75-/ u UC-NRLF $B 2^0 3DD Iplutarcb's Ccnius of Sohratcs CO CO CD Hennetf) VWm 6ttM N>4^ THREE SELECTIONS FROM Who the Genii Are The Dream of Tiinarchur The Cdwre of the Genii Englished by Kenneth Sylvan Guthrie, AM*, Ph.D^D, NEW York. Theosophical Publishing Co. 244 LENOX AVENUE. Copyright, 1904, by Kenneth Sylvan Guthrie. This is the ^2 x^ Copy of a special limited Edition of J 40 copies, the type of which was set, and the issue printed by the Translator, at the Monsalvat Press* J' WHO THE GENU ARE jfc ND Simmxas said, J' *\ think the Genius of So- krates was not a vision of some kind, but the discernment of a Voice, which reached him in some particular, peculiar manner; just as in dreams one imagines hearing other people talk, though hear- ing no real voice. J^ Nevertheless one re- ceives sometimes in dreams a real, dis- tinct experience. J' This may take place because while one sleeps the body enjoys a total stillness and rest, while the condi- tion of those who are awake freqently precludes them from apprehending the motions of the unseen Higher Beings. ^ For not only the chaos of the passions, but the distractions of very many sorts of business stun us so thorougly that we can neither hear the warning of the Gods, nor, if heard, centre our attention on them. ^ But Sokrates, whose pure and passion-free reason had only so much in- timacy with his body as might have Who the Genii Are \\\ from J* Plutarch's H'he Genius of Sokrates' J* ? 40278 been unavoidable, felt every motion of the spirit, and was immediately sensitive to every impression, ^ And these impres- sions were not derived from a mere sound but from the sigfnal, so to speak, of a Ge- nius who, without voice, affected his rea- son througfh the object itsclt. ^ Fof the Voice migfht be compared to a blow g:iv- en to the Soul through which she Is for- ced by means of the sense of hearing to take notice of the usual human speech. *^ But the reason of the Higher Being di- rects Souls that are fitted for this through the mere touch of the objects thought of, dispensing entirely with the above- mentioned psychic blow. ^ And the human Soul generally obeys these Higher Beings gladly, whether or not this advance her own desires. ^ In this manner her desires are not antagon- ized by contrary passions, permitting her- self to be gently and willingly govern- ed as by a bridle. This need not seem in- credible, when it is considered that a pu- ny rudder turns round the greatest ships of burden, or that the potte?s disks per- mit themselves easily to be turned around by the hand. J' Although these instru- ments have no soul, nevertheless they are so well adapted to turn around that on Who the Genii Are , from j^ Plutarch's *Thc Genius of Sokrates' ^ account of theiif smoothness they may be set in motion at the very first touchy J^ Likewise the human SottI may be directed easier than any other instrument because she is held tense as with ropes by num- berless desires* J' Hence, as scon as any- body's mental incidence affects her she teccives the impulse to move in the direc- tion of the thought* ^ All the passions and desires reach far down into the think- ing portion of the Soul, so that at the very first tremor of the thought, they are, as it were, attracted to it, and pro- ceed to innervate and draw the outer man* J^ This circumstance gives us an insight into the inherent power of thought. *^ Bones and nerves have not the slightest sensation, not even the moist flesh; and the heavy body-mass composed of these normally rests inactively quiet. ^ But just let the Soul lay hold on a thought, and direct her efforts towards it, and lo, in a moment this heavy mass is energ- ized, makes its tendons tense, and hastens to execute the mission as with wings. ^ For Just as a motive merely thought, without any voice, easily sets the body in motion, just in the same manner, me- thinks, it is not impossible that a human "Who the Genii Are , from j^ Plutarch's The Genius of Sokrates' J* reason might tsc led by a Higcr Reason, a human Soul by a Diviner Soul* ^ This migfht take place by a sort of external touch, illustrated by the manner in which answers and questions intermingle in a conversation, and by the intermingling of light and reflection, n^ For ultimately we recognize another's thought by the help of his voice, just as if we were grop- ing in the dark, ^ But the thought of the Genii have a certain splendor, so to speak, which of itself streams out upon the worthily receptive, without the in- termediation of words or symbols such symbols as humans are forced to employ one to another; which are therefore only pictures or silhouettes of the thoughts^ These themselves are not generally per- ceived clearly, except of course by those who possess a certain portion of the Div- ine Light. j^ The process by which the Voice itself reaches tis may also inspire us with con- fidence. ^ The Voice is, as it were, con- ducted into the soul of the hearer by the air that at first is only thrown into vi- brations by the single articute sounds, and later is transmuted into voice and speech. ^ What wonder then that this air also, which so easily assumes every Who the Genii Are , from j^ Plutarch's *The Genius of Sokrates* c^ form anci shape, should in like manner receive the thoughts of Higher Beings, and expresses the meaning of the thoughts of the Divine Being or Superi- or Divine Human Being* ^ The blows and knocks of soldiers who are 6\.%%'a:\% mines may be noticed easily by the re- verberation of the htsizen shields, because the sound proceeding upward from the depths is able to throw these into vibra- tion, although remaining unnoticed in any other manner, n^ This is exactly the state of affairs with the utterances of the Genii. J^ They elicit no response, nor a- wake any sympathetic vibration in any except those few whose nature is a quiet temperament and a passionless mood, and whom therefore we call properly Ho- ly and Divine Men. Jt It is usually supposed that the Genius of a man gives his revelation in sleep on- ly, and it is usually supposed ridiculous and incredible that He should by the same process impress those who are in their waking condition, in their full nor- mal consciousness. J^ Such a supposition would find analogy in an artist who should play upon a lyre whose strings were loose, but who were unable to per- form on one strung tense, and attuned* "Who the Genii Are , from 3 Plutarch's *The Genius of Sokrates *Jf> f2^ Evidently the teal cause of non-recep- tion is the unrest, the inharmoniousness of the human breast of all of which out friend Sokratcs was entirely free, ^ In- deed, this had already been prophesied of him as a child, in the Oracle received by his father* ^ For the Oracle commanded that the father should permit Sokratcs to carry out any idea that came into his mind, without forcing; him to, or hindering him from anything* ^ He was to leave him a free rein to his dcskcs, and do for him nothing more than to make vows in his behalf to Zeus of the Market-places, and to the Muse;^ but beyond this to take no anxiety whatever about his son, inas- much as he possessed already within him- self a Path-finder through his life, which was better than a thousand teachers* *^ **This, O my dear Phidolaos, is the o- pinion I have always held about the Ge- nius of Sokratcs, both during his life- time, and since his decease paying no attention whatsoever to those who ac- cepted a sneeze, or any such thing as a direct revelation from the Gods*^ Who the Genii Are , from J^ Plutarch's The Genius of Sokrates 'J^ Jfc II ^ >THE DREAM OF TIMARCHUS j ND yet^ continued Son- mias, ^as to that which I have heard Timarchtis of Chetonea relate abotst the matter might easily be considered a fairy- tale, so it may fee better to refrain from saying: anything further ab3iit it/ 3* *No, no' cried Theocritus, 'fairy-tales sometimes hit the truth, more than a lit- tle. But, to begin with, tcll tts who this Timarchus was I never heard of the man/ 3* *No wonder, dear Theocritos,* rejoin- ed Simmias, 'lor he died a very young man. J^ Before his death he hcggcd So- krates to have him buried next to his son Lamproklcs, one of his friends and equal- a5:ed companions. j^ 'This Timarchus was a youth of lofty thought who had been but of late initi- ated into Philosophy. ^ He longed most earnestly to understand the real nature of the Genius of Sokrates. The Dream of Timarchus, [J] from J* Plutarch^s 'The Genius of Sokrates' j* f^ *And with this purpose in view, with out informing any one but me and Ke- bes, he descended into the Cave of Tro- phimus, in the Boetian city of Lebadaea, after he had carefully observed all the ceremonies usual in the Temple of this Oracle, j^ He staid in the Cave two ntgfhts and a day, J' The greater num- ber already considered him lost, and his relations already mourned him as dead, when, in the morning, he came out hap- py and in good spirits. J^ He expressed gratitude to the Divinities, and after he had torn himself loose from the surround- ing crowds, he related to us many mar- vels he had seen and heard. J' 'After he had climbed down to the O- racle, he found himself at first, as he told us, in a deep darkness* ^ He addressed supplications to the Gods, and for a cert- ain period of time lay without being ex- actly conscious, whether he was awake or dreaming. ^ It seemed to him, how- ever, that a sort of blow had struck his head, through which the sutures of his cranium relaxed, so as to afford egress to his Soul. ^ She immediately swung her- self upwards, and after having, to her great delight, disported herself by com- mingling with the circumambient pure The Dream of Timarchus , from J^ Plutarch's HThe Genius of Sokrates' ^ piste and tf anspafcnt aif, she seemed to refresh herself from the life-long oppres- sion to which she had been subjected in the body; and then she began to grow larger, just as a sail filled by the wind* 3^ Hereupon he heard, passing over his head, a charming rustling sound* Look- ing up, he failed to perceive the Earth any more, but a multitude of Island?, il- luminated by a serenely radiant effulg- ence, revolving cyclically in an ocean shimmering with variegated tints of ce- rulean hlisz, thus producing the Aeolian harmony that so delighted Timarchus as to make him understand these were the Isles of the Blest- ^ But as he looked beneath himself, he SAW a monstrous Abyss, round in form, as if it had been cut out by the falling of a balL j^ It was horribly deep, and full of thick darkness, which whirled around restlessly, seemingly endeavoring to over- flow the crater. ^ Timarchus was al- most terrified by the sounds which pro- ceeded thence a thousandfold groanmg and howling of living beings, a loud moaning of children, a mingled plaint of men and women, a chaos of screams, which rose up in a horrible roar from the very entrails of the Abyss* The Dream of Timarchus , from j^ Plutarch^s *The Genius of Sokrates* J^ j Aftcf some time, without seeing any- body, Timarchus heard the words *Tim- archus, what desirest thoo to know?' ^Everything r rejoined he qtiickly. *Bt first, what is that mass of Stars which are flitting arotind the Abyss, some dip- ping into itf others rising out of it acfain?' *Then yoti do not know,' said the Invis- ible, ^that yoti are beholding the Genii? Let me explain to yoa the condition of affairs. J* *Every Soul, as such, is partaker of the Divine Reason; and there is not one of them entirely devoid of Reason or Thought. J* Only that part of a Soul which mingles itself with the flesh and the passions suffers a transformation, and degenerates through appetites or suffer- ing into stupidity. ^ Nevertheless, not every Soul mingles itself in the same manner. *!^ Some of them sink into the body in their totality, and through pas- sion are entirely corrupted and destroyed dut'iiig life. ^ Others mingle themselves only partially, and their purest part re- mains outside the body, and will in no wise permit itself to be drawn down into the flesh. ^ It swims on the surface of the Man, so to speak, touching only his head, acting like an upper anchor for the The Dream of Timarchus , from j Plutarch's *Thc Genius of Sokrates' > portion sunfc m the body, and which can act as a platform on which the Soul may from time to time refresh herself, in the measure that she is docile, and does rot permit herself to be quite overwhelmed by the passions* J' That part which is sunk in the body is usually called *SouI% and that part which remains free from danger, the greater part of men call 'Reason', and imagine it inheres in them, just as if the objects reflected in a mirror inhered in it. ^ But the Wise believe it h located outside the man, and call it his *Genius* ^ *Now, as to the Stars you sec, you must know that those that seem to grow dim are souls which are just now sinking themselves entirely into the body; those which are growing brighter again, and shine from above, just as if they were swinging themselves up from the depths, and are shaking off from themselves a sort of dark mist like dust, are such souls as are, after death, swimming back out of their bodies. Finally, those which are hovering on high, are Genii of wise and discerning humans. ^ *Make an effort, and see whether you can become conscious of the tie by which each of them \s, united to its Soul.' The Dream of Timarchus , from J' Plutarch's 'The Genius of Sokratcs' j* ^ TxmarchttS, payiitgf closer attention, noticed that the Stars swayed, some more some less, just as one sees corks swaying on the water-surface, serving as indicat- ors of the nets beneath* ^ Some, indeed, swayed as much as shuttles do, and could not make any motion in a straight line on account of the unequal, self-confused burden they upheld^ J* The Voice in- structed Timarchus on this point : J* 'Those whose motion is straight and orderly have docile souls, with whom the sub-rational part has, through nourish- ment and education, been prevented from becoming hard and rough* j* But those which flit up and down in a disorderly fashion, behaving as if \\s%%z6^ by a rope are those who have to do with a contra- ry and poorly-reared nature* jf' At one time They win the victory, taming the Souls by enforcement on them of higher leadings; but soon, sucked back by the old habit of sinning, the Souls are once more contrary* ^ For whenever the Qz- nius pulls the cord with which the ani- mal part of the Soul is, as it were, har- nessed, this effects what v& known as the Repentance of Sins, and Sincere Shame concerning the lusts, ^z;^ixcst and motions of the flesh* The Dream of Timarchus , from ^ Plutarch's *The Genius of Sokrates' J* ^ These are the chastisements fcy which the nobler part holds the Soul in check, as with a bridle, until by repeated pun- ishments, like a tamed animal, she final- ly becomes so meek as to be obedient to each nod and signal of her Genius with- out blows or suffering* But such Souls are brought back to their duty very slowly and very lat^ but those which prove do- cile to their Genius from birth constitute that class of men known as Soothsayers, whose prayers the Gods respect. 3* Of such a kind was the soul of Her- modorus the Klazomenian, which aban- doned the body at will, both by day and night, wandering anywhere, and return- ing after having seen and heard all sorts of things, at all distances. ^ This she did continually until, through treachery of his own wife, his enemies seized his soul- forsaken body, and burned it together with his house* ^ But this is not quite accurate: the Soul never entirely aban- doned his body; but at times yielding to the Genius, loosened and lengthened the connecting bond, so that she was enabled to travel around the world in such a manner as to report all she had seen and heard outside* ^ They however, who, during sleep, destroyed his body, are yet The Dream of Timarchus , from J^ Plutarch's The Genius of Sokrates' j^ being punished therefor in Taftaftis ^ J' *Yoa will understand all this far more dearly in three months, O youths J' 'Now you may return/ J' **As the Voice ceased, Timarchus in- tended to turn around, to see Who had been conversing with him; but he sud- denly felt a racking pain in the head, as if it were being pressed together violent- ly, and now he no longer saw or heard aught of what was transpiring around him* Shortly, however, he came to him- self, lying near the entrance of the Cave of Trophonius, just where he had first lain down* ^ **This is the Dream of Timarchus. ^ He returned to Athens, and 6^1^ three months later, as the Voice had prophesied; but when we, marvelling, recounted this Dream to Sokrates, he chode with us that we had told him nothing of it du- ring the life-time of Timarchus, from he would have liked to get the details more exactly.'' ^ Hereupon Theanor said, '^t seems to me that this Story of Timarchus should be considered sacred, and be preserved unahered as dedicated to the Divinities; and I should be much astonished if any- body should doubt what we have heard.'* The Dream of Timarchus , from o* Plutarch's *The Genius of Sokrates' Jf* ^ m j ^ THE CARE OF THE GENH ^ W it is not lincommon to speak of the divinity of Nature, and of swans and serpents, and dog^s, and horses; why should wc then hesitate to assert that Man is divine, and may become a favourite of the Divinities, the more especially as it is granted that the Divinity is the Father of all ? J* A horse-fancier does not, merely on accotmt of his being siich, extend his care to all specimens of the genus Horse indis- criminately; he selects the best one obtai- nable, separates it from the rest, tends it, cherishes it^ and loves it particularly* ^ Just so do the Higher Beings deal with Us: They impress their Mark only on the Best, whom They separate from the common herd, endow with peculiar and more excellent training, and govern them not indeed with bit and bridle, but by their reason, through certain signs, of which the common herd does not even have the faintest conception. The Care of the Genii [t\ from j^ Plutarch's 'The Genius of Sokrates' J* 3* Not all dogs know the signals of the hunters; nor indeed all horses know the signals of the riders ; only they who have b^n properly trained comprehend the task at the first whistle or chirrtip, and gladly carry it out. ^ Even Homer seems to be acquainted with this difference be- tween men* J* Some of the soothsayers he calls augurs, othe^ priests; and of some he thinks that they converse with the Gods, and prophesy future events; so, ^ ^Yet the decision reached by the Gods ^ ^1n council, was perceived in the spirit ^ ^'By Helenos, Priam's son*** Also, ''For I have heard ^ **The Voices of the immortal Gods*** Kings and generals publish their orders by beacons, by the public crier, or by the sound of trumpets; but to their intimates and friends they announce decisions per- sonally by word of mouth* J^ Just so the Divinity converses peraoa- ally only with a very few, and that ra- rely; but He announces decisions to the crowds by signs and omens, wherefrom has arisen the whole art of augury* ^ So there are never but a very few at any time whom the Divinities single out by such favours, and whom it is Their pur- pose to make blessed and really divine* The Gire of the Genii , from ^ Plutarch's *The Qzmxxs, of Sokrates' J* 3> But those soals which have freed themselves from generation, who have no further commerce with the body, and now enjoy unbounded freedom, these now become Genii, who, as Hesiod says, care for the weal of Humanity* ^ Like Athletes, who even when forced by age to discontinue training, do not necessarily cease struggling for fame and bodily perfection, but rather enjoy the spectacle of others exercising, encourag- ing them, and persistently standing by their side just like these athletes is it with those Souls who, after liberation from the battles of this life, have been, on account of their former virtues, or ra- ther by them, promoted to the condition and dignity of Genii* j^ Because of this their promotion. They do not necessarily scorn or ignore the conversations, circum- stances and efforts of men; rather. They show kindliness to all who are strugg- ling after the same end, support them in their zeal for virtue, and spur them on the more continually by encouragements the closer they seem to be to the goal of their hopes, or indeed, behold them alrea- dy nearly touching it* The Gire of the Genii , from jfc Plutarch's *The Genius of Sokrates' J^ 3* Fof the Genii do h6tf JncJisctiminately, accept the charge of anybody* J^ When persons are swimming in the ocean, far from the land, and are battling with the waves, by-standers on the shore can do no more than look on silently; but those who are near the shore can be met in the water by persons running through the surf, to help them with hand and voice, and restore them to life, ^ My friend, the Genii do likewise, J^ "When they see us dive into the floods of business, seizing hold of one thing after another as a hope of salvation, they leave us fight it out a- lone, that we may learn endurance, and may through our own vim reach port. ^ When however a soul through many births has endured willingly and success- Eully heavy battles, and when, at the end of her course this soul courageously de- Eies danger, and even in the face of de- feat struggles, with extreme exertions, to climb upwards, then the Divinity does not dislike to see that the soul's Genius helps her, so the Genius's good offices are given full freedom, ^ Each Genius has his own soul, which he tries to save by encouragements, .^ She, being near him, and hearing him is saved; but she who does not, is abandoned to misfortune* The Care of the Genii , from j^ Plutarch's *The Genius of Sokrates' J^ 9 TX f tjniversitt) SEEJAM LD 21~05m-7,'37 UL.Z. -^ y'B 4083 y^ <: T / \iiaY -1 - f: :J| ;p:: -t J|i|l3|if ';"-:v:';h:K;!:i^:!: 'S^'M iliiii I '[ ^ ^* k jj i'j ~ J ii'iL lire' "i J'*-3,!.