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&;«.'). Ili 



HARVARD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




THE BEQUEST OF 



OF NEW YORK 




(I 



r * 
r 



.« 

# 



? 



XENOOONTOS MABAIE 



XENOPHONTIS ANABASIS 



EDIDIT 



ANDREAS WEIDNER 



LONDINI : CASSELL 

MDCCCXC 



^)^ ^-31^ 



KKHVARD COLLEGE LIBN^M 

FROM 

THE BEQUEST OF 

EVERT JANSEN WENDELL 

\9\Z 




SEN0OQNT02 

KYPOY ANABASIS. 



A. 

I. JaQBiov xal naqvOaridoQ yl'yvovrai TJdideQ 
dtJOy TtQsa^vrsQog /usv "^AQra^eQ^g, vsdjxsQog dk KvQog. 
enei & i^a&srei Jaqelog xal V7t(b7vtsve relevrrjv rov 
pioVy i^ovkero ol rcb nalde aficporeqa} naQelvai. 6 fjihv 2 
ovv 7iQ€Oli&v€Qog TiaQcoy hvyxavB' Kvqov dh fiera-- 
mfinerai and rfjg dQXV^ ^S ctvrdv aaT^dnrp^ inoiTjoe, 
xal OTQarriYbv (f aircbv dniSei^s navroyv oOot etc 
KaOra))^v nediov aO-QoiQovTai. ava^aivei ovv S Kv- 
Qog }.a^a)v Tioaaq)BQvrp^ wg q)ilov, xal rcbr '^Eilrivoyv 
tX,^v dnlizag TQiaxooiovg, a^yovxa d^ avnGiv Zeviav 
ITaQQaOiov. kiei (f helevrriOe Jaqelog xal xarearr] 3 
sig xriv ^aOiXelav ^AQTa^tQ^g, TiOOacpiQvrjg dia^aU^ei 
Tov KvQOV TiQog rbv ade).cp6v (bg biL^ov'kBVoi airtib. 
6 Sk nel&etai xal av)JkafjL^avei Kvqov (bg anoxrevCyv 
ri dh /^ijvr]Q i^aiTTjOa/uevTi avrbv anomixnei nahv 

'0 cf cog d7irjk&€ xivdvvevaag xal dri/LcaoS'sig, 4 
^ovXetJsrai onwg firpKyt" ert eozai vnb Tip ddeX(p(py 
d)X, i]v dvvrjftai, /^aailevoei dvx ixsivov. HaQV^ 
oaxig /LL€V dri 17 /^tjttjq vnrjQx^ '^V ^^9Vy (fi'^ovoa 
avrbv judilov rj rbv ^aaikevovr ^Qra^sQ^rp^. So"- 5 
Tig (J' dcpixvolTo T(bv TtaQcc jiaOikiwg n^bg avrbv, 
Tidvrag oihco dtaS-elg dnemfin^o, ihor avrw fidilov 
(piXovg elvai ij ^aoileh xal rdtv naQ' kavr(b dh 

Xenophontis Anabasis. 1 



2 LIB. I. CAP. I. 

^aQ^aQiov BTiBfiBXelro, (bg nole/uelv ^' Ixavol ehr xal 
evvoi3C(bg exoiev avrcp. 

6 T^ (f *^ Eklrp^iXTjv dvvafiiv rjS-Qoil^er (bg /bed- 
liar edvvaro kjiiXQvmofjLBvog , Snwg bri dna^a- 
axevoTOXov Id^oi ^acikea. &de ovv inoielro rrjr 
Ovilo'/i^' dndoag el/^a qwXaxdg iv ralg noleai, naQ- 
ilYYBike rolg q)Q0VQdQX0i^S exdcfroig la/LL^dveiv avdQag 
ITslonovvriaiovg 8ti TiXeiazovg xal ^ektiarovg, &g 
ini^ovkevovTog TioaacpsQvovg ralg ndXeOi, xai yaQ 
ijiJav at ^IcDVLxal noleig TioaacpsQvovg xb dQ^alov 
m ^aOiXscDQ dedofihai, totb & dcpeLCrriKeGav iXQog 

7 KvQov Tidaai Tikriv Mikrftov h Milrfccp de Tiooa- 
(pBQvrig nQoaiod-o/LLBrdg rivag ravra ^ovlBVo/uevovg, 
rovg fjih dnhctBivs roi)g (f i^B^alBV, 6 Sb KvQog 
VTiola^wv Tovg ^Bvyovrag OvXlB§ag orgdrBV/aa btto- 
hoQXBi MilTjrov xal xard yfjv xal xard S-dlarrav 
xal BTtBiQdro xardyBiv rovg ixTiBTtZioxozag. xal aihrj 
av cDJkri nQocpaaig rp^ avrtp rov d&Qoi^Biv or^drBV/aa. 

8 TtQdg ^h ^acSiXia nifinoyv ri^iov ddBXcpbg vl>v avrov 
doS-TJvai ol ravrag rag ndkBig /icakkov ij Ti(S(SacpBQvr]v 
ccQX^*^^ oi-vribVy xal i} /^ijtriQ otjveTiQaTTey avrcp ravra ' 
wOTB ^aadBvg rrp^ /llbv TiQbg iavrbv BTii^ovlijv ovx 
fiod'dv^o, TiOOacpBQVBi (f eyofii^s nolB/itovvr avrbv 
d/Lcq)l ria orqarBV/iara danavav * j&cft^ ovSkr iixS^^o 
avr&v Tiole/LLO'dvrwv. xal yocQ 6 Kvgog dnkfiBfiTiB 
rovg yiyvo/LLBVovg daOfio'bg ^aackBi ex rwv tioIbwv 
&v TLOaaq>BQvovg hvyxavev bx(ov. 

9 '^Xlo dk orqdrBVfjia airvw OvvBlByero iv Xbqqo- 
vriow rfi xat* dvrimQag ^A^vdov rovdB rbv rQonov. 



LIB. I. CAP. I. 3 

KliaQX^S AaxedaifJLoviog q)V'yag ijv* rovrip avyye- 
voiLtevoQ 6 KvQog iiyAo&ri r avrdv xal didmOLv avrib 
/LiVQiovg daQsixoiig, 6 dk Xa^cov rd /pf (t/oi' otqA- 
TBVfia 0tjvel6§€v and rovrcov ribv x^QrifiaxiDv xal 
iTioUjbiei ex XsQQOvi^aov 6Qfi(b/Li€vog roig 0Q<f§l roig 
VTiBQ '^ EklriOTiovTov olxovOi xal (bq)ekei rovg ''^ EXXrp^ag, 
wore xal XQV/^^^^ Ovve^dlkovr' avrw etg ttjv rgo- 
cpip^ r(bv OTQariiorajv at "^ EkXrjanovriaxal noleig 
iy.ovOai. rovro (f av oihco rQeq)6/Lteroy iXdvS-aver 
avT^ rb (ftQarsvua. 

^AQiOTiTtJiog d' 6 OetraXdg §€vog &v kfiyx^'^^ ^^ 
avTWf xal nieXfOfjuevog vnb rcbv ovxoi avTLaxaOKDT&v 
iQX^^^ ^Qbg rbv Kvqov xal ahel avrbv eig dio^t^ 
)Jovg §h^ovg tqi&v /urp^cbv fiiaS-ov, wg oilro) tibql- 
yevd/Ltsvog av x&v avTKftaatonmv, 6 Sh KvQog di- 
dcDOiv avT(b eig r^QaxiOxMovg xal e^ /Lcrjvibv /LtioS-ov, 
zal delxai avrov /urj nQdad-ev xaralvaaL n^bg rovg 
avtioraaidiycag, ttqIv ctv avrtp av/Lt^ovleiioijtai. oihw 
& av xb ev QevtaXicf eXavS-avev avrcp rQeq)6/Lcevov 
OTQarav/LLa. 

UQo^eyov Se rbv Boicbriov ^evov bvr exekevae ii 
Xa^dvt* avd^ag 8ti nleicftovg naQa'yereoS'ai, (hg etg 
Uioidag ^ovlo/Lcei'og (ftQareveod'ai , wg TiQaj^/LLara 
JiaQexovTOjy xtbv IJiOiSibv rfj eavrov ;fc&pa. ^o- 
(paivstov de rbv Srv/aqxihov xal SioxQartj rbv 
Ay^ai&Py Igkvovg bvrag xal Tovxovg, exekevOev clvd^ag 
Xa^ovrag eld-elv Hri nleitnovg, (bg Tioke/Lcrjaovrag 
Tiaaag)eQvei Ovv roig cpvydct roig MiXrioiwv. xal 



inoiovv ovrwg ovroi. 



1* 



4 LIB. I. CAP. II. 

n. ^Ejiel (f edoxBL rjdt] noQeveoS-ai civo), rijy 
/ih 7tQ6q)aOiv snoulro (bg Ilioldag ^ovhi/Lterog ix^ 
PoKbIv Ttavrdnacfiv ix rfjg x^Q^S' xal aS-QoiQei wg 
kil rovTovg to re ^aQ^UQixov xal t6 ^Ekkrivixdv. 
ewav&a xal naQayj^skXei rep re Kled^xV ^ol^ovtl 
7]X€iv Hcov rjy avr(p OTQaxevfia, xal rw ^AQLOrinnco 
avvdkXayhrcL nqbg rovg otxoi anonefixpav rcQbg eaxrcbv 
8 eJ/B (fTQarev/Lta* xal Zsvief rep ^AqxASi, Sg avrcb 
nQO€i(fTi^X€i rov ky ralg ndXeOi ^svixov, ijxeir Tcaq- 
ay'/elXsL Xa^ovra rovg clXXovg nWfy oTidaoi Ixavol 

2 rjOav rocg dxQOJidkeig (pyXarreiv. exakeas dh xal rovg 
Mikrjftov nohoQXovvrag, xal roi)g (pvyadag exekevoe 
Ovv avrcp orQare^eO&ai , vnoOxofJiei^og airtolg, st 
xaXcbg xaranQa^eiev iqy & i&tQarev^o, firj nQoad-sv 
navoec&ai, tiqIv avrotg xarayayoi oixade. ol (T 
ridewg kielS-ovro' hilar evov ydQ avr(p' xal la^ovreg 

8 rd bTika TiaQTJOav elg Sd^dsig. Zeviag /Ltsv di] rovg 
ix r&v ndkewv la^cDv naQsy^^o eig Sd^dsig dnli" 
rag eig retQaxiOxt^iovg, IlQd^svog dh naQfjv excor 
bnUrag /Lckv elg nevraxoalovg xal ;f «A/oi; g, 'yv/ivfjrag 
dk nevraxoaiovg, 2Joq)aiv^og d' 6 2rviLtq)dhog dnki" 
rag sxwv /d/oi;^, ^wxQdrrjg d* 6 ^Axaibg onllrag 
BX<ov (bg neyraxoalovg, llaolajv (f 6 MeyaQBvg 
rQi^axooiovg /ikr bnUragf rqiaxoaiovg dh ttcA- 
raordg ^wv naQsyereto ' ijv dh xal o{rrog xal o 

4 ^wxqdrrig rdtv dfiq)l Mikrjrov (frQarevo/usvcov, ovroi 
/Lchv Big ZdgdBig avrcp dcpixovro, Tiaaaq>iQvrig dh 
xaravoriOag ravra, xal fiBiQova fiyriodfjiBvog Blvai ij 
d}g BTil Ilioidag rrp^ nagaOXBVijy, noQBverai d)g l^aci^ 



LIB. I. CAP. II. 5 

Xia fi edvvaro Ta)(^i(naj Inniag excov (bg nerraxooiovg. 
xal Paatlei)g /ikv dij knei rjxovcfe TiCfOaq)€Qvovg rbv 6 
KvQov (ftoXoVy dvrmaQsaxevd^eio. 

KvQog d' excov ovg uq7\xa WQ/LociTo and 2dQ- 
decov xal e^eXavvei did r^g AvdioLg ora&fjLovg XQSig 
TtaQaadyyag sUxoai xal dvo inl xbv MaiavdQov no^ 
rafjidv, TovTov ro evQog dvo nli&Qa* '/€q)VQa (f 6 
snrjv Sl^evyfA^hri nloloig navrexaidexa. rovrov dia^ 
fidg i^skavvei did ^Qvyiag oraS-fibv era naQaody" 
yag oxro) eig KoXooadg, nokiv oixovfihrp^ fis'ydXijv 
xal evdaifiova, hravS^^ €fi€ivsv rj/LUQag kttd' xal 
Tjxs Mivair 6 O^cralbg dnkirag l/coi' ;f£A/oi'5 xal 
Tislracftdg nsvraxocflovg, JoXonag xal Aividvag xal 
^Okvvd-lovg. 

^EvrevS-ev e^elavvei otaS^/Lcovg TQBig naQaody" 7 
yag sixoaiv eig Kelaivdg, rrjg ^Qvyiag noUv olxov^ 
fihT[v fieydhjy xal ^daifiova. evtavd-a KvQip 
^aaikeia ^ xal na^ddeiaog fieyag dyQiary S^lcov 
nhfiQTig, & ixeivog i&i^svav dq>^ Ynnov, bnore yv-^ 
fivdcai ^oifloiro iavz&y re xal rovg iTtnovg: did 
fjUaov dh rov naQadeiaov qbi 6 Maiavd^og TKrca/Lcog' 
at ds TiTfyal avrov elciv ex rwv ^aoikeujov* Qei dk 
xal did XTJg ndkecog. ecfzi de xal fieydlov ^aaiUoyg 8 
fiaOiXeia er Kekaivaig eQVfivd enl raig nrjyaTg rov 
MaQOiJov Ttorafiov vnb rfj dxQondXer qbT dk xal 
oixog did rfjg nokewg xal e/u^dXlei eig rbr Mal^ 
avdQov rov de Ma^avov rb evQog edti/y eixooi xal 
nevre Ttodibv. hravS-a Xeyecav AndUxov exdeiQOi 
MaQOvav vix^aag eqiQovra ol neql aoq)lag, xal rb 



6 LIB. I. CAP. II. 

diqfjia XQS/udcfai ey T(p avTQcp oS-sv at 7tr]'/al' dice 
dk TovTo 6 Tiorafibg xaleTrai MaQcSvag, erravO-a 
9 ABQ^g, iSrt ex zrjg 'Hlddog rjvrrjd'alg rfj fJi&XTl ^^" 
€X(OQ6i, HyetM oixodo/LcfjOai raOrd re ra ^adlXeva 
xal Ttp^ Kekaiv&v dxQOTToliv. hravS^^ e/Lcsive KvQog 
ij/LciQag TQidxovra* xal rjxe KXiaQx^S ex(ov onUxag 
xMovg xal nskraardg Q^axag oxraxooiovg xal to- 
^orag K^ffcag diaxoaiovg. iifia dh xal ZwOig naQfjy 
6 J^vqaxoOLog sxiov dnUxag TQiaxoolovg, xal ^AyLag 
6 li4Qxdg ex(ov dnkirag ;ftA/oi;g. xal evravd-a KvQog 
i^haOiv xal dqiS-f^bv rwr "^Eklrp/ary inoirjOsr er tw 

10 naQadelO(p, xal iysrowo ot Ovfinavreg oTtXTrai /lcsv 
/LciiQioi xal //A-fOf, neXraatal (f dfiq)l rovg 3iax^)uovg, 

^Evrevd-ey e^eXavvei oraS'/Lcovg dvo naQaodyyag 
daxa elg Ilektag, nokiv oixov/Lcsvrp^. evTavd-^ e/uivey 
Tj/LciQag TQelg* h alg Zsvlag 6 Aqxag xd Avxaia 
^Svae xal dy&va e&rjxs' xd S" dS-Xa 7\(iav axley- 
yldeg /ptxrat* id-ewQSi de xbv dyibva xal KvQog. 

'Ervev&sv i^elaijvsi (Sxa&fiovg dvo Tia^acfdyyag 
dibdexa elg KeQd/Ltayy dyoqdvy xfig ^pQvyiag noliy 
ohtovfihrfy iaxdxriv TiQog xfj Mvaiq X^QV' 

11 ^EvxevS^ev i^elavvei oxa&fiovg XQelg naQaody- 
yag XQi&xovxa elg KavOXQov nediov, ndXiv oixov-- 
fihijv. kyxavS*^ ^/Lceivev iifjUqag Tievxe* xal xolg 
OtQaridytaig (bq)elXeto fiicf&bg nUov ij xqiibv /lctivwv, 
xal TioXXdxig lovxeg knl x&g &VQag dnijvovv. 6 d' 
Ukrcldag keyary difiye xal dfjlog r[y dviw/Lcevog' ov 
yaQ 9[y TiQbg xov K6qov xqotcov exovxa firi dno- 

12 diddvai. erxavS"^ dq)ixvelxai 'Ehva§a ij 2vevvicfiog 



LIB. I. CAP. II. 7 

ytjv^ rov KiXlxcDv ^aOiliiog naQcc Kvqov xal iki- 
y^o KijQO) dovvai ;fp?;^aTa noiXA, rfj (f ovv CtQa-- 
ria rot" anedwxe Kvqoq /Ltia&dv xnrc&QWV firp^Cbv. 
elx€ (f 17 KlXioaa tibqI amriv xal Kikixag xal 
^AonavdioVQ. 

'Evrevd-sv i§elatjv€i ara&fMovs dvo naQaodyyag 13 
dixa eis Ovfi^qiov, nohv olxovfih^rp^. ivTav&^ riv 
TiaQct rijv odbv xqi^vtj ij Midov xalov/Lcsvrj rov 
^Qvywv ^aOiketDQ, scp^ fi liyetaL Midag xdv 2dTVQ0V 
S^QBvCai oivo) xsQaOag a\)xr\v, 

^EvrevS-^ e^elavvai araS-fiovg dvo naQaody/ag u 
dixa elg TvQideiov, nokiv oixov(ihr\v. hnavS^ 
BfiuvBv rifjLBQag rqelg. xal Xayetai deij&fjvai 17 Ki^ 
Xiaaa K6qov kitdet^ai to (nqdrevfia avrfj* ^ovlo- 
/Lceyog ovv incdsl^ai i^haOiv noieXrai h rip nedlcp 
T(bv ''Ekkip^ayv xal ribv ^aq^dQOiv. ixiXevOe de rovg 15 
'^'Ekkrivag (bg vofiog avxolg elg /Ltd/rp^ ovrw raxS-fivai, 
avwd^ai & sxaarov rovg iavrov. hdxS^Oav ovv 
kncl rstrdQcov elxs dh ro /lcbv de^ibv Mevwv xal ol 
airv avrwy rb S* €V(bvv/Lcov KliaQX^S ^«^ o^ ixelvov, 
rb dk /lUoov ol aXkoi arQarrjyoL iS-scjQei ovv 6 16 
KvQog nQwrov /ikv rohg ^aq^d^ovg' ol dh naQ- 
rjXawov rsray/Lcevoi xar ^ikag xal xardc rd^eig' eh a 
dk rovg ""Eilijvagf naQeXavvojv acp ag/Ltarog xal rj 
Kihaoa iq)^ &Q/Lta/Lcd^g. el^ov di Ttdvrsg XQdvrj 
Xakxd xal ;f*rd)ya5 q)oivixovg xal xvrifudagj xal rctg 
danldag sxxexaXv/LC/ah^ag. kieidi] dh ndvrag naq- 17 
rikaosy OrriOag rb aqfi^a ngb rrjg cpd^ayyog fjiiorig, 
nifixfjag IliyQTjfta rbv eQ[irp/ea nagd rovg CTQarrj" 



8 LIB. I. CAP. II. 

yovg T&v ^E)2^r(ji)v ixiksvae nQo^aliaS-ai xa Snla 
xal e7ryfa)pijf(;at Skr]v rrp^ qxikayya. ol dk ravra 
tiqobIjiov Tofe 0TQaTi(braig' xal knel iadkniy^e, tiqo^ 
^aXofjLBvoi ra onka sjifjoav, ix dh rovrov S-avtov 
TiQoiovrwv Ovv XQavyfj and rov avrofjuArov dQo/Lwg 
iyevero roig (JTQariwraig enl rag axrivag, ribv dh 

18 ^aQ^aQCOV cpo^og noXvg, xal ij re KihcfOa aq)vyev 
inl rrjg aQuafjua^g xal ol ex rfjg dyoQccg xarahnorzeg 
ra civia €q)V'yov, ol d' "^'EHrp/eg Ovv yilurrt inl 
rag axrjmg tjIO-ov. rj dh Kihaaa tdovOa r7]v lafir- 
nQ&ti^ra xal rijv ra^i^v rov CrQarev/LLarog iS-av/aaoe. 
KvQog (f ijaS^ rov ix rwv "^EkkrivcDv eig rovg ^«(>- 
^aQovg q)6^ov Idiov. 

19 ^Evrev&ev i^skavvsi Orad-uovg r^elg naQaO&y- 
yag bYxoCiv elg ^Ixoriov, rfig ^Qvyiag nohv ioxdrriv. 
ivravd-^ b/llsivb rqelg rifiBQag. 

^Evrev&ei^ i^aXavvei did r^g Avxaoviag era- 
d-fiovg nertB na^acdyyag rqiaxovra, ravrrp^ rrp^ 
X(OQav inetQeifJs dia^ndaai rolg ""EkXriOcv &g nokB- 
jLtiav ovCav. 

20 ^EvtBV&BV KvQog rrjv Kihaoar Big rriv KiXi- 
xiav dnonifjunBi rrp^ ^QaxiOrrp^ odov xal ovvenB/LLyjBv 
avrfj ovg Mbvojv bIxb xal avrov. KvQog dk fi^d 
r(bv d}Jko)v B^BkavvBi did Kannadoxiag ora&fjiovg ret- 
raQag na^aodyyag bXxoOi xal nivrB Big Ooava, nokiv 
oixovuBvriy /LLBydlr]v xal Bvdai/Lcova. hrav&^ B[uBivar 
rj/LttQag rqalg' ir w KvQog dnexTBivev dvdQa IlBQOr]v 
MByacpBQvriVy cpoivixiorriv fiaoikBiov, xal btbqov riva 
dvvdarrjv, airiaOdfiBvog hii^ovkBVBiv avrib. 



LIB. I. CAP. IL 9 

^EvrevS^sv eTtsiQwvr ela/idXXeiv sig rrjfy Kikixiav 21 
71 (f sia^okri rjy a/Lca^trdg oQ&ia io/VQibg xal d/Ltrj^ 
XCf'Vog eX&elv OTQareifiLcaTi, ai rig ixwXvev, eXey^o 
da xal ^VBvveOig elvai krcl x(bv cIxqcdv q)vldvtwv 
TTjv elo^ohfiv di b BfiHvav rifisQav sv rtp nediw, 
rfj & vOrsQaia rjxer clyyeXog Xeycov bri kslomwg 
sirj 'SvhveCig ra oixQa, sjibI fjoS-^o bri rb Mhwvog 
<TtQdz€V/ia ijdr] iv KiXixia rp/ siaco rwv dQiwv, xal 
Htl TQiriQeig rjxove neQmkaovaag an ^Iwvlag elg Ki- 
Xixiav. KvQog (f ovv ave^ri htl rdt oq?] ovdevdg 22 
xwkvovTog, xal side rag Oxrjvdg, o{> ot Klkixsg 
iq)vlaTCov. hn:dj&av dh xari^aivev elg nediov 
fjueya xal xalov, eniQQurov xal dhdqwv navro^ 
dan&v (JvfiTikswv xal dfinikwv noXi) dh xal ai]" 
Ca/LLOV xal /LLekivrp/ xal xeyxQov xal nvQO'bg xal 
XQi&dg g)6Q€i, oQog d^ avro neQis/ei^ €Qv/bLvdv xal 
vtpi]kdv ndvxri ex O-aXdTTTjg elg d-dXarrav. xara-- 23 
^dg dh did rovrov rov nediov rjXaae OxaS-fiovg 
rhraQag nagaodyyag nivre xal eixooiv elg TaQOovg, 
rrjg KtXixiag noXiv fieydXrjv xal evdai/LLOva, fj xal 
r[v rd JJvsvviaiog ^adiXeia* did fiidov dh rrjg noXaoyg 
Qei TTOTa/iog Kvdvog ovo/Lta, svQog dvo nXeS-QCDV, 
ramrjv rriv noXiv i^iXmov 01 ivoixovvrsg /lezd Z'f- 24 
evvioiog elg x^Q^^^ oxvQov enl ra oqi] nXrp^ ot rd 
xaTiTjXeia exorreg' ^fieivav dh xal 01 nagd rrp^ S-d-- 
hxxxav olxovvreg er 2^6Xoig xal ev ^laaolg, ^Enva^a 25 
<f 7] 2!veyveaiog ywri nqoTega Kvqov nh&^ rifjieQaig 
tig TaQ0oifg dq)ixeco' h dh xfi vneQ^oXfj x(bv OQeajv 
T^ alg rd nediov dvo Xdxoi rov MevcDvog OrQarev- 



10 LIB. I. CAP. U. III. 

fjiaroQ oJicoXovTo' ol /uev Bq>aoav aQTzaCovrdg ri 
xaraxonfjvai imb rwv Kiklxwv, ol (f V7tokBtq)&€VTag 
xal ov dwa/Lcevovg evQBiv xb alio OzQarev/bia ovdh 
rag odovg aha nkavw/Lcivovg anoleod-ar riOav rf' ovv 

26 ovTOL ixoTov oTiklTac, ol S* cclkoc kfiBi tjxov, Trjv re 
TCoXiv diriQUaOaVj diet rbv okeS-Qov rwv avarQariioTibv 
dQ^il^o/Lceyoiy xal rh jSaoD^ia ra ev airfj. KvQog 
(f sjibI slOTjlaOBv eig rriv TioXiv, fieveni/inero rbv 
2^V€VV6(fiv TiQbg iauTOV 6 S* ovre nQorsQov ovdsrl 
710) XQetvTovi iairrov elg x^^'Q^S bI&bIv ecpi] oihe r&vs 
Ki)Q(p levaL ri&s'ka, tiqIv rj yvvrj avrbv enecOe xal 

27 TiiOTsig eka^e, fiera dh rairv knal (SvveyivQvr dl~ 
ki^koig, 2v€vv€(fig /Lckv edoyxs Kjjqo) xQV/^^^^ noild 
elg xriv (TtQaridv, KvQog S" ixsivw dwQa a vojuiCsTai 
TtaQcc ^aOilel ri/biia, limzov /Qvooxdhvov xal (TtQeJirbv 
XQVOovv xal ipeha xal dxivdxrjv XQ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^o- 
Irp^ IlBQaixrp^y xal z^v ;fc6p«i' jurixeTi diaQTidl^sod'ai* 
ra (f "^QTiaO/Lteva drd^dnoda, r]v nov hTVYxdvo)OiVy 
dnoXa/LL^dveiv, 

m. ^EvravS-^ efieivs KvQog xal ^ (tZQarid 17- 
fii^ag BixoOiv* ol y^Q OXQariibrai ovx sq)aoav levai 
Tov TiQoOo)' vnwTiTBVov yaQ ijSri kil /iaOiXia ievar 
fiia&0)9i]vai & ovx htl xovxcp eq>aOav. TCQcbxog dh 
KkeaQxog xovg avxov OXQaxiwxag i^idl^ezo ievar ol 
(f avxdv t' B^ailov xal xd vnol^vyia xdxBtvov, inel 
2 cIq^bis xov TCQoiBvai, KkeaQx^Q ^^ '^^^ H^ (jlixqov 
B^Bq)vyB fi,ii xaxanevQwd^vai, vOxbqov & btibI Byvoy 
on oi) dwriO^ai ^idoaa&aij Ovvi^yayBr ixxkrjOiav 
x(bv avxov axQaxiwxcbv. xal tiqcjxov /lcbv kddxQVS 



LIB. 1. CAP. IJI. 11 

TioXvv XQovov eartbg* oi d' oQwyTsg iS-av/Lca^ov xai 
iomncov elra & eka^e roiads" ^'Ardgeg OTQariwrtai, s 

/4,aOiv. i/Liol yccQ §evog KvQog iyeyevo xai /ms q>ev^ 
Yovt" he rfig narQidog rd t a)X hl/Lcrjae xal fi/v^ 
Qiovg adioxB daQsixovg' ovg iyo) ka^chv ovx etg rd 
idiov xare&ifjirp^ i/Lcol ovdi xaS^dxmaS^oay aiX elg 
Vfi,ag adandvcav. xal tiqwtov fisy TiQog rovg Oq^xag 4 
kjioXefjiriaay xal vnhq rijg "^EXXadog ht>fiwQoiJ/4.ijv fiaih^ 
v/Lt(bv, ex rijg XsQQovrjaov avTO'bg i^eXavvcDV ^ovlo- 
fierovg aipaiQelaS-ai rovg iroixovwag "^'Eilrp^ag rip^ 
yfjv. tisidrj dh KvQog ixdkei, la^cjv vfjudg inoQev^ 
dfirp^y Yv bY TV deovt wcpelohjy avnov dvS^ &v ev 
maO-ov VT^ ixeivov. kiel (f vfisig ov ^oijlso&e avfir- 5 
TtoQevsoS-ai^f dvayxt] dt} /lioi^ i] v/Ltag TiQodovra rfi 
KvQov q)iXix^ /Q'^oS-ai^ i] n^bg ixeivov tfjevod/aevov 
fiB&^ Vfi&v Uvat. el fiev dij dixaia noii^aci) ovx 
old*y alQ^^oo/Ltai (f odv v/Lcdg xal avv vfuv b ri av 
detj neioofiai. xal ovtiot sQel ovdelg (bg iyo) ^'EX^ 
krjvag dyaya)v elg rovg ^aQ^aQovg, nQodovg rovg 
"^'EXkrp^ag rr{y xAv ^aQ^dqayv q)iklav etX6/jLrp^, dlH 6 
BJiel Vfjielg i/4,ol ovx e&eXecB nBi&eO&ai, iyd) avv 
vfilv a Ti ctv Sbtj TiBiOofjiai. vofjiCQo) yaQ vfjidg BfioX 
dvai xal naxqlda xal cpikovg xal Ov/bi/Ltdxovg, xal 
oirv vpXv fih av olfiai dvai xifiiog, Utiov av to, 
Vfiwv rfa BQTifjiog &v ovx av Ixavdg Bivat oi/t av 
q)ikov d)q)Blf](fai oi/t av ix^Qov dke^aoS-ai. d)g b/lcov 
ovv IdvTog bnoi av xal v/LCBig otho) rriv yvd)/irp/ bxbtb, 7 
TOCairr ehcev' ol Ss (tiQaricbTai oi t" avrov bxbivov 



12 LIB. I. CAP. m. 

xal dt oilXoi ravr dxovaavrsg, bni ov cpairi nQdg ^aOi- 
JJa TioQevOeoS-ai, BJifp^eaav naQcc dk Zsviov xal ITaai- 
(ovog Tikeiovg ij diCx^Xioi ka^ovreg xta Snla xal ra 

8 0xevoq)6Qa iOTQaronedevOavro na^a KkiaQ/oy* KvQog 
dk TovToig djtoQwv re xal ktmo^/^evog /LLev€Ji€/LL7i€To 
rbv KUaQxov 6 & layai fiev ovx ij&€le, Xad-Qff dh 
Twv OTQarKorajv ni/iTtcov airt(p ayy^kov klsys S^aQ- 
qbIv (bg xaracfTtjOo/LcivcDv rovriov elg to diov. 

9 Meva dk rairva avvayaycov rovg S-^ kaxrtov 
CTQaxiibrag xal rovg nQoOskS^ovrag avr(p xal x(bv 
clilcjv rov ^ovXo/LteroVy hls^e xoiade' ^'Avdqeg OtQa^ 
rmrac, xa /isv di] Kvqov dfjlov 6Vt ovxwg sxci 
TCQdg fifidg &Otibq xa rifietBQa TiQdg ixelvov ovxs 
yaQ rifielg kxaivov eti OXQaxiibxai, knai y ov Ovv- 
€7i6/LC€&* avxiby oi/t sxelvog en rjulv /LLKjS-odoxTjg. 

10 art /Lcivxoi ddixeiod-ai vo/iii^ei vq>^ fifji&v olda' wOxs 
xal /LC€Ta7t€/Li7to/Lievov avxov ovx iS-ilo) Bk&alVy xo 
fih^ /Li^Kfrov'^atoxi^o/Lievog, 6rt ovvoid" i/Ltavxw ndvx' 
kpBVOfihog avxov, sicsixa xal deSiwg /lltj Xa^tbv /lu 

11 SixTiv hiL&fi &v vofjuCC^H vn i/Lcov '^dixfjaO-ai, efiol 
ovv doxeX ovx ^9^ dvai rifjuv xa&evdeiv ovS* d/LU" 
XbIv rifjLibv avx(bVy dU.d ^ovleved&ai b xi XQ^ noialv 
ex xovxwr. xal ewg xe /Lcevo/LLev avxov, oxenxeov 
/LLOi^ doxel elvai. HncDg (bg ddcpaXeotaxa /Lcevov/ier, ei 
X 7]d7\ doxel dnievai, Uncog (hg daq>a'keOxair clm/bLey 
xal ihtiog xdnixi^deia e^ofier' dvev yaQ xovxwv ovxe 

12 OXQaxriyov oi/t idicbxov dq)elog ovdev. . 6 (f dvtjQ 
nokkov fjih ci^iog cpiijog ^ dv epilog 7], /a>,€7rc6rorrop 
d" exS-Qbg & av nokefiiog fi, exei de dvvafxiv xai 



LIB. L CAP. III. 13 

Tul^ip^ xal l7i7uxi]v, rjv ndvxeg d/ioiojg oQajfisv rs 
xal BJU(n&fi,B&a' xal yccQ ovdk ndQQw doxovfih fioi 
avrov xaS-fjoS-ai. afoS-^ WQa leyeiv 8 n rig yt- 
YVibcxei cIqkTvov eivai. ravr sinajv eJiavaaro. ix 13 
de TovTov dvioravTo oi fiky ex rov avro/idrov, 
ke^ovTsg a iyiyvcooxov, oi dk xal vn ixaivov iyxe- 
"kevOTOiy ejiideixvvvreg oYa eirj 17 aJioQia avsv rfjg 
KvQov yvibfirig xal fiireiv xal dmevai. alg dh dij u 
BbiBy 7iQoOnoiov/LC€vog onevdeiv (bg rdxiOta noQevaoS-ai 
alg rijv "^EkXdda, cfzQaTTjyovg /nav aladd-ai clklovg wg 
rd/ioza, ai /lcti ^ovXetai KkaaQX^S dndyaiv rd (f 
buxiidaL dyaQdl^aoS-ai — tj S" dyoQa rp^ av Tip /Sap- 
^aQtxcp OTQaravfjiaTi — xal avCxaval^aaS'ar ak&dr^ 
rag dk Kvqov ahalv nlola, fbg dnoTtXaoiav' adv da 
firj didcby dXl^ riyafjiova y* ahalv Hatig did q)ikiag 
Trig x^Q^S dnd^ai. adv da /Lcr]d^ riyafjiova did(by Ovv- 
rdrraaO-ai xrp^ raxiOTrjv, na/tiyjai da xal nQoxara- 
XT[kpofjihovg rd axqaj bnwg firi- q)d'damOi [jirfta KvQog 
fjui\S^ oi Kikixag xaraXa^ovrag, &v nollovg xal noild 
XQrjfiara axofiar dvrjQTiaxorag. ovrog fjuky roiairc 
alna" fievd da romov KkaaQx^g ahta rooovrov ''Sig 15 
fiav OTQazriYriOovT a/ia Tainrp^ rrfy (TtQaTtiyiav /lctj- 
dalg vfiibv kayho) ' nolld ydQ avoQ(b di a a/nol xoin 
oi) Tioiijtaov' d/Liwg da rep dvd^l 8v av aXijoS-a nai" 
Oofjiai fj dt/yarov /4,dkiOTa, iv* aldfjS-' 3ri xal aq- 
XaO&ai aJtl&ta/Liai dig rig xal clXlog fjidXiOr avS-Qib- 
70h^. /aazd roihov diXog dvaorrj, emdaixvvg fiav I6 
rrp^ Bvri&aiav rov rd nXola ahalv xaXavovrog^ oicT- 
71BQ Tidhv av rov oroXov Kvqov noiov/Ltevov, ajii^ 



14 LIB. I. CAP. III. 

deixvvg (f (bg evtid-sg eYri fiyBfiova ahstv naQcc rotj^ 
rov & Iv/LLaivduaO-a ttjv TtQd^LV. si Sk xal rip riyB- 

fMOVl 7llOT€V(JOjLi6V OV OLV d(p, XL XWXVSI Xal TCC CCXQU 

17 "^/ilv xsXsveiv KvQOV TiQoxaraXa^elv; iyw yccQ oxvoirjv 
fjiev av elg ra nXola ifi^aiveiv a rifuv dolrj, /Lcij op- 
/LLTjaag raig XQiriQeOi xaradvor], cpo^oifjiriv & civ rip 
riYSfiovi & doiri ejisod-ai, fjur] rj/Lcdg dydyfi o&ey ovx 
eOtai i^eXS-elv ^ovXoi/Lcijy d^ civ cixovrog dniajv Kvqov 
kad-stv avTov dnslS-ibv' o ov dvvaxov iittiv. dlX 

18 eyio (prifjLi. ravra /Lchv (pkuaQiag elvar doxel de /not 
avd^ag aXS-dvrag n^dg Kvqov oYrivsg hutridBioL Ovv 
Kksd^XV ^Q^T^OLV exslvov ri /iovkezat tj/llIv /Qfjod-ai' 
xal idv fi€v Tj TiQct^ig fi naQanXijaia oXcpisQ xal 
nQooS-sv BXQffto roTg Zsvlov, BJiea&ai xal rifjudg xal 

1^ firi xaxlovg elvai rwv rdrs avvava^dvTiov' idv dh 
fislCiov rj TiQd^ig rfjg tiqoo&bv ipalvrjrat xal enmo^ 
voycBQa xal enixivdworiQa, d^iovv ij neiiSavS'^ rifidg 
ciyuv ^ TtHOd-hxa nqbg (fiklav dcpihai* ovrio yap 
xal ind/Ltevot &v q)iXoi atnip xal n^dS^fiot biolfjue&a 
xal dnidvzsg docpaXibg &v dnlot/Lcsv' b ri (f av TiQdg 
ravra Xeyri djiayyelXac dsvQo' rifidg S* dxoxJdavrag 

^0 TiQbg ravra ^ovXevedO-ai. edo^e ravra, xal avd^ag 
eXofievoi oirv KXsdQXV nsfjinovocv oV riQihrim/ Kvqov 
rd do^avra rfj orQart^, 6 (f dnexQivaro &vt dxovoi 
l^/^QOXOfiav BxO-Qbv avd^a til rib Evip^drrj nora/uib 
slvacy dni^ovra dihdexa iTta&/Lto^g' TiQog roihov ovv 
Bcpri jSojiXsaS-ai iXd-elv xav /Lchv fjuhri exd, rrp^ dixijv 
Bcpri /^QT^L^Biv BTtid-Bivai avTip, fjfv dh (pavyri, rifieXg 

21 bxbI TLQog ravra ^ovX^Oofia^a. dxovoavrag dh 



LIB. I. CAP. III. IV. 15 

rav&* ot aiQetol djiayyikXovOi roig (txQari(braiQ' rolg 
(f vnot/Jia fisv rjv 6Vt ccyoi TtQog ^acfiXia, 8jiiwg (f 
edoKBi eJieO&ai, TiQoOairovOi dk fiio&ov 6 dh KvQog 
vniOxveTrai rjjuidXiov ndoi dibaeiv ov TiQ&ceQov I'lgp^- 
qov, dvri daQeixov XQia rjfiidaQeixa rov /Lcrjvog rcb 
azQari(brt]' 8ri ()' inl ^aOiXea ayoiy ov& hxaviy 
ijxovasr ovdag ev y€ rib cpaveQcp. 

IV. ^EvrevS-ev i^eXavvei (STaS'fji,oi)g dvo naQa-- 
cdyyag dixa hxl rbv Wolqov natajLtor, ov ^ rb 
evQog TQia nXaS-Qa. 

^Ert€v&€v B^elavvBi ata&fjibv sva TtaQaodyyag 
TievTS BJtl rbv UvQafjuov noTafiov, oi ^ xb evQog 
Oradiov, 

^EvrevO-Bv i^sXavvsc (na&fi^oijg dvo naQaady^ 
yag nevrexaidsxa dg ^looovg, rrjg KiXixiag eoxdrrp/ 
noXiv, inl rfi d-aldrTT] olxov/asvrp^ fjbeydXrp^ xal evr 
daifiova, evravS-' sjneivav rj/neQag ZQsIg' xal KvQ(p 2 
TiaQfjaav at ix IleXoTiovvriaov v^sg TQidxovra xal 
mvTB xal m avralg vavaQxog UvS-ayoQag Aaxe- 
dai/Lioviog. riYBlro S" avralg Taficjg AlyiimTiog e^ 
^Eq)e(Jov, l/cor vavg evsQag Kvqov rnvre xal 6^- 
xoOiVy alg bjioIioqxh Mikrjvov. naqify dh xal XecQi- 3 
ooq)og Aaxedaifjiovcog kil rtbv vetbv, fierdne/LtTirog 
vnb KvQoVj hvtaxooiovg e/wv onUrag, &v iozQa^ 
TTjyei TcaQa KvQtp, at dk vfjsg (OQjaovv naqd ttjv 
KvQov axi]vijy, hxav&a xal ot naQ A/S^oxo/ua 
/LLiO&oq)6Qoi "^'Ekhjyag dnoordvreg rikS-ov naQa Kv- 
()ov, retQaxoOioi onkixai, xal ovveOTQaxavovt inl 
^aoilea. 



16 UB. I. CAP. IV. 

4 ^Evxev&ey i^ekavvei (TtaS-uby eva noQaadyyag 
Tthr kii nvixxg rf^g Kihxiag xou rfjg ^^vpiag. ^ 
dk ravra dvo rsixt], xcd to uev eOwS-ev rd TtQo rfjg 
Kihxiag 'Svevj'eOig el/e xal Ki)Jx(ov (pv)xiLxriy to de 
l§co TO Tipd rf]g ^VQiag iSaoilewg iHyero cpvkaxi] 
q>vlai7tBiv. dia jluoov dh qbI rovrary Ttorajnog KAq- 
Cog oyoua, evQog n)J9^ov. obiai' dh to jluoov Tory 
THXioy fjOon' arddioi T^slg' xal nagelS-eiy ovx ?/k 
jtfi^' ^ ycLQ 71 TiaQodog areyrj xal to, tbixti dg Trp^ 
&d).aJTay xaS-r^xoyray vTJeQ&ty (f ^Oay .ihQm r^U- 
fiatoi' kii de Toig Tel/eOty duq)OTeQOig eq>Bi(ni]xeOav 

5 TivQYoi* TavTfjg eyexa Tf^g naQodov KvQog Tag yavg 
ueTeneutVOTOy onLmg oaXtiag dTio/Sifidaeiey xal fcco Tcbr 
nv/jby, diKpoTB^S-ev ^laaoiurog Toig no/^uiovg, 
el (pvldrTotey enl raig ^vgiaig nvlaig, on^p wbto 
.loiiicfeiv Toy ^Aj^^xouay, eyoiTa hloIv OTQdTevua. 
\-ifipox6uag (f ov toit CToiijaer, «iUL' inel fjxovce 
Ki'Qoy iy Kihxia oiTa, draar^ii^ag ex ^oiyixr^g 
noQa fiaOilea dru^vysy^ ex(oyy wg ejJ^ero. TQid- 
xovra uvQiddag OTQaridg. 

6 ^EyreCS-ey iSeixtvyei did J^vgia^ (naO-uoy «•« 
na^odyyag nerre eig .VrpiarJbr, .loiav oixovueytjy 
imo ^^yixioy kri rfj Studrrrf* iunoQioy l^ i;y rd 
/iOQioy xai &Quovy avroS-t 6)jcddeg nolXai. iiTavfF 

T euetray fjue^ctg CTree" xal Zeyiag o IrtQxdg xai Ua- 
aiwy o ^leyagevg eu^Sdrreg eig nlolor xal Td rtlei- 
arov o^f ' eyd-euBroi d:ie:nlevaay. d}g uer Tolg crXeiaroig 
i&dxovr q:uoTiiifi&e9Teg bTi tovc OTQarudTag avnby 
Tovg noQa Aifop/oi- d.-iii.&6rTag u}g coidira y eig 



LIB. I. CAP. IV. 17 

T^y 'EXXdda Tidkiv xal ov nqbg ^aOilea ela KvQog 
rdv KkeaQxov ex^iv. tiei & riOav dcpaveig, Si^Xds 
koj^og 8x1 diwxoi avTovg KvQog XQiriQeor xal ot /ney 
rjvXov&* d)g deilovg ovrag aircovg kriq)9^aiy ot d" 
cjXTiQov el dkcbooivro, KvQog de OvyxaXioag rovg s 
OTQaTTjyovg shxsr' ^AnoXBloinaatv rijudg Zeviag xal 
ITaoicov. diX ev ye /uevroi iTHOrdo&cov bri oi/i 
dnodsdQdxaOLV olda ydq otitj oYxovxar oirv dnone- 
q)6V'yaaiv' l^fco ydg XQitiQsig wOx)-' iksli^ xb exaivvov 
Tikolov dlkd fid xovg S-eovg ovx eywy avxovg Si- 
(bxo), 0V& cQel ovdelg d)g iycb, eeog fisv dv naQfj xig^ 
XQ(o/Liai, tietddv & dnieyai ^ovXijvai, avlla/Scov xal 
avxovg xaxtbg noid) xal xd xQV/^f^'^' dnoavhb, diX 
iorxwv eiSoxsg 8xc xaxiovg etol tibqI rifjidg 7] rifiBlg 
tibqI htaivovg. xaixoi l/co y amwv xal xixva xal 
yvvalxag h Tqd'k'kBOc q)QOVQov/Lt€va' dlX' ovde xov- 
xa)v OXBQtiaovxai, dX)^ dnoXrjtpovxai x^g nQoO&sr 
€V€xa ttbqI i/Lt€ dQBxfjg, xal 6 /lev xavt* elnei/' ol 9 
d* ""EHrp^egy si xig xal d&vjadxBQog rp^ n^bg xrjv dvd- 
^aOi^v, dxovovxeg xrjv KOqov dQsxriv rjdiov xal tcqo- 

d-V/Ll&VBQOV OVVeJlOQBVOVXO. 

Mexd xavxa KvQog B^aXavvei ataS-fioi^g xh- 
xaQag naQacdyyag etxoocv bil xbv Xdkov 7toxa/i6v, 
bvxa xb svQog nXiS-Qov, nki^Qij S* JxO-vcdv fuydhDv 
xal TtQaicDv, ovg ot S'^QOi S-soijg hbfiiQov xal ddixelv 
ovx Bioyv. at dh xtbfjiaiy ev alg ioxrivoiry, naQvad-- 
xidog TjOav, elg l^wvrjv dsdofieyai, 

^EvxevS-ep k^ekavvBi OxaS-fiovg nhxe TiaQa- 10 
odyyag XQidxovxa ml xdg nriydg xov ^dgdaxog no- 

Xenophontis Anabasis 2 



18 LIB. I. CAP. IV. ' 

ra/Liov, ov rb evQog nliS^Qov. ivTav&' riv ra BeXiavos 
/iaolksia rov Sv^iag aQ^arrog, xal naqadsioog navv 
fieyag xal xalog, B^oyv navd-^ b(f at wQai cpvovai. 
KvQog d' avTOv e^exoxpe xal ra ^aoilaia xarexavoav. 

11 ^EvrevS-ey i^ekavvei araS-jLtovg TQslg naQaGAy- 
yag nevTexaLdexa hil xbv EvcpQarrp^ Ttora/LcoVy ovra 
TO €VQog TsvtdQWv aradicov' xal noXig avTo&i tbxeho 
/ueydXrj xal svdai/uior, Odtpaxog dvo/Lta, hn:av& 
e/usiver rifUQag nsvzs. xal KvQog /ti^ajie/Lctpdfievog 
rovg OTQaTTiyovg twv "^EXkrivajv eXeyav bri 17 odbg 
eooiro TiQog ^aOiJJa /isyav elg Ba/hjkwva' xal xe~ 
XevBL avTovg Xeyuv ravra rolg OTQartwraig xal dva- 
TieiS'eLV eneO&ai, ol Ss TtoirjOavTsg exxlriaiav dnriy- 

12 y^Xkov rairva' ol ds OZQariojTai i/akmaivov rolg 
OTQarriyotg, xal ecpaCav avrovg ndXai ravx ddoxag 
XQVJireiv' xal ovx eq)aoav ievai, id vjMt] rig avrolg 
dcjQa didcby waneQ rolg tiqotbqov fim:a Kvqov dva- 
PdOLy xal ravr' ovx til fid'/vfif iovrogj dXlxa xa- 

13 Xovvrog rov TtarQog. rav&^ ol OrQarrjyol Kvqco 
dTCTjyyelXov ' 6 d^ vnea^^evo dvd^l ixdorw dibasiv 
Tiivr d^yvQiov jLcvdgf eTirjv elg Ba^vXwva ijxwoiy 
xal rov fjLiad-bv ivreXfj, f^ix9^ ^^ xaraOrrjOrj rovg 
^'EXXrp^ag elg 'Iwviav ndXiv, rb /ikr di] noXv rov 
^E).Xr]vixov ovrwg hteiodi]. 

MevcDv die tiqIv d^Xov elvai ri tioitjOovOlv 01 

aXkoi orQartibrai, nore^ov eipovrai Kiiqw ij oii, 

ovveXe^e rb avrov Or^drev/Lca ;fco()ig ribv dXXuov xal 

u h'Xe^e rdde* "AvdQegj idv /uoc necoS^re, oiire xivdv- 

vevoavreg oiire novi^Oavreg rwv aXXwv noXv nQori- 



LIB. I. CAP. IV. 19 

firiOBO&e OTQariartojv vno Kvqov. t/ ovv xsksviD 
TtocfjoaL; vvv dslrai KvQog ejieaS-ai rovg "^'E^rp^ag 
kill ^aOiXsa' iyo) ovv q)rifiL v/tidg x^Qfivai dia/^fjvai 
rdv Evq)Q&rrp^ norcafiov, nqlv dfjXov elvai 8,ti ol 
ccXkoi ""Elhfp^ag ajioxQivovvrai Kvqw. tjv fih^ yaQ 16 
ipriq)ioa)rtai sneoS-ai, v/4,alg do^st" ahioi ahai cIq^ 
Savreg rov Sux^alvsiv, xal wg TtQoSnjfiordroig 
ovaiv Vfjilv yoQ^'^ eia^ai KvQog xal anoddiaer enl- 
cfrarai & eX rcg xal dilog* ify (f dcnoxfjriq)(a(DVTai ol 
clkXoi, ojii/LLSv fih Hnavreg rovjUTtahVy Vfuv dh &g 
TiiarcytdToig XQV^^^'' ^^^ ^^S g)Q0VQia xal etg Aopfa- 
)^i(xg, xal clkkov brov &v dhjod-e old* Sri. (bg cpLkoi 
rev^saS-e Kvqov. dxovoavreg ravr enelS-ovto xal 16 
dia^riaav, tcqIv rovg clXXovg aTioxQivaa&ai. KvQog 
<f kiel fjaS-ero dia/3€^i]x6rag, 7]aS^ xe xal rib aTQa- 
Tev/uari. nifi^pag Fkovv elnev' ^Eyw /bUvy & HvdQBg, 
rjdtj Vfidg enaivcb' bncog dh xal v/Lcelg i/Lce ijiaivaaaxe 
ifiol /LceX^Oei., i] /Lcrjxerc /ue Kvqov vofjiD^ere. ol /akr n 
drj OTQaridjTai^ h itjiloc /LcsydXaig ovrsg tjvxovt^ 
avTov evTV/'^Oaiy Msvwvi dh xal dwQa iXey^o miLC'- 
ipai fisyaXonQsnibg. 

Tavxa dh noiriaag dii/iaive' ovvdjiero dh xal 
rb ailo OTQarev/Lca avrw anav. xal T(bv dia^ai-- 
vovxmv Tov noxafxov ovdelg i^Qex^T] dviorhQa) T(bv 
fjuaaribv; ol dh Oaipaxrjvol hleyov bri ov7td)7io&* odrog i8 
6 Tiora/Lcdg dia^ardg yhoixo netfj el fiij tots, dlXd 
nloioig* ct tots ^A^Qoxofxag tiqoYojv xarsxavoev, Xva 
fii] KvQog dia^fj, sdoxei di] S-alov elvai xal aacpojg 
tmoxcuQfjoai tov TtOTajnov Kvqco wg ^aaiXevaovri. 



•>* 



20 LIB. I. CAP. IV. V. 

19 ^Evrevd-Bv i^eXavvsi dia rrjg 2!vQlag OraS'/Lcovg 

eyvia naQaodyyag TtevrrixovTa' xal acpixvovvrai TiQog 
xdv ^Aqa^rp^ TioTa/aov, hravS^^ ijoav xw/aat nolkal 
fuoraX oirov xal oYvov. evravS-^ s/isivav rifjiBQag 
TQBlg xal ineOnioawo. 

V. ^Evrav&ev e^akavvBi dih rfjg Aga^iag rbv 
EvcpQarrp^ norcafiov iv Se^tq, €X(ov Oxad-fiovg e^rifiovg 
Tiivte TiaQuadyyag ZQiaxovra xal nivre, ev TovT(p 
Se rep rdncp rjv fikv rj yfj nediov cinar, 6/iaXkg d)(T- 
7i€Q S-dlaxTay onfJivB-lov dh TtkfJQeg' ei da ti xal 
alio ivfjv vhfig i] xakd/LLOv, anavr rp^ evibdt] &a7ie^ 

2 aQibfiara* devd^ov S" ovdev ivfjv, &riQla dh navrolay 
TiXelOroi ovoL clyQtoi, nokXal dh OTQOvd-ol at fi&^ 
ydXar ivfjoav dh xal (bTideg xal doQxddag' ravra 
dh ra di]Qia ol InTiijg hior idlwxov, xal ol /lcsv 
ovoiy bisL Tig diwxoiy TtQodQa/LLdvreg aaxaaav* nolv 
yocQ x(bv iTtTtwv etQBxov S-avtov* xal ndhv, kxel 
Tikrjaid'Coiev ol ijinoi, ravrbv inoiow, xal ovx ^ 
la/Selv, el /bii] diaOTdvzeg ol InTifjg &r]Q(pey diade^ 
x6/Li6voi. ra dh XQia r(bv ahoxo/LcivcDV ^v naQa-- 

3 TtXtjOia roig elacpaioig, anahbrsQa dL ar^ovS-bv (f 
ovdalg hla^ev' ol dh diw^avreg %&v iTmicjv ra^v 
mavovro* nolv yaQ oJiecfna q)eijyovaa /uhv d^o/iWy. 
Toig dh TttBQV^iv &onBQ laxicp xQ^f^^V* ^^^ ^' 
(brldag av xig ra^v dviOrfi bOti hxfji^dvBiV nhovrat 
yaQ ^Qa^v diCTiBQ TtB^diXBg xal xa^v dnayoQeiiovCu 
xd dh XQBa avx&v rjdiOxa 7]v. 

4 IToQBvdiLiBvoi dh did xavxrjg xfjg x^Q^S dq)i'^ 
xvovvxai ml xbv Mdoxav noxa/LLdv, xb BVQog tiXb-- 



LIB. I. CAP. V. 21 



&Qialov. evravS-' rjy nolig igrnni], fieyAlriy Svofia 
(f avrfj KoQOiorii' neQieQQelro J' avrrj vnb rov 
Mdaxa xvxl(p. hxavS-^ efieivav rifjU^ag TQelg xal 
msairlaavTo, 

^EvravS'ey e^ekaijvei ara&iurovg CQi^/Lcovg tqiO^ 6 
xaldexa TKZQaadyyag ivevrjxovra rdv EvcpQ&rr{y no^ 
rafidv ev de^iq a/coy, xal oLcpixvelTai snl HvXag, 
h rovToig roig oxaS^fjiolg noXXd, rwv vnoCvyicDv 
dncbketo vnb Ufiov' oif yuQ ^ x^9^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ 
ovSh dhdgovy aJ^h tpikii ^ anada i] x^Q^' ^^ ^^ 
evoixovvreg bvovg dlhag nagd rdv norcafjibv optJT- 
Tovreg xal noiovrreg etg Ba^vlwva ijyov xal kidh- 
low xal dvtaYOQo^ovtBg alrov eCcov. rb Sh dxQd- 6 
zevfia 6 (ftrog eniXme, xal TtQlaaS-ai ovx ijv el fiij 
h rfj Avdl(f dyoQq, h rip K6qov ^aQ^aQixcp, rrjv 
xaniS^ dledQoyy ij dkq)iT(ov zetrdQCov cly^Xcov, 6 
dk aiylog dvvarai httd o^oXovg xal "^/llho^oXiov 
^ArxLXoijg' 17 dh xanlSi] dvo xolvi^xag Amxdg ixd)Qei. 
XQsa odv ioS-lovrsg ol crQanwrai di&yiYvovro. ^v 1 
di To{yto}v Tojv (traS-fiayy ovg ndvv /aaXQOvg ijXavvev, 
imoTB i] TtQbg {JSwq ^ovXoito Siarekioai ij ngbg /dd^. 

Kcd dii ntrtB arevox(OQlag xal nrilov (pavhrog 
ralg afid^aig dvanoQ&Hrov eniarrj 6 KvQog avv roig 
tisqI avrbv dQlcfroig xal ^daifioveardroigj xal eta^e 
Fkovv xal ITiyQTjra Xa^ovrag rov ^aQ^aQixov OXQa- 
Tov Ot/yejt^i^d^eiv rag d/ud^ag. inel & edoxow 8 
avT(b oxoXalwg noieiv, &(S7ieQ b^yfj exeXevOe rovg 
TttQl avrbv lUqoag rovg XQarlotovg avvanciOTievOai 
rag a/id^ag. h^S-a Sij /Liigog ri rfjg evra^iag ^ 



22 LIB. I. CAP. V. 

S^edcfaoS-ai. Qiyjarreg yccQ rovg noQcpVQOvg xAvdvQy 
Htiov ervx^y exa&tog iorrixcbg, Yevxo &0nBQ av dQa/uoi 
Tcg Tieql vUrjg xal /ndla xaza UQavovg y7]l6q)ov, 
exovxeg rovg re noh/telelg /iribvag xal rag noixilag 
dva^Qidag, evioi da xal (nqeivtovg neql rolg zQa- 
X'fj^oig xal tpiXia ne^l ralg x^Q^^^' ^^S ^^ (^vv 
Tovroig slonrjdriaavreg etg rdv nr]kbv S-drxov rj dig 
9 rig ctv W8Z0 /LceteiOQovg i^exofiiOav rag a/ud^ag, to 
de OVfMTiav dfjkog riv KvQog enianevdcov Ttdoav rijv 
odbv xal od diarQi^cov, Snov /lcti ticOiriOfiov evexa 
rj rivog dilov dvayxaiov ixaS-^etOy vofjLiQoiVy bacp 
S-drrov eXS-oi, rooovrco oJiaQaOxsvoriQCp ^aOilei 
fiaxelcfS'ai, How dh (T;foZ«/T6poy, roOovrcp Tikiov av 
dj^slQsoS-ai ^aOikel Or^drev/ua. xal Ovvidelv S" ^y 
r(p nQodixovri rdv vovv rj ^aOikicog d^xv ^^V^^^ 
/lev x^Q^S ^^^ dv&Qomwv lOxvQd ovoa, rolg dh 
fiTixeai rdfv odwv xal rep dieCndoS-ai. rdg dwdfiaig 
doS-evrig, si rig did rax^cov rdv Tidke/UrOV noioiro. 

10 IJeQav dh rov Evq>Qdrov Ttorajuov xard rovg 
BQrifiovg ara&fjiovg i]v nolig evdaifiiDv xal fieydXriy 
Svofia dh XaQ/Lcdvdt]' ex ravrrjg oi Or^ariwrai riyo-- 
qaC^ov rdjiirr\deiaj oxediaig dia^aivovreg c5(Je. di- 
q>S'iQag &g elxov areydafiara hv&iifjujikaaav xoQ'^ov 
xoijcpov, elra avvfjyov xal OwiOTKoVy (bg /irj an- 
rea&ai rfjg xd^cprig rd ildajQ' ml ro'&ccDV dU^aivov 
xal eXdfipavov rdnirrideia, oivdv r ex rfjg ^aXdvov 
7ce7ioii]/Lciyov r^g djid rov q)oivixog xal Oirov /bLeUvi]g' 

11 rovro ydg riv er rfj x^9^ nkeiorov. dficpike^dvrwv 
di ri evravd-a ribv re Mevwvog rov OrQarianibv 



LIB. I. CAP. V. 23 

xal T(bv KkeaQX^^ o KlmQX^S XQivag adixeir rov 
Tov Mhoyvog nhriyhg svi^alsv' 6 (f il&ayv tiqqq 
TO iavTov OTQarevfia h'ksysv' dxovaavrsg (f ol or^a- 
Ticbrai BxcikeJiaivov xat (b^yi^ovro loxvQ(bg rw Kks- 
aQXV' '^fi ^ CLvrfj "^fieQcc Kkea^xog eld-dyv kill xip^ 12 
didpaOiV TOV nora/Liov xal ixei xaraoxeyjd/Ltsvog rijv 
dyoQ^v dq)m7ieu€L knl ttjv iavrov oxrjvrjv did rov 
MsvcDvog OTQaTsv/Ltarog Cvv oliyoig rolg neql avrov* 
KvQog (f oiino} ^xsv, dXX^ eri TiQoOriXat/ys* rwv ds 
Mhatvog arQaricDTajv ^la ax^Qoyv rig (bg elde Kks- 
aQx^v dteXavvovray itjOi rfj d^ivji* xal ovrog fih 
avTov rj/Lta^TSV' dllog dh U&co xal dllog, sha 
noHoiy XQavyfjg 'ysvo/LLevrjg. 6 3s xaraq)6V'/6L slg 13 
t6 iaifrov OTQarsvfia, xal svSi^g Tca^ayyelleL slg 
xa bTzXa* xal rovg /llsv onXirag avrov sxslsvos fisl- 
vat Tag donidag TiQog rd ydvara S-ivragf avrog ds 
ka^cjv Toi)g 0Qqxag xal rovg binsag, oi ijOav avT(p 

SV Tip OTQaTSV/LCaTl Tllsiovg i] TSTTaQOXOVTa, TOVTCOV 

(f ol TikslCTOi O^axsg, rjlawey enl Tovg Mhwvogy 
iodr exslvovg kmsTtXrjxS'ai xal ainbr Msvcova, xal 
TQsxsiv enl ra bTzXa' ol ds xal sOTaOav dnoQovvTsg 
T(p TiQdy/LiaTL. 6 dh IJQd^svog — srvx^ ydQ vc- 14 
TSQog TiQoOicbv xal Td^ig avT(p ino/ievrj t&v otiIitwv 
— svdi)g slg t6 /hsOov d/Ltq)OTSQ0Dv dyiXiv sS-ero Ta 
HnXa xal sSsXto tov KksaQXov f^^l nouXv Taiha. 6 
(f sxaiMfiaivsv iki avTov oXlyov d&qaavTog xaTa- 
levoSijvai n^dayg Xsyoi to avrov ndS-og, ixiXsvoi 
T airtbv ht tov fisOov i^loTaad-ai. sv ToiJTip (f 16 
iTf^si xal KvQog xal sniiS-evo to nQ&yi^a* svSvg <f 



24 LIB I. CAP. V. VI. 

I5w«^€ ra nalra eig rag /cipag xai ai)v rolg naQovoi 
Tibv TiiOT&v ipcey ilavvcDv eig to fjUoov, xal keysi 

16 rads' KkiaQX^ ^«^ IJQO^eve xal ot ak?.oi ot naqovreg 
"^'Ekkrjvegy oifx UJ&^ b xt noieire. et yap nv* dXki^- 
loig fuxx^ Owdnpete, vo/uCst h rfjde rfj fifjUQa 
BfjU T€ xarax&coipead'ai xal vfi&g ov nokd e/iov 
vOxsQov* xaxAg yccQ rdfv '^/LLsreQcoy sx6vto}v ndvrsg 
ovroi ovg oQare ^aQ^aqov nolsfuanBQoi ^/uv eoovrai 

17 T(b}' TiaQa ^aOi}^l ovrmv. dxovaag Tav&^ 6 Kke- 
aQx^g ^ iai/iov kyhBio* xal navad/LLevoi dfjiq)&ceqoi 
xard ;fc6()ay eS-evro rd onka. 

VI. ^Evrevd-sv nQo'iovrayv iq)aivet ixvtj Vtitkov 
xal xoTiQog' fixa£i&to & slvai 6 ari^og dyg diOxi'^ory 
htJiiiDv. oirvoi nqoXovrsg hcaov xal x^^ov xal si ri 
cckXo XQV^^/^''^ W* ^O^oiTag dk UeQarjg dvf]Q ysvei 
re TiQoarixwv ^aOilei xal tcc Tioki/upL i^o/Luvog 

2 h rolg dqiaxoig UeqaAv eni^ovlevei KvQ(p, xal 
nQdad-ey nolsfiriaagy xaraXkayng ds. oinog Kdqtp 
elneVy el avrip doltj btnciag ;f4Aiot;s, f>Ti rovg tiqo^ 
xaraxdovrag iTvieag rj xaraxdvoi dv hsd^evdag i] 
"Q&vxag nolkovg axrc&v dv ekoi xai xioltiaeie tov 
xdsLv htiovragy xal noii^oeisv ware firjnortB dvvaa&ai 
avTovg idovrag to Kijqov (JTQdrsv/Lta ^aOiXsi dtay^ 
ysikai. T(p dk KvQ(p dxovaavri Tairt edoxei (bq>i-' 
hjna elvaiy xai sxilsvaev airtbv ka/n^dveiv jbUQog 

3 Trap' exdaxov ribv riyefiovcov. 6 & ^Ogdwag ro- 
fuoag ktoifiovg eJvai avrw rovg btneag YQdq)H iTii- 
CTohrpf na^d ^aoikeay dri ij^oi ex(ov htniag d)g dv 
^drrftai Tikaicrovg* dfia (p^doat rolg iavzov bmevoiv 



LIB. I. CAP. VI. 25 

ixiXevev (bg q>ihov avrdv wiodaxBOd-ai. ivrjv 3' 
iv Tfj emOtoXfi xal Ttjg 7iQ6a&€v (pikiag vnofj^vri- 
fjuaxa xal niorecDg. ravrrjv xiiv emCroWiv dldioai 
mOTcp avd^ly (hg (jieto' 6 dh Xa^cjv KvQip anodi- 
doyCiv. avayvovg & avrrjv 6 KvQog avila/ii^dvsi 4 
^ O^ovxaVy xal ovyxalei sig rijv eavxov axrivr]v Usq- 
oag rovg dQiOrovg r(bv neql airtbr knr&y xal rovg 
T(bv "^EKkrivwy OTQarrj'yovg ixilsvosv onXlrag aya- 
yelv, TOijrovg dh S-eod-ai r& SnXa ns^l rrjv avrov 
Czi]vriv. oi dh ravt* enoirioav, dyayovTBg (bg rpto"- 
XiXiovg onUrag. KliaQX^y 3k xal eiOo) naQsxdXeOe 6 
ov/Li^ovlov, Sg ye xal avrcp xal rolg dkXoig kddxei 
TiQOTi/LcrjSijvai fidhara rcbv "^Eilrp^wv. knel & ff- 
rjlS-eVy dii^yyedB rolg (piXoig rrp^ xqIoiv tov ' Ogovra 
(bg iyiveto' ov yaQ dnoqqijtov ^. 

^'Eq)ri dh Kvqov ccqx^''^ '^ov koyov cScfe* IJaQ- g 
exdXeaa Vf^dg, avSqeg (piXoi, Hnoyg Ovv Vfuv ^ovksvo^ 
/leyog S ri dixawv ion xal TiQdg S-ewv xal TiQog dv^ 
^-QcbncDVy Tovro nqd^oy tibqI ^ O^drra roxrtovL rovrov 
yoiQ TiQVJTov fiky 6 sfibg TiarrjQ edcoxsv vni^xoov elvai 
i/Lioi* knel dh raxd-eig, (bg ecpt] avrdg, vnb tov ifiov 
ddeXq)ov oirog inole/LLTjOsv ifiol, excov rriv sv 2dQ^ 
de&Lv dxQdnoXiVy xal eyo) avrov TiQoanoks/Lccbv ivixrjaa, 
wax hdo^e ToifTcp TOV TtQdg i/Lth noXi/MV na'daaad-aiy 
xal ds^idv eXa^ov xal 6d(jt}xay f^srd Tavr, ligpij, c5 7 
^O^drra, eOTiv 6 ti Ob i^dixr](Ja; dnexQivaro fin oii. 
TcdXiv (f 6 KvQog ^^(OTa, Ovxovr {Jotbqov, (bg avTog 
oi) 6/LLoXoyeig, ovdhv vn s/llov ddi^ov/usvog, dnoardg 
dg Mvoovg xaxwg knoieig Trp^ ifiriv ;fc6(>ar 6' n idvvo); 



26 LIB. I. CAP. VI. 



figpTj. OvTtovVy eq)!] 6 KvqoQj bnor av Byvoyg ri]r 
aavrov Svva/Ltir, ilS-cbv kit rov xfis l^Qri/uidog 
/ioD/Lidv /LLsra/Ltekeiv re aoi eq)7]a0'a xal nsioag i/ue 
maxa ndhv sdayxdg fioi xal ela/Seg TiaQ* i/aov; 

8 xal ravd-^ (b/uokoj^ei 6 ^ O^ovxag, Ti ovv, €q)7j 6 
KvQog, ddixrj&elg VTit sfjuov vvr to tqItov knt^ov- 
kevoDv fioi q)aveQ6g yiyovag; ehidvrog dk rov ' Oqcv- 
ra 8ri ovdev ddixrj&eig^ "^QwrrjOsv 6 KvQog avrov 
^OfioXoyelg ovv tibqI i/uh ddtxog ysyevfja&ai ; ^H 
yaQ dvdyxri, h^prj. ex rovzov ndXiv rjQcbrriOev 6 
KvQog' ''En oiv civ yhoio Tip i/icp ddeXcpip nolM- 
fjiiog, Ifjiol dl (pikog xal TtiOrog; 6 (f djiexQivazo 
Sri ovd" el Y^oifirp^y (b KvQe, ooi y av nor' m 

9 dd^aifii. TiQog ravxa KvQog bItib rolg naQOVOiv 
^0 fiBV dvrjQ ToiavTa /uev nenoirixB, roiavra ds 
HyBr vfi&v 3b av nQ&rogy & KkiaQX^f dji6q)rivai 
yvib/u/ijv a Ti Col SoxbL KleaQX^S 3" bItib xddB' 'Zvfjb^ 
^ovIbvo) iyo) rov civd^a rovrov ixjiodwv noiBla&ai 
&g rdxtOxa, wg firjXBTi diji rovrov q)vXdvtBC&aiy 
dild oxolij fi rj/Mv rd xard rovrov Bivai rovg b&b- 

10 Xovrag dya&oijg Bivai bv tioibTv. ravrrj rfj yvw/ifj 
Bcpri xal rovg ailovg nQooS^iaS-au fjuetd ravra dh 
XBlBVovrog Kvqov hla^ov r7]g l^ihvrjg rov 'Oqovrav 
BTil B-avdrip anavrBg dvaOrdvrBg xal ol avyyBVBig' 
Bira (f B^yov avrov olg TCQoOBrdxSi]. btibI & bWov 
avrbv ouibq tiqoO&bv 71qo(Jbxvvovv, xal rorB tiqoo^ 
BX^VTjCfaVy xaiTiBQ BidoTBg Uri ml S-dvarov ayoiro. 

11 hiBl & Big rtfy 'A^randrov oxrp^rp^ BiorjxB^ rov moro^ 
rdrov rd>v Kvqov oxrjjirovxoiv, (i^d rain ovtb 



LIB. I. CAP. VI. VII. 27 

^cD^r' ^OQovcav ovxe TsS^rjXoz^ ovdelg elde TiWTtOTe, 
ovd" oncoG ctniS-avsv ovdslg eldcog hlsysv' fjxaCov 
(f cilloi aXXiog' Taq)og (f ovdelg nibnor avrov 
iipavrj. 

Vn. ^Evrev&ey k^elavvei dia rfjg Ba/ivlcoviag 
CTa&fjiovg TQsig na^aadyyag dwdsxa. iv dk rep 
rp/ro) &va&/i(p KvQog i^haair noielrai rcov "^EkXrjvoyv 
xal T(bv ^aQ^&QOJV h rw nedlcp tibqI fjUcag vvxrcag* 
kdoxBi yoLQ sig Tijv kruovOav €0) rj^eiv ^aOiXia Ovv rep 
OTQarev/LcaTi /Lcaxov/asvov' xal ixelsve KkeaQx^v juhv 
Tov de^iov xsQwg "^yeiod-aL, Mevwva dh rov svcd- 
vv/LLOv, avTog dk xovg iavrov dceta^e. fisra dk Tijv 2 
i^haOiv a/LUX rfi incovorj rifisQa rjxov avro/LLoloL 
TcaQcc fuyAXov /Saadiwg. 

KvQog dh avyxaliaag rovg arQarrjyovg xal 
loxayovg rwv "^EkXrivmv ouve^ovkevero re ncbg av 
T?yy /idxW ^ocolro xal avrbg naQtp^H S^aQQVviov 
xotade* ^JQ avd^eg "^'EkXrivsg, ovx dv&Qwnwv anoQ&v 3 
av/Lc/Lidxovg v/idg ayo}, aild rofiljC^ojv d/asivovg xal 
XQsirTovg Tiollanlaoiiov /SaQ^dQOOv v/idg slvai, did 
Tovro TiQooila^or. bnwg ovv eOaaS-^ clvd^sg a^ioi 
rfjg eXavS-BQiag rig xhctrjaS-e xal rig v/iag i'yo) bv- 
daLfjiovLQo}. Bv ydq ic&^ 8ri rrp^ ikBvS-BQiav k'koi- 
/Lcriv &v dv&^ &v Bxco navrwr xal clUxov nolXwv. 
oncog Sb xal Bldijt Big olov bqx^^^^ d'/cbraf v/ndg 4 
eidejg didd^w. rd /nkv yccQ TtkfjS-og noilol xal 
XQavyfj nolkfj ejiiaaiv av dh ravr dvdoxv^^^^ 
T&Xka xal aicxwBiC&al /noi doxvj oiovg rj/uv yvd)^ 
OboS-' iv rfj x^9^ ovxag dv&Qibnovg. vfiwv dh 



28 LIB. I. CAP. VII. 

xaTOQ&wodvTCDv xal sv x&v i/LtAv ysvo/ievoov, eyd) 
vu(bv rbv fikv oixade /3ov16/luvov amhai rolg oixoi 
trjXartdv Tioii^Oo) oJisl&slv, noXkovg (f olfiai noii^Oeiv 

5 ra naQi* i/ioi iXia&ai avrl rcbv ocxoi. evravS-a Fav^ 
klTTjg rig 7ia^d)v q)vyag SdjLtiog, maxbg dh KvQcp, 
etna' Kal ^r/y, & Kv^e, Xiyovai rivag Hrt noild 
imiO/VBl vOv dm rd h roiovrip alvai rov xivdvvov 
TtQoaidvTogy ctv & €V yhrfrai ri, ov fUfivriOecS-ai Ob 
q)aaiv* Uvioi dh ovd* el /us/Ltvfj6 re xal /iovloio dv^ 

6 vaoS-ai otv cbtodovvai bd* VTiiaxvaL dxovaag ravr 
i%€§€v 6 KvQog* ^AIX sari /ley ri[juvy & avdqeg^ ri 
(tQXV ^ TtOTQwa TXQdg fjih fuCrifiPgUty fiax^i oi 
dia xavfxa ov dvvavxai oixeiv cIv&qcdtioi, TiQog & 
clQXToy fi^xQi o5 diet /e^/^cora* t& d^ h fiioq} rot'- 
r(ov Tidrra oargtmevovOiv oi rov suov adekq)ov 

7 (p(Xoi. fjy (f "^jiiug viXtjOcDfiey, iqiiag del rovg rifia^ 
riqovg (plXovg roihary iyxQoreig noifioai. &(Tt ov 
rovro dedoixa^ fiij ovx %co H n d(b ixd(Tr(p r(bv 
(flkcovj &y ed yhnjrai, dXkd firi ovx ^m ixavovg 
oig 6(0. i/iwr dk r(bv "^EJiXfiycoy xoH crkpavov 

8 (xdarfp xQVCovr doHSo}. ol &* ravr dxovOayteg 
ai*TOi T ^aar nolif nQo9-vfi6re^oi xai roig aXkoig 
i^fjj'yBilor. eiafjOay dk 7f«p* auroi' oi' 5-* vTioOrQa-^ 
Tfjj'oi x(ti TC&i' alko)y ^ElXtjrmy nrag dSiovrzeg 
liderm Ti oqiiaiv earcu, i^ XQcmjOioair. 6 (f 

9 iunifi^Xitg itTtdyroiy rijy yyAufjy anenrfiirrf. TiOQe^ 
xbIbvokto d^ avT(p ndyreg Saoi:nBQ duliyo^TO uij 
udxfodxu^ diX 6.ii(f&By ktvrdfy rdmcdxu. ir dk 



LIB. I. CAP. VII. 29 

KvQov Oiei yap Ov /^opfwcr^a^, & Kvqs, rdv ddsl- 
q)6v; Nil JCy eg)?] 6 KvQog, bitisq ye JaQsiov xal 
IJaQvadTidoQ iOTL naig, i/idg & adelcpogy ovx afiaxd 
xairc iyo) kriipo/Lcai. 

^Evrav&a dij ev rfi e^oiikiaic^ dQiB-fibg i'yiveio to 
T(bv fiey '^Ekkrivary donlg /LtVQia xal rsTQaxoaia, ns).- 
raaral dh dca)(^ikioi xal Tievraxdoioi, rwv dk /uza 
KvQov P<XQ^dQ(ov dixa (iVQiAdeg xal aqfjiaxa d^e- 
nav7iq)6Qa a/jiqA ra eixoOi. rdjv dk nole/Lclwv ile- ii 
yovTO elvai kxarbv xal eixoOi fiVQiadeg xal aqfjuara 
dqBJtay7\(f6qa diaxdoia. SXkoi (f ^Oav i^axioxihoi 
iTmrjg, &v ^A^rayiQarig ^QX^' ovroi (f ad nqb avrov 
jSaOilicDg revay/ievoL ricav. rov dh ^aOiHwg OTQa- 12 
xevfiarog rjoar apjfoyrcs rhraQcg, XQiaxovra /ivqi- 
adrnv exaOTog, ji/S^oxd/aag, TLoaaq)€Qvrig, rco^Qvag, 
udQ^dxtjg. rovTcor Sk Tia^eyev^vro ev rfj /^dxfi eve^ 
vTjxovra fiVQiadeg xal aqfjuaxa dqBJiavriqioqa exarov 
xal neynfixovra' A/^QOxd/Lcag (f vareQriae rfjg^ /LuixVS 
TlfiiQaig nevre, ex <Poivixr]g ekavvmv. ravra (f 13 
^yyeXkov TiQbg Kvqov 01 avro/ioli^aavTeg naQcc /is- 
ydXov ^aOilecog 7Tq6 Tfjg /idxfjg, xal oi vareQov 
e'kriq)&riaav twv nole/ilcov ravrd ij'y'ysklov. 

^EvrevS^ev dk KvQog e^eXavvet araO-fjibv era u 
TiaQaodyyag xQelg ovvTevay/iey(p rep arQaTev/LLaTi 
navrl xal rep '^Ekkrp^ixcp xal rep ^aQ^aQixep' cpero 
yaQ raihri rfj rj/iBQa fzaxeloS-ac /^aoikia' xard 
yoQ fieOov rbv Ora&fibr rovrov rdq)Qog tjv oQVXxriy 
rb jLcev eijQog oQyvial nhre^ rb dh ^d&og oQyvial 
r^eig. TcaQetharo d' rj rdepQog oivo) did rov ne- I6 



28 LIB. I. CAP. VII. 

xaroQ&wa&vrwv xai ev ribv i/Lc&v ysvofjUviDVy eydy 
vfx(bv rbr /ihv oixaSe ^ovldfuvoy dniivai roig oixoi 
l^Tjliordv noiriO(D djislS-slv, nokXovg (f olfiai tioli^Obiv 
6 T« Trap' i/Liol iksoS-ai dvrl rwv oixoc. evravO-a Fav^ 
Uxris Tig 7iaQ(bv q)V'ydcg Zdfiiog^ niOxbg dh KCqWj 
elne' Kal fjnqvy & KvQSy Xiyovai rireg bxi nolla 
vmOxvBi vvv did rb sv roiovrip elvai rov xivdvvov 
TiQoaiovTog, dv d* sv yivrjTai rcy ov /Lts/LLn^aeoS^ai Oe 
q>aOiv' Uvioi dh ovd* el fisfivfio re xal ^ovloio dv- 

6 vaoS-ai dv dnodovvai o<f vnioxvel. dxovoag xavr 
eleSev 6 KvQog' ^AiX ecri fih rifilVy & dvdQeg, ij 
dQXV V ^otTQ(pa TiQbg /Liev /jiearifji^glav fiexQ'' ^^ 
did xavfjia ov di)vavxai olxelv dr&QCOTtoi, nqbg &* 
dqxxov fie%qi ov did ;f€i^d)i'a* rd d' h /Liioip toi;- 
rcov ndvra oarQajisvovOiv ol rov iiuov ddekq)ov 

7 q)ikoi. ijv (f "^/iBig vixtiOco/Lcev, ^fidg del rovg rifju- 
xeQovg (pllovg T&&to}v eyxQareig noifjoai. war ov 
Tovro dedoixa, /lctj oix c^fto 6' ri duj exdOT(p rcbv 
q)iko}Vy dv ed yivrirai, dXXd /lij ovx l/co Ixavotg 
olg d(b. Vfji&v dh r&v "^Ekhrp^fov xal orecpavov 

8 ixdorw /()i;crow dibao). ol S-^ ravr dxovoavrsg 
avToi T TjOav noli) 7iQo3v(i6i:eQOi xal roTg dXkoig 
e^y/eilov. eiOfjoav dh naq^ avrbv oi S-^ vnoOxQa^ 
rrjyoi xal xibr dllwv '^EklrjvvDv zivhg d^iovvreg 
Bidivai t/ Cifiaiv eorai, edv XQari^OODOiv. 6 d* 

9 iuni/Linldg dndvrwv rip/ yvibfjurp/ dnene/j/Jie. ua^e^ 
xeXevovro rf' aiircp ndvreg boomeQ dieleyovro fi/fj 
fidxeod-ai, d}X onioS-ev eavribv rdrreo&ai, ev dh 
rip xaiQfp rovTip KkeaQX^S &de ncog iJQero rbv 



LIB. I. CAP. VII. 29 

KvQOV* OXet yoLQ av [MtXBtC&aiy & Kvqc, rbv adeX- 
q)6v; Nij Jty e'q)?] 6 KvQog, €L71€q ye JaQslov xal 
UaQVOdTidoG ion naiG, i/i6g cf ddekq)6g, ovx dfiax^^ 
zairt syib k^ipofiai. 

^Evrav&a dij iv rfj i^onhaiif dqiB-fjibg iyevero to 
T(bv /lev "^Ekkrivary aOnlg fivqla xal TevQaxoala, ne),- 
raoral dh diCx^Xioi xal nsrtaxdaioi, rwv dk /Ltetd 
KvQOV fiaQ^dQODv dixa /LLVQiddeg xal aQfiara dge- 
7iavr}q)6Qa dfiq)l rd sixoOi. Td>v de noks/Ltiwv ike- ii 
yovTO eivai excctbv xal eixoCi fivqiddeg xal a^fiaxa 
dqBJtav7i(f6qa diaxdoia. SXkoi & ijaav e§axiaxikioi 
Innfjg, &v jiQrayiQOrjg riQx^' oiroi (f av tiqo avrov 
^aaiM(Dg rezay/Lcevoi fiOav. rov dh ^aOikicog OXQa- 12 
retJ/Liarog TjOav ccQxovreg rhraQeg, TQiaxovra /llvqi- 
ddoDV exaOrog, l^^Qoxd/LLag, Tioaaq)eQvrig, FcD^Qvag, 
u4Q/3dxrjg. tovtcov de naQeyev^vro iv rfj fidxTl ^^ 
vrjxovra fiVQiddeg xal aqfiaza dqm,av7\cf6qa ixarov 
xal TtevrrixovTa' j4^QOx6/Liag (f vOreQtjae Tfjg^ /u^xxrjg 
TlfieQaig nevre, ex ^oivixrjg ila^jvcov, ravxa (f 13 
rfyyeilov ngog Kvqov 01 avrofiohfiaavreg naqd fie- 
ydkov ^aOiXewg 71q6 Tfjg /idxfjg, xal oi vOreQov 
ihficp&riaav rwv noke/niwr ravxa rjyyellov. 

^EvrevS-ev de KvQog i^ekavvei oraS^fibv era 14 
TtaQaod'yyag XQeig ovvreray/iivip rep OTQared/iari 
navtl xal rip '^Ekkrirmcp xal rw ^aQ^aQixip' cpero 
yap raiiTfi rfj rj/ieQa /laxeioS-ai. ^aoiXia' xara 
yaQ fieoov xbv (fra&fiov rovrov rdq)Qog rjr oQvxxri, 
rd /lev evQog oQyvial nhrey rb Se ^d&og d^yvial 
TQelg. TcaQetiraro d' 17 Tdq)Qog dvo) dcd zov ne- I6 



30 LIB. I. CAP. VII. 

diov knl dibdsxa naQaodyyaQ fi^XQ^ '^^^ Mridiag 
reixovg. 

^Hv dh naga xbv Evq)Qdrriv naQodog arevi] 
/lera^ xov norafiov xal rfjg Tdq)Qov (bg eXxoOi 

16 Tiod'wv zd evQog' ravTTjv ds ttjv Tdq)Qov jiaadeug 
novel avr iQij/LtaTog, ensidr] nvvd-dverai Kvqov TiQoa- 
skavvorra. ravrrp^ drj KvQdg re xal rj orgaridL 

17 naQTJk&s xal iyivovro eXoo). ravrrj fih ovv rfj 
rj/4^Qcc ovx Bfjuax^oaro /iaOiXevgy dkl^ vTioxiOQOvyTOv 
q)avBQd riv xal ititicdv xal dvd-QWTicDv ix^ri noild. 

18 hravS-a KvQog Silavov xaleoag rov l^fi7iQaxid)Trp^ 
fidvriv h'dcDXsv avrm daqeixovg rptojf^A/ofs, ihi rfj 
ivdexdrfi an ixdv7\g 7\fjiMqa TiQoSvo/usvog elnev aircw 
iki /iaOikei^g ov uaxBirai dsxa rifUQibv, KvQog d^ 
einev' Ovx aQ* szi fiaxeirai, el h ravraig ov fia- 
Xslrai ralg tifjUgaig' sdv d^ akriS-evarigy vmOxyov/Lcai 
ooi dexa rdkavra. rovro rd /pi>cr/or tot djiiSa)xev, 

19 insl TiaQTjkO-ov at dsxa rj/itiQai. bisl & kml rfj 
Tdq)Q(p ovx ix(J)lv6 ^aOiXevg to Kvqov or^dTevfia 
dia^aivBiv, edo^s xal Kvqw xal Tolg cilloig dneyvo)- 
xevai Tov /adxeod-ar &aTB Tfj vOTSQaia KvQog knco- 

20 qev^o '^/X€lri/u4ra)g fjuaXkov. zfj Sk tqIttj eni tb 
TOV ciQ/LLaTog xaS^/uBvog Trp^ noQBiav bjioibIto xal 



15 ^'Ev^a a\ diwQVxsg, dnd tov TiyQtjTog Ttorafwv 
^Bovaai' bIgI 6k TerTaQsg, rd fxiv eigog 7T)^d'Qiaiai, fia- 
d-Biai Si lax^Q^^i ^^l nkoia tiXbT iv otiTaTg aiTaycoyd' 
slal^dlXovai di sig rdv Edcpgdrrp^, dia).€i7tovai d* huxfTrr; 
naQaaadyyrjv, yicpvQai cT BTteiaiv. 



LIB. I. CAP. VII. VIII. 31 

dUyovQ iv rd^si excov nqb avrov, rd dh noXv amw 
dvarevaQayfisvov sTioQSveto xal r&v IktXoDv rolg 
CTQarcihraig nolld i(p^ dfia^(bv rfyero xal vnoCvyicov. 
VIII. Kal ijdri t riv dfjicpl dyoQav nki^d-ovoav 
xal nlrjOiov ijv 6 OTa&/Ltdg evd-^ s/Ltells xarakvsiVf 
Tjvixa IJarriyvag dvriQ IleQarig ribv dfiq)l Kvqov 
jiKSTibv 7tQoq)aiv€Tai ikavvcov dvd x^drog Idgovm 
Tcp iTiTifp, xal eudvg ndOiv olg ivetvyx^vev i^oa 
xal ^aQ^aQixwg xal elXrivixwg Hri ^aoilsvg Ovv 
CTQaTSV/iaTi. noiKp nQoaeQ/etai d)g stg fidxtjv naQ^ 
eaxevaO/LLirog. evS-a dij Tiolvg zd^a^og iyiyveto' 
avxixa yaQ idoxovv ol "^'Eklrjvsg xal ndvreg dh dtdx^ 2 
Toig aq)iaiv enmsOelod'ai' KvQog re xaranridi^aag i^ 
dnb Tov aQfiarog rbv S-WQaxa hedv xal dva^dg 
sTil Tor Ynnov rd naked elg rag /^r^a^ ila^s, roig 
T dkXoig ndOi naQi^yyeXXsv e^onXiQeaS-ai xal xa&i" 
craa&at etg rriv eax/cov xd^iv sxaorov. ev&a dt] 4 
ovv nolkfj cnovdfi xa&LcravTo, KkeaQx^g f^Bv rd 
de^id excoy n^bg rip EixpQdrri nora/Lccb, IT^o^evog 
d' ixofievog, ot (f dlloi fierd Tovrov, Mevcor ds 
rb svdbvvfiov xsQag ea^B tov '^Elkrjvixov. rov ds 5 
JiaQ^aQixov tTmfjg /ihv IJaq)lay6v6g sig x^^^ovg naQa 
KKeaQX^^ BOrrjOav iv rip de^icp xal rb "^ Ekhrj^ixbr 
nekxaaTixov, h dh Tip sviDvv/Ltip ^AQialog t€ 6 Kijqov 
vTtaQXog xal rd dXko ^aQ^aQixoVy KvQog dh xal ol 6 
iTtnfjg TovTov Haov k^axooioi xard rb /uioov^ wnXia- 
fihoi S-iOQa^t /U6V avTol xal 7iaQafir]Qi3iocg xal XQd- 
veOL ndvTsg nhriv Kvqov KvQog dh xpihrp^ excov ttjv 
X€ipalT]v sig ttiv fidxr]v xa&iOTaTO. ol & hiTioi 7 



32 LIB. I. CAP. VIII. 

ndvTsg sixov xal TiQO/uevoDmdia xal TiQooreQvldio^" 
bI^ov dh xal juaxai^as ot innijg ' Ekkrp/i,xdg. 

8 Kal rjSrj t' ^v fisdov rifiBQag xal ovtkd xara- 
q)avBlg ijaav ol noiAfiior tj^lxa Sh deiXrj iyiyvero, 
ecpdvri xoviOQZog waneQ vecpikri Xevxri, ;f()dry de 
Ovxvcp vOtbqov wOtibq /LuXavia rig iv rep nedia) em 
nohj. bxB S" iyyvTBQov iyiyvovro, x&xa dij xal 
Xahcog rig rjtTTQaTZTB xal at loyx^^ ^«* «^ rd^Big 

9 xaTaq)avBlg iylyvovro. xal rjOav mnfjg /lcbv Xbvxo-- 
&WQaxBg em xov Bvoonj/aov ribv 7iokBfii(ov' Tioaa- 
q)BQvrig ikiyBTO tovtwv ccqx^'^^* bxo/ubvoi dk ^bqqo- 
(poQoi, 6x6/LiBVOi (f OTiUrai avv nodrjQBOi ^vUvaig 
aonioiv, Aiyvnrioi S* ovroi il^ovro slvai' clXkoi 
(f iTiTifjgf cllkoi To^orai. ndvTBg & ovroi xara b&vti 
h 7ilaiol(p nhfiQBi dv&Qibnoyv exaoxav to BS^og ino^ 

10 QBVovTo. TiQO (f avTwv aQfiara dialBmowa avxvbv 
an dkkriX(X)v, xd dr\ dqejiav7\(p6qa xa'kovfjieva* bLxov 
dh rd dQBTtava ix tojv d^ovcov Big nkdycov dnoreTa-- 
fiira xal vnb rolg diq)Qoig Big yfiv ^XeJiovxay wg 
diaxonxBiv atip evrvyx^'^^^^' V ^^ yvcb/Lcrj ^v wg 
Big rag rd^Big xwv "^Ekkrivcov ikwvra xal diaxoipovra. 

11 fiBVTOi KvQog BiTiBVf OTB xaleOag naQBXBkeveto Toig 
^'EHrjOi TTjr XQavyijv t&v ^aQ^dQwv dvixBOd-ai, 
hpBva&ri Tovro' ov yaQ XQavyfl dlXd aiyfi wg 
dvvOrdv xal rjavxfj ^ '^^V ^^^ ^Qadiwg TXQoafiaav, 

12 Kal Bv rovrw KvQog naQBkavvwv avrbg Ovv 

UiyQTlTl Tip BQ/LCTjVBl Xal Cckkoig TQlOlv 7] ThTa^Ol 

T(p KkBdQXV ^P^^ ayBiv to OTQdTBVfjia xaTa fiBOov 
Td Twv nokBfiiwVy oti bxbi ^aOikBvg bitj' xav tovt. 



LIB. I. CAP. VIII. 33 

eq)!], rixwfisv, 7i<xv&* rj[MV TiBnoirjftai. OQcbv (f 6 13 
KlsaQX^S TO fieOov Orlcpos xal dxovov Kvqov l?a> 
(ivra Tov svovv/lcov ^aOiXia — xooovrov ya^ tiXtj- 
i^Bv TisQiTjv ^aoiksvSf ojOtb fMBOov Twv savTov B^oyv 

TOV KVQOV BVCOVVjUOV B^O) '^V — dXV HflCOS 6 

KXiaQx^g ovx ^S^bIbv dnoondoai dnb rov Ttorafiov 
TO dB^ibv XBQag, cpo^ovfiBvog /Lit] xyxXajO-Bir] Bxari-- 
QoS-BV, T(p dh KvQ(p djiBX^ivaxo oti avrtp /iBlrjaBi 
onoog xakwg bxoi. xal h rovro) tw xaiQcp rb fihv 14 
/iaQ^aQixbv axQdrBVfia d/Ltakdjg n^ofiBi, rb (f ^Ellrj- 
vixbv eri bv r^ avrip jubvov OvvBrdTTBto ix rcbv 
B7im<XQi6vT(jov. xal S KvQog naQBlavvcov ov ndvv 
TiQbg avTW rip (JTQaTBV/LLari xarBd-Bdro ixarBQayo" 
dno^kBTioov Big tb rovg noXB/iiovg xal rovg q)iXovg. 
Idibv (f avxbv dnb rov '^Eklrjvixov ZBVoq)ibv ^ASi^- 15 
valog, TtBkdaag wg (JvvavrfjOaif rJQ^o bY tl naQay- 
yBilor 6 (f Bmarriaag bItib xal MyBiv bxbXbvb ndaiv 
on xal xd tBQa xakd xal xd Ocpdyia xald. xavxa I6 
dh liycov S-OQVpov ijxovOB did xwv xd^BWv iovxog, 
xal iJQBXo xig 6 S-dQv^og bitj. 6 (f bItibv oxi Ovv^ 
d^fia naqB^x^ai xb dBVXBQOv rjdtj. xal og iS-av^ 
juaOB xlg naqayyBk'kBt xal rJQero 3 xi bit] xb avv- 
S-Tjfia. 6 (f dTiBXQivaxo' Zisvg acoxrjQ xal vixt]. on 
dh KvQog dxoiJOag l^lXd dB/o/Lcai xb, Bq)ri, xal xovxo 
bOxo). xavxa cJ' bItiwv Big xtjv avxov /WQav dTirj- 
kavvB. 

Kal ovxBTi XQia rj xhxa^a axddia diBi^^T^ 
xd) q)dXaYYB dn d)lrjXoiVy 7\vix htaidviC,6v B^ 01 
"^'EXkrp/Bg xal rJQxovxo dvxioi Uvai xolg nolB/Liioig. 

Xenophontis Anabasis. 3 



34 LIB. I. CAP. VIII. 

18 c&^ dk noQBVOfiivcDv i^exvjuaivi ri r^g q)dkay'/ogy 
tA vnoXemofievov ^q^oto d^ofup S-eiv* xod &fi iq)- 
S-fySavTo ndvreg olov r(p ^EvvaXiip kXakiQovOiy xcd 

19 ndrteg (f e&eov. tiqIv dh ro^evfia i^ixvda&ai, ky- 
xUvovaiv oi ^Aq^aQoi xal q)€vyovOi. xal evrav&a 
di] idioDXov /ii€v xorta XQOTog ol ""Ekkrp^egy i^oary (f 

20 dkkrilotg fii] S-slv dQo/iaf, a}X h ra^ei sneoS-ou. ra 
& OQ/uara i^sQeto ra uhr di airtdry xdrv noXafumVy 
ra dh xal dta twv '^Ekk'^rary xeva rp^i6x(ov. ol & 
inel TiQotdoieVf duOTavro^ eori cf iknig xcd xars^ 
hfiq>97i ShSjI^ kv InTtodQOfjLW exTtXayeig' xal ovdkv 
fiivTOi oifdk Tovrov nad-Hv eq>aOar, ov& akkog dh 
Twv ^EkkTjrcDy iy xavrr] rfj fidxTI ^^x&sr ovdslg oi»- 
deTf TtXi^y ml rw evcorvum To^et*Sijvai ng ekiyeto. 

21 KvQog <f opwy rovg ^'EiJa]vag yiXibrtag rd 
xaS^ aiTovg xou dicbxoyrag^ r^dou^yog xai tiqoOxv- 
rovfieyog cbg d^ (iaalevg inb rdry duq>' avroy, ov3* 
6)g i§fjX^ dicbxeiy, d)ld av^'fOneiQauhnjy e^foy 
Tr^y rary avy iavr^ iiaxoaiwv tutiwy Tci^ty erf- 
udLSiTO S Ti TimriaH ^aoikevg. xai yog fjdu ai^roj' 

22 Sn u^oiy exoi to tov UsQaiXov (TTQareviiaTog, xai 
Tiamg & oi rwy ^agfioQwy «p/orrf^ uiooy ^orrtg 
TO avTOfy r^yovKtat, youiZot-reg oVroa xal h' dag^a-- 
iBardrq) etyat, rpf /] jj icxvg avriby hcarigm&tyj 
xai H TI :ifXQa^'yeilai X9!h^^* rjiiaes or X9^^V 

2$ aio&dyfoStu to OTQaTeiua. xai ^aOilevg d^ TOTe 
TO uiaoy l/cor rf^g avrov arQandg Sumg egto eyi- 
rero tov Kvgov iitoyvuov xegarog. ead (f oi'dag 
aiT(p eudx^io ix tov ctiTioi- oidi Toig avTov Teroy- 



LIB. I. CAP. VIII. 35 

[jih^oig BfiTiQooO'SVf inixa/Lcmev <bg etg xvxkcoOiv. 
ivS-a drj KvQog, ddoag /lct] ojiiaS-sv ysvofisvog xara^ 24 
x6\pii tA ^Eklrjvixov, ilatjrei dvriog' xai i/it^aXayv 
<Jvv TOig i^axoolocg vixa xovg nqb ^aoiliayg reiay- 
fieyovg xal Big q)V'yriv ezQeipe xovg e^ccxiCx^Uovg, xai 
dnoxTslvai liyerai avrog rfj iavrov x^^9^ ^Aqra- 
yBQOrp^ Tov oIqxovt avrwr. (bg & ri TQonii sysvetOy 26 
diaanBiQovrai xal oi Kvqov i^axoOioi elg to di(bxBiv 
oQfirjaarTBg, nXriv naw dUyoi dfA,(f airtov xarB- 
lBiq)&riCaVy OxBdov oi ofjiorcQATi^oi xakov/uvoi. ovv 26 
TovToig d* lor xaS-OQa ^aOiXm xal rb dfiq)^ bxbXvov 
OTiq)og' xal BvSi)g oix tivbOx^o, dlX bItiwv *^Tdv 
avdo* 6q(d Veto in airov xal nam xard tb oriQvov 
xal TiTQwaxBi did TOV S-ibqaxogy &g q)T]ai KTrjoiag S 
laxQogf xal IdoaaS-ai avrbg rb xqavfjid q)7i(Ji. nai-- 27 
ovxa (f airtov dxovriC^Bi rig naXzip vnb xbv dq)&al^ 
fibv ^laiwg' xal Brravd-a /laxofiBvoi xal ^aaikBvg 
xal KvQog xal at dfjhcp avrovg wibq ixarBQOv, ond- 
coi fiBv T(bv dfjicpl ^aoikia dnB&vfiOxov KTrjOiag 
X&yBi' naQi" ixBivcp yap '^v KvQog dh avrdg r dni- 
d-avB xal dxTOD oi cIqiOtoi tcov nBQl avrbv bxbivto 
in avTcp. ^QTandrrig (f 6 niOroTarog avrcp r(bv 28 
{JXTpiTovxcor Xiyevai, inBidij nBnroiX&ta bISb Kvqov, 
xaranridriaag dnb rov innov nsQinsOBiv avrw. xal 29 
ol fiBv q)aai ^aoikia XBlBvaai riva iniC(pd^ai avrbv 
KvQ(p, ol & avrbv kiiiCq)d^a6&ai anaod/LCBvov rbv 
dxivdxrp^' bIxb yaQ ;fpi;(;ow* xal OTQBmbv & iq)6-' 
QBi xal yjsha xal rdiX wOnBQ ol dqioroi UbqOwv' 
iTBTi/irjTo yaQ vnb Kvqov di Bvvoidv tb xal niororrfca. 

3* 



36 LIB. I. CAP. IX. 

• 

IX. KvQog /Ltev ovv ovrwg tceXevxriciev, dvijQ a>r 
UeQOajv rwv fiera Kvqov rbv olqx^^^^ y^ofisvcjv 
^aOihxdbrardg re xal cIqx^^^ a^mrarog, (bg naQu 
ndvrojv o/Ltoloyelrai r(bv Kvqov Soxovvtcjv iv ticIqcc 

2 ysveaS-ai. tiqcotov fiev yap eri nalg vjv, 6V enaidev- 
STo xal Ovv rw dSsXcpib xal ovv rolg alXoig naiol, 

8 ndvTiov ndvra XQdxiOrog evofitQezo. ndvxeg yd^ ol 
Tcdv aQloroDV UeQawv naldsg ml xalg /SaaikicDg 
&VQaig naidevovzar evS-a noU.riv /uhv OwcpQoavvrp^ 
xara/Lcdd'Oi civ rig, alo^Qov (f ovSev ovt* dxovOat 

4 ovr idelv h'oxi. S-ewvrat (f ot naldeg xal ri/Lto)- 
fjLBvovg vnb ^aOiliwg rovg ^ekticrovg, xal dxovovCL 
xal alkovg dri/ial^o/Lcivovg' aiat' evS-vg naldeg ovxeg 

6 fiav&dvovOiv aQ}^€iv xe xal aQxead^ai. er&a KvQog 
atdrifioviaxaxog fiev tiqcoxov xcbv rjlixiCDXcbv edoxei 
slvai, Tolg xe TiQSO^irtiQoig xal xwv iavxov vnoda- 
eCxBQVJv fiailov Tiei&eOxhaiy hteixa da q)ilm7i6xaxog 
xal xolg iTtnoig aQiCxa x^QficO-ai' exQivov (f avxbv 
xal x(dv alg xbv ndla/uov aQywVy xo^ixfig xe xal dxov-- 
xloeiog, q)iXofia&eCxaxov elvai xal /uelexrjQoxaxov. 

6 enel de xfj rikvxi<f ejiQeTte, xal q)doSi]Q6xaxog tjv xal 
TiQbg xd S-rjQla fievxoi q)doxivSvv6xaxog. xal cIqxxov 
nort kii(peQOfih^r[y ovx exQeOev, dkld Cvfinecdjv 
xaxeandcs&r] dnb xov innovy xal xd /uev anaS-aVy 
&v xal xdg (bxaiXdg el^e, xilog de xaxaxave' xal 
xbv 7iQ(Lxov /uivxoi ^orj&rjcsavxa noilolg fiaxaQiOxbv 
hioirjaev. 

7 ^Ihel de xaxaTti/ucpthj vnb xov nax^bg caxgd-^ 
nrjg Avdiag re xal ^Qvyiag xfjg fieydlrig xal Kan-- 



LIB. I. CAP. IX. 37 

Jiadoxiag, OTQarriydg Sk xai navroov aitsdelxS^ olg 
xaSrjxsi aig Kaaxiolov Ttediov a&QoCQea&ai, nQdrrov 
/U6V iTzidsi^av avrdv 8ri tisqI TtkeicSzov noiolro, aX 
Tip axjv&olro xal ai rq) V7i6(Sxoit6 ri, fMidafi&g 
ipeddacS-ai. xal yccQ ovv anlaravov fiav avT(p at 8 
nokaig aniTQano/LLavaif aniaravov (f ol clvSgag' xal 
ai Tig noXi/LLiog ayivaro, anaioa/biavov K6qov anlorava 
fjLTidky av TiaQCL rag anovdag naS-alv. xoiyaQOVv 9 
kial Ti(Saaq)aQvai knoXafiriaa, ndaai at ndXaig axovdai 
KvQov aiXovTo avtl TiOOacpaQvovg nhrp^ Mikricslojv* 
ovToi (f , 8ti ovx rjS-aXa zovg q)avyovrag nQoaaS-ai, 
aq>o^ovvTo avrdv. xal yaQ ^Qy(p anadalxwro xal lo 
alayav Hxi ovx civ norta TtQoolro, anal ana^ q>llog 
avTolg ayaveto, oid* al hi fih fialovg yhoivrOy ari 
da xdxiov TCQa^aiav. 

^ava^dg (f "^ xal ai rig ri dya&bv fl xaxbv ii 
noiTjOaiav avrov, vixdv naiQW/u^avog' xal ei>/iiv di 
rivag avrov a§aq)aQOv, (bg av/oiro roOovrov X9^^^^ 
^fjv, Mara vixwri xal rovg av xal rovg xaxCbg noi^ 
ovvrag dla§6/Ltarog. xal ydtQ ovv TilaiOroi dri avrcp 12 
ari y dvdql r(bv a(f 7\fi(bv biaS^fi/r\(iav xal XQ'^f^<xra 
xal Tiokaig xal ra aavrdtv (Sdjfiara nqoad&ai. ov 13 
fih di] ovdh rovr civ rig ainoi (bg rovg xaxovqyovg 
xal adixovg aia xarayaldv, dila acpaididrara navrwv 
arifMoqairo' Ttokkdxig (f "Sjv idaiv naQO. rag (Srai^o^ 
fiavag odovg xal nodibv xal x^f^Q^^ ^^l dcp&aX/ji&v 
OraQo/uavovg dvS-Qwnovg' cior av rfj Kvqov dqxv 
ayayeio xal *^'Eklrivi xal ^aq^dqip /Lcrjdav ddixovvri 
ddaujg noqaijaa&ai Hnri rig ijO-aXav, axovxi 8 ri tiqo- 



38 LIB. I. CAP. IX. 

i^/(OQolri. rovg ye /luvtoi dyad-ovg etg ndXe/Lcov w/llo- 
J^oyrfto diaq)€Q6rT(OQ rifiav. xal tiqwtov /nh^ rp^ 
avr(p noXtf^oQ n^bg UiOi^ag xal Mvaovg' OTQCcrvev- 
6/uvog ovv xal avrog dg xavxag rag x^Q^S ovg 
icoQa id-iXovrag xivdvvwsiv, xovrovg xal cIqx^^^^S 
knoiei fig xaxearQiq)^o x^Q^^f sneira da xal cliloig 

16 dibQoig hl/Lta' &(Tt€ q)aiv€(SO'ai rovg /ubv ayaS-ovg 
evdai/uoveOTdrovg, rovg dk xaxovg dovXovg rovroov 
d^iibv elvai. xoiyaQovv nokkij fjv acpS-ovla avT(b 
r(bv id-skdvTOJV xivSweueiVy Hnov rig oi'oiro Kvqov 

16 atcf&rjaead'ai. eig ye /lctjv dixaiodijvrp^ ei rig (pave-- 
Qog yhoiro inidelxwod'ai /^ovld/Lievog, tisqI navrbg 
kmoieiro rovrovg TtlovOKJorsQov ^lorweiv rdfv ex 

17 rov adixov q)dox€Qdovvrct}v. xal yccQ ovv alia re 
TioXka dixaimg avr(p diexeiQil^eto xal (frQarev/uari 
dlrjO-ivcp ixQ'J^Oaro. xal yd^ arQartjyol xal loxccyoi, 
01 /pTy^arwi^ ei^exa TtQog ixeivov enkevcav, eyvwcSav 
X€QSaX€(br€Qov alvai Kvqco xalcjg av/iTiQdrrsiv ij rb 

18 xard jLtfjva xeqdog, dild /Ltrjv ai rig ya ri avrip 
TiQOCfrd^avri xaXcbg VTitiQartjOaiav, ovdavl nibnor dxd-- 
Qiarov aiaaa rip/ UQO&vfiiav. roiyaqovv xgdrufroi 
dij VTirjQarai navrbg a^yov KvQcp aXix^<J<xv yav^aS-ai. 

19 at di riv bQiptj daivbv 8vra oixovo/liov ax rov (J^- 
xaiov xal xaraaxavdl^ovrd S-' fjg Uqxoi X^9^^ ^^^ 
7iQO(S6dovg noiovvra, ovdiv* civ ndynor dq)ailevOy 
dlX^ dal nXalo) nqocadidov" &cra xal '^dacog anovovv 
xal d-aQQaHiog ixrcbvro xal 8 ri nan^o rig rjxiara 
Kvqov axQvnrav" ov yaQ (pS-ovtov rolg q)avaQ(bg 
nXovrovdiv aq)oUvero, dlXd naiQih/iavog xQV^^^f^ ^^^^ 



LIB. I. CAP. IX. 39 

r(bv aTioxQVTiro/uevcov x^QrubiaCi. cplXovg ye firjv 3aovg 20 
jioiT^Oairo xal evvovg yvoiri ovxag xal Ixavovg XQiveie 
(SvvBQyovg eivai 8 ri vvj^xdvoi ^ovko/Ltevog Kaxe^yd" 
^eod-ai, ofioloyelTai n^bg Ttavroov XQaxiCrog di] ya^ 
veod-ai S-BQaTiemiv. xal ya^ ainb zomo, o^ineQ 21 
avrdg evexa cpikcov ^ero delod^ai, (bg Ovve^yovg e/oi, 
xal avTog kieiQdro cvveQybg xolg q)iloig XQaxiCzog 
eirou rovTov Urov ala&avoL&^ sxaorov iniSnj/uovvra. 
dujQa dk TilelOxa fihv ol/uai elg y dvrjQ eldfi^avs 22 
did Ttokkd' xavra dk ndmov Si] fidhora roig (piXoig 
disdidoVy TiQbg rovg TQonovg ixdorov axoncbv xal 23 
8rov fidXtjOd-^ oQipri exaCxov deofim^ov, xal Haa to) 
0(b/iaTi avTov nifinoi ng rj &g elg noXefiov i] d)g 
xalXamiCfidvy xal tibqI tovtojv Xayeiv avrbv*€q)a(Jav 
bxL xb fjih savxov adt/ua ovx av dvvaixo xovxoig 
7id(Si xodfitiSrivaiy q)iXovg dk xalwg xexoGfirifihovg 
fieyioxov xoo/uov dvd^l vofiCQoi. xal xb /iky xd 24 
/isydXa vixdv xovg q)ikovg ev noiovvxa ovdep &av^ 
/iaax6vy kneidr] ye xal dvvaxdoxsQog riv xb dh xfj 
ent/Lukelif Tiegmvai x(bv (piXvjv xal xw TiQoSvfjLH-- 
ad-ai x^QiQsa&ai, xairr e/Lcoiye /LcdXlov doxel dyadxd 
eivai. KvQog ydg ene/une ^ixovg oivov tifjLideelg 25 
no)Jjkxigy bnoxe ndvv "^Svv Id^oiy kiycjv 8x1 oiino) 
di] TiokXov XQ^^^^ xovxov r]8iovL oivijo imxtjxoi' 
xovxov adv (Sol ensfiyje xal delxai dov xr]fieQov xov~ 
xov bcnulv airy olg fidUaxa q)ilelg. noildxig dh 26 
Xf]vag r]fjii^Q(inovg ene/iTte xal cIqxojv tj/Lciasa xal 
clXka xoiaijxa, imXiyetv xelevwv xbv g)iQOvxa' Tofj-- 
xoig ijadi] KvQog' ^ovXsxai ovv xal ah xovxcov ysv- 



40 LIB. I. CAP. IX. X. 

27 aao&ai. 8710V dk x^^^^ Ojidriog navv eii], avzog dh 
dvvaiTo 7iaQaax€vdoacf&ai> did rb noXkovg exBiv VTirj" 
Qhag xcd did rrjv ini/LLiXsiav, dianifi7io)v hceleve rovg 
g)ilovg rolg rd kavribv adb/iara ayovoiv ijuioig i/LL- 

28 ^dlleiv, d)g jLcij neivcbvreg roijg iavzov q)ilovg ciycoOiv 
ei dh dri noi noQsvoiro xai nlelaroi /Lickkoiev dyjeoS^ai, 
TiQoOxaXibv rovg q)ilovg ionovdaiolo'yeiro, wg drjloiri 
ovg riua. wcfx iyo) uev y i§ d)v dxovco ovdeva 
XQivct) VTib nXsiovwv n6q)ilfja9'ai ovS-^ "^Ekhfiviav ovre 

29 ^aQ^aQCDv. xaxfiriQiov da rovrov xai rode, na^d 
/Ltev KvQov dovkov ovrog ovdeig dnfjei TiQog ^aOi- 
)ia, Tilijv ^OQovrag enexd^TjOe' xai ovrog di] bv 
cpero niorbv 01 aivai, raxv avrbv rjVQe Kvqw cplX^ 
rcQov i] iavrw ' naqd dh /SaOiXecjg Ttokkol TtQog Kvqov 
djirjld-ov, BTiBidi] TToH/Ltioi dil^koig iyivovro, xai 
ovroi fievroi oi /Lcdhar avrov dyd/Lcsvoiy vojlliQov^ 
reg na^d Kuqw ovrsg dya&ol d^ioreQag dv ri/Ltrjg 

30 rvyxdvBLv i] na^d ^acSiXei. fiaya dh rexuriQiov xai 
rb iv rfj reXevrfj rov /3iov avrcp ysrouBrov, on xai 
avrbg ^v dya&bg xai x^iveiv o^S-wg idvvaro rovg 

31 Tiiarovg xai svrovg xai j^e^aiovg, dnoS^^oxovrog 
ydg avrov ndvreg ol nsQi avrbv q)ikoi xai avvr^d^ 
neQoi dneS-avov /Lcaxofisvoi TrXrjv l^Qiaiov ovrog dh 
retayfiivog hvyxavev kiti rw BVWvvfKp rov Ituiixov 
cIqx^^' ^S ^ fjoB-ero Kvqov nsnrcjxora , ecpvytv 
hxcov rb ar^drsviLta Tidv ov riyelro. 

X. ^Evrav&a di] Kvqov aTiore/uvezai rj xecpalr] 
xai ri x^^Q V de^id. ^aOiXevg dh did)X(ov eiojiinrei 
etg rb Kvqbiov (JrQaronBdov xai 01 /uhr /ut* ^Aqi-- 



LIB. I. CAP. X. 41 

aiov 0VX6TI I'dravzai, dkla q)6V'yov(Si dia rov avrebv 
CTQaromdov elg rov craS-fibv bvS-bv &Qfi7ivT0 • rcr- 
raQBQ d" iliyovTo naQaadyyai elvai rrjg oSov, /3aOi- 2 
Is'bg dk xal ol (Sijv avx<b xa x clUa noiXa diaq-- 
7iaX,ov(Siy xal xijv ^ojxatda Kvqov nallaxida xr]v 
aoq)7iv xal xalriv iByo/aivrfy slvai la/Lt^dvei. tj de s 
Milrjcsia Xricp&eloa vno xwv afi<j)l ^aOilia excpevysi 
yv/Lcvri TiQog xd xdfv "^EllrivcoVf di ervxov ev xoig 
axevocpoQoig onla exovxeg xal avxixaxS-ivxeg nolXoifg 
fiiv xcov ct^nal^ovxwv dnixxBLvaVy ol dh xal avxibv 
dned-avov* ov firp/ ecpvyov ys, dkkd xal xavxrp^ 
sOcDCfav xal xallay bnod ivxog avxcbv xal ;f()^^«ra 
xal civd-QioTioi iyirovxo, navx" edwoav, 

^Evxav&a diiaxov dllrjlcov /iaOiledg xb xal ol 4 
^'ElkrjVBg (bg XQidxovxa oxddia, ol fih diibxovxBg 
xovg xa&^ avxovgy ol & aQnd'CovxBg Ag ijdrj ndvxa 
vixwvxBg. btibI d* jjoS-orxo ol fiBV "^'Elkrp/Bg Hxi /?«- 5 
ailBvg (Jifv xw OXQaxBVfiaxi h xoig oxBVoq)6QOig Birj, 
^acsikevg (f ai) rjxovcSB TcaaacpBQvovg 6V* ol "^'Ekhf- 
vBg vtxwBv xb xad^ avxovg xal Big xd nQooS^BV oi- 
Xovxai Sid)xovxBg, Bv&a Srj j3aailBvg /ukv aS-QoD^^at 
xovg iavxov xal Ovvxdxxezai, 6 dh KXiaQXog i^ov^ 
iBveto ITq6§bvov xalBOag, nlrjaialxaxog yaQ rp^, el 
TiB/LtnoiBV xivag rj ndvxBg ioibv ml xb (JxQaxoTiBdov 
dQTi^ovxBg. Bv xo'dxw xal ^adik^g dfjlog f[v nQoO-- 6 
iwv Ttdhv (bg idoxBc otiksS-bv. xal ol fihv ""Ekkrp^Bg 
dXQacpBvxBg naQBOXBvdl^ovxo (bg xavxtj 7iQO(Si6vxog xal 
dB^ofjLBvoiy 6 dh xafhri fihv ovx ^yBVy fi dh naQfik- 
S-Bv B^ct) xov Bvcjvij/uov XBQaxog, xavxri xal djirj'' 



42 LIB. I. CAP. X. 

yoiyevy uvaixi^ibv xai Tovg iv rfj /ud/fl avrojuolri^ 

7 oavrag xal Tiaaaq)€Qvrp^ xal rovg avv aiirip, 6 
yccQ Ti(Joaq>€Qvr]g av rf] ncoibrri (Jvv6d(p ovx eq)vy€i% 
d)2a dirikaCB na^a tov nora/idv xara rovg ""EHrp/ag 
TielTaardg' dulavvcov dk xarixave /uv ovdiva, dia- 
Oxavreg d* ol '^'EHriveg ejiaiov xal rpiovriZov airtovg* 
^EniaS-ivrjg (f 6 'A/uq>mokiT7jg -^qx^ '^^^ 7i€).raaT(bv 

8 xal iiJyero q)Q6vijLiog j^erioS-ai, 6 (f ovv Tioaa- 
(pi^vrig (bg fulov excor djirjUMyt], nahv /Lckv ovx 
avaCxQBq)Bi, atg dh xb OxQaTOTiedov acpvxofievog to 
T(bv ^Ekki^ywv ix€i avvrvyxavei ^aai'ksi, xal o/uov 

9 dr] ndhv avvra^afMBvoi ijioQevvovro, end rf* '^Oav 
xarxd to svibvvfiov twv '^ED.rivoyv XBQag, edeioav ol 
^^'Ekkrjyeg /llt] TtQOOdyouv TtQog to xiqag xal tisqijitv- 
§avT€g afjupoTtQUiO-BV airtovg xaraxoyjsiav' xal erfd- 
X6i avToig dvanttvaasiv to xi^ag xal non^aaad-ai 
OTiia&ey Tov noTafjLov. 

10 ^Ev ^ dh TavT i^ovkevovTOy xal drj ^acSikebg 
aapa/LUiipdfievog elg t6 avTo oxfj/tia xariOTrfiey dv- 
Tiav Trpf g)d)Myyaf wOtisq to TXQGnov fiaxov/ievog 
awfiBi. (bg (f sidov ol *^'EkXrp^eg iyyvg t ovTag 
xal TiaQaTSTay/bUyovg, avfhg naiavlaarTsg biffiav 

11 no'ki) evi TiQoO-v/LiOTeQOv }} to nQocS-ey. ol S* av 
^aQ^aQOi oifx idexovTO, dXk^ ix 7t)Morog i] to tkqo^ 
ad-ev eq)Bvyov' ol d* kxBditoxor ubxqi- X(i)fif]g Tivog' 

12 iyzavS-a rf* BcnrjOav ol "£?J.?;rfp* vtibq ydg Ttjg xdh- 
jur^g yri).o(fog riv, iq)* oh avBOr^dcpifiav ol dfjLCpl 
^aaOAa, naZol /ihy ovxhiy tcov rf* i:i.iBcor 6 l6q)og 
BVBn).ria&7i, wOTB TO xivovuBvov yiyvibdXHv xal 



LIB. I. CAP. X. 43 

TO (3aail€iov Otj/luIov oqclv etfaOav alezov riva XQ^~ 
(Sovv €711 Tislxfi dvarsra/Ltevov. kxel dh xavtav&^ is 
iXCOQOtJV 01 "^'Eklrp/BQ, XainovOt di] xal rdv X6q>ov ot 
binfis' ov firiv eri a&Qooi alX alkoi akkod-sv' eipi- 
lovro (f 6 k6q)og rdtv Inniwr' rilog dk xal Tidvrsg 
djisxiOQTjOav. 6 ovv KliaQX^S ovx avs/Sl/ial^ev knl 14 
Tov XdcpoVy a}X iyri avxbv axricag rd oxQ&r^fia 
nsfiTiBi Avxiov rdv JJvQaxoOiov xal dlkov enl rdv 
kdcpov xal xekevBi xaridovrag rd vtibq rov kdcpov 
XL iariv dnayy^lkai, xal 6 A'dxiog rjlaOe re xal 16 
iSwv dTcayyilksL on cpBvyovOiv dvd xqdrog. ax^Sdv 
d* 6't€ ravr ^^v, xal rjXiog idvsro. 

^Evrav&a (f edrricsav ot "^'EkXtp^eg xal d-i/Lcevoi 16 
rd i)7ika dvsnavovro' xal clfia /uhv aS-a^fio^ov on 
ovda/Lcov KvQog cpaivoiro oiS* dkXog dn avrov o^- 
dtig TiaQeltj' ov yaQ fjSecSav avrov rs&vrixora, diX 
fjxal^ov rj diibxovr oix^oS^ai r/ xarakrjtpo/uevov ri 
TiQoekrjkaxevai' xal avrol i/^ovlsvovro, el avrov fiei- i7 
vavrsg ra Ox€voq)6Qa hravS"^ dyoivro ri dnloisv kil 
rd (JrQaroTisdov. sdo^ev avroTg dniBvai' xal dcpv- 
xvovvrai dfMpl doQTtrjcsrov enl rag axtjvdg. ravrrjg i8 
/LL€V rfjg tifiiqag rovro rd rskog iyersro. xarakain- 
j3dvov(Ji dh rCbv r diJ^iov XQVI^^'^^^ ^^ nkelora 
diriQTiaOfieva xal ei ri Oiriov rj nordv rp^y xal rag 
dfid^ag fiscrdg dksvQWv xal oivov, ag naQeOxsvdoaro 
KvQogy IV ei nors aq)6dQa rd ar^drevfia kd^ot rwv 
imrrideliov evdeia, diadiSolrj rolg "^'EkkrjCSiv — ^aav 
(f avrai revQaxoOiai afia^ai — xal ravrag rore 
ol avv ^aoiksl dirjQJiaOav ciar ddsmvoi tjOav ol i9 



44 LIB. 1. CAP. X. - JJB. II. CAP. I. 

TrleiOTOi T(bv ^EDJivwv ^aav d's xal ava^KSror tiqIv 
yaQ dij Ttaralvcai ro (Sr^axevfjia TiQog cIqkJtov, ^aai- 
ksvg iqxivrj. ravrriv /Ltev ovv ttjv vij^d-^ ovrw di- 
eyivovTO. 

B. 

2 I. "^^A/ua ^6 rfi TjueQcc OvvelS-drreg ot cfrgarriyol 
iS-aii/LtaCov on KvQog oiir alXov nsfjiTioL Crifiavovvra 
o,Ti XQV '^oiBiv oiir avrbg q)aivoito. edo^ev oiv 
avTolg (Jv(JX€vaOafi€yoig ot el/^ov xal i^oTthOa/Lcsvoig 

3 7iQ0i€vai elg ro nQooB-ev^ eojg Kvqw Ov/ufii^siav. ijdrj 
d'' 6V OQ/Lcfj dvTcov ccfi ^^11(0 avexovri '^X&e rfQoxXfjg 
6 Tsvd-Qavlag cIq/wv, yeyovtbg ojib Jafia^axov xov 
ytdxcjvog, Ttal D.ovg 6 TajLto). ovroi ekayov on 
KvQog fM€v te&vriXBv, ^AQLoiog dh 7i€q)evya)g ev rip 
(Sra&fjLib eiTj /uera rtbv aUs.mv /SaQ/SaQCov, oS^sv rfj 
TCQorsQala &Q/LirjvrOf xal leyoi on ravrrjv fiev rriv 
rifjiSQav TtsQifisyolri avrovg, el fjuelloi^ ijxsiv, rfj 

4 (f cllXfi dnisvai in ^Icoviag. rapr dxo^aavrsg ol 
(SrQarrjyol xal ot aiJkoi '''Eklrivsg nvvS-avd/uevoi /?«- 
Qicjg 6q)€Qov. KkeaQ/^og da r&S" aiTiav" ^AiX ^cpaXa 
/LLBV KvQog l^rjv anal Sk reraXaihrixav, djtayyiXker 
^Aqiaico 8n rjualg vixw/u^av re /^aOilia xal (bg dgare 



B. I. 1. ^Qg iiBv oiv ij^Qoiad^ J^^Q(p '^b "^ElXrjnytdv, 
St8 iftl rdv ddaXq)dv l^QTa^eg^rjv iaxQareierOj wxt 8aa 
iv Tfj dv6d(fi iTtqdxd^ Y,al wg ij iidxTj iyavero ycai &g 
KvQog iTeXevTfjae y,al (bg iTtl rd axQardTtedov iXd-dweg 
ol ^^'EXXvjvag iy.OLixrjdTjaav oldiiBvoi xa navxa vvmv nuxl 
KvQOv ^7jv, iv r(J> TtQdad^av Xoyco dedijkwxai. 



LIB. II. CAP. I. 45 

ovdelg eri rifuv fiax^ai, ^ccl d fii] v/lcsTq ijk&sTS, 
inoQevo/ied-^ civ kml j^aailea. iTiayyelkd/LceS-a (f ^^qi^ 
aicp, eav h&ad' ilSjj, eig rdv &q6vov tov (Saoikeiov 

cIqx^'^^ fiOTr/. ravT elncbv dnoaxilkei rovg ayyelovg 5 
Tial cbv avToig XeiQiaocpov rbv AAxojva xai Me- 
vwva rbv O^Takov* xal yccQ avrbg Mbpcjv i^ov- 
Xevo' ^ ycLQ q)ikog xal ^ivog ^A^iaiov. 

01 /ikv (p^ovTOy KkaaQXog cJe neQiifieve' xb dh 6 
cxQaxBVfjia inoQiC^To (Slxov, onwg idvvaxo, ix rcbv vtkh 
l^vyicDv xdnxovxeg xovg ^ovg xal ovovg ' ^loig S" ixQcov-- 
xo fiiXQbv TiQOiovxsg ov ri f^dxi] iyivero xolg r' oiaxolg 
nokkolg ovoiv, ovg rivdyxa^ov ol ""Ekhfp^eg ix^dXksiv 
rovg avrojLtokovvrag TiaQa ^aOikicog, xal rolg yaQQaig 
xal ralg dcnlci raig ^vlivaig. noXkal ds xal niXrai 
xal afJLa^ai ^aav (piQecsd-ai i^rj/Lcoi ovcar olg ndoi 
XQO)fievoi XQia hfjovreg rjaS^iov exeivijy rip/ rifiiqav, 

Kal ijdr] r ijv tibqI nlrjif-ovOav dyoQav xal Ip- 7 
Xovrai TiaQOL j^aOilicjg xal TiO(Jaq)€Qvovg xrj^vxeg ol 
fiey cllkoi ^dQ^agoiy rjv 3" avrcbv ^aUvog alg xig 
"^'Eilrp/y 8g hvyx^'^^ naQa TiCdaifBQVBi wv xal ev- 
xifMog 6X(ov' xal yccQ nQotJenouiro kniOxrifioiv elvai 
x(bv dfiq>l xd^eig xb xal onXofiaxiav. ovxoi dh nQoO- 8 
BXS^dvxBg xal xaXioavxBg rovg x(bv ^Ekk'^cov Hqx^^- 
xag Hyovoiv bxi ^aOiXevg xbIbvbi xovg "^'Elkrivag, 
btibI vixwv xvyxdvBi xal Kvqov dnixrvovB, naQa- 
dovxag xd HnXa lovxag inl . xdg ^aoikiwg Sv^ag 
BVQiaxBaS-ai av xi dvvmvxai dyaO'dv. xavxa fjuv d 
bItiov ol l^aailBiog x^QVXBg' ol d' "EklrjVBg ^aQBCog 



■w -" 



46 LIB. II. CAP. I 

/jtev rjxovcsav, 8/Li(og Ss KkiaQx^S rocfotfrov sljiev (hi 
ov T(bv vixwvTCJv €171 TO, OTiXa TiaQaSidovai' dlk\ 
€q>ri, Vfiels fihy & avdQeg OTQaTTjyoi, rovroig dnch- 

TtQlVaiSd'^ S Tl TiaXklGTOV T€ XOl cIqiOTOV f/fTfi' €^0) 

(f avrlxa rj^w. ixdkeoe y&Q rig avxbv rwv VTirj- 
Q^wv, Hnog Xdoi rd tsQa i^QTj/Lceva' ervxs yccQ 
&v6fjiBvog. 

10 ^'EvS-a dt] dnsxQlvaro KkedvoQ 6 ^A^xdg tiqS" 
. (S^vrarog wv 8ri nQOod-av dv dnod-dvoiev i] rd onka 

naQadoIsv' HQo^evog (f 6 Orj/^alog, L^AA' i'ydj, €q)r]y 
w <PaXIvey S-avjj.oQoy norsQ* d)g xqaxCbv ^aOiXebg 
ahel rd HnXa i] d)g Sid cpikiav, el /lev ydQ (bg 
XQazwv, ri dsi avrbv aheiv xai ov la^siv lA- 
S-dvxa; el de neidag /Sovlerai Xa/^eiv, leyerw ri 
eOrai roig OrQari(braig , edv avrip ravxa X^Q^" 

11 ocDvrai. TiQog ravra <PaXivog eine' BaOikei^g vixdv 
fiyelxaiy enei Kvqov dnexxove. xig y^Q avrd) exi 
rTjg dQXVS dvriTioieixai; vofiiQei de xai v/btdg eavrov 
elvai, excov ev /lcbOt] rfj eatrxov X^QV ^^^ nora/Lubv 
evrbg ddia^dxiDv xai TilfjO-og dvS-QWTKJOv iq)^ Vfidg 
dvvdfievog dyayelv, 8oov ovd* el naQexoiev vfiiv dv-- 

12 vaiod-^ dv dnoxzeivai. /uerd rovrov Qeonofinog Idd-rj- 
valog elnev' ^i2 ^aXive, vvv, d)g av oQ^g, rifilv ov-- 
dhv eOTiv dya&bv diX fi ojiXa xai dQexr]. Snla 
/Lcev ovv exovxeg oldfieS^^ av xai rfj dQBtfi /p^C^-at, 
TiaQadovreg (f dv ravra xai rwv Oco/Lcdxeov axeQtjS^^ 
vai. /Lcrj oiv oiov ra jLcova dyad^d rifiiv 6v&^ rifiag 
vuiv TiaQadwOeiv, dXld Ovv rovroig xai ne^l rwv 

13 v/iereQCDv dya&(bv fxaxoiJfied'a. dxoijcJag de xav&^ 



LIB. II. CAP. I. 4? 

6 ^aklvog eyekaoe Ttal sinsv" ^AlXa q)i}.oa6q)(p /uev 
h'oixaQy & veaviaxe, xal kiyeig ovx a^oiQi'TOL' tcfS-c 
fjuhrtoi avdrpcoQ a)v, d oYbi rrp/ v/ietiQav dQerrjv 
TieQiyeviod-ai civ rfjg /^aoikiayg dwafiaog. cillovg u 
di Tivag h'cpaOav Xiysiv dno/Lcakaxi^o/Luvovg, (bg xal 
KvQip TiKSTol iyevovTo xal ^aCilel av nolkov c(§ioi 
yevoivroy si ^ovXoiro epilog y^scS-ar xal bXt alio 
Ti eO'eloL XQV^^^^ ^^^' ^^' Aiyvmov OTQareveiv, avy- 
xaraOTQhpairr av avrcp. 

'Ev Tovrcp KlsaQX^S ^xs, xal i^Qchrrjaev el rjdr] is 
dnoxBXQL/uevoL elev. ^allvog & vnola^wv elnevy 
Our 01 fievy & KXiaQ/e, lalovdiv allog alia leyiov 
av (f rjiLiiv shii xl Hysig. 6 (f eJnev, ^Eyd) as, & i6 
<Pallv€, aa/Lcevog iwQaxa, olfiai da xal ol allot nav- 
reg' av re yaQ ^'EUrp^ el xal nuslg rocovroi ovreg, 
oaovg av OQag' iv roioijrotg (f ovreg TiQayfiaai av/Lc- 
^ovlevofie&d aoi ri XQV ^oielv tibqI &v leyeig. av ii 
ovv nqbg S-ecbv ov/Lcl^oijlevaov rifilv 8 ri aoL doxel 
xdlharov xal aQiarov elvai, xal 8 aoi ri/Lcrjv oiaei 
elg rbv eneira XQ^^^^ leyof^evov, Sri ^allvog nore 
nefi(p&elg naqd /Saailiiog xelevoiov rovg "^'Ellrp/ag 
rd 8nla na^adovvai av/a^ovlevo/uivoig avve/Sovlevaev 
avrolg rdde. olaS-a (f on dvdyxrj leyeod-ai ev rfj 
"^Ellddi a &v av/Lc/Sovlevarig. 6 de KleaQXog ra^rjj 18 
VTi'^yero j^ovld/uevog xal avrbv rbv nagd ^aailecog 
TiQea^evoyra av/Lt^ovlevaai fiij naQaSovvai rd bnla, 
87io)g evekfiideg fiaXlov dev ot '^'Ellrp^eg. <PalIvog 
<?' vnoarQBipag Tia^d rriv do^av avrov elnev' ^Eyd), 19 
el jLLBv rOjv /LLVQicDv ekiidcDv uia rig vfiiv iari aa)- 



i 



48 LIB. II. CAP. I. II. 

di]vai noke/uovvxag ^aoiltly av/u/3cLl6ua) fii] naQa- 
didovai xa onka' d 3e rot /Lt7]d'6fila acjtrjQiag iorlr 
iknig clxovTog (3aOi)J(ogy Ov/Lc^ovkevco ocoQea&ai VfjCiv 

20 onY[ duvarov. KXiaQx^S <J« Tigbg xavra elnev' ^Akixc 
ravxa fihv drj Ov Hyeig' na^ rijuibv & an&yyelle 
Tad\ on ri/LceIg oi6/Lt£&a, el fiev deoi /iacfilel (pilovg 
eirai, Tikeiovog otv a^ioi elvai q)iloi exovreg xa OTzla 
7] TtaQaSdvreg akk(p^ el dh dioi noksfMlVy afisivov 

21 av nolefialv t^ovreg xa oiika rj naQadovxeg. 6 da 
^dklvog elne' Tavxa jLtkv di] oJiayyalovfiev* dXXa 
xal X&& vfuv einelv exekevos ^aOilevg, oxi /uevovoi 
/LL6V Vfuv avxov Gnovdai elev, TiQo'CovOi dh xai 
(XTiiovOi 7i6l€/Ltog. iinax^ ovv xal tisqI xovxov, no- 
TBQa fievelxB xal (Snovdai eldiv ij (bg Jioli/uov ovrog 

22 TiaQ^ Vfi(bv aTiayyekib. KkeaQ^og ^ ele^ev* Andy- 
yells xolvvv xal tibqI xovxov, bxi xal rj/Ltlv xavxa 
doxel clnsQ xal (iaoiXel. Ti ovv xavt" ioxlv; eq)rj 
6 <Palivog. dnexQivaxo KkiaQX^S' ^Hv fiev jusvoD/Ltev, 

23 Onovdaiy dniovoi ds xal tiqoiovOl nols/iog. 6 de 
ndXiv i^QcbxTjOe' Snovddg ij nols/uov dnayyeKb; lOJ- 
aQX^S Ss xavxa ndhv dnexQivaxo' l^novdal fihv 
fievovoiv, dniovCi dh xal TtQoiovai noke/Lcog. 3 xl 
dk TioLTjOoi, ov dieCtifirp^B. 

II. ^aXivog fihv drj (^i/fTO xal ol ovv avxw. 
ot de TiaQ ^Qiaiov Jjxov, UQoxlijg xal XeiQi-- 
iSocpog* Miviov (f avxov e/uevev. ovxoi (J' hlsyov 
8x1 7tokloi)g (pairi ^AQiaiog elvai lU^Oag eavxov /icl- 
xiovg, ovg ovx av dvaCx^O&ai avxov ^aOilevovxog'^ 
diX. el /iovlea&e avvanievai, rjxeiv rjdri xelevei xfjg 



LIB. 11. CAP. II. 49 

vvxTog, el Se fjurj, avQiov ttqw dnievai q)rjaiv. 6 Sk 2 
KkeaQ^og eiTiev' ^AiX ovro) XQV ^oielv iav usr 
rjx(i)/LieVf ajonsQ kiyeie' si de /utj, n^dTTsd-^ onolov 
civ XI vfiiv oirja&€ /Mxhora Ov/McpaQSiv, 6 ri de 
TioiTjOoi ovSs Tovroig aina. fjuhTo. xavx ijSrj rjkiov 3 
Stjvovrog Cvyxaleoag rovg ax^axriyovg xal loxctyovg 
eXs^s TOtdSe. ^Ejnoiy c5 civdQeg, &vofiBV(jp thai knl 
PadLiAa ovx iylyveto xa tcQa. xal elxoxwg cIq* ovz 
iyiyvexo' d)g ydg iyo) vvv Tivv&dvo/uai, ev /ueocp 
rifji(bv xal ^aodecog 6 TlyQtjg noxafiog eoxi vavoi- 
TtoQog, or ovx dv dwai/Lcsd-' avev nloicov dia^fjvar 
nkola S' rifzelg ovx exo/uev. ov fihv di] avxov ye 
fieveiv olov xs' xd yaQ eTuxrjdeia ovx eOxiv exeiv 
ievai Se na^d xotg Kvqov cpilovg Tidvv xald rifuv 
xd leQd 7iv, d)Se ovv XQV ^oielv dniovxag demvelv 4 

XI xig e^et' eneiddv de arj/Lcrjvrj xcp xeQaxi (bg dva-- 
TiaveoS-ai, OvoxevaQeO&e' kmeiddv de xb devxeQov, 
dvaxi&eo&* enl xd vnol^vyia' til Se x(p xqixm 
eneoO-e xw riyovfih^io, xd fjuev vno'Qvyia e/ovxeg n^bg 
xov Tioxa/uov, xd (f Snla e^co. xai/t dxoijciavxeg 5 

01 OxQaxTjyol xal loxccyol dnfjX&ov xal enolovv ovxw. 
xal xb lombv 6 fiev tjqx^^ o/ 3" enei&ovxOy ovx 
eXofievoi, dtX oQWvxeg 3xi fidvog eq)Q6vei oia del 
xov ap;forra, ol (f aXloi aneiQoi rjOav, 

6 ^Aqid'^og Trig 66 ov tjv f/kd'Ov i^ ^Eipeaov r^g ^Iw- 
vlag iie%Qt v^g l^ax'^jg orad-f.iol TQeig y,ai ivsvrp^ovxa, Tcaqa- 
odyyai nevre yuxt XQia%ovza x«t nevTay.daioi, ar&dioi nevrrj- 
Y,owa xal k^ayLiG%iXiot 'mxI (xvqloi ' &7td de r^g iia^r^g He- 
yovTO sivat eig Ba^vl6Jva axcLdioi i^rj^ovra y.al ZQiandaior . 

Xenophontis Anabasis. 4 



50 LIB. II. CAP. II. 

^EvrevS-^ enel axorog iyevero, MiXroxvSi]g /luv 
6 0Qa^ 6/(i)v Tovg d-^ Inmag xovg jLceif-^ iatrvov etg 
rerraQcixovTa xai rwv ns^wv ©Q(fX(bv (bg tqioxo^ 

7 aiovg 7j[in:ofi6h](Se n^bg ^aOilia. KkiaQXog Sh rolg 
aXXoig riyelro xara to, naQtiyyek/LUva, ol S' evjtovro' 
xal dq)ixvovvrai elg rov nQOtrov (Sxad-fibv noQ 
l^Qialov xal rrjv ixeivov OTQariav afjuqA fjUoag vvxrag' 
xal iv ra^Bi &efjLevoL xa Bnla OvvfjlO-ov ol OxQaxrjyol 

8 xal loxccyol xibv ^EkX'^wv naQ* ^Aqialov^ xal iOfjuoaav 
oi X6 "^'Eklrjveg xal 6 ^Qialog xal xwv (Si)v avxcp ol 
XQaxioxoi fiifta TiQodcbasiv dH'^Xovg av/i/iaxoi x 
^(SeOx^har ol dh ^aQ^agoi nQoOibfiocSav xal tjyi^aeoS'ai 

9 ddolcog. xavxa d^ of/uoaav, dcpd^avxeg xavQov xal 
xdjiQOv xal XQiov elg donlda, ol /Ltkv *"EKkriveg ^d-- 

10 nxovxag §iq)og, ol dk /Sd^/SaQoi XoyxW* ^*^ ^^ '^^ 
maxd iyepsTo, elnev 6 KHaQX^S' ^'Aye di\y & Aqi- 
ai€, sneinsQ 6 avxdg {>/uv axdXog i&tl xal rnjuVj 
elnh xiva yvibfirp^ ^xsig tisqI xfjg noQelag, tioxsqov 
cItii/llsv rjv7i€Q rjlO-ofiev i] clkXtfy xiv ewevorixerai 

11 doxelg 6d6v XQeixxo). 6 d' elnev, ^'Hv /ih rjld-o/Liey 
dmovxBg navxakibg av vith Xifiov dnoXoifjueS-a' vtC" 
dqx^^ y^Q ^^ ij//^«^ ovdev xtbv ijiLxrjdeicov. enxaxal" 
dexa yaQ &taS'/iwv x(bv iyyirtdxct) ovds dsvQo lovxsg 
ex xfjg x^Q^S ovdev eixofiev ka/u^dveiv evO-a da 
XI riv, iifjielg dianoQevd/Lteyoi xaxedaTiav^Oafiev. vijv 
S* sJtivoov/Lcev noQedeaS-aL fiaxQoxeQav /LuVy xibv d^ 

12 emxTjdeiwv ovx dnoQ'^Oo/Lcev. noQevxeov (f ri/iiv xovg 
7iQ(bxovg OxaS-fiovg wg av dwdo/LLed-a fiaxQoxdxovg, 
IV (bg TtleT&tov dnoandaeo/LLev xov ^aaiXtxov axga'- 



LIB. II. CAP. II. 51 

rsvjuaTog* ijv yaQ oina^ dv fj tqiojv rjfisQOJv 6d6v 
anoOxoyfji^ y ovxhi /uij dtryrjaerai ^aOikevg rifiag 
xarala^eiv. dUyco jnhv y^Q OTQarsv/Lcari ov rol- 
/LLTjOsi eq)e7iBoS'ar nolvv & l/coy aroXov ov dw^- 
oerai raxBiog noQavsaS-ai' iacug de xal xibv imrrj^ 
SeicDv anaviel. ravrijy, ^^cpr}, rrp^ yvdifirp^ l/eo 
My(oye. 

^Hv d* aihrj 17 at^arriyla ovdsv clilo dtrya/Ltivri V6 
rj obiodQavai rj V7toq)vyalv' 17 dk rvx^ iargarriyTjas 
xdlhov. snel yccQ rifjU^a eyhevo, snoQsvovro h 
ds^L^ exovTsg rbv ijhov, koytCo/uevoi tj^clv oi/LC ^^kiip 
dvvovTi elg xw/Lcag rfjg Ba^vixoviag x^Q^S' ^«« 
rovTo /Luv ovx hpBva&riaav. ett (f a[A.q)l dellijv u 
edo^av 7iol€/Lciovg OQdv tnneag* xal r&v S-^ ^'Ekki^- 
vary 6i /Lcrj etvxov h raig rd^eOLv Hvreg elg rag 
rd§€ig MS-BoVy xal l^Qiaiog, Btvyx^y^ ycnQ iq)* ap^«- 
/Lcd^rig noQevd/Lievog di&vi irhQwro, xara^dg sS'CDQa- 
xiQ^o xal ol (Jvv avrid. ev & & (bnlH^ovro, fixov 15 
Xeyovrag ol 7iQ07i6/uq)d'€vr€g axoTtoi Hri ovx iTiTifjg 
€iev, dlX vnoXiVyia vi/Lcoiro, xal evS-vg eyvcoaav 
ndvreg iki iyyijg nov kaxQaronedevevo ^aOikeug' xal 
yaQ xaTtvdg icpaivero iv x(b/uaig ov TtQOfJa). Kke- 16 
aQXog ^' anl fih/ rovg nolsfiiovg ovx '^yev' ijdei 
yaQ xal cTteiQrjx&iag Toi)g CtQarKbrag xal dairovg 
ovrag' ijdrj de xal oxph rjv ov fihroi ovd^ dnixhvB, 
q)vlarr6fjL^og fii] doxoirj q)BvyaLv, d'k)^ sv&vcoqov 
clycDv cljua rtp rfXivo dvofjihvp slg rag eyyvrdrro) 
xibfjiag roi)g JiQibrovg exojv xar€(Jxijyo)(fBv, i^ &v A- 
rignaOTO vnb rov ^aoihxov (JTQarevfiarog xal avrd 

4» 



52 LIB. II. CAP. II. III. 

17 Ttt dno to)?' oJxnm' ^v).a. ol uev ovv TTQtbroi S/ucug 
T()6n(p civi eOTQaT07rB(iev(JavTo, ol rf' {jOtbqoi Oxo^ 
xaloL TTQoatoinreg (bg irvj^/ayov exaOroi rjvkiCoi'To, 
xal XQavyrjfy TroD.rjv hcolovv xalovrzeg aXXrihovg^ 
&OTB xal rovg Trole/uiovg dxovsiv woS-^ ol /uev iyyi^ 
rara ribv TioXeukoy xai icpvyov ex T(bv Oxijro)^ 

18 fiaroyv. dfikov dh tovto rfj vOcsQaiq eyeveto' oirts 
yaq vnoQvyiov W ovdev eqxivrj oihe (TtQardTiedov 
ovre xa:rrdg ovdauov JikrjiJiov. e^BTrkdyrj tf', wg 
toixe, xal ^aOiXevg rfi ecpodcp rov OxQarevfiarog^ 
edrjlwoe Se rovro oig rfj vOreQaia enQarre. 

19 IJQol'ovarjg uevroi rrjg vvxrdg ravrrjg xal rolg 
'^'E)lri(SL cp6(iog e/uTiiTiTeiy xal S-ogv/iog xal dovnog 

20 fiv, olov elxbg q)6^ov i/u7ieo6vrog yiyveO&aL. Kke^ 
aQx^S ()'£ TolfMtjv ^Hkelov, Sv ervyxavev e^vov naQ^ 
eauTip xriQVxa aQKtrov rwv rore, dvemelv exehevae 
CLyriv xriQV§av{y on nQoayoQevovOiv ol clQ/ovreg, 
og civ rdv dcpevra rov ovov eig rd onla fir[yv(Sri^ 

21 (in ki^yjerai /Liia&dv rdkavrov. enel dh ravt* ext]-- 
QvxS-Tjf eyvwoav ol OTQaricorai on xevdg 6 (po^og 
eit] xal ol aQx^^^^S o'(p. ci/ua d' oq&qo) naQriy- 
yeiXev 6 KXeaQ/^og eig rd^iv rd Snla riS-eoS-ai rovg 
"EfJ.rjvag, fJTieQ elxov 6V ^y rj fidxi]- 

in. ''0 de dri eyQayja on ^aodevg iSenlayij 
rfj eq>6dcOy r(pde dfjXov r[v. rfj /uev yaQ n^ooS-ev 
fifjieQ(f 7ii/LC7ia)v rd 8nXa naQadidovai exeXeve, rdre 
d' a/LC Tjlio) dvarekkovn xi^QVxag enefixfje neql onov- 
2 dibv. ol rf* biel rik&ov TtQog rovg n^ocpv'kaxagy 
iCrjrow rovg olgxovrag. ejieidi] cJ' djii^yyelXov ol 



LIB. 11. CAP. ITT. 53 

nQoq)iL>laxeg, KkeaQ/^og tv/cjv rore rag ra^sig km- 
axonibv ehiB rolg 7iQoq)vla^L zekeveiv rovg xrjQVxag 
neQLfievBiVy oixQi- civ O/oXdat], snei dh xariorrjas rd 3 
crQ&revfMa, SxJrs xaktbg e^eiv oQccoO-ai navrtj cpa- 
Xay)^a TivxvTjVf s^oy&ev de rwv dTtlcov /Lcrjdiva xara- 
q)av7j elvaiy ixdXsOe rovg dyyiXovgf xal avrog re 
TCQo^X&s rovg t* evonlorarovg e/^oiv xal evsids&td'- 
rovg T(bv avrov (TtQaricDTibv xal rolg aXkoig OrQa- 
rtiyolg ravrd €q)Qa(J6v. kfiel d^ tiv n^bg rolg dy- 4 
yeXoigy dvriQibra ri jiovkoLvro. ol d^ eXeyov on 
TiBQi G7iovd(bv rjxoLsv avd^Eg oYrivsg Ixavol eoovrai 
rd re naqd ^aodewg rolg '^'ElXrja^y dnayyeHai xal 
rd nagd ribr '^Ell'^vwv /iaOilel, 6 d^ dnexQivaro* 5 
l^7tayy€}.k^e roivvv avrtp Hri fidxrig SbI TiQcbrov ' 
aQiOrov yaQ ovx eoriv, ovd^ 6 roX/^rfioyv h'orai ne^l 
anovdibv IsysLv rolg "EkltjCJi. /utj noQiCag aQcorov, 
ravr dxotJOavreg ol ayyekot dnrjlavvov, xal rjxov 6 
ra^v' & xal dfjlov riv 8ri iyyvg nov /iaodevg riv 
rj ailog rig ^ enevtcaxro raijra nqdrrsiv* hlsyov 
<y' 8ri elx&ta doxolsv Xeyevv ^aaiXely xal rjxoiey riya- 
fiovag exovreg oi avrovg, ear onovdal ysvwvrai, 
a§ov(Jiv svS-ev s^ovoi rdmrridaia. 6 d^ rjQibra at 7 
ainolg rolg drd^doi anevdoiro TtQoOiovOi xal dmovovVy 
Tj xal rolg diloig €(Joiv&* at onovdaL ol d% '^'Ana- 
Civ, €q)a(Jav, f^^XQ^ ^^ ^aOiXel rd nag^ Vfji(bv diay-^ 
yalS^. sTtsl ds rairc elnovy fisraorrjOd/LLevog av- 8 
rovg 6 KXia^x^S i^ovleveio' xal iddxai rag onov- 
dag noulod-aL raxv y &(Sre xaS-^ ri^vxiav el&elv 
r 67il rdnirrideia xal la/Selv. 6 da KkaaQX^S f?^«^ 9 



54 LIB. II. CAP. Ill 

JoxbI /llcv xauol Tavra' ov fihrtoi rax^ y ott- 
ayY^Ubj alXa diatQixpo), eat* civ dxvrjOcocJiv oi c[yy€?.oi, 
fit] oatodd^i] tj/LLir rag anovdag noi'^OaoO-m' olfiai 
ye /Luvroi, eq)ri, xai rolg Tj/LLeteQoig axQaridytaiQ rbv 
ainbv q)6^ov nagiaeo&ai. krcel rf' edoxei xaigbg 
elvoUy ojir^Y^^^ ^^ OTxevdoiro, xal ed&ifg tiYelO&ai 
exeleve TtQog raniTrideia. 

10 Kal 01 /Lchv rjfyovvro, KXeaQX^S /Lcevroi inoQev-^ 
evo rag /uev onovdotg TtoirjcJa/Lcevog, rd dk (Tr^dTev/Lca 
e/oyy sv xa^eiy xal avrog (bTUCJO-ocpvldxei. xal h^ 
^vyx^^'^ov racpQOig xal avkwocv vdaxog TikiiQeaiVy oio^ 
re fiij d{fvaO&ai dia^aiveiv clvev yeqyvQWV dlX^ 
knoiovvro he rwv q)oivlx(ov oi hvyx^'^^'^ exnenro)- 

11 xoreg, roi)g de xal i^ixonrov, xal evravS-^ ijv Kki^ 
aqx^'^ xarafiaS-elv wg eneordrei, iv fiky rfj d^iareQ^ 
rd doQV e^oyvy ev de rfj de§L^ ^axTtiQiav* xal ei 
rig avrw doxoirj rdjv ngbg rovro rezay/bUycov /ffAa- 
xeveiv, exle)^6/Lievog rdv ejurrideior sJiaiOey civ, xal 
&fjL axrtbg nQoaeld/Ltjiavev etg rdv nrjlbv e/Lc^alvary* 
&(Jre ndoiv atOx'^'^W ^^^«^ /^V ^^ (Jvonovdd^uv. 

12 xal erdx^Oar nQortov ot /aixQ^ r^iaxovr evrj ye-- 
yovdreg' enel dk xal Kkia^x^^ ewQory anovddl^ovra, 

13 TiQoOeld/u^avov xal ol nQea^vreQoi. nokv Sk fi63^ 
kov 6 KkiaQX^S eonevdev, vnonrevary r&te iikfiQeig 
elvai rag rdq>(fovg iidarog' ov yaQ ^ &^a oYa rd 
nedlov oi^detv* diX Yva dii nolkd TiQocpalvoiro rolg 
^'EllrjOi deivd etg rify Tiogeiav, rovrov evexa ^aOi^ 
lia V7id)7irevev enl rd nedlov rd vScdq dq)eixivai. 

14 TioQevo/Lceyoi (f dq)ixovro etg x(b/Lcag, oS-ev dnidei^av 



LIB. II. CAP. III. 55 

oi fiyefjidvBQ Xa/u^dv€LV rdTiLrrjdeia, svtjv dh Olrog 
Tiokbg xal oivog q)oivix(ov xal d§og hpijtdv dnb rwv 
airabv. avrai d^ at ^akavoi r&v q)oiVLX(jt)Vy ol'ag 16 
/ukr ev roig "^'EklrjOty bOtiv tdslvy rolg obchaig dni^ 
XBirzo, at ds rolg deanoxaig dnoxei/Luvou '^aav djio- 
kexroif S-avfiddiai rov xdlkovg x^i fuyiS-ovgy rj d^ 
ot/Jig rikixrcQov ovdsv duq)eQe' rag di rivag ^Qai^ 
vovrsg rQa'yrj/Liar dnsrviS-sOav. xal ^ naQa norov 
Tjdv /usv, XBq>a'kaXykg dL hravS-a xal rdv iyxi^ 16 
(paXov rov q)oivixog nQtbrov Bq)a'yov ol OrgariibraLy 
xal ol nollol iO-av/Lial^ov ro r Bidog xal rrjv Idio- 
rrfta rrjg ridovfig. ^ dh acpodqa xal roOro XBcpah- 
akyig. 6 Sb q>olvi§, dO-Bv i^ai^Bd-Biri 6 ByxBq)akog, 
Slog B^rivaivevo. 

^Evrav&* BfiBivav rj/LCBQag rgBlg' xal 7iaQ&, /llb^ 17 
ydkov ^aOilicog rjxB TiOOaq)BQvr]g xal 6 rfjg ^aaiXicog 
yxjvaixbg ddBXq)dg xal allot TlBQaai r^Big' dovloi 
dh Ttollol Binovro. btibI (J' dnrimjoav avrolg ot 
r&v "^Ellrp^oyy orQaxriyol, bIb^b ngdrtog Ti6aaq)BQV7]g 
dC BQ/UTiviwg roiddB. ^Eyd), & clvdQBg "^'EDap^Bg, yBL-- 18 
TOW oix(b rfj ^EUddi, xal bjibI i/Lcag Bidov Big Ttolld 
xd/iTjxava TiBnrcox&tag, bHqti/lc BTioirjod/Lcriv bi nayg 
dwalfiTfy nagdi ^aaiUcog alrrjCao&ai dovvai i/iol 
djioa&Oai vfjiag Big rrp^ '^Elldda. ol/uai yicQ otv ovx 
dxaQlorcog /loi b^blv oUtb n^bg Vfi(bv ovtb TiQog 
rfjg ndarjg "^Ellddog. ravra Sb yvovg fftoTifjirp^ 19 
fiaOilia, Hyiov avrm Hri dixaloyg Uv /uoi /«p/^orro, 
Sn avr(p Kvqov r htiarqarBVovra nq&rog TyfyBila 
xal ^ori&Btav bxcov oifia rfi dyyBlitf dq)ix6/urjVf xal 



56 Lir,. 11. CAP. HI. 

/.toroc: T(bv xaru rovg "^'BDltji^ag retayuivwr ovx 
tcpvyov, alia dirila(Ja xai (Jvve/Lii^a ^aOilei iv rtp 
vueriijw OxQaTOTiidip, evO^a ^aCilevg d(pix€xo, ejisl 
Kvifov dnizieive zai rovg gvv KvQ(p ^aQ^a^ovg 
idUo^B, ouv rolade rolg na^jovoi vvv fA^ ifjuoVy oi^ 

20 7it{i avr(p sloi niOrdraroi. xal tisqI /lcsv toijtwv 
vmaxeTo uoi ^ovltvoeod^ai' BQeaS-ai de fju vuag 
exelevm^ ilfhina rlvog ersicev eOTQareixSat' en avrov. 
y,al Ova^ovltuo) v/Lur /LLer^jicog ajiozQivacd-aiy iva 
jLcoi 6U7i()axc6Tt(jov f]f tav xi Svyw/uai dyaO-bv v/jXv 

21 na(f avrov dia:i^d^aaO'ai, n^og ravra fi^acfravreg 
oVEllrivege^ovltvoi^ro' xal dnexQivavrOy K)JaQx^S 
(V eleysv "^Huelg oiire avvrjlO-ousv (bg ^aOilsT no).^' 
urjOovieg oUt tmoQevo/iieS'a enl ^acJilsa, dlld nollag 
7i(jo(puOaig KvQog 7jV()i(Jxev, (bg xal Ov bv olod^a, %v 
Vfjiag T d7ia()UOxevovg ld(ioi xmI tj/udg axovrag iv- 

22 O^dd' dydyoL. enel fihroi ijdrj avrov iwQUJusv iv 
dsivip ovra, fic^x^^^l^^^^ ^^* S-aovg xal dv&Qibnovg 
TtQodovvai avrov, iv rib TTQooO^ev XQOvcp naQsxovreg 

23 riuag avrovg sv noielv, ijiel de KvQog reihvrjxev, 
oiira /^aOilsl dvrLnoLOVfxafha ri]g d^x^S ovr aoriv 
orov avaxa /Sovloi/aad'^ av ri]v ^acSilaojg x(b^av xa- 
x(bg noialvj TtOQavoiuaB-a d^ av OLxad', ai rig rjuag 
juri IvTioLTj' ddixovvra /Ltavrot TiaiQaOo/ua&a Ovv rolg 
S-aotg duvvafjO-at' adv uavroi rig rjudg xal av noiwv 
vnciQxilf ^^^ rovrov aig ya dvvaf^iv ovy^ rirrrjcJo- 

24 uaO-a av noiovvrag, 6 iLcav ovrojg aJnav dxovoag 
d^ 6 TioaacptQVTjg TaCz\ acpri, iyw dnayyalib ^aoi- 
lai xal vfjiiv ndhv rd 7ia{f axaivov ua/Qi d^ a^ 



LIB. II. CAP. III. IV. 57 

iyw rjxco, at cnovdal /usvovtodv ayoQav d^ i^/uels 
7ia()e^ojU€v. 

Kal eig /ll€v rriv varsQaiav oi)/ riTtev' wciS^ ol 25 
^'EXlriPsg ecpQovTi^ov' rfj dk tqItti fjxijov eXeyep 8ri 
dianeiiQayfievog tjxoi naQa /iaadiwg dodifyai avrcp 
cwiC^Biv Tovg '^' EiXrp/ag, xaineQ txoIIOjv dvrikeyovrcov 
(bg ovx a^LOv eirj ^acSiXel acpelvai rovg ecp" eavrbv 
(STQarevOauevovg. reXog d^ sins' Kal vvv s^soxiv vfilv 26 
mora "ka^slv naQ^ ^/Lttdv r] /lltjv cpiXiav naqs^sLv 
Vfjilv TTjv /(hQav xal ddoXwg and^sLv slg rrp^ *^ElXdda 
dyoQav naQs^ovrag' ihtov d^ dv /lct] fi TXQiaO&aif la/ur- 
^dvsiv Vfjuag sx rfjg x^Q^S sdao/Lcsv rdTiirrjdsia. v/udg 
(J* av ri/MV dsriOsL d/u6aai rj /LLrjr TCOQSvasa&ai d)g 27 
dm cpiliag doivcog Olra xal nord XafA.pdvovrag, ono- 
rav /LLrj dyoqdv naQs^oifi^, riv ds naQixco/Lcsv dyo^dv, 
wvovfihovg s^SLv rdmrridsLa. ravr sdo^s, xal ibfjio-- 28 
iSav xal ds^idg sdo(Sav Ti(ioa(fsqv7\g xal 6 rfjg ^aOi-- 
kswg yvvaixog ddskq)dg xolg rtbv '^Ekkifp/wv OTQarrj- 
yolg xal loxayolg xal sla^ov naqd r(bv '^EXXrjvcov. 
juetd Ss ravr a TioaacpsQvrjg sins' Nvv /llsv di] an- 29 
si/iii (bg /SaOilsa' snsiddv ds dianQd^co/itat a dsojuaiy 
rj^io OvOxsvaodfisvog d)g dnd^wv v/udg slg rtjv '£?.- 
Xdda xal avrbg dnmv snl rijv i/Lcavrov dQxrjv. 

IV. Mevd raijra nsQis/usvov TiC(Jaq>sQvriv 6i 
S-^ "^'EkXrp^sg xal 6 l^Qialog syyvg dXXTjXcov sorgarons^ 
dsvjLuvoi rjfisQag nXsiovg rj sixo(Jiv, sv Sh ravraig 
dq)ixvovvrai nqbg ^^Qiatov xal ol ddsXcpol xal ol 
diloi dvayxaloi xal n^dg rovg Ovv ixsivq) UsQOojr 
rivsg, o^i naQsd-dQQVvov rs xal ds^idg svioig na^d 



58 LIB. II. CAP. IV. 

^a(Ji)J(jDg tcpSQOv, /urj fjuvriOixaxriaBiv ^aai)Ja airtoTg 
zflQ (Jvv KvQ(p sTiKTrQarrsiag /urjd^ clXXov /irjdsvdg rwv 

2 TiaQOixo/uivcov. TovTwv de yiy^of^evrnv ¥ydrjloi rioav 
ol tibqI l^Qtaiof^ fftTov TiQoas/ovTeg rolg "^'EiltjOi rdr 
vovv' ware xal dia roiho rolg /uev nolkolg xwv 
"^Ekhrfywv ovx rJQ€<Jxov, dHa nQooidvreg rip Kke- 
(XQx^ i^^^yov xal rolg cllloig arQaxriyolg' Ti /liro^ 

3 /Lcsr; i] ovx eJiKna/ueS'' bri ^ocOilevg rj/Lcdg dmoXadai 
dv TiBQi navrdg noiriOaLro, iva xal rolg alloig "^'Ek- 
XrjcJi q)6^og bltj ml ^aOiXia f^eyav (SrQarevsiv; xal 
vvv fihv Tj/udg VTcdyetai /uivsiv did rb disandQ&ai 
avrip rb ozQdrevfia' inijv ds ndhv dhoOij avr(p 
71 Orqarid, ovx eoriv HTXCog ovx iniSriaerai rj/ulv. 

4 iowg de nov rj dnooxdjirsi ri fj dnoreix^^h ^S 
cinoQog jj 17 odog. ov ydg noS-^ ixcbv ye ^ovXri-- 
asrai rifidg ilS-ovrag elg rrjv ^ElXdd^ djiayyeV^ai, 
(bg rifielg roOold^ bvreg €vixd>iu6v inl ralg S^Qaig 

6 avrov xal xarayskdoavrsg dn'^l&o/usv, KXeaQ/^og 
d' oJiexQivaro rolg ravra kiyovOLv' 'Eyib ivS-v/uoV'^ 
fiai fihv xal ravra ndrra, irvow d^ Hri, si vvv 
am/Ltev, do^o/usv em noke/LUp dnievai xal nagd rdg 
anovddg noielv. eneirta n^ibrov /lcbv dyoQav ovdeig 
TiaQi^ei rifuv ovd^ e§ofMev dS-ev ^lairiov/ued-a' av- 
i^ig d^ 6 riyrjao/LLevog ovdeig e&rav xal a/ua ravra 
noiovvroov tj/ucbv eifS-vg dv l^Qialog dno(Tralr]' oiore 
q)Llog rj/ulv ovdeig keXeitpetai, alia xal ol Tt^doS-ev 

6 ovreg noke/uioi rifuv eOovrai. nora/ubg d^ el fiev 
rig xal allog aQ rifuv eCii diapareog ovx olda' 
rbv d^ ovv Evq)Qdrr]v io/uev bri ddvvarov dia/ifjvai 



LIB II. CAP. IV. 59 

^(olvdvrwv T(X)v nole/Liiiov. ov fih^ dri, av /LtdxeoS-ai 
ye deji, tnn^g bIolv rifuv avfifjua'/^oij rmv da nole- 
filojv binfjg etoiv ol TtXeloroi xai nlelarov a^ior 
&(Jr£ vixdjvrag fihv riv av axoxrceivaifMev ; '^Trco/Ltevcov 
(?' ovdh^ ol6v re owiHjvai. iyo) fiky ovv ^aoilia, i 
^ oiho) nokkd €(ni rd Ov/Lc/uaxa, bitisq nQo&v/Ltelrai 
Tj/udg dnoXicai, ovx oW ii ri del avrbv d/iooac xal 
ds^idv dovvai xal &€ovg htioQxficJai xal ra iavrov 
nund dniOTa Tiotrjoai "^'Eklrici ra xal /^aQ^d^ocg. 
Toiavra noiX ekey^. 

^Ev dh TOVT(p 7]X6 TiO(Jaq)eQvi]g e/wv rrp^ iav- 8 
rov dvvafiiv djg etg olxov dnidyv xal ^Ogovrag ttjv 
eavTov dvvafjiiv' ijys dk xal rip^ S^yarsQa rrp^ 
^aOikeoog wg krcl ydfiq). inevS'Sv <J' rj^rj TiOda- 9 
q)eQvovg rfyov/uevov xal dyoQdv naQexovrog mo- 
Q6VOVTO' €7ioQ€vevo ds xol jiQialog rd Kv^ov /SaQ- 
^aQtxbv €X(oy oifia TiOOaq)€Qvei xal ^O^ovra xal 
avveOTQaTOTiedetjeco Ovv exeivovg. ol d^ -'EkXrp/Bg lo 
vq)OQ(bvr€g romovg atnol iq)' savTd)v ixcoQovv riye^ 
/uovag exovTsg, eOTQaTonsd&uovTo d^ ixdcfror an" 
exovTsg aklrikoyv naQaodyyrp/ xal nXelov ecpvXdxrovTo 
d' dfiq)6raQoi wonaQ noXs/Ltiovg dlkrjlovg, xal sv&vg 
rovd-^ wioxjjiav jiaQslxav. eviots da xal ^Xil^o/LLavoi ii 
ax rov avrov xal y^oQTov xal aiJka roiaiha avkks- 
yovrag nXrjydg aviraivov dllrikoig' tiara xal rovr^ 12 
axS-Qar naQaixa. diak&ovrag da r^alg ara^-fiovg dcpi- 
xovro TiQbg ro Mi]diag xakovfiavov relxog, xal naQ- 
fjk&ov aioo) airvov, riv d^ (bxodo/Lcrj/uarov nkivS-oig 
dnralg av doq)dkrw xat/uavaig, avQog aixoCi nodibv, 



60 LIB. TI. CAP. IV. 

{jifJOQ d^ ixarov' /ufjxog d^ iliyer^ slvai eixoOi naQa-^ 
aayyOjv' dnixei ds Ba^vXojvog ov noXv. 

13 ^EvTsv&ev d^ bioQBvS^dav oxaS-fiovg dvo na^a" 
cayyag dxrd) ' xal dd^ricsav diojQvxag dvo, rrjv /uhv 
ml YBcpvQas, TTjv d^ eQevyfihrfv nkoioig kira' airuac 
d' TjiJav anb rov TiyQTjTog noTa/Ltov' xarevh/LcriyTo 
rf' i^ avTOJv xal rdq)Qoi sTti rrjv x^Qav, at /nkv 
TtQwrai /j.eya'kaLy sneLxa d^ ikdrrovg' zeXog dh xal 
fjiiXQol ox^ol, wOTieQ iv rfj '^EkXddL kil rag /aellvag' 
xal dcpixvovvrai inl rov TiyQifta norafidv TtQog ^ 
nohg Tjv /bceydlr] xal nolvdrd-Qconog, ovo/ua Slt-- 
rdxT], dnexovoa rov Trora/uov Oradiovg nevrexaidexa, 

14 ol /LC€V ovv '"Ekkrp/ag na^ avrrjv ioxrjvrjOav syyvg 
TtaQadaiaov /LceydXov xal xaXov xal daOeog navroiojv 
7ih]&6L davdQOiv, ol dh /SdQ/SaQOL dLa/Sa^rjXorag rov 
TiyQTjfta* ov jLtsvroL xaracpavalg ridav. 

15 Mbt« dh TO dalnvov erv^ov iv nagmdrw ovreg 
TtQa ribv 37tXo)v llQo^avog xal SavocpOjv xal nqoo-^ 
aXS^iov avS-Qwnog rig rjQibrriCa rotg 7iQoq)vkaxag nov 
av YdoL U^d^avov ij Kkaaqy^ov Mavcova d^ ovx a^tj- 
raif xal ravra naQ ^AQiaiov wv rov MavcDvog fe- 

16 vov. anal da IJQo^avog alnav bri avrog al/ai ov 
l^rjraig, alnav clvO-QConog rdda. "Ena/j/ipa fi 6 L^pt- 
alog xai ^QxdoX^og, ntOrol bvrag Kvqco xal Vfuv 
avvoi, xal xaXavovOt (pvldrraoO-aiy /lct] vfuv am&vjv- 
rat rfjg vvxrbg ol ^d^jiaQor aOrt da arQarav/ua 

17 noXv av rw nkrjOiov naQadaioo). xal na^d rijv ya- 
q>VQav rov Tiy^rftog nora/uov na/uyjat xakavovoi 
q>vkaxriv, (hg diavoalrai avrrjv kvoai TiMaq)aQvr]g 



\ 



LIB. II. CAP. IV. 61 

TTjg vvxros, eav dvvrfrai, (bg fiij dia^fJTe au! Iv 
/u€<Ja} ojioXricpSrfrB rov nora/uov xai rfjg dicoQvxog. 
dxovoavreg ravr ayovOLV avrbv naQa rdv KXiaQ/ov 18 
yMi (pQaX,ov(Jiv a liysi. 6 ds K)JaQxog dxovaag 
iraQa/O-ri Ocpod^a xal iq)o^eiTO. veaviaxog de rig 19 
Td)v naQ&yreov evvorjOag eiTrsv (bg ovx dxokovx^a 
eltj TO t' intS^Oso&ai xal Ivoeiv rip/ yeq)VQav. 
dfjlov 'yaQ (hi kju&e/jUvovg i] vixav d^Oei i] ^t- 
rdoO-ai. sdtv /ukv ovv vix(boty ri del Xvblv av- 
Tovg rip/ yecpVQuv; ovdh yaQ ctv nolXal 'y€(pvQai. 
(haiVy exoi/LLsv otv Hnoi (pvyovrsg rj/uelg acoS-w/Ltsv. 
edv d^ rifieig vixihfisv, Xshjfievrig Trig ya^Vijag ovx 20 
e^ovOiv bxbIvoi hnoi (pijyojOiv' ovde /lltjv ^07jS^(Jai 
noXkdry cfrraw nsQav ovdslg avrolg dwri(J^ai IsXv- 
/Ltevrjg rfjg y€(pvQag. dxov(Jag d^ 6 KXiaQxos raiha 21 
^pfTo rby oiyyehiv, n6(Jr] rig eirj /c6p« rj h fi€a(p 
zov Tiy^rfTog xal rfjg di(bQvxog. 6 d^ elnev ori 
noXlrj xal xob/Luxi sveiCi xal ndkeig nolkal xal /ua- 
ydkai. r&ve di] xal iyvcboS^ Src ol ^aQ^aQoi rov 2« 
av&Qconov vnone/urpeiav^ oxvovvrag /u^ ol '"Ekhrp^eg 
dielovreg rrp^ yi(pvQav /Lcalveiav ev rfj vri(J(p e^vfiarc 
exovrsg tvS-sv /uhv rdv Tiy^rfca, evd-Bv dh rijv di(b- 
Qvxa ' ra S^ tiirrideia sxoisv ex rfjg ev /Lceoip x^Q^S 
nolkfjg xal dyaSfjg oii(Jrig xal rwv eQya(JojLLev(ov 
evovrcov' elra dh xal dnoOrQoqyfi yevoir ei rig ^oih- 
loiro ^a(SvXia xaxwg noielv. /lerd de rai/t dve- 2S 
navovro' knl fievroi rijv yecpv^av Hfioig (pvhxxrp^ 
ene/uyjav xal oiir eneS-eto ovdelg ovda/uoS'ev ovre 
TiQdg rip/ ye(pvQav ovdelg ijlO-e r(bv Tioke/uUov, (bg 



60 LIB. TI. CAP. IV. 

{Jyjog d' exarov ufjxog d' iliyev^ alvai eYxoOt na^a^ 
aayy(bv' dnix^i ds Ba/^vXwvog ov nokv. 

13 ^EvT€v&€v d^ i7ioQ€vSi]<Jav oia&fjiovg dvo naQa-- 
cayyag dxrcb ' xal dd^riOav didoQVxoig dvo, rip^ /llsv 
inl y€q)VQagf rip/ d^ il^evy/usvrjv nloioig sTird' airtai 
d' riOav and rov Tiy^rfcog nora/uov' xarBrh/Lcrprco 
rf' i§ avTWv xal rdcpQoi eitl ttjv x^Qav, at /ukv 
TtQcbrai fisydlai, msna d^ iXdrrovg* reXog dk xal 
fiiXQol o/^exoi, &(Sn€Q iv rfj "^EkXddi inl rag /ueXlvag' 
xal dcpixvovvxai inl rov TiyQrjra nora/uov nQog q) 
nolig 7p^ /bteydkrj xal noXvdvd-Qconogy ovofia Sir^ 
rdxT], dnixovoa rov nora/uov Oradiovg nevrexaidexa. 

14 ol /U6V ovv ""EkXrp/eg na^ avrrjv ioxip^r/Oav iyyvg 
naQaSeiOov /ueydXov xal xaXov xal daOeog navroicov 
nXi]d'eL divdQoyVy ol dh ^dq^aqoi dia/ie^r/xoreg rov 
Tiy^rjra' ov fiivroi xaracpavelg r/Oav. 

15 Mbt« dh ro dsinvov etv^ov iv nsQindro) ovreg 
nQo rd)v SnXcov nQo^svog xal Zevoq)(bv' xal ngod^ 
eX&chv clvS-Qwnog rig r/QwrrjOs roi)g nQocpvXaxag nov 
av idol IJQo^evov i] KXiaqx^v Msvwva d^ ovx i^tj- 
rei, xal ravra naQ ^A^iaiov wv rov Miviovog ^fi- 
le vov. kfiel dh UQo^evog einsv 8ri avrog si/lci ov 

^r/reigf elnev avS-QOjnog rdde. "Enefiyje fi 6 L^pi- 
aiog xai AqrdoX^og, niOrol bvreg KvQcp xal vfuv 
svvoi, xal xsXevovOi cpuXdrreoO-ai, /ui] v/ulv iniB-vjv^ 
rai rrjg vvxrdg ol ^d^^aQor ecri dh (Jr^drsv/ua 
17 noXi) iv rep nXr/Oiov naQadeioo), xal naQa rr/v ye-- 
q)VQav rov Tiy^r/rog nora/uov ns/uyjai xeXevovOi 
cpvXaxr/v, (hg diavosirai avrrjv Xvaai TiMaq)eQvrig 



Vv 



LIB. II. CAP. IV. V. G3 

^EvrevS-ey d^ kjioQBvd^oav axaS-fiovg igrj/uovg 28 
rhraQag JiaQaod'yyag eixooi rov Tiy^r[ta norafidv 
ir aQKJrsQa ex^ovxeg. iv Ss rep TTQcbTW Ora&fjiip 
nsQav rov norafiov nohg (pxslro fieyalri xal 6i)- 
daljbimv ovo/ia Kaivai, i§ ^g ol ^A^^aQoi di^fiyov 
sTii C/^ediaig dicpB-SQivaig aQTovg, rvQovgy olvov. 

V. Meta raiyc acpixvovvrai ml xbv Zandrav 
Ttora/uov, rd ei^og recraQWv nXeO-QCUv. xavravS-^ 
€/LC€ivav rifiBQag r^elg' h dh xavraig vnotplai /uev 
^(JaVf q)av€Qa (f ovde/Lcla iq>alveTO hti^ovlri. h'do^sv 2 
ovv Tip KXbAqxV (^vyY^^(^^OLt' ^<p Tioaaq)eQVBiy ei 
ncog dvvavTo navoai rag vnoyjiag, nqlv i^ avrwv 
noXe/Lcov ysved&ai' xal sne/Lctfj^ riv bqoxjvS'^ ihi dvy- 
y^BOd-ai avT(p /p/J^at. 6 rf' hol/Lccog ixiXevev rjxsiv. 3 
insidrj dh awfjlS-ov, liysi 6 KkiaQx^S Tade. 

^Efyiby & Tiaaaq)iQvr], olda /uev rj/uiv S^xovg 
yeysvTj/Luyovg xal ds^iag dedofieyag /irj ddixi^Oeiv «A- 
krjXovg' y>vXaTT6jLi€vov de ai 0-^ oqo) (bg noXs/uovg 
^Ifiagj xal rifAMg dQdjvreg rai/t dviiq>vXazr6fjLB&a, 
hiel dk oxonwv ov dvvafiai oiha oh atoS^ioS-ai tibl- 4 
^(huevov rifjL&g xaxwg noieiv, iyib re Oaq)ibg old' on 
^jusig y ovd" htivoovfi^ roioihov ovdh^, edo^a /uoi 
ug Xoyovg Ooi^lXd-eiv, Sneog si dvvaijLCBd'' a^eXoifiev 
dXXrjXiov rrp^ dmoriav. xal ydg old' dv&^ibnovg 6 
ridri rovg /uev ex dia^oXijg rovg dh xal e§ vnoxpiagy 
Sri (po/irid'evreg dXXrjXovg q)&doai ^ovXo/Lteyoi tiqIv 
Tia&eiv eTtoirjOav dvrixe(na xaxd rovg ovre /ueXXovrag 
ovr av ^ovXo/Ltevovg roiovrov ovdev. rag odv roir- e 
<xvrag dyvoyfioCvvag vo/Liil^wv avvovoiaig fidXi(Sr 



62 LIB. II. CAP. IV. 

24 ot (pvX&rrovtBS anriyYelXov. insidrj d* ewg eyevero, 
dii^aivov Ttp^ YBq>VQav ^evy/LLevijv nXoioig TQidxovra 
xou sTVta d)g olov re /udhara necpvlay/usvcog' e^y- 
yslXov yaQ riveg r(bv na^a Tc(Jaaq}€Qvovg "^Ekhrp/iovy 
(bg dia^aivovTCjv /uiHotev ejiiS^jaeaO-ai. alia rav^ 
ra /uev tpeudfj rfn' dia^aivovrwv fievroi 6 Flovg 
€7i6q)dvrj /LLer^ clilmv axoTtwv el dia^alvoisv rdv no- 
ra/uov ineidij rf* sMey, 4^/«t' aTislavvcDv. 

26 l^Tid dk Tov Tiy^Tfcog €7ioQeijSi]aav araS-fjiovg 

xhraQag naQaodyyag ehcocJiv hil rdv ^voxov noxa- 
fiovy TO BVQog nleS-Qov inrjv dk 'y€q)VQa. xavravS-^ 
(pxeiTo Ttolig juaydlrf ovo/ua ^Sinig' TtQdg ^ oyrTyy- 
rrjOe roig "^'EllriOiv 6 KtjQov xal ^A^ra^eQ^ov vd&og 
ddehpdg dnd SovOcov xal 'Ex^ardveov cfTQOTi&v 
Tiollijv olycDv d)g ^oriS^amv ^adilsV xal kjiioxTiaag 
TO havTov cftQ&ttvfia naQSQX^/^^ovg rotg "Ellrp^ag 

26 iS-edb^Bv. 6 de KliaQ/og tj/bIto /ubv Big dvo, ino- 
QevBTo d^ cllloTB xal cHlot" Bq)L(Jrd/LLBvog' boov ^b 
di] x^Qovov rb rjyoij/LCBvov rov OTQarBV/LLarog snion^- 
GBiB, roooijzov '^v Avdyxri xQovov dC blov rov of pa- 
TBVjuarog ylyvBO&ai rrp^ BTtiaraOiv ojotb to or^d- 
TBV/Lca xal avTolg rolg ^^'EHrjOL do^ai nd/Lcnolv Blvaiy 
xal rdv IlBQarp^ ixTiBTilfjxO'ai S-Biogovvta. 

27 ^EvTBvd-Bv (J' BnoQsv&TjOav Std rfjg Mrjdlag 
araS-fjioijg BQrj/uovg b^ nagaodyyag XQidxovra Big 
rag ITaQVOdridog xibfiag rfjg Kvqov xal /^aOiliiog 
fiTpCQog, ravrag Tioaag)BQvr]g Kvqco hxByyBlCbv diaq-^ 
Tidoai rolg ^^'EllrjCiiv BnsrQeipe nlrjv dvdQanddajv. 
hip^ dh Olrog nolvg xal TiQo^ara xal alia /p^^«Ta. 



LIB. II. CAP. IV. V. G3 

^Evrevd-ev d' enoQBvd^aav oraS-fMovg i^rifiovg 28 
rhraQag naQaodyyag aixooi rdv Tiy^rjia nora/udv 
iv a^Kfrtg^ s/ovteg. iv de rw tiqcoto) oraS-fM^p 
Tti^av rov nora/iov nokig wxelro /leydkri xal ev^ 
dalfi(ov ovofia Kaivai, i§ fig ot ^aQ^aQoi difiyov 
ini (X/£(f/a^^ SKpOsQivaig agrcovg, rvQavg, olvov. 

V. Meta rairc acpixvovvxai enl xbv Zanarav 
7t<ytafji6vy TO sv^og rertaQory nXi&QCUv. xavravS-^ 
€/LUivav tifiBQag TQsig' iv dk xavraig vnoxplai uky 
7](fav, qHXVBQa (f ovdsuia icpaiv^o kni^ovhri. edo^ev 2 
oiry Tip KXeaQXV (^vyyey€0&ai T(p Tiaaa(piQVBiy h 
nwg diJvaiTo navaai rag vnoyjiag, tiqIv i^ avrdry 
TioXefiOfv yeriaO-ar xal htefirfje riv e^ovrS-^ Sri atjy- 
yeyiaO-ai axrt(p /p^^w. 6 d" holfuog ixilevev rjxeiv. 3 
inei&fj dk awfjld-oVy liyei 6 KkeaQ^og rdde. 

^Eyd)^ & Tioaaq)6Qvri, olda /uev tj/llIv S^xovg 
yeyevrifiiyovg xal de^iag dsdo/uivag /llt] ddixi^Oeiv aA- 
Xi^lovg' <pvlaTr6/Li€vov dk oi &* oqw d)g noke/uovg 
rifidgy xal rifielg Sptbrreg %ai/t dvriqwIaTTo/uS'a. 
inel dh Oxonibv ov dvva/Lcai oike (Sh aloS-iod-ai tih-- 4 
^(biieror rifidg xax(bg noieiVy eyd) re (Jaq>(bg old' (hi 
rifjuig y ovd^ kmvoovfi^ roioirtov ovdiv, k'do^i fioi 
^ig Xoyovg Cot ' ekS-elv^ ihccog ei dvyaifxa^ i^iloifier 
^xkkrilwv rify djiiOriav, xal yaQ old^ dv&Qdmovg 6 
TJdfj Tovg ukv ex diu^oXrjg rovg de xal Jf vjiotpiag, 
ihi (po^rid-eyrsg dllrjXovg q>S'd(Jai ^ovX6/u€voi nqlv 
naS-slv inoirjoar dvrixe(na xaxd rovg ovre /LtiXlovrag 
out Slv ^ov}Mfjisvovg zoiovrov ovdev. rag ovv Tot- 6 
avrag dyvco/LcoOvvag vofjLiC,oJV Owovoiaig /Lcdh(Tr 



G4 LIB. II. CAP. V. 

civ TiavBOd^ai i'l'/co) y.al diddaxtip as ^ovlo/Ltai (bg Ov 

7 Tj/uir ovx dQ&ojg aniGrelg, TTQwrov /Ltev yccQ y.al 
jLuyiOTor ol &B(bv r^jiidg o(jxoi xcolvovoi noks/Lciovg 
ehuL d'/jJiloig' oarig dh tovtwv Gvyoidev airtdo TiaQt}^ 
/uelrjxwgf roi/tov iyco ovtiot av svdaifJLOvioaifii. 
xhv yoLQ S-aibv tcoXs/uov ovx old' ovr and noiov av 
rd/^ovg (pevycov rig aTtocpvyoi ovx' slg nolov av 
GxoTog dnodQaitj ovxF Hnayg av slg s^VQdv x^Q^^^ 
dnoOxairi. ndvrr] yd^ ndvra roTg S^soig vTioxeiQia 

8 xal navraxfl ndvriov ioov ol S-sol XQarovoi. ttsqi 
/Lcsv Si] T(bv S-scbv ys, na^j ovg ij/uslg ttjv q)L)Uav 
Gvv&sjbisvot xarsS-s/LcsS-a, ovrct) yiyvcboxio' r(bv S* 
dv&qvoTxivoiv oh sy<h sv rtb naQovri vojuiCw jlls-- 

9 yiOTov sivai rifuv dyaS^ov. avv fisv yaQ Ool ndaa 
juLSV odbg svnoQog, nag ds nora/tog dia^ardg, xwr 
t' snixtjSsicDv ovx dnoQia' c(vsv ds Gov ndGa fjiev 
did Gxoxovg 17 oiJog' oi)dsv yaQ avjTjg sniGxa-- 
fisiya* nag ds noxa/tidg dvGnogogy nag d^ (ix^^S 
cpo^sQog, q)o^sQ(i)xaxov d' sQTj/uia' jLuGxij yap noX- 

10 kfjg dnoQiag sGxiv. si ds dij xal /aavsvxsg G^ dno- 
XTslvaijLcsv, alio xi av i] xbv svsQysxrjv dnoxxsl- 
vavxsg nqog ^aoiksa xbv /LcsyiGxov scpsdpov dywvir- 
l^oljLis&a; 8g(jdv ds di} xal oYvdv av slnidcov s/uavxbv 
GxsQrjGai/Lciy si Gs XI xaxbv snix€iQi^oai/Lti noisiv, 

11 xavxa ki^(x). syo) yaQ Kvqov snsS^/urjGd /lloi q)l'- 
lov ysvsG&ai, vo/ul^cov xojv xoxs ixavcbxaxov slvai 
si noislv bv ^ovloixo' Gk dk vvv oqw xr^v xs Kijqov 
dvvafjLiv xal x^9^^ sxovxa xal xrjv Gavxov Gdh- 
^ovxa, xTjv ds ^aGiXsvog dvva/uiv, fi KvQog noks/uia 



LIB. II. CAP. V. 65 

exQT{tOy (Jol ravTrjv ov/u/uaxov ovaav. tovtcdv dk i^ 
Toiovrcov dvrwv rig ovrco /ualverai, Scrig ov /Sot;- 
'keiai aol cpiXog elvai; dkka jlltiv sqw ys xal xairt 
i§ &v t/co iknidag xal oh ^ovlrjOeoS-ai q)lXoy rifuv 
elvai. olda fiev yccQ vfuv Mvaovg ItmrjQovg ovrag, i3 
ovg vofjiiQu} av avv rfj naQovorj dt/yd/Lc^i raneivovg 
Vfuy TtaQaaxelv olda dk xal Uioldag' dxo'dio ds 
xal aiX sS^rj nolXd roiai/t elvaiy ct olfuii av nav- 
Oai ho/Xovvr asl rfj VfietiQa svdai/itovia. Aiyv- 
Tttiovg d\ olg iudhG&* v/udg nvvS-dvofiai tsl^v/lco)- 
/Ltevovg, oifx ^Qa> noia dvvdfjiBi av/u/udxcp xQV^(^/^^oi 
jiiallov &v xoXdoaioS^e rfjg vvr ovv i/uol ovorjg. 
dlld fj/jfp^ 6v ye rolg tibqi^ otxovoi Ov el /lcsv ^ov- u 
loi6 rip epilog elvai, (hg fieyKnog av eXrig, el ds rig 
OS IvTioirjf dyg deOTtdrrjg av dvaorpicpoio ex(iiv ri/Ltdg 
VTtriQirag, ol Ool ovx av rov /uiaihov evexa /llovov 
vnrjQeroi/Ltev, dXld xal rffi x^Q^'^^^ W oco&ivreg vnb 
Oov Ool otv Bxoi/jiBv dixaicog. i/uol fihv r aire a ndvr 15 
evS^fiovfihtp ovrio doxel S-av/uaOrov elvat rb oh 
rifiiv djiiOreiVy &OrB xal ijdior av dxovoai/ui rig ov- 
rcog iorl detvbg Xeysiv, wore Ob TiBloai )Jy(i)v d)g 
rifiBlg Ooi BTit^ovlBVOjLtBv. KkiaQxog f^hv ovv rooai/c 
bItcb' TiOOacpBQvrig d^ &d^ dnTjfiBiq)&r]. 

l^ll^ TJdo/uai /LtBVf & KkiaQx^y dxoviov Oov q)QO- 16 
vifiovg Idyovg' ravra yaQ yiyviAoxcov bY ri b/lioI 
xaxbv ^ovlBiJoig, afx av fjLOi doxsTg xal Oavrw xa- 
xovovg Bivai. (hg d^ av /ud&rjg on ovd^ av v/uBig 
dixaicog ovtb ^aOiXsl oiir b/lloI dniOrolr, dvrd- 
xovoov. BL yaQ Vfidg i/^ovlofiBS-^ d7io)Aoaiy n&tBQ 17 

XcDophontis Anabasis. 6 



66 LIB. II. CAP. V. 

(Iv dot doxov/Lcey Inmcov nki^S-ovg anoqelv i] Tiel^wv 
7] dTtlloecog h fj v/Lcdg fjihv ^Xdmeiv Ixavol eiri/uev 

18 aVf dvTinaOx^BLV d^ ovdelg xivdvpog; aXka ;fa>p/a>7^ 
i7tiTi]d€icov vfiiv bitrid'eGD'ai ojioqsIv av Ooi doxov- 
/u€v; ov ToOairva /Lcev nedia v/Lcslg (piha ovra Ovv 
Tiolkcp ndrip dtaTioQevead^s, rooaxjra d^ Sqri oQdS'^ 
Vfuv bvra V7i€Q/3arsa, a rifiiv €§€(JTi Tipoxaraka- 
^ovOiv anoQa vfilv naQex^tv, toOovtol d^ elol no- 
xafjiol ecp" &v e^eoriv tj/uIv rafiteveod-mf bnoGoig av 
Vfi(bv /Sovkw/LceO-a /Ltdx^od-ai; elol d" avxojv ovg 
ovd^ &v navranaoi dia^airfte, el fiii rifAslg vfidg 

19 dtanoQBVoifji^. el d^ ev ndoi rovroig rjTTip/Lte&a, 
dlXd r6 ye roi nvQ XQelrror rov xaQTiov e&tiv, Sv 
rifislg dwaijueS-^ dv xaraxavCavreg kifibv vfjCiv avri- 
rd^ai, ^ v/Ltelg ovd^ el ndvv dyaS^ol eirfce fJidx^(J&ai 

20 av dvvaiO&e. ncbg av ovv e^ovreg roOovrovg no- 
Qovg ngbg rd Vfuv noke/uelv, xal tovtcdv /Ltrideva 
Tj/Ltlv tiixivdwoVy eneiT ex tovtwv ndvxcov rovrov 
dv xbv TQonov e^eloi/LLeS-^ og /uovog /lev n^bg S-eibv 

21 dOe/3rjg, fjiovog de n^bg dvS-Qcbnwv alO/^Qog; navxd- 
naOi d^ dnoQWv ioxl xal d/Lttjxdvwv xal ev avdyxfi 
exo/LcevcoVf xal xovxa)v novrjQWV, oYxiveg eS-elovOi 
di enioQxiag xe nQog S-eovg xal dmoxiag nQog dv- 
d-Qibnovg ngaxxeiv xi. ot»/ ovxayg '^fielg, & KX4- 

22 «9/6, oijx* dX6yi(noi ovx^ ri'/d&ioi eOuev. dlka xi 
di] vfidg e^bv dnokeaai ovx kit xoi/t ijk&oiuev; ev 
Ya&^ 3x1 6 e/Ltbg eQCog xoijxov aixiog xov xe xoig 
"^'EkkriOiv e/Lck niOxov yeveoS-ai, xal (p Kvqog dvi^rj 
^evix(p did /LiiO&odooiag niaxevcov, xovx(p e/Lte xaxa- 



LIB. II. CAP. V. 67 

^rjvai di" evsQ/eoiag Io/vqov. oOa d^ ifiol x^QrfiiiLtoi 23 
Vfielg BGTa, xa (ikv xal av einag, rb de fieyiGTov lyib 
olda* TTjf fjihv yaQ inl rfj xe(pakf] riaQav ^aOiXel 
ju6v(p s^eCTLv oQSijv ax^iVy ttjv S^ inl rfj xaQdl(ji 
iawg av V(ji(bv naqovxwv xal etsQog ednsribg s^oi. 

Tai/t sinayv edo^e Tip KledpxV ^^V^ Isysiv 24 
xal einev' Ovx ovv, Bcprj, omvsg roiovrcov rifuv elg 
q)iXiav vTiaQx^^^^^ neiQwvrai dia/SaXkovreg noLtjaai 
noke/Ltiovg '^/Ltdg, a^ioi elcsi xa eoxara naS-slv; Kdycb 25 
/LL€v y J %(pr\ 6 Ti(S(Sa(piqv7\gy d ^o'i'ktoSr^ Ifiol oi re 
OTQaxriYol xal 01 koxayol OvvelS-siv, iv x(p ejucpavel 
kۤ(jo xoijg TiQog Sills "kiyovxag (bg Ov euol hn^ov^ 
iBveig xal xfj Ovv i/Ltol axQaxia. ^Eyco S\ acpri 6 26 
KXiaQX^Sf cc^o^ ndvxag, xal Col av drilwaco HS-sv 
iyo) tibqI Gov dxovio. ex xovxcov Stj xcbv Idywv 27 
6 TiOOa(peQvrjg cpi'koq)QOvovfi^og xoxe fjihv /usveiv 
t' avxbv exekavce xal ovvdemvov inoii^Gaxo. 

Tfj (J' vGT€Qai(jc 6 KkeaQX^9 ik&cDv inl xd axga-- 
xonedov dfjlog x ^ navv (fikvx(bg olofi^og dia^ 
xaiod-ai xcp TiOGa<p€QV€i xal a ilsyev ixelvog anriy^ 
yeilev, ecpi] xs XQW^'' ihai na^d TioaacpBQvrp^ ovg 
ixeXevae, xal oi av iXayxS'OjOi dia^dXlovxsg x(bv 
"^EkhfivcjVy fhg nQodorag avxovg xal xaxovovg xoig 
"^'ElktjGiv bvxag XL/ucoQrjO'fjvai. vnconxeve d^ elvav 28 
xov dux^dklovxa Mevcova, etdcDg airtbv xal Id&Qa 
ovyyeyevrj/Lievov TiCaacpBQVBi fi^^ ^Aqiaiov xal oxa- 
maQovx* avxq> xal ini^ovXsvovxa, Sncog x6 ax^d- 
xsv/Lca ndv nqbg avxbv Xa/iwv epilog fj Tioaacpi^vei. 
i^ovksro dh xal 6 KXiaQX^g Sinav xb axQdx€V/Lca 29- 

6* 



60 LIB. II. CAP. IV. 

{lyjog d^ mardv* /Lcfjxog d^ elsyer^ elvai eiy.oai naQa-- 
aayywv ani/^ei de Ba/ivXwvog ov nolv. 

13 ^EvTevLf-ev d^ inoQevS^Oav axa&fiovg dvo naQa- 
adyyag oxrcb ' xai du^riCav ScwQvxccg Svo, rrp^ /ukv 
enl yecpVQagy rrp^ S^ H^svy/Lcevriv nkoioig kmrd' avrai 
d^ riOav and rov TiyQrp:og nora/uov' zar^hfirprto 
d^ ۤ avTOJv xal rdcpQoi eitl ttjv x^dyQav, at fiey 
7iQ(brai fieyaXai, snsixa (J' iXdrrovg' rsXog ds xal 
fjLiXQol ox^oi, &07t€Q Bv TT] "^ EkXddi €7il Tccg jLcsXivag' 
xai dcpixvovvxai ml rov Tiy^rfta noxafiov nqog w 
nohg Tfy /Lteydlri xai nolvdvd-Qconog, oro/ua ^T^r- 
rdxT], dnixovoa rov nora/Liov Oradiovg nevrexaidexa, 

14 ol jLtev ovv ""EXXrp^eg na^ avrrjv iaxrjvrjiyav ayyvg 
TiaQadsioov fieyd'kov xai xakov xai daoiog navroioyv 
TiltiS-si devd^cov, ot dh ^d^^aQoi dia^e^Tjxdreg rov 
Tiy^rpca' ov jLtevroL xaxacpavelg rjOav. 

15 Msrd de ro delnvov arv/ov sv nsQiTtaTO) ovreg 
nqb T(bv oTiXcov IlQo^eyog xai Zsvoq)cbv' xai tiqoO" 
eX&cov avS-QWTiog rig i^QcbrrjOe Toi)g 7iQoq)vlaxag nov 
av YdoL Uqo^bvov i] Klea^x^ov* Mevcova S^ ovx i^'J^- 
TBI, xai taiha na^ l^Qiaiov a)v rov Mivcovog ^fi- 
le vov. sTtsi de IJQo^svog sinev bn avrog bI/lli ov 

^TfVBlg, bItcbv avB-Qoyjiog rddB. ""EjiBfjiipB ft b ^Aqi- 
alog xai ^Qrdol^og, maroi ovrBg Kvqco xai vfuv 
BVVOL, xai xbXbvovOl cpvXdxTBO&aiy /Lcij v/lcIv btu&vjv-^ 
rat rfjg vvxrbg ol ^dQ^aqor bOtl dh OrgdrBV/Lca 
17 TToXv BV rd) nkrjolov naQadBtOio, xai naQcc rriv ye-- 
(pVQav rov TiyQtjrog nora/uov TiBf^xpai xbIbvovci 
cpvlaxriVy (bg diavoBlrai avrrjv Ivaai TiOOacpBQvrig 



\ 



LIB. II. CAP. IV. 61 

r7]g vvxrdGy idcv dvvrfraiy (bg /uij dia^ffcs ajX ev 
jLceaip aJiolriq)&ffte rov Tiorajuov xal rijs diWQVxog. 
axovoavreg rai/t ayovoiv avrbv naQa rdv KksaQ/^ov i8 
Ttal (pQo^ovcfLV a Xeyeu 6 da KHaQx^G dxovoag 
sraQd/S'Tj a<p6dQa xal ecpoPaho. veavioxog di rig 19 
T(bv TiaQorrcov ivvorjOag slnev (bg ovx dxolovO^a 
eitj TO T eJuS^OeG&ai xal Ivaeiv ttj^ yi(pvQav. 
d'fjkov yaQ ihi bitd-e/MVovg i] vixdv dsrjOsi. i] rft- 
rdaO^ai. sdv fiev ovv vixtboiy ri del hjeiv av- 
Tovg Ttp/ yecpVQuv; ovdh ydQ av nokkal yscpVQai 
&GiVy €xoijLt€v otv Snot cpvyovreg rifiBlg owS-ojiluv. 
iav S^ rifieig vixd>/Liey, XsXv/icivrjg zfig yBq)V^ag ov/ 20 
ۤovOiv ixeivoi bnoi (pvyoiCiv ovdh /uijv ^orjS^Oai 
noXkCbv SvTCJv niqav ovdelg avrolg dm/tiasrai kskv- 
/Lcsrrjg Trjg y€(pvQag. axovoag d^ 6 KlsaQx^S rccvra 21 
iJQ^o rbr olyysXov, TidOrj rig sir] ;fc6pa iy sv fieocp 
Tov Tly^TjTog xal rfig duoQvxog. 6 d^ bItibv iirti 
TiolXrj xal xw/Lcai eveidi xal ndXeig noXXal xal fiBr- 
ydlai. r&vs di] xal eyviba&ri iki 01 ^aQ^aQoi rov 22 
OLvS-QOJTiov vnonejbLyjBLaVy oxvovvreg firi ol ""Ellrjveg 
dieXovreg rrp^ y6q)VQav /LtslvsLav sv rfj vrjocp sQV/uar^ 
sxovrsg tv&sv /asv rdv TiyQTfva, sr&sv Ss rrjv Sid)" 
QV^a ' rd d^ biixridsia sxoisv sx Tfjg sv /LLsOq) ;f c6p«g 
Tiokkfjg xal dya&fjg ovOrjg xal rwv SQyaOo/usvajv 
eyovrarv' sir a ds xal oJioarQoqyfi ysvoir sX rig ^o'd- 
"koiro ^adilia xaxwg noislv. /LLsrd M ravr dvs- 2a 
Tia'dovro' snl /isvroi rijv ysq)VQav o/u(vg (pvXaxrjv 
Unsfjirfjav' xal oi)r bisS-^o ovdslg oifSafioS-ev ovrs 
TiQdg rifv ysq)VQav ovdslg ^k&s rojv nols/uiwv, (bg 



70 LIB. II. CAP. V. VI. 

anoiJkvG&ai rovg inioQXovvrag' IlQd^evog de xal 
Merwv kidnaQ elaiv vfjuhe^oi /llcv svsQyerai, rj/its- 
TBQOL dh (STQaTtiyoi, TiifjLxfjat' avrovg dei^o' dfjlov 
yaQ bxi (pilot y ovxag afiqxrcsQOig TCBiQaOovTai xai 
42 v/Ltlv xal rj/ulv ra ^ekciora av/Lc^ovlsvOai. ngbg 
ravS-^ 01 ^(XQ^aQoi nolvv xQovov dialex&svreg aA- 
Xrikoig dnrjXO'OV ovdev dTioxQivdjLisvoi. 

VI. 01 /Ltkv dr] OTQarriYol ovrw hricp&evTeg 
dvTjxS^Oav wg ^aCiXea xal dnor/urjS'ivreg rdg xe^ 
(paldg hslsvrrjcfav, slg /uev avrwv KMaQ/^og 6/lloIo^ 
yov/uivcog ht ndvrcov rwv i/LcnsiQCog avrov ixovrcov 
do^ag ysvaoS-ai dvijQ xal nols/uixdg xal cpiXonoXs/Ltog 

2 io/drcog. xal yoLQ dij ecog jusv Tidle/Lcog ffy rolg 
Aaxedaifiovioi^g TiQog rovg j4&rjvalovg Ttapi/LteveVf 
ineidtj (J' aiQi^vr] iyevero, dvanaioag rip^ avxov nokiv 
wg 01 0Q^xeg ddixovoi rovg "^'Eklrp^ag xal dianQa- 
§d/Ltavog (bg idvvaro na^d rcbv iq)6Qa)v i^enlsi^ d)g 
Tioks/Lci^acDv rolg vtcbq XsQQOvrjOov xal UeQivS-ov 

3 Oqcc^Iv. knel dh /Ltetayvdvreg ncog ol ecpOQoi rjdri 
€^0) ovrog dJioOrQsq^eiv avrdv ensiQWvro i^ ^loS-fjioVy 
evravS-^ ovxhi nsid-ecai, dkX" ^X^^ tiUcdv slg 'Elli^a^ 

4 novrov. ex rotirov xal i&avardbSi] vnd rwv iv 
2^7idqrtfi rekcbv d)g dTiaiB-ibv. rjdrj dh <pvydg &v cp- 
Xsrai TiQbg Kvqov, xal onoiotg /uev koyoig eneiaa 
KvQov dilri yayQaTirai, didvoai d^ avr(p KvQog fiv-- 

6 ^lovg daQ€ixovg' 6 dh Xa^wv ovx knl Qa&vfjblav 
evQdnero, dXV dnb rovrwv rcbv /(^tj^cxtco^^ avXke^ag 
(fTQarav/ua hioXefiei rolg 0Q(f§l, xal /Ltdxu r hixrjae 
xal uTib rovrov dij eq)€Q€ xal ly/a rovrovg xal no- 



LIB. 11. CAP. VI. 71 

Is/Liwv dieysv^o, fie^Qi^ Kvqoq ederi&ri rov OrQarev- 
/LLarog' rdrs d^ dnfjlS^sv <hg ovv ixsivip av TtoXe/LLtiaajy. 
ravT ovv (poXonole/btov fioi doxsl avdQog i^ya alvai, 6 
oOrig e^bv /ukv slQtjvrjv ay sir clvsv alo/vvrjg xal 
^kdjirig aiQslrai noXs/Ltelv, i^ov dk QCjc&v/uelv ^ov- 
levat novelv wars noXe/LcslVy i^ov ds X9V/^^^^ e/siv 
dxivdiJV(og alQslrai noXe/aajv fjisiova tavra noielv* 
exelvog d^ &a7i€Q rivhg etg binor^ocpiav ij stg aklnf\v 
XIV rjdovrjv rjS-sls danavdv elg tioIsjliov. ovtw /tiev 7 
q)iko7i6k€/LLog ^' nole/btixog d^ av ravrrj edoxst sivai 
dri (pikoxlvStrvoQ t* ^v xal rifjUQag xal vvxrcbg dyiov 
bit rovg TioXs/Lciovg xal iv rolg deivolg cpQovifiogy 
WQ oi TiaQovxeg navraxov navreg (b/Lcokoyovv. xal 8 
ap/i^cdg rf' ileyexo slvai (bg dvvarbv ex rov rocovrov 
TQonov olov xaxslvog sIxbv. Ixavbg /Lch yccQ ojg rig 
xal alXog (pQovril^eLV r[Vy ikiiog h^oi rj OTQarid avrcb 
rdnirtridBLa, xal na^aaxevoS^BLv Tairva, Ixavbg dh xal 
i/unoirjodi rolg naQOVotv (bg Tceicfxeov sltj KkeaQ^tJO. 
rovTo S* kfioisi BX rov x^Xenbg slvar xal yaQ oQdv 9 
(Ttvyvbg tjv xal t?J cpcjvfj XQaxvg, ixdla'Ci r to^v^ 
Q(bg, xal dQyf] eviors, ujOtb xal avrcb fiezafjiekeiv 
aC&' 8rs. xal yvcbfirj d^ ixolaCev' dxoXdorov ydg lo 
orQarevjLcarog ovdiv riyelr ocpa'kog elvai, dlld xal 
"keyeiv avrbv scpaoav, (bg deoi rbv (JrQaricbrriv <po- 
^alc&ai fidilov rbv of^/orra r/ rovg noXe/ulovg, et 
fjUXkoi i] cpvlaxdg q)v)A^eiv r/ cpilcov d(fB^eO&ai i] 
dTiQocpacylcfrcog thai n^bg rovg noXB/btiovg. iv /uav ii 
ovv rolg daivolg rfd-slov avrov dxoveiv (Scpodqa xal 
ovx av oiXXov fiQovvS-^ ol orQaricbrai' xal yd^ rb 



72 LIB. 11. CAP. VI 

(fTvyvdv Tore cpaidQov iv avrov xdv roig cllloig 
TiQOOdmoLQ acpaOav q)alvBO&ai xal to j^aksnov aQQiv- 
fjihov TiQos Tovg noXefiiovg edoxei elvaiy wots aojtir^- 

12 Qior, ovxsTi xakenov icpaivsTO' ore d' e^co rov devvov 
yhoivTo xal i^sir] nqbg aXkov aq^ofjihovg amhaij 
Tiolkol avrbv anekHTiov' t6 ycnQ inlxccQL ovx el/^ev, 
&}X ael /^aXsjtbg tjv xal db/udg' &(JT€ dUxeivTo TiQog 
avTov 01 (TTQaTidfTai &07teQ naldeg TiQog diddoxaXov. 

13 xal yaQ ovv cpiliq. /ukv xal evvoic^ ino/Lteyovg ovde^ 
Tioi' elx^' oiTiveg d' i] vno nokecog Terayusvoi ij 
vno Tov dslG&ai i] ciXlrj Tivl avayxji ^o^'texofjisvoi 

u TtaQsTey avrwy ocpodQa TCei&ofjihoig ^qtjto. hxal 
d' ccQ^aivTo vixav ahv airtw roijg nols/uiovg, rjdi] 
/Lceydka rp^ rd ^Qriol/jiovg noLOvvra elvai Tovg oiv 
avTip OTQaTid)Tag' to tb y^Q ^Qog Tovg noke/uiovg 
S-aQQakecDQ sx^iv naQfjv xal r6 Tijv naQ* ixsivov ti- 

16 jucoQiav cpo^elod'ai evTaxrovg bxoiei. Toiovrog jbthv 
di] aQ^oiv f(y' aQXsG&ai d^ vn akkcov ov /adV iO-e^ 
kstv ikeysTo. fiv d' or hekevra djLiq)l to, nertrj- 

XOVT tTTj. 

16 n^o^evog d^ 6 BoicoTiog svSi^g tbthv jneiQdxcov 
&v eneS-Vfiei ysveod-ai dvrjQ to, /Lcsydka nQdrreiv 
ixarog' xal did Tavrtjv Trjv sTiL&vfjiiav edioxe Fogyicf, 

17 aQyvQLov T(p AeovTivcp. inel dh avvsyever^ exeivip, 
Ixavbg vojLtloag ijSrj elvai xal ciQ/^eiv xal (pikog wr 
Tolg TiQibToig /lctj rifcrdaS-ai svsQyerwv, rik&ev etg 
Tavrag Tag Ovv KvQip TtQd^eig' xal oiero xn^OeoS-ai 
ax TovTiov ovo/Lta /asya xal duva/uiv jLLsydkriv xal 

IS XQV/^(^'^<^ TToAAa* ToaovTCDv d' kxi&vfji(bv 0(p6dQa 



LIB. II. CAP. VI. 73 

evdrilov av xal rovro sixsv, on rovrwv odder &v 
eS^eloi XTdad-ai /llst^ adixiagy aXXa Ovv rip dixaicp 
xal xalib wsro delv rovrcov rvy/dveiv, avev Se 
TovTO)v fji7\. aqy(^Hv dh xaXwv /lc€v xayad'(bv dwarog 19 
ijr, oi) /uivroi oirc aldcb rolg OTQariwraig iavrov 
ovT€ cpo^ov Ixavbg iianoifjOaL, alia xal fjO^vv^o 
fiallov Tovg axQaxubrag i] ol d^x^/^^^oi ixslvov 
xal q)o^ovjLcevog judkkov rp^ cpavegbg to anexd-aveGS-ai 
rolg OTQaridbraig i] ol CTQariwraL to amarelv ixsivcp, 
qtero d^ d^xelv n^bg rb uQx^xbv eivai xal doxelv rbv 20 
jLchv xalwg noiovvra maivelv, rbv (J' ddixovvra /Lcrj 
knaivelv. roiyaQovv avrcp ol /uev xakoi re xdya&ol 
rcov owovrcov svvol riaav, ol d^ adixoi ine^ovlevov 
wg evfieraxsiQicJrw 8vru Hre d^ dnedi^rioxev rp^ hojv 
d)g TQiaxovra. 

Mh(Dv (J' 6 O^vrakbg dfjlog ijv kii&vfMibv /uh 21 
nXovrelv loxvQwg, kiiSnj/u(bv d^ aQx^^^y oncog nksiw 
la/u/^dvoi, inidv/Lcwv dk ri/idoS-aif iva nlsio) xsq- 
daivor q)ilog t* i/iovXsro elvai rolg /LciyKTrov dwa- 
fiivoig, IV ddixibv firj didoiri dixrjv. krcl dh rb 22 
xaregydl^soS-aL atv iTCi&v/uoii] owrofjiwrdrrp/ cpsro 
bdbv elvav Sid rov hiLOQxelv re xal yjevdsO&ai xal 
a^ojiardv, rb d^ dnlovv xal dXrj&hg ravrbv rip riki- 
d-icp elvai. OriQycJv dk q)aveQbg /llsv tjv ovdeva, 23 
brip dh q)alri q)ilog elvai, rovro) evSrjlog iylyv^o 
sTti^ovXevwv. xal nole/uiov /aev ovdsvbg xarsyiXa, 
ra)v dh Owovrcov ndvrwv (bg xarayslwv del duXi- 
yero. xal rolg /ahv r(bv Jiols/Lcicov xri^/LtaOiv ovx 24 
€7i6^ovl6V6' ;faA£7r6^ yaQ cisro eivac rd rcbv cpv^ 



74 LIB. II. CAP. VI. 

Xarro/Lcevcov Xafi/Sdveiv xa dl rwv (pilcov /aovog cost 
26 eldhai Qaorov bv acpyXazza lafi^dvsiv. xal oOovg 
/Lcev aio&dvoiTo emoQZovg xal adUovg, wg sv (hTikt- 
Cfjihovg iq)o/3€lTO, rolg (J' ooioig xal dKri&etav doxovOiv 

26 (bg dvdvdQoig kjiei^dro ;fpijcrdat. {dOtibq da rig 
d/dlkerai kii S-Bode^eici xal dltidslcc xal Sixaiorijn, 
ovTO) Msvvov riYdlXezo rtb i^ajcardv dvvao&aiy r(p 
TikdOaoS-ai yjevdrj, rdo cpiXovg diayekdv rbv dh 
fjii] navovQyov tojv dnaidevrijjv del ivo/LciCev stvai. 
xal TiaQ^ olg /llsv inexBiQei 7iQ(OT€Vsir q)ili(f, dia- 
^dlkcov Tovg TiQWTovg Toirt cp^o delv XTrjOaaO-au 

27 TO dh TieL&o/Lcsvovg rovg OTQaxiibxag naQexeoO-ai ex 
xov Ovvadixelv avrolg ijLtrjxcc^dro. rifJidaS-av dh xal 
S-eQanevBO&ai ri^iov iniSsixvvfisvog bri nkeiora dv- 
vaiTo xal aS-ekoi ovvadixelv, eve^ysoiav dh xaxekeyav, 
oTioxa xig avxov dcpioxacxo, oxi xQibfjiavag avxcp ovx 

29 dnibkaOav avxov. dno&vrjoxovxwv da xcbv cfvaxQa-- 
xriycov Hxi ioxQdxavOav anl ^aoikaa avv KvQcp, 
xavxd nanoLrjXcog ovx dnaS^ava, /Lcaxd dh xov xcbv 
cikkcjv S^dvaxov xi/LiwQi]d'alg vno ^acSikao)g oJiaS-avaVy 
ovx tt^^^^P KkaaQxog xal ol cikkoi axQaxtj^ol dno- 
XjLci]&avxag xdg xacpakdg^ oOtibq xd/iOxog &dvaxog 



28 Y.ai xic jxev di] dq)av^ a^eaxi tisqI ai)TOv tpav- 
daad'ai, 8 da navzag Haaav xdd^ iaxL na^ ^AqiaxiTtnov 
\iav axi d)QaTog iov axQaTrjyatv dianqd^axo t&v ^avcov, 
IdtQiaicp dh ^aq^&qt^ hvri, on iiaiqa-^ioLg xakoTg fjdaxOy 
olyiaidraxog iyavaxo, aixdg da TtaiScKd fil/fi QaqvTtav dye- 
vaiog S)v yavaiwvxa. 



LIB. II. CAP. VI. — LIB. III. CAP. I. 75 

doxel BLvaiy aila l^ibv alxiaS-elg eviavrdv (bg TiovtjQdg 
Xeyevac rfjg rekei/c^g rvx^lv. 

l^yiag (^ 6 l^Qxag xal 2!(OKQdTrjg 6 ^Axo^i^g 30 
xal rovTO) dTtsS-avirrjv. tovtcdv d^ ov&* wg ev no- 
Xi/LLip xaxibv ovdeig xaTeyala oi/c etg (pvXlav avrovg 
efjiSfxcp^o. rjcnrp^ rf' a/uq)w afjiq>i ra Tieyre xai 
TQidxovT ertj and ysrscig. 



r. 

I. 'Ensi d^ 01 arQarriyol aweilri/u/LL€roL rjOav 2 
xal Twv Xo^ayibv xai rcbv (TtQaTicoTwr ot ovvstil- 
07i6/i€voi dnooXwleaav, iv noXkfi (JVy dnoQiif fioav ol 
^'Ekkrp^sg, svvoov/uevoi /ikv bri enl ralg ^aoikiwg 
d-VQaig ijOar, xvxlcp cJ' aiiroig ndrrji nolkd xal 
sS^T] xal ndketg nolsfjiiai rjCav, dyoqdv d^ ovSslg 
eri 7iaQ€^€iv e/LLsXkey, dnelxov ds Trig ^Ellddog ov 
fjLelov 7] fjLVQia (Ttddia, ^^ye/Liajv d^ ovdelg rrjg odov 
rfyy Tcortafjiol dh dielQyov dSid/iaroi iv /uiow rfjg 
oixad^ Sdov, 7iQovdsdd)X€Cfav d^ avrovg xal ol avv 
KvQip dva^dvreg ^dg^aQoi, /llovoi dh xaraleXsifi/ueroi 
flOav ovd^ Ijinia ovdeva Ovfifiayiov e/ovrsgy ojor 
eiidrikov ijv ihi vixcbvrsg /Ltev ovdey dv xaraxdvoiev, 
"^rtiS-evTCov d^ avr(bv ovSelg av keiq)S'€iri' ram 3 



1 "Oca liikv dij iv rfj Kvqov dvafidast ol ^'Ellr^vsg 
htQa^av iiB%QL T^g fJ^xV^y ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ KvQog ixeXev- 
TTjasv iyivero dTtidvnav rcov *^EXXt^v(ov ahv Tiaaacpaqvei 
iv ralg OTtovdatg, iv T(p Ttqda&ev X6y(^ dedrjkwTai, 



76 LIB. III. QAP. I. 

ivvoo'^iusvoi zal dS-v/Lccos exovreg oUyoi /Lcev avrcbv 
slg TTiv iamQav olrov eyevcavroy okiyoi dh tcvq 
avexavoavy btl da ra Snla noXlol ovx ^h^ov rav- 
ri]v Ti]v vvxra, dvanavovTo d^ bnov irvyx^vev 
exaOTOQy ov dwd/LLevoi xa&Bvdeiv vnb kijTirjg xal 
noS^ov nar^idcovy yovicov, yvvaix(bVy naidwv, ovg 
ovnoT^ hofjiiCov m oyjeoS-at. ovrco fiev dri dia- 
xai/Lcavoi navreg avenavovro. 

4 ^Hv da rig av xfi OTQarid Zavoq)ajv l^d-rjvaTog, og 

ovra OTQaxriYbg oiira "koxaybg ovra OZQaTKbrrjg wv 
OvvrixokovS-aL, dlld IlQoSavog avrov fietanaf^iparo oi- 
xoS-av §avog cbv aQxalog* vniOxvalxo d^ avTq>, at ak&oi, 
cpiXov airtbv Kvqco Ttoirjaaiv, 8v avrbg aq)r] XQalrro) 

6 aavTO) vofiUQaiv Ttjg naxQidog. 6 /uivroL S'avoq)ajv dva- 
yvovg rrp^ anioroliiv dvaxoivovrai SivxQdrai r(p l^&rj^ 
vaitp Tiaql rfjg noQsiag. xal 6 ScjXQdrrig vnomeijaag, 
jLcrj XL TiQbg xfjg nokawg vnaLxiov airi Kvq(x> (pLkov 
yavaaS^aif Sxi adoxai 6 KvQag TiQo&vjLiCDg xoig Aaxa- 
daifJiovioig anl xdg ^A&ijvag av/Lcnoka/Lifjaai, ov/lc^ov- 
laTjai x(p Zavoifcbvxi aXd-drt" alg ^aXq)ovg dvaxoivibaai 

6 x(p S-acp naql xfjg noQaiag. aXS-oyv rf' 6 S^ocpibv 
€7ii]Q€X0 xbv l^noilw xivi av S-awv &vo}v xal avxd- 
/larog xdkXiOxa xal aQiOt* al&oi xijv odbv ify aTii- 
voal xal xalcbg ngd^ag (TtoS-alrj. xal dvalXar avxw 

7 6 j47i6llwv d-aolg olg adai &vaLV. anal di ndhv 
^Xd-a, Xayat xrjv fjuavxaiav xw ^wxQaxai. 6 d^ dxov^ 
Oag fftiax* avxov, Sxi ov xovxo tiqcoxov ri^drta tto- 
xaQOV Icpov aiTj avx(p TtoQavaO&ai r/ /Lcavaiv, dH^ 
avxbg XQivag Ixiov alvai xoi/t anvv&dvaro, 7i(bg av 



LIB. III. CAP. I. 77 

xailLdra TtoQevS-sltj. hiel /uevroi oilrwg iJQoVf ravr, 
€q)ri, X9^ Tioislv, 8aa S &€dQ ixilevoev. 6 /ihv dij s 
ZBvocpwv otJrco S^fOd/LLSvog oig dvelksv 6 S-edg i^- 
inlsi, xal xaralaju/^dvec sv ^aQdedt Ugd^^ov xal 
KvQov jusllonag rjdrj oQfmv Tr]v civw 6d6v. tiqo- 9 
&v/uov/Liivov dh Tov ITqo§€vov xal 6 KvQog av/u- 
TiQov&v/LLSiTo jLcsIvai axTCoVj sins (J' 8x1 hiBidav ra- 
pfiO*^' Tj OTQarela AtJ^, svSijg dnoTts/uipsi^ avrov. 
ikiyero d* 6 cfxolog alvat elg Uicldag. iOTQarsvevo lo 
/Ltky di] ovTCDg iSanarrj&slg — ovx vnb TlQo^hov' 
ov yoLQ fjdsL rriv hii ^aOilia oQfjirp^ ovd^ aklog 
ovdelg twv ^Ekli^vayy 7clr]v KkedQxov knei /tisvroi 
elg Kikixiav rik&ov, (Jaq)€g ndCiv rjdrj eddxsi elvai 
8ri 6 (Jrdlog slt] enl ^aoilm. q)ol3ov/uevoi dk Tijv 
bdbv xal clxovreg S/Ltog ot noXkol di aiaxvvrp^ xal 
dlXrikwv xal Kvqov avvi]XolovS't]aav' &v elg xal 

^EjibI d^ ovv dnoQia rp/y iXtmslxo jLtev Ovv rolg ii 
alXoig xal ovx edvvaro xaS-evdeiv* fjuxQov 8^ vnvov 
Xaxfhv eldev SvaQ. h'do^ev avrcp ^Qovrfjg yevo/Lcivtjg 
OXTjTCTdg i/LtJiecfslv elg ttjv nazQipav otxlav, xal ix 
TovTov IdjuneoS-ai TtdOa. TtsQicpo^og d' ev&vg dv^ 12 
riysQS^, xal rd bvaq rf] fjLSv exQivsv dyaS-ov, Hri h 
novoig Siv xal xivdvvoig q)d>g /aiya ix Jibg Idelv 
edo^a* rf] de xal ecpo^elro, iki dnd Jibg fih^ ^aoi- 
Xatog rd ovaQ adoxei avrcp elvai, xijxkcp (5" edoxsv 
Id/LtnaOd-ai rb nvQ, /llt] ov dvvairo ax rfjg x^Q^S 
a^aXB-alv rijg ^aOiUwg, dXX^ al^yoiro ndrroS-av V7i6 
Tivo)v dnoQL(bv. bnolov %i (Jiav dr\ aOxi xb xoiovxov is 



78 LIB. III. CAP. I. 

idelVj M^eOTL oxonslv ix rebv ovu^uvrwv fji^a ro 
ovaQ. yiyvsrai yaQ rdds. sv&vg sTieidri dvrjYBQ&ri, 
nQOJTov /Ltsv ewoia avra> iumnret' ri xardxst/LLai, 
Tj de vv§ TiQo^aivBi; afxa dh rfj fif^Qct stxog rovg 
noXe/Lciovg rjxetv, si dh Yevria6fie&' vnb /3aOiXsi, rl 

BfjLTlodvDV flT] OV/l TldvTa flhv zd /oAaiTrtOTaT' €711- 

dovrag, navra dh rd Ssirorara naS^ovrag v^qiQo- 

14 fuvovg dTto&avBiv; onvog d' duwovua&* ovdelg naQa- 
oxevdl^srai ovd^ emfjiekHTaiy dXXd xaraxeifA.eS'a dic- 
TiBQ i^dv riOvxiav ayeiv. eydy ovv rov ix noiag 
7i6kea)g aTQarrj'ydv nQoodoxco rai/ta nqd^eiv; noiav 
(J' Tjhxiav 6/LcavT(p ekSsIv dva/LUVO); ov yd^ eycoy 

eXl TlQBO^VTBQOg BOOfiaiy idv TrjJUBQOV 7lQ0d(b i/LLaVTOV 

rolg TiolBuioig. 

15 ^Ex rovTOV dviararai xal ovyxai^l rovg ITqo- 
^Bvov TiQwrov Xoxcc/ovg. btibI Sb ovv^kd-ovy b1b§bv' 
^Eyd), w civd^Bg Xo/^ayoi, ovxb xa&BvdBiv dxrvafjuaij 
&071BQ oI/Lcai ovd^ v/uBig, ovtb xaTaxBlo&ai eviy oqvjv 

16 6^ o^Loig BOfiBV. ol /uhv ydQ 7io)JjLLioi dfj^ov on ov 
TiQOTBQov TiQog '^fidg rov tioIb/iov B^Bcprp^av tzqIv 
Bvojuiaav xalibg rd kavxibv naQaOXBvdCa&ai, tjucbv 
d^ ovdBig ovdhv dvTBTii/LiBlBirai, Sncog djg xdlliot* 

17 dyoyviovfjuB-a. xal fjuriv bI vcpTjad/LCBO-a xal vnb ^«- 
OlIbI y^riOofiB&a, rl olo/uBS-a TiBiOBCfO-ai ; og xal rov 
bfionar^iov xal b/uo/LLtjTQiov ddBlq)ov xal TB&vrjxorog 
rjdf] aTtoTB/ucov ttjv XBcpaXriv xal xijv /ct^a dvBCTiaV'' 
qcoObv' rj/Lidg ds, olg xtjdB/Ltcov /lcbv ov^Blg TiaQBCfriv, 
B(TrQaTBtJCfa/LiBv d^ in avrbv (bg dovlov dvrl ^aOiXseog 
noiriGovTBg xal dnoxTBvovvxBg bI Swai/uBd^a, xi ctv 



LIB. III. CAP. I. 79 



olofieS-a nad-slv; ap' ovx hit ndv otv eX&eXv, wg \s 
rijLcdg ra IbjfaT^ aixiodfisrog ndOiv drS-Qcbnoig cpd^ov 
naQaOxoi xov aTQareOoai nox en avrov; aiX oncog 
xoi fjLT] vn ixeircp 'y€vrj(j6/Li€&a ndrra noirfceov. eyd) i9 
fih/ ovv, eOre /llsv at Onovdal ^Oav, ovtiot mavofjirfp 
rjfidg fjih olxriQCOv, /^aOiXea dh xal rovg Ovv avxip 
fiaxaQiCcDv, diad-sdb/Lievog avrcbv Sorp^ fjih ;fc6pay 
xal oiav exoiev, (bg d^ aq)d'ova rdnirrjdsia, Hojovg 
dh S-sQanovrag, oda dh xrrjrT], /^^vobv di, aO&ffca 
da' xd d^ av xcbv OTQaTicorcbv onox evS-vfioifirfP, 20 
oTi rcbv /Lihv d'ya&wv tovtcov ovdsrdg tj/luv /ll^sItj, 
d /Lit] TiQiaifjueS-a, 8tov d' (bvria6fiB&' fjdeiv eri dU- 
yovg exovragy dXXcog ds ncog TioQiQeoS-ai xdjurrideia 
7] (bvovfievovg d^xovg ijSrj xare/ovrag rifidg' taixt 
ovv koyi^d/Lievog eviorre rdg OTiovddg fidXXov etpo- 
^ovfiTjv 7] vvv rbv noXefjuov. ensl /lcsvtoi exelvoi 21 
ekvoav xdg anorddg^ XelvO&ai /uoi doxel xal rj ixei- 
vcov ij^Qig xal tj rifierhQa dod(p€ia. ev fucfcp yaQ 
rjdrj xelrai ravr d&ka, dnoraQoi av rjfiwv drdqeg 
d/jLBlvoveg SydiVy dycovoS-etai d^ ol S-eol alow, oH Ovv 
rifiiv, wg to eixog, eOovrai. ovroi juhv ydg avrol 22 
ijiKJOQXTjxaOiv rifAMg dh nok)^ oQWvrsg dya&d Otsq- 
Qcbg avrcbv dneixof^S'a did rovg rwv S-ewv b^xovg' 
WOT e^elvai rjfilv doxel levai enl xbv dyibva noli) 
Ovv cpQovTjfiari fjieiC^ovi fi rovroig. stl d^ exo/asv 23 
od)/uad'^ IxavdiTBQa tovtojv xal y^v^ri xal S'dlnrj 
xal ndvovg (pcQeiv a^ofiev dh xal ipv^dg ovv rolg 
S-eolg dfuivovag' ol d^ dvd^eg xal tqcotoI xal S^tjtoI 
liMXov rifjumvy jjv ot S-eol wonsQ to nQooD-ev vixrjv 



80 LIB. III. CAP. I. 

24 rifiiv didwOiv. aiX Xcfo}g yaq xal ailoi xavxa iv- 
xhj/LiOVVTai, TiQdg Oscbv /lltj dvafih^CD/Lisv ciXlovg ecp^ 
Tj/Ltdg eXd-elv naQaxakovvrag bil xa xdXXiOt* eQ^a, 
dlV Tj/LLelg oiQ^co/iev rov iSoQ/afjOaL xal xovg cilkovg 
im Trjv dQ^Tjv, q)dvriT€ twv Xo/^ayibv cIqiOxoi xal 

25 ra)v OTQazriyajv d^LoaxQaxriyoraQoi. xdycD de, ei /Lter 
v/uelg i&eler^ h^OQfidv anl ravra, enead-ai vfiiv jSoi;- 
Xofiaiy ei d^ Vfielg rdrrst* s/ll riyslod-aiy ovdhv tiqo- 
q)aoil^o/Ltai rriv -^Xtxiav, dlXd xal dx/adl^eiv rj^ov/LLat 
BQVxeiv an i/uatnov xa xaxd, 

26 ' /Lihr zavT ele^ev, ol S^ dxovdavTeg rfyBtd&ak 
exeXevov ndvreg, nkijv l^noXXcovidrjg rig tjv ^okoti- 
d'Ciov rfi (piDvfi' ovTog S^ slnsv on q)XvaQoiri 8(fTcg 
Xeyoi ciXXcog nog OWTTjpiag av xv/^elv i] ^adiXea 
neicsag, el dvvairoy xal a^ tjqx^o Xiyeiv rag dno- 

'21 qiag. 6 fjihTOi A^ocp(bv fju^d^v vnoXa^ojv aXe^ev 
(hSe' ^£2 S-avfiaaKozaT^ avS-QcoTie, ov (J' ovd^ oqcjv 
Yiyvtbaxeig, ovd^ dxovwv fisfivriaai. iv Tairrip ye 
/LtevToi riod-a zovroig 8rs ^aatXevg, kneel KvQog ajt" 
eS-ave, xazacpQovi^aag knl zovzcp ne/nTicDV exiXsve 

28 naQadidovai zd 8nXa, enel (J' rjfielg ov naQadovzeg, 
dXX^ e^oTiXiod/LievoL eXS^ovzeg TtaQeOxrjvrjOa/Loev avzcp, 
zl ovx enolrjae TiQea^eig ne/Lincov xal TtQoaaizcbv xal 

29 7iaqsxo)v zoTitzrideiay eoze anovSOjv ezvxev; enel d* 
av ol OTQazriyol xal Xoxayol, ojOnaQ dij ov xeXeveig, 
elg Xoyovg avzolg dvn) onXwv riXd-ov niazevaavreg 
zalg onovdaig, ov vvv exelvoi naio/Loevoi, xevzo'6^ 
fjievoLy v/^QiCo/Lievoi ovd^ dnoS^avelv ot zXtjuoveg dtj^ 
vavzai, xal fid)^ olfjuai iqiovzeg zovzov; a Ov ndvz^ 



LIB. III. CAP. I. 81 

sldwg rovg fihv d/LttiveoS-aL xeleijovrag (plvaqelv q)fiQ, 
nelS-Biv dh ndXiv xeXevsig lovrag; sfioiy cb ardqeg, 30 
doxel Tov clvd-Qconov rovrov urp:B nQooieoS-ai elg 
xavxov r\fuv avd-ig dcpehofjuhovg re rrjv lox(xyiav 
axevTi dvaS-iirtag (bg roiovrcp /^QfioS-ai. oirog yccQ 
xal rrp^ naxQida xaxaiO/vveL xal ndOav rip^ '^Eildda, 
on ""EXkriP a)v rowirrog ioriv. 

^Evrev&ev vnoka^cbv ^Ayaoiag 2Jrviuq)dhog elnev' 31 
AXXd Tovrcp y ovrs Trig Boioniag TtQoOrjxei ovdhv oihe 
TTJg "^Ellddog navrdnaoiv, inel iyw avTov alSov ojoneQ 
Avdiyv dfiq)&tBQa rd wra rezQimrifihov, xal eixsv ov- 
rwg, rovrov fih oiv dnriXaOav. ol d^ cIHol naqd rdg 32 
rd^Big hivreg, Unov /Ltkv drQarrfybg Owg eirj, rbv ofpa- 
rrjybv naQSxdlotfv, ono&ev d^ oXxoirOy rbv vnoOr^d'- 
rriyoVy Hnov d^ av Xoxaybg atbg sit], "koxayov. bis) 33 
dh ndvrsg ovvijkd'ov, etg rb TiQoO&ev rwv oTikwv 
exad-eCovro' xal iyivovS-^ ol dwekS-ovreg orQarrjyol 
xal loxayol dficpl roi)g ixarov, ihe dh ravr tjv, « 
(JX^dbv fiioai ^^Oav vvxreg. 

^EvravS-^ *^l6Q(bvv/Lcog ^Hkelog TiQeO/ivrarog &v 34 
rd)v IlQo^ivov Xoxayibv iJQX^o leyeiv &8e ' "^H/jlIv, 
& civdQsg OTQarriyol xal koxayoiy oQcbat rd naQovra 
edo^B xal avroi)g avveX&Blv xal v/Lcdg naQaxaliOai, 
8na)g ^ovXevaaifi€&* si ri dvvaifieS'^ dyaS-dv. Xi- 
^ov d\ sq)?!, xal vvvy & ABvoq)(bv, dnsQ xal n^bg 
71 flag, ex roihov leyei rdd' 6 Zevoipwv' 35 

And rath a /ikv Stj ndvrsg iTuOrd/usS-a, on 
^aOtkevg xal Tiaaaq)€Qvrjg ovg /uhv edwrid^dav aw- 
€ikriq)a(SLv rj/MbVy rolg d^ cllXoig dfjXov bn ini^ov- 

Xenophontis Anabasis. 6 



82 LIB. III. CAP. I. 

kevovOiVf (hg i]v dvvwvTai djiokiocoOiv, rifuv Si y 
olfiac ndvra Tioirjzea, (bg lA.rpiod'^ vjib xolg ^aQ^d^oig 

36 yevibfjieS'a, alld fiailov ixslvoi vq)" ri/Ltlv. ev roi- 
vvv imOTaoS'' bri v/ielg roOoihoi ovzeg, bcfoi vvv 
Ovv€kr]Xv&aTe, fjueyiOxov e/^^e xaiQov. ol yaQ OzQa- 
ricbrai ovroi ndvreg n^og v/uag ^kenovai, xav /Ltev 
v/Lcdg oQcbOiv d&v/Liovvrag, ndvxeg xaxol eOovxai, rjv 
d^ VfjLBlg airtoi tb naQaOxsval^d/LLSVoi cpaveQol 7\x hil 
Tovg noXefiiovg xal rovg cillovg TiaQaxalfjre, ev loff" 

37 on etpovrai v/alv xal naiQdoovTai f^ifialo&ai. Yawg 
da Toi xal dixaiov bOtlv v/Ltdg diaipipeiv ri xovtidv. 
v/Li€Tg yd^ sOxe axQaxtjyol, v/LC€lg xa^ia^x^^ ^^^ ^^^ 
Xccyoi' xal 6V eiQTjrrj ^y, v/Ltelg xal XQVI^^^'^ ^^^ 
xi/uaig xovzcDv inXeovexxsixs* xal vvv xoivvv inel 
TioXe/iog eaxLV, d^iovv del vfjidg avxovg dfjieivovg xt 
xov nkri&ovg elvat xal TiQo/Sovleveiv xovxcov xal 

38 TiQOTtovslVf ijv Ttov deij. xal vvv TiQOJxov fier oljuai 
, ctv v/Lcdg /Liiya (bq)6lfj(Jai xb OXQdxev/Lca, el em/aeXr]- 

\)'eiri&* bncog dvxl x(bv dnoXcoXoxeov (bg xd^ioxa (Xrpa- 
xriyol xal Xoxayol avxixaxaOxaS-axJiv. avev yaQ 
ap;fdrra>y ovdev av ovxe xaXbv ovx" dya&bv yevoixo, 
(bg fikv avvekovxi einelv ovda/uov, ev de drj xolg noXe- 
/Lcixolg navxdnadiv. rj /Lckv yaQ evxa^ia (f(pi^eiv doxel, 

89 ri d^ dxa^ia noXXovg rjdrj dnoXcoXexev, meiddv dh 
xaxaOxriOrioS-B xovg ccQ^ovxag boovg del, 7]v xal xovg 
clXXovg axQaxi(i)xag OvXXeyrfce xal naQa&aQQVvrjfce, 

40 olfiai ctv v/idg ndvv ev xaiQ(p noirjaai, vvv yaQ 
icJcog xal v/buelg atoS-dveoff' (bg d&v/Licog /tiev ^X&ov 
ml xd OTiXa, d^v/acDg de n^bg xdg (pvXaxdg' ojoS-* 



LIB. III. CAP. I. 83 

otlro) y ix6yra)v ovtc oIS' b ri dv rig ;fp7j(y«^T' 
avTolg, ehs vvxrdg deoi bXtb xal rifjUQag. i]r di rig 41 
avzcbv tQeipfi xag yvih/iag, (bg /Lttj rovro fiovov sv- 
vocjvrai xi nsioovTai akXa xal ri non^OovOiy noli) 
evS-vfioTBQoi eOovraL. eTciarad&e ycnQ drj Hri oihe 42 
nkfj&dg i(Jriv ovt l^x^S ri ev r(b nolifiip rag vixag 
noiovaay aiX Stiotsqoi otv avv xolg S-eolg ralg xpvxcug 
iQQW/LLevioreQoi iwOiv kfil xovg no'kefiiovgy rovrovg 
<bg sTil TO noXi) ol avrioi ov Sixovrai. evTsSnjfirj/iai, 43 
d^ eywye, & clvd^sg, xal rovd-^ bri ondooL fihv fia- 
(Jretiovoi ll^fjv ex navrbg tqotiov sv rolg noXifiotg, 
ovroi fih xaxwg re xal aloxQOJS (^S snl rb nolv 
dno&v^OxovaiVf onoooi de rdv /uev d-avarov eyvd)' 
xaOi TtaOt xoivbv elvai xavayxalov dvS-Qcbnoig, ne^l 
de rov xakmg djto&ri^oxeiv dycovil^ovrai, rotjrovg 
(J' Sqco /Lidllov r eig rb yrJQag dq)ixvovuevovg xal 
ewg dv X^&Oiv evdaifjboveoreQov didyovrag. & xal 44 
riiLtdg Sel vvv xara/Lca&ovrag, ev roiovrcp yaQ xaiQcp 
eo/Liev, avrovg r avdqag dyaS-ovg elvai xal rovg 
dklovg TtaQaxaXelv. 6 fiev ravr eincbv enavOaro.^^^ 

Metd de rovrov eine XeiQiOocpog' ^AlXd TtQoo- 
S-ev /Ltev, (b Zeroq)(bv, rodovrov /lcovov O^ eyi- 
yvojOxov Haov ijxovov AS^valov elvai, vvv de xal 
enaivd) d" ecp' olg keyeig re xal n^drreig, xal ^ov- 
XoijLcijy dv Hri nkeiorovg elvai roiovrovg' xoivbv 
yaQ dv eiTj rdyaS^ov. xal vvv, ecpri, firj /uellw/LteVy 45 
c5 dvdQeg, dlk^ dnelS-ovreg ijdrj atQeloO-^ ol deofievoL 
clQX^^^^Sf xal eXo/Ltevoi ijxeT elg rb fxedov rov OrQa- 
ronedov xal rovg alQed-evrag dy^e' eneir exel avy- 



84 LIB. III. CAP. I. II. 

47 xalovfiBv tovg cllXovg (TtQaTidnaQ, naQioro) d^ 
rifuVy €q)ri, xal Tol/uidrig 6 xfJQV^, xal a/aa ravx 
BiTiibv dviOTTj, <bg /Ltrj /idlXoiro, dXXa ncQaivoiTO xa 
diovxa, 

^Ex rovTov fiQB&TjOav aQx^y^^S olvtI fiev Kks-- 
(XQxov TL/Lcaoiwv JaQdavevg, avrl dh SwxQaTovg 
AdvS-vxXfjg ^Axat6g, drrl de ^Ayiov KkedvcoQ ^Qxdg, 
dvTi dh Mivwvog ^ikrjcJiog A/awg, dvrl dh IIqo^ 
^hov Zsvocpcov ^AS^valog. 

n. ^Ejid d^ flQ^y^o, Tj/LtiQa re ax^^^^ V7iaq)aivB 
xal etg rd [jUoov rjxov ot ap;forr€g' Mo^e d^ avrolg tiqo^ 
q)vlaxdg xaTaarrjaavrag avyxaXelv rovg aTQari(hrag. 
knel dh xal ol dkkoi OTQaridrvat auvfjk&ov, dviarrj 
TiQ&Tog /Lth XeiQlao(pog 6 Aaxedaifioviog xal kle^ev 

2 code' Avd^eg orQariajTai, ;faAe7rd juev rd TiaQovza^ 
bnoT dvdQ&v arQarrj'ycbv roiovrcov OraQo/LtsS-a xal 
Xoxayojv xal arQaxiiDTibv, ngbg d^ eri xal ol dficp^ 
AqioIov ol nQoa&ei/ ov/Lt/Ltaxoi ovxag TiQoSsdcbxaOiv 

3 Tj/Lidg' Hfioyg dh del ex x&v naqovxwv avd^ag dya- 
S-ovg xeke&BiV xal firi vq)Lead'ai, dXXd TisiQaoS-ai 
8na)g ify /lev dxjv(bfiB&a xalcbg vixcbvxeg oqjl^w/isO'a ' 
ei dh fii\j dXXd xaXwg y" djtod^^axco/uey, vnoxdQiot 
dh firidhcoxB ysvwfied'a "Qwvxeg xolg noXefiioig. ol/Lcai 
yaQ dv iif^dg xoiavxa Tia&slv, ola xovg ixS-QOvg oi 
d-eol TtoirjOeiav. 

4 ^Ejil xovxip KlsdvwQ 6 ^ Oqx^/^^'^^S dreoxri xal 
ele^sv wde* ^AXV oQdxe fiiv, & ardqeg, xijv ^aat-- 
liatg imoQxlav xal doe^eiav, oQdxs dh xtjv TiOOa^ 
cpiQVOvg djiLdxiaVy boxig ksyov d)g yeixwv x eiri rrjg: 



LIB. III. CAP. II. 85 

"^HXddog xal ticqI nkeiarov &v noirioairo Ocoaai 
rifjuaSy xal enl rovroig avrdg d/i6oag rifjuVy airtbg 
de^iag dovg, avrdg e^cmarriaag awela^e roi^g czQa- 
TTiyovg, xal ovdh Jia ^hiov fidea&riy aXldL KkeaQ^ 
}(a) xal dfioTQaneCog j^eyd/uevog avT(p rovr(p y i^- 
anaxriaag roifg avd^ag dnolwkexer, l^Qialog d\ 8v ^ 
riixBlg '^S'iko/Liev ^aOiXea xaS^iOravai, xal Mwxe 
xal eka^s mard fir] nQoddjOeeP dXk'^Xovg, xal 
ovTog oihs rovg S-eovg deiaag oi/ca Kvqov red-vi]'- 
XQXa aldeoS-ug, tL/Kb/Ltsvog fidXidS-^ vnb Kvqov 
X,(x)VTog vvv TCQog rovg ixsivov ixS-lozovg dnoardg 
ilfidg rovg Kvqov (plXovg xaxwg noielv neiQaxai. 
alia rovrovg /ikv ol S-eol dnorioaivro * iifidg de e 
del ravS*^ oQCovrag (irptort i^anarTjSijvaL eri vnb 
TOVTWVy dXXd /Ltaxo/Lterovg (bg dv dvvibfied-a XQa^ 
riora rovS-^ H rt dv doxfi xolg S-eolg ndoxetv. 

^Ex Tovrov S^ocptbv dvidrarai iorak/Ltsvog 7 
inl ndls/Lcov dyg advvaro xdX'kiOta, vo/iiZeov, she 
vixijy didolsv ot S-eoi, rdv xdXhorov xdOfiov rw 
vixdv nQensiVy eYrs rsket/rdv dioi, ogd-aig ex,aiv xAv 
xailiarwv kavxbv d^icboavt sv rovxoig zfjg rsXsv^ 

rfjg Tvyx^'^^^'^' ^^^ loyov d^ rJQx^o weJc* Trp^ s 
/Lisv Twv ^aQ^aQcor inioQxiav re xal dnioriav 
Uyei fiky KXedvayQy BTtimaaS-s dh xal vfuTg olfiat. 
el /Ltev ovv ^ovloifie&a ndXiv avxoXg did cpikiag 
ievaiy avdyxri rj/Lcdg tcoXItiv dSv/Ltiav exeiv, dQcbv- 
rag xal rovg OTQarrj'yovg , 01 did nidxetDg avroig 
eavTovg evexeiQiOav, ola nejiovd-aaiv el /levToi dia- 
voo'6fi€&a Ovv roig bnXoig &v re nejioii^xaOi dixrjv 



86 LIB. III. CAP. II. 

biiS-elvai avrolg xal t6 Xomov dia navrbg TtoXe/uLOV 
avTolg thaiy ovv xolg S-eolg noXkal rj/Lciv xal xakal 
iXnideg aloi OijjTrjQiag. 
9 Tovro dh Isyovrog avrov Ttt&Qvvtal rig* axov- 

aavTBg d^ ol arQariOrcai ndvreg fjiia OQ/Ltfj tcqoo- 
exvvTjOav rdv S-eov, xal 6 S^ocpibv sins' ^oxsl fioiy 
(b avdQsg, snsl tisqI ocorrjQiag rj/uatv Isydvriov ol- 
(ovdg toy Jibg rov OcDzrJQog sqxxvrj, ev^adS-ai rep 
S-sm TovTip &vasiv acoxi^Qia, onov av tcqojtov slg 
cpiUav /c6(>a> acpiXibf^sS-ay avvejisv^ac&ai ds xal 
xolg cilkoig S-solg S-vOsiv xaza dvva/Liiv, xal bxcp 
doxsl xavXy €(gp?y, avarsivaro) rriv ;f€tpa. xal av- 
sTsivav anavtsg, sx rovrov rjii^avro xal kiaidvi" 
oav. msl ds rd xwv d-swv xaXibg sl^svy iJQX^^ 
Tcdhv wSs • 

10 ^Exvyx^^ov liywv oxi nollal xal xalal iXni-' 
dsg rj/Lilv slsv aayvrjQiag. tiqwxov /usv yd^ ruLLsig 
fjihv Sjunsdov/Lisv xovg x(bv S-swv HQXovgy ol dh no- 
Xifiioi smcoQXi^xaal xs xal xdg onovddg avxol naqa 
xovg HtQXovg IsXvxaaiv. ovxw (f ixovxwv sixbg 
xolg /Ltsv nols/aioig svavxiovg sJvai xovg d-sovg, 
rifuv dh av/Lc/idxovgy oYnsQ txavoi stoi xal xovg 
fi&ydXovg xaxv fiiXQoi^g noislv xal xovg /Lcix^ovg, 
xdv sv dsivolg &aiy (J(pC^iv svnetibgy 3xav ^ovkcov- 

11 xai. ensixa (f dvafivrpoa ydq vfidg xal xoijg xojv 
nQoydviDv x(bv -^/LisxiQiov Xivdvvovgy Xv stdfjO-^ wg 
dyaS-olg &" vfiiv nQoarjxsi slvai aip^ojrtai xs ovv 
xolg d^eolg xal sx ndvv dsivcbv ol dya&oL skS-ov- 
xcov /bisv ydg ITsQOidv xal xibv Ovv avzolg najur- 



LIB. III. CAP. n. 87 

Tilrj&sl OTdko) (bg acpaviovvrayv rag ^A&rivag, vno- 
arrival aircol u4&rjvaioL rok/LtrjOavrsg ivlxtjOav avrovg. 12 
xal ev^d/Li€voi xfi ^Qrefiidi, bnodovg xaraxdvoiev xcbv 
nols/Ltlwv, ToOavzag ;ft/^a/p«5 xara&vOstv rfj S-ecpy 
end ov7t sl/ov Ixavdg ev^eXv, sSo^sv avxolg xat* 
hiavrbv nevTaxooiag &veiVy xal eri vvv dnoS-v^ 
ovOiv. eJiBiS-^ 6t€ ZiQ^Tjg vore^ov dyeiQag rijv 13 
avaQld-fiTfCov arQaridv iik&ev bit Tr]v "^EkXaday xal 

TOT 6vix(DV ol rj/LthsQOi TlQOyOVOl TOVg TOVTWV 

TiQoyovovg xal xaxa yfjv xal xard S-dlaTTav, &v 
eOTi /lev Tsx/ariQia ogdv to, Tq6naiay /aiyiOrov Sk 
/LLvrj/Ltelov rj sXevS-eQla T(bv noXeojv, iv alg v/Ltelg 
€ysv€(jf&€ xal iTQdq)rjTe' ovdsva yaQ avS-Qomov da- 
Ondrip^ dXXd rovg &soi}g 71qooxvv€it6. roio^rtoyv 
/ikv ears TiQoydvcov. ov fiev dij roi/to y eQcb (bg 14 
v/Li€ig xaTai^x'^^^^ avTovg' dlX ovno) nollal rj/LtS" 
Qai dcp^ oi dmra^d/Ltevoi rovroig rolg ixsiviov sx^ 
yovoig noXXanlaoioig vfivbv srixdre Cvv Tolg S-eolg. 
xal Torce /Ltkv dt] tibqI rrjg Kvqov ^aoileiag avd^eg 15 
7(1 dyaS-ol' vvv d^ onore tibqI rfjg vfiereQag Oct)- 
TTjQlag 6 dydbv aOTi, no'kv drpxov vfidg nqocS7\xu 
xal dfielvovg xal nQoS-VfjuoTBQOvg elvat, dXld firp^ le 
xal d-aQQalsarteQdvg vvv nQbiei alvai n^bg rovg 
noXafiiovg. Tdre fjuhv yd^ aneiQoi ovxeg avx(av x6 
T€ nlfjS-og a/LcevQov oQCJvregy b/Ltcog hoXfitiOaxe Ovv 
Tip TiaTQiq) q>QovrifjiaTi, levat eig avTovg' vvv (f 
oTtoTe xal nelQav ijdr] ex^r avTcbv oti ixxXivovOi 
xal nolXanldoioi ovTeg vfidg, xi exi v/uv nQoC^xsi 
xo^rtovg q)o^elod'ai; firidh /llsvxol xovxo fislov do^rfx 17 



88 LIB III. CAP. II. 

exst^Vy on ot aficp ^Aqialov n^daS-ev oiry rj/Luv raX" 
To/LCBvoi vvv aipsoxiixaaiv. ezt ya^ oirot xaxloveg 
eidi r&v vg)* rjfiwv r[tr7ifuvcDr' ecpvyov yovv, tiqIv 
TiQoaiivai exeivovgy xaralmdvrsg rifidg. rovg d^ eS-^- 
lovrag q)vyfjg Hqx^^'^ nokv xqbIttov avv rolg noke- 
/Lcioig rarrofisvovg f} ey rfi rj/LL^6Q(f xA^ei dqav. 

18 d de Tig vfi(bv ad-vuel on rjjLclr /llsv ovx elolv 
Innfjgy rolg dk nokejuloig nolloi tkxqsiOiv, hd^fir}- 
&7itB on 01 fjiVQLOi iTtnfjg ovdhv aiX rj /nvQioi 
eioiv ccvS-QWTioL' vnb /akv yaQ itviov ovdslg nw-- 
nor oiire drjx^^lg ovrs kaxxiO&alg dniS-avav, ol 
(f olvdQeg doiv ol noioijvreg o n ctv h ralg (jlA-^ 

19 X«t5 yiyvrfvai. ovxovv r(bv tnTiecov nolv rj/Ltelg in 
aOipaXeOreQov ox^f^cxftog io/LUV' ol fiev yaQ i§ 
Ynnojv XQ€/Lcavrai q)o^ov/Li€voi ovx V/^^^ fiovov 
akka xal xb xaraneaslv rjfislg (f enl yfjg ^e/Srj- 
xoreg nokv /Lt€v lox^QoreQOV naioofisr, rjv rig 
nQoaiji, noki) dh (juaXkoVy 8rov av ^ovkcbfieS-a, rev^ 
^ofjueS-a. evl dh /i6vw nQoexovOiv ol Innfjg xb iq)^ 
rifiag* q)sv'y€iv avxolg aaq)akB0xeQ6v eanv fi ti/mv, 
et dh drj xag /ihv fiaxcag S-aQQelre, Hxi & ovxeff" 

20 fifiiv TLaoaq)iQvr]g Tjyrjaerai ovdh ^aOikeug dyoQccv 
naQB^Biy xoirt* ^x^^oS-e, axhfjaa&e noxsQov xqsIx^ 
xov TiOaaq)6Qvip^ riyefjiova sxbiv, Sg ini^ovksviov 
ilfuv (pavBQdg eoxiv, i] ovg av rifiBlg avd^ag 
ka^ovreg riyeiaS'ai xekevw/ievy 6i sYoovrai 8n rjv 
n neqii rifidg a/LtaQrdvwOiy ne^l rdg iavxwv 

21 y^vxctg a/LtaQXTjaovxai,, xa d^ hnxrideia n&ceQov 
(bvelad-ai xqbXxxov ex xfjg dyoQcig rig ovxoi. naQ- 



LIB III. CAP. II. 89 

€ixoVf /LciXQa /LiivQa nokXov aQyvQiov, firidh rovr 
eti exovrag, ^ avrovg Xa/u/Sdveiv, rjvjieQ XQaTw/Lcei^, 
jLiivQa) XQ^f^^^'^S oTidaq) civ sxaOTog ^ovltjraL, el 22 
da ravra /isv yiyvibaxeS-^ Hxi XQsizrova, xovg dh 
jiora/io'ig cctcoqov vof^D^ev eivai xal /uydlwg '^y€iO&* 
i^anarrjOijrai dia/idvreg, oxhfjaoS^ si dqa roirto 
xal /uioQQTarov nmoirjxaaiv 01 ^aQ/SaQoi. ndvTsg 
yaQ Tioxafioiy x&v nQoOw ribv Tirjyojv dnoQai (hOi, 
TiQoCovOi TtQog rag nrjydg dia^arol 'yiyvovrat ovSh 
TO 'yovv PQaxovreg. at da f^ri&^ 01 nora/aol dirj- 23 
aovCiv riYafjubv ra /Ltrjdalg rjfuv cpavairai, ovd^ &g 
rifilv Y* dS^fjirftaov, amOrdf^aS-a /Lihv y^Q MvOojjg^ 
ovg ovx av rjfiwv q)air]iLtav ^alriovg alvai, irn av 
Tfi ^aailacog /c6poc nolldg ra xal avSai/uovag xal 
fiaydlag nolaig oixovoiv, aTiiardfjuaS-a da Uiaidag 
(baavTwgy Avxdovag da xal avrol aXdofiav, iki av 
Tolg Tiadioig ra aQV/ivd xaraXa^ovrag rrp^ rovrcov 
XcoQav xaQTiovvrat' xal rifjidg d^ otv acprp^ aywya 24 
XQW^^ f^W^^ g>avaQOvg alvai oixad^ WQ/irj/uavovg, 
dXkd xaTaoxavdl^acfd-ai wg avrov nov otxTjOovrag. 
olda yaQ Hn xal Mvaolg ^aailavg nolXovg /Lcav 
riyafiovag av doitj, nolXovg d^ av d/arjQovg rov 
ddolwg axnafjixpaiVy xal odonoii^Oaia y av odovg, xal 
ai avv tad-QiJiTiotg ^oijXoivt dniavai. xal rj/Ltlv y* 
av old^ bn TQiOdOfiavog ravr^ anoiai, ai acb^a rj/uag 
fiavaiv xaraoxaval^ouavovg. dXld yaQ dadoixa firi, 25 
av &7ta^ fid&cofiav aQyol ^fjv xal av dq^S-ovoig 
^lortavaiVy xal Mi^dmv da xal JlaQOibv xaXaig xal 
/Loaydlaig yvvai^l xal naQ&avoig d/LiiXalv, /.li] toOnaQ 



90 LIB. III. CAP. II. 

26 ol IcDTOcpd'yoi eTuka&w/ie&a rfjg oixad^ 6dov. doxel 
ovv fioi eixbg xal dixaiov elvai TiQwrov sig rriv 
"^Eklada xal TTQdg roi'g otxeiovg neiQaa&m aq>i^ 
xvelad-ai xal emdai^ai rolg ""EUtjOlv iki ixovreg 
TiBvovrai, i^dv avrolg rovg vvv axlrjQ&g exal ^lo- 
rs^ayrag svO-dde xofjuoafievovg nlovolovg oQdv. 
alXd Y&Qy & civd^eg, ndvra rairra rdyad-cc dffkov 

27 6Vt r&v XQarovvTwv eOri, rovro Set ).€^siv, ncbg 
av 7iOQ6Voi/Lt€&d &" (bg daq)akiaTata xal, el f^d^^- 
a&ai dioi, (bg x^drioxa /Ltaxol/LLeS'a. tiqwtov /uev 
Tolvw, €q)rj, doxel fiot xaraxavOai rag dfid^ag ag 
sxo/LcsVy %va fjLT] xd . Z.tiyri rifi(x>v OTQarrjyfj, dkka 
jtoQevcb/LcsS-a onrj otv rfj arcana OvfKpiQT]" htsira 
xal rdg Oxrjvdg ovyxaraxavdai, avrai ydq av 
o/Xov /Liey naQs^^ovoiv ay^iv, Ovva}q)€lovOi d^ ovdev^ 
oi/t etg rb fjuaxBOS-ai ovx" alg rb rdniTrideia exsiv. 

28 €TL Sk xal Tobv dklwv ax£V(bv rd nsQiTrd aTialla- 
§a)/LLSV TiXrp/ oOa noli/Liov evexsv r/ (jlrcov i] norwv 
e/o/ueVy Xv wg nXeloxoi fiev rj/Ltajv iv rolg bnhoig 
&aiVy (bg iXdxiOroi dk (JX€VO(poQcbai. XQarov/uevcov 
jLtkv yaQ e7iiara(S&' 8rt ndvr dXXoTQia* i]v ds XQa- 
ribfiev, xal xovg Jiole/alovg del oxevocpoQovg tullS" 

29 reQovg vofiCQaiv, Xomov fioi slnelv Stibq xal fMiyi- 
orov vofiiQ(D slvai. o^dre y^Q ^^^ rovg noXe/Lciovg 
bri ov nQda&sv s^sreyxslv 6r6l/Lirj(yav n^bg ri/Lidg 
nolsfiov, ttqIv rovg &tQarriyoi)g rifi(bv avvila^ov, 
vofjLiQovrag (Ivrcov /Lthv rcov aQxbvrcov xal tj/lcwv 
nsi&ofiivcov txavoitg elvai iifidg nsQiy^eaS-ai rep 
nolsfKpy la^ovreg Se rovg aQXovrag dvagx^^ «^ 



i 



LIB. m. CAP. II. 91 

xal dra^ia h6fiiC>ov i^fidg dnolioS-ai. del ovv 30 
noXi) fihv Tovg aqyijovxag bufjLskeareQovQ yeviaS-ai 
rovg vvv x&v nqocS-^, nokv dh rovg aQx^f^^ovg 
evraTCcoTBQOvg xal nei&o/Ltirovg /LtdlXov xolg Hq^ov- 
at vvv rj nQdod-ev' ify di rig ojieiOfi, rjdi] tprjcpi- 31 
aaa&ai rdv del vfjbwv hrvvYX^vovta oirv rep dp- 
XOVTL xoXdl^eiv oikwg ol noXi/Lcioi nXsiarov sipev- 
a/Lteyot saovrai' rfjds yaQ rfj rifjue^a /avQiovg otpov- 
tat dv&^ hog Kked^x^vg rovg ovdsvl iniTQei/Jovrag 
xaxip elvau dXXd yaQ xal nsQaiveiv rjdr] &Qa' 32 
i(J(og yitQ ol nols/Liioi airvixa naQsaovrai. Srcp ovv 
ravta doxsl xaXwg ex^iVj inixvQeoodra) (hg rdxt'Ora, 
Xv sQ^ip nsQalvrfvai. el S^ e^ei ci &Xko ^iXriov ij 
ravxriy roX/udrvo) xal 6 IdiibTrjg diddoxHv* ndvreg 
yccQ xoivfjg awTTjQlag dedfie&a, 

Metd ravra XsiQiOoipog elnev' l4kX^ el /uevrivog 33 
allov del TtQog rovroig olg leyei Zevocpcbv, xal 
avrixa i^iazaL einelv Si dh vvv eiQtjxe doxu /lloi 
&g rdx^ora tprjcpioaoS-aL Hqkstov dvar xal Srcp 
doxal ratjra, dvaxeivdnx} rrp^ /f^pa. dvheivav Tidvrsg. 

^Avatndg dh ndXiv Bine ZBvoq)d>v' ^£2 avd^eg, 34 
dxovdaOr &v nqoodoxu fjuoi, dfjXov irti noQetjead-at 
rifjiag del bnov sSo/aev rdmrrideia* dxoiia) ds 
xcb/uag elvai xaldg ov nliov eixoOi (ttadiiov dne- 
XO'daag* ovx av ovv S-avf^dX^oifjn el ol noli/Liioi, 35 
wOncQ ol deiXol xijveg roi)g /lev na^idvxag xal 
ddxvovOiVy 7]v SiJvcDvraiy rovg dh di(bxovrag q)ev- 
yovoiVy oiho) xal avrol rjfiiv dniovOiv inaxolov- 
S-oIbv. lawg ovv daq)a'kB(STBQOV rifuv TtoQevea&ai 36 



92 LIB. III. CAP. II. m. 

nXaiOiov noirjOa/uivovg rwv SnXcjv, Yva (ta oxsvo^ 
cpoQa xal 6 nolitg o/^kos h dag)ak€(JT€Qa) ltj, el 
ovv vvv oJiodeix^^i'yif t^Ivol xal XQV ^J^^to't^at tov 
nXaioiov xal ra nQood-ey xoa/aelv xal xivag hit 
Tcbv nksvQcov ixaxsQcov elvai, rivag rf' d7ii(jS'oq)v- 
Xaxslv, ovx dv onoS-^ ol nokifiioL elS-oiev /SovXsv- 
soS-av rifidg deoiy akXd X9V/^^^ ^^ evSifg rolg 

37 Teray/aevoig. si fier ovv alio rig ^ekciov Sq^, 
aXkwg ixsTO)' si dsy XeiQiaocpog fikv '^yolro, knaidri 
xal Aaxsdaifioviog ion' T(bv dh nlsvQwv exariQOJv 
dvo TO) TCQea^vTaTW (TtQarriyd) knifiskola&rp^' otic- 
ad'oq)vXaxol/Liev d^ rj/Ltelg ol vswraroi iyw xal Ti- 

38 /Lcaolwv rd vvv elvai, xb dh loinov neiQib/Ltevoi 
Tavrrjg rfjg rd^ewg /SovkevadjLced'^ 8 xi av del XQd~ 
xioxov doxfj elvat. el de xig alio opa ^ektiov, 
le^dxu). krtel 3^ ovSelg dvxekeyev, elnev' "^'Orcp 
doxel xavxa^ dvaxeivdxw xtjv x^^9^' edo^e xavra. 

39 Nvv xoivWy eqyijy dniovxag noielv del xd dedoy^ 
fjiha. xal Saxig &^ vfubv xovg olxeiovg krti&v^ 
fjuel tdelVy /LLefivtiad-w dvrjQ dyaS-bg elvar ov y&Q 
eOXLV clkXiog xoirtov xvx^Tv Haxig xe l^rjv eniSv/ueiy 
neiQda&o) vixdv xcbv /aev yaQ vixibvxwv xb xaxa- 
xaiveiv, xwv de '^fvxw/ieviov xb dno&vfiaxevv eaxi* 
xal ei xig dh xQVf^^^^^ eniSvfiely xgareTv TieiQa- 
oB^w x&v yaQ vixcbvxwv eoxl xal xd iavxwv acp~ 
l^eiv xal xd xcbv '^x(o/ieywv kafi/Sdveiv, 

III. Tovxwv lexS-evxwv dveaxr]Cfav xal djieX-^ 
S-ovxeg xaxexaov xdg d/id^ag xal xdg Cxrpfdgy xwv 
dh neQixxibVy bxov fier deoixo xig, fiexedidoOav dXXr^ 



LIB. in. CAP. III. 93 

Xoig, xa d^ ak)^ elg rd tivq aQQinrow, ravra not-- 
riOavreg riQKfroJioiovvTo. aQKTronoiovfuvwv S^ av- 
r&v €QX^^^ MiS-Qaddrrig avv iTmevoiv wg rpta- 
^orra, xal xaleod/uerog rovg (n-Qarriyovg slg kxri- 
xoov ISj^Bt Sde, ^Eycby & ^vd^eg '"Elkrjveg, xal 2 
KvQ(p TtuJrdg ^y, wg v/aslg BTtiotaC&By xal vvv 
vfilv eifvovg' xal sv&dds d^ si/btl avv TtoXXcp q)6^(p 
didyary. el odv oQwrp^ v/uag acon^Qiov ri ^ov- 
Xsvo/iivovg, akS-oifji av ngbg v/utg xal rovg S-sQa^ 
Tiovrag ndvrag l^fow. Xi^at" ovv ngog fie ri h 
v(p €xev€y (bg (pilov re xal evvow xal ^ovko/ierov 
xoivfj (fbv vfuv rbv (TtoXov noiBto&au ^ovXsvo- 3 
fihoig roig (SrQarriYolg sdo^ev dnoxQivad&ai rdds* 
xal sksyB X€iQlooq)og' *^Hfilv doxel, si fiiv rig id 
rj/Ltag dniiyai oYxadsy dianoQedeaQ-ai rrp^ x^Qav (bg 
av dwib/LuS-^ doivBdrara* rjv de rig rjfidg rfig odov 
djioxcoktjjjy dianoXe/Lielv rovnp wg av dvvd}fie&a 
XQdnata. ix rovrov sneiQaro Mid-Qaddrrjg didd- 4 
0X61V (bg ctnoQOV sitj ^acJiXecog clxotrrog cywSrjvai, 
h^&a dri BYi-YVfbaxeto Hri vnonefiTCCog rji^' xal yaQ 
r&v Ti(Saa(peQvovg ng olxeiwv TtaQrjxolovS^xsi ni- 
(fteiog svexa, xal ix rovrov idoxei rolg (TcgarriyoTg 5 
/iikriov elvat doyfia noiiiOadS-aL rbv noXtfiorv dxri- 
QVXTov alvaiy h'or h rfi noXefiicf sisv' di€(pS'€iQov 
ydQ nQoOiovreg rovg arQaridbrag, xal era ye lo^a^ 
ybv diiifS-eiQav NixaQ/ov ^AQxdda' xal (px^^ dniibv 
vvxrbg Ovv dvS-Qibnoig &g eixoOi. 

Meed ravr aQiOrriaavreg xal dta^dvreg rbv q. 
2kmAxav iKnafjiov knoQevovro retay/LtivoL rd tmo- 



94 LIB. III. CAP. III. 

l^v/ia xal rbv ox^ov iv fiiacp ^/ovTsg. ov noXv 
de nQOsXtjlvS-driov avribv i7iiq)aiv€Tai nahv 6 Ml- 
S-QaddzTjg, innsag exoiv d)S diaxociovg xal xo^&tag 
xat aq)€vdovrftag alg rsTQaxoOiovg fiai! ikaq)Qovg% 

7 xal euQibvovg. xal TiQoofiBi /llbv &g q)ikog &v TtQog 
Tovg "^'EkXrp^ag' kmsl d^ iyyvg iyiveto, i^anivrig ol 
fjuhv axnibv hd^svov xal iTiTifjg xal nel^oi, ot d^ 
ioq)svd6v(ji)v xal hirQwaxov. ol d^ omoS'ocpvXaXBg 
Twv "^Ekhfp^iDV eitaOxov /usv xax(bg, dvrsnoiow d^ 
ovdiv' OL re yaQ K^ffceg ^QaxvrsQa rcbv IleQOajv 
ho^evov xal d/Lca tpikol bvtsg eiOO) ribv onkcuv 
xarexixkrjvro, ol' % dxovzL&tal ^QaxvTSQa i^xovxil^ov 

s 7] d)g e^ixvslC&aL x(bv 0(fhvdovr\x(bv. ix xovxov 
Z^ocpibvxi iddxsi diwxriov slvar xal iSiwxov xwv 
dnhxibv xal xwv 7iBkxa(SX(bv oX Utvxov Ovv avrm 
onioS'OcpvXaxovvxBg* di(bxovx€g d^ ovdeva xaxsldju^ 

9 ^avov xwv no'kafilwv. ovxs yaQ LTtnfjg riCav xolg 
"^'Eklrjaiv ovd-^ ol nel^ol xovg TteQovg q)evyo7n:ag 
edvvavxo xaxaXa/u^^dveiv iv dXlyip ;fcwp/a>' tcoXv 
ycLQ ovx olov t* rp^ dnb xov ctllov OxQaxev^ 

10 fiaxog di(bx€iv' ot ds ^aQ^aQoi Innfjg xal q)€v~ 
yovxag cifju hixQWOxov elg xovthoS-sv xo^evovxeg 
dnb xcbv Xtitiwv, otioOov dk diw^Biav ol "^'Ekkrjvegy 

11 xoOovxov Tcdhv htavaxwQelv /Lcaxo/Lcivovg edei. &oxh 
xfjg rifiBQag okrjg dL7]X&ov ov nUov nhxs xal 
Bixooi aradiwvy dild deiltjg dq)ixovxo eig xccg 
xd)/iag. 

^'EvS-a dtj Ttdhv d&vuia ijv. xal XeiQiaoq)og 
xal ol nQsO/Svxaxoi xcov OxQarrjycjv Zevog)(bvxa 



LIB. III. CAP. III. 95 

r\riSivS^ 8ri idlwxev and rfjg (palayyog xal avrog 
r" ixivdvv€V€ xal rovg noXs/Lciovg ovdhv fialXov 
edvvaro ^Xanrsiv, dxovOag de Ssvocp&v eXay^ la 
on o^S-ajg ahiwvro xaircb ro aqyov avrolg fiaQ- 
rvQoli], dlX^ €j/c6, €q)r], tivayxaoS^ Siibxeiv, enu" 
di] iwQWv '^/u.ag h rw /u.6V€iv xax&g /llcv Tidoxov- 
rag, avrmoislv rf' oidh^ dwa/u^evovg. hteidri d^ 13 
idid)xo/LC6v, altjS^f %^^^ v/LLslg key eve' xaxibg /llsv 
yaQ noulv ovder /Ltdlkov idvvd/Lce&a rovg noXs/Lci- 
ovg, dv€XWQ0V/LLey dk ndvv x^^Xenibg. rolg ovv 14 
S-solg x^dQig on ov avv noXXfj ^difiji dXXd Ovv oXlr- 
yoig ijXS-ov, wars ^Xdtpai fihv jlltj fieydXa, driXibaai 
3^ &v ded/LcsO-a. vvv y^Q ^^ H^ noXefiioi ro^ev- 15 
ovCi xal OipevSovcboiv 8aov ov&* at KQfjreg dm-' 
ro^evsiv dijvavrai oij&* ol ex x^'^Q^S ^dXXovreg s^i- 
TcveioS-ar Urcav d^ avrovg di(&x(o/LC€v, noXv /Lcky 
ovx ^^^^ "^^ /cop/01^ dnb rov crQarev fiaxog didyxeiv, 
h oXiyip d^ ovd^ ei raxvg eiTj neV^bg neQbv av dir- 
(bxcjv xaTaXa/Li/idvoi ex r6§ov Qti/aarog, rifielg ovv le 
el (JLiXXofimf rovrovg eiqyeiv &ore /u.r] dvvaod-ai 
PXdTVceiv rj/u.dg noQevofievovg, Cq>evdovTjt(bv rtjv 
raxlortjv del xal Innewv. dxovo) 3^ elvai ev rw 
OrQaretj/Lcan '^/lowv ''Podiovg, &v rovg noXXovg q>a~ 
oiv bilaxaO&aL Ccpei^dovdv, xal rb /SeXog avrwv 
xal dmXdoiov cpeQeO&aL rtbv UeQaixibv Oq)evdov(bv. 
ixelvoL yctQ did rb /apoTr^Ty^ctre rolg Xi&oig aq)ev~ 17 
dovdv enl ^Qaxi) e^ixvovvrai, ol de ""Podioi xal 
ralg fioXv^dioiv eniaravrai /p^cT^at. ^y ovv av- is 
r(bv emoxeyjd}fie&a riveg nenavrai Oq)evd6vagy xal 



96 UB. III. CAP. III. IV. 

TOVTCOV jLUV dd)/u.6V TaxTov ctQ^VQiov^ Tip dh clXkag 
Tikixeiv sS-bIovti a)X aqyvQiov reXibfiey, xal rw Oq)€v- 
dovav h Tib T€Tay/Lt€V(p id-iXom a)lr]v xiv drelBiav 
evQiOxiofier, lOwg rivsg cpavovvxai Ixavol rifiag (bq)€-- 

19 )^iv. oQcb d' Ytitiovq ovrag h tw (TTQarevftaTiy 
Tovg fih xivag naq ifjioij rovg Se ribv KXeccQ/ot/ 
xaxoLksXeifjif^erovg, noilovg dh xal aX).ovg aiyuoLixb- 
rovg Oxevoq)OQOvvTag. av ovv rovzovg ndvrag ex- 
)J§avT€g ax€Voq)6Qa /lev dmScj/itev, rovg d^ YTUiovg 
eig iTiTiiag xaraOX€vdO(jj/LL€v, iocog xal ovroi ri rovg 

20 q)evyovrag dvidoovoiv. k'So^s xal rairia. xal rav- 
TTjg rfjg vvxrdg aq)€vdovfjTai> jlcsv elg diaxooiovg 
ayhovro, Vtitioi dk xal iTiTcfjg sdoxifJL&O&riaav rfj 
vOTBQaia elg neyrrixovray xal anoXddeg avrolg bio-- 
QiaS^OaVf xal YnnaQx^g &^^<^^d&rj Avxiog o IIoXv^ 
azQdrov ^Ad^aXog. 

IV. Msivavreg dh ravxrp^ rrp^ rjfisQav rfi dXkji 
krcoQevovro TiQwaireQov dvacrdvreg' xa^ddqav yctQ^ 
edei dia^rjvai iq)^ fi iq)0^ovvro fii} btiS-olvr avxolg 

2 dia^alvovoiv ol noXefiioi. dia^e^rixoOi d^ avrolg 
Tidhv htL(palverai 6 MiS-Qaddrtjg , €X(ov biitiag 
X^iUovg^ ro^orag dh xal aq)svdovi^ag stg rexQa^ 
xiO^iXiovg' roaovrovg yccQ fjrriOs TvOoacpiQVTiv, xal 
hla^ev v7ioOx6/LL€vog , av rovrovg Id^rj, naQadcb'- 
aaiv avrip rovg "^'EHrp/ag, xaraq)Qovi^Oag iki iv 
rfi nQooS^ev tiqoO^oI^ dUyovg e^o^v enaS-e /uev 

3 ovdivy 7To)ld dh xaxd kvdfiiQe noivOai. srcsl d^ ol 
^'Elkrjvsg dia^e^rixorsg dnslxov rfjg ^a^dd^ag Haov 
dxrct) OraSiovg, du^aive xal 6 Mi&Qaddrrig bxo)v 



LIB. III. CAP. IV. 97 

rrjv dvva/iiv. TtaQ'^'yyslro dh rcbv rs nskraOrwv ovg 
edst di(bx€Lv xai rwv bn'kirvjv, xal rolg Innevoi/y 
ei'QTjTo S-aQQOVOi dubzeiv dig icpeipo/LLSVtjg txavfjg 
dvvd/uecjg. knsl d^ 6 Mi&qadaTr]g xaT€ilTiq)6i, xal 4 
rjdr] (kpevdovai xal To^evfiax" e^cxvovvro, iO'^/Lcrp^B 
rolg "^'EllrjOL rfj aahtiyyiy xal sv&vg eS-eov bfiod 
olg eiQijro xal ol iTrnfjg rjlavvov ol d^ ovx edi- 
^avTo, a)X eq)6vyov kil xriv x^Q^^Q^^* ^ ravrrj 5 
rfj di(b^Bi rolg ^aQ^aQoig rwv re 7ieC,(X)v oTis&avov 
Tiollol xal T(bv Inmcov h rj] /aQadQcc l^cool aAi}- 
cp&riaav Big dxrcDxaldexa. rovg d^ dnoO-avovrag 
avToxeksvCToi ol ""Ekhrp^eg fixioavro, wg otl cpo^e- 
Qibraroi rolg noXsfiloig sler oQdv. 

Kal ol /Lt€V nols/LLioi ovro) UQa^avrsg dnrjl- 6 
S-ov, ot d^ "^'Ellrp^sg aOq)aX(bg noQevojuerot to 
Xomov rrjg rifieQag dq)ixovTo im rbv TiyQtira no- 
ra/LLov. evravS-a noXig r\v Bqr\(jiif\ /ueydXtj, ovofia 7 
d^ airtfi AdQiCCa' wxovv d^ avrriv xd nalaibv 
Mfidoi,. Tov dh Tsi/ovg avrrjg r[y rb evQog Tcevre 
xal eixoOi ndSeg, vipog d^ ixaxov rov Sh xvxkov 
rj nsQiodog d^o naQaadyYar wxodo/uijto dk nUv- 
&Oig X6Qa/LC€alg' XQTinlg d' VTifjv hS-ivrj rb iiipog 
sYxoOi nod(bv. TavTrjv ^aaiXsvg b IlsQOibVy ore 8 
TiaQct Mrjdwv rijv dQxv^ ild/i^avov IleQOai, noli- 
OQXwv ovdevl TQonq) idvvaS-^ ilelv rjhov Sh vecpe" 
ktj nQOxahiyjaCa ricpdviae, fJi^y^^i i^€)unov ol ard-QO)- 
noiy xal ovTCjg edict), nagd tavTTjv rrjv nohv fp^ 9 
nvQa/Ltig Xid-ivri, rb jlibv evQog ivbg nXe&QOV, rb d^ 
vxjjog dvo nkeS-Qcov. enl Tavrrjg nollol rcbv /?«p- 

XenophoDtis Anab&sis. 7 



98 LIB. III. CAP. IV. 

^aQ(DV riOav ez rwr nhrjOiov xio/acbv 7i€q)evy6T€g. 

10 ^EvrevS-ey d^ snoQev&rjOav CtaS-fibv sva na^a- 
(S&yyag a^ TtQog relxos e^tj/iov fieyahri noXai nQoOxalr- 
fievoVy, fj ovofia ^ Meonika' M^doi d* avrj^ nor 
ipxow' riv d^ ri jllsv XQTjTiig Xi&ov ^eotov Tioyx^lAaTov, 
xb evQog neirctixovra nod&v xal rd ihpog Tiem^'- 

11 xovra. anl di Tavrji en(pxoS6/Lcrp:o nUv&LVOv relxog, 
rd /isv €VQog nevc'i^xovra nodcbv, rd d^ ilipog ixardv 
rov ds relxovg 17 neQiodog sS naQaaayyai. irrav- 
&a Xsysrai Mrideia yvvri ^aoiXecog xaracpvyelv, St' 

12 &ii(bXkvCav rriv aQXW ^^ UeQCwv Mfjdou rav^ 
Ti]v dh rriv nohv nohoQX&v 6 IleQOajv ^aOiXsvg 

ovx ed'dvaro oiira XQ^^V ^^^^ ^^^ ^^' ^^^S ^^ 
I^Qovrfj xarmXri^B rovg hoixovvrag, xal aiJrcog idXco. 

13 ^Eyrev&€v (J' knoQev&ipav arad'iLLdv eya nccQa- 
a&yyag rsrraQag. atg rovrov da rov dra&fibv 
Ti^aaaq)aQVTjg biacpavrif ovg r avrbg btniag rik&ev 
ax(Jt)v xal rriv ^OQovra dvvafjuv rov rrp^ ^aOiXaayg 
ihjyaraQa axovrog xal ovg KvQog ^(ov dva^t] ^aQ~ 
P&Qovg xal ovg 6 ^aOilacDg ddahpbg axo)v ^aOikal 
a^ori&Bi, xal n^dg roihoig Soovg ^aCikavg adoaxav 

14 avr(p, aiora rb OrQarav/Lca nd/LcnoXv iq)dvri. knai 
d^ ayyvg ayavaro, rag fikv rwv rdSacov omoO^ev xara-- 
arrjOag, rag d^ alg rd nkdyva naqayayibv i/i^aksiv 
/LLev ovx hdX/LLTiaev ovd^ a^ovX^o diaxivdwevaiv , 

16 og)avdovdv dk naqifyyaika xal ro^avaiv. htal da &ia- 
raxd'avrag ol *^P6dioi a0q)avd6vr]0av xal ol ro^drai 
hd^avoav xal ovdalg tj/LidQravav dvdQdg, ovda yaQ 
at ndvv nQovd^Vfialro Qc^diov rp^y xal 6 Tioaaq>aQvrig 



LIB. III. CAP. IV. 99 

fiaXa raxecDQ i'^o) ^€lwv aTts/coQei xal ii/Lc at xa^sig » 
dnsxdoQTi^av. xal rb lombv rfjg rjfiiQag ol /iky irco^ 16 
Q6VOVTO, 01 S^ siTtorro' xal ovxhi iolvovro ol ^Aq^ 
^aQOi rfj x6xh axQo^oUaer fjtaxQ6rsQov yaQ oV re 
^Pddidi T(bv rfsQCtov 60q)€vd6vci)v xal ribv ro§oT(ffy 
ol Ttolkol hd^evov. fieyaka dh xal xa x6§a tic n 
JJsQOixd itftiv &OXB ;f()7}(Xt/^a ^ ondoa dkkfxoixo xoTg 
KQf](fl, xal durtilox/y /()c6/f6yoe tote x(bv noXe/Lclajv 
xo^tufia(Siy xal ifiskerODV xo^edetv civvo lirxeg /LtaxQoiv. 
riiqiOTcerto dh xal vevQa nolXcc h xalg xdbjuaig xal 
/jLoXv^dogy &ate /Q'^aS-av €ig xdg Oq)eyd6vag. kal 18 
xavtjj jLth xfl iifiiqay htel xaxeaxQOZOTieSedovxo ol 
"^'EiJcriPBg xibfiaig biitvx6vxeg, Stjc^kS-ov ol ^(XQ^aQot 
fielov ^/ovxeg rfj dxQo^olloer xrjv &" kniovaav "fj/u^ 
^av ^jneirav ol ^'EiXrivsg xal insaixicfarto' ^ /aQ 
nokvg dixog ir xaig xtb/itaig. xfj ^^ toisQaiq stco-^ 
QBVovxo did xov nediov, xal TiOCaq)iQvrig iiit^o 
dx^^'kUCfifieyog. 

''EyS'a di] ol ""Ekhiveg eyvwaav TiXaitJiov l66^ 19 
7ik^^X)v ikt TtovTjQd xd^ig bXt} noXsfiimv sTto/ievcov. 
drdyxri ydq i&vi/y, ijv /ihr dvyxiiTtTr] xd xeqarta xov 
Tthtifflov ij Sdov (Ttevot^Qag ovatjg ij 6q€WV draYXtx^ 
l^ovxwv ij ^eq>ijQagf ix&U^ea&ai xovg dnXlxag xal 
noQe^saS-ai Ttovi^Qwg Sl/ia fihv m^ofihovg, &fia dh 
xal xagaxxo/iivovg, wCxe dvo^QriOxovg elvai dxd- 
xrcovg dvrag' htav S" ai didoxxi '^^ xe^ata, dvdyxri 20 
diaOTtafSd'ai roijg x&cb kxS-Xi^ofjihovg xal xeydv y/- 
yvBiS^ai xh fjv^ov xcbv XB^dxojv, xal dSvfislv xoi)g 

xavxa ndaxovxag TtoX^/Ltlcov hnofierory. xal dn&rs 

7* 



100 LIB. III. CAP. IV. 

^ dioi yicpvQav dia^aiveiv i] allrjv riva dia^aOiVy 
sonevdev sxa&tog ^ovXd/Luvog q)0'dOai 7iQ(brog' xal 

21 €{fS7ii&evov fp^ hravd-a roig Ttoke/iioig. ensl Sk tout 
eyviDCav ol (JTQarr]yol, snoiriOav €§ koxovg av €;c«- 
xbv (ivdqag^ xal koxayovg kmiarriaav xal ctkkovg 
7iem]X07n:f]Qag xal ailovg svwfiordQxovg. oUroc ^s 
noQSvd/LLeyoi dndre /aev ovyxvnroi ra xigara vn-- 
ifieyov ol sreQoiy &otb /llt] ho^^lv Tolg xsQaOi, tovq 

22 dh TtaQTJyov eScoS-sv r(bv xeQarcov. dn&te dk dia^ 
OxoiBV al TtXsvQal rov nkaitflov, rd fieCov &v k^e-- 
nlfAJikaoav, al fiky (JrsvdrsQov eitj rd Suxov, xara 
Xdxovg, si dh nlaTvrcQov, xara nevTtjXoorvgf el da 
Ttdvv nXarv, xar ivw/LcoTiag' &(Tt dal axjikacov alvat 

23 rb /LuOov. el dk xal Sia^alvaiv rivd Sioi did^aifiv,. 
ovx haQdrrovro, dkl' ay rw fiiQai ol loxa^yol die- 
^aivov* xal Stiov daoi xi Ttjg q)dXaj^^og, aJimaQfjOar 
oUroi. 

TovT(p rip xq&fKp inoQavS^aav Ora&iLiovg r^- 

24 raQag. rp^lxa dh rov nifinrov bioQavovro, aldov 
/iaClXacdv n xal naql avrb xibfiag TtoXkdg, rijr <?' 
ddbv TiQbg xb x^Q^ov xovxo did yrjldqxjov vyrrik&v 
yiyvofihrpfy oi xa&fjxov dnb rov oQovg, v(p* ^ ijv 
il X(hfi7i. xal aldov /Lckv xovg l6<povg ciOfiavoi ot 
""'EkXrivagy (hg alxbg x(bv nola/ilcov Hvxidv Ijinicov^ 

25 anal da noQavd/LLavoi ax xov nadlov dvi^rjOav bit 
xbv TiQcbrov yiikocpov xal xaxi^airov, (bg enl rbv^ 
^aQov dva^aivaiv, avrav&* biiyiyvovxai ol ^dQ^aQoi 
xal anb xov vxprjXov alg xb TiQavag a^aXlov, atSifer^ 

26 ddvcjv, ho^avov vnb fiaoxiyaiv, xal noilovg hi-^ 



1 



LIB. III. CAP. IV. 101 

TQcoaxov xal ixQartjOav ribv "^Ellrp^cov yv/Lcvrfvaiv 
xai yMzixlfiOav avzovg sloo) xwv StiIcov w&vs nav^ 
raTCaOi raiiTrjv rip^ rjfiiQav axQT]Oroi> ^oav ev rep 
(lx^(p ovreg xal ol Cq)evdov7ftai xai ol ro^drai. kmel 27 
dh ms^o/isvoi ol '"EkkTjveg €7i6X€lQr]aav dubxsiv, (fX^^H 
/ikv knl rd clxQov dq)ixvoi)rrat onXlrat Hvreg, ol dh 
nole/LLMi ra/v dnsjiriSwv. ndXiv d' 6716TB dnloier 28 
TiQdg rb alio OT^aravfia raiir maoxov, xal enl xov 
d^vTBQOV ^r]k6q)ov raiir ij^iyvevo, wor ojib rov 
rqirov 'yr]k6q)ov h'doSer avrolg fii] xivelv rovg (TtQa-- 
ridbrag, tiqIv and rfig de^iag nlevgag rov n'kaioiov 
avriyayov neXraOrdcg nqbg rb S^og. knal d^ oiroi 29 
ayhovro vtibq r(bv kiofiho^v tioIb/iIcdv, oixhi sna^ 
rl&€vro ol 7ioli/LLi>oi rolg xara^aivovOi, dedidreg /j^ij 
dnor/^TI&siTiaav xal d/LuporiQcoS-ev avr&v yh^oivS-^ ol 
noXi/uoi. oiJra) rb kombv rfjg "fj/LLBQag noQevo/i^voi, 80 
ol fjih rfi 6S(p xaroL rovg Yrik6q>ovgy ol dk xark rb 
oQog inmaQidrreg, dq)lxovro stg rdg xibfiag' xal ia~ 
rQoi)g xariorriOav dxrcb ' noiXol ydg ^aav ol revQOD- 
fihoi. svrav&* efieivav rifisQag r^alg xal r(bv re- 31 
rQco/LcivcDv evsxa xal cifia rdmn^deva nolXd slxov, 
akevQa, olvov, XQi&dg Iknaioig Ov/i^e/ikri/iirag noildg. 
ravra dk Owevrjvey/Lcira ^ rep aarQaneuovri rfjg 
XO)QCcg. 

TetdQrrj (J' "flf^Q^f xara^alvovifiv eig rb Tisdlov. 
knel dk xariXa^er avroig Tt.aoaq)€Qvi]g (firy rfj dwd- 32 
fiaif idida§ey avrovg ^ dvayxtj xaraOxrjV^aai,, oZ 
nQonov eldov xibfirp^, xal /jiri noQevsaS-ai an /u.axo~ 
fihovg' nollol ydg r\oav ol dnofiaxoij di ra retg(o~ 



102 LIB. III. CAP. IV. 

/ihoi xod ol ixslvovg qiiQovreg xal ol tojv q)6Q6v~ 
83 Tiav Toc onka de^&fi^oi. knd dh xaTsaxrivrjOav xal 
BTiexsiQTjOav avrolg dxQo^okl^soS'iu ol ^olq^uqoi tiqos 
xrpf Xihfiip^ TiQoOidvreg, noli) TieQirjoav ol ^'EkXrjveg' 
nolv yoLQ di£g)€Q6v ix x^Q^S 6Q/LL(bvTag aX^aaO-ai 
^ noQSVo/LLevovg eniovOi xolg nolefuoLg fiaxBOO-au 
34 "qvlxa d^ ^ ijdri deih], oi^a i]v anihai rolg tioXs- 
fMoig' oijTiortB y&Q fiBiov aJiBOXQaronedevovTo ol jS«()"- 
fiaQOL Tov "^ JDlriviXov i^xovra (Txadiiov, cpo^ov- 
(JL^OL (171 TTjg vvxzbg ol ""Ekkrp^eg eJU&(bvTai avroig. 

36 novriQbv yaq vvKc^g loxt oxq&T^fjun IUqCixov. oV 
Ts ycfcp iTZTioi odrtolg didevrai xal (bg enl xb noXv 
7iBJiodi0fjUyoi elal xov /n^ri (pevyuv erexa el kvO-slriaav, 
idv xi xig S-oQV^og yij^vijiai, Sel smo&^at xbv Xtvjvov 
niQOji qlvSqI xou ;fa^yci&(;(w, Sel xal S-iDQaxtod-ivxa 
ara^^ai enl xbv Xnnov. xaOxa dh nAvxa ;fatota 
r6xrc(DQ xal S-oq^^ov ovxog. xoijxov h/exa 7i6qqco 

86 &nB(S7CflV0W X(bv '^'E^7\V{»V. €7161 d^ iyij^vioOxov ai3- 

xoi;g ol ""EKlrjveg ^ovXo/ih^ovg dniivai xal diayyaXko- 
/Ltivovg, BX^Qv^a xolg "^'EkktiOi OvOxevAl^eaS'av dxov- 
dvxwv x&v noXBfJi^lmy. xal /(w>yoy fiiv xiv kncSoxov 
xfjg nogelag ol ^OQ^agoh ^nudii d^ difjh iyljryero, 
dnfjaav ov ydq iddxei Waiv aircoijg vvxrcbg nogeij^ 

37 BCS-ai xal xaxaYsaS-ai inl xb OxQaxdnsdov. hieidii 
dh 0c^(p(bg amovxag rjdrj kihgo^v ol "^'EkkrivBg, bioQev- 
ovxo xal avxol dval^Bij^avxeg xal ditjlS-ov S(fov if^- 
xovxa cxadiovg. xal yiyretac xqOovxov /u^a^v x(bv 
dxqaxBVfidxmv &oxb xfj vOxBgaiif ovx Bq)dvrj(fav ol 
noki/LCioi ovdk xfi XQixfi' xfj dh xevaQxtj vvxrcbg ngo^ 



4 - 



LIB. III. CAP. IV. 103 

ek&dvTBg xarakafi^dvovOi ;f coptW vne^di^iov ol /?«p- 
^aQoi, fi BfieiJkov ol "^'Elkrjvsg naQisvav, axQOivvxioLv 
oQovg, v(p rjv ^ xard^aoig i]v stg rb nediov. hut-- 88 
dii d^ icoQa XetQloocpog nQoxarsikri/LL/ievijr rip^ dxQW^ 
vvxioiv, xalei S^oq>(bvr and xfjg ovQdg xal xskavai 
Xa^pyra rovg 7i€Xra(Tt&g naQayeyia&ai elg rd ngo^ 
C&ev. 6 dk S^oq)cbv rovg fjuh nekraorhg ovx ^yey' 39 
imq)aiv6fieyov ydtg iibga Tiaaaq)SQvi]v xal t6 otQa- 
TBVfia Ttav avrdg dh TtQoOeXdOag riQiina Ti xdkelg; 
6 dh kiyet avTW' ''E^soriv oQav TiQoxaxeiXrprtai ydq 
rifjuv 6 vnhQ rfjg xaza^doscog k6q)og, xal ovx ecti 
naoBkO-elVj el fir} rovrovg djioxdtfjo/iey. dlkd rl 40 
ovx fiyeg roi)g nsXracTtdg; 6 Sk Uyst 8ti ovx sdoxei 
avT(p igtifjia xaraXmalv rd oma&ev noke/Lclcjv sni^ 
q)aivo/Lciyayy. IdXkd firpf &qa y*, eq>r], ^ovkeveO&ai, 
nwg Tig rohg ciydqag dnai^ dnb rov k6q)ov. ev~ 4i 
TathS'tt S^oqmv 6q^ rov oQovg rrjv xoQvqyfjv vtzcq 
airtov rov iavr&v OTQarev/iarog oixsavj xal dnd 
ra'&cfig ikpodov bil rdv k6<pov svS-^ ffiav ol noU/iioi, 
xal Hyer K^dncfrov, & X€iQiaoq)€y rifiiv YecB-ax &g 
rdyiySri &nl rd cIxqov fjfv yaQ rovro Id/ico/Ltsy, oi 
dwridovrai /jbheiv ol wthq rfjg odov. dXX\ el /?(w5- 
k€i, /Lth^e BJil r^ orQare^/Lcari, iycb d^ i&ila) no- 
Q&L>B(S&ar el dh XQiK^^^y tioqbvov kml rb Hqog^ ayd) 
dh [ji^m avrov. ^AXla dldco/Lcl Oot, ligpiy 6 Xblqi" 42 
Ooq)og, bn&CBQov /io'CfXeL iUo&ai. xal ebtwr 6 iSf- 
voq>(bv &ti vBibxBQog ioriv aiQelrai noQedeoS'ai, xb- 
Xbvbc d^ ol ovfiTiBfiipai dnb rov ax6fiarog avd^ag' 
fjumqbv ydq ijy dnb rfig ovQdg ka^alv. xal 6 Xbl- 43 



104 LIB. III. CAP. IV. 

Qlaoq)og OvfinijLcnsi roi^g and rov OrdfjiaTog nslra- 
(Udg, ila/ie de xovg y.axa fieOov rov nXausiov. Ow- 
ineaS-ai d^ kxikevasv avrcb xal xovg TQiaxoolovg ovg 
avrbg elxs rtbv enileTcrcaiv kii r(p (Tt6/u.aTi rov nXac- 

44 aiov. ivrevS-er enoQ^ovto (bg sdvvavro rd/^iora. 
oi d^ ml rov l6q)ov nolifjuoi (bg iroTjaav avr(bv 
rrjv noQslav inl rd axQoVy svS^g xal avrol ojq/lcti'- 

45 oav afjuXlaaS-ai snl rd axqov. xal evravS^a noXkr] 
jLcev XQav/rj fiv rov "^Ekhrp/ixov dr^arevfiarog <?*«- 
xeXevo/Lceycjv rolg eavribvy nolli] dh xal r&v a/Ltcpl 

46 TLOaaq)BQvriv rolg iat/twv dmxskevo/Lcivcjv. Zevoq)wv 
dh TtaQslaiirwv snl rov Ynnov naQcxekevsto • ^'Avd^BSy 
vvv snl rrjv ^EXkdSa vo/ll11^€&* ctfidXaoS-ai, vvv ngog 
rovg naldag xal rag ^^vvalxagy vvv okiyov novri- 

47 Oavreg afia^el rrjv loinrp^ noQevOo/LceO-a. ^onriQidag 
d^ 6 ^ixv(hviog elnsv' Ovx i^ ioov, & Sevoq)(bv, 
i(y/i€v' Cv jLcey yccQ iq)^ innov dxsl, efdy dh x^^^^^^g 

48 xd/ivo) rijv dcnida q)iQa)v. xal 8g dxo^xSag ravra 
xaranridriaag and rov Ynnov (bS-elrai, avrdv ix rfjg 
rd^scjg xal rijv donlda dcpekof^evog wg edvvaro rce- 
Xi(^a €X0)V kiOQsv^o' hvyxoLvs dh xal S-ibgaxa 
excov rbv tnmxdv &0r inieCeto. xal rolg /ihv e/Lt- 
ngooS-sv vndysiv naQexeXsv^o, rolg d^ Uni^oS-Bv nag^ 

49 ih^ai fidXig knofievog. ol d^ allot orQaricbrai naiovOi 
xal ^dllovOi xal XoidoQovOi rov SafrrjQidaVf eOr i^vdy- 
xaOav dvala^ovra rrjv donida noQ€V€(J&ai. 6 d^ ova-- 
^dg, h'cog /ihv ^dai/na rjVy snl rov Unnov 7]ysv, snsl 
d^ a^ara ijv, xaraXmcbv rov Xnnov sOnsvds n^fi, 
xal cp&dvovaiv snl rep dxQip ysvo/usvot rovg noksfilovg. 



LIB. III. CAP. V. 105 

€q)6V'/ov fi sxaOrog advvaro, ol d^ '^'Eklrjveg elx^ov rb 
axQov. ol d^ afi(pi Tiaaaq)€Qvrjv xal ^AqioXov omo^ 
TQanoiLceroi ciXlrp^ oddv to/^ovro. ol d^ dfiq)i XsiqI- 
aoq)ov xara^dvrsg iOTQaronedevowo ey xcb/ur] fieoxfi 
7io)l(bv ayaS-Cbv* r\oav dk xal Sklai x(b/Ltai noXkal 
TihfiQBis noXk&v aya&(bv ev toijtw rdp nsdlcp naQdt. 
rbv TiyQTjfta norta/biov. rjvixa S^ i^v deilt], i^anivrjg 8 
ol Tioli/iioi knicpaiv^vrai h T(p nsdia), xal rwv 
'^EkX'^^wv xarheoyjdv rivag rwv eOxedaa/Liho}v xa&^ 
aQ7iayr]fi^' xal yaQ vo/btal nokkal ^oOxtj/LcaTwr dia- 
^t^al^o/Lcerai elg rb nsQav xov norafiov xarcekri^ 
q)Oi]Cav. ivrav&a Tiaaaq)aQvrig xal ol avv avrtp 3 
xdeify B7i€xslQr](Jav xdg xtb/uag, xal x&v ""Ekkrivo^v 
fjidV r\S^fir\(Sdv xivsg, ivvoov/LLeyoi fii] xaTiirvfidsia 
ovx €X^iev OTtdS-sv Xa/i^dvoisv. xal ol fisr d/iq)l 4 
XuQidocpov dnfiOav & dh Ssvoq)(bv kiel xaxi/^tj, 
TiaQshxvvwv xdg xd^eig skeyev' ^^Oqoz, & avd^eg, 6 
vq)i€vxag xrjv ^ibQav ijdri rj/Ltn:iQav elvai; ol' y 6V 
idnkvdovxo dianqdxxovxOy fjui] xdeiv xrjv ^aOilewg 
X,(i>QaVy vvv avxol xdovOiv tbg dlloxglay. diX idv 
nov xaxaXlncoOl y ianxolg xdnixrideia, oipovxav xal 
rifiag irxavS-a noQSVo/LLsvovg. dXk\ c5 XBLQiaoq>B, 6 
ligpT/, doxel /uoi, ^ori&slv knl xovg xdovxag (bg vtibq 
T7]g rifi^iqag. 6 dh X€iQlOoq)og slnev' Ovxovv €/Ltoi- 
ye doxsl' dlXd xal tjuelg, eg)!], xdcj/LLsy, xal ovxco 
S-dxxov navoovxai. 

^End d^ hil xdg axtivdg dnfjlS-ov, ol fiev clkkoi i 
tibqI xdjzix^deia fiOav, ol oxQaxrjyol dh xal lo^ayol 



106 LIB. III. CAP. V. 

OwfjOar. xal ivtav&a tioU.t] dnoQia ijy. ev&ev 
/L(.hv y&p OQTj Tjy VTiBQiJXfrrila, evS-ay rf' 6 nora/Ltdg 
roifovTog xb ^d&og wCre firidh xa (JdpaTa vneQ^eiv 

8 nsiQW/iivoig xov fid&ovg. anoQovfjihoig rf* avxolg 
nQoaek&ibv xig dvriQ JP^diog elTiey' ^Eyib eS-iloo, & 
ilvdgeg, dia^i/idaou v/mg xaxd xetQOXiaxt^ovg oTiXi^ 
xag, idv /lot wv diofjuu vnTjQetrjOrixe xal xdXavxov 

9 fjivoS-bv TiOQlOTjfte. iQOJXcb/ierog d^ Hrov dioixo ^AoxGrVj 
€q)rj, diOxi'^tov d&fiOofjiar noild S' 6q& nqd^arta 
xal afyag xal fiovg xal dvovg, & dnodaQevxa xal 

10 q)V(friS'ivxa Qccdiwg &v nagix^i xriv dcd^aOiv. de- 
rioofiai 3k xal x&v dadfji&v olg X9V^^^ ^^^ '^^ 
VTto^tJytcc* Tovxoig ^eiJ^ag roi>g dtfxo'bg TtQdg dXXi^ 
Xovg, 6Q/il(fag Uxadxov daxbv klSvvg d^riCag xal 
dcpslg &07t€Q dyx'iqag dg xh iIScdq, diayayibv xal 
dfjLqxnkqiXiS'^ di\Cag sJii^aM) {jXTfy xal yfjv kruqxh- 

11 QTioo}* iki /i€v ovv oi> xaxadvOB(s9^ avxlxa fi6X 
€}!a€a9'€' nag yaQ doxbg rfiJo avd^ag s^ei xov jLtij 
xaxadvvai. &axB dk fiij dho&dvBiv, ij illrj xal ^ 

12 yfj 0x^1061. dxovoadi xavxa xolg OXQartriyoig rb /iky 
h&ijfirifia x^Q^^ iSdxei elvai, xb d^ egyov ddtjva-- 
XOV' '}]Oay yap ot xioXiioorxeg niQav TiolkiA bm^^g, 
6i €{fSi)g xolg TiQtbxoig oidh &v enhQenov xaiixiov 
noiMv. 

13 ^EvxavSu xrpf /Lckv ixneqaUty knavsxAqow bIq 
xoiifjmaXiv alg xdg dxaiioxovg x(b/iag, xaxaxwoOav-- 
xag eyO-Bv i^Oav* woS-^ ol noXifiioi oi> 7tQ0(Jrilavy€yy, 
diX i&B&vxo xal b/ioioi ijOav S-av/LcaCovOiv, Snoi 
noxk xgixpovxat ol "^'Hkijyeg xal xL h v(p ^otsy. 



LIB. III. CAP. V. 107 

hravS^ ol fxh^ cllXoi hil rannrideia fjoav ol 8e u 
OTQartriyol ndXiv owrjX&ov, xal avvayayovTsg rovg 
kahxntdxag ilXeyxov ttjv xiixlip ndoav /^(bqav tig 
ixd^trj SLTj. ol S^ ekeyov Hxi xd fiey nqbg /LLSOrj/Ur- i6 
Pgiav rfjg bil Ba^vlwva airi xal MrjSlaVy dC rjO^ 
TiBQ rjxoLey, 17 de TiQog eco bil 'Sovaa xb xal ^Ex- 
^dzava q)€QOi>, ev&^ eaQijC^eiv Xeyevai ^aifilevg, 17 
dk dia^avxt xbv norcafibv TiQog ionigav snl Avdlav 
xal ^larylav q>iQOiy rj Sh did xcbv dgiiov xal nqbg 
SIqjcxov xeCQa/u^/Lcevrj bxi elg KaQdoiJx^ovg dyoi. xov~ 16 
xovg d^ M(pa(Sav oixelv dvd xd OQrj xal noke/uxovg 
dvaiy xal ^aCikiiDg ovx dxotJBCv, dild xal i/Lc^akelv 
nori slg ainovg ^aaiXixijr OxQaxidv dibdexa jllvqi-- 
ddag* Toijxwv S^ oi>dy* djiovooxTjoai did xriv dva~ 
^WQiav, dndxs /levxoi nqbg xbv OaxQanrjv xbv iv 
Tip nedUp (STtaUsaivxOy xal krufiiyvvvai oq)(bv xb nqbg 
iXBivovg xal bxbiviov Jtqbg iauxoijg. dxo^OavxBg xavff' 17 
ol Oxqaxtfyol Bxd&iOav x^Q^ ''^^^^ ixaaxaxdOB q>d'- 
oxovxag Bldivai, oidkv drjkov noii^OavxBg ihioi tioqbij- 
B0d^i %fiBkh>v. iddxBi da xoig (TtQaxriyoig dvayxaiov 
bIvoh did x&v d^iiov slg KagdoTixovg sjn^dlkBiv xov- 
Tovg ydg diBk&ovxag B(paCav Big l^Q/uBviav ij^Biv, rig 
' O^dvxag ijQx^ noilfig xal evdaifiovog. bvxbvS-bv 3^ bv- 
noQov ^q)a(fav alvai Hnoi xig b&bXoi TtoQBVBO&ai. knl 18 
To^oig iS^aavxo, Ihtiog ^vixa xal doxoitj xfjg &ifag 
xipf TioQBiav noioivxo* xip^ ydQ vtibq^oKtiv x&v 6qbwv 
^idioav fjiri 7iQ0xaxaXriq)3'BiTj' xal naQriyyBi'kavy btibi- 
dij dBinvfi6Biav, ovOTWvaOafjUvovg ndvxag avanaV" 
BO&ai, xal hiBCS-ai rp^ix av xig TiaQayyiXkr], 



108 LIB. IV. CAP. I. 



A. 



6 I. *^Hvixa d^ riv aucpl rrp^ Tekevralav cpvXaTcriv 

xal ilsineto rfjg vvxrbg boov Oxoxaiovg dul&slv to 
nsdiovy TTjvixavT dvaazavreg and naQayyeXoscog 
noQevo/isvoi acpvxvovvTai tifia rfj "^/^Qcc TZQog to 

6 oQog. erS-a dij XBiQiaoq>og fih rfyelTo tov orQa- 
Tsv/LtaTog la/iwv rd d/^g?' axrtbv xal Tovg yvfivfj[cag 
TtAvTagy S^ocp(bv dh dvv Tolg dnioS-oqydXa^iv onXiTaig 
siTieto oifSsva e^oyv yv/Ltvfjra' ovdslg yoQ xivdwog 
iddxei slvaiy fii\ Tig avm noQevofieViov ex rov otU" 

7 oS-ev kniOTiovto. xal enl fih t6 cbcQoy dva^aivei 
XsiQlaocpogy TtQiv Tivag ataS-iO&ai ribv nole/uayy* 
ensLTa d^ vqyrjyslTo* ecpsbwco d^ ad Td vnsQ^dXkov 
TOV (JTQaTsv/iaTog elg Tag x(bfjLag Tag ay Toig clj^xeot 

8 T€ xal fivxolg twv 6q€(ov. erS-a dt] ol /LLhv Koq^ 
dov^oi exhnovTsg Tag olxiag sxovTeg xal ywaixag xal 
naldag 6(p€vyov sjil Td Hqt]. ra d^ ejiin^deia noXkd 
Tjv hxfi^dvetVy "^Oav dk xal ;f«Axc&//.a(yi 7ia/4Jt6Xkoig 
xaTsOxsvaa/uivai at obclai, &v ovder €q)eQOV ol ^'JEX- 
Irjveg, ovSe Tovg dvd-Qibnovg sdlioxor, vnoq)€i>d6/ieyoi, 
ei Tiwg eS^eli^Oeiav ol KaQdov^oi Siiivai avToi)G cog 



1 ^'Oaa fxiv dij iv Tfj dvapdoBi iyivsTO iii'^i t^ 
f^dxtjg, xai Saa iiaxd rijv y-dxrjv ev ratg OTtovdalg 8g fia- 
ailei>g nat ol atv Kdgcp dva^dvTeg ^'EXXrjveg iTtovfyjorvOy 
nal baa Ttaqa^dvrog Tdg CTtovddg ^aaiXiiog tuxI Tiaaa- 
q)€Qvovg iTtolefiT^d'rj Ttqdg xobg ^'EXkr^vag iTCayLoXovdovwog 
TOV negainov arQarevfiavog, iv r^ Ttgdad-ev X&yifi dsdi^- 
Xwxai, 



LIB. IV. CAP. I. 109 

^la q)iklag rfjg /copap, sneineQ fiaOiXel noXifiioi 
ridav ra [ihncoi snirrideia bnov Tig iniTvyx^^o^ ^ 
ild/LL^avov' avayKTi yag ijy. ot dk KaQdovxoi oihs 
xaXovrrcov vnipcovov ovt ailo cpiXixdr ovdkv snolovv. 
bul d^ 01 reket/taioi r&v "^E^lip^wv xari^aivov sig lo 
rd^g xfbfiag obtb rov cIxqov ^di] axoraloi — dia 
yoLQ rd OT^rp^ elvcu Tijv 6d6v SXrjv rijv iifjUQav ij 
dvd^aaig avroig eyh^o — t6tb dij avXkeyivreg 
rivhg T&v Kaqdotix^'^ '^ofe reXevraloig eniS-evro, 
xal cbtixT€ivdv rivag xal ki&oig xal ro^sv/iaai 
xarhQioOav, dUyoi Hvreg' i^ anqoadoxifvov ydq 
avroig enineoe rd ^Ekkrjvix&y. et fjUvroi rore ii 
Ttkaiovg owsXiyrjOav, ixivd'dvevaey &v diacpd-aQtjvai 
noXif rov OrQarevfiarog. xal raiirrp^ /iky rrp^ rdxra 
oikoog sr raig xdbfiaig rjvlioSriOav' ol ds KaQdov^oi 
TivQa TidiX sxaov xiJxX(p inl r(bv dQiiov xal avv~ 
B^deov dXhrikovg. 

"^'Afjia dh rfi iifiiQCt owek&ovoi xolg arQarriyoig 12 
xal Xoxayoig rcbv "^EXkip^cav ido^e ribv rs vno^vyicov 
ravayxala xal dwardrcara exovrag noQedso&ai, 
xarahndwag r&Xla, xal ba^ ^ vsioOrl alx/Ltdkcora 
h T^fi (frqaxi^y ndvr dcpuvax. axokalav yd^ enoi- la 
ow r^ TioQelay noild bvra rd v7iot,ijyia xal rd 
atx/^karraf noXXol rf' ol snl rovroig ovrsg and- 
/laxoi ijcJaVf dmXaaid re rdnirridBia edei noQiQsa&ai 
xal g)iQ€OS'ai nokXcbv twv drS-Qcbncov ovtcdv, d6~ 
§av dh ravra sxriQV^av oiJrw noieiv. 

^Ertel d^ aQiOti^Oavrsg ino^edovro, sjiKU'^Oavreg u 
sr rip Orevcp oi OrQarrjyoi, ei ri evQiOxoiey rwv 



1 10 LIB. IV. CAP. I. 

etQTifiivcDv fiTj dcpei/isvoVf dq)r]QovvrOf ol &' htei- 
&ovro, Tik'^ ei rig ri sxketpeyy olov ^ naidbg sni^ 
S^fj/flCag ij yxjvambs T(bv BUTtQenibv. xai ravrrjv 
/lev rify '^/isQcev ovrcog moQ€V&r]0av, t& /ih^ ri 
[iax6[ji^oi Tc. dh xal dvanav6/4£Voi. 
16 Elg dk rip^ "dot^aitxv yiyvecai /€e^i*ow noWg, 

dvayTcalov &* ijv noQBdetf&ai' ov yd^Q i^v btavd rdnv- 
rrjdsia. xal ifysiro /nhv Xei^Usotpogy dynw&otpvhkxu 

16 dh Sevotpwv. Tcal ol TwXi/iioi ic/v^mg enerl&evro, 
xal OTB^cbv Srta^ rtov /cop/aw' iyyi^g n^oOwvteg 
hd^svov xal knpm^ddvwv dJof' ip^ayxdll.ovB'^ ol "^'Ek- 
Xijveg knidiKbxoyreg xal ndhv dvaxdl^ovreg cjfoXg n(h- 
Qetjea&ar xal &afiiva nai^ifiyysXisy 6 S^o<p(bv {mo- 

17 fiheiVy 88-^ ol noXifiioi UsxvQ&g knixioivro. ivravS^ 
6 X6iQlaoq)og cIHotb /ikv Srs na^&yyv^pro vnafievBy 
r&ta d^ ovx VTii/Lievep, dXX^ ijye ra/ Aup xal noQtjy- 
yija BJieoS-ai, more dfjkov ijv Sri Tt^dy/Lid n eii]' 
OxoXri d^ ovx i]v Idelv TtaQek&dm rd atrtov rrjg 
anovdfjg' wa^" ii TtoQsla S/uola g>vyfj iyiyveto rolg 

18 oniaS'oxpijXa^i. xal evravS-^ dno&vjioxei dviiQ dya- 
S-bg Aaxuivixbg Kk&bvvfiog ro^evS-slg did rrjg d- 
anidog xal trig artoXadog elg rdg nlevQdg^ xal Ba- 
ld (Tiag l^Qxdg diafiTteghg vrp^ xeq)aXriv. ttel d^ dq>l'' 

xovTo enl oraS-fidv, evSi^g woneQ el^^ b S^oq>6lyy 
ekSviv ngbg rbv XeiQlooq)ov fftidt* airrbv Sn ovx ^^ 
fjLBVBVy dXX! i^vayxaCovro cpedyorreg SifAXt fidx^oS-au 
xal vvv dvo xaXib re xdyaO-o) dvdpe ri&varov xal 
20 oifr dveXeaS-ai oiire S-dipai edvvdfie&a. ojioxqU 
vetai 6 XeiQlao(pog' BXeipov, &pri, ngbg rd oqt] xal 



LIB. IV. CAP. I. Ill 

Idk (bg afiaxa na^ eoxi' fiia d^ avrrj oddg ijv o^qg 
dQ&ia, xal bil ravxr] Av&Qdtnoiv oQdv e^sorl Ooi 
Sx^ov roOovTov, oi xaxHlrjcpdreg (pvWrtTovoi rriv 
sK^aoiv. TavT iyw sonevdov xal dia tovto ct' ovx 21 
VTii/jsyov, ei TicDg Swalfiriv q)d'daai, Tt^lv xaxedfj- 
(p&cu rrjfy vneQ^oX"^' ot ^^ '^ye/idveg oijg €XO/Liey ov 
(padiv elvcu HXhp^ 6d6v, 6 de S^o(p(bv leysr ^AkV 22 
hrfi^ %co dvo &vdqag. iTtsl yaQ rjfjuv nqdyficcta 
TiaQslxov, eytjdQeiiaa/LL€Vf Utibq xal rifiag a^anveutTai 
ijiolrjOs, xal aJi&cteivafA^ rivag avrcbv, xal l^cbwdg 
rivag 7iQovSn)fA7f&rifiBv hx^elv avrov rovrov sv^a, 
i>na}G "fiyB/ioOiv siddoi vrp^ /cupay ;fp?j(y«/^€5-a. 

Kal evdif& dyaydvreg rovg dvS-Qdbnovg ifkeyx^^ 23 
dtaka^dvteg, &l xiv ddeUv oiU/rp^ ddov ij rrp^ (pave- 
Qav. 6 fikv odv ^€Qog ovx €q>ri /idka nokkwv cp6~ 
fiaw TtifoOayo/LUyary* btsl d^ ovdev (bq)€h/Ltov klsysv, 
dQWtrvog rov heQov xaTeaq>d'y7i. 6 dk komdg hle^sv 24 
Sri o{rtog fjih ov q)ali] 6dbv akhrp^ eidevai, on av- 
ra> €riJy%<w6 S^drriQ ixei naQ dvdql ex&edo/ievri' 
avrdg S* sqyij ffyfiOBa&ai dvvarip^ xal vnoCvyioig 
TioQeveoS'ai 6d6v. iQartdb/Lceyog (J' el sirj vi iv aiivfj 25 
&va7idQirov ;fco(>/oy, €q)7j elvai axQov 8 el fjtri rig 
nQoxaxaXrjkpoixOy ddivaxov edeoS-ai naqekd^lv. iv~ 26 
rav&a d^ eddxei avyxaXiaavrag Xoxayovg^ xal nsl- 
racttdg xal x(bv onhzwVj Xiyeiv re ra TtaQdvra xal 
iparcav ei rtg avrwv eoriv oarig dvijQ dya&bg e&i" 
Xoi Sv yeriaS-ai xal vnoardg eS^hovrrig TioQevstrS-ai. 
vq)UnaTai rojv /Lcev oTtXirajv l^Qi(Jrd)vv/iog Medv- 27 
dQiBvg xal lAyaaiag 2rv/i<pdkiog, dvTiGraCiaQ(Dv d^ 



1 12 LIB. IV. CAP. I. II. 

avTolg Kal)J/Lcaxo9 UaQQaaiog ecpr] iS-iXeiv tioqsv- 
eoS-ai TfQoola^cbv id-ekovrag ex, navrbg rov (TtQa- 
TBVfiaxog' eyd) y^Q^ ^Wf ^^^' ^'^^ eyjovtai 7io)Jkoi 
28 Ttbv vicDV Bfiov Tjyov/u^h^ov. ix Tovrov BQorcwOiv 
ei Tig xal r(bv yvfAvrjfcmv za^iaQ^og iS'ekoi av/LLTto^ 
QevBoS-ai. vcplaraTai l^Qiariag Xlog^ 8g noXXaxov 
noklov a^iog rfi OTQaria slg ra roiavra iyh^ezo. 

II. Kal riv fiey Sellijy oi d^ exe)^vov avxovg 
ifiq)ay6vTag noQetjeaS-ai, xal rbv rjye/Lcova drjaav- 
Tag na^adidoaOiv avrolg, xal owtiS'ByTai rip/ /^ky 
pvxrcay i]v Id/iwoi to axQov, rd /wqIov (fvXaxrsiVj 
dfia dh rfj rj/itiQcc rfj odkitiyyi atj/iaiv€iv, xal xovg 
fjihv clvo) bvxag ihai ml rovg xarixorrag xtp^ q)a' 
vBQav BX^aOiVf avxol dh Ovfi^orid^OBir ix^alvovxeg 

2 (bg av dvvwvxai xax^Oxa. xavxa OvvS-i/LiBvoi ol 
/LLBv sTioQBVOvxo Tikrj&og (bg didxiXioi' xal iJdajQ noXv 
^ B§ ovQavov' ABVocpibv (J' BX(ov xovg d7iia3'og>ij- 
laxag iiyBlxo n^bg xrp^ q)avBQav Bx/SaOiv^ Urcwg xav- 
XTj ol TiolB/LLiot TiQoOsxoiBV xbv vovv xal &g fxaXiOxa 

3 kdS-oiBV ol TiBQuovxBg. btibI (J' '^Oav ml ;fap«(Jpa 
ol 6maS'oq)vhxxBg rjv bSbi dia^avxag TiQbg xb Hq&iov 
Bx/SalvBiv, XT]vixavx^ ixvhvdov ol ^d^/SaQoi 6Xoitq6- 
xovg a/Lia§iaiovg , oil q)BQ6/i6roi nqbg xctg nstQag 
nxaiovxBg diBOq)Bvdovwvxo' xal 7iavxdjiaOf.v oiudk 

4 TiBldoai olov r' riv xfj atoodip. bvloi dk x(bv Xoxaywv, 
bI firi xaihrj Svvaivxo, aiXji insiQibrxo' xal xai/t 
BTioiovv fiBXQi ox&tog iyBVBXo' btibI d* c^ovro dtpa-- 
vBlg Bcvai dnidrxBg, tot' dn'^XS'ov ml xb SbItivov* 
BTvyx^^^^ (^6 xal dvdQiOxoi bvxag avx(bv oi oTiicS-o- 



LIB. IV. CAP. II. 113 

qyvhaKTiOavTBS. ol fihroi noki/Ltioi oidkv kmavoavro 
di HhriQ rrjg vvxrdg KvUvdovreg rovg klS-ovg' T€X- 
/ialQ€0&ai (J' 7jy rep xpocpip. 

01 d' BXOVTsg zbv rfysfjiova xvxkcp neQudvreg 5 
xaraXafi^dvovOi ro'bg q)vXaxag d/Kpl nvQ xaSij/Lts- 
vovg* xal roifg fikv xaraxavdrregy rovg (Jle xaradio)^ 
^arrsg avrol hrtavS-^ ^/levov wg rd cbcQov xarixovreg. 
ol d^ ov xctXBlxoVy dild fjuaOxbg rp^ imhQ axnGyVy na^ 6 
^ ^ 7\ (Tt^Tj aUxTi dddg, iq)^ fj kxa&rpao ol (pij- 
Xaxeg. M<podog /lirtoi aircdS-sv inl rovg nole/Lclovg 
^, oi €7il rfj (pavBQ^ odtp kxAS^rprto. 

Kal rijv /ikv vvxra evravS-a Siriyayov biel d^ i 
iifjUQa vniq>aiv€v^ enoQBvovro Oi^fi avvrsta'y/Lcsvoi snl 
Tovg TioXe/ilovg' xal yaQ ofil/kri ayhevoy war elaS-ov 
eyyvg nQoaskS-drrsg. biel d^ eldov dili^kovg, ij re 
adkniyS iq)&^^aTo xal dkald^aweg Yevro inl rovg 
dv&Qomovg' ol d^ ovx idi^avro, dXXd Xmovxeg Trjv 
odbv q)svyovT6g dkiyoi ^ni&vrioxov' etjC^wvoi ydg 
fiaav. ol d^ dfitpl X£iQlOoq)ov dxovaavreg rfjg odl- 8 
niyyog svSifg levro clvo) xaxd Tijv cpaveQav odov 
aXkoi dh rmv OtQartjywv xax dxqi^ug odovg ijioQsv- 
ovxo, fi etvxov exaaxoi bvxeg, xal dva/Sdvxsg (bg edv- 
vavxo dvi/Ltwv dUn^Xovg xolg doqaoi. xal oSxoi tiqw- 9 
xoi axjvifii^av xoig nQoxaxala^ovci xb ^wqIov. 

S^o(f(bv 8" %j(ixyv x(bv 6nia&oq)vXdx(i)r xoijg 
rifilCBig inoQe^eco, ^bq ol xbv riyBfidva exovxsg' sio- 
dondxri yinQ rjv xolg vnol^vyioig' xovg d^ rifiioeig 
oTiiad-ep x&v vnoQuyioiv ha^e. noQevo/Lceroi d^ sr^ lo 
z-i^;fayoi;cyt k6q)(f) trnhg r^g ddov xaxedri/i/Lcirip vnd 

Xenophontis Anabasis. 8 



114 LIB. IV. CAP. II. 

r(bv TTols/uicov, ovg drj ajioxoxpai ijv dvdyxt] r/ die- 
^evxS-ai dnb xGrv dXkwv ^Ekl'^wv, xal avrol /luv 
otv eJioQevx^rjaav ffie^ ol ciiloi, xa d^ vno^vyia ovx 
n ijv ilXXji ^ ravTTi ix^rjvai. evS-a 3rj naQaxekevad" 
/Lteyoi dXXi^loig TiQoa^dkkovGi ngog xbv l6q)ov ^p- 
S-ioig rolg koxoig, ov xvxXip dlkd xarahndvreg iLqh- 
12 odov rolg TtoXs/udoig, el ^ovkoivro q)6Vj^eiv, xal ricog 
/Ltkv avTovg dva^alvovrag, Unrj idvvaro exaorog, ot 
^dQ^a^oi kto^Bvov xal s^alkov, kyyv^ d^ ov nQoai- 
evTOy aild (pvyfl kslnovoi xb /cop/oi^. xal xoirrov 
x€ 7iaQskr]kv&€0av ol "^'EkXrp^sg xal etsQov oQwaiv 
s/inQooS-er Xocpov xax^d/Lcevov hii xoirrov av&ig ido- 
ls xei TioQeiisoS-ai. evvoi^oag rf* 6 Ssvoq)d)v /ii^, el 
eQTj/Ltov xaxalinoi xbv tihoxdxa Xdcpov, avxbv ndkiv 
hx^ovxeg ol 7iole/uu)i em&olvxo xolg {mo^Qvyioig nag- 
iovOiv — eJil nokv d^ ^ xd vnoX^vyia axe did axe- 
vfjg xrjg bdov noQevo/Lteva — xaxaleinei ijil xov 
locpov Xoxayovg Krjq)io6dafQov Krjq)iaoq)wrxog ^AS^ 
vaiov xal A/iq)iXQdxTiv ^Afiq)idrifiov A&rjvaiov xal 

Aqx^Y^9^^ -^97^"^^ (pvydda, airrbg de ovv xoig loi- 
nolg tioQsveco em xbv devxeQov k6q)ov, xal xw avxcp 

14 XQOTKp xal xovxov aiQovOiv. eri d^ avxolg xQixog 
/LtaOxbg kombg 7\v nolv d^B-iibxaxog 6 vneQ xrjg enl 
x(p tivqI xaxahricp&eUi7]g q)vlaxfjg xrjg vvxxbg vnb 

15 x(bv e&eXovxwv. enel d^ eyyvg iyevovxo ol ""Ekkrp^agy 
keinovaiv ol ^d^/SaQOi dfiaxr^tl xbv fiadx&Vy woxe 
S-avfiaOxbv naOi yeveO&ai xal inmnxevov deldavxag 
avxovg, /nrj xvxhjo&evxeg TtohoQXoivxo, dnokmelv. ot 
d^ clQa oJib xov dxQov xad-OQWvxeg xd bTUOS-ev ye- 



LIB. IV. CAP. II. 115 

yvofieva navxBQ ejii rovg dniod-oipvXaxag ix(OQ0W. 
xav Sevoq)(bv /ikv Ovr rolg veanAxoig dv^/Saivev knl 16 
xb axQov, xovg d' akkovg ixiXevasv vnaysiv, 87ta>g 
ot xeXeuxaloi Xd/ot TiQodfii^eiaVy ytal TiQosk&ovxag 
xotxa xijy bdbv h x(p bfiakw S-ia&ai xa 8nXa. xal 17 
iv xovx(p x(p XQ^^V V^^^ j^Qx^yoQag b 'A^yelog tcb^ 
q)^VY(bg xal leysi &g djcexonrjaav dnb xov X6q)ov 
xal 8x1 xa&vddi KTiq)ia6d(ji)Qog xal l^fiq)iXQdxr]g xal 
cllloi 8001 /uij dldjusvoi xaxd x^g nh^ag n^bg xovg 
dmoS-oqyijXaxag dq)ixovxo, xavxa de dian^a^df^evoi ol 18 
^dQ^agoi '^xov &€ dvxinoQov locpov x(p fxadxip ' xal 
S^oq)(bv duksY^o avxolg di iQ/Lcrp^ewg tibqI Otcov^ 
dory xal xovg vsxQOvg djtfpcei. ol d^ ecpaoav dno- 19 
d(b6eiv ig>^ ^ fjui] xdeiv xdg otxiag. ovvm/jioloyei 
xavS-^ b SavotpObv. sv & dk xb juh dlko axgd- 
xsvjLUi naQjiBif ol Sh xavxa dieXiyorxo, ndvxeg ol 
he xoijxov xov xbnov OvvsQQvrjOav kvxavS-a noli- 
jLLioi, xal insl rJQ^avxo xaxa^aiveiv dnb xov /aa- 20 
iJxov ngbg xovg clilovg ey&a xa Snka exeixo, levxo 
dij ol nolijuioi noXX(p nktid-ei xal S-oQv^cp' xal msl 
eyhovxo snl xfjg xoQvq)fjg xov fxaoxov, dcp ov a^ 
yoq)(bv xaxi^aivev, ixvXivdov nhQovg' xal evbg /jLev 
xaxia^av xb ax^Xog, SevocpAvxa d^ b vnaOTCiOxrjg 
€xo)v xrjv danida dniXinev ' EvQvloxog dh Aovcievg 21 
7tQ00edQa/i€V avx(p bnXixrjg, xal tiqo d/LLq)olv ngo- 
fie^kij/Lieyog dji^wQsi, xal ol dlloi n^bg xovg aw- 
Teray/LL€vovg dJifjlS-ov. 

^Ex dk xovxov nav buov iyivexo xb ^Ellrjvi- 22 
xov, xal BOxrp^riaav avxov ip noklaig xal xaXalg 

8* 



116 LIB IV. CAP. II. 

olxiaiQ xai ejiirrjdeioig daxpiXeor xal j^ccq olrog noXvg 

23 rp^y &(Srt kv Xdxxoig xoviarolg alxov. S^oq)(bv dh 
xal XeiQUJocpog disTiQa^avro &axe Xa^dvrsg rovg 
vexQoifg amdodav rdv rj)^€fi6va' xal nAvr bioirjOav 
Tolg dno&avovoiv he rcbv dxjvar&Vy SoansQ vo/u^etai 
avdQAdiv aya&olg. 

24 Tfi d^ vOTBQaia avev ifyB/bbovog kfioq^ovro' fta- 
x6fJL^oi d' ol noki/iioi. xal Stii] bYti ar^bv x^Q^^'^ 

26 TiQoxaraXafi^dvovTsg hcibXvov rag na(f6dovQ. oTt&te 
[ih^ ovv rovg TtQibrovg xcoi/doisvy Ssvoq)(by oTUOd-er 
ix^aivcDv ngbg to. oqtj klvs Ti]v an6q)Qa§iv rfjg naQ- 
6dov Tolg nQWTOig dvcDTSQio neiQW/ievog yiyveoS'ou 

26 Tcov xiokvovTcov, oTi&ts dh Tolg bma&ep huS-olvro, 
XBiQiaoq)og BX^aivmv xal TiBiQcb/LLeroQ dvioriQO} yl- 
yvBaS-ai x(bv xioXvovrwv bIvb xfp^ obt6q>Qa§iv rrjg 
Tta^ddov rolg bmaS-Bv' xal &bI ovrwg i^oriS'oi/y dh^ 

27 XrjXoig xal tO/VQibg dU^rjXayy kiBfiiXovro. iy^ dh xal 
6V ai rolg dva^aoi noild 7iQd)^f44XTa naQBlxov ol 
^dQ/SaQOL TidXiv xara/SaivovOiv BXa(pQol yaQ ^^aav 
ojazB xal iyyijS'ey tpBiJYovTBg dnocp^yBiv* oidky ya^ 

28 ilxov ok)! ij ro^a xal aq)Bvd6vag. dqixnoi dh xal 
roiorai ijoav sJxov dh xo^a kyy^bg xQi^Ttfix'i^, rd dh 
ro^&ifjLOxa tiXbov ^ dim^t] • bIXxov dh rag vevQag &7i6rs 
ro^edoiBv TiQog rb xdrio rov ro^ov rep dQUfr€Q(p 
nodi TiQoa^alvovrBg. ra dh ro^&jfiara ^(oqbi did 
r&v danldvov xal did r(bv S-iOQdxmv. ixQ&vro d* 
aircolg ol '^'EhX7]VBgy btibI kd^oiBv, dxovrioig ivayxv-^ 
Xdfvrsg. bt rovroig rolg x^9^^^ ^* K^ffCBg X9V^^ 
fidnaroi kyhovro. tiqx^ ^' airvibv SrQaroxkijg KQTjg^ 



LIB. IV. CAP. III. 117 

III. Tavrrp^ d^ ai rip^ tifjUgav rjvlia&riaav ir 
ralg xw/Lcaig ralg vtisq rov nsdiov rov naQo, rdv 
KsviQiTrp^ nortafjioVj evQog (bg dinXs&QOVy 8g 6qi^€i 
TTjv ^AQ/LLsvlav xal xrp^ x(bv Kaqdov^iov j(ii)qav* xal 
ot "^'Ekkrp^sg evravS^^ dvenvevoav clo/Lceyoi Iddvxeg na~ 
dlov* aneixB dh x&v 6qk(Dv o noxafibg «| ^ knxa 
(Sx&dia. x6xB /lev ovv rivXiad^Oav ficO^ rjdieog xal 2 
xamxrideia e/ovxeg xal nolla xwv TtaQskrjlv&dxaiv 
noviov fjtvTifiovBVovxeg. knxa yctQ rjfiiQag^ baadneq 
e7ioQ€vSi]aav dia xwv. Kagdovxfov, naOag f^axo- 
fievoi diexikeOav, xal enaS-ov xaxa 8a^ ovdh xa (Sij/j^ 
Tcavxa vnb ^aOiXimg xal Tiaoacpaqvovg. (bg oiv 
oTirjXXay/LLivoi xoijxmv rjdiiog ixoi/ii^Si]Oav. 

"^jifMX, dh xfj "fifJi^Qct oQ&div btneag nov nsQav 3 
xov noxafiov i^wnhofisvovg (bg x(j)lvOovxag dia^aL- 
veiVy Tt^ovg d' inl xalg bxS'aig na^ax^ayfihovg 
av(o x&v tTTJcidov (bg xvjWaovxag eig xrp^ ^AQfievlav 
kx^alveiv. ijoav d^ oixoi ^Ogovxa xal j^QXoiJxa 4 
^AQfihioi xal MAqSol xal XaXdaloi fiiaO'og)6Qoi. kUr- 
yovxo d^ 01 Xaldaioi sXevS-eQoi xe xal aXxi/ioi slvai • 
Snla d^ el^ov ^€QQa /laxQa xal Xdyx^^S* «^ ^^ oxS^ai 6 
aixcuy iq)* &v naQaxsxaj^fievoi ovxoi ijOav, XQia ij 
xevx(X(fa nXiS-Qa obid xov Ttoxa/iov dnslxov oddg 
d^ ij fila dQCDfihn] ^, &yova^ av(D &071bq ;f6t()07ro/- 
rftog^ xaiJXTj kneiQcbvxo dia^aivaiv ol ""EkXriveg. htel 6 
dh naiQQ}fihoig x6 xe ildcoQ vtisq x&v fiaox&v i(pai'- 
veto, xal XQa^vg tjv 6 noxa/Ltog /is'ydXoig US-oig xal 
6h(J&TiQolg, xal oi/t ev x(p vdaxi xa Hnhx, rp^ exsiv 
el dh fjLTif iJQTial^sv 6 noxa/Ltog' eni X€ xfig xsq>akfjg 



118 LIB. IV. CAP. III. 

T« 8nXa ei rig q)iQOiy yv/ivol iyi)^vovro nqbg t« 
ro^edfjuxrca xal raiXa /Sili], dv€X(OQT]0av xal avxov 

7 kOTQarofJiedeicavTo TiaQcc xbv nora/ior, evif-a &* 
avTol rrp^ nQooS-ev vvxra rfiav, snl rov Sqovq iw- 
Q(w Tovg KaQdovxovg noXlovg Otrysiley/iiyovg iv 
ToXg Hnloig, ewavS-a Stj noXki] dS^/tiia "Ijr rolg 
'^'ElXtjOiv, oQwOi fjih rov nora/Ltov rijv dvonoQiav, 
Sqwoi dh roi)g dia^aivsiv xwkuoovrag, OQcbOi dh rolg 
dia^alvovaiv inixeioo/Ltirovg roi^g Ka^doyxovg 6- 

8 Tairrpf /ler ovv rrp^ rifjiBQav xal rrp^ vvxra 
Bjueivav 6V noilfj anoxia Hvrag. Ssvocp&v (J' ovaQ 
elder' edo^ev er nedaig dedeaS-ai. avrai d^ airtib 
avrdfiarai neQiQQV^ai, wore xal dia^aiveiv ono^ 
Oov e^ovlero. enei d^ (iQ^-Qog ^, e^x^ai n^bg 
rbv XeiQlooqxn^ xal liyei Hri ehildag exei xdkwg 

9 eOeO&ai, xal dirf/elrai airv(p rb 8vaQ. d (J* 
7Jdn:6 re xal (bg rdxtoS-^ eiog V7tiq)ai.vev eS^ovro 
Tidvreg naQdvreg ot (frQartjyoi' xal rd legd xaXd 
^ evS-ijg hit rov ngdnov. xal dmovreg dnb ribv 
Uq&v ol OrQarriyol xal Xoxayol naQifyyeUjov rfi 

10 OrQariq, dQiOronomoS-ai. xal dQiOr&vri rw S^o~ 
cpibvri nqocktqexov dvo veaviaxto • fjdeaav j^aQ ndvreg 
Uri i^eiT] avT(p xal dQiOrcovri xal demvovvri tiqoO" 
eXS-elv xal ei xaS-evdoi eneyeiQavt* ebtelv, ei rig n 

11 exoi r&v TiQbg rbv ndXe/jiov. xal r&t ^dXeyov brt 
rvyx^^^''^ g>Qvyava OvlXeyovreg &g hd tcvq, arof- 
Tieira xarldoiev ev rip neQav ev nhQaig xa3irptov0aig 
eji avrbv rbv norafjubv yiqovrd re xal ywalxa 



LIB. IV. CAP. III. 119 

xal Tiaidiaxag wOtibq /laQOiTiovg t/LtaTiwv KaraTid^B- 
/levovg h 7chQ(f dvTQcbdei. idovai dh aq)lai dd^ac 12 
aacpakhg slvai dia^fjvar ovdh y^Q "^^fe nolefjiloig 
InnsvOi TtQOO^aTov ehai xata rovro. Bzdvvreg d^ 
eq)aOav exovxeg xaYxeiQidia yv/avol (bg vsvOo/ievoi 
dia^aivBiv* TtoQsvdfievoi dk nQodS-^ dia^fjvai, tiqIv 
^Qۤai xa aidola' xal dia^dvregy ka^ovreg rdt, i/ud" 
Tia ndXiv rjxsiv. siSifg ovv 6 Zerocpibv airvdg t is 
eonerde xal rolg vsaviaxoig iyx^^^ ixikevs xal ev- 
X€0&ai rolg qyfp^adi S-eolg rd t dveiQara xal rbv 
noQov xal rd Xoind dyad^d hurte'kioai. oneiaag d^ 
BV&i)g ^^6 Tovg veavlaxovg naqd xbv X£iQiOoq)oVf 
xal ditjyovvTai ravrd. dxovoag dh xal 6 XsiqI- 
Oocpog onovddg kmoisi. OJielOarrsg dk rolg /Lcev dih- 14 
loig TiaQTfyyBk'kov avoxevSl^Ba&ai, avrol dh avyxa- 
lioavrsg rovg Or^arTiyoi^g i^ovXsvovro^ nibg dv xdlr^ 
hara dia^alsv xal rovg r e/tinQooS-ey vixqfsy xal 
vnd r&v (htiod-sv fitjdsv ndoxoiev xaxov. xal sdo^ev 15 
airtoig XBiQlOoq)ov /ley i^ysloS-ai xal dia^aiv€iv 
€XOvra rd ij/LLiOv rov oxQaretJ/itarogf rd d^ ij/iiOv 
eri V7io/isP€iv Ovv S^otp&vrij rd dh v7ioX,'6yia xal 
rbv Hx^ov ev fiiocp rovrcov dia^alvsiv. 

^EtibI d^ airtoig xakwg bIxbv, inoQevorro' riyovvro 16 
d^ oi veaviaxoi ir d^iOrsQ^ exovreg rbv norafi&v* 
6dbg 3' ijy til rijv did^aoiv (bg rhraQsg Orddioi. 
noQsvo/iivcov 3^ avrd>v dvrmaQfjOav at rd^eig ribv 17 
iTiTiiwv. €7i€t3r] 3^ riaav xard rijv Sid^aOtv xal rdg 
oxS-ag rov nora/iov, sS-evro rd dnXa, xal avrbg 
TiQdrrog Xeigioocpog Grscpavwcfd/Ltsvog xal dnoSvg 



120 LIB. IV. CAP. in. 

ild/LL/iave rot bTika xal roTg cllloig n&Oi naQ'^yyeXXe, 
xal rovg Xox^ayovg ixeXsvsv ayuv rovg Xd^ovg dg- 
S'iovg, rovg /ukv ev dQiOrs^q, rovg (J' iv de^i^ iav- 

18 Tov. xal ol /Lcey fiavrsig iacpa'yiaCovTo elg rov no- 
ra/uov ol dk noli/LLioi h6§6Vov xal 60g)erd6va}y' 

19 all' ovno) i^ixvovvTo' kitel da xala ^v ra Oq)ayiaf 
inaidviCov navrsg ol (nQari&rav xal dvrjXdXal^oVy 
avvwlolvCov Sk xal al yvvalxeg Sinadai. noXXal 

20 yccQ riOav haiQai ev r^ OtQarevfiari, xal XeiQi" 
oo(pog /Lcsv hi^atvs xal ol avv ixelvip' 6 dk Sevo- 
cpibv T(bv d7iiad'oq)vXdx(oy Xa^cbv rovg sv^aryord' 
rovg e&Bi dvd XQdrog ndXiv kncl rbv nd^ov rbv 
xaxd Trjv ex^aOiv rrjv elg rd r&v "AQfieviary oqt], 
TiQocfnoiov/LLsrog ravrrj dia^dg dnoxXfjasiv roi)g na^cc 

21 TOV nora/Ltdv mniag. ol dh noXi/Ltioi dQibvreg fjihv 
Tovg d/Licpl XeiQiOoipov evnetrng rb ildooQ nsQCovrag, 
oQcbrreg Sk rovg dfiq)l S^ocpibvra &iovrag eig roTJ/u- 
naXiv, dsiaavrsg /uii dnoXricpS^eiriOav cpsiyovoiv dvd 
XQdrog (hg n^bg rrjv rov norafiov Slvo) expaOiv. 
enel dh xard rrjv bdbv iysvovro, ersivov avat ngbg 

22 rb oQog. A'dxiog d^ 6 rrjv rd^iv e^oiv r(bv l7ima}v 
xal Aldxi'f^'^S o rijv rd^iv rwv neXraOrcbv r&v dfjiq>l 
XBiQi(Soq)oVy knel iwQmv dvd XQdrog q)6vyovrag, ei- 
novro' ol dh CxQantbrai i/Soarv /urj dnoXslneoS-aiy 

23 dlXd Ovvsx^aiveiv inl rb oQog. XeiQlaoq)og d^ ad 
inel diB^riy rovg fihv Inniag ovx idlioxsv, ev&dg 
dh xard rag nQodrixovOag oxS'ag inl rbv nora/Libv 
i§€^aiv€v ml rovg clvo) noXe/ilovg. ol d^ avco, 
OQiovreg jnev rovg iavTwv Inniag q)evyovrag, oQdjV" 



.4 



LIB. IV. CAP. III. 121 

Tsg d^ SnXirag Ocplaiv knciovrag, ixkeinovoi. ra vneQ 
rov Tiora/LLov clxQa. Zsvoq)(bv c^' snel ra ni^av 24 
iwQa xaXibg yiyrdfieva, anaxd^QBi rrjv raxl(fTrjv TiQog 
rd dia^alvov axQarevfia' xal yaQ ol KaQdov^oi 
q)av€Qol rjdr] 7\oav dg xh nediov xara^alvovreg (bg 
km&riOofiBvoi rolg Tslevzaioig. xal X6i(fUsoq>og /ukv 25 
ra clvo) xarelxBy Avxiog dh avv dXlyoig sjtixBiQTjaag 
inidiw^ai eka^e xCbv axsvoq)6Qa)v ra vTColemo/LLeya 
xal /leva roirteov io&fjrd re xaXrp/ xal ixncb/Ltara. 
xal ra fjih^ axevotpd^a r&v ""EU^rivmv xal 6 ox^og 26 
axfjLTiv dU^aivSy Sevoq>&v dk (fr^hfjag ngbg rovg Ka^^ 
dovxovg avria rh Snka e&eroy xal 7iaQi^y)^6iXe rolg 
loxayoig xar evrnfioriag TioirjaaaS-ai ^xaOrov rbv 
iavrov l6xov, naq aanida naQayayovrag rrp^ ho)^ 
fioriav bil q)dXayyog' xal rovg fihv Xoxayotg xal 
rovg eviOfioraQxovg n^dg r&v Kagdoiix^^ levai, ov^ 
QaYoi)g dh xaraarTjaaod'ai nqbg rov nora/iov, 

01 dh KaQdovxoi (bg iwQCOv rovg dmaS'oq)rj- 27 
kaxag rov bxkov yjiXovfievovg xal oXOyovg ^drj (paivo^ 
fih^ovgy S-arrov dtj infjoav wddg rivag c^dovrag. 6 
dh XeiQiaocpogy htsl ra naq avrcp d(Jq)ak(bg elxs, 
7ii/LL7Ui TiaQa A^oq)&vra roi)g nekraordg xal crgpcr- 
dovTjrag xal ro^orag xal xeXedei noulv 8 ri av 
TiaQayyiilri. ldd)v d^ avrovg dia^aivovrag 6 Zs- 28 
vocp(bv nifMkpag fiyyakov xskevei avrov fietvai enl 
rov nortafjiov /lij dia/3dvrag' 8rav d^ aQ^wvrai av- 
rol dia/3alv€iVy ivavrlovg evS-sv xal ev&ev aq)ibv 
i/u./3aivsiv dig dLa^tjCfo/Liivovgy dirjyxvXiofierovg rovg 
dxomardg xal ini^e^Xrj/LLevovg rovg ro^orag' /lij 71q6- 



122 LIB. IV. CAP. III. 

29 Oo) de Tov Tioxauov TiQO^aireiy. rolg Sk naQ^ sav- 
Tip Tia^i^yysiXer, kisidav Oq)svd6vri e^ixvrftai xal 
aoniQ tpoq)fj, naiavloavzag &elv elg rovg nolsftiovg, 
kfieidav d^ dvaOTQsyjcDOiv ol 7io}^fuoi xal ix tov no^ 
rafiov 6 aahuTCtiig orjurpnfi to 7io)^fux6v, avaaxqi- 
xpavrag kill doQV r^elaS^ai /lUv rovg ovQayovg^ S-elv 
dh TCjavrag xal dia^alvaiv Sri rdxioS-^ fj exaorog 
rriv Tcc^iv elxsv, Ag firi i/unoditsiv dXk'i^Xovg' 8ri 
o{rtog clgiOTog eaoiro, og av TXQibrog iv rtp nsQav 

30 yevijtai, ol Sk Ka^dov^oi dgiovteg oUyovg ij&i] 
rovg Xomovg — noXkol y^Q ^«^ '^^ fAsvaiv rsray- 
fiivojv ipx^'^^^ ijii/Lulo/Ltevoi ol fihv vnoi^vyUov, ol 
dk (Sxev&Vy ol d^ haiQibv — hravO-a dij mixBivxo 

81 S'QadBiDg xal rJQXoyro Ocpevdovav xal ro^eveiv. ol 
(^ ^'E}Jkrp^eg naiavioavreg &Qfi7](iav d^dfjup hi avrovg* 
ol d^ ovx ide^avro' xal yaQ rjOav (hnXia/ieyoi wg 
fihy ey rolg oqsOiv Ixavwg TtQog rd emdQafielv xal 
q)evyBiv, TiQog de rd elg /c^a^ dsxBOd-ai ovx l^oLvwg. 

82 h roijrcp Oti/Lcalvsi 6 OakniTcr^g' xal ol fiev noiA^ 
fjiiot €q)svyov TioXi) eri S-arroVf ol &^ "^E^rp^eg rd-- 
vavrla ar^hpavrsg €q)evyov did rov nora/iov ori 

83 rdxiora. rtbv dh noXs/iiiov ol fih rcvsg cdaS-o/Ltevoi 
ndXiv Mdqafiov inl rbv Ttora/Lcor xal ro^evovrsg dU- 
yovQ evQCjaaVy ol dk tioXXoI xal JicQav ovrary rcbv 

34 *£U^aw evi q)aveQol rioav q)svyovr€g. ot d^ V7i~ 
am^Oavrsg dvdQiCdfisvoi xal TtQoaeoriQd) rov xaiQov 
nQoiovreg zIoreQov rwv fierd S'svo<p(bvrog dti^rjcJav 
ndXtv xal trQ(b9i^odv riveg xal lovrwv. 



LIB. IV. CAP. IV. 123 

IV. ^Ensl dk dU^r]OaVf awra§d/LLSvoi dfiq>l fuoov 
rj/Lt€Qag kioQevS^aav did Ttjg j^Qfieyiag nsdlov anav 
xal ksiovg ytjXocpovg ov fjislov ij nerve TiaQaodyyag' 
ov ya(> '^Oav iyyi^g rov nora/LLOv xtb/Lcai did xovg 
noUfiovg xovg TtQog rovg KaQdov/ovg. sig d^ fjv 2 
d(pbtovTO x{bfAr]Vy /^eydlrj x' ip^ xal ^aaikeiov elxe 
X(p aaxQanfi xal enl xaig nXsloxaig olxlaig xvQGeig 
ijifjoav xdmxridHa d^ ipf daipiXfj. 

^EvxsvS-sv d^ inoQeijS^aav axa&fiovg dvo naqa-- 3 
cdyyag dsxa^ /lixQ'^ VTtBQTjXO^ov xdg nriydg xov Ti^ 
yqvftog noxafiov. 

^Evxsv&er (J' ijioQavSi]Oav axa&[jt.oi)g XQBlg naQa-' 
adyyag nerxexaldexa snl xbv TriXs^oav noxa/uov. 
ovxog d^ rjv xaldg juev, /Lceyag c^' ov' xw/Ltai dk noX^ 
Xal tcbqI xbv iKytafibv rpav. 6 dl xonog ovxog 4 
ItiQ/Lcevla exaXalxo fi ngbg eonaQav. ilnaQX^S d' ^ 
avxfjg TiQi^al^ogy 6 xal ^aOiXsl tplXog yevo/Lcsrog, 
xal 6n&tB TiaQeiri, ovdslg &XXog ^aOiXia enl xbv 
Xnnov dve/SaXXev, ovxog nQoO'^XaOev iTineag exo)v, 
xal nQoni/iyjag eQ/Lir]vea elnev 3xi ^oijXoixo diaXe-- 5 
XS^ai xolg cIqxovOi. xolg dk axQaxriyolg edo^ev 
dxovoai' xal nQoeX&ovxeg eig enrixoov riQ(bxwv xi 
i&iXoi. 6 d' einei/ iSzi OneiaaO&ai ^ovXoixo eg>* w 6 
/4/ijv^ avxbg xovg *^'EXXrjvag ddixelv fiiji exeivovg xd- 
uv xdg olxiag, Xa/Lc^dveiv xe xdnixrideia boiov de- 
oivxo. %do^e xaijxa xolg OxQaxriyolg xal eonslaavxo 
enl xothoig, 

^EvxevS-ev d^ enoQe^S^Oav axa&f^ovg x^elg did 1 
nediov nagaadyyag nevxexaidexa' xal Tigi^al^og 



124 LIB. IV. CAP. IV. 

naQtiTCoXoi&Bi sxcov xrp^ eaxrtov dvvafiiVy ank'/^iov (hg 
dixa OradiovQ' xai dq)ixovr stg /3a<fiX€ia xal Xibfjiag 

8 Tt^Qi^ TCoXkag nolKbv rcov enirrjdelwv fieCrag. &CQa- 
ro7ied€vo/4^(ov d^ avribv yiyv^ai rfjg vvxrog ;f£cby 
nolli^' xal ewS-er sdo^s ScaOxtp^fjOai rag rd^eig xal 
roifg arQaxriyovg xardt rag xw/LLag* ov yd^ iiOQiov 
TioH/Ltiov ovdha xal daq>aXhg idoxei elvai dia rd 

9 nlfjS-og rrjg ;ft({yos. evravS-^ slxov Ha^ iarlv ayaS-d, 
leQBla, (flrov, oXvovg naXaiovg evcbdscg, d(fTaq)ldag, 
oOTtQia navToSand. xibv d' dTtoOxedavvv/LUvcDv riveg 
and Tov OTQaroTiBdov MXayov bzi xaridoisy vijxtcoq 

10 nolld TivQa cpaivovra. iddxei dij roig CrQarriyolg 
ovx d(fg)aXhg eri slvai diaoxip^ovvy dXkd Ot/vdysiv 
TO Otgdrev/Lca ndhv. ivtevS-ev auvrjXS'ov' xal yaQ 

11 eddxBV di] alS-Qid^eiv, vvxreQevovTcov d^ avribv ey- 
ravS-^ sTimimei x^^^ dnksrog, &at* dnoxQVxpai xal 
rd HnXa xal ro'bg dvd-Qibnovg xaraxei/LUyovg' xal 
xd vnoQvyia OwsTiddiOev rj ;ftc6y xal noXvg Hxvog 
riv dviOTaaS-ar xaraxBifiho)v ydg dXBBivbv ^ ri 

12 /^cby inmejiTcoxvla, Urto firi naQaQQvelt]. ijiel dh 
Zsvoq)cbv etdX/LtTjOe yvfivbg dvaOtdg CxiZ^i^v S^la, xd)^ 
dvaOxdg xig xal akXog ixslvov dq)6k6/ieyog Ibjfi^ei'. 
ix dk xovTov xal clkXoi dva&tdvxsg nvQ exaov xal 

18 sxqIovto' Tiokv yaQ ivxavd^' rjVQioxexo X9^H^9 4^ 
sxQcbvt* art" iXaloVy ovbiov xal atjOd/Lcivov xal 
d/LcvyddXivov ix xcov niXQ&v xal xeQ/LclvS-ivov. ix 
Se x(bv airtmv xovxwv xal /lcvqov rjVQiaxevo. 

14 Metd xai/i edoxei ndkiv dcaoxijvrixiay elvai. 

evd-a Si] ol cxQaxiwrai Ovv noXkfj XQavyfi xal 



LIB. IV. CAP. IV. 125 

ridovfi fidav enl r&g arayas xal rdmn^deta' Saoi dh 
ijrtB rd TiQ&tSQOV cbifjoav rag olxlag erijiQriOav vrt 
axadd-aliag^ dlxrp^ ididodav xax&g axrp^ovvTBg, h- 16 
revS-ev eJte/Lcyjav vvxrdg Jti/LtoxQarri Trj/Lcvlrrjv civ- 
dgag ddvreg bil ret oqt], erS-^ Bq)a(iav ol anooxe- 
dawvfi^oi xaS-oQav xdc tivqA* o{ytog yaQ iddxei 
xal TiQ&tsQov Tcdlk^ ijdf] dlriS-evOai roiavra, ra Hvra 
3^ (bg Hvra xal ra /lct] bvra (bg adx 6vra, tioqsv- 16 
d-slg dk ra /lcsv nvQa ovx eq)7i IdelVy civd^a dh avX- 
ka^aiv ^xer clyary ^ovta ro^ov nsQdixbv xal q)a- 
Qhgav xal odyaQiv, oXavTtsQ xal at j4/ial^6veg exovOiv. 
hQ(or(b[jLm^og dh nodanbg eiri, HiQOrig fikv egyrj elvai, n 
noQeueoS-ai d^ dmb rov TiQi^oS^ov otQaTonidov, 6- 
Ticog rdmn^dsia kd^oi. ol d^ tiQdnoyv avrbv rd 
OTQarev/Lca 6n6(Jov x strj xal bil xlvi oifveLlsy/Ltsvov. 
& rf' ehier oxi TiQl^a^og sii] e^iov xrp^ ^* iavzov is 
dvva/Lciv xal /Lci(jS'oq)6Qovg Xdkv^ag xal Tao/ovg' 
naQBaxevdaS-ai d' avxbv ecprj (bg enl xfi imsQ^oXfj 
rov oQOvg iy xoTg oxevolg, fpiBQ /LMvaxfj bYtj noQeia, 
kirtav&^ sniSrjOo/Ltsvov xolg "^'EkXrjaiv, axoiioaoi xolg i9 
(TtQaxTiyoig xai/xa k'So^a xb oxQdxsvfia dwayaYBlv* 
xal Bv9^vg q)vXaxag xaralmorxBg xal axQaxrfybv 
knl xolg {jbhovOi 2oq)alvBVov 2xv/Lcq)dhov inoQeu- 
ovxo B^orxBg '^B/Lcova xbv akdrt" clvS-Qwnov. sTCBidrj 20 
(J* i)7iBQi^a)lov x& Sqtj, ol TiBhcaCxal TtQoXovxBg xal 
xaxiddvxBg xb (SxqaxdnBdov ovx BfiBivav xovg bnU- 
xag, dkX^ dvaxQaydvxBg sS-Boy knl xb oxQaxonBdov. 
ol Sb /SdQ^agoi dxovdavxBg xbv B^dQV^ov ovx ^" 21 
ifiBivav, dXX* BcpBvyov' 8/Lcwg dk xal duBS-avov xiVBg 



124 LIB. IV. CAP. IV. 

naQtiTCoXoi&Bi sxfov xriv iavrov dvvafiiv, an6X(ov (bg 
dixa OradlovQ' xai aq>lxovr slg /3a<fiX€ca xal xcb/LLag 

8 TieQiS TiolXag noXkwv ra>v enirrjdeiwv fieOxag. OXQa- 
roTiedevo/uvayy cJ' avribv ylyv^ai Trig vvxrdg ;f£cby 
nolli^' xai yoDd-er sdo^s dcaOxrp^fjOai rag rd^eig xal 
TO'bg OTQOixriYovg xarct rag xibfjuag' ov yaQ iwQoov 
noXifiiov ovdha xal aOq>a'khg eddxei slvai dia xb 

9 nlijS'og xfjg x'^^^^S' evxavS-^ elxov 8a^ iaxlv ayaS^&y 
teQsla, dixoVy oXvovg naXaiovg evwdscgy d(naq)idag, 
oOTiQia Ttavxodana, x(bv d' dnoOxedavvv/LUycov xivhg 
and xov axQaxonedov eksyov bxv xaxidoisy vvxxcoq 

10 TtoiXa TiVQa q)aivovxa. iddxei di] xoig &tQaxrjyolg 
ovx docpaXhg exi slvai diaoxip^ovvy dlld Owdyetv 
xd OXQaxev/Lca ndhv. erxevS-ev auvfjXS-ov' xal yaQ 

11 eddxBV di] alS-Qid^eiv, vvxxeQSVovxcov d^ avxcbv sv~ 
xavS-^ kjUTcinxBi ;f^cby ojikexogy wot" dnoxQvxpai xal 
xd SnXa xal xovg dvS-Qcbnovg xaxaxeifjUvovg* xal 
xd vnoCiiyia OwsnddiOev 17 ;ftc6y xal nolvg bxvog 
^ dvioxaa&ar xaxaxaifihoyv ydg d!kBBivbv ^ 17 

12 x^^^ eTimsnxwxvla, 8x(p /Ltrj naQa^Qveir]. bjibI dh 
ZBVoq)(bv hdXfiriOB yv/u/ydg dva0xdg OxiCbiv §^ka, xdx 
dvaOxdg xig xal akkog bxbIvov dq)BX6/ieyog a^xiCBV. 
BX dh xovxov xal cliloi dvaOxdvxBg nvQ exaov xal 

18 BXQiovxo' noli) ydQ hxavS^^ riVQioxeco X9^l^^> 4^ 
ixQiovx" orr* ilaloVy avBiov xal arjad/Ltivov xal 
d/Ltvyddhvov ix xwv mxQ&v xal XBQ/LtivS-ivov. ax 
Sh x(bv airc&v xovxwv xal /llvqov rjvQiaxevo. 

14 MBxd xai/i bSoxbi ndXiv diaaxrp^riXBOv dvai. 

BvS-a dii ol axQaxidnai airy nolkfj x^avyfj xal 



LIB. IV. CAP. V. 127 

wleto xal T(bv CTQariCDrdjv wg xQidxovra. disyi- 6 
vovTO di xify vdxra nvQ xdovreg' §vka d^ ijy ev 
rep OTaS'fA.ip noXld* ot d^ drph nQoOiovrsg §^la ovx 
elxcyy* ol ovv naXai rjxovreg xal nvQ xdovrag ov 
TiQoOieOav ngdg to tivq rovg dyjl^ovragy el /Ltri dwi- 
doUv avTolg nvQOvg i] a}X S tl exoiey ^Qondv. 6^- 
S-a dij jusTsdidoOav dXki^koig &v d)(ov exaOroi, eyS-a 6 
dk rd TiVQ ixdeiOy- diartjXo/Lcivrjg rfjg X'^^'^^S ^dd-Qoi 
iyi^vorro fuyd'koi bOt enl xb ddnsdov oi dij Tta- 
Qify (jiBiqdv xb ^dS-og xfjg X'^'^^S* 

^EyxevS-ey dh xip^ htiovaav rifii^av Skip^ ino^ 7 
Qstiovxo di& x^^^^Sf ^olI noXkol xcbv avS-Qomiov k^ov^ 
XifjilaOav. S^oq>&v d^ 6mo&og)vXaxd)v xal xaxa- 
kafJL^dviDV xovg nlmovxag x(bv avS-QmniDv ^yvoei 
S XI xb Tid&og eirj. knceidri d^ slni xig avx(p xwv 8 
i/LcnelQa}V 8xi Oaq)&g ^ovXifiLwOi,, xclv xi q)dj^wOiv 
ava0xriaovxai>f neQuwv tibqI xot VTioQvyia, ei nov xi 
bQcprj Pq(dx6v, disdldov xal Si&ie/LtJis didovxag xovg 
dvva/u^ovg tisqixqsxbiv xolg ^ovU/lliojOcv. ineidij 9 
Si XI iiLtq)dj^oi€v, dvloxavxo xal snoQsiJovxo. noQBVo^ 
(ihtav 8h X.Bi^i(So(fog fih dfjucpl xyi(pag nqbg x(b- 
jLLtiv dg)ixv€lxai, xal vd^oq)OQovOag ex xrjg xd)/Lcrig 
ngbg xfj XQ-^vfj yvvalxag xal xoQag xaxala/Li^dvec 
e/LcnQood-ey xov iQV/uaxog. adxai tiQonojv avxovg, lo 
xlveg bIsv, 6 d^ sQfirp/djg ebia neQCiaxl, Hxi naQa 
^aOiXicog noQevovxai ngbg xbv OaxQdnrjv. at d^ dne- 
XQivavxo iki ovx hxav&^ eirj, dXX^ dnixsi boov napa- 
ad'yyTiv, ot d\ inel dips ^, TCQbg xbv xco/udQXV^ 
cwbi^cSbqx^'^'^^^ ^^S xb €QV/ua Ovv xalg vdQoq>6QOig. 



126 LIB. IV. CAP. IV. V. 

rwv ^aQ/idQcov xal innoi ijkaxlav slg eixoOi xal ^ 
oxtp^ij 17 TcQi^dl^ov xal h avrfj xllvai aQyv^onodeg 
xal sxTidj/Lcara xal ol aQZoxdnoi xal ol olvoxooi 

m 

22 q>aCxovtes ah^ai. ensidi] d^ hniS-ovro ravxa ol rwv 
inXiribv orQarriyol, iddxsi avroig dnievai rijv ra- 
Xiorrp^ snl ro axQaronedov, fii\ rig httS-sOig yhoiro 
Tolg xaralsksi/LC/Ltevoig, xal svSijg dvaxaleOd/Lcevoi 
rfj odiJiiYyi dnfiCav, xal dq)ixovt av3i]/Lce(f6v enl 
rb arQaronsdov, 

V. Tfj (J' vOTBQaia idoxei noQBvriov slvai Snj] 
dijvaivto rdxiora, tiqIv avkksj^fjvai rd Or^drsv/Lca 
ndXiv xal xaraXa^elv rd (frevd. Ovcfxsvaod/Ltevoi 
(?' evdi)g €7ioQ€iJovro dia x'^^'^^S Tiokkfjg ^^ye/LLovag 
sxovTsg TioXkovg* xal av&tjfiSQov vneQ^aXovreg rb 
dxQoVy ecp^ q> s/LLslXer eniTiS-eaS-at TiQi^aQogf xaze^ 
OTQaroneSevOavTo, 

2 'EvrevS-ev d^ inoQSV&rjOav araS-iJiovg i^y/LLovg 
TQslg TiaQaadyyag nsvrsxaidsxa snl xbv Evq)QdTriv 
nora/LtoVf xal die^aivov avrbv ^QexofievoL TiQbg xbv 
d/Lig)al6v. ikiyovco d^ ovd^ al ntiyal tiqoCo} sivai. 

3 'EvrevS-sv anoQevovro did x'^^'^^S ^oilrjg xal 
nediov OtaO-fjiovg rpalg naQaodyyag Sixa. 6 ds 
TQirog i'yivsxo x^^^^^g xal clvs/uog ^oQqdg svavriog 
envei navrdnaoiv dnoxdcov ndvra xal ntj'yvvg rovg 

4 dv&Qihnovg. evS-a di] x(bv fidvxeibv xig bItib 0(pa- 
yidaeoS-ai x(b dvi/i(p, xal Oq>aYiaQBvar xal ndOi 
drj 7iBQiq)avcbg bSo^bv dvBivai xb ;faA£7r6y xov tivbv- 
fiaxog. ijv Sb xfjg x^^^^S '^^ ^d&og ogyvid* ciars 
xal x(bv vnoX^vyioiv xal x(bv dvdQanodiov noiX an- 



LIB. IV. CAP. V. 127 

wXeto xal rojv OTQariCDribr <bg xQidxovra, dieyi- 6 
vowo di xip^ viJXTa nvQ xdovrsg' §6Xa d^ ijv ev 
rep (traS-fiip noXld' ot d^ dyjs TiQoacovTsg i6Xa ovx 
€lxov» ol ovv nakai rjxovtsg xal tivq xaovrsg ov 
TiQOCiaOav nqbg xb nvQ xovg dyjl^ovxag, el fii] dvxir- 
dolev avxolg nvQOvg i] oilX b xi sxoiev ^Qortov, «'- 
d-a dri fi^BdidoOav dXMikoig &v el^ov exaOxoi. evS-a 6 
(Jfi xd TiVQ ixdeio^ diaxrpco/LLsvrjg xfjg ;fidyo5 ^dS-Qoi 
iylyvovxo /wydloi ectt enl x6 Sdnedov oi dr] na-- 
Q7]v (jl^qbIv xb ^dS-og xrjg ;ft<{yos. 

^Ewevd-ey dh xr[y iniovoav ^^/LciQav bhrp^ ino^ 7 
^s^ovxo di& /*({vo5, xal noXXol x&v dvS-Qdmmv i^ov^ 
XifjiiaOav, SBVoq)&v d^ dmoS-ocpvhxxibv xal xaxa- 
kafji^dvwv xovg ninxovxag x(bv dv&QWTKov xiyvoH 
8 XI xb ndd'og siri. hteidi] d^ elni xig avx(p xwv 8 
i/LLTtelQCUv 8x1 (Saq)&g ^ovXi/LciajOi, xciv t« cpdyixiCiv 
ava(Sxrfiovxaiy neQuwv tibqI x& vnoX^^yia, ei nov xi 
bQ(pri ^Qortdv, disdidov xal dUne/Lme didovxag xovg 
dwa/Lcivovg neQiXQex^iv xolg ^ovXi/iiAOlv. insidrj 9 
Si XI i/Lcq)dyoiev, dvloxavxo xal snoQStJovxo. noQSVo- 
jLLSvcjv Sk XeiQi(Joq)og /uev dficpl xveq)ag TiQbg xw- 
jLLrjv dcpixvelxat, xal vdQoq>OQOvCag ax xrjg x(bfjirig 
TiQbg xfi XQi^vj] yvvalxag xal xoQag xaxaka/Lc/Sdvei 
BfinQood-ei^ xov iQV/uaxog. aixai i^Qcbxary avxovg, lo 
xlvsg slev. 6 d^ sQ/LCTjvsvg ehce tcsqcJcOxI, 8xi naQO, 
^aOikicDg TtOQevovxaL TiQog xbv OaxQdnriv, at d^ dne- 
XQivavxo 8ti ovx ivxavS-' eiri, dX)^ dn^ei 8cov na^a- 
adyyriv. ot S\ ktel oxph rp^y nQog xbv xco/LtdQXV^ 
avveicfiQX^'^^'' ^^S to sQV/ua Ovv xalg vdQoq)6Qoig, 



128 LIB. IV. CAP. V. 

11 XeiQicoq>og fih oiv xal 8ooi idw^&riOav rov 
(fTQarsv/Lcarog ivravS-^ eCxQaroTiedBVOavrOy rwv cJ' 
ciXhjJv OTQarLCorwv ot /Ltij dvvd/Ltevoi dcareiJaaL Trjv 
bdbv svviCiiQsvcfav aOiroi xal dvsv tivqog* xal iv-- 

12 ravS-d xiveg dnwkovro rwv OtQarionibv. iq)€i7tovTo 
dh r&v 7iol€/il(ov OvvBiXeyfjuhov rivhg xal ret /lctj 
Suvd/Lceva rwv VTidi^vyiwv rj^nal^ov xal dkXriXoig i/id- 
XOVTo nsQi airtcov. iksinovTO dk T(bv OTQarKOTCor 
01 rs dtecpS-aQfjihoi vnb rfjg x^6vog rotg 6q)&ak/iovg 
oY re VTib rov yjvxovg xoi)g daxrvXovg r(bv nodibv 

18 aTtoOscfrpidrsg. r[v dh roig fihv dq)S'a'kfjiolg knixov- 
QTj/Lia rfjg x^^^^S, si rig /aikav rv axwv ngd rmv 
6g)S'al/Ltibv inoQevevo, rwv de nodcbv, ei rig xivoiro 
xal fiTidenoS-^ ^^avxiav exoi xal sig rijv vvxra vno- 

14 liioiro' Hoov d^ vnodeds/Lcevoi ixoi/Liwvro, eioed'dovro 
6ig ro'bg nodag ot t/Lcdvrsg xal rd vnodri/iara tibqib- 
TiTjyvvro' xal yap '^Oav, ensidi] kncihnB rdqx^^ 
VTLodiifiaxay xaq^drivai TiBnoirj/Ltivai ax rwv vbo^ 

16 ddqrwv ^owv. did rag roiavrag ovv dvdyxag {>7tB- 
iBiTCovrd rivBg rwv orQanwrwv xal Idovrag fjuk'kav 
ri ;fa>()/oy did rb BxlBkomavai avro&i rip^ ;f£dya 
fjxal^ov revTjXBrai' xal heiriXBi did XQ^ivrp^ rivd, ij 
nXrioiov ^ dr/Lvil^ovcfa iv vdntj, avravS-^ ixxQano^ 

16 /LCBVoi BxdSrprco xol ovx Bq)aOav TioQavOBoS-ai. 6 
Sb S^ocpwv wg fjoS-eco, bSbIxo avrwv ndoji rixvj] 
xal f^Tjxavfj fii] dnoXBinBoS-ai, kiywv 8ri enovrai 
nokkol noXi/Ltioi OjjVBiXByfiivoi, xal rBlBvrwv ixaki- 
naivBv. 01 ds (JcpdrxBiv bxbXbvov ov ydg dv dij^ 

17 vaod-ai TioQBvd^vai. Bvravd-^ sdo^B x^dritsrov Bivat 



LIB. IV. CAP. V. 129 

rovg knofiivovg nolsfilovg (fo^rjaaiy on xal dvvaixo, 
/uri inioKv roTg xd/LcvovOi. xal ^ /lcsv Oxorog ijSrj, 
ot dk TiQoa^Oav noXkqf S^oQV^cp aficpi (bv dxov Sta- 
q)6Q6/Lteyoi. evS-a drj ol d7ita9'og)vlax€g e^avaoxdv^ 18 
rsg adqafiov slg rovg noXs/niovg' ot de xd/uvovrsg 
dvaxQayovreg boov idvvavro /ueyiorov rag danidag 
TCQdg rd SoQar] eXQovOav. ol ds tioH/llioc dsloavrsg 
fixav iavrovg xard rfjg x'^^^^S dg triv vdnrjv, xal 
ovdelg eri ovdafiov itpS-iy^aro. xal S^oq>(bv /akv 19 
xal ol avv avrcb ainovreg roTg daSsvovcJiv, Hri 
rfi vcfrsQalcc rj^ovoi riveg hi avrovg, noQeuofisvoi, 
tiqIv rhraQa (Tiddia SisXS-slv, evrvyx^^ovOiv h 
rfj 6d(p dvanavofihoig knl rfig X'^^'^^S tolg axQa- 
ricbraig iyxexalvfifievotg, xal ovdk q)vlaxr] ovds- 
/Lcia xaS-eiOn^xsi • xal dviaraOav avrovg. ol (J' his- 
yov Sri ot efinqocS^ev oix vnoxcoQoley. o dh naQiwv 20 
xal naQamfiTKDv rcbv naXraaribv rovg ioxvQo- 
rdrovg exeXevs OxiyjaoS-aCy rl sitj rb xcoXvov. ol 
d^ dniiYYBkXov 8ri SXov ovrcog dvanavoiro rb ar^d- 
rsvfia. ivravO-a xal ot tibqI Zsvog)(bvra rjvkia&riaav 21 
avrov avw nvqbg xal ddainvoi, q)vXaxdg oi'ag idv- 
vavro xaraOrriod/Lcsvoi. 

^Enel dh n^bg iifisQav tjv, 6 fisv Zevoq)wv 
nsfixpag n^bg rovg dod-svovvrag rovg veoirdrovg 
dvadrtidavrag ixeXsvev dvayxaQetv TiQoiivai, ev dh 22 
rovrtp XsiQlaoq)og ni/unsi rwv ex rfjg xcbfitjg oxe- 
yjo/Ltivovg, nOjg exoiev ol reXevralou ol d^ dofi^oi 
idovreg rovg /uhv doS-evovvrag rovroig naQidoOav 
xofiD^eiv ijil rb OTQaroTisdov, avrol d' snoQevovro, 

Xenophontis Anabasis. 9 



130 LIB. IV. CAP. V. 

xal Tiqlv scxoOi aradia disXriXv&ivav ^Oav TiQog rfj 

23 xw/Lcrj, ev&a X€iQlcfog)og rivlil^eto. bial dh Ovvsyi" 
vovro dXli^Xoig, edo^e xara rag x(x)/uag a(iq)a'khg 
elvai rag Td§€cg Oxrjvovv. xal XeiQiGocpog /ukv ai)- 
Tov €/MsveVy ot rf' clkXoi, diaXax6vxeg ctg icoQcov xw- 

24 fA^ag inoQevorS-^ sxaCxoi xovg iaifrwr exovreg, ey&a 
di] IIoXvxQ&rrig j40rp^alog Xox^y^g ixilevOsv dcpievai 
iavrdv xal la^wv rovg ev^ibvovg, O-icov kil xtiv 
xib/Lcrp^, rjv etXrjXBi Sevo(j)(bv, xaraka/Li^dvei ndvrag 
evdov Tovg xayfiifcag xal rbv xojjLLdQXV^y ^^^ ^^" 
Xovg slg dadfibv ^aOiXel TQsq^ofihovg emaxaideKay 
xal rip^ Sv^arsQa rov xw/udQxov kydrrp^ rj/LceQav 
YByafiYifjihrpf' 6 d' dvtjQ avrfjg Xay&g (ji/ero S^- 

25 Qdocjv xal ovx ^Xo) ev rfj xcb/Lcrj, at d^ oixiai riOav 
xardysioi^y rd /lcsv oro/Lca &Ojibq cpQearcogy xdro) d' 
6VQ€iai' at d^ BLOodoi Tolg fiev vnoQvyioig OQVTCvai, 
ot (J' clvS-QConoi xare^aivov ml xXifiaxog. h dh 
ralg oixlaig riOav alyeg, oleg, ^oegy ^QViS-eg, xal ra 
exyova rovxoyy* rd dh xrTjvrj ndvra xtA<p h^dov 

26 8rQ€q)ov. ^(Jav Sh xal tivqoI xal XQiS-al xal oanqia 
xal olvog xgiS-ivog sv XQartJQOtv. svfjOav dh xai 
avral at XQiS'al hoxBiXsIg, xal xdXa/Lcoi hixBivro, 
ot /Lchv fieiQovg ot d' iXdrrovg, yovar ovx sxovrsg' 

27 rovrovg k'dei, bnors rig dctpcbr], Xa^ovra sig rd Orofjia 
juLvQbiv. xal ndvv dxQarog ^y, bI fit] rig vdcoQ em- 

28 ;f 604 • xal ndvv ridv ov/Lt/aaS'dvri rd nAfjia rp^. & 
dh S^ocfwv rov aQxo'^xa rfjg x(i)/urig ravrijg Otiv^ 
Sbitivov knoiTjOaro xal S-aQQBiv bxbXbvb, Xaywv 8ri 
ovra rd>v rixvcov oreQriaoiro rrp^ r olxiav avrov 



LIB. IV. CAP. V. 131 

dvT€/u7tXrioavreg r&v iTtirtjdsiwv dnlaocvy rjv dyaS-or 
XL T(p aTQaxevfiari i^sQ'/aod/LLSvog (paivrpcaiy eOr ctv 
€v clXlip e&vBt 'yivcovrai. 6 dh xavS-^ vniOxvelxOy 29 
xai cpiXoq)Qovov/uvog olvov ecpQaOev evO-^ ^y xaxoQco^ 
Qvy/uirog. xai xavxrjv fiev xijv vtjxxa SiaOxrp^'^- 
Cavxeg ovxwg ixoi/LLi^&ri(Jav h Ttdoiv dq>&6voig ndvxsg 
ol axQaxL&xai, iv cpvlaxfj ey^ovxeg xdv xw/LcaQxV^ 
xal xd xhiv avxov o/aov iv dcp&ak/Ltolg. 

Tfj d^ snioiioj] rifA^Qcc ABvoq>(bv Xa^(bv xbv xo)- 30 
/LcdgxW ^Q^S XeiQiaoq)OV htoQedero' Snov dh na- 
qioif ktQin^o TtQdg xovg ev xalg xwfiaig xal 
xaxeXdfi^avB navxaxov svcoxov/itiyovg xal Bv&vfioV" 
/Luvovg, xal oifdafioS-sv dcpiadavy tiqIv naQa&elvai 
avxolg cIqiOxov ovx ^ d^ bnov ov TiaQerid-saav 31 
inl xijv avxrp^ xQdneQav XQia a^veiay cQiq)eia, ;fo/- 
QBia, [loOXBia, d^viS-eia, Ovv noXkolg aQXoig xolg 
/uev nvQivoig, xolg Ss XQiS-lvoig. ondxe Si xig q)do- 32 
q)Qovov/iev6g xip ^ovkoixo TiQonielv, slkxsv inl xdv 
XQOT'^Qa, svS-ev inixvyjavx^ sdst ^oq)ovvxa niveiv 
wOneQ ^ovv, xal x(p xco/idQ^TI i^iSoOav ka/Li^dveiv 
8 TV ^ovXovTo, 6 S^ cllXo fihv ovdhv idix^ro, Hnov 
Si XLva x&v avyyev(bv Ydoi, ngbg kavxbv del iXafi- 
^avev, kftsl (J' rikd-ov ngbg XeiQiOocpoVy xaxeXd/Lir' 33 
^avov xdxelvovg (yxrjvovvxag iaxsq)ava}/Lcivovg xov 
§r]QOV x^^^^ axecpdvoig, xal diaxovovvxag ^Aqfieviovg 
naldag Ovv xalg /3aQ/3aQixalg OxoXalg' xolg naiolv 
idsixwOav &(J7i€Q ivsolg 8 xi dioi tiolbIv, insl d^ 34 
dXkrjlovg iq)iXoq)QovrjOavxo XeiQioocpog xal Zsvoip&Vy 

xoivfj dri dvriQ(bxo}v xbv xoiixd^xw ^^^ ^^^ neQCSl- 

9* 



132 LIB. IV. CAP. V. VI. 

^ovrog iQ/LtTjvicDQ, rig sctj 17 /oipa. 6 (J' hls/ev on 
^AQfuvia, xal nAliv rJQcbrcov, rivi ol Ibinoi rQ€q)oivvo. 
6 rf' slsyev irti ^aOiKel SaOfidg' rijv Ss TilrjOlov x^^^ 
Qav h'q)?! elvai Xdlv/iagy xal rijv bdbv ligppa^^ fi eiri. 

35 xal avxbv toxb fih oi/cr' ayoiv Seyoq)(bv TiQog rovg 
kaxnov olxhag, xal Ynnov bv sll'^cpsi na'kaireQov, dideuat 
T(b xcD/LLaQXTl oLvaS-QeipavTv Kaxa&vOaL, on rjxovaev 
avrdv laqov elvai rov ^H)JoVy dsSccjg /it] dnoS-dvrj* 
ixexdxoDTo yaQ vnb rrjg noQaiag* avxbg dh x(bv tho-^ 
Xeov Ia/Li^dv6if xal xwv ciXXwy OXQaxTjyd>v edwxev 

36 ixdoxw. ricav d^ ol xavxrj innoi /Lteioveg fihv xwv 
IIsQOixibv, S^/uosidsOxsQOL Se nokv. irxavd^a drj 

xal diddoxei b xw/LtdQxVS ^^P^ '^^^S Tiodag xwv 
iTiTicov xal r(bv vno^vyicov Oaxia nsQistlelv, bxav 
dia xfjg /tdyo^ ayojotv avsv yap xcov aaxiwv xaxe- 
dvovxo fJiBXQt^ trig yaaxQdg, 

VI. ^Eixel d^ rifiaQa ^v oyddt], xbv fikv 17/*- 
/Liova TiaQadldoiOi XscQcOoqxpy xovg S^ otxixag xaxa- 
lelnsi x(b xw/btdQXTly ^^^^ '^ov vlov xov ccqxi ly/Ja- 
Oxovxog' xovxov d^ ^EjiioS-irsi A/Lig)i7ioXixri naQadi^ 
do)Oi q>vXdxxBiVy Bnwg el xaX&g riyriOaixo, sxcor xal 
xovxov dnloi. xal eig xrjv olxiav avxov eiOBq>6- 
QfjOav (hg kdvvavxo nlBlOxa, xal dval^ev^avxeg kmo- 

2 Q6V0VX0. riyelxo d' avxolg b xco/LcdQX^ XekvjLcivog 
did x^^^^S' xal rjdri x" tjv iv xw XQix(p oxaS^/uipy 
xal XBiQi(Soq>og avxcb ixaXendvS^, bxi ovx Big 
X(bfiag riyayev, b d^ bKbybv 3ri ovx bIbv bv t(j> 
xdnco xovxqj. b dh XBiQiaocpog a£ixbv sjiaidB fiivy 

3 bStiOb d^ ov. BX Sb xovxov BXBlvog xrjg vvxxbg dno^ 



LIB. IV. CAP. VI. 133 

d^d^g (px^o xaxdkinwv rbv vlov, rovrd ye drj 
XeiQio6q)(p xal Zsvoq)a)vri /udvov diacpoQov hv rfj 
7ioQei(f sysvero, rj rov riyefiovoQ xdx(o(Jig xal dfjd^ 
leia. ^ EjiiaS-h^Tjg d' riQ&aS^ rov naidbg xal ohcade 
xofiidag morordrip ixQrjro. 

Merd xovt* €7iOQetJ&r](Jav kmd Ora&/Ltovg dvd 4 
nirre naqaodyyag rijg rj/Lti^ag na^d rbv ^dCiv no^ 
rafiovj svQog nlsS-Qialov. 

^EvrevS-ev kmoQeiS^aav (SraO-fiovg dvo naQa- 6 
adyyag dhca* kid dh rfj sig rb nadiov vneQ^olfi 
dnrivrriOav avroTg XdXv^eg xal Tdoxoi xal ^PaOia- 
voL X€iQiooq)og d^ ejiel xarslde rotg TtoXsjLLiovg kil 6 
rfi 'dnsQ^okfj, snavoaro TtoQsvd/LLevog, dnixojv sig 
rQidxovra Oradlovg, Yva /lct] xard xiqag dycov Tikri^ 
aidari rolg noks/Lcioig* Tiag'j^'y'yeile dh xal rolg diloig 
naqdyeiv rovg hixovg, Sjiwg htl q)dXa'yyog yivoiro 
rb Or^drev/Lca, htsl d' '^XS-ov oi d7iLaS'oq)vkax6g, i 
cvyexdksOs roijg OrQarrj/ovg xal lox^yoiig, xal ils^ 
^ev c5(fe. 01 fisv noXefiioif &g oQdrs, xarexovOi 
rag VTtsQ/Sokdg rov bQOvg' &Qa dh ^ovXeveoS-ai, 6- 
noyg (bg xdilKSr dyajviov/LceS-a. i/Lcol /Lihr ovv do- 8 
xel naQayyeZhxi fihv dQiaronomoO-ai rolg arQaridoraig, 
rj/Liag dh ^ovle^eoS-ai, eire r'/j/LtSQOv sir aijQiov do- 
xsl VTiBQ^dllsiv rb oQog. ''Efjuol di y\ eq)ri 6 Kks- 9 
dvoDQ, doxsly hidv rdx^Or aQiOri^Owfisr, i^onXiOa- 
fiivovg d)g rd^i'Or thai knl roi)g clvdQag. el ydq 
diarQiyjo/LL€v rtjv rrj/ueQOv rj/LceQaVy oi re vvv rijbidg 
oQwvreg tioH/lcioi S^aQQalswrsQoc h'aovrai xal dXkovg 
sixbg roijrcov &aQQovvro}v nlelovg TiQoOyevia&ai. 



134 LIB. IV. CAP. VI. 

10 fi^di roirtov Sevocpibv elnev* ^Eyd) d^ ovto) yt- 
yvAaxm. si /Ltev avayxri iarl /LLdx^oS-aiy toijto del 
TiaQaaxevdaaoS-ac, bniog (bg x^drcaza juaxov/LuS-a' el 
dh ^ovX6/LC€&^ (hg q^oS-^ vneQ^dXkeiVy rovrd /lcoi So- 
xel axsTiriov slvai, Sncog wg ildxtcfra /llst TQavfiara 
Id^w/LLsr, (bg ildxcora de acbjuar^ dvdQcbv dno^d- 

11 ho/Luv. rd /Lthv ovv ()Qog iarl rb oQcb/Lcevov Ttkeov 
7] iq)^ i^xovra (Ttddca, avd^eg (J* ovda/aov (pyhxT- 
rovtag rj/LLdg q)av6Qoi eloiv dlX* rj xar^ avrrp^ rijv 
oSdv noXv ovv XQeirrov rov e^rifiov oQovg xal 
xkm/jai 7171 neiQ&aS'ai kaS-drrag xal OQTidaai q)&d- 
aavrag, fj dfiwaifjLeS^ av fialXov, ij n^bg tdx^Qct 
Xfx^QioL xal dvS-QWTiovg naQeoxBva<ffiivovg /idxeoS-ai. 

12 noli) yap Q^ov oqS-lov dfjAXxA levai ij 6/LcaXkg ev- 
d-ey xal eyO-ev tioIs/lcIcov oVrcoy, xal vOxtodq dfjia- 
XbI (laXkov &v xd nqb nod(bv bq^7\ rig ij /leS-^ 17- 
/LLigav /LLaxo/Lcerog, xal 17 TQaxBia rolg d/iax^^ iovaiv 
€Vfiev€(n:6Qa ij rj &fMX,Xii rolg xeq)akdg ^aXko/LUyoig. 

18 xal xlhpai d^ ovx ddvvardv /toi doxel elvai, i§bv 
jukv wxTbg Ui^atf &g fiij oQaoS-ai^ i^bv d^ dmk- 
d-slv ToOotJTov, d}g /Ltij aioS^Civ naQ^x^iv. doxov/Ltey 
d' clr jLLoi ravrri nQoonoiov/Ltevoi TiQoO^akelv igrj- 
/MTviQip avT(p Tip oQsi XQV^^^''* /^oi&/ y&Q avxov 

14 /Ltdllov dS-Qdoi ol TioXi/iLoi. draQ rl cycb tisqI xXo- 
nrjg avfi^dkko/Lcai^; vfjidg yap €ya>y', & X6LQlaoq)6, 
dxovw totg AaxadaLfioviovgy boot i&ik x&v bfioioiv^ 
evti-vg ix naidwv xXmxBiv /LLekaxdVy xal ovx aioxQov 
slvaiy dila xakbv xkhcxeiv, baa /Lci] xcdX^si v6/uog. 

16 bncog d^ d)g xgdxioxa xHnxTfte xal TieiQaoS-e Xav~ 



LIB. IV. CAP. VI. 135 

&dv€iVy vofjiiflov naQ vfuv ioriv, iccv Xricpdrpcs yM- 
nrovrsg, /LcaOri'yovcsS'ai. vvv oiv fiaXa Ooi xaiQos 
ioriv inidsi^aoS-aL rrp^ naideiav, xal (fvld^aoS-ai, 

/LLTj XTjCpO-tb/LCeV xl€7lT0VT€g TOV OQOVQ, WQ jLCTj 71X1]- 

yag Xa^iDfiBv. ^AXXd /aivTOi, eg)!] 6 XeiQi(fog)og, 16 
xdyd) Vfjidg rovg j4dip^aiovg dxovo) deivovg elyai 
xlhrtBcv xd drifioOia, xai fid)^ bvrog deivov Tip 
xXinzom, xal roxjg XQariarovg fievrot fjidXtora, 
ecTtsQ vfilv ol xQdTiOToi dQX^'^y d^iovvxar 6ia&* 
wQa xal Ool snidsixvvoS'ai rijv naideiav, ^Eyw 17 
fih roLvw, €q)r] 6 Zeroq)(bv, eroi/Ltdg dfii rovg 
67ii6S'oq>vhtxag sxdfv, kneiddv dernvrjOw/LLeVf Urai 
xaraXTp/JOfierog rd oQog. ^co Se xal riYBfiovag* ol 
yaQ yvfjivrfteg rcbv sno/LLeywv rjfiiv xkcjncov eXa^ov 
Tivag h^edQeiioavrsg' xovrcov xal mjvS-dvo/Lcai 8ri 
ovx ci^ardv i(Tti to oQog, dXXd vi/LtevaL al^l xal /?oi;- 
aiv* w&t idmsQ ana^ Xd^co/Lcey ri rov 6Qovg, ^ard 
xal roXg wtoZvyloig eOrai. iXni^a) d^ ovdh rovg 18 
TioXe/uovg /isvelv etiy kmetddv tdcooiv rifiag ev T(b 
o/iolip €7il rcbv axQCOv ovSs yd^ vi)v iS-^XovOc xara- 
^aivBiv Big rd Yaov rifiiv. 6 Sh XBiQl6oq)og bItib* 19 
Kal ri dsl ah tirai xal Xitibiv rijv dm6S'oq)vXaxiav ; 
diX cllXovg TiB/Litpov, &v fii] xivBg hd-Bkoirtai Ooi q>al-' 
vcovrai. ht rovrov AqiOtibwfiog MBd^d^isvg bq- 20 
X^Tai dnXirag bxcov xal Aqiaxiag Xlog yvfivfjrag 
xal Nixdfzaxog Ohalog yvfivrftag" xal 6vv&rifji bjioitj- 
aavro, lm6T Bxoiey rd axga, nvQd xdBiv noXXd, 
ravra OwS-i/UBVoi rjgiarcov ix ds rov dqlarov tzqo- 21 
TjyayBv 6 XBiQlootpog rd orQdrBV/ia hdv &g dixa 



136 LIB. IV. CAP. VI. VII. 

(TraStovg nqbg rovg tioIs/llIovq, Sniog (hg fiaXiaxa 
doxoiT] ravTf] TiQood^eiv. 

22 ^Eneidij d' idelnvtioav xal vv§ iysvero, ot /usv 
xa^B'^'teg q^x^'^^f ^^^ xaraXa/Li^dvovOi rd oqogy 
ol d^ ciiloi avTov dvenavovro. ot dk noki/Ltioi bjibI 
fj(jS'OVTo rd 6Qog ixdfievov, iyQrjydQecfav xal sxaov 

23 nvQa TCoXXd Sid vvxrog. insidi] S^ rifiBQa iyivero 
XeiQiOocpog fihv &vad/Lcevog rjye xard rriv odov, ot 
da rd oQog xaraXa/idvTsg xard rd dxQa infjcJav. 

24 rcbv (J' av noXe/aiwv rd fih nokv s/lcsvsv inl rfi 
vncQ^oXfj rov d^ovg, fjUqog d^ avr&v dnrprta rolg 
xard Ttt dixqa. tiqIv d^ d/aov elvai rovg noXkovg 
dXhqkoig, av/LL/LLcyvvaaiv ol xard rd axQa, xal vi- 

25 xcbaiv ot ""EkXriveg xal diwxovOiv, kv rovr(p Ss xal 
ot ex rov nadiov ot /Ltkv nakraoral r(bv "^Ekkfp^a^v 
dQOfjLW bS-bov TtQog rovg naQaretay/Liivovgy XbiqIt- 
Ooq)og da ^ddrp^ ra/v Bq>Bineto Ovv rolg onXlraig. 

26 ot Sb Tloli/LCtOl ot BTtl rf] 6d(p BJlBldil r6 dvixi bioqcov 

TfcrdDjuiBvoVy (pn)yovor xal dni&avov /llbv ov noXXol 
avrwv, yBQQa dh ndfinoXl! Bki\(pS^' S ot ""'EkkTjVBg 

27 ralg /LcaxaiQaig xdnrovrag d^QBla inolovv, (bg d^ 
avB^rjcfaVy S^davtBg xal rQonawv OrtjOd/^Bvoi xara- 
^TjOav Big rd tibSIov, xal alg xcb/LLag noilcbv dya- 
S-wv ys/uovOag rikd-ov. 

VII. ^Ex dh rovrcov enoQevS^aav Big Tao^ovg 
draS-fjiovg nivrB naQacdyyag rQidxovra* xal rdni^ 
rrideia btibXittb' ;fa>p/a yd^ ^xovv la^v^d ot Td~ 
oxoiy Bv oig xal raTiirrjSBia navr bixov dvaxBXo/ui'^ 

2 O/LLBVoi. stibI d' dcflxovto TiQdg ;fco()/oy S Ttohv fjihv 



LIB. IV. CAP. VII. 137 

ovx €ix^ ovd^ oimasy avvslrjlvS-dreg (J' "^oav av- 
ToOs xal avd^Bg xai yvvalxeg xal XTrp/rj TiolXd, Xei-- 
Qiaoq)og /Ltev n^bg rovro TtQoai^allev evS-i^g rjxcov 
ineidij d' ri tiqcoti] ra^ig dnixa/nvsv, aXXt] nqoafiei 
xal av&ig cikki]' ov y^Q W ^^Qooig TisQiOrfjvai, 
dXXd nora/Lcdg fp^ xvxlw. knei dh S^oq>(bv rik&e 3 
ai)v rolg onio&ocpvXa^i xal TieXxacralg xal bnUxaig, 
eyravS-a dij Xeyei XeiQlooq)og' Eig xaXov ijxete' rb 
ydq x^iDQiov alQBriov rfj yaQ OXQaxia ovx eori 
Tdjiirrjdeia, el /Ltrj Xrjipd/Lced'a rb x^oyQiov. evravS-a 4 
dij xoivfj i^ovlevovro' xal rov S^oq>(bvrog epco- 
TibvTog, ri rb xcoXvov eYrj HOeX&Biv, einev 6 Xbiqi- 
(Joq)og' Mia avrrj naQodog ioriv ijv bqag' brav da 
Tig Tavrji neiQarai naQievai, xvUvdovai llS-ovg vtibq 
TavTrjg rfjg vnaQB^ovarig TthQag' og d' av xara- 
Xrjcp&fjf oiJra) SmriS-etai, a/ia d^ edei^s OvvTBTQifi" 
fievovg dvS-Qibnovg xal axiXri xal nkevQag. ^'Hv dh 5 
Tovg US-ovg dvaX(bao)Cfiv, eq>ri 6 SBvoq)(bv, clllo ri 
i] ovdhv xiaXvH TiaQih^ai; ov yccQ dij ix rov evav^ 
Tiov Sqw/lcbv 61 /LCTj oUyovg TovTovg dv&Q(b7iovg, 
xal rovrwv dvo i] TQsTg (hnkKJ/Liivovg. rb de xco- 6 
Qiov, (bg xal ov oQag, O/^edbv r^ia ^/LilTtke&Qa aoriv, 

del ^allofjiBvovg dieX&eiv' rovrov d' baov nli^ 
d-QOV daai) mrvoi dialsmovoaig /LLeydXaig, dv&^ &v 
iorrix&teg clvdQeg ri av ndcJxoisv i] vnb rcbv 9)€po- 
fihwv Xid^cov ^ VTib T(bv xvhvdo/iiivoov; rb loinbv 
df] ylyvsrai (bg "^/ulTtle&Qov, o del, orav Icocpi^acoOiv 

01 XlS-oi, TiaQadQa/Lcelv, ^AiX ev&vg, ecpr] b XeiQi- 7 
ooq)og, eneiddv dQ^ibfied-a elg rb daai) nQoievai, (pe- 



138 LIB. IV. CAP. VII. 

Qovrai ot UO-OL TioXkoL Airtb dv, eiprjf t6 diov air]* 
&axTov yaQ avakwoovoi rovg US-ovg. aXkh noQWib- 
fu&a^ evS-Bv rifilv fiiXQov rv naQa^Qa/LLelv BOTai, 
7]v dwwfjLeS-ay xal anslS-Blv Qqdiov, fiv ^ovXcb/LLsit^a, 

8 ^EvTBV&Bv inoQevovTo XeiQiOocpog xal Zevog)(bv 
xal KakkijLtaxog UaQQaOiog loxayog' rovrov yccQ rj 
riye/Ltovia riv T(bv 67uaS'oq)vXAxo}v loxaywv ixelvri 
rfj '^/ueQCc' ol d^ oUXoi loxa'yol k'/Ltevov iv rat aOfpa-- 
leL /Lcevd rovrov ovv vnfjkS-ov vno rd dhdga dv- 
&QW7toi (bg e^dofjirixovra, ov^ aS-qdoi «Ha xa&^ 

9 fVa, h'xaOrog q)vlarr6fievog wg idvvaro. \4yaaiag 
d^ 6 2rvfiq)d?uog xal l^QiOrcbvvfiog Me&vdQisvg 
xal ovroi rcov oma&ocpvldxoyv koxayol ovreg, xal 
dkXoi d^ iq)iora(Jav e^co r&v divdQcov' ov ydQ riv 
dcfcpalkg iv rolg dhd^eoiv icJrdvai nXiov ij rbv ei^a 

10 Xdxov. ev&a dri KalUfiaxog firixcX'Vdrai rr nQov-- 
rQsxBv and rov derdgov, vcp ^ ^v airvdg, dijo ij 
rqia ^i^/uara' knel d^ ot ki&oi (pSQOivro, dvsxa^ey 
6vn^(bg' icp^ ixdorrjg de rfjg TtQodQOjLLfjg nlsov i] dexa 

11 dfia^at nevQwv dvrjkiaxovro. 6 rf' Ayaaiag &g 6q^ 
rbv KaXUfjuaxov & inoisi, xal rb orQarevfia ndv 
S-eibjLtevov, deioag jllt] ov n^wrog naQadQdfjuri slg rb 
X(OQiov, oiire rbv l^QLOrwvv/LLov nXrjcJiov ovra naqa- 
xalioag oifr EvqvXoxov rbv Aovoiea hraiQovg bvrag 
oiir dlikov ovdha x^Q^^ aircog, xal naqiQX^^^ ndv-- 

12 rag. 6 dh KaXXLfiaxog wg oQq avrbv naQidvra, 
iniXa/u^dveraL avrov r^g irvog' iv dk rovrcp naQa-- 
S-el avrovg AQiOra)vv/uog Me&vdQievg, xal fietd 
rovrov EvQvXoxog Aovouvg* ndvrsg ydQ ovroi avrs- 



LIB. IV. CAP. VII. 130 

noiovvTo dQsrfjg xal dvrrjycovl^ovro tiqos dlXTjlovg' 
xal oihwg BQiQovTBs al^ovai rd ;fcop/oy. fhg yap 
a7ta§ elaidQafiov y ovdelg neZQog clvcoS-ev '^ixOrj. 
evravS-a di] deivbv rjv S-ia/ia, at yd^ yvvalxeg 13 
Qimovoai rd naidia elS-^ eavrdg enixaxBQQlTVtovv, 
xal ot drdqeg (baavT(og, hxav&a dij xal Aiveiag 
^rvfjicpdXiog Xox^ydg ld(bv nva S-eovra (bg Qirfjovra 
eauTov orokrjv s^ovra xalify kiilafi^dv^ai (bg xw- 
Xv0o3v* 6 d^ aircbv kniOTidraL, xal dfA^cpoxBQOi vo^ovro 14 
xard T&v nszQcbv q)eQ6/LLSvoi xal dne&avov. evrev" 
S-ev clvS^QwnoL /nsr ndvv oXiyoi ekriq)Si]aav, ^oeg 
dk xal ovov Tiollol xal nqo^axa. 

^Evrevd-av ijioQev&rjOav did Xakv/Scov (tta&fjiovg 15 
mrd naQaOd'yyag TisvrrixovTa. oirvoi rjcfav &v di- 
fjld^ov dhtifjuibxazoiy xal elg /^rpag fiaav. bIxov ds 
S-WQaxag hvovg /LtixQi xov rjxQov, dvxl dh x(bv 
nxBQVYOJV OTiaQxa nvxvd ioxqafifjiha. bi^ov dh xal 16 
Tcvrifudag xal XQdrrj xal naqd xrp^ l^ibvrjy fiaxaiQiov 
baov ^v^Xrp^ AaxojvixriVy ^ BOfpaxrov &v XQaxBiv 
dvvaivxoy xal dnoxBfjuovxBg dv xdg XBq)aXdg B^orxBg 
hioQBiJovxOy xal fidov xal B^d^BVoVy oti&vb ol nokB- 
fiioi airtovg bipBiSB-ai b/lcbIIov. bI/ov 3b xal doQV 
d)g TiBVXBxaidBxa ni^Bcov fjuiav Xoy/rp^ ^X^^' ovxoi 17 

BVB/LLBVOV BV XOlg UoXlO f^aOlV * BTIbI dk TiaQBX&OlBV 

ol ^'ElXrp^Bg, Binovxo xal fiaxov/LCBVoi. wxovv d^ bv 
xolg o/VQolgy xal xdnixridBia h xovxoig dvaxBXOf^i- 
Cfihov bIxov wCxb /LLTjdky Xa/LL^dvBiv avx6&Bv xovg 
"Eilrp^ag, dXXd diBXQdcprjoav xolg xxtivbOiv & ix xujv 
Tao^oiv sXa^ov. 



140 LIB. IV. CAP. VII. 

18 'jEk TovTov ol "^'ElXrp/es dcpixovro knl rbv ^L4q^ 
naoov Ttorvafidv, evQog rsrrdQWv nHS-Qwr. errsV" 
S-er inoQevS^Oav did Sxv&rjvdyv ora&fjLovs ret- 
raQag naQaodyyag sixoOi did nediov elg xw/aag' 
iv aig Bfieivav rj/LLiQag TQelg xal eneOirloarto. 

19 'EvrevS^ey difjX&ov ara&fjiovg retraQag TtaQa- 
adyyag sixoai nqbg ndXiv /ueydXTfy xal Bvdaijbiova 
oixovjLtSvrir, i] ixaXeiro rvfividg. 6 dh ravrrjg cIq~ 
XO}v Toig ^'ElXrjcJiv riysfiova nifjmuy Snwg Sid rrjg 

20 eavrw TtoXe/Lciag x^Q^S dyoi avxovg, iX&cov d' 
ixeivog li'yei, 8ri a§6i avrovg nh&^ iifiBQOJv elg ;fa>- 
Qiov, 8&€v bxpovrai d'alarrav' et dh (jL7]y i:e&vdvcu 
krniYYd'kaTo. xal riyovfi^og hiBidri ivi^aker elg rip^ 
nols/LiiaVf TiaQexeXsvsro aY&eiv xal (p&eiQBiv rip^ ;fc&- 
Qav & xal dfjlov iyevero Hrv rovrov evexsv tiqoO- 

21 eX&oif ov rfi tOjv "^Eklrivcov svvoia. xal dcpi-- 
xvovvrai knl to oqog rfj Tti/LCTttrj rj/usQa' ovofA.a dh 
rib oQBi i]v 0rix'i]g» snel d' oi TiQwroi iyiyvovro knl 

22 rov bQovg, XQavyi] nokkri i'/kyevo. dxoijaag d^ 6 
Sevocp&v xal ot 67iia&oq>v'kaxBg (bti&Tjaav sfiTiQCH 
aS-BV aXXovg kniri&eo&ai Ttole/Liiovg' einovro ydQ 
omcfS-ev ot ix rfjg xao/Li€V7]g x^9^^> ^^^ avribv ol 
d7iiO&oq)vXax€g dnexTsivdv ri rivag xal iCcbyQijOav 
kyedgav noirjOd/Ltsvoiy xal yeQQa hla/Sov daOeiibv 

23 l3oa>v (b/Lto^deia d/Liq)l rd eXxodiv. knsl d^ 17 ^ori 
Tikeioiv X iylyvsTo xal iyyvreQor xal ol del kni- 
ovTsg e&Bov d^o/LLCp knl rovg del jSocovrag xal nok~ 
Xcp /u€i^(ov iyiyvero 17 /iori ocfip drj nXeiovg iyiyvov-- 

24 TO, idoxei drj /ueil^ov ri elvai Tip S^oqiSyirtiy xal 



LIB. IV. CAP. VII. VIII. 141 

ava^ag icp' Ymiov xal Avxiov xal xovg tnmag ava-- 
Xa^wv 7caQ€^orjS'€i' xal rdx^ drj dxovovOi ^ocbvrary 
Twv OTQartionwv ^^d-dkarra S-dlarcra xal naQsyyv- 
(bvrwv. ey&a di] eS'Bov ndrreg xal ot d7iia&oq)V- 
Xaxeg, xal xd vnoQvyia r\kavv^o xal ot innoi. kial 25 
d^ dq)ixovro ndvrsg ml rd dxQov^ irrav&a drj tibqi-^ 
i^aXXov dU^ikovg xal ar^aTrj'yovg xal Xoxc^yovg da- 
XQ'dovrsg. xal i^anlvrjg 8rov di] naQSYyvriaavTog 
ot (fTQariwrai q)€QovOL US-ovg xal noiovoi xolwvov 
fieyav, hravS'^ dv^iS-eOav deQ/Lcdrcjy nXrjS-og (bfio- 26 
/Soeiwv xal ^axxriQiag xal ralx/^dlwra yBQQa, xal 
6 fiyefidjv avrog re xarhafjuve rd yaQqa xal rolg 
dlkoig disxeksvero. /Ltsrd raxha rdv riyefiova ot 27 
"EkXrjveg dnonefinovOi d&Qa dovreg dnd xoivov iizr- 
Tiov xal (pidXr(v dgyvgdv xal Oxevijv IIeQaixr]v xal 
daQBiXoi)g dexa' ifiBi di fjudXitSra rovg daxrvXiovg, 
xal eka^e nollovg naqd tcov (JTQaTiiorcbv. xw/uriv 
dk dei^ag avrolg ov OXTp^YjcfovOi xal rriv odov rjv 
jioQevOorrai elg MdxQiovag, knel ioneQa iyiv^o, 

VIII. ^Evrevd-sv rf' enoQedS-rjCJav ot ^'Ekkrjveg 
did MaxQibvwv oxa&fjuovg TQSig naQaodyyag dexa. 
rfj nqdytri d^ V/^QV dq)lxovTO kfil rbv TtoTa/Ltov, og 
WQiCe rijv T(bv MaxQcbvcov xal rrp^ rojv 2xvdi]vd}v. 
61/ov rf' V7i€Q ds^icov /(OQiov olov x(^le7i(brarov xal 2 
i§ dQiOteQdg dXlov Ttora/btdv, elg ov ivs^aXkev 6 
6qCC,o}v, di o{) edei dia^rjvai, ijy (J' oirog daovg 
dhSqeoi naxscfi fjih oii, nvxvolg dL ravr knel 
nQoafjld-ov ot "^'Ekkrjveg sxomov, anevdovreg ex rov 



142 LIB. IV. CAP. VIII. 

3 ;fCOp/oi; (bg raxiOr hSslS-slv. ol dh MdxQWvsg e^ov- 
Teg ysQQa xal loy^ag xal TQi/ivovg ^''^(bvag xax 
avrmiqav rfjg dia^Aoawg naQoreta'yfiivoi "^Oav xal 
dUriloig diexeXevovro xal U&ovg slg rbv norafjibv 
iQ^iTtuouv' e^vxvovvTo d^ ov, ovd^ e^lanrov ovdey, 

4 ^'Ev&a drj TtQodBQX^ai SBvoq)(bvri r&v nel- 
raax&v dvrjQ It^S^rjai q>dOx(jt)v dedovXevxhai, li- 
yoyv 8x1 yiyvibaxoi rip^ q)(jt)vrp/ rtbv dv&QibniJOv. 
xal olfiaiy €q)ri, efirp/ ravrrp^ naTQid' elvar xal st 

6 /jLTJ Ti xcoktiei, id^ikw avrolg diaXexSip^aL. ^AlX ov^ 
dh xvolvei, Bqyriy dlXd diak^ov xal fid&B nqmrovy 
riveg elaiv, ol d^ ehiov iQarcrjaavrog Ihi Mdxpaiveg. 
'EQarva rolvvv, eq)?], avrovg^ rl dvrirevdxarai. xal 

6 ;f p/J^of (T^y rj/LLlv noXi/itioi elvai. ol d^ djisxQivavro' 
"Otv xal Vjueig knl rip^ rifju^iQav x^Q^^ enixtOQelre. 
Xayaiv ixeXsvov ol 0TQaT7]'yol Uri ov xax&g ye noirj-^ 
oovreg, dlXd ^aaiXsl noXs/juriCavvsg dJisQX^/^^^^ *fe 
rip/ ^^Ekldda, xal knl d-dkarrav PovX6fie&^ dq)Lxead'ai. 

7 TiQaJTCDV BXSIVOI, 61 doi6V OtV TOVTCDV TOJ TtlOxd. ol 

d^ eq)aoav xal dovvai xal Xa/^eiv i&eXeiv. evrev- 
d-Bv didoadiv ol MdxQcoveg ^aQJSaQixijv koyxv^ '^olg 
"EkXrjCfLV, 01 (?' "^'ElXrivBg ixeivoig "^Ekhjrixip^' ravra 
yaQ Mq)a(Sav mora elvar S-sovg d^ knsfiaQrvQavx 

8 Metd &€ rd mard sifSi^g ot Mdx^ioveg xd 

dhd^a Ox/yۤ6X07iTov xrp^ &^ odbv (bdonoloi/y wg dia- 
^i^dfvxeg ky /uiooig dva/Lte/Lciy/LLSvoi xoig "^'Elkriaiy 
xal dyoQav diav edvvavro TiaQslxov, xal Tia^tfyayov 
h XQioly TifJLBQaigf €ODg inl xd Ko^x^'^ ^V^" xaxi- 



LIB. IV. CAP. VIII. 143 

(trrjoav rovg "EXXr]vag. evzavd-' ^y oQog /My a' xal 9 
£7x1 TOVTov ot KoXxoi' TiaqaTBi^aY fjihoi ^Oav, xal 
rd fJih^ TiQwrtov ot "Ellrp/BQ dvTi7iaQet(i§avTo, (hg 
ovTwg cl^ovreg TiQog rd oQog' sneirta d^ edo^e rolg 
cfTQarrj/olg jiovkevoao&ai OvXleyelOir, bnwg (bg 
xakh0T ayiDviovvrai. ele^ev ovv Zsvocpdfv brv lo 
doxoltj ol Tcavdavxag rr]r qxiXayya Xo/ovg dQ&iovg 
noifjoar ^fj /llsv yccQ cpdkay^ diaanaa&rjOerai bv^ 
S^g' rfj fiky yoLQ avodov, rfj d^ euodov evQ^Oo/Mv 
TO Sgog' xal €v9vg tovto a&vfiiav noirjOBi, brav 
TBTay/usvoi Big cpdlayya ravxriv duOnaO/LLeyrjv oqw- 
aiv. hiBirt ijy fib^ enl noiXibv revay/LLBvoL ngood^ ii 
yw/LLBr, 7iBQiTT€V(JovOiv fifjitbv 01 tioXb/llioi xol Tolg 
TiBQirroTg XQV^ovrai b xi dv ^ovlcovrar idv (J' m 
dXiywv retay/LLh^oL ioo/lcbv, ovdhr dv bItj S^avfiaarov, 
Bi diaxoTiBiri rifjuibv rj q)d'kay^ a&Qoojv xal ^bIcov 
xal avS-QCOTKov nollcbv BfiTiBOovrcoy' bI Sb njj tovt 
BOxai, 8X7} Tjj (pd^ayyv xaxov Bdrai. dXkd fjuoi do- 12 
xbI ogS-lovg rovg Xo^ovg TioirjOa/LCBVovg^rocJoiJToy ;fa>- 
^iov xaraoxBlv dvaXmovrag rolg Xo/oig, 8(Jov b^co rovg 
BCf^drovg Xo/ovg yBviaS-ai rwv nolBfiiwr XBQdrwv 
xal oilxiog ioo/LLBO-a rfjg tb rwv tioXb/ucwv q)dXayyog 
B^o), xal oQ&iovg dyovTBg ol x^drioroi rj/Ltcbv TiQonoi 
TiQOOiaOiv, fi T dv Bijodov fi ratfTTj BxaOrog H^ti. 
xal Big TB rd SiaXBinov ov qddiov BCfrai rolg noXe- 13 
juioig bIobXS'bIv eyS-BV xal bv&bv Xo/cdv ovtcov, dia- 
xdtpai X ov qddiov BOrai Xo/^ov Hq&iov TiQOOi&yra, 
idv ri Tig TCiS^rfuai rwv Xd^wv, 6 tiXtjOiov ^orid^OBi. 
ijv 5-' Big Ttfi dwriS-fi tojv Xoy^oov ml xb dxQov dva- 



142 LIB. IV. CAP. VIII. 

Tsg yeQQa xal Xo'yx^S xal Tqi/^ivovg /^iTibvag xaz 
avTimQav rfig dia/^dctewg naQaTEtayfjihoi ^^aav xal 
aXkrikoig di€xeleuovTO xal Xi&ovg slg rbv norafjibv 
iQQinTow a^vxvovvTo d^ ov, ovd^ e^kanrov ovdev, 

4 ^'Ev&a di] TtQodBQX^o^^ S^ocpibm xCbv nsh- 

xacx&v dvi]Q ^A&rp^riav q)dox(jov dedovXmjxh^aif Xe- 
yoyv 8ti yiyvdyOxoL rijv (pwvip^ rcbv dvS'QibTTwv. 
xal olfiaiy €q)ri, e/A/fp/ ravrrp^ naxQid' elvar xal el 

6 fi7] TV xoolvei, eS-ikw avrolg diaXexS^vai. AXX^ ov^ 
Skv xwXveif ecpT], dXXd diaX^ov xai /udS^B n^ibrov, 
riveg elalv. ol d^ elnov eQonriaavTog 8rt MdxQcoveg. 
^EQwrra Toivvv, €(pr], avrovg^ rl dmretdxaraL xal 

6 X9tK^^^^^ rj/Lclv noXi/Ltioi elvai, ol d^ djtsxQlravro * 
"Otv xal vfjislg hil Trp^ ^/uetsQav /eopa?' enixiOQeirs. 
Xiyeiv ixiXevov ol OTQarrD^ol 6rt oif xax&g ye tioitj^ 
oovTsg, dXXd ^adiXn noXefiTiOavxeg oJieQX^/^^^^ ^h 
xijv "^EXXdda, xal knl d-dXarrav PovX6fie&^ dcpixiaS^ai. 

7 TiQibzcDv ixeivoi, el doleif av tovtcov rd niozd. ol 
d^ eq)aOav xal dovvai xal Xa^elv e&eXeiv. evrev- 
&ev didoadiv ol MdxQCoveg ^aQ^aQixrp^ XoyxW '^^fe 
"EkXriaiVy ol rf' ^'EkXr]veg exeivoig "^ EHrp^iXTiv ravra 
ydq ecpadav mora elrat' S-eovg d^ kjiEfiaqrvQavr 

djLtCpOTeQOl. 

8 Merd Se xd mord evS^g ol MdxQWveg xd 
dhdqa dwe^exonrov rrp^ &* odbv wdonoioi/v wg Sia- 
^i^dfvreg ky fieaoig dvafiefiiyfihoi xolg "^'ElXrjai, 
xal dyoQdv oiav edijvavro naQelxoVy xal na^rfyayov 
iv TQtolv TifjueQaig, ecog knl xd K6Xxo)v bqia xaxe- 



LIB. IV. CAP. VIII. 143 

(tTTjOav Tovg "EXlrjvag. evravd-' ^y oQog fjUya* xal 9 
€7x1 Tovrov ol KoXxot naQareza'y/Lih^oL fiOav. xal 
rb fih^ TtQdrcov ot "ElXr]V€g avrmaQ^a^avro, (bg 
oihwg cl§ovT€g TtQog ro oQog' hmira (J* edo^e roig 
arqarriYolg ^ovle^OaO&ac ovkXeyslOir, ihtvog (bg 
xdXh0T aywvLovvTai. ils^sv ovv S^ocpibv on lo 
doxoirj ol TiavOarrag rrir (palayya Xo^ovg OQ&iovg 
TtocfjCai* fi /Ltkr yaQ qxxkay^ diaOnaoS-i^aetai bv^ 
&ug' xfi fiky yccQ clvodov, rj] d^ eUoSov euQi^Oo/Ltev 
rd dQog' xal evSvg tovto a&vfiiav noirjdBi, 3rav 
retay/usvoi elg q)(i).ay'ya ravxrp^ dieOTiaafjuhrp^ oqco- 
Oiy. BJiBLt' ijv fih^ kill nolXibv Tetay/LLsvoi TiQoOa-- ii 
ya)/LL€Vf TiBQiTrevOovOiv rj/LLibv 01 Tioli/LLiOL xal rolg 
TtBQirroTg ;fp^(Torrai 8 ri av ^ovlojvrar iav (J' in 
dXiywr recayfityoL ico/llbv, ovdky av Birj S-avfiaOxdv, 
bI diaxoTiBirj rifiibv i] cpaXay^ a&qooiv xal ^bX&v 
xal avS-Qibnoyv noklibv BfinBOovroyv* bI Sb nji tovt 
Bdxaiy UXji rfj q)dXayyv xaxbv BOrai, dkld fjuoi do^ 12 
xbI oQd'lovg Tovg Xo/^ovg noirjOa/LCBVovg^roOovToy ;fco- 
Qiov xaraaxBiv diahnovrag rolg X6)^oig, 8(Jov b^cd rovg 
ioxdrovg Id^ovg yBVBa&ai rcbv noXB/Lcieov XB^drcov 
xal ovTwg BOo/LtB&a trig tb tcov tcoIb/uioov cpdlayyog 
B^io, xal oQ&iovg ayovTBg 01 XQdriOroi tj/lcwv tcqcotoi 
TtQOOlaOiVy fi T av eiiodov fi ravrr] BxaiTtog S^ti, 
xal Big TB rd dialBinov ov qddiov BOrai rolg tcoXb- 13 
fiioig bIobIS-bIv eyS-BV xal bv&bv Xdy^wv ovtcov, dia- 
xdtpai X ov Q({diov BOrai koyov Hq&iov TiQooidrta, 
idv TB Tig TtiS^TjTai rwv Xdyoyv, 6 Tilrjalov ^orid^OBi. 
ijv &^ Big Tijj dvvri&i] tojv X6xo)v ml to axqov dva- 



146 LIB. IV. CAP. VIU. 

yvfivixbv BV T(p Sq€i, h^&aneQ eoxrp^oxjv. eXlovro 
dh jQaxovTLOv SnaQTidrrjv, Sg eq)vys naig sxi oixo- 
^ev, nald^ axojv xaraxavcjv ^xnikji nard^ag, d^o/Ltov 

26 t' ini/LuXrid^ai xal rov ayibvog nQocTvarfjaau ineidri 
d^ rj Snjoia iysveio, zd deQ/uara naQedoOav Tip Jga- 
xorriqp, xal rj'yelod'ai sxikevov Hnov rbv d^ofjuov 
TienoiTjxcjg eirj, 6 dk dsl^ag ovnsQ iarrixorsg h:vy- 
XOivov Ovrog 6 l6q)og, sqni, xdXki(ftog TQi/eiv, iinov 
dv Tig ^ovXrfcai. IKbg ovv, eq>aaaVf dtryrjOezai 
nakaUiv h axX7]Q(p xal daoal ovTcog; 6 d' elns' 

27 MdiXdv TL dvidoerai 6 xaTansOibv. ifymviZovTo 
dh Tialdeg jllsv Orddiov %(bv alxfiahbriiffv ol nXsiOToi, 
ddXt^ov de KQTJTeg nXaiovg ^ k^xovta sS^eov' ndhrp/ 
dh xal nvyfiip^ xal nayx^driov daxovvtiov xaXri d-ia 
hyh^o' TioXkol yap xazi^riaar xal &t€ S-ew/btevcoy 

28 Twr ktalQWv Tiolkr] q)iXovixia iylyvero. ^eov dh xal 
1717101 xal hdei airtovg xarvd tov nQavovg ildoarrag 
€v Tfj S-akdTTTj V7io(STQhfjavTag Tidhv dvm TiQog rbv 
^(o/Lidr dyeiv. xal xdTOO /ithv ol TCoiXol ixakiv-- 
dovvTO ' avw dh Tt^dg rb^ loxvQibg oq&lov (xokig /?«- 
drpf hioq^ovS^ ol XTiTtot* ev&a Tioilij x^avyii xal 
yakog xal TiaQaxekevdig iyiyvero. 

E. 

2 ^Ex dh TOVTOV avvel&ovTeg i^ovksvovTO tisqI 

TTJg Xomfjg 7ioQeiag' dviorrj dh TiQwrog Abo^v Oov- 



1 ''Oaa iihv df] iv zfj dva^doei rj] fxsra Kvqov BTtqa^av 
oX "Ellijveg, xai oaa iv Tfj Ttogelxjc Tfj (.isxQ^ ^^^ S^dloT- 



LIB. V. CAP. I. 147 

Qiog xal ele^ev wde' ^Eyw fihv toIvvv, eg)?], & 
ctvdqsgy dTulQTjxa ijdri avaxeva^o/LLSvog xal ^adl^wv 
xal TQe/ary xal ra Snka q)€Q(vv xal iv Td§€i id)v 
xal q)vXaxag q)vXdTtwv xal /uaxofuvogy iniS-v/LCib 
(J' Tjdri navoAjLLBvog Tovreov x&v Ttdviov, htsl &d~ 
Xaxxav ex^/uvy nXeiv rd kombv xal ixrad^elg &071bq 
' Odvaoei^g dcpixio&ai alg rriv "^E^Xdda. ravr dxoii- 8 
cavreg ol OXQariibTai dve&OQV^ricfav, d)g ed kiyoi* 
xal c(Xkog rai/c klaj^e, xal ndvreg ol naQiovrsg, ejisira 4 
Sk XeiQlaoq)og ayiori] xal einsv &dB' ^ikog fiol 
iariv, & civdQsg, ir Bv^avTiq^ lt4va§i^iog, vavaQ/^ibv 
&" exel Tvyx^^^'" ^ ^^^ nifixprfca /ue, oI/Lcai oiv ik- 
d-eiv xal TQiriQBig €/(ov xal nloia rd fifiag d§(yyTa* 
vfjbBig d^ BirCBQ nkelv jiovXsa&e, nsqifih^^, Mar dv kyd) 
MXd-m* fj^CD Sh raxicog. dxovOavreg ravO-^ ol otQa'wi- 
curat rjo&rjcfd'y re xdi/jrjq)l(favro n'kelv avxbv d)g rd- 
Xi(fca, 

Mevd Toi/cov S^ocpibv dvecTvrj xal hle^sv &de" 5 
XeiQlaoq)og fiky dri knl nkola OreXkevai, rj/itslg d' 
dva/Lierovfisv. Hda /lcoi oiv doxel xaiQdg ilvai noi^ 
€ty iv Tfj" /u^ovfj, ravT €Q(b. TtQwrov /uh raTitrri^ 6 
Seta del noQi^eoS-aL ix rrjg noXs/ilag' oihs yaQ dyoQa 
k'&ity Ixavij oiiS-^ 8tov wvriiJo/usS'^ evnoQia, at fii] 
iUyoig TiOiVf "^ da x^Q^ noXa/Liia' xlvdvvog otjv 
nokkoi^g ojio'k'kva&ai, ijv djuaXcbg re xdq)vXdxrcog no^ 

Tctv rijv iv T{p Ed^elvq) ndiTip, xat &g slg TqaTtal^ovvTa 
Ttdkiv ^EkXrjvida dcpiy.ovTo, xai a)g dnad'vaav S eil^avro 
<T(ori^Qia dvaaiv evd'a TtQtbrov alg cpiXiav yfjv d(pi/.oivco, iv 
r{p Ttqda&av kdyct) dedrjkcoTai, 

10* 



148 LIB. V. CAP. I. 

7 Q6vrjCf&' sTil rdjiiTrjdeia. dlXd fioi doxel cvv tzqo- 
vofudg XafjL^avBiv rdniri^deia, ciXloog dk /lltj nla- 
rdo&ai, ijfiag ds rovrwv ini/Luleia&ai. edo^e raiha. 

8 *'Eti rolvvv dxovoare xal rdde. snl Xeiav ydQ v/aibr 
exnoQevdovxal riveg. olfiai oiv ^ektiov elvai tifitv 
elnelv rbv fjikTXovx e§iivai, q)Q6^eiv dh xal onoi, Yva 
xal rd Tilfj&og €id(b/Li€v xCbv iSidvcwv xai r(bv fiB- 
vovTiov, xal cfv/LLTtaQacfxevd'Cwjuev, idv tl deji, xav 
^oTj&fjaai riOi xaiqbg j], ddwfju^ bnoi deridei ^orj- 
&BlVy x&v Tig r(bv dneiQoriQWv i'yx^''9fi ^^h <^y/^ 
^ovlsvw/LLSv TieiQcb/Ltevoi eldhaL rriv dvva/iiv eg)* ovg 

9 civ iioOiv, edo^s xal raiha. ^EvvoBvte dh xal T6d\ 
filgpTj. O/okri Toig noke/iioig I'^l^eO&aif xal duxaUog 
rifMV eJiiPovl^ovCiV exofiey y^Q rdxeivwv* vtisq^ 
xd&rpn:ai d^ rj/Ltcbv. q)vlaxdg difj fioi doxel delv 
71€qI rb (fTQardnedoy alvar idv ovv xard fiiQog 
q)vXdrTa)/Lcev xal oxon&fievy ^ttov ay dvvaivxo rj/udg 

10 S^Qdv ol noXi/LLioi. etc roivvv xdd^ oQaxs. el /Ltev 
rpii(STdfia&a (yaq)(bg, Sn rj^ei nXola XeiQi(yoq)og ilyior 
Ixavdy ovdev dv adei &v futlio Xiyeiv yvv d^ end 
xovT ddrfkov, doxel /lloi neiQaO&ai nkoloC avf^naQa-- 
axevd^eiv xal avrd&ev. ijr fihv yaQ elSji dyoyv, 
{>7iaQx6vT(ov er&dd^ ev dg)&ova)TeQoig nkevOofiad'a" 

n rjv de fir] dyji, rolg ev&dde xQriadfie&a. oqio (J* 
eyo) nXola noXkdxig naQanXiowa' el ovv ahriad-- 
fievoL naqd Tqan^ovvriiov fiaxQa nXola xardyoi-- 
fiev xal q)vkdTroijLtev avxa, rd TttjddXia naQaXvo" 
fjL^oiy ecjg av hxavd rd d§ovra yh/rfvai, lOoog dv 
ovx dnoQTidaifiev xofiidfjg ol'ag deojLte&a. edo^e xal 



LIB. V. CAP. I. 149 

rairta. ^Evvori(SaTe d\ kg)!], si etxdg xal TQScpsiv 12 
and xoivov ovg av xaraydyoo/Ltev, Sdov civ xQ^^ov 
rjfiibv erexey /ll€V(o(Ji, xal vavaS-Xov cftn^S-io&aiy bnmg 
ibcpsXovvreg xal d)cpsk(bvTai. edo^e xal ravra. //o- 13 
X€t rolvvv /not, sq)?], ijv H^a xal rav&^ tj/llIv /utj ixTte^ 
^alvTjfcaiy &0T aQxelv ra nloia, rag Sdoi^g, 8g dvOTtd- 
Qovg dxovojLtev ehai, raig naQcc d-dXarrav oixovOaignd^ 
XscJiv hreiXaod'ai idonomv ' neioovrai yaQ xal did rd 
q)o^€loS'ai xal did rd ^ovkeoS'ai tifbLibv dnakla'yfjvai. 

""Evrav&a d^ dvixQayov, wg ov deoi odomoQeiv. u 
6 (J' d)g eyvo) rijv dg)QOCfvvrp/ avrcjv, e7t€tfrriq)i(J€ 
/Lisv ovdh^y rdg 8h nolsig ixovOag eneioey ddonoisiv, 
XayiDv on &avtov dnaXXd^ovraiy ify bvtioqoi yhmv- 
tai at ddoL ala^ov dh xal TtsvrijxovroQov naqd I6 
T(bv TQans^ovvricoy, fi S7i6(nr]0av Jb^iutiov Adxoiva 
716QIOIXOV. xal oifTog d/ieXrjOag rov Ovilayeiv nkoia 
dnodQag ^x^^ ^?^ ^^^ Uovrovy ex(ov rijv vavv. 
oirog /LLkv ovv dixaia ejia&ev Hotbqov iv &Qdxr] 
'yaQ naQa SevSji noXvTiQay/Ltovwv rt dnSS-avev vnb 
NixdvdQov rov Adxwvog. eXa^ov dh xal rQiaxov^ 16 
TOQoVy fi eJia0rd&7i UokvxQdrrjg ^AS^aiog, 8g dndaa 
la/Li^dvoi nXoia xarfjyev enl rd arQaronsdov, xal 
rd fjuhv aYoyyifia, eY ri fiyovy i^ai^oviuevoi q)vXaxag 
xa&laraCav, Hmjog ad eitj, roig dh nXoloig ixQ^lOavr 
eig TiaQaywyriv. iv ^ dh ravr ijv, enl Xelav i^Oav 17 
ot "^'EXXrivsg, xal ot /uhv iXd/u^avov 01 dh xal oii. 
KXeaivetog d^ i^ayaywr xal rov iavrov xal dXXoy 
Xdxov TiQbg ;fa)()/oy ;faA€7i6y avrog r dniS^ava xal 
dXXoi TtokXol r(bv Ovv avrw. 



148 LIB. V. CAP. I. 

7 QevricS'^ 8711 raTiiTrjdeia. dXld /llol doxel ohv txqo- 
vofialg ka/Lt^dv€iv Tdmri^dsia, clXkeog dk jLti] nla- 
vaO&ai, ri/bLag dh tovtcdv BnifuXelaS-ai. edo^e raiha. 

8 ^'Eti roivvv dxovcfars xal rdde, bil Xeiav ydQ vfjiibv 
€X7ioQ€vaovral rivsg. olfiai oiv ^iXrvov slvai ti/mv 
eineiv rdv /uilXorr^ i^iivaL, q)Qd^Biv dh xal onoi, iva 
xal rd Ttkfi&og €id(b/Li€v twv 6§i6vca)V xal rwv fie- 
vovrcov, xal (fv/inaQaOxevd'Ccojuev, idv n dejjy xav 
^oriS^Oal rioi xaiQdg fi, eldoj/uev Hnoi dei^cfev ^orj- 
&BlVy xHv rig xwv dTisiQoreQoyv s'/X^'^QH ^^h (^vf^ 
^ovXe^co/ier TieLQcb/Lceroi sldhai Trjv dvva/uiv iq)^ ovg 

9 civ iwOiv. hdo^e xal ravra. ^EvvobItb dh xal T6d\ 
€q)rj. OxoXtj rolg TioXe/iloig XjjC^od-aif xal dvxaixog 
rifjuv eJii^oyXBUOVtSLV* sxo/Ltev '/aQ rdxelvcov* vtisq- 
xd&rprcai (J* rj/acbv. q)vlaxdg d'fi /uoi doxel delv 
neql rb (STQaronedov elvar idv ovv xard fjUQog 
q)vXdTTa)/uev xal axonw/LLev, rjrTov av dvvaivro rj/Ltdg 

10 S^Qdv oi noXefiioi. eri roivvv rdd^ oqare. el fjiht 
rffiiardfjue&a dacpibg, ih:i Tj^eL nXola XeiQiCocpog clycov 
txavd, ovdhv av edei &v /u^XXa) Xiyeiv vvv d^ enel 
rovr ddriXoVj doxel fioi neiQdO&ai nXolot OvfJunaQa-- 
CxevaC,eiv xal avrd&ev. ijv fihv ydQ eXSjj clywv, 
{maQ/dvrarv evd-dd^ ev dq)S'ovoneQoig TiXevOo/iBS-a" 

n ijv dh fiij oiyri, rolg evS-dde XQV^^f^^^^' ^9^ ^' 
eyo) nXola noXXdxig naqanXeovra' el ovv alnjad-- 
fievoL naQa TqaneQovvrioyv fiaxQa nXola xardyoi-- 
fiev xal q)vXdrroifiev airtd, rd nrjddXia naQaXvo'- 
fievoi, ecog av hcavd rd d§ovra yhijtaiy ioiog av 
ovx dnoQi^Oaifiev xo/iidfjg ol'ag deo/ue&a. e'do^e xal 



LIB. V. CAP. I. 149 

ravra. ^EvvoriOare 3% scpr], si atxdg xal TQscpetv 12 
unb xoivov ovQ av xaraydyw/Ltev, Sdov oiv XQo^ov 
rj/LiOfv erexsv fiho)Oi, xal vavaS-lor Ovv&eo&ai, oncog 
wg)6kovvT€g xal (bg)€l(bvrai, k'do^e xal ravra. jdo^ 13 
xel rolvvv /lcol, eqyi], ify cl^a xal ravS-^ rifiiv fjui] ixne^ 
^alvTfcai, &(Sr aQxeiv ra nloiay rag 6doijg, &g dvOn6~ 
^ovg dxovo/LLev elvai, raig naQa S-dlarrav olxovOaignd^ 
XeOiv hrBiXacS-av bdonoiBiv • neiaovraL yaQ xal did rb 
(fo^uoS^ai xal did rb /^ovXeoS-ai ^/uibr dnaXXa'yfjvai. 

^EvravS-a (?' dvix^a'/ov, wg ov deoi bdoinoqeiv. 14 
6 d^ fhg syvo) rrjv dq)QOCfvvrp^ avrdfv, eTteiprjcpicfs 
/lev ovdh^j rdg dh noleig ixovOag eneKJsr ddonoieiv, 
kiyayy 8ri S-arrov dnaXXd^ovrai, ijv evnoQoi yh^tov- 
rai at bdoL eXa^ov dh xal neyrrjxdvroQov naqd 16 
ribv TQaneCovvriwv, fj sTisarrjOav Je^mTiov Adxijova 
TieQioixov. xal oiirog dfiehfioag rov avkleyeiv nlola 
dnod^dg 4^;f6To c^o) rov IlovroVy M/^oyv rrjv vavv. 
oirog /Lckv ovv dixaia BTta&ev {Jaregov h Ogaxt} 
ydQ TiaQd SerjSji noXvTiQay/Ltovibv rt dniS-ayey vnb 
NixdvdQov rov Adxoyvog. kla/Sov Sk xal rQiaxov- le 
TOQOVy fi kfiBOrd&ri UoXvxgdrrig l^&ijvaiog, Sg ondoa 
ka/Lt^dvoi nXoia xarfjyBV snl rb orQardnedov. xal 
rd fisv dycbyi/ia, ei ri ^yov, i^ai^ovfievoi q)vXaxag 
xa&linaaaVy dnoog Oa eir]y roig dh nkoloig ixQtlOavr 
eig TiaQaycoyi^. ky & dh ravr rp^y enl Xsiav i^Oav 17 
01 ^^EkXi]y€g, xal 01 /ley ild/Lc^ayoy 01 dh xal oii. 
KXealyetog d^ i^ayayd)y xal rby iavrov xal alloy 
Id^oy TiQbg /^ojQioy /alsnby avrog r dm&aye xal 
dlloi TioXlol rujy ovy avrib. 



150 LIB. V. CAP. II. 

II. ^EtisI 3s xanvtrideia ovxhi. ^ ka/n/idvsiv 
&(S% oJiav&rifUQl^eiv inl xb azQarcdnedoVy ex rov- 
Tov ka/Sojv S^ocp(bv riye/LWvag xwv TqaneX^ovvriwv 
i^dyei elg Jqilag rd ij/uav rov arQarev/Ltarog, to 
d^ i\fiusv xariXine qyvXAxTBtv t6 cfTQaroTudov ol yaQ 
Kdlx^h ^"^^ exTteTtrioxdreg rwv otxiibv, noXXol rioav 

2 a&Qooi xal VTiBQexaS-rprco enl Td>v axQWv. ol dk 
TQan^oTivxioiy indS-sv fihv r&rtnriSsia ^adiov ^ Xa- 
^Biv, ovx 7f/(yv* (pikoi ydq avrolg ijoav elg de roijg 
JqLkag Ti^oS^fiatg rfyov, vcp &v xax&g eitaa/^ov, 
dg x^9^ '^ dQeiva xal djjo^ara xal AvS-Qibnovg 
noXs/uxaytdrovg rwv ev T(p IJdvrqf, 

8 ^Ihel <>' ijoav h rfj avw x^9^ ^^ "EkXijyBg, 

Snola r&v /co(>/a)y rolg Jglkaig &k(bCi/Lca tlvav Md- 
xuy ifJuni^fjuJiQavTBg dnfjaav xal ovdkv ^ Xafi^dysiv, 
H /i/fj 'dg ij ^ovg ^ oiXlo ri xrfp^og zd tivq diane^ 
q)evy6g. Ih d^ ^ x^9^ /LtriTQdTtoXi^ avrwv elg 
Todro ndvTsg OxrysQQviptBaav, tibqI dh rovt* ijv ;fa- 
QdSga hxvQwg ^a&sla, xal at ngdoodoi, ;fa>,67rai 

4 nqbg rd ;fCtfp/oy. at dh nsXTaOral TiQodQa/LtdvzBg 
Czddia nh% ij b^ twv bTthtwv, dia^dvtsg zrjv x^'' 
qddQaVy dQ&vtsg ngd^axa noXXd xal clkXa /p^/^ara 
TiQoOi^aXkov TiQdg rd /cup/o^' CtjvdnovTo Sk xal 
doqvcpdQOi Tto^ol ol knl roJUxridBia i§(OQfii^/i€vor 
ib(ST iyhoirto ol dia^dvrsg elg didx^Xlovg dty&Qib^ 

6 Tiovg. enel de fiaxdfiBt^oi o'dx edvvavzo Xa^elv rd 
X(OQiov, xal yccQ rdq)Qog rp/ tibqI avrd BVQela dva- 
^B^Xr\fikvri xal axdXoTiBg knl rrig dva^oXfjg xal ti)(>- 
OBig nvxval §vXivai nenoirj/uvai, dnisvai^ di] inexel- 



LIB. V. CAP. 11. 151 

Qovv oi d^ imxeivTo avrolg, (bg d^ ovx edvvavxo 6 
anorc^exBiVy ^v ya^ iq)^ ivdg r} xard/^aaig ex rov 
XOOqIov elg rijv /aQadQav, nefinovai nQog SevocpwvTa' 
6 d^ iX&cDv keycL bxi bOtv /wqIov ;fp7;^ai:coy nokkdjv 7 
fjLBiSTov' TOVT* OVTB ka/Sslv dwd/LteO-a' la/VQbv ydq 
iOTiv ovT dnek&elv Qqdiov /Ltdxovrav yctQ ene^a^ 
Xrilv&oreg xal 17 acpodog x^lenri. dxovoag rav&^ 6 s 
S^o(p(bv nQOCayayvov n^dg rrjv /a^ddQav rovg /Ltev 
onUrag d-ioS-ai ixelevoe rd Hnla, avrog ds dia^dg 
avv Tolg loxctyolg ioxonelTO, 7i6tbqov eiri XQelxrov 
ojiayayelv xal rovg dia/Se^rjX&vag rj xal xovg onU- 
rag dia^i^dl^BLVy (bg alovrog av rov ^WQiov. bSoxbl 9 
ydq rb fih andyBiv ovx alvai avev noXXwv vbxq&v, 
bXbiv 3^ civ ^orro xal oi loxayol to ;fcop/oy, xal 
6 Aevoq)(bv OWBX(bQrjOB rolg leQolg nioreuoag' ol yaQ 
udvTBig dnodsSBiy/Lcevoi fioavy Ihi /Ltdxi] /Ltky BOraiy 
rd 3i rekog xaldv rfjg i^odov, xal rovg /iky loxa- 10 
yovg sne/LcyjB dia^i^&vrag rovg dnXirag, avrdg S^ 
BfiBVBv dvax(OQioag anavrag roifg nelraindgy xal 
ovdh^ Bia dxQo^olCQBO&av. bjibI rf' ^xov ol dnklrai, 11 
Bxilsvae rbr kdxov Bxaorov TioifjOai zdry koxaywVf 
(bg av xqdxayt oXtfcav dyfoviBioS^ar iiaav yaQ oi 
Xoxayol tiXtjOiov dXkrjlcov, oi ndvra rdv X9^^'^ ^^ 
hfikoig iQiQovTBg aydgayaS'iag dvTBTioiovvTo. xal oi 12 
/ih^ rai/t BTioiovv 6 dk rolg nB'kta(Sralg naCi na^'^ 
rjyyBile dii]yxvla)/LtBvovg leyai, &0&^ &n6rav Orj/M'^ 
vji dxovrlC,BvVy xal roi^g xo^&tag BTti^B^lfjaS-aL inl 
ralg vevQalg, wG&* dndrav Crj/Lt'^vii to^bvbiv, xal 
rovg yv/i^vffcag kiS'CDV bxbiv futsxag rag dicpS-BQag* 



152 LIB. V. CAP. II. 

xal TOVQ inirrideiovg sTts/ntfjc rovrwv ini/LulrjSrjvai. 

13 inel di navra naQeaxevactro xal ol Xoxccyol xal ol 
vnoXoxo^yoi Ttal ol d^iovrrsg rovrcov /Lti] x^^^'^S 
elvai navTBQ nQoreiay/Ltivoi '^oav, xal alXriXovg /Ltkv 
df] avvewQCOv' /u/i^voeidrjg ydtp dva rd x^Q^ov ^ xd- 

14 §ig i]v • inel <f ' biaidvioav xal ri adhny^ iq)S'e'/^aTO, 
6i/Lia T6 T(p ^EvvaXi(p riXili^av xal e&eov d^dfiw ol 
oTiXlrav, xal rd ^iXri S/lcov 6q)€Q6TOy Xdyx^h t^o^ev- 
juara, (iq)^d6vai, nXalaxoi rf' ex r&v ;f6f()d>y liS-oi, 

15 i]Cav d^ oi xal nvQ nQoa€q)€QOv. vnb dh rov Tth^" 
d-ovg T(bv ^eXcov hlmov ol tzoIs/llioi rd re (StavQib- 
fjLata xal rag xij^aeig' &(Jt ^Ayaaiag STV/LLq)dhog 
xal ^ilo^eyog ITelhp^evg xara&i/LUvoi rd HnXa iv 
XiTwvL /Ltdvov dvi^riaav, xal dXlog clXXov eiXxe, xal 
dXXog dve^B^rixeiy xal riX(bxei rd /co()/oy, (bg edoxsi, 

16 xal ol fiey TieXraoral xal ol tfJiXol elddQafiovrsg ^'p- 
naXiOV 8 rv exaarog kdvvaro' 6 dk S^o(p(bv ardg 
xaxd rag TvbXag onoCovg sd'dvaro xarex(bXvB rwv 
onXirtbv «Jw noXi/Ltioi yap dXXors xal alXor icpal-- 

17 vovr krC dxQOig ricflv taxvQolg. ov tioIXov de ;fpo- 
vov jLLsra^v yero/Lch^ov XQav/'/j r iyh^o evdov xal 
6q)6vyov ol /jL6v xal exovreg d ila^ov, rdxa de rig 
xal revQW/Ltevog' xal noXvg rp^ wd-uSfibg dficpl rd 
&vQ^Qa, xal iQwrwfievoi ol exjiinrovrsg sXeyov, 
Sri dxQa r iorlv h^dov xdxel noXifiioi noXXoiy oH 

18 naiovOiv sxdedQafirixdreg rovg eydov dv&Qibnovg. 
ivrav&^ dvemelv ix€)^6V(te ToXfildriv rov xriQVxa 
Uvai siao) rbv ^ovXo/Ltsvdv rv Xa/Lc^dveiv, xal ler- 
rai noXXol stao), xal vixwoi rovg kxnbnovrag Jfco- 



LIB. V. CAP. II. 153 

&0V/USV01 xal xaraxX^ovOt rovg noXs/Ltlovg n&hv 
alg TTjv clxQav. xal ra fiev e^oj rfjg clxQag navra 19 
diriQTia(Sav 7]3ri xal i^sxo/LtlOarto ol "EkXrjveg' ol d^ 
bnliTai, e&svTo ret Hn'ka, ol /Ltev tisqI ra aravQih^ 
fiaxay ol dk xara ttjv bdbv xrjv ml X7]v axqav y£- 
Qovoav. 6 3k Sevoq)(vv xal ol Xo^ayol iaxdnow, 20 
€i ol6v T etri rrjv clxQav Xa^elv* fp^ y^Q oiho) ao)- 
rriQia aOtpaXrig, aklwg da ndvv ;faA67rAy ^ anal- 
&€lv' axoTiov/Lcavoig d^ avxolg ado^a navranadiv dvd- 
Xarvov alvai to /^o)qIov. avravS-a naQaOxavdl^ovTo 21 
Tr]v aq)odoVy xal rovg /Lth (ftavQovg axaoroi rovg 
xa&* avrovg dtfiQOVVy xal rovg dxQalovg xal q)OQria 
a^ovrag a^anifiTtovro, xal r&v onhrAv rd nXfi&ogy 
xarahnovrag ot lo^ayol olg axadrog anl&ravav. anal 
S^ "^Q^avro dnoxo)QalVf ana^a&aov h^do&Bi^ nollol 22 
yaQQa xal koyx^S a^ovrag xal xvrjfjudag xal xqd- 
vTj Uacplayovixd, xal diloi am rag olxiag dva^ai- 
vov rag eyS-av xal avO-av rrjg alg rijv clxQav (pa- 
QovOrig dSov' war ovda dubxaiv dtUpakag fp^ xara 23 
rag miXag rdg alg rrjv axQav (paQovCag, xal yd^ 
^vla /Lcaydla hcaQQinrow SvioS-av, &(Sra xalanov 
rp^ xal fjihaiv xal dmavar xal i} vv^ q)o^aQd '^v 
kiLovoa. /Ltaxofiavcov 3a xal dnoQOVfiavwv S-awv 24 
rig avroXg /Ltr]xavriy aayirjQiag didcjOiv. a^anivrjg 
yaQ dvala/aifjav oixia rcbr av da^iq brov dij avd- 
xpavrog. &g d' avrrj avvanuiraVf aq)avyov ot dnd 
r(bv av da^i^ olxicbv. (bg d^ MfiaS-m^ S Savotpobv 25 
roijro rb nagd rrjg rvx^jg, ardnraiv axalava xal rag 
iv aQiOraQ^ olxiag, ai §vXivaL '^Oav, ciara xal raxi^ 



154 LIB. V. CAP. II. 

Bxdovro. e(pevyov ovv xal ol and rothmv r&v oi- 

26 xi(bv. ol da xara rd (Ttofjia di] m /advoi Hijtiovv 
xal Sfjlov ^v 8ti kiixsLcovTai h rfj ۤ6S(p re xal 
xara^aOBi. evrav&a naQayyiXlei eTaq)OQBlv §vka 
3ooi hvyx^'^^'^ *?^ ovreg zwv j^elwv etg zd jluOov 
iavTwv xal T(bv nole/Ltliov, end cJ' txava rjSri ^, 
hf[\pav' hrpttov dk xal zag naQ^ avzd zb /aQaxio/Lta 

27 oixiag, 3nmg ol noH/Ltwi d/Ltq)l zairt* ^oisy. ovzco 
fiolig anfikS-ov and zov j^cdqIov, nvQ h fiedcp €«f- 
zwv xal z(bv noXs/jiiiDv noirjod/Lceyoi. xal xazexav&ri 
nada ^ noUg xal al olxiat, xal at zvQaeig xal zd 
OzavQWjLcara xal zdXhx ndvza nXrpf zrjg clxQag. 

28 Tfj d^ vazBQaia dnfjoav ol "^'EkXrp^eg e^ovzeg 
zdniZTjdeLa. ensl dk zriv xazd^aoiv iq)o^ovvzo zijy 
eig TQanel^ovvza, nQavijg yaQ ^ xal azsvifif xpevde- 

29 vid^av enoii^Oavzo' xal dvijQ Mvadg xal zovvofjua 
zovzo «3f coy zCbv KQTjzofv la^wv dexa k'/ievev iv la-- 
Ol(p X^Q^V ^^^ nQoOenoielzo zovg noks/btiovg net- 
QdG&ai lavS-dvsiv at dk nskzai avzibv &Xkoz6 xal 

30 clXkoze dieq)alvovzo x^^^^ odoai. ol fjih ovv no^ 
Xifiioi zaOza diOQAvzeg iq)o^ovvto cog hedgav oi5- 
aav" ri dh azQazcd h zovzw xazi^aivey, krcel d* 
kdoxei rjdri ixavbv vnelrjlvS-h/ai, z(p Mvoqt iaTj/LLrp^e 
g)eiy€iv dvd xqdzog* xal Sg i^ava&tdg (pevyei xal 

31 ol ovv aifztp. xal ol fjih alXoi, dXlOxeoS-ai yd^ 
av sifaoav z(p d^d/Lup, exnecovzeg ex zfjg odov 
elg vhrp^ xazd zdg vdnag xaXivdo^/Lteroi iomS^Oav, 

32 6 Mvadg dk xazd zijv 6ddv q)6vya)v i^da ^orjO-siv 
xal i^oTi^rjOav avztb, xal dvela^or zetQW/usvov, 



LIB. V. CAP. II. III. 155 

xal avrol ml nod^ avexo^Qovv ^alXo/usvoi ol ^ot]^ 
S^aavTBQ xal avrmco^^ovris xiveg xwv KQrjft&v. 
ozJrwg dq)ixovTO knl to arQaTOTiedov navxsg Ocp 
dvTsg, 

III. ^Enel d^ oihe XsiQiooq)og rjxsv ovre nkoia 
txavcc Tjy oihe rdmr'^Seta f[y la/Lc/idveiv m, iddxsi 
amriov elvou. xal elg /isr rd nXola rovg r doS-evovv^ 
rag evs^i^adav xal rotg vtibq retraQdxovT etrj xal 
naldag xal ywalxag xal rcbv OxsvOJv 8aa firi dvdyxTj 
7]v MxBiv. xal ^ilriaiov xal Soq)aivetov xovg tiqb- 
O^irvdrovg x&v oxQarriycov elo^i^doavreg rovtayy 
ixskevov kni/LteXeToO-ai' ot d^ dXXoi inoQWovro' 17 rf' 
oddg (bdonoinfifihri ^. xal dq)ixvovvrai noQsv6/Lcevoi 2 
eig KeQaOovrra ZQizaioi ndXiv ^Ekhffyida ml d-akdz- 
Tfj Zivamiafv cbioixov ev rfi Koky^idi, x^Q^* ^otv^^ 8 
e/4Sivar rifjUQag dexa* xal i^haOig airy rolg ihtXoig 
^l/yvsto xal dQi&/LL6g, xal iyivovro dxxaxi^oxlXioi 
xal iiaxdOMi. ol d^ clUoi dncoXovzo vn6 re r&v 
nokBfjUwv xal x^^^Q ^^ ^^ '^^ vdctp. 

^EvravS-a xal diala/ji^dvovav rb dnd r&v atx/^a- 4 
hinayy dQyiJQior yerd/Lisvov. xal rriv dexArcrp^, tjv 
Tip jindUxom i^elkov xal rfj ^Eq>ealc^ ^AQTSfiidiy eka- 
Pov ot (TtQarrjyol xxd /i€Qog exaOrog q)vldrrei,v roig 
S-eolg' drtl dh X€iQia6q)ov Nicov 6 ^Aaivalog eka^e. 
Sfvoq)(!y¥ oiv rb fikv zov jindXXwvog dvdS^/Lta noitj^ 5 
od/uvog AyarlS^iOir elg rbv iv JBlq)olg r&v ^A&r^ 
vaUxyy d^CavQbv xal iniyQat/Je to &^ airtov ovo/jux 
xal rb Uqo^iyoVf 8g airy Kkadgx^ dni&ave' ^hog 
ydif "fpf avTov. rb dk rfjg l^Qri/iidog rrjg 'Ecpeoiag, 6 



156 LIB V. CAP. III. 

ifr' dnjieL Ovv l^yrjOiXda) ix zrjg l^olag rriv etg Boiai- 
rovg 6d6vy xaraXsinet naqd Msya/Siil^m to) rfjg L^p- 
xifiidog vewxoQO), 8tl avrog xivdirysvaiov iddxei 
tevaiy xal emoxeiXev, ify /Ltev avrog (fwSfj, airtip 
anodovvar 7]v Si ri ndSjj, ava&eivav noirjOd/Luvov 
rfj ^AQTBfjLidv 8 TV oioiTO x^aQLSlad'ai rfj &£(p, 

7 ^End d^ sg)€V'yay 6 S^oq)(x>Vy xaroixovvrog 
ijdri avTov iv 'Sxillovvri, dq)ixvBlTav MByd^vQog 
eig ^Okvfinlav S'SCOQ'^awv xal dnodldwOv riiv naQa- 
xaxaSirjxrp^ avxdb. S^oq)(bv dh Xa^wv ^^qiov 

8 (bvelrai rfj &€(p, Hnov dveHsv 6 S-eog. ervxs de 
diaQQBoyy did rov xO)Qiov Ttora/idg Zskivovg. xal 
h ^Eq)ia(p Sh na^d rbv rfig lAQre/Lcidog vewv 'SeXi- 
vovg Tiora/Lcdg naQaQQBly xal Ix^^^g r:^ «' dficpo^ 
rsQoig BVBiCv xal xoy/ar iv dh rip iv 2!xMovvri 
/cop/^ xal Si]Qai ndvrojv bnoCa iarlv dyQevd/neva 

9 xhjQia, iTioirjaB dh xal ^cD/^dv xal vabv and rov 
iBQOv d^yvQiov, xal rb Xombv d^ dBl dBxareiicov rd 
ix rov dyQOV (b^aia Snjaiav kjioUi rfj &€(p, xal 
TcdvxBg ot TiQdOxcDQOLf clvd^Bg xal ytfvalxBg, /jubtbIxov 
rfjg BOQrfjg, naQBi^B d^ ri S-Bbg rolg Oxrp^ovOiv oQl- 
q)iraf cl^rovg, oivov, rQayrifjiara, xal rcbv S^ofiB-- 
v(jt)v dnb rfjg iBQcig vo/Ltfjg Idxog, xal rd)v S^jQevo^ 

10 fiBvvDv di. xal ydQ &riQav inoiovvro Big rrp^ io^riiv 
oi rB ABvocpibvrog naXdBg xal ot rwv cilltov noh- 
rcbVf ot dh ^ovlo/LiByoi xal avdqBg ai/yBS^Q(ov* xal 
Tjllcfx^o rd fiBV B§ avrov rov tBQov /^(bQoVy rd dh 
xal ix rfjg ^olorjg, ovBg xal doQxddBg xal Bkag)ou 

11 BOTL d' Tj x^Qa fj ix AaxBdaifiovog Big ^ Olv/LLTtlav 



LIB. V. CAP. III. IV. 157 

noQsvovrai, (bg eixoOi aradioi anb rov h ' Olv/LCTilq 
Jiog teQOV. svi (^ iv rip IsQcp x^QV ^^^ Isv/u^cjv 
xal Hqt] dev^QCDv fisOrdy ixavcc avg xal aiyag xal 
^ovg TQiq)6iv xal Ynnovg^ &aTe xal xa x(bv dg rrp^ 
ioQxijv Idvrary vno^vyia evoJx^taS-ai. tisqI d^ avrbr 12 
rdv vahv clkaog ^^/LtiQCDv dhdqoiv eifvrev&rj, 6a^ earl 
tqcdxtA (bgala. 6 ds vabg &g fiiXQbg /LLsydlo) rip 
sv ^Eq)i(y(p fjxaCzai, xal rb ^davov eoiX€v (bg xvna- - 
Qimvov X9^^V ^'^^ '^V ^ ^Eq)ea(p, xal dxrikri 13 
^axrjxe naQA rbv vabv yqafifiax^ exovaa' IEP02 
XSiPOS TITS APTEMUOi:. TON EXON- 
TA KAI KAPnOYMENON THN MEN JE- 
KATHN KATA0YEIN EKASTOY ETOYS. 
EK AE TOY nEPITTOY TON NAON EHI- 

2:keyazein. ean ae tis mh noiHi 

TAYTA THI 0ES2I MEAHSEL 

IV. ^Ex KsQaaovvxog dh xaxd Q-oLkaxxav fxhv 
ixojLLiCovxo otnsQ xal nqoaS-eyy ot d^ SlXkoi xaxa yfjv 
kncoQedovxo. inel d^ '^oav enl xolg MoOOuvolxoyv 2 
dQloig, nifjiTiovOiv &g avxovg Ti/LcriaiS-eov xbv Tqa- 
n^o'dvxvoVy TiQd^evov 8vxa x(bv MoOOvvoixcov, Jpcw- 
xwvxeg n&teqov &g dih cpikiag ij 3ia Tiols/alag no^ 
Q€vOovxai xfjg ;fc6pag. ot d^ ehiov 8xl ov diriooiev' 
iniaxevov yag xolg ;fCop/ot5. erxsvO-sv liysv 6 Tir- 3 
firiOi&Bog, Hxi noXi/Mioi xovxoig eidlv ol ax xov htB- 
xeiva, xal iddxsi xdkiOav ixslvovg, si ^ovloivxo 
avfifiaxiav noiriOaa&ar xal 7iB[jup&Blg & TifjiriaiS-eog 
rixey aywv xovg ccQxovxag. knel d^ dq)ixovxOf cvv^ 4 
fjl&ov oi- xe xcbv Mooovvolxoiv clgxovxeg xal ol 



158 LIB. V. CAP. IV. 

CTQarrj'yoi ribv "^Ekli^vcov xai els^s Sevoq)(bVy rjQjui^- 

6 v€V€ dk Ti/LtTjOi&eog' ^£2 avdQsg Moaavvoixoi, rjfxelg 

^ovldfiB&a diaOwS^vai slg rijv '^Ei.'kada ne^fj' nlola 

yaQ ovx sxofi^' xwlvovoi d' ovroc rifjiag, ovg axov- 

6 o/LLSv vfilv Tioks/Liiovg elvai. el oiv ^(yijXeO&\ €?- 
bOtiv vfiXv rifidg Xa^elv av/LCfidxovg xal ti/icoq^ 
Oaa&ai, ei xi nort vfidg ovroi ridixrixaoiy xal to 

7 komov vfi(bv VTirjxdovg elvai rotirovg, el d^ rif^dg 
aq>ri(Sn:ey cxexpaoS'B noS-ev akhr\v av roOavrrp^ dv- 

8 vafiiv Xd^oixB avfjifucxov, n^bg rairt anexQivarto 
6 aqxixyv rwv Moaauvoixcov, ihi xal ^ovXoivto xav- 

9 ra xal dB^oivro Tr]v ov/Lc/Liaxiav. ^!Ay^B drj, B(prj 6 
S^oq)(bVf t/ iifjubv derjOeaS-B ;f(w/(Xa(^at, av av/M- 
fiaxpi vfi(bv yeyfbfiBS'a, xal Vfjulg rl olol r eaBOS-^ 

10 rifiiv Cvfinqd^ai tzbqI xfig diodov; ol d^ elnov Htl 
Ixavoi B(SfjL^ Big rijv x^Q^^ Bia^ak'kBiv ix rov kid 
&dTBQa xriv ribv vfuv tb xal rj/uiv noKefiUxiv, xal 
Sbvq^ vfuv nBjjApai vavg tb xal clrdQag, oiriveg v/uy 
avfifiaxovvTal tb xal xrp^ bdbv "^yrjOovTai, 

11 'JEzri TovTOig mordt dovTBg xal la^ovTBg cjxovto. 
xal fixov Tfi vOTBQalcjc ayovTBg TQvaxoOia nloia fio- 
vo^vla xal iv Bxdarcp TQBig avd^agy &v ol fihv dv 
BX^avTBg Big tA^iv bS'Bvto xd ihtka, 6 d^ Big Bvi/ievs. 

12 xal ol fiky Xa^dvTBg to. nkoia dnhclBvOav, ol dk 
/LCBvovxBg B^exd^avxo wdB. BOxrjCJav av exaxbv /Lcd- 
h(J$'^ olov x^9^^^ dvxiCxoixovvxBg dXlriloigy Bxovxsg 
yBQ^a ndvreg XBVXcbv ^oujv daaia, fixaCfjiha xixxov 
TierdXipy Bv ds xfj Sb^l^ naXxov wg B^nrjxVy B/LcnQo-- 
0\9bv fikv kdyxw '^X^'^f BvaQfiooS-Bv dh xd ^kov 



LIB. V. CAP. IV. 159 

aq)aiQ06id€G. x^%o)viaxovg (J' evededjjxsoav vmQ yo- n 
vdzwVf Tidxog wg Xivov OTQW/LLarodia/Liov, hii rfj 
X€q)aXfj de XQcivT] OKixivay oldnsQ ra ITaq)Xa'yovixd, 
XQCD^vlov sxovra xard fieaov, iyyvraza TiaQoeidfj' 
elxov dh xal OaydQeig aidriQdg. evrevS-sv iS^QX^ ^^ 
jLLsr avT&v elg, ol cJ' ailoi ndyreg enoQevovto ^dovrsg 
ir QV&/M(p, xal duk&dvTBg dia r&v rd^scov xal did 
r(bv StiXcov twv '^ EXkrjfyojv inoQevovro bvS^q ngbg 
Tovg nolsfjilovg ml jfwp/oy, S eddxev €m/Lcax(iytaTov 
elvai, (pxslro ds rovro n^b rfjg ndXewg rfjg MijrQo^ 15 
Tidkewg xcLlov/Lterrjg avrolg xal ixovorjg id dxQ&tarov 
x(bv MoOOvvoixwv, xal tibqI tovtov 6 ndke/uog rp^' 
ol yaQ del rovr exovreg eddxow iyxQazslg elvdi xal 
ndvToyy MocJOwoixcov, xal eq)aaav rovxovg ov ^£- 
xaicog exBiv rovro, dXld xoivbv 8v xaraka^dvrag 
Tileovexrelv, sinovro d^ avrolg xal r&v ^Ekhfivatv 16 
rivig, ov rax^'iyreg vnd rwv arQarrjyaiv, dXXd aQ~ 
nayrjg ^exev. ol dk tioH/lcwi TiQoCidvrwv rioog /llsv 
riavxaC>ov* enel d^ iyytg ayhovro rov ;f£0()/oi^, kx- 
dqafidweg rqenovrai avrovg, xal djiaxrtBivav OVX" 
vovg r&v ^aQ^d^wv xal r&v at/yava^dvrctrv ^El- 
krp^cDV rivdg, xal idi(oxov fiixQ'' ^ aldov roi)g 
"^'Eilrp^ag ^OTiS-ovvrag' sira S^ oJiorQanofisvoi tpxovro, 17 
xal djiorefidvrsg rag xeq)aldg r&v vexQ&v ineSsl^ 
TCvvOav rolg "EkltjaL xal rolg iavr&v noke/uloig, xal 
afJL ix^Qsvov v6fi(jj) rivl c^dovreg, ot d^ ""EXhrivBg 18 
fjidl^ rjxS'ovro, 3ri roijg ye noks/Ltlovg tienoirixecsav 
&QaavreQovg, xal bri ot e^eXS-ovxag ""'EJlrp^sg Ovv 
avrolg hiBcpevyeOav fid)^ ovreg avxvoi" S ovtko 71q6~ 



160 LIB. V. CAP. IV. 

19 od-ev kiBTioiriKBaav iv rfj OTQareicjc. ^evocpwv ds 
avyxaHaag rovg '^' Eklrivag bItibv ^'AvdQsg aTQaxi^wxaiy 
firidkp d&v/Liriar]&* erexa rcbv ysyerrj/iiercov' Yaxe yaQ 
8x1 xal dyaS'bv oif /aelov xov xaxov yeyartjxai, 

20 TiQWXov fjihv yaQ kniOraaS-^ dxi> ol /uilXovxeg tj/llIv 
riyelo&ai X(p ovxi noXifiLol bIclv oIotzsq xai rubudg 
avayxT]* eneixa de xal xcbv '^EXl'^vcov ot ajbLayioavxeg 
xrjg (Jvv Tj/LLtv xd^scog xal txavol "^yrjOd/isvoi elvai 
avv xoig ^aQ^dQOvg xavxa uQaxreiv cctisq ovv rifMv 
dlxTjv dedibxaaiv" ioax avS-ig fixxov xfjg "^/LcersQag 

21 xd^€(i)g dnoXslifJovxai. diX vfiag del naQaOxavd^ 
l^eaS-aiy Sncog xal xolg q)ikoig ovOi xtbv ^aQ^dgmv 
dd^ers XQBixxovg avxibv slvai xal xolg nole/nloig drj- 
la)Osx€f iki ovx ofioioig drd^doi fiaxovvxai vvv xe 
xal bxB xolg dxdxxoig i/udxovxo. 

22 Tavxrp^ /ur ovv xtjv rj/btsQav ovx(og €/LUivav" 
xfj d^ vOxBQaici SvOavxeg kiel kxa'kliBQriaavxo, dpt^ 
axTjaavxegy dQ&iovg xovg l6xovg noirjad/Lcevoi, xal 
xovg ^aQ^dqovg inl xb BV(bvvfiov xaxd xavxa xa- 
^d/LtevoL €7ioQ€Vovxo xoig xo^oxag fi^a^i) xcov hi^o^v 
e/ovxeg, vTioXemo/Ltivov de fiixQov xov axo/itaxog x&v 

23 onhztbv, rioav yd^ x(bv nols/uicov oX ev^covov xaxa- 
xQe^ovxeg xolg li&oig e^allov. xovx&vg dvsaxekkov 
ot xo^oxai 'xal neXxaOxai. ol d^ akXoi ^ddriv kno- 
QBVOVXO TiQcbxov juh hit xb x^9^^^y ^^^ ^^ ^Yl ^Q0~ 
XBQaici ol ^aQ^aQoi exQecpS^Oav xal ol Ovv avxolg' 

24 irxav&a yd^ ol Tioki/uioi ^Oav dwixexay/Ltevoi. xovg 
fihv ovv Tielxaoxdg ede^avS-^ ol /idQ^aQoi xal i/Lcd'- 
Xovxoy ijieidi] (J' iyyvg riOav ol onklxai, hqknovxo. 



LIB. V. CAP. IV. 161 

xal ol fihv Tielra&val sv&vg htlovto diwxorrsg av(o 
TiQog TTiv TioXtv, 01 S^ oTcklTai iv rd^ei sUnovro, 
insl S" avo) '^(Jav nqbg ralg xfjg MrjZQOTidXsajg oi- 25 
xlaigy evravB^^ oi nols/Liioi ofiov dt} navreg yevo/uevoi 
ijudxovTO xal i^xdvri^ov roig naXrolgy xal iifia 
doqara exoweg nay^m fiaxQa, Sa^ dvijQ &v q)€Q0i 
f^oXtg, TovToig biBiQ&vro dfivveoS-ai bx ;f«^()dg. kiel 26 
3^ ovx vq)lBvro ol '''Ekkrjft^eg, dXloL 6fi6a^ ixd)Qovv, 
eq)6V'yov ol ^aQ^aQoi xal svzev&ey anoleinovTeg rb 
XCDQiov. 6 dk ^aOikevg avribv 6 h xtb fjudoowi tw 
hi ohcQov (pxodo/LCTj/uivWy 8v TQicpovOi navreg xotvfj 
avTov jLievovra xal q)vXdTTov(Jiv del, ovx rfS-eXev 
B^ekS'slVy ovd^ 6 iv rat ttq&csqov alQsS-im ;fcw- 
Qi(p, d)X avrolv rolv /lloootjvoiv xar^avS^Oav. ol 27 
^' ^'Eklrivsg SiaQnaQovrBg rd x^^Q^ot rjVQiaxov 9^aav- 
Qovg h ralg olxiaig aQzaiv vevrj/aiviDv ni^voiv, &g 
eq)a(Sav ol Moaovvoixoi, rbv dk veov eri olrov oijv 
rf] xakd/Lifj ojioxsifi^ov rjoav 3k l^sial al nlsl&tai. 
xal dBlcpivwv rafjidxri iv d/LLq)OQev(Jiv riVQicfxero re- 28 
raQiX^v/Lciva xal OriaQ iv rBVx^(^i^Vy ^ ixQcbv&^ ol 
Moaavvoixoi xaS-dnB^ ol *"EkXrfVBg rw ilalw ' xdQva 29 
d^ ijil rcbv dv(byB(Dv tjv nolld rd nlaria, ovx Bxovra 
diaq>vrpf ovdBfiiav. rovnp xal TikBidrip oircp ixQiovro 
hpovtBg xal clprovg onribvrBg, olvog d^ rjVQicJXBro, 
og axQarog /aev o^g iq)alv^^ elvai vnb r^g avctrr]^ 
Q&tTjrogy XBQaaS-Big ' d^ Bixbdrig rB xal rj^vg. 

01 fjikv dij "^'Ekki^vBg dQiarrjaavrBg ivravS-^ ino^ so 
QBVovro Big rb TtQoOct), na^adovrBg rb x^Q^^^ ^^^^ 
av/Lc/LtaxV^^^'' "^^^ Mooawoixcov. onooa 3h xal 

XenophoDtis Anabasis. 11 



162 LIB. V. CAP. IV. V. 

ciila nuQfjaav /cwp/a reov avv rolg noks/Lcloig orrcoVf 
ra evTiQoOodihraxa ol /Lcev akeuiov, ol <f' hcdwsg 
7tQoa€xd>Qovv, ra dh nlsi&ta roiads ^ xcbv ;fa>- 

31 ^i(ov. dnelxov ai ndleig arC aU.rihDV CradC oy(5biJ- 
Kovra, at dk nHov at dk /luIov* dvafioibmov de 
dlkrilafv axjvrpcovov elg ttjv hsQav ht Trig ^^QO^S 

32 Tiokewg' ovTcog vtprjXi^ re xal tcoiXtj t] x^Q^ W' 
kmai dh TiOQevo/uevov ev rolg q>lXoig fiCav, ktedei- 
xvvoav avTolg naldag r&v evdaifjidvwv aiTBxrcovg 
xaQVoig Bq>S'olg, anakovg xal keuxovg aq)6dQa xal 
ov nokXov deovTag toovg t6 /Lcrjxog xal rd nka- 
Tog elvai, noixllovg dh rdt, v&ra xal xa sfjinQoaD-ey 

34 Tcavt BtSTiy f>ihovg avS-ifiia. kevxol dh navrsg ol 
clvd^eg xal al y'tjvalxeg. xovrovg ekayov ol (tZQarev- 
odueyoi ^aQ^aQwrdrovg diekS-elv xal nlelorov rtbv 
"^ EXXrjvixAv vd/LLWv xexiJDQiO/LLeyovg. sv re yaQ oxJ^(p 
ovreg inolouv ojibq av avd-Qwnoi h iQr]fii(f noirj- 
aeiav, /Ltdvoi re ovreg S/Ltoia ejiQazrov aneQ av /usr^ 
akkijov (ivregy duXeyovTo &" iairvolg xal iyikiov iq)* 
iavrolg xal Aqx^vvt ig)L(fTd/LC€vov bnov rvxoieVf wa- 
7i€Q cikkoig knidsiXvv/Ltsvoi, 

V. Jid TavTTjg Tfjg x^Q^S ol '^'Eilriveg, did re 
rrjg Ttols/aiag xal X'^g q)iUagy iTiOQSv&rjOav oxrcj 
(UaS-jLiovg, xal dcpixvovvrai elg Xdlv^ag. ovroi oil- 
yoi T Tpav xal vnrixooi ribv Mooavvotxvov, xal 6 
^iog i]v Toig TikeiOToig avTwv dnb aidrjQsiag. 
2 ^Errev&ay dq)ixvovvTai elg Ti^aQtjvovg. ^ dh 

ra)v Ti^aQTivcbv ;fc6pa nokv riv nediv(x>TeQa xal ;fco- 
Qla elxBV enl S-akdrrrj tjttov eQVfivd. xal ol axQa- 



LIB. V. CAP. V. 163 

Ttj'yol sxQTjCor TiQdg xa ;fa>p/« nQoo^aileiv xal rriv 
OTQariav dvfiS-rjval ri, Stal ra ^evi a fize na^a Ti- 
fiaQTp^&y ovx edexovTo, alX kiifjmvav xekevaavreg, 
etTCB liovl€vaaivT\ eSijovro, xal nokka xaraSnjOdv- 3 
Tcoi^ rikog a7i€d€i§av&* ol fiavreig Ttavtag yvw/Ltrjv, 
bri ovdafifj nQOOioivro ol S-eol zbv TioXsfiov. h~ 
reuS-ev drj ra §evia edi^avro, xal wg dice q)iXiag 
7ioQ6v6/LC€Voi dij^ "^/LtiQag aq)ixovr eig KorvcoQa ndhv 
""Ekhjvlda, Zivamicov anoixoVf ovOav d^ er rfj Tt/Sa- 

^EvTav&' 6/Luivav rj/ueQag z^raQaxovra nevra. 6 
ky dh ravraig tiqwtov fikv rolg d-eolg eO-vOav, xal 
nofjinag inoiriaav xax e&vog sxacfroi xal ayCbvag 
yv/LLVixovg. ra d^ imn^deia iXd/Lc^avov ra juhv ix 6 
TTJg IIaq)XaYoviagy ra d^ ix rwv /^idqicdv twv K(ytv- 
(OQiftwv ov yaQ naQsl/^ov ayoQavy ovd^ elg xd xel- 
j^og rovg acS^evovvtag edsxovro. 

^Ev Tovrcp aQx^ovrai ex 'Sivtbnrig nQ^o^eig, 7 

g)O^OV/M€VOl TIBQL T(bv KoTVWQlTibV Tfjg TB TldlBCOg, 

Tjv yaQ ixBivcDv xal cpoQov exaivoig ecpBQOVy xal 
rfjg /cwpag, Stl ijxovov drjov/uBvrjv, xal bX&ovtbq 
Big TO (STQaxoTiBdov alByov" TiQotjydQBi d^ "^Exaxib- 
vvfiog dBLvbg vo/Lci^6fiBvog Blvai leyBiv ^^EnB/Lttpav s 



4 MexQi h'xavd'a ineC^evaev fj arqaTid, TtXfjd^og xfjg 
xaxafidasiog xffi odov dfcd xfjg iv BafivXwvi ^XV^ ^XQ^ 
Big KovvcDQa oxad^^iol iytardv eiy.oac dvo, naqaadyyai k^a- 
%6Gioi yuxt flxoat, aTadiOi (.ivqiol xai dxTaxto'x/^tot' y^ccl 
i^a^aioij XQ^^^^ TtXfj&og S^tcd ^fjveg. 



164 LIB. V. CAP. V. 

rifidg, & avd^es (fTQancoTai, r} zibv ^^ivconicov no-- 
Xig inaivioovrag v/udg, ihi vixdrs '^'EkXrjveg ovreg 
^aQ^aQovg, meiza dk xal awrjOS-rjcfo/Mevovg, otl dia 
nollwr re xal deivibv, (bg rj/ulg '^xoiJCSa/Luv, TiQay- 
9 /KXTwr Osowjuevoi ndQears. d^iov/usr d^ '^'Ef.kijyeg 
ovreg xal avcol vcp VfiGiv ovtcjv "^Ekkrivary ayaS-bv 
fiev Ti naOxBiv, xaxdv de /lctjSsv" ovds yap rj/Lulg^ 
vjj,ag ovdhv TKonoS-' vnriQ^a/Ltev xaxwg noioUvreg, 

10 KoTVCOQirai (J* oirvoi elol fiev rifiheQOi clnoixoi, xal 
rr[v ;faipay rifialg avroig ravrrp^ naQadeddjxafjLSv 
^aQ^AQovg aq)Bl6fiepoi. dC 8 xal daOfjibv tj/llIv (pi- 
QovOiv ovrol re retay/uh^ov xal KsQaCovvrioi xal 
TQajie'Covmoi' waS'' o ri civ rovrovg xaxdv tiolti- 

11 OijtBy ri 2^iva}7iea)V nohg vofiit^ei ndcsxeiv. vvv d^ 
dxovoiLLev Vfjidg eig re rrjv nohv ^Iq jiaQeXtjlvS-orag 
iviovg oxrp^ovv h ralg oixiaig xal ex rcbv ;fa>()/a>y 

12 ^Iq Xafi^dvBLv d>v av derioS-e, ov nei&ovrag. rai/t 
oiv dna^iovfiev el de rai/t a 7ioLi^(Jer\ dvdyxri 17- 
jjZv xal KoQiiXav xal Uacplayovag xal otilov Hvriv 
av dvvdb/MB&a q)ilov noieloS-ai. 

13 UQog ravr dva&tdg S^ocpibv vtibq r&v (Trpa- 
riwrAv einev "^H^eig Si, & avd^eg ZivcDnfjg, ijxo- 
jLtev dyanibvreg bri rd aib/aara dudmadfAeS-a xal 
rd oTila* ov yaQ rjv dvvarov afxa re xqr\fjLar dyeiv 

14 xal rolg nol^fiioig fidy^edS^ai, xal vvv enel etg rag 
"^Ekhrp^idag noXeig rjlS-o/ueVf h TQane^ovvri /^«^, 
TiaQslxov ydq rffilv dyoqdvy (bvov/LtevoL ei/^ofjiev rdni--^ 
rrjdeia, xal dv&* (bv erifirjcyav rifidg xal ^evi edco- 
xav rfj OrQaridf dvrerifi(b/.ier avrovg, xal ei rig: 



LIB. V. CAP. V. 165 

avTolg q)lloQ ijv r(bv ^aQ^aQOiVy tovtcdv &7iBix6^ 
fied-a' TovQ ds Tiole/Lilovg avrcbv, iq)^ ovg airtol 
TiyoLvrOy xaxajg inoLOV/uey ooov iSwd/Lcsd-a. iQcordre 15 
d^ avTovg SnoicDv rivibv rifji&v etvxov tiAqbiOi yccQ 
iv&dd' ovg Tjfjuv rj'ysiLidvag Side q)ikiav rj nohg Ovvi" 
TtBfiyjBV. Snot S^ otv eX&dvreg ayoQctv /lltj 6X(o/Lt€v, 16 
civ X eig ^Aq^aQOV yfjv civ r eig ^EkXrp^lday ovx 
v^Q€i dkka dvayxfj Xa/Lc/Sdvo/Lcsv rdnir'^dsia. xat 17 
KaQdovxovg xal Taoxovg xaineQ ^aOilscog ovx '^V" 
xdovg ovrag HfAAog xal /udka q}oPeQoi)g Hvrag nois- 
[liovg exTrjOd/Lced-a did rb dvdyxTjv elvai ka/Lc^dvsiv 
rdmr'^dsia, heel dyoQdv ov naQslxov, MdxQWvag I8 
ds xalnsQ ^aQJSdQOvg drzag, kisl dyogdv oYav idii- 
vavTo naQslxov, q>ikovg t' eyo/Lii^ofiey xal ^la ovdev 
sla/Li/Sdvo/Liey r&v hcsivcov, KorvwQlrag d\ ovg 19 
v/usT€Qovg q>aTe slvai, aX ri avx&v BiXrjq>afievy a^- 
rol aiTiol eioiv* ov yaQ d)g q)lkoi nQ00sq)BQ0VT0 'fj- 
filVy dlXd xkfjOavreg rag nvkag oi/c eiow edixovro 
oi/t €^(o dyoQav ensfinov* firi&vTo dh rdv naQ^ 
Vficbv aQfjiOiSTrfp roihcuv aixiov slvai, 8 dh Xiysig 20 
/3/qc TiaQsk&dvrag axrp^ovvy rifielg ri^iovfi^ rotg xd- 
fjLvovrag etg rag areyag de^aad-ar kiel d^ ovx dvi-- 
(pyov rdg nvhxg, fj rjfiag edex^o avrd rd x^Q^ov 
ravrji dask&dvreg dlko /akv ovdev ^laiov ercoiri- 
oafi^y OxrivovOi d^ iv ralg Oriyaig ol xdfivovrsg 
rd airt&v danavibvrBgy xal rdg Tiijkag q)QovQovjLi€v, 
Snwg /LCTj €711 rip v/Liet€Qq> aQfioCrfi (hoiv ol xd/avov- 
reg rifiibvy diX ecf" rj/Liiv ij xo/uiaaaS-ai 8rav /3ovkd)- 
fied-a. ot d' dkloi, (bg dQdre, Oxrivov/Lcev VTial&Qioi 21 



166 LIB. V. CAP. V. VI. 

iv rfj T&^Biy TiaQsaxevaOjLtiroif av fikv rig ev noifi, 

22 art €V noielVy av de xaxibgy dle^aoS-ai. a d^ rinei- 
XriaaQy wg rfy Vfiiv doxfi KoQvlav xal naq)ka'y6vag 
av/ujudxovg noirjaead-^ iq>^ rifidgy r]fielg dh ify /luv 
dvaj^XTj fi no'KBfiiiaofju^ xal djLtq)OT€Qoig' Tjdri yaQ 
xal ahloig noXXaTikaaloig rjfi(bv bio)jBfi7](Sa(iBV' av 
dh doxfj fifilv xal q)ikov TioieloS-ai xhv Tlacpkayova 

23 — dxovofiev d^ avTov xal hu&vfislv trig Vfi^eQag 
7i6Xea}g xal x^Q^^^ ^^^ kju&aXaTriayv — neiQaao-- 
fiB&a av/i7iQdirtovT€g airtip &v bii&Vfjul q)ikoi yi- 
yvsaS-ac. 

24 ^Ex Tovrov fidla fihv dfjloi ijOav ol Ov/lltiqs- 
o^sig Tip ^ExarwvvfKp /a^^aTra/i^orr^g rolg st^rj/iivoigy 
TiaQskS-arv ^ avrwv ciXXog elnsv, 8ti ov ndkefiov 
TioiTjaofuvoi 7]XoieVy dAA' ijiidei^ovzeg 8ti q>lXoi sioL 
xal ^evioig, ijv /4£v BkSijte n^dg ri/v Sivamiwv no- 
Xiv, sxel dB^dfieS-ay vvv dh rovg hS-dde XBletJOo/LLev 
diddvai & d&yavrar dQibfiev j^ap ndvr^ dXtjO^ Svra 

25 fi liyeve. ix roihov ^ivid r' ^Jtsfinov ol Kotvco- 
Qirai xal oi Orqarcriyol x&v ^JEU^aw i^h^ov rovg 
r&v 'Zivayneatv nQeo/ieigy xal TiQog dlkriXovg noh- 
kd re xal ipiXixd diekiyovro rd r aXXa xal tuqI 
rfig ).omfjg noQsiag dvenvvB-dvovro &v ixdreQOi 
edeovro, 

VI. Taiirji fihv rfj rifjii^c^ rovro rd rdXog iyi- 
rcTO. T^ 3^ vcfrsQaiif Ovvile^av ol drQarrjyol rovg 
ar^ariibrag. xal edoxsi avrolg tisqI rfig Xoinfig no- 
Qeiag naQaxaUoavrag roijg SivcDneag ^ovXsvsoS-ai. 
she yaQ neXfi deoi noQSveod-ai, ;fp?y(rt^oe av iSoxovv 



LIB. V. CAP. VI. 167 

elvai ol 2!iv(07tfjg' BfinsiQOi y^Q V^(^^ T^^g Tlacpla- 
yoviag' she xara ^alarxavy nqoodelv idoxsi ^ivw- 
niwv fidvoi yaQ av idoxovv Ixavol elvai n'kola 
TiaQaOxslv (XQKovvra rfj OTQaTia. xaleoaweg pvv 2 
Tovg 7iQ€(J^€ig CWB^ov'kevovTOy xal rj^lovv "^'EiJkrivag 
ovtag ^EkXTjOi zovr(p n^tbrov xalwg ike/x^^^^^^ '^V 
eiivovg r slvai xal ra xaXhora xal aQiOra ovfi- 
^ovXevBiv. 

lAvaOzag d^ "^ExaTtbvvfiog tiqojtov /usv dnslo- 3 
yi^Oaro neql ov einsv, (bg rov ITaq)la'y6va q)llov 
TtoirjOoivro, ori ovx c&g rolg "^'EkkrjOi noksfirjOovrwv 
Og)(dv 617X01, akX" Hxi i^dv rolg ^aQ^aQoig cpilovg 
elvai Ttrbg '''Ekkrp^ag al^riaovrai. enel de Ovfi^ov- 
ke'dsiv ix4Xsvov, insv^d/Lcevog ehiey Sde' El fiev 4 
avfiPovX^ovfjii fi ^ekriord /lcoi doxely nokld fioi 
xdyaS-d y^oixo* el dh fji7\j rdvavxia. a\hr\ ydq r\ 
Uqd avfA^^ovhri keyo/Lievrj Soxel /lcoi naQslvar vvv 
/&Q dtj &v jLiky €v aviLc^ovkevdag q>av&y noiXol 
edovrai ol inaivovvTsg fie, av di xaxtbg, noXlol 
UobO^^ ol xaxaQW/Lcevoi. TiQdyfiaxa fih^ ovv old^ Sri 5 
noki) TikBlm a^ofisv, idv xaxd S-dkazrav xofiiQriO&B' 
rifi&g yccQ dei^Osi xd nkola noQi^siv ijv dh xaxd yfjv 
axiXXTjoS-e, v/iag deriasi xovg /laxo/icivovg elvai. 8/ua)g 
dh Xsxzia ct 'yi'yvwaxo)' Mfinei^og y^Q *^/^* ^«* '^VS 6 
X^J^QOcg xrjg IIa(pXay6vo)v xal xfig dvvd/u€(og. hx^i 
ydQ d/Lcq)6xBQa, xal nedla xdXXi(Jxa xal oqi] vtlrrj- 
X&taxa. xal tiqcjxov /Lchv old^ svd-vg fi xijv eto^O" 1 
Mfy dvdyxri noiela&ar ov yaQ bOxlv dilji fi fi xd 
xigara xov oQovg xfjg odov xad-^ ixdxsQd iaxiv 



168 LIB. V. CAP. VI. 

vyrrjld, ct XQarslv xarixovreg yMi navv oUyoL dv- 
vaivx av xovnov dh xarexo/LtivcDV ovd^ av ol Ttchrieg 
clvd-QConoi dvvana av dielO-slv. ravra de Ttal del- 

8 ^aifii civ, ei fioi ziva ^ovleoS-e ovfinifiyjai. ejieira 
(J' oMa xal Ttsdia ovra xal tnneiav, 7]v avrol ol 
^d^/iaQoi vo/ui^ovai TCQsirrw elvaL ndorig rfjg ^aOi- 
kicog innelag. xal vvv o{noi ov naQeyhovro ^a- 
ailel xaXovvxiy aXkd fjuetC^ov cpQovsi 6 aq'/iov avrwv. 

9 bI dh xal dwriS-BiTB rd r oqt] xXeipai i] q>9'daai 
Xa^ovTBg xal h rtp nedico XQarfjOai /ifaxo/Lcevoi roijg 
&* Inneag rovrcov xal n^(bv fivQiddag nisov ij Sd}- 
dexa, rj^ev inl rovg TKrva/uovgy TtQ&xov /lcsv rbv 
0BQfi(bdovray svQog tqi&v Tikid-QcoVy 6V /aA^Trdy o?- 
/LtaL dia^aivBiv okXiDg ra xal nokB/Lclcuv B/LcngooS-Bv 

bvT(DVy TIoXb/uIcDV d^ OTtlOS-BV BTlO/LcivCDV' deVTBQOV d^ 
^IqIV, TQlTlXBd-QOV WOaVTiOg' TQITOV (f* "^^Akw, OV 

fiBlov dvolv aradloiv, ov ovx av dtivaiod-^ cIvbv 
nXoiorv dia/irjvar nlola 3b rig BOxav 6 naqi^wv; 
(bg d* a{jT(og xal 6 UaQS-hiog cl^arog* iq/ 8v b%- 

10 S-OLT clVf bI t6v "^'AXvv dia^aiijtB. Byo) /ibv ovv ov 
XalBTirjv v/LcIv Bivai vo/LciCw rr[v TiOQBiav, dXk& nav-- 
rdnaOiv ddvvarov. av Sb 7ilBr]TBf Bdriv BvS-ivSs 
fuv Big 2Jiv(I)7i7p^ naQanXevOaiy ix Sivcbnrig (J* stg 
"^HQaxXBiav" i^ '^HqaxXBiag d^ oUtb TiBl^fj ovrs xarcc 
S-dlarrav dnoQia' nolld ydQ xal nXola bOtIv bp 
""HQaxkBicjc, 

11 ^EtibI dh ravT^ bKb^bv, ol fikv vncbmBVov (pi-^ 
Hag Bvsxa rfig KoQvXa keyBLV xal yccQ ^v TiQd^Bvog 
avrq}' ol dh xal (bg dtbga Xrixpd/LCBVov did rrp^ Ovfi^ 



LIB V CAP. VI. 169 

^ovXrjv TavTr]v' ol d' vnibmevov xal tovtov erexa 
HyeiVy (hg /urj TteQfi lovrsg rrp^ 2^iv(D7ieo)v ri /^dygav 
xaxdr BQYaQoivro. ol d^ ovv ^^'EHrp^eg iiprjcpiaavro 
xara S-dkaxzav rijv TioQsiav TioieloS-ai. [xeta ravra 12 
Zevoq)(bv elnev 'il ^iivwTirjg, ot /lcsv avd^eg fJQTjv- 
zai 7]v vfielg Ov/bi^ovk€V€T€ JioQsiav oiIto) d^ ex^i' 
el jLcev nXola eCBOd-ai jmeXXai Ixava, war* aqiS-fiib ava 
juTj xarakeiTieoS-ai ivS-dSe, "^/asTg otv niJoijuev' si Ss 
jLiikkofiev ol fjihv KaxaXeixpeod'ai ol da nXavCaO&ai, 
ovx av ajLt/iairj/Liav alg rd nXola. 'yiyvdjOxo/Ltav yd^ 13 
briy oTiov /Lcav dv XQarw/uaVy dwai/Ltad-^ dv xal 0(b- 
l^aoS-ai xal rdmrridaia axaiv ai da nov rftrovg rwv 
Ttola/Lcicor 'kricp&riodfiaB'a, avdrjlov dtj Sri av dydqa-- 
7i6da)v /c6p« aod/uaS-a. dxovCavrag ravS-^ ol Stvco- 
Tifjg axalavov nafinaiv TtQaO^aig. xal Tta/uTiovOi Kal- 14 
Ufjuaxov l^Qxdda xal l4Qiora)va l^&rjvalov xal Sa- 
jLioXav ^Axaiov. xal ol fiav wxovro. 

^Ev da Tovrip r(b XQ^^V A^oq>(bvTiy Sq&vti 15 
/Lcav onUxag nokkovg ribv ""Eklrp^oyVy oQihvri da xal 
TiakraOTag xal rd^&tag xal 0(pavdovr[tag xal bimag 
dh xal fidi^ rjdri did rriv XQi^rp/ Ixavoijg, Svrag 
d^ av Tw Tlovrcpy avB-^ ,ovx dv an dliycDV XQV^ 
fidriov rooavrri dvvafiig naQaOxevdo&r], xalov avrw 
iddxai alvai xal x^Q^^ ^^^ dvvajuiv tfi '^EiJkddi 
nQoaxT'^daoO-ai ndXiv xazoixloavrag. xal yeviaS-ai I6 
av addxai fiaydkriy xaraXoyil^o/uavw to t avrwv 
Tikfj&og xal rovg naQLoixovvxag rdv Uovrov, xal 
enl rovroig a&veto, tiqlv tivl alnalv r(bv OTQarKoribv, 
Sikavov TtaQaxakaOag rdv Kvqov [lavriv yavo/Lvavov 



168 LIB. y. CAP. VI. 

tnfnjXd, a XQarelv xarixovteg xai ndvv okiyoi dih- 
V€uvT dV* xovTiov ds xareyofjieyojv ovd^ av ol Ttdvreg 
ard-QCimoi dvraiw^ av die},S^eiy. raiha dk xai Sei- 

8 ^ai/Lci civ, €1 /Lioi Tiva ^ovkeoSs av/inifiyjai. ejuira 
d' olda xal Ttedia ovra xal Ijuteiav, ijv avrol ol 
^ccQ^aQoi vofiCQovOi XQeirrw elvai n&arig r^g ^aOi- 
Xio}g Inneiag. xal vvv ovroi ov noQ&yhovro ^a- 
aO^i xaloiJvTiy aUA fieiQov cpQovsl 6 a^x^v avrwv, 

9 el dk xal duvri&eiTB ra r oqtj xkhpai ij q>9'aaai 
Xa^ovteg xal sv Tcp nediw XQarfjOai /Luxxo/LLeyoi rovg 
S-^ iTiTiiag Tovrayy xal TV^ibv fivQiadag nXeov ij dd}- 
dexa, rj^ev snl rovg nora/Ltovg, tiqojtov /ikv rov 
06Q/u(bdovra, svQog tqiwv TileS'QWVy ov /a>.£nr6y o?- 
/Ltai dia^aivBiv aXkwg t€ xal noXe/bUajv s/LcnQood-ev 
ovTOJVy noXs/uiojv d^ onioS-ev ino/ievwv' devrsQov d^ 
^iQiv, rQiTikad-Qov wOavrwg' XQirov d* "^'AXw, ov 
fislov dvolv aradioiVy ov ovx av &dvaLO&* avev 
nkoiiov dia^rjvar nloia ds Tig s&iai 6 7iaQe§a}v; 
(bg d* aiiTO}g xal 6 HaQS-eviog a/Sarog* eq>^ 8v kTr- 

10 S-oiT civ, 61 t6v "^'AXxjv dia^airftB, eyd} /uhv ovv ov 
Xa).€7ir]v vfuv elvai vo/Ltt^o} rrp/ noQslav, dXkd nav- 
rdjiaOtv ddvvazov. av dh TilirjTe, €(Ttiv ivS-evde 
fihv elg Sivibmjv naQajiXevOai, ix 2ivd)7irjg (J* slg 
^^HQaxXeiav* i^ '^HQaxXsiag d^ oihe TieXfi ^^"^^ xcctd 
S-dlaxTav dnoQia* noXXd ydp xal Tckola i(Ulv kv 
^HQaxXeicc. 

11 ^Ejiel dk xavT* kls^sv, ot fiiv vncomevov (pi" 
Xiag evsxa rfjg KoQvXa Xiyeiv xal yaQ rpf n^d^evog 
avTW' 01 de xal (bg dtb^a Xrjyjdfievov did rrp^ av/Ur- 



LIB Y CAP. VI. 169 

^ovWiv ravrrjv' ol d^ vnwnrevov xal rovrov evexa 
leyeiv, (bg firj TteQf] lovxeg rrp^ 2^ivw7ii(ov ri /^(bqav 
xaxdr i^ydl^oiwo. ol d^ ovv ^^'Ellrp^eg itptjipiaavro 
Kara S-dlarrav zr]v noQBiav noisloS-ai. [xetd ravra 12 
Zevo(p(bv slnev' 'S2, ^ivvjTifigy ol /lcsv avd^eg fJQ^v- 
zai 7]v vfielg av/u/Sovkev^s jioQslav oiho) d' exer 
el jLckv nXola sOsoS-ai fie}Jkai Ixava, &(St dqid-fivb sva 
jLcrj xaralsinsaS-aL ev&dds, rj/bislg otv nksot/Ltev' el Sh 
jLtelko/LLev ol fjiev xaraXeixfjead'aL ol de TikeTjOeoS-ai, 
ovx av e/Li/iairjfiev elg to, nXola. ytyvdboxojuev yccQ 13 
on, 0710V fjiev otv XQaxibfiev, dvvaified-^ av xal ad}- 
l^eoS-ai xal rdmrrideia e^eiv el de nov rjtrovg rwv 
Tioke/Lciwv "kticp&rioofie&ay evdrjlov dij Sri ev avd^a-- 
Ttodwv /c6pa iao/bie&a. dxovCavreg ravd-^ ol Stvco- 
Ttfjg ixelevor neuneiv TiQeO/Seig* xal ne/LcnovOi Kal- 14 
Ufiaxov l^Qxdda xal ^AQiorvova ^AS^valov xal Sa- 
jLiokav L^fpftttoV. xal ol /llbv ^;foi^ro. 

^Er de Tovrq> T(p /poi^w Zevocpibvrif SqAvti 15 
fikv onkirag noXkovg ribv "^EkXrivojVy bq&nrti de xal 
nelxaOxag xal rd^&tag xal ccpevdovrjftag xal Inmag 
de xal /Ltdl' rjdri did rriv TQi/Sriy Ixavovg, ovtag 
d^ ev r(p ITovrcp, evd-^ .ovx av dn ollywv XQV^ 
ju^drarv roOavrri dvva/Lcig jiaQeoxevdo&r], xalov avrw 
iddxei elvai xal x^9^^ ^^^ dvvafiiv Tfj ""EUddi 
TtQo^xrriaaaB'ai ndhv xaroixioavrag. xal yevia&ai I6 
av eddxei /leydkrj, xaraXoyil^o/uiva) to t avTWv 
TikijS'og xal rovg neQioixovvrag rbv Uovrov, xal 
enl Toirtoig eSvero, jiqiv tlvl elnelv rcbv azQarKJoribv, 
Si^vov naQaxakeOag rdv Kvqov jLcdvriv yevofievov 



170 LIB. V. CAP. VI. 

17 t6v l4/Li7iQaxidnrp^. 6 dk Sikavog dediwg /Liri ^i- 
vrjfcai rax/ta xal xara/Lceivfi nov tj OrqaxvAy €xg)iQ6i 
elg rd OTQdrsvfia kdyov, on Z^oq)(bv ^ovketai xara- 
fielvai rrp^ oxQariav xal nohv olxioai xal iaincp 

18 ovofia xal dyvafiiv n^qmoir\(Sa(SS^ai. avrog 3^ 6 
^ilavbg i/iovleS-^ Uri rdx^^OT elg xrp^ "^EkXad^ dq)i- 
xeoS-ar ovg yaQ naQa Kvqov eXa^a TQiOxMovg (?«- 
Qstxo'dg, 8x6 rdg dexa fifisQag j^kriS-BVOe Snjo/uevog 

19 KvQCOy di€deod)X6i. xibv da OTQariarcibv, enal rjxov^ 
aav, ToXg /lav addxai ^aXxiov alvat xaxafialvai, xolg 
da nolXoXg oi). 

Ti/uaalcDv d^ 6 JaQdavavg xal 0d)Qa§ 6 Boidh- 
xiog nqbg afinoQovg Xivdg naQovxag x(bv ^HQaxkao}- 
xajv xal 2iv(oma)v ki'/ovOiv, 8xt at /urj axjtoQiovai 
xfj (JXQaxi^ jLCLOS-dv &(Tt axaiv xojuxridaia axTiXaov- 
xag, 8x1 xirdvvavOai fulvai xoaavxrj dvvafiig av X(b 
Tlovxip' /Sovlaxai yaQ Savoq)(bv xal rjfidg naQa- 
xakal, kjiaiddv akSjj xd Tikola, x6x alnalv algaicpv7\g 

20 xfi oxQaxia' ''AvdQag, vvv /Lckv OQW/Lcav rifiag and- 
Qovg ovxag xal av x(p dndTiXip ^^^iv xdjictrjdaia xal 
oYxad^ dnaXS-ovxag ovfjoai xi xovg oixor at da ^ov- 
XaoS-^ a^aoxiv xfjg xvxk(p x^Q^S ^^qI xov Uovxov oi- 
xov/Ltavi]g axla^a/btavoig onoiav av ^ovXtjOS-a xaxaoxaiv, 
xal xov jLtav ad-ikovx^ dniavai OLxada, xov d^ aS-aXovxa 
/aavaLv avxov, nlola d^ Vfilv ndQa&viv, wod-^ 871tj av 

21 ^ovlrjoS-^ a^aicpvrig av himaaoixa, dxotioavxag xavS^ 
ot a/LCTioQoi djiriy/akkov xalg nokaoi' avvanafitpa d^ 
avxolg Ti/aaoicov 6 Jaqdav^g EvQiJfiaxov xa xov 
Jaqdavaa xal 0(I)Qaxa xov Boidtxiov xai/t iQovV" 



LIB. V. CAP. VI. 171 

rag, 2!iv(07irjg dh xal "^HQaxlecdrat ravr axovOavreg 
m/LcnovOi nqbg tov Ti/uaoiova xal xsleiJovOL n^o- 
ararfjoai ka^dvra /p^/^aTcx, Snwg ixnlsvari fj 
OTQarid. 

^ d^ cld/LLsvog dxovOag sv OvXX6y(p rwv axQa- 22 
rio}T(bv 8vT(ov Isyei rads' Ov del TiQoaixscv f^ovfi, 
& avd^sgy ovdh rfjg "^EkXadog ovdsv tibqI nXelovog 
noieloS-av, dxovo) de rivag SvsoS-ai ml rovro) ov- 
dev Vfilv Xiyovrag, vniOxvov/Liai d^ v/uiv, dv ix- 23 
nXaijtey dnb vov/urjvlag /uiad^oq)OQdv naQS^eiv xvl^i- 
xrp^bv ixdOTip rov firp^og" xal d^o) vfidg slg rrjv 
TQCpdda, ey&sv xai ei/ui q)V'/dg, xal vndQ^ei Vfuv 
Tj i/Lcij nokig' ixovrsg yaQ fis di^ortai. 7\yipofjLai 24 
(J' avxbg iyib evS-ey noXXd ;fp?y^ara XrixpedS-B. e/ur- 
neiQog d^ elfil rfjg AloUdog xal rfig ^Qvyiag xal 
xfig TQOjddog xal rfjg ^aQva^aC^ov dQXV^ ^dorjg, 
rd fisv did TO ixelS-€v slvaiy xd dl did xb Ovv- 
eOXQaxevoO-ai sv avxfj 6vv Kkedgx^ '^^ ^«i Jbq- 
xvXtdcc. dvacTtdg av&ig OwQa^ 6 Boubxiog, og tibqI 26 
CXQaxriYiag ASvog)(bvxi s/Lcaxsro, Hgp?/, el i^slS-oiev 
ix xov Uovxov, €d60&ai avxoig XsQQovrjOor x^qav 
xaXijfy xal svdal/uova, mat" e^elvai xip ^ovlo/uerq) 
' houxelVy X(p dh /jn] /3ovlofi€V(p dniivai oixade. ye- 
kolov d^ ehai h xfj '^EkXddi ovorjg /doQag noXlfjg 
xal dg)S'6vov sv xfj ^aQ^d^oiv fjiacSxsvBiv. etsxs d^ 26 
dvy ligp?/, exel yevijoS-s, xdyd} xa&dne^ Tifiaaicov 
VTiiOxvov/uai vfiiv xfiv /LCioO-ocpoQav^ xavxa d^ hlsyev 
eldcjg d Ti/u^aolcovi ol '^HQaxlecbxai xal ol ^ivojnfjg 
vmoxvovvO'^ &(Sx ixnlelv. 



172 LIB. V. CAP. VI. 

27 ^0 3e Zevo(p(bv sv roirtcp eolya. avaOrag ds 
^iXriOiOQ xal Avxo)v ol l4xaiol eleyov, (bg daivbv 
eitj tdia /uev Sevocpwrra nsi&eiv xe xarajLteveiv xal 
S-veC&aL VUBQ Trjg /Lcovfjg, elg dh to xoirov /Lcridh 
dyoQsveiv tisqI tovtcdv. wot* i^ayxdo^rj 6 asvo- 

28 g)(dv dvaOrfjvai xal bItzbIv rads' 'Eyd), (h clvd^egy 
d-vo/Lcai /Lckv (bg oQaS-^ bnooa dvvafiai xal vtcbq 
vfji&v xal vneQ i/aavrov, Snwg ravra Tvyxdvo) xal 
leycov xal vo(bv xal TiQ&TTiDVy bnola /Lcikkei v\uv re 
xdlXiOra xal aQKJra eoeod-ai xd/LcoL xal vvv iSv- 
6/Lcr]v tisqI avrov rovxov, si cI/lvsivov eirj «p/€(y^a4 
leyeiv elg v/Lcdg xal nQdzTSiv tisqI tovtwv t] Ttavtd- 

29 naOi firid' anrsoS-ai rov n^dyfjiarog. Sikavdg di 
fjLoi 6 fjidvTig dnexQlraro rd /uhv fisyiorov, ra ts^d 
xald slvav fjdsi yaQ xal i/Lvh ovx aneiQov ovra did 
t6 del naQBivai roTg leQolg' eke^e d^ Sri ev rolg fc- 
Qolg g)alvoir6 rig dokog xal sTii^ovXrj i/LU>i, (bg ci^a 
yiyv(b6xa)v 8ri avrbg htB^oiiXBVB dia^dJJksiv fjue nqhg 
Vfidg, e^vBYxe yaQ rov koyoVy (bg syo) n^drrBiv 

30 ravra Siavooi/iriv rjdr] oi nelaag vfiag. k/d) d^ si 
/UBV icjQCDV dnoQovvrag v/uag, rovt* otv saxdnovv 
d(p* oi dv ysvoiS-^ &ars la^ovrag v/Lcdg ndXiv rov 
/UBV ^ovkd/ueyov dnonksiv ijSrif rhv dh fA/i] ^ovko- 
/LiBvov, sjisl xrrjOairo Ixavd wars xal rovg savrov 

31 oiXBiovg (b(pBlf](Jai ri. bjisI 3^ 6pc5 v/uv xal rd 
Ttloia nifinovrag "^HQaxksdbrag xal 2!iv(07tiag &art 
sxTikBiVj xal jLciaS-ov vm(fx^ov/UBvovg v/lciv clvdgag 
dnb vovfir[yiag, xakov /noi doxsl Bivai a(joQofjihovg 
er&a /SovkojuBO-a /Lciad-ov r^g svTXOQiag Xa/Lc^dveiVf 



LIB. V. CAP. VI. 173 

y.al avTog re naiJOfiai ixsivrig rrjs diavolag, xal 6- 
noooi TtQdg ijuh nQoOfjaav "keyovreg (bg XQV t«^^« 
TtQaTTHVy anonavBO&ai cprifii XQW^^^ ovrco yccQ yi- 32 
yvcboxo)' o/LCov jLcer bvreg nollol coOubq vvvl doxelx 
av jLcoi xal evri/ioi elvai xal e/^eiv rdmri^dsia' iv 
yaQ Tip XQarelv edri xal to la/LL^dveiv rd rwv rjft- 
Tovcov diaOJiaO^evreg d^ av xal xard /ulxqcc yevo^ 
uivi]g rfig dvvd/Ltscjg oiix dv rpogp^y dvvaicS-e "kafji- 
^dvBiv ovrs xf^^QOvreg dv dnaXXd^aiTs. doxel ovv, xa- 33 
S-dnsQ vfilVy ixTtoQeveod-ai slg ttiv "^EXldda, xal idv 
Tig /LtevToi dnohncjv hricp&fi, nqlv av daq)aXei alvai 
Tidv TO OTQdTev/Lia, XQivaO&ai avTov d)g ddvxovvta. 
xal Hrcp Soxsl, ecprfy xavra, d^dTO) ttjv x^^Q^" ^^^ 
TBivav obiavTsg. 6 ds 2ilavdg i^oa, xal kiexBiQH 34 
Xeysiv dyg dixaiov eirj dmivai tov ^ovkofjuevov. ol da 
OTQaTubTai ovx rp^aixovTo, dlX rpiaiXovv avT(p ori 
at Irfi/jovrai dnodid^doxovTa, ttiv dixrjv ktiS^Ooiav. 

^EvTavS-av anal ayvcooav ol "^HQaxladrvai, bxi ax- 35 
TtXalv dadoy/LLavov atrj xal Zavocpcov avTog a7ieipriq>i'' 
xibg airiy rd /uav nXola na/LcnovOi, rd da xQVf^^^^ ^ 
vnaOxovxo TifiaOLoivi xal OcoQaxi iyjava/uavoi acpd- 
VTjcJav. avravd^a d^ axTtankrjy/Lvavoi fiOav xal ada- 30 
diCav TTjv (fTQaTidv ol ttiv fiioS-ocpoQdv vnaOxTjuh^ou 
TiaQaka^ovTag ovv ovtoi xal Tovg dilovg o'Tpocr?;- 
yovg, olg dvaxaxolvwvro & nQooS-av eJiQavtov, ndvrag 
d^ ijOav nkrjv Namvog tov l^Oivaiov, bg XaiQiOdcpw 
VTiaOTQarriyac, XaiQiOocpog 3^ ovno) naqfiv, ep/orrat 
ngbg Aavocp&VTa, xal )JyovaLV on fi^afxakoi avrolg, 
xal doxolrj xqoxiOtov alvav nkalv alg ^ddiv, anal 



174 LIB. V. CAP. VI. VII. 

Tilola i'driy xal xaraaxslv rip^ <Paaiavcbv /wpai'. 
37 Alrftov dh vidovg ktvyxcf^v^ ^aOiXevcDv avr&v. Se- 
voq>(bv d^ dTiexQivaO'^ bri ovdkv av rovrcov sinoi eig 
rip/ OtQaridv' VfieXg dh avlU^avzeg, €q)Tj, el ^ov- 
XeaS-By X€y€T€. ivravS-' dnodeixwrai Ti/Lcaaia)v 6 
JaQdavsvg YV(bfjir[y ovx ixxlriOidl^eiv, dkXd rovg 
avTov exaorov koxo^yoi^g TiQibrov neiQdo&ai nai&eiv, 
xal djiekd-ovreg tovx kiolovv. 

VII. Taih^ ovv ol orQariwrai ^ dirsTivd-ovro 
TaQaTtd/Lieya. xal 6 Newv Uysi (hg A^oq>6)v dva- 
7i67teix(bg rovg ailovg otQarrjyoijg diavoBlrai aysiv 

2 Tovg OTQariwrag k^anaxriaag ndliv slg ^daiv. dxov- 
CavTsg d^ ol aTQariibrai x^^'^^^S €q>BQOVy xal ovl- 
koyoi iylyvovTo xal xvxloi axjviaravxoy xal fuidht 
q)o^€Qol riaav, /lij noLTjOsiav oia xal rovg r&v K6X- 

3 x'^'^ xi]QVxag hioirpav xal rovg dyoQavo/Lcovg' insl 
d' fiod-dvevo A^ocpibVy sdo^sv avrtp d)g rdxi(^a at/y- 
ayayeiv avrdjv dyo^dvy xal jLtrj idoai dvXXsyfjvai 
avTo/Lcdrovg' xal ixikevOs rbv xriQVxa OvXXi^ai dyo- 

4 Qdv. ol d^ enel rov xrjQvxog ijxovaav, aw0Qa/Ltov 
xal /Lcdk^ holiucDg. hrav&a S^ocp&v rajv fiev 
OTQaxriY&v ov xarrjydQei, bri ijld-ov TiQog avrov, 

6 l4xova) TLvd dia/idlleiv, & avdQeg, i/ah d)g cIq^ 

iyo) k^anaxrioag vfidg /LtelXco Hyuv eig <Pdovv. dxov- 
oar ovv /uov TiQog &e(bv, xal edv /lc€v iyw cpai- 
veo/uai ddixelv, ov X9^ (^ hS-svde dnelS-elv, tiqIv 
av d(b dixrjv' av 3^ vulv q)alva)rrai ddixelv ol ifih 
dia^dlkovreg, ovzcog avxolg XQV^^^ &(S71€Q d§ior. 



LIB. V. CAP. VII. 175 

vf^ele d\ ecprjf iore drpiov 8&€v rjhog dvloxsL xal 6 
dnov dvetaiy xal &ti ear fiev rig sig rrjv "^Ekhxda 
fiikXri iivaif nqbg iansQav del noQejisoS-ai' ijv ds 
rig Povhrjftai alg xovg /iaQ^aQovg, Tov/LcnaXir nqbg 
BO), eaxiv ovv bang tovt otv dvvai&^ Vfjuag k^a- 
narfjaai, wg rjhog erd-ev /Lckr dviaxsi dvevai d^ ev- 
zavd-a, ey&a dh d^etai, avio^ei d^ evrevS-sv; 
dkkd fiT]r xal rovro y htlOTacB^ 8ti ^OQeag /luv 7 
e^o) Tov UovTov etg ri]v *^EkXdda q)BQ€i, vorog d^ eioco 
Big ^dOiVy xal Xiy^aiy 8rav ^oQQdg nvetj, (bg xa-- 
kol 01 Tilol etoiv elg rriv "^Ekkdda. tovt" ovv soriv 
bnmg av zig vfiag i^aJiaxi^cJeisVy &Ort ifi^alvBw dno- 
rav v&tog nverj; dUd 'ydQ onorav yaXtp^ri fi efi^i^fb. 
ovxovv eyo) /lcsv h hi nXoiip nkevoo/iai, v/Lcsig de s 
rovXd/^vOTov h ixardv, n(bg av ovv syo} i] /3iaOai/LLr]v 
vfidg airy Bfiol jiXbIv firi ^ovXo/Lcivovg ^ i^anarrjaag 
ciyoi/Lci; 7ioi(b d^ v/Lcag B^anaxri&hTag xal yoijtBV- 9 
S-Bvrag tn b/jlov tjxbiv Big <Pdaiv' xal drj dno^ai- 
vo/LLBV Big TTiv x^Q^^' YVibOBOB-B drpiov iki ovx iv 
Tjj ^Ekkddi icri' xal iyd) /ukv BOofiai 6 i^riTiaTrjXcDg 
Big, vfiBig d^ 01 B^TiarrifiBvoL iyyvg /ivqIcdv BXovTBg 
onXa. Tiibg av ovv dvr]Q fidilov Soirj dixr^y i] ov- 
TO) tibqI avTov TB xal vfiibv ^ovXBVo/LLevog; dXX^ 10 
(jvcoi bIciv 01 XoyoL dvdQibv xal "^Xl&icdv xdfiol q)S'0- 
vovvrwvy 6'ti iyd) vq)* v/icbv xvfMbfiai, xairoi ov 
dixaioyg y av fjioi cpS-ovol^' riva yaQ avrcov iyo) 
xcdXvo) 7] XiyBiv bY rig tv dyad-bv dvvaxai iv vjllIv, 
i] /LcdxBO&ai Bi Tig b&^Xbl vtibq vfifbv tb xal iat/vov, 
^ iyQ^yoQBvai txbqI rfig v/uetBQag docpaXBiag btujub- 



176 LIB. V. CAP. VIL 

Xofievov; xl ya^j aqy^ovxa^ atQav/ueveov v/udfv eyo) 
TLVi Bfinodibv tlfii; naQirnbn, otQX^^' f^^vov ayaO-ov 

11 XL noi(bv Vfidg (paiviad^o). dHa yap ifiol jllsv «()- 
X€i 7I€qI rovTcov xa eiQTi/Lieva' el de xig v/luov tj 
avxog k^anaxridip/ai otv oiferat xam ij aXkov e^- 

12 xovOe, xavxa Xeywv didaoxho). ihav ds tovxwv 
clhg exrfte, /Lcij oJiiX&rite tiqIv otv dxov(Srj&* olov 6V0Qa> 
iv xfi (SXQaxi^ aQX^/^^o^ TCQdyfia' o si bjihCi xal 
ecxaL olov vnodeixwoiv , WQa rifilv ^ovXeveoS-ai 
vnsQ rjficbv avxwv, juri xdxiOxoi xe ^al aXo/^iaroi 
avdQsg dvaq)aivd)fi6S'a xal TiQdg S-swv xcd ngbg dv- 
&(}d)7io)v xal g)ll(jov xal nole/Lcicov. 

13 lAxo'daavxeg dh ravS-^ ol axqaxiibxai e&a'dfjia- 
ddv S-^ a XI siTj xal keysiv exiksvov. ix xovxov 
OLQX^^'' Tidhv ^EjiiaxaoO-e nov oxi /wq^ fiv iv xolg 
oQsOi ^aQ^aQixdy (piXia xolg KsQaaovvxioigy SS-ey 
xaxLovxeg xivhg xal tsQsla i7i(bkovv rifiXv xal ciiX 
vjv el/ovy doxalv ds fioi xal Vfjcwv xivsg sig xb ey^ 
yvxdxo) ;fcop/oy xovxmv il&ovxeg dyoQaCavxeg xi 

14 ndUv dnfik&ov, xovxo xaxajuaS-wv Kkea^exog 6 
Xoxctybg 8x1 xal /lcixqov sitj xdcpv'kaxxov did xb (pi- 
hov vo/Lcl^€iv elvai, cip/erat m avxovg xfjg vvxxbg 

15 fhg 7iOQ&7iCo)Vy ovdavl f\fi(bv sItkov. disvevorjxo ds, 
el Xd^oi xode xb x^QioVy eig /uh^ xb CXQaxevjua 
jLtrixhi sk&sXvy elo^dg d^ eig nXolov, ev (^ hvyxavov 
ol ovOxrp^OL avxov naQankeovxsg, xal iv&i/LLSvog sY 
XI Xd^oiy dnoTilecDV oY/^scS-ai h'^o) xov IIovxov. xal 
xavxa ovvcofioloyriOav avxcb ol ix xov nloiov av~ 

16 Oxrjvoi, (bg iyo) Tivv&dvojitai, nagaxake^ag ovv 



LIB. V. CAP. VII. 177 

onoOovg ensiS^sv riysv ml xb ^^qiov. noQSvd/usrov 
d^ airrbv q)&dvBi TjfieQa yevo/uevriy xal OvOravTsg 
01 civd-QiDTioi arC ioyvq(bv toticov /SaXXovrsg xal 
naiovTBG Tov T€ KkeaQBxov anoTtrceivovov xal rojv 
aD.(ov av/vovg, ol ds tip eg xal etg KsQaOovvr av-^ 
Tcbv arcoxiDQOvOv. xairta d' ijv iv rfj flfiigc^ fj 17 
fj/Lcelg deuQ' i^coQficb/iiev neCfi' twv dk Tilsovrojv eri 
TLvhg ^Oar iv KeQaOovvriy ovnco avriyfihoi. fxeia 
TOVTO, (bg ol KeQaCovvxiOi "keyovOLVy acpixvovvxai 
T&v he Tov ;fa)()/oi; TQslg avSgeg xwv yeQaviiQwv 
TiQdg rd xoivbv rb ri/uhsQOv /p//^orr6s ikS-eir. kiel 18 
(J' rifA^dg ov xarika^ov, ngbg roijg KeQadoxjvrlovg 
hleyoVy Hri &av/idl^oi€v ri rj/ilv do^tuv il&elv in 
avrovg. ijiel fisvzoi rixovaav iki ovx dnb xoivov 
yivoiTo rb TiQay/Lca, rldeod-al % avrovg xal fzilleiv 
evS^Ade nislVy (bg rifuv ki§ai ra ysvd/ueva xal rovg 
vexQovg xbXbvhv avrovg S^anrBvv Xa^bvrag. r&v 
d^ dnoq)vy6vro}v nvag "^Ekli^vwv rvx^lv ert ovrag 19 
iv KeQaOovrri' alo&6/LC€voi ds rovg fiaQ^aqovg 
bnoL Yoi€v avroi r hoXfirjoav ^dilsiv rolg Xi&oig 
xal rolg oilXoig naQsxsksvovro, xal ol avd^eg 
djio&vfiaxovai r^elg bvrsg xaralevo&iPTsg. kial 20 
dh rovr iysveto, lp;forrat TiQbg ri/btag ol KsQaOovv^ 
not xal keyovoi rb TtQay/aa' xal rnxelg ol OrQarrj- 
yol dxoijaarrsg rD^^S-ofie&d re rolg yeyevrj/airoig xal 
i^ovXevdfjied'a Ovr rolg KsQaOovvrioig, nwg av ra- 
cpeiriaav ol raiv "^EklTjvcDv vexQoL avyxadifi/Lisvoi 21 
d^ e^cod-ev rujv oiikwv i^aicpvrjg axovo/u^sv S-oqv^ov 
noXkov Ilala Tiale, ^dk).6 ^dlXe, xal rd/a dij 6pa)- 

Xenophontis Anubasis. 12 



178 LIB. V. CAP. VII. 



fiBv noXkovg nQood-eovrag kl&ovg exorrag iv raig 

22 X^Q^h 't;oi)g dh xdvaiQovjusvovg. xal ol jukv KcQa- 
(SoijVTioi, are xal icoQaxoreg rd naQ^ iat/tolg TiQay- 
fia, deiaavTsg dnoxioQovOL n^bg ra nijola. fiOav 

23 dh vij Jia xal ruawv oH edeioav, ey(b ye /uip^ ijl- 
&0V TiQog airtovg xal rJQwrary o tl iorl to TiQay- 
fia. ribv d^ riaav /Lckv oi ovdev fjdeOaVf ofiwg dh 
liS-ovg eixov h raig pf^pcXtV. inel d^ elddri rivl kit- 
Tvxov, Xhyei fioi ihi ol dyoQavo/Lcoi deivorara noi- 

24 ovoi rd OzQarev/ua. sv TovT(p rig bgq rbv dyoQa- 
vofiov Zri'kaQX^'^ TiQog rrp^ d-dlarrav d7iox(OQovvTa, 
xal dvixQayev' ot d^ (bg rjxovoavy wOtisq ij avbg 

25 dyQiov i] sXdq)ov (parivrog leyrai m avrov. ol d^ 
av KsQaaovvTioi (bg eWov bQfi&vrag xa9^ airtovg, 
(Sa(p(bg vo/Lcit^ovT€g eni aq)ag YeoS-at, cpevyovav d^ofjup 
xal i/uTiiTiTovOiv elg ttjv d'AXartxav. oweioejieOov 
dh xal Tjjuwv avT(bv riveg, xal STtviytTo oOrig velv 

26 fjiT] hvyx^'^^ iniOrdfisvog, xal rovrovg ri doxelre; 
'^dixovv /ahv ovdiv, edeiaav dh fiii hlxtxa rig &a7t€Q 
xvalv rifiiv i/LCTteTVK&xoi. el ovv ravra roiavr^ 
eOxai, S-edoaod-^ oYa -rj xaxdOTaoig tj/lcIv eorav rrjg 

27 OTQariag. v/uelg /Lchv ol ndvreg ovx h'oeo&s xvqioi 
oiiT dveXeoS-ai noXefiov, q) av ^ovkr]0&*f ovre xara-^ 
Xvaai, ldi(f d^ b ^ovXoiLLevog a^ei (fTQarev/Lta iq)^ S 
Ti av S-ilt]. xclv Tiveg TCQbg vfiag iwai TiQca^eig 
i] elQTfyrig deo/LLSvoi i] cllXov rivog, xaraxaivovreg 
rovrovg ol ^ovko/aevoi non^OovOiv v/udg rcbv koycov 

28 fjCT] dxovaai ribv n^bg v/udg lovnov. eneira d^ ovg 
uhv av vfiBlg anavrsg elrioff' ccQxovrag, sv ovds/tiia 



LIB. V. CAP. Vll. 179 

X(^Q(f BOovraiy i)(SriQ <J' av eavrbv ekrpcai xal i&slr] 
kiyeiv Bdkke ^dlls, o{rtos e&tai txavog xal aQx^vra 
xaraxavelv xal Ididrtrjv Sv av iS-iXrj axQirov, i]v 
&Oiv 01 neioo/uevoi airtip, wOttsq xal vvv iysvero. 
ola (J' v/uv xaransTiQaxaOiv ol av&aiQevoi ovroi 29 
otQoxriyol Cxhpaad-e. Zr'jXaQxoe f^ 6 dyoQavo/Lcog 
si /U6V aduxei Vfxagy oiyijetat dnoTzlicov ov dovg 
Vfuv dixrp^* si ds ju^Ti ddixsl, (pevyei ex rov OTQa- 
zev/LcaroQ, delaag /lltj ddixiog dnod-dvri. ol de xaxa-- 30 
Xevi^avrsg rovg TiQia^sig disJiQa^avro rjjulv /iSvoig 
ju.ev T&v "^EkXrp^f^v elg KsQaOovvra f^i} doq>a'khg elvai, 
lav /Lci] avv loxvh dcpixvslad-ai' rovg dh vexQovg ovg 
TCQoa&sv avrol ol xaraxavdvrsg ixilsvov B-dnreLV, 
rovrovg disjiQa^avro firidh ovv xr]QVX€i(p h:i datpa- 
keg elvai dvelea&au rig yaQ iS-eXrjaei xfjQv§ levai 
xriQVxag dnsxxovwg; aH* rlf^elg KeQaaovvricDv ^a- 
tpai avrovg iderjSij/Lcsv, si /isv ovv ravra xaXwg 3i 
sxsi, do^dro) v/Lciv, iv (bg* roiovzcov saofisvwv xal 
<pvXaxrp/ idi<f noiriori Tig xal rd vnsQde^ia nsi-- 
^drai sx(ov axrivovv. si /^svroi vfilv doxsl ^- 32 
^iojv dlXd /IT] dvO-Qwnwv slvai rd roiavt" sQya, 
OxoTislrs TiavXdv xiv avrwv si ds fjiriy TiQog Jibg 
n&g 7] d-solg O-vao/Lcsv '^dswg noiovvxsg sQy doe^fj, 
i] TtoXs/Lcloig 7i(bg fiaxovi^isS-a, rjv dXXrjXovg xaraxal- 
vw/Lisv; TidXig ds q)iXia xlg rjjudg de^srai, rjitg av 33 
OQ^ TooavTTjv dvojuiav sv rj/ulv; dyoQav ds rig d^si 
S^aQQwv, 7]v tisqI rd /usyiara roiavr s§a/iaQTdvov^ 
rsg (paiv(bfjisd'a; ov ds dij ndvrwv (bo/us&a rsv^ 
^soS-ai hiaivoVy rig sri av ^/Lcdg roiovrovg ovrag 

12* 



180 LIB. V. CAP. VII. vni. 

BTiaiviaeisv; fifielg /Ukv yaQ old^ Sri novriQovg av 
q)ai7jiLC€v elvai rovg xa toiai/ta noiovvrag. 

34 ^Ex TOVTov dviardfievoi navxeg eksyov roig 

fih Tovreov aQ^avtag dovvai dixtp^, xov dh Xoinov 
/irixhi e^elvai dvofiiag ccQ^ar edv di rig cIq^, vn- 
dyeoS-ai d-avdrov* rovg dh OTQarriyovg etg dbiag 
ndvtag xaTaOrfjOai. Blvai dh dixag xal ei xi alio 
Tig ridiTOjv i^ ov KvQog djte&ave' dixaaxdg dh rovg 

85 Xoxa/ovg enoii^OavTO, naQaivovvrog dh Seroq)(dvTog 
xal T(bv fidvceoyv av/i^ovlevdvrcDv €do§€ xaO^gai 
rd (SxQdrtBVfjia. xal eyhno xa&aQfidg. 

Vin. ^'Edo^a dh xal rotg OTQazriyovg dixriv 
vnoc/jdv rov naQsXtjXvS'dTog XQ^^ov. xal dtdovxiov 
^iXi^Oiog juhv &(pXe xal Zavd-ixl^g Tfjg q)vkax7jg ribv 
yavXixcjv XQVI^^'^^^ '^^ [leiiofia stxooi /LLvdg, 2o^ 
q)alveiog d\ Sri alQeS-slg ^ ^ xaxrjfjihXei, daxa /uvag^ 
S^oq)(bvTog dh xarrjyoQrjOdv riveg q)doxovTeg^ 
TtaieaS-ai vn airtov xal d)g v^QiQovTog rriv xazrj-- 

2 yoQlav enoiovvto. xal 6 ABVO(p(bv ixilavaey ebislv 
Tov TiQWTov ki^avza, nov xal inli^yri. 6 d^ dna-- 
XQivaro* ^'Onov xal Qlyei dnwXXvfu&a xal ;ftcby 

3 7il6i(Jtr] riv. 6 d' alnsv l^kld /lltiv x^^/^^^^S y ovxog; 
dlov liyeig, oizov d^ sniXeXomorogf oivov dh /itjd^ 
dacpQaiveO&ac naQov, vnb dh tcovcdv noXkcbv dnayo^ 
QsvovrcDv, nole/Lclcjv d^ ino/iivcoVf el h Toiovxtp 
xaiQCp v^Qi^oVf 6/LLoloyib xal rdfv ovwv v^qksto- 
TBQog elvaif olg q)aaiv vnb Tfjg v^QSiog xonov ovk 
iyyiyvscfSat. B/uwg dh xal fJ^ov, agp?;, ix rivo^ 

4 bikfiYrig. noxeQov ffrovv ri ae xal enei fioi ovk 



LIB. V. CAP. VIII. 181 

idiSovg hiaiov; aU! dn^rovv; dlXa fiaO-itov inaQcp- 
vrjOa; enei dh tovtwv ovdhv etprjOsv, eTH^QSt" avxbv 6 
bI onkireijoi. ovx llgp^' ndliv el nekto^oi. ovdh 
roi/i eqyt], dU,^ rj/Lclovov iXavveiv raxO'slg iXeij&eQog 
&v. errav&a dii dvayiyvibaxBi avxbv xal iJQevo' 6 
^H oi) si 6 rdv xdfivovT dyaydbv; Nai fib. Jl\ 
ecpTj* (Si) ydg i^vdyxaCsg* to: ds rwv i/u&v csvCkti- 
vcjv Oxsijrj diiQQiyjag. ^AX^ ri fih diaqqixpig^ eq)f] 7 
6 Ssvoq)(bv, ToiavTT] rig iyersro, diiSwxa cllloig 
ciyeiv xal ixiXevcfa nqbg sfih dna'/a'/siv, xal dno- 
Xa/icbv anavxa Oa dnidcjxd Ooi, kiel xal Ov i/iol 
dnidei^ag xbv clvSqa. olov dh rb ngayfjia eyh^o, 
dxoiL)(Sax^ J %(fif\' xal ydq cl§iov. dvrjQ xaxskelneto 8 
did xb /irjxhi dvvaO&ai noQeijeaS-ai. xdyo) xbv 
fihv dvdqa xooovxov iyiyvwaxov, oxi elg rifiibv sirj, 
rjvdyxacsa dk xovxov ayeiVj &g fir} dndkoixo' xal 
ydq, wg iytpfiai, noXefMioi rifuv k(pBinovxo. avv^ 
iq)r] XOV&* HvS^Qomog. Ovxovv, llgpiy 6 Sevoq)wv, 9 
insl TTQovns/iyjd as, xaxaXa/a^dva} atjd-Lg civ xoig 
oma&ocpiiXa^i nqoOiwv ^dS-Qov dQijxxovxa (bg xaxo- 
Qij^ovxa xbv avS-Qoonov, xal sniOxdg kifivovv as, 
sTisl ds 7iaQsaxi]x6x(jt)v iifiCbv awixa/iyjs xb axsXog lo 
avi^Qf dvsxQayov ot naQovxsg 8xi l^fj dvriQ, av d^ 
sinag ^Ondaa ys ^ovlsxai' (bg sywy* avxbv ovx 
a^o}. hxavS-^ sjiaiad as* dlrjd^ Isysig* sdoxsig ydg 
fiOL sidoxi soixsvai 8xi sQri> Ti ovv; eg)r], rftxdv ii 
XI djisd-avsv, kisl syd) aoi dnidsi§^ avxov; Kal yaQ 
rj/utg, sept] 6 Ssvoq)(bv, ndvxsg dnoS-avov/LcsS-a' xov- 
xov ovv svsxa ^wvxag rj/Lidg del xaxoQvx&^vai; 



182 LIB. V. CAP. VIII. 

12 Tovroy fih dvexQayov (bg dXlyag Ttaioeiev' 
cOlog d^ aHov hceleva Xeyeiv dta xi sxaOrog inXri'yrj. 

13 enel d* ovk dvicfzavro, airtbg kleysv' ^Eyd), & avdqegy 
o/uokoycb TiaiOai drj avd^ag erexer dra^iag, Sooig 
Ocp^eO&ai fikv iJQxei di v/Lcdjv kv t&^h re lovrwv 
Tcai fiaxofJihiov bnov daoiy avrol dh Xmovreg rag 
rd^sig nqo&iovreg aQTidl^etv rjO-slov xal v/jl&v tiIso- 
vexTsZv. 61 dh roi/to ndvreg enoiov/Aey, anarreg 

14 civ dnoihifiB&a. ijdrj dh xal /Lcalaxil^djueydv riva xal 
ovx i&iXovT dviOraoS-ai dila nQoUfievov avxbv 
Tolg noXsfiioig xal maioa xal B^Laadfirp^ noQsvsC&au 
er ydQ Tcp la/VQ(p /ei/LccbvL xal airtdg nor dvafxe- 
vary rivdg Ovoxeva^o/Ltivovg xaS-el^d/ierog (Sv/v6v 
Xq6vov xare/Lta&ov dvaaxag /LtdXig xal zdc OxeXt] ix- 

16 teivag. ev i/Ltavrtp ovv nelQav ka^cbv ex rovzov 
xal allov, bn&t Xdoifii xaB^fimfov xal ^Xaxwovray 
rjXavvov* to yaQ xivBla&ai xal dvdQll^€a&aL noQeixs 
&BQfjiaoiav Tiva xal vyQOTijia, rd dh xaS^aS-ai xal 
riovxiav ^x^iv iwQiov vnovQybv 8v rip r dnojiri- 
Ywod-ai rd alfia xal rep dnoarpietsS^ai rovg twv 
TioSwv daxTvlovg, ansQ noXXovg xal vfieig i&zs na- 

16 S-ortag. Ullov da y* iawg dnoXBUid/aevdv nov did 
Qccovcbvrp^ xal xcoXvona xal vfiag rotg nQooS-ev 
xal rj/Lcdg xoi^g HmoS-ei^ noQevsoS-ai enaioa nv§, 6- 

17 Tiiog fiii loyxTl ^^^ 'r^^' noXs/Lclwv naioiro. xal 
yaQ ovv vvv e^sariv avroXg ow&elaiv, si ri vtC sfiov 
enaS-ov na^d to dixaiov, dixr]v la^elv. bI d^ inl 
rolg Tiolejuloig iyirovro, ri iiiy dv ovrcog enaS-ov 

18 oTov dixTjv dv ri^iovv Xa/u/^dveiv; dnlovg uoi, €g)ri, 



LIB. V. CAP. VIII. 183 

6 kdyog' el /uhv in dyaS-w sxdXaad riva, d^id) vn- 
ex^iv dmriv diav xal yoveig vleoi xal diddoxaXoc 
naiol' xal yaQ ol larQoi xdovoi xal xe/LcvovOiv in 
dyaS-^p' d d^ v^Q6i vo/Lcil^eT€ /is ravra nQdxreiv, 19 
ivSv/LtTjS^&-* 8ti vvv iyd) S^aQQcb Ovv roig &€olg 
jLcaXXov i] Tore xal S-QaavrsQog elfit vvv i] tots xal 
oivov Tilelo) nlvcDf dAA' o/acDg ovdeva naio)' iv «i5- 
dl(f yaQ OQW v/adg, Srav dh /fii^cb?' fi xal S-d- 20 
haxra /LceydXtj %ii(peQr]ftaLy ovx oQctS-^ Sri xal vev~ 
fiatog fiovov avexa x^Xenaivsi fiev nQWQSvg rolg 
iv nQ(pQ<f, xaXsjiaivBi da xv^eQvrftrig roig iv uqv- 
fivfi; ixavdc ydcQ iv rep xoiovrcp xal /LciXQa d/iaQTrj- 
S-ivra ndvxa avvsnvtQhfjai. 8ri dk dixaiwg enaiov 21 
avro'dg, xal Vfjulg xaredixdaars' exovrsg ^Icpr}, ov 
ifrfjcpovgy naQ€(fTaT€, xal i^v vfilv hiixovQBlv av~ 
rolg, el i^ovXeoS-e' dlXd fia J la ovre xovroig ins- 
xovQslx oiks civ ifiol rdv del draxxovvx ixold'Csxs. 22 
xoiyaQovv i^ovolav inoii^Oaxe xolg xaxolg avxGyv 
v^gCQeiv idfvxeg avxovg. otfiai yap, el i&iX^s 
(fxonslv, Totg avxo'bg svqtiO^s xal xdxs xaxuJxovg 
xal vvv v^QiOxortdxovg. Botcxog yovv d mvxrrjg 6 28 
OeixaXog tots fisv dnefid^^o wg xd/Lcvwv donlda 
fii] q)eQeiv, vvv d\ &g dxovco, Koxvo)QiT(bv noXXoifg 
rjdrj dnodidvxey, fiv ovv ococpQovfjrs, roirvov rdvav- 24 
rla noi'^aete ij roijg xvvag noiovar xoic /lev ydQ 
xvvag roifg /aAfiTroi;^ rag juev rj/ueQag o'ldiaoi, rag 
dh vvxrtag d(pLa(Siy xovxov d\ rjv ci(oq>Qovf[iey rijv 
vCxra /ikv drjaere, xriv d^ "^/LitQav d(pr]C^e. dildi 25 
yaQ, e'q)rj, S-avf^aQoi bxi el [lev xvvi vfjiwv ami-- 



184 LIB. V. CAP. VIII. LIB. VL CAP. L 

xS-ofirjv, jLiiuvrjaS's xal ov CiwnSrce, el ds tco rj 
Xsi/Ltwva knexovtpiCa ij Ttoli/Lciov anriQv^a ij dod-e- 
vovvri ij anoQoxjvTi ovve^eJioQiad ri, rovrcov d^ ov- 
deig fjUfivrftat, ovd^ ei xiva xaXwg tiowvvt eji^- 
veda ovd^ si xiv clvd^a ovt" dya&bv hljUTjaa wg 
6 idiryd/irjVf oiidkv rovrwv /Lcijuvria&e, dXkd /trjv xalov 
ye xal dixaiov xal bdiov xal ijdiov rwv dya&cbv 
fiailov i] T(bv xax&v (isfivrflQ-ai. 

^Ex rovTov fiev di] dvlaravro xal dve/LLi/LLvrj- 
axovy xal TiBQieyirero ware xaXwg bxbiv. 

5. 

I. ^Ex rovrov d^ ev rfj diaTQi^fj ol /lev and 
rfjg dyoQag sQiov, ol dh xal Xr^ofjiBvoi ex rrjg ITa- 
q>Xayoviag. exXwnevov dk xal ol Ilacplayoveg ev 
fidXa Tovg dnooxedavvvfihovg^ xal r^g vvxrcbg Toi)g 
71q6ow Oxrjpovvrag kneiQ&vro xaxovQyelv* xal no-- 
lefiixdjraxa nqbg dllrjXovg elxov ex tovtiov. 

2 ''O de KoQvhxg, 8g hiiyx^ve r&te naq)layo~ 
vlag aqy(ixyvy ni/MTiei nagd rovg '^'EkXrjvag TiQeO^eig 
sxovrag Ynnovg xal cfroldg xaldg, Xeyovrag Sri 
KoQvlag h:oifiog eiri firfc ddixelv [irjft ddixel-- 

3 od-ai, ol de OTQaTTiyol d7tex^ivav&^ ihi neql /Ltev 
TovTwv (Svv rfj CTQarti^ ^ovXeOooivrOy hit ^evia d^ 
edexovT avrovg' naQexakeaav dh xal r&v cIUaov 

4 avdQ&v o{)g eddxovv dixaiordrovg elvau Siioavreg 
Se ^ovg T(x)v atx/aalcbrcov xal aiX ieQela evw^iav 
fiev aQXovOav TtaQelxov, xaxaxei/^evoi rf* ev oxlfi- 
nooiv ideinvovry xal emvov ex xeQaxiveov TiorrjQiwv, 



LIB. VI. CAP. I. 185 

oig evetvy/avov iv xfj ;fc6pa. iTZsl di (Snovdcd % 6 
iyhovTo xal inaiaviOav, dviorrjOav ngtbrov /ih 
0Q^BQ xal ngoQ avXbv diQ/riaavro h xolg StiXoiq 
xal rfHovro vyjrjka re xal xo7jq)a)g xal xalg fiaxal^ 
Qaig ixQiovTo' rekog d^ o et€Qog top stsqov naiei, 
(bg naCiv iddxer 6 d^ eneae rsxvixcbg noyg, xal 6 
avixQayov ol IIaq)hx,y6veg. xal 6 /uiv axvXevaag 
ra Hnhx rov heQov i^ei ccdwv xov SirdXxav cllloi 
de T&v Oqcpcibv xbv stbqov e^6q>6Qov (bg Te&vrjxora' 
rp^ d^ ovdhv nsnovS-cbg. /Lcerd roi/c Aividveg xal 7 
Mdyvrjfceg dviartjcfav, oli (b^x^ovvro xijv xaQTiaiav 
xaXovfihrp^ h xolg HnXoig, Hde d^ 6 TQ&nog ttJs 8 
OQXV^^^S ^y* b jLcev naQad-i/Lievog ra bnla oneiQsi 
xal tevyrjlarel nvxvd dij otQecpd/ievog &g q>o^ov/u6'- 
vog, krjarrig dh nQoi^sQx^^'^* ^ ^' eJiBiddv nQotdrjrai, 
dnavT^ aQTidoag ra onka xal [idx^ai nQo rov 
^svyovg* xal ovtoi rai/t snoiovv iv QV&fi(p TCQbg 
rbv avkov xal rilog d kriarrig drioag xbv clvd^a 
rb l^evyog dndyer eviors ds xal 6 ^evyrjkdrrjg rbv 
Itiorrp^' eha na^d Toi)g ^ovg l^ev^ag dniow ro) 
X^^Q^ SeSsjuivov sXavvei. fietd rovxo Mvdbg elafjl&ev 9 
ay exaxeQC} xfi /6i()t exiov Jiekxrjv, xal xoxh fihv (bg 
dv dvxixaxxofuvo}v cop/ctTo, xoxi d^ (bg ngbg ev 
sxQTfto xalg nilxaig, xoxh d^ sdiVBlxo xal e^exv^icsxa 
sxcDv xdg Tiikxag, (bg xijv bxpiv xalrp/ cpalveod-ai, 
xiXog dh xb neQCixbr cop/erro* xal xqovcov xdg ml- lo 
xag xal aixla^e xal e^avioxaxo' xal xavxa ndvx* 
ev ^vd-fiw enolsi ngbg xbv avldv. ml da xovxvp ii 
elaiovxag ol Mavxivfjg xal dlloi xivhg x&v ^Qxd- 



186 LIB. VI. CAP. I. 

d(ov avaoravreg i^onhod/Lcsvoi (bg idvvavro xaX- 
hOT fia&v re JiQog rbv ivdnhov QvO-fjibv av- 
).ovfi€voi xal enaidviOav xal (bQ/jlOavd-^ &a7t€Q h 
zaig nqbg zovg O-eovg TiQoaddoig, dQwvrsg (J* ot 
ITacpXaydveg deivd enoiovvzo ndaag rag oqxV^^'^S ^ 

12 SnXoig elvai. til rovroig oqwv 6 Mvobg exTieTtXriy' 
fievovg avTovg, neiaag tCjv l^Qxddwv rivcc neJia- 
fikvov 6^y(r\GTqida dcdyu ivaxevdoag wg Mvvaro 
xdlliOra xal danida dovg xovcpriv airrfj. rj d^ cop- 

13 /riaaro nvQQtxtp^ ikaq)Q(J)g. evxavd-a XQdrog rj[v 
noXvg, xal ol nacpXayovsg 7Jqovt\ el ;fa/ yvvalxeg 
ovve/udxovt avrolg, ol (J' ekeyov Sri avzai xal al 
TQ€tpd/LL€vai sisv /SaOiXia ix rov axQatonedov, rfj 
/Ltiv vvxtI ravrri rovro to riXog iyerevo. 

14 Tfj de varsQalcf TiQoafjyov .avrovg slg rd Cr^d- 
ravfia' xal edo^B Tolg CTQaxiibtaig fjufjfv ddixelv 
ITaq)Xay6vag /urfc^ ddixela&ai. fi^d tov&^ ol /uev 
TiQeo^eig ipx^yro' ol (J* "^'EkXtp^egy eneidi] nXola Ixavd 
idoxei naQBlvat, dva^dvreg mXeov rifxaQav xal vvxrca 
nv^fiaxi xalip h aQicSrsQa exovreg rrp^ ITacplayo- 

lb vlav, rfj (J* aXltj dq)ixvovvrai etg ^Lvdjnrjv xal 
oiQfiioavro etg l^Q/Lt'^^vrjv rfjg 2^ivd)mjg. 2^iva}7ifjg 
d^ oixovoi fihv h rfj UacpXayovixfj, MiXrjOicov d^ 
ojioixol eloiv. ovroi dh ^hia 71€/ll71ovOi rolg "EUt]^ 
cfiv dXg)ira)v /Lckv /Ltedi/Lcvovg rQiOxii^iovg, oXvov dh 

16 xegd/Lcia ;f/Ata xal nevraxoOia. xal XeiQiaocpog ev^ 
ravS-^ ^X&€ rQiriQif] €X0)V. xal ot /Lcer orQaricbrai 
TiQooedoxcDv ayovrd ri ocpioiv rjxsiv' 6 <J' '^ye juhv 
ovSev, oJii^y yells (J' on enaivolrj avrovg xal I4va^ 



LIB. VI. CAP. L 187 

^i^iog 6 vavaQXos xctl ol aXloi, xal Sri vmOxvelro 
Idva^i^iogy el dcplxoivro l?co rov Hovrov, /aia&o-- 
q)OQav avroig eoso&ai. xal ev ravrrj rfj l^Q/Lcrjyri n 
BfJisivav ol OTQaridfrai rj/LcsQag nivra, 

'S2g dk rfjg "^Ekkddog edoxow eyyvg yiyveoS-ai, 
rjdrj /LcdXkov i] TiQoO&ev elarjei avrovg, ntbg av xal 
exovzig ti otxad^ dq)lxoivTo. riyricsairv ovv, el ev* i8 
eloivT cip/orra, fiailov av ^ noXvaQX^f^S ovarjg dv- 
vaod-ai t6v era XQV^^^^ ^V O'^QOiTavfiari xal vvxxbg 
xal rj/usQag, xal ei xi deoi lav&dveiVf judilov av 
XQvnreoS'aLy xal ei xv av deov q>&dvBiv, rfcxov av 
voxbqSI^biv* ov 'yaQ av Xoycov SbIv n^bg diltjlovgy 
dXld x6 dd^av x(p ivl TtBQaivBCf&ai av xbv d^ b/u^ 
nQoaS-BV XQ^^^'y *^ '^^^ vixcborig eJiQorcxov ndv&^ 
ol (SxQaxriYoL &g dh xavxa disvoovvxo, ixQanovxo 19 
ml xbv ZBVoq)wvxa* xal ol Xoxccyol Bkayov nQoa-- 
lovxBg aifxcp, on 17 OxQaxia ovxo) yiyvcoaxBi, xal 
evvoiav ivdBixvv/iBvog BxaGxog eiiBi&ov avxbv vno-- 
ax-^ai xi]V dQXW* ^ ^^ Savocpibv xfj juev i^ov- 20 
AfiTO xavxa, vofii^cjv xal xr]v xifiriv /ibII^ov* av ov-- 
xcjg Bavx(p yiyvBoS-ai nqbg xohg q)ikovg xal Big xip^ 
nokiv xovvoiia fiBiQov dcpi^BOd-ai avxov, xvxbv dh 
xal d'yaO'OV xivog av aixiog xfj OxQaxia yBrBOS-ai. 
xa /LtBV dij xoiai/t ivSv/urj/iaxa enfiQBv avxbv biir- 21 
dVfjLBiv avxoxQdxoQa yBvia&ai a();fo>aa. dnoxB d^ 
av hd^fioid-^ Sxi cldrjXov /ubv navxl dvS-QcbTiq), bnrj 
xb fjUilov B^Bi, did xovxo 8b xal xivdvvog bii] xal 
XTjv ngoBi^aCfihrp^ d6§av dno^alBiv, rpioQBixo dtj. 
dJioQOV/Liivcp d^ avxcp ido^B XQdxiOxov Bivai xoig 22 



188 LIB. VI. CAP. I. 

S-eoig dvaxoivdxfai' xal naQaOrrjoa/uspog dv UQsia 
kS^evo Tib Ju Tib ^aoikely baneQ airtw fiav- 
revTog "Sjv ix ^BXq)(bv' xal t6 dvaQ drj anb tov- 
Tov Tov S^sov ivo/Lci^ev ewQaxhaiy 8 eWey ox 
TiQX^^ *^^ '^^ (Jvv€7ii/ukeia&ai Tfjg (StQaTiag xa&i- 

23 (TtaaS-ai. xai 8t* i^ ^Ikpeaov wQfiaTo KvQtp avOTa- 
S^adfjieyogy ateidv dpe/ii/avriaxeto iavTw ds^ibv 
q)&6yy6/LieroVy xaS^/usvov /levToi, HvnsQ 6 fiavTig 6 
TiQOTiefinwv avTbv hle'yer 8ti fieyag /lev oltovbg eiri xal 
ovx tdiWTixog, xal evdo^og, intiovog /Ltivror tcc yaQ 
bQvaa fialKyt kniTi&sC&ai. Tcp aievcp xad^/LLivip' ov 
/LtivToi /()»;^aT£(yri;f6y elvai Tbv olwvov* Tbv ya(> 

24 alstbv 71€t6/lcsvov juaXkov ka/i^dveiv TdniTTjdsia. ov~ 
Tw dfj Snjofjihip avTip diacpavcbg 6 &€bg Orj/Lcalvei 
fA/f[tB nQoodeloS-ai Tfjg dgx^jg f^r(c el alQoivr dno^ 

25 dixeO&ai, tovto juev dri ovrwg eyiveto. 17 d^ OTQa- 
Tid Ovvfjkd'€, xal TidvTsg ekeyov sv* alQBia&ai' xal 
knel TovT h'So^e, nQov/idlkovr avTdv. kiel d^ idoxsi 
dfjkov elvai Htl alQi^cfowai avrdv, eX Tig €7iiyjriq)i^oi, 
dviOTrj xal hle^e Tads' 

26 ^Eyd), & civdQegj rjdo/Liai fisv {fcp^ if/i(bv ti/lcA- 
fievog, &L71BQ cipS-QCJTidg slf^iy xal x^9^'^ ^^ ^^^ 
evxofjiai dovvai fioi Toi)g d'sovg aiTiov Tivog vfuv 
dyaS-ov yeveaS-ai' rd fihToi kfjii TiQoxQiS^vai vtp 
VfjLfbv c(QxovTa AaxedaLfioviov dvdgbg naQovTo^ 
ovS-^ Vfuv /Lcoi doxet avfiq)BQov slvaiy dk)^ tJttov &v 
did TOVTO Tvyx^'^^^'^y *^' ^^ dioiod-e TiaQ^ avTcbv 
ijLcoi T av ov ndvv Ti vo/all^a) docpakkg elvai tovto. 

27 oQib yaQ 3tl xal ttj naTQidi fiov ov nQood-ev inav- 



LIB. VL CAP. I. 189 

OavTO TiolefiovvTsg, nqlv bioiriaav naoav rrp^ nohv 
ofioXoYBlv AaxedaifjioviovQ xal avrtbv riyafjiovag elvai. 
biel dh TOVT (h/Lcold'yrjaav, bv&vq inatjcfavzo noks- 28 
uovvTeg xal ovxeri neqa enohoQxrjOav xriv ndXiv. 
si ovv ravd'^ 6Q(bv ij^w doxoirp^ Snov dvvaifirjv h^ 
Tav&* axvQOv noulv rd ixeivcov a^iiDfJia, exelv cy- 
V0& /ATI Vfuv av xa^i^ (jwq)Qovia9'6lrp/. 8 (J" vfislg 29 
hn/oel&* 8ri ffcrov av azdaig airi ivdg of();forrog ij 
nok'k&Vy €v iO&* Sri cllXov fiev il6/ieyoL ovx bvqti- 
(S^ ifih OraOidl^ovra' vofiCQo) ydQ, Sazig h noXifiip 
&v <uaOidl^€i TiQbg oQXov^oLy roihov nQog ttjv iav- 
rov acorriQiav araoid^eiv edv d^ i/u ekriad'Sy ovx 
&v &av/idaai/ii si xtv €{Jqoit€ xal vfuv xal ifiol 
dx3'6/Lt€yov, 

^Blnel dh ravt" elns, noki) nXsioveg i^avloravro so 
Xeyoircsg &g daoi avxbv cIqx^^^* ^Ayaciag dh 2tv/ll- 
q)dhog slnev Uri yeXolov eirj, ei oirvwg exot' i] op- 
yiovvrai Aaxedai/Advioi xal edv atjvdeinvoi nov 
avve'k&dvrBg /irj Aaxedai/Lcoviov ovfinoalaQxov at- 
Q&vxai; BJtsl el oiho) ye tovt ex^i, ecprj, ovde Ao- 
X'^Lyelv rifilv e^eoriv, (bg eoixer, on Aqxddeg eO/Lisv. 
evzav&a dij d}g si elnovrog rov AyaOiov dveO-oQiJ-- 
fii]Oav. xal 6 S^oq>&v hxel eibqa nkeiovog erdiov, 3i 
nagek&ibv elnev' I4lk\ & avd^eg, eq)ri, (hg ndvv 
sidfJT, 6fJiv6o3 vfilv d-eovg ndvxag xal ndaag, ^ 
fiip^ iyd), knel xrjv vfi^eqav XQ^^^^ f^oif-avojurp^, 
edv6/Lti]v el ^ekxiov eitj v/iiv xe efiol ernxqeipai xav- 
xrpf X7i[v aQxW ^^^ ^/^^^ vnocfxfjvai' xai /lcoi ol 
S-eol oiixwg ev xoig leQolg iorj/Lcrjvav, ioOxe xal Idicb^ 



190 LIB. VI. CAP. I. II. 

Ttp^ ctv yv(bv€Uy iki rfjg fiovaQX^^^S cbiexeoS-ai fie del. 

32 oihco d'^ XeiQlooqxyy aiQovvtai. XsiQitSocpoQ d^ ensl 
flQiOr], TiaQekd^wv elnev ^AlX, & clvdQeg, rovro /luv 
X(S9^ oTt ovd^ &v eywy eoxaolaQoVy si cllXov eileaS-e' 
A^oq>(bvTa fiivTOi, eq)!], (bvriOaT oifx ^i^f^i^^or wg 
xal vt/y Je^LTinog ijdri Sie^allev ainhv ngbg ^Ava- 
^i/iiov 3 Ti edvvaro xal fia)^ s/llov avxbv aiyaCov- 
Tog. 6 d^ ecptj vofjiCQetv avxbv Tifiaoiwvi /udkkov civ 
agX^^'^ ovve&ekfiOaL Ja^davH ovxi xov KksaQXOv 

33 &tQax€Vfiaxog rj hauxo) Adxoovi ovxi. knel /lUvxoi 
Bfih sileod-^y eqyrj, xdyd) neiQcioo/Ltai 8 ri ctv dv- 
vcDjLtai v/udg dyaS-bv noielv. xal Vfialg oUro) naQa- 
oxevd'QeoS'^ &g avQiov, idv nkovg fi, dva^ofievot' 6 
dk Tilovg eoxai atg '^HQdx'keiav' anavxag oirv del 
ixelOe 7i€LQdo&ai xaxaoxelv xd d^ clkk^, ineiddv ixelo^ 
hld-w/uv, ^ovXevod/LteO^a. 

II. 'EvxevS-ev xfj vaxsQaia dvayayofievoi nvev^ 
fiaxL mkaov xaX(b 7j/Li€Qag dvo naqd 'yfjv. xal TiaQa- 
7ik€vaavT€g dcpixovx* elg "^HQdxletav nohv "^EKkrjfvida 
MeyaQecov dnoixov, ovOav rf' iv rfj MaQiavdwwv 

2 /copoc. xal d)Qjuiaavxo naQa xfi Ax^QovOiddi XeQQo- 
vTjOcp, ev&a Xeyexai 6 *^HQaxXfjg ijil xbv Kbq^bqov 
xaxa^fjvai fj vvv xd arj/Lcela dsixvvaoi xfjg xaxa- 

3 ^daewg, xb ^dd-og nXeov ij knl dvo axddia. h- 



1 TtaqaTtXeovxag i&swQOvv Z'/jv t« ^laaoviav dxxrjv, 
ev&a ij \Aqyd} 'keyerai dQfiiaaa&aiy nal tCjv Ttora^v xdc 
(TTO/iiaTa, Ttqiaxov iisv xod QeQixcjdovrog, BTtevTa dh xov 
^'Igiog, BTteixa ds xov ^!Alvogy [.isxd xovxov xov Uaod'sviov 
xofyvov de 



LIB. VI. CAP. II. 191 

ravS-a rolg "^'Eklrjoiv oi "^HQaxXecbrai ^hta ni/LtnovOiv 
akq)LT(jt)v fisSl/Lcvovg TQiOj^Movg xal oivov xcQa/iia 
diCxi^ia xal ^ovg eixoOL xal olg exardv. hxavd-a 
dia Tov nediov qbI norafiog Avxog Svo/ia, evQog 
wg dvo TiUO^Qwv, 

01 dk (UQaTiwrai avlleyivreg e/iovXevovro rrp^ 4 
loiTirp^ noQaiav noraQov xara yfjv ^ xara S-dkarrav 
XQrj TtoQsvd^ai ix tov Hdvrov. dvaOrag dh Av- 
xo)v ^Ax^tbg abiB' QavfiaQo} fih, & civdQeg, rwv 
arQaT7fy(bv 8ti ov nsiQibvTai rj/iTv exnoQiQeiv oirrj- 
Q€(fiov' ra /LL€V yoLQ ^evia ov fir] ysvrjrai tt] aTQa- 
n^ TQiwv rj/LC€Qa)v aixia' dno&ev d' iniaiTicfdjuti/OL 
noQevcfo/LcsO-ay ovx bOtiv, Bq>ri. i/iol ovv doxBl at- 
TBiv Tovg "^HQaxkBcbrag fiii klarrov ij tqlCx^Uovg 
xv^ixrp^ovg' clXlog 3^ bItib /lct] alarzov rj /LcvQiovg' 5 
xal Blo/LtBvovg TiQao^Big avxixa fiaV fifi(bv xa^rj" 
/LtBvwv Tiifinaiv TiQdg rrp^ ndXiv, xal Btdavai S tv dv 
dnay/BlXwaiy xal n^og ravra /SovkB^fBaxf-ai, ivTsv- 6 
d^Bv nQov^dXXovTo nQBoPaig tiqcjtov /lcbv XBiQiOocpov, 
on cIqx^^ fJQrjTO' bOti d^ oi xal ZBVoq)(bvza. ol (J* 
hXVQOjg dnBfidxovTo ' dfjucpolv yaQ ravr idoxBi, /lct] 
dvayxd'Caiv nohv ^Eklrp^lda xal q)iUav . o ri /urj 
avrol B&BlovTBg dtdolep, btibI d' oirot idoxovv i 
djiQoSv/ioi alvaiy niju^novai Avxiova A^aidv xal 
Kalll/Lcaxov IlaQQdaiov xal Ayaalav 2^Tv/iq)dXiov. 
oixoi Bk&ovTBg bIb^ov rd dBdoy/tcBva' xbv dh Av- 
xwva BCpaoav xal inanBiXslv, bI fii] noirjOoiBv ravra. 
dxovaarvBg (J' ol "^HQaxlBwrai /SovlBVOBCfS-ai Bq)aaav' 8 
xal BV&vg rd tb xQVI^^^'^^ ^^ '^^^ dyqibv avvijyov 



192 LIB. VI. CAP. II. 

xal TTiv dyoQav eiOw dveoxevaoav, xal ai niiXai 
kxixkrprco xal kil rtbv tbixojv bTtka iq)aiveTO. 
9 ^Ex TOVTov ol TaQ&^avxeg ravra rovg axQa- 

rrfyovQ ffti&vro diaq>&eiQ€iv xrp^ TiQd^iv' xal cwir- 
cravS-^ ol lAQxadeg xal ol ^A^OH'OL* TiQOBcOrrixei di 
/Lidhat* avTwv KaU.liuax6g S-^ 6 IlaQQ&aiog xal Av- 

10 xiDv 6 Axaiog. ol di Xdyoi iioav avTolg, &g alaxQdv 
eif] cIqx6iv Idd^alov UeXonovvrjalajv dia Aaxsdai- 
fidviov, firjde/ilav dvvafiiv JiaQexd/iterov slg ziiv 
OTQaTidVf xal rovg fihv novovg Cq)dg ex^iv, xa dk 
XBQdrj akkovg, xal ravra rijv OartriQiav Cq)(bv xar-- 
eiQ/aa/bUyayy' slvai ydcQ roi)g xareiQyaO/^ivovg Aq-- 
xddag xal Axaiotig, rd d* clilo Crgdrev/ia oidkr 
alvai — xal r[v dh rfi dhriS-eic^ imhq tJ/lllOv rov 

11 (nQarev/LLarog Agxddeg xal Axaiol — el ovv (Xco- 
cpQovoley, avrol CvOrdvreg xal OrQarriyovg ekofiei^oi 
eavr&v xa&^ eavrovg &v rijv TiOQsiav noiolvro xal 

12 nsiQ^vr dyaS-ov ri Xafi^dveiv, ravr edo^s' xal 
dnoXindvreg XeiQioog)ov et riveg • '^Oav TiaQ* airrcp 
Agxddeg ij Axaiol xal Sevotpwvra atrysOrrjOav xal 
OrQarrjyovg algovvrat eavribv dexa' rovrovg d^ 
hpricpioavr ex rfjg vixworjg 8 ri doxolrj rovro 
noielv. 

13 Sevo(p&v /Lcevroi i^ovkevo xoivfi (xetd rwv 
alXiov rrjv noQelav notelod^aiy vofiS^wv oilrcog dcxgpa- 
XeOregav civ eirai ij Idlq, exaorov areXlea&ar dXld 



12 fj ^Bv oiv rov navrdg dg^^ XeiQt(y6q)(p ivra^d^a 
Kazskvxhf] ^fieqcjc eKTrj fj k^dd^rj dqi* ^g fjQe&rj. 



LIB. VI. CAP. II. 193 

NeiDv hiBcS-Bv avzbv xaS-^ avrdv noQevBOd-aiy dxoijOag 
rov XBCQia6q)0Vy on KUavdQog 6 h BvCavrlq) &q/mo- 
Crrjg (pairj TQtrjQBig bxo)v tj^biv eig Kdhttjg h/MBva* 
Sniog ovv /itidBig fi^aaxoiy d}X avrol xal ol avrwv u 
CTQariwrai ixTilevOBiav ml rwv TQirjQCDVy did ravra 
ovvB^o^kBVB. xal XBiqiOocpogy iifia fikv d&vfi(bv 
roig yByBrri/MBvoLg y ci/ua ds /uiowv ix rovrov to 
CTQdiBVfiay eniTQBTCBi avTw tioibIv a Ti ^ovXetai. 
ABvocpibv (J' 6Tt fiBV iTtBxeiQtiOsv dnailayBlg rrjg 15 
OTQaridg ixTiXsvaar Sxfo/LC€vcp cJ' avT(p rib tf/Bfidvi 
^HQaxlBi xal xoivovfih(jpy norsQa ktpov xal oifieivov 
Bii] arQar€V€(S&ai B/om rovg TiaQa/Luivavrag rcbv 
CTQariWTwv 7] dnaiXdTTBC&aiy BOrifirp^Bv 6 S-Bbg rolg 
evaiQoig ovoTQarBVBO&ai. oikco yiyvBtai rb (nQdrsv-- 16 
/la TQtxay j^Qxddsg /llbv xal ^A^aiol nkBiovg ^ Tfrpa- 
xioxihoi xal TtBVTaxoOioty bnlXrai ndrTBg, Xbiqi-- 
o6(p(p (J' onlirat /ibv Big TBTQaxoaiovg xal ;f£A/of 5, 
TiBkcaOral cJ' Big hiTaxooiovg, 01 KUdQX^^ OQaxBg, 
ABvocpibvTi (J' oTiUrai fihv Big biraxoaiovg xal ;f£- 
Xiovgy TtBlraaral rf' Big TQiaxoaiovg' Innixby dh (jlo- 
vog ovTog bIx^^ d/ucpl rovg TeiTaQdxovS-^ InnBag. 

Kal ol fiBv l^Qxa^Bg dianQa^djUBvoi nloia na^d 17 
r&v ^HQaxkBcorwv tiqwtoi nlBovOiVy onwg B^aicpv^g 
miTiBaovTBg rolg Bi&vvolg kd^oiBv bri nlBiOra' xal 
dno^aivovoir Big Kdkfirig ki/uva xard fiioov nov 
rrjg 0Qdxrjg. XBiQioocpog rf' BvSijg dnb rfjg ndkBiog 18 
Twv ^HQaxkBonwv uQ^d/MBVog tibCtj btioqbvbto did 
rrjg x^Q^S' btibI d^ Big rrjv O^axTfy Bvi/^akBy nagd 
rriv S-dlarrav fJBi' xal yd^ i^oS-bvbi. S^ospibv dh 19 

Xenophontis Anabasis. 13 



194 LIB. VI. CAP. II. III. 

nloTa Xa^div dnofiaivei km xa i)Qia rfjg OQdxrjg 
xal TTJg ^HQaxleanidog xal dia /LL€aoyeiag sjioQevsTo, 
III. ^'EjiQa^av (J' airtibv BKaoroi rade. ol fikv 
lAQxadeg wg dne^tjcfav vvxrog eig Kdhttjs ki/ih^a, 
noQevovrai €ig rag n^ibrag x(bfiag, Oradia anb xf-a- 

2 Idrrrig wg TQidxovra. biei di q)(bg iyivero, rfyev 
exaOTog 6 (TtQaTTjydg rbv avrov koxov hit x(bfir[k^' 
Snola 6€ fieCC^oiv edoxei slvai, avvdvo loxovg rfyov 

3 oi 0TQaTT]yoL Cvve^dXlovro de xal l6q)ov, eig oi' 
deoi Ttdvrag aki(^eO&ar xal ax e^aiq>vT]g ktmsOor- 
TBg avd^dnodd re n6)X hla/Sov xal nQo^axa 7io)Xa 

4 TiBQiepdlovTo. ol dk 0Qax6g tiS-QOiQovd-^ ol diaq)V' 
yovTsg' noXkol d* d7i€q)vyov Tiektaoral ovreg onXirag 
i^ avTibv Tibv ^hqvjv. btih dh Ovve'keyriOaVy ttqw- 
Tov fisv to) SjLLixQrjTog koxcp, svbg ribv l4Qxdd(or 
arQarrjywv, dncom ijdr] elg ro avyxsifievov xal Tiokka 

5 ;fp^/^aT' ayovTL kmiiS'^TaL. xal rewg fihv e/Ltdxoyro 
ci/Lia 7ioQ€v6/Lt€voi ol ^'EkXtjveg, enl dh dia^daei x^' 
QdS^ag rQSJiovrai avrovg, xal avrov re rov Sui- 
XQiffta dnoxTivvvaOi xal rovg akkovg ndrrag' dXlov 
Ss kdxov TOV "^HyrjOdvSQOV dxrw fiovovg hliTtov 

6 xal avTog "^HytjOavd^og iawS-tj. xal ol cllkoi dk Ad- 
Xoi avvfiX&ov ol fihv Ovv nQdyfiaOiVy ol d^ avev 
TiQay/LcdTWv' ol de O^axeg kneel rjvriJXTjOav rovro 
rd n)TVXTifiay avvs/^ocov t dXXtjXovg xal ovveXiyovro 
iQQW/uivcjg rrjg vvxrog. xal au Tj/LteQcc xvxhp tibqI 
rov XocpoVy evS-^ ol "^'EXXrjvsg iorQaronede^ovr , irdr- 
rovro xal Innijg noXXol xal nsXraOrai, xal del 

7 TiXsioveg ovveQQBov' xal nQoae^alXov TiQog rovg 



LIB. VI. CAP. III. 195 

inUras doq)aXd)g' ol fihv yaQ "^'EHrp^sg ovre ro^orrfy 
sl/ov ovT dxovTiOTTjv ovS-^ tjiTtia' ot dh nQoa&B" 
ovreg xal TiQoOelavvovrsg rpt6vTiC,ov' onors rf' av- 
rolg inioisv, Qccdicog d7i€q)€vyov' cckloi (J' ciklj] kTiB- 
riS-svto. xal tAv [xhv nolXol eriTQcbcJxovTo, rwv s 
<J' ovdeig' wore xivriS^vai ovx edvvavr' ex rov ;fa>- 
^ioVy alld reXevTibvTeg xal and rov vdarog bIq^ov 
cvTovg ol 0Qax6g, btibI <J' anoQia nolXi] fp/, Si~ 9 
^liyovTo tibqI anovdwv xal xa fihv aiX (b/Ltoloyrp:^ 
<xvToIg, ofiriQovg d^ ovx ididocJav ol O^axBg alroiiv^ 
TO}v r(bv ^EXXrivcov, dXV iv rovrm iOxbto. ra /uhv 
dri T(bv It^Qxddwv ovTO)g bIxb. 

XBiQlooq)og (J' doq)aXwg noQBvd/LCBVog naQo. S^d- 10 
Xarrav dq)ixvBhai Big KdXnrjg Xifiha. SBvoq)(bvTi 
dh Std rfjg fiBOoyBiag noQBVo/LtBnp ol Ijinfjg xara- 
S-BovTBg £m;y;f«i^ot;(TA nQBO^ihaig TtoQBVo/LtBVoig not. 
xal btcbI rJxS^oav naqd S^ocp(bvxaj BQwra avroijg, 
si nov iJaS^vTai aXXov axQaxeifzarog ovrog "^EXXtj^ 
vixov. ol d' hlsyov ndvra ra yByBvri/Miva, xal vvv 11 
Hzi noXioQXovvtai enl X6q)ov, ol dk 0QaxBg ndvxBg 
nBQiXBXvxXwjLtBvoi bIbv avTovg. hrav&a rovg /lcbv 
dLvS-Qibnovg rothovg BqiiXarcrsv loxvQtbg, oncog riyB^ 
fiovBg bIbv Bi nov dioi ' axonovg di xaraOri^cfag avv~ 
^Xb^b rovg OTQaxKbrag xal bIb^bv' ^'AvdgBg OrQari- I'j 
wrac, r(bv ^Qxddtov ol /mbv XBdi^adiv, ol dh Xomol 
BTil X6q>ov Tivbg noXiOQXovvrai. vofiiQo) d^ Byo)y% 
st bxbIvoi dnoXovvraVy ovd^ rifjuv Bivat ovdBfiiav act)- 

TTjQlaV, OVTCt) jLCBV 7toXXd)V OVTCOV TWV TZoXb/MICDV, 

ofJra) Sb TBS-aQQtjxoTwv. XQdriOxov ovv rj/uv <bg i;> 

13* 



196 LIB. VI. CAP. III. 

Tcyftotra /Sori&elv roTg dvdQaOiv, oticds €i m dal (T<j>, 
airy hceivoig /lax^/^S'Ot xal /Ltrj /lovoi Xeicp&hriBg. 

16 fidvoi xal xivdvreijwfiev. iifjmg yaQ oJiodQai/iev 
&v ovda/Lcol ivd-ivds* noilri /uev yaQ, Bq>ri, eig ^HQa-- 
xXeiav nakiv oTiiirai, tioXXtj (f eig XqvOotioXiv 
diekS-elv ol dh noki/uoi nXtiolov eig Kdkncr]g dk 
h/Liivay evd-a XsiQiooq)ov dxoQofi^ elvai, el (TacTco- 
Taif ekaxlffTTj 6d6g. dkka dt] exel /lev oihe nkold 
iOTiv olg dnonkevao/LceS-a, fievovOi rf' avrov ovde 

17 /Lcidg rifiBQag eti xdnixrideia. tAv dh nohoQXov^ 
^ /uevayy dTtoko/Luveov avv rolg XeiQio6q>ov /LLovoig 

x&Xiov iiTci diaxtvSuveveiv ij rdryds awd-emor nav^ 
Tag eig ravrdv eXS-ovrag xoivfj Tfjg oanriQiag e^eoS-ai. 
dkXd X9V ^otQ^ffxevao/Ltevovg tipf yvibfirp^ noQev-^ 
ecS-ai ibg vuv rj evxletbg rekevrijoai eoxiv ^ xaX- 
Juinov eQyov i^doaoS-ai ^'Ukrp^ag roaoiJTOvg aw-- 

18 Oavrag. xal 6 S-ebg lOwg ayei oiriwg, og roig 
/leyakriyoQiqOaPTag (bg TiXeov g)QovovvTag zajieivwaai 
^ovkeraif rifidg dh rovg djib r&v S-ewv dQX^/^^^S 
evTifKyieQovg exeivcor xaTaarfjOai. diX enceod-ai XQ'h 
xal TtQooix^iv roy voiry, (bg ay to naQayyeiXo/ieyov 

14 dvytjO&e Ttoieiy. vvy fiey ovv (nQaTOTiedevCfb/LLeS'a 
nQoeXd-oyxeg Hoov ay doxfj xaigdg eivai eig rd dei^ 
TtyonoielaS-ar h'log^ (J* ay TfOQevw/ueS-a, Tifiaciory 
ex^^y Tovg kineag TiQoelavyha} ig>oQibv rifiag xal 
Oxo:ieiT(o rd efA:iQoad'eyy wg firfiky ri/iag kdOrj. 

15 TavT eiriiby ffyeiro. TiaQhieutpe dh xai rwr 
yv/uyf(Tioy dyS'Qd}:iovg ev^ibrovg eig rd nkdyia xal 
eig rd axQa, b:ta)g h nov li :to3'ey xaS-oQibey, aij^ 



LIB. VI. CAP. III. 197 

fialvoiev* ixiisve dk xdeir cijiavS-^ Srq) hnvyx^" 
voisv xavoijutp. ol d^ InnfiQ OTtsiQd/Lcevoi iq)^ boov 19 
xaXwQ el/s, xal ol neXraOral inma^iovreg xara 
rdc axQa k'xaov 7idv&* Hoa xavoi/Lta hwQwv, xal 
rj OTQartd dsy si rivi naQaXemo/Ltevip hrvyxdvouv 
wcxe naOa ri x^Q^ aid-soO-ai idoxei xal rd (nQa- 
TBVfia noXv eJvai. inel d* WQa f[y, xax eCXQar otib-' 20 
devoavto kil X6(pov ix/^dvrsg, xal rd re T(bv Tto- 
ke/LiicDV nvQa iibQajv, dnelxov d* wg rerraQdxovra 
cradiovgy xal avrol wg idvvavro Ttlslora nvgd 
exaav. inel d* ideinvrjOav rdxiora, TiaQrjyyiXS^ ra 21 
TiVQa xatao/Sevvvvai ndvra. xal rT]v /ikv vvxxa 
cpvXaxag Tcovrfidfi^oi ixdS-evdov afia dh rfj Tlf>i^Q(f 
nQoaev^d/LLevoi roig S-solg, ovvra^d/Lterot wg eig fid- 
Xtjv snoQevovd-^ fj idvvavto rdxiora. Ti/Lcaaicov de 22 
xal ot Innfjg sxovreg rovg riYBfiovag xal TiQoeXav- 
vovreg iXdvS-avov avrovg hil rip Xogxp ^eyo/Ltevoi, 
evd^^ inoXioQXovvro ol "^'EkXtivsg. xal oi)x oqwoiv 
ovre q>iXiov or^drevfia ovrs noXafiiov, y^ddia dh 
xal ysQovria xal ngd^ar^ dXiya xal fiovg xaraXs^ 
Xsififihovg. xal rb fiky tiq&tov S-avfia '^v rl eirj 23 
rd yeysrri/uvov, hteira dh xal rwv xaraXeXei/bt/Mivwr 
mDvS-dvovrOy bri ol /Lchv Ogaxeg eid^hg d(p iancQag 
^/orr* dmovteg, ewS-sr dh xal roi)g "EXXrjvag €q)a'' 
oav oYxBoS-ai* Snoi di, ovx eldivai. 

Taxrt dxovcavrsg ol dfiqA A^oq)(bvray inel 24 
riQiOrriOaVy av0X€va(Pi/uvoi enoQetJOvro,' ^ovXdfi^oi 
wg Tcyfiotra avfjifil^ai^ roig clXXoig slg KdXjirig Xi/uva. 
xal 7ioQ€v6/U€voi iwQwv rdv aii^ov rwv ^Aqxddwv 



200 LIB. VI. CAP. IV. 

TiQaxTBiv. ToiovToi ovv ovTBQ indS-ouv Big rip^ ^Ek" 
kdda OtoCeoS-ai. 
9 ^Ejieidij dk devriQa '^/liga fyereto riyg slg rav^ 

rdv OwodoVy hi i§6d(p idijeto S^ofpAv* avayxri 
yaQ fiv mi TaTUTrfieia B^Aysiv* inevdsi di xai rovg 
v&CQOvg S-ojiTBiv. btibI dh ra iBQa ij^iveto, bltiovto 
xod ol l4QxddBg, xal rovg fih VBXQoi^g rovg nlBi-- 
&tovg Bv&anBQ bjibOov BxaOroi B&aipav rjdi] yctQ 
riOav TiBjLLTiTaioi xal ov^ ol6v x avaiQBlv sxi rp^' 
Bviovg dh Tovg ix rwv Sdwv avvBVByxovrBg BO-aifmv 
BX T(bv vnaqx^vroyy (bg i&uvavro xakkioxa' ovg dh 
jLCTj TjVQiaxov, XBvoTdq)iov avTolg enolrioav fiB/yay xal 

10 (TTBqxivovg kiid-BOav. ravxa dh noiriOavTBg dvBXfo- 
QTiOav hit TO OTQatoTiBdov. xal roTB /uhv dBinn^" 
OavTBg BXoi/LLTj$^Oap. rfj d* vaxBQaia awfjXdvv ol 
(JTQaTiarvai ndvTBg' ai/vfj^B dh fjudXiOz* ^Ayaaiag tb 
STV/iq)dhog loxaybg xal ^iBQWvv/^og ^HkBiog koxa-- 

11 'ybg xal ailoi ol TiQBa/Svraroi r(bv Aqxddatv. xal 
doyfia hioirfiavTOy kdv rig rov koinov /Lcvria&fj dixa 
TO aTQdTBV/Lta TioiBiv, S-avdzcp airtbv ^tijuiovaO-ai, 
xal xard x^Q^^ dnihai fpiBQ nQooO-Bv bIxb to axQa^ 
TBV/Lta xal ccQx^^^ rovg 7TQ6a3'Bv OTQarriyovg. xal 
XBiQiOocpog fihv ijdrj hetBlBVTTjXBi q)dQ/Maxov ni(bv 
nvQervary' rd d^ bxbIvov Nbojv Aoivalog naQiXa^B. 

12 Mevd dh raiyt dvaotdg bItib S'Bvoq)(bv* ^£1 aV- 
dQBg CTQaridnai, ttjv fihv noQBiaVy oyg boixb, tibZ}] 
noiriftBov' ov yaQ boti nloia' drdyxri dh noQBVBO&ai 
ijdri' ov yaQ bOti fiBvovd rdnvtridBia. "^fuig O'dv, 
Bq)Ti, Svoo/LCBd-a' vfiag dh dsl naQaaxBvd^BCS'av wg 



LIB. VI. CAP. IV. 201 

/LLaxovfievovg ei tiotb xal aXXora* ot yaQ noH/iioi 
dvcae&aQQTixaOiv. ex rovrov iS-vovS-^ ol (JTQaTTj- 13 
yoi, fidvTiQ dh naQfjv I^qtj^iiov ^Aqx&s' 6 dh Sila-- 
vog 6 A/LcnQaxiwTtjg rjSrj dneSedQaxei nlolov /uia&w^ 
odiusvog i§ "^HQaxkeiag. S-vofievoig cJ' ml rfj dq)6dip 
ovx iyiyveto xd le^d. ravrriv fibv ovv rijv rjfiBQav 
inavOavTO. xai riveg jhoX/MCov kiyeiVy d)g 6 Zevo(p(bv 14 
^ovko/zBrog xb ;fa;p/oy olxioai nensixe rov fidvxiv 
XeyeiVy (bg td Isgd ov yiyverai ki dcpodcp. hxev^ 15 
S-Bv XTjQV^ag xfi avQiov naQslvai enl xrjv S-voiav 
xbv l3ovk6/LtevoVy xal fidvxig ei xig-eXri, jiaQayyeiXag 
naqelvai wg ovvd-sadoftevov xd h^d, eSnjs' xal cV- 
xav&a TiaQfjOav noHoi. S-vofievip de ndhv etg XQtg 16 
inl xfi dq)6d(p ovx iyiyvBio xd Is^d. ix xovxov 
}(ak6n(bg eixov ol OXQaxiibxai' xal ydp xdnixrjSeia 
kiiXmev a e^ovxeg rik&ov, xal dyoQd ovdsfiia naQfjv. 

^Ex xovxov OvveXd-ovxiov eins ndkiv A€voq)a)v' n 
'i2 avd^eg, iitl /ikv xfj noQsla, &g oqdxhy xd hqd 
ov7t(o yiyveiai' x(bv (J* eTzixrideieDv oqco v/zag dso- 
jLcivovg' dvdyxri ovv fioi doxel eivat xhjeod-ai ticqI 
avxov xovxov. dvaoxdg xig ei7i€' Kal eixoxojg is 
«p' ri/ulv ov yiyrsxai xd i€Qd' wg ydQ iydf and 
xov avxofidxov x^^S ijxovxog nloiov ijxovad xivog, 
KUaydqog 6 ex Bv^avxiov dQfwaxrjg fiekkst rj^eiv 
Tikola xal XQiriQBig €/coy. kx xovxov d' dva/LUvsiv 19 
jiikv ndciv sdoxer knl dh xdncx'^deia dvdyxri fp^ i§~ 
livai. xal inl xovxtp ndhv iSnjeto elg xQig, xal ovx 
iyiyvsTO xd iegd. xal '^Stj xal inl axriv7]v ioi^xeg 
xriv Zsvotpwvxog ileyov bxi ovx axoiev xdnixi^deia. 



20 J LIlj. VI. CAP. IV. 



leQiov. 



20 Kcd ndhv rf] varsQaia i&veto, xal a^^ddv Tt 

Tiuaa i) acQUTia dia rd /lileiv tinaaiv ixvxlovno 
7it{)l ra h()d' to. di O-viiaT^ kTieleXoiTiei. ol de CTQa- 

*2i Tijyol i§f]yor f.iev oii, avvexdlsoav de, bItibv ovv 
!^tvo(pihy' "lacog ol noleuioi owetlsy/usvoi slal xal 
apdyxti /Lid/eafhai' d ovv xarahnovTeg ra oxevrj h 
Tip i{)Viirih /coQiip d)g eig /tidxTiv 7ia(j€OXBva(ffiivoi 

22 Yoiuei'y iaco^ uy rd Upd TrQoxcoQoirj rjulv. dxov^ 
Oayrsg d' ol OrffaraoTai drexQayov, ojg ovdev deoi 
tig TO ycoQiov dytiv, d'u,d it-veoO-at wg TcyfiOtof. 
xal 71 Qo (Sara fier ovxhi iiv, /Sovv &^ vcp" d/.id^^g 
TiQiduevoi iOvovTO' xal ZBVoq)(bv KlsdvoQog ids-^ihj 
TOO 'yiQxddog TXQoiyveaO-ai, si ti ev TovT(p sUtj, diX 
ovu (og eytvero. 

23 Niwy d' eTiel tWQa Tovg dvS^QcbTiovg d)g elxov 
deiPibg if] evdeiq, ^ovlo/uevog avTOig ;fap/^€a5-a£, 
tVQcov Tip^ dvO-QcoTiov ^HQaxl€dm]v, og ecpri Xibfiag 
iyyvg etdirai, bS-sv eirj la^sTv TaniTr^deia, ixi^QV^s 
Tov ^ovkojuei'ov Uvai enl TdniTtideia, wg rjye/uovog 
iaojLurov. i^a^xo^Tai dtj avv doQaTioig xal daxolg 
xal O^vldxoig xal dlloig dyyeioig eig diO^iUovg dv- 

24 it-Qcbnovg. iTteidi] d' fiaav iv Talg xibfiaig xal di~ 
BOTxeiQovTo (hg ml to Xafi^dveiv, hunlnTovOiv avroig 
ol ^PaQva^d^Qov iTiTifjg TrQWTOL' ^e^oriOi^xoTeg ydf) 
ipav Toig BiS-vvoig, ^ovlojLievoi avv ToTg BiO-vvoigy 
H duvaivTO, dnoxwlvoai Tovg ''E?.Xrjvag fit] ij.O-ely 
eig TTiv fpQvyiav ovtoi ol mnfjg dnoxjeivovoi T(br 



LIB. Vl. UAr. IV. V. 203 

dvdQWv ov fielov ij nevraxoaiovg' ol dh loinol enl 
TO oQog avicpvyov, ex. rovrov dnayyiklei rig ravra 25 
Twv dJioq>V'/6rTa)v elg to orQaxonedov. xai 6 Sb~ 
vocpibvy BJiel ovx iyeyevrjzo td hgd ravrr] rfj rifjiBQCCy 
ka^wv ^Qvv vcp dfxa^r\gj ov yaQ 7\v oilX uQela, 
ocpayiaGafjLBVog i^orjO-ei xal ol dlloi ol f^e/^Qi rpta- 
xovt ki(bv anavreg, xal dvaka/^ovTeg rovg loiTiovg 26 
avd^ag elg to OTQaronedov dcpixvovvrai. xal rjSrj 
/lev dficpl Tjkiov dvcf/Lcdg riv xal ol ^'Eklrjveg /LtdV 
dd-v/uwg e^ovxeg edeiJivonoiovvTOy xal e^anivrig did 
T(bv XaOiiDV TWV BiO-v^yajv Tiveg eniyevojuevoi xolg 
7tQoq)vXa^c Tovg fiev xaTexavov, Tovg d' edi(o§av 
/le/Qi elg to GTqaTOTiedov. xal x^avyrjg yevo/uevtjg 27 
elg Td bjika ndvTeg ed^afiov ol "^'EiJkriveg* xal diibxeiv 
fiev xal XLvelv to OTqaTonedov vvxrcbg ovx d- 
aq)aleg edoxei elvar SaOea yaQ ^v Td /coQia' ev 
dh Tolg oTikoig evvxrceqevov (pvlaTTd/Ltevoc Ixavolg 
q)vXa§cv. 

V. Trjv fiev vvy^d^ ovtcd diriyayov aila dh 
rfj TifieQa ol OTQarriyol elg Td eQVfivov /^WQiov tj- 
yovvTO' ol d^ einovTo dvala^ovTeg Td onXa xal Td 
OxevTj. tiqIv rf' aQiOTov ioqav elvai, dneTacpQevaav 
fl ri eiOodog riv elg to ;fa>p/oi', xal dneOTavQwaav 
clnav, xaTahnovTeg TQeIg nvlag. xal nXolov e^ 
'^HQaxXeiag rjxev clXq)iT dyov xal leqela xal ohov. 
7iQ(p d^ dvaCTdg Z^ocpwv eS-ver^ en e^odvoy xal yi- 2 
yv^ai rd le^d enl tov npwTOV leQeiov. xal rjdri 
relog exowcov tcov leQwv oqu aleror aidiov 6 fidv^ 
Tig ^Aqri^ioiv UaQQaOiog, xal riyelaiyai xelevei xoi' 



20J LIB. VI. CAP. IV. 

o ()' ovx uv icprj i§ayayelv /Lirj yiyvo/LiivcDv rwv 



UqGjv. 



20 Kcd Tidhv rf] varsQaia i&verOf xal C^^ddv Tt 

nuaa i] aiQacia dia rd fiileiv anaoiv ixvxlovvTO 
7ie{}l ra uqu' to. de S-viiar^ kmelskoiTiei, ol de CVQa- 

*2i T7iyol igt]yor f.ihv oii, OvvexdleOav di. slTxev ovv 
Abvocpojy' "latoQ ol 7io)Juioi aweiley/uevoi elol xal 
avdyxf] /udyeofhai' el ovv xaxahTiovrss ra oxsvr] h 
Tib iQVui'Ci) /cu(j/(o fhg eig judy^riv 7ia(^€OX€vaO/U€VOi 

22 YonieVy totog dr rd h^d TiQoyoj^oiri rjulv. dxov^ 
aavTsg d' ol OrQaruoTai dvexQayoVy &g ovdhv deoi 
eig TO yiO{)iov HytiVy dtShd H-VBOS-ai cog TdyiOTa. 
xal TJQo^ara fihv ovxhi fiv, ^ovv d* icp" djud^fi 
TXQidfjiBvoi iihjovTo' xal Zevoq)(bv KlsdvoQog idsi^ih] 
Tov ^u4i)xddog nQoO^vaaLhai, si ti iv tovtco eirj. ail* 
ouu wg eytvero. 

23 Niwy d' tTxel iw^a Tovg drS-QWTiovg ojg elyov 
dsivvjg rfi ivdeia, /Sovlo/Lievog aiToig xaQtC^od-ai, 
ei'Qcbv Tiy avO-QVjnov ^HQaxlednriVf (ig eg)ri xib/iag 
iyycQ eidkvai, oO-ev eir] la/ieiv TaniTridHay exrjQV^e 
Tdv ^oulo/Lierov ievai enl TaniTriSsiay ojg Tjyeudrog 
ioo/Lievov. i^eQyovTai drj Ovv SoQaxioig xal daxolg 
xal S-vldxoig xal alloig dyyeioig eig diOyiXiovg dv~ 

24 vf-Qibnovg, eneidri d^ fiaav ev TOig xcb/uaig xal (Ji- 
eOTiei^ovTo wg knl to la/u/Sdveiv, enminTovOiv auToig 
ol ^aQva^dX,ov Innfjg tt^cotoi' /Se/SorjihjxoTeg yaQ 
riOav Toig BiS-vvoig, ^ovkojLievot Ovv ToIg BiO^vvoig, 
el dvvaivTOy dnoxwlvOai Tovg ''Eklrjvag /it] ikO-eiy 
eig TTjv fpQvyiar' ovroi ol mmjg dnoxTeivovoi Tcbr 



LIB. Vl. UAr. IV. V. :^03 

avdq&v ov fielov i] nevraxooiovg' ol da loinol kit 
TO oQog dv€q)vyov. ix rovrov dnaj^ysXlsi rig ravra 25 
Twv ojiocpvYovTitiv stg to atQaronedov. xal 6 J?6- 
voq)(bVy STiel ovx iyeyavijto td Uqd Tavrrj rfj rifisQCfy 
ka^ojv ^Qvv vg)* a/ud^rjg, ov yd^ 7]v dXX^ upela, 
0(payiaod/Li€vog i/^oriB-et xal ol dkXoi ol /u^X9*^ TQid^ 
xoirt kivbv anavTag, xal dvala^ovxag rovg loiTiovg 26 
avd^ag alg to OTQazonadov dcpixvovvrai. xal rjd?] 
jLcav dficpl Tjkiov dvO/Lcdg riv xal ol "^'Ekh^vag fidV 
dS-Vfiiog a^ovxag adaiTivonoLovvro, xal i^aTiivrjg did 
T(bv kaoicDv Tcbv Bid-uvwv rivag aTuyavo/Mavoi xolg 
7tQog)vXa§i rovg fiav xaraxavov, roug d' adico^av 
/LC^XQi slg TO OTQaronadov. xal XQav/fjg yavo/uavTjg 27 
aig rd bnXa ndrzag ad^afiov ol "^'Ekkrivag' xal dabxaiv 
fuv xal xivalv to OTqaTonadov vvxrog ovx a- 
OcpaXag adoxai alvar daCaa ydq r[v Td ;f cop/a* av 
da Toig onXoig avvxraQavov (pvlaTTOfiavoi Ixavolg 
q)vka§iv. 

V. Trjv juav vv^d^ oika) dirjyayov' clfia dk 
Tfj Tj/LtaQa ol CTQaTTjyol aig to aQV/Ltvov /co()/oi^ 17- 
yovvTO' ol d^ ainovTo dvaXa^ovTag Td OTika xal Td 
OxavTj. tiqIv d* dQiarov WQav ahai, dn^dcpQavaav 
fl Tj ai'oodog rp^ aig to ;fcop/oi', xal dnaOTavQCoaav 
dnavy xaTaXinovTag Tqalg nvlag. xal nXolov a§ 
"^HQaxXaiag rjxav dXcpiT dyov xal laQala xal olvov. 
TiQip d* dvaordg Zavoq)wv aO-var^ in a§6d(p, xal yi- 2 
yraTai Td lagd am tov nQWTOV la^aiov. xal ijdri 
Talog ax,6vT0}v TOiv la^ajv oQa aiaTov aiOiov 6 judv-- 
Tig l^QrjSiioy UaQgdoiog, xal riyaloH^ai xalavai tov 



204 LIB. VI. CAP. V. 

8 Zeroq)d)VTa. xal dia^avtsg rrp^ xAq>Qov ra Sjila 
riS-evrai, xal ixtjQV^av aQunrjOavrag i^iirai tovq 
OTQaTiwrag ovv rolg Unloig, rov <J' ox^oy xal rdv- 

4 dqanod^ avrov xarakmelv. ot /Ltkv dt] aXkoi ndvreg 
k^cavy Niwv d* ov' idoxei yap xdlkiov elvai 
Tovrov g)vlaxa xarahnelv Tibv inl (nQaronadov. 
inel d^ 01 koxccyoi xai ol CTQaritOTai dnilsmov av^ 
rov, &g aioxwo/uvoi /tij iq)€7i€0S'ai ribv dXkwv aftdy- 
T(DVy xarikinov avrov rovg vnhQ Ttsvre xal rfrra- 
qAxovt erri. xal ovroi fihv s/ll€vov, ol 3^ clXkoi 

6 inoQevovTo. tiqIv de netrrexaidexa arddia dieXrjkv^ 
S-ivai, irhvxov ijdr] vsxQoIg' xal rrp^ ovqclv rov 
xeQarog Ttoirjad/ievoi xard rovg nQwrovg q)av€vrag 
vsxQovg €&a7tTov ndvrag, onocovg kriBkdfji^avB rb 

6 xigag. biBi dh rovg TiQcbrovg e&atpav, TiQoa^aj^ovrsg 
xal rrjv ovqdv av&ig TioitjOd/Luroi xard rovg nQib^ 
rovg rwv drdcptov h'S-anrov rov avrbv r^onov ono- 
Covg inekd/LL^avev ri Orgarid. kmel rf' elg rijv oddv 
rjxov rtjv ix rojv xw/uwv, eyO-^ €xeiv&^ a&Qooi, aw^ 
eveyxovreg avrovg k'S-aipav. 

7 ^'Hdrj dh TiBQa /leOovarjg rtjg '^/aiQag nQoaya-- 
yovreg rb arpdrev/Lta I'^co rwv xco/awv ihxfi^avov 
rdnirtideiay b ri rig oqwtj ivrbg rfig q)dXayyog, xal 
e^aiifvrig OQwai rovg noXefiiovg wieQ/Sdlkovrag xard 
Xocpovg rivdg ex rov ivavriov, reiay/Ltevovg inl qid-- 
Xayyog inneag re TtolXovg xal neCovg* xal y&Q 
STii&QiddrTjg xal *^Pa&ivrjg rjxov naqd ^aQva^aQov 

« exovreg rrjv dijvafiiv. enel dh xareldov rovg "^'Ekkri^ 
vag ol nolAfiioiy earrjoav dnexovreg avr&v Hoov 



LIB. VI. CAP. V. 205 

nevrexaldexa aradiovg. ex roirtov svO-vg l^Qti^iary 
aq)ayid'C€vaiy xal iyivero knl rov TiQwrov xaka rdc 
oq>dyia. evS-a drj Sevoq)(bv liyei' Joxsl juoi, w 9 
clvdQeg CTQOTrj'yol, sntrd^aoS-ai rfj qxila^yi Xd/ovg 
q)vlaxag, IV Sv nov defj, &aiv ot tii/^orjS^aovreg rfj 
q>AXay^i xal ol noli/Lcioi retaQay/iivoi i/MninrwOiv 
iig retay/Lcivovg xal dxsQaiovg. awedoxsi ravra ndaiv, 
^Yfjmg /iky rolvuv, €q)ri, nqoriyBta&e r7]v n^bg rovg lo 
eyartlovg, wg /lltj iat /ixijo/llsv , krcel wcpS^/iev xal 
€ido/iey rovg noXafiiovg* iyo) d^ rj^o) rovg rekevraiovg 
Idxovg xaTax(OQioag fpisQ vfilv SoxsL ix rovrov ii 
ol fiky "flOvxH TtQofjyov, 6 dk TQeig dq)ekwv rag re- 
kevTolag rd^eig dvd diaxoolovg ardqag rrjv jukr iTil 
rd ds§i&y inhQetffBr BcpeTcea&ai dnohnovrag wg nki- 
S-Qov* 2a/u6lag ^Axaibg rathrig tjqx^ '^VS td^eojg* 
T^ d* tul Tcp /Liiacp 6X(bQiasv meaO-ai' UvQ^iag 
jiQxdg raiLrtrig tiqx^* "^W ^^ /^/ay ijil rat svcovv/Mp' 
^Qaotag u49ijyaiog ravrrj Bq>eiaxrixBi. nQoiovteg di, 12 
inel iyirovd-^ ot "^yovfievoi inl vdjtsi fuydXip xal 
dvOnoQipy eoxrioav dyvoovvrsg at diafiariov eitj rd 
vdnog. xal TtaQsyyvibOi (TtQarriyovg xal ko^ayovg 
TiaQiivai inl rd rjyov/uBrov. xal 6 Zevoipwv xf-atM 13 
fidoag 8 rt rd icxov sYri rrjv noQeiav xal raxv 
dxov(ov riiv naQBYydrp^y iXavvei fi rdxi^a. biel 
dh ot/vfjkS'ov, kiyei 2!oq)aivetog nQBa^vraxog &v 
r&y CrQarTjy&Vy iki ^ovlfjg ovd^ a^iov bUtj, el dia-- 
fiariov iorl roiovrov vdnog. xal 6 S^oq)<bv onov- 14 
dfi v7toka/3d)v ele^ev' ^A)X Xare fih (ley & clvdpeg, 
ovdeva 710) xivdwov nQo^ev^oavS-^ v/lcIv eS-eXovatov 



206 LIB. VI. CAP. V. 

oi) yaQ do^Tjg oqoj deouevovg v/uag elg avdQBi&crjzay 
15 a)Xa acoTTjQiag, vvv rf' ovrcog ex^i' d/LLaxsl fihv h~ 
&ivd^ ovx ear IV ctTisl&eTv' i]v yap fii] rifielg itofuv 
€711 rovg Tioleuiovg, ovxoi riulv, bnorav dnlw/ieVy 
IG BifJovTai xal eTTiTieOouvTai, oQctzs Sij noreQOV XQshrov 
iivai em rovg ardqag TiQO^alo/ievovg rd onla rj 
fisra^alouivovg othoS^sv ij/Lcwv kiiovrag rovg no- 

17 leuiovg dlegaaS-ai. icTve fievroi on to /llsv dmevai 
djio nolsjLiiwv ovdevl xak(b eoixs, to rf' scpeJisoS'ai 
xal Tolg xaxioOi S^d^Qog efinouL syo) yovv rjSiov 
av Ovv fiLiiaeaLv iniolrjv i] Ovv Smlaoioig ajro/co- 
Qoiriv, xal rovrovg old^ bri mi6vto)v /Lcev riuibv 
oifd' vjLielg ilnH^er^ av da^ao&ai rifidg, dniovrcDv ds 

18 Tidvreg mKUd/usd-a on rol/zi^aovOiv B(fhieO&cti. to 
dh dia^avrag orndS-ev vdnog pfaAcTroi' Ttoii^aaaS-ai 
/Liillovrag /idxeoO^ai aQ* ov/l xal aQTxdoai a^iov; 
Tolg /Ltev yaQ noXefiioig SYOi /^ovXol/btrjv av evnoQa 
navxa cpaivecS-ai oiof' d7tox(OQ€lv' rifjidg dh xdnb 
rov xojQiov del diddoxeod-ai, bn ovx eOri /Ltrj vi~ 

19 Xibai aiorriQia. S-avfiaQo) d^ eyioye xal rd vdjiog 
TOVTo ei Tig fidilov q)oPeQbv vofiiQei elvai r(bv 
dlliov (bv dianenoQev/LteS^a x^qIcov. nwg yaQ dfj 
dia^arov to nediof, el /utj vixtjOo/iev rovg Inneag; 
Tiwg d^ a dielrjlvO-a/uev oqi], ffv nektaGxal roaoid^ 

20 ecpenoyvrai; ijv ds dr] xal acvS-cb/Ltev ml S^dXarrav, 
Tiodov ri vdnog b JJovrog; evS-^ ovre nXola eOri rd 
dnd^ovra ovre (flrog & S-Qeipo/ieS-a /Lcevovreg, deri^ 
Oei diy fiv S-avtov exel yevw/aeS^a, S-drrov ndXiv 

21 e^ievai enl rdnwrideia. ovxovv vvv xqelrrov i^qi- 



LIB. VI. CAP. V. 207 

Crrjy.6rag f.idxso&ai i] avQiov avaQiarovg, avdQsg, 
rd iy i€Qd rijuiv xald oi r oiovol aioioi ra re 
Cpayia yAXhara' icojuer enl rovg ardgag, ov del 
tTL rovTOvg, enel riudg TCQoaLovTag aldovy rideojg 
dtinv^Oai ov3^ otiov civ O-ilooi OXTjvfjoai. 

^EvTSvO-ev ol loxayol TiYelaS-ai iyJ)^vov, xal 22 
ovdelg avreleys, xal og rjyelro, naQayysiXag dia- 
^aivBLv fi exaOrog irvy/avs rov vdnovg iov S-drrov 
yoLQ a&Qoov idoxei av ovroj neQav yeveaS-ai to 
aTQdrsvjLca rj el xard ttjv yiipvQav, rj em tw vdnei 
rjVf e^e/urjQVovro. enei de Ste^rjOav, naQitbv naqd 2.3 
rr]v (pdlayya eXeyev' ^'Avd^eg, dva/Lti/u.v^oxeaS'* oaag 
di] jLidxag avv rolg O-eoig ouoO^ iovreg vevixrixaTe 
xal ola ndo/^ovGiv ol 7io}^fiiovg (pevyovregj xal roi/t 
ervotiOaS-^ on enl ralg S-VQaig Ttjg '^E)lddog eOfisv. 
u}X meoS-^ riyeuovL to) ^H^axlel xal dllrjlovg na^a- 24 
yM)MT ovouaOri. ridv roi dvdQelov tl xal xaldv 
vvv elnovra xal noitiOavra fivriurjv olg Tig eS-ekei 
na^exBiv eavrov. ravra naQelavvwv ekeye xal cl/Lt 25 
vcpriyelTO enl cpdXayyog, xal rovg nelraardg exaTe- 
QO)&ev noirjod/Lievot enoQevovr enl rovg noXeiulovg. 
naQTjyyelro de ra /Ltev doQara enl ribv de^i(bv 
vjfimv exsiv, ecog arj/zaivoi rfj adXmyyr enetra (J* 
etg nQo/^oXrjv xaS-evrag eneoS-ai ^ddtjv xal firideva 
d^dfim didjxeiv. ex rovrov Ovvihj/Lta naQijei Zevg 
OfjDTTiQy ^HQaxXfjg rjye/itibv, ol de noXefiioi vnefievovy 
vofjLiQovreg xalov ex^iv rb x^qiov. inel ()" enXtj- 26 
oial^ov, dXald^avreg ol "^'ElXrjveg neXraOral e&eov 
enl rovg nokejuiovg, nqiv riva xe)^veiv' ol de no)J~ 



208 LIB. VI. CAP. V. 

fiioi dvrioi WQ/UTiOaVy oi tS-' InTifig xal rb (TTTq)og 

27 T(bv BiS-wwv* xal r^movrai rovg TtskTaardg, dUJ 
ejtfl VTiTjvriaCev t] (paXay^ rmv dnhrwv ra^v tto- 
Qevo/LUVT] xal ci/^ tj aahny^ ecpS-ey^axo xal knaia- 
viQov xal fiecd rax/v* rjkdXaCov xal cl/ia ra doQara 
xa&UaaVy evravd-* ovxhi iSi^avS-^ ol TtoH/Ltioiy dXXa 

28 ycpevyov. xal Ttfiaaiwv fikv «/cai' rovg Inniag ecpai- 
necoy xal dnexriwvoav HoovoneQ iSvvavro d)g dXiyoi 
ovTBg, Twv 3k TioXe/uiwv rb fikv evtbvvfiov ev&vg 
dieand^Tj, xaS-^ o ol ^'EHrp^eg tnTifjg ^aav, rb de 
da^ibv ax ov Ocpddqa diwxo/Ltevov inl X6q)ov airy" 

29 iazi]. end d^ eldov ol ^'EkXrp^eg vnofiivovrag avrovgy 
idoxsi QaOTov T€ xal dxivSworarov elvai tivai 
rjdt] in airtovg. naiavioavreg ovv BvSvg enexeiv- 
TO* ol d^ ovx vnifjiBivav. xdvTav&^ ol nektaoxai 
ediiDXoVy fi^ixQ^ ^^ de^ibv av dieondQTj' dnaO-avov 
d^ oUyot* rb yd^ Innixbv cpo^ov naQSt^s rb rojv 

80 noXs/LLicDv, end (J' sidov ol ^'Ukrp^sg to re ^aQva- 
^oQov Innixbv m avvsozrjxbg xal rovg BiSnjvovg 
Inneag ngbg roirro avvad-QoiQofiivovg xal dnb Ad- 
cpov Tivbg xaraS-sw/uivovg ra yiyvo/ueva, dnsiQti- 
xsaav fievy o/uwg (J* iSdxsi xal inl rovrovg heov 
elvai ovrwg bncog dvvaivzo, (bg /irj reS-aQQTjX&reg 

31 dvanavoaivro. ovvra^d/i^eyai Sri noQCiJovrai, ev^ 
T€V&ev ol noXi/Ltioi Innfjg <psvyovoi xard rov yrpa- 
vovg ofiolwg woncQ vq)* Innewv dKOXo/Ltsvor vdnoy 
yaQ airtovg vneSs/eio, o ovx fjSsOav ol ^'Ekkrp^sg, 

32 dkXd nQoansTQdnovro Sccbxovreg' dtps yd^ ijv. eyr- 
avekd^ovTeg d' ev&a rj nQibxi] ov/ll^oXti eysvero. 



LIB. VI. CAP. V. VL 209 

aTTjOd/aevoL TQonaiov dnfjoav ml d-dkarrav tisqI 
riUov dvo/Lidg' arddioi d* rfiav d)g k^xovr hit rd 
OTQaronedov, 

VI. ^EvTsvS-sv 01 fiiv TtoXi/uioi bI/^qv dju(pl rd 
iavTibv xal dnriyovxo xal rovg olxhag xal rd /p^- 
fizcta Unoi idvvavro nQooondxio' ol d^ "Ekkrp^eg 
TXQoOBfiBvov /Ltkv KHavdQov xoi rdg TQiriQsig xal rd 
Tilola wg rj^ovra, e^iovrag d^ ixdCTTjg rifiBQag Ovv 
Tolg vnoQvyioLg xal rolg dvdQanodoig e(p£QOvro d- 
deibg nvQovg xal XQiS^dg, olvov, dan^ia, /LuXlvag, 
Ovxa' anavra yd^ dyad-d bIxbv tj x^Q^ 7ikr]v ikaiov. 
xal oTioTB /LLBV xarafiBvoL TO OTQarBV/Lta dvanavo- 2 
fXByoVy B^fjv BTil kBiav uraiy xal ildfi^avov ol £^- 
idvTBg' oTtoTB (J' B^ioi Ttav t6 OTQdrBV/ua, bX Tig 
X^Qlg dnaXS-vDV kd/^oi ri, drifiooiov Mo^bv Bivau 
r]dri <f ijv noilri TtdvrcDV dcpO-ovia' xal ydg dyogal 3 
ndvro&Bv dq)ixvovvto bk twv ^Ulrp^idcov 7i6Xbwv 
xal ol naQanXBOvTBg do/uavoi xaxriyovTy dxovovTBg 
wg oixi^oiTO ndhg xal ki/LtTjv bitj, BJia/LiTior (f of 4 
noXi/btioi i]dri oi nXrjoiov cixovv nqbg SBvoq)(bvTa, 
dxovovTBg on ovrog noXi^Bi rd /(OQioVy BQwrctbvTBg 
8 Ti deoL Tioiovvrag cpllovg alvat, 6 d' djiBdBixvvev 
avTovg rolg orQarimraig. 

Kdv rovT(p KXiavdQog dcpixvalrai dvo rQii^QBig 5 
Ix^^f TiXoTov d^ ovdiv. hvyxavB Sb rd orgdrBV/ua 
B^a) 8v br dq)lxBTO, xal inl kBiav rivhg oIxo/lcbvoi 
aXloa^ Big rd oQog BiXri(f>BOav ngd^ara noild • oxvovv^ 
TBg Sh /LiTj dq^aiQBd-BiBv rip JB^lnntp iByovoiv, Sg 
djiid^a rijv nevrrjXovroQov bx(ov bx TQanBQoxnnoQy 

ICeDophoDtis Anabasis. 14 



210 LIB. VI. CAP. VI. 

xal xelevovai diaOiboavx avrotg ra nQO^ara ra 

6 fikv ainbv ka^slv, ra ds Ccpiaiv anodovvat. svO-vg 
(f ' ixslvog anekavvBi rovg ne^uaribTag rwv (TtQarito- 
T(bv xal Xayovrag on drj/uocJia eirj, xal rw Kkeav- 
Sq(p Xi'/CL ikO-fbv on aQTidl^eiv inix^iQOvOiv, 6 di 

7 xeXevei rbv aQTidtovra ayeiv TiQog avrdv. xal 6 
/Ltkv Xa^wv Tfyi nra' TieQiTVxo)^ (J* ^Ayaoiag dq)ai~ 
QBltar xal yaQ ijv avrip 6 dyo/Lievog Aopf/r^y^. ol 
d^ aXXoi 01 naQorteg rwv OTQanwribv imxeiQovoi 
PdXXsLv Tov Ji^mnov, dvaxaXovvrag rov nQodorrp'. 
sdeioav dh xal rwv tqitiqitAv noXXol xal ecpevyov 

8 elg TTjv S-dXarrav, xal KXiavSgog d^ eq)€vy6, JTf- 
vocpibv ds xal ol dXXoi OTQarrjyol xarexdbXvor ts 
xal T(b KkedvdQtp aXsyov 8n ovdkv eitj nQay/jia, 
dXXd TO doy/Lta aXnov eitj to tov OTQarevftarog 

9 ravra yeveoS-at. 6 da KkeavSgog vnb rov Je^innov 
X avsQaS-i^o/LLerog xal avxbg d/^S-BO&slg on iq)o^ri&Ti, 
djcoTiXevaaad'ai scpri xal XTjQvSaiv /Lcrids/iiav noXiv 
deX^O&ai avxoiig, wg TioXa/uiovg. ^QX^'^ ^^ '^^^^ 

10 ndvTcov Twv "^EkXrfyoyv ol ^axadai/LLovioi. evrav&a 
novriQov to nqdyfji iSoxai elvai Tolg ^^'EXXtjOi, xal 
idiovTo fii] noislv TavTa, 6 d' ovx av ciXXcog ecpri 
yaredd-ai, at fir] Tig axdiboai xbv aq^avTa ^dXXaiv 

11 xal Tbv dcpaXo flavor, ^v d^ bv a^j[tat Ayaaiag did 
TaXovg (piXog Tip Zavoq)aJVTr a§ oi xal dia^aXav 
avTbv 6 Ja^iTinog. 

KdvTav&av maidi] dnoQia ijv, Ovvrjyayor xb 
(yxQdTav/Lia ol ag/^ovTag' xal avioL fiav avxcbv Ttag^ 
oXiyov anoiovvTo xbv KXaavdQor, Tib Sk Zavoq)ibvn 



LIB. VI. CAP. VI. 211 

ovx edoXBi cpavlov elvaiy aX)^ dvaOrag hls^sV £1 12 
avdQsg OTQariwrai, ifiol S^ ovdev cpavlov doxsl elvai 
TO TiQay/Lta, et rj/ilv oilrwg ty^wv rriv yvibfiriv Kke- 
<x.vdqog aneiOiv wOTieQ Xsyai. elol fihv yaQ kyyvg 
m "^EHrivideg ndXeig' rfjg 3^ "^EkXddog Aazedaifio^ 
Tioi 7iQ0€(JT^xa(Jiv' Ixavol S^ elol xal elg ixadrog 
AaxedaifAOvmv iv raig nolsoiv o ri ^ovlovrai dia- 
mQaTteOd^au d ovv ovrog TtQwroy fihv rifidg Bv- 13 
tc^vriov anoxlfiOeif BTiBiTa dh rolg clXXoig aQfioOvaig 
na^ayysXel elg rag noXsig /litj dax^od^ai fhg aniCrovv- 
rag ytaxsdai/iorioig xal avofiovg ovrag, eti Sb ngog 
*Ava^i^iQV rov vavaQyov ovrog 6 loyog ubqI iifiibv 
rj^Bi, x^^^^^^ BOrai xal /LtevBiv xal dnonXelv xal 
yaQ ev rfi yfj ciQXovdc Aaxadai/uorioi xal iv rfj 
S-aXarrri rbv vvv xq6vov. ovxovv SbX ovd-^ irog 11 
-dvSQog BVBXa ovrc dvolv '^/Ltdg rovg clklovg rfjg 'JGl- 
Xadog dnexBOd-aty dXXd nBiOTBOv 3 ri av xbIbvcdOi' 
xal yccQ al ndXeig SS-bv bO/ubv nBiS-ovrai avrolg. 
iydj fiBV ovvy xal yd^ dxovw Jb^vjitiov )JyBiv nqbg 15 
KXiavdQOV, d>g ovx av BTioitiaev Idyaoiag raiha, bI 
fiTj iyo) avrov BXBXBvaa, iyo) fihv ovv dnoXvio xal 
Vfidg rfjg atriag xal Ayadiar, av avrbg Ayaoiag 
<pfj ol BjiiB re rovrwv aXriov alvai, xal xaradixaCoy 
s/Liavrov, bI iyo) JiBZQO^oXiag rj dXXov rivbg ^laiov 
i^dQX^y T^5 Baxdrtjg dixrig d^iog Bivai, xal vcpB^O) 
rifv dixriv. cprifu dh xal bY riv dXXov alridrai, 16 
XQfjvoLi' iavrbv naQacSxBiv Kt^avd^m XQivai' ovrio 
yaQ av v/uBlg dnoXaXv/UBVoi rfjg ah lag BirjrB. (bg 
^B vvv BXBi, ;fa^v6:7roy bi oIo/ubvoi bv rfj *^EXXd3i xal 

14* 



212 LIB. VI. CAP. VI. 

hiaivov xal ri/Lirjg TBV^ead-ai avxi dh tovtwv ovd* 
8/Ltoioi Toig aXkoig ioo/LteS-a, oD^ UQ^ofABS-a be rwv 

17 Meva TaiJT avaarag eJney ^Ayaciag' 'Eyw, & 
civdQeg, 6//.vvfu S-eovg xal S-eag ^ jutjv /lhjvb fie JT*- 
voq>(bvTa X€)^vaai dq)6)Ja&ai xbv avd^a fitfc cciXov 
vfiibv /iTjdiva' Idovri de fiot civd^ ayaS-bv «yo- 
fievov T(bv ijuwv Xo/^itwv vnb Je^buiov, ov vfielg 
e7ii(naa&* Vfiag nQodovra, deivbv edo^sv sivai* xal 

18 dq)eik6firp^y d/nokoya). xal Vfielg /luv /itj ixdibzi /u^ 
iyo) (J' i/LcamoVf Iootibq Seyoq>(bv liyei, naQaaxrfia} 
XQivam KksdvdQip b ri av ^ovkrirai Tioi-^aai' xal 
Tovrov evexa fjirpce nole/Luire AcacedaifA^ovioig <;^^ot- 
aS-i T doq)aX(bg ihtoi iS-ilei exaarog. avfinifjLXfjaTs 
fievroi fioi vfjubv avxibv iko/ieroi n^bg Kkeavd^ov 
oViiveg, civ ri eydi naQaXmo), xal Xe^ovoiv tmk^ 

19 Bfjiov xal TiQa^ovoiv, ex tovtov ado^xev ri axqaxia 
ovOtivag ^ovXoiTo nQoslo/Lceyov ihai. 6 dk nQOBi- 
levo Tovg OTQaxrjyovg. /Meid Taiyt kio^eveto n^bg 
KkaavdQov Ayaoiag xal ol OtQaTrfyol xal 6 dq>ai'^ 

20 QsS-elg dvrjQ vn Ayaolov. xal hleyov ol (rtQarciyyoi' 
^'EjiB/Mpev rifjiag ri OTQaria nqbg Ob, & KXaavd^Sy. 
xal exikevae as, eks navxag alxi^y XQivavra ok 
airtbv /p^tr^-wi H ri av ^ovXfj, eid-^ era rivd ij dvo 
r/ xal Tileiovg aina, xovxovg d^iovai naQaOxelv aoi 
iaurovg eig XQiaiv, €it ovv iffiibv xiv^ aitia, naQ-^ 
BOfiBV Coi '^fislg' HT akkov Tivd, (pQaaov* ovdelg 

21 yap &JiB(Ttai Hotig &y rifuv i&ikrj Ttei&eoS-ai, /astcc 
ravra ngoekS-div 6 Ayaoiag dljtey' ^Er/ib el/Lti^ 



LIB. VI. CAP. VI. 213 

& KkiavdQBy 6 ag)€X6/ueyog JB^innov ayovrog rov- 
Tov rdv avd^a xal naisiv xekevOag Je^innov. rov- 22 
Tov /ley yaQ oW cIvSq* aya&bv 8vra, /Ji^iTViov d^ 
old^ alQed-erra vnb rrjg azQaridg op/at^ rfjg nsvrri- 
xorrdQov ^g fftriaafiB&a naQa TQaneCotryricov ig>^ 
^T€ TiXola OvXli'/eiv, d)g dcoQoifu&ay xal dnodQcivra 
xal nQodorra rohg OTQaTuaTag /llbS-^ &v iacb&ri. 
xal Tovg T€ TQcmaXjovvrlovg dTtsareQrjxafisv ttjv 23 
TtevTTjXorTOQOv xal xaxol doxov/Ltsv alvat dia rov^ 
TOV, avrol re to enl tovzo) anoXwkafier, rjxove 
yaQ, &07ieQ iifJiMgy ihg anoQov eirj n^fj amovrag 
Tovg noTa/LLovg re dia^fjvai xal awS^vai elg ttjv 
^EkkAda. TOVTOV ovv toiovtov ovt aq)eil6/Ltriv, el 24 
^k ai) ff/eg ij Hkkog rig r&v na^a aov, ei Xa&^ Hri 
ovdsv ctv TOVTWv eTtolijOa, vdfii^e d\ eav ifik vvv 
anoxTelvijg, di avd^a deiXov re xal novriQdv avd^a 
aya&bv cbioxrelveiv. 

*Axovoag ravS-* 6 Kkeavd^og elnev, on Je^mnov 25 
fikv oint eTtaivoiT], et ravra nanoitjxwg eit]' ov /uir- 
roi eq)Ti vo/ii^eiv ovd^ el 7ia/LL7i6v7]Qog rjv Ji^innog 
fiitf X9V^^ Tidoxeiv ovdiv, dila XQiO-evra, wotibq 
xal vfjielg vvv d^iovre, xfig dlxrjg rvxelv. vvv oiv 26 
anixe xaraXmdvreg rdvde tov clvdQa' Hxav rf' eydy 
xeXei!'(J(o, ndqetsre nQog ttiv xqIoiv, alriA/nai d* 
ovTB rrpf CXQaridv oi/t^ cllXov ovdev eri, enel ovrog 
avrbg bfioXoyel dq)ekeo&ai tov dvd^a. 6 d* dcpai- 27 
Qe&elg ehcev' *Eyd}, c5 KHavd^e, el xal oYei fi ddi- 
xovvrd TL SyeoS-ai, ovt enaiov ovdiv* ovt e^aXlov, 
d)X ehiov Hti drifidcia etrj rd nQo^ara' ijv ydg 



214 IZL TX CAP TL 



Tu/9 ^ftficnaran Aif^ jac at nc, omS^ r^ ftr^aiia 

n^H:*; Tcf C^ i AAfiCJ\^i^«cic etTtr' 'fjiaf Twx*r avrai" 

^ 'fjT rviToi «' air ^ji^yi Aesnljpor f/^iarmv* 

TTT df CTff€Snar cvrw^yr^ Zatuf^r xxd ovre^ov- 
Lnt .T^iira :i^i^ CLKrvOpor rfccfMiirjnaottrrot^ :i£$m 



*0 Tcvr drroperr. gt r^iTOi *-^«-^-«r -^-»^-w« .n««.«..i»r>-^^ 



<7rpcTr^o('; arci i4>^cn-oc^ xci Jgaximow rbv 
J^cQUicrrr xci rdnr cHjcot oi idixovr hanfjdHot 
HTOi dno&tu BuMord^v xara norm rgouor dy-Hrat 

31 TCI ar&^. db^wr otV o Sero^t^r iivfx- ^^f«> 
/iir, CO KxiardQfy roi-^ ordipcrc. aroi ^ orporfa o^ 
i<fu9^ o Ti i^oviov rMOifCd xai .Tfoi rovrofr xal 
TUffi avTvnr andnwr' ri-r di o* ahovrxaji xai df- 
arrcu dovrcu a^id rcb dr&Qf Xid ur^ xaraxcuf'Hr^ 
7io)jja yoQ iy rm lunQoaOrr xgo^tp rifpi t^ nQa-- 

32 Tiav iuoxihrflarrpr, rcttra df aov TVjromg tm- 
O^rrovKTCu Mi drrl rovTOory fp^ ^^^'Ml ^/^^^^^ fxv^ 
Turv xai f^v ot &eoi ikno dnftry tii&eigHr aoi xai 
d)g x6ofiioi h(Ji xcu wg Ixaroi Tovg noleuiavg avr 

33 Tolg O-iolg fii] q)O^Ho9'Cu. diovTcu de aov xai Tor- 
TO, naQayevoiuvar xal aQ^vra kavrmy Ttei^r Acr- 
^eiv xal /Je^iTiTiov xal oq)(br rwr ailary olog €xa<n6g 

34 iOTi, xal rify d§iav ixdcnoig velfiai. dxovOag rat^S-^ 
6 JOJardgog, j4X)m val rcb ai(by eqnj, xa^v toi tuir 



LIB. VI. CAP. VI. 215 

dnoxQivov/uai, xal rib t cIvSqb v/llIv diSoD/Lti xal 
amog na^ioo/uar xal r]v ol Seol didwcJiv, k^y'^" 
Oo/Liai eig ttjv ^E)2dda, xal yccQ noXi) ol hiyov 
ovTOi dvrioi etolv i] ovg l^tb ttsqI v/ucbv iviwv rj" 
Tiovov (bg to azQaTev/Lia acpiaxare anb Aaxedai- 

/LIOVIWV. 

^Ex rovTov ol /Liev enaivovvrsg dTiTjkS'Ov, l/or- 35 
T€g Tcb cirdQS' Klsavd^og d^ e&v^o em rfj noQela 
xal avvfjv Zevoq)wvri cpikixwg xal ^eviav avvB^dX- 
lovTO. tiBi dh xal i(i)Qa avToi;g to TiaQaYYBU.o- 
fievov eirtdxTwg noiovvTag, xal fxallov hi msSvfjLBi 
riYBfiUDv y^ead-ai axnCbv. ktu fiivtoi d^vofjUvvo 36 
avTip enl TQSig rj/,i€Qag ovx iYiyvero ra IsQa, avy" 
kalsOag Tovg (TtQaTtiyobg slnev ^Efjiol fuv ov tbH- 
d-ei TO, uQa B^dyeiv Vfielg fiewoi fii] dSxf/usiTS 
TOVTOV 6V€xa* v/ulv ydQ, (bg hoixe, dedoTai ixxo/uicJai 
Tovg avd^ag' dlld noQBveO&e, rj/ueig (J* v/uag, 
iTteiddv kxela^ rjxiji€, Se^d/usS-^ d)g dv Swcb/neS^a 
xdllicna. 

^Ex TOVTOV tdo^B Tolg OTQaTubTaig dovvai avTip 37 
Ttt drifi6ma TTQo^aTa' 6 de ds^d/usvog ndliv avToig 
oTiedioxe. xal ovTog /uev dntnlei. ol dh OTQaTidrtai 
dLa&eituvoi t6v altov, ov riaav avyxsxo/uia/uivoi, xal 
TaX)! a eili^cpeaav 1^€7ioq€Vovto did tcov BiO-vvcov. 
inel (J' ovdtj'i evetvj^ov noQevofievoL Ti]v ogSiiv odov, sa 
wgt Bxovrig ti eig ttjp cpikiav iXO-elv, edo^ev avzolg 
TovfiTiahv VTioOTQeipavrag eXS^elv fiiav ri/ueQav xal 
vvxra. TOXJTO dh TtoirjOavTeg ela^ov noXka xal dv- 
dqaTioda xal TiQo/iaTa' xal dq)lxoriy exToioi eig Xqv- 



216 LIB VI. CAP. VI. — LIB. VII. CAP. L 

oonoXiv rfjg KaXxri^ovlag, xal ixsl Bfuivav rifisQag 
htra lag)VQ07ia}lovvr6g, 

z. 

2 I. *Ex TovTov di ^aQvd^aCog (po^ovfjuvog rb 
OTQarevfia /utj im ttjv avrov OTQCfTsvrjftaiy mjictpag 
TtQog ^Ava^i^iov rbv rat;ap/ov, 6 d^ etvx^v iv Bv^ 
l^avricp air, iSsIro dia^i^Aoai rd cfTQaxavfia ix rfjg 
Aoiag, xal vtiioxvbIto navra Ttoii^aeiv avrw, baa 

3 dioi. xal 6 l^ra^i^iog fi^ejiBfjiApaTo rovg OTQarTj^ 
yovg xal Xo/^ayovg slg Bv^dvru>v, xal vniaxvelro, 
€1 dia^aleVf fiia&ocpoQav eaeoS-ai rolg acQarvidrtaig, 

4 oi fih^ di] clXXoi 6(paoav ^ovlevod/ievoi anayy^ljBlv, 
S^vocpvbv 8^ elnsv avxtpy on dnalXa^sioi x rfdr] and 
rfjg cnQaridg xal ^ovXoir^ djionleiv. 6 S^ Ava^i^iog 
ixiXevOev ainov Ovvdia^avr eneid-* oihtag dnakkdr-' 
rsaS^au eq)ri ovv ravxa noLrjCBiv, 

6 SevSTjg (J' 6 O^a^ nafjmei Mridocddriv xal xe^ 

Xsvsi S^vocpwvra Ov/LtTiQoO-v/usIaS'aif oneog Sia^fj rd 
OTQdrevfia, xal ecpt] avttp ravra ovjjJiQoSnjfiriS'hrci 

6 Hri ov /Lieta/ueXfjOsi, 6 d^ einev' l^ild rd /uiv (Trpa- 
revfia dia^fjaerar xal rovrov evsxa /urjdkv rekelro) 
firiT e/jiol fiTft aXkof /btridevi' ineiddv ds Sia^fj, iycj 



1 '^'Oaa fuv dr) iv rfj iva^daei rf] (.tsrdi Kvqov eTtga- 
§av oi ^'EXXrjveg iiexqi rfjg fuxx^g^ ^al baa iTtsl Kvgog ire- 
Xsiurrjaev iv rfj noqeia fA^XQV stg xdv TLdvxov dcpiycovTOy 
Y.ai baa ^x xov Ildvxov Tts^fj i^idvxeg yuxl iycrrXeowsg iTtoi- 
ovv iiexQi €^0) xov axdiiaxog iyevovxo iv XqvaoTtdXei xfjg 
l^aiag, iv x(p rtqdad^sv Xdytf dsdrjXoyvai, 



LIB. VII. CAP. I. 217 

fikv ajcaila^ofiaiy ngbg dh rovg dia/Luvovrag xal 
hiixaiQiovg bvrag nQoatpsQiod-o) (bg av avT(p doxfj. 

*Ex Tovrov dia^aivovCi navrsg sig to EvQaV" i 
riov 01 OTQaTidrrai. xal fiicS-bv fihv ovx edidov 6 
I4va§i^u)g, kxriQV^B da Xa^orrag ra oJiXa xal ra 
iJxsvri rovg azQariwrag i^isvai, wg dnojis/utpcov &^ 
Ufia xal aQiS-jLtdv noiijacov, ivravS-^ ol arQariwrai 
ij/dwro, bxi ovx elxov kniCLTiQea&ai elg rijv tig- 
QiiaVy xal dxvrjQcbg OvvaCxevaC^ovTO. xal 6 Savo- 8 
<fibv KkadvSQq) rw agfioorfi ^avog yayavrjuavog tzqocJ- 
a'kS'd)v "^anaCaro aindv wg dnonkavoofiavog ijdr]. 6 
<y* avT(p Xayai' Mij noitjcfrjg ravra* al da fir\j acpr]^ 
ahiav a^aig, anal xal vvv rivag ijdri ah airiwvrai^ 
bxi ov xa/i)^ a^aQnai to OtQdtavua. 6 d^ alnav 9 
^AlX aYxiog /usv ayioy* ovx at/ul tovtov, ol da arpa- 
Ti&rai avTol aniaiTiOfiov daojuavoi did tovt d&v^ 
fiovOi nqbg ttiv aToJov. AXV ofiwg, acptj, aycj (Jot lo 
Cvfi^ovksvo) a^akS-alv fiav (bg Ov/unoQavao/LUVOv y 
anaiddv d^ a^w yavriTai to OT^dTav/ua, tot dnaX- 
XdTTacS-ai. Taiha Toivvr, acpr] 6 SavocpibVy al&ov- 
Tag TiQog Ava^i^iov diaJiQa^ofud-a, ovTcog alO-ovTag 
akayov Tai/ca. 6 d^ axa)^vav oihoy noialv xal a^iavai ii 
Trjv raxi(JTrp^ avoxavaoafiavovgy xal TiQoaavautalv, 
8g av fAT] TiaQj] atg ttiv a^araoiv xal alg tov dqiO-^ 
fiovy Sri avxhg avrov ahidcJaTai, 

*Evtev&av a^Pjaav oIl tb OTQaTrfyol tiqAtoi xal 12 
ol akXoi. xal cl^driv ndvTag 7ik7]v dliywv a^co TjcJav, 
xal ^Etadvixog atori^xai nagd Tag nvlag ibg, bnoT 
a^o) yavoivTo Tidvrag, avyxl^oeov Tag nvlag xal Tbv 



220 LIB. VII. CAP. L 

rijy Tiohv rijv ovdhv ahiav diaQTidow/uv, svS-V' 
2G jLiHoS'^ a eCtai Tovvrevd-Bv, noXifiioi /luv soofied^ 
aTiodedHy fjUvoi Aaxadaifiovioig xal rolg (W/Lc/Luixoig. 
oiog d^ 6 7i6)^uoQ otv yivoiro, dxoS^BirV dt] tkxqsCtiv, 
iwQaxorag xal avafivtioS'BVTag ra vvv di] 'ye'/evri- 

27 /uiva. ruLielg yaQ ol l^S-rjvaloi rjlS-o/Lisv elg xbv no- 
keuov Tov TiQog Aaxedaifioviovg xal rovg avfjifia- 
Xovg axovrag TQii^QBig rag fiev iv S-akdrrt] rag d^ 
iv rolg vBWQioig ovx ildrrovg XQiaxoaUoVy VTia^ 
x6vr(or de noD^wv /pij/^arco^ iv rfj ndXai xal tiqoo- 
odov ovarjg xar aviairtbv and re rwv ivdtj/MJDV 
xal Ttjg vneQOQiag ov /ueiov /^lUiov TaXavrayv Uq^ 
yovreg dh rwv vrjowv anaoibv xal bv tb rfj lt4aia 
Tiollag B/^ovxBg noXBig xal iv rfi EvQwnri cllXag rB 
Txoildg xal avrd roi/tQ rb BvQavrayVy Hnov vvv 
iaiuvy xaTB7iokBiLiriSi]/usv ovrcog (bg ndrvBg v/Luig 

28 BTxiOTaoS-B. vvv di di] ri av olofud-a nad^Biv, 
ylaxBdai/Ltovioig fuv xal r(bv ap/a/coy Cvfjifid- 
ycov VTiaQX^^^^'^y ^A&rjfvaiwv dh xal oi heelvoig 
ror ri^av av/i/iaxoi ndvrwv 7rQoay^BVTj/LiBva}v, Ti0~ 
oaq)iQVOvg dk xal rwv btiI S-aXdrrfj cOltov ^aQ^d- 
Qcov Tidvrwv 7iokB/uia)v rjfiiv ovroyvy nolB/uarrdrov 
rf* avrov rov avw PadiXBuygj Sv rjlO-ofuv dfpaiQti^ 
ad/LiBVOL rrp^ aQX^v xal djioxrBvovvrBg, at dwai- 
jLiB&a; rovTiov drj ndvxwv 6/iov ovxiov e(fti rig ov~ 

29 nog aq>Qa)yy Scnig oiezai av rifidg TiBQiyevioSixi; fAT] 
TCQbg rd}v &bwv juaivcbjUBS-a /Ltrjd^ ahxQ^ oJioXib^ 
uB&a TtoXiutoi oi'TBg xal ralg tiotqUsi xal rolg ^ue^ 
TBQOig avxAv q)iXoig rB xal oixBiOig. ir yccQ ralg 



LIB. VII. CAP. I. 221 

nolsaiv elci Tiavrsg ralg ecp* rifjidg (tTQarevao/usvaig, 
xai dixaicogy el ^aQ^aQOv fuv nokiv ovdefiiav i^O-e- 
IrjOa/usv xaraOxslVf xal ravra XQarovvreg, "^EXXTjviSa 
(f eig ijv nQoxcriv rjlS-o/usv, ravrrjv i^aXand^ojuev. 
lyd) fuv Toivvv evxo/Lcai, ttqIv ravr hiideiv v<f 30 
Vfiibv ysvo/Lceva, /LtVQiag i/ui y^ xaxa rfjg yfjg op- 
yviccg yeviaS-ai. xal vfuv ds av/Lt^ovKsvw "^'EHi^vag 
Svrag rolg r(bv ^Ekl'i^vwv TiQoearrjxoOi nei&ofievovg 
nsi^&od-ai rebv Sixaiwv rvyx^^^^^* ^^^ ^^ f^'h ^^~ 
vtiod-s rai/tay rjjudg del adixovfiivovg rfjg yovv 'EX- 
Xadog fit} (naQSOd-ai. xal vvv /not doxel Tti/Ltyjavrag 3i 
j^va§i/3i(p einslVy 3ri rj/usTg ovdhv ^iaiov noirjOovrsg 
naQslrjlvd'ajLuv sig xriv noXiv, dXX' i]v [xhv dvvcb- 
/LteS-a naQ* v/u&v aYa&ov ri evQiaxea&aif si dh firi, 
aXkct drjkdbaovreg, on ovx e^anatibfievoi dXkd nti-- 

Tavt* Mo§6, xal nifinovocv ^IsQcbw/uov r 32 
'Hkelov BQOVvra ravra xal EvqvXoxov IriQxdda xal 
^ikriaiov ^A^aiov. ol fi€v ravr i!^y(pvr eQOVvrsg, 

^'En dh xa&rj/LiiviJOv r&r (TtQazton&v nqooeQ^ 33 
X^OLt KoiQardSag €h]^aiog, og ov (pevywv rijv ^EX- 
kdda TiBQiriBiv dXkd (JrQartjyimv xal sjiayyelXo/uevogy 
€1 rig r/ noXig i] ed-vog arQartjyov dioiro' xal rore 
TiQoOeX&wv eXs'/BV art etoi/aog bitj riYBtcS-ai avroig 
Big TO JiXra xaXov/LCBVov rfjg 0Qdxi]g, evd-a noild 
xdya&d Xrjipoivro' bOtb d^ av /LtoXwOiv, eig dq)&0'' 
vlav naQB^Biv Bcpri xal Oiria xal nord. dxovovoi 34 
ravra rolg orQarmraig xal rd naQ^ Ava^i/3iov cI/li 
dnayyeXXdjuBva — djtBXQivaro ydg Hri TiBiS-o/uBvoig 



220 LIB. VII. CAP. I. 

T/;r 7i6}uv rrjv ovdsy ahlav SiaQTtdawfuv, sv&v^ 
20 uHoiF a ectai Tom^evd-sv. nokifiioi fihv iaofieS^ 
a:iodBdeiYfAh'oi yiaxedaifiovioig xal rolg Ov/LL/uaxoig. 
oiog rf' 6 7i6).euog av yivoiro, slxa^eir di] na^eCziVj 
iwQaxorag xal dra/uvrjaO-ivrag ra vi/v drj yeysvtj- 

27 /utra. riuBTg yaQ ol I40'r]vaioi rikd-ofiBV eig rbv 7i6- 
kejiiov Tov TiQog AaxBdaiixoviovg xal xovg CvfAfiA- 
yovg t/^ojaag TQiTjQeig rag fxev iv S-aXarrt] rag d^ 
iv Toig veoDQioig oix ikdwovg XQiaxoaimvy vnaQ- 
Xdvziov dh 7iol).(bv xQ^/^dreov ev rfj TidXsL xal TtQoa- 
odov ovOTjg xax iviavxhv and re r(bv erdi/j/LUov 
xal rfjg irjisQOQiag ov /usTov /^iXioyv xa'kdvTiov* ap- 
yovreg de rwv vrjOmv aTiaaibv xal er re rfj *Acia 
7io)2dg e/^ovreg 7i6)^ig xal iv rfj EdQcbnri ciilag re 
Txolkdg xal avzd tovto t6 BvCdvrior, Hnov vvv 
loiieVy xaTenoke/Lirjd^/uv ovrcog wg Ttdrreg Vfuig 

28 eTtiaTaoS-e. vvv dh dt] ri av oid/LteO-a na&elv, 
Aaxedaifiovioig fiev xal rwv aQxaiarv avfi/ad- 
X(ov i^ap/dyroiy, AS^vaiwv dk xai oi ixelvoig 
rdr rjOav av/i/uaxoi ndvriov TtQOOyeyBvrj/Ltivarv, TiO- 
cacpiQVOvg dh xal rwv til S-aXdrrfj clXkcov PaQ^d- 
Qwv ndvrwv noks/uiwv rifilv ovrwv, nolsfiiartdrov 
d^ avrov rov avw ^aaiUcogy 8v rfkd-ofiev dqiaiQtf^ 
a6/Lt€voi rrjv d^x'h^ ^«i djioxrevovvtBg, al dwai- 
fxeS-a; rovrwv dij ndvxwv ofiov ovtcdv €(ni rig ov^ 

29 nog aq)QWVy Hotig olevai av rifxag 7i€Qij^evia9-ai; f^ri 
TiQdg rwv S-ewv /uaivw/usS-a /Ltrjd^ alaxQwg djioXdh- 
/ueO-a noli/uioi ovxeg xal ralg narQiOt xal rolg 'fj/ie^ 
riffoig aixwv q)ikoig re xal olxeioig. kv j^ccq raig 



LIB. VII. CAP. I. 221 

noksair stai navTsg ralg ecp* rifidg (TTQarevOo/uivaig, 
xai dixaiiog, ei /Sd^/iaQOv fuv nokiv ovde/Lciav i^&e- 
IriaafiBv xaxao/^elvy xai ravza XQarovvreg, ^EXXTjvlSa 
(f Big i]v TiQibxriv rlXd-o/usv, ravrrjr i^aXand^ojuev. 
iyo) fuv Toivvv ev^ofiaiy ttqIv ravr inideiv vcp* 30 
vfjL(bv y€v6/LL€va, /btVQiag i/ui y^ xara rfjg yfjg 6q~ 
yvidg j^evioO-ai, xai Vfiiv dh av/u^ovlevco "^'EHrivag 
dvrag roig r&v ^Ekk'^vcov TiQosarrjxoai nsid-o/uivovg 
nBiQ&oS-ai rwv Sixaiwv rvyxdveiv. idv 3k /ai] 3v- 
vriod-B rai/tay ri/uag del adixovfiavovg rfjg yovv "^Ek- 
Xadog firi (TteQeoS-ai. xai vvv /uot doxal nsfiyjavrag 3i 
jiva§i/3i(p einalVy bxi rifielg ovdhv ^iaiov noii^aovrag 
naQskfji/ijd'ajLuv alg rriv noXiv, dXX^ i]r /ukv dvvib- 
fiB&a naq Vfx&v dyaS-ov ri ByQlaxaaO-ai, at da /^?J, 
dXldt drikwaovragy brt ovx a^aTiarih/itavoL dlkd nai- 
d-ofiBvoi B^BQ/^dfiaS-a. 

Tavt" ado^By xai na/inovcfLV "^laQWvv/uov r 32 
^Hkalov BQOVvta ravza xai EvqvXo/^ov l^Qxdda xai 
^ikrfitov ^Axaiov. ol /lav zai/t ^;forr* BQOVvzag. 

^Ezi, da xaS^jLcavcDV z&v azQazicDzibv nQOOsQ- 33 
;f€Ta^ KoiQordSag Otj^aiogy og ov cpavyoiv zijv ^jEX- 
Idda TiBQijiBiv dXkd OTQaztjyiwv xai kiayyaXXofiavogy 
Bi zig i] noXig ij a&vog azQazrjyov daoizo' xai zoza 
7iQoaaX&a)v hlayBv bzi etoi/Ltog aiij riyalc&ai avzolg 
Big zb JiXza xaXov/Ltavov zfjg 0QdxTjgy avS-a noXkd 
xdya&h Xrnpoivzo' adia d^ av fioXeoOiVy aig afpS^o- 
vlav TiaQB^aiv acpri xai Oizia xai nozd. dxovovoi 34 
zaijza zoig azQazidnaig xai zd naQ^ Ava^i/3iov a// 
dnayyaXldjuBva — ojiaxQivazo yaQ ozi naid-o/uavoig 



222 LIB. VII. CAP. I. 

avTOig ov uerauth]oeiy aUA roTg t oixoi re)^oi 
Taut oLTtayyelel xcti avrog ^ov)^vaoiTO ttsqI amCbv 

35 o Ti dvvaa ayaD-ov — Ix tovtov ol OrQaxiibTai 
rov T€ Koiifarddav dlyorrai OiQaTTjydv yai 6§cu rov 
rei'yovg aTifjlO-ov. 6 dh KoiQarmJag av^Ti&sTai av- 
Toig eig rijr voxeQaiav TxaQtaeoS-ai am ro OTQazev/ia 
tycov xal leQela yai /timTn' y.al oiria xal noxa rij 

80 arcana. eTiti c)' i^fjlO-ov, 6 ^Ava^l^iog exhjoe rag 
7iv).ag xal ixijQV^er, (ig av alw trdov vjv r(bv (TtQa- 

37 TiojTtdr, bri TxenQdaerai. rf] d' vOreQaiq KoiQard^ 
dag (idv eyo)v rd h()tla xal rov jLidvriv rjxs xal 
cD.cpira cpi^ovreg htiovx^ avxih eixooiv avdQsg xal 
olvov a}Xoi eixoOi xal iXaojr XQeig xal OxoQodwr 
dvTjQ (iaov idvvaxo fieyioxov (poQxiov xal a)log 
XQoufivwv. xavxa M xaxaS-iuevog wg eid ddo^ 
iuvoiv id'vexo. 

38 Zevocpibv da /LtaxaTTafopduavog K)JavdQOV axa~ 
lava di] TiQd^ai, onwg aig x6 ralxog aloaXS-oi xal 

30 dnoTihavaai ax BvQavxiov, ilO^wv S^ 6 lOJavdQog 
udla fiohg aq)!] diaTiQa^djiiarog ijxaiv' layaiv yaQ 
Ava^ipiov on ovx aTXLxridaiov ait] xovg /luv (Trpar^- 
wcag nlrialov alvai rov xaiyovg, Zavocpm^xa d^ evdov 
xovg Bv'^avxiovg da CxaOidX^aiv xal novrj^ovg elvat 
TiQog dXlrjlovg' ojucog d^ aloUvai, acpri, axaXavav, ai 

40 ualloig ovv avxw axnhalv. 6 iiav dt] Savoq){bv a- 
(Jitaad/Liavog xovg (SxQaxiibxag aioo) xov xaiyovg dn/jai 
Ovv lO^adrdoq). 

^0 da Koi^axddag xfi /tav tiqcoxt] tj/LtaQa ovx 
ixa)lia()ai ovda diajiiaxQrjOav ovdav xolg OXQaxKoxaig' 



LIB. Yll. CAP. I. II. 223 

rfj (J* vOteQala ra fihv leQsla eiorrixsi naQa xbv 
^(Dfibv xal KoiQarddag eaTeq)av(Dfi£vog (bg &vao}v' 
TiQoOB'k&dyv dh Ti/uaai(ov 6 Jagdavevg xal Mojv 6 
^Aoivalog xal K}^avo)Q 6 * Op;^ o/^^Vto^ elayov KoiQa- 
rdda /LCTj d^eiVj (bg ovx '^yrjOo/bterov rfi OTQaria, 
ei /Lci] dibOH rdnmideia. 6 dh xelevac diafisTQslad^aL. 
insl de nolXd>v evedei avrcp &0T6 riue^ag alrov 4i 
, ixdOTCp YevedS^ai rcbv OTQaTicorwVf dvala/Scbv rd 
IsQeia dTifiBi rrjv OTQarrjyiav dneiTKbv. 

II. NicDV d^ b Aaivalog xal ^Qvvlaxog b A/^aibg 
Kal 4>ilriaiog b ^x^^^S ^ou Zavd-ixXrjg b Analog 
xal Tifj.aamv b JaQdavevg im/usvor im rfj Oz^a- 
Tia, xal aig xw/uag rd)v 0Qax(bv nQOslS^ovreg rag 
xaxd BvCdvTiov iOTQaroTisdavovTo, xal ot Or^a- 2 
TTjyol acTcaoiaQoVy KkadvcoQ fihv xal ^Qvvioxog TiQog 
2av9i]r /Sovlo/itavoi dyaiv anaiS-a yd^ avrovg, xal 
adioxa rib juav ltitiov, r(b da yvvalxa' Nacov d^ atg 
XaQQovrjOoVf olo/uavog, at vnb Aaxadaifiovioig ya- 
voivTOy navrbg dv TiQoacSrdvai rov OZQaravfiarog' 
TifiadiiDv da TtQovS^Vfialro Txaqav alg ttjv Aalar 
Tidhv dia/irjvai, olo/uavog dv oixada xaral&aiv. xal 
ot axQariibrai xavr a^ovXovro. diarQi^o/uavov da s 
Tov xQfi^ov noXXol ribv OTQaTicoribv, ot fiav zd iinla 
dnodiddfiavoi xaxd rovg x^Q^^S dnaTikaov d)g adv- 
ravTo, ot da xal atg rag nolaig xara/xiyvvvro. 



4 l/tva^l^Log d* a'xcaQS xavx* dy^ovojv, dLaq)d'aiQ6{,ievov 
rd (TTQdvavi.ia' tovtwv yaQ yiyvoiieviav ^ero [iiXicXTa /«- 
qiC,aad^ai Oagva^dlco. 



224 LIB. VII. CAP. II. 

5 ^AnoTiliovTi d^ Ava^ipiio ix BiX,ci>yrlov Cvvavtq 

l^QiaraQX^S i^ KvZixip diddoxog KUavdQip BvQav- 
liov aQ/ioCTTig' 6}^y€ d^ Sri xcd vavaQ^os diddoxog 

c IlcbXog oaoy ov naQur] rjdri eig ^Ekkiqanovrov. xal 
'Ava^i^iog no juev AQioraQXV ^^<^^llei ondaovg 
av BVQji ir Bi%uvtUp ribv Kvqov OTQariarvwv vno^ 
)^Xei/j,/uirovg dTioddod-ar 6 dk KkiavdQog ovdey ins- 
TiQoxei, d)la xal rovg xafivovxag iS-SQajievev otxrti- 
Q(or xavayxaQiov oixia dix^oS-ai' AQioraQxog 6^ 
tTCH ril&B rdxiora, ovx ildxrovg reTQOxoaiwv djii-- 

7 doTO, Ava^i^iog de 7iaQan)>£vaag slg IldQiov nifju- 
Tiei nagd ^Pagrd^aQov xard %d avyxeifieva. 6 (J* 
eTiel fjaO-aro AQioraQX^'^ ^* TJxovra eig BvQdvriov 
dQjuocrtrjv xal Ava^i^iov ovxhi vavaQx^vvra, Idva- 
^t/Siov juev i^/uilrjOe, TiQog AQiiUaQX^y ^^ dieJiQaX" 
T€To ravrd Jtegl tov Kvqeiov CXQaravfiarog ane^ 
TiQog Ava^i/iiov, 

8 ^Ex TovTov 6 Ava^ipiog xakeOag Zevoq>wvra 
xelevsi ndoji Tex^rj xal jurjxavfj nksvoai kfii t6 axQa- 
revjua (bg Tcyf^otra, xal Ovvex^iv x axnb xal Ovva- 
O-QoCQeiv T(bv di€07iaQ/LC€va)v d)g av nXeiotovg dvvrftaiy 
xal TiaQayaydrxa eig rrjv ITsqivS-ov dia^i^dX^eiv etg 
rtjv Aaiav on rdxK^a' xal diSioaiv ainw ZQiaxdv- 
TOQOV xal inKTtolrjv xal civd^a OVfinifinei xa)^aovra 
rovg IleQiviyiovg (bg rdxK^a Z£voq)(bvra /tQoni/uyjai 

9 rolg iTiTioig kixl rd (UQdxev/iia. xal 6 fiev SBVoq)(bv 
SiaTilcvOag dq)ixvelrai enl rd (UQdrev/Lca* oi da 
axQari&rai idi^avS-^ rideojg xal ev&vg ^inovr aOfjiBvoi 
d)g dia/Stjad/Ltevoi ix xfjg 0Qdxrjg eig xrjv Aolar. 



LIB. VII. CAP. 11. 225 

*0 dh Zev&tjg axotjaag fjxovra ndhv nifitpag lo 
TiQdg airtbv xara &akarrav MrjSoaddrjv sdelro ttjv 
azqandv ayeiv TtQog iavrov, vniOx^ov/LUvog avrd) 
8 TV (jicTo keycov nsiosiv, 6 d^ dnexQivaro, on ov- 
dsv olov r hit] ToijTwv 'yevioS^ai. xal 6 fxev xavt* 
dxovaag ^/€T0. ol d^ ^'Ulrjveg hiei dcpixovt* elg ii 
IleQiv&oVy NeiDv fihv dnoc^Tidoag eaTQaTonede^OaTo 
X(OQlg e/^iov d)g oxraxoaiovg dvd^Qibnovg' to cJ" cl?lo 
CTQdrsvfia ndv iv ravrcb nagd rd relxog rd ITe- 

Mevd ravra Zevocpibv fxhv htQarre naql Tikolwr, 12 
Sncog Htl rcyf^otra dia^alev, iv Sk xovrcp dq)ix6- 
juevog ^AQiiTtaQxog 6 ex BvQo^vrlov aQjuocnrig, e/o^v 
dvo rQiriQaig^ neneiajuerog vnb ^aQva^aC^ov rolg xs 
vavxhriQOig dnelne /utj didyeiv al&ibv % inl xb OzQd- 
T€V/ua rolg OtQaxiibxaig eine /ui] neQaiovod-at elg 
xrp^ Aaiav. 6 dh S^o(p(bv ekeyev, oxi Ava^l^iog 13 
BTtiXevde xal e/us nQog xovxo me/iiyjev ivS-dSe. nd- 
Xiv rf' l^QiOxaQXog eke^ev' Ava^i^iog /uev xoivvv ovx- 
iti vava^x^S, iyo) Se xfjd^ aQ/Ltocnrjg' et de xiv 
Vfjb(bv krixpofMai iv xfj S^aldxxr], xaxadvoio. xavf 
€l7ia)v Mxexo elg xb xelyog. xfi d^ vOrsQaia fiera- 
nefinetai xovg OTQaxrjyovg xal loxayovg xov OXQa- 
xev/LLaxog. ijdri d^ ovxwv TiQog x(b xeixei i^ayyeU^i u 
Tig x(p Sevoq)(bvxi oxi el eiOeiOiy Ovllrjq)9^0exaL xal 7} 
airtov xi Tieloexai rj xal ^aQva^oQw TiaQadod^tjaexaL* 
6 S^ dxovaag xatjxa xovg f.tev TtgonefiTiexai, avxbg d^ 
clnev oxi Si)aai xi ^ovloixo. xdneXd-cbv iSijero, el 15 
TiaQelev avxw ol &eol neiQaaS^ai Tigbg !Sev9^v ayeiv 

XenophoDtis Anabasis. 15 



226 LIB. VII. CAP. II. 

t6 OTQaTBVfta, kibqa yaQ ovtb dia^aiveiv aOcpai^g 
ov TQii^Qeig exovTOQ rov xcolvaovrog, oiix btl Xbq- 
QdvTjoov ikS-cov xarvaxXtjaS^vai i^ovXeto xai rb OtQa-- 
revfjia ev nolXfj CJidvei navxmv yeviaS-ai, evS-a nsi- 
S-eoS-ai /Likv dvdyxtj rqf ixel aQ/LCoarfj, ribv d^ kii- 
TTldeioiv ovdev e/Ltelkev e^siv rd (TTQarev/Lia. 

16 Kal 6 /j,€v d/Lcq)i rai/t slx^v' ol da (ftQartiyol 
xal loxc^yol 7]xovT€g na^d rov ^AQKTtdqx^^ dnriy- 
yslXoVy on vvv /Lckv dnievai Cq)dg xekevsi, rfjg delkrig 
d^ rjxeiv Bvd-a xal drikri fmilov edoxei ri kni^ovli^. 

17 6 ovv Aivoq)(bVy biBi edoxBi rd hgd xaXd slvai avrw 
xal Tip OTQarev/LtaTi doq)aXd)g ngbg SevSip^ Ihaiy 
naqaXa^djv UoXvxQdrri rov I40i]vaiov koxayov xal 
nagd rwr OTQarriyibv ixd(Ttov avSqa — .n'krjv naQa 
NecDvog — w hxaOrog iniorevev, w/cro rfjg vvxrog kfil 

18 t6 SevS-ov OtQdTevfia i^xovra oxddia, htel d^ 
eyyvg 7\(Sav avxoVy miTvyx^'^^^ nvQolg iQ'^/Ltoig, xal 
TO fihv TiQibrov qtszo /MBraxexcoQTjxivai not rdv Zev- 
O^v insl dk S-OQV^ov x fjoS^exo xal arj/Ltaivovxcov 
dlXrjloig xcbv neql 26v3i]Vy xaxsfia&ev oxi xovrov 
evBxa xd nvqd XBxav/xBva bYti X(p !Sbv3jj nqb x&v 
vvxxog)vXdxa)r, Sjicog ol /llbv (pvlaxag /lct] oQipvxo iv 
x(p axoXBi bvxag firiS-^ oTtov fi7\9^ bnoOoi bIbv, ol 
Ss TiQOOiovxBg jUT] XavS-dvoiBV, dlXd did xb cpwg 

19 xaxaq)avBlg bIbv' kmal d^ fjoS-^o, nQOTii/nnsi xbv ip- 
/uTjVBa ov ixvyx^^^^ ^X^^> ^^^ bItibIv xbXbvbc ^JavSji, 
oxi ABvoq)(bv TiaQBcm ^ovlo/uavog ovyyavBOS^ai avxw. 
ol d^ rJQOvxo Bi l^S^valog dnb xov oxqaxBVfiaxog. 

20 BTiBidi] d^ Bcprj o{)Xog Bivai, dva7ti]driaavxBg iSiajxov 



LIB. VIL CAP. II. 227 

xal dllyov votsqov nagfjoav nehtaaral bcov diaxo^ 
<Sioi, xal naQalaPdvTBQ ZBvog)cbvTa xal rovg ai)v 
avT(p riyov ngbg JSevS^rjv. 6 (J' ^^v ev rvQOei judXa 21 
{pvlarrofisrog, xal iimoi ttsqI avrijv xvxkcp iyxe- 
)^aUvo) flavor dia yag rbv q)6^ov rag puhv tifisQag 
ixiXov Tovg innovg, rag dh vvxrag iyxexahvco/iBvoig 
iq)vkdrTero. iUyeto y^Q ^ou nqod&tv Ti^Qtjg, 6 rov- 22 
rov TCQoyovog, iv ravrrj rfj /c6pa nolv bxcdv OXQa- 
rsvjLia vnb rovrtov rwv dvdQOfv nokkoi^g dnoXedai 
xal rd dXBVoqiOQa dq)aiQ£S^vaL' ^Oav (?' o{rroi Ovvol, 
ndvTCov keyofjievoi elvai fidXiOxa vvxrtbg nolsjuixd)^ 
raroi. 

^EtibI (J' Byyhg rjOav, bxbXbvObv BiOB'kS-Bly S^o- 23 
if&vTa B^ovra dv ovg ^ovlocto. BTiBidtj (J' bvSov 
riOaVy riOnaQovTo fihv tiqcotov dXltjlovg xal xard 
rbv Qqaxiov vofiov xiqar oYvov TtQoimivov TiaQtjv 
dk xal Mrjdooddrjg rep 'SbvS^, Hotibq bjiqboPbvbv 
airtcp TtdvToOB, BJiBira dh ABVOcpibv iJQx^o XiyBiv 24 
^'EjiBfjfApag TiQbg b/ib, & SBvO^t], Big Kal/rjddva tiqwtov 
MrjSocfdSrjv rotrvovl, dBOfiavog [xov avjanQoS-Vjarj^ 
Srivai dca^fjvai rb ar^dxevfia ix rfjg ^Aaiagy xal 
vniOxvov/LCBvog fioi, bI ravra Ttgd^ai/Lci, bv noci^Oeiv, 
wg ag)!] Mr]dooddr]g ovrog. ravr* bIticdv btxtiq^o rbv 25 
Mrjdooddrjv, al dXrjd^ ravt* airj. 6 d^ aq)!], AiS-ig 
Tik&B Mridooddrig ovrog, anal ayu} diB^r]v ndhv anl 
rb (ftQdrav/Lta ax UaQiov, VTiLOxvov/uavog, al dyd- 
yoifxi rb Or^dravfia n^bg Oa, rdXld ra 001 q)iXtp 
fia ;fp?jO'€(T5'a4 xal ddaXq)(b xal rd na^d &aldrrri 
juoi /(jJQia &v Ov XQaralg aOaoS^ai na^d Oov. anl 26 

15* 



228 LIB. VII. CAP. II. 

TOVTOig naXiv iJQeTO rbv MrjdoodSijv at hleye ravra. 
6 ds avveq)ri xal ravra. ^'I&i vvvy I91;, acptiyriaai 
TOVTip, ri ooi dnsxQtvd/Lcijy h Kakxridovi TtQwrov. 

27 ^AnexQivw on xb OXQarevfia dia^i^aoir €tg BvX,div^ 
riov xal ovdev rovrov 'ivexa deoi rsleiv oxhs ool 
ovre rep aUxp' avrdg d* enel Sia^airjg, oTiierai ecpr^ 

28 aS-a' xal iyivero ovrcjg woneq ai) ekeyeg. Ti ya^ 
ileyov, h'q)!], ore xard ^Stjlv^Qiav dq>ixov; Ovk 
ecprjoiF olov r elvai, atX eig IleQiv&ov iX&6vrag 

29 dia^alveiv eig rfjv ^Aoiav. Nvv roivvv, ecpri 6 Sbvo^ 
(p{bv, Tiafyeifxi xal iyct) xal ovrog ^Qvviaxog, eig r&v 
OTQarTjywv, xal noXvxQarrjg ovrog, eig rcbv loxaywv, 
xal e^o) elolv and rwv (UQarrjydjv 6 mororaxog 

30 exdorcp 7xlr]v Neiovog rov Aaxojvixov. el oiv ^ovXei 
mOToreQar elvai rtjv nQd^iv, xal exeivovg xdlecJau 
rd d^ Hnla (Sv ekS^wv elni, & ITolvxQareg, Sri eya> 
xeXevo) xarahnelv, xal avrdg exel xarahnwv rijy 
fidxaiQav eioi&i. 

31 ^Axovcag ravS-^ 6 2!ev&t]g elnev Hri ovdevl dv 
dmarrjOeiev l4&r]vai(jov* xal yaQ 3ri ovyyevelg ehr 
eldevat xal q)iXovg evvovg eg)!] vofiiC^eiv. [lerd ravra 
d^ enel etafjlS^ov ovg edei, TtQCorov Sevoq)(bv eTtriQeto 

32 2^8v9i]v, o ri deoiro xQ^^^-ac rfi (TCQari^. 6 d^ elnev 
&de' Maioddtjg riv narrjQ /uoi, exeivov d^ riv aQXV 
Me).avdlraL xal Ovvol xal TQaviipai. ex ravrtjg ovr 
rfjg X^Q^^y ^^^ ^^ 'OdQvaaJv n^dyfiat* eroorjaev, 
exneCibv 6 nartjQ avrdg fiev dno&rfjaxei vdocp, eyo) 
(J' e§erQdq)r]v dQ<pavdg naqd Mrjdoxcp r(b vvv ^aoi-- 

33 lei. enel de veaviaxog iyevd/Lirjv, ovx edvvdjtirjv ^ffv 



LIB. VIL CAP. II. III. 229 

elg aXXoTQiav TQ&JieC,av dno^liTtcov xal ixaS-el^ojitrjv 
evdlq)QiOQ avT(p IxhrjQ dovvai fioi oTioOovg dvvardg eitj 
^vd^ag, oTicog xal rovg ix^aXdvrag rj/udg sc n dwai- 
jLtrjv xaxbv^ noioltjv xal X>VW I^V ^fe '^V^ exeivov 
rQOJidQav dno^kenwv djOnsQ xvcjv, ix rovrov fioi 
didwCi rovg avdqag xal rovg Ynnovg, ovg vfielg 
orpeoS'^ eneiddv rifieQa yevijtaL. xal vvv iyo) ^cB 
roijrovg e/cjv, hrjQofievog rrjv ifiavrov narQcpav 
j^iOQav, si di [xoi vfielg naQayevoiaS^ey olfiai av Ovv 
roig S-eoig Qccdiwg dnola^elr rrjv aQ/riv. raxrt eOrlv 
& iyw vfiwv diojuai. 

Ti av ovVy aq)rj 6 Aevoq)&Vy av dvvaio, €i hi- 35 
S-oi/usv, rfj re (ttQari^ didovai xal rolg Xo/ayoTg 
xal rolg arqarriyolg; li^ov, iV ovroi dnayyeXXwaiv. 
6 d^ vTiiox^o rw fiev arQari(brri xv^ixrjvov, rw dh 36 
Xo^ayip difioiQiaVy rib da otQartiyib r^Qa/uoiQiav, 
Tcal yf]v onoOTjv av /^ovXwvrai xal ^evyrj xal /cdqIov 
hil S-aXdrrt] rsrei/Ky/Lcevov, ^Edv d\ eq)rj 6 Zevo- 37 
<p(bv, ravra neiQibfisvoi /urj dianQa^ay/usS'^, dkkd 
rig (p6^og dnb Aaxedaijjiovioyv fij de^ei etg rrjV Ceav^ 
roVy idv rig dnisvai ^ovXijtai naqy, ae; 6 d^ bItib' 
Kal ddaXq)ovg ye noirjao/LLai xal evdiq)Qiovg xal xoi- 38 
vatvoijg ajidvrcov (hv av dvvibfu&a xrda&aL. (Sol 
My & Savo(p(bVj xal 0%)yari^a dchao) xal si rig 
<Sol ear I O-vydrrjQy dyvriaojiiai 0Qaxi(p v6/i(py xal 
BiOdv&riv oixTjOiv S(baa)y ohsq ijuol xdXhCrov ^(J'^qiov 
lorl r(bv enl S-aldrrtj, 

III. ^Axovoavrag ravra xal da^idg dovrag xal Xa- 
fiovrag dnrikavvov* xal nqh rifxaqag ayavovro anl OTQa- 



230 LIB. VII. CAP. III. 

2 ronidcp xal dji7jyye^).av exa(Tioi rolg Tii/itpaOiv, kisi 
d^ ilfjUqa iyirsTOy 6 fxhv It^QitnaQXOS ndXiv ixdket 
Tovg (TTQarriyovg xal Xoxayovg* zoig rf' hdo^e rrfy 
jukv TiQdg ^^QicrtaQX^^ odor iaOai, rd dk (TtQazsv/ia 
ovyxaXeOai, xal owfjlS'Ov navreg nlijr ot Niwvog' 

3 ovToi d' anelxov wg daxa oradia. ijiel dh {fvvfjX" 
O-oVy avaorag S^oq)(bv bItib tASb" ^'AvSqegy dianXelr 
fxhv ev&a ^ovld/LteS-a l^QltJraQX^S ZQii^Qeig €X(ov 
xiolvBi' &(St Big nlola ovx doq)aXBg Bfi^aivBiv* ovrog 
(J' avrbg xbIbvbi Big XBQQdvrjifov ^ia dia rov Ibqov 
OQOvg TiOQBVBO&ai' ijv da XQari^OavTBg tovtov bxbIo* 
ild-iofuvy ovTB TUohfiaBiv ¥ri vfidg (prfiiv wotibq bv 
BvQavriiJOy ovtb i^ajiar'^OBoS'ai eti v/iag, d}J.A A^- 
tpBO&ai fiia&dvy oircB TiBQiotpBoS-ai hi wwibq wvl 

4 dBOfxivovg ribv sJtirrjdBiwv. ovrog /ibv ravra XiyBr 
2!BV&r]g Sb (priOiVy Stv nqbg bxbIvov itfrsy eS noii^OBir 
vfidg. vvv oiv axBipaoS-By TtdrBQOv ivS^d^B fiBvovreg 
rovTo ^ovIbvOboS-b t] Big rdnvtridBia ijiavBlS-drreg. 

6 Bfiol [XBV OVV doXBly BTIbI BvS-dd^ OVT dQ^VQlOV BXOfUV 

&CT dyoqaC^Biv om dvBV dqyvqlov iwOi Xa/i^dvBir, 
BTiavBlS-ovrag Big rag xih/iag, HS-bv ot ifcrovg bwOi 
Xafi^dvBiv, BXBi Bxovrag rdnvtridBia dxovovrag o rt 
rig rifi(bv Salrai, aiQBia&ai 8 ri av ii/uv doxfj XQari-- 

6 (Ttov Bivai, xal Hrcoy Bg)ri, ravra doxBi, aqdiw rrjv 
X^i^QCC' dvBTBivav obiawBg, AmovrBg roivWy Bcpri, 
avdxBVoQBO&By xal kriBiddv naQayyilXri rigy bjiboS-b 
r(p riyovfiBVip. 

7 Mard ravra SBVoq)(bv /uv riyBirOy oi d^ Btnovro. 
TiQo'idvrwv dh xal nag^ ^QioraQx^v dyyaXoi bjibiO-ov 



LIB. VII. CAP. III. 231 

dTKyrQeneoS-ai' ot d' ov/ vni^xovov, bid d^ Hoov 
TQidxovta (TtadiovQ nQoelrjlvS-eOav, omavra SevSrig, 
xal 6 Sevoifibv Idwv avrbv TiQoaekaaai ixilavOev, 
onwg 8ri nXsiarvDV dxovovrwv sYnoi avrib a idoxei 
avfiq>eQeiv, inel dh nQoofjlS-ev, elne S^oq)(bv' "^H/ulg 8 
TioqevofuS-a bnov /ukkei s^eiv rd azQarsv/ia TQoq)i^v' 
heel (J* dxovovT€Q xal aov xal xtbv rov Aaxcavixov 
aiQrjOo/LcaS'a a otv XQariiUa Soxfj aJvai. i]v ovv rifuv 
riyrjOfi Hnov nleicttd bOti rdniri^Seca, vnb aov vofii- 
ovfiev ^eviQeaB-aL. xal 6 ^ev&riQ ecpri' ^A)X olda » 
xibfiag a&Qoag xal ndvx e^^ovoag rdnvcrideia dn- 
exovoag rifi(x>v Hoov diek&ovxBg otv tjdiwg dQicmprfCs. 
^Hyov Toivvvy eg)?] 6 Ssvog)(bv. bid d^ dq)ixovTo lo 
Big avrdg rfjg dBilrjg, ovvijlS'Ov ot atQaxiibraiy xal 
BiTCB !SBv3i]g Toidde. ^Eycb, & avd^Bg, dao/iai v/aibv 
OTQaTBVBO&ai Ovv Bfioiy xal VTUOx'^ovfiai vfiiv d(b(SBiv 
rolg OTQariayraig xv^ixrivov, Xoxayolg da xal OrQa- 
rrjyolg rd vofiijC,6fiBva' b^(o dh tovtcjv rdv d^iov 
Tifiriao), Oixia. da xal nord wctibq xal vvv ax rfjg 
X^QOLg Xa/Li^dvovrag a^aza' onoOa 3* dv dUaxTfcaL 
d^i(b avrdg axaiv, iva ravra diari&a/Lcavog v/ulv rov 
fiicS-bv TioQii^w, xal rd [xav g)av'yovTa xdnodidgd- u 
axovra rifialg Ixavol aOofxaS-a diwxaiv xal /uaaravair' 
dv da Tig dvS^iOTfjfrai, Ovv v/j,iv naiQaOofia&a x^t^Qov^ 
oS-ai, an^Qeto 6 Zavoq)a)v' IToOov J' dnd S-aldTrrjg 12 
d^iwaaig avvmaaS^ai cot to cx^dTavfia; 6 S* djiaxQi- 
vaTO' Ovda/Lcfj nXalov eivcd '^/uaQWv, /ualov 3a noU,axfi* 

Aleid TavT adidoTO Xayaiv Tip ^ovkofiavw' xal is 
alayov Tiolkol xaxd xairtd otl navTog d^ia Xayot 



230 LIB. VII. CAP. III. 

2 T(mid(p xal dji'^yye^).av exacroi rolg ne/urpaOiv, snsl 

Tovg (nQ(XTr^oi)g xal loxccyovg' rolg d^ edo^e rrp^ 
fihv nqbg ^A^loraQX^'^ ^^^^ idaai, rd de (TtQaTsv/ia 
6vyxa)Joai. xal ovvijlS-ov navreg 7i).rp^ ol Niaryog* 

3 ovToi d* obieixov (bg dexa (Trddia, krtel dk (fwrjl'- 
S-oVy avaOiag S^oq>(bv sine rdde' ^jivSqagy dianXeir 
fuv evS-a ^ovkd/ieS-a l^QitJraQX^S TQii^Qeig €X(or 
xioXvBi' &CT elg Jtloia ovx aCcpaXkg i/i^aiveiv* ovrog 
rf' avrdg xb)xvbi elg XBQQdvtjaov ^ia dia rov Uqov 
oQOvg TiOQeveoS-ai' ijv dk XQan^OavTeg tovtov extltf 
il&iDfiBVy ovTB nmhfidBiv eri Vfidg g)TjOiv &(mBQ iv 
Bv^avTicoy ovze B^anan^aBaS-ai eii v/iag, aAAa Itj- 

tpBOS-ai /LLlOd-dVy OVTB 7lBQI,6\pB0&ai hi cicfTlBQ VVvl 

4 dBO/^Bvovg T(bv burridBloyy. ovrog /ikv ravra Xayar 
!Sev&r]g di q)rjaiVy av n^hg bxbXvov itfrsy ed non^aair 
vfiag, vvv oiv axiipaaS-By ndxBQov BrS-dSa fiBvovr^g 
rovTO ^ovlBvOBOd-B 7] Big rdniTTidBia inavBlS-drreg. 

6 i/Mol flBV OVV doXBly BTIbI BrS-dd^ OVT doyVQlOV BXOflBV 

&(Tt dyoQaCfBiv oiir avBV aQyvQiov iwOi la/i^dvBiVy 
BTtavaXS-orrag aig r&g xibfiag, bS-BV oi rftrovg iojoi 
Xa/Lt^dvBiVy BXBi Bxovrag rdniri^dBia dxovovrag o ri 
Tig Tj/Lidfv Ssiraiy alQBiod-ai S ri &v rifiiv doxf] XQdri-- 

6 OTor Bivai, xal Sxcpy aq)!], ravra doxaiy aqdrw rrjv 
X^^QCX" dvhaivav obiavrag. ^Aniovrag roivWy acptj, 
avaxavaQaa&By xal kiBiddv naQayyiD.ri rigy Bnaa&a 
r(p riyovfiavcp, 

7 Mara ravra ZBvoq)ibv fiBv riyairoy oi d^ ainovro. 
7iQo'i6vro)v da xal naQi* AqiOTaQX^^ ayyaXoi maiS-ov 



LIB. VII. CAP. III. 231 

dnoTQijieaS-ai* ol d' ov^ vni^xovor, snei 3^ Sdov 
TQidxovra aradiovg TiQoekrjXvS^sOav, dnavrq SevSrig, 
xal 6 ABVOcpibv ld(bv avrdv TiQoaeXdoai ixilevOsv, 
HniDQ bn nksitttcjv dxovovrwv einot avrcp a edoxsi 
av/uq)iQ6iv. enei dh nQoafjlS-ev, elne S^ocp(bv' ^H/ielg 8 
noQevo/LuS-a ikiov fjUlXei a^eiv to rnqdrevfia TQoq)'^v' 
exel (J* dxovovTsg xal Oov xal ribv rov Aaxtxtvixov 
at^rjOo/utS-a St av XQaricTra doxfj elvai. i]v ovv rifilv 
VyV^V ^^of Tiksicttd B0TL rdniT'^deia, imb oov vofii- 
ovfuv ^evU^saS-ai. xal 6 JSev&Tjg aq>ri' ^A)X olda » 
xib/xag dS-Qoag xal ndrr ixovoag rdTiiri^Ssia dn- 
exovoag tj/^&v Hoov dieXB-ovreg av rjdicog d^KTviprfce. 
^Hyov Toivvvy h'q)?] 6 S^vocpibv. Inel d^ dq)ixovTO lO 
€ig avrdg rfjg delXrjg, ovvfjk&ov ot otqariibTaL, xal 
ei7i€ ^^S^g Toidde. ^Eyo), & dvdQeg, deofiai vficbv 
(TtQarevsoS'ai ovv i/ioi, xal vnioxvovfiai vfilv diboeiv 
rolg OTQaridyraig xvl^ixrjvov, loxayolg dh xal OTQa- 
rriyolg xd vofi^ofiava' e^o) da tovxojv tov d^iov 
Tifjiriao}. airla dk xal nor a wotibq xal vvv ix rfjg 
X^Qag lafiPdvovreg a^evs' ondoa d^ av dliaxrfvai 
d^iA avxbg syetVy %va xaijxa diaxi&e/Lievog v/ulr xbv 
fiioS-bv noQiQo). xal xd fiev (pevyovxa xdnodtdQa- u 
axovxa rifielg Ixavol eOofxeS-a diibxsiv xal fiaoxeveiv 
av de xig dvS-iOrfjxai, Ovv vfilv neiQaOofiB&a x^f-Qov- 
oihai. in^Qexo 6 Zevoq)(bv' IToOov (J' dnb S-aldxxrjg 12 
d^icbaeig Ovvinead^ai Ooi xb OxQaxev/xa; 6 d^ djiexQi- 
vaxo' Ovdafif] nlelov bixd '^/ucQcbv, /tulov ds noXlaxfj* 

Mexd xam edidoxo Uyeiv xw fiovlo/uevaf xal is 
ileyov 7io)lol xazd xaind oxi navxbg d^ia Xeyoi 



2:52 LIB. VII. CAP. in. 

2^ev&Tig' /eiuwv yaQ htj xal oxh^ oYxad^ dnoTxlsTv rib 
' TOVTO ^ovXofjUvip dwarbv airi, diaysriad-ai t iv q)iXi<f 
ov/ oiov T€, ei dboi (bvovfiirovg l^fjv, iv dh rfj noXe- 
fiia diaTQipsiv xal TQiq)aaS'ai dacpaleOreQOV /ueia 
Zevd-ov rj /iidrovg. ovrcov rf' dyaS-thv roOovriov, el 

14 /maS-dv TiQoolT^ifJoivTO, svQTjfia edoxBi elvai. enl rov- 
Toig eJjuv 6 SBVoq)(bv' Ei rig dvriXiysi, )^y€ra}' el 
de fxrij e7iiifrrj(puo xavra, enel (J' ovdelg avreXeyev, 
enei/j^q)iOe, xal edo^e ravra, evd-vg de ZevSji einev, 
Sri av(JTQaTev(S0LVT airtat, 

15 Meza Toij&^ ol fi^v cllloi xard rd^eig eOX'^- 
vTjOav, (ttQOTTj'yovg de xal ko/ayovg enl delnvov 

16 Seijd-rig exdXeOe, TikrjOiov xd)/Lcr]v ex(ov. kiel d' 
enl &VQaig rjOav d)g enl demvov TiaQdvreg, ^ ng 
^ HQaxkeidrig MaQCJvelrrig' ovrog nQoCivjv evl exdcxip 
oxjOTivag (peto exeiv ri dovvai 2ev9^, nqartov /uev 
TiQog UaQiavovg rivag, oX naQfiOav cpiUav diaTiQa-- 
^ofievoi nQog M^doxov rbv ^OdqvOwv ^aOiXea xal 
dd)Qa ayovreg avrip re xal rfj yvvaixl, ekeyev bri 
Mijdoxog fihv dvo) eirj dcbdexa rifieQ(bv dno S-aldrTrjg 
odbvy 'S^vS-rig d^ enel rd OTQarev/ua rom ei7.riq)ev, 

17 aQX^v eOoiTo enl S-aldrTt]. yeircov ovv wv txavd)- 
rarog eorai vfidg xal ev xal xax(bg noielv, rjv ovv 
ao)q)^ov7(te, T0VT(p diboexe otiovv ay ere' xal daeivov 
Vfilv drj xeioerai fj edv MriSoxip rep nQoOa) olxovm 

18 dibre. TovTovg fiev ovrajg enei&ev. adS-ig de Ti/ua- 
aicovi T(p JaQdavel nQoaeX&d^Vy enel rjxovoer avrib 
eirai xal exnib/iara xal rdnidag ^aQ^aQixdg, eXeyev 
8x1 vofii'Coid'^ onoT enl delnvov xaleOai ^Sevd^rjg 



LIB. VII. CAP. III. 233 

dw^elaS-ai avT(p rovg xlrj&evrag. ovrog S^ ijv fjiiyag 
bvd-ade yevrftaif ixavdg eOrai as xal o'ixada xarayayBiv 
xal iv&dde nXovOiov Tioifjoai. roiavra nQovfiv&ro 
ixdovcp TiQoOiibv. TiQoaslS'cbv de xal ABVoq)(bvTi hleye' 19 
2v xal Ttokeiog /ueyiOTrjg el xal naQa SsvSji rb abv 
iivofia fieyicnov iozi, xal iv Tfjds rfj /copoj lOcog a^iib^ 
Oeig xal Ter/r] Xa/u^dveiv, wOncQ xal allot rcbv vfiett- 
QO}v ela^oVy xal j^doQav' a^iov oiv Cot xal jueya- 
loTtQSTtiotara ri/afjoai Sevd^rjv, evvovg de Cot A^ 20 
7iaQaiv(b, ei olda yaQ on o(f(p av fieiQoi rovrcp 
dcjQ'^ar], ToOovTcp jusiZo) vnb rovrov ayaS^d neiosu 
dxovcDv ravra Zeroq)(bv rpioQer ov yaQ die^s^rjxeL 
exoyv ax ITaQtov el /irj nalSa xal ooov iq)6diov. 

^Enal d' aiafjlO-ov iul xb delTivov ribv re Oqc^- 21 
X(bv ol XQdriOtoi tujv TiaQovrcov xal ol OTQarrjyol 
xal ol lo/^ayol rwv ''E)lrjv(x)v xal ei rig TiQeOjSsia 
TiaQTJv aTib nolacDgy rb dainvov /uer riv xaO^rj/uevoig 
xvxlip' sjieiva dk TQinodeg elcSrivexd^aav oirtoi d^ 
rioav XQSibv /leotol vsvefiTjuercov, xal oIqtoi Zvfxlrai 
[xtydloi TiQoOTteTieQovri/uavoi rjOav nqbg zolg XQsaOi. 
fidliOza d* al XQdnsQai xazd rovg ^evovg del hi- 
S-evTo' vofjiog yaQ riv — xal TiQioTog rovr sTioiei 22 
^SevS^jg, xal dvelojLievog roifg iavxip naQaxeifievovg 
aQTOvg diexla xaxd fiix^bv xal i()Qi7ixsL olg avrib 
idoxsi, xal xd XQsa djoavxcog, boov /lovov yevaa- 
aO^ai iavxdj xaxalmwv. xal ol allot dh xaxd xavxd 23 
inoiovv xa9^* ovg al x^dTxe^ai hxsivxo. ^AQxdg de 
xig ^AQvOxag iivofiay cpayelv deivog, xb juhr diaQQin- 
xtiv eia x^^Q^^^y }^Pibv d^ eig xijr x^^Q^ oOov xqi- 



234 LIB. VII. CAP. III. 

/^oivixov cIqtov xal XQsa S-i/ievog inl ra yovara 

24 tdtiTivH. xi^aza d" oivov 7ceQUq)€QOV, xal navxeg 
idixovTO' 6 d' It^QVOrag, Inei naq axnbv q)iQWV rd 
xsQag 6 oivoxoog rjxevy siTiev Idwv rbv SBvo(p(bv- 
ra ovxhi deiJivovvra, ^Exeivcp^ aqri], dog' OxoXaCei 

25 yaQ iidrj, iyw d* ovdenm. dxovoag 'SevS^g ripr 
(piorijv riQibra rbv olvox^ov ri k&yei, 6 d^ etnsv' 
iXlr]v^eiy yaQ rpiiaTaxo. inavS-a /uv dij yihog 
iyiveio. 

26 ^EttsI de 7tQ0VX(OQ€i 6 noTog, elafjlS-ev avri^ 
0QqS mnov excDV kevxdv, xal la^cbv xiQag fxaCibv 
eiTis' IlQonivio aoi, & 'Sevd^y xal rbv ititiov tovtov 
dvDQOVfiaiy ig)^ ov xal dabxiov ov av iS-ilrjg atgi^Oeig 

27 xal a7iox(OQ(bv ov fir] dsiarjg rbv tioH/lciov, ailog 
nald^ eladywv ovxmg idwQTjaarOy xal ailog l/Ltdria 
rrj yvvaixL xal Tifiaoiiov TiQonivayv idwQi^aaro 
q)idlriv t" aQyvQdv xal Tamda d^iav dixa fivibv. 

28 rvridinnog di rig ^A&rp^alog dvaordg eiTisv (hi «(>- 
Xalog HT] vo/xog xd)Jki(nog rovg jusv e/ovrag didovai 
Tib l^aadel ri/irjg evexa, tolg dh /lcti Mxovoi didovai 
rbv ^aodia, iva xdyw, eq)rj, e^o) dot dcoQeiod-ai 

20 xal rifidv. 6 dk A^vocfibv ipioqEiro xl nonjarj' xal 
yaQ ixvyx^^^^ ^S xc/udb/iavog av x(p nXrjaiaixdxcp 
dicpQtJO SavSji xaSrifxavog. 6 d^ ^HQaxXaldrjg axa- 
Xavav avxat xb xaQag oQa^ai xbv olvoxoov, 6 da 
Zaro(pwr, rjSrj yccQ vnonanwxajg hvyx^'^^y dvaaxrj 

30 S-aQQakacog da^d/uavog xb xagag xal aiTiav* ^Eycj Sa 
Ooi, (5 ^av&riy did(Dfii a/uauxbv xal xoi)g a/uovg 
xovxovg axaiQOvg q:ilovg eivai niOcovg, xal ovdav* 



LIB. VII. CAP. III. 235 

c&forra, dkl& nuvxag fidXXov eri i/uov dot /?oi;/o- 
fiirovg q)iXovg elvai, xal vvv naQeiOiv ovdiv (f€ 3i 
TiQOOavtovvTBSy oLXKa xal nQoUfievoi xal novelv vneg 
00V xal TiQOXivdvvevBtv id-alovreg' /i€&^ (bv, av ol 
d-Bol S-iXaxJi, noXXrjv /WQar ttjv /lev ano'kriyjei na- 
TQipav ovaaVy rrjv Se xttjObi, nokXovg 6^ iTiTiovg, 
nolXovg d^ avd^ag xal yvvaixag xaraxt'^Oei, ovg 
ov kr^edS^ai Ob Sei^Osi, dXX^ airtol q)£QOvreg naQ- 
ioovxai ngbg oh dib^a. avaotag 6 Sevd-rig Ovve^inia 32 
xal OVYxaxBOxedaOaro fist* avrov rd xigag. fierd 
ravr* etofjlS-ov xi^aoi re oYoig orj/uaivovoiv avXovv- 
reg xal Oahtiy^iv (b/uo/^oeiaig ^vS^/uoug re xal olov 
fiayadi OahttQovteg. xal avrog 2evS'rjg dvaordg 33 
avixQaye ri noXefiixbv xal i^laro &07ibq ^ekog 
g)vXaTT6/uvog fidX^ iXaq)Qwg. eiofjoav dk xal yeXo)- 
TOTioioi, 

^£2g d^ rjv rjXiog kfxl dvo/ialg, dviorrjOav ol 34 
"EkXijvsg xal elnovy on wQa vvxToq)ijXaxag xaSi- 
(ftdvai xal ovr&rj/ia naQadidorai, xal 2^ev9i]v ixs^ 
Xsvov TiaQayyelXai bnwg eig rd ^EXXrjvixd oxQaro- 
Tieda jLirjdelg rwv Oqccx&v el'oeioi vvxrog' ol' re ydg 
TioXi/iioi 0Q^X6g riiuv xal VfuTg ol g)iXoi. (bg (J' 35 
iS^Oav, ovvaviorri 6 2€vSi]g ovdev ri fieS-vovri 
ioixibg. i^eXS-cjv S^ elntv avrovg rovg OTQaTTf/ovg 
dnoxaXeoag* ^£i HvSqegy ol noXefiioi rjfiibv ovx ioaol 
710} rijv Tj/iersQav ovju/uaxlav i]v ovv eX&o}fiev in 
adrovg, nglv q)vXd^aod'ai ioOte /it] X7jq)9'fjvai r/ na- 
QaOxevdoao&ai wot* d/xvvaoS-aiy fidXiOr dv Xd^oi- 
fuv xdvS-qibnovg xal ;fp7j^ar«. OvvBnf(vovv ravd^ 36 



23G LIB. VII. CAP. III. 

ol arQaTTjyol xai ijyeToS^ai ixe)^vov, 6 d* atTte* Ua- 
QCiOxtvaOauivoi arajnivere" iyo) d^ onorav xaiQog 
fl i'^o) TiQdg vfictg, xal rovg neXraOtag xal Vfidg 

87 (hala^ioy iiyi]oouca ovv roig i'Tinoig. xal 6 Zsvo- 
(fCbv eZnrf J^xiipai joiyvv, eiticq vvxzog noQevOofuS-ay 
d 6 "^Eilririxbg v6/uog xdXhov €x^r fitS-^ rjUEQay 
fitr yaQ tv raig TiOQeiaig ^jyeirai rov OrQarevjuaTog 
oTioior ar del TiQog Tr]y /c6()«y Ov/ug)iQri, sav d^ 
oTihTixov ear re Tielraavixdv lav S-^ biTCixov vv- 
XTWQ ()'e vouog roig ^'E)lrjaiv iiyeiaS^ai to ^Qadirta" 

88 rov* ovTio yccQ ijxicra diaOnarai to (TtQarev/ua xal 
i^xiOTa Xai'S^avovOiv dnodidQaOxovrsg dXlrjlovg' ol 
de diaOnaoO-ivTsg Ttolldxig xal neQinintovOiv dXlrj" 
loig xal dyvoovvreg xaxibg noiovoi xal ndoxovOiv, 

39 eiTiev ovv 2^€vS^g' ^OQO-wg liyete xal iyd) rep vd/iw 
r(b vjutriQcp Tteioojuar xal Vfiiv fihv riysfiovag dwoo) 
T(x)v TiQea/^vrdrcDv rovg i/LuisiQOTdrovg rrjg ;fc6p«g, 
avTog d' iq)€i/jo/uai rslairtalog Tovg Yjinovg excuv 
rayb yd^ TtQ&rog, dv derj, naQsOo/Ltai. Ovv9i]jua 
d^ elnov I4d^vaiav xard rijv Ovyyeveiav. xairc ei- 
Tiovreg dvenavovro. 

40 'Hvixa (J' ^v dfi(pl juioag vvxrag, naQ7]v 2*615- 
\}rjg hx(JDv rovg InTteag reS^wQaxiO/uevovg xal rovg 
TrelraOTag ovv roTg bnloig. xal insl naQidtoxs rovg 
rjye/Lwvag, ol /Lthv 6:7)JTai riyovvzo, ot dh neXraOTal 

41 BiTiovTOy ol (J* Ijinfig d)jiio9'oq)vXdxovv' enel rf* rj/uiQa 
riVy 6 2^€v9^g TiaQi^Xavvsv eig to TiQooS^ev xal bjiji-- 
veae rov *^E).Xrivix6v vo/uov. noX'kdxig yaQ €q>rj vvxtodq 
avTog xal Ovv dXlyoig TiOQevo/ievog dnoonaoS-fivav 



LIB. VII. CAP. III. 237 

ai)v Tolg innoig and rwv TteCo^v vvv d^ djOnsQ del 
aS^Qooi Tidvreg cl/ua rfj fifiBQa (paivofie&a. olIX v/usTg 
fiiv neqifiiv^ avrov xal dvaTtaveod-s, iyd) dk axe- 
xpafievdg ri rj^o). rairt eiTKbv rjlavve di!* OQOvg odor 
Tiva Xa^cbv. tmel d^ dcplxer elg /lova nokkrjVy eoxe- 42 
yjaT ei eYrj Y^vri avS^Qibnoyv i] nQoOo) rjyovjueva r; 
ivavria. kiel d^ drQi^fj ewQa rriv odor, fixe ra^v 
ndhv xal hlcyev ^'AvSqeg^ xaXibg eorai, i]v S-eog 43 
O-ilf]' roi)g y^Q dvS-Qibnovg Xi^oojuev emneoovreg. 
d)X £^0) fiev riyridoiLiai rolg YTtJioig, oTtwg civ riv 
idco/ueVy /uij di^acpvywr Orj/ui^vrj rolg noXe/uioig' v/ueig 
d^ ^leods' xctv Xeiq)&fjre, r(p (Tti/^a) tojv ltijKjdv 
eJieoO-s. vneQ^dvreg dh zd oqt] ij§o/uev elg xtb/xag 
nolXdg re xal evSaifiovag, 

^Hvixa d^ riv fie(Sov 7\fxeqagy ijSr] t ijv kil rolg 44 
dxQOig xal xaridcjv Tag xihjuag rjxer elavvojv nqbg 
Tovg onUrag xal eXeyev* Aq>rjO(o tjSt] xaraS-elv rovg 
/lev htJieag elg rd nedior, rovg de nekcaordg kil xdg 
xwjuag, dXX^ eneoff* wg dv dyvrjoS-e Ta/tofoc, dnwg 
edv rig vq)i(Ttfjrai, dle^a&e, dxovoag rav&^ 6 Ze- 45 
vocpvjv xari/^Tj and rov mnov. xal og rj^ero* Ti 
xara^aiveig enel Onevdeiv del; OiS% e<pr], bri ovx 
e/uov fxovov deer ol d^ onllrai O^drrov dqafiovvrai 
xal rjdcov, edv xdyoj neQdg rjydy/uai. fierd ravr 46 
(pX^o, xal Ti/iaolcjv /uer avrov ex(ov Inneag (bg 
rerraQdxovra rwv ^EXXtjvwv. Zevo(pd>v de naQrjy- 
yvride rovg eig rgidxovr etrj naQievat dnb rwj' 
lo^wv evQwvovg. xal avrbg /tiev hQo^aX^e rovrovg 
excov, KXedvwQ d^ riyelro rujv dllwv '^EkXijvcov, enel 



236 LIB. VII. CAP. III. IV. 

d^ ir ralg xdjuaig rfiavy ^^evO-rjg e/CDV Haov tqiA- 

47 xoviV Li:iiag 7tQOOb)Aoas etTte' Tdde dtj, w Aavoq)(bv, 
a Ool tleyov* k/ovzai ol ciy^Qconoi' a)J.a yaQ sqtj- 
jLioi ol l7i7if]g oi'xovral /uoi clllog ai.hri dubxwv, 
didoiza fxi] OvOravrtg aS-Qooi Ttov xaxov n i^yd- 
OLovrai ol Ttoliuioi. del de xal iv ralg xcb/uaig 
xarafxeyeiv rivdg '^/ucbv jtieOral yaQ eioiv dv&Qwnwv. 

48 l^)X iyo) /uev, ecp?] 6 SsvocpibVy Ovr oig e^io ra 
cixQa xaraXtji/jojuar Ov ds ID^droQa xi)^VB did rov 
Tiediov TiaQarelvai rijv q)dlayya nagd rag xd)/uag. 
tTiei de ravT enoirjOar, <yvvr]Xia9^0av drdgdnoda 
fier etg ///ta, /iosg ds diOx^Xioi, nQo/Saza dXka fiVQia, 
Tore /uev di] avrov rivUad^Oav, 

IV. Tfi (J* vareQalq, xaraxavoag 6 JSev9i]g rag 
xibjuag TtavreXwg xal olxlav ovdefiiav lm(bv, bTiwg 
q)6/3ov ivsit] xal roig dXloig ola nsiaovraiy dv /jlt] 

2 Tiei&wvrai, dnfjei ndXiv. xal ttjv /Ltkv Xelav oji- 
txefi\pe diariS-eoS^ai 'HQaxlsidrjv slg HbqivS-ov, bnwg 
dr] juiod-og yevoiro xolg axQaTubraig' avrog Sh xal 
ol *^'E)J.rjV€g iiTtQaroTisdedovTO dvd xo Qvvibv nadiov. 

3 ol d^ ixXmovTsg ecpsvyov elg ra oqi], riv da ;ficbi' 
TioXiA] xal yjv^og ovTwg ware to vda)Q 8 acpaQovxo 
ijil deJjivov kiriYvvTo xal 6 olvog 6 iv roig dyyaloig, 
xal Twv "^EilriviDv noll&v xal Qlvag dnaxdovro xal 

4 (hra. xal xora drjlov ayavaro ov avaxa ol 0Qqxag 
rag dloynaxag anl ralg xacpaXalg ^OQOvai xal roig 
(hoi, xal /iribvag ov /udvov naQl roig araqvoig d'Kkd 
xal tibqI roig /LtrjQolg, xal 'C^iQag fiixQ^ ^^^ nod(bv 

5 anl rd)v ititicov a/ovaiv, dXX^ ov ;fA«/^i5(Ja^, dq)ialg 



LIB. VII. CAP. IV. 239 

Sri el /LLTj xaza^TjcSovTai olxrjaovreg xal neioovrai ol, 
xaraxavoei xal tovtwv rag xdb/uag xal zov alrov, 
xal dnolovvrai zip h/u(p. ex rovrov xare^aivov 
xal yvvaixeg xal naldeg xal 7iQea/3vreQor ol de 
vedrteQOi ev raig vno to oQog xcb/uaig rjvli'Covro. 
xal 6 2ev9i]g xarafia&vjv exe)^v(Je rov S!evoq)(bvTa 6 
r(bv bnhTOJV rovg vewrdrovg Xa^ovra OvveniOTie-' 
oS-ai. xal avadtavreg rfjg vvxrog ajLta rfj rifxeQa 
na^fioav elg rag xw/uag, xal ol juev nXeldroi e^- 
ecpvyov nKriaiov yaQ riv rb oQog' oOovg d^ ela/^e 
xarrjxovrioev acpeidibg Sev&Tjg. 

^EnioO-evrjg d^ riv rig ' Okvv&iog, Sg Idvov nalda i 
yMlov rj^doxovra ciQri TteXrrjv e^ovra fiellovra dno^ 
xh^jlOxeiVy nQoodga/ucDv Zevocpibvri txereve /iorjS^aai 
naidl xaXw, xal og nQOOeXS-cov rip JSevSjj delrai 8 
fii] dnoxreivai rov nalda, xal rov ^ EjiioS-evovg di- 
riyeirai rov r^dnovy xal on Xo/ov nore OvveXe^aro 
oxoTtwv ovSev aiX ij ei riveg eiev xaXol, xal /lerd 
rovrcDv ^v dvrjQ dyaS^og. 6 de 2ev&rjg iJQero' ^H % 
xal ed-eloig av, & ^Enlo&eveg, vneQ rovrov dno- 
S-aveiv; 6 d^ vneQavareivag rbv r^d/jiXoVy ITaie, 
eq>r], el xeXetiei b nalg. enTjQero b 2^eij9^g rbv nalda lo 
el naloeiev airtbv dvr exeivov, ovx eia b nalg, d)X 
ixheve jurjdereQov xaraxaiveiv, evravd^^ b ^Eni- 
od-evrjg negila^cDv rbv nalda elnev "^'ilQa Ooi, c5 
Sevd-Tj, neql rovde /uoi dia/LtdxeO&ai' ov yaQ fie- 
S-i^Oo) rbv nalda. b de 2^ev3i]g yelojv rairta fiev ii 
eia' edo^e d' avrw avrov avXioO-Tjvai, iva /^Tjd^ 



23ii LIB. VII. CAP. III. IV. 

d^ er ralg xtouaig ijOar, I^evO-rjg exoiv Soar tqiA- 

47 xoViF hmag nfQoaeldoag bItib' Tade di^, (b Asvocpibv, 
a aol hleyor' kx^rrai ol av&Qwnor alka yaQ tQTj' 
jiioi ol iTjTifjg oi'xovrai /uoi aXJ.og aXXtj ^libxajv, 
dadoiyM ui] avazdrreg aif-Qdoi nov xaxov ri iQyd- 
aiorrai ol TioXiuioi. del dh xal ev ralg x(hjuaig 
xaTafiimv rirdg Tj/ucdv' fieOtal ydQ eloiv dv&QWTiwr. 

48 yikV iyo) /tier, eq)rj 6 abvo^vjv, Ovv olg e/o) ra 
cixQa xaTalrnpofiar Ov dk K)^dvoQa xileve dice rov 
Txediov Tia^atblvai rrjv q)dlayya na^d rag xcb/uag. 
inei Se ravx* fTioirjOav, avvrikiad^dav drd^dnoda 
fib' eig //A^a, /Soeg dh di(Jxi)joi, nQo/iaza alia juvQia. 
Tore fdv df] avrov rjvllad^Oav. 

IV. Tfj (J* varsQalct xaraxaijaag 6 JSevS-rig rag 
xcbfiag navrehbg xal olxiav ovde/ilav Xmwv, bjiwg 
cpo^ov eveir] xal roig aXloig ola neloovrai, av fiij 

2 Ttsi&winrai, aTifiei ndXiv, xal rrjv /ukv keiav dji- 
ensjuyjs diaTiS-eoS-at ^HQaxleidr]v etg IleQiv&ov, onwg 
drj juio&dg yevoiro roig (TtQaTid)Taig' avrog dh xal 
ol ""Eilriveg iozQaTonedsvorro dvd rd Ovvwv nediov. 

3 ol d^ ixXmdvreg €q)evyov eig rd dQr]. fiv dh /iwv 
Tioklr] xal ipv/og ovrog djOre rd vdwQ o icpeQOvzo 
ijil delTivor eTii^yvvTo xal 6 olvog 6 ev roig dyyeloig, 
xal T(bv "^ E}J).riv(Dv no)X(bv xal qlveg dnexdovro xal 

4 (hra. xal rore SrjXov iyevero ov evexa ol Ogaxeg 
rag dlconexdg inl ralg xecpaXaXg (pOQovai xal roig 
(boi, xal xirwvag ov fidvov tibqI roig are^roig dUA 
xal tibqI roig /urjQolg, xal 'C^i^^g /ui/Qi rcbv 7iod(bv 

5 enl rwv mnoyv e/ovOiv, dXk^ ov /Xafivdag. dq>ielg 



LIB. VII. CAP. IV. 239 

^h Twv alxf^oL^ojTiav 6 2ev9i]g €ig ra oqt] eXeyev 
on d fii] xaTa^rjaovrai olxrjaovreg xal neiaowai ol, 
xarazavOBt xal rovrwv rag x(bfiag xal rdr alror, 
xal anoXovvrai rdp hfi(b, ex rotjrov xari^aivov 
xal yvvalxBg xal naldeg xal nQsa^vreQoi' ol dh 
vedyrsQoi ir ralg vnb rb oQog xd)/LtaLg rjvU^ovro. 
xal 6 ^^evd-Tjg xarafiaS-dyv ixelevae rbv SevocpAvra 6 
r(bv oTthribv rovg vswrdrovg la/iorra Ovvsjiioni'' 
aS-ai. xal dvaOrdvreg rfjg vvxrbg cl/ua rfj rjfisQa 
TiaQijaav elg rag xdb/uag. xal ol fiev nXsloroi i^- 
icpvyov nXrjOlov yap ^^v rb oQog' Saovg d^ eXa^e 
xaTrjxdrriOsv dg)eiSibg 2€v9i]g. 

^ ETHOO-evrjg cJ' '^v rig ^Olvv&iog, Sg iSwv Tialda 7 
xalbv ri^daxovra aqxi TtiXrrjv h/ovra fiilXovra dno^ 
&vr\OXHVj TiQOddQafiaiv Zsvocpibm Ixheve /iorjS^aai^ 
natdl xakw. xal og TiQoOeX&wv rep JSevSjj dslrav 8 
fjLT] dnoxTslvai rbv nalda, xal tov ^ EnioS^ivovg dir- 
riyuxai rbv tqotzov, xal Hxi loxov norh Ovvsle^aro 
oxonwv ovSkv aiX ij ei rivsg siev xaloi, xal /Lterd 
TOVTCDv Tjv dvriQ dyaS-og. 6 de SsvS^g tjqszo' ^H 9 
xal iS-iXoig civ, & ^Enio&sveg, vnsQ rovrov dno^ 
&aveiv; 6 d^ vneQavarelvag rbv TQdxrjlov, Ilaley 
eq)r], el xskeiiei 6 nalg, eni^Qeto 6 SsvS^g rbv nalda lo 
d nai(Sei€V avrbv dvr exsivov, ovx €ia 6 nalg, dXX^ 
IxhBVs firidheQov xaraxaivsiv. ivravff' 6 ^Eni- 
o&evTjg 7i€Qda/3d)v rbv nalda einsv ^Ii2pa Ooi, & 
2evih], ne^l rovda fioi SiajLLdxeoS-ai' ov yaQ fie- 
S^riOo} rbv nalda. 6 dh 2ev3i]g yelibv rairta jllsv ii 
eia' hdo^s d' avTa> avrov avlioO-rjvai^, Xva (Jir\d^ 



240 LIB. VII. CAP. IV. 

ix rovTWv T(bv xoyfi&v ol inl rov Sqovq TQdq)oivTO. 
yal airtdg fiev kv Tip nediijo vnoxara^ag ioxtfyovj 
6 dh Sivo(p(bv B/^CDv Tovg eniXixrovg ir rfj vnd rd 
ijfjog av(x)ruTO) xcb/urif xcu ol akXoi "HXi]V€g ev rolg 
'ocfdoig xalovfievoig 0Qq§l nkrjalov xaTsaxTJrriOav. 

12 *Ex rovTOV TjiieQai t' ov nolkai diezQi^ovTO 

xal ol ix rov OQOvg Ogaxeg xara^aivorreg nqbg 
rbv ^^ejjd-Tjv neql anovSwr xal ofiriQwv dieJiQavtovro. 
xal 6 Ztvocpvjv elS-cbv €)^y€ rtp 2€v9j], 8ti h 
TiorrjQolg axrjvolev xal nlrioiov eiev ol noXi/uior 
ildiop T av e^o) avXiQeaO-ai ecpri kv ixvQolg x^ujQioig 
jiidlXov i] iv rolg Oreyvolg, &0x anolMoQ-ai. b dh 
d-aQQtlv ixhlevs xal eSei^ev o/urjQovg naqovrag airtrnv. 

18 IdaovTo dh xal avrov ZsvocpAvrog xara^aivovrig 
Tiveg Tvjv ex rov OQovg ov/uTiQd^ai oq)i(Si Tag anov- 
dag. 6 d^ (buoloyei^ xal ihaQQelr ixihvs xal rjyyvaro 
jLiridsp avTOvg xaxbv TiHOaaS^ai nsi&o/Liivovg JSevd^}]. 
ol ()' a()a ravT eXeyov xazaOxoTirjg evexa. 

u Tavra jukv rfig fj/usQag iyivsTO' sig de Ttp^ 

eniovaav vvxra biiTi&evrai ikS-ovzeg ix tov OQOvg 
ol OvvoL xal fjye/ucDV /nhv iiv 6 deOTtdrrjg exdorrig 
Trig otxiag' )(^a).e7ibv yccQ 7jr Si}J.wg Tag oixiag Oxo- 
Tovg (ivTog dvev()i(Sxeiv ev Talg xcbjuaig' xal yccQ al 
oixlac xvxlcp nsQiearavQWVTO /ueydkoig (TiavQolg twv 

u TiQo/idTWv eyexa. end d^ iyevovro xard Tag S-VQag 
ixdorov rov olxrj/LiaTog, ol juihv eiar]x6in:uov, ol da 
Tolg axvrdloig a/Saklov, a ay^aiv acpaoav d)g dno- 
xoxfjovTag ribv doQdrcov Tag loyxag, ol 3^ eveJiifjL" 
TiQaOav, xal Zaroq)wvT dvo/naOTl xakovvTeg a^idiTa 



LIB. yn. CAP. IV. 241 

ixikevov dnoS-vijOxeiv, ij airtov €q>aOav xaraxav- 
S^aeO&ai. xal rjdrj re diet rov 6Q6q>ov iq>aiv€To le 
TiVQ, xal ivreS^CDQaxiO/uivoi ol nsql rdv SBvoq>(bvTa 
svSor fi^av aonidag xal /LcaxaiQag xal XQavrj exovrsg, 
xal Silavdg MaxlcTtiog h(bv wg dxrioxaiSexa Otj- 
jualvei rfi oahtiyyr xal evS^vg BXnrid(bOiv edna- 
0/iivoi^ ra §ig)ri xal oi ex rwr alXiov Oxtp^cD/iidrcov. 
ol dk &Qaxeg (pevyovdiVy wansQ di] TQoTiog riv airroig, i7 
oma&€v 7i€Qi^aX6/u€V0L rag nilrag' xal avrd)v vtisq^ 
alkofuvijDV Toi}g OtavQovg iXriq)9^adv riveg XQBfia-- 
O&evreg evexofievo)v rwv neXribv roig oravQoig' ol 
Sk xal ane&avov a/uaQTovreg zcbv i^odwv* ol d^ 
"^'EkXrjfyeg iSiwxov e^co rfjg xd)/u7]g. rdtv de Ovv(bv is 
V7ioaTQaq)evT€g rivhg h rep oxoxei rovg TtaQarQe- 
Xovrag nag^ oixiav xaofuvriv rjxovr^ov eig to (fwg 
ix rov axorovg* xal etQwOav *^l€Q(bvv/u6v r Evodea 
Xo/^aybv xal Osoyevrj Aoxqov loxayov dniS^ave 
d^ ovdeig' xarexavS^ /uirroi. xal ioO^g rivcov xai 
CxevT], Ssvd^g d^ rjxs ^ori&(bv ovv inrd Innevoi 19 
roXg TiQibroig xal rov Oahtixrriv excor rbv 0Qdxiov. 
xal mel nqwrov fjoS^erOf Hoovtibq /qovov i/Sojj&ei, 
ToOoihov xal rb xsQag ecpd-iyYBro avr(b' vjore xal 
Toijro (po^ov OvfiTiaQioxs rolg Tzoksfiioig. inel d' 
rikS-ePy ide^iovro re xal hleysv bri oioiro reS-vewrag 
Tiokkoi^g evQTideiv, 

^Ex rovrov b Stvocpwv ddrai rovg bfiriQovg 20 
T avrcp naQadovvai xal kxl rb oQog, ei lSov).eraL, 
CvorQareveod-ar el dk /a^f avrbv idoai. rfj ovv 21 
vOreQaia naQadidoyoiv 6 'Sev&rig rovg S/ariQovg, 

Xenopliontis Anabasis. 16 



242 LIB. VII. CAP. IV. V. 

7iQ€(ffivTiQ0vg clvdQag "qdrj, rovg XQazifTtovg, wg Mq>a^ 
Oav, Tory dQcicDv, xal aircbg tQ/^^iu Cvv rfj diryd/iei. 
ridri d^ elx^ xal ZQinXaoiav diiva/iiv 6 SedOrig* ix 
yaQ T&v ^OdqvC&v axovovxeg & TiQciwoi 6 SevSijg 

22 TTollol xari^aivor avOTQarevOo/Lieroi. ol dk Owol 
end eldov dnd rov OQOvg nolloijg /ler oTikkag, 
nolXovg dh TielTaOrdg, nolloug rf* hmieagy xaxa- 
^dvreg txhevov aneiaaoS-ai, xal navd-^ w/Lioloyovv 

23 noiriOeiv xal niardt la/i^dveiv ixiksvov. 6 dk 2^€vS7ig 
xaXeOag rbv S^ocpwvra kitedelxvvev a Xe/oi€v, xal 
ovx civ sept] (STtBiaaaS^ai, el S^ocpwv ^ovXoixo rifjAjh- 

24 Qriaaad-ai avrovg rrjg eniS^eOewg. 6 (J* ehuv' ^AlX 
tyi^Y* ixarrjv vo/utXo) xal vvv dixrjv ex^iv, si ovroi 
d'ovXoi eaovrat dvt eXevS^eQWv. avfi^ovXevevv /uerroi 
eq)r] avrib to Xombv o/ui^QOvg Xafi^dveiv rovg Stfva- 
Tiordrovg xaxov t« noielv, rovg de yeQOVTag oixoi ear, 
ol fAev ovv ravrf] ndvreg di] TtQOOw/uoXoyovv. 

V. ' YneQ^dlXovcSt de TtQog rovg vtcIq BvQavriov 
0Qaxag elg ro Jelra xaXov/uevov avrtj (J' ^v ovTchi 

2 aQ/T] MaiaddoVy dXkd TriQOvg rov ^OSq^oov. xal 
6 "^ HQaxXeiStjg evTavS-^ e^oyv rijy ti/lltiv z^g Xeiag 
TxaQfjv. xal 2ev9^g e^ayaywv l^evytj rifiiovixa TQia, 
ov yaQ riv TcXelo), ra d^ aXka ^oeixd, xaleOag Sevo^ 
q)cdvra ev exeleve Xa^elv, ra (J' aXXa 3iavel/Ltai rolg 

3 (nQarriyolg xal Xo^ayolg, Sevo(p(bv d^ ehcev' ^E/uol 
fiev rolvvv dgxel xal av&ig Xapelv rotiroig Sk rolg 
(TtQarrjyoIg Swqov oIl ovv i/nol rjxoXovd^aav xal 

4 Xo^ayolg, xal rmv tevyojr Xa/n^drei^ ev fikv Tifia" 
ala>v 6 Aaqdavevg, ev de KXedvtoQ 6 ' OQ/ouh'tog, 



LIB. VII. CAP. V. 243 

Ji' dh ^Qvviaxog 6 l^xo^iig" ra de ^osixct ^svyi] 
ToTg loxayolg xarefisQiiSSi]. rbv dh fiioS^bv anodi^ 
d(o(Siv i^eXrjkvO-drog rjdfi rov /Lcrjvog eixoOi fiovov 
^u€Q(bv' o yaQ 'HQaxleidrjg eksyev on ov nXelov 
ifinoXifiai. 6 ovv Sevocpibv dxO'iO&elg slnev mo^ 5 
fidaag' Joxelg juoi, w '^HQaxlsldrj, ov/ d)g del X7\-^ 
deoS'ai XatJ^of at yap ixridov, rjxsg av q)6Qa)v 
TthrKfTi rdv fjnoS-bv xal TiQoadaveiod/itevog, si fii] cikXiog 
idvvo), xal dnodo/uevog rd aavrov l/udria. 

^EvTev&€v 6 "^ H^axUidrig tixH^aaSi^ re xal Mdaiae 6 
fjLTi he Trig Sevd-ov (piUag ix^XtiS-elrj, xal o ri edvvaro 
and ravrrig Trig Vf^Q^S Savoq)(bvTa dii^aUs n^bg 
2!€V&i]v. ol /Lihv dri OtQaTiajTai Zevoq)(bm ivsxdlovv, 7 
<)Ti ovx eixov Tbv /Lciad-ov 2^€v97]g d^ ijxB'^o avrip, 
Uti ivTovlog Tolg OTQaTicoTaig dnfftBi Tbv fiidS^ov. 
xal Tiiog /Lihv del i/Lu/uvrfco d)g, bieiddv em S-dXavtav 8 
^niX&rj, naQadibasL avT(p Bicdv&rp^ xal Fdvog xal 
Niov Tsl/og' dnb dh tovtov tov /qovov ovdsvbg 
Mti tovtcjv ifiifivrjTo. 6 yaQ "^ H^axlBidrig xal tovto 
die^e^X'^xsi, (bg ovx da(pai^g sirj Tsi/r] naQadidovai 
^vSqI dvvafiiv exovTL. 

^Ex TOVTOV 6 /u€V Zevoq)(bv e^ovXevecOy tI xqV ^ 
noieiv tisqI tov eri avo) OTQaTSvea&at' 6 d^ ^H^a^ 
xkeidrig etoaya'/wv Tovg aXXovg OTQaTriyovg TiQbg 
SevSip^ XsyHv t ixiXevev ainovg, 8ti ovdhv av 
7[tTov Oq)6lg dyd'yoiev ttjv axQaTidv i] Zevoq)(bv, 
t6v t6 fiicd-bv VTiKS/velTo avTolg evtbg oXiywv rifiB^ 
^(bv exnXeiov TcaQedBaS-ai dvolv /Lcrivolv, xal avorga-- 
Z€iJ6(f9'ai ixiXeve. xal 6 Ti/uaoicov einev* ^Eyd) fihv lo 

16* 



244 LIB. VII. CAP. V. 

Tolvvv ovd^ av nivre fiTjVibv fuoS-bg fjukkr] alvta 
OTQatevOoUfiTiv av civev Zerog)wwog. xal 6 ^^wi'- 
axog xal 6 KUavcoQ avveo/nokdyovv rip Ti/uaciaryu 

11 tvTBv&Bv 6 SevOTjg eXoidoQei rdv '^HQaxXeidtp^ Sri 
oif naQexdlei xal ZevocpAvra, ex dh xovrov naga-^ 
xdkovdiv ainbv fiovov. 6 de yvovg rov "^HqaxXeidov 
rrjv TiavovQyiar, on ^ovXoit avrov dia^aiJ^iv n^bg 
Tovg a)lovg aTQarrjyovg, naQegx^^^ ka^ojv rovg 

12 T€ orQaTTjyovg ndvzag xal rovg Xo/ayovg, xal hiei 
Tiavtsg traioS^aav, ovveCTQaTevovxo xal dq)ixvovv-^ 
rai iv de^ia exovreg rbv Uovzov did zojv Mskivo- 
cpdyiov xalov/uevcDv Oqaxvjv elg rbv JSod,/uvdri(f(f6v. 
svO-a Twv elg rbv Uovzov nXeovOwv vewv noilal 
oxekkovai xal ixnimovcsi' rivayog ydQ i&tiv til 

13 ndfinoXv rfjg &aldTtrig. xal ol Ogaxeg oi xard 
ravr olxovvrsg (TtrjXaig oQiodfuvoi rd xa&^ avroijg 
exniTirovra exaotoi XfjQovrai' racog d' ileyov tiqIv 
oQiaaaS-ai dgnaQovrag noilovg vii dkXrji^wv ojio- 

14 d^vfiaxeiv. ivraviy rjVQioxovro noilal /ukv x)uvai^ 
Tiolld dh xi/3wTia, noilal dh ^i^koi yeyQa/ujuaraiy^ 
xal rdlla nolld oo^ iv ^vlivoig ravxacSv vavxkrjQOi 
dyovOLV. evTBV&BV ravza xaraCTQeipd/Mvoi djifjaav 

15 ndhv, evS^a di] 2ev9i]g elxa Or^drev/LLa TJdrj nkeov 
roil "^Eilrjvixov' ex re yaQ ^Od^vOiov noXv eti 
nkeiovg xare^e^rixeoav xal ol del TieiS-o/uevot. ovve^ 
OTQazevovTO. xarrjvkia&tjaav d^ iv rep nsdicp vjihQ 
Zrjkv^Qiag ooov TQidxovra oradiovg dnexovreg rfj^ 

16 S-akdrrrjg. xal fiio&bg /uhv ovdeig nm icpaiv^o' TiQbg 
dh xbv Sevocpajvra 6i re OTQariajrai nayx^^^^^^Q^ 



LIB. VII. CAP. V. VI. 245 

fl/ov 8 re 2^6v9rjg ovxiri oixsiiog dUxeirOf aiX 
oTtdre ovyyeveaS-ai avrtp ^ovXofievog eX&oi, nokkal 
ijdti «^/o^*«^ scpaivovro. 

VI. ^Ev Tothip T(p XQ^'^V flJf^cJoy rfdrj dvo /urp^&v 
€vt(ov aq>ixvelT:ai XaQfiivdg &^ 6 AAxvav xal noXv- 
vixog TiaQa Oi/^Qcovog, xal leyovoiy on Aaxedai^ 
jLtovioig doxel OTQareijead'ai inl TiOOacpBQvriv, xal 
Oi^QCJV ixTiinlevxev (bg Tiole/urjOwv, xal delrai 
ravTTjg rfjg OTQOTiag xal iAyBi bri daQSixbg ixdarip 
Marat fucS-bg rov /4^rp^6g, xal rolg koxayoTg di/uoi^ia, 
rolg dk (TtQarrjyocg TBT^a/uoiQia, enel d^ rikS-ov ol 2 
AaxedaifiovLOiy evOvg 6 "^ H^axXeidrig nvO-o/Lterog on 
€Jil rb OTQarev/Lta ijxovoi Xeyei rip SevSjj bn 
2cakkuTt6v n j^eyivtftai* ol /usv yaQ Aaxedaifiovioi 
Movtat rov (ftQarev/Liarog, at d^ ovxhi deev' ano^ 
Sidoi)g dk TO azQarevfia /aptc? avroigy ah d^ ovxen 
^nain^aovai rbv fiiaS-dv, dkX^ anaila^ovrai ix rfjg 
XfJ^QC^S* axotjaag rav&* 6 SeuS-rig xeXevei naQdyetv' 3 
xal sJiel shiov Sn bil zb avQaTev/ua rptovaiVy eleyBv 
on rb ax^axevfia aTtodldcosi, epilog re xal av/U" 
jLcaxog elvai /iovlerai, xaXei % axrtovg ml ^evia' 
xal i^ivil^s /uyalo7tQe7id>g, SBvoq)(bvra d^ ovx ixaXei, 
ovdh tAv HlXixiv axqaxr\yO)v ovdava. iQCOTibvriov 4 
^k T&'y Aaxedai/ioviwr rig dvriQ eirj ABvocpwv dn^ 
ex^ivaro iki xd /ukv diX eirj ov xaxog, q>iXoaTQa-' 
ncbrrjg di' xal Sid rovro ;f€?pdy ionv avrdp, xal 
<n ehcov ^AiX ri Srj/Ltayioyel 6 dvi]^ rovg drd^ag; 
seal 6 ^HQaxl€0rjg, Ildvv /uh ovv, ecpr], ^Aq odv, 5 
eq)aaavy /nij xal rj/ilv avavn(baetai rfjg dnaycoyfjg; 



-Hf *:fui£u kcTf i Smsnoihrz, nAM^cETTS-z crnc^ 



7#yfi {^tjur^ 'W*; armjz'' ma. *jliT , %^.- *^* Inewiter 

TiMi-^ytt ^ixifmi SsrsE^ 

xrfkxmci' fv ->*.> frrj ^x r«ifr. tot t' ij[&^r 

ur/arrf^ die to 'Iciiortr. (Trgcrrjoi; <Ie to TTr|KCTAorr. 

% 7UU fA mff^ziuSnei affuivm r fmtcar xai ev9v^ 
iivUnaiai ng rarr \4^ptadcnr rot- Zaro(fmrto$ xar-- 
rf/fff/ffi4yifr, Tiafyf^r di xai ^ei'&rz ^mrhiurros ddirau 
xi 7iQayf}r/UT€Uf X€u ir tir^z6€p HOirpcH tyjor ip~ 

^ fir;via' owui de x€u airo^ iilTprtatl ra TUMOra, 
ivfhi dr^ )P/H i j^Qxdg' l4iX f^tuig uivj & Aaxt- 
daifjUfVUfij xax Tidi^ti^ av r^iuv ziaff vuIyj et fiij 
ZtvwffOfv riudg devQO ' miaas dcir^^aytWy ey&a dij 
Tj/Jtis fiiv xhv dnvhv yHfWiva OTQarevo/uvoi xai 
vvxra xai iifiigav ovdkr TunavfuO-a' 6 dh xovg 
ijftiaiifovg 7i6vovg i^W xai l^evSxig ixeivov luv 
10 li)la 7nnloircixtVf "fj/Ltag d* AnoareQel xbv /uiaS-ov^ 
{i)(ti /yof fjilv el xovxov Xdoifxi xaxaXsvoS-irxa xai 
Mna ftlxiiv (hv ij/^dg nsQislkxs, xai xbv ftiaS^bv 
ilv /not (hnth t'Xtiv xai ovdhv hi xolg nenovrj/uivoig 



LIB. VII. CAP. VL 247 

clxO'iOd'cH" /ueia tovtov akXog dviazTj o/ioiwg xal 
allog. ix Sh tovtov Savocpwv ale^ev wSe' 

li4kla ndvTa fjikv oIq cIv&^cdtiov ovta tiqoo- ii 
doxdv dslf bnoTB ye xdyw vvv vqy v/awv ahiav 
€X(JO iv q) TikeiCTTiv TiQoSvfiiav i/Mavrib ye doxA 
Ovveidevai neql vfiag 7iaQeOx'>]/^vog, djietQcmd/urjv 
fiev y rjS?] olxad^ WQjurifiivog, ov fjid tov Jia ovtov 
nvvO-avofurog v/udg ev TiqaTTBiVy aXXd fidilov 
dxovcov Bv dnoQOig alrai (bg (bq)Bl'qO(jt)r bc ti dvvai- 
fiTjv, BTiBi d* TikS-oVy 'SbvO-ov ToiTvovl TiokXovg dy^B' 12 

lovg TlQOg B/IB TlBjUTlOVTOg xal Tiolkd V7li(SXV0VflBV0V 

fioiy bI TiBicaifii v/Ltdg nqbg airvdv ikS-Biv, Toiho 
fihv ovx BJiBXBiQTiOa TtoiBlv, (bg avTol v/uBig Bmora-- 
ad^B, Tjyov d" Hd-BV oj/LtTjv Tdx^OT av v/udg Big Tr]v 
^Aaiav dia^fjvai. Tai/ta yaQ xal ^iktiOr ivdfiiCov 
vfxlv Bivai xal v/udg ijdBi.v ^ovko/uBvovg. btibI (J' 13 
l^QiiJTaQX^S ikS-wv ovv TQiTiQBOiv ixd)XvB dianlBiv 
rifidgy BX TOVTOV, otibq Bixog drffiov fiv, avvilB^a 
v/udg, i>7io}g ^ovlBVOai/uB&^ o ti xOV^^*^^^- ovxovv u 
v/julg dxovovTBg /ubv ^AQiaraQxov hxiTaTTovTog v/ulv 
Big XBQQovrjOov noQBVBad-ai, dxovovTBg dh Zav&ov 
TiBi&ovTog BavT(p OvOTQaTBVBO&aLy ndvTeg /ubv ikB- 
yBTB Ovv 2^Bvdji Uvai, TidvTBg d^ hprig)ioaa9'B TavTa, 
tL ovv iyo) Bvraviy r/dixrioa dyayvjv v/udg BvS^a 
ndaiv v/ulv bSoxbl; btibl yB fir/v rpavdBO&ai^ rJQ^aTo 15 
^^BvO-r/g tibqI tov /uioO-oiJ^ bI /ubv kiaiv(b avTov, 
dixaiwg av /ub xal alTiibaS-B xal /uiOoItb' bI dh 
TiQoO&Bv avT(p ndvTVJv fidkiora q)iXog cbv vvv ndv~ 
TiJDv diaq)0QibTaT6g bI/ui, Tiibg av eri dixaicog vudg 



248 LIB. VII. CAP. VI. 

aiQov/uevog dnl 'Zevd'ov inp VfiGiyv ahiotv e/oi/u 

16 TttQi wv Tipog TovTov duKipiqofjuu ; 6Xk* Btnoir &v 
Uri ioTv xai ra vuereQ^ ^x^vra ra nsql ^^evO-ov 
TexvaC,Hv. ovxovv dfikov rovro /e, etrBQ i/uol itiXsi 
Ti SevSrjQ, ovx ovrcog hUti Srpiov (bg &v x Ifioi 
dolt] 0Ti{fOiTO xai aiX Vfuv aTKnlOEUVy &iX oljuai, 
el ididov, txi rovrw &v edidov ihiwg i/uol doig 

17 tiielov fit] anodoir] vuZv to nlslor. eiroivvv otlrcog 
ex^iv oiead-e, 6§e(mr v/uiv ccvrixa fKxXa /uaraiav 
TavTTjv TTjv n^d^iv af.upOTeQOig ^julv TioirjtTai, i&v 
Tipamyr' avror ret /Qi^uara, dfikov yap iki SsvSijg, 
€1 i'xio ri naQ avrov, oLnatTriOei fu, xai anairriiSU 
fuyroi dixaiiog, iar /ui] fis^aUb r^r nga^cv aircm 

IS tip* fj edi»}^d6xow. dkla nolXov deco ra v/LtersQ^ 
i'/eir' ojuyvu) yap v/uv d-sovg ndrrag xai Ttdoag 
fi9]d' a iuol idia vnicx^eto J^vi&rig bx^iv' naQeOti 
(^f xai avTog xai dxovtov (fvroidi fioi el htiOQxd)' 

10 IVa dk fidXXov &(n\udarjfr€y (Wvf:i6/Lirv/LU /Lifjd^ & 61 
a/Mi CTQarrD'ol ekafior eiXrjq>kyaiy fiij xoivw firid^ 
oaa Tioy XoxayCbv h*ioi, xai ri &i] ravr inoiovr; 

2v' ipfi^i^'y ayd^g, ikup udilar avuq>iqoifu rotrtm TTjr 
Tore .imai% rooovrm udXXor avrinr q)iXoq>Qoyi^ 
inoOtti^ onore dvraa&eir,. iyih &* Simu t avrdv 
oi}ib ev .iparroiTff xai Yiyrmoxm dij avrov rijr 

21 ;i(6iii;r. eiioi <Ji; ng dr, ovxovr aifJ/vvei ovno 
UiO^og fcoianiii^rcv: riu ua Ji ffi)(vr6fMnrj[y fjiiv^ 
xkx%\ fi tao .loleuiov j'* orrog i§f p a n r j 9rp^' q>iixp 
^' oiTi fciT.7crmr aiaxior iuh doxH drcu ^ igccta- 

tt raaiKri. f.i« i ye -1(hv ytioiv ^^ qrvijaxr^, ztdaar 



LIB. VII. CAP. VI. 249 

oW TifidQ g)vXaSa/LUvovg, (bg /Lti] noQaOxsiv rovrcp 
7iQ6q>aaiv dixaiav /Ltij anodtdovai rifiiv & vniox^o* 
ovTB ykQ r\dmi\CafAfy rovrov ovdev oihe xare^Xa" 
TtBVCafiBV ra rovrov ovdh firiv xaredsihdoafuv ovdey 
iq/ 8 ri rifiag ovrog naQSxdleOev. dlXd, q)alr] rig 23 
civy sdsi rdvixvQU rore ka^elv, wg /atjd^ si i^ovXero 
idvvar^ iSanardv. n^bg ravra di] dKovfiaS-^ ct eyd) 
ovx av nor eiTiov rovrov ivavriov, si fj^t] fioi nav- 
rdjiaOiv dyvd)/iovsg sdoxslr sivai ij liav slg sjus 
dxd^KTtoi, dvafivricS^ijts yccQ sv noioig rial n^dy- 24 
fiaOiv orrsg hvyx^'^^^y ^ ^^ v/Ltdg syoj dvr^ayov 
TiQog 2^svdijv. ovx slg /uv UsQivdw nQoafjrs rrjv 
TtoXir, l^QiiUaQX^S ^^ v/u^otg 6 Aaxsdaifi&yiog ovx 
sXa slaisrcu dnoxXfiOoLg rag nvXag; vnai&Qioi d' s§w 
iOTQaroTisdavsrs, jusoog ds ;f«t^cbi^ ^y, dyo^a d^ sxQfj^ 
oiys andvia (asv oQwvrsg rd ojvia, OTtdvia d^ sxov- 
rsg orcjv (bvola&s, dvdyxTj d^ riv fisvaiv snl G^dxr^g' 2") 
rQirjQSig yd^ sq)o^fiov(Sai sxtbXvov dianXslv si dh 
fisvoi rig, sv nols/iifjc slvai, sv&a nokkol fisv Innfig 
TjOav svavrioiy noilol ds nskracttai, rifiiv d^ dnXi" 26 
rixov fisv riv ^ dS-Qoot /lisv lovrsg em rdg xdb/uag 
iacjg dv s&uvd/is&a alrov Xa/i^dvsiv ovSsv ri «- 
(pS^ovoVy orq> ds diibxovrsg av fj avSgdnod^ i] TiQo^ara 
xarsXa/uPdvo/usv ovx fiv rifiZv ovrs yaQ Innixov 
oxirs TtsXraorixbv svi syo) avvsartjxdg xarsXa^ov 
TiaQ Vfilv. si ovv sv roiavrrj dvdyxrj ovroyv Vfiibv 27 
firid^ ovrivovv fiia&bv nQoOairrjOag 2svSi]v OVfifza- 
Xov vfilv 7iQoasla/3ov, sxovra xal Innsag xal nsX- 
raOvdg &v vfislg TiQoOsdsia&s, ^ xaxwg dv sdoxovv 



248 LIB. VII. CAP. VI. 

al^ovfjihvoQ arrl ZevS'OV tHp" Vfi&v ahi<xv exoi/Lti 

16 TisQi &v TtQog rovTov dux(p4Q0ficu; Alk* eiTtoit' &v 
bri ioTi xai ra vuhe^f exovra ra nsql 2^ev3'ov 
rexvaCeir, ovxovr dfjlov tovto ye, eiTtBQ iiuol etilei 
Ti 2evdi]g, ovx ovtvdq hikei drpiov (bg &v t Ifiol 
doit] (ftiQOiTO xal aiX v/luv aTKniOEUVy all* ol/uai, 
el edidov, ml rovrw &v edidov Hnwg e/iol doig 

17 uelov /u^Tj dnodoitj vuZv rd nlelor. el roiwv oSrcDg 
exeiv oiead-e, e^ecmr v/ulv axnixa fiala /Ltaraiav 
ravrrp^ rriv n^a^iv djuqxyteQOig tifiiv noirjtTai, i&v 
n^arrrft avrbv ra XQ^.ua^ct, dfjlov yaQ Sri 'S^d^g, 
el l/cy ri na^ ccvrov, anairrioei fie, xal aixaiTfidei 
fiirToi dixalwg, edv fii] fie^aicb rrir n^a^cv adrip 

18 iq)^ fi edwQodoxovv, alia nollov did) ret ifxheQ* 
exetV ofivvo) ya^ vjmv S-eovg navrag xal ndaag 
/uTjd^ a ijuol Idia vneOx^o 2^€v9^g exeiv' naQeaxi 
de xai ainbg xal dxovmv dvvoide fjioi el enioQXCJ' 

19 iva de /udllor S-av/udarjre, Ovve7t6/uyv/ii /itj^^ fi ol 
allot OTQaTTiyol ela^ov ellriq>evai, fxif rolvw firid* 
baa Twv loxayAv evioi. xal ri dii ravr eTiolovr; 

20 affiTjv, avd^sg, boip /idllov 6v/u.q)iQ0i/ii roiJTcp ttjv 
Tore neviav, tooovtco (idlXov avxhv q>ilocpqovii'- 
oeoS-ai, dnore dwctaS-eir], eyo) d* Sl/ua r avrbv 
oQib ev TiQaTTovra xal yiyvwaxo) di] avrov rijr 

21 yvayfiTjv, einoi dt] Tig av, ovxovv aloxvvei ovro} 
/LiihQwg e^anarcb/uvog; val fid Ji '^Oxvvo/irjv /lev^ 
rdv, el imo nolefiiov y ovxog e^rptarriS^v' q)il(p 
d* OWL e^anardv aioxi6v fioi doxel elvai ij e^ana" 

22 rdaO-ai. enel ij ye ngbg (pilovg eOtl q)vlaxri, nddav 



LIB. VII. CAP. VI- 249 

old^ Tifi&g q)vla§a/Luvovg, Ag firj na^aaxBtv rovrcp 
TiQotpaaiv dixaiav jLLtj dnoMdvai ri/uJv & wxioxsro' 
oiixB ykQ ftdixriOafjiBy rovrav ovdhv oihe xare^Xa" 
xev0afi€v ra rovrov ovdh /Ltrp^ xaredsikidoa/uv ovdky 
i(p* 8 Ti iifjiag ovzog nccQSxdleOev. dlkd, q)air] rig 23 
aV, Met rdve^VQa tots ka^elVy d)g /u^tjd^ si i^ovX^o 
iSvvar* i^anarav. n^dg ravra dr] dxovifaS'^ & iyo) 
ovx civ nox eiTiov tovtov kvavriovy si fii] fioi nav^ 
rdjiaOiv dyrw/Ltovsg edoxslr elvai ri liav sig i/ue 
dxdQKftoi. dva/LtvTjO&TjTe yaQ iv noioig rial nqdy- 24 
fiaOiv ovreg «rt;y/«i^6T6, ^ &v vfiag ^cb dvi^ayov 
nqhg 2wdijr. ovx eig fuv UepivSw TtQoafjre rrjv 
TiohVy l^QiiTraQX^S ^^ v/iotg - 6 Aaxedaifio^iog ovx 
Ha alaiercu dnoxlfiOag Tag nvkag; vnai&Qioi d^ «?co 
iaTQaroTisdevere, jLtiaog dk ;f6t^cbi^ ^y, dyoQa (J' s/QV^ 
oiya andvia /uiv oQwvreg rd ajvux, OTtdvia S^ s/ov- 
rag oxcov (bvolad-B, drdyxtj d* riv /uerecv ml GQdxtjg' 2) 
TQi^QBig yaQ ecpoQfxovCai ixiblvov dianXalv el dh 
fievoi rig, iv nokejuiif alvai, ev&a nollol /ukv tnnrjg 
fiaav ivavTiOL, noiloi dk neXra&cai, ri^lv d^ ojili- -26 
Tixdv /LL€V riv q> dS-Qooi fihv iovreg kid xdg xcb/uag 
iacjg av iduvd/LieS-a alrov ka/u^dveiv ovdav ri d- 
(pd-ovovy 8r(p di ditbxovxBg av i] dvdQdjiod^ rj nQo/Sara 
xarelaju^dvo/usv ovx tjv rifuv oihe yap limixov 
ox)TB nektaarixov eti eyd) avveorrjxdg xarila^ov 
TiaQ* Vfuv, ei ovv iv roiavTrj dvdyxrj ovrmv Vfiwv 27 
/u^rjS* ovrivovv fxiad-bv nQoaaiTTjaag Sev&tjv av/n/ua- 
Xov v/ilv TiQoaila^ov, a^ovra xal Innaag xal naX- 
raoxdg &v v/uaig nQoasdaiad-a, ^ xaxwg dv idoxovv 



250 LIB. VII. CAP. VI. 

28 VLilv ^hpovUva&ai 71q6 vfi&v; rovrary yccQ drftov 
xoirwrrjaavreg xal Olrov aq)9'0V(irt€Q0v ev toXq xcofiaig 
rjVQiaxtTe dia to dvayxaCsod-ai rovg O^qxag xara 
aTiovdrjr /udkXov q)€vy€iv, xal nQo^drojv xavd^a- 

29 Tiodwv jueriaxeTB, xal noXi/uiov ovxhi ovdir" icDQan 
/Lisv sTieidrj rb kimxbv tj/uv nQoasyevero' riwg ds 
S'aQQa)Jcog rifiiv eq>ei7iov&^ oi Tiole/uioi xal btTiixw xal 

30 TiBkcaOTiyAp. el ds dtj 6 av/Lt7iaQix(ov vfiiv zavrriv xr[v 
aCq>a).Biav /lij 7id/LL7roXvv fzioO-bv n^oaerilet, xovro 
di] rb Ox^Thov naS^fia xal did tovt ovda/Lcfj oiead-s 

31 ;fp^at ^d)n:' iuh dvelvai; vvv dh di] 7i(bg amQ- 
/fcx^-e; oif diaxBi/Lidaavrsg /ikv iv d(p9-6voig tolg 
eTiiTrjdBioigy ne^ivibv d^ exovrsg zovr ei' ri iXd^ers 
naQa 'Sevd-ov; rd yaQ ribv nole/ilcuv kdanavdxB. 
xal ravra nQdrrovreg ovt ayd^ag iTteidere vjumv 

32 avTwv dnoS-avovrag ovre t^wvrag ojie^dlets. si di 
ri xalbv ngbg rovg iv rfj ^Aai(f ^a^^dQOvg ine^ 
TiQaxTO Vfuv, oi> xdxelro Owv ex^B xal TiQog kui- 
voig vvv dyX7\v BvxlBiav nQoCBiXriq>arB xal rovg ky 
rfj EvQibjiji 0Qqxag iq)* ovg BOtQarcBvaaad-B XQarri- 
OavTBg; iyo) fihv Vfidg (fr\^i dixaimg dv &v sfiol 
XalBTcaivBTB rovrcov rolg S-Bolg x^9^^ Bidivai &g 

33 dyaS-ibv, xal rd fihv di] vfietBQa roiavra, ayers 
dtj TCQbg S-Bwv xal rd i/id axeipaoS-^ wg £/«i. syo) 
yaQ OTB fiBV TiQOTBQOv djifja oXxade, ex(ov /ubv ajiaivov 
Tiolvv TiQog VfiGiv aTiBTiOQBvd/urjv, bx(ov dk di v/ndg 

34 xal VTib Tcbv dllwv ^EH-^vwv svxXBiav. B7ti(n:Bv6/Ltrjv 
d"" vnb AaxBdaifzoviiDV' ov ydg dv (jl tnBfxnov 
TidXiv 7i()bg v/xdg, vvv d^ dnBQXofiat nqbg /libv 



LIB. VII. CAP. VI. 251 

AaxedaifiovlovQ tcp vfi&v dia^e^lLrifxivoQy 2^€v9rf 
rf* dnrixO^f^Bvog insQ Vfi&Vy Sv rjhiLCov. ev noirjaag 
fieS-^ VfxwV a7io(TrQoq)r]v xal i/uol xalrjv xai naiolv, 
el yivoivro, xaraS^asod-ai, vfielg d\ wisq &v iyo) 35 
aTtrixO^fJiOLl re nXeXtfra xai xavra nolv XQsirroaiv 
i/iavTov, TCQayfiarBvofzevoQ x ovdh vvv no) ntiaV" 
fim o ri Svva/uai aya^ov vfiXvy roiavrriv e/^evs 
yvch/uTjv tibqI sfiov. &}X ex^re juev fi ovrs cpev- 36 
yovra Xa^drreg ovt* anodidQaOxovTa ' rjv de noi'^arjS'* 
& i^iyaTBy lOS-^ oTi avd^a xaraxexovoTBg BOBCf&B nollcc 
fiBV di] TiQO Vfiibv ayQVTivriOavray nokla dh Ovv 
Vfiiv novrioavta xai xivdvvBVOavra xai bv rib fiBQBt 
xai TiaQa rd /ui^og, S-bojv d^ Hbcov ovtvdv x^onaia 
paQ^a^iDv Ttolla di] ovv Vjuiv arriOd/uBvov, bjKog 
Sb yB firidBvl rdfv "^EkXriviov Tiolijutoi yBvoiaS-B, nav 
Haov Byd) kdwafiriv nqbg Vfiag diarBivdjUBvov, xai 37 
ydiQ ovv vvv Vfiiv b^botiv avBTuhrpiToyg noQBVBO&at 
ihioi av BlrjaS^B xai xara yfjv xai xarct S-dkarrav. 
VfiBlg Sb, otb Ttolltj vfilv BVTtOQia q)aivBraiy xai 
tiXbIt BvO-a Stj BTiB&vfiBlrB TidXaiy diovral'TB vfitbv 
ol fisyiOTOV dwdfiBvoi, fiiaS-og dh cpaivetaiy rjyBjuovBg 
(J* rjxovOi ol x^driOTOi vo/uito/uBvoi Bivaiy vvv drj 
xaiQdg vfilv doxBi Blvai (bg rd^K^t* bjub xaraxavBlv; 
oi /LLTjV OTB y* BV xolg dnoqoig r\fXBVy w navrcov 38 
/LLvrj/Lcovixcbraroiy dXXd xai naTBq Bfi ixalBlzB xai 
AbI (bg BVBQysTov /uB/uvrjOBOS-ai vthcxvbIg&b, ov fxivroi 
dyvcb/uovBg ovd^ oiroi bIoiv ol vvv rjxovTBg iq)^ v/uag' 
wa&\ d)g iyo) olfiai, ovdh rovroig SoxbItb ^BkriovBg av 
Bivai TOiovTOi ovTBg neql b/ub. ravr Binwv InavOaro, 



252 LIB. VII. CAP. VI. 

39 XaQulyog (J* 6 Aaxedaifioviog dvaOrag shiey' 
Ov Tcb aid), d)X ijLiol fierroi ov dtxaicDg doxelze 
Tib avdql rovT(p ;faA«7raiV6iy gjco yog xai airtbg 
avxcp /LLa^TVQfjaai. 2^BV&rig ya^ BQonCjvxog ifwv 
xai IloXtjvixov tisqI ABVo(pwvTog rig dvijQ eiij akko 
fihv ovdhv Bi^B fu/uifjaoO-ai, ciyav dk (piXoazQaruixirp^ 
€q)rj avrdv eivai' di o xai ^ctpoy avrip elvai nQog 

40 Tj/uAv T€ Twv Aaxedaifiovioyy xai n^dg avrov. dva~ 
crag em rovrtp EvQvXo/og AovOidTrjg Itipxag ehie'' 
Kal doxel ye /loi, avd^sg Aaxedaifiovioiy roi/to 
Vfiag TiQibTOV fifiibv (tr^aTrjyfjaai, noQa SevS-ov rifuv 
rbv /uioS-ov dvaTiQd^ai ij ixovrog i] axorrog, xai 

41 jUTj TiQOTBQov Tj/Lccig dnayayslv, UolvxQdzrig d^ ^AStj- 
valog elnsr svexbg vnb Zevoqxbvtog, *0pci5 ye fxipfy 
€q)rj, & avd^eg, xai ^HQaxleidrjv evxavd-a naQovra, 
og TiaQaXa^wv rd XQV/^^^^ ^ rifislg enov^aa/jiev, 
ravT dnodo/Mvog oiks 2^€vSji dnedioxBV ovO-^ rifjuv 
rd ytyv6/i6va, d)X airtbg xXexpag TisTtazai. ijv ovv 
O(jt)q)Q0V(b/ueVy i^ofuS-^ airtov' ov yaQ drj oirtog ye, 
€g)ri, 0Qa§ ioriv, dtX "^'EkXriv ebv *^'EU.rp^ag ddtxel. 

42 TavT dxovaag b ^HQaxXaldrig fiaH i^ejiXdytj' 
xai nQoaeXS-dyv rw 2^€v97] Xeysr ^H/ulg rjv aeti- 
cpQovwfiBVy dnifiBv B7n:Bv9'Bv ix Trjg rovrwv hu- 
XQaxBiag. xai dva/SavtBg hil rovg Ihtitovg ^;forr' 

43 drcBXavvovTBg Big rb iavrwr (fTQaronBdov. xdvrtv^ 
S-BV 2^BV&rig tib/itibi ^^^qoCbX/itiv rbv iavrov aQfiri- 
via TCQbg ZBvocpAvra xai xbXbvbi avrbv xartafMslvai 
nag iavrw B/ovra ^lUovg bnXirag, xai vnidxyBlrai 
avrm dnoddjoeiv rd xb /ai(>/« rd Bid S-akdrrrj xai 



LIB. VII. CAP. VI. VII. 253 

roiiX a VTtiox^co. xal iv anoQQrfctp noirjad/LUvog 
liyu 8ri dxifixos Uokvvbcov (bg d vtcoxbIqioq eorat 
ytixxsdaifiovloig, Oixq>(bg ocjioSxilvoIto vnb 0l^Q(jovog. 
knci&vslkov dh ravra xal &}Jkoi nollol rm Zsvoq)(bvTi 44 
(bg dia^e^lrjfuvog etrj xal (pyXaTTBOS-ai deoi. 6 d' 
dTCOVCov ravra (Ji5' ts^eia la^wv i&vsTo rdb Ju r(b 
^MiksX ndrsQ ol k^ov xal cl/istvov sir] /uivsiv 
naQcc 2ev9jj e(f olg 2^€V&rjg Xiyei fj amsvai 0vv 
Tip (UQarsv/LUXTi, avaiQBi avzcp anihai. 

VII. ^Evr^S-ev 'Sev&rig fxhv djieOTQaronedev- 
Oaro TiQoawTe^a)' at d^ '"EXkriveg iaxi^rrjoav eig 
Xib/iag b&BV e/uBklov nXelOT ijiiairLOd/Lcevoi inl S^d- 
Xawav 7]§€iv. at dk xcb/uai airai riaav dedo/uevat 
vnd ^Bv&ov MrjdoadSfj. oqAv ovv 6 Mridooddrjg 2 
dojiavibfieya rd iavrov iv ralg xib/uaig vnd rtbv 
^I^Tjvcov xaXextwg €q)eQ€' xal ka^wv clvSpa ^OSqv^ 
(ftjv dvvaTortarov rwv avw&ev xara/Se^rjxorcov xal 
inneag Saov rQidxovra sQ^^ai xal nQoxalelrai Ssvo- 
(pwvta ix Tov ^Ellrjvixov (fVQarevfiarog, xal bg 
ka^ibv rivag rwv koxaywv xal dllovg rwv amrr^- 
dsiCDV TiQoaeQX^ai, ev&a drj Xeysi Mrjdoaddrjg' ^Adi- :i 
XBvt , & Sevoq)(bv, rag ri/LceviQag xcbjuag noQ&ovvreg. 
nqokiyofiBv oiv vfilvy iycb S-^ vtibq 2^bv&ov xal 
8dB avriQ na^d MtjSoxov tjxojv tov dvo) /Saadicog^ 
dniBvai ix Tfjg x^Q^S' d Sb /Ltrj^ ovx iniTQiyjo/uer 
vfiiv, dU^ idv noirjtB xaxcjg rrjv rj/uBTBQav x^Q^^y 
(bg nolB/iiovg dlBSo/uBS-a. 

^0 dk SBvoq)(bv dxovoag TavT bItibv ^AUd aol 4 
fih^ ToiavTa liyovTi xdnoxQivaoS-ai ;f«A£7rd^' tov- 



254 LIB. VII. CAP. VII. 

Tov (J* ev€xa rov veaviaxov Xi^, iv* eldfj oloi S^ 

t vfidg eOTB xai oloi rj/Ltdg. '^tulg jusr yap, Ugpiy, 
tiqIv vfiiv (fHoi yeveod-ai inoQevdjLuS'a dice Tovrrjg 
TTjg x^Q^S ii^oi i^ovko/LU&ay rjv /ukv i&€koi/Liev tioq- 

a S-ovrreg, tjv d* id-€)yOiiusr xdovreg, xal av djiore 
ctQog r^udg hlS-oig TiQeO^eviJOV, rivliQov rdre naQ 
7julr ovdiva g)o^oviwyog t&v 7ioXe/4.ia)v* vjLtng d' 
ovx fit eig rrivds rrp^ x^qavy ^ eX nm ilS-oiTef 
wg iv XQeiTToviov x^9^ TivXiQaod-* eyxexoLh^viofjUvoig 

7 rolg uiTioig. insl d^ rj/u^lv g)ikoi eyiveaS-e. xal di 
Tjudg avv S-eolg ex^^ rrjvds r7]v ;fc6pay, vvv dij 
i^elavveS-^ rj/Lidg ix rfjada rfjg x^Q^S ^v Trap* ii(jmv 
Cxovxoiv xara xgdrog naQskd^ere' (hg yag avrbg 
olaO-a, ol noXi'fjiioi ovx Ixavol riOav rifiag e^ehwvaiv. 

« xal ovx OTioyg dujQa dovg xal ev noirjOag avS*^ &v 
ev ejta&Bg d^ioig rijxdg dnone/Lct/jaoS^aiy diX djiOTto- 
QBVO/Luvovg Tjudg ovd^ ivavXioS^vai bdov dvvaOai 

"9 tTiiTQeTiBig. xal ravxa liywv oihe Ssovg alox^vei 
ovTB rovdB TOV civd^a, og vvv fih (f opa tiXov- 
Tovvra, tiqIv (J* tj/luv (pikov yBviaS-ai and XriOvBiag 

10 TOV ^lov Bxovra, wg avrog 6g)rjaS'a. aTdQ zl xal 
TiQog Bfih liyBig Tai/ta; Bcpri' ov yaQ eywy^ eti clQX^f 
dXkd AaxBdaiuovioi, olg Vfuig TtaQBdibxaTB zd of pa- 
TBV/ia dnayayBlv ovdhv kfih naQaxalBOavTBg, & 
S-av/LcaOKOTaTOi, firpiwg wotibq djitjx^'avd/Lirjv avTolg 
oTB TtQog v/idg r\yoVy ovzo) xal ;fapto'a/^ijy vvv 
dnodidovg, 

11 ""EiibI TavT 7]xovaBv 6 ^OdQvarjgy bItisv' 'Eyo) 
fiBv, & M7]d6aadBg, xaxd Trig yfjg xaradvo/iai vno 



LIB. VII. CAP. VII. 255 

rfjg aio/ijvriQ dxovwv ravra, xal el fihv TiQoa&Bv 
TptiOrAfjiriVy ovd^ av avvrixoXovS^aa 6oi' xal vvv 
aneifjii,^ ovdh yaQ av MrjdoxdQ fi 6 ^aOiksvg sjiai" 
voiTj, si i^€lavvoi/Lti rovg eveQyerag. rairv elnibv 12 
dva^ag enl rbv tnnov anriXavvB xal am* airtib ol 
ak'koi iTiTtTjg nlrjv reTTaQCDV i] nevre, 6 de Mrjdo^ 
oddr}g, iXvnei 'yccQ avrbv rj x^Q^ naQS-ov/uvt], 
eyJleve rbv Zsvoq)(brTa xaliaai ro) Aaxedaifjioviio. 
xal og Xa^d)v rovg enirridsiorarovg TiQoarjl&e r(p 13 
Xaqfiivcp xal Uolvvixq) xal eke^ev on xakel avrovg 
Mrjdooddrjg nQOSQcbv aneQ avT(p, djiiivai ax rfjg 
X^QOLg' olfiai av ovvy €g)rjy v/juag dnola^elv rfj u 
(TtQari^ rbv ocpeiXofzavov fiiaS-ov, el eibioi&^ 8ri 
dedarfcai VfiAv r\ armaria avvavoTiQd^ai rbv /uia&bv 
i] TiaQ ixovrog jj na^^ dxovrog ^av&ovy xal Hri 
rovrcov rvxovzBg nqoOvfioyg av avvsnead'aL vfilv 
cpaoi' xal 0X1 dixaia v/uv doxovoi ki'ysiv' xal Sri 
vjiiaxaaS-^ avrolg rot* dniivai 8rav rd dixaia exo^^iv 
ol (TtQariwrai. 

^Axovaavrsg 01 Adxwvag ravt" acpaOav sQaiv 15 
xal d)X oTioV av dvvcDvrai XQdrKtta' xal avSijg 
inoQavovro axovrag ndvrag rovg krtixaiQiovg, alS^wv 
(^ hlsSa XaQ/iivog' Ei fiav av ri axaig, w MTjdoaadag, 
TiQbg rifiag layaiv, ai da fjirj, ruLiaXg nqbg ah axofiav. 
6 da Mrjdoaddrjg fjidla dtj vcpai/uavcog' A7X ayd) fiav 16 
HyWy a(f7\j xal ^avQ^g ravrdj 8ri d§iov/Ltav rovg 
g)iXovg fifiiv 'yayavrijuavovg /Ltij xaxwg ndoxeiv vcf 
VfjL&v. o ri ydq av rovrovg xaxcbg noi^O-^ ri/jidg 
ijdfi not aire* rifihaQOi yd^ aioiv. "^H/ialg roivvv, 17 



258 UB. \U. CAP. VU. 

oi vvv aoi VTtTjXOoi, yevoueroi ov q>iXla rfi Ofi biai" 
aSijOav imb aov cIqx^^^^ ^^ avayxjiy xal oti cti- 
XeiQoiev av ndkir iksiid'eQOi yiyvsaSvLi, si fjL7\ x^ 

80 ainovg g)6^og xarexoi. 7i(ni(^(og ovv oiei /laXkor 
&v q)o^H09'ai % avxovg xal Oto^^oveiy ra Tt^og oi, 
€1 dQwev 001 Tovg orQcctidytag oilro} diax€i/4Svovg 
wg vvv re /livovrag civ, el cb xeXevoig, av&ig t 
&v raxv ikS-ovrag, el deoi, cllXovg re tovtwv tibqI 
aov dxovovzag noila xdyaS-a raxv civ coi &7i6tb 
^ovkoio naQayeviaS-ai, ij el xaxado^aoeiav fitft av 
a)Jkovg 001 ilS-elv di uTiiatlav ex rcbv vvv yeyevr^ 
/uiv(jt)v rovTovg r avzoig evrovareQOvg eivai rj aoi; 

81 dXXa /uTjv oidev nlrjd'ei y 7]fjmv IjeicpS-evxeg V7iei§dv 
(Tot, dila TiQoaraTWv ano^ic^, ovxovv vvv xal 
TOVTO xivdvvog /litj Xd/SoHJi nQoOtdrag avrwv rivag 
rovTwv oX vofiiQovaiv vnb aov ddtxelaS-ai, ^ xal 
Tovriov XQeinovag rovg Aaxedaifju)vlovg, iav ol 
fihv OTQaridrtai vmaxvAvrai TiQod-v/ioreQov avxoXg 
avOTQarevaead'ai, civ rd na^d aov vvv dvajt^d^oh- 
aiVy ol de Aaxedaifxovioi did to dela&ai rfjg oiQa- 

32 Tiag avvaivsawaiv avrotg ravra. Sri ye jlltjv ot 
vvv vTib aoi 0Q^X€g yevo/uvoi noXv dv 71qo9v/i6' 
T€Qov ioiev £7ii ae i] aijv aoi ovx ddrjlov' aov fiev 
ydQ XQarovvTog dovXela vndQX^^ aircoig, xqotov^ 

33 /Lcevov d^ eXevS-eQia. el dk xal r^g X^Q^^ tiqovo^ 
ela&ai TJdt] ri del d)g a^g ovatjg, noreQcug &v oiei 
dnaO-fj xaxdjv /udXlov avrrp^ elvai, el oirtoi ol 
OTQaTidxtai dnoXa^ovreg a eyxalovoiv etQi^vrp^ xara-- 
?u7x6vr€g oXxoivtOy ij el ovroi re fAevoiev wg iv 



LIB. VII. CAP. VIL 255 

rrjg aioxvvrig dxovwv ravra, xal el fuv nQodS-sv 
TptiOrAijnriv, ovd^ av avvrjxolov3i]ad dot' xal vvv 
ajiBifAi,^ ovdi Y^9 ^^ Mi^doxog fi 6 ^aOiksvg inai" 
volrj, el i^elavvoijui rovg eveQyirag, rairt slnibv 12 
dva^dg eni rbv ltitcov dni^kavvB xal avv airtib ol 
dlXoi Innfjg tiItjv rerTd^cov ij nsvre, 6 dh MrjSo^ 
oddi]g, iXv7i€t 'yccQ avrov 17 x^9^ TtOQ&ov/iivTj, 
ixslBve rbv Zsvoq)(bvra xaXeOai rd) Aaxsdaifjioviai. 
xal og la^cov rovg sTiiTrideiOTdrovg nQoafjlS-s r(p 13 
Xaqulvto xal Ilolvvixw xal eke^av on xakel avrovg 
Mrjdooddrjg 7iQ0€Qdjv ansQ avrWy dniivai ex rfjg 
X(iiQccg* olfiai av ovv, acpriy vfjuag dnoXa^elv rfj u 
OTQaria rbv dq)eik6/u€vov /LiiaS-ov, si ei7ioi&* on 
dedarftai Vfiibv tj axQand cvvavanQd^ai rbv /aia&bv 
7] TiaQ axovrog j] na^ axovrog ^av&ov, xal on 
rovrcov rv/ovrag TiQO&vjLLCog av avvajisa&ai vfilv 
cpaoi' xal on dlxaia v/lcIv doxovai Xayaiv' xal on 
vjiiaxaoS-^ avrolg ror dniavai orav rd 8ixaia ay(piOiv 
ol (TtQanajrai, 

^Axovaavrag ol AdxiDvag ravr' scpaaav sQaiv 15 
xal diX oTioV av dvvcovrai XQdnara' xal avd^vg 
anoQBvovro a^ovrag ndvrag rovg htixaigiovg, ilS-cbv 
d' alaSa XaQfuvog' El /lav av n axaig, & MrjSoaadag, 
TiQbg rjfjidg )Jyaiv, al da firi, rifiaig nqbg ah axo/uv, 
6 da MrjSoaddrjg /udla di] vcpaifihiog' ^AiX ayw fikv I6 
/Jycoy acprij xal 2^av&rig ravra, (in d§iovftav rovg 
(pilovg Tjulv yayavrj/xarovg firj xaxwg TtdaxBiv vcp^ 
Vfi(bv. o n ydq av rovrovg xaxcbg notfjS'^ "^^udg 
ijSr] Tioialra' iiuaraQOi ydp alaiv, "^Hfialg roivvv, 17 



260 LIB. VII. CAP. VII. 

rb aQy^Qiov ex^iv ex navrbs tq6jIov" iytb (Jle, & 
2sv9^, ovdhv vofjLiQo) AvSqI cIUcdq re xal aQx^yi^t 
xdkhov slvai Ttrij/mx ovdk Xa/iTiQdrsQov dosT'qg xal 

42 dixaioavvTjg xal yBwaidrrfrog. 6 yaQ ravr* ^coy 
TilovTSi /ikv ovtcov q)ila}v 7ioU.a)v, tiIoutbi dk xal 
d)la)v ^ovlofievwv ysviaS-ai, xal ei /LLev TiQdrrwv 
6XBI rovg avrrjoS^aofiivovgy idv de ri acpdkfij ov 

43 anaviX^H r(bv ^orj&riadvrcov. dlkd yaQ el /Lti^^ ex 
T(bv i/iAv eQywv xare/LLad-eg 3ri aoi ex rfjg tfjvxtjg 
q)iXog fiVy fiT[t ex rojv e/icbv Xoyiov dvvaOai rovro 
yvwvai, dkXd rovg ribv axQarionibv Xoyovg ndvrwg 
xaravoriaov" naQfja&a yctQ xal ijxoveg a ekeyov ol 

44 yjiyeiv ijue ^ovXdjLievoi. xartiyoQovv ydQ fiov Tt^bg 
Aaxedaifzoviovg (hg ak ne^l nXeiovog Tioioi/itjr ^ 
Aaxedaifioviovgy avxol d^ evexdlovv e/Ltol wg fictXkov 
juiloi fioi Sncog rd od xalibg exoi ij Btkoq xd 
eavrwv* ecpaaav de fie xal d(b^a exeiv na^d oov. 

45 xalroi rd dwQa ravra norepov oiei airtovg xaxo- 
voidv riv evidovtag fioi TiQog ak airiaad-ai fi ex^iv 
Tiagd aov i] TiQoS'V/u.lav noXXip^ neql ah xaxavo- 

46 riaavrag; iydj /uev olfiai ndvtag dvS^Qwnovg vofjuiQeiv 
evvoiav delv dnoxelaS-ai TOVT(p naQ oi dv dwQa 
Tig Xafi^dvji. av db nqlv fihv VTirjQezfjOal ri aoi 
i/ue ede^o) ridiiog xal (iftfiaai xal qxDvfi xal ^evioig 
xal 8(f eaoiTO vnioxvov fuvog ovx evsjtlfjurikaoo* inel 
dh xarkiQa^ag a e/iovlov xal yeyevrjOai Saor eydf 
edvvd/LLTjv /uiyicfTogf vvv oVtw fi ottifiov Svr kv 

47 rolg (JTQaTubraig roXfiag neQiogdv; dXXd /liiv Jki 
001 do^eiv dnodovvai mareva) xal rbv X9^^^^ dva- 



LIB. VII. CAP. vn. 261 

dida^eiv ae xavrov yi (f ov/l dviSeaS-ai rovg aol 
7rQO€/i€vovg BVBQYBOiav OQWvrd aoi iyxaXovvrag. 
dio/Ltai ovv dovy 8rav dnoSid^g, nQoSv/Ltslad-ai e/u 
noQa Tolg axQarKhxaig roiovrov noirjaai oIovtibq 
xal naQiXa^sg. 

^Axovaag ravff' 6 2^€vdi]g xarrj^daaro rep ahiip 48 
Tov fii] ndXai dnodedoG&ai zdv fjucS-ov* xal ndvreg 
^HQaxleidriv tovxov vndmrsvov elvai* eyoi Y^Qy 
eq)r}, ovre dievoi^dijv nmnort dnocTVBQfjOai dnoddjao) 
re. ivrevd-ev ndhv elmv 6 ABvocpibv* ^Ejiei roivvv 49 
diavoei dnodidovaiy vvv eyih Oov dio/uai dc i/Ltov 
dnodovvaif xal firj neQudelv fis did ah dvo/ioicog 
exovt" ev rfi OTQariq vvv re xal Sre TiQog ah dq)i~ 
xd/LuO-a. 6 d^ sinev* I4lk^ ovt" iv roig arQarKbraig 50 
saei di BfjL dri/LioTBQog av tb fiBvjig naQ^ i/iol /iXiovg 
fiovovg dnXirag bx(ov, syib aoi rd tb ;fco()/a dno- 
dibam xal rdiX a vnBaxo/Lirjv. 6 dh ndhv bitib' 51 
Tairva fihv b^biv ofJrajg ovx oiov tb' dnonB/iTiB d* 
7]udg. Kal fii\Vy Bq)rj 6 JSBvS-rjgy xal doq)akiaTBQ6v 
yi aoi Old* ov TtaQ* b/lioI /ubvbiv ij dniBvai. 6 dh 62 
Tidhv bIttbv* ^A^Xd rr\v fihv ariv n^ovoiav knaivA* 
Buol dh jLCBVBiv ovx ^"^^ ^^' oTtov d* dv Byo) Bvri- 
/LtoTBQog &y vo/iiCb xal aol rovr dya&bv saBaO-ai. 
BVTBv{yBV liyBi 2BvOi]g' A^yvQiov fbihv ovx bxo) 53 
dXk^ i] /LtiXQov Tiy xal rovrd aoi didcj/ni, rdlavrov* 
Povg d* B^axoaiovg xal TiQo^ara Big ZBTQaxiaxi^ioi 
xal dvdgdnoda Big Bixoai xal ixarov. raiha la^d)v 
xal rovg x(bv ddixijadwcDv as o/m^QOvg nQoaXa^cov 
dnid-i. yBXdaag 6 ZBvoq)(bv bItibv ^Hv ovv firi 54 



2G2 LIB. VII. CAP. VIL VIII. 

i^ixvfftai ravT eig rbv fiiaS-dVy rlvog xAXavrov 
qyfiOVi} exBiv; aQ ovXy bieidii xal kitixivdvvov fioi 
i(niVf djiiovrd y ^jlibivov ipvldtrsoS'ai nirpovg; 
rjxoveg de rag djieildg, toxb /ikv dii avrov efUivB. 

55 Tfi d^ vareQaicc dnidwxi r' avrolg a vniax^o 
xal rovg iktovrag auvti^fixpev. ol dk CTQarifbrai 
TBiog fihv hleyov &g & Zsvogmv otxoiro &g 1Svj9^v 
oixi^aoiv xal a VTziaxet" airip Xtppd/uevog* biel d^ 

56 eldovy rjoSijOav xal TiQoaiS^ov. Zevoqjwv rf* inel 
elds XaQfilvov re xal Uokdvixov^ Taxh^j Igpiy, chaoy- 
rat 8i Vfjuag rfi (TtQaria xal na^adiiwfii ccirrA iyw 
v/ulv vfielg dh diaS^i/usvoi diAdoTB rfj OtQari^, ol 
fihv ovv TiaQaXa^ovreg xal kaq>v^(md}lag XartaOvfi" 

57 oavTsg bi(bloWj xal noklijv slxov aitlav. Stvo^ 
q)(bv d^ ov nffoafiBiy aXkd q)avepbg ^ oYxads naqa- 
axeval^o/Ltevog' ov yAq tkd tfrfjg)og avrt^ knfixro 
^Ad^vriai Tte^l (pvyfig, nQOOslS-ovreg (J' avrtp ol 
hiiTrideioi iv r(b OT^aronadio edioi^o /uij dmlS-eiv, 
TiQiv dnaydyoL to (n^drev/ua xal Oi^QOivi naQadoirj. 

VIII. ^EvrevS-ev dieni^voav eig Adfixpaxov, xal 
dnavT^ ZevocpwvTi EvxXsidrjg fidvng <PUd(fiog 6 
KXtayoQOV vlbg rov rd ivrolxia iv Avxeifp yeyQa- 
cporog. ovTog ovvriSsTo Tip SBvoq)(bvri on iaioarto, 

2 xal riQwra avrbv 7i6(Sov /^i;a/oy Ijifot. 6 d* avrib 
ijio/Lidaag elnev rj /utjv saeaS-at /Ltrjd^ iq)6dtov Ixavbv 
oixad^ dniovTiy bI /utj dnodoiro rbv Yjvjiov xal a 

3 dfiq)^ avrbv elx^v. 6 d^ avrw ovx htiarevBv. enel 
(J" ma/utpav Aa/utpaxrjvol ^ivia rip Sevo(p(bvri xal 
eS-VB T(b AndlXojvi, TiaQBOrrjaaTO rbv EvxlBidrp^' 



LIB. VII. CAP. VIII. 263 

id(hv dk ra k^a 6 EuxXeidrjg einsv, on 7i€i9x>iz 

avTip fii] elvai XQW^'^^' ^^* ^^^% ^9^Vf ^h 9cay 
fiDJqi TiOT eaead-at, (paivetai ri ijunodiov^ av /utjdkv 
aXko, av aavrtp. cvvmfioloyei ravS-^ 6 ABvocp&v. 
6 d' shi€v' ^E/unodtog ydg aoi 6 Zevg 6 /utUxiog 4 
iariy xai ijii^Qeii* el rjdri &vOei^j Hotisq oixoi, €q>T], 
eimd-Biv eyd) vfuv SvedS^ai xal oXoxavrslv. 6 d^ 
ovx eq>r] i§ 8tov dnsdi^/uriOe re&vxevai rovrcp rip 
{h£(p. ovv€fiov)^vaev ovv avT(p S-vsaS-ai xaS-a eiw&eiy 
xai €q)7} avvoiaeiv knl to ^eXriov. rfj d^ vareQaia 5 
6 Serog)Wv 7iQO€l9'd}v elg ^Oq)QVviov i&vero xal 
tbXoxavTH ;fo/()ot; g zip nar^iip vofixp, xai ixakhiQei. 
xal TavTTj rfj rifxiQc^ dcpixvslrai Bioyv xal Navai-^ 6 
xXelStjg ;fp^^«T« dibaovrsg r(p (tt^arevjuari, xal 
§£vovvrai r(p A^oq>(bvri xal ^iiuiov ov ev Aa/i- 
xpaxip dnidoro ntvrrixovra SaQSixwv, vTiOTttsvovreg 
avrbv di evdauxv nenpaxivai, ori rjxovov avrov 
rfdeaS-ai r(p YTOup, Xvad/Luvot dnedoaav xal rrp^ 
ri/iTjv ovx '^d'skov dnola^HV. 

^EvrevS-er ktoQevovro did rrjg T^tpadogy xal i 
VTiBQ^drreg rrjv ^'Idrjv eig ^'Avravd^ov dq>ixvovvrai 
TiQwrov, elra nagd S-dlarrav no^evofuvoi rfjg Mv~ 
alag elg Orj^rjg nediov. evrevd-ev di ASQa/uvrriov s 
xal Kvrwviov elg Katxov nediov ekO-ovreg rte^yauov 
xaraXaju/Sdvovoi rrjg Mvaiag. 

^Evravd-a drj ^evovrai Zevocpwv 'EXlddi rfj 
Foyyvkov rov Foyyvlov rov 'EQerQiiwg yvvaixl 
xal Fo^yiiovog xal Foyyvlov fitfcpL avrt] d^ avrip ^ 
q>QaCei bri Aoiddrrig eorlv ev r(b nediip dvijQ UeQarig * 



264 LIB. VII. CAP. VIII. 

Toijrov 6q)7] amor, el hlS-oi rfjg vvxrdg avv TQia^ 
xoaioig avdQOiOiy la^elv otv xal airvdv xal yvvalxa 
xal naidag xal ra /Qtiuara ' slvat dh noXka. ravra 
dk xa&riyriaofXBvovg ene/LLyje rov re avrfjg dvet/Jiov 

10 xal Jaq)vay6QaVy bv neql nlsiarov ijiomro, €X(ov 
ovv 6 ZBvoqxjJv rovrovg naQ* iat/rip idxfero. xal 
Baalag 6 ^Hkslog fidvrig naQibv sinsv, Sri xaXki(ST 

11 Hr\ ra le^a airrip xal avtjQ aXdboi/uog sYrj. deinvri^ 
Oag ovv inoQev^o rovg re loxayovg roifg /adXiOra 
(pilovg laPcjv xal aXlovg rivdg Ttioro'bg ysysvr^^ 
fihovg dia navrog, oncog ev noii^aai airtovg. OxryB^-' 
BQx^ovrai d^ avra> xal aXXoi ^laodfisvoi elg i^axoolovg' 
01 dh Xo^ayol dnriXavvoVy Xva fiij /ueradoiev rd 
jinQog, <bg iroi/Ltwr di] XQVf^^'^^^* 

12 ^Ejiel d^ dq)ixovro neQi /ueOag vvxrag, ret fiev 
TiBQi^ ovr avd^dnoda rfjg rvQOiog xal XQi^fiara rk 
nXelar dnedQa avrovg naQa/LieXovwag , wg rov 

13 l^atddrtjv avrbv Xd^oiev xal rdxeivov. TiVQ^ofia-' 
/ovvreg d^ btibI ovx sdvvavro Xa^elv rijv rvQOiVy 
iiprjXrj yaQ rjv xal fisydXrj xal TiQOfiaxB&vag xal 
avd^ag noXXovg xal juaxi/^ovg e/ovaa, SiOQihreiv 

14 iTiexsiQTjOav rov nvQyov. 6 dk roi/og f[v ijt* dxro) 
TiXivS^eov yrjivcDv rb eigog. dfia dh rfj rifxeQa diw- 
QWQVxro' xal (bg rd TiQwrov diacpdvri, endra^sv 
evdod-ev ^ovtioqco rig o^eXioxcp dcajuTiSQsg rdv /irjQby 
rov iyyvrdro)' rb Se Xombv ixro^evovrsg moiovv 

15 fxride TiaQiivai eri d(Sq)aXeg elvai. xsxQay&twv d^ 
avrojv xal nvQOevovrwv ex^ori&ovaiv ^Ira/uevrig fihv 
eyo)v rijv iavrov dvva/uiv, ix Kouaviag J' onXlrai 



LIB. VII. CAP. VIII. 265 

^AoavQioi xal '^Y^xdvioi tnnfjg xal ovxoi /SaOilicog 
luia&oq)6Qot> d)g dydorjxovra, xal aXloi Tiskraaral 
eig dxrvaxoaiovgy allot d^ ex UaQd'Sviov, allot d^ iS 
Anollcortag xal ax r&v nlrjaiov /wqiwv xal tTtnfjg. 

^Evxavd^a di] S)Qa riv axonetv 7i(bg e(Trai 17 16 
aq)odog* xal la^ovrag 3aot rioav /ioeg xal nQo^ara 
ijlavvov xavd^anod^ inog nlaiolov notrjad/Lcevoi, ov 
Tolg XQVf^^^''^ ^^* TiQOCaxovTBg rbv vovvj alia /lltj 
q)vyT] BtTj rj aq)odogy ai xaraltndvrag ra XQVI^^^^ 
dniotaVy xal oIl ra noHfiiot O-QaovxaQot aiav xal ol 
(TTQariwrai d&v/ioraQOi' vvv d^ dnfjcyav wg TtaQi 
Tvbv xQi^l^dT(ov iJiay(pvfi^ot. anal S^ awQa Foyyvlo: n 
oUyovg fiav rovg "^'Mlrivag, noUMvg da rovg ijtt- 
xat/uavovg, a^a^x^rat xal avrog ^ia rfjg /urjXQog a/jor 
TTjv aavTov duva/uiv, jSovlofiavog /LcaTaO/alv rov 
aQyoV Ovva^oTj&at da xal U^oxlfig a§ l^liodQvtjg 
xal Tav&Qavlag 6 dnh JafiaQarov. ol da naql 18 
Zavoqxvrra anal ndvv rjdrj aniaC^ovro vno ribv ro^av- 
/udrwv xal aq)eydov(bv, noQavo/aavot xvxhp, Bncog 
rd bnla a/oiav n^bg rwv xo^avfidxoyv, fiolig dia- 
^aivovot Tov KdQxaOov nora/uovy rarQW/navot ayyvg 
ol Tj/Ltioaig, avravS-a (J' l^yaolag 2TV/uq)dliog lo/a- 19 
ydg TiTQebax^ai, rbv ndvxa xQovov /ua/dfiavog n^bg 
rovg nola/Liiovg. xal dtaOwQovrai dvdqdnoda <bg 
dtaxoOia a^ovrag xal n^ofiara oaov &vfiara. 

Tfj d' varaQalq O-vad/Mvog 6 Zavoq)wv a^dj^at 20 
vvxreoQ nav rb ar^dxavua, oncog ort fjtaxQordrrp^ 
al&oi rfjg Avdiag, alg rb fii] did rb ayyvg ahai 
(po^alod-ai, dl)^ dq)vlaxraiv. 6 d^ Aotddrrjg dxovoag 21 



266 LIB. VII. CAP. VIII. 

6ti Tidliv 671 avrdv reS^v/uivog enj 6 S^oq)&v xal 
navTi T(b (TTQorev/LiaTi rjSoi, i^avXi^etai elg xw/Liag 

22 vTio rd UaQ&eviov ndXiOfia ixoioag, irtavS'^ ol 
tisqI S'evoq)(bvTa awtxjyxAvovOiv avT(p xal Xa/u^d" 
vovoiv airtbv xal yvvalxa xal naXdag xal rovg 
mnovg xal navta ra ovra' xal oSrw ra TiQdreQa 

23 tsQa dni^Tj. enevta ndXiv dg)ixvovvrai elg HiQya" 
fiov. BwavS-a rbv S-edv i^OJidoaro £'svoq)(bv' awe^ 
TiQarrov 'y&Q xal ol Adxioveg xal ol Xo^ayol xal 
ol clXXoi (TtQarijyol xal ol OTQaruxnai &<Tt^ iSai^era 
Xa^eiv xal mnovg xal l^evytj xal T&Ha' ciad'* Ixavov 
eivai xal akkov ijdi] ev nouiv. 

24 ^Ev TOVTip Oi^Qiov TiaQaysvojLurog na^iXa^s 
t6 CrQarevfia xal avfifil^ag r(p clXXip 'EXXrjvixip 
inoXifUi TiQog Tiaaaq)iQvrjv xal ^a^vd^aCov^ 



25 ^[Aqxoy^^g di oide rfjg ^aaiXiiag xo^qag oarjv iTti^X-' 
^ofi€v. Avdiag l^QTifiag, Ogvylag AQraxd/jiag, Avtmx- 
oviag xai KanTiadoyLiag Mi&qad&vr^g^ KiXmiag Sviwsaigy 
OoivUrjg ytat ^Aqa(iiag Jeqvrjg, 2vQiag nai Idaavqiag 
BiXeavg, BafivXQvog ^PioTrdqag, Mrjdlag IdQ^dnag^ Oaai- 
avQv vLai ^ Eaiteqiiwv Tiqijiatog' Kaq8ov%ov 8k nai Xa- 
Xvfieg xai XaXdaloi ytal MdiiQcoveg nal K6X101 %al Moa^ 
avvoiyLOi Ttal Koitoi ytal Tifiaqr]vol adrdvofwi' TlaipXa- 
yoviag KoqvXag, Bid'vv&v Oaqvdfia^ogy twv iv Ei^Qdinrj 
QQ(piG)v levd^rjg, StQi&fidg avfi7tdai]g rffi 6dov r^g dva- 
ficcaewg xat yiaza^dascog arai^fiol dia/uiaioi SexaTtivTBy 
iraqaadyyai xiXioi i/.a%bv Ttevvrii^ovxa nivie^ arddta rqia- 
fivQia TBTqay^iaxiXia i^a^daia TTSwrp^ovta. %q6vov TrX^&og 
T/jg dva/Sdaewg ycat Tcara/Sdaecjg iviavtdg nal Tgeig fi^veg. 



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Illustrations. 9s. each. Library Edition, Two Vols. £,x the set. 

London, Old and New. By Walter Thornbury and Edward Walford. 

Six Vols., each containing about 200 Illustrations and Maps. Cloth, 9s. each. Librart 
Edition. Imitation roxburgh, ;£3. 

London Street Arabs. By Mrs. H. M. Stanley (Dorothy Tennant). 

Collection of Pictures. Descriptive Text by the Artist. 5s. 

Longfellow's Poetical Works. Fine-Art Edition, Illustrated throughout with 
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Magic at Home. By Prof. Hoffman. Illustrated. Extra crown, 5s. 

Master of Ballantrae, The. By Robert Louis Stevenson. 5s. 

Mechanics, The Practical Dictionary o£ Containing 15,000 Drawings. Four 

Vols. 21s. each. 

Medical Handbook of Life Assurance. By James Edward Pollock, M.D., 

F.R.C.P., and James Chisholm, Fellow of the Institute of Actuaries, London. 7s. 6d* 

Medical Handbook for Colonists. By E. Alfred Barton, M.R.C.S. 2s. 6d. 

Medicine, Manuals for Students ot (A List forwarded post free on application,) 

Metropolitan Tear-Book, The. Paper, 2s. ; cloth, 2s. 6d. 

Metzerott, Shoemaker. 5s. 

Midland Ballway, The Official Illustrated Qnide to tha is. ; cloth, 2s. 

Modem Europe, A History ot By C. A. Fyffe, M.A. Three Vols., 12s. each. 

Music, Illustrated History of. By Emil Naumann. Edited by the Rev. 

Sir F. A. Gore Ouseley, Bart. Illustrated. Two Vols. 31s. 6d. 
National Library, Gassell's. In Volumes, each containing about 192 pages. 

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Natural History, Cassell's Concise. By E. Perceval Wright, M.A., M.D., 

F.L.S. With several Hundred Illustrations. 7s. 6d. ; roxburgh, los. 6d. 

Natural History, Cassell's New. Edited by Prof. P. Martin Duncan, M.R, 

F.R.S., F.G.S. Complete in Six Vols. With about 2,000 Illustrations. Cloth, 9s. each. 

Nature's Wonder Workers. By Kate R. Lovell. Illustrated. 5s. 
Nursing for the Home and for the Hospital, A Handbook of. By Cathb- 

RiNE J. Wood. Cheap Edition, is. 6d. ; cloth, 2s. 

Nursing of Sick Children, A Handbook for the. By Catherine J.Wood. 2s. 6d. 
Orations and After-Dinner Speeches. By the Hon. C. M. Depew. 7s. 6d. 
Our Own Country. Six Vols. With 1,200 Illustrations. Cloth, 7s. 6d. each. 
Pactolus Prime. A Novel. By Albion W. TouRcfiE. 5s. 
Paxton's Flower Garden. With loo Coloured Plates. (Price on application). 
People I've Smiled With. Recollections of a Merry Little Life. By Marshall 

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Peoples of the World, The. By Dr. Robert Brown. Complete in Six Volumes. 

With Illustrations. 7s. 6d. each. 

Phantom City, The. By W. Westall. 5s. 

Photography for Amateurs. ByT. C. Hepworth. Illustrated, is. ; or cloth, is. 6d. 

Phrase and Fable, Dictionary ot By the Rev. Dr. Brewer. Cheap Edition^ 

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Picturesque America. Complete in Four Vols., with 48 Exquisite Steel Plates, 
and about 800 Original Wood Engravings. £^ 2s. each. 

Picturesque Australasia, Cassell's; With upwards of i.ooo Illustrations. Com- 

plete in Four Vols., 7s. 6d. each. 
Picturesque Canada. With about 600 Original Illustrations. Two Vols.. 

;{J3 3s. each. 
Picturesque Europe. Complete in Five Vols. Each containing 13 Exquisite Sted 

Plates, from Original Drawings, and nearly 200 Original Illustrations. £^x ; haU^ 

morocco, ^y. ics. ; morocco gilt, £s^ los. The Popular Edition is now compl^A 

in Five Vols., i8s. each. 
Picturesque Mediterranean, The. With a Series of Magnificent Illustrations 

from Original Designs by leading Artists of the day. With Frontispiece in Colotin 

from an Original Drawing by Birket Foster, R.I. Vol. I., cloth, gilt edges, £% as. 
Pigeon Keeper, The Practical By Lewis Wright. Illustrated. 3s. 6d. 
Pigeons, The Book ot By Robert Fulton. Edited by Lewis Wright. With 

50 Coloured Plates and numerous Wood Engravings. 31s. 6d. ; half-morocco, £% at. 

Pocket Oulde to Europe (Cassell's). Size s\ ii^* x si in. Leather, 6s. 



SelKlmufitm Casull * Cempan/s PtiblUatient. 



■s Dennis. 3s. 6d; 



ffUtedifai, H 



FOlyteoIiiilo States, Tb«. Practical I 

Sludeau of the PolTiechnic InitituiE, i 
Torty IdHoiv In Oknaatrr WTorl 









Poor X«ll«r In FoTVlgn Coautiiss, fto. By Louisa Twinjng. is. 

Portntlt OalleTj, The Calilneb Containing 36 Cabinel PhalDgrapbs rX 

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Coloured Piilu, nod numerous Wood Engraving!. Nra and Jteviud Edilim. 



FnnUng HoohliLeT? aud LetterpreaB Prlntint;, Modem. 



y Fred. J. F, 



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;sgle» 






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^MWd*^Mi. 




AniBrlDan Humour. 




Bkelchea by Hoe. 






Oli^urioS^^^p. 





SeUcihns frofn Casseii cfc Company* i I^tNuathns, 



Rloliard, Henry, M.P. A Biogmphy. Uy Chaklrb MtAr.t>. With I*oHmit. 711. f)t1. 

RlYers of Great Britain, The: DeBoriptlve, ttl*)lnrionl, tMi^totirti. HtV^.NB 
OF THE EAST COAST. With numeroai hlRhty-Hnifiliea tChgmviMe^. Huyiil 4ttf, 
with Etching as Krontispieca, 4311. 

RoBsettl, Dante Gabriel, ai Peilffner and Writer. Nut(?<) tiy Wii.mam 

Michael Rossbtti. f*. 6d. 

Royal River, The: The Thamei, firom louroe to lea. Wiih Itescrlptlve 'leM 

and a Series of beautiful Engravings. ;6a as. 

Russia. By Sir Donald Mackenzik Wallacr, M.A. ^a. 

Russo-Turldsli War, Cassell'i History of. Witli about ^jo XWw^UnWmn* Two 

Vols., 98. each ; library binding, One Vol., 154, 
St Cnthbert'B Tower. ByFLORfiNCK WAHimM. Cheap iUHHoH. (js. 

Sanitary Institutions, Enffllsb, Rerlewedi In their Oourse of Developmenti 
and In some of theur Political and iodal Relations. Uy Sir imn ^mnn, 

K.C.B., F.R.S. i8». 

Saturday Journal, Cassell's, Yearly Vols., j%» M, 

Science for AIL Edited by Dr. Roorrt fiRcnvH, M.A., K.f/.H., Ac. Mevi^gd 
Edition. With 1,500 Illufttntions. Fiv« Vols., ^. ^wM. 

8ea» The: Its Stirring Story of Adventurs, Peril, and HetolsfiL tif 

F. Whymfer. With 400 IllasCratfotis. ftmr VoU., j%. fA. enth. 

Secret of the Lamasy The. A Tale of Thibet^ Crown ^vo, r,'^, 

Sent Back by tlio Anflrcls; and ether hsaX\i*6n(A Uf/rM nM }Umi^1y lAftt. tif 

Fkcdekick hAMonftiMiKf M.A. f'opul'tt Jidiliffft. 1%. 

Shaftesbury, The Sereotli Earl ot K^'# Tb« UUt and Work of. f^ ^^^^il^ 

Ho&DCK, With Portrait!*. Three VoU., ^z*. /'(if^utfti' Miii<fn/inffn^^tA.^'f%.fA. 

Oassell's Qnarto Edition, Kditerl hy ('AikM.%^ tttKi Makv (jmimn 

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The Plays ot K/Jit<*xJ t>y Prof, llJt.vjtr Moi^r.^^.y. ^>>«yplefe fur 

Thirteen VoU, Cloth, in do«> »r«, 

Shakespeare. Tlie fSntfan^ oC By F.v Ooamtt, fni»(frftted. Newfidiiim, ^. 6(1 
• iBtenattesalr Aditi&n de tuxg. 

fjtiutUfi," Ilhwcraced hy fwAitx IntJ^M*, A. R. A. ;^^ i"v«. 
•* SLoff Henry IV. "* riustrated hy Her/ F^WMito f'^nr^ttftttt. 4,^ «». 
"Aa You Like Ic." IIliMcrared hy Mon<, fxMn.ic I^avxht^. ^3 i^. 
*'Roinef> and Juliet.'* IUu<UTated by fnAtf^ tyiCtC^.ity A.k.A, /y^ $1. 



With ^jO i\Uiszr3tf^A\'i, snyl An JntrM^Hif i<vn hy 1^. I. 
F J aanvAU.* C>fcAi^ £^ti&m.^ -^ 6tL Small ^i^v liioch j^iic, a^lt edi^, <^. ; i^yyho*^, >«. M. 

Tkft S^sL With £x<9xi8it« Stieei f1dte» £md W<yyf ^^n^avli^. 

Three Voia. r^s. each, 

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aplenrttrt Spar, The. &r ''i. Aiuhcr rvf " D«sarf Vfan* ftock, " *«. ^. 

Sgcons and Paatunai, QuatfPa CtsmffUm 't&tSIt^ ^ With mofi^ than (yw 

niiutrations. Ckem^ Aditwm. ^ ^d. 

Stanley is. Saaa iUfclea^ jfimtlng fbK Befng: ;t ^^vifirti (^ tbi* A4v«^fQr^ r)/ 

TaoMAS STWrBKS in aeacnh of ff. )C SrAituev. With r^ ni>M»r%i«t/)fK. ^.i'J^h, 7*1. 4*. 
Star-Land Seing^ Talks vriih Y<Mmg: Pe«»le ^bcnt the W^vmlers 'if rfie K**av*ws. 

3v S:r ^oBsar .^TAwai^ftALX, Lr.,D.. P «^..=^., F.ft.A.ii, lUtMMfi^M. C*n<m3<n. ^ 
fftT?"g» IMn^ iiL Stmig» SbuesL. iC^unpiete .SennitUHifirf StDr{e» by I^^ip^nrfsr 

Autr.ors-_55. 

5^x !ffe?r and Ortgtrfftl Dftiwftt^ by 

TSSDBHOC BASNiMOs rcptCMKCd is g hmmi B VW W . ^* 



2G2 UB. VII. CAP. VII. VIII. 

l^ixvfftai raiyt eig rdv fnad-dvj rlvog rakavrov 
qyi^aio exsiv; &q oifXy biBidii xal kptixlvdvvov /loi 
iOTiVj dbn67n:d ^ Hfisivov (pvXonrcBa&ai neiQovg; 
rjxoveg Sk rag dnsikag. rdre fikv dij avrov efuive. 

65 Tfi rf' vOTBQaict amdmxe t* avrolg ct vniax^o 

xai Tovg iXdryrag awttsfiiipev. ol dh OTQariwrai 
ricog fihv hleyov wg 6 Asvoq)wv oixoiro Ag Seij9i]v 
olxTjacov xai a xmiax^* airtm Xrppdfievog* ijiel d^ 

56 sldov, rjaOriaav xal n^ooiS-sov. Sepoq)(bv rf* btibI 
elde XaQfAivov re xal UoXiivixov* Taih^y &pi], aeom- 
ra* dC Vfidg rfi (ftQaria xal na^adidwfii avrd iyd) 
v/Xiv* vfjulg dk SiaS-ijusvoi diddore rfi OTQaxid. ol 
fihv ovv napala^ovrsg xal kaq)VQ07id)lag xara(nri'- 

67 Oavreg biibXotryy xal nolkriv el/ov alrlav. Zevo- 
(p&v d^ ov TiQOOjjsi, dXld q>avB^bg '^ oixads naQa- 
ax€vaC6/Ltevog' ov yd^ nio tfnjq)og aifxtp kifjxro 
l^S^vfjOi tibqI g)vyfjg. nQOtxeXS-ovreg rf* avrtp ol 
imrrideioL sv rtp OTQaroTiidip idiovro /u^ dTteXS-alv, 
Tiqlv dnaydyoi to Or^dxevfia xal Oi^QCovi TtaQa&oirj, 
VIII. ^Evrevd-sv dimlsvaav slg Adjutpaxov, xal 
dnavrq ABVocp(bvTi Evxleldr]g fidvrig 4>hd(Siog 6 
KXsayoQov vlbg rov rd ivroixia iv Avxeiw yeyQa- 
g)6rog. ovrog avvTidero r(b Z^oq)ibvri 3ti iaiaaxrOy 

2 xal TJQdbra avrbv ndaov ;fpi; a/or b^oi. 6 cT avrw 
BTio/aoaag bItibv t] firiv BOBOS-ai fiTjd' iq)6diov Ixavbv 
oYxad^ dmovri, bI fii] dnodovro rov Vtvjiov xal a 

3 dfiq)^ avrbv bI/bv. 6 rf' airrcp ovx BTiiatBVBv, btzbI 
S' BTiBfixpav Aafirpaxrp^ol ^ivut tw Z^ofpwvri xal 
B&VB Tip ]An6lla)vi, naQBtnTjaaro rbv EixlBl&riv 



LIB. VII. CAP. VIII. 263 

tdd)v dh TO. Uqcl 6 EuxXeidtjg tmev, on ndSwt 
avrw /Ltri eirai /Qi^/iara. l^il^ old\ eq)?], Hriy xav 
jneU.ji noT eoead-ai, tpalv^ai r* ifinddiov, av firidev 
aXko, av oat/tdf, avvcojuoloyei ravS-^ 6 Sevo<p(bv. 
6 d* ehtsi^' ^EfiTiodiog ^Aq aoi 6 Zsvg 6 /uaikixiog 4 
iOTi, xal hiriQet el ijdr] &va€iev, wOjibq oixoi, eq>riy 
eiwd-SLV iyo) vfuv S-veoS-ai xal okoxavxHV. 6 rf* 
ovx %(fr\ e§ 8rov oJieSrifiriaB rsdvxevai rovrw rip 
O-ifp, ovve^ov}<£va€v odv airrw S^aaS-ai xaS-a eiwS-eiy 
xal eq>ri avvoioeiv kul rb ^ilriov. rfj (J* varsQala 5 
6 Zevoq)d>v TiQoelS-fbv dg ^ChpQVvwv iS-vsro xal 
(bloxavzei /o/pot;^ rip jtax^iip voficpy xal ixakXiiQ€i. 
xal ravTf] rfj rifiiQ(j^ atpixvelxav Bieov xal NavGi" 6 
xXei&rig XQVI^^'^^ ddjOovtsg rip ar^arev/Ltari, xal 
^evovrrai rip Zeyog>(bvri xal hcnov Sv bv Aafi- 
yjdx(p dnidoro nevrrixovra daQBixwv, wtoTtrBVovreg 
avrdv dC erdeiav TteTiQaxevai, ori ijxovov avrbv 
ijdBoS'ai rtb i7i7i(p, Xvodfuvoi anedooav xal rrp^ 
rifiriv ovx rfS-eXov dnohxPuv. 

^Evrevd-Bv BTtoQBVovro did rfjg TQ(pddog, xal i 
{mBQ^dvcBg rrjv ^'Idtjv Big ^'Avravd^ov dcpixvovvrai 
TiQibroVy Bira nagd S-dlarrav tioqbvo/uvoi rfjg Mv- 
aiag Big Oril^rjg tibSiov. ivrevS-er di Ad^afivrriov ^ 
xal Kvrcjviov Big Ka'ixov tibSiov ild-ovrBg IH^yauov 
xaraka/u^dvovai rrjg Mvaiag. 

^Evravd-a di] §Bvovrai Zevocpcbv ^Ellddi rfj 
Fofy^Xov rov Foyy^Xov rov ^EQBTQiicog yvvaixl 
xal roQyiiovog xal FoyyiXov firjftQi. aifrtj rf' avrip i> 
g)Qdl^Bi on Aaiddrtjg iarlv bv r(p TiBdiip dvijQ IlBQarig ' 



264 LIB. VII. CAP. VIII. 

Tovrov eq)7] avxov, d hlS-oi rfjg rvxrog avv TQia-- 
xoaioig avdQaoiy la^elv otv xal airtbv xal 'yvvalxcc 
xal jxaidag xal ra xQ'^/^o^'^oc • elvai dh noXla. rai/va 
dh xaO^riyifiouBvovg ejiBfiyjB rdv re avrfjg dvetfJiov 

10 xal Jaq>vaY6Qav, Sv tibqI n)^i(nov inomro. excov 
ovv 6 ABvocpibv rovrovg naQ* eavxip iS^ero. xal 
Baalag 6 ^Hkelog fiavrig naQibv einsv, Sri xaXkiiSr 

11 sir] ra Isqcc avrw xal avtjQ aXwoi/itog sirj. deiTti^^ 
oag ovv bjIoqbv^o rovg tb Xo^ayovg rovg /LcdkiOra 
(piXovg la^a)v xal allovg rivag marohg yeyBvr^- 
/uBvovg dia navrog, onwg bv noitioai airtovg. Owe^- 
BQ^ovrai d^ avrip xal allot ^taad/uBvoi Big i^axoalovg' 
ol ds lo^ayol anrilavvovy Xva firj /uevadoiBV rd 
/UBQog, <hg hoifiwr dij XQV/^^^^* 

12 ^EtzbI d^ aq)ixovTO tibql /uioag vvxrag, ra jllbv 
TiBQi^ ovT avdQajioda rfjg rv^Oiog xal /Qti/LLara ra 
tiIbIot aiXBd^a avrovg na^afiBlovvtag j (bg rdv 

13 ^Aoidarriv avxov I&^oibv xal rdxBivov. TiVQ^o/ua- 
/ovvTBg d' BjZbI ovx idvvavro la^Biv rijv rvQaiv, 
iipTjlr] yaQ rjv xal jUBydltj xal TiQOfia/Bwvag xal 
avd^ag nollovg xal fiaxl^f^ovg B^ovaa, dioQ'&rvBiv 

14 BjTB/BiQrjCfav rbv nvQyov, 6 dh rol^og f[v bk dxro) 
nliv&(Dv ytjivcov rb BVQog. a/aa dh rfj fifUQa (Jicu- 
QWQVXTO' xal d)g rd TiQwrov SiBq)dv7]y endra^BV 
Bvdod^Bv ^ovTioQcp Tig d^slioxcp diajuTiBQBg rbv firi^bv 
Tov Byyvrdra)' rb dk lovnbv BXXo^BiJOvrBg kioiovv 

15 fi^ridh na^iavai exi d(Jq)alBg Bivai. XBXQay&xcov d^ 
avrwv xal tivqobvovtcjv ix^otid-ovair ^Irafievrig fxhv 
B/cov rijv iavTov dvva/niv, ix Kofiaviag rf' onXirai 



LIB. VII. CAP. VIII. 265 

l^aavQioi xal ^Y^xdvioi Innfjg xal ovtov jSaOiXiwg 
fii6d'oq)6Qoi (bg oydorixovTa, xal aXkoi Tislraaral 
€ig dxraxoalovg, SlkXoi d^ ix naQd-eviov, aXloi d^ €§ 
^AnoXkcoriag xal ix rwv Tilrjaiov /top/(oy xal iTiTifjg. 

^EvxavS-a dij &Qa riv axonelv nwg eorai 17 16 
acpodog* xal Xa^ovreg 8001 fiaav ^osg xal ngo^ara 
ijlavvov xavd^dnod^ ivrbg nXaiolov noirjad/Lcevoif ov 
xolg xQTjuaOiv en nQOCa/^ovxeg rbv vovvy akka /Ltrj 
q)vyTj sXri rj aq)odog, el xaralmdvrsg ra XQVf^^'^^ 
dmoiBV, xal 61 re noXefjiioi O-QaOvraQOi siey xal ol 
(TtQaricoTai dd-v/iorsQor vvv d^ dnfjcfav wg tts^I 
Tvbv /Qfj/LtdrcDV fiaxovfiei^OL. insl d^ id)Qa Foyyvkoj n 
oUyovg /uhv rovg "^'EHrivag, 7io)2ovg de rovg mi- 
XBifxhovg, a^eQX^rai xal avrbg ^la rfig /urjTQog s/coy 
TTjv iavTov dvvafiiVy ^ovlofuvog fjueTaC/^alv rov 
egyov avrs^orj&ai de xal ITQOxlfjg i§ l^hOaQvrjg 
xal TavS-Qaviag 6 dnb JajnaQdzov. ol dh neql 18 
Zavoqxjjvra anal Ttdvv ^dtj amaC^ovro vnb rcbv ro^av- 
judrcov xal aq)avdora}Vy TtoQavofjuavoi xvxX(p, oTtwg 
ra OTila a^oiav n^bg rcbv ro^avfidTOiv, fiolig dia- 
^aivpvOi rbv Kd^xaoov noxafioVy rarQeofiavoi ayyvg 
ol rifiiaaig. avravS-a S' ^Ayaoiag Srvuq)dhog loxa- 19 
ybg riTQWOxarai, rbv ndvra /Q^^ov fia/^ofiavog n^bg 
rovg Tiola/Ltiovg. xal diaOwQovrai dvdQanoda (bg 
dcaxoOia a/ovrag xal n^6(iaTa ooov S-v/iiara. 

Tfj d' vOraQaia S-vod/Lcavog 6 Savoq)(bv a^dyav 20 
vvxx(OQ Tidv TO aTQdxavua, bjiwg Hxv /uaxQordrrfy 
klS^oL rfjg Avdiag, alg rb fii] dia rb ayyvg alvai 
(po^alod-ai, d)X dq)vlaxralv, 6 cJ' AaiSdrr]g dxovoag 21 



2(56 LIB. VII. CAP. VIII. 

liri Tidhv in avrdv red-vjiiivog mj 6 S'svfHp&v xal 
navrl rib (TtQarev/LiaTi rjSoi, i^avll^etai slg xw/uag 

22 tTTo rd UaQS-eviov ndliOfia i/otiaag. hravS-^ ol 
TieQi Ahvoq>(bvTa (Wrrvyx^^^^^^^ avrtp xal ka/i^d- 
vovaiv airtbv xal yvvaixa xal ncudag xal rovg 
mnovg xal n&vra tcl bvra* xal oilrto ra nQore^a 

23 U^a djii^t], eneira ndXiv dg)ixvovvTai elg IJBQya^ 
fiov. hravd-a rbv S'sdv i^OJidoaro S^oq)(bv' Ot/ve^ 
TtQOTTov ^ap xal ol Adxmveg xal ol loxayol xal 
ol aXkoi (TtQarrj^ol xal ol oi^axuxnai, &(Tt* i^aiQera 
lafieiv xal mnovg xal "Qtiyri xal raila' ioo&* Ixavov 
elvai xal ciXXov ijdti si nomv. 

24 ^Ev TOVTip Oi^QOJV naQayevojLUVog noQ^la^B 
rd axQaxeviJAx. xal av/u/Lil§ag rip clU,(p 'Eiltp^ixtp 
knoUfUi n^bg Tiaaaq)€Qvr]v xal ^a^vd^oSl^ov. 



25 ^[AqxovTBg di oXds Tfjg ^aaiXiiag Xioqag oatjy iTT'^X- 
^Ofi€v. Avdiag Idqxiiiag^ OQvylag ^AQfoxafiag, Avxa- 
oviag vloI KaTTTtado^iag Mi&qaddrrfi^ KiXmlag Sviweaigy 
OoiviTLrjg Ttal ^Aqa(iiag JiQvtjg, 2vqlag mat lAaavqiag 
Beleavg, Bafivlojvog ^PconaQag, Mrfiiag Idg^di^xg^ Oam- 
avQv xal ^Eaiteqirwv TiQifiaCog' Kaq8ov%oi 8k nat Xd- 
Xvfieg xcft Xaldaioi ytai MdiiQioveg nal K6Xxoi %al Moa^ 
avvoiyLOi ytat KoTioi xat TifiaQijvol airdvofwi' T£aq>Xa'' 
yoviag Koqvhxg^ Bid'vvuv Oaqvd^a^ogy t&v iv Ei'QibTTjj 
QQ(pL(bv levdTjg. dQi&fwg avfiTtdarjg rffi ddov r^g dva- 
fiuaewg xai ytara^daeoh; arax^iiol dia/uimoi 8e%a7tevTBy 
'iraqaadyyai ysikioi tAccrdv 7t€vtrjy,ovTa Ttivte, arddta tqkf- 
fiiQia T€TQayjaxlXta i^axdaia 7r€vri^ovra. XQ^^^^ nXfj&og 
rffi dva/Sdaewg yial yuxra^daecjg inavrdg nal TQeTg fiijveg. 



(Printed in Germany.) 



Selections from Cassell % Company's Publicqtiotis, 



lUuiatrat^ir, Jim ^rt, attir otlr^r JJnlum^a/ 

Abbeys and Churclies of England and Wales, The: Descriptive, Historical* 

Pictorial, in 2 Vols., 2 IS. each. 
Adventure, The World of. Fully Illustrated. Vols. I. and II., 9s. each. 
American Academy Notes. Illustrated Art Notes upon the National Academy 

of Design, 1889. 2s. 6d. 

American Yachts and Yachting. Illustrated. 6s. 

Animal Fainting In Water Colours. With Eighteen Coloured Plates by 

Frederick Tayler. 5s. 
Another's Crime. A Novel. By Julian Hawthorne. Cloth, 3s. 6d. 
Arabian Nights Entertainments (Cassell's). With about 400 Illustrations. los. 6d. 
Archltectuiul Drawing. By Phen£ Spiers. Illustrated. los. 6d. 
Art, The Magazine of Yearly Volume. With several hundred Engravings, and 

Twelve Etchings, Photogravures, &c. Vol. for 1890, 16s. 
BashMrtseff, Marie, The Journal of. Translated from the French by Mathilde 

Blind. With Portraits and an Autograph Letter. Library Edition in Two Vols., 

den>y 8vo, 24s. Cheap Edition^ 7s. 6d. 

Behind Time. By G. P. Lathrop. Illustrated. 2s. 6d; 

Birds' Nests, Eggs, and Egg Collecting. By R. Kearton. Illustrated with 

16 Coloured Plates. 5s. 
Black Arrow, The. A Tale of the Two Roses. By R. L. Stevenson. 5s. 
British Ballads. 275 Original Illustrations. Two Vols. Cloth, 7s. 6d. each. 
British Battles on Land and Sea. B^ James Grant. With about 600 

Illustrations. Three Vols., 4to, £x 7s. ; Library Edition, £x los. 
British Battles, Recent. Illustrated. 4to, 9s. Library Edition, los. 
British Empire, The. By Sir George Campbell. 3s. 
Browning, An Introduction to the Study of. By Arthur Symons. 2s. 6d. 
Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, and the Holy War, CasseU's Illustrated 

Edition of. With 200 Original Illustrations. Demy 4to, cloth, i<5s. 

Butterflies and Moths, European. By W. F. Kirby, With 6i Coloured 

) Plates. Demy 4to, 35s. 

Canaries and Cage-Birds, The Illustrated Book o£ By W. A. Blakston^ 

W. SwAYSLAND, and A. F. Wiener. With 56 Fac-simile Coloured Plates, 35s. 

Cannibals and Convicts. By Julian Thomas ("The Vagabond"). Cheap 

Edition, 5s. 

Captain Trafalgar. By Westall and Laurie. Illustrated. 5s. 

CasseU's Family Magazine. Yearly Vol. Illustrated. 9s. 

Cathedral Churches of England and Wales. Descriptive, Historical, Pictorial. 

J^dition de luxe. Roxburgh, 42s. 
Celebrities of the Century. Being a Dictionary of the Men and Women of the 

Nineteenth Century. Cheap Edition, los. 6d. 
Chess Problem, The. With Illustrations by C. Planck and others. 7s. 6d. 
China Fainting. By Florence Lewis. With Sixteen Coloured Plates, and a 

selection of Wood Engravings. With full Instructions. 5s. 
Choice Dishes at Small Cost. By A. G. Payne. Cheap Edition, is. 
Christianity and Socialism, Lectures on. By Bishop Barry. 3s. 6d. 
Cities of the World. Four Vols. Illustrated. 7s. 6d. each. 
Civil Service, Guide to Empl03rment in the. New and Enlarged Edition. 3s. 6d. 
Civil Service.— Guide to Female Employment in Government Offtces. Cloth, is. 
Climate and Health Resorts. By Dr. Burney Yeo. 7s. 6d. 
Clinical Manuals for Practitioners and Students of Medicine. {A List of 

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Clothing, The Influence of, on Health. By Frederick Treves, F.R.CS. 2s. 
Cobden Club, Works published for the. {A Complete List post free on 

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Columbus, Christopher, The Life and Vosrages ot By Washington iRviNa 

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Commerce, The Year Book ot Edited by Kenric B. Murray. Second Year's 

Issue. 5s. 

Commodore Junk. By G. Manville Fenn. 5s. 

Conquests of the Cross. Edited by Edwin Hodder. With numerous Original 
Illustrations. Vol. I. 9s. 

8 G — 9.90 



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QolllYer'B Trayela. With 88 Engravings by Morten. Cheap Edition, Cloth, 
^ 3S. 6d. ; cloth gilt, 5S. 

CKm and its Development, The. By W. W. Greener. Illustrated. los. 6d. 

CKins, Modem Shot By W. W. Greener. Illustrated. 5s. 
.Health at School. By Clement Dukes, M.D., RS. 7s. 6d. 
Health, The Book ol By Eminent Physicians and Surgeons. Qoth, 21s. 
Health, The Influence of Clothing on. By F. Treves, F. R.CS. 2s. 
Heavens, The Story of the. By Sir Robert Stawell Ball, LL.D., F.R.S. 

Coloured Plates and Wood Engravings. 31s. 6d. Popular Edition^ 12s. 6d. 
Heroes of Britain in Peace and war. In Two Vols., with 300 Original Illus- 
trations. 5s. each ; or One Vol., library binding, xcs. 6d. 

Holiday Studies of Wordsworth. By F. A. malleson, M.A. 5s. 

Homes, Our, and How to Make them Healthy. By Eminent Authorities. 

Illustrated. 15s. 

Horse, The Book of the. By Samuel Sidney. With 28 Fac-simile Coloured 
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Houghton Lord : The Life, Letters, and FHendships of Richard Monckton 
Milnes, First Lord Houghton. By T. Wemyss Reid. Two Vols., with 

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Household, Cassell's Book of the. Illustrated. Vols. I., II., and III. 5s. each. 
How Dante Climbed the Mountain. By Rose Emily Selfe. With Eighi 

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How Women may Earn a Living. By Mercy Grogan. Cheap Edition. 6d. 
India, GasseU's History of. By James Grant. With 400 Illustrations. 15s. 
Industrial Remuneration Conference. The Report of. 2s. 6d. 
Irish Leagues, The Work of the. I'he Speech of the Ri^ht Hon. Sir Henry 
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Irish Parliament, A Miniature History of the. By J. C. Haslam. 3d. 

Irish Union, The : Before and After. By A. K. Connell, M.A. 2s. 6d. 

"Japanese" Library, Cassell's. Consisting of 12 Popular Works bound in 

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Hand^ Andy. Oliver Twist. 

Mohicans. The Last Days of 

Palroyra. Jack Hinton, the 

Hood. American Humour. Tower of Liondoii. 

John Orlehar, Clk. By the Author of " Culmshire Folk." 2s. 

John Parmelee's Curse. By Julian Hawthorne. 2s. 6d. 

Earmel the Scout. A Novel. By Sylvanus Cobb, Junr. Cloth, 3s. 6d. 

Kennel Guide, PracticaL By Dr. Gordon Stables. Illustrated. Cheap Edition, is. 

Khiva, A Ride ta By Col Fred Burnaby. is. 6d. 

Kidnapped. By R. L. Stevenson. Illustrated Edition. 5s. 

King Solomon's Mines. By H. Rider Haggard. Illustrated Edition. 5s. 

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Lady Biddy Fane, The Admirable. By Frank Barrett. Popular Edition, qs. 

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roxburgh, £^ 2s. 

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Latin-Quarter Courtship, A. By Henry Harland (Sidney Luska). Cloth, 3s. 6d. 

Uiw, How to Avoid. By A. j. Williams, M.P. Cheap Edition, is. 

daws of Every-Day Life, The. By H. O. Arnold-Forster. is. 6d. Presen- 
tation Edition. 3s. Sen. 

Cetts's Diaries and other Time-saving Publications are now published exclu- 
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Loans IMiiaJiuaL A Compilation of Tables and Rules for the Use of Local 
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Local Gtovemment in England and Germany. By the Rt. Hon. Sir Robert 

MORIER, G.C.B., &C. IS. 

London and North Western Bailway, The Official Illustrated Guide to th& 

IS * clotn 2S 

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IS ' cloth 2S 

London, Brighton and South Coast Railway, The Official Illustrated Guido 

to the, IS. ; cloth, as. 




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London, Greater. By Edward Walford. Two Vols. With about 400 

Illustrations. 9s. each. Library Edition. Two Vols. £x the set. 

London, Old and New. By Walter Thornbury and Edward Walfordu 
Six Vols., each containing about 200 Illustrations and Maps. Cloth, 9s. each. Librarf 
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London Street Arabs. By Mrs. H. M. Stanley (Dorothy Tennant). 

Collection of Pictures. Descriptive Text by the Artist, ss. 

LongfelloWs Poetical Works. Fine- Art Edition. Illustrated throughout with 
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Magic at Home. By Prof. Hoffman. Illustrated. Extra crown, 5s. 

Master of Ballantrae, The. By Robert Louis Stevenson. 5s. 

Mechanics, The Practical Dictionary o£ Containing 15,000 Drawings. Four 

Vols. 21s. each. 

Medical Handbook of Life Assurance. By James Edward Pollock, M.D., 

F.R.C.P., and James Chisholm, Fellow of the Institute of Actuaries, London. 7s. 6dU 
Medical Handbook for Colonists. By E. Alfred Barton. M.R.C.S. 2s. 6d. 

Medicine, Mamials for Students o£ [A List forwarded post free on application^ 

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Midland Railway, The Official lUastrated Guide to the. is. ; cloth, 2s. 

Modem Europe, A History ot By C. A. Fyffe, M.A. Three Vols., 12s. each. 

Music, Illustrated History of. By Emil Naumann. Edited by the Rct. 

Sir F. A. GoRB Ouseley, Bart. Illustrated. Two Vols. 31s. 6d. 
National Library, Cassell's. In Volumes, each containing about 192 pages. 

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Natural History, Cassell's Concise. By E. Perceval Wright, M.A., M.D., 

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Natural History, Cassell's New. Edited by Prof. P. Martin Duncan, M.a, 

F.R.S., F.G.S. Complete in Six Vols. With about 2,000 Illustrations. Cloth, 9s. each. 

Nature's Wonder Workers. By Kate R. Lovell. Illustrated. 5s. 
Nursing for the Home and for the Hospital, A Handbook of: By Cathb- 

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Nursing of Sick Children, A Handbook for the. By Catherine J.Wood. 2s. 6d. 
Orations and After-Dinner Speechea By the Hon. C. M. Depew. 7s. 6d. 
Our Own Country. Six Vols. With 1,200 lUustrations. Cloth, 7s. 6d. each. 
Pactolus Prime. A Novel. By Albion W. Tourg^e. 5s. 
Pazton's Flower Garden. With 100 Coloured Plates. (Price on application). 
People I've Smiled With. Recollections of a Merry Little Life. By Marshall 

P. Wilder, as. 
Peoples of the World, The. By Dr. Robert Brown. Complete in Six Volumea. 

With Illustrations. 7s. 6d. each. 

Phantom City, The. By W. Westall. ss. 

Photography for Amateurs. ByT. C. Hepworth. Illustrated, is. ; or cloth, is, 6d. 

Phrase and Fable, Dictionary o£ By the Rev. Dr. Brewer. Cheap Edition^ 

Enlarged^ cloth, 3s. 6d. ; or with leather back, 4s. 6<1. 

Picturesque America. Complete in Four Vols., with 48 Exquisite Steel Plates, 
and about 800 Original Wood Engravings. £2. 2s. each. 

Picturesque Australasia, Casselllu With upwards of 1,000 Illustrations. Com- 
plete in Four Vols., 7s. 6d. each. 

Picturesque danada. With about 600 Original Illustrations. Two Vols., 
;^3 3s. each. 

Picturesque Europe. Complete in Five Vols. Each containing 13 Exquisite Steel 
Plates, from Original Drawing, and nearly 300 Original Illustrations. £ix ; hall^ 
morocco, jC3i z<^s. ; morocco gilt, jCsa xos. The Popular Edition is now compietis 
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Picturesque Mediterranean, The. With a Series of Magnificent Illustrations 
from Original Designs by leading Artists of the day. With Frontispiece in Coloius 
from an Original Drawing by Birkbt Foster, R.I. Vol. I., doth, gUt edges, £,% 2s. 

Pigeon Keeper, The Practical By Lewis Wright. Illustrated. 3s. 6d. 
Pigeons, The Book ot By Robert Fulton. Edited by Lewis Wright. With 
50 Coloured Plates and numerous Wood Engravings. 31s. 6d. ; half-morocco, £% as. 

Pocket Qnide to Europe (Cassell's). Size 5^ in. x 3} in. Leather, 6s. 



Stletttams fr*m Catall it Ctmpai^t PiMkaiiciu. 



Lobftollow. Ta 

hdjtedulc Soles, TI1& Practical IQaitrated Man 
StudmusTlhe PolTiedniic Inuiime, and iniubk: fortL. 




Poor B«ll«f tn Foreign ConiitilaB, fee By Louisa Twinin 
Fortnlt OallBry. TUB Catrliut. Comaining 36 Calrinei _. _ „ 

EmineDl Menand Women of Ihc diy. Wllh Biognphial SkeUhc^ Vol 1. rn« iji. 

Poaltarr Koeper, The PractlcsL By Lewis Wbicht. With Colouied Plates 

Poulbr, The Book Ot By Lewis WbiQht. Fofular Edition. Itlasnated. los. 6d. 
Pooltiy, The nitutrated Book OL By Lewis Wrioht. With Fifty Exquisite 

Calouird Flitct, and niimcraiu Wcx>d EngnviDgl. Nru ami Rniud Edilim. 

CiDtll. 31 L 6d. 

Frlntlitg lUcUnery and Letterpreu PiliiUiig, Hodern. By Fred. J. F. 
QneBn TlctoTla, The Utt and Time* ot By Robert Wilson. Complete In 

I Vols. With DUTniroui IllusliuioDS. ^ each. 

BabUt-Eoemr. Tha Practical. By Cukiculus. lUustrated. 
Ballwar Ubrarr, CasMll's. Crown Svo, boards, i 
-^■"bt^TTowVjBtery. B; 



B0(IIIbrM7. Oauail'i. 




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Bible, Cassell's Illustrated Family. With 900 Illustrations. Leather, gilt 
edges, £^ xos. ; full morocco, £2 los. 

Bible Dictionary, CasBell'a With nearly 600 Illustrations. 7s. 6d. ; roxburgh, 

10s. 6d. 

Bible Educator, The. Edited by the Very Rev. Dean Plumptre, D.D. With 
Illustrations, Maps, &c. Four Vols., doth, 6s. each. 

Bible Student in the British Museum, The. By the Rev. J. G. Kitchin, 

M.A. IS. 

Bible Talks about Bible Pictures. Illustrated by Gustave Dok£ and others. 

Large 410, 5s. 
Biblewomen and Nurses. Yearly Volume, 3s. 

Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progn^ess (Cassell's Illustrated). 4to. 7s. 6d. 

Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progn^ess. With Illustrations. Popular Edition^ 3s. 6d. 

Child's Bible, The. With 200 Illustrations. Demy 4to, 830 pp. 1^0/A Thousand. 
Cheap Edition^ 7s. 6d. Superior Edition^ with 6 Coloured Plates, gilt edges, xos. 6d. 

Child's Life of Christ, The. Complete in One Handsome Volume, with about 
200 Ori^nal Illustrations. Cheap Edition^ cloth, 7s. 6d. ; or with 6 Coloured Plates, 
cloth, gilt edges, xos. 6d. Demy 4to. gilt edges, axs. 

"Come, ye Children." By Rev. Benjamin Waugh. Illustrated. 5s. 

Commentary, The New Testament, for English Readera Edited by the 
Rt. Rev. C. J. Ellicott, D.D., Lord Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. In Three 
Volumes, 21s. each. 

Vol. 1.— The Pour Gl-ospels. 

Vol. II.— The Acts, Boxuana, Corinthians, GI-alatianB. 

Vol. III.— The remaining Books of the liew Testament. 

Commentary, The Old Testament, for English Readers. Edited bv the Rt 

Rev. C. J. Ellicott, D.D., Lord Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. Complete in 

5 Vols., 2 IS. each. 

VoL I.— Ghenesis to Numbers. I VoL III.— Kinifs I. to Esther. 

VoL II.— Deuteronomy to Samuel II. | Vol. IV.— Job to Isaiah. 

VoL v.— Jeremiah to MalaohL 

Commentary, The New Testament Edited by Bishop Ellicott. Handy 

Volume Edition. Suitable for School and general use. 



St. Matthew. 3s. 6cL 
St. Mark. 3s. 
St. Luke. 3S. 6d. 
St. John. 3s. 6d. 
The Acts of the Apostles. 
3s. 6<L 



Bomans. ss. 6d. 
Corinthians I. and II. 3s. 
Q-alatians, Ephesians, and 

Fhilipplans. 3s. 
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and Timothy. 3s. 



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and James, 3s. 
Peter, Jude, andJohn. 3s. 
The Bevelation. 3s. 
An Introduction to the New 

Testament. 2s. 6d. 



Commentary, The Old Testament Edited by Bishop Ellicott. Handy Volume 

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Ghenesis. 3s. 6d. I Iievltious. 3s. I Deuteronoxny. ss. 6d. 

Exodus. 3s. I Kumbers. as. 6d | 

Dictionary of Religion^ The. An Encydopsedia of Christian and other 
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Jor6 Bible. With 230 Illustrations by Gustave Dor&. Original Edition, 
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Early Days of Christianity, The. By the Ven. Archdeacon Farrar, D.D., F.R.& 
Library Edition. Two Vols., 34s. ; morocco, £^ 2s. 

Popular £dition. Complete in One Volume, cloth, 6s. ; cloth, ^It edgesi 
7s. 6d. ; Persian morocco, xos. 6d. ; tree-calf, X5S. 

Family Frayer-Book, The. Edited by Rev. Canon Garbett, M.A, and Rev. 
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Glories of the llan of Sorrows, The. Sermons preached at St. James'% 
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Gospel of Grace, The. By a Ltndesie. Cloth, 2s. 6d. 

8 B — 9.90 



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TOI Book for all PaUllc Examinations. By W. S. Thomson, M.A. is. 
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TteaBure Island. By R. L. Stevenson. Illustrated. 5s. 
Tk^atment, The Tear-Book o£ A Critical Review for Practitioners of Medicine 
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Tree Painting in Water ColoiirB. By W. H. J. Boot. With Eighteen 

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Ttees, Familiar. By G. S. Boulger, F.L.S., F.G.S. Two Series. With Forty 
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Tlroy Town, The Astonishing History ot By Q, Author of *' Dead Man's Rock." 

Crown 8vo, cloth, 5s. 
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** Unicode": The Universal Teleg^phlc Phrase Book. Pocket and Desk 

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United States, Cassell's History of the. By the late Edmund Ollier. With 600 

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United States, The Youth's mstory ot By Edward S. Ellis. Illustrated. 

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Yaccination Vindicated. An Answer to the leading Anti- Vaccinators. By John 
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gilt, gilt edges, los. 6d. 
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Bible, Cassell'B Illustrated Family. With 900 Illustrations. Leather, gilt 
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Bible Dictionary, Cassell's. With nearly 600 Illustrations. 7s. 6d. ; roxburgh, 

los. 6(1. 

Bible Educator, The. Edited by the Very Rev. Dean Plumptre, D.D. With 
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Bible Student in the British Museum, The. By the Rev. J. G. Kitchin, 

M.A. IS. 
Bible Talks about Bible Pictures. Illustrated by Gustave Dok£ and others. 

Large 410, ss. 

Biblewomen and Nurses. Yearly Volume. 3s. 

Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progn^ess (Cassell's Illustrated). 4to. 7s. 6d. 

Bunyan's Pilgrim's Prog^ress. With Illustrations. Popular Edition^ 3s. 6d. 

Child's Bible, The. With 200 Illustrations. Demy 410, 830 pp. 150/A Thousand, 
Cheap Edition^ 7s. 6d. Superior Edition^ with 6 Coloured Plates, gilt edges, xos. 6d. 

Child's Life of Christ, The. Complete in One Handsome Volume, with about 
200 Ori^nal Illustrations. Cheap Edition^ cloth, 7s. 6d. ; or with 6 Coloured Plates, 
cloth, gilt edges, los. 6d. Demy 4to, gilt edges, 21s. 

•'Come, ye Children." By Rev. Benjamin Waugh. Illustrated. 5s. 

Commentary, The New Testament, for English Readers. Edited by the 
Rt. Rev. C. J. Ellicott, D.D., Lord Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. In Three 
Volumes, 21s. each. 

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