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Full text of "The Sulgrave review"

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Washington 



Sulgrave 3*.eview. 

Bulletin no. 3 [n. d.] 
Hew York-London, 




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PUKSKNTH!) BY 






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The Sulgrave Review 

"Bulletin No. 3 




Published by The Sulgrave Institution, 233 Broadway, New Yorlc, N. Y. 
English Branch, 189 Central Builditigs, London. 



'To foster friendship and to prevent misunderstanding among English-Speaking 
Peoples." — Articles of Incorporation Sulgrave Institution. 



"To celebrate the Century of Peace between America and Great Britain was in- 
deed a peace movement based on common sense. If I again should be nominated 
and elected President of the United States I should make friendship among English- 
Speaking peoples the feature of my foreign policy; indeed, I should go so far as to 
advocate an alliance between America and Great Britain as being, in association with 
France and a number of other countries, the best assurance of world peace for the 
future. — Theodore Roosevelt, to a friend shortly before his death. 



f> 



'If friendship among English-speaking peoples is 

worth striving;.for, is it not also well worth 

having patience and forbearance for?" 







SuLGRAVK Manor Viewed from the Court 



The Sulgrave Review 

Bulletin No, 3 

Published as a Preliminary to the Sulgrave Review, a Quarterly 
standing for American-Briiish friendship. 



SULGRAVE OFFICIAL PERSONNEL 

Charles W. Fairbanks, (deceased), Alton B. Parker, New York, Chancellor 

Honorary Chancellor 

George Gray, Delaware. Honorary Theodore E. Burton, New York, 

Vice Chancellor ^^i<^^ Chancellor 

Brand Whitlock, Ohio, Honorary , l /^- o i i r^i • -t- 

loseph (j. Dutler, Jr., (Jhio, Ireasurer 
Secretary 

Lyman J. Gage, California, Honorary ^ g Humphrey, New York, Secretary 

Treasurer 

Honorary Members Emeritus, ex officio Perley Morse, New'lYork, Chairman 

British Ambassador to the United States Auditing Committee 

American Ambassador to Great Britain 

BOARD OF GOVERNORS 



Honorary Chairman and Member 

ex officio 
Theodore Roosevelt, (In Memoriam) 
William Howard Taft, New Haven, 

Connecticut. 
Charles Evans Hughes, New York 
James M. Beck, New York 
Theodore E. Burton, New York 
Joseph G. Butler, Jr., Youngstown, O. 
Col. Bennehan Cameron, Staggvilie, 

N. C. 
William A. Clark, New York 
Samuel Gompers, Washington, D. C. 
W. O. Hart, New Orleans, La. 
Edward W. Hatch, New York. 
Dr. John Grier Hibben, Princeton, N.J. 
Herbert C. Hoover, Washington, D. C. 
Andrew B. Humphrey, New York 



Alba B. Johnson, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Loomis C. Johnson, St. Louis, Mo. 
Dr. George F. Kunz, New York 
Mrs. Peter W. Meldrim, Savannah, Ga. 
Robert C. Morris, New York 
Alton B. Parker, New York 
General John J. Pershing, 
Louis Livingston Seaman, New York 
Rear .Admiral William S. Sims 
Charles P. Taft, Cincinnati, Ohio 
T. Kennard Thomson, New York 
Dr. Roland G. Usher, St. Louis, Mo. 
George E. Vincent, New York 
W. Lanier Washington, New York 
Major-General Leonard Wood, Chi- 
cago, 111. 
John A. Stewart, New York, Chairman 



3 



OFFICES OF THE SULGRAVE INSTITUTION 

3903 Woolworth Building, 233 Broadway, New York 

OFFICES OF THE BRITISH SULGRAVE INSTITUTION 

189 Central Buildings, 1 Tothill Street, London, England 

CANADIAN PEACE CENTENARY ASSOCIATION 

Hope Chambers, Ottawa, Canada 




SuLGRAVE Chapel, Where George Washington's 
Ancestors are Buried. 



FOREWORD 

THE WHO, WHAT AND WHY OF SULGRAVE 

The Sulgrave Institution takes its name from the Sulgrave 
Manor, the home of George Washington's ancestors in Northamp- 
tonshire, England, which Manor property, including house, out- 
buildings and about ten acres of land, was purchased in 1913 by a 
public spirited body of English men and women, who, to show their 
good-will for their kindred of America, turned the estate over to a 
Board of Trustees to be forever maintained as a place of pil- 
grimage for all who venerate the name of that Colonial English- 
man who became the Father of the American Republic. 

PEACE CENTURY CELEBRATION 

Coincident with the purchase of the Manor, which was an 
item in the program formulated by an International American 
and British Committee organized to celebrate, in 1914-1915, the 
one hundred years of peace among English-speaking peoples 
following the ratification of the Treaty of Ghent, in 1815, the plan 
was conceived of creating ultimately a society to take up perma- 
nently the work of "furthering friendship and preventing misunder- 
standing among English-speaking Peoples and as between them 
and other peoples of good-will." 

HISTORY OF CENTENARY 

It may not be amiss at this point to quote a few words from 
the Year Book of the Centenary Committee as relating the history 
of this endeavor at international good-will: — 

"The movement adequately and properly to celebrate the one 
hundredth anniversary of the ratification of the Ghent Treaty iri 1915, 
which began mformally in 1906, assumed a public status on February 
20th, 1910, through the organization of the American Committee 
for the Celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of Peace 
Among English-Speaking Peoples. 

"The celebration movement derives its inspiration and impetus 
from the fact that, for one hundred years, all disputed questions 
between America and Great Britain have been settled one by one 
by means of diplomacy, or arbitration. This achievement is all 
the more striking when there is taken into consideration the unforti- 
fied frontier of over 5,000 miles which separates the United States 
from its Northern neighbor and friend — Canada. 

5 



"It is natural, therefore, that spontaneously there should have 
grown up a desire in America and throughout the British Empire 
to celebrate this century of peace between two peoples who are 
kindred in language, law, and institutions. 

"And it is desired that all American memorials shall, in senti- 
ment and purpose, be less a commemoration of the past than 
covenants for the future of amity and good-will. 
It has been said in very truth that: 

"The celebration of this anniversary offers the best opportunity 
our age will see for the cultivation of world-wide good-will." 

ORIGIN OF SULGRAVE 

The following quotation may throw some light upon the 
origin of the Sulgrave movement, which matter has been some- 
what in dispute. 

London, England, July 3, 1919. 

"No need to write that I follow the good work of the Sulgrave Insti- 
tution with increasing interest. I wish time and advancing years 
allowed me to do more to help. I recall your earliest efforts, I think 
as long ago as 1906 when you came to Gloucester, Mass., and out- 
lined the project to John Hays Hammond and me. 

(Signed) Moreton Frewen". 
To 

John A. Stewart, 
Woolworth Building, 
New York, N. Y. 
In carrying out this prearranged plan of perpetuating the 
work begun in 1910, a resolution authorizing the creation of "The 
Sulgrave Institution", a society to center in Sulgrave Manor, was 
approved at a meeting of trustees of Sulgrave Manor held at the 
American Embassy in London in March, 1914, Ambassador 
Walter Hines Page in the Chair. Since that time the work of the 
Institution has been going steadily on. The membership of the 
Institution is now about 8500, including its Associate Mem- 
bership; and it represents every English-speaking country. 

On November 8, 1917, the Sulgrave Institution of America 
was incorporated under the laws of the State of New York, under 
a charter which reads as follows: 

CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION OF THE SULGRAVE 

INSTITUTION 

The specific purposes for which the said Institution is formed are: 

First: To foster friendship and to prevent misunderstanding among English 
speaking peoples; 



Second: To inform our mutual peoples in the arts and practices of peaceful 
intercourse, for the benefit of our respective nations, and as a help and an ex- 
ample to all mankind; 

Third: To encourage, promote and promulgate the basic sentiments of 
democracy; 

Fourth: To discuss, to comment upon, to elucidate, explain and interpret 
questions of common interest, in public address and in printed publication; 

Fifth: To bring together into a closer community of interest those societies, 
associations and general organizations, together with all individuals, that are 
engaged in any work which tends towards the understanding of the Anglo-Saxon- 
Celtic point of view, culture, laws and related institutions; 

Sixth: To aid in upholding and maintaining the fundamental institutions 
of the English speaking world and in fostering the ideals which inspired their 
creation; 

Seventh: To maintain buildings, which shall be used as a place of meeting 
and popular assemblage, as a repository of memorabilia, of historic relics, and as 
centers from which can be prosecuted and carried on the work in connection with 
the above-mentioned objects and purposes; 

Eighth: The Institution may, if desirable, pursue its activities in associa- 
tion with the Board of Trustees of Sulgrave Manor, the ancestral home of George 
Washington in Northamptonshire, England, of which Board the American Am- 
bassador to Great Britain is, ex officio. Chairman. 



INCORPORATORS OF SULGRAVE 

(Ex-officio Members Advisory Council) 



William B. Howland 

Aberdeen & Temair 

Wm. C. Demorest 

J. Taylor EUyson 

Bennehan Cameron 

Robert Sharp 

W. O. Hart 

Martin Behrman 

W. Lanier Washington 

Charles P. Taft 

John Grier Hibben 

George F. Kunz 

Louis Livingston Seaman 

Samuel Gompers 



Harry Shaw Perris 
John A. Stewarf 
Joseph G. Butler, Jr. 
Wm. Church Osborn 
Leonard Wood 
Harry L. Brown 
Geo. W. Davis 
Loomis C. Johnson 
Roland G. Usher 
Andrew B. Humphrey 
Alton B. Parker 
William A. Aiken 
T. Kennard Thomson 
Herbert Hoover 



SULGRAVE'S OFFICIAL ROSTER 



ADVISORY COUNCIL 



Charles W. Eliot, Massachusetts, 

Honorary Chairman 
Clark Howell, Georgia, Honorary Vice 

Chairman 
William A. Clark, Montana, Chairman 

Members 
Arthur Capper, Kansas 
Emerson C. Harrington, Maryland 
Theodore G. Bilbo, Mississippi 
Emmet D. Boyle, Nevada 
R. Livingston Beeckman, Rhode Island 
W. P. Hobby, Texas 
Theodore Roosevelt, New York, (in 

Memoriam in perpetua) 
William Howard Taft, Connecticut 
Henry D. Clayton, Alabama 
Pred K. Fleagle, Alabama 
S. H. Fordyce, Arkansas 
Frank Tomlinson, Arkansas 
W. H. Crocker, California 
Franklin K. Lane, District of Columbia 
Samuel Gompers, District of Columbia 
Harry L. Brown, Florida 
Duncan U. Fletcher, Florida 
James F. Ailshie, Idaho 
Jacob M. Dickinson, Illinois 
Ira Nelson Morris, Illinois 
James B. Forgan, Illinois 
John C. Shaffer, Illinois 
George Ade, Indiana 
Charles W. Fairbanks, Indiana 
William Allen White, Kansas 
Robert Sharp, Louisiana 
James Cardinal Gibbons, Maryland 
Theodore Marburg, Maryland 
R. T. Crane, Jr., Massachusetts 
W. M. Crane, Massachusetts 
General Geo. W. Goethals 
Albert Bushnell Hart, Massachusetts 
Augustus Hemenway, Massachusetts 
Sinclair Kennedy, Massachusetts 
Woodbridge N. Ferris, Michigan 
Chase S. Osborn, Michigan 
Cyrus Northrop, Minnesota 



Louis W. Hill, Minnesota 

Arthur L. Weatherly, Nebraska 

Franklin Murphy, New Jersey 

Alexander C. Humphreys, New Jersey 

John Grier Hibben, New Jersey 

D. K. B. Sellers, New Mexico 

George F. Baker, New York 

William Allen Butler, New York 

Edward J. Berwind, New York 

Joseph N. Francolini, New York 

Frederic R. Coudert, New York 

James W. Gerard, New York 

David H. Greer, New York 

Archer M. Huntington, New York 

Charles Evans Hughes, New York 

William A. Manning, New York 

J. P. Morgan, New York 

Jacob H. Schiff New York 

R. A. C. Smith, New York 

N. G. Thwaite, New York 

Norrie Sellar, New York 

John Blair MacAfee, London 

Otto H. Kahn, New York 

George W. Wickersham, New York 

George T. Wilson, New York 

Louis J. Reckford, New York 

A. H. Spencer, New York 

Walter B. Walker, New York 

David Boyle, New York 

John S. Carr, North Carolina 

Judson Harmon, Ohio 

Samuel Mather, Ohio 

Earl W. Oglebay, Ohio 

William Cooper Proctor, Ohio 

Oswald West, Oregon 

W. Harry Brown, Pennsylvania 

Arthur E. Newbold, Pennsylvania 

Charles M. Schwab, Pennsylvania 

S. H. Church, Pennsylvania 

Manuel L. Queson, Philippine Islands 

Henry Clay Ide, Vermont 

Edwin A. Alderman, Virginia 

D. Hamilton Jackson, Virgin Islands 



COMMITTEE ON CHURCH CO-OPERATION 

Rt. Rev. James H. Darlington, Chair- Rev. Chas. A. Eaton 
man Rev. S. Parkes Cadman 

Vice Chairmen 
Rev. William T. Manning 



COMMITTEE ON CO-OPERATION PATRIOTIC ORGANI- 
ZATIONS 

Bennehan Cameron, Chairman 
(186 organizations represented) 

EDITORIAL BOARD 



Henry Cabot Lodge, Massachusetts, 

Honorary Chairman 
Henry Watterson, Kentucky, Chairmaii 
Albert Shaw, NewYork, Vice Chairman 

Members 
Winston Churchill, Vermont 
George Louis Beer, New York 
George Harvey, New York 
Albert Bushnell Hart, Massachusetts 
Henry Sturgis Drinker, Pennsylvania 
George Ade, Indiana 
Milie Bunnell, Minnesota 



Howard Wheeler, New York 
Ralph W. Page, New York 
Frank N. Doubleday, New York 
John Burroughs, New York 
William A. Dunning, New York 
Robert R. McCormick, Illinois 
Henry Van Dyke, New Jersey 
Talcott Williams, New York 
Sinclair Kennedy, Massachusetts 
Major George Haven Putman, 
York 



Nt 



EDUCATIONAL EXTENSION 



Roland G. Usher, Missouri Chairman, 
Edwin A. Alderman, Vice Chairman 

Members 
Dr. John H. Finley 
Dr. James Sullivan 
David Jayne Hill, New York 
Edgar F. Smith, Pennsylvania 
William Arnold Shaklin, Connecticut 
Ira Remsen, Maryland 
H. B. Hutchins, Michigan 
F. A. Hall, Missouri 
Elmer Burritt Bryan, New York 
James R. Day, New York 
S. Parkes Cadman, New York 
Newell Dwight Hillis, New York 
George H. Lorimer, Pennsylvania 



Karl N. S. Howland, New York 

Charles A. Eaton, New York 

Dr. Albert Shaw, New York 

Dr. W. H. P. Faunce, Rhode Island 

Prof. Geo. Trumbull Ladd, New 

Haven, Conn. 
Prof. Albert Bushnell Hart, ex officio 
Matthew Page Andrews, Maryland 
Sinclair Kennedy, Massachusetts 
Rev. N. S. Thomas, Pennsylvania 
Dr. Guy Potter Benton, Vermont 
Rev. Walter F. Greenman, Wisconsin 
Dr. Charles F. Thwing, Ohio. 
Dr. Samuel C. Mitchell, Delaware 
Charles Altschul, New York 
Dr. Robt. Sharp, Louisiana 



INTERNATIONAL HOSPITALITY 



George William Burleigh, New York, 

Chairman 
Bennehan Cameron, North Carolina, 

Vice Chairman 

Members 
George J. Gould, New York 
Larz Anderson, Massachusetts 
Louis K. Liggott, Massachusetts 
Nicholas F. Brady, New York 
Samuel Mather, Ohio 
George Burnham, Jr., Pennsylvania 
Otto H. Kahn, New York 
James B. Forgan, Chicago 
Ogden Mills, New York 
Joseph Leiter, District of Columbia 
L. Gordon Hamersley, New York 
Benjamin Walworth Arnold, New York 
Julius Forstmann, Passiac, N. J. 
Thomas DeWitt Cuyler, Philadelphia, 

Pa. 



William Gammell, Providence, R. I. 

Eugene Delano, New York City 

Mrs. E. H. Harriman, New York 

Mrs. Gustavis S. Wallace, New York 

S. R. Guggenheim, New York 

John H. McFadden, Pennsylvania 

Mrs. Wm. Caleb Loring, Massachusetts 

Thos. D. Neelands, New York 

J. D. Dort, Michigan 

W. A. Clark, Jr., California 

George A. Elliott, Delaware 

Frederick S. Fish, Indiana 

Fred Vogel, Jr., Wisconsin 

Mrs. Charles M. Chapin, New York 

James Parmelee, D. C. 

W. A. Gallup, Massachusetts 

R. H. Downman, Louisiana. 

R. A. C. Smith, New York 

Norvie Sellar, New York 



COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 



James M. Beck, New York, Chairman 

Members 
George William Burleigh, New York 
John Hays Hammond, New York 
Perley Morse, New York 
William Allen Butler, New York 
Henry Clews, New York 
John Blair MacAfee, London. 
N. G. Thwaites, London, 
William Salomon, New York 



Robert C. Morris, New York 

Dr. Louis Livingston Seaman, New 

York 
Alba B. Johnson, Pennsylvania 
Walter Jennings, New York 
Charles McKnight, Pennsylvania 

Ex Officio 
Alton B. Parker 
Theodore E. Burton 
Andrew B. Humphrey 
John A. Stewart 



INTERNATIONAL QUESTIONS 



George Sutherland, Utah, Chairman 
Charles Stewart Davison, New York, 
Vice Chairman 

Members 
Benjamin Ide Wheeler, California 
Vivian M. Lewis, New Jersey 
David Jayne Hill, New York 
Charles Matteson, Rhode Island 
M. Woolsey Stryker, New York 
Myron T. Herrick, Ohio 



Otto H. Kahn, New York 

John R. Rathom, Rhode Island 

Robert Bacon, New York 

J. C. Hemphill, Virginia 

Prof. Geo. Trumbull Ladd, Connecticut 

John L. Severance, Ohio 

Robert Watchorn, Cal. 

Rt. Rev. James Henry Darlinton, Pa. 

A. B. Hepburn, New York 



10 



COMMITTEE ON RELATIONS WITH CANADA AND 
NEWFOUNDLAND 

Chase S. Osborn, Michigan, Chairman Smith M. Weed, New York 

Louis K. Liggett, Massachusetts Wardner Williams, Colorado 

Robert Treat Paine, Massachusetts Fenton M. Parke, New York 

Ansley Wilcox, New York R. Fulton Cutting, New York 

Sherman T. Handy, Michigan William H. Crosby, New York 

Thomas Burke, Washington Veryl Preston, New York 

Samuel Hill, Washington .,, n, t^ i r^ ^. ■ 

T . ^ ,^ Albert M. Uueber, Lanton, (Jhio 

James A. 1 awney, Minnestoa 

James L. Tryon, Maine H. H. Franklin, New York 

W. H. Cowles, Washington S. H. Cox, Cleveland, O. 



LAW AND LEGISLATION 

Judge Edward W. Hatch, New York, Judge Henry Wade Rogers, Connecticut 

Chairman Walter B. Walker, New York 

Members Charles S. Fairchild, New York 

Judge Edgar M. Cullen, New York William Nottingham, New York 

B. B. Odell, New York Charles M. Turner, New York 

COMMITTEE ON MEMBERSHIP 

Loomis C. Johnson, Missouri, Chairman T. Kennard Thomson, New York 

Members John A. Stewart, New York, ex officio 

Robert C. Morris, New York Andrew B. Humphrey, New York 

NATIONAL AFFAIRS 

Charles Phelps Taft, Ohio, Chairman Dr. John M. Thomas, Vermont 

Members Q. Gardner, Maine 

R. Livingston Beeckman, Rhode Island t c m \7 i 

D n- c IV J IT o • James Speyer, New York 

Kollm hi. VVoodruiT, Connecticut . . . 

r :„j^ \\7 T>^^ M v I Gerrit S. Miller, Peterboro, N. Y. 

Lindon vV. hJates, JNew York ' ' 

Charles W. Larmon, New York William Butterworth, Illinois 

PUBLICATIONS 

W. Lanier Washington, New York, John A. Stewart, New York, ex officio 
Chairman A. B. Humphrey, New York, ex officio 

AI embers 
Perley Morse, New York 

RULES AND RESOLUTIONS 

Judge Edward W. Hatch, New York, Chairman Ex-Officio. 
George Sutherland, Utah Alton B. Parker 

Perley Morse, New York John A. Stewart, 

Charles Phelps Taft, New York A. B. Humphrey 

Robert C. Morris, New York Ex Officio 

11 



COMMITTEE ON SCHOLARSHIPS 



Charles Stewart Davison, New York, Dr. Elmer Burritt Bryan, New York, 

Chairman 1st Vice Chairman 

Dr. Robert Sharp, La., 2d Vice Chairman 

SPONSORS FOR SULGRAVE 

Among the members, acting as endorsers of the articles of incorporation, 
with which the Institution started upon its work, are:(ex-officio members advisory- 
council): 



Alabama — Henry M. Edmonds 
Arizona — Edwin W. Wells 
California — Robert Watchorn 
Colorado — Alva B. Adams 
Connecticut — Prof. Henry W. Farnam 
of Yale 

Col. Norris G. Osborn 
Delaware — ^Samuel C. Mitchell, Presi- 
dent, Delaware College 
Florida — Senator Duncan U. Fletcher 
Georgia — W. R. Hammond 
Idaho — Rt. Rev. James B. Funsten 
Illinois — Carter H. Fitz-Hugh 

Dr. Harry Pratt Judson, President, 
University of Chicago 
Iowa — James R. Hanna 
Kansas — George W. Marble 
Kentucky — Col. Henry Watterson 
Louisiana — William Polk 
Maine — Dr. A. J. Robert, President, 

Colby College 
Maryland — Theodore Marburg 

Blanchard Randall 
Massachusetts — Eugene N.Foss 
Michigan — Russell A. Alger 

Truman H. Newberry 
Minnesota — S. R. Van Sant 

Levi Longfellow 
Mississippi — Rt. Rev. Theodore D. 

Bratton 
Missouri — Henry M. Beardsley 

Herbert S. Hadley 

Breckenridge Jones 
Montana — Henry L. Myers 
Nevada — Albert H. Howe 
New Hampshire — Henry C. Morrison 
New Jersey — John Boyd Avis 
New Mexico — Octaviano A. Larrazolo 



New York — Gen. George W. Goethals 
Dr. J. H. Jowett 
Robert C. Pruyn 
Dr. Albert Shaw 
Henry R. Towne 
George W. Wickersham 
Albert Eugene Gallatin 
North Carolina — Walter E. Moore 
North Dakota — George M. Young 
Ohio — Gov. James M. Cox 
Myron T. Herrick 

Charles F. Thwing, President, Wes- 
tern Reserve University 
Oklahoma — Rt.'Rev. Francis K. Brooke 
Oregon — Alfred W. Cauthorne 
Pennsylvania — Vance C. McCormick 
GifFord Pinchot 

Rt. Rev. Philip M. Rhinelander 
Isaac Sharpless, President, Haver- 
ford College 
Rhode Island — Rt. Rev. James DeWolf 

Perry, Jr. 
South Carolina— Dr. J. S. Moffat, 
President, Erskine College 
Dr. Henry N. Snyder, President, 

Wofford College 
Dr. D. D. Wallace 
South Dakota — Dr. H. K. Warren, 

President, Yankton College 
Tennessee — R. W. Austin 

Luke Lea 
Texas— R. F. Milam 
Utah— Glen Miller 

Vermont — Guy Porter Benton, Presi- 
dent University of Vermont 
Dr. John M. Thomas, President, 
Middlebury College 



12 



Virginia — Richard Evelyn Bird 

T. M. Carrington 

Andrew J. Montague 

Gen. E. W. Nichols 
Washington — E. O. Holland, President, 
State College of Washington 



West Virginia — E. S. Baker 



Wisconsin — Rev. 
Wyoming — Rt. 
Thomas. 



Wake 
Rev. 



■ F. Greenman 
Nathaniel S. 



The Honorary Members of the Institution are: 
PATRONS AND FOUNDERS 



Joseph Leiter, Washington, D. C. 
James A. Patten, Evanston, 111. 
H. E. Huntington, New York 
Mrs. E. H. Harriman, New York 
Oliver R. Payne, New York 
S. R. Guggenheim, New York 
W. K. Vanderbilt, New York 
J. D. Rockefeller, Jr., New York 
E. J. Berwind, New York 
Augustus Hemenway, Boston, Mass. 
P. S. DuPont, Wilmington, Del. 
Julius Rosenwald, Chicago, 111. 
R. T. Crane, Jr., Chicago, 111. 
George J. Gould, New York 
Alexander Cochrane, Boston, Mass. 
John Long Severance, Cleveland, O. 
Charles P. Taft, Cincinnati, O. 
Henry Clews, New York 
Charles H. Swift, Chicago, 111. 
William Rockefeller, New York 
Charles Lanier, New York 
Willard E. Case, Auburn, N. Y. 
Miss A. B. Jennings, New York 
R. R. Colgate, New York 
Elbert H. Gary, New York 
Sarah J. MacM. Huntington, Colum- 
bus, O. 
J. D. Dort, Flint, Mich. 
L. Gordon Hamersley, New York 
William Salomon, New York 
Ambrose Monell, New York 
Frank A. Munsey, New York 



N. Morris, New York 
James C. Colgate, New York 
Henry Schniewind, New York 
Mrs. Pierre Lorillard, New York 
Mrs. Charles W. Dustin, New York 
Mrs. Franklin Farrell, Ansonia, Conn. 
William C. Durant, New York 
Frederick F. Ayer, Boston, Mass. 
Alba B. Johnson, Philadelphia, Pa. 
H. H. Franklin, Syracuse, N. Y. 
Jacob Dobson Cox, Cleveland, O. 
William H. Crosby, Buffalo, N. Y. 
Archer M. Huntington, Baychester, 

N. Y. 
Charles Hamot Strong, Erie, Pa. 
James B. Forgan, Chicago, 111. 
James Shewan, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Mrs. Thomas J. Emery, Middletown, 

R. I. 
Manuel E. Rionda, New York 
Henry Denison Burnham, Boston, 

Mass. 
W. A. Clark, Jr., Los Angeles, 'Cal. 
George Burnham, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa. 
H. E. Verran 

Sylvester S. Marvin, Bryn Mawr, Pa. 
William W. Whitman, Boston, Mass. 
Frederick C. Fletcher, Boston, Mass. 
Howard Heinz, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Mrs. Stephen V. Harkness, New York 
Edward S. Harkness, New York 



HEREDITARY MEMBERS 



Joseph G. Butler, Jr., Youngstown, O. 
Lewis L. Clarke, New York 



Arthur Curtiss James, New York 



13 



LIFE MEMBERS 



Francis Lynde Stetson, New York 

Mrs. Thornton K. Lothrop, Boston, 
Mass. 

Veryl Preston, New York 

Thomas F. Vietor, New York 

W. Dixon Ellis, New York 

Arthur E. Newbold, Philadelphia, Pa. 

James Speyer, New York 

Walter Jennings, New York 

Robert Lincoln, Washington, D. C. 

John H. Henry, Lincoln, N. H. 

R. H. Williams, New York 

Henry Wiener, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa. 

C. M. Wooley, New York 

Homer Allison Stillwell, Chicago, 111. 

Clarence M. Clark, Philadelphia, Pa. 

W. E. Connor, New York 

Joseph A. Jeffrey, Columbus, Ohio 

Windsor T. White, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Grant B. Schley, Far Hills, N. J. 

Elizabeth A. Harter, Canton, Ohio. 

Emma B. Auchincloss, New York 

Edward Wiener 

Edmund Randolph, New York 

Julius Forstmann, Passaic, N. J. 

j. H. Wade. Cleveland, O. 
Elizabeth Bradford du Pont, Green- 
ville, Del. 
Harry Sachs, New York 
Samuel Mather, Cleveland, O. 
Franklin Murphy, Newark, N. J. 
Abram Nesbitt, Kingston, Pa. 
Mrs. Gustavus S. Wallace, New York 
William Huntington Perkins, New York 
John C. Shaffer, Chicago, 111. 
Chester A. Braman, New York 
William Butterworth, Moline, III. 
Elizabeth S. Emery, New York 
A. Barton Hepburn, New York 
Mrs. Raymond T. Baker, New York 
Fritz yVchelis, New York 
Arthur P. Clapp, New York 
Walter Lippincott, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Zenas Crane, Dalton, Mass. 
Mrs. Andrew Carnegie, New York 



William Arthur Gallup, North Adams» 

Mass. 
Benjamin Lowenstein, New York 
Frederick A. Juilliard, New York 
William G. Mather, Cleveland, Ohio 
R. J. Reynolds, Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Eugene Delano, New York 
W. H. Miner, Chicago, III. 
Samuel H. Vauclain, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Frederick F. Brewster. New Haven, 

Conn. 
Edgar Philetus Sawyer, Oshkosh, Wis. 
Eleanor de Groff Cuyler, New York 
Howard E. Wurlitzer, Cincinnati, O. 
Peter B. Bradley, Boston, Mass. 
Samuel H. Fordyce, Hot Springs, Ark. 
John D. Larkin, Buffalo, N. Y. 
Mrs. Francis Hubbard Larkin, Buffalo, 

N. Y. 
Benjamin Walworth Arnold, Albany, 

N. Y. 
G. D. B. Bonbright, Rochester, N. Y. 
Robert M. Dunn, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Eldridge R. Johnson, Merion, Pa. 
Samuel H. Wheeler, Bridgeport, Conn. 
George O. Knapp, Fort Ann, N. Y. 
John H. McFadden, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Alva C. Dinkey, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Charles H. Sabin, New York 
E. W. Voight, Detroit, Mich. 
John E. Dwight, New York 
George F. Porter, Washington, D. C. 
John Stambaugh, Youngstown, O. 
M. Orme Wilson, New York 
John Gribbel, Philadelphia, Pa. 
George Burnham, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Louis J. Reckford, New York 
Samuel Rea, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Charles McKnight, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Raymond Pitcairn, Philadelphia, Pa. 
John J. O'Brien, Chicago, 111. 
Henry M. Byllesby, Chicago, III. 
Alexander Brown, Baltimore, Md. 
Thomas DeWitt Cuyler, Philadelphia, 
Pa. 



14 



Abraham L. Erlanger, New York 
Edmund L. Baylies, New York 
C. Oliver Iselin, New York 
John R. Schofield, Chicago, 111. 
Mrs. John Innes Kane, New York 
James Brown Mabon, New York 
Charles H. Strong, New York 
Peter Fletcher, New York 
W. H. Voorhees, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Ambrose Swasey, Cleveland, O. 
S. H. Cox, Cleveland, O. 
Ambler J. Stewart, New York 
Mrs. Charles M. Chapin, New York 
R. H. Downman, New Orleans, La. 
Henry H. Stambaugh, Y'oungstown, O. 
E. L. McClain, Greenfield, 0. 
George F. Baker, New York 
C. A. Grosselle, Cleveland, O. 
Sigmand Ullman, New York ' 
B. W. Campbell, New York 



Robert T. Sheldon, Oakland, N. J. 
Francis Henry Appleton, Peabody, 

Mass. 
Albert Tag, New York 
Willard M. Clapp, Cleveland, 0. 
Susan M. Loring, Boston, Mass. 
Albert M. Dueber, Canton, O. 
Mrs. Amos L. Hopkins, Williamstown, 

Mass. 
Gordon W. Burnham, New York 
William E. Iselin, New York 
Mrs. William Douglas Sloane, New 

York 
W. E. Bock, New York 
Edward Howard Hutchinson, New York 
M. S. Kemmereer, New York 
Laura Amory Lawrence, New York 
Mrs. John W. Stoddard, New York 
George Robert White, New York 



TWENTY YEAR MEMBERS 



Samuel Sachs, New York 
Wm. Gammell, Providence, R. I. 
Estate James Talcott, New York 
William B. Thompson, New York 
Mrs. Patrick A. Valentine, New York 
Simon Guggenheim, New York 
John W. Garrett, Baltimore, Md. 
Andrew Adie, Chestnut Hill, Mass. 
A. A. Sprague, 2nd, Chicago, 111. 
Mrs. Charles A. Chapin, Chicago, III. 
George L. Williams, New York 
George M. Verity, Middletown, Ohio. 
James Parmalee, Washington, D. C. 
Henry R. Towne, New York 
Wm. Seward Webb, New York 
Henry Cabot Lodge, Boston, Mass. 
Miss Isabel H. Lenman, Washington, 

D. C. 
Mrs. G. H. Shaw, Boston, Mass. 
Martin A. Ryerson, Chicago, 111. 
F. Aug. Schermerhorn, New York 
Henry D. Sharpe, Providence, R. I. 
Frank Trumbull, New York 
Mrs. Chas. W. Hubbard, Auburndale 

P. O., Mass. 



George A. Elliott, Wilmington, Del. 
Edward Wright Sheldon, New York 
R. Fulton Cutting, New York 
Irving H. Chase, Waterbury, Conn. 
A. Hecksher, New York 
John N. Willys, Akron, Ohio. 
Florence C. Whitney, 
Daniel Willard, Baltimore, Md. 
Edwin A. Grozier, Boton, Mass. 
Arthur Winslow, Boston, Mass. 
Frank Brewer Bemis, Boston, Mass. 
Fred. Vogel, Jr., Milwaukee, Wis. 
G. Watson French, Davenport, Iowa 
I. Tucker Burr, Boston, Mass. 
H. S. Firestone, Akron, O. 
W. A. Clarke, Montana 
E. W. Hopkins, San Francisco, Cal. 
Frederick S. Fish, South Bend, Ind. 
George Wigglesworth, Milton, Mass. 
Wm. H. Voorhees, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Arthur F. Estabrook, Boston, Mass. 
Geo. Elsworth Dunscombe, 
Walter H. Langshaw, 
Edwin S. Webster, Chestnut Hill, Mass. 



15 



Harold I. Pratt, New York 
Amory Haskell, New York 

TEN YEAR MEMBERS 



Joshua S. Raynolds, Albuquerque, 

New Mexico. 
Vance C. McCormick, Harrisburg, Pa. 



H. C. Chatfield Taylor, Chicago, 111. 
Gerrit S. Miller, Peterboro, N. Y. 



Mrs. Mary E. Conant, New York 
Joseph Lee, New York 



HONORARY ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 



Sir Thomas Lipton 

Rt. Hon. the Earl of Desart 

Rt. Hon. the Lord Desborough 

Rt. Hon. Lord Devenport 

Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Mortimer Durand 

Hon. Sydney Arthur Fisher 

John Galsworthy 

The Very Reverend Daniel Miner 

Gordon 
Admiral Charles Edmund Kingsmill 
Rt. Hon. Lord Lamington 



Most Reverend Cosmo Gordon Lang, 

Archbishop of York 
Sir Sidney Lee 
Hon. Thomas Mackenzie 
Alexander C. Rutherford 
Rt. Hon. Sir Flrnest Mason Satow 
Hon. William T. White 
Alfred Baker 
Sir Thomas Barlow 
Charles James Stewart Bethune 



THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE SULGRAVE MANOR 

(EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS BOARD GOVERNORS 

INTERNATIONAL SULGRAVE) 



Mr. J. P. Morgan 

Major General Leonard Wood 

Joseph G. Butler, Jr. 

Mr. T. Coleman DuPont 

Mr. John A. Stewart 

Earl Spencer 



Viscount Bryce 
Viscount Cowdray 
Sir William Mather 
Lord Weardale 
Sir Harry E. Brittain 
Mr. Robert Donald 



THE SULGRAVE INSTITUTION— BRITISH BRANCH 
BOARD OF GOVERNORS 



Honorary Chairman and Mrmber 

ex-officio: 

H. E. The American Ambassador 

(The Hon. John W. Davis) 
Marquess of Crewe, K. G. 
Earl Curzon of Kedleston, K. G. 
Earl Spencer, K. G. 
Viscount Bryce, O. M. 
Viscount Cowdray 
Lord Weardale 
Rt. Hon. Sir William Mather 
Sir Sidney Lee, D. Litt. 



Sir Harry Brittain, K. B. E., M. P. 
Sir Sam Fay 

Consul-General R. P. Skinner 
Rev. Dr. J. Fort Newton 
The Mayor of Northampton 

Ex-Officio 
Mr. Joseph G. Butler, Jr. 
Dr. L. Livingston Seaman 
Mr. J. Pierpont Morgan 
Gen. T. Coleman Du Pont 
Mr. John A. Stewart 
Major-Gen. Leonard Wood 



16 



Dr. C. Stewart Davison 

Mr. Robert Donald 

Mr. J. L. Garvin 

Mr. John Blair MacAfee 

Mrs. John W. Davis 

Lady (Arthur) Herbert 

Lady Lee of Fareham 

Lady Paget 

Mrs. Woodhull Martin 



Hon. Treasurer: Lord Weardale 
Secretary: H. S. Perris, M. A. 

(to whom inquiries and communica- 
tions should be addressed.) 

■Jssistant Secretary: Miss D. K. Palmer 
Resident Stezvard and Caretaker at Sul- 
grave Manor: Ex-Inspector H. W. 
Pywell 



CANADIAN PEACE CENTENARY ASSOCIATION 

Headquarters — Hope Chambers, Ottawa. 

President, Sir Edmund Walker 
MonoTory Secretary, C. F. Hamilton Organizing Secretary, K. H. Scammell 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 



The President 

The Hon. Sir George H. Perley 

The Hon. Sir William Mulock 

The Hon. Justice Brodeur 

The Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King 

The Hon. Sir Alexandre Lacoste 

The Hon. S. Barker 

The Hon. Senator Dandurand 



Sir Joseph Pope 

Lieut. Col. H. C. Lowther 

Sir George Burn 

J. C. Walsh, Esq. 

Charles A. Magrath, Esq. 

Elias Rogers, Esq. 

The Honorary Secretary. 



17 



DESERVED TRIBUTE TO FRIENDS 

The Sulgrave Review Bulletin would not be complete without 
a reference to the splendid work of the British Sulgrave, under 
the able direction of Lord Weardale, Chairman of the Executive 
and Harry S. Perris, Secretary. Both have long been identified 
with the movement to further friendship among English-speaking 
peoples, and with Lord Bryce, have worthily and indefatigably 
championed the cause with which the international Sulgrave 
bodies have been so conspicuously identified. While many others 
have despaired these three have kept the faith and gone on patiently 
and courageously to meet the future. Now it would seem that the 
crest of the climb had been reached; that the Sulgrave movement, 
against tremendous odds, bitter enmities, reactionary influences, 
without adequate financial support, now rests upon an unshakeable 
foundation. Its great asset is Washington Sulgrave Manor, the 
home of George Washington's forebears, a venerable relic of pil- 
grimage, and a perennial source of inspiration and popular 
support. 

While it is true that the movement to further friendship 
between America and Great Britain began in 1906 in the United 
States it is equally true that the British Committee and the 
British public, when once well into the movement, purchased 
Sulgrave Manor, which was to become the very keystone of the 
Sulgrave Institution arch, the most valuable possession that any 
body entering into the work of furthering friendship among 
English-speaking peoples could possibly have. 

So long as Sulgrave does its work honestly, courageously and 
effectively, all attacks upon its integrity as an institution will fail, 
because the Institution possesses Sulgrave Manor, the home of the 
ancestors of that man who was born an Englishman, reared under 
the Union Jack, but who, hating tyranny, became the great 
champion of a cause which would have failed had he not led it; 
and the climax of his work was the creation of an English-speaking 
and British-buttressed Republic. "First in war, first in peace, 
first in the hearts of his countrymen," is still George Washington. 
It is historic justice that by the act of Dean Inge and Board of St. 
Paul's Cathedral, the efiigy of this great man will be placed among 
the elect of the English-speaking world, equal to the greatest 
that the race has produced. 

18 



To Viscount Bryce, to Lord Weardale, to Secretary Perris, 
to Mrs. Victoria Woodhull Martin, to Robert Donald and also 
to the late Earl Grey, the Sulgrave Movement owes a debt 
which it will be hard to repay. For to these men more than 
to any others is owed the gift of the Manor. Others whom the 
American Sulgrave salutes for services of conspicuous merit are 
Viscount Burnham, Sir Robert Hadfield, Sir Charles Wakefield, 
Mr. Moreton Frewen, Earl Spencer, Sir Arthur Lawley, Lord 
Cowdray, the late Lady Paget, Sir Harry Brittain, Miss Woodhull, 
Lord Lee, Sir Sidney Lee, Viscount Grey, Sir Arthur Herbert, 
Lord Glenconner, Sir Shirley Benn, Sir Reginald Bloomfield, 
John Garvin, Lord Charnwood and Sir Frank Benson, to say 
nothing of the many other upstanding men and women who have 
contributed time and money to the maintenance of Sulgrave 
Manor and the Sulgrave movement. 

Our debt to Canada is equally pressing, and it is also equally 
pleasant to acknowledge the friendship of our co-workers in the 
cause of American-British friendship. Sir Edmund Walker, Sir 
George H. Perley, Lieutenant Colonel Charles Frederick Hamilton, 
the Honorable W. L. Mackenzie King, Sir Alexandre Lacoste, 
Charles A. Magrath, Esq., Sir George Burn, Justice Lyman P. 
DufF, Senator Raoul Dandurand, Justice W. R. Riddell, and in a 
particularly personal way the former Secretary of the Canadian 
Centenary Committee, E. H. Scammell, Esq., whose work in 
helping to rehabilitate the soldiery of Canada has been particu- 
larly effective. 

Viscount Burnham, proprietor of the London Telegraph 
deserves especial commendation and lasting commemoration 
because of his unsparing effort to create an endowment for Sul- 
grave Manor, through an appeal to the British public for financial 
support. 

This fund is notable for reason that it brought into the Sul- 
grave movement as honorary members by reason of gifts and 
expressions of sympathy His Majesty King George and H. R. H. 
the Prince of Wales, who take their place with President Wilson 
Hon. -Chairman of the Sulgrave Lincoln statue presentation 
committee, as the first members of Sulgrave. The British Com- 
mittee is further to be congratulated for the splendid gift of 
Sir George Watson of ^^80,000 to found a permanent chair of 
American History in British Universities. 

America hopes soon to duplicate this benign act. 

19 



EXCERPTS FROM THE CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS OF 
THE SULGRAVE INSTITUTION 

Ailicle IV. 

Divisions and Branches. 
The Sulgrave Institution shall be composed of branch (or local, national) 
Institutions organized in the United States of America, in Great Britain and 
Ireland, Canada, Newfoundland, Australia, British South Africa, Alaska, Hawaii 
and in those other countries and places into which the political jurisdiction of 
United States of America and Great Britain and Ireland extends. 

Article V. 

Local Institutions. 
All local Institutions shall be incorporated under the laws of the country in 
which their respective memberships live, in order that there may be established 
legal responsibility for their acts, severally and collectively. 

Article VI. 

International Institution. 
The Sulgrave Institution (International) shall be created through the es- 
tablishment of a board of control and government, the members of which shall be 
selected by the branch Institutions in the United States of America, and throughout 
the British Empire and to whom, as representing the various constituent bodies, 
powers of action, control and authority shall be delegated to an extent necessary 
to give the International body such freedom of action as should legally be granted 
to it and as may be deemed wise and essential by the constituent bodies. 

Article VII. 

Government and Control. 

Section 1. The government and control of The Sulgrave Intitution 
(International) shall be vested in a Board of Governors of one hundred (100) 
selective members, fifty of whom shall be Americans and fifty of whom shall be 
citizens of the British Commonwealth. The American members shall be selected 
and appointed by the Board of Governors of the branch American Institution and 
the British members shall be chosen in accordance with any plan that may be de- 
vised by the branch Institutions of the British Commonwealth. Any vacancies 
occurring among the American membership shall be filled exclusively through 
action by an American Board of Governors, and any vacancies occurring among the 
British membership shall be filled exclusively through action by the branch Insti 
tutions of the British Commonwealth. A member may be removed for good and 
sufficient cause from membership in the International and in the respective 
local National Boards of Governors by the local National Board of Governors 
concerned whenever complaint shall be made by the Board of Governors of the 
Internationa! Institution to any local National branch. Twenty (20) members 
present in person, or by legal proxy, shall constitute a quorum for the trans- 
action of business. All local National Boards of Governors shall have exclus- 
ive jurisdiction over their own members, and for just cause may remove any 
member. 

Sec. 2. The Board of Governors of one hundred shall be divided as to the 
term of service of the members thereof, into classes of twenty (20) each, one class 
to serve one year, one class to serve two years, one class to serve three years, one 
class to serve four years, and one class to serve five years. Each of the local, 
national Institutions shall classify its own members on the Board of Governors 
of the (International) Institution in accordance with its own selected and ap- 
proved method, which method shall be devised by the respective local, national 
Boards of (juvernors. 

20 



Article VIII. 

Boards of Governors. 

Section 1. The gavernment and control of each local, national branch of 
The Siilgrave Institution shall be vested in a Board of Governors of twenty- 
nine (29) selective members, exclusive of members ex officio. All elective officers 
and chairmen of all standing committees shall be members ex officio of the local 
Boards of Governors. The selective members shall be divided into six classes, of 
which the first class shall consist of five members who shall serve for one year, the 
second class of five shall serve for two years, the third class for three years, the 
fourth class for four years, the fifth class for five years, and the sixth class, of 
four members, shall serve for six years. 

Sec. 3. Chairmen of all local, national Boards of Governors, Chancellors, 
Vice-Chancellors, Treasurers, Secretaries pro forma. Chairmen of Finance Com- 
mittees and Chairmen of Auditing Committees shall be members ex officio of the 
Board of Governors of one hundred. 

Sec. 4. No change shall be made in the personnel of the existing American 
Board of Governors from present date, January 5, 1918, until the (International) 
Board of one hundred (100) and the local Institutions in Canada, Great Britain, 
Australia and Newfoundland shall have been organized. 

Article IX. 

Chairman International Board 

The (International) Board of Governors shall annually select a Chairman pro 
tern., who shall be a member of the Institution, but who need not be a member of 
the Board, who shall serve as Chairman for one year and who may not be a citizen 
of the country in which the meeting is held at which he is chosen. 

Article X. 

International Equality in Committees. 

All International Boards and Committees, standing or temporary, shall be 
composed in equal numbers of citizens of the United States of America and of 
the British Empire. 

Aiticle XL 

Equality in Voting 

All voting in the (International) Institution shall be upon the basis of abso- 
lute equality and the vote in the Board of Governors of the Institution shall 
be upon the basis of fifty (50) votes for the Americans and fifty (50) votes for the 
British, without relation to the number of citizen-members of the respective 
nations that may be present at any meeting. In all other Committees and Boards 
the voting strength of the respective parties shall be equal. In the case of a tie 
in the Board of Governors, the Chairman of the Board shall have the deciding vote 

Article XII. 

International Executive Committee 

Section 1. An Executive Committee often members shall be created, five 
of whom shall be chosen by the Board of Governors of the American Institution 
and five of whom shall be chosen by the Boards of Governors of the respective 
British Institutions, which Committee shall be the active permanent working 
organization of The Sulgrave Institution (International). It shall have such pow- 
ers and authority as may be delegated to it by the Board of Governors of One 
Hundred. Five members present in person, or by proxy, shall constitute a quorum 
of the Executive Committee for the transaction of business. 

21 



Article XIII. 

Jurisdiction of International Board. 

Never in any wise shall the (International) Board of Governors have author- 
ity to assume or to exercise control over, or to dictate to, hranch . national Boards 
of Governors, or to their local constituency, or membership, as regards matters 
of personnel, local policy and finance, or to interfere in any question of purely 
local national jurisdiction. 

It shall be permissible, however, f^r the Board of Governors (International) 
to suggest and to advise in matters of general policy, or of general concern. 

Article XIV. 

Classification of Membership. 

Section 1. There shall be nine classes of members, in all national divisions, 
to wit: 

First: Members Emeritus of Sulgrave; 
Second: Founders of Sulgrave Institution; 
Third: Fellows of the Institution; 
Fourth: Hereditary Members of Sulgrave; 
Fifth: Life Members of the Institution; 
Sixth: Twenty- Year Members of the Institution; 
Seventh: Ten-Year Members of the Institution; 
Eighth: Associate Members of the Institution: 
Ninth: Annual Members of the Institution. 

Sec. 8. Members Emeritus of the International Institution, to the number 
of not more than five each year for America and five for the British Empire, shall 
be chosen as follows: 

(a) The Boards of Governors of the branch Institutions of the United States 
of America and of the British Commonwealth shall respectively elect two of the 
Members Emeritus, the respective Councils of Advisers may select another, 
and members at large of the two great divisions of the Institution may select 
the other two. Two of the persons thus to be chosen shall be citizens of the 
United States of America, two of them shall be citizens of the British Empire and 
the others may be citizens of either of these nations, or of any other country. 

The method of the selection of Members Emeritus by the Boards of Gover- 
nors and the Councils of Advisers shall be laid do.vn and determined by the 
respective Boards acting in conjunction with the respective Councils. 

(b) The method of choosing the other two Members Emeritus, by a poll of 
the members of the Institution, shall be as follows: 

The Secretaries of the respective branch Institutions shall, in accordance 
with a plan to be devised by the respective Boards of Governors, mail to each 
member of the Institution and to each Honorary Member a printed list of names of 
men of superlative standing who shall have been suggesetd by the members, up- 
on written request, and attached shall be a postal card containing space for two 
names; and the members so addressed shall be requested to select and nominate 
two of these so named — and the two persons receiving respectively the highest 
and the next highest number of votes shall be considered to have been selected 
to become Members Emeritus. 

(c) Members Emeritus, Founders, Fellows and Hereditary Members shall 
be formally enrolled with the Institution at the annual meeting on the first Wed- 
nesday of June, and reason publicly given for their preferment. 

(d) Founders of the Institution shall be chosen as follows: 

All those persons who shall have become Charter Members of the Insti- 
tution, including members of the Board of Governors of Sulgrave Manor, and 
first year members of the respective Boards of Governors, Councils of Advisers, 
officials, members of standing committees, and all those persons who have contrib- 

22 



uted the sum of One Thousand Dollars (31,000.00) or more to the support of the 
Institution shall be enrolled as Founders. 

(e) Fellows of the Institution shall be elected from among those persons who 
shall have done some conspicuous service in the cause for which the Institution 
stands, or who shall be engaged in public work, in the service of religion, science 
or politics, or any other field of human endeavor that makes for good-will and bet- 
ter understanding; and all persons who shall have contributed the sum of Seven 
Hundred and Fifty Dollars (3750.00) each for the maintenance of the Institution 
shall be eligible to become Fellows of the Institution. 

(f) Hereditary Members of the Institution shall be chosen from among those 
who have voluntarily engaged in services or who shall have performed some act 
of local significance for the Institution, and all those who shall have contributed 
the sum of Five Hundred Dollars (3500.00) shall be enrolled as Hereditary Mem- 
bers. 

(g) Founders of the Institution, Fellows of the Institution and Hereditary 
Members shall have the privilege of transmitting their membership to some m.im- 
ber of his or her own immediate family. 

(h) Life Members of the Institution shall be enrolled from among those 
members who shall have contributed the sum of Two Hundred and Fifty Dollars 
(3250.00) to the maintenance of the Institution. 

(i) Twenty-Year Members shall consist of those who have contributed the 
sum of One Hundred Dollars (3100.00) for the maintenance of the Institution. 

(j) Ten-Year Members shall consist of those who shall have contributed Fif- 
ty Dollars (350.00) for the maintenance of the Institution. 

(k) Associate Members shall be those who shall represent any society* 
association or organization that shall vote as such to accept membership in The 
Sulgrave Institution. Such society, association or organization may be repre- 
sented by one or more members, who shall pay the same membership fee and an- 
nual dues as the Annual Members, and who shall have the same right to vote in 
the Institution as Annual Members. 

(1) Annual Members shall be those who shall contribute from year to year 
Five Dollars (35.00) each for the support and maintenance of the Institution. 

(m) All members shall pay an admission fee of Five Dollars (35.00) to de- 
fray cost of certificate of membership, and the publications of the Institution for 
the year of the date of their admission. 

(n) Public announcement of the names of newly enrolled Life, Twenty-Year, 
Ten-Year, Associate and Annual Members shall be made monthly, and the names 
of the Life, Twenty- and Ten-Year members shall be made at the annual meeting 
of each local, national Institution. 

(o) Members of the Institution shall be enrolled only through the local 
National Institutions and by such method as may be severally devised. The 
Sulgrave Institution (International) shall be a body without direct membership 
and shall be in all respects the creature of the collective local bodies, deriving its 
powers solely from them and under the authority set forth and provided for in 
Articles IV, V, VI and VII of this Constitution and By-laws. 

Article XV. 

Officers and Their Duties. 

Section 1. The Officers of The Sulgrave Institution (International) shall 
be a Chancellor; two Honorary Chancellors, who, as long as this Institution shall 
endure, shall be respectively the American Ambassador to Great Britain and the 
British Ambassador to America; a Vice-Cnaticellor and an Honorary Vice- 
Chancellor, a Secretary and an Honorary Secretary, a Treasurer and an Honorary 
Treasurer, two Assistant Secretaries, one a citizen of the United States and the 
other a citizen of the British Commonwealth; t vo Curators, one an American 
and one a citizen of Great Britain, of the Institution, who may act for t'le time 

23 



being as executive secretaries, ex officio, of Boards and Committees; two Assis- 
tant Treasurers, representing respectively America and Great Britain; a Board of 
Governors of One Hundred members, and an Honorary Chairman and an Honor- 
ary Vice-Chairman of such Board; a Council of Advisers of Two Hundred mem- 
bers, with an Honorary Chairman and an Honorary Vice-Chairman. 

Sec. 2. The term of office of the Chancellor, Vice-Chancellor, Secretary, 
Treasurer and Honorary Officers shall be one year. 

Sec. 3. The Chancellor of the (International) Institution shall be chosen by 
the Board of Governors acting with the advice ot the Council of Advisers and the 
members of the Institution; and his term of office shall be for one year. The Chan- 
cellor shall not be a citizen, or subject, as the case may be, of the country in which 
the meeting at which he is elected is held. The Vice-Chancellor, who shall be 
chosen in the same manner, at each annual meeting, to serve for one year, must, 
be a citizen or subject of the country in which the meeting at which he is elected is 
held. At the same meeting in which the Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor are 
chosen two Honorary Vice-Chancellors shall be selected. The Honorary Vice- 
Chancellors may be citizens or subjects of any of the countries of which the 
members of the Institution are citizens or subjects. The Chancellor of the Insti- 
tution at the expiration of his one-year term of service may be reelected by the 
unanimous vote of the Board of Governors and the Council of Advisers; otherwise 
the Vice-Chancellor of the Institution shall succeed the Chancellor at the expira- 
tion of his one-year term, and the Board of Governors shall record their votes in 
accordance with the instructions of this section, except for good and sufficient 
cause, which shall be some reason which shall make the selection of the Vice- 
Chancellor to be Chancellor not for the good of the Institution, or of the countries 
of which its members are citizens or subjects. 

Sec. 4. The Chancellor shall not be superseded by the Chancellor-elect 
until after the expiration and adjournment of the annual meeting of the year for 
which the Chancellor was elected. 

Sec. 5. The Chancellor shall preside at the annual meeting of the Insti- 
tution, and he shall be Chairman ex officio of all Boards and Committees and shall 
preside whenever he is present at any meeting of any Board or Committee unless 
he himself voluntarily shall waive his right under this section. 

Sec. 6. At the annual meetings of the Institution the Vice-Chancellor, the 
Honorary Chancellors, the Honorary Vice-Chancellors, the elective officers, the 
Board of Governors, the Council of Advisers, Chairmen of standing committees, 
Members Emeritus, Founders, Fellows and Life Members of the Institution shall 
sit on the dais with the Chancellor. In the event that the Chancellor is obliged 
through illness or other disability to be absent at the time of the annual meeting, 
the Vice-Chancellor shall preside in his place, and in the event of the absence of 
both the Chancellor and the Vice-Chancellor, the Chairman of the Board of 
Governors shall preside. 

Sec. 7. The Secretaries of the Institution shall act at the annual meeting 
and at all formal occasions. In the event of the Secretary's absence at the time 
of the annual meeting, or other meeting, the Honorary Secretary, or one of the 
Curators shall perform the duties of the Secretary. 

Sec. 8. The Treasurer shall be the custodian of the funds of the Institution. 
A Deputy Treasurer shall be elected by the Board of Governors. The Treasurer 
shall be a citizen of the same country in which the Chancellor resides, and the 
Deputy Treasurer shall be a citizen of the country in which the Vice-Chancellor 
resides. It shall be the duty of the Treasurer to see that a proper record of the 
receipts and expenditures of the Institution is kept. .All checks drawn from the 
funds of the Institution shall be signed by the Treasurer, or an Assistant Treasurer, 
or by some designee to whom the Treasurer, or Assistant Treasurer, shall give 
Power of Attorney and for whom they shall be responsible. All checks must be 
countersigned either by the Chancellor, or the Vice-Chancellor, or the Curator, 
or the Secretary, or the Chairman of the Board of Governors, or the Chairman of 
the Executive Committee, or by other person, especially designated for the pur- 

24 



pose. No money shall be paid out except the same shall have been authorized 
by the Board of Governors, or by a quorum of the Executive Committee, as 
hereinafter made and provided. All checks shall bear the approval of the Chair- 
man of the Auditing Committee, or in his absence, by a member thereof. In 
matters of the appropriation of money twenty members of the Board of Governors 
personally present, or by legal proxy, shall constitute a quorum for the transac- 
tion of business. The funds of the Institution shall be divided, and a part of the 
funds kept in some bank in the United States of America, and the other part 
in some bank in Great Britain. The Treasurer and Assistant Treasurer shall file 
with the Board of Governors a semi-annual report of the financial condition of 
the Institution, and the Treasurer shall make a report for the year at the time of 
the annual meeting on the first Wednesday in June. 

Skc. 9. The (International) Institution shall be supported by pro rata con- 
tributions made by each of the national sections that are members of the (Inter- 
national) body, on the basis of respective memberships, which contributions shall 
be made semi-annually, at the time of the annual meeting in June, and upon a date 
six months thereafter of each year. Tire (International) Institution may also 
be supported by an endowment, or endowments, which shall care for the expense 
of its special activities, such as exchange of scholars, lectureships, and other 
media of friendly exchange. 

The various national local bodies shall have exclusive jurisdiction each over 
its own funds; and the (International) body shall have no authority over the local 
body either as to official personnel, membership, or the disposition and distri- 
bution of funds received from its own citizenship. 

Sec. 10. The Boa'rd of Governors shall select two assistants to the Secretary, 
who shall be known as the Curators of the Institution. The Curators shall be 
charged with the custody of all records, documents, memorabilia, books, and the 
like, of the Institution, and they, and the Assistant Curators who may be chosen 
by the respective Boards, shall be charged with the care of the physical properties 
of the respective Institutions and they shall be responsible, under the direction of 
the Boards of Governors, for the upkeep and repair of headquarters buildings 
wherever they may be located. The Curators, and Assistant Curators, shall be 
members of their respective Boards of Editors, both international and local, in the 
preparation of annual reports and of bulletins in relation of pending questions of 
common interest, which shall be published from time to time; they shall make 
collections of documents containing data of common interest and of importance in 
the work of the Institution and branch Institutions. They shall act as librarians, 
shall direct the printing of all publications, and perform all of the services and 
duties, subject to the direction and authority of the respective Boards of Gover- 
nors, which might naturally fall within the scope of the work of a curator and 
librarian. The Curators and Assistant Curators shall be for the time being and 
until otherwise directed by their respective Boards of Governors, the Executive 
Secretaries, ex officio, of all Boards, and they shall, for the time being, be the 
Corresponding and Recording Secretaries of the Institutions and of all Committees 
and Boards. These officers shall be citizens of the United States of America and 
of the British Commonwealth in equal numbers. Other assistant Curators may 
be appointed to represent all the respective countries of the Institution member- 
ship. 

Sec. II. The Curators and the Assistant Curators shall receive such com- 
pensation for their services as may be fixed by the respective Board of Governors. 
Their term of office shall be indeterminate, but shall continue so long as they per- 
form their duties in a manner satisfactory to the Board and to the Institution. 

Sec. 12. Pending the permanent establishment of The Sulgrave Institution 
the Curators that are chosen respectively by the American and British branches of 
the (International) Institution shall act as Secretaries of the Institution, and they 
shall perform the duties of both offices until such time as Boards of Governors 
having jurisdiction over them shall determine. In order that the work of organi- 
zation shall not be delayed. Assistant Secretaries may be appointed with such com- 
pensation as may be fixed by the respective Board of Governors. 

25 



Article XVII. 

Recognition for Service. 

So far as practicable nominations for mambsrship on any board or committee 
shall be made from among those mambars who have been mojt constant in service 
in the development and the advancing of tha inta^rests of the Institution. 

Article XVIII. 

Government of National Institution. 

Section 1. A Board of Governors shall be the governing body of each local 
National Institution. It shall have full authority to engage the services of secre- 
taries, stenographers, clerks, laborers; to fix salaries, and to discharge employees. 
It shall be the custodian of the various f jnds raised by it, moneys given to it by 
gift or received by it from any source whatsoever; and no money shall be paid out 
from any fund for any purpose except under its authorization, spread through 
resolution on the minutes of the proceedings of the Board. It shall be the 
custodian and holder as trustee of all properties of the local national body, shall be 
the arbiter in each local Institution in all matters of dispute, in questions of autori- 
ty involving officers, members, or employees; may amend local Constitution and 
By-Laws by three-fourths of the members of the Board being present in person, or 
by legal proxy, and voting at a meeting especially called for the purpose 30 days 
before the date of meeting; shall fix and determine the proceedings and cere- 
monies at annual, or other meetings; shall invest the funds of the local Institution 
to the best possible advantage for the production of adequate income; and after 
the first year of the existence of the Institution the Board of Governors of the re- 
spective international divisions shall nominate and select members of the (Inter- 
national) Council of Advisers, in reference of which they shall seek the advice of 
their respective members. The Chancellor of each local Institution may be 
Chairman ex officio of local Committees, and may act, when called upon, as 
Chairman whenever present at a meeting of the Board of Governors. Upon all 
other occasions the Chairmen to be selected by the Board of Chairmen shall act 
as Chairmen. 

Sec. 2. The International Board of Governors shall, after the first year of 
the existence of the Institution, select an Executive Committee of ten, with such 
powers as the said Board of Governors may delegate to it except that it shall not 
have the right to amend the Constitution, and which Committee shall serve as 
the permanent working body of the Institution. Five members present in person 
or by proxy shall constitute a quorum for the transaztion of business. 

Sec. 3. The Chancellor, the Vice-Chancellors, the Secretary, the Treasurer of 
the International Institution and Chairman of the Advisory Committee shall 
be members ex officio of the Board of Governors and of the Executive Committee; 
but the Board of Governors shall consist of one hundred members exclusive of the 
ex officio members, and the Executive Committee shall consist of ten appointive 
members, exclusive of the ex officio members consisting of the Chancellor, Vice- 
Chanceiior, Secretary, Treasurer, Chairman of the Board of Governors and Chair- 
rran of the Council of Advisers. The Chairman pro tem. of the Board of Gover- 
nors may be the Chairman of the Executive Committee. 

Sec. 4. The Board of Governors acting through the Executive Committee 
shall select certain of the members of the Institution to sign all checks and cer- 
tain other members of the Institution to have authority to countersign all checks. 
No money shall be paid out by check that is not authorized by the Board of Gover- 
nors, or the Board acting through the Executive Committee. All checks shall 
bear by way of approval the signature of the Chairman of an Auditing Commit- 
tee of three, or of some member of the Auditing Committee designated by its 
Chairman to act in his absence. 

Sec. 5. A Council of Advisers, of two hundred members, shall be created. 
One hundred of these members shall be appointed by the American Board of 

26 



Governors and one hundred by the British Boards of Governors. The respective 
Boards shall nominate and select members of the Council under the following 
classification: A class of thirty-three members to serve for one year; a class of 
thirty-three members to serve two years and a class of thirty-four members to 
serve for three years; and classes to thirty-three, thirty-three, and thirty-four to 
serve respectively for four, five and six years. 

Sec. 6. All vacancies in the Council after the first year period shall be filled 
by the respective Boards of Governors, by and with the advice of the continuing 
five classes. 

Sec. 7. The Officers of the Council of Advisers shall be a Chairman, an 
Honorary Chairman, a Vice-Chairman, an Honorary Vice-Chairman, a Secretary 
and an Honorary Secretary. The Secretary shall be pro forma Secretary of the 
Council, the Executive Secretaries of which shall be the Curators as provided for in 
a previous section. It shall be the duty of the Council of Advisers to meet an- 
nually in formal session upon the first Wednesday of June at the place of the annual 
(International) meeting and at other times, subject to the call of the Chairman, 
or of the Board of Governors, or of the Executive Committee, to discuss pending 
questions of common interest to the countries of which the members are citizens, 
and to the members, as members, to suggest the treatment of subjects for publica- 
tion in the official bulletin, and to advise as to the course of routine of the In- 
stitution in all branches of its work. 

Article XIX. 

International Annual Meeting 

Section 1. The annual meeting of the (International) Intitution shall be 
held alternately m America and in the British Empire. The annual meetings of 
the Board of Governors and of the Council of Advisers shall be held at the same 
tirhe and in the same place as with the Institution; special meetings of the Insti- 
tution, or of the Council of Advisers, or of the Board of Governors, may be held 
in any country, at any time whenever and wherever the Board of Governors shall 
elect. The first formal meeting of the Institution shall be held if possible at Sul- 
grave Manor, in Northamptonshire, on the first Wednesday of June, 1918, and 
upon the following day or days in the City of London, provided this be practic- 
able; or it may be held in the United States of America upon the same day and 
days. The Board of Governors shall meet on the first Tuesday of June, at the 
place of meeting of the Institution, and the Council of Advisers shall also meet at 
the same time; and they shall meet subsequently in joint session at some hour 
on that day, for discussion of matters of common interest. 

Sec. 2. The program of the meeting of the Institution and the routine and 
ceremonv to be followed shall be determined upon, prescribed and fixed by the 
Board of Governors, acting in advice with the Council of Advisers. 

Article XX. 

Permanent Roster of Membership 

Section 1. The name and residence of persons becoming members of the 
Institution shall be posted in books especially prepared to withstand the ravages 
of time, and these books shall become a permanent record of the Institution. So 
far as possible the signatures so entered shall be originals. This matter shall be 
left to the Curator to work out in a satisfactory manner. 

Sec. 2. A Visitors' Book shall be kept at the headquarters of the several 
Institutions, as well as the Sulgrave Manor House, in which names of all visitors 
must be inscribed. 

Artic'e XXI. 

Finance Committee 
A Finance Committee shall be established by the International and each 
branch (National) Institution, with a Chairman and a Secretary, and of which the 

27 



Treasurer shall be Vice-Chairman ex officio. All projects to raise money to meet 
the expense of the operations of the local Sulgrave Institution and estimates of 
the voluntary charges against the local Institution in support of the International 
Institution shall be submitted to the respective Finance Committees for their 
approval; and it shall be the duty of each Finance Committee to undertake the 
raising of funds, although this provision shall not be interpreted as inhibiting in- 
dividual effort in respect of the raising of money. It shall be the further duty of 
the Finance Committees to advise in the investment of the funds of the local Insti- 
tutions, the income from which is used for such purposes as may be determined 
upon by the Board of Governors of the (International) Institution. The Chair- 
man of the Auditing Committee shall be ex officio a member of the Committee. 

Article XXII. 

Audit and Budget Committee 

Committees on Audit and Budget shall be established, to consist of three or 
more members, and of which the Chairman of the Finance Committee shall be a 
member ex officio. It shall be the duty of these Committees to audit all bills and 
accounts and to prepare annually or semi-annually a financial statement for the 
respective International and branch Institutions. A Chairman for the Audit 
Committee shall be chosen by the Board of Governors and he shall be authorized 
to appoint other members of the Committee to such number as he may deem ad- 
visable. It shall be the further duty of each Audit Committee to prepare an 
annual budget, covering the current expense of operations, and so far as practica- 
ble, anticipated and extraordinary expenditures. This budget shall be submitted 
to the Board of Governors for its approval or amendment, and the sanction of the 
Board of Governors shall be necessary before the expenditures can be made in ac- 
cordance with the terms of the budget. 

All checks shall bear by way of approval the signature of the Chairman of the 
Auditing Committee or of some member of the Auditing Committee designated 
by the Chairman to act in his absence. 

Article XXIV. 

Absenteeism. 

Any Governor, who, except for sickness or other good cause, shall absent 
himself from five consecutive regular meetings, unless he shall have obtained per- 
mission so to do from the Board of Governors, or unless he shall present at the 
next regular meeting of the Board an excuse for his absence satisfactory to the 
Board, shall cease to be a Governor and his place may be filled b}^ the Board 
of Governors. 

Article XXV. 

Equality in Management. 

Section 1. So far as practicable, the Advisory Council, the Board of Gov- 
ernors and all other committees, standing or temporary, shall be divided equally 
between citizens of the United States of America and citizens of the British Em- 
pire. Each section, of each country, the citizens of wiiich are eligible to member- 
ship in the Institution, shall have exclusive jurisdiction over all matters affecting 
the membership and work of its own particular body, of the funds which shall be 
raised within its own jurisdiction, and of the personnel of its citizen membership 
in the Institution. Each section may meet from time to time as it may be deemed 
necessary and advisable. Each section shall be organized, so far as practicable, 
upon the same general plan as the International Institution. 

Sec. 2. Each of the national bodies parties to the agreement under which 
The Sulgrave Institution is organized shall elect annually one of their number to 
be their presiding officer for the year, who shall have as his title the designation 
"Chancellor," preceded by the name of the country in which the branch Insti- 

28 



tution is located, as, for example, "American Chancellor," "British Chancellor." 
Two Vice-Chancellors shall also be chosen. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the local Chancellor to preside at the annual 
meeting of the local Institution, which shall be held on the third Wednesday of 
January. 

Sec. 4. The sections of the Institution in the various countries that are 
parties to this agreement shall have as their Constitution and By-Laws, so far as 
they may apply and be effective, the Constitution and By-Laws of The Inter- 
national Sulgrave Institution, and they shall operate under its rules of government. 

Article XXVII. 

Building, Book, and Prize Funds. 

Ten per cent, or more of the revenues of the local Institutions, derived from 
annual dues, from general contributions, from the sale of publications, or from 
any othe source shall be set aside as a special fund, at some future time to be used 
to erect buildings as place of assemblage of the Institution in the various countries 
composing the English-speaking world; and another indeterminate per centum of 
the income of the Institution may be set aside for and devoted to the purchase of 
books, pamphlets, memorabilia, etc., etc., relating to the common concerns of the 
English-speaking world. Another fund shall be created out of which annually 
there shall be given a fixed amount as a grand prize in recognition of some especial 
service or deed relating to better understanding among English-speaking nations, 
or between English-speaking nations and other nations. 

Article XXVIII. 

Memorials at Sulgrave Manor. 

The International Institution shall cause to be erected in Sulgrave Manor 
and in the places of the annual meeting of The Sulgrave Institution a bronze 
tablet containing the names of the Founders of the Institution and the donors to 
the purchase, rehabilitation and maintenance of Sulgrave Manor; and the In- 
stitution through the Board of Governors and the Council of Advisors from time to 
time may cause to be placed in the Sulgrave Manor, or in the Institution head- 
quarters, or in the place of assemblage of The Sulgrave Institution, portraits 
or the sculptured effigies of historic personages, or of persons of great distinction 
who shall have performed some exceptional service for the Institution, or for the 
cause of peace and good-will among English-speaking peoples, or for the cause 
of just peace throughout the world, or who shall have been admitted to member- 
ship in the Institution because of superlative merit. 

Article XXIX. 

Annual Meeting. 

The annual meeting of The Sulgrave Institution shall take place beginning 
with the first Wednesday of June; and as to the place in accordance with the pro- 
visions of Article XIX. 

Article XXXIV. 

Sulgrave Centers of Activity. 

So far as is practicable The Sulgrave Institution shall make Sulgrave Manor 
in Northamptonshire, England, its center for the annual meetings of the Insti- 
tution in England; and whenever in America, or elsewhere, members of the In- 
stitution, or public spirited citizens shall furnish a suitable historic home as a 
meeting place for the Institution, the meetings of the Institution held in America 
shall be centered in such a place; and this shall apply also to other countries where 
it may be desirable to hold sessions of the Institution from time to time. 

29 



Article XXXVI. 

Mission of Sulgrave Institution. \ 

Section 1. Whenever a Board of Governors and Councils of Advisers and 
Officers, or any general group of the Membership of the Institution shall express 
the belief that misunderstanding is likely to arise among the English-speaking 
nations, or between these nations and some other nation, or nations, then the 
Chancellors shall call together in special session the respective Boards of Gover- 
nors, Councils of Advisers and Officers of all Institutions, the meeting of the 
International body to be held in the country raising the issue with another country, 
that is if the pending question lies between nations of the English-speaking 
Peoples, the issue being a matter of common and acute interest; and the Insti- 
tution, thus represented, shall discuss the question, or matter, at issue and shall 
try to arrive at some conclusion which shall mark an entire agreement among the 
peoples represented at the meeting as regards interpretation of the question and 
the means to be used in seeking such a solution by the governments concerned as 
will not result in ill-will and misunderstanding. When the Institution thus repre- 
sented shall have reached a conclusion in reference of the matter at issue between 
the nations, then a public announcement of the fact shall be made in the news- 
papers, in magazines and in a special bulletin to be issued by the press of the In- 
stitution, setting forth the matter at issue, the interpretation which the Institution 
puts upon the issue and what the Institution believes to be a method of honorable 
adjustment. This publication shall be signed by the Chancellor and other officers 
of the Institution and by members of the Board of Governors and the Council of 
Advisers; and thus signed, shall be sent to every member of the Institution with 
the request that he add his signature to the publication, and, if possible, cause it to 
be published in his locality; 

Sec. 2. And the members of the local Institution in any given country may 
meet, discuss and publish its opinion on any issue and in the interests of good-will 
and understanding. 

Sec. 3. In the event that the members of the international, or local, In- 
stitution so called together cannot. at once reach an agreement as to an inter- 
pretation of the issue and the remedy to be applied, then the Chancellors and the 
offictrs of the respective Boards so called together, shall make a collective state- 
tnent as to the issue in words in which all agree and a statement of the remedy to 
be applied and the manner of its application in so far as there is and can be general 
agreement. The statement of matter, or matters of difference, may occupy a 
separate and distinct place in publication, the section so included in publication 
to be plainly indicated as being those parts of the issue in which there is not agree- 
ment, whereupon the local, national Institutions shall refer the whole matter to 
the International Institution, whose decision in the premises shall be final, and 
binding on all local Institutions; and v»'hen a division is observed to be inevitable 
in the International Institution as the result of any discussion and it is evident 
that there will be inability to agree as to interpretation, or terms of settlement, 
then the Chancellor shall put the question For and Against; and each of the two 
sides to the controversy shall choose one of their number and the persons so chosen 
shall agree upon a third person, which three shall act as a Committee of Arbi- 
tration; and the report of the Committee of Arbitration, based upon a majority 
vote, shall he final, and the report shall issue as the report and finding of the In- 
stitution and be so published. 

Note. It may be well in this connection to call attention to the fact that the 
advent of many of the questions of recent dispute between the United States of 
America and other nations were anticipated long in advance of their becoming 
matters of bitter controversy, which questions could have been, as they should have 
been, discussed in advance by bodies of men co.Tipet eat to duscuss t'.iem; could have 
been, as they should have been, interpreted in order that the respective publics in- 
volved might be enabled to understand them intelligently; and hence it would have 
been much ets.ev for the statesmen of t a'o countries joining issue to settle such dis- 

30 



putes without ill-will, or public disturbance. It is in this respect among othei 
respects, that the Sulgrave Institution may and will be of benefit to the world. 

Note: — The names of all benefactors of the Institution will be perpetuatsd 
in a bronze memorial to be established at the Washington Manor in England and 
their names, as well as those of the Sulgrave membership, will be engrossed and 
kept among the permanent records in the archives of the Institution. 

SULGRAVE INSTITUTION'S PLAN AND PURPOSES: 

It is the purpose of The Sulgrave Institution, under plans which were care- 
fully prepared, to confine its immediate work, 

First: To the publication of the Sulgrave Review, a quarterly dealing with 
subjects of current interest and of educational value, dealing with international 
relations; 

Second: To the printing from time to time, of monographs in reference of 
matters of immediate and general interest; 

Third: To the establishment, through public contribution, or private be- 
quest, of 

(a) A Chair to be known as The Sulgrave Institution Lectureship, to be 
filled annually, the occupant to be in alternate years a citizen of America, or of 
the British Commonwealth; 

(b) To establish Chairs of American and British history and of governments 
in universities of America and of the British Dominions. 

(c) A general lectureship bureau to include an exchange of educators; and 
in this particular field it is purposed to use quite largely the moving picture and 
the stereopticon view; 

(d) An exchange of scholars of secondary schools, sending American boys 
and girls, as a reward of merit, to English and Canadain schools, et al., and inviting 
under this foundation, the sending of British, Irish, Canadian, Australian, New 
Foundland and British South Africa pupils to American schools; 

(e) An interchange of working newspaper men, chosen by a Committee of 
American Editors, under which plan it will be possible to invite a number of news- 
paper men of the British Commonweath, or elsewhere, to take up a five year resi- 
dence in the United States for purposes of studying the institutions of the country 
and the manners, customs, and point of view of the American people; and to send 
to the nations of the British Commonwealth and elsewhere American working 
newspaper men, likewise to acquaint themselves with the genius of other peoples, 
in order that they, at the expiration of their period of study, may possess that 
knowledge which is essential in interpreting national life and those things for 
which Peoples stand. 

(f) A maintenance fund for Sulgrave Manor and its corresponding center 
in America, yet to be selected. 

31 



Good-Will Gifts 

(g) Bust of George Washington for St. Paul's Cathedral. 

(h) I Washington statue for Liverpool. 

(i) Lincoln or V/ashington bust for Bristol. 

(j) Lincoln or Washington bust for Southampton, Plymouth, ShefBeldJ 
Edinburgh, Dublin. 

(k) Friendship memorials for Canada, Australia and New Zealand. 
Bust of George Washington for Sulgrave Manor. 

(I) The celebration, from time to time, of historic events — ^such as, in 1920, 
the Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers and the Meeting in Jamestown of the First 
American Legislative Assembly. 



32 



TO CELEBRATE FREE INSTITUTIONS. 



Sulgrave in America and England giving direction to celebrations 

of Landing of Pilgrim Fathers and meeting First 

American Legislative Assembly. 

In June, 1915, at a meeting of the International Orgariiza- 
tion it was decided to make no further attempt to celebrate the 
Century of Peace, but rather to focus effort in the direction of 
celebrating adequately and on an international scale the three 
hundredth anniversary of the Mayflower Compact of the first 
American Legislative Assembly, in Jamestown, Virginia, July 
30, 1619, and also the settlement of Roanoke Island, N. C, 
and the other beginnings and developings of free institutions 
throughout the English-speaking world. 

The underlying intention as regards the celebration was and 
is to impel a great educational movement, which shall bring to the 
apprehension of all peoples, particularly English-speaking, the 
underlying common-sense fairness and beneficence of what we 
call our free institutions. It is purposed through school, college, 
pulpit, legislature, lecture platform and the church, but particular- 
ly through the school and the church, to hold up to the under- 
standing of native and alien alike English-speaking free insti- 
tutions in contrast with those and the practices of the Bolshevist, 
the anarchist and the radical Socialist. 

The present outlook gives promise of such a movement for 
education in support of free liberty-endowed and common-sense 
institutions as the world has never seen. 

In May, 1919, the Sulgrave Institution organized to celebrate 
the Tercentenary as a "Committee of the Whole," and with the 
following changes from its Sulgrave official personnel. 

Thomas R. Marshall, Vice President of the United States, Honorary Chairman. 

His Excellency, the British Ambassador, Honorary Vice Chairman. 

His Excellency, the Minister for the Netherlands, Honorary Vice Chairman. 

William Salomon of New York, (deceased). Treasurer. 

Martm Vogel, of New York, Chairman Finance Committee. 

Dr. John H. Finley, Albany, New York, Chairman Committee on Education. 

Dr. James Sullivan, Albany, New York, Secretary. 

33 



Associated with the American Committee in the plans for the 
celebration is the Anglo-American Society, organized by the 
English Sulgrave, representing Great Britain, with the following 
personnel: 

Field Marshal H. R. H. The Duke of Connaught, K. G., President. 

The Right Hon. Viscount Bryce, 0. M., Deputy-President. 

The Lord Weardale, Executive Chairman. 

Aid. Sir^Charles C. Wakefield, Bart., Ho7i. Treasurer. 

Sir Robert A. Hadfield, Bart., F. R. S., Hon. Treasurer. 

H. S. Ferris, M. A., General Secretary. 

VICE-PRESIDENTS OF THE SOCIETY 

The American Ambassador. 

The British Ambassador in Washington. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury. 

The Lord Chancellor. 

The Archbishop of York. 

Rt. Hon. D. Lloyd George, M. P. 

The Speaker. 

Rt. Hon. A. J. Balfour, M. P. 

Rt. Hon. H. H. Asquith. 

Rt. Hon. Viscount Grey, K. G. 

Rt. Hon. Sir William Mather. 

Cardinal Bourne. 

The President, Free Church Council. 

The Moderator, Church of Scotland. 

The Moderator, U. F. Church of Scotland. 

The Chief Rabbi. 

The Lord Mayor of London. 

The Chairman, London Country Council. 

The Canadian High Commissioner. 

The High Commissioner for Australia. 

The High Commissioner for South Africa. 

The High Commissioner for New Zealand. 

The Vice-Chancellor, Oxford University. 

The Vice-Chancellor, Cambridge University. 

The Vice-Chancellor, London University. 

The President, British Association. 

The President, Royal Academy. 

Executive Committee. 
Lord Weardale, Chairman. 

Finance and Membership Committee. 
Aid. Sir Charles C. Wakefield, Bart., Chairman. 

Education and Universities Committee. 
Lord Glenconner, Chairman. 

34 



Memorials and Hospitality Committee. 
Lord Lee of Fareham, G. B. E., K. C. B., Chairman. 

Publicity and Propaganda Committee. 
Sir Arthur Herbert, G. C. V. O., Chairman. 

GENERAL COMMITTEE OF THE SOCIETY. 



Major Hon. Waldorf Astor, M. P. 

Percy Alden, Esq. 

The Revd. M. E. Aubrey, M. A. 

Rt. Hon. Viscount Bryce, O. M., 
G. C. V. O. 

Rt. Hon. Lord Burnham. 

Lord Henry Cavendish Bentinck, M.P. 

Colonel C. E. Bryan. 

Rt. Hon. Sir John Brunner, Bart. 

The Revd. W. Copeland Bowie. 

Sir A. Shirley Benn, K. B. E., M. P. 

Sir Harry Brittain, K. B. E., M. P. 

Reginald Blomfield, Esq., R. A. 

Edward Price Bell, Esq. 

The Revd. S. M. Berry, M. A. 

J. F. L. Brunner, Esq. 

The Lord Mayor of Bristol. 

Sir Frank Crisp, Bart. 

Venble. Archdeacon Carnegie. 

Revd. John Clifford, D. D. 

Rt. Hon. Lord Charnwood. 

Rt. Hon. Lord Hugh Cecil, M. P. 

Sir W. J. Collins, K. C. V. O. 

John Chapman, Esq. 

Sir Jeremiah Coleman, Bart. 

Revd. Dr. J. Estlin, Carpenter. 

The Master of Christ's College, Cam- 
bridge (Dr. A. E. Shipley.) 

Rt. Hon. Wir W. H. Dickinson. 

Robert Donald, Esq. 

Revd. T. H. Darlow, M. A. 

Major David Davies, M. P. 

Very Revd. W. Moore Ede, D. D. 

Master of Emmanuel College, Cam- 
bridge (Dr. P. Giles). 

Sir Algernon Firth, Bart. 

Rt. Hon. T. R. Ferens. 

Revd. W. T. Fullerton. 

Charles Fenton, Esq. 

Professor I. GoUancz, Litt. D. 



T. R. Glover, Esq. 

Principal Garvie, D. D. 

A. G. Gardiner, Esq. 

The Lord Guthrie. 

Rt. Hon. Lord Glenconner. 

Captain Hon. Fredk. E. Guest. D. S. 

O., M. P. 
Sir Robert Hadfield, Bart, F. R. S. 
Rt. Hon. Viscount Harcourt. 
Rt. Hon. Arthur Henderson. 
Sir Arthur Herbert, G. C. V. O. 
Dr. J. Rendel Harris. 
Silas K. Hocking, Esq. 
Professor F. J. C. Hearnshaw. 
Revd. Dr. Jowett. 
Revd. Monsingor Jackman. 
Sir Oliver Lodge. 
Colonel Lord Lee of Fareham, G. B. K., 

K. C. B. 
Sie Sidney Lee. 
Professor E. S. Lyttel. 
Revd. Dr. F. B. Meyer. 
J. A. R. Marriott, Esq., M. P. 
Professor Gilbert Murray. 
Edward Marshall, Esq. 
Rt. Hon. Sir William Mather. 
Sir Donald MacAllister. 
Wilson Marriage, Esq. 
Mrs. Woodhull Martin. 
Colonel Hon. A. C. Murray, D. S. O., 

M. P. 
Rt. Hon. The Earl of Plymouth. 
Rt. Hon. Sir Gilbert Parker, Bart. 
Dr. A. Ramsa3^ 
Dr. J. Holland Rose. 
Colonel Sir Campbell Stuart. 
H. Gordon Selfridge, Esq. 
Captain Shakespeare. 
John S. Sargent, Esq., R. A. 
Principal Selbie, D. D. 



35 



Rt. Hon. Sir Albeit Splcer, Bart. Revd. F. L. Wiseman, B. A. 

Colonel H. K. Stephenson, D. S. 0., Colonel Sir Clharles Wakefield, Bart. 



H. G. Wells, Esq. 



M. P. 

Rt. Hon. J. H. Thomas, M. P. ,, . t^ 

T} r^ I o Mi7 T-L ^ Major Evelyn Wrench. 

brig, (jeneral H. W. 1 hornton. ^ ^ 

Rt. Hon. Lord Weardale. Miss WoodhuU. 

H. G. Wood, Esq., M. A. Revd. Thomas Yates. 

PROGRAM OF CELEBRATION 

At a meeting in London in April and May, 1919, the following 
outline Preliminary Programme for 1920 Celebration was approved 
by British and American official committees in joint session: 

In Advance. — July 30-31, 1919. Preliminary Commemoration of Meeting 
of First Legislative Assembly, at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619. 

Prep.\ratory Work. — Preparation of moving pictures; preliminary confer- 
ences to prepare propaganda; special lectures for Winter 1919. Conference Com- 
mitte on program to be appointed in England and America; series of Tercentenary 
posters to be designed by leading artists for use during Celebration; publicity 
managers to be appointed; steamship and railway companies to be asked to ad- 
vertise Celebration in their Handbooks and Folders; governments to be asked to 
issue special memorial stamps. 

January TO December, 1920. — Educational Instruction in Schools, Churches, 
and Colleges bearing on the Celebration. Pamphlets and Memoranda to be 
prepared and circulated through Education Authorities and Churches. Lantern 
lectures to be prepared from photographs, etc., and included in W'inter and Spring 
Lecture-Courses 1919-1920-1921. 

May-June, 1920. — Meetings at Scrooby, Austerfield, Boston, Cambridge, 
etc., to celebrate origins of Pilgrim Movement. To be attended b}^ American 
Delegation A. 

July-August 2nd, 1920. — Meetings at Amsterdam, Leyden, Delftshaven, 
and the Hague, to be arranged by Dutch Committee in association with British 
and American Comm.ittees to commemorate sojourn of Pilgrims in Holland and 
their departure. 

August 4th-16th, 1920. — ^Celebration at Southampton, Plymouth, etc., 
and meetings throughout English-speaking World referring to the Sailing of 
the "Mayflower". An American Delegation B. to be asked to attend and 
participate. To culminate in the sailing of a "New Mayflower" ship from South- 
ampton and Plymouth carrying returning American Delegates and also a Brit- 
ish and Dutch Delegation to America via Boston, Mass. 

Septe.mber 2-3, 1920. — Celebration in America, at Provincetown, scene of 
the Mayflower Compact, followed by Reception and celebration in New York 
and Tour of America. 

October 5-12. — Celebration and ceremonies in Virginia. Program to be 
announced later. 

36 



November 9-11, 1920. — Celebration throughout English-speaking World in 
honour of the "Mayflower" Compact — one of the foundation-stones of free 
American Institutions. 

November 24th, 1920. — Universal Celebration of "Thanksgiving Day." 

December 18-20, 1920. — Universal Celebration, including Memorial Church 
Services, of arrival of Pilgrim Fathers at New Plymouth. 

Popular Celebration. — (a) Pageants, (b) Inauguration of Monuments. 
University Functions. Establishment of Lectureships, Scholarships, etc.. Me- 
morial Dramatic and Operatic Performances. Memorial Publications, (c) In- 
ternational Sports, Yacht races, Airplane, Motor Boats, Distance Motor races, 
Polo, Tennis, Golf, etc. (d) Musical Jubike, Concerts, Band Contests, etc. 
(e) Mayors of Towns and Cities of England and America to be invited to es- 
tablish relations with places of similar name. 

Preliminary Programme, Free Church Committee. — Scrooby, Bawtry, 
Austerfield, Gainsboro, Boston, Amsterdam, Leyden, London, Southampton 
Plymouth. 

PLYMOUTH, September 4th, 1920. 

4. P. M., Reception by Lord Mayor. 

4:45 P. M., Procession to the Hoe, Patriotic Songs led by Bands and Choir. 
7:00 P. M., Public Meeting. 
Cinema. 

Saturday, September Sth. 

8:00 A. M., Gathering at Town Hall steps for Covenant. 

9:30 A. M. Quay-side Prayer Meeting. 

3:00 P. M. Open-air Meetings in Public Parks. 

7:00 P. M- Young People's Services and Meetings. 

Monday, September 7th. 

9:30 — 12:30 Conference. Papers and Addresses. 
2:30— 5:00. Pageant. 

LONDON, September 16th. 
Pilgrim Fathers Church. 
Procession. 
Great Meeting in Albert Hall. 

Free Church Plans. — Dr. F. M. Meyer reported upon the Plans of the Free 
Churches for the Pilgrim Fathers Celebration next year. These are appended 
to these Minutes, and were approved, subject to co-ordination with the general 
Programme of the Society. 

The following Suggestions were also approved: — 

(1) That President Wilson be asked to mention the Mayflower Celebra- 
tions in his Annual Proclamations on Thanksgiving Day. 

(2) That at 8 A. M. on the morning of the Tercentenary of the Sailing 
of the "Mayflower" Anglo-Saxons throughout the world be invited to assemble, 

37 



with some ceremony, and with some common invocation for a blessing upon the 
League of Nations, and their resolve to rededicate themselves to the work of 
establishing peace and good-will among men. 

(3) That some substantive and constructive idea be suggested at all May- 
flower meetings, such as the union of Christian Churches and Missionary Societies 
in Britain and America for building up a Christian civilization in all countries 
under the League of Nations. 

Special Stamp Issue. — It was resolved that a Deputation representing the 
Society and the Free Churches' "Mayflower" Committee wait on the Postmaster 
General and urge him to prepare a Special Issue of Postage Stamps Commemor- 
ating the sailing of the "Mayflower" and the foundation of British Institutions 
in Virginia and New England in time for next year's Celebration. 

Sir Frank Benson. — The Secretary was authorized to report to Sir Frank 
Benson the proposal of the Society for next year's Celebration, and to invite Sir 
Frank to submit a Memorandum and Proposals for suitable Pageantry, along 
with suggestions as to how this might be financed. 

HOLLAND TO TAKE PART. 

Recently His Excellency the Minister for the Netherlands 
handed to the Sulgrave Institution, in behalf of the Committee 
for the Netherlands, located at Plantsoen 17, Leiden, Holland, the 
following memorandum in respect of the Netherlands program of 
celebration, which communication conveys an invitation to the 
Sulgrave Institution to send a representative Committee of Ameri- 
cans to participate in the Netherlands event. It may be said in 
this connection that representative committees will also be sent 
to Great Britain next year and that similar committees from Great 
Britain and Holland will become the guests of the Sulgrave In- 
stitution Committee for the Tercentenary. 

NEDERLANDSCHE PILGRIM FATHERS COMMISSIE 
Uitvoererend Comite: 
Voorzitter: prof. dr. F. Pijper 
Secretaris: dr. D. Plooij 
Plantsoen 12, Leiden. 

DUTCH PILGRIM FATHERS CELEBRATION 1920. 
Sunday, August 29th. Preliminary Program. 
LEYDEN. 

Monday, August 30th: 

11 A. M., Reception at the Leyden University, Addresses of welcome by the 
President of the Pilgrim Fathers Commission, and of the Rector of the 
University. Reply by Dr. Rendel Harris (Manchester). Viscount Bryce 
and an American delegate. 

38 



12:30 P. M., Lunch. 

4:00 P. M., First session of the Congress in the Public Town Hall. Speakers: 
English scholar on: England and the Pilgrims, Prof. EekhofF: Holland and 
the Pilgrims, American scholar on: America and the Pilgrims. (The ses- 
sion bears a historical-scientific character.) No discussion. 

7:30 P. M., Reception by the Burgomaster in the "Stadhuis". 
Tuesday, August 31st. (Birthday of Her Majesty the Queen.) 

10: A. M., Public meeting. 

2:30 P. M., Second session of the Congress in the Public Town Hall. 
Names of speakers to be published afterwards. Discussion. 

7:30 P. M., Religious memorial service in the Pieterskerk in which John 
Robinson was buried. Languages: Dutch and English. 

AMSTERDAM. 

Wednesday, September 1st. 

10:00 A. M., Meeting in the "Rijksmuseum". Paper read by 

on: Art of painting in the time of the Pilgrims in Holl. Visit 
to the Bagijnekerk. Unveiling painted window. 

7:30 P. M., Reception by the local Committee of Amsterdam (Programme 
to be worked out afterwards.) 

ROTTERDAM. 

Thursday, September 2nd. 

In the morning from Leyden to Delftshaven, if possible by boat along the 
way the Pilgrims went. 

11:00 A. M., Visit to the havens of Rotterdam. Lunch on board. 

4:30 P. M., Memorial service in the Church in Delftshaven. 

7:00 P. M., Dinner on board, departure for Southampton. 

On Sunday, August 29th, Rev. Wm. Thomson of the English Reformed 
Church at Amsterdam hopes to organize a devotional service in the Bagijnekerk 
at Amsterdam, to which are invited the members of the Congress who might 
already have arrived in Holland. 



39 



1920. 






Thursday, 


July 


15th. 


Friday, 


July 


16th. 


to 






Sunday, 


July 


2Sth. 



APPROXIMATE ITINERARY FOR EUROPEAN TOURS IN 

CONNECTION WITH THE TERCENTENARY OF THE 

PILGRIM FATHERS. 

Specially Prepared for Sulgrave Institution by 

Thos. Cook & Sons, N. Y. 

Due at Cherbourg. By train to Paris. 
In Paris, Sightseeing drives around the city and 
to Versailles and return. Three days' trip 
by train and motor car visiting some of the most 
important battlefields of France particularly 
where American troops fought. Included in 
the trip are Chateau Thierry, Belleau Woods, 
Verdun, Fort Vaux Argonne Forest, Rheims etc 

Monday, July 26th. Daylight trip by rail and steamer from Paris 

to London. 

Tuesday, July 27th. In London Two days' drives included, also 

Wednesday, August 4th. excursion to Windsor, Eton and Stoke Poges. 

Thursday, August 5th. To Cambridge. 

Friday, August 6th. In Cambridge. 

Saturday, August 7th. To Peterborough. 

Sunday, August 8th. In Peterborough. 

Monday, August 9th. To Boston. 

Tuesday, August 10th. In Boston. 

Wednesday, August 11th. To Doncaster. 

Thursday, August 12th. In Doncaster. Side Trip to Scrooby and 

Friday, August 13th. return. 

Saturday, August 14th. To York. 

Sunday, August 15th. In York. 

Monday, August 16th. " 

Tuesday, August 17th. To Edinburgh. 

Wednesday, August 18th. In Edinburgh. Drive included. 

Friday, August 20th. 

Saturday, August 21st. To Aberdeen. 

Sunday, August 22nd. In Aberdeen. 

Monday, August 23rd. 

Tuesday, August 24th. To Edinburgh. 

Wednesday, August 25th. To Leeds. 

Thursday, August 26th. In Leeds. 

Friday, August 27th. To Manchester. 

Saturday, August 28th. In Manchester 

Sunday, August 29th. 

Monday, August 30th. To Sheffield. 

Tuesday, August 31st. In Sheffield. 

Wednesday, September 1st. To Stratford-on-Avon. 

Thursday, September 2nd. Excursions to Warwick, Sulgrave, Shottery, 

Friday, September 3rd. Kenilworth, etc. 

Saturday, September 4th. To Oxford. 

Sunday, September 5th, In Oxford. 

Tuedsay, September 7th. 

Wednesday, September 8th. To Gloucester. 

Thursday, September 9th. In Gloucester. 

Friday, September 10th. To Bristol. 

Saturday, September 11th. In Bristol. 

Sunday, September 12th. 

Monday, September 13th. To Plymouth. 

Tuesday, September 14th. In Plymouth. 

Wednesday, September 15th. Sail from Plymouth. 

40 



SULGRAVE'S CELEBRATION COMMITTEE 



Personnel of Principal Organizations Represented by Special 

Committees to Act With Sulgrave. 
Honorary Members 

G. Glen Toole, Mayor of Macon, Ga. 

T. T. Hyde, Mayor of Charleston, S. C. 

Wallace M. Short, Mayor of Sioux City, Iowa 

George W. Burnisde, Mayor of Sioux Falls, S. D. 

T. A. Potter, Mayor of Macon City, Iowa. 

R. Livingston Beeckman, Governor of Rhode Island 

John M. Grimm, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

National Council of Congregational Churches 

President W. Douglas Mackenzie, Hartford, Conn., Chairman 

Rev. Hubert C. Herring, D. D., New York, Secretary 

Pres. Henry Churchill King, S. D., Oberlin, Ohio 

Rev. Charles F. Carter, D. D., Hartford, Conn. 

W. W. Mills, Marietta, Ohio 

Herbert J. Brown, Portland, Me. 

Van A. Wallin, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. E. H. Byington, D. D., Boston, Mass. 

Lucius R. Eastman, New York, N. Y. 

Rev. Robert R. Wicks, Holyoke, Mass. 

T. C. MacMillan, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. S. Parks Cadman, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

O. J. Hill, Kansas City, Mo. 

Albert M. Lyon, Boston, Mass. 

Colonial Dames of America 

Mrs. T. M. Cheesman, President, New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. W. Herbert Washington, New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Frederick K. Eldridge, Aidsley-on-Hudson, N. Y. 

American Federation of Labor 

Samuel Gompers, President, American Federation of Labor. 

G. W. Perkins, President, Cigarmakers International Union of America, 

Monon Building, Chicago, 111. 
Matthew Woll, Vice-President, American Federation of Labor, 6111 Bishop 

St., Chicago, 111. 

National Society Daughters of the American Revolution 

Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey, President General, Independence, Kansas. 
Mrs. Henry Snowden Bowron, New York, N. Y. 
Miss Emma Crowell, Philadelphia, Pa. 

41 



Colonial Dames of the State of New York 

Mrs. Hamilton R. Fairfax, President, New York, N. Y. 
Mrs. Anson P. Atterbury, New York, N. Y. 
Mrs. Elihu Chauncey, New York, N. Y. 

St. David's Society 

Charles E. Hughes, President, New York, N. Y. 

John Castree Williams, Vice President, New York, N. Y. 

John T. W. Rowe, Vice President, New York, N. Y. 

St. George's Society 

E. F. Darrow, New York 

St. Andrew's Society 

Alexander C. Humphreys, Preside^it, Hoboken, N.,J. 
Alexander B. Halliday, Secretary, New York, N. Y. 
William Sloane, New York, N. Y. 

National Rifle Association of America 

William Libbey, President, Princeton, N. J. 
Richard D. LaGarde, Washington, D. C. 
Fred H. Phillips, Jr., Washington, D. C. 

The Brotherhood of St. Andrew in the United States 

Edward H. Bonsall, President, Philadelphia, Pa. 

G. Frank Shelby, General Secretary, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Old Guard, Veteran Battalion of New York 

Henry L. Stockbridge, Chairman, New York, N. Y. 

National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution 

Louis Annin Ames, President General, New York, N. Y. 

John Milton Reifsnider, Baltimore, Md. 

Elmer M. Wentworth, Camden, N. J. 

Lewis B. Curtis, Bridgeport, Conn. 

George E. Pomeroy, Toledo, Ohio 

Chancellor L. Jenks, Chicago, 111. 

John Leonard Merrill, New York, N. Y. 

William A. Marble, New York, N. Y. 

C. A. Pugsley, Peekskill, N. Y. 

The Knights of King Arthur 

Bliss Forbush, Rtgent, Lebanon, N. H. 

City History Club of New York 

Mrs. A. Barton Hepburn, President, New York, N. Y. 

42 



Fifth Avenue Association, New York, N. Y. 
Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America 
American Unitarian Association, Boston, Mass. 
New York State Historical Association 

James Sullivan, Ph. D., Albany, N. Y. 
Frank H. Severance, L. H. D., BufFalo, N. Y. 
Dixon Ryan Fox, Ph. D., New York, N. Y. 

National Council of the Junior Order of United American 
Mechanics 

Stephen Collins, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Charles Reimer, Baltimore, Md. 
• James L. Witmesh, Washington, D. C. 
M. M. Woods, Philadelphia, Pa. 

General Conference of the Methodist Protestant Church 

Rev. Dr. Lyman E. Davis, President, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Rev. Charles H. Beck, Secretary, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Huguenot Society of America. 

Bishop James H. Darlington, Chairman 
Wm. Mitchell, President-General 
T. J. Oakley Rhinelander, Treasurer-General 
Margaret A. Jackson, Secretary-General 

American Civic Association 

Mr. Arnold W. Brunner, 101 Park Ave., New York City. 

Mr. William N. Garland, Van Nays Bldg., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Mr. Grorge W. Marston, San Diego, Cal. 

Hdn. Lawrence C. Phipps, U. S. Senate, Washington, D. C. 

Mr. Richard B. Watrous, care of Nestles Food Co., 134 William St., New York 

Mr. Frederick A. Delano, 1136 16th St., Washington, D. C. 

Hon. Morton D. Hull, 105 La Salle St. South, Chicago, 111. 

Mr. Victor F. Lawson, 13 No. Wells St., Chicago, 111. 

Colonel Andrew Cowan, 912 Fourth St., Louisville, Ky. 

Mr. Theodore Marburg, 14 West Mt. Vernon Place, Baltimore, Md. 

Mrs. Robert S. Bradley, 411 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, Mass. 

Mr. George B. Dealey, The Dallas News, Dallas, Texas 

Miss E. F. Mason, 1 Walnut St., Boston, Mass. 

Mr. Clinton Rogers Woodruff, No. American Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mr. Charles W. Ames, Pres. West Publishing Co., St. Paul, Minn. 

Mr. George E. Kessler, Security Bldg., St. Louis, Mo. 

Mrs. Stewart Hartshorn, Shorthills, New Jersey. 

Mr. Charles W. Leavitt, 220 Broadway, New York City. 

Mrs. E. T. Stotesbury, 1925 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

43 



STATE ORGANIZATIONS 
New Jersey 

Governor Edge of New Jersey. 

Dr. John Grier Hibben, Princeton, N. J. 

Dr. John Dyneley Prince, Columbia University, New York 

Dr. W. H. S. Demarest, Rutger's College, New Brunswick. 

Mr. Amos E. Kraybill, Asbury Park, N. J. 

Mr .C. B. Boyer, Atlantic City, N. J. 

Mr. P. H. Smith, Bayonne, N. J. 

Mr. George Norris, Bloomfield, N. J. 

Mr. James K. Bryan, Camden, N. J. 

Mr. E. C. Broome, East Orange, N. J. 

Mr. Frederick E. Emmons, Elizabeth, N. J. 

Mr. A. J. Demarest, Hoboken, N. J. 

Dr. Henry Snyder, Jersey City, N. J. 

Mr. David B. Corson, Newark, N. J. 

Mr. J. R. Wilson, Paterson, N. J. 

Mr. H.J. Neal, Phillipsburg, N. J. 

Mr. Henry M. Maxson, Plainfield, N. J. 

Mr. Walter B. Davis, Salem, N. J. 

Dr. Ebenezer Mackay, Trenton, N. J. 

Dr. William A. Wetzel, Trenton, N. J. 

Mr. Henry M. Cressman, Egg Harbor City, N. J. 

Mr. B. C. Wooster, Hackensack, N. J. 

Mr. Louis J. Kayser, Mount Holly, N. J. 

Mr. Charles S. Albertson, Camden, N. J. 

Mr. Aaron W. Hand, Cape May Court House, N. J. 

Mr. J. J.Unger, Bridgeton, N. J. 

Mr. Olivef J. Morelock, Newark, (Essex Bldg.,) N.J. 

Mr. Daniel T. Steelman, Woodbury, N. J. 

Mr. Austin H. Updyke, Jersey City, N. J. 

Mr. Jason S. Hoffman, Flemington, N. J. 

Mr. Joseph M. Arnold, Trenton, N. J. 

Mr. H. Brewster Willis, New Brunswick, N. J. 

Mr. Charles J. Strahan, Freehold, N. J. 

Mr. J. Howard Hulsart, Morristown, N. J. 

Mr. Charles A. Morris, Toms River, N. J. 

Mr. Edward W. Garrison, Paterson, N. J. 

Mr. H. C. Dixon, Salem, N. J. 

Mr. Henry C. Krebs, Somerville, N. J. 

Mr. Ralph Decker, Newton, N. J. 

Mr. A. L. Johnson, Elizabeth, N. J. 

Mr. Howard E. Shimer, Belvidere, N. J. 

Mr. Melvin A. Rice, Altlantic Highlands, N. J. 

Mr. John C. Van Dyke, New Brunswick, N.J. 

Mr. D. Stewart Craven, Salem, N. J. 

44 



Mr. John P. Murray, Jersey City, N. J. 

Mr. Edgar H. Sturtevant, Edgewater, N. J. 

Mr. Thomas W. Synnott, Wenonah, N. J. 

Hon. Ernest R. Ackerman, Plainfield, N. J. 

Mr. Robert Lynn Cox, Montclair, N. J. 

Hon. Calvin N. Kendall, Commissioner of Education, Trenton, N. J. 

Dr. J. J. Savitz, Normal School, Trenton, N. J. 

Dr. Charles S. Chapin, Normal School, Montclair, N. J. 

Dr. W. Spader Willis, Normal School, Newark, N. J. 

Mgr. J. F. Mooney, Seton Hall College, South Orange, N. J. 

Rev. John Dillon, Supt. of Parochial Schools, Newark, N. J. 

Rev. Solomon Foster, Newark, N. J. 

Rev. J. Silberfeld, Newark, N. J. 

Rev. Joel Blau, Trenton, N. J. 

I. N. Reinhart, 532 East 22nd St., Paterson, N. J. 

Mrs. Herbert Turrell, 72 Chestnut Ave., W. Orange, N. J. 

Mr. Henry V. Condict, 217 Roseland Ave., Essex Falls, N. J. 

Mrs. Carl Roebling, 211 W. State St., Trenton, N. J. 

Mr. Harold Murray, Princeton, N. J. 

Mr. Robert M. Boyd, Jr., Montclair, N. J. 

Mr. Arthur Lovell, Plainfield, N. J. 

Mr. John S. Parker, South Orange, N. J. 

Mrs. W. S. Meek, Elizabeth, N. J. 

Mr. Merritt G. Perkins, 140 Third St., Newark, N. J. 

Mrs. E. Barclay Price, Elizabeth, N. J. 

Dr. Alfred L. Ellis, Metuchen, N. J.' 

Mr. John Leonard Merrill, 517 Park Ave., East Orange, N. J. 

Hon. Guy L. Fake, Rutherford, N. J. 

Henry Whipple, Hackettstown, N. J. 

Mr. A. H. Loomis, 18 Princeton PI., Upper Montclair, N. J. 

Ohio 

Hon. James E. Campbell, Columbus, Ohio 

Bishop Theodore L Reese, Columbus, Ohio 

Dr. S. S. Palmer, 49 N. Ohio, Ave., Columbus, Ohio 

Mr. Foster Copeland, Pres., City National Bank, Columbus, Ohio 

Judge James G. Johnson, Supreme Court, Columbus, Ohio 

Colonel E. N. Wilson, Columbus, Ohio 

Mr. Henry A. Williams, Taylor, Williams, Cole & Harvey, Columbus, Ohio 

Mrs. Clara Holmes, 226 Findlay St., Cincinnati, Ohio 

Hon. John E. Bruce, Masonic Temple, Cincinnati, Ohio 

Hon. Lawernce Maxwell, Union Central Bldg., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Mr. Nathaniel D. C. Hodges, Librarian, Cincinnati, Ohio 

A. G. Bookwalter, General Secretary, Y. M. C. A., Cincinnati, Ohio 

Prof. Isaac J. Cox, American History Dept., University of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Mrs. Herman J. Grosbeck, 2173 Grandin Rd., W. H., Cincinnati, Ohio 

Rev. Dan F. Bradley, 2905 W. Fourteenth' St., Cleveland, Ohio 

45 



Miss Hester E. Hosford, 1764 Randor Rd., Cleveland, Ohio 

Hon. Andrew Sqiiier, Leader News Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio 

Mrs. James R. Garfield, 3328-Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio 

Hon. R. H. Baker, Cleveland Plain Dealer, Cleveland, Ohio 

Mr. Samuel Mather, Western Reserve Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio 

Mr. John W. Perrin, Case Library, Cleveland, Ohio 

Mrs. Edward L. Harris, 6719 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio 

Mr. Frank Spaulding, Supt. of Schools, Cleveland, Ohio 

Mrs. George Mcintosh, 2238 Devonshire Drive, Ambler Hts., Cleveland, Ohio 

Hon. William H. Young, Attorney', Dayton, Ohio 

Mr. C. P. Brooke. Eaton, Ohio 

Hon. A. Z. Blair, Portsmouth, Ohio 

Prof. Karl F. Geiser, Oberlin, Ohio 

Dr. E. R. Henning, Bellefontaine, Ohio 

Dr. William F. Reeves, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio 

Prof, Henry S. Lehr, Ada, Ohio 

Mr. John E. Hopley, Bucyrus, Ohio 

Mr. Barton E. Stevenson, Chillicothe, Ohio 

General J. Warren Keifer, Springfield, Ohio 

Colonel T. F. Spangler, Zanesville, Ohio 

Hon. H. C. Van Voorhis, Zanesville, Ohio 

Mr. S. M. Burgess, Cambridge, Ohio 

Mr. John Amos, Cambridge, Ohio 

Hon. D. J. Green, Cumberland, Ohio 

Prof. E. N. Dye, Caldwell, Ohio 

Mr. Edmund B. King, Sandusky, Ohio 

Mrs. Samuel B. Sneath, Tiffin, Ohio 

Mr. Harlan F. Burket, Findlay, Ohio 

Dr. William E. Chancellor, Wooster, Ohio 

Hon. M. R. Denver, Wilmington, Ohio 

Mr. N. C. Wright, Toledo, Ohio 

Mr. W. E. Weygandt, Wooster, Ohio 

Mr. H. E. Conn, Van Wert, Ohio 

Mr. W. K. Maxwell, Akron Times, Akron, Ohio 

Mr. H. S. Firestone, Akron, Ohio 

Col. PL A. Marring, Ironton, Ohio 

Judge James G. Tarbell, Georgetown, Ohio 

Mr. J. Francis LeBaron, Chardon, Ohio. 

Hon. H. W. Coultrap, McArthur, Ohio 

Dr. C. H. Ross, Alliance, Ohio 

Indiana 

Gov. James P. Goodrich, Indianapolis, Indiana 
Frank B. Wynn, Indianapolis, Indiana 
Harlow Lindley, Richmond, Indiana 
James A. Woodburn, Bloomington, Indiana 
Charles W. Moores, Indianapolis, Indiana 
Samuel M. Foster, Fort Wayne, Indiana 

46 



John Cavanaugh, Notre Dame, Indiana 

Charity Dye, Indanapolis, Indiana 

Lew M. O'Bannon, Corydon, Indiana 

Daniel Wait Howe, Indianapolis, Indiana 

William E. English, Indianapolis, Indiana 

John H. HoUiday, Indianapolis, Indiana 

Logan Esarey, Bloomington, Indiana 

C. B. Coleman, Indianapolis, Indiana 

W. W. Sweet, Greencastle, Indiana 

T. F. Moran, Lafayette, Indiana 

L. H. Gipson, Crawfordsville, Indiana 

H. N. Sherwood, Franklin, Indiana 

Wm. O. Lynch, Muncie, Indiana 

W. H. Hamelle, Monticello, Indiana 

Lee Burns, Indianapolis, Indiana 

Carl H. Lieber, Indianapolis, Indiana 

Edgar M. Baldwin, Fairmont, Indiana 

Vida Newsom.. Columbus, Indiana 

C. V. Haworth, Kokomo, Indiana 

J. A. Mott, Seymour, Indiana 

George R. Wilson, Jasper, Indiana 

Genevieve Williams, Huntingburg, Indiana 

Mrs. Rufus Dooley, Rockville, Indiana 

Mrs. Kate M. Rabb, Indianapolis, Indiana 

Charles E. Rush, Indianapolis, Indiana 

John W. Oliver, Indianapolis, Indiana 

Esther U. McNitt, Indianapolis, Indiana 

Lucy M. Elliott, Indianapolis, Indiana 

Miss Drucilla Cravens, Madison, Indiana 

Miss Katherine M. Graydon, Indianapolis, Indiana 

A. R. Markle, Terre Haute, Indiana 

Elmore Barce, Fowler, Indiana 

Wm. H. Mathew, Gary, Indiana 

John L. Forkner, Anderson, Indiana 

George R. Wilson, Jasper, Indiana 

Mrs. Sam Mathews, Tipton, Indiana 

Wm. B. Lindley, Salem, Indiana 

F. A. Miller, South Bend, Indiana 

Howard Roosa, Evansville, Indiana 

L. N. Hines, Indianapolis, Indiana 

Ben F. McKey, Lebanon, Indiana 

J. W. Whicker, Attica, Indiana 

T. J. de La Hunt, Cannelton, Indiana 

George M. Barnard, New Castle, Indiana 

New York 

Hon. Alfred E. Smith, Honoraiy Chairman | 
Hon. Nathaniel Foote, Chairman, Rochester. 

47 



South Carolina Hon. Robt. A. Cooper 
Tennessee Hon, A. H. Roberts, Honorary Chairman 

Pennsylvania Hon. Wm. C. Sproul 

Rhode Island Hon. R. Livingston Beeckman, Honorary Chairman 
Louisiana Hon. R. G. Pleasant, Honorary Chairman 
North Carolina Hon. T. W.Bickett, Honorary Chairman 
Florida Hon. Sidney J. Catts, Honorary Chairman 

(Other states organizing) 



CITY COMMITTEES 
Provincetown, Mass. 

Artemas P. Hannum, Chairman, Board of Selectmen 

James Biram, Chairman, Board of Assessors 

Chas. N. Rogers, Chairman, Overseers of the Poor 

George F. Miller, Centenary M. E. Church 

Daniel M. McKay, Center M. E. Church 

John F. Snow, Church of the Redeemer, Universalist 

Duncan A. Matheson, Church of the Pilgrims 

John Dennis, St. Peter's R. C. Church 

Frank A. Days, Jr , St. Peters R. C. Church 

Judge Walter Welsh, Board of Trade 

Myrick C. Atvvood, Pilgrim Monument Association 

John P. Silva, King Hiram's Lodge, Masons 

Frank S. Miller, Fraternal Lodge, Odd Fellows 

William H. Young, 

John A. Matheson, 2nd. 

Mason City, Iowa 

Mayor A. Potter 
Mr. J. E. Blythe 
Mr. C. H. McNider 
Mr. B. C. Keeler 
Mr. B. C. Way 
Mr. F. J. Hanlon 
Mr. Earl Smith 
Dr. J. W. Daugherty 
Mr. Allen F. Beck 
Mr. Jay E. Decker 
Mr. W. E. Millington 
Mr. E. L. Balz 
Mr. W. G. C. Bagley 



Mr. John A. Senneff 
Mr. G. N. Clark 
Mr. Wm. H. Griebling 
Mr. J. M. Hazlett 
Mr. Wm. F. Huse 
Mr. C. M. Lee 
Dr. W .G. Egloff 
Major O. W. Garman 
Mrs. Laura B. Weston 
Mrs. Wm. B. Wilson 
Mrs. Cora SennefF 
Mrs. T. A. Potter 
Mrs. J. E. Blythe 



48 



Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Mayor Geo. W. Burnside, Sious Palls, S. D. 

Hon. James E. Elliott, U. S. Circuit Judge, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Hon. J. Howard Gates, Judge State Supreme Court, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Hon. Judge J. T. Medin, Judge State Circuit Court, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Hon. C. A. Christipherson, Member Elect of Congress, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Right Rev. Hugh L. Burleson, Episcopal Bishop, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Right Rev. Thomas O'Gorman, Catholic Bishop, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Rev. W. E. Roberts, Presbyterian Minister, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Rev. C. B. Tupper, Christian Church, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Rev. S. H. Orwall, Norwegian Church, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

D. J. Conway, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

C. O. Bailey, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

F. R. Aikens, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Joe Kirby, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Tore Teigen, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

A. B. Fairbanks, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

R. J. Wells, Attorney, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

C. M. Day, Editor, Daily Argus Leader, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

W. C. Cook, Editor, Sioux Falls Press, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Dr. Helen S. Peabody, Principal All Saints School (Episcopal) Sioux Falls, S.D. 

Mrs. Ed Hyde, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Mrs. E. G. Kennedy, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Mrs. Mark D. Scott, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Mrs. A. B. Sessions, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Mrs. G. J. Danforth, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Mrs. A. H. Stites, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Mrs. T. J. White, Club Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Mrs. Roger Dennis, Red Cross Worker, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Mrs. Theo. Norton, Red Cross Worker, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Miss Clara Thompson, Business Woman, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Mrs. T. H. Brown, Womans Relief Corps, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

T. H. Hardimon, City Commissioner, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

John Mundt, City Commissioner, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

W. L. Baker, Banker, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

C. E. McKinney, Banker. Sioux Falls, S. D. 

F. H. Johnson, Banker, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

C. W. Thompson, Banker, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Geo. M. Foster, Vice-President Morrell Packing Co., Sioux Falls, S. D. 

H. C. Freese, Merchant, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Geo. T. Blackman, Money Loaner, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Geo. A. Pettygrew, Grand Secretary, Masonic Bodies, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

H. F. Brownell, Automobile Dealer, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

D. C. Jewett, Wholesale Grocer, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

A. R. Fellows, Wholesale Drugs, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

E. D. Putnam, Doctor, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

B. S. Reardon, Wholesale Hardware, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

49 



Thomas Shealey, Railroad Engineer, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

L. F. Craig, Salesman, Sioux Falls, N. Y. 

H. Hornby, Physician, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

M. J. McCaffrey, Head of Labor Organization, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

F. J. Watson, Real Estate, Sioux Falls, S. D. 

Brockton, Mass. 

Mr. Harry H. Williams, 18 Newton St., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. George W. Alden, 11 Newbury St., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. James T. Corcoran, 42 School St., Brockton, Mass. 
Edward Gilmore, Postmaster, Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. Bernard Winslow, 99 Belcher Ave., Brockton, Mass. 
I. Manuel Rubin, Lawyer, 231 Main St., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. Fred B. Howard, 56 Arlington St., Brockton, M: 
Mr. Charles P. Holland, 32 Green St., Brockton, M: 
Calvin R. Barrett, City Clerk, Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. Leland W. Snow, 408 Ash St., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. Frank A. Manning, S7 Mulberry St., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. Roger Keith, 65 South St., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. George Leach, 50 South St., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. Charles Hillberg, 81 Hillberg Ave., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. Charles Kickey, 12 Doris Ave., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. John P. Meade, 28 Weston St., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. William S. Barford, 146 Cherry St., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. Horace Kingman, 112 Summer St., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. John F. Scully, 299 Ash St., Brockton, Mass. 
Maurice Murphy, Lawyer, 231 Main St., Brockton, Mass. 
Mr. Andrew L. Hunter, 350 Spring St., Brockton, Mass. 



lass, 
lass. 



Macon, Ga. 

Mayor Toole, Hon. Chairman 
Mrs. W. P. Coleman 
Mrs. McEuen Johnston 
Mrs. Cecil Morgan 
Mrs. G. Troup Howard 
Mrs. R. L. Smith 
Mrs. H. M. Wortham 
Mrs. Hubert Duckworth 
Mrs. E. W. Bellamy 
Mrs. Bruce C. Jones 
Mrs. Duncan M. Brown 
Mrs. E. W. Gould 
Mrs. Walter A. Harris 
Mrs. Cooper Winn, Jr., 
Mrs. John M. Cutler 
Mrs. Joseph N. Noel 
Mrs. Mary Ayes Harris 



Mr. G. E. Paine 
Mr. J. D. Crump 
Mr. R. H. Mason 
Mr. Harry Robert 
Mr. R. L. McKinney 
Mr. George H. Long 
Mr. Luther Williams 
Mr. H. N. Wortham 
Mr. G. Troup Howard 
Mr. F. H. Powers 
Mr. John Streyer 
Mr. C. B. Lewis 
Mr. Jesse B. Hart 
Mr. R. F. Burden 
Mr. Joe H. Noel 
Mr. John T. Moore 
Mr. Eden Taylor, Jr. 



50 



City of Norfolk, Virginia 

Mr. James E. Heath, Chairman, Law Building, Norfolk, Virginia 

Mr. Mallory K. Cannon, Principal Maury High School, Norfolk, Virginia 

Mr. Thomas S. Purdie, 340 Freemason St., Norfolk, Virginia 

Mr. Douglas Gordon, care of Ledger Dispatch, Norfolk, Virginia 

Mr. Percy S. Stephenson, Monticello Arcade, Norfolk, Virginia 

Mr. S. S. Nottingham, 404 Warren Crescent, Norfolk, Virginia 

Mr. Robert B. Tunstall, Citizens Bank Building, Norfolk, Virginia 

Dr. H. H. Covington, 1134 Westover Ave., Norfolk, Virginia 

Mr. Robert M. Hughes, Jr., Law Building, Norfolk, Virginia 

Mr. Allan G. Burrow, Law Building, Norfolk, Virginia 

Mrs. J. Westmore Willcox, Law Building, Norfolk, Virginia 

Miss Mary D. Pretlow, care of Mr. John D. Abbitt, 521 Raleigh Ave., 

Norfolk, Virginia 
Mrs. Allan R. Hanckel, 322 Bute St., Norfolk, Virginia 
Miss Ethel Neely, 716 Colonial Ave., Norfolk, Virginia 
Mrs. N. M. Osborne, 1101 Westover Ave., Norfolk, Virginia 
Mrs. A. B. Seldner, Dickson Building, Norfolk, Virginia 
Mrs. John B. Miles, 530 Shirley Ave., Norfolk, Virginia 
Miss Nannie D. Kensett, 344 Freemason St., Norfolk, Virginia 

Utica, N. Y. 

George E. Dunham, 1109 Park Ave., Utica, N. Y. 
William W. Canfield, 7 Johnson Park, Utica, N. Y. 
William E. Weed, 448 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. 
Leslie W. Brennan, 232 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. 
Michael J. Kernan, 3 Rutgers Park, Utica, N. Y. 
Arthur M. Burke, 49 Warren Ave., Utica, N. Y. 
Edward Bedford, 1125 Howard Ave., Utica, N. Y. 
William J. Cahill, 1006 Dudley Ave., Utica, N. Y. 
William T. Baker, 390 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. 
William H. Roberts, 60 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. 
Frank X. Matt, 1910 Whitesboro St., Utica, N. Y. 
Frederic J. Bovvne, 505 Henry St., Utica, N. Y. 
John G. Duffy, 105 Boyce Ave., Utica, N. Y. 
Frederick W. Kincaid, 214 Rutger St., Utica, N. Y. 
J. Fred Maynard, 352 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. 
Thomas R. Proctor, 312 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. 
Frederick T. Proctor, 318 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. 
Otto A. Meyer, 14 Jewett Place, Utica, N. Y. 
Bierne Gordon, Jr., 21 Clinton Place, Utica, N. Y. 
John Owen Thomas, 1108 West St., Utica, N. Y. 
William L Taber, 829 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. 
Charles S. Symonds, 373 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. 
George L. Bradford, 403 Genesee St., Utica, N Y 
J. Francis Day, 360 Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. 

51 



Harlan G. Newcomer, 1505 Elm St., Utica, N. Y. 

Capt. William Mayer, Home Defense Bldg., Elizabeth St., Utica, N. Y. 

Fred Sisson, 101 Mayrc Bldg., Genesee St., Utica, N. Y. 

Hon. James B. Smith. 

LOCAL COMMITTEES 

Henry C. Morris, Chiacgo, 111. 

Fenton M. Parke, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Charles W. French, Boston, Mass. 

Sinclair Kennedy, Boston, Mass. 

Bennehan Cameron, Raleigh, N. C. 

T. M. Carrington, Richmond, Va. 

Samuel Mather, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Sherman T. Handy, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. 

Truman H. Newberry, Detroit, Mich. 

Milie Bunnell, Duluth, Mich. 

Hugh James Fleming, San Francisco, Cal. 

F. F. Peard, Los Angeles, Cal. 

John S. Cunningham, Durham, S. C. 

Charles Phelps Taft, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Francis B. Mitchell, Rochester, N. Y. 

Justice Nathaniel Foote, Rochester, N. Y. 

C. F. Amison, Fargo, N. D. 

Vance C. McCormick, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Bishop James H. Darlington, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Louis R. Cheney, Hartford, Conn. 

Milo Shanks, Elmira, N. Y. 

S. G. Heiskell, Knoxville, Tenn. 

Frank L. Dodge, Lansing, Mich. 

F. AL Fling, Lincoln, Neb. 

W. O. Head, Louisville, K}-. 

E. B. Whitney, Meriden, Conn. 

Charles L Button, Middlebury, Vt. 

Rev. Walter Greenman, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Levi Longfellow, Minneapolis, Minn. 

B. F. Nelson, Minneapolis, Minn. 

James B. Estee, Montpelier, Vt. 

Hilary E. House, Nashville, Tenn. 

Judge Henry Wade Rogers, New Haven, Conn. 

Martin Behrman, New Orleans, La. 

W. 0. Hart, New Orleans, La. 

R. A. C. Smith, New York, N. Y. 

.Arthur Schoellkopf, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

George W. Whitehead, Niagara, Falls, N. Y. 

George F. Nye, Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

Frank K. Mott, Oakland, Cal. 

52 



N. V. V. Franchot, Olean, N. Y. 

Stanley Childs, Oneida, X. Y. 

Hon. George W. Fairchild, Oneonta, N. Y. 

Frederick H. Strawbridge, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rt. Rev. Philip Rhinelander, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bayard Henry, Philadelphia, Pa. 

S. H. Church, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

John R. Rathom, Providence, R. I. 

Ira W. Stratton, Reading, Pa. 

Breckinridge Jones, St. Louis, Mo. 

Samuel C. Park, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

George Sutherland, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Judge Thomas Burke, Seattle, Wash. 

Donald Dey, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Thomas Albert Fenton, Syracuse, X. Y. 

Charles E. Crittenden, Toldeo, Ohio 

John Hays Hammond, Washington, D. C. 

Col. Thomas W. Simonds, Washington, D. C. 

Dr. H. H. Warren, Yankton, S. D. 

Henry L. K. Shaw, Albany, X'. Y. 

Judge James F. Ailshie, Boise City, Idaho 

Henry M. Beardsley, Kansas City, Mo. 

George S. Bixby, Plattsburgh, 

Harry L. Brown, St. Augustine, 

John H. Broad, Morrisville, N. Y. 

Herbert H. Hawkins, Hamilton, N. Y. 

Arthur Lord, Plymouth, Mass. 



53 



SULGRAVE'S SCHEME OF EDUCATION 

Sulgrave's plan of education in connection with the Ter- 
centenary celebration as here given is somewhat tentative; but 
the permanent plan is being formulated under the auspices of 
Dr. Finley and Dr. Sullivan, of Albany, New York. 

Committee on Schools and Universities: 

Dr. John H. Finley, Chairman 
Dr. James Sullivan, Secretary 

1. Period of instruction in regard to the free institutions of 
the English speaking world, Spring and Fall terms of 1920; with 
special reference of 

(a) Magna Charta; revolution of the Commonwealth; 
colonial development, including meeting of the first 
Legislative Assembly on American soil, in Jamestown, 
Va., July 30— August 2, 1619; 

(b) Mayflower Compact November 11, 1620; landing of 
the Pilgrims on site of Plymouth, December 20, 1620; 

(c) Drafting of the American Constitution, in which the 
Massachusetts and Virginia ideas merged; likewise sig- 
nalling in a public way all other events which mark the 
progress and development of free institutions. 

2. Essays, lectures, etc., in re free institutions. 

3. Pageants which are being planned by Dr. Sullivan upon 
the basis of the means at hand for carrying out such plans on the 
part of the various classes of schools, which will graphically illus- 
trate outstanding events in the history of English-speaking nations. 

4. Interscholastic games. 

5. Special use of moving and still stereopticon pictures. 

6. Sending of an identical signed address by pupils of schools 
situated in towns in America named for towns in Great Britain and 
Ireland to the pupils of public schools located in such towns. 

7. Several hours during the Spring and Fall terms to be de- 
voted to instruction in re the English language and the need of 
preserving its purity. 

54 



8, Day of instruction in re the Anglo-American common law 
— how derived from a common source from the common-sense of 
common experience. 

9. A universal meeting to be held in public schools on the 
afternoon or evening of December 20, at which addresses shall be 
delivered on the historical and political aspects of the Virginia 
Assembly and the Pilgrim Fathers, etc.; this to be preceded on 
Sunday, December 19, by sermons in all the churches relating to 
the anniversary of the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers, the meaning 
of their advent, the spirit of free institutions, etc., etc. The 
exercises Monday, December 20, not only in the public schools, but 
in public places everywhere, will terminate the international cele- 
bration as arranged by the Sulgrave Institution — Anglo-Ameri- 
can Society, and the Leyden Committee. A plan will also be 
formulated for participation in any way that may be desirable in 
the official celebration in Plymouth and Boston in 1921. 

PLAN FOR VILLAGE CELEBRATIONS 

Plan of celebration for villages and towns has been prepared 
by a Village Celebration Committee, headquarters, Morrisville, 
Madison County, N. Y. Details follow: 

Committee on Village Celebration: 
JohnR. Ellis, Chairman I. M. Charlton 

John H. Broad Mrs. Wilbur Henderson 

J. P. Wetmore Mrs. John R. Ellis 

John A. Johnson Mrs. John H. Broad 

Warren McAllister Miss Elizabeth Stewart 

E. A. Fuller Mrs. John A. Johnson 

H. C. Wood 

1st. An Old Home Week, or old Home two or three days, 
which shall have special reference to a program that will honor 
the first settler of each town, (or settlers), and, in particular, the 
man who gave the name to the town. This feature of the cele- 
bration might include. 

(a) A meeting under the auspices of the local Historical 
Society, with essays read in reference of the beginning 
and ancestral character of the respective towns: 

55 



(b) A simple pageant that shall relate to the Pilgrim 
Fathers and the early settlers of Virginia, and to show 
something of the early life of each village at the time of 
its origin. (Note. — Full information can be secured as 
to pageants by writing to Dr. James Sullivan, Secretary, 
Sulgrave Tercentenary Committee on Education, De- 
partment of Education, Albany, N. Y.) 

(c) Sports, dancing, merry-making, etc. 

2nd. Special instructions in the public school in regard to 
the beginnings and developings of the free institutions of the 
English-speaking world, with particular reference to the May- 
flower Compact and the Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers, and the 
meeting of the first American Legislative Assembly in James- 
town, Va. 

3rd. The distribution of copies of the Mayflower Compact 
and the minutes of the first Legislative Assembly, which can be 
found in any authoritative history of the United States. 

4th. Addresses on Magna Charta, the Cromwellian Revo- 
lution, the American Revolution, etc., with particular reference to 
the Mayflower Compact and Virginia Assembly. 

5th. November 11 at noon bell ringing for five minutes in all 
villages in the United States, Canada, England, etc., in celebration 
of the Mayflower Compact. 

6th. Universal Thanksgiving Day with sermons in the 
churches on the history and genius of English-speaking free in- 
stitutions, and, finally, 

7th. On Sunday, December 19, in all churches throughout 
the English-speaking world, services particularly devoted to the 
Pilgrim Fathers and Mothers. 



S6 



WAR CAMP COMMUNITY SERVICE 



Plan for Tercentenary 

The Sulgrave Institution is glad to announce that the War Camp Community 
Service has joined in with the Sulgrave in furthering the Tercentenary celebration. 
A comprehensive program for smaller communities has been prepared by Miss 
Constance D'Arcy Mackay, head of the Bureau of Pageantry and Drama, which is 
herewith published in full. It is gratifying to acknowledge the splendid work 
which the Communitj' Service is doing and the value of the services rendered to the 
Sulgrave Institution. 

WAR CAMP COMMUNITY SERVICE SULGRAVE COMMITTEE 
Joseph Lee, Chairman Gustavus T. Kirby 

Hon. Myron T. Herrick Mrs. E. P. Earle 

Howard S. Braucher Mrs. Eva Whiting White 

Miss Constance D'Arcy MacKay 
COMMITTEE SERVICE BULLETIN 
There is to be a nation-wide celebration of the Pilgrim and First Legislative 
Assembly Tercentenaries in the United States continuing throughout 1920. The 
following suggestions are given for making celebrations tie up in every possible 
way with the work of communities. 

Libraries(Bibliography, Displays, etc.) 
Games 

Community Music and Singing 
Folk Dancing 
Story Telling 
Drama 
Recitations 
[Suggestions in re First Assembly Celebration now being proposed.] 
A clear understanding as to the difference between Pilgrims and Puritans 
printed and placed where it can be read. 

"The actual difference between the Pilgrims and the Puritans was that the 
Pilgrims were Separatists and sought the New World in order to have freedom to 
worship God according to the dictates of their consciences, while the Puritans 
desired no separation from the church itself only from the abuses of the church, 
and sought only to reform it. The Pilgrims were the first advocates of freedom 
and conscience and believed in a free religion as an act of obedience to God only." 
(From an address by Dr. Benj. Scott Chamberlain of the City 
of London, in the Manor House at Screeby, England.) 
Libraries 
(1). Pilgrim booksiielf of poetry, plays, pageants, recitations, music, ro- 
mance, history, costumes and reference works relating to the Pilgrims. A tenta- 
tive list of these is here suggested. 

J Little Captive Lad by Beulah Marie Dix, published b}' Samuel French, 

New York City. 

A Little Pilgrim's Progress, a play by C. D. MacKay, published by 

Samuel French, New York City. 

A Nameless Noblemen by Jane G. Austin published by the Pilgrim Book 

Shop, Plymouth, Mass. 

57 



J Rose o' Plymouth Tozvn, a play by Beulah Marie Dix and Evelyn Green- 
leaf Sutherland may be obtained through Samuel French, New York City. 
A Story of the Pilgrims by Roland Usher published by Macmillan Com- 
pany, New York City. 

Betty Alden by Jane G. Austin published by the Pilgrim Book Shop, 
Phmouth, Mass. 

Finding the Mayflower, a play by Blanche Proctor Fisher, published by 
Walter Baker & Company, Boston, Mass. 

Founders of Our Country by F. E. Coe, containing the story of Miles 
Standish, Captain of Plymouth, published by the American Book 
Company, New York City. 

Four American Indians by Whitney and Perry. This contains the story 
of King Phillip and Massasoit and his two sons, published by the 
American Book Company, New York City. 

Indian Games -and Dances by Alice C. Fletcher published by C. C. 
Birchard & Company, Boston, Mass. 

Alary of Plymouth by James Otis, published by the American Book 
Company, New York City. 

Patriotic Plays and Pageants by C. D. Mackay contains a Pilgrim Play. 
Pilgrim's Progress by John Bunyan (good for costumes). 
School History by Hart published by the American Book Company, New 
York City. Contains colored illustrations. 

Standish of Standish by Jane G. Austin published by the Pilgrim Book 
Store, Ph'mouth, Mass. 

Standish of Standish, a play by Annie Russel Marble, published by 
Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.. Mass. 

Stories of American Life and Adventure by Edward Fggleston, containing 
stories of women in Indian Wars, published by the American Book 
Companj, New York City. 

The Courtship of Miles Standish by Longfellow, published by Houghton 
Mifflin Compan}-, Boston, Mass. 

The Courtship of Miles Standish by Eugene Presby, a play, published by 
Samuel French, New York City. 
Tzvo Centuries of Costume in America by Alice Morse Earle. 

(2). Decorations for the bookshelf. A long strip of white cardboard on 
which is prettily labeled Ye Pilgrim Book Shelf. At top of this placard a Pilgrim 
woman reading a book. At the foot of it a Pilgrim man reading a book. 

(3). Displays. 

(a) The following pictures can be ordered from the Perry Picture Com- 
pany, Maiden, Mass., illustrating costumes of the Pilgrims. The pic- 
tures are size 10x12, price seven cents each. No order is accepted for less 
than five, and a money order must be sent with the letter. 

1331 Embarkation of the Pilgrims by Wier 

1332 Landing of the Pilgrims by Rothernel 

1336 Pilgrim Exiles by Boughton 

1337 John Alden and Priscilla by Boughton 
1339 Pilgrims Going to Church by Boughton 

58 



(b) Pictures by Remington, Some pictures in strong color showing 
scenes of Indian life are not only appropriate but in fine contrast to the 
quite colored Pilgrim scenes. These scenes should not be of the plains. 
Thej' should be scenes that might be in New England, such as an Indian 
with a canoe; an Indian praying to the great spirit; an Indian hunting, 
etc. 

(c) Pilgrim scene with dolls. A half a dozen dolls, six or seven inches 
high dressed like Pilgrims. One doll, a Pilgrim man, should be in the 
stocks. The other dolls should be ranged against a little hillock which can 
be made bj' covering some books with green canton flannel. The dolls 
can stand against this. 

(d) Posters. There may be posters specially designed by local artists, 
showing special scenes from Pilgrim life. 

(e) Models of tiny stages showing the settings for Pilgrim plays. A 
Pilgrim interior, with brown walls, stone hearth and brown furniture is 
suggested. 

GAMES 

PiLGRI.M AND InDIAN GaMES 

Pilgrim Games 
How TO Play Stool Ball 
I know not if my friend Hannah has seen the game of stoolball as it is played 
in our village of Plymouth, because those among us who take part in it use no 
sticks or bats, but strike the ball only with their hands. Of course we have no 
real stools here as yet, because of the labor necessary to make them, when a block 
of wood serves equally well on which to sit: but the lads who play the game take a 
short piece of puncheon board, and, boring three holes in it, put therein sticks to 
serve as legs. 

These they place upon the ground behind them, and he who throws the ball 
strives to hit the stool rather than the player, who is allowed only to use his hands 
in warding it off. Whosoevers stool has been hit must himself take the ball, 
throwing it, and continuing at such service until he succeeds in striking another's 
stool. 

Extract from 

Mary of Plymouth by James Otis, 
American Book Company, Washington Square, N. Y. 
Price 50 cents. 

hidian Games 

From Indian Games and Dances by Alice C. Fletcher 

Published by C. C. Birchard & Co., Price 31-00 

Properties: One double-ball; as many sticks as players, red and yellow head- 
bands, equal in number, for the two sides of players. 

Directions: — The double-ball should be made in the following manner: A 
strip of leather or of strong, closely woven brown cloth from fifteen to twenty 

59 



inches long. For six inches from both ends the strip should be about seven 
inches wide; the portion of the strip between these wide ends should be about three 
inches wide. The wide ends are to form the pouches, and the narrower middle 
section the band to connect the two pouches. The two edges of the strip should be 
lapped and strongly sewed the entire length of the strip, except a small opening 
about an inch long left on the side of each of the pouches. Through this opening 
the pouches are filled with dry sand, then the edges are securely sewed together so- 
that no sand can escape. These pouches are the "balls". The sides of the pouches 
should be decorated with designs painted in bright colors and a little tuft or tassel 
of red yarn fastened at the middle of the bottom of the pouch. The sticks should 
be about thirty-two inches long, not too heavy and somewhat pointed at one end 
that is slightly curved. Each stick should be marked by an individual device so- 
that it can be claimed by its owner. 

. Two wickets, made by crotched poles about five and a half to six feet high, 
having a bar fastened across the top, are placed in line with each other, one at the 
East, the other at the West, and as far apart as the limits of the grounds will per- 
mit. A red streamer to be tied to the eastern wicket and a yellow streamer to 
the western wicket. 

The players are divided into two parties of equal numbers and lots should be 
drawn to decide which side shall have the eastern goal, and all of that side must 
wear red head-bands; the other side must wear yellow head-bands to show that 
theirs is the western goal. 

An umpire must be chosen, to whom belongs the duty of tossing the ball when 
necessary; to keep the score, and to settle any disputes. 

To make a point the ball must be tossed so as to hang on the crossbar of the 
wicket. An agreement must be made as to how many points shall constitute the 
game. 

Game 

The players stand in two rows about fifteen to twenty feet apart, one color on 
one side, the other color opposite. The Umpire takes a place between the twa 
lines and as near as possible to the middle of the rows. When all are in readiness 
the double ball is tossed by the Umpire straight up into the air, and all those whose 
places are near the middle of the rows watch the descent of the "ball" and try to 
catch on their sticks the connecting cord of the double-ball. If one succeeds, she 
trii.s to send it down the line toward the goal of her side; those of the opposite side 
try to prevent success to this movement and to send the "ball" in the other 
direction. 

The "ball" should not be allowed to touch the ground from the time it is 
tossed until it is lodged on the wicket. The side that lets the "ball" fall to the 
ground loses a count, and the side that keeps the "ball" up until it reaches the 
goal scores two points equal to four counts. 

Follow My Leader 

This game is widely played among the Indian tribes, particularly by the 
boys, and also by the girls. The Leader improvises the steps and the move- 

60 



merits, which all who follow must repeat and keep time to the song. It has been 
handed down from one generation of young folk to another — for how many, 
"nobody knows." 

Song 
Follow my leader where'er he goes; 
What he'll do next, nodody knows. 

The Game 
A leader is chosen, and all who join in the game must go where he goes, dance 
as he dances, move the arms, hands and feet as he does. The skipping and danc- 
ing must be in exact time with the song that all must sing. The game gives op- 
portunity for fancy steps, winding intricate figures, "cutting capers" and merry 
pranks. 

Music 
A full list of music is appended to the list of drama. 

Dances 
The Pilgrims did not allow dancing; but Indian dances and ceremonials are 
appropriate to the period. A full list of these is given with the list of drama. 

Story Telling 
A Story Teller in Pilgrim costume should visit libraries, schools, parks, play- 
grounds, parish houses, etc. Excellent material for story telling will be found in 
Mary of Plymouth by James Otis, published by the American Book Company, 
Washington Square, New York City, price 44 cents. This is filled with excellent 
short material. Recitations appropriate for Story Telling will be found in the 
List of Drama, which includes pageants, plays, tableaux, recitations, dances, 
ceremonials and music. 

List of Plays, Pageants, Tableaux, Recitations, Ceremonials 

and Music Suitable for the Celebration of the 

Pilgrim Tercentenary 

O beautiful for Pilgrim feet. 
Whose stern, impassioned stress 
A thoroughfare for freedom beat 
Across the wilderness! 
America! America! 
God mend thine every flaw. 

Confirm thy soul in self-control, , 

Thy liberty in law. 

— From Katherine Lee Bates' America the Beautiful. 
We sit here in the promised land 
That flows with freedom's honey and milk, 
But 'twas they won it, sword in hand. 
Making the nettle danger for us soft as silk. 

— From James Russell Lowell's Ode. 

61 



THE TERCENTENARY 

The Pilgrim Tercentenary will be celebrated during 1920 from one end of this 
country to the other, and we are glad of the opportunity to set before you the 
first list of drama material available on the subject. The Pilgrim Tercentenary 
seeks to draw all the English speaking peoples together in one great celebration. 
Thus what the Pilgrim stood for will be commemorated not only in the United 
States but in Great Britain, Canada, and Australia drawing these late comrades- 
in-arms into a closer union. 

Through the plans mapped out by the Sulgrave Institution celebrations will 
be held in England beginning May first and then in Leyden in Holland, and later 
in the United States. There will be a second sailing of the Mayflower. Digni- 
taries will embark from England following the route of the Pilgrim to Leyden and 
from there to Provincetown, Massachusetts, where a celebration will be held in 
August. Later Plymouth, Massachusetts, will hold its celebration. It is expected 
that all large cities of the United States will celebrate, and all the smaller towns and 
villages as well; for the Pilgrim represent not only the freedom to which this nation 
is dedicate — religious, political; but they also represent the Pioneer Spirit, and 
for this reason their Tercentenary is of interest to any part of this country that 
had its pioneers. And what part of this country has not had them? 

To join the Pilgrim Tercentenary celebration is a matter of patriotism. The 
celebration will continue throughout the whole of 1920, with especial emphasis on 
all national holidays, in particular on Thanksgiving. Thanksgiving Day 1920 will 
be celebrated both b\' Great Britain and America. 

Plays and Pageants for Adults 

The Pilgrims. This pageant will be published in the April number of the 
Woman's Home Companion which comes out March 15th. It can be produced 
by cities, towns and villages, making it as elaborate or simple as desired. It re- 
quires a cast of from l.SO to 500 men, women and children. If your newsdealer 
will not order this number for you, address Mailing Department, Woman's 
Home Companion, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York city, enclosing a post office or- 



The Sulgrave Institution with headquarters in the Woolworth Building, New 
York City is named after the ancient seat of the Washington family, Sulgrave 
Manor, Northants, England. There will be a special celebration at this Manor 
during the Pilgrims Tercentenary. John A. Stewart is Chairman of the New 
York Board of Governors which includes amongst others Brand Whitlock, James 
M. Beck, Charles W. Eliot. Advisory Council includes J. P. Morgan, Samuel 
Gompers, Rev. William T. Manning, James Cardinal Gibbons, General John J. 
Pershing, Major-General Leonard Wood, Franklin K. Lane and William Howard 
Taft. Those on the English Committee include. Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Viscount Bryce, Viscount Grey, David Lloyd George, Cardinal Bourne, and the 
Lord Mayor of London. 

62 



der. This pageant deals with the early settlement of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, 
where one of the Pilgrims, half dreaming over his book, sees a vision of America in 
the future years. Through this vision all the great men and women of America 
appear, thus making the pageant relate definitely to the whole country, north, 
east, south and west. The pageant contains dialogues, pantomime, tableaux and 
processional effects as well as symbolic dances, folk dances, etc. Full stage direc- 
tions and practical suggestions for the costumes accompany the pageant text. 
No royalty. 

A Rose Plymouth Town, by Beulah Marie Dix and Evelyn Greenlea' 
Sutherland, can be ordered from Samuel French, 28 West 38th Street, New York 
City, price 50 cents. A play in four acts, 4 male and 4 female characters. Two 
scene settings; one a Pilgrim interior, the other a wood in Plymouth; or can be 
given in one interior scene if desired. Plays two hours. Has had professional 
production and very wide use. A charming poetic and highly interesting play> 
absolutely authentic. Filled with dramatic suspense. It tells the story of Rose 
de La Noye, a Pilgrim of French descent, who plays havoc with the hearts of 
Pilgrim men; and who comes near marrying the wrong man through a lover's mis- 
understanding. The play is replete with picturesque situations, and has much 
humor. Pilgrim costumes. There is a royalty often dollars for performances by 
amateurs; but the play is well worth it. Full directions for costuming and staging. 

Standish of Standish, by Annie Russell Marble, published by Houghten 
Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts, at 31-00. A dramatization of Jane G. 
Austin's novel of that name. The play is in three acts and six scenes, with one 
interior used throughout. 5 female and 5 male characters. The play tells the 
romance of Priscilla, John Alden and Miles Standish. There is a secondary love 
story; and a good deal of interest is developed by the comedy character of Desire 
Minter. The play is authentic, and the dialogue lifelike and full of quaint turns 
of speech. Full descriptions of scene setting and action. No royalty. 

The Courtship of Miles Statidish by Eugene W. Presbry. A play in one act 
dramatizing the Longfellow story, published by Samuel French, 28 West 38th 
Street, New York City at 25 cents. It has two male and two female characters. 
The scene is a Pilgrim interior. Pilgrim costumes, easy to give. Plays 25 min- 
utes. No royalty. 

Plays and Pageants for Young People 
In the Good Old Days by Norah Archibald Smith from Plays, Pantomimes and 
Tableaux for Children, published by MofFat, Yard and Companj^ New York City, 
price ?1.00 net. This is a one act play with four scenes, for which one interior 
scene can be used throughout. It has prologues spoken by Father Time and his 
Hour Glass. It might almost be called a short play in four acts for children. 
2 girls and 5 boys. Ages run from 11 years to 15 years. Plays about an hour. 
Concerns the adventures of two children of today who crawl through an ancient 
fireplace into Yesterday, and find themselves in stern Pilgrim times. The pleas- 
ures children have today compared to what they had then are interestingly and 
amusingly shown. Excellent authentic dialogue and humorous situations. A 
very fine play for children. No royalty. 

63 



J Li::lf PU^ritRs Pra^rfss by C- D. Mackay, published by Samael French, 26 
West 5Sth Street, New York City, price 25 cents. One act play. Setting, a 
Pflgrim interior. S boys, 4 firis, in ages ranging from 8 to 13 years. This is a 
morahty play, after the icanner of Banyan's P-.lgrim's Progress. A little Pilgrim 
at Dame Decision's Inn meets with False Pride, Honesty, Steadfastness, etc. 
.■\uthentic dialogue. Xo royalty. 

Tk^ First TksKksg::^:Kr DinKrr. by Marjorie Benton Cook. One act play. 
Could be arranged so that it could be given indoors or outdoors; but preferably 
indoors. 7 boys and 3 girls of 12 to 14 years of age. Plays 25 minutes. Can be 
ordered from the Drama League Book Shop, 7 East 42nd Street, Xew York City, 
price 15 cents. Xo royalty. 

FzKczTiT fjif ilayficTir by Blanche Proctor Fisher, published by Walter H. 
Baker i Company, 5 Hamilton Place, Boston, Mass., price 15 cents. A play in 
one act. 7 girls or if the prologue is included 8 girls and 1 boy. Ages 8 to 14 
years. Plays 25 minutes. Scene: interior of a Pilgrim home. The play concerns 
the hunt for the first mayfiowers, and has a surprise ending. There is considerable 
hnmor in the play. An excellent play for the cast of all girls. Xo royalty. 

Tif Life q/ the Corn. An Indian drama in 5 dances with authendc Indian 
music and choruses. Can be found in iKdian Games and Dances crith Xati^e 
So'Kgs by Alice C. Fletcher, published by C. O. Birchard & Company, Boston, 
Mass., price Sl.OO. This is a superb bit of Indian pantomime. This parricular 
dance-drama is that of the Omaha tribe: but as the com dance and ceremonial 
was used by all Xorth American Indians, it is adaptable for purposes of the 
Tercentenary celebration. In the ethnological notes to LongfeUow's Hiazcs^ha 
will be izi-iA a description of an ancient dance of the com as given by the Indian 
tribes of the Eastern seaboard. The Life of tke Cor^ is simply a variant of this 
dsr: re. It is rich in color and dramaric effects, with Indian and symbolic costumes 
— -.: :h are indicated in the text. At least 50 young people can take part in it from 
II t: 20 years of age. As many more as desired can parricipate. There must be 
seven special "dance leaders" who are skilled in dandng and pantomime. There 
shDuId be an accompanying chorus of a least 25 voices. Words, music and full 
cesrn prion of each dance are given. This is essenrialiy a drama for outdoor pro- 
duction- Xo royalty. 

Tks Pilgrim Ir.terlmde from Patriotic Plays ar.d Pateants by C. D. Mackay, 
: _:;--:!-r£ by Henni- Holt Company, 19 West 44th Street, Xew York City, price 
51.35. This is an outdoor play in one act. Ten hoys and three girls ranging in 
age from 8 to 14 years. Pflgrim and Indian costumes- The play contains an 
Indian so!o dance. It relates the story of how Pridlla Mullins taught a little 
Indian girl to spin. Dialogue and costumes authenric. Easy to produce. Xo 
royalty. 

Taslealx 
rrhese suggesrions for tableaux are taken from a celebrarion in Plymouth 
found in the souvenir book of Mrs. Eager.) 

The Pilgrims caprive in the market place in Boston, England. 

64 



The Pilgrims in Holland. At Leyden. Embarking &om Delft Haven. 

The departure from Southampton, En^and. (Here the English Meny 
Makers who were not Pilgrims had their Morris Dances.; 

Indian Life; war dance; moon dance; Indian maidens. 

The treaty with Massasoit. 

A tea party of Ye CHde Tyme '1670). 

To these may be added the Pilgrims Farewell; The Courtship of Miles Staa- 
dish, the wedding of Prisdlla Mullins; the arrival of Sqaanto in Plymouth ctAonj. 
The Perry pictures will be an aid in staging tableaux. Send for iUostrated 
catalogue of Perry Picture Company, Maiden, Mass. 

Recitatioxs 

Tkg Landing of t)u PUgriwu by Felicia Hesaas to be found in any coOection 
of her poems in most scho<d books. 

Tki M^yf^oser by Alfred Xoyes, a superb poem which will appear iu the De- 
lineator Magazine in May. 

Portions of "Ok Piamers", by Wait Whitmaa to be iDuai ia mDSt Libraries. 

Selections from the Courtship of ilil^s St^^disr. bv Longfelio «• to be found la 
most libraries. 

M^ic 

Jmsrica tks BeoTUifvl by Katherine Lee Bates is excellent for community 
»nging and suitable for Pilgrims. 

Afnrrica. 

J Mighty Fjrirejs is Our Gyd. Martin Luriiers hymn. 

Gc*:^ £.- Sozs tks Ssulf% JFirJsr. Pilgrim chant to be found on page 27 of 
Patriotic Plays and Psgear^ by C. D. Maciay. This ran be sung to the t jne of 
Oxford. 

Other songs are an old marching song of the lowlands caDed Fortm-^s My Fos 
Jfky Dosi Thou Fro^K Oi Mif There is an o'd time ring to O H%s% Tiss Mj 
Bchif by Sullivan which makes it possible for this celebratioa. 

Indian songs will be found in Indism Gsmes s'.d Ds^cfs mitk Xa^ire SoKgs by 
.■Mice Fletcher, published by C. C. Birchard i Company. Boston, Mass., for Sl-00. 

For instrumental music see A'-tr Erils'-.S I£yZs by Edward MacDowefl, price 
SI. 55. JFoo^a^Kd Shftcki-s fro9i an I^di^z Lz-^^i by Edward MacDr-^eil, pHce 
SI. 25, both published by G. Schirmer, 2 East -r5rd Street, Xew York City. 

Books ox Costtmes 

Tspo CttiiurUs of Costw^.f i'. A'rfiss by Alice Morse Earle. 
CojtuK^s aw.d Scf^sry by C. D. MacKay. 
Eggleston's Hiszcry cf th^ Ur.iz^d S:a:ss. 

School Hiszory bv Hart, published by the .\meiican Book Company Washing- 
ton Square, New York City, gives good plates in color. 

65 



Mary of Plymouth by James Otis, published by the American Book Com- 
pany, Washington Square, New York City, at 44 cents gives splendid illustrations 
of Pilgrims and Indian properties, costumes and interiors and exteriors. 

Any well illustrated Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress. 

Materials for Pilgrims costumes will be found in cotton cambric, unglazed; 
canton flannel; and cotton rep. It is a mistake to think as some people do, that 
the Pilgrims always wore black. They wore black, but also dark green, blue, 
gray, gray-green, and warm shades of maroon and bronze-brown. All Pilgrim 
women wore caps and their hair tucked up under them. Pilgrim girls wore their 
hair tucked under caps also. Pilgrim men and boys wore their hair "boxed". 

From the Dennison Tissue Paper Company in any city where there is a branch 
of it, red brick paper at 25 cents a roll can be obtamed. This is excellent for Pil- 
grim fireplaces of a late date, 1635 and on. For earlier date there is gray stone 
paper for chimney places which can be bulked over rolled up newspapers to look 
just like a stone hearth. 25 cents a roll, 3 yards to the roll. Address Dennison 
Paper Company, 5th Avenue, and 27th Street, New York City. 

OFFERS OF SUPPORT 

The Board of Governors of Sulgrave desires to acknowledge 
with thanks the offers of cooperation which have come from the 
Foreign Press Service, Community Motion Picture Bureau, Peat 
Canadian Lyceum Bureau and War Camp Community Service. 



66 



DANIEL WEBSTER ON THE PILGRIMS 

From an address delivered one hundred years ago, for 
the people of today. 

"If the blessings of our political and social condition have not 
been too highly estimated, we can not well over rate the respon- 
sibility and duty which they impose upon us. We hold these in- 
stitutions of government, religion and learning, to be transmitted 
as well as enjoyed. We are in the line of conveyance, through 
which whatever has been obtained by the spirit and effects of our 
ancestors, is to be communicated to our children. 

"I would invoke those who fill the seats of justice, and all who 
minister at her altar, that they execute the wholesome and neces- 
sary severity of the law. 

"We are bound, not only to maintain the general principles of 
public liberty, but to support also those existing forms of govern- 
ment which have so well secured its enjoyment, and so highly 
promoted the public prosperity. 

"The hours of this day are rapidly flying, andthis occasion will 
soon be passed. Neither we nor our children can expect to behold 
its return. They are in the distant regions of futurity, they exist 
only in the all-creating power of God, who shall stand here a hun- 
dred years hence to trace, through us, their descent from the 
Pilgrims, and to survey, as we have now surveyed, the progress 
of their country, during the laspe of a century. We would antici- 
pate their concurrence with us in our sentiments of deep regard for 
our common ancestors. We would anticipate and partake the 
pleasure with which they will then recount the steps of American 
advancement. On the morning of that day, although it will not 
disturb us in our repose, the voice of acclamation and gratitude, 
commencing on the Rock of Plymouth, shall be transmitted 
through millions of the sons of the Pilgrims, till it lose itself in the 
murmurs of the Pacific Seas. 

"We would leave for the consideration of those who shall then 
occupy our places, some proof that we hold the blessings trans- 
mitted from our Fathers in just estimation; some proof of our 
attachment to the cause of good government, and of civil and 

67 



religious liberty; some proof of a sincere and ardent desire to 
promote everything which may enlarge the understandings, and 
improve the hearts of men. And when, from the longdistance of 
100 years, they shall look upon us, they shall know, at least, 
that we possessed affections, which, running backward and warm- 
ing with gratitude for what our ancestors have done for our 
happiness, run forward also to our posterity, and meet them with 
cordial salutation, ere yet they have arrived on the shore of being. 
"Advance, then, ye future generations! We would hail you, 
as you rise in your long succession, to fill the places which we 
now fill, and to taste the blessings of existence where we are 
passing, and soon shall have passed, our own human duration. We 
bid you welcome to this pleasant land of the Fathers. We greet 
your accession to the great inheritance we have enjoyed. We 
welcome you to the blessings of good government and religious 
liberty. We welcome you to the treasures of science and the 
delights of learning. We welcome you to the transcendent sweets 
of domestic life, to the happiness of kindred, and parents, and 
children. We welcome you to the immeasurable blessings of 
rational existence, the immortal hope of Christianity, and the 
light of everlasting truth!" 

PROVINCETOWN AND THE PILGRIMS. 

A Provincetown Tercentenary Committee was formed on 
September 5th, 1919, for the purpose"of establishing a permanent 
memorial of the 300th anniversary in 1920, of the first landing 
of the Pilgrims here, and their life here and in the neighbor- 
hood, and of the founding of the Nation in our Harbor". 

The Committee is composed of the Selectmen, the Special 
Town Committee, and delegates from all the town organizations, 
and from the neighboring towns on Cape Cod, 

OFFICERS 
EXECUTIVE BOARD 

President —William H. Young. 

Vice-Presidents — Charles W. Hawthorne, Judge Walter Welsh, William B. 

Lawrence, Richard Miller. 
Treasurer — Edwin N. Paine. 
Executive Secretary — Charles N. Rogers, Selectman. 



Recording Secretary — Mrs. Henry Mottet. 

Assistant Secretary — Myrick C. Atwood. 

Captain John A. Cook. 

John A. Matheson. 

Wilbur D. Steele. 

Special Congressional and State Committee to confer regarding appro- 
priations — Wil'iam H. Young, Charles N. Rogers, Jerome S. Smith, William B. 
Lawrence, Thomas C. Thacher. 

On December 13th a special committee was appointed as an 
addition to the Sulgrave Institution Committee to celebrate the 
Tercentenary, with Artemas P. Hannam as chairman. 



69 



INSCRIPTION ON THE PILGRIM MEMORIAL MONUMENT. 
PROVINCETOWN, MASS. 

On November 21, 1620, the Mayflower, carrying 102 pass- 
engers, men and women and children, cast anchor in this harbor 
61 days from Plymouth, England. 

The same day the 41 adult males in the company had solemn- 
ly covenanted and combined themselves together into a "civill 
body Politick." 

This body politick, established and maintained on this bleak 
and barren edge of a vast wilderness, a state without a king or a 
noble, a church without a bishop or a priest, a democratic com- 
monwealth, the members of which were straitly tied to all care of 
each other's good, and of the whole by every one. 

With long-suffering devotion and sober resolution they illus- 
trated for the first time in history the principles of civil and re- 
ligious liberty and the practice of a genuine democracy. 

THEREFORE — the remembrance of them shall be per- 
petual in the vast republic that has inherited their ideals. 

—Charles W. Eliot. 

AMERICAN BEGINNINGS AT JAMESTOWN AND 
PLYMOUTH. 

Three centuries ago — on the 30th day of July, 1619 — there 
convened at "James City" in Virginia, the "Governor, Counsell of 
Estate and two Burgesses elected out of each Incorporation and 
Plantation," constituting the "General Assembly" — the first 
legislative body to meet on the soil of America. 

After invoking the blessing of Almighy God, that He should 
"guyde and sanctifie" the proceedings, the speaker of this mother 
of American Parliaments, after having twice read the "greate 
charter" of "Virginia Britannia.?" divided into "fower books," 
for the sake of expediency did refer the "aforesaide" to the 
"perusall" of "twoe comitties," which did reciprocally consider 
of either, and accordingly brought in their opinions. 

"But some men may here object," writes John Twine, first 
clerk of this first American Legislative Assembly, "to what ende 

70 



we should presume to referre that to the examination of the 
comitties which the Counsell and Company in England have 
already resolved to be perfect, and did expecte nothing of our 
assente thereunto? To this we answere that we did it not to the 
ende to correcte or controll anything therein contained, but only 
in case we should finde ought not perfectly squaring with the state 
of this colonie, or in lawe which did presse or binde two harde." 

Thus sturdily speaks this first paragon of legislators, setting 
an example for those who should come after him and laying 
down a precedent for parliament of all times and all lands. 

MAYFLOWER COMPACT 

One year, four months and twelve days later — November 11, 
1620 — in the cabin of a tiny bark lying off the Massachusetts 
coast, a little band of liberty-loving men, also from "Britannia", 
entered into a compact: — 

'Tn ye name of God, Amen. Doe by these presents solemnly 
and mutually, in ye presence of God and one of another, covenant 
and combine ourselves togeather into a Civill body politick for 
our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of ye ends 
aforesaide and By Vertue Hearof to enacte, constitute and frame 
such just and equall lawes, ordnances. Acts, constitutions and 
offices from time to time as shall be thought most meete and con- 
venient for ye generall good of ye colonie. Unto which we 
promise a due submission and obdience." 

These two historic events marked the beginnings of that 
experimentation in self-government which, after a century and a 
half, was to find final expression in that modern democratic 
Magna Charta — that Instrument which "we, the people of the 
United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, Establish 
Justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common 
defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the blessings of 
Liberty to ourselves and our posterity did ordain and establish"' 
as "the Constitution for the United States of America." 



71 



CONGREGATIONALISTS AND THE PILGRIM 
TERCENTENARY 

Congregationalists the world over look upon themselves as 
the direct descendants spiritually of the Pilgrims who landed at 
Plymouth Rock three hundred years ago next December. Already 
for four years they have been carrying out a Tercentenary Pro- 
gram of study, evangelism, recruiting for service, increased mission- 
ary giving and the raising of a special memorial fund. They, 
therefore, come to the Tercentenary Year with quickened interest 
and forward looking plans. 

Their principal contribution to the Tercentenary celebration 
will take the form of an International Congregational Council to 
be held in Boston, Mass., from June 29 to July 6, the eight days 
sessions to be packed full of stirring events. 

The Council will be composed of four hundred voting members 
chosen by the several national Congregational organizations, 150 
of them from the United States, 150 from the British Isles and 100 
from other countries in which there are Congregational churches. 

In addition to these voting members of the Council, every 
Congregational church in the world, of which there are over 12,000, 
has been invited to send a delegate or delegates who will be seated 
as corresponding members with all the privileges of members 
except that of voting. It is expected that there will be several 
thousand of these delegates from churches present. 

In preparation for the Council meeting ten commissions repre- 
senting the United States and Canada, and ten representing Great 
Britain, Australia and South Africa are formulating reports on 
great themes connected with Congregational history and influence. 
These reports are not to be read at the Council, but will be printed 
and mailed to all delegrates chosen before May 1. It is expected 
that most of the addresses and discussions at the Council will be 
related to the themes treated in the commission reports. 

On Sunday, July 4, it is planned to hold mass meetings which 
will be addressed by men of international reputation on the larger 
aspects of world brotherhood. 

There will, of course, be special excursions with appropriate 
exercises to the places famous In Pilgrim history, such as Provlnce- 

72 



town, Plymouth, etc. These excursions will be a most interesting 
and important part of the celebration. 

It is also hoped to have an exhibit illustrative of Pilgrim life 
and Congregational history that will be worthy of the occasion, 
and which will attract the attention of multitudes who have known 
little of the significance of our early history. 

Clifford H. Smith. 



73 



SULGRAVE FINANCIAL STATEMENT 

Statement of Cash Receipts and Disbursements for the Period 
June 1, 1918, to June 1, 1919 

Balance June 1, 1918 3 5,100.06 

Total Cash Receipts 4,679.50 

Total 3 9,779 . 56 

DISBURSEMENTS 

Salaries, stenographers and clerks $ 3,700.01 

Account, financial manager, 594.92 

Office expenses, including traveling, etc 1,489.99 

Telegraph and telephone 152.65 

Stationery and Printing 1,445 . 84 

Postage 293 . 19 

Rent 392 . 15 

Miscellaneous expenses 779 . 84 

Meetings 433.06 

Total disbursements $ 9,281 .65 

Balance June 1, 1919, on deposit with J. P. Morgan & Co 3 497.91 

(Signed), Joseph G. Butler, Jr., Treasurer. 
Parley Morse & Company, 

Certified Public Accountants, 
61 Broadway, New York. 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT PRINCE OF WALES DINNER 

Total Receipts 3 11,563.91 

Total Disbursements 11,256.65 

Unexpended Balance on hand 3 307.27 

Statement January 1, 1919 — January 1, 1920 

Cash Receipts: — 

Founders 3 26,000 00 

Fellows 12,750.00 

Life Memberships 1,250.00 

Ten Year Memberships 

Memberships 382 . 50 

Contributions 3,257.00 

Total Cash Receipts 3 43,639 . 50 

74 



Disbursements: — 

Salaries, clerical work 6,150.85 

Postage 471 . 20 

Rent 492.97 

Telephone and telegraph 535 .90 

Office expense 1,400 . 89 

Stationery and printing 2,625 . 83 

Furniture and fixtures 104.75 

Books and clippings 34.45 

Newspaper publicity 71 .25 

Traveling expense 1,103 . 58 

Luncheons 771 . 27 

Miscellaneous expenses 214. 28 

Lawyers Club 221 . 74 

Total Disbursements 314,198.96 

Excess of Receipts over Disbursements 29,440. 54 

Balance, December 31, 1918 401.54 

Cash Balance, December 31, 1919 3 29,842.08 

NOTE. — The Sulgrave Institution pays no salary and gives no honorarium to 
any of its members; the Chairman and other officers serve without remuneration 
and salaries are paid only to the office force and to a financial secretary and 
manager. 

SULGRAVE'S PROSPECTIVE FOUNDATION ENDOWMENTS 

The following items relate to the general plan and purpose of The Sulgrave 
Institution in reference of the erection of foundation endowments to enable it to 
carry out some of the purposes for which it was organized. Several of these items 
are in prospect of consummation; but generally speaking, the Institution makes 
appeal to its supporters everywhere for contributions big and little for any of the 
following purposes: 

1. To meet cost of bust of George Washington, including memorial 
bronze base, etc., transportation, unveiling, etc., St. Paul's 
Cathedral, London, England $ 5,000 00 

2. To meet cost of bust of George Washington, including memorial 

bronze base, etc., transportation, unveiling, etc., Liverpool 5,000.00 

3. Bust of George Washington for Sulgrave Manor, ancestral home 

of George Washington, Northamptonshire, England 1,500.00 

4. Bust of George Washington for Bristol 1 ,500 . 00 

5. 12 British and French Scholarships, New York State Agricultural 

School and the High School at Morrisville, Madison County, 
N. Y., — Money already provided for 6 scholarships — annuajly. . . 8,400.00 

6. 3 Scholarships, Colgate University, annually 3,600.00 

7. 6 Scholarships, 3 for men and 3 for women, Alfred University, 
annually 7,200.00 

75 



8. 34 Scholarships for Cambridge University England, 2 for each 

College of the University, each annually •. 1,500.00 

■9. For Tercentenary celebration, to carry out educational plan and 

public celebrations, minimum of 250,000.00 

Note: — Sulgrave's plans include a general educational program in re free insti- 
tutions of the English-speaking world, with particular reference to develop- 
ment of same, beginning with Mayflower Compact and meeting of first 
American Legislative Assembly, Jamestown, Va., July 30, 1619. 
Item. Endowment fund for Sulgrave Institution, including annual 
budget, purchase and maintenance of a house as permanent 
headquarters, as well as to found a popular Chair to be 
known as "The Sulgrave Institution Lectureship", income 

from $ 500,000. 

Item. For publication first four numbers of Sulgrave Quarterly 

Review 3 10,000. 

Note: — It is the expectation of the Institution to make the Review self-sup- 
porting after the first year. 

Item. General Lectureship Bureau, to include exchange of educa- 
tors; use of moving pictures, stereopticon, educational mono- 
graphs and other educational publications — income from. .31,000,000.00 

Item. Exchange of scholars of secondary schools — i. e., American 
boys and girls to England, Canada and elsewhere and boys 
and girls from various parts of the British Empire to 
American high schools, etc., — income from 31,000,00.00 or more 

Item. Exchange of working newspaper men chosen by internation- 
al committees of editors, under which plan a number of 
American newspaper men will be invited to take up a five 
years residence in various parts of the British Empire, or 
elsehwcre in the world, for purpose of study; and, conversely, 
an equal number of newspaper men from various parts of 
the British Empire and elsewhere, to take up a five years resi- 
dence in the United States, the ultimate purpose being to 
educate and enlighten a corps of highly trained specialists 
in interpreting the life, spirit, genius, etc., etc., of the re- 
spective peoples of the English-speaking nations the one to 
the other. To carry out this plan will require an annual 
expense for each person of between 38,000. and 310,000. 
This would necessitate, in order to make the work effective, 
the income from an endowment of 32,500,000. up. 

IMPORTANT NOTICE 

At a meeting of the Sulgrave Board held January 9th at the Lawyers Club the 
following resoK. ion was suggested by the Chair, offered and unanimously ap- 
proved: 

Resolved, That a committee to consist of Theodore E. Burton, Charles E. 
Hughes, Alton B. Parker, James M. Beck, Edward W. Hatch and Charles 

76 



Stewart Davidson be created with authority to draft a trusteeship to 
rec(-ive, invest and manage the expenditure of funds contributed for foun- 
dations, or for other special purposes, and to distribute the incomes re- 
ceived therefrom for the purposes for which they are intended to be 
used and under the direction of the Board of Governors. 
Attest: 

Andrew B. Humphrey, 

Secretary, The Sulgrave Institution. 

Attention is respectfully called to the following Treasury 
Department Decision: 

Treasury Department 
Washington 
Office of Commissioner of Internal Revenue 

The Sulgrave Institution, 

Suite 3903, Woolworth Building, 
New York, N. Y. 

Sirs: 

Reference is made to your letter of July 14, 1919, with which you enclosed a 
-copy of the Certificate of Incorporation of The Sulgrave Institution and asked 
to be advised whether contributions made thereto may be deducted in calculating 
the donor's net income subject to the income tax. 

In reply you are advised that from a review of the purposes for which The 
Sulgrave Institution was formed, as set forth in the Certificate of Incorporation, 
whch appear to be of an educational character, this office is of the opinion that 
contributions made thereto may be deducted in calculating the donor's net in- 
•come for income tax purposes, to the extent provided in paragraph 11, Section 
214 (a) of the Revenue Act of 1918. 

Respectfully, 
(Signed) Daniel C. Roper, 

Commissio7ur. 

Perley Morse & Company 

Certified Public Accountants 

61 Broadway, New York 

September 30, 1919. 
The Sulgrave Institution, 
New York, N. Y. 

•Gentlemen: 

Referring to the letter of September 18, 1919, addressed to you and signed 
by Hon. Daniel C. Roper, Commissioner of Internal Revenue, in which it is ruled 
that your Institution is of an educational character, it is our opinion that con- 
tributions to the Institution are of the character which may be deducted by an 
individual to the extent of not more than fifteen per cent. (15%) of his net income 
in arriving at the amount of his income which is subject to the Federal Income 

77 



Tax. This is in accordance with Paragraph 11, Section 214 (a) of the Revenue 
Act of 1918. The following is an illustration: 

Contributions allowed to 
Net Income. be deducted (15 So 

of Net Income). 

325,000.00 33,150.00 

50,000.00 7,500.00 

75,000.00 11,250.00 

100,000.00 15,000.00 

250,000.00 37,500.00 

500,000.00 75,000.00 

750,000.00 112,500.00 

1,000,000.00 150,000.00 

Respectfully submitted, 

(Signed) Perley Morse & Co., 

Certifii-d Public Jccountatils. 

WHAT THE SULGRAVE MOVEMENT FOR FRIENDSHIP 
HAS ACCOMPLISHED. 

Generally speaking, the work of the Centenary Committee 
and of the Sulgrave Institution, its successor, has been distinctly 
productive of a betterment of feeling between Americans and their 
kin of the British Commonwealth and of a decidedly better un- 
derstanding of one another on the part of those who are associated 
in the Sulgrave movement throughout the world and of those with 
whom this movement has come into contact. 

Specifically, apart from a number of international confer- 
ences, held to further American-British friendship, in New York, 
Boston, Montreal, Ottawa, and cities of the Canadian West, 
Buffalo, Niagara Falls, Philadelphia, Richmond, New Orleans, 
St. Augustine, St. Louis, Detroit, Cleveland, Chicago, St. Paul, 
San Francisco, Portland, Seattle, and in numerous other cities 
and towns, that part of the Centenary Celebration which was held 
despite the war brought together hundreds of thousands of 
people, inspired the American and British press to treat the sub- 
ject with liberal publicity, which brought literally before millions 
of people at ceremonies in churches and in convocations elsewhere 
the criminal folly of permitting those whose motives were against 
the world's best interests to drive a w^edge of hatred between the 
Republic and the Commonwealth. 

Beginning with Pax Britannica, author Harry S. Perris of 
London, the Sulgrave American-British friendship movement 

78 



produced among others the following serious and interesting works 
on the meaning of the American-British friendship, etc., etc. 

The British Empire and the United States — Official Cen- 
tenary History by Prof. Dunning of Columbia University, 
with foreword by Nicholas Murray Butler. 

Annals of the War of 1S12 — Prof. Harper of Quebec. 

History of Anglo-American Relations by Henry Cabot 
Lodge, written for The Outlook, through the inspiration of 
the late William B. Howland, Chairman Committee of 
International Organization. 

Biography of Albert Gallatin, relating particularly to his 
work in negotiating the Ghent Treaty. 

America One Hundred Years Ago. Gaillard Hunt. 

Book of Anglo-American Friendship and Good-Will, London, 
1914. 

These and many other volumes were published, besides 
numerous review articles, pamphlets, etc., etc. 

In 1914, despite the war, great celebrations were held in 
Put In Bay, Lake Erie and at Plattsburgh, where, in each event, 
the bones of American and British sailors and soldiers were placed 
together under one inspiring monument; memorial tablets were 
erected in Wilmington, St. Louis, Seattle and in other places; 
and in several instances highways were built between the Lnited 
States and Canada in commemoration of the event. 

Sulgrave Manor was purchased by a group of British friends 
of America, and with American and British money the Manor 
property is being rehabilitated and embellished to make it 
permanently a pleasant and significant place of pilgrimage for 
all who revere the name of Washington and regard friendship 
among English-Speaking peoples as absolutely essential to the 
world's peaceful progress. 

In return for this great gift of Sulgrave, public spirited 
Americans, among these conspicuously Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
Phelps Taft, have given a Barnard statue of Lincoln to the City 
of Manchester, and in the name of American friendship; and, 
as announced b}^ the British Committee, Dr. Nicholas Murray 
Butler, Mr. Elihu Root, Mr. Robert Lincoln and others have 

79 



given a replica of the St. Gaudens statue, now in Lincoln Park, 
Chicago, to the City of London, which statue will be erected on 
the Canning enclosure, opposite Westminster Abbey, a site chosen 
for this statue nearly six years ago by representatives of the 
American Peace Centenary Celebration Committee, then in 
London. 

A medal in bronze, silver and gold was struck off in celebra- 
tion of the Century of Peace, one of which medals was presented 
to the King of England and another to the President of the 
United States. 

IMPORTANT NOTICE 

The Sulgrave Institution is about to publish a pamphlet on 
the subject of the Tercentenary containing full details. At the 
request of the Institution Thomas Cook & Son, 245 Broadway, 
New York, have prepared an itinerary for those Americans 
who desire to visit Great Britain next year in connection with 
the Tercentenary celebration, which will be supplemented by 
the itinerary of a trip to Holland at the time of the Nether- 
lands celebration. The cost of this tour will be in the neigh- 
borhood of ^1,300. 



80 



BARNARD'S LINCOLN GIVEN TO MANCHESTER BY 
MR. AND MRS. TAFT THROUGH SULGRAVE 

In 1913, during the visit to the United States of a delegation 
of members of the One Hundred Years of Peace Celebration Com- 
mittees from England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, Australia, Cana- 
da and New Foundland, who were guests of the American Cen- 
tenary Celebration Committee, a desire was expressed on the part 
of the English delegates that the proposed gift by the American 
Committee to the people of Great Britain and Ireland of a statue 
of Lincoln should take the form of a replica of the famous St. 
Gaudens statue in Chicago. The American Committee accepted 
this suggestion and in formal resolution; but the early advent of the 
war brought to naught three separate efforts that were made to 
raise money to purchase and set up in London a replica of the 
St. Gaudens and at a cost of about 340,000 to 350,000. Finally, 
subsequent to the failure of the third attempt to raise a fund for the 
St. Gaudens replica, the suggestion was made to Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles Phelps Taft that the cause of American-British friendship 
could be well subserved if they were generously to give to the people 
of Great Britain, through The Sulgrave Institution, a replica of 
George Gray Barnard's famous conception of Abraham Lincoln 
erected in Cincinnati as a gift to that city by Mr. and Mrs. Taft. 
Mr. and Mrs. Taft at once responded that it would gratify them 
deeply to make this gift; and Mr. Barnard fell in equally heartily 
with the proposal. 

It was decided at this time, early in 1917, to make this gift 
at once, because of the underlying sentiment attached to the 
matter, which would tend to strengthen the tie of friendship 
between the two nations, and help to bring to naught the subtle 
effort then making to foster enmity between these two English- 
speaking nations. A special committee, through Sulgrave, was 
organized as sponsors for the gift, with the President of the 
United States, Woodrow Wilson, as the Honorary Head, and 
with former Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard 
Taft, Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo, Secretary of the Navy 
Daniels, Secretary of the Interior Lane, Secretary of War 
Baker, Postmaster General Burleson, Herbert Hoover and 
Cardinal Gibbons, conspicuous in membership. 

81 



Owing to lack of cargo space, however, the shipment of the 
statue was delayed until February, 1919, when it was freighted 
to Manchester, to be erected in that city whose citizens were be- 
loved by Abraham Lincoln as a testimonial of good-will and fair 
understanding. The presentation was made at a public meeting 
in the town Hall, presided over by the Lord Mayor of Manchester, 
the presentation speech being made by John A. Stewart, Chair- 
man of the Board of Governors of The Sulgrave Institution 
and Chairman of the Executive of the Lincoln Presentation 
Committee, and accepted on behalf of the municipality by the 
Lord Mayor and the Board of Alderman of the city. The matter 
of the selection of a site was left to Mr. Stewart as arbiter among 
five different opinions; and he finally chose an oval in Piatt's 
Field, the great playground of the city, with the understanding 
that after Manchester had built her great art gallery and municipal 
building in the very center of that mighty town, the statue should 
be moved from Piatt's Field and placed at a point selected in front 
of the municipal building. 

At a meeting of The Sulgrave Institution held in New York 
in May, after Mr. Stewart's return from England, Judge Alton 
B. Parker, Chancellor of the Institution, accepted an invitation 
to go to England to deliver the oration upon the occasion of the 
unveiling of the statue in September. 



82 



MR. PERRIS'S REPORT OF THE UNVEILING OF THE 
BARNARD LINCOLN. 

I have just returned from Euston Station after bidding goodbye to Judge 
Parker, and I am sending this note by my brother, George Herbert Perris, so that 
you may get it immediately on arrival of the 'Baltic' and have the earliest in- 
formation^of the great success of Judge Parker's visit. 

Judge Parker arrived at Liverpool on Monday, September S, and was met at 
our request by the acting American Consul — who conveyed to him on behalf of 
the Lord Mayor and other Liverpool gentlemen an invitation to visit the City if 
possible during his stay. He came on to London the next day, Tuesday the 9, 
where I met him. On Wednesday the 10, I arranged for him an interview with a 
body of reporters at our office and he gave out an interview which appeared widely 
in our papers. On Thursday the 11, the Judge went out to Brasted Chart in Kent 
and lunched and spent the afternoon with Lord Weardale, at his country place 
Weardale Manor. On Friday the 12, he spent the afternoon as the guest of Mr. 
Henry Vivian in viewing the Hampstead Garden Suburb, and at night dined with 
the American Ambassador, and met Viscount Grey, the newly-appointed Special 
Ambassador to the United States. On Saturday the 13, he and L along with 
Stephen Reid, the artist, visited Sulgrave Manor where the Judge formally handed 
over to me the cheque for 32,000 sent bjr the Colonial Dames, — an acknowledgment 
of which I have sent to the Treasurer, Mrs. Cassatt. On Sunday the 14, the Judge 
along with a little party, including Mr. Harold Howland, Professor Sir Sidney 
Lee, the Countess of Sandwich, Colonel Chapman Huston and myself went to 
Manchester to take part in the ceremonies on September 15 and 16 in connection 
with the unveiling of the Barnard Statue of Lincoln. 

On arrival at Manchester we were met by the Lord Mayor wearing his chain 
of office, the Lady Mayoress, and a number of members of the Corporation. (I 
should have said above that the American Ambassador, also joined our party in 
London and went with us to Manchester). The Judge and the Ambassador 
were then driven by the Lord Mayor to the Town Hall where they remained his 
guests during our two days visit. The rest of us were taken to the Midland Hotel, 
where rooms and hospitality were provided for us as the guests of the Manchester 
Corporation. The following is a very brief summary of the tremendous time we 
had in Manchester on Monday and Tuesday last, the 15h and 16th instant. 

Monday, 15th. At 9:45 A. M. the Lord Mayor with the Town Hall Party 
called for us and we made a visit to the famous and beautiful Rylands Library, 
where the Curators showed us the chief of their great Literary treasures, belong- 
ing to the former Spencer and other famous collections. These included unique 
copies of some of the earliest printed books, and many other most interesting docu- 
ments and volumes. The magnificent building and its contents were greatly 
admired by us all. From the Rylands Library we went on to visit Chetham's 
Hospital and Library, with the exception of the Cathedral, the most historic 
building in Manchester. We were shown all over this wonderful old building by 
the Governors, heard the little boys in their quaint mediaeval costume render some 
lovely songs, and were all much moved when they gave us a perfect rendering of 

83 



the "Batt'e Hymn of the Republic." The Judge and Ambassador were photo- 
graphed talking to the little boys, and you will see a view of this in the next day's 
issue of the Manchester Guardian, one or two copies I am sending you herewith, 
(with others to follow for distribution) and which contains the best report of the 
proceedings. At one o'clock we were the guests at Luncheon of the Lord Mayor 
at the Town Hall and the Ambassador made an eloquent speech in response to the 
toast of "Anglo American Friendship; the foundation of the world's peace", 
whilst Judge Parker responded most admirably to the toast of "the health of Mr. 
and Mrs. Charles Phelps Taft, donors of the Barnard Statue to the City of Man- 
chester." The Luncheon over, we all entered carriages at the Town Hall, the 
Judge and Ambassador being in the first carriage with the Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress; with an escort of mounted police and in company with the leading 
members of the Corporation, and many other leading citizens of Manchester, we 
drove for 25 minutes through the City to Piatt Fields Park, where the Statue was 
to be unveiled. A large crowd had assembled there and we were favoured with 
the most beautiful sunny weather I ever remember in Manchester. After prayer 
bjr the Dean the Lord Mayor called upon Judge Parker to give his Address, which 
he read in a splendid loud voice which carried well through the assembly. At the 
close of the Address the I ord Mayor unveiled the Statue which was greatly ad- 
mired and which contained on its base the inscription agreed upon and of which 
I will in due course send you a photo. We then returned in procession to the 
Town Hall and after a short rest dressed and had dinner with the Lord Mayor and 
members of the Corporation. Afterwards the Lord Mayor and Lady Mayoress 
gave a great reception at the Town Hall which was attended by over 1,000 people 
including ail the leading people of Mancheter, representing every branch of public 
activity. Thus ended a most busy, successful and memorable day. 

Tuesday, September 16. In the morning we were the guests of the Chair- 
man and Directors of the Ship Canal Company, and under their guidance were 
driven to the Ship Canal down which we sailed for some distance and visited the 
splendid docks — inspected warehouses, locks, etc., etc. This wonderful enter- 
prise was fully explained to us and all the business people were delighted to have 
Judge Parker in their midst and show him what Manchester commerical enter- 
prise had done, and was capable of. We then returned to the Midland Hotel 
where a Luncheon was given to us by the Directors of the Ship Canal Company, 
— in the same room where President Wilson was recently entertained. Here 
again the Judge gave a most charming address which was listened to with great 
delight by the large company which included the Bishop, the Vice Chancellor 
of the University, the Lord Mayor, and many other distinguished citizens. After 
this we went to the Chamber of Commerce, where before a crowded audience 
Judge Parker gave a farewell address under the title of "England and America 
after the War.'' The Judge got a splendid hold on his hearers, who included most 
of the leading commercial men of Manchester. They cheered him loudly and all 
expressed the wish that he might soon come to Manchester again. 

After this we returned to London and this morning, to our great regret, we 
have had to bid farewell to Judge Parker on his return home. 

The above is but an outline and bald account of a crowded two days series of 
ceremonies in Manchester which were more successful and brilliant than anything 

84 



of the kind I can remember in this country. The Judge made a splendid figure 
throughout and entirely won the hearts of the Manchester people. Mr. and Mrs. 
Taft and George Grey Barnard may be satisfied to know that their wonderful 
statue was unveiled in the great city of Manchester under the most splendid 
auspices, and with every possible success. The account in the Manchester Guar- 
dian which I send you will show you how deeply this splendid gift has been 
.appreciated. 

Our only regret has been that the Judge came here whdeso many of our lead- 
ing people were out of London and that his stay was of necessity so deplorably 
short. We had letters from the Prime Minister, the Lord Mayor, Earl Reading, 
and a number of other prominent people, all of whom wanted to see Judge Parker. 
The American Luncheon Club wanted to give him a Luncheon in London and I 
had arranged a round of visits for him to Sheffield, Bristol, Birmingham, South- 
ampton and Plymouth, at all of which he would have had a fine reception. For 
this we must wait for another visit which I hope will be a longer one, but my duty 
and pleasure is to assure you that Judge Parker's visit has been a tremendous 
success, his personality has charmed everybody and his commg amongst us to 
visit Sulgrave Manor, and to attend the unveiling in Manchester has been of 
great assistance to our common cause here in England. We are deeply grateful 
to him for making the visit. 

Harry S. Perris 
London, Eng., 
Sept. 15, 1919. 



JUDGE PARKER'S ADDRESS 

Ten years ago there was organized in the United States "The American Com- 
mittee for the Celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of Peace among 
English-speaking Peoples". 

It had for its Honorary Chairman, Theodore Roosevelt; for its Honorary 
Vice-Chairmen, among others, Joseph H. Choate, Elihu Root, William Jennings 
Bryan and Adlai E. Stevenson. Its Chairman was Andrew Carnegie. John A. 
Stewart was the Executive Chairman. It purposed to celebrate the One Hun- 
dredth Anniversary of the Treaty of Ghent, and the fact that under it for a cen- 
tury the longest international boundary in the world, extending from the Atlantic 
to the Pacific, with 3840 miles of opportunity for trouble, had neither been watched 
nor guarded by fort, gun-boat, soldier or policeman. Some of the opportunities 
for trouble were of such magnitude as would have led to war between nations not 
possessed of a longing as were your nation and ours, to settle national differences 
like those of individuals, through peaceful methods. Among the chances for 
strife were: 

1. The Northeastern Boundary. 

2. The boundary at Passamaquoddy Bay. 

3. The boundary along the Great Lakes. 

4. The liability to pay for slaves. 

5. The Northwestern boundary in the Columbia River vicinity, the 
United States contending for the line denominated fifty-four forty. 

6. The claims of Hudson Bay Company and Puget's Sound Agri- 
cultural Company. 

7. The St. Albans Raid Claims. 

8. The claims for American fishing in Canadian waters. 

9. The boundary at Vancouver Island. 

10. The Behring Sea Seal Fishing. 

11. The Alaska Boundary; and 

12. The rights of American fishermen off the North Atlantic coast 

and in the St. Lawrence River. 

Each of these disputes has been amicably settled. None, however serious, 
has left any rancor in its wake to prejudice a settlement of later disputes. 

It was thought of the men who organized the American Committee and be- 
came prominent in its workings, that a suitable celebration of such an event should 
begin in Ghent, where the Treaty was signed, and on its One Hundredth Anni- 
versary prominent public men of both nations and Canada should participate. 
That this should be followed by celebrations in England and along and throughout 
the boundary line between Canada and the United States. Such celebrations it 
was fondly believed would not only strengthen the friendly relations which, had 
been slowly but firmly building between our countries, but would also focus the 
attention of the people of the whole world upon the demonstrated fact that 
nations can, if they will, settle their differences, either through diplomacy or ar- 
bitration. A policy strongly favored by both of our countries. 

But the leading purpose was, of course, to bring the two great English- 
speaking nations into such strong fellowship that they should ever continue to 
settle their difficulties by peaceful methods, as in the century past. The Com- 
mittee was no more unmindful than you, that the Declaration of Independence, 
followed by a number of years of fighting between the Sons of England and the 
descendants of the Sons of England, brought about a considerable measure of 
friction between the kindred on opposite sides of the Atlantic. For kindred they 
were. 91 per cent of the population in the thirteen states at the beginning of the 
Revolution was of English stock. 

86 



Moreover, the Committee knew that persistent efForts were being made in 
our country to create a hostile feeling toward England. 

Prominent Americans of either German birth or descent, refused to join our 
organization. All this was understood fairly well when Ambassador Von Bern- 
stofF manifested his unfriendliness towards this organization, which sought to 
signalize a century's achievement in the direction of unwatched and unguarded 
boundaries. However, it was the firm conviction of the members of the new 
organization in the United States that the time had come to lay old differences, 
and upon that foundation to erect a solid structure of national friendship. The 
ideals of the two nations are much the same, and there seems to be quite sufficient 
reason for it in the fact that we speak the same language, are inheritors of the same 
literature and each blessed with a system of jurisprudence founded upon the 
Common Law of England, the States having adopted the Common Law by Con- 
stitutions, in which they have also incorporated the great principles of English 
liberty which cost you a struggle of nearly five hundred years. 

In the circumstances to which I have so briefly referred, we thought it but 
natural that two wholesome peoples should come to think very much alike, and if 
each were educated to think well of the other, they would come, in the course of 
time, to be helpful, the one to the other, in the elevation of the standards of citi- 
zenship and in properly considering the obligation of each to the family of nations. 
A friendship thus brought about — a very different friendship than that resulting 
from a mere bargain or agreement between the heads of two Governments to stand 
together — would, it was believed, result in the end, in Great Britain and the 
United States using their combined influence for the peace of the world and the 
good of humanity. 

The friendship of the two peoples, from which friendly governments would 
naturally result, seemed to the founders of the organization worthy of their best 
efForts. 

Two years later, and in May, 1913, the pleasure was mine of delivering an 
address of welcome in the City of New York to a distinguished party of English- 
men, headed by Lord Wearedale, who came to take counsel with the Canadian 
representatives and ourselves as to the character of this celebration and the de- 
tails. That our people were at that time becoming very much interested in a 
closer relationship between Great Britain and the United States, is most strikingly 
illustrated by the fact that in September of that very year, the American Bar 
Association, approximately 10,000 members, coming from every state in the 
Union, held its annual meetmg, not in its own country, but in Montreal, Canada. 
It invited the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, the Right Honorable 
Richard Burdon Haldane, to deliver the annual address. The invitation was 
accepted, and the distinguished speaker was presented to the Association by the 
head of the Judicial System of the United States, Chief Justice White. 

Under the leadership of the "American Committee", and in furtherance of 
the general plan of celebration which had been agreed upon in May of 1913, when 
Lord Wearedale and his party came to us, a great Convention was held on Macki- 
nac Island, situated midway between the United State and Canada. Delegates 
came to that Convention who were appointed, by the Governors of every State 
extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific. From the provinces of Canada and 
also from the organizations in each country, then aggregating many thousands of 
public-spirited citizens, who believed that the race that was heard from in no 
uncertain tones at Runnymede and Bunker Hill, will forever stand for the great 
principles of liberty enunciated in England, and later incorporated into our 
several Constitutions, and believed, too, that they should stand together for the 
wider recognition of the doctrine that there can be no controversy between nations 
which cannot be solved by peaceful means. 

I presided over the Mackinac Island Convention, which had a successful 
meeting, lasting three days. And when it adjourned, there was not a war cloud 

87 



in siglit of the delegates. And yet, in a little over two weeks, six nations were at 
war. We greatly regretted that the war compelled the putting aside of the plans 
of celebration. 

Some feared that such efforts toward friendship were doomed to failure. But 
looking back over all the events that have since transpired we can see that the 
closer ties for which we were working have come in a measure greater by f.ir than 
our imaginations conceived. We, m America, have watched Great Britain in 
its glorious conduct of a war which cost her dearly. We know — aye, all the world 
knows now, that her pledge of the last man and the last dollar would have been 
forthcoming, had there been need. It is well worth while for any nation to count 
such a nation among its friends, and today I make bold to say that •;ve do count 
your nation among our friends. 

Our Government could not have taken our nation into the war when Great 
Britain went, if it had tried to do so. Washington had warned our people against 
entangling alliances abroad. His warning was accepted by people and statesmen 
for over a century, until it seemed a part of the unwritten law. 

"It is always an impressive sight when an idea takes possession of the mill- 
ions and wields the living mass as if it were its soul." That sight we saw at home. 
More than a hundred millions of people, barring some Germans and Austrians, 
and their sympathizers, came at last to the belief that unless they helped the Allies, 
our nation, and perhaps the whole world, might in the end become the slaves of 
Germany. The realization of such a possibility opened their eyes. Broader 
vision brought the conviction that Washington's views, sound when we were a 
small and isolated nation, have no application now that our nation is full-grown, 
and isolation exists nowhere on eartii, except at the poles. To those who pointed 
out the fearful loss of life and the cost in treasure that would ensue our entry into 
the war there came from all over the country the response: "God has so prospered 
this nation that it has come to have 5;reat power — a power that is needed to turn 
the scales for the good of humanity. Undoubtedly it was and is part of the Divine 
plan that we should exercise that power. And we must. Compelled at the last 
by our sympathy with the righteous cause of the Allies and by our conviction 
that we were called to share in the defense of freedom, we were swept into line 
as if marshalled by the power that commands all things. 

While our entry was belated, and, under the circumstances, as I feel, ex- 
cusably so, it will jiot be claimed that we failed to play a manly part after we 
were in. We think you saw in us something of the spirit, energy, courage and 
dogged determination to win, which is characteristic of your people and your 
Government. We believe you are convinced, as are our people, that working 
together we can help to keep the peace of the world. Moreover, we shall know at 
the outset, that if we agree to act in a definite way, the pledge of both nations 
will be kept, come what will. 

With such a foundation of respect, confidence and good will, we can con- 
fidentlv undertake the building up of an enduring friendship between our peoples. 
One ofthe organizations devoted to that work is the SULGRAVE INSTITUTION. 
There is a branch of it here in England, and another branch in the United States. 
The men in it from the United States are for the most part recruited from the 
membership of the American Committee of 1909 and 1914. For the name 
"Sulgrave Institution" we are indebted to the wise and generous Englishmen 
who bought Sulgrave Manor, the ancestral home in England of George Washing- 
ton, our first President, whose memory is loved and revered by every American 
citizen. This generous act warmed our hearts, and the American Branch has 
sent its Chancellor to present to you, in its behalf, a monument of another Presi- 
dent, of whom, in our country, we often speak as "The Immortal Lincoln." 

It should be said that the Sulgrave Institution is able to make this presenta- 
tion, because one of its Governors, Mr. Charles P. Taft, and his good wife, gave 
us the statue, which is the work of the famous sculptor, George Grey Barnard. 
As this gift indicates, the donors are among the foremost of our public-spirited 
citizens in their effort for the general good. As useful in the field they have chosen 



for helpfulness as their brother, Ex-President Taft is in his. To them the Sul- 
grave Institution at home owes a debt which it is not possible to pay. 

This monument which we leave with you as an earnest expression of our good 
will and of our desire for agreeable and mutually helpful relations during all 
the future, is of one who was a President of the United States during the tim; when 
the question was settled forever that ours is a Union of Statss, one and insepara- 
ble. As an incident of that controversy, four millions of slaves were made free, 
and slavery abolished forever in the United States. 

With the exception of George Washington, the memory of no one of our 
Presidents is today treasured with such affectionate regard as that of Lincoln. 
And through the wise generositj' of some of your people, Washington, together 
with the English home of his ancestors, will furnish the inspiration, by virtue of 
which the Sulgrave Institution of England and America, will work wonders for 
the cause of enduring friendship between our nations. 

Moreover, Lincoln, the President, ideally represents the United States as 
she was from the beginning and is today. The real truth is that his rise is no 
different from that of many men from the earliest days of our history, coming out 
of an ancestry of honest, industrious and courageous men and loyal, chaste. God- 
fearing women, compelled to aid in the family labors as soon as able to do so, and 
complying cheerfully too, acquiring knowledge after the tasks of the day were 
done, sometimes by the glow of a pine knot, and later by the light of candle or 
lamp; borrowing a book here and there, and returning them. 

In Lincoln's boyhood home there were but three books, the Bible, Aesop's 
Fables and Pilgrim's Progress, — books that he so thoroughly studied that they 
became of wondrous value to him in his public career. 

Lincoln, like others, borrowed books from the neighbors, and one interesting 
story is of his borrowing a Life of Washington by Weems, from a neighbor named 
Crawford. That evening Lincoln read until the tallow dip burned out, and then 
the house, being built of logs, he slipped the book between two of them. During 
the night a rain storm came, and soaked many of the pages of the book. Straight 
to Crawford went the boy, told him of this misfortune, and asked that he might 
work for him until the book was paid for. The proposition was accepted. Three 
days of work were performed and the half-ruined book was his to master. This 
story is not new, but it shows the character of the boy Lincoln. 

About no man in the United States has so much been written and spoken — 
much of it written by men of his generation, and some by admirers of the present 
generation. 

And the end is not yet, although nothing new about him can be presented. 
Black said of him:^ 

"Whoever imparts a new view of his character must tell it to the newborn, to 
"whom all things are new, for to the intelligent and mature, his name and 
"virtues have been long familiar. His was the power that commanded ad- 
"miration and the humanity that invited love; mild but inflexible, just, but 
"merciful; great, but simple. He possessed a head that commanded men 
"and a heart that attracted babes. His conscience was strong enough to 
"bear continual use. It was not alone for public occasions nor great emer- 
"gencies. It was never a capital, but always a chart. It was never his ser- 
"vant, to be dismissed at will, but his companion to be always at his side. 
"It was with him, but never behind him, for he knew that a pursuing con- 
"science is an accuser, and not a guide, and brings remorse instead of com- 
"fort. His greatness did not depend upon his title, for greatness was his 
"when the title was bestowed. He leaned upon no fiction of nobility, and 
"kissed no hand to obtain his rank, but the stamp of nobility and power 
"which he wore was conferred upon him in that log hut in Kentucky, that 
"day in 1809, when he and Nancy Hanks were first seen there together. And 
"it was conferred by a power which, unlike earthly potentates, never confers 

89 



"a title without a character that will adorn it. When we understand the 
"tremendous advantages of a humble birth, when we realize that the priva- 
"tions of youth are the pillars of strength to maturer years, then we shall 
"cease to wonder that out of such obscure surroundings as watched the 
"coming of Abraham Lmcoln should spring the colossal and supreme figure 
"of modern history." 

He was born February 12, 1809, became a member of the Legislature of the 
State of Illinois at twenty-five, and by reason of subsequent annual elections, 
served in that body for a period of eight years. 

In 1846, when he was 37, his party cast about for a candidate for Congress in 
a district deemed hopeless. The opposing candidate was Peter Cartright — the 
most famous of all pioneer preachers — so that, in the hope of carrying the dis- 
trict, Lincoln was the first and last choice. He was successful by an ample ma- 
jority, and served a single term of two sessions, beginning in December, 1847, 
and ending March 4, 1849. There has been a tendency to belittle or overlook 
this phase of Lincoln's public life. Considering the circumstances, it was a won- 
derfully interesting, as well as a successful episode in his life — a fitting introduction 
to the wider career upon which he then entered. 

He had been admitted to the Bar at 27 years of age, and achieved a consider- 
able measure of success. Riding the circuit, as was the custom in those days, he 
had opportunity to and did meet the leaders of the Bar of his State. He was 
prevented from attaining the leading position at the Bar, however, because of his 
efl^orts to render high public service. That service took so much of his time from 
that exacting profession, the law, that undisputed leadership at the Bar was 
not for him. 

THE DEBATE WITH DOUGLAS 

Lincoln had early taken a strong, though conservative position on the slavery 
question, best exemplified by his protest in 1837 against a Leglislative Resolution 
on the subject. He and a colleague united in declaring their belief that "The 
institution of slavery is founded both on injustice and bad policy; but that the 
promulgation of abolition doctrines tends rather to increase than abate its evils." 
In these words 'vill be found the key to his oosition during the remainder of his 
life, and nothing could move him from it. He never abandoned either of the 
policies involved in this declaration, and they were to give him in due time the 
support that he needed. 

In 1858, as the candidate of the Republican Partv for United States Senator 
from Illinois, he challenged Steven A. Douglas, the Democratic nominee, and then 
a member of the Senate and a candidate for re-election, to a joint debate. The 
one confident, well-entrenched public figure of his time was Steven A. Douglas. 
As Senator from Illinois, strong, confident, over-bearing in his personal position 
and attitude, and yet a born compromisor, he had been able fairly to hold the 
balance in his party upon the slavery question which had then become the only 
one in politcs. Ambitious, resourceful, drawing his supporters with hooks of 
steel, he was on,e of the most virile figures ever seen in our larger public life. 
While the contest was plainly hopeless, it was necessary to confront this success- 
ful man with the best that his opponents could muster, and Lincoln stood ready 
for the work. And it was the most remarkable contest thus far seen in all our 
history. Whatever else may come, whatever the changes of our politics, there can 
never be another such political tourney. The time, the men, the single issue 
which then divided our people, the public interest and excitement — these may be 
simulated but they cannot be reproduced. American politics will never see 
another Douglas-Lincoln Debate, or anything fairly resembling it. It was more 
than politics for our fathers, those hearty pioneers — it'was the drama carried into 
real life, and represented by two unsurpassed actors. It brought immediate suc- 
cess to Douglas, and enduring fame to Lincoln, and forced to a settlement the 
issue which they debated with so much spirit and candor. "A house divided 
against itself cannot stand; I believe this Government cannot endure permanent- 

90 



ly, half slave and half free," — the famous declaration of Lincoln, — was to become 
the watchword of the people, assert itself on many a battlefield and find accep- 
tance at last in every section of a great country. Lincoln lost the Senatorship 
to Douglas, but his speeches in that debate won for him two years later the nomi- 
nation and the election to the Presidency. 

The rest of the story is logical, a necessity in the nature of things. It was 
inevitable that the man who had turned a great and dangerous movement into 
conservative lines, had inspirited the halting, curbed the unreasonable and brought 
them both upon the same platform, should be their chosen leader in a crisis. The 
time had come when the pioneer mind was to find recognition, and, through the 
mists of party, we can now see that Lincoln was its prophet. Looking back over 
our history it is surprising, in how many cases we can perceive that, in the day of 
need, some leader has arisen in a country or in a State, or even in a city, certamly 
in an army, whose merits were obvious and who, in the nature of events, has been 
brought to the front. That such a one was necessary, the only man, it would be 
difficult to maintain, but it would be impossible, in most instances, to choose the 
alternative name. 

Whether any other man's leadership could have preserved the Union we 
know not; only this we do know; Lincoln's did. 

THE STRUGGLE FOR THE UNION 

One month and seven days after his Inauguration on March 4, 1861, as Presi- 
dent of the United States, Fort Sumpter was fired upon and the struggle on the 
one hand for the preservation of the Union, and on the other, to establish the 
right of States to secede was begun. About a month after the Inauguration, 
Secretary Seward, in a letter which became public said: "Change the question 
before the public from one upon slavery or about slavery for a question upon 
Union or dis-union." In other words, he recommended that they should escape 
from a discussion of a party question, such as the abolition of slavery, and take 
up in its stead, a patriotic question involving a struggle to save the nation from 
destruction. 

Whether the purpose of the letter was to feel the public pulse on the question, 
I cannot say, but it is interesting to note that nearly five years before Lincoln 
had said in a debate in answer to the advocates of the right of secession, "We do 
not \\'ant to disrupt the Union; You shall not." Moreover, from that time on the 
preservation of the Union became his one avowed purpose, and every effort of his 
and of those closely in touch with him was concentrated upon an effort to secure 
support for the Union. 'This purpose found its fullest expression in the famous 
letter of August 22, 1862, to Horace Greeley — a declaration worthy of study again 
and again by those who would understand the philosophy of Lincoln. He said: 

"I would save the Union. I would save it in the shortest way under the Con- 
stitution. The sooner the national authority can be restored, the nearer the 
Union will be the 'Union it was.' If there be those who would not save the Union 
unless they could at the same time save slavery, I do not agree with them. If 
there be those who would not save the Union unless they could at the same time 
destroy slavery, I do not agree with them. My paramount object in this struggle 
is to save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery. If I could 
save the Union without freeing any slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it 
by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and 
leaving others alone, I would also do that. What I do about slavery and the 
colored race, I do because I believe it helps the Union; and what I forbear, I 
forbear because I do not believe it would help to save the Union. I shall do less 
whenever I believe what I am doing hurts the cause, and I shall do more whenever 
I shall believe doing more will help the cause. I shall try to correct errors when 
shown to be errors, and I shall adopt new views so fast as they shall appear to be 
true views." 

91 



He watched with anxious solicitude the effect of this policy and only nine days 
before the issue of the Emancipation Proclamation he said of the Union soldiers 
from the border slave states: 

"Every day increases their Union feeling. 
They are getting their pride aroused." 
While welcoming criticism, he never failed to rebuke those among his most 
assertive friends who reproached him for his hesitation in accepting the policies 
advocated by the extremists. 

Although the Emancipation Proclamation was dated September 22, 1862, to 
take effect January 1, 1863, he seems never at any time to have looked upon it as 
a political finality, or as more than a military policv of necessity. He continued 
his appeals for the Union uhatever might be the fare of slavery. On October 5, 
1863, he wrote to Mr. Drake and others of Missouri, a letter in which he said: 

"We are in civil war. In such cases there always is a main question; 
but in this case that question is a perplexing compound, Union and Slavery. 
It thus becomes a question not of two sides merely, but of at least four sides, 
even among those who are for the Union, saying nothing of. those who are 
against it. Thus, those who are for the Union with, but not without, slav- 
ery — those for it without, but not with — those for it ^vith or without but 
prefer it with — and those for it with or without, but prefer it without." 
Of commanding importance in a study of his attitude are his efforts to ac- 
complish emancipation by compensation for the value of slaves. He consistently 
favored the application of this principle to the border States and the portions of 
the revolted States excepted from the operations of the Proclamation, still adhering 
to his declared policy that the one thing to be done was the preservation of the 
Union without any relation to the existence of slavery its.elf On February 5, 
1865, only four weeks before his inauguartion for a second term, he prepared the 
draft of a message to Congress in which he proposed to apply this principal of 
compensation to the States still in arms against Federal authority. The war was 
then practically at an end, resistance having ceased over a considerable part of 
the seceded States. 

"Fellow citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives: I respect- 
fully recommend that a joint resolution, substantially as follows, be adopted 
as soon as practicable by your honorable bodies. 

"Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 
States of America, in Congress assembled. That the President of the United 
States is hereby empowered, in his discretion, to pay 3^00,000,003. to the 
States of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, 
Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Caro- 
lina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia, in the manner and on the 
conditions following, to wit: The payment to be made in six per cent 
government bonds, and to be distributed among said States pro rata on their 
respective slave populations as shown by the census of 1860, and no part 
of said sum to be paid unless all resistance to the national authority shall be 
abandoned and cease, on or before the first day of April next; and upon such 
abandonment and ceasing of resistance, one-half of said sum to be paid 
in manner aforesaid, and the remaining half to be paid only upon the amend- 
ment of the National Constitution recently proposed by Congress becoming 
valid law, on or before the first day of July next, by the action thereon of the 
requisite number of States. 

"The adoption of such Resolution is sought with a view to embody it, 
with other propositions, in a Proclamation looking to peace and re-union. 
"Whereas, a joint Resolution has been adopted by Congress, in the words 
following: 

"Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, do pro- 
claim, declare, and make known, that on the conditions therein stated, the power 
conferred on the executive in and by said joint Resolution will be fully exercised; 

92 



that war will cease and armies be reduced to a basis of peace, that all political 
ofFenses will be pardoned; that all property, except slaves, liable to confiscation 
or forfeiture, will be released therefrom, except in cases of intervening interests of 
third parties; and that liberality will be recommended to Congress upon all points 
not lying within executive control." 

(Indorsement) 

"February 5, 1865. Today these papers, which explain themselves, were 
drawn up and submitted to the Cabinet and unanimously disapproved by them. 

A. Lincoln." 

These are impressive papers. They were made when the war was closing. 
Though the formal surrender of Lee did not take place until two months and four 
daj's later, it was bound to come without much more struggle. The Southland 
had made for its population, the greatest fight in history; but the foods, arms and 
munitions v.ere almost gone and the men — aye, and the boys, too, were going fast. 
To hold out longer against overwhelming numbers, backed by an unlimited sup- 
ply of food and war equipment of ever}' kind was impossible. President Lincoln 
knew it too. No one knew it better — not even the Head of the Southern Con- 
federacy. Why then, did he ask the support of his Cabinet for a proposition that 
was not necessarj^ to end the war in favor of the Union.'' 

The answer seems to me to be that he did so for two reasons: 

First: Because he wished to secure absolutely the freedom of the slaves. 
It may be answered that the slaves were already freed by the Emancipation 
Proclamation which took effect January 1, 1863. Whether that were so, was a 
subject of great debate. It was strongly contended that such portion of the 
slaves as should be found within the Southern Army lines at the close of the war 
would be unaffected by this war measure, and would continue the property of their 
owners, notwithstanding the Proclamation of the Executive. The purchase of 
the slaves therefore would make certain that which many disputed, namely; 
their freedom. 

Second: He hoped by the exchange of money for slaves to put Four hundred 
millions of Dollars in the Southern States to start them on the long, hard road of 
rebuilding and restoring a devastated and impoverished country. 

Those who recall the frightful struggle through which the South passed in the 
days following the war, because they were without money with which to buy the 
necessaries of life, to say nothing of seed and fertilizers and farming implements, 
realize now that the hateful reconstruction period would never have been written, 
had the broad-minded, warm-hearted forgiving Lincoln escaped the assasin's 
bullet. 

It is meet that this Monument of Lincoln should be erected in Manchester 
by some of your kinsmen from across the sea, for it will recall to you that it repre- 
sents the man who was the leader of the cause so heartily sustained by cotton 
spinners of Manchester and the mass of your people generally under the leader- 
ship of John Bright and Richard Cobden in the dark days of the Civil War in the 
United States, and the "Cotton Famine" in Lancashire, ^incoln in Manchester 
stands at once for the high ideals of the American pioneer and of the Manches- 
ter Spinner. 



93 



WASHINGTON-SULGRAVE SCHOLARSHIPS 

Charles Stewart Davison . 

Of those agencies which lead to a better understanding among 
peoples none is more fruitful than the interchange of scholars. 
Not of the immature and unformed and equally not of the old and 
prejudiced. To educate the school-boys of one nation in another 
is, for the purpose in view, an idle expenditure of time and money 
as is equally the exchange professorship idea, which is intended, 
as it admirably does, to subserve another use. These primary 
considerations the Sulgrave Institution has recognized in the 
comprehensive plan for Research Studentships at the University 
of Cambridge for American graduate scholars, and for Scholar- 
ships in this country for young Englishmen which it has formu- 
lated. 

In the latter portion of the general plan considerable progress 
has been made. Through the generous and enlightened apprecia- 
tion of the President of Colgate University three scholarships 
have been instituted therein, open to young Englishmen desiring 
to pursue courses of instruction in this country. Under the terms 
thereof all tuition fees and all University charges are remitted. 
The details of the practical operation of the plan at Colgate are 
now being worked out and the British Sulgrave upon their 
completion will take steps to select the first incumbents thereof. 
The matter is also under advisement in the University of Vir- 
ginia in which institution the plan is under the auspices of one of 
the Board of Trustees, and it is hoped that provision for caring 
for two scholars will be made. Perhaps the most important 
development of this portion of the plan is that now being put into 
operation at the State School of Agriculture at Morrisville, New 
York, concerning which the Chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee has received a memorandum that the British Agricultural 
Board, of which Lord Lee is the Chairman, is undertaking to 
select six British youths to send out for the purpose of pursuing 
courses there. Concerning that portion of the plan which con- 
templates the instituting of thirty-four Research Studentships in 
the University of Cambridge (two at each of the seventeen colleges 
of that ancient seat of learning) it may be said that the committee 

94 



in charge is perfecting the details. The Foundations are to be 
permanent and are open to graduates of American colleges — 
aged between 21 and 25, and care should be exercised in pre- 
scribing the regulations, that best results may be obtained. 
The preliminary proposals have been sympathetically regarded by 
the Heads of several of the Colleges of the University who have 
been personally consulted by the committee as also by the Uni- 
versity authorities and donations towards the fund are already 
being received. Each studentship is to last for two 3^ears — the 
requisite time to obtain the full certificate which is granted by 
the University on the successful completion of the course pre- 
scribed in some one of the established lines of research open to 
graduate scholars. 

For the permanent foundation of one of these Research 
Studentships it is estimated that only the sum of twenty-five 
thousand dollars will be required so that the complete plan whereby 
there would be maintained continuously a body of thirty-four 
research students at Cambridge can be put in operation for ap- 
proximately eight hundred thousand dollars. 

In accordance with the English, as indeed the American, cus- 
tom the various foundations will be known by the names of the 
respective benefactors and it would be difficult to associate one's 
name with a more worthy and efficient agency for bringing about 
that intelligent co-operation, founded on mutual comprehension 
which, if the general structure of society is to be preserved by the 
influence of the English speaking peoples, is essential as well for 
us, as for our cousins on the other side of the Atlantic. 

The project has appealed to a number of thoughtful persons 
so fortunately situated as to be able to render this practical ser- 
vice to society and the hope is not wholly ill-founded that within a 
year the entire scheme will be in full operation. 

INDEPENDENCE— DEPENDENCE— INTERDEPENDENCE 

James H. Darlington, Bishop of Harrisburg. 
"Free speech" is claimed as one of England's greatest glories 
and rightly so, but the wild expressions and half-crazed epithets 
of irresponsible, soap-box orators haranguing small groups of boys 
and men in our parks or on our street corners, should not be 
cabled across the Atlantic to disturb the mind of our English 

95 



cousin. They are the words of those who are merely ranters, who 
have no followers worth speaking of, and no influence in the cities 
where they dwell. The great body of intelligent citizens of the 
United States looks upon England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland 
with almost the same feeling that they would upon any four states 
of the Union outside of their own Commonwealth. 

With us in America the newspapers abound in jokes and comi- 
cal criticisms of the Eastern States on the Atlantic by theWestern 
States on the Pacific, and of little squibs upon the Northern 
States on the Canadian border from the Southern States on the 
Gulf of Mexico, and vice versa. The baseball clubs and the foot- 
ball teams are praised and hacked by the localities from which 
they come, and everything possible is done to stimulate a friendly 
rivalry between the towns to win a championship over their 
rivals. But when the season is over, and the prizes are awarded 
the victors are praised by all, and no bad feeling is engendered by 
the defeats. So exactly it is in the feeling of the United States 
towards Great Britain and Canada. Citizens here in great 
majority hold not that the English speaking people ought to be 
one, but that they are already 07ie and have been for a hundred 
years. 

General George Washington, while esteemed here as "First 
in war, first in peace, first in the hearts of his countrymen," 
should be equally held in honor and claimed by Great Britain. 
He was English in his nature, of English blood and training, and 
it was as an Englishman, as well as an American colonist and 
citizen, that he led the American Army and gave battle to the 
exorbitant demands of the Mother Country in the Revolutionary 
war. "Britons never will be slaves," and the over-exactions by 
the crown and parliament in 1776 were a little later declared 
to have been unjust by the general voice of the English press 
and people. He and his generals and advisers had the active and 
sympathetic aid of many in parliament who condemned the war 
in America at that time, as unnecessary and unjust. The great 
universities of England have their students going from the 
United States every year, and almost every important book, 
issued in England, has an American edition printed on this side of 
the water. School teachers and their pupils by the thousands from 
our schools take trips each summer to visit England's cathedrals, 

96 



and, as a verger would tell you, on almost any day during the 
spring or summer you would find more Americans in Westminster 
Abbey and in St. Paul's Cathedral, than all other nations together. 
The hotel clerks and guides in Stratford on Avon say that more 
Americans visit Shakespeare's birthplace and tomb daily than all 
other nations combined. 

The founding and preservation of the Washington Manor 
House, under the care of the Sulgrave Institution, w^ill add another 
shrine to which Americans will make pilgrimages. The hold of 
Washington upon the imagination was shown at the beginning of 
the civil w'ar, w^hen the seceding States felt they must have the 
Washington family coat of arms somehow represented in their 
flag, and as the Federal government had already chosen the stars 
and stripes, they selected the "stars and bars" in the form of St 
Andrew's Cross. 

One real reason why the United States did not more quickly 
enlist in the world war against the German, Austrian and Turkish 
Alliance was, perhaps, an over confidence in the invincibilit}^ of 
Great Britain, and the feeling that she did not need our aid. As 
soon, however, as it became apparent that through the power for 
harm of German submarines the food supply of the British Isles 
was in danger, and when General Haig cried out that England's 
heroes were "fighting with their backs against the wall", the 
United States regretted its delay, and did all it could to aid with 
arms and men, with ships and money. 

We must in the future be more confidential the one with the 
other. All the liberties we have barken back to the great Magna 
Charta obtained from King John, and as our Fourth of July is 
celebrated throughout America and many places in England as 
Independence Day, because on that day our great Declaration 
was signed in Philadelphia, in 1776, so I wish that the same day a 
month later, August 4th, 1914, might be celebrated throughout 
the British Possessions and the world as Dependence Day, the day 
on which Great Britain declared warto keep her plighted w^ord to 
little Belgium. Such a brave deed well deserves universal 
recognition. 

Perhaps a few years later when we have learned to recognize 
more fully what it means to have our soldier and sailor boys stand 
shoulder to shoulder in battle and shed their blood and die for a 

97 



common cause; and when our martyrs who have made the great 
sacrifice and lie side by side in French cemeteries have drawn our 
hearts closer together, perhaps we may be able to arrange for a 
September or an October celebration which we may name IN- 
TERDEPENDENCE DAY, which even the four horses which 
St. John saw in the Apocalypse can never break because it is 
formed not by the ambition or through the contrivance of men, but 
for the peace and prosperity of the world; and may we ask in 
prayer the great Father of all to give His blessing on this English 
Speaking Unio7i for freedom and righteousness, so that "what God 
hath joined together" no man can put asunder. 



98 



SULGRAVE'S CHRISTMAS GIFT 

Alfred University, Alfred, N. Y., December 20, 1919. 
Mr. John A. Stewart, 

Pres. Sulgrave Institution. 
Woolworth Bldg., 
New York City. 

Dear Mr. Stewart: 

As a good-will offering to the cause of American-British 
friendship and as a Christmas gift to the Sulgrave Institutions of 
Great Britain and America, Alfred University offers six scholar- 
ships — three for girls and three for boys — to students recom- 
mended by the Sulgrave Institutions. 

Every line of college endeavor is open to these scholars, 
namely, the College of Liberal Arts, the School of Ceramics and 
Clayworking and the School of Agriculture. It may interest you 
to know that the director of the School of Ceramics was formerly 
a director of the Royal Porcelain Works at Worcester, England. 

Wishing you all the greetings of the season, I am 

Faithfully yours, 
(Signed) Boothe C. Davis, (President). 

WISE WORDS FROM BECK 

"Anglo-American unity, upon which the peace of the world 
may, in the future, so largely rest, depends less upon the expedi- 
ents of statesmen and obligations of written treaties, than upon 
the potent sentiment of loyalty to the great destinies of the 
English-speaking race. 

"The great essentials to this unity are appreciation and 
understanding. 

"Today, as never before, the two nations appreciate each 
other. The sentiment cf fraternity and the unity of our two great 
nations will not be accomplished merely by the gushing exchange, 
as two school girls, of reciprocal flatter3^ Rather we should meet 
as men of experience and strength who know that there is no 
diplomacy quite so effective as that of transparent candour, and 
that between two nations, who have the common aim of the 

99 



welfare of civilization, there can be no conflict, save of opinion, 
over ways and methods. Let our motto be: 'In essentials, unity; 
in non-essentials, liberality. In all things, charity.'" 

James M. Beck. 

PRINCE OF WALES DINNER 
Notable Event in the History of Sulgrave Institution 

On November 19, 1919, the Sulgrave Institution, in friendly 
association with the St. George's Society, St. Andrew's Society, 
St. David's Society, the English-Speaking Union, the Canadian 
Club, Canadian Society and the British Schools and Universities, 
gave a dinner to H. R. H. the Prince of Wales. Former President 
William Howard Taft, a member of the Sulgrave Board of Gover- 
nors and also the Advisory Council, presided, and the speakers 
were Sulgrave members — Chancellor Alton B. Parker, former 
Governor Charles Evans Hughes, Dr. John H. Finley, Dr. John 
Grier Hibben, President of Princeton, and Rev. William Thomas 
Manning, Rector of Trinity Church. The guests of honor were: 

Captain Geoffrey Blake, D. S. O., R. N. 

Samuel Gompers 

Captain E. C. Kennedy, R. N. 

Colonel Rodman Wanamaker 

Air Commodore E. O. Charlton, R. A. F. 

Rear Admiral Harry McL. P. Huse, U. S. N. 

Major General David C. Shanks, U. S. A. 

Rear Admiral James H. Glennon, U. S. N. 

Sir William Tyrrell 

Major General John Biddle, U. S. A. 

Major General Sir Henry Burstall. K. C. B., K. C. M. G. 

President John Grier Hibben 

Rear Admiral Morgan Singer, C. B. 

Hon. Charles E. Hughes 

His Excellency Viscount Grey of Falloden, K. G. 

Hon. William Howard Taft 

His Royal Highness, Edward Prince of Wales 

Hon. Alton B. Parker 

Jefferson CafFery 

Sir Lionel Halsey, K. C. B., K. C. M. G. 

100 



Dr. John H. Finley 

Rev. Dr. William T. Manning 

Major General H. K. Bethell, C. B., C. M. G., D. S. O. 

Major General John F. O'Ryan 

Rear Admiral Albert P. Niblack, U. S. N. 

Rear Admiral J. D. McDonald, U. S. N. 

Commissioner of Police Richard E. Enright 

Captain E. A. Taylor, R. N. 

Hon. James M. Beck 

Acting Consul General Frederick Watson 

Mr. Rustom Rustomgee 

The Executive Committe was: 

Chair mart, George W, Burleigh 
Fice-Chairmen, Norrie Sellar, R. A. C. Smith 
Treasurer, Perley Morse 
George F. Baker Walter Scott 

Edward F. Darrell Fred Warner Shibley 

J. Vipond Davies John A. Stewart 

William H. Gardiner Rev. John Williams 

Alexander B. Halliday John Castree Williams 

Andrew B. Humphrey George T. Wilson 

Arthur Knowlson 

Among the Committee of Arrangements were: 

J. P. Morgan Jacob H. SchifF 

Otto H. Kahn Elbert H. Gary 

Martin Vogel James M. Beck 

Frank A. Vanderlip Paul D. Cravath 

James B. Forgan Nicholas F. Brady 

Charles Phelps Taft Edward W. Hatch 
James Shewan 

The speakers were felicitous, the Prince being easily the peer 
of any other in this regard. The dinner was one of the most 
brilliant ever held in the City of New York. 



101 



EXCERPTS FROM THE SPEECHES 

WiLLiAiVi Howard Taft: — 

"We have no need to assure Your Royal Highness of the personal esteem in 
which you are held in this country, or the affectionate interest with which our 
people have followed your course from the day you landed in Canada until to- 
night. They like your enjoyment of the things that other people enjoy; they like 
your genuine interest and enthusiasm. They like your willingness to share the 
hardships, and the dangers, with the common soldier in a campaign for your 
country and the world. In short, they like your democracy, which they know to 
be an earnest of the fidelity and success with which you will meet your great 
responsibilities to come. 

His Royal Highness, Prince of Wales: — 

"But now that I am in America I feel well in touch with the objects of the 
Sulgrave Institution ***** whose object I understand, and I know, is 
to keep English-speaking people working in harmony for common ends and for 
common ideals. (Applause). 

"I have long looked forward to coming to the United States and to New York, 
and I am delighted to be here. I feel that the spoiling process which Canada 
carried so far is being completed in the Great Republic. (Applause). I am hav- 
ing a fine time in the United States. My only complaint is that my visit is far 
too short." (Applause). 

Honorable Charles Evans Hughes: — 

"We recall that day, that fateful day, when the question of Great Britain's 
relation to the War was to be determined. We remember the intelligent and 
zealous efforts which were put forth to assure an honorable peace; but when that 
was impossible, England did not hesitate to go the way where honor pointed. 
With every endeavor to avoid that terrible struggle, in a crisis the gravity of which 
was fully appreciated, there was not a moment's hesitation when the exigency ap- 
peared, and the question was whether there should be a temporizing policy or a 
fearless challenge, with faith in Almighty God, in order to win the victory over 
a brutal autocracy which had violated the neutrality of Belgium. (Applause). 
Then we watched the beginning of that struggle and the heroism of that little force 
of Territorials, and every man, however intensely American, whether with a drop 
of British blood, or for that matter without a drop of British blood, who saw the 
valor of those Britishers amid the swamps of Ypres, rejoiced that the British 
tradit'on was maintained in its full glory! With that indomitable spirit, defeat 
was impossible. (Applause). 

"There can be no international justice unless there is national justice; and 
there can be no national justice e.xcept in communities filled with men who are 
animated with the spirit of justice, and who cherish those traditions — both of 
civil liberty and of wise restraint — which we have had the good fortune to inherit 
from Great Britain. (Applause). 

"And as we look to the future, we can find no prospect of peace or prosperity 
if the liberty-loving peoples of the world, the peoples that have established the in- 

102 



stitutions of rational liberty, are divided in purpose or in ideal, or the world loses 
the benefit of their cooperation. 

"We, therefore, hail this visit as an omen of a new era, an era in which all 
peoples loving liberty will work together, zealous with respect to their own in- 
terests, jealous of their own rights, but perceiving clearly the necessity for causing 
force to yield to the arbitrament of justice; and determined to take counsel to- 
gether, that hereafter ruthless war shall never be waged — mere force shall never 
raise its head to strike down the sacred right of treaty; and that all peoples, great 
and small, may work out their destiny under the. free institutions which have been 
so largely nourished by the people whose distinguished representative we have the 
pleasure of greeting tonight." (Prolonged applause). 

President John Grier Hibben: — 

"We who meet tonight in honor of Your Royal Highness are of British blood, 
proud of the springs whence our life currents flow. We are here to celebrat.- 
the common heritage which binds our two great nations indissolubly together, 
we are one in a common belief, we believe in the same things; we believe in those 
compelling truths which form our moral and spiritual tradition, and when this 
belief was challenged, a new bond was established between our mother country 
and our own — the bond of comradeship-in-arms. (Applause) 

"It lies deeply hidden on our human nature a phase of the native poetry of our 
being, that in the time of great emergency we crave for a figure to follow, some 
human standard as the concrete object of ail of our loyalty and devotion; and such 
a leader we believe it is your destiny to become. (Applause). The men of your 
generation will naturally look to you as an example of devotion to duty and of 
obedience to the law of sacrifice, to command its loyalty and to lead your genera- 
tion in the realization of all of the possibilities that shall make for the welfare of 
your Empire, for the advancing progress of the civilization, and for the building 
of a new world. It is a task. Your Royal Highness, worthy a king, "Who knoweth 
whether thou art come to the Kingdom for such a time as this?" (Prolonged 
applause) 

President John Finley: — 

"Mr. Chairman, Your Royal Higliness: — When I was on my way to-Pales- 
tine, where I had the honor to serve under that great commander-in-chief, the 
Deliverer of the Holy Land, General Lord Allenby of Meggido — (Applause) — 
I passed through England. It was in the early days of May, 1918, only a few 
days after the Battle of Kemmel Hill, which occurred when I was on the ocean. 
I expected to find England in confusion, if not m panic; for only a f^w days before 
General Haig had said to his men that they were standing with their 'backs to the 
wall'; and that the safety of their families and the freedom of mankind alike 
depended upon the conduct of each one in that critical moment.' I expected to 
find England, I repeat, in confusion and panic; but as Your Royal Highness has 
said I found that 'she was very much herself — (applause). What was she doing 
on that day? She was beginning with unpert.irbed mind the debate in Parlia- 
ment on the Fisher Education Bill, that Bill which has been called the 'Children's 
Charter'. Above the thunder of the guns, which could almost be heard, and 
under the night menace of the skies. President Fisher, the Minister of Education, 

103 



was saying "Education is the eternal debt which maturity owes to youth." 
(Applause). That debate was being continued with deep earnestness and with no 
camouflage of words when the Germans were reaching the Marne. And the bill 
was passed on the 8th of August, the A^ery day that General Rawlinson began the 
return offensive at Amiens. That seemed to me a supreme tribute to England. 

"It was my great fortune to be out at that time at the other end of the "far- 
flung battle line"; I was at service, Your Royal Highness, the Sundaj^ preceding 
the Sth of August, (the fourth anniversary of the beginning of the war) at the very 
tip end of the line, which was being held by the Second Battalion of the Black 
Watch. (Applause). I had spent the night in a tent on the very edge of the sea. 
In the morning we were roused by what the Sons of St. Andrews — at any rate — 
would call "music." (Laughter). We were roused by tht stirring sounds of the 
bagpipes. Then the men of the battalion were formed in a hollow square, about 
the size of this room, with their backs toward the sea and their faces toward the 
hills of Judea, over which the morning sun was glowing. They sang the old 
hymns of the Church. I can still hear them singing one of these "Oh, God, our 
help in ages past." Then the "Padre", as he is called, the Chaplain, read from the 
Old Testament — Dr. Manning can tell you what the Chapter was — the chapter 
which told about the Prophet Elisha, out upon the Plain of Dothan, which was 
only fifty miles away just beyond the hills that were in sight, the plain shat seemed 
to me when a boj- as a vague indefinite place but which later was very real, for a 
few nights after I walked over it with my own two feet, the plain where the Prophet 
Elisha found himself surrounded by a great army one morning. His servant was 
panic-stricken and said, "How shall we do?" And then the servant's eyes were 
opened and he saw another army above, in the air, with horses and chariots of fire 
round about. The Chaplain took for his text a verse from that same chapter; 
"Fear not, for they that be with us are more than the^^ that be with them." 
(Applause). As he preached his sermon, one could hear the sound of the guns not 
far away, punctuating it, and as he neared the end of it, I saw an aeroplane in the 
air, immediately over our heads and it looked, in the golden light of the morning 
sun like a chariot of fire. It seemed to me a symbol of the invisible army fighting 
with Allenby's forces against the visible army of the Turks and the Germans in the 
hills about. Then the Chaplain read an order from the Commander-in-chief, ex- 
pressing hope and confidence, based on the justice of our cause; and faith in the 
sustaining help of the Almighty. 

It is that — that faith, that confidence, that imperturbability, that dogged last- 
ditch valor, that unswerving, unyielding devotion to justice and right — it is all 
these which will make us (of common heritage, we are proud to say) — that will 
make us all kin forever, in the struggle for a better and a happier world for our 
children — two millions of whorn. Your Royal Highness, I have the honor to repre- 
sent here tonight. (Applause) 

"I wish to pay homage in the presence of Your Royal Highness to those of 
your men who have fallen, to those who have made the utmost sacrifice for the 
cause of human freedom; and especially to those who gave their all for the recovery 
of the Holy Land. My only regret is that I could not have fought with them — but 
I shall be lastingly proud that I served under the command of your great General 
there. I pay this homage in a few lines which I w^rote as an epitaph for some of 

104 



your bo_vs out there, who fell at the foot of the last hill before the entrance into 
the Holy City and on the very last day before the entrance was made. The 
graves of these six men lie there under a beautiful old olive tree just at the begin- 
ning of the ascent of this last hill. 

Beyond the hill the Holy City lies. 

These never saw its glory with their eyes, — 

They never reached the crest; 

They perished climbing these last sacred heights; 

But when they died, like true Crusader-Knights, 

Their feet were on the quest. 

May we be worthy to be kin of those who died with "their feet on the quest". 
(Great applause). 
Honorable Alton B. Parker: 

"Mr. Toastmaster, Your Royal Highness: The World War, with its nearly 
13,000,000 of dead and more millions of wounded and diseased, should have 
taught, and I believe it has taught, the peoples of Great Britain and the United 
States, one valuable lesson: that is, that powerful as these nations are, and each of 
them, neither one of them is strong enough to safely face the future alone and 
without friends. (Applause) I hope and believe that the peoples of these two 
great nations have long since reached the conclusion that the very best friend each 
can have is the other nation. This is so not only because both are powerful na- 
tions, but also because our ideals are very much alike. And how could it be other- 
wise? We speak the same language; we enjoy the same literature. England's 
Literature has always been ours. England created the greatest system of law 
which the world has ever known, the Common Law of England : and that Common 
Law is our common law. For, have we not incorporated it into 47 of our 48 
State Constitutions, in words something like this: 

"The Common Law of England, as it existed on the 19th day of April, 1775, 
is and shall continue to be the law of this State, unless amended." 

"About that time, (1912), some patriotic Englishmen conceived the idea of 
buying Sulgrave Manor, the ancestral home of George Washington. They bought 
it for the purpose of having it fitted up and made a place of pilgrimage for all the 
lovers and admirers of Washington and his history the world over; and they 
formed a Society known as the Sulgrave Institution, one branch of it in England, 
and one branch here, to help finance it and carry out whatever should be needed 
to make it a great success. Our honored guest is a member and a contributor to 
that Society; and his distinguished father, the King, is not only a member, but 
headed the subscription list circulated by Lord Burnham for the purpose of raising 
the large sums of money necessary to rehabilitate the place and install therein 
furniture of the period at which it was built. 

"I want to say to Your Royal Highness, too, that every society and organiza- 
tion represented here tonight at this dinner has from its very beginning been at 
work, with all the power that resided in it, to bring about those relations w-hich 
ought to exist for the future of good between our two great peoples. 

"We need an exchange of visits. Their people are just as we are — precisely 
like us. You could take an audience of them in any one of their cities and it will 

105 



look precisely as this audience looks to me. We ought to get closer and closer 
together. 

"Your Royal Highness, you have done us good by coming. You do the cause 
in which we are all working good by your coming. Come again, and come often. 
(Applause) And may God grant that the peoples of these two great nations shall 
affectionately work together for the hundreds of years to come, for the good of 
humanity and the peace of the world." (Applause) 



106 



MATTERS OF INTEREST TO MEMBERS OF SULGRAVE 

It is the hope of the Sulgrave Board of Governors to begin 
publication of the Sulgrave Review by the time of the annual 
meeting — -the first of June of the present year. 



Important Notice 

Thomas Cook & Sons have prepared an itinerary covering the 
points of interest in America, Holland and Great Britain in con- 
nection with the Tercentenary celebration. The places on the list 
to be visited include London, Scrooby, Sheffield, Manchester, 
Oxford, Cambridge, Stratford, Sulgrave Manor, Plymouth, South- 
ampton, Rotterdam, Amsterdam, Leyden, Provincetown, Boston, 
New York and Hampton Roads. 

The Sulgrave Institution is now making up its committees to 
visit Great Britain, Ireland and Holland; to return via Province- 
town, Boston and New York, and hopes to be able to congregate 
enough members to constitute a full sailing list for one of the trans- 
atlantic steamers. It is suggested to Sulgrave members who are 
contemplating visiting Europe this year during the May-Septem- 
ber period, that they get into touch with Sulgrave headquarters 
and enroll themselves as participants in the celebration. A joint 
committee of Americans, Britishers and Hollanders is at work on a 
comprehensive program, which will be of international interest. 

In order to make suitable accommodations and arrangements 
for entertainment of members of Sulgrave visiting Britain and 
Holland during this year we reiterate that word should early be 
sent to Sulgrave headquarters. 

Futile Effort to Prevent Friendship 

Never has there been such a keen desire on the part of Ameri- 
cans to further friendship among English-Speaking peoples as is 
manifest today, despite the subtle endeavors of reactionary in- 
fluences that would drive a wedge between America and Great 
Britain. This effort is causing some annoyance, but it and all 
similar efforts to make enemies of America and Britain are utterly 
and absolutely futile in staying the great movement towards better 
understanding among English-speaking peoples. The justice of 

107 



the cause which Sulgrave conspicuously represents stands out so 
mightily as a force to defend unity-in-essentials between America 
and Britain, that no conspiracy or cabal, or opposing movement 
can do more than to make a little ripple over the surface of the 
movingfloodrollingontowardsaconsummation ofthat expectation 
of an unwritten alliance in friendship, based upon mutual respect 
and self-respect, between the citizens of America and the citizens 
of the British Commonwealth, which is the hope of the world's 
welfare and the impelling influence back of international concord. 
The most important thing in the world today is American-British 
peace and good-will. It is the onl}^ stable foundation of any 
League of Nations. 

Theodore Roosevelt was wise when he said that if he were 
again to become President of the United States he should make 
American-British friendship the great feature of his foreign policy. 

LUNCHEON TO LORD AND LADY GLENCONNER AND 
MORETON FREWEN 

After having most successfully carried through the dinner to 
that charming and altogether decent and wholesome youth who 
happens to be the Prince of Wales, The Sulgrave Institution, acting 
through its Committee on Hospitality, of which Colonel George 
William Burleigh is the Chairman, called together fifty members 
of Sulgrave to meet Lord and Lady Glenconner, members of the 
British organization. Lord Glenconner is Chairman of the Com- 
mitte on Schools and Universities of the British-Sulgrave-Anglo- 
American Society, and arrived in America on Christmas Eve for a 
three months sojourn in California. Chancellor Alton B. Parker 
and Governors Samuel Gompers and James M. Beck spoke for 
Sulgrave and Lord Glenconner and Mr. Moreton Frewen, to whom 
Sulgrave members also delighted to pay honor, happily responded. 
President Davis of Alfred University and Dr. MacKenzie of that 
same institution were present. These gentlemen received a vote 
of thanks to Alfred University for the University's Christmas gift 
to Sulgrave of six scholarships. 

SULGRAVE SCHOLARSHIPS 

A considerable number of inquiries have come to Sulgrave 
from Canada, Great Britain, Ireland and various sections of 

108 



America and other parts of the world in relation to the scholar- 
ships which have been presented to The Sulgrave Institution by 
Cambridge University, Colgate University, Alfred University, 
the Morrisville, N. Y. High School and School of Agriculture, et al. 
The Committee on Scholarships, of which Mr. Charles Stewart 
Davison is Chairman, is now engaged on a plan of selection which 
later will be announced. 

NEW AND VALUED MEMBERS 

Notable additions to our membership are General John J. 
Pershing, Rear Admiral Wm. L. Sims, Col. Norman G. Thwaites, 
David Boyle and Norrie Sellar. 

NEW WASHINGTON PORTRAIT 

Among the rare gifts presented to Sulgrave for the embellish- 
ment of Sulgrave Manor is a new Stuart portrait of George Wash- 
ington. This fine and most generous gift has been photo- 
graphed for the American Sulgrave and a copyright copy of it will 
be presented to all Sulgrave members and to those who have con- 
tributed or shall contribute to the support of the Sulgrave Insti- 
tution movement. 

The American Sulgrave has also received from the British 
Sulgrave six beautiful water colors by Stephen Reid, R. A., one 
of Britain's famous painters, which present two views of Sulgrave 
Manor, one of the Village of Sulgrave, another of the little chapel 
on the Sulgrave Manor estate in which lie the bones of Lawrence 
and Amy Washington, the great-great-grandfather and great- 
great-grandmother of George Washington, and also two of the 
Washington Manor interior. These pictures will be placed on 
exhibition and are to be presented either as a set or singly to 
any who shall have given endowments for Sulgrave scholarships, 
lectureships, professorships, etc., etc., 



109 



IN MEMORIAM 

Sulgrave members mourn the decease of three of their fellows, 
all sympathetic and helpful to the cause of friendship among 
English-speaking peoples — Theodore Roosevelt, twenty-sixth 
President of the United States, Lady Paget, born Nellie Stevens 
and William Salomon. 

Colonel Roosevelt doubted the practicability of a League of 
Nations, but he did not doubt that friendship and good under- 
standing between America and Great Britain were distinctly 
a consummation favorable to the world's welfare. 

Lady Paget, with rare qualities of mind and of a superabundant 
vitality, which differentiated her from others and made her con- 
spicuous in point of service in any movement with which she was 
identified, had undertaken, the year before her death, to furnish 
Sulgrave Manor in the period of its construction; and this work 
she had practically accomplished when her life ended in Paris in 
the Spring of 1919. 

William Salomon, whose unexpected death bewildered even 
his intimates, who did not know that he was seriously ill, was a man 
of kindly habit, sweet disposition, with the mind and temperament 
of an artist and a poet. His personality exuded graciousness and 
good-will. He was of positive service in every cause with which he 
identified himself. When he died he had been the Treasurer of 
British Day and had accepted the position of Treasurer of the 
Tercentenary Celebration. 

We shall hold these friends of The Cause in fond memory. 



110 



BRITISH DAY 

Let it be remembered by all that on December 7 and 8, 1918, 
in twenty-six hundred towns and cities, in thousands of pulpits, 
in thousands of schools and on thousands of rostrums Americans 
nationally paid tribute to British valor, to British determination 
and to British high ideals; that the spirit of American friendship 
for the British Commonwealth is to be found in this voluntary 
act of recognition on America's part of the debt which the world 
owes to Britain, rather than what anybody may have said or shall 
say. Not by words but by deeds shall friendship be known. 

As a further testimonial of friendship the British Day Com- 
mittee, presented to King George, through American Ambassador 
John W. Davis, and under the signatures of Alton B. Parker, 
John Pierpont Morgan, Dr. Chas. W. Eliot, James M. Beck, 
Charles Evans Hughes, Charles Phelps Taft, R. A. C. Smith, 
Louis J. Reckford, and many others, a handsomely bound scrap 
book, containing a carefully edited account of the British Day 
Celebration. 

THE SULGRAVE INSTITUTION, SULGRAVE MANOR AND 
GEORGE WASHINGTON 

Sulgrave Manor is in process of complete restoration-, and is 
being furnished in furniture of the period of its building. Among 
the generous contributors to the furnishing of Sulgrave is the 
National Society of Colonial Dames. The property as it stands 
represents an investment in excess of 3100,000. It is expected 
that in the main the work of restoration, which is carrying on 
under the able direction of Sir Reginald Bloomfield, R. A., will be 
completed so that the beauties of that old historic place will be 
fully manifest to the thousands who are expected to visit it during 
the Tercentenary celebration, 1920. The Sulgrave Institution of 
America, which has already made contributions to the work of 
restoration has on hand five thousand pounds as a further con- 
tribution, and the American Sulgrave expects also to do its part in 
the gathering of an endowment fund for the Manor property. 
The estimated amount needed for such an endowment in order to 
secure an adequate annual income is 3250,000. This amount will 
also include the founding of a permanent Sulgrave lectureship, to 

111 



be held in alternate years by an American and an Englishman, 
the lectures to be upon some contemporary phase of the de- 
velopment of American-British friendship. 

ANGLO-AMERICAN NEWS LETTER AND SULGRAVE 

BULLETIN 

Under the able and convincing editorship of Mr. H. S. Perris, 
the British Sulgrave has issued two numbers of the Anglo-Ameri- 
can News Letter and Sulgrave Bulletin. No. 1 refers to the 
progress and development of the British-Anglo-American friend- 
ship movement, and No. 2 deals in the main with the Tercentenary 
celebration and the unveiling of the Barnard statue of Lincoln, 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Phelps Taft's gift through Sulgrave to the 
City of Manchester and the addresses by Judge Parker and our 
Honorary Chairman, the American Ambassador. The City of 
Manchester has sent to Mr. and Mrs. Taft the following engrossed 
resolution: 

"That this Public Meeting thanks Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
Phelps Taft, of Cincinnati, Ohio, U. S. A., and records its 
appreciation of their generosity in presenting the Barnard 
statue of Abraham Lincoln to the City of Manchester, and 
desires to assure the donors that the statue will be 
maintained and preserved by the citizens, not only as a 
memory of one of the greatest of Americans, but as a 
symbol of friendship and good-will between the American 
people and this City." 

Acting under the terms of a resolution introduced at a 
meeting of the Board of Governors of The Sulgrave Institution by 
Judge Alton B. Parker, and seconded by Charles Stewart Davison, 
and others, the following engrossed testimonial was signed by the 
officers of the Institution and sent to Mr. and Mrs. Charles Phelps 
Taft: 

To Mr. and Mrs. Charles Phelps Taft: 

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Taft: 

It is the valued privilege of those members of The Sulgrave 
Institution standing for our entire membership, and whose names 
are signed to this communication, to ask you to receive this testi- 
monial as an expression of that obligation to you under which we 

112 



feel The Sulgrave Institution to be, for your gift through us to the 
citizens of the municipaHty of Manchester, England, of the bronze 
effigy of Abraham Lincoln, as designed by George Grey Barnard, 
and presented to the people of Manchester, erected on Piatt's 
Field, and unveiled in the presence of thousands by Alton B. 
Parker, Chancellor of The Sulgrave Institution, and under the 
auspices of the Lord Mayor, Lady Mayoress and other officials 
and high dignitaries of that great municipality, which, in time 
of our dire distress, during a critical period in the Civil War, 
stood firmly, under pitiable sacrifice, for the cause of which Ab- 
raham Lincoln was champion. 

We have the honor to remain. 

Your very sincere and obliged friends, 

British Bulletin No. 2 also carries announcement of the resig- 
nation of Lord Lee of Fareham from the chairmanship of the Com- 
mittee on Memorials and Hospitality, and the filling of the va- 
cancy by the appointment of Sir Harry Brittain. 



113 



TESTIMONIALS OF AMERICAN BRITISH FRIENDSHIP 



Excerpts from a Forthcoming Bock by H. S. Perris, Esq., Secre- 
tary of The Sulgrave Institution England 

Rt. Hon. Arthur James Balfour: 

"You ask me for a contribution to the 'Book of British and 
American Friendship'. I do not think I can better meet your 
wishes than by sending you a copy of the inscription which I 
wrote for the wreath which the recent British Mission to America 
placed on George Washington's tomb. 

It runs as follows: 

'Dedicated by the British Mission to the Immortal 
Memory of George Washington, soldier, statesman, 
patriot, — who would have rejoiced to see the country 
of which he was by birth a citizen, and the country 
his genius called into existence fighting side by side 
to save mankind from a military despotism.' 
"I can do no better and say no more." 

Rt. Hon. The Viscount Bryce, O. M : 

"Five years ago we were preparing to celebrate the 100th 
anniversary of that Treaty of Ghent which brought to an end the 
last war between the United States and Great Britain. We hoped 
that the occasion would enable us not only to rejoice at the long 
maintenance of good relations between the two great English- 
speaking countries, but also to advise other nations to draw the 
proper lesson from the example of two states which had lived 
practically without armaments, naval or military, along a frontier 
of three thousand miles. But suddenly before the month fixed 
for the celebration a terrific thunderstorm of war burst upon the 
world, bringing with it horrors and sufferings which have affected 
two-thirds of the human race. Such a war seems to throw back 
further than ever the prospects of a peaceful progress in civiliza- 
tion. Yet for our two peoples one result has emerged. 

"It has revealed their essential unity in spirit and in ideals. 

"It has shown upon what deep and solid foundations that 
unity rests." 

114 



Sir William Hearst — Former Prime Minister of Ontario, Dominion 
of Canada: 

"Canada and the United States are more than ordinary 
neighbors. They possess a boundary spanning a continent which 
is marred by no fortifications and which for vast distances has no 
natural division. In many ways the two peoples come into daily 
contact. They mingle freely in religious, social and business life. 
They have the same language. Their institutions are based on 
the same traditions and they have the same ideals of democratic 
government. It therefore required only the occasion of a com- 
mon danger to cement them into a more effective alliance than that 
of blood and kinship." 

Sir George Perley — High Commissioner of Canada in London : 

"Although a loyal Canadian with a sincere belief in the 
British Empire, I w^as born in the United States and this coopera- 
tion (in war) of the two countries has given special pleasure to 
me personally. As both our systems of government are of the 
democratic type and have the same ideals of justice and personal 
liberty, it seems evident that we should always be on the same 
side; in fact, we all believe that if these two great English-speaking 
nations act together they can control the future of the world in 
the interest of civilization and freedom." 

Rt. Hon. Sir Edward Carson : 

"Anglo-American friendship is a thing that ranks in the order 
of nature; it answers the call of the blood. The relations of the 
two peoples typify family history. 

"Such unity of purpose, springing from common heritage, 
must draw ever closer the bond of sympathy on which friendship 
to be enduring must rest." 

Rt. Hon. J. H. Thomas (Labour M. P.) : 

"In the midst of the great European conflict there was one 
outstanding ray of hope for the world's future which appeared 
so black at the moment. I refer to Anglo-American friendship." 

Rt. Hon. Lord Tennyson, — Former Governor General of Australia: 

"I believe in the union of the English-Speaking races, and 
that this union will make for the betterment of the world." 

115 



Rt. Hon. Lord . Weardale — Honorary Treasurer, The Sulgrave 
Institution: 

"A common faith has brought us to shed our blood in a 
common cause. Companions in sorrow, in patiently accepted 
sacrifice and in the varying vicissitudes of a great war, we look 
forward with confidence to the same companionship in victory. A 
triumph not for our nations alone, but for humanity as a whole. 
The fulfillment of a noble aim." 

The Very Rev., The Dean of St. Paul's: 

"The Anglo-American War Alliance is, I believe, the most im- 
portant event of the last five years. So long as it holds, all 
English-speaking countries and the whole of South America will 
probably be safe from the aggression of any European power and 
able to work out their destinies in security. And as a league of 
peace I can see no reason why the alliance should not be perpetual." 

Dr. Henry Van Dyke : 

"The foundations of friendship are vital sympathies, a har- 
mony in regard to the great aims and supreme laws of human life; 
a mutual respect and confidence, strong enough to survive the 
differences of opinion, and disputes, and quarrels which infest all 
human intercourse. 

"This, it seems to me, is the substantial basis of the strong 
friendship between the people of the United States of America 
and the people of Great Britain." 

Major General Leonard Wood: 

"The effort of the joint British and American Committee in 
the matter of the restoration and preservation of Sulgrave Manor 
is one of the many things which are tending to draw Britons and 
Americans more closely together. The great war bound us to- 
gether with bands of friendship and common interest which never 
can be broken. The Allied lines held the common enemy In 
check while America made preparation to play her full part in the 
war. The associations which will spring up from this service in a 
common cause are bound to be lasting and to bring about conditions 
which will draw the two peoples into the closest and most en- 
during relations." 

116 



Rear Admiral Bradley A. Fiske: 

"To every thoughtful American man and woman, England 
represents a great combination of civil, naval, and military power, 
which guards with singular effectiveness both the freedom of the 
individual and the security of the state." 

Hon. Theodore Marburg: 

"The spread of the British empire has been a gain for the 
world. Peopling the waste places and imposing a new order of 
society or new system of law on a backward people is a very 
different matter from overriding the will of peoples equally en- 
lightened." 

President Nicholas Murray Butler, Columbia University: 

"The most impressive fact in American life is the substantial 
unity of view in regard to the fundamental questions of govern- 
ment and of conduct among a population so large, distributed over 
an area so wide, recruited from sources so many and so diverse, 
living under conditions so widely different. There is an American 
type of mind, complex not simple, discernible underneath the 
many individual differences that varying conditions of life, educa- 
tion, occupation, and climate have brought about. This unity 
amid so much diversity is itself a very impressive fact, and the 
causes that produced it are important to know. 

"The first and chief cause is the extraordinary persistence of the 
Anglo-Saxon impulse, which brought the United States of Ameri- 
ca into existence. For the origin of that impulse one must go back 
to the Teutonic qualities and characteristics of the people so ad- 
mirably described by Tacitus in his 'Germania' as 'propiam et 
sinceram et tantum sui similem gentem." 

President Jacob Gould Schurman, Cornell University: 

"It will do our souls good honestly to confess our indebted- 
ness to England. In fighting the battle of humanity she has fought 
our battle. It was British naval strategy joined with French mili- 
tary strategy that saved the world from being overrun by the 
lawless and barbarous might of Germany." 

President H. P. Judson, The University of Chicago: 

"The English language in America means also the common 
law, which is at the basis of American jurisprudence; it means the 

117 



whole system of free government as understood in England. It 
means, in short, that English social, family and political institu- 
tions have gone with the languages — that America, with all its 
peculiar evolution, has developed along English lines and with the 
rich heritages of English thought and of English liberty as the 
most precious possession." 

Prof. Roland G. Usher, Washington University: 

"There are many who for want of a moment's thought do not 
realize that the wars and quarrels between the United States and 
Great Britain never were at any time, not even during the Revo- 
lution, as serious, as real, as the great bulk of differences and 
antipathies between European nations." 

Hon. William Jennings Bryan : 

"I do not know that I can make a more valuable contribution 
to the book of British and American Friendship than to call at- 
tention to the principal provisions of the treaty between the two 
countries, which, as Secretary of State, I had the honor to nego- 
tiate. I am glad to have had a part in establishing this bond of 
union between the two great English-speakmg nations." 

Justice O. W. Holmes, United States Supreme Court : » 

"May I say, in view of my profession, that a large part of my 
life has been spent in the effort to trace our law to the roots in 
your law and in the more ancient traditions from which they both 
spring. Remembering too that fifty-six 3'ears ago yesterday 
occurred the first action in which I was engaged, and recalling 
the thoughts of that time, I may add that in battle as in peace 
English ideals and English heroes were present to my mind along- 
side with American, as an example and a spur." 

Governor Gardner of Missouri : 

"It would be wondrous strange if two such peoples, the one 
the offshoot of the other, so closely akin in all the elements that 
enter into the formation of a national conscience, should not be 
found fighting side by side when the ascendancy of democracy 
through the world was at stake." 

Senator George W. Sutherland: 

"The great war came at the end of a century of peace between 
the English-speaking nations. The relations of Great Britain and 

118 



the United States had grown steadily better, but — latent and more 
or less unconscious — there still persisted, to some extent, a senti- 
ment of antagonism. With our common origin, language, system 
of law, political ideals and mututal respect, under the mellowing 
and disintegrating influence of time, this would eventually have 
disappeared, but it has now been burned away in an instant by 
the hot flame of war. 

"Peace between us is much, but when this dreadful shadow 
shall have passed, we shall enter upon another century not only of 
peace between ourselves, but of international cooperation for the 
peace of the world and the liberty of mankind." 

Mr. Herbert Hoover: 

"The years I have been acquainted with England and English 
people have engendered a sincere afl^ection for her and her insti- 
tutions, second only to my love for my own country, and I welcome 
any contribution which promotes their alliance and strengthens 
the bonds of international unity." 

Mr. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. : 

"In the future more than in the past we must come to know 
and to appreciate each other's institutions, purposes and ideals. 
We must compare notes and profit by each other's experience; side 
by side and shoulder to shoulder must we go forward as brothers 
in blood, speaking the same tongue, to establish more securely 
in our social, industrial and international life the fundamental 
principles of democracy." 

Mr. Thomas W. Lamont: 

"No matter how complete the victory of the Allies may be, 
the peace of the world will never be secure until the American and 
British peoples have established an Indissoluble alliance. It is 
not so important that this alliance should be expressed in terms 
between the two governments as that it should be made clear in a 
close and enduring friendship between the peoples of the two 
countries." 

His Eminence, James Cardinal Gibbons: 

"Along with the citizens of England, we here in America 
inherit the traditions of the same civil and political freedom. The 

119 



Great Charter of Liberty, which Cardinal Langton of Canter- 
bury and the English Barons wrested from King John, on the plains 
of Runnymede, is the basis of our Constitutional liberties. We 
share with them in the fruit of their victories." 

Rt. Rev. William Lawrence, Bishop of Massachusetts: 

"Two great peoples, speaking the same language, breathing 
the atmosphere of civil liberty, bound by the same fundamental 
principles of law and tradition, are in the nature of the case part- 
ners in the promotion of justice and liberty." 



120 



SULGRAVE MANOR HOUSE AND THE WASHINGTON 

FAMILY 

(ry t. pape) 
(Published by the Sulgrave Institution of England — price 1 shilling.) 

Before describing the house as it now stands, I will briefly 
consider the early history of Sulgrave Manor. At the time of the 
Domesday Survey, Sulgrave contained fourhides (480 acres) and 
was held by tenants under Ghilo, brother of Ansculf. The arable 
land was ten carucates, (sufficient for ten ploughs), of which three 
were in the lord's possession with one servant, five in the occu- 
pation of twenty villeins (bondmen) and six bordars (cottagers), 
and the remaining two were probably waste. There were also 
eight acres of meadow. Ghilo was progenitor of the Pinkeney 
family, and their demesne residence at Sulgrave is most likely 
marked by the prominent mound, called Castle Hill, in a close 
just west of the present churchyard. The Pinkeneys held the 
barony of Wedon, of which Sulgrave was a member, by service of 
Castle guard to Windsor; and in the time of Edward I. by sub- 
infeudation their estate had become divided into three smaller 
manors, those of Culworth, Elington and St. Andrew's Priory. 

According to the cartulary of St. Andrew's Priory, Northamp- 
ton, Sir Robert de Culworth, in the reign of King John, held a 
manor in Sulgrave with a carucate of land and tenants. Members 
of the families of Culworth, Montalt, de Trafford, Ardern, Dan- 
vers and Crewe held it successively down to 1700, when it was sold 
to John Hodges. 

The Elington or Leeson manor passed from the Elingtons to 
the Stotesburys and when their male line terminated at the be- 
ginning of Elizabeth's reign it came to the Leesons by marriage. 
In 1564, at the court baron of Lawrence Washington, gent., the 
jurors presented that Thomas Leeson helda messuage andavirgate 
and a half of land, as heir of Thomas Stotesbury, who had died 
since the last court. In 1593 certain lands in Sulgrave were found 
to be held of Thomas Leeson, gent., as of his manor of Elington; 
and in 1607 this manor was granted by Thomas Leeson and Thomas 
his son to Lawrence Makepeace, a grandson of the Lawrence 
Washington mentioned above. Eventually this part of Sulgrave 
also came into the possession of John Hodges. 

121 



The priory of St. Andrew in the town of Northampton held 
the other part of Sulgrave manor, and when the priory was dis- 
solved in Henry VIII. 's reign it was bought by Lawrence Washing- 
ton of Northampton, one of the priory tenants, as the following 
abstract of the Letters Patent shows. 

LETTERS PATENT re SULGRAVE MANOR 

In consideration of £321 14s. lOd. paid to the Royal Treasurer 
by Lawrence Wasshyngton of the town of Northampton, he re- 
ceived a grant of the Manor of Sulgrave which had belonged to the 
Monastery of St. Andrew, with the messuages, mills, etc., in the 
towns or parishes of Sulgrave and Woodford; also the close of land 
called Millfields now in the tenure of the said Lawrence Wasshyng- 
ton and Christopher Thomson in Stutchbury, also certain lands in 
Cotton, but a reservation was made in the case of the Rectory of 
Sulgrave and the advowson of the vicarage of Sulgrave Church. 
In addition the messuages and lands in the parish of Sulgrave which 
formerly belonged to the monastery of Catesby and the priory of 
Canohs Ashby were granted to the said Lawrence Wasshyngton 
in chief by military service, namely, by the thirtieth part of a 
knight's fee and payment annually of four shillings and seven- 
pence. The possessions in the manor of Sulgrave, in Woodford, 
the Millfields of Stotesbury (Stutchbury), and in Cotton were held 
by a yearly payment of thirty-one shillings and threepence as 
the twentieth part of a knight's fee. A certain annual rent of 
eleven shillings and tlireepence issuing from a part of the premises 
was to be paid to the Dean and College of Windsor, and similarly 
a rent of three shillings and fourpence was payable to the Earl of 
Derby. No fee for the Letters Patent was exacted and the Royal 
Seal was attached to the grant, dated 10th March, 1539. 

LAWRENCE WASHINGTON 

Seven years before he bought Sulgrave, Lawrence Washing- 
ton had been elected Mayor of Northampton. His parents, 
John Washington of Tewitfield, who married Margaret Kytson of 
Warton Hall, were natives of North 'Lancashire, and, though 
Lawrence was trained to the law and a bencher of Gray's Inn, he 
became a wool merchant, through the influence of his uncle. Sir 
Thomas Kytson. At Northampton, Lawrence Washington lived 
close to his cousin Catherine, daughter of Sir Thomas Kytson and 
wife of Sir John Spencer of Althorp, a few miles north-west of the 

122 



town. He was twice married; first to Elizabeth, the widow of 
William Gough of Northampton, and second to Amee, daughter of 
Robert Pargiter of Gretworth, very near Sulgrave. We know of 
children only by the second marriage and they were most likely 
born at Sulgrave, but we cannot be certain because the registers 
now preserved at Sulgrave only date from 1666. His seven daugh- 
ters were named Frances, Anne, Elizabeth, Magdalen, Barbara, 
Mary, and Margaret; his sons were Robert, Lawrence and two 
others, of whom one was most likely named Christopher. In 1545, 
Lawrence Washington became for the second time Mayor of 
Northampton. The oldest part of Sulgrave Manor house was 
most likely built by him. In 1552, along with Thomas Stuttes- 
bury, he was concerned in buying from the churchwardens one of 
the four bells belonging to the parish church of Sulgrave so that the 
roads might be mended. In 1559 Lawrence Washington of Sul- 
grave presented a namesake to the neighbouring Rectory of Stotes- 
bury. He was most likely a son of Thomas Washington of War- 
ton, and therefore, a nephew of the owner of Sulgrave Manor. 
In 1564, Amee, the second wife of Lawrence Washington, died and 
was buried in Sulgrave Church, where a mutilated grey slab of 
Hornton stone still shows the headless efiigy of Lawrence and the 
incision for that of Amee his wife. According to his will, made in 
October, 1581, and proved in February, 1584, Lawrence Washing- 
ton desired to be buried in the south aisle in front of the manor 
house pew, and there he was accordingly buried. In his will he 
made bequests to Walter Light of Radway, the children of his 
brother Leonard Washington, the children of his brother Thomas 
Washington, Robert Washington, his son and heir apparent, 
Lawrence Washington another son, and Lawrence Washington, son 
of Robert. 

ROBERT WASHINGTON 

In 1584, when Robert Washington succeeded to Sulgrave, he 
was forty years of age and living at the Manor House with his 
wife Elizabeth, daughter and sole heiress of Walter Light of Rad- 
way, Co. Warwick. By her he had six sons, Lawrence, Robert, 
Walter, Christopher, William, and Thomas, and three daughters, 
Amy, Ursula, and Elizabeth. By his second wife, Anne Fisher of 
Hanslope, Co. Buckingham, he had three sons, Alban, Guy and 
Robert, and three daughters, Mary, Margaret and Catherine. 

123 



For twenty-six years Robert Washington enjoyed possession of 
Sulgrave, but in 1610, with the consent of his eldest son, Lawrence, 
he sold his estates, most of the original Sulgrave grant being bought 
by Robert Washington's nephew, Lawrence Makepeace of Chip- 
ping Warden, Northants. In the same year the Millfield in 
Stotesbury was sold by Robert and Lawrence Washington to 
another nephew of Robert's, viz., Simon Heynes of Turweston, 
Buckinghamshire. Most likely Robert Washington, who was 
getting on in years, stayed on with his nephew at Sulgrave, because 
in his will made on 7th February, 1619, and proved on 3rd Janu- 
ary, 1620, he wrote: "My body to be buried in the South Aisle of 
the church before my seat, where I usually sit, under the same stone 
that my father lieth buried under." Robert Washington was the 
second and last Washington owner who lived at Sulgrave Manor 
House, for his son Lawrence, who w^as concerned in the Sulgrave 
sale in 1610, died before his father and was buried at Brington in 
1616. 

LATER LORDS OF SULGRAVE MANOR 

In 1610 Lawrence Makepeace of the Inner Temple, London, 
and of Chipping Warden, gent., purchased the Sulgrave estate 
from his uncle, Robert Washington; and his son, Abel Makepeace, 
sold the Manor of Sulgrave in 1659 to Edward Plant, who was 
described as gent, of Overston, late of Sulgrave, when he sold the 
property in 1673 to the Rev. Moses Hodges of Overton Worton in 
Oxfordshire. His son, John Hodges of Sulgrave, gent., in 1700, 
purchased from Lord Crewe's trustees the Manor of Sulgrave, in- 
cluding, it is presumed the TrafFord and Elington Manors. The 
Rev. Moses Hodges, D. D., succeeded to the whole manor, and 
from his daughters the manor eventually devolved upon their 
relative the Rev. Moses Hodges Bartholomew of Woodstock. 
In 1840 the entire manor was bought by the Hon. Henry Hely 
Hutchinson of Weston by Weedon, Colonel in Her Majesty's 
army, and was the property of his grandson, Arthur Reynell Pack, 
Esq., when the manor house and two large fields were bought by 
the British Peace Centenary Committee early in 1914. 

SULGRAVE MANOR HOUSE 

The manor house, at the eastern extremity of the village, is 
separated from the road by a field containing some old elms which 

124 



formerly may have been part of an avenue. The house, a gabled 
limestone building of two stories, with dormer window-s, is made 
up of two blocks at right angles, the south south-east part consisting 
of a porch and gable, hall and bedroom, all forming part of the 
original w^ork. The main entrance was through the porch, which 
has a four centred arch under a square head and label. In the two 
spandrels are the Washington Arms with the mullets and. bars 
sunk instead of in relief, that on the left only having a crescent. 
Unfortunately this coat of arms has been damaged by the weather. 
.Over the entrance on the outside is a shield embossed in plaster 
with the arms defaced, as they have been for at least one hundred 
and thirty years. Above this is a window surmounted in the 
gable by the Royal Arms, which display the lilies of France and 
the lions of England quartered all within the garter and sup- 
ported by dexter a lion, sinister a dragon. Over this is some em- 
bossed plaster work and the letters "E. R.," and the Tudorrose 
and the French fleur-de-lys appear in close conjunction with the 
coat-of-arms. Evidently the initials stand for "Elizabeth 
Regina." Also inside the porch, embossed roughly in plaster, is a 
lion on one side, and on the other a dragon. 

The passage, or "screens," from the porch straight through 
to the back door was about five feet wide. The original back door 
from the "screens", to the court has been removed, and a doorwa}'^ 
in the style of about 1700 has been substituted a little more to the 
east. The original hall, to the east of the "screens" remains, but 
it has been divided. Originally it was about twenty-four and a 
half feet in length by eighteen feet in width. At the east end is a 
fireplace seven feet in width under a mutilated four-centred arch. 

The wing w^hich stretches northward at right angles to the old 
hall is too far to the west to be part of the original design. It has 
no really ancient features in it, and on the ground floor is divided 
into an oak staircase, of well worked twisted balusters, an oak- 
panelled sitting-room and a kitchen. It is stated that at one time 
there was a large arch with a porter's lodge over it to the north- 
west of the present hall. If that is true then there must have 
been a court on the north side of the hall with wnngs to the east and 
to the west of it. The wing to the east would contain the family 
apartments and that to the west the kitchen and buttery. The 
house was at any rate arranged, and at least partly built, on a 

125 



large scale, Perhaps the' original design was never completed, 
but from an old account written in 1789 it is known that part of 
the old buildings had been just recently pulled down. 

THE WASHINGTON GLASS SHIELDS. 

From the part pulled down several heraldic glass shields of the 
Washington family were removed and hung inside the kitchen 
window. At a later date Col. H. Hely Hutchinson removed at 
least two of them to Weston Manor House, and six others are now 
to be seen in Fawsley Church. In chronological order they rep- 
resent: No. 1, Washington; No. 2, Washington impaling Kytson; 
No. 3, Washington impaling Pargiter; No. 4, Washington im- 
paling Light; No. 5, Washington impaling Newce; No. 6, Wash- 
ington impaling Butler; No. 7, Wakelyn impaling Washington; 
No. 8, a mutilated Washington coat of arms with a confused com- 
bination of Knightley quarters inserted. 

THE WASHINGTON GRAVE 

The parish church of Sulgrave, dedicated to St. James, and 
chiefly built in the decorated style of the fourteenth century, is 
situated at the west end of the village. The south porch is 
Elizabethan and bears the date 1564. At the east end of the south 
aisle is the seat belonging to the owners of the manor house, and in 
front of it, on the floor, is a grey slab, which originally had six 
brasses let into it. Now there are only three. At the top of the 
slab is a thin enamelled plate showing the Washington mullets and 
bars, and a crescent denoting the second son can be seen. The 
brass inscription, which originally was let into the stone below the 
two brass figures, smce a restoration in 1885 has occupied a position 
to one side, and reads as follows: — 

"Here lyeth buried ye bodys of Laurence Wasshingto 
Gent. & Amee his wyf by whome he had issue iiii sons & vii 
daught's W'Laurence dyed ye day of an dni & Amee deceased 
the vi day of October an dni 1564". 

It is evident that the husband put down the slab after his 
wife's decease in 1564, and left spaces for the date of his own 
death, which occurred in 1584, but was not recorded on the brass 
by his successor. Above the old incision where the inscription 
used to be, are the headless brass of Lawrence and the incision for 
Amee's brass figure, which latter was missing more than one 
hundred years ago. Under the inscription used to be representa- 

126 



tions of the four sons and seven daughters in two brass groups, but 
these were stolen in August, 1889. Below the east window in the 
south aisle a replica of the monumental inscription over the 
Washington grave has been inserted with then otification: — "This 
tablet was erected by representatives of the family, A. D. 1890." 
At the restoration in 1885, under the Washington Slab, the only 
coffin plate found was one to the memory of Lydia Jackson, who 
died in 1741. Her mother's maiden name was Lydia Hodges, 
daughter of the Rev. Moses Hodges, owner of Sulgrave Manor in 
the earl}^ part of the eighteenth century. The Washington vault 
was evidently used by the later owners of the manor. 

SULGRAVE'S DEBT TO ST. PAUL'S 

Among the practices which are now growing into precedents, 
finally, it is hoped, to become custom is the annual service on the 
anniversary of George Washington's birthday in St. Paul's 
Chapel, New York, where Washington himself worshipped when 
New York was the Capital of the new born United States of 
America. Two years ago, under the initiative of Col. Brooman, 
Dr. McComas, Vicar of St. Paul's, invited the Sulgrave Insti- 
tution to inaugurate a special Sulgrave service in honor of W^ash- 
ington and American-British friendship, the ceremony to be 
followed by a luncheon in the Parish House under the auspices of 
the ladies of the congregation. 

Sulgrave gratefully accepted; and now that two services 
have been successfully held has hopes of establishing this cere- 
mony as an annual event, worthily to be graced by the pres- 
sence of the President of the United States and other dignitaries, 
even as this year, 1920, it was honored by the attendance of Mr. 
Marshall, the Vice-President of the United States, the British 
Ambassador, the Dutch Minister, Judge Alton B. Parker, Senator 
Clark, Jacob H. SchilF, his honor the Mayor of Stratford-on- 
Avon, Mrs. Fairfax, Mrs. Atterbury and other distinguished men 
and women. 

Bishop Burch preached the sermon and Dr. Manning and 
Vicar McComas assisted. 

DOING GOOD WORK 

The English Speaking World, a Magazine standing for Amer- 
ican-British friendship, published at 11 John Street, under the able 

127 



editorship of Messrs. Ernest H. & John A. Bennett and Rev. 
Robert Watson, is rapidly working its way into the regard of 
American readers, and deservedly so. 

Its January number is handsomely illustrated and its text 
very readable. 

The Landmark, the British magazine of the English-speaking 
Union is also working its way into popular favor. 

SULGRAVE'S SETTLED POLICY 

It should be understood that Sulgrave's attitude towards 
other organization of similar aim is distinctly friendly. 

Sulgrave believes that a policy that would consolidate all 
these organizations together in the furthering of a good cause, — 
either because of the mistaken idea that only a certain social 
few are able successfully to carry on a work of public weal, or even 
for the reason of overlapping programs — is one not calculated for 
the best results in any cause. 

If the work that any given organization is doing is being well 
done, and that organization is thriving, then by all means, let it 
thrive and aid it to grow! It is our duty to help all such work 
along. 

Reasonable competition moreover is the life of trade, as well 
as of all movements of the mind and spirit. It is ideas which give 
impetus and vitality to spiritual things; and mentality, plus en- 
thusiasm, is worth more than money. 

Big financial endowments are helpful only after a movement 
has been strongly founded; in the beginning they are harmful. 

Competition in the work of furthering American-British 
friendship is essential to its well being. The field is ample for all 
with original ideas. No field, on the other hand, should be occu- 
pied by organizations which are created in mere imitation of others, 
which only have ideas which they have cribbed from others, and 
whose mission results in jealousies and crowding to the injury 
of the cause in hand. 

Sulgrave welcomes and will heartily support every original 
idea, put out and furthered by any other organization. 

The job of fostering good will among English speaking 
Peoples is a big one; and Sulgrave lives to cultivate friendships 
therein as the first step towards combined effort and success. 

128 



Among the purposes for which the Institution is formed are: — 

^ To encourage, promote and promulgate the basic sentiments 
of democracy; 

4f To aid in upholding and maintaining the fundamental insti- 
tutions of the English-speaking world and in fostering the ideals 
which inspired their creation; 

4 To bring together into a closer community of interest those 
societies, associations and general organizations, together with all 
individuals, that are engaged in any work which tends towards the 
understanding of Angle-Saxon-Celtic point of view, culture, laws and 
related institutions. 



LIBRftRY OF CONGRESS 



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