Bulletin no. 3 [n. d.]
The Sulgrave Review
"Bulletin No. 3
Published by The Sulgrave Institution, 233 Broadway, New Yorlc, N. Y.
English Branch, 189 Central Builditigs, London.
'To foster friendship and to prevent misunderstanding among English-Speaking
Peoples." — Articles of Incorporation Sulgrave Institution.
"To celebrate the Century of Peace between America and Great Britain was in-
deed a peace movement based on common sense. If I again should be nominated
and elected President of the United States I should make friendship among English-
Speaking peoples the feature of my foreign policy; indeed, I should go so far as to
advocate an alliance between America and Great Britain as being, in association with
France and a number of other countries, the best assurance of world peace for the
future. — Theodore Roosevelt, to a friend shortly before his death.
'If friendship among English-speaking peoples is
worth striving;.for, is it not also well worth
having patience and forbearance for?"
SuLGRAVK Manor Viewed from the Court
The Sulgrave Review
Bulletin No, 3
Published as a Preliminary to the Sulgrave Review, a Quarterly
standing for American-Briiish friendship.
SULGRAVE OFFICIAL PERSONNEL
Charles W. Fairbanks, (deceased), Alton B. Parker, New York, Chancellor
George Gray, Delaware. Honorary Theodore E. Burton, New York,
Vice Chancellor ^^i<^^ Chancellor
Brand Whitlock, Ohio, Honorary , l /^- o i i r^i • -t-
loseph (j. Dutler, Jr., (Jhio, Ireasurer
Lyman J. Gage, California, Honorary ^ g Humphrey, New York, Secretary
Honorary Members Emeritus, ex officio Perley Morse, New'lYork, Chairman
British Ambassador to the United States Auditing Committee
American Ambassador to Great Britain
BOARD OF GOVERNORS
Honorary Chairman and Member
Theodore Roosevelt, (In Memoriam)
William Howard Taft, New Haven,
Charles Evans Hughes, New York
James M. Beck, New York
Theodore E. Burton, New York
Joseph G. Butler, Jr., Youngstown, O.
Col. Bennehan Cameron, Staggvilie,
William A. Clark, New York
Samuel Gompers, Washington, D. C.
W. O. Hart, New Orleans, La.
Edward W. Hatch, New York.
Dr. John Grier Hibben, Princeton, N.J.
Herbert C. Hoover, Washington, D. C.
Andrew B. Humphrey, New York
Alba B. Johnson, Philadelphia, Pa.
Loomis C. Johnson, St. Louis, Mo.
Dr. George F. Kunz, New York
Mrs. Peter W. Meldrim, Savannah, Ga.
Robert C. Morris, New York
Alton B. Parker, New York
General John J. Pershing,
Louis Livingston Seaman, New York
Rear .Admiral William S. Sims
Charles P. Taft, Cincinnati, Ohio
T. Kennard Thomson, New York
Dr. Roland G. Usher, St. Louis, Mo.
George E. Vincent, New York
W. Lanier Washington, New York
Major-General Leonard Wood, Chi-
John A. Stewart, New York, Chairman
OFFICES OF THE SULGRAVE INSTITUTION
3903 Woolworth Building, 233 Broadway, New York
OFFICES OF THE BRITISH SULGRAVE INSTITUTION
189 Central Buildings, 1 Tothill Street, London, England
CANADIAN PEACE CENTENARY ASSOCIATION
Hope Chambers, Ottawa, Canada
SuLGRAVE Chapel, Where George Washington's
Ancestors are Buried.
THE WHO, WHAT AND WHY OF SULGRAVE
The Sulgrave Institution takes its name from the Sulgrave
Manor, the home of George Washington's ancestors in Northamp-
tonshire, England, which Manor property, including house, out-
buildings and about ten acres of land, was purchased in 1913 by a
public spirited body of English men and women, who, to show their
good-will for their kindred of America, turned the estate over to a
Board of Trustees to be forever maintained as a place of pil-
grimage for all who venerate the name of that Colonial English-
man who became the Father of the American Republic.
PEACE CENTURY CELEBRATION
Coincident with the purchase of the Manor, which was an
item in the program formulated by an International American
and British Committee organized to celebrate, in 1914-1915, the
one hundred years of peace among English-speaking peoples
following the ratification of the Treaty of Ghent, in 1815, the plan
was conceived of creating ultimately a society to take up perma-
nently the work of "furthering friendship and preventing misunder-
standing among English-speaking Peoples and as between them
and other peoples of good-will."
HISTORY OF CENTENARY
It may not be amiss at this point to quote a few words from
the Year Book of the Centenary Committee as relating the history
of this endeavor at international good-will: —
"The movement adequately and properly to celebrate the one
hundredth anniversary of the ratification of the Ghent Treaty iri 1915,
which began mformally in 1906, assumed a public status on February
20th, 1910, through the organization of the American Committee
for the Celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of Peace
Among English-Speaking Peoples.
"The celebration movement derives its inspiration and impetus
from the fact that, for one hundred years, all disputed questions
between America and Great Britain have been settled one by one
by means of diplomacy, or arbitration. This achievement is all
the more striking when there is taken into consideration the unforti-
fied frontier of over 5,000 miles which separates the United States
from its Northern neighbor and friend — Canada.
"It is natural, therefore, that spontaneously there should have
grown up a desire in America and throughout the British Empire
to celebrate this century of peace between two peoples who are
kindred in language, law, and institutions.
"And it is desired that all American memorials shall, in senti-
ment and purpose, be less a commemoration of the past than
covenants for the future of amity and good-will.
It has been said in very truth that:
"The celebration of this anniversary offers the best opportunity
our age will see for the cultivation of world-wide good-will."
ORIGIN OF SULGRAVE
The following quotation may throw some light upon the
origin of the Sulgrave movement, which matter has been some-
what in dispute.
London, England, July 3, 1919.
"No need to write that I follow the good work of the Sulgrave Insti-
tution with increasing interest. I wish time and advancing years
allowed me to do more to help. I recall your earliest efforts, I think
as long ago as 1906 when you came to Gloucester, Mass., and out-
lined the project to John Hays Hammond and me.
(Signed) Moreton Frewen".
John A. Stewart,
New York, N. Y.
In carrying out this prearranged plan of perpetuating the
work begun in 1910, a resolution authorizing the creation of "The
Sulgrave Institution", a society to center in Sulgrave Manor, was
approved at a meeting of trustees of Sulgrave Manor held at the
American Embassy in London in March, 1914, Ambassador
Walter Hines Page in the Chair. Since that time the work of the
Institution has been going steadily on. The membership of the
Institution is now about 8500, including its Associate Mem-
bership; and it represents every English-speaking country.
On November 8, 1917, the Sulgrave Institution of America
was incorporated under the laws of the State of New York, under
a charter which reads as follows:
CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OF THE SULGRAVE
The specific purposes for which the said Institution is formed are:
First: To foster friendship and to prevent misunderstanding among English
Second: To inform our mutual peoples in the arts and practices of peaceful
intercourse, for the benefit of our respective nations, and as a help and an ex-
ample to all mankind;
Third: To encourage, promote and promulgate the basic sentiments of
Fourth: To discuss, to comment upon, to elucidate, explain and interpret
questions of common interest, in public address and in printed publication;
Fifth: To bring together into a closer community of interest those societies,
associations and general organizations, together with all individuals, that are
engaged in any work which tends towards the understanding of the Anglo-Saxon-
Celtic point of view, culture, laws and related institutions;
Sixth: To aid in upholding and maintaining the fundamental institutions
of the English speaking world and in fostering the ideals which inspired their
Seventh: To maintain buildings, which shall be used as a place of meeting
and popular assemblage, as a repository of memorabilia, of historic relics, and as
centers from which can be prosecuted and carried on the work in connection with
the above-mentioned objects and purposes;
Eighth: The Institution may, if desirable, pursue its activities in associa-
tion with the Board of Trustees of Sulgrave Manor, the ancestral home of George
Washington in Northamptonshire, England, of which Board the American Am-
bassador to Great Britain is, ex officio. Chairman.
INCORPORATORS OF SULGRAVE
(Ex-officio Members Advisory Council)
William B. Howland
Aberdeen & Temair
Wm. C. Demorest
J. Taylor EUyson
W. O. Hart
W. Lanier Washington
Charles P. Taft
John Grier Hibben
George F. Kunz
Louis Livingston Seaman
Harry Shaw Perris
John A. Stewarf
Joseph G. Butler, Jr.
Wm. Church Osborn
Harry L. Brown
Geo. W. Davis
Loomis C. Johnson
Roland G. Usher
Andrew B. Humphrey
Alton B. Parker
William A. Aiken
T. Kennard Thomson
SULGRAVE'S OFFICIAL ROSTER
Charles W. Eliot, Massachusetts,
Clark Howell, Georgia, Honorary Vice
William A. Clark, Montana, Chairman
Arthur Capper, Kansas
Emerson C. Harrington, Maryland
Theodore G. Bilbo, Mississippi
Emmet D. Boyle, Nevada
R. Livingston Beeckman, Rhode Island
W. P. Hobby, Texas
Theodore Roosevelt, New York, (in
Memoriam in perpetua)
William Howard Taft, Connecticut
Henry D. Clayton, Alabama
Pred K. Fleagle, Alabama
S. H. Fordyce, Arkansas
Frank Tomlinson, Arkansas
W. H. Crocker, California
Franklin K. Lane, District of Columbia
Samuel Gompers, District of Columbia
Harry L. Brown, Florida
Duncan U. Fletcher, Florida
James F. Ailshie, Idaho
Jacob M. Dickinson, Illinois
Ira Nelson Morris, Illinois
James B. Forgan, Illinois
John C. Shaffer, Illinois
George Ade, Indiana
Charles W. Fairbanks, Indiana
William Allen White, Kansas
Robert Sharp, Louisiana
James Cardinal Gibbons, Maryland
Theodore Marburg, Maryland
R. T. Crane, Jr., Massachusetts
W. M. Crane, Massachusetts
General Geo. W. Goethals
Albert Bushnell Hart, Massachusetts
Augustus Hemenway, Massachusetts
Sinclair Kennedy, Massachusetts
Woodbridge N. Ferris, Michigan
Chase S. Osborn, Michigan
Cyrus Northrop, Minnesota
Louis W. Hill, Minnesota
Arthur L. Weatherly, Nebraska
Franklin Murphy, New Jersey
Alexander C. Humphreys, New Jersey
John Grier Hibben, New Jersey
D. K. B. Sellers, New Mexico
George F. Baker, New York
William Allen Butler, New York
Edward J. Berwind, New York
Joseph N. Francolini, New York
Frederic R. Coudert, New York
James W. Gerard, New York
David H. Greer, New York
Archer M. Huntington, New York
Charles Evans Hughes, New York
William A. Manning, New York
J. P. Morgan, New York
Jacob H. Schiff New York
R. A. C. Smith, New York
N. G. Thwaite, New York
Norrie Sellar, New York
John Blair MacAfee, London
Otto H. Kahn, New York
George W. Wickersham, New York
George T. Wilson, New York
Louis J. Reckford, New York
A. H. Spencer, New York
Walter B. Walker, New York
David Boyle, New York
John S. Carr, North Carolina
Judson Harmon, Ohio
Samuel Mather, Ohio
Earl W. Oglebay, Ohio
William Cooper Proctor, Ohio
Oswald West, Oregon
W. Harry Brown, Pennsylvania
Arthur E. Newbold, Pennsylvania
Charles M. Schwab, Pennsylvania
S. H. Church, Pennsylvania
Manuel L. Queson, Philippine Islands
Henry Clay Ide, Vermont
Edwin A. Alderman, Virginia
D. Hamilton Jackson, Virgin Islands
COMMITTEE ON CHURCH CO-OPERATION
Rt. Rev. James H. Darlington, Chair- Rev. Chas. A. Eaton
man Rev. S. Parkes Cadman
Rev. William T. Manning
COMMITTEE ON CO-OPERATION PATRIOTIC ORGANI-
Bennehan Cameron, Chairman
(186 organizations represented)
Henry Cabot Lodge, Massachusetts,
Henry Watterson, Kentucky, Chairmaii
Albert Shaw, NewYork, Vice Chairman
Winston Churchill, Vermont
George Louis Beer, New York
George Harvey, New York
Albert Bushnell Hart, Massachusetts
Henry Sturgis Drinker, Pennsylvania
George Ade, Indiana
Milie Bunnell, Minnesota
Howard Wheeler, New York
Ralph W. Page, New York
Frank N. Doubleday, New York
John Burroughs, New York
William A. Dunning, New York
Robert R. McCormick, Illinois
Henry Van Dyke, New Jersey
Talcott Williams, New York
Sinclair Kennedy, Massachusetts
Major George Haven Putman,
Roland G. Usher, Missouri Chairman,
Edwin A. Alderman, Vice Chairman
Dr. John H. Finley
Dr. James Sullivan
David Jayne Hill, New York
Edgar F. Smith, Pennsylvania
William Arnold Shaklin, Connecticut
Ira Remsen, Maryland
H. B. Hutchins, Michigan
F. A. Hall, Missouri
Elmer Burritt Bryan, New York
James R. Day, New York
S. Parkes Cadman, New York
Newell Dwight Hillis, New York
George H. Lorimer, Pennsylvania
Karl N. S. Howland, New York
Charles A. Eaton, New York
Dr. Albert Shaw, New York
Dr. W. H. P. Faunce, Rhode Island
Prof. Geo. Trumbull Ladd, New
Prof. Albert Bushnell Hart, ex officio
Matthew Page Andrews, Maryland
Sinclair Kennedy, Massachusetts
Rev. N. S. Thomas, Pennsylvania
Dr. Guy Potter Benton, Vermont
Rev. Walter F. Greenman, Wisconsin
Dr. Charles F. Thwing, Ohio.
Dr. Samuel C. Mitchell, Delaware
Charles Altschul, New York
Dr. Robt. Sharp, Louisiana
George William Burleigh, New York,
Bennehan Cameron, North Carolina,
George J. Gould, New York
Larz Anderson, Massachusetts
Louis K. Liggott, Massachusetts
Nicholas F. Brady, New York
Samuel Mather, Ohio
George Burnham, Jr., Pennsylvania
Otto H. Kahn, New York
James B. Forgan, Chicago
Ogden Mills, New York
Joseph Leiter, District of Columbia
L. Gordon Hamersley, New York
Benjamin Walworth Arnold, New York
Julius Forstmann, Passiac, N. J.
Thomas DeWitt Cuyler, Philadelphia,
William Gammell, Providence, R. I.
Eugene Delano, New York City
Mrs. E. H. Harriman, New York
Mrs. Gustavis S. Wallace, New York
S. R. Guggenheim, New York
John H. McFadden, Pennsylvania
Mrs. Wm. Caleb Loring, Massachusetts
Thos. D. Neelands, New York
J. D. Dort, Michigan
W. A. Clark, Jr., California
George A. Elliott, Delaware
Frederick S. Fish, Indiana
Fred Vogel, Jr., Wisconsin
Mrs. Charles M. Chapin, New York
James Parmelee, D. C.
W. A. Gallup, Massachusetts
R. H. Downman, Louisiana.
R. A. C. Smith, New York
Norvie Sellar, New York
COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
James M. Beck, New York, Chairman
George William Burleigh, New York
John Hays Hammond, New York
Perley Morse, New York
William Allen Butler, New York
Henry Clews, New York
John Blair MacAfee, London.
N. G. Thwaites, London,
William Salomon, New York
Robert C. Morris, New York
Dr. Louis Livingston Seaman, New
Alba B. Johnson, Pennsylvania
Walter Jennings, New York
Charles McKnight, Pennsylvania
Alton B. Parker
Theodore E. Burton
Andrew B. Humphrey
John A. Stewart
George Sutherland, Utah, Chairman
Charles Stewart Davison, New York,
Benjamin Ide Wheeler, California
Vivian M. Lewis, New Jersey
David Jayne Hill, New York
Charles Matteson, Rhode Island
M. Woolsey Stryker, New York
Myron T. Herrick, Ohio
Otto H. Kahn, New York
John R. Rathom, Rhode Island
Robert Bacon, New York
J. C. Hemphill, Virginia
Prof. Geo. Trumbull Ladd, Connecticut
John L. Severance, Ohio
Robert Watchorn, Cal.
Rt. Rev. James Henry Darlinton, Pa.
A. B. Hepburn, New York
COMMITTEE ON RELATIONS WITH CANADA AND
Chase S. Osborn, Michigan, Chairman Smith M. Weed, New York
Louis K. Liggett, Massachusetts Wardner Williams, Colorado
Robert Treat Paine, Massachusetts Fenton M. Parke, New York
Ansley Wilcox, New York R. Fulton Cutting, New York
Sherman T. Handy, Michigan William H. Crosby, New York
Thomas Burke, Washington Veryl Preston, New York
Samuel Hill, Washington .,, n, t^ i r^ ^. ■
T . ^ ,^ Albert M. Uueber, Lanton, (Jhio
James A. 1 awney, Minnestoa
James L. Tryon, Maine H. H. Franklin, New York
W. H. Cowles, Washington S. H. Cox, Cleveland, O.
LAW AND LEGISLATION
Judge Edward W. Hatch, New York, Judge Henry Wade Rogers, Connecticut
Chairman Walter B. Walker, New York
Members Charles S. Fairchild, New York
Judge Edgar M. Cullen, New York William Nottingham, New York
B. B. Odell, New York Charles M. Turner, New York
COMMITTEE ON MEMBERSHIP
Loomis C. Johnson, Missouri, Chairman T. Kennard Thomson, New York
Members John A. Stewart, New York, ex officio
Robert C. Morris, New York Andrew B. Humphrey, New York
Charles Phelps Taft, Ohio, Chairman Dr. John M. Thomas, Vermont
Members Q. Gardner, Maine
R. Livingston Beeckman, Rhode Island t c m \7 i
D n- c IV J IT o • James Speyer, New York
Kollm hi. VVoodruiT, Connecticut . . .
r :„j^ \\7 T>^^ M v I Gerrit S. Miller, Peterboro, N. Y.
Lindon vV. hJates, JNew York ' '
Charles W. Larmon, New York William Butterworth, Illinois
W. Lanier Washington, New York, John A. Stewart, New York, ex officio
Chairman A. B. Humphrey, New York, ex officio
Perley Morse, New York
RULES AND RESOLUTIONS
Judge Edward W. Hatch, New York, Chairman Ex-Officio.
George Sutherland, Utah Alton B. Parker
Perley Morse, New York John A. Stewart,
Charles Phelps Taft, New York A. B. Humphrey
Robert C. Morris, New York Ex Officio
COMMITTEE ON SCHOLARSHIPS
Charles Stewart Davison, New York, Dr. Elmer Burritt Bryan, New York,
Chairman 1st Vice Chairman
Dr. Robert Sharp, La., 2d Vice Chairman
SPONSORS FOR SULGRAVE
Among the members, acting as endorsers of the articles of incorporation,
with which the Institution started upon its work, are:(ex-officio members advisory-
Alabama — Henry M. Edmonds
Arizona — Edwin W. Wells
California — Robert Watchorn
Colorado — Alva B. Adams
Connecticut — Prof. Henry W. Farnam
Col. Norris G. Osborn
Delaware — ^Samuel C. Mitchell, Presi-
dent, Delaware College
Florida — Senator Duncan U. Fletcher
Georgia — W. R. Hammond
Idaho — Rt. Rev. James B. Funsten
Illinois — Carter H. Fitz-Hugh
Dr. Harry Pratt Judson, President,
University of Chicago
Iowa — James R. Hanna
Kansas — George W. Marble
Kentucky — Col. Henry Watterson
Louisiana — William Polk
Maine — Dr. A. J. Robert, President,
Maryland — Theodore Marburg
Massachusetts — Eugene N.Foss
Michigan — Russell A. Alger
Truman H. Newberry
Minnesota — S. R. Van Sant
Mississippi — Rt. Rev. Theodore D.
Missouri — Henry M. Beardsley
Herbert S. Hadley
Montana — Henry L. Myers
Nevada — Albert H. Howe
New Hampshire — Henry C. Morrison
New Jersey — John Boyd Avis
New Mexico — Octaviano A. Larrazolo
New York — Gen. George W. Goethals
Dr. J. H. Jowett
Robert C. Pruyn
Dr. Albert Shaw
Henry R. Towne
George W. Wickersham
Albert Eugene Gallatin
North Carolina — Walter E. Moore
North Dakota — George M. Young
Ohio — Gov. James M. Cox
Myron T. Herrick
Charles F. Thwing, President, Wes-
tern Reserve University
Oklahoma — Rt.'Rev. Francis K. Brooke
Oregon — Alfred W. Cauthorne
Pennsylvania — Vance C. McCormick
Rt. Rev. Philip M. Rhinelander
Isaac Sharpless, President, Haver-
Rhode Island — Rt. Rev. James DeWolf
South Carolina— Dr. J. S. Moffat,
President, Erskine College
Dr. Henry N. Snyder, President,
Dr. D. D. Wallace
South Dakota — Dr. H. K. Warren,
President, Yankton College
Tennessee — R. W. Austin
Texas— R. F. Milam
Utah— Glen Miller
Vermont — Guy Porter Benton, Presi-
dent University of Vermont
Dr. John M. Thomas, President,
Virginia — Richard Evelyn Bird
T. M. Carrington
Andrew J. Montague
Gen. E. W. Nichols
Washington — E. O. Holland, President,
State College of Washington
West Virginia — E. S. Baker
Wisconsin — Rev.
Wyoming — Rt.
■ F. Greenman
The Honorary Members of the Institution are:
PATRONS AND FOUNDERS
Joseph Leiter, Washington, D. C.
James A. Patten, Evanston, 111.
H. E. Huntington, New York
Mrs. E. H. Harriman, New York
Oliver R. Payne, New York
S. R. Guggenheim, New York
W. K. Vanderbilt, New York
J. D. Rockefeller, Jr., New York
E. J. Berwind, New York
Augustus Hemenway, Boston, Mass.
P. S. DuPont, Wilmington, Del.
Julius Rosenwald, Chicago, 111.
R. T. Crane, Jr., Chicago, 111.
George J. Gould, New York
Alexander Cochrane, Boston, Mass.
John Long Severance, Cleveland, O.
Charles P. Taft, Cincinnati, O.
Henry Clews, New York
Charles H. Swift, Chicago, 111.
William Rockefeller, New York
Charles Lanier, New York
Willard E. Case, Auburn, N. Y.
Miss A. B. Jennings, New York
R. R. Colgate, New York
Elbert H. Gary, New York
Sarah J. MacM. Huntington, Colum-
J. D. Dort, Flint, Mich.
L. Gordon Hamersley, New York
William Salomon, New York
Ambrose Monell, New York
Frank A. Munsey, New York
N. Morris, New York
James C. Colgate, New York
Henry Schniewind, New York
Mrs. Pierre Lorillard, New York
Mrs. Charles W. Dustin, New York
Mrs. Franklin Farrell, Ansonia, Conn.
William C. Durant, New York
Frederick F. Ayer, Boston, Mass.
Alba B. Johnson, Philadelphia, Pa.
H. H. Franklin, Syracuse, N. Y.
Jacob Dobson Cox, Cleveland, O.
William H. Crosby, Buffalo, N. Y.
Archer M. Huntington, Baychester,
Charles Hamot Strong, Erie, Pa.
James B. Forgan, Chicago, 111.
James Shewan, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mrs. Thomas J. Emery, Middletown,
Manuel E. Rionda, New York
Henry Denison Burnham, Boston,
W. A. Clark, Jr., Los Angeles, 'Cal.
George Burnham, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa.
H. E. Verran
Sylvester S. Marvin, Bryn Mawr, Pa.
William W. Whitman, Boston, Mass.
Frederick C. Fletcher, Boston, Mass.
Howard Heinz, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Mrs. Stephen V. Harkness, New York
Edward S. Harkness, New York
Joseph G. Butler, Jr., Youngstown, O.
Lewis L. Clarke, New York
Arthur Curtiss James, New York
Francis Lynde Stetson, New York
Mrs. Thornton K. Lothrop, Boston,
Veryl Preston, New York
Thomas F. Vietor, New York
W. Dixon Ellis, New York
Arthur E. Newbold, Philadelphia, Pa.
James Speyer, New York
Walter Jennings, New York
Robert Lincoln, Washington, D. C.
John H. Henry, Lincoln, N. H.
R. H. Williams, New York
Henry Wiener, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa.
C. M. Wooley, New York
Homer Allison Stillwell, Chicago, 111.
Clarence M. Clark, Philadelphia, Pa.
W. E. Connor, New York
Joseph A. Jeffrey, Columbus, Ohio
Windsor T. White, Cleveland, Ohio.
Grant B. Schley, Far Hills, N. J.
Elizabeth A. Harter, Canton, Ohio.
Emma B. Auchincloss, New York
Edmund Randolph, New York
Julius Forstmann, Passaic, N. J.
j. H. Wade. Cleveland, O.
Elizabeth Bradford du Pont, Green-
Harry Sachs, New York
Samuel Mather, Cleveland, O.
Franklin Murphy, Newark, N. J.
Abram Nesbitt, Kingston, Pa.
Mrs. Gustavus S. Wallace, New York
William Huntington Perkins, New York
John C. Shaffer, Chicago, 111.
Chester A. Braman, New York
William Butterworth, Moline, III.
Elizabeth S. Emery, New York
A. Barton Hepburn, New York
Mrs. Raymond T. Baker, New York
Fritz yVchelis, New York
Arthur P. Clapp, New York
Walter Lippincott, Philadelphia, Pa.
Zenas Crane, Dalton, Mass.
Mrs. Andrew Carnegie, New York
William Arthur Gallup, North Adams»
Benjamin Lowenstein, New York
Frederick A. Juilliard, New York
William G. Mather, Cleveland, Ohio
R. J. Reynolds, Winston-Salem, N. C.
Eugene Delano, New York
W. H. Miner, Chicago, III.
Samuel H. Vauclain, Philadelphia, Pa.
Frederick F. Brewster. New Haven,
Edgar Philetus Sawyer, Oshkosh, Wis.
Eleanor de Groff Cuyler, New York
Howard E. Wurlitzer, Cincinnati, O.
Peter B. Bradley, Boston, Mass.
Samuel H. Fordyce, Hot Springs, Ark.
John D. Larkin, Buffalo, N. Y.
Mrs. Francis Hubbard Larkin, Buffalo,
Benjamin Walworth Arnold, Albany,
G. D. B. Bonbright, Rochester, N. Y.
Robert M. Dunn, Philadelphia, Pa.
Eldridge R. Johnson, Merion, Pa.
Samuel H. Wheeler, Bridgeport, Conn.
George O. Knapp, Fort Ann, N. Y.
John H. McFadden, Philadelphia, Pa.
Alva C. Dinkey, Philadelphia, Pa.
Charles H. Sabin, New York
E. W. Voight, Detroit, Mich.
John E. Dwight, New York
George F. Porter, Washington, D. C.
John Stambaugh, Youngstown, O.
M. Orme Wilson, New York
John Gribbel, Philadelphia, Pa.
George Burnham, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa.
Louis J. Reckford, New York
Samuel Rea, Philadelphia, Pa.
Charles McKnight, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Raymond Pitcairn, Philadelphia, Pa.
John J. O'Brien, Chicago, 111.
Henry M. Byllesby, Chicago, III.
Alexander Brown, Baltimore, Md.
Thomas DeWitt Cuyler, Philadelphia,
Abraham L. Erlanger, New York
Edmund L. Baylies, New York
C. Oliver Iselin, New York
John R. Schofield, Chicago, 111.
Mrs. John Innes Kane, New York
James Brown Mabon, New York
Charles H. Strong, New York
Peter Fletcher, New York
W. H. Voorhees, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Ambrose Swasey, Cleveland, O.
S. H. Cox, Cleveland, O.
Ambler J. Stewart, New York
Mrs. Charles M. Chapin, New York
R. H. Downman, New Orleans, La.
Henry H. Stambaugh, Y'oungstown, O.
E. L. McClain, Greenfield, 0.
George F. Baker, New York
C. A. Grosselle, Cleveland, O.
Sigmand Ullman, New York '
B. W. Campbell, New York
Robert T. Sheldon, Oakland, N. J.
Francis Henry Appleton, Peabody,
Albert Tag, New York
Willard M. Clapp, Cleveland, 0.
Susan M. Loring, Boston, Mass.
Albert M. Dueber, Canton, O.
Mrs. Amos L. Hopkins, Williamstown,
Gordon W. Burnham, New York
William E. Iselin, New York
Mrs. William Douglas Sloane, New
W. E. Bock, New York
Edward Howard Hutchinson, New York
M. S. Kemmereer, New York
Laura Amory Lawrence, New York
Mrs. John W. Stoddard, New York
George Robert White, New York
TWENTY YEAR MEMBERS
Samuel Sachs, New York
Wm. Gammell, Providence, R. I.
Estate James Talcott, New York
William B. Thompson, New York
Mrs. Patrick A. Valentine, New York
Simon Guggenheim, New York
John W. Garrett, Baltimore, Md.
Andrew Adie, Chestnut Hill, Mass.
A. A. Sprague, 2nd, Chicago, 111.
Mrs. Charles A. Chapin, Chicago, III.
George L. Williams, New York
George M. Verity, Middletown, Ohio.
James Parmalee, Washington, D. C.
Henry R. Towne, New York
Wm. Seward Webb, New York
Henry Cabot Lodge, Boston, Mass.
Miss Isabel H. Lenman, Washington,
Mrs. G. H. Shaw, Boston, Mass.
Martin A. Ryerson, Chicago, 111.
F. Aug. Schermerhorn, New York
Henry D. Sharpe, Providence, R. I.
Frank Trumbull, New York
Mrs. Chas. W. Hubbard, Auburndale
P. O., Mass.
George A. Elliott, Wilmington, Del.
Edward Wright Sheldon, New York
R. Fulton Cutting, New York
Irving H. Chase, Waterbury, Conn.
A. Hecksher, New York
John N. Willys, Akron, Ohio.
Florence C. Whitney,
Daniel Willard, Baltimore, Md.
Edwin A. Grozier, Boton, Mass.
Arthur Winslow, Boston, Mass.
Frank Brewer Bemis, Boston, Mass.
Fred. Vogel, Jr., Milwaukee, Wis.
G. Watson French, Davenport, Iowa
I. Tucker Burr, Boston, Mass.
H. S. Firestone, Akron, O.
W. A. Clarke, Montana
E. W. Hopkins, San Francisco, Cal.
Frederick S. Fish, South Bend, Ind.
George Wigglesworth, Milton, Mass.
Wm. H. Voorhees, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Arthur F. Estabrook, Boston, Mass.
Geo. Elsworth Dunscombe,
Walter H. Langshaw,
Edwin S. Webster, Chestnut Hill, Mass.
Harold I. Pratt, New York
Amory Haskell, New York
TEN YEAR MEMBERS
Joshua S. Raynolds, Albuquerque,
Vance C. McCormick, Harrisburg, Pa.
H. C. Chatfield Taylor, Chicago, 111.
Gerrit S. Miller, Peterboro, N. Y.
Mrs. Mary E. Conant, New York
Joseph Lee, New York
HONORARY ASSOCIATE MEMBERS
Sir Thomas Lipton
Rt. Hon. the Earl of Desart
Rt. Hon. the Lord Desborough
Rt. Hon. Lord Devenport
Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Mortimer Durand
Hon. Sydney Arthur Fisher
The Very Reverend Daniel Miner
Admiral Charles Edmund Kingsmill
Rt. Hon. Lord Lamington
Most Reverend Cosmo Gordon Lang,
Archbishop of York
Sir Sidney Lee
Hon. Thomas Mackenzie
Alexander C. Rutherford
Rt. Hon. Sir Flrnest Mason Satow
Hon. William T. White
Sir Thomas Barlow
Charles James Stewart Bethune
THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE SULGRAVE MANOR
(EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS BOARD GOVERNORS
Mr. J. P. Morgan
Major General Leonard Wood
Joseph G. Butler, Jr.
Mr. T. Coleman DuPont
Mr. John A. Stewart
Sir William Mather
Sir Harry E. Brittain
Mr. Robert Donald
THE SULGRAVE INSTITUTION— BRITISH BRANCH
BOARD OF GOVERNORS
Honorary Chairman and Mrmber
H. E. The American Ambassador
(The Hon. John W. Davis)
Marquess of Crewe, K. G.
Earl Curzon of Kedleston, K. G.
Earl Spencer, K. G.
Viscount Bryce, O. M.
Rt. Hon. Sir William Mather
Sir Sidney Lee, D. Litt.
Sir Harry Brittain, K. B. E., M. P.
Sir Sam Fay
Consul-General R. P. Skinner
Rev. Dr. J. Fort Newton
The Mayor of Northampton
Mr. Joseph G. Butler, Jr.
Dr. L. Livingston Seaman
Mr. J. Pierpont Morgan
Gen. T. Coleman Du Pont
Mr. John A. Stewart
Major-Gen. Leonard Wood
Dr. C. Stewart Davison
Mr. Robert Donald
Mr. J. L. Garvin
Mr. John Blair MacAfee
Mrs. John W. Davis
Lady (Arthur) Herbert
Lady Lee of Fareham
Mrs. Woodhull Martin
Hon. Treasurer: Lord Weardale
Secretary: H. S. Perris, M. A.
(to whom inquiries and communica-
tions should be addressed.)
■Jssistant Secretary: Miss D. K. Palmer
Resident Stezvard and Caretaker at Sul-
grave Manor: Ex-Inspector H. W.
CANADIAN PEACE CENTENARY ASSOCIATION
Headquarters — Hope Chambers, Ottawa.
President, Sir Edmund Walker
MonoTory Secretary, C. F. Hamilton Organizing Secretary, K. H. Scammell
The Hon. Sir George H. Perley
The Hon. Sir William Mulock
The Hon. Justice Brodeur
The Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King
The Hon. Sir Alexandre Lacoste
The Hon. S. Barker
The Hon. Senator Dandurand
Sir Joseph Pope
Lieut. Col. H. C. Lowther
Sir George Burn
J. C. Walsh, Esq.
Charles A. Magrath, Esq.
Elias Rogers, Esq.
The Honorary Secretary.
DESERVED TRIBUTE TO FRIENDS
The Sulgrave Review Bulletin would not be complete without
a reference to the splendid work of the British Sulgrave, under
the able direction of Lord Weardale, Chairman of the Executive
and Harry S. Perris, Secretary. Both have long been identified
with the movement to further friendship among English-speaking
peoples, and with Lord Bryce, have worthily and indefatigably
championed the cause with which the international Sulgrave
bodies have been so conspicuously identified. While many others
have despaired these three have kept the faith and gone on patiently
and courageously to meet the future. Now it would seem that the
crest of the climb had been reached; that the Sulgrave movement,
against tremendous odds, bitter enmities, reactionary influences,
without adequate financial support, now rests upon an unshakeable
foundation. Its great asset is Washington Sulgrave Manor, the
home of George Washington's forebears, a venerable relic of pil-
grimage, and a perennial source of inspiration and popular
While it is true that the movement to further friendship
between America and Great Britain began in 1906 in the United
States it is equally true that the British Committee and the
British public, when once well into the movement, purchased
Sulgrave Manor, which was to become the very keystone of the
Sulgrave Institution arch, the most valuable possession that any
body entering into the work of furthering friendship among
English-speaking peoples could possibly have.
So long as Sulgrave does its work honestly, courageously and
effectively, all attacks upon its integrity as an institution will fail,
because the Institution possesses Sulgrave Manor, the home of the
ancestors of that man who was born an Englishman, reared under
the Union Jack, but who, hating tyranny, became the great
champion of a cause which would have failed had he not led it;
and the climax of his work was the creation of an English-speaking
and British-buttressed Republic. "First in war, first in peace,
first in the hearts of his countrymen," is still George Washington.
It is historic justice that by the act of Dean Inge and Board of St.
Paul's Cathedral, the efiigy of this great man will be placed among
the elect of the English-speaking world, equal to the greatest
that the race has produced.
To Viscount Bryce, to Lord Weardale, to Secretary Perris,
to Mrs. Victoria Woodhull Martin, to Robert Donald and also
to the late Earl Grey, the Sulgrave Movement owes a debt
which it will be hard to repay. For to these men more than
to any others is owed the gift of the Manor. Others whom the
American Sulgrave salutes for services of conspicuous merit are
Viscount Burnham, Sir Robert Hadfield, Sir Charles Wakefield,
Mr. Moreton Frewen, Earl Spencer, Sir Arthur Lawley, Lord
Cowdray, the late Lady Paget, Sir Harry Brittain, Miss Woodhull,
Lord Lee, Sir Sidney Lee, Viscount Grey, Sir Arthur Herbert,
Lord Glenconner, Sir Shirley Benn, Sir Reginald Bloomfield,
John Garvin, Lord Charnwood and Sir Frank Benson, to say
nothing of the many other upstanding men and women who have
contributed time and money to the maintenance of Sulgrave
Manor and the Sulgrave movement.
Our debt to Canada is equally pressing, and it is also equally
pleasant to acknowledge the friendship of our co-workers in the
cause of American-British friendship. Sir Edmund Walker, Sir
George H. Perley, Lieutenant Colonel Charles Frederick Hamilton,
the Honorable W. L. Mackenzie King, Sir Alexandre Lacoste,
Charles A. Magrath, Esq., Sir George Burn, Justice Lyman P.
DufF, Senator Raoul Dandurand, Justice W. R. Riddell, and in a
particularly personal way the former Secretary of the Canadian
Centenary Committee, E. H. Scammell, Esq., whose work in
helping to rehabilitate the soldiery of Canada has been particu-
Viscount Burnham, proprietor of the London Telegraph
deserves especial commendation and lasting commemoration
because of his unsparing effort to create an endowment for Sul-
grave Manor, through an appeal to the British public for financial
This fund is notable for reason that it brought into the Sul-
grave movement as honorary members by reason of gifts and
expressions of sympathy His Majesty King George and H. R. H.
the Prince of Wales, who take their place with President Wilson
Hon. -Chairman of the Sulgrave Lincoln statue presentation
committee, as the first members of Sulgrave. The British Com-
mittee is further to be congratulated for the splendid gift of
Sir George Watson of ^^80,000 to found a permanent chair of
American History in British Universities.
America hopes soon to duplicate this benign act.
EXCERPTS FROM THE CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS OF
THE SULGRAVE INSTITUTION
Divisions and Branches.
The Sulgrave Institution shall be composed of branch (or local, national)
Institutions organized in the United States of America, in Great Britain and
Ireland, Canada, Newfoundland, Australia, British South Africa, Alaska, Hawaii
and in those other countries and places into which the political jurisdiction of
United States of America and Great Britain and Ireland extends.
All local Institutions shall be incorporated under the laws of the country in
which their respective memberships live, in order that there may be established
legal responsibility for their acts, severally and collectively.
The Sulgrave Institution (International) shall be created through the es-
tablishment of a board of control and government, the members of which shall be
selected by the branch Institutions in the United States of America, and throughout
the British Empire and to whom, as representing the various constituent bodies,
powers of action, control and authority shall be delegated to an extent necessary
to give the International body such freedom of action as should legally be granted
to it and as may be deemed wise and essential by the constituent bodies.
Government and Control.
Section 1. The government and control of The Sulgrave Intitution
(International) shall be vested in a Board of Governors of one hundred (100)
selective members, fifty of whom shall be Americans and fifty of whom shall be
citizens of the British Commonwealth. The American members shall be selected
and appointed by the Board of Governors of the branch American Institution and
the British members shall be chosen in accordance with any plan that may be de-
vised by the branch Institutions of the British Commonwealth. Any vacancies
occurring among the American membership shall be filled exclusively through
action by an American Board of Governors, and any vacancies occurring among the
British membership shall be filled exclusively through action by the branch Insti
tutions of the British Commonwealth. A member may be removed for good and
sufficient cause from membership in the International and in the respective
local National Boards of Governors by the local National Board of Governors
concerned whenever complaint shall be made by the Board of Governors of the
Internationa! Institution to any local National branch. Twenty (20) members
present in person, or by legal proxy, shall constitute a quorum for the trans-
action of business. All local National Boards of Governors shall have exclus-
ive jurisdiction over their own members, and for just cause may remove any
Sec. 2. The Board of Governors of one hundred shall be divided as to the
term of service of the members thereof, into classes of twenty (20) each, one class
to serve one year, one class to serve two years, one class to serve three years, one
class to serve four years, and one class to serve five years. Each of the local,
national Institutions shall classify its own members on the Board of Governors
of the (International) Institution in accordance with its own selected and ap-
proved method, which method shall be devised by the respective local, national
Boards of (juvernors.
Boards of Governors.
Section 1. The gavernment and control of each local, national branch of
The Siilgrave Institution shall be vested in a Board of Governors of twenty-
nine (29) selective members, exclusive of members ex officio. All elective officers
and chairmen of all standing committees shall be members ex officio of the local
Boards of Governors. The selective members shall be divided into six classes, of
which the first class shall consist of five members who shall serve for one year, the
second class of five shall serve for two years, the third class for three years, the
fourth class for four years, the fifth class for five years, and the sixth class, of
four members, shall serve for six years.
Sec. 3. Chairmen of all local, national Boards of Governors, Chancellors,
Vice-Chancellors, Treasurers, Secretaries pro forma. Chairmen of Finance Com-
mittees and Chairmen of Auditing Committees shall be members ex officio of the
Board of Governors of one hundred.
Sec. 4. No change shall be made in the personnel of the existing American
Board of Governors from present date, January 5, 1918, until the (International)
Board of one hundred (100) and the local Institutions in Canada, Great Britain,
Australia and Newfoundland shall have been organized.
Chairman International Board
The (International) Board of Governors shall annually select a Chairman pro
tern., who shall be a member of the Institution, but who need not be a member of
the Board, who shall serve as Chairman for one year and who may not be a citizen
of the country in which the meeting is held at which he is chosen.
International Equality in Committees.
All International Boards and Committees, standing or temporary, shall be
composed in equal numbers of citizens of the United States of America and of
the British Empire.
Equality in Voting
All voting in the (International) Institution shall be upon the basis of abso-
lute equality and the vote in the Board of Governors of the Institution shall
be upon the basis of fifty (50) votes for the Americans and fifty (50) votes for the
British, without relation to the number of citizen-members of the respective
nations that may be present at any meeting. In all other Committees and Boards
the voting strength of the respective parties shall be equal. In the case of a tie
in the Board of Governors, the Chairman of the Board shall have the deciding vote
International Executive Committee
Section 1. An Executive Committee often members shall be created, five
of whom shall be chosen by the Board of Governors of the American Institution
and five of whom shall be chosen by the Boards of Governors of the respective
British Institutions, which Committee shall be the active permanent working
organization of The Sulgrave Institution (International). It shall have such pow-
ers and authority as may be delegated to it by the Board of Governors of One
Hundred. Five members present in person, or by proxy, shall constitute a quorum
of the Executive Committee for the transaction of business.
Jurisdiction of International Board.
Never in any wise shall the (International) Board of Governors have author-
ity to assume or to exercise control over, or to dictate to, hranch . national Boards
of Governors, or to their local constituency, or membership, as regards matters
of personnel, local policy and finance, or to interfere in any question of purely
local national jurisdiction.
It shall be permissible, however, f^r the Board of Governors (International)
to suggest and to advise in matters of general policy, or of general concern.
Classification of Membership.
Section 1. There shall be nine classes of members, in all national divisions,
First: Members Emeritus of Sulgrave;
Second: Founders of Sulgrave Institution;
Third: Fellows of the Institution;
Fourth: Hereditary Members of Sulgrave;
Fifth: Life Members of the Institution;
Sixth: Twenty- Year Members of the Institution;
Seventh: Ten-Year Members of the Institution;
Eighth: Associate Members of the Institution:
Ninth: Annual Members of the Institution.
Sec. 8. Members Emeritus of the International Institution, to the number
of not more than five each year for America and five for the British Empire, shall
be chosen as follows:
(a) The Boards of Governors of the branch Institutions of the United States
of America and of the British Commonwealth shall respectively elect two of the
Members Emeritus, the respective Councils of Advisers may select another,
and members at large of the two great divisions of the Institution may select
the other two. Two of the persons thus to be chosen shall be citizens of the
United States of America, two of them shall be citizens of the British Empire and
the others may be citizens of either of these nations, or of any other country.
The method of the selection of Members Emeritus by the Boards of Gover-
nors and the Councils of Advisers shall be laid do.vn and determined by the
respective Boards acting in conjunction with the respective Councils.
(b) The method of choosing the other two Members Emeritus, by a poll of
the members of the Institution, shall be as follows:
The Secretaries of the respective branch Institutions shall, in accordance
with a plan to be devised by the respective Boards of Governors, mail to each
member of the Institution and to each Honorary Member a printed list of names of
men of superlative standing who shall have been suggesetd by the members, up-
on written request, and attached shall be a postal card containing space for two
names; and the members so addressed shall be requested to select and nominate
two of these so named — and the two persons receiving respectively the highest
and the next highest number of votes shall be considered to have been selected
to become Members Emeritus.
(c) Members Emeritus, Founders, Fellows and Hereditary Members shall
be formally enrolled with the Institution at the annual meeting on the first Wed-
nesday of June, and reason publicly given for their preferment.
(d) Founders of the Institution shall be chosen as follows:
All those persons who shall have become Charter Members of the Insti-
tution, including members of the Board of Governors of Sulgrave Manor, and
first year members of the respective Boards of Governors, Councils of Advisers,
officials, members of standing committees, and all those persons who have contrib-
uted the sum of One Thousand Dollars (31,000.00) or more to the support of the
Institution shall be enrolled as Founders.
(e) Fellows of the Institution shall be elected from among those persons who
shall have done some conspicuous service in the cause for which the Institution
stands, or who shall be engaged in public work, in the service of religion, science
or politics, or any other field of human endeavor that makes for good-will and bet-
ter understanding; and all persons who shall have contributed the sum of Seven
Hundred and Fifty Dollars (3750.00) each for the maintenance of the Institution
shall be eligible to become Fellows of the Institution.
(f) Hereditary Members of the Institution shall be chosen from among those
who have voluntarily engaged in services or who shall have performed some act
of local significance for the Institution, and all those who shall have contributed
the sum of Five Hundred Dollars (3500.00) shall be enrolled as Hereditary Mem-
(g) Founders of the Institution, Fellows of the Institution and Hereditary
Members shall have the privilege of transmitting their membership to some m.im-
ber of his or her own immediate family.
(h) Life Members of the Institution shall be enrolled from among those
members who shall have contributed the sum of Two Hundred and Fifty Dollars
(3250.00) to the maintenance of the Institution.
(i) Twenty-Year Members shall consist of those who have contributed the
sum of One Hundred Dollars (3100.00) for the maintenance of the Institution.
(j) Ten-Year Members shall consist of those who shall have contributed Fif-
ty Dollars (350.00) for the maintenance of the Institution.
(k) Associate Members shall be those who shall represent any society*
association or organization that shall vote as such to accept membership in The
Sulgrave Institution. Such society, association or organization may be repre-
sented by one or more members, who shall pay the same membership fee and an-
nual dues as the Annual Members, and who shall have the same right to vote in
the Institution as Annual Members.
(1) Annual Members shall be those who shall contribute from year to year
Five Dollars (35.00) each for the support and maintenance of the Institution.
(m) All members shall pay an admission fee of Five Dollars (35.00) to de-
fray cost of certificate of membership, and the publications of the Institution for
the year of the date of their admission.
(n) Public announcement of the names of newly enrolled Life, Twenty-Year,
Ten-Year, Associate and Annual Members shall be made monthly, and the names
of the Life, Twenty- and Ten-Year members shall be made at the annual meeting
of each local, national Institution.
(o) Members of the Institution shall be enrolled only through the local
National Institutions and by such method as may be severally devised. The
Sulgrave Institution (International) shall be a body without direct membership
and shall be in all respects the creature of the collective local bodies, deriving its
powers solely from them and under the authority set forth and provided for in
Articles IV, V, VI and VII of this Constitution and By-laws.
Officers and Their Duties.
Section 1. The Officers of The Sulgrave Institution (International) shall
be a Chancellor; two Honorary Chancellors, who, as long as this Institution shall
endure, shall be respectively the American Ambassador to Great Britain and the
British Ambassador to America; a Vice-Cnaticellor and an Honorary Vice-
Chancellor, a Secretary and an Honorary Secretary, a Treasurer and an Honorary
Treasurer, two Assistant Secretaries, one a citizen of the United States and the
other a citizen of the British Commonwealth; t vo Curators, one an American
and one a citizen of Great Britain, of the Institution, who may act for t'le time
being as executive secretaries, ex officio, of Boards and Committees; two Assis-
tant Treasurers, representing respectively America and Great Britain; a Board of
Governors of One Hundred members, and an Honorary Chairman and an Honor-
ary Vice-Chairman of such Board; a Council of Advisers of Two Hundred mem-
bers, with an Honorary Chairman and an Honorary Vice-Chairman.
Sec. 2. The term of office of the Chancellor, Vice-Chancellor, Secretary,
Treasurer and Honorary Officers shall be one year.
Sec. 3. The Chancellor of the (International) Institution shall be chosen by
the Board of Governors acting with the advice ot the Council of Advisers and the
members of the Institution; and his term of office shall be for one year. The Chan-
cellor shall not be a citizen, or subject, as the case may be, of the country in which
the meeting at which he is elected is held. The Vice-Chancellor, who shall be
chosen in the same manner, at each annual meeting, to serve for one year, must,
be a citizen or subject of the country in which the meeting at which he is elected is
held. At the same meeting in which the Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor are
chosen two Honorary Vice-Chancellors shall be selected. The Honorary Vice-
Chancellors may be citizens or subjects of any of the countries of which the
members of the Institution are citizens or subjects. The Chancellor of the Insti-
tution at the expiration of his one-year term of service may be reelected by the
unanimous vote of the Board of Governors and the Council of Advisers; otherwise
the Vice-Chancellor of the Institution shall succeed the Chancellor at the expira-
tion of his one-year term, and the Board of Governors shall record their votes in
accordance with the instructions of this section, except for good and sufficient
cause, which shall be some reason which shall make the selection of the Vice-
Chancellor to be Chancellor not for the good of the Institution, or of the countries
of which its members are citizens or subjects.
Sec. 4. The Chancellor shall not be superseded by the Chancellor-elect
until after the expiration and adjournment of the annual meeting of the year for
which the Chancellor was elected.
Sec. 5. The Chancellor shall preside at the annual meeting of the Insti-
tution, and he shall be Chairman ex officio of all Boards and Committees and shall
preside whenever he is present at any meeting of any Board or Committee unless
he himself voluntarily shall waive his right under this section.
Sec. 6. At the annual meetings of the Institution the Vice-Chancellor, the
Honorary Chancellors, the Honorary Vice-Chancellors, the elective officers, the
Board of Governors, the Council of Advisers, Chairmen of standing committees,
Members Emeritus, Founders, Fellows and Life Members of the Institution shall
sit on the dais with the Chancellor. In the event that the Chancellor is obliged
through illness or other disability to be absent at the time of the annual meeting,
the Vice-Chancellor shall preside in his place, and in the event of the absence of
both the Chancellor and the Vice-Chancellor, the Chairman of the Board of
Governors shall preside.
Sec. 7. The Secretaries of the Institution shall act at the annual meeting
and at all formal occasions. In the event of the Secretary's absence at the time
of the annual meeting, or other meeting, the Honorary Secretary, or one of the
Curators shall perform the duties of the Secretary.
Sec. 8. The Treasurer shall be the custodian of the funds of the Institution.
A Deputy Treasurer shall be elected by the Board of Governors. The Treasurer
shall be a citizen of the same country in which the Chancellor resides, and the
Deputy Treasurer shall be a citizen of the country in which the Vice-Chancellor
resides. It shall be the duty of the Treasurer to see that a proper record of the
receipts and expenditures of the Institution is kept. .All checks drawn from the
funds of the Institution shall be signed by the Treasurer, or an Assistant Treasurer,
or by some designee to whom the Treasurer, or Assistant Treasurer, shall give
Power of Attorney and for whom they shall be responsible. All checks must be
countersigned either by the Chancellor, or the Vice-Chancellor, or the Curator,
or the Secretary, or the Chairman of the Board of Governors, or the Chairman of
the Executive Committee, or by other person, especially designated for the pur-
pose. No money shall be paid out except the same shall have been authorized
by the Board of Governors, or by a quorum of the Executive Committee, as
hereinafter made and provided. All checks shall bear the approval of the Chair-
man of the Auditing Committee, or in his absence, by a member thereof. In
matters of the appropriation of money twenty members of the Board of Governors
personally present, or by legal proxy, shall constitute a quorum for the transac-
tion of business. The funds of the Institution shall be divided, and a part of the
funds kept in some bank in the United States of America, and the other part
in some bank in Great Britain. The Treasurer and Assistant Treasurer shall file
with the Board of Governors a semi-annual report of the financial condition of
the Institution, and the Treasurer shall make a report for the year at the time of
the annual meeting on the first Wednesday in June.
Skc. 9. The (International) Institution shall be supported by pro rata con-
tributions made by each of the national sections that are members of the (Inter-
national) body, on the basis of respective memberships, which contributions shall
be made semi-annually, at the time of the annual meeting in June, and upon a date
six months thereafter of each year. Tire (International) Institution may also
be supported by an endowment, or endowments, which shall care for the expense
of its special activities, such as exchange of scholars, lectureships, and other
media of friendly exchange.
The various national local bodies shall have exclusive jurisdiction each over
its own funds; and the (International) body shall have no authority over the local
body either as to official personnel, membership, or the disposition and distri-
bution of funds received from its own citizenship.
Sec. 10. The Boa'rd of Governors shall select two assistants to the Secretary,
who shall be known as the Curators of the Institution. The Curators shall be
charged with the custody of all records, documents, memorabilia, books, and the
like, of the Institution, and they, and the Assistant Curators who may be chosen
by the respective Boards, shall be charged with the care of the physical properties
of the respective Institutions and they shall be responsible, under the direction of
the Boards of Governors, for the upkeep and repair of headquarters buildings
wherever they may be located. The Curators, and Assistant Curators, shall be
members of their respective Boards of Editors, both international and local, in the
preparation of annual reports and of bulletins in relation of pending questions of
common interest, which shall be published from time to time; they shall make
collections of documents containing data of common interest and of importance in
the work of the Institution and branch Institutions. They shall act as librarians,
shall direct the printing of all publications, and perform all of the services and
duties, subject to the direction and authority of the respective Boards of Gover-
nors, which might naturally fall within the scope of the work of a curator and
librarian. The Curators and Assistant Curators shall be for the time being and
until otherwise directed by their respective Boards of Governors, the Executive
Secretaries, ex officio, of all Boards, and they shall, for the time being, be the
Corresponding and Recording Secretaries of the Institutions and of all Committees
and Boards. These officers shall be citizens of the United States of America and
of the British Commonwealth in equal numbers. Other assistant Curators may
be appointed to represent all the respective countries of the Institution member-
Sec. II. The Curators and the Assistant Curators shall receive such com-
pensation for their services as may be fixed by the respective Board of Governors.
Their term of office shall be indeterminate, but shall continue so long as they per-
form their duties in a manner satisfactory to the Board and to the Institution.
Sec. 12. Pending the permanent establishment of The Sulgrave Institution
the Curators that are chosen respectively by the American and British branches of
the (International) Institution shall act as Secretaries of the Institution, and they
shall perform the duties of both offices until such time as Boards of Governors
having jurisdiction over them shall determine. In order that the work of organi-
zation shall not be delayed. Assistant Secretaries may be appointed with such com-
pensation as may be fixed by the respective Board of Governors.
Recognition for Service.
So far as practicable nominations for mambsrship on any board or committee
shall be made from among those mambars who have been mojt constant in service
in the development and the advancing of tha inta^rests of the Institution.
Government of National Institution.
Section 1. A Board of Governors shall be the governing body of each local
National Institution. It shall have full authority to engage the services of secre-
taries, stenographers, clerks, laborers; to fix salaries, and to discharge employees.
It shall be the custodian of the various f jnds raised by it, moneys given to it by
gift or received by it from any source whatsoever; and no money shall be paid out
from any fund for any purpose except under its authorization, spread through
resolution on the minutes of the proceedings of the Board. It shall be the
custodian and holder as trustee of all properties of the local national body, shall be
the arbiter in each local Institution in all matters of dispute, in questions of autori-
ty involving officers, members, or employees; may amend local Constitution and
By-Laws by three-fourths of the members of the Board being present in person, or
by legal proxy, and voting at a meeting especially called for the purpose 30 days
before the date of meeting; shall fix and determine the proceedings and cere-
monies at annual, or other meetings; shall invest the funds of the local Institution
to the best possible advantage for the production of adequate income; and after
the first year of the existence of the Institution the Board of Governors of the re-
spective international divisions shall nominate and select members of the (Inter-
national) Council of Advisers, in reference of which they shall seek the advice of
their respective members. The Chancellor of each local Institution may be
Chairman ex officio of local Committees, and may act, when called upon, as
Chairman whenever present at a meeting of the Board of Governors. Upon all
other occasions the Chairmen to be selected by the Board of Chairmen shall act
Sec. 2. The International Board of Governors shall, after the first year of
the existence of the Institution, select an Executive Committee of ten, with such
powers as the said Board of Governors may delegate to it except that it shall not
have the right to amend the Constitution, and which Committee shall serve as
the permanent working body of the Institution. Five members present in person
or by proxy shall constitute a quorum for the transaztion of business.
Sec. 3. The Chancellor, the Vice-Chancellors, the Secretary, the Treasurer of
the International Institution and Chairman of the Advisory Committee shall
be members ex officio of the Board of Governors and of the Executive Committee;
but the Board of Governors shall consist of one hundred members exclusive of the
ex officio members, and the Executive Committee shall consist of ten appointive
members, exclusive of the ex officio members consisting of the Chancellor, Vice-
Chanceiior, Secretary, Treasurer, Chairman of the Board of Governors and Chair-
rran of the Council of Advisers. The Chairman pro tem. of the Board of Gover-
nors may be the Chairman of the Executive Committee.
Sec. 4. The Board of Governors acting through the Executive Committee
shall select certain of the members of the Institution to sign all checks and cer-
tain other members of the Institution to have authority to countersign all checks.
No money shall be paid out by check that is not authorized by the Board of Gover-
nors, or the Board acting through the Executive Committee. All checks shall
bear by way of approval the signature of the Chairman of an Auditing Commit-
tee of three, or of some member of the Auditing Committee designated by its
Chairman to act in his absence.
Sec. 5. A Council of Advisers, of two hundred members, shall be created.
One hundred of these members shall be appointed by the American Board of
Governors and one hundred by the British Boards of Governors. The respective
Boards shall nominate and select members of the Council under the following
classification: A class of thirty-three members to serve for one year; a class of
thirty-three members to serve two years and a class of thirty-four members to
serve for three years; and classes to thirty-three, thirty-three, and thirty-four to
serve respectively for four, five and six years.
Sec. 6. All vacancies in the Council after the first year period shall be filled
by the respective Boards of Governors, by and with the advice of the continuing
Sec. 7. The Officers of the Council of Advisers shall be a Chairman, an
Honorary Chairman, a Vice-Chairman, an Honorary Vice-Chairman, a Secretary
and an Honorary Secretary. The Secretary shall be pro forma Secretary of the
Council, the Executive Secretaries of which shall be the Curators as provided for in
a previous section. It shall be the duty of the Council of Advisers to meet an-
nually in formal session upon the first Wednesday of June at the place of the annual
(International) meeting and at other times, subject to the call of the Chairman,
or of the Board of Governors, or of the Executive Committee, to discuss pending
questions of common interest to the countries of which the members are citizens,
and to the members, as members, to suggest the treatment of subjects for publica-
tion in the official bulletin, and to advise as to the course of routine of the In-
stitution in all branches of its work.
International Annual Meeting
Section 1. The annual meeting of the (International) Intitution shall be
held alternately m America and in the British Empire. The annual meetings of
the Board of Governors and of the Council of Advisers shall be held at the same
tirhe and in the same place as with the Institution; special meetings of the Insti-
tution, or of the Council of Advisers, or of the Board of Governors, may be held
in any country, at any time whenever and wherever the Board of Governors shall
elect. The first formal meeting of the Institution shall be held if possible at Sul-
grave Manor, in Northamptonshire, on the first Wednesday of June, 1918, and
upon the following day or days in the City of London, provided this be practic-
able; or it may be held in the United States of America upon the same day and
days. The Board of Governors shall meet on the first Tuesday of June, at the
place of meeting of the Institution, and the Council of Advisers shall also meet at
the same time; and they shall meet subsequently in joint session at some hour
on that day, for discussion of matters of common interest.
Sec. 2. The program of the meeting of the Institution and the routine and
ceremonv to be followed shall be determined upon, prescribed and fixed by the
Board of Governors, acting in advice with the Council of Advisers.
Permanent Roster of Membership
Section 1. The name and residence of persons becoming members of the
Institution shall be posted in books especially prepared to withstand the ravages
of time, and these books shall become a permanent record of the Institution. So
far as possible the signatures so entered shall be originals. This matter shall be
left to the Curator to work out in a satisfactory manner.
Sec. 2. A Visitors' Book shall be kept at the headquarters of the several
Institutions, as well as the Sulgrave Manor House, in which names of all visitors
must be inscribed.
A Finance Committee shall be established by the International and each
branch (National) Institution, with a Chairman and a Secretary, and of which the
Treasurer shall be Vice-Chairman ex officio. All projects to raise money to meet
the expense of the operations of the local Sulgrave Institution and estimates of
the voluntary charges against the local Institution in support of the International
Institution shall be submitted to the respective Finance Committees for their
approval; and it shall be the duty of each Finance Committee to undertake the
raising of funds, although this provision shall not be interpreted as inhibiting in-
dividual effort in respect of the raising of money. It shall be the further duty of
the Finance Committees to advise in the investment of the funds of the local Insti-
tutions, the income from which is used for such purposes as may be determined
upon by the Board of Governors of the (International) Institution. The Chair-
man of the Auditing Committee shall be ex officio a member of the Committee.
Audit and Budget Committee
Committees on Audit and Budget shall be established, to consist of three or
more members, and of which the Chairman of the Finance Committee shall be a
member ex officio. It shall be the duty of these Committees to audit all bills and
accounts and to prepare annually or semi-annually a financial statement for the
respective International and branch Institutions. A Chairman for the Audit
Committee shall be chosen by the Board of Governors and he shall be authorized
to appoint other members of the Committee to such number as he may deem ad-
visable. It shall be the further duty of each Audit Committee to prepare an
annual budget, covering the current expense of operations, and so far as practica-
ble, anticipated and extraordinary expenditures. This budget shall be submitted
to the Board of Governors for its approval or amendment, and the sanction of the
Board of Governors shall be necessary before the expenditures can be made in ac-
cordance with the terms of the budget.
All checks shall bear by way of approval the signature of the Chairman of the
Auditing Committee or of some member of the Auditing Committee designated
by the Chairman to act in his absence.
Any Governor, who, except for sickness or other good cause, shall absent
himself from five consecutive regular meetings, unless he shall have obtained per-
mission so to do from the Board of Governors, or unless he shall present at the
next regular meeting of the Board an excuse for his absence satisfactory to the
Board, shall cease to be a Governor and his place may be filled b}^ the Board
Equality in Management.
Section 1. So far as practicable, the Advisory Council, the Board of Gov-
ernors and all other committees, standing or temporary, shall be divided equally
between citizens of the United States of America and citizens of the British Em-
pire. Each section, of each country, the citizens of wiiich are eligible to member-
ship in the Institution, shall have exclusive jurisdiction over all matters affecting
the membership and work of its own particular body, of the funds which shall be
raised within its own jurisdiction, and of the personnel of its citizen membership
in the Institution. Each section may meet from time to time as it may be deemed
necessary and advisable. Each section shall be organized, so far as practicable,
upon the same general plan as the International Institution.
Sec. 2. Each of the national bodies parties to the agreement under which
The Sulgrave Institution is organized shall elect annually one of their number to
be their presiding officer for the year, who shall have as his title the designation
"Chancellor," preceded by the name of the country in which the branch Insti-
tution is located, as, for example, "American Chancellor," "British Chancellor."
Two Vice-Chancellors shall also be chosen.
Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the local Chancellor to preside at the annual
meeting of the local Institution, which shall be held on the third Wednesday of
Sec. 4. The sections of the Institution in the various countries that are
parties to this agreement shall have as their Constitution and By-Laws, so far as
they may apply and be effective, the Constitution and By-Laws of The Inter-
national Sulgrave Institution, and they shall operate under its rules of government.
Building, Book, and Prize Funds.
Ten per cent, or more of the revenues of the local Institutions, derived from
annual dues, from general contributions, from the sale of publications, or from
any othe source shall be set aside as a special fund, at some future time to be used
to erect buildings as place of assemblage of the Institution in the various countries
composing the English-speaking world; and another indeterminate per centum of
the income of the Institution may be set aside for and devoted to the purchase of
books, pamphlets, memorabilia, etc., etc., relating to the common concerns of the
English-speaking world. Another fund shall be created out of which annually
there shall be given a fixed amount as a grand prize in recognition of some especial
service or deed relating to better understanding among English-speaking nations,
or between English-speaking nations and other nations.
Memorials at Sulgrave Manor.
The International Institution shall cause to be erected in Sulgrave Manor
and in the places of the annual meeting of The Sulgrave Institution a bronze
tablet containing the names of the Founders of the Institution and the donors to
the purchase, rehabilitation and maintenance of Sulgrave Manor; and the In-
stitution through the Board of Governors and the Council of Advisors from time to
time may cause to be placed in the Sulgrave Manor, or in the Institution head-
quarters, or in the place of assemblage of The Sulgrave Institution, portraits
or the sculptured effigies of historic personages, or of persons of great distinction
who shall have performed some exceptional service for the Institution, or for the
cause of peace and good-will among English-speaking peoples, or for the cause
of just peace throughout the world, or who shall have been admitted to member-
ship in the Institution because of superlative merit.
The annual meeting of The Sulgrave Institution shall take place beginning
with the first Wednesday of June; and as to the place in accordance with the pro-
visions of Article XIX.
Sulgrave Centers of Activity.
So far as is practicable The Sulgrave Institution shall make Sulgrave Manor
in Northamptonshire, England, its center for the annual meetings of the Insti-
tution in England; and whenever in America, or elsewhere, members of the In-
stitution, or public spirited citizens shall furnish a suitable historic home as a
meeting place for the Institution, the meetings of the Institution held in America
shall be centered in such a place; and this shall apply also to other countries where
it may be desirable to hold sessions of the Institution from time to time.
Mission of Sulgrave Institution. \
Section 1. Whenever a Board of Governors and Councils of Advisers and
Officers, or any general group of the Membership of the Institution shall express
the belief that misunderstanding is likely to arise among the English-speaking
nations, or between these nations and some other nation, or nations, then the
Chancellors shall call together in special session the respective Boards of Gover-
nors, Councils of Advisers and Officers of all Institutions, the meeting of the
International body to be held in the country raising the issue with another country,
that is if the pending question lies between nations of the English-speaking
Peoples, the issue being a matter of common and acute interest; and the Insti-
tution, thus represented, shall discuss the question, or matter, at issue and shall
try to arrive at some conclusion which shall mark an entire agreement among the
peoples represented at the meeting as regards interpretation of the question and
the means to be used in seeking such a solution by the governments concerned as
will not result in ill-will and misunderstanding. When the Institution thus repre-
sented shall have reached a conclusion in reference of the matter at issue between
the nations, then a public announcement of the fact shall be made in the news-
papers, in magazines and in a special bulletin to be issued by the press of the In-
stitution, setting forth the matter at issue, the interpretation which the Institution
puts upon the issue and what the Institution believes to be a method of honorable
adjustment. This publication shall be signed by the Chancellor and other officers
of the Institution and by members of the Board of Governors and the Council of
Advisers; and thus signed, shall be sent to every member of the Institution with
the request that he add his signature to the publication, and, if possible, cause it to
be published in his locality;
Sec. 2. And the members of the local Institution in any given country may
meet, discuss and publish its opinion on any issue and in the interests of good-will
Sec. 3. In the event that the members of the international, or local, In-
stitution so called together cannot. at once reach an agreement as to an inter-
pretation of the issue and the remedy to be applied, then the Chancellors and the
offictrs of the respective Boards so called together, shall make a collective state-
tnent as to the issue in words in which all agree and a statement of the remedy to
be applied and the manner of its application in so far as there is and can be general
agreement. The statement of matter, or matters of difference, may occupy a
separate and distinct place in publication, the section so included in publication
to be plainly indicated as being those parts of the issue in which there is not agree-
ment, whereupon the local, national Institutions shall refer the whole matter to
the International Institution, whose decision in the premises shall be final, and
binding on all local Institutions; and v»'hen a division is observed to be inevitable
in the International Institution as the result of any discussion and it is evident
that there will be inability to agree as to interpretation, or terms of settlement,
then the Chancellor shall put the question For and Against; and each of the two
sides to the controversy shall choose one of their number and the persons so chosen
shall agree upon a third person, which three shall act as a Committee of Arbi-
tration; and the report of the Committee of Arbitration, based upon a majority
vote, shall he final, and the report shall issue as the report and finding of the In-
stitution and be so published.
Note. It may be well in this connection to call attention to the fact that the
advent of many of the questions of recent dispute between the United States of
America and other nations were anticipated long in advance of their becoming
matters of bitter controversy, which questions could have been, as they should have
been, discussed in advance by bodies of men co.Tipet eat to duscuss t'.iem; could have
been, as they should have been, interpreted in order that the respective publics in-
volved might be enabled to understand them intelligently; and hence it would have
been much ets.ev for the statesmen of t a'o countries joining issue to settle such dis-
putes without ill-will, or public disturbance. It is in this respect among othei
respects, that the Sulgrave Institution may and will be of benefit to the world.
Note: — The names of all benefactors of the Institution will be perpetuatsd
in a bronze memorial to be established at the Washington Manor in England and
their names, as well as those of the Sulgrave membership, will be engrossed and
kept among the permanent records in the archives of the Institution.
SULGRAVE INSTITUTION'S PLAN AND PURPOSES:
It is the purpose of The Sulgrave Institution, under plans which were care-
fully prepared, to confine its immediate work,
First: To the publication of the Sulgrave Review, a quarterly dealing with
subjects of current interest and of educational value, dealing with international
Second: To the printing from time to time, of monographs in reference of
matters of immediate and general interest;
Third: To the establishment, through public contribution, or private be-
(a) A Chair to be known as The Sulgrave Institution Lectureship, to be
filled annually, the occupant to be in alternate years a citizen of America, or of
the British Commonwealth;
(b) To establish Chairs of American and British history and of governments
in universities of America and of the British Dominions.
(c) A general lectureship bureau to include an exchange of educators; and
in this particular field it is purposed to use quite largely the moving picture and
the stereopticon view;
(d) An exchange of scholars of secondary schools, sending American boys
and girls, as a reward of merit, to English and Canadain schools, et al., and inviting
under this foundation, the sending of British, Irish, Canadian, Australian, New
Foundland and British South Africa pupils to American schools;
(e) An interchange of working newspaper men, chosen by a Committee of
American Editors, under which plan it will be possible to invite a number of news-
paper men of the British Commonweath, or elsewhere, to take up a five year resi-
dence in the United States for purposes of studying the institutions of the country
and the manners, customs, and point of view of the American people; and to send
to the nations of the British Commonwealth and elsewhere American working
newspaper men, likewise to acquaint themselves with the genius of other peoples,
in order that they, at the expiration of their period of study, may possess that
knowledge which is essential in interpreting national life and those things for
which Peoples stand.
(f) A maintenance fund for Sulgrave Manor and its corresponding center
in America, yet to be selected.
(g) Bust of George Washington for St. Paul's Cathedral.
(h) I Washington statue for Liverpool.
(i) Lincoln or V/ashington bust for Bristol.
(j) Lincoln or Washington bust for Southampton, Plymouth, ShefBeldJ
(k) Friendship memorials for Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
Bust of George Washington for Sulgrave Manor.
(I) The celebration, from time to time, of historic events — ^such as, in 1920,
the Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers and the Meeting in Jamestown of the First
American Legislative Assembly.
TO CELEBRATE FREE INSTITUTIONS.
Sulgrave in America and England giving direction to celebrations
of Landing of Pilgrim Fathers and meeting First
American Legislative Assembly.
In June, 1915, at a meeting of the International Orgariiza-
tion it was decided to make no further attempt to celebrate the
Century of Peace, but rather to focus effort in the direction of
celebrating adequately and on an international scale the three
hundredth anniversary of the Mayflower Compact of the first
American Legislative Assembly, in Jamestown, Virginia, July
30, 1619, and also the settlement of Roanoke Island, N. C,
and the other beginnings and developings of free institutions
throughout the English-speaking world.
The underlying intention as regards the celebration was and
is to impel a great educational movement, which shall bring to the
apprehension of all peoples, particularly English-speaking, the
underlying common-sense fairness and beneficence of what we
call our free institutions. It is purposed through school, college,
pulpit, legislature, lecture platform and the church, but particular-
ly through the school and the church, to hold up to the under-
standing of native and alien alike English-speaking free insti-
tutions in contrast with those and the practices of the Bolshevist,
the anarchist and the radical Socialist.
The present outlook gives promise of such a movement for
education in support of free liberty-endowed and common-sense
institutions as the world has never seen.
In May, 1919, the Sulgrave Institution organized to celebrate
the Tercentenary as a "Committee of the Whole," and with the
following changes from its Sulgrave official personnel.
Thomas R. Marshall, Vice President of the United States, Honorary Chairman.
His Excellency, the British Ambassador, Honorary Vice Chairman.
His Excellency, the Minister for the Netherlands, Honorary Vice Chairman.
William Salomon of New York, (deceased). Treasurer.
Martm Vogel, of New York, Chairman Finance Committee.
Dr. John H. Finley, Albany, New York, Chairman Committee on Education.
Dr. James Sullivan, Albany, New York, Secretary.
Associated with the American Committee in the plans for the
celebration is the Anglo-American Society, organized by the
English Sulgrave, representing Great Britain, with the following
Field Marshal H. R. H. The Duke of Connaught, K. G., President.
The Right Hon. Viscount Bryce, 0. M., Deputy-President.
The Lord Weardale, Executive Chairman.
Aid. Sir^Charles C. Wakefield, Bart., Ho7i. Treasurer.
Sir Robert A. Hadfield, Bart., F. R. S., Hon. Treasurer.
H. S. Ferris, M. A., General Secretary.
VICE-PRESIDENTS OF THE SOCIETY
The American Ambassador.
The British Ambassador in Washington.
The Archbishop of Canterbury.
The Lord Chancellor.
The Archbishop of York.
Rt. Hon. D. Lloyd George, M. P.
Rt. Hon. A. J. Balfour, M. P.
Rt. Hon. H. H. Asquith.
Rt. Hon. Viscount Grey, K. G.
Rt. Hon. Sir William Mather.
The President, Free Church Council.
The Moderator, Church of Scotland.
The Moderator, U. F. Church of Scotland.
The Chief Rabbi.
The Lord Mayor of London.
The Chairman, London Country Council.
The Canadian High Commissioner.
The High Commissioner for Australia.
The High Commissioner for South Africa.
The High Commissioner for New Zealand.
The Vice-Chancellor, Oxford University.
The Vice-Chancellor, Cambridge University.
The Vice-Chancellor, London University.
The President, British Association.
The President, Royal Academy.
Lord Weardale, Chairman.
Finance and Membership Committee.
Aid. Sir Charles C. Wakefield, Bart., Chairman.
Education and Universities Committee.
Lord Glenconner, Chairman.
Memorials and Hospitality Committee.
Lord Lee of Fareham, G. B. E., K. C. B., Chairman.
Publicity and Propaganda Committee.
Sir Arthur Herbert, G. C. V. O., Chairman.
GENERAL COMMITTEE OF THE SOCIETY.
Major Hon. Waldorf Astor, M. P.
Percy Alden, Esq.
The Revd. M. E. Aubrey, M. A.
Rt. Hon. Viscount Bryce, O. M.,
G. C. V. O.
Rt. Hon. Lord Burnham.
Lord Henry Cavendish Bentinck, M.P.
Colonel C. E. Bryan.
Rt. Hon. Sir John Brunner, Bart.
The Revd. W. Copeland Bowie.
Sir A. Shirley Benn, K. B. E., M. P.
Sir Harry Brittain, K. B. E., M. P.
Reginald Blomfield, Esq., R. A.
Edward Price Bell, Esq.
The Revd. S. M. Berry, M. A.
J. F. L. Brunner, Esq.
The Lord Mayor of Bristol.
Sir Frank Crisp, Bart.
Venble. Archdeacon Carnegie.
Revd. John Clifford, D. D.
Rt. Hon. Lord Charnwood.
Rt. Hon. Lord Hugh Cecil, M. P.
Sir W. J. Collins, K. C. V. O.
John Chapman, Esq.
Sir Jeremiah Coleman, Bart.
Revd. Dr. J. Estlin, Carpenter.
The Master of Christ's College, Cam-
bridge (Dr. A. E. Shipley.)
Rt. Hon. Wir W. H. Dickinson.
Robert Donald, Esq.
Revd. T. H. Darlow, M. A.
Major David Davies, M. P.
Very Revd. W. Moore Ede, D. D.
Master of Emmanuel College, Cam-
bridge (Dr. P. Giles).
Sir Algernon Firth, Bart.
Rt. Hon. T. R. Ferens.
Revd. W. T. Fullerton.
Charles Fenton, Esq.
Professor I. GoUancz, Litt. D.
T. R. Glover, Esq.
Principal Garvie, D. D.
A. G. Gardiner, Esq.
The Lord Guthrie.
Rt. Hon. Lord Glenconner.
Captain Hon. Fredk. E. Guest. D. S.
O., M. P.
Sir Robert Hadfield, Bart, F. R. S.
Rt. Hon. Viscount Harcourt.
Rt. Hon. Arthur Henderson.
Sir Arthur Herbert, G. C. V. O.
Dr. J. Rendel Harris.
Silas K. Hocking, Esq.
Professor F. J. C. Hearnshaw.
Revd. Dr. Jowett.
Revd. Monsingor Jackman.
Sir Oliver Lodge.
Colonel Lord Lee of Fareham, G. B. K.,
K. C. B.
Sie Sidney Lee.
Professor E. S. Lyttel.
Revd. Dr. F. B. Meyer.
J. A. R. Marriott, Esq., M. P.
Professor Gilbert Murray.
Edward Marshall, Esq.
Rt. Hon. Sir William Mather.
Sir Donald MacAllister.
Wilson Marriage, Esq.
Mrs. Woodhull Martin.
Colonel Hon. A. C. Murray, D. S. O.,
Rt. Hon. The Earl of Plymouth.
Rt. Hon. Sir Gilbert Parker, Bart.
Dr. A. Ramsa3^
Dr. J. Holland Rose.
Colonel Sir Campbell Stuart.
H. Gordon Selfridge, Esq.
John S. Sargent, Esq., R. A.
Principal Selbie, D. D.
Rt. Hon. Sir Albeit Splcer, Bart. Revd. F. L. Wiseman, B. A.
Colonel H. K. Stephenson, D. S. 0., Colonel Sir Clharles Wakefield, Bart.
H. G. Wells, Esq.
Rt. Hon. J. H. Thomas, M. P. ,, . t^
T} r^ I o Mi7 T-L ^ Major Evelyn Wrench.
brig, (jeneral H. W. 1 hornton. ^ ^
Rt. Hon. Lord Weardale. Miss WoodhuU.
H. G. Wood, Esq., M. A. Revd. Thomas Yates.
PROGRAM OF CELEBRATION
At a meeting in London in April and May, 1919, the following
outline Preliminary Programme for 1920 Celebration was approved
by British and American official committees in joint session:
In Advance. — July 30-31, 1919. Preliminary Commemoration of Meeting
of First Legislative Assembly, at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619.
Prep.\ratory Work. — Preparation of moving pictures; preliminary confer-
ences to prepare propaganda; special lectures for Winter 1919. Conference Com-
mitte on program to be appointed in England and America; series of Tercentenary
posters to be designed by leading artists for use during Celebration; publicity
managers to be appointed; steamship and railway companies to be asked to ad-
vertise Celebration in their Handbooks and Folders; governments to be asked to
issue special memorial stamps.
January TO December, 1920. — Educational Instruction in Schools, Churches,
and Colleges bearing on the Celebration. Pamphlets and Memoranda to be
prepared and circulated through Education Authorities and Churches. Lantern
lectures to be prepared from photographs, etc., and included in W'inter and Spring
May-June, 1920. — Meetings at Scrooby, Austerfield, Boston, Cambridge,
etc., to celebrate origins of Pilgrim Movement. To be attended b}^ American
July-August 2nd, 1920. — Meetings at Amsterdam, Leyden, Delftshaven,
and the Hague, to be arranged by Dutch Committee in association with British
and American Comm.ittees to commemorate sojourn of Pilgrims in Holland and
August 4th-16th, 1920. — ^Celebration at Southampton, Plymouth, etc.,
and meetings throughout English-speaking World referring to the Sailing of
the "Mayflower". An American Delegation B. to be asked to attend and
participate. To culminate in the sailing of a "New Mayflower" ship from South-
ampton and Plymouth carrying returning American Delegates and also a Brit-
ish and Dutch Delegation to America via Boston, Mass.
Septe.mber 2-3, 1920. — Celebration in America, at Provincetown, scene of
the Mayflower Compact, followed by Reception and celebration in New York
and Tour of America.
October 5-12. — Celebration and ceremonies in Virginia. Program to be
November 9-11, 1920. — Celebration throughout English-speaking World in
honour of the "Mayflower" Compact — one of the foundation-stones of free
November 24th, 1920. — Universal Celebration of "Thanksgiving Day."
December 18-20, 1920. — Universal Celebration, including Memorial Church
Services, of arrival of Pilgrim Fathers at New Plymouth.
Popular Celebration. — (a) Pageants, (b) Inauguration of Monuments.
University Functions. Establishment of Lectureships, Scholarships, etc.. Me-
morial Dramatic and Operatic Performances. Memorial Publications, (c) In-
ternational Sports, Yacht races, Airplane, Motor Boats, Distance Motor races,
Polo, Tennis, Golf, etc. (d) Musical Jubike, Concerts, Band Contests, etc.
(e) Mayors of Towns and Cities of England and America to be invited to es-
tablish relations with places of similar name.
Preliminary Programme, Free Church Committee. — Scrooby, Bawtry,
Austerfield, Gainsboro, Boston, Amsterdam, Leyden, London, Southampton
PLYMOUTH, September 4th, 1920.
4. P. M., Reception by Lord Mayor.
4:45 P. M., Procession to the Hoe, Patriotic Songs led by Bands and Choir.
7:00 P. M., Public Meeting.
Saturday, September Sth.
8:00 A. M., Gathering at Town Hall steps for Covenant.
9:30 A. M. Quay-side Prayer Meeting.
3:00 P. M. Open-air Meetings in Public Parks.
7:00 P. M- Young People's Services and Meetings.
Monday, September 7th.
9:30 — 12:30 Conference. Papers and Addresses.
2:30— 5:00. Pageant.
LONDON, September 16th.
Pilgrim Fathers Church.
Great Meeting in Albert Hall.
Free Church Plans. — Dr. F. M. Meyer reported upon the Plans of the Free
Churches for the Pilgrim Fathers Celebration next year. These are appended
to these Minutes, and were approved, subject to co-ordination with the general
Programme of the Society.
The following Suggestions were also approved: —
(1) That President Wilson be asked to mention the Mayflower Celebra-
tions in his Annual Proclamations on Thanksgiving Day.
(2) That at 8 A. M. on the morning of the Tercentenary of the Sailing
of the "Mayflower" Anglo-Saxons throughout the world be invited to assemble,
with some ceremony, and with some common invocation for a blessing upon the
League of Nations, and their resolve to rededicate themselves to the work of
establishing peace and good-will among men.
(3) That some substantive and constructive idea be suggested at all May-
flower meetings, such as the union of Christian Churches and Missionary Societies
in Britain and America for building up a Christian civilization in all countries
under the League of Nations.
Special Stamp Issue. — It was resolved that a Deputation representing the
Society and the Free Churches' "Mayflower" Committee wait on the Postmaster
General and urge him to prepare a Special Issue of Postage Stamps Commemor-
ating the sailing of the "Mayflower" and the foundation of British Institutions
in Virginia and New England in time for next year's Celebration.
Sir Frank Benson. — The Secretary was authorized to report to Sir Frank
Benson the proposal of the Society for next year's Celebration, and to invite Sir
Frank to submit a Memorandum and Proposals for suitable Pageantry, along
with suggestions as to how this might be financed.
HOLLAND TO TAKE PART.
Recently His Excellency the Minister for the Netherlands
handed to the Sulgrave Institution, in behalf of the Committee
for the Netherlands, located at Plantsoen 17, Leiden, Holland, the
following memorandum in respect of the Netherlands program of
celebration, which communication conveys an invitation to the
Sulgrave Institution to send a representative Committee of Ameri-
cans to participate in the Netherlands event. It may be said in
this connection that representative committees will also be sent
to Great Britain next year and that similar committees from Great
Britain and Holland will become the guests of the Sulgrave In-
stitution Committee for the Tercentenary.
NEDERLANDSCHE PILGRIM FATHERS COMMISSIE
Voorzitter: prof. dr. F. Pijper
Secretaris: dr. D. Plooij
Plantsoen 12, Leiden.
DUTCH PILGRIM FATHERS CELEBRATION 1920.
Sunday, August 29th. Preliminary Program.
Monday, August 30th:
11 A. M., Reception at the Leyden University, Addresses of welcome by the
President of the Pilgrim Fathers Commission, and of the Rector of the
University. Reply by Dr. Rendel Harris (Manchester). Viscount Bryce
and an American delegate.
12:30 P. M., Lunch.
4:00 P. M., First session of the Congress in the Public Town Hall. Speakers:
English scholar on: England and the Pilgrims, Prof. EekhofF: Holland and
the Pilgrims, American scholar on: America and the Pilgrims. (The ses-
sion bears a historical-scientific character.) No discussion.
7:30 P. M., Reception by the Burgomaster in the "Stadhuis".
Tuesday, August 31st. (Birthday of Her Majesty the Queen.)
10: A. M., Public meeting.
2:30 P. M., Second session of the Congress in the Public Town Hall.
Names of speakers to be published afterwards. Discussion.
7:30 P. M., Religious memorial service in the Pieterskerk in which John
Robinson was buried. Languages: Dutch and English.
Wednesday, September 1st.
10:00 A. M., Meeting in the "Rijksmuseum". Paper read by
on: Art of painting in the time of the Pilgrims in Holl. Visit
to the Bagijnekerk. Unveiling painted window.
7:30 P. M., Reception by the local Committee of Amsterdam (Programme
to be worked out afterwards.)
Thursday, September 2nd.
In the morning from Leyden to Delftshaven, if possible by boat along the
way the Pilgrims went.
11:00 A. M., Visit to the havens of Rotterdam. Lunch on board.
4:30 P. M., Memorial service in the Church in Delftshaven.
7:00 P. M., Dinner on board, departure for Southampton.
On Sunday, August 29th, Rev. Wm. Thomson of the English Reformed
Church at Amsterdam hopes to organize a devotional service in the Bagijnekerk
at Amsterdam, to which are invited the members of the Congress who might
already have arrived in Holland.
APPROXIMATE ITINERARY FOR EUROPEAN TOURS IN
CONNECTION WITH THE TERCENTENARY OF THE
Specially Prepared for Sulgrave Institution by
Thos. Cook & Sons, N. Y.
Due at Cherbourg. By train to Paris.
In Paris, Sightseeing drives around the city and
to Versailles and return. Three days' trip
by train and motor car visiting some of the most
important battlefields of France particularly
where American troops fought. Included in
the trip are Chateau Thierry, Belleau Woods,
Verdun, Fort Vaux Argonne Forest, Rheims etc
Monday, July 26th. Daylight trip by rail and steamer from Paris
Tuesday, July 27th. In London Two days' drives included, also
Wednesday, August 4th. excursion to Windsor, Eton and Stoke Poges.
Thursday, August 5th. To Cambridge.
Friday, August 6th. In Cambridge.
Saturday, August 7th. To Peterborough.
Sunday, August 8th. In Peterborough.
Monday, August 9th. To Boston.
Tuesday, August 10th. In Boston.
Wednesday, August 11th. To Doncaster.
Thursday, August 12th. In Doncaster. Side Trip to Scrooby and
Friday, August 13th. return.
Saturday, August 14th. To York.
Sunday, August 15th. In York.
Monday, August 16th. "
Tuesday, August 17th. To Edinburgh.
Wednesday, August 18th. In Edinburgh. Drive included.
Friday, August 20th.
Saturday, August 21st. To Aberdeen.
Sunday, August 22nd. In Aberdeen.
Monday, August 23rd.
Tuesday, August 24th. To Edinburgh.
Wednesday, August 25th. To Leeds.
Thursday, August 26th. In Leeds.
Friday, August 27th. To Manchester.
Saturday, August 28th. In Manchester
Sunday, August 29th.
Monday, August 30th. To Sheffield.
Tuesday, August 31st. In Sheffield.
Wednesday, September 1st. To Stratford-on-Avon.
Thursday, September 2nd. Excursions to Warwick, Sulgrave, Shottery,
Friday, September 3rd. Kenilworth, etc.
Saturday, September 4th. To Oxford.
Sunday, September 5th, In Oxford.
Tuedsay, September 7th.
Wednesday, September 8th. To Gloucester.
Thursday, September 9th. In Gloucester.
Friday, September 10th. To Bristol.
Saturday, September 11th. In Bristol.
Sunday, September 12th.
Monday, September 13th. To Plymouth.
Tuesday, September 14th. In Plymouth.
Wednesday, September 15th. Sail from Plymouth.
SULGRAVE'S CELEBRATION COMMITTEE
Personnel of Principal Organizations Represented by Special
Committees to Act With Sulgrave.
G. Glen Toole, Mayor of Macon, Ga.
T. T. Hyde, Mayor of Charleston, S. C.
Wallace M. Short, Mayor of Sioux City, Iowa
George W. Burnisde, Mayor of Sioux Falls, S. D.
T. A. Potter, Mayor of Macon City, Iowa.
R. Livingston Beeckman, Governor of Rhode Island
John M. Grimm, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
National Council of Congregational Churches
President W. Douglas Mackenzie, Hartford, Conn., Chairman
Rev. Hubert C. Herring, D. D., New York, Secretary
Pres. Henry Churchill King, S. D., Oberlin, Ohio
Rev. Charles F. Carter, D. D., Hartford, Conn.
W. W. Mills, Marietta, Ohio
Herbert J. Brown, Portland, Me.
Van A. Wallin, Chicago, 111.
Rev. E. H. Byington, D. D., Boston, Mass.
Lucius R. Eastman, New York, N. Y.
Rev. Robert R. Wicks, Holyoke, Mass.
T. C. MacMillan, Chicago, 111.
Rev. S. Parks Cadman, Brooklyn, N. Y.
O. J. Hill, Kansas City, Mo.
Albert M. Lyon, Boston, Mass.
Colonial Dames of America
Mrs. T. M. Cheesman, President, New York, N. Y.
Mrs. W. Herbert Washington, New York, N. Y.
Mrs. Frederick K. Eldridge, Aidsley-on-Hudson, N. Y.
American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers, President, American Federation of Labor.
G. W. Perkins, President, Cigarmakers International Union of America,
Monon Building, Chicago, 111.
Matthew Woll, Vice-President, American Federation of Labor, 6111 Bishop
St., Chicago, 111.
National Society Daughters of the American Revolution
Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey, President General, Independence, Kansas.
Mrs. Henry Snowden Bowron, New York, N. Y.
Miss Emma Crowell, Philadelphia, Pa.
Colonial Dames of the State of New York
Mrs. Hamilton R. Fairfax, President, New York, N. Y.
Mrs. Anson P. Atterbury, New York, N. Y.
Mrs. Elihu Chauncey, New York, N. Y.
St. David's Society
Charles E. Hughes, President, New York, N. Y.
John Castree Williams, Vice President, New York, N. Y.
John T. W. Rowe, Vice President, New York, N. Y.
St. George's Society
E. F. Darrow, New York
St. Andrew's Society
Alexander C. Humphreys, Preside^it, Hoboken, N.,J.
Alexander B. Halliday, Secretary, New York, N. Y.
William Sloane, New York, N. Y.
National Rifle Association of America
William Libbey, President, Princeton, N. J.
Richard D. LaGarde, Washington, D. C.
Fred H. Phillips, Jr., Washington, D. C.
The Brotherhood of St. Andrew in the United States
Edward H. Bonsall, President, Philadelphia, Pa.
G. Frank Shelby, General Secretary, Philadelphia, Pa.
Old Guard, Veteran Battalion of New York
Henry L. Stockbridge, Chairman, New York, N. Y.
National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution
Louis Annin Ames, President General, New York, N. Y.
John Milton Reifsnider, Baltimore, Md.
Elmer M. Wentworth, Camden, N. J.
Lewis B. Curtis, Bridgeport, Conn.
George E. Pomeroy, Toledo, Ohio
Chancellor L. Jenks, Chicago, 111.
John Leonard Merrill, New York, N. Y.
William A. Marble, New York, N. Y.
C. A. Pugsley, Peekskill, N. Y.
The Knights of King Arthur
Bliss Forbush, Rtgent, Lebanon, N. H.
City History Club of New York
Mrs. A. Barton Hepburn, President, New York, N. Y.
Fifth Avenue Association, New York, N. Y.
Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America
American Unitarian Association, Boston, Mass.
New York State Historical Association
James Sullivan, Ph. D., Albany, N. Y.
Frank H. Severance, L. H. D., BufFalo, N. Y.
Dixon Ryan Fox, Ph. D., New York, N. Y.
National Council of the Junior Order of United American
Stephen Collins, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Charles Reimer, Baltimore, Md.
• James L. Witmesh, Washington, D. C.
M. M. Woods, Philadelphia, Pa.
General Conference of the Methodist Protestant Church
Rev. Dr. Lyman E. Davis, President, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Rev. Charles H. Beck, Secretary, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Huguenot Society of America.
Bishop James H. Darlington, Chairman
Wm. Mitchell, President-General
T. J. Oakley Rhinelander, Treasurer-General
Margaret A. Jackson, Secretary-General
American Civic Association
Mr. Arnold W. Brunner, 101 Park Ave., New York City.
Mr. William N. Garland, Van Nays Bldg., Los Angeles, Cal.
Mr. Grorge W. Marston, San Diego, Cal.
Hdn. Lawrence C. Phipps, U. S. Senate, Washington, D. C.
Mr. Richard B. Watrous, care of Nestles Food Co., 134 William St., New York
Mr. Frederick A. Delano, 1136 16th St., Washington, D. C.
Hon. Morton D. Hull, 105 La Salle St. South, Chicago, 111.
Mr. Victor F. Lawson, 13 No. Wells St., Chicago, 111.
Colonel Andrew Cowan, 912 Fourth St., Louisville, Ky.
Mr. Theodore Marburg, 14 West Mt. Vernon Place, Baltimore, Md.
Mrs. Robert S. Bradley, 411 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, Mass.
Mr. George B. Dealey, The Dallas News, Dallas, Texas
Miss E. F. Mason, 1 Walnut St., Boston, Mass.
Mr. Clinton Rogers Woodruff, No. American Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa.
Mr. Charles W. Ames, Pres. West Publishing Co., St. Paul, Minn.
Mr. George E. Kessler, Security Bldg., St. Louis, Mo.
Mrs. Stewart Hartshorn, Shorthills, New Jersey.
Mr. Charles W. Leavitt, 220 Broadway, New York City.
Mrs. E. T. Stotesbury, 1925 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Governor Edge of New Jersey.
Dr. John Grier Hibben, Princeton, N. J.
Dr. John Dyneley Prince, Columbia University, New York
Dr. W. H. S. Demarest, Rutger's College, New Brunswick.
Mr. Amos E. Kraybill, Asbury Park, N. J.
Mr .C. B. Boyer, Atlantic City, N. J.
Mr. P. H. Smith, Bayonne, N. J.
Mr. George Norris, Bloomfield, N. J.
Mr. James K. Bryan, Camden, N. J.
Mr. E. C. Broome, East Orange, N. J.
Mr. Frederick E. Emmons, Elizabeth, N. J.
Mr. A. J. Demarest, Hoboken, N. J.
Dr. Henry Snyder, Jersey City, N. J.
Mr. David B. Corson, Newark, N. J.
Mr. J. R. Wilson, Paterson, N. J.
Mr. H.J. Neal, Phillipsburg, N. J.
Mr. Henry M. Maxson, Plainfield, N. J.
Mr. Walter B. Davis, Salem, N. J.
Dr. Ebenezer Mackay, Trenton, N. J.
Dr. William A. Wetzel, Trenton, N. J.
Mr. Henry M. Cressman, Egg Harbor City, N. J.
Mr. B. C. Wooster, Hackensack, N. J.
Mr. Louis J. Kayser, Mount Holly, N. J.
Mr. Charles S. Albertson, Camden, N. J.
Mr. Aaron W. Hand, Cape May Court House, N. J.
Mr. J. J.Unger, Bridgeton, N. J.
Mr. Olivef J. Morelock, Newark, (Essex Bldg.,) N.J.
Mr. Daniel T. Steelman, Woodbury, N. J.
Mr. Austin H. Updyke, Jersey City, N. J.
Mr. Jason S. Hoffman, Flemington, N. J.
Mr. Joseph M. Arnold, Trenton, N. J.
Mr. H. Brewster Willis, New Brunswick, N. J.
Mr. Charles J. Strahan, Freehold, N. J.
Mr. J. Howard Hulsart, Morristown, N. J.
Mr. Charles A. Morris, Toms River, N. J.
Mr. Edward W. Garrison, Paterson, N. J.
Mr. H. C. Dixon, Salem, N. J.
Mr. Henry C. Krebs, Somerville, N. J.
Mr. Ralph Decker, Newton, N. J.
Mr. A. L. Johnson, Elizabeth, N. J.
Mr. Howard E. Shimer, Belvidere, N. J.
Mr. Melvin A. Rice, Altlantic Highlands, N. J.
Mr. John C. Van Dyke, New Brunswick, N.J.
Mr. D. Stewart Craven, Salem, N. J.
Mr. John P. Murray, Jersey City, N. J.
Mr. Edgar H. Sturtevant, Edgewater, N. J.
Mr. Thomas W. Synnott, Wenonah, N. J.
Hon. Ernest R. Ackerman, Plainfield, N. J.
Mr. Robert Lynn Cox, Montclair, N. J.
Hon. Calvin N. Kendall, Commissioner of Education, Trenton, N. J.
Dr. J. J. Savitz, Normal School, Trenton, N. J.
Dr. Charles S. Chapin, Normal School, Montclair, N. J.
Dr. W. Spader Willis, Normal School, Newark, N. J.
Mgr. J. F. Mooney, Seton Hall College, South Orange, N. J.
Rev. John Dillon, Supt. of Parochial Schools, Newark, N. J.
Rev. Solomon Foster, Newark, N. J.
Rev. J. Silberfeld, Newark, N. J.
Rev. Joel Blau, Trenton, N. J.
I. N. Reinhart, 532 East 22nd St., Paterson, N. J.
Mrs. Herbert Turrell, 72 Chestnut Ave., W. Orange, N. J.
Mr. Henry V. Condict, 217 Roseland Ave., Essex Falls, N. J.
Mrs. Carl Roebling, 211 W. State St., Trenton, N. J.
Mr. Harold Murray, Princeton, N. J.
Mr. Robert M. Boyd, Jr., Montclair, N. J.
Mr. Arthur Lovell, Plainfield, N. J.
Mr. John S. Parker, South Orange, N. J.
Mrs. W. S. Meek, Elizabeth, N. J.
Mr. Merritt G. Perkins, 140 Third St., Newark, N. J.
Mrs. E. Barclay Price, Elizabeth, N. J.
Dr. Alfred L. Ellis, Metuchen, N. J.'
Mr. John Leonard Merrill, 517 Park Ave., East Orange, N. J.
Hon. Guy L. Fake, Rutherford, N. J.
Henry Whipple, Hackettstown, N. J.
Mr. A. H. Loomis, 18 Princeton PI., Upper Montclair, N. J.
Hon. James E. Campbell, Columbus, Ohio
Bishop Theodore L Reese, Columbus, Ohio
Dr. S. S. Palmer, 49 N. Ohio, Ave., Columbus, Ohio
Mr. Foster Copeland, Pres., City National Bank, Columbus, Ohio
Judge James G. Johnson, Supreme Court, Columbus, Ohio
Colonel E. N. Wilson, Columbus, Ohio
Mr. Henry A. Williams, Taylor, Williams, Cole & Harvey, Columbus, Ohio
Mrs. Clara Holmes, 226 Findlay St., Cincinnati, Ohio
Hon. John E. Bruce, Masonic Temple, Cincinnati, Ohio
Hon. Lawernce Maxwell, Union Central Bldg., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Mr. Nathaniel D. C. Hodges, Librarian, Cincinnati, Ohio
A. G. Bookwalter, General Secretary, Y. M. C. A., Cincinnati, Ohio
Prof. Isaac J. Cox, American History Dept., University of Cincinnati, Ohio.
Mrs. Herman J. Grosbeck, 2173 Grandin Rd., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio
Rev. Dan F. Bradley, 2905 W. Fourteenth' St., Cleveland, Ohio
Miss Hester E. Hosford, 1764 Randor Rd., Cleveland, Ohio
Hon. Andrew Sqiiier, Leader News Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio
Mrs. James R. Garfield, 3328-Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio
Hon. R. H. Baker, Cleveland Plain Dealer, Cleveland, Ohio
Mr. Samuel Mather, Western Reserve Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio
Mr. John W. Perrin, Case Library, Cleveland, Ohio
Mrs. Edward L. Harris, 6719 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio
Mr. Frank Spaulding, Supt. of Schools, Cleveland, Ohio
Mrs. George Mcintosh, 2238 Devonshire Drive, Ambler Hts., Cleveland, Ohio
Hon. William H. Young, Attorney', Dayton, Ohio
Mr. C. P. Brooke. Eaton, Ohio
Hon. A. Z. Blair, Portsmouth, Ohio
Prof. Karl F. Geiser, Oberlin, Ohio
Dr. E. R. Henning, Bellefontaine, Ohio
Dr. William F. Reeves, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio
Prof, Henry S. Lehr, Ada, Ohio
Mr. John E. Hopley, Bucyrus, Ohio
Mr. Barton E. Stevenson, Chillicothe, Ohio
General J. Warren Keifer, Springfield, Ohio
Colonel T. F. Spangler, Zanesville, Ohio
Hon. H. C. Van Voorhis, Zanesville, Ohio
Mr. S. M. Burgess, Cambridge, Ohio
Mr. John Amos, Cambridge, Ohio
Hon. D. J. Green, Cumberland, Ohio
Prof. E. N. Dye, Caldwell, Ohio
Mr. Edmund B. King, Sandusky, Ohio
Mrs. Samuel B. Sneath, Tiffin, Ohio
Mr. Harlan F. Burket, Findlay, Ohio
Dr. William E. Chancellor, Wooster, Ohio
Hon. M. R. Denver, Wilmington, Ohio
Mr. N. C. Wright, Toledo, Ohio
Mr. W. E. Weygandt, Wooster, Ohio
Mr. H. E. Conn, Van Wert, Ohio
Mr. W. K. Maxwell, Akron Times, Akron, Ohio
Mr. H. S. Firestone, Akron, Ohio
Col. PL A. Marring, Ironton, Ohio
Judge James G. Tarbell, Georgetown, Ohio
Mr. J. Francis LeBaron, Chardon, Ohio.
Hon. H. W. Coultrap, McArthur, Ohio
Dr. C. H. Ross, Alliance, Ohio
Gov. James P. Goodrich, Indianapolis, Indiana
Frank B. Wynn, Indianapolis, Indiana
Harlow Lindley, Richmond, Indiana
James A. Woodburn, Bloomington, Indiana
Charles W. Moores, Indianapolis, Indiana
Samuel M. Foster, Fort Wayne, Indiana
John Cavanaugh, Notre Dame, Indiana
Charity Dye, Indanapolis, Indiana
Lew M. O'Bannon, Corydon, Indiana
Daniel Wait Howe, Indianapolis, Indiana
William E. English, Indianapolis, Indiana
John H. HoUiday, Indianapolis, Indiana
Logan Esarey, Bloomington, Indiana
C. B. Coleman, Indianapolis, Indiana
W. W. Sweet, Greencastle, Indiana
T. F. Moran, Lafayette, Indiana
L. H. Gipson, Crawfordsville, Indiana
H. N. Sherwood, Franklin, Indiana
Wm. O. Lynch, Muncie, Indiana
W. H. Hamelle, Monticello, Indiana
Lee Burns, Indianapolis, Indiana
Carl H. Lieber, Indianapolis, Indiana
Edgar M. Baldwin, Fairmont, Indiana
Vida Newsom.. Columbus, Indiana
C. V. Haworth, Kokomo, Indiana
J. A. Mott, Seymour, Indiana
George R. Wilson, Jasper, Indiana
Genevieve Williams, Huntingburg, Indiana
Mrs. Rufus Dooley, Rockville, Indiana
Mrs. Kate M. Rabb, Indianapolis, Indiana
Charles E. Rush, Indianapolis, Indiana
John W. Oliver, Indianapolis, Indiana
Esther U. McNitt, Indianapolis, Indiana
Lucy M. Elliott, Indianapolis, Indiana
Miss Drucilla Cravens, Madison, Indiana
Miss Katherine M. Graydon, Indianapolis, Indiana
A. R. Markle, Terre Haute, Indiana
Elmore Barce, Fowler, Indiana
Wm. H. Mathew, Gary, Indiana
John L. Forkner, Anderson, Indiana
George R. Wilson, Jasper, Indiana
Mrs. Sam Mathews, Tipton, Indiana
Wm. B. Lindley, Salem, Indiana
F. A. Miller, South Bend, Indiana
Howard Roosa, Evansville, Indiana
L. N. Hines, Indianapolis, Indiana
Ben F. McKey, Lebanon, Indiana
J. W. Whicker, Attica, Indiana
T. J. de La Hunt, Cannelton, Indiana
George M. Barnard, New Castle, Indiana
Hon. Alfred E. Smith, Honoraiy Chairman |
Hon. Nathaniel Foote, Chairman, Rochester.
South Carolina Hon. Robt. A. Cooper
Tennessee Hon, A. H. Roberts, Honorary Chairman
Pennsylvania Hon. Wm. C. Sproul
Rhode Island Hon. R. Livingston Beeckman, Honorary Chairman
Louisiana Hon. R. G. Pleasant, Honorary Chairman
North Carolina Hon. T. W.Bickett, Honorary Chairman
Florida Hon. Sidney J. Catts, Honorary Chairman
(Other states organizing)
Artemas P. Hannum, Chairman, Board of Selectmen
James Biram, Chairman, Board of Assessors
Chas. N. Rogers, Chairman, Overseers of the Poor
George F. Miller, Centenary M. E. Church
Daniel M. McKay, Center M. E. Church
John F. Snow, Church of the Redeemer, Universalist
Duncan A. Matheson, Church of the Pilgrims
John Dennis, St. Peter's R. C. Church
Frank A. Days, Jr , St. Peters R. C. Church
Judge Walter Welsh, Board of Trade
Myrick C. Atvvood, Pilgrim Monument Association
John P. Silva, King Hiram's Lodge, Masons
Frank S. Miller, Fraternal Lodge, Odd Fellows
William H. Young,
John A. Matheson, 2nd.
Mason City, Iowa
Mayor A. Potter
Mr. J. E. Blythe
Mr. C. H. McNider
Mr. B. C. Keeler
Mr. B. C. Way
Mr. F. J. Hanlon
Mr. Earl Smith
Dr. J. W. Daugherty
Mr. Allen F. Beck
Mr. Jay E. Decker
Mr. W. E. Millington
Mr. E. L. Balz
Mr. W. G. C. Bagley
Mr. John A. Senneff
Mr. G. N. Clark
Mr. Wm. H. Griebling
Mr. J. M. Hazlett
Mr. Wm. F. Huse
Mr. C. M. Lee
Dr. W .G. Egloff
Major O. W. Garman
Mrs. Laura B. Weston
Mrs. Wm. B. Wilson
Mrs. Cora SennefF
Mrs. T. A. Potter
Mrs. J. E. Blythe
Sioux Falls, S. D.
Mayor Geo. W. Burnside, Sious Palls, S. D.
Hon. James E. Elliott, U. S. Circuit Judge, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Hon. J. Howard Gates, Judge State Supreme Court, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Hon. Judge J. T. Medin, Judge State Circuit Court, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Hon. C. A. Christipherson, Member Elect of Congress, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Right Rev. Hugh L. Burleson, Episcopal Bishop, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Right Rev. Thomas O'Gorman, Catholic Bishop, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Rev. W. E. Roberts, Presbyterian Minister, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Rev. C. B. Tupper, Christian Church, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Rev. S. H. Orwall, Norwegian Church, Sioux Falls, S. D.
D. J. Conway, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D.
C. O. Bailey, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D.
F. R. Aikens, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Joe Kirby, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Tore Teigen, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D.
A. B. Fairbanks, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D.
R. J. Wells, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D.
C. M. Day, Editor, Daily Argus Leader, Sioux Falls, S. D.
W. C. Cook, Editor, Sioux Falls Press, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Dr. Helen S. Peabody, Principal All Saints School (Episcopal) Sioux Falls, S.D.
Mrs. Ed Hyde, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Mrs. E. G. Kennedy, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Mrs. Mark D. Scott, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Mrs. A. B. Sessions, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Mrs. G. J. Danforth, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Mrs. A. H. Stites, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Mrs. T. J. White, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Mrs. Roger Dennis, Red Cross Worker, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Mrs. Theo. Norton, Red Cross Worker, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Miss Clara Thompson, Business Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Mrs. T. H. Brown, Womans Relief Corps, Sioux Falls, S. D.
T. H. Hardimon, City Commissioner, Sioux Falls, S. D.
John Mundt, City Commissioner, Sioux Falls, S. D.
W. L. Baker, Banker, Sioux Falls, S. D.
C. E. McKinney, Banker. Sioux Falls, S. D.
F. H. Johnson, Banker, Sioux Falls, S. D.
C. W. Thompson, Banker, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Geo. M. Foster, Vice-President Morrell Packing Co., Sioux Falls, S. D.
H. C. Freese, Merchant, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Geo. T. Blackman, Money Loaner, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Geo. A. Pettygrew, Grand Secretary, Masonic Bodies, Sioux Falls, S. D.
H. F. Brownell, Automobile Dealer, Sioux Falls, S. D.
D. C. Jewett, Wholesale Grocer, Sioux Falls, S. D.
A. R. Fellows, Wholesale Drugs, Sioux Falls, S. D.
E. D. Putnam, Doctor, Sioux Falls, S. D.
B. S. Reardon, Wholesale Hardware, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Thomas Shealey, Railroad Engineer, Sioux Falls, S. D.
L. F. Craig, Salesman, Sioux Falls, N. Y.
H. Hornby, Physician, Sioux Falls, S. D.
M. J. McCaffrey, Head of Labor Organization, Sioux Falls, S. D.
F. J. Watson, Real Estate, Sioux Falls, S. D.
Mr. Harry H. Williams, 18 Newton St., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. George W. Alden, 11 Newbury St., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. James T. Corcoran, 42 School St., Brockton, Mass.
Edward Gilmore, Postmaster, Brockton, Mass.
Mr. Bernard Winslow, 99 Belcher Ave., Brockton, Mass.
I. Manuel Rubin, Lawyer, 231 Main St., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. Fred B. Howard, 56 Arlington St., Brockton, M:
Mr. Charles P. Holland, 32 Green St., Brockton, M:
Calvin R. Barrett, City Clerk, Brockton, Mass.
Mr. Leland W. Snow, 408 Ash St., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. Frank A. Manning, S7 Mulberry St., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. Roger Keith, 65 South St., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. George Leach, 50 South St., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. Charles Hillberg, 81 Hillberg Ave., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. Charles Kickey, 12 Doris Ave., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. John P. Meade, 28 Weston St., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. William S. Barford, 146 Cherry St., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. Horace Kingman, 112 Summer St., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. John F. Scully, 299 Ash St., Brockton, Mass.
Maurice Murphy, Lawyer, 231 Main St., Brockton, Mass.
Mr. Andrew L. Hunter, 350 Spring St., Brockton, Mass.
Mayor Toole, Hon. Chairman
Mrs. W. P. Coleman
Mrs. McEuen Johnston
Mrs. Cecil Morgan
Mrs. G. Troup Howard
Mrs. R. L. Smith
Mrs. H. M. Wortham
Mrs. Hubert Duckworth
Mrs. E. W. Bellamy
Mrs. Bruce C. Jones
Mrs. Duncan M. Brown
Mrs. E. W. Gould
Mrs. Walter A. Harris
Mrs. Cooper Winn, Jr.,
Mrs. John M. Cutler
Mrs. Joseph N. Noel
Mrs. Mary Ayes Harris
Mr. G. E. Paine
Mr. J. D. Crump
Mr. R. H. Mason
Mr. Harry Robert
Mr. R. L. McKinney
Mr. George H. Long
Mr. Luther Williams
Mr. H. N. Wortham
Mr. G. Troup Howard
Mr. F. H. Powers
Mr. John Streyer
Mr. C. B. Lewis
Mr. Jesse B. Hart
Mr. R. F. Burden
Mr. Joe H. Noel
Mr. John T. Moore
Mr. Eden Taylor, Jr.
City of Norfolk, Virginia
Mr. James E. Heath, Chairman, Law Building, Norfolk, Virginia
Mr. Mallory K. Cannon, Principal Maury High School, Norfolk, Virginia
Mr. Thomas S. Purdie, 340 Freemason St., Norfolk, Virginia
Mr. Douglas Gordon, care of Ledger Dispatch, Norfolk, Virginia
Mr. Percy S. Stephenson, Monticello Arcade, Norfolk, Virginia
Mr. S. S. Nottingham, 404 Warren Crescent, Norfolk, Virginia
Mr. Robert B. Tunstall, Citizens Bank Building, Norfolk, Virginia
Dr. H. H. Covington, 1134 Westover Ave., Norfolk, Virginia
Mr. Robert M. Hughes, Jr., Law Building, Norfolk, Virginia
Mr. Allan G. Burrow, Law Building, Norfolk, Virginia
Mrs. J. Westmore Willcox, Law Building, Norfolk, Virginia
Miss Mary D. Pretlow, care of Mr. John D. Abbitt, 521 Raleigh Ave.,
Mrs. Allan R. Hanckel, 322 Bute St., Norfolk, Virginia
Miss Ethel Neely, 716 Colonial Ave., Norfolk, Virginia
Mrs. N. M. Osborne, 1101 Westover Ave., Norfolk, Virginia
Mrs. A. B. Seldner, Dickson Building, Norfolk, Virginia
Mrs. John B. Miles, 530 Shirley Ave., Norfolk, Virginia
Miss Nannie D. Kensett, 344 Freemason St., Norfolk, Virginia
Utica, N. Y.
George E. Dunham, 1109 Park Ave., Utica, N. Y.
William W. Canfield, 7 Johnson Park, Utica, N. Y.
William E. Weed, 448 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y.
Leslie W. Brennan, 232 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y.
Michael J. Kernan, 3 Rutgers Park, Utica, N. Y.
Arthur M. Burke, 49 Warren Ave., Utica, N. Y.
Edward Bedford, 1125 Howard Ave., Utica, N. Y.
William J. Cahill, 1006 Dudley Ave., Utica, N. Y.
William T. Baker, 390 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y.
William H. Roberts, 60 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y.
Frank X. Matt, 1910 Whitesboro St., Utica, N. Y.
Frederic J. Bovvne, 505 Henry St., Utica, N. Y.
John G. Duffy, 105 Boyce Ave., Utica, N. Y.
Frederick W. Kincaid, 214 Rutger St., Utica, N. Y.
J. Fred Maynard, 352 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y.
Thomas R. Proctor, 312 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y.
Frederick T. Proctor, 318 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y.
Otto A. Meyer, 14 Jewett Place, Utica, N. Y.
Bierne Gordon, Jr., 21 Clinton Place, Utica, N. Y.
John Owen Thomas, 1108 West St., Utica, N. Y.
William L Taber, 829 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y.
Charles S. Symonds, 373 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y.
George L. Bradford, 403 Genesee St., Utica, N Y
J. Francis Day, 360 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y.
Harlan G. Newcomer, 1505 Elm St., Utica, N. Y.
Capt. William Mayer, Home Defense Bldg., Elizabeth St., Utica, N. Y.
Fred Sisson, 101 Mayrc Bldg., Genesee St., Utica, N. Y.
Hon. James B. Smith.
Henry C. Morris, Chiacgo, 111.
Fenton M. Parke, Buffalo, N. Y.
Charles W. French, Boston, Mass.
Sinclair Kennedy, Boston, Mass.
Bennehan Cameron, Raleigh, N. C.
T. M. Carrington, Richmond, Va.
Samuel Mather, Cleveland, Ohio.
Sherman T. Handy, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.
Truman H. Newberry, Detroit, Mich.
Milie Bunnell, Duluth, Mich.
Hugh James Fleming, San Francisco, Cal.
F. F. Peard, Los Angeles, Cal.
John S. Cunningham, Durham, S. C.
Charles Phelps Taft, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Francis B. Mitchell, Rochester, N. Y.
Justice Nathaniel Foote, Rochester, N. Y.
C. F. Amison, Fargo, N. D.
Vance C. McCormick, Harrisburg, Pa.
Bishop James H. Darlington, Harrisburg, Pa.
Louis R. Cheney, Hartford, Conn.
Milo Shanks, Elmira, N. Y.
S. G. Heiskell, Knoxville, Tenn.
Frank L. Dodge, Lansing, Mich.
F. AL Fling, Lincoln, Neb.
W. O. Head, Louisville, K}-.
E. B. Whitney, Meriden, Conn.
Charles L Button, Middlebury, Vt.
Rev. Walter Greenman, Milwaukee, Wis.
Levi Longfellow, Minneapolis, Minn.
B. F. Nelson, Minneapolis, Minn.
James B. Estee, Montpelier, Vt.
Hilary E. House, Nashville, Tenn.
Judge Henry Wade Rogers, New Haven, Conn.
Martin Behrman, New Orleans, La.
W. 0. Hart, New Orleans, La.
R. A. C. Smith, New York, N. Y.
.Arthur Schoellkopf, Niagara Falls, N. Y.
George W. Whitehead, Niagara, Falls, N. Y.
George F. Nye, Niagara Falls, N. Y.
Frank K. Mott, Oakland, Cal.
N. V. V. Franchot, Olean, N. Y.
Stanley Childs, Oneida, X. Y.
Hon. George W. Fairchild, Oneonta, N. Y.
Frederick H. Strawbridge, Philadelphia, Pa.
Rt. Rev. Philip Rhinelander, Philadelphia, Pa.
Bayard Henry, Philadelphia, Pa.
S. H. Church, Pittsburgh, Pa.
John R. Rathom, Providence, R. I.
Ira W. Stratton, Reading, Pa.
Breckinridge Jones, St. Louis, Mo.
Samuel C. Park, Salt Lake City, Utah.
George Sutherland, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Judge Thomas Burke, Seattle, Wash.
Donald Dey, Syracuse, N. Y.
Thomas Albert Fenton, Syracuse, X. Y.
Charles E. Crittenden, Toldeo, Ohio
John Hays Hammond, Washington, D. C.
Col. Thomas W. Simonds, Washington, D. C.
Dr. H. H. Warren, Yankton, S. D.
Henry L. K. Shaw, Albany, X'. Y.
Judge James F. Ailshie, Boise City, Idaho
Henry M. Beardsley, Kansas City, Mo.
George S. Bixby, Plattsburgh,
Harry L. Brown, St. Augustine,
John H. Broad, Morrisville, N. Y.
Herbert H. Hawkins, Hamilton, N. Y.
Arthur Lord, Plymouth, Mass.
SULGRAVE'S SCHEME OF EDUCATION
Sulgrave's plan of education in connection with the Ter-
centenary celebration as here given is somewhat tentative; but
the permanent plan is being formulated under the auspices of
Dr. Finley and Dr. Sullivan, of Albany, New York.
Committee on Schools and Universities:
Dr. John H. Finley, Chairman
Dr. James Sullivan, Secretary
1. Period of instruction in regard to the free institutions of
the English speaking world, Spring and Fall terms of 1920; with
special reference of
(a) Magna Charta; revolution of the Commonwealth;
colonial development, including meeting of the first
Legislative Assembly on American soil, in Jamestown,
Va., July 30— August 2, 1619;
(b) Mayflower Compact November 11, 1620; landing of
the Pilgrims on site of Plymouth, December 20, 1620;
(c) Drafting of the American Constitution, in which the
Massachusetts and Virginia ideas merged; likewise sig-
nalling in a public way all other events which mark the
progress and development of free institutions.
2. Essays, lectures, etc., in re free institutions.
3. Pageants which are being planned by Dr. Sullivan upon
the basis of the means at hand for carrying out such plans on the
part of the various classes of schools, which will graphically illus-
trate outstanding events in the history of English-speaking nations.
4. Interscholastic games.
5. Special use of moving and still stereopticon pictures.
6. Sending of an identical signed address by pupils of schools
situated in towns in America named for towns in Great Britain and
Ireland to the pupils of public schools located in such towns.
7. Several hours during the Spring and Fall terms to be de-
voted to instruction in re the English language and the need of
preserving its purity.
8, Day of instruction in re the Anglo-American common law
— how derived from a common source from the common-sense of
9. A universal meeting to be held in public schools on the
afternoon or evening of December 20, at which addresses shall be
delivered on the historical and political aspects of the Virginia
Assembly and the Pilgrim Fathers, etc.; this to be preceded on
Sunday, December 19, by sermons in all the churches relating to
the anniversary of the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers, the meaning
of their advent, the spirit of free institutions, etc., etc. The
exercises Monday, December 20, not only in the public schools, but
in public places everywhere, will terminate the international cele-
bration as arranged by the Sulgrave Institution — Anglo-Ameri-
can Society, and the Leyden Committee. A plan will also be
formulated for participation in any way that may be desirable in
the official celebration in Plymouth and Boston in 1921.
PLAN FOR VILLAGE CELEBRATIONS
Plan of celebration for villages and towns has been prepared
by a Village Celebration Committee, headquarters, Morrisville,
Madison County, N. Y. Details follow:
Committee on Village Celebration:
JohnR. Ellis, Chairman I. M. Charlton
John H. Broad Mrs. Wilbur Henderson
J. P. Wetmore Mrs. John R. Ellis
John A. Johnson Mrs. John H. Broad
Warren McAllister Miss Elizabeth Stewart
E. A. Fuller Mrs. John A. Johnson
H. C. Wood
1st. An Old Home Week, or old Home two or three days,
which shall have special reference to a program that will honor
the first settler of each town, (or settlers), and, in particular, the
man who gave the name to the town. This feature of the cele-
bration might include.
(a) A meeting under the auspices of the local Historical
Society, with essays read in reference of the beginning
and ancestral character of the respective towns:
(b) A simple pageant that shall relate to the Pilgrim
Fathers and the early settlers of Virginia, and to show
something of the early life of each village at the time of
its origin. (Note. — Full information can be secured as
to pageants by writing to Dr. James Sullivan, Secretary,
Sulgrave Tercentenary Committee on Education, De-
partment of Education, Albany, N. Y.)
(c) Sports, dancing, merry-making, etc.
2nd. Special instructions in the public school in regard to
the beginnings and developings of the free institutions of the
English-speaking world, with particular reference to the May-
flower Compact and the Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers, and the
meeting of the first American Legislative Assembly in James-
3rd. The distribution of copies of the Mayflower Compact
and the minutes of the first Legislative Assembly, which can be
found in any authoritative history of the United States.
4th. Addresses on Magna Charta, the Cromwellian Revo-
lution, the American Revolution, etc., with particular reference to
the Mayflower Compact and Virginia Assembly.
5th. November 11 at noon bell ringing for five minutes in all
villages in the United States, Canada, England, etc., in celebration
of the Mayflower Compact.
6th. Universal Thanksgiving Day with sermons in the
churches on the history and genius of English-speaking free in-
stitutions, and, finally,
7th. On Sunday, December 19, in all churches throughout
the English-speaking world, services particularly devoted to the
Pilgrim Fathers and Mothers.
WAR CAMP COMMUNITY SERVICE
Plan for Tercentenary
The Sulgrave Institution is glad to announce that the War Camp Community
Service has joined in with the Sulgrave in furthering the Tercentenary celebration.
A comprehensive program for smaller communities has been prepared by Miss
Constance D'Arcy Mackay, head of the Bureau of Pageantry and Drama, which is
herewith published in full. It is gratifying to acknowledge the splendid work
which the Communitj' Service is doing and the value of the services rendered to the
WAR CAMP COMMUNITY SERVICE SULGRAVE COMMITTEE
Joseph Lee, Chairman Gustavus T. Kirby
Hon. Myron T. Herrick Mrs. E. P. Earle
Howard S. Braucher Mrs. Eva Whiting White
Miss Constance D'Arcy MacKay
COMMITTEE SERVICE BULLETIN
There is to be a nation-wide celebration of the Pilgrim and First Legislative
Assembly Tercentenaries in the United States continuing throughout 1920. The
following suggestions are given for making celebrations tie up in every possible
way with the work of communities.
Libraries(Bibliography, Displays, etc.)
Community Music and Singing
[Suggestions in re First Assembly Celebration now being proposed.]
A clear understanding as to the difference between Pilgrims and Puritans
printed and placed where it can be read.
"The actual difference between the Pilgrims and the Puritans was that the
Pilgrims were Separatists and sought the New World in order to have freedom to
worship God according to the dictates of their consciences, while the Puritans
desired no separation from the church itself only from the abuses of the church,
and sought only to reform it. The Pilgrims were the first advocates of freedom
and conscience and believed in a free religion as an act of obedience to God only."
(From an address by Dr. Benj. Scott Chamberlain of the City
of London, in the Manor House at Screeby, England.)
(1). Pilgrim booksiielf of poetry, plays, pageants, recitations, music, ro-
mance, history, costumes and reference works relating to the Pilgrims. A tenta-
tive list of these is here suggested.
J Little Captive Lad by Beulah Marie Dix, published b}' Samuel French,
New York City.
A Little Pilgrim's Progress, a play by C. D. MacKay, published by
Samuel French, New York City.
A Nameless Noblemen by Jane G. Austin published by the Pilgrim Book
Shop, Plymouth, Mass.
J Rose o' Plymouth Tozvn, a play by Beulah Marie Dix and Evelyn Green-
leaf Sutherland may be obtained through Samuel French, New York City.
A Story of the Pilgrims by Roland Usher published by Macmillan Com-
pany, New York City.
Betty Alden by Jane G. Austin published by the Pilgrim Book Shop,
Finding the Mayflower, a play by Blanche Proctor Fisher, published by
Walter Baker & Company, Boston, Mass.
Founders of Our Country by F. E. Coe, containing the story of Miles
Standish, Captain of Plymouth, published by the American Book
Company, New York City.
Four American Indians by Whitney and Perry. This contains the story
of King Phillip and Massasoit and his two sons, published by the
American Book Company, New York City.
Indian Games -and Dances by Alice C. Fletcher published by C. C.
Birchard & Company, Boston, Mass.
Alary of Plymouth by James Otis, published by the American Book
Company, New York City.
Patriotic Plays and Pageants by C. D. Mackay contains a Pilgrim Play.
Pilgrim's Progress by John Bunyan (good for costumes).
School History by Hart published by the American Book Company, New
York City. Contains colored illustrations.
Standish of Standish by Jane G. Austin published by the Pilgrim Book
Store, Ph'mouth, Mass.
Standish of Standish, a play by Annie Russel Marble, published by
Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.. Mass.
Stories of American Life and Adventure by Edward Fggleston, containing
stories of women in Indian Wars, published by the American Book
Companj, New York City.
The Courtship of Miles Standish by Longfellow, published by Houghton
Mifflin Compan}-, Boston, Mass.
The Courtship of Miles Standish by Eugene Presby, a play, published by
Samuel French, New York City.
Tzvo Centuries of Costume in America by Alice Morse Earle.
(2). Decorations for the bookshelf. A long strip of white cardboard on
which is prettily labeled Ye Pilgrim Book Shelf. At top of this placard a Pilgrim
woman reading a book. At the foot of it a Pilgrim man reading a book.
(a) The following pictures can be ordered from the Perry Picture Com-
pany, Maiden, Mass., illustrating costumes of the Pilgrims. The pic-
tures are size 10x12, price seven cents each. No order is accepted for less
than five, and a money order must be sent with the letter.
1331 Embarkation of the Pilgrims by Wier
1332 Landing of the Pilgrims by Rothernel
1336 Pilgrim Exiles by Boughton
1337 John Alden and Priscilla by Boughton
1339 Pilgrims Going to Church by Boughton
(b) Pictures by Remington, Some pictures in strong color showing
scenes of Indian life are not only appropriate but in fine contrast to the
quite colored Pilgrim scenes. These scenes should not be of the plains.
Thej' should be scenes that might be in New England, such as an Indian
with a canoe; an Indian praying to the great spirit; an Indian hunting,
(c) Pilgrim scene with dolls. A half a dozen dolls, six or seven inches
high dressed like Pilgrims. One doll, a Pilgrim man, should be in the
stocks. The other dolls should be ranged against a little hillock which can
be made bj' covering some books with green canton flannel. The dolls
can stand against this.
(d) Posters. There may be posters specially designed by local artists,
showing special scenes from Pilgrim life.
(e) Models of tiny stages showing the settings for Pilgrim plays. A
Pilgrim interior, with brown walls, stone hearth and brown furniture is
PiLGRI.M AND InDIAN GaMES
How TO Play Stool Ball
I know not if my friend Hannah has seen the game of stoolball as it is played
in our village of Plymouth, because those among us who take part in it use no
sticks or bats, but strike the ball only with their hands. Of course we have no
real stools here as yet, because of the labor necessary to make them, when a block
of wood serves equally well on which to sit: but the lads who play the game take a
short piece of puncheon board, and, boring three holes in it, put therein sticks to
serve as legs.
These they place upon the ground behind them, and he who throws the ball
strives to hit the stool rather than the player, who is allowed only to use his hands
in warding it off. Whosoevers stool has been hit must himself take the ball,
throwing it, and continuing at such service until he succeeds in striking another's
Mary of Plymouth by James Otis,
American Book Company, Washington Square, N. Y.
Price 50 cents.
From Indian Games and Dances by Alice C. Fletcher
Published by C. C. Birchard & Co., Price 31-00
Properties: One double-ball; as many sticks as players, red and yellow head-
bands, equal in number, for the two sides of players.
Directions: — The double-ball should be made in the following manner: A
strip of leather or of strong, closely woven brown cloth from fifteen to twenty
inches long. For six inches from both ends the strip should be about seven
inches wide; the portion of the strip between these wide ends should be about three
inches wide. The wide ends are to form the pouches, and the narrower middle
section the band to connect the two pouches. The two edges of the strip should be
lapped and strongly sewed the entire length of the strip, except a small opening
about an inch long left on the side of each of the pouches. Through this opening
the pouches are filled with dry sand, then the edges are securely sewed together so-
that no sand can escape. These pouches are the "balls". The sides of the pouches
should be decorated with designs painted in bright colors and a little tuft or tassel
of red yarn fastened at the middle of the bottom of the pouch. The sticks should
be about thirty-two inches long, not too heavy and somewhat pointed at one end
that is slightly curved. Each stick should be marked by an individual device so-
that it can be claimed by its owner.
. Two wickets, made by crotched poles about five and a half to six feet high,
having a bar fastened across the top, are placed in line with each other, one at the
East, the other at the West, and as far apart as the limits of the grounds will per-
mit. A red streamer to be tied to the eastern wicket and a yellow streamer to
the western wicket.
The players are divided into two parties of equal numbers and lots should be
drawn to decide which side shall have the eastern goal, and all of that side must
wear red head-bands; the other side must wear yellow head-bands to show that
theirs is the western goal.
An umpire must be chosen, to whom belongs the duty of tossing the ball when
necessary; to keep the score, and to settle any disputes.
To make a point the ball must be tossed so as to hang on the crossbar of the
wicket. An agreement must be made as to how many points shall constitute the
The players stand in two rows about fifteen to twenty feet apart, one color on
one side, the other color opposite. The Umpire takes a place between the twa
lines and as near as possible to the middle of the rows. When all are in readiness
the double ball is tossed by the Umpire straight up into the air, and all those whose
places are near the middle of the rows watch the descent of the "ball" and try to
catch on their sticks the connecting cord of the double-ball. If one succeeds, she
trii.s to send it down the line toward the goal of her side; those of the opposite side
try to prevent success to this movement and to send the "ball" in the other
The "ball" should not be allowed to touch the ground from the time it is
tossed until it is lodged on the wicket. The side that lets the "ball" fall to the
ground loses a count, and the side that keeps the "ball" up until it reaches the
goal scores two points equal to four counts.
Follow My Leader
This game is widely played among the Indian tribes, particularly by the
boys, and also by the girls. The Leader improvises the steps and the move-
merits, which all who follow must repeat and keep time to the song. It has been
handed down from one generation of young folk to another — for how many,
Follow my leader where'er he goes;
What he'll do next, nodody knows.
A leader is chosen, and all who join in the game must go where he goes, dance
as he dances, move the arms, hands and feet as he does. The skipping and danc-
ing must be in exact time with the song that all must sing. The game gives op-
portunity for fancy steps, winding intricate figures, "cutting capers" and merry
A full list of music is appended to the list of drama.
The Pilgrims did not allow dancing; but Indian dances and ceremonials are
appropriate to the period. A full list of these is given with the list of drama.
A Story Teller in Pilgrim costume should visit libraries, schools, parks, play-
grounds, parish houses, etc. Excellent material for story telling will be found in
Mary of Plymouth by James Otis, published by the American Book Company,
Washington Square, New York City, price 44 cents. This is filled with excellent
short material. Recitations appropriate for Story Telling will be found in the
List of Drama, which includes pageants, plays, tableaux, recitations, dances,
ceremonials and music.
List of Plays, Pageants, Tableaux, Recitations, Ceremonials
and Music Suitable for the Celebration of the
O beautiful for Pilgrim feet.
Whose stern, impassioned stress
A thoroughfare for freedom beat
Across the wilderness!
God mend thine every flaw.
Confirm thy soul in self-control, ,
Thy liberty in law.
— From Katherine Lee Bates' America the Beautiful.
We sit here in the promised land
That flows with freedom's honey and milk,
But 'twas they won it, sword in hand.
Making the nettle danger for us soft as silk.
— From James Russell Lowell's Ode.
The Pilgrim Tercentenary will be celebrated during 1920 from one end of this
country to the other, and we are glad of the opportunity to set before you the
first list of drama material available on the subject. The Pilgrim Tercentenary
seeks to draw all the English speaking peoples together in one great celebration.
Thus what the Pilgrim stood for will be commemorated not only in the United
States but in Great Britain, Canada, and Australia drawing these late comrades-
in-arms into a closer union.
Through the plans mapped out by the Sulgrave Institution celebrations will
be held in England beginning May first and then in Leyden in Holland, and later
in the United States. There will be a second sailing of the Mayflower. Digni-
taries will embark from England following the route of the Pilgrim to Leyden and
from there to Provincetown, Massachusetts, where a celebration will be held in
August. Later Plymouth, Massachusetts, will hold its celebration. It is expected
that all large cities of the United States will celebrate, and all the smaller towns and
villages as well; for the Pilgrim represent not only the freedom to which this nation
is dedicate — religious, political; but they also represent the Pioneer Spirit, and
for this reason their Tercentenary is of interest to any part of this country that
had its pioneers. And what part of this country has not had them?
To join the Pilgrim Tercentenary celebration is a matter of patriotism. The
celebration will continue throughout the whole of 1920, with especial emphasis on
all national holidays, in particular on Thanksgiving. Thanksgiving Day 1920 will
be celebrated both b\' Great Britain and America.
Plays and Pageants for Adults
The Pilgrims. This pageant will be published in the April number of the
Woman's Home Companion which comes out March 15th. It can be produced
by cities, towns and villages, making it as elaborate or simple as desired. It re-
quires a cast of from l.SO to 500 men, women and children. If your newsdealer
will not order this number for you, address Mailing Department, Woman's
Home Companion, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York city, enclosing a post office or-
The Sulgrave Institution with headquarters in the Woolworth Building, New
York City is named after the ancient seat of the Washington family, Sulgrave
Manor, Northants, England. There will be a special celebration at this Manor
during the Pilgrims Tercentenary. John A. Stewart is Chairman of the New
York Board of Governors which includes amongst others Brand Whitlock, James
M. Beck, Charles W. Eliot. Advisory Council includes J. P. Morgan, Samuel
Gompers, Rev. William T. Manning, James Cardinal Gibbons, General John J.
Pershing, Major-General Leonard Wood, Franklin K. Lane and William Howard
Taft. Those on the English Committee include. Archbishop of Canterbury,
Viscount Bryce, Viscount Grey, David Lloyd George, Cardinal Bourne, and the
Lord Mayor of London.
der. This pageant deals with the early settlement of the Pilgrims at Plymouth,
where one of the Pilgrims, half dreaming over his book, sees a vision of America in
the future years. Through this vision all the great men and women of America
appear, thus making the pageant relate definitely to the whole country, north,
east, south and west. The pageant contains dialogues, pantomime, tableaux and
processional effects as well as symbolic dances, folk dances, etc. Full stage direc-
tions and practical suggestions for the costumes accompany the pageant text.
A Rose Plymouth Town, by Beulah Marie Dix and Evelyn Greenlea'
Sutherland, can be ordered from Samuel French, 28 West 38th Street, New York
City, price 50 cents. A play in four acts, 4 male and 4 female characters. Two
scene settings; one a Pilgrim interior, the other a wood in Plymouth; or can be
given in one interior scene if desired. Plays two hours. Has had professional
production and very wide use. A charming poetic and highly interesting play>
absolutely authentic. Filled with dramatic suspense. It tells the story of Rose
de La Noye, a Pilgrim of French descent, who plays havoc with the hearts of
Pilgrim men; and who comes near marrying the wrong man through a lover's mis-
understanding. The play is replete with picturesque situations, and has much
humor. Pilgrim costumes. There is a royalty often dollars for performances by
amateurs; but the play is well worth it. Full directions for costuming and staging.
Standish of Standish, by Annie Russell Marble, published by Houghten
Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts, at 31-00. A dramatization of Jane G.
Austin's novel of that name. The play is in three acts and six scenes, with one
interior used throughout. 5 female and 5 male characters. The play tells the
romance of Priscilla, John Alden and Miles Standish. There is a secondary love
story; and a good deal of interest is developed by the comedy character of Desire
Minter. The play is authentic, and the dialogue lifelike and full of quaint turns
of speech. Full descriptions of scene setting and action. No royalty.
The Courtship of Miles Statidish by Eugene W. Presbry. A play in one act
dramatizing the Longfellow story, published by Samuel French, 28 West 38th
Street, New York City at 25 cents. It has two male and two female characters.
The scene is a Pilgrim interior. Pilgrim costumes, easy to give. Plays 25 min-
utes. No royalty.
Plays and Pageants for Young People
In the Good Old Days by Norah Archibald Smith from Plays, Pantomimes and
Tableaux for Children, published by MofFat, Yard and Companj^ New York City,
price ?1.00 net. This is a one act play with four scenes, for which one interior
scene can be used throughout. It has prologues spoken by Father Time and his
Hour Glass. It might almost be called a short play in four acts for children.
2 girls and 5 boys. Ages run from 11 years to 15 years. Plays about an hour.
Concerns the adventures of two children of today who crawl through an ancient
fireplace into Yesterday, and find themselves in stern Pilgrim times. The pleas-
ures children have today compared to what they had then are interestingly and
amusingly shown. Excellent authentic dialogue and humorous situations. A
very fine play for children. No royalty.
J Li::lf PU^ritRs Pra^rfss by C- D. Mackay, published by Samael French, 26
West 5Sth Street, New York City, price 25 cents. One act play. Setting, a
Pflgrim interior. S boys, 4 firis, in ages ranging from 8 to 13 years. This is a
morahty play, after the icanner of Banyan's P-.lgrim's Progress. A little Pilgrim
at Dame Decision's Inn meets with False Pride, Honesty, Steadfastness, etc.
.■\uthentic dialogue. Xo royalty.
Tk^ First TksKksg::^:Kr DinKrr. by Marjorie Benton Cook. One act play.
Could be arranged so that it could be given indoors or outdoors; but preferably
indoors. 7 boys and 3 girls of 12 to 14 years of age. Plays 25 minutes. Can be
ordered from the Drama League Book Shop, 7 East 42nd Street, Xew York City,
price 15 cents. Xo royalty.
FzKczTiT fjif ilayficTir by Blanche Proctor Fisher, published by Walter H.
Baker i Company, 5 Hamilton Place, Boston, Mass., price 15 cents. A play in
one act. 7 girls or if the prologue is included 8 girls and 1 boy. Ages 8 to 14
years. Plays 25 minutes. Scene: interior of a Pilgrim home. The play concerns
the hunt for the first mayfiowers, and has a surprise ending. There is considerable
hnmor in the play. An excellent play for the cast of all girls. Xo royalty.
Tif Life q/ the Corn. An Indian drama in 5 dances with authendc Indian
music and choruses. Can be found in iKdian Games and Dances crith Xati^e
So'Kgs by Alice C. Fletcher, published by C. O. Birchard & Company, Boston,
Mass., price Sl.OO. This is a superb bit of Indian pantomime. This parricular
dance-drama is that of the Omaha tribe: but as the com dance and ceremonial
was used by all Xorth American Indians, it is adaptable for purposes of the
Tercentenary celebration. In the ethnological notes to LongfeUow's Hiazcs^ha
will be izi-iA a description of an ancient dance of the com as given by the Indian
tribes of the Eastern seaboard. The Life of tke Cor^ is simply a variant of this
dsr: re. It is rich in color and dramaric effects, with Indian and symbolic costumes
— -.: :h are indicated in the text. At least 50 young people can take part in it from
II t: 20 years of age. As many more as desired can parricipate. There must be
seven special "dance leaders" who are skilled in dandng and pantomime. There
shDuId be an accompanying chorus of a least 25 voices. Words, music and full
cesrn prion of each dance are given. This is essenrialiy a drama for outdoor pro-
duction- Xo royalty.
Tks Pilgrim Ir.terlmde from Patriotic Plays ar.d Pateants by C. D. Mackay,
: _:;--:!-r£ by Henni- Holt Company, 19 West 44th Street, Xew York City, price
51.35. This is an outdoor play in one act. Ten hoys and three girls ranging in
age from 8 to 14 years. Pflgrim and Indian costumes- The play contains an
Indian so!o dance. It relates the story of how Pridlla Mullins taught a little
Indian girl to spin. Dialogue and costumes authenric. Easy to produce. Xo
rrhese suggesrions for tableaux are taken from a celebrarion in Plymouth
found in the souvenir book of Mrs. Eager.)
The Pilgrims caprive in the market place in Boston, England.
The Pilgrims in Holland. At Leyden. Embarking &om Delft Haven.
The departure from Southampton, En^and. (Here the English Meny
Makers who were not Pilgrims had their Morris Dances.;
Indian Life; war dance; moon dance; Indian maidens.
The treaty with Massasoit.
A tea party of Ye CHde Tyme '1670).
To these may be added the Pilgrims Farewell; The Courtship of Miles Staa-
dish, the wedding of Prisdlla Mullins; the arrival of Sqaanto in Plymouth ctAonj.
The Perry pictures will be an aid in staging tableaux. Send for iUostrated
catalogue of Perry Picture Company, Maiden, Mass.
Tkg Landing of t)u PUgriwu by Felicia Hesaas to be found in any coOection
of her poems in most scho<d books.
Tki M^yf^oser by Alfred Xoyes, a superb poem which will appear iu the De-
lineator Magazine in May.
Portions of "Ok Piamers", by Wait Whitmaa to be iDuai ia mDSt Libraries.
Selections from the Courtship of ilil^s St^^disr. bv Longfelio «• to be found la
Jmsrica tks BeoTUifvl by Katherine Lee Bates is excellent for community
»nging and suitable for Pilgrims.
J Mighty Fjrirejs is Our Gyd. Martin Luriiers hymn.
Gc*:^ £.- Sozs tks Ssulf% JFirJsr. Pilgrim chant to be found on page 27 of
Patriotic Plays and Psgear^ by C. D. Maciay. This ran be sung to the t jne of
Other songs are an old marching song of the lowlands caDed Fortm-^s My Fos
Jfky Dosi Thou Fro^K Oi Mif There is an o'd time ring to O H%s% Tiss Mj
Bchif by Sullivan which makes it possible for this celebratioa.
Indian songs will be found in Indism Gsmes s'.d Ds^cfs mitk Xa^ire SoKgs by
.■Mice Fletcher, published by C. C. Birchard i Company. Boston, Mass., for Sl-00.
For instrumental music see A'-tr Erils'-.S I£yZs by Edward MacDowefl, price
SI. 55. JFoo^a^Kd Shftcki-s fro9i an I^di^z Lz-^^i by Edward MacDr-^eil, pHce
SI. 25, both published by G. Schirmer, 2 East -r5rd Street, Xew York City.
Books ox Costtmes
Tspo CttiiurUs of Costw^.f i'. A'rfiss by Alice Morse Earle.
CojtuK^s aw.d Scf^sry by C. D. MacKay.
Eggleston's Hiszcry cf th^ Ur.iz^d S:a:ss.
School Hiszory bv Hart, published by the .\meiican Book Company Washing-
ton Square, New York City, gives good plates in color.
Mary of Plymouth by James Otis, published by the American Book Com-
pany, Washington Square, New York City, at 44 cents gives splendid illustrations
of Pilgrims and Indian properties, costumes and interiors and exteriors.
Any well illustrated Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress.
Materials for Pilgrims costumes will be found in cotton cambric, unglazed;
canton flannel; and cotton rep. It is a mistake to think as some people do, that
the Pilgrims always wore black. They wore black, but also dark green, blue,
gray, gray-green, and warm shades of maroon and bronze-brown. All Pilgrim
women wore caps and their hair tucked up under them. Pilgrim girls wore their
hair tucked under caps also. Pilgrim men and boys wore their hair "boxed".
From the Dennison Tissue Paper Company in any city where there is a branch
of it, red brick paper at 25 cents a roll can be obtamed. This is excellent for Pil-
grim fireplaces of a late date, 1635 and on. For earlier date there is gray stone
paper for chimney places which can be bulked over rolled up newspapers to look
just like a stone hearth. 25 cents a roll, 3 yards to the roll. Address Dennison
Paper Company, 5th Avenue, and 27th Street, New York City.
OFFERS OF SUPPORT
The Board of Governors of Sulgrave desires to acknowledge
with thanks the offers of cooperation which have come from the
Foreign Press Service, Community Motion Picture Bureau, Peat
Canadian Lyceum Bureau and War Camp Community Service.
DANIEL WEBSTER ON THE PILGRIMS
From an address delivered one hundred years ago, for
the people of today.
"If the blessings of our political and social condition have not
been too highly estimated, we can not well over rate the respon-
sibility and duty which they impose upon us. We hold these in-
stitutions of government, religion and learning, to be transmitted
as well as enjoyed. We are in the line of conveyance, through
which whatever has been obtained by the spirit and effects of our
ancestors, is to be communicated to our children.
"I would invoke those who fill the seats of justice, and all who
minister at her altar, that they execute the wholesome and neces-
sary severity of the law.
"We are bound, not only to maintain the general principles of
public liberty, but to support also those existing forms of govern-
ment which have so well secured its enjoyment, and so highly
promoted the public prosperity.
"The hours of this day are rapidly flying, andthis occasion will
soon be passed. Neither we nor our children can expect to behold
its return. They are in the distant regions of futurity, they exist
only in the all-creating power of God, who shall stand here a hun-
dred years hence to trace, through us, their descent from the
Pilgrims, and to survey, as we have now surveyed, the progress
of their country, during the laspe of a century. We would antici-
pate their concurrence with us in our sentiments of deep regard for
our common ancestors. We would anticipate and partake the
pleasure with which they will then recount the steps of American
advancement. On the morning of that day, although it will not
disturb us in our repose, the voice of acclamation and gratitude,
commencing on the Rock of Plymouth, shall be transmitted
through millions of the sons of the Pilgrims, till it lose itself in the
murmurs of the Pacific Seas.
"We would leave for the consideration of those who shall then
occupy our places, some proof that we hold the blessings trans-
mitted from our Fathers in just estimation; some proof of our
attachment to the cause of good government, and of civil and
religious liberty; some proof of a sincere and ardent desire to
promote everything which may enlarge the understandings, and
improve the hearts of men. And when, from the longdistance of
100 years, they shall look upon us, they shall know, at least,
that we possessed affections, which, running backward and warm-
ing with gratitude for what our ancestors have done for our
happiness, run forward also to our posterity, and meet them with
cordial salutation, ere yet they have arrived on the shore of being.
"Advance, then, ye future generations! We would hail you,
as you rise in your long succession, to fill the places which we
now fill, and to taste the blessings of existence where we are
passing, and soon shall have passed, our own human duration. We
bid you welcome to this pleasant land of the Fathers. We greet
your accession to the great inheritance we have enjoyed. We
welcome you to the blessings of good government and religious
liberty. We welcome you to the treasures of science and the
delights of learning. We welcome you to the transcendent sweets
of domestic life, to the happiness of kindred, and parents, and
children. We welcome you to the immeasurable blessings of
rational existence, the immortal hope of Christianity, and the
light of everlasting truth!"
PROVINCETOWN AND THE PILGRIMS.
A Provincetown Tercentenary Committee was formed on
September 5th, 1919, for the purpose"of establishing a permanent
memorial of the 300th anniversary in 1920, of the first landing
of the Pilgrims here, and their life here and in the neighbor-
hood, and of the founding of the Nation in our Harbor".
The Committee is composed of the Selectmen, the Special
Town Committee, and delegates from all the town organizations,
and from the neighboring towns on Cape Cod,
President —William H. Young.
Vice-Presidents — Charles W. Hawthorne, Judge Walter Welsh, William B.
Lawrence, Richard Miller.
Treasurer — Edwin N. Paine.
Executive Secretary — Charles N. Rogers, Selectman.
Recording Secretary — Mrs. Henry Mottet.
Assistant Secretary — Myrick C. Atwood.
Captain John A. Cook.
John A. Matheson.
Wilbur D. Steele.
Special Congressional and State Committee to confer regarding appro-
priations — Wil'iam H. Young, Charles N. Rogers, Jerome S. Smith, William B.
Lawrence, Thomas C. Thacher.
On December 13th a special committee was appointed as an
addition to the Sulgrave Institution Committee to celebrate the
Tercentenary, with Artemas P. Hannam as chairman.
INSCRIPTION ON THE PILGRIM MEMORIAL MONUMENT.
On November 21, 1620, the Mayflower, carrying 102 pass-
engers, men and women and children, cast anchor in this harbor
61 days from Plymouth, England.
The same day the 41 adult males in the company had solemn-
ly covenanted and combined themselves together into a "civill
This body politick, established and maintained on this bleak
and barren edge of a vast wilderness, a state without a king or a
noble, a church without a bishop or a priest, a democratic com-
monwealth, the members of which were straitly tied to all care of
each other's good, and of the whole by every one.
With long-suffering devotion and sober resolution they illus-
trated for the first time in history the principles of civil and re-
ligious liberty and the practice of a genuine democracy.
THEREFORE — the remembrance of them shall be per-
petual in the vast republic that has inherited their ideals.
—Charles W. Eliot.
AMERICAN BEGINNINGS AT JAMESTOWN AND
Three centuries ago — on the 30th day of July, 1619 — there
convened at "James City" in Virginia, the "Governor, Counsell of
Estate and two Burgesses elected out of each Incorporation and
Plantation," constituting the "General Assembly" — the first
legislative body to meet on the soil of America.
After invoking the blessing of Almighy God, that He should
"guyde and sanctifie" the proceedings, the speaker of this mother
of American Parliaments, after having twice read the "greate
charter" of "Virginia Britannia.?" divided into "fower books,"
for the sake of expediency did refer the "aforesaide" to the
"perusall" of "twoe comitties," which did reciprocally consider
of either, and accordingly brought in their opinions.
"But some men may here object," writes John Twine, first
clerk of this first American Legislative Assembly, "to what ende
we should presume to referre that to the examination of the
comitties which the Counsell and Company in England have
already resolved to be perfect, and did expecte nothing of our
assente thereunto? To this we answere that we did it not to the
ende to correcte or controll anything therein contained, but only
in case we should finde ought not perfectly squaring with the state
of this colonie, or in lawe which did presse or binde two harde."
Thus sturdily speaks this first paragon of legislators, setting
an example for those who should come after him and laying
down a precedent for parliament of all times and all lands.
One year, four months and twelve days later — November 11,
1620 — in the cabin of a tiny bark lying off the Massachusetts
coast, a little band of liberty-loving men, also from "Britannia",
entered into a compact: —
'Tn ye name of God, Amen. Doe by these presents solemnly
and mutually, in ye presence of God and one of another, covenant
and combine ourselves togeather into a Civill body politick for
our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of ye ends
aforesaide and By Vertue Hearof to enacte, constitute and frame
such just and equall lawes, ordnances. Acts, constitutions and
offices from time to time as shall be thought most meete and con-
venient for ye generall good of ye colonie. Unto which we
promise a due submission and obdience."
These two historic events marked the beginnings of that
experimentation in self-government which, after a century and a
half, was to find final expression in that modern democratic
Magna Charta — that Instrument which "we, the people of the
United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, Establish
Justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common
defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the blessings of
Liberty to ourselves and our posterity did ordain and establish"'
as "the Constitution for the United States of America."
CONGREGATIONALISTS AND THE PILGRIM
Congregationalists the world over look upon themselves as
the direct descendants spiritually of the Pilgrims who landed at
Plymouth Rock three hundred years ago next December. Already
for four years they have been carrying out a Tercentenary Pro-
gram of study, evangelism, recruiting for service, increased mission-
ary giving and the raising of a special memorial fund. They,
therefore, come to the Tercentenary Year with quickened interest
and forward looking plans.
Their principal contribution to the Tercentenary celebration
will take the form of an International Congregational Council to
be held in Boston, Mass., from June 29 to July 6, the eight days
sessions to be packed full of stirring events.
The Council will be composed of four hundred voting members
chosen by the several national Congregational organizations, 150
of them from the United States, 150 from the British Isles and 100
from other countries in which there are Congregational churches.
In addition to these voting members of the Council, every
Congregational church in the world, of which there are over 12,000,
has been invited to send a delegate or delegates who will be seated
as corresponding members with all the privileges of members
except that of voting. It is expected that there will be several
thousand of these delegates from churches present.
In preparation for the Council meeting ten commissions repre-
senting the United States and Canada, and ten representing Great
Britain, Australia and South Africa are formulating reports on
great themes connected with Congregational history and influence.
These reports are not to be read at the Council, but will be printed
and mailed to all delegrates chosen before May 1. It is expected
that most of the addresses and discussions at the Council will be
related to the themes treated in the commission reports.
On Sunday, July 4, it is planned to hold mass meetings which
will be addressed by men of international reputation on the larger
aspects of world brotherhood.
There will, of course, be special excursions with appropriate
exercises to the places famous In Pilgrim history, such as Provlnce-
town, Plymouth, etc. These excursions will be a most interesting
and important part of the celebration.
It is also hoped to have an exhibit illustrative of Pilgrim life
and Congregational history that will be worthy of the occasion,
and which will attract the attention of multitudes who have known
little of the significance of our early history.
Clifford H. Smith.
SULGRAVE FINANCIAL STATEMENT
Statement of Cash Receipts and Disbursements for the Period
June 1, 1918, to June 1, 1919
Balance June 1, 1918 3 5,100.06
Total Cash Receipts 4,679.50
Total 3 9,779 . 56
Salaries, stenographers and clerks $ 3,700.01
Account, financial manager, 594.92
Office expenses, including traveling, etc 1,489.99
Telegraph and telephone 152.65
Stationery and Printing 1,445 . 84
Postage 293 . 19
Rent 392 . 15
Miscellaneous expenses 779 . 84
Total disbursements $ 9,281 .65
Balance June 1, 1919, on deposit with J. P. Morgan & Co 3 497.91
(Signed), Joseph G. Butler, Jr., Treasurer.
Parley Morse & Company,
Certified Public Accountants,
61 Broadway, New York.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT PRINCE OF WALES DINNER
Total Receipts 3 11,563.91
Total Disbursements 11,256.65
Unexpended Balance on hand 3 307.27
Statement January 1, 1919 — January 1, 1920
Cash Receipts: —
Founders 3 26,000 00
Life Memberships 1,250.00
Ten Year Memberships
Memberships 382 . 50
Total Cash Receipts 3 43,639 . 50
Salaries, clerical work 6,150.85
Postage 471 . 20
Telephone and telegraph 535 .90
Office expense 1,400 . 89
Stationery and printing 2,625 . 83
Furniture and fixtures 104.75
Books and clippings 34.45
Newspaper publicity 71 .25
Traveling expense 1,103 . 58
Luncheons 771 . 27
Miscellaneous expenses 214. 28
Lawyers Club 221 . 74
Total Disbursements 314,198.96
Excess of Receipts over Disbursements 29,440. 54
Balance, December 31, 1918 401.54
Cash Balance, December 31, 1919 3 29,842.08
NOTE. — The Sulgrave Institution pays no salary and gives no honorarium to
any of its members; the Chairman and other officers serve without remuneration
and salaries are paid only to the office force and to a financial secretary and
SULGRAVE'S PROSPECTIVE FOUNDATION ENDOWMENTS
The following items relate to the general plan and purpose of The Sulgrave
Institution in reference of the erection of foundation endowments to enable it to
carry out some of the purposes for which it was organized. Several of these items
are in prospect of consummation; but generally speaking, the Institution makes
appeal to its supporters everywhere for contributions big and little for any of the
1. To meet cost of bust of George Washington, including memorial
bronze base, etc., transportation, unveiling, etc., St. Paul's
Cathedral, London, England $ 5,000 00
2. To meet cost of bust of George Washington, including memorial
bronze base, etc., transportation, unveiling, etc., Liverpool 5,000.00
3. Bust of George Washington for Sulgrave Manor, ancestral home
of George Washington, Northamptonshire, England 1,500.00
4. Bust of George Washington for Bristol 1 ,500 . 00
5. 12 British and French Scholarships, New York State Agricultural
School and the High School at Morrisville, Madison County,
N. Y., — Money already provided for 6 scholarships — annuajly. . . 8,400.00
6. 3 Scholarships, Colgate University, annually 3,600.00
7. 6 Scholarships, 3 for men and 3 for women, Alfred University,
8. 34 Scholarships for Cambridge University England, 2 for each
College of the University, each annually •. 1,500.00
■9. For Tercentenary celebration, to carry out educational plan and
public celebrations, minimum of 250,000.00
Note: — Sulgrave's plans include a general educational program in re free insti-
tutions of the English-speaking world, with particular reference to develop-
ment of same, beginning with Mayflower Compact and meeting of first
American Legislative Assembly, Jamestown, Va., July 30, 1619.
Item. Endowment fund for Sulgrave Institution, including annual
budget, purchase and maintenance of a house as permanent
headquarters, as well as to found a popular Chair to be
known as "The Sulgrave Institution Lectureship", income
from $ 500,000.
Item. For publication first four numbers of Sulgrave Quarterly
Review 3 10,000.
Note: — It is the expectation of the Institution to make the Review self-sup-
porting after the first year.
Item. General Lectureship Bureau, to include exchange of educa-
tors; use of moving pictures, stereopticon, educational mono-
graphs and other educational publications — income from. .31,000,000.00
Item. Exchange of scholars of secondary schools — i. e., American
boys and girls to England, Canada and elsewhere and boys
and girls from various parts of the British Empire to
American high schools, etc., — income from 31,000,00.00 or more
Item. Exchange of working newspaper men chosen by internation-
al committees of editors, under which plan a number of
American newspaper men will be invited to take up a five
years residence in various parts of the British Empire, or
elsehwcre in the world, for purpose of study; and, conversely,
an equal number of newspaper men from various parts of
the British Empire and elsewhere, to take up a five years resi-
dence in the United States, the ultimate purpose being to
educate and enlighten a corps of highly trained specialists
in interpreting the life, spirit, genius, etc., etc., of the re-
spective peoples of the English-speaking nations the one to
the other. To carry out this plan will require an annual
expense for each person of between 38,000. and 310,000.
This would necessitate, in order to make the work effective,
the income from an endowment of 32,500,000. up.
At a meeting of the Sulgrave Board held January 9th at the Lawyers Club the
following resoK. ion was suggested by the Chair, offered and unanimously ap-
Resolved, That a committee to consist of Theodore E. Burton, Charles E.
Hughes, Alton B. Parker, James M. Beck, Edward W. Hatch and Charles
Stewart Davidson be created with authority to draft a trusteeship to
rec(-ive, invest and manage the expenditure of funds contributed for foun-
dations, or for other special purposes, and to distribute the incomes re-
ceived therefrom for the purposes for which they are intended to be
used and under the direction of the Board of Governors.
Andrew B. Humphrey,
Secretary, The Sulgrave Institution.
Attention is respectfully called to the following Treasury
Office of Commissioner of Internal Revenue
The Sulgrave Institution,
Suite 3903, Woolworth Building,
New York, N. Y.
Reference is made to your letter of July 14, 1919, with which you enclosed a
-copy of the Certificate of Incorporation of The Sulgrave Institution and asked
to be advised whether contributions made thereto may be deducted in calculating
the donor's net income subject to the income tax.
In reply you are advised that from a review of the purposes for which The
Sulgrave Institution was formed, as set forth in the Certificate of Incorporation,
whch appear to be of an educational character, this office is of the opinion that
contributions made thereto may be deducted in calculating the donor's net in-
•come for income tax purposes, to the extent provided in paragraph 11, Section
214 (a) of the Revenue Act of 1918.
(Signed) Daniel C. Roper,
Perley Morse & Company
Certified Public Accountants
61 Broadway, New York
September 30, 1919.
The Sulgrave Institution,
New York, N. Y.
Referring to the letter of September 18, 1919, addressed to you and signed
by Hon. Daniel C. Roper, Commissioner of Internal Revenue, in which it is ruled
that your Institution is of an educational character, it is our opinion that con-
tributions to the Institution are of the character which may be deducted by an
individual to the extent of not more than fifteen per cent. (15%) of his net income
in arriving at the amount of his income which is subject to the Federal Income
Tax. This is in accordance with Paragraph 11, Section 214 (a) of the Revenue
Act of 1918. The following is an illustration:
Contributions allowed to
Net Income. be deducted (15 So
of Net Income).
(Signed) Perley Morse & Co.,
Certifii-d Public Jccountatils.
WHAT THE SULGRAVE MOVEMENT FOR FRIENDSHIP
Generally speaking, the work of the Centenary Committee
and of the Sulgrave Institution, its successor, has been distinctly
productive of a betterment of feeling between Americans and their
kin of the British Commonwealth and of a decidedly better un-
derstanding of one another on the part of those who are associated
in the Sulgrave movement throughout the world and of those with
whom this movement has come into contact.
Specifically, apart from a number of international confer-
ences, held to further American-British friendship, in New York,
Boston, Montreal, Ottawa, and cities of the Canadian West,
Buffalo, Niagara Falls, Philadelphia, Richmond, New Orleans,
St. Augustine, St. Louis, Detroit, Cleveland, Chicago, St. Paul,
San Francisco, Portland, Seattle, and in numerous other cities
and towns, that part of the Centenary Celebration which was held
despite the war brought together hundreds of thousands of
people, inspired the American and British press to treat the sub-
ject with liberal publicity, which brought literally before millions
of people at ceremonies in churches and in convocations elsewhere
the criminal folly of permitting those whose motives were against
the world's best interests to drive a w^edge of hatred between the
Republic and the Commonwealth.
Beginning with Pax Britannica, author Harry S. Perris of
London, the Sulgrave American-British friendship movement
produced among others the following serious and interesting works
on the meaning of the American-British friendship, etc., etc.
The British Empire and the United States — Official Cen-
tenary History by Prof. Dunning of Columbia University,
with foreword by Nicholas Murray Butler.
Annals of the War of 1S12 — Prof. Harper of Quebec.
History of Anglo-American Relations by Henry Cabot
Lodge, written for The Outlook, through the inspiration of
the late William B. Howland, Chairman Committee of
Biography of Albert Gallatin, relating particularly to his
work in negotiating the Ghent Treaty.
America One Hundred Years Ago. Gaillard Hunt.
Book of Anglo-American Friendship and Good-Will, London,
These and many other volumes were published, besides
numerous review articles, pamphlets, etc., etc.
In 1914, despite the war, great celebrations were held in
Put In Bay, Lake Erie and at Plattsburgh, where, in each event,
the bones of American and British sailors and soldiers were placed
together under one inspiring monument; memorial tablets were
erected in Wilmington, St. Louis, Seattle and in other places;
and in several instances highways were built between the Lnited
States and Canada in commemoration of the event.
Sulgrave Manor was purchased by a group of British friends
of America, and with American and British money the Manor
property is being rehabilitated and embellished to make it
permanently a pleasant and significant place of pilgrimage for
all who revere the name of Washington and regard friendship
among English-Speaking peoples as absolutely essential to the
world's peaceful progress.
In return for this great gift of Sulgrave, public spirited
Americans, among these conspicuously Mr. and Mrs. Charles
Phelps Taft, have given a Barnard statue of Lincoln to the City
of Manchester, and in the name of American friendship; and,
as announced b}^ the British Committee, Dr. Nicholas Murray
Butler, Mr. Elihu Root, Mr. Robert Lincoln and others have
given a replica of the St. Gaudens statue, now in Lincoln Park,
Chicago, to the City of London, which statue will be erected on
the Canning enclosure, opposite Westminster Abbey, a site chosen
for this statue nearly six years ago by representatives of the
American Peace Centenary Celebration Committee, then in
A medal in bronze, silver and gold was struck off in celebra-
tion of the Century of Peace, one of which medals was presented
to the King of England and another to the President of the
The Sulgrave Institution is about to publish a pamphlet on
the subject of the Tercentenary containing full details. At the
request of the Institution Thomas Cook & Son, 245 Broadway,
New York, have prepared an itinerary for those Americans
who desire to visit Great Britain next year in connection with
the Tercentenary celebration, which will be supplemented by
the itinerary of a trip to Holland at the time of the Nether-
lands celebration. The cost of this tour will be in the neigh-
borhood of ^1,300.
BARNARD'S LINCOLN GIVEN TO MANCHESTER BY
MR. AND MRS. TAFT THROUGH SULGRAVE
In 1913, during the visit to the United States of a delegation
of members of the One Hundred Years of Peace Celebration Com-
mittees from England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, Australia, Cana-
da and New Foundland, who were guests of the American Cen-
tenary Celebration Committee, a desire was expressed on the part
of the English delegates that the proposed gift by the American
Committee to the people of Great Britain and Ireland of a statue
of Lincoln should take the form of a replica of the famous St.
Gaudens statue in Chicago. The American Committee accepted
this suggestion and in formal resolution; but the early advent of the
war brought to naught three separate efforts that were made to
raise money to purchase and set up in London a replica of the
St. Gaudens and at a cost of about 340,000 to 350,000. Finally,
subsequent to the failure of the third attempt to raise a fund for the
St. Gaudens replica, the suggestion was made to Mr. and Mrs.
Charles Phelps Taft that the cause of American-British friendship
could be well subserved if they were generously to give to the people
of Great Britain, through The Sulgrave Institution, a replica of
George Gray Barnard's famous conception of Abraham Lincoln
erected in Cincinnati as a gift to that city by Mr. and Mrs. Taft.
Mr. and Mrs. Taft at once responded that it would gratify them
deeply to make this gift; and Mr. Barnard fell in equally heartily
with the proposal.
It was decided at this time, early in 1917, to make this gift
at once, because of the underlying sentiment attached to the
matter, which would tend to strengthen the tie of friendship
between the two nations, and help to bring to naught the subtle
effort then making to foster enmity between these two English-
speaking nations. A special committee, through Sulgrave, was
organized as sponsors for the gift, with the President of the
United States, Woodrow Wilson, as the Honorary Head, and
with former Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard
Taft, Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo, Secretary of the Navy
Daniels, Secretary of the Interior Lane, Secretary of War
Baker, Postmaster General Burleson, Herbert Hoover and
Cardinal Gibbons, conspicuous in membership.
Owing to lack of cargo space, however, the shipment of the
statue was delayed until February, 1919, when it was freighted
to Manchester, to be erected in that city whose citizens were be-
loved by Abraham Lincoln as a testimonial of good-will and fair
understanding. The presentation was made at a public meeting
in the town Hall, presided over by the Lord Mayor of Manchester,
the presentation speech being made by John A. Stewart, Chair-
man of the Board of Governors of The Sulgrave Institution
and Chairman of the Executive of the Lincoln Presentation
Committee, and accepted on behalf of the municipality by the
Lord Mayor and the Board of Alderman of the city. The matter
of the selection of a site was left to Mr. Stewart as arbiter among
five different opinions; and he finally chose an oval in Piatt's
Field, the great playground of the city, with the understanding
that after Manchester had built her great art gallery and municipal
building in the very center of that mighty town, the statue should
be moved from Piatt's Field and placed at a point selected in front
of the municipal building.
At a meeting of The Sulgrave Institution held in New York
in May, after Mr. Stewart's return from England, Judge Alton
B. Parker, Chancellor of the Institution, accepted an invitation
to go to England to deliver the oration upon the occasion of the
unveiling of the statue in September.
MR. PERRIS'S REPORT OF THE UNVEILING OF THE
I have just returned from Euston Station after bidding goodbye to Judge
Parker, and I am sending this note by my brother, George Herbert Perris, so that
you may get it immediately on arrival of the 'Baltic' and have the earliest in-
formation^of the great success of Judge Parker's visit.
Judge Parker arrived at Liverpool on Monday, September S, and was met at
our request by the acting American Consul — who conveyed to him on behalf of
the Lord Mayor and other Liverpool gentlemen an invitation to visit the City if
possible during his stay. He came on to London the next day, Tuesday the 9,
where I met him. On Wednesday the 10, I arranged for him an interview with a
body of reporters at our office and he gave out an interview which appeared widely
in our papers. On Thursday the 11, the Judge went out to Brasted Chart in Kent
and lunched and spent the afternoon with Lord Weardale, at his country place
Weardale Manor. On Friday the 12, he spent the afternoon as the guest of Mr.
Henry Vivian in viewing the Hampstead Garden Suburb, and at night dined with
the American Ambassador, and met Viscount Grey, the newly-appointed Special
Ambassador to the United States. On Saturday the 13, he and L along with
Stephen Reid, the artist, visited Sulgrave Manor where the Judge formally handed
over to me the cheque for 32,000 sent bjr the Colonial Dames, — an acknowledgment
of which I have sent to the Treasurer, Mrs. Cassatt. On Sunday the 14, the Judge
along with a little party, including Mr. Harold Howland, Professor Sir Sidney
Lee, the Countess of Sandwich, Colonel Chapman Huston and myself went to
Manchester to take part in the ceremonies on September 15 and 16 in connection
with the unveiling of the Barnard Statue of Lincoln.
On arrival at Manchester we were met by the Lord Mayor wearing his chain
of office, the Lady Mayoress, and a number of members of the Corporation. (I
should have said above that the American Ambassador, also joined our party in
London and went with us to Manchester). The Judge and the Ambassador
were then driven by the Lord Mayor to the Town Hall where they remained his
guests during our two days visit. The rest of us were taken to the Midland Hotel,
where rooms and hospitality were provided for us as the guests of the Manchester
Corporation. The following is a very brief summary of the tremendous time we
had in Manchester on Monday and Tuesday last, the 15h and 16th instant.
Monday, 15th. At 9:45 A. M. the Lord Mayor with the Town Hall Party
called for us and we made a visit to the famous and beautiful Rylands Library,
where the Curators showed us the chief of their great Literary treasures, belong-
ing to the former Spencer and other famous collections. These included unique
copies of some of the earliest printed books, and many other most interesting docu-
ments and volumes. The magnificent building and its contents were greatly
admired by us all. From the Rylands Library we went on to visit Chetham's
Hospital and Library, with the exception of the Cathedral, the most historic
building in Manchester. We were shown all over this wonderful old building by
the Governors, heard the little boys in their quaint mediaeval costume render some
lovely songs, and were all much moved when they gave us a perfect rendering of
the "Batt'e Hymn of the Republic." The Judge and Ambassador were photo-
graphed talking to the little boys, and you will see a view of this in the next day's
issue of the Manchester Guardian, one or two copies I am sending you herewith,
(with others to follow for distribution) and which contains the best report of the
proceedings. At one o'clock we were the guests at Luncheon of the Lord Mayor
at the Town Hall and the Ambassador made an eloquent speech in response to the
toast of "Anglo American Friendship; the foundation of the world's peace",
whilst Judge Parker responded most admirably to the toast of "the health of Mr.
and Mrs. Charles Phelps Taft, donors of the Barnard Statue to the City of Man-
chester." The Luncheon over, we all entered carriages at the Town Hall, the
Judge and Ambassador being in the first carriage with the Lord Mayor and Lady
Mayoress; with an escort of mounted police and in company with the leading
members of the Corporation, and many other leading citizens of Manchester, we
drove for 25 minutes through the City to Piatt Fields Park, where the Statue was
to be unveiled. A large crowd had assembled there and we were favoured with
the most beautiful sunny weather I ever remember in Manchester. After prayer
bjr the Dean the Lord Mayor called upon Judge Parker to give his Address, which
he read in a splendid loud voice which carried well through the assembly. At the
close of the Address the I ord Mayor unveiled the Statue which was greatly ad-
mired and which contained on its base the inscription agreed upon and of which
I will in due course send you a photo. We then returned in procession to the
Town Hall and after a short rest dressed and had dinner with the Lord Mayor and
members of the Corporation. Afterwards the Lord Mayor and Lady Mayoress
gave a great reception at the Town Hall which was attended by over 1,000 people
including ail the leading people of Mancheter, representing every branch of public
activity. Thus ended a most busy, successful and memorable day.
Tuesday, September 16. In the morning we were the guests of the Chair-
man and Directors of the Ship Canal Company, and under their guidance were
driven to the Ship Canal down which we sailed for some distance and visited the
splendid docks — inspected warehouses, locks, etc., etc. This wonderful enter-
prise was fully explained to us and all the business people were delighted to have
Judge Parker in their midst and show him what Manchester commerical enter-
prise had done, and was capable of. We then returned to the Midland Hotel
where a Luncheon was given to us by the Directors of the Ship Canal Company,
— in the same room where President Wilson was recently entertained. Here
again the Judge gave a most charming address which was listened to with great
delight by the large company which included the Bishop, the Vice Chancellor
of the University, the Lord Mayor, and many other distinguished citizens. After
this we went to the Chamber of Commerce, where before a crowded audience
Judge Parker gave a farewell address under the title of "England and America
after the War.'' The Judge got a splendid hold on his hearers, who included most
of the leading commercial men of Manchester. They cheered him loudly and all
expressed the wish that he might soon come to Manchester again.
After this we returned to London and this morning, to our great regret, we
have had to bid farewell to Judge Parker on his return home.
The above is but an outline and bald account of a crowded two days series of
ceremonies in Manchester which were more successful and brilliant than anything
of the kind I can remember in this country. The Judge made a splendid figure
throughout and entirely won the hearts of the Manchester people. Mr. and Mrs.
Taft and George Grey Barnard may be satisfied to know that their wonderful
statue was unveiled in the great city of Manchester under the most splendid
auspices, and with every possible success. The account in the Manchester Guar-
dian which I send you will show you how deeply this splendid gift has been
Our only regret has been that the Judge came here whdeso many of our lead-
ing people were out of London and that his stay was of necessity so deplorably
short. We had letters from the Prime Minister, the Lord Mayor, Earl Reading,
and a number of other prominent people, all of whom wanted to see Judge Parker.
The American Luncheon Club wanted to give him a Luncheon in London and I
had arranged a round of visits for him to Sheffield, Bristol, Birmingham, South-
ampton and Plymouth, at all of which he would have had a fine reception. For
this we must wait for another visit which I hope will be a longer one, but my duty
and pleasure is to assure you that Judge Parker's visit has been a tremendous
success, his personality has charmed everybody and his commg amongst us to
visit Sulgrave Manor, and to attend the unveiling in Manchester has been of
great assistance to our common cause here in England. We are deeply grateful
to him for making the visit.
Harry S. Perris
Sept. 15, 1919.
JUDGE PARKER'S ADDRESS
Ten years ago there was organized in the United States "The American Com-
mittee for the Celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of Peace among
It had for its Honorary Chairman, Theodore Roosevelt; for its Honorary
Vice-Chairmen, among others, Joseph H. Choate, Elihu Root, William Jennings
Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson. Its Chairman was Andrew Carnegie. John A.
Stewart was the Executive Chairman. It purposed to celebrate the One Hun-
dredth Anniversary of the Treaty of Ghent, and the fact that under it for a cen-
tury the longest international boundary in the world, extending from the Atlantic
to the Pacific, with 3840 miles of opportunity for trouble, had neither been watched
nor guarded by fort, gun-boat, soldier or policeman. Some of the opportunities
for trouble were of such magnitude as would have led to war between nations not
possessed of a longing as were your nation and ours, to settle national differences
like those of individuals, through peaceful methods. Among the chances for
1. The Northeastern Boundary.
2. The boundary at Passamaquoddy Bay.
3. The boundary along the Great Lakes.
4. The liability to pay for slaves.
5. The Northwestern boundary in the Columbia River vicinity, the
United States contending for the line denominated fifty-four forty.
6. The claims of Hudson Bay Company and Puget's Sound Agri-
7. The St. Albans Raid Claims.
8. The claims for American fishing in Canadian waters.
9. The boundary at Vancouver Island.
10. The Behring Sea Seal Fishing.
11. The Alaska Boundary; and
12. The rights of American fishermen off the North Atlantic coast
and in the St. Lawrence River.
Each of these disputes has been amicably settled. None, however serious,
has left any rancor in its wake to prejudice a settlement of later disputes.
It was thought of the men who organized the American Committee and be-
came prominent in its workings, that a suitable celebration of such an event should
begin in Ghent, where the Treaty was signed, and on its One Hundredth Anni-
versary prominent public men of both nations and Canada should participate.
That this should be followed by celebrations in England and along and throughout
the boundary line between Canada and the United States. Such celebrations it
was fondly believed would not only strengthen the friendly relations which, had
been slowly but firmly building between our countries, but would also focus the
attention of the people of the whole world upon the demonstrated fact that
nations can, if they will, settle their differences, either through diplomacy or ar-
bitration. A policy strongly favored by both of our countries.
But the leading purpose was, of course, to bring the two great English-
speaking nations into such strong fellowship that they should ever continue to
settle their difficulties by peaceful methods, as in the century past. The Com-
mittee was no more unmindful than you, that the Declaration of Independence,
followed by a number of years of fighting between the Sons of England and the
descendants of the Sons of England, brought about a considerable measure of
friction between the kindred on opposite sides of the Atlantic. For kindred they
were. 91 per cent of the population in the thirteen states at the beginning of the
Revolution was of English stock.
Moreover, the Committee knew that persistent efForts were being made in
our country to create a hostile feeling toward England.
Prominent Americans of either German birth or descent, refused to join our
organization. All this was understood fairly well when Ambassador Von Bern-
stofF manifested his unfriendliness towards this organization, which sought to
signalize a century's achievement in the direction of unwatched and unguarded
boundaries. However, it was the firm conviction of the members of the new
organization in the United States that the time had come to lay old differences,
and upon that foundation to erect a solid structure of national friendship. The
ideals of the two nations are much the same, and there seems to be quite sufficient
reason for it in the fact that we speak the same language, are inheritors of the same
literature and each blessed with a system of jurisprudence founded upon the
Common Law of England, the States having adopted the Common Law by Con-
stitutions, in which they have also incorporated the great principles of English
liberty which cost you a struggle of nearly five hundred years.
In the circumstances to which I have so briefly referred, we thought it but
natural that two wholesome peoples should come to think very much alike, and if
each were educated to think well of the other, they would come, in the course of
time, to be helpful, the one to the other, in the elevation of the standards of citi-
zenship and in properly considering the obligation of each to the family of nations.
A friendship thus brought about — a very different friendship than that resulting
from a mere bargain or agreement between the heads of two Governments to stand
together — would, it was believed, result in the end, in Great Britain and the
United States using their combined influence for the peace of the world and the
good of humanity.
The friendship of the two peoples, from which friendly governments would
naturally result, seemed to the founders of the organization worthy of their best
Two years later, and in May, 1913, the pleasure was mine of delivering an
address of welcome in the City of New York to a distinguished party of English-
men, headed by Lord Wearedale, who came to take counsel with the Canadian
representatives and ourselves as to the character of this celebration and the de-
tails. That our people were at that time becoming very much interested in a
closer relationship between Great Britain and the United States, is most strikingly
illustrated by the fact that in September of that very year, the American Bar
Association, approximately 10,000 members, coming from every state in the
Union, held its annual meetmg, not in its own country, but in Montreal, Canada.
It invited the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, the Right Honorable
Richard Burdon Haldane, to deliver the annual address. The invitation was
accepted, and the distinguished speaker was presented to the Association by the
head of the Judicial System of the United States, Chief Justice White.
Under the leadership of the "American Committee", and in furtherance of
the general plan of celebration which had been agreed upon in May of 1913, when
Lord Wearedale and his party came to us, a great Convention was held on Macki-
nac Island, situated midway between the United State and Canada. Delegates
came to that Convention who were appointed, by the Governors of every State
extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific. From the provinces of Canada and
also from the organizations in each country, then aggregating many thousands of
public-spirited citizens, who believed that the race that was heard from in no
uncertain tones at Runnymede and Bunker Hill, will forever stand for the great
principles of liberty enunciated in England, and later incorporated into our
several Constitutions, and believed, too, that they should stand together for the
wider recognition of the doctrine that there can be no controversy between nations
which cannot be solved by peaceful means.
I presided over the Mackinac Island Convention, which had a successful
meeting, lasting three days. And when it adjourned, there was not a war cloud
in siglit of the delegates. And yet, in a little over two weeks, six nations were at
war. We greatly regretted that the war compelled the putting aside of the plans
Some feared that such efforts toward friendship were doomed to failure. But
looking back over all the events that have since transpired we can see that the
closer ties for which we were working have come in a measure greater by f.ir than
our imaginations conceived. We, m America, have watched Great Britain in
its glorious conduct of a war which cost her dearly. We know — aye, all the world
knows now, that her pledge of the last man and the last dollar would have been
forthcoming, had there been need. It is well worth while for any nation to count
such a nation among its friends, and today I make bold to say that •;ve do count
your nation among our friends.
Our Government could not have taken our nation into the war when Great
Britain went, if it had tried to do so. Washington had warned our people against
entangling alliances abroad. His warning was accepted by people and statesmen
for over a century, until it seemed a part of the unwritten law.
"It is always an impressive sight when an idea takes possession of the mill-
ions and wields the living mass as if it were its soul." That sight we saw at home.
More than a hundred millions of people, barring some Germans and Austrians,
and their sympathizers, came at last to the belief that unless they helped the Allies,
our nation, and perhaps the whole world, might in the end become the slaves of
Germany. The realization of such a possibility opened their eyes. Broader
vision brought the conviction that Washington's views, sound when we were a
small and isolated nation, have no application now that our nation is full-grown,
and isolation exists nowhere on eartii, except at the poles. To those who pointed
out the fearful loss of life and the cost in treasure that would ensue our entry into
the war there came from all over the country the response: "God has so prospered
this nation that it has come to have 5;reat power — a power that is needed to turn
the scales for the good of humanity. Undoubtedly it was and is part of the Divine
plan that we should exercise that power. And we must. Compelled at the last
by our sympathy with the righteous cause of the Allies and by our conviction
that we were called to share in the defense of freedom, we were swept into line
as if marshalled by the power that commands all things.
While our entry was belated, and, under the circumstances, as I feel, ex-
cusably so, it will jiot be claimed that we failed to play a manly part after we
were in. We think you saw in us something of the spirit, energy, courage and
dogged determination to win, which is characteristic of your people and your
Government. We believe you are convinced, as are our people, that working
together we can help to keep the peace of the world. Moreover, we shall know at
the outset, that if we agree to act in a definite way, the pledge of both nations
will be kept, come what will.
With such a foundation of respect, confidence and good will, we can con-
fidentlv undertake the building up of an enduring friendship between our peoples.
One ofthe organizations devoted to that work is the SULGRAVE INSTITUTION.
There is a branch of it here in England, and another branch in the United States.
The men in it from the United States are for the most part recruited from the
membership of the American Committee of 1909 and 1914. For the name
"Sulgrave Institution" we are indebted to the wise and generous Englishmen
who bought Sulgrave Manor, the ancestral home in England of George Washing-
ton, our first President, whose memory is loved and revered by every American
citizen. This generous act warmed our hearts, and the American Branch has
sent its Chancellor to present to you, in its behalf, a monument of another Presi-
dent, of whom, in our country, we often speak as "The Immortal Lincoln."
It should be said that the Sulgrave Institution is able to make this presenta-
tion, because one of its Governors, Mr. Charles P. Taft, and his good wife, gave
us the statue, which is the work of the famous sculptor, George Grey Barnard.
As this gift indicates, the donors are among the foremost of our public-spirited
citizens in their effort for the general good. As useful in the field they have chosen
for helpfulness as their brother, Ex-President Taft is in his. To them the Sul-
grave Institution at home owes a debt which it is not possible to pay.
This monument which we leave with you as an earnest expression of our good
will and of our desire for agreeable and mutually helpful relations during all
the future, is of one who was a President of the United States during the tim; when
the question was settled forever that ours is a Union of Statss, one and insepara-
ble. As an incident of that controversy, four millions of slaves were made free,
and slavery abolished forever in the United States.
With the exception of George Washington, the memory of no one of our
Presidents is today treasured with such affectionate regard as that of Lincoln.
And through the wise generositj' of some of your people, Washington, together
with the English home of his ancestors, will furnish the inspiration, by virtue of
which the Sulgrave Institution of England and America, will work wonders for
the cause of enduring friendship between our nations.
Moreover, Lincoln, the President, ideally represents the United States as
she was from the beginning and is today. The real truth is that his rise is no
different from that of many men from the earliest days of our history, coming out
of an ancestry of honest, industrious and courageous men and loyal, chaste. God-
fearing women, compelled to aid in the family labors as soon as able to do so, and
complying cheerfully too, acquiring knowledge after the tasks of the day were
done, sometimes by the glow of a pine knot, and later by the light of candle or
lamp; borrowing a book here and there, and returning them.
In Lincoln's boyhood home there were but three books, the Bible, Aesop's
Fables and Pilgrim's Progress, — books that he so thoroughly studied that they
became of wondrous value to him in his public career.
Lincoln, like others, borrowed books from the neighbors, and one interesting
story is of his borrowing a Life of Washington by Weems, from a neighbor named
Crawford. That evening Lincoln read until the tallow dip burned out, and then
the house, being built of logs, he slipped the book between two of them. During
the night a rain storm came, and soaked many of the pages of the book. Straight
to Crawford went the boy, told him of this misfortune, and asked that he might
work for him until the book was paid for. The proposition was accepted. Three
days of work were performed and the half-ruined book was his to master. This
story is not new, but it shows the character of the boy Lincoln.
About no man in the United States has so much been written and spoken —
much of it written by men of his generation, and some by admirers of the present
And the end is not yet, although nothing new about him can be presented.
Black said of him:^
"Whoever imparts a new view of his character must tell it to the newborn, to
"whom all things are new, for to the intelligent and mature, his name and
"virtues have been long familiar. His was the power that commanded ad-
"miration and the humanity that invited love; mild but inflexible, just, but
"merciful; great, but simple. He possessed a head that commanded men
"and a heart that attracted babes. His conscience was strong enough to
"bear continual use. It was not alone for public occasions nor great emer-
"gencies. It was never a capital, but always a chart. It was never his ser-
"vant, to be dismissed at will, but his companion to be always at his side.
"It was with him, but never behind him, for he knew that a pursuing con-
"science is an accuser, and not a guide, and brings remorse instead of com-
"fort. His greatness did not depend upon his title, for greatness was his
"when the title was bestowed. He leaned upon no fiction of nobility, and
"kissed no hand to obtain his rank, but the stamp of nobility and power
"which he wore was conferred upon him in that log hut in Kentucky, that
"day in 1809, when he and Nancy Hanks were first seen there together. And
"it was conferred by a power which, unlike earthly potentates, never confers
"a title without a character that will adorn it. When we understand the
"tremendous advantages of a humble birth, when we realize that the priva-
"tions of youth are the pillars of strength to maturer years, then we shall
"cease to wonder that out of such obscure surroundings as watched the
"coming of Abraham Lmcoln should spring the colossal and supreme figure
"of modern history."
He was born February 12, 1809, became a member of the Legislature of the
State of Illinois at twenty-five, and by reason of subsequent annual elections,
served in that body for a period of eight years.
In 1846, when he was 37, his party cast about for a candidate for Congress in
a district deemed hopeless. The opposing candidate was Peter Cartright — the
most famous of all pioneer preachers — so that, in the hope of carrying the dis-
trict, Lincoln was the first and last choice. He was successful by an ample ma-
jority, and served a single term of two sessions, beginning in December, 1847,
and ending March 4, 1849. There has been a tendency to belittle or overlook
this phase of Lincoln's public life. Considering the circumstances, it was a won-
derfully interesting, as well as a successful episode in his life — a fitting introduction
to the wider career upon which he then entered.
He had been admitted to the Bar at 27 years of age, and achieved a consider-
able measure of success. Riding the circuit, as was the custom in those days, he
had opportunity to and did meet the leaders of the Bar of his State. He was
prevented from attaining the leading position at the Bar, however, because of his
efl^orts to render high public service. That service took so much of his time from
that exacting profession, the law, that undisputed leadership at the Bar was
not for him.
THE DEBATE WITH DOUGLAS
Lincoln had early taken a strong, though conservative position on the slavery
question, best exemplified by his protest in 1837 against a Leglislative Resolution
on the subject. He and a colleague united in declaring their belief that "The
institution of slavery is founded both on injustice and bad policy; but that the
promulgation of abolition doctrines tends rather to increase than abate its evils."
In these words 'vill be found the key to his oosition during the remainder of his
life, and nothing could move him from it. He never abandoned either of the
policies involved in this declaration, and they were to give him in due time the
support that he needed.
In 1858, as the candidate of the Republican Partv for United States Senator
from Illinois, he challenged Steven A. Douglas, the Democratic nominee, and then
a member of the Senate and a candidate for re-election, to a joint debate. The
one confident, well-entrenched public figure of his time was Steven A. Douglas.
As Senator from Illinois, strong, confident, over-bearing in his personal position
and attitude, and yet a born compromisor, he had been able fairly to hold the
balance in his party upon the slavery question which had then become the only
one in politcs. Ambitious, resourceful, drawing his supporters with hooks of
steel, he was on,e of the most virile figures ever seen in our larger public life.
While the contest was plainly hopeless, it was necessary to confront this success-
ful man with the best that his opponents could muster, and Lincoln stood ready
for the work. And it was the most remarkable contest thus far seen in all our
history. Whatever else may come, whatever the changes of our politics, there can
never be another such political tourney. The time, the men, the single issue
which then divided our people, the public interest and excitement — these may be
simulated but they cannot be reproduced. American politics will never see
another Douglas-Lincoln Debate, or anything fairly resembling it. It was more
than politics for our fathers, those hearty pioneers — it'was the drama carried into
real life, and represented by two unsurpassed actors. It brought immediate suc-
cess to Douglas, and enduring fame to Lincoln, and forced to a settlement the
issue which they debated with so much spirit and candor. "A house divided
against itself cannot stand; I believe this Government cannot endure permanent-
ly, half slave and half free," — the famous declaration of Lincoln, — was to become
the watchword of the people, assert itself on many a battlefield and find accep-
tance at last in every section of a great country. Lincoln lost the Senatorship
to Douglas, but his speeches in that debate won for him two years later the nomi-
nation and the election to the Presidency.
The rest of the story is logical, a necessity in the nature of things. It was
inevitable that the man who had turned a great and dangerous movement into
conservative lines, had inspirited the halting, curbed the unreasonable and brought
them both upon the same platform, should be their chosen leader in a crisis. The
time had come when the pioneer mind was to find recognition, and, through the
mists of party, we can now see that Lincoln was its prophet. Looking back over
our history it is surprising, in how many cases we can perceive that, in the day of
need, some leader has arisen in a country or in a State, or even in a city, certamly
in an army, whose merits were obvious and who, in the nature of events, has been
brought to the front. That such a one was necessary, the only man, it would be
difficult to maintain, but it would be impossible, in most instances, to choose the
Whether any other man's leadership could have preserved the Union we
know not; only this we do know; Lincoln's did.
THE STRUGGLE FOR THE UNION
One month and seven days after his Inauguration on March 4, 1861, as Presi-
dent of the United States, Fort Sumpter was fired upon and the struggle on the
one hand for the preservation of the Union, and on the other, to establish the
right of States to secede was begun. About a month after the Inauguration,
Secretary Seward, in a letter which became public said: "Change the question
before the public from one upon slavery or about slavery for a question upon
Union or dis-union." In other words, he recommended that they should escape
from a discussion of a party question, such as the abolition of slavery, and take
up in its stead, a patriotic question involving a struggle to save the nation from
Whether the purpose of the letter was to feel the public pulse on the question,
I cannot say, but it is interesting to note that nearly five years before Lincoln
had said in a debate in answer to the advocates of the right of secession, "We do
not \\'ant to disrupt the Union; You shall not." Moreover, from that time on the
preservation of the Union became his one avowed purpose, and every effort of his
and of those closely in touch with him was concentrated upon an effort to secure
support for the Union. 'This purpose found its fullest expression in the famous
letter of August 22, 1862, to Horace Greeley — a declaration worthy of study again
and again by those who would understand the philosophy of Lincoln. He said:
"I would save the Union. I would save it in the shortest way under the Con-
stitution. The sooner the national authority can be restored, the nearer the
Union will be the 'Union it was.' If there be those who would not save the Union
unless they could at the same time save slavery, I do not agree with them. If
there be those who would not save the Union unless they could at the same time
destroy slavery, I do not agree with them. My paramount object in this struggle
is to save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery. If I could
save the Union without freeing any slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it
by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and
leaving others alone, I would also do that. What I do about slavery and the
colored race, I do because I believe it helps the Union; and what I forbear, I
forbear because I do not believe it would help to save the Union. I shall do less
whenever I believe what I am doing hurts the cause, and I shall do more whenever
I shall believe doing more will help the cause. I shall try to correct errors when
shown to be errors, and I shall adopt new views so fast as they shall appear to be
He watched with anxious solicitude the effect of this policy and only nine days
before the issue of the Emancipation Proclamation he said of the Union soldiers
from the border slave states:
"Every day increases their Union feeling.
They are getting their pride aroused."
While welcoming criticism, he never failed to rebuke those among his most
assertive friends who reproached him for his hesitation in accepting the policies
advocated by the extremists.
Although the Emancipation Proclamation was dated September 22, 1862, to
take effect January 1, 1863, he seems never at any time to have looked upon it as
a political finality, or as more than a military policv of necessity. He continued
his appeals for the Union uhatever might be the fare of slavery. On October 5,
1863, he wrote to Mr. Drake and others of Missouri, a letter in which he said:
"We are in civil war. In such cases there always is a main question;
but in this case that question is a perplexing compound, Union and Slavery.
It thus becomes a question not of two sides merely, but of at least four sides,
even among those who are for the Union, saying nothing of. those who are
against it. Thus, those who are for the Union with, but not without, slav-
ery — those for it without, but not with — those for it ^vith or without but
prefer it with — and those for it with or without, but prefer it without."
Of commanding importance in a study of his attitude are his efforts to ac-
complish emancipation by compensation for the value of slaves. He consistently
favored the application of this principle to the border States and the portions of
the revolted States excepted from the operations of the Proclamation, still adhering
to his declared policy that the one thing to be done was the preservation of the
Union without any relation to the existence of slavery its.elf On February 5,
1865, only four weeks before his inauguartion for a second term, he prepared the
draft of a message to Congress in which he proposed to apply this principal of
compensation to the States still in arms against Federal authority. The war was
then practically at an end, resistance having ceased over a considerable part of
the seceded States.
"Fellow citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives: I respect-
fully recommend that a joint resolution, substantially as follows, be adopted
as soon as practicable by your honorable bodies.
"Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America, in Congress assembled. That the President of the United
States is hereby empowered, in his discretion, to pay 3^00,000,003. to the
States of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky,
Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Caro-
lina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia, in the manner and on the
conditions following, to wit: The payment to be made in six per cent
government bonds, and to be distributed among said States pro rata on their
respective slave populations as shown by the census of 1860, and no part
of said sum to be paid unless all resistance to the national authority shall be
abandoned and cease, on or before the first day of April next; and upon such
abandonment and ceasing of resistance, one-half of said sum to be paid
in manner aforesaid, and the remaining half to be paid only upon the amend-
ment of the National Constitution recently proposed by Congress becoming
valid law, on or before the first day of July next, by the action thereon of the
requisite number of States.
"The adoption of such Resolution is sought with a view to embody it,
with other propositions, in a Proclamation looking to peace and re-union.
"Whereas, a joint Resolution has been adopted by Congress, in the words
"Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, do pro-
claim, declare, and make known, that on the conditions therein stated, the power
conferred on the executive in and by said joint Resolution will be fully exercised;
that war will cease and armies be reduced to a basis of peace, that all political
ofFenses will be pardoned; that all property, except slaves, liable to confiscation
or forfeiture, will be released therefrom, except in cases of intervening interests of
third parties; and that liberality will be recommended to Congress upon all points
not lying within executive control."
"February 5, 1865. Today these papers, which explain themselves, were
drawn up and submitted to the Cabinet and unanimously disapproved by them.
These are impressive papers. They were made when the war was closing.
Though the formal surrender of Lee did not take place until two months and four
daj's later, it was bound to come without much more struggle. The Southland
had made for its population, the greatest fight in history; but the foods, arms and
munitions v.ere almost gone and the men — aye, and the boys, too, were going fast.
To hold out longer against overwhelming numbers, backed by an unlimited sup-
ply of food and war equipment of ever}' kind was impossible. President Lincoln
knew it too. No one knew it better — not even the Head of the Southern Con-
federacy. Why then, did he ask the support of his Cabinet for a proposition that
was not necessarj^ to end the war in favor of the Union.''
The answer seems to me to be that he did so for two reasons:
First: Because he wished to secure absolutely the freedom of the slaves.
It may be answered that the slaves were already freed by the Emancipation
Proclamation which took effect January 1, 1863. Whether that were so, was a
subject of great debate. It was strongly contended that such portion of the
slaves as should be found within the Southern Army lines at the close of the war
would be unaffected by this war measure, and would continue the property of their
owners, notwithstanding the Proclamation of the Executive. The purchase of
the slaves therefore would make certain that which many disputed, namely;
Second: He hoped by the exchange of money for slaves to put Four hundred
millions of Dollars in the Southern States to start them on the long, hard road of
rebuilding and restoring a devastated and impoverished country.
Those who recall the frightful struggle through which the South passed in the
days following the war, because they were without money with which to buy the
necessaries of life, to say nothing of seed and fertilizers and farming implements,
realize now that the hateful reconstruction period would never have been written,
had the broad-minded, warm-hearted forgiving Lincoln escaped the assasin's
It is meet that this Monument of Lincoln should be erected in Manchester
by some of your kinsmen from across the sea, for it will recall to you that it repre-
sents the man who was the leader of the cause so heartily sustained by cotton
spinners of Manchester and the mass of your people generally under the leader-
ship of John Bright and Richard Cobden in the dark days of the Civil War in the
United States, and the "Cotton Famine" in Lancashire, ^incoln in Manchester
stands at once for the high ideals of the American pioneer and of the Manches-
Charles Stewart Davison .
Of those agencies which lead to a better understanding among
peoples none is more fruitful than the interchange of scholars.
Not of the immature and unformed and equally not of the old and
prejudiced. To educate the school-boys of one nation in another
is, for the purpose in view, an idle expenditure of time and money
as is equally the exchange professorship idea, which is intended,
as it admirably does, to subserve another use. These primary
considerations the Sulgrave Institution has recognized in the
comprehensive plan for Research Studentships at the University
of Cambridge for American graduate scholars, and for Scholar-
ships in this country for young Englishmen which it has formu-
In the latter portion of the general plan considerable progress
has been made. Through the generous and enlightened apprecia-
tion of the President of Colgate University three scholarships
have been instituted therein, open to young Englishmen desiring
to pursue courses of instruction in this country. Under the terms
thereof all tuition fees and all University charges are remitted.
The details of the practical operation of the plan at Colgate are
now being worked out and the British Sulgrave upon their
completion will take steps to select the first incumbents thereof.
The matter is also under advisement in the University of Vir-
ginia in which institution the plan is under the auspices of one of
the Board of Trustees, and it is hoped that provision for caring
for two scholars will be made. Perhaps the most important
development of this portion of the plan is that now being put into
operation at the State School of Agriculture at Morrisville, New
York, concerning which the Chairman of the Executive Com-
mittee has received a memorandum that the British Agricultural
Board, of which Lord Lee is the Chairman, is undertaking to
select six British youths to send out for the purpose of pursuing
courses there. Concerning that portion of the plan which con-
templates the instituting of thirty-four Research Studentships in
the University of Cambridge (two at each of the seventeen colleges
of that ancient seat of learning) it may be said that the committee
in charge is perfecting the details. The Foundations are to be
permanent and are open to graduates of American colleges —
aged between 21 and 25, and care should be exercised in pre-
scribing the regulations, that best results may be obtained.
The preliminary proposals have been sympathetically regarded by
the Heads of several of the Colleges of the University who have
been personally consulted by the committee as also by the Uni-
versity authorities and donations towards the fund are already
being received. Each studentship is to last for two 3^ears — the
requisite time to obtain the full certificate which is granted by
the University on the successful completion of the course pre-
scribed in some one of the established lines of research open to
For the permanent foundation of one of these Research
Studentships it is estimated that only the sum of twenty-five
thousand dollars will be required so that the complete plan whereby
there would be maintained continuously a body of thirty-four
research students at Cambridge can be put in operation for ap-
proximately eight hundred thousand dollars.
In accordance with the English, as indeed the American, cus-
tom the various foundations will be known by the names of the
respective benefactors and it would be difficult to associate one's
name with a more worthy and efficient agency for bringing about
that intelligent co-operation, founded on mutual comprehension
which, if the general structure of society is to be preserved by the
influence of the English speaking peoples, is essential as well for
us, as for our cousins on the other side of the Atlantic.
The project has appealed to a number of thoughtful persons
so fortunately situated as to be able to render this practical ser-
vice to society and the hope is not wholly ill-founded that within a
year the entire scheme will be in full operation.
INDEPENDENCE— DEPENDENCE— INTERDEPENDENCE
James H. Darlington, Bishop of Harrisburg.
"Free speech" is claimed as one of England's greatest glories
and rightly so, but the wild expressions and half-crazed epithets
of irresponsible, soap-box orators haranguing small groups of boys
and men in our parks or on our street corners, should not be
cabled across the Atlantic to disturb the mind of our English
cousin. They are the words of those who are merely ranters, who
have no followers worth speaking of, and no influence in the cities
where they dwell. The great body of intelligent citizens of the
United States looks upon England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland
with almost the same feeling that they would upon any four states
of the Union outside of their own Commonwealth.
With us in America the newspapers abound in jokes and comi-
cal criticisms of the Eastern States on the Atlantic by theWestern
States on the Pacific, and of little squibs upon the Northern
States on the Canadian border from the Southern States on the
Gulf of Mexico, and vice versa. The baseball clubs and the foot-
ball teams are praised and hacked by the localities from which
they come, and everything possible is done to stimulate a friendly
rivalry between the towns to win a championship over their
rivals. But when the season is over, and the prizes are awarded
the victors are praised by all, and no bad feeling is engendered by
the defeats. So exactly it is in the feeling of the United States
towards Great Britain and Canada. Citizens here in great
majority hold not that the English speaking people ought to be
one, but that they are already 07ie and have been for a hundred
General George Washington, while esteemed here as "First
in war, first in peace, first in the hearts of his countrymen,"
should be equally held in honor and claimed by Great Britain.
He was English in his nature, of English blood and training, and
it was as an Englishman, as well as an American colonist and
citizen, that he led the American Army and gave battle to the
exorbitant demands of the Mother Country in the Revolutionary
war. "Britons never will be slaves," and the over-exactions by
the crown and parliament in 1776 were a little later declared
to have been unjust by the general voice of the English press
and people. He and his generals and advisers had the active and
sympathetic aid of many in parliament who condemned the war
in America at that time, as unnecessary and unjust. The great
universities of England have their students going from the
United States every year, and almost every important book,
issued in England, has an American edition printed on this side of
the water. School teachers and their pupils by the thousands from
our schools take trips each summer to visit England's cathedrals,
and, as a verger would tell you, on almost any day during the
spring or summer you would find more Americans in Westminster
Abbey and in St. Paul's Cathedral, than all other nations together.
The hotel clerks and guides in Stratford on Avon say that more
Americans visit Shakespeare's birthplace and tomb daily than all
other nations combined.
The founding and preservation of the Washington Manor
House, under the care of the Sulgrave Institution, w^ill add another
shrine to which Americans will make pilgrimages. The hold of
Washington upon the imagination was shown at the beginning of
the civil w'ar, w^hen the seceding States felt they must have the
Washington family coat of arms somehow represented in their
flag, and as the Federal government had already chosen the stars
and stripes, they selected the "stars and bars" in the form of St
One real reason why the United States did not more quickly
enlist in the world war against the German, Austrian and Turkish
Alliance was, perhaps, an over confidence in the invincibilit}^ of
Great Britain, and the feeling that she did not need our aid. As
soon, however, as it became apparent that through the power for
harm of German submarines the food supply of the British Isles
was in danger, and when General Haig cried out that England's
heroes were "fighting with their backs against the wall", the
United States regretted its delay, and did all it could to aid with
arms and men, with ships and money.
We must in the future be more confidential the one with the
other. All the liberties we have barken back to the great Magna
Charta obtained from King John, and as our Fourth of July is
celebrated throughout America and many places in England as
Independence Day, because on that day our great Declaration
was signed in Philadelphia, in 1776, so I wish that the same day a
month later, August 4th, 1914, might be celebrated throughout
the British Possessions and the world as Dependence Day, the day
on which Great Britain declared warto keep her plighted w^ord to
little Belgium. Such a brave deed well deserves universal
Perhaps a few years later when we have learned to recognize
more fully what it means to have our soldier and sailor boys stand
shoulder to shoulder in battle and shed their blood and die for a
common cause; and when our martyrs who have made the great
sacrifice and lie side by side in French cemeteries have drawn our
hearts closer together, perhaps we may be able to arrange for a
September or an October celebration which we may name IN-
TERDEPENDENCE DAY, which even the four horses which
St. John saw in the Apocalypse can never break because it is
formed not by the ambition or through the contrivance of men, but
for the peace and prosperity of the world; and may we ask in
prayer the great Father of all to give His blessing on this English
Speaking Unio7i for freedom and righteousness, so that "what God
hath joined together" no man can put asunder.
SULGRAVE'S CHRISTMAS GIFT
Alfred University, Alfred, N. Y., December 20, 1919.
Mr. John A. Stewart,
Pres. Sulgrave Institution.
New York City.
Dear Mr. Stewart:
As a good-will offering to the cause of American-British
friendship and as a Christmas gift to the Sulgrave Institutions of
Great Britain and America, Alfred University offers six scholar-
ships — three for girls and three for boys — to students recom-
mended by the Sulgrave Institutions.
Every line of college endeavor is open to these scholars,
namely, the College of Liberal Arts, the School of Ceramics and
Clayworking and the School of Agriculture. It may interest you
to know that the director of the School of Ceramics was formerly
a director of the Royal Porcelain Works at Worcester, England.
Wishing you all the greetings of the season, I am
(Signed) Boothe C. Davis, (President).
WISE WORDS FROM BECK
"Anglo-American unity, upon which the peace of the world
may, in the future, so largely rest, depends less upon the expedi-
ents of statesmen and obligations of written treaties, than upon
the potent sentiment of loyalty to the great destinies of the
"The great essentials to this unity are appreciation and
"Today, as never before, the two nations appreciate each
other. The sentiment cf fraternity and the unity of our two great
nations will not be accomplished merely by the gushing exchange,
as two school girls, of reciprocal flatter3^ Rather we should meet
as men of experience and strength who know that there is no
diplomacy quite so effective as that of transparent candour, and
that between two nations, who have the common aim of the
welfare of civilization, there can be no conflict, save of opinion,
over ways and methods. Let our motto be: 'In essentials, unity;
in non-essentials, liberality. In all things, charity.'"
James M. Beck.
PRINCE OF WALES DINNER
Notable Event in the History of Sulgrave Institution
On November 19, 1919, the Sulgrave Institution, in friendly
association with the St. George's Society, St. Andrew's Society,
St. David's Society, the English-Speaking Union, the Canadian
Club, Canadian Society and the British Schools and Universities,
gave a dinner to H. R. H. the Prince of Wales. Former President
William Howard Taft, a member of the Sulgrave Board of Gover-
nors and also the Advisory Council, presided, and the speakers
were Sulgrave members — Chancellor Alton B. Parker, former
Governor Charles Evans Hughes, Dr. John H. Finley, Dr. John
Grier Hibben, President of Princeton, and Rev. William Thomas
Manning, Rector of Trinity Church. The guests of honor were:
Captain Geoffrey Blake, D. S. O., R. N.
Captain E. C. Kennedy, R. N.
Colonel Rodman Wanamaker
Air Commodore E. O. Charlton, R. A. F.
Rear Admiral Harry McL. P. Huse, U. S. N.
Major General David C. Shanks, U. S. A.
Rear Admiral James H. Glennon, U. S. N.
Sir William Tyrrell
Major General John Biddle, U. S. A.
Major General Sir Henry Burstall. K. C. B., K. C. M. G.
President John Grier Hibben
Rear Admiral Morgan Singer, C. B.
Hon. Charles E. Hughes
His Excellency Viscount Grey of Falloden, K. G.
Hon. William Howard Taft
His Royal Highness, Edward Prince of Wales
Hon. Alton B. Parker
Sir Lionel Halsey, K. C. B., K. C. M. G.
Dr. John H. Finley
Rev. Dr. William T. Manning
Major General H. K. Bethell, C. B., C. M. G., D. S. O.
Major General John F. O'Ryan
Rear Admiral Albert P. Niblack, U. S. N.
Rear Admiral J. D. McDonald, U. S. N.
Commissioner of Police Richard E. Enright
Captain E. A. Taylor, R. N.
Hon. James M. Beck
Acting Consul General Frederick Watson
Mr. Rustom Rustomgee
The Executive Committe was:
Chair mart, George W, Burleigh
Fice-Chairmen, Norrie Sellar, R. A. C. Smith
Treasurer, Perley Morse
George F. Baker Walter Scott
Edward F. Darrell Fred Warner Shibley
J. Vipond Davies John A. Stewart
William H. Gardiner Rev. John Williams
Alexander B. Halliday John Castree Williams
Andrew B. Humphrey George T. Wilson
Among the Committee of Arrangements were:
J. P. Morgan Jacob H. SchifF
Otto H. Kahn Elbert H. Gary
Martin Vogel James M. Beck
Frank A. Vanderlip Paul D. Cravath
James B. Forgan Nicholas F. Brady
Charles Phelps Taft Edward W. Hatch
The speakers were felicitous, the Prince being easily the peer
of any other in this regard. The dinner was one of the most
brilliant ever held in the City of New York.
EXCERPTS FROM THE SPEECHES
WiLLiAiVi Howard Taft: —
"We have no need to assure Your Royal Highness of the personal esteem in
which you are held in this country, or the affectionate interest with which our
people have followed your course from the day you landed in Canada until to-
night. They like your enjoyment of the things that other people enjoy; they like
your genuine interest and enthusiasm. They like your willingness to share the
hardships, and the dangers, with the common soldier in a campaign for your
country and the world. In short, they like your democracy, which they know to
be an earnest of the fidelity and success with which you will meet your great
responsibilities to come.
His Royal Highness, Prince of Wales: —
"But now that I am in America I feel well in touch with the objects of the
Sulgrave Institution ***** whose object I understand, and I know, is
to keep English-speaking people working in harmony for common ends and for
common ideals. (Applause).
"I have long looked forward to coming to the United States and to New York,
and I am delighted to be here. I feel that the spoiling process which Canada
carried so far is being completed in the Great Republic. (Applause). I am hav-
ing a fine time in the United States. My only complaint is that my visit is far
too short." (Applause).
Honorable Charles Evans Hughes: —
"We recall that day, that fateful day, when the question of Great Britain's
relation to the War was to be determined. We remember the intelligent and
zealous efforts which were put forth to assure an honorable peace; but when that
was impossible, England did not hesitate to go the way where honor pointed.
With every endeavor to avoid that terrible struggle, in a crisis the gravity of which
was fully appreciated, there was not a moment's hesitation when the exigency ap-
peared, and the question was whether there should be a temporizing policy or a
fearless challenge, with faith in Almighty God, in order to win the victory over
a brutal autocracy which had violated the neutrality of Belgium. (Applause).
Then we watched the beginning of that struggle and the heroism of that little force
of Territorials, and every man, however intensely American, whether with a drop
of British blood, or for that matter without a drop of British blood, who saw the
valor of those Britishers amid the swamps of Ypres, rejoiced that the British
tradit'on was maintained in its full glory! With that indomitable spirit, defeat
was impossible. (Applause).
"There can be no international justice unless there is national justice; and
there can be no national justice e.xcept in communities filled with men who are
animated with the spirit of justice, and who cherish those traditions — both of
civil liberty and of wise restraint — which we have had the good fortune to inherit
from Great Britain. (Applause).
"And as we look to the future, we can find no prospect of peace or prosperity
if the liberty-loving peoples of the world, the peoples that have established the in-
stitutions of rational liberty, are divided in purpose or in ideal, or the world loses
the benefit of their cooperation.
"We, therefore, hail this visit as an omen of a new era, an era in which all
peoples loving liberty will work together, zealous with respect to their own in-
terests, jealous of their own rights, but perceiving clearly the necessity for causing
force to yield to the arbitrament of justice; and determined to take counsel to-
gether, that hereafter ruthless war shall never be waged — mere force shall never
raise its head to strike down the sacred right of treaty; and that all peoples, great
and small, may work out their destiny under the. free institutions which have been
so largely nourished by the people whose distinguished representative we have the
pleasure of greeting tonight." (Prolonged applause).
President John Grier Hibben: —
"We who meet tonight in honor of Your Royal Highness are of British blood,
proud of the springs whence our life currents flow. We are here to celebrat.-
the common heritage which binds our two great nations indissolubly together,
we are one in a common belief, we believe in the same things; we believe in those
compelling truths which form our moral and spiritual tradition, and when this
belief was challenged, a new bond was established between our mother country
and our own — the bond of comradeship-in-arms. (Applause)
"It lies deeply hidden on our human nature a phase of the native poetry of our
being, that in the time of great emergency we crave for a figure to follow, some
human standard as the concrete object of ail of our loyalty and devotion; and such
a leader we believe it is your destiny to become. (Applause). The men of your
generation will naturally look to you as an example of devotion to duty and of
obedience to the law of sacrifice, to command its loyalty and to lead your genera-
tion in the realization of all of the possibilities that shall make for the welfare of
your Empire, for the advancing progress of the civilization, and for the building
of a new world. It is a task. Your Royal Highness, worthy a king, "Who knoweth
whether thou art come to the Kingdom for such a time as this?" (Prolonged
President John Finley: —
"Mr. Chairman, Your Royal Higliness: — When I was on my way to-Pales-
tine, where I had the honor to serve under that great commander-in-chief, the
Deliverer of the Holy Land, General Lord Allenby of Meggido — (Applause) —
I passed through England. It was in the early days of May, 1918, only a few
days after the Battle of Kemmel Hill, which occurred when I was on the ocean.
I expected to find England in confusion, if not m panic; for only a f^w days before
General Haig had said to his men that they were standing with their 'backs to the
wall'; and that the safety of their families and the freedom of mankind alike
depended upon the conduct of each one in that critical moment.' I expected to
find England, I repeat, in confusion and panic; but as Your Royal Highness has
said I found that 'she was very much herself — (applause). What was she doing
on that day? She was beginning with unpert.irbed mind the debate in Parlia-
ment on the Fisher Education Bill, that Bill which has been called the 'Children's
Charter'. Above the thunder of the guns, which could almost be heard, and
under the night menace of the skies. President Fisher, the Minister of Education,
was saying "Education is the eternal debt which maturity owes to youth."
(Applause). That debate was being continued with deep earnestness and with no
camouflage of words when the Germans were reaching the Marne. And the bill
was passed on the 8th of August, the A^ery day that General Rawlinson began the
return offensive at Amiens. That seemed to me a supreme tribute to England.
"It was my great fortune to be out at that time at the other end of the "far-
flung battle line"; I was at service, Your Royal Highness, the Sundaj^ preceding
the Sth of August, (the fourth anniversary of the beginning of the war) at the very
tip end of the line, which was being held by the Second Battalion of the Black
Watch. (Applause). I had spent the night in a tent on the very edge of the sea.
In the morning we were roused by what the Sons of St. Andrews — at any rate —
would call "music." (Laughter). We were roused by tht stirring sounds of the
bagpipes. Then the men of the battalion were formed in a hollow square, about
the size of this room, with their backs toward the sea and their faces toward the
hills of Judea, over which the morning sun was glowing. They sang the old
hymns of the Church. I can still hear them singing one of these "Oh, God, our
help in ages past." Then the "Padre", as he is called, the Chaplain, read from the
Old Testament — Dr. Manning can tell you what the Chapter was — the chapter
which told about the Prophet Elisha, out upon the Plain of Dothan, which was
only fifty miles away just beyond the hills that were in sight, the plain shat seemed
to me when a boj- as a vague indefinite place but which later was very real, for a
few nights after I walked over it with my own two feet, the plain where the Prophet
Elisha found himself surrounded by a great army one morning. His servant was
panic-stricken and said, "How shall we do?" And then the servant's eyes were
opened and he saw another army above, in the air, with horses and chariots of fire
round about. The Chaplain took for his text a verse from that same chapter;
"Fear not, for they that be with us are more than the^^ that be with them."
(Applause). As he preached his sermon, one could hear the sound of the guns not
far away, punctuating it, and as he neared the end of it, I saw an aeroplane in the
air, immediately over our heads and it looked, in the golden light of the morning
sun like a chariot of fire. It seemed to me a symbol of the invisible army fighting
with Allenby's forces against the visible army of the Turks and the Germans in the
hills about. Then the Chaplain read an order from the Commander-in-chief, ex-
pressing hope and confidence, based on the justice of our cause; and faith in the
sustaining help of the Almighty.
It is that — that faith, that confidence, that imperturbability, that dogged last-
ditch valor, that unswerving, unyielding devotion to justice and right — it is all
these which will make us (of common heritage, we are proud to say) — that will
make us all kin forever, in the struggle for a better and a happier world for our
children — two millions of whorn. Your Royal Highness, I have the honor to repre-
sent here tonight. (Applause)
"I wish to pay homage in the presence of Your Royal Highness to those of
your men who have fallen, to those who have made the utmost sacrifice for the
cause of human freedom; and especially to those who gave their all for the recovery
of the Holy Land. My only regret is that I could not have fought with them — but
I shall be lastingly proud that I served under the command of your great General
there. I pay this homage in a few lines which I w^rote as an epitaph for some of
your bo_vs out there, who fell at the foot of the last hill before the entrance into
the Holy City and on the very last day before the entrance was made. The
graves of these six men lie there under a beautiful old olive tree just at the begin-
ning of the ascent of this last hill.
Beyond the hill the Holy City lies.
These never saw its glory with their eyes, —
They never reached the crest;
They perished climbing these last sacred heights;
But when they died, like true Crusader-Knights,
Their feet were on the quest.
May we be worthy to be kin of those who died with "their feet on the quest".
Honorable Alton B. Parker:
"Mr. Toastmaster, Your Royal Highness: The World War, with its nearly
13,000,000 of dead and more millions of wounded and diseased, should have
taught, and I believe it has taught, the peoples of Great Britain and the United
States, one valuable lesson: that is, that powerful as these nations are, and each of
them, neither one of them is strong enough to safely face the future alone and
without friends. (Applause) I hope and believe that the peoples of these two
great nations have long since reached the conclusion that the very best friend each
can have is the other nation. This is so not only because both are powerful na-
tions, but also because our ideals are very much alike. And how could it be other-
wise? We speak the same language; we enjoy the same literature. England's
Literature has always been ours. England created the greatest system of law
which the world has ever known, the Common Law of England : and that Common
Law is our common law. For, have we not incorporated it into 47 of our 48
State Constitutions, in words something like this:
"The Common Law of England, as it existed on the 19th day of April, 1775,
is and shall continue to be the law of this State, unless amended."
"About that time, (1912), some patriotic Englishmen conceived the idea of
buying Sulgrave Manor, the ancestral home of George Washington. They bought
it for the purpose of having it fitted up and made a place of pilgrimage for all the
lovers and admirers of Washington and his history the world over; and they
formed a Society known as the Sulgrave Institution, one branch of it in England,
and one branch here, to help finance it and carry out whatever should be needed
to make it a great success. Our honored guest is a member and a contributor to
that Society; and his distinguished father, the King, is not only a member, but
headed the subscription list circulated by Lord Burnham for the purpose of raising
the large sums of money necessary to rehabilitate the place and install therein
furniture of the period at which it was built.
"I want to say to Your Royal Highness, too, that every society and organiza-
tion represented here tonight at this dinner has from its very beginning been at
work, with all the power that resided in it, to bring about those relations w-hich
ought to exist for the future of good between our two great peoples.
"We need an exchange of visits. Their people are just as we are — precisely
like us. You could take an audience of them in any one of their cities and it will
look precisely as this audience looks to me. We ought to get closer and closer
"Your Royal Highness, you have done us good by coming. You do the cause
in which we are all working good by your coming. Come again, and come often.
(Applause) And may God grant that the peoples of these two great nations shall
affectionately work together for the hundreds of years to come, for the good of
humanity and the peace of the world." (Applause)
MATTERS OF INTEREST TO MEMBERS OF SULGRAVE
It is the hope of the Sulgrave Board of Governors to begin
publication of the Sulgrave Review by the time of the annual
meeting — -the first of June of the present year.
Thomas Cook & Sons have prepared an itinerary covering the
points of interest in America, Holland and Great Britain in con-
nection with the Tercentenary celebration. The places on the list
to be visited include London, Scrooby, Sheffield, Manchester,
Oxford, Cambridge, Stratford, Sulgrave Manor, Plymouth, South-
ampton, Rotterdam, Amsterdam, Leyden, Provincetown, Boston,
New York and Hampton Roads.
The Sulgrave Institution is now making up its committees to
visit Great Britain, Ireland and Holland; to return via Province-
town, Boston and New York, and hopes to be able to congregate
enough members to constitute a full sailing list for one of the trans-
atlantic steamers. It is suggested to Sulgrave members who are
contemplating visiting Europe this year during the May-Septem-
ber period, that they get into touch with Sulgrave headquarters
and enroll themselves as participants in the celebration. A joint
committee of Americans, Britishers and Hollanders is at work on a
comprehensive program, which will be of international interest.
In order to make suitable accommodations and arrangements
for entertainment of members of Sulgrave visiting Britain and
Holland during this year we reiterate that word should early be
sent to Sulgrave headquarters.
Futile Effort to Prevent Friendship
Never has there been such a keen desire on the part of Ameri-
cans to further friendship among English-Speaking peoples as is
manifest today, despite the subtle endeavors of reactionary in-
fluences that would drive a wedge between America and Great
Britain. This effort is causing some annoyance, but it and all
similar efforts to make enemies of America and Britain are utterly
and absolutely futile in staying the great movement towards better
understanding among English-speaking peoples. The justice of
the cause which Sulgrave conspicuously represents stands out so
mightily as a force to defend unity-in-essentials between America
and Britain, that no conspiracy or cabal, or opposing movement
can do more than to make a little ripple over the surface of the
movingfloodrollingontowardsaconsummation ofthat expectation
of an unwritten alliance in friendship, based upon mutual respect
and self-respect, between the citizens of America and the citizens
of the British Commonwealth, which is the hope of the world's
welfare and the impelling influence back of international concord.
The most important thing in the world today is American-British
peace and good-will. It is the onl}^ stable foundation of any
League of Nations.
Theodore Roosevelt was wise when he said that if he were
again to become President of the United States he should make
American-British friendship the great feature of his foreign policy.
LUNCHEON TO LORD AND LADY GLENCONNER AND
After having most successfully carried through the dinner to
that charming and altogether decent and wholesome youth who
happens to be the Prince of Wales, The Sulgrave Institution, acting
through its Committee on Hospitality, of which Colonel George
William Burleigh is the Chairman, called together fifty members
of Sulgrave to meet Lord and Lady Glenconner, members of the
British organization. Lord Glenconner is Chairman of the Com-
mitte on Schools and Universities of the British-Sulgrave-Anglo-
American Society, and arrived in America on Christmas Eve for a
three months sojourn in California. Chancellor Alton B. Parker
and Governors Samuel Gompers and James M. Beck spoke for
Sulgrave and Lord Glenconner and Mr. Moreton Frewen, to whom
Sulgrave members also delighted to pay honor, happily responded.
President Davis of Alfred University and Dr. MacKenzie of that
same institution were present. These gentlemen received a vote
of thanks to Alfred University for the University's Christmas gift
to Sulgrave of six scholarships.
A considerable number of inquiries have come to Sulgrave
from Canada, Great Britain, Ireland and various sections of
America and other parts of the world in relation to the scholar-
ships which have been presented to The Sulgrave Institution by
Cambridge University, Colgate University, Alfred University,
the Morrisville, N. Y. High School and School of Agriculture, et al.
The Committee on Scholarships, of which Mr. Charles Stewart
Davison is Chairman, is now engaged on a plan of selection which
later will be announced.
NEW AND VALUED MEMBERS
Notable additions to our membership are General John J.
Pershing, Rear Admiral Wm. L. Sims, Col. Norman G. Thwaites,
David Boyle and Norrie Sellar.
NEW WASHINGTON PORTRAIT
Among the rare gifts presented to Sulgrave for the embellish-
ment of Sulgrave Manor is a new Stuart portrait of George Wash-
ington. This fine and most generous gift has been photo-
graphed for the American Sulgrave and a copyright copy of it will
be presented to all Sulgrave members and to those who have con-
tributed or shall contribute to the support of the Sulgrave Insti-
The American Sulgrave has also received from the British
Sulgrave six beautiful water colors by Stephen Reid, R. A., one
of Britain's famous painters, which present two views of Sulgrave
Manor, one of the Village of Sulgrave, another of the little chapel
on the Sulgrave Manor estate in which lie the bones of Lawrence
and Amy Washington, the great-great-grandfather and great-
great-grandmother of George Washington, and also two of the
Washington Manor interior. These pictures will be placed on
exhibition and are to be presented either as a set or singly to
any who shall have given endowments for Sulgrave scholarships,
lectureships, professorships, etc., etc.,
Sulgrave members mourn the decease of three of their fellows,
all sympathetic and helpful to the cause of friendship among
English-speaking peoples — Theodore Roosevelt, twenty-sixth
President of the United States, Lady Paget, born Nellie Stevens
and William Salomon.
Colonel Roosevelt doubted the practicability of a League of
Nations, but he did not doubt that friendship and good under-
standing between America and Great Britain were distinctly
a consummation favorable to the world's welfare.
Lady Paget, with rare qualities of mind and of a superabundant
vitality, which differentiated her from others and made her con-
spicuous in point of service in any movement with which she was
identified, had undertaken, the year before her death, to furnish
Sulgrave Manor in the period of its construction; and this work
she had practically accomplished when her life ended in Paris in
the Spring of 1919.
William Salomon, whose unexpected death bewildered even
his intimates, who did not know that he was seriously ill, was a man
of kindly habit, sweet disposition, with the mind and temperament
of an artist and a poet. His personality exuded graciousness and
good-will. He was of positive service in every cause with which he
identified himself. When he died he had been the Treasurer of
British Day and had accepted the position of Treasurer of the
We shall hold these friends of The Cause in fond memory.
Let it be remembered by all that on December 7 and 8, 1918,
in twenty-six hundred towns and cities, in thousands of pulpits,
in thousands of schools and on thousands of rostrums Americans
nationally paid tribute to British valor, to British determination
and to British high ideals; that the spirit of American friendship
for the British Commonwealth is to be found in this voluntary
act of recognition on America's part of the debt which the world
owes to Britain, rather than what anybody may have said or shall
say. Not by words but by deeds shall friendship be known.
As a further testimonial of friendship the British Day Com-
mittee, presented to King George, through American Ambassador
John W. Davis, and under the signatures of Alton B. Parker,
John Pierpont Morgan, Dr. Chas. W. Eliot, James M. Beck,
Charles Evans Hughes, Charles Phelps Taft, R. A. C. Smith,
Louis J. Reckford, and many others, a handsomely bound scrap
book, containing a carefully edited account of the British Day
THE SULGRAVE INSTITUTION, SULGRAVE MANOR AND
Sulgrave Manor is in process of complete restoration-, and is
being furnished in furniture of the period of its building. Among
the generous contributors to the furnishing of Sulgrave is the
National Society of Colonial Dames. The property as it stands
represents an investment in excess of 3100,000. It is expected
that in the main the work of restoration, which is carrying on
under the able direction of Sir Reginald Bloomfield, R. A., will be
completed so that the beauties of that old historic place will be
fully manifest to the thousands who are expected to visit it during
the Tercentenary celebration, 1920. The Sulgrave Institution of
America, which has already made contributions to the work of
restoration has on hand five thousand pounds as a further con-
tribution, and the American Sulgrave expects also to do its part in
the gathering of an endowment fund for the Manor property.
The estimated amount needed for such an endowment in order to
secure an adequate annual income is 3250,000. This amount will
also include the founding of a permanent Sulgrave lectureship, to
be held in alternate years by an American and an Englishman,
the lectures to be upon some contemporary phase of the de-
velopment of American-British friendship.
ANGLO-AMERICAN NEWS LETTER AND SULGRAVE
Under the able and convincing editorship of Mr. H. S. Perris,
the British Sulgrave has issued two numbers of the Anglo-Ameri-
can News Letter and Sulgrave Bulletin. No. 1 refers to the
progress and development of the British-Anglo-American friend-
ship movement, and No. 2 deals in the main with the Tercentenary
celebration and the unveiling of the Barnard statue of Lincoln,
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Phelps Taft's gift through Sulgrave to the
City of Manchester and the addresses by Judge Parker and our
Honorary Chairman, the American Ambassador. The City of
Manchester has sent to Mr. and Mrs. Taft the following engrossed
"That this Public Meeting thanks Mr. and Mrs. Charles
Phelps Taft, of Cincinnati, Ohio, U. S. A., and records its
appreciation of their generosity in presenting the Barnard
statue of Abraham Lincoln to the City of Manchester, and
desires to assure the donors that the statue will be
maintained and preserved by the citizens, not only as a
memory of one of the greatest of Americans, but as a
symbol of friendship and good-will between the American
people and this City."
Acting under the terms of a resolution introduced at a
meeting of the Board of Governors of The Sulgrave Institution by
Judge Alton B. Parker, and seconded by Charles Stewart Davison,
and others, the following engrossed testimonial was signed by the
officers of the Institution and sent to Mr. and Mrs. Charles Phelps
To Mr. and Mrs. Charles Phelps Taft:
Dear Mr. and Mrs. Taft:
It is the valued privilege of those members of The Sulgrave
Institution standing for our entire membership, and whose names
are signed to this communication, to ask you to receive this testi-
monial as an expression of that obligation to you under which we
feel The Sulgrave Institution to be, for your gift through us to the
citizens of the municipaHty of Manchester, England, of the bronze
effigy of Abraham Lincoln, as designed by George Grey Barnard,
and presented to the people of Manchester, erected on Piatt's
Field, and unveiled in the presence of thousands by Alton B.
Parker, Chancellor of The Sulgrave Institution, and under the
auspices of the Lord Mayor, Lady Mayoress and other officials
and high dignitaries of that great municipality, which, in time
of our dire distress, during a critical period in the Civil War,
stood firmly, under pitiable sacrifice, for the cause of which Ab-
raham Lincoln was champion.
We have the honor to remain.
Your very sincere and obliged friends,
British Bulletin No. 2 also carries announcement of the resig-
nation of Lord Lee of Fareham from the chairmanship of the Com-
mittee on Memorials and Hospitality, and the filling of the va-
cancy by the appointment of Sir Harry Brittain.
TESTIMONIALS OF AMERICAN BRITISH FRIENDSHIP
Excerpts from a Forthcoming Bock by H. S. Perris, Esq., Secre-
tary of The Sulgrave Institution England
Rt. Hon. Arthur James Balfour:
"You ask me for a contribution to the 'Book of British and
American Friendship'. I do not think I can better meet your
wishes than by sending you a copy of the inscription which I
wrote for the wreath which the recent British Mission to America
placed on George Washington's tomb.
It runs as follows:
'Dedicated by the British Mission to the Immortal
Memory of George Washington, soldier, statesman,
patriot, — who would have rejoiced to see the country
of which he was by birth a citizen, and the country
his genius called into existence fighting side by side
to save mankind from a military despotism.'
"I can do no better and say no more."
Rt. Hon. The Viscount Bryce, O. M :
"Five years ago we were preparing to celebrate the 100th
anniversary of that Treaty of Ghent which brought to an end the
last war between the United States and Great Britain. We hoped
that the occasion would enable us not only to rejoice at the long
maintenance of good relations between the two great English-
speaking countries, but also to advise other nations to draw the
proper lesson from the example of two states which had lived
practically without armaments, naval or military, along a frontier
of three thousand miles. But suddenly before the month fixed
for the celebration a terrific thunderstorm of war burst upon the
world, bringing with it horrors and sufferings which have affected
two-thirds of the human race. Such a war seems to throw back
further than ever the prospects of a peaceful progress in civiliza-
tion. Yet for our two peoples one result has emerged.
"It has revealed their essential unity in spirit and in ideals.
"It has shown upon what deep and solid foundations that
Sir William Hearst — Former Prime Minister of Ontario, Dominion
"Canada and the United States are more than ordinary
neighbors. They possess a boundary spanning a continent which
is marred by no fortifications and which for vast distances has no
natural division. In many ways the two peoples come into daily
contact. They mingle freely in religious, social and business life.
They have the same language. Their institutions are based on
the same traditions and they have the same ideals of democratic
government. It therefore required only the occasion of a com-
mon danger to cement them into a more effective alliance than that
of blood and kinship."
Sir George Perley — High Commissioner of Canada in London :
"Although a loyal Canadian with a sincere belief in the
British Empire, I w^as born in the United States and this coopera-
tion (in war) of the two countries has given special pleasure to
me personally. As both our systems of government are of the
democratic type and have the same ideals of justice and personal
liberty, it seems evident that we should always be on the same
side; in fact, we all believe that if these two great English-speaking
nations act together they can control the future of the world in
the interest of civilization and freedom."
Rt. Hon. Sir Edward Carson :
"Anglo-American friendship is a thing that ranks in the order
of nature; it answers the call of the blood. The relations of the
two peoples typify family history.
"Such unity of purpose, springing from common heritage,
must draw ever closer the bond of sympathy on which friendship
to be enduring must rest."
Rt. Hon. J. H. Thomas (Labour M. P.) :
"In the midst of the great European conflict there was one
outstanding ray of hope for the world's future which appeared
so black at the moment. I refer to Anglo-American friendship."
Rt. Hon. Lord Tennyson, — Former Governor General of Australia:
"I believe in the union of the English-Speaking races, and
that this union will make for the betterment of the world."
Rt. Hon. Lord . Weardale — Honorary Treasurer, The Sulgrave
"A common faith has brought us to shed our blood in a
common cause. Companions in sorrow, in patiently accepted
sacrifice and in the varying vicissitudes of a great war, we look
forward with confidence to the same companionship in victory. A
triumph not for our nations alone, but for humanity as a whole.
The fulfillment of a noble aim."
The Very Rev., The Dean of St. Paul's:
"The Anglo-American War Alliance is, I believe, the most im-
portant event of the last five years. So long as it holds, all
English-speaking countries and the whole of South America will
probably be safe from the aggression of any European power and
able to work out their destinies in security. And as a league of
peace I can see no reason why the alliance should not be perpetual."
Dr. Henry Van Dyke :
"The foundations of friendship are vital sympathies, a har-
mony in regard to the great aims and supreme laws of human life;
a mutual respect and confidence, strong enough to survive the
differences of opinion, and disputes, and quarrels which infest all
"This, it seems to me, is the substantial basis of the strong
friendship between the people of the United States of America
and the people of Great Britain."
Major General Leonard Wood:
"The effort of the joint British and American Committee in
the matter of the restoration and preservation of Sulgrave Manor
is one of the many things which are tending to draw Britons and
Americans more closely together. The great war bound us to-
gether with bands of friendship and common interest which never
can be broken. The Allied lines held the common enemy In
check while America made preparation to play her full part in the
war. The associations which will spring up from this service in a
common cause are bound to be lasting and to bring about conditions
which will draw the two peoples into the closest and most en-
Rear Admiral Bradley A. Fiske:
"To every thoughtful American man and woman, England
represents a great combination of civil, naval, and military power,
which guards with singular effectiveness both the freedom of the
individual and the security of the state."
Hon. Theodore Marburg:
"The spread of the British empire has been a gain for the
world. Peopling the waste places and imposing a new order of
society or new system of law on a backward people is a very
different matter from overriding the will of peoples equally en-
President Nicholas Murray Butler, Columbia University:
"The most impressive fact in American life is the substantial
unity of view in regard to the fundamental questions of govern-
ment and of conduct among a population so large, distributed over
an area so wide, recruited from sources so many and so diverse,
living under conditions so widely different. There is an American
type of mind, complex not simple, discernible underneath the
many individual differences that varying conditions of life, educa-
tion, occupation, and climate have brought about. This unity
amid so much diversity is itself a very impressive fact, and the
causes that produced it are important to know.
"The first and chief cause is the extraordinary persistence of the
Anglo-Saxon impulse, which brought the United States of Ameri-
ca into existence. For the origin of that impulse one must go back
to the Teutonic qualities and characteristics of the people so ad-
mirably described by Tacitus in his 'Germania' as 'propiam et
sinceram et tantum sui similem gentem."
President Jacob Gould Schurman, Cornell University:
"It will do our souls good honestly to confess our indebted-
ness to England. In fighting the battle of humanity she has fought
our battle. It was British naval strategy joined with French mili-
tary strategy that saved the world from being overrun by the
lawless and barbarous might of Germany."
President H. P. Judson, The University of Chicago:
"The English language in America means also the common
law, which is at the basis of American jurisprudence; it means the
whole system of free government as understood in England. It
means, in short, that English social, family and political institu-
tions have gone with the languages — that America, with all its
peculiar evolution, has developed along English lines and with the
rich heritages of English thought and of English liberty as the
most precious possession."
Prof. Roland G. Usher, Washington University:
"There are many who for want of a moment's thought do not
realize that the wars and quarrels between the United States and
Great Britain never were at any time, not even during the Revo-
lution, as serious, as real, as the great bulk of differences and
antipathies between European nations."
Hon. William Jennings Bryan :
"I do not know that I can make a more valuable contribution
to the book of British and American Friendship than to call at-
tention to the principal provisions of the treaty between the two
countries, which, as Secretary of State, I had the honor to nego-
tiate. I am glad to have had a part in establishing this bond of
union between the two great English-speakmg nations."
Justice O. W. Holmes, United States Supreme Court : »
"May I say, in view of my profession, that a large part of my
life has been spent in the effort to trace our law to the roots in
your law and in the more ancient traditions from which they both
spring. Remembering too that fifty-six 3'ears ago yesterday
occurred the first action in which I was engaged, and recalling
the thoughts of that time, I may add that in battle as in peace
English ideals and English heroes were present to my mind along-
side with American, as an example and a spur."
Governor Gardner of Missouri :
"It would be wondrous strange if two such peoples, the one
the offshoot of the other, so closely akin in all the elements that
enter into the formation of a national conscience, should not be
found fighting side by side when the ascendancy of democracy
through the world was at stake."
Senator George W. Sutherland:
"The great war came at the end of a century of peace between
the English-speaking nations. The relations of Great Britain and
the United States had grown steadily better, but — latent and more
or less unconscious — there still persisted, to some extent, a senti-
ment of antagonism. With our common origin, language, system
of law, political ideals and mututal respect, under the mellowing
and disintegrating influence of time, this would eventually have
disappeared, but it has now been burned away in an instant by
the hot flame of war.
"Peace between us is much, but when this dreadful shadow
shall have passed, we shall enter upon another century not only of
peace between ourselves, but of international cooperation for the
peace of the world and the liberty of mankind."
Mr. Herbert Hoover:
"The years I have been acquainted with England and English
people have engendered a sincere afl^ection for her and her insti-
tutions, second only to my love for my own country, and I welcome
any contribution which promotes their alliance and strengthens
the bonds of international unity."
Mr. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. :
"In the future more than in the past we must come to know
and to appreciate each other's institutions, purposes and ideals.
We must compare notes and profit by each other's experience; side
by side and shoulder to shoulder must we go forward as brothers
in blood, speaking the same tongue, to establish more securely
in our social, industrial and international life the fundamental
principles of democracy."
Mr. Thomas W. Lamont:
"No matter how complete the victory of the Allies may be,
the peace of the world will never be secure until the American and
British peoples have established an Indissoluble alliance. It is
not so important that this alliance should be expressed in terms
between the two governments as that it should be made clear in a
close and enduring friendship between the peoples of the two
His Eminence, James Cardinal Gibbons:
"Along with the citizens of England, we here in America
inherit the traditions of the same civil and political freedom. The
Great Charter of Liberty, which Cardinal Langton of Canter-
bury and the English Barons wrested from King John, on the plains
of Runnymede, is the basis of our Constitutional liberties. We
share with them in the fruit of their victories."
Rt. Rev. William Lawrence, Bishop of Massachusetts:
"Two great peoples, speaking the same language, breathing
the atmosphere of civil liberty, bound by the same fundamental
principles of law and tradition, are in the nature of the case part-
ners in the promotion of justice and liberty."
SULGRAVE MANOR HOUSE AND THE WASHINGTON
(ry t. pape)
(Published by the Sulgrave Institution of England — price 1 shilling.)
Before describing the house as it now stands, I will briefly
consider the early history of Sulgrave Manor. At the time of the
Domesday Survey, Sulgrave contained fourhides (480 acres) and
was held by tenants under Ghilo, brother of Ansculf. The arable
land was ten carucates, (sufficient for ten ploughs), of which three
were in the lord's possession with one servant, five in the occu-
pation of twenty villeins (bondmen) and six bordars (cottagers),
and the remaining two were probably waste. There were also
eight acres of meadow. Ghilo was progenitor of the Pinkeney
family, and their demesne residence at Sulgrave is most likely
marked by the prominent mound, called Castle Hill, in a close
just west of the present churchyard. The Pinkeneys held the
barony of Wedon, of which Sulgrave was a member, by service of
Castle guard to Windsor; and in the time of Edward I. by sub-
infeudation their estate had become divided into three smaller
manors, those of Culworth, Elington and St. Andrew's Priory.
According to the cartulary of St. Andrew's Priory, Northamp-
ton, Sir Robert de Culworth, in the reign of King John, held a
manor in Sulgrave with a carucate of land and tenants. Members
of the families of Culworth, Montalt, de Trafford, Ardern, Dan-
vers and Crewe held it successively down to 1700, when it was sold
to John Hodges.
The Elington or Leeson manor passed from the Elingtons to
the Stotesburys and when their male line terminated at the be-
ginning of Elizabeth's reign it came to the Leesons by marriage.
In 1564, at the court baron of Lawrence Washington, gent., the
jurors presented that Thomas Leeson helda messuage andavirgate
and a half of land, as heir of Thomas Stotesbury, who had died
since the last court. In 1593 certain lands in Sulgrave were found
to be held of Thomas Leeson, gent., as of his manor of Elington;
and in 1607 this manor was granted by Thomas Leeson and Thomas
his son to Lawrence Makepeace, a grandson of the Lawrence
Washington mentioned above. Eventually this part of Sulgrave
also came into the possession of John Hodges.
The priory of St. Andrew in the town of Northampton held
the other part of Sulgrave manor, and when the priory was dis-
solved in Henry VIII. 's reign it was bought by Lawrence Washing-
ton of Northampton, one of the priory tenants, as the following
abstract of the Letters Patent shows.
LETTERS PATENT re SULGRAVE MANOR
In consideration of £321 14s. lOd. paid to the Royal Treasurer
by Lawrence Wasshyngton of the town of Northampton, he re-
ceived a grant of the Manor of Sulgrave which had belonged to the
Monastery of St. Andrew, with the messuages, mills, etc., in the
towns or parishes of Sulgrave and Woodford; also the close of land
called Millfields now in the tenure of the said Lawrence Wasshyng-
ton and Christopher Thomson in Stutchbury, also certain lands in
Cotton, but a reservation was made in the case of the Rectory of
Sulgrave and the advowson of the vicarage of Sulgrave Church.
In addition the messuages and lands in the parish of Sulgrave which
formerly belonged to the monastery of Catesby and the priory of
Canohs Ashby were granted to the said Lawrence Wasshyngton
in chief by military service, namely, by the thirtieth part of a
knight's fee and payment annually of four shillings and seven-
pence. The possessions in the manor of Sulgrave, in Woodford,
the Millfields of Stotesbury (Stutchbury), and in Cotton were held
by a yearly payment of thirty-one shillings and threepence as
the twentieth part of a knight's fee. A certain annual rent of
eleven shillings and tlireepence issuing from a part of the premises
was to be paid to the Dean and College of Windsor, and similarly
a rent of three shillings and fourpence was payable to the Earl of
Derby. No fee for the Letters Patent was exacted and the Royal
Seal was attached to the grant, dated 10th March, 1539.
Seven years before he bought Sulgrave, Lawrence Washing-
ton had been elected Mayor of Northampton. His parents,
John Washington of Tewitfield, who married Margaret Kytson of
Warton Hall, were natives of North 'Lancashire, and, though
Lawrence was trained to the law and a bencher of Gray's Inn, he
became a wool merchant, through the influence of his uncle. Sir
Thomas Kytson. At Northampton, Lawrence Washington lived
close to his cousin Catherine, daughter of Sir Thomas Kytson and
wife of Sir John Spencer of Althorp, a few miles north-west of the
town. He was twice married; first to Elizabeth, the widow of
William Gough of Northampton, and second to Amee, daughter of
Robert Pargiter of Gretworth, very near Sulgrave. We know of
children only by the second marriage and they were most likely
born at Sulgrave, but we cannot be certain because the registers
now preserved at Sulgrave only date from 1666. His seven daugh-
ters were named Frances, Anne, Elizabeth, Magdalen, Barbara,
Mary, and Margaret; his sons were Robert, Lawrence and two
others, of whom one was most likely named Christopher. In 1545,
Lawrence Washington became for the second time Mayor of
Northampton. The oldest part of Sulgrave Manor house was
most likely built by him. In 1552, along with Thomas Stuttes-
bury, he was concerned in buying from the churchwardens one of
the four bells belonging to the parish church of Sulgrave so that the
roads might be mended. In 1559 Lawrence Washington of Sul-
grave presented a namesake to the neighbouring Rectory of Stotes-
bury. He was most likely a son of Thomas Washington of War-
ton, and therefore, a nephew of the owner of Sulgrave Manor.
In 1564, Amee, the second wife of Lawrence Washington, died and
was buried in Sulgrave Church, where a mutilated grey slab of
Hornton stone still shows the headless efiigy of Lawrence and the
incision for that of Amee his wife. According to his will, made in
October, 1581, and proved in February, 1584, Lawrence Washing-
ton desired to be buried in the south aisle in front of the manor
house pew, and there he was accordingly buried. In his will he
made bequests to Walter Light of Radway, the children of his
brother Leonard Washington, the children of his brother Thomas
Washington, Robert Washington, his son and heir apparent,
Lawrence Washington another son, and Lawrence Washington, son
In 1584, when Robert Washington succeeded to Sulgrave, he
was forty years of age and living at the Manor House with his
wife Elizabeth, daughter and sole heiress of Walter Light of Rad-
way, Co. Warwick. By her he had six sons, Lawrence, Robert,
Walter, Christopher, William, and Thomas, and three daughters,
Amy, Ursula, and Elizabeth. By his second wife, Anne Fisher of
Hanslope, Co. Buckingham, he had three sons, Alban, Guy and
Robert, and three daughters, Mary, Margaret and Catherine.
For twenty-six years Robert Washington enjoyed possession of
Sulgrave, but in 1610, with the consent of his eldest son, Lawrence,
he sold his estates, most of the original Sulgrave grant being bought
by Robert Washington's nephew, Lawrence Makepeace of Chip-
ping Warden, Northants. In the same year the Millfield in
Stotesbury was sold by Robert and Lawrence Washington to
another nephew of Robert's, viz., Simon Heynes of Turweston,
Buckinghamshire. Most likely Robert Washington, who was
getting on in years, stayed on with his nephew at Sulgrave, because
in his will made on 7th February, 1619, and proved on 3rd Janu-
ary, 1620, he wrote: "My body to be buried in the South Aisle of
the church before my seat, where I usually sit, under the same stone
that my father lieth buried under." Robert Washington was the
second and last Washington owner who lived at Sulgrave Manor
House, for his son Lawrence, who w^as concerned in the Sulgrave
sale in 1610, died before his father and was buried at Brington in
LATER LORDS OF SULGRAVE MANOR
In 1610 Lawrence Makepeace of the Inner Temple, London,
and of Chipping Warden, gent., purchased the Sulgrave estate
from his uncle, Robert Washington; and his son, Abel Makepeace,
sold the Manor of Sulgrave in 1659 to Edward Plant, who was
described as gent, of Overston, late of Sulgrave, when he sold the
property in 1673 to the Rev. Moses Hodges of Overton Worton in
Oxfordshire. His son, John Hodges of Sulgrave, gent., in 1700,
purchased from Lord Crewe's trustees the Manor of Sulgrave, in-
cluding, it is presumed the TrafFord and Elington Manors. The
Rev. Moses Hodges, D. D., succeeded to the whole manor, and
from his daughters the manor eventually devolved upon their
relative the Rev. Moses Hodges Bartholomew of Woodstock.
In 1840 the entire manor was bought by the Hon. Henry Hely
Hutchinson of Weston by Weedon, Colonel in Her Majesty's
army, and was the property of his grandson, Arthur Reynell Pack,
Esq., when the manor house and two large fields were bought by
the British Peace Centenary Committee early in 1914.
SULGRAVE MANOR HOUSE
The manor house, at the eastern extremity of the village, is
separated from the road by a field containing some old elms which
formerly may have been part of an avenue. The house, a gabled
limestone building of two stories, with dormer window-s, is made
up of two blocks at right angles, the south south-east part consisting
of a porch and gable, hall and bedroom, all forming part of the
original w^ork. The main entrance was through the porch, which
has a four centred arch under a square head and label. In the two
spandrels are the Washington Arms with the mullets and. bars
sunk instead of in relief, that on the left only having a crescent.
Unfortunately this coat of arms has been damaged by the weather.
.Over the entrance on the outside is a shield embossed in plaster
with the arms defaced, as they have been for at least one hundred
and thirty years. Above this is a window surmounted in the
gable by the Royal Arms, which display the lilies of France and
the lions of England quartered all within the garter and sup-
ported by dexter a lion, sinister a dragon. Over this is some em-
bossed plaster work and the letters "E. R.," and the Tudorrose
and the French fleur-de-lys appear in close conjunction with the
coat-of-arms. Evidently the initials stand for "Elizabeth
Regina." Also inside the porch, embossed roughly in plaster, is a
lion on one side, and on the other a dragon.
The passage, or "screens," from the porch straight through
to the back door was about five feet wide. The original back door
from the "screens", to the court has been removed, and a doorwa}'^
in the style of about 1700 has been substituted a little more to the
east. The original hall, to the east of the "screens" remains, but
it has been divided. Originally it was about twenty-four and a
half feet in length by eighteen feet in width. At the east end is a
fireplace seven feet in width under a mutilated four-centred arch.
The wing w^hich stretches northward at right angles to the old
hall is too far to the west to be part of the original design. It has
no really ancient features in it, and on the ground floor is divided
into an oak staircase, of well worked twisted balusters, an oak-
panelled sitting-room and a kitchen. It is stated that at one time
there was a large arch with a porter's lodge over it to the north-
west of the present hall. If that is true then there must have
been a court on the north side of the hall with wnngs to the east and
to the west of it. The wing to the east would contain the family
apartments and that to the west the kitchen and buttery. The
house was at any rate arranged, and at least partly built, on a
large scale, Perhaps the' original design was never completed,
but from an old account written in 1789 it is known that part of
the old buildings had been just recently pulled down.
THE WASHINGTON GLASS SHIELDS.
From the part pulled down several heraldic glass shields of the
Washington family were removed and hung inside the kitchen
window. At a later date Col. H. Hely Hutchinson removed at
least two of them to Weston Manor House, and six others are now
to be seen in Fawsley Church. In chronological order they rep-
resent: No. 1, Washington; No. 2, Washington impaling Kytson;
No. 3, Washington impaling Pargiter; No. 4, Washington im-
paling Light; No. 5, Washington impaling Newce; No. 6, Wash-
ington impaling Butler; No. 7, Wakelyn impaling Washington;
No. 8, a mutilated Washington coat of arms with a confused com-
bination of Knightley quarters inserted.
THE WASHINGTON GRAVE
The parish church of Sulgrave, dedicated to St. James, and
chiefly built in the decorated style of the fourteenth century, is
situated at the west end of the village. The south porch is
Elizabethan and bears the date 1564. At the east end of the south
aisle is the seat belonging to the owners of the manor house, and in
front of it, on the floor, is a grey slab, which originally had six
brasses let into it. Now there are only three. At the top of the
slab is a thin enamelled plate showing the Washington mullets and
bars, and a crescent denoting the second son can be seen. The
brass inscription, which originally was let into the stone below the
two brass figures, smce a restoration in 1885 has occupied a position
to one side, and reads as follows: —
"Here lyeth buried ye bodys of Laurence Wasshingto
Gent. & Amee his wyf by whome he had issue iiii sons & vii
daught's W'Laurence dyed ye day of an dni & Amee deceased
the vi day of October an dni 1564".
It is evident that the husband put down the slab after his
wife's decease in 1564, and left spaces for the date of his own
death, which occurred in 1584, but was not recorded on the brass
by his successor. Above the old incision where the inscription
used to be, are the headless brass of Lawrence and the incision for
Amee's brass figure, which latter was missing more than one
hundred years ago. Under the inscription used to be representa-
tions of the four sons and seven daughters in two brass groups, but
these were stolen in August, 1889. Below the east window in the
south aisle a replica of the monumental inscription over the
Washington grave has been inserted with then otification: — "This
tablet was erected by representatives of the family, A. D. 1890."
At the restoration in 1885, under the Washington Slab, the only
coffin plate found was one to the memory of Lydia Jackson, who
died in 1741. Her mother's maiden name was Lydia Hodges,
daughter of the Rev. Moses Hodges, owner of Sulgrave Manor in
the earl}^ part of the eighteenth century. The Washington vault
was evidently used by the later owners of the manor.
SULGRAVE'S DEBT TO ST. PAUL'S
Among the practices which are now growing into precedents,
finally, it is hoped, to become custom is the annual service on the
anniversary of George Washington's birthday in St. Paul's
Chapel, New York, where Washington himself worshipped when
New York was the Capital of the new born United States of
America. Two years ago, under the initiative of Col. Brooman,
Dr. McComas, Vicar of St. Paul's, invited the Sulgrave Insti-
tution to inaugurate a special Sulgrave service in honor of W^ash-
ington and American-British friendship, the ceremony to be
followed by a luncheon in the Parish House under the auspices of
the ladies of the congregation.
Sulgrave gratefully accepted; and now that two services
have been successfully held has hopes of establishing this cere-
mony as an annual event, worthily to be graced by the pres-
sence of the President of the United States and other dignitaries,
even as this year, 1920, it was honored by the attendance of Mr.
Marshall, the Vice-President of the United States, the British
Ambassador, the Dutch Minister, Judge Alton B. Parker, Senator
Clark, Jacob H. SchilF, his honor the Mayor of Stratford-on-
Avon, Mrs. Fairfax, Mrs. Atterbury and other distinguished men
Bishop Burch preached the sermon and Dr. Manning and
Vicar McComas assisted.
DOING GOOD WORK
The English Speaking World, a Magazine standing for Amer-
ican-British friendship, published at 11 John Street, under the able
editorship of Messrs. Ernest H. & John A. Bennett and Rev.
Robert Watson, is rapidly working its way into the regard of
American readers, and deservedly so.
Its January number is handsomely illustrated and its text
The Landmark, the British magazine of the English-speaking
Union is also working its way into popular favor.
SULGRAVE'S SETTLED POLICY
It should be understood that Sulgrave's attitude towards
other organization of similar aim is distinctly friendly.
Sulgrave believes that a policy that would consolidate all
these organizations together in the furthering of a good cause, —
either because of the mistaken idea that only a certain social
few are able successfully to carry on a work of public weal, or even
for the reason of overlapping programs — is one not calculated for
the best results in any cause.
If the work that any given organization is doing is being well
done, and that organization is thriving, then by all means, let it
thrive and aid it to grow! It is our duty to help all such work
Reasonable competition moreover is the life of trade, as well
as of all movements of the mind and spirit. It is ideas which give
impetus and vitality to spiritual things; and mentality, plus en-
thusiasm, is worth more than money.
Big financial endowments are helpful only after a movement
has been strongly founded; in the beginning they are harmful.
Competition in the work of furthering American-British
friendship is essential to its well being. The field is ample for all
with original ideas. No field, on the other hand, should be occu-
pied by organizations which are created in mere imitation of others,
which only have ideas which they have cribbed from others, and
whose mission results in jealousies and crowding to the injury
of the cause in hand.
Sulgrave welcomes and will heartily support every original
idea, put out and furthered by any other organization.
The job of fostering good will among English speaking
Peoples is a big one; and Sulgrave lives to cultivate friendships
therein as the first step towards combined effort and success.
Among the purposes for which the Institution is formed are: —
^ To encourage, promote and promulgate the basic sentiments
4f To aid in upholding and maintaining the fundamental insti-
tutions of the English-speaking world and in fostering the ideals
which inspired their creation;
4 To bring together into a closer community of interest those
societies, associations and general organizations, together with all
individuals, that are engaged in any work which tends towards the
understanding of Angle-Saxon-Celtic point of view, culture, laws and
LIBRftRY OF CONGRESS
011 783 012 3