quickly, too. He would 
not give in» he kept the overseer and lost his coolies* Of course he 
had the protection of the law and the coolies were punished ; but he 
lost them, all the same* 

*'Well/' said the |>lanter to me, ^\vou disap|n*ove, although in 
my own mind I have no di»uljt tluit I did rpiitc ngbt. I would never 
have been master agam on my own estate, if I had given iu. Of course 
it is very easy to criticise and to tind fault with anything other |w;ople 
may dy ; but tell me» if you ai*e so clever, what would you have done 
in my case ? " 

**H'm/* I said, *' I really don't know what I would have done in 
your caae; but I don't mind telling you what I think you should have 
done. When you saw that the coolies were determined to go, you 
should have dismissed the overseer.** 

*" What ? Dismissed a man who had l>een working honestly in my 
interests and to mv entii-e satisfaction simply because the coolies wanted 

" Yea* you should have dismissed him ; but you should have told 
him 4uietly lo get other coolies, and as soon as he had obtained them 



Jon sliouM have said that, aft4?r careful reconsideration of the case, 
▼oil did not think it fair to let the overseer ^o and you had therefore 
called him back, and whi*ever did not like it, nii>;ht leave. I don't 
think anyone would have gone then. Or, if you really ctmld do 
without them, you should have told them, after you had the new 
coolies, that you liad decided in favour of the overseer and that there- 
fort* vou did not require their services any longer. They probably 
vroul^ have told you then that they wished to stay, or they mi^ht have 
accused you of mean and false play in not informing theui of this at 
the time, when they complained aud when they could have oVjtained 
another billet, aud that it was very hard on them to be turned out at a 
moment^s notice with no other place to ^^o to. Then you t-ould have 
retorted : * Yes. 1 quite u^ree with you, it in very mean; but that *s just 
what I want it to be. Had 1 told you of my iotention at the time when 
vim put the knife to my throat, you would all have gone and left me 
in a fearful fix. Did you think I was such an ass ? You were the 
sctmndrels who gave me the moment's notice, and you left no other 
choice f)j>en to me than either to let my plantation go to the dogw or 
apparently to give in to you, I chose the latter. Now we are quits; 
cle^r out, and let this be a lesson to you for the future.' '* 

And the moral of all these little stories ? Learn how to treat your 
coolies, be fair to them and reasonable, hut don't interfere with them 
more than is absolutely ncicnsary. 

It is alijo your duty to see that the irien get proper medical treat- 
ment when they are sick and for that reastm thei*e snoukl be a dispen- 
sary on every estate, aud every pkinter should have Bome knowledge 
ni how to render tirst help and assistance in case of accidents ; but, on 
the other hand, if the cooly is not sick and simply does not feel 
inclined to work, dou*t force him, he loses his day's i>ay and his 
Sunday and you should \)e satisfied with this, and you may be sure he 
will not keep it up very long if you don't object. 

Never by any means attempt to administer medicine to a native if 
he objects to it. If you try to relieve a man suffering from fever by 
giving him scjme quinine, and he objects to it and wishes to be treated 
by his own peo|>!e, you may be quite sure, if he dies, they will put it 
down to your medicine and to your treatment, and if he recovers he 
will be fuUy convinced that he would have Iwxn on his legs long 
before, had it not hei-n for your interfereaee and beastly drugs. 

Try and keep neutral in all rowB and disputes : with a little tact 
and diplomacy you will easily be able to bunjour both i^arties ; thus, 
in the first instance, never deal direct with your coolies, but always 
through their overseers, except when they wish to put a complaint 
before you. In that case, however niueh you may l>e convinced of 
their being entirely in the wrong and telling you a lot of lies, don't 
send them away, don't aliuse them, but carefully and patiently listen 
to them and promise them to enquire into the matter and to see 
that they get justice ; follow Goveroment's example about the Straits 
Military Contrihution, say that the case is having your most serious 
consideration and ]>ut them off until they get sick and tired of it. 
Follow the wise exaujide of a well-known Governor, who once received 



a deputation of |4aiit€r8, wlio laid tlieir gnevauct^B before hitu ; he] 
listened to tboin pat ioutlv. he syni[>athised with them, he eren quite 1 
agreed with them that thej had a p^rievance, but what could he do ? J 
He was not the Governor of their State ; and theu there was tbn 
Secretary of Btate, who would not sanction any audi proposals ae the 
planters wanted to have introduced, even if he, the Governor, would 
submit them ; and then be really eould only advise H,H. their Sultan 
and their Eesident. That's the way to do it, never refuse and never. 
commit yourself in any way — that's wisdom and policy. 

Don't forget that we planters are not here to give Solomon's I 
judgment and to dispense the wisdom of a Haroun Al Baehid ; our ) 
object is to plant coffee and to make it pay, and to avoid any dispntea 
with eooLies as well as everyljody else, as far as in our power to 
prevent it. If the people have a serious case let them fight it out i 
between themselves, or let them take it before a magistrate, who is ' 
paid for it, and trained to listen to endless lies and stupifj^ing 
nonsense, and probably enjoys it ■ but especially never interfere 
l)etween husband and wife, even if he gives her a good thrashing; let 
him, she likes it ; if you intert'ei-e, she will take her husband's part 
and both will go for you* 

If you are in a rage al>out a cooly or a kangany, don't dismiss the 
man in a hurry ; always remember that nothing is easier than to turn 
a good man out on the spur of the moment, but it is very difficult to 
get other and better men to fill their places. Be careful, therefore, 
think twice over it, and then sleep on it for a few nights, before you ^ 
finally decide to dismiss a man. 

No more honourable testimonials can he given to the planter than 
the planter can give himself l>y l>eiQg aide to j>oiut to coolies and 
aervantis of his who have been with him for many years ; this shows 
at once that the planter is a reasonable and good master and from 
that it may l:>e judged that he is also a gocKi and careful planter. 

Dou't always insist on your rights. If a cooly wants to go and you 
can spare him, let him go and don't throw any obstacles in his wav ; 
that's narrow-minded. Give liim every assistance and help, even let 
him go without long notice, if you see that he is really bent on going. 
And if he wishes to come back, don't refuse him, because he had left 
you before : he has since been with other masters and he comes back 
to you because he has found out the difference, -and it is no use cutting 
off your nose to spite your face. That man will be a better cooly to 
you than he ever was before — until he again wants a change. The 
easier you make it for your coolies to leave your service, the easier it 
will be for you to get others A quiet digniiied manner will always 
impress an Asiatic, and the less excited you are the easier you will l>e 
able to settle their disputes and troubles, You may l»e able to knock 
a man down, that is only a question of animal strength ; but you will 
never be able to make the men look up to you with i^esj^ect lx^caut»G 
you happen to be so much stronger ; they may fear you and hate you, 
but that is all A sensible man and a good planter guides bis coolies 
with his brains and not with his fists. 

(To hv CiftUinued.i 


ffo* 7.— Vol. Y.—ll(k Becemher, 1896. 


Tl if RS. AND MISS RODGER left on u vihit to friD-.ipore early 

/ V-L ^^ ^^^ week.- — -Mra. Sjers han rofuraed to Kuala Luiiiitur, 

/ When ia Captain Syers comincr kick? Surely Perak van 

spaix' him to us for Chnstmas. Mr. E, C* Trotter. Assistant Treu- 

tiiuvr, British North Boraeo Govenimeiit» is on a visit to hie brother 
in Kiiiila Lumimr.^— Mr. D. G. CainplK-ll ^^oes on throe months' leave 

on I4th instant. Three new Cadetfl (Messrs. Pountney^ Adon and 

Tliom«on) arrived froni England hist Sunday. The first ig, we hear, 
a football player, the latter will be attached tu Klao^^ and Kuaht 

Langat District Offices, respectively* Mr, F. Bellield, Assistaut 

Magistrate, Kuala L^iuipur, has l>een apijointed to aet as Cullei-tor 

of Land Revenue and Reijistrar of Titles, Mr. C N. Maxwell, 

will act wa, District Officer, TJlu Selangor, during the absence of Mr. 

D. G. Canipl»elh Mr. C. W. MaudHley, a District Engineer for 

the P.W.D., arrived in the State on the 28th ultimo.- — -The Pifmmj 
Gazette says that when Mr. Berrington goes on leave there is a 
prosixjct of Mr, R. G. Watson leaving Selangor to act as St*nior 

Magistrate. Perak. Mr. L> C. Jackson, Judicial Commissioner, 

F.M.S., has been niaile a Qui^-n's Ctninsel. We hear that it ia likely 

that Mr. W. D. Scott will again api>ear on the Kuala Lurajnir l>ench 
as Assistant Magistrate, dinging Mr. Belfiehrts stay at the Ltind 

Office. Mr. T. H, Kershaw, Legal Adviser, F.M.S.i left here fi*r 

Pemk on the Ist inst.^ The Captain China (Towkay Yap Kwaii 

Seng) left last w^eek, accompanied by his Serretnry. Mr. W, Hap 
Lang, on a visit to Perak. Mr. F. E, Maynard, whose health of 
lat-e has not been of the l>est, has taken a trifj to Hongkong and 

Shanghai.^ Mr. A. C. Harper will he away from Selangor for a 

month or more, during liis absence Mr. Rob^on will sign per pro,- 

Mrs. Steve Harper is expected back in Kuala Lumpur early next 
week. — Mr. Ketschker, who owing to bad health had t^j gi^ to Europe 
alx^nt the middle of the year, is expected back on Saturday. We are 
glad to hear that he is completely reatured to health. 

Foe some years past Mr. A, S. Baxendale, Superintendent, P. and 
T., has at diiferent intervals made efforts to form a Telephone 
Exchange, but from one t;aus€ or another the idea baa never been 
carried ont. Tu 1897, however, we are likely to see its fufilment, the 
indent for the material to be used in its construction having already 
gone home. 



Thk holidavB at Chnstmaa will l>e Thursday » Fridaj andSatuixky, 
24ih. 25th and 26th Dewmber; Friday, the Ist Jauuiiry, New Tear'* 
Day, will aku be a public holiday. 

Ibipobterd must note that with the beginning of the year, it will 
be nec«'H«iry when fumi^hiDg dechtfution« tu the Kegiitrar of Imports 
and ExjK^rtM to state the country from which the goods have been 

uri gi iial ly a h i] i i>ed . 

Mebbeb. Lok Yew. Gumming and Co. haye applied for the privilege 
uf Diimn^ Bukit 8iiitol« on the Butu Road, at pi'osent used a^ a quarry 
by the Sanitary Board » and the firm undertakes, if the j)er«ii88jou ib 
granted, to «ui>[tlv the Btntrd with the ruad metal turned out at $2 fier 
cube. The Board ib of opinion that the arrangement would be to ita 

A LOCAL Chinese photographer will be employed to lake the sets 
of views n^quired by Mr. Preeee in Luimection with the preparation of 
the «fheun? for lighting the town uf Kuala Lumpur by electricily. 
Apropos of [iholograpliy, we understood that Messn*. Lambert and Co.. 
of Singapore, were to have started a branch eBtablishment in Kuala 
Lumpur befoiv the end of the year, 

The Selangor Fire Brigade will have a Church Parade on Sunday, 
the 20th inst., members to fall-in at Head-quarters at 5,30 p.m», sharp. 
The Annual Cln^iatmaB Dinner of the Brigade will probably be held on 
Wednesday, the 23rd inst, 

St. Andrew's Day was not publicly observed in Kuala Lumpur 
this year, but we heai* that the ball at Penang on that occasion was a 
great suceess, and that the Resident- General was present. 

In a recent ij^sue of the Pinang Gazette there is a short article in 
which it is stated that Mr. Leonard Wray. the father of the Stat-e 
Oeologi«t, Perak, and who ia now hving in Taiping, was the first to 
introduce the cultivation of Liberian ajftee in the Malay Peninsula. 

The Sjiuitary Board Irns I'esolved to make a 6-ft. gravel pathway 
iicross the Parade Ground from the centre of the porch of the new 
OovernmEnt Offices over to the Chd>. 

Me. J. M. Lyon, of Singftpore, has taken a coffee pulper — simibr 
to the one which wius recently tried at the Selangor Estate, Kuala 
Tiumpur — to Buitenzorg, whicli he Lutends to enter in an open com» 
l>elitiou for a prixe of (>,000 guilders. 



"Ci»ctTi.Ait TO Pi*Aj»TER8. — With reference* to a circular lett<»r seut 
to jrou by tbt? Acting ludian Immigratiou Agents 8*8,. on 8th November, 
1887* I have now the hommr to inform you that para, (h) of the 
circular U now to be considen?d cancel l*:^!, tln^ Govern uieut of Madius 
hariDg conjfonted to the removal of sdl restrict ionB on rec-niitinj^ cuoliea 
in Indiii not on an indentured lii*t, and on whom no commis^jion U to 
be paid. — A. M- Skikner, Reekhtnt CottnciUor.** 

Mr. J. H. M. Robson, who on the departure of Mr. El)deu on U»npf 
leave wa* apfKtinted to act as Collector of Lau^l Rtn^juue aud R*'jj^i.s* 
tmrof Titles, has resij^ned tlje public service, with I lie object of editing; 
and mauAgiog a daily newspaper in Kiiahi Lumpur, and has opened 
an offioe for that purfKise in Market Street. Mr. Hobson entered the 
service at the end of NovemU^r^ 1H89. as a clerk and draftsman in the 
Railway^ but by his energy and ability soon worked up to the front 
rank of (acting) oflicials in the Selangor service, and in Septi-mlxT^ 1893, 
was gazetted vj-officio a Magistrate of the Ist Class; as acting Distritt 
Officer, Klaug. in the f< blowing April ; and m June of t!ie present year 
his in ti unite knciwledge witli the land work of the State at once pointed 
him out as the most fitting ofticial to earry on the intricate aud 
difficult work of the Land and Kcgi stmt ion of Titles Offices during 
Mr. El>den's absence on leave, where^ during fhe sliori time that he 
wan in charge, he did excellent work. In taking to juurnalism Mr. 
Robson is following the bent of an inclination of which he has aheady 
given fiome evidence, notably in the series of papers he has atdifFerunt 
timeii 'written for the Free Press and in the many articles he has 
contributed to the Selangor Journal. To make bis dtbtU as tlie 
Editor of a daily is only another instHUce of the many he has given of 
his pluck and go-ahead style; but, with all the pluck in tlie world, to 
make the venture a success it is necessary that he should receive that 
wide and generous support which we sincerely trust will be accorded 
liim, not only by those in Selangor who are personally acquainted 
with him, but by all in the other States and in the Colony wbo like 
to encourage every sign of improvement and advancement. The 
following is the text of a circular issued l>y Mr. liobson : — 

*' The Malay Mail, a morning uewsi>aper, to be j^iublished daily in 
Kuala Lumpur, commencing from 14tb December, 1896. For some 
time past the continually increasing size of the English-speaking 
community in the Fedei-ated Malay States, and the more important 
degree of relationship that these States now liear to each otlier and to 
tlie Colony, have appeared to many to warrant the publication of a 
newspaper in the moat central town of the Confedemti^m. The daily 
j»ai»era of the Colony have devoted considerable space in the |tdst to 



the discusaiou of KaHve States affairs, but more oftou from a Calonial 
than from a locul standpoint. T!ie internal affairs of the FediTated 
Malay States have now beoome of sufficieut iiii|H^rtance and inter«?6t U^ 
justify a more adequate i*e|>resenttition of their particular interests. 
There wero. however^ practical difficulties in the way of carrying out 
BUch an undertaking ; but these diftitidtics have at length been sur- 
mounted, and the Mal^y Mail ie being started. The chief features uf 
the Malatj MaU will be: — Tclegnims ; loaders on curreut local topics; 
local news from the Malay States and neighbouring countries ; and 
interesting reading matter. The policy of the Malay MaU wtII lye to 
interest its readers, vfhilst the planting, mining, and more important 
commercial undertakings of the community and the welfare of the 
natives of the country will always receive such advocacy as they may 
need in its colymus. In making this announcement, I beg to usk for 
your goodwill and support, both in the shape of literary contributions 
and general information as to jmsHing events. Many incidents hapjien 
in the remoter parts of the Federated States, incidents in themselves 
worth recording, but of which, for lack of a chronicler^ nothing is ever 
heard. 1 trust that, with the help of friendly subscribers and special 
correspondents, the Malaij Mail may be the means of diffusing a wider 
knowledge of what is happening throughout the length and breadth of 
Federated Malaya/' 

The subscription ^ payable in advance, will be— one year, $27 ; four 
monthB, $9] one month, 82,2 S; single copy, 15 cents. At these prices, 
the daily issue will be delivered, post free, anywhere in the Postal 
Union. Within a one-mile radius of the Kuala Lumpur Post Office, 
the daily issue will be delivered, free, on jmyment of a monthly sub- 
scription of Z2 only. 

*' Altkeations and improvements " are in hand at the Selangor 
Club, and the appearance and quietude of the boi- are up«et, much to 
the disgust of many of the meml>er8. These are but mioor and 
temijurary disiiooi forts, inseparable from " business carried on as 
usual,*' and will soon pass away. The bar*room, which has hitherto 
Ijoen unbeaiubly hot soon after the lamps arc lighted, will be greatly 
improved by the raising of the ceiling and the additional ventilation, 
while the alterations to the dressing room wiU give an air of privacy 
to that place which it has hitherto lacked. The widening of the 
verandah has not yet been put in hand. 

The Smoking Concert at the Selangor Club on Friday, the ith 
instant, was not a great success, owing chietly to the small number of 
iiieml>er*> who thought it worth wliile to \mt in an appearance. 



Apparently it was the wron^' night in tin* week for a smoker, Frida.y 
being awkward tor our Planter fneiida aud ont-statiun members, 
scarcely any of whom were present, A good proftrainme of aonji^B, etc., 
wa« ^iven, however » the genial 4'hairniaa, Mr, R, G, Waiaoa Keeping 
the bail rolling when oucc a start had Ix^n made — which, indeed* was 
not until close upon 10 o'clock, Mr. Alexander again did all the 
accompaniments bebides dojinng a song ; Mr. Gumming gave two 
selections of favourite airs with variations on the mandoline ; and the 
following also contributed to the evening's entertainment: Messrs. 
Adam, Bajceodale, Bourne, Bligh, Brown, Gmy, Norman, Spooner, 
Tearle and Watson and Capt, Talbot. 

It is rumoured that the Selangor Amateurs have at last awoke — 
or, we ought perhaps to say, been roused — to a eens<? of their duty to 
the public, and before long we are to see once more that dramatic 
talent which has l)een »o busily engaged for the last four years in 
hiding its light under a bushel. We are not in a position to give the 
name of the piece for the simple reason that it has not j^t been 
christened, but we are at liberty to state that the play is a local 
adaptation — by one of our latest and most popular '* acquisitions/* 
whose absence from her shores a sister State now mourns 1 — of a 
burlesque opera familiar to the days of our childhood; and that it 
w i U l>e p rod u ced under ve ry ca pable d i re c t io n < The pri n c i pal ch amc ters , 
five in number, will include twa of our leading lady singers, and the 
chorus, wheu seen, will be acknowledged to lie a thing of joy and 
beauty. It has been decided to give three performances in order to 
cover the initial outlay, whicli will be very heavy, owing to the 
necessity of prt>viding new scenery aud staging. The Selangor Club 
will be the venue, and the approximate date 6th January, 

"The Selangor Planters* Association baa unanimously resolve<l 
that qualified lawyers should he freely admitted into the Courts of 
Federated Malaya. The Oovernment there tread warily and fence in 
the admission of lawyers with imtating restrictions. The phinters 
chafe at delay aud desire the Government to move quicker. They 
take the very reaaouable ground that the large amount of capital now 
simk in the Malay States calls for t!ic throwing open of the Magis- 
trates' Courts there also to legal |iractitioners ot status an<l jH^sition. 
Capitalists have acquired in the States vested rights m extensive and 
important, that the assistance of lawyers to maintain them is more 
urgent tlian ever. The planters put their case forciV>ly by intimating 
that capitalists do not enjoy in tlio Malay States the adequate | protec- 
tion they are entitled to. Such an authoritative expression of oiunion 
Ol^rries weight, and capitalists will anxiously await the decision of the 


Governnient on the reanlution tlius passed. Now that coffee rulti- 
Tatiim IB ertendiDpr in the States, any rclurtanc^ on the part of investors 
to emljark nionej in planting enterprise will prove calamitous to the 
puhlic. The roliietanoo ran best Im? removed in the direction indicated 
by the Plautera' Association. They have ftbown the way and the 
Government would consalt the public weal by foUowing their lead.** — 
StraiU Times. 

The Prize Dietriliution at the Victoria Imtitution will take place 
on Tue sd ay , 2 2 n d i ii s tan t , at 4.45 p . m . M rs . Rod j^^er has . we understand. 
kindly consented t o present the | irizes. Thi.^ examj nations for the Treacher 
Schokrship and the Resident's Medal are now !»eing held by Mr, H. C. 
Ridges, The returns of the school for tlie year ending in November 
show an iucr<ia8<? of 66 boys, as compuj-cd with the returns for the year 
1895, with an increase of 64 in tlie average daily attendance. The 
present nnmber of boys on the Register is over 260, and these are 
accommodated in school rooms designed to hold al>out 150 ; the 
Truatees are now contemplating a large addition to the buildings which 
is evidently muidi need<Hl, Mr, Justiii- Jackson, Q.C., and Mr, J, H. M. 
Robson have lately l)een apiK»intcd members of the Board of 

The Free Pres9, more than one^, has given its opinion tliat Selangor 
languishes for want of '*boM advertisement/* and that hotels and 
public places in lM>th the southern and northern Settlements should be 
supplied with framed and glazed pictorial repi^sentationsof our town ♦ 
gardens, mines, idautations and hill bungalows, together with as 
much printed information al»uut the State as space would [vemiit. 
Without in any way allowing thai Selangor is languishing, or that there 
is the least " possible, probalile shadow^ of doubt *' tliat the Journal doth 
give the liost advertisement, we may admit that the idea is a good one. 
We are told, however, that all things come to those who wait, and 
this of course applies tu States an well us to individuals; and here 
we have Mr. Wellesley Parker eoming along to do the very thing 
which, it has l)een said, the Oovernmeut should have done long ago. 
This is an instance of the wisdom of waiting: for at no expense to the 
Government the jdace will be pictorially advertised, and what is more 
it will be in colours; had the Government taken the work in band, 
the chances are that it would have l>een merely in bhick and white. 
Our new daily, the Malay Mall, will be the medium through w^hich we 
shall receive this addition to the world of art. and those who wish to 
secure extra copies for sending home to their frieudB had l)etter ** order 
early through their book-sellers/* Mr. Wellesley Parker, who is about 
to also " illustrate ** Singapore, Penaug, and possibly Pcrak, hails, we 



lielierc^ from Austmlixi, whirli qtiito ilispoees of tlit* iiloa thai the only 
benefits we n*ceive from thiit part of tbo world are ^riffiiia and 8ur- 
vevors. It has l:H?en i^roposed that thi^ cJock space in the towor of the 
D«rfr Goveranient Offices shall, until the dock arrives, U? utilised fur 
abowin^, as tranapareneies, the various views, with a limit*»d umnlier 
of advertisements. __^„^ 

Thjs Annual Report of the Selangor Rifle Association, printed l>elow, 
and signed hj Dr. Travers oo behalf of the Committee, has been issued 
to the members, and shows a very satisfai'torv state of things; — 

•* Gentlemen,— Your Committee beg to lay l>efore you the following 
Re|>ort and Statement of Accounts of tlie Association for the season of 

"It will be seen that the Association in finaneiallj in a satisfactory 
position, the balance of assets over liabilities hann^^ bt ; n iiiircased 
from $144.82 on 80th September, 1895, to .si 73. 11 on l^lth Nr.vembcr, 

** In consequence of the Range lieing cloned for cxtcusive alt^^r.i* 
irons for stmie time last year, the Antiuul Prize Met'ting <»f 1895 wi\h 
put off until D<x^^ml)er, This will explain thi' item in the accounts for 
prixea for 1895. 

*' The season*» shooting must l3e considered a very satisfactory one • 
better scores were made than during any previous year, and although 
the shooting in the various matchcH did ni«t quite eome up to ex^ieeta- 
tion, owing to the sickness of one of the team, the n-Hults were very 
encouraging, the annual match against Perak lieiug won l»y 4*1 points 
and that against the Singapore Volunteer ArtiUeiy lost by 22 points 

*' The Resident, Mr. J, P. Rodger* has promised to give a Challenge 
Cup to be shot for annually by memliers of : the Association, at moving 
and vanishing targets, under conditions already published. Am thi- 
provision for these targets has not yet been curried otit at th(^ Raugc, 
it was found impossible to liold the competition thi« year. 

'* An * At Home * on the Rifle Range wa:* held by the members on 
24th September, and proved a great success. The Ladies' Competition, 
in which Miss Sti-atton and Mrs. Ridges gained the Lst and 2nd prizes, 
respectively, and the Rapid Firing Competition, won by Mr. G* Herft, 
were keenly competed for by a large numl>er of members and visitors. 

"The thankH of the members are due to tlie Police and Guides for 
the use of the Range, to the various donors of prizes, and t^ tlie 
auditors for having kindly audit4*d the accounts.** 

The folh>wing is the list of present officers :— Hon, President — 
J, P. Rodger, Esq,, British Resident j Vice-President— Dr, J3. A. 0. 


Travers; Committee— Messrs. C: R. Cormac, W. Ci*ompton, H, 
Huttenbaeh, and A. Poundall, and Captain H. L. Talbot. Hon. 
S<,H'retary and Treasurer— Mr. J, Brown. 

The Hon. Secretary of the Selangor Oolf Club has applied to the 
Sanitarv Board, Kuala Lumpnr, to know if ibere is any ol>jection to 
tbe Club having control of the Golf Links on Petaling Hills, The 
Board replied Ibat it bad no power to alienate the land in question, 
but advised the Chd) to ajjplj to the Land Offiee for the surrey and 
reservtttiou as a recreation f^^rouud of the land required, under Section ^ 
5 of the Land Codt*. 

A MEMBKK of the Asiatic Football Team wrote to the Samtatn 
ilnard i-uni plaining that bis team had been prevented by a member of 
tlir Hrhuigor Uhib from playing' football at the Church end of the 
Famde Ground* The B«mrd replied that under No. 40 of the Rules 
made umler Ke^ulatiou VII. of 1800 no person or club has any right i 
to the eXi'luMive use of any part of the Pai*ade Ground for any gamef 
until fho approval of the Board has I>een obtained and a permit issued. 

TiiK Cricket Sul>Committee of the St'langor Club also wrote to 
I the Board iH'qtirKiin^' that in the event of the Club spending money on 
I Improving' the criikcl j>it^*b and out-field, a portion of the Parade 

(Inuind (marked on a tratnu^ attached to the letter) might Ix' entirely 
[reserved an a cricket [T:round» t!mt no other games be allowed thereon 
[withtMit iluA MpciHid iHTuiission of the Cricket Committee, and that 
IHiiivilirHi U* given for the erect lou of a temponiry mi ling 40 yards by 
[4^1 Vivrdu iu ex1ent» round t!ic ]*itch. The Board approved of the 
j portion of ttie Parade Ground applied for being reserved — so far a« 

I'rh ltef» fotitUill ami olher games areeoneerned — to the excluflive use of 
I the Helaiigor I'lub ('imnnittee, and that a movable raiUng could be 

l»hH^tt"d bi protei 1 the pitch. 

At Hie Pauper Hospital on Saturday last there was given what 
luiKhl Well l>e t4'rmed an **At Home," and had invitations been issued 
11m* woinI •• FtiotbUr' would ha%'e api)eai\*d in the corner of the card. 
^^♦rt»lnatl*ly I he went her w^^is not quite so bad on that evening as we 
liMve Imh'u lyiving it of late, and a large number of visitors, including 
ibo J{eHi^h*nt ami Mrs. Rodger, wei*e able t-o enjoy the music of the 
iMind (to th^ loHs of those who had assembled to hear it at the 

MVidan|^n»r Clidj), the i-efreshments that were provided and llie football. 

' Tlje «q»puMing teams wert^ the members of the Pauper HoHpital Recrea- 
iii»ii Club tun] " The Asiatics/' and the game resulted in favour of the 
Iatt4^r by three goals to nil 


"Asiatics/'— Fonmrt/*, Took Hock (Captain), J. Medina, O. 
BaJuuan. J, Moffiatt ami Maarfengz, Half Uach, YisaUngam. Dora- 
Himy and LcMing SLing. FuU Backs, O. La Brooj and Hwee Seng. 
Ooa), 0. La BrtKiy. 

pAUPBft Hospital. — Forwardgy. O. Zachariah (Captain). IL W. 
Eojtariu, F. Tan Wt'irinp*»u. V. Nagalin<^aiii and Ibrahim. HalJ Backtf, 
8. M^rUxik, Le Ah Seng and R. Sabupatliy, Ftdl Ba^h^ J I>. Soum 
imd J, TheeBiera. Goat, Teo Tiang Ann. 

JUfrree, Mr R. G. Watson; Lme^rmefi. Br, A. McClosky and Mr. 
R. Rauiasajuy. 

Tmi wet and dismal weather of late haa been aometbing too dtmdly 
for anything : even a Mark Tapley would find it a hard matter to 
maintain a cheerful demeanour when Hurrijunded with so much damp- 
ness. House, bedding, clothiDg, all ditnij^, und day after day goes 
hr and no sunshinf* whereby to air tbeiii. The dhoby, wretched crea- 
ture, is quite unable to eojae with the wet» and in our own case appears 
to be waiting for fine weather liefare returning the linen entrusted to 
him. Tlie bat*helor*s *'boy,*' who in many cases is re8pr»nHil>le for 
washing singlets, socks, etc.. and has to see to the daily airing of 
bedding and clothing, is haviug a high time, and views with cabu- 
ne68 a row of mouldy boots, an overflowing soiled linen baslcct, and 
an almost empty itlmoirah. Even ut tulile the damp pursues one, 
and potted meats and jams are soon covered witli a i»ale blue furry 
growth, bread is likt* a wet sponge, and as for salt ! To crown all, 
there are those unfortunates who live in leaky houses and cannot 
escape the rain <*ven wlu.*u under th^ shelter of their roofs. Oh \ the 
horror, the divary. muddy, slushy horror of it all; and oh! for the 
blessed sunshine, as hot as it likes to glare ; or rise w^e shall I ►e 
quoting : — 

There's nought in this life sweet, 

If men were wiae to see *fc. 

But only iiielaiicholy, O aweoteat melancholy. 

At the sale of State agricultural laud, held at Klaug on the ?th 
inst., eight lots were sold out of the 1 7 < tftered for sale. The area of 
the Und sold aggregated roughly 2,4(H> acres, and all went at upset 
prices. Mr. E. V. Carey, on beluiH of Mr. A. Orchard, of Ceylon, 
purchased the first kt oll'ered ; Mr. A. Dmiglas. of Jilang, l>ought 
three; Mr. T, (libson. one; Mr. J. luch. one; Mr. R. E. Meikle (for 
Mr. T. N. Christie), one; and Mr. J. T). Toynbee (for owner of Black- 
water Estate), one, The sale of au<jth«*r 12 lotn in the .mme district 
is advertised to take phice at the Dial He t Ofliee. Klany, on the 18th 
January, at 2 p,m. 



The new map of Selangor, wliiiii is advertised for sale in the 
Oovernnieni Gazette at $2.50 (four sheetB, immouniedj, fumishefl the 
correct position of every town in the State, and each is shown iu piok 
colour ; and as ftir as possible, the Survey Department have shown all 
alienated lands by different eoloui-s, blue dencitingf mining lands and 

I green agi'itultural lands- On the t^astem side of the State nearly aU 
foada, railways and hills are fixed by actual survey, as are the coast 
roads from Klang to Kuala Selangor and Jugra, respectively. The 
One Fathoiu Buuk, Pulau Angsa and the rocks near Jeram aie also 
all accurately fixed. The map shows the new survey of the Bernam 

[Biver, supplied for the puqiose by the Perak Government. The 
scale of the map is two miles to an inch. Much new and valimble in- 
formation is given, and the work reflects very great credit on the 
Selangor Survey Department. 

''Seeing that bananas may now be shipfMid in the form of fij^, 
those countries whose distance from consuming centres has liitlierto 
I partially paralyzed the business should now l}e putting themselves iu 
position to do a larger pt:irtit>n i>f the tmde. We have seen a sample 
of the * l>anana fig/ which in ap[>eai'um*e is «'ertainly inviting enough 
to ensure plenty of patronage from the British publici whilst the taste 
is witiiout question sui^erior to the ordinary fig." — Produce World, 

The estimabxl reveuLio for 1897 for Ihe Negri Scmbilan is 
8G18v^91 ; the estimated expenditure, ^<>1 2,743. The proportion of 
the Federal charges will be $30,000 ; and the amount required to 
make up the 4 pt^r cent, guarantee for the Port Diekson-Sereuiban 
Railway is estimated at ,^12,000, as against ^^18,01)0 provided for the 
present year. A sum of $3,000 is provided for a Government 
Bungalow and Sanitarium at Port Dickson and $2,200 for a Rest 
House at Tampin. The total amount provided for Works and Build- 
ings is ,^50,500; fur Koads, Streets and Bridges, $136,150; and for 
Sanitary Board expeuditnre, $9,100. Cost of Establishments is 
estimated at ^161,E3»j1* ; Salarit*8 and Allowances to Cliiefs, $45,016 ; 
and Pensions (political and sitpemnnQation), $16,797. 

In an interesting article^ eutitlecl *' Sungei Besj," published in the 
Petak Pioneer, the following account is given of the joiiniey by road 
from that township to Reko:—** Having comjtleted my survey of the 
field, a Chinese friend kindly lent me his four*wheeled turn-out drawn 
by a pair of fat little Imys not much larger than a big mastiff. Tlie 
vehicle had doubtless been at soino time a thing of beanty. but time 
and exp<»eurv had washed the giU oft" tJie gingerbread. The harness 
was more rope than anything else. Still, the whole conveyance and 


its appiirtenauci's wore ftlrtmg anil n-lIaMe, Tin* fharioti^er vra8 a 
harel-visa^ed Boyau who evult^utly know a good deal of ilriving. 
B<_^bind ine stood a yoiitliful fotttmaii whose garmeuts were* stained 
bevoud the influeu<*e of itudnon's wa^hing^ powder or any other 
powerful detergeiit. Having iuouut^*d into my place we 8t4irted for 
Eeko or as near thereto as wc vonld j^t. For ti mile or so we 
tnmdled aJong^ in comparative comfort. By-and-by, in the distanee, 
I descried a barrier to which a five-burred gnt<» lx>i'e no reasonable 
proportion* I concluded we should have t<> return for I discovered 
that a permanent bridge was being constructed and that a yawning 
chasm existed beyond the l)arrier. I expre8se<l niy opinion to the driver 
in my best Boytuiese, but it could not have been very intelligible for 
he whipjKfd uf> his tiery steeds until they were at a canter. There is 
nothing ex|»entnental about me, and I emphaticfilly insisted 1 hat I did 
not intend to jump over a baiTier six feet high nor across a gulf twenty 
feet broad. My expostulations were unheeded and I then rose to my 
feet, intending to leave the carriage and all its l>elonging8 to their 
fate. But I heard a wild yell, the swish of descending lashes aud 
the i>oDies suddenly shot over the bank while I pitched on to my 
nose on the front part uf the carriage. Bi'fore I had scnuubled back 
on to my seat we were pralloping up the bank on the other side liaving 
iifely passed through the stream Udow, My shirt front and various 
other articles of raiment assumed for the purpose of decency were 
dabbli^l with tlie fluid of life which poured freely from my nose, and 
my face ached from the eifects of the concussion. Still on we went. 
The travelling was exhilarating enough from the danger and excite- 
ment acconipanving it. This road and some others that I met with 
are constructed on tlie switchbackery system. You shoot down hill 
like an avalanche and when you get to the bottem you start upwards to 
a similar elevation and so on with I'are variation. Occasionally nature 
thwarted the constructor of that road. It was when it present^xl an 
expanse of padi land in a swamp; but though baulked in this manner 
sometimes, the Department rose to performances at others that» in 
switehljackery, were sublime. After shooting these declivities for about 
balf-an-liour a sudden turn in the sharply descending road brought tit 
view a good-sized log lying a<'ri>8s the thoroughfare. There was an 
appeal to Allah, a jar, and I picked myself up in the jnngle about 
twenty feet from were I had opened my eyes'.last. I "vvas glad to set? tlie 
two ponies standing ap[jarently sound. How they had gc>t over the 
timl>er none but that coachman could tell, and as he was not com* 
municative T never learnt. The log was all right, but the caniage and 
the footman had sevenil casualties. Close beside me there had fallen, 
a bottle of that prepamtton which is apechilly prej^ared for allaying the" 
strained minds of members of the House of Comuion?. Whi^nce it had 
come I have never a.^kcd, but taking it up tenderly I disapj>cared 
further into the jungle where my conscience would not prick mo on 
the scon? of the quantity of water I should use, and here I earefuny 
examined the lalxd for the piroper dose under such harrowing trials as 
I had recently gone through. Of «'rmrst- tlu^ shock had been U^y 
9efere for a single administration." 




THIfs long-ta!ked-of luatf^li took plactj at S*:^rembau on Monday, 
tlie 9tli Kovemlier, and, Dwiii|jr to the iiufavourable weatber, 
resultetl in a draw. 
Sbortly l>efore 10 a.m. Stanor; having won the toss, sent in 
Bellamy and Whitley to face the btAvliog of Scott (pavilion end) and 
Tunnicliffe. Runs mme freely and, despite several changes in the 
attack, 50 was registt^red as tbe result of as many minutes' play. The 
ptft^Ct however, was too hot to last as at 66 Bellamy, who had been 
credited with the lioti'w sbare of the runs, was eaii^rbt by Muttiab, 
fielding substitute, for a Imlliantly hit 44 and Bagnalb after scoring a 
single, was easily captured in the slips off Bowen. Stonor joined 
Whitley, who continued to score frtn^ly, but at 92 the latter put np 
one of Larabton's and retired for a. Sue innings of 3l>. Hicks filled the 
vacancy and promptly des(atched the slow bowler into the next lield, 
hut w^as clean bowled a few nms later in trying to repeat the stroke. 
Enter Trotter, only to l>c dismissed by LamlAou without scoring, and 
half Hie wiekets w^ere down for 90, Gluver succeeded, luit at 103 lost 
the company of St<mnr» yorked by Tunnicliffe for a useful li>. The 
r^mainiug wickets gave little or no trouble and the innings closed 
shortly before noon for 107. a smaller total than at one time seemed 
probable, Lambton proved the most successful bowler, capturing five 
wickets at small cost, 

Kajang took the field at 12 shai'p, the bowhng being on trusted to 
Wljitley and Hirdcs. Gunn tind LaHd>toD o|>eued the innintra and 
runs came slowly, the first half hour j>roducing only 9; off the last 
ball of the morning, however, Lamlitou was smartly taken at the 
wicket by Bellamy otf Whitley and an adjournment was made for 

Play should have lieen resumed at 1.30, but, during the interval, 
down came the rain and continned for some 40 minutes, leaving the 
ground half under water. Further cricket sei?med doubtfid, but, all 
hands turning out w^ith brooms and kerosine tins, the pitch was swept 
and garnished and play resumed at 3 p.m. 

With the ground all in favour of the batsmen Scott joined Gunn, 
the not-out, and the score was raised to 34 wdien another catch at tho 
wicket disposcil of the former for a well-played 17, Talbot filled the 
vacancy and at once commenced to force the game, but with the score 
at 68 was clean bowled by Muttiah. who liad taken the ball from 
Hicks at the pavilion end, for a hard-hit hK and a few nins later 
Gunn, who had been playing u waiting game, jumped out to one of 
Whitley's and was bowled for a most useful innings of 15. Caldicott 
and Koe carried the score up to 78, when the rain, which bad Ixi^n 
threatening for some time, came down in earnest aud effectually put a 
stop to further play, leaving Sungei tIjong» favoured by tbe weather, 
with somewhat the l»est of the draw, Bagnall and the two Ca[ttains 
fielded well for their respective sides, wliile Bellamy showed to advan- 
tage behind tbe wickets. The following are the scores ; — 





tt.-lUn.!- 1' «-i»,. h 


I'.inir. », WhiHi-v 


' '-fl . 


<mr h WhiUi'V 





. ..i...w. JilU 


uMultiub . 


1 '' .. 

il(»l u\ti 


fi , 


M- . 


1' f "til h ton 


; tOliftl 



Cunninrift „ 

Tuuniflitte *, 

i.. ...... ,..,,,,. » ....... .,..M- 



tit^jumv uiil mil 


Byc^ 4. uo-bfilb J 



Tnmi |for4 wickc5t#i 


he 81 

NCE upuii a time there wa** an old farmer whn luid twelve sons, 

but much to bis sorrow they were always quarrelling with each 
ther; i*o when he felt that liin days were eimiing' to an end, 
summoned them to his death-lK*d. aud Le84*t-rhed thera for the 
k&t time to stand by eae!i other when hi^ should be gone and no longer 
there to guide them. As they all stood art>und him he l*ade them 
take twelve sticks and tie them together and then he asked each one 
to try to break them ; but, however mueh they tried, not one of them 
was strong enough to do so. When they had all tried in vain, he told 
them to untie the sticks and to break them one by one, which of eour&e 
they did easily. " So it will \m with you, my boys/' he said ; ** as 
long aa yon keep together, you will be strong ; but if eaeh of you 
wants to go his own way. it will be very easy to harm you." 

As it was with the farmer's sons, so it is with the planters : as long 
as they keep together, the Planters* Association as one body will be 
strong ; the moment Government has* to deal with each planter in- 
dividually, the planter will be nowhere. But it would be (piite a 
mistake to judge from the foregoing remarks that I advocate the 
formation of a Planter's Association fur the sole object of defending 
their rights against Government. No ; the chief object of a Planters* 
Association, aeoording to my huinbie opinion, is to enable the young 
planter to get that support, advice and assistanre whieh he is so niueb 
in want of, and to achieve by united efforts what one alone would 
never be able to can-y out. 

If the planters would ooly meet once a month and discuss their 
interests ; exchange their views and experience on planting matters in 
general and different questions in particular — if they would only do 
this and nothing else, they would amply justify their existence and 
might greatly benefit each other. But the planters do not do this. 
Many of them think, because they had to pay for tlieir experience, 
they should not part with \i unless they get paid for it. If they 
would put their heads together and arrange a system of regular Tamil 
eooly immigration from India tliey would render a great serviee to 
themselves and to the State, but they won*t do it. Each individual 
planter sends his own agent over to India to engage his own coolies, 
and each individual planter has to run the risk himself. 




If the planters would put their mpital together and start one 
curing eBtablishment where the i:;rop of all the metiibt-rs eould be cured, 
where each meml>er could ^^et his parchment [►eeled at a rate which 
would ju8t eorer expenses, they would show t() everybody what united 
8treEi,4h euuld do. and tliey mi^ht even make the establish ni€»ut pay 
handsomely by curing the crops of those who are not naeml^ers of 
the Association, at a higher rate— this would also, at the same time, 
show each member the advantage of belon^'ing to the Association ; 
but they won't do it. They prefer to erect their own separate 
egtablishment aiid to pay SIO.'OOO em^h, where united they could do it 
at a cost to each of perhaps one thousand only. 

If the planters would unite aud use their unit-ed influence they 
could st^rt a bank to advance money to deser>4ug young planters ; 
they would by doing this render a gi'cat service to many a young 
fellow who must go to the wall now simply because he cannot raise a 
few dollars at a time when he ueedB thcni, although liis p»roperty maj 
l>e worth ever so much. Up to this present moment, there is no 
chance for a phinter in the T^ative States to raise a cent on liis pro- 
lierty. If they would do something of the kind they could make it 
pay very well indeed, without running the slightest rifik^ and alsu 
render t*> ihe State a great service l>y saving many a promising jtlanta- 
tioUt which in now bound to l>e ruined and to l>e abandoned ; but 
they w<m't do it. They let each poor fellow pkiddle bis own canoe, 
aud if he capsizes and stretches out his hand in despair for someoDe 
to save him, ofiFersj all he possesses— all hiw money, all Ids property 
only to save him from ruin — they won't do it. He may die and 
perish I 

There are hundreds and thousands of things, which the Planters' 
Association could do; but they don*t do them. 

There are a few members who look ui>on the Association au their 
own *' show/* disregard rules and regulations when it suits them and 
attack others when they open their mouth to sj>eak for the benefit of 
the j*lanting community. The majority of the members don't take 
sufficient interest in their otmi affairs to take any active part in any 
discussion. Others are sound and useful men, at least they could be 
and might l>e ; but, as one of them said to me, *' I dare not get up 
and speak out of fear that the fellows would laugh at me/* Others 
consider the Association the means of improving their social position, 
to meet all the big phinti^rs on equal terms and afterwards have tiiiin 
with them. Others think this a splendid chance to worry and t-o 
annoy Government about everything, and to say and t>o do 8|uteful 
things under cover of the Association, which they would never dare 
to say on their own resiwnsibility. 

But because the Planters' Association has not yet done any groat 
things, it is no reason why it should not do them in the future, and it 
would be a great mistake to look on the Association disparagingly 
or for any voting planter to keep out of it. 

Every planter should join the Association and Government should 
encourage it in every way. The Association may be able in render 
very valuable servicei* to the Govei*nmeut, and one great service the 



AflWMrttlkm has alreadj i>^ndered to tbe Stmt« — it has ftdvcrtiscci the 
tiiaes. All the new plantt^ra who bmve Utclj come to the Stale mod 
taken no kad hs Selaagor ha^e been attracted, ooi hj any Ubcffml 
temfl cAfered br the Goi^enuneiit^ but simplj and solelr by the 
tfuttpel blomi bV the Selangor Planters* AsjiiociatioEi. 

ToBt Fhuiten Association has atteiopted to do good 8eirme» 
^thoagh ther have boI so far been Terr successful. The? ha?© 
fooaht hard to ri^eerre the mimoj^ rights to planters for their own 
land ; ihey hare appruached tbe Government to give the land and tile 
inhabitants the benefit uf law and lawyers : thej Imve protested againal 
Gorerament fe^ttmmor private land for public purposes at their own 
TalimtiuQ and terms ; and even if thev had done nothing else but to 
show Goremnient that they exist and that they cbiim the right of being 
beard in aJl mattcTs concerning the planting community, they have 
aehieTed a good deal and fully justified their organisation and 

There are also a number of planters who have joined the Assod^ 
ation liecause they thought it a great and noble idea, to do good for 
the benefit of others. ^Vliatever your nationality, whatever your 
age, whatever your faith and religion, whatever your s^icial fx>sition 
come to us. We are all planters, and as members of our Association 
there exists no difference and no di^iuction Ix-tween us ; we are all 
alike ; and every honest man, if he wants to co-operate with us» is 
welcome and will be received by us with open arms I 

The planter who joins with such noble sentiments ^ill foci 
disappointed; but such a man would feel disappointed aii\Tnhere 
else and in everything else, too, for as long as the world and the 
human race have l>een in existence there have aleo been distinctions, 
and these distinctions have been the means of making men great and 
celebrated and they have induced many men to distinguish themselves 
and have done more gctod than anything else. Tliey are the great and 
powerful motives which urge j»eople to exercise all their talents and 
energy to get up to and pass those who flatter lliemselves they are 
above them, and it is this ambition which makes life both valuable 
and worth living. 

There are people who pretend not to l>e ambitious, who say that 
they are satisfied with the knowledge of haviog always tried to do 
right, even if it has not been recognised or fully appreciated by others. 
Knowing their own value, they say. they can do without the applause 
of an inferior crowd. This, however, is rattier a poor sort of satis- 
faction, and is after all only another attera]>t to gain that recognition 
which they had hitherto lacked. 

Such are the disappointed memlx^rs, and Yk*vj often they do more 
harm than all the others put together, and tliey quite foi'get that by 
l)eiDg sulky they them&^elvcs are comwiitiing that offence which they 
deplore and deprecate so much iii others, and that tbey are acting in 
spirit as well as in sense against those noble .Hcntiiuents which were 
originally the reason which induced them to join the Association. 
They bhould think of this and not let their dimtppoiutment l>e a reason 
for keeping Ihem away j on the contrary, it should be an inducement 



to tliem to do all in tlieir power for the benefit of their Association, 
thus convincing their fellow-Biembcrs that they are useful men and 
ready to work for and in the interests of the Phiiiters' Association* 

The Planlers' Assoeiution, if well toaducted, will prove a most 
valuable institution and not fail to be recognised by Governmeat as 
8uch and as the n?al representative of *lie State's interest and welfare, 
which goes hand iii band witli the welfare of the planters. The 
phiiiters can elaim that whei\t the miner ruins the count rv by turning 
a rich tropical vcgehitii*n iuti> a sandy desert, abandoned by every 
living animal, the planter will trausforra dense jungle, inhabited only 
by poisonous snakes and the wild animals of the woods, into Nourish- 
ing gardens, j^opidated by a bapi»y and tL riving rac^'. The planter 
will ojien up uniuhaliited and unknown swamps and make them into 
a paradise, a new iield for commerce and civiUsation ; the miner turns 
the ground inside out, destroys every crop and renders the Bi)il 
unsuitable for cultivation ; the jilanter produces what we require for 
our existence ; the miner pulls down the happy homestead of many a 
family, but the planter builds tbern up. 

The miner brings in to the Ooveniment Treasury a few dollars 
(for a short timej ouee and never again, where the planter will give a 
permanent and regular revenue, euriehing the soil and its inhabitants. 
The longer the jdanter remains the more valuable his land becomes, 
while the longer the miner stays the more he impoverishes the country 
by taking away its treasure. The planter tiikes no capital out of t!ie 
country, he brings it in ; he enriches the soil, he settles down perma- 
nently, and, instead of undermining the existence of the State and its 
future prosperity, he helps and works to increase its stability and to 
make it a home for himself, and for hundreds and tbonsands of others. 
The planters are the Government's invested capital, that yields a 
reguhir and safe interest, the miners are the people who spend that 
capital. In other words, agriculture is the goose that lays the golden 
eggs and mining kills it, 

To point out this great advantage of the Plant>er8 ver/^vs the 
Miners is one of the objects of the Plantera' Association and they have 
combined to defend their good cause, which is also the good cause of 
their adopted ctaintry, and the Planters* Association will argue this 
with Government and demonstrate to narrow-minded and short-sighted 
officials the benefits and advantages to l>e gained by and through the 

The object of the Planters* Association is to work for the mutual 
benefit of all plauters and to jirocure for them such facilities and 
assistance as erne man alone would never be able to obtain for himself, 
and in this effort they shotdd be suppoi^ted l>y every planter in the 
State* and a young planter who does not jom the Association is 
deserting the good cause and working against his own as well as his 
brother planters* intei*ests. No young planter should be guilty of 
this ; but each and every one of i\iem should consider it a duty and 
an honour to do whatever may l>e iu bis power lo furtlier the great 
aims and the good cause of the jilanters and their Association. 

{To be continneiL) 

No. 8.— Vol. V.— 4f«fr<l December, 18UH. 


A GAIN we liave the opportuuity, possibly for the last time, ol' 
TX wishing all our rciuh-ra 

/ "A KDHIlY CttltieTTVrAS;" 

whether they are here in owy own littlo Statt* — our home for the 
time Ijeing— or are in the Dear HoiiiHland to which at this time <»f 
year, more than at any other, our tlioii^rhts k<.» naturally turn. We 
once remarked, in an i-arly numln*r of th«' Jon run/, tliat we sremcd to 
only pky at observintf Christ nuis out hen': hut that was whnn thr 
recolleetion of " seasonalile weather " was frrslnjr in our ni«'mory, and 
when it appeared to Ix* utterly impos.sihle to n-co-rnisc as a Cliristmas 
gathering one that was not composed ontin»ly ot" relativrs and dear 
old friends. But thi* sojourner in a strau^t^ lan<l un(;<»usfiously 
changes. Happy the one who can l<:»ok hat;k on the vt^ar and find no 
vacant phiee that 1xdon^<.'d to a near and a dear om.*; alas! ono who 
has been abroad for a numbrr years knows that tht-re an* many 
missing from anions those wliom lir us<*d to nuM-t around the 
Christmas fire : inevitable as it is, il is iimic tht* l».*ss sad, an<l 
reduces link by link those uarly ties with Home. The old friendships, 
too, which to the newcomer are so powerful as factors in drawing his 
thoughts back to his own country, imperceptibly alter. Without any 
apparent lack of stedfastness on our ]»art, there creeps in a want of touch, 
new friendships are formed, and one day tin; "('M iuhabitant " wakes 
up to find that many of the cherished early friendships of his old home 
are dxeams, but that many, very many of the friendships of his, shiiU 
we say, exile are pleasing and reassuring realities. Happy it is, that 
it is so. Not that we should forg«.4 old friends, Heaven forl)id I l>ut 
that we should Ik; ablt? to form new ones, F«'W among us are so 
constituted as to be able to exist on the thou^dit of a friendshi]). 
Tktn the other point that, to our mind previously, prov«.*rl a stumbling 
block to anything approaching a real Yuleti«le -the weather, the 
absence of "seasonable weather." Chaps and chilblains I how idiotic 
we must have lx?en, to hanker after snow and ice, clouds and sleet. 
No, no; we can enjoy our Ohristuias puddint: -diiri-stion jH.*rmitting — 
just as well after having jiasst'd a day under a brilliant firmament, 
and surrounded by the lu.vuriant folia;^^* of the trupies, as whi-n driven 
to take refuge indoors from the horror.s of a leaden sky and leafle-^s 
boughs. So that, after all, then- is no reason why we out here should 




not observe ChriBtmas properly and merrilj ; and those of ub wlio are 
8o forttiuate ft8 to have at Home old folk or yoiiujjj folk, or, happier 
still, both, shuukl Ik.^ jill tliu oierri* r to thixik tlmt we are observing 
the time- honoured feast somewhere about the same time^ someu^at 
in the same way, each thinking of the cither. 

Captain Syers, ComnuHsioner of Police, F,M.B., returned to 
Kuala Lumpur on Monday last. He will be with ns for about a fort- 
night. Mr. T. H. Kershaw, Legal Adviser, F.M.S., returns here 

fiom Perak, with the Judieiul Commissioner, probably to-day. 

Mr. Watkinfey, lieeident Engineer, for Railways, left on duty for 
Perak on the 21st Inst.^ by the Jflemeralda. He will not return until 

after Christ mas.- Captain H. L. Tall)ot and Mr. H. C. Holmes also 

left for Perak on the same day.- —Mr. C, Silvern arrived by Sunday's 
Sappho to take vij> his appointment as a Junior Officer in the Selangor 
Service. Mr. Severn*8 ap|rf>intment dates from 14th December, 1895.— — 

Mrs. Harper returned to Kuala Lumpur on Sunday last. Miv and 

Mrs, Highet will leave Kuala Luuij^ur for Euro]>e on Thursday, the 
24-th inst. -Mr. H. C. Faxon, early in the New Year, wiU be em- 
ployed in the head office (Kuala Lum^mr) of the S,G.R. Mr. A. R* 

Venning won the Lake Club Billiards Handica^p, defeating Mr, Grove 

in the tinal The Selangor Clolf Club silver medal for November 

was won liy Mr. M. Stouor,^ -Captain W. R. Reeve Tucker, a Wing 

Officer and Quartermaster of the Malay States Guides, arrived in 

Perak on the 25th ult. to t^ke up the duties of his appointment. 

Mr. J, H. M. Robson has been appointed a "Qualified Witness'* 

under section 69 of the *" Ref^iatration of Titles Rt.'gulatitm, 1891/* 

We hear that Mr. A. Hale. Distriet Offieer, Tampiu, Ne^i Sembilan^ 
is i^ lie District Officer. Kuala S4^«laugor. Mr. Hale joined the Public 
Service in 1884. 

Thb Captain China. Towkny Yap Kwan Seng, was, we undeintand, 
^-eatly pleased with the hospitable rtn-eption he met with from both 
his Euroi»eau and Cliinese friends in Penang and Penik during his 
i^ecent visit to those pla-ees. 

It is rumoured that Mr. W- W. Douglas, District Officer, Xlang, 
will lie transfeired to the Police, m Deputy Commissioner, Perak. 
Some sevent^nni years back Mr. Douglas was in the Perak Pohce, and 
from 1881 to 1890 was Superintendent of Police, Sungei Ujong, 

VicE-AnmaAL Sir Alexander BuUer, K.C.B,, and Lady Buller 
arrived here on Thursday, travelling up by the evening train, and were 



f^|iie«U. with Mr Tntt4iQ (a brotUer nf Lady BuUer). Mr. Le Geyt 
Ptdlaa, Secretary, and Fk)<-Lit'ut. Briidshaw, at thi' Rc^idern^ Dur- 
ing tiifir stuy they vii^ited thi* Balu Caven aud olhtT placctt uf 

LiBtiT, CVy, 1st Liont., H.M.S. Alacrity, Mr Ryau, Chk^f Eugiiuor. 
Lieut. Shclfurd, Sur>»eun Poadc. and seveu men \*i H.M.S. Alacrify 
came tip to E\mla Lumpur to play the S*.*laiigor Club, under Mr, 
Wat^ou's captaincy, at ABsodatiou focitl>alL The game was a mont 
iiiteresting one» and rtsult^fd in the defeat of the visitors by two 
glials to c»tie and on another f»agu we give a short account of the match. 
The football was pi'eceded by a run of the Paperchase Cluli. when 
lialf a dozen riders tiumod out for a gailoj> twkie round the racecouriie 
and over 18 fUghts of hurdles. 

The •* At Home" at the Eesidentry on Saturday night, given l>y 
Mrs. Bodger in honour of the visitors, was a very pleasant and 

enjoyable evening, the room during tlit.^ dancing not being over- 
crowded. Dancing was kej>t up till miJ night, wIr-ii the company aat 
down to sijp[>er. The Resident propuKi-d the toast of Her Majesty 
the Queen. Among the visitors present were Vicc-AdniiraL . Sir 
Alexander Buller, Lady Buller, Mr. Tritton, and the oilicere from 
H.M.a Alacrity. 

The Resident, Mrs. and Miss Rixlger and other visitors, accom* 
panied the Admiral and Offic^ers on Imard the Alacrity on Bimday and 
lunched, some with His Excelkncy, and some with theOftiiters in the 
Wardroom, returning in the Esmei'aMa in time to catch the last train 
from Klang. 

Mr. Maubioe de Bunsen, late of the British lA^gation, Bangkok^ 
and who has bt^cn appointed First Secretary to the Embassy at 
Washington, paid a visit to Kuala Luinjmr last week. He was a 
guest at the Residency, and left by the Esmt titlda for Penang on 
Monday. He was accompanied l\v Mr. Raljdi Paget, of the British 
Legation , Jaj jau , 

The Annual General Meeting of the Samaritan Society of Kuala 
Luujpur will be held in the Oirla* School, Brickfields Roa«l, on Monday, 
4th January, 1807, at 5 p.m., when the Kcv, F. W. Haines will taki. 
the t:hair. We have lieen asked to point out hnw desirable and 
neoeaaary it is that tliis, the tirst general meeting of the Society since 
its inauguration, should be attended by all Ihe inhabilants of Kuala 
Lumpur, and cspeciully by those who have taken an interest in the 



question of providin*^' nursing for the geneml public. Among other 
l>ueiut?i*8 will be the election i»f officers and committee for the ensuing 
year. It is* of court>e, unnecessary to fKnut out that the more cordial 
the eiijiport given to a couiuiittee, the more does that committee throw 
hcail and sjoul intti it 8 work. A gtHxl work has lieeu comiucuced in 
formation of the Samaritan Society, and we trust that nothinjc will 
be allowed to prevent it being carried ou and the sphere of its usefxil- 
nefis extended. 

The nncleUH of a zoolog-ical coJ lection, which may some day 
perhaps be added to the attractions of the Public Gardens, came up 
fruni Siugapore on 8iuiday in the sliape of a young !x?ar, presented, 
we believe, by HE, the Governor. lie has alretMily, taking advantage 
of the diffieidty of transferring him from his cage to his fkermanent 
alKxle, taken the opportunity uf a preliminary canter, with trailing 
chain, al>out hin future Eden, conaiderable excitement being caused in 
process of reeaplure. As to tlie feeding question, a cynic has l)een 
heard tii suggest that he should l:>e turned loose to graze once a week — 
on Tuesday afternoons. 

The marriage of Lieutenant Douglas Egremont Robert Bmwnrigg, 
K.N;, H.M.8. Syhifle, eldest son of Sir Henry Moore Brown rigg, Bart., 
to Beatrice, eldest daughter of Sir Cleuienti Smith, K,C\M.G., was 
celebmted on Wednesday, 18th November, at St, Paurs Chui-chp 
Yalett^, It was the wish of both bride and bridegi-ot>m that the 
marriage should Ix; as quiet as possible, and only a few friends were 
in^itcnl. The bride was given away by her mtithcr, Lady Clementi 
Smith, and Lieutenant Edmond H. Parker, R.N., H.M.S. Syhille, 
acted as liest man. The Rev. A. B. Cartwright officiated. — Daily 
Malta Ckronich'. 

The congregation at St. Mary's Church on Sundav last had quite 
a musical treat, the anthem being from Gounod's *' Nazareth/* Mr. 
Bourne's fine voice was heard to great advantage in the solo, and he 
was well supported by the choir. The thanks of the congregation aje 
due to those ladies and gentlemen who so kindly assist in making the 
musical portion of the service so pleasing and attractive. We hope 
that anthems may 1>e more frequently given ; they would be greatly 
appreciated by all who attend the chtirch. The members of the S.F.B. 
were present on Clnirch Parade : we an? Bun.^ everyone was pleased to 
see them, even if to hear them when taking their seats was rather trying. 

The followiufT vvill lx> the serviirs on Christmas Day : Choral 
celebration of the Holy Ci>mmuniou, followed by Matins and Sermon, 
at 9 a.m, Tamil service at 4.15 p.m. No Evensong on Christmas Day, 



Th» Selangor Fire Brigade gave a Smoking Cod cert on Monday 
night at tlit» Selangor C!ub, Chief Officer Bellamy in the chair. 
Though ihii alt-endance was small, a very pleasant evoniuijf wat* spiiut» 
Among the singers who favourt:^! the audiciK-e weiv Mi\ R. G, Watwrtn, 
who sang thi*ee songa» Mr. Claude Severn— ^ who will be well rt*tvivr(l 
at future "smokers*' — sang two songs, and Messrs. H. F. Bellamy, 
Haines, Tearle, Brown, Parsons. Beattie and Grey* Mr. W. E. Lott 
deaerres a word of praise for the able manner in which he jdnyed the 
accompaimnentii to all the songs as well as a selection at the com* 
meneement. The concert was given instead of the annual Christmas 
dinner^ which we understand will not take jilaee this year. 

There is not quite such a gltiomy ivcurd of weather as in our last 
Bue, for on mon^ than one occ^ihiou the cloiuls have not Ikh^u heavy 
enough to keep us from seeing the sun, and we have hail a few bril- 
liant moonlight nights. The fall of rain on the evening of Monday, 
the 14th, however, was phenonieoal, and for half *au -hour or so Kuala 
Lumpur was flooded— the Parade Groimd from the Cluiirch to tlie 
Bank was an unbroken sheet of water, the bauks of the rivers diw- 
appeared and all the low- lying stieets in the town were ^submerged* 

The effect of the heavy rains has been severely felt by the Rail- 
way, Foi-timately the Hue betwe<3n KuaLi Lmii|mr and Klang has 
not anffereilt and work lias uIko gone on as usual on thi^ Kiuda Klaug 
Extension. The big cutting ou the Sungei Besi line has caused some 
trouble and tralhc for a short time was stopptnl, but at the time of 
going to press tniins were running through all right. The Kajang 
Extension, of which the cuttings and earthworks are practically 
finished, has been progresniug all through, althf>!igh the bridge work 
has been stopped owing to the flooding of the Langat River, It is in 
the neighbourhood of Rawang that greater difficulties have l:>een 
encountered, and some oi t!ie <'UttiugB which caused the stojipage in 
Octoljer, 1895, have again interrui)t^:Hl the sci-viee. Nearly up to 
Kawang and then beyond that stattuu, the liue is clear, but at the 17th 
and 18th miles the slips are very heavy, and mean a lot of work 
before through traffic can l>c resumed. Every effort, however, is being 
made to get all clear, and Engineers from the various extensions and 
the oi>en line are su|5er intending large gangs of coolies who are 
working night and day, ^__^^ 

The tirst numT>cr of the MaJny Mail was duly published on the 
14th iuht., au<l has appeared regularly each day since then, Mr. 
Robson, who has at present to contend with many difficulties 
conneet^:^! with staff, plant, etc., all of which will be overcome later on, 



hiiH made au exci41ent Hlart, Jiud lins already published some 
interestiiig artit^es, Wc are j,^lad to see tUut Mr, Robson does not 
share the npiniou that writing on coffee is being overdone, for in the 
fifth issue of hia paper he has a capital artiele on *' Coffee Planting,** 
and we hope that he will secure many more contributions from the 
same x^en. Among others the paper haa contained leading articles on 
*• Club Friendships/' *' The Kuala Lumpur Refuse Destructor," 
** Service Pros|>ect8," and " the Oetieal Service/* 

The sale of the *' Cicely Estate/* at Kuala Kan gsar, Perak, recently 
advertised in the Jon r tut!, has been indefinitely postponed. 

Some of the dwellers at Kam|iong Kuantan Klang, are declaring, 
we understand, that l)etween the hours of 4 and 5 p,m. on Friday, the 
4th inst.. they discerned a mock sun* Well, they should consider 
themselves fortunate, we hadn't even a moek one in Kuala Lumpur 
abtnit that date, nor for several days after. 

There was recently, in the Kuala Langat District, a scareily of 
rice amoimiiiig almost to a famine, and lasting for some ten to twelve 
days. A correspondent, referring to this, writes: " If . as the home 
papers say, the crojis have failed over a great i>art of India and severe 
distress is expected there, we may take it for grantetl that great 
scarcity will be felt in the Straits as well, and it is eminently 
desimble that early measures be taken t-o guard against the danger/' 

A MEETiNri of the Museum Committee* was held on Friday, the 
18th inst., Mr. A. S. Buxendali' (in the chair), Mr. L. B. Von t)onoi> 
(Hon, Secretary), and Messri*. J. Kuysell, C. E. F. Sanderson and 
A, K. Venning lM'iug]>re8ent. The Committee inspected the Museum 
and were very pleased with the excellent collection of fish, shells, 
contls, etc, recently obtained by Mr. Samuels, Taxidermist to the 
Museum. These additions are of a valual>le and interesting nature and 
will well repay a visit to the Museum. The expenditure for 1897 
(estimated at $4,0CK) and r<Nlu(*e<l to ^2,(XX>) was discussed, and 
a]>fH»rtjoned, A letter froui Mr. Von Donop was read t4mdering his 
resiguation at the close of the year. The Committee acknowledge with 
thanks the receipt of a serpent hawk from Mr. A* B. Lake. The 
nuralx^r of visitors during Deceml^er, 8,668; pre^iouslv, 16,804; total 

By the preceding |>aragraph it will l*** seen that after the clost^ of 
the year Mr. Von Donop will Tuit, from (♦rivate reasons, be able to 
serve on the Museum C<immittee. This will mean the loss of a most 
indefatigable and |>ainstakiug Hon. Secret iiry, a loss the Museum can 



31 afford. It would \>e quite imjwssihle to overrate the value of Mr. 
Vom l>(mo[/g 8er>'i<^s in coUDectioii witlj the Mtmeiim ; it in scarcely 
loo much to say that the succees which has of late attended the 
BiAiiAgement of the Museum is due tDaiuly to his exertiont. 

The regular monthly meeting of tlie Committee of the Selangor 
Club wan held on Saturday, 12th Becriul>er, Messrs, R, G. Watson, 
rVice-Preaident), G. Cmnming, L. Dougal J, RuKsell, C. E, F. 
Sanderson and A. R. BUgh (Secretary) being present. The propMjsal 
of the entertainment Sub-Committee to have a dance on Moiiday, the 
28lh iust., was approved, and it was n^^solveti tliat a charge of ^IJA) be 
made for each member attending. It was resolved that a new 
billiard table Ix! iiurchased from Messrs. Lazarus, of Calcutta. Mr. 
I>ay to be asked to serve on the Billiards Sul»-Conimittee, vice Mr. 
NichoLas resigned. The arrangements tor the use of the Club for the 
amateur theatrical ix^rfonuauces were discussed. 

Local readers are reminded that all dogs in the town of Kuala 
Lumpur must be registered for 1897 Ix-fore the end of January ; that 
the water-rate for the let six months of 18f>7 is due at the same 
time J that the tax on animals and velucles is also due then for 
the eame period ; as well as the assessment on houses. And, 
what is a most important matt**r. affecting a large elass whii'h this 
paper does not reaeli, that on and after the 1st January, 1897* the 
circulation in Selangor <>f all r(»|t[>er and lirooze eoin issued by the 
Governments of British North Borneo, Sarawak and Brunei is prolii* 
bited. Sections 5 and 6 of the Regulation under which this order is 
issued read as follows :— 

"5. I.— If any pi'rs^m shall in eontravention of any such order 
circulate or attempt to eireoliite any eoin in such order specified he 
shall be liable on Buniniary eoiivictiun to a fine not exceeding twenty- 
five dollars, and the eoin shall be forfeited. 

"II. "For the purjuisea of this ftt^ction a f>erson is not deemed to 
circulate coin who gives such coin to a banker or money -i*h anger in 
exchange for other c*oins f)r for notes. 

*'6. Any coin the circulation of whitb in the State is for the time 
l>eing prohibited by any such order as aforesaid found within the 
State otherwise than in the possession of a banker or money -ehanger 
after the expiration of thirty days from the puljli cation in tlu^ Govern- 
mejit Qnzviie of such order shalh if it atiionnts to the nominal value of 
five dollars or upwards in fhe case 4if eopjfcr or brrmzecoiu, or twenty- 
five dollars or upwards in the case of silver coin* Ix? forfeited, and may 
be seized without warrant by any police ofhcer and detained jjendiug 

Owing to the holidays we have Inul t^> go to press two days earlier 
than usmil ; and sevenil items have had to stand over. In onr next 
we kIulU print the reports in connection with the year's work and 
examination at the Victoria Institution. In this issue we give speci- 
mens of some of the forms and books which the writer of the articles 



ou '* Coffee Plantiug" considera necessary for an estale ; the usual 
iiiHtjilmeot has iK^en held over, but the series will be brouj^ht t-o a eon- 
rl»i**ion ia the next numlx-'r uf t!ie Jtmrntil, when we also lio|>e U* give 
Hketehes of tbe elevations and jt^voiiud-planH tif the bungalow and store 
]iruviauslv refeiTed to. 



rWBM " Max O'Relh" we think, who. when speaking of the coloniBing ty of the British race, said that no sooner had a handful of 
English tiieii settled down in any imeivib»t*d corner of the globe 
..iian two thin^'tj at onie ap]>eared— a ehureli and a tTicket pitch. 
Nowaday Sr Ji third item is just as certain — that 18, a school One of 
the most iiiijiorlant and tar- reaching at- com pan i men ts of the British 
ttaLt in new rc^^tins is the spread of education^ and here in Selangor 
the work m now being luidertjilcen w^ith a vigour and an eameetnees 
that bodes well for the future. 

A weh'oine si^n to those who have the eause of edueation at lieart. is 
the great success that has diKtingtushc'd the Vi<^toria Institution from 
the moment that Mr. Treacher Hugyested it aa the moat suitai>le fi»rui of 
commemomtiug the Jvjlnlee of Her Majesty *s reign until the pn^ent 
time. But gratifying an this imdoubl*-dIy is, yet within the past few 
months another step has been taken which, we venture to think, will 
prove a still more important one m the manh of progress : the ojicning 
of a Govern Qient English School for Girls. At the distribution of 
prizes to seholars at this schoMl, held on Wednesday, the 16th iiiBt,» 
Mr. Rodger remarked on the utter iadiiyerence to female ediieation 
that has ]>revailed among the nativt^s we meet with in this part of the 
world and in the East generally (a notable exi^eption is otir present 
Raja Muda of Selangor), and how sincerely he hoped that from thifl 
small begin nin^^ great benefits might arise and that the example set 
by Selangor might be far-ixuching. 

In any country superstition dies hard, and lingers longest in 
the female mind (oh, thou wonder of wonders, the inexplicable New 
VVf>man, fori^'^ive us for saying soj. The most powerful enemy to 
su])erstition in undoubtedly education. Educate the coming mother 
and confer a lioou on future generations of pupils and teiudierB. 
Even though in some isolated eases we may be sowing the seed for 
the growth of a native Bbiesto eking of the most advanced order, yet 
rat the same time we shall be enlightening and broadening the mind of 
'the million. 

Ntit the least significant thing at the gathering at the Girls^ School 
on the 16t!i was the presence of several Balia mothers and the great 
interest they took in the proceedings; the children, t<^^>o. were most 
interesting tu watch, and small as the rcgistt*r at present is we are 
infornietl that the folloi^nng nationalities are re prt^si^n ted— English 
and Scotch, Eurasians. Chinese. Tamils. Singhalese, Siamese and 



In addition to the Resident and Mrs. and Miss Rodger, there were 
ereral ladiL's and a few tjentleraen present, amon^ the latter l>t'm^ the 
ev. F. W. Haines, the Inspeetor of Bc'htif>l8. aud Mr. B. E. Shaw, tht* 
lead Master of the Vict^^ria Institution, Miss Stratton, the Head 
tfss, received the visitors, and afU^r tht? needk^work hatl been 
ned by Mrs; Rodger and Mrs. ChartivB, the scholars, nader t!ie 
fifreetion of Miss Stratton. sang very prettily a carol; a few of the 
scholars then, singly, recited some short jiit»ct»8 in very creditable style ; 
and after that an exhibit ii>n of Swalish drill was gi?en, the fomi and 
time of the children in their exercise lxn»g excellent. 

Mr. Haines thun read the fuUowint^ ri'port: — 

** The course of study during the year only extended to four months. 
It wu-K tlK'refore under the disadvanta^jres intildunlal to this that an 
examination was lie Kb However, I thout^ht it neeessar%\ in justice 
both to the GovL*rumtrnt and thf parents, that the ehildrt>n should be 
examine<l in order tliat they might he properly classified and that thus 
the new scholastic year might be properly eommenee<i. I am glad to 
say that the Head Mistress has devoted great energy and much time 
to her work. I have paid several surj^rise visits to the schiwl, and 
have thus hyyn able to see mon-^ of the ordinary everyday work than is 
possible during our annual inspection. On these occasions I have 
marked the excellent class teaching and the pains the children were 
taking. Gh^x^rfulness is a characteristic of tlic school at work aud at 
play. At the examination, cimcluded yesterday, 15th De<tuuWr, Hilda 
Pereira takes the jiHze otTered by tlie Insjiector i>f Schools. I was 
pleased at her genei-jil inlelligenee and the accuTacy of her work. 
Constance Hendriks was a good seeood. T!h* sehord having only l>een 
oi)ened a few mi>nths a good proficiency in the three elementary 
subjects and knowledge of their own country could not be expected 
from all who were presented- 

** In Standards IV. aud V. rejuling, writing and arithmetic were 
good fiuhjccts aud alt passed. 

"In Standard III. the spelling was weak, and in Standards I, and 
H. only tliree were up to jiassing ftunu in arithmetic. 

" Mure time will have to l>e allotted in the future to an important 
class subject, geography, than which no subj'r*ct is more interesting to 
children- Nearly all ot" us have relativ^ns ov friends in some other 
jmrt of the wtu*hl, and children particularly I always find *Higer to 
point out on the nm]> the plai-e where their friend.s are aud to learn what 
the C(mutry is like. I must obtain from Government a new map of 
the Slate for use in this school, or what jierhaps would l)e l>etter a 
map of Kuala Li^mpur that contains the locality of the school, Tlien 
tiie children will see their owu house, the roads they walk on daily 
and the public' buildings they know, and thus a map will become a 

•' In conclusion I must repeat that the examination just held does 
not report a year a work. I am contideut that at the next annual 
examination the girls now present wil! do well under a Head MistresR 
who knows them and is uuderstoo*! and loved bv them." 



Mrs. Rod^^er then distrilnitecl the prizes to the following succeesful 

, scholara : — Hilda Peivira, Ist prizt? ; Constance Hcndriks, 2nd ; Gladys 
JKeun, 3rd; Rosabel Lazarus, 4tli ; E. Labroov, 5th. Mrs. Rod^r 
Iliad very kindly presented a prize of a gold brooch for the best needle- 
; work, and this was won hy Maud De Mornay, Mary Nadiuo obtaining 
tlie second pme. 

MiBS Stratton thanked Mrs. Rodger for pi*esenting the prizes and 
the visitors for attending, and siiid that the shoil time the school 
had been in existence and the very bad weather of the past two 
months had had the effect of nmking a suecessfnl exajninatiou a 
diffieult matter. She also wished to point out how very necessary and 
desirable she considered drill to be, and that the time employed in the 
exercise was well spent ; and, referring to the coming year, hoj>ed that 
the scojx; o£ the school would be enlarged and that among other 
tilings she would be able to give lessons, but theoretical at present, in 
domestic economy. 

The Resident, speaking on Ijehalf of Mrs. Rodger and himself said 
how pleased they had been with all they had seen and lieard, the singing 
of the children had l>een charming and their recitation distinct and 
good, while the way in which they had gone through the drill compared 
very favourably witli that of scholarH of a similar age at the Victoria 
Institution, whom he had that niuniing Wen inspecting. He referred to 
the neglect of female education in the past, and tu the hopes he enter- 
tained of the future of the Girls* School, and how, spacious and well 
adapted for its purposo a^; the school house seemed to Ik?, he looked 
forward to the time when it would be necessary to enlarge the building 
to accommodate the increased number of tjcholaris. Mr. Rodger quite 
agreed with the Head Mistress as to the bt-neiits the girls would derive 
from drilling, and hoped that the Inspector of Schools would l)e able to 
obtain a musical instmment to asaint the children, both in drill and 
in class singing, and he won Id also like to sec an expenditure for the 

Enrpofle of giving object lessons. He could endornc what Mr. Haines 
ad said in bis report regarding the general air of cheerfulness of the 
Bcbolars during work, and hiwJ when visiting the school while at the 
Masonic Hall l>een struck by the sauie idea. The Resident, in conclu- 
gion, wished the school ever>* prospenty and success, and s|>uke of 
the good work that was being done by Miss 8tratton and Miss 

Another carol from the children, which, owing partly to the 
shades of night coming on and partly to increased coufidence, wjis 
given with more gusto than the first one, brought the firat prize meet- 
ing of the Govenrinent English School for Girls to a close* 

The Victoria Institution, 
^ examination of the pupils at this school has l>eeu concluded, 

Jweare able to print the prize list ; but the distribution will n^tt 

take place till this (Tuesday) aft«*rnuon, a1 a quarter to five, when Mrs. 
Rodger will present the prizes. We have alxive refem^d to the success 
th»t has attendtnl the Institution, and the n^turns we give below will 


ftliow how great this success has lieen. The generooi maimer in which 
stibseribers of all uationalitiefl oinie f>>rwHr«l to ^iipjiort the aebflttie 
when it ^as fir^t i^tarted Iiad the ^ocm] efft^ct <»f jihicmg the school OB 
a firm financial basis, and an earnest txjdy uf Tni»tee« and the iin- 
wearnni^ eiertiontj of ihi* Head Master, Mr. B, E. Bhaw. have made 
the school so pi>pular that it is now necessary to eonsiderabl? enlari^ 
the present building or tx> take new premiss. Mr A. B. Venning 
18 Hon. Treasurer, and Mr. B. £, Shaw is Hon. Secretary to the 
Institution ; Messrs. G, W. Hep|ioai>tail, W. M. Phi]U(^i8, R. C. Browne, 
Chin Ah Cheong, J. T. Anidpragasim and £ea Siong Enn are Asna- 
tant Masters. 


Form Pkizbs CYear*» Mark*). 




Chun H7A* Pou^ 

IIL B. .,. Wong Fook Yaik 


K. TUam|«ii)illiiv 

TT A (Ch^ ) Phan^ Chok Sen 
a. A. (Hi.) 1 ^^^^ MitcheU 


. v. Aftsaipillay 


Chun Sze Jin 

n. B. rTa.) A. Gajiakamv 


C Chun Ah S**w 

L A. fCb.) Tun^ Ah S^x^ 

i Lee Chin Sew 

L B (Ta.) M. Muttoosainy 

Attendahoe Aim 

Conduct Prizes. 




Chun Sze Kiong 

, K. Chelkf>ah 

' Chun Sze Pong 

i Clmn Ah Sew 
\ Tong Ah Kee 



/ CliinLoongKwang 
\ Chun ICaui Ming 
,.J R Tlianapipillav 

IIL A. ... < A. Fernando 


J Leow Long Kwang 
f B. Poniiiali 


/Cljun Ah Chong 
', E, Bartholi nuruRz 

' M. Sundanani 

TUB .. Yap Hon Fook 


... a. O'Hara 

U. A. (LliO (Chun Sze Gnu 


, Yap ToTaik 

IL B. (Ta,) A. Gopalsamy 
I. A. (Ch.) Chang Geok teong 


Mathematics (1 

jy Examination). 

Form , 



Chuii Sze Pong 

IILB S. E. Bux 


Kim Fook 

II. A (Chj Ahdul Raop 


A. DoniBiiinv 

IL B (Ta.) S. Ponnaiopulam 


... Chun S/e Jin 

I. A (Ch.) Tung Ee Tliong 

Ill A. 

... Teh Kwce him 

L B (Ta.) A. S. Pakiri 

Recitation and Enoi 

-I8H (hy Examination). 


Form . 


. . Chun Sze Pou^ 

IIL A ... H. DeMomay 


... E. BarlhulojiKHisz 

IIL B ... D. HofiFner 


,.. H, La Brooy 

IL A (Ch.) Yip Kah Kwi 


B. Armstrong 

IL B (Ta.) Ava Durai * 




VII. and VI 

Geogbaphy and Map Deawino (by Examination). 


IV. Appu Sinnu 

Chun Kam Ming 

Special Prizes (by Examination). 

English History. 

Chun Sze Kiong. 

Physiology (Headmaster's Prize.) 
Chun Sze Pong. 


Pre8ent<>d to the l)eflt scholar of the year by J. P. Kodgeb, Esq 

Chun Sze Pong. 

Treacher Sholarship. 
Chun Sze Kiong. 


Total for the Year 1896. 


207 ... 42,<;54 


No. on 








of Daily 


No. on 



No. on 


Total for the Year, 









November. 1896 











Nnml)er Presontcil for 




Result of Government Inspections. 


Total No. of PiwBOa 





of Daily 


of Daily 

Percentage of 



Passes in Special Subjects, 1896. 

Euclid, Stage I.— Kow Tiara Chuaii, K. Rode, R. Thampipillav, 

Chun Kam Minj^, R. Mailvaganam. 
Euclid, Stage II. — Cliiiii Szo Pon^r. Chun Sz«» Kionj?, R. Pereini. 
Algebra, Stage II.— Chun Sz*? Poii^. Chun Szo Ki«)n^f. 
English History. Stage II.— Chuu Szo Vow^, Chun Szo Kionj^r, R. 

Pereira, Kow Tiani Chiiau, R. Rode, R, Thampipillav. 




OELiVKGOR footlidllorH wen- very itleased at tho opi^iortunity of 

^^ tni>utmf7 a loam from H. M. S. AlarrUy ou Satunluy Uist. It iPi 

J altmgtime sintx' wt* had au uutgide uiatdi, and coii8idenil»le 

iuterest was nmtiifeBted in this one. Mr. Watson captain tnl a 

venr good t*»am» but *>ne we hope to m^ tjiiich »tn»o^hcned befon* wc 

meet Singapore at Chinf^se New Year. The game was a very enjoyable 

one and ended in a win for the home eide by two j^'oala to one. 

Phillips did creditably in goal» and with praetit^ he ihould be abh* to 

fill this place well Bellamy at back was difficult to pafts, but Graham 

wandered ab*mt a trifle too mueh. The latkr is much Ijetter as a 

("half. Certainly the most improved jdaycr in Sehingor \^ W. E. Lutt. 

Although mueij ovtTweitrhti*d he plav.-J an eieellerU gome and seemed 

uever t^j tire. Lake and Skinner alst- played w«'ll but showed want of 

. tfainittK. Forward » K<>e had too little to du and, we must Nay we 

f liave n^-ver seen him whow l<> sn little atlvantap\ Puuudall played a 

me and WatHon» while his wind laHted, did j^^Mjd work. For 

ore, their goal kee[>er, right back, centre forward and left 

rwin^ did excellently well, and played a really f^'iXKl ^'ame. 

It must be very pleasing news to all those who tiike an interest in 
gsimes ]>layed in eonnection witli the Selan;^mr Club to hear that at la«t 
a p«>rtion of the Panule Ground haw l>ern jilaced imdcr the etmlrol 
(jf the Club, For this wt have to thank the Crieket Sul»-Comniittee, 
who refused to spend a cent of the money li-dleeted fi>r laying dowu a 
cricket pitch until some detinite aniiug*-Muent in this direction bad 
iMien arrived at. We are glad to heur that close on $1,700 (ineluding 
a donation of S?o<X> from Government) will be available for the pro- 
posed improvements. The Club football will l>e played at the Church 
rnd of the ground and by thiH an-augenient the new pitcfi will n<jt 1)C 
eneruache<l on. At the Bank end of the ground two football pitches 
for native teams are to be laid; one of which, however, will only Ije 
available when there is no cricket match. The proposed new cricket 
pitch is to be 40 yards square and will be very nearly opposite the 
Club. A Ground Committe*^ has been appointed and the work will 
very toon be commenced. The pitch is to l^e laid on the same principle 
L«» that adopted in Penik, and if w^e in the near future can have 
aa good a ground as the sister State, we shall have little to com- 
plain of, There will, of course, be a lot of work in levelling up the 
ground round about the pitch. A considerable amount of draining 
will also require to be done. As the money at present at the disposal 
of the Committee will uot prove too much, it is needless to say that 
further subscriptions will Ix^ thankfully received ; so those who have 
not yet had an ojipirtunity fif putting their names down for a donar 
tioHj need have no scrujUes on the score of it being too late to do so. 

The Annual General Meeting of the Belangor Rifle Association 
was held at the Sclaugor Ckd> on Wednesjday evening, December Ijith, 



Dr. Travel's in the Cbair. The I't'iHjrt tif the Commit tei,' for the past 
jear, and the aQiiual statement of aeeoimtB, which show a verv satis- 
factorj 8tat€ of the financed of the Association, were unanimously 
paSBed. each memlier having jji^viously bad a printed copy. The 
following Officers were elected for the ensuing year .—President, 
Dr. Travera ; Vice-President, Capt. Talbot ; Committee, Messrs. 
Connac, Cromptou, Hilt ten bad j, Poundall and W. J), Scott; Hon. 
Secretary and Treasurer. J. Brown. 

It was unauinioimlv resuked that in future the subscription to tlie 
Aflsueiatiuu shouhl be an annual one of $10» and for out-station 
nieinbers $5, entitling them to all the privileges of the Association, 
in lieu of the previous all vmmd charge of $3 per quarter; Entmne<? 
fee ^2. Also that the Snb-Committee for the revision uf rules : — viz,, — 
Messrs. Cormac, Travers and Brown, be i-e-elected, with the addition 
of Capt. Tall>ot. 

The Resident's Challenge Cup. a baudsome silver bowl, was formally 
handed over to the charge of the Association, and was on view later, 
in the bar of the Club, where it was much admired. It has been 
dejvosited in the Bank for safe custody. A hearty vote of thanks to 
the Resident for this gift was passed and the meeting then terminated 
with the customory vote of thanks to the Chairman. 



rEW pkw« in the world where men are gathered together in any 
number escape the presence o£ the Amateur Lady Doctor. 
This individual must be C4irefully distiuguiahcd from the kind 
and cbaritatde hidy who seems to make everyone's troubles her 
liwn and who, without in any way overstepping her province, carries 
relief and happiness into many a sick room and is one of the doctor* s 
best friends and assistants. The great aim of the Amateur Lady 
Doctor is to make herself aequaiiited with the occurrence of illness 
in her neighbourhood and (usually uninvited) to visit the cuse, making 
iill sorts of enquiries into the details of the complaint. Having learnt 
some of the symptoms, she at once jumps to a ctmelusion as to what 
is the matter with the patient, and having as a rule announced that 
she hiis no l>elief whatever in dru-tors, she asks what medidnee are 
VN?ing taken and hy whom tbey have l>een prescrilied. On I'eceiving 
the desired information she fretuiently declares the treatment to be 
entirely wrong, or says that the aose is incorrect, thereby presuming 
to put her i>etty experience, which is not baektKl up by any knowledge 
whatever of physiology, anatomy or medicine, against the opiuion of 
those who have practically made a life studv of the work which she 
has the conceit and impertineuce to criticise. In a small place like 
KuaLi Lumpnr, this is a]>t to do incalculable harm, as it is quite 
piesible that the confidence of a iiervf»u« ladv in ln*r meilicjil attendant 
may be considerably shaken and that gooil tuideratanding lx?tween 
doctor and patient, which ib so essential, be tiicrcby destroyed. The 



|iitapnt M?lflom n*|)e(LU to the iiiedicul man D^'hat hiM Vteen unid b? 
her Ufit frieo*! (?) sty tbat bo bas no ojijMtrt unity wbit^yer of defenJ- 
iGg bimsclf ii^'uinftt tbt'se iioprincipkHl attuekw. 

Should tbt- iMlvicv of tW Araat**ur Ludy Ductor U* fulltrwi^d jind 
any pv«vi*Vnt »><x'iir, she quiekly retires from the aise inul iiUowr* the 
>> Mlity to ri»ftt on the ahuidderH of the d<>ctor, who. iKnn\; 

I the Jark, is very neverely handieaj»|>ed in hi« tn^t meat 

V -•, This is a by no uie&ns exaf4K**i**it€'d account of what 

*>" ■ jUeDtly in Kuala Lnuipur. 

It is a resrrcttable fad also that a prurient desire to ^in detailed 
mforniation in couneetinn with the varioun c^uies of sickness which 
tk-iTur fr«>m time to time, is rery rife generally, such pronounced 
cnriosity is, to gay the least of it, nnbeeominjr, and it ahould Hurely he 
the <luiy of all ti» asisist the inedioal mt^ii in airryiug out their often 
Tery arduous duties^ instead of, by lendin^^ a ready ear to irresponuible 
opuiions, to place stumbliug blocks in their way, 

E. A. O. TEATE&8, Meeidency Surgeon, Sehngttr. 


ItVt (fo »Qi hold aur$«hM r99pon$ihU for th* opinions ejrpft§§ed btt our Cori*9spond9nt§,] 


To the Editor q/ the Sd^n^or Journal. 

Deab Sir. — It is indeed plea&ing to think that we are to receive 
further articles re plauting from the Ix'ncvoleut pen of the ^(etitleuian 
who served up two and a half pageg «»f suggest ions, plu!autliro|tii' and 
otherwise, on the above subject in your last number. I, however. wi»h 
to make a few remarks. 

His varioii3 suj^gestions are surely oih^u to grave eritiritiu^ and are 
not likely to go down with planter rea^h^rs, as they whow want of 
knowledge of the subject. One would think siieh jdiilanihmpical 
bunkum can only have beeu produced by one who sadly fer.*ls the 
want of a temjmrary loan such as he suggest*; if not, his course is 
clear — ^duty clearly indicates the remedy— let him start this bank, let 
Iiim advance the mouey to the young and needy but deserving planter. 
As so nolde-minded a gentleman will surely not require th(^ great 
profits which he assures us would accrue from such an enter (irise, let 
him aflvance the money without interest, or let the various charitable 
aociationa of Selaegor reap the benefit. 

The system of recruiting froi' labour in vogue here has l»eeu 
copied from Ceylon, where it works smoothly ; even hero I liave 
seldom if ever heard of serious losses through defaulting recruiters. 
Why, may I ask, shi>uld tbe mau wht» has at eonsiderablc expense and 
trouble worked up a good connection in Imlia l>e cx|^^cted to allow Tom, 
Dick* or Harry to taj* his labour source and thus endanger his estate's 



prosperity ? Surely our pluiautliropie Mend bas not looked at the sul% 
ject from the co*>lie8' poiut of view. Perhaps ho may uot know that on 
mogf estates which are happy as regards their labour a considemblc 
proportion of each gang are rehited lo each other, or aiauy rate arc 
from t!ie same village. Is he so bard hearted as to attempt the sever- 
ance of all home ties r Has lie no symimthy for poor Eamasamy sent 
by his Bystem tfj work on an estate near, Jet hr say, the Siingi;'i Ujonj^ 
boundary, w hile his friend Na^^asamy bemoans his fate near tlie Pahang 
boundary r Is he so ere dulmis as to think that cooliea from a village 
wbieh bas to date supplied the bjixkljone of the labour force of, say. a 
Kuala Lumpui* District Coffee Estate, will submit to be shipped without 
any knowledj^e of their ultimate destination ; or, can it \ye that 8ci 
amiable a man would accept loolies recruited under false pretences ? 
And, again ; why, I would ask, should a planter who has Ixuight his 
experience, dearly enough, ^^^oodness knows, with years of hard wi>rk 
and worry, Ix* exjject<^d to let the first coiuer reap the fruits of it witli- 
ont any quid pro quo, any more titan in a qualifying examination one 
man is expected to help another ? It is all vtny well to air such views 
in writing, but I vei^ inucb dmiLt whether the writ<?r would, bad hd 
such technical knowledge to im[)artp practise as he preaches, 

A joint store sounds very nice ; but how, may I ask, does the writer 
expect an estate of, say. 200 acres in liearing miles off to get its 
crop to the store in cherry daily ? Perhaps he expects it to Im.* sent 
ill parchment, if so, wher^:* does the gain come in, the iiulping and 
drying, the |iart of the work which i-ntails tlie greatest exjionditure, 
would still have to Ik^ done on eaeh cstati\ Pt^rhaps he would also 
suggest that the S.P.A. supply cart* and bullocks. 

Would n<»t this benign gentWman issue a programme eometliing 
after the foilow^iug: — 


"* To any young men desirona of l>ecoming planters, possossed 
of neither brains, experience, iiiir means ! The Selangor Planter*' 
Assoeiation wish to draw atteution to tbe following : 

** Any young man, ciujjiug under the abow qualification, by api^lyiog 
at the head office in Bunkum Lane, E,C., will be provided with an 
outfit for the tropics and a ticket to Kuala Lumpur. Selangor » where, 
uiH>n arrival, he must state the amount of money he requires, which 
he will I'eeeive under the most advantageous terms ; no secunty or 
iuit^reeyDoing rotinired. Every effort will be made to make his stay 
in the State a pleasant one." 

Or. sav, this : 


** All young men without brains, money, or experience, carefully 
provided for ; a residence in Kuala Lumpur necessary ; an exj>erienc*?d 
nurse in att^^ndance ; t-urry every day. Estates carefully select-ed, 
su|»ervised and planted, capital provided, i>rofit8 guaranteed ! No 
risks ! Apply to the Secretary, Planters' Benevolent Association, 

Kuala Lumpur, Selaugor,** 

I am, etc., A Selfish Pjuantke. 

Su. 9— Vol. Y.—6th Janrntrf. 1897. 


THE Ctirigtm&d and Hew Ttsr Holid&jrn paused over very quietly 
in KuaLi Lunifur. On tb^SSSlb ttien? wbii a very welKatteiided 
and enjoyatik* djioac at tlir Sc4an^r Cluh. Tlie tftaj^e, tetii(>o* 
rarily iMrwjted for the perfomumoe of the burlesque, rather curtailed the 
daaeiiig ir|iii4M\ and didti*t itupruve the vf^ntilntioti ; but, arranged with 
chairs aud wuche**. it made a comfortable, it rather warm, plaee from 
which to view tb»* ilancing. The floor vra« eitvUeot, the decorations 
pretty, the tee creamn refrt.^hing, the tMJUp sind sandwiches v^ry 
gmieItU, and. altogether. Mr. Bhgh's arrangcineiiU much to be 

TuEBE was not a muud of w?velry by night al the Residency at 
Cbrlstmas. the Kesident and Mrm. and Mian Bodger l^*ing away 
round the coast. On Kew Yoir's Bights however* Un* Bodger, after 
entenaiiiiag a I-arg*- i<^rt ' ix^r, hrld an •'At Home/* at which a 

number of her triLU-U ^ -I Up wwh her a Happy New Year, 

The drawing ixiom was deaned and <iimfing was kept up xmtil a little 
after midnight. 

Fbom variotis ac4x»ants CfcriiiMM was 6bmsrwei quit4? in accord* 
ance with aucteDt eiutom at mmni of th« otlt-^slmtioiis. There wore 
fair gatherings at Kajaog, at Scrnkhli^ at Tma|oiig Ualiin* at Klang, 
and of the larg^ nssemMy at Koila Sdaiigor tliei« b a pafagraph 

eliK* where. 

The attendance at th« CfaBidhfl^ U St. Jolm's an ChnsUnui Eve 
i at SL Mary's on ChriirtMia mormg^ wm v^iy full. The laUer 
WM made pretty with flotBl juiwifciy*, tim WimihB and erodes 
being ver} effectm4y tsttfe nd ■nwapii. Mn. JiwMi wm iMisled 
in the decuntiim by Mn. Watlms^ Mfi. Wskfc* Mm TauuBg ud 

Kuala Lmvpar for Up» 4 

AsMftir m4 jf r. E. WmmA sisjcd is 

'Itm^ 4sf« la<st w«iA «;« ttcrr wvy Cms 

If^ v w t^^^ ^ ii^ Kirtit* Tnidtftg 

^jiP^lMi Iffjm wm im Xiaala 



Biggs, mn of tliu Rev. L. C. Biggs* Colomal Cbaplain, Pt-uaii^, is at 

present assiBting Mr. Rahaon on our daily paper.- -Mr. A. C, Haii^er 

ruliirncKl to Kuala Luuipiir, after a slaort vacation, on New Year*s Day, 

-Mrs. Ri<l|Li:os left nn the 24th ult.— hythe same tniiii that cametl 

away Mr. anil Mrs. Highet— for a trip to Hon^^kong, We are sorry 

to hear that I\er health of late has not been good, Mi*. Kearn^, 

a Sumatra planter, has l>een placed in eharge of the Batu Coffee 

Estate. He arrived on the 27th aecompanied by Mrs. KearuB, 

We hear that Mr» Walter » Harbour Master, Klang, who is also 
aeting as Assistant District Officer, is g^ing on leave, and that Mr, 

Edruiinda, tiow at Serendah, will act for him. The arrival c»f Major 

Pearse will mean the opening movements for the establishment of the 

Kuala Selaoj^or Coeonut Plantations and Factory,- Mrs. Gibson, of 

KJang, is leaving for Ceylon. 

On the 2nd another l>a liquet in connection with the recent 
marriage of th* late Towkay Yap Ah Loy's son with the htto Towkay 
Ah Yeok's daughter, was given at Mr«. Ah Yeok's garden bouse on 
the Ampang Road. A representative company sat down to an excel- 
lent dinner; the only toasts of the evening wei*e "The Host" and 
" The Bride/' proposed by Ca plain Syers and Mr. Justice Jackson, 
respectively. The eompany did not nse from table mitil after 11 p.m., 
when the band played some dance musit^ in the adjoining residence of 
Mrs. Ah Yeok. Invitations to dinner were also issued for the 
evenings of the 3rd and 4th, 

The cricket match, Perak r. Singapore, played at Taiping during 
the Christmas holidays, residted iu a victory for the former, the scorea 
being — Pemk, KlGand 107; Singapore, ^♦O and 82. Tlie highest scon? 
in the match, (>7i was made by J* Huglies, of Perak. In billiards and 
golf Pemk was also vietoiious, Singapore coming off best at lawn 

The death of Mr. McGowan, in the General Hospital on tlie 28tli 
ult., was a very sad thing, the deceased being quit-e a young man, and 
one who, during the two years that he had been in the service, had 
earned the resiicct and fri« udship of a large number of jieople. The 
temporary transfer of Mr. McGowau's valuable services to the Pahang 
Trunk Road construction, as Assistant Engineer, bad already been 
approved at the time when he was incapacitated by the illness which 
has prove«l fatal "JIjc late Mr. McGowan, a Surveyor in the P.WJ)., 
was a member of the 8.F.B,, and the honour of a fireman's funeral 
was accorded his I'emains, 



It ham bL*eti di-finitelr decided that the Strt© iIiiqnT Mi^moriiU 
•Imll tjikc th9 form of u PuMir Fu uii latu ; Uu* itite most lUcelv beiii^ | 
in Old Market Stiuanv Su 1 ^Hcrifit ion » in hjM of th»' \m^ynj\ will Iw j 
n-^vi^ed hj Mr* H. C. Eid^ew^. Bon, Trrtwurer U* the FunJ ; l>y the 
Editor of the Mala^ Mali; and hy the Sdamj^jr JournaL All «tib- 
itcriptiotis will lie dtily iAf*knowk-dgfi?d Id cimJi pajxT. The Conmiittee 
uit'ct tci-uight iit ihf Scluugor C1ul>* 

At m metsiin^ of the 8juutiritaii Societr, held at tlie Qirl«' School 
im Monday last* there W£i» efmuided what wo feiir will 1)4* the dimth 
knell of that uistitutiou. From thu n^port we i,five of tht? pn»riM»diiigw, 
on tiuolher pa^o^ it will be ieen that the liaud uf ludiei), witJi Mn*. 
U^idger at its hiW. who have work^td m hard In Itrin^ alKKit a i(y»t«Bl 
id ruutaat support and a*rfii«taace in tiiiie of sickueiia* have not met 
witli that aiipjKjrt. which their earnest endeavours bo well deserved, and 
however une uiav rt^^ret it, one cun m-arcfly w»mder that all thf fwiiit 
*>fticers decline*! re*election. The Soci«'ty lias ilone iimch jj^ood during' 
its short exifit^^nce, and wo had hopeJ tlmt tht-ro wai* a luu^ Lare**r 
of u»efulnej«8 in store for it. We can only deplore the falling ottf that 
ha« takt?n place, and hope that the *' Nursing Fund '* will Ik* found to 
Ue a suitable siibntitiite. 

To-MOEjtow night will witness the tirgt [»erfornumce of "Botn- 
basteB-up.tu-Date/' de«criU'd on Ihv jtrogramme aa ** an unoriginal 
but Tory romantie atrodtv.** The prusi^ect of a urowdod hotii»e is 
asiiured, Ijocaiise all the seats have been takon ; and, as it i 8 nut liktdy 
that the au<]iou«v will be eitlier ea[>tiouft ur critical, the chaucet* of 
the " Fly-by-Night« ** scoring a decided jiuccess can be looked for with 
equal tHTtainty. The amount of latent liiHtrionic talent that haw been 
bruught to the eurface bj the gentleman who is deseribed as Iho 
" ]>eri»etrsitvijr td' tla* atrocity" i« only less astounding than the versji- 
tility of the performers, who a8BUine sui^k or buskin with tiu equal a 
facility that even a discriminating audience wull sometimes be at a 
loss to determine which emblem they have donnet^L We understand 
that the " author '* has already received Tatw^' than one threatening' 
letter from indignant *' supers ** for not having even a line, but 
" The Btjak '* is of a cautious nature and chies not think it advisable 
to try too far even a Kuala Lumpur audience. One last injunction ; 
We wotdd warn our readers against placing a Bcriiji of reliance t>n the 
" Opinions of the Press " which have appeared in the ativertising 
columns of the Malay Mail. 

Wow that the New Year lias brought new votes, and the rain hat 
abased, it is just i>ossible that the i>auitary Board of Kuala Lumpur 



T^vill l)e ul)le to supply lamps for, and to re-gmvel, the path up the 
hill from the Club U:> the BaiTaeks. The state of the tiuek is simply 
disgraceful ; tin* heavy raina have worn the sides away, have uiade 
hirge holes in the eentre of what retnaius, aud the darkness renders it 
absolutely inipo86il>le to walk with any degree of safety, if a pedes- 
trian broke his ankle through Blip^^in^ into one of these boles we 
certainly tliink the authorities should l»e held liable. It is a public 
j>ath, and should be upkept in a proper manner. Durin^^ the ivccnt 
rain when the surface of the ti-ack was slopjjy, Blippory clay* all 
the gravel having been washed off, we more than once felt (although 
we are not particularly vindictive) with what joy we would have 
8t^>o<l on the summit of the hill and watched a processittn j^oing down 
of all the members of the B«»ard, headed l»y the Chairman with the 
Seeretary and Engineer hringin;^ ujj the rear. We would have been 
quite content that they should have had the benefit of daylight : to 
have sent them down at night-time would have amounted tA) culpable 
homicide. Poor old dears ! 

It is kigh time that something was done to put a stop to the 
begging va^-anta who pester householders. The ordinary tramp who 
worries us at home in Europe is not often a pleasant object to gaze on, 
but he is sweet and wholesome compared to the poor wretches who 
are allowed to f,'o aliout liegging here iu twos and threes; men who 
present a loathsome and disgusting sight from the effects of leprosy. 
Woe lo the imwary householder who once throws a few cents into the 
tin platter with which they solicit alms. For succeeding days the 
toelesB or fingerless object will dump down in the doon*'ay, and 
EUisume quite an aggressive air when he is ordered off. The police 
might see to this, 

A CiEcus has been giving i»erformances in the town during the 
holidays. It is the same company that opened here this time last 
year, and they have pretty much the same programme, excepting the 
addition of some performing ponies, monkeys and dogs. The bicycle 
act is about the best thing in the show. 

We ai-e glad to hear tliat the project of cutting up the Parade 
Ground by a path running from the new Government Offices to the 
Club has been abandoned. The re-arrangement, raising and drainage, 
of the cricket and football grounds will soon be taken in hand ; in 
the meantime the lawn-tennis courts will most likely l>e utilised as a 
pitch for the practise oiu* local cricketers will require to buck them up 
for their visit to Singapore at Chinese New Year. It is intt-nded, we 
believe^ when the alteration and extension to the Club verandah have 



en carried out to have lawn-tennifi couHs laid out in front of tbe 
Club: one merit of this plan ifi that the I'lulding will form a very 
welcome shade from the afternoon sun. 

Chbistmas at Kuala Solant^or was cehdjrat-etl by Athletic and 
Marine Sports, "in honour of Mr. W. D. 8cott,*' vide pro^amme. 
Commencing on Thurfiday, the 24th December* with a Re^iita at 
Jerara^ which int*Juded a four-i)ari*d race for Government stution boats ; 
Penghubus' Ixmt race, the Penghulus furnishing their own Ixm-ls and 
crews of six men ; rac^ for sampau kotabs ; sailing race for Chinese 
tampans; a swimming race ; saibng nice for sampans Jt*ium ; and 
sailing race for Government station boats. Six boats competed in 
this last race, and as Mr. Sci>tt iq tbe Etiid got tjiem into line about 
two miles out and started them, all the aails going u[> together, they 
formed an exceedingly pretty ^ight. It was a good race and was won 
by the Bemam boat with a small margin, the others close up. 
Swarming a greasy poh^ projecting from a tongkang was the last event 
and created no end of fun ; about a dozen Miilays swam out to the 
tongkang and clambereil in, and as eiu^h essayed, more or less suress- 
fuUy, to walk the po!e and was pitched headlong into the sea he was 
greeted with shouts of laughter. It was sometime l>efore their efforts 
to secure tlic flag fixed on the end were sucessfub but at length one of 
the cony[H'titors secured ihe prize of ^3. There was to have l»een a 
dug-outraccfor European 8* for three prizes value 10 eents^ 5 cents and 
1 cent. The competitors were all ready and eager for this race^ but 
the dug-outs were not fortbanuing^ so it bad ti» U* abandoned. 
A]tO|4ether» it was a most successful days' sport. 

On Christmas Day Athletic Sports Wf re held on the football field 
at Kuala Selangor, and here also there was a long programme of 17 
events, including biscuit eating; boys' races; three- letrged and sack 
races ; egg and spoon races; hurdle raees ; sehoolboys races, iu which 
each boy had to do a rather difficult sum while running; high jump| 
long j»imp; a race in whidi each competitor bad to carry on bis heact 
a chatty full of water; tug-of-war and a greatly pole. The Edmemld^i 
arrived at Kuala Selangtu* while the sports were in progress, and the 
Resident, Mrs. and Miss Rodger and Mr. Stonor came on tbe groimd 
and witnes-sed some of the contests. It is pleasing to see with what 
spirit the natives enter into what we call English sports, under such 
an enthui^iastic and popular leiuler as Mr. W. D. Scott, ably seconded 
on this occasion by Mr. Dickson and Mr. Charter ; tbe interest never 
flagged find good humour reigned throughout. There is no reason why 
these land and sea sports sliouki ni^t be nuide an aunual fixture in 
Kuala Selangor. 



The coneludjjig portion of the "Notes on Coffee Planting** is 
given in this numlxT. In our next we hope to give aketeh plans t>f 
the Bungalow and Sture referred to in the articles. 


A GENERAL Meeting of the menibera of the Kuala Lumpur 
SaDiaritan Society was held at the Girls* School, Brickfields 
Road, on Moutlav. the 4th inst., at b p;m. There was not a 
large attendance, some fifteen ladies and two or three geutlemen 
being present, the former including Mrs. Rodgi^r, President of the 
Society; Mrs. Syers, Hon. Secretary and Ti'easui'er; Mrs. Haines, 
Mrs. Stafford aud Mrs. Watkins, mendiers of Committee; Mrs. 
Chartn.»s, Mrs. Bartholoineusz, Mrs. O'Hara, Mrs. Travers, Mrs. Wilson, 
and others. The Rev. F. W* Haines was in the elinir, and in thi* course 
c^f his reuiarka said that the Saiuarilan Society having l>een in existence 
for a 3 ear now called its annual meeting* The Committee, a baud of 
hard-workiug ladies, had given much valuable time to the work, and 
had done their best to relieve any case of sickness that had come to 
their notice, and the warmest thauks of all were due to them. 
If ihe Society had not been a wuccess, it must be due to the faet 
that the need was not so ^reat a one as was supposed by those who 
devoted themselves to starting' the Society. He had actually to record 
47 resignations, and amongst them were those whom it was hojK'd 
particularly to benefit. This shois^ed practically that the good people <ȣ 
Kuala Lumpur were so well off that they could afFta*d to l)e indepen. 
dent of lielp in time of sickness, and Ijc (the s|»eaker) <*ongratidated 
them. Upon looking over the rules of tlie Society he found that a 
subscription of only 25 cents a month enabled anyone to claim the 
services of an experien<'4!d niirsi* at a merely nominal rate ; for a 
confinemcDt case only $10 was charged as against i»ften ^lUO. One 
would think sucli a Society would ha^e met with a warm welcome in 
our midst, but he was sorry to say that this had not be<?u ihe case. 
After giving the Samaritan Society a fair trial fur a year, it was only 
a proof that the work so ungmdgiiigly given was not w^eleomed and the 
time, tnmbie and energy expended had lK*en ahnost thrown away. 
Mrs. Rodger, the President, Mrs. Har]>er, fur some months Heei-etary* 
and Mrs. Syers, as Huu. Secretary and Treasurer, had tried their utmost. 
But ahhough these kdies might imagine that they had worked in vain. 
the merit of their work did not stand on the suocess or failure of the 
Society. There was a balance of $389 in the bank : the present 
monthly income was only ?58, while the ex]>ease8, including salary of 
the professional nurse, bouse allowance, etc., amounted to $100. 
The Society, therefore, could nt»t go on unless it met with better 
suppoH, and he trusted that some of those present would s|Hfak 
on the question. 

The fuUowing letter from a memlier of Committee was reail : 
*' I only want to say a few words. It is for the general pulilic to say 
whethiT they hke to be helped ai» we the Committee of tlie Baiiiaritau 



Society for 1896 have tried to help. It is obvious that in a comninnity 
like that of Kuahi Linnpur or any similar jjlaco, where, however 
beyond noivl the outward seeming may l»f% there exists always the 
fsertainty that a 8tt?4idy demiind cm tlie \nnst* would mean in nearly 
every ease an uubearahle strain, that to provide good uursinj^ at a 
moderate eost is almost a necessity. The prices eharf^ed by trained 
nurses here are too hi^rh and everyone of us would feel it hard and 
difficult to pay some 830 a week for several weeks. And so it seemed 
to me, and stDl seems to me^ that we ou^ht to try to help one another 
in this matter. Bear ye one another* i? Irurdoos and so fulfil the 
law of Christ. At the same time, one can be neither blind to the 
manner in which the nursing jirojeet has been recta ved, nor deaf to 
the unworthy remarks which have been made. Such, for iustance, as 

* We are quite able to get a nurse for ourselves if we need one/ 

• We don*t want charity/ and bo fcirtli, the thinkers of such tliou^hts 
cjuite for^ettiu^ that it is not charity Imt cu-oiK»rati*)n only wliich is 
suggested and required, the iM-'uefits of which will be ojjeu to alb— 
from the richest to the poorest. But in the face of 47 resij^nations 
and reduced monthly income of alxmt half the m*>ntbly cxpeuditure. 
WG see no course open to us except that of resigning our positions 
as President, Treasurer, SecreUiry and Ooiumittee of the Society/' 

Dr, Travers, aft*T reading' a letter from Dr. Welch, in which it was 
urged that the memlxTs of the Society should iiave an opportunity of 
electing the Committee, referred to the finuiicial state of the Society, 
and showed how the present income was not aide to meet the 
expenditure connect^-d with the nurse, and that it would be im[»o8sible 
in the future, unless tlie Soeietv was more heurtily supjiortiHl, to 
jpply medical comforts. An additional drawba^-k had bwu that 
aembers had in some cases employed an outside nurse instead of the 
"one en^ged by tlie Socit^tv, whost' sidary had l>een guaranteed and 
had to Ul* paid. He was of opinion that it was impossible to run the 
Society on its origiual lines, but Vjefore proposing any alteration, he 
hoped that some of the meuiliers present would favour the meeting 
with their views. 

In the absence of any other speakers, the following resolution, pro- 
posed by l>r. Tiuvers, was carrifnl ; " That the )?3B9 standing to the 
credit of the Samaritan Society be transferi'ed to a Nursing Fund ; 
that the object of the fund shall l>e to defray half the expenses of any 
nurse engagt^d by members; that no special nurse t»e letained by tlie 
fund : that the subscriittion shall range from ^S to 812 per annum, 
payable in advance." 

The next business was the election of a Committ^?e. Mrs. Rodger, 
on behalf uf herself and the out-goinj^' officers of the Society, declined 
re-election; and said the new Committee, who would have to arrauge 
the details for carrying on the Nursing Fund, must guard agaiUHt who took advautage of the Society's assistance while ill, but 
resigned so soon as health was restored, and suggested that member- 
ship should l)e for some guaranteed period. 

The lmlls>t for a new Committee result i^d in tlie election of Mrs. 
Bartholomeusz, Mrs, Harper and Mrs, Wilson. 



Dr. Travers propoied a lieartj vote of tlianks to Mrs. Rodger and 
tho offiiiers for tbe past year, especially nientioniug Mrs. Syera and 
Mrs. Har|>er^ for the streiiuous efforts they had made on behalf of the 
Society ; the work of the yt'n.r h;id bi*en oo light task, the books and 
accounts of the Society hud l>een kept io a most biisineBs-like manner, 
and the general supervision bad liecn exeencnt, 

A vote of thanks to the Chairman terminated the meeting. 


THE following reports and «|)eeche8 delivered at the distribution 
of prizeB at the al>ovc Institution were too late for insertion in 
our luRt iKsne : 
The HeadmaBter in tbe eourfie of hts rejtort alliide<l to the con- 
tinued inerease in the uuniWrii of the RehiH>r Comparing the average 
number un the register with thotsi- for 1895, there had l)een an 
increase of 6*5 hays, with an increase abo in the percinitagi* of 
attendance. Heferring to the Government inft|!ection he menti*>ned 
that each }}oy had been examined in every Bul>ject, and that tbe 
Insfjector had devoted more than a week to the work. He wa« 
especially pleased to Lie aljle to tell them that the three essential 
elementary subjects had actually gained by the introduction of such 
new subjeets in the lower forms as geography, elementar}^ science and 
recitation. The |>ercentagt> of passes all round had risen from 86 in 
the previous year to 98. An increase in the staff had enabled him to 
pay much more attention to the lower forms ; now, at least every two 
months, the w^ork of each Ih\v in every subject came under his especial 
notice, and he could see what progress was being made. Record l:M>()ks 
of the examinations were kept, so that it was possible, not only for the 
Iiisjjector, but even for a stranger, to make a fairly aceurate estimate 
of the state of any class at any time in tbe year, T\wy luid been iV»r- 
tunate in receiving the services of Mr, H, C. Ridges, lately appoint I'd 
a Trustee of the Institution, as examiner for the Treacher Schularshiji 
and the Resident's Mtnial The tipper f*>rms were at present ccmijiitsed 
for the most [»art of boys who had not l>een through the school, \Mij8 
who had come compai^atively lately, and whor» for various reasons 
it was inadvisable to place in lower forms. Many of these l>oys had 
left in the past to join the i4overnment service, but he could not say 
that they had supplied <me boy who had aetually been educated at the 
Institution. He hoj^ed that employers would always insist upon the 
production of a lioy's leaving certificate l>ef ore giving him employment. 
He looked forward in the next two years to having a larger number of 
scholarship candidates who were really representatives of the school, 
Imt it was satisfa^-tory t-o find that the two boys who had come out 
first and second, respectively, in thi^ yearns examination were two who 
had actually been longer in tbe school than anyone else, Clian Sze 
pong aud Chan 8ze Kiong. There had been steady progress in the 
develo|iment of the srl^xd throughout, althoiigli he eould not say 
that any lirilliant results Lad Ijeen obtained. H.E. the Governor 



ttpd them last year that they were nowhere near p*erfectioii au<l 
would ueyer reach it ; they had anyway taken a few steps in advance 
and he waH not ditjappointed. He wished to thank the present staff 
for their ch*.^erf 111 c<voperation and their eonacientio us work throughout 
the year, As il: was now proposed to make a largt? addition to the 
school accommodatiou, he liof>ed that it would be possible to carry ont 
the sujfgestion of the Pivsident hist year that a gymnasium should be 
formed, He understood that the educational authorities at Singafiore 
had at last arranged to establish a centre there for tlie Cambridge 
Loctd Examinations. Although it would be a difficult matter to send 
hoys to Singapore to be examined, he would certaiuly do his l>est to 
take advantage of the movement, and ho(>ed in time to have a ftuJlicient 
ntiml^r of ean^lidates to establish a centre in Kuala Lumpur. He 
contended by thanking the Trustees for the cordial support thuy had 
given him in the paftt aud for the lively interest they had shown m the 
work of the sehooh an interest whieh, he was sure, bad enei>nraged all 
uii'm tiers of the st*ifF to do tlieir be»t, 

Tbe Kev, F. W, Haines, the Inspector of Schools, then read his 
report* whieb was brietly as follows :— First let me congi'atu late, not 
only the Headmaster but his staff olf hard-working assistants* on the 
high percentage of atteudau(.e throughout the year ; and this regular 
attendance* let me remind yon. is due to the internal attmetiveness of 
the school and the interest taken by the teachers. In a word, the 
Victoria Institution is popular. Teanhing is imparted in the pleasan- 
ieiit way possible; boys are not forced iuto unnatural grooves but have 
everv chance of shining in the sulijects they are lit ted for. I have 
lately examined 187 boys prej^enfcd ; last year I exainiaed 152. I do 
not lielieve in examining l»y sauiple luul on this occasion eaeh Wy'g 
work piiBsed in review befort^ uif. With tht* discipline and methods 
of teaching em]>loyed in the school I am t'uliy satistied. and thi8 has 
lie<?n tested not uuly by an annual exanuuatiou for a grant from 
Government but by several surprise visits during the year* I 
commend the Headiiiast^^r's custom of periodieally examining alt 
standards, and I trust the antliipated arrival of an assistant 
European master will euatile him to devote more attention to this. It 
is the l)efft possil>Ie way <*f stimulating the form teaeher and en- 
couraging bis si^holars. All young tefichers need trainings most of 
them don't know how to miike a i>roper use of their voice and have a 
very enide idea of teaching l>y "questioning.'* 

Theexamiuation h^tely held proved that the elementary^ subjects 
had not been negl eted, although the eurriculum had l)een supple- 
mented by the additi<m of RceitatiiUi and English Geograifhy and 
Science as class sul>]ivts. 1 was particnkrly jdeased with the 
Recitation in the higher standards; in the lower standards I should 
Hke to see the meaning more fairly grasped. Geogra]diy is now 
taught throughout the the sehooh I think the subject might l^e miule 
more interesting to lieginners by object lessons by modelling in clay 
and sjind and thu.'* sliowiiig i\w eliief physieal features of land and 
water. In a sihool of so many Dationitlities, it will always be a 
master's chief diffieulty teaching the art of writing Queen's English in 



well-formed sliort sentences. I foimd two or three of the seventh 
atandard boys had j^reatly improved iu comix>sitioii aud some of the 
answers given to the questions set in History were ert^ditably written* 
Two boys passed in Algebra; the EiKiid papers were fairly done. The 
knowledge shown by the majority of those examined in ihe little text 
book dealing with the Stuart, period of English History proved that 
the subject had been made an interesting one and had been studied* 
The total number of passes possible were 1,3 16, of these 1»21@ were 
gained, giving the high precentag« of 93. 

The Examiner then read the following report: — 

Grentlemen,— I have the honour to report on the Treacher Seholar- 
ship and Resident's Modal Exuniiuation, I89tj, and to add a remark or 

For the first time Kuala Lumpur boys, who but for your exeellent 
foundation would. I understand, have lxH?n sent to Sarawak for their 
education, have had th(! honour of winning l>oth these distinctions. 
The new Scholar is Chan Sz Kioug. and the McdaUist — that is, the 
!iea*l of the scbool—^^is his youmjer brother Chan Bz Pong, who won 
the Sebolarehip last year. 

Seven other caDdithites sent up papers. The work of two of these 
marks them out as the *' favourites ** for the Scholarships of 1897 and 

The Governors and patrons of a school look to their e^amiufra for 
a faithful and qualified judgment as to its stauding. The examiner 
issue his lists ; the masters know the '* iuterprt'tation thereof,*' The 
parents want to, but don't. I will It-ll them something alx>nt mine. 
Of the nine candidates five were, no doubt, sent in by the Headmasti*r 
because examination is an ordeal of value to the pupil, although lie 
knew that they would ajji>ear at the tail end of the lists and much 
lower his " average/' * It will be fair, therefore, to reftT B]MM*iaUy 
to the three best boys. They are under sixteen, the age limit of 
the Oxford and Cambridge examination for juniors. I have every 
confidence in saying that the work of Chan Sz Pong would have 
placed him on the honour.^ list as a junior, and that he bids fair to be 
al>le to render a very good aeeouni of himself as au **Oxfunl Senior** 
at the ugc of seventeen, and this would give him ihe honourable 
distinction of writing after his name ** Associate of Arts (Oxfortl)/' 
a title, you will Ije interested to learn, tliat has received the impri- 
matur of the Sehntfor Oovenimf7it (hizetif^. We shall not need to 
import our next A. A. from Hongkong. The work of the second and 
third boys, Chan Sz Kiong and Thambipillay, would have pasiftd them 
as juniors. 

Now these statements amount t^> a very great deal m(»re than 
appears at first sighl ; for English is essentially a foreign language 
to the boys in question, while I have enabled' you to K^ugo their 

• Out of a total of 960 tho marks obtained were|:— 

739, 650. 5N1 : 371 . 369, 36i. :H1. 287, 2S0 





work wlien placed literally in the scales on a pur with that of 
Home ** Centres." I oougratulat^^ your Headmaater on the excellent 
reenU of his ov^n and his preiiecessors' lalxmrs. And this k^ad« me to 
the one piece <:if advire that I have to give. I want you to emjihasise 
the need of paying much attention to, and in these prizes giving more 
credit for, conversation in the Englieh language. It should be made 
what 18 called n preUininnnf with an increasingly high pass standard, 
and I wish to inipress it upon the Asiatic Ijoye an likely to be the fatal 
guhject for them at a real University Local Examination, as tht^ 
Pn^siding Examiner can make no allowance for the fact that English 
18 not tlieir mother tongue. Hence to them the great value of the 
A.A. *• degree" (as I have heard it calltHl here). 

For your information let me say t)iat an actual Junior Cambridge 
arithmetic paper, and an actiuil Junit>r Oxford grammar paper were 
given by me; and that, an, last year, the following subject g were also 
representee!, Euclid and Algebra, Britisli History and Geography, 
English Literature l including Recitation) and Natural S^'ience, 
S^mrcely a single question set wholly bafflt^d all the caudidat-eH, al- 
though only the bott mi boy, in tlie exaini nation, Mailvaganaiu, solved 
the last prol>lem in the arithmetic j»aper, and two easy Euclid riders 
were rarely attempted, and in no ease succeHmdly. 

I find that mathematics is the woaketit avd^ject offered, but 1 feel 
sure that if the masters will heed my warning as to the danger of 
neglecting eoHreraotitjUy mathematics will soon bectmie the strongest 
snbjeet, as it should V»e; for you want a Victoria Institution Exhibi- 
tioner to be an efticient English si>eaker and a good baud at figures. 

The Trca<her Scholarship opened a new era to Selangor boys. T 
i^ a long way d<»wn the alphabet. It ha 8 already attractr«d an K to its 
ftide in the ** Rodger Medal ; " are there no tither letters forthooniingr' 
"H" natiu'ally suggcr^ts itself as the nearest to the *' R" and the ** T," 
"Maxwell S^diolar," too, woidd sound familiar. Allow me to remind 
you, gentlianen, that the great increase in the nuoilM«r of your pupils 
warrants and shoiild earn the eslablisbment of additional bursaries, if 
the beginning already made is to l>e worthily followed up. 

It is a noble way in which to link the futvire of Selangor with its 
past, and tu jx'rpetuate the names of the men who " have deserved 
well of the state/' In tbt' Colony, Mr, Tun Jiak Kim has recently 
befjueathed his name to the Raiiles Institution by endowing a 
scholarship thereat in his own name, and we have a former '* Gottlieb'* 
Scholar from Penaug in the Selangor tTovernment Service. I hope 
the Trustees will make atrenuouH efforts in the direction I have 

You will. I urge, iit least want a new scholarship to inaugunite 
the new buildings about to be erected as a necessary extension to your 
srhool^ and I am sure that a *' Victoria ^Scholarship," to be opi*n only 
to out-going Treaclier Scholars or other exhibitioners of this school 
and tenable for tour years at this or some other approved seat of 
learning, will commend itself to your notice as a most tilting means 
of commemorating the year 1897, the sixtieth year of her Majesty^s 
reign, in tlie aunnls of the Victoria IiiBtitution. 



Ib tomhmoMk, I kafe m aa^^m thsl in fotm^ th& 

I tie CT»wwgr ihnnM dgp sciiolAniu|i fiau, af tkm m ibe onfr 
vmy, villi dn^p^g aaaoaRi^ m whiA to WMntoin a proper com- 
fumiiTt cUadftni, and aa deeliott flfaonM be nade of ma iBLfimDr 
candidate.— H. C Simb, »i, TViairy CoOefi^ GniM%. 

Mr. B^)^er Oka adJwatd the neetiag. fle kid been nndi 
mteroiied i& tbedeftaOaef tbemvkof ttieadKkal gtv« bytbememoi 
■peaken. He regTC t led tbcre were onl j two MakTi aiaong uie psias 
wianen. He bioped tbal Malay bors vovld take'oMire adfaalage of 
tbe idiool IB fiatiire and tbat Mr. Slbaw't a o aa e wbat pcMJiaiitir www 
on tbk point would not be imKaftd. la a auaote opoii ooe of bis 
(Mr. Bodger^s) aamial repdrlB» ia a leeent de^Bldi, the Secretair of 
Stale drew ip^ciai attentioii to the adriaabOitj of offnia^ sdiolarshipe 
to prcoauato^ Malaj boja from tbe Temaeulfei' aAooIa : we Engllsli 
wefe the tnaattta of the Malays and miut do €iaT best to detelop their 
apphcatkni and iadi]af:rT. With reSereoee to Cbiaew edocatioii* he 
Mid he must remind tbem that that was abeadj w^ eatablisbed in 
duaa and that therefoK the aptitude for leanuag of the Makjs and 
the Chinese could not be coaifiared. He bad read fe<oentlT ao eiceUenl 
work on Chinese CkaraeUritiiet in whi^^h was quoted a remarkable stony 
of a typical stndeQt held up as ao eiample to alt posteritj in the 
Chinese eehoolbovs' first hornbook^ who studied by tht* light of the 
firefly, and of another who fixed his primer to the fioms of the cow he 
was tending^. 

He would like to saj a word about special subjects and would 
advise tbem not to take up too many, but to try %^ do a few well. 
He thought that the result of the Tr«M:rher Scholarship was excellent, 
aod perhaps thev had not sufficiently thanked Mr. Rid^rea for his 
trouble. He had undi.*rtakeD the whole examination^ whereas three 
examiners were engaged in the task last year, Mr, Bidp^s* with 
his eneycluj>fiedic knowledge, proyed capable of eoodacting the whole 
examination. He would point out that the two most distiuguisbed boys 
were instances of our earlier efforts to teach English before ever the 
Victoria Institution was thought of. This year a new code had been 
drawn up with much care and abihty by Mr. Shaw, and although it 
ha^l not yet been fully sanciiDned, it had been in use throughout the 
jear, and he ho|*ed that before they met again next year, and he 
trusted they would all meet again, the code would l)e adopted in its 
entir*fty, ft« mul he must also mention that the Girls* School, 
reoently f)rKTn<'tl, Wft4 supplying a want that was much felt and hoped 
ii would Im* nM t^\ivA'A*m%Un fis the Victoria Institute. He had recently 
prcHidt*d at a simiUr gi4lh*»ring of the girls, and he had noted witi 
*'" "'<t thi* H<^Jifl Mistress proposed to teach domestic 
H»» wlrongk urged the necessity for sume sort of 
' "Od iimtatici.'d how the children of the German 

I I h* I'lK'h tJi l*^ani some trade. It had not yet been 
ro^^'riiniHj ttiat the Grant shouhl depend on the general 
of I lie pufnlff. liUt next year this relic of eonseryaiism 

much pi*' 

i'cononiy i 
technical « i 
Emjj<?ror ai* 
■ufficieatJy n 

would hav*' djHa[>peur«'d and the same system would l>e in force here 
as in England, 





'P) ESIDES the uiany aecomplislimeTits whiL'h it i^kutc^r Biust poBB«?S8 

IJ to make the cultivation of coffee a well-pa\ ing fonteru and a 

J success, he has to depend to a great extent upoo circumstances 

^ which are entirely beyoud Ids control. 

The selection of the soil may be his own (even the nchest of soil 
requires all the planter's skill and care after a couple of years), but 
he ean*t rule the weather. Neither can he comuiand the Govem- 
nieDt to render him such assistance and e neoura piemen t as he may 
think are necessary to make his entcqirise a success. Of course, 
haTin^ like a t*arefiil planter selected hia owu land* he will not start 
planting: in a district where the Governor, or the Resident, or the 
District Officer throws obstacles in his way ; but Governors, Residents, 
and District Officers don't stay for ever in the same jdace, and in the 
last few years we have seen several different Govornors and new 
Residents, and, aa far as the Distric^t Officers are concerned, they seem 
to have lH*cn changed almost evei^ week. 

It Ims often !>een a puzisle to me how a district or a State can 
flourish where every official, as soon as he l>eg^n8 to know his district 
and the f»eoplt^ a little, is replaced by a new man» fresh to the place, 
and who often distjuguishes himself by reversing everj'thiug his 
predecessor has dune. The si^'cret of the success of the Native States 
must be in the staliility of their inhabitants — that is, mainly the 
planters, and as lon^ as they remain it does not matter how often the 
direction of G*:»verument is placed in fresh hands. 

The interebt of both the Planters and the Government go hand-in- 
hand, and where the Govei-nment find it to their interest to encourage 
and to assist the planter, they do it. Be it therefore said, the Govern- 
ment of Selangor and others of the Malay Peniusala consider it to 
their interest to encourage planting, and they have always done so j in 
days gone by they have given great finam ial assistance to planters, 
and have, I believe, in many cases experienced some difficulty in 
recovering their capital or even interest. Yet the planters are not 
satisfied, but are always at loggerheads with the Govemmeut. It is 
the same everywhere. 

But in justice to our Government let it be acknowledged that it 
is a fair» just and lil)eral Government — a model GoYernment, com* 

Sired with others. In Sumatra, for iuslance. the plant.ers are under 
utch Government, which draws millions of dollars of revenue out of 
the count n>'' and the planters ; but the Government does nothing, and 
has done nothing, for either. 

Here we have good roads, gtx>d courts, police and every protection ; 
transfer of land or other transactions are effected without any delay ; 
you can meet the Govern ineut officials in tlieir offices during business 
houi's ; Government has provided a Rest House in every district, and if 
a planter wants to s<ie his District Officer, he need not be afraid of having 
to sleep like a beast in a stable, Ciovernment has provided a decently 
furnished Imuse for lnm» and the planter has only to come to find 
e\'erything that is uecessai^ to make him feel comfortable and at home* 



Further, the CTOvernmeiit has proTideii qiudified dresserB and L-erti- 
fied uit'dii'iil mi:n, and in every distriot tbfi*e art' exceUeul lioHj»itiil9, 
wl41 kept ami well raaiiaged. all at the exjit'nse of tha Govern iiieut — 
and ihi^sv a^lvautages the f>lant«r t^*ts for tiofhing, geta it free from a 
Govc'raiiient which as yet ha« not derived any benefit from planting, 
but whieh with wise foresight does all this to attract and encourage 
planters, well knowing that agricultu^'e will open up the laud and that 
any capital sjHmt in encouraging planters to st^tle in the State mil 
not l>e wasted or thrown away, but will ultimately prove a good 
investment and Ix^ar good intt^rest tu (jovernment. 

Government! It is such a nice eitpresbion . it is such a convenient 
word : we say " Government *' in the same way that we say *' Providence '* 
—there in a power, we know it exists and we see the tigures move, but 
the man who pulls the wires sits beliind the scene and is beyond our 
\en. Who and what and where is tliis Government r The Govern- 
ment is the owner of tht^ State, all officials ari^ only tlie &er\'ants of 
that Government I the Government of our little State is under the 
Governor of the Straits SettlemenAfe. but the Governor, S.S.» says he 
can only advise the Government of H.H. the Sultan, and the Governor 
again is only the serv^ant of the Government and gets his orders and 
instructions from *' Home ;" and the G<jverument at home— well, look 
here, I giv^e it uij! If you want to kick the Government, you will lind 
it a very difficult matt-er to locate its body. Therefore, always try the 
other thing; if you want to praise the Government you will never 
have any difficidty in hndiiig one who is willing to take the responei* 
bility upon himself, and if the State has gone ahead and flourishes 
through agriculture — well, the planters have nut done it : it has l:>een 
done through the wise fMjlicy of the Secretary of State, the hlKTal and 
generous governinent of H.E. the Goveruor. the encouragement given 
and sympathy shown to the planti^rs and tact and diplomacy exhibited 
by the Resident, the justice and fairness shown by the District 
Officers, the untiring zeal displayed by the Commissioner of Lands. 
At the same time, let it be understood that the Government consists 
of human beings like ourselves, some of them with moi^e bmins and 
kiis ** frills^' than ourselves, others again with a maximum of *' frills** 
and a minimum of brains : but, on the whole, a lot of unprejudiced, 
fair-minded, honest, straightforward gentlemea ; and I must give 
them the honour, that is due to them, that -whatever they do, they do 
it with an honest int-entiour working bard to the best of their convic- 
tion for the welfare of the Government entrusted to them -but, they 
are weak human beings like ourselves, and they are liable to make 
mistakes. One official will follow one system and another will follow 
another. It is the same with us jdanters, we may work hard for 
yetivn and only find out our mistake when the coffee fails to give us 
the return which we ex^>ected ; we did uur level Wst. but we made 
mistakes because we did not kTiow any better, and thought that what 
we did was the right thing to do. It is so with the Government. One 
Governor will think it a wise policy to give planters as much land as 
I they want on Uberal terms ; another will tinnk it right tliat they should 
only get 32U acres and that they should have to buy it by public 



AiU'tion s*t. ao upset |mr^ luid a premium. One GoTemor will give thf^ 
pl&uter^ iiM^ditjal assist im<?e fret- ; another will forcf them to keep their 
own hospitals, difi^H^iisaries and iloetr^rs. One Governor will carefully 
abfiUiin from interfering between the ]tlauters and their coolies; 
another will pass rules and n^^iUitions for the lietter protection of lK>th 
f»artie» — whether either wautM it i»r not has nothing to do with it» One 
Government official will think that he la there to assist the i>eop1e in 
erery way and cOQHidcr himift/lf in the service of the public; another, 
again, may consider himtwdf the niler of the people, placed there by 
€foTemment and providenct^ t*) repi^esent Royalty and God Almighty 
himself, and to keep us in order and to see that we pay oiir respectg 
and our taxes regularly t^j c»ur Government in heaven and on earth, 
and to watch that nil rights and privileges are reserved for future 
generations, and nothing for the living people, who are 8(i selfish as to 
eH;*.*ct something for theujKolves. 

One official may think it a g»>od policy to give us a voice in matters 
concerning our (»wn inlercHts and the State we live in; another may 
think that it wcmld only lead to ot^nfusiou to gi*ant us any political 
right« (suchdeiminds are only supported by Jameson in the Transvaal) ; 
and so far the result has show^n that, although we have no voice in our 
Govermuent. not even in electing our own municipality or even the 
President of our own Club, the State has gone ahead* and everybody 
tflesems to In* happy and satisfied under the rule and protection of 
Gtjvttriunent, and if planting is not a success in this country, it will 
not he the fault of ''our" Government, which is only too anxious to 
encuurage planters to settle here and to give them every reasonable 


I can well imagine the sigh of relief which my readers will 
give when they have worked through my notes as far as this, 
but let me assure them that it is nothing compared to the relief 
which 1 feel at reaching at the end, and if anybody doubts it let 
liim try something similar himself, I commenced very modestly^ 
**did not consider myself an authority/' *' aware of my own ignorance/* 
and such like phrases, but expecting all the while of courBe to arouse 
the world and make the name of *' Buttonhook *' once and for ever 
famous, and that a grateful people would, to say the least of it, erect 
my statue on the Pai-ade Ground of Kuala Lumpur* 

When I had finished my first three chapters I was very much 
astonished to see how little space so much writing occupied ; but when 
they came bock from the printer, the whole of the three chapters 
on one sheet, I cione to the conclusion that *' book ** writing was 
ratlier slow work and not in my line and that I would rather plant 
coffee. But there is an end to everything, and I am glad to say I have 
now worked myself right up to the end of *' my book.'* Bui I will 
no longer call it a " book," notwithstanding that I aske^l the printer to 
Uie his largest type and leave as n>nch sjiaec as possible between each 
line, something after the style of '^ Malay Sketches " or ** East-coast 
Etchings/' The result, after all, is but the very modest dimensions 
of a Hmall jximphlet. Never mind about the statue, I shall be t^uite 



satisfied now if I and my " book ** at^ left aloue and iii peace. But 1 
am afraid tliat tbis may not l>e tbr end of it; there may be ehallen^es 
and critics and my bttle work may be i/ulied to pieces and I shalJ have 
to take it up again and defend myself. Let me therefore aay to all 
those planters who think they know their biiBiness, I have not been 
writing for you, I have no intention of teaching anyone his business 
who thinks that he knows itah^eady ; I have not written for those who 
langh at the idea that the cost of fellinj^' jimgle eould vary trom ^2 to 
$10 per acre according to it a nature and fjosition ; nor have X written 
for those who, although they are not planters and admit that they 
know nothing whatever about coffee, yet could write much more and 
much better about it ** if tliey only tried." To those, I would quote 
the words which Professor Dr. Seili used to say to us at 8eh<x»l : 
*' Nichts wissen ist keine Schande, aWr nichts wisseo wollen*" I have 
taken this trouble for the amusement of the readers of the Sehitujor 
Journal and tor the sake of th<jBe wdio want to learn something alxmt 
coffe*', and who may Im? m want of some little advice itud not know lo 
whom to turn. What I have dune has Ix^en doue to the Iwst of my 
abilit^y, without fear or intention of hurting anybody's feelings or 
attacking or offending anylwdy. T cannot say if I have eucceeded. 

I must acknowledge my indebtednciifci to a friend for the assistune-e 
he has given me in overcoming many of the d i then 1 ties wliieh J. as a 
foreigner, had to contend with when writing in English, 

Kuala Lumpue, lat Avgtust, I8$i}, H. Hi^ttknbach, 

*♦*«♦♦«♦♦♦«« #*#4m»##« 


[ Wc dtt Hot hold attrmetve* rotponsibltfoi- (fmf opinioH» fj^pre§§9d f»if our Vvrrctpondtnt^'} 

To the Editor of the 8ehin<jor Jou$^naL 

SiE,"The Church Committee desire to iDtimate to those members 
of the congregation who have lately irsponded to their appeal by 
snbscrihing towards the Chaplain's Salary Fund, that since that date 
the Government have notitied that Mr. Haines* services are to l>e 
retained provisionally for a short time longer as Iusi>ector of Schools, 
so that the demiinds on the Fund which necessitated the appeal are 
temporarily jiostponcd. The Committee wish, however, to point out 
that Fimds are urgently required for other purpi>se8, notably for the 
erection of a FarBonage, whereby a monthly expanse of S30 or $40 
would be saved, and they hojie that subscribers will genei*ou8ly allow 
the collection of the amounts j*romiscd as from December 1st, 1896, 
to form a fund for the abi>ve ami other urgent purposes. The 
Committee will be glad if any subscrilM^rs, who object tu this course 
l>eing pursued, will eomniunicale in writing with the undersigned at 
an early date, and in the event of no ol>jeetion being riii^ed they will 
take it for granted that the course proposed is approved, 

H. St. Leoek Pakbons, Hon. ^Vere/ary, Vhurck CommUtcc 

No. 10.— Vol. V.—-^'JinU<.'iiii:irg. m)7. 


/^ EYLON planttTs wore roim'Si'iitt'd :it the sale of .Stiik* aj^ricul- 

l^ tural land in Klaiijr. *»u the 18th inst., I»\ Messrs. T. N. Christie, 

J Kin^sburv, Metealfe and Niuniian Gneve ; they arrived on 

Suuday, and after nttendiujj: the sale on the followin*,' day, came up 

to Kuala Luiupur. leaviuijr hy the Nrrm <»n Thursday. 

All the lots at Daniansara j>iit up to auetion at the alK»ve sale, 
sold at upset prices, exrept one. 

The public holidays at tin- Chiin-se New Year will be Tuesday 
uud Wednesday, the 2ud and i^rd of February. 

We are int\»nned that in all ]»robability the Christmas Treat 
for the children will taki? i)la(e on Thursday next, the 28th inst., at 
the Residency, when the Uesident an<l Mrs. Rod^^er have very kindly 
promised to provide lea. Cards of hivilation will be issued to the 
children, and, we underHtan<l, th<'re will be a general invitation to 
" IKireuts and guardians.'* Notices will l)e posted in both Clubs early 
next week. 

A Gazette notification states that the Treasurer, Auditor and 
Besidency Surge<3n will in future be styled State Treasurer, Stat^ 
Auditor and State Surjjjeou, respectively. 

By a revised scheme of salutes, i^niards oH honour, et(!., the Hij^li 
Commissioner is to Ije received with a salute of 17 giuis; the Resident- 
General, 15 p:mis on arrival in or de]»arture from the capital of each 
State once during,' the year; the Resident. l:j y^uns on arrival in or 
departure from the capital of his State (»nce a year; H.H. the Sidtan, 
17 ^ns. In each <-ase a -iruard of honour of .50 men and a mounted 
escort when available. 

In future the Pahanu' Knactnients passe<l in Council will be 
published for •general infi>rmati(ni in the Sc/arnjur Oonrtnnrtit Gazette: 
in the last issu«' dated l.'»th January, Nns. I. to IV. of 1896 were 
printed: - Widows and Orphans," "Judicial Conunissiouer," "Extra- 
dition.'* and *' Banishment." 




In his report for NuveinWr, Mr. Halt\ D.O., Taiiii>int writ^B : ** On 
lilt: iJHth a conslable shot a tiger just liebiDd my hfJiise* in Malacca 
t<>rritorr, and ubttiined the MaWca reward of ?50;the tiger was a 
very large one and it is ]^veoulitir that the i"onetable*s weapon was a 
22-hore shot gun of my own, whicti he bad borrowed to aboot jungle 
fowl with, He killed the tiger dead with one barrel — ^ the choked one — 
a small ehar^e of No. t> shot, distance al>out 12 yards; the shot took 
effect in the tiger's heart. A few months ago the same nmn killed a 
Sambnr deer with the same Ijarrel firtit «hot. For a general sporting 
gnn out hert^ a choked barrel h very useful and a measure of safety/* 

The eollector« iVir Ihe Mnseuia having brought in many duplieate 
s]>ecimenM uf hmU, Ihei^* is a large assortment for sale. The publie 
are invited to inspect them. 

The lal>elB for th<^ regiHtration of dogs are of a new pattern this 
year, easily distinguisliable from Ihose of last year. Up to the time 
of writing, w^e hear tluit only tS7 dogs have 1>een registered, as against 
618 lafit year. 

A Mektinc. uf the Museum Committee was held ut the Museum 
on Saturday, 9th January, 1897. Present : Ca]4ain Syers^ Cltairman, 
Mr. J. RusselU Mr. C. E. P, Sanderson and Mr. L. B. Von DonuJ^ 
late Hon. Secretary. Tlie Chairman drew attention to the omission 
of the names of Mr. Baxeudale and Dr. Welch from the list of 
Meml>ers of the Committee for 1897 published in the Government 
Gazette of the 2Dd instant. Resolved that the Government be asked 
to inclnde these gentlemen in the Committee and that Mr, A* 8, 
Baxeudale l>e asked to undertake the duties of Hon. Secretary. 
The Committee authonsed the purchase of Dr. Day*s Book on Fish ; 
The Committee acknowledge with thanks the receipt of the following 
additions to the Museum during December: — From Captain H. C. 
Syers, a hawk and a padi bird ; Mr. Leon Seng» a white hawk ; 
Mr. R. Gbeewala, an insect; Mr. J, 8. Danker, a parrot; and Mr* 
Md>regor» a snake. 

Number of vi6it4>rs for November 

Total for the year 



The local Detuehment of the Malay States Guides will give an 
Assault -at* Arms on the ground in front of the Selangor Club to- 
morrow. Saturday* 23rd. at li.ld p.m., under the patronage of the 



British Resident, wlien tbo toUowiuj,' |>rognuiin\e will In? guue through : 


ti. Sword V, Sword 
?. Muaieal Drill 
8* FeneiQg 
9. Boxing 
l(i CluliSwiiigin^f 

11. Bayonet v. Sword 

12. Taulting florst' 

The Detat'hmeiit has obtained the kind asftistauee uf a few well- 
known celebrities. Th«^ ground will be screened oflf, and fi>r admission 
to tbi« enclusure a eharge of 25 cents will be made ; seats on the Club 
Verandah will be 50 eeuts. The proeeeda, after paying expenses, will 
ga to ti Uames Fund for the men of the Detaehnient. 

Phvfiieal Drill with Arms 

(to Band) 
Horizontal Bar 
Bayonet v. Bayonet 
Bayonet Exercise without 

word of eommaud 
Parallel Bars 

The sketch plans of bungalow* eooly liues^ and Btore referred to 
in " Nott'h on the Cultivation of Liberian Coffee,'* are issued as a 
supplement to this numlNer of the JoumaL Many of tlie back uumlxTs 
eoDtainiug these articles are out of print, owing to the applieationSp 
not only from all parts of the Settlemeiits, but from Europe (Kew 
G&rdens) and other places. The whoh* of the series will, however, 
shortly lie printed in paniphh't f**rm, and will ^>J published at the 
Office I if the MtUiifj Mftii. Only a very biiiited number ivO I be on sale; 
price ^2 per copy. The proceeds, after paying expenses, will be 
banded over to ilie Read Lodt^^e Benevolent Fund. 

Therk is some talk of yet another organ tor Kiiala Lumpur, with 
the title of Selamjor Ohstn^er, to l>e publrshed as a bi-weekly 
evening uewspajter. Its battle cry Ik "A Newspa|H'r frn- the People/* 
tmd we should imagine that its eorresprmdence colunui will be well 
worth the money. Towards the end of February the Ohtferver will Ix- 
among us, having *' the assistance of a Jouruahst of Indian and 
Colonial experience and a com pe tent staft\" 

A NOTICE in the Selangor Club 
St?Iangor t\ SingHi>ore, will take plac 
and 4th. or the 4tb, 5th and 6Lh of 
littbly be selected from the folio win 
endeavour will be made to practice as 
wante«l : 

A. H. Biignal! 

H. F, Bellamy 

L. Don gal 

G. Ghissfurd 

J, Griassford 

A. B. Hubback 

T. K. Hubback 

states that the cricket match, 
e at Singapore, on the 2nd, 3rd 
Februar}'. The team will pro- 
g. and it is hofied that every 
often as possible, as it is badly 

A. J. McClosky 
E. Neubi'onner 

B, J. Perera 
0. F. Stooor 
H. L, Tallwt 
K. O. Watsrui 
M. 11. Whitley 



We regret to bear, however, that Mr. T. R. Hui>back anticipatetJ 
thiit pressure of Imeiuess will prevent him playing. As this is au 
ocvasion oa whieh ev^ry Selaiigorite will hv expei-ti'd to do all he eau 
for tljo hoijour of the State, it i« to be halted that the serviees of sueh 
a tir»t-eliis8 rricketer will not hi lost to the teaiij. 

T»K ihnr ladies elect€43 at tho General Mooting f>f members of the 
Saiiiaritan Society, held at the Girls* SehrK>l on Monday, 4th Janiiarv, 
as a Comniittee of Maua^eineiit *>f the ]»ropo8ed Nurniu^' Fund, having 
idl written to resign oflice. the President and original Committee 
won Id like if possilde to ascertain the wishes of the members of the 
late Sainnritan Society with regard to the disposal of the fnnds now 
in the hands of the Treasurer. The term of engagemeDt of the present 
Nurse expin*s on iilst January, 1897, and the Goiiimittee will he much 
obliged if any member having any suggestion to make will writhe to 
the Hon. Secretary, Mrs. Syers, or tf» Mrs, Rodger, on the subjcet 
before that date. Another General Meeting could then l>e held to 
diseuss the suggestions, but should none be made the Committee 
propose t«( deposit the balance to the credit of the Society in the 
Chartered Bank ou tUnt January in the joint names of Mrs. Rodger 
and Mrs. Syers as hithertu. A balance sheet and statement of a-ecounti* 
will also Ite puhlish*^! in the local pajters. 

The half-yearly sale of pa|jers at the Selangt>r Club, is announced 
to take plai*e on Saturday, 30th instant, at 6 p^m* 


THE programme for next mee meeting is at hist definitely iixetl 
and should be in the bands of the public in a day or so, and 
will, on the whole, I think, be found an excellent one. Abrams, 
I am glad to say, has been able to procure a batch of griffins for 
Suogei Ujong and thev shoidd arrive in Singapore by the same 
steamer as our lot - viz,, aliout the 20th of this month, three of thest^ 
ponies, 14 hands to 14.2, have been subscribed for by residents here, 
HO there is evtjry prolialiility of an intereating race. 

The Committet* at the last moment decided to include in the pro- 
gramme a handicap for last year*K griffins on the let and 2nd days, this 
should bring out a go* id field, and if the haadicapper does his work 
well a great race should result. The only objection to this addition 
to the prugrainmc is that, j^mvided all the races fill, it will mean eight 
events on the first and second da\8 and thi« invariably meann a bit of 
a scramble. The big race of the meeting, as far as value is concerned, 
is a race for all hi^rses, weight as L»er scale, value $5(10; horses entered 
to l>e sold at :?5W to W allowed 14 lbs. One of the conditions of this 
race is that there must l>e three starters in separate interests or no race. 

This condition shoidd guard against what was within an ace of 
hap|>ening at Pcnang; in the big race there the only three eotrips 
were supplied from the same stable and it was only through some 



UiformalitY in the i^iitries that tlie Club were m-ved from having to 
give $o*H) fur what wuidd have lieeti viiiuallv u walk over, with no 
chance of anv f>ri»tit aeeruing to the Clul» from either lotteries or 
totali«ator. In order U) prevent inc*onvenience to owners the entries 
for this raee will elose a we*?k lx*fore tho^e for the other race«, owners 
will then at ouee l»e informed whether the race hu8 filled or not. 
Tlie optional 8el lint*, for ponies 14 hands and under, Bht*iild Itring 
out a good field, provided that the possibility of Ltfl*} enteriuLC for 
it doe« not frighten i)thera awav\ This man*, whom I heur ha.s ehanged 
hands and in now the property of thr |iopidar owner of Lttckij, has a 
j^»at reputation^ au»l althouK'l^ ^l^'' l^'*-^ never lieen raeed here is said 
to have been tried very hi^h indeed ; she, hc^wever, will not, I shonld 
fancy, he ent^L'red tn Ik* sold, and this «ho»dd ^^ive some of the others a 
chance of getting on terms with her. 

The Mercury Challeng-e Cuji Hbuiild fiirnifih a field of six or seven, 
thouj^h I am flurry to say that Apnlmjy will U^ unal4e to Htarl, she 
having lieeu ♦-mtei'ed f»ir Kinta, 

Owners of nuulsterH are rt^mindt'd that they are not allowed to use 
the Raceconrse from Wednesday th*' iJ7th instant until fifteen day* 
before the first day's raeing, I lN_dieve that some of the roadster 
owners are anjcionn that this rule shoidd he ehanj^ed and that 
n>adsters shouhl i>e allowed the nse of the eourse the same as any 
other class of horse, and talk of eallin^* a ^'eneral meeting to try and 
j:#as8 this alteration. If Hiis were done we might just as well do away 
with roadster raeeN altogether 

A roadst4-r, T take it. is a horse that run 1k^ harked on thr roads, 
and it is to ensure this being done that th** rlatise referring to the use 
of the course is inserlfd. For the east* *jf the Mrrvttnj Q\\\\ moreover, 
it was the donors' intention that the raee should l>e for horses that 
were made daily use of by residents in 8elangv»r or Sungei Ujoug, 
either as hacks or trappers : of course we all know that horses have 
been liought especially with the itlea of winning this rare, lait although 
one or two of ttiem umy W of iMter class than the ordimiry hui-k 
isX\\\ they are ahnost daily ridden on the ri>ads either by their owners 
or a menilier of the Obib and must, therefore, l*e i-lassified as hacks, 
there is nothing to prevent a man using a thoroughbred a>^ a hack if 
be prefers it, as many do, to a coarser bred one. 

Considering the amount of rain whieh we have had lately the 
cfiui*8e is in very fair order and with a spell of dry weather now should 
br in t'xeellent conditicui by the time t!ie griffins airivr here. 

The Man in the Lalano. 

♦###**«*#«^*«#«** **•• 

- bombasteS'ITp-to-date;* 

TT TE are late in the day with our ootiee of this most sueeessftd per- 

V/y forniance, ami m*u'e tlnin one a<iount has aj^jieared in X\\v 

f Native Statt^n m*wspapers ; but it would never do for the Hthmtjnr 

^ Jour /Ltd tu omit to devote a [>age or so to what was undoubtedly t hr 

best thing of its kind we have seen in Kuala Lumpur. When, liow- 



ever, it is rememl>cned bow very few thiiigs of the sort wo have had 
here, this diiesnH seem to say much ; but if ever there was a topic on 
wliieli a writer ijii|,^ht. without fear of liK-al coutradietiou, let himself 
pi fnr all 111* vvjiit Worth iu the way of iipprolnitiou, it is the show of 
the " Fly-liy-Ni^hls" at the* Selau^or Chilt. From the opening niifht 
to the elotie of lift foiirtli ami last [Hn*f(.fr nut tiro, tbore was a danh aud 
y^o about the burl<'8i[ue which would havi' done credit to any pro- 
fessional iiiimaj^ement ; and the niHli for seats would have made any 
Aeting Manager rub his liandM with delight and exclaim *' Good biz.'* 

To the general public of Kuala Luuipiir the night of Saturday, the 
9th inBt,, furnished a huge and plea^iant sur|jrise. Amateurs in all 
I ages aud iu all plaeen liave be*'u guilty of perjjetratiug such shocking 
shows, that one is quitr pi^epared, when witnessing the efforts of a 
new " company." to make every allowance for sliortconiings on the 
l>ai'fc of those who have sufficient hardihood to risk tlie chance of Ixang 
guyed while endeavouring to amuse, Bnt, fortunately, for audience 
and perfonriers alike, there was an old liand on the job in Mr, R. G. 
Wat84m» ably seconded by tlve Rev. F. W. Haines ; indefatigable aud 
ubiquitous are the t4?rms to apply to both, and when these two gentle- 
men received the additional assistauce of Mr. C. Sevenn a triumnrate 
was fonucd which would liave luvn hard to beat. 

The first thing to strike the audi*^nce ou the opening night was the 
admirable inaunor in which tht! play had Vjeen staged, and it was soon 
^apparent that tlie amateurish element was to be conspicuous by its 
absenc(\ It was a revelation to all as the play proceeded that we had 
in oiu' midst two ladies capable of such excellent acting; their vocal 
powders have charmed us at more tliau one concert, but few were pi-e- 
pared for the delightful treat affonled by the int personations of the 
parts of Distafliriit iin<l Griskinissa by Mrs. Travers and Mrs. Douglas. 
A yet greater surjjrise was given by the way Mr. Bourne '* exponed '' 
the rharaeter <»f Attaximuuoiis, one of the most— if not the moat — 
difficult parts in the phiy, relying as it did for its main points 
on acting and elocution pure and simple : it was a jmrt without 
much ''fat" so far as funny gag was concerned. Mr. Bourne's 
rendering of the lines commencing " Till Kuala Lumpin* gets 
electric light*' was simply perfect, and his stage piresence wan 
excellent throughout. In Fus1h»h everyone looked for something 
funny, and they were not disa]>{/ointed : the fame whicli preceded 
Mr. Watson has been amply lioi'ue out, and we are quite ]>repared 
to hear, from tliose who know, that he echpsed all his prev^ious f ►erf or- 
manees: if this is not so, we shall be consunied w^ith an undying regret 
that we did not have the chance of seeing them, Ijecause anything 
more fuuny than many of his points it is hard to conceive. He took 
advantage of all the libci-ty which is by tradition aceordeil to the 
low comedy man, aud his gag and business caused a constant roar 
of laughter : the song, *' A Pink-and-White J.C," was one of the hits 
of the piece, and his *' Pelican Club** match with the gloves 
with Bomliastes wtis too funny for anything- Dr. Travers made 
a most military looking Bom bastes, and declaimed his lines with great 
emphasis: he w^as originally cast for a mere **privit** in the Army ^ 



hen Mr. A. B. Hiil»bark wait uoabk* to inko the imi't of 
Bomlm^tes, Dr, Travera took up the litle-rAle and arqtiittnl liiiu8<?lf 
fXtt^Ueutly. Mr, 8ovoni as a courtier was iiTe|>ivssil)l«*, iiml it was 
with the ^r6at*?st difficulty that he ooultl assirtui? tht- »lol<?ful fl€*ineauoiir 
the courtiers were Ruitpot^ed to wear in the opeuiiij:r chorus - n,b., 
notae of the other courtiers were much uiore sueccK.sful iu their effortis 
in thi« direction, and we have heard it whispered that one of the 
Army would have Buited the part of a dtdeful courtier down to the 
>f round ; these, however, are details. The main idea of an audience is 
t*') be amused, and regarded from this point of view^ the {^^-it^atest hit 
of the pUuy was undoubtedly Mr, 8evern*ti topical sonj< : it was cleverly 
written, and sunp: with a spirit and ^o that carried the audience right 
alon^: his duets, too^ with Fusl>os, interpolated on the third and 
fourth nij^hts, wen? equally fetching. Caplain Talbot m.s the Btind- 
laastcr, wa.s filling a utility |>art — he diacour-sed Mweet rounds from a 
lw>mbardon, he gave the word of command to tlie Army, he acted an 
an orderly, and as a hot He -and -sponge bolder in the boxing match. 

With regard to the " book/* its main interest, oi course* lies in itK 
li>cal alhisions ; but a gene ml idea of thr* action may be gained from 
tlk» "Synopsis of Scenery and Incidents" which, together with the 
full east, irt printed at the end. That it was thoroughly enjuyed and 
appreciated was made clear by the Itnid eries ftir *' Author" after the 
first perfurmance, and by the roar of ai«pJiiuae that grwted Mr. U. G. 
Wataon as he Ltiuie in front of the curtain io biw his acknowledgments. 

The evolutions of the Army and Ctmrtiers, and the feast of lanterns 
^ven in the se<.*ond a<-t on the last night, were evidence of the endea- 
vours made by the management to 5!ij)|dy the usual chorus and 
buainesB peculiar to buries |ue; efforts which, to judge by tlie a]>plause 
*j€ the audience, were crowned with success. 

The dressing of tlie piece, in charge of Mr. Walson, was very 
eflEeetive, the bright ness of Griskinissa's coHtiune, *' a 'igh and 'aughty 
aristnxrat lM»tri>th«'d to the king," and the rjuilted skirt aud laced 
liodiee of Distaflina, ** a sim}ilc village maid<-n/' were alike dutrming. 
The King was gnrgt>ously attired in green aud siker sUtshed dnublet 
and trunk hose. Fusbos was ^ny in a. scarli't satin upon jacket, witli 
white satin ctrntinuations of a Turkish cut, and a hat of the Ally 
Bloper order. The appearance of Biuubastes was martial in the 
extreme; a dark military jacket, befrogged and medalled, liigh jack 
hoots, and a Malay kerchief headdress. The CEHUiiers wore evening 
dress, with rutiles and knee breeches ; the Army had on khaki i,x»atSp 
with green aud red facings, enmberbund and putties, and similar head- 
dress to that worn by their General They were wonderfully armed 
with enormous l>attle-axes, but before going through iheir amazing 
evolutions they were most unkindly \*t prudently deprived of these 
forraidabli- weapons. 

To turn to the mutiir', which liad evidently be**n curefnlly chosen 
from a number of popular operettas aud nuis^ical farces, several 
numlKiTs may be selected for special praise. The most popular were 
probably Mi's. JJouglas's song ami tlance in the first iwi^ out of The 
G^tefif (Mrl wiHi its jiretty French refrain, the duet from loittnihe 



hetwreu Mrs. Travel's iind Mr. Bourne, whifli broiiwrht the ciirtuin 
tlowii upouthu tirst art, and the well-kno\\Ti '* Jt'wel Son^'* frum Fau^t- 
Hp-to-dnte, beMiitil'iilly Hun^ l«v Mrs, Tmvers, uHsisted l>v Messrs. 
Travers aud Bi_>yrui-\ This last- Tuent toned it^^m eame iu most appro- 
]>mtelv in the artion <jf the piece » when the Kitig dajsKles the eyes of 
the fair DiatatKua with tlie fii^dit of so much prospective wealth. 
Anumg 80 nianv pretty and tnuefiil airs it is diiheidt to select, but 
])raise rniiHt be ^aveo to Mr.s, Tmvers for her fine rendering of the 
*' Letter 80 n^*' from Rip V*u( WtHkh «>n the liist night. Both Mrs* 
Dou^'las and Mrs. Travers enhanced their ah*eady established reputa- 
tion as vocalists, and in addition showed that they possessed histrionic 
abilities of a hij^di order, 

With regard to that Jieetiou of the mnsic perforaied bv the male 
memberR of the company by far the gi'eater portion natiimlly fell to 
Mr. BtHiriie. who throng-hout showed a power of attack and rendering 
which is seldom met with on t]\o anmtenr stage. '* I know a little 
maiden " from Efiddiijore and thetliiet already mentioned from lohnihe 
were i>erhapfti the two moat popvdar and the beauties of I wth were done 
fall juatiiM^ to. A solo by Mr. Severn at tlie end of the opening 
ehonia was given with great taste and expression. Dr. Tmvers sang 
"I am a soldier born*" from Fauet-up'to'dafe, ^'ith innvh spirit and 
Mr. Dongal gave (nir old friend '*Toniniy Atkins," clot lied of course 
in new wordn* in a manner tliat never failed Uj gain 1dm an encore, not 
forgetting the bonqnets. In both <>f tliese 8«)tigH tlie Army iLial 
Conrtiers lent vabialjle asniytance in tlie cborns. Mr. Shaw and Mr. 
Cormac, as courtiers* sang the soloa in the op«^ning cbonis, and the 
former gentleman delivered some lines in excellent style. 

The mnsic for the topical songs was tinicfnl and catehy, Mr. 
Watson*B being written to the tune of ** Binwn of Colorado " from the 
Shop Oifl and Mr. Severn's to the lane of the ** House of Lords** 
from hi Toirii, a mnsical farce wliieli scored heavily in London some 
years ago. Both are given Ih.*1ow. From this piece were also taken 
the Imrh^Hfjno dnet between mother and daughter sung by Messrs. 
Watson and Severn on the two nights and ** The Little Taradiddle.*' 

To Mrs. Stafford and Mr. W. E. Lott, the thanks of alb jHTformers 
and audience alike, are tine for their great kindness in phiyiug the 
aecompamments each evening; they <'ontribiited greatly to the 
enjoyment of others, Imt frtmi the position td' the jaanu were unable 
to See anything that went on on tlie stage while seaU^d on the iiiusir 
stooL The rendering of the overture, a selection from 3/i^k Drermat by 
Mrs. Stafford was exceedingly tine. 

Eyery jireeaution was taken by the Chief Officer, S.F.B,, against 
fire: hose and ladders being [»laced in position each evening of the 
i>erforinances. We couldn*t helj> eomjuiring the carelessness of some of 
the London theatres where they are content with a solitary fin:'nian iu 
the vestibide; and it gave one quite a pleasant feeling of security to see 
not only the CO., but several of his men, '*on dnty/* watching the 

To mention all those who, in one way or another, lent willing help 
to bring the whole [(eiformance and the arrangement* up to the high 



aianilard they attaiue<l would mnin a }m\g list ; \\v will only reiterate 
that to the Rev. F. W. Haines, nii*l Messsrs. Watsoo and Severn, not 
a timrd of praise, hut a whole vuhime* is dw\ 

Our Sjjecuil Muairal Critie sends the follow in^^ aecoimt : — 
Of the music!, we may say at onee that the iseieetion and arninge- 
ment of it, with on** or two exeeptions, reflect considerable credit on 
the cHiQjpiler oi the Inirlesque ; Rnddigort, Paiietice, Mif^s Deeimat the 
Gaieti/ GirL and most oi' our ht-st-kuown comic operoa l>eing laid 
under eontril>utron. The exceptions to which we refer above are tirst, 
the opening ehoru^f;, taken from Patieui'vi this, thonmdi very pretty in 
itself, was, except on the first evening, never more than [taseably 8nn^^; 
it is ipiite nnKuited for men*K voices r tin* inter])olatcd 8oto from MtW 
Dtcinut suffered from l>eint,' brought in in the wron^ place, and did not 
achieve that success which sonj^^ and Hiutrcr th'servcd — the otlier two 
exceptions are the solo allottetl to GnHkinissa in the tirst «wne and 
her duet with the Kin^; the first i^ not well adapted to Mrs. Douglas's 
style, while the duet is v»Titten nineh too low^ for her; m spite of 
this drawback the solo was charmingly rendered, ami in tln^ dnet 
her clever and spirited acting' with tlie rerahitniot monarch carried 
her through. This lady had a much Ijetter ehanie, of which 8he 
availed ht/rsidf fully, in the .Hceond act in the lonu; scetia with Fnslx»«, 
and her expresHiw r^^'uilcrin;^' i>f the air from Buddnjore ivpress^ed any 
tendency at hilarity whi< li the idea of a tender love passage between 
BO dainty a lady and an old imaj^'e Ukt^ Fuslx*^ was at timen calcuhited 
tt» call forth. Tliis scene, in our opinion, was, next to the lohnihe 
duet and the jewel .son^, one of the musical featui"^s of the evenini^. 
Mrs, Travi^rs was unfortvinately not in very good form on the 
opening eveiun^r, bnt on succeeding' evenings her chunuint* voice and 
purity of intonation wen* heard to full effect in the j>retty music 
allotted to her pad. We |iref»'rred tlie duet with tlu' Kini^. in which 
the two voices bli-udrd vt»ry lurmouiously, ami the jewel song, in tlie 
i-efniiu of which Me*<srs. Bonrm- and TniverjH j«>ined with fxeellcnt effert. 
Mr. Bourne tjan^', as he has laut^ht nn U* expet-t from him, fxtellrntly, 
althruii^h he had only one solo, his aid in ttio and duet was invaluable. 
A little more • ^o " on the part of Messrs, Travers and Bougal 
woidd have improved their re.s|>LTtiv(* son^^fs considerably ; an the per- 
fivrmani'cs went on, however, this defect di«aiij>4*ared. Mr. Watson was 
ill-advised in attemi>tin^' a Kont: <*f such olass as the one in the scene 
with GriskinisKa, for which he ban not the ability, either natural 
or at^quin*d. Let him stick U) eomie sin^^nu^, in wdiich he generally 
scores. Though in vcit poor voice all through, he made a liit with the 
•'J* O. of the Fedemtion." The extra sulo allotted to him on the 
tinal nifrht needed rehearsiiit;, Mr. Severn, vvitli his to|>ical .song, was 
ipiite one of the suc<vsse8 of the ]jiece. and the rendering of his duet 
with Mr. Watson, "The Gulden Mean'' and the '^ Tamdiddle '* waa 
extremely funny. We ghall hopi* to see a great deal more of thia 
(gentleman and in Ik tter parts. 

We ought to mention that l>-»th Mrs. JJoughi« and Mrs. Tmvers 
introduced new songs at the comdnding performance, the fr>rmer lady 



singing, "If I were a royarl laJy," from Mororco^ Bound, a soii^ 
which requirpB to he; better known to l>f? approinated, while the 
latter gave the wel!*kiitiwn letter song» obtaining a well- merited 
encore. Last, but not k-ast. the su'eompiinimentH were generally 
speaking good, and the (*ompanv was greatly indebted to Mrs. Stafford 
and Mr, Lutt for the tinie they devot^^d tu buth rehearsals and 
performanees. Mi-y. Stafford's tasteful playing at tht* piauo is well 
Imownp and her rt^ndering of the overture was really excelleiit. 

Arlaxommoiifii.— Kinir nf Foderocm. » melanrholy miisbed mouajch of ftiHiiiioufi lfnileuei4V». 
CaiiipeiiMatioii allownriri' htivin^ Invn irlusea him, he nin only o(Tit luil/ u rrown for 
hilt bride Mr, O. U. D. Boiini.'. 

(by pf^rnibftion of thi» Curl Rosa 0|>erti Co*) 
fJmeml EoinbaHtei*, C.M.S.f^., F.M.8,, F,0.8.~Comtiiiiiider.iii.Chii'f of ihp FiHler»<«Ml 
Troopsi ; lion. Colonel of tbn Kinpi^S Own Rm* Ptutdin^ Piii*hH'»: « bmtnl martinet of 
the old wrluiuU ivdnctHl to tiubniUhiun liy Di.stutfhin Mr. K. A. O. Tmvi^n*. 

(his ftrsl ttppwftrance on imy HtfltTold.) 
Fiwbos,— .\. locnl idiot who has r«icht*d flu* nvnk of Prime Minister ; dtM-idy onvoloped in 
the me«bi« of Coxirt intriiaif ; »ii(Tei>i inmOl Innn hnnkinesA in Ihii hinik^ir, but fcliU 
{.hinkti hc' run miu^ n tomk mm^ Mr« R, <«, WfttMon, 

(by kind fHTmtKfiiori of the CM.) 
Grinkiniasa.— A 'ifthand 'au^hty Jtmt4->emt. hrtrt>tli?d lo iht» Kinie— to H'honi »h«* umkim 
terttml rude femarkii. uid Iskes up with the idiot fibove deMrrilnpd— Kh<* thrown him 
over in diji^uiit . . , M rs, Dcnitcliis, 

II nd 
l>iii1nftlfiu (hi*r orifrin»l i«irl L— A HJinple xilbjcf* nmjdi'n — ix'fuiseH luilf » crown, hot wiptnnw 

31 monnrt'h— Ji liltU- in^t. lint 3*1 I mien u lit tit' iKHnltuil Mi>i« Tr»iverA. 

Thp Bandmaster. —Pbiys on a l>omb«.rd<«i made in Fedt-mriii C»|d* TSIbol. 

Thi» Army^.— Ma<fniWwi»t HpRumeiiii of lot«l growth— ihi? ntii^e will unt curry more thtn 
four at a time .. ... ... ... 31i.^?^r4. C:^uinminK, l^^uicnl, Ridj^i'«. Riia^flU 

Tlic Courtiers. -Hold tiy the doxen ; i-ii^ala of the Anny in tin* eyes of (In^ fair o\ Fedeniriii ; 
thf'ir wad ttppeatranre is dnt^ t^1 the return of tin* wttrriont fmm tlb* st-ut of wrir 

Me^m. Brtiwii. (Jonirn . Mtuwell, Severn. 8haw. 
A'. /J. —The follow inf^ is jiot fimny 1 

AcoompMiUftj^ , 

Mrs, StiilTord tind Mr. 

Annonry by 

Pndoh Gaol. 

W, K. Lt>tt. 

8tiMSe Miina^r ,. 

Rev. F. W HfihK*, 

So^iier^' hy 

Peniini nnd Keehnt. 

Asatstiint Stage i 
Mntiairer ire»ill3' * 
Het-ne Shifter) ) 

llnMDie^ by 

Quan r»unn, Suleinmn 

Mr. A. H. Bmmull, 

and Atisist^unth. 

B(K)tM by 

Ah Pooii. 

HuHim<3««» MaimKer 

Mr. tUmpshirr^. 

'l\'U'phoiie Xo. W.KfiTM. 


A Temwv nx i\w j^ihiet* Cirounda. 

The KifiitenwntppM! oi thouichlKof DktAlTlua. 

To him a Coiu' " iuk woiUh and drinkit, 

Arns -iiie 31 'nisEcr, 

Clo^of the i.'r. ; ijirnju'h of the Forve^. 

Ur«l< r iif I'roeession. 

The Bombardonier. 



G«noiml Borabanteh with his SUiiT, 

Moretinm and irophie^ (if ihetHt- \s i-ooiuK 

EvolntiouA Extraordinary. 

A iSovereiKii'H gint it nde— creation of the 

Dukedom of Khin;r. 

FieklroesM of the Km*;— Bnmt^h of Proini*v 


Unpi"ecedenT*^d dnunaAe^, 

Quai-rel helwet^n the Kinir aod tm s^tore Girl. 

Fiishrw i»t«'ps in— the test of tn»e lovp. 

I[Jn.<«lrfttioa— the vill^tn' iiitiiden— her dreum 

of wiolth. 

DDclattttion of the love-strieken Kinic. 

8p^Hly htllllmeut of thf pddfMii iinjciu^'. 

pi<«coverj' by the deciMved female and dei«iei>l 

of th<^ eurtiiin. 


A »eQUt«tra(ed ^l»ide on Weld's Hill— a flDl* 

epeelmen of thi" r*b*veM-])tkul eolfee^biijih 

Ifi ' I r I _ ■ . Hid, 
Approach of t i Wartior— hK 

DlstiLtliniiH hong of love. 

Anival of the King, 

BrtU d by jewels. 

Coiwcienee-strii'ken (liicht ol the (inler) 

♦cent re 'd betrayer. 

Fnjffitfnl diftcoverj*. 

Theharjirdof the eiirihi. 

Pathetic uiterview— the Prime 31tn«itera 

viotim to Ihr' Hnrls of the' nil r'nr.f|riertn« (tml* 

poi'triii itfH'iK, 

Til' - ts, 

Ikif^funr 1'^ 'I .!*Uieidi*. 

Pii'Vi'M :ri.ji ^-nn* 

The irufre of hn 

* of the Kiiifc. 

A *'Pel, wuibat, 

Death o Dealer. 

EttmordmiKry, U4< n thiiit , nm\ aittomidfn^ 


^^^^^^^^H TEE ^^^fl^^^H 

^^^^^^^^^^^ ^H 

^^^^^^^^^^ Written by Mt, C, Sit'enu ^^^| 

^ When BritAin i^xten»ltMl protection 

But move, let imi aay. there's mu* ^^^| 

^^^^B O'er thi> liUidB of tho wily Miilay 

only '^XK/' ^^M 

^^^^H She WAJ9 iililo. with Httle ohj».«etion. 

A Councillor of the Queen. ^^^^ 

^^^^^1 To oliUiin his lou^ent to her gway ; 

Hurrah for the great J.K.» ^^^| 

^^^^^M 'T\w revenueB mount eel up i^uickly» 

Hurrah for the grmi J.K.. ^^H 

^^^^H But whjil do you think they'd hftve ! 

He b nil for a spree and a f(oc*d ^^^M 


jamboree ^^^H 

^^^^^1 If it Iui4n*t just been for the pn^sence 

Ih the alTable buoyant J.K. ^^^| 

^^^^H Of thut capitfil Tuetiil euUod tin ? 


^^^^B And 6o I must ask you to siiifj; 

Now to add a new verse to my ditty ^^^H 

^^^^1 To t)xjit beautifuf bountiful tin. 

And from no common topic to shrink ^^^H 

^^^^1 And to r r, X. 8.. tuid 

I'll tip you a Btave on the subject ^^^| 


Of coffee, that wonderfid drink. ^^^H 

^^^^L Tliatdelit^i.^^^^. . i.. |... .-ar>i-Mn. 

It posae^sea a host of adherontst ^^^f 

^^^^^H Uiirrali for the Native 8tat^v$, 

Thei'e't} (^'arey and Doiigal and Lake, ^^^H 

^^^^H Hurrah for tho Nntive Btntp«> 

And they plant with a will and tboy ^^^| 

^^^^F Tliey'U novur bo ended or niend^i^. 


^^^^H the splendid 

And thtiy clear« and tbi\y burn, and ,^^^1 

^^^H Hiigni^t^nt Native Statoe. 

they rake. ^^^| 

For they're alwa>^ at work in tlie ^^^| 

^^^^ft Xow these countn^ies m fine ftnd so 



With the earliest i^treaks of the dawn, ^^^| 

^^^^H Have cities v^hich rapidly |^W| 

When the sun' a in the aky they a ^^^H 

^^^^H And to Fee that these (dties were 

istengah may try ^^^^ 


But they're alwiiy^ at work in the mora. ^^^| 

^^^^H Clave oflicialdoni aomethin^ to do. 

Hurrah for the S. F. A., ^^M 

^^^^^1 Vest, they ^p-appled at once with the 

Hnrrah for the planters gay. ^^^| 

^^^^^B subject. 

So here's to Pet^in^r, Tim Baily ^^H 

^^^^^M A8li€*hoved|2foodofl&eiaUwlthmoralfi, 

my darling. ^^^H 

^^^^H And a Boar^l wn» in each one appointed 

Hurrah for tliL* KJ\A. ^^H 

^^^^H With a chairman to settle their 

Hurrah for the t'oifLH; Tree* ^^^H 

^^^^^K ipiJirr^'i^. 

Huri-ab f«>r the CoSfee Tret?, ^^^H 

^^^^^1 Veii^ be R4?ttle'4 their I it He dinrords 

May the pric^ g^y up higher and ^^^| 

^^^^H A nd dispor^r^s ot uR-kst of t heir hoards, 

ne'er lack a buyer, ^^^H 

^^^^H And nothing lia^ (>etin ever yet quite 

Hiui'aii for the Coffee Tree* ^^^| 

^^^^H clean 


^^^^H A:* iVii' style of thof^e Sanitary Iluardi^. , 

1 inuBt notice that splendid depart* ^^^H 

^^^^^^ llutrHh for the 8anitary Board, 


^^^^^^^1 Hurrah ft»r the Sanibiry Boards 

Winch Spooner can claimaa his own, ^^^| 

^^^^^^^^1 And the ^-oiit A.K.V. a^ n Lurd 

And the Fa^'tory, worked, as he aaeure^ ^^^H 

^^^^^^^^H Mayor 


^^^^^^^1 At the head of the Sanitary 

On a basii) of commerce alone. ^^^H 

^^^^^V Board. 

Thou<^b the weather we've lately been ^^^| 


bavinL^ ^^^H 

^^^^H But Jiisti^-e must not be forgotten. 

Would try e'en a temper serene ^^^| 

^^^^H It tiourishc*! Htill more and more. 

That id no reason the roads abould be ^^^| 

^^^^H And the law got from England and 

standing ^^^H 


With obstjichd f|ult(> unforeseen ; ^^^H 

^^^^H' Ha& many surprises in store. 

For they pile up their metal so free, ^^^| 

^^^^H There are c(xk\s both the Penal and 

Its utility no om* can fiee, ^^^H 


Still none can rewiat *em, they work on ^^H 

^^^^H Which a J.O.'s commanded to floor. 

a By stem, ^^^H 

^^^^H And the lawyers are— Oh! ye^i I tell 

The .splendid P,W,D, ^^M 
Hurrah for t>ie Public Works, ^^H 

^^^^H you they're coming 

^^^^H They 11 teoon l>e in here by the scoi-e. 

Hurrah for the Public W\.rks, ^^H 

^^^^H There's! an L.A. T^hose wisdom's 

For none can realist them, they ^^^H 

^^^^^^ sTipreme 

work on a Bystem^ ^^^^H 

^^^^H With pH^rception peeniiarly keen, 

1 1 urrah for the Public Works. ^^H 



On tluj railwayB which traverse this 
I linvo juHt one or two words to say, 
Thoy are wondorful bits of construction 

And, what is far In^tter, they pay; 
Hut thiur fn'ijfhts for the animal 
Would puzzle an amateur mind, 
For the schedule is only a short one 
And to minor distinctions they're 
For ihoy carry a cnt as a sheep, 

Antl they do it n^narkably cluuip, 
And four dojjs they declare are the 
same as a bear, 
Yt^ they dt^— and its wonderfully 

Hurrah for the S.G.R., 
Uurrah for the S.G.R., 
So, Wat kins, my Iwy, here*s 
wishing; you joy 
And success to the S.G.R. 

)rri^^»M anif sung I 
\\\ A h<v»t of rich ndations 
Holding m«>8t exs^ltiMl stations 
And A name well known in every 
Native State. 
But in spite of iniucation 
And a crammerV ministrativ^i 
At exaiiK^, to fail has alwavs Uvn mv 
S«.^ wv* put our heads t^»J^nhe^ 
And we ^rravely jx^udennl whether 
To Ma.<honahuid I had not Ivttor ov 
The Colonial Stvn^tary 
iK>t me out of that t^uan.lary 
Bv su$^^^tinl; he shouhl make me a 

A pink-4ind-whito ** J.i^." 
But full .-f oht^-k and *^\ 
A little *jv il: \t ladies* adulati^vn. 
BTasi> batt. .3i.< r-n mv oi:esT. 
A swAixvr of the K*»>:, 

I remember a famous occasion 

When with pleasure a journey I 
To witness that splendid diversion 

A drill of the Fire Brigade. 
They set fire to a large bamboo 
And a hose with the river united. 
When down came old Jupiter Pluvius 
And busted the show they'd ignited. 
Still, they are a magnificent corps. 

Which the ladies are prone to adore, 
And they look very fine when they're 
drawn up in line 
With old Bellamy well to the fore. 
Hurrah for the Fire Brigade, 
Hurrah for the Fire Brigade, 
And our own Captain Shaw and 
his beautiful corps. 
Hurrah for the Fire Brigade. 

y Mr. R. O. Wat son. 

Si-kit happenetl when some fool, who 
Had a district in the Ulu, 
Ohuck««i his billet to replace him I was 
A lUshim; young D.O.. 
With ladie<s qiiita the bean. 
The jv^y is small in spite of compensa- 
tiv»n ; 
lUi: you're Wws of everything. 
As IXO. xou're quite a king 
In tliat T\>ui.inTio land of Federation. 

1 *sx^n foun>i the invAt e8£>ential 
\Va5 vMr.r.«v:i,>iis influential 
\r..l «;> r;.h n^la;:.>n? kindlv did the 
Ar^d :h*^ v'aV j^>: a notion 
n-,*: t ottch: :o have |vi\Mnotian 

M> r.,:i^:AkiVv u.^ tVnib? were many, 
rA: :^A: rrji'tu-^rtxi ik< a penny, 
1: .: >ji/,. :V,* *.vrj: xrt^.ld tKen have 

Ari :: ti^s.- ir ^%m- :>.oy K^.v r.v.\ 
F c riv:i li-r % . "i ir\ a* .^«*: is 

"R" 1^ ->■_ '- r^-. i -»-.-■•. TO- .< ; .it. 

S\ ♦'itV.NA: :SV &h4:^.:«t warning 
:v ^ft.ii'- : >u»,i roaviwsi the top- 

K.v .,v\ -•, ''i^ man *Tf the 

i«-.T :\*.* , 

:^. ; » * 

* • ' •, UJ.^ «x\ 

". *»l V* • 

v., , V V .: .. 

V\xv » 

I X vv . »>/;v>.7;jC VeAfTfttion. 



Thi'i"»'*ii II acbviuo they've been 
\\ ' ciiua«<l lAUL-h IocaI 

K*Mk*r;»J:3'tij v> Uie usuul name it ^t«» 
\\y which Perak, or l*uhang» or 
8iiii}|<.n Ujoii^ , or iSelaiitjor, 

M»y ^»-' ch11«?<I iiptin to pay each other's 
To eoiuplole thi» state uiiitod 
AH the ^lUt^tns weTx* ijivnted, 

iUid A treaty ujade to ratify the mnvi. 

lint in spite t*t all en Jeavoiir 
An<l umcli explanation clever 

It waa clear they did not understood 
the j^aiiio. 
Boiue thr*iig:ht it wag uiaBure, 
And Home a patent cure, 

80 loBfif a word required ehicidiitiutx ; 
When the K. G. came 
lliey txmd)leil to the name, 

And weshowL^d them what was meant 
by F»Mleration, 

»«^4h»«'*H»«.#^« #4^* #«« »# 


TN ii IVeeut Cs>«sular p^pt>rt refeiviice is ULide to u work hy Mr. 
I HoMie, the Bntisb Consul at Weiu-how (Cbiim), uii the subject 
j of ramie. Mr. HoBie j^ivps jin orijj^^inal translatiou td' au a.rtkde 
''^ ia the *' Nunif-Chi'iiL^ Ch'ilan Shu, " or *' Complete Treatint* 00 A|^ri- 
etiltui'«%'* publiBheil in 1H40. The treatise ^nves wliut nmy be called tht? 
standard aystem, iiud Mr. Hosie's object is to show how the praetift* 
differs from that in the Hau^chow province, Mr. Hosie eoufidently 
asserts that a Chinaman eiin exlrart fil>re from the j»eel at the rate of 
\2\ uz. au hour. There \^ no cleaiiJui^' required — the Hbre is cleaned 
in the process of extraction. He given the reHultH of exi>eriments. A 
bundle of jteel collected from lUO fiteixis in fifteen miaiites weighed iH ll>., 
aft^r steeping in the tub ♦d' water for some time, it was taken out 
and found to wei^di 4-\ lb. The workman at nnee toinnienced upon 
it, and in thirty minutes extiiicted the tibre wliich, iu its wet state, 
weighed \\ lb. It was then hnn^^ over bamlH>u8 in the open air and 
left to dry for six hours, when it weighed 6| oz. A similar bimdle of 
jri^el J ►reduced exactly the same result. Working ten hours a day, 
therefore, one man can produce 125 oz., or nearly 8 lb. of fibre ready 
for the market in a day. As a matter of fact, the workman told Mr. 
Hosie that be could extract 9 catties, or lOJf lb. a day, but he pjrefers 
to give 8 lb. as a maximum. Mr. Hosie then enters into some t^lcula- 
tions as to the probable outturn per acre. He estimates, from repeated 
measurements and calculations, that a croji of 80,000 stems can l>e 
reckoned per acre, giving, on the data shown alcove, Z\%\ lb. of dry 
fibre. Ah thrt*e crops are cut annually, Mr. Hosie ctjnsiders that the 
outturn may be held at nndt^r 9*37^ lb., the third croi> l>eing inferior in 
produce to the two others. The report also states tlial it is already so 
widely known that the cultivation of rhea oft'ers no difficulties, that it is 
needless to take further st4^ps to prove this, and that should a really 
useful and praetieable machine In* invented for ] ►re paring the fibre 
cheaply and efficaciously the inventor would fin* I it more to his advan- 
tage to patent the macliine jind t»lace it Ix^fore the public, mther than 
claim the Gc^vernment reward, which, unless made an unusually lai-go 
one, would not be commensurate with the advantages the inventor 
would l>e called Upon to resign. All the southern coast bne of the Hang- 
chow province. Ijeginuing near Taichow, alxmt halfway Ix'tvveen Ningpo 


and Wencliow, is favounible to the eiiltivation of rliea, This fihre is 
Ui^ed for making cordage, sails» sarky, tishiiig-iiots, and otker mut^^riab* 
of a rough naturt\ whili- the h«?mp imported from the river [»rovince8 
is iimde into ck>th aud comrnands a toiuparativel^v high prit*e. Much 
of the plaut ie wast^'d, owing to the crude and un scientific manner 
in which it is dressed. The leaves and green part are not used as a 
stimulant, as in India, With the iiitroduction of modern methods 
there is no doubt that this industry can be ivlaeed on a paying 
basis, — The Foreign and Colofiiifl liti porter and Briiisk Trade Bcinew, 

Now that the mechanical difficulties in (connection with the decortj- 
eating, (]egummiDg> and spinning of ramie, China grass, or rhca fibre 
hare Ix^en overcome, the cpiestioii of an adetjuate &up]*ly of this tibi*e 
demands attention. The few thousand Ixilct^ at present impoi'ted are 
quite inadequate to uu.^'t the demand which h arising, one whi^li there 
m every i^eason to l>elieve will ass n mo very considerable proportions. 
At present, it is cliiefly used as an admixture with silk and the lustre 
wools, now so fashionu!>le as dress materials. It is also being used 
for the manufactui-e of saibeloth, rojie and cordage for yachting 
purposes, its great strength, liglitness and durabihty making it f>. 
most effective snbstitutc for liemji. It is \i8eful again for the manu- 
facture of pay>er and guncutton ; but it will be as a siibstitiite for 
iiax and cotton that, we believe, the greatest demand will arise. That 
the industry has already as,suiiied pnictical shape and is of growing 
commercial importance, was amjdy denumstrated the other day when 
a reprcseutiitive oi the BrttM Trade JoHrfnil went over the work of 
the Ramie Syndicate^ at the Hythe End Mill, near Staines, This iS 
fully et|uipped and busily at work treating the HUrti as it comes fi-om 
the fields, and [>reparing it into yarn ready for the loom. The worku 
are fitted up with all the reqnisit<^ apjmratus for decorticating degum- 
ming, preparing and spinning. They are receiving orders for yams 
from Bmdford. Manch**ster and other textile districts, and at the time 
of our representative's visit they were busy on an order for 8,()U0 lbs, 
of yarn for sail-cloth weaving. The maximum output of the works 
at present is about 5,000 lbs, of filasse aud yarn per week ; but there 
is no reason wdiy considerable extension should not be made with the 
increase in the trade which must come when a greater supply of fibre 
is in the market. At present, this is the great difficulty with which the 
promoters of the industrv have to contend. The planters, faroiers and 
landed proprietors of the semi-tropical coiintrieg suited for rainie 
cultivation have not yet taken the business up on a large scale. The 
fluctuating pric^»s and the uncertainty as to a steady market hitherto 
operated against its general cultivation ; hut it is only reasonable to 
expei-t that with the proiits which rhea fibre will ensure, aud the steady 
market which may now \ye looked for, estate owners will see their way 
to put down ramie on an extensive scale. We are informed that a 
planter should make alx>ut .^15 profit per acre on this crop, for it 
requires compamtively little bibour, ramie gmwing from a plant which, 
when once rooted, will give three or four crops a year for sixteen or 
eighteen years, all that is required Wing ti» cut the stems a few inches 
from the Voot, which then sends up fresh shouts to form the Buccci'ding 



cni|». At ijivui'iit Jt'curiiciitfil fil»ire is worth ubout ^0 |ior ton, ami 
to df^>rtic*ite a siiripk* nmohim* uan he had to work hy himil or powtT. 
This will deal with ittbont li>M/)00 (tteiiiH |M^r day, first roug^hly l»rt»akiiig 
up the pulp and woody inU*rior of tht^ «ttmiK, and then finishing th*> 
work by passing theiu through ituuther set of rolh^s, whirh n'movti 
eTcn the very Mniallrsl partielua of wood and pulp, and lt*avt' the 
rihlK>ii8 or fibruus Inirk in a condition suitaMo for ti-ans miss ion to this 
catintry. If the j>kntcr is workings ou a large wnle, he ehould ako 
jirovide himself with the apparatus to carry out the next proeesf*. that 
of deguniuiiug the ribbon t^. This Ik don*^ by boiling them in eheniieal 
solutions. Dt^guuuued fibre fetehes. of eonrse* a better price than 
that whieli has be^n winiply removed or d*M'ortieatrd from the wood 
abrt»a/h the prtHietig of degummiug being always more effet-tual when 
carri<*d out when the ribbona are greeu, or iunnediatrly aftrr decorti- 
cating, than when some moulhw have elapf*ed. After degumming, the 
rt*M of the prcieesses are best i/arried out in England, They coneist, 
briefly stated, of bleaching, drving» softeuiug and spinning, and all of 
thee*-* we saw in ujjeration at the works al>ove mentioned. 

The Syndieate has reeeutly built a new spiuning d*-jiartmentp which 
h filled wit!i a eolleetiou oi inaehiues s|Hi'eially devis+rd for treating 
lumie. The first is a breaking aud ei^rdiug machine, from whieh the 
fibre (lassfS to th«" rlrawing frauu'H, tlhri to tiit- couilnng uiaehiiies, 
next to the fine drawing, ami than to the roving, M]?inning aud 
doubling frames, after wliirli a ret'iiug iijHrhiue puts it np int^> 
hanks of yarn ready for the trade. 

We have received a letti/r from a unniijcr of tlie Ramie Syndicate 
in whieh he quott-s an otBciul report, stating that planters in Mexicni 
have obtained a return of not h^ss thjui 145 yer cent, on the capital 
employed in the cultivation and preparing of ramie, using hand labour 
only. — BritM Ttad^ Jonnial, 

How to treat what is variously know-n as mmie, rhea, or China 
grass, BO as to comrert it into a remunerative industrial fibre, has 
^tated the textile manufacturing world for years past. 
This vegetable fibre is really a nettle which grows in a wild state in 
"^ul)- tropical cb mates, often to the height of 8ft. or 9ft „ and four 
and sometimes five crops of it can be oljtained in a year* while so 
prolific is it that sowing does not need to be renewed for the lengthy 
[period of eighteen years. 


The grass as it comes from China is a clean yellow strip, composed 
of tigglonierated fibres, held together by the cementious nuitter that 
has dried and hardened after the hand-scrapiug to which it has l>eeu 
subjected subsequent to the stripping from the stem. 

To soften and wash aw^ay this gum or resinous varnish, so aa to 
leave the fibres free and ready to l>e combed, it is boiled either in the 
open air or under preasuix* in alkali. Then it is bleached in a 
chlorine, 8uli)hnrous, or peroxide of hydrogen bath. Next it is combed, 
and the long fibres an* sejtarated from the short, and then the spin- 
niug liecemes quite as simple aud easy ad that of cotton or flax; the 




long iihre i« iapim iutu yunis of all iiuml>ers, unrl tlie short ones are 
used for inixiuj^ with wuol for the ch>th tntde. Bv tho ramk* ]>roce88 
what iH known an grassing Ihi^ V'^rn, which calcines and weakens it 
more or h-sa, its obviated, and by S5|»iiiiunij the wet fil>re all the loose 
hairy fibres are wra]>ped in, and a wiry and even thread is produced. 

Owing to the present iin(>roti table eultivation of the grass, caused 
by the price of labour, only 2,0U0 and 3,000 tons of it are grown 
annually in the Orient, and to-day dried hand- stripped rhea fet-ches 
4rl5 and ill 6 per ton, and China grass fibre as niueh as M*S^ j^er lull 
at Mincing Lane, These are, of course, prices at which it 18 impossible 
to utilise it with profit except for special things* such as sailcloths for 
yachts, hose pipes, cables, etc. 

The Syndic^ite* however, have sel themselTes the task of practically 
demonstrating the possil^ility of spinning the filire by special jdaut at 
a price to compete with tlax or ruobair and about one third tlic price 
of s|>un silk, and impress upon planters in sub- tropical districts that 
they can gi'ow ramie and treat it by means of ]>ortahle decorticating 
mafhines so as to send it to the English market at from ^ to J&S piT 
ton and a handsome ]>rofit. 

If this is done and a continuous supply of the fibre obtained, mills 
will spring up all over the country for the manufacture of a material 
remarkable for its wondeii'ul lustiv, elasticity and strength* 


At present ramie is used for curtains and lace goods, and holds it-s 
own against high-priced calendered llax and spun-silk yarns, while in 
the |ilush and velvet tradf it makes a showy cloth. But once it can 
l<e |*roihici'd at a reasonable |>rice, it has a wonderful future Ivefort* it in 
the Bradford and Nottingham trades, and also in its utilisation for 
the manufacture of strong cordage, twine, fishing- net yarns, cables, 
sailcloth, hose pi|jes, etc., which can l>e accomplished much cheaper 
than with llax or hemp. 


f 1^0 do Hul hold fmr$9lee9 reMponnible for the opinioHS ej^prtuhtd bg aur V&rreapoHdeni*.'] 

To f/it; Editor of tfw H clangor Journal. 

Dear Sib,—" A Selfish Planter *' accuses me in your No, S, dated 
23rd Decern ber» 1896» of a want of knowledge of the above subject ; 
by which, of course, ho meaos to assert that he knows so much more 
about it himself. 1 sincetely hoi>e he dtx^s. 

He says that my philanthroi^ical bunkT.un can only have bt^ii 
produced because 1 sadly feel the want of a. temjKirary loan myself; 
but, if that is not the case, he rectimmends that I shoidd start the 
bank myself and advance money to the young and needy planter free 
of interest, or let the vanous charitable associations of Selaugor reap 
the L»eEefit, 

Whether 1 am myself in want of a loan or whether I poesens all 
the wealth in the worid, dot*8 Uot affect the question. If the course I 




tiUgg^Bl(?d 18 a j^ood one. would it he bo luiy leas bet^iiusc 1 aluo might 
l*«?nefit liy it ? I am not at all atihaiiK*d to admit timt oiK-e tlieiv was 
a time when I badly waut^^'d moiv capitnl tu Imiig my t'stat^i^H iutt> 

Anwhere else in the world a man would in auch a uuse havi' l)t'en 
able to raise some money easily on his i>roiKTty. Hen* (Hie canDut, and 
I am speaking ther*'foiv with tho t^xiHirienee *jt a man wbo lias him- 
aelf felt the want uf a Imnk to advance money on g\>od agricultural 
lir*>|^rt.y in the Nativ*/ State**, 

I have tried i** inttTest haok-s and rumi)ani<^s in tliis Imsiness, and 
in these t-ndfavours I hav«/ luM-n SLHx»uded and su|tiK;irt4?d, out here as 
well as at home, by a gentleman oet-upyiug a high jjosition in tlie 
(rovemment Bervit^. 

There is no question of charity or philanthrojiy m my suggeslion, 
it is only a question of sound husiucss. If a man has invested, say 
?l«X),»X»U, in a proiJerty. and if that iirojM,'rty is well looked after, it 
sliould l>e sufficiently ^ood sci-urity ft>r at least another SfSOJJOO. 

The quest ion of iiitercstiu^f baukei*s and companies in the advan- 
tages to l:>e gained out of what, in Sumatra, we call "consignment 
contmcts/' I consider a matter wlvieh sliovild Vte taken up ity the 
Selangor Planters' Association a.s ttiie deeply concerning thi» 
interests of the whole plauting community, and if " A Selfish Planter** 
cannot see this and attempts to ridicule my suggestions, he is quite 
Welcome to do so an fur as I am concerned. The readers of the 
Journal are capable of judging for themselves, without the rays of ** A 
Selfish Plant* t'h '' unlimited intelhgoucc, what really is and what is 
not ridiculous. 

II. In dealing with "A Selfish Planter** 1 must use some indub 
gence, for I can clearly see that he Imuh not in the least grasped the idea 
of any of my schemes, and it is of no use to argue witli a man who is 
unable to comprehend you. But as there are a gtHiMi many other 
readers of the Journal besides '* A Selfish Planter," I would like to 
ex})lain that I never advocated that a man who has at Lonsidemble 
expense and trouble worked up a good connection in India shonhl 
allow Tom. Dick or HaiTy to tap his labiur source and thus endangm* 
the prosperity of his estate. 

I only a<iv«K;ated that th«' Planters* Association should take the 
initiative of organising a direct cooly immigration fnmi Indisi, thaf 
the Agents in India should Ir- the Agents i>f the Association and should 
deal with the A88**ci;ition <;>nly» while the Association again would 
deal with the individual planters. 

Such an arrangement is feasible and it would not interfen^ with 
anyl>ody*8 i>rivate arrangements or interests, but it would minimise 
any risk and facilitate the engagement of <'oolieH and make the 
position of the phinters all the stronger and more powerful. 

The sehcmcrerpiires a good deal of ihiu king over and working out ; 
Init this, lean judge from "'A Seltiah Plautrr's'' letter, is entirrly 
Ikryond him and his like. 

IIL The writer doubts whether I would, had I any technieul 
knowledge to impart my scli, lei the lirst comer reap the fruits uf it 



j-witbout anv '' «]ind pro quo." Prai.tioal pknt**rs will be able to Judj^e 
if my '•Notes on tho Cultivation of LilK^rian Coffee" <;ontaiued any 
tet'lmieal knowledge.* or nut ; atiybow. Imwever iniK'li or however littlo 
1 do know, I have published it for the l)enefit of those who may 
jjerhajis have less experienc^e than myself, thereby proving that I 
jiractice as I preachy which ** A SeMeh Planter** say^ he very much 

IV, Curing efttal>li«Iinients exist in ColomlK:>, where many of the 
Ceylon planters ^et their ert^p cured; they exist al»o in London, and 
[jlauters in South Auiei'icn, Braaiil, etc., do not think the difltanoe too 
far to tiond their erop there to be cured. 

Pulping requires very Uttle |iower and (fan therefore be done very 
cheaply ; what retiuires a good deal of capital is the eost and erection of 
an eng-iue and peeler and a suitable and strong sture f<L»r the niaehinery, 
aiid last but not least the lab<jur, which it is so difBcidt to procure on 
estates and which cau Ix* j^ot in towns and central j>oaitions ju 

The advantaife of joint cturin^^ establiahnu^nts has also been reoo^'- 
nised by practical planters in Selangor. Wardieburn. The Mount. 
Klaug Gates, fik?tai>akdale and other estates have one joint cuiing 
establishment ; but iu this, as in everything else which concerns the 
interests of planters, whatever has l)een accomplished, has lieen done 
by individual planters and not by the Planters* Association. 

V. ** A Seltish Planter" does not attempt a fair criticism of my 
articles, but only tries Ut be funny at my expense. As this affects 
only me iM-rsonally aud not in the least the important matter of the 
Cultivation of LilK^riaii Cuffee, T nmst leave it to '* A Selfish Planter's ** 
goo<l or bad taste io continue it to his heart's content: even a thini- 
class circus clown sueeeeds sometimes m making the audience laugh 
at his eheap and silly jokes, why sliouldnH " A Selfish Plaut>er " 
be e<jnally successful? — Yours faithfully. H, HlirTEZ^BACH. 


To the Editor of the Selan^&r Joi4i*rial. 

Sib, — The folh>wing gentlemen liavc been kind enough to accsede 
In tlie R'qucst «»f tlie Committee that they should act as collectors for 
the above Fimd. Mr, Edwards. Mr. Cromjitonj Mr. Beck, Mr. Douglas 
and Mr. Skeat, Ytai have also volunteered to acknowdedfge in your 
eulumns any contributions to the fund ]*aid in to you. Subscriptions 
may likewitte \*e paid direct to the Chartered Bank, Kuala Lunij»ur. 

I append a first list of subscriptions. Any amount, however smalb 
will be thjuik fully received, and acknowledged by the undersigned- 

H, C. RiDOES, Hon. Treasurer, 

A. L. Keyser, Esq. ... 
Sjim Kee 

K. M. L. Edwards ... 
Meftbiib. Dav antl Watkin» 

$ 5 

Chow Kit and CV .. 

.,. mo 


E B. SVinner 

. 6 


W. Ramsav 



Total' ... 61 2u 

No. 11.— Vol. Y.—oth Fehrmnj, 1897. 



HE Resident-Gonenil is oxpcrtod l)aek in Kuala Luiiiimr on 
the 8th instant. 

The Rcnidont, early in March, aft«n* the I'ornial oiu'niu^' of tlic new 
Government Offices, will take a trip lo Japan; Mr. Herriu^ton, on 
hifi way to Euro^x' <m ionj^ leave, will prohaMy accompany Mr. Rodger. 
Mrs. and Miss R<.»djfer will leave Selaiiiror lor Kuroj»e about the same 

On Tuesday last, the lion. C. W. S. Kynmrsley. Ki'.sident Coiincil- 
lor of Malacca, and Mrs. Kynnersley ]»aid a llyintr visit to Kuala 
Lumpur, on their way U> iVnauj^. 

LiEUT.-CoLONEL Walkkk, Connuaudant, M.S.G., was hcrelast week. 
During his visit several parades were h«'l<l on the plain, the (piestion 
of barrack accommodation was dihcusst-d, and he was present at a wet 
drill of the Selangor I'ire Brigade. 

The Hon. T. S. Bogaardt eamc up ))y last Sunday's Supphn, and 
attended a meeting of ]>rort)H*etive slian -holders of the proposed eooonut 
plantation and factory to l)e o]>ened at Kuala Selaiigor. Botii he and 
Major Pearse, who were guests at the Kesideuey. left on the following 
Tuesday by the i)Vi^j>/;/K/ for Singapore. 

Mb. p. N. Gerhard, m.h., appointed a District Surgeon, arrived 
on the 25th ult., with Mrs. Oernml. He will most ]»robably bo 
stationed at Kuala Kubu and be in eharge of the Ulu Selangor District. 
Mr. Williams, who has been in eharge of this district for so long, will 
soon be going homo on long leave. 

Mb. G. H. D. Boukne, oi the Straits Trading Co.. left en route 
for Europe on Tuesday last. Mr. Bourne, who won so much praise 
for his rendering of the part of Artaxominous in the recent ])erfor- 
manoe at the Selangor Club, will be greatly missed from our musical 
entertainments, and will be a loss to the choir of St. Mary's Church. 

When Mr. W. W. Douglas goes to Pi'ralc to take up his new 
appointment as Deputy Conuaissioner oi' IV.lice, it is lumoured that 


Mr. A. K<.*yser, Colle*.*tar and Magistrat*^, Jek'bu, will bu tmnsferred 
to the St?langor servirL^ as District Officer, Klang. Wo hear that 
ever J effort is l>eiuj^ made to efface those spots from the sun of 
Klaug aljoiit which a currespomlent oaee wrote to us. 

Mk, C, G, Ctlabbfoed is the wiuEer of the Berrington Gold 
Challeuge Medal for Golf for the year. 

Mr. John Wellfokii, Chief SurY«?yun has returned after fourteen 
niontlis' leave. He leavea Knahi Lumi>ur to-day on a duty visit to 
Perak. Mr. Geo. M. Stafford* who has been arting as Chief Surveyor 
during Mr. Wellford's absence, will soon l)e going on long leave. 

With reference to the recent fM^rfi>nnance l>y the ** Ply-bv-nights/' 
we are asked to state that it is intended to haud over the balance, after 
meeting all expenses, to the "Indian Famine Fund/' Hie thanks of 
Ihe mauajjement are due to Wing Oliicer Graham, who so well looked 
after the front of the house on each night of the jM-rforoiance. 

The local contributions to the Indian Famine Fimd. not counting 
the «um tu \m substTibed from the ** Fly -by- Nights/* amount to 
date to ^l,i37L51. Tiie subsmptions to the Steve Harper Memorial 
amouut to S:317. 

By the mail which reached here on the "2*>th ultimo, news was 
received of the deatli, on 30th Decemlier, of Mr. Alfred W. Harper, 
after a long and difttressing illness. The late Mr. A. W. Harjier 
joined the service in Ai>ril. 1884-, and for many years before going 
home on sick leave in February* 181*5, had held the post of Chief 
Clerk of C\»urts, Kuala Lumpur, a position in whieh lie rendered 
hard and valuable service to the State. Few men in their day were 
more iM^judar than the brothers Rteve and xilfred Harper, famous alike 
for their efficiency as public ijlHcers, their hospitality and the pro- 
mijieiit part they always took in all local "jamborees." Both have 
l>een cut off in the prime of manhood, and much sympathy is felt for 
Mr. A. C. Harper, the last of a locally famous trio. 

Me. Hugh Clifford, llesident of Pahaog, in his report for 
Becembi-r writers : — ** On 5th December, at 8 p.m., rain began to fall in 
sheets, and no pause or break occurred until 11 a,m- on the 8th Decem- 
ber, wh.^n the rain cease<l for an Ijour, and then fellas heavily as ever. 
On the 6th De<'*?mlMfr \'1\ inches of rain was registered, and on the 
7tb December 20 inches of rain was registered before the gauge waa 
waelie 1 away. It is estimated that 26 inches of min fell on this day 



^.ftloucr Tliu floo<] rose n-bovu the baiikH and *'(jtveretl iiu iiroa of many 
iK]Uare miles, nor did it liegiu to Hijbside uotil :25th Dewmber. . . . 
The Palmng Ri>ad is report<*d iu have lioeii under water for some days, 
and fonsiderable damaj^e it is autiei|>ut<*d will have lH?eu done t^ the 
earthwork. The eflFei-t of th*' tiuud ii|ion the lied of the Pahang River 
ciLanot yet be asc^^rtaiiied. but a new mouth has lieeu forced hy the 
FahaDg River at Tanjong Palcera. The effect of this n^ton the bar 
cannot be predicted at the present time. Only three deaths from 
drawn ing liave so far been rej>orted to me. It is exceed iup^ly unfortu- 
nate that during' this, the first year that Pahaug has been free from 
the danger of raids, we have been visited hy eholera, iind have since 
been injured s«j severely by this devastating inundation. " 

The rumours of imjieudtng troiiUe lK?tweeii defi*auded etiolies and 
defaulting mine owners wlueh croi* up as re^^ularly as (lie Oliinese 
New^ Year Comes round, have proved just as gixjundless this year as 
on fonner occasions. Apart from the cracker, quietude reigned in 
Kuala Lumpur ; the outside decoration of houses in the U>w^n was very 
scanty, and the strict mummers, wuth drai^ous' heads and " muaie/* 
were nearly altogetlier absent- — this, dovdjiless, being signs of depres- 
iion. On the other hand, the favourite drive of the Chinese com- 
munity on the tMrcasion of a holiday. Petal ing Street, was on each 
atlernoou crammed chcitk full of v<.4iicl<*.H and i>e[lestrians, and 
everyone in hijjrb spirits; tin.' p^>liee !iad all their wurk io *h* to re^'idate 
the tniflic, U^cause John's ideal of a holiday drive, whether he he in 
'rikisha, gharry or carriage, is to pass anything that is in front — in this 
he is very like liis European brother. Whether in some instunees 
coolies have had to take rather less iii the sliape of accumulated wages 
than they exjiected we are unable to say ; but we can very heartily 
and sincerely wish the Chinese community from the Captain China 
down to the latest arrived sinkheh, all i^^ossible success and prosjierity 
in the year that has just begun. 

The usual precautions were taken by the S.F.B. for dealing with 
an\ outbreak of fire occurring in town during the Chinese New Year 
holidays. Fortunately nothing, beyond a false alarm on Tuesday 
night, occurred to call the men out. 

As the regular monthly meeting of the Selangor Club held on the 
23rd ult., when Mi.*ssrs. R. O. Watson, Vice-President, A. E. Bligli, 
Secretary, L. Dougal, C. E. F. Sanderson, W, Tearle, and E. A. O. 
Travers were preseut, Messrs, Ciinnell, Pountney and Severn were 
elected members of t!ie Clul». 


MEsaRS. A. S. Baxendale, J. L. Welch and L. B. Von Bonop have 
been addi^d tt» the Comii\ittee of the Btlaiif^'ur Museum. We are very 
glad indeed tu hear that the latier j^eutleman ha^ cuusent^d to dis- 
charge tlie dutit*s cif Huu. SeeretarVt a iiost in which he has done bo 
much ^ood work for the Museimi. 

Messes. C W. Hewgill and J* H. M. Robson have been licensed 

to act as Eegistratiou Agents and Laud Brokers under Regulation 
IV, of 189 L The former is also ai>pointed a "Qualified Witness" 
under the isame Reguhttiun, 

It is notified that all advocates admitted to practise before the 
Judicial CommissioDer are entitle*! to practise in the court of the 
Chief Mai^istrate, The same Guzeile contains the rules for regulating 
the admissiuu of advociites t** the courts, as well as for susi.M?uding 
them or striking them off the roll a ; rules fixing the table of fees and 
costs to be chargeable by a^lvocates ; and rules for i*egulating the 
practise and procedure of all the ciiurts of the State, 

" It is said that Mr. Dougks Campbell will act as Secretary to H.E, 
the High Commissioner as soon as he returns. We knew that Mr, 
Wise was shortly going on leave, and had expected that Mr. Butler 
would have acted for liim, Mr, Can ip bell possibly taking Mr, Butler*s 
place as Secretary to the Resident -Genetah Mr, Douglas Camplwll 
is a mail who undoubtedly owes part of his good fortune to an 
extremely agi'eeable manner, and to a natural shrewdness which serves 
liim in lietter stead than a high-class education would have done, 
Mr. Campbell has just missed universal j)opularity by his uncontrob 
able desire to occaHiiPually say smart things at other peoples' exj>ense. 
But among his intimate friendw the real ring of the metal is under* 
etood and he is much liked in consequence." — Malay Maih 

Thk Assistant District Officer Ulu Selaugor reports as follows :^ — 
" One grievance of tlie miners has sevend times during the last few 
munths been brought to my notice: both in Serendab and Rawang 
there are a large number of pettj dealers in tin ore. They are said 
to be t.oo numerous to Ixf able to make a livelihood if they confined 
themselves to legitimate operations; and they are alleged to make 
theb' |*rofits, in a great measure, by receiving and purchasing tin ore 
from the thieves who, undeterred by frt*quent convictions^ are always 
being caught stealing from the mines. Two or three suspicious cases 
hare l>een brought before me, but it is diflBcult to get suiGcient 
evidence to convict of receiving stolen tin ore, knowing it to be 



" TT never rainfl but it jnuirs/* and aftt?r being pleasinglj astoniuhc'd 
I and drlight^d liy tli*^ porfonivances of the *' Fly-by-Ni^lits/* tlio 
J inhabitiiJits of Kuala Luuipur were entvi-taiued ou the nij^dit of 
thv 23rd ultiQio, hy tlu*, to U8 in Selrtnpn% novel oxliibition uf an 
asitault-at-itrms. provided by the local detaohmejit of the Malay Statt's 
Guides, i>n the fjreen in fi'ont of the Selan^or Club. It was a happy 
id#si to make ilio sbuw au after- dinner «me autl to hold it in the open 
air; the lighting waa fairly siitiKfucUiry — two Wehrs li'4its behmging 
to the 8,G,R. hemg the chief aonrce of illumination — and the ground 
was well kept, the }>ol>lie at no time being allowed tn <*nter the 
** arena/* Indeed, the tirran^ements throu^'hout reHetted ^'r«»at credit 
on Win^ Officer rirafiani, who for Rome time | trior to the meeting; 
had been devoting himself to the object of making' the exhibition the 
Buecesfi which it undoubtedly was§. Ea^er as we are to claim all that 
is podftible for Selangor» we must admit that the initiative in two of 
the most surcessfid show^s we have had hen,^ — the burlesque itud the 
aasault-at-arins— have been taken by officers hailing from our sister 
State. However, it ia a case of give-and-take: Pcrak roblx^d us of 
our champion billiard -player, it abftorl>ed into its Police an officer 
whose dry Irish liumour was proverbial, the ^aiue Iniiuch of itH service 
m taking another who is 8im[>ly a terror among wild pig, and if niniour 
Ml not lying she will soon have a Selangor official whose organising and 
administrative abilities in connection with Sanitary Boards has a 
more than hx-al fame. However, this is all bv tht* way and quite a 

The company as^^iembled was, it is needlees to say, a distinguished 
one: it would be ini|>ofisible now-a-days for an asbcmbly of Kuala 
Lnmpur folk to bo described by any other term : this is owing to our 
rapid progress. On this occasion the hcid <*f the Government and 
Mrs. and Miss Rt>dger were present. The verandalis tipstairs and 
down were crowded, everyone seemed in liigh spirits, and some quite 
i^ger to assist in the performance \ indeed, the Kesidcut Engineer for 
the S<^langor (xovernment Stati? Railway persoually superintended a 
Weld's light and gave one or two exhibitioua t»f what in the days of 
our childhood we should have called *' golden rain/' Messrs. Watson, 
Severn and Hubback, dressed as clowns, devoted themselves to the 
by-no-means easy task of playing the fool : considering with what 
ea«e we most of ns often perform the part unconsciously, this oiay 
Boimd strange. However* considering that there weus no Ringnuister^ 
without wh<jm a circus clow^n is as much lost as would be hia brother 
of thi- pant^unime without a i>oliceman — the efforts of these three 
gentlemen were fairly successfui Not to mention two native elownSr 



who ma J have afforded some amusemoiit to tlieir fellow-countrymen, 
we fancy there waa too much clowu for tlic sTiialJ ofiportiinities for 
fon — one, or two at most, woul<l liavo lH;^eu liettcr. Mr. Watson's 
act with euonnoiia (hollow) luilian Anhs, which would have been a 
real good tiling, was spoilt at the start hy tlie hawdh^ of one giving 
way ; and a Iwut with Japanese qiiarter-stuvcs l>etween Messra, 
Watson and Sevem was lirouglit to an altnij>t coocluaion from the 
same cause. Another ^entlemaD, who assisted, was Mr. C. 'H. Maxwell, 
and liis pei-formances on the horizontal bar, iW parallel Itfirs and the 
vaultiug horse were very pfood indeed. 

A short programme of dance music had lx*en anunged for the 
close of the evening; hut owin;,' to the late lionr at which the perfor- 
mance finished there were but few kdien left, and, to the dismay of 
some wIr^ are never tired, the pri>gramme, short as it was, was curtailed. 
The only thing about the dance worthy of comment » was a set of 
lancers with strange and bewilderiug coinbinationfi. 

We give lielow a list of the exercises given ; and liopc that Captain 
Talbot and his men will ere long again enttTtain us with a similar 

1.— Phvsical Drill, with anus, to the time of the baud. — A good jKjr- 
formance l»y a Sfinad of IfJ men. 

2.^ — Horizontal bar— -An excellent peH'oiTOanee l\v Messrs. Gmham 
and Maxwell and a team of 10 Indiana. 

3. — Bayonet ik Bayonet. —A bout took |ilac«^ between Messrs. Graham 
and Sergeant Kirfa! Singh. We would not like to say which 
one ought to have expired from the piuiishment received. 

4. — Bayonet Exercise, done without word of command from march- 
ing' in to marching out. Itut simply by signals from the right- 
hand nmn. This was a great success, an<l the right-hand man 
and squad deserved the prais*? they earned for their excellent 
time and precision, 

5. — Parallel Bars. — A good display was given V>y Messrs. Graham and 
MaxwfU and the same snuad that worked the horizontal bar. 
The long arm inandiew, changes ami saluting by Sergeant 
Kirfal Singh and Private Thammer Singh won loud applause. 
The p?rfMrmance ended with the fountain combination, which, 
like the i-ombination on the horizitutal l)ar, was much admired. 

6.^ — Sword r. Sword. — A bont l>etwecn Captain Talbot and Mr. 
Giaham. Owing to the absence of chalk and sufficient light 
this was not the success it might have been. 

7. ^Musical Drill, by a squad of 18 men. — Like tho Bayonet exercise 
the men opened tHit and t Inaed without any word of command 
and went tluough live exercises to popular tunes in excellent 
times. This was loudly encored. 

8. — Fencing, this item was not given, the light being considere^l m* 



9. — Boxing. — Captain Tallxit iiia<l IVIr. Baj^nall eui^at^od the attention 
of the speetatorH fur a shurt time, but tln^ ijittLT was too light 
for the weight and reach against hini; I>e8ide8, we hear that 
two davs previuuslv he had huit his bu'k liadly, hence wai 
easily kut^cked out. These were follow<Kl by two Indians, wljose 
anties with the ^^loves were rather anivising. 

10 — Club Swingintr.— Heavy ebd>K. w« i;,diiii;^' 8ome 40 lb». eaeh» were 
well handled l>y a Sikh. Mr Hidpbark gave a perforinance 
with light clul>s. 

11. — Bajonet v. Sword.—Ajfaia Mr. Graham (»Sword) and Kirfal 
Singh (Bayonet) met. The Buyonrt (VmX not smeeed in guttiny 
a point home, and after many th runts and guard h were executed, 
Sword secured a clean cut <m the head of his «>fiponent. 

12.^ — Vaulting Horse.^ — The squad uud(»r Mr. Graham* assisted hy Mr. 
Maxwt*ll, ended the show with a very clever exercise. 



" T^En?ER late than never"— this is the second notice commencing 
Tj nith a proverb; what Utile originality we possessed has luvn 
I frighten clI away i>v the thuught of two c<mi]>etitorB in the 

^ field, not counting the Pentk Piottcer which indeed is giving us 
some real news alM>nt Ivuahi Lturqnu' in eaeh issue: who tvi « Ije itg 
corre*jpondent r In tluH coimection^ althiJUgh tpiite out of ]>lace in 
this article, we really nuist (piote one delicious Int tliut ati[»eared in 
the last numbiT to hand : "Since the band of Selangor has so much 
improved it ia now allowed to j>lay out on momdight nights." The 
hardihood of the writ<"r is amazing^unless he is such a fivsh comer 
as uot io know that for t*ome years jirior to Federation tjie Band 
Committ*?e was a body c^uiipo.Hca mostly of ladies. *' Fools mwh in, 
etc.** Another ]>roverb. Still, has the bam! improved? and if so, 
^ince when l'^ The question of there l>eing room for improvement we 
will refuse to disjcuss. Apropus of correspondents, the P. P. gets a 
variety. Not long ago ihey had one who intVrruietl them that not only 
was building at a standstill in our town, but tluit half its houBes 
were empty; while another has just written to say that quite an 
impetus has been given to budding, and jiointg to a ** fine mansion" 
nc-aring completion on the IVtaling hills: thi* '* tiiie mansion*' has 
(wH^n dragging «uit a ]>rolunj^'ed and ]t«inful periiHl of construction for 
nearly three years, we should say. Again, we were ay:reeably shocked 
to run up against Mr. A. C. Har|K*r in town this morning, after having 
read of his death in the P. P. Another di^rrebsi^m ; let ub get aJong 
to the Christmas Treat. 

From one reason or another t her<^ had btrn a great di^al of un- 
certain ty as to whether there would l»e a treat for the children thrR 
year; how this idea arose we are unable to say, all we know is that 
the existence of the doidjt was a foHunate thing for some children, 
because first Mr. and Mrs. Tearlc^determiiKMl thiit 'Railway cbihlren " 
ahoidd not want bu' a tree, gave a Christmas Treat to that se<"tion of 
our juvenile community, and then Mr. and Hr«. Nicholas gave a tree 



and troat to u tJi'lect ^'^athmiig of otliur youug'sters ; wliilc on Thurs- 
day, tbe 28th ultimo, came off the *' ^Taiid and eoloasar* treat for 
chihlren of all natioimlities, and all i-laasee, whether they eamo under 
the term '"Railway" or ** seh'rt ** or mine leas fortunate heading. 
The Resident and Mrs. Rodger kindly |*kced the Residency grounds 
at the disposal of the Committee, and, wliirh appealed rather more 
strongly to the teuder Busceptibilities of the yuiing, snpi>ljed a tea at 
which cake and other gtiodies ti|rured largely, Thi« is the first time 
the gathering hjis taken place in the open air; a method we suggested 
last yeur. There is no room or hall in the place large euuugh to 
hold the crowd, and those who remember the heat and atm«i8i>here 
of the Masonic Hall last year, and the sufferings of those who had to 
hang round the Christmas tree with its mass of hghts, must l>e thank- 
ful that the present course was adopted. It js also the first time that 
a tea has been provided for the children, hitherto after the distribution 
of toys they have lx*en regaled un oranges and Iwigs of sweets. The 
arrangement, too, for giving out the toys was an improvement on pre- 
yiouB years. 

The clerk of the wt^ther was nut quite the sort of fellow we could 
have wisheil him to be ; but now that we are federated the greater 
portion of us must not exptK?t too much ; and, after all said and done, 
the weather like the effects of Federation mighi have been much worse. 
The rain pi>urt'd down during the ♦•arly afternoun. and played havoc 
with the toy-tablci^, ranged under the Ca|>taiii Cliina's tent— what that 
tent has covered at different timeni it would be hard to enumemte ; we 
alwavt; give it a quiet nod of recognititm when we meet it at a 
function, and mnrmur suftly " Hello, you here again ! What is it this 
time : *'ake and ale or prizes ? '' On one certain occasion we saw the 
tent covering only some empty chairs : it hud been set a[>art for 
visitoi-s, but possibly the visitors did not eairc for the |x»sitiou for 
they would have none of it, and when we eame on the scene the tent 
seemed to mournfully shake its cjinvas head and say, **Look here, you 
kpow me: just see whiit I*ve come to!'* The tirst thing we do on 
attending any t»f»en air function is to look round for the Captain 
Chilians tent and exchange greetings with it — esfiecially if it is covering 
eake and ale. We are digressing agalTi : two days* hohdaj in Kuala 
Lumpur, accompanied by crackerj^, aft'eits the intellect. 

Between four and five o'clock the rain sto[>i>ed, and although it 
looked threatening there was no more rain during the remainder of the 
evening. The hill u|» to the Residemy was alive with veliicles, mostly 
'rikishas, and the Ri?,sident and Mrs. and Miss Rodger received the 
guests^ both old aud young, as they arrived, and quickly led the 
children *»tf to the tea- tables ; large as tlie nccommo<lation was, 
however, they could not all sit down at once, but had to have tea in 
two parties. We believe that tht*re were considerably over 200 chil- 
dren piresent. There were plenty of visitors is411ing to attend to the 
wants of the youngsters, and it did one good to watch the genial 
"J. K/' pouring out cups of tea or towering over some diminutive Baba 
child with a cake almost as big as herself. Tea over, a move was 
made to tlie tent ; here the toys were set out on five tables* Mri. 



Wiitking ami Miss Kodgcr were in charge of the table containing tovB 
fi»r infants uucler two years of age ; Mre. Norman looked after the 
table with toys f»jr girls from two to mx, and Mrs. Haines and Mrs, 
Bt^lluujy after that for boy 9 of the game age ; Mrs. Syers and Mrs. 
Sjiooner gave out the toys for j^irla from ah to thirteen, and Mrs* 
, Waj^iier had charge of that for the boys. Mr. Haines was a kind of 
I ]>re»iding distributing^ gen iurt, looking after those whose tickets were 
hlot, or lK>re a wronjt,^ n\inilK*r, or were in any way l>efo^ged or inizzled. 
fEvery cart' had been taken to avoid this latter eontingent'y, however, 
for eitch table l»ore a distinv'tivo colour and the invitation card of each 
child was of a similai eolunr to that of the table on which its claas of 
toy was to lie found ; the card alKO l>nre a numt>er correBponditig to a 
r aumljer affixed to the toy, and an endeavtiur. was made to introdut^ an 
[element of nncertainty by nnnd)erinj< tmrds and toys, respectively, at 
''different tiint*9 by different people. At ei^ht o'clock the saJiie morn- 
ing the ladii-fi had met at the Residency to unpack, arrange in clasHes, 
ajad numl>er the toys, as well as to decorat*? the orthodox Chnsttnas 
tree, and had been busily engaged on this work until 11 a.m, A v«^ry 
pretty and effective decoration was made round the front of the tent 
with flower Imekets, presented, we believe, l>y the Captain China, 
BotJi at the giving out of toys and in the races and games held after- 
wards Captain Ta Uxit, Messrs. Severn, R. G. Watson, A. S. Baxendale, 
A. R. Vennmg and G. Browne assisted ; as well, of eourae, as the 
Inspector of Schools, the Rev. F, W. Haines. Races for boys and 
nices for girls, and iirizes, as well as games, inclnding that dear old 
drone ** Here we ^o round the nndberry buiih," l>rought the Christmas 
treat to a close. To the Resident and Mrs. Rodger for giving the use 
of the grounds and providing the tea, and to the many ladies and 
gentlemen who iissisted, we feel sure that we are doing what the 
children would wiAi when we thank them in their name, and also to 
l»eg that, next year, there may by giving timely Uiiticc be no doubt as 
to the fact tliat thr nsua! Christmus Treat will be held — how. when 
and where. 


THE thuroiighbred griffins, which arrived here and were drawn for 
last Monday* have given almost universal satisfaction, and I 
must sfiy that I have never seen kulIi an excellent lot of horses 
come up from Austnili!! as gritting. The one whirh takes my 
fancy most is a big thcKtmil mare by SjfutJIntir from Yoiuiif Duefy 
Sufi Hhi* was drawn l>y Miijor Pearse and Mr, A. S. Murray, of 
Singapore, and even now she li>oks fit enough to carry either of her 
owners to hounds, though they are neither of them what you might 
call light weights. 

Another big horse is a six-year-old liav, son of King of (he liintj 
and Shade, drawn by Mr. Mttt^hell ; he afso is in splendid condition, 
an <l already a c<m tide utial hack : whether he can gallop or not it is 
early to say, but judging by looks l»e shoiill give a good account of 



Captain Talbot and Dr, Travcrs Lave drawn a f on r-y ear-old bay 
i*nlt by Land thorough fivim The Fish, He to<:)k everyone's fancy very 
muili at the inspection, lie looks a good, liardy, wear-and-t-ear sort, 
though his three white feet, star atreak and snip detract a bit from 
his good lK>dy. 

Messrs. Edwards and Thompson are the owners of a four-year-old 
l»ay eolt by Delta frt>ni Pferless ; he is a little bit low in condition 
and has a bad knee, but in my opiuiou ho has the makings of a real 
good horse. 

Yap Hon Chin has a bay gelding by Firtil ConsuJ from Dinah who 
looki^ to me quite up to the average. 

A very racy looking chestnot eolt was drawn by Mr. Walsh ♦ he is 
by SatKltihorontjh from Bardo; I saw iiim on the course this morning, 
and although very green he carries himself like a well-bred 'un. 

Tiiwkay Lok Yew drew what h described as a bay gelding, though I 
shoidd call him most distiurtly a roan; he is a gnuidly made horse 
in front, but falls olTf a I jit behind ; however, this will not be so notice- 
able when lie ^^ets a little eouditiou on him, and I shall expect to see 
him turn into a handsome horse. 

A four- year- old l>ay filly became the prof:M:*Hy of Messrs. Pogter 
and Lutyens, and though p<:Thaim a little on the small side I shall 
expect to see her run well. 8h*» is well bred enough for anvtJiing, 
being by Mami out of a mare by Dolon, Mana being a son of 

TamlxKJsamy Pillay drew a chest nut filly by The Bohmdan from 
Nnntthhj Lass ; she is a bit cut about, but wjlli eare should l^e in work 
very shortly, she iloes not impress me quite so much as some of the 
others, but 1 shall prijhal>ly have to ehan^jje my «:>pin!on before many 
weeks are over as ITiear her owner is more than satisfied. 

Mr. Rnl)ert Meikle has, I think, a good mare in the bay filly by 
Bosw&rih from Brrnda; she is a bit pour just nt»w but has one of the 
d«*epest girths I have ever seen in a h<»rse of her si?ie. 

Me8si"s. Bagnall and King hail Imd lurk in drawing a brown colt 
by Mana, as he lias a bad ^o of strangles iind also a capped hock, 
whether ealonsed or not I can't say ; it is unftirtunate, as he probably 
will not lie able to Ih' jiut \n w*»rk as soon as the others; however, if 
he pulls round quiekly I shall expect to see him turn into a good 

Mr. Swettenham has a fine upstanding chest ntit filly which looks 
all over like going, but T can't say very much abmit her nn T have only 
seen her Ln the stable. 

The Messrs. ToynlxH* dn>w a welbbred looking black colt, pedigree 
unknown ; he was sent in mistuke ft^r a bay fiUy by SandHhormajk trom 
thr Arrow. Whether his owners will ki^p him or not I can*t say, but 
they might go farther and fare worse. 

A r»bestnut ^eldiu^ by Barricade from Carmine was drawn by 
Mr. Nieholas. I do not know much alnnit him exee|it that he has been 
named (Jummunht and that his owner thinks that he won't be laai. 

The Mah in the Lau^ko, 




1\ l[ INUTES of a General Meefinjr bold in tho Sekngor Club 
y\^ on Satmxlav, 23rd Januarv; 181)7, at 10.30 sum. 

/ Present: Mt'ssrs. E. V. Carey (Chairman), Dougal, Meikle, 
Walker, Lake (Members of Committ'ee) ; Prior, Renclle, Darby. 
R, C. KindL^rsley. J. Glassford, Hfttteubaeb, A. D. Douglas, T. H. Hill. 
Calloway, M. Stonor, Sbepher*!. Swau, Loke Yew, Chan Sieii Lim and 
Tom Gibson (Hon. Secretary). 

Vrntora: Messrs. Bumke and Barnwell. 

1. Tho Chaimian informed those present that the Committee were 
of opinion that a repre^entutive of the Mnhitf Mail should be aUowed 
to attend the General Meeting's of the Akwh iatit>n, provided his notes 
were submitted to the Chairman or Secretary before l>eing piibUsbed, 
which was agree<l to by the meeting. 

2. Notice eallin}^ the loeetinp: having btH*n taken as read, the Hon, 
Secretary read tlie rainutcH of the last General Meeting;. 

Mr, Hiittenbaeh objected to the wording of fiara. 8 in minutes and 
said tbat it did not reprcseut what i-eally took jdaee, he therefore pro- 
posed ccrtaia altcrationH in this paragraph, but, un this being' put to 
the meeting, lie j^'ot no support and it wan resolved that the minutes 
stand as printivl and were eon fir mod, 

3. Read letter to GovernmoDt Secretary submitting eeiiaitJ addi- 
tionu to the ** Federal Pniduee Protection Enact ineut, 1897/* as 
rei*ommended by the AsHoeiatiou. 

4. Read letter to Government Secretary forwarding copy of resoln- 
tion passed at last meeting re tho sale rvf port wine and enclosing 
c;*>pY of Dr. Bott.'s amilysis. 

Also reply from Government to the effect that the necessary st^ps 
were l>eing taken to put a stop to the sale and h>ea] manufacture of 
this concoction. 

5. Read letter to Resident-General asking whether fresh legislation 
OH Coh>nial lines was meilitated for tht* Federated Malay States with 
reirard to protection of Imlian immigratitH, and the Kesideiit-Generars 
reply io the effect that probal>ly such legislation w<juld take j>lace. 

6. Read letter to Government S^^jcretary forwarding copy of re8*>lu- 
tioD te the admis.^ion of lawyers to all the Magistrates' Courts of the 
Federated Malay States, 

7. The Chairman informed the meeting that he had been in com- 
munication with Mr. Matthiew, of Siglap Estate, who had written 
offering to deliver a coiu'se <»f lectures on the suliject of Ramie, pro- 
vifled the S. P, A. or jdanters would ])ay cost of passage to Kuala 
Lumpiin etc, and that he bad written for further information on the 

8. Mr, Carey also informt-d the meeting that Mr. Gunn, of the 
Siugaftore Exchange, liad written lo s;iiy he found it impossible to sup- 



ply cloBinj? market pricefl of Liberian CoifcM? in London, m au offort 
wtiuld soon Lx' made to get tlie mf^Jiujation diret^t from London, Mr, 
Hill aui^geated tluU a moutlilv quot^tiou slioidd lx» got dire^'t and it 
was resolved that enijtiiries be imide as to cost of same, 

9, Mr. Carey proposed and Mr. Hill seconded the follomnjij resolu- 

"That in view of the import ant extensions now beinf< undertaken 
by the Government of road» and railways in out-of-the-way distrit'^s 
where, unloss tempted by the indueement of higher wa{<^6, labour will 
be exceed injily difficidt to procure, the Government be asked what 
Hteps are being taken to put into effect the recommendations of the 
Laliour Commission with regard to the importation of their own 
lalxjur by the PAV.D., Railway and Government contra<H4>rs, and 
tiiat it l>e again pointed out to the Government that the Planters 
must lose heavily on the defection of labour which will Ix^ the inevi- 
table result of the abnormal rates offered in the Ulu.** 

Mr. Hiittenbaoh proposed as an amendment ** That Government 
be aak^^d t«» fjicilitute Tamil immig^nition by offering a eubsiely to 
Coromaudel Coast steamer^ to inrry n«^rirtilttirnl hilumnrs to fli** 
Straits at a reduced rate/' 

Failing a seconder the amondmcnt fell through and the on^juxai 
reRolution was carried with one dissentient. 

10, Mr. Carey i»ropo8od and Mr, Gibson seconded the followin^f 
resolution — viz., 

'* That the notice of the Government Ije drawn to the prominent 
(tr ntion which has lately been attr*u:ted to the Ramie industry, and 
f liar, ana prtdiminary measure, they Ix^ asked to invitee an expert to 
visit Selangor and report, upt»n the fniital>iUty of the various diatrieta 
for the cultivation of thiM valualilc product" 

After a few remarks from Mr. Huttenliaeh. who thought the! 
planterii should j^ay for the expert themselves^ the resolution in bt'Ing 
put to the meeting was carried. 

11, Mr. Lake projK>8ed the following resolution;— 

''That the opluiou of the S.P.A. he aske^l with regard to the 
adviiiability t*f estAbhf»hing Govcrnnicnt reserves of two I'ljuins Ixmnd- 
ing all agricultural holdings." 

Mr. Hutteuba<:h did mit think su<'h action necessary, and tis the 
g<?neral feeling of tlie nictating wiis not in favour of the motion, the 
matter dropped. 

Mr. Carey also infijrmedthe rne«*ling that he had retjeived a letter 
from ft Japanese gcnlh'man int<Tiste<l in the export of laliour from 
Ja[an* and hoped to girc thr Aswcxnaiion some reliable information nn 
the subject later on. 

The [meeting terminated with a vot - of thanks to the chair ;u 
11,45 a.m, 


The Annual General Meeting of the Selangor Planters' Association 
will be held in the Reading Room of the Selangor Chib on Saturday, 
the 20th February, 1897, at 10.30 a.m., to transact the general business 
of the Association and to consider any other j)oint8 of which due 
notice may have been given to the Committee. 

Dbapt Agenda of Business. 

1. — To read and if approved confirm the minutes of last general 

2. — ^To consider certain correspondence with Government. 

3. — To consider any other points of wliich due notice may have been 

4. — To read the annual report for 1896 and to submit a statement of 

5. — To elect office bearers for 1897. 

Thb Annual General Meeting of tht* shareholders of the Selangor 
Masonic Hall Company, Limited, will \yQ held at G p.m., on Thursday, 
the 18th instant, at the Masonic Hall, Kuala Lumpur. 

The " Moralist" in the Straits Times writes: — ** So it seems that 
newspapers breed news^mpers. So soon as the MaJ^y Mail was esta- 
blished in Kuala Lumpur, there comes a prosj>ectus of another English 
paper — and queer English, too ! — and now #e learu that there is to 
be a Chinese newspaper there. Well ! why not Y Kuala Lumpur has 
a railway station, and it has electric light, which is more than Siuga- 
pore has. Why should it not also have a series of newspapers ? '* 

" I HAVE received many complaints throughout the district of the 
damage done to the young pad i by rats. Father DiridoUou informs 
me that he estimates that half of the crop on the Tamil mission land 
has been destroyed by these vermin, and in other parts of the district 
their depredations have been very great. The Land Office has a 
supply of poison in store for sale to planters, but I fear that this 
method of dealing with the nuisance is not very effective. It might 
be worth the consideration of the Government to appoint a com- 
mission to enquire into the best means of destroying these pests, 
which may certainly l)e termed the worst active enemies the padi has. 
Padi-borers, etc., may be destroyed during the hot season, when the 
ground is thoroughly dried, but the rats ai)pear to be always with 
us." — Krian Monthly Bejjoii. 





.»TT TELL/* as Mr. Fundi said ot the Jubilee, " it*s been a great 
Yy success, and now let's all ^et back to work again.** Oil yes, 
J tlmt all right , we do work occasiunally. even in the Native 

"^ States, 

Wondei^fnl hoTv fast the Esmtmlda goes now*; in Singai>oi"e before 
we knew wiiere w^e were ; l>etVir«:* anyone else did, apparently ; but that^s 
another matter, A hospitable l;»ank across the road, quite nice. List 
of kind Iiosts produced by lilaiid member of SingajK^re team and 
gharries do the rest. Atmosphere of Chinese New Year over every- 
thing, I am told that seTcral of the team i»ut in an appearance at 
church in the evening, but that my friend the Archdeacon with com- 
iriendable t^aution omitted the jirayer for fine w^eather. This led to 
** Another nice bright morning, Cidonel," as the newly arrived S\ib. 
remarked to his C O. of 30 years* Indian ex{>erieuce, and a pitch — 
well, it was what the batsmen made of it — that is, 23 wickets went 
for 134 runs: some due to the bowlers and some to Mr, Punk—you 
can work out the proportion for yourself. ** Nothing in it,** remarked 
th'.' genial President, as we stood at the bar at ihe vu*} of the day*s 
play, and having examined my tumbler and arnved at the same eon- 
eiu&ion we had one more apiece. 

In the evening we all went to the Tanglin Club, where the Rifle 
Hrigatlc B^tud played as tjaey alone can, while we danced on a capital 
Moor until the Captain, mindful of tlie uioiTow, sent us home. As I 
wiis leaving the gay scene I noticed a solitary iigure in a corner. I 
ajiproached and found H, F. H. singing quietly to himself. He didn't 
see me and continued his refrain — 

Oh, what a surprise, 

An innings without any byes, 

and there wasn't much room for them with only 38 acorcnl, wan there ? 
The next morning saw Singaixire denuded of vehicles, not a ricksha 
to be had, and they teU me there are 6,000. When I reached the 
Pavilion I fell up against Mae who, brushing away liis tears, told rae he 
waa to have his second wucket the day before. And so it turned out. 
The umpires had sat up all night with wet towels round their heads 
studying the '* Laws of Cricket," and when morning dawned the 
question was decided. The man was stumt>ed and so Mac and 
H. F. B. were comforted and we proceeded to alter the geore book. 

At a comer I came upon a young gentleman, who had evidently 
seen the kst extra out the night Wfore, shouting the odds. I mildly 



(Lfiked if he really knew what he was sayiuj?, and UAH him if he wished 
to lose his money bo was ^oing the best wav ai>out it in offfrin^ 2 to 1 
on Singapore. 1 didn't see hinr ayain, l*ut I hope for his sake he Xiyok 
my advice. And it was jirreat ; Neubrunner played with the patience 
of Gunn when neario^ his C4mtury, and the way John tajijied them 
was worth comin^^ down U\ set\ 

However^ Mr. Editor, your young man who sits in the aeoring box 
can tell yoii all that hapfiened, but I must confess t4» having felt a bit 
queer when the l^iard showed (>U for only two wickets. However, all 
went merrily again, and when '* Ba^'gs** snapped vij) Hollond at point 
the Fusbosian veil told us we were at last *' in sight of home/* Howe's 
that, H, F. B. r 

We were at tlie Club at 7.30, A rattling good dinner, Irroy first 
class, and the fipeeehes shoit and to the pf^int. A pathetic note came 
from Ludwig in the lirill Hull requesting our attendance, and tifter 
Trilby had remarked to Julius '• We've won '* we proceeded thither. 

At the sight of fhe uol Je huilding and the magnificent corps which 
filled it, I couid not refriiin from l)reMking into sung. Got the band 
parts, Mr, Conductor. Thank you. That's all right, The old tune — 
There is one of your great institutions 

Whieh must not Ijc left out in the cold. 
It inereai*es and tlourishes daily 

And is now uji to strength I am told, 
The i»c<L'ne of their w^orks Tanjong Katong, 

At the 8 -in eh tbey lalKuir all day. 
They leave Johnston's pier in the morning 
And at Maxims you'll find them (t^* fait. 
Their Coiiimandant's Bitted away, 

He's a Go vera or now, so they say. 
He's left them forlorn and to Lagos he's gone, 
He'll b€ nnssed by the S.Y.A. 

Hurrah for the S.V.A*, 
Hurrah for the S.V.A,. 
Merewether and Dunman will still find some fun man, 
Hurrah for the S.V.A. 

Commandant in fine voice, gave us '* Ho ! Jolly Jenkin," and Koelle 
mth his clubs fairly knocked them, figuratively, of course. 1 left at 
1 a.m. as they were beginning to play football, and I felt 1 wasn't 

There was some golf , I am told , the next day, but I won't give 
you away, John; you came to play cricket, didn't yoii. 

Then a final hearty send off, after a mttling good time. As we 



Orus^u played iw sowethmg like his old ionn for some time, hut lo»t 
Leaeh at 83 and Reid at 96. Oniittn was finely caught at third man 
by J. Glassford at 103, with the fall of this witiket the success of 
Selaugor was almost aBsured. One rtm lat^r Hollond was splendidly 
caught at pointy by Bagnall, who also €apture<i Davis, and Macta.ggart 
returned oue to Olassford, the innings dosing for 112, leaving Selangor 
victorious by 86 runs. 

The win was a well- deserved one. the Selaugor men playing st^^rling 
cricket, their fielding l>eing excellent except for the short period 
i"ef erred to, while Hublmck's captaincy and energy left nothing to be 
desired. The Singapore Iiowling wa« not well managed, whicb some- 
what e<|uali8ed the sides in this department, euabling the stronger 
batting side Uy win, the large margin of 86 runs being accounted for 
by the collapse of Singapoi-e in their first innings. 


C. il. Glti«ft(ord V L.VNky b DuvIm 


r Eoeles b Duvis 


M. H, Wliitlev b Rt'id 


<^ Leach b MuetaiCRiirt 


A . U. BjiffTiftU c lU'kl b Davifi 


lliw b Dwvi* . 


H. L. Tulbrtt bRfid 


e Woodrollv b Mactmocarl 


£. W. Nftihivniner e R*yul h Duvis 




A. B. Huhback h Dtivi^ 


b >, 


R. G. WatMin c Woodroffe b Reid 


b DaTi.i 


A. J.McC;ic«kybR4n(l 


t* Kitdwi b !>»v J 



U. F. Belluniy c Reid b Ihivk 

iir>t out , 


J. G, Glfiftwford aol out 


b Dmis .. 


L. Etoupil b Utivb , 

b WoodtXflte . 


Estraa b 0, lb, 2, ub 1 


" Ettms b 11, lb 7, nb 1 







A« J, WoodrolTe b J. GK'^^roid 


c Bagiml] b XoubirotineT 


Mr, JiwHoe Lmch h Wbitkn 


c „ b 


Q. R SteveaM c Bi?lliiMi,v b w}iitl«'y 


c .. b WhitKv 


G. H. L,v*1pv St Bellairiy b Dou^l 


c NeubioiiMfr b TMiigiit 


J. J, H. Orman b J. Glas»for(i 


e J. GbwsJord b Whith-v 


R. T. R*id e Hiib»»ftck b J, GljiNafoifl 


V Jk b HublMick 


Cupl, Kw'li-si r 0. Glftshford b Whit l.-v 
T. E. Hollond b J. G laasford . . 


b J, Gliu«ford 



c Bagnm h WhitU»y , 


A. W. IMtw c- Bi-nmiiy h Wbillt^y 


t* >p 


J. G. Mttotiunnirt uot out , 

G. FM«y bttougal 


c&b J.GlK»&rord 


not out .., 


Extra Uf bye 







SBLAisaoa, 1 

ar Iif.M-VM. 





W^mitam^ '" 


... 13 ... 




17 ... 



ao ... 

, Dttvif . 


8 ... 






1 WooZxjITi* [[[ 




' ' 8lK0Al>0RB, 

191 Iiririroa. 





J,Gla«lord .» .. 


6 „. 


Itoiagml , 


SJD 1 2 



Whitlev , 








, NpunroimeT 'Z 









' .'. — V 


No. 12.— Vol, y.—lHih February, I89t. 


THE British Residi*iit has the honour io iiirite all who are interested 
in the come^emoraiion of the Sixtieth Annivursarv of Her 
Majesty the Queen's aeeeMsion, to attend a i>ubli*; meetiui* 
to h^ held, by permi«Kion of the CouiDiittee» at the Selangor Club, on 
Wednesday, tlie 24tli iiist., at 6.30 |xm,, for the piupoae of considering 
the best means of e^lebratieg the occasion. 

Mb. R, G. Watson has gone to Perak to act for Mr. Birch as 
Secretary to Government ; Mr. A. R, Teonin^' is acting for Mr. Watson 
as Chief Magistrate, Selan^^or; Mr. H. C. Ridges is aeting for Mr. 
Venning as Treasorer ; Mr. G. T. Hare is acting as Chinese Secretary ; 
Mr, W. W. Douglas has left to take up his appointment as Deputy 
Commissioner of Police, Pemk ; and Mr. W. G. Waller, Harliour 
Master; who has been acting as Asst. D.O.p Kkng, will tempo mrily 
act there as Distriet Officer. Mr, Hale has taken u]> his a]>pointment 
as Diatrict Officer, Kuala Selangor, relieving Mr, W* D. Scott, who is 
to act as Assistant District Officer, at Sungei Besi ; Mr. Dii:kHoB, 
Junior Officer, at Kuala Selangor, is to exchange pkces with Mr. 
McCausland, Junior Officer at Kuala Kubu, at the end of the month. 

Mb. R. G, Watson has left us. Whether as Chief Magistrate — 
in which position he was esteemed by all classes o^ the community for 
(as the Tamil petitioner says) ** the Justice which be dispensed 
with " — as Fuabos, a never-to-be-forgotten performance^ — or on the 
cricket fieUl — his al>seuce will l>e greatly felt. In him we learnt that 
"fun and dignity conld both agree/' and we were glad to learn it» 
After reading of a recent aifecting scene in Perak we imn only 
express a hope that " Watty *s ** return will sers^e in some measure to 
allay the grief. 

Mr. G. H, Fox, Assistant Engineer, S.G.R., reached Kuala 
Lumpur on his return from Euro|>e on Sunday last Mr. H. C. 
PaxoD, who, on the completion of the Kuala Lumpur Waterworks, 
joined the S,G.R. as an Assistant Engineer, will prolmbly go on a 
short vacation to Eui'o|x* Iwfore long. Mr. Paxun has been in 
Selangor for over six years. 



UriUHM played iu fioinetlimg like his old fonxi for some time, but lost 
Leach at 83 and Reid at 96. Onimn was finely caught at third man 
by J. Glassford at 103, with the fall of this wicket the success of 
Selanj^or was aloioat assured. One run later Hollond waa eplendidlj 
cauj?ht at point, by Baguall, who also capturt'd Davis, and Mactaggart 
returned one to Glassford, the innings closing for 112. leaving Selangor 
victorious bv 86 nios. 

The win was a well-deserved one, the Selangor men playing sterling 
uket, their fielding l*eing excellent except for the short peritjd 
t^.*, while Hubback's captaincy and energy left nothing to l>e 
The Singapore Ixiwling was not well managed, whicb some* 

referred t^.*, 

what equalised the yides in this department^ enabling the wtrongor 
batting side t-o win, the large margin of 86 runs being accounted fur 
by the coUapse of Singai>ore in their fiiist innings. 


L\ G. (Tliuisltsirtl i- LvsU'V h DuvIh 


c KocK*s b iMv 



M.H.WbiMevbR;id . 


c Leai'b b Miictafnciu-t 


A. II, UriimAlU' a.'ulbDiivi» 


Ibw b Dsi vis 


H. L. Talbot h lUfid 


c T*'ot4d«>iTv b MftCtiMCgari 


E. W. Ni ubrojiner c Roid h Davis 



.. It. 


A, B. Hubbitkli Darin 


b .. 


R. G. Wntson c ^Vwdmfl© b R^jiri 




A. J, McCliSskvbEtid 


i^ EtTlwi b I>»v 



H. F. Bt'lljifiiy c Reid h Diivis 


not on t . 


J , f « . ( » bu^Hlonl not out 


b DsviM ... 


L. DouRuL b Dnvin 


b WoodroJIe 


fixtms b », lb, 2, nb 1 


" £xtimB b 11. lb 7< nb 1 





A. J. W.xkJix>ITi? h I. GlAasford 


e Bagimll b X* 



Mr. Justiet- Uwh b \^1iLl U*y 


c „ b 


G. P. Steveus c Bi^llamy b Whitbn* 


c .; b\^Tii(loV 


G. H. Ly5*li\v hi HfvlluHiy b Uouf^l 


c Neubioniit-r 

b ncmwil 


J.J. H. Onainji b J. Glassfoptl 


f J.Gbwisford b Whiil*'V 


R. T. Ri'id r Hublniok b J. Glftssford 

(1 e Ah Hiibb&ck 


L'upt. Bix'lf^ c C. Gluwfortj b Whitlt^y 
T. E. Hollond b J, Gbuufoid 


b J, Glii*wford 



e Bajfnail b Wbilkv 


A. W. Unvii lk»llamy b WbilU^y 



J, G. Mactamnirt not out 

G. PifcltT biJtougjil 


c'&b J. GliuuJford 



not out .«, 


Bxtm leg bye 


'b«, lbs 




cirerj maidens 




2* ,,, 13 




U .. C .,. 



11* ... ♦ 
2.NH Ijfsijros, 

17 ... 



2»1 . 6 



Dvrk , 

80 ... « 




» . 4 ... 

22 .. 


woodroffp . ."'! 

4 ... II 
I ... 1 


8ur04F01tB, IST lH?rXNG0. 


n ... 4 ... 



J.OliMford ... ... 

11 ... 6 



Doue»i ... 

4 ♦., 1 
2!TT» IirsmrGB. 



l»i ,, 3 



GlA^foi-d ... ,. 

15.4 B 



DmiBil „ .., 

8 ... 2 



H Hubback 





No. 12— Vol, V— /MA Fehrmrg, 189t. 


THE British Resident has the houour to invite all who are intereBteil 
in the commenioration of the Sixtieth Anniversary of Her 
Majesty the Queen's aeccsRioii^ tu attend a |nil4ie meeting 
to l>e held, by ptTmissiun of the Cuujmittef . at the Sekngor Club, un 
Wednesday, the 24th inst., at 6M0 p.m., for the purpose of cousidering 
the best means uf celebrating the oceasion. 

Mb. R. G. Watson has gone to Perak to act for Mr. Birch as 
Secretary to Gcjverunient ; Mr, A. R. Venning is acting for Mr, Watsoii 
as Chief Magistrate, Belangor; Mr. H. C. Ridges is acting for Mr. 
Venning as Treasurer ; Mr. O. T. Hare is acting as Chinese Secretary ; 
Mr, W. W. Boiiglas ban left U) take np bis a|*pointmLnit as Dejmty 
Commiesioner of Police, Perak; and Mr. W. O* Walter, Har1>onr 
Master, who has been acting as Asst, I);0*, Klang, will teniponirily 
act there Ets District Officer. Mr. Hale ha« taken up his ai>puintment 
as District Officer, Koala Selangor, relieving Mr. W. D, Scott, who is 
to act as Assistant District Officer, at Snngei Be^ii ; Mr, Dickson, 
Jnmor Officer, at Knala Selangor, is to exchange places with Mr. 
McCausland, Jnnior Officer at Kuala Kubu, at the end of the month. 

Me. R- O, Watson has left us. Wbether as Chief Magistrate— 
in which poHilian he was esteemed by all classes o^ the com ni unity for 
(as the Tamil petitioner says) "the Justice which he dispensed 
with *'^as Fusbos, a never-to-be-forgotten performance— or on the 
cricket field^his absence will l>e greatly felt. lo him we learnt that 
*' fun and dignity could both agree " and we were glad to learn it. 
After reading of a recent affecting scene in Perak we can only 
express a hope that '' Watty's " return will serve in some measure to 
allay the grief. 

Mr. G* H. Fox. Assistant Engineer, S.G*R., reached Kuala 
Lumpur on his return from Europe on Sunday last. Mr. H. C. 
Paxon, who, on the completion of the Kuala Lumpur Waterworks, 
joined the S.G.R, as an Assistant Engineer, will probably go on a 
short vacation to Europe l>efore long, Mr. Paxon has been in 
Selangor for over six years. 



MifS. Akthuu Lutyens hh for Europe on the 9ih iust., a numlxT 
of her friends beiug at the Kmila Lurajmr Station to see her off. The 
head -quarters of the Liang Syndicate, with which Mr. Lntyens is 
engaged, are now in Singapore. 

Kuala Liingat, it is said, ia tlie diBtrict now in favour with 
applieautfi fur land for coffee phmting, large areas having recently 
l>een ai>|»lied for. It will not ho the fault of the Actinj^ District 
Officer, Mr. W. W. Skeiit. if that hitherto quiet part of the State does 
not come to the front as a successful planting centre. 

Thk new Governuient Offices will be opened by the Resident- 
General, early in April, after his i-etuni from his approaching visit to 

The opening of the Kuala Liunpur Recreation Clnl>, which seems 
to have been so long deferred, took place on Saturday, the 13th inst., 
at 5.30 p.m., the cereujony of the formal opening lx?ing performed 
by the British Resident, Mr. J. P. Rodger, wilh the aid of a silver 
jiresentatiou key. A general inspection of the building followed the 
opening of the doors. The Club ia octagonal in shape, with one main 
rmmh capable of division by screens into Billiard and Reading 
Kooms ; the verandah at the back and sides being divided up into 
lounge, store room, bar, office, bath room and dressing room. Dr, 
Travers, Chairman of the Provisional Committee, in thanking the 
Resident for opening Oie premises, referred to the origin of the scheme 
and to the support it hivd received from the Resident, Mr. Skeat, the 
Captain China, Towkay Lok Yew, Mr, Tainbusamy Pillai» Mr. 
Dorasamy Pillai, the Straits Tmding Co,, and others, and to the 
assistance given by Mr. H. F. Bellamy in planning and constructing 
the building J the knd on which the building stood was given by the 
Government, and the billiard-table waa purchased by issuing deben- 
tures ; the financial poaition of the Club was sound, and refreshments 
were only obtainable on what was really a cash payment ; and, in ooa- 
clusiou, he said that if the meml^ers of the Club only worked together 
it was Ixjund to succeed. The Resident, in reply, said he had much 
pleasure in coining there to oj>en the Club, and refeiTcd to the part 
which Br. Travers had taken in its formation, and to the keen int4?re8t 
which he (Mr, Rodger) took in anything that tended to the enc*ourage- 
ineut of athletic sports among Asiatics, and that he had found that 
mm who were good at games were generally good at work. Af tar a 
few more remarks from Dr, Travers, and the expression of his thanks 
to Messrt^. Clrnn Ah Tong and Goonting for their aesistuncet cheers 



wore given by the members for the Resident, Br. Travers, Mr. Skeat 
and Mr. H. F. Bellamy. 

"The Topicist gires his conf^a*atulati*>ii8 to the Selan^or team. 
They deserved their win, for they |dayed all the way alrajg vdXh their 
tails up. Sitting in the Pa\ iliun, with his^snialJ ^'iu and soda Ijefore 
liim, W, T. swearB he felt the floor creak with anguish as each ' duek ' 
returned from', the wicket. It was a solemn Bi^ht to see. The Topicist 
propose** to select a team to jrlay the S.C.C. from tht; gentlemen who 
I>lay bowls and from the geutlemeu who look on at the gentlemen who 
play }yowUr—8. F. P. 

**The Selaugor men had a good holiday, iuid they Hccurecl a 
handsome victory. The match, taking it all round, was one of the 
most interesting that we have eeen recently, and the result was one 
that we have got accustomed to expi*ct, Singapore does not shine at 
cricket. The men from whom the teams are selected when faced on 
the tented field by Gnues from the Native States, seem to be imbued 
^Hth the fear of death, and their performance is usually disereditablo 
to local cricket. Why is this ? Is it liecause the Native States men 
play more regularly, consistently, scientifically, and with a greater 
e^lirii de cxtrpB, That, after all, does yot appear a very satisfactory 
exphtnation. If ever Singapore had a distinct chance of making a 
good fight of it, the match at the Ix' ginning of the week affoided it. 
The bowling of our visitors was not strong, and, good as the fielding 
undoubtedly was* there was nothing to extenuate the mitst^rable exhibi- 
tion that the home side made at the wicket s. The men of the S. C. C* 
don*t know much about the game, after all My own explanation is a 
comparatively simple one. The man who pretends to play cricket in 
Singapore, also pretends to play football and hockey and tennis and 
golf. It can't be done. The allege<i cricketer, when he is inclined to 
devote his energies to the bat, imagines it sufficient to put in half an 
hour at the nets slogging at a ball that is usually thrown by a tamby. 
His whole idea is to get as much hard and unscientific hitting as he 
can into a given space of time. Practice at the nets, as at present 
conducted, is alwut the stycst method ot^ getting 'a man into every 
feiult and bad habit associated with the game. Why are not practice 
games arranged where men would have an opportunity of learning 
how to field and bowl and bat v Wliy do not some of the older mem* 
bers do a little coaching for the benefit of the novices who, pR»perly 
instructed, would be of value to the Clubi^ There is notmiuing. very 
little practice, and every opportunity of attaining the i>erfectiou of 
bad style. No wonder the matches are lost T'— The Moralist, 
Straits Budget . 


A MEETING of the Cominittee of the Selaugor Club was held on 
WediioB<lav, (he 10th iosL, Mr. R. G. Watson, Yice-Pi*e8idcnt, Mr. 
A. R. Bligh* Secretary, Dr. Tnivers, and Messrs. Dougal, Cum mini?, 
Russell and Toarle Kn?in^ i^reseDt. Messrs. Oaniraitli, Gerrard, 
HewgilL Herft, Moore and Tod were elected members of the Club. 
The new billiard tuble arrived early in the week, but unfortunately 
two of the states were not diecharped at Klang j they are expected in 
a day *>r two, however, and the table will then be ready for use. 

At the general meeting of the shareholders of tho Masonic Hall 
Co., Ltd., held at the Maaouie Hall, Kuala Lumpur, on Thursday, 
the IHth inst., Mr* C* E. F. Sanderson was re-elected as a Director of 
the Company. 

Tkb transmission of private or official telegrams over railway wires 
will be undertaken— (i.) If s^nt from a place where there is a railway 
stutioD l>ut no postal telegraph office ; (ii.) If addressed to a place 
where there is a railway station but no postal telegraph office; 
(iii.) If handed in at a railway station when Ihe postal telegraph 
cifliee ia elosed ; f iv/) Such messages will only be delivered by the 
Kail way Department if the addressee lives within one mile of the 
railway station. 

The vexed ijuestioq of medical attendance on families of Govern- 
meui offit-ers bus again eome up officially, and it is notified that the 
rules originally issued in 1882, and published in Vol I. of the 
Guvernmeid Qaxette (1890), are to lie adhered to» and thai the pri- 
vileges offered in t!i*' order referred to are to be accepted or declined 
before Ist July next. Full particulars are pybiished in the current 
issue of the Gazette. 

'* On my last inspectioti of the Chinese Christian Settlement, orga- 
nised by Goh Ah Kgee, near SemenyihJ* writes the Acting District 
Offiix^r, XJlu Liuigat, "I found upwards of ItX) acres planted up with 
coffee, roads and bridges in course of construction, and a chai>el and 
dwelling-house being erected on a hill in the centre of the estate. 
The lalxiur force, with the exception of a few Tamils employed for 
holing, consists entirely of Chinese Christians, who, following a 
common Chinese raining custom, are shareholders in the property. 
The ex}ieriment tried on one comer of the estate» of transplanting 
young gutta trees from the jungle to the clearing, waa conspicuous by 
its failure/' 



The Hon. Treasurer (Mr. Ridges) of tlie Steve Harper Memorial 
Fund a«ks UB to^saj that he will Ix* glad to receive promises of 
subscriptions to the same, whioli will 1h? itkiiowledi^ed in the Jourttal 
and in the Malny Mail. Such a course, it is sogffested, will enable 
many to contriliute who have not the means of paying eash duwn, and 
it will also allow the Committee at an earlv date to estimate the 
amount of the funds likely to be at their diepoatil. It is desirable 
however, that the names of intend ing contributorB ahould be forward- 
ed to the culleetors. or to the Hon, Treasurer, without delay, for 
immediate publieation- The eolleetors are : Mr. Edwards, Mr Cromp- 
ton. and the D.O.'s of Klang* Ulu Langat, Kuiila Laup^at and Knala 
Selangor, the Selangor Journal , the Mtday Mall, and the Hon, Treasurer. 

Me. Chartee, writing from Kuala Selang<^r to a con-eepondent, 
remarks : — ** Elephants are still in the ueighlwurhood but they don't 
keep long in one place, and the weather is toti uni^leasant to go after 
them. I saw a panther walking along tlie Tisad j^t the 2ud mile just 
at the junctiun <d" Klaog ami Eawang Ituatla and ran after him with 
my shot gun. but finding 1 eould not get near liini, I fired slugs 
and missed him, so he got away. Another man has Wen taken by a 
(rroeodile two miles alnive Bukit Ijuh on the Sungei Buloh ; his name 
was Mandor Hussan ; he was in tlie act of washing his feet Ix'fore 
prayers when a crocodile seized him and ti>ok him imder. The 
kampong turned out and searched for two days when the body came 
to the tiurfai'e and was recovered cliiee to the sjtot where he had been 
taken ; his right arm had Imvu bitten and broken in two places. The 
crocodile had evidently been scared before it could eat the body. 
Yesterday the police hooked and shot an immense cnx'odile— they fired 
alxait twenty snider bullets into it^it was the biggest croctKlile 
I have yet seen ; the measurements were— length from end to end, 
16 feet 10 inches ; girth round the body, (» feet 10 inches ; fore leg out- 
side, 2 feet 7 inches; hind leg outside, ii feet 2i inches; inside Jaw 
measured 2 feet. We had it ojteued and searched ; there were nine 
stones, sundry parte of turtles and a crocodile, a fish hook, and the 
cord and ching-ehing of a fishing net, two fi^nger rings and some 
human bones. The rings were identified as those worn by the man 
Alang who was taken out of a sampan by a crocodile on Deceml>er 
26xh last, when he waa fishing along with his brother. It was a very 
interesting find and we felt thoroughly glad that the river has Wen 
rid of sueh a mooster. The eroe. was a female and must liave been 
very old as the teeth were so worn. During yesterday aud to-day no 
less than five crocodiles have been brought in. l>ut the one I have 
written about, of course, takes the cake," 



'* The event wbieii calls for remark was the continuous heavy rainSp 
which bore i*esiilt in Hoods of unusual pro|K)iiionB, Much damage 
was done to the roads* bridgn^s were everywhere destro3red, and all 
traffic and tmnsjiort liindered. During the time of niin two Malays 
arrived in Kuahi Klawan^ from Jcrang, one was a poUce constable. 
These men related liow they had only reached their destination after 
two terrible dayft of ww^tltn^' and ^J%vinlminJ^^ They reijorted the whole 
path to Pertanj^^ a distance of 15 miles, to l)e under water, and at 
Jerang it had risen to a height of four feet in the yiolice station^ 
which stands on an elevated site. They stated the villag^ers were 
without food aud living on the roofs of their houses, there were no 
boats, and they had volunteered Uy try aud reach head-quarters to ask 
for relief. This «torv appeared iucredible, but was subsequently 
proved to be true, and the journey }terformcd by these men can only 
be dcscril:»ed as a feat of remarkable endurance and courage. Im- 
mediate nicasures were taken for sendiug rehef, but as communication 
by road was iuipossiblc, the only alternative was to attempt to do 
BO by means t»f tliii river. No boats had ever yet Ix'en down the 
river while it wns in such a state of flood. However, boatmen volim- 
teercd, together with the two messengers, and two lioats^ laden w^ith 
rice» were atarted from Rawit. These lioats are only small dug-outs 
and it seemed uncertain whether they could negotiate the rapids in 
their prcHent condilioii. Being anxious for the safety of these first 
lM>at8 I followetl them on th<* next day. Tlie journey proved a delight- 
ful new experience, as 1 could not have believed that any river could 
appear so changed. The rocks, which are the main feature of the 
rapids, were covered and aliove thcni wen^ rolling quite res|>ectiibly- 
Sliced waves. Imoiense trees, long familiar obstacles, had b'en swept 
away and au ishind, which ou ibe occasion of the tuba fishing in 
October hi id !>eeu the cauiping ground of more than 100 pef»ple, had 
now entirely disappeared. The first boats had gone down stream 
without misha]), but only arririMl a few hourn before we did. In the 
afternoon n-bef was given to the distressed villagers at Juntei, and 
Jerang was rciiched by dark. There the water was still rising and 
night was fii^ent in momentary expcitation of being obliged to tuke 
reiugt* on the hill, the only one in the neigh Ixmrhood. The privatioDS 
of the ]>eoi>le ha<l been in no way exaggemted tiud there were told 
many strai\ge tah's of t»?n'or and esca|>e. The dami^e done to houses 
and ]>ro]>ci'ty was considerable ; but, fortunately, there had Wn no 
loss of life. The next day was spent visiting the people and distri- 
liuting rice, salt and toliacco. On the following morning we walked 
and waded homewards over the still flooded path, a moist and weary 
journey. The recent watermarks still showed high in branches of 
the trees, testifying to the tnith uf the sturv' of the constalde and his 
companion. Tbe Mahiys who accompanied me were unanimous in 
their praise of the lirarery which these men had shown/* — Jetebu 
M(/nihly Report Jul' December, 1S90. 




PVEKYONE goes to Bukit Kutu nowa^lays— or» to bo quite correct. 
to Treacher's Hill Bimgalow. Most of tlie ^rcat luid good have 
l>een there, an*] now it han come to pass that even a printer 
recently manai^^ed to spend a Sunday there, in the intelleetually, 
scientificallj and gatttronuiuically ovt^r|JOwerjng eonipany of threi? 
Engineers. Any ordinary Kuala Lumpur person visiting Bukit Kiitii 
should esteem himj^df fortunate if he raakt*8 out; of a parly of Railway 
Engineers intent on business; to aeeompany Xhvm when bent on 
pl^aurt* would, judging by analogy, Ik* tiiu trying to the quiet stay- 
m-f4>wn man. Among the blessingH of trnvelling with R,E.*8 is to 
be count4jd the comfort of the journey — e. j/., the ^saloon, which has a 
table on w^hich things ean be placed, and the loeker in the saloon 
in wliieh things ean be kept. Oci the oecusion of this trip, howev*^r, 
the loeker was in the eondition of tlk* eupboard of the venerable 
Mrs. Hubbard —which Htmek one aw pos-sibly a wise, but eertaiuly a 
cheerless, state of affairs. Still, there were the eouipensating 
advantages of having the brain unclouded and the pereeptitui clear 
for the study of the last new map uf the State, whit h» pkic:ed on 
the table in sections, together with a traeing, aliout 10 yards long, of 
the route of the pro{>osed liue to Paliaiig, gave a fiue au* of business 
t^ the earriage. The Printer inwardly marvt^led at the zeal whieh 
animates every branch of the aerviee —and the handsome and generous 
manner in which that zeal is reeogoised by Govermiii'ut— ami he felt 
proud of beLug connected with it in the really very hnmble way that 
he is. When one of the Engineers ripened a bag and jirodueed a 
small box, contain iug j^resumaljly iiifttrumeiits of so me sort, the 
Printer silently moralised on how at office, at home, or when travel- 
ling, Work — or, sometimcM |verhap8 the thought of it, which in many 
caaea. after all, is Just about the same— was the bright wtar of an 
Engineer's existence, and how the exprcssi<m "on duty'' was no idle 
term* He was aroused fnun this train i>f thought by the sound of a 
familiar rattle, and looking up found that the small box contained 
dominoes ! 

The stoppage at Serendah was just of sufficient duration to enable 
visit to Ije paid to Pye Corner. It was a very hut comer in 
|6G6f and the one of the pre«eut day ia just as warm with hospitality. 

After leaving Serendah, eoiiverHation, strange to say, l>eGame 
more animated ; yet it had, so to speak, a distinctly business charac- 
ter — that dL>esn't sound right : has an Engineer anything to do with 
business ? the term sliould be " professional/* A discussion ensued on 
slips and permanent way : here it is as well to point out that the 
common or garden ti^aveller, when in company with R.E.'s, should 
exliibit a keen interest in cuttings iind embanlonents, should iisten 
with a modest demcatKiur to exfdauations regarding the cause of slips 
and the steps to lie taken to clear theni — |jerliaps somelhiug may be 
said alwuit the steps to Ix' taken to prevent them, but as that would 
mean a large outlay and the mil way only gets a profit of some 12% 



ou t-apital ex|>ended. and the Stat-e itself i» tinanclaUv struggling, 
it U pdMsiblt* that this puiut mav not lie t<3iit-"hed ou. He muel avoid 
sut-vumbing to any desire ho may have to grumble at the train 
serviee^ iu iiud fault with the managemeut of the traffic, or to suggest 
alteratioxi» in the rat^as. If the traveller is the sort of inau who cannot 
curb this, what Bouie might eall natural, desire, the best thiug he ean do 
lA to siuiu the eompauy of K. E/s ou a railway journey. The potut to aim 
at, is making oneself pleasant — in a railway sense, that is ; and if, for the 
moment, he can^t think of something in which the S,G,R. compares 
favourably with any home line, he can at least declare that he thinks 
he would rather, tif the two, make a short journey by the S.G,R. than 
do the trip from Farringdon Street to King's Cross and back by the 
Underground. The railway has bt*eu so much abused of late by 
old men and others, that this tribut^:^ will 1>e received with beaming 

Conversation, especially when of a professional nature, shortens a 
journey, and the party Hlepfw?d out on to the Kuala Kubu platfonn to 
lie received by an Engineer, who, although dressed if la Buffalo Bill, 
|KTfornied the part of Ministering Angel to perfection. One can't 
whirl through the world at the amazing sijecnl of 38 miles in some- 
thiug over three hours without some sort »>f niinistnition l>eing 
necessary. Away, then, t^o a house, a new one, on a hill, also appa- 
rently new—at any rate, all the paths were nice and new: by- 
the- way, the plan and construction of the house were delmted by two 
of the R.E.'s during tiffin, but the subject was too professional for the 
Printer to grasp, much less enter into; he was glad, however, to have 
seen the house. 1>ei:^u8e should he ever attain a small competencv and 
feel inclined to build himself a dwelling, he would Ije able to tell the 
contractor that whatever form it might take, it was not to resemble 
that one. While tiffin was being prepared, Imgga^ brought in port* 
manteaus had to be taken out and made into bundles in American 
cloth. An Eugineer, who is also a great traveller and has had much 
expierience in this way, sometimes spending as many as two nights at 
a time in the jungle, said that the coolies much preferred baggage 
made up in this fashion lieLtLUse they could carry it more easily. No 
doubt this is so; it also has the additional merit, from the cooly's 
point of view, that at the rest which he takes every half mile or 8a» 
it is so much nicer and 8(>fter to sit upon than a box or portmanteau. 
The tender-hearted traveller should take care that tins of tobacco, 
soap-boxes, brushes or Ixjota are not placed near the surface of the 
bundle: it would Ik: so distre«sing for the coaly. Place them, sav 
t»etween the shirts. 

In giving aceounte of journeys it is right to think of those who 
come after, and U> point out, as far as the ability of the writer will 
pennit, what to do and what to avoid. More than one article has 
appeared in the Jtjurnal on the subjeet of a tri[> to Bukit Kutu, 
giving much pleasant and useful information ; but each has omitted 
to put up a danger- post, as it were, at tiffin lH?fore starting. Alas! 
some must suffer that others may gain. MartjiTdom is a glorious 
thing — and it must be confessed that the tiffin part of it was decidedly 



pleasant ; it waa during the last few miles of the walk up that the 
agony and sweat of heroic siiffi-ring became a trifle too ta.ll for anj 
ordinary individual to boar with calmness. This, however, is antici- 
patinj^, Perhaps it would not be right to advise the intending 
traveller from Kuaht Kubu to walk the nine miles up to the bungalow 
on an empty stomacli ; but h^t him avoid tht: kind of tiffin he get^ at a 
planter's bungalow on a Sunday; let him beware of a meal where 
professional debates are started ; where half-a-d^jzen diflferent brands 
of l>eer are provided and the merit s of each are tiiseusacd ; where, the 
host lieing an Irishman, an opinion has to lie given on ''Irish*' as 
well as ou" Scotch": that, dear Traveller, is what to avoid before 
starting out in the afternoon to walk up Bukit Kutu. 

At the time of leaving the "house'* the *'on duty " aspect of the 
trip became almost oppresnive. Aneroids, compass, field glasses, maps, 
plans and hooks of reference were earrie<i by the Engineers* even the 
Printer, jioor wretch, who has cpjite enough of Ijooks when he is at 
'work, had to take eharge of a volume : this was an unkind cut. He 
would not have munnured had he been told off to Btruggle along with 
a level or theodolite, or anything of that kind, because for a sliort 
blissful j^H:?riod he would have imagined himself ''prof essionaL" At 
length a start was made ; some coolies had gone up in the moiTiing 
with provisions, another lot with the Utggage preceded the party l>y a 
couple of hours or so, and one or two more — oarrjing baskets, whicli, 
as they emitted a clinking &«3und, no doubt contained surveying 
instruments of some kind — accompanied the Tuana. 

The weather was splendid and, saving tlie interchange of greetings 
witli a Chinaman soon after starting, nothing occurred during the 
first three miles to interfere with digestion : not even a professional 
remark. The big man of the party, who, eurioiialy enough, was also 
the small man, strode ahmg with his massive brow uncovered to the 
bree/e, jwndering deeply, no doubt, on gradients, curves and tunnels. 
It is not altogethi^r wise, eveu when " on duty/' to Ijecome too much 
absorlied in matters of this kind ; however finely shaped the hea<l 
may be it is not good to try it too much. Some such reflection as 
this passed through the mind of the Printer as they rested at the first 
stream and he watched two of the Engineers not only drinking w^ater 
hut pouring it over their heads, while he enjoyed a l>ottlo of beer. 
The Caxtonian frankly confessed that lie was afraid of water, and 
gave one or two instances of the terrible effects of drinking it neat 
in such an impressive manner that with one accord a sliout went up 
for the cooly who carried the Irnsket with the clinking contents. 
Again the traveller of the future may be cautioned : don't make a 
practice of stopping for a drink of water at every stream met with 
on the track up Bukit Kutu— some people do, and they generally 
arrive at the Bungalow very late and very tired. After a halt at a 
stream for about the sixth time, when alxuit some four miles from 
the summit, and after listening to a disquisition on water and its 
supply by an Engineer who, from past services, is regarded as an 
authority on these points, the Printer came to the conclusion that 
this water question was Ijeginning to pall and that the air was 



becoming, professionally, too thick for him ; he therefore announced 

his intention of stopping no more until he reached thf Bungalow, iind 
at once &et off alone to coni]>!ete the journey up the hill, where he 
may be loft trudging upward in the gathering gloom. 


O OME time ago when it was first known that at Kuala Hang we 
1^ possessed a really fine natural harbour the probabUity of its 
J becoming a port of call for ocean-going steamers was generally 
^ recognised. There was at that time no doubt in the minds 
of those who gave the mattcT a nioment*fl thought that the ships 
(ocean-going or other^^ise) requiring cargo and the cargo requiring 
Mliipment would probably in t^n. jtossibly in five, jears' time meet 
at the '• best port in the Straits/* With the confidence of youth we 
hoped to surpass in quick-wittedness even Artemus Ward's hero — 
who» after being in prison forty years without food or drink was 
struck with the brilliant idea of opouing the window and getting out. 

Naturally roough, the nicrcliants of Singapore and Penang not 
only failed to rejoice themselves at the discovery of a new port, 
but failed to see in it a cause of rejoicing in others. Theso mereUantB, 
whose income ia chiefly derived from shipping, were credited by the 
man in the street with Ix^ing able to give an expert opinion on 
shipping matters, and when an adverse opinion as to the ]irobability of 
Kuala Khing becoming a port of some importance was eipressed, 
those who had not studied the question for themselves adopt^fd thase 
ready-made Tiews as their own. Though filled with the greatest 
respect for the opinions of these worthy merchant« in most mattera, 
I am not inclined to accept their statements in regard to a matter 
where their interests are so closely affected. 

The following experience of the writer will» however, illiistrat-e how 
fixed has become the idea iu the minds of some of those living in 
Selangor as to the hopeleranaaa of expecting ocean-going steamers to 
call at Klang. 

When referring to the time when it would be unnecessary to go to 
Penang or Singapore before arriving in Selangor, I was informed 
that " No one but a dreamer or an ass would ever expect this to 
occur,*' Even the shocking rudeness of this remark was less surp>ris- 
ing to me then the fact that a man for whom I entertain the greatest 
renrd should fail to see the absolute certainty of the time to which I 
rmr arriving in the near future. 

Even supposing our shipping were considerably smaller than it 
now is, yet ray dn.*am would come true. 

The imports and exports al Klang for the first six months of 1896 
oame to 4(.),202 tons» excluding live stock and articles such as aerated 
waters and timber — in fact, all articles whicli do not come from beyond 
the Strait s. 



dMnbe the vast mirjim^ mft^j 

*Bua total m mem^ tn manee at kail ei^hftr 
to call at *pf<t. 

Tlie 8cimtta meirkaat wtQ 
of lerathaaa nf Ike Geotfte m^iat, 

Tbe eapadtjof tke l^or|f£r isnallj f^rj large. Wbaa tlialgma 
an gm* bj oor friend* ci Sia|^i|>ore and Penaiig tlkej bMMna 
ftnpendoaa. Still tlie fact tliai 500 tona vo«ildfonii onlj a fnkctmi of 
iJie cargo o^ an Atlantic iUamen ^toea sot seem to greatij alfaei tha 
i|iieit]oit af wbetber there are aoi laaiiy BteamMra calluii^ at Siagapoi^ 
tliat vcmld b^ anl j too glad to pick up 500 tons al Kmda KbuDg. 

nefe are many reaaona, undonbtedlj, whr etghtj TeaKls wotiU aol 
iicnr call at Slang nipposiiig it to be the finest harbour and to hate 
the best whairvi in the wcvld. 

In the int pbee, a quarter of the total weight of the exports was 
made up bf tin, vhich htad beoi bought l>v merchants in Peuang and 
Sagapore. A Urgv i^iortioii wms owued bv the Straits Tnuliug 
OompanTp who export it in a form in which it is not likely to he 
shipped for Europe, The chief exports also were for countries other 
Usui those from which the greater portion of the imports come« 

Verr few steamers are likelv to make this their eTeutual clestiua- 
tmi* A Tessel mi^bt go out to Baogoon from England with cargo — 
tlunooiBe on to Klang with nee and load up for England with tin 
and coffee. But it will l>e manj years before our export of coffee 
wiD be suflkient to supply a large portion of the cargo for seTeral 
vessels, and the under w^riters might have something to say aneut the 
folly of loading up a Tessel with tin only. 

Probably in years to come we shall export 30*000 tons of coffee— 
but these large figures wiU not be reached yet awhile, 

8till, this is beside the mark. The first steamers calling at Klang 
will bring rice from ftangoon or iron and cement from England and 
they will then take on cargo to Singapore. Other vessels from Singa- 
pore will call in at Elang on their westward way to pick up some tin 
or coffee. Several hundred tons of cargo at a bttle above ruling rates 
would tempt a very large proportion of the vessels leaving Singapore 
to call at Kuiilu Klang. There is one difficulty ahead for Kuala Klang, 
and that is the difficulty in obtaining fresh water. 

As regards the lack of merchants, I fully I'ecognise the iraprolm* 
btlity of any Straits merchants so far neglecting their **adat'* as to 
hare a hand in developing the Malay Peninsula, but yet the difficulty 
can hardly be considered serious any more than the lack of miners 
would lie likelv to prevent the development of a newlv discovered gold 

Our exports in a few years* time will be far larger than they now 
are. In all probability ramie wUl be exported annually at the rate of 
80,000 or 40.000 tons. 

When this has come about. Kuala Klang will prove a dangerous 
rival to Penaug, With larger " true " exports and imports and a far 
finer harbour Kitala Klang sliould Ik? able tn ol>taiii its fair share of the 
transhipment vi goc»ds from Ti<jwer Perak and Sumalm, 



Tbe expenditure of $200,OCK) will ubtain for Penang a jetty at 
wbieli only a large and a amall steamer can diacharge siniultaneouBly. 
Other steauBera will be obliged to wait their turn or *' take advantage** 
(as it \h bo amuBingly descrilied by Penangites to eager emjuirerfl) of 
being able to discliarge into ligbtera from both sides at once. 

What folly it muat seem to these good people to vote j 150^000 for 
the purpose of putting Penang at the same disadvantage aa are all 
other good porta in the world. Ships in a frantic hurry will only be 
able to discharge from one side into lighters. Ou the other side there 
will he ft wharf* 

Had the French Government carried through Baron de BeinacVe 
proposal to cut a canal through the Isthmus of Kra^ Pulo Wai or 
Penang would have had a chance of becoming very imj>ortant ports. 

The Mekong Treaty gave the timshiug touch to Baron de Eeinach*a 
proposal, however, seeing that it caw never be seriously proposed to 
carrj' it out as a commercial undertaking. 

The development of Klang as a })art wall lu' slow and it is likely to 
be some years before we see any line calling regularly at the Kuala. 
Before I he wharves Iiave been completed a year, ocean-going steamers 
will have brought cargo to and taken cargn from it, but the visits of 
eacli vessel will Ije isolated cases bearing but little connection with 
anything particular except the cargo specially brought for one 

By the time it is considered advisable hy any line (prolmbly it will 
be a new one, anch as the Japan lino) to make Kuala Klang a regular 
port of cail, the fact of its doing so will not be looked upon as any- 
thing strange. 

There was a time when if any Atlantic line trading between England 
and America had decided to make Southampton its port instead of 
Liverjiool, the decision would have been of the utmost importance 
to Southampton and caused far greater surprise than was the case 
when the American line used Southampton as its port. 

\¥lien this, however, became un fait accompli no one except the 
stokers on the steamers took any great interest in the matter, and 
except these same stokers — who, as one expressed it to mc, make it 
naughty w»rd hot for any southern stdker who is taken on— -everyone 
is now reconciled to the present arrangement and looks upon it as 
quite natural— A, S. B. 


Aknual Repoht for 1896. 
Gentlemen, — 

In presenting this, their Fourth Annual Report, your Committee 
have the pleasure Uy auuouncc tbat during the past year 21 new 
meml^ers have been enrolled u]Km the books of the Association, whilst 
the attached statist ies show an increase under cultivation nf 4,487 
acres and of 1,351 lalxjurcrs of all national itit^s employed on estates; 
nor, in spite of the lamcnta^ble fall in the price of coffee, from $45 



(about) in December, 1895, to f 31 in December, 1896, are there any 

Higns that the enterprise is failing to attract the attention of capitalists ; 
on the euntrary, extensions during 1897 bid fair to surpass those of 
any previous year, planters no doubt looking forward to a recovery in 
the position of coffee when the effects of the recent abnormal crops in 
the Brazils have worn off. Considerable areas have been opened up in 
uhnost every district in the State ; but most notably in Klan*,', where 
the flat low-lyin^' lands have attracted particular attention and where, 
contrary to what might have Ir^cu exj>ected, fever and dys«?ntery, the 
scourges of this country, are comparatively unknown. An uniortunate 
reverse was experienced by »everal pro|)rietorM who found largo quan- 
tities of peat in the land which they had purchased ; but the Govern- 
ment having acted with pnu8cwt)rthy ]>romptitude and liberality in 
allowing the owners of such land U> take up fresh holdings elsewhere 
in exohauge, many took advautiige of the offer and have started 
work in more j»romising localities. 

The 320 -acre block system still finds little or no favour in the eyes 
of planters, but surveys have been jmt through with much greater 
rapidity, and the land on offer at all auction sales has been amply 
sufficient for buyers to secure what they rcfjuired without competition, 

M EETiNG 8.— During the past year* f> C4f neral Meetings, one Extra- 
ordinary General Meeting and lOCoiimiillet' Meetings have Ijeen held. 

TiiK FEDERATION OF THE Native States has duHug the year 
become an aeeomplished fact, and though from various caus<3s no 
formal inauguration ceremony has taken place, such radical changes 
have been effecte*d in the administiution of the Law Courts and the 
Land Office, that the existence of the Federation has already made 
itself an undoubted reality. It is a matter for the greatest congratu- 
lation that the Land and Mines Offices have been amalgamated, for 
the conflicting interests which have hitherto existed in these Depart- 
ments have been a serious stumbling block iu the i>a8t to j^lanters 
who have desired to open coffee estates in staoniferious districts. 

The Admission of Lawyeeb to the Couets.— -As far back as 
September, 1894, the Selangor Planters* Association approached the 
Government with a view to getting liiwyerH admitted to the Coiirti, 
and from time to time the question has been reopened ; it is therefore 
Batisfactory in the extreme to tnd that at last tlje |>ublic are to have 
the advantage of legal assistance in both the Judicial Commisftioner'a 
and Chief Magistrate's Courts. 

Labour Commission.— His Excellency the Governor, during the 
early j>art of the year, appointed a Labour Commiflaion, consistiog 
of three otRcial and two unofficial nieinberH, of whom your Chairman 
was one, to enquire into the working ot Ordinance XATL of 18D2, 
and also to ascertain "whether any furtlier ad ion on the part of the 
Government (as diHtinguished from individual aitiou by employers of 
Ubour) is desinible to promote immigration or to benefit immigrautii, 
and if so what aetiun is recommended/* 

The enqtiir}\ which extended over a month, was held, ^^^ ^ ^f^y 
complete and exhaustive rejxjrt was published, but Ix^oud adopting 




in a modiiied form tbe recommendations of the Commiseeion with 
regard to aiDendmeiits to Ordiuauce XVI. of 18^2, the Govcrnnient 
have a].>]*areutly shelved the whole question. Amass of evidence was 
adduc^id to show that there was a decideci feeling in the highest 
official quarters that the Government should import their own 
labour from India, and it was urged that emigi-ation to this country 
should be facihtated by the establishment of depots in a euitaT>Ie 
district or districts of the Madras Presidency, and by running a eul> 
sldised steamer service from Ne^apatam to Penang : it was also 
recommended tliat a cei-taiu Penang Circular depriving employers at 
this end of the nght to pay agents for recruiting free^i.e,, uninden- 
tured— labourers in India should \w withdrawn. Tlic latter suggestion 
has been adopted and a sum of SI. 000 was provided in tbe Budget of 
the Colony for the purpose of '* Assisting Immigrdtion ;** the Native 
States have contributed nothing at all ! 

It can only be hoped that the Oovemment will yet come forward 
in some way to relieve the stniiti, for the ueiglibouring Colony of 
Ceylon, where labour has been imported in the past for Public Works 
of magnitude and where at the present time the go-ahead Governor, 
Sir West Ridgway, has deehired him«elf most strongly in favour of 
the same |»oliey, affords an example winch the Straits Settlements 
with its very insufficient supply of Indian labour may well follow. 

Tkems of Land Tenitre. — In the conditions of sales of land by 
public auction, two very impoi-tant points have now been cleaily 
defined : — 

(1) Tliat the planter has an absolute and sole right to 

the timljer and jimgle produce on his kind, 

(2) That if within 5 years from date of grant one-quarter 
of the entire area has been brought under cidtiva- 
tion, the grantee has acquired a complete right to 
the remaining three fourths. 

Thus, let it be hoped, have been set at rest for ever, two questions 
which have threatened to Idc a serious cause of difference between 
Government and the planters. 

Closing London Mxeket Pkiceb op Local Peoduce. — An 
endeavour was made during the year to obtain bi-weekly quotations of 
produce from London direct, and with this object in view all interests 
members of the Association became subscribers to the Singapore 
Telep-aphie Exchange : it was found, however, almost impossible to 
obtain any reliable imformatiou with regard to Liberian coffee. ThlB 
difficulty will bo oven^ome by the appointment of a London agent* 
and planters will aoon be in a poBition to check the local offers for 
their coffee. 

Spueiohs Poet Wine.^ — Many complaints were made by members 
during the year of the disastrous ejects produced upon the coolies 
by the consumption of a poisonous mixture sold as pHDrt wine, and an 
analysis of a bottle having Wen procured from Dr. Bott, who pro- 
noimced strongly against it^ the Government were approached and 



ttjipked to put a stop to its importation, lofal manufacture and sale, 
• ttnd your ConjLuittee are ^lad to lit* able to announce that the police 
tiave now received instructions to j>roseevite anv people found ftelling 
it. There are obviously luany technical difficulties in the way of 
aucce^sfnlly represwin^ the sale of spurious lirjuor, and it is satis- 
factory to find the authorities so willing to do what they can when 
ench practices are brought to their notice. 

Fedbeal Pkoditcts Enactment. — The draft of this useful bill was 
submitted to your Association in SeptemUfr, aud with two or three 
additions waa cordially ajiproved of. It is an Enactment for directly 
dealing with thefts of produce, and ha« i^vidently been drawn up on the 
lines of the Piiedial Products Ordinanc*^^ ol Ceylon, which renders it an 
offence punishable by fine and whii*i>ing for persons to Ije in ^lossession 
of the unripe fruit of certain specifitnl products, unless a satifautory 
explanation can Ix- given. 

Central Flantees' Association. ^It has long lyeen felt that on 
aalgamatiou of the various Associations in the different Native States 
would very much strengthen the positi<m of the planters as a Ixidy, and 
during the past year this has at last lieen done and the United Planters' 
Association of Malaya has been formed* A provisional committee has 
been appointed to draw up rules, and to take all the necessary initial 
steps preparatory to a first regular general meet in g, which will be held 
probably during April* 1B97. At this meeting the ndes will l>e sub* 
mitted, office bearers for the coming year elected and an address will be 
presen ted t o Mr, Swet tenhai n , the Resiileu t - CleneraL Your Comm itt-ee, 
bearing in miJid the loyal suiiport accorded to their Association by the 
planters and lal>our employers of Selangor, feel confident that the 
IJnitred Association may also deX'cnd upon their cordial co- operation, 
and it is hoped that the Negri Sembilau, Pemk, and Pahaug will 
muster strong and let notliing stand in the way of their joining us 
with the fixed determination of making the new Association a per- 
manent success. 

Finance. — Your Committee has the pleasure to announce that the 
sum of $896-06 stands to the credit of the Association at the end of 
the year : attached is a statement — 
Balance at credit at end of 1895 
Subscriptions paid during 1806 

Less Printing, Postage and Stationery 
„ Dr. BotVs Analysis.,, 
,, Allowance for Clerk 

5 513.88 


$ 99.77 



Balance at credit 


E. V. Caeey, Chairman. 

Tom Oibson, Son. Secretary. 

I hereby certify that I have examined the Books of the Association 
and find the above statement correct. 

mh Fehmary, 1S97, h, Bouqal, 


Names of Estates. 








* 1 










i 210 






Klang Land 

1 177 







, 570 







Highlands ... 

i 95 














Golden Hope 






Blackwater •.. 










. .. 






Denmark ... 
























.• . 




Sungei Binjai 





















Sungei Puloh 







St. George 















New Eskdale 














Glen Marie 






























Tapioca Estate) 















Weld's HiU 





• •• 


























Batu Caves 






















New Amherst 








The Mount 




















• .. 




Klang Gates 








Hawtliomden ") 



Lincoln ... S 




42 Aberacross 







Batang Kali 









• 150 


.. . 

























. 30 






Tan Koe 







Buenos Ayres 












Koong Yaik 






Ulu Yum 





Wtn^t Country 















Inch Kemu'th 







Hell's Glon 









. .. 
























Return for 1805 ... 







10 Inam0oittim ... 



1 ^ 

IHkuU kt 



• to 

Jg:i3.— Vat. V.^3rd March, 1897. 


THE *' DIAMOND JUBILEE "— its Memorial and CVlebnition. 
lis Commit U*e for iirrangeraentB and Funds for carrying it out — 
is just now tht* rbief t<)[>ic for discussion. A ^ndjlic meetings 
ciiLled by the Britieh E*^sident, was litdd at the Selauf^or Club on 
W«?dne8day last, and the profeodinjjs were fully reported in the Malay 
Mail. In the course of his siH^ech the Resident stud, " There were two 
|ihing'S to be considered : one mi^ht be desciil^ed as the tinseb the 
rolher as the permanency. There would doubtlessly be no difficulty 
about the former which mi^bt In* safely left in the bands of the 
Committee* but it was very difficult to decide as to the form the 
permanent memorial should take/* With that hardihood which is 
horn of true modesty we nnblushingly come fon^^ard to indicate the 
lines for moulding (to keep to the tinsel simile) both the pinchbeck 
and the sterling metal mementoes of the occasion. We are urged to 
this l>y having recently l>eeii descrilHnl, in a circular, as ** that fort- 
uightly brochure, which bad manifestly taken the lead, with modest 
yet laudable attempt^i to so succeesfnlly please; ** we feel sure that the 
writer of that sentence, if no one els(\ will naturally look to the 
Journal for guidance, and we would not like bim to be disappointed. 
Again* we wish to bghten the iab^^nrs of the Committee by placing 
before them the outlines of what ever^'one will at once recognise as 
being tJie best of all possible Celebrations and Memorials— another 
instance of our modesty \ the Committee is composed of busy men 
whose time is fully occupied— the official portion, that is — and the 
assistance and "light" that they will receive from a perusal of our 
article will be of a value incalculable. 

To prove bow really in earnest we are we publish this issue on the 
Wednesday instead of the Friday, not, as some might ill-naturedly 
remark because we have managed to scrape together enough " copy ** 
for a numl^er earlier than usual, nor l>ecause Friday hay>p^ns to be a 
public holiday and the office will be closed on that day, but for the 
simple reason that the Committee will meet on the afternoon of Wed- 
nesday and we are anxious tu avoid causing them the anuoyancCp we 
may say pain» they would feel at not having had an opportunity of 
reading our *' Diamond Jubilee'* article Ivefore they met to discuss this 
burning question. The mere thought of it has turned the colour of 
our cover. 



The gentlemen nominated by the Resident at the public meeting 
were Ciilled together at the Government Sc^eretary's Office on Saturday, 
the 27th ult.. when Messrs. G, Browne. A. J. W, Watkins, C. E. 
Spooner, A. R. Yenning^ .Ytip Kwan Seng, Lok Yew, Tamby Abdullah 
and K. Tambusaray Pillai and Captain H. L. Talbot were present, 
and Messrs. Syers, Travers, Caiey, Alexander* Lini Tua Tow and Raja 
Bot and Raja Laut were absent. At this meeting the following names 
were submitted of gentlemen who should be asked to join the Com* 
mittee : Messrs. L. Dougal, C. E. F. Sanderson. G, Camming, W. 
Nicholas, C. Meikle, E. Cameron. P. M, S, Comaraj*a Chetty, J. H. M. 
Robson, C. Severn, Haji Mohamed Ali. Lok Chow Kit and H, C* 
Ridges, It was understocnl that Mr. C. Seyem Iiad kindly couiientinl 
to give his valuable services as Hon. Secretary. The meeting adjoiuned 
until the 3rd March, at 2 p.m., when the Committee will again meet 
at the Government Secretary's Office. 

Me. E. W. Birch has taken up the duties of British Resident, 
Negri Sembilan, and will act in that post during the Hon. Martin 
Lister^s absence on leave. We are sorry to hear that Mr. Lister's 
health has been very indifferent of late, and hope that the trip home 
will eompletely set him up. He need hare no fear for the progress 
during his absence of the ** Negri 9'*: then* i« littfe doubt but that 
the State will boom under his locum tenens. 

Mb. Hugh Cliffoed, who was expected in Kuala Lumpur on 
Sunday last, arrived on Tuesday. He wiH accompany the Resident- 
General to Fahang overland by the new road. 

It b rumoured that Mr. H- C, Belfield, Commissioner of Land 
and Mines, F.M.S., will act here as British Resident during Mr. 
Rodger's absence. Seven years ago this month Mr. Belfield was 
in charge of the State for a short period during Mr. Maxwell's 
absence in Hingitpore on the occasion of the visit there i*f th^ Duke 
of Connaught. 

Mb. G. A. Tai*bot has made a short visit to Selangor during the 
past week, and with Mr. E. V. Carey, has inspected New Amherst 
and other estates in which he is iuteri»sted» 

Mb. F. a. Totkbee*s lieailtli, we are rerj sorry to hear, rendt^rs it ' 
necessary for him f%^in to visit Eun>pe. He left Kuala Lumpur 
earlv in the week. 



It iM rumoured, but we cannot Toudi for it, that, in addition to 
the ceremony of the fonual openin)^; of the New Govemujeni Offioes 
hy the Resident-General on the 3rd April, a Ball uill he given in the 
eveniB}^ to celebrate tht? occasion, and a depart mental (RW.D.) 
dinner will be held oa the evening of the 2nd. The officers of tlie 
Departnaeiit are pnssenting a testimonial to Mr. C\ E. Spooner, State 
E&giBeer, on the completion of the work. 

Mb, H, W. Bathubst. Superintendent of Police and Prisons, 
Negri Sembilan. at present at home on leave, has l>een appoint*Kl 
ColleiTtor of Land Revenue and Kegistrar of Titles, Negri Sembilan, 
Mr, C. E. M. Desborough, the prcHent C, L. K., who m also at home 
on leave, and for whom Mr, Ald^vorth is actings has l>een appointed 
Treasurer and Insfiector of Sehouls for the same State, 

Mb. John P. Joaquim has been appoiutt^ a '* Qualified Witness** 
under the Registration of Titles Regulation » and has lieen lit.eused to 
act as a Regii^t ration Agent and Land Broker in Selaugor, 

PaiDAT next, the 5th, Han Baya, will be a public, holiday, and an 
endeavour is being made to have sports on the Parade Ground for the 
Malay school ehildren. The chief difiieultj is the collection of funds 
for prices ; but the native teachers must overcome this by appealing 
directly to their weattbier fcllow-coyDtrviuen. The British Resident 
and others of the European community have subscribed and Captain 
Talbot has given his permission for the attendance of the band. 

• NATtTRAi^LT, in our endeavour to feel the piil>hc pulse as to the 
beet method of celebrating the ** Diamond Jubilee/* we have en- 
countered some queer cases, and that bard thinking is sometimes too 
much for minds not used to the exercise seems to be proved l»y the 
following atrtK-ious suggestion, which a man^ whom we formerly 
regarded as a friend to the Jounial and oiirselveSp is depraved enough 
t^* make. We solemnly promised, in a weak momeot, and liefore we 
knew what was coming, to let the Committee liave the benefit uf this 
suggestion : w^e have, therefore, done so ; but it will be a warning to us» 
never again to make any pnunises when we meet anyone when getting 
our "hair cut" just before tiffin. He writes: *' Now, first as to the 
* Tinsel' or 'Splash' [the writer gives himself away by hie vulgarity] 
for the day. It is very evident to ajiyone who has lived for a few 
years here that nothing ' * '*^z^':ft*- native mind with anything like 
the force of the Gr» Dn which the S,F*B. is every 



votLi- tunn*tl liioM<v Wi'll, I htm, thon' you are: havo a really good and 
^n'jit f'tHiHaxiation wUilIi will not only doligbt the thousajids of 
Knala LuiiijMjr, l>nt wliirli, froiii its position, will also feast the eyes 
of tin* inliiJiitarilM of tlu* t'tumlrv for miles rouEd, and which will be a 
flHin^ iMul fill' li bviiidlDLf whirh hus nervi^d its time and whose appear- 
aiim! uow-a-dayM nwniH lo invitt" demolition. Rather let its end be 
l^rliiriuuw »iud Huddon, Yos; burn down the old Government Offices ! 
W 1 1 lit a HiHH'taele ! [ After a few pajijes of rhapsody, he then goes on ;] 
•• Hut tlie ji[«laMli or tinnel of thd* celebration is but a very secondary 
matter eon»pared witli wluit we all wish for and aliout which we are bo 
pu«/,led [our friend had not ha4 the benefit of reading our ** Diamond 
Jul»ilee*' urtieli'] -\h„ something which may Ijeof j*ermanent use^ and 
that is* }\\Hi wlieri' thiB idea seores. Nut only do you have a grand« 
iujpivssive and unrivalled (and very cheap) «iisplay, but by carefully 
not u^moviuj; any uf the jtaiM^rs from the dtwmed pile you thereby do 
a work whost^ inllueni>e will be felt thn^u^h the ages and the idea of 
wl»irh ^ill l>t» bU»8st»il by thousands still unborn. Only think of it ! 
The dimipjH.'araniV of a few tons of papers will no doubt lie much felt 
hy somo of our dt^votiMl public serv^nta (1 beg ihm pardon, GoTem^ 
ment OIHtvrs) [the writer imdeiitly imagUMa tbat ht has a tara for 
aarcaatu] ; but tbey will doiib|]en» as always* be i^eadj to aacrifiee 
Uieir own ftvtin^ts i*a the Altar of PtibNc ONiT«>iil«ticew mad the all but 
univi^r«id joy at baviug ao * Fbrmer Bipera* to be cmlkd for a&d made 
tbt* t^icust^ for d^'by aad c^b^niit]o& of ail aorls* and tilt ciianoe* 
awkr a tutm rtfitmt staitiag vitb a 'ckiika skfer/ oC data? away onoe 
and tor all with tint an neocaga nr and absurd anuMinl of trivial cofrca- 
poadaooe'* 9i.^aK*Cinw^ Wtwie^on fara rpmorvd but a t<fw yaida from each 
olli«r« would tTMk, I am «aii^« cMhb a snlneriptmi la tie laiaed to 
yaiiinn oC tlNiae wIm» w^iiv iatnmsMtit and |itwfid» ^hem with a gaad 
aapp^y cCpeaa^ ink* pafipr and ffed tape loaohge thariWfc^ 
We dball wioat W i^tTe ih^ wmmt of llir writer* tbsMHih W neUy 
dfarrrfa to be inbbited 

Osi TWaday. the 
Xr. F. A. ^vHivnhiai. 

Mr. Tan Ikm 



G^rmlaials waa worked up to a state of great excitement, which was not 
nice, Mr. Yap Hou Chin, however, had been so thoughtful for the 
comfort of some of the Western iMrl*ariaus jiresent that the Sehaigor 
Band was in attendance to phiy during the really excellent perfor- 
mance of the Shanghai troupe : the ehauj^e of music was refreshingly 
t4me. A progi-amme of 22 items included conjiiring", balancing 
and acrobatic tricks. One item, that of breaking bricks across the 
forehead, seemed to rob the nig^^er of that pre-eminence he has always 
enjoyed of possessing the hardest head of the human race ; some 
contortionist business was \ijTy clever, as was also some stick balanc- 
ing ; and diving through a frame, the inside edge of which was 
bristling with knife*points, was a very clean loeiie of wurk, though 
the slightest miscalculation on the part of the performer would have 
made it just the reverse. An act with liv»* snakes, where the per- 
former had one going through each nofetrih then coming out of 
his mouth and twisting round his head and neck, may l>e descrilwd 
u decidedly not nice. With this exception, so far as we saw— for we 
only stayed till the small hours of Wednesday tnorning, and we 
understood that they bad euoogli tricks in the (jag to keep going all 
night, and they were going hard when we left — the show was reai 
good and well worth seeing. As usual on these occasions, Mr. Yap 
Hon Chin was not unmindful of the comfort of his guests. 

The current Netjri SemhiJau Gazetff^ contains a further report by 
Mr. A. Xeyser on the tlouds in the Triang Valley, 

The annual sale of work in connection with the Selangtir Bramh 
of the Churuli Work AssMciation will take j>lace ou Thursday, 4th 
March, at 5 p.m.. at the Girls* School, Brickfields Road. Tlie usual 
"Rummage" and Refreshment Stalls will be '* well teethe fore;" 
there will also be the novel and pleasing addition of a caf^^'chantani, 
which is being arranged under the direction of Mr. C, Severn ; 
admittii^ce, 50 cents. We print the report of the Hon. Secretary, 
Mrs. Haines, on twelve months' work of the the local branch of the 
Association : 

The PAfisoNAOB, Kuaia Lumpur, 25th February, 1897, 
To Lady Mitchell. President, C.WA. : 

Madam, — I have the honour to forward herewith the annual 
report of the Selangor Branch of the C.WA. for the twelve months 
ending Octoljer, 18!M>. 

The number of paying meml>ers during the period under review 
was 30, as compared with 17 last year, and 15 associates as compared 



witli B. Sereml members a&d a few aseocimles h^re, hoiwefw^ left the 
State daring; the Tear. At the time of meeting io Jantsarr. 1897. 1 
find br the books that the register is as follows ;^ — HembeTii^ 24; 
AjKodatea, 10, 

Mn. Bodg^-, who has 

the Tice-PlwdeDt dufing the rear. 

haa* br her untirmg esa/erjgj and inierest^ instiQed oew life into oar 

Brandi and conaderablr extended oar qibero of 

not onlj 

ht her personal help but also bj generooalT proTiding all the materiala 
during the Erst half of the rear, so that we can now ahow a more 
satia^sdoffj baiance sheet ; the balance now in band being ?143 as 
eomfared with $17 UsI rear. 

At the annual general meetixig. 
wasreaolred to csarnr on our 
ia, bjr holdii^ pi?riodUml 
State — until our funds are sufictenlif large to admit 

oxxr help to other plaoea. 
We had a moal 

asle of work lait Jnlr. 



atelk with woflc done bj meaibera, th«re wet* Ume^ alalia, a reim^ 
OMBt stall and a romnttfia HaU, and, aa ewjihinir wma fs%m^^ br 

the generous Ubetalitj of mesiliera and 

sale, %\h% wet^ net piofiL Tlie 



the pfooeeda of Xhm 
kindlj lent tlwir haO an 

Soo^ of the dothea nnanU from the 

sent to Singapoi 



decided to forward a 

of «M 

to the a IHehalaa Hoom^^ to be naed onfa^alff of two 

Geotfcv whoae father f onneflT wooded in tUa State. We r a niytd n 

gmtefol fetter of 

tnm the Seaetaiy of the So«tr. 

held dnriBf the 
the Tktona lutietiitioii. 12 being the 


T miinf ■ gtiff mn 

alof Mfnot 





$ *. 

Hikaiir ia Ort 1895 

.. 17 06 

Qui— liiilwi^ 

... 47 00 


... ISS 00 

Wwk|»idfer ... 

.. 7 00 

( ■iBUTCljf, 



iSi 06 



A MEETiNo of tht^ St'lungor Museum Oommittt^e was held on 
Thursilay, 2h\)\ February, Messrs, A. S. Baxmidale (iu the Chair), 
L. B. You DuUoj> (Hon, St-c), J. Russoll, C. E. F. Sanderson ami 
A. R. Venning being present. The Museum was inspected and the 
ininutes of the last meeting retul; Mr. Von Donop eoneented to 
continue to act us Hon. Sec; Mr. Venning siiLmitted a draftof ti letUT 
to the Government with reference to a more suitable site ^nA building 
for tbe Museum. 

The Committee aeknowled^e with thanks the receipt of the follow- 
ing additiouB to the Museum during Jiiuuary :— Frotii Mr. L. B. Von 
Duiiop* a8am|>Ie of Borneo gut ta and a snake; Mr, E, M. L. Edwar<ls, 
a iiioth and coeoon; Mr. Huttenbiuib, a eoffee-destroying Ix^tle ; the 
Rt!V, C. Leteesier, a l>eetle; Mr. Naidu* a bee moth; Dr. Travers, a 
hawk and two snouts of a sword shark (the property of tbe late Mr. 
8, E Harper}. 

Number of visitors duiiug January 1,812. 

Minutes of the Annual General Meeting of the Belangor Planters* 
IsBoeiation, held iti the Helangor Club, oa Saturday, ^Uth February, 
1897, at 10.30 a.m. 

Pr^ani — Messrs, E. V. Carey (Chairman), C. Meille/Lake, Dougal, 
Walker (MemWrs of Omimittee). Hurth. M. Stonor, Lutyens, Dysart, 
C. Glaasford. J. Glassford, R. Kiiidersley, D, Kindersley, F. Wellford, 
Tod, Swan, Nieholaa and Tom Gibson (Hon. Seeretary) ; visitor. Ml', 

1. The uotiee ealling the meeting having been taken as read* the 
minutes of last genenil meeting were read. 

Mr. Carey, before putting the minutes to the meeting, stated that 
baring read up the records of the Association for the last few years he 
had found that at a meeting which he was unfortunately unable to 
attend, on 15th Deceml>er, 1894, a refiubition liad lieen pitssed agreeing 
to the admission to meetings of reporters to the public press on the 
understanding that if their notes were not taken in shorthaod, thoj 
be submitted to the Cbiurmau or Hon, Secretary Liefore pul)lication. 
His motion at the last meeting that the representative of the Mafay 
Mail should be admitted was therefore unnecessary, and he expressed 
his regret that the resolution to which be referred had escaped liis 

The minutes were then ronfirmed. 

2. Read letter from Chairman to the Government Secretary, for- 
wardLnf? resolution re a ramie expert's report on Selangor land. 

:{. liead letter from Cliairman to Govern ment Secretary, forwarding 
rei»olutiou re Government importing their own labour. 


RwJ kftcr ixmm O o f qam ei il SecreUir fBtJMlhig tlifti all 
Iflilied to pimctice is diw JadlcMl i 
fet Mtidfd to piaclw'm tiie GoQrt off tfe Chkf ] 

^. B^aA letter Inn Deptctr Conmanooer tl PioGoe* Mking for 
fartWr tBionw^oo ai ta the alleged ■Muni&ctiir? of KMmUed part 
wise; aad Hon. SecretuT'i repljr tlieieta. 

6. Bttid li!C«er to the Chairrais, Ktttk Lonpor Sasxlxiy Board, i 

tlie ftppoistiiurat of a Oat emmeiit VeterinarT Inspector for \ 

7\ Mr. Cirej tnfomied the meeting that he had had further < 
pondence with Mr, Mafihkw on the fiobject of hk propooed lectnrea 1 
the Sdafif^or Plaoten re ramie, bot thought it beat to do no 
foftber at present, pending the answer frofn Goremment re an expert'i 
report. • 

8. B^«d letter from the Consul- General for the Ke 
aaktttg tf anr prize bad been offered b^ this Association or aoj otl 
Planters' Association in tbe Federated Mahij States for the inrention 
of a Liberian coffee pulpier, and intiniating that a pulper inrexited bu 
a euffee planter in Java^ Mr. D. Butin Schaap, had won the priz 
ofi^T^ br the Batavia and Soekaboemie Planters' Associations : also 
Hon, Secretary's reply to the effect that the question of inriting 
Mr. Butin Schaap to introduce a trial pulper into Selangor would W 
lirou^ht Ijefore a general meeting of this Association* and asking for 
further information about the pulper. 

9. The Annual Beport for 1896, having been distributed 
menibers present, was taken as read and adopted unanimously. 

10. Mr. Carey in vacating the chair thanked the Conimitte 
and meml)er8 for the assistance and support they had rendered hit 
during tbe past year, and proposed that Mr. Dougal should take th 
chair pro t-em. 

11. This was seconded by Mr. Walker and carried unaminouBlj." 
A littllot for offii't? bearers for 1897 was then held, with the foOowiog 
result — viz., Mr. E, V, Carey; Chairman, Mr. Tom Gibson, Hon, Sec., 
and Messrs. C. Meikle. L, Dougal, A, B, Lake, A* Walker and R. C- 
Kindersley, members of Committee. 

The meeting terminated with a rote of thanks to the chair at 12 

At the close of the meeting a list was handed round the table for 
subscript inns to the Indian Faiuin*? Fund, the meeting having previ- 
ously de<:ided against a block subacription of ?250 being devoted to 
that purpotM? from the funds of the Association. 

A sum of 5165 was subscribed at the tabic and tbe Hon. Sec. Wi 
asked to forward this amount with the request that if possible it 



gfaould be spent ia the Madras Presidency, A member subsequently 
a«ked the Hon. Sec. to make the amuuot aubstribed up to S250 — 
j^anuiteeing the different-e himself — in order that otheiis who were 
not prefleot might have the opportunity of Bubscribing if they were 
deeiroUA of doing so. 


A S we sat on Wednesday last and listened to the Resident's ex- 
4^ cellent spet^eh we were struck by one remark which appeared 
/ to us to l>e very mufh to the point and to run the risk of beinp; 

^ rather lost sij^dit of, and that was that though the manner of 
celebrating the *' Diamond Jubilee ** was a matter for mueb considera- 
tion so that it might be worthy »>f the event, the permanent memorial 
of the great occasion was of infinitely more importance. And as we 
listened the ideas began to come and go, and one wbii;h had formed 
itcelf a short time Vjefore began to take more definite Bha|>e. " The 
greatest happiness of tiie greatest number '* most be the motto* That 
teemed clear. Whatever was done to permanently mark thiH great 
event must be for the benefit of all claj^sea. A Park. But not the 
ordinary, conventional, unintereBting park we all know, but a place 
of reereation for the people with halls for amusement and instruction. 
Fortunately we posseas a growing community, and a firmly established 
municipal body. The same miud which devised and brought to 
completion tliose beautiful Grardens presides also at its deliberations. 
This will be the motive power which will urge on the good work. A 
fairly centnd position is required and, it is well known, can be easily 
obtained. It m not too late yet, but it soon will be. Stretching to the 
foot of the Petaling Hills, or in such other site as may be decided on, 
it will be placed, this Park for the People. Now we will go on and 
see the result. 

We propose to divide the subject into two parts—* 

(1) The permanent memorial ; 

(2) The celebration next June. 


Ten years hence our traveller who is lieing shown Kuala Lumpur 
is doing the proper thing. He has been driven to the Lake Club, he 
has seen the Gardens and Sydney Lake ; on his visit to Amj^ang he has 
caught a passing glimpse of a small portion of the town, and when he 
wont to Dufiun Tua of a little more : a much larger town than now, 
mind you, but the same as regards its mixed population. But he is 
a man of observation and reiection. and he turns to you and says : 
** AH this is very nice and pleasant : the Lake Club is charming, Sydney 
Lake and its gardens would do credit to any city» but for whose benefit 
are they? Does tMij crowd through which we are driving ever visit 
either ? What, then, has In-en doDe for tlic people of Kuala Lumpur ? — 
the 50,000, I mean, not the 500/* And your answer is to drive him a 
short way only, telUng him that what you are to sliow him you have 
kept to iha last. Hei-e we are at the main gate, we 'ft ill go in. 



The btoftd path war is alreodT feeling the shade of ibe tree* pfanil^d 
ten j«arB before, and the D<fatlr kept paths sti^t4 hing awaj on eftch 
tide are bngbt with flowers. At the end of the short apf^foach studa 
tite HalL thm oeatral idea of the whole^ and otrrr ita cntiaoce tbo 
foUoviiig inaeriptioD i— 

In Commemoraticm 

of the Sixtieth Year of the B^i^ of 

Her Mo«t Gracioas Mujestj Victoexjl, Queen and £mpfie88* 

under whose Protection 

the Sultau and People of Selangor 

have enjoTed Great Prosperitr for Twenty Yeai^ 

this Hall and Park 

have been established by the 

Government and Inhabitants of Selangor 

for the Enjoyment, Recreation and Instruction 

of the 

People for Ever, 

There are two halls : yes, I must explain that the large one is in 

general and constant use by all classes of the eomm a ni ty. Here 

are held gatherings of all sorts, n<»t the least well attended l^eing 

the lectnres on popular subjeet*. To-day it is overflowing with a 

gathering of the schoi)l children of all nationalities, who are being 

entertained by some of the richer Towkays of Kuala Lumpur. We 

catch a glimpse of the scene inside. The crowd — the hall can hold over 

a thousand — of happy faces harmonises well with the bright interior. 

For this is no gloomy hall, it is bright and cheerful At the end is 

an organ and the concerts which periodically take place here are a 

great boon, and are appreciated by a large and increaaing section of 

the community whose taste for good music has Ix^en cultivated theri?- 

by. The smaller hall — but would vou mind coming close so that I 

may not have to raise my voice — the smaller hall was a concession to 

the 500. They said there was no theatre at Kuala Lumpur and that 

it would be a great thing to have tbis halL So there it is with its 

raised seats and stage. It holds 400 and can often be made use of 

on other occasions so that its presence is ielt to be quite in keeping 

with the rest 

But we must l>e getting on as there is much to see. One end of 
the Park is a football groimd and to* day there is a crowd of nearly 
2;(KK> witnessing the final in the haJf-vearly contest. This is being 
fought out between the Malay and the Chinese Football Clubs, There* 
are six Malay Clubs, six Chinese and six Tamil, anil the amount of 
interest taken in the game is extraordinary. These contests were 
stimulated greatly by the gift of a cup at the time of the np*ening of 
the Park in 18J*8. Tliis cup was presented by the heads of the Chinese 
and Tamil communities and it is played for every six months. 

From the football grttund we visit the Kiosk. This is a bMTid^ome 
structure, capable of holding from 200 to 300 people, v ^ht 

refrefthments can l)e obtained at a verA* moderate j*rioe, ^ i to 

the building i.s a Swimming Bath of great length and bread rii where 
contests periodically take place, and also a Gymnnsium, The latter. 



jcfu will obeerve. is not conatructecl in the ordinary way* It covers a 
considerable area and is designed eftf>eoially for the larpre denioustra- 
tions which take place periodically. Though a few may attain to 
great proficiency the idea Ims be<?n, both in the SwimmiD^' Bath 
and Gymnasium, to create an active interest in these sport si 
You may be surprised that neither Gymnasium nor Bath are over- 
crowded, but they are managed on a system under which no one is 
elij!:ible to enter until his doing so has been approved of and he has 
satisfied the sub-eommittee that he has attained the proficiency whioh 
will enable him to make proper use of the place. The different nation- 
alities have the use of the Bath and Gymnasium on different days of the 
week and the combined membership is now about 1,500. There is a 
small subscription which, after paying all expenses^ leaves a monthly 
sum to go towards the ^^t>neral expenses of the Park, 

The mere description of these iteius. which go to miike up the whole, 
conveys bttle to the mind. What impressed i*ur visityor as we wandered 
through the grounds was the interest apparently taken in the place by 
the people and their evident desire to keep it i>roperly. I bad to m- 
fciroi my companion of the diffieullies whiih had at first been encounter- 
ed. How the peui4e had seemed shy <ff entering the Gardens, though 
the ver^^ small charge whirl i has always been made to cover a portion of 
the expenses was well within the reach uf all. and how from going to 
witness the fuutliall matches which from the very first were a success, 
the spectators had liegun to wander through and take an interest in 
the GardeDs — an interest which has steadily increased. 

And the Museum is here. There it is, over there in that pictnr- 
escjue building where the gxoimd begins to rise towards the hill. 
There used to be a Museum in the old days, but it wils badly housed 
and badly situated, and struggled along under adverse circumstances. 
Then, only a minority \isited it. Now, all take an interest in it. 
We will not visit it to-day, it in too crowded ; to-morrow is one of 
the two days in each week when the general pubHc is excluded and ad- 
mission is confined to life members antl hy order. We will go to-morrow, 

" Now^ about the finances I want to hear/' says my friend. ''Is 
your Park self sui>porting ? " It is now, and has been for the past 
few years. At first, however, the surplus of the fund raised had to be 
expended in keeping it up. Every part of the undertaking now yields 
revenue which rather more than covers the expenditure. The original 
estimate was JS50/)00. This appeared a very large sum at the time 
and doubts were freely expressed as to whether it could ever be raised. 
A public meeting was held, however, and the general scheme laid 
before it. This led tei a Committee being appointed to au|>er:ntend 
the raising of the fuud. Fortunately, at this time a piece of liind had 
been already acquired which had only to be extended to provide the 
requisite area. Some uf the larger subscribers who held the surround- 
ing land presented in the most handsome way such portions as were 
needed, and in a very short time the land difficulty wils at an end. 
The Government had promised to contribute :^1 for every $2 raised 
and in a month the Committee were in a position to call upon the 
Government to fulfil the promise. 660,000 was the total sum and of 


this $50,000 was expended in establlBbint^ 1 lie Park and providing for 
currying it on until it was aelf supporting. The remaining suni waft 
invested and the interest has been expended periodically in extendinj;» 
the area of the park to meet the ever-iuereasing demands of a growing 
]>opiiJation, The entire property is vested in Trnst-ees and is 
managed by a Committee ctmsisting of 15 members retiring annually. 
Five of these are nominated by Government, five by the Munieipality 
(since the latter body tuok the place of the old SiOiitary Board), and 
these 10 memWrs co-opt five moit;. The financiiil direction of the 
scheme is in the hands of the Committee as a whole, while 8ub-eom- 
mitteee manage the various parts— the Halls, Kit^sk, Musfum, Football 
Ground, Swimming Bath and Gymnasium, 

When the Fund was originally staKed it was announced that 
subscribers of $50 and upwards would become life members, with the 
privilege of free entry to Park, Halls, eutertainments, et<!., and that 
on one day a month the Park would Ix^ resc^rved for them only. So 
large a number of life membershiiis were taken up. that, after the 
Park had Ijeen open for thn?e years, the Committee decided to raise 
the price of these tickets t«3 .^75. You will have an opportunity, before 
you leave Kuala Lumpxir, of lK>ing present on a " Life Day/* as it is 
now called, and you w^ill, I fjxncy, U- mther astonished at the crowded 
and fashionable gathering vou will sec here. Annual tickets, at $5 
each, are also issued, and are very popular, the number taken up 
increasing every year. 

My traveller is impressed : he turns to me and says, ** Yes, this is 
what I meant — S4>mething for the jitHtple. Why, there must be 3,000 
here to-day. This is the si»rt of thing required ; hospital wards can 
be left to the Governnumt to build, l>ut such a plac*e as this the 
pei>ple themselves must found. They iiei*d direction, however; to be 
told what they want ; and to b« shown liow to use it; and that Committee 
which, you tell me, 10 years ago did this thing has raised a memorial 
whose j^emianence is undoubted and the success of which is apparent 
from what we have seen to-dav/* 

But, kind reader, this is no dream of what might be done: it i« a 
8Ugge8tion of what could— and, in our opinioo, should— l>e done ; it 
is a retrospect of what, it may Ix*, was done, to celebrate in the mast 
universal way possible an event so glorious. 

Though Selangor had been for nine months under the rule of 
Jupiter Pluvins, the morning of 22nd June, 1897, opc^ned in bright 
sunshine and a loyal and contented jx^ople rose to celebrate the gloriou» 
and unique occasion. On the previous day Kuala Lumpur had lieen 
filling up. every part of the State contributing t-o swell the numbers. 
Adjoining States had also added a far from insignificant quota, for it 
had been rumoured that the Kuahi Luujpur festivities would, to ])ut it 
mildly. l»e the biggest thing of the kind tliat would take place in the 
Far East. 



Tmin loaxls of passengers, each with liis or her white " Diamond 
Jubilee** return ticket, eoutiiiueil to arrive up to the eveoing of the 
great daj it^lf . 

Tlie i't*lebration — that is, the two days' holiday — may fairly l>e 
divided into European I>ay and Universal Day* On the first* the chief 
feature was Oie conclusion of the cricket match between E. W* Birch's 
team and the Selangor team which had l>egun on Saturday- At 
4.30 p*m. a most successful Gymkhana was held on the racecourse, 
while in the evening a subscription dani'e was given in the 
Q-ovemment Offices. 

Then, as the day dawns for the great occasion, we will revert to the 
present tense and try tu give sopie idea of what hapj^ened : 

6 a.m.— Telegram of congratulation sent by H. H. the Sultan to 

H.M. the Queen, 

7 a.ra. — The Malay States Guides parade in the presence of the Soltan, 

the Raja Muda and the MenilxTs of Council. A fen-de*jom is 
fired and they marrh ]>ast to tlie stniins of the '* Guides* March.** 
A walk through tiie tuwn is well worth the trouble. The 
population has responded nobly to the invitation to decorate, and 
unrler the direction of the snb-cornmitt«^e ui>pointed for the 
]*urpo8e the principal streets present a magnificent sight, The 
monster Chinese procession is uuw beginning to get under way, 
with all the din of gongs and pipes inseparable from such a 
function. The procession, in which all the leading members of 
the ChineHc cotninunity take part, after j>roceediiig round the town 
arrives at the Parade Ground^ where the Malay sjiorts which 
began at 8 a.m. are jiint concluding. 

11.30. — ^The Chinese take up their position at the north end of 
the ground under the 8pa4::ious atap marquee erected there, 
while the Tamils, who arrive in procession soon after, do the 
same at the south end under a similar marquee. 

12 noon. — The Malays are in the centre, and while the crowd fills up 
the intervening space twelve o'clock arrives and the 00 guns 
begin to boom out. As the last gun is fired a voice proclaims 
three cheers for Her Majesty the Queen Empress, and, directed by 
signal from the <iais at the Clitl>, the enormous concourse gives 
expression to its feelings and the sight is worthy of the day. 

12.30 — As the cheers die away the procfss^ioua Ijegin to reform and in 
half-a-hour the ground is clear again and preparations begin fur 
the evening's exhibition of fireworks. 

It would occujjy too mueb space to attempt a description o^ the 
Selangor Club on this day of days, the gorgeousness of the 
decorations which adorn the building or the crowded stale 
of the interior; to describe the native sports, which last from 
4.30 to dark ; or the very fine assault at aruis hy the Sikhs in the 
centre of the ground ; Ihe tV-asts in the marquees ; or the wonder- 
ful effect produced as the wholf* face of the Government Offices 
to the very top of the tower gradually becomes a mass of coloured 



twtfm the 

^^ — . of IwiaUiBff ttofv in ef«rf iksfi 
by the src Attmi liglil M Ife Yoy t^ 

init woAfi, aad tli«& Uuck ud la«t fur f olljr tlmfie-qiuirlere of mm 
iKisr llufj fl/« fii»dt«to^ lail wet piacee^ fodttEftiBS of ^n^, B0111&& 
Oiodliv ood irvcrf dcwim of lbs pjrotoeliBie aitlfl* tiD witli a inal 
blut wm mm Her UAJoii/i tetiimi« 50 feet ia bdglil* ud und^- 
DiMlli to hiUfn 0( Anihts tbongbt thai is paraBMHiiit in ilie hmxt 
of fcU— 

" God Sat* the Qvvkh.*^ 

Hi> ♦rfj*l» U*i» gnat da? for Kualm Lumfmr, a day t*> hie n -roemberied 
hm^. It t« tnii? all li&i'bera itmgoed for e^fftfct. Call tt the '* tinsel/* 
if you |iU*aft*% if tlwit Ij*> ** tiniiel ^ wliieh ihows tlmt Eoro^iean and 
Nat fvif aljkf r«-j<ii**i- lo o'Ufhrato with all the itomp that is y>o8sible 
(hi* Attiiiui»*<nt I'T the GmcioQn 8 ov^reufn, under whose pn>teetion 
fJii« RtiliT of tljjN land ha» placed himself, to a reign of iinprece- 
d4*ut'5#J ]i>n^th find ^l^^rjr. 

»»»•♦*• • ••»••> 



T N II fomi^r uumlw?r of the T-, 8. K, R. A. S., Sir W. MaiweU (then 

I Mr, W. E. Maxwi'll) ronlributed a very raluaVjIe account of 

I i'iir*\*0LnwH tin lAnyi'A in Pi nik. In the following account it is 

/ l,r<>i»mii\ UMlral with' the niiuit* huliject, as regarded from aSelaugor 

Mlunil|«iint, thi* two Htati-ii jm>heiitiiig the same diversity of detail in 

the iHindui't iif their paftiimiHi aa it noticeable in their more sehoua 


The following art' ih^^ namoii of th*^ cards used in Selangor: — 

HinirfH— Lckok or Pangkab 

DiiiijioudH lUim (rHim) or Chiduk. 

Chilm Khiwcr. 

Himhm -Dayoag Kling or Sakopong, 

King Kaja 

(^utH'ii l'n>h or Nyouya. 

Kimvi' - Pt'kak or Haiiiba. 

A*"i- Hal, 

1\. hUuBv Hauchoh or Menggntd. 

To ileal MfUihiigi. 

Ti» cut Krai. 

To Hwcc|t I he l>oa.rd— Mcrelong or Metigglong. 

To [wiy all ri»und— MeiidjuJcr ehingkfh, 

A nii tiirc or court card- Augkoiig or Iviida, 

A three Jalor (-e.c^. two threes—dim jalor). 

A cnnl (tPnlinarv)— Oaiin. 

A scqjicnce— able (Daun sa-gbk), 



k three ino8t iiuiiortant curd games are (1) main sakopong (2) 
iibut (8) malu tiga 'Jei or pakaiL 

1. In the ^mo called sjikopon^ all cards from two to six inchisive 
are cast out, and five cards are dealt out to eac*h of the players (who 
inay be from twu to four in number J ; a pi aver leads (turunkan) 
the card and the next player has either to follow suit (turun-kan daun 
sagaji) or throw down a card, turning it over (susupkan). If the next 
player is able to follow suit whot^ver plays the highest card of the suit 
wins. If each player wins a trick, it is declared drawn (3ri), and in 
this ease all stakes are returned. 

2. IVIain chabut is a variation of vingt-et-un, but with thirty-one 

e>ints • (the Javanese, however, play with twenty-one points as in 
urope). Two cards are dealt by the dealer (perdi) to each player, 
who draws (chabut) fresh cards from the bottom of the pack in his 
turn and gets as netir as |>(>ssible to thirty-one. If he thinks he cannot 
sftfely draw another card (ejj, after twenty-six pips are in his hand) he 
"pjLsses" (w^hich is called *' blit kechil" if he stops at twenty-siXp 
twenty-seven or twenty -eight, and *Mjlit besar" if he stops at twenty- 
nine or thirty). 

If he obtains exactly thirty-one pips, he is said to ** ent«r the 
l^oints " (masok mata) ; but no player can draw more than seven cards. 
and if he has after drawing to the fall limit still failed to obtain as 
many pips as he wants, he is said to ** enter the pack '* (masok dauu)* 
I may add that the first two cards ai*e called " liinas " and this may l>e 
of various kinds — e.g.^ 

( 1 ) Lunas nikah ~i.e,, angkongden gan sat (a court card and an ace) ; 

(2) Kachang di-reiidang di-tugalkan — i.e., two aces; a very con- 
venient hand, as the aces may be reckoned as either one or eleven as 
occasion may require ; 

(8) Lunas sa-glabat or sagaji ampatblas — i\e., angkong dengan 
dauD ampat (court card and four) ; 

(4) Lunas dua jalor, two threes; 

(5) Ace and two, which is the Ix^st of all 

In playing '* chabut *' the tens should be cast out (di-buang daun 
puloh). When two players have the same number of pips — e.g., nine 
and nine or eight anJ eight, the coincideui'e is described in the words 
'* Jumpa di-jalan, di-adu, kalali, di-chabut, mati.*' 

And again, when a player has obtaineib let us say, twenty-six pips 
with six cards, and so has only one more chance, and is afraid to risk 
it, his position is ridi-uled in the phrase " 8a-nepak Ulu Klaug " a jest 
of obviously local coinage. 

The phrase **Tengah tiang*' (half mast), again, is applied totw^enty- 
five pips held irrespective of the number of cards ; and if more than 
thirty -one are obtained, the player is said to be out (mati or maaok 

* Tb«* ArtkiJi* wn« nriKiiuiny compoff*d *omo time apo. mid I havo since learnt that the pLtn« 
it p)iijf«fi hoth wiiyii by rli«^ Miiln.v.v !f 21 points oul j i» the pi rue, court t«rd* ura not count wi ; 
hut if elic pnunt' ui HI immin they iirt* fttso addttt in. 


Dnun tru8 

(tigifc angkong or tigm 

(3) Baun Tiga loi or Pakau is played here as follows : — ^Three 
cards ait* dt^ah bv tho dwiler to oach player and the wiaoer h he 
who holds the gn>at4^8t uiimb€*r of pipe, with certain exeeptiona. 

/ Tht* best hand is three aces (tiga sat) ; 

L The next is three threes (tiga jaJor) ; 

\ Tho next is thrtv tens (tiga puloh) ; 

I The next is tUrve court cards 

\ kudaV 

I Of other hands the best is a remainder of nine pips left 

I aftor deducting ten from a hand of aineteem pips ; 

\Tho next is a remainder of eight pips and so cm. 

A. hMXkd of three ihives. it will be ^hserred, is the second best 
liand im Selaiigi>r» whet^aa in F^tak. acoorfing to Mr. KaxwelL it i^ 
Ihn^wn t^wijT ^^ ^^ worst. 

TW slakea. which ai«» dcpooiled i& two hmfm bj tmk plaj^* an 
btff^ «alM ** kapak** aikd ** bmitiil*' (or dm-) reqiectmhr, and the 
''iBifala'* ia gmnlhr Uhm^ not alwmYs grmJbet tlua tlw "ekor ** in 
TkihtflTn iiiiNad of tM iwi^m. Hw latter can ouij be lost when a 
]pll|J^»r aw» i |w iW board. A single stako again is podnL bat bertnwi 
m fij^^ to bottii^ bc<w^«sn plajm* and aocong or tokoi^e means to 
Ml di^wn a sitab? Wlon^ Toor riial nplies witk a eoalovlnke 
(tetfian or ti|iah\. A phj^ wlho koMa iMrtf cxacthr, is not oal 
, kis w^ bold a cooit card and t«>s lc»a. To look at tbe 

rotnaoMwand pittaaesaBnliedtopartt- 
( at w^ la whsA I aar addV 


kr cartJb aad 


aftdn tw^ 
•c^ (1 
a «owt «aid or a 

vHk a «owt i 



YWtiara(asQr asd 

IWoTHlwtfisn of 
Mffs %s l» ilna tke 
KM I WHI a m, ai4 - 

lh» oaa^ Mar hf V 

knH t^ as 


la an ^^U 


g^jjJjJf^Ss^^ kMc^SiR ^sM 

A •« 

No. 14.— Vol. V.—191A Mnreh. ISfiT. 



HE Resident-General, who left hert* with Mr. Hugb Clifford, 
on the 7ih inst., for Pabaii^' ri** tbi? new road, is expected 
to return to Kuala Lumpur al>»jut the 24tli. 

Mr, a»d Mks. J, E. de la Ckoix arrived \u KuaLa Lunipiir on 
Sundav last, they were met at the station by Mr. A. Bntk^ and are 
jrueBts of the Kesident-Genemh Mr. dt* la Croix was here in 1881* as 
the Agent of M, R. d'Orgevah of Paris, tc* whom the Snltiin granted 
tb? conc*?ssion8 now worked by the Mulay States Tin Mining Company, 
under the niauagcmeut of Mr. G, tL H'Uie. Mr. de la Croix is here 
in his eaj>acity uf Consulting Engiueer for the above company. 

Mb. DotJGLAS Campbell returned to Kuala Lumpur on Sunday, 
the 14th inst., brinj^^ing with him Mrs. Bouglus Caurpbell. Mr. 
Campbell hiu* Imm up to Ulu St^langur to Wnit and take leave of hie 
old district, aad resumes duty in the Klaug District. 

Mr. J. 8. H. Freneh, As-^iiistant Treasurer, reUimed froui eighteen 
months* k'ave on the 7th inst. The same vessel br<.uight liark to the 
East Mr. H. G. B. Vane, State Auditor, Pemk. Both Mrs. Vane and 
Mrs. Freneh, for the present, remain in England. 

Mr. E. W. Tranchell, of the Perak Sen'ice, who has recently 
been acting as State Auditor, Perak, has taken up his new appoint- 
ment of Collector of Land Revenue and Registrar of Titles, Selangor, 
Mr. Tranchell joined the public werviee in 1884. The app(jintment is 
gazetted as viee Mr. Ebdt n, i*t'omoted to Perak. While congratulat* 
ing Mr. Ebden on his rather long-delayed promotion, we regret that 
Selangor will lose him, Mr, Ebden, we hear, is at present reading 
far the Bar, 

Major W. M. M. Edwards, V.C, with Mrs. Edwards, is here on 
a visit to his lu-uther. Mr, E. M. L. Edwards. Major Edwards won 
hh V.C. at Tel-ebKebir. 

^itE case, C. C. Thompson r. Howarth, Erskiue, Limited, in eon- 
^^\th work done on the Pahanj? Trunk Koail, has concluded in 



faTour of the plaintil^, who has bei^n allowed full claim and coffts. 
Mr. TlionipBou, who has not been very well of late, hae gone on a few 
days' racatiun. 

Mr. W. E. Venniijo, of the S.G.B., hit on Tuesday last for a 
three mouths' trip to Japan, on the score of health. Hi8 many 
friends in Selangor wish hitn a pleasant time. Two other Selangor 
offifials* Messrs. Brown and Poiintlali are now in Japan, and the 
Head of our Government proceeds there on three months* vacation 
in April, We hear that Mr. D'Arcy Irvine is also in Japan. 

Home to Europe! Next month, we hear* Mr* Alexander, Mn 
H. O. May nurd, and Mr. G. H. Hone will he en route for England; 
Mr. McGregor and Mr. Grove», of the P.W.B., both hard-working 
officials in want of a rest, hope to In? going on leave in the immediate 
future. Mr. and Mrs. Stafford will also be going away for twelve- 
monthg or more in April. 

Mr. H. M. Hatch ell, now at home on leave, will not return to 
Selangor, be havinj^' received the appointment of Deputy Commiaujouer 
of Police and Frisons, Negri Sembilan. Mr. HatcheU, who joined 
thi^ Selangor service in July, 1890. and held the substantive appoint- 
ment of Asai-stant District Officer. Klaug, baa had sonie police 
experience, having acted as Assistant Superintendent during Mr. 
Edwards* absence on leave, 

Mr. John P, Joaqutm, Advocate and Solicitor, of Malacca, who 
has appeared in «ome lialf-dozen cases here and has had the good 
fortune to win them aU. is about to open an office in Kuala Lumpur. 

Ma. S. H. MoRfiK, **the Great Tenor/* gave a concert at the 
Selangor Club on the llth inst,, assisted by Mrs. Haines, Mrs. Syera, 
Mrs. Stafford, Mr. Severn and Mr. MacCunn. The concert was very 
good, the attendance very bad. 

The current issue of the NeQri Sembihn Government Gazdh 
contains about half-a-dozen annual reports; this is the first issue 
under the new ruler. Verb, $ap. 

A SfKOA^poBE pap>er ha« ei3cured a Selangor correspondent wbo» 
rcferrinif to the Harl Raya public holiday, writes: *' This is a new 
arrangement and one that might well have been put into force bcfoiv," 
It IS a pity the correspondent wasn't here Ijefore, or he would have 
known that the Hari Raya has always been observed as a public 
holiday in Selangor. 



Tut. following letter, signed by the Chairman and members of the 
[iisenm Committee, has been addressed to the Oovernment Secretary : 

*'8£Li.NooB Museum, Kuala Lumpur, 28th February, 1897. 

*'8l», — As it appears to U8, the Memliers of the Committee 
ppoinied by GoverDment to manage the affairs of the Selangor 
[UBeiUD, that the time hab arrivt- d when the Museum should be put on 
a proper footing, we venture to ask the Kesident to take into eoDBidem- 
tion the following statements, in the ho|)e that such coDBideration will 
lead to provieion beiug made for a suitable building in which to 
Kifplav the many interesting objects which have been collected, and 
or a sufficient vote to euable the Committee to secure the services of 
a competent Curator. 

'* 2. In Oct^ober lai<t a aul:>-committee waited on the Resident-General 
in order t*) ascertain his viewy in the matter, when be expressed his 
concurrence with the Committee as to the mi suit ability of the sire and 
constnietion of the pi'esent building; and stated that if it was decided 
to maintain the Museum it would bf ueeessary to ereet for the 
purpose a specially designed building in a central position. 

''3, The Eesideut-General appeared, however, to hold the opinion 
Ibat a Museum here was not neeessary, as we should never be able to 
compete with the excellent one io Taipiug, which he thought should 
sufSee for the Native States. 

" We venture to dissent from this view. 

"4. If the object of maintaining a Museum is merely to have a 
more or less imperfect eoUection of the ol>jects, natural or manu- 
factured, fouud in the sjouutry for the iiiapeetii>u and information of 
any savantn who may visit this part of the world, of course a Museum 
in one central place should suffice for the whole peninsula ; but we 
hope, if the Government will put us in a position to do so, to make of 
our Museum a centre of education and instruction for the people of 
Selangor, a plat^e where knowledge may be diffused among our 
ignorant masses, and a love of nature, with its attendant humanising 
effects, may l)e encouraged ; but this can only be attained by adopting 
the most approved modem system of classification, by which sjiecimens 
are arranged in groupie;, with descriptive letter press attached, giving 
a complete life history of each. 

** 5. Any such system, and it is the only one of any educational 
value, requires ]>leuty of space for the arrangement of the groups, and 
is impossible in our present building; and we therefore venture 
to a*k the Government to make provision in the Annual Estimates, 
189B, for a s|)e<nally eongtructe<l Museum where the present nucleus of 
a fine collectiun of natural objects rtnd industrial products may be 



exhibited, aod where we may havo space sufficient hi which to arrange 
the specimens with a view tu the best educational results, 

*' 6, In order that tht* Gdverurneut luay l»e assured that any fund* 
which mny l>e devoted to this pin'[>o8e will not be w^asted, we cheerfully 
adopt the suggestion of the K^wi dent-General that some coni|^iet«^nt 
critic tnay be a^lced to re[>t»rt on the vulue of our present collectiona, 
and we would BUi^gest that the aervicea of Mr. Leonard Wray, tlie 
accouiplished Curator of the Perak Muaeuni. may be obtained to 
advise the Governtuent iu this important matter. 

*♦ 7. In couebision we would be^' to point out that the number of 
visitors to the Museum during 1896 was 20,472/' 

The idea of a Park for the Paiple to commemorate in Selangor 
the Diamond Jidtikn:* of the reign of H M. Queen Viet4»ria is 
finding genenil favour and aeceptanw in Kuala Lumpur. The 
details of the seheiue have i»et*n gone inb>, a suitable site select^Hl, and 
plann drawn out for the information of meml>erii of committee at 
a meeting to be held at the Sehiugor Clnb this afternoon (Friday, 
the 19th). " 

Thb Selangur Branch of the Church Work Association held its 
aunuiil sale of work on the 4th iuat., and the reisult was emiuontly 
satisfactory. The following hitlies and gentlemen assisted : Refresh- 
ments — Mrs. Doug I as, Mrs. Gerrard, Miss Rodger, Mrs. Syers, Mrs, 
Watkins and Mr. Alexamler ; Adults' Clothing Stall— Miss Labmy and 
Mrs, Revue ; Children's Clothing— Mrs. Chartres and Mre. Norman ; 
Fancy Stall— Misses Martensz and Miss Strattou; Cafe Chan taut — 
Mr, Severn ; the money was looked after by Mrs. Bellamy, Mrs. Haines, 
Mrs. Wagner and Mr C. E, F. Sanderson; while the Rev. F. W. 
Haines was a sort of utility man who looked after everything. We 
bear that the Clothing and Faiicy Stalls brought in S115 ; Tea Stall, 
$59; and Drinks, SI 5, The thanks of the Association are due to 
Mrs. Rodger. Mrs. Watkins, Mrs, Syers, Mrs. Wagner, Mrs. Ridges, 
Mrs. Norman, Mrs, Langslow, Mrs. Labroy and Mrs. Haines for 
contributions towards the EefreHbmeuts and Fancy Stalls ; and to Mr. 
St*vem for the trouble he tcwik in arranging the Cafe Chantant» as well 
as to the ladies and gentlemen who kindly gave their ** turns " on the 
" stage/' 

TttK buttons— the Perak " official buttons ** — have l)een gazetted 
111 thi^ O^vemment GattMe of that. State: ther» are largtf onea asid 
small vines, the fonuer uniy 1m? pureliasod- at 1^1.28 a dozen the latt-er 
for Ub cent« : no mention is miide of any iieduction ou Uiking a 



quantity. Eules are laid down as Uy who may wear " Buttons of the 
First Class " ami ** Buttons nf the St*eonil Chiss," respectively, as well 
as tlie numlj>eT, and position * *>f inittons that may Ije worn by various 
dignitaries and officials. " His Highness wishes the European officers 
servin^^ the Govemuit^nt of Perak to wtnir these buttons" — m that 
case, the Government of H.H, might provide the LuttouSj free, gratis, 
and for nothing. 

Thx " Destructor," on the Petaliuji^ Hilk. was startal during this 
week with gi-eat success in tht; pre^*Eif of the State Euj<ineer; it will 
shortly be banded over to the Sauitar}' B<3ard- The conslmetion lias 
lieen carried out bv the P.W.D. Factory. 

The usual monthly meeting of the Committee of the Selangor Chib 
was held on the 17th itist., Mr. J, P. Rodger, President, Captaiu Syers, 
Dr. Travers. Messrs. Rutisell, Saaderson and Bligli (Seci-etary) being 
pi'esent. Messrs. A. P. Cropley, F. F, Faitlifxilb G. T. Hare. J. P. 
Joiifpiim and H. Tregartheu were ele<!ted members of the Chib. The 
U84* of the Reading Room was gi-anted for the purfKise of holding 
publii* meetiugs in coniu*etion with the celebration of the Qiieen'ti 
Diamond Jubikn*. Tendei-s for the exteusii>u of the Olul) verandah 
were opened and considered. It was resolved that the Committfe 
would recommend tht* a!t.eration of the rule wliereViy the Chief 
Magistmtoof Selaugoris ex-f^pcto Vice-Pit^sideut of the Selangor Club. 

)oEs anylxjdy km>w anything abouf tin* proposed improvements 

the cricket ground r Ha.s Einytbing In/en done bty ond strnddng n 

heap of bjillast at the Ooudjak Bridge corner of tlie Parade Ground? 

j_Wasn*t this work suppos*^d to Ik* of the greatest urgency ? Is the 

^miiig lethargy due to our Singapore victory ? Are our cricket^ars 

"waiting for a challenge from Penik to remind tht^m that it is time 

tJie work was in full swing ? 

A Pekak cfUTespondent writ*f3 : '* The construction of the Chumor- 

Kuala Kangsar line is being pushed rin Vi-ry nipidly and at very low 

lites. The days of the big contractor have passt^l away and every- 

binj^ is being done depart mentally w^ith wouderful fucccss. The 

Cnala Kangsar bridge will lie the longest railway l^rid^e in Malaya: 

tit will probably l>e seven spans of 150 ft. each. The foundations are 

Sex eel lent, and the erection will be done by Govern uient. In the dry 

season (which is the present time) one can almost wade across at the 

poiut of crossing. The pa«s at Bukit Br:i]>it is under survey at pre- 

seot, Messrs. Swan and Maclarcu's pernuinent sm*vey of this plat^ 



Wft0 wcmimftiSij good, ThmifA extremely costlj And 
^xaeate — with a ioitoe] 3,S60 fert Ion;; — ^the line n devoir 
ftnd cnrweA^ Mx$d it w doabtf uJ if the preaent Aarrffj wiH mock laiprofe 
fXpQU its In tackling^ wttrk bice tuaneling^ tbe GorwrntimaA ikNtU 
tmtiort A pbiJit eucb ni a big contractor would. If h vould paj Imn 
to do St, it would pay the GoTeroment far mote, becatm when tbe job 
i« over otbem mn* (.'oming on, if not here, id your State or other Stales^ 
In fact, to do work properly and departmjentallT the GoTfvaiiient 
ijioisid have no band the best appliancefl of the big contractor, ao that 
aoj work of engineering mar be done with tbe leait delay and ovtlar. 
Our ciTil engineers are on the spot and able to do afamosi aaytUag; 
and with proper attention the OuTemment plant shonld i^^pay itaall 
after tbe accompliahnient of a few big jobs/* 

Tbe following is the 

Sefaingor Clult Billiard 

Himdk'ap: — 


♦ 50 

Dr. Tiavcfs ... 

•r m 

C^FtTsDwi ,. -SO 

E.C. Crick 


J. QHjiib 

^ 90 

B.CDorml .. -50 

W.H, Ke^-t 


A, C KanBSB .^ 

^ n 

O-D. TUbory .. -af> 



WCtomplan ... 

^ 90 
«^ 90 

G. A. Keiactker ..KraUk 

JLC Hiirj'-r 



4- 90 

IL TregsrtWn .- „ 

Dr MH*W*ky .., 


D.MscMlli ... 

4- 90 

CBevem . 

" ■ "' h«*r 


O. T. Betft .. 


J. K Jnsi|iiii! 



W,T. Cookie .,. 


CPhiUJiw ^*i^> 

V . ■>. jr . oiuidencxi 




C.CThamjmm *-40 

F. B. Msynard .., 
A. Butler 


A. E. BM^ „. 
J. A. ChidbMt^r 

0.C«aiiiimk' ¥) 

Thb following noti**' ha- !>*> n issued in a Nsgri Semhihm Gotrrt^ 
meni Gaieite E^tr<u>rdinarff of tbe 19th Marrh, 1897:— Tbe Acting 
Beeident reeeired. at 10.30 a.m. this morning, the following telegram 
from His Excellency Sir Charles Mitchell : '* Secretary of 8tale tefcs 
grapbB * Regret newspajjer repc»rta Lister die»l, Suez, 24tb February.* *' 
Tbe Hon. Martin Lister, British Resident uf tbe Ne^ Sembilao* left 
Sefemban ou the 7th February for Europe, on leave of abaoioe. He 
waa seHously 111 at the time, but telegraphic ad rice that he waa aUgbtly 
better at Colombu cheered his friends. It is with feelings of extreme 
ifgict that tlie Acting Resident now conyejs tliis distressing intimation 
of Mr. Lister' ft death to His Highness the Yam Tuan and the Cbiefs 
of the Ntigri Sembilan« to all public officers and tn tbe general public; 
bj all of wbom the late British Resident waa equallj roipected and 

The record of tsorvice of the late Hon. Martin Lifter Is as fcUowar — 
Secretary to the Eeitident of Perak, lat Sfpt.. 18Hi; Magistral^, 
KuaLi Selangor. Not., 1885; Magistrate, Ulti 8ekn«rir, Dec,. 188S; 



Collector an<l Ma^strat4?. Sri Menanti, 1st Jan., 1887 ; Supeniiten4ent. 
Negri SembQan. Oct. 1887; British E€?Bident, Negri Sembilan, from 
Dec., 18S9, to 3Ist Dec., 1894; British Eesideivt, Siin^^ei Ujong (ahio 
iu chftrji:e of Negri Seinl>ilan>, 1st Jaji, 1895; British Resident, Ne^ri 
Sembilan, 16th Aug., 1805, in accordance with Cojifedenitioii Treatj of 
the States of Suugei Ujong and Jelebu with the States of Negri 
Sembilan of that date. 



H.IL «JE Abi>ul Samat. K.C.MX5., 


H.E; SiE Charlbh B. H. BI itch Ell.. K.C.M.G., 

Governor of the Slrnil » Settlements. 

W. H* Tbbacuer, L'.M.G,, 

Britwh R«»iaent. 

Thk §t0Qe wu laid by E.K. the Qovi-i-nur iui tUe ttth ilay o\ October. 18M. 
, C. NoRMAif. Architect, __ C.E. Kpooksb. HtaU Snginettt, 

^HEN, owin^' to inadequate apace zmd other iuconveniences, it 
was decided to build new Governnicut OfficeSj fi?w of us 
imagined that the result wmdd be the Hue j>ilt' of huild»n«j;8 

wliieh are to be formally oj>eucd f**r the public service next 

month ; and although we all smiled in a kind of knowing way when. 
at the ceremony of laying the foundation-stutie by H.E. the Governor, 
on 6th October, 1804, the Resident, Mr. Treacher, referred in liis 
speech to the '* little offices'* that were about t*i lii^ erected and we had, 
iu additioOp the opportunity of gazing ou a finally executed sketch of 
the proposed elevation — yet, it was not generally ex[»ected that the 
actual realisation would result in the handBom*/ structure that now 
stands on the Qombak Road, where formerly stood, what had long 
been an eyesore, a row of untidy Chinese shop-houses. This m one 
of those occaaions where congratulations may I>e dealt out all round : 
Selangor may be congratulated on its capital being adorned with 
public offices worthy of the position it holds as the seat of Federal 
Government ; the Govcrnmeut, on having a State Engineer possessed 
of an untiring, plucky and obstinate energy of character to carry out 
the work ; Mr. Spooner, on having joined the service at the opportune 
time when it became possible to undertake works of the magnitude of 
these offices, not to mention tlie Waterworks, Pudoh Gaol, and the 
P.W.D. Factory ; on having in his ottice architects able to work out and 
make details under his dirt^ctirm for a design of a character quite new 
in this country in the effective manner in which this has lx*eu done by 
Messrs, Norman and Bidwell ; and alsi*, and most specially, \m having 
had the services of such a thorough and qualified workuiau as 
Mr* T. Groves to be in practical charge of the work. It is nut out of 
place here to p»oint out that while Mr, Groves has been looking after 
the building of the new utHces, he has alsrt V>eeu doing hiit utmost to 
make good his Chief's contention tliat the Factory could be made 



a payiugr ^^^ successful department of the State— a statement thai 

has every appearance of bein^' siK-cesBfuHv substantiated. 

The opening fimctiou will take on Saturday, tlie 3rd proximo; a ball 
wll l>e ^iven in honour of the occasion, and during the evening the 
Eefiiilent-Geneni! will forinally declare the new oHices oj>enfor the public 
senice. Tbe ** P. WD. Dinner" will take place on the previous eveiiing* 
The huildinLT occupies a ^Tonud arc^a of 45,300 square feet and is 
built in tbe shajx^ of the letter F. The front facade, facinj? the Parade 
Ground, is "^O i'eet in len^'th, the frontage in Clai'ke Street being 168 
feet, and that skirted l\v Holland Koad 13*> feet. It is two storied, 
access to the first floor Ixmu^ trained Ijv no less than seven etaircaaes* 
both floors being protected all round* with the exception of the Clarke 
Street enfl, l>y a colonnade lOA feet in width, fltx>red with c«ment 
concrete rendered, carried on brick arc-lies stipported bv st^^l girders. 
The porch in the rent re of the front facade is 5:^ feet long and 22 1 
feet wide and 18 feet hifjh, is verv massive and 'imposing and eou- 
sista of a series of Gothie arehes, the columns or piers sujiport-ing 
them being nearly 4 feet in thickness. The arches forming the roof 
are groined, I icing filled in on top with eement concrete, making a 
spaeious and agreeable promenade on the first floor. 

The most imjjosing feature of the whole building is of conrse the 
immense eloek tower, rising as it does from the centre of the building to 
a height of 130 tect above the ground line. We understand that very 
great eare had to lie exercised in the building of the fonndatlons owing 
to the numl>er of disused wells whieli were euiountered during tlie 
progress of the work, A cement rimtivte platform^ — 7 feet lie low ground 
level. 33 feet long, 2t» feet wide, und 2i feet thick — supports the whole 
structure. The four corner piers, built in picked pressed brieks in ce- 
ment* are very massive, being 7 feet 5 inelies wide by -5 feet 3 inehes thick. 
They are^ strengthened at the base by inverted arches in four riifgs built 
in cement niLa'tar, The plan of the tower where it rises above the 
roof of the main building is a square and measures 19 feet across, fiye 
floors being traversed Wfore the eh»ek chamber is reaehed. We must 
not omit to tijentiun the eloek, whieh we understand may be eipeet4*d 
to arrive during the eoursi* of the next three mouths. It may l>e 
JeseriK'd as a one-tondiell cloek striking the hours and half hours 
only, having a four-sided opal glass dial 8^ feet in diameter. It seems, 
to U8, a matter for regret that a elrtck to chime the quaiters was not 
obtained instead of a single-l^ell clock. A matter of J£L50 to X*2(H} 
extra would have suflieed to cover the extra cost, and we consider the 
money would have l>een well spent. But we must pass on. The 
tower is sui'mounted by a copper dome 18 feet in height covered with 
inunmerahle Ci>p[ier-covered fillet*. This dome is again sm*mounted 
by a cupola, 10 feet in diameter, covered in opper- The horseshoe 
gables with their heavy projecting cornices which die into tbe eopper 
dome and the tall minarets standing at the foiH' comers of the 
tower give it a distinctly fine tiuislh Looking at the tower 
aa a whole, we should say that the details appear to have l>een most 
carefully worked out, otherwise the l:>eautiful proportions which are 
evident at every point of view could never have been attained. From 



tho floor of the nipola a fine view of Kuala Lumpur and its siir* 
roumlings 18 obtamptl, a»tl as aco*ss to tins liigli eli'vation is ^tossible 
without any great physical exeHion, a visit tu tht^ gummit is the 
nn'er»e of ilisa«rreeable. At It^ast, we fouiul it so. 

On each side of the jvorch* and tV>rmiDL: a distiugfLiishing feature 
of the front fa4:a4e, are two circular towers. 19 feet in diameter, hav- 
ing stairways leading to the first floor They are helical in construc- 
tion and heiutf carried through the walls form a colonnade to the tirat 
floor. Above the tirst lioor the towers are carried on columns topped 
by arches, and aliove the second series of columns a room is formed 
surmounted by a copper- covered dome with coj>per fillets of a similar 
character to those used on the main tower. The dome is finished with 
a copj.*er finial of elaborate design 11 v feet in height. We observed 
that althoui^h these towers are circular on the outside the shape inside 
is octagonal, possibly due t-o certain struetunil considerations with 
which we do not ourself j profess to bf* acquainted. 

Leavin^^ the front and jiassing aloQg Clarke Street we were at onee 
struck with the pronounced change in the style of architecture, which, 
hut for the innumerable minarets studded here and there, the enrvcd 
gables and its Inn v red shuttered windows, might be described as Lon- 
don Street. The ]*Ieasing feature in this elevation consists in iti 
variety, to say nothing of a winding siaircase in brick, which is a 
marvel of construction. To our uneducated eye it seemed to consist 
of a mass of arches from end to end each rising one out of the other. 
The north elevation, that facing the end of Gomlmk Bridge, is also of 
a very varied cha meter the oriel window an the fii*st floor being 
decidedly pretty. 

The general style of an hitecture adopted has l^ieeu Araliesque 
judiciously mixed with Indian lietaib whieh has been maintained 
throughout, with the exceptirm of the portion meutiooed above. It is 
built in lirick throughout, the facades being composed of pressed 
bricks pointtnl with grey lime, the effect of which is most pleasing. 
Plastering has In^en disjveiiscK] with wherever admissihle, n departure 
in construction we hope to see more generaMv followed in the future. 
The light and tlelicate appearance of the columns carrying the colon- 
nade is due to the employment of east iron filled in with concrete^ the 
necessary strength being t]ius obiuined with a hirger rt*duction in the 
Rize of the column than if Itrick nr concrete alone had lieen used. 
The caps and bases oL' the c<4unins are of cement concrete sand 
moulded. The balustrades on the first floor are also of cast concrete, 
the delicacy of the work and the variety of the designs attracting 
special notice. 

Entering the building l)y the centre flight of granite? steps in the 
porch we are struck with the heavy and massive appearance of the 
horse-shoe arches on each side of uk. The main entrance arch, 15 
feet span, has a panelled iiud mouMed soflit and jambs, the plaster 
mouldings Ix-ing picked i>ut in eolourst. Tbcentrance hall is 2:^ *>" x 30^ 3" 
and contains the main staircase. The floor of the hall is marble laid 
in cement and the first four steps of the staircase are of granite para- 
bolic in plan. The staircase pr*iper. 7" ti ' wide, is made of merbau and 




screens into rooms for the Deputy State Engineer and Cbief 
Draftsman, tespeotively. The Survey Department occupy the north 
end of the buiWiug and have the folluwiDg acconiuiodation : Chief 
Surveyor (30|' x 20') clerka (21' x 44'). and dmwiuga office (50'x SOf), 
This completes the arcouimodation on the first floor. 

The height of all the rooms on this fltior is 17i feet from^floor 
to ceiling^ and all the wiilk are omaiiK'nted with heavy plaster 
moulded eoraiees 2i feet girth. 

On the ^rouud floor and to the right of the jiorch are the offices of 
the Audit Department, the act_'ommodation l>ein^^: Auditor (30'x24'), 
clerks (38i'x3U'), reeords (34'x2F), thi.H lattir room being fireproof. 
The Treasury adjoins the Audit Department : Treaaiirer^s Office 
(30'x23'), clerks (Sfi'xSO'), Assistant Treasurer (20'xl3i'). Stamp 
Office^ a Bemi-strong room (20' x lof ). The Post Office at the comers 
of Gomlmk Road and Clarke Street moasures SBVxSflf', telegraph 
operators (32' x 20f), clerks (23' x 26'), sorting room (29' x 25^), and 

Sostmaster (23'xl8^'). An open area 9 feet wide divides this 
epartment from the three rooms originally allottjed to the Sanitary 
Board, two of whieh eaeh tueasure 30' x 15', the remainiu^ one 30' x 20', 

Retnicing our Bteps to the centre of the huildiiig, to the left of 
the porth we fled the Land Office* the Collector's Office (34'x34J'). 
clerks (40'x30') and two stroug rooms (each 2i^'x20'), The Mines 
Department have the following ofliees : SuperinteDclent (30'x20'), 
clerks (30'x20'), (uerseers (♦^2'xl/'), wattiug room r28'xl20, 
L>bby (12'xr2'K iustrumeivts and Kpecimeus f30'xl2'). The Pubhe 
Works Depart Qient District Office is situated on the Holland Road 
side of the building: District Engiueer's Office (24' x 17'), Assistant 
Engineer (17'xl6i, Coutractors' Rooiu (16'xl7'), overseers and 
derke (38'x28;). drawing office (38|'x28'), A portion of these 
offices are covered with a flat roof whieh forms a spacious promenade 
on the first floor overlooking the river (68' x 2H', J 

The roouis on the ground fliH>r are all 18i feet high and are 
finished with heavy plaster cornices as on the first floor. The steel 
girders employed inrofuosof large npan are also encased with moidded 
coroices very haudf-ouie iu ai>pearatice. Haudsooie teak counters are 
Lfet up in the Pi>st Office and Treasury, the design and workmanship 
of which are excellent, the latter indeed being ecjnal to what we see at 
home. There are also souie highly polished movable screens of very 
tine designs which are to \m employed in siTceniug the large openings 
between the various offires. 

The intermil c<>louriug tl^roughout, excepting the splayed jambs of 
the doors and windows which are white, is a pale duck's-egg green. 
The verandahs are coloured white, whili' all the external plaster work 
is coloinred a tint which might be described as a biscuit, colour. The 
tints seem very judi<uousIy chosen, especially the external colouring, 
harmonising as it does so agreeably witli the natural colour of the 
bricks employed in the face work. Tho building has* taken two years 
and seven mouths to complete, the cutting for the fouudalions being 
undertaken on the 3rd September, 1894, the first brick lieing laid 
seven days later. The cost, exclusive of extras, has been :^152,000, and 


is doolytfeM the ebespest Imildjiig of ite kmd ever eoDitnicted in tW 
StniU SKtieneote. Th^ f olbwiog &rp some of Ibe mtaiali aid to 
hftTe U^n tiwd m it« ooD8b-iietio& : 400 Uikns of bfkkft^ 2LM0 fatftA 
of oenietii, 18,000 piknk of lime, 4^000 ctibic ^mrdB ol aud, ^mmOm. 
of oo|iper, 50 toiw of tieel and iroo^ nod about 30^000 cnfaie faei ef 


THE camal oh&erwet is father struck bj the abieiicie of Tuied 
fonmi of bird life in Kuak Lumpur, whereas his knowledge of 
insects reviews more Tarieties than he, possiblj, appivciates^ 
Among the former the ubiquitous sparn:*w comes to the fore. He 
is an en^Ttaining little fowl, with something indefinable homelike in 
the friendjir chirp that is one of our eu-liest morning noises : certatnlv, 
too* he is, to most of us, a reminiscence of our own land. Whr this sboofd 
be sOp considertng the distribution of sparrows* I cannot caj, but I 
haTe beazd a feUow^counttTWoman in Paris exclaim with positivv 
enthusiasm at the sight of what she termed '* i^Bal English sparrows,'* 
Let the British gardener juiathematise him ! The sparrow hi^ his own 
approved place in Britain^ as elsewhere, and his character, when 
pronounced a depredator, has been vindicated in the Time^ itself. 
Hi« least conspicuous 4|uality is tact: out here eyinced bran extra- 
ordinarj predDection for building in fulled up '* chicks " that, on being 
let down, precipitate uhowers of grass, feathers^ usruallv a couple of 
eggs or so, over the verandah. When the sparrows discover their 
erietion, a horrified dialogue, inevitably ensuing over the ruins, or the 
vacancT, wheie was once a hap»pv home, |:#o»itively harrows the destrover. 
Why, one wondera. were tho«e chicks not exitmined previous to their 
unrolling? Whv were no precautions taken ? It strikes one as almost 
amounting to cruelty to animals, instead of sheer indiscrL'titm on tlie 
part of the sparrows* And, if tliat busy little bml sets alxiut a new 
nest immediately, ten to one it ch<»osea the stime place. 

The Java sparrow is rare here, being a compatutively recent 
imp<»rtiition, but a few may be seen, keeping together with the bearing 
of aristocratic Quakers. 

Heavy-winged ctows are in any p>atch of lalang, " the voitv of the 
turtle is heard in the laud," and even that of the snipe — in the Gardens. 
The Straits roVan, black and white * murai/' is everywhere, singing 
*' of summer io fnU-throated ease," and the m«>st jewel-like of indes- 
cent honey-eaters swing, head downwards, from swaying branches set 
with scarlet hibiscus flowers. 

Even the unscientific passer-by, with no claims to an 'ology* could 
descrilje half a dozen other species, if he could not name them, but 
these are some of the most familiar. 

Setting aside the intrusive ant and too domesticated mosquit<», the 
mason wasp is an insidious and assiduous visitor of mine, tlmt slim< 
waisted plasterer of mud. slayer <»f caterpillars, prodigiously humming 
and for ever in search of a convenient repository for its victims. 



Upon a day two sindkr ctmts were kan^^iii^ over the ratLiBg of my 
verandah to air, after our aitleas Easteru maimer, when one uf theae 
wasj>8 came that way, and procet^ded to manufat^ture it^s little clay 
atnphunir* undi»r the lee of the nearest ^^nrment, ^igainst the railitijif. 
It buzzed off. on completiuit^ the taj^k, and, incidentally, the shelterinjiy 
ojat was removed. Some nnjments after, the waiip returned, carrj^ini; 
u writhing eat-erpiUar with whiL'h it flew straight to the other and 
remaining coat. Of covirtse there w^as nothing tliere^ but that obtnse 
insert continned to examine and craWl uver everv^ piece of the wood 
work liehind the wruug euat, never discovering that it was the wrtmg 
one, for some twenty mijiute8» before flying aw^ay in despair without 
noticing the model of a chatty it had taken tiiich paina to prepare, 
or relinquishing the unfortunate caterpillar. 

The mason wasjm' formidable i"elative, the ** krawei/* drops in 
occasionally. I rememl>er seeing an ingenuous young lizard attempt 
one for supper* and expect the experiment was not re|>eated. 

If lizards find refngeH in the lot^al prisons, their antics must lie far 
more instructive and amusing to watch than those of the mice that 
enlivened the solitude of various hist<)ncal captives, and theMjiider from 
which Robert the Bruce drew^ such hopeful deductifUiB. 

One of the genuH invarial>ly stai-t.s out from some hiding-pltice and 
runs under a certain lamp when, jmnctually (^yt^yy evening, it is placed 
un my table. To Uft the himp is to drive the lizard off at once, but 
get it in the original 8pot, and iinmediately the creatui-e is hiwk again. 

We have ail seen a minute lizard engaged in endeavouring to 
swallow 8ome monstrous pi'c*y, such as a, c comparatively, Gargantuan 
moth, a i-athcr ghastly illustratiou, perliaps, of the siu^vival of the 
fittest, and many charactcii sties of this memlier of the household reward 
observation, ui>talj]y the apparently unfailing contentment with which 
he takes a nnjiiotonous existence against a btickground of whitewash, 
tliat, pointing a moiul, may serve to end, if not adcmi^ this tale. 


THE 'MroijV>le in Kusda Lumpur" — that is, the closing of all the 
shops in the towni from midday of Thursday, the 4th inst., imtil 
the early mi»rning of Simday, tlic Tth* with intennitteiit attemps 
at rioting during that period^ is ni»w a matter of history and 
newfi|>aper comment and need not be rcterred to at any length. The 
worat trouble, by-th<:'-way, was at Sungci Bcsi, wlierc some score 
of shops were looted and a rioter was shot dead by the police. 
The alleged cause of the disturltance w^as a prosecutit^u instituted 
by the Sanitary Board against certain traders w^ith regard to 
the verification of the small dathing that is used for weigh- 
ing gold, silver, drugs, etc. Into The grounds for this the<:>ry and 
tiie merits of this disj>ute we do not feel competent to enter, 
we will only remark on the immense iurtuenee which this suiaU 
body of trade rts seemed to exercise over all the business of the 



down eome Sikhs and bimself went nmiid and harangued the crowd, 
which, however, had alreii4y quiet+^d duwn and ahortlv dispersed. 
Nothing further occurrt^l on Friday night, the presence of the Sikhs 
tending to keep everytliini,' quiet, 

Saturday morning was also quiet* shops all closed no vehicles plying, 
S*x»n after midday, liovvevt-r, the crowd again became turljulent. and 
in the early afterno<jn tin* Sikhs were again called down, the two 
mounted orderlies of tfie R.-G. making a very brave and efFective 
show. As on the previous day, a small dose of Sikh mixture proved 
most efficacious in allaying the rowdy symptoms, 

Sunday morning siiw the streets with Sikhs stationed at short 
distances apart, all the shops openeO, and the "trouble/* so far as 
the general community was concerned, at an end. We trust that, so 
far as the lingleaders are affected, the trouV>le is not all over. 

The self -intli< -ted loss of the Chinese traders entailed by closing their 
shops for two days and a half must have Ijeen very heavy, and we can 
well imagine that the great majority had had quite enough t>f that 
caper long liefore 24 hours liad gone round But it is one thing to 
call up a fine riotous spirit, aud quite another to lay it, and the worst 
of it is that mobs are so fickle: coolies who are forbidden to work are 
not at all particular an to whose premises they break open, and will 
just as soon h>r>t tlie shop of the ** ]>jitriot»" if we may use the term, 
a«t that of the *" rat/* lu our humble opinion if, when the goldsmith's 
shop had l>een looted on Thurailay and it was plainly seen by the 
entire closing of 3*hoii8 and stoppage of vehicles that the movement 
was an organised one, if then the same show of Sikhs had been made 
and kept posted round the town, during that night and the following 
morning, we think that early on Friday a large number of shops would 
have opened and that by midday the general business of the town 
would have been in full swing, and further that Sun gei Besi would not 
have ventured to have followed the lead of Kuala Lumpur. 

The fol lowing is a translation of a proclamation in Chinese issued 

on Sunday, the 7th inst, :^ 

A Proclaniation lasutKl to the Chinese of Sf^itngoi* by the Secretary for Chinese 
AfTairs under inatruetiona from the British Eesident, Sclanpfor, in the 
matter of Chineao weights iknd mt^asures and the recent '* public Btrike " 
(literally "pa shi/' ji technical term ff>r closing up of a town to business) 
and disturlmncos in KuaU Lumpui\ Sungei Bcai, Choras and other places. 

It is well kn<»wn to all ChincHo that you have lived in Selangor for now 
Qpwardfi of twenty years in pt^aet* and contentment and that from the c^arlieat 
days when the State wais beinpf opened up till to*day H.H. the Sultan of 
Sel&ngor, with the advice of the British Rei!;if!ent, has left nothing undone to 
promote your material ioti^reats and eafegiiard your proap*3rity and lives ; it is 
within the knowled^ife of all that in this State equal juatiee is meted out to all of 
you without distinction nf nice ur class and that the poor are protected from 
oppre^flion and the wealthy allowed to enjoy the fortunes they have made in 

Hitherto in all matters of trade the Government haa done eveythingf it can 
to ^ve you facilities for inereasiDR your prosperity and extending your buainess 
in all dirtH^tiona. 

Thifl is patent to all men and known in the strtets. Even in distant China 
tbo ChineBQ adniire aud praise the good Goveimment of this State. 



■ ■■■■■■■ 11 ■ §■»» » »» 

LOCAL >F\>lfr 




Of the grif&ns trained locally Mahvegum aeems to attract the most 
att-ention and she eertamly has taken very kindly to her work, going 
well up to her bit and moTinj? along like a racehorse; whether it is 
a good thing U* work a voung horae, newly arrived, with 12 stone on 
her bo<:^k, her trainer sLould know best, but I must say myself I 
much prefer to see a light weighty aB long as he is a good rider, up 
in training. Kong Kee and Mahal maJi work in company and the big 
roan strides along as if he liked it ; his best friend cannot accuse him 
of being a handsome horse, but *' handsome is as handsome does/* 
and judging from the way he moves in his half- speed gallops he should 
render a gfXKi af^sxmt of himself. Mahahnah I do not care about, 
though his owner, judging by some secret sign known only to the 
initiat-ed, says that he can^t help galloping. My opinion of him is that 
he is a bad -hearted one and will turn it up when it comes to the pineh. 
Richmrrnd LaM does not impress me very much, she has not got that 
"long, low, stealing action** which one reads about in books and 
which one usually associates with a ract^horse. Garmeti, the Resident- 
Generara chestnut, is being wel! fraitied by Phillips and is doing him 
ft lot of credit, and I quite expert to see her fancied a bit Iw^fore the 
numbers go up. Messrs. Foster and Lutyens* mare, although she is 
ftlightly on the small side, is one of the nicest movers of the lot ; she, 
however, is more backward than the majority of them, and it remains 
to be seen whether her trainer mn get her cherry ripe by the 15th of 
next month : tit and well at the post, I fancy she should take a lot of 
lieating. I take off my hat to the owners of Bomhagte» and congratulate 
them on their 'culeuess ; without going to the expense of engaging a 
trainer they still manage t^> reap most of the l>enefit8 accruing thereto 
by working their horse in eum|jany with Carmen ; Ijeing both hberal- 
ndnded men, however, the trainer in f|iieation will probably not lose 
anything by this, should BfrmbuBim happen to win. Communiit has 
corn** on wonderfully during the last week or so, but I am not a suffi- 
eiently good judge of the points of a horse (and he haw plenty of these) 
to say much about him. Mr, Walsh's chestnut, at present unnamed» 
is still in work, and 1 must confess to a sneaking fancy for him. The 
one thing against him is his youth (he is, 1 should say, the youngest 
of the lot). If it was a weight-for-age race I should ex|>ect to see him 
run very forward. Demiatkyn has had another misfortune, but as it is 
the third it will prt»balrly 1m? the last ; he is now, having got over his 
capjied hocks and Imnit face, suifering from a swollen fet joint, the 
result probably of a knock in the stable. I don*t think it is anything 
serious and a few days' rest will probably put him all right again ; 
it will be wiser to sacrifice a little cc»ndition than run the risk of break- 
ing him down alto^'ether. The Ladtf Slavey and Mr. Mitcheirs bay 
gelding (wTongly named Stockman^ nmch to the disgust of his owner, 
who probably has some much higher-sounding name for him) are 
liemg put through their preparation in Singapore and from what lean 
hear are l*u>king and going well. Mr. Yap Hon Chin's brown geld- 
ing is going through a very intermittent course of training, and I 
am sorry for the gentleman I heard take 10 to 1 about him a short 
time ago, 



The following are to-daj'g quotations on the griffin ra/ce, though I 
OBAnot giuuantee tiiat the same mlds will be procurable when thaad 
notes apj>eajr in print : 

5 to 1 MahTegiini, Ladj Slavey and Mr. Mitcheira b. g, 

6 M 1 B<»mba8t'e8 and Kong Kee 

7 ,, I Richmond La«s 
10 ..1 Mahatmah, Communist and Mr. Walsh's ch. 
12 „ 1 Messrs, Foster and Lutyens* b. m. 
15 tt 1 Desolation 
20 « 1 The Eeji^^<'ted 

50 „ 1 Mr. Yap Hun Chin's br. g, < 

Save the griffins, there are very few horses at work on the courst* 
at present, A grey j^elding, named SfiouHlriff, whose mission will 
probably Ix^ the selling race, has been purchased by Mr. Valentine; he 
is a compact, i>reedy lookiuf? little horse and the only time I saw him 
extendt*d he seemeil to move well. Jermy, who had a fair selUug plate 
reputation in Australia, is being indulged in long slow work ; he looks 
fearfully tied up in the shoulders and as a rule walks away from ihts 
course very Lime, but seems noue the worse the next day. His truiuer 
will, I think, V»e lueky if he manages to squeeze one rat^-e out of him. 
Maharani is doing good work and lo<:»ks fresh and well, she should take 
some beating in the last yearns griffins* race. Snowdrop is being p>re(iared 
for the 14-haiirls puny race, but I am afraid she will find the class a 
bit to<i giMjd fr»r ber, PearL a 13.2 pony, the pro|>erty of Mr. Hari^ter, 
is one of the nicest Icwikinguf her class that I have set*n for some time j 
l»eing half sister to Cabin Botf she should tie able to gallop above a brt. 
She will probably have a run this meeting just to show her what the 
colours are like, but being hardly three years old I do not expect her 
to be able to compete with the cracks just yet— in fact, she will be a 
pearl of great price if she manage to get anvwhere near them. 1 am 
not much impressed with the tliree Sungei Ujont^^ griffins we have hen* 
The KAl, has a nice puny in his, but I don't think he is a gaUo|>er ; 
Mr. Chichester'n might turn out well, but she is young and green and 
wants teaching to gallop, which ie just what her owner seems uualde 
to do. Mr. Stouur's black mare has dnL»pi»ed naturally into her place 
tL6 a trap|jer. she always did strike me as looking very lonely with<ml 
the cart. 

Everything points to a bumper meeting, and from private a«l vices 
I hear that we may ex|)e€t at least forty horses and (K^nies from 
Singapijre, Penang, Perak and Sungei Ujong, so I shall lie very much 
surprised if we don't have some real good sport. 

The revised programme is now published, and although I think 
that, as a rule, is is a pity to change a programme when one*? it haii 
l>t»en made public, in this instance I consider that the cominitliH? has 
taken a wise step and thai the meeting will be much improved by the 
changes made. 

On the point of closing the&e notes I hear that Mr. Mitchell has 
nameii his b. g. RinammHi ; this leaves Messrs, Foster and Lutveus\ 
Yap Hon Chinas and Walsh's only unchristened. 

The Man in thk LALAxa, 


No. 15.— Vol. V.—2nd ApriL 1S9T. 


TV ^ RS. RODOER will \>e "At. Home '' al the Residency thiK after- 
/y I noon (Friday) to bid lier many triendn *' An revoir'* before 
J leaviug for Europt? on Sunday, Th»^ RA^sideiit* who goes to Japan 
^ for three months, will travel with Mr.s. and Mis8 Bt^dger as far as 

Singapoiv. On Sunday morning', at 8.110 a.m., a photogi'aph will be 
taken of the Resident and CTOvernment officials, grouped outside the 
New Government Offices. 

Mb. Jackson and Mrs. Jackfi<in returned tliis momin^^ from 
Serembiin by the Malarca, Messrs. Bid field and Berrington and 
Lieutenaot-Colonel Walker arrived to«day from Perak by the Ooveiii- 
meot yacht. The former take?* eliarge as Aetin^^ Resident on Mr. 
Rodger's departure on Sumlay. 

Mr. E. M, Alexander, of the Straits TnuUng Company, left 
Kuala Liunpur for Europe on Thursday, having on the previous 
evening Ijeen entertained at dinner l>y Towkay Loke Yew and Mr. 
Tambusamy Pillai, who had invited the leading members of the 
mercantile community to meet him. 

Mb. Gr. H. Hone, of tlie Malay States Tin Mining Company, left 
for Europe on Tuesthiy last. Mr. George Cumming will act for him 
during his absence. 

Messrs. E. W. Birch, F. St. G. Caiilfield, A. R. Yenning, T. H. 
Kei*«haw and R, R. Rozells have Im^n appointed Diii^^t^irs of the 
Widows and Orphans Fund for the F.M,S., for the year 1897. 

We are enabled, through the kimbiess of Mr. A, B. Hubback, t<L» 
issued a« a Supplement with this uumtier of the Jourfiid a perspective 
sketch of the New Government Offices. 

The proposed alterations to the Rules are now posted in the 
Selangor Cluh, they ai'e, briefly, that a Vice President l)e elected 
annually and tlxat in future the Committee be elected for twelve 
months instead of six. 

The Officei's of the Public Worlcs Department will give an "At 
Home '* at the new G(»venimtnit Offices to-morrow night, the 3rd inst. ; 
tliere will be dancing, and during the evening the Resident-General 
will declare the building open for the Public Sei'vice* The portions of 



the fiftices uaed for the uecasion will l»c lif^^hted by electiicitv ; the n>omis, 
w€^ hear, are \xm\\i^ tastefully det'uratc^i, and the verauthihs wIU W 
iUuminat4.'d with Chiiiewe lanienis. SumethiDg l>etween three imd four 
hundred iuvitiLtious have lieeu issued, and there iis every prospect of 
the fuuetkm proviui^f uiie uf the largest things of its kind tlLit we hint* 
jet had in Selan^or. 

Mk. Alexander Koch, proprietor <if the well-known firm of photo- 
graphers. MeKsi's. R. G. Lamljert and Co., Siuf^apote, is now staving 
at the Rt-Ht H«Ki8e. Kuahi Luiui»ur. He ie en*;aged in taking a series* 
uf viewrt of Gtiverninent huililiii^s, etc., and thos4:^ who wish in take 
lidvantnp: of his visit to liave tlieir pit'tui*e taken jshoiihl c<»miuunieaU5 
with him eithei* at the Rest Huusp or the Belaniffu* Club, Inteudin^'^ 
isittens .shouhl not delay as Mr. K*x'h is making l»ut a short stay hem. 

SeLANdOR Club Billiards Handieap ; 1st Round. — 



C. PhilUpi; . plus SO 
C. C. Thuiiipsun „ 40 
J. W. B. Ogle ,, 90 

:r, A. Cbiehe:ster ., 130 
H. TfVtraiihan aeniteh — 

Mi^uiiw/rs are reiuiudi><l that the seeoud round is t<i lie 
Ix'fure the 17th April 

C. Glover 

W. T. Cook 

E. C. Criek .. 

P. Huffuer 

E. J. Roe lujjiUB 






pla/ed < 

Although this issue of the Journal h dated the iSnd, its ptlbli 
tion ha« In^eu held uver till the following dky to enable as to give i 
account uf the P.W.D. Dinner. 


ADINNRK ti» n-lebrate the upenin^ of the New Government 
OlliefK and \n buiiour of tlie chief of the department was given in 
the new buildinjcou the night of the 2nd inst. ; a company of siity 
8at dt»wn 1 1 an excellent dinner provided by Mr, G. A. Ketsehker, 
t>f the Rest Hmilsc, and amun^'st tlnise outside the dej.Mirtnient present 
were Mr. Faxon, of Waterworks fame (now sin*veyiDg for the 
S.G.R.). Mr, O'Hara, who also assisted on the' Waterworks, 
and Mr. Bidwell. Directly after dinner Mr. Bellamy, as Chairman, 
projKJSel the health nf the Queen» and after this ttMsi had been duJv 
honoured he intri»;luced the event of the evening in the followilM^ 
speecli : 9^1 

** We have met this eveuinj?: to i^ecord our appreciation of tlie Heaa 
uf our Def^ailment, to celebrate the accumpbshment by Idin of ii 
jin^»at and i^ervieealde pid^lic wurk, and to ascrilje tt^ tliose to whom it i« 
due our departmentiil recoil it ion of their services and attention Ut 
duty. The lot of Imng your spokesman devolved on me by virtue of my 
position ; but, if such a pleasure wei-e not mine, I have no hesitation 
in sayinj^ that I should l;>e pronouncedly jealous of anyone to whom the 
task werv allot1e<l. 


** Amou^f the many mixed feelings ariuiug the Urst is tliat of great 
pleasure iu having to (."onvej the opinious and L»xprt*ssioii8 made to me 
by my hrot.her ^iffirers and coinradt^s and nlm to give expivssioD to my 
own opinions in apju'eciatiou of onr fellow workmen and i-^ur chief. 
Another feeiing that naturally ariaiey i>* that of pride in seeing daily 
nnrnd me evideueea nf that cultivation which f»41ow8 in the track of the 
great Britisih Empire, the elements of which T was »*ne of those to 
introduce in the early days of this Stat43*H proBperity over 14 years ago. 
No honest man with any feelings of i^eypect for himi+tdf ran lonk 
back over theyearis that have gone by with tV^elings titlier than tho^* of 
^ride, inasmuch as whoever he may Ik^ and whatever he may Ix^ and 
irhatever his task or istaticm, he must fivl that what(»ver tlie State' ti 
pr» tgresii he has had hit* shai*e. givat or simall, in hclfiiiig it forward. 
To wat^i'h a State develop, to he as^^ociate^i w^ith a St^ite'H development 
from primeval forest to pleasant gardens and stately homes ctin rai**e 
no more proper feeling tliau that of pride, 

*' Where Mr. Tandmsamy's house in tme dirti'ctiont where Pudu 
|£ailway Station in the other, where the Residency and wdiere the 
,»G/» present and future houae now^ ntand, when* the l>eautifiU 

ieiis and Lake now exist, was all virgin forest where man scarctj 
ever trod, and whose only inhabitants were the Ijeasts of the forest, 
Tlie transformation of a country whusu main roads were foot- tracks — - 
Rawang was a day's journey in one direction, Oheras the same in an- 
other — from what it then was 1o what it is nuw, with its wdl-carcil-for 
roads, nourished and enrielied as they are year l>y year by what has 
derisively called * Spooner's system' — derisitm l>eing in this 
ac« the child of envy— is a thing to be proud to l^i associated 
with. The only ivmd aj»|»roaching the name of a carl, road then was 
the Damansiira K^oimL I<mg siuce more or less ol>literated — the less s^iid 
iJKmt that rmid the l)etter, n<>ue of yow I liopc ever will experietiec the 
[irttire of travelling over such a road nor the t^.u'tui'e <>f op-kt^ping 
[)ne like it. But it ia due to those who made it originally, 
^imskilled as they were, to say that within tlie last few months apmeti- 
enhle trae« of a road has l>cen ubtaineil within two miles of Kuala 
Lumpur only with much difficulty, and that tiy a thoroughly skilled 
and experienced surveyor. 

'*The first attempt at metalling a roa^l was made within a few days 

of my arrival, and that has now vanished t«y the excavation for the Fin-t 

irraek Yard. When? the Railway Workshops now stand stood our 

Ifirst brickkiln, the progeny of which melted like su*>w l>eneath the 

sunamer s sun ; the piers in the morning after a night of niin being 

like cones or iee creams. 

** I have harked l>ack more than I had intended, l>ut my ol>ject is to 
wint out tcr you what the depariment has doue towards developing the 
resources of this eountiy — ^from almost pristine sterility to ripe 

*• Li the building in w- hieh we now ai*e — the cliniiix of our develop- 
ment — the resijurces of the State abound iu perfection. The !>rick8 and 
lime are develo[>ed from the soil, the timl>t^r from the forest and the 
roof gutters probuljly contain tin delve^l from the soil by the j>et»ple 



'for i& J 

I hsKve wM htti ovr ifaur zm iiiiiitinij ham to 
atbe ememe. bal Mi 
the ndtsfs «piiiL Tbov bive hmm 
r <if as Iai« felt Ump powar beyad Uie hanL 
ibr aiiiiil Mill ill Tji aaa? part if I weirtodfHr llaU I liad 
beea <ne ^ thorn-, Mt I « boaal to m^j tbe vesalt hw ^ooe sie gviod 
and I bope bat bm <if adtmata«e to bt cliii£ I <aai|wak. laiBd tob» 
of arkBt I kacw i# I laie tbe^ {atfO^ of beb^ bdbxai ibe smm^ 
aai I BIT tell joi*] tltt£« kiwpper faanh aad basd be last W ai umm^ { 
bis fattrk ■■ worm th^m bk bite, be «bIt amats baoviag. * He H black 
rem oaeauBiiIieaadbeaillataBd'a |ni tbe at!St.* Bizk ir«t and 
wba^efer he uiaMtoa to be bis dalj tbat wiQ be da. and in 
» be a brigbi ***'i'^ to aB tiw aMa. Hit flock abo it i 

! adatittad lajaelf bealea^ bat be alvurs cMoaa tsp amliB|_ 
la fiMse tiie laoae, aad aa a rale wias. Spcakiay lor mjadC* I bafo \ 
ofiaa f di tbaS vbea be goes for a laaa aical be Kbas tbat wbu bnt^ j 
aa tbe Ikatil p t wre tb aaTs, * A ntadter vitboat a%fi ia ao Bualer.* 

-"Kov I anut td joa'a little stofj of laj bqjbood. In iboae daja I 
I vaa aa admizer of tbe fair aex aad vms pawinaately in lof e witb a 
£uBief^a piettr daa^iter, aad as joutb will baire iT I tried to km 
ber. I did aoi aaooeed aad aaa eboked oif with *G'm*oat jroa baatek 
dzviL* Mjr feeiiags were bait, bat mj nam ooaaoiM me^ aa she 
and tbat was tbe w^t tbe littk niAid'abowed bar affiectioii in her 
await luatic fitaiplidt¥l So it is witb Mr. 9|ioooer when he calk jou 
all tbe affoctioaale aames in bia TocabidazT— 4»Baole jrourself , it b ooIt 
hia war cf aboariag bia affiwtiffm for joa.* It ia a coasobUaon to think 
ao; bat wfaalfaer H ia a fiacfc or aot*I nasi kare it to yourmstvm to 

"It ia wery difficah lo ifnak well of a atan ia hia pr^omee inthfiiil 
adaktiom and witboBCt atiating tbe pimiae which ts hi- ~ 
risk bia foigimeneaa aad ga tardier. Ue ma jofitj erf 
awmie of the feeling tbat euted again^ Mr. Spooiit ^^^^ 

ia tbia SUte, it can be no greater pWaanu^ to hua U.* ^ r he 

baa lived down that feelii^^ and that bia true natmv ba^ nifir oifiu* 
aiaaded respevt and in manT casee affection. 

*• When I ivtiimeil from leare in 1894 th^re were amny and nianY 
cruel things I heard said of him, and I BEU|tT-^^*^ r^T^r*^ wn^ n * vxtxwi in 
the Sttttp at that time who was ao t\»nliaDT i ha 

he^ I harr no hesitation in saving that no sii-. n i' - vi . ^. •' 

I trust it 18 OS great a plt^asure for him to bear n. ^ a» it is 

me io aiv it. At all times and at all Maionu n^ luia tie^er t 




elf in ii(.nn<<; his duty to Government, ant! he has eome out— let me 

, triumphant. 

* Then* is uue more trait in Mr. Sp(M>iier'6 ehiirjioter which fa an 
^jcample for ub a» Goveniment ofht-ers tmd P.W.D. men to emiilatc», 
ad that is his systematic foresiu;ht. Ami that ivminds nie of auotlier 
ttle story as t*>M me l»y a huge j^rtmt Devonshire fireman. The town 
whose Fire Briga<le he U^loiigeJ to is divided fi'om a larger town by one 
long sti-eet: the water main wuk on his town's side of this street and a 
fire broke out *ni the oi^posit^.^ side and tliis is what happened. * Down 
eum they there boiiliies, you ean't call 'em Firemen. Hup and down 
the street they went looking for 'ydrant» us was there waiting and us 
couhln't get to work l)ecause they 'ad n't axed us. Hup eome the 
Chief Constable and 'e says to me, says \% Sergospt Croeker will yew 
indly get to work r Right yew be» sir, says I ; and us ehaps wus t^» 
[>rk *fore you could say knife. 'What do you mean' I said, 
•liowdid you find tlie hydrant f ' ' Why, sir,' he said. "1 was standiu' 
on the 'ydrant/ That's the sort of base to work from as executive 
nfeen: get everything ready, stand cui the hydrant, and when you get 
tbo order b:» go you ean go with a will and ' get to work 'fore von can 

** It is now my pleasing duty to name to you those officers other than 
Mr. Sp'Miner to whom cre<lit is ilue for ('<«isiunmatiug the erection of 
this beautiful luiilding, which will stand I hope for many many years, 
until. let us nay, Lord Macaulay's New Zealauder standing on London 
Bridge gazing at the niins of Lijndon .^Jiall exelaiju, with a sigli. 'Ah, 
if these places had only lx»on built as soujidly as those beautiful oflit-es 
I saw in Fe<lenisia as I passed thi'ough on the Indo- Australian 

** First, after Mr. Spooner, comes Mr. Groves, whose practical know- 
ledge, skill and ingenuity have so much assisted to formidate Mr. 
Sp<:w>ner*a, ideas, and which I know he will be first to i*ecognise and 

** Next I must mention Messrs. Norman and Bidw^ell, the latt-er of 
whom we all have muclx pleasure in seeing amoug us again, fresh fnmi 
the laurels he is heaping <m his brow in another sphere of work. 

'* Letchman, also, I must speak of, whose practical kuov^letige Wits of 
great assistmce to me when in executive charge of the Gaol; audi 
must not forget Tluimas Pillay, of whom Mr. Groves speaks well and 
who wiD not Ix* forgotten ftjr his steadiness and care with the account*, 
I had almost forgotten *' Trilby," I beg pardon, Mr. A. B. Hubback* 
If I had done so I should have been most unjust, as although com- 
paratively speaking a newcomer, his pen has designed some of the most 
beautiful oniameuts in tin ^ building — the* massive staircase and central 
hall ceiling, and other fittings, the Count i! Chamber dado, the screens — 
all elegant in design and pjerfect in execution. 

*' To the department, as a whole, 1 would like to conclude with a few 
words: beaj* always in mind that every man is a cog in a wheel, a unit 
of a force, each has Ids duty to perfonn, eaih Ids course to pursue, 
cci-operating with his fellows, assisting his juniors with advice and 
admonitiou. beaiing himself with self *respect to command respect from 


tlie cm aad anutr joii hkTe vafdofOBe; tlw A ap lM i ni^ta mad 
VBUT koim joQ hA¥t& spcBt* dnra^ the ngqg mw of ttii wock, baj be 
fot yj t ien nov mad HaX all jon Wv» nadaqpocie jb«t te oMilgnitad — 
pn lnjijMMl — bj tke good feiiiig nov ihiiiwn jon br jcnit ofieen and 
«Ad tlie A ■wumiiMii of p i eMiumi oa ^km fmiem jraa aee aroiOMi jroa, iumI 
a« a taBgjJife q p gg ttio n of omr fieriu^ wie ask jim to accept tW 
ad Jiua wliidi I wiQ mm voad to joa : 

'^'Tb C. K. gpnifr, bf^ Bai^elor of 'Ba^tmanm^ liiMitirr of 1 
IiirtilTiiaoo of Ciwii R^iMer^ State Kw glt j i, Saaigor : 

-- ^Oto tie ooscioo €f Ife oNweKfal eosplrtiM of tlie Kffv 6om^ 
sent OAmi* Kiak LiBfar. tke Ofioen of Ae FnlAr Works Defmrt- 
vmt aervijig Ule GoieiuMBt «€ 8ehm|gnr imder jonr Adsmiftratiaa | 
drsifr TtvQ li> acci^ tlietr oisgiatalatMaa i«i tbe accfwaptisl&iiKBt tif i 
n\»rk whkii lias rest TfMt «> suieli t^iii%hu car? aad mmsM 

-*The^ aitiitir denga«f 1^ bioMBgattoitavvardkillafiaB . 
l«ct; tkesiMiBdfsieatioii ofHiewwkilinmgfcmH|Biwii?cpqriaoi 
a«i Mpemban as a BttUn-. As a ^nk, tfe atrartetv will 
f««r Baae do«n to pualwil f aa a kigli <rM|Je cf a gnsl ^ 
% wi«» firifaireis ^ tifee gMt aoQiTea of iMvoriB Hatit^ 

^'^Asa iq a tMy of tlie tfecaomi. aad aaa tobeavif o«ri«apeelaad 
inrmfaibv, we aak ^VQ ta aoorat the avrioe of nlrte wMA btan ^ 
of tlK Bnftdmg of vkadk joq aii» JQim F'o**'. aiNl we atk 



mature. Thom^li pt*rluipH tlifferiiiji^ in opinicuis iind sepamt^Hl hy 
clistAnce mid t»ther fiiUH<*a, we are united tliis i^venins!' in tnir desire to 
do liunour to Mr. SptK>nur rind to ciffpr him uur hearty i!oiij:fi*atulatiou8 
pn the ^*<it fiuceess that he has achieved in the eompletion of tlie 
buildiug in which we are assendded, I will not allude to the other 

;e works which Mr. Spooner has carried mit as thejr are well known 
to vou all, except to point out that they have an indirect bearing npon 
the sueoess of this hnilding — for if Mr. Spooner had not brought more 
Bldlled labour into the country and if he hiwl not under difficulties and 
sfune opposition instituted the Factory, the briekwork, philter, fittiiiga 
and general finish of the builrbu^ would not have been what it is. 

** Its sueoess has been greatly due to Sir. Spooner*a personal energy, 
as lie has during tin* six year8 that he lias l>een am^gst ub kejit up a 
tremendous high pressure aud it was only on one occasion that he 
wax compelled to take a short holiday, and he came back like a giant 
refreshed and continued the hifjh pressure. His energy is to be envied 
iind admired. Ht* has. moreover, taken a firm stand* as he is in more 
>T8 than one a * fighting man/ I eaxinot help thiukiug ibit it 
& a measure our own fault if an Engineer does not meet with the 
same deference as a lawyer or a doctor. 

"An engineer isiiotufteu acouHier, and I do not think should have 
to tout for financial advauceineut. As it is at present, with the constant 
change of 1^'sidents there is an eleuaent of uncertainty about it, and a 
g«K)d deal of luek ; and I think the time has eome when we should i>e 
put on the same basis as the P.W.i). of the Colony, aud that each man 
shoidd know what it is poasilile for him to attiun ou a scheme f)f finan- 
cial promotion so that he can df^'ide whether it in wtirth liis while to 
continue in this State or not, and I Itelieve tliat Mr. Sp«K>uer, if he 
should lie made the Federated Head of the P.W.D,, would (-arry *n\t 
irueb a scheme in the same way as Major McOallum has di>ne b»r the 
Colon V. 

"Mr. Spooner may well be proud of the P.W.D., anrl we may be 
proud to belong to it, for I maintain that the P.W.I>. has opened np 
the country; that it has emibied the miuer tv* IrausfK^rt his tin; that 
it Ims brought alxmt the nei^essity for rtiilways ; the ne^'cssity for 
more Euro[>ean officers, from a *J.O.' to a *J.K.*; and that it has 
played no small part in increasing the revenue of a few thousands t4> 
over three milhons of dollars. 

"Gentlemen, the P.W.D. is strengthening our Colonies in the East 
as well as in the West, and it Ix^hoves us all to remeralK*r this, esp»ecially 
when the old country is assailed on every side l>y threats of war, and 
in so doing we are upholding the prestige and honour nf (nir ci>nntr\\** 

Mr, Spooner, whose rising was the signal for loud cheers, replied : 

'* Brother officers and members of th*^ Pulihc Works Department, 
^ Ing listeneti to the speech of my Deputy and that of Mr. Norman 
and their pDwers of oratory, I feel that it is impossihlc for me to 
«« til you on this occasion my feelings in any way that wotdd 
^oquence that he evidently is master of. Even if I knew 
tcing words together in answer to the dictates of 
•cutting bricks and mortar together, I might feel 



more oqtial to expressin^f Jiow deeply grateful 1 am for the honour yom 
Imve di^ne Die and the pleasure you have afiorded me. 

*' It is now getting on for six years since I first, look up my dtitieg 
as Head of yonr department, ^rith instmctions to oi^anise it. I foiuid 
my task an easier one than I antieipsited, dne to the action of Mr. 
Bellamy, who for two years previous to my arrival ha^l more or lets 
prepared the way for nie and sown tlie st»ed of an orffanisation of which 
I was to gather the fruit. I set about my task with plei^tire as I 
recognised that I had good and true men to assist me. Of course, 
trouble now and tlien appeared, as is the caae in all things, but it was 
soon disperse<l ; and by degrees I was able to introduce the reforms 
which I considered nt*ee88ary, and which you, gentlemen, have to-night 
shown to me in the kindest possible way were appreciated, and that my 
efforts have not been in vain. 

" I came here at a most opportune time, when not only had our 
department to be put on a proper footing, but the Government wa* 
clamouring for the department to sfK'ud large suras of money on works 
of no small magnitude, as well as un innumerable minor works, tlioiigh 
all tending towards the develupment uf the coimtry. This was my 
oportunity, I caught the tide at the projier moment and was carried 
with the flow. Credit is not due to me for this : it was my luck in 
being appoint**d to S^dangi^r at the right time. All I did wa« whal 
anyone else, similarly pW-ed. would have done with your asBistanoe. 
Perhaps they might not have Htarted the Factory ; that, certainly, is my 
special idea. It has Iteen brought to a suecessful issue by my hench- 
man, Mr. Groves, and I thank him now for liis assistance in proWnj? 
that what I l>elieved to be the right thing to do, was the right thing, 
let tbe cynic and critic say what they will to the contiur}\ 

*' Perhaps the history of the building you are now in is not known 
to all of you. In 1893 a new Post Office was applied for and several 
Heads of departments represented that they wanted more office-room, 
espevially fireproof- rooms for the safe keeping of deeds, etc. The 
public complainel of having to run up and down the hill between the 
Treasury and the Bank. I then suggested offices on the plain, a Poet 
Office on the Dboby's Green at a cost uf $32,000, and a Government 
Offices to cost $194,800, a Imilding sumething like the Colonial Office, 
with a quadrangle in the middle. On showing them to H.E. Sir C. Smith 
he would not have them at my price, but allttwf^l .S2*j.000 foi a Post 
Office and ?^60,0t>0 for Government Offices. Then the post and otlier ] 
offices were to be in t^ne building, and I was told to get out plans for a 
building to cost alM^ut $80,000. that being the originiU cost of Gf>vej^- 
ment House, Singapore. The §gure was not limited, but it woidd lie ] 
useless to send in a design Umt was not strictly moderate in price. 

" Mr. Norman then drew out a grt^und plan and Mr. Bidwell an 
elevation in Classic Renaissance of a building. Though I did not like 
the design, I a*lopted the arrangement of the offices and the general 
lines. I then dec^ided on the Mahometan style, and in due course sent 
it in with an estimate for S^152,tMX». I stood behind the chair of the 
Acting GoTemor (Mr. Maxwell) when he was examining the trial 
estimates, and I leave it to you to imagine my feelings wben he did 



not put hie pen through tho S7<5»OOf} down as the first part of a vote 
for « 152,000. 

*• Mr. Bidwell thun set about the detiiils and waa most happy in 
reDdering my idt?as on jia|x^r and nddinjLC his own, and in ^^enerally 
carrying out the detail drawings in Mr. Norman's office and under hig 
critical eye. The constmetion was entnisted to Mr. Groves, and tha 
work show^s what he can do, and had it not L>een for hia assiduous 
attention to details and hard work the building woidtl never have 
been finished for the estimate." 

•' During construction, many alterutitins and additions were made. 
Mr. A. B. Hubliaek rendered me vaUiable assistance in tliese, as well 
as with the designing of the fixtures. 

** Tlie work was all done on piece nnHer Mr. Letchman's standing 
supervision, and many of you here know v. hat tliat means— it is the 
carefid setting out of e\QT\ minor detail to the 8th of an incli, Mr. 
Let.chman and I are ohl f riends^ having womed together in Ceylon over 
many a building before we started this one in Selangur, and he brought 
his Imlian and Ceylon ex]>erience t^) l>ear on Chinese lalxmr. 

** The (gprit ch^ corjw which exists in the department is to me a 
source of satisfaction. It is difficult to maintain in the ch:^rifml branch 
owing to the pntmotions from one department to another; still it d<>e.s 
exist. I wish I could see promotion in the department mon* rapid ; 
but I lieheve it will come in time, I li;ive hud uuder consideration 
a scheme by which tlio ilifferent appointments woidd k* divided 
under different heaiJs and gnided. An officer wouhl then know 
pnvisely how he .stood, and what he uiight exi>ect. I ctJUsider 
that the la(*k of promotion in some crises has certainly given cause 
for regret, and I will do my utmost to impress on the Govern- 
ment cases desening of promotion, and also to place this important 
rpiestion on a letter fcM)ting than that on which it at j*resent stands. 

** The advice that Mr. Bellamy has given you I have no d^mbt that 
you will foUow. Mine is : olx^y your superior officers, stick together, 
take a pride in your work, and strive to make your department one 
that you are proud tu belong to. 

•'To overseers in rharge of roads I would tender this advice: study 
the maintenance regulations ; never say " Yes " to a superior until you 
thoroughly understaml wlut he wants you to do ; endeavour to carry 
out the wishes of y«iur sufw^rior ; take a pride in the condition of the 
roail entrusted t^* your can^ ; and treat your labtiur fairly. 

** Mr. Bellamy haa refen'ed to the system oi upkceping the roads. 
The proof of the pudding is in the eating; Im^k at them now. Were 
it not for the hiul material they would be excellent; but we cannc»t t<io 
lightly blame the material, for wen:* it not for the rotten strata of this 
country' we prol>ably would not lie here, as it is due to the constant 
disintegration of the stmla that the tin is set free, out of the proceeds 
of which we make and maintain onr roads. 

*'Our largest wt>rk ik the Pjihang Trniik Road, in executive charge 
of Messrs. Spearing and Clarke, 84 miles in length. Work was 
only started in February last year, from the gap at the 22nd mile poet. 
By the end of the year the formation was completed through to Kuala 



Lipis, excepting a mile or two. and a lot of other work done as welL I 
must also take this opportunitv of refemng: to the very excellent anrvey 
work done by the late Mr. McGowan in C43nnection with this road ; 
tlie pjrtion lie hud to survey was extremely ditiicult to du, but he did ' 
it splentlidly : I deeply regR^t liis ]om. I tliiuk the department has 
shown tti the Government that it cun carry out any work— road* street 
or hni!ding — it wants carried out and that it can be relied on not to 
waste any time over it. 

»' I tlm^nk you, gentlemen, for the piet^ of plate and the address { 
that vou have ^ven to me this eveiijni,% from the Ixttton of my heart. 
You liave dt>ne me a very great honour, and one tiiat I shall at all 
times cherish » as 1 hope my children will after me. My grandfather 
rec*^ived a piece of plate from the people of Birmingham for services 
rendered to their town ; my father was presented with a gold medal 
and tal>let by the Emper^ir of Russia for his services in connection 
with narniw-gau^'e railways ; and you, gentlemen, have [iresented the 
thinl gt^neiution with a pitH?e of plate as a token of your recognition of 
my services. 

** As I revere the plat^ of my fathers, so I am sure my children will 
the honour you have done to their father. I thank you for the 
opportunity you have given me at this dinner of i^xpressin*^ to you my 
feelings with regard to you and our department, and I more than 
tJiank you for your exprt»ssion of esteem, which I feel I am not deserv- 
ing of, but nevertheless prize. Gentlemen. I thiiuk you." 

Mr. Grieves briefly replied to the mention that had been marie of 
him luith by Mr. Bellamy and Mr. Sp«x>ner, and said how gratifying 
it was to hear his work ^jniken of so well ; he did not deny that both 
the building they were then in and the Factory had often caused him 
much care and aasiety, but when the result was the success which it 
had that night been prououncc^l to l»e he felt that the care and anxiety 
had not l^een thrown away* 

Mr. Bidwell also said a few words, and then Mr. Spearing proposed 
the health of the State Engin»^*r. This was dnuik witii enthusiasm, 
as was the health of Mr. B^'llaniy, which was prof»t>sed by Mr. SjMiouer. 
A few st>ngs fn^m aom^ oi A\e company then bmu^^'ht to a c^mclusion 
au evening that will long be rememlM?re(l in the department. 



EWS having been received that their late popular Governor* Sir 
W. H. Gregory, intended visiting Ceylon in 1B82, the good 
folk of the Kunmegala District decided on irt*tting up a kraal 


. tlie I 

: tilt ixUbdrw ■ 


ia his honour; and after the usual |>erni: 
been obtained, set about making preparation- 
knal. and putting up buildings for the accM 
Balarial ^^rty and other officials who intend 

The spot fixe<i np*>n was an old aband».*u<*^i v. ' 

b(iwalapitiya,*abinit 2^ miles from the town of Kui 
long uniiiiiabiied. thf pUoe hal gT»>wn into m densr fon^rt (wiiii 



ugre trees, many of i\i\m\ \w\\v^ over 50 atid 60 years old) and well 
adapted for the jjui^iost^s of a kmal. 

Barely a month had elapsed aftor the kraal was sanctioned by 
Government^ when the [>laee was converted from a *' howling 
wilderness " into a perfect township, remindintf one of the towns 
which so suddenly aprang^ into existence when the gold-fever was at 
its height in Australia — a barren lonely waste one day and a perfect 
fcanvas) city the next, teeming with thousands of human beings. 

The bungalow for the Oovemor (Sir Arthur Gordon), his sijite, 
and Sir William Gregory, an immense one, over 150 feet long, with 
gpacious dining, bed, dressing, and other rooms, was put up about 
250 yards from the kraal m the midst of a t>eautiful glade of gigantic 
forest trees, affording gniieful shade and ccuilnees from the fiery 
rays of a truly tropicrd muu. This buiidiii;^, which bad iulipot leaves 
for walls and cadjan thatch for rtjuhiig, was re])lete with. I may say, 
all the luxuries of e4ui[nnent for iht^ comfort of the distinguished 
_ party. In fact, to use the words of the late 8ir John Dicksun, then 
^^H| Government Agent at KamJy, and wbc» wa.s also a visitor, *' It is 
^^■just raai^nificent ! You Kurunegala fulk have tlie knack of doing 
^■things well;* 

^^f The bungalow of the Oovemmi^nt Agent of the Province (Mr. 
W Fbibp A. Templer), and the other oflficials wert^ erected at convenient 
^^ distances from the *' Mabgawa," as the Governor's bungalow was 
^H* called. 
^^ Post and telegraph iiffices were estabHshed, and a regular mail 
service organisef]. 

Enterprising in«3ividualR from the metropolis set up hotels^ 
restaurants, billiard-rooms, and other places of amusement and 
attra<'tion ; and althoutrh tlie prices t barged were ''fancy'* yet the 
ineWtuble '*]>eg" was in great demand, and many an '* Andrew tlshcr," 
**Burhauan/' and " Kt>yul Blend" was " gmssed*'* 

Tlie poi>ulation (from all i^artsof the isliind) mufet have munbered 
over 5.000, not forgcthiug an army of chetties, who did a roaring 
tnide in rel tie cloth, com hoys, gorges >us handkerchiefs, and last, though 
not least, in money-ihaugiug ; taking care to charge a good round 
commission on the last tiunsaction. 

A more miscellaneous gathering of mankind I had never before 
seen, and the makeshifts tor their shelter were unique. Huts of all 
shapes and sizes, from the i>ne square room 8 x B ft. of talipots, with 
roofs more likely to let in the j*ain than keep it out, to the more 
pretentious two* or three-njomed bimgalows of the wealtliier or mure 
influential visitors. 

Many had to content themselves with camping out under their 
bid lock carts, or under the canopy of heaven, for in a few days not 
even on<* of the small huts was availalile for love or money. Teaipo- 
rary stables just suffirient to house a horse could not f»e had under 
BsJO per iliem, and the prices of even the neeessaries of life were 

For water one had to send out half a nule from Kraal Town to the 
abnoBt dried-up bed of a river iwhieh at other times was frequently 



flooded and impassable), only toc^ ofteji to find the little pooU of 
w»ter emptied by an ** earlier bird/* Fortunately some j»ood Samari- 
tans organised a water brigade and ^upia was brought from a greater 
distance in casks, and strictly limited to drinking and cix>king]iurp008B 
only, so that the luxury of a Imth could not be dreamt of. 

The kraal (or corral) was a large stmkadc some hundreds of feet 
square, enclosing a patch of high jungle, and having a pond in the 
middle. The palisades were formed of the trunks of forest trees and 
cross sticks, and were from 10 to 12 feet high, secured with wild vines 
and cjine, every third }:H>st having a forked support on the outer side 
of the stockade to give them ailditii»nal strength, in resisting the 
furious charges of the elephants after l>eing kraaled. 

The drive in was begun a few months previous to the date of 
the actual kraaling, and as the animals were to be driven from a 
distance of over 50 miles, one could just imagine the difficulties the 
beaters had to experience in getting in a large herd of wild elephanttf. 
maddened as they were from want of water and food, and infuriatidd 
by the unremitting fu si lade from guns of all descriptions, and the 
incessant blazing of torches whenever they attempted to break through 
the cordon which slowly though surely closed upon them on eveiy 
side, except that on the direct line to the scene of their future 

Yet with all these precautions, many a fine tusker and eow-ele- 
phant broke away and were seen no more* It was a sight which onoe 
seen could never l»e forgotten. The hugi* Ijeasts, with marks of 
recent giin*Bhot wounds and sjiear thrusts, swaying from side to side, 
now making a rush to the right, now Xa* the left, venting their rage in 
shrill trumpetings, charging on and on in the direction of their ruth- 
less foes, but only txi be met on every side with volleys of musketry. 
flaring of torches, the gleam of spt»ars» and the yet more ear-piercing 
yells of the thousand and one beatiTS ; till at last in sullen and hope- 
less despair the poor brutes are driven forward in the direction of the 

It was a toucliing sight to see the anxiety of the mothers when in 
the confusion they miascd vheir " babies*' ; the frantic effort-s made 
by them to find the little ones, and their grief and rage when they 
were not successful. These cows gave m<»re trouble than the rest of 
the herd, and many had to be shot in order that the other elephants 
might be safely kraaled. 

I was present one night at one of these " drives,'* and was witness 
at a sad aod fatal scene. It was well on towards the small hours of 
the morning, and the first shimmer of dawn was scarcely perceptible, 
when the beaters resumed the drive. Eacli Ratemahatmeya (or native 
chief) always leads his own faction, nuuiL>eriiig hundreds of villagers 
and tenants of his particular district, who form a separate company of 
their own, and although joining forces in the general work of the 
drive, yet do not fraternise with the factions of the other chiefs. 
Thus a spirit of jealousy, or to call it by a milder name, emulation, 
waa engendered in each faction, and party feeling nuining high, 
much bad blood pivvaiJed among them. On this particular occaaioiL, 



we were cm the drive with the ueiial lirin^ and other discordant 
eleraentH, whi^h would defy mortal iinin t(» desLTibe, suddenly thfir^ 
ose abovo the diu a shrill cry as of a man in agony. We rushed 
rward to 8t?ek f<^r its muae, when to our horror we found a young 
an» a scion of one of the oldest and noblest Kandyan families lying 
4 with a buUet through his hem- 1. Poor young fellow ! I fancy 
1 8ee him now lying on the ground with fast glazing eyes, and bublrlea 
of foam and 1>1«>ik1 tinging his lijis, wliilst a small round hole juiit 
C)ver the region of his lieart left no room for doubt but that death 
U8t have l»een instantane<>us, 
Conjectnres vere rife as to the aasassin and the motive for the 
me, for there wa^* no doubt in our minds that the aet was deliberate 
d premeditat^jd, and shortly after it leaked out that the motive was 
venge. It appeared that the vh'M'i of the faction to which the 
urdered lM>y lx4onged had some days previously tied up and rather 
verely flogged a nmn belonging tn the party of another chief, and 
at thifi man and his rehitives had retaliated by taking away the life 
I young T — ■-, who was a eluse ronnection of the fltpgging Rat^mahat- 
eya : but although strong suspirion pointed to the parties, yet every 
'ort failed to fix the giiilt ou any one of them, and the identity of 
e aasasMn lies ^»urit?^l in the grave of his victim. 
His Excellency and jiarty were now about a week in camp, and 
almost given u]> hopes of witnessing the kraaling-iu, especially as 
the Governor had to attend a meeting of the Legislative Cuimcil early 
the following week, and Sir William had to eateh the homeward- 
bound steamer due to leave in a few day&» and preparations were being 
made for their departure, when at about 8 o'clock that very night a 
commotion arose in camp, and cries of ** Elephants are coming" were 
heard on every side, and the nnmistakalile yells of the l)eaters made 
us aware that this was no false alanu, and that the elephants were at 
last almost within the kiual, 

lA'aving our half-eaten dinner, we rushed to the grand stand to 
witness a sight weirdly magDificent. 

About 25 or W yards from the entrance to the kraal, silhouetted 
against the dark baek ground of majestic t-eak, kumbuk and other 
giant trees of thi- forest, loomed tlie forms of over 30 elejdiants, their 
shadows miLgniiied to more than tw^ice the original by the flickering 
lights from the many torches waving through the openings in the 
jungle, the l)oarer8 of which appearing like fcirest gnomes, dancing, 
yelling, gesticulating, and acting like so many denizens of Pande- 
monium, the shrill trumpeting of the elephants adding to the infernal 

In a while the doul>le slip mils of the gate were pushed out, and 
with a determined rush, amid the tiring of guns, blazing of torches, 
and a chorus of disn^rdant yells and noises, the lieaters succeeded in 
driving 29 out of the 30 huge brutes into the enclosure, a cow^ alone 
by one irresistilile charge breaking through and escaping intii the 
.forest. No sooner were the elephants in when the rails were slipped 
lack and the beaters with lighted torches lined the st^ockade all round, 
BO n» to prevent the animala from breaking through it. 



For a while the elephants appeared unable to realise their novel 
situatioD, some rushed to the pond to quench their loDg thirst, while 
others, fiercer and maddened ]»y tht? *-ordon of fire and the ooiae, 
made repeated and furious ehar^'^es on all sides of the kimiU only to be 
repulsed and driven hhnk to the eentre by blazing torebeB, speiu* 
thrusti* and a hail t»f shots. This continued for an hour or two, when 
the animals tjuit'tud down and huddled toj^^ether in the vicinity of tho 
pond ; the bnts!i-w*Kid and uoder-growth withm the enclosure being 
now eumpletely trodden down. 

Having wailed till the beaters had taken all necessary procautionfl 
for the night, we betook ourselves to our balance of dinner, and beds, 
there to await the events of the morning fulh>wing. 

Early next morning, after a steaming cup of Russian tea, quail* 
fied by a modicum of **the craythur," which our hoy (by the way 
he was nearer three score years than sweet seventeen) solemnly 
averred would effeittually keep off ** roosmatims " ; we started to 
witness the '* noosiutx up," little thinliing that ere the sun had set 
another mortal would In- called upon to solve the great myst^sries of 
life and death. 

Never did a fairer scene present itself to mortal ken, than it did to 
our wondering slight that morning. The picture uf the night past 
was full of solemn grandeur and sombre magnificence, baiTing the 
hideous noises and impiijih antics of the beaters; but that of the 
morning was a ** golden glory." The sun had just begun t^ 
rise and the tops of the dark belt of forest were crested with 
gleams of gold» Now and again long shafts of goldeo light 
shot from amongst the swaying foliage ; now glinting over the 
dark mass of the mouarchs of the forests huddled together 
as if for security, with scarcely a movement, than the occaaioEal 
swish of a trimk or tail t<i drive away an obtrusive gnat or 
fly — now resting on, and lighting up with countless hues the 
myriad of flew-drops ghfitening like so many diamonds on the 
leaves and branches of the trees, broken and trodden down in the 
previous night*s iiielce. The peculiar cry of the jxmgle fowl calling 
to its mate, and the swi'ct notes of countless feathered songsters added 
a charm to the picture, which conjured visions of fairyland and left 
a memory behind which not even time can efface. 

On our arrival we found that although the " hoi-polloi '* hatl mus- 
tered in great force the distinguished party had not> yet come iUt and 
consequently the noosing had not commenced. 

A bttle after 8 a.m. His Excellency and party drove up, and order* 
were given to ** go ahead/' Then the -stately veteran " WalHya,'' the 
king of decoys, and five *jthcr male and female elephants with their 
mahouts and noosei's, ranged up along the stockade gate, and passing 
in, began wliat is considered the most exciting, l>ut dangerous part of 
the sport— noosing. 

The instant the noosers and decoys were scented by the wild 
elepliants there was a visible stir among them, and one or two 
rushed at their tame brethren, while the othei's broke all over the 



ground littering at inttTvala trumpetin^B wliieL might have been 
heard for miles. § One fnsker in particular, with trunk uplifted and 
tail at right angles, made a headlunjLif ruwh at Walliva, but the old 
warrior was on hia ^lard, and having the advantage of height aJid 
weicrht, bore down the uplifted tniuk, whilst oue of the female decoys 
ranged herself on one side of the infuriated animal, and bv dint of coax- 
ing and caresses sueceeded in l>ringiui; him into a better frame of 
mind. Walliya, on tlie other t^ide rjuielly edged in, and Ix^tween 
Cheni cut the wild one away from hii^ pnLximity to the herd. After a 
few minutes of alternate coaxing and physical force rm the part of 
the decoys, the noiiKerK thought it time to slip on the ** darbies," and 
by meann of rope ladders, hanging uver the backs of their mounts. 
slipj»ed to the grouud, with a coil of stout rope ('generally made from 
the bark of the *'Bcli," slime apple tree) in eitlier hand. Now the 
sagacity of the decoys and their good training came into operation. 
They commenced to walk along very slowly, and almost imperceptibly 
fureed their charge along with them, the uooser dodging Ijehind the 
trio with thv loop reatly for adjuRtuient the moment the opportunity 
arrived. In another aecond it bad cotue, and before the eye could 
wiuk one of the hind lega had l>ecn secured, the animal 1>eing scarcely 
aware of the fact, But ik>w came the mi>re risky venture — the secur- 
ing of one of the fore legs. To dt> this the nooser had actually to creep 
und«^r the belly of one of the decoys l^efure he could succeed. To an 
experienced nooser with a well-t rained decoy this is not a djfRcidt 
matter, as in the case of Walliya and his uooser; and in almost the 
same time as that of noosing the hind leg, tlie front one was secured, 
and the animal moved on to one of the lai^e trees inside the kraal 
which was strong enough to resist the fury of the elephants the night 
previous. The two ropes were then coiled several times round the 
base of the trunk, and the end, t»» wliich a piece of elk-horn in the 
shape of a hook is attjiched, was securely fastened. 

The decoys then m4)ved off to imstures new, and left the noosed 
one in a doubtful frame of mind. He stands as if dazed, but 
only for a moment, when he makes a rush forward, till brought up 
by the tautening of the ropes, and then commences such a furious 
struggle to set himself free that it seems a miracle that the tree 
to which he is bound is able to stand the strain ; but it does, and 
aft^'r a few more ineffectual struggles, in the progress of which master 
elephant has more than once been '* grassed/* he Hcknowledges him- 
self beaten, and stauds with droo]>ing trunk, find dejection plainly 
depicted in his once fierce eye. 

The rest of the herd, with the except ion of a few very young calves, 
were treated in the sauje fashion, and with more or less difficulty were 
securely noosed and rojHMl, to await (until fairly broken in) removab 
either to grace the "Walauwa" (country residence) of some Rate- 
mahatmeyaor to join the caravan of some Arab trader, to be 8hip}>ed 
off to India, where they fetch good prices^ and often form the retinue 
of a weahhy nabob or raja. 

It was during the «v|>eiution of nooslBg that the second fatality 
occurred One of the male decoys Injlouging to an ex-eJiief was 



obeenred the day prerious to be in " must/' and as this is the mosi 
dangerous stage in the life of an elephant, his owxi#r was advised wait 
to let the animal be used in the ptroceedings of the day. as the m^bi 
of the herd, and prineif*allv the cows, would raider the animal 
ungOTemable and would result in some accident ; but the old siniier 
aHowed his avarice (each owner of a deeojr was given one elephant free) 
and ambition (he wished t4> show off the prowess of his deooy) to over* 
rule bis sense of humanitj, and insisted on his animalV ?ervii«es besB^ 
availed of. Being a very wealthj and ioHnential m ^ th«r 

community, the other chiefs at last Yielded to his imp* . with 

tbe result that a human life paid the forfeit* The brute had hardir 
been ten minutes in the kraal when he manifested symptoms of rest- 
lessness, and had to be moved to the further end of the enclosure, 
having on his back the mahout, noosers, and his special attendant 
(or grass cutter), a man whose duty it was to daily feed and water the 
animal, and to whom, as generally believed, he should have been more 
particularly attached* All was quiet for a time, when the mahout 
asked the keej^er to get him a drink of water. The keejier came over 
to one of the sheds outside the kraal, and returning with a bucket of 
water, held it up at the end of a sfM?ar to one of the men. He was 
standing behind the elephant and it was just possible that in handing 
the bucket, the pointed end of the 8f>ear grazed the animal*s flank; or 
that the sight of the cows in the herd had excited him : but whatever 
it was, and before the horrified spectators could reaUse how it hapfK»n- 
ed, the elephant had swung round as if on a pivot, and with his tushes 
(he was not a full grown tusker) had pinned the unfortunate man to 
the ground. 

The noosers leapt off his tmck and made good their escape over 
the palisades ; but the old mahout stuck bravely to his seat, and with 
the greatest difficulty managed to get the ennlged brute away from 
his victim. The extent of the man's injuries could not at first be 
known, and as it was certain that if he were left where he was he 
would most assuredly l3e trampled to death by the herd, the 
Town Arachche (a man of herculean build and undaunted courage) 
volunteered to go in and fetch the man. Two others and myself went 
to his assistance, and with the utmost difficulty got the injured man 
out of the kraal, but we had hardly laid him down under a shed near 
the grand stand when he expired. The tushes had penetrated into 
his vitals and his abdomen was ripped op^en from hip to hip. This 
cast a gloom over the proceedings, and for a few hours noosing was 
suspended by the Governor's orders. A collection was made on the 
spot, and the amount with subsequent subscriptions, invested by the 
Government Agent in Government securities for the benefit of the 
dead man's widow and children. 

The next day the Governor and party left en route for Colombo* 
and then began the exodus of the large gathering of all sort* and 
conditions of men, I being left alone, like Campbell's ** last man,^ 
having to attend to my duties in connection with the most 
successful kraal ever ^vituessed or chronicled in the annals of that 
fairest pearl in Her Brittanic Majesty's chaplet — Ceylon. — J, F. 

No, 16.— Vol. V.—15th A,.nl. 1S97 


Oil I 


k LARCtE party of huliee aud geullemeu lussomblril at i\[v Knula 

■>V Lumpur Station on SuikIuv, tbt* 4th iiiHt., tu witnoHs the 

/ clejmrture of Mr,, Mrs. and Miss Kud^^t^r, tlie former r>f wlioni^ 

^ accuinpatjii*d l»y Mr. Bt^rrinf^^on, jroetf to Jttpau fitr thnf montlia, 

Mrs. lind Miss Rod^^t'r proreedjuj;^' to EuRjpe. Ah the train ttteamt*d 

cut af the atation, shortly before five p.iu.. tbref ibeers were j;iven for 

Besideiit. The numerous friends wlioni Mr^. Rmlt^'er leaves liehind 

echo the wish expressed bv the l^^^ideiit-deiieral tbe previous 

eniu^— that her stay in Euro[ie may not Ije a lon^^ one. 

At any time the serious lUneBS of a member of our eompamtively 
small eommunity is a isad event, l^it it is partiiularly so just now 
when everybody is preparinji^ for the j^^^aiety of the ruees and the enter- 
tainTueut of our host of visitoi*!*. The condition of Mr, John Welb 
ford, who irt lyinjj seriously ill, Is j^nvin;^' mueh anxiety to \\m friends; 
hiK brother, Br. Fnmeis Wellfnnl, \n with liim, an«l we regret tlvat, 
At the tim*» of ^oiii^ t<» press, Mr. Wellford is it^ported as i»einj^ in 
great danger, 

Mr. F. a Swette^ham has prr^posed to perpettiate the memory* of 
tlie ktt-e Hun. ^laiiin Listrr by puttini^ up a bniss \\\ St. Mary'« 
Chureh* Kuala Lum|>un Mr. A. Butler will reeeive fiuliseri|ition8' 
^single subHcri]»tiun limited to slOj, aud the list will elose on Ist June. 

At the tiuu- of writin^*^ Kuala Lnnn>ur is rapidly fillini; u]> with 
visitors for thi^ nu-es^ aud, with fine weather, the me<-tiuj4 shonld 
prove a very ^y and sueeebsi'ul one. On Saturday uij^dit tliere will 
he a eij^arette smoking eoneert at the Selaii^or Club an<l on Monday 
a dance at the Lake Club. 

The Right Reverend the Bishop of tlu* Diowse will U? in 84_^laug<ir 
from the 22nd to tlie 27th inst., aud eonlirmati^m serm'es will Iw- held 
in St. Mary's Chnreh. 

A HAJ^DSOME album has been preHeuterl to Read Lodge l>y 
Wor. Brother Sanders* ui* the W,M.. in which it is IiojxhI that the 
photographs of all the members of tbe Lod^^e may 1h^ eolleetf^I. The 
Brethren of the Lodge are aske<l U\ kijidly further this objet^t by for- 
Wiirdiiig to the Sei*retiiry a eabinet-si/e piiotoj^rajdi witl* siguftture 
writt4?n aero»s it near the bottom. 





fMcntcd MaUt Sums vill fe kcU a Ae TMMm Hotri. Kwb 
oo IWa^. tiw MA Af>fl. 18»r. at 10 JO am. ud dl 

a the 




A MEETING of the Musevim Committee was held on the 31st ult,. 
Mr. A. S. Baxendale (in the ehair)» Mr. L. B. Von Btinop (Hun. See.) 
and Mr, C. E. F. Sanderson being present. A letter waa read from 
Mr, L. Wray, Curator and State G^eologist» Perak Museum, advimug 
the punihase and desjiateh of several intereBtmg specimens. Resolved 
that the Hon. Secretary convey a hearty vote of thanks from the 
Committee to Mr. Wray for his kind assistance. 

Thf» desire to acknowledge with thanks the receipt of 
the following additions duj'ing the month of February: from Mr. 
B. Grey, a white snake from the Batu Caves ; Mr. Syed A. Alsagof , a 
bird and some olive seed from Jugra ; Mr. J, Ednie-Brown, f,l.h., 
F.S.H.8., "E/epoi-t on the Forests of Wesjtern Australia/* 

Number of visitors during Febrnarv . . ._ ... 2.539 
Previouslv * ... 1,812 

Tiital for 1897 to date ... 4,351 

A Meeting of the Selangor Club Committee was held on Satur- 
day, the loth inst.» Mr. H. C. Belfield, Acting Resident, in the chair, 
Citptam Syers, l>r, Travera, and Messrs. J. Kussell, C. E. F. Sanderson, 
W. Tearle and A. B. Bligh (Secretary), being present. Messrs. A. D. 
{Boughis, J. Thompson and W. M, Thomson were elected members. 
[The Secretary's report and statement of accounts for the pr^^ceding six 
months were laid liefore the meeting, wbirh theo adjouriiea till Monday, 
I the 12th inst., when the following report and agenda of business tor 
^the general meeting mi the 28th inst., were ado]>tvdi — 

** Gentlemen, — Yotir Couimittee beg to lay before yuu the usual half* 

yearly statement *>f accxmnts, together with estimates of revenue and 

eiependiture for the rurrent half-year. Tlie liabilities of the Club were 

on the 1st October, $7..5*38.82, they are now ?^9.r2*ij>3. This increasie 

of $1,587.81 in the liabilities is accounted for as follows: during the 

mouth of March cheques to the amoTUit of $507.50 were issued to 

various creditors and these cheques were not presetitjt>d for payment 

\ before the end of the month, the bank acx'ount shows therefore a corR*s- 

I ponding amount to meet these liabilities. The sum of $920, subscrip- 

I tions towards the improvement of the crii^ket ground, has been taken 

over by the Club for collection and appears therefore as a contingent 

liability, which is balanced by a cori*esjjonding increase in the 

members' account. The working accoimt shows a net profit of S290.80, 

ti sum of $274.ti3 having been written off as depreciatioii in the value 

I of the building and J^127.*iO as similar depreciation on furniture. The 

expenditure during the half-year was Hl2(>.47 less than the amount 

I estimated for. The revenue was §753.90 less than the estimate : this 

I was principally due to the enhanced price and the decrease of consump- 

tioD of wine and cigars, the profits under which item were $600 below 

I the estimated amount. The reduction of the Government contribution 

j to the Reading Room accounts for a decrease of the revenue to the 

faxteAtof S125. A new billiard table has been purchased at a cost 

Tt is ho]H'4 that this will prove not only a vabtable 

amusementb provided by the Club but a consideiuble 



soiu'ee of revenue. Several additions and iniprovemenia to the Cltib 
liuilding have lieen carried out at a cost of ^270 and a contract for 
$900 lia^ i>eeu recently entered into for the extension of the verandab 
ffti^iui^ the plain, Tlie ivvenue for the next six months has l>een esti- 
mated at :<4,800 and the exi>enditiire at $3,045.50. There are now 236 
members of the Chib as af^^aiust *221 on the 1st October, 189t». The 
thanks of the Committee are due to the meml>er9 of the various sub- 
committee!* for the vahiable assistance they have given in the inaua^- 
nient of the Chilt and to Messrs, E. Camertin and W, Ramsav for 
having kindly audited the accounts. — For the Committee, E. A. 


1. — To Y^A*\ ttDil if approvPil confirm the niinntes of the h&st GenoEal 

2. — To reL*eive the Committee's report for the hist siJc months, 

3J. — To pivaa the ticcounttf. 

4, — Aitt'nAtion of Ruk'e« 

o. — To paas the efitiiuates. 

fi. — Election of Comniitte*^. 

7, — Eli?ctioii of a FcK>tball Captain. 

5*.— (!ieneral biisines^j, of which duo notice 1ms been ^ven. 
RuLK XXV. — At either of the ordinary general meelin^a it shiill h^ <y«iip^J 
timt to any memher to hrin^^; f^rwaid any quoi'tion, objection, <>r * nentl 

rehitini^ io t he iv|.K»rt or tinancial »tat»^nii»uts of the General Comiii] i iiMl 

that tlii"ee cle^r diiys' notice tliereof shall have h>een eent to Xh^- - nv 

Upon nx't^ipt ot such notice, the subject of it fihall be added to thr u 1' 
paper, and shall be put before the meeting in due ctiurse. 

Thb foUowin^ i^ a ti*anshitioii of a Chinese notice, in c^onneetioal 
with the reeeiit distiirWuce, issued la^t month hy the SetTretiiry fori 
Chinese Affairs : 

• 1. In the matter of the recent noting and the arrt«t and pouish-j 
ment uf the k^adinj; conspirators. 

*' 2. Dtirin^ the present month seriong distnrlmnees broke out in] 
the State and fn»m the 4th inet. up to the 7th inst. the business of the! 
town tif Kuala Lumpur and surrounding districts was stopr>ed* notiii|^| 
and U toting fulK^wed juid lives were hist and Taltmble property j 

** 3. On emjuiry thi* Government has ascertained that these 
turbant'es have lieen organised by certain unscrupulous Chinese, who! 
Imre tried ti» make capital out of the trouble of respectabh* folk. 

" 4. When the question of the Li Teng was bri^ught up before me, I 
I advistMi you traders to api>eal to the Judicial Commissioner antll 
promise^l to st^e that no injustice,* sdiould be done to you. 

'* 5* Instead of listening to the advice tendered you by Government, 
you weiv foi»lish enough to It*» deceived by certain unscrupulous agii 
tors, who tmly wished to enrich themselves at your exj^nse, 

" 6* After prolonged and careftil enquiry Govemmeut h%& found that 
there an* four ringleaders — namely* Ch&u Hr ~ li Lung, Yap 

Pto and Chu Chan of Koiig Chao Yim — chit t for orgmnift- 

log this ci»fisi«mcy against the law. and Hi& Highnr^s the Sultan ill 





C<>micil has ther^fon? cuiJ«tM] tlit'iu i%B a punii^liment for their tTiines 
to lie arrested and \a> Ih* hunisht-d for the terui uf their natural lives 
from the State and all other Malay States under British Protraction, 
including Johore as well as tlie Colony of the Stmits Settlementa, 

" 7. And jou. the Chiuese of Selitnpjr. are herel>y to take not*? and 
'Warning, that if, in8tead of petitioning^ Government to redress any 
wTt>n^s you think you have, you enter into treasonahle relatiims with 
unprincipled conspiratorfci to oppjne G<jvernment and try to intimidate 
itg officers, you will l>e certain, early or late, to meet with cuudign 

*• 8, Be loyal, therefore, to the CTOvernment under whose protection 
you lire and whose jtistice y<ni all recognise, and do not be again misled 
by lawless agitators into actions like this recent *pa-chhi,' for 
punishment is sure to fall in the end on the wrong-dotTs and you 
will find yourselves involved in their trouhles. 

"A necessary notice. Tremble and obey* 

The finst numl>er of the StraUft Chinese Magazine, a f)uarterly 
paper, has been published ^ anrl under the heafling *' Our Progmmme " 
It is atat^l : ** Owiog tu the great advauceuiont of ediiratiou within 
recent year8 in this Colony, due to a large extent tn th*^ instittUion of 
the Quef*u*8 Scholarshij>s, we can now reckon \ipt>n a large niimher 
uf StraitB-lioni |>co|ile of all nationsiblii s whi» an* in every resjiect 
better educated thiiu tliu«e of a former generation. Aun^iigHt this class 
the need has lu-en fur Hume time tVlt uf having a UK^dium tor tlic dis- 
cussion uf puliticitb so<!iah and other matters afftH'ting the Straits 
people genendly, and stnne sort uf periodical Ht**ratinv' adaj^ted tu the 
present rt'quiremcuts ut' uur popnlaliun. Tu meet to some extent this 
much'felt want, a Straits Chinese Magazine huB l)tvn started ; and 
although its name indicates that it will mainly \te cuntrollcd and inirried 
on by Straits Chinese, nevertheless wilhin its cuhmuis will be discussed 
all matters of interest to Straits pt^uplo gen<^rally, . . . The main 
obje<-'t uf this Magazine is to prumote initdieetrml activity amongst th** 
Straits-born people, and tu guide the prt sent cbautic stat-e of |ml)he 
opinion among th*-*m to sunie definite eiuL It will afford room for tlie 
discussion of useful, interestitig and curiuus inLdters cuunected with 
the customs, social life, fulk-lore, liistury and relij^itm uf the varieil 
races who have made their home in this C<dony." The lirsi article, 
"The Straits Born Chinese," is liy Mr. *A. T. Hare, the Secretary for 
Chinese Affairs, F,M,8., who is now acting as Chinese Secretary, 

"Now that the season of annual reports on departinents has again 
come round," writes a correspondent, "* the pages of the Gm'erament 
Gazette containing them might l»e made much morf? readable and the 
interest of the public in these reports considerably quickened if a new 
departure, in the way I am about to indicate, were made. We all know, 
or can give a pretty shrewd guess, what the Head of any department ifl 



likely to write aliout its performances during the year ; it is not «1 
m&tter of great difficulty to forecast the comments that irill he in&d*f, | 
by the one responsilile for them, on the more important tran8act>oni| 
of the department, nor to imagine — though they are said to he out of I 
place in a report on the past — many of the sug^geetione for the futureJ 
In fact» after a few years, the perusal of these annual effusions becomei^ 
somewhat wearisome from fore-knowledge of matter and style in 
dealing with subject. Now all this might be altered: tl : orts , 

might Ije made to contain such an original dealing witl ject 

matter, such candid criticism on work done and manner ut' doing it, 
and such unique proposals for the future^ that the public* would simply 
howl for more, and the SeIa7tgor Governmetti Gazette at one bound ] 
leap into the mueh-coveted position of largest circulation in the East, | 
British India 71 ot excepted. And how is this to be done ? Ah, the idea 
is so simple that it is a wonder it has not yet been acted on. At fiT€ • 
o'clock tea. at Club, and at dinner, one hears so much sharp, incisire I 
criticism by the members of one department on the official actions of 1 
those belonging to another, such a sweeping condemnation — mixed<.| 
occasionally. I must admit, with a little faint praise — of what k&sj 
been done, together with a clear demonstration of what should hatfj 
been done, that the dullest mind — if t)eradventure there is such a I 
thing as a dull mind in Selangor — must at onee see the force of whjit I 
I am about to propose — i.e., that the Head of u department should j 
not be allowed to write his own refKDrt : let each one write about th« 
other. 8ueh a spirit of untrammelled freedom would br#*athe in each 1 
l^iara., that the reader would find in them refreshing and eathihiratilig j 
pro|jerties equal to ozune. It is true, the scheme presents a few ' 
diffirulties and would want some careful working out ; but the result, 
from the public point of view, would repay the trouble. Selection, of ] 
course, would prove a difficult, even a delicate matter : the simples* 
way would l**^ to put the names of Heads in one bat, those of the 
departments in another, and let the Giiddess of Chanee do the rest 
The result of the draw could be notified as follows to let the public , 
have some inkling of what they might expect : 

"* No. Al, ^Annual Rkpoets, 1897. — Owing to complaints from 
the |>ubUc in general^ and subscribers to the Government Gazettf in 
particular, as to the uniform humdnuuness of departmental anstiiil 
reports, it has been decided, at a meeting held on the unknown site of 
tbe new Lunatic Asylum, on the Ist of April* that the reports for the 
current year on the various departments will \ye made as follows; — 
Department reported on : Written hy Hoad of i 

P.W.D. .-, Mediciil 

Railways P.W.D. 

Immigration and Emigration .,, Survey 

Education .. .,. Mines 

Medical . Court* 

Police ... Chinese St»cretariat 

Waterworks.,. Selangor Fire Brigade 

Sanitary Bijard ... P, and T. 

etc., etc-, etc,* 



There's the idea. I call it a [<raiid one. Unlike the mau who wrote 
about coffee, I don't expect a statue ; but am not alxwe accepting from 
a ^rearied, yet grateful, public any small tokeUB of regard sent under 
icover to you, Mr. Editor." 

Mr. E* W. Biech has been paying visits of inspection to various 
parts of the Negri Sembilan, and the following extracts are taken from 
report published in the N.S.Q. Gazette z 

"I left Seremban* with Mr. Aldworth* 7.30 a.m., 11th March, for 

[uala Sawah by rail. We Wfre met there by Mr. C. M. Gumming. 

I Drove to his new land at Niato and arranged for sites on Statve land 

tfor his eooly lines and house. Visited his nurseries, through which 

relephant^ had walked twt* days before. Drove tu Kihu and visited 

Mr McClymont's estate, thence on to Raotaii and lin^akfasted with 

Mr. Ciunining. Mr. Pore her called for me at 1,30 p.m. and drove me 

Ito Linsum, We walked over several fields and saw all the estate, 

U 4 p,m. I started fur Pengkalan Kempas. stopped at the Malacca 

Tcrtilaiy's tapioca and pepper t-state at the 19th mile, Jerak, and. after 

I conversation with Siew Hin, dr<ive *m tt^ Linggi, where I passed 

ough some verv fine kampjugs. Reached Pengkalan Kempas at 

Mn. and found Messrs. Boweu and Hoopt^r (Contnw^t Surveyor) 

itiog for me. 

'March 1 2th. ^' At 7 a.m. I visited some old Hindu graves at 

Pengkalan Kemi)a9 and then went with Messrs. Bowen aud Hooper 

by boat to Sempang Linggi. Thoroughly inspected the old place aud 

crossed over in a Malay dug-out to the other side of the river and 

I walked along the new road formatiou (90 chains j to where it meets 

f the Coast Road. We then went along the Coast Road to Seugkang. 

Stopped with the To>vkay, Toh Kng Siew^*s representative, half an 

hour; then on to Pasir Panjang, which we reached 12.30, after nine 

miles* hard walking. In the aftern^jon visited the Chinese Koniah 

I and walked round the village on her land. 

'March 13th. — Deft Pitsir Panjang (1.30 a.m., with Mr. Bowen, in 
lie customs* gig for Sungei Menyala aud waited theie a few minutes 
for our horses : then rode over an e.\c^^ilent bridle j>ath to Telok 
K^mang, eight miles from Pasir Panjang and exactly half way lictween 
that place and Port Dickson. There a number of Malays were waiting 
for me, and I arranged special t*^rms in order to open up some padi 
land close to their holdings. 

*' At Telok Kemang we got (»n to the cart road and rode on to Pasir 

Puteh, reaching Mr. Engler*s clearing at 1 1 a.m. He was flying the 

r i^ ensign in honour of my visit. His house is l>eautifully situated 

on a small bill facing the sea which, at this point, forms a l>ay, and at 

each end of the bay there is a belt of vii'gin forest standing higher 

than the intervening land. The shore of the bay is of nmr\'ellously 

^ white and fine coral sand such as I have only seen in the Cot^os Islands. 

' Mr, Engler has already planted up 50 acres with an average of 52^ 

nuts to the acre. His methods of cultivation are very thorough, every 

particle of superfluous covering to the stem, fronds and nuts of the 

palm being removed so as to give no harbom- to beetles, ants and other 



in8eet«. Tlie fo<»t of i'licli piiliii is ke|tt picked au<l raked, and tlu* 
result uf tliest* operatinus is apparent in tbe few old palnis near bU 
house which are l^earing heavily. He ig very anxious to extend his 
eultitatioD and I commend his methods to the notiee of the Kuala 
Selanj^r Company, whi^ would do well to induce him to join their 
syndicate. At 8 j>.m- we rode on and passed throutjh the following 
holdinK« of Euruj^eans — rtz., Mr. F. A. BwettenhauVs, the late Mr. 
Lister's Meitt?r«. Coates and TunnicliiJVs, Mr D. 0. Neave*s, Mr. 
Watkins\ Mr. Dougla«'s, Mr. Keyser's, Mr. MeClyniont's, Mni, Ni*ave*s, 
Messrs, Cumminfc's. Porcher's antl Ba^'^nall's, the Selan^or Sanitarium, 
the Ne^ri Semhilan Sanitarium and Mr. Rowland's. Between Mr. 
Keyser'a and Mr, MeClymont's is aituat/*^ the Beri-heri Hospital. 
There were in it only t39 j»atient«, whereas at the l^eginning of the 
year its inmates numbered li)6. 1 found that there had l><*en only 
nine deaths in 108 days out ttf a total of 1»S4 patient* adraitt<*d, Th«^ 
buildings an* excellent, We reached Port Dickson at 6 p.Tn. after a 
ride uf 16 miles. 

" Marrh loth.—AlHmt S a.m. I rtxle with Mr. Boweji tthm^ a very 
good road to Lukiit. We ^^ot off our animals at Raju Bot\s old house 
and ^ve directions to the overseer as to ivmo>4ng Home of the ^n^nite 
posts, timl)er. window and doorframes, flooring and rootinj^ tiles, etc., to 
Bapiu Pinan*^ fo Imild the Government Sanitarium rhcre. Visited the 
splendid old niosijue and ordered it to l>e repaired at i>nee, and I 
walked to the family ^'raveyanl. wliieh should be bettA^r enred for. 
Went down to the old viila^^e and ^ave dirtH-lious that tlie stacks of tiles 
therr nii^ht lie us**d for rt^roofin^^ the mosque. Rode on to Seudayau, 
where there is a landing stage wliemv tapioca is shi]>p<Hi down the 
Lukut River, and then on through a large tapim^a estate to the swamp 
lisuding t<i Pengkalaii Jinting. whei*e the Se[>aiig Towkay has a polic?e 
statit^n. This man ban three polic** stations lu this neigh bourhtMj^ aiid 
it is impolitic tliat the police should l)e practically in bis pay. At 
Pengkalan Jiiiang we cbsmounted. sending cmr hf»rses baek t<» Port 
Bickson after an eight miles* ride. The Penghulu, a »\*u of tlie Data* 
Bandar, met us and we walked up the Jimali vttUey for si^mi* four 
mile*s. The Bato* Bandar has a splemiid old orcbanl up that way and 
some vei*} fine padi land, with a stream of clear water flowing thrvMigh 
it, I Hit the land was not }Janted last year, Tliei'e are gijod kam|>ottg» 
in Jimali and the U^st we visited (Haji Sleman's) wah well kept and 
showed ftigns of good husbandry. Pnnn emjuiries* made it ^cems to 
me that this is the proper outlet to the sea from Lubii and I haveiuikvd 
Mr. Bowen to y;o up the valley and report. I msh we could induce 
Captain Ah &wi, i»f Perak, to enter Lukut and Labu, <»r get some 
l>oring done by Mr. Leonard Wray. Tliere is an old ])ath frtim Lukut 
to Rassak which is well worth exploring,', to »t*e if it g<n»is through good 
country. We walked l»aek to Pengkalan Jiuang and alter buieh w^ent 
down the Lukut River to the Kiiahi, where wi* binded and visito*! Raja 
Kadir (Raja Bi»t'e brother). The statitui ts w<Jl bjituated ami Raja 
Kadir is a man of much capacity. We returned in the District Oflicer's 
gig to Port Dickson, arri^ong then* at 6.30 p.m. 



**Mareh IGth.^ r»-f iinitHl by tlm tiionna^tniin to 8i^rc*mban« having: 
had a very (jhrjiaiint trip and havii%' l</aniftl about and swii most oi 
the Coast Diistrict. This coast is not new ta me iiBtl I was mucli 
fttrufk by the jrreat pru;,'Tt*ss made. Tlmt so mueli shuultl have been 
dune with a eomparatively small expenditure of public money says a 
great deal for Mi. W. W. iJoii^das's enerj^^y and influenee* I am glad 
to add that Mr. Buweu is engrossed in the welfare of his district. 

"At 9. SO a.m, on th<' 24th March* aeeompanied by Mr. Aldworih, 
the Collei^tor t>t' Land Revenue, I drove out to Setu!, Hi miles. The 
Dato* Dajr^iot? with a Lir^e number of Malays and some Jakuns met 
lis at the [lolice station, and f liad n lon^ talk with t!ie people ; restored 
to the Jiikuns thrt*e distant durian orchards, the owners!iip of which 
had long In-en di^putedt and ^^ave orders that some land alcui^'* the 
road as wfli as some padi land shouhl \ie taken back by the Govern- 
ment and i^ven out to Malays as the Chinaman who holds a mining 
lease for it has ceased all mining o]»crati(ms. Complaint was made 
that at Mantin. a kampong about a miUunland from the 10th milestone 
on theStdangof road, many valuable t'oconut groves, fruit orchards and 
adi Lands had bei^n imluded in a mining lease to a Chinaman. We 
valked to the pl^ue iiud found that this was so, the kampong mosque 
ping <tn thn mining land, I <lirct led Mr. Ahlworth to send for the 
Chinaman and come to some arraugtournt to cut out these holdings 
and substitutf other land that would not damage agricultuix^. A 
Singapore Chinaman met us and pointed out a lot uf 150 acres of 
mining land which lie wanted and I g-ave it to him, and another 
Chinaman applied to us to mine sonu? waste lalang land which he 
showed tis. His recjuest was also granted, 

" We stopped at Leuggeug and saw the Dato* and s*3me of his 
peojde, Th*^y werr* in much distress at the prospei-t of this fertile 
valley, which contains some 400 acres of cultivated kamprmg ao<l padi 
ind, Iw^ing given to miners, (loh Ah Ngee's Hpi>lieation lor 400 acres 
Jong the iSungei Machaug which runs into the valley had l»een 
Ipprovcd and Ng Bun Inul In-cn l>iisy l>uying up several Malay 
^holdings so as to get a f^rior right to mine. I saw some mines already 
opened^ but they have not gone far enough in to dam&ge the padi 
land. I assured tlie Malays ihat their lands should be saved to them 
and gave the necessary directions to the Collector of Land Ke venue. 

*' At 7 MO a.m. on the 25th we drove on to Sungei Broga (21 miles 
from Seremban ) over a vile road, and I was glsui enough to reach the 
beginning r>f Ah Ng<H*'s mines, for he has made a mile of good cart 
road al<mg his occupation an*a. An immense ovation awaited me here. 
Ah Ngee had given his :10lMl coolies a holiday and they had all turned 
out, a naoiety in clean white l>ajus, autl lined the road <m both sides. 
We passt^l tinder triumphal arches while vfdleys cif crackers made a 
deafening noise. At List we i-^^acht-d the Imngah^w, built for the 
iRtjman Catholic Priest, next to the new chapel. The Iiouse was decor- 
rated with flowers and Chinese lanterns and the approach to it was 
lined by Chinese headmen, a few Malaya and Sikhs, and a group of 



Ma&trag wiUi their Batin at their heiid. Ah Ngee ma<ie a > ' 
in Mal&jr and then in Chinese and called on the hundreds ot ieci 

to clap fiieir hands, which they did loudly. I briefly thaukt><i ihem, 
and after more clapping of hands the Chinee dispersed* and the 
Chinese (Chrifltian) ladies of the commimity were brought in and pre- 
sented to US- Tliey were some fifteen in number and are the wives of 
the headmen, having lieen j^iven to them in marriage either from the 
convents of the Colony or after their rescue from a life of immorality. 
The Mantra Batin next came in and we had a long conversation : he m 
devoted to Ah Ngee, who has apparently treated him and his people 
with much kindness. 

" We visited the new chapel^, a roomy building, and walked down to 
the flourishing village. At the police station I inspected the ctisttimi 
books and interviewed Raja Abdul Sauiah, the customs clerk, Fnaa 
some calculations we made I find that Ah Ngee and the three or four 
other miners in this valley annually export some $12»000 pikuls of tin 
ore via Selangor, the duty being credited to the Negri Scrabilau. They 
get their rice in from Selaiigor as the railway freight is so much lens 
than ours. Visited AL Ngee*s blast furnace, wurktHl by engine power; 
it was working for my inspection. I saw thi* niolteu tin ladled into 
four moulds containing in the aggregate one bhani and saw it skimme^i 
and prepared. The furnace ordinarily is lighted at 4 p.m. and 
extinguished at 6 a.m. and during those hours it smelts 27i lAams of 
tin— sav, $3,080 worth/' 



AS I predicted in uiy last notes, the races have filled exceptionally 
well, and, if the weather only liolds up and gives the course k 
chance of drying, we should have some racing wliich will be 
worth travelling a long way to see. 

The first race on the card ;:. for the thoroughbred griffins. Of theae 
Eimjimod is imieh fancied by the Singapore " Push," while MtdivegnnK 
Boffibadetf and Carmen have all been heavily backed by the local tAlent 
Owing to the exceptionally heavy mius which we have been having far 
the laflt two or three months, the inside of the course has scarcely evw 
been opened, and the consequeuee is that very few reliable triitls havt 
been brought off ; and I don't think I ever remember a race meeting 
when the general public and even the owners themselves have been 80 
much in the dark as to the respective merits of the griffins. Taking 
into coiiHideration^ however* the reports that have reached me about 
RiHgwnod and the excellent trying tackle which they have in Singapore, 
I shall fully expect to see him place this race to the cre^lit of Mr. 
Mitchell,, while of the locally trained lot Mahveifam^ Varmm imd 
Micknwrul Ln^m should all run well 

Of the Sungei Ujong griffins I know very little, and I must eat th*^' 
I am not impressed with those that I have seen, Of the five tnut 



bere, I fane? Mr. Swettenham's is abcmt the best ; but even he looks as 
if lie would be happier drawing a smait Ealli cart than he would be 
earryin^' silk. 

The '* Mercurr '* Cup brings out a field of eight, Mahseer Imug 
undoubtedly the gentle man uf the party, Given a hard courHe, I 
flhall expect to see him win, but should the going be a hit etickj he 
will have all bis work eut out to beat Madge and EI Bodon, both of 
whom are regular mndlarkern. 

Locky, Bittern and Initpiration make up the field for the big race, 
wliich has lost some of its interest since it was known that Bncltugh 
would not start, he being on the sick Jiut. Lochy is moving along just 
in the old sweet way, and, moreover, knjks as fit as I have ever seen 
him. hutpiratian has come on a lot since Kinta, but I don*t fancy 
that even yet he is quite cherry ripe, and we shall probably see him at 
his best in the Singapore Derby. Bittern is an " unknown quantity *' 
to me» though if he is as good as they say he is ho should make a 
luce of it. Still, all said and done, I shall eipei^t Lorky to add one 
more to his long list of victories. 

The Intennediate Stakes looks to In? a very open race, and the 
hicky man who i^pots the winner rihould rake in a goud dividend. My 
fancy rather inclines to Padrt\ who is looking as fit as hands can make 
him, and who will, in addition, have the aer vices of a first class ** Jock/' 

The Selling Race is a bit of a puzzler. Were Mainf^tmj the 
MainMay of old days one would not have to look much further for 
the winner ; he has been taking a well-earned rest lately and may 
have come back like a giant refreshed : yet, as this is doubtful, 1 shall 
stick to my old freind Jimmy, w^ho. iti spite of his scant covering of 
hair, looks titter and brighter than he did at Kinta, when he ran 
Lake&tone to half a length, the latter having lO lbs. the best of the 

Bombuhen and Holla ndia have both Ijeen scratched for the 14-hand 
race, but this still leaves a resfkectable field of eight From what 
I know of Iru, I shall expect to see her capal>le of giving the requirwl 
weight away to the others, though Frairit Queen may niu her close. 

The race for last year's griffins is a failure, and it is a pity that it 
waii included in the programme— though, at the time, it was thought 
that at least six would fare the starter. However, for oue reason or 
another, they have droppe^l out, with the exception of Makrani, Ehde 
and Bemie, the respective weights l»eing 11 st., 10 st. 4 lbs. and 8 at. 
10 11 »s. As I was the unfortunate l^eing who made the handicap, I 
will give no extra special final for this nu*e, but leave my readers to 
puzzle it out for tliemselves* 

One word of warning Ix^fore closing these notes: I am not, as . I 
daresav a grt*at mjiuy know, renowned for the infallibility of my 
*' tij'fi,*' so I bope that none of my patient, or impatient, readers, as the 
caiM* tnav I)**, will nquander rheir little all in Kicking my fancies, and 
then l»lan>e me when Black Momiay comes round. 

The Man in the Lalakg. 

ran: selangob jovexal 





k pkce i 


Hie ttioe cftre and taste m deecNratkiD viL«e« eie«ii in die eomdon 
and rooms that weve in aae doriitg tbe eriemiiir* tlte baU-Titom es^pect* 
allv being most effectiTe ; at the head nf the room wbeiv a dai^ was 
erected, wheace the ^eechea were delirered, kuig calk curtaiaa, of an 
old gold diada^ were diaped in hearr folds from eealuig to floor, ^x\d 
at the oppoeite €iid were hung silk curtains lepifwenting the natioaal 
colours of the vamns Kiatare Sialai ; palms and piyt plants wt^r^ 
arranged in the c^ oim grs of the xw«n and n>and the dai n 

the mils w<*re hni^ hu^ framed photographs of tbe ptr ^f. 

and buildings of the State in the rarious atagea ol ^biliit 

shining orer all wj^ the ^eetnc hght. Sie adjoim: ii^t 

OoTemment Secretixr^a OBce — was furnished as a dmwing rooi 




in the Council Chaml>ei% leading out of liere, the supper-tables were 
laid. The P.W,D. Office was* 8et apart an a card^room, and in one of 
the P. and T. rooni« at thi' end of the Ls*rridor the bar wan titt^tl up. 
The carridor and the o)*en space i)ver the entran ee porrh made pkaHaiit 
dttmg-out places. 

The Re^ident-Geni'j'al t>u arrival [♦riK-eeded Ui the ball-rooiii, 
[>mpanieil hy the Eesidcni and Mrs. Kodger, the State Eo^neer 
nd Mrs. S|)iK>ner, and took up a position, with H.H^ the Raja Mnda, 
oil the dai>* we have refenvd to above ; the general company followed, 
and the room, altlunji^h a very large one, 8oon lieianie crowded and, 
during the speeclien which follkwetl. very hot. It i^ <lithcnlt tu suggeat 
anv anungenieot that would have obviated the iliscoinfort of standing 
packed closely for nearly an hour while hstening to the speeches : it 
was an exceedingly trying i>rcliniiiiarv to an evening'^ dancing. 
Under similar circumstances on any future occasion the npee^hes 
might Ik? printed as a cireuhir and given to the company with their 
dance pr»»gramme, and * taken as read *' : it wtudd no <h>ulit \ye a 
ivlief to thvjse whu wnuld othf^rwiwe have to make the Bpeeches. the 
pnljlic could f|uote from the circular with greater accuiiK*y than is 
UBually shown when relying on mennjry, and it would Ih^ a Wmn to 
the repcirters. Wc make this suggetitioii pnnci|*ally lM<raii«e we shoiihl 
have found it ho verv handy : as it \», we give the spetH^hets a4« rejwrted 
intheSJi'.P, : 

''In t opening the ]>roi'pp things, Mr. Rodger said he had very great 
nieasure in welcoming tlu^m on the occasion of asking the Resident- 
General of the Fedenit<d I^Ialay States to open that magnificent 
building. It wan an important fiint'tit>n» proVmbly one of the most 
important fiinetions in which the RcHident-General had taken part since 
the inauguration of the P'edci'al scheme. With reganl to the new 
offices they were undoubtedly magnificent, but although they appeared 
XiH} large at the pivsent time, some of those present might remember 
that when they went into their present offices on the hill they could 
hardly till them. The time since then bad not been very long, but 
only the *>ther day he had tH*easion to tiike the Resident-General over 
tJiose ofhives when the Resident-General had an (tppoj-tunity of seeing 
how ver\^ much overcrowded they were ; and probal »iy before a similar 
l>erio<l liad again elapsed ihey wuuld find even the new buildings 
insufficient to meet the needs of the nij>idly grtjwing Native States. 
With n^gard to the officers concerned in the erection o( the building 
he sh<»uUl say that the chief credit of the design belonged to Mr. 
Norman and Mr. Bid well, the latter of whom was p>re8ent to witness 
the inauguration of the work with whieh he hafl been connecte^I The 
rredit for the general character and execution of the work of course 
Ijelonged 1o Mr. Spooner, tlie State Engineer ; and it sjjokc weU for 
him tliat he had kept within his esti mates. He did not in the slightest 
degree wish to detr-act from the gi'cat pi-aise and credit due to those 
who worked wHth him ; but, as they all knew, if a thing went rightly the 
head of the department got a certaiti uniouut id' pmise, and if things 



weat WTOBj^ he got all the blama On this ^.K'casion he thought ererTom 
would admit l>oth from the desii^n, constructioD and cost, and lbs 
time in which it had been finished, and from the work having been so 
thoroughly and well carried out, that every credit should be ^ven to 
the State Engineer. Nor should the assistance rendered by the ladies 
be forgotti'n. Among other things in the course of the completion of 
the building there was a discussion as to the proper colouring of the 
outer walls. A conmiittee of ladies was called in to consider the 
matter* and lu^ thought their decision was of very great value. He 
would not detain them longer, but would caJl upon Mr. Spouner to 
give a few details of the work, 

" Mr* Spooner desired to thank the Resident for the very kind things 
said about the officers and himsell. He did not tliink he deserved all 
the praise which had been given him, because had he not had the 
asisistance of his fellow offi(»ers in the first place to design the building, 
in the second t^ carry it an, and in the third to make the material with 
which it had been built, it would have been utterly impossible for him 
to have carried it to such a aatisfactory issue. Owing t<» the very 
excellent bricks with which he had been supplied by the Factury be 
had been able to do away with big clumsy pillars, and to reduce their 
sectional iirea to the lowest poBsiI*le limit. In some instances, 
particularly in the circidar staircases, the graceful appearance of the 
pillara was entirely due to their being able to put a tremendous strain 
upon certain spots, as much as nine tons to the square foot. After 
alluding t(» some of the difficulties encountered during construction, 
Mr. Spooner went on to say with regard to the design of the building 
that hia great-est thanks were due for the valuable co-operation 
and the help he had received from Mr. Norman and Mr, Bidwell 
during the original design of the building. Had it not Ijeen for them 
he was perfi^?i:tly certain they would never have biul the building they 
saw before them. Mr. Bidwell put ideas into his head and he put 
idea« into Mr. BidweH'w head, which he was most happy in carrying 
out. In faet Mr* Nonnan ami Mr, Bidwell seemed to ca,t<:h his ideas 
as if by magic. Mr, Groves and Mr. A. B, Hubback also rendered 
hira most valuable assistance. The only other i-emarks he had to 
make were more technical than otherewise, still they might prove 
interesting. They had reference to the amount of mateiial used. 
They would hardly imagine it, but no less than 4,000|000 bricks had 
lieen used in the const ruction of the building, 2,500 barrels of cement* 
18,000 pikuls of lime, 5,000 lbs. of copper. 50 tons of steel andiron 
and about iiO,000 rubic feet of timt>er. His only remaining and 
pleasant duty was tn Imod over that buiicbugon the part of the Public 
Works Department to Government, but before doing so it was but 
right that he should liere thank those who during the last four or five 
days had rendei-ed !um most valuable assistance in erecting and sup- 
plying the elei^tric light. He must especially refer to Mr. Loke Yew 
and Mr, Watkins who supplied the plant and to Mr. Wikon and Mr. 
Sanderson wlu» laid on the installation. 

"Mr. Swettenhitm, Eesident-Generah said Mr. Rodger and Mr. 
Spooner had already referred to the details of the construction of the 



^~ LT and Uj the officers who were concerned in it, so that there ^^aa 
tt for him to say. He was extremely sorry that Sir Treacher 
i*ii* UiA present. He should have liked to have told him how much 
he a/iniired his courage in having asked the Govemor to construct a 
building of that size, and he shoultl also have Iiketl liim to have i^en 
the completioD which liad crowni^ the work. Amongst those whose 
names should not Im* omitted in that connection was Mr. Maxwell, now 
Sir William Maxwell He thought that the State should always bo 
particularly gniteful to him for tliuse offices. l)ecao8e it was during the 
time that he was Acting Gi*vcmcir in Singapore that approval was 
given to the etmst ruction of that liuilding. Another name which 
should not be forgott+*u was that «*f HE. the Governor who, in his 
i^apacity a* High CotnmiHsi<mer and a Freemat^^^n, laid the foundation 
stont* of that great biiiidiDg— not, he believed, without great misgivings. 
He was very glad indeed to find that the cost of the work had lieen 
kept within the estinuite ))y the Piildi<' Works Department under the 
able guidance of Mr. Sjnujuer. This was one i»f the greatest miracles 
he bad ever seen in the Native States, and although the days of miracles 
mBora past in the Native States they were not altogether uncommon. 
H** doubted very much whether there was any Puldic Works Depart- 
luent either in the Native States or out of it which would have executed 
a largo work like that for the sum stated, $152,000. That included 
eveijthing tliat was a part of the building, Tiic ground cost some- 
thing* but that of cour«e could not be jmt down to the cost uf building. 
He did not tliink there was much more left to be said with r^^ference 
to the building except what they could see for themselves. Although 
the name of Mr. Rodger was not connected with those offices in the same 
way as Mr. Treacher's — Mr. Kodger was not there when the coustruc- 
lion of new offices was decided upon — yet his name would be connected 
witli Selangor In a very much wider sense, Ijecause ever since a British 
E*aident had come t^> Kuala Lumpur of any credit that attached to the 
Briti&h administration by far the largest portion l>elonged to him, and 
he said that advisedly, Mr. Rodger luid occupietl the position of 
Bmioit and Acting Resident a ijreat deal longer than any other man, 
and be very much regretted the depature of Mr., Mrs. and Miss Rodger 
tia-morrow^ ; there was nothing left except t^ say gcK>d-l>ye. A friend 
of hiB, to whom the Native States owed much, speaking in that very 
town, he believed, once said of a lady who belonged to the Native States 
that she was the most lovable woman in his acquaintance. He would 
not say anything of that kind, because if he did he would be accused of 
fcjbowing an undue prefei-enee, and eveiTbody knew he never did any- 
tlung of the kind ; but he would allow himself to say that he 
thought nobody could so graciously, so s\Tn pathetically and so well fill 
the phboe filled by Mrs. Rodger at the Residency. Speaking for himself, 
and for all who were present, he trusted that she would not be away 
too long. He had less hesitation in talking about buildings, and he 
would go so far as to say that there was no building in any British 
poaaeasion in the East, British Imlia always excepted, so good as that 
boUding, take it all in alb inside and out, ami what it was intended 
for. It did infinite ci'edit to everybody who had anything to do with 



it, and thev lai^'Ut be proud of it, not only uow but for a loii^ fiiu*> 1o 
come. H»^ ilruhirud the l>iiil<liu^' uow opt'u, iiud thanked all preseot 
for beiiring with him sa long." — SF.P. 

However tiring the company may have found Iho standing, tli<? 
nisi] to secure pla/ces in t!ie opening- Lancers nbtiwed that there wa« 
Htill a large amouot of eu^r^^y left, and rrjL,dit thrt^ngh the progTJimme, 
wliich was carried out without any itlteration, it did not geem to 
dimijiisiiiL A <'barmin|kf selection of music was given by the Sdangor 
Band, and all the ^^uests were loud in their praises of the dunce. We 
think that one of the chief faet-Ltrw in its t>ucce«s, was the general 
nature of the invitations aent out by the oilieer8 of the P.W.D. The 
following was the program oie : 


Lancei^^** Round thc^ Tf^wn '* 


Wttltz— ** I)olort?s " 


Waltz—*" Paul Jones " 


Ltuict'rsi — "• Coxuit." Cuts ** 


Waltx— ** Simtirt^o "' 


Waltx- " DaneiJi^' Girl " 






Waltz— " El Dorado '* 


\V altx— " Wein, Weih & GtfStmg 


Bam—" Happy Djirkies " 

1 12. 

Waltz—" Fiddle and I *' 

After the la«t dance, a move was made to the supper- room. Owing 
to the very hirge numljer of guents and the ditficulty of arranging 
sitting ac'conimodatiou, it was supposed to he a *' stand-up supper;** 
but those who were alert, had no dlfficidty in securing seats for them- 
selves and their partners. The company, of course, had to sup in two 
or thi-ee parties* but the an-angements were so well made and the 
catering so good that no itK'onvenieuce or discomfort resulted from 

It stjindft to reiisitii that preparing so large a l>uildiiii^' for so large 
a company, entails a considerable amount of work and worry; the 
illuminations, the decoratiuns* the sup|>er, and the liundi'ed and one 
det^iils that accompany them mean a lot of foretb»-Uight and labour 
to brin;T aliout tln^ success which thi/ *tpeuing ceremony proved to l>e* 
Naturally, the otiicers tif the P.W,I). Uj a man worked like Trojans, 
Imt there wa.s abundant evidence in the ballroom, the sup}>er*room and 
elsewhere that the hand of the gentler sex had given the finishing 
charm to the whole ; and it must have afforded Mrs. Sfiooner, who wa^ 
so ably assisted by^ Mrs. Bellamy, Mrs. Norman and Mrs. Groves, 
real satisfaction to note bow the guests appreciated the result of the 
care and attention that \m,d Ijeen devoted to the object of giving an 
evening's real enjoyment. 

The thanks of the P,W.D. are due to Towkay Loke Yew and Mr. 
Tambusamy Pillai for the loan of the electric phint, and to Mr. C. 
Wilson, of th^ S.G.R.. and to Mr. Sanderson for installinj^ it; as well 
as to those who lent some of the lieauiiful palms and plants that were 
so effective in the decorations. 

It is needless to sa.y that everyone is w^ishing for some other oppor- 
tunity to arise in wlu<'ii the offici-rt* <kf the 8e!iiUL.^»r Public Work* 
Department may act as hosts. 

No. 17.— Vol. V.—SOlh At>ril. ISHt. 


THE excit^^raent and iiimioil of Ih^ luces havt? come to an eud, 
and most j»<?ople are uot sorry. The Selatigor Club has di^ojjped 
Imck into ite noniiii! 8tate of quieiudr, and lliose who regard iiiid 
use the '• Spotted Dog " a8 a Club lU'e recovering from the shock of its 
invasion by *' hor&ey " individuals* To the man who never mo vet* out 
of KuaU Lumpur the number of strange faees was Ijewilderingt but 
happilj the visitors wei-e not all new, and t-o see in the Clnb unce more 
some well*rememl>ered tonna, such as Mr. Biix-h and Mn Malcolm 
Ciimming* made one feel that there wa« yorne compenfiation for all the 
bustle and row. 

It is with very great I'egret that we record the death of Mr, Jolm 
Wellford, wliich tuok pliiee, at his residence in Knala Lnnipur» on the 
16th inst. In a later is^iue we hope to ^s'ive an a^'count oi hia caiecr. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Hofee was ii; Kuala Lumpur during the 
week, and on Sunday last held confirniation services at St. Mary's 
Church. The right reverend gentleman, while in Kuala Lumpur, was 
the guest of the Rev. F. W. Haines. 

Mb8. Birch has Ijeeu staying in Kuala Lumpur, as the guest of 
Captain and Mrs. Syers, since the Raeee. Mr. Birch, as one of the 
Direetors of the Widows and Orphauii Pension Fuml, was in Kuala 
Lumpur on the 27th and 28th inst.. and k4i. on the morning of the 29th* 

Mb, G. M. Stafford^ who had itiTanged to go on the 27th instuut 
on long leave, is now acting as Chief Surveyor in plaee of the late Mr. 
John Wellford. 

Mb. C. E. F. Sanderbon liaa been elected Viee^President of the 
0ehiBf;or Club by piuctically an unanimouB vote ; the result of the 
[lot was received with loud cheering at the meeting held last Wednee- 
dAy» and the memljers are to be congratulated on having elected as 
Vice-President one who has for eo long devoted himself to the interests 
of the Chtb. 



Mb. a. R. Venning has been L-lefted. bv the Commitiee, President 
of the Lake Club, vkf Mr. E. M. Alexander who has j.^oiie lo Eurofie, 
and Mr. J. S. H. Freneli huH Ijeeii elet'ted a member uf Committee 
in pLwe of Mr. Venning. 

By one of those errors which oceiir in even well-managed papers, 
we omitted, in our aectumt of the P.W.D, *' Festival/' to mentiijn the 
mime of Mtb. Langslow au one of the ladies to whom the thanks of the 
guests were duu for the excellent arrangements of the evening. 

TaE Gazelle uutifieH thut Monday and Tuesday, 21st and 22nd 
June, have I wen appointed a^i i>ublic holidays in t'ommcmoratiou of 
the completion i»f sixty years of Her Majesty the Queen's reign. Among 
the proposals for the celebration of the Jnl>ilee are, for the Saturday 
afternoon, a Bullock Cart Parade and a Carriage Parade, and Water 
Fete at the Lake the same night. On Sunday a Thanksgiving 
Serviee. Monday, 2l8t June^ Spoiis in the morning ; 4 p.m., Gym- 
khana; 9 p.m.. Fancy Dress Ball in Government OlMces; Malay Fele : 
Native Wayang«, ete. Tuesday, 22nd Jun«% 7 aan,. Parade, Sports, 
Siilute of **(> guns ; 8 p.m.. Cbildri^n*8 Fete; 6-9 p.m., Proceasions ; 
*J l>.ui,. Fire Brigade JX'monstration ; and at 10 p.m., Fireworkfl. 

A nitH^ting of the GentM'al Committee will take plaue this evening 
at iy ]>AU. at the Selangor CIuIj. 

Thk Victoria Park, propo6i?d as a pennanent Memoiial of the 
Diamond Jubilee, Una, we read, received some criticism in high 
fpiarters. The i-esultof the first round, in fact, is that the scheme has 
retired to its comer braised but not cast down, and after its support-ers 
have again brought it u[> to the scratch we have Imt little doubt that 
it will overcome all ditiicnltie» and emerge triumphant. 

Mr, W. D. Scott is going to leave us to take charge of Kuala 

Pilah, and everybody in Kuala Lumpur is sorry to lose him. ^Mr. 

H. O. Maynard leaves here for Europe on Simday next ; he expects to 
be hack in Kuala Lumpur by the end of the year, — Mr. Vane, the 
State Auditor of Perak, pasEed through Kuala Lumiiur last week. 

Ik his March report, Mr. Keyser, Collector and Magistntte, Jelebu, 
writes : — *' In a superficial report of this nature it seems nigh desecra- 
tion to allude to the ij'i-eparable Iobb which all in Jelebu have sus- 
tained through the death of the Resident, ihe Hon*ble Mai tin Lister; 
yet not to do so would be t^ record the events (d' a month and omit 
mention of that one which moved our hearts and clouded the lives 
of all classes anu.>ug us. Of the work he did in connection v^ith this 
small State no <.uie is more (iualifted tu speak than myself. t«ince iuti- 



mate knowledge of the aituatiou had inatie iiie ii(Jineu hat sfejdical as 
t^j the siifcess of the Ntjn*i Senibilan Trmty. The expelled rajas 
of Jelelm livid in Sri Mpiianti and were Ixi'litned t^> possef^fs ibe 
suppoil and Hvuipaihv of tlieir IJeBideiit, ^Mr. Lister. This waii well 
known to the Dato' Feughidii and eliicfs of Ji'lebu. and on 
his first coming amonj^^wt tiieio old jealouHiea and suspicions 
rerived. In a shuH time tlic Ri'sident htid no more ardent admirers 
than tliese chiefs, and his work io this (•oanecti(»n wjik crowned l>y tlie 
fact that he wan recently ai)le to arran^^e for the rsijaw of Sri Menauti 
and claimant to the Yam Tuanahip of Jelebu to vinit here and ta,ke 
part in festivities j^dven liy the Datu' Penjjjhulu ainl chiefs of his 
CouneiL Thus here alwit |Jt'opIc saw the hand known to have contrived 
to bring harmony to Kcnd»au, formerly notonons tV»r strife. Such [?cr- 
boual influence wius a power amongst sensitive Malays, and their country 
will long reap tlie benefit of tliese seeds of good feeling thus imper- 
ceptibly flown/* 

Theee was a well -at trended dtince at the Lake Club on the last 
night of the Races. There was a daiice at flie Residency on Tues- 
, day last. There will be a dance at Selangor Club to-night (Friday). 
There is some talk ot having a Masonii^ '* At Hfuue/* with dancing, 
alwut the middle of May, and we understand that the Jul u lee festival 
will include a fancy dress dance at the Government Oflices on 
Monday, the 21st June. 

The Cigai*ette Smoking Concert at the Selangor Chib «m Saturday, 
the 17th inst,, was chiefly remarkable for the long wait Itefore it lit^gan 
and for the noise ivhieh some of the audience made during the evening ; 
most likely the latter was the outcome of tlu; f(U*mer, but gentlemeu 
should remember that the sort of fun wliich may lie permissible at a 
gathering where only men are present, is not quite nic*? wtieu I ad it's 
form a large portion of the audience. The i>rogramm*^ contained the 
name of but one lady. Mrs. Douglas — ^ivho aung that charming song, 
** Paj-leMoi,*' written by Mrs. Wei man -but Mrs. Stafford and Mrs. Syers 
both assisted as accompanists ; many had expected to have the eltaneeof 
once more hearing Mrs. Parsons sing In'f ore her de|>arture for Eiiro^te^ 
but were disappointed. The Straits Trading Comjniny was, as ever* 
strong in mnBical talent, Mr, McCnnn and Mr. Crane filling the hiatus 
caused by the absence of Messrs, Alexander and Bourne; Mr, L>immau 
once more sang to a Kuala Lumpur audience, and Mr. Severn ugaiu 
proved how successful and valuable he is in affairs of this kind. Two 
new singers made their bow here for the first time, Messrs. Thomsott 
and Arnold i the former has a pleasant voice, the latter plenty of 



Violiu Solo— Meditation— Mr. MoCiuiu- Gouiiud 
SoQg — I Pear no Fo*? — Mr Cruiie— Pinsuti 
Song —Bedouin Love Song — Mr Arnold — Pinsuti 
Song — Park' Moi—Mrs. Doiigliis — Mrs. Gerard Welman 
Song — The Vicar*!* Song — ^Mr. St^veni— Sullivan 
Song with Violin obligato— Protestations — Mr. Dnnumn — H. 

Song — Aria from "■ La, Juivo '■ — Mr. Arnold — Hakvy 
Song— The Old Dieain— Mra. Douglas — Gerard Lane 
Song — Gouil night, my love^Mr. Dumnan 
Nonever— Mr, Crane— Muttei 

Song — I don*t want tu plav in your'^ard — Mr. Thomson 
Duet — Excelsior- Messrs. Crane and Duuman — Balfe 

The half-yearly general meeting of the memhers of the Selangor 
Cluh wiLS held on Wednesday, the 28th inet., at OO pjn,, Mr, H, C, 
Belfield* the acting ReHideut, in the elum% Captain Syers, Dr. Travers. 
Messrs* Donga!. Russell, Sanderson, and Tearle, members of Cumniiltee, 
Mr. Bligh, Secretary, and about 40 other members l>ejug |>resent. Th« 
minutes «»[ tin- prev^ious general meeting weru lead and eonfinned ; the 
half-yearly rejiort was taken as read, and the aecountu i>a88ed. Captiiin 
SyiTH proposed that the rule wlierehy the Chief Magistrate was 
ea; officio the Vice-President of the Club should be alt-ered. and that 
that office should be tilled by a iiiemlx?r elected at a general meetLng, 
he explained how the rule had originally been framed lu* an acknowledg- 
ment of the services which Mr. J. P* Rodger, formerly Chief Magis- 
trate, hnd rendered to the Club at the time of its formation ; the 
e^)oiplications and ditiiculties which had since arisen when geutlemea 
who were not members uf the Sehmgor Clui* happened to fiil the pM>st 
of Chief Magistrate ; and the udvantages which might be exf^ected to 
accrue from the opportunity uf electing as Vice-President a gentlemen 
who was not a Government ofiitial ; he further stated that the Resi- 
dent, Mr, Roiiger. was in favour of the alteration, and added tliat he 
thought it was to the interest of the Club that the British Resident 
should continue to be the President (an opinion that was loudly 
applauded), and ill this connect ion referred to the great pleasure it 
gave him, and doubtless many other old members present, to see Mr, 
Belfield occupying the position of President of the Selangor Club that 
evening. The same rule was also altered to allow of the Committee 
holding office for twelve months instead of six as hitherto. The 
proposed alterations were carried unanimously. Mr, Sanderson 
propose<l the alteration of Rules XXIV. and XXV., and explained 
how I he general meeting to be held in October would Ije for th 



purpose only of coBsidering proposed alterations tt> niles. This was 
alio carried. Tlie next busmess was to pass tlni estimates^ and, as 
these had lieen tirawn up for six months only and the alt^iratious to 
mles rendered it nec^ssaiy that provision shrudd tie made fur twelve 
months, some disctiBsion ensued^ the debateable points beuig the 
amounts to set «part for ganii's, both outdoor and indoor; it was 
I'esolved that the snb- committees for Cricket, Football and Tennis 
should furnish the general couimittt^ witii detailed estimates for the 
ensuing twelve montUe, and that the sum provided for Funiitui-e 
should he increased Ui al!ow of the purchase of a new cloth for one of 
the billiard tables. The election of a Vice-Pre«idciit fur the twelve 
months then took place, the Ijallot being* with the excc])tion of half a 
dozen votes, unanimously in favour of Mr. C. E. F. Sanderson. The 
Chairman, in calling upon the meeting to elect five members of 
Committee, atat-ed that the Governuieiit nominees were Messrs, Dougnl 
and Nicholas, aud the ballot which then totjk place resvdt^l in the 
election of Captain Syers, Dr. Tmver«, and Messrs. Harper, Pax on and 
Busseil. The next item on the agenda was the election of a Foulball 
Captain, and, on a show of hands, Mr. W. W. Cook was declared 
elected. Before the meeting terminat'tHl, Mr. BelSeld referred to the 
very gi'eat pleasure it gave him to l>e buck in Selangor, and to Ije 
present at the meeting that evening ; as one of the original members he 
lia<i always, and should always, take a grtrat intt^rest in the Selangor 
Club, and he ho^>ed that in time his permanent resident would Ite in 
Kuala Lumpur. With a vote of tlamks to the ehair the meeting then 

The ndes as altered read as follows : 


XVm.^The management of the a^airs of the Cluli sha!! l^e 
vested in a Geneiul Committee, to consist of the Resident, as President, 
a Vice-President, and seven resident UK^mbertJ, twd i.jf wln>rn shall be 
nominated by the Government. The Vice-President and the Committer 
to hold office for one year* to lie elected at general meeting to be held 
in April, and the Government nominating its iiienil^ers on the same 
date. The Conmiittee shall have the power of tilling up vacancies as 
they occur. 

In the event of a resident member of Committee being absent 
from two consecutive meetings, without a satinfactory explantion in 
writing, he shall be deemed to have resigned bis seat, and the Com- 
mittee shall |irL»ceed to till the viuancw 

General Meetings. 
V, — There shall be two onlinary genentl meetings of the Club 
*;he first la April, to rc^eeive the n^port of the General 



Commitl^pe od tiie affaii'a of the Chib, together with a stat<*ment of 
the aeconnts for the past year, and an estimate of the receipts and 
oxpi^iidituiT for the current year ; to elect the Viee*Pi'efiident and five 
members of the G*^Jierai Coinniitt<^ ; and to transact any other busineea 
on the agenda of which fourteen days* notice in writing shall ha?e 
been ^ven to the Seeretary, and the second in October, should any 
altt^rations in the Ruh?a be proposed in accordance with Eule XXYI. 
A notice specify ini^ the subjects lo he dealt with at such meeting shall 
be posted in the Cbib and shall Ik? sent by circular to each snbscribing 
meinljer ten days before the dat^* of the meetiog, together with a copy 
of the General Committee's report and financial statements, 

XXV.— At the ordinary g^eneml nieetiiij^'- hehl in April it shall be 
compelent to any meiaber to bring fon^ard any question, objectioDp 
or amendment relating to the report or financial statements of the 
General Committee, [jrovided that three clear days* notice thereof shall 
have l>een sent to the Secretary. Upon receipt of such notice, the 
subject of it shall l>p addt^d to the agenda paper* and shall l^e put 
before tlie meeting iu due course. 

Selanoob Club 

BilUards Hand 

icap: — 

1st Round. 

0. Phillips... 

, +80 


C. Glover , 

, +30 

145 score 

C. G. Thompson . 

. +40 


W. T. Ccwk . 

. +110 

193 „ 

J. W. B. Ogle 

,. -^m 


E. C. Crick 

+ 50 

234 ,. 

J. A. Chieh ester 

.. +13U 

P. Hoffner .. 

. +110 

205 „ 

H. Tregarthan 



E.J. Roe 

. -20 

237 „ 

2nd RonND. 


+ 40 



. +100 



. +lt¥l 



. +00 



. +(30 


. +00 

217 score 


. +50 


. +30 



. +70 

Croiapton .. 

. +90 

151 score 


. scratch 


scratch 2r34 ,. 

McCloflky .., 

. +70 

A. Butler ., 

. +70 


DonU * ... 

. -50 


. +120 

212 score 


+ 40 


. +80 

228 ., 


, +50 


+ 90 

215 „ 

Neu broil n<-r,,. 

. --70 


, +50 

204 „ 

F. E. Maynard 

.. +70 


.. +20 

245 „ 

O'Hara * . 

. +80 


. +80 


Sanderson ,. 

.. +70 


,, +90 

165 score 

Ket«chker . 

., scratch 


+ 90 

223 ., 


. +70 



172 ,. 



3bd Round. 


... scratch 


MeClrJBky .. 

. + 70 234 score 


... +70 


Chk'hesttT .. 

. +130 224 „ 


.., +70 



. +60 249 „ 

Maynard , » » 

.,* +70 



. +50 241 „ 

Cunmiing ... 

,.. +40 



., 8cnLUli201 ,, 


... +50 


+ 50 202 „ 

ThOQipBOIl .,. 

... +40 


Neiibronner .. 

. -70 211 „ 


... +80 



. +70 247 „ 

Mb. Tom Gibson, Secretary to the United P]ant4?i*a* Association^ 
F.M.S.. has issued flie following inrriilar letter : 

"Dear Sir. —The local market in Sing;tiiK*re for the sale of LilMjnau 
Coffee not ha^in^^ jiR^ved HatiKfuct^iry, it is now proposed that all 
interested should take steps to enquire, in the first instance^ as to new 
markets and methcHls of Bale ; and you are invited by the Committee 
of the TJmt€d Planters* Ass4 relation of the Federated Malay States^ to 
make enf|niries, and they ask you tu use your Itest endeavours to 
I obtain infoniiation in the matter and to represent your views upon tha 
Bubject to them, when it iis pr*»paBed to follow the course wbieli seems 
likely to lead to the l>est results and mei^ts with general approval. 

"To enable enquines to lie made in various plaeehj it is projKJsed 
that the papers sent in should \ye t'onsidered at a date to lie fixed in 
^ August, 1897/' _„__ 

A Geneeal Meeting of the Stdauj^nr Planters* Association will be 

held in the Victoria Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, on Saturday, 15th May, 

' 1897, at 10.30 a.m., Uy ti-iinsaet the general buKincss of the Association 

and to consider any other points of whicli ilue notife may have been 

given to the Comjmtta:\ 

Dbaft Agenda of Business. 
1. — To read and if approved confirm the minutes *»f last ^neral 

2,— To consider certain correspondence with Government. 
3, — To consider the following resolution, pi'oposed by Mr. Dougal and 
seconded by Mr. C. Meikle — 

" That Government be asked to charge quit- rent only in 
** proportiou to the number of months the land is held during 
** the first year of oi-eupaney." 
4.^To consider letter from Messrs, Adamsou, Mactaggart & Co.p 

Negapatam, t^> Mr. Cai-ey re recruittTH. 
5, — To consider any other points of which due notice has been given. 



The Commandaiit, F.M.H., m his report for 1896, writes, under 
the heatlin^ ** Artillery ": *' The 7-poiinder moiintftin guns are in good 
order, but the earriafjes are getting worn out, they have stoml the etndn 
of some henvy work since 1887 well, A guii of a niore reeent pattern 
should now Le Bubstituteih The 8ingle*barrel "Gaidener" ia serrice- 
able fts regards the barrel and actiou, the carriage is shaky, and it would 
lie a waste of money to replace it. The pattern is obsolete, and if a 
«itut"k-finng gun la necessary it would be lietter to replace it by a Maxim. 
The 2^-ponnder *" Nordenfelt/' though useful as a gun of position, ia 
obs<ilete, and still unreliable owing to the liability of jamming." In 
competing for the Warren Challenge Shield *' C '' Company, the 
beat team of the Ouideisi, cione out 9tb, with a score of 433 ; they were 
tiriug with the Murtiui-Henry against the Lee-Metford. The following 
statistics are also given in the report : 


Average length 

of aervk*. 

Years. Months. Bays. 

3 3 1 



Feet. Inches. 

... 5 n .. 

Years. Montln 
24 11 

" A " Company 



... 5 8J .. 
... 5 9^ .. 

23 11 


"0" . ... 



... 5 lOi .. 

25 3 



... 5 lO" .. 

25 3 

*"E^' „ ... 



.. .5 91 .. 

25 2 

Regiment . . 


H 25 

.. 6 fl .. 

24 9 


TT is a remarkably fortunate thing for the loeal iipaders of the 
I Jinirnul tliat we nt*w have in Kuala Lumpur a daily newspaper 
J which serves op in its news columns every strap of hx^al informa- 
tion, aod, of course, did not fail to give its readers a fuJb complete 
and accurate account of the recent meeting of the Selangor and Sungei 
Ujong Racing Clubs. To those of our readers who, in common with 
all the Straits papei-s, as well as the sporting papers of British India 
and Home, not forgetting tlie Australian ones, have been anxiously 
waiting to read what ** The Man in the Lalang'* would write about 
our races, it will be a great disap|)ointment to learn that that noble 
sportsman has, as on a former occasion, made us purchase a little 

The weather, except on the first day, when it was gloriously fine* 
was not propitious, and the wet afternoons of the second and third davs 
were very trying to all. It seems to l)e the general opinion that thf 



nnmlier of visitors present was not equal to tliat of former meetings ; 
but we fancy that this applies mtlier to the occupaBts of the Grand 
Stand, for it aeenied to us that the crowdti rotmd the bar and the '*Tute " 
were quit** u|i to the usual titan durd. The gharrie8, rikishas and 
hiiUuek eurts on the road tn the rat ea were as much in evidence as ever, 
and despite the rain there was the usual congregation of " rag-tag '' 
round the inner edge of the eoui-se. 

We give a full list of the events of the three days, with the winners, 
and w^ould strongly Teeonimend those of our readers who are not 
ardent sportsmen, to i*t*serv^e its perusal for some time when they 
may feel tliat they have done wmng and deserve sume self -inflicted 
punishment. To our mind» the great event of the meeting was when 
two men eaeh srouped up >?520 from tlie tolalisatur tlu"oiigh baekiug 
I»rnnij un the thtrd dny. Another event of local im[tortaiice was when 
Mr. Maynard*8 Mad ye with Harper up won the *' Mercury Cup*" and 
thus enabled her owner to become tlie possessor of that gigantic trophy. 
Mee^rs. Hulmes aud Meikle*s win w^ith Ru-hni(*ttd Lass was a popular 
one, as was Mr. Mitcheirs with Ritigtr'Xnl and Mr, Baxendale^s with 
EI Bodon. In fact, they wem all popular wins — even Mr. Joaquim'a 
with Lord of the Ldetf. 

Mrs. Belfield, on the following Wednesday, at the Selangor Clob, 
presented the ** MercuiT " Cup, the Civil Serviee Cup and the Kesi- 
dent's Cup to their respective winnerH. 

FiBST Day. 

1.— The Ke8I1>ent's Cup.- Value ?150 with S250 added. A raee 
for Selangor thorough- bred griffins, weight 10.7. JEntnuice free. 
Distance 1 mile. 
Messrs. Meiklo and Holmes' ,., Eichmond Laes ,.. 10.7 ... All scarlet ... Smith 

2. — ^The Planters* Cup.— A race for Sungei Ujong griffins, value 
1^250. A race for \S97 subscnption i^nttins; weight as j)er seale for 
13.2 ponies: 14.2 to cany 11 stone. Entrance free. Distance E. C* 
Messrs. Bowen and Mowbi-ay*i< ... Rangitira .., 11.0 ... Black, 

pink colUvr, eafis and cap ... Mr* Gallwey 

3. — The '*Mercuev" Challengk Cirp, — To be won twice by the 
same owner betore becoming his al>«olute i>ro|ierty ; presented by the 
officers and ship^s company ot H.M.lB. Mtrtury ; value 8500, with «^150 
added. A race for roadsters, the i^roperty of members of the !?lelangor 
or iSungei Ujong Chdm resident in either State, which shall huvc been 
regularly ridden or driven in these States by a member of either Club 
for three ninnths previous to the date of the meeting. Entraaee ^10. 
Distance 1 mile. Gentlemen riders. 
Mr, May mtrd^a ... M adge ... \\^t^ .,. Cerifto and grey ... , . . Mr . Harp«> r 

4. — The Selanoor and Sunqei Ujono Stakes. — Value 8500. 
A race for ail horses ; weight as per scale, with penalties and ollowancea 

as DC 

(Straits Racing Association rules 27. 28 and 29). Hoises entered lo 
be sold at ?600 (Straits Racing A ssoeiation rules 115, 117, 118, 120 
and 121) allowed 14 tl>s. T" 1 ' mi!e. Entrance {fe*15. 
Mr. Swetteuham** ... Lockv .J Green ... DallaJi 



5,^Tke Intermediate Stakes. — Value $200. A race for all 
horses that have l>een imported into the Straits or Native Wi 
fiubsi'riptiau griffins and that have never won a race, griffin and roadster 
rares excepted. Weight 10.7. Distance 1| mile. Entrance 310. 

Mitdsrs.Oabomeaiid Lynch's ... Padre ... 10.7 ., Primrose, hlack hoopa 

and sleeves ,.. Fiddea 

6, — Miners' Pdese.— A selliog nice. Value $250. A nu-efor aQ 
horses to Ix^ entered at a stated vaKu* of from $600 to 8300 ; horses 
entered at ^fiOO to ciirry 1 1 fitone 7 U>«. with an allowance of 7 lbs, for 
every $50 h*88 value. Winiur to }n' sold (8. R. A. rule 119), Distance 
1 mile. Entrance SIO. 
Mr. Twnbooeamy'rt ... J i in my t».7 Wliit<^, blue laah ... Fiddet 

7.— A Pony Rack, —Value S200, An ojttional selling race for all 
ponies, 14 hands and under; weight fnr inchea, top weight 117; p<:»nie8 
euteivd at S500 to receive a stone from ihi»se not entered Uy he sold, 
with an additional allowance *>t' 7 lh*s. for every S50 less value. 
Entrance $10. Distauee 6 furlongtj. 
Mr. Stewart's ... Iris ... $450 ... 14.0 ... 10.0 

8. — A Handicap for ScLANaoa 
Distance 1 mile. Entrance ^lO. 
Mr, Tainhoo8Rmy*ft ... Maharani ... H.O 

Orange and white hoops ... Collima 
1896 Griffins.— Value $200. 

VVhit^, blue 8a«li ...,,. PhOlipa 

SEcosn Day. 

1. — A Pony Race.— Value $200. A i-ace for ponies 13.2 and 
under, weight aa per scale (S. R. A* rule 30.) Entrance $10. Distance 
^ furlongs. 

DouglaJi Osborne's . . . Phyllis . . 13, 1 1 KM 1 . Primroee, black 

hoopij and ili-^ves} ... Owner 

2.^ — A GaiFPiN Handicap. —Value $250. A h*indi*mp for Sungt/i 
ITjong gi'iffiijs that have rnu in twee Ko» 2 on the first day. Entrance 
^10. Distance t\ furlongs. 

Messrs. Boweaaud Mowbray's ,. Rangitira ... 11.7 Rlat-k, phik 

collar, ciiffji and cap ... Mr. Gallwey 

3.— **ME»ctrRY" Ctrp Handicap. -Value $2tK». A handicap for 
roadsters that have run in rat!e No, 3 on the first day. EntraAoe $10, 

Distance 1| mile. 

Mr- Baxendale's .El Bo<ion ... 11,7 , Bninxe, light blue «lccves, 

bronze and lij^ht blue cap ... Owner 

4. — Selling Race— Value ^2<)0, A liandiraj* for horses that 
have nm in raf-e No. tJ on the firs.t day. Entmnce J?ltl Distance 1| 
Mr. Kineey's ., Mniustay ... 9.2 ... White, blue Bjiots. blue cap ... DnlUn 

5.— CiTiL Sbrtigk Cup. — Value $260. A handicap for Selangor 
griffins that have run in race N*», I on the first day. Entrance $10. 
Distance 1| mile. 
Mr. MitcheltV .. Ringwood , . . iolu White* eer lee *ia»h, white cap ... Dalian 

6. — Sblanoob and Sunoibi Ujon j 8rAKKs Handicap.— Value 



A LaDdira]* fur horat's that have niu in ract- No. 4 oil the tirat 

ay. Eutraiit'e $10. Distauco 1 uiile. 

Mr. Ba«com\4 ... iDspirtitioti . . lO.Q ... Cho<x)late and ^Id quai*tered ... Smith 

7. — IntebmediA-te Stakes. — Yahie ^200. A handicap for horsed 

that have run in iiK-e Ko. 5 on the first day. Entrance $10, Bie- 

Mr* Mayuard's ... Bbick King" ,„ R4. ... Cerise and ^rey ... Dalian 
8. — A Pony Handicap.— Value $200, A handicap for all poinos 
that have run in race No. 7 on the first day. Entrance $10. Dis- 
tance R. C, 

Mr. Stewart'd ... Iris 11,7 .,, Oranife and white hoops ... CoUina 

9. — Handicap for Horses that have run in race No. 8 on the 
first day. Value i^^ir^O. Entrance $10, Distan<'e H furlongs. 
Mr* TanilioofMimy's .-, Mahiirani .. 11.7 . White, Miie stish ... Phillips 

Thied Bay, 

L — A CrErPFiN Handicap. — Value $200. For Sungei Ujong 
griffins that have ran at the meeting. En trance $10. Distniice 6 
Moaars. Bowen and Mowbray's .. . Riuifj^itirii . .. 11.7 ... Black, pink 

collar* cuffa and caps ... Mr. Qaliwey 

2. — Handicap for Ohiffinb that have run in race No. 1 on the 
first day. Value $200, Entrance $10. Distance 5 furlongs. 
Mefi«rs, Meikle and Holmes' ... Richmond haas ... 11.7 ... All scarlet ... Smith 

3. — A EoAPSTERs' CoNHOLATiON.— Value $150. A handicap for 
rondsters. Eid ranee $10. Distance II iiiile. 
Mr. Kinpr'^i ... Ayrshire ... 11.7 .. Olive green and salmon ... Mr. Ghirland 

4 — A HoRHE Consolation. — Value $200. A handicap for all 
horses that have nm and not won at ilie meeting. Entrance $10. 
Distiiuce R. C. 
Mr. Joaqmm'.s .-. Ti«»nl of the Isles .. 9.12 ... Light hlu© ... Smith 

5. — A Handicap. --Value $200. For pouieH that have run in riM^e 
No. 1 (2nd day). Entrance $10. DiKtance i mile. 
Messrs. Pike and Taylor's .,, Jan-:^ ... 10,0 ... Piirple^ yellow alecves 

and cap ... Smith 

6. — A Griffin CoNsor-ATTON.-Vahie $200. A handicap for 

Suugei (Jjong grithiis that have run and not won at thi* meeting. 
Entrance $10. Distance! mile, 

Mr. ywett<»nhaTn's ... laranK .,. 9.4 .. Green ... AKmat 

7.— A Griffin Consolation. — ^Value $200. A handicap for 
Selfljigor griffins tliat have run and not won at the nieetiiig. En- 
trance $10. Distance R. C. 
Mr. Swettenham's CiU*men ., 1L7 Green .,. PhilHpa 

8. — The Champion Stakes,— Vahie $250, A handicap for winners. 
A forced entry of $2.'*, unletis entered at \h*' date ♦>£ the closing of the 
entries, in which case the entrance fee will l^e $10. DiHtjiD*.^ R, C. 
Mr, Baacom*s ... Inapiratioa -. 10.11 ... Chooolatc & gold *|uartercMl .., Dalian 




k MEETING of Planters was heUl in Kuak Lumpur on TuesdaV 
y\ the 2yth inst,, in connet-^titin with, and for the election o 
/ officers for, tiie United Plant<^rK' Aseoeiatitm of the P«*derat4Ml 

^ Malay States. Rules for the AKsocnation were adopted, Mr. T, H, 
Hill was elected Chainnan, Mr. T4)m Oilison aw Sei^retary, and the 
following gentlemen to form the Comuiitlee — Mesfirs. Cann% C. Meikle, 
Qjbson, and Dougal (Selaugor), Messi-n, Wiekwar, J, Watgon and 
M. Cuuuuing (Sungei IJjong). Mr. Tji^eoh | Pahang), and Messrs. Darbj 
and Stephens (Perak). 

In the afterntMtu of the same day a large and representAtivn 
meeting was held at tlie Selangor 01uf> ft>r the purpose of preaentiiig 
the following addreBs to the Resideiit-Clenr^ral : 

*'To Feank Athelstane Swettenham, Esquire, cm. a., 

*• Resident -General of the Federated Malay States; 

** Sir, — We, the members of the United PlanterB' Association of the 
Federated Malay 8t4itei^, desire respectfully to convey to you the 
jdeasure and s^itisfaetiifn wliieh we have experieneed upon your 
appointment to the oftire of i]r«t Restdimt-Oeneral of flu* Federated 
Malay States, and the eonfidence with which we look forward to the 
fuHher advanii'meut of the interests of thos^^ States and to the 
devel«n>nient of their various resout ees under yoiu* advice and guidance, 

'* 2. Our confidence with regard ti> tlu' future, rest^^ upon our know- 
ledge of the success which has attended your administration of 
individual States inv many years past ; of the modes by which that 
success has been obtained ; of the principles which have guided you in 
your public career; and of the zeal and energy with which yon hate 
put those ]>rinciples into practice. 

"3. From an early period in your official life you ba\*e been asso- 
ciated with the Native States. It is 22 years since you were first called 
ui>on to assist in the administration of Penik, and within a few 
months yon l>ecame officially connected ivith the State of Selangor. In 
March. 1876, when British rule had been but t^cently inti\xluced into 
these States, you were ap|>i*inted Assistant Colonial Secretary for the 
Native States, and for the following live years you closely watched 
their early development. 

"4. In those days and for many years after* the prosperity of tlie 
country dejiended mainly upon its mineral wealth. But even at that 
early period, you foresaw that for this prosi>erity to continue, it was 
necessary that the agricultural resoiurces of tlie country should also be 
tested. Yon wei^e accordingly instrumental in encoui-aging some of 
the earliest attempts made by European |>lanters to grow coffee in new 
and unopened districts; a ptdicy which you cannot fad to look back 
upon with Rutisfat^ti' »n when you recollect that some of thi»»e first 
plantations have provcl but the iH^^inuings of a large and growing 

*• 5. Your experience nf this country has not l>een confined to 
administering its affairs from th? Straif** Settlements, but vou are 



pQii eBce d of a long and miequalled i»ersunal acrjuaintance witli the 
States which have nuw l>ecittne feUonih'd binder your guidaoce. In 
SeptemWr, 1882, you renewed your actiuaiulauce with the State of 
Selangor on l>eeonuDg British liesidfut and in that position you 
administered the GovernnieDt of tlie Btttte until March » 1884, a jtost 
which you once more held from January^ 18S*>, until 1889. 

'"6. To the liitter part of that adujinistration we look liauk with 
peculiar satisfaction; for» iu that period, every eueouragement was 
held out by you to planters and a ^^reat ini|»etuH was consequently 
given to agriculture in that State. 

'• 7. From 1881* t<> t!ie present year, yuu have, as British ReBident* 
administertxl the Government of Perak in accordani*e with the eanie 
lil>enil principles wliit h charuk'terised your previous nde in Selangor. 
ENiriug that time, the j>lautiiig of coffee, which bad alniust ceased in 
the northern State, was siieceHB fully resumed^ and it has now l>een 
proved that coffee jdautiug in the Native States is no longer mei^ely 
experimental hut an atjsured succese. For that success the planting 
interest, owes nuich lo you iii that you have so c< insistently seconded 
their efft>rts. hy providing r*«ids and railways and suitable means of 
oommunicatiou, and by the fairuenH and readiness with whicdi you 
have always striven Uy meet their n^juirement«. Nor has that lil>eral 
j;»oUcy been displaye<l in the matter of coffee planting only, for sugar 
planting and other agricultural interests, the support and maintenance 
of which are so necessary for the wtdfai'e of the native inhabitants, 
have found in you a ready helper. 

"8. By these means you have not only pcrmauently increased the 
revenues of the States, the Govermnents of which yv\i have uow^ been 
called upon to administer* luii you have stn^ured peace and contentment 
and a means i:>f livelihood for a settled and growmg poifulation. 

** 9. You have, on a reccut occasion, given the utmost pulilicity to 
the views which you hold tjf the value to this country of agriculture, 
and it is in no small measure due to your firmly expressed deteiTuina- 
tion to give every encouragement to planting that investors in coffee 
have, in spite of a st^vere fall in prices, still thought the industry w^ell 
worth their attention, as is evidenced by the recent important sale of 
land in Selangor. With your past career before us and with the 
ample indications which you have given us of jour policy in the future, 
we look forward with confidence to your sujiport, believing that not 
only our own interests but the affairs of the whole Federation will be 
wisely and Mberally dealt with, and that, from your unique knowledge 
of the history of this co\intry and of the nwds and requirements of its 
various inhabit an tti, its further happy and peaceful development and 
improvement will be asanred,** 

The Resident- General replied : 

"Mr. Hill and gentlemen: I ani very much gratiHed that you 
should liave thought Jit to present me with this addi^ss. As far as I 
can rememljer, it. is the first time that any body of Europeans have 
presented me with nu address, and it is not, perhajis, strange that I 
shoidd value an iiddress from men of my own country^ perhaps, rather 



more than tjom the jux^ple oi these parts; and I can assure you that 
there is no clsiijS and no Ixidy of men in tht' Native States that I 
Bhould vahie aii adtlresB from so niiu'li as from you. I can I'onjyfratulate 
you on having t^Iected Mr. Hill as Chairman of your united Aaaocia- 
tion, because, I tliink, the very fact of your having done so shows tliat 
you are in accord with me when I Bay that thei*e i^ nohody in the 
Malay States who is more fitted to occupy that post thau he is. I do 
not know whether yon expect me to miy anything to you» but the 
difficulty I find is not in Baying tilings, but in saying what ie little 
enough. It is extremely difhciilt to .stop talking I find, and I find, 
also, that h the case with some of my friends. But, if you will bear 
with me. there are one or two thiuga that I would like to say witli 
reference to your address, 

** You speak to nie as a class of planters, aud yet I am extremely 

flad t^ say that, in the n^ferences you have made in this address, yon 
o not, in respect of my official career^ simply state what aifecta 
vourBelvefi hut rather state tlie facts and places where my work has 
been. That I am very gla«l of. bin^ause, wherever my individual 
Bynvj>athie8 may be, I trj^ not to make tlieni evident as regards any 
I individual or even a« regards any class of individuals, and. though I 
I have a high iTgard for the work of planters, at the sanie time I do not 
wiah it to be supposed tliat niv affectitms arc set mort^ up<*n the planting 
interest than upon any other interest, I think that every G-overnnient 
officer sho^dd give every assistau'-e in his power to every legitinnite 
effort that is made by any man who is engaged in a feoiri<i/iffc enterprise 
that is likely to benefit the place where he is statiomnb Theivfore, 
when you say that my sympathies are with you, my svmi^athies are 
with everybody w!io will do anything at all f«>r the Ixmefit of these 
countries, because not only is it my duty to give that assistance, but it 
is my pleasure also, because I have no interest in the Native States 
personally myself, except in their ]>rosperity. 

" I think that the planting industry desenes the special consider- 
ation of Government otiicers for a very good reason indeed, and more 
so in these Malay States, |>rohably. than in iii<jst places. We cannot 
do anything at all without a populatir>n. I defy any man to make 
anything of any countrj^ unless there are some j.»eople in it* You can 
induce j>eople to come in to plant, or to mine, or to manufacture. I 
cannot imagine anyone coming here to sit down in the jungle to manu- 
facture ; that would l>e very improbable, indeed. But they can mine 
f in the jungle, and they can also jdant. If I am obliged to draw a 
distinction t)etween the planter ami the miner, evcrylKidy knows that 
the miner takes out of the count ry the capital that is in it ; he takes 
it out, sends it away, and leaves abstiluttdy nothing in its place ; and 
it appears to me that a planter does exactly the reverse. He comes to 
a j>lac^, and there is nothing of it of any value because we can count 
the jungle as valueless ; and he plants there his capital in something 
which is a pM-manent cultivation which will remain in a place. That 
ajipears to me almost the highest form of settlement that we can 
exf»ect, that people shonld come into a country and tuni the jimf^le 
into gardens, and gardens that will last. 



** It is II g-i^at pleaHiu**^ to me to see so mauy whit^ faces as there 
are in this room to-dav% lieeause there have V^ven planters before you ; 
roll know <|uite well that there have Ijeeii natives, who deserve very 
well indeed of us, who have planted. But they did not plant in the 
same way that you do. When I first fame to this place* for almost as 
far as you could see then^ wa« a cultivation hei-e just in this spot, 
Kimla Lumpur. But it was a cultivation of tai>ioea, Now, I do 
not think that is alt*>)^ether a ^ood eiiltivatitui tu curourapfr\ You see 
it was here, antl there is not ji vestige of it left, And t lie re w^as not a 
vestige of it left within, I should say, four or tive years after it was 
planted. You, geutlenien, Mr, Hill esperially, have l)e<'ii in tlie Malay 
States for a great deal longer tlian four or five years, and I trust that 
the estates thtit he iiml you havi* Wen sucee^siul in planting will liist 
certainly out my time and, I hope, out your own, and a good deal 
longer than that. That is really the difference between the |ilanting 
of EuroijM?ans, as far as I have seen it here, and the ji Ian ting <>f natives. 
They grow something for the moi«eut, iind, as a ride, they do not 
altogether leave a place better than they find it, sometimes they leave it 
worse. I hope the cnltivation you, gentlemen, are engageti on will 
always leAve a pla<.'e Ijetter than you found it, and, if we may look at 
what we may call the ueigblKniriug pk^'e. and that is Ceylon, that 
island almost exists «>n account of ptaTiting. What planters can do 
for a place withiuit any assistance fi*om mining at all eannot very well 
l>e shown letter tiain it can lie in Ceylon. A go^Kl many of you eonie 
from Ceylon with the Iwst traditions of Ceylon beliind yoo» and I 
tnist you will find in the Malay P*-iiiosnla a plaee for planting which 
will not lie secimd to that. It you do here anything like what yon 
have done in Ceylon, certainly the fact that my sympathies with 
planters ax^e great will be greatly justified. 

" I was once in this very plaee, I believe, engaged upon a Commis- 
sion which would have interested y^ju, because it was a Commission 
with reference to laboiu'; and I imagine that, without lalijour^ the 
planter cannot exist. And I heard a distinguished official asked what 
his opinion was as betwec^u the minor and the jdanter, and he said that, 
in the view" of the Government, the man who paid the most taxes was 
the man whom the tTovernment most regarded. Now, gentlemen, I 
venture to differ with timt opinion. I do not think it is a good opinion, 
even. What has been done in the Maliiy States so far, it is true, has 
principally come from the work of tlie miner, and nolx)dy has got a 
higher regard foi* the efforts that he lias made than I have. You will 
pardon me if I do not say anything moi*e about it now, and I trust 
that» if anybody who is a miner hears that I have l>een drawing a com- 
parison l)etween him and the plant^^r, lie won't run away with the idea 
that I think nothing of him hccau^e T have nut spent the afternoon 
talking alxmt him, because, tm any other occasitai, I am <|uite prepared 
to speak alnrnt the miner and say all that he has dinie for the Native 
States, probably fv>r ([uite as loiig as he is prepared to listen to it. 
But, gentlemen, I think that you w^<ui*t ask me t*) say any more tliau 
what I luive told you already, that th*/ juain diffei-ence, it appears to 
me, between the uiiiier and the planter is that> though we owe a gi*eat 



deal of what hiuj betm done in the Native States to the efforts of the 
miner, he, still, htis taken out of the Native States oiir t-apitfth and I 
hope now that you will ho able to put intn the Native StateB cpjite as 
much as he haw taken uut and keep it there. I beHeve that most of 
you, jsTeutleraeB, who are iiero are mtereated in coffee. You have aaid 
a great many thioj^^y aliout me and siljout what I have done, and I do 
not feel liiirt tltat there is something that I did that vuu have not 
eeooierated iji this paper, because you. j>robablv, do not know that 1 
did it. I l>elieve I am responsible for the inirodu^tiou hi these latter 
dftjB of the cultivation of tx^p|)ej' into Ffnik. Thev may have culti- 
vated pepper there hefore. That I do not Icnow. But I do know 
this, that, in regard to the pepper that there is in Pemk at the present 
time, I took a great deal t»f trouisle to iutrodoce the cultivation by 
sending to Acheen two pet>ple who imderBtood it, and by getting plants 
there. And the natives took it up as a congenial i>ccupation and I 
trust that it will do H^>me good. Bui there are mnuy otiier things 
that you can cultivate as you aO know quite well. I see a gentleman, 
who is sitting over thei-e, who lij-aud-by is going to itdtivate 
coconuts* and w^e know that ro( <jniits, if they are properly cultivated, 
may \^ a source of considerable profit. I trust that he will succeed. 
Ally fonn of cultivation that is lasting and which will pay, I think is 
to be encouraged l*y the Government. 

**Aijd I should like in any dealings with you, individually or 
collectively, that we shall quite undcrtttand that you are not philan- 
thropists, that it is not your desire t4> come aiid form a soi t of jdanting 
missionary society in the place. I recognise that you came here to try 
to make a hving, and that if you cannot make a living, it is not a good 
place to stay in. And it seems to me that it is mther a mistake for 
Government officers, as they sometimes do, to look u[*on a man liecause 
he loves to make a hving in the Ijest way he can, and to make the 
largest profit that he can, to suppose that he is thereV*y doing some- 
tiling he ought not to do, that it is some form of crime. If you do not 
cultivate to a profit, it is perfectly clear you do not stop here, and, if 
we lose you, I tliink it will he our loss, aud that of every man who hivs 
the interest of the Native States at heart. And I trust that the 
Government official must be, before all people, the most interested, 
because, if there is no money to pay his salary, he cannot stay either. 
Therefore, the more jiroEt you make, not only the moro profit to him 
but the more honour and glory, l>ecauBe I have known, in a way, even 
Government otficers to take credit to themselves, and to hear one point 
out an eistate and say what a fine estate it was, you would almost 
believt he was the owner of it. Well, now, gentlemen, I think, 
thei^ore, that, in any dealings we have, we should quite recognifie the 
po«ition, that you want to do the beat you can for yourselves ; and, if 
you are dealing with me, I want you to do the beet you can, provided 
it does not hurt anybody else. 

"Tliat is the whole position; Ivecause, esj^ciaily w*ithin the last 
twelve months, I have had a good mauy dealings with individuals, aud 
a few with societies of individuals, companies, and people (»f that 
kind, and it is extiuordinaiy what a ver\- high value an individual will 



put npon himself, and it is Tery remarkable what a very low value all 
the other people put oe him. And where a man, as he is quite apt to 
do, and which it ia quite natui-aJ he shouhl, tells me \\\m extra*>rdi- 
mtrilv badly he is treated and what an exetXHlingly got^l officer he is — 
if I only dared to say to him: 'If y^ni ^> outside and ask the other 
people, when ym\ are round the corner and they do not see yon, to say 
what they think of yf)u/ he wouM prolialily have adijferent opinion of 
his own eapa«-Mty. But sooiehwly sti^tfested, ihki other da^y^ that the 
reports of a department shouUl be written liy another department. 
The man who wrote that had evidently I>een round the corner himself, 
and had heard aoniethint,' of what I have heard. I can assure you I 
very often wish, when the claims of individuals are pressed upon me, 
tliat they could only bear wbat other individuals think about them^ 
lM\muse I am perfectly certain I always think a ^^reat deal better of 
them than the people who have not got the settliD^^ of their grievances. 
I say that localise the step from tlie individual to the collective 
Bociety is not very far, and. if an individual is souietimes difficult to 
deal with, a company is far worse; because a C(mi|)any rlamntirs for its 
profit, its Hfe, and its dividends, and there are j»eo]>le who have never 
seen the Native States who are much intert^steil in a company, and 
they eanm^t understand why they cannot have something exactly as 
they wish to have it ; and if their interests hapfw^n to clash w^th 
yours, as they sometimes d<i, that is a matter wbicb does not concern 
tliem tlie least bit in the wt»rld. I very often wish also, with reference 
t^ the companies, that tliey could only hear what the other companies 
have to say about their interests and claims, U^cause what I have to 
Bay to them would scrm like the veriest milk and water, because, at 
present, it seems that I taki^ the hardest view c»f what tbcy want. 
Now, gentlemen, you will understand what the application of that is, 
I trust that in your corporate capacity, when you ap]»roaf'li me and 
want something for the planting interest, you will rt^meinl>er I am 
most anxious to meet you if you do not injure somebody i4se*s interests. 
I say that not l>ecause I happen to be here auil I am going to say 
sometlung else downstairs or to the man round the corner. The 
planter is a reasona1>lc I icing, more so than a company, we will say, 
of miners, Ijeeause I have had some uujjleasaut exiierieoces of what 
miners think ought to i»e done for them. But I only ask you to 
rememl»er that I shall always he glad to do anything that I can to 
meet even'' reasonable wish of yours, in fact, not only glad. It is my 
earnest desire to help you to succeed in whatever y<ni may wisli t^> do, 
provided that your request is reasonable, and that it won't liurt 
ftomelwjdy else. 

" I saw in a new8paf>er, the i»ther day. a statement that if coffee 
would succeed, a large number of pt^tple would hke to invest in it. I 
dare say yon can say very much l>etter than I can whether coffee is 
hkely to 8UC4*eed here, but I should like to read this to yon. HeniMS a 
newspaper, and this is an extnu*t. It says, * Among the siglits in the 
Perak Mu.seum' — and you know that Perak is not a principal plant- 
ing place—* mention may be made of some partit-ularly welbmred 
Liberiiin coffee from an estate near Gropeng, contriliuted by Mr. F. D, 



lOsboni^/ — X do not know whether he is here ; I am sony if he k 
not here, in order that he may have heard it, — * This coffee has been 
fett'hiaii,' a l*ctter price in Singaixjre than any other produce on the 
estates. The high value placed on it is due to it« colour and not to 
anv superiority of the bean.* And tht*re is some more alwut Liberian 
coffee. Now I lielieve myself tliat you are engageii in the cuhivation 
of LiliM3nan coffee, and I should like to tell you -I think it was in the 
year 1887 — I was in London, and I had sent some Arabian coffee that 
had beeo grown in Perak to some brokers in London, and thev Baid it 
was as ^kkI as the best coffee that had ever been seen in LundoD. 
They said it was worth a very high price indeed. It was sold, and it 
feti'h*.^! as high a price as any coffee that had ever been sitld in England 
Tliat, I think, shows that coft'ee of that daes can L^ grown here. I do 
not miy with profit ; but it can be grown ; you can grow gt>od ooffae. 
They said to ine, at the same time, that they had seen a certain qo&ntity 
of Liberiau coffee that had come trom the Straits Settlements, and 
they said : * If you have got any influence in the Malay States at aU, 
whatever yon do, use it to stop people planting Liberian euffee.' They 
said : * It is not worth growing in the lirst place, nobody will have itj 
and though it has a fairly high price at present, that price wi>n*t 
continue for more tlian a C4?rtain number of months, and thon it will 
come down to almost nothing at all. and it will nun all thu peopU* 
who tried to grow it.' You, probably, know whether Unit was a 
successful pniphecy or not. PnDphecies are daagenjus things there is 
no doubt. But, qnitt* the other day, a distinguished fondgaer, who 
was in my h<nis^, dnink some coffct\ iUid offered io give me a certifi- 
aate to say it was quite the l^eat he had ever dnuik in his life in any 
country in the world ; and, when I came to make encj nines . I found it 
was Lil>erian coffee, and diat it had lieeu grown m Sungei Ujong. 
Therefore, I think you may say that, as regards climiUe and the 
capability t^i grow c*»ffee, tltat is quite assur^, A» to whether the 
price, as it is at present, or is likely to go to, will pay you, tliat is a 
matter on which you know a great deal l»etter than I do, and I 
imagine that, if you thought it was not likelv to work out well, you 
would prol*ably take t<i something else. S|>caidng of prophecy* I do 
not think I sliijuM like to prophesy myself, but T never trie«l to mikk^ 
a prophecy that was worth putting away for three years, because it 
would not have read well afterwards,* But I think, rwiUy, that^ 
thougli I am not a planter, I can venture to say evfn now, if ycwx plant 
c*>ffee on good ground, it will giow, and if you plant it tm very bad 
ground, it won't. Now, gentlemen, I do not think. r»*alh\ then? ia 
anything more that I can say to you, I am very n u 

for bearing with me for so long, and extremeh t 

doing me tlie high honour you have done me to-da\ ; t* !» 

as you know my sentiments with reference tn VMir ii 'ii» 

int^^reeta of all the peojile that are resident in • ly 

necessary I should say anvthing more to yiiu lii , 

of any service to yau in any legitimate way, it wiU aJ v 
pleasure to me." 

No. 18.— Vol. V.—Ufh May. 1897. 






E imdorslaiul that Mr. C. H. A. Turuey, Stniur Dititri^t Offiivr, 
iR retiriiij^ from the service ou pension. Mr. Tunu^y joined 

the Cobaial Sei-viee in 1873, and at tlie end of the following 
Year was transferred to tlie Sehmgor Service j bin official rt*cord of 
service in Selangor i« as follows; Treasurer, Klang, Pee,, 1874; 
Magistni.t.e, KLtng. June, 1875; Acting Collector and Magistrate, 
Klang, tJlu and Knalu Langat, 187^^ ; C^lleck>r und Magietrate, 
Kkng, May, 188tJ ; ditto Kuala Langat, Jan., 1882; ditto Kuak 
Selangon Jan., IHSIJ ; Treasurer, Feb.* 1884; also act^nl na Chief 
Magistrate and Cominissinnur uf Landw, Selangnr; Seniur Difitrii-t 
Officer and Asst. Indian Iinmigmtion Agent, Khing» Aug.* 1884; 
Senior District Officer, Kii:da Langat, Sejit. 3rd, 181)2, 

Mb, Kihkwo(hj. Legal Adviser to the Ja|ianese Ooverunient. ia at 
pre*fent a visit^ir at the EcHidency. He 18 inspecting the sehooln, 
public institutions, and Grovernment Offices and workshops. 

3iBS. Blbch left Selaugor, after a foi-tnight*** visit here, ou the 2nd 
inst. Mr, H. O, Maynard left on the s^inie date en mutt*, for Europe ; 
leaving Singujiore, by the Freneh mail, in company with Mr. H. 
Spearhig and Mr. W. McD, Mitchell : we helieve this is the lirst visit 

home of the latter gentleman for something like teventtM-^n years. 

Mr. aud Mrs, St. Leger Parsons left for Europe on the lOth inst. 
Mr. Parsons will return in three months' time. 

Mb. R. C. Grey, Afisistant Secretary to Government, Perak* has 
been appointed District Officer, Ulu Sclangor. Mr. O. F* Stonor has 
been appointed Assistant D. 0., Serendah, but will continue to mii as 
D. Ov. Ulu Langat, Mr. C ^. Maxwell succeeds him as Assistant 

Auditor, but contiuuea to act as Assistant D. O.* Sungei Besi, Mr. 

4uted Assistant D* O., Kuala Lumpur. Mr. 

ingor, has passed the higlier standard in 
'>u. Cadet, has passed the !<jw^er standard. 


The Masonii! Ball, tu be given by the Masons of Selangor, will 
be held on Wednesday next, the 9th inst., at 9 p.m. 

We hear that the clock for the Government Offices k>wer has 
arrived from England, and may soon be doing public dnty, to the 
immense convenience of all. 

A Challenge has lieen retM^ived l\v the Selaiigor Cliil> from the 
Perak cricketers to play a match at Taipiug at Whiisnntide, There 
is every probability uf Selangor beinj^ able to pnt an exceptionally 
strong team m the tiehb 

A FINE lot of photographic views of Kiiahi Lumpur^ by Meesrs. 
Lamliert and Co., of Singapore^ may be seen on appMcation t>o Mr* 
A. U. Bligh» who will give all information as to pric« of unmounted, 
mounted and franie<i copies. There are several excellent views of the 
new Government Offices included in the series, as well as eome 
panoramic views of the town. 

Depositoks in the Government Savings Bank ai*e reminded that 
deposit books must \n^ presented for the purpose of verification in the 
month of June. 

The Rules of the United Planters' Association, F.M.S., have been 
printed, and may be obtaiued on application to the Secretary, Mr, 
Tom Gibson, Klang. 

The Selangor Fire Brigade gave an exhibition wet drill on Thurs- 
day evening. The Acting Britisli Resident was pi^sent, with Mr. 
Kirkwoijil, the Judicial Commissi^mer and sevei-al other gentlemen aa 
well as several ladies. Previous to commencing the drills, Mr. 
Belfield, in an apprfipriate and complimentary speech, presented the 
long-seiTiee me4al to Inspector Wood, who has been a member of 
tho S. F, B. for over 10 years. The prograuiuu^ included the one- 
man steamer drill ; two-men steamer drill ; three-men reeband* 
hydrant drill ; three- men eseapedatlder drill ; and concluded with 
the four-men steamer drill, in which the engine wa« got to work 
with four branehes, the four deliveries being afterwards collected 
into oUL- (1] inch nozzle) of gruat iK)Wer, through which a Urge 
stream of water was driven to a great height. The drills were all 
gone through in a workman-like manner, showing the careful and 
efficient trainii)g the Brigade ia receiving from Chief Officer Bellamy, 
to whom great credit is due for the fine performance. 




^^^H SfiLANoOB Club Billiai-dH 



Ibt Round. 


H a Phillips... 

... +ao 


C. Glover ... 

+ 30 

145 ticoro ^^| 

^M C. C. Thompsaii 

. -f4^j 


W. T. Cook ... 

+ 110 


■ J. W, B. Ogle 

.., +90 


E. C. Crick 

+ 50 


^M J. A. Chichester 

... +130 


P. Hoftner ... 

+ 110 


H H. TregaHhan 



E,J. Ro^' ... 

— 20 


2nd Round. 


^H Cummiug , . . 

... +40 



+ 100 

183 score 1 

^H Chichester ,.. 

... +1^0 



+ 60 

seratcheil ^^H 

H Djke8 

... +tjO 



+ 60 

217 score ^^H 

■ Hewi^^II ,, 

.,. +50 


+ 30 

sc ratchet! ■ 

^1 Nicholiiij 

... +70 



151 score ^^B 

^M 8everu 



^rnitch 234 ^^| 

^^H McCloiskv ... 

.. +70 


A. Bntler .., 

+ 70 

scratched ^^H 

^^V I>o^^ 

, . ^50 



+ 120 

212 score ^^H 

^K Thomps^m ... 

... +40 

K< >nnau 

+ 80 

228 „ V 

H Kevl 

. . +50 



+ 90 

215 . 1 

^H Neuhrouner. . . 

.. -70 



+ 50 

204 „ I 

■ F. E. Maynara 

. . +70 



+ 20 

245 ^m 

■ O^Hara 

., +80 

■ ^ 


+ 80 

scratched ^^H 

^M Sanderson «.. 

... +70 




165 score ^^M 

^H Kel^L'hker ... 




+ 90 

223 „ ^% 

^M Fisher 

... +70 




172 ., 1 

l^RD KuUND. 


^H Severn 




+ 70 

2a4 score I 

^H Nicholas 

... +70 


Chichester ... 

+ 130 

224 „ 1 

H Fitihtn- 

.., +70 



+ 00 

249 „ ■ 

^H Mayiiard 

.,. +70 


Doiul .. 

+ 50 

241 „ 

^H Cummiu^ . 

. +40 



scmtch 201 ,, 

H Kejt 

. +50 



+ 50 

2U2 „ 

^H Thunips-^oii 

+ 40 


Ncnbronner ... 


211 ,. 

■ O^Ham 

... +80 



+ 70 

247 ., 

4'rH Round, 

^H Severn 

, . . ttcmteh 



+ 40 

2'4'i aoij)-e 

^H NieholiUi 

... +70 



+ 80 

240 „ 

H Kevt 

,., +50 



+ 70 

205 ., 

^M Thompstiu ... 

... +40 



+ 70 

236 „ 

5th Round. 

^H Nicholas 

... +70 



+ 50 

227 (icore 

^B Severn 

. . . scratch 



+ 40 

241 ., 

0th j 

ktiD Last Round, 

^^^^^^H Severn, scratch, has to meet Nicholas 

+ 70 




The re^tilar monthlv meetbg of the Cotumittee of the Selaogor 
Club WH« helil QB Sutiirdav, the 8lh iiist., Mt'Sars. C. E. F. Sunderson 
(Vic€'Preskknt), L, Duugal A. C. Harpt^r, W, Nicholas, H. C. Paxou 
and J. Russell. Dr. E. A. O, Travers und Mr, A. R. BHgh (6Vrre/ary), 
being preseut. The followijig gentlemen were elected membei's of the 
Chib, Mt'SBrs. A. Arnold, J. G. Br<*wniiig, B, W, Grc^y, W, De Souza 
and E. W, Ti*oneiKll. Suhject to their acceptance* the following 
gentlemen w**re appointed tci form the Yarious an b- commit tees,* 
Finunce, Messrs, Ramsay, Trotter and W. E. Venning; Crickei^^ 
MessrB* A. B, Hubbaek {CaiiUtiff), Bagniili, Dougal, E. W. Neubronncr 
and Captain Tiilbut ; Fooibail. Messrs. W. W. Cook {Capfaln). W, 
Mell, Grabam, Lake, F. H. Lott and Roe; Reddimi Rof*m, Messrs. 
Arnold, J. Brown and IVegartlien ; Billinnh, Me»sr«. Ketsohker, 
Severa and TiTgarthen ; Eriieriainmeniii, Messrs* A, S. Baxeiidale 
and Severn, Dr. Travers and Ca]jtain Talbot ; Tennis, Messrs. E. W. 
Neubronner, 8haw and Trotter, 

The work of adding to the verandah of the Selangor Club brought 
to light the im pleasant fact that nearly the whole of the wood-work 
of the building was in a shea king t*on<lition through white ants and 
dry rot. The i>iittiug in of sound timber where necessary has delayed 
the completion of the addition to the verandah, and will mean an 
exi>ense that had not l>een contenij)late<l. However, it is a fortunate 
thing that the state of many of the post^ and beams was discoverwl, 
otherwise a l^ad aceident might have resulted at any moment. Wlien 
the front vei-aiulah is completed it will effect a great improvement to 
the Club, and cjuite make up for the diacomforta which memliers have 
had to put up with during ''ivpairs and alterations." What with 
these, and the desolate appearance of the nnturfed and dug- up cricket 
ground, the Selangor Club and its surroundings have not of late 
presented a charming appearance. 

A MEETING of Uie Museum Committee was held on the 30th ult,, 
Captain Syers {Chairman}, Mr. L. B. Von Ikmop (StcrtUtry), nud 
Messrs. J. Eusaell, C. E. F. Sanderson and A. R. Venning l)eing 
present. The Committee were informed i>y letter from the Govern- 
ment Secretary that Mr. L- Wray, the Curator of the Pemk Museum. 
will shortly visit Selangor for the purpose of reporting on the Museum 
collection. The meeting were informed that Mr. R. W. Duff liad 
kindly consented to collect sj^ei'imens for the Museum. A special VQte 
of thanks Ut Mr. W. W, Skeat was pitssed for the interestiog colleetiou 
of models, etc., presented to the Museum. The Committee acknowledge 
with thanks the receipt of the following additions during the month of 


Murch: From Mr. Von Dunop, a copy each <>t' the first isHiie of the 

Malay Mail ami the Chinese Daily News, the Kong iSV<? Boo Puej 

Mr. L. La«ainis, a rare fungus ; Mrs. An eh ant, a leaf insect. 

N 11 inber of viei tors dnriBg mouth ,., 1,703 

Previously ,., 4,351 

Total far 1896 to date 


AirwuAL Reports, 1896.— The following items are from the 
departmental reports of tlie State, 

Police. — The total force at the end of the year was 50 L exeluai^^e of 
Europeans. The total expenditure, 3?153»025.28 ; total number of 
offences report^, 9^612 ; dieooyered, 5,856 ; persons arrested, 6,428. 
Mr, Wagner took charge of the Police in September, 

CourU. — The total niim1x*r of cat%e>t heard was 9,580 (criminal, 
7,205 ; civil, 2,375) ; there were 207 inquests ; three conyictiuus for 
murder, and one j*erson hanged. The revenue was $28,913.56. During 
the jear a Judicial ComuiiaKiouer was appointed, and a<ivocate8 were 
allowed to plead in his ancl the Chief Magi.stmte*8 Courts. Mr. 
Berringtou left, on prnmotiou in Jidy, and Mr. B. G. Watson waa 
appointed Chief Magistrate. 

PrtMfis. — Commitmente^ 2,689 (civil, 228; criminal, 2, 4t51) ; six 
women were convicted during the year (fiye Chinese and one Tamil) ; 
re-cunvictions, 483 ; escapes, 1 ; deaths, 74 ; suicides, 2 ; 1^3,539.50 was 
earned as revenue by prisoners' labour. Health of the prifioners waa 
ussatisfuctorv throughout the year, beri-l>eri being prevalent. Captain 
Talbot took over eharge of the Prison from Ca|itaiu Syers in 

PttHs and Teh^raphB, — Correepon deuce 'general traffic showed an 
increase of 18 per cent. ; commission un money (irders, 4 per cent, j 
collections uti taxed letters 14 j>er cent, ; receipts on telegmms, very 
small increase. The Superintendent writes: *' The receipt of so very 
few complaints, aa was the case during the past year, instead of 
}mng a matter of congratulation is a serii>us difficulty whtth has to 
hii contended with by the Postal Dei>aHment. More than half the 
complaints I received were made to me in the course of eonfideutial 
conversatiou and generally with the retpiest that I should do nothing 
in the matter, I have to own that I invariably failed to comply with 
tius request,"* 

Selan^or Fire Brujade. — Total strength at end of year, one Chief 
Officer, one Hon* Sur<Hvtn. three Lieutenants, one Insp^ei-tor, one 
Engineer, one Se«c»^ remenf one Stoker and 5 Call Boys, and 



the appliauwB at disposiil wt-a- <»ik' Kteam lire i^ng'me (StJO gaUongj, 
three hose reels fiilly fitk*tl, two Kelly'ti patent «lidmg kd<lera on 
whtfjfi. t)iio hose-aud -ladder eart fully fitted, and aiiil>ulaii<'e Ik>x and 
Htivtflier. Twi> fires oceurred during the veur, at Pudi>h in Ftd>ruary 
and in Old MarLet BquHre in May, The Chief Officer writes that the 
work doue haw been satisfai'tory and unostentatiously performed. 

Fuhlic Gardentt.- Expenditure* i>4,968.22. A plant house has 
lieen built and partly filled with palms and pot plants, and a flower 
jifarden is being laid out round ihf houiie. The golf links have been 
maintained and improved. An additional 20 acres of lalang waa 
taken into rid ti vat ion. 

The Chairman of the Jubilee celebration \ms addressed the 
following eirenlar letter to the Distriet Officers : 

' Dear Sir, — After due coni^idenilion it has been decided to hold 
the festivitien in connection witli the celebration of the tiOth Anniver- 
»iivy of the Accession of Her Majr'sty Qiiecu Victoria at Kuala Lumpur 
only» as it ik felt that a fai' more eft'ective diH]*lay can l>e made hy con- 
centrating our energies here, in the centre of the State, than by 
hoMing separate fetes in each district. 

'* This l*eing the case, tlie Diamond Jubilee Committee hope that 
all who possibly can, Europeans and Natives alike, will avail them- 
S5elves of the opportunity to visit Kuala Lumpur on the occasion, 
where Sports and Recreation to .suit all clasHCK of the Communitv will 
be provided. 

*' 1 enclose copies of the programme as settled, and would ask you 
to 1m? so good as to give it what publicity you can and to make the 
sub.'itance of it known among the Native population in your district, 

** I would al84:> inforiu you that the follow iug gentlemen have lieen 
authorised by the Finance Sub-Comiuitti^ to colliHrt subscriptions in 
the out-stations : — 

" Captain China from the Chinese ; 

'* Mr. Tambutfamy Pillai from the Tamils, Iudia^> Mahi»Tumedan8 
and thi* Clietty Community ; 

•' Euja I/iuit from the Makiys ^ 

** Mr. Martinus and Mr, Oooiiewai*dhana from the Singhales* 

" Mr. Robson from Europeans*. 

*' It is ho{>ed tlmt you will allow your mune to l»e added to the 
General Committee and that yon will use your infl\ience to advance 
the iibjcct we have in view and will j^ive us your asdstam^ in obtaining 
siibscriptions in your district. 



I may atM that the Railway Bepartineiit will offer special facili- 
ties to residents in the aut-stationa during the festivities." 

The fcdlowin^ is the Programme for the Celebration of the 
Diamond Jubilee at Kuala Lumpur: — 

Saturday » 19th June, 3 p.m. — Bullock Cart parade; 5 p.m. ^—Carriage 
parade ; 9 p. ni.— Water Fet-e, Sydney Lake, 

Sunday, 20th June. — Day of thanksgiving io all places of worship ; 
3 p.m. —Flower Show. 

Monday, 21st June, 7 a.m.— Pamde of the Malay States Ouidea 
at 7 a.TU. and Salute fired at noon; 8 a.m.— Sports; 4 p.m.— 
Gymkhana; 9 p.m.— Fauey Dress Ball in Clovemment Oflicea; 
Malay Fete : Native Wayaugs» etc, 

Tuesday, 22nd June, 7 a.m. — Sports; 8 p.m. — Childreu*8 FHe; 
6-9 p.m. — ProeeBsions ; 9 p.m. — Fiit* Brigade Demonstration ; 
10 p.m.— Fireworks. 

Out of the General Committee the following Sub-Coininitteea have 
been appointed : 


For Collecting StrBscRiPxtoNS and Foit DrjtECTiNn the Financial 


Mr. A. J. W. WatkiuH, ChairmtnK 

Mr. Ridges, Hon. Tremurer P. M. S. Comerapa Chetty 

Mr. Robson Haji Malmmed Ali 

Mr. Tambooeamy Pi Hay Mr. Loke Chow Kit 

Mr. Tamby Abdullah Mr. Nicholas 

The Captain China Mr. Lim Tua Tow 

Towkay Loke Yew Raja Laut 
Mr. L. Do II gal 

PEOCEasioKs Sub-Committee. 

The Captain China, Chainnan. 

Towkay Loke Yew Haji Mahomed Ali 

I Tamby Abdullah Mr. Loke Chow Kit 

Mr. Tambuosamy Pillai Mr. S. Yalhipillay 

Mr. Lim Toa Tow Mr. Letchman 

|Saja Bot Shaik Meydie 

Raja Laut Ismail Gunny 

P. M, S* Comerapa Chetty Gurbaksh Singh 




Illuminations, Fireworks, and Decorations Sub-Committsk. 
Mr. C. E. Spooner, Chairman. 
Mr. A. J. W. Watkins Mr. Letchinan 

Mr. Tiuiiboosamy Pillai Mr. Fernando 

The Captain China Mr. C. E. F. SandersKm 

Mr. Loke Chow Kit Towkay Loke Yew 

C^iptain Syers 

Sports Sub-Committee. 
Mr. L. Dougal, Chairman. 

The Captain China 
Towkay Loke Yew 
Mr. Loke Chow Kit 
Mr. E. Cameron 
Haji Mahomed Ali 

Mr. Cumming 

Mr. C. E. Spooner 

Mr. C. Severn 

Mr. Tamboosamy Pillai 

Mr. E. W. Neubronner 

Mr. E. V. Carev 

Mr. C. Meikle 

Carriage Parade 

Water Fete 

Ground Committee. 
Mr A. J. W. Watkins Mr. C. E. F. Sanderson Mr. C. Severn 
The following gentlemen will be responsible for carrying out those 
p()rtii)ns of the programme opposite which their names appear : — 

( Mr. H. F. Bellamy 

Bullock Cart Parade . . . | Tamby Abdullah 

( Mr. Ttunboosamy Klku 
( Dr. Travers 
*" ( Mr. G. Browne 
/' Mr. A. R. Venning 
\ Captain Syers 
*" i Mr. G. Browne 
f llaja Laiit 
/ Mr. A. R. Venning 
\ The Rev. F. W. Hainei 
' Mr. E. V. Carey 
Mr. Tamboosamy Pillai 
Towkay Loke Yew 
[ Mr. C. E. Spooner 
I Mr. A. J. W. Watkins 
... < Mr. E. W. Neubronner 
I Mr. A. K. E. Hampshire 
I Mr. C. Severn 
f Captain Svers 
J Mr. E. J. Roe 
"J The Captain China 
[ Tamhy Abdullah 

!' The Rev. F. W. Haines 
Mr. J. Russell 
Mr. H. F. Bellamy 
, The Rev. C. Letessi^r 

Flower, Fniit, and Vegetable Sh(>w. 

Fancv Press Ball 

Native Wayangs and Malay Fete 

Children's Fete 



TN Hpit+i \A tbe milveri!**:* critic i«m with wliJih the Sanitary Bi^ard have 
I frtnu time to time V^is^n assaile*.!, t here ran be but one opinion as to 
\ tlitur jKilicv in endeavonriu^ to t^*_4 rid of lowo refuse on the iK^st 
^ known scientific principleB ; and while it is yet pmmatu re to announce 
the complete succesfi of the new Incineiutor recently erected by them on 
the Petaliu*,' Hills, by tlieir action they have shown themselves to be 
well to the fore on a quefttion which has long bei.m exercising the minda 
of aanitary and mwiiicipal authorities throughout India and the East. 

In En^^dand tlie old ** tilliu^-in " pi^actice has been proved to be so 
detrimental Uj the pulihe healtli that it lias long ago been officially 
condemne*], and we remcnil>er, &ome three or four years ago, our own 
health officer writing Htrongly agains^t the pi-actice of fiUiiig-in land 
with refuse. 

In a country like this, where the charat'ter of the refuse and the 
CM>nditionB of the climat4^ are 8uch tliat decomposition setsi in in a few 
hours and dit^ease-gcrms are rapidly developed, iiicinenition* to be 
thoroughly effc^'tive, must not ^vuly conHume tlie mitt^^rial compri8ing 
the rulibish Init must als<* destroy all the vafiours and noxious gases 
emauatiug therefrom, otherwise they escape into the air carrying with 
them whatever diHeaHe-germn they may coutaiu and l>ecome a consta^nt 
menace to the health (tf th«^ people. Mi'ssrB. Garlick and Christiansen, 
the patentees, claim that these etmilitioiis arc fullilled by their 
iuciiierator, and judging by the success tliat has attended the erection 
of a three-furnace installation for the Bi>ml>ay Municipality by them, 
eonstruct4»fl on precisely i^imihir Unes to those we ai\j describing, it is 
not ant icipu ting too much to beheve that success will also attend the 
erection of the Kuala Lumpur Incinerator. 

The loriueratui" UK-attnl on the Petaling Hills is a three-fnmac^e 
instji,l!aliou, but the most costly part of the structure and machinery ^ — 
viz,, c[uniut*y; blast lieLitt-r, blower, engiuc and hoiler— are all i>f a 
size suitable for an installatiiiu of six. so tbat the building of the second 
three furumes. when lequired, will metm very little extra ei|)enditure. 

The furiuices 'aw^ of a peculiar but simple i oust met icm, and measure 
12ft. xBft. X 12ft. high to soffit of the arch which fomis the roof. 

The exposed j>ortiou of the masonry is, of eoiirst>, lii-ebrick, laid 
in fireclay, and cast-iron fire liars, laid at an angle of 8" and Ao" respec- 
tively, support the refu.-ie. Tlie feeding doors ai'e situated near the top 
of the furnace at the level of the concrete receiving platform iJ{K>n 
which the rubbish carts are tipped. 

The refuse falls directly on t^ the furnaces and partial desiecation 
by means of a hot blast t^kes place l)efore it is actually destroyed. 
The blower which feeds the blast is callable of delivering 10,000 c. ft. of 
lur per minute and is driven by a direct acting steam engine. The 
boiler is a 6 h.p. loco, type, tested to IBt) lb for 90 lb pressure, to which is 
attached a direct acting feed pimi|> of 50% more power than is 
actually required to easily feed the boiler. 

The air is driven by the fan int^j what is called the blast chamber 
and from this chamlier it passes through a series of heiited iron tul)eB 
laid kovisiou tally in another closed chamber. During its transit through 



the tubes the air gets heated to about 700^ Fahr. aud in this heated 
state is forced throiijudi opeuiiig« in the bottom ol" the fnmat^*« acting 
an a blast of hi|^4i teEiperature. It dries the refuse rapidly and thus 
accelerates its combustion and in turn it also gets itself raised in 
temperature. The beat in the furnaces is estimated U> W' about 1,500"' 
Fahr. and it is sufficiently high to reduce with extreme rapidity wet 
refuse and animal matter. The heated air from the furnaces loaded 
with the gaseous products of combustion passes from the k*p8 of the 
furnaces into the closed chamber containing the horizontal pi[>es round 
about which it plays, thus heating them, and is thence discharged into 
the external air in the form of a brownish and at times a whitiBh 
vaporous smoke. Tlie principle therefore upon which the incinenitor 
is worked is as follows: Air heated to alwit 700- Fahr, is forced into 
fumaoes of a certain construction and it tends to faciMtate thelnirning 
of the refuse the ignition t^f which raisii.'s the heat inside the furnace; 
the gaseous pi-oducts of conibustiou^ with the heated and rarefied air, 
passes from the furnaces into the chamlH^r containing the iron pipes, 
wliich get lieatcd in their turn and tinal ly disrharge thtmi selves into the 
external air through a chimney. There are side-doors to the furnaces. 
Stokers rt^gulate the admission of tlie heated air, also rake up the 
burning refuse frcno time to time and remove the ashes and oilier solid 
residual matter which falls into the pits of the furnaces. The residue 
after Imriiing is al>out lOj^ of the total tpiantity incinerated. Of the 
gasec-UH [products there can Iw no dou!>t that by far the largest poHion 
of the smoke which leaves the cliimney is carbenyc acid gas mixed with 
watery vaj^our. It is easily carried along by the prevailing wind and 
becomes dissipated or disapi>ear^ entirely within a distance of a few 
yards of its exit from the chinioey. It is hurdly possi!>le for this 
smoke to contain any delct<?rious gases from the inciuenition of animal 
and vegetable matter, as the heat of the furna^'cs wouhl most likely 
dissociate them. The heat, moreover^ is so intense that all luif-rnljes or 
germs existing in the swt^piogs must Im? completely destroyed and the 
possibility of such germs escaping with the products of oomljustion is 
extremely unlikely, 

Thecliiinney, which we bebeve is thetalleat in the Straits, is 181 feet 
in lieight, 175 fet^t of which are al>ove ground leveb It is supported 
on a c-ement concrete foimdatiou 30 feet square and 7| feet tliiek, has 
a base 144 feet square up to a height of 1^4 feet, remaining portion 
being octagonal in sha|>ep having a taper of 5| inches every 20 feet. 
The thickness of the walls vary from 3 feet 4 inches at the bottom to 
10 inches at the top. It is bned with firebrick 9 !uclit?8 thick to a 
height of 25 feet» this bjiing lx*ing carried for another 25 feet 4| inches 
thick only. The][only plastering used is that forming the ornamental 
cap, the remainder being pointed brickwork coloured red and the 
joints picked out with black pointing. With the exception of th© 
firebrick hning, the whole i^f the luicks use*! in the construction of 
the chimney are Factory pressed bricks. 

^The whole of the construction tias been carried out by the P.W,D»| 
Factory, under the superintendence of Mr, T. Groves, the castings 
being supplied by Messrs. Kiley, Hargreaves and Co,, of Singapore. 



(With ApoLoaiBS to A. B, Patrbson), 
So yon'i^e back froai up the jungle, Mr. Towtismau» where you've Bpent 
Six short muuthK iu corsing all tliuigs, "vvitk a litx'iul fliscontont. 
WelK we gi"ieve you think the jungle is not quite the safest ** curd;'* 
Tkat it isn't clean and eo«>% and the hard wood i*lanks are hard. 
And the huffalcies trnttld charge you, soon as e'ejr you came in view, 
Till a naked little savage drm'e them back, and rescued you / 
And the paths were bogged and rooty » and the elearings choked with 

scrub » 
And no doiibt you'n* iMr-tter suit*?d drinking whiskies at your club. 
Yet, percliance, if you shoidd travel down the very ways you went, 
In a few years* time at furthest, you wnuld wonder what it meant. 
Where the '^bluker'* in the elearingn rushed resistless to the sky. 
You would see the 3 oung rice lift its tender |irong of leaves on high ; 
And the miles of traekleRs jungle, where the white man rarely trod. 
You would find an ordered garden whei*e the peasant tills the sod. 
For the march of trt>{ne seai^ons leaves few changes in the street. 
With its long blue line of kongse^js, and the *' whish'* of shoeless feet; 
But the jungle opens always, as its groaning giants fail. 
And the men w^ho know the jungle, they are loyal through it all. 
But yon fount] the jungle dismal, and a land of no delight. 
Have you heard a *' Boriah " cfiorns in a chieftain's house at night ? 
Did they rouse up Edwin Watson, with his fund of ** sells** and 

Bid they "rise'* him as he rose ttit in his good and palmy days? 
In the mnsif of the jungle did you hear u^j ii»veeter tone 
Than the nish of '* ricks ** and " ghanies,** and the loaded freight- 
train's groan? 
Did the wild doves wake your slumbers with their cooing, rich and 

strange ? 
Did you hear the argus pheasants calling from the rock-strewn range ? 
Or the bark of startled deer that flee l>efore the jungle*a lord ? 
Or wild elephants, by moonlight, trumpeting beside the ford? 
Still the jungle opens sl^iwly, one by one ita giants fall, 
And the men wlu> km^w the jungle they are loyal through it all. 


*•«♦« »♦«♦«♦«♦*•«*«♦♦ 

T EFT Sei'emban by the 9 a.m. train on Suuthiy, the 4th of April, 
I J for Port Dickson and spL'Ut the day with Mr. Bttweu. In the 

J afternoon we visited the Beri ' i Kospital and looked into 

-^ several minor fHiint^ ^i^g a decision. The s.s. 

Malacca did not com' us a mishap occurred to 



her anchor chains, wo *Vu^ uot leave for Malacca till 11 p.m. Mr, 
Bowea accompfiDkrl mi* a^ I wished to aliow him tlie Malacca Laud 

We reached Mcilacca at 3 a,in. ou the 5th of April and at once 
landed. 1 borrowed a pony imd trap aud drove round to the hospit4il 
and gaol and to Bukit Cliina Ijefore early breakfast. At 10 a.m. Mr, 
Haugliton, the acting Resident Councillor^ showed us over the Land 
Office and I was glad to meet many of my old penghiiluB, I spent 
the rest of the morning with Mr, Hanghton discussing the opium 
question, in the settlement of which it is advi8al>le that the Govern- 
ment of Malacca and of the Negri Sembilan whuidd if possible come 
to an undertitanding of mutual advantage. In the aft-ernoon I drove 
out to Pringgit and saw the damage done by the floods to the padi^ 
damage which unfortunately extended over a gi*eat portion of the 
Settlement. I ako drove through the now abandoned experiraental 

At 6.30 a.m. on Tuesday, the 0th of April, wo started for Tampin, 
stopping at Alor Gajah. 15 miles, whert* Mr, Parr, the District Officer, 
Tampin, met me, aud wc took the op|wrtiinity of looking over the 
Alor Oajah Office. 

We reached Taiupin, 24 miles, before noon and I spent the day in 
in8f>ecting the offices and village and had a long conversation with 
Tunku Ngah as to the various changes in land affairs which I wish to 
iutrodiice. I was glad tu find that lie foresaw no difficulties and lie ia 
a Yvry intelligent Malay ond knows what wan done in Malacc-a. Tliere 
are a great many improvemeiits to l>e made in the an'angement of the 
Tampin Offices, as to which I gave fidl directions. I arranged aJxjtit 
the new school and called on Tunkii Ayup, the wife of Tunku Hasan, 
whose little houne we may advantageously rent* 

On Wi^iuesday, the 7th of April, at 7 a.m,, Mr, Parr and I drove 
through Pulau Sebang, SempaTig Ampat, Siingei Siput and Brisu to 
Lubok China, where we oiice more left Malacwi territory and re-entered 
the Negri Sembilan, Mr. Bc*weu folltjwcd us in a ghar>\ 

At Lubok China we have a customs station, which is none other 
than the police station, and the ]>olice, as they unfortunately do in 
niany other places in this State. eoUeet the ex|K>rt duties. I hope to 
imi*rove administratitm ami at the same time cheapen it by rebeving 
the police as far as possil>le of thm work. 

From Lulxik China to Sempang Linggi, 22 miles from Tampia, 
there is uothmg but an expanse of klaug and young brushwood, and 
tire only course to l)e adopted is to wait for some 15 years till afforest^ 
atiou has taken place to some extent. As soon as the road from 
l^mpiu to Seremban is through, the Lubok China- Sempang Linggi 
Roaa and the Kundor Eoad to Ulu Peflas may he allowed to fall into 
disuse, such attention only being paid ttJ the bridges and fonnatioo 
an will make them passable. All Malactii traffic ak.n he diverted by 
I SemiJang Ampat and Kendong to Tampin, Rembau and Seremban, 

Mr, Bowen left us at Sempang Linggi and we drove back to 
flimpaog Ampat, where we viuited and had some curry with the Dato' 



Naning at 8 \\m. We were glad of shelter for it had rained iu 
torrents since nL».iii. As we were wet tbrou^^h we made a hasty meal 
and drove on at walking paee in dense darkness to Tarn pin, whieh we 
reached aKait 10 ]).m. 

On Tliursday, the 8th of April, at lO a.m., thi/ meeting, which 1 
had convened before leaving S*^rembau, of all the chiefs, chiefs of 
tribes and penghulus iu Tampin, Keru and Gememheb. was held in 
the office. I explained to them tbe MttlaLta system of niukim assess- 
ment and promised them a speedy methiwl uf measuring all their 
lands and raarking them with boimdary atones at an all n»und cost to 
them uf S2 per lot, on the uuderstandiug that the lands \}q afterwards 
assessed at fixed rates. I iminted uiit that in hilui^ I wished the 
District Officer t<» hold country eollcctions *)f laud revenue, the duty 
of the headoieu iu this respect bein^ contined to bringing in their 
people to pay. I ei'iticised tbe present method of calculating the 
percentage of revenue payable to the tribal cliiets and proposed that a 
commuted monthly payment liased on t]u: 18^6 collectionH should be 
made. The Gemencheh people asked for time t*^ refer fhe matter to 
the Dato* of Johol, but f^eyond this re<|nest and the asking of several 
questions which it w^as not dithcult to answer the meeting, which 
lasted over an hour, passetl off most satisfactorily. 

Tunku Dewa, the son of the late Saiyid Hamid. who is the ruler 
of Tampin, stayed Whiud and we Imd a long couversation. He in a 
ver}' shy retiring lad anti talks iu almost a whis]>er. He appe*irs to 
be very much under the iullueuce of one of his uncles and was 
pos8et*sed with an absorbing desire in dismiss a j>enghulu who liad 
offended against a trifling custom of the ct urn try ; but, as the District 
Officer, having made full enquiry inio the matter, had sent the jieng- 
huh I to tender an aj*ology in person, which Timkn Dewa had accepted, 
I pointed out that the man must have another chance. 

Afer lunch I rode to Johol and biw,'k, 20 miles, Mr. Parr l>eing 
unable to accomi>any me as he had arrears of w«jrk to put throogh. 
At the [lolice station I met the acting Distri*:t Officer of Kuala 
Pilah and the Dato* of JohoL This chief is a very interesting old 
person. He must be 80, for he says he w^as growu up when the 
rianing War (1832) tiM>k place. He wears hi8 hair quite iong^ because 
when the original Sakais settled iu the N«r^ri Sembilan, the one 
woman of tbe party elei^ted to stay at Johol and from her he is 
descended. He talka affectionately of Mr. Buckley and his memory 
lingers regretfully over the Chindnts mine, though he «peaks with 
some pride of the fact that he was a gold-miner. He buys up all the 
gold ixe Win get and his great desin.* is Uy see the pi-esent mines an 
wtablished success. He would like to visit the mines, but custom and 
tLgn forbid him to travel. How^ever, he hopes that his eyes may yet 
feast on the gold of the existence of w^hich he is assured. 

I spoke to him of my interview with the Oemeucheh jieople, but he 
had no objection to my proposals and aaid he would tell them so : he 
thinks it would l*e an excellent thing to settle bouiidary disputes at 
BO small a coet. 



I got back to Tarn pin alxjut 6 jjjil, Mr; Parr meeting me about 
flix miles out of the village. 

On Friday, the 9tb of April, after business in office and an 
interview with Tuiiliu N^^ah, Mr, Parr and I rode at 3 p.m. to K-enibau. 
We went alonj^ the new tmce of the road to KendoU|^» f«nu" miles, 
moat of the jooruev Ihua far being through Malacca territory ; it is an 
exrellent ti-at.e luid doen great credit to the overseer, Mr. Danker. 
Then, re-entering the territory of the Stat^*, we rode six mile« to 
Chenong. For the latter half of this ride wf travei*sed padi fields, 
and nothing in that class of stenerj ean well surpas.s the beauty of 
the long stretches of ripe padi bounded by enonnons fruit trees on 
rieiug ground with the Rembaii uiountaine at the head of the valleyd. 
Truly it is an ideal Malay country. 

At 6.30 p.m. we reached the entrance to the i-etJi deuce of the 
Dato' Penghuhi uf Ri*mbau. He was waiting for us in the road with 
his tribal chiefs and some 200 followerB. He apologised for thert' 
being bo few juvsent, but explained that as we were late nearly all 
the people had gone home. He eondueted im to his hoose, the eur- 
roimdings of whith had l>een decurated with arches and floral hang- 
ings. The etjurlyard of the house was eovered in witli a white awning 
and the verandah was |>repared for our reception by the display of 
many -col on red *' laugit-langit," nine guns were tired as so<:m a** we 
reaehed the house and, after each Leuiliaga (trifial chief) had Wen 
presented to me and we had had «i>me conversation, Mr. PaiT and 
I were taken to a well for our liath, On our return we weiT somewhat 
disappointed to find that all the chiefs were tt» be fed Ijeforeus, but we 
waited patiently and witnessed the splendid feast which I he Dato* 
Penghulii, who has a re|iutation for stinginess, had provided for his 
chiefs. As soon as they had fiuiMhed they were asked by the Dato' to 
leave the veran^lah and our ineal was served. 

After dinner the verandah was given up to the principal ladies 
of Rembau, and they with ourselves and the Dato' Peughulu and 
Dato' Mentri ItKiked on at the various plays and |»erfurmanres usually 
provided on suth ocrasioos. At midnight we were allowed to go to 
bed, tired out. 

On Saturday morning, the lOtb of Apiib we were very early at the 
well and had finished our **chota liazari " t>efore the Dato* Penghidu 
put in an apiir'ai-ance. AlK>ut 7.'^0 the Dato' took us to an old 
Malay lioiise close by to show us some beHUtifid wood carying, the 
entire Imihliug, inside as well as out, lieing so decorated. He then 
put us ou our way to Chenong village, which is about thnv cpiarters 
of a mile distant. There we inspected the station, the magistrate's 
halting bungalow now under construction, the court and the shops in 
the village street. I had a lung confab with tlie Datt** Mentri oo land 
and tribal custums, and at 9 a.m. held the mt^eting of Lembagas* which 
I had convened l>efore leaving Sereinban, to discuss certain i^foniis. 
All the Lemliagas were present except Toh Perba, who is said to lie 
dying, and Toh Bangsa Balang, who luid gone to Klang, As the titles 
of these Irilial chieftains are pGculiar it may Ix* of iut-erest to nieut 
them. Thev mav Ix* divided iut<<3 two classes, the " Seblali D 



or Hitjblandors, and i\n^ " Seblah Biihru/' or Lowlanders. Tliei'e 
are eleven trilies, and of these five have clansinen iti hoth divisiuns, 


Toll Perba 

Toll Puteh 

Toll Raja Scuara 

Toh Gaiiti 

Toll Laiigsa .., 

Toll iTempar Maharaja 
Toll Mera Baugsa ,. 
Toh iSamsiirah 
Toh Bangsa Balang , . . 


Bat II Amixir 
Taaali Datah 
Aiiak Malaka 
Aiialv AL'heli 

Batii Ani|>ar 
Pava Kiniibt>h 
Tiga Neaek 

Pava Kumboh 
Selemak, Mi^nangkaban 
Bat II Belaiig 
SaiJui L<*ii^f^'^oii^' 


Taiiah l>atah 

Batii Ampar 
. . Bi^diiauda 
I winbed U* dhvnm with the 

Toh Si Maharaja . 
Toh Sin da M aharaja ... 

Toh Andika ,,, ' , 

Toh Meudelika 

Toh Niati^^ 

Toll Mabarajci Iiida ... 

T«>b Sutau Bt'udahara 

Trdi Si Hati Maharaja 
There were three matters* whirh 
Lemliagas, and thev wert' : - 

(i.) The payment t^^ thoui of one-tlm*d of the land and opitini 
revenue. In 1892 the Lemliiigas were rerpiired to make an aHneHsment 
of the laiid^ of their tril>es women, and tliey made an assessment whit_di 
wag alto|i^ether too fav on ruble to the lundowner. It was revised and 
inereasetb Init they very i>rui>erly were t(dd that they con Id never 
receive more than 'S'S per eeut, of their own assensnient. Later the 
opium revenue for the purposes of the R-t^mttaii share waa fixed at 
32,4tH>. It has taken a '^oiul deal of time and trouble every year to 
make out the p'reentap* due to each trii>al chief, and 1 was able to 
persuade the Lembii|,^as to aerept a tonimuted monthly payment for the 
future ba«ed upon their receipts in 1H06. 

(ii.) The meaHitremftit and permanent demarcation with boundary 
stones of all lands in Rembau with a view ultimately to the payment 
of a fixed rent. The |»iic*sent system, tli^ai^h the jieojde understand it» 
is Uxi primitive to pennit of its etaitinuanee. Every person has a 
document dt^daring her or him to lie the possestsor of land in a certain 
lot?ality and si'ttin^r out the asmessesant f^ayble in res|>ect thereof. 
That assessment u 25 e^-nts for each 100 ^nintan^'S of padi, and there 
is a, lower rate of assessment for kampon^ lands, made entirely with- 
out i*efereiice to the value or size there*jf, but there is no plan of the 
land, no Itoundary marks (liecause it is said that each laudow^uer 
knows her boundaries, though disputes are nfe), and no ascertained 
area. A^ I desire to giveeveiT piTson fairly aeeurate measurements^ 
peiTnanent boundary marks and a detiuite plrui f*f her land for an all 
round charge of 82 a lot. I hope to overc^ome all opposition to the new 



'^^^iMF of thini^s in Rem ban, a« It has been oveix*ome in Tain pin and 
Gemencheh. Tlie Lembttgas seem to \ye bitten with the idea and the 
IVh Mentri in m^ich in favour of it. 

(iii.) The arran^cnumt of some pnttectioii for t^'offee planters a^'uinst 
Io8S bv the constant desertion of Reinbau men working as coobeis on 
the estates. I pointed out to the Lembagaa that sevenil plant**i*6 hud 
complained to me uf the verv fretfuent desertion of these men und of 
the want of assistance towards their arrest. The Dat^j't* arrau^l u 
method by which all foolies on en garment were to be taken l>efore 
the tribal heail, and promised if thi^y aftenvartla deserted to arrest 
them find make them refund the nnworked-ont advances. 

Our meet in^r waa in every way satisfaet'ory and ple4isaDt. It lasted 
for three honrs. It rained heavily dunni< most (»f that time and the 
road a^^-rosB ihepadi fields l>etvvcen the vilUige and the Bato' Peugbulu^s 
house was flooded by the nver overllnwiutj^ its Imnks, so we could not 
return to take leave of the Dat-o\ However, I si^nt messai^es to him 
explaining my apjjaivnt rudeBena and havesinoe written fully detailing 
what <jrt'nrre<l at the meeting and thanking him for his cordial 

We rotle uti 10 miles to the Ayer Hangat (Hot Springe) Estate 
whirh Mr, Tioekie Scvitt in managing for Mr. Lunisden, and whore Mr. 
Brett lives with him. Mr. Aldworth { ColL-etor of Land Eevenue) and 
Mr. Caldirott (Su|>erintendent of Puldic Wc^rks) met me there. A 
bath in the water from the Hot Springs was most refiT*<hiug, This 
eatate and Mr. Brett's elt'anng ail joining it are both new and both 
men have had bad luck and siekuest* touontend with, but the situation 
is excellent. 

On Sunday, the 11th April, Mr. Parr returned to Tampin and Mr, 
Aldworth mid I r<ide on to Perhentian Tinggi, where we were enter- 
tiune<1 at l>reakfast by Mr. and Mrs. Rowland. Mr, Ri>wland is 
managing this estiite. which is pai-t owned by Mrs. Hill and himself. 
It is on the boundarv of the old Negri Sembilan with Sungei Cjong, 
and the Ulu Pedas Polii-e Station should he moved to this point. It 
is a yoimg estate. About mum Mi- Aldworth and I rode on throtigh 
the Clailut^ Terentang, Sinawang and Sepiau Estates, whieh extend 
most of the way from lOth to the 3rd mih^stones and make a brave 
show of coffee, conspicuously Mr. W. Duunmn'a Sinawang, which is 
liplendidly situated. At the iJrd mile a Chinaman has a go od deal of 
[coffee land and is toting more. We reached SeRinban about 5 p m,, 
I just in time to escape a tiiemendous downpour. The road from the 
l2th to the 4th mile is execrable and if is the duty of Government 
tL» do its utmost to impruve it. When through traffic for cart« is 
assured fn>m Serend>an to Tamf^iu (alMjut 'S2 miles) along a really 
gotMl road, the State will save much money in upkeepiug uselese 
roads and will give a great impidse t^i tntde. Mr. Pan* has not betai 
long in his district, !)ut he has seen and li^aiTii*d a great deal already 
and he ha« more than enough t<.Mjceujn his time and attention. When 
a surveyor begins mukim demarcation next month much activity in 
land matters is sure to follow. The country is full of interest from 
an agrieultuml point of view. 

Ko. 19.— Vol, V,—28(h May. /av. 


THE QUEEN^S BIRTHDAY, iu KuaU Luuipiir, bis of kk^ years 
i>eenik^vole<] tu 51 ilay <jf 8i»ort8 fur the NativeK^ am} luia hevn tliB 
ocxtiMioii of a Iar*(*' and popular jifatlicriiiijf uu tlie Panvde rtruuiRl, 
with a enjwdeci audieu^'e at the Stdiiii^'<»v QUiU. This year, however, 
owin^ t»» the lipproaeh of the Sjiorts to l>e held in rounei'tion with the 
Diamoud Juiiilee. tlie Birthday Holiday was mai^kai hy iiii unumml 
([uietnes^, ex<jej>t that at 12 oVdoek il milut*? of 21 guns was fimd from 
the Fort and the Bitnd played outride the Cluh at 5 |>jjl Some 
ejitluisiaHtB played 11 ^^ame of blocker duriiio^ the eveidug, in a kind of 
miniature urt:hipela^'o, and He*.»med to be off their feet just as often an 
they were on thetii, Perha{ts the ehief event of the day, was the faet 
that the bip liell for the tloveriinient Offices <4oek tower was placed in 
]K>sitiou. aod gave tongue for the tirst time. 

The Worshipful Master and Bretlii*en of Read Lodge are to \xi 
couj^rmlulated on the HneeesM which attendtHl the Ball given by theui 
on the It^th in«t. The Mastms of Selangor have not entertained their 
friends at a Himilar function since the opening of the Masjonic Hall 
nearly three years ago, but the efforts niiMJe on the pi^e^ent tK'ctieioii 
go a long way towards making up for tliia Heemiug lack of 
hospitality. A large number of guests, including the Acting Rt^nident 
and Mrs, Belfield, were rec-eive<l l>y the W, M, and Brethren and 
dancing Ijegan at about 9M} [^m. Although the lower hall is a fine 
spaciout^ room — and the floor, by the way, way in excellent cfuidit ion — 
yet the narrowness of the veraodahs and the want of a Buj^per ro\>in 
detract from the utility of the biiiklinfi^ for large gatherings of this 
kind ; ott this cvemng, however, this difficulty had been overcome liy 
building an annexe as large as the hall itself, which was reached l>y 
two flights of steeps and a covered way from the south verandah, and 
served as a l>ar and a siipi>cr r*H*m. Whatever there w^as of dci'ora- 
tions had been devoted to the sup|K?r room, and the general effect was 
very pleasing and tasteful ; the arningements for serving the suj>|>ei*, 
at a nuiidRn- of small tables, each with its attendant boy, were as 
excellent as was the supper itself, and reflects the greatest credit on 
Wor. Bro. Watkin«, who took the whole of this portion of the pro- 
gramme under his especial charge. Wor. BnK Sanderson, assisted of 
course bv a number of the lirethren, bad worked bard to ensure a 


pleasant ew'uing for the tciiest>;, and tlic expreaaions of thanks whieli 
tliey rereivi?il proved, we feel sure, an iimple recompense for the 
trouble they had taken* 

Mb. Nicholas beat Mr. Severn in the tinal tie of the Selxmgor 
Club Billiards Handieiip ; Scoi^, Nieholas, X 70, t^eat Severn, scrati-b, 
points made by loser 226. 

A VICTORY for the i\M.8» ! Lorkij has not disappointed his owner 
and Imekers iii the Singapore ** Derby/' 

Ma. G. M. SiAFFORi*, Acting Chief Surveyor, left Kuala Lumpur 
yestt^rday for Eurofje; Mrs. Stafford prceeded him a week or two 

AccoRDiNo to the Collector and MafjiHtrnte, Jelebii, ctK^muti 
planted on worked-out land '* liave done »o rtntiarkabiy well that they 
attnicted particular att^-ntiou." There is plenty of worked-ont land in 
Selangor, at present dreary wastes, wliieh might be utiUsed for this 

It is confidently expected that not the least ancceseful of the events 
in celebrate the Diamond Juhdee will l>e the Flower Show to tie held 
iti a shed to be erected opposite the Selangor Chib Stables, It will be 
open to the public, free of chat^e, from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Sunday, 
20th June, and the Band, \*y kind pennis8ii>n of the Commanding 
Ollicer, M.S.U., will play l^etwefn 4 and (> p.m. The list of prixes to 
be given and rules for exhibiting are being distributed 

To-morrow* will be made the final selection of phiyei-a to form the 
cricket t«am that will nu^^ the Perak eleven at Taiping at Whitsuntide, 
Wliat^ner it« composition may Ih% and we hear that there are only two 
or three places nut yet decide<3 on, tbi? Selangor team will for the first 
time for some years not include Mr. Don gal, who, having had a 
rather lotig rest with a sprained ankk\ will now recline gra^.-efully on 
his laurels ; and that they may ever remuiii green is the «incere wish of 
his many friends. f«»r in him cricket in Selangor has ever had an 
ardent and enthusiastic supporter. 

The S.F.B. played *• The World " at footliall on Wednesday. This 

m about the *<ixth time they have taken on this large order, generally 
with the sameivsnlt. The Firemen wei*e outclassed, but played a very 
plucky game- Bellamy in goal, and the two Iwks, ThoTupson and 
Tregarthen, had i»!enty to do, as most of the play was in their vieii" 
and the ikuii that only three goids were scored by ''The Wox 



speaka well for the waj tliey worked. *• The World*' had ii very Kfrrniij^^ 
teain, and some good coBihiued play wjis shown, but the shootins^ at ^oal 
wa» very erratic. The S.F.B. did not srore iit all; they had very 
few chances of getting near their ojiponents* g"oal; but no doubt they 
will come up fresh as ever for the return mateh. 

All the old ti-aditions of the relations lietweeu the Malay and the 
Sakei t^nd to show that the fonuer lias always ta-ken advantai^e of the 
sinipht'ity of the latter. l)ut tlie following |>amgra|ih from Mr, Keyser'a 
report for April wi»uld seem to point t-o one ca«e at least where tlio 
untutored wild man had turned the tables: — *'The Malay village 
under Dat</ Sultan Garaiig ln>re its u^ual aspet-t of ]>ro8pei'ouH con* 
t^nt, thongh be himself ci>mplatued of the conduct of a Sakci chief 
who had recently tf^mpted him on a jungle expedition t*.> discover the 
long-believed-jii mountains of gold and tin f?aid by tmdition to be 
ti<nnewliei*e in the Ulu, After 14 days of fruitless wandering it dwwneil 
UfMjn him that this journey was but a riuse to obtain free rations at 
his exjM?nse, nnd so he returned home imd for that time once again 
abandoned the search/* 

Annual Repokth. IHDlv, — The following items are from the 
departmental reports of the SUiU\ 

Co m mismoner, L ands and Mi neif . F. AL S. - — Ke venue» JH L5 1 ♦ 3 1 1 . 4:<> ; 
land alienated, 102 town lot^, 3,77(1 blocks of agricultural land of a 
total area of 32*221 acres and SH8 mining bhuks comprising *il>H2 
acres. In writing on the falling off of tiud>er royalty in Kuaht 
Lumpur, the Commissioner makes the folhiwing remark, which appeal'^ 
from his report to apply tx) all districts : *' Forest rangers, if we expect 
them to he really efficient, should do their own work and nothing else. 
It is useless to expect that they can protet^t Government tiuiber from 
ti-espassers if their time is taken up in dcmariM.tiDg agi'iculttiral hold- 
ings. The latter is a class of work for which they are not as a rule 
qualitied, and the result is that neither description of their work is 
p^erfonned thoroughly or satisfactorily/' 

Sauitanj Bmtrd, Ktutia LMwy^wr.-- Revenue, ^188,027; expenditure, 
$169,150 ; number of pi-os^eutions for ofifenees* 190; convictions, 180 ; 
fines* $1,082.50, The number of vehitles registeretl were, liackney 
carriages . 202 ; j i u i ri k i sh as . 1 ,0 74 ; ca 1 1 h cart s. 1 , 41 2 ; h and - cart s , 86 * 
During the year 5ti persons wei*e prosecuted for cruelty to animals, 
and in each ease convicted. Forty-five plans for erection and altt'i'a- 
tion of buildings in Kuahi Lumpiir wei*e passed ; for Suugei Besi» 28.' 
Thf " ■ Miin hopes that liefore long the ti>wu will l>e Hghtvd by 
elecEi I itid that the <juestiuu of the dis}M>sal ot night-soil may Ije 



flolF^d by tlevising some means of reducing it to aii iimocuous powdtT 
by the heat generat^^d m tbe refuse destructor. *'The heahh of the 
town has been good duriug the pa«t year, the cleanliness of back 
premises having l>eeu enforced vlh far as praetitul*le. It will not, how- 
ever^ he possible to make the t^wn safe from epidemic diseases, until 
lanes ju^ formed through bkfcks of buildiugs which stand back to 
back with yards Wtween them, where lilth accumulates and which are 
only appi-uacliable through the houses. With the example before us 
of the det'imation of the population of Bomlmy by the plague, which 
has Ijecome endemic in over* rtiwded ])arts of that city and which might 
at any time make its ajipearance in the Straits* it is to \\^ hoped that 
the suggesteii improvements may not long lie delayed. The Board 
has recently decided to take in hand the regulation and control of the 
stables and cattle-sheds, many (*f wliidi are in a very iDbuuitary condi- 
tiou. and to enforce tbe carrying out of the In-laws rehtting to them.*' 

EdtKiiii*yn,—T\wT^ were 1,240 namee on the registers of 28 Govern- 
ment schools in January, 1897, l>eing an average of 44 per school. 
Three new schools were ojkeiu^ ddriug 18%- At the annual euunina- 
tions <»f the %Trnacular sch(M>ls 682 were pre8eut4etl and 85 per cent, of 
passes gained. At the examination tjf scholars at the Victoria Institu- 
tion L218 of 1 »315 possible passes were gaintnl. At the Anglo^Chinese 
School at Klaiig. originally started through tht* exertions of Mr* Skeat, 
83 passes were gained tmt of a possible 102. 

Sdomjor Gnvtrnmeni Railwatj, — The gn»ss i-eceipts for tJi6 ¥€9ir 
amounte*! to S720,OOH.(>2, tht? net revenue to $:3O9,405.22; the jiei^n- 
tage of net profit upon capital expended to til at I>eceuil>er, 1896. was 
?i7.18 per cent. ; t-otal ex|x*nditure on revenue aceount, $410,602,80, 
being $23,179,20 less than was estimated. The number of passengers 
carried was, 1st class. 13J51 : 2nd class, 70,397; 3rd class, 1,270,165; 
total, 1,353,713; total tmiu mileage, 230,589. The Resident Engineer 
for Riiilwayw writes : — ** I took the opportunity during the se^r to 
point out to Government that railway construction here would Lxj 
more eeonomic^Uy and efficiently carrie<l out, if a general scheme for 
mil way conetruction in the future could be laid down. As it is, short 
extensions aiv authorised year by year, which are not in themselveft 
sufficiently largt> io wanant the ex]>enditure of a considerable sum of 
money on plant nor the ejigagement of competent men from England 
to carry out the different cljisses of work efficiently, the result Wing 
that the department la Imt meagrely supplied with construction plant 
and has to de|>end on the local market f*>r tbe supply of foremen, 
gangersp overseers, etc.. which has been found in the majority of ciuies 
to Ih* unsatisfactory. If some such general scheme for railway exten- 
sion could thus be formulated, portions of which might be constructed 



jmr by year as funds were availal^ks the departmeut would be 
warranted in ex|>endiiig a considerable sum in purdiasing plant and 
engaging conipetjent men, and the outlay would In? qiurkly repiid 
in economy and greater efficiency in construction. The matter is, 
I submit, worthy of consideration, and as in the meantime it affects 
more closely the quebtion of luilway surveys, it is further dt^lt with 
imder that heading." 

Minutes of a General Meeting of the S^^hingor Planters* Associa- 
tion held at the Victoria Ht»tt4. Kuala Lumpur, on Satui-day, 15th 
May. 1897. at 10.30 a.m. 

Present— Me»sm» E* V. Carey (Ciiainiiau), Dougal. C. Meikle, 
Kinderslev (MemlxTS of Committee), Stonor, Kendle, Greig, Darljy, 
Swan, To<l, Hicks, Nicliolus, R. Meikle, Pasqual, Toynbce, Hurth, 
Beekley, Douglas, Leech. Sanderson and Tom Gihson (Hon, Secret^iry), 

L Notice calling the meeting having l>een taken as read, the 
minutes of the last meeting were read and cftnfinned. 

Eead letter from the Oovermuent Seeretary iutimating that the 

remment i« unable to eomjily with the request for an expert "fe n*port 
r« mmie. 

The Chairman stattMJ that both the Indian and Dutch Governments 
had offered large rewards in connection with the ramei indui^try, and 
aft it waa a matter which might profit at>ly affect the prosfiiTity of the 
Fedemted Malay Stat+'S, he thought further steps should l>e taken* 

The following resolution was then proposed by "Mr, C Meikle> 
84H)onded by Mr. Dougal, and carried uuauimously : — viz,, "That in view 
of the Resident-Ci^enenLrs remarks in his recent spj^et*!! to the Planters, 
the United Plantej-s* Association be asked to !»riug tliis question of 
ramie to his notice/* 

3. Kead lettei-s fnjm the Government Secretary re Indian Immigra- 
tion, and it was unanimously resolved that a letter which had Ix^n 
drafted by the Ctmuuittee should be sent to the Government Secretary 
asking for a distinct answer to questions asked. 

4 Kead letters fr*>ni the Government Secreturj' and the Chainnan, 
Sanitary Board, Kuala Lumpur, />■ appointment of a Veterinary 
Inspector for Selangor. 

5. Read letter from Mesers. Adamson, Mactaggart and Co., intimat- 
ing that recruiters for Ceylon i-eqiiiretl no license, whereas a recruiter 
from the Straits was liable to fine or imprinonment if not in possession 
of a recruiting license. The chairman propt»sed the United Planters' 
A«»t>ciatioa be aske^l U* take up this matter with a view to having our 
recruiters put on the same footing as thuse from Ceylon. 



Mr. Darliy. in seof»utliu^ the ro&olutiau, gave instance© of iHH»lie8 
having' hvini ki-pt iipwiinls of 11 wenUji l>elVjrf» they vonld prriuurp a 
lierus(\ and Mr. V, Meiklt' eoutiniKMj this from liia per^ninal i-xperience 
wheu yistinj^ the Indiun ctioly distriets to recruit lal>our* Carried 

6. The Chiiirnian said he had l»een iisked to lay tlie following 
before the meeting: "The clesimltility of appnmching^ the United 
Planters* Assise iation upon the suhject of reeniiting labour from 
Bengal, (lioufiuiii^' the action in the meantime to addressing a letter to 
Sir Edward Burk.'' In yiew of ron\'!spondeii(*e whieh had i>a8sed on 
this 8ubje(*t lK:'twtHni Ceyhvu and India and the exorbitant rates aaked 
by Ben^l recruiters, no aetion was taken in thie matter. 

7. The ChaiiTuan read a letter from Mr, Riflges snpro^sting tha*- 
Mr. Turney, who had just retinul on pension, was posseened of special 
qualifications for ivcruitinj^ ktwnr in India. He explained that aa 
the AsHoeiatitin would have probubly to face heavy ex}>euditure in the 
way of advert i^ifineiit 8 re our coffee market, we were not in a fMisition 
to enter into any fixed aj^n^eenient with Mr, Turoey, hut he thoujrht 
busineBfl mi^hi result from private individuals. 

It was therefore proposed by Mr. Dougal and seconded by Mr. C. 
Meikle, " That a letter be aent to Mr. Tiiruey askin^^ him to lay his 
proposals before the Association and intiraatiog that the Association 
was very pleased that his name had been suggested.'* Carried 

8. Mr, Bou^^al proposed and Mr, (J. Meikle seconded. "That 
Government he asked to charge qnit rent only in p>roportion to the 
number of mouths the land is held during the iirst year of ocenpancy." 

Mr. Hickrt sugtrested the insertion of the words, " on a quarterly 
basis" lietween *■ quit-rent *' and ** only/' with which addition the 
pi-ojx*sitiou wfis eanied unanimously. 

t^, Mr. Swan said that he thought the XJ. P, A. should be asked to 
iiecommeiid to tlie F.M.S. Crovernmen! the desiral»ility of establishing 
expenmental gardens, as is done l»y theiliiferent Cr»lc*uial GovemmentB» 
notably Cauiuhi and Australia. The Chairman supported Mr. Swan's 
prop^jsah which was carried unanimously. 

10. Mr, Pasquai said lie thought suihcient attention liad not been 
given to Chinese labour on coffee estates, and was sure if such labour 
was imported diii^i t from China it would be foimd cheaper than Tamil 
and Javanese labour, and he prouiised to supply the Assoeiation with 
%ures tifi to cost of importing and supporting Chinese lalKairere. 

Tlie mei'ting terminateil with a vote of thanks to th*' chair at 12 




Ta native of Soutlieni India and a resident of Selaiigor at present. 
I try to bring out, oii the re(|ueKt uf mj fri^ndH a Linl's eye view 
J of the state of affairs at Sehiiiij^or, and in doing so I shall not 
^ spare any pains m dealing with a«j>eet iJiyisieal and lucrative of the 
al>ovenientioned place abroad, leaving U* the leader and to the 
public the duty of uaing their intulive feeling to piusa an opinion 
whether Selangor or Southern India ia a suitable plaee for Ijuiuan 
habitation and whether men of modern jjarlet atid medea<'re ability and 
means wonld thrive sueoessfidly at the later cir at the fonuer plaee. 

2. Midway between the Pn>viuce Welbely and Malacea, washed ou 
both sides hy nuj^hty waters, there are fonr native states namely Pera. 
Selangor, Negri Serabilan and Pahang wlueh remained for a long tune 
under the rule of Malay priiiees. The British after protesting the 
inhuman actions of these piinceB who wei'e carrying i>u raids, [lut 
an end to the deH(iolie actions of the native princew and l>roiight safety 
to the lives and property of even the ]H.>or and the weidc ahout the year 
1874 and 1875. they have ] dinged a British Resident over each 
state who were made responsilde to his Excellency the Gijvernor 
of Singapore. Not ri.^fited with this and prom]>ted by the idea uf 
introducing eivilisatiou into tljeir land and having in their mind to 
improve the state, the British Government appointed last year 
F* A. Swettenham Escp\ c. m. o, as Resident General to control over 
the Resident of each and directly lie Fe8|>onsil>le to liis Excellency 
the High Commitssiioner of Singapore and gave to these states the 
name of Federated Malay state. Of the above mentioned states 
I shall confine my attention to Selangor i»nly. 

3. Selangor is one of the large states in the Federated Malay state, 
where His Highness the Sultan Ahdnl Samed rules under the 
protection of the English Government. It is divided into six Districts 
viz.. Kuala Lumpur, Kkng, ICuala Selangf>r, Uln Selangor, Kuala 
Langat, and Uhi Langat. KuaLa Lumpnr is the seat of Government. 
It contains many handsome laiildings both pidilic and private and 
valuable Estates o^Tied by European Gentleman and it also holds 
water supply. Tliis is the largest town in the Malay Peninsula 
and fi nines the residence of many Euro].>ean settlers who are chiefly 
owners of coffee plantations, traders and oflicera. Those who have 
a desire to take up merchandise an a profession will not find a l>f tter 
place to suit them than Selangor if tht;v only be htmest in their motive 
and try to keep good and correct account of their dealings. 

4. Alxnit 30 or 411 y<*ars ago there was no pix^per law to adminis- 
trate the laud, but aft^r^r the introduttion of Residential system, laws 
are introduced for the benefit of the public, justice in administered 
even-handedly, trade is being carried on very extensively, Indians, 
Chinese and other foreign people began to settle an Immigiunts at 
Selangor. These can find also now unlike j>ast years advocates and 
•olicitorg to impart them legal advises and to defend their causes in 
eilisrts of justice at moderate rates. 

* A titintoci iMinipHM fnrwnnlfHl to the Kdi tor of the H, J, 



5. There is also speeiiil kw for i>rott^i' tiller Lmiiau Iiiiniiifrantg who 
are now ]>lfW'ed iiudier an ofHeer styled! the Protector of Indian Immi- 
gmMts whiili duty is nuw disibar^n-d liy D. (t. Oiim|*Vit*ll Esqr., a ju^ 
and kind officer wLo understands Tamil, There is a jrreat demand 
f<»r Tamil lal»oiir in that phire, Proprietors and Managers of Estates 
Bnoh as Mei^sers, C. V. Carev, H. Huttenbacb, T. Hill. G. Shephered, 
F. A. Toyvd)ee, J, D. Toyiil>ee. A. Walker, E. Prier. T, Gibson, 
D. Douglas, B. Nissin, and K, Tarabusaniy Pilhu and many more 
European Gentlemen whose names and initials I am not ^nre of, aiv 
in favour of Tamil Ajii^ricultunil working class. The eoolies and 
servants working under tbem alwoyfi find in them a kind and l^nova- 
lent masterK, iiover failed to treat them with a ]>aternal care to appre- 
ciate and rewiird the worthy, the iiitellegent and the hard working. 
People who are in need tjf money mnst go and try their kick in those 
places. In my experience I have seen that they are doing good to 
their faithful servants and they have formed a society called Planters 
Association in which these Gentlemen on different occasions discuss 
points relating to loolies and their welfare* On Snndays when our 
coolies go from Estate to Iniy some ^irovisions in town bazaars they 
are used to indulge themselves in drinking |>ort-wine buying such 
spirit from common chinese shops. They drink and tlie consequence 
is on the next day tliey are unable to attend to their work on account 
of their inferior ipiality of port wine, tlieir emidoyees having foimd 
out the«e n)i8takes 1 wrought this suliject l>efore the Association. The 
cliiuesc sliMp port wine was analised by aljle medical doctors and found 
to l>e unfit for drinking j^urp^scs. This wius afterwards rej»i*esented 
by the Chairman of the Aa.Hociatiou to the Government. The Govern* 
ment then awakened anil pr<>sccuted chinese sho|> keepers ol^iGred theiu 
not t^ sell such l*ad spirits and also they were fined dollars 25 hy 
Magistmte ; now judge yourself and see their elaltorate nn wle of 
treat no 'ut, hi>w tliey are protecting such a common and low class 
Tamiliaus, see tbeir way of protecting of our coolies in fomgn place, 
even Mirasdars and >Honie other high caste rich men here will not treat 
this class of cooly like those Europeans in foreign countnes. 

G. Some 3 or 4 months ago when I was at Selangor I re^d an 
article in the MaJrai* Tim€*s an Indian weekly jonrtial that. Cholera 
was prevailing at Negapatam a thriving |>ort in Southern India. This 
is a small. I>ut densely (60000) ]>i'oplcd f>laie without atiN:*et drainage 
and siifficu-nt water supply, Evrry year miroods of i>e<^ple l»eeome 
vit^tims to this plague Imt this kind of disease very seldom visits 
Selangor owing to the r»e8t sanitary condition «if the state, 

7. The Selangor government is about tu have a Ruhsidiary steamer 
to run J»etween from Klang to Nt-gapatam. There is a time for Klang 
ii> become one of the finest harlMjurs in the straits settlemeiita as it 
contains a good wharfage accomodations. The passe ngers-jettee now 
existing at Klang, is in great use to the public, Ixmrding and landing 
licing made very convenient to passengers. When I com pan? Nega- 
patam with Klang port W. G. C. Walter Esq., R.N. harbour master 
has uia*le all convenience to passengers. On the arrival of a steamer 
this good harlN>ur n^aster gfjes to the ^yot in person and suiR*rvise 



tlie work, Th^re is no eiistom ehai-ge for a Binall box coutainiD^ mere 
clotbs and book** whereiis at Negapatani port I was a8tonish€>d to see 
thttt uo Kiieh couvpnienct* was maJt* to passengers, 

8. A Mirasoder or land owner of sonthern India poKSt^ssiii^ one 
vallv of 6^ acres of land liaa to pay to the ^'overunient a kiBt uf alxmt 
Rfl/60 yearly but in Selangor an indnatrious a^rric'olturist wbu nnder- 
takeg to cultivate? the sanit* extent of land has to pay a tax of oeIv 
Rs, lu Uut at the same tinn^ he will reap a douhle crop as that he 
i-oiild exj>ect here. 

9. I would not fail to louwe this t)] >port\mity to give you an instance 
of one NarayaDaBamy with wh(*m I ani well acqiiinted who worktnl as 
a fitter in thi* work shop of the South Indian Railway at Nej^apatam 
for more than 15 years drawing 6 annaij jier day. He resigned hi ft 
service before the late Railway riot, went to Selangor with liis ehai'ector 
certificate and i» nuw employed in the Selaogor Governuient Railway 
with a daily wagea of (y I ) one dolky corresponding to Rni^^ees 2, I 
need not entjuire you that he will not ^'et thia high pay although he 
may stay here a numlier of years ttij^cther as the labour l>etmnie very 
cheap here owing to the increased state nf poj>ulation. 

10. My countrymen, wages are high, provisions are cheap, you 
can have anything yon like, sanitary conditioua are very good, you can 
ha ve com municat ion a through post office within 7 davs, you can have 
good water and nuiny other conveniences ftir a man to livt^ in those 
countries; cm)lie8 from Mftdiira District iire very hard working class, 
they remain only oue year and I'eturw to their own country with an 
ample pn>fit of Rhiiccs ItWI or 150. There are uncidtivated lands that 
are fit for cultivatiou h> n very great extent. Tljere are also Malays 
and Chinese loolies. tlu:^ Europt^aus d<> not like either class of people, 
but they ai-e willing to cmt»loy agri^iittunLl Tamil ians. This la a good 
time, do nt>t loose this rhancc, we can make it a Tamil Settlement like 
Mauritius, Rangofm, Straits Settlemeol.i *ic. S<mie years ago Pro- 
vince WelLiely was mere a forest peopled l>y half cix tlized Malays but 
now that pla-^c has been gradually settlcni l>y i'iviliz< d ptfople, if a man 
were to travel from Butterworth to Ivriau and noHhern Districts of 
Ferak, he may notice many green paddy fields colf€*e plantations and 
fruit gardens &c. cultivated by our Tamil jieople who have lately settled 
there. In conclusion I shall take the liberty of dm wing your attention 
to the importance and advanta^^e of your s*?ttling with family in the 
State of Selangor.— S. Satia, Cierk of Courts omi Tamii 
Interprets; Indian Immitjratvm Gltrk. 



THE following incidents are taken from statements made by Peng- 
hnlns Raja Mahmud, of Semenyihp Said Yaliya, of Cheraa* and 
Juiiya ol Kajang, res[>ectively, c<mcerning tht* origin of the 
various settlements und*»r their charge, and may Ix* of interest to 
your readers. Of crmrse I cannot be responsible for the statements 
made but have co!let"te<l the information as it was otherwise likely to 
he lost, and as it may prcjve of some alight assistance to some future 



compiler of a historj of the State. The only important omisBion is the 
early history of the settlenieut at Ulii Lari^at, whif*h has not yet been 
writt-eu. It was fi^nnrrly under the rnle of the Toh Langat, who 
wag, however, a perflonaj^^e of leas iinportautie than the Toh Unku 
Klang. The Du«un Taa (or '* GUI Orchard ") at the Hut Springs was, 
it need ]>ardly be said, originally planted bv Sakais, Imt was appro- 
priated by unc Si Timalu a daughter of Toh Langat, who liuld it to the 
*' Towkay Bahru '' of Ulu Langat. Toh Langat's boundarie« are said 
to have l>een Snngei Sabak Dna, Bukit Blachanp Bnkit Arang and 
Ginting Pera«. 


The Penghiilu of Kajang states that Kajang is aljont 120 years old, 
and that it \\m founded by Toh (then Inebe) Lili, of Rio, under 
authority from Sultan Mohamad ibni-el Marhum Sultan Ibi-ahim, who 
ha<l brought him as one of hiw following from Rio to Selangor, 

The boundaries of Inebe Lili's domain were the district of tJln 
Langat from Sungei Sabak Dua upstwani following the Dato* 
Langat*« boundary find dowustreaiu ftdlowiiig the iKuindary of Dato* 
Ah as far as Snbang Hilang, Inehe Lib's fir A arrival was not very 
aiispicions; the now^ nrt tiers on tlieir first voyage u\* the Langat River 
Imd to force their way through the dense and thorny growth of 
rattans and «erew-palm8 whieb then all but met aeross the stream. 
They presevered* however, and built tliemaelvei? houses near the head 
waters of the Sungei Kajang where Haji Mat Nor now resides. 

Their new bouses were roofed with hastily inii>roviBed awnings (or 
** kajangs ") of paudanus leaves, there being no bertam leaves obtainable 
on the spot (which was then a mere swamp)* and hence Kajang town 
and river got their names. Owing to the excessive dampness of the 
locality, however (it is said that a flood " lifted *' off the reofs of their 
houses, afU?r which the mime of the stxvani was leugthened to Sungei 
Kajang BtT-angkat). Inehe Lili and bis fulluwing (six in number) 
found themHelvcs compelled to move to a drier ttituation, though not 
liefore they bad reapcfl their first i^adi^rnp, which hronght them in 
4,4X)0 gantangfi of padi. On dett^rmining to move Inche Lib's first 
step was to pay a visit to Kuala Langat in order to obtain an audience 
from Sultan Ma ho mad at Telok Pulai. He bad no difficulty in effecting 
this, and olitaine^l fiennission from H,IL the Sultan to move to any 
place he liked. Inehe Lib and his following accordingly removed and 
eetabbshed themselves at the foot of the bill near the mouth of Sungei 
Merbu, and gave to the new Hettlenn*nt tlie name of Baudar Kajang, 
after the ]ilace they had abandtmed. At Kuala Merbo he afterwards 
received a visit from H.H, SiUtan Mahomad. who proclaimed him l>ato* 
Bandar of the *' district " of Kajang, and gave him a seal with authority 
to rule the <*ountrY from Sabak Dua downstream as far as Suhang 
Hilang. After staying about L5 days, tbt* Sultan returned t>o Kuala 
Langat, leaving instructions for the new Dato* Bandar to try and 
start mining oj^eratioiis at Sungei Merbu. Toh Lib* as he must now 
be calle^i, siil to work l>y introducing three Chinese Tuwkays from 
Klang (P Kuala Lumpur) — viz,, Ah Nyu, Ah Pow and Kah Sut — who 
commenced work at tiret with ouly ten coolies. Thr mining wjm> 



auceefisful and the thn^«; Towkays made enoui^li to retire on, in spite 
uf the low prii?t^ of tiu. Event nally the Hrsl-imTni^d Towkay died at 
Kajaxig, the seroiid rulnrued to Klan^^; and I lie third to China, Latter, 
one Ah Keh (a Hokien Ohiiiene from Kiinchou|2^) start<?d to mine 
Bougei Kladi in coinpanv with Chay Toon, and the ''Towkav Bahni** 
i^t authority from Raja Al>dul Samad to upi^n the local '' Farms.' ^ 

Befort* this, however, alvnit a dozen Americans, with a following of 
8ome 60 Or^jfuj Hitam (" Blaeks/') eaine upstream, took posReseion of 
Rekoh, and started suecesKful niinin j/ ojierations at Snngei Tangkaa,* 
Ab, however, they had not conaulted the Toh Perkana, otherwise 
known a8 Toh Pawan^ Besiar (the "* Great Meflirine-man '*), the latter 
sought out Toh Bandar Lili and eoniplained l^itterly of their infriuj^e- 
ment of hisi privile^a* (t tf ' open m^ " mi nen ) . Tiie Toh Bandar api>eared 
to sympathise with him, and he tberefore conspired with four or five 
" ora?i^ Teinhuaai," who after two or three dayn' interval *" lun amuck *■ 
at the Americans In htn i»rder8. with the residt that three of the 
Americans, and six ov seven of their native fcillower^ were killed, the 
attack takin;^: place by ni^ht, sn t!mt the asr^ailaQtH were aide w^ithout 
^lifticulty to set tire to the htnise (which wa** built of plank k) and «tal> 
the i mates aa they citme t*ut. Tlu' survivtirs (led and established 
themselvea for a time at Baj^an Tercndah near Pasanji^n, a tid sub* 
sequently made their way dowiistreaui to Kuala Litn^'at. Subsequently 
the Toh Pawancr (PerkasaJ died at abritit 05 years of age and was 
huried at the ** Old Farm'* (Pajak LaniaL near Rekoh, leaviug behind 
a son named Pah Sirum, who is said to live at Lengginj,?. The deceased 
was of jjrreat fame throutjhout the eouutry and wan reputed to have 
the pi>wer of turning' stone into ore, and vice wthiL 

Toh Bandar Lili died iibout the Sfime time, likewine at an advaneed 
age. and Raja Ab<lid Sanmd. bein^' then Sultan of Selangor. ^ave hi«t 
seal and j<»int authority to T(»h Bandar P'^»k and Nakhoda Umar in 
plaoe of Toh Bandar Lili, their near relation. 

Aliout l^ yearn later they both died and the En^dish Oovernmeni 
came in. and Tuan Syers liecamt* Ma«^i»trate of Kajeug. After this 
Raja Kahar was i>laced in charjjfe of lvajan^^ and was 8uet*eeded by 
Inche AImIuI Rahman (otherwise known an Pen^^hulu Che' Man), wha 
held the post of Penghuhi till his death, when the present holder of 
the post, Tahya bin Sidik, a ^miudson (by marriage) of Toh Bandar 
Lili, took hie place as Penghuh* of Kajang. 

F0BT8: — The fort at the Kajang jM^lice station was l>uilt by Kaja 
Lant; and that at •* Kampong Bukit" by Nakhoda Umar. The 
Rekoh stockade was erected by Unku Tua of Sungei tljong, and at 
Lubok Landas, one of the Menangkabau chiefs, named Raja Layang, 
when hard pressed hy Nakh**da Unmr and Raja Mahmud, erected a 
stockade of plantain stems, which it was snijposed would stop the 
bullets from penetrating into the enclosure - 

The Plantain Fort, however (Kuhu Pisang), was very easily taken 
by Raja Mahmud on his way to R<^knh, and Raja Layang fled, he is 
now said U> reside at UIu Klaug, 

• Xlte iltt« oi Uw AutHriimsi MtttWitHMil ni IU*knii lany |>erit»|M be roughly put at IS^. 


Piratical Haunts: — Que of the liaunts moat favoured by free- 
booters waa Lubok Tiijoh, below Rekoh. A gang of Kawa men used 
to infest this place uuder Che Keehil and Imam Prang Friok (the 
latter a Kampar maii), Tht^ spot in partieiilarlj well adapted for 
piratical attacks, owio;^ to the serpentine winding's of the Langat 
Eiver at this p4»int ; and they used to get away to Labu with their 
Ij-ooty after every successful raid* 

SHEiirKS;^ — The chief '* Kramats ** in the district are Makain Toh 
S&yah (the tomb *>f a Javanese of hi^li repnte) ; Makam Said Idris, 
at Rekoh; Said Idris beiuir the father of the Peoghuhi of Clieras; 
Makam Ti>h Jang^ut [d. Kampar man) on the roiiil to Cheras; 
Makam Toh Gerdu or Berdu at Duiam Tiia, Ulu Langat, Toh Berdu 
was of Sakai origin. 


The Penghulu of Cheras^ Said (or Habib) Yahva, states as 
foUowe : — The settlement of Cheras commenced al>oiit ffirty yearn ago, 
the first headmen who settled there Ix-ing Khatib Rawi, of Bembau, 
Penglima Raja, a Kuantan chi*4', and Mulmnied Aniiu and Penglima 
Itam, also of Kuantan origin. 

They were succeeded by Dato* Banrlar Patok, but the latter about 
aeTen years later got into trouble hy harl>tiuring freelxxiters (notably 
one Penglima Prang Friok) the news of which came to the ears of 
Capitan Ah Loy (and Tunku Maluli) so that Tnan Sheikh Moha- 
nied All entered Cheras under orders from Tuan Davidstm and Tuuku 
Dia Udin ; whereupon Toh Bandsir Patok tlefl to Rekoh. 

Some time alter this event there was tight iuti at Cheras between 
Capitan Ali Loy, of Kuala Lumpur, and the (Toh Bandar's) Mendeling 
men, the latter under Haji Asil and Raja Mumpaug. In this fight, 
which tCHik place at 4 a.m. at the stockade i>t' Haji Sabid, two of the 
Toh Bandar's men were killed— viz., Haji Mat Amin and Haji 
Mohamed Saleh- -Ix^th Rawa men, and both goldsujiths, aud Cheras 
was thereupon abandoned, and Mohamed Ali was recalled by Tuan 
Davidson and Tuiikn Dia Udin's orders. Three years later Che Ngah 
settled at Cheras and alx)ut a year later I myself married Che Ngah's 
daughter. About two months and a half later, at about 3 a.m., we 
were attacked by a gang of Chinese robbers about 80 strong, but 
repulsed them with the loss of alx>ut 14 of tlieir number. Thereupon 
Tuan Syers L-ame to fct^'h me to Kuahi Lumpur where I was examined 
by Tuan Douglas, but everything was found satisfactory and I returned 
to Cheras, where about eii months later auother gang of Chinese, 
about 20 strong attacked us, but we struck at one of them and broke 
his hick and brought him prisoner to Kajang where he rtmiaiQed about 
three months. At the coraraencement of the next year Cbe Ngah 
waa attacked, and a Menangkabau Malay was killed, whereupon we 
requested Tuan Syers to allow us to build a police station for our- 
selves; the i-equest was granted, and there waa no more trouble. 

Sementih and Bebanang. 

The Penghulu of Semcnyih, Raja Mahmiid, states:— Semenyih was 
founded alx)Ut forty years ago, the founders Ijeing Tunku Sutan and 



Mefetika Malim. l»oth Kawa men. who wen* fH^en authority Ui settle 
there by the Toh Kliiim Java Piitra. S^mmyib htMii*^' tht'ii atl ministered 
as part of Semujoii*^^ territ4»ry, Sh^*rtlv afterwiirda they se|>anLted, 
Tnukii Sut4iJi fitettling at Beraimng and !hrfe&tika Malim renminiug at 

Now Mestika Maliiii ^mt a dai%'ht*.-r tif t3Lii>eruutiiniI l^iniyty whose 
uame was Yang, and li<-r I mud was sou^^ht by Said A man, the Toh 
Kkna's '*Muiitn/* who.He ^uitwa^s. It owever, refused by Me»tika Malim 
and who therefore apjieuled to Toli Klima. Toh Klaua )jave orders 
to Said Aiuan and liaja Huris^nn to feieli I he girl, but they met with 
a point blank refusal from Me«tika Malim, wherefore Toh Klana gave 
orders t*» Said Amaii aud Raja Hvi«^eiii to eolleet their following and 
alt^M'k Mestika Malitii, 

Therenptju they took the tield with a force nnml>erin|^ from two to 
thnv hundred men, and on tlieir way to Setnenyih stoppd for a ni^ht 
at Beranang. Next day thi-y jiron^eded to Semeuyib, ^mly to find 
that Mestika Malim had fled to Pahan<?, takin*; his danghti-r with hjiu, 
and that not a soul wjus to \)e seen. They tlierefore liad to eoutent 
tlieniselveti with burn in j^^ Mestika Midi m 'a h<*H8e to the ground, and 
the utter destruction of his '* kamfMnvg." It was 8ul>ft*^*|uently turned 
into a buifalo jH-n ikandmuj kerbati) whirlx still exists. 

Seuienyih bein^' thus denerted T«*h Klana gave orderK for Tnuku 
Sutan to move thither fnmj I^_^ranang, But Tiuiku Siitan, fearing that 
as the Semenyih River was a tributary of the Hiver Ijan};faf, it 
shoukl rightly l»t^ eousirlered aw part of the Klani^' territA>ry iveolved to 
pay a visit to Bnkit Jugra and obtain authority from thv Sultan of 
Selangor. Thia hi- did, and H.H. approved bis appH cation, on the 
{rroiiud that Semenyih was in Klan^^: territory. On hi** return journey 
he met the Tnnku Pani^lima Raja tiud Ijegged for provisions to take 
him ba< k» and Tunkn PanglJnm Raja ^live him a koyan of riee. 
Thereafter Tunku Sutan reimiined at Senienyiii under authority from 
the Sultan of Selani^or, and eommeneed to keep liuffaloes and plant 
padi, and Raja Hussi-in married Raja Miriam, Tunkn Sutan's daughter, 
who was born in Pahang and who i« still alive. After the marriage* 
Tunkn Sutan dele^^nited his authority to his son-in-law, who held it until 
the arrival of the English » when Raja Amin was sent to Semenyih and 
Raja Hussein t<» Bt-ranang. Before this hap]>i'ned, however, when Toh 
Klana Yiwop |daycd false and ref\ised to pay in Raja Hussein the 
hundre^l dollars a month whi(di he had promised him for his assistants 
in the matter of the Klanashi|", Kaja Hussein resi>lved to separate 
from the Toh Klana. and did so on the grounds that Bukit Sepam 
was the immemorial lioundary between the two States, and that the 
Beranang was a tributary of the Laiigat River. 

* Eaja Amin was Penghulu at Semenyih for some years» when he 
was dismissed, and retired Ui Sri Meuanti, and Raja Mahmud, the 
present Penghulu, took his plaee. The older name *>f Si.^menyih wa« 
Sungei Munyit, and the older name of Sungei Ijalang, Snngei 

The first mine at Semenyih was started by a Hokien Chinese* Chay 
King, and the second by Towkay T, Man Jin (of Macao),— W, S. 




fOR the main imideuts of this uuiTaiive I am iiidebU»cl ti3 the 
il<>!i>irhtfiil " Aiitul)iof>nn>hy of a Peiia Donti," by that vi^'t^^riiu 
|tioriefr and colonist Mr. Wilham Bovd; and I tnist that if 
be is bving, and this ever meets his eye, he will good*naturedly 
forgive my act of joumalistie '* pii*aev." 

Before proceeding, I mnst state that the names of the persons 
fi^niring in my t;ile are fictitious ; first, Ix^cause Mr. Boyd withheld 
iU'tiial names, for a publication of them wonld have given iinne<v*s8ary 
paLu to the Kurvivors of the nnforfunale man. who way the last victim 
of a l>iLrbarons law which had for countless year a dit^^^raced both iiniis 
of the British service, naval and uiilit^iiy ; aud next» that the official 
recordn of the Ishmd gave me im clue to them. 

CharleH Mawicrton enbisted under that name, be served as sjUcb. be 
offended as such, and he died an wnrh ; and with tlie exception of a 
very few who knew his real name, and who, for the yame reason as 
Mr. Boyd» refused to reveal hia identity, Charles Mast,ert<vn was buried 
as Charles Masterton, 

The opening' scene of this tnigedy wat< laitl in the l)eantiful 
eonnty of Surrey, in far-off Enj^hiud. A sunlit uiorninj^'- in the nictnth 
of May, 184<J. Two jhtsous were walkiutf side by side, thnnij^h one of 
those cbarnung lanes whieii form one of the many attractions ui that 
deli!<htful part of Enf^land. 

One from bis dress was evidently a clergyman of the Chiuvb of 
England. He was a fine good-li.M>khig young fellow, with honeet blu** 
eyes, and every inch looked the " iithletic i^wirson/' 

This was Charles Masterton. and his eoniiniiiiou. a handsome girl 
of about 18 years, was Mona Mooekton, only child and heiress of the 
richest man ami greatest magnatt^ of the county. Sir Guy Monckt^m, 
of Monckton Towers. 

Masterton was the curate of the village, and curates, even fifty 
years ago, were as proverbially penniless as they are (or are eupi»ose<l 
to l>e) now ; yet he aspired to the hand of the richest heiress in the 
eonnty ^ and she returned the Iovl^ of the handsome young man. who 
had liecn ber hero from chiMhood. 

Sir Guy had not the faintest idea of this understiinding In'twt^en 
the two, and thi'ir l>eing so often in each other^s society he aseriljed 
to the fact of their cbildhood's friendship. B^'sidcs, whenever the 
baronet eonHded to the cunite bis hopes (»f a brilliant alliance for his 
danghter, Masterton aj>i*eared so utterly indifferent that, even had Sir 
Guy any suspicions, tbey weit; lulled by the indiffeiTnce displayed by 
the fonner. 

The lovers knew the nseleasnesa of a[>[iealing to Sir Guy for hifl 
ganotion to their union, for when once the l>aronet had set his mind 
on anything be was as adamant, and nothing would move him. 
Tbey ihereforf resolved to do away wilb tbc |>aternal con Rent, and Im* 
mnrrijHl, How little ilid either foresee what this determination would 
cost at least one of them, 

Uue« this resolution arrived af, tbciv was* v*^^*n^ to pit?veot its 



\mng carried into i fft»ct, and one niorninf^ Sir Guy I'eceived a letter 
from hi« daughter, iu forming him that slie had y^tme to hi' the curate's 

The ohi iiiau wiis furious, ami haviii^^ aseertaiiuvl tliat the CiUiple 
had sitiirted for London, lost no time in following' tlienu and arrived at 
the inn the eoople were staying at a rhiv or two after the elo|^iement. 

He found his dangliter nXom: (Masiti^Hoii having gone to procure 
the marriage lifenKe), and, learning from her that she had not yet beett 
married, frnx'iljly took her away. 

When Maaterton rt^turiied the landlady inf(n*med him of what 
had t^iken place; and thinking that Mona had been carried off to 
Mouektou Towers, he iiiinictliately followed. 

Arriving there he was informed that the family were away, and no 
one knew where they had gone to. The disappoiuti^d lover returnee:! to 
hi8 house, only to meet witlj fresh tr<Mildc in the sha^M? of a letter 
from the churchwardens informing liiui that his recent conduct was 
unlieeomuig his cloth, and that he was no longer to consider himeelf 
the euiT' of thofc«;i» *• immamlate " sonls. 

Masterton was perwiuulrd that 8ir tliiy's inHuenre Iiad brought 
this alwut, and that no ])r«>b'st (and what protest could he have made 
aftfr what had occuit(hJ) would avail hini. H*' theivfon* sulmiitted to 
the inevitable, and imving disponed of his few tjelongings left for 
lioinlon, where he ho|>ed, with the hel[> of his <dd college friends, U) 
tind a living. 

He did not despair of finding Mona at some futnre time, but he 
well knew that in hit* present cireumfitances it wovdd he madness to 
ccmtinue any such Henrch ; for Sir Guy's wealth enabled him t^ travel 
into lands which Mast«-rton*8 means wtiuhl not permit him to even 
dreau* of. He therefore ap]4ied himself to set^k for s.une employment ^ 
a« the little money he had was dwindling away and starvation was 

He called on some of the friends he relied ui>on, and was t^ild as 
uft*-n a« he called that they were " i»nt.** At hist Mastert«>n found that 
this pobte, " not at home ^* was in reality a ref usaf to see him, and Ijeiug 
a man of a sensitive natui'e he gave up the attempt of asking for help 
from any of those '* friends." 

Re<lnce»l to hin last sihilli ng, and having been plainly told by his 
landlady that sin- allowed no credit, poor Masterton was del>ating 
what he shuiild do. The oidy alternative was suicide, l)ut this his 
uniral training ivjected as c:t>wardly, and he shrnnk fr<mi en<bng his 
miseries with a bullet, or a plunge into the dark waters f>f tlie Thames, 
as many misemble waifs of the nughty city of Londcm had done. 

Wliilst he was brooding over his bitter prospects, a recruiting 
Bergeant happened to visit the locality, and, meeting with Maaterton, 
noted his dejected appeanince. 

The sergeant at tmce knew that Mastertou was down on his luck, 
and, l)eing struck by his figure, was detennined to enlist him. It did 
not tiike much (H'rsuasion in Masterton's then state of mind, and 
before he was wtdl aware of the fact he had taken the Queen's shilling 
and enlisted in H.M. — Ft»ot. 




To follow Mast-ertou through the mysteries of the •* gooae-step '* 

and otlier details uei"e8»arv to trauBt'orm thi- raw i^^ruit into the 
tliorouph fti.iWit?!', would be ueedbss, aod wearisome iu the reader; let 
it then l*e fluffieieiit to know that in a tew monthb the re^mieut to 
will ell h*' ix'longed was ijrdereil off to Ceylon, and iirrived there a8 
soon as the maritime seniee m tlutm* days eould have effected the 

MaMerton wa.s by nature reserved, and his trouljfes had increased 
that reserve. By those wlio knew not the nuia, and his UiBtory, he 
wa^ put down a^ Bullen and morose, and the rank and file vottnl Jiini 
** stuck up," for lM*yond the daily routine olf military duties, he did not 
join them in their * larkti/* A sergeant of the ctinipany t > which 
Ma^tertou tielon^feti was his persistent enemy. This man (a K»w 
ruffianly bully) in every way tried to find fault with hijii, and cjue day 
in a fit of exaspemtion at being falsely aeeused of druakeimesn, 
Mast-erton gave the man the lie direct. 

The sergeant lost no time in reporting the matter, and w^heu 

Lieut. V (the oflicer on duty) eanie up to enquire, he found 

Masterton hibouring under great exeitement, and inclining to l>elieve the 
luergeant's stateineut, ordered Mastertou under arrest. This unjust 
treatment s<i incensed him, that losing all control, he raised his hand 
and «tmck Lieut. V acmss ihv face. 

Lieut. V - — was in tlie same coJIi'ge with Musterton at Oiford, 
and was a close friend of his. He was acquainted wtth Masterton's 
history and dimply sympathised with hinj. at least as much as au 
officer could with the private under his command ; and when the blow 
was struck he turned on his friend a look nnu^e of anguish than anger; 
for he well knew timt that blow was Mastertou's death-kuell. 

The latter, wdien the first el)iillition of his rage had passed, fnlly 
realised his situation, and knew that death stared him in the face. 

In due time a court martial was held. Lieut. V very reluctantly 

giving his evidence, and the court finding Masterton guilty, sentenced 
him to death. 

This finding, although fully exjiected by all, sent a thrill of horror 
through the whole comnumitY of Colomlx), ami many were the efforts 
made by all classes to obtain from the an t ho n ties a mitigation of the ' 

Sympathy with theiuvfortunat-e man was so great that a deputation 
of the leading ladies of the town waited on the Governor to pl^ad for 
ti»at yoimg fair life ; but all efforts were unavailing. The law had to 
be vindicatetl. 

Ceylon was theu in a ferment. The natives wer*-* in relH.dlion, 
martial law hail l>een proclaimedp several cases of desertion and insub- 
ordination ha/1 incurred, and w^ere daily occurring in the ranks ; and 
although even the authorities were in sympathy with the condemned 
man, they were unwilling to interfere^ with the sentence passed ; for 
fear that such leniency would have a bad effect ou the troops and 
vitiate the rigid discipline which was thi'u being enforced. 

Masterton, who from the first was fully aware that no hi>j>e c»f a 
mitigation could be ein»ected, prei^ared himself for death, which as 



wiW BubaequeDtly be aeen be met with the fortitude and courage of a 
man and a soldier 

A few days previous to his eiecii'ion he 8**nt for a friend who was 
shortly to leave for Engknd, and enl mated him with a letter of fare- 
well to Mona, 

The morning of the execution dawned. A dull heavy cloudy 
momiufcT. It seemed as if Nature* bt'rsi»lf [Totested ai^ainst the earrjintr 
out of a barbarous sentience, and veileil her faee from the awful tragedy 
whieh waii shortly to l>e enacted. 

From a very early hour p^eople from all parts began to assemble 
and by eight o'elock the vast ]>lauu at Uiille Pace was crowded with all 
sorts and conditionH of men, wbo tninie either from sympathy or 

After a while the troops in garrison marched in and were 
formed in hue, Preciaidy at a fpi.irtcr ]nisi ei^htthe condemned man. 
under the Provost MarNhal'M vruard, arri'red at the place of executiun, 
and was placed with hin liack ai^iinst the dark frowning waMs of 
the ^ini uld Ehitch Furt. At his* request he waa not Idiodfolded. 
and after henrin^ his death fwmtciice read» Masterton addressed bis 
eotnradeH, acknowledging the justic*^ iif bi8 sentence and asking them 
to take a warning by his fatf\ H(^ then engaged in silent prayer* and 
for a few minutes there was the silence of death in the vast crowd. 

One who witnessed that seeoe eon Id never forget it. The black 
Imck ground of the fort walla, that calm pale yet dignified t*eutre 
figure in tbi^ awfid tragedy. Tlie hushed silent concourse of specta- 
tors. The death dealing sc[uad facing the 4'ondenuu'd. It was a 8ight 
never U) be forgotten. It livefi in my memory even after the lajjse 
of so many years. 

Suddenly the alienee was broken by a sharp word of iH>mmand, 
the rifles were bro\ight to the shonldcr. 

" Fire." The crash of a volley, and Cbarl*-^s Mast^rtou's soul had 
gone to seek the mysteries of tb» great Unknown. He had '* crossed 
the bar;* 

Many a suppressed sob now broke out, and many a strong mm\ 
fainted in that dense crowd. 

Another moment, and the troops wheeled round and ti3 the strains 
of the Viand marched back to the i^utimmeiits. The crowd slowly 
melted aw^u^ and the bl»'eding, mangled bo^ly of Maslerl'Ui was 
cnflincd and bckrue to its last resting |4ac*e in the beautiful little 
eemefery at (la lie Face. And now comes another at't in tliis trag^^dy 
in real life. Walking down the parade at Guile Face on the evening 
of the execution I met a funeral coi'teg*\ also a military one, and from 
the sword and cap on the coffin it was jdaiuly that of an officer. On 

empiiry I learnt that it was that of Lieut. V , wbo bad expired 

that morning at almost the same hour as Masterton was shot. 

Enfeebled, sufl'enng from a long-standing and wasting malady, 

the si lock of his friend's terrible death was too nindi for poor V 's 

already enf»vd>led frame, and he j>assed away almost at the same time ' 
his friend wa^ done to death. 



Who can tell, but that thvir souIb had passed together through the 
portals i>f thi' mystic uiiReoe ? 

Aiid there Iiy the f>alni fringed shores thev lie side hy side in the 
little uemetery, the waves of the Indian Ocean moaning a never- 
ceasing reijuiem over their gmvee. — J. F. 


f IPtf Jo n&t hold (mrteli^s retpontibh/or th& opinioi^ 9^t^u«d hg oftr CQrr«0p<m4tnn,^ 


RAINFALL, 1896. 
Tq the Editor qf the 8ehing&r Jtmmal. 

Sib, — In sendmpryon the annual rainfall ff>r pqblii-aiiou, I am glad 
t-o lie a I ill' to include n'toriis taken on several coffee estates. I have 
utihsed these to show, im far as possihle, the rainfall in earh di.strir-t. 
Where no return « have been received from estatea in anv jdauting 
difitrict I have given the Goveroment retums taken at the District 

I hope that another year I may receive returns from at least one 
estate in ea<'h district, as, m*>re esperially in the case of large estates, 
the rainfall ma> be very materially a0ci*ted l\v the clearing away of 
the jungle, and it would be of value to an intending planter to know 
the actual niinfall on an oj>ened estate near where he intends to plant. 

I have to thank those planters who have sent me returns for 1896, 
and I hope tliat I may receive them regularly each year, 

Th*^ monthly totals are all thai is necessary, and they should reach 
nie in January of the f^jUowiug year. 

The usual chiiH of rainfaH for the last 18 yeara^ taken at the 
Genend Ho8pitah Kuala Luinpiir. is attached, with the fall for 1896 
given in a broken line. It will l>e et^t^ft that A'bile generally following the 
average monthly fall the return for 18lJtiis remarkalile for an eitreraely 
dr>^ Ft»bruary» when only 0.91 inch fell, and an unusually heary fall 
in the last <puirter— viz*, 17J1 inches in Octol*er, 18.85 inches in 
Noveniljer and 15.07 inches in Deeemljer. — I am, etc., 

£. A, O. Tbatbes. 


K. Lumpur {Xr«^,A;;;r„T' 

[ Vlik l^inpkt I lh-». 

K. Kiibu. Do. 
























riK 1 iiK 













VI m 

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1 K" 


11. 27 

111 ;t^ 





.7.4K.i.uU.^I aX'» t;i.^^ui.4M* 

No. 20.— Vol. Y.—lltk Junv, 180?. 


THE JUBILEE— or rather the prejvaratious for celebratinjjr it— is 
perva^liiig the town, and more espetially the ueij;hlK)urhood of 
the Parade Ground. The triumphal arches, the structures for 
wayongs and mayon^s, for flower show and for destruction by fire, are 
all rapidly approaching completion, and if the weather during the 
four days is anything like fair the festivities should prove to be quit^^a 
Carnival time. The whole of the arrangements are given in the 
Official Programme which we publish with this issue of the JovrnaL 
The demand for accommodation in the ** capital " will l)e greut, and no 
doubt far-seeing peoi)le will in advance engage rooms either at the 
Victoria Hotel or the Rest House. 

DuBiNQ the Jubilee Celebration the S.G.R. will issue from all 
Btatious to Kuala Lumi)ur return tickets at single fares. 

Mr. Arthur Kkysek, Collector and Magistrate, Jelebu, we are 
sorry to hear, is reiM)rted to be seriously ill; J)r. Travors has been 
summoned t^> attt»nd him and has gone to-day (Friday) by the 
Esmcrahh, which will return to-morrow, bringing up Mr. J^irch, acting 
Resident, Negi'i Sembilan. 

Me. F. a. Toynbee, who is at ])refc''ent in Europe, has married 
Mrs. J. P. Stuart. We have not heard whether Mrs. Toynbee intends 
to revisit this part of the world. 

On the 5th ult., at Streatham Common, the wife of Mr. 1). J. 
Highct of a daughter. 

Mbs. E. V. Carey and family have returne<l to Kuala Lumpur. 
Mr. Carey is renting Mr. H. O. Maynard's residence, Damansani 
Road. " * 

Db. J. W. Welch will shortly be leaving i\} take up his ap]x>int- 
ment in Perak, His head-quarters will be at Batu Gajah, where 
Captain Lyons is also stationed ; we hear that the latter gentleman 
will soon bo going on la "'*' bas not yet l)eeu stated who Dr. 

Welch's suc<x'bsor at f I will be. 


Captain Syerb has returned tci Kmila Lumpur, and will Ite with 
us yiitil lifter Ihe Jiilnlee Celebmtioii, 

Mb. Dykes, furinerlv uf tl^e Perak Service, antl rpf4.^ntly in <-harge 
**f Mi\ E. A, Wul««nrs estate at Bentong. has lK?en a{ipc>iiiU'd a Warden 
uf Mines for 8rlan^tn\ 

Mr. 'Bathurbt. CnlUx't^r t>f Land Revenue, Ne^ri Sembilan, has 
returned froiD lon^ leave, and is at present acting in Singapore as 
St^rt'tary tu H.E. tlie Hij^di Cnmiiiissioner, F.M.8. He will lat*T on 
iwjt fur Mr. Keyyer, CuUeetur and Magistrate, Jelebu, when tiiat gentle- 
man ^Kii to Euru[>e. 


Mu. A. J. Brigley, of the Perak Sendee, arrived in SSelangor uii 
5tli inBtrtnt to aet aw Ci)ief Bun'eyor. 

Mr. J. Brown, who has often diittiugnished himself aa a ]>ri7«- 
winner ut the anniml eonipetitions of the 8.F,B.. luis l>een appointed 
a Lieutenant in the Brigade. We are told tlnii the appointment ia a 
ver}' popular one anaong the memljorts. 

Mr. C> E. F. Sanderson, we hear, haH l>een apjiointed a Tniatec 
of the V^ictoria luHtitution in place of Mr. E. M. Alexander, 

Mr. Leonard Wray. State Geulogifit and Cumtor of the Perak 
MnKeimi, has recently Ix^en in Kiiahi Luiiipnr to oflieiaHy report on 
the 8elangur Museum, hin repent is printed below. 

A riKE olfl tiger was shot hy Mr, Brooke on the Hth, and \mug 
brought iu from Batu Caves in a eart^ wuh the centre of an a<lmiring 
asHembly outside the Selangor Club, on its way to the Museum to be 

tikiuned by Mr, Samuel. 

In the last Sehmjor Gazette is an interest iug juTomit of a journey 
through Ulu Kuaatan to Fekftn by way of the Teml»!*ling, UTideiiaken 
by Mr, Hug^ Clifford with the oLjeet of obtiiining ** some idea of this 
Urge traet of enintry whic'i has not hitherto bet^u traversed by any 
Euro[»eaii, aud ity very few natives, and iiho to gain iuforuiation as to 
the Ue of the etnxutry by meaus of whieh it may l»e poMsible t-o construct 
A bridle-pitU from Ulu Kuantan to Kuahi Tendieliug «♦► as t«j facilitate 
comniuuieatiou with hejid-i|Utirlers when Kuala Jji]U£j i» made the 



capital of the Stat-o.*' Plenty of niiiiliapa, in the way of upsets in Mbixjt- 
ing rapid K and in fiicounU^nng snugH, Camping, one nit^lit, on tliu 
Cberesj Rivt-r, Mr. Cltffortl writen. that the only iririrliMif wurt!! noting 
was "that uiy dog-oiit sprang n leak ami fillud with water* and I awoke 
from a dream of an Aretir exj'>editiou tri tin*l myself lying in two 
inehes of water. The whole of my l>eclding* blanketn, etc., wen^ wetted 
thrnogh and thrnugh. and, ati we liad l>nt little «*pportnnity nf drying 
anything fur I he next t-iglit diiys, I Iwid to luake the hewt of amlden 
coverlets »nd wringing-wet liedding. F<«r the infi*rnuitiou of travellers 
it may W nciled that the Ko-ealled * eork ' inaitr*iS8 hidd« water in greater 
cpmnti1ieb\ and for a longer time tJian any other form of heddii^g of 
which I have had eiperienep.'* 

The folh»wiug is the propotied [irogmnimo for cornniemnrtLting in 
Negri Seml^ilan the Diamond Juhilee of Her tirarion.s MnjeNty 
Quee n Vie \\y nii : — 

Sutnht/, 2iJlh JfttH', IS!^h\ 

H aaiK Divine Serviee in St. Mark*ii Chureh. 

0.80 a.m. Parade of the Sikh Poliee. 

7 a,m. Attai'k on the Resiflency. 

7.45 a.m. Oaf>l Delivery, 

y a.m. Breakfaht to Hospital Patients. 

Iti sijii, Bpcnie for Sehocd Children : 

Uhi!dreu*s Sports umler 15. 
o p.m. 8|H*il8 fiH' AdnlLs, 1st day i 

Tngs-of-war Wivstling 

High Ji 


the Wi'ight 

Long Jump 
(rrrasy Pole 

1» pjlL 

Keeei>tiiH( Mt Um- io.sidein y : 
Coiitert and Daui-e. 

!). p.llL 

Chund PrfM'eHsinn of Chineiie, 
T(U Miinff. *^*ht*} J*ijn\ 

8 a.m. 

Bnlloek Car! Parade, 

1» a.m. 

Ghari Parade. 



SimrtK ff>r Ailidts, 2iul day, 

1.30. p 


Liim ii at the Chil». 

y p.m. 

Gnind Display 

i>f Piraworks 




A B1LI.JAH11B Hiindit-ap lias Weu starteil at the Lake Club, Tlicro 
are 30 entries autl the ^^ame will be 300 up. A hst of haiidicfi|*b ami 
results of raundtj will l»e puljlished later. 

On the 18th mst.^ there will he a sale by jmblic auction of towu 
lots, Suiigei Best ; purchasers miiHi, within a vear» erect a subBtautml 

houtie, value rS:iOO, uu each lot. On the 12th proximi^ suine 12 bk»ck» 

of agricTiltural land will be put up to auction, the blocks are situated 
in the Bukit Raja and Kapar Mukims of Klang. 

Mr. p. J, Nelson, Supt. P. aud T,. Penik, in his atinujtl rti»ort, 
writes : ** Before concluibni^' T would lyeg to l>e allowed to make a few 
remarks on the sulijei*! of ' addrcis8e8/ Ix^tb of tele^^rau»8 and letters. 
1 do not think the public (either official or private) can possibly Iw 
aware of the worry aud ti^ouble they give hy their eareleaanese iu 
addreasiog telegmms and letters. It ought not to he, but apimrently 
i«. ntcesBarv b> point out that notwithstAudiuf^ tuauv letlersj which are 
a^^ldretssed even in hieroglvphics, aro t^ometiines correctly delivered from 
many ] »08t officca through the exercise of some ingenuity on the |Hirt 
oi"a special departuient in some caseH, of a particular individual i>o8t- 
lurtwter i»r clerk in nthers ; such ought not to hv I be normal ciindition 
of corresjiMudenre pansiug llirou;^d» a pnst and telegrupli offirc yet, if 
one is to ji*dge l>y the maimer in wliicb nine-ieuthH td" the corre«ix>n- 
dence we have to deiil with m addressed, it would appear that the 
public iu the Straits Settlements and the Natii'e St-iitea eonsider thai 
an * address/ in the strict se-nse ^^f the word, Ih alfsulutely unnecessHry* 
(juite forgetting that in their own interesits they sliould do everything 
iu their puwer U* facili+ate the delivery of a telegram or letter^ and 
not render it more difficult, and that the most minute particular**, 
under anch circnm«tauce.s, tiiv never out of place* The same nnuarkt* 
upply to the writing of addresset* and, in the case of telegramn. of the 
whole of a telegram. It is astotiiehing bow careless |»eople can Ix* in 
writing out tcU grams, very often al>Bolutely unintelligible to the clerks 
who have tu mgnal them (tbouj^di their inleOigeuce should not lie 
conaidered us a factor in question), and, whtxi errurs are made thri»ugb 
miBi^ading, how very important such telegrams turn out to l>e, I 
should hke to impress on the piiblie. private and official alike, the 
necessity for regarding 11 department like mine not a.H an aggrt*gate of 
human l^eiugs capable of exercij^ing intelligence and judgment, but 
as a huge pieee of machinery of which postmasters, clerke, etc., are 
merely component j)*irts, Tlie maintaining of the miichiuery iu any* 
thing like decent working order is quite diftieuU enough, aJid Uie 
Bourceis of error fhr*jugb inifier feel ions are sutHciently aumerouK, with- 



out l>eing adiletl to hy fareleaaness im tli*> paHof ihepuliliethHiieeli'Os^ 
lu t'OtinectJon with tolegrams it is l:H?cofnin^ iucreasinglv evitleut every 
day that a liurd and fast liiie unisi l^e ilmwii, a t<4t'gmtii will have t^ 
be sent out but ouce to a spcs^ific adtlreys» an^l if ivfusnJ, or if the 
address is not Hiiflicieut, it luuHt be rL'j^>orletl as Tindeliveri'tjl. While a 
messenger is hunting all o%'er the place for aii addrrsst'e other telegrama 
are prolmbly waitiuj^ to Ix? seot out, and it id also impossible under 
such eir<nim8tan<'es to control the uiesisengers." 

'*Ko small interest its now bein^ taken liy planters in the qnt'Stion 
of shade for coffee, and it is becoming more and more apparent to the 
least observant that suitable shelter is an absolute necessity in these 
days »>f coffee ndturc. Wliiit with thr* Hcarcity of manure, luid lea£ 
disease likely t(» make its a|»pcamnc^' at any time. In a vindent form» 
no planter of latter day exi>erienec will for a moment deny that the 
only way to make coffee a success (as well as make the working of the 
staple 50 |M^r cent, f heapcr) isj to get up shailf cpiicklvp for it has been 
proved beyond !lie ghost of a doubt that coffee cukivated under w»41- 
regnhitetl shade will rwjuire a minimum of manure (in faet some 
types of shade tree such as the Ertjlhrtntt Liihoi^iwrtm will give coffee 
all the manure it needs). Weeding, handling, etc., and the working 
of the soil, wuJl all be reduced to a minimum of cost under the lienigu 
influence of shade, and last Init not least, coffee will last indefinitely 
under the «ime influence. L^m iking at coffee as a sfieculatiou without 
Rhade, and de[»end!ng on the precarious supply of mttle, and profuse 
supply of cliemical nianiu'es, is, to say ibe least, a very gloomy out- 
look ; for a time will come when the old staple (after being bled and 
faret*d tx) yield with all kinds of t<mics iti the shape of artificial 
mjuuires) will throw up the sfionge and simply tlie out ; each seasim 
its root power will grow more feei>le, fin<] in tlie cud it will not respond 
to any manures. Now, men who liave gime in for suitable shade, 
have proved that that, and that olonei is the solution of tlie problem 
of F^sonable and sensible coffee cultivution.*'— Jftiffr^j* Mmi 

The Comiiiittee of the Selangor Museum desire to acknowledge 
with thanks reeeipt of the following advlitions during the month of 
April, 1897: From Captain H* C. Syers, peact»ck and hen, three 
plovers, a teal, and two kingfishers ; Mr. A. B. Luke, a eaterptUar 
and ehr^'salis enemy to the coffee i>lant ; Mr. L. Lazarufi, a wood 
fungiis; Dr, Welch, some snakes and a grassho|)per. 

The naml>er of Visitors dunng April .,, 1,737 

Previonslv .,. ,.. ... ._ ... tJ,054 

ToIaI for 1B97 to date 




The Commit t<^e helJ a meeting' at the Museum on Wedn€»«tlay, 
ihe 9tL June, 1897. Preseut : Captain Svers (Chairrnan), Mr J. 
Ruftfiell, Mr, C. E, h\ Sjtuder«on. Mr A, R* Venning, Mr. L. B, Von 
Donop (Hon. SeeRHun), Mr, L. Wniv, Jr.. Curitor and State 
Geolo^'ist, Perak, ou a visit to Selanfyor, was also present. 

1. After iiifipt*etii]g the Museum the minute's of the last uieetinj?, 
held ou 28th Ma v. were reail siud irontirmed, 

2. A re|M»rt tpu tlie Museum hv Mr. L. Wray, Jr., was read. 
Kt^solvpil tlmt the Guvenimeut W Msked to ftunctiou tht^ following — 

viz., i*t) u Hum in tht* next year's eRtimates sufficient for the erection of 
a 8uittil)li' huildiu^'. 

(fc) That the amount voted thiw year for oon verting the old Post 
Office into a Museum In; transferred to the Museum vote to enable the 
Committee to ulitain at ouee the servirea of a qualified Taxideriuist 
and also t4j make certain necesBury additions for present requirements 
pending the completion of the pn>|>OBed new building, 

(c) That the salaries of a Curator and Taxidermist may be in- 
cluded in the Museum Estimates for 1808, the former to take effect 
frt>m the 1st July of that year, 

3. Beaolved that 8te|>B Ik? taken to obtain a collection of tlie postage 
stamps of the Native States, alno any coins that may be obtainable. 

4. Besolved that a collector be despatched to Pahang to collect 

5. Resolved that stt*pK l>p taken t-o obtain copies of all newspapers, 
liooks, etc.. jail dished in the State* 

6. Mr. Wmv kindly ecuisents to collect what he can uf intei^st for 
the Museum. Renolved that funds be placed at this gentleman's 
disposal for this pur|K)se. 

7. Captain Syera proposed and Mr. A, R. Venning seconded a 
hearty vote of thanks to Mr. Wray for his interesting report and also 
for att+^ndin^' the meeting' and giving the Committee the benefit of his 
valuable exjH^rieiice. Carried unanioiously, 

8. The Committee desire to acknowledge with thanks the foloTving 
additions during the montli of May, 1897: From Dr. J, L. Welch, 5 
l»ottle« of snakoB, etc. ; Mr. Naidu, an abnormal egg of a duck; Mr 
Pitiiqual. Kj>e<'imcu of wood found in a mine; Mr. I#. Lazarus, specimen 
of fungus ; Mr. M, Stouor, a rare snake. 

The numlver of Visitors during May .*, Lv^l 
Previouslv .., .., ... ... .*. 7,791 

Total for 1897 to date ,.. 9.532 
Report by Mr. Wray : — 

Kuak Lumpur, 7ih Jvm^ t897* 

To the Seliingor Museum Committee, Kuala Lumpur : 

Sirs,--! have the honour t** infonn you that in at*oordance with 
instructions received fnuu the Britinh Ri^wiilent froiu Perak, in R.-Q.O, 
^{43 97. I cauw to Kuala Lumpur {*> ijisj^ect and report cm tlie Selangor 



2. I fonutl the IniiMiB^ to lie fairly !Siiitul4(^ t\ir tlio piir pones nf a 
Museum, Lut murk too Hirmll. Tlit^ pi^sitiuii \s out i>t tJn^ way for 
Europeans and it' any \\^tter mw can K> foimti it would, extvpt uudi*r 
certain eouditious mentinii*-*! hiier od, In* inadvimLifL" tu att*nnpt 
enlargiug it, 

3. Comiiifc now to the eoUeetious, and ln"giijniii|_,' with zoology : I 
thinks the mammals are, without exception, bo liadly tiKHiiite<l that tliey 
may Ix? considered to l>e of no value whutevt*r. The Ijirds are niueh 
l>etter mounted and mij^ht well serve as a hnsh to work from. A 
eapahle taxidermist could relax and put many of the specimens into 
shape. In |KHnt of g|<eci^^s the collection is dc*i idedly •Jfimd. 

The fetnfTed snakes and i^lier reptiles ai\^ uf little or no value, hut 
there are some gtrnd spirit 8|>ecimen8 in excellent i,dasft jars and a few 
tortoises, etc., wortli prcservinj^^ 

The fish are the best part of the zoological deimrtiiient, and when 
segregated and worked out will fonn a good series. The insects 
proper, and also those ftirnis which are commonly included under 
this term, are limited in numbers and in poor condition 

There are a few cephalopods and land and many sea shells which it 
is, however, hard to say anything abrnit as they are so scattered in the 

The t^orals, sponges, etc., would form a veiT fair colleetiou if 

The ethnological collection is decidedly good and only i-equires 
arrangement and ticketing to make it of considenilde interest. The 
series of models of native boats, fishing a]>plianceH, mat wurk. weapons 
and Sakai gear are es^^ecially worthy of mentiou, 

Ecomiuiii- butauy can hardly be said to be reprcsentetJ. There are 
some w*a Iking sticks, bamboos, iiittaus, samples of woods, padi, coffee, 
j^»epper, etc., which of conrse would come in in any Bchenie of exten- 

Geology is at present represented by a few rock apecimens from 
Perak, Mineralogy and mining are also sparsely representeii. There 
are small collc<:tion8 of ores aud minerals; many of which are correctly 
named, though they are not yet arranged in any definite ord«r. 

Amongst the antiquities there are some interesting old tin coins, a 
few stone implements and several other objects. 

There are some recently -purchased scientific books which would l>e 
most useful for working out the collections. 

4. Taken all together the present <'r»lletti*m would form a very 
ui^ful nucleus lor the fomiatiou of a systematic Museum. 

5. Museums may Ik? roughly divided into three rlasses^ — viz., (*j) 
those which represent the whole scheme of nature, dmwing examples 
from all parts of the world ; (h) those which are devoted iA> a single 
branch of science or art or t-o the repi*eseatatiou of a limited geo- 
graphical ar*?a ; (f) and those which can only l*e correctly de*tcribed 
as curiosity shops. 




*l Tlje Sflauj^^or Miisf»tim at |»n'sent fall;* ia!«i cltisn (♦';, l»nt T 
presume it is the wish nf tlu* ComrnittiM' to plan* il in I'ljuts (/;). TLsit 
iH» to uiake it rqnvs4.'nt tlit.» State i»f Selaugor l»v a pn»perljr cUssilie*! 
eollectiou of the natural historv and uther productiuns of the State. 

7, To do this it would l)e necessary to engage the senriees o£ a 
Cm*ator ('«>mi»etent to carry out the classification and installatioo of tbi* 
collet'tions» It is doubtful if it would be possible to get a stiitakle 
man out from En^^datid on lower tei-nis than those now given in 
Singapore, that is ?80U per month. It will be rememWrtH-1 that after 
the death of Mr, Davidson, who had a siihiry of 5t^300 per uiouth, that 
lUi attem]»t wa^ made to get uue at 1^200. but it faded. For the 
zoologital de^>artraent of the Bangktjk Museum Lieut, Flower was 
reeently appoiiit<.^i at a salary of ii240 sterliug. 

8* A taxideniiist i& u\m a necessity, and it ia, hm has l>een found in 
Perak. an extremely difficidt thing to procure one, even an Asiatic or 
E urns ion. 

\K The pressent man would make an exeellent eiiretakcr and asRisfnnl 

Ul Judi;ing from the exj.»erietiee gninetl in Persik. the h*a6t spiu*e 
nccf^Ksary to arti»mmodiite ihe coHtvtion to fairly i*epresent the State 
r>n the lines indicate*! m the letter of the Museum Committee to the 
Uesident-Geuerah would be a building having a floor 8pai*e of alxmi 
17»CHX» square feet In designing it the requii-ementa should be taken 
into consideratiou iu the first instance; thongh it woidd not be ueces- 
Hari' that the whole building sliould In* up for some years to eome ; 
but if it were all designed at first the cases could then l)e built to lit 
the [Kjsitions in the Imildiug wluch fhey are ultimately di*stined 
to iX'cupy. 

11. 1 have lieen shown a jMi|>er in which I was asked to inspect the 
old Potit Office and give an opinion on it>* suitalnlity for the purpnseft 
of a Musi^um, I a<rordingiy went uver it and also saw the plfin» of 
the ground, ete. It w*ouKl ap|>ear thut if the l»Milding Wii9 altered by 
taking down all, or urtiriy all, of the pai"tition wall* on \ioih fltwDra and 
extending the upj>er fl^wir on either side o%er tlie Hat roof> of the lower 
floor, that the space would not lit* so great a« iu the present Museum. 
It wt>uld be, in fact, only al>out 3/20U sijuare fe<t against 3,t>or sijuare 
feet of floor npace in the present building. It is verj* doubtful if, 
when this was done, there would lie sufficient light to enable the 
c>bji*ct8 to be stvn. 

It would also Ije necessary to build a stairctise. as the eiisting ones 
:»re rjuite inadtHjuate and wrongly pWed* 

12. The sum of ,^1,51K) might prove sufficient to carry out the^ 
ajtemtions^ but the buUdiug even then woidd l>e insiifiic'ient for the 
[ resent small c<d lection. 

13. Tlie plot of land is a little over a quarter of an acre in extent » 
and extens'on 4m the one side is impossible* liecause of the Bank* and 



i>u ilie iitlicr oiilv n vrrv liinitc*! juiifiuul <<iuM i>«» taken in, luTniisi' of 
6(11111* Governiriont hoiisos ami the mil way, 

14. The olil Post Offices wh<_»n aU^L^n^d, vvihtIcI beiiMBatiBfa^tory j hvit 
the worRt tVature is that it" it was a*ldefl to* the ailditions would have 
Uy l>e of ilifferent Hoor heights, as the present piteh is too lo'w for largtj 
rooms, and the additions would therefore block out all the light from 
the old liuildiiig, 

15* On the whole, I am of opinion that it would l>e best to give up 
all idea of converting the old Pont Olliee into a Museum. 

Itr. As an alternative scheme 1 would suggest that if the Govern-* 
ment will onlv give the sum of $l,5rM), an additional room eraild be 
added to the MuKenm and a few necessary improvement s made. This 
would give aoconniiudation f<>r soiue t ontiidi rable tijne to come, because 
the j^pLU't' now (Kvupicd by the badly-mounted maunnals, etc., would 
Ix* available to take the 1 Hotter moimted oneH w^hieh would rephu:^ them. 
Then> is aUo a verandah whieb might l>e enclos<*d at nmall expense 
and add about 530 square feet of tirmr space. 

17, The foUowing is a Rummary of the courstvi which mav W 
adopted : — 

(ii) The fniildiug and oquipmait of a pt-nnanent Museum, with an 
a^lequate fitaff to manage it. 

(b) The enlargmg of the pre&'ent building and the engaging of a 
C unit or and Tax idenn list. 

{c) The same a« (h) but allowing the staff to remain an at present, 

(d) The conversion of the old Post Office, with either the 
maDHgement as (7>) <ir {/*), 

(e) The enlargement of the pretieut Imilding or conversion of the 
old Post Office, with i^i^mc nrningcmeiit foi- managing it an a l>ranch 
of the Perak Museum. 

(/) Th<' disporsal i»f the rMllecti^ni. 

18. I ciLnnol help agreeing with lhe Committee in tliinking that 
after all the tiiue, money and troulile which has been spent on gifting 
together this collection* it woidd be a great pity to abandon it just 
when it lias i^ached a state when it is of sufficient dimensions to 
enable it to be arranged in a scientific manner. 

I have, ete.j 

L. Weay, je. 


THERE was very little cricket in the match between these old an- 
tagonists on this occasion ^ when, had the weather lieen favoiuTible 
and threi' days availalde ftir play, Selangor had a very good 
chance of securing a victory. As it was, however, Perak w^tm the 
t088 and went in on a slow Init easy wicket, A lengthy descnption of 
the innings wonhl l>e out *A place. Vonlcs and Pox played wcl! for the 
first wicket, but with 7 wickets down for 103, the chances were much ttj 


Cuvoiir cd Sekn$^>r. Watsc»n anJ Lut-r kr(>l Ukeir wickeid 
hiliclietm time, aft^r irliich the r-Axn proveil t4>u suncb lor the cricket. 
Oa r^numiBg, on Tuesday momiii^. iti a drinliii^ rmin and on a wet 
wii-ket, the Selangi^r Ixiwlers had rerv little chance* Watson retired for 
an excellent innings of 69, and Gleeson and SaTers added nearlt 50 for 
the kit wicket, the total reaching 24^. C, Glassford and Whitlejr 
played a few overs when heaTj rain pot a stop to the match. Of the 
Setati^or Ixiwlers Stain er waa the most succeasful, but Whitley lK:»w1e<1 
in fine form and waa unlucky in not securing more wickets. A. fi, 
Huht^at'k made a seuaational eateh at mid-on, and hiti brother at the 
wicketa wan admirable. 

Whek ytjFU asked nie, dear Editor, to tell you all tliat happeneil m 
TEi[»iiig, I did nut antici^iate that the task wouli] l*e so liard. 

It U a diificult matter to collect the fragments and string them 
together. Still, here goes. 

We got aafelj to Klang by the afternoon eicpress on Saturday, and 
then got ourselyes stowed on board the *' Lugger Emt^eralda*'^ aome 
in lieda and some in cliairs, and, during the night, some in rain. Yet 
we were all happy and more or less well when the Mena met us at 
Kuala Lanit, When we changed skips the last on board was the 
'* HliM^piug Giant/* who would not leave the sinking ship until he 
had to. 

On to Port Weld and then Taiping, where we wei-e met by our 
unlv " Fnsbos " and others. Then to the Club fur a uiuming sling, 
whdf some kcH-n ones started on "gawf;" but rain prevt-nted much 
play. We were told in Taiping that it occasionally rained, and the 
three days we were there must have been the occasions. 

After all had fuiiud their resj^ective hofets, and had ihe Sunday 
aftern<K)n be off, wc met in the new Club aad discunsed the proba- 
bilities uf play, and then went quietly home to dinuer, 

After we had tried to play cricket on Monday we again met in the 
new Club, and used epithet h alioiit the weather, nut quite nice, 
A dance at the uld Cbib was the next excitement and the two skippers 
and the majority of the teams turned up. Sume got hume early, others^ 
alas ! late. The dance was extvl lent, supper ditto, and the partners 
also. 8u whut more could a man want. 

Tiiesdsiy, min again, and at tiffin time all additional cricket was 
out ul the (juestion, jin I dare way yiair cricket corn-ftfHMident lias told 

So back again wc went to cliange our wet clothes and use more 
words about the weather; finally leaving Taiping about 10 pjn. 

We eu joyed ourselvi^s immensely » and Watty *'diil us i>roud." and 
the cricket, from an onlooker's poiut of view, was giH>d until the rain 
came, when everything was comnletely spoilt. Still '*ve're no beat 
yet." and, Trilby, wijt*n the ground hert* is made, try hard to beat 
Perak in cricket, and do them h» well as thev have done you, 





T^HE tmdiliou of most Sakeis in thia diBtrift h that they come 
from Jii!ioi\ auJ tliis account receives at h^ast striking coulir- 
matioD from a sj>eL'ies of t*omposition wbk-h in called **trumlm/* 
and wliicli roiiHiatB of a iniiiil*r of ybort. lines, netting fortli in 
order the vaiioys pWea settled by the Sakeis. Of this *' triimlni/' 
wbieii I believe will l»e uew to most students of the Sakei dial(M*ts» I 
eolleeted a j^^ood many fraj^ments while I w^a« in ehar^^e of th** sub- 
distriet of 8epan^, in whirh was formerly settled a nnnier4>iis and 
imptntant eohmy of the " Oran^^ Laiit." Tlie passa^^e deahu^' with 
the immij^ration of these trilies, tlioii^h to some extent eorni]>ted» in 
atill fairly clear as regiirds the main untlines of their story. It runs 
na follows : — 

Gobauff Goben Biduh Bohal, 
Tanah jati. Tanab Hendaii, 
Terjatoh ka-ta.nah Johi>r ; 
(Nanio^) Naneng Batin Baruia; 
Bat i n Bangui p u uy a a sii 1 
Bukit Niiang, * . . ; 
(Turini) i*heliH Batin Gakng.t 
Tolak kahiiit jadi raiat laut, 
Raiat laut ju^li Bajau. 

Sumab niukab SemUatan^ Semu- 

jong F 
Adik BertecbapPeDghulu Klain- 

bu X 

Mnkah Tanah Semujoni^. 
Le]> bajii jala juandak 
Jadi Jt'boh Rendjaii, 
Lep bajii liJah ehakap ^Sisi, 

Some of this h very ubsrure, luit I would attempt to tninslat'e as 
foUows : — 

" Gobanji: Gol>en* Buluh Bohah Tanah Jati (l-^). From the valley 
of the Endau we cttnie uix>ii the Johol district. In Naming' (settled) 
Batin Bai'uis. Batin Ban^^i*s first origin was at Bukit Nuanjjf. 
Batin Galang descended and pushiog to the sea-board founiltHl the 
Orang Laut» and the Orang Laut Ix^came Bajau (]ji rates). Who oj^ejied 
S<*niujoug ? The younger sister of Pengbulu Klambn opein^d the 
region of Semujong, Thorn* who donned the imdividtHl (?J eoat Iw*- 
eame the sons of tlie soil (l^eilnauda)* iM^ame the Makys r*f Rendmu. 
Thoiie who d(»nned the ojH'n (lit. *' divided *'; coat speak Besisi/' 

Gobaog Gol)en, taken as a comiption of Lobufig Goljen, was once 
explained to me as the name of a hole in a large l>amboo <*al!ed the 
Buhdi Bohal in Sumatra, from which the founrler of tlie Hakei ra^-e 
miraculously issued; from Sumatra, a^-cording to this account, I lie 
Sakeis passed to Johor, and from thence graibmlly si>read up the 
Peninsula until they came to Siingei Ujong and 8elan^'or, But the 
Buluh Bohal appears to \*e the name applied to the fciakei regalia 
(v. infra) and the matter requires fiither investigation, 

• Efport fonrHnk^ to {io%'eniiiii<iii hy Mr, W, W. Kkinl. Actiiw ni«Uiot <»ni«'r. 

t AnTtrflbirtanrt*' t»ccoutil llafin tTeitusmrpxiriir) Kiitibu 4ayi» foimdid thi' Btiiiiiif iiihJ H»tiji 
M'*nli OttUmfr, a %i>ii of Bui in 8«nbu iuyn, Ihr Urnfif HlunUiLN, 

I Vidf uLo Kewl)old, Vgl. [L p. 41?. 



Tho Snn^^rn Ku<lun i^ nf course wuAi Iniim-n, i\» in Naiiln'^r, Batin 
BiUiggiii in Hiiid to have aftorwanhs toinidoO Hie sHtlc'inriit at iSepun^ 
KtM*hil, Batin Galauf^ pn>l>ai>ly meauH Bafin Mrrak ('lalaui^, once 
i?rell kEowiit as was also Ptnighulu (Tob) Klambu, on the Simj^ei 
Ujong bonlera. Berttx^iap, alao given a« Nyai Tec hap, looks like a 
title borrowed froui the Malays, as is certiiinly the case with the word 
** PeEghulu/* I have uot sueei^ded in finding out the exact meaning of 
" [)aju jala." but I I relieve it is quite true that the Sakei element in 
Keuibau is more important than tlie Malay. The poem proceeds with 
a long string of lines which appear quit^* uninti'lligible at first sight, 
but provi* on examinatitm to consist of the names of a nuinl>er of phwes 
in the vicinity of the Liingat River and in Suiigei Ujong. 

Next I give an aecoimt whieh was given me by one of the Sr*patlg 
Sakeis, in whose family the tradition had l>een lianded down from 
generation to geneniti^ai, aiitl who wns t>rought in me as an anthority 
by niemlM'rs of his trilK\ Thift tmditiiuu which I tcsjk down at the 
time, upwards of two years ago, and unw givi* for what it may \w 
w*orth, runs as follows : —'* We first came from a country lying at the 
e(\ge of the sky, wht»n» the sun riwes, In^yond the country of Siiim» a 
country lying at a distance of mon* than one man's lifetime fmati 
balik hidup); and wc spread thcnct* (down the Peiiinsidu) to Job or, 
but wen^ driven north again by a cruel Malay Kaja. At the eilg© 
of the sky, in the country we first came from, there stood a giant, 
whose work was to jiroj) the heavens (tougkat-kao laugit)* and who 
devoui-ed the clouds (whieh kept falling downwards tixira the edge of 
tJie sky), cutting off those whitli overhung with his knife. In those 
days w^e were taller than we are now* and slept in caves of the rocka 
on a liig plciiu which had no grass or trees growing upon it, and upon 
wJdch no rain ever fell, and wkieh w^as not like the earth here*, lait 
glitt**n*^l like silver. The next jdact* we aime to was a phice called 
Padung Berimbun, when* the whole earth was coveroil with dt'ep dew 
which was as cold as iee. Here also we slept among the nK-ks. 
Thence we n*ached the mountains of Kcluntong C?)^ winch also hm} 
n*» tret»H or gmss upon them, and were very close to the sk v ; thence 
we reaclji.*d, one by one, the hills of tlie giants (iliuiong G4iAi*Ga«i)» 
Gimoug Mentujoh (r). and the hills of Kelantan, Uhi Pahang and 
Johor; and in Jcdior we first met with the Malays. Tlie titles of 
Batin, Jiming, and Jukmh were fii'st distribute at Gun<mg Men- 
tujoh (?)♦ beyond Siam. At Ayer Tawar the Raja Lnmba-Lumba 
Puteh (White Dolphin), who had come from Pagar Ruyong, drove 
out our Batin, Siamang Puteh (WHiite Ape), so that he fled to Semujong* 
where his daughter married and l>ecame the mother of the Toh Klana. 
From Semujong wc came to the land uf Klang and have dwelt there 
since. The shore of the aea has gn*atly changed since we arrived here; 
tlie sea formerly reached inland to Ulu Klang. Bukit Galuh and 
Bukit Bcmuang were both om^^ on the seii-coaBt, Bukit Galali taking 
its name from a post to which boats were tied/' 

It will be seen thai the one point in which all the pnn^'ding 
accounts agree is that the Selangor Sakeis immigrat^^d int-o the State 
from Jahor, prolmbly at no distant pericxl. But tlie histoir of lb© 


-ZL.iy'.vL /.':■;>, I : 

\jv^i\ th-'O'iiLrhh W'.rk'Nl -■•::. .»••. I the iir •>: :>m i;: ;r.\,*^',^..H' «u . w.-uM 
^u ti» show tliiil :ht.*iv iiTv ::\v»-. > or \\w tn'»u«r. »«l .11 !i\»».! ix*.» »li-Mn. •. 
racos. till' y^yrit'is aud :hf " I.:uis" «»! MMnl>rin iMuna. l»iMh in \\\%\\ 
lan^^ua^e nud |»livsi.[iu'. fith.-r <>r whivli i;i.r> \\\\\^\ \\i\\x «<«iuo in \\w 
first iustau'.-o fmiii the uoi'ih. 

Mr. S. E. Poall, k.r.«j.s., ^\nlinj^ riNiMwl\ h»r ilir .I.»niual »«l (li«- 
PolynesLiu Sin-ii'tv. stutt-s this \irw as t\»llo\\N . 

''Modified ivin mints nt* this aivhaii- ( Ni';4:ritiO i.hi- .m* nIiII LmmhI 

iu buleM tUid ronu'i's nvfi* reiitra!. soul hern nwA (Msd'Ui hid in. I nii'. 

the l^ocM'Sof theDravidian Siidni and dark iinrixilisi'd ruiiiiiiiNuhfi; 
and in the Biinnau IVninstda. mixed with a,. Ihr Ihnini. .lnKnii. 
Saniau^. 8ak«>i; a ]iui*er Ira^nienl in thr iHnLiinl AiidiiiiiMiii " . immI 
aj^ain. "Next we lind. <>v<*rlvin;^ thr.:i> Indn llniniiiii Ni'tMiln'.'. :in 
extensive diffusion of Kuiith ('hina rlfin'-nl. fii- ' li.iii.' whiJi rl..\\l\ 
nnxlitief^l. exterminated, or ahs'irU-d th<- lorniiT." 

Mr. P(.*ull m«'ntii»ns a fliird «'thni'r iidliix. thai ol I hi' IhHim iii'i 
from east Til^'t." whiih " iias.Hiii^^pUiir. h and \*t I hi- i-tl.ind ^ iind mniih^i 
lUiitijl^ with the r.ntn of iSinjj;itra. Java and Itoini-n. ImnMd tli«- !',(. 
Mahivau ' tvf^.-^. .-;;.:li it> th»" i5.t;!.:i.. iKiii. .mi'I Nu-: l'inl^lno Kliiinh-i^ •• 

A.- i-"ir<ir'I- rli*- -..i.-^.r /.-. .-nf ml'^rrit'f'U'i ••)■ '.\\f "nlw-^ m flu-: f|i ;hi« I. 
1 iiiitv Tii»-r.'i' r: 'it.-.T .t l.:r/»" Ik^Iv i^K Mh" S'-|i;jn'/ m'l Mi#- l.'i-.tii-/ 
Saki'i-. <--"i!i:.>.*"l ••■ :..i .■• l^-»-ri :jiiT. -kii'iil "} I" -iiiiiir-'l '. .1- . « i'.- -' ■! 
t!i»' .Sirair- •■. -. . .^..r.-t i / .^ i',.«v ■.»'jir--. \,.f \ '■. . ...1 I.'.ij.i M .Luki'I ' .1 
-S.-Ui*,' r z.' > .t: :•-. ...:. J- •;... i.M-k '■:" ;'.!. ; i' .|..i" ■■■ .' » ' ill' -I 
••ri "u»- «.^r ».:•; ^ ■...» 1 ..h'^-m iniui' '■'* ■' f«»i.,'ii' S:ii*ii-^ ...iv ''j'iiiM 

tL- '.jy :-T .■..•. .-.. •-•.-.■..•i' "., .\''' •"'" ''""^ ■'■■•■;•*/ '•■'•»" 

J-'r- .r. * ii. ' V...". *r.. 'V . *:.♦■• ■..!■.;.<■.".■:. • .M. .(■.!.•..■ . ■'■..: k*).* 
'i»- i "-• ."it-*.- .»••»■•■ »• ; 1; ■!• .;,!,! r./ ' ■• • - ■;■ '•''■ ■*''i:i'/ •'■'•■I'li 
i*-A_- ■•-r"-«t.-« »• -■..,. I. -.If. ly , 1 A i-.-- ■•• -i.-.' :•-"•'..'.' -i' ■■■;• ■■ ' ■' 

"... " ■ ..L.-.i." •^ I-.- .|. i;i,,'«- ,}' -. - ... -• ■ •■' 1'. '.'•■•■.. M 

.-•-- ^'•' "^ ii* -'•■;. .1^.1 „ II <!• ■ :";ii-,..i. ' •■:! ,- .. ,■-.' ' '■. ■■■ •.■■■■«■ 
•jT ■.- ^ :i:.ti.::i,-: i. ':■■ .liinj ^n- ■.'■.'■ •■ " . " .•■■ ' .: '■••■■ r/ ■ I '. 

»* '..." ■ ■•■*"• ♦-• .. 

J • *' : • .. ■ 

-i»vr •*.: - 

'.':! ..n il .i.'i'» 
Jii ,-.■•1 iJi'J" ' ■• ■ • 
■■■•:•#* Mi"' I ■• 

■ .!.>• I., 

',^. 'J .L-. 

.1- ■ - ^,. ..I. 

r. r. 


vfieal>iilarv of tliu Bi'si^i dialect, an «]iokeii in tliis distrirt, was pii Wish- 
ed, Nevertliflf^s, after a quarter of a tieutury, our knowletl^^* of thi8 
fuMt- vanishing tou^ue remains so sliglit that it niUHt he considei'ed quite 
fleineutary. The extraordinarilv slow jirogrewH i« uf course due to the 
entire ahaeuee uf anythijig appruaehing to a Sakei alphal»et or litera- 
ttn-e aud the difficulty of (il>taining full and satisfactory evidence fjus to 
the gmuimar and synth<*ticul struiture uf a language whii h 'm ejitirely 
t>ral. Of the vocaliulanes collrcfed very few eiuhrace much tuure tlian 
a himdred cuinnapu words, wherean motit prolmbly ten tiineij that 
amuunt at lea&t will have tu he ctdlected Ijefr^re we can hope to obtain 
a thoroiigli grasp of the language. What is reipuivd is (1 ) a eomjtii. 
ation of the ah'eady existing *Sakei vocal>uliirie«; (2) trauscriptions of 
Sakei dialogues T^Titten down word tor word an they are uttere<l; (3) 
trrtUHrnptitiuis uf set couipositiuus, such as pi>em!5 aad eharms ; (4) the 
[>ul4icatiun uf all available mauuseript and notes on Sakei dialect* 
which are still in the pusj^ession of pnvate ludi^'iduais. 

Tln^ hmguage sj>okcii by the Negri ti>s wa*j " tK»ly syllabic, eiipboiiic, 
untom/d, with pust-pusiticmal ideulugy ;" Mnn-Anam was "mono- 
syllabic, hence tuned with strung complex vowel s(.>uuds aud com|*ound 
eousoiiant«» with 'iig* as a fn^quent terminal and ideology pre- 
pusitinnal ur diiTeet/' * 

The Besisi dialect (which 16 the ouly diakrt whiih I have had the 
chanre of studying) apjx'ars b> partake of lioth deseriptiuns, aud so 
far as my limited observations have gt me appears uuiiuly (hut not 
entirely) mouLisyllabic (with strong * agglutinative " or disyllabic 
tendencies), untuned, with complex vowels, e<.mipound ctmsouants. and 
a pi-e-positional or diivct ideology. 

Tu this I have tmly tti add that Besisi possesses several strange pre* 
(ixes, such as tt<u tf^, A'^ (the t-xact force of which hits nut l>et*n ascer* 
tiiined and the use uf which htis m>t yet appai^eutly l^een observtHl f) ; 
that atuue lettei^s such as s and rh k and h, are interchangeable, 
being pronounced ditlerently jwrhai^s liy members o( the same triW. 
or even Iw the same man at different times (ejj., chcu and scn = ujong ; 
grcs aud grch =x hati) ; aud that there are traces of a " bliaaa halus" 
and 'bhasa kasai%" as in jelang (l>. halus) aud jeloug (b. kasar), both 
of which have the sume meaning i\^ ,, *' long**' 

In this district it may Imj observed that wln^reas the ' Oiuug T#aut/' 
who have but little intercoxu'se with Malays, have very fairly presei*%'ed 
Iheir ancient language (Besisi), and still sjjeak it along the entiiv sea- 
boanh the *' Oraug Ikikit," on the oth<^r hand, who an* continually 
cuming in etmtact with riverain Malays, luiw speak nothing but Malay, 
and it is only with the greatest ditiiculty aud by the exercise <tf no 
small patience that a word of Sakei cjiu still hei*eand there be colhx'ted. 

I have now only to add that specimeus uf the set coniposititms *uid 
vtieabu lanes uf the wild triLwi'S as 1 have been able to collect in this 
district will l)e found among the appendices to this report. 

• Vhit Mr. PinilFii «rticJe nbovc. 

t Thf n* w iio ctnuhl, rrommi m-pi'wHflmiiiir nniulHT nf t'Xiiinpk-^^, !hiit "An" i* n vrrbiil 
finHJi ; n^ tn kKp*r Ut *trikf: knjon to privc. Afoiin« «« (iprK-Ar.4 to \w uti » IjtHliviil or )Mx>ttuiitmiil 
invfli, itiiil ifti i\ ]ot'nti\v. jii is wry rhvrl;i|- shown hy : 

Ku^lioh — IhU I'h Uml 

^I'lioh livi I /o-ki'h -Uu*iv 




Her*' a^'-ain I luiinut Jo l^etk^r than qn<»t«' from Mr. Pt^nll's Lrrdirbit' 
demTiption uf these races. Ho siiys: — 

•*lHiruiu^' now to the aLKirii^iual i-cueH of India and eliiuiuatin^^ as 
far as [>o8sible the physical and liD^'iiistic elements introdueed hy later 
incoming races, siiib as the Mou-Ajiarn from 44011th China, theTihetan 
and Ariau, we glimpse, 111 the earlii^st jxTiod viHilde. a IftcttUij varied 
Nej,'rito fonuatioTi, idiaraeterised hy dark coli^nr, short stature, spiral 
hair, slender limbs ; moR^ or less |>roj;mithoiis, with thiekset lips, oj)en 
eves, projtH^tiiik^ hrow.s. siioii, semi-hri*%eles8 pyramidal nose^ <ipen 
round nt>strils, ht/ardless/' 

Of the Lan element, whieh (as already pointed out) " modi lied, 
exterminated, or al»s<»rlM-d the fonner,'* he says : — 

*' In lau^uaj^e and physique they pivsented a strong eontraHt exiejit 
in statnre, whieh was s^hod ; they weiv paler in colour, with lank hair, 
small eyes (stf mi -closed), depressed lirid^^eless nose, lirows not project- 
ing, flat faces, slightly prognathoua." And again; — 

"It (the ' Lau ' race) is the Mou-Anam of the iiltra-Iudian ivgion 
and extended ti> the Nieobars. Iteyond the Pt'uinsula U* Sumatra, 
Bometi and moi-e or leas afterwards mixed over the eastern islantls." 
There appears U) be no rt^asojialile dotdit that it was the fusion of 
these two races which |injduced the Sakei element in this (and, if in 
this, no doubt in every othtT) poHion of the State. If we eliminate as 
far as possible the more or less ohvious traces of recent iutennixtun* 
with Malays and Chinese, the chann^'teri sties t(f every Sakei that 1 
liave seen c<add, I bc4ieve, tie very easily identified with the char- 
actenstics of i\m* or other of the two races alH>ye descrilied. Tlie 
Bpiral hair and ilark t^olonr which are such striking characteristics of 
the Net'rito abori^nes, are by no means uncommon in this jiart of the 
State, and I have seen very good examples of them both, not only in 
this district but f<U'nier!y at Klang. On the other hand, I aju awai"e 
of no one Sakei settlement in the district where all its uu^mWrs Ciiu- 
forni Solely to the Negrito ty[K% many possessing the com] >a rati vcly 
Ughter colour, lauk hair, and other ijeculiarities of featirre ascril>ed to 
the M*»n-Anam lU* *' Lau^* element. Genendly a|>eaking. I shvmld say 
that the fu. ion of these two races is v**ry fairly «jbvif»us in the udxed 
race whieh has resulted from their fusion, 


Although I have made the most searching t4i*|uiry. I have not U'cu 
able to discover that tlie Sakeis of thi« district pn^sess any distim t iileas 
of the worshi]* of a Deity, The irlea ot a piTsonal Deily is not usually 
to be found among tril>e:j whii-h are still in so rudimentary a stage of 
civilisation, and must have hecn derived, if existent, from Mohjimedau 
sources. It is tulrrably lertaiu that if these tribes had any definite 
idea of a personal God or Gods they would, in cunuuon with r>ther 
savage races, have sought to embody their ideas of his personality in 
rude graven images of .some sort, but m* anvh images have, so far as I 
am aware, been yet discoven^d in any of their villages iu the Peniusidn, 
It is still ujore strange that they shoidd, s<» far as I am awari\ have 
mi forms of words or ceremtuiies audi as would result from tlieir 
possessing even the most rudimentary b^rin of religi>>us belief, I miiy 



aiM thai iliere is no wuixl for God in either ol the two dialect is sjKikuii 
ill this flistrict** 

tSinli ideas of wori?lii|j (if, indei^d. tLev ciUi l>e »o eallcxlj as the 
SakeJH |jos8t"S8 are confined to the attempt to pn^pitiate by means of 
ehiinTis tlii' noxious ageneiee which are believed tf» eaust^ diseaiie* and 
whith readily jnwsent themselves to tlie nntntored ima^nnaiion of the 
junji^leman in the fono of mali^atant sprits. 

Dnrin^' one of my expeditii>ns alou^ the eoast l>etwe<?n two and 
thrtx* years a^o, on ivaehin^jf tlie neighl>onrh<>od <»f a dest-rted Bakei 
cainji, I rame ii]>on the figure ttf a do|,' (or halMKin r") which wa8 heuii 
I Hit uf a lilock of wood a^wjut two and a half feet in length. There* 
WLu^ nuthing* lunvever, tu connect tluK ^^tiject even indefinitely with any 
florin of Sakei worsliij)* and I stm still in the dark as to what itii real 
.significiince may have htvn. 

It is, on the other hand, rerhiin that t!ie Stikeis pcks.sess definite 
idea« upon the question of a future state. Mr. G^. C. P5ellamy, in \m 
report up5>n the Sakeis of this distriet (in 1880), referred to this U»hef 
in the fuUowing jwissage: *' The souls of the departed, according to 
their ideas, pass away to an Island tif Fruit Tree«, wdiere they spi»ud 
eternity/' Mr. Belltiinv suggests that this island may l^e the in*xm, 
lint I iiave iiut l>een aide to tiud any tiling U\ confinn this supposition 
althrHigh a similar sni>erstition is tVnmd among other siivage trilies, 
Jt lirs rather in the shadovvy I'egioiis uf the Unknown, and if you ask 
the Besisi al>uut it. in most cases they ^rtTtiiiently remark that tbey 
cannot say when^ it lie.K, since nr^Kudy has t^vcr s«^^n it. Yet it is nu lens 
fval t'l them ; a land " whcir fatis uut li:u! nor rain, unr any huow, n»»r 
ever wind liltiws Inudly ; ** a iatid unfailing i>f dunains and ramlaitaiit«. 
:ind maugosteens and of the varied fruits uf the juuglc; a hind theiv- 
fore. of perpetual feasting auVl wlii'iv tja.- sinqjle jungiemeii may lie 
nxdined. playing upon thrir rude inslruments **f music. None hut the 
good will l>e admitted to it, the hud will have no place theiv, bnt mouni, 
may he, ** blown about a wandering wind '* (as was theglmst of Gawain). 

*Such is the Sakei idea of tlie Island of Fruits, according to infor- 
mation gathercnl during many a desultory chat witli members uf the 
tril>e upon ihm and kindred sulijeets. 1 should like, howe%^er, l>efore 
leaving the subject, to point out th«' strong passion for fiuit which is 
characteristic of the race, and which not only shows itself in the w^ild 
wIrkijj with wliirh their songs conclude but actually forms ««► pro- 
minent a fi-atmv in their idea of a heaven 

If any further evidence were inrded of their 1 relict m a future 
existeUL*e. an additional fir*)iif might l>e fi»und in the cuj^tuui allude<l 
to Mow — of dejiuhiting tlie nittdel nf a hut, furnished with all things 
which might In* tluuight n»x'essary to Ih** j>ros|MX'tive comfort of tlu? 
diH-easeil in the stitte up>n which he is ent^Ting, at the side nf the rude 
grave in which his mortal ix^nuiius are kiid to rent 

f To l*r rotiihiued.) 

fui|uiri«« ajjio ihfii tM<li«<f, lijihirnUy iiuirhidinmlun' mouIiI viifct vi«iiie idifi of n siifin'tiir bfiiiF« 
l>ut to lay feiiri*n-*»* tinL>*' jw«r'|il*' hiiii lU) iilui ofii<i<Ml: tlM%v hiiil uu nitn'^rtHalivc r>n\(« or 
Kj44i*iil >iKit?*, iiorhinv Mwji 1r«M<cfl niwn nx MiptinaUirHl ; Uity ilit* in^l ijoOmv tlntuMlvi'x In 
iiiiMiriiir a tiiuw f'M lhntitl« r or tmlitniit^', oi miji or uifmn, or un.x of tin: |»Ik<jki|ik'|iii which miv 
MliuI iiU ^uv ni,v 111 fillu'v ^iiviitfi>M to iKNlk^l iilcu^ of ili^HCtiiiN, i i>«m9u»U. luiil «lv ti%iyi||(i t|iiilt»t 
th*' Siikt'i wviv Iwin, liviil ni i»l 'h<'V rtmlil. clird, i-ultcd, lUid iht'iv oiitiiHl. 

PlajS^ of Ground 

Ci.tiB 9f 



^411^ KMT 


"upplemGHt to the "Selangor Journal;* 25t\k Jiana, V^OT 

N«. 21.— Vol.. y.—-^olh J>„i,; 1807. 



R. F. A. SWETTENHAM., Ei^sideiit-Geneml, F.M S,, \\m 1»eeu 
mud^ a Knijyfht-Cuuiiiiander uf the Order of St. Micliat*! and 
8t. Gtx^r^e. 

Mr. Keyseb, whn is at present a guest of tlie Resilient -General, is 
alowly improviuy iu Leiiltli, He wiU shurtly be leaving for Europe, 

Mr. Walsh's ap[M'anniie wlieii lio came iiitu Kuala Lumpuv last 
week was quit-e ;i shock t^j hits friouflw, lie had l*eeu so fearfully pulled 
dtiWE with fever aud uauyea. He left uu the 2:2 luL t^n rnntc for 
Austmlia, and ex|iei'ti^ to be back iu about thret; mouth h* time. 

Bun Votftjtje to Captain Lvous (**oue of the lieat,*') who has obtained 
Ms leiive and goew home with Mrs. LyotiH by the extra P. t^ O. Borneo 
OD the 30th instant. 

Mil. J. A. CH]uHEi)T£]i hau gone home nu six jtionthtt' leavet and 
Mr. M, H. Whitley is acting for liim as KegiBtrai' of Court «. 

The S.G.R. wilh after the Ist df July, undertake the carriage and 
delivery of parcels, payment to Ije made by stamps o1>tainable at any 
of the stations. The nites are p\ddished in the last Onzfite. Parcels 
will not lye delivered outride a radius* of one mile front any istatitm, 
Thal'ii rather rough on a large towji like Kuala Liiuipur. 

Every iSelangor Government SdiVinge Bank dejiosit book shall In} 
lodged at the Bank for the purpose of vcritication in the month of 

The amount spent by the P.W;.D. iu 1890 was ^1,453,469.58. 
The estimated cost of the new Governunat Oftice&i, including purchase 
of site, wa^ ?4l8^>117; the actual eiiH^ndilure wan Slb2/J5. The total 



cost uf the new Ga^l, \shiih has taken m% years to build, was 
•^:^27.620.14. Uji la tbo L'lirl of 189G ^745,810/25 IimI been spent ou 
the Paliaiiy: Tniiik RuaiJ. 

The reguhir Jiionlhly meeting of the 8i»Liiigur Club ijommittec 
wa« held ou the \'lih hiHt., Messi-s* C. E. F. Sauderson ( Vlee President), 
L. Dougiil. A. C Hai'iHjr, W, Nicholas, H. C. Paxou, J. Rut^aell, H, C\ 
Syers uiid A. R, Bli^di {Hitrdanj) tjeing present. Tlie following' 
^'i.^Htleuieu were elected inetnlierB of the Oluli: — Messrs. S. Bvmibreek, 
E. D, Act^n. A. O. Gk«sford. W. H. Cowley, 0. D, N. MeCuim. 
G. C. ShariN R. 0. Gi-ey, H. F. Stainer and L. G, Glassfonl It wae 
n^yolvpd tluit in t'atnm the accoiiuts W audited even^ thn^f uumths. 
The eHtiiuateH ajul n'<'oiniut»udatious of \\iv sub-ciuumitt'eeM fur Cricket, 
Foutluill, Bilhards and Chili Iniin'ovenieiils \fpi'e »ubjni(t<id und 
jipprovtMLL Out* of the items is an extra stiiirciiae to the Keading Hootu, 
from the north eud uf the verancliib. 

The haudiLapB fur the Lake Cln 

h bdliardK eout|ietitiun lire aii 


the haudiciiiU'crs were MesbTs. Scvfr^rn, Gnjve and Shaw ; — 

A. R. Vrnnin^r —150 

0. W. Ht^WKill ... 

+ 20 

F. A. Swetteuljam ... -KX) 

E. W. Tratieheil,.. 

+ 20 

C. Severn,, -100 

C, K Maxwt'll ... 


H. C\ BclJiehl ... .., '} ^r 

E. L. Grove 

+ 40 

M. Stouur ) '^ 

J. French 

H. L. Talbat ... ... ) ... 

A, J. McCkihkv ,,. 

- \ 

E. A. 0, Travt^rs. . 

::: ( 

+ 70 

C. C. ThiHiipson ) 

F. F. Kinj,' [--40 

A. Mel). Gnihaui 

A, C. Norman 

0. E. F. Sanderson 


+ 80 

11. Cnniniiii;^^ ,. ... —20 

E. Canwron 


A. J. W. Wat kins i , . 
T ri \^ tv .' seratLii 
L. B. \on J>onoi> j 

G. Mt'Ciinn 


+ 100 

A. J. Wicks 


A. K. E. Hampshire ... i-20 

H. W. D.Adam... 

+ 120 

The Srlaiij^^or Fire Brigade Aunnai Conjpetilion Brills will tal<e 
|»lace on Momhiy, 28th inst,, at the S. F. B. Station, at 2 p.ui., sharp. 
No formal invitations have been istiucd, but all are eunlially invited to 

Xn extraordinary p.nn?i'al meeting will Ijo held at the Ltike Chth 
on Saturday. 10th July, at 6.30 ji.m. Atjenda.-^To etmsider plan« 
for the exb?usioii of the building and, if approved* to sanction the 
iHsne of debentures. The plans and estimat4;'» will Ix* oix»n to 
iusptx'tkm at the Ckdi from thii^ dale. 




From H.M. tht: Quten to H,E. Ike Oot**in»c*i', 

**€h>%'enior,— From my In 'art 1 tlmiik my iK'ljvt'd peoplt^r. May Oud Lletje 
" i-VtcTOBfA, K. and I/' 

A MONG all tlir larulB wliiih liuve i'lvmi tiiiiL' in time ex|H.'ntnet?d 

j^ t]w tdt'ssi u g of B ri t i s 1 1 A J uii ii i j? t r at i o 1 1 1 3 1 ere are num.* perhaps 

/ wlitm^ it has i^rtxlui'ed sueli striking resQlts in a et>mparatively 

^ sbort tiiiiL' as in the Fedeiated MaUiy States. Shall the»e 

couotrieiH theu, and this one in particular — this fair Selangor in which it 

has IjeeiA uur lot tti pass many years of unr lift*— W l>iu"kward in doing 

all that ean possibly Ix* dont^ to ade<|iiatjtdy reh^l>rate the completioQ of 

60 years of the reign of Queen Vietona? This question has received a 

decisive answer ever sin re that day when the Resident con vented a 

meeting in the Selangor Chili to consider what sliould l»e done. The 

' tinsel," ashetlu^n described il. is now over, Init we t-annot lielieve that 

it is forgotten* or wili l>e torgr>ttvn foj* svune <:f>usideral4e time. 


In uudeHaking to celebrate the Diamond JnbiltiH' on aa adequate 
scale it was neceBsary t** enlist the symjjathy o£ all elasses of the jM>pu- 
lation. And this was readily j^iven. Otherwise nothing could have 
Ik^b done. No one eonld have stood at Knala Lnmptir station at 
any time during the proceedings without being struck by the huge 
numbt»rs of the pojiidatiou that were taking advantage of the facili- 
ties whieli had l>eeu kiiiilly given by the Railway de|>anment. They 
came in ear ri ages, in cattle- trucks, in li*w sides, in ewvy imaginable 
vehicle which tht^ Resident Engineer has yet devised to run upcm mils. 
So they came, and so they went when all was over, and it i« to describe 
haw they employed tlieir time when here that we now intend to devot43 
ourselves. The tlaily |>ress of Kuala Lumpur, however, has given 
snch a full and eoinplete account of all the doings of this time of 
general rejoieing that little <>r nothing remains for us hj give in the 
way of news : that which is set down here is nioi"e in the way of ixH^ord, 
therefore, of the uuiiii it^jma of tliis great celebration of a unique event 
in onr Enghsh History. 


One of the mt>st remarkable tilings of this remarkable time was 
the Weather : four days without a duwupour ! ''Queen's w^eather'* 
is a well-known term at home ; it was exiR»rieueei1 in Kuala Lumpur 
for the Juliilee, and proved an all imjKirtant factor in the gi-eat 
suecess that att*"nded our loral e'tjle brat ion. Nearly everj^thing 
depended on fiue weiither— the Wati-r PYte, the Sports, the 
Proe^ssi«>ns, the Fireworks ; ami to think that for nnmths and inonthet 
previous to this we had had nothing but raiii^it was marvellous! 


Before going further, and while writiog of the suecessful issue of 
the many armngcments that had to l>e made huig ago and had to be 
carefully carried out, we would like to refer in the work done l*y Mr. 
Claud Severn in hiij capuvity of Hon. fckv. to the General Committee. 




It wuuf<l Ih- inni^.tssil^li' to overnitt* the vaiut* ol' liis services, luid it is 
(lilH^'ult to inijii^'ini' liuw Iw iiianai^ed \o ktvp ii gi'ip, iiiid ii wry »afe 
;4np, toil, c^f all hv IkmI h> limk after. No u tie will iiJisuiiderytmid u«, 
or tluok tliiit we iire iitnlerrutiui: the serviees of the i.'uiuiiiitl4?e ci>llec- 
iivelv, or uiiv inemher indiviLliiiilJy, l>v assert iug that the glorious 
time we huvi' Imd wu^ uiaiulv due to the eiitliusiabiii and untiriD)^ 
^nieri^V of Mr, St^verii aud to the way in wbiuii be instiUed these 
i|tijilitieN intu those who were appointed to arrange for the 


We have jthtady given a ruuijdete list of tlie uieuil>er8 of the 
varitiiis euninnlteeK. and nei'd htre only rrpeat tlie names of the 
vsu'i(»H8 Chairmen ; General Cvmm'dtf*', Mr. A. R- Yeuuiiig ; Fitianet, 
Mr, Watkiu8; Prwe^tfinns, the Ca|4aiii China; Illttminittion», Firc' 
fritrhf it/tii Decorationff, Mr Spoimer ; Sport h, Mr. DousjaL 


Souie idea muKt le^^ivenof the arninm'JJirnt and ^'eueral appeamULi' 
of ih<^ INuiu and its envirnnw and tor tliiK purpose we ^-ive a Utho- 
grapht'd phixr In front of the Selitn^'or Cliii* rt little to the right, wa« 
tlu' new ly-ert^ett d Hag^stiiff fr**m whieh floated the Royal Standard, 
and lai the Iriangnhrr pitee of f^nmnd. near the staldes, wae the Fh^wer 
Show 8iied ; the huuse fur tlie B F.B. Jemonst ration was erected at the 
Bunk end. and the Slioottn^^ UaUery wus lietwifu theBaiik and the old 
Pimt Ofliee. Tuwartls the Ciunilwik Bridge end the Malay Theatn? was 
l-nt np, and further on in the same direction was the Tamil Theatre; 
that |iortiou of the plain immitliately in front of the Chinvh wa^ set 
H]n\xi for the tire works, tuid the unoeLU|»ied jKtrt of the ground lietweeu 
the new cricket pitdi and the Bank wa* m^ed for the sports. Poles 
iMinyink,' wirt' weix' set up round the i^iund and from the wiry 
thittenxl the bunting'. The Chinese Theatre was on the vacant space 
fornierly i^vupied l»v lA»k Yew*s stahles anil near the new Post Office. 
Outside the principal entrains to the Govcmnieut Offices a huge and 
artistically-desi*rned triumplail areh was erected hy the Singhalese, and 
the ifiii me 41 »nim unity eret'ted arches at the railway cn.>ssing near the 
Kcbt Hout«e, at the OnuiWk Bridge and near the Chinese Theatre. 
I/i»k Yew ereilei.1 a larf^e areh outside his house in Market Street, 
which during the whole of the time aiH^omniodateil a ivni[>any of 
musicians. The Ground Committee were Messrs. Watkins. Sanderson 
and Seveni, 

THE ^^SlTO&S. 

We had. happily, nmuy visitors frc»m different pAits during the 
ition» hut will oulv refer to one section of them — the Jacks from 
^ Pi^my. That itey had a " goc»d tinw* *' is Iwyond d^uht, and 
tiut ihoy Appivs:iatc^Hl the efforts made to ; mi* t^qitally certain 

At the Wster Frte where they were pn>Tr i fwft. at the Fancy 

Dress Dance where a niuuber did tfaeiv U - : u them* JU»d st 

tiie S|«^ns irh<'n> they (^in|ieled in ** v. i.n . nU. as wM mm 

•4 tilt Ht House where theT 9li4M»rd ibdr li4cud attd 

mA»l r thcv mvtv loud in tlieir ackm»w1ol;ni>enl». One 



Jack tol*i u^ of the tlkiiiay among iimnv of \\w ni*-*ti whoii rh**y arrivt'd 
ufif the Kiiala, and saw that 8elanp:»r whoiv they were to pass the 
Jubilee : '* B\xU lor, Sir/' headdeil, ** wheu we arrived hei-e and saw this 
place, and wheu we found out how we were \mn^ xtH«epteil -well, 
all I can eay is -thank you. Sir» I don't mind if 1 do.'* 


By Saturday aftemi-Hjii the whole of tins aiva was eriiwded. and 
soon after 3 o'ckx'k the first event on the |>ros^M-aiuiUt\ the Bulloek 
Cart Parade, took place. A thmg of this kind had not Ix^n attempted 
here l>efore, and couse<|uently the native ovMiers did not show u|> in 
such force as had Ijei^n anticipated, only ahout a dozen earts putting' in 
an apf*earauee* Thit?e prizes were ^iveii, the winner, a Tamil, 
having a splendid jmir of Indian l*ulls ; a Tamil also se<Mired tlie tinrd 
prize, tiie fte<'ond prize ^oiuK to Keehut t»f flie Q\\\\\ whose cart was iu 
gCKKl order and nirely decomte(J. After tin* jiid;^aT^' one or two i4 ihe 
i*arts j^ave a show uf «[:i4^ed, mid lnmhere<i idtm^^ the rttad at w raivrale* 
Measra. Bellamy, Taui I ly AhJullah and Tamlmsiiiny Pi Hay arran*ijed 
the [larade, and, assisteil by Towlcay Lok Yew, nls.i did the judging, 


By the time t^e carriages had formed up for their pamde, llu^ 
crowd in and ahrmt the Cliiltand round thti pound was rnonnMU.'*. 
and, asfliateil liy tin* deci^rated t-arria^^es, everythiu;; uH>re ii real liolitliiy 
jLS[iei.*t. The divisiiui *>f vehirles intv* four rlasses, iu a nmall rommu- 
uity like our8, meant tliat in home of them there were hnt on • ur 
two eutries, and the single fmir wheelerM might well liave \*in\e h\ 
with the pairs. Tliere wen^ somethin^^ liki' 3(> vehieles iu the 
first round, aud taken altogether tliey nnide a fine* show. There 
was htit iMn* tandem, driven l>y Mr. Bagmill, and the exige!it*it*s *4" 
the prckcessiou prevented him showing l<> advanta^'e. In Olass A, 
Pairtt and TandeniK. the Residency pair which was a inasK of greenery 
and tioTverj*, took fi i-st prize* Mrs. Sprioner swoud. ClasH li, Single 
Four- wheelers, was ivon by Mrs. Ridges*, whose ean'iaLfe wan tpiietly 
and tiiiitefiilly denorated, Mr. Tandnisauiy Pillay taking weeonrl ; 
in this elasr^ U\t]\ Mr.H. Syerw aud Mrs. Wat kins were in <'arriitges 
whose* decoiution must have taken iiiurli timr am) tmuldi'. jmcl 
the effect of which was vrry |d*-asiui^- to the aunizenn^nt *»f many 
neither obtained a f*rize. Mrs. VVeleli, who was driving a most 
effectively deeomted do^'-turt. was awardeil first prize in Class C, Single 
IK>geart8 and Buggies, Mrs. Belfield and Mr. De la Ooix, tie for 
second, and Mr. Grove tliird. Class 1), Sulkies and Lii;ht Anu'riean 
Traps, was won by Mr. Paxon, Captain Talbot second. Iu eai'h of 
tliese classes the 1st prize w^as a whip aud a rnJ ri»sette ; 2nd pri/^e, 
white rosette ; 3rd prize, lihie rosette. Class E. Biiycles, first prize, a 
gold pin, vras awarded bj Mr. Poundalk who had fler«>rated Via hiryt-le 
to represent Selangor industries. The fnime of the nia< hiue was braideil 
in Selangor colours, red aud yellow, and the St4aog(u' fitig ami Union 
Jack floated side liy side, sei'e+^uing the rider ; eoffee iu W^arin^,', 
miniature rtlal>8 of tin and l^ags of hiji weiv arranged amidst flowerH, 
the whole sh'*wing taste aud ingenuity, Mr. UasiOe took ^eio ml prize, 




liis hirvdi* \nnui^ tfislufully ilfi'«*nil<Hl with Howere au<l tb<' fnimo bmicl^cl 
ill Selauf^or I'ojfjiirs, with a portrait of Her Majeatv and the elates 
lS*i7 — 181^*7 ill a diaiiioud frtiTiie, 

Dr. Travers and Mi'. Oomkl Browno arranged the parade, and Mr. 
Swettenhani and Mr. Beliield officiated ae judges. 


The Carriage Parade over, the |jublie were invited to view the case 
of photfvgraphs of peojdp and plates in Selan^^or that is to l>e forward- 
ed to Her Oraeious Majt^aty as a prewt^nt from tlie inhabitants of this 
State. The ease is in two jarts, one goin*; over the other and forming 
a box, whieh eontain.s the loone iiioinitod phcrtographs* done in platiDO- 
type, K^^'J"K views froiii different distriets ui the State, of tin mines, 
of eoffee filantatioii?*, the princii^al otfiees and resideuees, and portraits 
of H,H. the Sultan ami others, Tlie (overiuiLf of the l»ox is hrown 
tnoroi/eo, a silver shieli! iH^ar-iug an iiiscrijition is in the ceutre and 
the fonr eorners are (unbellislM d with »iher ornanientK ot o|K?n wori% 
the chief pcDint of whieh is a titter h liead, The inside lining is red 

WATER Ff:Tfi. 

In looking bac*k there are several thinpj^s to wlyeh one would like 
to award the |>a1tn ft^r genera! effect, and certainly the Water THe of 
Saturdav night is not the least of ihein\ As one entered the Q^rdeng 
from the Lake Club end. and came within sight of the Inmd where all 
the rafts were monred, eacb one illuminated with various colours and 
backed bv rows *jf lanterns* the banks of the lake dotted with 
hghts. and fill reflertcd in the watei% the effect w^as HUfierb. A most 
enrions thing was the apparently vast dimensions *if the lake: looking 
down fronj th** ecntn^ of the (iard**ns the distance to the end of the 
water and horn side tu side of the lake was most ilhisive and it 
a]jpeared to Iw* a sheet of water tw<»*>r thrcM? times greater than its 
true extent. As the raft^i iK^gitn to move out from the bund — ^tlie 
lake becoming dotte<l with innumerable tpiiveri rig coloured lights — 
and the strains of the l>and floated ari\»sa the water, while everv now 
and then rr>cket8 of brilliant hues lit \ip the scene, it formed as seen 
from the shores a veritalde fairy picture. Tt) those on the rafts and 
in the boats, and there were siune very tast+^fully decorated ones, the 
scene was equally charming, and the laughter and singing, the rlatti*r 
of plates and jingle of glasses, told how the time was one of real 
enjoyment. Tlie crowds nnmd the shores, and espe^nully near the 
bund and the refreshment stjiucb were large and goiwl humoured and 
all api>reciative. All tbe ndts were taken, and a very fashionable 
company was floating about during tlu* Frte. The idea of having ihe 
band on a raft was excellent, and allowed those who were sitting 
round at different parts of the Onrdens to have tlieir t^hare of enjoy- 
ment of the mnsie. Tliere is Imt one ojtinion of tl»e Water Fete and 
that is, thai it was a grand sueceiss: it farmed the real opening nf the 
Jubilee Celebratfon, and a most aiis]acitKis one, t4>o. The sub- for carrying out the evening*s arrangements were Messrs. 
A. E. Venning, H. C. Syers anil tt, Bnnvne and Haja Lnut. 




From an earlv hour St. Marv's Cliuruh luicl l>eeii filliuj^ np mid an 
eij^ht o'clock approached tiie extra aoL\mimutlatii>ii which liail Weu 
proyideJ was taxed to its utmost eapaeifv. those seats uh>iic which had 
been set apart for the procossitm Ixniij^ vacant. The prueefisioa left 
the Selangor Chd> pimctnally and on reachiii*s' the Chiinli door wiia 
met hy the Chaplain and aua:mentcd Clioir, First came the Se!an*^or 
Fire Brigade, preceded by the Union Jack and two very diminutive 
firemen, next the nicnd^erH of Kviul LudL:e, mari'hiui^ under a canopy, 
without liatH, and m white mess dre«s anil n^i^alia. After the<se came 
graduates of English Univ«*rKities, the varied iiilourM uf wlmst* hoods 
Idended well, and the rear uf the pmcesf^ion vvuh hrnught up hy 
meiutH'rs of the kx-al l»ar. in wig and gowii. Then, as the j^nHM^Hsioii 
eiitere<l the sacred edifice, tlie organ hurxt fUit and the wlmle c<mgrega- 
tion joined in the words of the special hynm : — 

Strftcli forth, wo pray, Tliy mighty huinl, 
O (i(m1 of (*ur Siilvrtti^Hi. 

8til! jfiianl our Queen and Futlierlainl 
Ami piHMpitr TlioH tliis nation. 

Then came the Te Deuru. followed hy the vers idea and special 
prayers. After the 20th Psalm had heen sung, the Resident read 
the lessons. Our Bpaee will not [wrmit us to do more than menlu>n 
tlie excellent seniiiui in which Mr. Haiues cxhoi-it^d hi« hearers to re- 
memlier that «»n this gloriou8 occasion, when we had a long prognimme 
to get through, the way to enjoy it f>urse!vefl was to think of lithera' 
enjoyment too, and to enter unseliishly into all that was taking place. 

The wervice concluded with the Naticmal Anthem, with special 
Diamond JulHh?e verse. Mnf<. Haincg Hang the first verse as a solo with 
much ta,ste and expression, and tli** whole cougregation then repeated 
it with great effect. Tlie Idessing followed and Staincr's well-known 
seven-fold Amen f wrought a mivst striking luid itupressive ^en'ice to a 


At one o'clock on Sunday a large and representative company met 
at Mr. TanihuHamy Pillay's JDvitatioii at his rt^sident'e on the Piatu 
Road to partake uf tiihn. Curry and j<[K^eehes w^ere two of the primi- 
|«d featui'e.s of the gathering, the chief tme coming in betwetni them— 
that IK, the drinking of the health of Her Most Gracious Majesty 
Victoria, Queen and Empress, aci*ompanied liy the singing of the 
National Anthem. At times like thin the heart expands, and it gm^H 
without leaving that the health of nearly (^vevy one sitting at the 
tahle was drunk with three times three. We must not omit t^* 
mention that the hi*alth of the Resident-Oeneraip pri^posed l>y the liust 
and resp^uxdcd to, in response to kmd calls, l>y the Commissioner of 
Pitfice, was drunk with great enthnsia^^ni, Amtrng the decoratitms, a 
Juhilee Hiindkerchief was one of the prruninent items. 


The Flower Show, held in a well-arnmged atiip shed near the 
S^Uingor Cluh, proved a auccess. and was crowded from early in 
the afternoon of Sundav until dusk, The idea of hoI«ling a show of 



tlum kiuil omauatfil with tho Captain China, luul lutt \hv least gfnA 
result m that it hiis Hhtwu how the piihlic ap|ueciat** this form of 
enteilaiiinR'ut, and that, thi'rofort% thrre is evny pruhabilitv of itii 
lieconiiug an annual affair. Th*^re are a Buiuber of pt^ople who 
did not exhil)it on this